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Full text of "Confederate veteran [serial]"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/confederateveter13conf 



INDEX. 




Veteran. 



PUBLISHKD MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF 
CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



VOLUME XIII. 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 



Nashville, Tenn. 
1906. 



LXDEX VOLUME \III. 



Address by Miss Ijiiriipkin 29S 

Address by Dr. R. H. McKiiu 113 

Addr*'ss to Veterans 504 

Alleghany Roughs 365 

Allen. Henry Watkins 412 

American Women, by Wolseley 501 

Arkansas' Militar.v. Record 67 

Army of the Cumberland 563 

Amall. Col. C. S 151 

Appomattox Banquet 251 

As.sassination of Lincoln 14 

Assault upon Fort Gilmer 269 

Averitt. Rev. J. B 369 

Barefooted Buy at Gettysburg 209 

Bate, Wm. B 152. 2o7. 2U.S 

Battle, Joel Allen 254 

Battle of Cedar Creek, corn ct account 251 

Battle of Chickamauga 72 

Battle of Hartsville 454 

Battle of Murfreesboro 410 

Hatth' ot Nashville 68 

Battle of Port Walthall 27 

Battle of Steven's Depot 561 

Ba.\ter, Jerre 182 

Birthday of Lee 53 

Birthplace of General Lee 13 

Blockade Runner. A Successful 25 

Boutell. Patriotic Mr 220 

Breekenridge, Gen. Jno. C 257 

Brown. Tally ,on General Forrest 445 

Buford's I>ivision in Hood's Rear 161 

Buried at Red Sulphur Springs, W. Va 564 

P.uri^'d by his Class mates 254 

CabeH's, Gen. W. S., Birthday 55 

Camp Morton, Life in 265 

Captured by Capt. M. S. Cockrill 126 

Capture of Hartsville 454 

Capture of Hecknian's Brigade 164 

Capture of the Mazeppa 566 

Captures by the Eighth Confederate Cavalry 45S 

Capturing the Negro Flag 253 

Carpenter's Batter.v 365 

Cavalier of the Soutii 503 

Cavalry Charge at Chancellorsville 452 

Cavalry of Hood's Left at Nasliville 2.S 

Chaffln's Farm Fight 418 

Charge at Spanish Fort 226 

Chati.p.ni Artillery of Savannah 12 

Children of Confederacy in New York .'593 

Children's Stories of the War 408 

Choctaw Indians as Confederate Soldiers 560 

Clansman. Comment on The 227 

Clark. Judge Walter 104 

Cleburne's Division at Franklin 27 

Cleburne's Division at Missionary Ridge 28 

Cobb's Battery, Not Captured at Shiloh 6S 

Coffin of General Lee 112 

Comforting War Reminiscences 363 

Commanders, Texas Brigade 407 

Comrade in Need 562 

Company G, First Georgia Cavalry 71 

Conditions of Army Near Close of War 225 

Confederate Benefit Fund 112 

Confederate Cemetery in Chicago 304 

Confederate Cemetery for Arkansas 326 

Confederate Christmas 572 

Confederate Dead at Sliepherdstown, W. Va. . 170 

Confederate Dead Buried in Kentucky 74 

Confederates Condemned as Spies 



Conf<'derates in Congress 

Confederate Flag from Wisconsin 
Confederate Home at Austin.... 
Confederiite Memorial Association 
Confederate Memorial Association 

Confederate Soldier. Thi' 

Confederated Memorial Association . 

Conrad. Capt. T. N 

Coon Was Kxehanged 

Correction of Errors 

Cotton Crop Estimates 

Cox, Gen. W. R.. Married 

Crosses ot Honor, Report on 

Crosses of Honor to Texas ^'eterans . 
(Cruelty to Mr. Davis 



541 

44S 

34 



if Spottsylvania. 



;19. 247. 32' 



1 :; 

, 39 • 



Dana, C. A., on Cruelty to Mr. Davis. . . 

Davis's Birthda.v a Holida.v 

Davis's Election. Notice of 

I-)a\'is in Days of Emergene.\' 

Da\'is, Jefferson, Prison Life of 

Davis, Jefferson. The True 

Davis, English Tribute to . . . 

Da\'is Monmnent Inscriptions 

Davis. Sam 

Days of Emergency to President Davis. 

Daring Deed of Ike Davenport 

DeGournay's Battallion of Artiller.v. . . 

Design of First Confederate Flag 

Died for their State 

Disaster at Maxwell House 

Dicbanding President Davis's Escort.. 

Divided in War Times 

Dixie, Don't Like 

Dodd, David O 

Double Reimion at N.ishviile 



124 

iin 

578 
349 
536 
166 
. 271 

271 

. 324 

369 

4S6 

245 

487 

420 

463 

16S 

4S6 

.111 

30 

509 

31'i 



16 
ISO 
550 

69 



300, 



Early and His Campaigns 

Early, General, to His Chaplain 

Echoes from B.attle of Murfreesboro . 

Ector's Brigade at Cliickamauga 

Ector's Brigade, Errors Concerning. 

Editorial 8, 5G, 102, 160, 200, 244, 

Eighth Confederate Cavalry 

Election Notice to President Davis 

EUenherger, Henr.v, Inquir.v for 

Emmett, Dan, and Dixie's Land 

Bnglisli Tribute to Davis 

Errors Corrected 

Escape of General Pettus from Johnson's Island. 

Escape from New Orleans Prison 

Escort to President Davis Disbanded 

Estill. Col. J. H 

Experif nces in I'rison b.v a Girl 

Excusalile Misrepresentation 



392. 491. 



511 

459 

410 

308 

457 

540 

4 58 

369 

317 

101 

420 

324 

19 

19 

25 

181 

506 

71 



P^all of Riclimonil 305 

Fall of Fort Fisher 131 

Father and Son Confederate Veterans 59 

Fate of Heroic Georgian 256 

Field. Al. G 241 

Fight at Clinton, La 122 

Fight at Fort Gilmer 123 

Fighting near Port Gibson 225 

First Arkansas Brigade at Chickamauga 166 

First Confederate Flag o«9 

First (Confederate from Kentucky 499 

First Confederate Monument II 

Flag and Uniform of the Confederacy 222 

Flag of the Thirteenth United States Infantry 1„ 

■J-orrest, Gen. N. B i^^ 



Qopfedera 



Forifst Camp Recoi'd 3il4 

l-'orrest Cavalry Corps at Reunion J(I5, 324 

I''orrt'St Monument at Memphis 3iJ9 

l-'ori-est Monument Invitation 20G 

Forrest's Guntown Victory 463 

Fort Gilmer Assault 269, 413 

Fort Harrison Figlit 4 1 S 

I'Vealt ol" liigluning in 'Uii's 462 

I'-ree Transpnrlaliuii tor X'eterans 1511 

Galvanized Yanks ■. . . 24!i 

G. A. R. Meeting 40;i 

Gantt. Judge J. B 4oii 

General Orders Ind 

GeorKia Pension 24 4 

Georgians Noted in the Confederacy Iii4 

(Jordon Monument Association 244 

Grant, setter from 2 n; 

Grant us Friend to McLaws 3ii i 

Gray Coat. An Old '. 14 

Grewsome lixperienees at Petersburg 3.' 

Grinslead. Ilirani \j 406 

Hannnond. Honor tt) l*ri\'ate .Jolin HO 

Hampton Roads 26S. 32. i 

Harris, .1. K. P <Oii 

Harris. Jiio. R 44S 

Harrison. I >r. W. C 309 

Harliauali. 'I". C 41 

Hard l*'ighting \'irginians 30ti 

* Heckm.an's IJrigade. Capluri' of 1)14 

Heroes of Sabine Pass 55, 497 

Heroic servici' at Baton Rouge 1.") 

Hlirs Tribute to l^ee 49 

Hewitt. Dick. A True Confederate 15S 

Histor.v of Confederate Flags atui Seals 101 

I lenderson. Mrs. lazzie George 533 

i lolding ■Traveler" 266 

Home fui- t,'onfederate Women 70, 159 

Hood atnl Cliiekamauga 552 

Hooper. Mrs. Kali' 249 

How CJonfederates Ti'eated a Federal 2'2s 

How Some Flags Were t^^aptured 25U 

I low Some History Is Written 1 11 

Huse, Major, of the Secret Service 65 

Inunortal Six Hundi'ed 519 

incidents of Trip to Calil'ornia 485 

Infernal Machines 45S 

hupiiry foi" Prison Comrades 13i» 

Institution for Negores lilo 

Irving Hloek Hastile 314 

Jacliet of Gray 564 

Jack.son. Andrew. Jr 329 

.Jackson at Cliancellorsville 229. 232 

,Iefferson, Jo.si>pli 20S 

.Tohnny Reb and Liiliy Yank 246 

Jolinson's Island i*rison 253 

.lohnson. R. Y., at Franklin 457 

Johnson. Col. Thos 498 

Jonas. Ma.i. S. A 246, 409 

Jones's Raid Through West Virginia 449 

Jotirney from Missouri to Texas 562 

Kentucky's (;iris lo llie Confedrraey 200 

Kilpatrick's Spotteil Hoi-se 315, 456 

Kipling to a Southern Girl 244 

Knife ]''onnd in a 'I'ree 20>; 

l<:ing. Cancer of Col. H. B 129. 306. 497 

L(\ilhers. Capt. Jno. H 205 

Lee Camp I>inn(»r 110 

Lee. Gen. R, F. 16". 274 

Leo. Gen. R. 10.. as a Coilegi' President 35S 

Ix'e. Gen. S. !>.. Commamii'r in t'liief 2S4 

Lee to the Rear in Rronze 12 

Left Wing of lUr l''reneli Arm.v 463 

18201 



t^ l/eterar;. ^C.7V? ^ a 

^ V, )^ 

Letter Irom V. S. Grant ou! 

Liddell's Division at Chickamauga 22 

Life in Camp Morton ' 255 

Limit to Negio Troops j„ 

Lines on Confederate Note 046 

Literary Soutli. The ^gj. 

Literary Talent in North Carolina . . . . 504 

Little Giffln of Tennes.see [ 0-3 

Lost Livi s for Comrades ^gr^ 

Marrast. Col. Jno. C jj.) 

Marriage under Dimculties 6S 

Maxwell House Di.saster 223 

May, Jerry W ,"., 

MoC^ulloeh. Death of General 55^ 

MeCulloeh. Col. RobI ' " " ;{r, 

MelCweo Bivouac and Camp 161 

Meiial Presented Fditor .t;4(i 

.Memorial \}ny ^^^ 

Miniorial Day in Baltimore 345 

.Memorial Order of the Confederacy 499 

-Memories of the Sixties 61 

Miles's Cruelty to Mr .Davis 217 

Military Record of Arkansas 67 

Mississippi at Gettysburg 572 

Mi.ssouri Girl's Prison FxperiiMice 50fi 

Mistakes Correeled 3Q <; 

Mixed as to Identity 56] 

Monument at Birmingham 249 

MonmnenI at Carroilton Miss 211 

.Monument ;tt n,versl>urg. Tenn 342 

Momuni'iU at Kufaula. Ala 12 

Mommieni at Huntsville. Ala 538 

Monumint at Little Roek. Ark , 350 

.Monument at Montgomery. Ala 20 

MonmnenI at Shiloh 437 

Monument at Suffolk .\'a 127 

Monumenl. First Confederate n 

Monumint. North Carolina at .\ppomaltox 112 

.Monumenl lo Fiiitlifui .Slaves 123 

Monument to Father R.van 7S. 299 

Monumenl to Gen. N. B. Forrest 3S9 

Monument to (Jen. Jno. B. Gordon 244 

Monument to Hon. Jim. H. Reagan 207 

.Monument to .Tohn Pelham 170 

Monument to .Soulhern Women 159,212.214.247 

Moore. Jack 163 

Moore. Thos.. and wife 16 

Morgan s Cavalry at Shiloh 206 

.Morgan. Family of Mrs. H. H 222 

.Miu-gan's Raid into Kentucky 571 

Mosby's Men 211 

My Old Kentucky Home 367 

Nance. Capt., of Texas 77 

Nashville Route. The 183 

Negro Commander. G. A. R 245 

Negro Communed at St. Paul 360 

Negro l-'lag Captured 253 

Negro Troops 1 

Night after Battle of Manassas .■ 459 

North Carolina Troops, Record of 132 

Not Dead Vel K 213 

Ochs. Adolph S .' 57S 

Oldest (Confederate Organization 341 

Ohl First Virginia Infantry 391 

Old St. Leger 80 

Old Soutli. The Sa. 216 

I ipilyke's Brigade at Franklin 563 

(\sborne. 'I'hos. D 205 

Ovi^r His He.irl tlie Piel\n-e of Lec> 24 

Peabody College for Ti'aehers 3fiS 

Peck. Nannie King 244 

Pelham Mommient 170 

Perkins. Fncle Jerry , ■ . 422 

Personal ICxperiiMices at Harrisburg 361 

2 



Qoi}federat^ l/ccerai). 



Personal Visil to 0< mnil L.ee lUS 

f'icketfs W. U., Mfxic-un Pension 1 li 

l^iuiieer Lifo in Arkansas :J49 

Poiiuiexter. Tiitnitc In Mrs. Kate C 32S 

I'Dit Gibson 22.", 

I'ortiait of General IjW and Traveler Ss 

Prayer of a Drummer 562 

i'lcsidcnt at Louisville 20C 

Trice's Raid through Mis.souri 221! 

I'riohard. Mr.s. M. J 391 

Prison Life of Jefferson Davis 245 

Pri.son Life. Records of 455 

l^rison Experiences lo.'i 

Prodigal's Return. The ID:; 

Promise of Sectional Millennium in;i 

I'ronioted on the Field 17 

Pi-op<5sed Law for Tennessee 54 

Pur-suit of General Stur.y:iss IT 

Railroad Rates to Reunion 204 

Rallying with a Frying Pan 72 

Rebel Yell. The 500 

Rebel Yell. The Last 250 

Records of Prison Life ' 455 

Reagan. Death of Hon. Jno. H 151 

Rebel Scout. The 220 

Refused Stolen Meat 401 

Relative Numbers in the War 307 

Relative Strength of the Two Armies. . . . ; 60. 307 

Reminiscences of Johnson's Island 253 

Return of Confederate Battle Flags 206. 551 

Return of Sword 25i; 

Reunion Arrangements 149. 241 

Reunion at Louisville 90.150,197.293 

Reunion at McAlester. Ind. T 329 

Reunion Echoes from Louisville 341 

Reunion. Florida State 9 

Reunion. Georgia State 541 

Reunion Headquarters 241 

Reunion, Mis.souri Division 214 

Reunion. Mountain Remnant Brigade 26<» 

Reunion. Mosb.v's Men, Annual 511 

Reunion of Company C, First C. and C. Indian Brigade.... 77 

Reunion of Compan.v G. First Georgia Cavalry 16, 71 

Reunion, "Old First" Virginia Infantry 391 

Reunion. President and Secretary 205 

Reunion. Thanks to Committee 32 4 

Richmond Howitzers and Third Arkansas 210 

Roo.sevelfs Visit to the South 4^ 

Rucker, Amos 499 

Russell, Col. E .L ISO 

R.van Memori.al Window 216 

Ryan Mojimnent. Father 7S 

Saiiine Pass Heroes 497 

Saved by his Bible 127 

Secret Service 65 

Sego. Tom 454 

Senior Chaplain. C. S. A 369 

Servants in Prison Ill 

Sharpshooters at Louisville 20S 

Sick Comrades at Nashville in '62 26 

Soldier of the Blue at Reunion 411 

Solid South Room in Museum 56-"i 

Southern Cross of Honor . . .' 171 

Southern Heroes 91 

Southern Heroine in Need 249 

Southern Literature 57, 286 

Southern Woman's Monument. . . .159. 212. 214. 247. 272. 300. 344 

Southern Women. Loyal Hearted 44.S 

Southrons Remembered 271 

Sp.anish Fort 15 

Sp.mish Fort. Charge at 22'1 

Spirit of Memorial Da.v 454 

Standing Stone at Monterey 1S3 

StokPs, Lieut. Bradley 503 

Stories of Scout SerxMc:* 66 

Stories of the War to Children 40S 



Stor.v ot a Song ., 172 

Strategy at New Creek .Station 210 

Stratford. Birthplace of (Jeneral Lee 13 

Stn-nstli of r. S. .\rmv and Navy .'iiI-65 32 



T.ittei-ed Remnants 

Tennessee Bivouacs 

Tenth Tennessee. Tl".e Famous 

Terry's Texas Rangers 

Texas Bri:?ade Commanders 

Third .\rkan.sas and Richmond Howitzers. 
Thirteenth Virginia at Fredericksliurg. . . 

Tliirty-Sevenlli Virginia Infantry 

Thrilling Event Recalleil 

Thrilling Experiences of Col. Lang 

'I'reatioint of Jefferson Davis 

Treatment of Prisoners 

Tribute of Mis.souri to Louisvilli' 

Tribute to Col. Knauss 

'I'ribute to Faithful Slaves 

'I'ribute to General Lee in Seattle 

•I'livner, Bill 



313 
457 
553 
316 
407 
210 

20 
, 124 
491 
497 
102 
401 
20J 

S3 
320 
15,"! 
454 



Under Sentence of Death. 
Union Officer's Comment . 



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V. Conunander. Indian Territory Division 2G1, 

V. Commander. Mis.souri Division 

V. at DeQueen. Ark 

V. at Lynchburg. \'a 

V. at St. Louis, Mo 

V. in Montana 

V. in Montgontery county. Miss 

^'. in Tennessee 

V^., Northwestern Division 121, 

V. Officers 

V. of Southwest Arkansas 

v., Forrest Camp Record 

C. Annual Convention 485. 

C. at B-ntonville. Ark 

C. at Camden. Ark 

C. at Denton, Tex 

Cat Gainesville. Fla 

C. at Norfolk. Va 

, C. Convention 243, 

C. Convention, North Carolina Division 

C. Convention, Northwest Division 

C. Convention. Texas Division 

C. Day at Monteagle, Tenn 

C, First Georgia Chapter 

C Flag to Helen Plane Chapter 

. C. Florida Division 

C. California 

, C. of San Francisco 

C .of Texas, Five Anniversaries 

C. in Ohio. Work of 

C. Officers Salaries 

. C. New Officers 

C. New Officers. Louisiana Division 

C. Papers Read at Montgomery 

C. v.. Correct History 

C. V. Department 301. 346, 398. 446, 492 

C. V. Divisions 

C. V. First Order New Commander 

C. V. General Order 

C. V. in Oklahoma 

C. y. in Parade 

C. V. in Washington. D. C 

C. V. Officers 

C. V. ot St. Louis 

C. V. New Commander 



157 
79 
31, 
159 
445 
324 
212 

It; 

21C 
246 
499 
502 
400 
394 

533 

166 
406 
341 

58 
305 
344 

14 

121 

5 

344 

247 

15 
275 
253 

7S 

70 

82 
393 

70 
247 

91 

54 
545 
242 
303 
214 

90 
303 
169 
241 
212 
303 



Veteran in California 309 

Vindicating Record of his Colonel 573 

Visit of the President to the South 4SS 

Wants to locate his "Johnnie" 125 

War Experiences at Ripley. Miss 262 

War Records for the Family 170 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar), 



War News 4iiS 

War Stories to Children 411S 

Weedon, L<ieut. Col. John ; 44;^, 

Welby. iMrs. Mary , ;J2G 

What a Fedi ral Did at Cold Harbor 4GJ 

NVhat Happened at Hampton Roads 268 

Wheeler's Cavalry Around Atlanta lH' 

Wliite People anil Negroes 4:^1 

Who Captured the Negro I'"'lag Iji; 

Who Stole the First Cnk-ken, C. S, A.? 417 

Williams's Kentucky Bri.i^ade 4(io 

With C.eneral Lei in the Old Army IC.T 

With Walthall at Nashville G6 

\\'ittieisms of Bisliop Wilmer 5]S 

Wolseley on American Wonn-n Ttiti 

Woman's Memories of the Sixties 1; I 

Wood. J. P L'ii1.:U7 

VanU Visits tile Soutli 125 

Viamgesl Conl'e<lerate Solilii^r 562 

Vciimgest "Son of a Veteran" 4!ti) 



ZolliiclT.i- H.ur:u-ks. 



22s. 313 



POKI'HY, 

.\ Lonely C.rave 456 

.\ Rose from Chancellors>-ille 22S 

A Soldier Tramp 24.S 

.\ Son's Tribute 5"n 

Bi'onze statue of Lee in Richmond . Ji;t 

Chickamauga L 41 

Christmas tlreeting 41 

Come Thou With Me 233 

Confederate Reimion ; 2S9 

Coniiuered 285 

Dixie 12s 

Fragments 367 

(jeniral Sterling I'ric- 508 

(_Trandma's I'^lour 501 

I lomesick 565 

La Battaile des Mouclu>ir 367 

Li'p at Lexington 59 

Lee to the Rear -. . . 221 

Little Giffen of Tennessee 273, 343 

Magnolia and Pine 247 

Memorial Day 327 

Memories of a Confederate Veteran 274, 552 

My Old Gray Jacket 40 

My Old Kentucky Home 221 

Old Way of Happy Days now Dead 16.'i 

Only a Private 33 

One of Forrest's rtlen 285 

guaulri'll's Call 51S 

Kiturn of the Flags 360 

SpiT'its Tinm<)rl:il • 1 

The Blue and not the Gray 451 

rhc Confederate Private 69 

The Confederate Note 246 

The Face of My Dead 37fi 

The First Martyr 42ii 

The Last Hymn 41 

The Lesson of Life 56 

The Motner's Offering : 506 

The Old Confederate Gray 364 

The Ohl Jolumv's Letter 131 

182 



The Parting Soul 444 

The Pride of Battery B 330 

Tile South Trie<l as by Fire 26S 

The Triumph of Davis 330 

To a Federal Colonel 417 

Tribute to Dr. Buist 276 

Tributf' to I'ather Ryan 7s 

Trilnite to Virginia si 

Wr Would Xo( l-^orget 272 

Winn Tliis Cruel War Is Over 331 

William Kenneth .McCoy 5)2 

ILU'STRATIONS. 

Ancestral Home of Mrs. Morgan 222 

Arkansas Confederate Monumeni 351 

Bate's Casket at the State Capitol 152 

Camp Morton Prison 265 

Children of Jeffi'r.son Davis 4G0 

<"hnrcli at Shiloh Time of Battle 442 

fonfederate Flag 509 

(Confederate Medal 5411 

Confederate Monument at Cheraw. S. C 11 

Confederate Memorial Services at Arlington 337 

Confederate Monmnent at Dyersburg. Tenn 342 

Confederate Monument at Montgomery. Ala 20 

Confederate Soldiers 2SS 

Daughters of Confederacy in .\rUansas 24 

Dedication of Momnnent at D.versburg 343 

Dedication of Monument at Hunts\-ille 539 

Design for Jefferson Da\-is Monuntent 313 

Dick r>owling Monument 407 

■^orrest Camp, Chattanoogii. at lyouisvllle 397 

Fort Negley in 1.S65 245 

General Lee Reviewing Parade at Louisville 346 

General Lee on Tr.aveler 49 

Group of Members. Camp No. 770. Los .\ngeles 329 

Group of Members. Young County Camp. Graham 14 

(Jeneral Jackson and Staff 232 

t^roup of Texas Division, V. D .C, at Waco 1 

Group, Executive Committee, Louisville 194 

Home of .Mr.s. Patterson at Winston. N. 1' 504 

Ljiying Cornerstone, Woman's Monument. Ahu'on. Ga 543 

Louisville Views: 

Boy.s' High School 201 

City Hall 1 9H 

Columbia Building 201 

Court House 203 

Custom House 199 

Gait Hou.se 197 

(Salt House. Kxterior and Lobby 241 

Girls' High School 203 

Louisville Trust Cotupany 197 

Masonic Biiililing 204 

Kentucky Blind School 203 

.Seelbach Hotel 201 

Shawnee I*a rk 197 

Union Depot 197 

Union Station 199 

"Lee to the Rear" in Bronze 12 

Letter by General (Jrant 21fi 

Maxwell House in 1S61-5 224 

Map of Shiloh Battle Field 438-9 

.Mi'uiorial Cup .• »''4 

Monmnent to Forrest at Memphis 385 

Monument to H. L. (Srinslead ■'Ofi 

Monument to Mosby's Men 511 

Mrs. I'orney-Smith. Mother, and (irandfather 349 

Ohl Voecomico Church 13 

C12 



(^opfederat^ l/eterai>. 



statue of General Gordon 24J 

.Standing Stone at Monti'rey 1S3 

Slate Capitol ■ ^'^ 

Stratfonl House 1 •' 

Tennessee River at I'ittsburg Landing ^41 

'i imes Building'. Xew Yorli City -J i i* 

L\ D. C. at Waxaliaehie 57 

I'nder liis Old J^'lag at Mt. Olivet 153 

rnveiling of .Monument at Slilloh 433 

\'i'-\v.s III LtMiis\illi- K'-uni(iii I':ir.nle 2SU 



L.AST ROLL. 



Adams. John . . . . 
Aills. Dr. \Vm.. 
.\lston, Thos. I'. . 
-Andrews. Col. C. 
.Anglin. J. C. . . . 
.\rnold. J. N . . . . 



.... .'. U 

.... L'41 

156 

27S 

.... :;T!) 

.... -Ulti 

134 

.... 135 

273 

.... S7 

.... 134 

Barrow, John 574 



Bailey, Chas. H . . 
Bailey. Geo. H . . 
Baird. Haj. ,1. T . . 
Baker, Jno. B . . . . 
I3angs. Steve. . . . 



Bate, Gen. Wm. B. 
Battle, Gen. C. A . . 
Battle. Judge X. W 
Baylor, Mrs. G. W 
Beasley, Jno. G . . . . 
Bennett, Mrs. .S. L. 

Bigstaff, M. E 

Black, Green 

Blaine, W. C 

Blount, David 

Boles, Calvin 



152 
31S 
5 1 B 
I7G 
3 (J 
27S 

31 a 

235 
424 
234 
517 



Booth. Moses 467 



Bouldin. Dr. H 

Bouldin, Miss Susie... 

Bowling, T. R 

Br.agonier, R. C 

Breckenridge, W. C. P. 

Brent, Wm. .\ 

Briiwn. Capt. B. T 

Brown, Col. J. \V 

Brown, M. X 

Brown, Jesse 10 

Biiist, Dr. E. S 



2S1 
2S1 
374 
234 
S4 
234 

•JOO 

576 
244 
467 
276 



Burger, Rich.ard 176 

Callan, M. V 176 

Campbell, Jos, F 467 

Campbell, Maj. T. C 516 

Carney. Jno. L 38 

Carter. E. K 235 

Cayce, E. B 322 

Chambers, W, J 575 

Clark, Capt. M 235 

Clinton, S. H 516 

Coleman, J. B 575 

Colquitt, Col. J. W 241 

Cooke, A. M 424 

Cooper, W. P 426 

Cox, Austin 179 

Crabb, Mi's. R. W 38 

Cummings, T. H 372 



Halgarn, Stephen S. 

r»arling. J. J 

Ilaugherty. Jas. N. . 
Doak, Dr. W. H . . . 

Doran. W. R 

Drake. S. C 

riudley, Bishop 



Dudwoody, Ma.1. C. .\ . 



. . . . 3S 

574 

176, 240 

467 

39 

136 

244 

320 



32(1 
323 



I^Mb', i;ov. J. P 

l^Ks;*\>WD 

iqPFarc^, G. V 283 

Edwards, W. H 234 

Elender, Jacob 467 



Fain, J. P 

Farinholt, Ma.i. \V. 1 1 . 

l-'aris. Dr. A. A 

Ferrara. Antonio 

Field, A. G 

Finle.v, Gen. J. J 

Finney. Wm 

Fleeman, J. M 

Florence, C. B 

Fly, G. W. L 



234 
23S 
3211 

36 
241 

37 
3"* 3 

40 
134 



Gay, Capt. W. L, 371 

Gilbert, Thos. H 86 

Gillenwater, J 237 

Godfrey, J, W 131 

Goodman, Duke 151 

Goree, MaJ. T. J 238 

Graybill, Rev. A. T 236 

Green, Gen. J. W 235 

Green. Gen. W. S 375 

Gregory, Capt. E. S r,7ii 

Griffith, Gen. J. S 136 

Hackney, Jesse E 179 

Hany, W. C 36 

Hale, N. M 319 

Halsey, Edw. L 240 

Hamilton, Jno. B 243 

Hardaway, Jno. T 236 

Hardaway, R. H 241 

Harrell, Capt. J. D 575 

Harris, Capt. F. S 177 

Hatfield, F. M 36 

Hatfield, Geo. W 40 

Haughton, Mrs. S. B 17!) 

Hazzard, Capt. W. M . . . . S4 

Henderson, J. B 466 

Henry, Capt. E. .M . . 424.513 

Herring. Wm. H 279 

Hill, Mrs. D. H 39 

Hooper, Jno. H 135 

Horner, MaJ. J. J 2 42 

Howell, Capt. E. P 426 

Hubbard, David 84 

Huffman, A. C 234 

Hughes, John 174 

Hulsey, J. W 460 

Hu.se, Maj. Caleb 243 



.lames. Jno. A 323 

Jenkins, Capt. J. H 516 

Jennings, Alex K 466 

Johnson, W. B 87 

Jones, Andrew J 36 

.Tones, Mrs. Applewhite... 576 

Jones, Israel 373 

Jones, J. H 174 

Julian, M. S 276 



Kearney, Capt. H. W..., 23S 

Keathley, Jerry 176 

Kelly. J. F 276 

Kell.\'. W. 321 

Kenney, Mike 319 

Kent. W. C 371 

Kincaid, W. G. W 136, 242 

Kindred ,Capt. E. T 39,85 

Lanibith. Jno. .M 237 

l.angston. Dr. A. N 322 

hartigue, C. E 279 

bee. Gen. Fitzhugh 280 

],ee. Miss Mildred C 318 

Leonard, David 234 

Lester, .Mrs .S. H 517 

Livingston, Jas. L 38 

Livingston, Capt. T. B.. 174 

Loflaud, Chas 176 

London, W. B 574 

Love, t/apt. J. E 135 

Lovett, J. A 375 

Lumpkin, Wm. J 279 

Lyen, E. W 513 

Mahoney, I. T 279 

.Major, R. W 40 

-Manson. Dr. H. \V 576 

-Marks, N. M 135 

.MeCallum, Capt. J. R. . . . 321 
.dcClanahan. Capt. B. F. . 38 

-McClellau. J. W 237,321 

McCormack, Dr. P. ,1 . . . . 156 

McCulloch, Thos. R 36 

McDonnell, Jno 322 

McDowell, Judge W. W.. 468 

McFadden, R. H . . . . 179 

McFall, Dr. A. C 370 

McGavock. Mrs. Caroline. 177 

McGhee. Hal 323 

McQuown. B. K 39 

Melton, Jas. A 234 

Mershon, M. L 174 

Miller, J. K 87 

Miller, Capt. M. A 175 

Miller, Capt. J 32(: 

Miller, Miss M. E 515 

Monroe. N. C S5 

Moore, Alfred G 238 

Moore, Rev. F. M 134 

Moore, Mrs. K. W 576 

Moore, H. C 323 

Moores, J. W 371 

MorKan, Maj. W. H 574 

Morris. Jas. .\ 466.516 

Nash, Col. C. A 240 

Neilson. Jas. C 244 

Nel.son. L. H 87 

Nettl.-s, R. H 373 

Newberry, Dr. T. L 319 

Nixon, Tho.s. G 515 

Norvell, O. B 425 

Norwood, Mrs. F. 1 517 

Nutzell, Conrad 86 

Odom. J .R 283 

O'Donnell, Jack 173 

O'Ferrall, Gov. C. T 514 

Old.s, Mrs. F. A 37 

Owen, Mrs. A. B 574 

Owens, J. T 283 

Ownhv. Jonathan W 36 

I'archnian, Jno. L 426 

Park. Mrs. S. S 424 

Patrick, Miss Sadie 84 

Patter.son, Capt. W. H... 236 

Peak, Capt. C. S 577 



Pearce, L. W 237 

Peddicord, K. 1" 466 

Perrin, .M. K 151 

Perrin, Maj. W. K 174 

Perrow, H. W 174 

Pettus, Dr. W. D 424 

Phillips, Mrs. \V. R 515 

Pitts, Capt. F. L 2SU 

Porter, Dr. R. B 575 

l'r.\or, \V. A 235 

I'tnlue.N', J. \\' 375 

Rapier. Col. .1. L 277 

Reagan, Hon. Jno. 11. . . . 154-5 

Rhett. Col. R." B 323 

Rich, S. D 85 

Robbin.s, Maj. W. .\1 373 

Roberts, Samuel 517 

Robinson. Jeri".\- 577 

Robin.son. .M;iJ. iX. T. N.. 39 

Russell, Milton 36 

Russell, M. N 276 

Scott, Ja». J 374 

Sellers, Capt. E. T 237 

Simp.son, J. B 136 

Sloan, Dr. J. T 279 

Smith, Jno. -■Augustus. . . . 36 

Smith, Jake F 23s 

Smith, Capt. H. H 236 

Smith, W. W 323 

Spencer, J. .\ 373 

Stafford, J. N 135 

Stainback, Rev. G. T 282 

Steele, W. C 321 

Stephenson, J. W 574 

Stevens, E. L 270 

Stigleman, Dr. C. M 277 

Stokes, Bradley T 13 4 

Stone. Gervis H 516 

Stone, Jas. J 235 

Stuckey, Augustus 36 

Svdnnr, .Mrs. A. E 27S 

Tate, Walter 36 

Tatham, J .F 514 

Taylor, J. M 277 

Taylor. Dr. R. K 277 

Taylor. Capt. W. H 237 

Temple, Dr. B. B 467 

Terrell. A. C 319 

Terrell, Wm 242 

Thomas, Gen. B. M 424 

Thompson, Robt 514 

Thorpe, Capt. S. R 517 

Tomlin.son, Jos. .\ 241 

Turner. Capt. G. R 516 

Vertner. Mrs. C. K 39 

Walke, Dr. F. A 318 

Ward, John Shirley 86 

Warmack. Dr, R. A 235 

Warner, W, A 176 

Watts, G. W. H 574 

Wat.son, A. S 242 

Wells, J, H 466 

West, p. M 321 

White, Jno. W 370 

Whitehead, Capt. J. T. . . . :'.9 

Whiteside, H. C 239 

Whittle. Elisha ' 37 

Wilkerson, W. C 135 

Wilson. H.^nry 322 

Wil.son. Thos. H 134 

Winston, Capt. J. M 283 

Winston. P. H 234 

Wood, C. H. F 279 

Wright, Capt. W. F 323 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap 



AUTilOI4S. 



T. 



Alleil. C. 

Allen. T. F 

Anderson, K. P 
A.shby, T. A.. 



H., H. A 

I!;uk'y. J. M 

I'.iuuly. .1. M 

Ilart(»n. Randolph... 

Ilattcn, R. X 

!'.('( .'^on. Jas 

liehan, Mrs. W. J. . 

lUrdson. J. C 

I'.rti'ki'nridge, (i. W 
I'.rittain. B. F 



lirtnva. \V. 
lironn. 'I'. 
Ilrook.'s. U. 
lirnniier. J. 
Ilnui.swiek. 
ItncU. S. n. . . 
liiitlir. N. K. 



C. 
L. 
R. 
II. 
A. 



r.-inipiicii. w. A :; 

l.'anlzon. Clia.s. E 

Carpenter. N. M 

J-arroll. V. V 

l^'urter. T. G 

I'arnther.s, W. G 

l^ason. Mrs. Jno. R.... 

Cheney. H. J 

Clay. H. B 

deyeland. Margaret C. 
I'lalborno. Mrs. M. E.. 
Cloptnn. Mrs. V. C. . . . 

Cole. C. M 

Collier. W. A 

r"ox. 'I'. U 

;"ook. V. Y 

Coab.v. (5<'o. B 

Cnlllns. G. T 

Cninmhij;'. Mrs. Iv. H. . 

(^^inninins's. C C 

Cmmnins. J. .\ 

Curl. .\ 

Oana. C. A 

Daniel. L. S 

i->anH'ron. E. H 

i">avenporl. J. S 

Davis. Mr.s. T. C 

Davis. Mrs. V. Jefferson . . 

Dawson. W. 1-^ 

Diaderieli. Dr. C 

I )eiloxn'na,\'. Col 

l>eSpain. Mrs. W. T 

Diinitry. John 

Dixon. Thos.. Jr 

Dodson. W. C 2i3, 

Dot.son. .]. W 

Duke. H. W 

Dunawa.v. J. M 

Dnndn.s. W. S 



41S 

JU 

35 

358 

SOS 
551 
256 
452 
270 
110 
247 
211 
415 
170 
22S 
360 
454 
247 
317 
..".11 
1 12 

. 4in 

1i; 

79 
226 
456 
506 
4 3I-. 

7 2 
40S 

61 
53'« 
262 

5 4 

18 

15 
HIT 
121', 
410 
314 

55 
122 



271 
369 



Eborhard. E. 
Edward.s. A. 
b^niannol, S. . 
Evans. C. A. 
Ev.'. V. E . 



Ill 
131 
4.S6 

33 
325 

30 
166 
412 
227 
457 
12:. 
440 

l.T 

265 

125 

225 

17 

376 

90 



b'nil. Philip II 4!I7 

I'Mlzgerald. Mrs. F. M.... 444 

I'Managan. W. A 123. 250 

Flood. F. W 4oS 

Fowlk.-s. .Tos. F 421 



H. 
J. 
B. 



W. . 

F. . . 

!■'... 
Dnke 
J. .\. 
s. ei . 
M. .. 
M. . . 



H. 



360, 



Garwood. G. B. 

Gerald, Florenei' 

Gibson, W, W. . 

Grabcr, 

Gracey, 

Grady. 

Goodman. 

Gi'anberry. 

Gram. Clia 

Grant. F. 

Grirtin. 1>. 

Greenwood. Albert . . . 

Grimih. F. M 

Gnlhrey. D. M 

(Iwin. Mrs. M. M 

lI.irbanKh .T. C 

13I.22,S. 247 
Harper. Mrs. F. J. . . . 

Ilarri.s, W. I) 

Herman. ]\1and V . . . . 
lleyward. .I;in'- .^ere\ 
Milliard. Mr..*. V. B. . 

Hollnian. F. G 

I lord. IT. E 

Hood. .Inn. J 



Jarreit, C F 

Jenkins. A. E 

Jenkins. J. \V 

Jett. W. A. I 

Jolmson. Re\'. Ji>s 

.Johnson. R. V 

Jolmson. W. P 

Jolmstitn. John 

Johnston. J. S. . 363. 391, 

.lones, n. W" 

Jones. J. \\' 



121 
172 
30S 
316 
566 
2S 
34 
4 13 
4I!J 
573 
553 



256 
267 

or 

41. 

420 
364 
226 
504 



Kearney. W. H . . 
Kemper. l.;ilrn \" 
Kini'annun. .I:is . . 



7S 

271 

.361 

551 

126 
315 

59 
251 
454 
457 
210 

2S 
B52 

'*7 
401 

6S 

512 
ISO 



Leathers. Jnn, II. 
Lee. Gen. S. 1). . . 
Lee, Cassanove G. 

Le.ster. J. H 

Little. T. C 

Lively. E. H 



. .. 209 
. . . 294 
60. 307 
66. 561 
. .. 159 
. . . 226 



c.alibell. Mrs. P.v: 
i;arrell. W. R. . . 



Long. W. M 491 

Lott. Jesse B 416 

Lowry. Robt 159 

Lmnpkin. Elizabeth 29.S 

.\laelean. Clara 1) 360 

Maim. .las. M 304 

Martin. J. H 417 

Martin. Judge 269 

Matlock. P. M 16S 

Mayes. R. B 330 

McAllister. \V. M 365 

McAllister. L. C 22 

McCann. Jas. M 171 

McCanne. Mrs. \*. Y 456 

AloCarty. W. T 459 

McGlashan. P. M 541 

Mclver. Evander 126 

McKlm. Rev. Randolpli II. 113 

Molvlnnon. Mrs. A. S. . . . 19 

MeLendoii, L 24 1 

MeLeod. Mrs. B. D 11 

McWhirter. G. I. C 462 

Meek. J. W 50 1 

Merrifleld. J. K 563 

Miller. Mrs. I''. M 305 

.Miller. .IK 417 

.Miller, .M, A 157 

Mills. Chas. H 407 



Minnieli. .1. W 22. Ill 

Minor. J. B 72 

MolTett. G. H 105. 449 

Montgomery. Mrs. V 534 

Moore. Jas. B 41S 

Moore, Mrs. K. W 326 

Morgan. A. S 353 

Morrison. J. G 229 

Morton. Mary Iv 417 

Neilson. T. H 497 

Xel.son. H. K 250 

Nicholson. A. O. P. . . . 111. 163 

.\ixon. \V. C 213 

North. Dr. A. C 16S 



Oekenden. Mrs. 1. .M. 
Drgain. Mrs. K. .\ ^, 
Osborne. Thos. D «^ 19". 
Overley .Milford..^" 
Owen. Com. T. M . . 

342. 346. 39S. 4Jil. I7J, 

Palmer. \V. H 

Park. R. E 

Penn. R. Haden 

Perry. II. H 

Perry. \V. Kemp 

Potts. J. N 

Porter. Jas. D 

Price. C. B 

Priehard. Mrs. W. B. . . . 



,'. I -. , 

232 

542 

219 

413 

562 

306 

4 42 

121 

274 



R.indali. Jas. R 83 

Randolph. .Mrs. J. 341.400.572 

Reid. Christian 503 

Rice. E. C 127 

Roilgeri?. S. D 570 

Rogers, Ja.s. R Hi 4 

Ro.gers. J. S 65 

Rone. Jnv). T 166 

Roy. T. B 71 



Salmon. II. \V . . 
Sau.ssey. G. W. 
Sea. Mrs. S. F. . 

Se.iy. \V. M 

Selm.an. \V. E. . 
Sims. M. W. . . . 

Sims. R. !•• 

Shannon. T- N . . 
Sliepherd. II. E. 



159 
33 
74 
164 
491 
253 
130 
458 
34 5 



Sinnotl. H. F 511 

Smitli. Bridges 272 

Smith. Mr-s. C. A. Forney. 249 
Smith. Jessica R... . 127.509 

Solari, Miss M 123 

Spann, S. 560 

Stradley. J. H aos 

Strange. \V. H 422 

Swift. Chas. J 273 

Tarrant. E. \V 66 

Teager, M. M 506 

Tench, Jno. \V 214. 32S 

Terry. F. G 161 

Thompson. Mrs. l-'rank.... 285 

Tliompson. Jno. R 221 

I'hompson. R. L 454, 571 

Imiston. G. P 254 

I'l.knor. F. 273 

r..||ry. W. P 255 

r\ |.-r. II. .\ 499 

Tyler. R. C 225 

Tyler. W. C 17 

Vest. Senator 26S 

Walker. Gen. C. 1 448 

Walker. Mrs. S. H 13 

Ward. John Shirley 455 

Washburn. W. A 27 

Watson. Mrs. S. H 6 

Weisiger. David J 285 

Weidemeyer. Mr.s. J. M.. 562 

West. Decca Lamar 272 

White. Mrs. .\. B 538 

Williams. B. J 310 

Williams. Mrs. F. McD.. 393 

Williams. J .W 294 

Wiliingham. J. W 394 

Wilson. S. F 438 

Wilmotb. Jacob V 561 

Winder. Mr.s. F. T 83 

Winder. Mrs. J. R 417 

Winston. W. E 253 

Wise. George 33 

Wright. A. 266 

Wroc, Mrs. M. J 443 



Yates. C. L. . . 
Young. B. B . 
Young. T. J. . 



463 

217.257. 564 
68 



PORTRAITS. 



.\dams. Mrs. W. C 64 

.\llin. Capt. John 177 

.\nderson. Col. Kollar. . . . 500 

Askew. Miss .Vnne J 330 

Averitt. Dr. J. B 369 



Bailey. Chas. H 

Bate. Gen. Wm. B 

Battle. Joel Allen 

Baugb. Mrs. W. P 

Baxter, Col. Jerre 

Beall. Gen. W. R. N 

Herr>'. Senator Jas. H. . . . 

Bouldin. Dr. H 

Bnxildin. Miss T.#ucii' T . . . . 
Breckenridge. Gen. Jno. C. 

Urittain. Dr. B. F 

Brown. Mart 

Brown, lion. Tully 

Buchanan. Admiral F. . . . 

Buckner. Gen. S. B 

Bnrger. Richard 



134 
153 
254 
71 
182 
128 
541 
282 
250 
257 
306 
244 
445 
125 
202 
176 



Carney. Capt. J. L. . . 
Cb.idwell. Mi.ss Kate 
Cheatham. Gen. B. F 
Chalaron. Gen. J. A . . 
Cheney. Miss Leonora 
Claiborne. Mrs. M. E 
Clark. Mildred Lee.. 
Clark. Judge Walter. 
Cole. Miss Alice Y. . . 
Cole. Miss Katie.. 1st 

Coleman. J. B 

Conrad. Capt.ain 

Cook. Varina Davis. . 
Cooper. Miss Annie F 
Currie. Mrs. K. C 



Daffan. Miss Katie. 

Davis. Jeffer.son 

Dickinson. L. T 

Dozier. Dr. O. T. . . . 
Dudley. Bi.shop 



Calif. Mrs. J. F 1st p. June 

Carmack. E. W 473.522 



Edwards. Ma.i. G. V. 
Emmett. Daniel T>.. 
Estill. Col. J. H 



38 
211 
128 
460 
440 

61 
393 
104 
346 
June 
576 
220 
352 
316 



5 

580 

394 

91 

24 4 

283 

97 

181 



QoFjfederat^ l/eterap 



Hvaiis. Miss Lucy. 
Kvaiis. tfarali Lee. 
Kvans. Col. M. L. 
Ewing, K. W. R... 

Faris. Ur. A. A . . . 
Field. Capl. A. G. 
Fitch, Ur. \V. B... 

Fly. G. W. 1 

Foster. Miss Mary t 
Frazirr. Miss Julia D 



GabbcU. Mrs. S. E. . 
Gaiennii'. Capt. Frank 

Gay, Capl- W. L 

Gordon. Gen. G. W. . 
Gracey. Capt. F. P. . . 
Green. Wm. Seniple . . 
Gregory. Capt. Edward 
Griffin. P. M . . 
Griffith, Gi-n. J. 



254S Jt'r\'fy. Judgt' T. 1) 

345 .Inhnson. Mi.ss Annie 

61 Jcilinson, Col. Benj. I.... 

SS liihiisfin. Col. Thus 

Johnston. Albert Sidney.. 

32(1 Johnston. Jos. E. . . . 7. S7 

:i41 Jonas, Maj. S. A 

469 Jonas. Miss Annie Lowe.. 

235 Jones. Mrs. K. P 

32u Jordan. Mi.'ss Gray Blanelie 
544 



471 
260 
3U6 
498 
122 
122 
246 
275 
34r> 
312 



Haldeman. Miss 
Kaldeman. \V. X 

II:ilr. X. .M 

ftill. VV^^I U. M. 
illon. .Mis S. \V 

I l.nii:iiiuli, r C. . . . 

Hardee. G'ti. \V. J. . 
Harris, Capt. F. S. . 
Harris. Miss Violet. 
Harrison. Miss Daisy 
Harrison. Dr. W. C . . 
Haughton. Mr.s. S. B 
Hayes. Mrs. M. H. D 
Hendenson. Mrs. L. G 
Henry. Gen. E. M. . . . 
Herndon. Miss Franc'.^es 
Heuser, Mrs. Henry . . 
Hickman. Mrs. Jno. P 
Horner. Maj. J. J. . . . 
Howell, Capt. Evan P 

Hunt, Dr. V. V 

Hunter Alcvander. . . . 
Huse, Ma.i, Caleb 

Jackson, Andrew, Jr. 
Jeffer.son, Joseph .... 
Jetton, Capt. C. W. . . 



1 
1 

2r.3. 

309 
309 
17!1 
14.j 
529 
513 
202 
201 
211 
242 
426 
90 
246 
243 

329 

20s 

15 



Ivincaid. G. \V. G 242 

King, J. W 15 

Lake. A. C 59 

Lake. Capt. L 59 

l ,.irig (■ . 1. D. B i:io 

T. J 390 

Leaell^^^^^lsie L 302 

E 53 

ind Gordon. . . 580 

Gen. Fitzhugh 2S0 

Gen. Stephen D 2S4 

hers, Capt. Jno. H. . . 209 

Wm. B 73 

Capt. J. H 66 

Miss Lila.. 1st p. June 

^liss Mary Louisr-. . 211 

213 

ILss Elizabeth. 29.S 

~-l-<mjpkin. W. J 279 

Marrast, Coj^^Bc 162 

Jeri^^^^ 

Ma.Ja|^^^^^PF. 

MeCli^H^^T^ W 321 

MeCo^^^General 177 

McConnell, Mrs., and chil- 
dren 311 

McCormick, Dr. P. J 156 

McCuUoch, Col. Robt.... 35 

McDonnell, John 322 

McDowell, Judge 4fi.S 

McEwen, Jno. L 161 

McFall, Dr. A. C 370 

McGavock. Mrs. Caroline. 17S 

MeKim, Dr. R. H 113 

MePherson. Ernest 306 

Mill.r, Mrs. F. W 305 




Mill.;r, J. K 

Miller, Capt. M. A. . . 
Montgonier.v, Miss G . 
Montgotnery, Mrs. \'ietor 

Monroe, N. C 

Moore. Alfred G 

Moore. Mr. and Mrs. T 

Moores. J. W 

Morgan, Col. A. S 

Morris, Jas. A , 

Morris. Sergt. J. W. . . 
Morton, Capt. Geo. C. 
Munnerlyn, Miss Olivi: 



Na.sh, Col. C. A 

S'eale, Walter 

Norton, Capt. Geo. C. 
Norwood, Mrs. F. I. . . 



Gates, Gen. W. C. . . . 

Ochs. Adolph S 

O'Ferrall. Gov. C. T . . 

Olds. Mrs. F. A 

Osborne. Miss Julia . . 
Osborne, Thos. D. . . . 
Owen, Hon. Thos. M. 



Parrish. Mrs. L. Kirby 

Peak, Capt. C. S 

Peek, Nannie King... 

Peddicord, K. F 

Perkins, Uncle Jeri-y . 

Perrow, H. W 

Phillips, Mrs. W. R. . 

Pitts, Hon. F. L 

Polk, Gen .Leonidas . . . 

Porter, Dr. R. B 

Prichard. Mrs. W. B . . . 



Randolph. Mrs. Janet. 
Rather. Miss Elizabeth 

Rapier, Col. J. L 

Reagan, Hon. Jno. H. 
Renaud. Gordon Burr . 
Reynolds, Miss Lela. . 

Ri:)binson, Jerr.v 

Rogers, Miss Caroline. 
Rugeley, Capt. E. S. . . 

Russell. Col. E. L 

Russell, M. N 



87 
175 
341 
535 

85 
238 

16 
371 
354 
516 

15 
287 
461 

240 

, 472 

287 

517 

470 
57S 
, 514 
37 
242 
205 
30 3 

S8 
577 
244 
466 
422 
174 
515 
280 
12s 
575 
391 

4011 
325 
277 
, 207 
496 
494 
577 
460 
465 
180 
276 



.^ale, Mrs, V. M 247 

Sahnon, Harvey W 214 

Sanders, Major D. W.... 252 

Scarborough, Miss 259 

Scott, J. J 374 

Semnies, Raphael 580 

Sheehan, Will T 549 

Shipp, Gen. J. F 394 

Sinnolt. Miss Elizabeth.. 256 
Smith, Capt. H. H . . 
Smith, Miss Mary H 

Smith, O. R 509 

Smith. W. W 

Sorrel. Gen. E. M . . 

Spencer, J. A 

.Stephens, Hon. A. H 



236 

273 

509 

... 323 

... 469 
... 373 
125,310 

Stainback, Rev. G. T 282 

Stoke-s, Bradley 503 

Stone, Jno. B 215 

.Swift, Miss Lena.. 1st p. June 
Sydnor, Mrs. Annie E..., 278 

Taulman, F. A 16 

Taylor, R. L 472. 521 

Terrell, A, C 319 

Terry, Miss Mary Louise. 251 
Thompson. Miss Margaret. 274 

Thomas. Gen. B. M 425 

Thruston. Gen. G. P. . 255. 563 
Trantham. Miss Ada 1... . . . 299 



Walke. Dr. F. A 

Watson. Mrs. S. H. . 
Ward, John Shirley.. 

Webb, Ben R 

Weigle, Miss Nell 

Weidemeyer, Mrs. J. M 
Wheeler. Miss Carrie P 
Whiteside, Henry C... 

Wiley, C. M 

Wilson, Miss Addie F. 

Winder, Mrs. F. T 

Winston, Capt. J. M. . 

Wood, J. P 

Woodberry, S. B 



Vance.w lion. W. L, 
Voun.^:. Bennett H. . 



318 
6 

86 
520 
495 
562 
200 
239 
542 
213 

82 
283 
317 
564 

125 
261 



Vol. 13 



NASHVIIvI^E, TBNN., JANUARY, 1905 



No. I 



Qopfederate l/eterap 



Comforting Sentiment Concerning the "Spirits Immortal" 



(Rkpi 



>M Vktkhan for AuarsT. ItKM. Ske PaokSAH, with Note in Brackkts. 1 



"You think of the dead on Christmas Eve, 

Wherevcl- the dead are sleeping, 
And we, from a land where we may not grieve 

Look tenderly down on your weeping. 
You think us far; we are very near, 

From you and the earth though parted. 
We sing to-night to console and cheer 

The hearts of the broken-hearted. 
The earth watches over the lifeless clay 

Of each of its countless sleepers. 
And the sleepless spirits that passed away 

Watch over all earth's weepers. 
We shall meet again in a brighter land 

Where farewell is never spoken i 



We shall clasp each other hand in hand. 

And the clasp shall not be broken ; 
We shall meet again in a bright, calm clime, 

Where we'll never know a sadness. 
And our lives shall be filled, like a Christmas chime, 

With rapture and with gladness. 
The snows shall pass from our graves away, 

And you from the earth, remember; 
And the flowers of a bright, eternal May 

Shall follow earth's December. 
When you think of us, think not of the tomb 

Where you laid us down in sorrow ; 
But look aloft, and beyond earth's gloom. 

And wait for the great to/morrow," 




GROUP OF TEXAS DIVISION, UNITED DAUGHTERS Of THE CONFEDERACY, WAXAHACHIE, DECEMBER, 1904. 



Confederate l/eterai?. 



% 



READ a"^ HEED ! 

A Last Opportunity to secure at a 
Bargain a Set of 

Rise and Fall of the 
Confederate Government. 




jEFFEKso.v DAVIS, PKEs. BY PRESIDENT JEFFERSON DAVIS. 

'^T'HERE has just been purchased by the Veteran the pubUshers' 
^^ entire edition of Mr. Davis's " Rise and Fall of the Confederate 
Government." Tiiis closing out sale is comprised entirely of 
the half-morocco binding, with marble edges, and published for $14 
per set. The purchase of this entire stock was on such favorable 
terms that the Veteran will supply them at half price, the cost of 
transportation added — $7.65. The two volumes contain over fifteen 

iinndred pages and thirty-seven fine steelengravings and map plates. When this edition is exhausted, copies of these 
first prints can be procured only through speculators at fabulous prices. 

This book is famous in many ways. Through generations of the future it will be accepted as the authentic history 
of the South ill the crisis of the sixties. No other will assume to rival it. Argument in behalf of its inestimable value 
is useless. _ From every aspect it is as noble as is its dedication: "To the Women of the Confederacy." 

This entire edition is offered as follows; For fifteen subscribers to the Veteran the two volumes will be sent free to 
any address in the United States. This great work will be sent to subscribers who cannot procure new subscriptions 
for $7 and cost of mailing or express ($7.65). Camps of A'cferans and Chapters of Daughters of the Confederacy can 
easily secure the fifteen subscribers and get this book for their librarv. Name in gold, 3c; cents extra; net, $S. 



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QDpfederate l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED jMONTHLY IX THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERA'tK VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Kntered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Contributors are requested to use only one side of the paper, and to abbrevi- 
ate as much as practicabli-. These sugj^estions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the Veteran cannot un* 
<Jertake to return them. Ailverlising rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month bi-forr' it ends. For 
Instance, if the A'eteran is ordered to begin with January, tlie date on mail 
list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



The r/77/ war was too long ago to be called the latr war, and when cor- 
respondents \ise that term *' "War between the States" will be substituted. 

The terms " new South" and *' lost Cause" are objectionable to the Veteran. 



OFFICIALLY REPRESEXTR: 

t'NiTED Confederate Veterans, 

I'NiTED Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Vf.terans, a-.;d Other Organizations, 

Confederated Southern Memor.al Association. 

The Veteran is approved and indorsed officially by a Larger and more 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in esistence. 

Though men deserve, they mav not win success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Price. $1.(10 per Year. I Vr>i VTII 
«iNoi.E Copy. 10 Cents, f *"''• -^i"- 



NASHVILLE, TENN., JANUAKY, 1905. 



»j„ 1 1 S. A. CrNNINGHAM. 
^' ) Proprietor. 



CONVENTION TEXAS U. D. C. AT IVAXAHACHIE. 

The memorable convention of the Texas Division, U. D. C, 
in Waxahachie will long have associated with it an illustra- 
tion of what a great-hearted, loyal people can do. During the 
four days there was no evidence that cominercialism domi- 
nated a single person. True, the sentiment of the people was 
th(»roughly with the cause for which the noble women are 
laboring. 

There are some remarkable facts in the history of that 
section. In 1870 Waxahachie, the county seat of Ellis County, 
had a population of 800; now it has 8,000. The deposits in 
the banks of the county amount to $3,500,000. Unimproved 
land in 1897 was worth $3 or $4 per acre, and improved $10 
to $12; now wcll-iniprnvcd farms can be sold for $100 per 




MISS KATIE DAFFAN. 



acre. Waxahachie has long been the largest cotton market 
from the wagons in the world. In 1894 Ellis County raised 
120,000 bales, and Waxahachie handled 65,000 from wagons. 
Last year the county raised 108,000 bales, and Waxahachie 
got 34.000. Since 1894 other strong cotton market towns in 
the county have curtailed the receipts of Waxahachie. This 
year the cotton crop of Ellis County will be over 130,000 bales 

Miss Katie Daffan, the President, was all the more happy 
officially and personally, as it was in her home county of Ellis. 
Much zeal was manifested in behalf of delegates, who were 
untiring in their efforts to achieve the best results. 

Many telegrams of greeting were received during the con- 
vention, one from Mrs. John P. Hickman, Secretary of the 
general organization ; and Miss DafTan, the President, sends 
a copy of a telegram received after the adjournment of the 
convention from the wife of the President of the Confederate 
States in response to a loving greeting sent her by the Daugh- 
ters of Te.xas : 

"New York, N. Y., December 10, 1904. 

"Miss -Katie Daffan, Waxahachie, Tex.: Thanks and much 
love to my husband's friends and mine own. 

V. Jefferson Davis." 

The most conspicuous feature of the convention of Texas 
Daughters was unity and zeal to establish, as fully as pos- 
sible, correct history. All else was most worthily made sub- 
servient to that. Illustrations by Mrs. Orgain, in quoting 
from ultra-partisan books and magazines of the North, gave 
intense emphasis to the importance of counteracting for truth 
and for the good of the country, as fully as practicable, these 
wicked falsehoods. In calmly meditating ujwn these things, 
it is evidently fair and just to bear patiently with Northern- 
ers who know of the South only through such wicked per- 
versions of facts. To print these quotations would astound 
many people in the South and arouse them as nothing ever 
has to active promulgation of the truth. With such misrepre- 
sentations as quoted it is hardly to be wondered at that 
charitably disposed people at the North give so lavishly, and 
all to one side of the race issue, against their own blood her- 
itage. An illustration is here given in regard to Northern 
histories by a young gentleman, yet a college student, who is 
spending the winter in Florida with his family, and who has 
recently been reading the Veteran. He writes the editor: 
"I wish to thank you for several copies of the Confederate 
Veteran. I have read all of them from cover to cover, and 



Qopfederate Ueterap, 



enjoyed tliem extremely. I like very much the whole tone 
of your periodical. You in the South cannot be blamed for 
feeling indignant at the limited amount of space wliich is 
given your soldiers and statesmen by historians. I observed 
this fact when studying the history of the United States, 
but supposed, of course, you used in your schools histories 
written by SoiTthemers." 

HisTCRiAN Mrs. S. H. Watson's Report. 

In making her third annual report as Historian of the 
Texas Division. U. D. C, Mrs. S. H. Watson, of Waxahachie, 
gave a retrospect of the work, and was most complimentary 
to her predecessor. She claimed two important requisites for 
herself — "steady, persevering energy and a keen sense of 
duty." In the language of her report she states : 

"My effort has been to lead the Chapters month by month 
through the years of 1861, 1862, and 1863. We commenced 
with the startling events that proved to be the tocsin of war 
and desolation in our beautiful land. From Lincoln's procla- 
mation and the fall of Sumter we came to war in reality, 
and discussed the thrilling battles of 1861 and 1862 until we 
reached the decisive Gettysburg, the turning point in the his- 
tory of our beloved Southland. 

"I led the Chapters through a course of colonial study, be- 
ginning when were first applied the distinctive appellations 
of North and South, the small cloud no larger than a man's 
hand that foreshadowed the future storm. We followed this 
as it lowered and widened over the political heavens and 
finally burst in its fury, sweeping away peace, love, and unity. 
We have walked together with Alexander Stephens round 
about the Declaration of Independence, talked of the great 
Southern statesman who wrote and, with many other Southern 
men, fearlessly placed his signature to this masterpiece of 
pure patriotism and eloquence drawn from between the covers 
of the Bible; from thence to the Constitution of 1781 and 
the revised one of 1787 on to the rights and sover.eignty of 
the State as held by the South in 1861. In a word, I have 
endeavored to fasten, especially upon the minds of the younger 
. generation, the important part the South took in the forma- 
tive period of the nation. We should know these things to 
properly appreciate the fact that we are born Southern women ; 
and to be Daughters of the Confederacy is our birthright, 
from which we must not lightly part for a mess of pottage, 
for it is an inheritance that comes to us through anguish, 
desolation, and the blood of brave men. It gives us an in- 
alienable right to cherish memories of our heroic dead. 

"O, how many of them were so young when they set out, 
and so full of the fire and vigor of youth! Almost every 
State recalls with tender pride a Sam Davis, a David O. 
Dodd, a John Pelham, a Dick Dowling, and a host of others 
who gave up life rather than sacrifice personal honor and 
who fell in the din of battle or did deeds of wonderful daring. 
These are all gone, and we have only the memory of them 
and their graves. But some of our veterans, the living rem- 
nant of the grandest army in the annals of history, are with us 
yet and claim our reverence and care. Let us earnestly seek 
to cheer and make comfortable their declining years and give 
them their true place in Southern history. 

"In addition to this course of study I have for the past two 
years arranged the programmes for the auxiliaries, the first 
year by request of President Mrs. Cone Johnson and the past 
year in compliance with a similar request from Mrs. Moore 
Murdoch, the chairman of the auxiliaries. In this connection 
I would recommend to be used by the auxiliaries a war cate- 



chism arranged by Mrs. Stone, of Galveston. I believe the 
adoption of this catechism by the leaders of the auxiliaries as 
the basis of their historical work with the children would 
interest and insure a very satisfactory result. 

"This year Veuve J. Davis Chapter, of Galveston, Bene- 
dctte E. Tobin Chapter, of Palestine, the Navarro Chapter, 
of Corsicana, the Oran M. Roberts Chapter, of Houston, and 
the Bell County Chapter, of Belton, take the lead in reporting, 
and deserve special mention in the order in which I have 
named them. Mrs. Margaret Watson, of the Galveston Chap- 
ter, has written me a letter every month during the year, con- 
taining not only a report of her work but friendly sympathy 
and beautiful thoughts. 

"Mrs. Price, of Palestine, Mrs. Emerson, of Corsicana, Mrs. 
Steele, of Houston, and Mrs. Hughes, of Belton, assure me 
that interest in historical study in their Chapters is growing 
most encouragingly. The Oran M. Roberts Chapter, of Hous- 
ton, met during the summer months and continued their study 
of the programmes. Mrs. Hughes reports the Belton Chap- 
ter and the reference books used by the Chapter. Mrs. Steele, 
of Houston, suggests, as a solution of the book problem that 
has arisen from the difficulty in securing suitable reference 
books, that I select some history, and use that alone in arran- 
ging the questions on the monthly programmes. She thinks 
that to secure one history would be within the reach of the 
Chapters. I have made it a rule to adopt suggestions when 
it is possible, and I am convinced that they will work for the 
betterment of the cause. While I approve Mrs. Steele's sug- 
gestion, I note that for the past two years I have taken my 
subjects and questions almost entirely from Jefferson Davis's 
work, the "Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government," 
with an occasional one from the Confederate history of the 
War between the States and the common school histories ; 
also, in selecting what I term additional questions. I used last 




MRS. S. H. WATSON. 



Qoi)federate Ueteraj). 



year Curry's "Southern States of the American Union," and 
this year I have used no other than Alexander Stephens's 
work, "The War between the States," and I do not think I 
could make a belter selection. I have expressed a willing- 
ness to send copies of answers when it was so desired, and this 
I have done in many instances. 

"I would say a word in exoneration of the seeming remiss- 
ness of State historians in sending reports this year. I am 
quite sure the historians have been faithful and have carried 
the work on. In fact, under the fine leadership of competent 
and enthusiastic women this historic part of the U. D. C. 
which is so important, has grown to such an extent that now 
I am proud to say that it is easier to recount the Chapters 
who do not follow my programmes than those who do. and 
I feel that along this line a good foundation has been laid 
during the past three years for the perpetuation of this 
organization. 

"I sent out the contest that resulted in this evening's pro- 
gramme early in the spring, and the closing days of Septem- 
ber brought in the last of the manuscripts responsive to the 
cali. There were several new contestants this year, and I 
am glad to introduce two names that have never before 
appeared on the programme. The play founded on an inci- 
(Unt of the war properly belongs to last year's programme; 
but failing to get it staged in Houston, I reserved it for this 
occasion. This convention should be proud of its literary 
evening, because it is unfolding a wealth of interesting war 
incidents, developing Southern patriotism, and bringing to 
the front the literary efforts of many bright women of Texas." 

Additional reports, including the list of new officers and a 
finer picture than that on our front page, are to appear later. 



About New Words to "Dixie." — Col. G. N. Saussy, of 
Hawkinsville, Ga., one of the committee appointed by Gen. 
S. D. Lee to assist the committee of the U. D. C. in selecting 
suitable words to adapt to the air of "Dixie," requests tho?< 
having copies of such poems to furnish him with duplicate- 
at as early a date as practicable, that he may be in position to 
discharge this duty intelligently. 



"THE OLD SOUTH." 
A little book bearing the above title was issued from the 
Nashville Methodist Publishing House just before the Christ- 
mas holidays. With its memories of the Old South the holi- 
days are peculiarly freighted. It is beautifully printed and 
bound, and there are interspersed characteristic pictures from 
the scenes and persons commemorated. The author is the 
widely known Sunday school trainer. Dr. H. M. Hamill, whose 
addresses from the platform and writings in books and papers 
have been heard and read by many thousands. To most of 
these it is doubtless known that he was an Alabama boy, and 
as a mere lad served in the closing days of the Confederacy 
under Gen. I.ee. In this little book he tells: "I was born in 
and of the Old South. Whatever is good or evil in me I 
owe chiefly to it. Habit, motive, ideal, ambition, passion and 
prejudice, love and hatred, were formed in and by it. The 
spell it cast upon my boyhood is strong upon me after more 
than a generation is gone." And then, with a heart full of 
love for his theme, the writer through the eighty vivid, beau- 
tiful, and tender pages sets forth the Old South as he saw 
and heard it before the last great tragedy of its history came. 
Historically, socially, educationally, politically, and religiously 
the book carries us back to the unique days and persons of 
ante-bellum memory, making it all very real to those of us 
who were a part of the times. 



But while the book deals in memories, it has a vital rela- 
tion to present-day problems, and discusses some of these in 
mosf forcible fashion, especially the problem of the negro and 
the place of the South in current nati'onal politics. The little 
book is a strong and peculiarly timely one, and the Veteran 
commends it to the living who lovingly cherish the memories 
set forth by it, as well as to the younger generation by whom 
the Old South should be clearly understood. 

In connection with this interesting publication is the fact 
that another minister, Rev. George A. Lofton, a widely known 
and popular author, wrote a book just about the same size 
as Dr. Hamill's, entitled "The Old South in Verse," and paid 
his respects with it to the Vetek.\n. Just as the Hamill book 
came from the press Dr. Lofton read the book and wrote the 
Veteran : "You asked me to read Dr. Hamill's little book, 
'The Old South," and give you my opinion. I read it at one 
silling. It is just as I would write it had I the same ability 
and inspiration. It is a conservative, but strong and vigorous, 
presentation of the subject discussed, and exceedingly com- 
prehensive for the short space occupied. I regard it as a very 
valuable little book, preserving in vivid form the material, 
intellectual, social, political, and religious aspects of the Old 
South, and it ought to be in the hand of every Southerner, 
especially the young Southerner." 

This "Old South," by Dr. Hamill, will be furnished by the 
Veteran for twenty-five cents, or free to any subscriber who 
will send a new subscription in renewing. Get it promptly. 

"JOHNSTON'S NARRATIVE." 

The Veteran has just procured from some publishers and 

jobbers the entire stock of Gen. Joseph 

E. Johnston's history of his part in the 

, ^ Confederate war, known as "Johnston's 

^L^ j| , Narrative." It is in both bindings, 

r' ^ \ sheep and morocco, and will be sup- 

i>licd by the Veteran at half the list 

'/ prices— the $5 work for $2.50, and the 

$6 for $3. No Southerner's library will 

be complete without this work and 

"The Rise and Fall of the Confederate 

Government," this entire stock being 

owned also by the Veteran and supplied at half the list price 

of $14 — $7 for both volumes, postage or expressage sixty-five 

cents added. 




ABOUT AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE VETERAN. 

In response to inquiries concerning the Southern Mining, 
Milling, and Development Company, now being advertised in 
the Veteran, the statement is made that the property of this 
company is in a gold-producing section of Colorado in the 
immediate vicinity of a number of rich dividend-paying mines. 
The management is by men known to be honorable, who stand 
high in business circles, and enjoy the confidence of the com- 
munity in which they reside. The Veteran has implicit faith 
that the management will deal in utmost good faith. 

The company has men at work driving the Robf. E. I.ee 
tunnel into the heart of McClelland Mountain, where other 
men have found gold in paying quantities, and it is but reason- 
able to suppose that this tunnel will cut veins as rich as any 
that have yet been found. 

While the prospects for this company are most flattering, 
the Veteran does not advise on the subject either to buy or 
sell, but makes the above statement in response to many ques- 
tions. It is understood that Bradstreet's Mercantile Agency 
at Nashville, Tcnn.. has made a commendatory report on this 
company and its affairs. 



8 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



Confederate l/eterap. 

S- A CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building", Nashville, Tenn. 

This puhlicatiop is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benetits as an org^an for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

THE VETERAN NOW IN ITS TEENS. 

With this number the Confedekate Veteran begins its 
thirteenth jear. It is occasion for expression of gratitude 
beyond the ability of its founder. Meditation upon the subject 
recalls a large multitude of cooperators who have finished 
their work and laid their burdens down. They have answered 
''the roll call up yonder." Ah, how many, many Christian 
patriots did their duty faithfully to the end ! 

The editor will be pardoned for the boldness to assert in 
this connection that, actuated by the highest motives for life 
and eternity, he has done his very best to make the publication 
as fully as possible all that its exalted name implies. While 
to err is human, he has no apology for any sentence ever pub- 
lished in its pages so far as motive was concerned. He pleads 
for the cooperation in the future. 

As there happens to be in his desk at this writing an ac- 
ceptable story of the Veteran by a careful contributor, 
which was not intended for use in its pages, the impulse 
controls to print it, as no other class of persons is quite so 
much interested. It is designated as a "History of the CoN- 
l-EDERATE Vetekan," treating of its origin and achievements 
during twelve years. 

It is well known that high-class magazines have not suc- 
ceeded in the South as they have in the northern and eastern 
rarts of the country. Many repeated efforts have been made ; 
but the only Southern magazine which has survived for more 
than a brief season is the Confederate Veteran, published 
in Nashville, Tenn. It was founded by S. A. Cunningham. 

The Veteran represents a distinctive branch of thought and 
of endeavor, and has long ceased to be an experiment, having 
completed a dozen years of successful service. For these 
twelve years it has never missed an issue, and for a decade 
its circulation has been large. 

Apart from the historic value and sentiment associated with 
the Veteran, it is of general interest to note something of the 
conception and growth of a publication which stands alone 
in its peculiar field, which leads all other like publications, 
and which, by the persistent efforts of one man, has become 
a potent force in the field of Southern literature. So strong, 
indeed, is it that the circulation of the Veteran has extended 
beyond the area that inspired it, and is finding a foothold 
in the North, especially among the men of the Union army 
who bore their part in that great historic conflict of the 
sixties, the influence of which is certainly doing, great good. 

Conception of the Veteran. 

The conception of the Veteran was not, after all, an enter- 
prise — it was rather an evolution, and its beginning was sur- 
rounded by no fixed resolve to "establish a magazine," but 
rather to serve a specific purpose. 

Immediately after the death of President Davis the South- 
ern Press Association began the movement to erect a monu- 
ment to him. The president of the Association — at the head 
of the Nashville American, now Judge J. W. Childress, of 
Nashville — at a meeting of the directors in Atlanta proposed 
that S. A. Cunningham be employed as agent to travel in the 



South and enlist public interest in the memorial. This was 
without the application or even the knowledge of Mr. Cunning- 
ham. He accepted the assignment, however, and soon sums 
of money were paid to him whereby a much greater responsi- 
bility was incurred than he had anticipated. Being under no 
bond and free from technical restraint, he became impressed 
with the necessity for specific public acknowledgment of all 
funds received, and hence resolved to print the record on his 
own account. 

The form of publication and the name were instinctive, 
and the first issue was exactly similar to all that have suc- 
ceeded, beginning with that of January, 1893, save that the 
number of pages have been increased. 

From this beginning to its present firm place in the world 
of periodicals the Veteran has progressed steadily. Com- 
munications for its columns are supplied from every part 
of tlie South and from many Union veterans at the North. 
A multitude of events in the lives of ex-Confederates of 
interest and of value to the public have appeared in the 
Veteran, and rarely does a well-known Southern life "cross 
over" but has its requiem beautifully and appropriately re- 
corded in the Veteran. 

The Last Roll 

is a department devoted exclusively to this purpose. The 
illustrations and portraits found here, as well as in all parts 
of the magazine, are a distinctive feature, and many are well 
worthy of separate preservation. The term "Last Roll," 
originating in the Veteran, has become quite national, minis- 
ters using it in pulpit and Congressmen applying it as well 
in sacred records at the Capitol. 

But the living too have place in the Veteran. The past 
does not claim its attention to the exclusion of the present. 
Mr. Cunningham endeavors to keep in touch with all the State, 
as well as the general, organizations bearing the name Con- 
federate. The Veteran is the more strengthened in being the 

Official Representative of More than Two Thousand 
Camps of Veterans and Sons of Veterans, Chapters of Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy, and the Confederate Southern Me- 
morial Association, representing over fifty thousand members. 

This founder of the Veteran has directed its every issue, 
and has been courageously faithful to its every duty during 
this long period of years. Thrilled by the widespread and 

Unstinted Commendation of the Southern People, 
he has performed peculiar duties to the extent of his ability, 
and the success of the Veteran causes inexpressible grati- 
tude and the determination to press on with vigor to the end. 

A Larger and a Broader Field. 

The Veteran has been confined mainly to the Southern peo- 
ple, but should be better known among those who served the 
Union while Confederate history was being made. Many Grand 
Army statesmen have been patrons of the publication through- 
out its history, and show a most cordial friendship for it. 

The Veteran is not a financial venture, not a "money- 
making enterprise ;" but it is engaged in a sacred work, and 
the cordial cooperation of all liberal-minded patriots in the 
United States is most earnestly sought. 

It is well to remember that the publication of the Veteran 
is very expensive and that each copy must bear its part. Re- 
cently a subscriber had changed his office and failed to 
receive his copy. This he explained in remitting, but added : 
"I am not willing for the Veteran to lose it." 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



FLORIDA CONFEDERATE REUNION. 

The fourteenth annual encampment of the Florida Di- 
vision, U. C. v., met at Ocala November i, 1904. Adjt. Gen. 
Fred L. Robertson called the Veterans to attention. 

The Daughters of the Confederacy opened the proceedings 
by singing "All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name," after which 
Rev. I. G. Waddell, in a beautiful and touching prayer, in- 
voked God's blessing on the Veterans and upon those near 
and dear to them, and upon all Confederate Veterans every- 
where. The Adjutant General read several communications 
of interest to the Veterans, the first a dispatch from S. A. 
Cunningham, editor of the Veteran, saying that he would be 
in Ocala on Wednesday, which announcement was received 
with applause, as many of the Florida Veterans who had 
never met Comrade Cunningham, and who have been reading 
his valuable magazine for years, were anxious to make his 
acquaintance. This was followed by a letter from Gen. S. 
D. Lee, expressing profound regret at his inability to be 
present. He said ill health alone forbade his taking the trip. 
Letters of greeting were read from Gen. P. A. S. McGlashin, 
commanding the Georgia Division, and Col. W. M. Crumb- 
ley, of Atlanta, Ga., Adjutant General of the Georgia Division, 
and regret that they could not attend. Gen. C. A. Evans — not 
like the man of old who had married him a wife — was detained 
by the marriage of Iiis first granddaughter. 

Gen. George P. Harrison, Commander of the Alabama Di- 
vision and the youngest general in the Confederate army, was 
present, and the announcement was made that he would de- 
liver an address at the night session. The Adjutant General 
further announced that Gen. William E. Mickle, .Adjutant 
General of the U. C. V., would be with the Veterans during the 
encampment. He read a letter from Gen. Bennett H. Young, 
the whole-souled Commander of the Kentucky Division, invit- 
ing the Florida Veterans to be his guest at Louisville. The in- 
vitation was received with an old-time yell that brought 
vividly back to mind the days when "Old Jack" or a "cotton- 
tail" could evoke a whirlwind. Gen. W. D. Ballantine, Di- 
vision Commander, presided at the night session. Miss Sara 
Whitfield sang " 'Way down upon the Suwanee River," the 
Veterans and guests joining in the chorus. 

Hon. H. A. Ford, in an eloquent address, welcomed the 
Veterans to Ocala. He said : "It may seem somewhat inap- 
propriate that I, an Englishman, should have been selected 
to make an address of welcome on behalf of an American 
city to a visiting Division of Confederate Veterans; but when 
I tell you that eight and twenty years ago I had the good 
fortune to get a Southern girl for a wife, I feel sure that you 
will all. or, at all events, the married men amongst you, fully 
appreciate the fact that long ago my English individuality 
must have been absorbed by the American individuality of 
my better half." The Southern Englishman's address received 
liberal applause. 

Commander S. Pasco, ex-United States Senator and a Con- 
federate Englishman who served through the entire war, was 
introduced, and made a beautiful response that was full of 
local historical references extremely interesting. Maj. S. L. 
Izlar too voiced the welcome of Marion County Camp, No. 
56, which he did splendidly. His address was full of beauti- 
ful pathos until the close, when he set the audience in a roar 
of laughter at his unique welcome. 

Brig. Gen. F. P. Fleming was called upon to respond to 
the welcome of Marion Camp. His address did not suffer 
in comparison with its predecessors. It too was full of his- 
torical allusions, but mostly of a personal nature that wrought 
1* 



its way home to the people of Ocala. Gen. Ballantine then 
introduced the former Commander, Gen. E. M. Law, who pre- 
sented Gen. George P. Harrison, the Commander of the Ala- 
bama Division. Gen. Law spoke of him as one of the truest 
of the brave, gallant and eloquent. Gen. Harrison did not 
disappoint his audience. He said that he was on the pro- 
gramme for the morrow, and had hoped to write his speech 
during the night. In fact, he came only to bring the congratu- 
lations of one hundred Camps of Alabama to their comrades of 
Florida. He never felt it a burden to fight or talk for "Dixie." 
He related a number of incidents pertaining to the hardships 
of the Confederate soldier under all conditions. His speech 
was full of good points and rich stories that elicited hearty 
applause, and at its close he received a great ovation. 

The Major General appointed the following committees: 
Comrades George Reese, Henry Carter, and Thomas W. 
Givins, Committee on Credentials ; Comrades S. Pasco, R. J. 
Magill, and James R. Broome, Committee on Resolutions. 

At nine o'clock November 2 the encampment was convened. 
Comrade F. G. Railcy invoked the divine blessing. The Com- 
mittee on Credentials presented its report. The committee 
found the Division to be composed of forty-one Camps, 
thirty-eight in good standing, one Camp dormant, one Camp 
unreported, owing to death of officers, and one Camp just 
organized, but not officially reported by the Adjutant General 
of the Division. Twenty-six of the Camps were present by 
delegates, and all the Camps in the Division were in good 
standing at general headquarters, as is shown by General 
Order, No. 21, from U. C. V. headquarters. The report was 
adopted. 

Gen. Ballantine's annual report contained many valuable 
suggestions. He especially urged the Sons to organize Camps 
of Sons, that they may in years to come represent their 
fathers and preserve to further generations a true history of 
the deeds of the soldiers of the South. He spoke of the Con- 
federate soldier, his devotion to his cause, his poor equip- 
ments and small numbers, as compared with his opponents. 
While doing so, he paid a handsome tribute to the gallantry 
of the Federal soldiers on the battlefield. He paid a high 
compliment to the Daughters of the Confederacy, saying that 
to them the South owed all that it had ever attained. He 
urged the Veterans to contribute liberally for the memorial 
to the women of the South. Touching pensions, he advocated 
several changes in the l;:w, one of which was a repeal of the 
clause compelling the applicant to trace his disability to 
injuries, disease, or exposure during the war. Another was 
the appointment of a commissioner of pensions who should 
personally acquaint himself with the condition of all appli- 
cants, and from whose decision an appeal shall lie to a 
board composed of three supreme court justices ox a specially 
appointed local board. During the year three new Camps have 
been added to the Division, three dormant Camps revived, 
adding four hundred names to our rolls, from which must be 
deducted two hundred and eight deaths and suspensions, leav- 
ing a net increase of one hundred and ninety-two memders. 

The Adjutant General presented his report, in which he gave 
a short history of the Division. It was organized in Ocala 
December 16, 1891. While the condition,,of the Division is 
very satisfactory, there is room for improvement, there being 
still large numbers of veterans unaffiliated wfth Camps. He 
urged comrades to use every effort to organize new Camps 
and recruit the Camps already organized until every worthy 
veteran is enrolled, because this enrollment may be the only 
record of service in the years to come, and such record 



10 



Qopfederate l/eterar>. 



will be invaluable to children and to historians. The minds 
of our children have already been poisoned by travesties on 
truth — so poisoned that it will take years to undo the mischief 
that has been done, and but for the noble woman of the South 
the situation would be worse than it is. They never forgot 
the Confederate soldier or the cause for which he fought ; 
while we, in the scramble for bread for them and our children, 
forgot all except present needs. In conclusion, he urged the 
Veterans to join Camps and Adjutants to get in detail the 
records of each member. The report was adopted without 
a word of objection. 

Comrade Harris announced an excursion to Silver Spring, 
a reception by the Daughters of the Confederacy in the hall 
after the adjournment of the convention, and a complimentary 
ball to the sponsors at the Armory. 

Comrade Boyleston presented resolutions relative to the 
lot on which Gen, J. J. Dickison is buried, asking a contribu- 
tion to purchase the remaining half of the lot and to erect 
a monument over his grave, which was adopted without 
reference. 

The report of the First Brigade showed an enlistment of 
four hundred and thirty-six Veterans in the several Camps 
of that brigade. 

Gen. Fleming having been called to Washington on legal 
business, there was no report from the Second Brigade. 

Gen. Jewell presented tlie report of his (the Third) brigade, 
which now numbers fourteen Camps. He also reported the 
organization of Camps of Sons at Orlando and at Lakeland. 
Gen. Jewell asked, and was granted, permission to present, 
and have considered without reference, resolutions relative 
to the death of Gen. Gordon and the monument to his 
memory. The resolutions were adopted. 

Gen. Mickle was introduced by Gen. Jewell, and. in response 
to repeated calls, made a speech that stirred the "old boys" 
to enthusiasm. 

The Adjutant General was directed to inform Gen. Younc; 
that the Florida Division would answer to roll call in Louis- 
ville, in June, 1905. 

Telegrams were sent Gens. Finley, Miller, and French. 

At the hour designated the Veterans reassembled. 

Comrade Reese introduced S. A. Cunningham, and paid 
high tribute to the work done by the Veteran. He received 
a most cordial welcome. 

The Major General then presented the Division sponsor, 
Miss Violet Harris, and Misses Johnnie Liddon and Jessie 
Palnarton, maids of honor — all of Ocala. 

Gen. Jewell introduced Miss Stella M. Peter, sponsor, who 
read an original poem. "The Confederate Fray," which received 
hearty applause. Misses Duncan, of Tavers, and Howard, of 
Orlando, maids of honor for the Third Brigade, were then 
presented. 

Gen. Law, in a graceful address, presented the sponsor for 
the Second Brigade, Miss Julia Telfair Stockton, and her 
maids of honor, Misses Elizabeth Liegere Fleming and Kate 
Hewes Freeland, of Jacksonville. 

In the absence of Gen. Wittich, Gen. George Reese, in ele- 
gantly chosen terms, presented Miss Johnnie Gettes, sponsor 
for the First Brigade, and her maid or honor. Miss Lilly 
Erwin, of DeFuniak Springs. 

Gen. Ballantine presented Miss Curma Lutham, sponsor for 
Nassau Camp, No. 104, and Comrade Harris, on behalf of 
Marion Camp, introduced as its sponsor Miss Evelyn Pelot, 
with her maid of honor. Miss Grace Hatchell. 

Miss Irma Blake, "a rank little Reb" not yet in her teens. 



sang "Dixie," and was surprised at the chorus that joined 
her and the applause she received. 

The Resolution Committee reported a resolution, asking the 
State to establish a Department of Archives and History, which 
was adopted; one directing the Adjutant General to publish 
the proceedings, which was adopted; one relative to the 
Battle Abbey, which was adopted. 

A resolution was found on the Adjutant's desk suggesting 
that every Camp provide itself with a number of buttons, 
wliicli can be cheaply procured, and as a veteran joins a Camp 
liresent hiin with a button, with a request that he wear it 
or the regulation button, so as to be recognized. 

A resolution was presented inviting Mrs. Patton Anderson 
to be the guest of the Division and chaperon the sponsor for 
Florida with her maids at the Louisville reunion. It was 
adopted and the Adjutant General directed to extend the 
invitation. [Mrs. Anderson has accepted the invitation.] 

Resolutions relating to Gen. Dickison were presented and 
adopted, and the Adju*ant General instructed to forward 
copies to Mrs. Dickison. 

A resolution limiting the time the Major General is to serve 
was presented, discussed, and adopted. 

Resolutions of thaiiks to the transportation companies, to 
citizens of Ocala, Marion County, the press, and others who 
had contributed to th( success and pleasure of the Veterans 
were presented and adopted. 

The next business in order being the election of Major 
General, Gen. W. D. Ballantine was placed in nomination, 
and the Adjutant General instructed to count the vote of the 
Division for him, 

Pensacola and Jacksonville were both named for the next 
place of meeting. Jacksonville was selected. 

At the conclusion the Veterans joined in singing the dox- 
ology. Rev. Norris, a member of Orlando Caiiip, Sons of 
Veterans, pronounced the benediction, and the fourteenth an- 
nual encampment came to a close. 

After the close of business the sponsor held a reception 
on the stage and then adjourned to the armory for the ball, 
and at the close of the sponsor's reception the Daughters of 
the Confederacy received the Veterans in the hall. 

Owing to inclement weather, the parade was abandoned. 

During the reunion quite a number of the members of 
Company G, Fourth Florida Regiment, called to see Mrs. 
Badger, widow of the late Col. Badger, of that regiment, who 
was greatly beloved by all his men. The visit was delightful 
both to the hostess and her guests. 



LIMIT TO NEGRO TROOPS. 
Under the revised statutes of the United States only two 
regiments of negro infantrymen and two regimeaits of negro 
cavalrymen are allowed. Section 1104 reads: "The enlisted 
men of two regiments of cavalry shall be colored men." Sec- 
tion 1 108 reads : "The enlisted men of two regiments of infantry 
shall be colored men." These are the only two sections of the 
.statutes, of the three hundred and fourteen that deal with the 
organization, government, etc., of the regular army, that pro- 
vide for negro troops. No provision is made for negroes in 
any save these two branches. It is further pointed out that, 
though Congress has from time to time increased and de- 
creased the number of men allowed the regular army, never 
has there been any change in regard to negro troops. This 
precedent is likely to be maintained. To eliminate negro 
troops entirely from the army as they are from the navy 
would meet with general approval. North as well as South, 



Qoijfederate l/eterap. 



11 



THE FIRST CONFEDERATE MONUMENT. 

BY MRS. B. I). m'lEOD, BLENHEIM, S. C. 

The ladies of Cheraw, S. C, claim the credit of having 
erected the first monument to the memory of the Confederate 
dead. My brother, Rowland Gooch, now of Nevada, Tex., 
served in the Western 

Department of the | ^, j V ^^ VA 1,-,— I 

Confederate army. He 
was captured at Island 
No. 10 in April, 1862, 
and confined at Chica- 
go, in Camp Douglas, 
until the next Septem- 
ber. He participated 
in the terrible battle 
of Franklin, Tenn. He 
is zealous for every- 
thing relating to the 
cause for which he 
fought, and he requests 
me to send you an ac- 
count of the origin 
and the erection of the 
first monument to the 
Confederate dead, lo- 
cated in Cheraw, S. C, 
in the cemetery of 
St. David Episcopal 
Church, which is one 
of the oldest churches 
in South Carolina. It 
was used by the Brit- 
ish for barracks dur- 
ing the Revolutionary 
War. 

Cheraw claims not 
the honor of origina- 
ting Memorial Day, 
from which she con- 
ceived the idea of 
erecting a monument 
to • the Confederate 
dead. The Ladies' 
Memorial Association 
of Columbus Ga., was organized in the spring of iSOO, and at 
its request the 26tli of April, the anniversary of the sur- 
render of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, was chosen as the date 
for the first memorial service in the South. It was held in 
the old St. Luke Methodist Episcopal Church of Columbus. 
The address was delivered by Col. James M. Ramsey. 

Mrs. Charles J. Williams, of Columbus, was chosen Secre- 
tary of the Columbus Ladies' Memorial Association, and 
in a letter addressed to the press and ladies of the South 
regarding Memorial Day Mrs. Williams states: "We cannot 
raise monumental shafts and inscribe thereon their many 
deeds of heroism, but we can keep alive the memory of the 
debt we owe them by dedicating at least one day in each year 
to embellish their humble graves with flowers. . . ." 

It is readily seen that the Columbus Memorial .Association 
cherished no idea of erecting a monument The ladies of 
Cheraw responded promptly to this call and organized a 
Memorial Association, and set apart a day — May 10 — on which 
they visit and embellish with flowers the graves of their be- 
loved and honored soldier-dead. They decided without delay 




to mark the spot of their heroes with something more durable 
and lasting than flowers, and so the idea of a monument was 
horn. The faint-hearted (and the most of them were men) 
decried the undertaking, saying that the United States would 
not allow such honor to be conferred on Confederate dead. 
The women, however, were determined, and gave entertain- 
ments, festivals, concerts, etc. They raised one thousand dol- 
lars, and ordered the monument. This monument is of pure 
Italian marble, and is sixteen feet high. ' 

The Cheraw Chronicle (May 7, 1903) says in regard to it: 

"There is no doubt that the ladies of Columbus, Ga., 
originated Memorial Day, but we still claim for the ladies 
of Cheraw the credit of being the first to erect a monument 
to the memory of the Confederate dead. At whose sugges- 
tion the Cheraw Ladies" Memorial .\ssociation was organized, 
we are unable to say. The only record on the subject that we 
know of is as follows : In the summer of 1866, Dr. C, Kollock 
being Chairman of the Committee of Organization, the Ladies' 
Memorial Association was formed — Mrs. B. D. Hearsey (now 
Mrs. B. D. McLeod), President; Mrs. F. M. Mclver and 
Mrs. W. J. Vercen, Vice Presidents; Miss J. C. Pritchard. Sec- 
retary and Treasurer. The monument was unveiled in June, 
1867. The address was delivered by Judge J. H. Hudson, of 
Rennettsville, S. C. The cost of the monument was one thou- 
sand dollars. Beneath its shadow lie the sacred remains of 
sixty-two brave soldiers who gave their lives for the Con- 
federacy so dear to us all. 

"Mrs. Charles J. Williams sent out her letter March 12, 
1866. The Ladies' Memorial Association of Cheraw was or- 
ganized in the summer of 1866. and the monument was un- 
veiled in June, 1867, one year after the organization of the so- 
ciety. Evidently Mrs. Williams's letter inspired the organiza- 
tion, but the members of the Cheraw society decided that Mrs. 
Williams was wrong in her assumption that 'we could not 
raise monumental shafts.' 

"What a monument to woman's devotion ! In a land that 
was neither a food-producing nor a manufacturing one, and 
through which Sherman had just marched with his horde, 
leaving behind him desolation and a desert of ashes, the 
patriotic women of the town determined that a suitable me- 
morial should be erected to the memory of their brave soldiers. 

"On the battlefield, in the hospitals, the noble women of the 
South bore alike the burden of woman's devotion and man's 
care. Then, after the smoke of the battle cleared away, these 
devoted women of the South came, and they continue to 
come, to the soldiers' graves with choice plants and bright 
flowers. . . ." 

The inscriptions upon this "first Confederate monument" 
will be read with interest. Upon entering the gate of the in- 
closure and looking north, the inscription in circular form 
over the design of a harp states : "Erected by Ladies' Me- 
morial Association." Then under the harp : "To the memory 
of our heroic dead who fell at Cheraw during the war 1861-65." 
On the west side, above the design of anchor: "Loved and 
honored, though unknown," and under it "Hope." On the 
south side are these words : 

"Stranger, Bold Champions 
Of the South revere. 
And view these tombs with love, 
Brave Heroes slumber here." 
On the east side is the figure of a falling tree, over which is 
"Fallen, but not dead," and under it : 

"They have crossed over the River. 

And thev rest under the shade of the trees." 



12 



Qoi>federate l/eterap. 



THE CHATHAM ARTILLERY OF SAVANNAH. 

One of the oldest military organizations in the United 
States is the Chatham Artillery, of Savannah, Ga., and two 
of its principal officers, Capt. George P. Walker and Lieut. 
Harry S. Dreese, have doubtless served longer in one com- 
pany than any other members of either the regular army or 
the National Guard of this county. Both entered the Con- 
federate army in 1861, and became members of the Chatham 
Artillery during the war — Capt. Walker in August, 1863, 
and Lieut. Dreese a year later, in 1864. Both have served 
continuously in the company ever since, until a few weeks 
ago, at their request, the Governor placed them on the retired 
list. 

The Chatham Artillery was organized back in 1786, and 
is the proud possessor of two six-pound brass pieces captured 
from Cornwallis at Yorktown. One of the guns was pre- 
sented to the company by Gen. George Washington and the 
other by the Marquis de Lafayette. They were too anti- 
quated and highly prized for the battery to use during the 
■War between the States, and, for fear that some of Sher- 
man's valorous bummers might capture (?) them if left in 
sight, they were buried, and only resurrected long after the 
excitement of the war had subsided, and are used now on 
special occasions to fire salutes, etc. 

In 1886 the Chatham Artillery celebrated its centennial, and 
entertained an encampment embracing troops from ten different 
States for nearly a week. During this time President Davis 
was their guest of honor in the city of Savannah. 



-LEE TO THE REAR" IN BRONZE. 
The photograph of "Lee to the Rear" is taken from a small 
bronze model, conceived and made by Dr. D. G. Murrell, a 
prominent physician of Paducah, Ky., and presented to the 
R. E. Lee Camp of Confederate Veterans, at Richmond, Va. 
Dr. Murrell knew Gen. Lee, and often saw Traveler while at- 
tending the university at Lexington, Va., and his intense 
admiration for this truly great man inspired him with the 
desire to perpetuate his memory in bronze, which would show 




the heroic courage of the great soldier and at the same time 
the sublime and tender love of his men for him, one occasion 
by some of his private soldiers seizing the reins of his horse 
and leading him out of danger, while others were crying out : 
"Lee to the rear." 

Dr. Murrell hopes that his little statuette will be the means 
of starting a movement that will result in having a bronze 
statue of heroic size made, commemorative of Gen. Lee in his 
devotion of his soldiers. 



CONFEDERATE MONUMENT AT EUFAULA, ALA. 

November 24 was a red-letter day for the good people of 
Barbour County, Ala., and especially the Barbour County 
Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, for it 
was the consummation of a labor of love in which those 
noble and patriotic women have been engaged since iSq"- — 
the dedication of a monument to the Confederate soldiers 
and seamen of Barbour County, Ala. 

The shaft is of Georgia granite, beautifully polished so as 
to produce two shades of gray, and is thirty-five feet high. 
On top of this, exquisitely carved in Italian marble, is the 
statue of a private Confederate soldier, with his accouterments, 
standing "at rest." The monument complete cost $3,000. 

Ten thousand people assembled in the little town to witness 
the interesting ceremonies of unveiling the monument. The 
procession formed at the courthouse and marched out to the 
grounds. The Eufaula Rifles, headed by a brass band, led, 
followed by veterans, sons, and grandsons, floats filled with 
beautiful young girls representing the different Southern 
States, and behind these carriages with old veterans too 
feeble to walk, distinguished visitors, officers, and speakers. 
Arriving at the monument, the ceremonies were opened with 
prayer by Rev. E. L. Hill : then the reading of the list of of- 
ficers and men of the First Alabama Regiment, a list of 
companies from Barbour County, and the roll of Eufaula 
Companies. The Eufaula Rifles fired a salute, and Misses 
Mary Merrill and Ida Pruden drew the cords whereby the 
splendid, beautiful monument stood a feast for all eyes. 

The presentation of the monument to the city, in the name 
of the Barbour County Chapter of the United Daughters of 
the Confederacy, was made by Miss Mary Clayton, the or- 
ganizer of the Chapter and a daughter of Gen. H. D. Clayton. 
The Mayor, George H. Dent, responded in behalf of the city. 
Hon. B. H. Screws, the orator of the day, made a beautiful 
address, after which tributes of love and reverence for the 
Confederate soldier in form of evergreen wreaths were placed 
around the base of the monument by the Robert E. Lee Chap- 
ter of Children of the Confederacy. Rev. E. L. Hill pro- 
nounced the benediction. Many groups lingered around in 
admiration of the beautiful monument, and more than one 
old veteran was heard to say that it was as much a monument 
to their loving loyalty to the memory of the Confederacy* as 
it was to the courage and devotion of their old comrades. 



Col. W. D. Pickett's Pension as a Mexican War Vet- 
eran.' — The many friends of this accomplished gentleman and 
soldier will be pleased to learn that he has recently received 
from the United States government fifteen hundred dollars 
accumulated back pensions due him as a Mexican war vet- 
eran. In applying for the pensions. Col. Pickett stated that 
he did not ask it because he was in need of a pension, but 
because it was due him for services in behalf of his country. 
Col. Pickett joined the United States army when a mere boy, 
and fought with distinction through the Mexican War. 
When the War between the States began, in 1861, he entered 
the Confederate army, and again won distinction on the 
battlefield. He is one of the very few Confederate veterans 
living who fought through two wars and is now carried on 
the pension rolls of the Federal government. Col. Pickett 
is now living at Fourbear, Wyo. ; but his many friends in 
Kentucky and Tennessee anticipate with pleasure his retire- 
ment from active business pursuits, and that he will return 
to these States, where he may spend his declining years among 
those who will ever be proud of him for his active, useful, and 
noble life. 



Qoi^federate l/eterap. 



18 



STRATFORD, BIRTHPLACE OF ROBERT E. LEE. 

BY SUSAN HUNTER WALKER, TRINITY RECTORY, LONG GREEN, MD. 

In the bleak cold of a January day Robert E. Lee, the 
Southern Commander, was born at Stratford, Westmoreland 
County, Va. The little child grew healthily, and developed 
broadly in the spacious home of his distinguished ancestors. 

Stratford on the Potomac is one of the best-preserved of 
the colonial homes of Virginia. It is a massive pile of 
English brick, constructed somewhat after the form of a 
flattened letter H. It is almost ruggedly simple, and its 
architecture is unique, from the high basement to the two 
great clusters of chimneys upon its roof. No ornamental 
feature of architecture or of decoration beautifies or mars 
its substantial simplicity. It stands solidly and squarely on its 
firm foundation, as did its builders and inhabitants through- 
out all their generations. 

The main entrance to the house is by a long flight of sand- 
stone steps that lead to the central door. This is supple- 
mented at each end by a long staircase, which enters upon 
a passage e-xtending through the entire length of the house. 
The mansion contains in all eighteen large square rooms. 






BIRTHPLACE OF GENS. RICHARO HENRY AND ROBERT E. LEE. 

There is little variety in these well-lighted, high-ceiling 
chambers, except in the case of the central hall, which is 
worthy a special word of description. It is a fine apartment 
about thirty feet square, and forms a connecting link between 
the two wings. It is handsomely paneled in oak from floor 
to ceiling, with decorative pilasters relieving the panels at 
short intervals. This was undoubtedly the family gathering 
place, as four roomy glass-front bookcases have been set in 
the panels of the wall. 

Stratford was built by Thomas Lee, fifth son of Richard 
Lee, whose father, Col. Richard Lee, was the first of his 
family to come to the colony of Virginia. He came from his 
home in Shropshire, England, in 1641, forced by loyalty to 
the Royal cause to abandon his native land. Thomas Lee 
built Stratford in the early years of the eighteenth century, 
naming it after his English estate. It was burned, and, with 
the aid of fifty thousand dollars from Queen Charlotte, was 
rebuilt in its original design in 1729. 

This Thomas Lee was Prcsidait of the Colony, and after 
serving in this capacity for some time was made Governor by 
royal appointment. Col. Lee died, however, before the com- 
mission as Governor reached him. A flat tombstone in the 
grove near the house covers the graves of his wife and him- 
self. It bears the following inscription: "Here lies buried 



the Hon. Colonel Thomas Lee, who died November 14, 1750, 
aged sixty years, and his beloved wife, Mrs. Hannah Lee. 
She departed this life January 25, 1749." 

President Thomas Lee had six sons, the names of whom 
have gone down to history as synonyms for patriotism, cul- 
ture, and high character. They are as follows : Philip Lud- 
well, Thomas Ludwell, Richard Henry, Francis Lightfoot, 
William, and Arthur. Philip Ludwell Lee, the eldest son and 
inheritor of Stratford, had a daughter, Matilda, to whom the 
estate was bequeathed. She became the first wife of her 
cousin sometime removed, "Lighthorse Harry" Lee. On her 
death she left Stratford as a home for her husband and 
children until the majority of her eldest son, Henry. Here 
it was that "Lighthorse Harry" Lee brought his second wife, 
Miss Ann Carter, who became die mother of Robert E. Lee. 

Old Yeocomico Church. 

At a very age this babe, destined to become one of Vir- 
ginia's greatest sons, was brought to the house of God for 
baptism. The font from which Robert E. Lee was received 
into the fold of Christ's Church is to-day in existence and used 
in old Yeocomico Church, Westmoreland County, Va. 

Yeocomico is sixteen miles from Stratford ; but in those 
old days time and means were plentiful, and a ride of this 
length to church was a weekly or fortnightly occurrence with 
a goodly proportion of Yeocomico's congregation. This old 
parish church of the Lees, the Carters, of Nomini Hall, the 
Corbins, Turbervilles, and many others of the old families 
of this historic section is still in a fine state of preservation, 
and one of the best examples of pre-Revolution houses of 
worship still m use in Virginia. It is, too, a charming de- 
parture from the common "barn" type of colonial church 
architecture, being cruciform and decorative in some of its 
features. It was built in 1706 with bricks brought from the 
mother country, and they have stood the two hundred years 
of their existence with admirable fortitude. 

Over the main entrance is a picturesque Gothic porch, which 
recalls old England. The door reached through this is a mass- 
ive affair of double planking, held together by handmade 
bolts, and its huge wrought-iron hinges extend across lialf 
its surface. It is so heavy with its weight of wood and years 
as to be difiicult to open, and for convenience a smaller door 
has been cut within the larger, that one may lift the latch 
and enter God's house with greater ease. 

Two brick aisles transect nave and transept. The former 
leads to the railed chancel, which holds the venerable altar. 




OLD YEOCOMICO CHimCH. 



14 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap 



and the font of the native gray sandstone, hoth of wliich have 
been in use since the church's beginning, and both of which 
undoubtedly performed their part in hallowing the lives of 
Robert E. Lee and his famous forebears. 

Yeocomico Church stands in a well-shaded God's acre, 
wherein repose the bones of the departed flock of the neighbor- 
hood. Completely surrounding the churchyard is a substan- 
tial brick wall, which protects the historic old church and 
yard from desecration by ruthless man or beast. 

In the war of 1812 Yeocomico Church suffered desecration 
at the hands of the soldiers who were set to watch the British 
who came up the creeks from the Potomac on destroying ex- 
peditions. They tore down the wall about the churchyard, 
used the church as a stable, and finally abandoned it to the 
mercy of the elements and stray flocks and herds of the 
neighliorhood. The holy table was not left untouched, and 
the hallowed font was desecrated. Bishop Neade says, in his 
journal of 1838, in regard to these things: "The communion 
table was removed into the yard, where it served as a 
butcher's block, and was entirely defaced. Being of sub- 
stantial material, however, it admitted of a new face and 
polish, and is now restored to its former place, where it will 
answer, we trust, for a long time to come, the holy purposes 
for which it was designed. Nor was the baptismal font 
exempt from profanation. It was taken some miles from the 
church and used as a vessel in which to prepare the excite- 
ments to ungodly mirth. This, however, was not long per- 
mitted, and it is now restored to its former place." 

The church was again despoiled in the War between the 
States, but again it was restored, and now we hope it may be 
left unmolested to carry on its good work for ages to come. 



The .\ss.\ssination of President Lincoln. — The Religious 
Telescope^ Dayton, Ohio, says : "It was slavery's attempt, in 
its death struggle, to deal a stunning blow to the head of the 
nation that was crushing out its life — a blow dealt in a des- 
perate revenge for its having been compelled to submit to 
the triumph of liberty. It was slavery, in its dying throes, 
administering to itself its own scorpion sting, thereby render- 



ing its own character doubly despicable, and its own death 
more certain and everlasting. Hence, the cause (slavery) of 
Lincoln's assassination being forever annihilated, no such des- 
picable crime can again spring from that source." Slavery 
was in no way responsible for the assassination of Mr. Lincoln, 
except in so far as it was connected with other causes that 
brought on the War between the States ; and after a searching 
investigation, where all the evidence that passion and prejudice 
could produce was brought tu bear, it was clear that no 
citizen of the Southern Confederacy had anything to do with 
this despicable murder. Booth, who assassinated Mr. Lin- 
coln, was not a citizen of the Confederacy ; at no time was he 
a resident of any of the seceded States. As well might the 
assassination of Garfield or McKinley be attributed to the 
South and to slavery as the assassination of Mr. Lincoln. 



An Old "Gray Coat'' of "Tan Color." — During the re- 
union at Nashville there was on exhibition at General Head- 
quarters an old moth-eaten cloak made of some brown mate- 
rial and lined with red cloth that attracted more or less atten- 
tion, and was left by the owner at the headquarters. A paper 
pinned to it stated that "This cloak was worn by Tom Trip- 
lett through the war. He was a member of Stewart's Black 
Horse Cavalry. Enlisted when only fifteen years old and was 
so small that he could not mount with his equipments or 
without assistance. Comrade Triplett was born and reared 
in Fairfax County, now Alexandria, Va., and now lives at 
Pine Bluff. Ark. The cloak is at the Veteran office. 



Convention of North Carolina U. D. C. — Only brief 
mention is here made of the eighth annual convention of the 
North Carolina Daughters, which was held at Fayetteville on 
the 28th and 29th of October. The Daughters decided to place 
a portrait of Gen. Ransom in the North Carolina Room at 
Richmond. The 23d of August was selected as the day for the 
presentation of the crosses of honor, and a committee was 
appointed to petition the Legislature to provide for marking 
in some suitable way the spots where the North Carolina 
troops fought during the war, and especially at Gettysburg. 




YOUNG COUNTY (TEXAS) CAMP, U. C. V., GRAHAM, TEX. COMMANDER R. C. m'pHAIL IS SECOND ON RIGHT OF COMRADE IN CHAIR. 



Qopfederat^ l/ecerai). 



15 



HEROIC SERVICE AT BATON ROUGE. 

Col. V. Y. Cook, of Newport. Ark., who was a Confed- 
erate private, colonel in command of the Second Arkansas 
Infantry, and major general in command of the Arkansas 
Division, U. C. V., rfi)orts a thrilling account of service by 
his Confederate captain and two comrades. He sends also 
a picture of the group : 

"The picture is that of the three hrave men who hurned 
the Federal cantonments at Baton Rouge, La., August 5, 1862. 




CAPT. C. W. JETTON, SERGEANT J. \V. MORRIS. PRIVATE J. 
W. KING. 

"After a hard-fought battle the. Federals were driven from 
their position rearward of their encampment under iirotection 
of their gunboats, when Gen. Breckinridge called for three 
volunteers to go forward and hum their encampment, which 
occupied a positinn between the two armies. Immediately 
Capt. Charles \V. Jetton, of Company H, Seventh Kentucky 
Infantry, and two of bis enlisted men, Sergt. John W. Morris 
and Private Jahies W. King, volunteered for the perilous en- 
terprise. They lost no time, and soon succeeded well with 
their work. 

"The Federals, seeing their encampment in Hames, trained 
their heavy ordnance from the gunboats upon their deserted 
quarters, using canister, shrapnel, and solid shot, which fell 
thick and fast. Had they known the burning was the work 
of only three men. and that Gen. Breckinridge with his army 
had retired out of range of these death-dealing missiles, they 
would soon have routed these three Confederates. They were 
so busy with torches that they did not realize their danger nor 
tire of hazardous performance. Finally the gunboats ceased 
firing, and a line of infantry advanced just as these gallant 
three were firing the commissary and sutler's stores. Pri- 
vate King, seeing that the Federals were closing upon them, 
grabbed some hats, and Sergt. Morris a knife, gold pen, and 
a few pairs of shoes. Just then Capt. Jetton joined them at 
the sutler's tent and said: "Hold on, boys, I must have a pair 
of these pants.' Right here the two men 'got wrong' with 
their captain for the first and only time during the war. The 



entire company tliought they had the best captain in the 
service. 

"Had Capt. Jetton gathered an armful of pants and gone 
right on, that would have looked like business; but he wanted 
only one pair of trousers, and he was determined to get a 
tit. He continued looking at the numbers, and tried the 
length of several pairs, keeping at it until the enemy got 
very near them. King and Morris advised their captain of 
the danger, but hurry he would not. The well-worn 'bosom' 
of the pair he had on so indicated the necessity of a new pair 
as to mitigate his seeming indifference to danger. The 
captain finally got a fit and the three started on a lively run, 
the Federals in close proximity and their bullets Hying 
around the heroic three like mad hornets. 

"They had not gone very far when they came upon a Con- 
federate soldier caring for his brother, who was mortally 
wounded. The man called to know if one of them would 
help him move his brother to a shade some distance in the 
rear, when Private King, like the good soldier he always 
was, regardless of conditions, and though hard pressed by the 
enemy, gave a helping hand, aided in carrying the wounded 
man to the place designated, then he followed his fleeing 
comrades to the extent of his sliced through a hailstorm of 
bullets. 

"In March, iSCi-t. this regiment was mounted and assigned 
to Gen. Forrest's Cavalry Corps, with which these men did 
valiant service in many arduous campaigns and hotly con- 
tested battles. All of them are yet living, honored and re- 
spected by all who know them." 



Spanish Fort. Near Mobile. — Comrade Jesse M. Duna- 
way. of Avalon, Tex., writes: "I notice in the Veteran 
il\at mention is made of the fight at Spanish Fort. I 
would like to see a full account of the fight from some of 
my old comrades in the VeteIran, for it was a heroic de- 
fense. It was estimated that the Federals outnumbered 
us fourteen to one. I was there, a number of the Twenty- 
First Alabama, and our regiment had position, as support, 
between two of our batteries for sixteen days and ni'ghts. 
.\nother thing I should like to know is if the Confederate 
dead at Ship Island have ever been cared for. I was cap- 
tured at Fort Gaines and carried, with thirty-five other pris- 
oners, to Ship Island. We were guarded by negroes and 
had to submit to brutal treatment from them. We were 
forced to carry green pine cord wood on our shoulders for 
seven and a half miles, and if we fagged under the load 
the negroes would prick us with their bayonets. We left 
eighteen of our thirty-six prisoners buried in the sand at 
Ship Island, their old ragged blankets answering the dou- 
ble purpose of winding sheets and coffins. 

I surrendered at Meridian, Miss., in May, '65. and hear<l 
Gen. Maury H. Dabney (Little Shorty, we used to call 
him) deliver to us his farewell address. 



Flag to the Helen Plane Chapter. — Mrs. G. I. Teasley. 
of the Helen Plane Chapter, at Canton, Ga., reports the dona- 
tion of a flag by the noble woman in whose honor it was 
named, stating: "The flag was presented at the Elberton 
convention and is an exact copy of the battle flag of the Con- 
federacy, for which our fathers bled and our mothers prayed. 
In accepting the flag, let ns seek to emulate the virtues of 
the donor in her beautiful love and loyalty to the traditions of 
the South and strive to attain the highest and best in all things 
good and benevolent for which our organization stands." 



16 



Qor>federate l/eteraj). 



CONFEDERATES IN MONTANA. 

At the last important meeting of Confederates in Montana 
the body elected Paul A. Fusz as Commander for the North- 
western Division, and George F. Ingram was elected the Com- 
mander for the Montana Brigade. In the evening there was 
a reception, at which there were seventy-five guests, given 
by Winnie Davis Chapter. Gen. Ingram was master of 
ceremonies. The speakers were Dr. W. G. Eggleston, Chief 
Justice Theodore Brantly, former Gov. Preston H. Leslie, 
and Gen. Frank D. Brown. 

One of the numbers on the programme was a solo by Mrs. 
J. L. Patterson, of Bozeman, State President of the U. D. C. 
There were a number of Southern songs, in which the 
audience joined heartily. Refreshments were served during 
the evening. The hall was decorated for the occasion, several 
large flags of the stars and bars being in the decorative scheme. 

Paul A. Fusz, the new Commander of the Northwestern 
Division, U. C. V., was born in Hericourt, France, August 
5, 1849. His parents came to St. Louis (United States) in 
1852. In August of 1864 he joined J. M. Utz in procuring 
quinine and other medical supplies for the army and getting 
them out of St. Louis. Upon going out of the Federal lines, 
Utz and his recruits were captured as they rode to join Price's 
army. He and young Fusz were taken to St. Louis, tried, and 
condemned to death. Utz was executed and Fusz was paroled 
by order of President Lincoln. 

FLAG OF THE THIRTEENTH U. S. INFANTRY. 

BY N. M. CARPENTER, EUTAW, ALA. 

In the September Veteran there is an account, by Comrade 
G. T. Cullins, of Caledonia, Ark., of the capture of this flag 
at the battle of Nashville, wherein he confuses a little incident. 

I was in command of the Thirty-Sixth Alabama Regiment, 
and Capt. Knox, of Company B, was on my extreme right. 
After the firing had somewhat ceased and the negroes began 
to retreat, Knox, seeing the color bearer still standing at his 
post, jumped over our breastworks, caught up one of the 
enemy's guns, shot the color bearer, and captured the flag, 
which had the following inscription on it: "Thirteenth U. S. 
Colored Infantry. Presented by colored ladies of Murfrees- 
boro." 

On our retreat, while camping at Columbia, Tenn., Gen. 
H. D. Clayton sent for the flag, and had it put in his wagon 
for safe-keeping. Unfortunately, the mules got hold of it 
one night and damaged it greatly, but the mutilated remains 
are yet preserved in this (Greene) county. 

THOMAS MOORE AND WIFE, ELIZA JANE. 
This venerable old couple were married in 1837. The an- 
cestors of Mr. Moore went to Kentucky in the days of Daniel 




Boone. He was born in Mercer County, of that State, in 
1815, and his wife, Eliza Jane Dodd, in Barreni County in 1818. 
In 1853 they moved to Burnet County, Tex. Mr. Moore 
was ?. member of the secession convention of Texas, in i86l, 
and acted in the Civil Department of the Confederacy during 
the war. In 1867 they moved to Waco, where Mr. Moore 
died in 1898. Mrs. Moore is a remarkably well-preserved old 
lady in mind and body. She has eight children living — five 
sons and three daughters — to comfort her in old age. 

DIVIDED IN WAR TIMES. 
Herewith is a war-time picture of F. A. Taulman, of Hub- 
bard City, Tex., taken just after he enlisted in the Confederate 
army, in 1861. He was a member of Company G, Thirty- 
Second Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Ector's Brigade. He 

went to Fayetteville, 
Ark., in September of 
1861, and joined (3en. 
Ben McCulloch's escort 
at Camp Jackson. He 
was with McCulloch 
until that general's 
death, at Elkhorn (Pea 
Ridge). He was cap- 
tured at Blakely, Ala., 
on April 9, 1865, the 
day of Lee's surrender, 
with the whole garri- 
son, and sent to Ship Is- 
land, where he had a 
taste of discipline as 
dispensed by big buck 
negroes with bayonets 
and Yankee uniforms. 
Fortunately he did not 
have to stay a great while, release coming on May 6, 1865. 

Comrade Taulman was the recipient of a cross of honor be- 
stowed by the Daughters of the Confederacy of Hubbard City 
some time since. The father of this comrade was an ultra- 
Unionist. In a letter to a friend during the crucial period of 
this country he states: "My second son, Francis, who went 
to Texas in June, i860, I have not heard from since the mail 
communication was cut off last July. I advised him to come 
home in my last two letters to him, as I expected trouble there ; 
but he seemed to think there was no danger, and stayed too 
long to be able to get away." It would be difiScult to imagine 
the elder Taulman's thoughts when he afterwards learned that 
when he wrote this letter his son was a Confederate soldier. 




F. a. taulman. 



MR. AND MRS. THOMAS MOORI. 



Reunion of Company G, First Georgia Cavalry. — A sad, 
yet pleasant, reunion at Rome was that of Company G, First 
Georgia Cavalry, held during the State Encampment, U. C. V., 
at the residence of W. D. Jones. This company was the first 
one of cavalry that left Floyd County, March, 1862, with a 
membership of eighty-seven, rank and file. Recruits came dur- 
ing the three years, running the number up to one hundred and 
forty. There are now living twenty-three, eleven in Floyd 
County— viz., T. S. Burney, G. W. Warren, H. T. Moore, D. 
P. Philips, H. H. Waters, Sol Everett, John Corley, James Sel- 
man, W. D. Jones, W. A. Overby, and W. L. Aycock. Lieut. 
George A. Webster, Waterworks Department, Atlanta, Ga., 
is the only living officer. He and the first nine named were 
present at the dinner table of W. D. Jones. After the splen- 
did dinner and music they spent an hour together, at the con- 
clusion of which they sang "God Be with You Till We Meet 
Again." 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



17 



PROMOTED ON THE FIELD FOR GALLANTRY. 

BY S. EMANUEL, NEW YORK. 

In the New York Sun appears a review of "Four Years 
under Marse Robert," by Major Robert T. Stiles, in which 
he asserts that he "never saw or heard of a promotion on the 
field, and does not believe such a thing ever occurred dur- 
ing the war." While Maj. Stiles is in the main correct — 
as promotions on the field were so rare as to be almost un- 
known in the Confederate service — yet they did occur. One 
such came under my observation — that of Lieut. C. Carrol 
White, commanding Company A, Tenth (Manigault's) South 
Carolina Regiment, in front of Murfreesboro, Tenn., Decern 
ber, 1862. 

Maneuvering had begun, incidental to the great battle 
that followed. Company A was deployed as skirmishers, 
when, quick as lightning, a squadron of cavalry — the Fif- 
teenth Pennsylvania — thundered down the line, striking the 
right of Company A, capturing Lieut. White and many of 
the two first groups. White, detecting indecision in the 
faces of his captors, gave the command. "Company AI 
rally on the right group! commence firing; don't mind us." 
White and his men dropped to the ground, his order was 
quickly obeyed, and the deadly fire from nearly one hun- 
dred Enfield rifles was sent into the enemy's ranks, emp- 
tying many of their saddles — two officers. Majors Herring 
and Rosengarten, falling, besides many of lesser rank. This 
command was formerly the Philadelphia City Troop, com- 
posed, in part, of the elite of that city. White and his as- 
sociates each grappled with one of the enemy, and brought 
them, prisoners, into our line. Lieutenant Francis S. Par- 
ker, aid to Gen. Bragg, was on that part of the field when 
the incident occurred. In a letter received from him some 
years ago. now in my possession, he said : "I presume of 
course the episode at Murfreesboro of Capt. White's brave 
'Rally on the right group !' is remembered by you. I recall 
the sensation of so many years ago as if it had just occurred. 
The position from which I was to observe and report was 
on our left, and so I became aware of the occurrence. It 
was a rare exhibition of presence of mind, and the act of 
true courage of the soldier." Upon this affair being made 
known to Gen. Bragg, he immediately ordered Lieut. 
White's promotion to a captaincy. In further recognition of 
Capt. White's bravery, after the battle had been fought Gen. 
Beauregard, at Charleston, needing a battery of rifle guns, 
requested Gen. Bragg to furnish him with them. Gen. Bragg 
acquiesced. Annexed is a copy of Gen. Bragg's letter to Gen. 
Beauregard, accompanying the guns. 

"Headquarters Army of Tennessee, 
Tin-LAHOMA, Tenn., May 27, 1863. 

"Dear General: It is a source of much gratification for me 
to be able to respond to your request for a battery of rifle 
guns from our capture at Murfreesboro. My aid, Lieut. 
Francis S. Parker, and Capt. C. C. White, Tenth South Caro- 
lina Regiment, are charged with the mission of delivering these 
guns to you in Charleston as soon as they can be put in 
proper, serviceable condition. As the two fine regiments from 
that historic State were conspicuously distinguished on the 
bloody field which yielded up these trophies, their able rnd 
gallant commander, Col. Manigault, has been requested to 
furnish four names from among the most honored of his 
fallen officers to be placed on the guns. 

"Very respectfully and very truly yours, 

Braxton Brack." 



THIRTY-SEVENTH VIRGINIA INFANTRY. 

W. C. Tyler, of Company A, writes from Kansas City, Mo. : 

"If your columns are not too crowded, I should like to say 
a word about my old regiment, the Thirty-Seventh Virginia 
Infantry. This regiment was made up largely from the 
Counties of Washington, Scott, and Tazewell, Southwestern 
Virginia. We were mustered into service in May, 1861, and 
went into camp at Abingdon, Washington County. From 
there we went to Richmond, and thence to Staunton, where 
we took up our line of march for Laurel Hill to meet Gen. 
McClellan, who was at Philippi. The regiment was then com- 
manded by Col. S. V. Fulkerson, one of the bravest of the 
brave. After a long and tedious march we reached Laurel 
Hill, where we dug intrenchments, built breastworks, and 
were regularly initiated into the duties of soldier life. 

"In about ten days Gen. McClellan commenced his advance. 
which made him commander of the Army of the Potomac. 
After a severe fight with Col. Pegram's small force at Rich 
Mountain, he succeeded in flanking Gen. R. S. Gamett's posi- 
tion at Laurel Hill, who was forced to retreat through the 
mountains, and was attacked and killed at Carrick's Ford, on 
the Cheat River. The command then fell to Col. (afterwards 
Gen.) William B. Taliaferro, and we continued our retreat to 
Monterey, Highland County, Va., whence, after resting and 
recruiting, we advanced to Camp Bartow, on the Greenbrier 
River. There we remained, marching, countermarching, and 
skirmishing with the Yanks, until early in December, when 
we took up our line of march for Winchester, where we 
became a part of the immortal Stonewall Jackson's Division. 
From that time the Thirty-Seventh bore a conspicuous part 
in all the battles from Kearnstown to Appomattox, ever in 
the thickest of the fray. Col. Fulkerson was mortally wounded 
at the first battle of Cold Harbor, and from that time the 
regiment was commanded by Col. T. V. Williams, who still 
survives, and is living at Edinburg, Grundy County, Mo. 

"The regiment was made up of as fine fighting men as there 
were in the army and commanded by as gallant officers as 
ever drew sword in defense of a righteous cause — such men 
as Capts. Lancaster, Preston, Reed, Wood, Shumate, and 
others. I hope that many surviving comrades will see these 
notes and call to mind the noble Thirty-Seventh and its gal- 
lant officers who were at Kearnstown, McDowell, Winchester, 
Port Republic, the seven days' fight around Richmond, Cedar 
Mountain, Second Manassas, Ox Hill, Sharpsburg. Freder- 
icksburg, Chancellorsville. Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spott- 
sylvania, and on to the end. where the flag went down, but 
glorious still. To all of my old comrades I wish health, 
happiness, and length of days. May their last days be as 
peaceful as their former days were glorious! Please all sub- 
scribe for the Veteran." 

PURSUIT OF GEN. STURGISS. 

BY HENRY EWELL HORD. 

Having whipped Sturgiss at Brice's X Roads, at dayliglit 
next morning we took the road in pursuit of him. Gens. For- 
rest and Buford rode together at the head of Lyon's Brigade, 
Third Kentucky leading. I think Gen. Lyon had been de- 
tailed to take charge of the battlefield, prisoners, plunder, etc., 
we had captured the day before. There was one regiment, the 
Twelfth Kentucky, in advance of us, though not in sight. The 
first thing we came upon that looked like war was a large, fine 
ambulance full of dead Yankees, packed in so tight that they 
held each other up on the two long seats on each side of the 
ambulance. Forrest and Buford halted to have a look at 



18 



Qopfederate Uetcrap. 



them. They had evidently been abandoned by their friends 
probably before they were dead, as the horses were gone. It 
takes a good deal to move an old soldier, but every face showed 
sorrow for the poor fellows left there to die by their friends. 
Under the seats were two little closed-up closets with a small 
door in the end, doubtless to carry the dead. 

One of our boys noticed the doors. They excited his 
curiosity, and he jumped off his horse and opened one. The 
Yankee driver had a number of live geese, which no doubt he 
had stolen, confined in there, and as soon as the door opened 
out flew an old gander with a low hiss. The fellow was stoop- 
ing down peeping into the door, his face so close he could 
not see what it was. He got only a glimpse of something 
while, which he must have taken for ihc ghost of the dead 
men overhead, for it scared him pretty nigh into fits. I never 
heard a fellow yell so in my life. He fought and yelled, and 
as fast as he knocked one out of his face another would fly out. 
The rest of us on our horses could see what it was, of course, 
and the whole command joined in the laugh. After the geese 
had all got out and the fellow had somewhat recovered his 
nerve he started to mount his horse, when somebody in the 
ranks told him to open the other door. He glared around at 
his tormentors, and answered: "I'll be d— n if I do." His 
emphatic language started everybody to laughing again, even 
Gen. Forrest joining in; but the "old man" was the first to 
think of business, for, turning to Gen. Buford, he said, "While 
we are laughing at that d— n fool the Yankees are getting 
away. I'll go on; you follow as fast as your horses can stand 
it;" and, striking a lope, he was soon out of sight. 

It was not long till we heard firing in front, and the boys 
commenced yelling: "Old Bedford's treed." We soon got a 
"hurry up" order. The command passed down the line, "Keep 
closed up if it kills your horses," 'and away we went. When 
we struck the Yankees we "formed fours" and sailed in, tore 
their line all to pieces, and scattered them in every direction. 
While we were re-forming and gathering up prisoners the 
next regiment would take the lead and sweep down on them. 
and in that way we worked a sort of endless chain attack that 
did not allow them to halt to rest or get water. Only once, at 
Ripley, I think, we were dismounted and formed a regular 
line of battle, and there we completely routed them and cap- 
tured their last gun. 

Gen. Forrest had handed out some mighty nice taffy to 
Capt. Morton and the battery boys on the way they handled 
their guns the day before, and they had left camp that morn- 
ing all "puffed up" with new guns, eight horses to each gun, 
and the firm determination to break all records and have old 
Bedford pat them on the back some more. Although they 
killed six horses, they never were able to get near us. It 
was a cavalry fight all the way through, and a friendly rivalry 
between the different regiments to see which could outdo the 
others. I am not sure but that we counted some of our 
prisoners twice. Once Gen. Forrest himself took part of 
Rucker's and Bell's Brigade and tried to get around the 
Yanks, but it did not work. When he got back into the 
road they were on he was in our rear. 

At Salem Gen. Forrest had to be taken off his horse, he was 
so near fainting from fatigue. Gen. Buford was not, how- 
ever. Mounted on a Kentucky thoroughbred, one of his own 
rearing, he hung on to that flying column, and every chance 
he got would rush down on them. I don't think he would 
ever have thought of holding up as long as anybody's horse 
could keep up with him. Two Yankee stragglers were the 
cause of our finally halting. They mistook us for their troops, 
and rode the whole length of our command, from rear to 



front. We saw them, but thought they were some of our men 
returning from taking prisoners to the rear. It was about 
eleven o'clock at night, and too dark to see the color of uni- 
forms. Just as they were passing Gen. Buford, who was 
riding at the head of our column, one of them asked : "Whose 
command is this?" Gen. Buford answered: "My command, 
A. Buford." "Good Lord!" said the Yank, and we could 
hear the rip, rip of their spurs as they dashed down the road. 
"Halt !" yelled Old Abe ; bang, bang, went his pistol, but 
they made good their escape ; then he halted his command, 
rode back, and wanted to know where those Yanks came from. 
When some one told him they came down the line, he made 
things blue and brimstony with his profanity, and told us, 
among a good many other things, that we were "a lot of d — ^n 
sandlappers riding along half asleep" and let the Yanks ride 
over us. Some one told him it was too dark to see colors. "See 
h'll," yelled Old Abe; "sn;ell 'um." We were passing through 
a dense forest at the time, and the General got suspicious of 
an ambuscade, so he ordered. one of his staff, Maj. Turk, to 
dismount twenty-five or thirty of us and deploy as skirmishers. 
I was one of that unlucky lot. We had not gone fifty yards 
before I stumbled over something and came near falling. I 
looked back to see what it was, and discovered that it was a 
Yankee sitting at the foot of a tree sound asleep. I woke him 
up, told him he was a prisoner, and called to the other fel- 
lows to look close, that there were Yanks about. Pretty 
soon all up and down the skirmish line I could hear the boys 
waking up sleeping Yankees. We kept on about half an hour, 
and had taken quite a number of prisoners, when I heard 
Gen. Buford call: "Turk, where are you?" "Here, General," 
answered Turk, who was out in the brush with us. "Call 
in your skirmishers, take some of them down the road, and 
put out a picket. We will stay right here till morning. 
Every d — n man with me is sound asleep." 

Maj. Turk had been lieutenant in my company for years, 
so when I heard his order, "Skirmishers, rally on the road," 
I skipped back to my horse, for I was pretty certain to get a 
job of standing picket the rest of the night if I "rallied." 
I jerked my saddle off "Old Pete," crumbled up some crackers 
for him to eat, and was asleep before one could count a dozen. 
Next morning we found we were si.xty-five miles from Brice's 
X Roads, without corn or rations and nothing in the country 
to subsist upon. So Gen. Buford started the prisoners back 
under guard, and disbanded the rest of our brigade to hustle 
for themselves to get back to Guntown as soon as they could 
and pick up all the Yankee stragglers they came across. Part 
of Bell's Brigade followed the Yanks still farther, but I don't 
think they caught up with them again. I should state that 
nobody cared for Old Abe's cursing ; his bark was ever worse 
than his bite. He was one of the kindest-hearted men I 
ever knew, except the peerless John C. Breckinridge, the best 
man we ever served under. Turk told me ne.xt morning that 
he, as well as the pickets, went to sleep on post, and slept till 
daylight. The fact was, we had about reached the limit of 
endurance for man and horse. 



GEN. PETTUS ESCAPES JOHNSON'S ISLAND. 

BY T. B. cox, WACO, TEX. 

In May, 1863, there was fought near Port Gibson, Miss., 
one of the hottest little battles of the war. Gen. Pemberton 
had sent a detachment four thousand strong to support the 
siege guns at Grand Gulf, about thirty miles below Vicks- 
burg, commanded by Gen. Bowen. The Federal gunboats 
had repeatedly made unsuccessful efforts to destroy the forts 
and effect a crossing for Grant's army. 



Qopfcderati^ l/eteraij. 



19 



Gen, Grant, having failed in his assaults on Vicksburg from 
the front, adopted this strategy, and it won him the rear of 
this Gibraltar of the Confederacy. Grant left Sherman with 
his division to keep up a feint against Pemberton in front, 
while he, with an army said to be ninety thousand strong, 
moved down the west side of the river, and, failing at Grand 
Gulf, effected a crossing at Brunisburg, ten miles below, 
before Gen. Pemberton was advised of the move. Gen, Bowen 
the same night marched with his four thousand out on the 
Port Gibson and Brunisburg road to within eight miles of 
the latter place and formed a line of battle, not knowing that 
he was to measure arms with Grant's whole army, save the one 
division left in front of Vicksburg. 

There was some fighting that night between the pickets, 
skirmishers, and artillery: but the next morning, without 
fortifications of any kind, the four thousand met Grant's army 
in open field, and poured volley after volley into the crowded 
ranks of the infantry covering our entire front and right 
flank. The Sixth Mississippi made desperate charges on bat- 
teries that were sweeping the field with grape and canister, 
only to bo forced back by Grant's overwhelming force massing 
on every part of the field. For much of the day the four 
thousand, swinging right and left, held in check the ninety 
thousand, with Gen. Pcmberton's army twenty miles away 
marching to our assistance, but which never reached us. 

Gen, Bowen's little sorrel had been shot from under him, and 
Gen. Tracy was killed in the second desperate attempt to 
counteract the flanking columns. The entire line of the four 
thousand was now enfiladed, and the enemy was in the rear of 
the right wing before any idea of yielding the field occurred 
to the gallant four thousand. When finally the order came 
to fall back, half of the line was enveloped and about one 
th<)U.sand others were cut off and captured in the open field. 
Gen. Pettus and the writer were of this number. Gen. Pettus 
was at that time lieutenant colonel of an Alabama regiment, 
anil 1 was sergeant major of the Sixth Mississippi. The 
prisoners, about eight hundred, were marched to the river 
that night. We were so overcome by fatigue and loss of 
sleep for the two preceding days and nights that we could 
scarcely \\'a\k. Occasional halts were made for rest, when all 
would fall asleep. The night was quite dark, and the guards 
would have to shake the prisoners to wake them up. 

Gen. Pettus was fortunate in being out of line at one of 
these halts, and in the darkness was not missed by the guard. 
Finding himself alone, he hastily made for the woods and 
escaped. He rejoined his regiment in time to participate at 
Champion Hill and Baker's Creek, and with Pemberton was 
forced into Vicksburg. During the siege his colonel (Garrett) 
was killed, and Gen. Tracy having already fallen, he was 
promoted to the rank of brigadier general. He survived the 
siege of Vicksburg, surrendered with Pemberton's army, and 
afterwards won distinction with his brigade on many fiercely 
contested fields to the end of the war. The rest of us were 
taken to the Alton penitentiary, where many died with the 
smallpox. Some were sent on to Johnson's Island from the 
penitentiary, where the survivors lingered till the close of 
the war. Others were exchanged at City Point, in which 
number I was counted, to continue the fight until surrendered 
at Greensboro with Gen., Joe Johnston. 



ESCAPE FROM NEW ORLEANS PRISON. 

The following paper was read before the Granbury Chapter 
of the U. D. C., at Granbury, Tex,, by Mrs, Annie S, Mc- 
Kinnon, of Tascosa, Tex, : 

"This is the story as it was told by the veteran himself. 



It was in an unsuccessful attempt to capture Fort Butler, near 
the little village of Donaldsville, in Louisiana, that Samuel 
Hancock Smith was captured. He was shot from the parapet, 
and received a terrible wound. It was two o'clock in the 
morning of June 28, 1863, when he was shot. The Federals 
placed him on an .old sailcloth beside a dead comrade of theirs, 
and there he lay from 8 a.m. until 3 P.M., covered by thou- 
sands of flies. Finally, after piteous pleadings, the Yankees 
carried him to a tent, and he was placed beside the dying body 
of a major of the Confederate army. This gentleman, by the 
way, was a member of an old Virginia family of gentle birth 
and wealthy. While in his death agony, the poor boy twitch- 
ing convulsively as if struggling to hold the noble spirit, 
human vultures appeared, tearing the ring from his finger, 
the gold buttons from his shirt, and rifling his pockets. 

"You can imagine the condition of the wounded soldier who 
received no medical attention from the day he was wounded, 
the 28th, until the 3Qth. They thought his wound was fatal, 
and momentarily expected the end. On the 29th the prisoners 
were started by water to New Orleans, arriving there the fol- 
lowing evening. 

"With the rest of the wounded Mr. Smith was put in the 
prison hospital, and remained there five months before he 
became convalescent. His life was due to that grandest body 
of women that ever lived, the 'women of the Confederacy.' 
Those who dwelt in the beautiful, quaint old city of New 
Orleans were ceaseless and untiring in their efforts to alleviate 
the sufferings of their soldier boys in New Orleans prisons. 
All the wiles of the feminine heart, all the arts of a woman's 
nature, were brought into play. One beautiful lady (her 
picture is a treasured possession) claimed Smith as her 
nephew and a young lady as cousin, so they got to visit 
him daily, taking to him fruit and other delicacies. But for 
a water bed furnished by the ladies of the city he would 
surely have died. This kept down inflammation, and he lay 
on it three months. As soon as he was able to sit up he was 
taken to the prison house proper (the old customhouse), 
where the prisoners were herded together, many in a room. 
Their beds were filthy blankets, and their fare was bread, 
water, and said to be 'mule meat.' 

"Mr. Smith was once placed in a cell in solitary confine- 
ment for infringement of prison rules; but the thing that 
stung was to march between two rows of grinning, jeering 
negro soldiers, with bayonets ready to run him through if he 
made the least sign. Truly a brave sight I One poor, weak, 
emaciated, handcuffed white boy, hardly able to move a 
muscle, forced to march between lines of dusky demons, 
whose ancestors yet live in the jungles of Africa, In the 
cell he was fed on bread and water, with one gnod meal for 
Sunday, Here he stayed three weeks. 

"The following incident may offend the delicate sensibili- 
ties of some, but it serves to illustrate the soldier's loyalty, 
and more especially love for fun, even under the prison's 
shadow. A cavalry recruiting officer came at several dif- 
ferent times, his special purpose being to persuade them to 
desert. He painted glowing pictures of the fine horses they 
would have to ride, the clothes they would wear, the food 
given to eat, and the bounty offered by President Lincoln. 
But the boys got tired of it. They swore at him and made 
sport of him. but all to no purpose. So, to quote their, own 
words, they 'lay for him,' and tobacco juice was the watch- 
word. Several of the boys became interested in his story (?), 
and asked all sorts of questions. How elated he felt when 
such a crowd gathered around ! He already had visions of pro- 
motion. It was winter, and he had on a heavy army overcoat 



20 



Confederate l/eterap. 



The boys behind chewed vigorously, and expectorated unerr- 
ingly always at some point on that overcoat. He waxed 
eloquent, the boys in front grew feverish, and the boys behind 
never missed an aim. Tobacco juice actually trickled from 
the Federal cavalryman's overcoat as he made his most un- 
ceremonious exit, never to return. 

"The young lady who had called Mr. Sinith 'cousin' in the 
hospital had not forgotten him. She and 'Aunt Sallie,' the 
elderly lady, came often to the regular prison. One day she 
seemed a bit nervous ; her hoop skirts stood out even more 
stiffly than usual. When she went away there was a rope of 
sufficient length to reach the pavement stowed safely up the 
fire flue. The terribly injured back and one useless arm pre- 
cluded all hope of escape to Mr. Smith. Fifteen or twenty 
fellows got away, however. The last fell when about halfway 
down, and was rendered insensible. 

"There was a second siege of hospital life for Mr. Smith ; 
he took smallpox, and was in the hospital five weeks. Finally 
came welcome news that there was to be an exchange of 
prisoners. With a number of others Mr. Smith was put on 
board the steamer Polar Star at the rear of Bank's fleet. 
They steamed up the Mississippi into the Red River. When 
not far below Mansfield the news came of Bank's defeat, 
and the boat was reversed and started back to New Orleans. 
Mr. Smith and a comrade named Snell resolved on escape or 
death. It was nine o'clock at night when they made a dash for 
liberty. Snell went overboard first, and the guard was taken 
so by surprise that when he fired at Snell the bullet fell 
short of the mark; Smith then knocked the gun up and 
jumped. The guard thought he had shot Mr. Smith through, 
and reported him dead. A comrade watching the affair 
thought so too, until meeting him at the U. C. V. at Dallas. 
With only one arm, he could do but little swimming. He 
relied on floating, but was so exhausted and nearly strangled 
when he reached the shore that he could not pull himself 
out. Fortunately, his comrade was near and rescued him. 

"Then came nine days of weary wandering and almost 
starvation. They were in the jayhawker strip, with Yankees 
all about. There were lagoons to traverse, with their cypress 
knees, mud, and water. Their first help was from an old man 
at a little cabin. He had little to give, but told them to travel 
only at night and to hide in' the deepest, darkest thickets 
in daytime. They grew so weak, stiff, and sore that the 
time came when the wounded man was the stronger. Their 
food was principally the young shoots and twigs of trees. 
In an old, deserted cabin they found a bacon rind and a few 
ears of corn, and on these they feasted. Finally they came 
to a cabin, where they got a good meal, and the woman di- 
rected them to a settlement six miles away. There they 
found one of their recruiting officers, and he sent them to 
their old command at McNutt Hill. On the eleventh day after 
their escape they walked up to their commanding officer. Mr. 
Smith had been reported dead, lost from the Polar Star. 
The officer, Capt. John W. Squires, threw up his hands and 
exclaimed: 'My God! can this be Sam Smith?'" 



MONTGOMERY CONFEDERATE MONUMENT. 
"Through the untiring energy and boundless influence of 
the Ladies' Memorial Association, this monument day by day 
grows heavenward, a beautiful and blessed soul tribute of the 
South to memories which can never die, but which shall 
live through the cycles of time, admonishing hoary age and 
thoughtless youth of a storm-cradled nation that went down to 
rise no more, leaving behind it, in inextinguishable brilliancy, 
Jboth wisdom and truth, to guide us ever onward and upward. 



Near its base the Southern Confederacy was born. It is 
indeed a hallowed spot. Here it was that the new nation 
was committed to the keeping of Mr. Davis, and echoing 
in the hearts of many yet living are his responsive words : 
'I will, so help me God.' 

"Causes which gave birth to the Confederacy are, like it, 
buried to rise no more. The monument is the tombstone of 
both. While it commemorates the fatigues, hardships, and 
privations incident to soldiers whose government could not 
equip or feed them, it also memorializes the tears, the ago- 




CONFEDERATE MONUMENT AT MONTGOMT-KY, AI.\. 

nies, the blood, and death of noble men who gave their 
lives a sacrifice upon a country's altar. Its mounting spire is 
no threat of antagonism to the Stars and Stripes, and is 
an assurance that the New South cherishes fond recollections 
of the past and clinging hopes of the future." 

The above lines were written by a Confederate, Jas. W. 
Powell, formerly of Montgomery, Ala., at the request of 
B. L. Aycock, Esq., of San Antonio. Comrade Powell re- 
sides now in San Antonio, Tex. He affiliates with Albert 
Sidney Johnston Camp No. 144 of Confederate Veterans. 
He heard the words from Jefferson Davis's lips, "So help 
me God." With moistened eye he relates that scene of scenes 
where Mr. Davis took the oath of office. 



THIRTEENTH VIRGINIA AT FREDERICKSBURG. 

ADDRESS OF CAPT. S. D. BUCK, OF BALTI MORE, MD., BEFOKE THE BUCHANAN 
CAMP, U. C. V. 

The first battle of Fredericksburg had been fought and 
won. Burnside followed the fate of his predecessors, and 
now the two armies rested upon the banks of the beautiful 
Rappahannock River, which for months was the dividing line 
between the hostile forces. Jackson's Corps after the battle 
in December went into winter quarters at Moss Neck, guard- 
ing the villages and ferries from Fredericksburg down to 
Port Royal. The Army of the Potomac was being recruited 
from every clime under the shining sun, while the Confed- 
erates could only rest and hope in the heroism of their mem- 
bers and be recruited from the "cradle" and sick rolls; but 
the few we had were tried and true, and could withstand the 



Confederate l/eterap. 



21 



hardships of army life, sing the songs of patriotisni, and 
glory in the deeds accomplished. McClellan, Burnside, 
Shields, McDowell, Banks, and others had measured swords 
with Lee and Jackson, and now "Fighting Joe Hooker" took 
command of the Army of the Potomac, an accomplished 
soldier, and with an army that had never before been equaled 
in number and equipment much was expected of him. The 
press of the North, under flaming headlines, declared Rich- 
mond would fall in thirty days. 

Monday, April 27, Hooker's preparations were completed, 
and Tuesday night his first, third, and sixth corps were at 
Franklin's Crossing, three miles below Fredericksburg. Stone- 
man had begun his cavalry raid to the James River, and that 
brilliant leader, J. E. B. Stuart, had his forces in motion, and 
captured prisoners from Howard, Slocum, and Meade. 

Pardon me for digressing just a moment. I cannot pass 
by the grave of one who fell March 17, at Kelly's Ford, 
Maj. John Pelham. Roses and lilies bloom and bow their 
heads over his grave where he sleeps in his Southland, and 
I feel like bowing my head in thanksgiving that God gave 
Pelham to the South. Lee, the immortal, baptized him "Pel- 
ham the gallant," when his Napoleons thundered upon the 
flanks of Burnside's army. I had the honor of fighting by 
his side at Sharpsburg when' the Thirteenth supported his 
lattery on our left, and was promoted to first lieutenant 
in the provisional army of Confederate States for conduct 
on that field. The horses could not drag the heavy guns 
over the plowed field, and the men of that grand old regi- 
ment almost carried the pieces to a position only a few 
hundred yards in front of the enemy, and Pelham loaded • 
each gun with double charges and kept thousands of the 
enemy back. I see him now, and wish I could portray the 
picture on canvas, that every Southern boy might see it 
and be proi'd that such an example was left him. He was 
taken from us, and we mourned our loss. 

"But his fame on brightest pages. 
Penned by poets and by sages, 
Shall go sounding down the ages." 
Hooker crossed at Germania and Ely's Ford. Gen. Stuart 
had discovered Hooker's plans, and at once informed his 
illustrious chief that Hooker was concentrating his whole 
army at Chancellorsville. 

As my paper is to treat upon the Thirteenth Virginia at 
Fredericksburg, I must leave Hooker in his trenches at 
Chancellorsville and turn to Early. Gen. Sedgwick, with 
twenty-five thousand troops, crossed the river three miles 
below Fredericksburg April 29. Jackson's Corps drew up 
in front of him. D. H. Hill was on the right at Hamilton's 
Crossing, his right on Massaponox Creek. It was discovered 
by Gen. Lee that Sedgwick's move was a feint. In conse- 
quence, he ordered Jackson to leave one division of his corps 
in front of Sedgwick and to move on Chancellorsville with 
the rest of his troops. Gen. Early's division of eight thou- 
sand was left to confront Sedgwick with twenty-five thousand. 
Jackson moved out Wednesday night late, and the entire line 
W3% occupied by Early. My regiment, the Thirteenth Vir- 
ginia, ur.'der Col. J. B. Terrell, was on picket duty at the old 
gas house. Col. Smith (Extra Billy) commanded the brigade. 
The morning the Federals crossed we were ordered back, and 
formed a skirmish line, the three right companies on the 
road leading down to the river and the others, or left wing 
of the regiment, swung back from the road, connecting, I 
think, with a North Carolina regiment. As we moved back 
from the river and were deploying as skirmishers the first 
shell from Falmouth Heights greeted us, and as we marched 



back to the Bowling Green road the enemy had good prac- 
tice at us, but did no harm. Part of the regiment took posi- 
tion against the south bank of the road, the condition of 
which gave us good protection. Companies I, K, and H (the 
latter my company) were protected by the embankment on 
each side of the road, while the companies on our left were 
in open field; but the soil being light and sandy, the men 
were soon at work throwing up rifle pits, and almost every 
fellow dug a hole that protected him to the waist. I was 
on the extreme right and within speaking distance of the 
enemy, who had moved forward and were in the road to our 
left and on our right, conformed to our line and in the open 
field. We were not over two hundred yards apart, and not a 
musket had been fired. As before stated, my company, with I 
and K, occupied the right of the regiment and of the army. 

The Colonel was near-sighted and came to where I stood, 
watching our flank, which was exposed, and, handing me his 
field glasses, asked me what was going on in front. After a 
careful examination, I told him that the lawn in front of 
the stone house was full of soldiers and many officers. He at 
once sent a messenger back to report this fact, and suggested 
that artillery should open on them, which was done, and 
heavy firing soon began on both sides. I learned later that 
our shells did great damage, as the house was the headquarters 
of a general officer. While this duel was in progress Col. 
Terrell became very restless, and again appealed to my better 
sight. I took the glasses and described the position of the 
enemy's line of battle and their battery in our immediate 
front. Their infantry occupied the roadbed in front of our 
' left wing. He said that the left must move forward and pos- 
sess the road. Had his eyes seen what mine did, he would 
have hesitated; but he knew what he was doing, and believed 
the regiment would take the road if ordered to do so. Draw- 
ing his sword, he in a loud, sharp voice ordered "Right 
wheel." The order almost took my breath, as I knew the line 
of battle in the road within two hundred yards of where I 
stood would deliver a deadly volley as soon as our men rose, 
and so did he. I was first lieutenant, and several senior 
oflScers were present; but. taking in the situation, I leaped 
into the road and called the men to follow. The enemy gave 
our left a direct volley. I ordered a left oblique fire, and 
struck them square in the flank and in the back. Their line 
broke, and as they crossed the road our men who had not 
gotten in position in time for the first fire now got their 
work in. Our left sufTered terribly, but gained the position. 
The slaughter, for numbers rngaged, was heavy. I could 
almost walk on the enemy's dead for one hundred yards 
without touching the ground. We drove them back, but 
could not cross the road on account of artillery; but we 
rendered the battery in our immediate front useless by killing 
every man who ventured to it. We had it our way for only 
a short time. As they could not dislodge us from the front, 
they moved to our left flank two pieces of artillery, plant- 
ing them three hundred yards away on a knoll, and raked 
us with grape, canister, and shrapnel for two hours. In this 
engagement I was shot. The ball lodged in my blanket, mak- 
ing thirt.v-two holes. 

I never saw a hotter place, but we stuck to the position, 
holding it until next day, when we saw the United States 
flag on the hill at "Marye House." We fell back that night 
and joined Gen. Early, marching to Chancellorsville. Next 
day we were met by Gen. Lee, who had disposed of Hooker, 
and now came down to pay his respects to Sedgwick. Gen. 
Early put Col. Terrell again in front with the Thirteenth 
Virginia as skirmishers "to feel the enemy." The position 



22 



(^oi)federat^ l/eterai>. 



they occupied was very strong. We made five distinct charges, 
and broke their lines every time, but could not hold them. 
From the plank road leading from Orange C. H. to Fred- 
ericksburg, looking northwest, we could see plainly their lines 
on the hill protected by underbrush. To get to them we had 
to cross a bottom for fully a quarter of a mile, in the center 
of which there was a ditch several feet deep and a small 
stream of water, and on charging across this field the com- 
mand had to jump this ditch or get down into it on one side 
and climb up on the other. -When we got to this point we 
received a heavy volley from the enemy on the hill in front, 
which caused the men to take advantage of the protection 
thus afforded, and some time was lost in getting them for- 
ward. Col. Terrell led the charge, and as we dashed up the 
hill through the bushes a terrible fire met us from the woods 
held by the enemy; but on we went until within a few yards 
of the line, when they broke and fell back, but before we 
could get into the works another heavy line of skirmishers 
came up and drove us back. Five distinct charges were made 
by the regiment, and every time reenforcements came up in 
'time to check us. In the first charge a Federal officer was 
holding his men to their works by his own reckless courage : 
standing on the works and urging them to hold on to their 
position. One of my company was wounded by my side 
(M. C. Copenhaver, a gallant soldier), and as he fell I took 
his gun and fired at the officer, who fell either by my shot or 
some one else's. As we fell back, Gen. Early sent forward 
another regiment to relieve the pressure. At the ditch re- 
ferred to above we rallied, and my orderly sergeant, James 
W. Legg, an excellent soldier, was killed. I saw the lint 
fly from his gray coat when the ball struck him, and he fell 
forward in the ditch. I jumped down and tried to lift him 
up, but could not. When I got up I was alone, the command 
having left me, and for fully two hundred and fifty yards 
I ran, "because I could not fly," and every jump a bullet 
struck near me. This is the only time I ever tried to carry 
a man off the field. It is a wrong principle; better protect 
your friends by driving the enemy. I had the misfortune 
to run a ramrod through my hand in trying to load a musket. 
It was bleeding freely and the Colonel ordered me back to 
the surgeon. It was a painful wound, but was well in a few 
days. There was not a better regiment in the army than the 
Thirteenth Virginia. Gen. Lee said, "It was a splendid body 
of men;" Gen. Ewell, "It is the only regiment that never 
fails ;" Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, "It always does exactly what I 
tell it ;" Gen. Early, "They can do more hard fighting and be 
in better plight than any other troops I ever saw." 

About 4 P.M., May 30, 1864, the gallant Col. Terrell fell at 
Cold Harbor. His commission as brigadier general was at 
Gen. Lee's headquarters when he fell, and he did not know 
of this honor; 

"But his name shall never be forgot 
While Fame her record keeps, 
And Glory points the hallowed spot 
Where Valor proudly sleeps." 

The day after the charges referred to, as we were going 
to camp, an artillery regiment on the roadside, overlooking the 
position we fought for, and who saw the charges we made, 
gave us three cheers, and said they regretted that they could 
not help us, but could not do so without hurting us, as we 
were too close to the enemy. With such commanders as 
A. P. Hill, James A. Wheeler, and James B. Terrell, it is not 
surprising that the regiment stood as it did and received 
compliments from the commanding generals and others. 

How the past looms up before me I I dream of the army. 



I hear their martial tread. I dream of those who touched 
elbows in the charge, I dream of the cause for which we 
fought ; but the Confedrate soldier is no dream, the flag under 
which he marched is no dream. It was real, and the deeds 
of the Confederate army have been written in blood upon 
the pages of history, and will stand in golden letters through- 
out the ages. Time will but brighten and add to its glory, 
and generations to come will be proud to trace their lineage 
to the men whose deeds and daring electrified not only a 
nation but the world. 



LIDDELL'S DIVISION AT CHICKAMAUGA. 

BY J. W. MINNICH, GRAND ISLE, LA. 

In the October issue of the Veteran is a communication 
from Capt. J. D. Smith, of the Twenty-Fourth Mississippi, 
concerning the battle of Chickamauga, which is a very in- 
teresting and truthful account from Comrade Smith's point 
of view as remembered by him after a lapse of forty-one 
years ; but it is calculated to still further "confound the con- 
fusion" resulting from the various conflicting reports, of- 
ficial and others, of the operations conducted, or misconducted, 
during those two terrible days in the woods of Chickamauga. 
With the operations of the second day I have nothing to do ; 
my command saw absolutely nothing. But of the operations 
of the first day at and in the neighborhood of Jay's Mill, irj 
front of Baird's and Brannan's Divisions, I was not only 
an eyewitness to all that occurred, but an active particip."nt 
from the firing of the first volley by Croxton's Brigade of 
Brannan's Division at 7:30 a.m. until both he and Baird were 
driven back into the woods, "after five hours of fighting," 
according to Federal official reports. 

Now the main question is: Who did the driving? Gen. Hill, 
in his Century article some years ago, says it was Liddell's 
Division, thus: "Baird now began a readjustment of his lines, 
and during the confusion of the movement Liddell's Division, 
two thousand strong, struck the brigades of Scribner and 
King and drove them pellmell, capturing Loomis's Battery, 
commanded by Lieut. Van Pelt," etc. This does not agree 
with Capt. Smith's account of the "shooting match," as seen by 
myself and others of my command who added our mite 
toward inducing Baird to take to the woods. Nor do any of 
the official or unofficial reports which have come under my 
notice agree with the actual facts of the first four hours of 
fighting on the 19th — that is to say, from 7:30 a.m. till high 
noon. 

There is a lack of accuracy in the dates given by Com- 
rade Smith, unless it be a misprint by the Veteran's type. 
He says it was on the i8th. My own recollection is that it 
was on the 19th, and it is upheld by every mention of the 
battle heretofore published. It is evident that Comrade 
Smith's memory has become somewhat confused in the race 
with time, and he sadly mixes facts with faulty memory. 
In the first place, he says that "our position was on the ex- 
treme right of our line," and "our right flank being protected 
by Forrest's Cavalry;" and farther down he speaks of the 
enemy's "works." This would naturally cause the reader to 
conclude that the enemy had time to throw up some kind of 
protection against our assaults. Comrade Smith has evidently 
confused the events of the second day with those of the first. 
Vanderveer's Brigade, of Brannan's Division, was the ex- 
treme left of Rosecrans's army on the morning of the 19th 
(and remained in its first position until late in the afternoon), 
its skirmishers throwing their bullets into the right flank 
and rear of Forrest's First Brigade of Georgia Cavalry dis- 
mounted on the hill in front of Jay's Mill, and, passing over 



Qopfederate Ueterap. 



23 



our line, went in the direction of Baird's lines, who were less 
than four hundred yards in our front and left. To Vander- 
veer's right and directly in our front was Croxton's Brigade, 
of the same division, three hundred to four hundred yards dis- 
tant, perfectly concealed by the scrub black-jack brush. On 
Croxton's rear and right was Baird's Division. (See Roster, 
page 4.) These were the two divisions which attacked the 
First Georgia Brigade, dismounted, on the low hill in front 
of Jay's Mill, and were held in check by it until Walker's 
men (Liddell's Division) came in after 12 m. and drove Baird 
■and Croxton off the ground, Vanderveer holding his posi- 
tion an hour longer, if not more. 

Now the question is: Whose brigade was it that drove 
Baird and Croxton from our front? We knew at the time 
that they were of Walker's Corps. The extreme right of the 
line was so close to me that I could almost note the expression 
of the nearest man. As the line reached the fence, holding 
their guns at "ready" in their right hands, with the left they 
pushed the rails until they could step over and align on the 
wood side next to the enemy, never taking their eyes from 
the brush in front, where Baird's men lay concealed less than 
one hundred and fifty yards distant. There was, and had been, 
no "confusion" in Baird's lines up to this time. Baird and 
Croxton were both waiting and ready. 

Comrade Smith says that these were Walthall's men "on the 
extreme right of the line." But he says that "Ector's and 
Liddell's Brigades, successively, had made an effort to dis- 
lodge them, but had failed." Gen. Hill says it was "Liddell's 
Division, two thousand strong, that struck the brigades of 
Scribner and King and drove them pellmell." But here is a 
fact which will be vouched for by every living member of the 
First Georgia Brigade who was in the fight that day : 
These were the first infantry to come on the field within the 
range of our sight and hearing, and the only works they 
were called upon to drive Baird and Brannan from were the 
works of nature — i. e., big trees and scrub black-jack. There 
had been no previous attempts to dislodge Baird from the 
direction of Alexander's House, where Walker's Corps lay, 
as we from our position could plainly see, there being a wide 
field to our left over which these gray lines advanced. 

The Federal reports say of Baird and Brannan that "after 
five hours of fighting the divisions were withdrawn." We 
say that with the exception of Vandcrvcer's Brigade they 
were driven, and it was most beautifully done, but at a cost 
of one-half of the driving force. But again official reports 
say that Ector's and Wilson's Brigades were first sent against 
Baird and Brannan (Wilson's) "sometime after eight o'clock," 
and Ector's "about nine;" "and at 10:30 Liddell's Division 
was also sent to the right." Both divisions became heavily 
"engaged." (See Rosier, page 24.) Now this does not at all 
tally with Capt. Smith's account, nor does it tally with the 
facts; and, so far as Wilson's and Ector's operations any- 
where near the mill are concerned, before Liddell's Di- 
vision routed Baird and Croxton, it does not tally at all. I 
have always had too high a regard for Gen. Walthall to en- 
deavor to detract in any way from his gallant record. 

When we write history, let us have facts, not fancies or 
beliefs. As before stated, there was a wide-open field to our 
left, and for a full quarter of a mile we had from our left 
an almost unobstructed view ; and until we saW Liddell's 
Division coming over it nearly half a mile distant we had not 
seen a single infantry command. Official reports say that 
"at 10:30" Licidell was sent to the right — that is to say, at 
10:30 the order was given for Liddell to hurry to the relief 
of Forrest's Brigade at Jay's Mill, which was being battered 



out of all semblance of organization by Baird and Brannan. 
None of Bragg's corp or division commanders made a move 
without orders from headquarters, therefore we can well 
surmise that the order to hurry to our relief came direct 
from headquarters, and headquarters were at Leet's Tanyard, 
seven miles distant. Certain it is that Liddell did not fire a 
shot until after 12 M. 

Gen. Forrest rode along the front of our line after 10 a.m. 
He no doubt recognized the great value our position would 
be to the enemy, and encouraged us thus: "Hold on, boys, 
the infantry is coming ; they'll soon be here to relieve you." 
No doubt he believed that himself, but the "soon" seemed 
to be the longest of its kind ever spun out. But when the 
relief did come it came with the force of a battering-ram, anj 
in less than fifteen minutes Baird was going to the rear, 
taking Croxton with him. Now, who did the driving, Wal- 
thall's Brigade alone, or did Govan's (Liddell's) help? It 
was a pretty heavy contract for a single brigade to under- 
take. Liddell's Division was composed of Govan's and Wal- 
thall's Brigades, and this is the first time I have seen it 
stated that either of them went into that action separately. 
.Another thing which convinces me that Comrade Smith con- 
founds the events of the second day with those of the first is 
his statement about Walthall's asking permission to "charge 
them." According to all statements heretofore given us. 
Walker's Corps was bivouacked near Alexander's House 
(which was only a short distance from the bridge of the 
same name), more than a mile in a straight line from where 
we were at the mill, and Baird and Brannan in our front were 
still farther by not less than three hundred yards, and no 
previous assault had been made on either. We did not assault, 
but acted strictly on the defensive against four times our 
own number and completely concealed. 

It is strange how we see things and remember events so 
differently, and bow glaring errors, based on faulty informa- 
tion no doubt, are published and accepted as history. The 
first day's fighting at Chickamauga has about as many errors 
to its credit as any battle ever fought. It was fought in the 
woods, and errors grew on every tree. One of the most 
glaring is the official account of the opening of the battle, and 
it is perhaps from this that Comrade Smith gleaned the idea 
of the unsuccessful assault on Baird by Ector. Let us first 
examine Gen. Hill's version, a most fanciful sketch of an 
event that never happened. Gen. Hill's Corps was "the ex- 
treme left" with center at Glass's Mill, six and a half miles 
from where the fight opened, not by roads, but as the crow 
Hies, and it is presumable that he was with his corps, inas- 
much as the order of battle had been delivered by Gen. 
Bragg to his corps commanders the evening previous (the 
18th), and could have had no personal knowledge of what was 
liappening on the extreme right of a six and a half mile line. 
He says: "Croxton's Brigade, of Brannan's Division, met 
Forrest's Cavalry on the Reed's Bridge road and drove it 
back on the infantry, two small brigades under Ector and 
Wilson. These advanced with the 'Rebel yell,' pushed Crox- 
ton back, and ran over his battery, but were in turn beaten 
back by Brannan's and Baird's forces." Of all the errors 
ever published about this fight, this is about the worst. The 
only truth in it is the fact that two of our regiments (cavalry), 
the Tenth Confederate and the Third Georgia, were met by 
Brannan and driven back, not on the infantry but on the other 
part of their own brigades at Jay's Mill. This was about 
7 :30 A.M., and Ector and Wilson were then near Alexander's 
House, more than a mile distant, with the rest of their 
corps (Walker's). 



24 



Qoijfederac^ l/eterai}. 



Now let us look over the official fancy sketch on file at 
headquarters, Office of Records of the War of the Rebellion, 
and given to the world upon the occasion of the dedication 
of Chickamauga Park, September 19, 1895. It says: "Bran- 
nan was ordered forward quite early on the 19th to beat up 
a Confederate brigade reported to be isolated on the west 
side. Brannan soon ran into Forrest's Cavalry, and speedily 
drove it back [that much is true, but right there the truth 
stops short and fancy takes the reins] on the infantry, which 
disclosed not a lone brigade, but a vast force pressing for- 
ward to seize the roads to Chattanooga." The "vast force" 
was the First Georgia Brigade, dismounted, with a "park of 
artillery" (?), consisting of two three-inch Parrotts and a 
twelve-pounder Napoleon, on the hill in front of Jay's Mill 
waiting for him. Four skeleton regiments and one battalion 
(about one thousand men), and one regiment with about six 
hundred effectives— six all told— against Brannan's nine; and 
about a half hour later (see Roster, page 4) a brigade of four, 
at least, of Baird's Division and three batteries. According 
to their own account, it was four and a half hours later that 
they had their first sight of any infantry whatever. But we 
were lying prone on the bare crest, and had long guns of 
all patterns, from the converted flintlock to the most im- 
proved Belgian, Springfield, Minie, Austrian, and Enfield. 
We might have looked like infantry, and doubtless they 
thought we acted as if we had a whole corps to support us; 
but the "vast force" they met at the starting of the row was 
vast in their imagination only. While it is true that a con- 
siderable number of our troops had crossed the river during 
the night of the i8th, not a single regiment was to be seen 
by either Brannan or Baird from their position in the brush 
on our front. Hence, they could not in any manner estimate 
the force in their immediate front. 

Gen. Henry V. Boynton commanded an Ohio regiment in 
Vanderveer's Brigade (the Thirty-Fifth Ohio), and in a letter 
on the subject he says that it was the stubborn resistance to 
their advance at Jay's Mill which caused the belief that they 
were opposed by "a much larger force than you now reveal 
to us." Nor does he, an active participant, make any men- 
tion of any previous attempt upon Brannan or Baird, nor has 
be any knowledge of Croxton having been "run over" by 
Ector and Wilson ; and he was certainly in a position to 
know if anything of the kind had happened, as this brigade 
joined his on the right. None of the official reports make 
mention of any assault having been made upon Baird by 
any infantry whatever until after he had been driven from 
his first position by Liddell's Division, of which Comrade 
Smith's brigade (Walthall's) formed a part. In his eager 
pursuit of Baird, Liddell suddenly found himself flanked by 
Gen. Richard W. Johnson's division of fresh troops sent 
hurriedly forward from Kelly's Field to the support of Baird, 
.ind by Johnson's and Baird's reorganized division was in 
turn pushed back almost to the very spot from which he had 
driven Baird only an hour or so before. Capt. Smith makes 
no mention of this retrograde movement, when impelled 
thereto by a superior force, and yet his brigade was engaged 
in it. It is a well-known fact that our troops did not have 
a walk-over on the first day any more than they did on the 
second, nor was their path strewn with roses either day. 
It was a kind of seesaw game, although it finally resulted in 
the Yankees having but a small part of the board left to hang 
to when night came, and by the second night they had slid 
olT altogether. 

I would not have written to such length but for the fact 
that the Confederate Veteran is not only the mouthpiece 



of the Confederate soldiers, but is intended to perpetuate 
their deeds — a faithful history of their achievements — and its 
pages should not be mixed with errors. Its aim is the truth 
and fairness toward all concerned, and we, each and all, who 
contribute to its columns should not allow any unjust dis- 
crimination to mar its pages. Let us all remember right be- 
fore we write, nor rely on memory alone. 



OVER HIS HEART THE PICTURE OF LEE. 

One of the "Old Guard" of the great Napoleon was dying 
on the field of Waterloo. The surgeon in attendance was 
probing for the ball that had entered the stalwart form near 
the heart. The case was a hopeless one, but there was no 
groan of pain from the dying hero. He looked up at the 
surgeon and said, as the steel instrument entered his breast : 
"Go deeper, go into the heart, doctor, and you will find the 
Emperor there." This has been handed down through the 
years as an example of love and devotion on the part of a 
soldier for the general who sent him into battle and to death. 
By some it is considered a pretty story from the imagination 
of a smart writer, and soon forgotten. Yet there occurred in 
Augusta, Ga., an incident that illustrates the love of the old 
soldier for his leader. 

About fifteen minutes prior to the departure of the four 
o'clock train on the Georgia road an old gentleman entered 
one of the cars of the waiting train and deposited his bundles 
in convenient places. He was perfectly sober and apparently 
in perfect health as he took his seat in the car. Suddenly 
there was the sound of some one gasping for breath, and 
the nearest passenger turned and saw the old gentleman 
evidently in the throes of death. The alarm was sounded, 
the services of a physician were secured, but death claimed 
the old gentleman before the doctor could get to him. 

No one in the car seemed to know the dead passenger, and 
a search through his clothing began to see if there was any- 
thing that would serve as an identification. A little inner 
pocket was found on the left side of the vest, a very unusual 
place. There was a paper resting in the bottom of the pocket, 
and when taken out it was found to be a badly faded, much- 
worn picture of Robert E. Lee. It was evident that this 
picture of the great chieftain had rested over the heart of this 
old soldier for many years. Jabe Griffin had been true through 
four decades to the memory of the man to whom he had given 
love, devotion, and confidence away back in the sixties when 
the war call sounded through Dixie Land.— Augusta (Ga.) 
.Chronicle. 




DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY IN ARKANSAS. 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



V. Y. COC A, 

NOT LOAIMABLt 



25 



DISBANDING PRESIDENT DAVIS'S ESCORT. 

BY L. C. m'aLLISTER. 

At the Nashville reunion I met a comrade of the Second 
Alabama Cavalry, Ferguson's Brigade, who informed me that 
he was one of Mr. Davis's escort that accompanied Gen. 
Ferguson to Gen. Breckinridge's headquarters, and was there 
paroled and disbanded by Gen. Ferguson. He stated that 
he had found it difficult to join any Confederate Camps, be- 
cause he did not have a parole signed by a Federal officer. 
As there may be others like my Alabama friend, I think it well 
to publish the circumstances under which these paroles were 
given and a list of those to whom they were issued. I filled 
out many of these papers and kept a list of names; and while 
it may not be complete, it is very nearly so. 

We were camped near Washington, Ga., Gen. S. W. Fer- 
guson's Brigade, with some other cavalry, acting as escort 
to President Davis. The gold and silver of the treasury had 
been paid out to the troops, our regiment receiving twenty- 
five dollars per capita, men and officers alike. Gen John- 
ston had surrendered, and much discussion was indulged in 
by men and officers as to whether or not we were included 
in that surrender. On the evening of the 4th of May, 1865, 
Gen. Ferguson ordered the command to 'saddle up." Col. 
Boyle, of the Fifty-Sixth Alabama, refused to obey the order 
unless informed that we were not to engage in hostilities, 
stating that he believed we were included in Gen. Johnston's 
surrender, whereupon Gen. Ferg ison, who thought otherwise, 
saying Gen. Johnston had not included Mr. Davis's escort 
in the troops surrendered, ordered Col. Boyle under arrest. 
When marching orders were given, the other officers of the 
regiment refused to obey unless Col. Boyle was relieved. 
Gen. Ferguson then sent word to the men and officers of the 
brigade to meet him near the center of the camp. He made 
us a little talk, said that he did not think we were included 
in the surrender of Gen. Johnston ; had hoped that his bri- 
gade would be the last troops to surrender east of the 
Chattahooche River, but was unable to enforce his orders, 
and he would be pleased to have as many of the men and 
officers as chose to do so accompany him to Gen. Breckin- 
ridge's headquarters, some four or five miles west of Wash- 
ington, where he would report that he no longer had a bri- 
gade. Between ninety and a hundred men and officers went 
with him. 

That night we discussed the matter freely, and decided 
we would escort Mr. Davis to the Mississippi River, or to 
Mexico if he desired it. Next morning, however, Gen. Fer- 
guson called us together and informed us that Gen. Breckin- 
ridge had told him we "could do no more," that Mr. Davis 
had gone on, and for us to take advantage of Gen. Johnston's 
terms of surrender. Gen. Ferguson then said that he wished 
to shake hands with every man who had stood by him to the 
last, and as he passed down the line the men. as well as the 
General, were all crying. Every man was furnished with a 
written parole signed "By Command of S. W. Ferguson, 
Brigadier General ; T. K. Irwin, Captain ard A. A. A. Gen- 
eral." I wrote the paroles for the men and saw Capt. Irwin 
sign them. Capt. Irwin was then placed in command of us, 
.Tnd we started for home. We soon came up with some Yan- 
kee cavalry, and when we informed them that we had sur- 
rendered under Gen. Johnston they made no further inquiry, 
but told us that we must give up our arms, which we did, leav- 
ing them in a house about seven miles west of Washington. I 
acted as quartermaster for Capt. Irwin as long as we were 
together. 

The followinp: is the roll of men who reported to Gen. 



Breckinridge May 4, 1865, being the last command to report 
for duty to the Secretary of War of the Confederate States: 

Brig. Gen. S. W. Ferguson. 

Staff Officers.— dpts. T. K. Irwin, A. J. Sykes, C. Rice, 
and F. E. Richardson; Maj. J. M. Foster; Lieuts. J. A. 
Tomlinson and J. W. Thompson. 

Second Alabama Cavalry.— R. M. Hill, Surgeon; H. T. 
Cochrane, Major. Company A: William Prater, O. Hester. 
Company C: W. Lawrence, T. Parish. Company D: W. H. 
Clements, Sergeant; C. Martin, J. Dockery, N. Gore, T. 
Carson, and J. Sanders. Company G: C. D. McQueen and 
J. H. Tekel, Sergeants; H. H. Tekel. Company H: E. K. 
Robbins and F. Boykin, Lieutenants; G. W. Tunstall and 
W. A, Riley, Sergeants; A. H. Bradley, Frank Feagin, R. 
E. Hodges, W. R. Hodges, E. R. Hodges, J. J. Hodges, W. 
H. Richardson. William Turk, and Jesse Walker. Company 
I : D. Hagood. 

Fifly-Sixlli Alabama Volunteers (Cavalry). — Company A: 
L. D. Williams, Sergeant; J. W. Benbau, J. C. Fonville, D. 
H. Graham, R. H. Jarrett, and J. Mastin. Company B: T. 

Kemp, Pollard, F. Riley, and J. T. Wrenn. Company 

D: S. G. Evans, J. S. Hays, and N. Knight. Company E: 
L. C. McAllister and J. Sanders. Comppny H : R, Baker, 
Sergeant. 

Twelfth Mississippi Cavalry. — A. D. Cox, Sergeant Major. 
Company A : M. Henry, Sergeant. Company B : F. Brown. 
Company C: G. P. Walker. Company D : C. M. Graham, 
Second Lieutenant. Company F: J. H. Lewis and W. P. 
Acker, Lieutenants ; G. W. Scale, J. W. Lindsey, and J. J. 
Carter, Sergeants ; C. M. Boulton, G. W. Acker, A. A. Bolton, 
J. C. Bridges, J. A. Dennis, J. H. Sansom, Young Wall, F. 
M. Wall. A. S. Wier, William Wyatt, and A. Pierce. Com- 
pany H : S. Maddox. Company I : J. Rule. Company K : 
J. Deaton, Sergeant; I. Sparks. 

Muldrove's Regiment. — W. H. Moseley, Surgeon. Per- 
rin's Company: C. E. S. Gulley, Sergeant; S. S. Garner, 
J. B. Hull, P. S. Hull, and G. W. Hull. 

Ninth Mississippi. — J. Saulsberry, Kittrell, and 

Gustavus. 

Miscellaneous. — W. R. Stratten, Fortieth Alabama In- 
fantry; P. B. Thompson, Duke's Brigade; G. A. Hodges, 
Company D, Fourth Texas Infantry. 

The initials of Dr. Hill, Surgeon of the Second Alabama 
Cavalry, are almost illegible on the old roll. This man lived 
at Mount Meigs, Ala. 

A SUCCESSFUL BLOCKADE RUNNER. 

Mrs. Maggie Mohler Gwin, of Baltimore, Md., sends some 
interesting reminiscences, pathetic as well as amusing, of her 
experience when a young lady in the Valley of Virginia during 
the war, from which the following incidents are taken : 

"It was a gloomy evening, raining in torrents, when a young 
lieutenant, a friend of the family, rode up to our gate, dis- 
mounted, and came in. We could hear the water slushing in 
his boots as he walked up on the porch, where we were as- 
sembled to meet him, and, knowing how gently he had been 
reared and his fastidious tastes about dress, we insisted that 
he exchange his wet boots for a pair of nice, dry, homemade 
carpet slippers; but he persistently refused, insisting that he 
was quite comfortable. It was not until next morning that we 
understood his refusal, when 'Bike,' the negro boy whose duty 
it was to look after the boots and shoes of our guests, came 
in and, with the whites of his eyes showing conspicuously, 
said : 'Miss Maggie. I knows why dat soger wouldn't pull off 



26 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap, 



'is boots whar you all wuz las' night, kase de legs of his 
breeches wuz scorched off most up to his knees, 'n he didn't 
have on nary sign of a sock nuther.' 

"It is needless to say that the embarrassed lieutenant went 
oflf with a warm pair of socks that morning. I had three 
brothers in the Confederate army: One killed at Chancellors- 
ville carrying the colors of the Tenth Virginia, another on 
the staff of Gen. Maury, and the other one of the cadets of 
the V. M. I. that took part in the battle at New Market and 
afterwards one of Mosby's famous followers. On more than 
one occasion when the Federal raiders and house burners 
were devastating the fair Valley of Virginia the mention of 
Mosby's name stopped the pillaging and hastened their de- 
parture. 

"The growing scarcity of medicines and other necessaries 
of life suggested the idea that I might run the blockade and 
get these needed supplies. How to pass through the Federal 
lines without having to take the oath, which I determined not 
to do under any circumstances, was the question. We had 
only Confederate money, but we had safely secreted some box- 
es of plug tobacco, which were good for greenbacks if we 
could only get them inside the Federal lines. Getting the 
wife of a neighbor to chaperon me, we hired a safe old horse 
and spring wagon. Arranging the boxes of tobacco for a seat, 
and covering them with a cushion made of an old sack stuffed 
with straw, we drove down the valley near the picket post 
to where a relative of mine lived, claiming protection as a 
British subject. We remained their several days, getting ac- 
quainted with the Yankee guard sent to proect her house and 
gathering such other information as might be useful in our 
enterprise. We finally made arrangements with a 'good 
Union man,' who had permission to pass in and out of the 
lines, and who had a son in the Confederate army that we 
had befriended on several occasions, to haul our tobacco in 
under a load of hay and meet us at a certain place inside. 

"The next thing was to get through ourselves, for the good 
man could not smuggle us through under the hay with the 
tobacco ; so we dressed like the people of the neighborhood, 
with sunbonnets and white aprons to complete our attire, and 
with baskets swinging on our arms we went singing down 
the road to a blackberry patch where the pickets were posted. 
and at once began industriously to fill our baskets as well 
as our mouths with berries, all the time gradually working 
our way inside the line. The pickets paid no attention to us 
whatever after seeing that we were only gathering blackberries, 
and in a short time we had wandered out of their sight in the 
bushes. Hurrying to the meeting place, we found our friend 
with the tobacco all right, which, with his assistance, we suc- 
ceeded in quickly disposing of and purchasing a supply of 
medicines, coffee (ah! sure enough coffee), tea, sugar, calico, 
tableware, etc. How our hearts thrilled with pleasure, as we 
'laid in our supplies,' to think of the comforts we would carry 
to our suffering friends at home ! But getting out with our 
purchases was a more serious problem than getting in. Again 
we appealed to our Union friend. He was carrying us to 
a point where he thought we could get through, and were 
almost at the pickets in the little village of Kearneysville, 
when, in a mo.ment, without warning, we were in the midst 
of one of those sharp, quick, and unexpected fights that made 
Mosby's men so famous. The bullets whizzed around us, 
but we cared nothing for that when we saw the Yankees 
break and run. I jumped up on the fence by the roadside 
and swung my old sunbonnet around and around my head as 
our boys came dashing in on them and shouted : 'Give it to 
them, boys.' A silver-haired doctor now living in Baltimore, 



who was one of Mosby's bravest where all were brave, says, 
in telling of this incident, that I said, 'Give it to 'em hot, 
boys ;' but I deny the 'hot' part of it. I will say, however, 
that the mother of this same doctor had requested me to bring 
him out a pair of cavalry boots. 

"Hoop skirts were worn in those days ; and if we girls could 
not always get the spring steel variety, we would take a small 
grapevine and run it in the tucks of our skirts, making it 
answer the same purpose as steel. I confess that, with a 
woman's vanity, I had on one of those grapevine varieties at 
the time of which I write. Packing the legs of the boots full 
of contraband articles for our friends outside, such as medi- 
cines, etc., I ran a stout cord through the straps and then 
tied it securely around my waist under my skirts. While 
standing up the boots behaved very nicely and kept very quiet, 
but when I would sit down they would strike the floor with 
a thud that would take all the color out of my face and make 
my heart beat almost audibly. Reaching the home of my 
'British subject' relative, she procured me a pass through 
the outside pickets from Gen. Reno, and while they were 
examining my pass I sat in the wagon humming 'Sweet Alice, 
Ben Bolt,' looking so innocent, notwithstanding the annoyance 
the cavalry boots were causing me, that one would have 
thought I was looking straight under the slab where poor 
Alice slept. When permission was given me to 'pass on,' I 
soon had my old horse putting his 'best foot foremost' until 
I was safely out of sight and sound of soldiers. 

"The inconveniences of my trip and the risks incurred were 
as nothing compared to tlie joy of my friends in seeing me 
safely home again and the grateful thanks of those whose 
wants I was able to supply, and they were many, for I had 
brought out a good supply of second-hand clothing, shoes, 
etc., that kind friends in Baltimore had sent to the needy of 
Virginia." 

SICK COMRADES AT NASHVILLE EARLY IN 1862. 

The following is a list of sick Confederate private soldiers 
and noncommissioned officers remaining in the Blind Asylum, 
Nashville,. February, 1862. It is presumed that they were 
there when Nashville was evacuated by the Confederates. 
The letter following the name of the regiment is that of the 
company to which the soldier belonged : 

Isaac McEntire, 5th Ark., K ; F. M. -Wakeland, 7th Tex., 
H ; C. J. Martin, 3d Miss. Bat. ; G. W. Huffman, 3d Miss. Bat. ; 
W. H. Means, Okochickama, Miss.; J. A. House, 5th Ark., F; 
J. L, Means, Okochickama, Miss.; John Turner, 9th Ark., C; 
R. A. Roberson, 2d Ky., K; John Kane, ist Ark., B ; J. G. 
Ogilvie, gth Ark., B; N. J. Butler. 3d Miss. Bat.; Andrew 
James, 6th Miss., G; Alexander Holly, Marmaduke's Bat., 
Ark. : James Power, 3d Miss. Bat. ; J. E. Hudson, 9th Ark., 
A; William Dodson, 19th Tenn., F; S. E. Wilson, loth Ark., 
E; W. A. Johnson, loth Ark., E; -W. T. Myhand, 5th Ark., 
K; T B. Tillman, 7th Miss., F; Alex Irwin, loth Ark., H; 
W. B. Thornton, loth Ark., D ; A. B. Stanhard, Filer's La. 
Bat.; J. W. Deen, Allison, Tenn., Billington's Company; W. 
A. Boys, Wagon Master 8th Ark. ; J. M. Cannon, Johnson's 
Art., Eldredge's Company ; Elihu Tilley, Johnson's Art, 
Eldredge's Company; .-Mex Harrison, 2d Miss., K; R. B. Lan- 
ford, loth Ark., E; William Kelly, 6th Miss., D ; F. A. Green, 
Texas Rangers, F ; J. P. Herndon, Johnson's Art., Eldredge's 
Company; W. R. Watkins, 1st Mo., C; Augustus Haynie, loth 
Ark., B ; T. P. Hughes, 8th Ark., D ; G. B. Hodges, Quarles's 
Tenn. Regt. ; G. M. Ferrell, 6th Ark., C ; Henry Whatley, 8th 
Ark., A ; J. C. Hogan, 9th Ark., I ; Robert Richie, John Stew- 
art's Company, Ala. ; L. L. Fonville, 25th Miss., A ; Josiah 



Qoi?federat^ l/eterar). 



27 



Dyer, 24th Tenn., H; Demps Arrington, loth Ark., E; John 
S. Dupree, ist Ark., F; Thomas Shaughnessy, loth Tenn., 
C; L. Watkins, 5th Ark., G; A. S. Cathon, Col. Gautt's Tenn., 
Whitehead's Company; J. J. Smith, 6th Miss., C; D. R. 
Robinson, 4th Ky., I ; A. T. Kendall, 4th Ky., I ; B. Stewart, 
and R. R. Kirkland, Hale's Ala.; J. K. Polk, 15th Ark., 
C; E. L. Mankin, unknown; Lem Outland, 4th Ky., G; E. 

B. Cattell, 3d Ky., I; .W. H. Upton, Hale's Ala.. Edwards's 
Company ; J. M. Ferguson, 4th Ky., G ; Eugene Vandevier, 
3d Ky., I ; W. W. Taylor, Hale's Ala., Edwards's Company; 
F. M. Haley, 44th Tenn., A; H. H. Malone, 4th Ky., K; W. 

C. Keel, 2d Ark., E; John Nunnelly, 24th Tenn., Goodner's 
Company; F. H. Harris, 9th Ark., A; Henry Houston, Hale's 
Ala. ; W. A. Smith, Hale's Ala., Fletcher's Company ; A. J. 

D. Reed, 23(1 Tenn., G; E. W. Smith, ist Ark., A; Felix 
Farley, 22d Miss.. D ; Newton C. Nix, Ferguson's Tenn., 
Osborne's Company; William Ralph, Ist Miss., B; David 
St. John, 3d Ky., A ; A. T. Cahoe, 20th Miss., H ; Henry 
Morris, 3d Ky., .\ ; T. C. Walston. 3d Ky., H ; Pleasant 
Craig, Hale's Ala. ; one unknown. 

The above is as correct a list as I can make out in the 
present confused and disordered condition of the hospital. 
A. A. Hatcher, Acting Surgeon. 



on Monday morning, May 16, near Drewry's Bluff, and irj 
which battle we forced the Federals back under the cover of 
their gunboats in James River? That was a heavy battle; and 
our left wing, near the James, where the battle opened, and 
Lightfoot's whole battalion of sixteen guns was engaged, suf- 
fered severely in both killed and wounded. But we saved 
Richmond, and prolonged the life of the Confederacy another 



BATTLE OF PORT WALTHALL. 

BY B. W. JONES, SPOTTSVILLE, VA. 

Jasper Kelsey, of Lynnville, Tenn., writing in the Veteran 
of the Twenty-Third Tennessee Regiment, of which he was 
a member, states : "In April of 1864 the regiment was in a 
hard-fought battle on the Southside Railroad, between 
Petersburg and Richmond, losing a great number of men in 
killed and wounded ; but by that fight they saved the rail- 
road connection between the two cities." 

It was not in April, but on May 7 of that year, that the 
battle he writes of was fought. It occurred at Port Walthall 
Junction, on the Rirhmond and Petersburg Railroad, and not 
on the Southside road, which ran from Petersburg to Lynch- 
burg, and is now a part of the Norfolk and Western system. 

It was indeed a "hard-fought" battle ; and but for the reso- 
lute stand made by Gen. Hagood, with his brave South 
Carolinians, and Gen. Bushrod Johnson, with the no less 
bravo nicn imder his command, aided by detached commands 
hastily brought together, the Federals might easily have walked 
right along into Petersburg on that day, and changed the 
whole character of the summer campaign between Lee and 
Grant. 

This writer was there with the only compatiy of artillery 
on the Confederate side (Hawkins's Battery of four twelve- 
pound Napoleon guns and a part of Lightfoot's Artillery Bat- 
talion), and has a vivid recollection of the entire engagement. 
Does Mr. Kelsey recollect anything about the four guns that 
occupied the high ground a little to the west of the railroad 
cut, where the infantry were put into line? Did the Ten- 
nessee troops occupy that cut just in front of the Federals as 
they came down in the field on the east side of the railroad? 
Or were they farther up the railroad toward Richmond, where 
the Federals attempted the flank movement and made the 
desperate charge to gain the railroad track? 

The battle lasted about three hours, I think, and the gun 
at which I served sent at them about one hundred rounds 
of shell. Our four guns did much to hold the enemy in check. 
Our loss was light — six men wounded, of whom one subse- 
quently died. 

Was Mr. Kelsey in the other still heavier battle against 
Butler, in which Beauregard commanded on our side, fought 



CLEBURNE'S DIVISION AT FRANKLIN. 

BY PRIVATE W. A. WASHBURN, OF BOGGY, TEX. 

I wish to correct the statement in the July Veteran that 
"Cleburne's men dashed at the works, their gallant leader 
was shot dead, and they gave way." I was a private in Com- 
pany H, First Arkansas Regiment, Govan's Brigade, State 
Troops, which later, when entering the Confederate States 
service, became the Fifteenth Arkansas. On the evening of 
November 30, 1864, near sunset, our division (.Cleburne's) 
ascended the high hill south of Franklin. The town in the 
valley of the Harpeth lay a beautiful sight beneath us. 
Govan's and Granbury's Brigades filed to the right, and after 
reaching the foot of the hill were soon drawn up in line of 
battle and ordered to load. Lowrey's Brigade was not in line 
with us. Gen. Govan dismounted, and Gen. Cleburne rode 
along the line, cautioning us to save ammunition and "use the 
bayonet." 

The command "Forward" was given, and we moved in 
perfect order. I glanced to right and left, and observed the 
whole line moving the same way. Skirmishers were ad- 
vanced until we drew the fire of the enemy's first line of 
works, some two hundred yards away; and, as Cleburne always 
did, we were halted, skirmishers withdrawn, bayonets fixed ; 
and at the command, "Right shoulder shift ; forward ; double- 
Cjuick : march!" wc went forward, and in three minutes' 
lime wc were over the advance works and had them on the 
run — those who didn't lie down. We delivered a telljng 
volley, and they left the ground blue with their dead and 
wounded. We rushed on, not stopping to re-form, keeping 
near them. We could never have reached their inner line 
if it had not been that their first was between us and their 
main line. They were only about fifty yards ahead when they 
got over tlicir works, but from there to the main line we 
were in a besom of destruction — musketry and canister "filled 
the air." We did not dash at the works, but onto them ; 
many went over. I — out of breath — climbed on top of the 
works. We had never seen the Federals fail to run before 
under like circumstances. I brought down my gun to fire, 
and was shot in the arm, clothes riddled, and my gunstock 
broken. 

Now, as to Cleburne's men failing to hold the works to the 
right of the pike, they held them as well as did Brown's or 
any other division. What was left of it lay down on the 
outside, and the Yanks on the other side of them. The fiank 
fire that the writer endured was from closer by, and was 
made possible by the works being constructed in angles. Our 
boys kept their fire down to some extent by shooting and 
throwing dirt. After we were against the bank we couldn't 
be harmed from the front, as we were in the ditch. Our men 
hurt them pretty badly by firing up under the head logs. 
If Cleburne's men got to the left of the Columbia Pike, I 
cannot tell ; but some of Brown's Division were to the right, 
from whence the troops, who failed to hold the works, let an 
enfilading fire on Strahl's men. Gen. Gordon was to the right 
of the pike. How or why, I know not. He was as gallant, 
brave, and daring a soldier as ever drew a blade. I saw himi 



28 



Qopfederat^ l/etera:) 



yield nis sword and surrender. I surrendered at the same 
time with about fifty others. When the Federals left, myself 
and two others were suffered to come back across the river. 

Fifty-two per cent of Cleburne's Division were disabled 
from the abattis to the top of the works. My regiment was 
about three hundred strong when they filed to the right of 
the hill that November evening, and never mustered over 
sixty guns after. President Davis, in his "Rise and Fall of 
the Confederacy," describes truly the affair as it was. Our 
Confederate Veteran is our historical record, and every care 
must be taken to prevent these unjust reflections resting on 
troops with such reputations as Cleburne and his division 
liad won. If old Pat could have lived thirty years longer, 
such reflections would not have been made. 



CLEBURNE'S DIVISION AT MISSIONARY RIDGE. 

BY B. F. GRADY, CLINTON, N. C. 

The numerous publications in the Veteran and in the 
Chickamauga Park Dedication about the Chattanooga battles 
do injustice to Cleburne's Division and to Granbury's Bri- 
gade. I have been surprised at this, though it is probably 
•due to the fact that all the prominent participators in the 
tattles are dead, most of them being killed at Franklin. After 
Sherman got ready to attack Bragg's right on Missionary 
Ridge, Cleburne hurried there to check him. When we were 
preparing to climb a spur of the mountain, the Yankees made 
their appearance on its top. We then took position on the 
ridge just in our rear. My company (K, of the Twenty- Fifth 
Texas Dismounted Cavalry) went forward and skirmished till 
midnight, and when we were relieved we found that the bri- 
gade (Granbury's) had erected a breastwork across the ridge. 
We went to sleep, but before day Gen. Cleburne ordered us 
to move back a few hundred yards and take a position across 
the ridge. On a ridge to our right (a valley between us) we 
could see Lowry's Alabama Brigade at right angles to us; 
but it was never attacked. I do not know who was on our 
left, but think it was Govan's Arkansas Brigade. We had 
no time to prepare any defensive works before we were at- 
tacked. The fight lasted all day, Sherman doggedly determined 
to drive us away ; but we held the ground till about nine 
o'clock at night, when we learned that Bragg had been routed. 
Then, engaging a little in what "our army did in Flanders," 
we abandoned the ground. The next day our division was 
selected to guard Bragg's rear to Tunnel Hill. We waded 
the Chickamauga at Ringgold, and next morning the pur- 
suers were upon us ; but we repulsed their every attack till 
perhaps two o'clock, thus giving the remnants of Bragg's 
artillery and wagons time to get out of reach of the invaders. 
We then withdrew, and the enemy stayed on the other side 
■of Taylor's Ridge. 

I am not willing for Cleburne's Division, and particularly 
Granbury's Brigade, to be passed over in silence when these 
battles are up for discussion. A well-kncwn history of the 
United States, and written by a South-^rner, says that in the 
Chattanooga battles Bragg "was defeated everywhere," which 
is very unjust. Sherman's defeat, in his .'banking movement 
on Missionary Ridge, was perhaps the worst he ever suffered, 
unless we give Vicksburg credit for a more damaging repulse 
when Sherman and McClernand went there in December, 
1862. - 

CAVALRY OF HOOD'S LEFT AT NASHVILLE. 

BY JOHN JOHNSTON, MEMPHIS, TENN. 

Rucker's Brigade of Cavalry held the extreme left of the 
Confederate army in front of Nashville. I was a member of 



the Fourteenth Tennessee, then commanded by Col. R. White. 
We were in camp back of the Cockrill place and just north 
of the Charlotte Pike. 

The morning of December 15 dawned bright and clear. 
Just after breakfast we were called to arms, and, hastily mount- 
ing, went off in a gallop. As we rose the hill we were greeted 
by the sound of artillery over toward our right front, which 
betokened the opening of the battle. Riding rapidly forward 
for a few hundred yards, we were dismounted and placed be- 
hind a line, of rail stacks on a sort of bluff. The ground in 
our immediate front was a low level, several hundred yards 
back to the foot of a range of hills. 

We soon became hotly engaged with the enemy's skirmish 
line, which lasted for some time. We rested quietly for a 
little while, when suddenly some one exclaimed: "Lookl 
look I Just look at the Yankees !" Springing up and looking 
over our rail piles, we beheld a sight which filled us with 
awe. About half a mile away, but in plain view, there ap- 
peared an immense number of the enemy's infantry, as we 
supposed, coming over the hills and marching with quickstep 
down the slope toward us, forming into one, two, three, four, 
five, or six lines of battle — how many, I could not say — and 
marching as steadily as on dress parade. Their line of march 
was not directly toward us, but across our front, so that 
when they got opposite us we were squarely on their right 
flank and about three hundred yards or less away. In fact, 
they seemed to have ignored us and to have directed their at- 
tack against a line of our troops directly in their front and 
apparently running nearly at right angles with us. We stood 
quietly looking on at the masses of the enemy passing our 
front, feeling helpless. Our line was very thin, and we 
could not muster over twelve hundred in all, while 
there must have been as many thousands of them. About 
that time the general engagement to our right front seemed 
to open up, and, after firing a few scattering shots, we walked 
back, mounted our horses, and rode to the back of the field 
in our rear. Here we met McDonald's Battalion, led by 
Capt. Barbour. After conferring awhile, we filed off south- 
ward, led by McDonald's Battalion. We did not know what 
had happened in our front, and never knew until I recently 
read an account of it in Dr. Wyeth's "Life of Forrest." From 
this narrative it would appear that the great masses of Federal 
troops that passed before us that morning were Wilson's 
Cavalry dismounted, and that they were attacking Ector's 
Brigade of Infantry, which was to our right. I think this 
must be a mistake. They looked like infantry, and I have al- 
ways believed that they were. 

Following the lead of McDonald's Battalion, we came to 
where Gen. Chalmers's headquarters had been. The Yankee 
cavalry had run into them but a short while before, but none 
were then in sight. Turning to the left, we moved eastward up 
a ravine a little way, then rapidly up and over a rough, steep 
hill on our left. As we were ascending the hill Gen. Chal- 
mers rode up alongside in a gallop, urging us forward 
Reaching the crest of the hill, we were thrown into line, fa- 
cing northward and down a long, sloping hillside covered with 
sedge and patches of small trees and bushes. A few hun- 
dred yards down the slope we saw a line of mounted Yankee 
cavalry advancing up our way. Without halting even to form 
we charged, and much to my surprise they gave way. This 
was repeated several times, until, being reenforced by heavy 
lines of dismounted men, they advanced steadily up the hill, 
and we retired slowly before them southward, until we 
crossed a small stream and took position behind a high ridge 
on the southern side, with the Harding Pike just to our 



Qopfederate l/eterai}. 



29' 



left. Here, with our riflemen posted on the crest of this 
ridge, reenforced by a small battery, »f repulsed several 
charges of cavalry and held our ground until night came to 
our relief. While the fighting virs going on at this point 
the gunboats on the Cumberland, though out of sight, threw 
a number of immense bombs in our direction, which exploded 
not far in our rear. 

About dark the fighting ceased in our front, and we were 
quietly withdrawn and moved out, with Col. D. C. Kelley at 
. the head of the column, in a southeasterly direction toward 
the Hillsboro Pike. Striking into a cross-country road, we 
followed it until we came to a farmhouse. Col. Kelley had 
the owner brought out, and he guided us to the Hillsboro 
Pike, which we reached about midnight, or possibly later, 
and, turning to the left, followed it for a quarter or half 
mile toward Nashville. Presently we saw the flickering of a 
fire several hundred yards in our front, which we approached 
very slowly ; then came the flash of a gun and the whir of 
a bullet. Halting for a few seconds. Col. Kelley in low tones 
gave the order to countermarch, and led us back down the 
pike for a short distance. Some of us were then formed into 
a skirmish line across the pike, and the balance of the com- 
mand went back a little way and took position on a low ridge 
at a place where a cross road led oflf toward the Granny White 
Pike, and fortified by piling up logs, rails, and brush. In 
the meantime the enemy had pushed forward their outpost 
until they came in contact with our skirmish line. They ex- 
changed a few shots with us and then retired. We could 
tell their whereabouts only by the flash of their guns. We 
sat on our horses quietly until day dawned, dark and 
lowering. The mist soon turned to a gentle rain, and later 
was mmgled with snowflakes. It was late in the day before 
the enemy appeared in our front. For some lime our skirmish 
line only was engaged, but after a while they came on in force, 
and we were pressed slowly back to our main line. The 
skirmishing now became spirited, and we were freely shelled 
by their artillery as we rode up the crest of the hill on which 
our line was posted. 

In a few minutes after we reached our main line the 
Seventh Alabama came marching afoot from our right front 
As soon as they reached us we mounted and moved off 
hastily in the direction of the Granny White Pike. It was 
growing dark when we reached the pike. The head of our 
column turned to the left and we rode up the pike toward 
Nashville a short distance, and came to a halt at a lane, with 
a small field on our left. Just then the report of a gun was 
heard in our front, and a bullet came singing down our line. 
The front of our column had already been formed squarely 
across the pike. We were faced to the left; the fence thrown 
down, we rode inside, dismounted, and were hurriedly marched 
across the field to the fence on the west side and took position 
behind it, our line being at right angles with the line of our 
Other men who had formed across the pike to our right. 
Others formed on our left, and extended probably into the 
open woods beyond the south fence. Here we became im- 
mediately engaged. The enemy's cavalry in overwhelming 
numbers were already close on our front and flank. Wilson's 
whole cavalry corps (as we have since learned), estimated 
at from seven thousand to ten thousand, was now attacking 
our small force. Hood's army had been driven from its last 
position and was now making its way to and down the 
Franklin Pike, and this cavalry force, including the force we 
had been fighting over on the Hillsboro Pike — which had 
doubtless followed us — was now endeavoring to force its way 
down our road to strike Hood's army on the flank, and we. 



not over twelve hundred men, stationed across the Granny 
White Pike and to the westward of it, were the only protec- 
tion to Hood's army in that direction. We — that is, the private 
soldiers — did not know all of this then, nor did we know of 
the fearful odds against which we fought, but we were in' 
fine spirits and sprang to our work with alacrity and en- 
thusiasm. Kneeling or crouching down behind that rail fence, 
which constituted our only protection, we poured a constant 
stream of shot out into the night. We could see nothing; 
the mist and darkness had covered all in front, and we shot 
blindly out into the dark woods, our whole line from right to 
left being one continuous blaze of musketry. In all that 
we were greatly encouraged and animated by Col. Kelley, who 
gallantly sat his horse and rode up and down behind us, 
cheering us and calling out to us : "Pour it into them, boys I 
Pour it into them !" 

How long this lasted, I do not know. I thought about thirty- 
minutes, but some say until midnight. It all came to an end 
very suddenly. While we were in the height of the battle, 
with no sign of wavering, a young friend of mine, immediately 
at my right, sprang to his feet and exclaimed, "There they 
are now !" indicating that he saw the enemy's line but a few 
feet away. Instantly our whole line rose and began to fall 
back. Surprised and astonished, I called out, "O no; don't, 
run, boys !" but it was of no avail — all were in full retreat, 
and we could do nothing but make a run for our horses, 
which were held on the other side of the field near the pike. 
What my friend saw I don't know, and whether anybody 
else saw the situation as he did I cannot tell, but the whole 
line seemed to give way all at once. And we did not fall 
back any too soon, for the enemy had almost completely en- 
veloped our left, and in a few minutes more would have been 
in possession of the pike in our rear and our way of retreat 
in that direction effectually closed. As it was, quite a num- 
ber of our men were captured before they could reach their 
horses. After getting into my saddle with some difficulty, I 
was hailed by a companion, who had been left afoot. Di- 
recting him to climb up on a fence, he succeeded in getting 
behind me. But all this consumed some minutes of very 
precious time, and when we rode onto the pike our comrades 
had all fled, and we were left alone. Going down the pike at 
a lively pace, we saw, about one hundred feet to our right, a 
group of mounted men crowding together and cheering as 
if winding up some sort of a scrap or chase. We could see 
them but dimly, and at first thought they were some of our 
men, but, fearing we might be mistaken, rode past. It turned 
out that this was a party of Yankee cavalry who had just 
finished up a fight with Gen. Rucker, and had captured him 
after shooting him from his horse. Riding down the pike 
for several hundred yards, we turned off into a little country 
road that diverged eastward from the pike, and soon found 
ourselves alone. All was now quiet, and no sound of battle 
was heard. We went down this road for a mile or two. 
when we came upon the Franklin Pike, and greatly to our 
surprise saw our infantry passing down it, seemingly in a very 
disorganized condition. Just as we reached the pike the 
clouds parted and the moon came out and flooded the scene 
with a brilliant light. 

My heart sank within me when I came thus upon our 
routed army, for, strange to say, during all the two days that 
had just passed we had heard no sound of battle but our own 
and had very little information as to what was going on over 
on our right. But now I realized that the battle was lost 
After looking sadly upon the scene, my companion and I rode 
back about fifty yards from the pike, procured some forage 



30 



Qopfederate Ueterai). 



■for our horses (he having captured a loose horse), wrapped 
the hahers around our arms, laid down in a fence corner, and 
■went to sleep. When we awoke the sun was up, Hood's army 
had all passed, and no one was to be seen but an occasional 
barefooted straggler bivouacking by the roadside. There was 
not a sound or sign of impending battle ; all was as peaceful 
and quiet as if no war had been. But, realizing that we must 
be in an exposed position, my companion and I mounted our 
horses and rode down the pike toward Franklin. Going a 
mile or more, we came upon Gen. Hood and his staff and a 
number of soldiers at a place where a road seemed to come 
in from the direction of the Granny White Pike. Gen. Hood 
was sitting on his horse very quietly, and was looking up the 
road as if expecting the appearance of the enemy in that 
direction. He had a worn and dejected look. A few men 
had rallied at this point, and I found there a number of my 
own regiment who, I suppose, had followed another road to 
this place. After waiting here for some time, we gathered 
quite a respectable regiment of cavalry, and under orders 
from our chief we took a road that led off in a southeasterly 
direction from the main pike, and followed it until we came 
to a halt on the wooded hills south of Franklin and east of 
the Columbia Pike. It must have been as late as seven 
o'clock when we left Gen. Hood on the Franklin Pike, and 
nothing had been seen of the enemy up to that time. 

Col. D. C. Kelley adds to the above paper, by request; 

"The account of the part taken in the battle of Nashville 
by your correspondent is more accurate than is generally made 
by a private in the ranks. For the benefit of the future his- 
torian it may be well enough to say that Col. Kelley, by 
order of Gen. Rucker, was in command of the cavalry, in 
action, of 'Rucker's Brigade.' The troop which he speaks 
of as 'McDonald's Battalion' was in reality 'Forrest's Old 
Regiment.' McDonald's Battalion had been restored to its 
old place in the regiment. The writer is mistaken on the 
point of being near Gen. Chalmers's headquarters when we 
made the second fight. We had fought first on Richland 
Creek. When the second fight was made we were near the 
Davidson house, on the Charlotte Pike. Chalmers's head- 
<iuarters were on the Harding Pike. I did not see, or receive 
an order from, either Gens. Chalmers or Rucker during the 
day. After night, when the enemy had been repulsed and 
had been withdrawn from the field, an order came from Gen. 
Chalmers, through Gen. Rucker, to make good our connec- 
tion with the left flank of our army. At daylight, without 
the loss of gun or wagon, we found the left flank of our army 
on the Hillsboro Pike. 

"The latter position, which he mentions as on the Granny 
White Pike, was in conformity to an order to Gen. Chalmers 
handed me by Gen. Rucker after 4 p.m. The order was to 
the following effect : 'The army is in full retreat. Keep the 
enemy's cavalry off my rear at all hazards. Hood.' 

"The writer could not give too much credit to the fighting 
of the eight hundred men left him in Wilson's front that 
night. Gen. Rucker had taken two guns and selected a posi- 
tion in the rear for fortification, to which at the last pos- 
sible moment we were to retire. After desperate fighting 
for an hour or more in the dark and four repulses of the 
enemy's advance. Col. White, of the Fourteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry, sent me word that the enemy was passing him on 
liis left. He received in response an order to 'mount a 
squadron and charge any force that attempts to pass your 
flank.' Unfortunately, I was so near the line of my central 
regiment that the message was overheard. This regiment 
had, by bad handling, been twice stampeded. I had placed 



them in the center that I might personally hold them in posi- 
tion. They had fought nobly that night, but now panicked and 
broke. The former commanding officer had been relieved ; 
the major in command gallantly aided, in the effort to rally 
them, but, raising the cry that 'ammunition is exhausted,' they 
broke for their horses. I moved to the right to bring another 
regiment to the center. Their break left the Fourteenth un- 
supported on my left flank, and before we could reoccupy 
the center the etiemy broke through the unoccupied space, 
separating me from the Fourteenth, struck Gen. Rucker pre- 
paring a position in the rear, and left me to throw the re- 
mainder of the command between the enemy and our disorderly 
mess of infantry in retreat on the pike at Brentwood. 

"Gen. Rucker was wounded, captured, and his arm ampu- 
tated in Nashville the next day. I covered the retreat on 
Franklin with less than five hundred men. About nine o'clock 
the next morning Col. White and the Fourteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry rejoined me at Franklin." 



D'GOURNAY'S BATTALION OF ARTILLERY. 

The following sketch was written by Col. DeGournay a 
short time before his death at the request of J. W. Minnich, 
of Grand Isle, La., who served under DeGournay from the 
organization of his first company and who sends it to the 
Veteran for publication : 

"After seceding from the Union Louisiana took possession 
of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and I went to the first-named 
as quartermaster to the Orleans Artillery. -While there I 
learned that the Legislature had voted the formation of four 
companies of artillery for State defense. I made immediate 
application for a captaincy, and proceeded to form a company, 
many members of the Orleans Battalion enlisting with me. 
We were soon relieved by another command, and I returned 
to New Orleans with nearly a full company of drilled artil- 
lerists, expecting to get my commission and go on active serv- 
ice without delay. I was mistaken. A young lawyer, with no 
military experience, but being the grandson of a Revolutionary 
hero, wished to raise a company. The cool alternative was 
offered me to join this gentleman as his first lieutenant, my 
men forming the nucleus of his company, or to receive a 
commission as captain of a second company, but I promptly 
refused both. 

"I was about disbanding my company in New Orleans 
when influential friends advised me to wait a little longer. 
At this juncture Alfred Coppens returned from Montgomery 
with Jefferson Davis's authorization to raise a battalion of 
zouaves, the first commission issued, I believe, under the seal 
of the government of the Confederate States. Coppens pro- 
posed to me to join him. 'But my company,' I objected, 'is 
intended for artillery service.' 'That is no objection,' said 
Coppens. 'I have a right to a battery of artillery attached 
to the battalion.' Although our arm was heavy artillery, I 
yielded, and we proceeded to organize the Zouave Battalion, 
which was soon ordered to Pensacola. 

"There Gen. Bragg objected to receiving my company as 
artillery; the Zouaves were light infantry and not entitled to 
have a battery. 'But,' added the General, 'I am very glad 
your men are trained artillerymen. While I must enroll you 
as light infantry, I will detail you on artillery duty. You will 
report to Gen. Villepigue and help to build and man the bat- 
teries at Warrington Harbor.' 

"We did this work so satisfactorily that when we were 
ordered to Yorktown Gen. Villepigue gave me a note of 
introduction to Gen. Magruder. My Pensacola experience 
was repeated at Yorktown. Gen. Magruder, an old artillery 



C^opfederat*^ UeteraF}. 



31 



■officer, was glad to have artillerymen. He placed us im- 
mediately on detached duty, and set us building the river 
defenses. As fast as a battery was built we manned it, and 
very soon Gen. Magruder began detaching men from various 
infantry regiments to be drilled and to serve as artillerymen. 
Nominally we were a Zouave company, therefore we never did 
any service with the battalion during the first year of our 
enlistment, and at its expiration were finally disconnected 
from it. 

"Gen. Magruder asked the Confederate government to give 
me a colonelcy and authorize me to raise a regiment of heavy 
artillery, which was done. Three companies were immediately 
formed — -viz.: my old company, reorganized with Lieut. John 
M. Kean as captain ; Capt. Seawell's company, composed 
mostly of old Zouaves ; and Capt. Lebesque's company, from 
New Orleans. To these were added Capt. W. N. Coffin's and 
Capt. C. Wright's companies of Virginians. I was elected 
major, pending the recruitment in New Orleans of my other 
companies, which, unfortunately, never rejoined the corps ; 
but, owing to the necessities of military movements farther 
Sduth, were absorbed into other regiments. 

" 'DeGournay's Independent Artillery' did good service at 
Yorktown, and when it was decided that the place must be 
evacuated a detachment of the battalion was ordered to re- 
main some hours after the departure of the army and to keep 
up a desultory firing so that the fact of the evacuation be not 
discovered by the enemy. At i a.m. we had spiked our guns 
and, turning our backs on Yorktown, started on a forced 
march to catch up with the rear of the main army, which we 
did close to Williamsburg. Having neither field pieces nor 
muskets — only a few of the latter for mounting guard — we 
could be of no service in the field, and were ordered to pre- 
cede the army to Richmond and report to Gen. Lee. 

"In Richmond the battalion did little else than garrison duty 
in the forts around the city and took an insignificant part in 
the seven days' battle, ending with Malvern Hill. After 
this the battalion was ordered to proceed to Port Hudson, 
La., which it was necessary to fortify. I had received my 
commission as lieutenant colonel of artillery, and carried with 
me four companies to Port Hudson. Here we found a field 
for even more useful service than we had performed around 
Richmond or at Yorktown. Save a battery of two field 
pieces. Port Hudson was defenseless. We set to work build- 
ing the river batteries and manning them as fast as guns 
were obtainable. The Tennessee Battalion, added to my com- 
mand, was of great help. Before we were ready, however, an 
amusing incident happened. The armored boat Esse.x came 
down the river just about daylight, and passed under full 
•steam pressure, firing broadsides on her way. We returned 
the fire with our two fourteen-pounder field pieces and a 
thirty-pounder Parrott gun belonging to Miles's Legion. Of 
course we could do little damage with such light ordnance. 
The damage done by the Essex's fire was one mule killed 
while peacefully grazing in a field beyond our lines. To my 
amazement some time later I read Capt. Porter's report of 
the 'battle!' He had found Port Hudson strongly fortified; 
had received the fire of several ten-inch guns, with some 
damage to the Essex ; but had finally silenced all these heavy 
batteries and proceeded triumphantly to New Orleans (!). 
This mendacious report was printed in the official records of 
the war. 

"We were left undisturbed at our work until April, 1863. 
when a combined attack was made by Gen. Banks on land 
and Commodore Farragut by water. Banks's attack was a 
complete failure, his army being routed and retreated in great 



haste. Farragut had better luck. He succeeded in passing 
two of his vessels, but lost the fine frigate Mississippi, which 
was run aground, set on fire, and finally floated downstream 
a blazing pile, to the great danger of the remaining gunboats, 
which steamed back in disorder Not a vessel would have 
passed, and Farragut's fleet would have been destroyed, but 
for an untoward incident which shows the importance of strict 
adherence to duty and obedience of orders. A huge pile of 
combustible matter had been erected on the other side of the 
river and an officer put in charge with instructions to set fire 
to the pile so soon as an advance of the fleet was signaled. 
That side of the river shore is low, while our side consisted 
of high bluffs, from which our batteries would direct a 
plunging fire at the vessels thus coming into a bright light 
while we remained in relative darkness. Well, on that particu- 
lar night of April 14, this officer was absent from his post. 
'Dreaming of no danger,' he 'had gone to take supper with a 
friend some miles inland.' 

"Things remained quiet for nearly a month, then orders 
came to evacuate Port Hudson. Our line of land breast- 
works was calculated for twenty-two thousand men, and we 
had that number when ordered to evacuate. Division after 
division left in proper order. There remained only four thou- 
sand, two hundred men, including the heavy artillery. Gen. 
Frank Gardner had started when, some distance from the 
fort, information reached him that Banks had traveled up on 
the other side of the Mississippi, crossed the river at Bayou 
Sara, and was coming down with an army of twenty-five thou- 
sand strong to invest Port Hudson, while Farragut above, 
with his two boats and the remainder of the fleet below, and 
augmented by the addition of four mortar boats, would shut 
us up closely. 

"Gen. Gardner returned in haste to undertake the difficult 
task of defending, with a garrison of four thousand two hun- 
dred men, a line of defense built for twenty-two thousand. 
There was no possible means of extricating the little garri- 
son ; no hope of winning a complete victory over a foe that 
beset us by land and water. There was but one course left, 
that imposed by a sense of duty, to hold on at all risks, and 
so keep the enemy at bay that he could not go to reenforce 
other commands. If, miraculously, for there were no avail- 
able Confederate troops within reach, relief should come, well 
and good; if not, like Phenix's celebrated fight when he held 
his adversary by inserting his nose between the latter's teeth, 
we would hold Banks to his task ; he should not let loose and 
go to swell Grant's army. He had come to take Port Hud- 
son so as to 'clear the river of obstacles.' Very well, we 
would make this work of taking us as hard a job as he had 
ever undertaken. As long as powder and shot lasted we 
would resist ; after that — we would not think of the conse- 
quences. Gen. Gardner invariably replied to summons of 
surrender: 'As it is my duty to defend this fort, I decline to 
surrender it.' 

"From the "th of May to the Sth of July Port Hudson was 
under constant fire; by day from heavy land batteries; by 
night from the fleet. Huge bombs and 150-pound shells 
came hissing overhead and fell here and there, almost 
harmlessly, it is true, for the small number of killed on 
our side was in ridiculous proportion to the tons and tons 
of metal hurled at our heads, and particularly so at the river 
batteries, where our loss was only five men. On the land lines 
the enemy's field pieces and rille shots did more execution. 
At a small, much-exposed battery on the line, the Tennessee 
Battalion, which had been put in charge, lost heavily in of- 
ficers and men. 



32 



Qo^fe^Jera t(^ l/eterap. 



"But I shall not attempt in this hurried sketch to give a 
succinct account of the daily happenings of this long siege. 
Three general attacks and several partial ones were repulsed 
with much damage to the enemy, although, with our long 
line of defense and scanty garrison. Port Hudson would have 
been taken if the enemy's charge could have been an unbroken 
advance on all points. This never happened, owing to mis- 
management on the part of the Yankee officers as much as to 
the irregularity of the ground they had to march over. How- 
ever that may be, our men behind the breastworks had to 
move in double-quick time to the right or left, beat back the 
assailants, and run to another point of attack. 

"On the 4th of July Gen. Gardner issued an order recom- 
mending more than usual vigilance, as Gen. Banks might 
avail himself of the enthusiasm inspired by this memorable 
date to make a night attack. On the same day Gen. Pember- 
ton surrendered Vicksburg, having, so said his report, chosen 
that day in the hope of obtaining better terms. So differently 
men will judge which is the better course suggested by duty. 

"But we were ignorant of the Vicksburg happenings until 
the 6th, when hurrahs, the firing of guns, etc., in the Federal 
camps attracted our attention. At first we thought they were 
preparing to attack; but when it was ascertained that the 
firing was done with blank cartridges and no commands were 
forming, we were quite puzzled. 'Hello, Yank I' cried one 
of our advanced pickets to the soldier on similar duty op- 
posite to him. 'What are you making all this fuss for?' 
'Vicksburg has surrendered,' was the exulting reply, 'and you 
Rebs had better do the same.' 'You can't catch us with your 
Yankee tricks.' 'No trick,' was the reply. 'Johnny, gospel 
truth; the news came this morning.' At this juncture the 
attention of the Confederate officer in command of the pickets 
was attracted by this prolonged palaver, and he approached. 
The Yankee repeated his story, which the officer immediately 
reported to Gen. Gardner. The matter was too serious ^o 
be accepted on the mere report of a Yankee private; but 
official communications soon passed between Gens. Banks and 
Gardner, and the news, with its stupendous consequences, 
was accepted as true. A council of war was soon held. A 
prolonged resistance was out of the question. We had so little 
ammunition left that we had of late been compelled to re- 
serve it until the enemy should charge on our breastworks ; 
disabled guns were loaded with all sorts of projectiles to be 
used for the destruction of any scaling party. For days my 
men had been collecting unexploded bombshells at a point 
the enemy tried mightily to undermine. A chute was made 
in the crest of the parapet. When notice was given of the 
approach of the miners, a stalwart artilleryman would take 
up one of these bombs, poise it over his right shoulder, the 
corporal standing behind would apply a light to the fuse and 
give the word, 'Let go !' and the bomb, rolling down the chute, 
would fall and explode right in the faces or in the midst of 
the mining party. Such were the tricks of defense we had to 
resort to, but there was something worse — provisions were 
giving out. For a week officers' and men's rations had been 
reduced to half a pound of mule meat and three ears of corn 
per day. What little proper food remained was saved for 
the sick and wounded, of which we had some one thousand, 
five hundred.. Drugs and medicines had given out, and the 
doctors were at their wits' end — a sorry plight indeed ! 

"The reply to the question why we stubbornly held this 
post against the tremendous odds is that by doing so we neu- 
tralized Banks's army of twenty-five thousand men, so that 
it could not reenforce Grant at Vicksburg nor interfere with 
the sending of relief to Gen. Pemberton. Besides, Farragut 



had passed but two vessels, the remainder of the fleet being 
held in check. The Mississippi was now free, Vicksburg hav- 
ing fallen, and our resources were exhausted. We had to cut 
our way through the enemy's lines or surrender. There was 
no alternative. If we adopted the former, we must abandon 
our sick and wounded and our artillery. Should we succeed 
in cutting our way through, at great loss of life, no doubt, 
where could we go ? There was not a Confederate force to 
which we could rally. 

"Two days were consumed in discussing the terms of sur- 
render, during which our hunger increased. That evening the 
fumes of coffee and fried meat were a blessing to our hungry 
boys. A generous supply of provisions had been sent to us. 
By these terms the enlisted men were to be set free and sent 
home, the officers to preserve all rights of property, their 
side arms, baggage, servants (even if these were slaves, pro- 
vided they elected to follow their masters), and to be sent, at 
their choice, either to New Orleans or to New York, pending 
their exchange. The terms agreed upon were reported os- 
tensibly 'unconditional.' 

"On the 8th of July, 1863, Banks's army entered Port Hud- 
son. Twenty-two hundred ragged, wan-faced Confederate 
soldiers were drawn up to receive the victors, fifteen hundred 
men were limping around or lying in the hospital, and five 
hundred lay beneath the shell-plowed soil of the little village 
on the cliff. Historians merely enter this record: 'Vicksburg 
having fallen. Port Hudson surrendered,' a brief way of 
disposing of a chapter in Confederate history of which every 
actor showed the devotion and endurance of a hero. 

"The ?ecret terms of surrender were duly observed. After 
some weeks spent in the unfinished customhouse building in 
New Orleans, where we were the recipients of unwearying 
kindness from the people and were permitted to see our friends 
and relatives, we were sent to New York as first-class pas- 
sengers, with no restraint but our parole. We expected to 
be sent immediately to City Point for exchange, but were 
doomed to disappointment. After spending a couple of days 
at Governor's Island, we were sent to Johnson's Island. 

"We went by rail to Sandusky, on parole, accompanied by 
a mere squad of men as protectors or introducers. And we 
did need some introduction, as at every town where the train 
stopped gaping crowds surrounded the cars, wondering from 
what States were these men in strange uniforms, armed with 
sword and revolver. You may judge of their astonishment 
when told that we were Rebels. Capt. Hewitt was accom- 
panied by his negro servant (Bill, I think his name was), who 
created no little amusement at Johnson's Island by the dig- 
nity with which he repulsed the friendly advances of the 
Home Guards, our jailers. 

"I have made mention of these 'post-surrender' incidents 
only to show that the 'unconditional' surrender, however flat- 
tering to Yankee vanity, did not affect to the extent of an 
iota the privilege accorded us by the secret convention. But 
once in prison, things were changed for the worse. I will 
not write the history of those weary months — eighteen fell 
to my share^of humiliation, sufferings, and privation spent 
in various Northern prisons, but will leave that dark record 
in obscurity. Let bygones be bygones; the war is over, and 
if I have come in contact with petty tyrants, cowardly sneaks, 
and fanatical idiots, it has been my fortune to fall in with 
not a few noble-minded, generous enemies, who treated a 
fallen foe with the true soldier's courtesy and kindness. 

"One word more concerning my battalion. Every man 
did his duty, bravely, devotedly, during that long siege, but 
none more thoroughly than the members of my old company. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



33 



now commanded by the gallant young Capt. John M. Kean. 
Between these men and myself there was a bond of trust, of 
affection, born by close contact during the first year of the 
war and cemented by time as we shared hardships and dangers 
with that mutual trust which makes the strength of a military 
organization. To any of these, my old Zouave men, whom 
these lines may reach I send the warm greeting of a friend. 
I think of them now with pride, as in the old days I was 
proud of them." 

STRENGTH OF U. S. ARMY AND NAVY, 1861-65. 

BY COL. G. N. SAUSSY, HAWKINSVILLE, GA. 

Regarding the forces engaged during the War between the 
States, permit mc to correct the figures shown in the Veteran 
for September, compiled by Cassinon G. Lee. Below you will 
find an official statemenit of troops contributed to the Federal 
armies during the four years of fierce warfare in the early 
sixties by States : Maine, 71,745 ; New Hampshire, 34,605 ; 
Vermont, 35,246; Massachusetts, 152,785; Rliode Island, 24.- 
711; Connecticut, 52,270; New York, 455,561; New Jersey, 
79,511; Pennsylvania, 366,326; Delaware, 13,651; Maryland. 
49,730; West Virginia, 30,003; District of Columbia, 16,872; 
Ohio, 317,133; Indiana, 195,147; Illinois, 257,217; Michigan, 
90,149; Wisconsin, 96,118; Minnesota, 25,024; Iowa, 75,860; 
Missouri, 108,778; Kentucky, "8,540; Kansas, 20,067; negroes 
and white Southerners, 212,083. Total, 2,859,132. 

To this enormous aggregation add 128,644 enlistments in 
the Federal navy in more than three hundred armed vessels 
and transports, and you have a total fighting force of 2,987,776, 
or lacking only 12,224 of an even 3,000,000. Against these 
tremendous forces the Confederacy brought into the field but 
600,000 [Other statistics say 895,654. — Ed.] soldiers, and main- 
tained itself for four years against the world in the attempt 
to create a nation. Close students of the details of affairs 
during those four years state that more than 2,200 armed 
collisions of greater or less moment took place between the 
cimtending forces. 

In nearly all statements that appear in print regarding com- 
parisons of the forces engaged, little stress is laid upon the 
Federal navy. This is not fair, for that arm of the Federal 
service was a most important factor in determining final 
results. It sealed the Southern ports against outside as- 
sistance. By its heavy guns and ironclad vessels it outclassed 
our Southern forts, demolished and forced their surrender, 
and in all honesty the Federal navy should be accorded its 
share in the part it took in the history of the early sixties. 

I confess that I am partisan enough to "ring the changes" 
when it comes to showing what part the South and Southern 
men have done for this country — for instance : Grant got 
the glory, Sherman gets the odium, and Thomas the reputa- 
tion for generalship during the war. Thomas was a Vir- 
ginian. By all odds Farragut was their greatest naval officer. 
He was a Tennessean and Mr. Lincoln was a Kentuckian, so 
it appears that our friends, the enemy, got their brains in the 
army, the navy, and the forum from the South during that 
fearful period. 

A GREW SO ME EXPERIENCE AT PETERSBURG. 

BY GEORGE WISE, ALEXANDRIA, VA. 

While engaged in engineering at Petersburg in the summer 
of 1864 the writer had charge of the work in connection with 
Elliott's (or Evans's) and Grade's salients and the inter- 
veiiing infantry line. One morning he was employed in di- 
recting a gang of soldiers digging a pit for the erection of 



a ten-inch columbiad (the largest gun ever mounted on that 
line by the Confederates) near the reverse angle of the lines. 
A/t the angle was a field piece which was often in action. In 
its rear, reached by a zigzag alleyway, was the bombproof 
for the protection of the officers and men who handled and 
had charge of the gun, and where they ate and slept when not 
on duty. 

At the time of which I write the lieutenant of the gun was 
sitting at his breakfast table in the bombproof and the 
writer was standing on the outer rim of the pit mentioned, a 
hundred or more feet away, when the enemy opened fire on 
the field piece from their lines about two hundred yards 
distant. The first shot sped true, and, entering the embrasure 
of our gun, the shell struck the axletree of the piece and 
exploded, sending its pieces helter-skelter. 

One piece of the shell, in some mysterious way, entered the 
bombproof, took off the upper part of the unfortunate lieu- 
tenant's head, and threw a piece of his skull, some two by 
four inches in size, with a portion of the smoking brain, 
some of his hair, and a piece of the red rim of his cap, at the 
writer's feet. Picking up the fragments of the poor lieu- 
tenant's head and head gear, the writer called to one of his 
men and sent him to ascertain the particulars of the occur- 
rence. The man soon returned and narrated the above ac- 
count, but failed to give the name of the gallant officer who 
liad thus lost his life in the cause of the South. Several men 
about the gun were wounded by the same shot. 

The writer has often thought of this far-away incident, and 
wondered who the unfortunate lieutenant could have been. 



ONLY A PRIVATE. 

BY CAPT. W. F. DAWSON, RICHMOND, VA., 1866. 

Only a private! his jacket of gray 

Is stained by the smoke and the dust. 
As Bayard he's brave, as Rupert he's gay. 
Reckless as Murat in heat of the fray; 
But in God is his only trust I 

Only a private ! to march and to fight. 
To suffer and starve and be strong ; 
With knowledge enough to know that the might 
Of justice and truth, and freedom and right. 
In the end must crush out the wrong. 

Only a private! no ribbon or star 
Shall gild with false glory his name ! 

No honors for him in braid or in bar. 

His Legion of Honor is only a scar. 
And his wounds are his roll of fame! 

Only a private ! one more here slain 

On the field lies silent and chill ! 
And in the far South a wife prays in vain 
One clasp of the hand she may ne'er dasp again. 

One kiss from the lips that are still. 

Only a private ! there let him sleep ! 

He will need nor tablet nor stone ; 
For the mosses and vines o'er his grave will creep. 
And at night the stars through the clouds will peep. 

And watch him who lies there alone. 

Only a martyr! who fought and who fell 
Unknown and unmarked in the strife! 
But still as he lies in his lonely cell 
Angel and seraph the legend shall tell — 
Such a death is eternal life! 



34 



Qoi}federat^ l/eteraij. 



CONFEDERATE HOME IS ACSTIN. 

Col. Duke Goodman, Inspector General, was directed on 
November 15, 1904, by Maj. Gen. K. M. Van Zandt, com- 
manding Texas Division, U. C. V., to visit the Soldiers' 
Home at Austin and report faithfully its condition, and he 
states : 

"General: Complying with your direction. I. without any 
previous notification, entered upon a thorough inspection of 
the Confederate Home at Austin, its grounds, barracks, hos- 
pital, administration, and other buildings, together with its 
business management and all conditions appertaining thereto. 

"Upon my appearance at the Home I was met by a guard 
on duty at the Administration Building, and was guided by 
him through the grotunds of the Home. .\t my request. I was 
first conducted by the guard through the dining room, which 
has a capacity for seating about three hundred, men. This 
room is well lighted and airy, and provided with hatracks 
and every convenience necessary to comfort. The floors, 
walls, and windows were clean, and all the ' tables were 
scrupulously so. Through the serving rooms- I passed into 
the large kitchen, which has recently been floored with cement, 
the walls and ceiling being freshly plastered and ceiled. An 
extra large John Van range has been only recently installed; 
and all utensils and furnishings I found to be clean and in 
perfect order. In the las-t year the kitchen has been greatly 
enlarged, and there has been constructed in the basement 
a capacious cold storage for the preservation of fresh meats 
and perishables. In the kitchen the cooks were preparing 
the food, which was of the very best quality and abundant. 
I particularly noticed the bread as being superior to any I 
had seen for quite a while. The matron and quartermaster 
presided in the dining room, and perfect order was maintained. 

"The new hospital I found to be, although crowded with the 
lame, the halt, the blind, and those afflicted with all manner 
of ill to which the aged veteran is a certain heir, as near as 
I could judge, in perfect condition. The best methods of 
sanitation seem to be observed and the tenderest and most 
skillful care was being given those who are beyond any hope 
of ever being able again to care for themselves. 

"I went 'the rounds' with the inspecting officers on the oc- 
casion of their regular Saturday semimonthly inspection of 
the barracks. On these occasions the veterans are all re- 
quired to be in their several quarters, in default of which, by 
the rules of the Home, tobacco rations are suspended, and 
the inspection proved satisfactory in every way. My inspec- 
tion led me through the large quartermaster and commissary 
storerooms, where I found carefully arranged and stored a 
vast accumulation of goods and provisions provided under 
contract with the Purchasing Agent for use during the whole 
of this fiscal year — the wisdom of which I most seriously 
question. Many articles must deteriorate, and I would judge 
that quarterly supplies would be better and more economical. 

"By the gracious kindness of the Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy, the room in the Administration Building previously 
used for a chapel has been converted into a delightful library 
and club room. This room is most tastefully furnished and 
contains a large number of volumes of well-selected literature. 
The best of the magazines and newspapers are found on the 
tables, and the veteran is enabled every day to enjoy a literary 
feast. The post office, very handsomely arranged, is in this 
room, where the veteran postmaster daily distributes tidings 
from the friends of the old soldiers. 

"I accepted the compliment of a lunch with the Superin- 
tendent and the members of his official family. The board 



w-as provided with food of precisely similar character as that 
1 had seen on the tables of the main dining room and prepared 
by the same cooks. I examined the books of the Home, which 
seem to be carefully and accurately kept. The accounts are 
all examined and approved by the Board of Managers every 
month and audited by the State Comptroller. I was par- 
ticularly impressed with the records kept by the Master of 
Rolls, himself a veteran inmate. A daily report, as that of 
a regimental adjutant, is prepared for the Superintendent, and 
this is consolidated at the end of each month for examination 
by the Board. From the records of the Master of Rolls 
every inmate is accounted for every day in the year and the 
number of the room he occupies, or if he is on furlough or 
in the hospital. 

"I conversed freely with a great number of the old men. 
A large majority of them, who offer in their own personality 
and present contentment the best evidence of having been 
good soldiers, I was pleased to find fully appreciate this great 
work of beneficence undertaken by the State, and express 
fully their gratitude and satisfaction. A few complaints 
come from those who would doubtless be dissatisfied under 
any conditions of restraint by which they could be surrounded. 
A few thought that white shirts should be provided, and 
others complained that they had great difficulty in securing 
needed clothing. 'ihe Superintendent tells me the latter 
is in many cases a just co^nplaint, and that he has had almost 
unsurmountable difficulties in having contracts for the old 
men executed. All the veterans with whom I was thrown in 
contact were neatly and warmly clad, and several remarked 
very frankly to me that if the clothing distributed from year 
to year had been properly cared for and preserved by re- 
cipients they would be well supplied. Unfortunately there 
have been inmates at the Home who, in violation of the rules, 
dispose of their clothing : and doubtless some of them are 
loudest in their complaints. 

"It is hardly my province in this repoirt to advise with 
reference to the betterment of the Home; but I will be par- 
doned if I suggest that the roads and walks exist only in name, 
and the fences and gates are altogether unworthy of the 
State. I suggest that the Legislative Committee urge this 
ntatter for immediate consideration, and that an emergency 
appropriation sufficient to do the work be asked of the Legis- 
lature. In this connection I would also urge that the un- 
finished ward in the hospital be completed without delay and 
furnished for much-needed use. A furnace should be pro- 
vided to heat the large dining room and administration 
building. This is a great necessity, and would enable the 
management to get rid of the cumbersome and uncleanly 
stoves and provide additional accommodations in the dining 
room. It gives me great pleasure to report that the Super- 
intendent and officers of the Home appear to have used all 
care and energy in conserving the best interests of the insti- 
tution. The rules of government I have carefully examined 
and believe them to be fair and absolutely necessary for a 
proper administration, and I am warranted in reporting that 
they have been enforced in a spirit of kindness and comrade- 
ship. Nothing possible seems to have been left undone to 
make the institution a real and happy home for our old com- 
rades who in their declining years have been driven to seek 
its refuge." 

The foregoing is almost a literal copy of Col. Goodman's 
report to Gen. Van Zandt, and it is commended for the 
double purpose of information to the great people of Texas 
and as suggestive to comrades in other States. The exami- 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai), 



35 



nation and report were required by tlie Cnniniander of the 
Texas Division, U. C. V., at his own expense, that the law- 
makers be supplied with the true condition of affairs, and that 
comrades, relatives, and friends of these noble but unfortu- 
nate men learn their true conditions. As stated, there are 
complaints in this Home, as there are in every place of the 
kind in the land, and Gen. Van Zandt was pleased to make 
this investigation at the suggestion of the Superiittendent. 



nf this gallant old regiment y<.l living are: Lieut. Col. Robert 
.A. McCnlloch, a kinsman of Col. Robert; .Maj. P. A. Savery. 
nf Tupelo, Miss. ; Capt. Gus Zallinger, of Otterville, Mo. : 
Lieut. George ^L Buchanan, of Holly Springs, Miss.; Capt. 
Ed Aldrich, of Collierville, Tenn. ; and Lieut. Zack Jennings, 
nf Water Vallev, Miss. 



COL. ROBT. M'CVLLOCH, VENERABLE I'ETERAN. 

Col. McCulloch was one of the first sons of Missouri to 
respond to the call of Gen. Sterling Price, in 1861, for troops 
to defend the State from Federal invasion. He reported 
promptly with a full company at Jefferson City, and from 
there followed the fortunes of Gen. Price's command through 
the Missouri campaign of 1861. 

Early in 1862 he raised and organized the Second Missouri 
Cavalry, was made colonel of (the regiment, and after the bat- 
tle of Pea Ridge, or Elkhorn, was transferred with Price's 
troop east of the Mississippi and joined Gen. Bragg's ,xnny 
at Corinlh. After the battle of Corinth Col. McCnlloch and 
his regiment were assigned to Gen. Forrest, with wdiom be 
served until the close of the war, winning the rank nf briga- 
dier general. 

Col. McCulloch, alth'iugh a man of strong personality and 
a strict disciplinarian, was as yentlc and tender as .-i woman. 








COL. ROBERT M CUI.I.OCH. 

He knew personally every man in his regiment, and when in 
camp made their comfort his first cnnsidcralion ; but he would 
lead them with fierce and reckless daring into the very thick- 
est of the fray. He was badly wounded twice, and much of 
the time confined to his ambulance while on the march ; but 
he never gave up the active command of his brigade. The 
Second Missouri Cavalry was composed almost entirely of 
young men and boys of the best families in the State. It is 
believed that a majority of them were killed or wounded and 
their bones bleached on the fields of battle fnvigbt nver by 
Forrest in West Tennessee, Mississippi, and .Mabama. 

Col. McCulloch is yet living at his old home in Boonville, 
Mo., at the ripe old age of eighty-four. The other officeil 



DARING DEED OF IKE DAVENPORT. 

BY E. P. ANDERSON, WAXAH.^CHIE, TEX. 

In 1863 a freckle-faced boy about sixteen years of age, 
finely mounted and followed by a tw'o-thousand-dollar negro 
on another fine horse, joined Wirt Adams's Cavalry Regiment 
in Mississippi. That lx)y was a reckless "dare-devil." He is 
now: a quiet minister in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 
and his name is 1. S. Davenport, a Christian gentleman with 
a splendid wife and children worthy of their ancestry (ex- 
cepting his wild career). In 1864 be joined Harvey's scouts, 
and operated around Natchez, Miss. 

Ike always rode a good horse, and needed one in his busi- 
ness. On one occasion he wanted a remount, and, as the 
Yankees had depleted Mississippi, he concluded he would 
retaliate. One pleasant day, dressed as a guileless boy from 
the country, he and two of his young lady friends drove into 
Natchez. The young ladies went shopping and he went to 
get a horse. After the ladies finished shopping they drove 
home, and were met just outside of the Yankee lines by some 
friends. Ike picked out a magnificent bay horse, fifteen and 
a half hands high, with saddle, pistols, and outfit complete, 
tied at headquarters, that belonged to a captain in a Yankee 
regiment. Having procured an official-looking envelope so 
as to look like a courier, he mounted the horse and rode oft 
as if on business for the L'niled States government. When 
out of sight of headquarters, be struck a lope, and, upon reach- 
ing the pickets, be galloped by as if to overtake some one 
ahead, and they did not suspect him. The vedettes were not 
quickly suspicious ; but when interrogated and he said he 
had a package for a carriage ahead, they started to investi- 
gate, when he went like a shot out of a gun, and was one 
hundred yards away before they fired. He met some of our 
scouts just outside of the Yankee lines. The horse did good 
service for the South. The captain who formerly owned the 
horse sent word to Davenport that he carried a good rope 
tied to his saddle to hang him with when he caught him, to 
which Davenport replied that he would not waste a good 
rope on him, but would hang him with a grapevine if he 
ever caught bim. 

In connection witJi the foregoing Comrade Anderson writes: 
"As the Veteran circulates among the old United States sol- 
diers, I will ask you to assist me in locating one of them, who 
was a brave man and a gentleman. On July 3, before Vicks- 
burg surrendered, I was sent to the mouth of the Yallabusha 
River (where it empties into the Yazoo) to capture a Yankee 
gunboat that w^as reported to be there; but it had left, so on 
our way back to the army, about twenty miles off in the 
bills, I stopped at a plantation on the Yazoo to get breakfast 
.nid have our horses fed. While I was waiting and taking a 
nap a negro came over from an adjoining plantation and re- 
ported the 'yard full of Yankees.' I mounted and went over 
to investigate, and found a squadron of Yankee cavalry fora- 
ging and expecting no trouble, as they were several miles 
wilhin their lines. We captured a good number of them, and 
I took charge of Lieut. Chase, a nephew of Gov. Chase, of 
Ohio, a fine fellow about twenty-one or twentj'-two years old. 
He was a brave man, and I would like to hear of him." 



36 



(Confederate Ueterap 




"They are passing away from us, passing away ; 

The weights they have lifted, the burdens tliey've borne, 
They have all beeti heavy, and shall we mourn 
That they are all passing away?" 

It is now forty years since the close of the War between 
the States. Many who participated in that great struggle 
were young and vigorous but are now old and feeble. They 
are fast passing away. In a few more years there will be 
no more reunions aad none to answer roll call. These noble 
old heroes deserve to live in the memory of every lover of 
liberty. They fought in defense of constitutional government, 
and not one of them should be allowed to pass away without 
having his name placed on the record of honor. 



Deaths in Camp Ward, Pensacola, Fla. 

The membership of Ward Camp, No. lo, at Pensacola, 
Fla., has been sadly diminished during 1904 by the heavy hand 
of death, five members having been summoned by the last 
roll. The first of these was Walter Tate, who died in April. 
He was a graduate of the University of Virginia, and was 
true to the teachings of the Mother State, casting his lot 
with his people in repelling invasion. After the war he went 
to Florida, and was one of the first to join Camp Ward, and 
continued a faithful member to the end. 

Thomas R. McCullough died on the 13th of September. 
Early in the war he enlisted in Gen. Clanton's Command of 
Cavalry, and his empty sleeve attested his courageous spirit. 
He went to Florida at the close of the war, and became one 
of the most prominent citizens of Pensacola. He was county 
judge at the time of his death, having held that position for 
twelve years. 

Andrew J. Jones died September 25. He went from Mis- 
sissippi to Florida about five years ago, and had been a faith- 
ful and zealous member of the Camp. 

Antonio Ferrara died October 10. He was a native of Italy. 
He joined the Twenty-First Alabama Regiment of Infantry, 
Capt. Festorozzi's company, and was a faithful Confederate 
soldier to the end. He became a resident of Pensacola about 
1880, and at the organization of Camp Ward cast his lot 
with his comrades. 

Augustus Stuckey died October 18. He enlisted in the 
Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry, and was made first sergeant 
of his company. In all positions of bis life he was noted for 
his faithfulness to duty. 

Dead of N. B. Forrest Camp, Chattanooga. 

Extracts from report read by John W. Faxon, Historian, 
at the Memorial Services Sunday, October 30, 1904: 

"We open another page to-day in our Camp's death history, 
upon which we inscribe the names and record of those with 
whom our common cause is connected by an inseparable as- 
sociation. What a forceful reminder these memorial services 
are to the livii.g, and how clearly do they warn us to 'put not 
oflE the safety of our souls I' 



"We add to our record the names of eight of our comrades 
'who have died to the world,' but we trust to 'begin in heaven 
to live with Christ.' 

"John Augustus Smith.— Comnde Smith was born in Jack- 
son County, Ala., in March, 1838. He enlisted in Company 
B, Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, in 1861, was wounded at Pu- 
laski, Tenn., captured at Brentwood in 1863, and escaped. He 
was paroled at Raleigh, N. C, at the close of the war. He 
joined N. B. Forrest Camp, No. 4, in February, 1898. His 
name should have been placed on our list of last year's dead, 
as he died May 8, 1903. He was buried at White Oak Ceme- 
tery. 

"Milton Russell. — Comrade Russell was born in Camden 
County, Ga., May 13, 1837. He enlisted in the Confederate 
army September 19, 1861, at Dalton, Ga. ; and served on the 
coast of Georgia, near Savannah, until June, 1862, when he 
joined T. J. (Stonewall) Jackson at Stanton,' Va., and par- 
ticipated in the fights around Richmond. He was mustered 
into service as second lieutenant, and promoted to captain 
October 7, 1862. He remained with Gen. Jackson's old corps 
until wounded, which resulted in the loss of an arm; and was 
captured at Winchester September 19, 1864, from which place 
he was sent to prison in Baltimore, where he was held a 
prisoner until after the surrender. He was elected a member 
of N. B. Forrest Camp July 5, 1886, and Commander of the 
Camp in December, 1902. He died at his home, in Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., December 4, 1903, and is buried at Forest 
Hill Cemetery. 

"F. M. Hatfield.— Comra.de Hatfield was born December 27, 
1837, in Bledsoe County, Tenn. ; enlisted near McMinnville, 
Tenn., September 6, 1861, as second corporal, Company K, 
Fifth Tennessee Regiment. He was paroled at Valley Head, 
Ala., in 1865. His rank at the close of the war was second 
lieutenant. He was elected a member of N. B. Forrest Camp 
in March, 1899. He died February 14, 1904, and was buried 
at Daisy, Tenn. 

[Comrade E. M. Dodson is next mentioned. See sketch in 
Veteran, Last Roll, August issue.] 

"IV. C. HaAy. — Comrade Hafiy was born at Athens, Tenn., 
in 1848. He enlisted in the Confederate service in 1862 in 
Company C, Thomas's Legion, Walker's Brigade; was elected 
a member of N. B. Forrest Camp in October, 1897; ^"d died 
in Grady Hospital, Atlanta, Ga., May 9, 1904. 

"Jonathan W. Ownby. — Comrade Ownby was bom in Lump- 
kin County, Ga., June 29, 1824 ; enlisted in the Confederate 
service April, 1864, in Company C, First Georgia State 
Troops, Stovall's Brigade. He was paroled at the surrender, 
in 1865. He was elected a member of N. B. Forrest Camp in 
April, 1899; and died June 17, 1904. He was buried at Grays- 
ville, Ga. 

"John G. Beasley. — Comrade Beasley was born at Spottsyl- 
vania C. H., Va., May 21, 1821. He was a soldier in 
the War between the States and Mexico. Although forty 
years of age, he enlisted in the Confederate army at Pen- 
field, Green County, Ga., in Company C, Third Georgia Regi- 
ment, Army of Northern Virginia, in 1861 as a private. He 
was wounded in the battle of Seven Pines, and was paroled 
at the close of the war at Appomattox C. H., Va., April 
9, 1865, as major. In 1865 he settled at Gordon Springs, the 
boyhood home of Gen. John B. Gordon, and he and Gen. 
Gordon were warm personal friends. After his wife's death, 
in 1903, he came to Chattanooga to live with his daughter, 
Mrs. W. C. Bice. He was elected a member of N. B. Forrest 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



37 



Camp June 7, 1904, He died September 23, 1904; and was 
buried at Dalton, Ga." 

Comrade Faxon concludes his tribute as follows : 
"On this mournful occasion we should turn backward our 
thoughts and reflect that amid the ensanguined struggle of a 
terrible war, where death's merciless reaper always cleft its 
widened swath, our Maker spared the old soldiers present 
to-day for some wise purpose. Was it not that we could pre- 
pare for a future life which is inevitable ? Looking before us 
at these tottering frames, almost gazing into their own graves, 
we feel that we are 

Only waiting till the shadows 

Are a little longer grown, 
Only waiting till the glimmer 

Of the day's last beam is flown;' 
Almost looking in death's valley 

From our sightless-grc«ving eyes. 
Where Christ, our faithful Shepherd. 
Waits to lead us to the skies." 



Tribute of Mrs. Fred A. Olds. 

The Johnston Pettigrew Chapter of U. D. C, of Raleigh, N. 
C., through Mrs. Helen DcBerviere Wills, sends the following 
tribute to this noble Christian woman : 

"In the death of our beloved and honored President, Mrs. 
F. A. Olds, the U. D. C. of North Carolina have met with a 
grievous loss. Besides her peculiar fitness for the duties of 
a presiding officer, she had so endeared herself to the Daugh- 
ters throughout the State that each one feels it a personal be- 
reavement. This was evidenced most forcibly during the me- 
morial services held in hnnor of Mrs. Olds by the U. D. C. 




MRS. FRED A. OLDS. 

Convention in Fayetteville recently. One after another rose 
and testified to the loving remembrance in which she is held 
and to the noble work in which she had long been both a leader 
and fellow-worker. 

"The services on this occasion were solemn and beautiful. 
The whole convention joined in singing her favorite hymns, 
and many with faltering voices told of her charity, her 
zealous care for the old and disabled veterans, of her energy 



in the work of the King's Daughters, and her unselfish devo- 
tion to duty wherever and whenever it called her. 

"She was one of the originators and managers of the As- 
sociated Charities and of the Day Nursery of this city, and 
for a long time one of the managers of the Ladies' Hospital Aid 
Society. She was President of St. Luke's Home for Old 
Women, and largely concerned in the fitting up of the Con- 
federate Soldiers' Home here. The slow, but certain, growth 
of the idea of a State Reformatory for youthful criminals has 
resulted from her constant zeal in its behalf. We feel sure 
of the sympathy of the U. D. C. and of the Veterans in all 
parts of the South, where our late beloved President was 
known and esteemed. 

"The memory of her faithful service will ever be gratefully 
cherished in the hearts of all with whom she was associated in 
Christian and patriotic work." 



Elisha Whittle. 

Elisha Whittle was born in Richland County, Ga., in 1846, 
and died June i, 1904, at Graceville, Fla. He was a member 
of Company G, Sixty-Third Alabama Infantry, and was ser- 
geant major of Frank Phillips Camp, U. C. V., when he died. 

Wilson Watford was born in South Carolina in 1826, and 
died at Graceville, Fla., in June, 1903. He was also a member 
of Frank Phillips Camp, and during the war served as a 
member of Company G, Eleventh Florida Infantry. 



Gen. Jesse Johnson Finley. 

After a life full of years and honors. Gen. J. J. Finley died 
at the residence of his son, in Lake City. Fla. He was bom 
in Wilson County, Tenn., in 1812. the son of Obadiah Gaines 
and Mary Lewis Finley. He was educated at Lebanon, and 
early in life began the study of law ; but his studies were in- 
terrupted by the Seminole War, in which he served as captain, 
having recruited a cavalry company. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1838, and two years later removed to Arkansas and 
became a member of the State Senate in 1841. He after- 
wards became -a citizen of Memphis. Tenn., of which city 
he was Mayor in 1845. From there he removed to Florida 
the following year, in which State he was prominent and 
active in political life. Settling in Marianna, he became a 
member of the State Senate in 1850; in 1852 he was a presi- 
dential elector on the Whig ticket, and the year following 
was appointed judge of the local circuit. During the War 
between the States he also served as judge, but resigned in 
1862 to enter the ranks. He was speedily promoted to cap- 
tain ; and on April 14, 1862. became colonel of the Sixth 
Florida. He served in East Tennessee under Gen. Kirby 
Smith, in Davis's Brigade, Heth's Division, where he ex- 
hibited that he was a natural leader of men. He was soon 
made a brigadier general, and assigned to command of the 
Florida Infantry in the Army of Tennessee, Bate's Division, 
Hardee's Corps. He was in command of this brigade at the 
battle of Missionary Ridge, where he won signal distinction. 
At tlie battle of Resaca Gen. Finley was severely wounded, 
and again at Jonesboro, where he narrowly escaped capture. 

Upon the conclusion of hostilities GerL Finley settled in 
Lake City, removing to Jacksonville in 1875. In that year he 
was elected to Congress, and upon the expiration of his 
term was reelected. His seat for that term, however, 
was contested, and given to his opponent. In 1887 Gov. 
Perry appointed him to fill an unexpired term in the United 
States Senate. In tlie same year he was made judge of the 
Fifth Judicial Circuit, retiring after six years of service 



38 



Qoijfederate l/eterar>. 



because of the infirmities of old age. Gen. Finley was twice 
married. Two children survive him. Charles A. Finley and 
Mrs. M. F. Griffiths. 

Stephen S. Dalg.\rn. 

During the war a youth, so small, so young, and so pale as 
to excite compassion, joined the Confederate Army of North- 
ern Virginia — Company D. Second Virginia Infantry. He 
seemed quite unequal to marching under the burden of 
cartridge belt, haversack, knapsack, blanket, and gun. With 
manly fortitude and heroic purpose, however, he marched in 
Jackson's Fool Cavalry through its most arduous campaigns, 
refusing all help and favor; and fought in its battles with a 
soldierly courage worthy of men of sterner physique. He 
suffered all the privations of his command without murmuring, 
and bore all its hardships with noble fortitude to the end 
of the war. 

After the war closed he settled in Frederick City, Md., as 
merchant. Later he moved to Charlestown, W. Va., and 
opened and successfully conducted a mercantile store. He 
married Miss Eliza Shugert, became a meniber and a most 
valued deacon in the Presbyterian Church, a director in the 
Bank of Charlestown and in the John Stephenson Female 
Seminary, besides occupying many important positions in the 
business community. He was an upright and exemplary citizen 
of public spirit, and enjoyed the respect and confidence of all 
good people. Fortunately for him, he had not deferred to 
a dying bed his reconciliation to his God and Saviour, for 
his end came most unexpectedly and suddenly on Sunday, 
August 14, 1904. 

Capt. B. F. McClanahan. 
Dr. A. N. Perkins writes from Beaumont, Tex. : "Capt. B. 
F. McClanahan died at Sabine Pass in September after a 
short illness. He was one of the first to volunteer in 
1861, joining Gen. Lane's regiment at Dallas, and was 
the color bearer of that regiment in the celebrated charge 
which resulted in the death of the Federal Gen. Lyon. 
Capt. McClanahan was under Gen. Bragg at the battle of 
Murfreesboro and many other engagements, and was a brave 
and gallant soldier, believing to the day of his death that 
he fought in a just and holy cause. He was paroled at 
Meridian, Miss. During Cleveland's administration he re- 
ceived the appointment as customhouse officer at Sabine Pass, 
serving four years. Capt. McClanahan was a newspaper man, 
and published the Sabine Times for several years. He is 
survived by a wife, daughter, and several grandchildren." 



Mrs. R. -W. Crabb. Uniontown, Ky. 
Mrs. Bettie E. Crabb, wife of Maj. R. W. Crabb, of Union- 
town, Ky., died November 27 after a married life of nearly 
thirty years. Two sons and a daughter are left with the 
devoted husband to mourn the loss of this Christian wife 
and mother. She was a friend to the Confederate soldiers. 
and will be sadly missed. 

Capt. John Lytle Carney. 
Capt. John L. Carney died in Clarksville, Term., October 
28, 1904. He was born in Murfreesboro, Tenn., February 6, 
1837 ; and was educated at Union University there. He loved 
his home and his people; their cause was his, and when war 
was declared he took up arms in defense of the South, and 
served to the end, surrendering with Forrest at Gainesville, 



Ala. He assisted in raising a company, of which he was made 
first lieutenant ; and this company was D, of Douglas's Bat- 
talion, which, with Holman's Battalion, formed tile Eleventh 
Tennessee Regiment of Cavalry, part of Forrest's old bri- 
gade. Lieut. Carney was appointed quartermaster of the regi- 
ment in 1864, and while serving in that capacity still con- 
tinued with his company, never missing a battle. When Capt. 
John Lytle took charge of the private scouts Lieut. Carney 




CAPT. J. L. CARNEY. 

became captain, and commanded the company in the rest of 
the battles, yet continuing to serve as quartermaster. 

Brave and true, gentle yet firm, he was loved and honored 
liy his comrades, for the ragged boys in gray had no hard- 
ships which he did not share. A few years after the war he 
removed from Murfreesboro to Lake Weir, Fla., which was 
his home at his death. His wife, who was Miss Amanda 
Turner, of Rutherford County, Tenn., survives him with five 
children. He was a Christian, noted for his charity and gen- 
erosity, and especially tender toward the poor and unfortu- 
nate. Death for him had no terror, and, resting upon the love 
and mercy of God, he felt, 

"Though from out our bound of time and place 

The flood may hear me far, 
I hope to see my Pilot face to face 

.When I have crossed the bar.'' 



Lieut. James L. Livingston. 

Comrade Livingston was born in Orangeburg District, S. C, 
February 22, 1831, and moved with his parents to Haywood 
County, Tenn., in 1847, near Lebanon Church, which was his 
home until his death, September 30, 1904. On December 12, 
i860, he was married to Miss Ann W. Carlton, who, with a 
large family of children and grandchildren, survives him. 

On April 12, 1862, at the call of his country and with the 



Confederate l/eteraij. 



39 



blessing and tears of his devoted young wife, he entered the 
Confederate army as a member of the Seventh Tennessee 
Cavalry. He was elected sergeant and later lieutenant of the 
company, serving gallantly under Forrest until the surrender, 
at Gainesville, Ala., May lo, 1865. 

Lieut. Livingston was an active member of Hiram S. Brad- 
ford Bivouac until his death, and in the resolutions passed 
expressive of their sorrow and esteem they say : "Those who 
were never within the circle of his influence and never felt 
the blessings of his presence can realize only in an imperfect 
degree the loss we liave sustained in the death of Comrade 
Livingston. This Bivouac has lost the active service and 
wise counsel of a devoted and able comrade, whose life as a 
soldier, a citizen, and a Christian gentleman is a worthy ex- 
ample to the living ; whose deatli was a victory and whose 
memory is a benediction." 

Mrs. C. K. Vertner. 
Resolutions were adopted by the Luray Chapter upon the 
death of Mrs. C. K. Vertner, President of the Chapter, setting 
forth the loss to "the Chapter in her wise counsel, fidelity, 
zeal, and devotion to the lost Confederacy. Her example is 
commended by the Chapter, while its members resolve to be 
more faithful and zealous to promote the work of the Chapter, 
in which she took such a deep interest. Heartfelt sympathy 
was expressed for her family in their sore bereavement. Mrs. 
S .\. Walton and Miss Lena Storer coonposod the committee. 



W. R. DORAN. 

William Russell Doran was bora in Jackson County, Ala., 
in 1832; and died at his home, in San Saba, Tex., in October 
of 1904. He went with his father's family to Texas in 1850, 
and when the w^ar broke out he entered the Confederate 
service under Capt. Bates, in Ector's Brigade, as a member 
of Company 1. Fifteenth Texas Cavalry. His health failed 
after a year's service, and ho returned home. 



Maj. N. r. N. ROUINSON. 

Maj. N. T. N. Robinson, of New Orleans, died at the 
Providence Hospital, Washington, D. C. December 9, 1904. 
He had been in ill health for some time, and for a month 
was at Providence Hospital. 

Maj. Robinson was educated at private schools in New 
(.)rleans and in the LIniversity of Virginia. At the age of 
twenty-three he was cashier of the Citizens' Bank of New Or- 
leans, which position he gave up to enter the Confederate 
army with the Crescent Rifles, which was the first company 
to leave Louisiana. Later he was placed in command of a 
company of artillery. He served in Tennessee under Gen. 
Johnston, having command of the Louisiana mounted bat- 
tery, was promoted to major, and, at the close of the war, 
was acting assistant adjutant of the Department of East 
Louisiana. In the first Cleveland administration he was at- 
torney for the Department of Justice, and in the second Cleve- 
land administration was Assistant Solicitor of the Treasury. 

Maj. Robinson married the daughter of Gen. James N. 
Betlume, of Georgia, who survives him with one son, Nor- 
borne Robinson, Jr., of Washington, D. C. 



tion, Tenn.. and was engaged in the marble business when 
the War between the States began. He espoused the Southern 
side, and raised a company of cavalry. Shortly afterwards 
he was transferred to the artillery service with the rank of 
lieutenant and later as captain. He was in the siege of Vicks- 
burg and commanded an important battery. He was among 
the prisoners captured and immured in a Northern prison 
until the close of the war. 

Capt. Whitehead was recently appointed by Gov. Frazier, 
of Tennessee, one of the commissioners to locate certain his- 
toric spots connected with the siege of Vicksburg. He was a 
member of John Ingram Bivouac and of the Confederate 
Veterans, Company C. At the time of his death he was 
working on a memorial tablet of the deceased members of the 
Bivouac, which was a gift from him and a labor of love to 
bis deceased comrades. His name has been carved upon it 
with others who have gone before and placed in the Bivouac 
rooms, but his place can never be filled. He was senior 
warden of the Episcopal Church and a stanch, consistent 
member, a citizen respected and esteemed by all who knew 
him. Surviving Capt. Whitehead arc his wife and four 
children, two sons and two daughters. 



Cai't. E. T. Kindred. 
Capt. E. T. Kindred died at his home, in Ronoake, Va., 
December i, 1904, aged sixty-seven years. When the call to 
arms was sounded in l86t he was living in Gonzales, Tex., 
and was one of the first to volunteer. He commanded Com- 
pany F, Fourth Texas Regimciit, Hood's old brigade. He 
surrendered at Appomattox. After the war Capt. Kindred re- 
turned to his Texas hoanc, but in 1868 he removed to Virgin- 
ia, where he had married, in 1864, Mary T. Tinsley, daughter 
of B. T. Tinsley, of Roanoke County. As one of the Army of 
Northern X'irginia. Capt. Kindred was known among the 
best. His fu!ieral was conducted by the William Watts and 
I laiip-Dcycre Cami>s. 

S n. Rich. 
Stephen D. Rich, a native of Perry County, Miss., was born 
July 25, 1837, and died August 25, 1904. During the War be- 
tween the States he served in Company B, Ninth Mississippi 
Cavalry. He was an upright citizen and a useful man in his 
conmumity and Church. He spent all his life in Perry 
County. The Hattiesburg Camp, No. 21, passed resolutions 
to cherish his memory and to commend liis example to the 
younger men of the county. 

B. K. McQuowN. 
William Wood, of Glasgow, Ky., reports the death of B. 
K. McQuown, a member 01 Joseph H. Lewis Camp, and who 
served in Company C, Second Kentucky Cavalry, under Mor- 
gan. Comrade McQuown was a good and faithful soldier, 
and after the war was equally faithful in his duties as a citizen 
and Christian. The burial was by comrades of the Camp. 



Capt. J. T. Whitehead. 
James Thomas Whitehead entered rest in his home, Jack- 
son, Tenn., March 2, 1904. He was born in Boston, Lincoln- 
shire, England, in 1840. In youth he moved to Canada with 
his parents. Later he came South, and settled at Grand Junc- 



Wipow OF Gen. D. H. Hill. 
Mrs. Isabella Morrison Hill, widow of Lieut. Gen. D. H. 
Hill, died at her home, in Raleigh, N. C, December 12, 1904, 
in her eightieth year. Despite her advanced age. Mrs. Hill 
was a woman of remarkable intelloct and strength of charac- 
ter, and kept alive to the last a widespread love and interest 
for her friends. Mrs. Hill was the highest type of Southern 
womanhood. Educated, cultured, an exemplary Christian, 
devoted to her Church and to every good cause, she lived in 



40 



Qoi>federate l/eterai?. 



an atmosphere far removed from everything that was not 
uplifting and elevating. Mrs. Hill was a worthy descendant 
from two of the most distinguished families of the Old North 
State. She was the daughter of Rev. Robert Hall Morrison, 
the first President of Davidson College and a noted Presby- 
terian minister, whose wife was Miss Mary Graham, a daugh- 
ter of Joseph Graham, of revolutionary fame. 

Mrs. Hill is survived by three sons. Prof. D. H. Hill, of 
the Agricultural and Mechanical College. Raleigh, N. C. ; 
Chief Justice Joseph M. Hill, of the Supreme Court of Arkan- 
sas ; Dr. Randolph W. Hill, of Los Angeles, Cal. ; and two 
daughters, Mrs. Eugenia Arnold, of West Virginia, and Miss 
Nannie Hill, of Florida. She is survived by two brothers, 
Mr. Joseph G. Morrison, of Lincoln County, N. C, and Dr. 
R. H. Morrison, of Shelby, N. C. ; and two sisters, Mrs. T. 
J. (Stonewall) Jackson and Mrs. John E. Brown, of Char- 
lotte, N. C. 

The exemplary life of Mrs. Hill and the fame of her dis- 
tinguished husband in the Confederate army are the richest 
legacies that could have been left to their children. 



R. W. Major. 

R. W. Major was born in Trigg County, Ky., January 13, 
1842. He entered the Confederate army in August, 1861, in 
Company G, Fourth Kentucky Infantry, as second sergeant. 
He was promoted second lieutenant, afterwards to first, and 
at the close of the war was in command of the company. He 
participated with his company in the battles of Shiloh, Vicks- 
burg, Baton Rouge, Murfreesboro, Jackson, Missionary 
Ridge, Rocky Face Gap, and Resaca. In the latter he was 
wounded, but in forty days was back with his company again, 
and participated in the battles around Atlanta. He was 
wounded again at Peachtree Creek, and twice more at Jones- 
boro, where he was captured; but he succeeded in making his 
escape about twenty days later, and returned to his regiment, 
which was soon afterwards mounted and sent to South Caro- 
lina, where they participated in a number of skirmishes. The 
men were paroled at Washington, Ga., May 6, 1865. 

Mr. Major was married October 16, 1873, to Miss Emma 
Chappell. Four sons and two daughters blessed this union. 




Comrade Major died on the 29th of October, 1891 ; and 
some years after his death the following poem, written by 
him, was found in the inside pocket of his old, faded army 
jacket: 

To My Old Gray Jacket. 
You're like your master, worn and old, 

And scarred with wounds, my suit of gray. 
I'll smooth you free of crease and fold 
And lay you tenderly away. 

But ere I hide you from my sight. 

Forgetting all that's lost and gone, 
Let me recall the visions bright 

I saw when first I drew you on. 

I saw a nation spring to breath, 

I saw a people proud and grand 
Do battle to the very death 

For freedom and their native land. 

I saw a cause pure of all harm, 
Thrice noble and without one stain ; 

I'd given for it my good right arm, 
And give it o'er and o'er again. 

I saw across a stormy sky 

The bow of glorious promise gleam, 

And, as its splendor blazed on high. 
Fade like the fancies of a dream. 

Then darkness, such as might be felt. 

Came down upon our hapless land; 
And yet I knew our woe was dealt 

In wisdom by a Father's hand. ■ 

Gray jacket, you fill my heart with tears. 

Though to my eyes they may not spring, 
Recallmg our four glorious years. 
And all the memories they bring 

Our fight is lost, our hopes are fled. 

The land we love sits sore bereft, 
Lamenting for her mighty dead. 

You are the only vestige left. 

Old jacket, once more you will be worn 

When I am in my coffin laid. 
Upon the resurrection mom 

I wish to stand in you arrayed. 



R. W. MAJOR. 



George W. Hatfield. 
Geo. W. Hatfield was born in Sumter County, Ala., Oc- 
tober, 1837 ; and died July 3, 1904. He was an active mem- 
ber of Camp Sterling Price, U. C. V., and the following is 
taken from the resolutions of respect passed by the Camp: 
"When the tocsin of war sounded, he immediately answered 
his country's call and took up arms in her defense. He en- 
listed in Company C, Fifth Alabama, and went to Virginia, 
where he nobly and gallantly behaved on many battlefields, 
as members of his Camp can attest. He entered the war as 
a private and returned a captain. We knew him as a soldier 
and as a private citizen, and in both war and peace he proved 
himself a man. While we mourn his loss, we shall ever cher- 
ish in memory's sacred shrine our departed comrade. He was 
a consistent member of the Baptist Church." 

J. M. Fleeman, of Alton Hill, Tenn., died on the 29th of 
October, aged about seventy-two years. He served during 
the war in Company E, Second Tennessee Cavalry. 



Qopfedcrat^ l/eterap. 



41 



CHICKAMAUGA. 

BY T. C. HARBAUGH. 

It is night at Chickamauga. In the 

woods the armies he 
Waiting for the deadly grapple 'neath 

the soft autumnal sky. 
Not a drumbeat breaks the silence, not 

a bugle stirs the lines 
Wrapped in sweet and dreamless slum- 
. ber in the camps among the pines ; 
But the breezes of September soon a 

requiem will sing 
For the gallant ones whose spirits have 

forever taken wing, 
Aye, upon the leaves of autunui, dyed 

by War a crimson hue, 
On the banks of Chickamauga Gray 

will mingle with the Blue. 

It is morn at Chickamauga. Hark ! the 

drumbeats roll afar, 
And the clear notes of the bugle sound 

the tocsin wild of war ; 
'J'here the muskets crash like thunder 

all along the serried lines. 
And the grim, death-dealing cannon mar 

the beauty of the pines; 
Higher rolls the tide of battle, and the 

leaves with blood are wet. 
And the bosoms of the bravest feel the 

cruel baydnet ; 
Back and forth amid the carnage move 

the legions in their ire. 
And from phalanx mad to phalanx 

leaps the never-ending fire. 

It is noon at Chickamauga. Vet tin- bat- 
tle is not still : 
Men are dying in the valley, nun are 

fighling on the hill ; 
Rush the batt'ries o'er the fallen in that 

hell-enchanted wood. 
And the hundreds fight together where 

at morn the thousands stood ; 
Steel meets steel upon the hilltop, and 

the cannon shake the glen. 
And "amid September's flowers fall the 

nation's bravest men. 
There'll be mourning in the Northland, 

far from battle's serried lines ; 
'1 here'll be sobbing in the Southland, in 

the homes among the pines. 

Night again at Chickamauga, and the 
guns at last are still. 

Where the dead doth lie by thousands 
in the vale and on the hill : 

Nevermore they'll see their banners 
wave against the balmy sky. 

Hark! the wounded cry for water — 
would to heaven they could die ! 

By the narrow, crimsoned river War 
has paused awhile for breath. 

Ah ! the Indian named thee right, Chick- 
amauga — "stream of death ;" 



Let the living seek their blankets where 
the ground is thick with slain, 

Let them dream of home and loved ones ; 
God will guard the battle plain. 

To-day at Chickamauga bloom the roses 

in the wood. 
.'\nd the robin wooes his sweetheart 

where in strife the thousands stood ; 
Rises high the shaft of glory 'neath the 

soft skies of the South, 
.•\nd the mother wren is nesting in the 

cannon's grimy mouth ; 
You can hear the crickets singing where 

the legions met one day. 
And violets bloom along the lines w^hcre 

grappled Blue and Gray; 
There's a sound that rises softly on the 

drowsy summer air. 
As the bells of Chattanooga call the 

holy ones to prayer. 



expect to visit Nashville and its battle- 
fields in the fall, when I shall be glad 
to take the hand of my Southern 
friends." 




MR. HARBAUGH^ THE AUTHOR. 

So delightful has been the Muse of 
T. C. Harbaugh in the Veteran that 
inquiry was made of him for a personal 
note, and he writes : "Born in Middle- 
town, Frederick County, Md., at the 
foot of South Mountain, January 13. 
1849; came to Ohio two years after my 
birth, and have since resided in Cass- 
town. Adopted literature as a profes- 
sion years ago, and have contributed to 
many publications all over the country. 
.Have written many novels, etc. My 
love for the bravery of the American 
soldier in the Civil War has often 
called for poems from my Muse, and 
I am glad to say she liberally responds. 
This is about all I know about myself, 
with the exception that I am not mar- 
ried. Don't know why. Am sorry I 
can't come down to the reunion ; but T 



THE LAST HYMN. 

BY T. C. HARBAUGH. 

"Jesus, Lover of my soul" — 

Flashed the guns beneath the sky. 

Silent never grew their roll — 
"Let me to thy bosom fly." 

"Hide me, O my Saviour, hide" — 
Fiercer roared the battle's blast; 

Faster flowed the crimson tide — 
"O receive my soul at last !" 

"Other refuge have I none" — 
Sang the boy beneath the tree — 

"Mother soon will be alone, 
O support and comfort me." 

"All my trust on thee is stayed" — 
Listen how the Minies sing — 

"Cover my defenseless head 
With the shadow of thy wing." 

Sank the sun behind the town 
Just beyond the battle plain. 

And the moon looked coldly down 
On the wounded and the slain. 

Dead upon the field he lay. 
Past the war god's mad control ; 

But his white lips seemed to say : 
"Jesus, Lover of my soul." 



CHRISTMAS GREETING. 

(To office force of the \'eteran.) 
BY T. C. HARBAUGH. 

'Tis now the precious Christmas time 

Steals softly over land and sea, 
With blessings from the holy clime 

Of Bethlehem and Galilee; 
And in the Northland I would twine 

.'\ bit of everduring spray. 
And send it with these wishes mine 

To friends in Southland far away. 

Again shines forth the Christmas Star, 

That bids in love our sorrows cease; 
It shone w-hen once the wise men far 

Sought out the cradled Prince of 
Peace. 
/\nd while life's river takes its course 

May God's sweet love with us abide; 
.\nd so I wish the Veteran's "force" 

A merry, happy Christmastide. 

Di'Crnibcr, 1904. 



.\ patron of the Veteran makes in- 
quiry of any of Mosby's command for 
information of Robert Dearing. who 
was one of Mosby's scouts. Particulars 
are wanted of his death. The inquiry 
comes from "Mary Trip." 



42 



Qoi>fedcrat(^ Ueterai}. 



CONSUMPTION CURI-D. 

An old ]>hysician, retired from prartire. hud 
placed in liis liands by an i^ast India iniKsionaiy 
the Torniula «»f a siini)lo ve;;utaljle rc-incd.- for tlie 
speedy niitl iiermancut cure *»f *'onsnin]>tion. Broii- 
<-tiitis. CaLarrli, Astluna, and nil Tliroiit and Luv.i; 
AlTcctiont.; also a iio^itivo a. id ladital cure (( r 
Nervous Dotiility nn'l all Nervous Complaints. ila\- 
iiiK tc'itcd its wonderful curative power in tl;on- 
eands of cases, a'nl der.irinif to relieve liuniun suf- 
ferinrr. I v.'ill send free of charTe to all v.-ho wir.h it 
this recinc. with foil directions for J)renariiin and 
T3Sin/T. Sent bv mail, bv adclresKiniT. with stcmp. 
liaminc this neper. W. .\. Noyes. Kii Powers Dlock. 
Rochester. N. Y. 1 



HUNTING AND FISHING IN THE 
SOUTH. 

The subject of this article is most 
thoroughly and comprehensively dealt 
with in a sixly-five-page booklet just 
issued by the Southern Railway. The 
work is one of real merit, and treats 
of the South and her famous hunting 
grounds in every State south of the 
Mason and Dixon line. Full extracts 
from the game laws and the exact loca- 
tion of the different grounds, with hotel 
rates at near-by points, and special di- 
rections and exact information pertain- 
ing to the kind of game sought, art 
given in miiiute detail. On the front 
cover is shown in characteristic pose 
a picture of ex-President Grover Cleve- 
land, with gun in hand, dressed in regu- 
lation hunting costume, about to fire 
at a flock of ducks resting on the water 
near by. On the reverse cover appears 
the picture of Joseph Jefferson, the vet- 
eran actor, with a fishing rod in hand, 
engaged in his favorite pastime. Both 
of these pictures are used by special 
permission ; Mr. Jefferson's was secured 
first, and when Mr. Cleveland was told 
that Joseph Jefferson's picture would 
appear on one side he remarked that 
he could stand it if Jefferson could. 
The engravings and half-tones are ably 
executed, and are of a nature to fire the 
blood of the hunters and fishermen. 

Copies can be had at the City Ticket 
Office of the Southern Railway, lii West 
Ninth Street. Call or write J. E. Ship- 
ley, T. P. A., Chattanooga, Tenn. 



Mrs. M. J. Kinney, 1008 Wilson 
Street, Los Angeles, Cal., wants the war 
record of her father, Benjamin F, Fry, 



By Anointing with Oil Cancer of the 
Hand Cured in One Month. 

Peuruary 5, 1004. 
Dr. D. M. Bye Co.. Dallas. Tex. 

Dear Sirs: Atler usiugr the medicine you 
seut me ace trdini^ to direction.*, on the morn- 
int^ of the 1-th day I removed the cancer from 
my hand and it is well. It is now about four 
months since it healed up. 

Yours truly, L. S. Newman, 

Pleasant Grove, Tex. 

There is absolutely no need of the knife, or 
burning ]>laster. no need of pain or disfiprure- 
ment. The Comtiination Oil Cure for cancel sis 
soothing and balmy, safe and sure. Write f"r 
free book to the Orieinator's Office, Dr. D. M. 
Bye Co., Box 4ti2, Dallas, Tex. 



of Mississippi, who died in Camp Chase 
prison of smallpox, it is thought. 

John Gusbands, of Mill Creek, Ind. 
T., would like to hear from any of his 
old comrades of Company F, Eighth 
Mississippi Infantry. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 
Mrs. Gerlrude F. Hess is prepared to 
shop for patrons in and out of New 
York City, wishing to make purchases 
of house furnishings, dressmaking, tai- 
loring, etc., where the latest styles and 
best terms can be obtained. Her knowl- 
edge of the best and most reliable New 
York houses and their prices enables 
her to give her customers marked ad- 
vantages of quality and price. Personal 
supervision given to all orders. To 
patrons intending to visit New York 
City and wishing to make purchases, 
Mrs. Hess extends her cooperation in 
the way of information or by personal 
conduct through the shopping districts. 



HANCOCK'S DIARY 
gives a faithful account of the experi- 
ences of the writer, R. R. Hancock, 
who was a member of Bell's Brigade, 
Buford's Division, Forrest's Cavalry, 
and it includes a history of Forrest's 
command for the last fifteen months of 
the war. Bound in cloth, 644 pages. 
Price, reduced, $1.50; with the Veteran 
one year, $2. 



VALUABLE RELICS. 
An elderly lady, a lineal descendant 
of Col. William Fauntleroy, of Rich- 
mond County, Va., impelled by neces- 
sity, offers to the highest bidder a 
brooch containing the hair of Gen. R. 
E. Lee, presented to her in 1867, and 
now valued at one hundred dollars ; 
also a bronze and silver medal once 
owned by her grandfather (Robert F.), 

BUFORD GOLLBGE 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 

FOR YOUNG W3MZN. LIMITED AND SELECT. 

The Distinclivcly University Preparatory College o) 
the South for Women. Patrons will seek in vain a more 
ideal location than "Beaufort." Peacefully she rests 
amid thi "strength and beauty" of hill an,! vale and 
mighty forest scene, y. I in close touchwiththe great ed- 
ucational center of the South. A charming campus of 25 
acres, pure air, water, and food, combined with outdoor 
athletics, a splendidly equipped building, perfect sani 
lation. and constant personal care promote the exccilcnl 
health of the student body. The limited enrollment. 
Chriblian atmosphL-re. comprehensive curriculum, lead- 
ing to degrees and preparing for all universities, with 
Cunservaioty advantages in Art. Music, and Expression, 
must commend this thorough co lege to all thoughtful 
parents. The cultured faculty of university graduates, 
strengthened by the scholarly lecture corps and access 
to Vanderbilt laboratories, offer unrivaled opportunities 
for "The Making of a Woman." Write for beautiful 
"Gray and Gold Yearbook," and read the testimony of 
enthusiastic patrons from every section of the country. 
MRS. E. C. BUFORO, President. 



A Standard 
Household Remedy 
For 20 Years 



FOR 

Wounds, Burns, 
Bruises, 
Sprains, Colic, 

I Cramps, 
Headache and 
Neuralgia. 



All Druggists or 
Sample Bottle 
Mailed 10 Cents. 



L 



SHERROUSE 
MEDICINE CO. 

NEW ORLEANS. LA. 




commemorating the capture of Porto 
Bello by Admiral Vernon in 1739. 

For particulars address Miss Fauntle- 
roy, Chase Home, Annapolis, Md. 



THE REAL LINCOLN 

From the Testimony of His Contemporaries 

By CHARLES L. C. MINOR, M.A., LL.D, 

Second Edition. Revi.'ied and Enlarged. 

The publishers have pleasure in announcing a 
second edition of Dr. Minor's remarkable contribu- 
tion to the history of our country. Originally pub- 
lished as a pamphlet, the commendation it received 
and the fascination of the subject impelled its author 
to further and greater research, and the present vol- 
ume is I'le result. 

In explanation of the nature and aim of the book 
it may be said that its object is to controvert the 
error which partisan ignorance is endeavoring to 
perpetuate in exalting Lincoln to the highest pinna- 
cle of fame in the catalogue of American heroes. 
Full doth, 12mo. 230 pages; price, $1.25 postpaid. 

FVERETT WADDEY CO., Publishers, Richmond, Va. 



EVERY OLD MAN READ THiS 

Mr. Editor: You ought to tell your gray- 
beaded re:^ders that there is a business that 
they can easily engage in. which pays big 
profits, and wh.'re their age insp.res confidence 
instead of being a disadvantage. I am 48 years 
old, and a year ago finished a course of instruc- 
tion, by mail, with the Jacksonian Optical Col- 
lege. 905 College Street. Jackson. Mich. It took 
nie about two months, working evenings and 
spare time, to complete the course and get my 
diploma. Since then, by pleasant outdoor 
work, which takes mo into the open air, I make 
from S3 to SIO a day fitting glasses. 1 have vis- 
ited the College since I graduated, and found 
the gentlemen composing it to stand very high 
in the social and business circles of Jacks-m. 
Mich. Hoping you will publish this, I remain, 
yours truly, A. J. LOVE, St. Louis. Mich. 



Qo9federat(^ l/eterap 



43 



THE STATE 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 

Daily and Sunday, - $8.00 a year 
Semiweckly, - - 2.00 a year 
Scmiwcckly Sta'e and 
Confederate Veteran, 2.25 a year 

CASH WITH ORDER 



Largest daily circulation 
in South Carolina. 

Unexcelled as an adver- 
tising medium. 

Try a classified advertise- 
ment in the want column. 
Onlv one cent a word. 
Minimum charge, 25 cents. 

SEND FOR SAAfPLE CO/'V 

THE STATE COMPANY 

COWMr.IA, S. i\ 



J^ Uhe J* 

S^LvaLaivaLK 
Weekly News 

ISSUED MONDiTS IND THURSDtYS 
SAVANNAH. GA. 

A Good Family Newspaper 

With Agricultural and Literary 

Departments 

All the News of Ssutltern and Eastern Georgia 

SA5IPLE cnPIES FKEE 

CAe Savai\r\a.K Weekly News 

J. H. ESTILL, President 

^AVAMMAH. GA 



Benjamin T. Lanier, of Knox City, 
Tex., inquires if Col. Charles P. Ball, 
of the Eighth Alahama Regiment, is still 
alive. He would like to hear from him 
or any member of his old company, 
which was commanded by Capt. Tults, 
of same regiment. 



EVERYBODY MUST 
HAVE 4 CALENDAR 



A STKIKINC; OXK ISSl"KI> FOR 

FKKK DISTRIBUTION IJY THK 

N., C. & ST. Li. KAIIiWAY. 



Calendars for the year 1905 will soon 
be in urgent demand, as they arc things 
lo wliich everybody refers more or less 
during the course of the year. 

Many of the big railroads and other 
corporations make a practice of giving 
them to their customers. Some are 
works of art, but none are more hand- 
some or better arranged for practical use 
ilian the 1905 Calendars of the Nash- 
ville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway. 

This road has for years made it a 
practice to give all who apply a Calen- 
ilar. The one to be distributed this 
year shows an improvement over all its 
predecessors, as is to be expected with 
the experience that has been had in 
getting them out. It is a wall Calen- 
dar on heavy paper, with tinned top and 
bottom and an eyelet by which to hang 
it. It is about 20x30 inches in size, and 
is printed in several colors. The figures 
are all large, and the Sundays and holi- 
days are in red. Just above each figure 
is a smaller one, showing the number of 
days since the first of the year. This is 
an aid in calculating time. The months 
are arranged down the two sides of the 
Calendar, and in the center are two 
artistic and interesting railroad scenes, 
with the trade-mark of the road between. 
One of the pictures represents the Dixie 
Flyer as seen going at full speed through 
tlie iriounfains out from Chattanooga 
and not many miles away from Lookout 
Mountain, one of the famous sights of 
the South. The other represents the 
capture on this road of the engine 
"General" by the Andrews Raiders, a 
daring incident of the War between the 
States with which all of the older gener- 
ation are familiar. 

The contrast between this famous loco- 
motive and the modern big passenger 
engine is very striking. 

Copies of the Calendar will be mailed 
free on application to W. L. Danley, 
General Passenger Agent of the Nash- 
ville, Chattanooga & and St. Louis Rail- 
way, Nashville, Tenn. 



Mrs. H. M. Pulsifer, 205 Goethe 
Street, Chicago, III., is anxious to learn 
the company and regiment in which her 
uncle, Clark Moore, served. He was at 
the law school at Germantown at the 




Silk Flags 



2x3 inches, mounted on pins, - 5c. each 

4x6 inches, mounted on staff, - lOc. each 

12-18 inches, mounted on staff, - 50c. each 

SENT POSTPAID ON RECEIPT OF PRICE. 

S. X. MEYER, 

1231Pa.Ave. N.W., WASHINGTON. D. C. 
Solid for Confederate pricf list. 



NEW ORLEANS 

Picayune 



X. THE MOST RELIABLE, 
NEWSIEST, and CLEANEST 
PAPER IN THE SOUTH X. 



A ncM!cssilv in every home. Full Associated 
Press rf|>'»rls coveriiij; the 1 cws of the 
woflil. iiiitl special teloeriims from aU sec- 
lif»"s of the South. Special .trticles by dis- 
tiiit'iiishcd :iulIiiiTS. 

l*rice, Ihrt't- inoiillis, $3.00. 

Cwicc=a=UJcek 
Picayune 

puMislKil every Moiulav and Thursday, ten 
I iljes tMch issue, rovrrintj the latest mar- 
ket repi>rls and M l.i.|)orliinl mws i>{ the 
world. 

Oneyenr. Sll.OO. Or v<- will send 
llie Coiinilernle Velermi nlul 
Twiip-a-Wrelt rieayuiir one year 
for »l.:iO. 

Address either New Orleans PtCAiaiNE, 
New Orleans. I-a., or Conkederatk Vet- 
l n,\N, Nashville, Tenn. 



THE 



Charlotte Observer 

PUBLISHED AT CHARLOTTE, N. C. 

North Carolina' s 
Foremost Newspaper 



beginning of the war, but left there and 
went to Fort Sumter, where he entered 
the service of the Confederacy. It is 
not known whether he joined a Ken- 
tucky or South Carolina regiment. Re- 
ply can be sent directly to her. 



44 



Qoi?federat<^ Ueterai?. 



^re you Goin^ 
Easi? 

ir ^O. TAKE. THE 



SEABOARD 

AIR LINE RAILWAY. 



DIRECT ROVTE AND A 
PLEASANT ONE BETWEEN 

South and East. 

Superb TrSLind 

Pullman DrSLwin^-Rooin Sleepers I 

Comfortable Thoroughfare Cars I 

CsLfe Dining Ca^ral 

For information as to ratet, reierrt- 
tioni, descriptive advertising matter, 
call on your nearest ticket agent sr 
address 

WILLIAM B. CLEMENTS, T. P. A. 

Atlanta, Ga. 



CKarlu B. R.yk.n, 

Q. P. A., 

POBTSMOUTH, VA. 



W. E. Chriitiftji, 

A. G. P. A., 
Atlanta, Oa. 



"BIG FOOB" 



The best line to 

INDIANAROUS. 

REORIA. 

CHICAGO, 

• And all points in Indiatut and 
Micnigan. 



CLEVELAND. 
BUFFALO. 
NEW YORK. 
^BOSTON. 

AND ALL. POINTS SAST . 



iBfomation obeerfully («raMbe4 oa *^ 
fUaatloD at Cit; Ticket OAoe " Big Ttmt 
Emu," No. Ut Fourth A'eiia*, ar writs 
H t. i- Satbs, General Agaat Fa 
DarartmeBt, Lociaviixs, Kt. 




California S'o^n?l?v'i: 

•ftnlflbts a;cmplat, an& Sovereign 
(3tan0 XoOfie, 11. ®. O. S., 

meoting wlU be held In San Francisco in 
Seulember. Very low rates via WABAbU 
anS its connections. The WABASH is the 
only line i-uuning to the Main Entrance of 
the WorM'8 Fair Grounds. Holders of Wa- 
bash ticket can have their baggage checked 
to and from Ihe Mapniflcent >.ew Wabash 
Passenger Station, directly at t le Main En- 
trance. Ten days' stop-overs allowed at St. 
Louis on one-way or round-inp tickets, go- 
ing or returning. ^^^^_^^_^__ 



Call on or write for partlcttlars 

P. W. GREENE, D. P. A., Wa- 
b ash R. R.. Room 303 'Urban 
Building, l/ouisville, Ky. 



Great 
Is 
Texas! 

The Eyes of 
the World Are 
Upon Her. 

The Home Seeker 

Wants to knov^ about her 
" Matchless " Climate and her 
Cheap Lands. 

The Investor 

Wants to know not only about 
her Cheap Land and Low 
Taxes, but, as well. Her 
Wealth of Mine and Forest, 
and this is to let you know that 
The International & 
Great Northern, 
Texas' Ot-eatest Railfoad, 
Traverses more than a thousand 
miles of the Cream of Texas' Re- 
sources, latent and developed, and 
that jou may learn more about the 
GREAT L & G. N. COUNTRY 
by sending a 2-cent stamp for a 
copy of the ILLUSTRATOR 
AND GENERAL NARRATOR, 
or 25 cents for a year's file of same, 
or by writing 

D. J. PRICE, 

a. P. iSt T. A.., I. <Sfc G. IN. R. R., 

Palestine, Tex. 



How to Get There 

QUICK 

The Short Line, Viat Bristol 

TO THE EAST 

Throvigh Train 
No CKa.nge 



Leave NEW ORLEANS, Q. & C 7 

MEMPHIS. Southern By 11 

CHATTANOOGA, South'nRy. 9 
KNOXVILLE, Southern Ry 1 



Ar 



BRISTOL, N. & W. Ry.. 7 

6 LYNCHBURG, N, & W. Ry..... 1 
WASHINGTON, D. CSo.Ry, 6 



BALTIMORE, Md., P. R. R 8 

PHILADELPHIA, P. R. R 10 

NEW YORK, P. R. R 12 

BOSTON, N. Y., N. H., & H 8 



:30 p.m. 
:00 p.m. 
:5.5 a.m. 
20 p.m. 
00 p.m. 
45 a.m. 
:!>2 a.m. 
00 a.m. 
1.5 a.m. 
:48 p.m. 
;20 p.m. 



Through Sleeper New Orleans to 

New York 
Through Sleeper Memphis to 

New York 



The finest Dining Car Service. 



Reliable inlonnation cherfuUy furnished by- 
Norfolk and We-tern Railway, 109 W. Ninth 
St. (Read House Block), Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Warren L. Rohr. Western Passenger Agent, 
Chattanooga. Tenn. 

W. B. Bevill, Ueneral Passenger Agent, Roa^ 
noke, Va. 



NOR.TH TEXAS 
^ POINTS ^ 



;VIA: 



Santa Fe 

^ w 



= TO 



Ga.lvestoi\, and Points 
South, East, and 
West. 4^ ^ Equip- 
meivt, Service, and Cui- 
sine uns\irpa.ssed. ^ 



W. S. KEENAN, G. P. A.. 
Galveston, Tex. 



C^opfederate l/eterai). 



45 



DRAUCHON'S 



BIG 
20 
BIG- 
GEST 



PRACTICAL. BUS. 
J. V. iJRAl'iiHllN, PKKS 
NIGHT and DAYscliool. CalaloguL- I r,-,-. 
WACO. TEX. „--, 

ST. LO UIS, MO. DEO I 

KALEIGH, N, C. n.T.i np 

GALVKSTOX.TE.X. CAI LOG 

NASHVILLE, TENX. ynio 
KNOXVILLE. TENN. ItLLO 
SAV ANTONIO, TEX. nrOT 
MONTGOMERY. AL.\. Htdl 
LITTLE It O C K. A K K. 
OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA. 
PADIICAII, KY. «,ATL.\NTA,nA. 
FT.WOUTH. lE.X.Sl'ENISON, TEX. 
FT. SCOrr, K.VNS. 'kT. smith. ARK. 
COHIMBIA, S. C.X MUSKOGEE. I. T. 
SHREVEl'ORT, L.\. * K.\NS.\S CITY, MO. 

S $ 16 B:i"l;crs nn Bii:lril nirectors. S S 

Incorporiikd, $300,000.00. Esl:ililislieil ISyt-irs. 
A TOWER TO SUCCESS. 
A MONUMENT TO MERIT. 
A PYRAMID TO PROGRESS. 
AN OBELISK OF POPULARITY. 
ON SUBSTANTIAL FOUNDATION. 
INSTRITCTION— In thornuehm-ss we are to 
htisiiicss ciillpircs whiil Hiirvanl is to ac.-nlfmles. 
UnUC CTIinV We tcacll hy mail succcssfullv or 

numcoiuui refund iiio,„v. wviipus. 

POSITIONS secured or money REFUNDED. 



HOLIDAY SHOPPING 
BY MAIL 

MRS. GERTRUDE F. HESS 

Purchasing Agent 

Hotel St. James 
lOQ W. 45th St.. NEW YORK 

Shonpinp of all (Icsrriptiona exi*cnt<'<l 
Free of Charae for jtatnnis in and <>ut of 
Nmv YorkCity. Ciiix'fnl iittrntion t^ivrn 
to tho S(*lf>i'ticpn )tf Wi'ddintr 'ri""ns,--f')u)X, 
Ladii'!^* Ev^'nin^; Ociwns. and Strt^ct tNw- 
tnnios. EstiniaU\srlnM?rfnUv fiirnislu"*!. 
Circular and references on application. 



School Girls and Boys 

Earn a WATCH, SIUXET RING, or FOLTI- 
TAIN PEN by selling (•x)pies of " Songs of the 
Confederacy and Plantation Melodies" at 60 
cents each. Order at once. 

Mrs. Albert Klitchell, Paris, Ky. 




CURED 
Gives 
Quick 
Relief. 



Dropsy 

Removes all swelling in 8to30 
d.iys ; effects a permanent curt 
in .-(oto 6odavs. Tri.il treatment 
civen free. Nothiogcan be fairer 

Write Dr. H. H. Green's Sons, 
Specialists. Box G, Atlanta. Ga 



FLAVELL'S ABDOMINAL SUPPORTER. 



Give exact circumferenoe 
of abdomen at K. L, M. 




Silk Elastic . 
Thread Elaatic 



$5 00 

3 SO 



Ooodi tent bT niftll upon rroclpt rf 
prli"«. Sfcfp dellTprr c ii riratn««l. 

Band for p»itiphi*t of Elisllc Stockingi, TrusjBB. Etc. 
I. W. Flivill&Bro.. 1005 Spring Oardin St.. Phlladtlphla Pi. 



^mmsmism 



m 



i^^ 



% 



l^{ 



"Referee" 

Shells 

Are loaded with the famou.s Seinl-5fnokeles8 
Powder, combining the best qualities of both black 
and smokeless loads at a price within the reach of 
all. The "League" is the best black powder 
shell in the world. 

Peters Smokeless Shells won the Amateur 
Championship of the U. 5. in 1903. 

Peters Cartridges are loaded with Semi-Smokeless 
They have won the Indoor Rifle Championship 
" S. for seven successive years. 

Sold Everx^vhere. 
THE PETERS CARTRIDQE CO. 
n Chanben St. 



Powder 

of the V 



New Ysrk 



( T. M. keller, M(r. 



CINCINNATI, O. 



i*y 



!hi 






9-FOOT COTTON STALKS IM VIRGINIA 

Amontj the many slronjj c-viJenccs of the preat \.t1uc of "Corcalilc," \vc cut the followinp from the 
firti^At'r, the local paper of Fr.inkHn, V.t. The only other fvrlilizcr used under the cotton was Home 
Fertilizer. 

from tfii' Fratikliti ( I*n.) Graphic: "Mr. Albert Sidney Johnson is not imlv a pood peanut huyer hut 
an expert farmer. This latter fart is fully deinonstrati-a hy an exhibition of his coiion crop nt the 
Graphic office this week. There are two stalks, one 9 feet hi^h >vith (Xi hnlls, the other 5 feet, 10 inches, 
with i.'> hnlls, inaiu' ailditio al blooms on eacli stalk. Who can beat this? The fertilizer u^ed was 
'CerenlilP Top Dressinp,* one batj ( i''7 pounds) to the arre." Wrilr for circulars, b'or sale by 

Ilniiio KortiHzrr fMirrnirnl \V<»rks, 9;?'2 N. i'Hivort St., rialHtiiore, Md. 



IVAhSVILLMroHAUTeRR-l THE WEST POINT ROUTE 




THROUGH SERVICE 

VIA 

L. & N.. E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 



2Voslibuled Through Fralns Daily r^ 
NASHVILLE TO CHICAGO ^ 
THROUGH SLEEPERS »nd DAY COAChES 
NEW ORLEANS TO CHICAGO 

DINING CARS SERVING ALL MEALS EN ROUTE 

D. H. HILLMAN. 0. P A.. S. L ROOERS. Qep. Ap. 



Atlanta and West Point Railroad, 
The Western Railway of AlabaC^. 

Transcontinental Lines 
Fast Mail Route 

Operating the fastest scheduled train 
in the South. To 

TEy^S. MEXICO, CALIFORNIA 

and all Southwestern points. 

Superb dining cars; through Pullman 
and tourist sleeping cars. For special 
rates, schedules, and all information, ad- 
dress 

J. B. Heyward, D. P. A., 
Atlanta, Ga. 



46 



Qoi^federat^ l/eterap. 



LETTER 
PAPER 

n n n n 



CONFEDERATE 

S) VETE'RA/fS 
VAVGHTEHS 



NEW REDUCED PRICES 

WHILE THE STOCK LASTS 

$2.50 gets 250 sheets in 3 tablets 
$4.25 gets 600 sheets in 5 tablets 



• '-.t. 



These prices inolude the printing of the name of the Camp, Cteipter," 
etc., the names of the officers, and post office addresses. 
Stock ruled or unruled. 



Brandon Printing Co., 

J^ASHVILLE. TEJVJV. 



Manufacturing Stationers, 

Engravers, Printers, Lithographiers, 

General Office Outfitters. 




This book is more tlian a charming 
biography of a distinguished man; it 
is a graphic and failhtul story of tlie 
Mexican var, the war between tlio 



States, and tlie rccoii-.trurtion period, as well as a powerful vindication of 
the South by one wlio was born, reared and educated at the Norih, but 
whose convictions and sentiments early led him to cast his fortunes with 
the Confederacy, and is, therefore, of especial historical value and interest 
to the people of the South. The book has been highly praised by many 
distinguished men, and extracts from many reviews of the work will be 
sent on request. 

"Two Wars" is issued in one royal octavo volume, bound in English 
cloth, with endjossed side and back, contains line portraits of the author 
and many leading characters in the war between the Stales, together 
with engravings of battle scenes, points of interest, etc., of that great strug- 
gle. It contains over 400 pages. Price, $2. 

Special Offer: For $2.50 a copy of "Two Wars" and The Confeder- 
ate Veteran for one year will be sent to any address. Old subscribers to 
the Vetepan may also renew on this basis. 

Agents Wanted for both the book and the Veteran, to whom liberal 
commissions will be paid. 



TWO WARS; 

An Autobiography of Samuel G. French, 

Cndualccl Wcsl Pclnl in lS4i, Licutcnaal ol Lishi Ar^ 

tiltery in the United Slates Army, in the 

Mexican Wart and Alaior General ia 

the Confederate Army, 

From diaries and notes, careful- 
ly kept during many years of ac- 
tive military service, and during 
the days of rcconstructioii. Pub- 
lished by the 

Confederate Veteran, 

Nashville, Tenn. 






THE BEST PLACB 
TO PURCHASB 
ALL-WOOL 

Bunti ng or 
Silk Flags 

of All Kinds, 

Silk Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps, 

and all kinds of M litarv Kquipment 
and Society Goods is at 

Veteran J. A. JOEL & CO., 

88 Nassau Street, New York City. 

SEND FOR PRICE LIST. 





JACKSONV/L 

Ti» Valdosta Route, from Vnldosta via Gea^;im 

Soathem ..nd Florida Kv., from Alaccn 

via Central of Georgia Ry., from 

ATLANTA 

via Western and Atlantic R. R., from 

CHATTANOOGA 



NASHVILLE 

uhvllle^ Chattanoog^a, and St. L 
arrivinjdT at 

ST. LOU/S 



Vlft the I<4&shvUIef Chattanoog^a, and St. Loula Ry., 

arrivinjdT at 



CHICAGO 

over the Illinois Ct^ntra? R. R. from Martin, Tenn. 



DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE AND 
THROUGH SLEEPING CARS 



MAINTAINED OVER THIS 



SCENIC LINE. 



Ticket ae"ents of the Jacksonville St Louis and 
Chlcaero line, and a^^ents of connecting- lines in 
Florida and the Southeast, vil; eive vou full in- 
formation a* to schedules ot ini.- double dal'y serv- 
ice to St Louis. Chicago, and the Xorthwest, and 
ol train time of lines connecting. I'hey wlU also 
sell you tickets and advibe you as to rates. 



F. D. MHJLEK, ■ Ati^nta, Ga., 

Traveling Passenger Agfent L C. R, R. 

F.R. WHEELER, - Nashville, Tenn. 

Commercial Agent. 



Don't Poxir Oil °U Fire 

It's Just 3ls Foolish 

to attumpt to quench the firc-s of iliseaso. to check its on- 
ward Kpread. by u.<iiit; a stim.ilaijt. a mcukiuc. ])repar:ilic.ii, 
tonic, or treatment that tlcpcnus h)r iis eiicrts U]>t>n an ar- 
tiiic-ial stimulant, either from alcoliol or other drups, a.-* it 
is foolith and loolliardy to pour co.l oil n;i0.i a Cicloiiuinih 
tlie Ibiiics. lou nouldn't lie so roolish— jron woo d [lity a pir- 
R'li who would— yet that is .in.st nhat jou ami thmisamls of • 
othensarcdomR every day that you pour into vour stom- 
aclus. that you i>ut into your system, the drut,-s. tonics. tal>- 
li't-s. powders, and coiniK)und.s. m;i(l.' t« sc.l.and to.sellonly. 
Ill ■) o If serve lo Iced the lins. not to qiieiirli liiriu. 

Vit;p-Oro, Xature'a own rcniodj, offered on thirty days' 
trial to every reader of tl)is pa;>er. is not a runipdHad. not a 
d i;;:, not a stininlan.! It is umnufactured in a laboratory 
man neither controls nor directs— Nalnrc's I. ■Iinratorj— mi- 
d r the supervision of the Mastorflieinlst— Xature. Itwas 
and is intended by her for the stom.nchs of men. to ciiri' all 
the i;is of nuinkln I, It does not depend for its power upon 
a stimulatinsinpredientr-doesnot build up temixirarily, and then, when its ef- 
fects r-re woru out and off. leave the .s\stcm wnrsp o.7,'niorc allre, than bt-fore. 
It builds uii a 1 T. nia;ii r.l r:!ro by first layinji a prrr.:«ni-:it foundaunn. and then add- 
ing to it, buil.ing toit. s! one after stone, l.-.yer ujion layer, until the structure 
is complete, at:il tie bouv is delivered over to the owner's poss -ssiun— Hi 1:1, 
soiinil. and heart) in every mu5cle, vein, aud tilx'r. It's the way all permanent structures are built: it's 
th ■ only r cht n.ni. Prouur. il by the s:inc ImiiKitaMc. iinrliaDKi aide, natur.-.! I:i\v that proluccd the hi.ninn 
or?a::lsm 11 ,eir it supjilics to that organism thn o elements winch in poor hc^Kli are IpchiriE. eiements 
that must bo placed and retained i 1 the s , stem if ]jcriuanent goixl health is to be en.joyed, and Tita'-Oro 
and "Vit^e-Oro only can put and r taiu thorn th-:re. 
If you are si. kandaU nir. it you are all run down, if your organs, vour blood, vour stomach, your heart 
your kidneys are not worhini; ri .ht, if job are sick and do not know whit is lie r.ia.,er with yon. if the doctors can- 
II' I and do not t 11 you. canimt a;:daonot holpyou, jon ought to give litis won<Krful.n.itural mineral romrily a li lal 
and thec>.ance it needs t ) prove all this to you. It won't cost you a penny I I he nn-rrs take all the rl k! What 
d' >i-tor, w]:r-t hospital, what sanitarium lias ever offered to treat you in tliis w.-ivi- AVhak other riedieine has ever 
lieeusoofTo-edl' Von are (o be both J.iilee and jury, to passnpon II. You have the enti.o say-so. If it heliis you, you 
))ay for it — if it does not help you, you do not pny f tr it. Cue package, rnonir'i for a montli'r. trial, is all that is'riec- 
essary to convince you. TTow can ynn refuse.- If you need it and do not send for it. what is j o;ir cxrasrl You 
ai.' tobo the.indge! RF.Vll OFU sl'Kl I \l, OITI It: 




SEJ^T OJ^ 30 2)A>^3' T'RIA.L 

:By MAIL. TOSTTAIiy. 
RE71D THIS SPEGITIL OFFER: 

WEWILL SEND toovoiy sii-k antl inliiii; perw>u wiio wriU's us nu-iitittnine tln^ 
CoNKCDERATK ViiTEaAN, a fiiU-sixud Oiio Itoll.ir pa'-l:af;ro of Vit»-UiO by iii;iil. post- 
Ii;ihI. suliirii'ut f'T 0:10 monlirs treatment, to l.»o i>aid for withiu ono m'nnlirs tinn- 
after receipt, if tborci'oivcr ran truthluUv say th:it i'suso has done him or In -r more 
good than all the druf^sand don.^s of quacks oi* j^ood doctf)rs or ]>alent m-'licines he 
i»r sho has over Used. Ui-nil tliiRover again carefully, and understand that we ask 
our jiay only w\\f\ it has ilone you jfooil, a:id n it bol'ore. We take all the risk; vou 
luve nothing to loso. If it dot^s not l>enefit you. you pay us nothing. VltwKJre is a 
natm-jil, hard, adamantine, r(n-Ulike snbstanei.*— mineral— (ire — mined Irom the 
^ii'cuiid liko ^old and silver, and requires about twenty years for oxidization. It 
e< 'Utaius fri»e iron, free sulphur, and ina::nesiuui. and one" pack lire will equal in me- 
dicinal strenjjth aud curative va'ue SiHlj3;nllons of tlio most powerful. eCicacions min- 
eral water drunk frcshat tbL^sjirin-rs. It isai^eokv^ical disc4>very- to whir-h nothiuff 
is addi'd and from which nothmt; is taken. It is the marvel of the century for cur- 
iuir such di-ease-s as IthoiimntiMiu Itrighfs Plspase. IMond I'ldsoninfr, lltavt TroulMe. 
D.- ipsy, Catar;li an;! Throat Affect hms, I. Ivor, Ki.lnrjr. ami Blndilrr AihmntM, Stomach 
anl Krmalo Disordor'i, l.n Grl:>:>e« T-Ialarial Fevrr, \crvoa.s Prostration, and (■ iicral De- 
li ''It r, as thousands t^'stify, and as no one. answerinirthis. writing* for ajnickaiTO. will 
d '!iy a' t 'r using. Vit '.'-((re has <-ured more clirouic. obstinate, jirononnoed incura- 
blo cns.-s th:in any other known medi ine, and will reach such cases with a more 
rai>id a;id jiowertul curative a<'t ion than any medicine, combination of metUcines, 
or ih let- jr's prescript ions which it is ix^s -ible to procure. 

\i;:M>rc widdo thesam^foryoti asithaad ne for hundreds of readei-s of the Cox- 
FKDERATK Vereuan. If you wiU givo it a triril. Sen! fur a $1 packafro at our rUk. 
You have notliing to lose but the stamp to answer this announcement. >Ve want no 
o ic'siiio ley w'l >m Vit:v-(>re cannot henttll. Von are to l»e the Judnrrl Can anything be 
more fair? What sensible person, no matter bow prejudiced he or she may bo, who 
d Mires aoure, and is wiUin'r to i)ay for it. would htvitato to try Vitip-t)r*e on this 
liberal oCi .n*:-' One packarrc is usually sufficient to cure ordinary cases; two or three 
for chronic, ohstiuate eas:?s. '*Vo ni:-a:i just what ue sny in this announcement, a^id 
will do just wliat \vo:i'T/ee. Write to-day for aimcka-ro at our ri^k and expanse, giv- 
\'vr yourn-re on 1 ailments, and mont'ou the Confederate Vetkras.so we may know 
that you are entitled to this l.beral offer. 




CURED OF RHEUMATISM 

AT THE TIGE OF SO, 

About two year* lico I hnrt an ntlarl; of r1ir-iininti!>m in my 

abonM r. wliich oausod me coTiKi.lorabic pain in my nock, 
and my ftr'us wore b.^^]ly swollen even to \hf ends of my 
niiKMs. Tlie pain passed to my ot^icr sbonMer. and I sur- 
fcicd 90 terribly I could hardly turn 
over In my bed, and I cnnM not put 
on my clotbrs witbout gv h% rtiC.letil- 
ty. 1 was tron!.l'-d in t'^i^t v.ay f"r 
some tii.ie until T «aw tlio Virie-Ore 
advertisement. "Vou Are to Be tbe 
.lu'lc*'." It a;:raeted my attention, 
and 1 rea«l it.H!Hl read the i--. timnui- 
nts of peMpJo «ho had n-^nl ^'itlp-<>rf■ . 
and I ear.ie to the conclu;.i"n tbnt it 
ex;iotly snlted my ease, anil decided 
to try Q paekare. Before I bad u^rd 
tbe entire package I folt much Im- 
proved, and as I wanted to make n 
perfef t enre entirely sure I srnt for 
and used anot!ir-r paekn:;e. Vitrr-Ore 
cure me. f .r wliirb 1 aui very thank- 
,_ , . . lul- I witi do all I can to make it 
known and advertise it. This nbotorranb was taken on my 
ciiihtieth anniversary. O. F. IircLL. Menominee, Micb. 

eURED OP lATDIGESTiaJV, 
BAQKneHE, and HEART FLUTTERiNC, 

I have recfived a preat and lasting bf-nefli, from n«ini: Vi- 
tiv< >,-... v.-f .yo I had taken it f-r a full riontli it bar} rlone 
me niore C0...I than HnvtiiiniK else 1 
bn'l \\sr(\ cliiring mv long <;ptll of 
RieknesB. and J had nso.l otbertrent- 
ments for a long: time. It bns re- 
lievnd me of rlieUKLitism. clironic 
<li rest ion, baekache, and bf-r.rt 
itiUtcrhifT. Nothine I eat now (ii;a- 
'f!! uifb me. and my wrir^bt has 
■irasrti considerahlv. V/hen I be- 
I nsinc Vit.T-Ore I w.t^ miu-h 
acintcd and weicbeil only n'lout 
110 or ll."> pounds, and I now weicb 
nlioul i:.0. I f (1 as tboiifrb I was a 
livinc advertisement of tbe power 
of this remedy. Many of mv friends 
have used Vitn'-Ore. and they all 
_ join me iniir.-'i'-.iniE it. 
.MRS. bCLA (i. \yALTCRS. LatJrance. N. C. 




NOT A PENNY UNLESS YOU ARE BENEFITED. Thisoffcr win cballcn^-e the attention and consideration, and 

— ; — , : — — , . , . , . , altcrwards the ^rrati.u.le. ol every living i-orson who dcsiivs 

b'.t -r heaU'i.orwii 1 suUcr i pains, ilU, an I di ;eas.-s wliich ha vo defied the medical worl land prown wors^ with a-^o. We care not for your 
skepticism, Imt ask only your investigati<ui. and at our expense, regardless of what ills yon have bv sendin" to u-^ for a packa-^o 



THEO. NOEL CO., 



Veteran Dept., 
VilaLe-Ore Building, 



CHICAGO. 



FORTUNES IN MINING 

Greater Fortunes Will Be Accumulated Within the Next Ten Years 

through mining enterprises than have ever been made in the great past that has gone down to history. There are to-day 
idle "prospects'' almost ignored that are destined to develop into larger producers of wealth than any o( our now famous proper- 
ties New sections of the country are being opened up, still newer machmery is being mtroduced, new markets and neiy uses 
for our metals are being discovered and encouraged. It is a vast system of progression, yet one m which the supply is not 
keeping pace with the demand; and to the man who will take the trouble to look before he leaps, unprecedented opportunities 
are even now waiting to he utilized as a medium for producing enormous profits with small capital.— C «r;r«/ /«t'«/;«(«C.r. 




c;;iv>r P1,imp ripar Creek Coimtv Cnlo is one of ta ""^ ' minins; towns in the United States-the first place gold was mined in Clear 



H-tev'^ns Cany*^)!!. Millions of dollars' 



rtli of gold and silver ores ^Z::^ 



nt^Tiytm towara rne snow-capueu iiiuuuLa,iii, hhu lw.^ mivr^o .^v.u 
^ iT metals have gone down tins canyon yearly for forty years. 



MINING TO THE FORE 

ton:^[i!?^n!r^^'lndX^!a^=!rSpi^^^^ 

^S^lT^Sf^!^^:^^tt^^^^^^ ofXe" iJisl'jIsiTf i^'liXr" Yn ^rly "ev^rrS^n'^rcin^rii'^- at^^^nt^fo^^ is now paid L 

crum-,' are assuming mammoth proportions.~II csffU 3/mi)l(;Hcr(l(d. ^ .^ f„ii i„f„,^o(-ir,n 

tion of gold and silver in the United States, and will be mailed free upon request. Write to-day . AddrebS ail remittances 
tions to 

W. H. CRAWFORD, VICE PRES. AND GEN. MGR. 
Southern Mining, Milling & Development Company 

218 UNION STREET, HOMESTEAD BUILDING, NASHVILLE, TENN. 



Official Date for Louisville Reunion, June 14, 15, 16. 



Vol. 13 



NASHVILLE, TBNN., FEBRUARY, 1905 



No. a 



Qopfcderate l/eterap 




In an address delivered before the Southern Historical Society at Atlanta, Ga., February i8, 1S74, Senator 
lien II. Mill, of (Jeoriii.i. iiaid (he fo11o\viii<; most worthv tribute to General Lee: 

When ihc future historian comes to survey the character of Lee, he will find it rising like a huge mountain above the 
undulating plain of humanity, and he must lift his eyes high toward heaven to catch its simimit. He possessed every vir' 
tuc of other great commanders without their vices. He was a foe without hate, a friend without treachery, a soldier with' 
out cruelty, a victor without oppression, and a victim without murmuring. He was a public officer without vices, a 
private citizen without wrong, a neighbor without reproach, a Christian without hypocrisy, and a man without guile. 
He was Caesar without his ambition, Frederick without his tyranny, Napoleon without his selfishness, and Washington 
without his reward. He was obedient to authority as a servant, and royal in authority as a true king. He was gentle as a 
woman in lite, modest and pure as a virgin in thought, watchful as a Roman vestal in duty, submissive to the law as 
Socrates, and grand in battle as Achilles I 



50 



Qopfederati^ l/eterap. 



§\WM 



I -j'if,^^j? 



o 



■mm 



3t 



le-'i^s^i 



WS^ 



'i5!. 



"Referee" ^^ 
Shells 

Are loaded -with the famous Senil-5mokeless 
Powder, combining the best qualities of both black 
and smokeless loads at a price within the reach of 
all. The "League" is the best black powder 
shell in the world. 

Peters Smokeless Shells won the Amateur 
Championship of the U. S. in 1903. 

Peters Cartridges are loaded with Serai-Smokeless 
Powder. They have won the Indoor Rifle Championship 
of the U- S. for seven successive years. 

Sold £verywrHex*e. 
THE r^sTERS CARTRIDQE CO. 

New Yorkj^* ^.Tm", Mgr. CINCINNATI. O, 



-'•^feri^^v:^ 



W'?-^' 



a. 



Kalola 

(Crystallized Mineral Water) 

Nature's Perfect, 
Harmless Remedy 

Cures by removing cause of disease. Hun- 
dreds of voluntary testimonials by home peo- 
ple. 

Restores the weak and feeble to pcfect 
health and vigor by giving strength and ap- 
petite. 

"Take Kalola six days and eat anything 
you want." 

Unequaled as a morning laxati\e. Rec- 
ommended by physicians and all wlio try it. 

For sale by all druggists, 
50c. and $i.OO. 

Sent direct by mail ot receipt of price. 
Stamps accepted. 

KALOLA CO., 21-23 Bay St. W., Savannah. Ga. 




EVERY OLD MAM READ THIS 

Mr. Editor: You ought to tell your gray- 
headed readers that there is a business that 
they can easily engage in, which pays big 
*^ts, and wh:?re their age inspires confidence 
asL . jd of being a disadvantage. I am 48 years 
old, and a year ago finished a course of instruc- 
tior, by miiil, with tho Jacksonian Ojitical Col- 
lege. 905 College Street. .Jackson. Mich. It took 
me about tv.-o months, working evenings and 
spai-e time, U^ complete the course and get my 
diploma. Since then, by pleasant outdoor 
work, which takes mo into the open air, I make 
from S3 to SIO a day fitting glasses. 1 have vis- 
ited the College since I graduated, and found 
the gentlemen composing it to stand very high 
in the social and business circles of Jackson. 
Mich. Hoping YOU will publish this. I remain- 
yours truly, A. J. LOVE, St. Louis. Mich. 



A clean record of satisfied customers and 
46 years of honest deabng, true quality, style, 
finish and weight. A record any manufact- 
urer might feclproud of. 

Our plain gold rings are sold for as low as 
it is possible to sell reliable plumb quality 
rings. 

No charge for Engraving Initials, Mottosor 
names. Write for our illustrated catalogue 
of Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, etc. 
C. p. BARNES A, CO. 
504-506 W. Market St. LOUISVILLF, KY. 



C. BREVeR'S 
Russian and Turkish Baths 

and First-Class Barber Shop 

FOR GENTLEMEN ONLY. 

317 Church Street, NASHVILLE, TENN. 

Open Day and Night. W. C. RacsliM, Prop. 



A I AnV a Daughter of the 
LhUI (•onf-ilerac-y or a 
vet«ran in every locality, 
liaTini; an infiuential ac- 
quaintance iininn^' Cnnfpilerato Veterans tor 
special employment durim; sjiare time. Uoo 1 
pay. Address The States Publishing Co., 
Louisville, Ky. 




SIGNET 
RINGS 



Unique patterns in Solid 

I Gold, Polished or Roman 

finish. Fine die work. All sizes to order. 

SIvIp E, LIlT of Vnlley, Solid tJold, pnfh, - • - St.uO 

Sl*Ie F, True Lovtrs knot, Solid tJold, eoch, - 3.75 

Sljle «, Pansy lllossom. Solid tJold, each, - - - t.OO 

I'rlre Postpaid, Inclndluff 'i or 3 Ipttor Slonogiam. 

WHITE FOIl lAlttiE I IlEE IAT.\I.()(:1 E No. 0. 

Catalog shows lines of all kinds from plain 

band to the richest Diamond Sellings, also 

Watches, Jewelry, Diamonds, Sterling bilver- 

ware and Novelties. 

WM. KENDRICK'S SONS, 
1 329 Fourth Avenue, LOUISVILLE, KY. 



How to Get Thero 

QUICK 

The short Line, Via. Bristol 

TO THE EAST 

Throvigh Train 
No CKa-rvge 



Leave NEW ORLEANS, Q. & C 7:30 p.m. 

■• MEMPHIS. Southern Ry 11 :00 p.m 

■' CHATTAXdiiGA, South'nRy. 9:55 a.m 

" KNOXVILLE, Southern Ry l:20p.m 

" BRISTOL, N. A; W. Ry 7:U0 p.m 

AriveLYNUHBURG, N. & W. Ry..... 1:45 a.m. 
•■ WASHIXfiTON, D. CSo.Ey. 6:52 a.m 

•■ BALTIMi IRE. Md , P. R. R 8:(X) a.m 

• PHILADELPHIA, P. R. R 10:15 a.m 

• NEW YORK, P. R. R 12:43 p.m 

■' BOSTON, N. Y., N. H., & H 8:20 p.m 



ThroMgh Sleeper New Orleans to 

Ne\v York 
Through Sleeper Memphis to 

New York 



The linest l)inii)<T Car Service. 



Reliable information ch erfnlly furnished by 
Norfolk and We tern Railway, lOil W. Ninth 
St. (Bead House Blockl, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Warren L. Rohh, Western Pa&senger Agent, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

W. B. Bevill, (ieneral Passenger Agent, Roa- 
noke, Va. 

School Girls and Boys 

Earn a WATCH, SIGNET RING, or FOCJN- 
TAIN PEN by .selling 6 copies of " Songs of the 
Confederacy and Plantation Melodies" at 50 
cents each. Order at once. 

Mrs. Albeil Mitchell, Paris, Ky. 



B 



Qopfederate l/eteraij. 



51 



THE WEST POINT ROUTE 

Atlanta and West Point Railroad, 
The Western Railway of Alabair.». 

Transcontinent?! Lines 
Fast Mail Route 



Operating the fastest scheduled trail 
in the South. To 

TEXAS. MEXICO, CALIFORNIA 

and all Southwestern points. 

Superb dining cars; through Pullmai 
and tourist sleeping cars. For specla' 
rates, schedules, and all information, ad 



dress 



J. B. Heyward, D. P. A., 
Atlanta, 6a. 




THE BEST PLACB 
TO PURCHASE 
ALL-WOOL 

Bunti ng or 
Silk Flags 

of All Kinds, 

Silk Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps 

and all kinds of M.litar\' Kquipment 
and Society Goods is at 

Veteran J. A. JOEL 4 CO., 

88 Nassau Street, New York Cltt 

SEND FOR PRICE LIST. 





CURED 
Gives 
Quick 
Relief. 



Dropsy 

Removes all swelling in 8 to K 
days ; effects a permanent cur« 
iTi'wto 6odavs. Trial treatmeni 
given free. Nothingcan be faiiet 

Write Dp. H. H. Green's Sons, 
Specialists. Box G, Allanta. On 



Great 
Is 
Texas! 

Tlie Eyes of 
tlie World Are 
Upon Her. 

The Home Seel<er 

Wants to know about her 
"Matchless" Climate and her 
Choa]i Lands. 

The Investor 

Wants to know not only abojt 
her Cheap Land and Low 
Taxes, but, as well, Ifer 
Wealth of Mine and Forest, 
and thit is to let you know that 

The International & 

Great Northern, 

Tex««s' Cii-i^atesit l^nllrond. 

Traverses more than a thousand 
miles of the Cream of Texas' Rr 
sources, l.itent and developed, and 
that you m.iy learn more about the 
GREAT I. \- G. X. COt'XTRY 
by sending a J-cent stamp for a 
copy of the ILLUSTRATOR 
AND GENERAL N.\RRATOR. 
or 25 cents for a year's file of same, 
t)r by writint:: 

D. J. PRICK, 

O. F». «r T. A.., I. rffc a. IN. R. R., 

F*tilestine, Tex. 



FLORIDA 
eUBA 



Think of the l«lniy sun-hine, ot the 
fragrani'e of orange blossoms, of the 
goliieu fruits I if Florida: then reeall the 
snow, the sleet, the biting and continued 
cold of last winter, 

Splendid train service, with every con- 
venience for the comfort and safety of 
the traveler, has Ijeen provided via tlie 

TlTLANTie 
eOAST LINE 

"the threat thoroughfare to the tropi)\s. ' 
ccintrolling l,4(ill miles of standard rail- 
way in the State of Florida. 

Winter tourist tickets now on sale via 
this line .-arry the following in'ivileges 
witlinnt additional cost : 

Stopping ofl, up to 30 days en route 
to or returning from Jacksonville. 

Many variable routes south of Jack- 
sonville. 

Stop-over privileges in the Slate of 
Florida at any point within life of 
ticket. 

For illustrated Iwoklets on Florida, 
Oiiba or What t<i Sav in Spanish, and 
How to Say It." or other information, 
address 

C. L. SPRAGUE, T. P. A., 

HYi Vnion Trnst Building. 
CINCIXXATI. OHIO; 

W. T. CRAIG, G. P. A., 

WILMIXQTOX, X. c. 



NORTH TEXAS 
^ POINTS ^ 



VIA 



Santa Fe 

% w 



TO 



GeLlveston, and Points 
South, E&st, and 
West. ^ ^ Equip- 
nveivt, Service, and Cui- 
sine unsurpaLSsed. «<9^ 



W. S. KEENAN, G. P. A., 
Galveston, Tex. 



52 



Qoi)federat^ Ueterap, 



/VAj Vv Ol\L,bj\.l\ iS ine Great City of the Great South. The Largest 

* ■•i'iv..-'*^* ** . -^ Cotton, Rice, and Sugar Market in the World. 







[tcciuc ( rc I [ V t ■ ■ 



fe^s 









if 




ji^i^ 



THE MOST POPULAR 

WINTER. RESORT 

IN AMERICA 

Continuous Horse-Ricing 

Golf Links 

Hunting .-\nd Fishing 

COMFORT • HEALTH 
PLEASURE 



NEW ST. CHARLES HOTEL 

Modern. Fireproof. First-Class. Accommndntins Our" Thousand Guests. Turkish, Russian, 
Roman, and Plain Batlis. Luxurious Sun Batlis and Piilm 'iMrd-ti. 

ANDREW R. B-AKELY A CO . Llfri-ed, ProoHetors. 



BUFORD COLLEGE 

NASHVILLE, TENN. 

FOR YOUNG WOMEN. LIMITED AND SELECT. 

The Distinctively University Preparatory College o( 
the South for Women. Patrons will seek in vain a more 
ideal location than "Beaufort." Peacefully she rests 
amid the "strength and beauty" of hill and vale and 
mighty forest scene, yot in close touch with the Ereat ed- 
ucational center of the South. A charming campus of z; 
acres, pure air, water, and food, combined with outdoor 
athletics, a splendidly equipped building, perfect sani- 
tation, and constant personal care promote the excellent 
health of the student body. The limited enrollment. 
Christian atmosphere, comprehensive curriculum. lead- 
ing 10 degrees and preparing for all universities, with 
Conservatory advantages in Art, Music, and Expression, 
must commend this thorough college to all thoughtful 
parents. The cultured faculty of university graduates, 
strengthened by the scholarly lecture corps and access 
to Vanderbilt laboratories, offer unrivaled opportunities 
for "The Making of a Woman." Write for beautiful 
"Gray and Gold Yearbook." and read the testimony of 
enthusiastic patrons from c\ery section of the country. 
MRS. E. C. BUFORD, President. 



TENNESSEE CENTRAL R. R. 

If You /n,n Seeking' 

a Home, a !• arm, or a 
IStockFarm, alocatioii 
jfor a Wood-Working 
/Factorj', a location for 
a Factory of any kind, 
forTimlicr hands, for 

Coal Lands, the line of 

the Tennessee Contviil r.:iil:oail offers the fl lest 
opportunity in the S iitli — f^rlhellomt' Seeker, 
the Mantiractiirer, niul llio Farmer. Jt is anew 
line rnnninir throujxli a iii'W and rich country, 
and accessil)le liv rail to all p;n-ts of the United 
States. For further inforniatioii aiMress 

E. H. HINTON, Traffic Mgr., ""'f^^'t^' 





FLAYELL'S ABDOMINAL SUPPORTER. 

Give exact circumforenoa 
of abdomen at K, L, M. 

Silk EUdic ■ $S 00 
TKread Eltstie - i SO 

K Q9oAm KDt by m.11 apoa r^v^jrt 9t 
price. Safe delivery sa.r.at..d, 

Utmi Tot puaphtot «f Eltttic Stockingi, Tni88e«, Etc. 
I. W. FliTillABre., lOOSSprlniOirdtnSI., nilladilphit, Pa. 



st^mmmmmiwm 



BEST 

PASSENGER SERVICE 

IN TEXAS. 

4-IMPORTANT GATEWAYS-4 




e. P.TURNER, 

Oen'l Pass'r and Tiokit Aqent, 

Dallas. Tex«» 



Ueutiou VflTEBAlT when you wxite. 



DRAUCHON'S 



BIG 
20 
BIG- 
GEST 



BEST 
CAT'LOG 
TELLS 

REST 



PRACTICAL BUS. 

,1. y. DR.vrmiox, i'Ki;s. 

NIGHT and DAYsclu.c.l. Catalogui: 1-rce. 

WACO, TKX. 

ST. LO UIS, MO. 

R.\ L li IGH, N. C. 

GALVKSTON, TEX. 

NASHVILLE, TENN'. 

KNOXVILLE, TENN. 

SAN .\N TONIO, TEX. 

MONTi.OMlvUV, AL.\. 

L I T r L !•; R O C K, A R K. 

OKLAni)\l.\CITV,OKLA. 

PADIC.MI. KV. • .\TL.\NT.\,GA. 

FT.WOKTIl, riiX.anKNlSON. TEX. 

FT. SCOTT, KAN S. I FT. SMITH. ARK. 

COLfMHL\, S. C. XMUSKOliEK. I. T. 

SllRE\i;i'ORT, L.\. * KANSAS CITV. MO. 

S S 16 Bankers on Board Directors. S $ 

Incorpor.ilLd, $300,000.00. EslaWishcd 16 years. 

A TOWER TO SUCCESS. 
A MONUMENT TO MERiT. 
A PYRAMID TO PROGRESS. 
AN OBELISK OF POPULARITY. 
ON SUBSTANTIAL FOUNDATION. 
INSTRUCTION— in Ihorou-jhness we are to 
bnsincss cr)lleijes what Har\ ard is to iicatiennes, 
UnUC QTIinV We teach l^y mail snccessfuUy or 
nUIVIL OIUUI REFUND money. Write us.' 
POSITIONS secured or money REFUNDED. 



COLVMBVS GAS and GASOLINE ENGINES 

Built by pioneers in 
gas engine construc- 
tion, embracing fea- 
tures of meril proved 
by years of experi- 
ence. A reliable 
high type of engine 
at a reasonable price. 
Information on r e- 
quest. 




C. C. FOSTER, Agt. 
Nashville, Tenn. 



TRAVEL VIA THE 



SOUTHERN 
RA IL WA Y 

The Great- ^ Through 

est ^SLib^le^ping 

S., T Car Nash- 

outhern 

Systenv 



* 



Dhiing and 
n LI r» • Observation 

Double Dai- , ^ 

_ . Cars. 



ly Service 

Nashville to 
the East, via i 
Chattanooga 
and Asheville, 
through 



villa to 
York. 



N< 



Pullman 
Sleeping Cars 
on all through 
trains. 

Elegant Day 
Coaches. 



••THE LAND OF THE SKY" 

J. M. CuLP, 4th Vice Pres., 'Washington, D. C. 

S. H. HARDWin;, Pass. Traffic Manager, 
■Washington, D. C. 

W. H. Tayloe, Gen. Pass. Agt., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

U. A. Benscoter, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt., Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn. 

J. B. Shipley, Traveling Pass. Agt., Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OK CONFEDERATE \ETEUANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Teiin., as second-class matter. 

Contriimtors are requested to use only one side of the paper, and to abbrevi* 
ate as much as practicable. These sugi^estions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the \'eteran cannot un- 
dertake to return them. Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The d.ile to a subscription is always given to tlio month brfor,- it ends. For 
instance, if theA'ETERAM is ordered to be^in with January, the d,ate on mail 
list will be December, and the suJiscriber is entitled to that number. 



The r/Vl7war was too long ago to be called the laU w.ar, and when cor- 
respondents use that term *' War between the States" will be substituted. 

The terms " new South" and '* lost Cause'* are objectionable to the Veteran. 



OFFICIALIA' REPRESEXTS: 

L'nited Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans, a;.'d Other Orga:»izatioxs, 

Confederated Sovtjiern M£.mor;al Association. 

The Veteran is approved and indorsed ofHci.allv bv a larger and more 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in existence. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Price. $1.00 per Year. I Vni VTTI 
Single Copy, 10 Cents, f * "''• -^"'' 



NASHVILLE, TENN., FEBRUARY, 1905. 



ja„ o J S. A. CUNNINGHAM. 
^* *"■ I Proprietor. 




THE BIRTHDAY OF GEN. LEE. 
It vv.Ms not expected lo nndciiakc any review of tlie pro- 
ceedings of patriotic Christian people in lionorinp; Gen. Robert 
Edward Lee on January 19, the ninety- 
seventh anniver.sary of his birth, since 
it would take a year to report all that 
is good ; but the occasion for using his 
portrait (on 'I'ravelor) on our cover I 
page induced the purpose to refer to the ' 
first few accounts received by the Vet- 
eran. Atlanta Camp comrades, ever en- 
terprising, sent the brief report which 
appears first. 

A correspondent, writing from Atlanta, Ga., January 19, 
states: "The birthday of Gen. Lee was observed here by alL 
classes of our citizens. All banks and public buildings were 
closed, and business generally was suspended. Exercises, con- 
sisting of recitations, readings, and songs suitable to the oc- 
casion, were held in all the public schools. The Confederate 
Veterans and the United Daughters of the Confederacy of 
.\tlanta carried out an interesting and elaborate programme 
at the Wesley Tabernacle. It was presided over by Judge 
George Uillycr. Mrs. Edmund Berkley, Pre^ideut of the -At- 
lanta Chapter, V. D. C, delivered crosses of ho ir to quite a 
number of old veterans, followed by an addre n Gen. R. 
E. Lee by Mr. Charles J. Haden. Mrs. Elizabeth E. Lumpkin, 
of Rock Hill, S. C, also addressed the audience, and was 
followed by Gen. Clement A. Evans, who, in behalf of the 
N'cterans, presented a beautiful loving cup to Mrs. S. E. Gab- 
bctt. The entire programme was interspersed w'ith delightful 
vocal and instrumental music. The 'Virginia Society' of At- 
lanta licld a banquet at night in the Aragon Hotel in honor 
of the event. No special orator from Virginia was present 
this year, but speeches were made by Gov. J. M. Terrell, Hon. 
Clark Howell, James R. Gray, Bishop Kelley, of Savannah, 
George W. N. Mitchell, and Charles Bayne. The birthday of 
Gen. Lee should be generally observed througliout the South. 
It would be well for every Southern State to make it a legal 
holiday. In this way it would annually impress upon our 
children the justness of the South and the heroism of our 
people in the War between the States." 

All honor to our comrades and to the people of Georgia's 
capital cit\ for the consideration tliey exhibited in honor of 
an event that lacks but three years of a century! 



rENs.\coLA Pays Patriotic Tribute. 

In a memorial address at Pensacola, Fla., Gen. George Reese 
made the address upon Lee and Jackson, in which he said: 

"It is natural that I should relate some events that came 
under my observation, but the rank and file of an army saw 
very little of the general officers. I remember seeing Gen. 
Jackson but once. That was at Fredericksburg, just before 
that great battle, as he rode along the line dressed in a uni- 
form of gray. 

"I had the pleasure of being near to Gen. Lee on several 
occasions. The first was when he was reviewing his army 
near Winchester. Greatness was stamped upon his every 
movement. The next time was at the Wilderness, when he was 
under fire, the shells falling thick and heavy, and the Minie 
halls seeming as thick as hail. It was just after the Texas 
Brigade had refused to let Lee lead them in the charge that 
seemed a hopeless effort to stem the advance of Grant's legions. 
He was as cool as when he was reviewing his troops. I never 
shall forget his look when he said : 'Alabamians, I expect you 
to do as well as the Texans.' Under such an inspiration, is 
it any wonder the Alabama Brigade drove the enemy, double 
their number, fully a mile? I saw Lee several times during 
the siege of Petersburg and on the retreat to Appomattox. 
The last time I saw him was when he was under the r-cort 
of Federal cavalry, passing through our lines going to Rich- 
mond. All who saw him on that occasion will recall his kindly 
bearing and the tears that ran down his cheeks as he bade his 
soldiers good-by. 

"As time rolls on the names of Lee and Jackson increase in 
brightness, until already they illumine the pages of history 
as no other of modern times. Like all great men, Lee's 
modesty has obscured his greatness, except with a few who 
try to detract from his fame as a general of the Confederacy, 
or by blind prejudice and ignorance to besmirch his pure and 
noble character by alluding to hiir as a traitor and perjurer, 
as a Grand Army Post in Kansas did last year, and so teach 
the children in their schools. History will yet teach these 
minds that they cannot control the future estimate of Lee as 
recorded by some of the greatest generals and statesmen of 
the world." 

He then gave his audience the grand tribute to Gen. Lee 
Iiy Lord Wolseley. ->> 

Gen. Reese concluded his patriotic and able address as fol- 
lows : "To you patriotic Daughters of the Confederacy we old 
soldiers who loved these great men under whom we served 
must look for the preservation of an untarnished record of 



54 



Qoofederate l/eterap. 



the brave officers and men of the Confederate army, who 
fought for right and home. You have done weW in the past. 
We look to you to do better in the future. As you have in 
the past ministered so nobly to our physical wants, so in the 
future we trust you to keep green and transmit to posterity 
unsullied the undying fame and glory of the soldiers of the 
South. Let none say in your presence that the great leaders 
of the South were traitors. Teach future generations the 
truth of history, and they will not be ashamed to say: 'I am 
proud that my ancestors were true patriots and loyal to the 
Southland.' Take care of the records, and see that no false 
impressions are handed down to your descendants." 



SONS OF VETERANS WANT CORRECT HISTORY. 

Realizing the necessity for immediate action, in order to 
save from neglect and ruin some of the most valuable his- 
torical data in the South, and in order to assist the effort to 
establish to posterity a true account of the War between the 
States, the Sons of Confederate Veterans, at their last annual 
reunion in Nashville, adopted the following resolutions by 
William Armistead Collier, Jr., of Memphis, Tenn. : 

"Whereas, in view of the following facts, set forth in the 
supplementary report of the former Historical Committee . 
That the archives of the State of Tennessee haye been found 
by a committee of the last Legislature to be in a deplorable 
condition, many of the most valued State records having been 
allowed to go to ruin from neglect ; that the archives of the 
State of Mississippi were in a like condition previous to the 
establish rricnt of a Department of State, known as the 'De- 
partment of Archives and History;' and, therefore, that in all 
probability similar conditions exist in other States of the 
South; and whereas we believe the preservation of historical 
material to be a sacred duty which we owe to our State and 
country, to our forefathers, ourselves and posterity, and one 
of the high objects of the existence of our organization of 
Sons of Confederate Veterans ; and whereas it has been 
demonstrated by the States of Alabama and Mississippi thai 
this object can be best accomplished by the creation and 
maintenance of a separate department of State, devoted to 
'the care and custody of official archives, the collection of 
materials bearing upon the history of the State, the compila- 
tion and publication of the State's official records and other 
historical materials, the diffusion of knowledge in reference 
to the history and resources of the State, the encouragemeni 
of historical work and research,' etc., and that such department 
can be maintained and do efficient service at an expense of 
$2,500 a year; be it therefore 

"Resolved, That we, the United Sons of Confederate Vet- 
erans, in convention assembled, do hereby indorse and com- 
mend the efforts of the States of Alabama and Mississippi ; 
and pledge our organization, as Camps and as individuals, 
to bring about the early establishment in every State in the 
South of similar departments to those now in successful oper- 
ation in the above-named States, the purpose of such de- 
partments being to save from neglect, loss, and destruction 
the archives of the States, to collect, preserve, edit, and make 
known their invaluable records and all public documents 
and material which will be necessary in the future to a true 
knowledge ;ind understanding of State and Southern his- 
tory. 

"Be it further resolved. That the movement to establish 
these departments be put in charge of a special committee, 
which shall be appointed for no other purpose and with no 
other end in view ; that this committee be designated the 



'Committee on the Establishment of Departments of History;' 
that it be made up only of comrades who are so much inter- 
ested in the movement that they will pledge themselves before 
appointment to appear before the Legislatures of their re- 
spective States and bear their own expenses in using every 
honorable means to secure the enactment of laws establish- 
ing such departments in every State where, after personal 
investigation, the same are found to be needed. 

"Be it further resolved. That we hereby call upon the Gov- 
ernors of the Southern States to recommend the passage of 
such laws as aforesaid ; that we invite the cooperation of all 
patriotic organizations and historical societies and invoke the 
aid of the press of the South in this important movement." 



PROPOSED LAW FOR TENNESSEE. 

The House Bill No. 69, entitled "An Act to Establish a 
Department of Archives and History for the State of Ten- 
nessee," prescribes its functions and duties and provides for 
its maintenance : 

"Section i. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the 
State of Tennessee that there is established for the State of 
Tennessee a 'Department of Archives and History,' to be lo- 
cated at the State Capitol in apartments to be set aside for 
its use by the Governor, and the objects and purposes of the 
said department are the care and custody of official archives, 
the collection of materials bearing upon the history of the 
State and of the territory included therein from the earliest 
times, the compilation and publication of the State's official 
records and other historical material, the diffusion of knowl- 
edge in reference to the history and resources of the State, 
the encouragement of historical work and research, and the 
performance of such other acts and requirements as may be 
enjoined by law. 

"Section 2. Be it further enacted: (i) That said depart- 
ircnt shall be under the control of a board of nine trustees 
chosen from the membership of the Tennessee Historical So- 
ciety. (2) That within ten days after the passage of this 
act the President of the Tennessee Historical Society shall 
call a meeting of its members to choose said board. (3) 
That immediately after assembling in response to a call ot 
the president said board of trustees shall be equally divided 
by lot into three classes. The term of service of the first 
class shall expire at the end of two years ; of the second class, 
at the end of 'our years ; of the third class, at the end of six 
years ; the nning of the several terms of service for the 

purposes of this act to be January I, 1905. (4) That the 
board shall have the power and the authority to fill all 
vacancies therein, whether by expiration of term of service 
or by death or by resignation; but the names of all newly 
elected members shall be communicated to the next ensuing 
session of the State Senate for confirmation, and in case it 
shall reject any of the said newly elected trustees it shall 
proceed forthwith to fill the vacancy or vacancies by an elec- 
tion. (5) That all trustees chosen to succeed the present 
members or their successors whose respective terms shall 
have fully expired shall serve for a term of six years, and 
appointees to fill vacancies by death or resignation shall serve 
only the unexpired term of their predecessors. (6) That the 
said board of trustees shall hold at the State Capitol at least 
one regular meeting during the year and as many special 
meetings as may be necessary, and at said meetings five 
members shall constitute a quorum. (7) The director here- 
inafter provided shall be secretary of the board. (8) The 
trustees shall receive no compensation for their services other 



Qoijfederate \/eterai>. 



55 



than the amount of their necessary expenses actually paid out 
while in attendance on the meetings of the board or the 
business of the department. (9) Said board is empowered to 
adopt rules for its own government and for the government 
of the department, to elect a director, to provide for the 
selection and appointment of other officials or employees 
as may be authorized, and to do and perform such other acts 
and things as may be necessary to carry out the true intent 
and purposes of this act. 

"Section 3. Be it further enacted that (i) the department 
shall be under the immediate management and control of a 
director to be elected by the board of trustees, whose term 
of service shall be four years and until his successor is elected 
and qualified. (2) He shall take an oath of office as other 
public officials, and shall be commissioned in like manner. 

(3) He shall devote his time to the work of the department, 
using his best endeavor to develop and build it up, so as to 
carry out the design of its creation, and shall receive for his 
services the sum of eighteen hundred dollars per annum, 
payable monthly, as other State officials, and a continuing 
appropriation for the said annua! salary is hereby made. 

(4) He shall have control and direction of the work and 
operations of the department ; he shall preserve its collec- 
tions, care for the official archives that may come into its 
custody, collect as far as possible all materials bearing upon 
the history of the State and of the territory included therein 
from the earliest times, prepare the biennial register herein- 
after provided, diffuse knowledge in reference to the history 
and resources of the State, and he is -charged with the 
particular duty of gathering data concerning Tennessee's 
.soldiers in the War between the States. (5) He shall make 
an annual report to the board of trustees, to be by them trans- 
mitted to the Governor, to be accompanied by such historical 
papers and documents as may be deemed of importance by 
him, and the director shall contract for the printing and 
binding of said report, which shall be paid for as other print- 
ing and binding. 

"Section 4. Be it further enacted that any State, county, 
or other official is hereby authorized and empowered in his 
discretion to turn over to the department for permanent 
preservation therein any official books, records, documents, 
original papers, newspaper files, and printed books not in 
current use in his office. When so surrendered, copies 
therefrom shall be made and certified by the director upon 
the application of any person interested, which certification 
shall have all the force and effect as if made by the officer 
originally in the custody of them, and for which the same 
fees shall be charged, to be collected in advance. 

"Section 5. Be it further enacted that an official and statis- 
tical register of the State of Tennessee shall be compiled 
liy the director after each general election, to contain (l) 
lirief sketches of the several State officials, the members of 
Congress from Tennessee, the Supreme Court judges, the 
judges of the Court of Chancery Appeals, the members of the 
Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Ten- 
nessee; (2) rosters of all State and county officials; (3) lists 
of all Slate institutions, with officials; (4") State and county 
population and election statistics; and (5) miscellaneous sta- 
tistics — and said register shall be published in an edition of 
one thousand copies for free distribution, the printing and 
binding to be paid for as other public printing and binding. 

"Section 6. Be it further enacted that the department i.*; 
charged with the duty of making special effort to collect data 
in reference to soldiers from Tennessee in the War between 
the States, both from the War Department at Washington 



and also from private individuals, and to cause the same to 
be prepared for publication as speedily as possible. 

"Section 7. Be it further enacted that in addition to the 
salary of the director, hereinabove appropriated, the sum of 
seven hundred dollars annually is hereby appropriated for the 
maintenance of said department, and the Comptroller is here- 
by authorized to draw his warrant on the State Treasurer for 
the whole or any part of the said amount, in such sums and in 
such manner as may be authorized by said board of trustees. 

"Section 8. Be it further enacted that this act take effect 
from and after its passage, the public welfare requiring it" 



HEROES OF SABINE PASS. 

Mrs. Kate Alma Orgain, Historian Texas Division, U. C. 
v., sends lists of the men who gained the unprecedented vic- 
tory of Sabine Pass during our great war. She designates 
it as "revised roster" of those engaged in the battle, Septem- 
ber 8, 1863, as concurred in by John A. Drummond and Rich- 
ard O'Hara, two of the survivors : 

Lieut. Ricliard W. Dowling, commanding. 

Lieut. N. II. Smith, of Engineer Corps, 

Dr. G. H. Bailey, Post Surgeon. 

Abbott, Patrick. 

Carr, Michael; Carter, Abner R. ; Clair, Patrick; Corcoran, 
James. 

Dragan, Hugh ; Delaney, Michael ; Doherty, Thomas ; Drum- 
mond, John A, was enlisted as John Anderson (powder 
monkey). 

Eagan, Michael. 

Fitzgerald. Patrick ; Fitzgerald, David ; Fleming, James ; 
I'lood, John. 

Gleason, William. 

Hassett, John; Hurley, Timothy; Hennesy. John. Hagerty, 
Thomas; Huggins, Timothy. 

McKernon, Thomas; McKecver, John; McCabe, Alex; Mc- 
Donough, Timothy ; McDonnell, Patrick ; McGrath, John ; 
McNcalis, John ; McMurry, Daniel ; Monaghen, Michael ; 
Mulhorn, Joinse. 

O'Hara, Peter; O'Hara, Richard. 

Pritchard, Edward ; Powers, Morris ; Puckett, Lawrence. 

Rheine, Charles. 

Sullivan. Thomas ; Sullivan, Patrick ; Sullivan, Mike. 

Walsh, Mathew ; White, Jack W. ; Wesley, John ; Wilson, 
Joseph. 

Names on Drummond's list not on O'Hara's : 

Donovan. Dan. 

Hardin, William. 

Jett, Livingston. 

Name on O'Hara's list not on Drummond's: 

Malone, Patrick. 

Gen. Cabell's Seventy-Eighth Birthday. — Comrade J. A. 
Cummins, of Bowie, Tex., writes : "I met with the Sterling 
Price Camp, U. C. 'V., of Dallas, and we went in a body to 
pay our respects to Gen. W. L. Cabell yesterday, the first 
of January, to help him celebrate his seventy-eighth birthday. 
We had the time of our lives. The honor was conferred 
upon me of cutting the cake first. Gen. Graber, Gen. Sellers, 
Col. Simpson, and many other distinguished old veterans 
were numbered among his comrades present. Gen. Cabell 
said he felt he was only sixteen when surrounded by so 
many of his old comrades, and to see the ladies kiss him and 
hear his pleasant old laugh was a treat. This is just a mere 
glimpse of that afternoon. Mrs. Katie Cabell Currie, one of 
the noblest women of whom the South can boast, gave each 
of us old veterans a most cordial welcome." 



53 



Confederate Ueterai}. 



(Confederate l/eteraQ. 

S A CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office Meihodisl Publishintr )lousc Buiidinj;, Nashville, Tenn. 



Ttii puhlirallnn Is Ine personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per 
sont «hr approve its principles and realize its benefits as an orsfan for Asso 
cUllont inrouphout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate In ext..r.'jing lu circulation. t.et each one be conslanlly diligent. 



CONFEDERATE VETERAN INDEX. 
After being delayed many months in completing the Vet- 
eran Inde.v, we are glad to announce that it is now ready, 
and those desiring to have this bound in with their volumes 
can send an order and have it filled promptly. This has been 
an expensive work, and in asking a dollar for the set of 
twelve indexes we are simply trying to be reimbursed for 
the actual cost of issue. The Index for Vol. XI. was mailed 
with the Veteran last year, and those who preserved it may 
kindly give notice when ordering the others. These in- 
dexes will be of great assistance to those who have had their 
volumes bound, as they may be pasted in, as well as to those 
who have waited the index before binding. 



SOUTHERNERS MISJUDGED BY TARDINESS. 
A Cleveland (Ohio) paper published recently, in a special 
from New Orleans, the statement that "The South has no 
love for Dixie," basing the assertion upon the report that to 
fifteen hundred letters of appeal for some funds to erect n 
monument to Daniel D. Emmett there was but one response. 
This circumstance is noted, not to approve the charge, neither 
to deny it, but to suggest an important fact. The Southern 
people do not respond to such appeals with creditable prompt 
ness. That is an important reason why the advertising de- 
partment of the Veteran is not more liberally patronized 
If its legions of friends would be active in attendance upo.: 
what is advertised in its pages, the result would be amazing. 
The management does its part fully. First of all, it will not 
print anything which has not reasonable evidence of merit. 
The price offered never affects it. Advance over the card 
rate would not be considered as an inducement to give space 
for anything of doubtful merit. It is literally impossible for 
the management to influence its multitude of patrons beyond 
ihis kind of appeal. As they read quietly in their homes the 
various things advertised, if they would, when any article is 
deemed desirable enough to order, mention that they saw the 
notice in the Confeueuate Veteran, it would help to strength- 
en it far beyond what they may casually imagine. Advertis- 
ing departments in periodicals are often establislied through 
a method of personal canvass for purchasers of low-priced ar- 
ticles and giving money to pay for them simply for the bene- 
fit of having the advertiser understand that such an order 

was sent through seeing the advertisement in paper oi 

magazine. It often pays to give money. 

Now, if friends who sincerely have the success of th;' 
Veteran at heart would be diligent in this regard, the re- 
sults would extend beyond conceivable benefit. 

Recurring to the introductory statement in this article, the 
Veteran denies the charge that the South does not love 
"Uixie" and that she does not revere Dan Emmett, who 
wrote "Dixie" when bitterness of sectionalism was at fever 
heat. He wrote it in New York City in the winter of 1859, 
and it was the expression of a man whose "parents were 
Southern born," and who in the music of his kindly soul de- 
clared he would "live and die for Dixie," although himself 



a native of a Northern State. More credit is due the authoi 
of "Dixie" from a sectional standpoint than is generally 
given. His theatrical manager did not direct him to write 
a sentiment or "doggerel" for the Soutli. but simply to write 
that which would be an "arousement" for the company, and 
his heart sang of Dixie because he loved her people. 

With no complaint of our people who want a finer version 
of "Dixie," for they simply desire to exalt the version of tlie 
famous song, it is a singular attitude to want to put new 
words to a tune that originated by its author. Who would 
change the words of "Yankee Doodle Dandy." and yet what 
more patriotic meaning in it than "Di.xie?" 

When the subject of a monument to Daniel Decatur Em- 
mett is presented in a known proper way, it will find sup- 
porters throughout the South, although there are illustrations 
to the contrary. Think of how "Bill Arp" endeared himself 
to all the people who believed in the Southern cause, and yet 
how few sent the one dollar requested for his memorial. Who 
will repent, and send still ? 

To those who decline to pay for the Veteran because they 
"did not get it" or who changed address and failed to get it 
this statement is made, or to the families of those noble men — 
subscribers — who have passed away : The Veter.an is never 
sent to anybody who is not supposed to desire it, and it is 
always discontinued upon notice. While it is a hardship to 
pay for something not received, it is a far greater hardship in 
the aggregate for the office to lose it. In such instances, if 
ihe parties addressed would pay half the amount, it would 
help to maintain a poriodical which should have the support 
of every true Southerner. Every copy is an expense. 



THE LESSON OF LIFE. 
lie has solved the wonderful problem, 
The deepest, the strangest, the last ; 
And into the school of the angels. 

With the answer, forever has passed. 

How strange that in spite of your questions 

He maketh no answer, nor tells 
•Why so soon were honoring laurels 

Displaced by God's immortelles ! 

How strange he should sleep so profoundly, 
So young, so unworn by the strife ; 

While beside him, full of hope's neclar. 
Untouched, stands the goblet of life! 

It is idle to talk of the future 

And the "might have been" 'mid our tears; 
God knew all about it 

Away from the oncoming years. 

God knew all about it — how noble. 
How gentle he was, and how brave. 

How brilliant his possible future — 
Yet put him to sleep in the grave. 

God knew all about those who loved him — 

How bitter the trial must be — 
And right through it all God is loving. 

And knew so much better than we. 

So in the darkness be trustful ; 

One day you shall say it was well 
God took from his young brow earth's troubles. 

And crowned it with death's immortelles. 



C^opfederate l/eterar;. 



57 



SOUTHERN LITERATURE. 

BY MRS. KATE ALMO OKGAIN, TEMPLE, TEX. 

"Let me make the songs of a land, and any one may make 
its laws." Teach a child the poetry and the stories of his 
native land, and you may exile him, but you cannot make 
him forget his early home. The literature and songs of a 
country reach the soul of a boy, and "the boy is the father 
of the man." "Marching through Georgia" is sung in some of 
our schools; is "Maryland, My Maryland" also learned? 
\Yt have Longfellow, Bryant, and Whitticr days ; do we also 
have some set apart for Lanier, Timrod, Ticknor, or Hayne? 
Do our public school children know even the names of thesf 
Southern poets? 

In the course of conversation with a city superintendent 
he made use of this remark, which would no doubt be true 
of nine-tenths of our schools : "The average teacher knows 
little more about Southern writers than the pupils." 

In Paris, Tex., a girl, belonging to the graduating class, 
asked her teacher "if the South ever had any literature." 

Prof. J. E. Blair, of San Marcos Normal, wrote to me 
lliat in his last conmienccnicnt exercises he had desired to 
Kivc .some place to Southern literature, hut when he searche<l 
for fact and matter "the paucity of material was alarming." 

Prof. F. S. Minturn, of Bryant, said in an address : "I 
know but little about Southern literature, and I have learned 
that little since I left school. All the schools I attended 
were intensely Southern, yet had no place in their curriculum 
tor Southern authors, and Southern writings had no ex- 
pounders. They taught plenty of good, wholesome thought 
from Greece, Rome, Great Britain, and Northern States. 
but seldom even a poem from a Southern writer, yet the 
South had before the great war two hundred and forty-one 
writers " 

What more patriotic work could engage the Daughters of 
llie Confederacy than recovering and inducing love for, and 
study of, these classic authors, many of whom were Con- 
federate soldiers? 

Let our children learn proudly that "the first lispings of 
American literature were not in New England, but along the 
sands of the Chesapeake and near the gurgling tides of the 
James River." Show them that when Irving and Cooper were 
writing their interesting books John Pendleton Kennedy, of 
Baltimore, a Southern friend and comrade of Irving, and Wil- 
liam Gilmore Simms. of South Carolina, were telling equally 
well the stories of the South. 

Wc lalior to erect .shafts of marble and granite to our sol- 
diers ; but how could we build a more lasting monument to 
such Confederate warriors as Sidney Lanier, Paul Hamilton 
llayne, Henry Timrod, Joel C. Harris, Thomas Nelson Page, 
Dr. Francis Orrary Ticknor, William Gordon McCabe, and 
l\illu-r Ryan than by impressing with imperishable love their 
ln-aulifnl writings upon the hearts of Southern children? 
Longfellow needs no monument. "The Psalm of Life," "I 

Stood on the Bridge at Midnight, riic Rainy Day" — these 

are engraved on every American heart. 

We try to teach our children patriotic feeling through the 
doleful air of "God Save the Queen ;" while Henry Timrod, 
ihe Southern poet-soldier, who, dying, left the stain of his 
ebbing lifcblood on the last proof of his book of poems, 
could lire the soul of a boy with one or two verses of "Caro- 
lina :" 

"Hold up the glories of thy dead, 
Say how thy elder children bled. 
And point to Eutaw's sacred deathbed, 
Carolina ! 




58 



Qopfederate Ueterap. 



Tell how the patriot soul was tried, 
And what his dauntless breast defied, 
How Rutledge ruled and Laurens died, 
Carolina! 
Or where can you find more impassioned patriotism than 
in Father Ryan's "In Memoriam :" 

"They are thronging, mother, thronging, 
To a thousand fields of fame ; 
Let me go, 'tis wrong and wronging 
God and thee to crush this longing. 
On the muster roll of glory, 
In my country's future story. 
On the field of battle gory, 
I must consecrate my name?" 
Or in the grand poem of Dr. Ticknor's "Virginians of the 
Vale," which has been anonymously copied in many Northern 
papers and pasted in many scrapbooks South without any 
knowledge that it was written by Dr. Ticknor, the scholarly 
physician and Southern patriot, who never struck his lyre 
for gold or fame : 

"We thought they slept — the sons who kept 

The names of noble sires — 
And slumbered while the darkness crept 

Around their vigil fires ; 
But aye, 'The Golden Horseshoe Knights' 

Their old dominion keep; 
Whose foes have found enchanted ground. 
But not one knight asleep?" 
Would you cultivate in your child the love for his own 
hills and dales? Then instill into his young soul such words 
as "The Old Red Hills of Georgia," by Henry Roots Jackson, 
another gallant Confederate soldier: 

"And where upon their surface 

Is the heart of feeling dead ? 
And when has needy stranger 

Gone from those hills unfed? 
Their bravery and their kindness 

For aye go hand in hand 
Upon your washed and naked hills, 
My own, my native land." 
Read to your boy also the poem of another soldier, "Land 
of the South," by Alexander Meeks : 

"Land of the South, imperial land, 
How proud thy mountains rise ! 
How sweet thy scenes on every hand ! 

How fair thy covering skies ! 
But not for this, O not for these, 

I love thy fields to roam ; 
Thou hast a dearer spell for me — 
Thou art my native home." 
We need not depend alone upon New England poets for 
our literary inspirations. Some critics claim that "Balaklava," 
by James Barron Hope, is not one whit inferior to Tenny- 
son's "Charge of the Light Brigade :" 

"Brightly gleam six hundred sabers. 
And the brazen trumpets ring; 
Steeds are gathered, spurs are riven 
With a mad shout upward given. 
Scaring vultures on the wing." 
Ask the teachers who have your children's mind and heart 
in their shaping hands to read to them "McDonald's Raid" 
and the "Battle of Kings," by the soldier and poet laureate, 
Paul Hamilton Hayne, or the poem of the same name, "The 
Battle of King's Mountain," by William Gilmore Simms. 

Do you wish to croon a little story to your little ones at 
twilight hour or round the fireside after supper? Read to 



them the exquisite poem "Little Nellie in Prison," by Paul H. 
Hayne, or softly repeat his loving verses to his boy Will : 
"We roam the hills together 
In the golden sunmier weather. 

Will and I. 
And the glowing sunbeams bless us. 
And the winds of heaven caress us, 
As we wander hand in hand 
Through the blissful summer land, 

Will and I. 
Where the tinkling brooklet passes 
Through the heart of dewy grasses. 

Will and I 
Have heard the mockbird singing, 
And the field lark seen upspringing. 
In his happy flight afar. 
Like a tiny winged star, 
Will and I." 
Read also to them the story of "Little Bob Bonnyface," and 
then leave their hearts beautifully tender with Hayne's pa- 
thetic poem, "The Silken Shoe;" 

"My shoe, papa, please hang it 

Once more on the holly bough 
Just where I can see it 

When I wake, an hour from now. 
But alas I she never wakened. 

Close shut were the eyes of blue. 
Whose last faint gleam had fondled 

The curves of that dainty shoe. 
Ah, children! you understand me. 

Your eyes are brimmed with dew 
As you watch on the Christmas holly 
The sheen of a silken shoe." 
When the children are asleep you can ennoble your own 
soul by reading "The Aspect of the Pine," "Fire Pictures," 
"The Voice in the Pine," "The First Mocking Bird in Spring," 
or any of the poems in the splendid volume of four hundred 
pages written at Copse Hill, near Augusta, Ga., where Paul 
Hamilton Hayne labored for fifteen years after the Confed- 
erate war, which beggared him, to keep the wolf from his 
door. These are only stray gleamings from a Southern fund 
of literature almost inexhaustible. Is there not a work of 
magnificent recognition and grateful commemoration waiting 
the active hand and heart of every Daughter of the Confed- 
eracy, a work that wiil outlive marble shaft or granite pile? 

I have spent much of the past year in the study and exami- 
nation of Southern literature of the ante-bellum days, and I 
have yet to find one impure word, one repulsive thought, or 
one sensual tendency. Can we say as much for all our pres- 
ent literature or of the modern poem and novel? 



Pr-\ctical and Patriotic. — The J. J. Finley Chapter, U. D. 
C, of Gainesville, Fla., are most practical as well as patriotic. 
This Chapter was organized in 1903 with thirty-four charter 
members, who elected Mrs. G. K. Broome, "a Southern wom- 
an of the sixties," the first President. The Chapter has 
grown rapidly, and now has over sixty members on its roster. 
One of the principal objects of the association is to see that 
proper histories are taught the children of the South. The 
Chapter feels that the Davis Monument is practically com- 
pleted, and, as this is a monument to every soldier who 
fought under the Southern cross as well as to our glorious 
cliieftain, that now their best efforts should be directed toward 
the practical good of our soldiers and the education of our 
youths. 



Qoofederate l/eterai). 



59 



FATHER AND SON CONFEDERATE VETERANS. 

Capt. L. Lake and his son, A. C. Lake, the first of Oxford 
and the latter of Crystal Springs, Miss., are perhaps the only 
two Confederate veterans living, father and son, who entered 
the Confederate army at the heginning, served continuously 
to the close of the war, and are now active participants in 
all the annual reunions of the United Confederate Veterans. 

Capt. Lake was horn in Dorchester County, Md., Septem- 
ber 7, 1817. His father was an officer in the War of 1812, 
and his grandfather was an officer in the Revolutionary War. 
In 1830 Capt. Lake moved to Jackson, Tenn., going by boat 
and stage, e.Ncept the first twelve miles of his journey, which 
were made by railroad. It was the only railroad in the United 
States at that time, and extended from Baltimore to Elicott's 
Mills. The car was so small that one horse was sufficient to 
draw it. In 1834 Capt. Lake moved from Jackson, Tenn., to 
Grenada, Miss., wdiere he was when the war began, in 1861. 




A. C. LAKE. 



CAPT. L. LAKE. 



He was at once appointed post quartermaster for equipping 
State troops, and was soon after commissioned by the Con- 
federate government, with rank of captain. In 1863 he was 
ordered to Texas to handle Confederate cotton through 
Brownsville to Mexico with which to purchase quartermaster 
supplies. This traffic was broken up by the Federals captur- 
ing Brownsville, througli which the supplies were .shipped. 
Capt. Lake then returned to Mississippi and reported to Gen. 
J. E. Johnston, who assigned him the duty of gathering sup- 
plies on Warrior, Tombigbee, and Alabama Rivers and for- 
warding them to Montgomery for the army. After the fall 
of Atlanta Capt. Lake was ordered to Grenada, Miss., with 
Col. J. W. Culp, with whom he later surrendered. 

Capt. Lake was, as may be seen, eighty-seven years old 
September 7, 1904. His wife is also a native of Maryland, 
and is eighty-one years old. On October 28, last, this happy 
and venerable couple celebrated the sixty-fourtli anniversary 
of their marriage. 



Their son, Mr. A. C. Lake, was born in Grenada, Miss., 
June 24, 1844, and joined in 1861 Stanford's Battery, organized 
at that place. They were ordered to Columbus, Ky., to Gen. 
Polk, and served with that division from Shiloh through the 
Kentucky campaign and back to Tennessee, participating in 
all the battles of his command in Tennessee, through the At- 
lanta campaign, back again to Tennessee with Hood, and 
going out with his depleted army. Having lost three of its 
guns at the battle of Nashville, the battery was ordered, after 
crossing the Tennessee River at Bainbridge, to Choctaw Bluffs 
to man some siege guns that commanded the Alabama River. 
After the fall of Mobile Choctaw Bluffs were abandoned and 
the battery was moved to Meridian, Miss., and there sur- 
rendered and paroled by Gen. E. S. Canby, U. S. A., May 
5, 1865. 

From Meridian the men of the battery remained in organi- 
zation until at Grenada, where they formally disbanded. 
When organized in 1861 the company comprised four of- 
ficers and sixty-four men. It was afterwards, by recruits, in- 
creased to one hundred and ten. Upon the sad return there 
were only fourteen men, and eight or nine of these were 
unfit for duty, and the orderly sergeant was in command. 

In the four years' service of Comrade Lake he was not 
absent from duty exceeding six weeks. After the battle of 
Shiloh he was sent home sick, but soon returned to his com- 
ir.and. In front of Atlanta he received a wound that laid 
him oft' for thirty days; but at no time was he absent from his 
gun when it was in action, having never in the four years 
missed a fight in which his battery participated. This ven- 
erable comrade was with his conmiand below Atlanta when 
the refugees, the helpless women and children, arrived, ex- 
pelled from Atlanta by the wicked order of Sherman, and he 
shared with ihcm his rations, as did many of the other sol- 
diers. 



LEE AT LEXINGTON. 

nv lOHN WH.nER JENKINS, SOUTHERN EDITOR BALTIMORE SUN. 

Calm-eyed, serene, 

The swordless General stood. 

Inspiring youth to noble thoughts and deeds ; 

Planting the pregnant seeds 

Which in the peaceful time to come 

Would burst into the fragrant bloom 

Of a new nation, bound in brotherhood; 

Remembering all the brave 

Who climbed the heights of flame 

Or plunged the depths of hell 

At his command; 

Surveying all the hopes and fears 

That crowded the disturbing years — 

The star-crossed flag 

That, wreathed in glory, fell ; 

The valorous armies, torn by shot and sliell; 

An empire's embers, smoking in its ruins, 

Proud of the very ashes of its past. 

He knew his cause was dead. 

But buried in a million loyal hearts. 

Duty had led him through life's tortuous ways; 

His great soul did not know defeat. 

Nor mourn the unreturning days. 

The Valley of the Shadow 

Unfaltering he trod. 

As one who faces heaven unafraid 

And does not fear the judgment of his God. 

Baltimore, January 12, njoy 



60 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



■ RELATIVE STRENGTH OF THE TWO ARMIES. 

In the September Veteran there was published a statement 
of Mr. Cassenove G. Lee, of Washington, a recognized au- 
thority on war statistics, showing that the enlistments in 
the Northern Army were 2,778,304, against 600,000 in the 
Southern army. The publication of these figures, showing the 
enormous odds the South had to fight, brought vigorous pro- 
tests from the press of the North and demanding Mr. Lee's 
authority for such statements, to which he replied as follows : 
"The statement most objected to is the total number of enlist- 
ments in the Confederate army— that is. 600,000 men. The 
New York Tribune never, to my knowledge, said anything 
kind or generous about the South, and therefore what it says 
in support of tliat section may be received as authentic. Its 
Washington correspondent, in the issue of June 26, 1867, page 
I, says: 'Among the documents which fell into our hands at 
the downfall of the Confederacy are the returns, very nearly 
complete, of the Confederate armies from their organization, 
in the summer cf 1S61, down to the spring of 1865. These 
returns have be. 1 .irefully analyzed, and I am enabled to 
furnish the returns in every department and for almost every 
month from these official sources. We judge in all 600,000 
different men were in the Confederate ranks during the war. 
Of those, we do not believe one-half are alive this day. Of 
the 300,000 of the Confederate soldiers yet alive, no man can 
say what proportion are wholly or in part disabled by wounds 
or disease.' 

"Gen. J. A. Early, in 'Southern Historical Society Papers,' 
Volume II., page 20, says, 'This estimate is very nearly cor- 
rect;' and there was no better authority in the South than 
Gen. Early. The 'American Cyclopedia' (,D. Appleton & Co., 
187s), of which Charles A. Dana, late Assistant Secretary of 
War, was editor, in Volume V., page 232, says: 'The Adjutant 
General of the Confederate army. Gen. S. Cooper, in a state- 
ment made since the close of hostilities, estimates the entire 
available Confederate forces capable of active service in the 
Held at 600.000. Of this number, not more than 400,000 were 
enrolled at any one time, and the Confederate States never 
had in the field at once more than 200,000 men.' 

"The letter of Gen. Cooper relating to this subject is pub- 
lished in Volume VII., page 287, of the 'Southern Historical 
Society Papers.' 

"Lieut. Col. Fo.x, of the United States army, in 'Losses in 
Civil War,' says ; 'The aggregate enrollment of the Confed- 
erate armies during the war, according to the best authorities, 
numbered over 600,000 effective men, of whom not over 400,- 
000 were enrolled at one time.' 

"This author also gives to the 'eleven States of the Confed- 
eracy a military population in i860 of 1,064,193, with which to 
confront 4,559,872 of the same class in the North.' Of this, 
600,000 were in the Confederate army and 86,009 in the L'nion, 
while the Confederate States received 19,000 from the border 
Stat"?, making 677,009 in both armies out of the 1,064,193 
men of the age of service in the South, and leaving 387,184 
for other duties, such as State government officials. Confed- 
erate government officials, railroad employees, ordnance and 
other manufacturers, and skulkers and invalids. It is a his- 
torical fact that many of the centers of population in the 
South soon fell into the hands of the Federal army. Thus, 
in Virginia, Alexandria was occupied the day after secession, 
Norfolk and Wheeling soon after, together with the whole of 
the western part of the State, and by the time the Confederate 
conscription act went into force many large cities were out 
of the control, of the Confederacy, and the circle gradually 



contracted until the end. Therefore, it is safe to say that the 
conscription act was never enforced in half of the most popu- 
lous part of the Confederate States. In the town of Alexan- 
dria, Va., for instance, five companies of infantry and one 
of artillery were organized in 1861. Alexandria's quota should 
not have been less than 1,000, according to the established 
rule ; but these companies numbered less than 500 men, most 
of them young men of from eighteen to twenty-five, and after 
the occupation by the Union soldiers very few reached the 
Confederate ranks. Of those who remained at home, many 
from necessity, having no other means of livelihood, served 
the Federal army in various capacities, such as teamsters, 
drovers, and laborers, and these are not estimated among 
those who enlisted in that army. These conditions existed in 
many parts of the South, so it will be seen that the estimates 
made by Northern authorities from the population of the 
South are not reliable, and that given by the authorities who 
were best able to judge must be received. 

"While it is a historical fact that we fought as a whole 
about five men to our one and that it took four years to con- 
quer us, and while the Northern men were better equipped, 
better armed, better clothed and fed, still it does not prove 
they were less brave, for they came from the same race of 
people [Except the foreigners and negroes, about 400,000. — • 
Ed.] ; but it does prove that they were without a cause and 
without leaders. A great leader will incite men to brave ac- 
tions even in a bad cause, but a noble cause will incite them 
to brave action without a leader. The attempt was made to 
convince the North that they fought for the Union, and some 
think so even now; but the truth is, if the Northern leaders 
had loved the Union as devotedly as did Davis, Stephens, 
Lee, and the Johnstons, war would have been impossible. 
What the North did fight for was a fanatical frenzy on the 
part of its leaders to free the negroes, in which nine-tenths 
of the men felt no interest, and on the part of the politicians 
and contractors to feather their nests. 

"On the other hand, the cause of the South could not be 
better stated than in General Order No. 16, to the Army of 
Northern Virginia, which says: 'Let every soldier remember 
that on his courage and fidelity depends all that makes life 
worth living — the freedom of his country, the honor of his 
people, and the security of his home.' 

"Could they fight for a better cause, and has not such a 
cause made men superhumanly brave in all ages? Did the 
North produce in their respective sphere men of such ex- 
traordinary military genius as Lee, Jackson, A. S. Johnston, 
Stuart, Forrest, and Mosby? No intelligent, candid North- 
ern man of to-day claims that it did. When I look at the 
snap judgments on posterity, statues to Northern generals 
(though most of them are Southern men) in Washington, 
I wonder how posterity will treat these outrages on justice. 
They will not find an impartial, competent military historian 
that will give to one of them, except, perhaps, McClellan, one 
particle of military genius. These I believe to be the true 
reasons for the long-delayed success of the Northern armies, 
notwithstanding their overpowering numbers and resources." 



Rev. P. D. Stephenson, of Woodstock, Va., corrects the 
statement made on page 586 of the December Veteran that 
he was chaplain of Govan's Brigade. He says he was only a 
private through the war. 

The one essential thing for each friend of the Veteran is 
to see to it that his subscription is paid in advance. 



^oofederate l/etcrap 



61 




/Ai' 



OILONEI. EVANS. 



Ky. Nor did we yet 



A WOMAN'S MEMORIES OF THE SIXTIES. 

Some Interesting Letters not Heretofore Published. 

by mrs. maria evans claiborne, st. louis, mo. 

The first of September, 1861, marked the real beginning of 
the Civil War for me. For it was on that date that my hus- 
band, Col. Mark L. Evans, left me and our happy home at 
Gonzales, Tex., to go to the war — and to his death on the 
battlefield. He had responded tn the second call for volunteers, 
and had received a commission to raise a company for Terry's 
Texas Rangers, a regiment of cavalry under the command 
of Col. Frank Terry, of Sugar Land, Fort Bend County, Tex. 
Of this command many brave men fell in battle, "foremost 
, in the fight," while others were spared to fortunate careers 
in civil life. Prominent among those who fell were the gal- 
lant Col. Terry, Lieut. Frank Batchelor, and Capt. A. G. Har- 
ris; while of the living left were Col. A. M. Shannon, of Gal- 
veston ; Capts. John R. Baylor, of Rockport ; Friend, of 

Cuero; and George Littlefield, of Austin. 

The Terry Rangers started for 
Richmond, Va., journeying first to 
Houston and thence to New Orleans. 
Arriving at the Crescent City, they 
were ordered instead to Kentucky, 
where they remained in camp for 
about two months, only a few skir- 
mishes occurring meanwhile. The 
prospect for a speedy peace, of which 
we were so confident at the outset, 
having proved delusive, early in De- 
cember I set out from Gonzales, Tex., 
lo join my husljand at Bowling (irccn, 
dream of a four years' war. 

At this time, December, 1861, all of the ports on the Gulf 
Coast of Mexico were blockaded by the Federals, and I had 
to go by land. There were but few railroads in Texas at 
that period, and I had to travel to Alleyton. fifty miles, by 
stage, that being then the terminus of what is now the South- 
ern Pacific Railroad. P'rom Alleyton I went to Houston, and 
thence to Beaumont by train. There I took a boat on the 
Natchez River to Niblett's BIufF, where I had again to jour- 
ney by stage through Louisiana to New Iberia, on the Bayou 
Teche. I went by boat again to Brashear City, and from 
thence to New Orleans by railway. This journey, long and 
tedious, I made alone with niy two small children. 

Arriving in New Orleans, we were glad indeed to rest 
for two weeks at tlie home of my mother tliere. The very 
sad news of the death of Col. Terry was received while there. 
He was killed in battle at WoodsonviDe, Ky., on December 17. 
An extract from my husband's letter, which conveyed the 
shocking news to me, will perhaps not be amiss, since it gives 
in its every word a faithful account of this first great loss 
in the regiment, bringing home to us the realization of what 
the conflict might mean for ourselves: 

"Headquarters Texas Rangers, 
* Camp Terry, near Cave City. 

December 19. 1861. 
"My Dear Wife: At the earliest moment practicable J 
hasten to lay before you a short report of our late battle, 
fought on Tuesday, the i"th, near Woodsonville, on Green 
River. On last Sunday our entire regiment was engaged in 
attacking the enemy's pickets along Green River, on a front 
of at least thirty-five miles. We killed five or six and took 
a good many guns, mules and horses, and pri>oners. On Tues- 



day last we started from here in advance of Gen. Hindman's 
Legion of Infantry, numbering two thousand, two hundred 
men, ninety cavalry from Mississippi, and our cavalry of 
Texas Rangers, numbering two hundred and eighty, for 
Green River. 

"The General brought a battery of four six-pounders. We 
reached Rowlett's Station, one mile from Green River, about 
11:30 A.M. Ice Jones and company were sent to the left to 
reconnoiter, and soon the firing was heard between these 
pickets and Jones's company, and in a few minutes Ice came 
galloping in and reported to Col. Terry that the enemy were 
coming up the hill on our left flank in force. Col. Terry seat 
him back to still keep watch of their movements and report 
from time to time. 

"By this time the firing got closer, and shot after shot 
was heard, and in a few minutes the shots appeared very 
close to us, and soon a shower of bullets came whistling 
over our heads, and the enemy came up in a hundred yards 
of us. Col. Terry raised his hat and waved it, and shouted: 
'Charge, my brave boys, charge !' I was close to him when 
he gave the command, and we all started at a gallop, the 
Colonel leading everybody. The enemy were posted in a 
thick skirt of black-jack on our left, about four hundred 
strong, and only about one hundred and twenty of us charged 
them, and such a charge ! The boys raised the yell, and every 
one dashed ahead upon the bright bayonets and right in the 
face of a hail of bullets. We routed them, shooting them 
down right and left and putting them to flight in every direc- 
tion. We charged right over them, and I never saw men fall 
as they did. One tried to run his bayonet into me, but was 
shot by Mr. Thomas, of Capt. Wharton's company. All the 
enemy, we found, were of the Thirty-Second Indiana. 

"Col. Terry made a desperate charge upon about a dozen, 
and fell dead, having received a ball in the chin and coming 
out in the back of his head. His horse was shot from under 
him about the same instant. I have the honor to know that 
I shot the Dutchman's brains out that killed him. I emptied 
my six-shooters into the crowd, and saw several fall dead. 




MRS. MAKIA EVANS CLAIBORNE. 



62 



QoF)federate l/eterap, 



"Poor Terry ! He was a gallant colonel, and won the ad- 
miration of everybody by his manly courage and by his kind 
heart and noble disposition. I got down and took hold of him 
and tried to raise him up, but he was a corpse and very 
much disfigured. I called up four men to help carry him oR 
the field. His son Dave was perfectly thunderstruck when he 
came up and saw his dead father, and he fell upon him and 
screamed as if his heart would break. It was a heartrending 
sight to see the Colonel's brains all shot out lying beside his 
dead horse, and others lying around, wounded and dead; and 
the enemy lying round, dead and wounded, and the wounded 
groaning and calling for water. 

"We routed them from their stronghold and were masters 
of the field. Capt. Ferrill fought them on the other side of 
the railroad and killed about thirty. We killed about twenty- 
five or thirty in our charge, and part of our men followed 
them up in the field and killed a good many. Our men were 
then called off and ordered to form again. The artillery was 
brought up and commenced playing on the enemy, and made 
lanes through their ranks. We threw shells at them, which 
did some execution. They threw three shells at us. One sung 
over my head and burst in the air in our rear. Two 
Arkansas companies of infantry engaged a part of their right 
flank and killed sixteen. Our killed were : Col. Terry, Corporal 
Dunn, of Company K, and Privates Beall and Lofton, of 
Company D. Lieut. Morris, Company K, was mortally 
vrounded; severely wounded, John Jackson, Capt. Walker, 
Company K. Capt. Ferrell fought a gallant fight and lost two 
men and seven horses. Capt. Walker had two horses shot, 
while there wa^ one horse shot in my company and Col. 
Terry's. It was a desperate and hard-fought battle, and lasted 
about one and three-quarters of an hour. I was in the thick- 
est of ithe fight, and had a chance to know for once what it 
is to be in a battle and to smell the smoke of 'the cannon's 
opening roar.' 

"All our boys fought gallantly, and every one showed that, 
he felt the reputation of Texas was at stake. That day 
added a bright page to the already wide fame of the Texas 
Rangers. But we have lost our Colonel, and many a sad 
heart and solemn face is in camp; and the whole army is 
awe-struck and grieved at our sad misfortune. 

"I was ordered by Gen. Hindman after the Colonel's death 
to take charge of the regiment, as I was the ranking officer 
in the field present, and I felt a heavy responsibility. But 
Maj. Harris has arrived from Bowling Green, and takes com- 
mand to-day. Gen. Johnston is sending a large force up to 
this place, and bloody work may be expected if the enemy 
come on this side of the river. They are reported to be 
thirty thousand strong. 

"Write to me soon and give my love to my friends. I will 
try to get to see you and my darling children soon. Your 
affectionate husband, M. L. Evans." 

The State of Louisiana being then under martial law, I 
was obliged before leaving the city to go before the provost 
marshal to be identified before I could obtain a passport 
out of New Orleans. Having secured this, I went from New 
Orleans to Columbia, Tenn., the home of my childhood and 
youth, my school days having been spent at the famous old 
schools, the Female Institute and the Tennessee Conference 
Female College. That I might continue to have the ad- 
vantages of these schools, upon my mother's change of 
residence to Texas, in 1853, I was left by her with her parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. Garrett L. Voorhies. My mother's three brothers 



were all supporters of the Confederate cause and closely 
identified with it, as their names (Col. William Milton Voor- 
hies, Rev. James G. Voorhies, and A. O. P. Nicholson) will 
recall. 

On January i, 1862, I left Columbia for Nashville to join 
my husband and to procure a boarding place nearer him. 
This we found in the pleasant country home of Mr. .William 
Shaw, about ten miles out of the city, and a mile or two from 
the Gallatin Pike. Mr. Shaw was then the sheriff of David- 
son County, and his lovely home was in a beautiful valley sur- 
rounded on all sides by high hills. While there the sad 
news came that the Federals had attacked Fort Donelson, 
on the Cumberland River, and a bloody battle was being fought. 
We could hear distinctly the booming of the cannon. It 
sounded like a terrible thunderstorm in the distance. 

The result was the fall of Fort Donelson and the loss of 
many lives, while many were taken prisoners. Then came the 
awful news that the Confederate army in Kentucky was fall- 
ing back into Tennessee, and soon could be heard the rumbling 
of the artillery and the heavy army wagons on the Gallatin 
turnpike. Many hearts ached, and every face showed it. 
Our next news was that Gallatin had been burned by the 
Federals. There was much an.xiety on every hand. 

Under these conditions I feared that I might be left within 
the Federal lines ; and to add to my anxiety, I had with me a 
brother ill with rheumatism caused from exposure in the army. 
Mr. Shaw kindly offered to convey me and my brother, H. 
Clay Evans, across the Cumberland River to Nashville. We 
gladly accepted his kindness, and within an hour my brother 
and I, with my two small children and our baggage, were 
piled by Mr. Shaw into an express wagon, he accompanying 
us, and hurried away over the rugged roads. 

Soon we came to the turnpike, and just in sight came a 
long line of army ambulances, the sick and wounded from 
the hospitals at Bowling Green, Ky. — a gloomy sight indeed. 
Just as they had passed us, we saw several men approaching 
in Federal uniforms, and with them one of the men who had 
been sent out for information. As they reached us this man 
spoke to us and said : "You see I am in the hands of Federal 
officers." This so shocked and grieved me that I could not 
restrain my feelings, and I began to weep, when one of the 
ofliicers spoke up gravely: "That is too severe a joke." Then 
he assured me that they were Confederates, and had only 
fortunately captured some Federal clothing, and introduced 
himself to me as none other than the "Rebel, John Morgan." 

After thus relieving my fears, Gen. Morgan, knightly sol- 
dier that he was, kindly offered to escort me himself safely 
into Nashville. He informed me that they were the rear 
guard of Johnston's army, the procession of the sick and 
wounded which we had just viewed being the last to proceed. 
And so. Gen. Morgan leading the way, we once more went 
on our journey, reaching Nashville in a few hours. Arriving 
there, we found the streets so crowded that we could scarcely 
make our way through ; but Gen. Morgan's presence open- 
ing the way, we found it less difficult again because of his 
valuable assistance. 

The scenes of this memorable day I can never forget. Wa 
saw Gen. Forrest's command as they came in from Fort 
Donelson after their terrible battle and their long march 
through mud and water ; it was a pitiful sight that I shall 
always remember. From the veranda of the St. Cloud Hotel, 
as we passed it, we saw Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston address- 
ing the army and giving his marching orders. Among the 
regiments drawn up in line for these orders, and ready, every 



Qopfederate Ueterai). 



63 



man of them, to obey, were the Terry Texas Rangers, who 
at that moment, to my proud, anxious heart, seemed of all 
that body of brave men the bravest and the best. 

We found it difficult to secure a lodging place, being 
obliged to seek one hotel after another, finding every one filled 
to overflowing, until finally we reached the Planters', where, 
although at that time but a third-class hostelry, I felt very 
fortunate in finding a comfortable stopping place for the 
night. There I parted with gallant John Morgan and my 
good friend, Mr. Shaw, thanking them both for their valued 
services. 

In Nashville all business was suspended, of course, every 
house closed, and all was excitement. I had failed to find 
among the crowds that thronged the streets the one face ot 
all for which I was looking, and it was not until the next 
morning that I saw my husband. Standing out on the little 
veranda outside my room and looking out upon the crowd 
of soldiers that filled the street below me, I recognized my 
husband at a little distance from me. He had passed my hotel 
and his back was to me; but seeing the Texas star on his 
liat, and sure that it was he, I called to him aloud, "Mark ! 
Mark I" 

Turning quickly in the direction of my voice, he saw me 
waving, and rode back to me. He had left his regiment on 
the early evening before, riding all night that he might be in 
time to see me safely across the Cumberland River and 
within the Confederate lines. He arrived at Mr. Shaw's 
only about an hour after we left. Passing over our joyful 
meeting, mingled as it was with the shadows of impending 
disaster and all the nameless sorrows of war, our stay in 
Nashville was short, being but one night and the day follow- 
ing. The city was in great confusion, every one fleeing who 
could get means of conveyance. Not a vehicle of any kind 
but had already been pressed into service. 

It was on Sunday when the first news came that our army 
in Kentucky was falling back into Tennessee. Many were at 
church, and the first news was announced by the ministers 
from their pulpits. The people were almost instantly wild, 
many going from church to the stations at once. Train after 
train was sent out heavily loaded with refugees. Among 
these a great many were the students from the many schools 
of the city and the section surrounding it, many going di- 
rectly to trains without packing trunks or taking a meal — 
no one thinking of sleep that night. Then indeed 
"There was hurrying to and fro. 
And lips all pale." 

On the river, throughout the blackness of the night, there 
burned a broken line of red fire from boat to boat of all the 
many stored with commissary supplies, which had been set 
afire and floated down the river. Leaving Nashville, I went 
with my children for a few days back to my old home at 
Columbia until my husband should arrive with his regiment. 
All along the way down as we journeyed we saw stationed 
at the bridges the men who, at a moment's warning, were to 
set fire to them. And even as we passed, like electric signals 
in the distance, we could see the smoke of the burning 
bridges, over which we had just passed in safety. This was 
the case as far as Franklin. 

Fri ni Columbia I journeyed with my husband and our 
children by railway to Decatur, Ala. The army was arriving 
there on the Tennessee River in large forces daily, moving 
on down to Corinth, Miss., where, it was thought, a stand 
would be made, as the Federals, many thousands strong, were 
landing near luka. When I passed Corinth on my journey 



homeward toward New Orleans, there were thirty-five or 
forty thousand encamped around the town, the camps ex- 
tending for miles. It was one grand military camp of in- 
fantry, cavalry, and artillery. On every side the accouter- 
ments of war — locomotives and army wagons, horses, pack 
mules, ambulances, and cannon — were everywhere to be seen, 
■with stores of deadly cannon balls and shells of every kind. 

From Decatur I went direct to New Orleans, where I re- 
-ceived the news from Shiloh in a brief telegram from my 
Tiusband, dated April 9, which read : "Just in from the battle- 
field. Safe." On the same date he wrote me concerning the 
battle. 

[Here follows a long, interesting account of the battle, 
which may be used later. — Ed. Veteran.] 

Before I could reply to this letter I received a telegram 
from my husband, stating that he would be one of the military 
escort to accompany to New Orleans Gen. Johnston's remains, 
•which would arrive on the next day, the loth of April. As 
will be remembered, the remains of the distinguished com- 
mander lay in state in the city hall in New Orleans, after 
which they were placed temporarily in Mayor Monroe's vault, 
being removed after the war to Austin, Tex., and buried in 
the State Capitol grounds. 

Passing over the grand military funeral given by the city 
of New Orleans as a last honor to the lamented Gen. Johnston, 
the greatest spectacle of sorrow I ever witnessed, my stay in 
New Orleans was shortened by the threatened attack on Fort 
Jackson, on the Mississippi River just below the city. It 
was reported that the Federals were firing on this fort, and, 
all news being suppressed, we decided that Texas would be a 
safer refuge, so we started once luore homeward over the ter- 
rible route we had traveled a few months before. 

So on the morning of April 18, 1862, we left New Orleans. 
That evening the Federal gunboats arrived under Farragut, 
and New Orleans had fallen. We had but barely escaped the 
triumphal entry of Ben Butler, and fortunate we were to have 
escaped his merciless rule. Back again to our home in Gon- 
zales, Tex., we journeyed from New Orleans, my husband 
accompanying us on the journey. Arriving there, my husband 
could remain but a few days with us to see us safely settled, 
when he was obliged to hurry from us again to join his regi- 
ment. It was on the ist of May that he left on his return trip, 
which proved to be a long and tedious one. It was the 31st of 
May that I had word from him that he had reached Vicks- 
burg. Miss., at which point he had crossed the Mississippi, 
landing just as two gunboats of the enemy appeared in sight 
and fired upon one of the Confederate batteries; but receiving 
no reply, they retired, "it being evident," he wrote, "that they 
were only trying to get the range of our guns. But in this 
they failed." The greater part of this trying journey by my 
husband and two or three companions was made in an open 
skiff on the river, each taking a turn at the oars. In this 
way they made all the way from Monroe La., to Vicksburg, 
the country all being then under water. 

Letters now came less often even than before; for the Fed- 
eral lines separated us, and they had always to come by hand, 
as chance might afTord an opportunity now and then of a 
hasty note's being intrusted to soine soldier returning home. 
By a friend so returning my husband sent me late in Septem- 
ber, 1862, a few hurried lines written in pencil on two leaves 
torn from his sinall memorandum book. Long before he had 
written me on the 17th of June from Camp Lookout : "We 
have plenty of good water, but hard living. Nothing but 



64 



Qopfederate UeteraQ. 



flour, bacon, and beans. The coffee and sugar are played out. 
None to be had, and the boys are learning to do without." 

Week followed week, and no letters. Nothing to break the 
desolate silence, until finally news came — vague, conflicting 
rumors only — that my husband had been wounded, how 
severely no one could tell certainly. Some cheered me with 
the assurance that he was only slightly wounded and that he 
would soon return home; others were sure that he had been 
wounded mortally. Every one showed tenderest sympathy: 
but it was hard to know whom to believe, so conflicting were 
the reports received. Finally one desolate day there came a 
letter, short and simply worded. It read: 

"Harrodsburg, Kv., October 21, 1862. 
"Mrs. Evans, Dear Madam: It has fallen to my lot to in- 
form you of the melancholy fate of your lamented husband, 
and may God help you and give you fortitude in your bereave- 
ment. 

"Capt. Evans was ordered into the battle of Perryville on 
the 8th inst. to charge a battery, which he did most gallantly. 
But he received a fatal wound in the head by a Minie ball 
which fractured his skull. He was brought to my home, 
where he had good attention until the i8th inst, when at 
forty minutes past six he expired. He lay in a drowsy state 
all the time, and never opened his eyes; he talked very little, 
and his talk was like a man who is very drowsy. His Masonic 
brothers helped to get his coffin and to bury him. He and 
Col. McDaniel, of Georgia, were buried at the same time. 
Their bodies now lie in the Masonic grounds, where they can 
be removed. 

"Anything that you would desire me to do shall be done 
with pleasure. Most truly your friend, B. Mills." 

"Note.— The Indian boy [Capt. Evans's body servant] at- 
tended him most faithfully. My wife has his clothes, a ring, 
and a lock of his hair, which will all be kept for you. His 
brother and some friends remained with him for three days, 
when the enemy came and they left him in my charge. 

B. Mills." 
Following this painful letter, a few weeks later came another 
from my husband's warm friend and comrade, Lieut. Frank 
Batchelor, the details of which giving so vivid a picture of 
war and its horrors, I have been moved to quote from it that 
portion which describes the scene of my husband's death: 

"The painful task is mine to inform you of the death of 
your dear husband, Maj. Mark L. Evans, who died at Har- 
rodsburg, Ky., in October, last, of wounds received while 
gallantly leading a charge of the Texas Rangers in the battle 
of Perryville. I was with him but a few minutes before he was 
shot. The enemy had turned a battery upon us to cover the 
retreat of some of their cavalry, who were falling back before 
our skirmishers. One of their shells burst near my horse, 
causing him to spring round so suddenly that my girth broke 
and threw me to the ground. Our regiment was now ordered 
to retire before the enemy's galling fire ; l)ut Evans, seeing my 
situation, stopped till I had refixed my saddle and remounted, 
when we rode at swift gallop till we reached the regiment. 
Just then we were ordered to charge the enemy, strongly 
posted on a hill. I rode to my company, while he went to his 
post as major, acting as lieutenant colonel of the regiment. 
He had been major, in fact, since the resignation of Lieut. 
Col. Walker, though his promotion had not been declared 
officially. 

"We were thus separated, and I did not see him again 
during the charge. After it was over a soldier told me that 
he was killed T iinmpdiatplv started back, determined to 



bring off his body, but was met by one of our company, who 
told me that he was not dead, but mortally wounded and in- 
sensible ; that Lieut. J. W. Baylor had taken him from the 
field, and that he would not live many minutes. Our company 
had but one commissioned officer besides myself, and I could 
not leave it, so I sent his brother Clay with two others to 
see that everything was done that could be and not to leave 
him. This they did, and got an ambulance and took him to 
Harrodsburg, in advance of our retiring army, to the house 
of a Mrs. Mills, who rendered every assistance dictated by 
sympathy and kindness. He was struck by a large-sized 
musket ball just above the right temple and ranged over the 
skull, tearing the flesh out some four inches and a half in 
length by one in width and leaving the skull bare and slightly 
fractured. 

"The morning we left Harrodsburg I called to see him for 
the last time, and assisted in dressing his wounds. The sur- 
geon told me that there was hardly room for hope ; but I could 
not bear to write you till I could give encouragement to hope 
or be forced to state the worst. I therefore delayed this letter 
till the announcement of your husband's death appeared in 
the Louisville papers. 

"I found Mark entirely sensible, but so stunned by his 
wound that he spoke only when roused up, and then in mono- 
syllables. The physicians forbade talking upon any subject 
likely to excite him, so nothing passed between us about 
home." 

And so alone, among strangers, neither brother nor com- 
rade with him, my husband died, his life a sacrifice to the 
cause that he so bravely defended, because he was so strongly 
convinced of its justness. His history thus early brought to 
an untimely end was not sadder than that of many another on 
both sides of that contending army that marked its passage 
with the ashes of desolatioiL Wherever they rise — those "low, 
green tents whose curtains never outward swing" — "let us 
deck the turf that wraps their clay with our prayers and 
hopes that they lived not in vain." 






MRS. W. CARLETON ADAMS, MEMPHIS, 

Author of *' Slave Monument Question " in Veteran for November, 1904. 



Qopfederat^ Uecerai). 



65 



MAJ. HUSE, OF THE SECRET SERVICE. 

Mr. J. S. Rogers, of 574 Warren Street, Boston, in a circu- 
lar publishes tlie following : "In the summer of 1903 two 
friends of Maj. Huse were hospitably entertained by him at 
his charming home, 'The Rocks,' on the Hudson, near West 
Point, and during their visit were treated to a recital of 
some of his experiences as agent in Europe for purchasing 
army supplies for the Confederate States during the War 
between the States. I was so impressed by this unique bit 
of history that I succeeded in inducing him to write of it." 

Mr. Rogers has issued a pamphlet account that he will 
furnish at twenty-five cents per copy. The narration states : 

"When I arrived in England the Confederate States gov- 
ernment was already represented by Hon. William L. Yancey, 
Commissioner to England, and Judge Rest, of New Orleans. 
Commissioner to France. Later Hon. L. Q. C. Lamar, after- 
wards United States Secretary of the Interior, and later still 
Justice of the United States Supreme Court, was appointed 
Commissioner to Russia; but he went no farther than Paris, 
and returned to Richmond before the end of the war. Com- 
mander James D. Bulloch, previously of the United Slates 
navy, whose sister was the mother of President Roosevelt, 
was in charge of all naval matters. Messrs. Fraser, Trenholm 
& Co., of Liverpool, were the fiscal agents. None of the 
representatives of the Confederate government required much 
money in the discharge of his duties e.\ccpt Commander Bul- 
loch and myself. We were both to look to Fraser, Trenholm 
& Co. for all the money we were to expend, as indeed were 
all the diplomatic agents. 

"The fiscal system was, almost of necessity, of the most 
simple character. Fraser, Trenholm & Co., of Liverpool, 
John Fraser & Co., of Charleston. S. C. and Trenholm 
Bros., of New York, were practically one concern, and the 
senior member of John Eraser & Co., Mr. William Tren- 
holm, became Confederate States Secretary of the Treasury 
early in the war. Mr. Wellsman, senior member of Tren- 
holm Bros., in New York, joined the Liverpool house, the 
senior member and manager of which was Charles K. Prioleau, 
formerly of Charleston. There was no loan to negotiate, 
for the Confederacy- — recognized only as belligerents — had no 
credit among nations, and no system of taxation by which it 
could hope to derive any revenue available for purchasing 
supplies abroad. But it possessed a latent purchasing power 
such as probably no other government in history ever had. 

"1 he cotton crop of its people was a prime necessity for 
tlic manufacturing world outside; and for want of machinery 
was utterly valueless in all the Southern States except Georgia, 
where there were a few small factories. Almost immediately 
after the outbreak of hostilities the Confederate authorities 
began to buy cotton, paying in such 'money' as it had — that 
is to say, its own promises to pay whenever it could. Some 
of these promises bore interest and were called bonds; some 
bore no interest, and these constituted the currency of the 
country. 

"The cotton, as it lay on the plantations or in the ware- 
houses, was for sale, and the government was almost the 
only buyer. To all others there was a difficulty, amounting 
almost to impossiliility, in getting cotton to market. Some 
no doubt was smuggled across the border, to the advantage 
of 'patriots' of each side; but this outlet for a bulky article 
like cotton was altogether inadequate, and practically every 
one was compelled by the very condition of affairs, without 
the application of even moral force, to sell to the government 
and receive in payment the best that the government had to 
offer — namely, its own promises to pay — which, whether 
9** 



stated as a condition of the promise or not, could not be made 
good till after the favorable close of the war. If the South 
failed, the promises would be valueless; if it succeeded, the 
obligations would be met as promptly as possible. The 
situation was accepted by the people, and the government 
acquired cotton and shipped it to Nassau, Bermuda, and 
Havana as fast as it could. 

"To get cotton through the blockading squadron called for 
daring and skill ; but there seems to have been no lack of 
either, and it was not long before every steam vessel that could 
carry even a few bales and was seaworthy enough to reach 
Nassau was ready with a crew on board, eager to slip out 
any dark night and run to a neutral port, generally Nassau. 

"For a long time this traffic went on almost without a 
capture, and the Confederate government not only deposited 
in places of safety large quantities of a commodity in general 
demand throughout the world, but also had the satisfaction 
of seeing its property advance rapidly in value as the war 
went on and its necessities increased. The cotton thus shipped 
was all consigned to Fraser, Trenholm & Co., Liverpool, and 
the consignments for the army, navy, and diplomatic depart- 
ments were carefully kept separate. There was, therefore, 
no clashing of interests between the army and navy as to 
disposition of proceeds. The requirements for the diplomatic 
agents were trifling compared with those of the army for sup- 
plies and the navy for building, equipping, and manning ships. 

"I had not been long in England before the sinews of war 
began to be available, and I found myself able to meet my 
engagements in a manner entirely satisfactory to my creditors. 
To buy supplies was simple enough ; but to ship them was 
another matter. As was to be expected, detectives employed 
by the United Slates government, as well as volunteer spies. 
were about me. Efl^orts were made to intercept telegrams 
and to tamper with employees, but few of these attempts at 
stopping Confederate army supplies were succes.sful. 

"One success scored by the United States was the capture 
of the Stephen Hart, a schooner of .American build, but pur- 
chased by an English house and put under the British flag 
for Confederate use. . . . After the Stephen Hart episode 
all army supplies were carried by steamer cither to a Con- 
federate port direct or to Nassau or Bermuda. There was 
little difficulty in chartering steamers to carry supplies to 
'The Islands.' Gener.TlIy both ship and cargo belonged in 
good faith to British subjects, and, as the voyage was from 
one British port to another, the entire business was as lawful 
as a similar .shipment would have been from London to 
Liverpool. . . . 

"During the first two years the captures were so infrequent 
that, it may he safely stated, never before was a government 
at war supplied with arms, munitions, clothing, and medicines 
with so little money as was paid by the Confederacy. The 
shipment from England to the Lslands in ordinary tramp 
steamers, the landing and storage there, and the running of 
the blockade cost money; but all that was needed came from 
cotton practically given to the Confederate government by 
its ow'ners. 

"The supplies were in every instance bought at the lowest 
cash prices by men trained in the work as contractors for the 
British army. No credit was asked. Merchants having needed 
supplies were frankly told that our means were limited, and 
our payments would be made by checks on Fraser. Trciiliohu 
& Co., Liverpool, an old, established, and conservative house. 
The efTect of such buying was to create confidence on the 
part of the sellers, which made them more anxious to sell 
than were we to purchase. When the end came and some 



66 



Qopfederate l/eterarj. 



of tile largest sclk-rs wi-rc riiiiu'd, I never heard a word of 
complaint of tlieir being overreached or in any manner treated 
unfairl}'. As long as the system thns described continued the 
South not only equipped an army able to cope with tlie 
colossal forces constantly advancing upon it, but it accom- 
plished this without distressing its people with taxes. . . . 

"But the supply of acceptable arms was not equal to the 
demand. The civilized powers had but recently been equip])cd 
with modern arms. The United Stales had the Springfield; 
l-'ngland had the Enfield, which was practically the same as 
the Springfield ; Austria had a rille bearing a close re- 
semblance to both and of about the same calilier. Austria 
had a ciMisiderable quantity on hand, and these an inter- 
mediary proposed I should buy. 

"I knew something of the armanu'iit of Austria, having 
visited Vienna in 1859 with a letter from the United States 
War Department which gave me some facilities for observa- 
tion. At first I considered the getting of anything from an 
imperial Austrian arsenal as chimerical. But my would-be 
intermediary was so persistent that finally I accompanied 
him to Vienna, and within a few days closed a contract for 
one hundred thousand rifles of the latest Austrian pattern 
and ten batteries, of six pieces each, of field artillery, with 
harness complete, ready for service, and a quantity of am- 
munition, all to be delivered on ship at Hamburg. The 
I'niled States Minister, ]\Ir. Motley, protested in vain. He 
was told that the making of arms was an important industry 
of Austria; that the same arms had been offered to the United 
States and declined, and that, as belligerents, the Confederate 
States were, by the usage of nations, lawful buyers. How- 
ever unsatisfactory this answer may have been to Washing- 
ton, the arms were delivered, and in due time were shipped 
to Bermuda from Hamburg. Mr. Motley offered to buy 
the whole consigjniient, but was too late. The Austrian gov- 
ernment declined to break faith with the purchasers. . . . 

"The fourth year of the war saw an end of the struggle, 
not only because of the immense superiority of the North in 
men and material but also on account of a change of policy 
in securing supplies. For a long time there were no con- 
tractors between the European sources o^f supply and the 
great consumer, the army. Cotton, the only article of value 
to the outside world, passed into possession of the govern- 
ment continuously and without friction, and was landed in 
Nassau — exceptionally in Bermuda — with no back charges 
due. Every shilling that a bale was worth as it lay at the 
landing place was so much to the credit of the War or Navy 
Department with Eraser, Trenholm & Co., of Liverpool, and 
was available as soon as the arrival was announced by mail 
via New York. There were literally no leaks. . . . But 
in the latter stages of the war contracts with the government 
began to appear. These contracts, made in Richmond, were 
generally a sort of partnership affair by which the contractor, 
usually an English company, shared equally the freighting 
capacity of each blockade runner." 



ll'ITH WALTHALL AT NASHVILLE. 

nV E. W. TARRANT, BONHAM, TEX. 

In looking at the handsome face of the "Chevalier 
Bayard" of the Army of Tennessee, Maj. Gen. Walthall, which 
adorns the frontispiece of the October Veteran, I am re- 
minded of an incident in the battle of Nashville. December 
15, 1S64, which I yet love to think of. Trueheart's Battalion 
of Artillery, composed of the three Alabama batteries of 
Lumsden, Lovelace, and Tarrant, were assigned positions on 
the extreme left of our army, and, as these batteries were 



attached to WallhaH's Division, we were under his personal 
observation. The writer was in command of two Parrott 
guns stationed on an eminence just to the right of Granny 
White Pike. We had not even as much infantry support as 
is reported by Sergt. Maxwell in his accurate and interesting 
account of Lumsdeii's Battery in that battle, and my instruc- 
tions were to hold my position at all hazards. With no in- 
fantry support we had for an hour and a half kept a dcnible 
line of Federal infantry at bay in our immediate front, when 
we discovered that our forces on the left were falling back 
in great disorder and were closely pursued by the enemy. 
When our ammunition was almost exhausted and the wheel 
horses to one of my guns had been shot down, a courier from 
Maj. Trueheart dashed up with orders for me to "limber up 
my guns and get them away as soon as possible." I could 
only partially obey orders, so I spiked one gun and started 
the other to the rear; but it had not gone more than a hun- 
dred yards when one of the wheel horses was shot down, 
Sergt. Neilson and Private Wright were killed, and the gun 
brought to a dead halt against the stump of a locust three. 
Coming up to the gun just at this time and finding it aban- 
doned, I spiked it and pushed on to get together my scattered 
men and horses. Seeing Gen. Walthall just ahead of me, 
with tears in my eyes on account of the loss of my guns and 
fearing a reproof from him, I rode alongside and, saluting 
him, said : "General, I held my position until I was ordered 
to retire, but it was too late to save my guns." Instead of 
getting a withering rebuke, as I had feared, he in the kind- 
est manner possible consoled me for my loss, and said that 
he saw my position, that I had done everything that a man 
could do, and that he had no fault to find with me. Is it a 
wonder that I revere his memory? 



STORIES OF SCOUT SERVICE. 
Capt. John H. Lester, of Deming, N. Mex., was born and 
reared in Lauderdale County, Ala. He joined the Florence 
Guards, the first company raised in Lauderdale County for 
service in the Confederate army. The company was ordered 
to Pensacola, Ela., and made part of the Seventh Alabama 
Infantry. From Pensacola they were sent to Bowling Green. 
Ky., under Gen. A S. Johnston. Their term of enlistment 

i_ having expired. Pri- 

vate Lester went back 
to Lauderdale County 
and assisted in or- 
ganizing a company of 
cavalry. He was 
elected lieutenant and 
shortly after captain. 
.At first they were a 
part of the Fourteenth 
Battalion of Alabama 
Cavalry, which was 
merged into the 
Seventh A 1 a b a m a 
(cavalry) under J. 
C. Malone, colonel. 
It was afterwards 
changed to the Ninth. 
In the fall of 1862 the 
regiment was assigned 
to Gen. Wheeler's 
command, and served 
with it to the close 




CAPT. J. H. LESTER, 



Qoijfederate l/eterajj. 



67 



of the war. Capt. Lester did not surrender, but left with 
Gen. Wlicclcr for Texas; 1nit afterwards returned to liis 
home in Alabama, and from tliere to his present home, in 
Deniing, N. Mex. 

After the fall of Atlanta, and up to the time of the P.enton- 
ville fight, Capt. Lester was in command of scouts operating 
on Sherman's flank and rear, and naturally had some close 
calls with the enemy. 

In writing of these for the Veter.\n. he says: 

"The secret of success in war, 'Get there first with the 
most men,' is a saying attributed to the 'Wizard of the Sad- 
dle,' Gen. N. B. Forrest. Rut it was not always necessary to 
have the most men, if you could only .B:et there first. 

"In February, 1S65, I had command of scouts in South 
Carolina. I operated inside the Federal lines, and had only 
twelve men. I was in the rear of Sherman's arnij', about 
fifty miles north of Columbia. One afternoon I stopped at 
a negro quarter and ordered dinner. We had been there 
only a few minutes when I saw some Yankees about 
half a mile from us filing off the main road on the op- 
posite side of the road from us. I sent a sergeant and 
four men to follow them, while I, with the seven others, 
crossed the main road and went through the woods to inter- 
sect the road the Yankees had taken. When we reached the 
road they had taken, I saw four or five about one himdred 
yards ahead just going over a hill. We spurred our horses 
into a run, and when they saw us coming they threw sometlnng 
from Ihoir horses, moved off at full speed, and disappeared 
over the hill. When we got to the top of the hill 1 saw alvnn 
eighty yards from me a lane full of Yankees. I looked back 
and saw that 1 had only three men in sight, one at my side 
and two others only a few feet behind. As we were going 
at full speeil. 1 saw in a moment that there was only one thing 
that would give us success, 'To get there first,' as they had 
the nwst men. I said, 'Boys, we are in for it ; commence 
shooting and yelling;' and there never were four men that did ' 
faster shooting or louder yelling. 

"The Yankees were jammed in a narrow lane not more 
than twenty feet wide, and were so badly excited they did not 
fight nor run until we got in forty yards of them. They 
broke and ran without firing a sliot ; some got oft' their horses, 
jumped the fence, and ran into the woods. The others of my 
men soon came up and took charge of the several prisoners : 
the others wc ran five miles into their camp. Wc then re- 
tiu'ued to gather up the meat, flour, bacon, and hats they had 
thrown away. The prisoners captured said there were only 
a lieutenant and thirty-two men, but they made the big- 
gest show for thirty-three men I saw during the four years 
of war. 

"Operating inside of the enemy's lines, it was necessary at 
times to 'play Yankees' and very necessary at other times to 
be 'Confederalcs.' I usually instructed my men as to whether 
we .should be Confederate or Federal; and as we had Yankee 
saddles and overcoats (our coats were dyed black), we read- 
ily passed for Yankees. I w-as, one day, close to the rear of 
Sherman's army ;nid stopped at a house to make some in- 
nuiry. The 'S'ankees had left a few moments before I came 
In the house. After making the inquiry I saw the proprietor 
curiously eye us for a moment and then approach Bob Gris- 
by, one of my scouts. 'Are you men Southern or Northern 
soldiers?' Bob hesitated a moment and, as he could not re- 
member what instruction had been given, said : 'Mister, to tell 
you the fact, we liavc been so mixed up lately d — nic if I 
know-.' " 



In illustration of the risk men would take for a house and 
bed when extremely exhausted, Capt. Lester states: 

On one occasion in South Carolina, while in the rear of 
Sherman's army, I wished to locate the position of the enemy. 
As it was necessary to go into the enemy's camp to get the 
desired information, I took only one man with me. I 
sent the sergeant with the other scouts to a place several 
miles away to await me. As I was longer getting the 
information than I expected, and at nine o'clock I was 
still eight or ten miles from my camp, I decided to stop 
for the night at the first house. The house was about two 
miles in the rear of Sherman's army, on the road he had 
traveled that day. The proprietor asked me who wc were, 
and I said, 'Confederate scouts.' He then informed me that 
two Yankees had just gone to bed in the house, and the only 
vacant room joined the one occupied by the Yankees. I said : 
'It makes no difference to me; I will not disturb them if Ihev 
will let me alone until morning.' After hiding pur horses in 
the woods, wc went to our room, locked the door, went to 
bed, and did not wake until after sunup the next morning. 
We prepared for action, went downstairs, and met our host 
in the hall, when he informed us that the Yankees had just 
gone without breakfast, as he had advised them that we were 
in the house. Wc had a good breakfast and left. 

"In the summer of 1864 I \vas with my company in Lauder- 
dale County. Just north of the Tennessee River were the 
F'ederals, the river being the dividing line. I was camped 
some four or five miles from Ro.gersville, with eight or ton 
of my men. One morning I called for a volunteer to go with 
me on a scout in the direction of Rogersville. Bob Porter 
responded. At Allen Sholar's farm, about a mile from town, 
we rode down a small hill thickly covered with saplings. 
When we got to the foot of the hill, I saw sixty or ei.ghty 
Federal cavalry dismounted about fifty yards from me. Some 
were at the blacksmith shop having their horses shod, and 
the others were lying and sitting on the ground near by. 
As I was too close to make a successful retreat, I decided to 
try a 'bluff'.' I ordered my command (men) to forward! 
Come up on the left! (in a loud voice for the benefit of the 
Yankees, to give them a chance to retreat). I saw in a 
moment that they were badly surprised and very much ex- 
cited. To give them a little more excitement, we charged our 
horses over the saplings to make as much noise as possible. 
Porter said : 'Look here. Captain, let's get aw-ay from here.' 

"As the Yankees were retreating, and my object accom- 
plished, 1 withdrew my forces in good order. One Yankee, 
under the excitement, left his horse hitched to the fence. 
I learned the next day that they did not stop nmning until 
they got to Rogersville and reported that they had been at- 
tacked by a large force of bushwhackers. They returned that 
afternoon in force, one regiment of infantry, one regiment 
of cavalry, and a battery of artillery, and ventured three miles 
from town, shelling the woods as they advanced ; and then 
returned to Rogersville, satisfied with the victory won." 

To complete his volumes of the 'Vf.tekan he paid as high as 
three dollars for single copies. These stories illustrate the 
peculiar characteristics of even hardened soldiers who be- 
come "panic-stricken" wdien there is but little occasion for 
alarm. Cajit. Lester has shown appreciation of the Veter.\n 
second to no other patron. 



Mn.iT.vRY Record of Ark.\ns.\ns. — A correspondent writes : 
"No State in the Confederacy furnished more soldiers or bet- 
ter ones in proportion to population than .\rkansas.' Her niili- 



68 



C;opfederate l/eterai}, 



tary population, as it is termed, in i860 was sixty-five thou- 
sand, two hundred and thirteen. Of this number, she gave to 
the Confederacy sixty-five regiments and fourteen battalions 
of infantry, eleven regiments and two battalions of cavalry, 
one regiment of mounted riflemen, five regiments of State 
militia, and one battalion of artillery. There was not a promi- 
nent battlefield from the Mississippi to the Blue Ridge Moun- 
tains on the east, or from the Mississippi to the border line 
of battle in the west, that was not stained with the blood of 
her gallant sons.'' 



CoxcER.xiXG THE B.\TTLE OF N.ASHviLi.E. — Comrade W. H. 
Kearney, of Trezevant, Tenn., says : "Just forty years ago 
to-day — December 16. 1904 — in the evening my command, the 
Sixteenth Tennessee Infantry, was in line of battle at Nash- 
ville. We were on the left of our army. We had been con- 
tinually extending to the left until our line was but little 
more than a thin line of skirmishers. Our last move brought 
us on top of a slight hill in the woods, where we formed a 
line of battle. In a few moments we saw two Federal officers 
ride up on top of a high hill in front of us and point to our 
lines. We suspected what was coming, and were not long 
kept in suspense. A battery soon opened on us with shell. We 
could see but a short distance to our right, but we could 
hear enough to convince us that they were having trouble over 
there also. In the meantime the battery was getting our 
range down to a fine point. The boys would naturally dodg^' 
as they began to get closer to us. Lieut. Col. Harris was in 
command, and he would storm out at us for dodging. Just 
then one of the men called out. 'Look yonder. Colonel !' point- 
ing to our left and rear, showing an old field full of Yankees 
marching around us. The Colonel never thought any more 
about dodging shells, but yelled out, 'Boys, every fellow for 
himself!' and we went. That was forty years ago, but it 
makes me tired yet to think how I went." 



COBB'S BATTERY NOT CAPTURED AT SHILOH. 

In that portion of the Government Building at the St. 
Louis World's Fair set apart for displaying pictures of the 
national parks of various battlefields the following is found 
on the picture of the Shiloh Park: "Eleventh Iowa, Hare'.^ 
First Brigade, McClernand's Division. This regiment was 
engaged here with the Eleventh and Twelfth Illinois, about 
noon April 6, 1862, in the capture of Cobb's Kentucky Battery 
of six guns. The regiment advanced about three hundred 
\ards, captured a standard from the enemy, and then fell 
Iiack, fighting, to Jones's field." 

The attention of Capt. Cobb, who is yet living at Wichita 
Falls, Tex., was called to this bit of perverted history, and 
he makes the following statement : "The foregoing is about 
the substance of what Gen. McClernand wrote in his report 
of the battle. The high rank of the author of that report 
furnishes one reason why I, as commander of the Kentucky 
battery referred to, feel called upon to make a positive denial 
of the statement that Cobb's Battery was captured on the 
occasion referred to; and if it is intended by the expression, 
'capturing a standard,' that it was the battery standard, I 
must add that we carried no fiag (or standard) on that day, 
and had none for a long time after — not, indeed, until one 
was presented to the company by the wife of Gen. S. B. 
Buckner, and that one is now in the possession of Mrs. Irene 
Gracey, widow of Capt. Frank P. Gracey, of Clarksville, Tenn., 
who succeeded me as captain upon my promotion to the rank 
of major of artillery, February 22, 1864. Additional reasons 



move me to correct the mistake. It is due to the memory 
of the gallant men who lost their lives on the memorable field 
and to the few survivors who stayed by their guns in repelling 
the assault of ihe Fortieth Illinois and Twenty-Third Missouri 
Infantry, in which we were supported by the Third Kentucky 
and Fourth Tennessee Infantry. Only eighty-four men and 
ofticers of the battery were present in the engagement, thirty- 
nine of whom were killed or wounded; five were killed on the 
field, seven mortally wounded, and died within a week. Every 
officer's horse was either killed or wounded, including my 
own, and only eight of the battery horses proper were left 
standing on their feet ; four of these had flesh wounds. Hare's 
Brigade may have captured a six-gun battery, but it was not 
Cobb's Kentucky Battery. Besides," he added, "it was not 
known as Cobb's Battery until more than thirty days after the 
battle of Shiloh, when the company was permanently detached 
and in published orders by Gen. John C. Breckinridge, who 
commanded the Reserve Division, named Cobb's Battery." 



MARRIAGE UNDER DIFFICULTIES. 

BY T. J. YOUNG, AUSTIN, ARK. 

In the fall of 1863 the writer, who was a member of the 
Seventh Virginia Cavalry, was on a leave of absence, on ac- 
count of a wound, at his home in Loudon County, Va. He. 
with several other Confederate soldiers inside the enem}''s 
lines, was invited to a wedding which was to take place in 
Leesburg. The writer, Aaron T. Beans, and Ed Wright, of 
White's Battalion of Virginia Cavalry, went to Leesburg on 
the evening the wedding took place. 

We met with several Confederates of different commands 
in Leesburg. and were informed that the Yankees had been 
there, but had gone back toward Washington City. My 
companions and I put our horses in the stable of the hotel, 
and were assigned a room in the second story in the back 
part of the building. 

The Confederates who were in town assembled at the resi- 
dence of Mr. Bently, whose daughter. Miss Rose, was to be 
united in marriage to a Mr. Poindexter, a worthy Confed- 
erate soldier. 

It seems that the Yankees who had been in Leesburg that 
day heard of the wedding, and, instead of going back to 
Washington, came back to Leesburg that night to see how 
many Confederates they could cut off. .A short while aftei 
my companions and I had returned from the wedding to the 
hotel the landlord's boy came running up to our room and 
said : "Soldiers, the Yankees are in town. The town is full 
of them !" They had already dismounted. About this tinu- 
shooting seemed to be coming from every direction. We did 
not hesitate long in deciding that it was best for us to get 
out of the hotel, as they would be sure to search the house 
for Confederates, so we hastened down the back way and 
went under a house which fronted the street. The shooting 
was still going on, and Wright proposed that we go to the 
stable and get our horses. Beans remained under the house. 
Wright and I v.'ent to the stable, saddled our horses, mounted, 
and rode out the alley. Reaching the street, we were dis- 
covered and ordered to halt ; but we kept on down the street, 
with Yankees on every hand shooting at us. When we got 
to where the street forked there was quite a squad of Yan- 
kees, who poured a volley of shots at us, and as we passed 
them they ran out and tried to catch our horses by the bridles. 
I pulled my "forty-four" on the fellow who tried to catch 
mine, and he abandoned the undertaking, his companions car- 
rying him off. I was looking back to see if any cavalry were 



Qoijfederate l/etera^. 



69 



following lis when, to my horror, my horse turned a somer- 
sault into an old. broken-down culvert. I tried to .liet him 
up, but failed. I thought he was shot, so I left him and ran 
along the fence down to a stream, the banks of which were 
covered with bushes and briers. 

I went up the creek through tlie bushes and stopped to 
listen. Two men came out near me, looked at two old 
horses grazing in the held, which they pronounced of no value, 
and rode back to their command. This was where they had 
dismounted and gone into Leesburg on foot, so as to make 
the surprise complete. I then turned and went back down 
the creek about a mile, to where 1 thought I would be outside 
the Yankee pickets — to old Fort Evans, which overlooked the 
town — arriving there just about daylight. The Yankees were 
encamped in a field between the fort, where 1 was, and town, 
but about eight o'clock they moved in the direction of Wash- 
ington City. 

1 concluded to go down and learn the result of the raid. 
I found my old chum. Beans, who informed me that not one 
of the Confederates was captured, killed, or wounded. The 
Yankees had eight of their men killed and several wounded. 
My horse had escaped also, and went back to the hotel stable. 

The manner in wliich the bridegroom escaped capture wa^ 
laughable and, I imagine, a shade embarrassing. When the 
Yankees began to scatter themselves in the town he fled in 
his night clothes to a place of safety near the Washington 
and Ohio railroad, while the bride remained at home in 
anxious anticipation of his return. This was marrying under 
dil'iiculties, anil probably the groom had good reason to ask 
himself the Dutchman's question: "Vas marriage a vailure?" 



A DOUBLE REUNION—AT NASHFILLE. 

W. J. McDearman, of Trenton, Temi., was a member of 
Company H, Twelfth Tennessee Infantry, Vaughan's Brigade, 
Cheatham's Division. He was captured at Kennesaw Moun- 
tain and sent to Camp Douglas. Mis family at that time being 
inside the Federal lines, his father made arrangements with a 
friend in Cairo to supply hiin with all needs that the com- 
mandant of the prison would permit. Through this friend 
he became acquainte<l by correspondence with a young lady 
living in Kentucky. McDearman was not released from 
prison till the 29th of June after the surrender. He returned 
home and found that his sweetheart, "the girl he left behind" 
when he entered the army, had niarru-il ; but she compensated 
him in a measure for his loss by helping him to capture the 
Kentucky girl he had been corresponding with while m prison, 
whom she knew, and she selected the wedding ring for him. 
They were married in December, 1866, and for thirty years 
they joyously journeyed through life together, surrounded by 
a family of liappy children, when death claimed the wife anci 
mother. 

Last June McDearman came to the Nashville reunion. 
\\ hile marching in the parade the hot sun gave him a severe 
headache, and when th" column stopped for a few moments 
he explained to his commanding officer and dropped out of 
ranks. Going to the gate of a yard well shaded with trees 
near where his company was standing, he asked permission of 
ilie lady sitting on the porch to enter and rest in the shade 
She invited him to a comfortable chair on the porch. In 
the conversation that followed he told her he was very 
anxious to g> I a photograph of his old commander. Gen. 
Cheatham. She very kindly took his name and address, say- 
ing she would (ry to got one and send it to him. She soon re- 



called that the name was familiar to her, as she had often 
heard her sister speak of a boy friend by that name when she 
was a young girl. That information must have cured the 
headache, for in a few minutes McDearman was on a street 
car bound for East Nashville to see that sister. It was his 
old-time sweetheart, whom he had not heard from for more 
than a quarter of a century. 

Time had dealt gently with her. The pretty girl he knew 
had developed into a handsome woman. When McDearman 
learned that she had been a widow for several years she 
doubtless looked younger to him than she really was. Of 
course the conversation soon drifted to old times, thin ice for 
two old sweethearts to stand on. The handsome widow and 
the well-preserved veteran became practical promptly, ana 
m the vestry room of St. Ann's Episcopal Church (East 
Nashville) on the 29th of November a wedding ring, the 
exact counterpart of the one she had selected more than 
thirty years before for the first bride, w-as slipped on her 
linger, and the attractive woman became Mrs. W. J. Mc- 
Dearman. 

While everybody had a good time at the Nashville reunion. 
Comrade McDearman believes he had the best time of any 
veteran present, as it was a double reunion to him. 



THE CONFEDERATE PRIVATE. 

BY JANIE SEREVEN UEVWARD, CH.\RLESTON, S. C. 

From every home in the sweet Southland 
Went a soldier lad, at his heart's command. 
To fight in a cause both true and just. 
To conquer or die, as a hero must. 

With a kiss, a smile, or a word of cheer 
To those who at parting were doubly dear; 
With a song on his lips, his hopes ran high; 
In such a cause he was ready to die. 

But victory first. 'Twas his earnest prayer 
To reach the front, and do battle there; 
To see his own flag triumphantly wave. 
Though its folds should fly o'er his open grave. 

The hardships of war he bravely bore. 
And proudly the shabby gray he wore. 
'Twas the only color on earth for him; 
Not hunger or thirst crndd his spirit dim. 

With every battle hope .sprang up anew ; 
He felt that the cause he loved was true. 
And surely the God who brave men led 
Would help and guide them, living or dead. 

Sometimes they won. then hope ran high : 
.•\gain they lost, but it would not die. 
They were privates only, and theirs to obey ; 
Not theirs to connnand or lead the fray. 

But theirs to endure, and follow and light ; 
To know that the cause they loved was right. 
.\nd so to the end they followed and fought, 
With love and devotion which could not be bought. 

Hungry and thirsty and foot-sore and lame, 
They fought for their country, and thought not of fame ; 
Rut their names are written, with theirs who led. 
In n country's heart — the brave Confed. 



(0 



Confederate l/eterai?. 



TEXAS U. D. C. WANT FIVE ANNIVERSARIES. 

The Committee on Anniversaries of the Texas Division, 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, comprised of Mes- 
dames S. W. Sholars, Orange, Chairman, M. R. Macgill 
Rosenberg, Galveston, Fannie J. Halbert, Corsicana, J. C. 
Hntcheson, Houston, Harry Field, Calvert, E. N. Baker, 
W'axahachie, Mary Jane Lane, Marshall, and Decca Lamar 
West, Waco, have issued 'an address in which they state: 

"We advise each Chapter President to appoint a committee 
from her Chapter to carry out the work of celebration, and 
we recommend that the children be brought into the pro- 
grammes. We further suggest that Chapter Committees re- 
quest the Boards of Trustees and superintendents of public 
schools in their vicinities to instruct the teachers to com- 
memorate the birthdays of President Jetferson Davis, Robert 
E. Lee, and Hon. John H. Reagan, that the pupils may be- 
come familiar with the names and characters of these great 
men and learn to revere their devotion to the Constitution 
and their heroic self-sacrifice to the liberties of the South. 

■'The following is a suggested outlined programme for our 
Days of Honor, with license for each Chapter to develop its 
own individuality : 

"On January 19, birthday of Robert E. Lee, let no pains be 
spared to decorate the hall or reception room in which this 
date will be celebrated. Use both flags under which Gen. 
Lee served — the Confederate and the United States flags; let 
both be conspicuously placed on rostrum ; also portraits of 
himself and family. Let there be a short address or paper 
(original, if possible) showing the many sides of his charactei 
— soldier, commander. Christian, scholar, gentleman — in vic- 
tory and in defeat. Let the stirring songs of the Confederacy 
lie used. 

"March 15, Te.xas Heroes' Day. By observance of this 
new-named day, every Texas hero will be honored — Albert 
Sidney Jolniston, Hood, Terry, Dick Dowling, W. P. Lane, 
T. N. Waul, and all the brave, valiant men wJio fought and 
died for the cause they loved. Readings, recitations, and anec- 
dotes of these shoidd be introduced into the programme. 

"On .\pril 26, Confederate Memorial or Decoration Day, 
services should be held in a church. A procession, the leader 
bearing a Confederate banner, should march to the cemetery, 
there decking the graves with Texas's beautiful floral offer- 
ings. 

"June 3, birthday of President Jefferson Davis. ... As 
he suffered for the Confederate flag as no other man ever 
did, and claimed no other flag, therefore no other flag should 
be used on the day that does honor to our martyred chieftain. 
Portraits of himself and family should be shown upon the 
walls of the room where the celebration is held. A tribute 
to his beloved daughter, Winnie Davis, could be most ap- 
propriately embodied in the programme. Father Ryan's im- 
mortal dirge should close these exercises. 

"September 17, Gen. Hood's Day. This date commemorates 
the battle of Sharpsburg, in which Gen. Hood distinguished 
himself, and was the day on which he was severely wounded. 
An invitation from each Chapter to any of Hood's Brigade 
residing in vicinity to attend this celebration should be given." 

They name October 8, birthday of Hon. John H. Reagan, as 
another, and say : 

"Who in Texas does not know this 'grand old man' — the 
one still spared to us, the last of that great group of giants 
who made up the Cabinet of Jefferson Davis? He was Post- 
master General of the Confederate States, and has had a 
long life of service in the military, the judicial, the legislative. 



and the executive service under three national flags. There- 
fore let us do him all honor. He is preeminently our Con- 
federate hero, and in celebrating his natal day the flag ol 
the republic of Texas should mingle its folds with the United 
States flag and our Southern cross — that blood-stained bannei 
that is loved with a passion that only defeat can give. The 
Daughters of the Republic of Texas should be invited to unite 
with the Daughters of the Confederacy in commemorating the 
birthday of Postmaster General Reagan, giving sketches and 
addresses upon the many and useful branches of service he 
has rendered his country ; and we should especially ask that 
large bands of children be trained to sing 'The Bonny Blue 
Flag,' with as fine an orchestra as can be procured. On this 
occasion, if there are crosses of honor to be presented, let 
the Chapter President stand beneath the three national flags 
above mentioned while she bestows them upon the old vet- 
erans. They followed the Southern cross to victory, to death, 
or to that which, to many, was worse than death — defeat! 
Now let this cross of honor be hung over each valiant heart 
in token of that slow victory of the cross that rises from 
defeat. 

"Daughters of the Confederacy, the reports from the Sol- 
diers' Home, at Austin, tell us that these old veterans are 
rapidly passing away. Only a few years more, and they will 
be with us no longer. Then let us use every means to mark 
them with a cross of honor, that we may know them as our 
own and do every courtesy to the men who wore the gray. 
In closing, we ask that every Chapter President, after the 
Sth of October, report to the chairman of this committee 
as to whether these anniversaries have been kept, in order that 
she may make out a report for the ne.xt convention. 

"We will add that on four of these dates the crosses of 
honor may be bestowed — the 19th of January, the 26th of 
.\pril, the 3d of June, and the Sth of October. 

"And now as the new year begins let us bind ourselves 
with a prayer for harmony, that will insure success in our 
sacred work." 



NEW OFFICERS, TEXAS DIVISION, U. D. C. 

President, Mrs. Valery E. Austin, Galveston; Vice Presi- 
dents, Mrs. D. A. Nunn, of Crockett, Mrs. Lavinia Porter 
Talley, of Temple, Mrs. Ellen D. Farris, of Dallas, and Mrs. 
Annie E. Sydnor, of Houston ; Secretary, Mrs. Louella 
Styles Vincent, Strawn; Treasurer, Mrs. A. C. Johnson, 
Corsicana; Historian, Mrs. S. H. Watson, Waxahachie; Cus- 
todian, Mrs. Z. F. Fulmore, Austin. 

It is sad to those who attended the convention at Waxa- 
hachie and met the sweet-faced, white-haired Mrs. Sydnor to 
think that so soon she was called to rest. Her death occurred 
soon after the convention. 



A TEXAS HOME FOR CONFEDERATE WOMEN. 

At the conclusion of the Texas U. D. C. held in Austin 
November 29, 30, 1899, Miss Philphs, the beloved Secretary 
of the Galveston Chapter — whose untimely death in the great 
storm there is one of the saddest memories — made an eloquent 
appeal to establish a cottage in addition to the Soldiers' Home 
to give more room for other deserving veterans. There were 
some contributions to this fund, but after the death of Miss 
Philphs the matter was lost sight of until the Houston con- 
vention. 

Another patriotic daughter of Texas, Mrs. Winnie Pauline 
Baugh, of San Antonio, conceived the idea of building a home 
for the indigent wives and widows of Confederate soldiers. 



QpT}federzt(^ l/eterar? 



71 



Her eloquent and pathetic appeal won the applause and sym- 
pathy of the convention, and substantial donations were made. 
A motion prevailed merging the Piiilphs Cottage Fund into 
this; and with this sum as a nucleus Mrs. Baugh began her 
work, ably assisted by other enthusiastic Daughters. 

The crowning success of her efforts was made at the late 
meeting of the Texas Division of the U. D. C, held at Waxa- 
hachic. The earnestness and tenderness with which she spoke 
could come only from the heart of a woman devoted to such 
a cause. Her appeal resulted in the addition of something 
over eight hundred and fifty dollars to her fund, making the 
total cash in hand nearly two thousand dollars. An incident 
occurred on the cars as the ladies were returning from this 
convention worthy of mention. Delegates were discussing the 
object of the fund and the amount in hand, when Mrs. Baugh 




MRS. WINNIE r.MI.lNE 1!.\U(;II. 

rcniaikcd that she lacked only four dollars of having two 
ihiiusand. .A young gentleman silling near, who had ovcr- 
JK-ard ihe conversation, turned to them and said, "Ladies, I 
am the son of a I'nion soldier, born and reared in the North, 
hut I .ask the privilege of making that fund two thousand 
dollars," and he handed Mrs. Baugh five dollars. The ladies 
showed their appreciation by generous applause, and bespeak 
for Mr. N. L. Trowle, of Oskaloosa, Iowa, a warm reception 
wherever he goes in Dixie. The home is to be built in Austin, 
and it is gratifying to know lliat sufficient funds are in siglit 
to justify the be.ginning of the buililing. 

Mrs. Winnie Pauline Baugh was born in Unionlown, Ky., 
ill iS,S3. She is a descendant of the best blood of an old 
colonial family of Virginia, and is a niece of that gallant 
Confederate soldier, Capt. Dick Dunvillc, killed at Murfrees- 
horo. Her earliest recollections are of the dark days of the 
War between the States. She went to Texas in 1872, and has 
lived there since. She has Tilled prominent positions in dif- 
ferent ladies' organizations to which she belongs; but in none 
has she taken more interest or shown greater diligence tliaii in 
pressing to success her cherished idea of buiUling Ibis home, 
of which she is enlilKd to llio honor of being the founder. 



EXCUSABLE MISREPRESENTATION. 

BY COL. T. B. ROV, ADJUTANT GENER.\L TO HARDEE, NOW OF 
WIESBADEN, GERMANY. 

At the battle of Murfrcesboro, December 31, i86j, Hardee's 
Corps doubled back the Federal riglit wing, and pressed it 
until the latter was rcenforced and in a new position became 
too strong. 

Next morning St. John I,iddell"s Brigade, of Cleburne's 
Division, with Semple's Battery — Churchill Seniple, of Mont- 
gomery, Ala. — was pushed forward, at a certain point, to 
develop the enemy, and succeeded in developing him to such 
effect and in such force that the brigade withdrew with some 
precipitancy. Semple, riding behind his battery under fire, 
thought to set an example of coolness by dismounting to 
pick up a derelict blanket on the field. 

.As, bridle in hand, he stooped for that purpose, a shell ex- 
ploded at his feet, his horse bounding with such quickness and 
force as to pull him over and leave him prone. On-lookers 
saw a riderless horse careering and the rider stretched on the 
.ground, under the dust and smoke of concussion and explosion. 
.\iiy one seeing it would have been quite sure that he was 
killed; but he was only stunned for a moment, and as the 
brigade disappeared over the brow of the hill he succwded 
in recovering his horse, and followed. 

Meanwhile Capt. Oorge A. Williams, now of New Or- 
leans, La., then Liddcll's adjutant general, had been sent for- 
ward to where Gen. Hardee and his staff were grouped to 
report results, and as he reached Gen. Hardee Semple also 
rode up at his side, almost within arm's reach, without Wil- 
liams seeing him. His report made, Williams, with a break 
in his voice, said : "I am sorry to have to add that Capt. 
Semple was killed." 

Gen. Hardee, with a twinkle — for Scmiile and Williams 
were in front of him almost side by side — said: ".\re you 
quite sure of that ? " 

"Yes, sir, unhappily, for I saw him killed." 

"Who is that beside you "' " 

Williams turned his head, and llicrc was Semple at his 
side. Dii-cipline or no discipline, he tlung his arms round liitn 
and well-nigh broke down. 

Gen. Hardee's smiling comment was: "Capt. Williams, the 
lesson is, report only facts, and leave commanding officers to 
draw conclusions." 

This incident was related to me with great gusto by Maj. 
Henry Churchill Semple, since deceased, who was a special 
friend of mine, I myself having only a hazy recollection of 
the circumstances. When 1 have on occasion repealed it. it 
has been deemed so .good that it seems worthy of preservation 
in the Confederate Veteran. 



COMPANY G. FIR.^T GEORGIA CAVALRY. 
A sad, yet pleasanl, reunion at Rome was that of Company 
G. First Georgia Cavalry, held during the State Encamp- 
ment U. C. v., at the residence of W. D. Jones. This com- 
pany was the first one of cavalry that left Floyd County in 
March, 1862, with a membership of eighty-seven, rank and 
file. Recruits came during the three j'ears, running the num- 
ber up to one hundred and forty. There are now living 
twenty-three, eleven in Floyd County — viz.: T. S. Burney, G. 
W. Warren, H. T. Moore, D. V. Phillips, H. H. Waters, Sol 
F.verett, John Corley, James Selman, W. D. Jones, W. A. 
Oveiby, and W. L. Aycock. Lieut. George A. Webster, of 
Atlanta, is the only living officer of the company. He and 
the lirsl nine named were present :il tlie dituur table of W. 



72 



Qoi>federat(^ l/eterap. 



D. Jones. After the splendid dinner and music they spent 
an hour together, at the conclusion of which they sang "God 
3e with You till We Meet Again." Other survivors seeing 
this will please write to Lieut. George A. Webster, care 
Waterworks Department, Atlanta, Ga. 



CONCERNING THE BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA. 

BY CAPT. H. B. CLAY, CHURCH HILL. TENN. 

In the January Veteran Comrade Minnich speaks of the 
operations of our army, on its right, at Chickamauga on 
Saturday. The writer, having been with his command on that 
part of the line, will endeavor to sketch what he saw and what 
he knew to have occurred there at that time. 

The cavalry on our right was Forrest's Corps, and he only 
knows positively of one of its divisions, that of Brig. Gen. 
John Pegram. He believes that another was composed of a 
division under command of Brig. Gen. Frank Armstrong, and 
that this consisted of Armstrong's own brigade and another 
under Col. Dibrell. 

Gen. Pegram's Division had three brigades, his own, to the 
command of which Gen. H. B. Davidson had been assigned; 
but, as he reached it only late Friday or Friday night, the lat- 
ter was handicapped by his want of knowledge of the com- 
mand. It had the First Georgia (instead of First Georgia 
Brigade), the Sixth Georgia, Twelfth and Sixteenth Tennessee 
Battalions, under Lieut. Col. Rucker and composing Rucker's 
Legion, the Sixty-Sixth North Carolina, under Col. Folk, and 
the Tenth Confederate, under Col. Goode. This, with Hu- 
wald's excellent battery, composed the command which, since 
Murfreesboro, had been operating under Gen. Pegram, and 
which his West Point education and life in the regular army 
had enabled him to bring to a high state of discipline and 
efficiency. 

Still farther to the right was Scott's Brigade, under Col. 
John Scott, of the First Louisiana Cavalry. It was in ac- 
tion at Red House bridge during the battle, but not near 
enough to Gen. Pegram to be of service to him. The Third 
Brigade was that of Gen. George B. Hodge, of Kentucky and 
■Virginia troops, but it was so far off that it had no part in 
the fighting. 

Friday night Gens. Forrest and Pegram bivouacked on the 
tield from which Gen. Bushrod Johnson had driven a Fed- 
eral force. Saturday morning, at gray daylight. Gen. Pegram 
awoke a staff officer of his and directed him to go to the 
First Georgia picket and see what that firing meant. Arriv- 
ing there, no difficulty was had in determining what that 
firing meant, as that little company was being hard pressed 
liy what seemed quite a heavy force. Asking that a squadron 
he sent him, it was qui:kly on hand, rapidly dismounted and 
put in action ; but as the enemy's line still lapped ours on 
lioth right and left, another message was sent, asking for the 
rest of that regiment. Coming up, it was either being dis- 
mounted and moved to the right of the line engaged or was 
l-.eing placed in position. When Gen. Pegram came up with 
the brigade, which, being disposed, with Huwald on the left 
and the Twelfth Tennessee mounted on the left' of the bat- 
try, the whole line went forward at a charge, our guns at 
work also. The charge developed the brigade of infantry of 
Col. Dan McCook, and some fifteen or sixteen prisoners were 
taken. We saw nothing more of that brigade that day, so far 
as we knew. 

The brigade, remounting, was moved to our left, passing 
an old sawmill (since understood to have been Jay's Mill), 
and, moving some five or six hundred yards from it, was 



halted, while a conference took place between Gen. Forrest, 
who had just ridden up, and Gen. Pegram. During this the 
same staff officer was called up and ordered to take ten 
men and reconnoiter for a half mile in our front or in an 
indicated direction. Taking Sergeant Goodwin, of the First 
Georgia, whom he had had with him in a night reconnoisance 
of the position charged the next day at Murfreesboro (and 
who it is hoped lives to read this), they rode for three- 
quarters of a mile through an unbroken woodland thick with 
undergrowth. 

Riding slowly and looking in every direction, nothing was 
heard or seen by them, save an occasional note from small 
l.'irds. Everything was as still as if two great armies were 
I'ot then moving up into positions for one of the greatest and 
most desperately fought battles of the war. LJp:)n returning, 
report was made to Gen. Pegram. He and Gen. Forrest were 
>till talking with each other when a heavy and unexpected 
fire was received by the First Georgia, its men being at ease 
and some, perhaps, dismounted by the sides of their horses. 
Where those Federals came from has been ever since an 
unsolved puzzle to that staff officer, for that firing came 
from precisely the direction from which he had returned not 
more than fifteen or twenty minutes before, and he knows 
that they were not where he and Goodwin had been. 

Thrown into momentary confusion, that fine command was 
soon in position, with Gen. Forrest directing; while the rest 
of the brigade were rapidly dismounted and, with Huwald's 
guns, took position on a small rise, with the First Georgia on 
the right, Twelfth and Sixteenth Tennessee on the left of 
the First Georgia, Huwald in the center, and on the left of 
his guns were the Tenth Georgia, Sixth Confederate, and the 
Sixty-Si.xth North Carolina. Seeing at once how greatly this 
command was outnumbered. Gen. Forrest ordered Gen. Pe- 
gram to hold that position until he could bring reenforce- 
ments. And hold it he did, with Huwald sweeping the front 
with canister ; while the dismounted men fought like infantry, 
and not an inch of ground had been yielded when, after Some 
time (who knows of time during a fight), there was the wel- 
come sight of the head of Ector's Brigade of Infantry, closely 
followed by that of Wilson. There was a lull in the firing 
at this time, and Pegram was ordered to mount his men and 
have their cartridge boxes filled, as there were but few left 
in the boxes after that morning's work. Forming rapidly, with 
Dibrell's Regiment un iheir right, these commands moved in, 
and a bloody reception it was that met them. 

Forrest's part at Chickamauga is well and carefully told in 
Wyeth's "Life of Gen. N. B. Forrest." The writer is glad 
that he owns one, but it is of such great interest that his 
neighbors keep his copy constantly borrowed. 



RALLYING WITH A FRYING PAN. 

BY J. B. MINOR, NEW Y'ORK. 

Tragedy was so often connected with the ludicrous in the 
life of the Confederate soldier that in speaking of one we 
lire often reminded of the other. 

May 5, 1864, marked the opening of Gen. Grant's campaign 
in the Wilderness. Perhaps the most desperate, continuous 
fighting of the war was done within the next ten days. It 
is not my purpose to follow the bloody paths of both armies 
from the Wilderness to Petersburg, but to relate a little in- 
cident that I witnessed on the 6th. one of the hottest fighting 
days we had. 

I belonged to the First Company of Richmond Howitzers, 
Maj. Henry C. Cabell's Battalion of Artillery, which, in ad- 



Qoi>federat(^ l/eterai>. 



73 



ditioii to our Howitzers, was composed of two Georgia com- 
panies and one of North Carolina, making sixteen guns in all. 
nifTerent sections of the battalion had been sent to different 
parts of the field as needed. My company had position just 
in front of a tliick woods, with a clear space of probably sev- 
ty-five or a hundred yards intervening between us and the 
timber. This space was level ; but a short distance within the 
woods the ground fell off abruptly, and in this depression the 
Federals could form their lines of battle out of reach of our 
guns and but a short distance from them. Gen. Grant seemed 
determined to break through at this point. He would mass 
large bodies of infantry almost at the edge of the timber, and 
then rush them out sometimes three lines strong. We used 
double charges of canister, and made a slaughter pen of the 
open space in our front, ably assisted by the gallant old Third 
Arkansas Infantry, under Col. Robert S. Taylor, which sup- 
ported us. It was the morning of the 6th, the men were worn 
out with ligliting and want of sleep. The enemy in our front 
had made no demonstration up to nearly ten o'clock, and, 
save those on picket, w-e were lying down, many of us asleep. 
Col. Taylor, with a frying pan in his hand, was cooking for 
liimself a breakfast, when, without any warning, three lines 
of battle with a terrific yell burst from the woods in our 
front. We showered canister upon them, but they kept com- 
ing, reached our breastworks, charged over them, and pinned 
to the ground with their bayonets several of the Third Arkan- 
sas. It was a hand-to-hand light for a few moments. Col. 
Taylor had his frying pan by the handle, and was swinging 
it round and round his head, scattering the hot gravy in 
every direction as he rallied his men, shouting, "We must 
liold this position;" and hold it we did, but not until assistance 
came. The shouting, the shooting, the dead, and the dying 
made a lasting impression on nie ; but nothing is more vivid 
in my memory of that morning than Col. Taylor in the midst 
of the mel<ie, scattering hot gravy on all sides as he shook 
the frying pan over his head, rallying his men. 



CONFEDERATES CONDEMNED .IS SPfES. 

A thrilling experience had Comrade W. B. Leedy, of Lin 
niingham, .Ma., and it is the basis of this personal sketch. 

William Hilb Leedy was horn at Aberdeen, Miss., on Clin^l 
mas Day of 1846. His parents were Lorenzo Dow Leedy. .. 
native of Abingdon, Va., and Sarah Garrett Bibb, dau.ghtcr of 
William Bibb, of lluntsville, Ala. His mother died in 1S51 
and his father in 1802, and he was reared by his mother's 
people at Huntsville. Huntsville was occupied by the Federal 
troops, and young Leedy was not able to gratify his inclina- 
tion to join the Confederate army. Being offered a position 
a.^ clerk under a Federal quartermaster at a salary of one 
hundred dollars a month, he accepted it on condition that lie 
should not be required to take the oath of allegiance, lie 
was so engaged along with several boy friends until the 
troops were withdrawn previous lo Hood's advance in Ten- 
nessee, in November, 1864. Then, being free to act as he 
pleased, and being nearly of military age, he took part in the 
iirganizatiou of a cavalry company. 

Scarcely had the Federal I "oops withdrawn when his cotn- 
pany was mustered in as Company I, Col. Ru^^el^s Fourth 
.Mabama Cavalry, of N. B. Forrest's Corps, and he was made 
second sergeant. In the first fight in which he took part, on 
Hood's retreat to the Tennessee River, young Leedy was cap- 
tured, w'ith a number of his comrades, and was imprisoned in 
the penitentiary at Nashville. The fact that he had held a 



clerical position under the Federal quartermaster at Hunts- 
ville w-as soon discovered, and he and eighteen others, sim- 
ilarly situated, were charged with being spies, bushwhackers, 
etc., and tried before a drumhead court-martial. The oath 
I if allegiance was offered and charges were to be withdrawn. 
1 f they refused, however, the terms offered, they were to be 
at once convicted and sentenced to death. Leed}» obtained 
the legal assistance of Judge Jordan Stokes, of Nashville ; 
hut of no avail, as the accused and his comrades, nineteen in 
.'11. were really condemned before trial. Of the others. Mr. 
Leedy recalls the names of Capt. Thomas B. Jordan. Maj. 
Clinton Douglass, Rev. John A. Young (w-ho became a min- 
ister of the Presbyterian Church). Capt. W. H. Mooro. of 
Memphis, and Capt. Frank B. Gurley (who killed Gen. Mc- 
Cook). Before sentence could be carried into effect Gen. For- 
leit sent an officer to Nashville, under a fl:ig of truce, with 
the warning that he should hang A Federal officer for every 
one of these nineteen that were executed. This served to 
str.y proceedings, and inllucntial friends laid the matter be- 
fore President Lincoln, who gave orders which resulted in the 
exchange of the whole nineteen for Federal prisoners in 
Libby Prison, under sentence of death for various charges. 

Sergeant Leedy obtained his freedom at Richmond, in 
March, 1865, and with a furlough for sixty days he then 
started for home, making the greater part of the distance, 
through the Carolinas and Georgia, on foot, and through the 
country which Sherman had laid waste. On reaching Mont- 




WlLLI.MH B. Leepy. 

.uoniery. he learned of Lee's sun-ender. He later gave him- 
self up at Meridian, Miss., was paroled, and given transpor- 
tation to Huntsville. Subsequent to the war he resided at 
Memphis from 1866 to 1870, engaged in the banking busi- 
r.css at Huntsville until 18S7, and S'uce then has been in the 
real estate business at Birmingham, lie is a member of W. 
J. Hardee Camp, U. C. V., and is major and aid-de-camp 
on the staff of Gen. George P. Harrison, commanding State 
of Alabama. 

By his marriage, in 1873. to Kate Stratton, of Memphis, he 
has two sons and a daughter, all of whom are highly es- 
teemed. 



74 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



CONFEDERATE DEAD BURIED IN KENTUCKY. 

BY MRS. SOPHIE FOX SEA, 
Historian Kentucky Stalt-- Division, V. D. C. 

I pray tliat some in ignorance of the last resting places of 
their heloved dead will find in this list that I have gathered 
with infinite reverence and pity the names sought for but 
never found, and know that the places where the dust of their 
loved ones are awaiting the trump of the archangel of the 
resurrection are indeed God's acres, cared for, beautified, even 
glorified, by the loving thought of comrades and friends. 
cave hill cemeterl', loc/siille. 
Al.\b.\ma. 

John M. Armstrong. 

John R. Berrison, A. S. Boro, 41st; Gen. Alpheus Raker; 
J. B. Bruce, 31st; Hiram Bu.sh, 24th. 

J. A. Carter, 7th ; F. M. Champion. 

William Dicks, 40th. 

R. H. Frederick; W. Fraywick, 57th. 

W. G. Hagood, i8th ; J. Hardy, 15th; Benjamin A. Hunter. 

James R. Knight, ist. 

Alonzo Lane, ist. 

D. H. Moon ; Godfrey Machair, 57th ; W. A. MuUincn ; D. 
H. Moss ; E. L. D. Martin ; David McDonald, Pineapple, Wil- 
cox County, Ala. : Joseph Morrell ; Thomas McGovcrn, 20th. 

J. H. Odewer, 53d. 

John Puett, 41st; P. S. Pullen, 22d ; S. R. Prigh, 32d ; 
Darling Pitman, 51st; M. Price. 

Nathaniel Reader, 40th ; J. H. Roach, 6oth. 
Simon Spicgle, 5th. 

E. E. Thomas, 24th. 

Geoucia. 
G. D. Ayers. 

F. Backley, George Beale. 
A. P. Dunn, 59th. 

A. Everett, 51st. 
D. Falley. 

T. C. Giddings, 2gtli : \\'il]iam \V. Godfrey, 24111. 
William Hendrick. 
J. Lind-^ay. 15th. 

G. W. Mooney, I3l!i; William McCantrey. 54th; .•\llen 
Moss. 

R. O'Niel ; John H. Odin, 4th. 

J. W. Powell, T6th; R. T. Pullion; Lewis Potts, 6ist; H. 
J. Parish, 17th. 

B. H. Smith. 

George Turner, 63d; Thomas V. Tndd, i6th ; Elizalieth 
Temnis, Calhoun ("Bury me with my fienplc"). 
William A. Winburn, i6th. 

Ahkansas. 
D. A. Mills. 

William G. Parrish, of Gen. Foster's Arkansas Rangers; 
Charles N. Perkins, Cook's First Arkansas Cavalry. 

Henry L. Smith; D. H. Sangston, Bradley County, Ark. 
B. F. Walker. 

England. 
Richard Holdsworth, born in Wakefield. Yorkshire, Eng., 
wounded at battle of Shiloli. 

Florida. 
J. T. Atkinson. 
William Hastings, 3d. 
Thomas Jackson. 6lh. 

Germany. 
Brvant W. Hamilton, of Germany. 



Louisiana. 

Burton C. Allan, William Atway. 

J. Belljohn, 13th ; Daniel Busby, 13th Vols., son of Daniel 
Busby, of New Orleans; Octave Le Brasseau, aged 19, .Xt- 
takapas. 

Elphig DebocufF, St. James Parish. 

Thomas W. Elkins. 17th. 

C. Frommyer, 13th. 

J. Gardiner. 

W. H. Harris; Joseph Hisley, 25th. 

Rudolph Kuk, New Orleans; Edward Kebo, iSth. 

C. McMalton, Jesse ]\IcCreary. 
Archibald Pepper. 

Eugene Reundoy, St. James Parish. 
Wallace S. Wiggins, New Orleans. 

Mlssissippi. 
J. Armer. 

J. W. Beillcr, 22d ; John Bo.ith. 4th ; Washington Butler. 
G. W. Erby. 
J. M. Fail. 

Erasmus Y. Glavritt. 40th. 
W. B. Headley. 
William C. Lacy. 
William McCoy, 24th. 
Peter Newcomb, 24th. 
James Payne, 41st. 
S. M. Shessnutt, 30th. 
R. Therell. 8th: N. B. Trotter. 
David Walker. W. P. Wiley. 

North Carolina. 
Samuel .A.llen, 20th. 
Ba.Kter Grandiss. 
John Trigue, 58th. 

New York. 
William Pomroy. of New York. Hawkins's Zouaves. 

South Carolixa. 
S. O. Berry. iQth; A. Riggins, 2d. 

Tennessee. 

Elijah .-Vndrews. 

Jonathan Bailey. 5th; John .\. Barrow, 27th; Milton Brann. 
N. W. or \\\ N. Br.-igg. 

Thomas Cunningham, W. R. Chandler. 

Prestly Dodson, Franklin ; Alex Dollar, A. C. Doflin. 
_ W. R. Glover, 33d; John P. Green, W. Cotton. 
' W. K. Flardy. loth ; W. B. Hctt, 3d; Thomas Harvy. 37lh. 

John Jones, Marion County. 

Thomas M. S. Kelly, ist. 

Jere Lynch ; Jacob Lown. 4th. 

R. H. Madden. loth; C. W. .Moose. Rhea County; E. Ma- 
lone, 2d. 

W. C. Nixon, 4th ; S. H. Night. 

Fountain P. Patterson, 17th ; Marcus L. Palmer. 

A. J. Robbins, 38th; Patrick Reynolds, 5th. 

J. T. Shelton, 43d; John Sheldon; Geor.ge Stigall ; James 
B. Shackelford, Sergeant 27th Regt. ; W. J. Stevens ; L. D. 
Small. 8th ; J. Spiney, 28th ; Robert Snodgrass, Sparta. 

D. P. Tripple. 

A. Wade, 29th; William West, Franklin; B. J. Wheeler; 
R. P. Wistead, 41st; John W. Weekley, Montgomery County. 

W. A. Young. 

Te.>:as. 

Jiilin G. Field. 5th Infantry; I'rank H. Griffin, Texas Cav- 
alrv; D. Messncr. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



Virginia. 

Frank Arniistead. 

Peter Chatwell, 28th. 

James P. Hazelwood, 27th. 

Lieut. Col. John Lawson, Sptli. 

William Pomery, Hawkin.s's Zouaves. 

In tlic following cases nn .Slate or country is indicated on 
tlu' toniljstone : 

W. S. Adams, Nelson Aldridge. Michael .Adamson. 

W. J. Braswccn, Ellison's Cavalry; Thomas W. Bunting. 
1 ). C. Brown, L. D. Blicks, M. Butler, J. Ballard. 

John Carlisle, James Cobb, T. C. Collins. 

G. W. Duncan ; J. H. Donaldson, Shaw's Battery. 

Maj. Joseph T. Fullerton. William Furguson, Samuel Fra- 
zier. 

D. GaiU, Frank H. Griffin. 

Jiihn Howe; W. E. House, Bennett's Regiment; .\ Hunt. 

P.en. Knowcn. 

J. I-undy, Jonathan Lee. 

J. T. Misenhcimer; James Murphy, civil prisoner; Mat- 
thew McCarty, ist Confoderale; II. A. Meyers. J. H. Mc- 
Niecc, P. Monahan. 

E. M. O'Dum. 
S. Perkins. 

J. F. Rus.scll. 

W. T. Snsscll, Henry C. Sholwell. 

N. B. Thompson, S. Tanner, Valentine Tuflle. 

J. II. Whitehead, John Walter. R. TV Wilder. 

I'nknown, New Orleans. 

LEXlNdToy CF.METF.KV. 

The fiillinving list of those buried in Lexington is fur- 
iiished by Mrs, Eugenia Dunlap Potts: 

James Allen, 56th Ga. : M. S. Allgood, 54th (la. 

J. S. Barker, George II. Boykin, 6th Fla. ; J. W. Brooks, 
2d Ark.; K. H. Brown, 7th I'la. ; N. B. Buchanan, 62d N. C. ; 
1). Burchfield, .Wh Va. ; J. R. Butler, T.tb Fla. 

riiduias Coker, 47th Tcnn. ; J. R. Copeland, 48th Tenn. ; 
Jiilin Cowan, 6th l"Ia. ; James Compton. Va., major on staff 
of K. v.. Lee, inspector of artillery .vl .\rmy Corps, died 
I90_>; R. T. Chambers, ,^4th Va. 

J. Deas, 7th- Fla. ; M. Dryberry, ,?8ih G:i. ; John H. Dor 
sey, 2d Miss. Inf. 

G. W. Eavins, SQth Fla. 

G. Foley, 6th I"la. : A. Fowler, 7th I'la. : L. K. Frisby. 5th 
Tex. ; T. M. l"orc, 4.^d Ala. 

Charles .'\. Gordon, 1st Ark. 

T. H. Hunter, 22d Tenn.; J. II. Harris. J. W. Hartley. R. 
S. lIulT. 54lh Ga. ; E. Hays, 6th Fla.; W. Hicks, .mjth Ga. ; 
l\lir Helm. 54th Va. ; Thomas Hawkins, 4.VI .Ma, 

John n, Ives, 48th Tenn. 

J. 11. Jones, 54th Ga. ; Zack Johnson, 1st Ala.; John Jen- 
kins, Qth Miss. 

L. F. Krout, 20lh .Ala. 

G. F. I.andham, 4th Ark. ; J. C. Mercer, 6th Fla. ; Josiah 
Mcrritt. Charles Mcjoncs, 7tli b'la. ; G. W. Massey, 29th Va. ; 
Elija Maddox, 5th Fla.; John Martin, loth Tex. Cav. 

R. D. Nichols, s6t!i Ga. ; James Nawles, 6th Fla. ; George 
Newman, 18th Ala, 

G. W. Palmer, 48th Tenn.; T. O, Putnam, ijth Tcnn. 

P. W. Pierce. 6th Fla. ; G. R, Philips, syth Ga. 

T. C. Robinson, 48th Tenn. ; James Ross, 54th Ga. ; S. L. 
Rowan. 6lh b'bi.; D. T. Robinelle, 3d G.i. : J. C. Randolph. 
.Ulh Va. ; Robert l\i\ enb.iek, Ist Fla.; W. M. Russell, Tenn. 
Inf. 



M. T. Searles, 20th Ala. ; A. P. Smith, S4th Ga. ; John 
Seals, I2th Tenn. ; A. R. Scrgeon, 2d Ark. ; R. G. Steed, 3d 
Ga. ; Richard Stewart, 30th Ala. ; E. A. Stanbridgc, 29th N. C. 

R. G. Tipton, 54th Ga. ; H. L. Tucker, 43d Ala.; Henry 
Thornton, 30th Va. Inf. 

E. Varner, 6th Fla. 

T. W. Ward. 30th Ark.; James Wilson, 2d Ark.; S. J. 
Williams, 6th Fla.; John Williams, ist .Ark. Cav.; N. J. Win- 
lield, 3d Ga. ; John Whit. 34th Va, : J. S. P. Wardropc. 20th 
N. C. ; J. William, 42d Ga, ; William Russell White, Tcnn., 
fell at battle of Richmond, Ky. 

DAXVILLE CEMETERY. 

Miss Ida Wingate furnishes tlic following list of those 
buried in Danville Cemetery: 

W. Ames. 2d Ark. ; J. R. Ashley, 19th S. C. 

T. P. Boling. 28th Ala.; S,, T, Bryan, 9th S, C. ; E, C. 
Bevins ; J. Barrett, 6th Ark. ; C. B. Burns, 24th Tenn. ; L. C. 
Barnett; A. J, Beccs, 3d Fla,; J. W. Bay, (Ja. ; T. J. Beckley, 
28th Ala.; H. F. Bryan, 8th Ark.; B, D. Butler, 25th La,; \. 
Burns, Ala. 

J. R. Courson, 32d Miss.; M. Compton, Ga, 

William A. Dunn. 7th Fla,, born July 6, 1,841. died in 
pri.son at Danville. Ky,, November 11, 1862: H, Dyoe. i6th 
La.; L. R, Dedlack. 32.1 :\liss. 

W. English, 41st Miss,; S, P, Ethricc, 30th Ala,; J, .\, 
Eastward, 34th Ala. 

D. M. Faini (or Fann). lolh S. C, ; F. J, C. Flity, Fla. 
S, A, Goodman, 2d Miss. 

W. Henderson, igth Miss,; R. G, llardie, 19th S, C. ; H. 
W. Hayden, 45th Ala.; J. B. 1 landman, I2lh Ga. ; T, Har- 
mon, 4Tst Ga, ; L. M. Hicks, Ga. ; T. llorman, 42d Ga, ; W. 
F. Hadccn, 371h Miss.; B, S, Hacley (or Hnclcy), 15th .Ma,; 

B. C. Home; W. Helm, 39th Tenn.; V. F. Husk, 37lh Tenn, 
W, Jackson, 54th Ga. ; C. D. Jenkins, 25th La, 

Capt. C. N. Kerr, gth Tenn, ; H, Kin.g. 39th .Ma, 

E, Lamlis, 13th La, ; W. Larimer, 28th .Ma, 

C. W. McGrow, 56th Ga, : J. Mitchell. 52d Ga. : J. A. 
Meadows, 34th Ala, 

J, Occletree. 20th Ala.; M, Pasting, ,Ma, ; W, M. P.icker, 

G. L. Reeves. 8th Ark. ; Russell, 33d Ala. 

S, W. Stanley, 24th Miss.; J, Selph, 19th Ala,; E. S. Sam- 
lin, 51st Tcnn.; W. Spaten, 24th Ga. ; J. R. Smith. 19th S. C, ; 
W. M. Snow, 29th Ala. : H. Smith, 23d Ala. ; J. K. Stephens, 
loth .\la. 

Leight Thondinson. 24lh Miss, Inf., died November. 1S62, 
aged 35 ; E. Turner ; J. P. Tucker, 45th .Ma. ; C, Thomson, 
42d Ga, ; D. Turner. 19th S. C. 

P. Wilson. 42d Ala.; J. H. Williams, 9th Miss.; J. 11. 
Wilson. 33d ,Ma. ; W, S. Williams, 7th Miss. 

The list of soldiers buried at Harrodsburg.'Ky.. is fur- 
nished by Mrs. Ansel D. Price : 

C. Joseph AUin. Tex, Regt. 

John Carter, 3d .Ark. ; Thomas B. Carter, Secret Service, 

C. S. ,A. ; Capt, Calhoun, Ga. ; .Alonzo Chinn, 1st La. 
Manuel Garcia. Bryncs's Bat. 

Jesse Head. 3d Ark., killed at .Antictam; James E. Hughes, 
3d .Ark,, died in Indiana. 

Jarman Kountz, Ark., buried in Mrs, Poteet's lot. 

Matthew P. Lowry. Price's Command, died in Missouri. 

Capt. McClung. of Tuscumbia, Ala., wounded at Pcrry- 
ville, died at Harrodsburg; B. P. Mc.Alistcr, Miss.; Lafayette 
Marshall, 3d Ark, ; died at Lawrenceburg, Ky, ; Sam N. 
Matheney, 3d Ark,, died at Stanford, Ky. 

Henry Noland, William Noland, Quantrell's Connnand. 



76 



QoQfederat^ l/eterar) 



Alaj. Price, of Tusciimbia, Ala., wounded at Pcrryville, 
died at Harrodsburg. 

Chad. Rennick, Lieutenant QiiantrcH'.'; Command. 

Surgeon Wright, Ga. 

Command not stated: Howard Alexander, killed in South- 
ern K}'. ; George Arnold, wounded at Cynthiana. died at 
Harrodsburg, Ky. ; Thomas B. Carter, mentioned also on page 
75 ; John Kane, Sr., killed at Crockett's Cave, Va. ; David L. 
Richardson, killed at Lebanon ; John C. Singleton, brevet cap- 
tain, killed at Lebanon; G. W. Driver, Col. B. Ford, Helm, 
J. L. Kaars, McClung, Lieut. Lee, Andrew Moses, Mitchell, 
Pitson Miller, William O^lesby, William Price, Smith Rich- 
ards, John Richardson, Park Robert, Lieut. Thomas York, 
wounded at Perryville. died at Harrodsburg, Confederate lot, 
Spring Hill Cemetery. 

NOPKi.y.s \ ij.Li: ci: mi.tihiv 

Mrs. L. McF. Blakemore collected the following list of 
those buried at Hopkinsville. Fourteen dead are unknown. 
A monument was erected by John C. Latham, Esq., to "Un- 
known Dead" before the list of names was discovered : 

R. F. Allen, 7th Tex., died Dec. 15, t86i ; B. Adare, Oct. 
25, 1S61. 

William Bradford, died Nov. 19. 1861 ; J. W. Burton. 3d 
Miss., Nov. 18, 1861 ; Joseph Baxter, 3d Miss.,- Nov. 4, 1861 ; 
W. J. Bottoms, 3d Miss., Nov. 30, 18O1 ; Samuel Barkley, 3d 
Miss., Nov. 12, 1861 ; J. W. Birger, ist Miss., Nov. 14, 1861 ; 
N. J. Bracken, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), Nov. 2, 1861 ; John 
Brogan, ist Miss., Oct. 15, 1861 ; James Bolivar, Nov. 13, 
1861 ; Tewellyn Bryant, aged 18, good boy, Oct. 14, 1861 ; 
J. R. Ballinger, 7th Tex., Dec. 30, 1861 ; J. N. Barnwell, 7th 
Tex., Dec. 19, 1861 ; John K. Bledsoe, 7th Tex., Jan. 26, 1862; 
Lieut. L P. Bassett, 7th Tex., Jan. 25, 1862; E. A. Beaver, 
7th Tex., Jan. 11, 1862; W. H. J. Burke, 7th Tox., Jan. 2, 
iS6r; Wallis Beard, 7th Tex., Dec. iS, 1861. 

James M. Carpenter, 3d Miss.; George W. China, 3d Miss.. 
died Oct. 27, 1861 ; W. T. Christian, 7th Tex., Jan. 27, 1862 ; 
W. W. Crow, 3d Miss. ; Joel Cooper, 3d Miss., Nov. 19, 1861 ; 
Thomas Clanton, 7th Tex., Jan. 20, 1S62; Robert Craney, 7th 
Tex., Feb. 27, 1862; John W. Cross, 7th Tex., Dec. 24, 1861 ; 
M. J. Clough, 7th Tex., Dec. 4, 1861 ; Ben Carr. 7th Tex., 
Jan. 12, 1862. 

Semple Davis, 1st Miss., died Nov. 10, 1861 ; T. F. Daven- 
port, Nov. I, i86r ; J. Davis, 3d Miss., Dec. 20, 1861 ; N. 
Davis, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), Dec. 16, 1861 : R. J. Dyer, 
Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), Dec. 6, 1861 ; R. C. Dunbar, 7th Tex,, 
Jan. 2, [862 ; J. W. Davis, 7th Tex., Dec. 4, 1861 ; D. B. Daw- 
.son, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), Jan. 9, 1862. 

William L. Everette, 7th Tex., died Dec. 27, i85i ; M. J. 
Elkin, 7th Tex.. Jan. 13, 1862; W. B. Ely, 7th Tex., Feb. 2, 
1862. 

W. W. Fortune; J. B. Ferrill, 3d Miss.; John Farney, 3d 
Miss., died Nov. 18, 1861 ; -Isaac Ferguson, 7th Tex., Dec. 
22, 1861; B. F. Fambraough, 7th Tex., Jan. ir, 1862; M. A, 
Feathers, 7th Tex., Jan. 3. 1S62 ; Thomas Funckcr, 7th Tex.. 
Jan. 25, 1862. 

J. J. George, 7th Tex., died Dec. 29, 1S62 ; Hiram Gish, ist 
Miss., Nov. 23, 1861 ; George P. Green. 3d i\Iiss.. Nov. 2^, 
1861; A. L. Goflf, 7th Tex. 

J. J. Henderson, rst Miss., died Nov. 7, 1861 ; H. J. Hill, 
3d Miss., Oct. 26, 1861; Joel C. Hall, 3d Miss., Jan. 24. tS''.2: 
J. T. Hall, Jan. 25, 1862; James W. Hines, 3d Miss., Jan. 20. 
1862; W. J. Haister, ist Miss., Oct. 21, 1861 ; W. T. Henry, 
Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), Jan. 16, 1862; J. Hardin, 7th Tex., 
Dec. 21, 1861 ; L. L. HolloHay, 7th Tex.. Dec. 20, 1861 ; R. 



Hudson, 7th Tex.; M. N. Howe. 7th Tex., Dec. 27, 1861; J. 
N. Hayes, 7th Tex., Jan. 9, 1862; T. J. Harper, 7th Tex., 
Jan. 16, 1S62; E. Hooper, no inscription; Washington Hall, 
man of color. Hill's Co., Grigg's Regt., Tex. (no date; this 
old man was a faithful servant to liis master, and died much 
beloved by his company). 

Job Johnson, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), died Jan. 16, 1862; 
I.-^aiah "VV. James, 3d Miss., Oct. 26, 1S61 ; J. T. Jones, 7th 
Tex., Dec. 25, 1861 ; Robert Jarnien, 7th Tex., Dec. 11, 1861. 

James Kelew, 3d Miss., died Oct. 20, 1861 ; I. AL Knowle, 
7th Tex., Jan. 24, 1862. 

William Letly, 7lh Tex.; W. W. Lewis, 7th Tex., died Dec. 
18. 1861; W. II. Late, 3d Miss., Oct. 30, 1861 ; J. W. Lawler, 
3d Miss., Oct. 22, 1861 ; A. J. Lucas, ist Miss., Jan. 10, 18G2; 
John W. Long, 3d Miss., Feb. 19, 1862; B. F. Lambeth. 7th 
Tex., Jan. 24, 1862 ; Henry J. Lard, 3d Miss., no date. 

H. Moore, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.) ; Sergt. W. D. McCIoud, 
3d Miss., died Nov. 14, 1861 ; D. J. McCraw, 3d Miss., Oct. 30, 
1861 ; Edmund Morgan, 3d Miss., Jan. 21, 1862; W. P. Mose- 
ley, 7th Tex.; R. T. Mc.\nulty, ist Miss., Dec. 10, 1861 ; Cal- 
\ni Mafitte, 3d Miss., Oct. 22, 1861 ; J. B. Morgan, 3d Miss., 
Nov. 21, 1861 ; J. F. McBride, 3d Miss., Nov. 18, 1861 ; W. 
i\Lathings, Nov. i, 1861 ; W. B. Membranie, 7th Tex., Jan. i, 
1862; William Murray, 7th Tex., Nov. 20, 1861 ; Newton Mel- 
ton, 7th Tex., Nov. 15, 1861 ; P. K. Murray, 7th Tex., Dec. 
I. 1861; John W. McClary, "th Tex., Dec. 17, 186 1 ; John 
Mills, /th Tex., Dec. 26, 1861 ; W. B. Middleton, 7th Tex., 
Jan. 18, 1862; L. Martin, 7th Tex.. Jan. it, 1862; P. B. Mar- 
tin, 7th Tex., Jan. 7, 1862. 

J. W. Northlott, 1st Miss., died Jan. 9, 1S62 ; Harman New- 
son, 3d Miss., Nov. I, 1861 ; P. J. Najdor, 7th Tex.. Dec. 24. 
i86i; W. W. Naylor, 7th Tex., Jan. 12, 1862. 

John F. Oliver, 7th Tex., died Dec. 2, 1861. 

James Palmer, 3d Miss., died Nov. 10, 1861 ; T. Perkins, 
3d Miss. ; William Palmer, 7tli Tex., Dec. 20, 1861 ; J. L. 
Payneto, 7th Tex., Dec. 29, 1861 ; Cicero M. Potts, aged iS. 
3d Miss., Nov. 21, 1861 ; James Palmer, Forrest's Cav. 
(Tenn.), Jan. 22, 1862; S. U. Peiry, 7th Tex.. Feb. i. 1862; 
George W. Pegues, 7th Tex., Dec. 28, 1861 ; A. W. Pearson, 
7lh Tex., Jan. 10, 1862 ; John M. Payne, 7th Tex., Feb. 4. 
1S62 ; L Percival, 7th Tex., Dec. 25. 1861 ; J. T. Potts. 3d 
Miss., Dec. 9, 1861. 

William Roe, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), died Jan. 16, 1862; 
W. W. Rozell, 7th Tex., Dec. 17. 1861 ; James Robinson. 7tli 
Tex., Jan. 13, 1862; J. C. Recce, Miss. Vols., Oct. i_|. 1861. 
Ira Rualls, Nov. 6, 1861 ; J. M. Reed, 1st Miss., Oct. 15, 1S61 ; 
V. D. Roney, 3d Miss., Nov. 4, 1861 ; George Rice. Jan. 13, 
1862; John Robert. Nov. 19, 1861 ; W. J. Roberts. 7lh Tex., 
Dec. 26, 1861. 

Daniel Seymore, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), died Jan. 31, 1862; 
F. M. Smith, Forrest's Cav. (Tenn.), Jan. 12, 1862; J. O. 
Steel, 2d Miss., Nov. 3, 1861 ; C. C. Singleton, ist Miss., Jan. 
8, 1S62; W. Singleton, 3d Miss., Oct. 26, 1861 ; Peter A. 
Sewant, 3d Miss.; E. W. Smith, 3d Miss., Oct. 26, 1861 ; R. 
J. Southerland, 3d Miss., Oct. 29, 1861 ; PL M. Story, 7th 
Tex., Jan. 13. 1862; IT. W. Spade, 7th Tex., Jan. 3. 1862; R. 
W. Sparks, 7th Tex., Dec. 23, 1861 ; E. T. Stephens, 7th 
Tex., Dec. 24, 1862 ; F. H. Smith. 7th Tex.. Dec. 20, 1861 ; 
Bailey Sypert, 7th Tex., Dec. 6, 1861 ; J. A. Strain, 7th Tex,, 
Dec. 2, 1861 ; George W. Stewart. 7th Tex.. Dec. 7, 1861 ; 
Henry Sordon, 7th Tex.. Jan. 6, 1862: C. F. Scarborough, 
7th Tex., Dec. 22, 1861 ; W. Sansbaugh, 7th Tex., Jan. 2, 1862; 
John Scott, 7th Tex., Jan. t6. i8fi2 ; f\. J. Shelboiirn. 7th 
Tex.. Jan. 2, 1862. 



Qoi>federate l/eterap. 



77 



William Tumblin, 3d Miss., died Feb. 13, 1862; Daniel Todd, 
Nov. 21, 1S61; John D. Trice, 7th Te.x., Dec. 17, 186 1 ; J. W. 
Taylor, 7th Tex., Dec. 27, 1861 ; VV. F. Thompson, 7th Tex., 
Jan. 4, 1862; James Thomas, 7th Tex., Dec. 28, 1861 ; Mat- 
thew Tyner, 3d Miss; Thomas J. Teyner, 3d Miss. 

F. Utzman, 7th Tex., died Jan. 6, 1862. 

F. J. Vincent, ist Miss., died Dec. 28. 1861 ; F. F. Vander- 
syice, Jan. 7, 1862; L. H. Vcrchcr, 7th Tex., Dec. 26, 1861. 

J. W. Whaleer, ist Miss., died Dec. 16. 1861 ; M. Winner, 
3d Miss., Jan. 20, 1862; J. W. Wilkinson, 3d Miss., Nov. 26. 
1861 ; W. E. Wincham, 3d Miss.; John West, 3d Miss.. Oct. 
22, 1861; Phil Wilkerson, 3d Miss., Dec. 20, 1861 ; J. II. Wil- 
liams, Miss. Vols.; L. G. Williams, Green's Artillery, Jan. 20. 
T862; W. G. G. Whitney, 7th Tex., Jan. tq, 1862; John R. 
Williams, 7fh Tex., Jan. 24, 1862; W. M. Webster. 7th Tex., 
Dec. 17, 1861; D. B. Webster, 7th Tex., Dec. 13. 1861 ; J. 
Wilson, 7th Tex., Dec. 15. tR6i ; James E. Watson. 7th Tex.. 
Dec. 22, 1861 ; J. T. Waller, 7th Tex., Dec. 27, 1861 : John C. 
Wallace, 3d Miss., Feb. 5. 1862; G. H. Wilson, 7th Tex.. Jan. 
6. 1862. 

John Youns, Forrest's Cav. (Tcnn.), died Dec. 5. 1861 : 
J. A. Youngblood, 7th Tex.. Dec. 23, 1862. 



The following were Innied at Camp Chns''. Ohio: 

J. L. Causey, Ordnance Sergeant. 3d Mi<;s. Bat . died Jan. 
ifi. 1S65, aged 37 years, residence Osyka, Miss. 

J. D. Ncwsom, Co. D. 29th Ala. Regt. 

George Ranney, horn in T.ivcrmorc, Ky., July 24. 1839; 
died Oct. 23. 1863. 

There is a most pathetic interest attached to the namc?< 
sent hy Mrs. Blakemore from Hopkinsville. Walking one 
day with John C. T.atham. of New York, through a neglected 
portion of the old cemetery at Hopkinsville. Mr. H. C. Gant 
pointed out a spot overgrown with weeds and briers, and 
remnrkod that it was the last resting place of Confederate 
soldiers who had died at Hopkinsville during the fall and 
winter of 1861-62. 

To a man of Mr. Latham's lofty sentiments and high ideals, 
himself an ex-Confederate soldier, there was something in- 
expressibly sad in the contemplation of this patch of tangled 
nnderbrnsh where rested the bodies of so many of his com- 
rades. Snhseqnently, he placed funds at Mr. Grant's disposal 
for the erection of a monument, with th " instruction to ex- 
hume all the bodies, place tbem in neat coffins, and rebury 
them in a circle around the site of the proposed monument. 
There was absolutely nothing by which the bones could be 
identified. The monument was completed May to. t&'?8, at 
a cost of twelve thousand dollars ; and after many years 
an insignificant-looking memorandum book, which had lain 
in the dust and debris of an old desk in the bank at Hopkins- 
ville since it was put there in t86t or 1S62. has brought to 
Ivbt the names and records of the Confederate dead, in whose 
memory the magnificent granite shaft was erected. 

The dead were buried in rows in the northeast corner of 
the cemetery. Beginning with Row No. I, the owner of the 
memorandum book. George C. Anderson. Cotton Gin. Tex., 
bad written legibly in ink the name, rank, and company of 
each dead soldier, about two hundred and thirty in all. A 
great many bodies were afterwards exhumed by relatives. 
but Mr. Gant and his associates found and reburied the 
bones of one hundred and one soldiers. Over their dust the 
T.atham Monnniont stands an enduring tribute to all of valor 
that cannot die. 

These men died during an epidemir of black measles in 



the fall and winter of 1861-62. That their names and records 
were preserved under the circumstances is an enduring trib- 
ute to George C. Anderson, the owner of the memorandum 
l>ook. His thought for others should be an example to us all. 

A CAPT. XANCE OF TEXAS. 

Notice of the consolidation of two weekly newspapers at 
Athens, Tenn., a few months ago included a reminiscence of 
war times by an exchange. Editor W. F. McCarron was a 
Union soldier, and the editor from which the reminiscence i- 
copied was his prisoner. 

On the night of the l6th of December, 1863, about sixty 
Federal soldiers under command of a Col. Dorr and Lieut. 
McCarron, of the Eighth Iowa Cavalry, made a midnight raid 
upon this section, and captured a fragment of the Ninth Ten- 
nessee Confederate Regiment, including W. P. Rutland and 
Green Burnett, of Nashville, George Williamson and Larry 
Vivrett, of Wilson County. A Capt. Nance, of Texas, and 
several other Confederates, who were enjoying home com- 
forts, including the editor of the Bakerville Reviczv, were 
captured and taken to Rock Island prison. 

A very strange coincident took place on the night of the 
raid. It was intensely dark, and rain had been pouring inces- 
santly all day, the ground being mushy and rotten. The 
column, w-ith their 'prisoners, was moving down Buffalo Val- 
ley toward headquarters, at Waverly, when a large chestnut 
tree turned up by the roots and fell obliquely across the 
marching column, mashing Capt. Nance and his horse into 
the earth. Both man and horse were dead in a second. 

Capt. Nance's body was buried next day on the hill by 
the citizens without a coffin. AH traces of his grave are 
now obliterated. His home was unknown, except that he said 
he was from Texas. No one ever inquired for him. He was 
about forty-five years old, and possessed a commanding and 
intellectual appearance. 

Roll Call after Nearly Forty Years.— The first reunion 
of surviving Confederate soldiers of Company C, First C. 
and C. Regiment, Second Indian Brigade, was held al 
Carthage, Tex., last November. The roll of said company, 
which was the first one to leave Carthage with a total mem- 
bership of one hundred and seventy-five, was called by the 
old orderly. Sergt. J. T. Allison, and eighteen were present. 
They organized as the "Douglas H. Cooper" Camp, with 
permanent headquarters at Carthage. Tex. All absent sur- 
vivors of said company may become members of the Camp, 
and no dues or charges shall ever be assessed upon its mem- 
bers. Annual reunions are to be held on the second Tuesday 
in .April of each year." J. N. Hays and J. T. Allison were 
elected Captain and Orderly Sergeant of the Camp. 



CONFEDEKATF- MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION Op SpoTTSVI.VANIA, 

Va. — The many homes in the Southern States represented by 
their dead who are buried in the cemetery at Spottsylvania 
C. H., Va., will be glad to know that the Association 
is again reorganized and will do some active work in re- 
pairs, and give special care to the graves of the brave dead. 
All of the original members except two who did active work 
in the Association have died, and for some years no care has 
been given to the cemetery. Now the children and grand- 
children are not willing that memories yet so dear shall be 
entirely neglected, and the effort to again revive the old As- 
sociation has met with hearty sympathy and cooperation. 
Mrs. Samuel W. Alrich is President, and Miss Mary B. 
Gayle, Secretarv. 



78 



Qoijfederate l/eteraQ. 



A MONUMENT TO FATHER RYAN. 

It is gratifying to know that a movement has been inau- 
gurated by the Mobile Register to erect a monument to the 
patriot poet-priest of the Confederacy, Father A. J. Ryan. Tlie 
body of this gifted son of the South lies buried in the Catho- 
lic cemetery of Mobile, where he resided for many years. 
A substantial stone marks his Christian faith, but there is no 
statue to keep alive his memory as the South's beloved and 
honored poet. The Register says : "We imagine this pro- 
posal will meet with a quick and generous response all over 
this country, for Father Ryan, although he sang of the South 
and was chief mourner in her desolation, was a world poet 
and sang of many things, with a song that reached down deep 
into humanity's heart. Xcithcr time nor clime bound his 
influence. Wherever genius is admired there is admiration 
for Abram J. Ryan, whether here at home or in the North, 
or even the far Pacific Coast." 

Commenting on the movement to erect this monument, the 
Picayune, of New Orleans, gives the following : ''We, in these 
Southern States, have our heroes and martyrs whose names 
and deeds are worthy to be handed down through the ages, 
and we are piling up monuments of perishable material ; but 
it is to our bards that we must trust for the immortality which 
our heroes deserve. Of the poets of the South who took part 
in and have sung of the South's Heroic Age, Father Ryan 
stands among the first. He was educated for the Roman 
Catholic priesthood, and, shortly after, having been ordained, 
he became a chaplain in the Confederate army, serving to the 
close of the war of 1861-65. No sooner was his strenuous 
work in the field concluded than he began to write of the 
cause to which he had been so much devoted, and soon after 
Lee's surrender he composed his celebrated poem, "The Con- 
quered Banner," which was only one of a great number on 
patriotic, religious, and miscellaneous themes. He has, like 
the ancient Roman singer, Horace, built for himself in his 
poetry a monument more lasting than bronze ; but this does 
not discharge the debt of admiration and gratitude which the 
people of these Southern States owe him for what he has done 
to consign to immortality, embalmed in his noble lines, the 
glorious events and deeds of the men and women of the 
South's Heroic Age. Let them unite to build at Mobile a 
memorial worthy of this noble poet of the South and the 
South's great cause." 

TRIBUTE BV MRS. J. R. RYAN, BIRMINGHAM, ALA. 

In priestly robes he stands 

With wan and pleading face. 
Uplifted brow with thought o'ercast. 

And sympathetic g.race. 

.\ far-away, deep, questioning look 

In melancholy eyes; 
Sad, tender lips with sorrow pres.'^ed. 

Whose smiles were almost sighs. 

Low, silvery voiced, with eloquence 

That channed while hours fled. 
Revealing hope and heaven beyond. 

Seemed but a moment sped. 

True, loyal son, loved well his land 

When darkened were her skies ; 
He furled her starry banner. 

And kissed her sorrowing eyes. 



He sang the saddest story 

E'er sung of conquered glory, 
Of a flag that flashed and faded from all view; 

Of a nation's hope that perished 

And the dreams they fondly cherished 
I'hat were buried with their heroes brave and true. 

Sang a requiem sad and holy 

O'er that banner trailing lowly, 
\Vhere the palm tree waved o'er thousands in their woe; 

They bent with hearts deep riven, 

■Without hope save that of heaven. 
Burying loved ones 'neath the moonlight's pallid glow. 

He knelt beside the bleeding, 

His own pain and grief unheeding. 
Soothed the anguish of the dying 'midst the slain ; 

His deeds adown the ages 

With music of his pages, 
Sweetest incense to his mem'ry will remain.. 

Birmingham, Ala. 

WORK OF A CHAPTER IN CALIFORNIA. 

The achievements of the Jefferson Davis Chapter, No. 540, 
of San Francisco, contain the following in the report of Mrs. 
\^irginia Bowling Hilliard, the historian: 

"At the State Convention held in San Francisco in October, 
1903, a motion was passed that in future conventions each 
Chapter should give a detailed account of all work done during 
the year. 

"The Jefl'erson Davis Chapter, in its second year, has a 
membership of over two hundred. It meets in the rooms of 
[he Philomath Club. We found there most cheerful, agree- 
able quarters, even to the use of the daintiest china. The in- 
terest of our members is evidenced by the attendance of from 
seventy-five to one hundred at the monthly meetings. 

"Our treasuries, Veterans' Fund and Chapter's purse, have 
paid out during the year, between conventions of 1903 and 1904, 
$1,055. 1 his amount was disbursed by loans to veterans, 
money given direct to them and to other needy Southern 
cases, to the expenses of conventions. Chapter expenses, and 
memorial work. We have been called upon by the public 
several times to help veterans in need. The sheriff called 
upon us to assist an old veteran and wife. They had been 
ordered to be evicted from their rooms, and the sheriff had 
not the courage to do it. The veteran was paralyzed. A 
lady, wife of a Manager on a G. A. R. Home Board, called to 
place in our care the widow of a veteran — old, poor, and ill 
with pneumonia. The Associated Charities requested our aid 
to send to his home in the South a young man dying of con- 
sumption. A lady in the Santa Clara Valley appealed to us 
for an old veteran. A word about this last case, it was so 
pathetic; He was- an educated man, but had been for some 
time a farm hand. Exhausted by such work and his age, he 
was anxious to get a clerical position. We brought him to the 
city, and had in view a light place for him, when, on the second 
day he made another visit to Mrs. James P. Massie, herself 
the wife of a veteran and Chairman of the Charity Commit- 
tee, to say that he would prefer to return to his native State, 
Alabama, to friends there. We sent him, equipped with every 
comfort, and money in his pocket ; but he had stood the stress 
too long, for on arriving home he was in fever. He lingered 
but two days and was gone, not, however, before charging 
his friends to send us loving messages and heartiest gratitude. 
You can understand how thankful we were to have brought 



Qoi?federate l/eterap. 



79 



Cdinfort ami siipiiort to his fainting ^oul and body at the 
Liul, while deeply regretting that onr aid had come too late. 
riiese lew cases we instance to show what is expected of us, 
and thai we are put to strong effort to meet all calls upon us. 

Vetek.vns' Fund. 

"Last year the Chapter fiiund a Veterans' Fund a neces- 
sity, and inaugurated it hy asking yearly suhscriptions of 
twelve cldllars from gentlemen interested in our work. We 
are glad also of aid from the ladies, and have now suhscrihers 
from hoth, taking a lesser sum wdicn offered. This fund is 
not yet as large as we need, hut time and the interest of our 
memhers will secure it. 

"Of the expense of conventions w-c will not speak; dignity 
anil hiKpitality would he offended therein-. The details of 
(.'haiiler work require nn^ney, as each Chapter knows, and 
these have heen met. 

Memoki.\l ..\nd Hi.stokuai. NWrk. 

"Memorial work has heen assisted whenever a call came. 
Ten dollars has heen contrihntcd to the lien. John B. Gordon 
monument, ten dollars to that for Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, and ten 
dollars to one for Gen. Wade Hampton. Our pledge a year 
ago of all initiation fees to the Jefferson Davis Monument in 
Kichmont has been fulfilled by a check for two hundred dollars 
sent to its Treasurer. Ten dollars was given to Miss Baugh- 
nian for the Solid South Room in the Memorial Museum at 
Richmond, of which she is in charge. She had been so gen- 
erous to our Slate at the Richmond Bazaar that wc felt this 
a trilling hut requisite acknowledgment of her courteous at- 
lention. She will appreciate our ]'raihook and any other lit- 
erature hearing on our Slate work. The Solid South Room is 
the receptacle for all literature concerning the I'. D. C. work 
or interest outside of the Southern States. We ask each 
Chapter to hear her work in mind, as in the museum each 
Soulhern Stale has its own room, filled with its State relics, 
etc. 

"I'ive dollars h.as heen donated on appeal from the Chapter 
at I'ampa, Fla., to place a memorial window to Father Ryan, 
the war poet of the South. A hook of his poems would he 
valuable to each of us. 'Beauvoir,' in Mississippi, the former 
home of Jefferson Davis, has become the property of the U. 
D. C. Our Chapter has supplied all the furniture for the 
library in this old home, doing so in memory of the distin- 
guished man whose name the Chapter bears, and who once 
lUvelt in this historic house. 

"We have given out but nine 'Crosses of Honor' in the 
year, our experience showing that, while some veterans hold 
these crosses most valuable and dear, others refuse them. 
They, however, often gladly give to our \'eteraus' Fund in aid 
of their old comrades. 

"Sorrow and loss have entered our ranks. We felt deeply 
ihe going of our honorary member, Mrs. James D. Thornton, 
at who.se home we held our first regular meeting and unrolled 
our Charter, with its fifty-five members. Her life had been 
of the old pattern — of home, friends, and Church. She had 
borne Uvelve children, and lived to see all leave the home save 
one. Her life closed in honor, faith, and peace. Then Mrs. 
Shadburue was taken from ns, the wife of our veteran mem- 
ber. Col. George D. Shadburue, who throughout the war 
served on the .staff of Gen. Wade Hampton. Hers had also 
In en an inclosed, sweet life. She left a desolate husband and 
a fannl.\, who bless and honor her memory. Our veteran 
member, Mr. W. B. Eastin, also lost his wife, and stands 
alone. There also passed to the home above our faithful 
friend, Mrs. Hemenway, mother of our honored member, 



Miss Eleanor F. Hemenway. She left the record of a well- 
spent life, sweetened by the most patient endurance of bodily 
weakness during its latter years. Those wdio came in close 
contact with her alone can appreciate her true worth, and un- 
derstand how great a sorrow rests upon her devoted daugh- 
ter. To each broken household we e.xtcnded fitting memorials 
and loving .sympathy. 

"Cheering us under these losses rang the wedding bells 
five times in our midst, and to each bride or groom member 
was presented the Chapter's wedding gift, a set of Confed- 
erate flags, framed and matted in gray. 

"The first entertainment the Chapter has given to raise 
funds for its work was a garden fete at Idora Park late in 
May. It was most successful, socially and financially. Tickets 
were disposed of only among members and friends, and, W'ilh 
but two weeks' prejiaration. we ncttcil tw-o hundred and thirty 
dollars. The day proved so agreeable that many pleaded to 
have it repeated as a yearly function of our Chapter. Our 
financial success was in a great measure due to the generous 
arrangements made us by the manager of the park. 

"We must not fail to record our Christmas boxes to vet- 
erans at the city and county almshouse of San Francisco; in 
these, besides Christmas dainties of all kinds, were two new 
suits of underwear for each and a set of handkerchiefs and 
warm clothing, little worn. 

"At the request of the Chapter, the formation of a Junior 
Auxiliary was undertaken by Mrs. Frank Walker. 

"You now have a cursory view of the work of Jefferson 
Davis Chapter during the past year. But any summary of 
this work would be indeed incomplete did it not recognize 
the efficient and valuable leadership of the President. Mrs. 
Sidney M. Van Wyck. who has given, since its foundation, 
almost her entire time to the furtherance of the Chapter's in- 
terests, and to whom mainly is due its prosperity and success. 
Our membership, by its great increase to three hundred and 
five, gives us hope of still being able to meet all demands. 
We welcome each member, as, wdicther she proves a worker 
or not, her dues will he of assistance, fulfilling the old Scotch 
adage : 'ATany a micklc makes a muckle' to U. D. C. benefit. 

"Our sister Chapter in this city, the pioneer of our Stale, 
has a most beautiful motto: 'Unity in great things, liberty in 
small things, and charity in all.' May the spirit of these words 
permeate our Chapters throughout the division, giving har- 
mony and pleasure in every department of our work !" 



NOTE AND COMMENT BY A UNION OFFICER. 

BY JUDGE P. P. C.\RROLL, SEATTI.E, WASH. 

The CoxFEnER.vTE \eteran' established a place in my home, 
and is read with interest. The writer was an active par- 
ticipant in many of the battles and scenes mei^ioned in the 
Veteran. Dr. John R. Gildcrsleeve's address on "Chim- 
borazo Hospital during 1861-65" and "Group of General and 
Staff Officers, Florida Division, United Confederate Vet- 
eran;;,'' in your December number coerced me into writing 
this letter. I was a member of Dupont's fleet that reduced 
and took possession of Port Royal, S. C., and St. Augustine 
and Fernandina. Fla.. in 1861-62. I was in command of 
Camp Chiinborazo after the fall of Richmond, in 1865. Into 
Camp Chimborazo we gathered the floating contrabands and 
refugees, and utilized them in cleaning up and rebuilding the 
historic city. In July. 186.S, I W'as relieved at Chimborazo, 
and as military commandant ordered to a sub-district with 
headquarters at Point of Rocks, on the Appomattox, where 
I met my Rebel half, who still insists that she knows of one 



80 



QoQfederate l/eterai>. 



"Yank" that was and is conquered. On being ordered to 
Washington in the fall of 1865, I visited Richmond, and there 
met relatives of my wife tliat I paroled from the Point of 
Rocks military prison, Maryland. In obedience to orders. I 
finally found myself in the city of New Orleans, La., where 
I resigned the service to engage in civil affairs under the 
sign of attorney and counselor, advocate. My, what a whirl 
there was in those days of so-called reconstruction — re- 
destruction ! 

New Orleans then was the Mecca of ex-Confederates, as 
well as many others. There I often met and was pleased to 
have on my list of friends two generals, John B. Gordon and 
Longstreet; also Gens. Beauregard, Hood, Bragg, Early, and 
others. Govs, Chamberlain, of South Carolina, and Ames, of 
Mississippi, and other Governors of reconstruction days could 
occasionally be seen at the clubs. Gen. Mahone, of Virginia, 
and the late Justice Lamar, of the United States Supreme 
Court, did not forget to visit the Crescent City during the 
Mardi Gras season. 

Of them all, I saw most of Longstreet and knew him best. 
During the great riot of the 14th of September, 1874, I was 
holding court in the parish of St. Bernard, adjoining the city 
of New Orleans on the south. On the evening of the 12th of 
September I had a long talk with Gen. Longstreet, Chief of 
Police Badger, and two others, whose names I do not now 
remember, but who were officers of the State militia and 
metropolitan police. I think the police officer was Capt. 
Lawler, an ex-officer of the Union army. At that meeting 
it seemed to be understood that if trouble came and the 
militia were called into action, Gen. Longstreet would take 
active command of the State military forces. He was looked 
upon by every one who hoped for peace as the man of the 
hour and to whose advice the opposing elements would listen. 
He certainly was the man to command the forces of the 
government; and when the order (which it was) was handed 
to him to take command, while it was seen that he did not 
relish the order, he, soldierlike, obeyed and did his duty as 
he understood it. In this he believed he was right, as on 
the same belief of right action, he, in the hour of need, stood 
by the Confederacy. Gen. Longstreet was not a party to the 
hatreds or political troubles then existing. 

It was not the fault of the people, but rather of the policy 
of reconstruction, that sought to put the "bottom rail on 
top" under the promise of "forty acres and a mule," regard- 
less of the lessons of history, the weakness, inexperience, 
and ignorance of an inferior race. Section two of the Four- 
teenth Amendment and the Fifteenth Amendment to the 
United States Constitution are to-day nullities. They cannot, 
will not, be enforced. Reconstruction should have failed as 
it did. 



"OLD ST. leger: 



BY MILFORD OVERLEY, NINTH KENTUCKY CAVALRY, C. S. A., 
FLEMINGSBURG, KY. 

Col. St. Leger Grenfel was an Englishman, an officer of 
the British army, here on leave of absence during the War 
between the States, seeking adventure. This he found as ad- 
jutant general of Morgan's command of mounted Confed- 
erates in the early part of the war. He was a soldier by pro- 
fession, and war was his delight. The tented field had been 
his home from boyhood, and the bugle's blast and the can- 
non's roar were to him sweeter music than the softest notes 
of the guitar. He had served in the armies of half a dozen 
different nations, had fought battles in all the grand divisions 



of the globe, and he wore the scars of fifteen wounds made by 
ball and blade. He was a fine horseman, an expert swords- 
man, a dead shot, and a man without fear. He was above the 
medium height, finely formed, erect as an Indian, proud as a 
prince, sixty years of age, and a bachelor. We then knew 
little of his history — knew him only as "Old St. Leger" — and, 
while all admired his splendid courage, few really liked the 
man because of his savage temper and his strict discipline. 

Grenfel's family w'as one of wealth and influence, but he 
appears to have been a wayward and disobedient boy. When 
quite young he ran away from home and England because 
his father would not permit him to join the army. Making 
his way to Algeria, a colonial possession of the French, on 
the northern coast of Africa, he enlisted as a private in a 
regiment of native troops. Soon his reckless daring won for 
him a lieutenancy, and so well had he drilled and disciplined 
his company of wild Algerines that on review they attracted 
the special attention of Marshal McMahon, the French com- 
mander in chief, w'ho compliinented them and their young 
officer on their soldierly appearance. 

.\ few years later he was in the Moorish army, and it was 
he who exterminated the hordes of pirates that infested the 
Mediterranean coast of Morocco. When the French bombarded 
Tangiers, Grenfel was in the artillery service, and his guns 
responded defiantly to those of his former friends. The city 
was taken, but he escaped, and became one of the most de- 
\oted followers of the renowned Abd-el-Kadir. Later on he 
was a private in the Turkish army, learning the art of war 
with "The Sick Man's" soldiers. 

After many years of wandering and soldiering, chiefly 
among semibarbarians, he returned to England. A Briton, 
he was thoroughly loyal to his country, and he had come 
home to serve in her armies. Friends aided him with money 
and their influence, and he entered as a cominissioned officer. 
Soon he acquired the courtly manners and lofty bearing that 
characterize British army officers, and he learned the art of 
civilized warfare. 

In the war between England and China — 1840-42 — Grenfel, 
in storming a fortified building, received a saber cut in the 
face, the scar of which he carried to his grave. He partici- 
pated in the Crimean War, was a captain of cavalry at Bala- 
klava, and he rode with Cardigan in the celebrated charge of 
the "Light Brigade'' October 25, 1854. Four years later he 
was fighting the mutinous Sepoys, of India. In 1859 he ob- 
tained leave of absence to aid France and her Italian allies in 
their war against Austria. In the battle of Magenta, while 
acting as aid to Marshal Bazine, he was desperately wounded. 

Whenever England was not engaged in war Grenfel was 
unhappy, and wanted leave of absence to go in quest of ad- 
venture. Once, when all the world was at peace, he wandered 
away to the "Dark Continent," and in the jungles of South 
Africa he made war upon the lions and tigers. 

Scarcely had he recovered from the wounds received at 
Magenta when the War between the States began, and, as he 
had never fought a battle in North America (he had been 
with Garibaldi, the Italian chieftain, in South America), over 
the ocean he came, and to Gen. Morgan he offered his serv- 
ices as the one most likely to furnish him what he was hunt- 
ing for — plenty of dare-devil adventure. 

In Morgan's first fight at Cynthiana Col. Grenfel wore a 
bright red skullcap — a conspicuous mark for Yankee bullets 
— and was everywhere in the thickest of the fight. As Col. 
Landrum, the Federal commander, was being forced back 
from one position to another, contesting every foot of ground, 
some of his men halted in the railroad depot and were pouring 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



81 



a galling fire into the Confederate ranks. Ag.-'rist these the 
Englishman led a furious charge, routing them and complet- 
ing the victory. In this charge eleven balls pierced St. Leger's 
horse, his clothing, and himself, one perforating his scarlet 
cap; yet, strange as it may seem, he was not seriously hurt. 
As in this instance, he always sought the post of danger, not 
for any honor that might attach thereto, but because it af- 
forded him real enjoyment. He would permit none to lead 
him in a charge ; in a retreat he was ever nearest the enemy. 
Age had not cooled his blood, and at sixty his reckless daring 
won the admiration of our young Kentucky cavalrymen, the 
boldest of whom cc ,d not surpass him in dash and deeds of 
daring. Gen. Duke, in his "History of Morgan's Cavalry," 
says of Col. Grenfel : "He was fond of discussing military 
affairs, but did not like to talk about himself; and, although 
I talked to him daily, it was months before he told me any- 
thing of his history. He was a thorough ,md very accom- 
plished soldier, and he may have encountered something in 
early life that he feared ; but if so, it !iad ceased to exist." 

In the winter of 1863 he resigned his p. sition as adjutant 
general of Morgan's command, and accepted that of inspector 
of cavalry for the Army of Tennessee. This afforded him 
the long-wished-for opportunity to try some of his British 
army discipline on our wild Western cavalrymen ; but it 
would not work on the boys, and the old m: n gave up the job 
ill disgust. He had commanded and disciplined Moors, Al- 
gerines, the Sepoys of India, and other half-civili/ed soldiers; 
but he had never before encountered men who would "fight 
like the devil, but would do as they pleased, like these d — d 
Rebel cavalrymen." 

Severing his connection with the Confederate army, but 
remaining a true and devoted friend of the South, he went 
to Canada, preparatory to his return to England. There he 
met a number of old friends and former comrades, among 
whom were Capts. T. Henry Hines and John B. Castlemaii, 
both of Morgan's Command. These men were in the secret 
service of the South, and they were maturing a plan for the 
liberation of the five thousand Confederate prisoners in Camp 
Douglas, Chicago. The attempt was to be made on the 29th 
of August, 1864. the day succeeding that on which the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention was to meet in Chicago. Hines, 
Castleman. and other officers, with about sixty Confederate 
soldiers, escaped prisoners, were to attend the convention in 
disguise, communicate with the inmates of the prison, who 
were to act in concert witli their friends on the outside, have 
guns near to arm all, and at a given signal the prisoners were 
to rush upon their guards, overpower them, force the gates, 
march out and receive their arms, and then they were to 
fight their way to Kentucky or Missouri. 

Here was perilous adventure for the old Englishman; but 
unfortunately, as he considered it, he was no longer a Con- 
federate soldier, but was an officer of the British army, and 
could not. without violating an obligation, ^ssist the boys in 
liberating their comrades; but he would go with them to 
Chicago to see the result of their rash undertaking. 

Convention day came, and with it an immense gathering of 
war Democrats and peace men. The Confederates were there 
too, Hines and Castleman having preceded the others several 
days. They had communicated with the prisoners, a signal 
for the attack upon the guard had been arranged, and all 
seemed hopeful of success. But by some means — possibly 
through treachery upon the part of some one in the confidence 
of the Confederates — the Federal authorities had become awn re 
of the existence of the conspiracy and the presence of the 
conspirators. The guard at the prison was doubled and the 



city police greatly strengthened, so that any attempt to re- 
lease the prisoners at that time would certainly result in 
failure and probably in the death of many good soldiers. In 
view of these conditions, it was decided to leave Chicago. 

Some of the Confederates returned to Canada, while others 
went Southward to join their comrades. All escaped from 
Chicago excepting Col. Grenfel and Col. Vincent Marma- 
duke, of Missouri. These, lingering too long, were captured, 
tried by court-martial, condemned, and the death sentence 
passed upon thein. But President Lincoln commuted this to 
imprisonment for life. Marmaduke was confined in soine 
prison of the North, from which, however, he was pardoned 
soon after the war closed. Grenfel was sent to the Dry Tortu- 
gas, a bare island south of Florida, to a U. S. military post. 

The treatment received by Col. Grenfel in his island prison 
is said to have been brutal. He was driven about like a 
galley slave and tortured for the most trivial offense. He was 
tied up by the thumbs and other barbarous and degrading 
punishment inflicted in order to subdue his proud, resentful 
spirit. Had his keepers been true soldiers, they would have 
respected him for his forty years of service in the wars of the 
world and for the many scars he carried, but for these they 
seemed to hate him. 

Goaded to desperation by inhuman treatment, the brave old 
Briton determined to flee to the ocean for refuge or for a 
grave; so one dark night, when his jailers slept and the winds 
were hushed, he stole out from his prison berth to the beach, 
embarked in a frail craft, and put out to sea. A storm fell 
upon the waters, and he was lost. 

Thus perished one of the knightliest soldiers of the nine- 
teenth century, one who had braved death in a hundred bat- 
tles and lived only to feed with his flesh the tenants of the 
deep. Kings, lords, and mighty warriors have gone down to 
graves in the briny sea. but its blue waters never closed over 
a braver heart than that of St. Leger Grenfel; and not till 
Gabriel's bugle sounds the great reveille and the sea gives 
up its dead will it be known just when and where he fought 
his last battle. 



TRIBUTE TO VIRGINIA. 
The roses nowhere bloom so white 

As in Virginia. 
The simshine nowhere shines so bright 

As in Virginia. 
The birds nowhere sing so sweet. 
And nowhere hearts so lightly beat, 
For heaven and earth seem \.z*l\ tj meet 

Down in Virginia. 

The days are nowhere quite so long 

As in Virginia, 
Nor quite so filled with happy song * 

As in Virginia. 
So when my time has come to die 
Just take me back and let me lie 
Where the noble James goes rolling by, 

Down in Virginia. 

There is nowhere a land so fair 

As in Virginia, 
So full of song and free of care 

As in Virginia; 
And I believe that happy land 
The Lord's prepared for mortal man 
Is built exactly on the plan 

Of Old Virginia. 



82 



Qoi)federate l/etcrap. 



WORK OF THE U. D. C. IN OHIO. 

ADDRESS IN ST. LOUIS OF MRS. FLORENCE TUCKER WINDER. 

Madam President and United Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy: The regular place for my report comes in just after that 
of the Division of North Carolina, and it has in the past given 
me great pleasure to follow it ; but to-day it is with a real 
feeling of sadness that I do so, since Mrs. F. A. Olds, its 
President, lies dead — a warm personal friend of mine, and 
one who, three conventions ago in New Orleans, gave her 
support and approbation of our work in Ohio by waving over 
us on one side the flag of our beloved native State, North 
Carolina, while, on the other, was unfurled the beautiful ban- 
ner presented by IMrs. Rosenbiirg, of Te.xas, as many of us 
sang : 
"Carolina ! Carolina ! Heaven's blessing upon her ! 
While we live we will cherish, protect, and defend her." 

This organization had not a more zealous, active, intelli- 
gent worker than she, whose memory I thus delight to honor. 

United Daughters of Louisiana in particular, we want to 
thank you for having little children sing the song which has 
given us occasion for this assembling, "The Bonny Blue Flag," 
and that little children drew our places on this floor; thus, 
though our Division is not large, innocent hands placed us 
where we could hear; the general order has given us a place 
from which we can be heard. 

Now, Daughters, I have nothing but pleasant things to say 
of the members of my Division. Therefore, in justice, please 
hear me patiently, and you will know, better than you ever 
knew before, how happy, loyal, peaceful, and good we are; 
for I want to tell you that we care for your living far from 
their earthly home and your dead, whose souls have reached 
their heavenly home — therefore from this platform it gives 
me infinite pleasure to state that between the storm-tossed 
waters of the Atlantic, as they bathe the feet of that majestic 
goddess, "Liberty," at New York, and the sun-kissed waters 
of the Pacific, as they pass through the Golden Gate at San 
Francisco, there is a State called "Ohio," where there too 
are also brave, loyal women who love to keep alive the mem- 
ories of home, and who, though staying at home in the six- 
ties, were protected by the faithful darkies who loved them 
and were called members of their household, and who guarded 
them with their humble love, thus making it a little easier 
for the brave of that time to go forth and fight for love of 
home and to maintain State rights. 

These women have banded themselves together and loyally 
work under the rules of the General Order, the title of the 
Ohio Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, and 
who send you this greeting to-day. I could hardly come 
without a salutation, since the Indian for Ohio means "greet- 
ing." The Division's motto is : "He wins most who honor 
saves ; success is not the test." 

The Division exists under the honored names of Robert 
E. Lee Chapter, Columbus, whose motto is, "Equal to vic- 
tory, superior to defeat;" Judah P. Benjamin, Oxford — motto, 
"The ages will justify our cause ;" Stonewall Jackson, Cin- 
cinnati — motto, "Do your duty, and trust to Providence;" and 
a charter applied and paid for a Chapter formed in loving 
memory of our late lamented soldier and Christian gentleman, 
John B. Gordon, at Springfield, Ohio. 

The R. E. Lee Chapter, in Columbus, cares for your living 
and your dead — for your living in sometimes finding and 
housing Confederate veterans who come to them for aid, hav- 
ing helped several in the last year: two from Virginia, who 



fought under Lee, one from Mississippi, and one from Louisi- 
ana ; and for your dead, two thousand, two hundred and sixty 
at Camp Chase Cemetery, who sleep on their pillow of South- 
ern moss, who'e shroud is the flag they fought under. 

I am glad to tell you that as a member of this Chapter, not 
as State President, I have been made permanent chairman of 
its memorial ceremonies, which take place annually in June. 
The Chapter has established a fund for this purpose and for 
the care of the cemetery throughout the year, using on vote 
of the Chapter, at its discretion, some of the unspecified 
money )'ou all have sent. Last year I told you that Mr. Al 
G. Field headed a subscription list with one hundred dollars, 
followed by the names of many prominent citizens who had 
financially helped in the past. With this we could repair, 
with timber presented by a lumber dealer whose wife is from 
Texas, the platform, which was in bad condition, having been 
erected years before by that noble-hearted Federal soldier. 
Col. Knauss. In the future address your letters of money to 
me, please, Mrs. John H. Winder, No. i The Cumberland, 
Columbus, Ohio, and your money for flowers or the expenses 
to the Treasurer of the R. E. Lee Chapter, Miss Louise Tra- 
bue, Columbus, Ohio. We know you don't want us to spend 
all the money on that day and for a whole year thereafter 
let the sacred spot be neglected, even though the aforesaid 
fund that we have created can keep it beautiful. The Chapter 
goes on each year with this loving work. At these cere- 
monies this year twelve large Confederate flags decorated the 
platform, something that had never before been done. Surely 
the small flags that had b?en sent with wreaths had been 
used, and it was known th. t so many flowers had been re- 
ceived that an ice company off^ered us its cold storage. A 
firing squad from the National Guard was there, something 
that had never been done, and since then one of our soldiers 




MRS. FLORENCE TUCKER WINDER. 



Qoofederate l/eterap. 



83 



was buried with a soldier's honor by the Zanesville Camp, 
G. A. R. Congress has appropriated three thousand, six hun- 
dred dollars to rebuild the walls which it had badly put up 
years ago. 

We celebrated with song and recitation the birthdays of 
Gens. Lee and Jackson, choosing that time to pin upon the 
sacred breasts of sixteen veterans the Southern cross of honor, 
more precious to them than gold. We have taken flowers 
and nourishment into the sick rooms of veterans, and, when 
we could take neither, we have taken the flag that they love, 
and sometimes they were too feeble to partake of the nourish- 
ment ; they have never yet been too si.-k to give a Southern 
salute when they saw that banner with its bars of red. 

The Judah P. Benjamin Chapter has among its members 
directors of schools, and so be assured that the younger 
women will hear something that is true about the Southern 
history. 

The Stonewall Jackson Chapter, of Cincinnati, applied for 
its charter on November 14 through Mrs. Hosea, niece of 
Mrs. Moore, of St. Louis. The Chapter was organized De- 
cember 7, 1903, with twenty-two charter members, and went 
to work at once to be an active part of the Division, and 
when only four months old, through the zeal and work of 
Mrs. Hosca, President, gave an entertainment that realized 
over sixty dollars, a part of which was sent to a paralyzed 
Confederate soldier ; later, by a luncheon given in connection 
with Henrietta Hunt Morgan Chapter, of Kentucky, it made 
one hundred dollars. Thus it was assured that, besides 
enough money for charity, they had enough to pay the gen- 
eral per capita tax as well as the State, so that the Ohio Di- 
vision could hold its State convention in October, to which 
we all invite you. 

\l we look for any reward, may it be found at our last 
great convention in the w'ords, "God will make all things 
clear," writ in letters of gold, and be entwined in the rain- 
bow of promise which we will fashion out of the many bril- 
liant-hued flowers of the Confederacy, which we will gather 
in heaven after having so tenderly cared for them together on 
earth. 



/. R. RANDALL'S TRIBUTE TO COL. KNAUSS. 
Comrade James R. Randall, of "My Maryland" fame, re- 
cently visited Columbus, Ohio, where he met and conversed 
with Col. W. H. Knauss, gratefully known throughout the 
South, and he wrote as follows to the Callwlic Cohiiiibian: 
"One of the most interesting men I have met at Columbus 
is Col. William H. Knauss, whose conspicuous gallantry in 
the War between the States is surpassed only by his noble, 
Iiatriotic, and exceptional service since. When the war ceased 
Col. Knauss stopped fighting, and was ready to take to his 
heart Confederate soldiers who, like himself, were sincere 
and unpurchasable, who were Americans and brothers — foes 
once, but now friends. H every man, North and South, had 
Iieen animated with the same Christian principles as Col. 
Knauss, this country would long ago have been united in the 
bonds of peace, charity, prosperity, and brotherly love. But 
the politicians — those enemies of mankind — would not have 
it so; and they are still, after forty years of peace, or what 
goes for such technically, engaged in their deviltry, more 
or less. Valiant as was Col. Knauss in battle, he has been 
braver in the days since the battle flags were furled. He not 
only had a tender sympathy for the living Confederate sol- 
diers and their families, but has done more to honorably care 
for their dead on the soil of Ohio, who perished rather than 



be traitors to their cause, which was as sacred to them as 
the cause of the Union was to men who volunteered and were 
not drafted or purchased. The people of Ohio know what 
Col. Knauss has done, and the people of the South are learn- 
ing it and invoking blessings upon him. Some day the South 
will raise a monument to him, and on this Christmas Day 
L in the name of the Southern people, wish him and his 
every glorious and spiritual benediction." 

Col. Knauss has about completed a book, soon to be pub- 
lished, that will interest the Southern people. The book will 
contain carefully prepared reports of the reclamation of Camp 
Chase Cemetery and its entire list of dead. In nearly every 
instance the spot on which the grave is located will be indi- 
cated by a well-executed map of the cemetery. The Veteran 
has contained much on the subject of his labors there; but 
it never will be known by finite minds how much labor and 
pains he and his family have taken to preserve in the best 
manner possible the sacred work in which he has so long en- 
gaged. Not only has his labor been gratuitous, but he has 
expended in the aggregate much money, which cannot be as- 
certained, since he refrains from giving to the public much of 
the details and expenses of this good work. 

Vai.i.\nt Union Veteran Who Sacrificed Office for 
Principle. 

Judge Daniel F. Pugh, of Columbus, Ohio, a Grand Army 
veteran, had shown much interest in the care of our Con- 
federate dead at Camp Chase, but had declined on an occasion 
to participate in one of the annual decorations because of 
pressure of business. He was advised under threat at that 
juncture, as he was an elective official, to refrain from par- 
ticipating in the service of honoring Confederates. Defying 
enemies of the movement, he hired a conveyance and drove in 
great haste to participate. Those enemies won, and he was 
relegated to the ranks as a lawyer; but he has never been 
heard to express regret, 

A note received from Judge Pugh (on the ninety-seventh 
anniversary of Gen. Lee's birth) inclosed a newspaper clipping 
from Zanesville, Ohio, of June 13, 1904, on which he com- 
mented with the words, "It is interesting as well as inspiring 
to me," and stated that he had carried it in his pocket for 
months, intending to send it for the Veteran, The dispatch 
is as follows : "The members of Hazlett Post, G. A. R., of 
this city, officiated at the funeral of a Confederate veteran 
yesterday afternoon. Thomas Roster, who was killed in the 
car barns of the B. and O. shops Friday, fought for the Con 
federacy, and came North soon after the War between the 
States. He died there, homeless and apparently penniless and 
friendless. It was intended to inter the remains in the potter's 
field of Greenwood Cemetery; but the Grand Army Veterans 
decided to give the body a decent burial, ai»d purchased a 
single grave lot in a pretty spot in the cemetery and had the 
remains buried there." 

If the noble men who contributed their money and their 
presence to thus honoring a Confederate could realize the pro- 
found gratitude of all Southern people who know it, they 
would be comforted in memory through life. 



The superb painting of Gen. Lee on Traveler and the life- 
size crayon bust uf Gen. John B. Gordon, which were kept on 
exhibition by official request in tlie main headquarters during 
the Confederate Reunion last June, were by the same artist, 
Mrs. L. Kirby-Parrish. Both are remembered with sacred 
pleasure and admiration by a multitude of old soldiers. Both 
pictures now adorn the artist's home in Nashville. 



8i 



QoQfederate l/eterap 



?^i^lf:^Sf 




5. -' J' '' ; 



"On Fame's eternal camping ground 
Their silent tents are spread, 
And glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead." 

Miss Sadie Patrick. 

The death of Miss Sadie Patrick has caused general sor- 
row throughout the South. "Our young adjutant general" 
was loved by thousands of old Confederate veterans. For 
more than five years she had been chief clerk in the Adjutant 
General's office of the United Confederate 'Veterans, and had 
mastered every detail of the organization. The Camp's re- 
ports had been so arranged by the lamented Moorman that in a 
moment she could give any specific information desired. 

Her cordial yet gentle courtesy, her devotion to the work 
to which she gave her brave young life, won the respect and 
affectionate regard of all with whom she came in contact. 

Miss Sadie Patrick was born at "The Oaks," in West 
Baton Rouge Parish, La., the old Patrick homestead. Her 
father, Thomas Patrick, was a well-known man of the State. 
She was educated at home by a governess, and lived at "The 
Oaks" until a young lady ; then moved to Rapids Parish, where 
she spent the greater part of her life. She studied stenogra- 
phy, graduating with honors, and was offered the position of 
head clerk in the office of the U. C. V. Association by Adjt. 
Gen. George Moorman. Miss Patrick's picture may appear 
later. 

David Hubbard. 

David Hubbard was born in North Alabama, but after the 
war had lived in Louisiana and Mississippi until his death, at 
Terry, Miss., November 5, 1904. His father, Maj. David 
Hubbard, was a gallant soldier under Gen. Jackson in the war 
of 1812, and during the War between the States was Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs. His son, Maj. David Hubbard, 
organized a battalion of cavalry early in 1861. 

After the battle of Shiloh, in which his battalion served 
with gallantry, at the suggestion of his friend. Gen. Leonidas 
Polk, he returned to Alabama and recruited additional com- 
panies to make a regiment of his battalion ; but the Confeder- 
ate government, needing more infantry at that time than 
cavalry, had them mustered into that branch of service, and 
Maj. Hubbard resumed command of his battalion with jusl 
a sufficient number of his new recruits to make it full. Soon 
after this, in a sharp little engagement with the enemy, a 
shell exploded near his head, injuring his hearing so that it 
incapacitated him for a time from service. As soon as his 
hearing was sufficiently restored he organized a company of 
scouts and reported to Gen. Forrest, with whom he served 
until the surrender. His wife and three children, a son and 
two daughters, survive him. Maj. Hubbard's two brothers 
were in the Confederate army. Duncan C. Hubbard served 
on the staff of Gen. Beauregard and George Hubbard was 
killed in the severe battle at Baker's Creek. 



Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge. 

Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge, soldier, statesman, journalist, 
and lawyer, died at his home, in Lexington, Ky., November 
19, 1904. He was a remarkable man. The intellectual gifts 
of Col. Breckinridge were transnntted through a long line of 
distinguished ancestors who were conspicuous in the history 
of this country antedating the Revolution. He graduated at 
Center College, Danville, Ky., afterwards taking a law course 
at the University of Louisville, and began to practice in 1857. 

When the War between the States began, in 1861, he en- 
tered the Confederate service as captain of a company of 
cavalry, and rose rapidly to the command of a brigade in that 
branch of the service. 

Returning to Kentucky when the war closed. Col. Breckin- 
ridge resumed the practice of law, and soon achieved promi- 
nence, being also for a time editor of the Lexington Observer. 
In 1884 he was elected on the Democratic ticket to Congress 
from the Ashland District, and served continuously for ten 
years. As a lawyer Col. Breckinridge was an eloquent, force- 
ful speaker; but it was not until he served Congress that his 
rare intellectual gifts and brilliant oratory won for him 
national applause and added fresh luster to the men of the 
South. 

His eminence extended through a period of nearly forty 
years. His father. Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, was one of 
the most eloquent and influential Presbyterian preachers of 
his day, and his grandfather, John Breckinridge, was one of 
Kentucky's most distinguished Senators, Attorney-General 
under Jefferson, and one of his chief advisers in the acquisi- 
tion of Louisiana ; while on his maternal side he inherited 
the same blood with Patrick Henry, his mother "being the 
grandniece of that great orator, while she was the sister of 
William Campbell Preston, Senator from South Carolina, 
who as an orator was without a peer in his day except in 
Clay. In style he had all the persuasive elements of person, 
voice, and eloquence in delivery, his words coming in un- 
studied melody, which charmed and at the same time carried 
conviction by the substance as well as the manner of his 
arguments. Upon both sides he came from the sturdy Scotch- 
Irish Presbyterian stock, who, sacrificing all in their native 
country, enriched the "Valley of Virginia by their immigra- 
tion before the middle of the eighteenth century in search of 
greater civil and religious freedom. His name, William 
Campbell Preston Breckinridge, embodies the names of some 
of the most conspicuous of those pioneers who blazed the 
way to a higher destiny illustrated in the deeds of their 
descendants." 

Col. Breckinridge's term in Congress was regarded by his 
Kentucky friends as the brightest epoch for the Ashland 
District since the days of Henry Clay. From his first speech 
in Congress the whole country voted him among the most 
notable men then in public life. 

Col. Breckinridge was affectionately regarded by Confeder- 
ate veterans. At many Confederate reunions his electrifying 
power made many a veteran of the great war all the prouder 
of what he had endured for Dixie's land. 

Capt. William Miles Hazzard. 

"On December 23, at his home in Georgetown, S. C," 
writes Comrade M. R. Tunno, of Savannah, Ga., "there 
passed away a loyal and true soldier — Capt. W. M. Hazzard, 
formerly of St. Simon's Island. Ga. 

"He was attached to an artillery company at St. Simons 
for a short while, then he commanded a company of cavalry 
stationed on the coast, and later he served v^ia^ntly in the 



QoQfederate Ueterai? 



85 



Army of Tennessee, commanded by Gen. Hood. During the 
time he was on the Georgia coast he several times made raids 
upon St. Simons. In one of them he burned the wharf, upon 
which a large quantity of coal, quartermaster and commissary 
stores had been landed by the enemy. On another raid he 
and only ten men, with double-barreled guns loaded with buck- 
shot, killed several times their number, while he was so 
skillful as not to lose a man. 

"To Capt. Hazzard was due the revocation of orders to 
burn the large quantity of cotton in Augusta, most of which 
had been rolled out on streets awaiting the torch, and thus 
was saved to the owners a vast deal of money. While true 
as tliO truest and brave as the bravest in war, he was a de- 
voted husband and father, son, brother, and friend. In every 
relation of life he was conspicuously worthy. He was loved 
by his men and by all who knew him. 

"Capt. Hazzard married Miss Emily St. Pierre Trenholm, 
of Charleston, S. C, who, with one daughter, survives him. 
His associates of the Western Military Institute, of Ken- 
tucky, yet living, and all who knew him during his long and 
honorable life, will revere his memory. The writer was a 
college mate and knew him most intimately from infancy." 

Nathan Camfbell Monroe. 

Nathan C. Monroe died in Washington, D. C, November 
26, 1904, from an illness consequent upon an operation foi 
appendicitis. He was a native of Georgia, and his remains 
were carried back to his old home at Macon for burial. He 
was a brother of Mrs. John Mcintosh Kell, whose husband 
was prominent as a surgeon in the Confederate navy. 

As a child of ten years, Comrade Monroe was sent in July, 
1857, to a Moravian college at Nazareth, Pa., where he re- 
mained till June, 1861, all arrangements having been made 
for the completion of his education at Heidelberg. He de- 
termined to return home, however, as the war had opened, 
and left New York on July 23 for the South. After much 
difficulty in crossing the lines, he reached Macon about Au- 




NATHAN C. MONROE. 



gust I, leaving in a few days for the Georgia Military Insti- 
tute at Marietta, where he remained till January, 1862, when 
he resigned and entered college at Athens. 

In May, 1862, he returned home, and in July entered the 
Confederate army. He participated in all the battles from 
Chickamauga to Jonesboro, Hood's campaign into Tennessee 
and return, and he surrendered w^ith Gen. J, E. Johnston at 
Bentonville, N. C, in 1865. 

In 1868 Mr. Monroe removed to Griffin, Ga., and in 1871 
was associated in the publication of the Daily and JVcckl\ 
A't-ic'J. After this was formed into a stock company he was 
made business manager, but shortly afterwards sold out his 
interest and returned to Macon, engaging in business there. 
For some years before and until his death he held a posi- 
tion in a bureau of the War Department at Washington. 
He was a genial, pleasant gentleman, and a large circle of 
friends mourns his departure. Two sons and four daughters 
survive. 

The members of Charles Broadway Camp, of Washington, 
as well as the Interstate Commerce Commission, in which 
he held position as chief of a division, paid him every honor, 
and an escort of prominent Confederates of Washington ac- 
companied the remains to the South-bound train. 

A pleasing incident in the life of Comrade Monroe is given 
by his sister, Mrs. Kell. She writes: "At fifteen and a half 
years of age he ran away from the military school at Mari- 
etta, Ga., to join the army. An only son, the idol in his home, 
the home of affluence and elegance till ruined by the war, no 
opposition nor entreaties could overcome the patriotism of 
his young soul. At a review of troops in Montgomery, Ala., 
Mr. Davis seemed to single him out, and said to him : 'What 
are you doing here? You are a baby soldier. Have you a 
mother at home?' 'No,' said the boy; 'but I have my father 
and sisters.' As the parade went on, the President seemed 
still to watch him, which was not so remarkable, as he was 
a pleasing, sunny-hearted youngster ; but when Mr. Davis 
made his tour through the South years afterwards, at the 
reception given him in Atlanta Mr. Monroe offered his hand 
and said: 'Do you remember me, Mr. Davis? Did you evei 
see me before ?' 'Yes ; I called you a baby soldier at Mont- 
gomery, Ala., where I was reviewing the troops.' Mr. Davis 
nnist have had a remarkable memory for faces or been 
greatly impressed by that boyish face, so full of life and 
youth and patriotism." 

As an illustration of the spirit to be accurate in the Vet- 
eran, Mrs. Kell, who wrote the above, in a personal letter 
states : "My remembrance is that the military school was re- 
moved from Athens to Marietta, and the cadets moved with 
it. But I was young, and in the providence of God lost two 
of my little ones with diphtheria while my husband was on 
the Alabama in tlie China seas. It is natural that much that 
occurred at that time should be submerged in the sea of 
that great sorrow borne alone. Any seeming contradiction as 
to data or events must be the fault of my memory." 

Capt. E. T. Kindred. 
On December 2, 1904. there died in Roanoke, Va., Capt. K. 
T. Kindred, Company F, Fourth Texas Regiment. He was 
born in Montgomery, Ala., in 1839. the son of a preacher. 
His boyhood days were spent in Texas, and at the opening of 
the War between the States he answered the first call to arms, 
forming a company of volunteers and joining the Fourth 
Te.Kas Regiment (J. B. Hood), which went to Lee's army in 
Virginia. 



86 



Confederate l/eteraij. 



Brave and fearless, he was also tender to and thoughtful of 
his men, never forgetting the least thing that would add to 
their comfort. Many a night when we lay wrapped in our 
blankets under the starlight, hungry and exhausted — and, as 
he thought, asleep — did I see him quietly open his haversack 
and slip his own scant supply of food into that of some soldier 
boy, w'hose thin face and unsteady march had not escaped his 
watchful eye. For all he knew, there were only the stars to 
witness. 

Although but captain of his company, he acted as major 
for a long while. He was a personal friend of Gen. Robert E. 
Lee, and was therefore used for perilous work. Gen. Lee is 
quoted as saying: ''Let Kindred do this, for he knows no such 
word as fail." This same spirit of bravery went with him 
tlirough life, enabling him to face the last enemy — Death — 
without flinching. 

He accepted Christ as his Captain, and, after a valiant fight, 
laid down his arms in peaceful submission. 

This humble tribute is paid by "one of his privates." 

Thom.as H. Gilbert. 
Thomas H. Gilbert, of Riplej', Ala., died December 6, 
l(;04, aged sixty-one years. During the war he served in 
Company F, Ninth Alabama Regiment. He was a member 
of Hobbs Camp, No. 400. As a husband and father he was 
faithful to the duties of life and was respected as a citizen 
His wife and five children survive him. 

JouN Shirley Ward. 

At Manhattan Beach, near Los Angeles, Cal., November 
25, 1904, there passed out of this life the spirit of John Shir- 
ley Ward — a spirit that embodied chivalry, courtesy, and lofty 
ideals. Mr. Ward was born near Huntsville, Ala., August 
-5> 1834. one of eight children. Rev. William E. Ward, of 
beloved memory throughout the South, the founder of Ward's 
Seminary, of Nashville, Tenn., was his brother. He received 
his college education in Cumberland University, at Lebanon, 
Tenn., taking the literary, classical, and law courses. 

He was an officer of the Fiftieth Tennessee Regiment, was 
captured at the fall of Fort Donelson, and spent nearly two 
years in the F'ederal prison at Johnson's Island, in Sandusky 
Bay. On account of impaired health after his release from 
prison he was unable to join his regiment, but became a news- 
paper correspondent in the field on the staff of Nashville 
and Atlanta papers. 

After the war he settled in Nashville, and became one of 
the owners and editors of the Union and American. After- 
wards he became the owner and editor of The Ladies' Pearl, 
a monthly literary magazine which was regarded as an ad- 
junct to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. This he suc- 
cessfuly conducted, and brought the Pearl to a high standard 
of literary excellence. 

His own delicate health and the health of one of his chil- 
dren caused him to move to Southern California, in 1873, 
where he afterwards lived. 

Mr. Ward was a man of rare mental attainments, deeply 
versed in modern and classical literature. He was a fascinating 
writer, a magnetic public speaker, an entertaining talker, and a 
genial companion. As a writer, his graceful fancy gave to even 
commonplace themes that magic touch of interest which at 
once commanded and sustained attention. He embellished his 
glowing thoughts with a wealth of poetic and classical allusions 
that seemed to come ever bubbling from his boyhood store of 
early reading. His pen never touched a subject that it did 



not adorn. The achievements of his own beloved Southland, 
either in war or in pence, was ever one of ardent interest to 
him. Readers of the Veteran may recall some illustrations 
of this fact, His contributions on the subject were a potent 
force in the great movement which, last year, resulted in the 




JOHN SHIRLEY WARD. 

revision of the Westminster Confession, by expunging from 
that time-honored creed some harsh interpretations of God's 
providences. He had labored for years to have the Church 
abandon them. 

The greatest charm of the man, however, lay in something 
subtler than his mental accomplishments. The spirit of his 
strong, pure heart, his gentle dignity, his exquisite courtesy, 
his rare chivalry, and his warm, human interest in every life 
he touched returned to him a hundredfold in the deep af- 
fection felt by all who knew him. 

Conrad Nutzell. 

A well-beloved comrade and faithful member of the Con- 
federate Historical Association and Company A, U. C. V., of 
Memphis, died at Memphis, Tenn., October 14, 1904. This 
gallant, brave, but unostentatious comrade of the immortal 
struggle of nearly half a century ago has answered the "last 
roll." He was born in Germany, and came South in 1853, 
when only eighteen years old, following his trade as a me- 
chanic, in which he continued until 1861. 

Young Nutzell, who was imbued with the spirit of freedom 
that came to him from the heroes of that great Revolution of 
1848, when the demand for a united Germany was rampant in 
that country, at once cast his fortunes with the young Con- 
federacy, whose objects were for the supremacy of State 
rights. He joined the Fifteenth Tennessee Regiment, and was 
elected a lieutenant. He participated in many battles. In the 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



87 



battle of Corinth, in which he was conspicuously brave, and 
was mentioned in general orders for promotion "for gallant 
and meritorious service," he was assigned to the staflf of Col. 
Ben Hill, then provost marshal at Dalton, Ga. 

J. N. Rainey, Secretary of the Confederate Historical As- 
sociation, of Memphis, writes of him: "With his character- 
istic zeal, he conceived the idea of converting six hundred 
Yankee prisoners, all of whom were Germans and unable to 
speak English, to our cause, and formed them into a regiment, 
which did some gallant fighting in the cause of the South." 

John B. Baker. 

At sunrise January i, 1905, to greet the beginning of a new 
year. Orderly Sergeant John B. Baker answered the last call 
at his home, in Goldsboro, N. C. Comrade Baker was born 
in April, 1842, and was the eldest son of Col. Jesse J. Baker. 
He attended the Goldsboro Male Academy, but was at the 
Hampton Military Institute, of Virginia, when the war began. 
He was a member of the Goldsboro Rifles, and on the 15th 
of April, 1861, marched with them to Fort Macon, in response 
to the order of Gov. Ellis. His company was Company A. 
of the Twenty-Seventh North Carolina Infantrj', and he gal- 
lantly bore his part with that splendid regiment from New- 
bern to Appomattox. He was twice captured, first at Sharps- 
burg, in 1861, and again at Reams Station, in 1864. He was 
soon exchanged after the first capture; but the second time 
lie was held prisoner until the close of the war, at Hart's Is- 
land, New York. 

For many years Comrade Baker had been an invalid, and 
through all those years of pain and suffering he displayed the 
same patient fortitude that characterized his conduct as a 
soldier. Two devoted sisters were constant in their atten- 
tions, anticipating his wants, and with loving tenderness minis- 
tering to them day and night for nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury. Mr. Baker was never married, and, aside from his 
two sisters, his aged mother, eighty-five years old, survives 
him, 

W. B. Johnson. 

W. B. Johnson, a Confederate veteran aged seventy-one 
years, died at the Confederate Home of Arkansas on Jan- 
uary 18. He was a native of South Carolina, a member of 
the Fourteenth South Carolina Infantry, a member of the 
Baptist Churcli, and a Mason. He came to Arkansas just 
after the close of the war, and was an inmate of the Con- 
federate Home from Nevada County. 

It is a singular coincidence that tw-o members of his own 
command, so far away from his native State, were present to 
assist in laying him to rest. These comrades, J. B. Steen, J. 
P. Ausborn, and the deceased, W. B. Johnson, had drifted 
;;part into difi'erent States after the war, but by chance were 
brought together again in the Arkansas Confederate Home. 

J. K. Miller. 

Joseph Kcebcr Miller died at his home, near Gallatin, Tcnn., 
February 6, 1904, in his sixty-fourth year. At the breaking 
out of the war, in i86r, he enlisted as a volunteer in the 
Thirtieth Tennessee Infantry, and served faithfully for the 
four years. 

Shortly after the close of the war he married Miss Ellen 
Cleveland, of Forsyth, Ga. There were two children born 
to this union : E. C. Miller, of Knoxville, Tenn., and Mrs. 
Rufus Mcl.ain, of Sumner County, this State. Some eight 



years after the death of his first wife Mr. Miller married 
Miss Laura Gass, of Kentucky, who survives him. 

In the passing away of "K" Miller, as he was best known 
to his friends, the community in which he had lived all of his 
brave and spotless life, and where he was best known and 
mostly loved, lost a valued member, the State one of its best 
citizens, and his old Confederate comrades a loyal friend and 
gallant associate. 



a* aie* 




REUNION OF FAMILY AFTER FIFTY YEARS. 

The group represents Mr. Miller, his stepfather, Mr. 
Norval Douglass, of California, and his two half sisters, Mrs. 
Gill, also of California, and Mrs. Young, of Bastrop, Tex. 
After having been separated for fifty years they met at the 
home of Mrs. Young, in Bastrop, a short time before Mr. 
Miller's death, where this picture was taken. He is standing. 

L. H. Nelson. 
Another soldier of Lee's made the crossing when L. H. 
Nelson died at Pittsburg, Tex., on the 22d of January. He 
entered the Confederate army, in 1861, at Camden, Ark., and 
was in many hard-fought battles until tlie surrender. He w-as 
faithful to duty always, in peace as in war, and as a Chris- 
tian gentleinan and good citizen he won the hearts of all with 
whom he was associated. 



"JOHNSTON'S NARRATIVE." 
The Veteran has procured from the publishers' jobbers 
, the entire stock of Gen. Joseph E. John- 
ston's history of his part in the Con- 
federate war, known as "Johnston's 
Narrative." It is in both bindings, 
sheep and morocco, and will be sup- 
plied by the Veteran at half the list 
prices — the $5 work for $2.50, and the 
' $6 for $3. No library in the South will 
ever be complete without this work. 
y "The Rise and Fall of the Confederate 
Government," by Jefferson Davis, is 
b\ the Veteran and supplied at half the list price 
of $14 — $7 for both volumes, postage or expressage sixty-five 
cents added. 




uwneiJ al^L 



88 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai>. 



"NORTHERN REBELLION AND SOUTHERN SE- 
CESSION." 

The interest this publication is attracting North and South 
brings the author into unusual prominence as a historian. 

Elbert William R. Ewing was born in Virginia September 
22, 1867. He graduated at Cumberland College, and from 
there went to the Uni- 
versity of Virginia and 
took graduating certifi- 
cates in eight subjects. 
He then studied law, 
practiced w'ith distinc- 
tion for a little while, 
after which he took his 
LL.B. from the Chicago j 
Law School, located in j 
Missouri, and entered I 
upon his profession. He 
holds the M.A., LL.B., 
and is a member of 
\arious historical or- 
ganizations, the most 
distinguished of which 
is the American His- 
torical Association. He 
is prominent in Masonic 
and other orders. e- ^^^ "• ^'^'''"'- the author. 

He volunteered in the war with Spain, but saw no service. 
He holds the major's commission in the National Reserve 
Guards of Missouri. His father was captain in the Confed- 
erate army, serving under Longstreet and Jackson, and later 
rode with Stewart and Fitzhugh Lee. His family, on both 
sides, is of the oldest and best in Virginia. 

Maj. Ewing is now living in Washington City, practicing 
his profession, but will devote most of his time to writing 
history. His ability, education, undaunted courage, and un- 
flinching determination make him, in view of his age, one of 
the South's most hopeful historians. He has sworn eternal 
warfare upon the errors of Northern historians. In his "The 
Negro's Struggle in the White Man's Courts," to come out 
soon, he shows that the Dred Scott decision was based upon 
Northern precedents, and in a strong legal study sustains the 
decision and proves that in repudiating it the North was more 
guilty of rebellion than the South ever was. 




PORTRAIT OF LEE AND TRAVELER. 

Not since the days of Bucephalus, the famous war horse of 
Alexander the Great, has the name of a horse been as well 
known or intimately associated with the name of his famous 
owner as that of Traveler, the favorite war horse of Gen. 
Lee. Traveler was raised by a Mr. Johnson, of Greenbrier 
County, Va., and was four years old in the spring of 1861. 

When the Wise Legion was camped on Sewel! Mountain, 
Maj. Thomas L. Broun, of the Third Virginia Infantry — 
Wise Legion — bought the horse from Mr. Johnson. In the 
fall of 1861, when Gen. Lee was in command of these troops, 
he happened to see the horse and greatly admired him. 
Shortly after, Gen. Lee was ordered to South Carolina, and 
the Third Regiment was detached from the army in West 
Virginia and sent to South Carolina. There Gen. Lee again 
saw the horse and expressed his admiration of the animal, 
whereupon the owner, Maj. Broun, ofifered to make him a 
present of the animal. Gen. Lee declined to accept him as a 
gift, but said, however, that if Maj. Broun would willingly 



sell the horse he would ride him a week or two to see if he 
suited him. Maj. Brown was at his home quite sick, but wrote 
his brother, who was quartermaster of his regiment, that if 
Gen. Lee would not accept the horse as a gift to sell it to 
him at what he gave, one hundred and seventy-five dollars. 
Gen. Lee added twenty-five dollars to make up for the de- 
preciation of our currency, and paid two hundred dollars for 
Traveler. Maj. Broun had named the horse Jeff Davis, but 
after Gen. Lee purchased him he changed the name to 
Traveler. 

After the war Gen. Lee wrote to Maj. Broun, stating that 
Traveler had survived the war and asking for his pedigree. 
Gen. Lee was very fond of all kinds of domestic animals, 
but his affection for his old gray war horse was something 
akin to human, and the name of Traveler will be treasured, 
with that of his master's, as the war horse of one of the 
greatest captains the world has ever known. 

The picture of "Gen. Lee on Traveler," in this number oi 
the Veteran, is copied from the life-size oil portrait painted 
by the Nashville artist, Mrs. L. Kirby-Parrish. In its pro- 




MRS. LULIE KIRBV-PARRISH, THE ARTIST. 

duction the Miley photograph — taken at Lexington, Va., in 
1868, while Gen. Lee was President of what is now Washing- 
ton and Lee University — was used as a model, it being the 
only picture of himself that he ever requested to be made. 

The dimensions of the canvas are nine by ten and a half 
feet, the figure of the horse and of the rider being full life- 
size. 

Gen. Lee wears a suit and a hat of Confederate gray, with 
gauntlets and Wellington boots which he invariably donned 
for horseback exercise. 

The vernal landscape, with its soft, dreamy atmosphere, 
imparts to the central group and to the whole scene a grace 
of form and color at once reposeful and alluring to the senses. 



Qopfederate l/cterai). 



89 



While making this picture, the artist studied with intelli- 
gent care all of the later photographs of Gen. Lee, and had, 
besides, the rare advantage of personal suggestions from one 
of his most faithful soldiers and intimate friends both as to 
the great chieftain and his beloved charger. In the opinion 
of this close friend, and of others competent to judge, this is 
one of the best and most characteristic of all the existing 
portraits of Gen. Lee. First of all, the artist was inspired 
with ardent love for her subject, as by lineal descent she is 
a Virginian daughter of the Revolution and of the Confed- 
eracy; and into the execution of her task she has put this 
love in all its intenseness, as well as a true and enthusiastic 
love for her art and for her native South. 



-THE OLD SOUTH." 
A Popular Subject Well Treated. 

Prof. H. M. Hamill, who v>Totc of "A Boy's First Battle" 
in the Veteran for November, has stirred glorious memories 
by a little book on "The Old South." It seems that Dr. 
Hamill was quite the man to prepare a record that pleases 
every one, even the old slaves, and it thrills the best-in- 
furmcd of those who remember that eventful period in the 
affairs of life. 

Brief extracts copied herein express tersely the prevalent 
sentiment in regard to it. The widow of Bishop Wightman 
writes a friend a letter, in which she refers to it ; also to 
Sam Davis and to President Davis : 

Mrs. M. D. Wightman, President of the Woman's Board 
(if Foreign Missions of the M. E. Church, South, widow of 
the beloved Bishop Wightman, has written a friend about Dr. 
Ilamill's book, "The Old South:" 




rKuF. 11. M. HAMll.I., n.ll., .MiTllOR OF THE OLD SOUTH. 



'I can hardly write for my tears. I have had a good cry. 
I love Dr. Hamill for what he is doing for us. . . . The 
little book is worth gold. I want two dozen copies to give 
away. Bless the Doctor's heart for his foreword ! Bless his 
mother for having him to print the monograph I . . . Old 
Uncle Jeff makes me cry. If .iKunt Hannah hasn't got the 
baby in her arms, she has just put it down. 

"1 think the little book appealed to me so strongly just 
now because for some time my thought has been running on 
tlic Old South and the negro. On December i8 I heard 
Bishop GoodscU preach to the colored M. E. Conference. 
. . . I have often thought of our colored people and wished 
we were helping them. 

"Sam Davis! Our hero! 1 war.t to hand a dollar for that 
monument, and wish I had a hundred. .And our beloved chief I 
I used to exult in the thought that not a line ever came fi-om 
our honored President that was not instinct with what con- 
stitutes a noble man and a true gentleman. ... 1 do no: 
remember any appeal to the passions that were easily stirred. 
.\lways he was magnanimous, noble-hearted." 

Gen. B. W. Green, of Little Rock, Ark., writes the auilior : 
"1 have read 'The Old South' with the greatest pleasure. If 
you never wrote anything else, this ought to immortalize you.'' 

W. B. Jacobs, of Chicago, 111., adjutant general in the 
Federal army, writes : "Am reading 'The Old South,' anri 
am delighted with it." 

"Aunt'' Mima Mitchell (colored) writes characteristically: 
"I was horned in the Old South. Your little book was the 
only Christmas present I received. I have read it through 
tliree times, and cried over it." 

Dr. Howard M. Hamill. 

Dr. Hamill, of Nashville, author of "The Old South," was 
born in Lowndcsboro, .Ma., in 1848, and is the son of Rev 
E. J. Hamill, of the Alabama Methodist Conference, who was 
chaplain in Cleburne's Division during the last years of the 
war. At the age of sixteen young Hamill joined Lee's army, 
and served the last year of the war under that great general, 
receiving his parole as a member of Finnegan's Florida Bri 
gadc at Appomattox. 

He graduated at Auburn, Ala., together with Supreme Court 
Judge Render J. Dowdcll, in the first class after the war in 
the East Alabama College. For ten years and more he held 
high educational positions in the West, and was then made 
International Sunday School Secretary, and recently Superin- 
tendent of Training Work in Southern Methodism. He has 
written manj' books, has been a world-wide traveler, is 
known everywhere in Canada, the I'liiled States, and Europe 
as among the foremost of Sunday school lecturers, and is 
altogether a very busy man and in touch with every advance 
ir.ovement of the South. 

The Veteran hopes to put this little book into the homes 
of thousands; and, while the book is sent to any address 
lor twenty-five cents, it will be mailed free to any patron 
who will send one dollar for a nczc subscriber. It will be 
sent free to each subscriber as well as to the patron in clubs 
of five. Comrades, friends, utilize this opportunity to demon- 
strate what influence an article in the Veteran may exert. 
The little book of eighty pages is beautifully bound and con- 
tains a number of full-page illustrations, among them "Uncle'' 
Jeff Shields and "Aunt" Hannah, Sam Davis, JefTerson Davis, 
Alexander H. Stephens, Bi.shop Pierce, and others. 



90 



Qopfederati^ l/eterar?, 



REUNION FOR 1905 AT LOUISVILLE. 

JUNE 14, IS, 16 THE DATE. 

Official notice comes from New Orleans February 1 that 
the date for the Louisville Reunion has been fixed for June 
14-16, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. According to cus- 
tom, these will be also the Reunion dates for the United Sons 
and the Confederated Southern Memorial Association. 



HONOR TO PRIVATE lOHN HAMMOND. 

Capt. F. E. Eve, Hazen, Ga., writes about one of his men : 

"I've been on the 'surgeon's roll' for over a year, but hope 
soon to report for 'active duty.' This must be my excuse for 
not noticing sooner through the Veter.\n the reference made 
to the tomb of one of my men killed at Orangeburg, S. C, 
John Hammond, as brave a boy as ever lived. He had no 
conception of danger when fighting the Federals; and if he 
was ever absent a day from his company or from duty until 
he was killed, I never knew of it. Well may it be said: 'Here 
lies a Confederate soldier who did his duty.' His horse was 
killed under him at Brandy Station in the celebrated saber 
charge of Cobb's Legion that broke Gen. Pleasanton's trium- 
phal advance, recapturing Gen. Jeb Stuart's headquarters and 
enabling him to re-form his lines, make a counter charge on 
Pleasanton, and drive him across the Rappahannock. The 
charge of Cobb's Legion, led by Gen. P. M. B. Young, was 
the turning point in this fight. 

"I notice in the December Veteran that H. H. Scott, one 
of Gen. Wade Hampton's scouts, very properly corrects the 
claim of some of Wheeler's Cavalry to a little hand-to-hand 
saber and pistol fight at Fayetteville, N. C. I have heard 
Gen. Hampton, with snapping eyes, tell of this little affair 
in the presence of Hugh Scott and in his absence. The old 
General's saber stood him in good stead that day. 

"Now as to the spotted horse: Tip Watkins was orderly 
sergeant in Company I, of Cobb's Legion (Richmond Hussars 
from Augusta, Ga.), and he captured the spotted horse be- 
longing to Kilpatrick and unwillingly, as he told me himself, 
gave him back to Gen. Kilpatrick for two other horses. 
Cobb's Legion, led by that game old fighter and veteran of 
the Mexican War, Col. Gib Wright, who was wounded time 
and again by both pistol and saber, for he was ever in the 
front, was the first in the charge made on Kilpatrick's camp. 

"The Cobb Legion went to Virginia in 1861, and was one 
of the regiments that formed the famous First Cavalry Bri- 
gade, A. N. v., and what Gen. Wade Hampton thought of 
them he often expressed in public addresses as well as in 
private conversation. They were never in Wheeler's Cavalry. 
Gen. Hampton was the ranking officer, and commanded 
Wheeler's Cavalry as much as he did Butler's Cavalry — in 
fact, after Stuart's death he was the ranking lieutenant gen- 
eral, and commanded all the cavalry. He was present and in 
command, and the fight was made by his direction. He was 
not a West Pointer, as was Gen. Wheeler." 



THE SONS IN OKLAHOMA. 
On January 6 a charter was issued by Commander in Chief 
N. R. Tisdal to Robert E. Lee Camp, No. 495, United Sons 
of Confederate Veterans, located at Cordell, Okla. The fol- 
lowing are the officers of the new Camp : Commander, Dr. 
Vere V. Hunt; First Lieutenant Commanders, J. M. Arm- 
field, R. A. Billups; Adjutant, R. L. Harvey; Treasurer, W. 
A. Bills; Chaplain, Rutherford Brett; Surgeon, Dr. J. E. 
Forber; Quartermaster, H. D. Young; Color Sergeant, W. 
J. Knott; Historian, T. A. Edwards. 



Dr. Vere V. Hunt, who has recently located there, is a gen- 
tleman who has seen much of the world, having twice traveled 
around it, and whose life has been full of adventures. Born 
in the south of England, the Doctor spent much of his early 
life in the British army in West, Central, and Southern Africa. 
He was the only commissioned officer that escaped from the 
sanguinary battle of Isandlhwana, and was decorated by the 
Queen for bringing the body of Prince Louis Napoleon into 
camp. Some months later he was permanently crippled by 
having his horse shot under him in the final cavalry charge 
at Ulundi. 

The Doctor graduated in arts and law from Trinity Col- 
lege, University of Dublin, Ireland. Out of a family of seven 
boys, however, five of the Doctor's brothers were physicians, 




DK. VERE v. HUNT. 

and, yielding to what seemed fate, the Doctor added a sixth, 
graduating from two of Chicago's prominent medical insti- 
tutions—Dunham Medical College and Hospital, and Hering 
Medical College and Hospital. He also served a term in 
Cook County Hospital, Chicago, the largest medical infirmary 
west of New York. 

Regarding the Doctor's immediate ancestors, who belong 
to one of the oldest families in England — the De Veres, of 
Oxford — the Dallas News of July 6, 1903, says : "Old Con- 
federate veterans will remember Dr. Vere V. Hunt's name 
from the fact that his father and two uncles ran the blockade 
to join their brother-in-law. Gen. J. E. Erskire, of Louisiana, 
on the side of the South. All three brothers had previously 
distinguished themselves in the British army. The Doctor's 
father, Maj. Gen. Sir Edmund Langley Hunt, V.C.K.C.B., 
of Hurst Manor, Bucks, is Equerry to King Edward, and held 
the present Prince of Wales in his arms when the future king 
of England received his cognomen. Sir Edmund is a hale 
and hearty veteran of seventy-four years." 

Commander in Chief N. R. Tisdal has appointed Dr. Hunt 
National Chairman for the Relief Committee of the United 
Sons of Confederate Veterans. 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



91 



PAPERS TO BE READ BY THE U. D. C. 

The Cradle of the Confederacy Chapter at Montgomery, 
Ala., outlines its programme of historical exercises for a 
year at a time. The conclusion to July, 1905, is as follows : 

February : "Fall of Fort Donelson and the Taking of Is- 
land No. 10, Mrs. M. P. Watt; "Who Were Mason and Sli- 
dell?" Mrs. Jessie Lamar; "How Was Ammunition Obtained 
for the Confederacy?" Mrs. R. M. Collins. 

March: "Battle of Shiloh," Mrs. Shirley Bragg; "Death 
oi Albert Sidney Johnston," Mrs. Paul Smith. 

April: "Naval Engagement in Hampton Roads," Mrs. C. 
H. Beale; "Fall of New Orleans," Mrs. John W. Durr, Jr. 

May : "Battle of Seven Pines and the Seven Days' Fight- 
ing around Richmond," Mrs. J. K. Jackson; "When Was the 
Proposition Made to Exchange Prisoners, and How Did the 
First Effort Terminate?" Mrs. Albert Taylor. 

June : "Jackson's Valley Campaign," Mrs. M. A. Baldwin. 



•'SOUTHERN HEROES AND OTHER POEMS." 
Dr. Orion T. Dozier has given the above title to the 
latest compilation of his book of poems. The book is dedi- 
cated "To the United Sons and United Daughters of the 
Confederacy, scions of the most noble, chivalrous, brave, and 
heroic exemplars of soldierly and loyal patriotism ; the most 
faithful adherents to their God-given instincts of racial su- 
periority and fidelity to their Caucasian blood." It is not nec- 
essary to look beyond this dedication or to say the author is 
a Confederate veteran to find the sentiment that mainly pre- 
vails and is poetically expressed in the book. No collection 




of Southern poems by Southern authors would be complete 
without a copy of "Southern Heroes and Other Poems." 

The author has the happy faculty of never tiring the reader. 
The varied themes that tempt his Muse give zest and in- 
terest to the volume throughout. With surprising versatility 
he runs the gamut from grave to gay, at one moment as 
sentimental as Stern, the next as satirical as Juvenal ; at 
times as pathetic as Poe, and then as humorous as Stanton. 

He weaves the negro dialect into verse with an accuracy 
that marks him as "native to the manor born." For instance, 
Uncle Mose opens his sermon with 

"My belubed cullud brudders, 

Havin' left at home my specks 

I'll have ter ax your pardon 

Fer not readin' ob my tex ; 

But yer'll find de inspiration 

Ob what 1 has ter say 
In de Pistle ob de Postle 
To de Church in Arfica." 
This book is supplied by the Veteran with a year's sub- 
scription for $1.75, or free for five new subscriptions. 
Dr. Dozicr's address is Birmingham. Ala. 



W. H. Davis, who was a member of Capt. James R. Lester's 
Company (F), Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, "Paul's People," 
desires to hear from Charlie Miller, who was also a member 
of that company, and was afterwards a lieutenant on Gen. 
John A. Wharton's staff. 



D«. ORION T. DOZIERi 



THE CONFEDERATE MINING COM PAN y. IN 
MARICOPA COUNTY, ARIZONA. 

STATEMENT OF MANAGER THEODORE CRANDALL. 

The manager of the Confederate Mining Company reports 
that with four or five thousand dollars more he can com- 
plete the development work. The rule of mining is to cut 
the side wall where the copper is bedded on three sides, so it 
will show the ore on all three sides. Then its value can be 
estimated to a certainty, and the mine placed upon the market 
if the stockholders so desire. 

The manager also reports that the property is in fine con- 
dition and of great value, and that with reasonable time 
and a few thousand dollars more he can make it a great 
producer. He says that, at a low estimate, this property is 
worth at least five hundred thousand dollars. 

This has all been accomplished with an expenditure of less 
than sixteen thousand dollars, including the purchase price of 
the property. A fine showing surelj% one that ought to satisfy 
tlie most exacting stockholder. This report by Manager 
Crandall is verified by the expert mining engineer, W. H. 
Mercer, of Globe, Arizona. 

There have been 14,433 shares of treasury stoclt sold, which 
would give each stockholder about thirty-five dollars pei 
share, or about three and a half times the par value of the 
stock. Besides this, we are assured that with the expenditure 
of a few thousand dollars more in the mines the property can 
be made to show double the present value. It takes time and 
money, accompanied with a great deal of hard work and 
patience on the part of the managers, to keep the mill grind- 
ing; but, with the good results .t1 ready obtained, it looks like 
the dividends w-ill soon come. 

There are a few hundred certificates of the two-dollai 
stock yet unsold. First call first served, either cash or on 
the installment plan. 

R. W. Crabb, Treasurer, Uniontown, Ky. 



92 



C^oijfederat^ Ueteraij 



A CURE FOR ASTHMA. 

Astlima ^iiffiT'TJi need ii" lonyer le;ive hntne an<l 
business in order to be cured. N'liture Ims produced 
a vegetable remedy that will rermnueutly cure 
Asthma and all diseases of tlie lutigs and bronchial 
tubes. Having tested its wonderfulcurative powers 
in thousands of cases {with a record of 90 per cent 
permanently CTiredl, and desiring to relieve human 
Buifering. I will send free of charge to all sufferers 
from Asthma, Consumption, Catarrh, iJronchitis, 
and ner\-ous disease";, this recipe with full direc- 
tions for prepiiring and using. Sent bv mall. Ad- 
dress with stamp, natiiing this paper. W. .\. Xoves. 
847 Powers Block. R..ehestcr N. Y. ' 2: 



TO THE IIEST AXO SOUTH- 
WEST, CALIFORNIA, ETC. 

Best reached via Mis.souri Pacific Ky. 
cr Iron Mountain Route from St. Louis. 
Cairo, or Memphis. Greatly reduced 
one-way Colonist rates on February 21 
and March 21, 1905. to Arkansas, Texas. 
Indian and Oklahoma Territories, and 
numerous points in other Western 
States. Great opportunities for the 
home seeker and investor. Home seeker 
round-trip tickets on sale every first and 
third Tuesdays of each month, limited 
tvventy-cne days. Lands are cheap, rates 
are low. Cheap round-trip rates now in 
effect to winter resorts of the West and 
Southwest. Liberal limits and stop- 
over privileges. Daily through Stand- 
ard Pullman sleepers from St Louis, via 
Missouri Pacific Ry. or Iron Mountain 
Route; also personalis conducted tour- 
ist sleepers Tuesdays, Thursdays, and 
Saturdays to California without change. 
Descriptive literature, map folders, etc., 
furnished free. For particulars, rates, 
etc., consult nearest Ticket Agent, or 
address R. T. G. Matthews, T. P. A., 
Room 301 Norton Building, Louisville, 
Ky. 

W. P. Jeanes, of McGregor, Te.x., in- 
quires for some member of the Twen- 
tieth Tennessee Infantry, Capt. Carter's 
company, who can testify to the service 
of W. R. George, in order to enable the 
latter to get a pension. Comrade George 
entered the service at Nolensville, Tenn. 



P. F. Lewis, of Aurora, Tex., asks 
what became of Joe Robinson, of Greasy 
Bend, Witt County, and a member of 
the Fifteenth Texas Regiment. The last 
known of him he was planning to escape 
after the capture of Arkansas Post, Jan- 
uary II, 1863. 



"Kalola" is a new remedy for indi- 
gestion in all of its forms, and is manu- 
factured by a Southern company of 
Savannah, Ga. It is always of interest 
in note the progress of a -Southern en 
tcrprise, and from what is said of Kalola 
by those who use it its success seems to 
be assured. 

A letter has been received at the Vet- 



eran office from M. R. Turner, a Geor- 
gia veteran, who says : "I can recom- 
mend Kalola to all who suffer as I did, 
.'I lid particularly to my old comrades. 
. . . Many nieinbers of our Camp use 
it, and have given their testimony to the 
company." 

Two letters have also been read from 
E. C. Young, Inspector of the Savannah 
Electric Co. The first letter describes 
the relief had from a trial of Kalola, 
and the second letter says: "It has been 
several months since I took Kalola, and 
I now wish to say that I am perma- 
nently cured. ... I can unhesitating- 
ly say that it is the best remedy for wliat 
it is recommended that I have ever 
known." 



Ed H. Farrar, of Centralia, Mo., has 
some bound volumes of the Veteran 
which he is willing to dispose of. Those 
wishing to make up a file might write 
hiiii. 



NMSJ 



FLORIDA, CUBA, NASSAU. 

Winter excursion rates over N., C. 
and St. L. Ry. via Nashville, Chatta- 
nooga, Lookout Mountain, and Atlanta, 
through the old battlefields of the Civil 
War. 

Three daily trains to Jacksonville and 
St. Augustine, including the famous all- 
year-round train, the "Dixie Flyer," and 
the luxuriously appointed winter train, 
the "Chicago and Florida Limited." 

Both trains make direct connections at 
Jacksonville for South Florida points. 

Ask Ticket Agents for folders, or 
write to W. L. Danley, General Passen- 
ger Agent, Nashville, Tenn. 



50c per Copy 

(or 

CONFEDERATE VETERANS 

will be given for one each of the follow- 
ing liaek numliers in good condition: 
Nos. 1. 2. 3. 4, 5, 0. 7. 11 of Vol. l; Nos. 
1, 3. 7 of Vol. 2; Nos. G, 7 of Vol. 3; 
No. 7 of Vol. 4; No. 10 of Vol. 5; No. 2 
of Vol. 7; No. 1 of Vol. 8: No. 7 of Vol. 9. 

AliliKK.sS 

J. E. TAILMAN, Hubbard City, Tex. 



$^^^ _ n*-- 0--«. Send ns ynur nrldrrss. 
QaDaySurei;o;l^;;;n.!;t;ii?ad;;v 
^^^^ furnish the wnik inid tearh yn-i free. You 
work in the locality where yu livf. Send us your 
address and we will explain the business fuT ,-. Re- 
iiipinber we ciiiiriintee a ehiir profit nf $3 fn very 
diiv's work ab-.i^lutelv sure. Write at once 

ROYAL MANUFACTURING CO., Box 799. Detroii, iViich. 



. TICHENOR'S ANTISEPTIC 




Wounds, Bruises, Burns, 
Sprains, Colic, Cramps, 
Diarrhoea and Flux .... 

Per Bottle, 10 Cents, 50 Cents, $1.00 

SHERROUSE HEOICINE CO., New Orleans, U 



HOT SPRINGS, ARK. 

This great health and pleasure resort 
is best reached via the Iron Mountain 
Route. Quickest schedule and solid 
trains, Pullman sleepers, chair cars, etc., 
from St. Louis or Memphis daily. Now 
is the season to visit this great resort. 
Low round-trip rates, liberal limits. 
Handsome descriptive literature fur- 
nished free. For rates, map folders, etc., 
call on nearest Ticket Agent, or address 
R. T. G. Matthews, T. P. A., Room 301 
Norton Building, Louisville, Ky. 



Capt. W. W. Carnes, No. 106 Water 
Street, Tampa, Fla., is very desirous of 
completing his file of the Veteran by 
securing the first six copies of 1893. 
Any one having these copies will confer 
a great favor by communicating witli 
him promptly. 



HANCOCK'S DIARY 

gives a faithful account of the experi- 
ences of the writer, R. R. Hancock, 
who was a member of Bell's Brigade, 
Buford's Division, Forrest's Cavalry, 
and it includes a history of Forrest's 
command for the last fifteen months of 
the war. Bound in cloth, 644 pages. 
•Price, reduced, $1.50; with the Veteran 
one year, $2. 



Qoi>federat<^ l/eterai). 



93 




Silk Flags 



2x3 inches, mounted on pins, - 5c. each 

4x6 inches, mounted on staff, - 10c. each 

12-18 inches, mounted on staff, - 50c. each 

SENT POSTPAID ON RECEIPT OF PRICE 

S. N. MEYER. 

1231 Pa. Ave. N. W., WASHINGTON, D. C. 
Si'TuT for C.nifedorato price li^t. 



GOOD SHOPPING FREE OF COST. 

Mrs. M. B. Morion, of 625 Russell 
Street, Nashville, Tenn., has varied ex- 
perience as Purchasing Agent, and her 
small commissions are paid by the mer- 
chants, so that her services are absolute- 
ly free to purchasers. 

An efficient purchasing agent is post- 
ed in latest styles and "fads" and the 
most reliable dealers. Mrs. Morton sup- 
plies household furnishings, wardrobes 
in detail, jewelry, etc. She makes a 
specialty of millinery. 

References are cordially given by the 
Confederate Veteran and the Nash 
ville daily press. 

W , I!. Shelton, of Springfield, Mo. 
(No. 1611 N. Jcfiferson Street), would 
like to l-.ear from any survivors of Com- 
l),^ny H (Capt. Coulter), Twenty-Ninth 
Tennessee Regiment. 



SaLvaLivi\aLK 
Weekly News 

ISSUED MONDtTS iND THURSDUS 
SAVANNAH. GA. 

A Good Family Newspaper 

With Agricultural and Literary 

Departments 

All the News of Soutliern and Eastern Georgia 

SAMPLF, CiiPIES FREK 

GAe Savani\a.K Weekly News 

J. H. ESTILL, President 



Cancer Cured by Auoiuting with Oil. 

A v;ombinatioii of soothing and halmy oils has 
Vieen discovered which readily cures all forms 
of cancer and tumor. It is safe and sure, and 
may be used at liome without pain or distitiure- 
mi'iit. Readers should write for free liooksto 
the oricnnators. whose home offiee address is Dr. 
D. M. Bye Co., Box 462, Dallas, Tex. 



E. M. Pace, of Wilson. N. C, is very 
anxious to hear from some member of 
his old company. B, of the Tenth Geor- 
gia Cavalry, commanded by Capt. Smitli 
lie parted company with them at Bur 
lington, then known as Company Shops, 
within twc'ity-tvvo miles of Greensboro, 
when Johnston's army surrendered tn 
Sherman. 



I". P. .Anderson, of Waxahachie, Tcn , 
corrects a statement on page five of Jan- 
uary Veteran that in 1897 land in Ellis 
Cfumty was worth tcn to twelve dollars 
■r acre- The date should have been 
i.'^7o. 



James K Womack, of Hillsboro, Tex . 
makes inffuiry for any survivors of 
Company K. Fourth Louisiana Cavalry. 



J, MAT WILLIAMS. PRESIDENT 

T J. HAYS Vice Pres .nd Treas 

W. B. PAUL. Secretary 

INCORPORATED 

CAPITAL, - $50,000 

WILLIHPIS & HHYS GO. 

REAL ESTATE BROKERS 

Timber. MlTieral. and Farm Lands. 

LOANS 

NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE 



TEXAS FRUIT LANDS 

PRODUCE EARLY CROPS WHICH 
BRING FANCY PRICES 



In Texas they begin shipping ber- 
ries in .\pril, tomatoes in May, peaches 
in June, bringing fancy prices up North. 

The growing season is much longer 
than in the North — a chance to make 
two and three crops, reducing the ex- 
pense of "getting through" the winter 

Fruit and truck lands along the Cot- 
ton Belt Route are very cheap as yet — 
$10 to $15 an acre unimproved. When 
put to orchard or truck they can be 
made to yield $too to $200 per acre and 
more. 

Besides, it's an ideal climate — no long, 
cold winters. Write for booklet on 
fruit- and truck-growing. 

W. <:. An.VMS, T. V. A. 
Cotton Ht'lt Koiite. >ashville, Tenn. 



Col. McNeil's Regiment, Harrison's 
Brigade. Would like to hear from some 
of them. 



NEW ORLEANS 

Picayune 



X THE MOST RELIABLE. 
NEWSIEST, and CLEANEST 
PAPER IN THE SOUTH A; 



I 



.\ iM . ■ >.^iu iii i-\i.'r\ In 'inc. lull .\ssiici:it(--J 
Tri'ss ri'iiiirls covering \hv i i-ws i'( the 
\v(irUi. :iii(] s]>oci;il trlcijrains from all sec- 
lions of Ihe Soulli. Special nrliclcs by dis- 
tinnviished iinthors. 

l*ricc, lliree nH>nlhs, $",.00. 

Cbc 

Cwicc=a^lUc«k 

Picayune 

|iiiblislu-<l every Momtiiv .inj Thursday, ten 
1 ilfcs iMih issiie. reverini; Ihe l.ilisl inar- 
l.el rrperls and all hi.porlanl news of the 
worUl. 

Oiii- > <■.■»■. SI. 00. Or vi'Will scnil 
the '<<>lir<'<l<"riile VeliTMii :iinl 
Two ••-!!- Wei'li l'»-:l,viiiii-olip.vf:ir 
r.ir l»l..->0. 

,\ddr<?ss cither Xiiw Oki.f..\n.s Picayune, 
V.w (Irleaiis, I-a., "r Com KnKR.\Ti.: Vet- 

I i< \\. Vaslivlll.'. Tenn. 



THE STATE 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 

Daily and Sunday, - $8.00 a year 
Semlwccitly, - - 2.00 a year 
Scmiwcckly Stale and 
Confederate Veteran, 2,25 a year 

CASH W/ITH ORDER 

Larjicst liaily circulation 
in South C,Trolina., 

Unexcelled as an adver- 
tising inedium. 

Try a classified advertise- 
ment in the want column. 
Only one cent a word. 
Minimum charge, 25 cents. 

sEjVD for sample copy 

THE STATE COMPANY 

lOlAMUIA. S C. 



1 



94 



Qo^federat^ l/eterap, 



SOUTHERN PACIFIC 

SUNSET ROUTE 

Ney^ Orieans^'San Francisco 

No SiTioke No Cinders No Snow No Ice No Extremes 

THE BEST WINTER ROUTE 

Sunset Express 

Running Oil-Burning Locomotives All the Way 

LEAVES NEW ORLEANS DilLT AT 11:55 A,M, LEAVES SAN FRAhCISCO DAILT AT 5:45 P,M, 

Tarries Ccimhinatioii (Hjsprvation. Lil rary, and Buffet Car. Double Drawing-Room 
Sleeping Cars, Pullman Standard Sleejiers, Excxirsion Sleeping: Car, aud Dininj; Car. 

The Ideal Train over the Picturesque Southern Route 

Throug:}! Louisiana. Texas, New Mexico. Arizona, and Californi,a: along the 
Rio Grande Dividing Line between the Two Republics. 

T. J. ANDERSON, G. P. A. JOS. HELLEN, A. G. P. A. F, E. BATTURS, G. P. A. 

HOUSTON. TEXAS HOUSTON. TEXAS NEW ORLEANS, LA. 



Hours Saved 

BY TAKING THE 




TO THE 



INorth and East 

St. Louis or Memphis 

ROCK-BALLASTED ROADBED, 

WIDE VESTIBULED TRAINS, 

PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS, 

NEW DINING CARS, 

ELECTRIC LIGHTS, ELECTRIC FANS, 

RECLINING CHAIR CARS 

ELEGANT d7y COACHES. 



Forfurtherinformation, apply to Ticket Agents 
of connecting Unes. or to 

R. T. G. MATTHEWS. T. P, A., 

LOUiSVILLE, KY. 

H. C. TOWNSEND, 

GCN'LPASS'R AND TICKET AGENT, ST. LOUIS. 



BIG FOUR 



THE BEST LINE TO 

In did napoltj 

"Peoria 

Chicago 

AND ALL POINTS IN INDIANA AND 
MICHIGAN 



>» 



Cte-Veland 
"BxxJ^falo 

"Boston 

AND ALL POINTS EAST 



Information cheerfully furnished on ai>- 
iilicatiou at Citv Ticket Office ''Big Four 
Iluute." No. -5!t Fijurth Avenue, or write to 
S. J. Gates. (Tenors I Acreut Pa.-.seuger De- 
partment, fjoxiisville. Ky. 



CDC^TaPI Ce fttwholesale. Send 
OrCU I HuLEa rorcutalog. Agents 
I wanted. COULTEBOFIICALGO. Chleiito.UI. 



^yire you Going 
East? 

ir .yO. TAKE, THB 



SEABOARD 

AIR LINE RAILWAY. 



DIRECT ROUTE AND A 
PLEASANT ONE BETWEEN 

South and East. 



Superb TreLinal 

Pullman DrsLwin^-Room Sleepers! 

Comforl&ble Thoroughfare Cars! 

C&.fe Dining CsLra! 

For information as to rates, reserra- 
eions, descriptive advertising matter, 
call on your nearest ticket agent ar 
address 

WILLIAM B. CLEMENTS. T. P. A.. 

Atlanta, 6a. 

CK&rl«« B. R.ya..n, W. E. CKriatiui, 

Q. P. A., A. G. P. A., 

PORTSMOCTH, Vi. ATLANTA, OA. 




THROUGH SERVICE 

L. & N., E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 



2Vestibuled Through Trains Dally /•y 
NASHVILLE TO CHICAGO ^ 
THROUGH SLEEPERS and DAY COACHES 
NEW ORLEANS TO CHICAGO 

DINING CARS SERVING ALL MEALS EN ROUTE 

D. H. HILLMAN, 0. P A.. S. I ROOERS, Geo. Ajf. 

EVANSVILLE. IND. NASHVILLC. TENN. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



95 



Shopping by Mail 

MRS. GERTRUDE E. HESS 

Purchasing Agent 

Hotel St, James, 109 W. 15th SI, New Tork 

S)ioTipiiit; of all descrix)tioiiR exeout<*fl 
FREE OF C:HARGE f<»r i)atrou8 in and 
out of >,i.'\v York rity. (';tn'hil atU»ntiu!i 
given ti> the selection of Wedding Trous- 
seaux. Ladies' Evening (towiis. and Street 
Costumes. Estimati'seheerfnily turnipbed. 
Circular and references on application. 




JAOKSONVfLLb. 

r\% V&ldosta Route, from \*:\l(losta via Cieorglr 

Sonthem.a^d Florida Kv., from Maccai 

via Central of CJcorgia Ry.» froii. 

ATLANTA 

vlt Wcslem anJ Atlinlic R. U., from 

CHATTANOOGA 



NASHVILLE 

riathe XmshvIIIe, Chattanooga, niul Si. 1^-olt K- 
arriving at 

ST. LOUIS 



CHICAGO 

mt ths Illinois Centrrs! R. R. (ran: Martin, T«nt: 

OOUBLE DAILY SERVICE AN I 
THROUGH SLEEPING CARS 

MAINTAINED OVEW THIS 

SCENIC LINE. 

T!cKel 8£eni3 of the Jacksonville St. Louis an* 
Chlcae-o line, and agents of connecting lines L 
FioTiaa anc the Southeast, vviU cive you full k: 
formation aj to schedules oitlii;= ciouble da''v serv 
Ir* to St Louis. Chicago, and the Northwest, anc 
of train time of line? connecting. They wiU aU( 
••U you tickets and advise vou as to rates. 



F. D. MlUUiR . Atlanta, Ga 

TrmvcUog Passe:;ger A^ent I. C. R« R. 

F. R. WHEELER, XASHvii.rR, Thnn. 

Commercial Agent. 



LETTER 
PAPER 

n n n n 



CONFEDERATE 

^ VETE'RAfiS 
DAX/GHTEHS 



NEW REDUCED PRICES 

WHILE TUE STOCK LASTS 

$2.50 gels aoO sheets in 3 tablets 
$4.25 gets 500 sheets in 5 tablets 

These jirieos inehule the prinlini; of the name of the <'iinii>, < 'hapU-r, 
elc. till' names of the ollieer.s. :iii<l post oUiee a<lilresses. 
Slock ruled or ininilfil 



Brandon Printing Co. 

/NASHVILLE. TEMf^. 



Manufacturing Stationers. 

Engravers. Printers. Lithographers, 

General Office Outfitters. 



TWO WARS; 

An Autobiography of Samuel G. French, 

CrjduJtcof VTesI Point in 1843. Liftilemnt of Light Ar^ 

lillery in the United Slates Army: in the 

Mexican Vt'ar. and Maicr General in 

the Confederate Army. 

From diaries and notes, careful- 
1\ kept tluring- many years of ac- 
tive niilitarv ser\ice, and diiriii<j 
the da3s of reconstruction. Pub- 
lished by the 

Confederate Veteran, 

Nashville, Tenn. 




This book is more th.in a charming 
biography of a distinguished man; it 
J is a graphic and faithful story of the 
Mexican war, the war between the 
.•Stales, ami the iii-on^tr\iclion period, as well as a powerful vindication of 
the .South hv one who was born, reared ami educated at the North, but 
wliose convictions and sentiments early led him to cast his fortunes Avilh 
the Confederacy, and is, therefore, of especial historical value and interest 
to the people of the South. The book has been highly praised hv nianv 
distinguished men, and extracts from many reviews of the work will be 
sent on request, 

"Two Wars" is issued in one royal octavo volume, bound in English 
cloth, with cnbossed side and back, contains tine portraits of the author 
and many le.uling characters in the war between the States, together 
with engravings of battle scenes, points of interest, etc., of that great strug- 
gle. It contains over 400 p.iges. Price, $2. 

Special Offer: Kor $2.50 a copy of "Two Wars" and The Confeder- 
ate \ ETER \N for one year will be sent to any address. Old subscribers to 
the \'etkram may also renew on this basis. 

Agents Wanted for botli the book and the N'etkran, to whom liberal 
commissions will lie paid. 



96 



Qor^federate l/eterai). 



'•^ 




, READ a"^ HEED ! 

'*3 A Last Opportunity to secure at a 

1 Bargain a Set of 

/ Rise and Fall of the 
Confederate Government. 

BY PRESIDENT JEFFERSON DAVIS, 




JEFFEKSON DAVIS, PRES. 

"^^IlERE has just been purchased hv tl'.e Veteran the publishers' 
^L entire etlition of Mr. Davis's " llise and Fall of the Confederate 
Government." This closing out sale is comprised entirely of 
the half-morocco binding, with marble edges, and published for $14 
per set. The purchase of this entire stock was on such favorable 
terms that the Veterax will supply them at half price, the cost of 
transportation added — $7.65. The two volumes contain over fifteen 
hundred pages and thirty-seven fine steel engravings and map plates, 
first prints can be procured only through speculators at faljulous prices. 

This book is famous in many ways. Through generations of the future it will be accepted as the authentic history 
of the South in the crisis of the sixties. No other will assume to rival it. Argument in behalf of its inestimable value 
is useless. From every aspect it is as noble as is its dedication; "To the Women of the Confederacy." 

This entire edition is offered as follows: For fifteen subscribers to the Veteran the two volumes will be sent free to 
any address in the United States. This gieat work will be sent to subscribers who cannot procure new subscriptions 
for $7 and cost of mailing or express ($7.65). Camps of Veterans. and Chapters of Daughters of the Confederacy can 
easiU' secure tiie fifteen subscribers and get this book for their librarw Name in gold, 35 cents extra; net, ^8. 



When this edition is exhausted, copies of these 



A^dclress S, A.. CUNNINaHJiM, Nash\-Ule, Tenn, 




^i^a; 



u/>e LiOef'pool 



.... ihe tOorld 



r 



and London 

and Globe 

Insurance Co. 



Southern Hog ami Poultry Farm 

O. F. BARRY, ALEXANDRIA, TENN., U. S. A. 

Large, mellow. PolandChiua Hogs, breeding stock of tlie greatest blood 
and the best families in the world. 

The blood <>f the Fii-st Prize Winners and Chainpioi\s of the "World's Fair 
is in this horfl. 
_^^^^^_^^ Whito and Barred Rocks, White Wyandottes, and Dark Bvahmas. Eggs 

'^^^^OJ^^s^^ in season, i;l.5U for 13. 



'■^ip/i 



9-FOOT COTTON STALKS IN VIRGINIA 

Among the many strong evidences of the great '.aluc of "Cereallte," we cut the followino; from the 
Gniphic, the local paper of Franklin, V.i. The onjy other fertilizer used under the cotton was Home 
Fertilizer. , , . , , ^ 

From the FranMin (Fa.) Graphic: "Mr. Albert Sidney Johnson is not only a pood peanut buyer but 
an expert farmer. This latter fact is fuHv demonstrated by an exhibition of his cotton crop at the 
Graphic office this week. There are two stalks, one 9 feet high with 60 bolls, the other 5 feet, 10 inches, 
with 125 bolls, many additio al blooms on eacli stalk. Who can beat this? The fertilizer used was 
'Cerealite Top Dress'ing.' one bag (my pounds) to the acre." Write for circulars. For sale by 

Home Fertilizer Chemical Works, 932 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 





Get Close to Nature 

by workintra teu liours a day this spring 
ill y<iiir Iluwer 4,'arden. It will maki- a 
new woman of you. Letmehelpyou do 
it! For 8c and the names of two flower- 
loving friends, I will start you wiih 4 
packets of pure fresh seeds: 

Nasturtiums — 20 kinds. Royal 

Show Fansies— 1^0 color.s;. gweet 

Peas— to varieties ; Asters— all kinds. 

FRLE. "F1.0RALCrLTUnE."nn(1i:ah Annual 

CulalpiMc, with Bppclal ofler ofllUiMn casli firiies 

'.ir Liat pUtiir'8 .if jQrit or la^rn eown with tb. 

famnuB LEI'PINCOTT flower eceda. Write mo 

NOW— nhilo jou ihlnk 01 It. 

MISS C. H. LIPPINCOTT 

Ptanffr Sct-iii^ivifuin 0/ .Imtrica. 

319 Gth Street, 

BliDueapolis, Minn. 



FOR OVER SIXTY YEARS 

An Old and Weil-Tried Remedy. 

MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHINO SYRUP 

has been used for over SIXTY VEAKS by MILLIONS o< 
MOTHERS fur their CHILDEEN WHILE TEETHINa, 
WITH PERFECT SUCnESS. It SOOTHES the CHILD, 
SOFTENS the GUMS, ALLAYS all PAIN; CDRES WIND 
COLIO. and is Ihe best remedy I'or DIARRHEA. Sold bj 
Druggists in every part ol the world. Be sure to ask for 

MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP, 

AND TAKE NO OTHER KIND. 
TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A BOTTLE. 



ONE HUNDRED 

copies of a letter, piece of 
music, drawing, or any writing 
can be easily made on a 

Lawton Simplex Pdoter. 

»*Nowasliing. No weltingpaper. 
Send for circulars and samples 
of work. Agents wanted. 
I AWTOIM A CC% 30 Vesey Street, New York. 
l-,rt VV I Wi-^ tx ^V/., 59 Dearborn Street. Chicago, 




Vol. 13 NASHVII.I,E, TBNN., MARCH, 1905 No. 3 

Qopfederate l/eterap. 







Qoi}federat(^ l/eterai). 




DRAUCHON'S 

PRACTICAL BUSINESS 



Pn^lTiriN JRn per month guaranteed or money 
rUOIIlUn O jlU tuition out of salary aftergraduating. N 



CATALOGUE FREE. Add. J. F. DRAUQHON, Pres. 

Chain of 20 Colleges. Inc. $300,000.00 Capital. Eslab. IG years. 

' refunded, or you may pay 

_ . No vacation. Enter 

any time. la thoroughness and reputation D. P. B. C.'s are to otherjj 
Bus. Colleges what Harvard University is to Academies.^ 7,000 students^ 
annually. Indorsed by business men from Me. to Cali. Cheap board. ^ 
H OyV\ E I Contract given to refundmonev.ifaftertating our Home^ 
STUDY I Study by mail, you are not satisfied. Write for prices. 




9-FOOT COTTON STALKS IN VIRGINIA 



AmoiifT the many strong evidences of the great value of "Cerealile," we cut the following frnin the 
Graphic, the local paper of Franklin, Va. The only other fertilizer used under the cotton was Home 
Fertilizer. 

From i/if Franklin {Va.) Graphic: "Mr. Albert Sidney Johnson is not only a g^ood peanut buyer but 
an expert farmer. This latter fact is fully demonstrated by an exhibition of his cotton crop at the 
Graphic office this week. There are two stalks, one 9 feet high with (x> bolls, the other 5 feet, 10 inches, 
with 1J5 bolls, nianv additional blooms on each stalk. Who can beat this? The fertilizer used was 
'Cerealiie Top-Dressing.' one bag (1(17 [jounds) to the acre." Write for circulars. For sale by 

Homo Fertilizer Chemical Works, 932 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 




J6 M^ 




Get Close to Nature 

by wurkintra ft-w lioursa day this spring 
uir (lower garden. It will makt- a 
woman of you. Let me help you do 
it! For 8c and the names of two flower- 
loviiit; fijt-tids, I will start you with k 
\^\x\.'\<^'Xs ni |iiirL' fresh seedji: 

Nasturtiiiiiis — 20 kinds , Royal 

Show I'ausii's-HK) colors; Sweet 

Peas— 4U varieties ; Asters-all kinds. 

FREE. ■■ FLORAL Cl'LTURE.-BLd lath Adi.u»1 

Catalotnie. with special ofler of 1100 In cash yniti 

r l»Bt pli'tiirfia of yard or lawn bowd wltli the 

ftm,.ni l.il'I'lSCOTT fluwtr Beede. Write me 

NOW— «t,il6 jou tbinltotlt 

MISS C. H. LIPPINCOTT 

Pt07t(er SfdU-nomaii of .Imerua 

319 6th Street, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 



EmDr.l5AAClH0HP30|J)EYEWATER, 



iOREEYES 



School Girls and Boys 

Earn a WATCH, SIONET RING, or FOUN- 
TAIN PEN by selling 6 copies of " Songs of the 
Confederacy and Plantation Melodies " at 50 
cents each. Order at once. 

Mrs. Albert nlitchell, Paris, Ky. 



FOR OVER SIXTY YEARS 

AnOld and Well-TrJed Remedy. 

MRS. WINSLOWS SOOTHING SYRUP 

haa bfen usted lor over tilXTY YEARS by MILLIi_>N.S oi 
MOTHERS f,,r Iheir CHILDREN WHILE TEETHING, 
WITH PERFECT SUCCESS. It SOOTHES the CHILD, 
SOFTENS the GCMS, ALLAYS all PAIN; CURES WIND 
COLIC, and is the best remedy for DIARRHEA. Sold b; 
Druggists iu every part of the world. Be aure to aak (ut 

MRS. WINSLOWS SOOTHING SYRUP, 

AND PAKE NO OTHER KIND. 
TWENTY-FIVB CENTB A BOTTLBt 



\ 



e. P.TURNER, 

aENX Pass'R and Tiokit Aqent, 

Dallas. Tex«» 



TENNESSEE CENTRAL R. R. 

If Ton Are Seeking' 

a Home, a Farm, or a 
iStock Farm, a location 
Ifor a Wood-Workin<j 
'Factory, a lui-ation for 
a Factory of any kind, 
for Timlicr Lands, for 

Coal Lands, the line of 

the Tennessee C^nti-iil Kailioad ofl'er-s the finest 
opportunity in tlie S -utli— fnr the lloine SceUor, 
tlie Wantiracturcr, ami llie Far.ner. It is anew 
line running tlirougli a new and rich country, 
and accessible by rail to all iiarts of the United 
States. For further information aiMivss 

E. H. HINTON, Traffic Mgr., ''TeS''^' 



$^^^ n— .. 0..»» Sfiid us ynur address. 

^^m 9 il9U XiilD and we will show you 
IK a UQl OUIC hriw to make «3 a day 
»^^ - ."-J — absolutely sure. We 

^^^ furnish the work uud teach you free. You 
work in the localitv where yu live. Send us your 
address and we will explain the business fully. Re- 
member we truarantee a elearprutlt of |3 fu every 
day's w'-rk ab^oUuelv sure. Write at once 
DOYAL MANUFACTURING CO., Boi 799 Detioit, Mich. 




(Confederate l/eteraij. 



99 



THE WEST POINT ROUTE 

Atlanta and West Point Railroad, 
The Western Railway of Alabair".*. 

Transcontinental Lines 
Fast Mail Route 



Operating the fastest scheduled train 
in the South. To 

TEXAS. MEXICO, CALIFORNIA 

and all Southwestern points. 

Superb dining cars; through Pullmar 
and tourist sleeping cars. For special 
rates, schedules, and all information, ad 



dreas 



J. B. Heyward, D. P. A., 
Atlanta, 6a. 




THE BEST PLACB 
TO PURCHASE 
ALL-WOOL 

Bunti ng or 
Silk Flags 

of All Kinds, 

SilK Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps 

and .ill kinds of MiUt;irv Kquipment 
and Society Goods is at 

Veteran J. A. JOEL & CO., 

88 Nassau Street, New York CItt 

SEND FOR PRICE LIST. 





Dropsy 



CURED 
Gives 
Quick 
Relief. 

Removes aU swelling in 8 to ao 
days ; effects a permanent cure 
in 30 to 60 d.Tvs. Tri.Tl treatment 
^iven free. NothinRCan be fairer 

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Specialists, Box G, Atlanta. Ga. 



Great 
Texas! 

The Eyes of 
the World Are 
Upon Her. 

The Home Seeker 

Wants to know about her 
"Matchless" Climate and htr 
Cheap Lands. 
The Investor 

Wants to know not only about 
her Cheap Land and Low 
Taxes, hut, as well, Her 
Wealth of Mine and Forest, 
and thit is to let you know that 
The International & 
Great Northern, 
Texas' Clreatest Raili-oati, 
Traverses more than a thousan.l 
miles of the Cream of Texas' Re- 
sources, latent and developed, ami 
tliat you may learn more about tlif 
(JREAT \. k (;. N. COU^■TR^ 
liy sending a 2-cent stamp for a 
copy of the ILLUSTRATOR 
AND GKNKRAL NARRATOR, 
or 25 cents for a year's file of same, 
or by writing 

D. .J. F>RICB, 

O. P. et T. A., I. & a. IN. R. R., 

F*nle*«tine, Tex. 



FLORiUTK 



Think of tb»' Laliny sun.shine, of the 
fraerrance of oraujfe blossoms, of the 
golden fruits of Florida : then recall the 
snow, the sleet, the biting and continued 
cold of last winter. 

Splendid train service, with every con- 
venience for the comfort and safety of 
the traveler, has lieen provided via tihe 

TKTLANTie 
eOTXST LINE 

"the jjrt^at tborou^lifai-i- to the tropics. ' 
roiitroUing 1.411(1 mill's of standard rail- 
way in tlio State of Florida. 

winter tourist ti<-kets now on sale via 
fhi.s lino carry tlie followinii privileges 
withottt additKmal eost : 

Stopping off, up to 30 days en route 
to or returning from Jacksonville. 

Many variable routes south of Jack- 
sonville. 

Stop-over privileges in the State of 
Florida at any point within life of 
ticket. 

For illustrated lK>oklet.s on Florida. 
( uUa or ■What ti> Say in Spanish, and 
How to Say It." or other information, 
address 

C. L. SPRAGUE, T. P. A., 

.ViT rni.iii Trtist Building. 
(INCIXN'ATI, (iHU): 

W. J. CRAIG, G. P. A., 

WILMlXiiTiiX. X c. 



NOHTH TEXAS 
^ POINTS ^ 



VIA 



Santa Fe 

^ wJ 



TO 



Ga.lvestoi\, and Points 
South, East, and 
West. «^ <^ Equip* 
meivt. Service, and Cui- 
sine Mnsurpatssed. ^ 



W. S. KEENAN. C. P. A., 
Galveston, Tex. 



100 



Qoofpderat^ Ueteraij. 



ATTJ'lVT' /^7DT T7 A ATO "The Gateway of the Mississippi." The Com- 
lyCW LJl\ljri/\l\^ ing Great City of the Great South. The Largest 
* *"^ " ■^.-.^VJ-r*^* ** » -w Cotton, Rice, and Sugar Market in the World. 

THE MOST POPULAR 

W'NTER. RESORT 

IN AMERICA 

Continuous Horse-Rac ing 

Golf Links 

Hunting and Fishing 

COMFORT • HEALTH 
PLEASURE 




L'itttKife 



£i£S3i 



NEW ST. CHARLES HOTEL 

Modern. Fireproof. First-Class. Aceommndatine One Thousand Gtiests. Turkisli, Russian, 
- Roman, and Plain Baths. Luxurious Sun Batlis ami Palm fiardtii. 
I ANDREW R. BLAKELY & CO.. Limited, Proprietors. 



Not 
Cheapest 




Least 
Expensive 



THE CRErAT 



MAJESTIC 

MALLEA'BLE IHOJ^ AJSfV STEEL 

-^ RANGE ^^ 



Is now for sale tKroughout the Soutl-terrv States by first-class dealers 



r 



Lasij longer 
\/jej: less J^uel 
Heais more bualer 
Heats it quicker 
Gixles better general 
Satisfaction 
Than any other 



If interested, write for catalogue and prices, and ask why we claim the 
MAJESTIC THE BEST 

MAJESTIC MFG. CO.. 2026 Morgan St. ST. LOVIS 



Hoiv to Get TherB 

QUICK 

The Short Line, Via. Bristol 

TO THE EAST 

Throxjgh Train 
No CKa.rvge 

Leave NEW ORLEANS, Q. &C 7:30 p.m 

■■ MEMPHIS. S.mtlifin Ry ll:00p.m, 

" CHATTAXdi iHA,S..uth'nRy. 9:5.5 a.m 

" KXiiXVILIjE. S(.uthi'rii Ry 1:20 p.m. 

" BRISTOL. N, .i; W. Ry 7:00 p.m. 

Ai-'iveLYXCHlirRii. N. & ^V. Ry..... 1:45 a.m. 
•• WASHIXtiTi IX. D. C, So. Ry. 6:52 a.m. 

" BALTIMc IRE. Jia , P. R. R 8:00 a.m. 

■' PHILAiiELPHIA, P. R. R 10:15 a.m. 

" NEW YiiRK, P. R. R 12:43 p.m. 

•' BOSTON, N. Y., N. H., & H 8:20 p.m. 

Through Sleeper Ne^v Orleans io 

New York 
Through Sleeper Memphis to 

New York 

The tiuest Dluing Car Service. 

Relialjle iiif'Tniatinn ,-li. erfiiUv furuisbed by 
Ni>rfi.lk Mild Wf^t.^i-i, Raihvav. lliil W. Ninth 
St. (Rend Hiiiisr BlocI;), Cliiittaii'i'iga, Teuu. 

Warren L. Rohr, Western Passenger Agent, 
Chattanooga. Tenn. 

W. B. Bevill, General Passenger Agent, Hoa^ 
noke, Va. 



TRAVEL VIA THE 



SOUTHERN 
RA IL WA Y 



TKc Great- wSl Through 

est {^^Sleep.ng 

Southern 
System 



Double Dai- , 
ly Service 

Nashville to 
the East, via 
Chattanz Jga 
and Ashe /.ile, 
through 



Car Nash- 
ville to New 
York. 

Dining and 
O bsf r vation 
Cars. 

Pullman 
Sleeping Cars 
on all through 
trains. 

Elegant Day 
Coaches. 



•'THE LAND OF THE SKY" 

J. M. CuLP, 4th Vice Pres., Washington, D. C. 

S. H. Hardwick, Pass. Traffic Manager, 
Washington. D. C. 

W. H. Tayloe, Gen. Pass. Agt., Washing- 
ton, D C. 

C. A. Benscoter, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt., Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn. 

J. E. Shipley, Traveling Pass. Agt., Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Contributors are requested to use only one side of the paper, and to abbrevi- 
ate as much as practicable. These suggestions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the Veteran cannot un- 
dertake to return them. Advertising rates furnished on application. 

Tlie d;ite to a subscription is always given to the month hi/ort- it ends. For 
instance, if the Veteran is ordered to begin with January, the date on mail 
list will be December, and the subscrilier is entitled to that number. 

The f/777 war was too long ago to be called the /aie war, and when cor- 
respondents use that term " War between the States" will be substituted. 

The terms " new South" and " lost Cause** are objectionable to the ^'KTER an. 



OFFICIALLI' nEPRESEJ^TS : 

Vnited Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Soxs OF Veterans, a:cd Other Orgamizations, 

Confederated Soithern Memorial Association. 

Tlie Veteran is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and more 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in existence. 

Though men deserve, thev may not win success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Prick, $1.00 per Year. 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. 



}VOL. 



XIII. 



NASHVILLE, TENN., MARCH, 1905. 



No. 3. \ 



. A. CUNNINGHAM, 
Proprietor. 



DANIEL EMMETT AND "DIXIE'S LAND." 

The fine engraving of Daniel Decatur Emmett on the title- 
page of this number of the Veteran is the occasion for brief 
notes about him and his famous "Dixie's Land." The music 
is without criticism. Might as well put a feather cabled to 
n straw in a whirlwind as for anybody anywhere to censure 
the tune of "Dixie." 

The words of "Dixie's Land" (as the composer designated 
the song) are not so cordially accepted ; the author is unkind- 
ly and severely arraigned by parties desiring a change. 

The composer, as a member of and a hustler for Bryant's 
Minstrels, was directed to prepare something for a new 
.'iensation, as business was waning. Sunday intervening, a 
rainy, dismal day in the poor quarters that he could aflford 
for himself and wife, the young man, impressed with the 
compliment that he was capable of the important undertaking, 
of course was aroused to intenscst concern to "prepare somc- 
tliing new and lively." He had traveled nuicli South as well 
as North, so with his resources, appreciating the great heart 
of the South, he ii stinctively undertook to do his best with 
the best facilities. He had misgivings, however, about the 
production until "Kate," his wife, pronounced it very good. 
It was at once popular. The chorus was taken up by the lads 
in the streets, and hut for the war the author believed it 
would have been immediately popular in the North as well 
as in the South. 

Carefully studying the words of "Dixie" in connection with 
tlie time of the composition, we may read between the lines 
his pride tliat his "parents were Southern born." Without 
intending partisanship, he showed ardor for the South, the 
lirst words being "I wish I was in de land ob cotton." Then 
he made his chorus ecstatic: 

"Hoo-rny! Hoc-ray! We'll take our .■stand to 
live and die in Dixie, 
Away, away, away down South in Dixie." 

It is not nearly so bad to say that "William, a gay de- 
ceaber," put his arms around "Missus" as the way so many 
other "deceivers" put their arms around the girls of this 
period, and much money is paid to witness it every night in 
the week. What is there in other similar "patriotic songs," 
such as "Yankee Doodle," to commend them? 

A careful review of the simple life of the venerable Emmett 
strengthens admiration for him. His sturdy integrity, his 
primitive manners, his genial, kindly soul all bestir affection 
and esteem. He lived to fourscore years and more without an 
illness. He was sober and industrious. When he was eighty 



years of age, the editor of the Veteran was entertained in 
the Capitol of Ohio, and urgent demand was wired "Uncle 
Dan" to share in the occasion. The messenger found him 
off in the forest chopping wood, too late to change his suit; 
hut he was equally honored with the special guest at a banquet 
worthy the President. 

In a letter subsequent to this event he wrote: "Now 
for the banquet. I never in my life enjoyed an entertainment 
with so much pleasure. I liked to have forgotten that I had 
one more meal to eat before I died. The kindness and friend- 
ship, the good feeling and hearty welcome, extended to me 
can never be forgotten by one so unworthy of having such 
great honors bestowed upon him. I hope these 'Reunions' 
will be continued, for by them our late 'unpleasantness' will 
be entirely forgotten." 

The Veteran, as conducted, will ever revere the memory 
of this simple-hearted man who sought happiness without 
extravagance or abuse. 

Althoi gh born in Ohio, at Mount Vernon, where he died 
ami was buried, he said, in connection with the War between 
the States, that he would not enlist in any army against tlie 
South, and "would never fight to make the negro the equal 
of white men." At seventeen years of age he was a soldier 
in the Black Hawk War. 

The mellowness of his music is a lullaby. His first verses 
in song were : 

"Get out of the way, Old Dan Tucker, 
You come loo late to get your supper," etc. 



History of Confederate Flags and Seals. — Dr. Samuel 
E. Lewis, No. 1418 p-ourteenth Street, Washington, D. C, is 
chairman on the committee to collect data on the flags and 
the seals used by the Confederate States. The work on flags 
is well advanced, as reported to the U. C. V. at the Nash- 
ville reunion, 1904; but Dr. Lewis, as chairman, is especially 
desirous of obtaining information regarding the flags of the 
several Confederate States as flown in the first year of the 
war, including banners. Assistance can also be rendered him 
by giving any information relating to the seals used by any 
of the Confederate States during the war period. 



Mrs. V. A. Fuller, Secretary Joseph L. Hogg Chaptir, U. 
D. C, Jacksonville, Tex., writes: "The books, 'Rise and Fall 
of the Confederate Government,' by Jefferson Davis, received. 
Am glad to possess such a noted work, and wish that every 
U. D. C. Chapter owned a set of these books, when they 
could get facts exactly as they were." 



102 



QoQfederate l/eterap. 



Qo^federate l/eterap. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office' Methodist Publishing- House Building-. Nashville, Tenn. 



This publication is the personal property of S. A. funninjiham. All per 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an org:an for Assn 
ciationsthroug-hout the South are requested to commend its patronagre and to 
coSperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

GEN. LEE WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN PRESIDENT. 

Many thousands have read the heautifiil tribute by Senator 
Ben Hill, of Georgia, to Gen. R. E. Lee on the front page of 
the February Veteran, Many had read it before, some of 
whom did not know its author. It is interesting to read 
further from the distinguished statesman in the same con- 
nection. He related a conversation with Gen. Lee, to verify 
his exalted tribute, in which, meeting the General in the 
streets of Richmond near the executive offices, he said to 
him: "General, I wish you would give us your opinion as to 
the propriety of changing the seat of government and going 
farther South." 

"That is a political question, Mr. Hill, and you politicians 
must determine it. I shall endeavor to take care of the army, 
and you must make the laws and control the government." 

"Ah, General," I said; "but you will have to change that 
rule and form and express political opinions; for, if we es- 
tablish our independence, the people will make you Mr. 
Davis's successor." 

"Never, sir," he replied with a tine dignity that belonged 
only to Lee. "That I will never permit. Wliatever talents I 
may possess (and they are but limited) are military talents. 
My education and training are military. I think the military 
and civil talents are distinct, if not diiiferent, and full duty 
in either sphere is about as much as one man can qualify 
himself to perform, I shall not do the people the injustice 
to accept high civil office, with whose questions it has not 
been my business to become familiar," 

"But, General,'' I insisted, "history does not sustain your 
view, Caesar, Frederick of Prussia, and Bonaparte were all 
great statesmen as well as great generals," 

"And all great tyrants," he promptly rejoined. "I speak 
of the proper rule in republics, where, I think, we should 
liave neither military statesmen nor political generals." 

"But Washington was both, and yet not a tyrant." 

And with a beautiful smile he said : "Washington was an 
exception to all rule, and there was none like him." 

I could find no words to answer, but instantly I said in 
thought : "Surely Washington is no longer the only excep- 
tion, for one like him, if not even greater, is here." 



Whatever may have been the exact number of soldiers in 
the aggregate, it is conceded, or rather is verified by the rec- 
ords, that the Federal army and navy combined comprised 
2,859,132 officers and soldiers, of whom 469,041 were from the 
South, two-thirds as many, anyhow, as fought for the Con- 
federacy. 

There is objection to the claim of the South that all of her 
forces did not exceed 600,000 men, but from any view point 
the figures in contrast must soften the boast of the victors. 

It was not so great a contrast in courage or endurance of 
the South, for her people had the advantage of being on the 
defensive, and that meant much ; but the explanation that 
must be accepted, and upon which the South can rest content, 
is that of principle, and "kept on fire" by patriotic women. 



CRUEL TREATMENT OF JEFFERSON DAVIS. 

When the painful sensation to the country was sprung by 
Gen. Nelson A. Miles's attempt, "after a silence of forty 
years," to iustif} his conduct for cruelty to Jefferson Davis 
when in Fortress Monroe a prisoner, it was not intended to 
make publication in the Veter.\n. The subject has been dis- 
cussed by the press throughout the country and the evidence 
has been quite fairly reviewed. It would be inconsistent, there- 
fore, for the Veter.^n to ignore this revival of one of the 
darkest events in the history of that awful period. What a 
gracious thing it w'ould have been in this high officer of the 
United States army to have expressed regret for his action 
instead of voluntarily asserting that he had "no apologies to 
offer anybody !'' 

Miles then ranked as a colonel. He was a young man, and 
lie, let us admit, was influenced by the abuse then being 
heaped upon Southern leaders, including what they so gen- 
erally styled the "Arch Traitor." It was the popular rule to 
abuse Mr. Davis beyond all others. Gen. Miles, having the 
advantage of observing and associating with genteel people 
for forty years since then, would have been expected to 
improve and to admit it. Instinctively it occurs in this con- 
nection that if he as a Democrat ( ?) and President Roose- 
velt as a Republican had each in this period of good wiil 
apologized for their treatment of the South's martyred chief 
representative it would have created a sectional millennium. 
If they had given expression in the spirit of Gen. and Presi- 
dent Grant as a farewell message to mankind of this world, 
the result would have tended to blot the last vestige of sec- 
tional animosity. There is still hope for the President, who, 
while not apologizing for his harsh and unjust reflection 
upon Mr. Davis in his life of Thomas H. Benton, is making 
amends, and that he will yet exercise his great power for 
the good of the South. Notwithstanding his comparing Mr. 
Davis with Benedict Arnold and designating him as one of 
the chief repudiators in the State of Mississippi, and before 
that, when a younger man, he had denounced Mr, Davis in 
the North American Reziiew as a traitor, which so wounded 
the patriot, who had spilt his blood for his country, that 
he wrote the author, Roosevelt, proposing to furnish data 
that would show him his error, in reply to which he is 
reputed to have written, "Mr. Theodore Roosevelt does not 
care to have any communication from Mr. Davis whatever" — 
his visit to the great World's Fair in St. Louis, having but a 
few hours in which to see the myriads of wonderful things and 
greet the hundreds of thousands of people, many of whom 
were there especially to see the President, made most sig- 
nificant the occasion of his going through the State building 
of Mississippi, reproduced as "Beauvoir," the home of Mr. 
Davis. It was evidently intended as a compliment to the 
character of Mr. Davis and to the South in general, and his 
well-worded expressions of pleasure in seeing it deserved 
only expressions of gratitude worthy the message sent by 
President Francis to Gov. 'Vardeman. Then his speech at 
the recent Lincoln Memorial meeting was received with grati- 
tude throughout the South, while inspiring hope that he will 
yet be more considerate of the absorbing issue of the South 
than had previously been expected. How gracious would it 
have been, or would it be, if a man occupying his exalted 
position could realize the blessing to himself in the con- 
fession that he had committed an error and that he regretted 
his severe reflections upon the honesty and the patriotism of 
the one man selected by the Christian South to control her 
destinies! 1 he editor of the Veter.^n Iionors President 



Confederate l/eterap. 



105 



Roo-'.evelt in many respects, and would plead with a last 
breath that he be candid in this thing. There i?; no human 
power — mental or physical — that can induce the Southern 
people to yield an iota of their loyalty to the memory of Jef- 
ferson Davis, whose character when studied closely exalts 
the student's estimate of mankind. This editor will not for- 
get personal courtesies by the President, and in his honor 
quotes a remark by him in reply to the sincere compliment 
paid hiin for ever having been industrious, although there had 
never been a necessity for it — viz., "It doesn't matter whether 
a man be a hobo or a millionaire; if he doesn't realize that 
there is something for him to do, he is to be pitied." The 
President has many friends in the South who most earnestly 
pray for the good of the nation — all the people, white and 
black — who believe him great enough to admit that he makes 
mistakes, and he can so w-ell afford to admit it candidly that 
they are hoping on and on that he will do so. 

But to return to Gen. Miles. A fair-minded, well-informed 
person who knew Miles forty years ago writes that he would 
not act now as he did then, because he has associated with 
gentlemen since then and has learned to spell and read other 
than common words; that the overseers of Southern planta- 
tions were better educated in 1865. It is an occasion of sor- 
row rather than anger that men in high position in this 
great country have not the courage and the manhood to admit 
that they have grievously erred. In this matter Gen. Miles 
iias made a pitiable attempt to defend his course. It is a 
lame excuse that he "was acting under orders" and was 
obliged to put irons on this prisoner as would be an officer 
compelled with a detail of his soldiers to shoot one of his 
comrades under condemnation by a court-martial, when, in 
fact, it is evident that Miles had sought permission to shackle 
Mr. Davis. Then he speaks of them as "light shackles." 
riicy are evidently in existence, and it is believed are among 
his "trophies." Why doesn't he exhibit them now? Every 
argument that Miles introduces in his defense recoils with 
proof that there was no excuse. He even brings to light 
anew the villainous proclamation of Andrew Johnson, acting 
President after the assassination of Mr. Lincoln, that his 
murder and the attempted murder of Secretary of State 
Seward "were incited, concocted, and planned by and between 
Jefferson Davis" and others, naming five of them, with re- 
ward for Mr. Davis of one hundred thousand dollars and 
smaller amounts for the others. And yet it lias long since 
been shown tliat not one of the persons named had the 
smallest connection with the lamentable, the awful event 
which was grievously deplored throughout the South. Miles 
might have used this to advantage in contrition. 

All questions of honor seem to have been ignored. If, '.u 
the exercise of his discretion. Col. Miles, when he saw that 
Mr. Davis was so much opposed to being manacled, had asked 
whether he would endeavor to get away, he could but have 
given ftdl credence to that promise. Then a hundred thou- 
sand honorable men and women in the Soutli would have 
pledged their lives to any promise he would have made. 
There is no greater farce conceivable than that there could 
have been any danger whatever if Mr. Davis had gotten away 
from Fortress Monroe, yet he could not possibly have done 
that had there been no guards at his cell. When he ap- 
pealed that a telegram be sent to Washington to save the 
South humiliation in having their chief representative treated 
as a common felon, of course he would have given his word 
that he would not try to escape. There was not, nor has 
there ever been, a more honorable man in the United States. 



He would quickly have sacrificed every earthly possession 
.ind his life rather than his honor. Observe his career on 
through the ordeals that followed until he laid his burdens 
down, and a record for consistency as a Christian patriot 
stands without blemish. Recall the cruelty of strong lights 
and guards with guns in his presence every minute of the time 
tor months and his meditations concerning the deprivation 
and humilialion of the people who had honored him! It was 
tlie most distressing attitude ever occupied by an American 
citizen, even before his struggle against four burly inen who 
held him as the blacksmith riveted the shackles upon his 
ankles. This treatment and his deportment united the South- 
ern people in his behalf as they had never been before, and 
that unity of sentiment has been strengtliened through all 
the intervening years, and the more ardently by those who 
knew him bfst. 

It w-as in that crisis that Jefferson Davis exhibited heroism 
and personal courage never surpassed and only to be com- 
pared with another Davis — Sam Davis, the immortal, during 
bis trial and under the shadow of the hangman's noose at 
Pulaski, Tenn., in 186.^. The indignity put upon Mr. Davis 
was so great that, as the representative of millions of people 
who had honored him as high as was possible for four years, 
he begged the guards, under such a vicious commander, to 
kill him rather than put him in chains. His thorough knowl- 
edge of the rights of man under his condition, including his 
experience as Secretary of War for the United States under 
President Buchanan, caused him to realize fully the shame of 
his treatment. 

.Ml honor to the memory of Jefferson Davis, and detesta- 
tion without anger now to the man who so brutally and so 
unjustly treated him! In the generations of the future Jef- 
ferson Davis will rise in the estimation of mankind as surely 
as that 

"Truth, cru,shed to earth, shall rise again. 
The eternal years of God are hers ; 
But error, wounded, writes with pain. 
And dies among his worshipers." 



PROMISE OF A SECTIONAL MILLENNIUM. 

There were many excellent speeches made in tribute to 
William McKinley on the recent birthday anniversary, but 
the most noted one was by a Republican Congressman from 
Chicago, Hon. Henry Sherman Boutell. In that tribute to 
the man who said the time had come when the North should 
•-liare with the South the care of the graves of Confederate 
dead Mr. Boutell paid a worthy tribute to the South. Ainong 
many other good things, he said : 

"No people were ever brought face to face with more utter 
desolation than that which confronted the men of the South 
cm their return from Appomattox. It was not alone that 
they had lost the fight; that their ranks had been sadly thuined 
hy the war; that their lands had been laid waste, their prop- 
erly confiscated or destroyed. Their whole social, industrial, 
and political fabric lay in ruins. Their task was not the hope- 
ful one of restoring an old order, but the well-nigh hopeless 
i.nc of bringing a new order out of chaos. But they set to 
work with the courage and patience that create hope and 
ilefy failure. And they have triumphed gloriously. To-day 
they are enjoying the fruits of a victory greater than was ever 
won in warfare. And we of the North rejoice with them in 
iheir prosperity; for are they not our people, bone of our bone 
and flesh of our flesh ? 

"The leaders of Southern thought in 1865 accepted the re- 



104 



Qopfederate l/eterai)e 



suits of the war, and were willing to set to work to create a 
new order of things on the ruins of the old. They should 
have been allowed to retain their natural leadership over the 
ignorant whites and blacks. The most unfortunate result of 
our miserable reconstruction policy was that it destroyed the 
influence of the old leaders, instilled into the minds of the 
blacks feelings of 'hatred, malice, and all uncharitableness' 
toward their natural and wisest guides, and arrayed tlie whites 
of all classes in solid opposition to the negroes. The fear of 
ignorant negro domination has persisted long after the danger 
of such domination has passed, working often an injustice to 
the negro and always a greater injury to the whites. 

"The amelioration of the political si;..- lion in the South is 
a problem that must for years to come tax the wisdom and 
patience of our greatest statesmen and philanthropists. Wo 
of the North have in years past made the solution of this 
problem more difficult for our Southern brethren. We now 
owe them generous sympathy and patient forbearance. Their 
task is a long one, and beset with peculiar difficulties. We 
should concede that they have done and are doing what we 
would do under similar circumstances. The solution of this 
grave and complicated problem cannot be hastened by coer- 
cion, tlireats, or abuse. 

"But whatever we of the North may do, whatever the gov- 
ernment may accomplish, the real burden of this problem rests 
on our brethren of the South. In her work of solving this 
problem the South could have no better, no firmer friend than 
President Roosevelt; for all that the South needs, besides' 
time, is a square deal, and no one knows better than the Pres- 
ident that a square deal for the South means simply intelli- 
gent sympathy from Northern men, unprejudiced, even- 
handed justice from the Federal government." 



JUDGE WALTER CLARK. 

Walter Clark (now Chief Justice of North Carolina), sou 
of Gen. David Clark and Anna M. (Thorne), his wife, was 
born in Halifax County, N. C, August 19, 1846. He was at 
the Hillsboro Military Academy, North Carolina, at the break- 
ing out of the war, and in June, 1861, then fourteen years of 
age, was appointed second lieutenant and drillmaster of the 
Twenty-Second North Carolina Regiment (Pettigrew's), and 
accompanied it to Virginia. In July, 1862, he was appointed 
first lieutenant and adjutant of the Thirty-Fifth North Caro- 
lina Regiment, commanded by Col. M. W. Ransom, later 
United States Senator. 

Adjutant Clark was then not yet sixteen. He was in the 
Maryland campaign, being slightly wounded at Sharpsburg 
in one of the bloodiest battles of the war, and was with his 
command on Marye's Heights at the first battle of Freder- 
icksburg, when his brigade (Ransom's) aided in rolling back 
successive charges of the Federal line, among them Meagher's 
famous Irish brigade. In the summer of l'863, his brigade 
having been ordered to North Carolina to recruit, he re- 
signed; and, having kept up his studies in camp, he joined the 
senior class at the North Carolina University, where he 
graduated with the first honor in his class June 2, 1864. The 
next day he was elected major of the Sixth North Carolina 
Battalion, and on July 3, 1864, he was promoted to lieutenant 
colonel of the Seventieth North Carolina Regiment (First 
Junior Reserves), being at that time seventeen years of age 
and the youngest officer of his rank in either army. 

In October, 1864, he was commandant of the post at Wil- 



liamston, the command embracing four companies of infantry, 
two of cavalry, and one of artillery, at the head of which he 
followed the enemy to Jamesville November I. He was at 
the repulse of the enemy's gunboats at Poplar Point, on the 
Roanoke River, Christinas Day, 1864. His brigade having 
been assigned to Hoke's Division, he, with his regiment, 
shared in the repulse of Schofield at Southwest Creek March 
8, 1865. At the three days' battle of Bentonville, N. C, 
March 19-21, 1865, he commanded the skirmish line of his 
brigade, and held his ground when the skirmish lines of the 
other brigades of his division were driven in on March 21. 
He surrendered with the army of Joseph E. Johnston at 
High Point, N. C, and was paroled May 2, 1865. 

He became superior court judge in 1885, and ascended the 
supreme court bench in i88g. In 1894 he was renominated by 




JUDGE WALTER CLARK. 

■\\\ three political parties, and elected unanimously. In 1902 
ne was nominated by the Democratic party for chief justice, 
and was elected for a term of eight years, beginning January 
I, 1903. In 1874 he married the only daughter of W. A. 
Graham, Governor of North Carolina, Secretary of United 
States Navy, United States, then Confederate States Senator. 

Judge Clark, now chief justice of his State, has done 
more historical work, perhaps, than any other who served 
the Confederacy. He edited the five large, handsome vol- 
umes of over three thousand pages, containing comprehensive 
histories of the many regiments and battalions of North Caro- 
lina Confederate troops. This work was published by the 
State, and is a credit to North Carolina and to tlie South. 

His distinction as a Confederate and his worthy aspiration 
to be useful to his .fellows are illustrated by his selection as 
chief justice of his patriotic State, purest of all in its Anglo- 
Sa.xon blood. 



Qoi>federate l/eteraij. 



105 



IVAR PRISON EXPERIENCES. 

BY COL. GEORGE H. MOFFETT, PARKERSBURG, W. VA. 

I think some record should be made of the experiences of 
Confederate soldiers in Federal prisons. This is especially 
true in view of the many exaggerated stories set afloat by 
Northern writers of the hardships endured at Andersonville. 
The impartial historians of the future want facts only, facts 
that have not been colored by prejudice and have not been 
<;et down in malice. The Confederate Veteran is doing a 
Kood work in making a record of actual occurrences during 
■ the War between the States, and a hundred years hence its 
files will be sought by the impartial historian as one of the 
most reliable .sources of information from the fact that it will 
give the personal experiences and testimony of men who were 
nctual participants. 

A military prison is no palace, nor is it a pleasure resort. 
This is true of all wars in all times and among all nations. 
The code of war prescribes humane treatment to prisoners, 
yet the degree of humanity may be governed by conditions. 
It is an accepted rule that the prisoner shall not be entitled 
to more consideration than the captor is able to bestow upon 
himself. And therein lies the degree of guilt in the compara- 
tive treatment of Union and Confederate prisoners. The 
Southern Confederacy was poor, its resources limited and 
rapidly diminishing, and it was shut out frotn all the rest of 
the world. It must also be borne in mind that Federal prison- 
ers in Southern prisons were not exposed to the climatic 
rigors endured by Confederate prisoners in Northern prisons. 
The Federal Govcrntnetit was rich, its resources unlimited, 
and it had all the world to draw upon. If there was an ex- 
ercise of inhumanity, the Confederate government may have 
had an excuse. The Federal government had none. 

My experience as a prisoner of war in Federal prison pens 
covered a period of eighteen months — from December 21, 1863, 
to June 20, 1865. For the first two months I was confined 
in Camp Chase, and the remainder of the time in Fort Dela- 
ware. I was captured by Gen. Averill's forces on their return 
from the Salem raid in December, 1863, and was taken across 
mountains covered with snow and ice for a distance of over 
one hundred miles to Grafton, on the B. and O. Railroad, 
from whence we were transported by raif to Columbus, Ohio. 
While wc suffered many hardships on the forced march 
across the mountains in midwinter, I had no reason to com- 
plain of the treatment received from our captors. They wer.' 
veteran soldiers who had seen a great deal of service. Con- 
sequently they were respectful in their behavior, and shared 
their scanty rations with us. Our hardships on that march 
were merely incident to the conditions of war. It was not 
until we got away from them and into prison pens that the 
regime of inhuinanity began. 

1 entered Camp Chase in the early morning of the first day 
of January, 1864, a day still remembered in that locality as 
the cold New Year. When we stepped from the cars and 
were lined up on the station platform at Columbus at about 
three o'clock in the morning, the thermometer was twenty- 
four degrees below zero and a stiff gale blowing. There were 
eighty prisoners in the bunch, and most of them scantily 
attired. The four-mile tramp across the bleak Scioto bottoms 
to Camp Chase in the face of that cutting cold wind was an 
event in our prison experience never to be forgotten. Some- 
times I wonder if the young men of this day and generation 
could endure such ordeals. When we arrived at the prison, 
it was not yet daylight ; and, as there was a standing order that 
2* 



there should be neither light nor fire in the prison between 
nine o'clock in the evening and daylight next morning, wc 
were drawn up in front of the provost marshal's office on 
the outside of the prison, and stood there in the cold nearly 
.Ml hour before being admitted to the inclosure. In the 
meantime the provost and assistants employed the time in 
taking down our names, the commands we belonged to, the 
rank of the various prisoners, etc., for entry on the prison 
register. It was not cheerful tidings when the officials in- 
formed us that two of the sentries had frozen to death on 
their posts that night. Nor was it more cheering when at the 
early light we were admitted to tlie prison inclosure and saw 
men carrying out in blankets the dead bodies of prisoners. 
While we w-ere not given positive information as to the cause 
of their death, we had our suspicions. .Xltogether it was a 
chilly New Year's reception for us. 

Camp Chase was an improvised prison, constructed hastily 
for war purposes, and yet in many respects it was the most 
comfortable of all the Northern prisons. I can testify from 
actual experience that it was far superior for the habitation 
of prisoners to Fort Delaware. It may be of interest to the 
readers of the Veteran to know something of the general 
plan and regime of Camp Chase. It was built on an open 
plain, where the winds had a fair sweep in winter and the 
sun rays an unobstructed descent in summer. The inclosure 
was a high board wall with a parapet on top, along which 
sentinels constantly paced backward and forth. Within this 
it-closure lay the prison village of rough board cabins, situated 
in rows with narrow streets between. They were single- 
room cabins, the walls built of undressed boards set up- 
right and without joints, while the floors were rough plank 
loosely laid, and a roof overhead. There were a door and a 
small window at one side. Each cabin was about fifteen feet 
square, and the furnishings were a cooking stove, in which 
wood was used for fuel, two stools, and a small rough pine 
table ; w hile at the rear the sleeping bunks in double tier were 
arranged against the wall. There was no bedding, except one 
blanket allotted to each prisoner. By adopting the triune 
fashion we had one blanket to spread on the rough boards and 
two for covering. 

The diet was plain, yet the only fault wc ever found was 
in the scarcity of it. When officials were asked to increase 
the quantity, the only reply was that they were doing the best 
ihey could for us under their instructions. It was not until 
we had been transferred to Fort Delaware that I learned in 
an authentic way that the "short ration" order had emanated 
from Washington— of which I will speak later. Rations were 
issued to us every third day, and we had to do our own cook- 
ing. We had a few cooking utensils, and each man was sup- 
plied with a tin plate, a tin cup. and an iron or pewter spoon. 
Our rations usually consisted of salt pork, with an occasional 
variation of either fresh or pickled beef, beans, and hominy. 
Once in a while, just to enjoy the novelty of a full stomach, 
we would eat up the three day.s' rations in one day, and then 
fast two. But experience taught us that that was an inju- 
dicious system, so the rule was to spread out the short ra- 
tions over the three days. 

Twenty-four men were assigned to each cabin for prison 
quarters. We divided off into relays for cooks, dishwashers, 
etc., and thus managed to keep house after our peculiar fash- 
ion. As we had neither books nor newspapers, our principal 
occupation was indulging in reminiscences of better and 
happier days. If there had been a Federal victory anywhere, 
the guards wer« £ure to let us know of it ; but we never heard 



106 



Qoijfederate l/cterai^. 



of Confederate victories, except from new prisoners who were 
lirought in from time to time. 

Prison discipline was very strict and rigidly enforced. The 
slightest infringement of prison rules often brought lamentable 
consequences. I recall a pathetic illustration of this fact. A 
fresh prisoner, who was ignorant of the rule relating to the 
extinguishment of fires and lights, was turned into the prison 
one cold morning, and, having a match in his pocket, struck 
it with the intention of kindling a fire in the stove. The 
sentinel on the parapet, who saw the light through the win- 
dow, fired immediately and killed the poor fellow. I wit- 
nessed a similar occurrence the next summer at Fort Dela- 
ware, where a young man merely threw a cup of water from 
the window, when a guard on the outside fired upon him, the 
ball passing through his neck, killing him instantly. 

The prisoners of war were not the only living things in 
Camp Chase. There were bedbugs, "graybacks," and rats- 
all innumerable. Did we eat rats? I answer affirmatively, 
and will say further that in our opinion the Chinese are right 
when they class rat meat as a delicacy. A "rat killing" was 
about the only real amusement we had. Fresh meat, regard- 
less of the species, was too much of a rarity among these 
hungry men to be discarded on account of an old prejudice. 
When properly dressed and fried in pork grease, a rat has the 
exact flavor of a squirrel. The uninitiated would never know 
the difference. 

There was a good deal of sickness in the prison during the 
w inter, principally smallpox and pneumonia ; but it is only 
just to the prison surgeons to say they performed their duties 
well, and I was told that the hospital arrangements were 
fairly good. Still the death -rate was heavy, mainly due to 
the debilitated condition of the men when stricken down 
with disease and to the rigors of the climate. 

We endeavored to buoy up our spirits with the hope of a 
speedy exchange, for we had not yet learned of the "non- 
exchange" policy adopted by the Federal government as a 
means of depleting the Southern armies. If a Northern sol- 
dier was captured, they could readily fill his place by the 
enlistment of a foreign recruit. If a Southern soldier was 
taken prisoner and held, he was as good as dead, for there 
was no one to fill his place in the field. It may have been an 
effective policy ; nevertheless it was barbarous. 

Instead of an exchange, there came a transfer from bad to 
worse. Early in March there were rumors that John Morgan 
was out on another raid, and was expected to make a dash 
to release the prisoners at Camp Chase. Hence there was a 
cleaning out of the prison. A part of the prisoners were 
shipped to John.son's Island, while lb" remainder of us, about 
five hundred in number, were transf'^.red to Fort Delaware. 
One day we were marched over to Columbus, where we were 
placed in box cars and shipped to Pittsburg. At that point 
we were transferred from the box cars to old passenger 
coaches on the Pennsylvania road and forwarded to Phila- 
delphia, and from that place transported by steamer down the 
Delaware River to our future prison. Nothing of note oc- 
curred in transit, except that from Pittsburg to Philadelphia 
I occupied a seat with a fellow-prisoner named McGowan, of 
East Tennessee, who was a very sick man, and required all 
the attention I could give him. There was no place for him 
to lie down, so I had to make a pillow of my shoulder, and 
he reclined there all night. When daylight came I was horror- 
struck to find him thickly broken out with smallpox, and he 
died soon after reaching Fort Delaware. I had been exposed 
nwrp or less in this dreaded disease during my stay at Camp 



Chase, but had relied upon a successful vaccination in my 
childhood to make me immune. But this was to be the crucial 
test, for he had lain with his face touching mine, and all the 
night I had breathed the contagious poison in that over- 
heated car. Naturally, I watched the "nine-day" limit with 
anxiety, and sure enough I awoke in the night of the eighth 
day with the unmistakable symptoms. The next morning I 
asked my bunkmates not to report my case to the prison sur- 
geon unless it became absolutely necessary, as I had a horror 
of pesthouses. They respected my wishes, and, while the 
attack was comparatively light, I got through it without taking 
a drop of medicine or having seen a doctor. 

Fort Delaware is situated at the head of Delaware Bay, 
about fifty miles below Philadelphia, and commands the 
entrance to the harbor of that city. It is a strong fortress, 
built of stone, manned with heavy artillery, and is said to 
have been built many years ago under the direct supervision 
of Gen. James Longstreet, who was at that time a lieutenant 
of engineers in the regular army. It stands about the center 
of the stream on a piece of land containing about ninety acres, 
known as Pea Patch Island, and there is an equal distance of 
water on one side to the Delaware shore and on the other 
side to the New Jersey shore, being a stretch of about two 
miles to the nearest land. The fort proper was not used for 
prison purposes except in exceptional cases, when some unfor- 
tunate prisoner was sentenced to solitary confinement. The 
prison barracks were at the south end of the little island, on 
a low piece of ground immediately under the guns of the 
fort. The prison buildings looked like long cow sheds, with 
narrow spaces between the rows, and these narrow, open 
spaces were our only exercise ground. Each building, or 
"cow shed," was about three hundred feet long, divided into 
compartments by board partitions, and each compartment, or 
division, was occupied by four hundred prisoners. There were 
eight or ten rows of these "cow sheds," and each row divided 
into four compartments. Each division was named after the 
State from which the occupants hailed ; for instance, there 
were four Virginia divisions, a Louisiana division, two Ten- 
nessee divisions, etc., and each division under the immediate 
charge of a sergeant or corporal, who was subordinate to 
the commissioned officers in charge of the whole barracks. 
There was also a partition wall separating the officers' bar- 
racks from the quarters of the privates and noncommissioned 
officers, and no communication allowed between them. The 
whole was surrounded by a high plank wall with parapets on 
top for the sentinel guards, while another line of guards sur- 
rounded the inclosure, and still a third detachment of guards 
were on constant duty inside the prison inclosure. 

Ii.jide the barracks was a triple tier of sleeping bunks on 
c.-"-h side, lengthwise thereof, with a narrow aisle between 
tl;c rows of bunks. In this aisle were two small coal stoves, 
o::e near each end, and these furnished the only warmth in 
that open, barnlike structure for a division containing foui 
hundred men. They seemed to have acted upon Col. Sel- 
lers's idea — that all that was needed for warmth was the 
appearance of heat. The buildings were of the type I have 
described at Camp Chase, only more barnlike in appearance, 
cheaply constructed of rough boards set upright without 
ioints, giving free ingress to the cold winds through innumer- 
able cracks and crevices. They were cold in winter and hot 
in summer. The one-blanket-to-the-man rule was enforced 
here, as at Camp Chase, with this difference: at Camp Chase, 
if a man had an overcoat, he was .illowed to retain it ; at Fort, 
Delaware it \(as taken from him. 



Qopfederate l/eterai>. 



107 



After our arrival at Furt Delaware it did not take us long 
to realize that we had indeed come froin bad to worse. The 
conditions at Camp Chase were bad ei- ugh, but infinitely 
worse at Fort Delaware. The latter, on account of its un- 
healthy location, had been condemned by a competent military 
tribunal as unfit for prison uses, yet the Federal government 
continued to use it for prison purposes until the close of the 
war. But to our mind the main difference was in the char- 
acter of treatment received by the prisoners, and this was 
probably due to the difference in the temperament of the 
commanding officer. At Camp Chase the commander, Col. 
Webber, was a soldier with gentlemanly instincts, and, al- 
though hampered by instructions from the War Department. 
1 have always believed he did the best for us that he could 
under hij instructions. At Fort Delaware the commanding 
officer was of a different type. He was a Hessian brute. 

If these minute details as to prison buildings and condi- 
tions have been wearisome, I will say by way of apology that 
I have given them for a double purpose : First, that the 
reader may have an intelligent understanding of our environ- 
ments; secondly, inasmuch as the old prison buildings have 
all been removed, and the ground since adorned and beauti- 
fied, the visitor to Fort Delaware to-day. without the aid of 
these records, could hardly realize that upon this fair spot 
of land could have been enacted the horrible cruelties which 
I am about to relate, or that in those days the most tender 
appellation the prisoners could apply to that spot of ground 
was to call it "J-fell's Half Acre."' 

T have said the discipline at Camp Chase was strict, and 
strictly enforced. At Fort Delaware the discipline was brutal, 
and brutally enforced For the slightest infraction of disci- 
pline, and sometimes without any cause, except from the 
malicious whim or caprice of a guard or officer, the most 
humiliating punishments were inflicted, usually accompanied 
by the severest torture. A common form of punishment was 
to "buck and gag" the victim. This was done by placing a 
.cag in his mouth, then pinioning his arms behind him and 
running a stick through between the elbows and back In this 
helpless condition the prisoner was thrown to the ground and 
left to lie there a whole day exposed to the broiling sun or 
In the chill of a wintry atmosphere, according to the season 
But their most popular penal system was to hang up the 
victim by the thumbs — or "thumb-hanging." as it was tech- 
nically known. In the passway between the mess hall and 
kitchen a munbcr of swings were suspended, such as you see 
in the ordinary gynuiasium. To these swings was a cord and 
pulley attachment. The process was to loop the cord over 
the two thumbs, and then with the use of the pulley to draw 
up the victim until his toes barely touched the earth. In this 
agonizing strain he would he suspended for hours. This was 
a daily occurrence, and I have seen six or eight "thumb- 
hangers" suspended at a time. Their fcllow'-prisoners were 
unable to relieve their torture or even speak a word of sym- 
pathy, for a guard stood by to .shoot any one vi-ho interfered 
in their behalf. I was told by those who had undergone the 
punishment that the agony was inexpressible. There were 
numerous instances of di.slocated shoulders and joints, thumbs 
would l)e cut to the bone by the tight cords, and in some 
cases mortification would set in and the thumbs would have 
to be amputated. 

There were other modes of punishment, but the variety 
was so great and the victims so numerous that if I undertook 
to tell all it would fill volumes. Yet there was one instance 
in which the ludicrous was so rloscly allied lo the pathetic 



that I catuiot refrain from making mention of it. Occasionally 
a bunch of prisoners would be taken out to do menial service 
on the island or around the fort. While this in a way was 
humiliating, yet there was always some glad enough to avail of 
this opportunity for an "outing" and to breathe an atmosphere 
beyond prison walls. One day a batch of prisoners was taken 
out to assist in unloading a steamer lying at the wharf ami 
to carry the cargo of commissary supplies into the fort. In 
this batch was a bright-faced, curly-haired boy of about 
eighteen years of age. whose home, as I remember, was down 
about Lynchburg, Va.. and who had been captured at Spott- 
sylvania. When he got to the wharf, he was loaded up with an 
armful of bacon hams to carry into the fort. As ke traversed 
the steep ascent leading to the fortress, pressed by the urgency 
of hunger, he dug out with his thinnb and fingers little scraps 
of bacon, which he ate He was detected by a guard, who 
reported him to the officer in charge, and the sentence for 
this petty ofTense on the part of the starving lad was that he 
should be given one of the raw hams and be compelled to 
pace a sentinel's heat, under charge of successive sentinels, 
until he had eaten the whole of it. There was to be no rest, 
no stop, no relaxation until all of the ham had been devoured. 
The boy performed his task bravely, for under the surveillance 
of an armed guard be tramped along that beat the remainder 
of the day, through the night, and into the next day. gnawing 
away at the raw ham until nothing was left but the bone 
It is uimecessary to add that the cruelty of this method of 
punishment was as fantastic as it was fatal. 

I will not stop to relate the multiplicity of hnmiliations 
and cruelties inflicted by that demon censor of the prison. 
nicknamed "Old Ilackout." who hobbled in and out at all 
times of the day and night, carrying a big club which he 
wielded right and left, hitting anybody or everybody who might 
be in his reach. During the summer months it was a custom 
to march the prisoners into a little triangular space lying 
between the hay and the pri.son barracks, when they were 
herded like sheep in the market while the officers were search- 
ing the vacant barracks for contraband articles. Search day, 
as it was known, was always announced by the prison censor 
hobbling in and crying out in a loud voice : "Hack out ! hack 
out I" It was thus he acquired his nickname. 

I come now to the iriost mournful part of my story and the 
most tragical. Taking all the circumstances into considera- 
tion, to my mind it has never had a parallel in fiendish atrocity 
1 refer to their system of killing prisoners of war by a process 
of slow starvation. Upon entering the prison inclosure at 
Fort Delaware one of the first sights that greeted my eyes 
was a posted order, or bulletin, emanating from the War 
Department at Washington, After this lapse of time I will 
not undertake to recite the exact words of that remarkable 
order, but I do undertake to give its e.xact substance. I read 
it, then reread it again and again until its contents so blistered 
themselves upon my memory that the scars are still legible 
Hence, there can be no mistake in my recollection of it. It 
began by reciting that it was "a retaliatory measure" in re- 
taliation for hardships imposed upon Union soldiers confined 
in Rebel prisons, and then proceeded with instructions to 
commanders of Federal prison posts to reduce the diet of 
Rebel prisoners under their charge to one-fourth of the regu- 
lation allowance for army rations, and to allow no luxuries 
nor permit surplus comforts. The order was signed "E. M. 
Stanton. Secretary of War." and was attested by "A. Schoepf, 
Brigadier General Commanding" and by "G W Ahl, As- 
sistant .\diutant General." 



108 



(Confederate l/eterap. 



When I first read it, I could scarcely believe my own eyes. 
Was it possible that there was a civilized government on earth 
willing to place itself on record in practicing such an enor- 
mous barbarity? But there it was in legible characters posted 
up against the outside wall of the mess hall, near the entrance, 
in full view of all who cared to stop and read it. Probably 
the original of that order may be found to-day buried some- 
where beneath the musty files of the War Department unless, 
l)0ssibly, some one merciful to civilization had the goodness 
of heart to destroy it. Yet it is a singular fact that in all 
the war histories I have read — and I have read man}' — I have 
seen no reference to it. Nor have I been able to find it in 
examination of the so-called "War Records'' issued by the 
government. Perhaps it is better that it should have been 
I'.uried with its author. 

The following relation of actual facts will show how cor- 
dially the commander at Fort Delaware accepted the mandate 
of this order in the spirit which actuated it. The system of 
issuing rations at Fort Delaware differed from the custom at 
Camp Chase, in that they were cooked when issued. There 
was a large mess hall with narrow tables, only one plank 
wide, extending in rows from one end of the hall to the 
other. There were no dishes, not even a tin plate or pewter 
spoon. A ration for each man was placed on the table, and 
these rations about a foot apart. The prisoners were marched 
in by divisions, entering the hall by a door at one end of the 
hall and making their exit by another door at the other end. 
When a division of men entered the hall they were lined 
up by one of the tables, when each man picked up the ration 
assigned him ; then they filed out of the other door and back 
to their barracks. Division after division was served in this 
way at each meal. 

There were only two meals a day— breakfast and dinner, 
so-called. The breakfast was served from eight to nine o'clock 
and dinner from two to three. There was no supper. To 
show how literally the "no-luxury" part of the order was ful- 
filled, I will say that during my confinement of over fifteen 
months in Fort Delaware not a drop of coffee was served to 
the prisoners, nor did we even smell coffee. But it was not 
so much from the denial of luxuries as from the scantiness 
of the food served that we suffered. Here is the bill of fare 
for each and every day : Our breakfast consisted solely of one 
slice of bread and one small slice of meat, making in quantity 
and substance about a five-cent sandwich, such as can or- 
dinarily be had at a cheap restaurant. No more, but liable 
at times to be less and without any liquid to wash it down 
except the green, brackish water we drew from the old tank 
in the prison yard, which furnished our sole water supply. 
The only variation in this breakfast fare was the occasional 
substitution of three small army crackers, or "hard-tack," for 
the slice of bread, and sometimes the little slice of meat was 
omitted so as to make it a dry morsel of bread or three little 
"hard-tacks," as the case might be. The dinner was an exact 
duplication of the breakfast, with the addition of about a 
pint of what they called soup — in reality the water in which 
the meats had been cooked — with a few beans or a little rice 
stirred in. These two feeds, miscalled meals, constituted our 
total daily supply. 

There was just enough to keep the appetite whetted without 
satisfying it, causing a gradual lowering of vitality, an ever- 
increasing hunger — in short, a protracted starvation. It is a 
horribly excruciating form of suffering to be hungry, hungry, 
hungry all the time— just enough food to sharpen the appetite, 
but never enough to satisfy that everlasting gnawing sensa- 



tion at the stomach. When a person dies of starvation caused 
from a total lack of food, there is a shorter limit to the suf- 
fering. But here the starvation process was long drawn out, 
all the more agonizing because of its protracted duration. We 
were hungry all the time, and the little food we got made us 
still more hungry. The slice of bread and the slice of meat 
were gulped down with a longing for more. But that was the 
limit to the supply, and as the days rolled by into weeks 
and the weeks into months there was no cessation of that per- 
petual gnawing sensation, unless death or sickness intervened 
to relieve the torture. As the vitality lowered from insuf- 
ficiency of food and the consequent nerve exhaustion the 
brain sympathized with the empty stomach, until this hunger 
became a mania. It filled our thoughts by day and our 
dreams by night. Men would sit around in groups, indulging 
in reminiscences of bygone days when they had plenty of 
good eating. One remembered a Christmas dinner when the 
table groaned with good' things; another recalled a certain 
wedding feast ; still another would tell of the big peach cob- 
blers and apple dumplings hi.s mother made; and so the talk 
went the rounds, until the big-hearted Scotchman, McAlpin, 
would bring an end to these reminiscences with the remark . 
"What is the use of talking about all those things now, when 
1 would be perfectly content to be my dog at home eating 
from the slop pail ?" Then at night there would be dreams 
of roast turkey, plum puddings, of fruits clustering in the 
arbors, of strawberries growing wild; but just as the hand 
was reached forth to seize the tempting viands the dream 
vanished. The prisoner would turn over on his hard bunk 
to dream it over again. And this, too, in a land of plenty ! 

And, as if to intensify the tantalization of the situation, of- 
ficers and guards would frequently come into the prison in- 
closure eating fruits, apples, or oranges, and then scatter 
the peelings around to see the famished prisoners scuffle for 
them. A favorite form of this malicious tantalizing process 
was to come in with a large slice of watermelon and eat it 
in the presence of the hungry prisoners. All eyes were riveted 
upon the luscious melon, jaws would drop and mouths water, 
lint all they could get were the scattered fragments of the 
rind thrown out to them like bones to dogs. 

Out of the hundreds and thousands of such instances, I will 
cite only one for example. There was Bob Rankhi. He 
was one of those good boys who never had an evil thought 
I had known Bob back in the halcyon days of childhood. 
We had played together, had hunted together, had been in 
the war together, were captured together, and up to this time 
had shared our prison privations together. I had known 
Bob's father, a fine type of the sterling Virginia farmer, a 
man of good breeding and dignified manners. I knew his 
mother to be a tender, loving, and lovable Christian woman. 
Possibly at that very moment these two old people, away 
down in their Virginia home, as they looked into each other's 
eyes, each saw in the expression the same anxious inquiry : 
"Where is our boy to-day? Does he still live?" There was 
Bob before me just out there in the prison yard, that nar- 
row space between the "cow sheds" I have spoken of as our 
rinly exercise ground. There had been a heavy rain the night 
before, and the mud was nearly ankle deep. As Bob sauntered 
along slowly, barely dragging one leg after tlie other, there 
was a lean and hungry look on his face. The few clothes 
he had on were in tatters, and he was barefooted. Suddenly 
Ihe toe struck something that was quickly prized up through 
the mud. Upon the discovery that it was something to eat, 
I saw the look of delight that flashec| ^gross Bob's face as he 



C^oi>federate l/eterai>. 



109 



grabbed for it. It was a great big piece of watermelon rind. 
Without scarcely taking time to brush the mud away he 
fell to devouring it, and gulp after gulp it went down, until 
all had disappeared. A few days later Bob was taking his 
long sleep over in the bogs and quagmires of New Jersey. 
I missed him, yet somehow 1 derived a melancholy sort of 
comfort from the thouglit that Bob had died willi a full 
stomach. 

The cruelty in all this was that it should have occurred 
in a land teeming with abundance. As we looked out through 
our little pigeonhole windows across the bay to the Dela- 
ware side we could see golden fields of wheat waving in the 
sunlight, the corn in the ear, orchards laden with fruit, and 
cattle grazing in the green pastures. We knew that all the 
markets of the world were open to these people. Yet in the 
midst of plenty they denied to these helpless prisoners suf- 
ficient food to appease the pangs of hunger. .\nd thus w'e 
reasoned that their cruelty was willful and deliberate. 

Is it a wonder that at times the heart rebelled"' But not 
I'nr long, because above everything else we had a solemn 
realization that in God was our only trust. Still, death was 
a relief to those who could die. I did not pray to die, but 
I did ask that my appetite be taken away or for anything to 
lessen the torturing pangs of slow starvation. .And in good 
time my request was granted. 

The summer was very hot ; and the heat, together with the 
bad water and foul atmosphere, multiplied sickness. It was 
the latter part of July when I was stricken down and carried 
out in a blanket to the hospital, where I spent the first night 
on the floor, because there was no vacant cot. in an establish- 
ment which had accommodations for over eight hundred pa- 
tients. The nurse was kind enough to tell me that there 
would be plenty of vacant cots by morning, and I understood 
the significance of the remark. It was amply verified, and 
above the cot on which I was placed the next morning there 
still remained the card containing the name of the patient 
who had died during the night. I wondered if 1 was soon 
lo follow him down into the "dead house" in the basement 
of the hospital building, where the dead w'ere deposited each 
day and night to be taken out the next morning for burial 
'ver in New Jersey (where the prison cemetery was located). 
In tidiness and general cleanliness, the hospital was in pleas- 
ant contrast to the old barracks where I had lodged so long. 
Notwithstanding its overcrowded condition, the nurses were 
attentive in their ministrations, and a surgeon visited each 
ward twice a day. The medical department was the one re- 
deeming feature of the prison. While the hospital diet was 
light, as a matter of course, consisting of milk, broths, toast, 
and jellies, yet it was daintily prepared and served. To my 
mind it was the one bright spot in a long line of darkness. 
The only inconvenience was from crowding the cots closely 
Ingcther in order to meet the urgent demands for hospital 
acconnnodation, and even then sick men died in the barracks 
because there was no room for them in the hospital. 

The mortality was excessive Two of my bunkmates had 
been brought into the hospital just the day before, all of u.-- 
stricken with the same malady, yet before the end of the 
week both of them had died. In reply to an inquiry as to the 
<leath rate in the hospital, the steward told me that for the 
months of June and July it averaged over seventy deaths per 
day. I believed him, for I had the ocular demonstration. 
Each morning at an early hour carts would rattle up to the 
"dead house" just underneath our ward and would haul the 
dead to the wharf, where they were placed on a little steamer 



and ferried over to the Jersey shore for burial. I recall one 
morning when by actual count seventy-two pine coffins con- 
taining dead bodies were loaded into the carts and taken 
away. 

My hospital sojourn gave a good opportunity to study 
death in its many varied forins, until the death rattle became 
the most familiar sound. Men were dying all around me 
every day and every night, and almost every hour of the day 
or night. Some died in delirium, while other passed away as 
if falling into gentle slumber. But whether in delirium or 
calm repose, usually the last words were of home and of the 
dear folks down there. From out of the multitude of pathetic 
deathbed scenes I recall one which impressed me with its 
psychological features. Do the dying have a presentiment of 
the exact time when the soul will quit the body? He was a 
young Mississippian who occupied a cot in close proximity 
lo my own, with whom I often conversed. He seemed to be 
enamored with the idea that an exchange of prisoners was 
to take place soon, and usually it was the theme of his con- 
versation. He detailed to me many plans he had in mind of 
what he was going to do when he got back to Dixie. One 
afternoon I observed that he was unusually restless, tossing 
from one side to the other, until the bedding w-as all disar- 
ranged. It was during the period of my convalescence, and 
twice 1 got up and arranged his sheets and smoothed down 
the pillows for him. The last time I performed this service 
he asked the time of day. Looking out of the window to the 
sun, I replied that it lacked about two hours of sunset. Then 
he remarked: "Well, I have just two hours longer to be 
with yon." I asked him what he meant by that remark 
In a perfectly composed tone he replied: "I shall go out just 
as the sun goes down." I was lying on my cot about two 
hours later when I heard the boom of the sunset gun fired 
from the fort. Instinctively my gaze turned toward the 
young Mississippian. I saw the eyelids closing slowly as if 
into quiet sleep, but he had ceased to breathe. The prisoner 
of war had at last been exchanged. 

Before 1 had fully recovered, but sufficiently convalesced to 
walk without assistance, I went back into the barracks, in 
order to make room in the hospital for some poor sufferer 
who needed medical attention niore than I did. Upon my 
return to the barracks I found, to my inexpressible joy, that 
my appetite was gone. God had been good to me. It is a 
singular fact that the walls of the stomach seemed to have 
contracted lo fit the "one-fourth" ration. It is true I con- 
tinued lo be weak and debilitated. I had shriveled and 
shrunken into a walking skeleton, yet the hunger pains were 
gone. Nor did they ever return in the excruciating form I 
have hitherto described. ' 

The summer ripened into autunm, the autumn passed into 
another winter — so cold, cheerless, and desolate — tlie spring- 
time came again, and w'ith it tidings of the fall of the Con- 
federacy. But it was not until in the early summer an order 
came for the release of all prisoners of war. 

On the morning of the 2oth of June, 1865, I was called out 
to the provost's otfice to subscribe to my "amnesty," and 
when this was performed I was told that I was again a free 
man. Strange as it may seem to the reader, the announcement 
of our release excited no enthusiasm among the freed prison- 
ers. Possibly our long and miserable confinement had made 
us callous to events. All the buoyancy of youth was gone. 
At sixteen years of age 1 had quitted college to go into the 
war, and had just recently passed my twentieth birthday when 
released from Fort Delaware. I felt that the best period of 



110 



Confederate l/eterai>. 



iriy vnuig inanhond had 1>lcii a \\astcd existence. 1 hen again, 
we were men without a country. Our storm-cradled nation, 
once challenging the gaze of the world, had fallen to rise no 
more. With that feeling of heing aliens in a strange land, it 
is no wonder that our heartstrings were tuneless now or 
that our liome-going should have been shadowed by solemn 
reflections. 

Within two hours from my release we were on a vessel 
steaming up the Delaware to Wilmington, where we took a 
train for Baltimore, to be again transferred to an old trans- 
port vessel which carried us down the Chesapeake to Fortress 
Monroe. Then another transfer to a smaller steamer, which 
took us up the James River, landing us at Richmond in the 
afternoon of the third day. 

Back again in Dixie Land ? But O how changed, and how 
different from what we had dreamed or hoped ! It was a 
land of ruins. Yet in its desolation the dear old land seemed 
dearer to us than in the days of prosperity. 

"Dear old Southland ! 
Much have we loved her in her glorious past. 
Our lingering breath shall bless her to the last; 
Though all her suns be sunk and all her stars be set. 
And storm and darkness reign, we love her yet." 



Col. Moffett, the author of the foregoing remarkable story, 
penned it evidently in sorrow rather than in anger. It is a 
record clear as sunlight, and it should be preserved. 



LEE CAMP DINNER BY NEW YORK CAMP. 

The fifteenth annual dinner of the Confederate Veteran 
Camp, of New York, in honor of Gen. R. E. Lee, was held in 
the large banquet hall of the Waldorf-Astoria January 25. 

This annual entertainment, having become the great social 
event of the Southerners in New York, was as usual largely 
attended. Several hundred ladies and gentlemen dined at 
tables, and the boxes were filled with others. The guests and 
members occupied two hundred and eleven of the two hundred 
and twenty-eight tables in the great dining room. 

Prior to the formal proceedings Commander Owen pro- 
posed a toast to the health of Mrs. Davis and to the memory 
of Jefferson Davis, which was drunk standing. 

Of the announced toasts, the first was to "The President 
and the Army and Navy of the United States. As Aaron 
and Hur upheld the hands of Moses, so do the army and navy 
uphold the President." Another was to the memory of Robert 
E. Lee. Gov. A. J. Montague, of Virginia, spoke of "Lee as 
a Citizen," and Hon. A. C. Braxton, of Virginia, made an 
address upon the soldiers of the Confederacy, whose valor no 
geographical lines can circumscribe. Of the music, "Auld 
Lang Syne," "Bold Soldier Boy," "A Hot Time in the Old 
Town," and "My Virginia Sweetheart" were enjoyed. 
' Maj. Edward Owen was the originator of these annual din- 
ners, with ladies present dining with the gentlemen. The first 
one was held at the Windsor Hotel in January, 1899. Since 
then they have been held at the Waldorf-Astoria, and are now 
recognized as one of the greatest social events of the city. 

Th Camp has made great progress under Maj. Owen as 
Commander. In 1897 and 1898 it numbered about one hun- 
dred and fifty members ; now there are nearly four hundred 
members. 

At the eight anual dinner, in January, 1898, Maj. Owen 
was presented with a handsome repeater watch as a token 
of the appreciation of the Camp for the great service he had 



rendered, and at the twelfth annual dmucr, at the Waldorf- 
Astoria, lie was presented a beautiful gold, diamond-studded 
commander's badge. This last presentation was a special 
compliment, in addition to the past commander's badge, and 
in recognition of his service in the advancement of the Camp. 
The New York Camp was organized in 1890. The origi- 
nators were Rev. W. W. Page, John F. Black, W. S. Keiley, 
J. R. McNulty, Joe H. Stewart, S. W. Jones, and Edward 
Owen. Maj. Owen was originally Paymaster and Secretary 
of the Executive Committee from that time until chosen com- 
mander, and in both offices he worked diligently for the 
interests of the Camp. In many engrossed resolutions of the 
Camp he has been honored. Prior to 1898 he declined the 
position of commander, but that year he accepted, and he has 
been reelected commander unanimously each year since. 



CORRECTION OF ERRORS BY CORRESPONDENTS. 

BY JAMES BEESON, HYTOPj ALA. 

I see several mistakes in accounts of battles and troops in 
the Veteran of late, and, as I presume it is your purpose to 
give facts for future historians, I ask space for corrections. 
One account of the Tennessee troops says that there were 
but three regiments from that State in the Army of Northern 
Virginia — the First, Third, and Seventeenth. There may not 
have been any but those three that remained there through 
the war, but I know that the Second, commanded by Col. 
Savage, was in Virginia in 1861 and on the battlefield of 
Manassas July 21. 

I served in Company H, First Arkansas Regiment, from the 
beginning until July 12, 1864, when I was wounded through 
the right foot and rendered unable for field duty. The Second 
Tennessee was in the same brigade (Holms's, of Beauregard's 
Division) in Virginia and also with us the war through. 
Both regiments were transferred to the Army of Tennessee 
after the fall of Fort Donelson, and organized with that army 
just before the battle of Shiloh. We served in Walker's 
Brigade, Anderson's Division, through the Kentucky cam- 
paign and until the reorganization at Eagleville just before 
the battle of Murfreesboro. After that we served in L. E. 
Polk's Brigade, Cleburne's Division, until the end, and the 
Second Tennessee was with us all the time. 

Another writer says that thirty-three thousand Confeder- 
ates defeated twenty-eight thousand Federals at Manassas on 
July 21, 1861. I am not prepared to dispute this statement, 
not knowing the numbers actually engaged on either side; 
but I should like to know where the other forty-seven thou- 
sand of McDowell's army were while that engagement was 
going on. The Confederates probably had thirty-three thou- 
sand on the field, and the combined forces of Beauregard and 
Johnston were between thirty-five and forty thousand; but 
the entire forces of an army are hardly ever engaged. But 
it is improbable that but little more than one-third of Mc- 
Dowell's "Army of the Potomac" were engaged in that battle. 

Another writer speaks of Liddell's Division at Chickamauga, 
Cleburne's Division was composed of four brigades, Polk's, 
Granbury's, Liddell's, and Lowry's. Gen. Cleburne was in 
command of his division there. I personally saw him when we 
formed for the night battle Saturday about sunset and twice 
on Sunday after the battle opened. 



Please don't fail to send a list of such persons as you think 
would appreciate copies of the Veteran and who might desire 
to subscribe for it. Send also addresses of Veterans who 
can't pay for it. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



HI 



SiLKfANTS IN FRJSOX. 
Capt. A. O. P. Nicholson, Columbia, Tenn., writes of two: 
"In the interesting article of De Gourney"s Battalion o: 
Artillery in the January Veteran the writer speaks of Capt. 
Hewett's servant as 'Bill.' His name was Dick, and he was 
faithful and loyal to Iiis master to the end. The Federal 
officers at Johnson's Island oflfered all kinds of inducements 
to get Dick to leave Capt. Hewett and take service with 
them, but he stoutly declined, preferring to remain in prison 
and share the hardships with his master. They refused to 
issue him any rations, but each of us divided our own meager 
supply, which gave him a portion equal to ours. Dick was 
exchanged with his master only a short time before the sur- 
render, and Capt. He\Vett died soon after reaching Dixie. 

"There was another faithful slave in Johnson's Island 
named John, who belonged to Capt. J. R. Wilson, now living 
in Florence, Ala. He also went through the hardships of 
prison with his master rather than accept his freedom ami 
remunerative service from the Federals. John went out on 
exchange with his master, and lived for some years .'i...r the 
w'ar, until Iiis death, on the plantation of Capt. Wilson, in 
Mississippi. It is needless to say that John never wanted for 
auything his master could supply. 

"How Men Were Crowded in Prison. 

"In my room, a space 10x12 in Block 2, room No. 10, were 
Lieut. Col. J. O. Nixon, New Orleans, La., and Capt. J. P. 
Mumford, Bayou Sara, La., of the First Louisiana Cavalry; 
Lieut. Col. C. S. Robertson, Bolivar, Tenn., and Maj. H. 
C. Bate, Gallatin, Tenn., of the First Confederate Cavalry ; 
Capt. R. M. Hcwctt and his servant Dick, of Mile's Legion, 
New Orleans ; Lieut. Harry Grimshaw, Seventh Louisiana 
Infantry; Lieut. William Minor, of Houma, La.; Lieut. F. 
B. Connor, of Natchez, Miss., aid-de-camp to Gen. W. T. 
Martin; and Capt. George Ralston, Withcrs's Artillery, 
Natchez, Miss. 

"Of all these noble fellows, with whom I spent about two 
years, I don't know of any living, save Maj. Bate, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and myself. If there are any others, I should be 
siad to hear from them." 



HOlf SOME HISTORY IS WRITTEN. 

BV J. W. MINNICH. 

The old saying is true that "no matter how many may 
witness an event," no two will see it exactly alike. In the 
December, 1903, number of the Veteran "J. D. J." describes 
the peril. >us ride of Lieut. Joe Davis mar Knoxville. It was 
certainly a nervy thing to do "within thirty yards of their 
guns" (?), or even a hundred, which was more probable; 
but it is inconceivable how any one could ride along a whole 
or even a half brigade front and have them all turn loose at 
him at thirty yards and yet not bring down either man or 
horse. I don't intend to dispute either J. D. J.'s assertion 
or his figures; it is on another point. He says that Lieut. 
Davis's escort was "the only cavalry with Longstreet." Now 
he is clearly in error there. My brigade, the First Brigade 
nf Georgia Cavalry, crossed the pontoon below Loudon, di- 
rectly behind Longstreet's advance guard, and took the lead, 
pushing back the Federals on the Knoxville and Kingston 
road, until they made a stand at the junction of this road 
with the road to Loudon, along which Burnside was retiring 
and fully an hour in advance of him. There was only a 
small body of troops opposed to us, but we did not know 
how many of Burnside's infantry were supporting them. In 



fact, we did not knou that we were an hour or more ahead of 
his main body and not more than five hundred yards from 
the Loudon road. 

Our battery was planted to the left of the Kingston road. 
Burnside was in a hurry to reach his fortifications around 
Knoxville, but he was not running by any means. His main 
body passed within five hundred yards of us, but ignored us 
entirely. On their appearance on our right in the open fields, 
we backed down the road about a quarter of a mile and let 
them pass. But that and the artillery duel which followed is 
another story. Next day we followed on Bnrnside"s heels 
(being careful, however, not to blister them by our kicks), 
and conducted him safely into his works. I don't know where 
J. D. J. was tliat he did not see or hear of us, as at what, I 
believe, is now called "Campbell's Station" (though we called 
it "Concord Station") we made noise enough the first day 
to be heard at either Loudon or Knoxville. 

J. D. J. has forgotten some things, as we all forget more 
or less, a fact w-e should bear well in mind when writing for 
posterity. Now I have not quite forgotten that I saw a few- 
horsemen, not of our brigade, off to our right toward the 
river. We supposed they belonged to some other cavalry 
corps. Perhaps they were part of the squad J. D. J. men- 
tions. I have a very vivid remembrance of our arrival within 
sight of the town, about a mile or more distant. 

Longstreet's main body of infantry and artillery had 
moved up the direct road to the town, while we had moved 
on the left flank by the road which led past the town to 
Blain's Cross Roads on up the valley and branched off to 
the left around the base of Clinch Mountain to Cumberland 
Gap. The Federals had not yet retired within the works. 
A considerable body occupied a piece of woods to the right 
of the road at the foot of the rising ground to the town, and 
as .soon as we came within range tlieir skirmishers opened 011 
us. To our right was a plowed field : beyond it a point of 
woods, in which part of Longstreet's infantry were in line. 
I was sent over there with a dispatch, and as soon as 1 
started across the field the whole shooting match in the edge 
of the woods turned loose at me, and kept it up until I 
reached the shelter of the brush. I pride myself on having 
accomplished the feat and my mission heroically (?). The 
risks I was subject to were great (?). the ground was soft 
from recent plowing and rains, and my nag's best efforts 
could not equal Dan Patch's. And the distance too was just 
about as far as a Springfield could throw a bullet, say nine 
hundred yards. 'Twas awful (?). And that is true history 

Ike Da\-enport Din Not Capture the Morse. — Rev I. S 
Davenport, of Rockwall, Tex., says : "I wish to correct a 
statement made by my good friend and fellow-soldier, E. P 
Anderson, in the January Veteran concerning my capture 01 
a Federal officer's horse. (See page 35.) From Comrade 
Anderson's understanding his statement is true, as I told 
him when a somewhat reckless and unreliable boy soldier 
The truth is that after an absence from the command with 
leave I returned with the horse he mentioned, and when 
asked how I came by it, with a boy's love to be admired told 
the story as Capt. Anderson wrote it to the Veteran. It is 
humiliating to make this statement, but I do not wish to go 
on record for a deed I never performed. For nearly thirty 
years I've been preaching truth and righteousness, and try to 
practice what T preach. I hope I made a good soldier, and 
I also hope your readers will be charitable and not judge 
the mail of to-day by the reckless and unreliable boy of the 
days of the great war." 



112 



QoQfederati^ l/eterap 



AUGUSTA'S CONFEDERATE BENEFIT FUND. 

BY N. K. BUTLER, SECRETARY AND TREASURER, AUGUSTA, GA. 

At the twenty-sixth annual meeting of the Confederate 
Survivors' Association Camp, No. 43S. U. C. V., of Augusta, 
Ga., held January 9. 1905, the attention of the Cainp was 
called to an article that was in the December (1904) Vet- 
eran, page 581, stating that the \V. L. I. Charleston Associa- 
tion was the only association that had a permanent Confed- 
erate beneficial fund in the South. In accordance with a 
resoUition oflfered and adopted by the Camp, I was requested 
to correct the mistake. 

The C. S. A. Camp, No. 435, U. C. V., of Augusta, Ga , 
have a Confederate beneficial fund which is in charge 
of three trustees, who are elected to serve three years, one 
of the terms expiring each year. These trustees serve 
without pay. On May 19, 1897, the Camp turned over to the 
trustees $2,900; since then there has been added two dona- 
tions, amounting to $815.55. They distributed to needy mem- 
bers as follows: In 1898, $231; 1899, $240.25; 1900, $229; 
1901, $502.50; 1902. $384.50; 1903, $326.75; 1904, $291— a total 
of $2,205, a" average annually of $315 — leaving in the hands 
of the trustees December 31, 1904, $1,510.80. 

The Confederate benefit fund is separate from the Camp 
fund. We have also a Ways and Means Committee that 
proA'ides transportation, etc., for about forty comrades to 
attend the reunion. Our association claims to be the oldest 
in the South. Our first meeting to organize was held March 
21, 1875, 3nd was called Cavalry Survivors' Association, and 
only cavalrymen were eligible. On May 3, 1878, it was 
changed to Confederate Survivors' Association, and embraced 
all Confederate soldiers and sailors. Our first officers of the 
Cavalry Survivors' Association were : W. B. Young, Presi- 
dent; F. Edward Eve and George W. Conway, 'Vice Presi- 
dents; James K. Thompson, Secretary; N. K. Butler, Treas- 
urer; Henry Kennedy, Sentinel. Maj. Gen. Clement A. 
Evans was the first President after consolidation, and he 
served until April 26, 1879. The second President, Co!. 
Charles Colcock Jones, served up to his death, July 19. 1893. 
The third President, Capt. F. Edgeworth Eve, was elected 
April 26, 1894, and served until May, 1897. 

On August 7, 1893, the association made an application to 
join the U. C. V., and received a charter January 16, 1894. 
We then changed the officers to correspond to the U. C. V. 
constitution. The first Commander, F. E. Eve, served until 
April 26, 1897; the second, Salem Dutcher, elected May 10, 
1S97, served to January 10, 1899; the third, B. H. Smith, Jr., 
elected January 10, 1899, served to January 8, 1900; the 
fourth, G. W. McLaughlin, elected January 8, 1900, served 
to January 14, 1501 ; the fifth, Joseph B. Gumming, elected 
January 14, 1901, served to January 13, 1902; the sixth, John 
\V. Clark, elected January 13, 1902. is still Commander, hav- 
ing been reelected January 9, 1905. 

The following officers were elected at our meeting January 
9. 1905 : John W. Clark, Commander ; George F. Lamback, 
A. J. Twiggs, B. S. Pelot, Kent Bisell, Lieutenant Com- 
manders; John M. Weigle, Adjutant; N. K. Butler, Secre- 
tary and Treasurer. The following resolution, ofTered by 
Salem Dutcher, was unanimously adopted : "Resolved by the 
Confederate Survivors' Association of Augusta (Ga.) Camp, 
1^0. 435, U. C. v., that the thanks of this Camp be, and they 
are hereby, extended to Comrade B. H. Smith, Jr., A. B. 
Saxon, and C. G. Goodrich for their most faithful and ef- 
ficient management of the beneficiary fund of this Camp." 



NORTH CAROLINA MONUMENT AT APPOMATTOX. 

Maj. George A. .Arnios, a retired United States Army officer, 
who purchased the land where our troops surrendered under 
Gen. Lee, including the McLean house and several adjoining 
farms, has kindly deeded to the North Carolina Commission a 
site for the monument they propose to erect on that historic 
ground to the North Carolina troops. The commission is 
composed of Hon. H. A. London, Col. F. J. Holt, Capt. W. 
T. Jenkins, Hon. C. B. Watson, and Hon. A. D. McGill. 
They have accepted the design for the monument, the work 
is progressing favorably, and it is their intention to have it 
ready to unveil on the 9th of April, 1905, the fortieth anni- 
versary of Gen. Lee's surrender. 

It is the intention of the commission to secure reduced 
rates on all railroads, especially from all points in North 
Carolina and Virginia, and all veterans who surrendered at 
Appomattox will be guests of honor on that occasion. 

The Appomattox Confeder..'c Cemetery is on the brow of 
the hill west of where the old McLean house stood, over- 
looking the little village. The grounds are inclosed by a hand- 
some iron fence, the graves nicely sodded, trees and flowers 
planted, and marble headstones mark each grave — all of which 
is the work of the Appon-a;tox Chapter of the U. D. C, 
which was organized by Mrs. C. W. Hunter in 1895. There 
are nineteen soldiers buried in this cemetery, eighteen Con- 
federates and one Federal. All are unknown except eight ; 
T)ut all receive the same care, and on Decoration Day the 
same floral tributes. Following are the names of those 
known: Sergeant O. F. DeMesmer, Donaldsonville Artillery, 
Louisiana; J. H. Hutchins, Company A, Fifth Alabama Bat- 
talion ; J. W. Ashby, Second Virginia Cavalry ; J. A. Hogan, 
Company E, Twenty-Sixth Georgia Infantry ; P. F. Winn, 
Battery E, Ninth Georgia Regiment; J. W. Douglas (com- 
mand not known) ; A. B. Hicks, Company D, Twenty-Sixth 
Virginia; Capt. Miles C. Macon, Fayette Artillery, Virginia. 

THE COFFIN OF GEN. LEE. 

There is a singular incident connected with the burial of 
Gen. R. E. Lee. He died October 12, 1870. A few days 
before his death the great flood of that year in the upper 
waters of the James River had been disastrous, Lexington 
was cut ofT from communication with the outside world, and 
there was not a coffin in the town suitable for Gen. Lee. 
In this dilemma a box was found that had floated down the 
swollen river and was stranded. On opening it a beautiful 
casket was procured, and in this casket the body of the 
South's beloved chieftain was placed in the chapel of the 
university. 

LTnder the above head the following lines are sent tht 
Veteran by Miss Nellie T. Simpson, of Gallatin, Tenn. : 
"E'en Nature assumed the emblems of woe. 

And drenched was her bosom with tears that did flow ; 

On the James' swollen tide a coffin she rolled, 

A coffin the form of the hero to hold. 

But selfish we are in our love and our grief 

When we claim as ours only this Heaven-sent chief. 

Shall Syria claim as her special dower 

All the fragrance di.stilled from the stately queen flower? 

Can Bethlehem claim as her right by birth 

The Prince sent to teach good will to earth? 

To all who love goodness, who greatness admire ; 

To all who to goodness or greatness aspire ; 

To peasant and crown-head, to convict or priest, 

His life is a light like the star in the east." 



Qopfederati^ l/eterap. 



11:1 



THE CONFEDERATE SOLDIER. 

ADDRESS AT NASHVILLE REUNION, BY R. H. m'kIM, D.D., LL.D. 

It is with deep emotion that I rise to address you to-day. 
When I look over this vast concourse of the brave men and 
the noble women of the South — representing every one of 
the eleven sovereign States once associated in the Southern 
Confederacy — and when I look into the faces of the veteran 
survivors of that incomparable army that fought with such 
magnificent valor and constancy for four long years under 
those tattered battle flags, now furled forever, I am over- 
whelmed at once by the dignity and the difficulty of the task 
assigned me. There is such a vast disproportion between the 
powers which the occasion demands and those which I 
possess that I should not dare to essay the task but for my 
confidence in your generosity and forbearance to a speaker 
who at least can say : "I too loved the Confederacy and 
marched and fought under the banner of the Southern 
Cross." 

A stranger coming into our midst and observing our pro- 
ceedings might suppose that we were met here to celebrate 
the foundation of a State, or to acclaim the triumph of 
armies, or to exult in the victory of a great cause. But no! 
Nine and thirty years ago our new republic sank to rise no 
more; our armies were defeated; our banner went down in 
blood! What then? Are we here to indulge in vain regrets, 
tn lament over our defeat, or to conspire for the reestablish- 
ment of our fallen cause? No! The love and loyalty which 
we give to that cause and to the defeated banner is a demon 
stration of the deep hold that cause had upon the hearts of 
the Southern pc. pie, and of the absolute sincerity and the 
complete devotion with which they supported it ; but it is 
no evidence of unmanly and fruitless repining over defeat, 
nor of any lurking disloyalty to the Union, in which now. 
Ihank God! the Southern States have equal rights and priv 
ilegcs with all the other St.ites of our broad land. We saw 
our banner go down with breaking hearts. When our idolized 
leader sheathed his sword at Appomattox the world grew 
dark tn ns We felt as if the sun had set in blood, to rise 




REV. RANDOLPH H M KIM 



no more. It was as if the foundations of the earth wen- 
sinking beneath our feet. But that same stainless hero, whom 
we had followed with unquestioning devotion, taught us not 
10 despair. He told us it was the part of brave men to accept 
defeat without repining. "Human virtue," he said, "should 
be equal to human calamity." He pointed upward to the star 
of duty, and bade us follow it as bravely in peace as we had 
followed it in war. Henceforth it should be our consecrated 
task, by the help of God, to rebuild the fallen walls of our 
prosperity. 

And so we accepted the result of the war in good faitli 
We abide the arbitrament of the sword. We subscril>e a^ 
sincerely as the men who fought against us to the sentiment . 
"One flag, one country, one constitution, one destiny." This 
is now for us an indissoluble Union of indestructible States 
We are loyal to the starry banner. We remember that it 
was baptized with Southern blood when our forefathers first 
unfurled it to the breeze. We remember that it was a South- 
ern poet, Francis Key, who immortalized it in the "Star 
Spangled Banner." We remember that it was the geniu<. 
of a Southern soldier and statesman, George Washington, 
that finally established it in triumph. Southern blood has 
again flowed in its defense in the Spanish war ; and, should 
occasion require, we pledge our lives and our sacred honor 
to defend it against foreign aggression as bravely as will the 
descendants of the Puritans. And yet to-day, while that 
banner of the Union floats over us, we bring the offering of 
our love and loyalty to the memory of the flag, of the Southern 
Confederacy ! Strange as it may seem to one who does not 
understand our people, inconsistent and incomprehensible as 
it may appear, we salute yonder flag — the banner of the stars 
and stripes — as the symbol of our reunited country at the 
same moment that we come together to do homage to the 
memory of the stars and bars. There is in our hearts a 
double loyalty to-day — a loyalty to the present, and a loyalty 
to the dear, dead past. We still love our old battle flag with 
the Southern Cross upon its fiery folds ! We have wrapped it 
round our hearts ! We have enshrined it in the sacred ark 
of our love; and we will honor it and cherish it evermore, 
not now as a political symbol, but as the consecrated emblem 
of a heroic epoch, as the sacred memento of a day thai 
is dead, as the embodiment of memories that will be tender 
and holy as long as life shall last. 

Let not our fellow-countrymen of the North mistake the 
spirit of this great occasion. If Daniel Webster could say 
that the Bunker Hill Monument was not erected "to per- 
petuate hostility to Great Britain," much more ean we say 
I hat the monuments we have erected, and will yet erect, in 
our Southland to the memory of our dead heroes are not 
intended to perpetuate the angry passions of the Civil War 
or to foster or keep alive any feeling of hostility to our 
brethren of other parts of the Union. No ; but these monu- 
ments are erected, and these great assemblages of our sur 
viving veterans are held, in simple loyalty to the best and 
purest dictates of the human heart. The people that forget 
its heroic dead are already dying at the heart : and we believe 
it will make for the strength and the glory of the United 
Stales if the sentiments that animate us to-day .shall be per 
petuated, generation after generation. Yes, we honor, and 
we bid our children honor, the loyalty to duty, to conscience, 
to fatherland that inspired the men of 1861 ; and it is our 
prayer and our hope that as the years and the generations 
pass, the rising and the setting sun, the moon and the stars, 
winter and summer, spring and autumn will soe the people 



114 



Qoofederat^ l/eterap 



of the South loyal to the memories of those four terrible but 
glorious years of strife, loyally worshiping at the shrine of the 
splendid manhood of our heroic citizen-soldiers, and the even 
more splendid womanhood, whose fortitude and whose en- 
durance have challenged the admiration of the world. Then, 
when the united republic, in years to come, shall call "To 
arms!" our children and our children's children will rally 
to the call, and, emulating the fidelity and the supreme devo- 
tion of the soldiers of the Confederacy, will gird the stars 
and stripes with an impenetrable rampart of steel. 

But it is not the dead alone whom we honor here to-day. 
We hail the presence of the survivors of that tremendous 
conflict. Veterans of more than forty years ! you have come 
from all over the South — from the Patapsco and the Potomac, 
the James and the Rappahannock, the Cumberland and the 
Tennessee, the Mississippi and the Rio Grande — from the 
seashore, from the Gulf, from the Blue Ridge and the Alle- 
ghanies, and some of you even from the shores of the Pacific 
Ocean — to pay your tribute to the defeated cause and the 
dead heroes who laid down their lives for it. May I, on be- 
half of this great assembly — on behalf of the whole South — 
offer yuu a tribute of respect and veneration to-day? We 
hail you as the honored survivors of a great epoch and a 
glorious struggle. We welcome you as the men whom, above 
all others, the South delights to honor. 

It is indeed a matter of course that we, your comrades and 
your fellow-Southrons, should honor you. But we are not 
alone. Your brave antagonists of the Northern armies begin 
at last to recognize the purity of your motives, as they have 
always recognized the splendor of your valor. The dispassion- 
ate historian, even though his sympathy is given to the North, 
no longer denies the sincerity of your belief in the sacredness 
of your cause. The world confesses the honesty of your pur- 
pose and the glory of your gallant struggle against superior 
numbers and resources. Most of you that survive have no 
insignia of rank, no title of distinction. You were private 
soldiers, but I see round your brows the aureole of a soldier's 
glory. You are transfigured by the battles you fought, Nash- 
ville, Franklin, Perryville, Murfreesboro, Shiloh, Chicka- 
mauga, in the West ; and Manassas, Seven Pines, Mechanics- 
ville, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettys- 
burg, the Wilderness, and Cold Harbor, in the East. 

But you have done more than bare your breast to the foe- 
man's steel. You have shown the world how the defeats of 
war may be turned to the victories of peace. You have taught 
mankind how a proud race may sustain disaster and yet 
survive and win the applause of the world. In those terrible 
years of Recontruction — how much more bitter than the four 
years of war ! — you splendidly exemplified the sentiment, 

"Merges profundo, pulchrior exilit !" 
Out of the depths of the bitter flood of reconstruction the 
South emerged, through your fortitude, thrsugh your patience, 
through your courage, more beautiful than ever. 

For all this your people honor you in your old age. They 
cherish the memory of your deeds, and will hand it down, 
a priceless heirloom, to their children's children. You are not 
pensioners on the bounty of the Union, thank God ! Your 
manhood is not sapped by eating the bread of dependence. 
You have faced poverty as bravely as you faced the cannon's 
mouth, and so I salute you as the aristocracy of the South. 
Your deeds have carved for you a place in the temple of her 
fame. They will not be forgotten — the world will not forget 
them. Your campaigns are studied to-day in the military 
schools of Europe; yes, and at West Point itself. 



[The speaker here paid tribute to our valiant dead and 
quoted tributes from Northern sources already published in 
the Veteran. — Ed.] 

Comrades, standing here at the foot of that unseen column, 
reared by the valor and the virtue of the citizen-soldiers of 
the armies of the South, I feel that a duty is laid upon me 
which I may not refuse to perform. From the hills and val- 
leys of more than a thousand battlefields, where sleep the 
silent battalions in gray, there rises to my ear a solemn voice 
of command which I dare not disobey. It bids me vindicate 
to the men of this generation the course which the men of the 
South followed in the crisis of 1861. It is not enough that 
their valor is recognized. It is not enough that their honesty 
is confessed. We ask of our Northern brethren — we ask of 
the world — a recognition of their patriotism and their love 
of liberty. We cannot be silent as long as any aspersion is 
cast by the pen of the historian or by the tongue of the orator 
upon their patriotic motives or upon the loftiness of the 
object they had in view through all that tremendous conflict. 
We make no half-hearted apology for their act. It is Justice 
for which we plead, not charity. 

The view of the origin and character of the course of 
action followed by the Southern States in 1861, which has so 
widely impressed itself upon the popular mind, may be 
summed up in four propositions. First, that the secession of 
the Cotton States was the result of a conspiracy on the part 
of a few of their leaders, and that it was not the genuine 
expression of the mind of the people. Secondly, that the act 
whereby the Southern States withdrew from the Union was 
an act of disloyalty to the Constitution and of treason to the 
United States government. Thirdly, that the people of the 
South were not attached to the Union, and were eager to 
seize upon an excuse for its dissolution. Fourthly, that the 
South plunged into a desperate war for the purpose of per- 
petuating slavery, and made that institution the comer stone 
of the new Confederacy which it sought to establish. 

I propose briefly to show that every one of these proposi- 
tions, when scrutinized under the impartial light of history, 
must be pronounced essentially erroneous 

1. I need not spend much time upon the first of these 
propositions. The evidence at the disposal of the historian 
is conclusive that the action taken by the Cotton States in 
withdrawing from the Union had the support of an over- 
whelming majority of the people of those States. There was 
no conspiracy. The people were in advance of their leaders. 
The most recent, and perhaps the ablest, of the Northern his- 
torians acknowledges this, and says that had not Davis, 
Toombs, and Benjamin led in secession the people would 
have chosen other leaders. The number of unconditional 
Union men in the seven States that first seceded, he declares, 
was insignificant ; and he makes the remarkable admission 
that "had the North thoroughly understood the problem, 
had it known that the people of the Cotton States were prac- 
tically unanimous and that the action of Virginia, North 
Carolina, and Tennessee was backed by a large and genuine 
majority, it might have refused to undertake the seemingly 
unachievable task." [Rhodes's History of the United States, 
Vol. III., p. 404.] There can be no question, then, that the 
impartial historian of the future will recognize that, whether 
right or wrong, the establishment of the Southern Confed- 
eracy was the result of a popular movement — was the act not 
of a band of conspirators, but of the whole people, with a 
unanimity never surpassed in the history of revolutions. 

2. I come now to the question whether the act of the Souths 



Qoi)federate l/eterap. 



115 



ern Stales in withdrawing from the Union was an act of 
disloyalty to the Constitution and of treason to the govern- 
ment of the United States. This once burning question may 
now be discussed without heat. It is no longer a practical, 
but a thoroughly academic, question. The right of secession, 
if it ever existed, exists no longer. The Fourteenth Amend- 
ment to the Constitution has changed the character of our 
political fabric. When we surrendered at Appomattox the 
right of secession was surrendered forever. 

But when we say tliat right does not exist to-day we do 
not acknowledge that it did not exist in 1861. On the con- 
trary, we maintain that it did exist, and that those who 
maintained its existence had upon their side, logically and 
liistorically, the overwhelming weight of evidence. Our late 
antagonists, who are now our brethren and our fellow-citizens, 
cannot be expected to agree with us in this proposition : but 
we put it to their candor and their sense of justice to say 
whether the South had not as good a right to her opinion of 
the meaning of the Constitution as the North had to hers. 
There were in 1S60 two interpretations of that instrument; 
there were two views of the nature of the government which 
was established. On what principle and by what authority 
can it be claimed that the view taken by the South was 
certainly wrong and that the view taken by the North was 
certainly right? Or, waiving the question which view was 
really right, we ask our Northern friends to tell us why the 
South was not justified in following that interpretation which 
she believed to be the true one. She had helped to build — 
nay, she was the chief builder of — the fabric of the Constitu- 
tion. A Massachusetts historian [Mr. John Fiske] has said 
that of the five great men who molded the nation four were 
men of the South — Washington, Jefferson, Madison, and 
Marshall — and. though these great men differed in political 
opinion, yet three at least, Washington, Jefferson, and Madi- 
son, are on record as declaring that the Constitution was a 
compact between the States, and that those thirteen States 
were thirteen independent sovereignties. 

Let the young men of the Nctv South remember the part 
the Old South took in the planting and training of Anglo- 
Saxon civilization on these Western shores. 

Our New England brethren have been so diligent in ex- 
ploiting the voyage of the Mayflower and the landing of the 
pilgrims and their services to morality and civilization and 
liberty in the new world that they seem to have persuaded 
themselves, and would fain persuade the world, that Ameri- 
can liberty is a plant chiefly of New England growth, and that 
America owes its ideas of political independence and repre- 
sentative government and its reverence for conscience to 
the sturdy settlers of our Northeastern coasts. Her orators 
and her poets year after year on Forefathers' Day not only 
glorify, as is meet, the deeds of their ancestors, but seem 
to put forward the claim, in amazing forgetfulness of his- 
tory, that it is to New England that the great republic of 
the West owes the genesis of its free institutions, the inspira- 
tion of its love of civil and religious liberty, and its high 
ideals of character. Rev. Dr. Coyle, in a recent sermon be- 
fore the Presbyterian General Assembly, refers to "the 
Puritan Conscience which put rock foundations under this 
republic." 

It is then not amiss to remind the Southern men of this 
generation that fourteen years before the Mayflower landed 
her pilgrims at Plymouth Rock three English ships — the Susan 
Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery^came to anchor 
in the James River, Virginia, and that the vine of English 



civilization and English liberty was first planted, not on Plym- 
outh Rock, in 1620, but at Jamestown Island. Va., on the 
13th of May, 1607. What Webster so nobly said of the May- 
flower may be as truly said of these three ships that bore the 
first Virginia colony. "The ,^tars that guided them were the 
unobscurcd constellations of civil and religious liberty. Their 
decks were the altars of the living God." Let me also recall 
the fact that on July 30, 1619, eighteen months before the 
pilgrims set foot on American soil, the vine of liberty had 
so deeply taken root in the colony of Virginia that there 
was assembled in the church at Jamestown a free representa- 
tive body (the first on .American soil) — the House of Bur- 
gesses — to deliberate for the welfare of the people. There 
also, more than a century before the Revolution, when Oliver 
Cromwell's fleet appeared to whip the rebellious Old Do- 
minion info obedience, Virginia demanded and obtained recog- 
nition of the principle, "No taxation without representation ;" 
and there, in 1676, just one hundred years before the revolt 
of the colonies, that remarkable man, Nathaniel Bacon, "sol- 
dier, orator, leader," raised the standard of revolt against 
the oppressions of the British crown. 

But this is not all. That spot on Jamestown Island, marked 
to-day by a ruined, ivy-clad church tower and a group of 
moss-covered tombstones, is the sacred ground whence sprang 
that stream of genius and power which contributed most to 
the achievement of American independence and to the organi- 
zation of American liberty. That first colony, planted in 
Tidewater, Va., was, in the revolutionary period, prolific in 
men of genius and force and intense devotion to liberty never 
perhaps equaled in modern times in any region of equal size 
and of so small a population. This is acknowledged by care- 
ful and candid historians to-day. among whom I may men 
tion Senator Lodge, of Massachusetts It was a Southern 
orator, Patrick Henry, who gave to the colonists in his match- 
less eloquence the slogan, "Give me liberty or give me death !" 
It was a Southerner, Richard Henry Lee, who brought for- 
ward in the first Congress the motion that these colonies by 
right ought to be free and independent ! It was a Southerner, 
Thomas Jefferson, who drafted the inmiortal Declaration of 
Independence ! It was a Southerner, George Mason, who had 
earlier drawn the Virginia Bill of Rights, a document of even 
profoundcr political statesmanship, and which was taken by 
Massachusetts as the model of her own Bill of Rights! It 
was a Southerner, George Washington, who made good the 
Declaration of Independence by his sword after seven years 
of war I If was a Southerner, James Madison, who earned 
the title "Father of the Constitution!" It was a Southerner, 
John Marshall, who became its most illustrious interpreter! 

I ask, then, in view of all this, whether the South was not 
justified in believing that the views of constitutional inter- 
pretation which she had inherited from such a political an- 
cestry were not the true views? Let our Northern friends 
answer, in all candor, whether the South, with such a 
heredity as this, with such glorious memories of achievement, 
with such splendid traditions of the part her philosophers 
and statesmen and soldiers had taken, both in the winning of 
independence and in the building of the temple of the Con- 
stitution, had not good reason for saying: "We will follow 
that interpretation of the Constitution which we received 
from our fathers — from Jefferson, Madison, and Washington — 
rather than that which can claim no older or greater names 
than those of Story and Webster." For be it remembered 
that for forty years after the adoption of the Constitution there 
was approximate unanimity in its interpretation upon the great 



116 



Qopfederatc l/eterai). 



i'isnc oil wliicli tlie South took her ^tand in 1861. In truth 
Webster and Story apostatized from the New England in- 
(erpretation of the Constitution. It is a historical fact that 
the Constitution was regarded as a compact between the 
States for a long period (not less than forty years after its 
adoption) by the leaders of opinion in the New England 
States. Moreover, in the same quarter, the sovereignty of the 
States was broadly affirmed ; and also the right of the States 
to resume, if need be, the powers granted under the Constitu- 
tion. Samuel Adams objected to the preamble to the Consti- 
tution. "I stumble at the threshold," he said; "I meet a 
national government instead of a federal union of sovereign 
States." To overcome this, Gov. Hancock brought in the 
tenth amendment as to the reservation to the States of all 
powers not expressly delegated to the general government. 
The Websterian dogmas had then no advocates in New En- 
gland. Hancock, Adams, Parsons, Bowdoin, and Ames were 
all for State sovereignty. 

These statements will no doubt be received by many with 
surprise, possibly with incredulity. Permit me, then, briefly 
to justify them by the unquestionable facts of history. The 
impartial historian of the future will recall the fact that the 
first threat of secession did not come from the men of the 
South, but from the men of New England. Four times before 
the secession of South Carolina the threat of secession was 
heard in the North — in 1802-03, in 1811-12, in 1814, and in 
1844-45. The first time it came from Col. Timothy Pickering, 
of Massachusetts, a friend of Washington and a member of 
his Cabinet ; the second time, from Josiah Quincy, another 
distinguished citizen of Massachusetts ; the third time, from 
the Hartford Convention, in which five States were represent- 
ed ; the fourth time, from the Legislature of Massachusetts. 
On January 14, 1811, Josiah Quincy, of Massachusetts, in the 
debate on the admission of Louisiana, declared his "deliberate 
opinion that if the bill passes the bonds of this Union are 
virtually dissolved ; . . . that as it will be the right of 
all [the States] so it will be the duty of some to prepare defi- 
nitely for a separation — amicably if they can, violently if thsy 
must." In 1812 "pulpit, press, and rostrum" of New England 
advocated secession. In 1839 ex-President John Quincy 
Adams urged publicly that it would be better for the States 
to "part in friendship from each other than to be held together 
by constraint," and declared that "the people of each State 
have the right to secede from the confederated Union." In 
1842 Mr. Adams presented a petition to Congress from a 
town in Massachusetts, praying that it would "immediately 
adopt measures peaceably to dissolve the union of these 
States." In 1844, and again in 1845, the Legislature of Mas- 
sachusetts avowed the right of secession, and threatened to 
secede if Texas was admitted to the Union. Alexander Ham- 
ilton threatened Jefferson with the secession of New England 
"unless the debts of the States were assumed by the general 
government." February i, 1850, Mr. Hale offered in the 
Senate a petition and resolutions, asking that body to devise, 
"without delay, some plan for the immediate peaceful dissolu- 
tion of the American LInion." Chase and Seward voted for 
its reception. 

The occasions calling forth these declarations of the pur- 
pose of dissolving the Union were the acquisition of Louisi- 
ana ihe proposed admission of Louisiana as a State into the 
LInion, the dissatisfaction occasioned by the war with Great 
Bri'ain, and then the proposed annexation of Texas. These 
measures were all believed by the New England States to be 
adyrrse lo their interests. The addition of the new States 



would, it was thought, destroy the equilibrium of power and 
give the South a preponderance ; and therefore these stalwart 
voices were raised, declaring that there was in the last resort 
a remedy, and that was the dissolution of the Union. This 
was the language used by the Legislature of Massachusetts : 
"The commonwealth of Massachusetts, faithful to the com- 
pact between the people of the United States, according to 
the plain meaning and intent in which it was understood by 
them, is sincerely anxious for its preservation ; but it is de- 
termined, as it doubts not the other States are, to submit 
lo undelegated powers in no body of men on earth." 

This stalwart utterance of Massachusetts expresses exactly 
the attitude of the seceding States in 1861. They believed 
that "the compact between the people of the United States" 
liad been violated, that they could no longer enjoy equal 
rights within the Union, and therefore they refused to sub- 
mit to the exercise of "undelegated powers" on the part of 
the national government. Thus the North and the South, 
at these different epochs, held the same view of the right of 
withdrawal from the Union 

The South held with great unanimity to the doctrine of 
State sovereignty, and that that sovereignty was inviolable 
hy the general government. She had good reason to believe 
it, for it had been the faith of her greatest statesmen from 
the very foundation of the republic. Mr. Madison, the father 
of the Constitution, held to that faith ; and when Patrick 
Henry opposed the adoption of the Constitution upon the 
ground that the words "we, the people," seemed to imply a 
"consolidated government" and not "a compact between 
States," he replied that it \V2S not "we, the people," as cum 
posing one great body, bf.l li'.e people of thirteen sover- 
eignties 

Daniel Webster, in his great speech in reply to Mr. Hayne 
in 1830, and again in 1833 in his reply to Calhoun, argued 
that the Constitution was not a "compact," not a "confed- 
eracy," and that the acts of ratification were not "acts of ac- 
cession." These terms, he said, would imply the right of 
secession, but they were terms unknown to the fathers ; they 
formed a "new vocabulary," invented to uphold the theory of 
State sovereignty 

Alexander Hamilton spoke oif the new government as "a 
Confederate republic," a "Confederacy," and called the Con- 
stitution a "compact." Gen. -Washington wrote of the Con- 
stitution as a compact, and repeatedly uses the terms "accede" 
and "accession," and once the term "secession." Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire, when ratifying the Constitution, referred 
to that instrument as "an explicit and solemn compact." . . . 

Mr. Webster, in the very last year of his illustrious life, 
distinctly recognized the right of secession, for in his speech 
at Capon Springs, Va., in 1851, he said : "If the South were 
to violate any part of the Constitution intentionally and sys- 
tematically, and persist in so doing, year after year, and nO' 
remedy could be had, would the North be any longer bound 
by the rest of it? And if the North were deliberately, ha- 
bitually, and of fixed purpose to disregard one part of it,, 
would the South be bound any longer to observe its other 
obligations? ... I have not hesitated to say, and I repeat, 
that if the Northern States refuse, willfully and deliberately, 
to carry into effect that part of the Constitution which re- 
spects the restoration of fugitive slaves, and Congress pro- 
vide no remedy, the South would no longer be bound to ob- 
serve the compact. A bargain cannot be broken on one side 
and still bind the other side." 

Looking back then to-dav. my coaiundes, over the four and 



C^OQfederate l/eterap 



117 



forty years which separate us from the acts of secession passed 
by the Southern States, we say to the men of this generation 
and to those who will come after us that the opprobrium 
heaped upon those who then asserted the right of secession 
is undeserved. That right had not then been authoritatively 
denied. On the contrary, it had been again and again asserted, 
North and South, by eminent statesmen for nearly sixty years 
after the formation of the Union. Those who held it had as 
good right to their opinion as those who denied it. The 
weight of argument was overwhelmingly in their favor. So 
clear was this that the United States government wisely 
decided after the fall of the Confederacy that it was not 
prudent to put Jefferson Davis upon his trial for treason. 
Let it be remembered that the formation of the United States, 
in 1/88, was accomplished by nine of the States seceding 
from the Confederacy which had existed for eleven years, 
and which had bound the States entering into it to "a per- 
petual Union." Thus the Union itself was the child of se- 
cession! 

There was a time during those dark years of reconstruction 
when public opinion in the North demanded that we who 
had fought under the Southern flag should prove the sincerity 
of our acceptance of the results of the war by acknowledging 
the unrighteousness of our cause and by confessing contri- 
tion for our deeds. 

But could we acknowledge our cause to be unrighteous 
when we still believed it just? Could we repent of an act 
done in obedience to the dictates of conscience? The men of 
the North may claim that our judgment was at fault; that 
our action was not justified by reason; that the fears that 
goaded us to withdraw from the Union were not well 
grounded ; but so long as it is admitted tliat we followed duty 
as we understood it they cannot ask us to repent. A man 
can repent, I repeat, only of what he is ashamed, and it will 
not be claimed that we should be ashamed of obeying the 
dictates of conscience in the face of hardship and danger 
and death 

Capt. Oliver -Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts, who now 
occupies a scat upon the Supreme Bench of the United States, 
uttered these generous words nearly a quarter of a century 
ago: "We believed that it was most desirable that the North 
should win; we believed in the principle that the Union is 
indissoluble ; but we equally believed that those who stood 
against us held just as sacred convictions that were the op- 
posite of ours, and we respected them as every man with a 
heart must respect those who give all for their belief." 

All honor to the valiant soldier and accomplished scholar 
who uttered those words ! All honor, too, to another noble 
son of New England, Charles Francis Adams, who has more 
recently declared, recognizing the same principle, that both 
the North and the South were right in the great struggle 
of the War between the States, because each believed itself 
right. When Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee were cadets 
at West Point, the text-books in use on political science were 
by St. George Tucker, a Southern writer, and William Rawle, 
a Northern writer, and both taught the right of a State to 
secede. Can these illustrious men be attainted as traitors 
because they put in practice the principles taught them by the 
authority of the government of the United States? 

I come now to the third proposition — viz., that "the people 
of the South were not attached to the Union, and were eager 
to seize upon an excuse for its dissolution." .... 

In considering this assertion it will be necessary to distin- 
guish in our reply between the States that first seceded and 



the border States of Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and 
Arkansas, which later gave in their adhesion to the Southern 
Confederacy. As to the former— the Cotton States— if it be 
true, as candid historians acknowledged, that their people "all 
held that the North was unconstitutionally and unjustly at- 
tempting to coerce the sovereign States;" if it be true, as we 
have seen is now conceded, that the people of those States 
solemnly believed that their liberties were assailed, and (hat 
the war waged against them was a war of subjugation — then I 
submit that they were constrained to choose between their 
love of t' e Union and their love of liberty; and I do not 
believe th-t any brave and candid patriot of any Northern 
State vJl condemn them because, holding that belief, they 
made the choice they did. The judgment of the South may 
be impeached, but not her patriotism, not her love for the 
Union, if, shut up to such an alternative, she preferred 
liberty without union to union without liberty. Yet her 
judgment was sustained by some of the most illustrious men 
of the North. Millard Fillmore had said, in 1856, in referring 
to the possible election of Fremont as a sectional President : 
"Can they have the madness or folly to believe that our 
Southern brethren would submit to be governed by such a 
chief magistrate?" And Rufus Choate the same year wrote 
that if the Republican party "accomplishes its objects and 
gives the government to the North I turn my eyes from the 
consequences." 

The case of the border States is somewhat different. Mary- 
land, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennes- 
see were all opposed lo secession. They refused to follow the 
lead of South Carolina. For example, as late as April 4 Vir- 
ginia voted by eighty-nine to forty-five against the ordinance 
of secession. They believed the Southern States had just 
grievances against the North, and that there was much to 
justify the fears which they entertained, but they were not 
prepared to dissolve the Union. They still hoped for redress 
within the Union by constitutional means. Moreover, the 
men who became our greatest generals and our most illus- 
trious and determined leaders in the Southern Confederacy 
were, a majority of them, earnest Union men. I think it 
may be said, too, that the States which furnished most 
of the munitions of war and most of the fighting men 
were opposed to secession. The Union, which their fore- 
fathers had done so much to create, first by the sword and 
then by the pen and the tongue, was dear to their hearts. 
When, after the Revolution, it became apparent that jealousy 
of the preponderance of Virginia, resulting from the vastness 
of her domain, would prevent the formation of the Union, 
that State, with truly queenly generosity, gave to the Union 
her Northwestern Territory, out of which the States of 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of 
Minnesota were afterwards carved. This was in 1787. Has 
any other State, or group of States, done as much in proof of 
attachment to the Union ? Moreover, she dedicated this vast 
territory as free soil by the or^^inance of 1787. 

But there came a cruel issue. On the 15th of April, i86i. 
President Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for seventy- 
five thousand men to coerce the seceded States back into the 
Union. The border States were called upon to furnish their 
quota of armed men to march against their Southern breth 
ren. Thus an issue was torced upon them which the future 
historian, however antagonistic to the South, must nonder 
with sympathy and emotion. The men of these border States 
were compelled to decide either to send soldiers tq fighl 
against their brethren or to say: "We will throw in our lot 



118 



C^or^fcderat^ l/eterai}. 



with them and resist military coercion." Now, whatever 
division of sentiment existed in regard to the policy, or even 
the right, of secession, there was almost complete unanimity 
in these States in repudiating the right of coercion. That 
right had been vehemently repudiated in the discussions in 
the Constitutional Convention by James Madison, Alexander 
Hamilton, and Edmund Randolph. The South remained true 
to the doctrine of the fathers on this point. Mr. Madison op- 
posed the motion to incorporate in the Constitution the power 
of coercing a State to its duty, and by unanimous consent the 
project was abandoned. Alexander Hamilton denounced the 
proposal to coerce a State as "one of the maddest projects 
ever devised." Edmund Randolph said it meant "civil war." 

But, waiving all this, I come back to the question, Can any 
blame attach to the people of the border States for choosing 
as they chose in the face of the cruel alternative, which was 
forced upon them by Mr. Lincoln's proclamation, to abandon 
the Union or to draw their swords against their Southern 
brethren ? 

It has been well and wisely said by a recent historian (Mr. 
Rhodes) that "the political reason of Virginia, Maryland, and 
Kentucky inclined them to the North; their heartstrings 
drew them to the South." I put it to any man with a heart 
to say whether, when the bayonet is directed against the 
bosom of a member of one's own household, he is to blame 
for throwing himself in the breach in defense, even though 
the bayonet be in the hand of the officer of the law. I affirm 
that the ties of blood and kindred are more sacred even than 
those which bind a man to the government of his country. 
Could the men of Virginia and North Carolina and Tennessee 
be expected to raise their hands against their family altars 
and firesides, whatever view they might have taken of the 
constitutional questions at issue? But the men of those 
States believed with great unanimity that the sovereignty of 
a State was inviolable by the general government. That was 
the faith they had received from their fathers, from a long 
line of illustrious statesmen and political philosophers. Of 
this let one decisive example suffice. Though Robert E. Lee 
abhorred the idea of secession and loved the Union with a 
passionate devotion, yet when he was asked by a member of 
a committee of Congress whether he did not consider that he 
was guilty of treason in drawing his sword in behalf of the 
South he answered : "No, I believed my allegiance was due 
to the State of Virginia." 

The people of the South believed, as we have said, that 
government derives its just powers from the consent of the 
governed. They believed the general government had no 
rightful power of coercion. Their New England brethren had 
for many years confirmed them in that belief 

I come now to consider the opinion, so widely held, that 
the South plunged into a desperate war for the purpose of 
perpetuating slavery, and made that institution the corner 
stone of the new Confederacy which it sought to establish. 
Before dealing directly with this, however, a little history 
upon the subject of the relation of the South to slavery will 
be salutary. 

Certainly we have no tears to shed over its abolition. There 
is not a man in the South who would wish to see it re- 
established. But there are several facts, unknown to some 
and ignored by other historians, which are essential to a 
right understanding of this question. I shall hold them up 
to the light to-day because I would not have the attitude of 
that dear, noble Old South misrepresented or misunderstood 
by our descendants. 



J 



In the first place, let it never be forgotten that it was the 
government of England, and not the people of the South, 
which was originally responsible for the introduction of 
slavery. In 1760 South Carolina passed an act to prohibit 
further importation of slaves, but England rejected it with 
indignation. 

The colony of Virginia again and again protested to the 
British king against sending slaves to her shores, but in vain — 
they were forced upon her. One hundred petitions against 
the introduction of slaves were sent by the colonists of 
Virginia to the British government. Then, too, Virginia was 
the first of all the States, North or South, to prohibit the 
slave trade, and Georgia was the first to incorporate such a 
prohibition in her organic constitution. In fact, Virginia was 
in advance of the whole world on this subject; she abolished 
the slave trade in 1778, nearly thirty years before England 
did, and the same period before New England was willing to 
consent to its abolition. Again, at the formation of the Con- 
stitution, Virginia raised her protest against the continuance 
of that traffic; but New England raised a voice of objection, 
and, uniting her influence with that of South Carolina and 
Georgia, secured the continuance of the slave trade for 
twenty years more by constitutional provision. On the other 
hand, the first statute establishing slavery in America was 
passed by Massachusetts in December, 1641, in her code en- 
titled Body of Liberties. The first fugitive slave law was 
enacted by the same State, while every Southern State legis- 
lated against the slave trade. Thus slavery was an inheritance 
which the people of the South received from the fathers ; and 
if the States of the North, very soon after the Revolution, 
abolished the institution, it cannot be claimed that the aboli- 
tion was dictated by moral considerations, but by differences 
of climate, soil, and industrial interests. The Supreme Court 
in 1857 used the following language : "This change had not 
been produced by any change of opinion in relation to this 
race, but because it was discovered by experience that slave 
labor was unsuited to the climate and productions of these 
States, for some of them . . . were actively engaged in 
the slave trade." 

Goodell's "Slavery and Antislavery"— an authority not 
friendly to the South— says (pp. 10, 11) that the merchants 
of New England seaports "almost monopolized the immense 
profits of that lucrative, but detestable, trade." 

"The principal operation of abolition in the North," says an 
English authority, "was to transfer Northern slaves to South- 
ern markets." (Ingram's "History of Slavery," London, 1895, 
p. 184.) 

On March 26, 1788, the Legislature of Massachusetts passed 
a law ordering all free negroes out of the State. If they 
would not go voluntarily, they were to be whipped out. 

It existed in several of the Northern States more than 
fifty years after the adoption of the Constitution, while the 
importation of slaves into the South continued to be carried 
on by Northern merchants and Northern ships, without inter- 
ference in the traffic from any quarter, until it was pro- 
hibited by the spontaneous action of the Southern States 
themselves. 

Note this also : The contest between the North and the 
South over the extension of slavery to the territories was a 
contest on the part of the South for equal rights under the 
Constitution, and it ought to be clearly understood that it did 
not involve the increase of slavery. Had that right been con- 
ceded, not one additional slave would have been added to the 
number existing in the country. "It was a question of the dis- 



Qopfederate l/eterai>. 



119 



tribution or dispersion of the slaves rather than of the ex- 
tension of slavery. Removal is not extension. Indeed, if 
emancipation was the end to be desired, the dispersion of the 
negroes over a wider area, among additional territories 
eventually to become States, and in climates unfavorable to 
slave labor, instead of hindering, would have promoted this 
object by diminishing the difficulties in the way of ultimate 
emancipation." This is the language of Jefferson Davis, but 
the argument is Henry Clay's. In 1820 he argued that the 
extension of slavery was farseeing humanity, and Mr. Jeffer- 
son agreed with him, saying that spreading the slaves over a 
larger surface "will dilute the evil everywhere and facilitate 
the means of getting finally rid of it." Mr. Madison took 
the same view, and these three statesmen were all earnest 
emancipationists. 

"In 1822 there were five or six abolition societies in Ken- 
tucky. In 1819 the first distinctively emancipation paper in 
the United States was published in Jonesboro, Eastern Ten- 
nessee." There were eighteen emancipation societies in that 
region organized by the Covenanters, Methodists, and the 
Quakers. 

A Massachusetts writer, George Lunt, says: "The States 
of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee were engaged in prac- 
tical movements for the gradual emancipation of their slaves. 
This movement continued until it was arrested by the ag- 
gressions of the abolitionists." 

The people of the South believed tluy were, at heart, more 
friendly to the negro race than their Northern brethren, and 
such facts as the following appeared to justify their be- 
lief. In 1830 Senator Benton called attention to the "actual 
expulsion of a great body of free colored people from the 
State of Ohio, and not one word of objection, not one note 
of grief." The whole number expatriated was estimated at 
ten thousand. He added: "This is a remarkable event, paral- 
leled only by the expulsion of the Moors from Spain and 
the Huguenots from France." In 1846 the liberated slaves 
of John Randolph were driven by a mob away from the lands 
which had been purchased for them in Ohio. In 1855 the 
Topeka (Kan.) Cousiiltition, adopted by the Freesoilers, con- 
tained an article, ratified by a vote of almost three to one, 
forbidding any free negro to reside in the State, and this 
was accepted by the Republican House of Representatives. 
In i860 the Con.stilutions of thirty out of thirty-four States 
of the Union excluded negroes from exercising the suffrage. 
Facts like these did not tend to confirm the confidence of the 
people of the South in the sincerity of the agitation on behalf 
of the negro. 

And now I call your attention to a fact of capital importance 
in this discussion — viz., that the sentiment in favor of emanci- 
pation was rapidly spreading in the South in the first quarter 
of the nineteenth century. It is stated on high authority that 
in the year 1826 there were one hundred and forty-three eman- 
cipation societies in the whole country, and of this number 
one hundred and three were established in the South. It is 
well known that one branch of the Legislature of Virginia 
came within one vote of passing a law of emancipation in the 
year 1832. and I was assured in i860 by Col. Thomas Jeffer- 
son Randolph, of Virginia, the grandson of Mr. Jefferson— 
himself an influential member of the Legislature in 1832— 
that emancipation would certainly have been carried the en- 
suing year but for the revulsion of feeling which followed the 
fanatical agitation of the subject by the abolitionists of the 
period. The Legislature of 1832 defeated the emancipation bill 
by only one vote 



It is our belief that, but for passions naturally roused by the 
violent attacks made upon the moral character of the South- 
ern slaveholder, slavery would have been peaceably abolished 
in the border States before the middle of the nineteenth cen- 
tury 

Fanatics and abolitionists demanded immediate emancipation 
without compensation or consideration of any kind. England 
in 1833 abolished slavery in the West Indies, but she compen- 
sated the slave owners, devoting $100,000,000 to that purpose. 
But never in all the long abolition agitation of thirty years, 
irom 1831 to 1861, was there any proposition to remunerate the 
So-jtii for the loss of her slaves. Her people were expected 
to make a sacrifice for emancipation never demanded before 
of any people on earth. I do not forget that in March, 1862, 
Mr. Lincoln proposed remuneration to the border States which 
had not seceded ; but it came too late, when flagrant war 
had embittered the hostility between the sections. 

Mr. Gladstone admitted that the extinction of slavery was 
"a consummation devoutly to be desired and in good earnest 
to be forwarded," yet held that "immediate and unconditional 
emancipation without a previous advance in character must 
place the negro in a state where he would be his own worst 
enemy." The people of the South, too, realized the difficulty 
and the danger of emancipation. She was, as Jefferson said, 
in the position of the man who held the wolf by the cars— she 

didn't want to hold on, but she was afraid to let go 

If it is charged that slavery was the corner stone of the 
Southern Confederacy, what are we to say of the Constitution 
of the United States? That instrument as originally adopted 
by the thirteen colonies contained three sections which recog- 
nized slavery 

But after all that may be said we are told that slavery was 
the cause of the war and that the citizen-soldiers of the South 
sprang, to arms in defense of slavery. 

Yes, my comrades, calumny, masquerading as history, has 
told the world that that battle flag of yours was the emblem 
of slave power, and that you fought not for liberty but for the 
right to hold your fellow-men in bondage. 

Think of it, soldiers of Lee ! Think of it, followers of Jack- 
son and Stuart and Albert Sidney Johnston ! You were fight- 
ing, they say, for the privilege of holding your fellow-men in 
bondage! Will you for one moment acknowledge the truth of 
that indictment? Ah. no! that banner of the Southern Cross 
was studded with the stars of God's heaven. You could not 
have followed a banner that was not the banner of liberty ! 
You sprang from the loins of freemen 1 You drank in free- 
dom with your mothers' milk ! Your revolutionary sires were 
not inspired by a more intense devotion to liberty than you 
were ! 

Tell me, were you thinking of your slaves when you cast 
all in the balance, your lives, your fortunes, your sacred honor, 
in order to endure the hardships of the march and the camp 
and the peril and suffering of the battlefield? Why, it was 
but a small minority of the men who fought in the Southern 
armies — hardly one in ten — that were financially interested in 
the institution of slavery. 

There is, however, a court to which this contention may be 
referred for settlement — one whose decision all men ought to 
accept. It is composed of the three men who may be supposed 
to have known, if any man knew, the object for which the war 
was waged — Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, and Robert 
E. Lee. And their decision is unanimous. Mr. Lincoln always 
declared that the object of the war was the restoration of the 
Union, and not the emancipation of the slaves. Mr. Davis as 



120 



(^opfederat^ l/eterap 



positively declared that the South was not fighting for slavery, 
but for independence. And Robert E. Lee expressed his opin- 
ion by setting all his slaves free January 8, 1863, and then go- 
ing on with the war for more than two years longer. . . . 

The generation which participated in that great struggle is 
rapidly passing away, and we believe that no fitting occasion 
should be neglected by those who yet survive to vindicate the 
motives and to explain the principles of the actors in that great 
drama. Only by iteration and reiteration by the writers and 
speakers of the South will the real facts be rescued from ob- 
livion, and the conduct and characters of our leaders, and the 
heroic men who followed them, be understjod and honored as 
ihey ought to be. And, my friends, the fulfillment of this duty 
will make for unity and fraternity among Americans, not for 
sectionalism. It will strengthen, not weaken, the bonds of the 
Union in the years to come if the generations yet unborn are 
taught to recognize that the principles and the aims of the men 
of the South were as high and as pure as those which animated 
their foemen of the North. Let the Union of the future be 
founded on mutual respect, and to this end let the truth con- 
cerning the principles and acts of the old South be told — the 
whole truth and nothing but the truth. 

Comrades and fellow-citizens, we thank God that to-day the 
sun shines upon a truly reunited country. In the providence 
of God the Spanish war has drawn North and South together 
in bonds of genuine brotherhood. Their blood has watered the 
same soil ; the common patriotism has glorified again the land 
of Washington. . . . There was no North or South on 
those fields of battle, or in Santiago Harbor, or in front of 
Manila. Yes, and as was well said by our own Hilary Her- 
bert at the Peace Jubilee, "Out of the grave of sectionalism 
arose the trumphant spirit of Americanism." .... 

For one moment let us turn from the sacred past — from the 
memories of this day and hour — and look into the future. 
Surely a Pisgah prospect of beauty and hope ! A great destiny 
opens before America. Great are her privileges, her oppor- 
tunities, her responsibilities 

But this occasion belongs not to the future but to the past. 
Let our closing thoughts then be dedicated to the memory of 
our dead — that mighty host of brave soldiers and sailors who 
fell under the banner of the lost Confederacy forty years 
ago, of those now silent battalions of Southern soldiers that 
sleep on so many hard-fought fields 

I will not attempt then to pronounce a fitting panegyric upon 
those brave men nor upon their splendid leaders : captains 
whose valor, whose prowess, whose skill, whose heroic con- 
stancy were never outshone on any field; in any age, by any 
leaders of men; not by Agamemnon, "king of men;" not by 
Achilles, the "swift-footed," "the invincible ;" not by Ulysses, 
"the wise;" nor by Ajax, "the mighty;" not by Miltiades at 
Marathon ; nor by Leonidas himself at Thermopylae ; nor by 
any of the long line of illustrious heroes and patriots who, in 
ancient and in modern times, have shed luster on manhood by 
their valor or by their constancy. Comrades, it is my con- 
viction that the Muse of History will write the names of some 
of our Southern heroes as high on her great roll of honor as 
those of any leaders of men in any era. Fame herself will 
rise from her throne to place the laurel with her own hands 
upon the immortal brows of Robert E. Lee, Albert Sidney 
Johnston, and Stonewall Jackson. I grant, indeed, that it is 
not for us who were their companions and fellow-soldiers to 
ask the world to accept our estimate of their rightful place in 
history. We are partial, we are biased in our judgments, men 
will say. Be it so. We are content to await the calm verdict 



of the future historian, when with philosophic impartiality 
the characters and achievements and motives of our illustrious 
leaders shall have been weighed in the balances of truth. What 
that verdict will be is foreshadowed, we believe, by the judg- 
ment expressed by Gen. Lord Wolseley, who said : "I believe 
Gen. Lee will be regarded not only as the most prominent 
figure of the Confederacy but as the great American of the 
nineteenth century, whose statue is well worthy to stand on 
an equal pedestal with that of Washington, and whose memory 
is equally worthy to be enshrined in the hearts of all his 
countrymen." 

What you ask of me, however, comrades, in these closing 
moments is quite apart from the task of the historian or the 
orator. It is simply to give honest utterance to the love and 
admiration that glow in the breast of every one of us for 
those, our companions in arms, who fell on the almost count- 
less bloody fields of that Titantic struggle in repelling the 
invaders from our soil. All honor to their memory ! We 
cannot call their names. They are too numerous to be told 
over, even if we had here the muster rolls of all the Confed- 
erate armies. But if their names could be called, we could 
answer : "Dead on the field of honor !" . . . Yes, for these 
men to whom we pay the tribute of our homage were heroes, 
if ever heroes were. What hardships did they not uncom- 
plainingly endure on the march, in the bivouac, in the trench- 
es ! What sacrifices did they not cheerfully make for a cause 
dearer than life itself! What dangers did they not face with 
unquailing front ! Who that ever saw them can forget those 
hardy battalions? Rusty and ragged were their uniforms, 
but bright were their muskets and their bayonets, and they 
moved like the very whirlwind of war! 

They fill, most of them, nameless graves. They were private 
soldiers. Fame will not herald their names and deeds to pos- 
terity. They fought without reward and they died without 
distinction. It was enough for them to hear the voice of duty 
and to follow it, though it led them by a rugged path to a 
bloody grave. "Tell my father or my mother I tried to do 
my duty," was the last message of many a dying soldier boy 
to his comrades on the field of battle. O, it is for this we 
honor and revere their nameless memories to-day. They were 
not soldiers of fortune, but soldiers of duty, who dared all 
that men can dare and endured all that men can endure in 
obedience to what they believed the sacred call of country. 
. . . They loved their State; they loved their homes and 
their firesides. They knew little of the warring theories of 
constitutional interpretation. But one thing they knew : armed 
legions were marching upon their homes, and it was their 
duty to hurl them back at any cost. For this, not we only 
who shared their perils and hardships do them honor — not the 
Southern people only — but all brave men everywhere. Name- 
less they may be, but the name of "Confederate soldier" will 
echo around the world through the coming years, and will be 
accepted as the synonym of valor, of constancy, and of loyalty 
to the sternest call of duty. 

My comrades, I have been in the Eternal City, surrounded 
by the deathless relics and monuments which commemorate the 
glorious achievements of the citizens and soldiers of ancient 
Rome. I have paced the aisles of that stately church in which 
Venice has piled up the splendid memorials in brass and in 
marble of the men who made her name great in Europe — who 
made her to sit as a queen upon her watery throne among the 
nations. I have stood under a dome in Paris, on the spot upon 
which France has lavished with unstinted hand her wealth and 
her art to shed glory upon the name of her greatest soldier — 



Qopfederat(^ l/eterai> 



121 



his sarcophagus reposes upon a pavement of costly marbles 
gathered from all quarters of the globe, and so arranged as to 
represent a Sun of Glory irradiating the name of the hero of 
Merango and of the Pyramids, of Jena and of Austerlitz. And 
1 have meditated in awe-struck silence beneath the fretted roof 
of Westminster Abbey, surrounded by the almost countless 
memorial marbles which twenty generations of Englishmen 
have erected to celebrate the fame of their most illustrious 
kings and nobles, soldiers and patriots, jurists and statesmen, 
poets and historians, musicians and dramatists. 

But on none of these occasions have I been so mipressed 
with the patriotic and unselhsh devotion thai human nature is 
capable of as when I have contemplated the character and the 
career of the private soldiers of the Confederacy. Not for 
fame or for reward, not for place or rank, not lured by ambi- 
tion or goaded by necessity, but in simple obedience to duty, 
as they understood it, these men suffered all, sacrificed all, 
dared all — and died ! No stately abbey will ever cover their 
remains. Their dust will never repose beneath fretted or 
fiescoed roof. No costly bronze will ever blazon their names 
lor posterity to honor ; but the Potomac and the Rappahan- 
nock, the James and the Chickahominy, the Cumberland and 
the Tennessee, the Mississippi and the Rio Grande, as they 
run their long race from the mountains to the sea, will sing 
of their prowess for evermore I The mountains of Virginia 
and Tennessee and Georgia will stand eternal witnesses of 
their valor 

As 1 recall the magnificent valor of those half-fed, half- 
clad legions of the Confederacy the thought comes : "But after 
all they failed. The Confederacy fell. The banner of the 
Southern cross sank to earth to rise no more." 

But icas it in vain? I do not believe it. It is true that their 
Hashing bayonets did not establish the new Confederacy. It 
IS true that those proud armies of Lee and Johnston were 
slowly worn away by attrition until, reduced to gaunt skele- 
tons of what they had been, they surrendered to the vast 
hosts of the Union armies. But it is not true that those gal- 
lant Southrons suffered and died in vain. No brave battle 
fought for truth and right was ever in vain ! The truth sur- 
vives, though the soldier of the truth perishes His death, his 
defeat, becomes the seed of future success. . . "Being 
dead they yet speak." They tell us and our children and chil- 
dren's children that courage, self-sacrifice, loyalty to convic- 
tion is sublime ; it is better than mere success ; it carries with 
It its own reward. Death was not too high a price to pay for 
the exhibition to the world of such heroism as theirs. That 
cannot die. It shines as the stars with a deathless light above 
the sordid and selfish aims of men. It will inspire generations 
to come with noble ideals of unselfish living. It is a new 
example of the profound words of Jesus : "He that loseth his 
life shall find it." 

Let us note, then, wherein they failed and wherein they did 
not fail. They failed to establish the Southern Confederacy. 
Why ? For no other reason b»t this — God decreed otherwise. 
Yes, my comrades, the military genius of our commanders was 
not at fault, the valor of the Confederate armies was not at 
fault. ... It was the cause of liberty that fired their souls 
to do, to dare, and to die. They conceived that the Federal 
government was trampling on the liberties of the States, and 
they rose in their defense. It was the sacred heritage of Anglo- 
Saxon freedom, of local self-government won by Runnymede. 
that they believed in peril when they flew to arms as one man 
from the Potomac to the Rio Grande. They may have been 
right or they may have been wrong, but that was the issue they 



made. On that they stood. They died for the preservation of 
the supreme and sacred right of self-government. 

It is my belief that the close and candid student of public 
opinion in our country these forty years past will conclude 
that this protest of theirs has not been in vain. In spite of 
the historians who have misread the causes and the objects 
of the war on the part of the South, the fact that the Con 
federate soldiers and the people of the South made their su- 
perb struggle and their marvelous sacrifices for the right of 
local self-government has silently impressed the minds of 
the American people, with the result that that right has been 
steadily gaining in the strength of its hold upon the people of 
many of the States of the Union. Members of Congress from 
the South observe a great change in this respect in the senti- 
ments of their fellow-members from the North and the West. 
Moreover, the limitation of the authority of the general gov 
ernment to those powers distinctly delegated and the reserva- 
tion to the States of the powers not delegated has been af- 
firmed again and again by the Supreme Court since the war. 

So convinced am I of this that I make bold to predict that 
the future historian will say that while the armies of the 
North saved the Union from dissolution the armies of the 
South saved the rights of the States within the Union. Thus 
victor and vanquished will both be adjudged victorious; for 
if it is due to the Federal soldier that the Union is henceforth 
indissoluble, it is equally due to the Confederate soldier that 
this indissoluble Union is composed, and shall forever be com- 
posed, of indestructible States 

Yes, ye gallant defenders of our stainless Confederate ban- 
ner, ye did not die in vain ! Your deeds have cast a halo of 
glory over our Southern land which will only grow brighter 
as time advances. Your memory will be a priceless heritage 
which we will transmit to our children's children untarnished. 
None shall ever write "Traitor" over your graves unrebuked 
by us while God gives us the power of speech ! Farewell, 
brave comrades, farewell till the tryst of God beyond the river. 
The bugle has sounded "taps" over your graves. After all 
these years its pathetic notes still vibrate in our ears, reminding 
us that we shall sec your faces no more on earth. But we 
clasp your dear memory to our hearts to-day once more. Ye 
are "our dead ;" ours ye were in those stern years from i86i 
to i86s, when we marched and camped and battled side by 
side; "ours" by the sacred bond of a common consecration to 
a cause which was holy to us 



The Northwestern Division, U. D. C. — The third annual 
reunion of this Division of Confederate Veterans was held 
at Helena, Mont., on October 5. Owing to the active inter- 
est taken by the local organizations, the N. B. Forrest Camp, 
U. C. v., assisted by the Winnie Davis Chapter of the U. 
D. C, the meeting was the largest and most successful in 
every way that has yet been held in the Northwest Pressing 
invitations were sent to all Camps in the Northwest and to 
veterans living where there were no organizations. The rail- 
roads gave reduced rates, and a large crowd took advantage 
of them to attend the reunion. The business meeting was 
presided over by C. P. Blakeley, of Bozeman. Paul A. Fusz, 
of Philip'burg, was elected Major General commanding the 
Division, U. C. V., and George F. Ingram Commander of the 
Montana Brigade. At night the visiting Veterans and Daugh- 
ters were given an elegant reception by the local organization. 
Commander Fusz has appointed his staff, and will endeavor 
to have all veterans in the Northwest in organizations before 
the next reunion 



122 



Qopfederate Ueterai>. 



THE FIGHT AT CLINTON, LA. 

BY A. CURL, FIRST LIEUT. CO. C, ELE\'ENTH ARKANSAS INFANTRY. 

During the last days of April, 1863, Col. Grierson, com- 
mander of the Sixth Illinois Cavalry, made a memorable raid 
from Memphis, Tenn., south through the State of Mississippi, 
to Baton Rouge, La. 

The Eleventh and Seventeenth Arkansas Infantry were part 
of the garrison at Port Hudson. There was a small cavalry 
force doing outpost duty in East Louisiana and South Missis- 
sippi, ranging from twenty to fifty miles out from Port Hud- 
son. This little detachment was commanded by Col. George 
Gantt, of Tennessee. It was composed of Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, and Louisiana troops, and with it was also a small field 
battery, commanded by Capt. Roberts. When the news of 
Grierson's raid reached Port Hudson, Gen. Gardner, in com- 
mand at that place, sent some troops out to different points, 
with a view to cutting off Grierson's advance. Col. Miles, of 
Louisiana, was sent with what was known as Miles's Legion 
to the Amite River bridge. The Eleventh and Seventeenth 
Arkansas Regiments were sent to Clinton, a small town about 
twenty miles from Port Hudson. Col. John Logan, of Arkan- 
sas, was the senior colonel, and commanded the detachment. 
Grierson did not touch Clinton, but went by way of the Amite 
bridge, reaching that place and effecting a crossing before 
Miles got there, and Col. Gantt failed to catch up with Grier- 
sop during his passage through the country. 

Miles, with his legion, returned to Port Hudson; but the 
two Arkansas regiments left in the country were consolidated 
with the cavalry of Col. Gantt and Roberts's Battery, and 
Col. Logan was placed in command of the entire force. The 
Eleventh and Seventeenth Arkansas Regiments were consoli- 
dated and commanded by Col. Griffith ; while Col. Powers, of 
Arkansas, had command of the cavalry and Capt. Roberts 
the battery. 

On the 3d of June Logan's force was encamped about a mile 
north of Clinton, off the road that leads to Port Hudson. 
About three o'clock in the afternoon "Boots and sad- 
dles" was sounded. Grierson had come out from Banks's 
army, and was approaching Clinton. A run was made for 



Clinton, and, passing through the town, we met the Federals 
on the opposite side, sheltered behind the banks of a creek. 
We went in under fire, and an engagement ensued which lasted 
for perhaps an hour and a half. Col. Powers, with the 
mounted men, eventually turned the enemy's left, and they 
retreated southward, followed by our forces. About a mile 
from where the retreat and pursuit began there was a creek, 
across which the Port Hudson road passed over a bridge. 

In making their way through the underbrush, our front 
line became scattered, some wading the creek, others crossing 
on the bridge. Company C, of which the writer was first 
lieutenant, was in the wagon road just behind Capt. Green's 
company, of the same regiment. Just beyond the bridge the 
Federals had unlimbered a piece of artillery, with which and 
some small arms they were sweeping the bridge. Company C 
came up, and Capt. Burke, of our company, ordered us to 
cross, which we did in double-quick. Sergeant William Curl 
was the first to cross, and Capt. Burke the next. An effort 
was made to capture the enemy's gun, but they succeeded in 
getting it away before we reached it. Half a mile farther on 
the Federals halted again in an open field, with a lane running 
through it, and formed a line of battle. We were ordered to 
form on the right and left of the lane and advance. Acting 
on this order, I jumped over the rail fence on the left side 
of the lane and started up through the field just as the 
Federals opened fire on us with small arms and artillery, to 
which we replied promptly. 

At the time I crossed the fence and started forward through 
the field Sergeants Curl and Mason Speer started up the 
lane. After going about eighty yards, I looked around to see 
the condition of things, and discovered that I was alone. 
The line of battle had been formed at the fence, and all the 
fighting from the Confederate side was being done from there. 
When the writer found himself alone, between two fires, he 
went back to that fence, and it is useless to say that he went 
in a hurry. Curl and Speer found themselves in the same 
predicament, liaving gone even farther toward the enemy 
before discovering their mistake. The fight continued sharp 
and hot for perhaps twenty or thirty minutes, when the 






JEN. JOS. E. JOHNSTON. 



GEN. W. J. HAKDEE. 
From photographs made before the Confederate War. 



GEN. ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



123 



Federals again retreated, and were pursued by the mounted 
portion of the Confederates some distance toward Port Hud- 
son. Our regiment lost some good men, killed and wounded. 
It was one of those small, red-hot engagements, something 
more than a skirmish, but not of sufficient importance to be 
called a battle, of which there were thousands during the war. 



THAT FIGHT AT FORT GILMER. 

BY W. A. FLANIGAN, COMPANY G, FIFTEENTH CEORCIA INFANTRY. 

In the June Veteran George Reese, of Pensacola, Fla.. 
gives an account of some desperate fighting done by five Con- 
federate soldiers in a fort near Petersburg that he thinks was 
called Fort Gilmer. In the December Veteran Dr. May, of 
Te.xas, in reply to this article, says he was one of the five 
men referred to by Gen. Reese. 

I do not contradict either of these gentlemen, for there may 
have been more than one Fort Gilmer; but the time, place, and 
circumstances they mention so nearly accord with incidents 
participated in by the regiment to which I belonged tliat 1 
make a statement. 

I was a member of the Fifteenth Georgia Infantry, Ben- 
ning's Brigade. When we were occupying the first line that 
Comrade May speaks of, the Texas Brigade was on our left. 
After we abandoned this position to re-form on the inner line 
and occupy the forts I do not know where it was, neither do 
I know where the rest of our brigade (Benning's) was except 
tlie Second Georgia. When we fell back to the iimer line, half 
of my regiment, about thirty-five or forty of us, occupied Fort 
Gilmer and the other half went into a little fort, a hundred 
and fifty or two hundred yards to our left, called Fort Fields. 
On o\.n right, three or four hundred yards distant, was another 
little fort (I do not remember the name) occupied by some 
sixty men of the Second Georgia of our brigade. I do not 
know the location of the rest of our brigade, but I do know 
that the Fifteenth Georgia occupied Fort Gilmer and Fort 
Fields and the Second Georgia occupied the other little fort on 
the right of Fort Gilmer, as already stated. After we repulsed 
the attack on Fort Gilmer ten or twelve of us ran across to 
Fort Fields and helped the boys drive the enemy back from 
that point. About that time they made a rush at the little fort 
on our right, occupied by the Second Georgia, and sonic of 
our regiment started to help the Second ; but before they 
reached the fort the fight was over, and the prisoners were 
comin.g in. Now there may have been but five men in the 
fort (Gilmer), as Gen. Reese and Comrade May state; but 
there were between thirty-five and forty men. with hot, smok- 
ing guns, in the Fort Gilmer that I was in. 

There were only sixty-odd men in the Second Georgia, but 
they whipped a brigade of the enemy that day, capturing many 
prisoners, amongst them a major who, after seeing the small 
force opposed to him, asked Col. Shepherd if they were all 
the men he had ; and when informed that they were he said 
if the Colonel would put him on the outside and give him only 
the men captured he would have the fort in a few moments. 

We were sent from the Crater just the night before the 
blow up (a close miss) over to Richmond for local defense 
and to recruit the brigade, which did not have as many men 
in it then as some of the regiments formerly had ; for in- 
stance, the Fifteenth Georgia carried into the fight at Gettys- 
burg nine hundred muskets, and we came out with four hun- 
dred and fifty. 

There are quite a number of these old fellows yet living 
who will verify my statement as to the fight at Fort Gilmer. 
True history is what we want: no more, no less. 



MONUMENT TO FAITHFUL SLAVES. 

At a recent meeting of the J. Harvey Mathews Chapter, 
U. D. C, of Memphis, Tenn.. Miss Mary M. Solari read a 
strong and pathetic paper, advocating the erection of a monu- 
ment to the faithful old slaves who remained loyal and true 
lo their owners in the dark days of the sixties and on through 
the infamous reconstruction period. After referring to an 
article tiiat appeared in the November Veteran from a cor- 
respondent averse to building such a monument, she says in 
part ; 

"In the hearts of the mighty fallen is deep rooted the feel- 
ing of inextinguishable gratitude to the loyal slaves to whose 
care the women and children were intrusted during the entire 
period of the War between the States. It is a sentiment thai 
still remains smoldering in the souls of those who owned 
them. To those slaves who watched the fireside, tilled the 
soil, helped spin, weave, and make raiment for the master and 
sons on the battlefield — to those slaves who protected and pro- 
vided for the families at home is due a monument that will tell 
the story to coming generations that cannot be taught the les- 
son of self-sacrifice and devotion of the slave in any other way. 
If a time is ever ripe for a noble deed, now is that time, 
for the grand, courteous Southern slave owner is fast passing 
away; and to erect the monument would be to hand down to 
posterity an open book, in which our Southern children can 
learn that every negro is no 'black fiend.' The North would 
not understaTid the sentiment. Of course not. 

"Erecting this monument would influence for good the pres- 
ent and coming generations, and prove that the people of the 
South who owned slaves valued and respected their good 
qualities as no one else ever did on will do. It would bespeak 
the real conception of the affection of the owner toward the 
slave and refute the slanders and falsehoods published in 
'Uncle Tom's Cabin.' 

"There did exist in the days of trial and hardship not only 
a perfect understanding but the kindest sympathy, and in 
thousands of plantations and homes where every white male 
on the place able to bear arms would go to the battlefield 
the helpless families of women and children were left entirely 
to the care and protection of the trusted slaves. 

"This monument would have great effect as a proof of the 
feeling of gratitude that centers the hearts of Southern people 
from the sixties to the present day, and would link ages of 
the past to the coming years, when our grandchildren and 
theirs in turn would stop to inquire the meaning of it and 
the motive that prompted its erection, learning therefrom 
truths in the history of the Southern States and from a truth- 
ful source. 

"The 'Moiuiment to the Blacks' would not only tell the 
traditions, romance, poetry, and picturesqueness of the South, 
but would speak the pathetic scenes enacted in many grand 
old Southern homesteads. No one who was rocked to sleep 
by the sweet lullaby of the faithful black 'mammy,' listened 
to her weird ghost stories, nursed at her breast, or played 
about her cabin door would ever be willing to have these 
tender memories die out. There is the side of sentiment, the 
side of gratitude, that those who have felt the touch can 
never give up, nor can they forget the debt due the faithful 
'ten per cent of slaves that remained with their masters after 
freedom.' 

"If 'this is not the time for ereamg monuments to the old 
slaves,' one will never be erected, for the men,. and women 
who hold them in tender rcinembrance will ere long be called 
to a greater reward, and they alone can fully underst' .o the 



124 



(Confederate l/e'2rap. 



motive of such a work and the necessity to leave a mark by 
which their children's children may perpetuate the heroic 
deeds of the slaves who were devoted and true to their 
ancestors in times of deadliest peril. Ersct the monument; 
it will result in much good, as it will tell future generations 
that the white men of the South were the negro's best friends 
then and that the men of the South are the negro's best 
friends to-day. 

"Instances portraying the fidelity of the slaves might be 
told to fill endless volumes, and would recite the sweetest 
stories of heartfelt devotion, the most unselfish acts, prompted 
by pure love; self-forgetting, they would sacrifice comfort — 
yea, even go hungry — and with a smile serve those to whom 
they felt an undying fealty. They could not express all they 
felt, but for mammy's 'girl' or 'boy' they could work and 
suffer and teach a blessed lesson of endurance and glorified 
fortitude ; for, as Miss Dromgoole so sweetly expresses it : 

Her face is as black as ebon 

Wrinkled and seamed and old ; 
But her heart, I know, is as white as snow, 

And true as the rarest gold. 

Her brown hands, old and feeble 

With touch of the passing years. 
Would banish each trace of care from my face 

And brush from my heart the tears. 

Mammy and friend, I loved her, 

Humble and all unfamed ; 
But I love to trace in her love tlie face 

That robber years have claimed. 

Her face is as black as ebon. 

Her soul as fair as the day ; 
And her prayers, I know, wherever I go, 

Will follow me all the way.' " 



THE "COON" WAS EXCHANGED. 

BY G. B. G.^RWOOD, BELLEFONTAINE, OHIO. 

About September lo, 1862, a number of us were sent from 
Camp Douglas on exchange over the Illinois Central rail- 
road to Cairo. From there we were to go by boat to a point 
near Vicksburg. Shortly after we were placed on board the 
boat some of my comrades said they had captured a pet 
coon, and invited me to go and take a look at him. I did so, 
and found it was a two-legged "coon" and as black a one as 
I ever saw. The boys had found him hid in a coal bin, and, 
upon investigation, learned that he had early in the war run 
away from his master, made his way North, and after "en- 
joying" his freedom for some months was tired of the luxury, 
and penniless and friendless was trying to beat his way back 
home to "old marster and mistis." We divided our rations 
of raw bacon and hard-tack with him, and advised him to 
stick close to the coal bin, for, as he was about the same color, 
he was less likely to be discovered there. 

An hour or two before reaching our destination I overheard 
a heated controversy between the officer in command of the 
prisoners and the captain of the boat about a barrel of whisky 
concealed in the barroom. From the conversation I learned 
the location of the barrel. I didn't wait to hear the con- 
clusion of the controversy, but reported what I had heard 
to one or two of my friends. One of them secured a brace 
and bit from the old carpenter of the boat, who was so kindly 
disposed toward us as not to ask any questions, and on the 



second a'ttenipt, after boring through the thm partition, we 
struck tlie barrel and — well, it is only necessary to say that 
in a short time we had it drained as far down as it would leak 
out. The boat was soon after tied up at the point we were to 
be exchanged. We had arranged to pass our coon out on the 
name of a Confederate who died in line, and, notwithstand- 
ing we had braced him up with a drink or two out of the 
leaky barrel, his heart failed him at the last moment, and he 
refused to answer when the dead man's name v\as called. 
As it happened, my name came next to our dead comrade's, 
and the darky and I were standing side by side. When this 
name was called the second time I answered, and gave the 
"coon" a push that sent him between the crossed muskets of 
the guards standing at the edge of the stage plank. The of- 
ficer looked surprised, and asked if that was his name. "Of 
course it is," I answered ; "but he is as deaf as a post." 1 
don't think the negro made a halt after I pushed him, for 
when he struck the bank he made straight for the woods, and 
the last we saw of 1 im he was going at top speed. If any of 
my old comrades are living who were on that exchange with 
me, I should be glad to hear from them. 



THIRTY-SEVENTH VIRGINIA INFANTRY AGAIN. 

BY C. B. PRICE, HANSONVILLE, VA. 

Please correct a statement made in the January Veteran 
by Comrade W. C. Tyler, of Kansas City, in a sketch of the 
Thirty-Seventh Virginia Infantry. He says : "The regiment 
was made up largely from the counties of Washington, Scott, 
and Tazewell, Southwestern Va." 

I was a member of this regiment. It was composed of five 
companies from Washington County, commanded by Capts. 
John Terry, William White, James White, George Graham, 
and — — Grant ; three companies from Russell County, com- 
manded by Capts. J. F. McElhaney, Samuel Hurst, and John 
Kendrick ; one company from Lee County, Capt. Gibson ; and 
one from Scott County, Capt. Wood. These are the original 
company commanders as I remember them. I simply write 
to claim recognition for our Russell and Lee County boys, 
who Comrade Tyler omitted to mention as members of Stone- 
wall Jackson's foot cavalry, who followed their immortal 
commander from Kernstown to the night of his death, at 
Chancellorsville, then under Jeb Stewart, next "Old Jubal" 
Early, and at Appomattox under our beloved Gen. John B. 
Gordon. 

Comrade Tyler gives a correct account of the services of 
the regiment as near as I can remember it after a lapse of 
forty years. 

I hope all of our old comrades who are able will comply 
with his request to subscribe for the Veteran, and get others 
to do likewise. We did our duty well when, as soldiers, we 
helped to make the glorious history of the Confederacy, and 
it is none the less our duty now to encourage and sustain its 
publication. The future historian will look to the cold facts 
and figures of the statistician for his information as to the 
disadvantages we were under and the great odds we had to 
fight; but to feel the warm heart beats of the Confederacy 
and understand the feelings that prompted the suffering, en- 
durance, devotion, and heroism of the sons and daughters 
of the South from 1861 to 1865 he must turn to the pages of 
the Confederate Veteran. It is a duty we owe, not only to 
ourselves and our dead comrades but to our posterity, to 
sustain tliis publication "while it is yet light," for the shadows 
are fast gathering around us. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



126 



A "YANK" VISITS THE SOUTH 

BY E. EBERHARD, AKRON, OHIO. 

My trip of several weeks through the South proved one of 
the most interesting and pleasant episodes of my life. Know- 
ing the proverbial geniality of Southern people, I had antici- 
pated a fairly good time among them while looking over my 
old campaign and battlefields, unless perchance some one in 
certain localities should find out my former regimental rela- 
tions and confront me with some musty old bills for chickens 
and other sundries that had been overlooked by us in our 
hurry to keep ahead of Gen. Forrest's cavalry. I was well 
pleased, however, that the old bills were forgotten and old 
scores buried. I met with most cordial greetings everywhere, 
and was the recipient of many courtesies at the hands of 
your people, especially the old Confederate veterans. I am 
free to admit that I am very much in love with the South. 

It gave me no less pleasure to see general prosperity, good 
cheer, and progress in every direction. I observed with real 
satisfaction how your people have under way the solution of 
the serious and perplexing problems confronting them with 
so much level-headed practical wisdom and energy. No fair- 
minded oliserver who has the least idea of the magnitude of 
tlie difficulties in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of 
your social fabric upon a new basis can fail to rejoice in 
the progress already made — your public schools open to all 
children, the ballot box open to all alike under similar con- 
ditions, and the rights of property and person guaranteed to 
all alike by the laws of your States. 

I am profoundly convinced that the genuine efforts of the 
South to bring order out of the chaotic condition into which 
the vicissitudes of a disastrous war and the more disastrous 
blundering of politicians had plunged their States merits the 
best wishes and cooperation of every good and patriotic citi- 
zen of our beloved America. It would be a blessed event in 
our country's history if those of the North and the South 
who faced each other upon the field of battle would, with 
others of like mind, come closer together and learn each 
other's conditions, difficulties, and needs This could not 
fail to promote the good will necessary to a rational solution 
of questions that seem to threaten interminable controversy. 



In this connection it is well for us Yankees, when we 
become excited and raise our hands in holy horror at what 
we think is quite terrible in some of the social and economic 
institutions of the North, that we have a few bosses that 
are not angels and a few regrettable events taking place right 
here on our own enlightened Western reserve, notwithstand- 
ing we have no social conditions to contend with. 

The War between the States, its long duration and the in- 
tense struggle, instead of fostering malice, has created the live- 
liest interest in me for the South and its people. My growing 
conviction of late years tliat the Southern people were willing 
and most able, because best informed, to handle all questions 
of especial interest to them and their section was fully vindi- 
cated by what I saw on my recent visit among them. 



WANTS TO LOCATE HIS "JOHNNIE" 
Mr. James W. Dotson, of the Federal National Soldiers' 
Home at Johnson City. Tenn., writes : "I read the Confed- 
F.RATE Veteran with much interest, for we old fellows on 
opposite sides during the war whose business it was to give 
and take hard knocks learned to have a wholesome respect 
and admiration for each other before we settled our 'family 
fuss.' It was my good fortune to render a little assistance 
to a wounded 'Johnnie,' a mere lad, at the battle of Nashville 
The nerve of the game little rascal so impressed me at the 
time that I've often wondered if he is living; if so, I should 
be glad to hear from him. It was the evening of December 
i6. Hood's army had given away. I was with Gen. A. J. 
Smith's Corps on our right (your left), and I think Gen 
Cheatham's troops were in the immediate front of the com- 
mand I belonged to. We had followed the retreating Con- 
federates out to the foothills. The day was dreary, which 
with the smoke of battle made the night come on quickly. 
Our front line had been relieved by fresh troops, and I was 
going to the rear, over the ground we had fought, with my 
command when my attention was attracted to a wounded 
Confederate unable to stand up. Examination showed he 
had been shot through the foot, the bullet crushing the bones 
nnd making a most painful wound. By having him swing on 
to my shoulder and use my gun for a crutch T succeeded 






ADMIRAL FRANKLIN BUCHANAN, 



HON. WILLIAM L. VANCL 
Statesman. 



HON. ALEX H. STEPHENS, 
Vice President. 



126 



Qopfederate l/eterai). 



at length in getting him over the hill, where our regimental 
surgeon was attending to some of our boys the Johnnie's 
had 'tagged' that evening. I soon had him engaged in pick- 
ing the shattered bone out of my young prisoner's foot, and 
saw that he was made as comfortable as practicabfe for the 
night before leaving him. I think he was taken to Nashville 
next day, but I've never seen or heard of him since. While 
this was nothing more than an act of humanity that any 
man should have done, yet it afforded me special satisfaction, 
as it enabled me to get even with the 'Johnnies,' for I had, 
a short time before, been captured by some of Gen. Forrest's 
men and treated with the greatest kindness." 



IVHO CAPTURED THE NEGRO FLAG? 

BY G. T. CULLINS, CALEDONIA, ARK. 

Just after the Nashville reunion I wrote an article on our 
second campaign to Nashville, in which I gave an account 
of the battle there as I saw it. I stated that my regiment 
(Eighteenth Alabama Infantry) captured the Thirteenth 
United States Colored Infantry flag with this inscription : 
"Presented by the Colored Ladies of Murfreesboro." 

Comrade Carpenter, of Eutaw, Ala., states in the January 
Veteran that I confused an incident. He says that he was 
in command of the Thirty-Sixth Alabama Regiment, and 
that Capt. Knox, of Company B, was on his extreme right; 
that after the firing had somewhat ceased and the negroes 
began to retreat, Knox, seeing the color bearer still standing 
at his post, jumped over the breastworks, caught up one of 
the enemy's guns, shot the color bearer, and captured the flag, 
designating it as the same by the inscription. There were 
very few negroes who retreated in our front, and none were 
at their post when the firing ceased ; for we fired as long as 
there was anything standing to shoot at. When the firing 
ceased, Lieut. Page, who was adjutant of our regiment at 
the time, leaped over the stone fence and picked up the flag, 
which was lying a few feet in our front. The bearer was 
then dead, as were nearly all of his comrades. Lieut. Page 
was shot down by a cross fire from the left a few moments 
after he crossed back over the stone fence. I was in a few 
feet of this flag when it was picked up, and had my hands 
on it just after it was brought in. Now it has been forty 
years, and I have talked with many old comrades who were 
witnesses, but I never heard the matter questioned before. 

Comrade Huffman, of Bessemer, Ala., who was a member 
of Company G, Eighteenth Alabama Regiment, was present 
at the stone fence engagement, and corroborates my state- 
ment in the September Veteran, relating that he mentioned 
the incident to Gen. S. D. Lee at the Nashville reunion, and 
that he said he remembered it distinctly. Comrade L. B. 
Thweatt, of Sulphur Springs, Tex., a messmate of mine, was 
with me at the Nashville reunion, and we visited this historic 
spot together and talked the matter over concerning the cap- 
tured flag and corroborated each other's memory. Comrade 
Carpenter also states that while camped at Columbia Gen. 
Clayton sent for this flag. Now my recollection is that our 
brigade did not go back by Columbia, but turned aside below 
Franklin and moved out by Pulaski. 

I should like for Comrades Thweatt, Huffman, and all 
others who remember the facts to speak out and verify or 
contradict my statement. 

Gen. Forrest Said : "Go It, Little One !"— Capt. C. F. Jar- 
rett, of Hopkinsville, Ky., who was a member of Gen. Bu- 
ford's staff, writes : "I have read with much interest Henry 
Ewell Hord's articles in the Veteran about Gen Forrest's 



fight at Brice's Cross Roads, and corroborate all he says about 
Lyon's Brigade, for Gen. Buford had loaned me to Gen. Lyon 
that day to serve as his aid-de-camp. But Hord fails to men- 
tion an incident, either from modesty of his courage or vanity 
of his appearance, that I heard and witnessed during the 
fight. The Third Kentucky, as he states, had been drilled 
and served as infantry until they were assigned to Forrest, 
and evidently thought they could do no good fighting on 
horseback. It was after Morton's Battery had joined us at 
Brice's Cross Roads, and we had just started the Yankees 
on the go, that Gen. Forrest rode up to Hord's regiment 
(the Third Kentucky) and was cursing them into shape to 
charge on horseback in order to overtake and capture as 
many prisoners as possible, when Hord, mounted on a little 
dun-colored mustang, rode around in front of the line near 
Forrest. His hat was gone, and his white head glittered in 
the sunshine like a ball of silver; his face, as smooth as a 
girl's and as red as a beet, was streaked with sweat and 
dirt; a liberal part of his gray shirt (he had no jacket) had 
worked out over the waistband of his pants and fluttered 
over the cantle of his saddle. He looked to be about fifteen 
or sixteen years old, just the right age not to be afraid of 
anything on earth. I was sitting on my horse near Gen. For- 
rest when Hord and his mustang came around to the front. 
He was pegging away at the Yankees as fast as he could 
shoot, oblivious of the fact that old Bedford was near or 
that he had attracted his attention, until the General shouted, 
'Go it, little one I' and the 'little one' went. I've seen him 
but once in nearly forty years, but will carry in my mind 
as long as I live the ludicrous but game picture of the white- 
headed, dirty-faced boy at Brice's Cross Roads." 



"CAPTURED" CAPT. M. S. COCKRILL. 

BY E. m'iVER, NASHVILLE, TENN. 

The autumn of 1862 was ideal and especially acceptable to 
the foot-sore soldiers of Gen. Bragg's army, as they had left 
Chattanooga to march across the States of Tennessee and 
Kentucky to meet Gen. Buell and Gen. Thomas at a point out 
of Louisville. 

While on this campaign into Kentucky we were in camp 
at Bryantsville, a few miles from Perryville, and a short time 
before that great battle known as the "Battle of Perryville." 
A Mr. Robinson, claiming to be a Southern sympathizer, a 
farmer living only a few miles away, visited our camp quite 
frequently, and we became well acquainted. He invited 
Capt. M. S. Cockrill and myself to spend a night with him. 
As that section of Kentucky was very much mixed in senti- 
ment, and as it was infested with roving bands of independent 
thieves and cutthroats who claimed to be soldiers, though 
then in hiding, we hesitated about accepting. 

However, we concluded to accept Mr. Robinson's invitation 
to spend a night with him. He had a brother, a man of high 
rank (Dick Robinson) in the Federal army; but we satisfied 
ourselves of the sincerity of our new friend, and felt we 
would meet a welcome and protection, so far as he was con- 
cerned. We scrubbed and brushed up ourselves as best we 
could, mounted our freshly groomed horses, and, just before 
the sun went down, we started out across the country to find 
Mr. Robinson's home. It was off the public road. The coun- 
try was hilly and the route quite bewildering. We could not 
but think of bushwhackers and what an advantage such a 
section of country gave them. The moon came out bright, 
the air was fresh, and, after some confusion, we struck the 
road to the home of our host. We were welcomed with 
"old Kentucky hospitality." Mr. Robinson lived in a large 



Qopfederatc l/eterai>. 



127 



two-story house, which was lighted, and very soon we were 
presented to his family, receiving a welcome on all sides that 
put us at ease. 

I will not attempt to describe the bountiful repast that 
awaited us in the supper room and how we enjoyed it. Later, 
we were sitting upon the piazza, with his family around. We 
were listening to the many incidents of horror that had hap- 
pened through that section and the mountainous district, a 
clay's journey away, before Gen. Bragg's army had made its 
appearance. We had left our arms in camp, and it was 
straggling parties like ours that these fellows looked for. 

Suddenly Mr. Robinson sprang to his feet, listened, ana 
■ then walked out in the yard in front of his house to investi- 
gate further. Coming back quickly, he said : "Gentlemen, 
I hear horses. Some one is coming this way. There are 
several, and they are riding rapidly, too." 

A thousand thoughts crowded across my mind, it seemed. 
all at once. Were wc trapped, betrayed, given, or sold to the 
enemy? Our horses were stabled, and to reach them we would 
have to go in the direction of the approaching party. Then, if 
we were not betrayed and our host were true to us, it was our 
duty to stand by him in case of an invasion ; but what good 
could we do? We had left our arms in camp out of respect 
to Mr. Robinson. There was nothing to do but face the enemy 
or take to the woods afoot. 

Mr. Robinson and his family were all alert and uneasily 
walking and watching down the lane that led up to the house, 
the very picture of concern. Capt. Cockrill and I put on a 
bold front, stood in their midst, and talked as coolly as our 
voices would allow. I could not resist the temptation to 
look over the back way out of the house into the woods near 
by, but took care to let no one suspect what I was up to. 
Never before did I so long for my side arms and censure 
myself for allowing even respect to my host to induce me to 
leave them behind. I never before felt so helpless. The 
horses didn't come in sight until they were almost at the front 
gate, and they came in a run. 'Twas then my heart beat so 
hard that I was afraid Mr. Robinson's daughter or wife, 
standing close by, would hear it. The dust cleared away. 
when all at once two girls drew up, and, throwing their reins 
to a young boy they had with them as an escort, jumped ofl 
their horses, and. holding up their long riding skirts, came 
running in, laughing, talking, and crying all at once from the 
excitement of their venture. 

I could have fallen down and worshiped them. 1 never 
wanted to embrace strangers as badly before. We were all 
greatly at ease quite soon, and, after refreshing themselves, 
the girls were quickly in the parlor, and we exchanged ad- 
ventures. They told us how they got away from their homes 
in Lancaster, about ten miles distant, to make this visit and 
he near the Southern army, and we told them how they 
scared us. One, the leader, was a Miss Letcher, a near rela- 
tive of Gov. Letcher, of Kentucky, and. as might have been 
expected, a dashing, tall, graceful young woman full of patri- 
otism and fire. The other — a cousin, if memory serves me 
right, and not quite so handsome — I have forgotten her name 
The two made a team to attract in any crowd. They had 
captured their young kinsman, a mere boy, and. well mounted, 
they led the way to Mr. Robinson's (a friend of their family) 
by moonlight, riding rapidly for ten miles. 

We all collected around a table, with a bright light hang- 
ing from the ceiling overhead. It was our opportunity to scan 
the features of the new arrivals. It's enough to say Kentucky 
never fails in producing thoroughbreds, and this attempt was 
not an exception Miss Lotrhor was the star, if either She 



led in intelligent dash, looks, and repartee; and from the way 
Capt. Cockrill turned red in the face and then white I 
knew every minute that his props were giving way, and that 
he had not only been surprised but captured, heart and body. 
It was a feast for us seldom encountered ; as Capt. Cockrill 
said : "It was intoxicating." 

It was late when we said good night. It was an evening 
long to be remembered, and I knew from the way Capt. Cock- 
rill kept squeezing my hand all night that he was still 
frightened — or something else. We left next morning early, 
after making many promises to return and enroll both of the 
young ladies in the Southern army, each preferring the artil- 
lery service with us. 

Alas ! Alas ! Unfortunately, orders came to advance ; and 
then the memorable battle of Perryville is history, history. 
with its many casualties and much suffering. Three more 
days and a retreat was sounded, which meant back across the 
State by way of Crab Orchard, Lancaster, Rock Castle Gap. 
and into Tennessee again via Cumberland Gap. This route 
took us through Lancaster, and as the sun rose and fell upon 
everything that sad but beautiful day, with heads bowed in 
humiliation, we cast our eyes about, and who should we see. 
with hands waving and calling as we passed along the streets 
nf Lancaster — many, but none so beautiful as our newly made 
young lady friends. Lancaster was their home, and as Capt. 
Cockrill held long and firmly the hand of one the tears fell 
fast and furiously down his cheeks. Another capture had 
been made, and Miss Letcher was a prisoner. The meeting 
was brief, hardly time for pledges, as the enemy was pressing 
us ; but looks spoke volumes. The order to forward had to 
be obeyed. I looked and Capt. Cockrill caught my eye, turned 
red behind the ears, and waved a last, long farewell. Such 
was the fate of war They never met again. 



SAVED BY HIS BIBLE. 

Comrade Edwin C. Rice, of Henderson. Tex., sends to the 
Veteran another incident where a Bible saved the life of 
its owner in battle. W. G. Norwood was a member of Com- 
pany D, Fifth Texas Infantry, Hood's Brigade. .\t the battle 
of Malvern Hill a large rifle ball struck him in the breast 
over the heart, went through his clothing, struck the little 
leather-covered Bible he had in his pocket, penetrated through 
the book to the fifth Psalm, and lodged immediately over the 
eleventh and twelfth verses, which read : "But let all those 
that put their trust in thee rejoice : let them ever shout for 
joy, because thou defendest them : let them also that love 
thy name be joyful in thee. For thou. Lord, wilt bless the 
righteous ; with favor wilt thou compass him as with a shield." 

The ball did not tear or even scratch the leaf on which the 
verses were printed and over which it lodged. Mr. Norwood, 
who is still living, has never allowed the ball to be removed 
from his little Bible except to let friends read the verses it 
almost entirely covers. 



HANDSOME MONUMENT AT SUFFOLK. VA. 

BY J. RANDOLPH SMITH, HENDERSON, N. C. 

At Suffolk, Va., the handsomest monument in the Cedar 
Hill Cemetery is dedicated to all Confederate soldiers, and 
was unveiled the 14th of November. 1889. It \Cas erected by 
one man, and is therefore of the greater interest to "the men 
who wore the gray" and all who stand for them. 

Cedar Hill Cemetery is beautiful. It is terraced, and the 
grass is kept .smooth, the trees are trimmed, and it is kept in 



128 



Qoi>federat(^ l/eterar?. 



perfect order. In May, when the writer saw it, the ground 
war yellow with buttercups, covering the sleepers with n 
blanket of gold. 

One of the favorite sayings of the man who erected this 
monument is : "When I hear a man being praised and honors 
given him, I always want to know his wife, for no man ever 
accomplishes any great thing without the aid of some great 
woman — his wife or his mother." He says to-day that but for 
his dear little wife that monument would not be standing now. 
When he first thought of the monument he told her that he 
was going to leave money in his will to erect a handsome me- 
morial to his comrades, and it was she who said: "Why not 
give the monument now, while you can .supervise the work 
and have it done exactly as you would have it?" So with her 
help he did erect the monument, and it is a credit to him, to 
her, to the men in whose honor it is given, and to the town 
and State. 

Generally men give large sums when it can do them no 
more good : but this man, who is not rich as wealth is 
counted now, gave of what he had. All who know him delight 
in showing him honor. The Confederate Camp at Suffolk is 
the Tom Smith Camp, and he has been Grand Commander 
of the Grand Camp of Virginia. 

Many towns and cities have asked him to deliver ad- 
dresses on Memorial Days. It was in his speech at Ports- 
mouth, Va., that the memorable words were spoken: "I am 
one of the men whose proudest boast is : 'I followed Lee.' " 



His own private lot is just across the path from the Con- 
federate monument, and here his dear little wife is sleeping, 
and he hopes to rest by her side eventually until he is called 
with others "who have fought a good fight" to the "roll call 
up yonder." 

The inscriptions on the monument were written by Pr 
Beverly Tucker, of Norfolk, Va. 
On the south side : 

"This shaft on which we carve no name 
Shall guide Virginia's youth, 
A signpost on the road to fame. 

To honor, and to truth. 
A silent sentry, let it stand 

To guard through coming time 
Their graves wlio died for native land 
And duty most sublime." 
On the north side : 

"With shouts above the battle's roar 
They joined the legions gone before 
They bravely fought, they bravely fell ; 
They wore the gray, and wore it well." 
On the west side : 
"Erected by Thomas W. Smith in memory of his comrades. 
The Confederate dead." 



From Photographs Secured During the Sixties 
Daughters of Mrs. Felicia Grundy Porter. 



bv 





LIEUT. GEN. LEONIDAS POLK. MAJ. GEN. B. F. CHEATHAM. 




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UK1<7. L,EN. \V. R. N. BE.\LL. 



BRIG. l^LN. o. \\'. GORDON. 



DIXIE. 
The Song, the Sentiment, the Country. 
Created by a nation's glee. 
With jests and songs and revelry 
We sang it in our early pride 
Throughout our Southern borders wide. 
While from ten thousand throats rang out 
A promise in one glorious shout : 
"To live or die for Dixie !" 

How well that promise was redeemed 
Is witnessed by each field where gleamed 
Victorious, like the crest of Mars, 
The banner of the stars and bars. 
The cannons lay our warriors low ; 
We fill the ranks and onward go, 
"To live or die for Dixie!" 

To die for Dixie? O how blest 
Are those who early went to rest, 
Nor knew the future's awful store. 
But deemed the cause they fought for sure 
As heaven itself, and so laid down 
The cross of earth for glory's crown. 
And nobly died for Dixie ! 

To live for Dixie? harder part; 
To stay the hand, to still the heart. 
To stay the lips, enshroud the past. 
To have no future all o'ercast. 
To knit life's broken thread again 
.'\nd keep her memory free from stain — 
This is to live for Dixie. 

Beloved land, beloved song, 
Thy thrilling power shall last as long. 
Enshrined within each Southern soul, 
As Time's eternal ages roll I 
Made holier by the test of years, 
Baptized with our country's tears — 
God and the right for Dixie. 



Qopfederate l/eterai>. 



129 



CAREER OF LIEUT. COL. D. B. L.-iiW,. 

Dr. David Berkley Lang was born January 31, 1831, near 
Bridgeport, Harrison County. Va. He spent his youtli on his 
lather's farm and attended the country schools. 

He was married August 24, 1851, to Elizabeth Powell, of 
Taylor County, to whom eight children were born — six sons 
and two daughters. Two of the sons died in infancy, and the 
other children all lived to rear families of their own. Dr. 
Lang settled at Fairview, Taylor County, Va., where he en- 
gaged in the mercantile business for a few years ; but sub- 
sequently built a flouring mill near by, which he operated 
until the spring of 1859, when he exchanged his mill property 
for a farm in Barbour County, three miles from Belington. 

In 1861 he was living upon his farm and enjoying a lucra- 
tive practice of medicine. In May he voted against the or- 
dinance of secession; and, while opposed to slavery as an 
institution, he was a warm Southern sympathizer, and when 
Virginia seceded he cast his fortune with the South, helicv 
uig in allegiance to his State. 

Gen. R. S. Garnett had, early in the sunnner of 1801, forli- 
lied a position one mile and a half east of Belington, on the 
road that leads from Philippi to Beverly, with a force of 
forty-five hundred men. Dr. Lang often visited this camp, 
and became acquainted with Gen. Garnett and his officers. 
On Sunday morning, July 8, he had gone to the camp, and 
Gen. McClellan had ordered Gen. Thomas A. Morris to move 
from Philippi with his forces to attack Gen. Garnett at his 
position at the foot of Laurel Hill; but the object of this 
move was to hold Garnett in check until McClellan could sur- 
round and capture the Confederate forces on Rich Mountain. 
As there was considerable skirmishing between the forces, 
Dr. Lang took his first lessons in real war. He secured a 
gun and exchanged several shots with the enemy. A sugar 
tree on the farm of P. C. Booth that shielded him contained 
marks of the enemy's balls that could be seen for years. He 
concealed in a hollow chestnut stump an officer's saddle, 
some blankets, and o'.'ier trinkets, that remained until some 
months after, when he came home and brought them in. After 
returning home, he soon mounted his horse and, taking hi.'; 
double-barreled shotgun, followed the retreating Confederate 
forces, which he ovtrtook in the vicinity of Corrick's Ford, 
in Tucker County, near where Gen. Garnett was killed. The 
Confederate army first retreated toward Beverly, but. finding 
their retreat cut off, went up Leading Creek and down 
Pleasant Run to Cheat River, making their way South by the 
"Red House," in Maryland, and through Hardy County, Va. 

Qai. Wm. L. Jackson engaged Dr. Lang as a scout after he 
went South, and while in this service he was in many close 
places with the enemy. While making .<;oiiie observations of 
ihe Federal fortifications on Cheat Mountain (1862), where 
llicy had felled trees down the hill and sharpened the tops, 
forming an abatis around the breastworks, he had passed be- 
yond the picket line, where three men were stationed some 
distance apart, and had been discovered by the one in the 
center, who called, "What are you doing there?" and he re- 
plied, "O, just looking at onr fortifications." The Yankee, 
taking in the situation, or.lered him to come forward and 
surrender. As he approached, with the breech of the gun 
forward, when within a few feet of him he bounded forward, 
striking the soldier squarely in the stomach with the butt of 
his gun, which sent him sprawling down the hill, and in a 
few moments he (the Doctor) was in the underbrush, out of 
reach of the shots of tlie other two. 



In November, 1861, while returning from a scouting expe- 
dition through the mountains, he became lost in the dense 
laurel and hemlock thickets between the forks of the Green- 
brier River. He left his saddle at first so that he could the 
better get through the brush, and, after cutting his way some 
distance, had finally to abandon his horse. He would have 
perished in the snow had not some Confederates found him 
They believed him to be a Yankee spy, and took him to camp, 
where he was identified by Maj. A. G. Reger. 

Mr. Jacob Earner, of Pocahontas County, who knew of the 
incident, found the saddle three years after the war closed, 
while hunting. In a letter of December 4, 1862, from Camp 
Washington, Augusta County, Va.. he said : "We are with 
Gen. J. D. Imboden. and on the gth of last month captured 
at St. George, Tucker County, a company with all their stores." 
He spoke also of the hardships that he had endured in the 
past eighteen months as a scout. In that letter he stated that 
he had been urged by friends to accept a better position in a 
regiment. Shortly after this he received the appointment from 
the War Department as major of the Sixty-Second Virginia 
i^egiment. Gen. Imboden's Command. He was with Gen. Im- 
boden April jg, l8(')3. when he made his raid through Wesl 
Virginia. At that time Beverly was held by nearly nine hun- 
dred men, commanded by Col. George R. Latham, a personal 
friend of Maj. Lang's, who, after some fighting, retreated 
toward Philippi. 

Gen. Imboden, in giving his report of the expedition, says: 
"On the morning of the 25th my cavalry reported the road 
toward Philippi impracticable for artillery or wagons on ac 
count of the depth of the mud, in places coming up to the 
-saddle skirts of the horses. I also ascertained that Gen. 
Roberts, with a considerable force, was at Buchanan, and I 
doubted the prudence of going directly to Philippi until this 
I'nrce was dislodged from my flank. I sent oflf two companies 
of cavalry under Maj. D. B. Lang to open communication 
with Gen. Jones, who was then moving through Preston. 
Monongalia, and Marion Counties." 

Maj. Lang followed the retreating Federal forces with a 
part of the companies under Capts. Taylor and Smoot, and 
camped where Garnctt's men were stationed in 1861. He 
spent the night at home with his wife and little children, a 
mile and a half away. It was the last time he was there. In 
his diary he states: "We made a dash on Philippi, causing the 
enemy considerable fright." Col. Mulligan and some of his 
officers were on the road east of town, and they came upon 
them so suddenly that the Colonel, while gall&ping toward 
town, lost his hat and hallooed, "Fire that cannon! fire that 
cannon I" while he was still directly between the Confederates 
and his guns. The Confederates fell back and camped on 
the bank of the river, below Belington. The second day 
they fell in with Imboden near Buchanan, and moved on to 
Wcstcn, and from there south through Greenbrier County. 

On the night of September 25, 1863, with a company of 
several men Maj. Lang surprised and captured thirty Federals 
at the "Burnet House," the crossing of Cheat River on the 
Seneca Trail. The night before he went into their cam], 
under disguise while they were asleep, and ascertained their 
number and position. Lieut. H. II. Stalnaker, who was with 
his command, says : "After he returned to his company on 
the mountain, he at first decided not to take them, as their 
horses were jaded, although the object of the expedition was 
to get horses to supply his command. After waiting all day 
on the mountain side, they went down the next night and 
captured all except one man, who made his escape." 



130 



Qopfederate l/eterar?. 



Maj. l-ang lielpod to defend Lyiiclilnirg when Hunter made 
his raid into Virginia. He was with Inilioden at New Creek, 
whose forces destroyed several miles of the B. and' O. Rail- 
road. He was with Lee's army in the battle of Gettysburg. 
His forces guarded Lee's w-agon trains from Gettysburg to 
Williamsport, and engaged in that battle. He participated in 
nearly all of the engagements that were fought in the Valley 
of Virginia that season. In the fight with Gen. Seigle at New- 
Market he lost nearly half of his regiment. He was promoted 
lo lieutenant colonel in the latter part of 1863. His regiment 
was part of the time with Gen. Breckinridge's command. In 
a letter written to his wife July 13, 1864, from Blair's house, 
near Washington, he stated that he had been under the 
enemy's fire every day since May 7, had marched over six 
hundred miles, and had escaped with notliing more than a 
few holes through his clothing until the day before. He had 
been given the post of honor by being put in front, and drove 
the enemy five miles to their fort. In the fight his spur was 
struck by a ball, which slightly disabled him. The spur saved 
his foot, however. 

It was his delight to command the skirmish line. On Sep- 
tember 5, 1864, w-hile in command of his line near Bunker 
Hill, eight or nine miles below Winchester, he fell mortally 
wounded. Lieut. H. H. Stalnaker says : "The balls were 
(lying fast, and one of his comrades said, 'Colonel, you had 
iietter shelter behind that stone fence, or you might get hit;' 
but he replied, 'It is me they are shooting at.' In a moment 
or so I saw him place his hand to his side and fall, and as 
some of his inen went to carry him from the field he said : 
'You had better leave me and take care of yourselves.' He 
was carried to a house near by, and afterwards to Winchester, 
where he died the ne.xt day. He left this message for his men'. 
'Tell the boys that, if possible, I would like to see them, but 
for them to do their duty on all occasions.' He then ex- 
pressed a desire to see his wife and little children, and the 
sentiment that if the Confederacy succeeded he would ask 
no greater compensation from the Confederate government 
for his services than the education of his children." 

Col. Lang is buried in the "Stonewall" Cemetery at Win- 
chester. Upon entering from the south gate, his grave is the 
second on the right of the sleeping Virginians, marked by a 
plain marble slab like that on all the Virginians' graves : 
"Lieut. Col. David B. Lang, died September 6, 1864." 

He believed in the virtue and triumph of the Confederate 
cause, and said in one of his letters to his wife: "If this un- 
holy war should last until my youngest son is eighteen years 
old, I wish you would inspire such patriotism in each of 
them that they would shoulder tlieir muskets in defense of 
their country." In another he said : "I shall see Virginia free 
(IV be buried beneath her sod." 

Col. Lang was sued on a security debt a year or so before 
the war, and, having some creditors of his own who desired 
to be secured, he gave a deed of trust on his property, and 
liis wife signed her interest in it. It was not sold until after 
tlie close of the war, when it took everything to pay off his 
debts and left his wife and children without anything but 
courage; yet there never was a murmur or regret by herself 
or her children that she had secured his creditors. His widow 
died near Kerns, Randolph County, W. Va., at the home of 
her son, David B., November 19, 1898, aged seventy years. 

Sometime before Col. Lang's death, Col. Rankins, of Mar- 
tinsburg, W. Va., made a portrait of him on a pine board 
13x16 inches. It was left with his cousin, Mrs. Martha P. 
(Lang) McClung, near Bath Alum, Va., and after the close 



of the war Miss Mclvina Corley (now Mrs. Judson C. God- 
din, of near Elkins, W. Va ) carried it through the Alleghany 

.mil Clii at Mc'unt.iins, fastened to the horn of her sidesaddle. 




to her home, near Belington, Barbour County, W. Va., nearly 
one hundred miles. The accompanying engraving was made 
from a photograph of that board. 

The foregoing sketch comes from Winfield S. Lang, eldest 
son of Col. D. B. Lang. His home is at Meadowville, W. Va. 



Inquiry for Prison Comrades at Knoxville. — R. F. Sims, 
of Gorman, Tex., writes : "I should like to hear from any 
comrades who were prisoners at Knoxville, Tenn., during the 
months of August and September, 1864. During that time a 
tunnel was dug there which was a great mystery to the Yan- 
kees. It was over twenty-five feet long, and had been dug witli 
case knives. Very few of the prisoners knew anything about 
it ; and if the Yankees had discovered the diggers, some one 
would have worn a ball and chain. I should also like to hear 
from Capt. Hughall, of Hugliall's Battery, who lived in Knox- 
ville. He was captured inside tlie Yankee lines, and held as 
a spy for a long while. After I left there I heard that he 
was started off to regular prison, but made his escape. 
After Gen. Morgan's death, at Greeneville, those of his men 
who were captured were brought to prison at Kno.xville. 
I shall never forget how we gathered upstairs at the north 
window and sang our Southern songs. We always knew 
when Southern ladies were passing, for they gave us some 
sign. About the ist of October an exchange was made, and 
some of the prisoners were sent to Atlanta. Among others. 
1 was sent to Camp Douglas, and exchanged at Richmond 
about the 21st of March. I thought I was having a hanl 
time, but it did not compare with prison life. When captured 
I belonged to the Twenty-Seventh Virginia Battalion, after- 
wards reorganized as the Twenty-Fifth Regiment." 



Qoi^federate l/eterai). 



131 



THL FALL UP I'ORT FISHER. 

liY MRS. T. C. DAVIS, MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. 

This is the 15th of January and the fortieth anniversary 
of the fall of Fort Fisher. Every year since then this day 
has brought back vividly to my mind that heroic struggle 
It was the last fort in the Confederacy through which we 
could communicate, even by blockade runners, with the out- 
side world ; and, although then in her death throes, the 
Confederate government made a desperate effort to hold it. 
It was a useless sacrifice of life, but what loyal man or wom- 
an counted the cost of life in those days, so long as the flag 
of the Confederacy was unfurled? 

I lived directly on the coast, and could see the powerful 
Nortli Atlantic squadron, under Admiral Porter, assembling 
for the attack. The bombardment by the fleet began Friday 
morning, the 13th, and continued day and night until Sun- 
day evening, the 15th. In his official report. Admiral Porter 
says he threw fifty thousand shells in and around the fort 
within that time. It is estimated that for several hours Sun- 
day, preceding the attack by the army under Gen. Terry, 
three hundred shells per minute were thrown into the 
fort. It was the most powerful armament of war vessels 
over .isscmbled up to that time, and perhaps the most dread- 
ful bombardment. 

I, with several other ladies, went out to a point on the 
west side of Cape Fear River, witere we could see the entire 
licld of action. My husband was a member of the garrison 
in the fort, and none but a wife could experience the awful 
agony of my suspense as I stood that Sunday evening and 
watched the fearful shower of shell fall upon the doomed 
but devoted little garrison. At times my imagination would 
tell me that my anxious eyes were resting upon him in the 
little group of heroic defenders that we could ."iee distinctly; 
the next instant a monster shell would explode in their midst, 
enveloping everything in smoke and dust. At such moments 
I would feel as if my heart would burst ; but when the wind 
would lift the shroud of battle and I could see our flag still 
there, and the thin, gray line still in action, I would feel that 
exultant joy that I imagine the old veterans felt when they 
rushed forward with the Rebel yell. 

About three o'clock (he bombardment suddenly ceased, but 
it was only a lull in the storm. The ships had dismounted 
or rendered useless by their terrific fire all of our guns on 
the sides of the fort most exposed to them ; and now the 
land forces, under Gen. Terry, assisted by the marines from 
the fleet, making a total force of nearly fifteen thousand, 
were preparing to assault the fort, and we could see our men 
— O how few they looked compared to the vast army of 
Federals ! — within the fortification awaiting the attack. 

We could count our heart beats as, with silent prayers and 
eyes too dry for tears, we watched the storm gather in great 
masses of dark columns of men moving on the helpless, but 
still defiant. Confederates. Praying that my husband was yet 
alive, seeing the overwhelming odds against him, and reali- 
zing that victory was utterly hopeless, can I be blamed that 
courage failed me and that a white flag over the wrecked 
fort would have been grateful to my sight? But before I 
could give expression to the feeling a red sheet of fire 
streamed along the front lines of the advancing hosts, and 
the death struggle had begun. 

I could not, if I would, describe the fearful scenes that 
followed, for even at this late day it makes my heart sick to 
think of it ; of how foot by fool our men were forced back 



from one traverse to another, often fighting with clubbed 
muskets, and marking every foot of the way with the dead 
bodies of their foes. When the smoke would lift, we could 
see distinctly the lines engaged often in hand-to-hand fight- 
ing; but O! we could see so distinctly that the thin, gray 
line was growing thinner and the dark, heavy masses were 
growing heavier. The gallant Gen. Whiting had fallen, 
desperately wounded, in the midst of his men; but the battle 
continued to rage until night shut out the dreadful sight 
Even then as we left our place of observation we could hear 
the roar and see the flash of guns. 

The fighting continued until about ten o'clock that night, 
when the fort surrendered. I could learn nothing of the fate 
of my husband, whether living or dead, and it was a month 
afterwards that I received a letter from him, saying he was 
a prisoner at Tilmira, N. Y. He was released after the close 
of the war, and returned home on the ist of June, 1865; but 
the 15th of January always brings back to me a remembrance 
of that, to me, awful Sunday evening forty years ago. 



THE OLD JOHNNY'S LETTER. 

BY T. C. HARBAUGH. 

'Tis creased and 'tis faded, the old Johnny's letter ; 

He battled four years 'neath the banners of Lee, 
And here is the one little postscript he added : 

"O Mary, my darling, kiss Jimnne for me. " 
lie penned it one night in the heart of the wildwood 

When over him glittered the watch-keeping stars, 
.And close to the fires where his comrades lay sleeping 

Half furled on its staflF was the banner of bars. 

Me thought of his home and the loved ones so precious. 

He dreamed of his wife and the boy far away; 
Their smiles and their faces, their kisses, embraces 

Came often, I know, to the soldier in gray. 
And, thinking of them in the camp in the cedars 

So close to the river that flowed to the sea. 
He penned the sweet postscript that showed his affection: 

"O Mary, my darling, kiss Jimmie for me." 

To-morrow the battle, to-morrow the carnage, 

To-morrow the charge and the roar of the guns. 
The stand on the hill and the fight in the valley. 

The fall of the Southland's magnificent sons; 
Vet there in the bivouac, where thousands are dreaming 

Who'll fall at the dawn by the shot-riven tree, 
He adds last a fond line to perhaps his last letter: 

"O Mary, my darling, kiss Jimmie for me." 

The battle is over, and roses arc blooming 

\\ here growled the mad guns on the thrice-taken hill, 
.'\nd deep in the valley the robin is singing. 

And fishes leap up in the once crimsoned rill. 
He sleeps where the stars their sweet vigils are keeping. 

And the river sings low to the ultimate sea; 
But his love lingers still in the postscript he added : 

'O Mary, my darling, kiss Jimmie for me." 

There hangs on a wall now a half- faded picture. 

And 'neath it an old, tattered jacket of gray, 
And near them a canteen, a belt, and a musket 

That silently tell of the terrible fray ; 
.'\nd pressed in a book is the old Johnny's letter. 

Too precious almost for a stranger to see, 
.\nd there is the one little postscript he added : 

"O Mary, my darling, kiss Jimmie for me." 



132 



Confederate Ueterap. 



RECORD OF NORTH CAROLINA TROOPS, 1861-65. 

The committee appointed by the Literary and- Historical 
Society of North Carohna to investigate and report upon the 
accuracy as to the number of troops furnished by that State 
to the Confederacy and upon the merits of their claims as 
being "first at Bethel, farthest to the front at Gettysburg 
and Chickamauga, last at Appomattox" have made their re- 
port, and it has been published by the Historical Society, mak- 
ing an interesting pamphlet of some eighty pages. 

Maps of all the battlefields in question are shown in the 
report, and the positions occupied by tlie North Carolina 
troops at the high tide of battle on the different fields are 
marked by participants and eyewitnesses, to whom was as- 
signed the duty of compiling the facts and writing the re- 
ports on the battles mentioned. 

"First at Bethel" was assigned to Maj. E. J. Hale, who 
was a member of Company H, Fayetteville Light Infantry, 
of the First North Carolina Volunteers, afterwards known 
as the Bethel Regiment. 

"Farthest to the front at Gettysburg" is maintained by Judge 
W. A. Montgomery and Capt. W. R. Bond, both veterans 
of that field. 

"Farthest to the front at Chickamauga" is reported by Judge 
A. C. Avery, after going over the field carefully and, with the 
assistance of the Park Commissioners, marking the places of 
the various positions occupied by the North Carolina troops, 
which confirms his own personal recollections of the battle. 

"Last at Appomattox" is presented by Senator Henry A. 
London, in which he claims that the hungry, ragged, mud- 
slained, but loyal old "Tar Heels" fired the last volley at 
Appomattox. 

The number of troops furnished by the State, and of killed, 
wounded, and died from disease, is carefully compiled by 
Capt. S. A. Ashe. 

In submitting the reports of these gentlemen to the society, 
the committee says : 

"Maj. Hale, who was at Bethel and, indeed, served con- 
tinually throughout the war and saw its close at Appomattox, 
tells the story of this first battle of the war. North Carolina 
can well claim to have been 'first at Bethel,' for this first vic- 
tory for our arms was won by her sons. More than two-thirds 
of the soldiers present, or over eight hundred of the twelve 
hundred, were North Carolinians ; without them the battle 
would not have been fought, and without them it could not 
have been won. North Carolina can justly claim credit for 
her promptness and for having her troops placed nearest to 
the enemy on Virginia's soil, so as to receive the first blow 
aimed at her sister State and return it with such telling force 
as to repulse the first advance of her enemy. The first sol- 
dier killed in battle was Henry L. Wyatt, of Company A, 
First North Carolina Volunteers, at Bethel, June 10, 1861. 

'F.^RTHEST TO THE FrONT AT GETTYSBURG.' 

"That the soldiers of this State went somewhat farther at 
Gettysburg than any others in the third day's battle is so 
clearly shown by Judge Montgomery and Capt. W. R. Bond, 
in the articles submitted by them, that it is not necessary to 
recapitulate. The controverted point is only as to the charge 
on the third day, else we could have referred to the undis- 
puted fact that on the evening of the second day Hoke's 
Brigade, commanded by Col. Isaac E. Avery (who lost his 
life in the assault), together with Louisianians from Hays's 
Brigade, climbed Cemetery Heights, being farther than any 
other troops penetrated during the three days. The follow- 
ing inscriptions placed by the Federal Park Commissioners 



upon tablets state that the services of Hoke's Brigade on the 
second day and Pettigrew's on the third amply vindicate the 
justice of our claim. 

Hoke's Brigade. 

" 'July 2. Skirmished all day, and at 8 p.m., with Hays's 
Brigade, charged East Cemetery Hill. Severely enfiladed on 
the left by artillery and musketry, it pushed over the infantry 
line in their front, scaled the hill, planted its colors on the 
lunettes, and captured several guns. But assailed by fresh 
forces, and having no supports, it was soon compelled to re- 
linquish what it had gained and withdraw. Its commander. 
Col. Isaac E. Avery, was mortally wounded leading the 
charge.' 

Pettigrew's Bri^^ade. 

" 'In Longstreet's assault this brigade occupied, on July 3, 
the right center of the division, and the course of the charge 
brought it in front of the high stone wall north of the angle 
and eighty yards farther east. It advanced very nearly to 
that wall. A few reached it, but were captured. The skele- 
ton regiments retired, led by lieutenants, and the brigade by 
a major, the only field ofiicer left.' 

"Judge Montgomery and Capt. W". R. Bond were both 
present at Gettysburg, and the former has recently revisited 
the battlefield. Their array of proof as to the North Carolina 
troops is further sustained by the map of the battlefield, 
made by the Federal Commissioners after years of study of 
tlie ground and hearing the evidence of participants from 
both armies and all parts of the country. A copy of that 
map is published with their articles. Two other maps herein 
throw further light upon that historic field. 

"Without trenching on the ground covered by Judge Mont- 
gomery and Capt. Bond, and merely as testimony of what 
troops went where the red rain of battle fell heaviest, it may 
be well to recall the following facts from the official reports: 
At Gettysburg 2,592 Confederates were killed and 12,707 
wounded. Of the killed, 770 were from North Carolina, 435 
were Georgians, 399 Virginians, 258 Mississippians, 217 South 
Carolinians, and 204 Alabamians. The three brigades that lost 
most men were Pettigrew's North Carolina (190 killed) ; 
Davis's Mississippi (180 killed), which had in it one North 
Carolina regiment; and Daniel's North Carolina (165 killed). 
Pickett's entire division had 214 killed. No brigade in Pick- 
ett's Division lost as many killed and wounded as the Twenty- 
Sixth North Carolina Regiment, whose loss was 86 killed and 
502 wounded, the heaviest loss of any regiment, on either 
side, in any battle during the war. In the first day's fight 
there were 16 Confederate brigades, of which 7 were from 
North Carolina. In Longstreet's assault, which has been 
miscalled by some 'Pickett's charge,' there were 19 Virginia 
and 15 North Carolina regiments, besides troops from other 
States. 

'Farthest to the Front at Chickamauga.' 

"Judge A. C. Avery, who was a participant in the battle of 
Chickamauga, has lately revisited that battlefield with a view 
of writing his graphic article, which will have a peculiar 
interest because the deeds of North Carolina soldiers in the 
Army of the West are less widely known than the dauntless 
courage of the North Carolina veterans in the Army of 
Northern Virginia, in which the greater part of these troops 
served. Judge Avery clearly shows that the Thirty-Ninth, 
Fifty-Eighth, and Sixtieth North Carolina on the first day 
and the others on the second day achieved the farthest ad- 
vance attained by our forces. This evidence is also sustained 
by the locations marked on the map by the Federal Park 
Commissioners as having been attained by the different com- 



Confederate l/eterap. 



133 



mands. Judge Avery states that, while these locations are 
marked by tablets not only by the Northern States, but by 
South Carolina. Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Missouri, and 
other Southern States, the advanced point reached by the 
North Carolinians is marked only hy a wooden board nailed 
to a telegraph pole." 

Moved by this pathetic statement, a committee was appointed 
to present the matter to the General .^ssembly of North Caro- 
lina, asking that an appropriation be made sufficient to place 
durable tablets on the battlefields of Gettysburg. Sharpsburg. 
" and Chickamauga. under the direction of the Federal Park 
Commissioners, to preserve the location of the North Carolina 
troops at the critical moment? on those historic battlefields ; 
also tn mark the spot where Wyatt fell on the first battle- 
field in \^irginia and where the last volley was fired at Ap- 
pomattox. 

"The last at Appomattox" is presented and maintained by 
State Senator Henry A. London, who carried the last ordei 
at Appomattox and tells tersely and clearly what he saw 
and heard, which is fully sustained by the statements which 
he quotes of Maj. Gen. Bryan Grimes and Brig. Gen. Cox. 
wdio were in command of the troops who fired the last vol- 
ley. Two other members of the conmiittec, Maj. Hale and 
Judge Montgomery, also were at Appomattox. The positions 
held by the troops under Gen. Grimes, who were in the front 
of the army, and by whom, necessarily, the last volley was 
fired (the other part of the army, under Longstreet, which 
faced Grant in our rear, were not engaged), are shown on the 
map accompanying Senator London's article on Appomattox. 
The ground was visited October I, 1904. by a special com- 
mittee, consisting of Senator London, Judge Montgomery, 
Capt. Jenkins, and Mayor Powell, veterans of that field. The 
localities were identified and measurements taken, from which 
the excellent map of .Appomattox, accompanying the com- 
mittee's report, is made. 

Number of Troops and Losses. 

"Capt. S. A. Ashe sustains, from a careful examination and 
collection of the records, that North Carolina furnished by 
much the largest number of troops of any State to the Con- 
federacy. Lieut. Gen. Stephen D. Lee (Commander in Chief 
of the United Confederate Veterans), in a very recent ad- 
dress at Asheville. stated that 'North Carolina furnished 
22,942 more troops than any other State.' If this were not 
so, it redounds even more to the fame of the State ; for North 
Carolina lost, according to the official returns (as compiled in 
Col. Fox's 'Regimental Losses"), over 41,000 killed and 
wounded and died of disease, according to "U. S. Official Rec- 
ords,' while the 'Confederate Handbook' gives: Virginia, 5.- 
,^28 'killed, 2,519 died of wounds, 6.947 died of disease; total, 
14.794. North Carolina, 14.452 killed, 5.T51 died of wounds, 
20,602 died of disease; total, 40,305, a number considerably in 
excess of that sustained by any other Southern State. 

"Owing to her innate modesty. North Carolina, notwith- 
standing she furnished nearly one-fifth of the troops of the 
Confederacy, fell far short of one-fifth of the 608 generals ap- 
pointed during those four memorable years. Instead of 120, 
our proportion, according to troops furnished, we had 2 lieu- 
tenant generals, 7 major generals, and 26 brigadiers, a total 
of 35 generals, of whom nine were killed in battle and several 
others were invalided by reason of wounds. Yet we were not 
lacking in material. Upon the death of Maj. Gen. Pender, 
a superb soldier, Gen. Lee publicly deplored that 'Gen. 
Pender had never received hi? proper rank,' and in the opin- 
ion of the whole army the hero of Plymouth, that splendid 



soldier, Robert F. Hoke, who was a major general at twenty- 
six, merited the command of an army corps; and there were 
many others who deserved the rank of major general and 
brigadier general, which was given to men. certainly not 
their superiors, from States with a smaller proportion of 
troops to general officers. 

"But it is not to her generals and lesser officers, capable and 
faithful as they were, that North Carolina should turn with 
her greatest pride. With tacit recognition of this truth, the 
.State has appropriately crowned the monument raised to her 
gallant dead with the statue of a private soldier, with belled 
cartridge box and his faithful musket in hand, on guard, 
■^canning the horii^on, as in life, with ceaseless watching for 
the foe. Gen. A. P. Hill, of Virginia, when asked what 
troops he preferred to command, replied: 'Unriuestionahly 
>Jorth Carolinian.s — not that they are braver where all arc 
brave, but, brave as the bravest, they are the most obedient to 
command.' It was this marked trait which gave the troops 
from this State their preeminence. It was the same quality 
which gave to the Roman soldier his fame and made Rome 
the empire city of the world. History shows no soldier since 
who more nearly resembles the legionaries of Ca?sar than the 
North Carolina Confederate private. He displayed, together 
with the same intrepidity, the same uncomplaining endurance 
of hardship and hunger, the same unquestioning obedience to 
orders ; and wherever the bravest officer dared to lead, there 
the private soldier from the plains, the valleys, and the monn 
tains of North Carolina swept on in his long, unbroken lines 
They but did as they were told to do, and blushed to find 
it fame. Thus it was that at Gettysburg and at Chicka- 
mauga. on the utmost verge of the storm-swept sea of battle, 
ihc bodies of North Carolina's slain marked where highest 
up the bloody wave had reached and grappled with the hos- 
tile shore. Thus it was that, at Bethel, Wyatt fell in the 
moment of our first victory in advance of our line, and thus 
it was at Appomattox the North Carolina line, sullenly re- 
tiring, fired the last volley over the grave of the Confederacy. 

"We believe our statement supported by indubitable evi- 
dence, chiefest the testimony of the faithful who traversed 
these bloody fields and marked with their corpses the sad 
story of the death and sacrifice of our hopes. We did not 
make these claims boastingly. The subject is far too near our 
hearts for vainglory, and we disdain to extol our soldiers 
as excelling in valor the soldiers of Virginia or surpassing 
them in the grandeur of their sacrifice. But upon these fields 
where we have staked out our claims in the 'death gulch' the 
lottery of battle favored our soldiers, and they writ the story 
God has in his keeping. 

"As above stated, we assert no supremacy in valor for North 
Carolina troops. It was their fortune to be to the front at the 
first victory and at the closing scene, and to ride on the crest 
at the critical moment of the two great critical battles East 
and West. On these occasions, as on all others, they knew 
how to do their duty. With them, as with the sons of this 
State in every great struggle, the motive has been duty, not 
display, or as this characteristic of our people has been tersely 
summed up in the motto of our State, 'Esse quam virlrri' 
(to be rather than to seem)." 

W. H. H. Taylor, of Stillwater. Minn., formerly captain 
of the Eighteenth I'nited States Infantry, writes: "There 
died at Keokuk, Iowa, on the 6th of January an honored sol- 
dier of the Confederate army, Dr. R. Kidder Taylor, who 
was medical purveyor in the Army of Northern Virginia — 
a gentleman of the old Southern school." 



134 



Qopfederate l/etcraij. 



?;->v^;^l'^Si 




C. B. Florence, Adjutant of Camp Evans, Boone ville. Ark., 
reports the death of the following members within the year : 

Steve Bangs, born March 6, 1832; served through the war 
in Company I. Second Arkansas ; died August 26, 1904. 

J. W. Godfrey, born in 1828; served in Company G, Thirty- 
Fourth Alabama ; died November 27, 1904. 

Rev. F. M. Moore, a member of Company I, Twenty-Second 
Arkansas Cavalry, died December 22, 1904 He was a pioneer 
Methodist. 

Charles Henry Baii.ev. 

Rev. James H. McNeilly, the chaplain, writes of him : 

"Among the great host of Confederate veterans who have 
answered the 'Last Roll Call,' there was no braver soldier, 
no more genial comrade, no more knightly spirit, no truer 
man than Charles Bailey. 

"When the war began he was a boy attending Stewart Col- 
lege, in Clarksville, his native town. With a boy's enthusi- 
asm he was eager to join the army. Being but sixteen 
years— born June 11, 1845— he was too young for a soldier. 
After the fall of Fort Donelson, however, although within 
the Federal lines, he made his way South in August, 1862, 
and joined the Forty- 
Ninth Tennessee Reg- 
iment of Infantry, 
just exchanged. The 
regiment was com- 
manded by his uncle. 
Col. James E. Bailey. 
He joined Company 
A, made up of Clarks- 
ville boys, and was 
afterwards made ser- 
geant of the com- 
pany. 

"He was with the 
command in all of 
its engagements, and 
never shirked a duty. 
He was noted for his 
unfailing good humor 
and for his bright, 
cheerful disposition. 
I was with h i m 
through it all, on the 
march, in the camp, 
on the battlefield. He 
was always ready to 
respond to the call 
for service. H it was 
to fight, he was in his 
place; if it was to 
march, be was in line. 
He was ready to help 




CHAKLES H. BAILEY. 



others. Sometimes it was to carry the musket of a fellow- 
soldier who was 'most played out ;' sometimes it was to share 
bis rations with a hungry comrade ; sometimes it was by joke 
or merry quip to cheer some desponding companion. 

"Comrade Bailey served to the end, and never thought of 
.sjiving up until the terrible drama closed. Then he came 
home to be as good a citizen as he had been a soldier. After 
the war he was in business in Clarksville, sometimes with 
partners, then on his own account ; always honorable and 
upright in his dealings. 

"Comrade Bailey was honored by his fellow-citizens with 
offices of trust. He was deputy circuit court clerk, and after- 
wards held the same position for the county court. In 1894 
he served a term in the Legislature of Tennessee, representing 
Montgomery County. He was elected recorder of Clarksville 
in 1884, and filled the office for nearly twenty years, until 
his death, December 3, 1903. ^'Ir. Bailey was twice married. 
His first wife. Miss McKorn, lived less than a year. He was 
married again, in 1880, to Miss Virginia S. MacRae, who sur- 
vives him with her three sons and one daughter, as does also 
his aged mother. He was for many years a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, in which communion his ancestors had 
lived for generations. 

"Every comrade of his regretted his death, and will cherish 
his memory." 

Bradley Tyler Stokes. 

Camp James Mcintosh, of Lonoke, Ark., reports the death 
of a beloved comrade, Bradley T. Stokes, on January 8. He 
was born in Frederick County, Md., in February, 1843, and 
at the outbreak of the war was studying surveying. In his 
eighteenth year he enlisted as a private in Company G, of 
Ashby's Virginia Cavalry. After the death of this gallant 
commander he was first lieutenant and aid-de-camp on the 
staff of Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, where he served till the 
close of the war. He served from the beginning in the Army 
of Northern Virginia, went through the Valley Campaign, 
battles around Richmond, invasion into Maryland, and many 
other engagements. In December of 1864 he went with Gen. 
Johnson, who was placed in charge at Salisbury, N. C, and it 
was after the surrender at Appomattox that he was in the 
engagement where Johnson's men repulsed Stoneman's troops. 
He received his parole at Salisbury on the 5th of May. 

After the war Comrade Stokes resumed his profession of 
civil engineering, surveying several railroads as well as much 
other work. In 1869-70 he was chosen as one of the chief . 
engineers in survey of the Darien Ship Canal across the 
Isthmus of Panama, which was ordered by the United States 
government. He was married in 1872 to Miss Grace Robert- 
son, of Frederick, Md. ; in T875 ''^ removed to St. Louis, 
Mo., and later to Lonoke, Ark. In 1878 he was elected sur- 
veyor of Lonoke County, which office he held continuously 
till his death. Two children survive him. He had diligently 
served his Camp as adjutant since 1897, and his memory will 
be fondly cherished among his comrades so long associated 
with him. 

Thomas H. Wilson. 
Thomas H. Wilson died at his home, in Vernon, Tex., on 
August 18, 1904, after a severe illness. He formerly lived in 
Water Valley, Miss., having been reared there. Comrade 
Wilson served the Confederacy as a member of Company G, 
Eleventh Mississippi Regiment, and was left on the battle- 
field of Gettysburg wounded. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



135 



Capt. Joseph Ehwin Love. 

In recording Ihe death of Capt. J. E. Love, wliicli nc 
curred at Osboni, Miss., on January 2, 1904, it is difficult to 
jnstly describe his nolile character. His bravery and daring, 
purity of life, and other good qualities distinguished hiin in 
war and peace, and he leaves behind him the impress of 
duty well done. Born in Chester, S. C, in 1834, he went with 
his father's family to Mississippi in 1842, and until his death 
proudly claimed that State as his home. He was among the 
first to answer the call for volunteers to defend a righteous 
■ cause, enlisting in May of 1861 in Company L Fifteenth Mis- 
sissippi Infantry, as a private. His arm was shattered by a 
Minie ball at Fishing Creek, and he was discharged as dis- 
abled ; but after remaining at home eight months he enlisted 
in Ford's company, Perrin's Regiment, Ferguson's Brigade. 
He was elected lieutenant soon after the company entered 
service and promoted to captain, commanding the company 
till the close of the war. He was in the engagements from 
Dalton to Atlanta, and when Gen. Sherman started on his 
march to tlie sea, his brigade was thrown against Sherman's 
rear, and there was sharp fisjhting at close quarters. He was 
in the Savannah engagements also, and was paroled at Wash- 
ington, Ga. 

Returning home, Capt. Love took up the duties of life in 
(Ik- same faithful spirit, winning the esteem and confidence 
of his fellow-citizens and meriting the regret that was re- 
corded in the loss of such a good man. He was married, in 
1865, to Miss Martha Robinson, who survives him. 

In the resolutions adopted by Camp No. 1311, U. C. V., at 
Oktibbeha, Miss., after suitable preamble, the committee, Dr. 
J. G. Carroll and John B. Hudson, say: "Capt. Love was tried 
in the fiery furnace of the great war and came forth as pure 
gold. Since that time in the various walks of life his rec- 
ord has been that of a faithful and diligent official, a kind 
and indul.gent husband and fatlicr. and in this hour of their 
bereavement we tender to his family our sincere condolence." 

Nicholas M. Marks. 

Nicholas M. Marks died at St. Joseph's Hospital, in Lex- 
ington, Ky., November 20. 1904. He was taken ill while at- 
tending the Confederate reunion at Pewee Valley ten days 
before, and never rallied after his removal to the hospital. 
I'or several years he had been connnander of the Fourth 
Brigade of the Kentucky Division. V. C. V., but declined re- 
election at that reunion. 

Comrade Marks was born in Montgomery, Ala., October, 
1844, the eldest son of Samuel B. and Louisa (Grain) Marks. 
Both he and his father were soldiers of the Confederate army, 
he serving under Gen. J. P.. Johnston. He was a student at 
the I'niversity of Alabama wlien the war broke out and went 
into the army with the L'niversity cadets, but afterwards be- 
came first lieutenant of Company A, Seventh Alabama Cav- 
alry, under Gen. Forrest. He was severely wounded by a 
sharpshooter at the opening of the battle of Franklin, and 
was a prisoner at Fort Delaware when Gen. Lee surrendered. 

He went from .\labama to Woodford County. Ky,, in 1877, 
and engaged in farming near Pisgah. 

This brave soldier and Christian gentleman will be held in 
tender and loving memory by his companions and friends. 
A wife and seven children survive him. He had beeti a 
Ma.son for many years, and was Past Eminent Commander of 
Versailles Comniandery, No. 3, of Knights 'J'emplar; was 
also a member of the Lexington I^dge of Elks and of Abe 
Rnford Camp, \o Q7. I' (". V., at Ver.sailles. Ky 



Joshua Nhwion Staffokh. 
J. N. Stafford was a member of Company B, Twenty-Firsl 
Regiment of Georgia Volunteers. Dole's, Trimble's, Cook's 
Brigade, Ewell's Division, under Stonewall Jackson, and for 
the cause of the South shed his blood on different battle- 
fields, having been wounded four times. His service was as 
a sharpshooter, and he was thus extraordinarily exposed in 
his duties. His army life was noted for his attention to re- 
ligious duties, as he kept up a prayer meeting all the time, 
and his only absence from roll call was once when attending 
divine services. His death occurred at Chattanooga. Okla . 
January 3. 1005. in his'seventy-fifth year. 

W. C. WiLKERSON. 

Young County Camp of Graham. Tex., lost a valued mem 
her in the death of W. C. Wilkerson. who passed away at 
Mineral \A'ells on July 2. 1004. He was born in Neshoba 
County. Miss, in 1843. His parents moved to Pope County, 
.^rk., in i860, and he enlisted in the State troops of Arkansas 
in 1861. Discharged after six months' service, he at once 
volunteered in Company H. First Arkansas Mounted Rifles, 
which did service in the armies of Mississippi and Tennessee. 
He never missed a battle in which his company was engaged. 
At the battle of Chickamauga on Saturday he was shot 
through the arm, sent to the hospital, had the wound dressed, 
returned to his command early on Simday morning, and was 
through Ihe battle all that day. At this time he was in Mc- 
Nair's Brigade, afterwards conmianded by D. H. Reynolds. 
Walthall's Division. His faithfulness to duty showed his 
strong convictions and love for our cause, and this same 
faithfulness characterized his life in time of peace. 

John H. Hooper. 

John H. Hooper was born in Switzerland in 1843; and died 
at Marshall, Tex., in June, 1904, aged sixty-one years. Of 
this period, four years were spent as a private in Hood's Bri- 
gade, battling for the cause he had espoused, for a country 
which was his by adoption, and a people among whom he had 
cast his lot and with whom he deemed it a privilege to live 
and die. He was married in 1874, and. although no children 
blessed this union, six adopted orphans of Confederate sol- 
diers might have called him "father." With them and his 
faithful wife he lived in unbroken sympathy and love until 
separated by the hand of death. 

For twenty-two years comrade Hooper was car inspector for 
the Texas and Pacific Railway at Marshall. In all his duties 
and relations of life no trust was ever violated and no devia- 
tion was made from the line of duty and integrity, and in his 
death that community lost a citizen of worth and his family a 
loving and devoted husband and friend. 

George H. Bailey. 
Comrade George H. Bailey passed away peacefully at his 
home, in Parkersburg, W. Va., on the morning of February 
I. 1905, in the sixty-ninth year of his age. Comrade Bailey 
volunteered in the beginning of the war in the Thirty-Sixth 
Virginia Regiment, which was organized by Gen. Albert G. 
Jenkins, and largely made up from men in the Ohio Valley. 
At the battle of Searcy Mr. Bailey lost a leg. After the wai 
he returned to his home, near Parkersburg, and engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. He lived the life of an upright Chris- 
tian gentleman, and was loved and honored by all his neigh- 
bors. He was buried, bv Camp Jenkins, of which lie find 
been a faillifnl member. 



136 



^opfederat^ l/eterar^. 



J. B. Simpson. 

James Bates Simpson died at his home, in Dallas, Tex., on 
January 27 from injuries received by being thrown from a 
buggy. Comrade Simpson was born at Fort Smith, Ark., in 
1845. His parents removed to Texas while he was an infant. 
He was educated at Nashville, Tenn. The outbreak of the 
war found him at his mother's home, in Union County, Ark.. 
where he enlisted as a Confederate soldier. He served 
through the war, being twice wounded in battle, and was 
paroled at Marshall, Tex., in May, 1865. At the close of the 
war he resided in Texas, settling first at Houston, where 
he studied law and was licensed to practice. He lived 
for a time at Galveston, and then settled at Liberty, where he 
was district attorney for two years, and was then a member 
of the State Senate for a term. He removed to Dallas in 
1874, where he became prominent as a lawyer and a journalist. 

At the time of his death he was assistant adjutant general 
on the staff of Gen. Van Zandt, commanding the Texas Di- 
vision, U. C. V. 

W. G. W. KiNCAID. 

William George Washington Kincaid died at his home, 
near Buffalo Gap, Tex., in August of 1904. He was a native 
of Alabama, but his parents moved to Arkansas when he 
was three years old; and at his majority, in i85o, he went to 
Texas. From this State he enlisted in the Confederate army 
as a member of Company K, Tenth Texas Infantry, Gran- 
bury's Brigade, Cleburne's Division, Army of Tennessee. 
Later on he was elected first lieutenant of the company. He 
went through the war without receiving a wound, though at 
Chickamauga he was knocked down by the explosion of a 
shell, which injured liis hearing permanently. He was mar- 
ried in 1867 to j\Iiss Annie E. Clark, who survives him with 
their ten children. 

A loyal son of the South, with the traits of character 
which would endear him to all, Comrade Kincaid's passing 
left a void in the hearts of many friends. 

Gen. J. S. Griffith. 

Gen. John Summerfield Griffith was born on the 17th of 
June, 1829, in Montgomery County, Md. His father, Michael 
Berry Griffith, was the son of Capt. Henry Griffith, who 
served in the revolutionary army and a lineal descendant of 
the historical Lewellen A. Griffith, of Wales. 

Owing to a series of business reverses, Mr. Griffith moved 
from Maryland to Missouri, and later to San Augustine, Tex. 
Those were the young days of Texas history, and the hard- 
ships and privations of pioneer life were endured to the full. 
Gen. Griffith's education was necessarily received chiefly at 
home under the tutorship of his mother. He was endowed 
with a brilliant and comprehensive intellect, and was noted 
for his qualities of mind and heart. 

He was married at Nacogdoches, in December, 1851, to 
Sarah Emily Simpson, daughter of John J. and Jane Simp- 
son, and in 1859 moved to Kaufman County, Tex. 

In 1861, when the War between the States was upon us, he 
was among the first to answer the call of his country, and 
organized a company of cavalry at Rockville, Tex., joined 
Col. Warren B. Stone's Regiment, Sixth Texas Cavalry, and 
was elected lieutenant colonel, which position he held with 
honor and distinction. In paying tribute to him, a comrade 
says: "Gen. Griffith was more than a dashing cavalryman; 
his analytical mind penetrated beyond the immediate shock 



of battle and took in the salient features of the campaign 
as a whole. It was he who conceived that master stroke of 
policy, and was the most efficient agent of its execution, the 
Holly Springs raid. He saved the army of Pemberton in- 
dubitably by the movement and delayed the fall of Vicks- 
burg many months. On the field of Oakland he performed 
for the same army duties of scarcely less vital moment." 




GEN. J. S. GRIFFITH. 

Owing to failing health, Gen. Griffith tendered his resigna- 
tion and returned to Texas in June, 1863. Shortly afterwards 
he was elected a member of the tenth Legislature, and served 
as chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs. He was 
appointed brigadier general of State troops on March I, 1864. 

After the war, though broken in health, with indomitable 
will, energy, and pluck he entered the race of life again, and 
by energy and ability recuperated Iiis lost fortune. 

In 1876 he was elected a member of the Fifteenth Legis- 
lature, and aided in placing the new State Constitution in 
operation. In 1874 Gen. Griflith removed with his family to 
Terrell, Tex. 

He died at his home, in Terrell, August 6. 1901, surrounded 
by his family and friends. He died as he had lived, a brave 
and a great man, with a courage and trust unexcelled. 

S. C. Drake. 
S. C. Drake died in Comanche County, Tex., November 24, 
1903. He enlisted in the Confederate service at Cartersville, 
Ga., in Company B, Phillips's Legion of Cavalry, commanded 
by Capt. W^ W. Rich, who was afterwards colonel. He was 
in Drayton's Brigade, and later with Gen. Wade Hampton. 
He participated in all the main battles of the Virginia Army, 
did considerable scouting, and was in the famous cavalry 
fight at Brandy Station. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap 



187 



OATABBH CAN BE CTTBED. 

Catarrh Is a kindred ailment of Consumption, long 
considered incurable: and yet there Is one remedy 
that will positively cure Catarrh in any of its staees. 
For many years this remedy was used by the late 
Dr. Stevens, a widely noted authority on all dis- 
eases of the throat and lunes. Havine tested its 
wonderful curative prtwerp in thnusanas of capes, 
and desiring to relieve human suffering. I will send, 
free of charge, to all sufferers from Catarrh, Asth- 
ma. Consumption, and nervous diseases, this recipe, 
with full directions for preparing and using. Sent 

*-- — ^' '^-- -"" ■-- with stamp, naming this 

Powers Block, Rochester. 
(3) 



by mail bv addressing, with stamp, naming this 
paper, W. 'A. Noyes, 847 Po' "' ' ^^--^ ._.._. 



In sending renewal for three years in 
advance, a subscriber in New Jersey 
writes : "I bope to be able to take tbe 
Veteran as long as I live, but feel that, 
with failing health and increasing years, 
I may have to give up active work ; and, 
as very few in my profession are able 
to lay up for old age, now, while I have 
the means, I will pay for several years 
in advance. If I live till my subscrip- 
tion expires, I hope to be able to renew 
it. If, however, I should answer tlie 
'Last Roll" before it does, those I leave 
behind can enjoy it. After more than 
forty years. I feel as fully satisfied of 
the righteousness and justice of our 
cause as I did in April. 1861, when, a 
boy of eighteen, I buckled on my arms 
in defense of my beloved Southland." 



David E. Johnston, who was sergeant 
major of the Seventh Virginia Regi- 
ment, writes from Bluefield, W. Va. : 
"In the December Veteran an Alabama 
comrade, writing about the battle of 
Drewry's Bluff, on May 16, 1864. 
says he does not know who captured 
Gen. Heckman or to whom he sur- 
rendered his sword. Please tell him 
that Sergt. Blakcy, Company F, Seventh 
Virginia Regiment of Infantry, captured 
Gen. Heckman, and the General sur- 
rendered his sword and pistols to Col. 
C. C. Flowerree, of the Seventh Vir- 
ginia, who now resides at Vicksburg, 
Miss," 



J. M, Spencer, of Berkeley, Cal., would 
like to liear from his old bunk mate at 
Fort Warren at the close of the war 
— Comrade Schooling, of Morgan's Com- 
mand, with whom, when nearly starved, 
he shared the last biscuit that a kind 
sentinel had slipped in at night; also 
from Comrade Tillinghurst, if alive, or 
any of his family in Arkansas. He gave 
up his place to Comrade Spencer when 
too ill to go on special exchange of five 
hundred convalescent men in December. 
1863, at Point Lookout, by which Spen- 
cer made his escape from that death 
trap. Tillinghurst served in the Arkan- 
sas cavalry, and was captured at Cham- 
pion Hill, Miss., in May, 1862. 



J. B. Steen, an inmate of the Confed- 
erate Home at Sweet Home, Ark., de- 
sires to hear from some of his ohl 
comrades. He writes that he was born 
in Marlborough County, S. C, and was 
mustered into the Confederate service 
July 20, 1861, with Capt. Fairlee's Com- 
pany, of Col. J. L. Orr's Regiment, 
known as the First South Carolina 
Rifles. They were sent to Sullivan's 
Island and afterwards to Virginia, and 
assigned to Gregg's Brigade, Wilcox's 
Division. After serving through the 
seven days' fight around Richmond, he 
was wounded and captured on the 12th 
of May at Spottsylvania, sent to Fort 
Delaware, and confined there until June 
10, 1865. He removed to Texas after 
the war. and thence to Arkansas. 



James M. Fry, of Will's Point, Tex.: 
"Who can tell me what Confederate 
scout was in the advance of Gen. John 
H. Morgan when he arrived at Greene- 
ville, Tenn., September 3, 1864, the day 
before his death? This scout (possibly 
Binnion's) arrived in Greeneville at 
noon, and stayed there till the arrival 
of Vaughan's Briga^le, when it moved 
west on the Bull's Cap road with this 
command under Bradford. The brigade 
went into camp at Park's Gap, while the 
scout advanced about a mile and stopped 
for dinner. It is very important that I 



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hear from some member of that com- 
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their march after arrival at Greene- 
ville." 



Replying to the inquiry from "Mary 
Trip" in the Veteran for January, G. 
B. Garwood, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, 
says that he stopped with one Charles 
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the eve of June 5 and 6, 1880. Dear 
said he was one of Mosby's scouts. 

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and the Eastern and Western Hemi- 
spheres, showing all steamship lines; 
map of the Russo-Japanese war regions, 
just the thing to keep up with the war 
in the Far East ; map of Panama, show- 
ing the route of the canal and its his- 
tory and statistics ; map of Nicaragua. 
This atlas gives the population of all 
cities in the United States of over three 
thousand inhabitants, and shows the 
population accorded them by the cen- 
suses for i88o, T890, and 1900, and map 
of Arkansas. This atlas also shows the 
flags of all nations, and is 24x30 inches 
in size. It is a nice ornament, and 
should be hanging in every home and 
office. Sent, postpaid, on receipt of fifty 
cents, silver or stamps. — Arkansas Ga- 
zette, Little Rock. 



138 



QoQfederate l/eterap. 




Silk Flags 



2x3 inches, mounted on pins, - 5c. each 

4x6 inches, mounted on staff, - 10c. each 

12-12 inches, mounted on staff, - 50c. each 

SENT POSTPAID ON RECEIPT OF PRICE 

s. N. meyp:h. 

1231Pa. Ave. N.W., 'WASHINGTON, D. C. 
Send fnr Confederate price list. 



LET VS MAKE YOV A SVIT 




A Iiamlsonie .style 
liUf this iiiclure, ol 
lino cloih, for only 
$<t.9o. nrclicxiolfuV 
iFlO.Oo, or broail- 
clotli lor $ll,1ta. 
Our expert tailors 
cut anil make 
the snit toy our meas- 
ure. We ^naran- 
tce tlie lit, v.e jruar- 
antee satiJ-facUon, 
or rornii't llic mon- 
ey. W'c have plca^eil 
thousands of others; 
we can ]ilease you. 
Highest rofciences. 
AVrite to-<lay for 
samples of suits, 
skirt'-, ■waists, and 
ladie-' wearinir aji- 

LON 

CAMPBELL 

&C0., 



Louisville, 
Ky. 



Kalola 

(Crystallized Mineral Water) 

Nature's Perfect, 
Harmless Remedy 

Cures by removing cause of disease. Hun- 
dreds of voluntary testimonials by home peo- 
ple. 

Restores the weak and feeble to perfect 
health and vigor by giving strength and ap- 
petite. 

"Take Kalohi six days and eat anvthing 
you want." 

Ll^nequaled as a morning laxative. Rec- 
ommended hy physicians and all who try it. 

For sale by all druggists, 
50c. and $1.00. 

Sent direct bv mail on n-cfi|)t of price. 
Stamps accepted. 

KALOU CO., 21-23 Bay St. w.. Savannah. Ga. 



WANTED 



i I jnV '^ Daughter iif the 
M LhUl Confederacy or a 
veteran in every locality, 
having an influential ac- 
quaintance .nmons; t'onfederate Veterans, lor 
spe<'ial emplovxnent during spare time. Good 
pa V .\dd reas' 7*0 Stales Publlshin gCo., 
Louisville, Ky. 



Mr. A. H. Thompson. Box 86. Dem- 
iiig. N. Mex., writes of a poor Confeder- 
ate conjrade who is a public charge in 
that town, and he asks that any who can 
testify as to his service in the Confed- 
erate army will please write to him as 
above. The name of this comrade is 
Bronco Mitchell, and he served in Capt. 
Finley's company, Steven Rice first 
lieutenant, Sixth Texas Infantry. 

J. T. Herring, of Hendersonville, 
Tenn. (R. R. No. l) ; "In looking over 
some old papers I find the name of 
Samuel Clark, killed at Tyree Springs 
in September, 1862. He belonged to the 
Texas Rangers, and was with Gen. For- 
rest. He said he had one daughter liv- 
ing in Texas. I should like to locate 
some of his comrades or friends." 



M. A. Goldston, of Lebanon, Tenn., 
wishes the first four volumes of the 
Veter.\n, 1893-96. Write him in ad- 
vance, stating condition of copies and 
price asked. 



1-ERY LOW WINTER TOURIST 
RATES OFFERED BY THE 
SOi'THER.V RAILWAY 
to points in Georgia, Florida, Cuba, 
Mexico, etc. Tickets on sale daily until 
.■\pril 30, 1905, limited to return May 
31, 1905. For fidl particulars as to 
rates, schedules, etc., write J. E. Ship- 
ley. T. P. A., Chattanooga, Tenn. 



MARDI GRAS, MARCH 2-7. 
Low round-trip rates, via Mobile and 
Ohio Railroad, to New Orleans and 
Mobile. For all particulars, apply to 
your home .\gent, or write John M. 
Beall, M. & O. R. R., St. Louis. 



ECONOMIZE >■"","• °"". T""^ 'r' "li"^ 

niouern, nigh - gratle omce 
supplies. 
L.ES5EN ^^^ office force by having your let- 
ters and circulars mimeographed — 
impossilileto distinguisli from origi- 
nal writings. 
LEARN '"f"^^''" business mt-thi'ds by apply* 
ing to 

17 Ari-atle. Nashvill*', Tenn. 



50c per Copy 

for 

CONFEDERATE VETERANS 

will be given for one each of the follow- 
ing back numbers in good condition: 
Nos. 1. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, U of Vol. 1; Nos. 
1 3, 7 of Vol. 3; Nos. 6, 7 of Vol, 3; 
No 7 of Vol. 4; No. 10 of Vol. 5; No. 2 
of Vol. 7; No. 1 of Vol. 8; No. 7 of Vol. 9. 

ADDRESS 

J. E. TAILMAN, Hubbard City. Tex. 



Cancer Cured without Disfigurement. 

.T.vNrARV U. lOIH. 
Dr. D. M. Bvr Co.. Dallas. Tex. 

Gentlemen : 1 wish \o e.xpress my lasting grat- 
itiide to you tor making a mro <>t tho eaneer on 
my fare.' I Ijegan treatment (in .Tune 15, llHlo. 
andliy August 1 it was out and IumI filled nearly 
level with the sound fiesh. It then shortly 
liealed ovcm". and has never given me a mo- 
ment s trouble since. I know that it is well, 
and I ran heartily recommend the Dr. D. M. 
Bye Cmnliinatinu Oil Cure to anyone suffering 
from lanccr as I did. 

May (iod bless yciuinyour work! is the sincere 
wish of your friend, 

E. R. Merrell, Huhlmrd. Tex. 

There is ahsolut^ly no need ot the knife or 
burning idaster, no need of pain or disfigure- 
ment. The C'omhinatiou Oil Cure tor cancers 
is so( (thing a d l>almv, safe and sure. \Vrit« 
for free l.nok to the ("iriginators Office, Dr. D. 
il. Bye Co.. Bux 4ti:i. Dallas. Tex. 



Plain Facts 



ESTABLISHED 1656. 

For nearly half a century 
C. p. Barnes & Co.'s Rings 

have been the standard for excellence 
among Southern people. They are always 
true to Karat andweight,andcorrecl in style. 
Youp Grand-parents and her Grand- 
parents used C. P. Barnes & Co.'s rings. 
May we make yours? No charge for en- 
graving. Our large illustrated catalogue 
of watches, diamonds, jewelry, silverware, 
and optical goods free on request. 
Yours for happiness, C. P. BARNES & CO 
, 504-606 W. Market St. Louisville, Ky. * 



THE STATE 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 

Daily and Sunday, • 38.00 a year 
Semiweekly, - - 2.00 a year 
Semiweekly State and 
Confederate Veteran, 2.25 a year 

CASH WITH ORDER 

Largest daily circulation 
in South Carolina. 

Unexcelled as an adver- 
tising inedium. 

Try a classified advertise- 
ment in the want column. 
Only one cent a word. 
Minimumcharge, 25 cents. 

SE.VV FOR SAMPLE COPl' 

THE STATE COMPANY 

COLUMBIA, S. C. 



Qoofederate l/eterap. 



139 



Confederate Mining Co. 

INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF ARIZONA 

Capital Stock. $1,000,000 
Par Value. $10 Per Share 

NOW SELLIISG AJ - - . $2 P£R StlARt 

Fully Paid and Absolutely Nonassessable 

Ten of the richest copper claims in the famous r inera! 
belt of Arizona now owned and being developed dv this 
company. The second block of stock is now being sold. 
This has proved to be a fine invest nient. The stock has 
already doubled once in price, and will go higher before 
the next National Reunion, in June. Secure what stock you 
ran NOW, before it is too late. 
All money received lor sale of this stock goes into the treasury of the company and into the mine itself, in developing 
and getting out the ore. No fees will be paid to brokers or agents. This is a legitimate and inviting enterprise, one 
based upon actual known values. Investigate. 
Write for reference and descriptive booklet to 

R. W. CRABB, Treasurer, Uniontown, Ky. 




These Old " Coxked 



Have Sthixk It Uh 



EVERY OLD MAN READ THIS 

Mr. EoiTint; You ou^lit to tell your jfrav- 
headod readers tliat tlicrn is a Imsiin-s}, tliat 
they ca-n ea-sily engage in, which pays In^ 
proflt-s.aud where their ajre inspires conlidence 
instead of being adisadvanta^re. I am 48 years 
old, and a year apo iinislied a <'«mrse of instrue- 
tion. l».v in:iil, with the Jacksonian Optical Col- 
lege. 1*05 College Street. Jackson. Mich. It took 
me abo\it two months, working evenings and 
spare time, t.o complete the conrse and get my 
diploma. Since thi'n, V>y plea>^ant outdoor 
work, which takes me into the open air, I make 
from ^^ to $10 a day fitting gla,sses. 1 have vis- 
ited the College since I graduated, and found 
the gentlemen composing it to stand very high 
in the social and Imsiness circles of JackscMi. 
Mich. Hoping von will publish this. I remain 
yours truly. A. J. LOVE. St. Louis. Mich. 



ONE HUNDRED 

copies of .1 letter, piece of 
music, drawing, or any writing 
can be easily made on a 

Lawton Simplex Printer. 

Nowashing:. No wetting: paper. 
Send for circulars and samples 
of work. .Agents wanted. 

LAWTON & CO 30 Ve«y street. New York. 
br&TV iv/l-^ iX WV^., 59 Daarborn street. Ohicftgo. 



C. BREVeR'S 
Russian and Turkish Baths 

and First-Class Barber Shop 

FOR GENTLEMEN' ONLY. 
317 Churrh Strpet, NASHVILT.E, TENN. 

Open Day and Bight. W C. RitsliclJ. Prop. 




smiBmmmmwm 



PREMIUMS ARE PAID 

TO CAPITAL, BRAINS, OR MUSCLE 
IN THE GREAT SOUTHWEST 

ARKANSAS, INDIAN TERRITORY, OK- 
LAHOMA, TEXAS, AND NEW MEXICO 

Where seemintrly iiiiliiuitfd rcsoiircps await (Icvelopmeiit. 
Vast tracts of afrricultural lands uin-ullivalcd. square miles 
of forest, whole .sect ions underlaid with valuable minerals — 
these are examples of the Soiiihwest's Open Door to 
Siiceess. Write for illustrated literature or. lietter still. 

GO AND SEE FOR. YOURSELF 

An onnee of personal investisalioii is worth a pound of 
ileseripliciii. ....... 

EXCEPTIONALLY LOW RATES 

The 1st and 3d Tuesdays 



Rock Island 
System 



'W 



OF EACH MONTH. 

(;ko. h. lei:, u.v.x., r. it. MeKixxox, t.p.a., 

I.ITTI.E Rorii, AKK. XASHVII.LK, TE\X. 



Southern Hog and Poultry Farm 

O. p. BARRY, ALEXANDRIA, TENN., U. S. A. 

Large, riifllow. Poland-China Hojis, lirt'iMlhi^ sttu-k of the grent^st blood 
ami the best lamilies in the world. 

Tilt* blood oi the First Prize Winners and Chamjiions of the World's Pair 
is in this herd. 

White and Barred Rocks. White Wyandott«s, and Dark Brahmas. Brown 
Leghoru^j Eggs io season, SI 5U for 13. 



^ms 



140 



Qopfederat^ Ueterap. 



SOUTHERN PACIFIC 

SUNSET ROUTE 

Newf OHeanS'^San Francisco 

No Smoke No Cinders No Snow No Ice No Extremes 

THE BEST WINTER ROUTE 

Sunset Express 

Running Oil-Burning Locomotives All the Way 



LEiYES NEW ORLEANS DAILY AT 11:55 A.M. 



LEAVES SAN FRANCISCO DAILY AT 5:45 P.M. 



Carries Combination Ob.sei'vation. Library, and Buffet Car. Doiible Drawing-Room 
Sleeping: Cars, Pullman Standard Sleepers, Excursion Sleeping Car, and Dining Car. 

The Ideal Train over the Picturesque Southern Route 

Through Louisiana, Texas. New Mexico. Arizona, and California; along the 
Rio Grande Dividing Line between the Two Republics. 



T. J. ANDERSON, G. P. A. 

HOUSTON, TEXAS 



JOS. HELLEN, A. G. P. A. 

HOUSTON, TEXAS 



F. E. BATTURS, G. P. A. 

NEW ORLEANS, LA. 



Hours Saved 



1 



BY TAKING THE 




TO THE 



IMorth and East 

SI. Louts or Memphis 



ROCK-BALLASTED ROADBED, 

WIDE VESTIBULED TRAINS, 

PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS, 

NEW DINING CARS, 

ELECTRIC LIGHTS, ELECTRIC FANS, 

RECLINING CHAIR CARS 

AND 

ELEGANT DAY COACHES. 



For further information, apply to Ticket Agents 
of connecting lines, or to 

R. T. G. IV1ATTHEWS. T. P. A., 



<( 



BIG FOUR 



:| 



THE BEST LINE TO 

Jndtcina.potis 

"Peoria. 

Chicago 

AND ALL POINTS IN INDIANA AND 
MICHIGAN 



LOUISVILLE, KY. 



H. C. TOWNSEND, 

OEN'LPASSn AND TICKET AOtNT. ST. LOUIS. 



Cle'Vetand 
'Buffalo 

J^et£f VorK. 
"Boston 

AND ALL POINTS EAST 



Information cheerfully furnished on ai>- 
plic-ation at Citv Ticket Office "Big Four 
Koute." No. 35!) Fourth Avenue, or write to 
S. .1. (tates. General Atrent Passenger De- 
partnu^nt, Louisvil.a. V^J. 



CDEf^Tlftl CCa'wholeBale. Benfl 
or Cb I HuLCO foroatalo!;. Agents 

waated. COULTEBomcAL CU. CUciwo.IU. 



^re you Going 
Easi? 

IF .J-O, TAKE. THE 



SEABOARD 

AIH LINE RAILWAY. 



DIRECT ROVTE AND A 
PLEASANT ONE BETWEEN 

South and East 



Superb Tra.in>I 

Pullman DraLwin^-Room Sleepers I 

Comfortable Thoroughfare Cars I 

C&.fe Dining CeLra! 

For information as to rates, reserva- 
tions, descriptive advertising matter, 
call on your nearest ticket agent •> 
address 

WILLIAM B. CLEMENTS. T. P. A^ 

Atlanta, Ga. 



Ckaxlu B. R.y«.n, 

Q. P. A., 

POBTSMOnTH, VA. 



W. E. ChristitLa, 

A. G. P. A., 
Atlanta, Ga. 



LVAIiSVlLL^-TERRE HAUTE RR- 




CHICAGO 



DANVILLE 



TERRC HAUTE 
■" VINCENNES 
^ EVANSVILLE 

NASHVILLE 

BIRMINGHAM 

MONTGOMERY 



TO THE 

NORTH 

NEW ORLEANS^ 



THROUGH SERVICE 

L. & N., E. & T. H. and C. & E. I. 



2Vestibuled Through Trains D^. . ^ 
NASHVILLE TO CHICAGO ^ 
THROUGH SLEEPERS and DAY COACHES 
NEW ORLEANS TO CHICAGO 

DINING CARS SERVINQ ALL MEALS EN ROUTE 

D. H. HILLMAN, 0. P A.. S. L ROGERS, Geo. A^. 



EVANSVILLE.' 



NASHVILLE. TENN 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



141 



Abner Acetylene Generators. 




The best and most 
economical Hg-ht 
known for home, 
church, school, store, 
factory, and t o w r 
light. From lo tc 
20,000 light capaci 
ties. Carbide feed 
type, prod iic in i^ a 
piire, cool gas. Ke 
sultsguaranteed. 
Circulars on appHca 
tion. 

Channcey C. Fosler. 

154 H. College St. 

Nashville. Tcpd 




AMD THE DAY EXPRRSS OVER THS 



CENTRM 
WSSISSIPPlX^ 



JAOKSONViLLE 

tU Valdosta Roulo. fro.n Viliiosln via (">eor^i 

Soathem ;Lr.d Florid; U v., from Macc::i 

via Oeiilral o£ Ccoryii Ry., from 

ATLANTA 

via Western and Atlantic K. R., from 

CHATTANOOGA 

AND 

NASHVILLE 

Vtetbe NMhville, Ch:ittanooga, and St. LonU R-. 

arriving at 

ST. LOU/S 

AND AT 

CH/CAGO 

war tha lUlnoIs Centra! R. R, from Martin, T»nn. 

DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE AND 
THROUGH SLEEPING CARS 

MAINTAINKD OVKIl TMIt. 

SCEN/C LINE. 

Ticket agenU of the Jacksonville-St. Louis ant 
Chicago line, and agents of connecting lines li 
Florida and the Southeast, will pive you full la 
fomwlloD as to schedules of this double daily serr 
lc« to St. Lmils^ Chicago, and tlie Northwest, anc 
ol train time of lines connecting. They will ate( 
•eU you tickets and advise ^'ou as to rates. 



XMatiaim Passenger A^ent L O. R. R. 

R. WHEELER, Nashv h. 

Commwclal A^eat. 



LETTER 
PAPER 

n n n n 



CONFEDERATE 

^ VETEHAJ^S 
'DAX/GHTE'RS 



NEW REDUCED PRICES 

WHILE THE STOCK LASrS 

$2.00 frets 2r)0 sheets iu 3 tablets 
$4.2o gets 600 sheets iu 5 tablets 

These priees inelnde the printing of the name of the 
etc., the uaiucs of the officers, ami post office addresses. 
Stock ruled or unruled. 



("amp, Chapter, 



Brarvdon Printing Co. 

J</ASH\/ILLE. TE/^JV. 



Manufacturing Statlorvers. 

Engravers. Printers. LithograpKers. 

General Office Outfitters. 



TWO WARS; 

An Autobiography of Samuel G. French, 

Graduated West Point in Id4J, Lieutenant of Light Ar^ 

tillery in the United States Army, in the 

Mexican War, and Major Gcr.eral la 

the Confederate Army, 

From diaries and notes, careful- 
ly kcjit during many years of ac- 
tive military service, and during 
the da^s of reconstruction. Puli- 
lislicd liy the 

Confederate Veteran, 

Nashville, Tenn. 




This book is more lh;m .a rliarniing 
liiography of a distinguished man; it 
is a graphic and faithful story of the 
jMexicaii war, the war between the 
States, and the reconstruction period, as well as a powerful vindication of 
the .South by one who wac born, reared and educated at the North, but 
whose convictions and sentiments early led hini to cast his fortunes with 
the Confederacy, and is, therefore, of especial historical value and interest 
to the peo]ile of the South. The book has been highly praised by many 
distinguished men, and extracts from iviany reviews of tlie work will be 
sent on rcipicst. 

"Two Wars" is issued in one royal octavo volume, bound in English 
cloth, with embossed side and back, contains fine portraits of the author 
and many leading characters in the war betweon the States, together 
with engravings of battle scenes, points of interest, etc., of that great strug- 
gle. It contains over 400 pages. Price, $2. 

Special Offers For $2.50 a copy of "Two Wars" and The Confeder- 
ate Veteran for one year will be sent to any address. Old subscribers to 
the ^'F.TERA^^ may also renew on this basis. 

Agents Wanted for both the book and the Veteran, to whom liberal 
commissione will be paid. 



U2 



Qopfederate l/etcrai).' 



OB [iAYLOR'S illAGAZINE 





THE MAGAZINE YOU'VE HEARD OF 

Edited by Ex-Govemor BOB TAYLOR. 

A Monthly Journal Devoted to Literature, Art, Science, 
Southern Progress, and Human Happiness 



Nearly Subjcriplicn, ^l.OO 

Standard Magazine Size Containing 116 Pages 



Single Copy, lO CertlJ 

First number appears in March 



Be sure to begin with the first number, aud don't miss a single issue. 

j^ gents can coin money by representing Bob Taylor's Magazine, for it is different. It is as unlike 
allntiier periodicals as Gov. Tay'tor is unlike all other men. This magazine has a personality; it has 
vii ility, it has life, and 

IT STANDS FOR SOMETHING 

In an intimate and special sense it is of and for the South. It will exploit this section's literature, 
its history, art. and science, it's materia! resources and welfare, its biography and its current progress 
—in a word, it's life. In a wide and a general sense its mission is to promote a broader patriotism and 
to deTeloji Southern ideals into national character. And, still further, its design Is to brint; into the 
heart of pvery reader more sunshine, love, and happiness. 
For such a conibiuation of purposes iiiid d'octrincs px-C)ov. Bob Tiiylor is the .■hosen leader and lay preacher to the sons of men. 
Those who fail ti> sec\ire his magazine, whicli is his ni-dimn of wider iiscfulness. do themselves a wrong. 

Agents can bring readers into the told by the th. us md. Send to-ilay for outfit and sjjecial terms to agents. 

Uhe TAyLOF^ PVBLISHIJ^G COMTA^y 

Vanderbill -Buildme J>IASH\'IL.LE. TBJVJV. 



EX.GOV. l'.l)U T.WLOR. 



SOUTHERN 
HOMES 

I iiKiko a specially of Soiithcni 
('olonial and (.'ottage Homes. I 
w ill give 40 ])«■ cent iliseonnt from 
regular jniees to the readers of 
the <.'()NFF.ui.:i;.\TE Vetei;.\n. if in 
\yritiug you nientiou this ruaga- 
ziue. Correspondence solicited. 

J. W. McCLAIN, Architect 

Dept. B 
213 1-2 N. 20lh St., Birmingham, Ala^. 



MONEY £25 WOMEN 




FAMOIS FRIIT LANDS 

OF THE EAST TEXAS COUNTRY 



Home of the Elberta peach, the straw- 
berry, plum, pear, tomato, and other 
fruits and vegetables. Big money in 
growing for the Northern markets. 

On March 21 round trip home seekers' 
tickets from St. Louis, Thebes, Cairo, or 
Memphis to Texas points at rate of one 
fare plus $2, not exceeding $15. 

One-way colonist tickets at half fare 
plus $2 on March 21. 

Write for booklet on Texas fruit lands, 
map, and time-table. 

W. G. ADAMS, T. T'. A, 

Cotton Belt Route. >'aslnille, Tenn. 



Tile Princi'ss Lace I.noni Coiiijiaiiv will slail \(>u 
in llic fasfinating and profilal^lc business of inakin-^ 
ri-al lace of many jjaUcrns fnr tin.- s>nn of five dnl 1 
I.irs. Agf-nls wanli-tl. AiKirtss 

MISS LILLIAN WATERS, Secretary 
510 Fatherland St., Nashville, Tenn. 



'smifm^hm\\mmmm 



Shoppi ng by Mail 

MRS. GERTRLDE F. HESS 

Purchasing Agent 
Hotel St. James, 101 W, 45th St„ New Turk 



is now taking orders fin- Wedding 
Trousseaux, Easter Gowns, and Hats. 
Shopping of all description free of charge. 
Estimates cheerfully given. Write for 
circular and I'cferences, 



J. IVIAT WILLIAIVIS, President 

T. J. HAYS Vice Pres. and Treas 

W. B. PAUL, Secretary 

INCORPORATED 

CAPITAL, - $50,000 

WILLmmS k HAYS GO. 

REAL ESTATE BROKERS 

Timber, Mineral, and Farm Lands. 
LOANS 

NASHVILLE. TENNESSEE 



c 



FLAVELL'S ABDOMINAL SUPPORTER 

<']%<■ ••\:\i-i rir.'mnf'T''!i'-f of 
al.-luuirTi at K. I-, -M. 

Silk Elastic • - - S5.00 
Jt Thread Elastic - • 3.50 

"^''i^ -.'ji--— ~iij {', Is sent by miiil npon 

'J*Ey K riT.ipti.f price. Sale delivery 
miaraiit.'i.'d. 
Si- nil l"i 'iiiaini ill l't"f Elastic Stocking-s. Trusses, etc, 

6. W. Flavell & Bro., 1005 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, Pa. 



i; 



WH1SKYm»M0RPHINE 

habit cured. Craving destroved 
in 48 hours. Send for circulars. 

OPPENHEIMER INSTITUTE 

622 Asylum Ave., KNOXVILLE. TENN. 



^oofederafce l/etcrap 



148 



Tennessee Summer Resorts 



Monteagle 

Sewanee 

East Brock 
Springs 

Estill 

Springs 

Beersheba 
Springs 

Bon Aqua 
Springs 

Hurricane 
Springs 




Lookout 
Mountain 

Kingston 
Springs 

Craggie 

Hope 

Nicholson 
Springs 

TuIIahoma 

Fernvale 
Springs 

Monte Sano 



IT WIM. 



SUMMER TIME 



DY AND 
BY 




Then.- iiro in.u\y dclighlful Spring;^ and SmniiuT Kcsurts in llie 
Ili^^liliiiids and Mountains ot Tennessee on or near the lines of 

— T H r. — 

Nashville, Chattanooga & 
St. Louis Railway 



This Conijiany i>uhlisIios regularly every year an illustrated folder giving a 
list of these rosorls and a hricf di-scription of each; also a list of Hoteis and 
Boarding Housts. their ratus pi-r we»^k. month, etr These folders will 
be ready lor distribution about A,pril 15th. Write for a copy before 
making your plans for the Sumniur; mailed FREE upon application to 




W. L. DANLEY 
GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT. NASHVILLE TENNESSEE 



DON'T USE A BROOM! 

You Cannot Sweep Back 

the tide with a broom, try you ever so hard. It is not natural, it cannot be done by artifloial means. 
Nature can cause it to flow back, can put dry land where before was water, and does it every time it 
rolls forward, but in her oHn nity and her own time. It is the same with your disease, the disorder 
which is consuming you, eating your vitals. You cannot sweep it back, cannot cause it to recede and 
fade Hway by the use nf artilici.-il > ru^s. never liitendetl hy nature to go into ihe Htomaclis or to enter the 
ve.ns of man.' drugs which are like straws in a heavy wind, and have no more force or power to check 
t'lo onward march of the disorder than has the eager, anxious sufferer to sweep back the waves of the 

ocean. 

Nature can cause every sickness to roll back into the depths 
from which it came, can put solin. sulistnntiui. Iienrly health into a 
body which before was flooded with disease, saturated with decay, 
racked with pain, liut she does it in her own way, uses her own 
remedies, follows her own means, and it is foolhardy and danger- 
ous to atlmipt to rhniige her. 

It is wasting time, precious time, to seek to sweep back the 
rushing tide with a broom made of sweet- tasting, sweet-smelling 
pills, lotions, tablets, and compounds made to sell, and to sell only. 
It is t-nnibiitiiig nature, not helping li r. and nature is too strong to 
be combated successfully. In Vit-ie-Ore 

NATURE HAS PROVIDED A CURE 

A cure as sure, as certain, as regular in its action as the tides of 
the ocean, and she guides its course, directs its work in the human 
system, by the same immutable, unchangeable laws as she guides 
the waters of the mighty deep. She has in VitJB-Ore the most 
wimderi'ul creatinu of wliicli man tn-ilay has knouledce. combined 
the subtle elements of iron, sulphur, and magnesium, elements 
which bold the same imexplainable attraction for disease as the 
moon holds for the tides, and combined them in a manner of her 
own which man's inventive and creative genius has been unable 
to duplicate or counterfeit. She placed it in the ground ready for 
his hand, for what purpose if not to relieve and cure the ills of 
mankind? You can testit, can juda:e for yourself, and it will not 
cost you a cent to do it. It is different from all others and can be 
offered in a different way, away that "sellers of medicines" dare not duplicate. If you are sick and tired of quacks, sick of dosing yourself day after 
day with each sunrise finding no change in your condition, if you are sick of being imposed upon, try this natural curing ore. IT WILL >0T FAIL YOU. 

READ OUR SPECIAL OFFER 

^•wyr-^ TXTTT T f*^"r^1VTT~\ T*/^ ATT READERS of the Confederate Veteran a full-sized One Dollar pack- 

\A/ M \A/ II I ^^ n* INI 11 III n 1 I ageofVit»-Ore by mail, (lostpntd. sufficient for one month's treatment, 

» » J—* * » XJ-rfJ—/ Wi^J-^X^ J— ^ X V_^ XXJ-^X^ ^ ^^ paid for within one month's time after receipt, if the receiver 
can truthfully say that its use has done faim or her more good than all the drugs and doses of quacks or good doctors or patent medicines he or she has 
ever used. Read'this over again carefully, and ujiderstand that we ask our pay only when it has done you good, and not before. If not, no money is 
wanted. We take all the risk; you hiive iiuthins to lose! If it does notbenetit you. you pay us nothing. 
We give you thirty days' time to try the medicine, thirty days to see results before you pay lis one 
cent, and you do not pay the one cent unless you do see the" results, lou are to be the judge! We 
know Vitse-Ore and are willing to take the risk. We have done so in thousands upon thousands of 
cases, and are not sorry. 

Vitse-Ore is a natural, hard, adamantine, rocklike substance— mineral— Ore- mined from the ground 
like gold and silver, in the neighborhood of a once powerful but now extinct mineral spring. It re- 
quires twenty years for oxidization by exposure to the air, when it slacks down like lime and is then 
of medicinal value. It contains free iron, free suliihur, and free magnesium, three properties which 
are most essential for tho retention of liealth in the human system. a:i(l one pacliage — one ounce 
of the Ore— when mixed with a guart of water, will equal in medi<^-inal strength and curative value 8iHJ 
gallons of the most powerful mmeral water found on the globe, drunk fresh at the springs. It is a ge- 
ological discovery, to which nothing is added and troin which nothing is taken. It is the marvel of 
the century for curing such diseases as Rheunmtism, Itright's Disease. Itloud I'oisoning, Heart Troulile, 
Dropsy, Catarrh and Ihroat Affections, Liyer, Kidney, and Itladder Ailnx nts, Stomach and l-eniale Disor- 
ders, La Grippe, jlalarial Fever, Nervous Prostration, and General Del»ilit>. as thousands testify, and as 
no one, answering this, writing for a package, will deny after using. Vita-t^re has cured more chron- 
ic, obstinate, pronounced incurable cases than any other known medicine, and will reach such cases 
with a more rapid and powerful curative action than any medicine, combination of medicines, or 
doctor's prescriptions which it is possible to procure. If yours is such a case, do not doubt, do not 
fear, do not hesitate, but send for it. 

Vitie-Ore will do thesamefor you as it has done for hur-'lreds of readers of the Confederate Vet- 
eran, if you will give it a trial. Send for a $1 package ?i^""'" I'isk. You have nothing to lose but 
the stamp to answer this announcement. Vie want noo? *^rs ^ »vhoni Vitii'-<tre ninnot ben.-flt. You 
are to be the judge! Can anything b^morefairV What sena- ^ A /^^i" matter howprejiudicedhe 
or she may be. who desires a cure, and is willing to pay for u. "o/*jl '^fite to try Tit:e-Ore on 

this liberal offer? One package is usually sutiiclent to c ure ordinary v, *-^e ■'■_^three for chronic, 




obstinate cases. We mean just what we say in this announcement, and^ ^ 

Write to-day for apackage at our risk and expense, giving your age and ailm^.^^ 
Confederate Veteran, so we may know that you are entitled to this liberal offer. 



aft 



f^bat we agree. 



o6 



.ention the 



YOU ARE TO BE THE JUDGE! 

The deciding power is left ontirelv with vou You say yes or no, right or wrong. If it does not 
help you, you do not pay— not a cent! We know it, know it Kill help, know it will nire, know we will 
be paid, or we could not. would not, dare not offer it on trial in this way. Send for a package to-day. 
ir joo need it, how can you refuse! 

Not a Penny Unless You Are Benefited! 

This offer will challenge the attention and consideration, and afterwards the gratitude, of every living person who desires better health, or who 
suffers pains, ills, and diseases which have defied the medical world and grown worse with age. We care not for your skepticism, but aak only your 
fi ^estigation, and at our expense, regardless of what ills you have, by writing to us for a package. 



STOMACH and KIDNEY 
^ TROUBLE. 

APPFTITE GOOD — CAN EAT ANYTHING. 

1 have had Stomach Trouble for twenty- 
five years and Kidney Trouble for ten years. 
1 suffered with Cramps at night so bad that 




I would have to rub my legs and walk the 
floor to get them straightened out as many 
as four or tive times a nitiht. Since using 
Vitte-Ore my stomach is all right, my appe- 
tite is good, and I can eat anything. My 
Kidney Trouble is cured and the Cramps 
are a thing of the past. Every suffering 
mortal Bhould give it a triaL 

J. M. Carr, Kenton, Ohio. 



Address 



THEO. NOEL CO., Veteran Department, Vitse-Ore Building, CHICAGO. 



Vol. 13 



NASHVII.I,B, Thy J., ^ri., 1905 



No. 4 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 




MRS. MARGARET J 



, ONLY SfRVIVlNG CHILD OK 



•iVIS HA-"" , , 

s. [[.--omce « TAvis. 



your Ifl- 

_ cO<;ra piled — 
.11 from origi- 



tliods by apply- 

^R «fc CO. 

■ ashvlUc, Tonn. 



Sit, 

he (I, 

second 
MISS m9H 



J 



146 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



D 



«< 



^m 



Referee" 

Shells 

Are loaded with the famous Senil-5niokeless 
Powder, combining the best qualities of both black 
and smokeless loads at a price within the reach of 
all. The "League" is the best black powder 
shell in the world. 

Peters Smokeless Shells won the Amateur 
Championship of the U. 5. in 1903. 

Peters Cartridges are loaded with Semi-Smokeless 
Powder. They have won the Indoor Rifle Championship 
of the U. S. for seven successive years* 

Sold EversnvKere. 
THE l^ETERS CARTRIDQE CO. 



iy^ 



New York { ?« ^h.^mber. St^^ CINCINNATI. O. 






PREIVriUMS ARE PAID 

TO CAPITAL, BRAINS, OR MUSCLE 
IN THE GREAT SOUTHWEST 

ARKAN5>AS, INDIAN TERRITORY, OK- 
LAHOMA, TEXAS, AND NEW MEXICO 

Where seeu.iiigly unliiuiled ivsources await developmeut. 
Vast tracts o{ agricultural lauds uncultivated, square miles 
of forest, whole sections underlaid with valuable minerals — 
these are e.\amples of the Southwest's Open Door to 
Success. Write for illustrated literature or, better still, 

GO AND SEE FOR. YOURSELF 

Au ounce of personal investigation is worth a pound of 
description. 

EXCEPTIONALLY LOW RATES 

The 1st and 3d Tuesdays 



Rock Island 
System 



OF EACH MONTH. 



UKO. H. LEE, G.P.A., 

LITTLE UflCE, AKK. 



P. R. McKINNON, T.P.A., 

NASHVILLE, TENJi. 



Southern Hog ai ^ Poultry Farm 



'iS^r /' 



O. p. BARRY, ALEX ' 

Largs, meDow, Pol» 
and the best families ' 

The blood o£ the P 
is in this herd. 

White and Bar 
Leghorns Bsgr 



TENN,, U. S. A. 
•■••ding stook of the grsatest blood 
^ Champions of the World's Fair 
>8, and Dark Bratunaa, BrowB 



Meff 

PIANO 



hi your home is an 
emblem of Purity in 
Musical Refinement 
and Proof of an Ar- 
tistic Taste. 

The Stieff 

is the ONLY Artistic Piano 
sold direct by its manufacturer 
(a Southern man) to you, 
thus saving the retail dealer's 
profit in the home. 

WRITE TO- DAT FOR 
PRICES A.VD TERMS 

SOUTHERN WAREROOMS 

5 West Trade Street 

CHARLOTTE, N. C. 

C. H. WILMOTH, MGR. 



Plain Facts 



Established 1866. 
For nearly half a century 

C. p. Barnes & Co.'s Rings 

have been the standard for excellence 
among Southern people. They are always 
true to Karatand weight, and correct in style. 

Your Grand-parents and hep Grand- 
parents used C. P. Barnes & Co.'s rings. 
May we make yours? No charge for en- 
graving. Our large illustrated catalogue 
of watches, diamonds, iewelry, silverware, 
and optical goods free on request. 

Yours for happiness, C. P. BARNES & CO 
. 504-606 W. Market St. Louisville, Ky. ' 



Qoofederate l/eteraij. 



147 



KlNGMflNim^ 



are disiinKuislied for thi 
beautiful finish and thoron 
are made not only to lool 
They hold their good look 
tory, at piices thai are sii 
consiiiereii. You will get 
greatly added value by luy 
ingfroiii MS instead of tlkfougli 
iiiid.llemen. 

( )iir little l>ook " Evidence " 
is convinring and ivdl be 
sent free if yuu state num- 
ber of mantels "anted. 

Our elegant 64 p.igc rata- 
logue (11 X H incites) of m.in- 
tels, grates, tiles, eti., is l)ic 
most complete book of its 
kind ever issued. This and 
our copyrigbted supplement 
entitled " Ctiloiiial Beauties" 
both sent 'in re cipt of i .Scents 
to pay aitiial p. .stage. 
KING MANTEL CO. 

^26 Gay SU KDOiTille,Tenn, 




SOUTHERN 
HOMES 

I luake a specialty of Souilicni 
<'ol()iii:il nnd Collaijo HuiiU'S. I 
will ftivo 40pi'rcciil disCDUMl t'roiii 
regular priios to the rcadors of 

the C'ONFKDKKATK VeTKUAN. if ill 

writing you nirutiou this uiaga- 
ziiio. Corrospoiulouco solicilcil. 

J. W. McCLAIN. Architect 

Dept. B 
213 1-2 N. 20lK SI.. BIrmmgham. AIn.. 



COLVMBVS GAS and GASOLINE ENGINES 

Buiit by pionccf) in 
gas engine consttuc- 
lion, embtacing fea- 
tures of merit proved 
by years of experi- 
ence. A reliable 
high type of engine 
at a reasonable price 
Information on r c - 
quest. 




C. C. FOSTER. Agl. 
Nashville, Tenn. 



FOn OVER SIXTY VCARS 

AnOld and Weil-Tried Remedy. 

MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHINC SVRUP 

has been U8t>d for over 8IXTY YEAK8 bv MU,l.loNfl ol 
MOTHERS f,ir llieir CHI1,DREN WHlllF. TKETHINO. 
WITH PERFECT .S0CCESS. It SOOTHES the CHILI), 
SOFTENS tlie GUMS, ALLAT8 all PAIN; crRES WIND 
COLIC, and i» the beat remedy for DIARRHEA. Sold bj 
Druggists in everv part of Uie world. Be sure tn ask for 

MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP, 

AND TAKE NO OTHER KIND. 
TWENTY-FIVB CENTS A BOTTLM. 



FLAVEITS ABDOMINAL SUPPORTER 

tiive e\eci ciri-umfersnce of 
abdomen at K. L. M. 

Silk Elastic - ■ - SS.OO 
Thread Elastic - - 3.50 

Ci.iods srtit by mail ii]>on 
recoiptc.f price. Snfr .l.'liv.rv 
t:iuirniiti".d. 
S'Midforpamplilet.ifElasticStockinffS.Trusses.etc. 

G.W. Flavell A. Bro., 1005 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, Pa. 



'm^^mdmmmmmm 




A Record of Thirty-Three Years as Loaiscille's Most Popular and Progressive Store 



p^^^^s^Si 




414— 416 41S MARKET STRHET, LOUISVILLE, KY. 418 420 -422 



A Firve All-Silk Taffeta. Shirt 4J^/-| OiQ 
Waist Suit V* "• VO 

This otTer is made for a short time only Ly Kentinkys 
most popular and progressive store. Send your mail "ivler 
in at onc«. Money back if not suited. 

Silk Shirt Waist 
Suits 

$9.9S 

Omen's All ■ Silk 

ilTfla Shirt Wai,-i 

ills, made shirrcl 

oke. fauej' collar. 

II front, plaited 

lack, leg o" iimtton 

'eves, full - Hare 

irt, tucked seams. 

It but torn, two- 

m e d effects in 

■own, blue, (jreeii, 

and black. Price, 



Mention bust 
niea,sure and 
skirt 1 e n g t h 
wlii'n ordi'iiiiLr. 





Silk Suit. iust like pirtiire. S0.9S 



Fine Shirt Waists 

$2.98 

An eletrautfollectionof wom- 
en's sneor quality Persian 
lawn shii't waists, made full 
front, trimmings of .small 
cluster tuoks. Valt and Swiss 
insel'tion, all-tucke 1 barks, 
new slperes witli insertion 
Riid tucked niffs. tan<'y st*>ok i 
.-..llMrs. i.nlv ?>-.*.!'«. 



SOUTHERN BOOKS 

that bring out the true history of the South, portray its heroes, and 
throw light on the questions of to-day. 

Recollections and Letters of Robert E. Lee. By his son, Capt, R. E. 1.^56. 

The private life uf a noble man $J 50 

Reminiscences of the Civil War. By Ren. .TohnB. Gordon. 'With an introduc- 
tion by Uen. Stephen D. Lee and a Memorial by Franc<'s (Gordon Smith 3 50 

A Belle of the Fifties; or. The Memoir of Mrs. Clay-Clopton, of Alabama. 

Covering the social and jiolitical life in 'Washington and in the South. 1853-18.56 3 75 

THOMAS DIXON'S NOVELS: 

The Leopard's Spots. Siwial. Deals with the Reconstruction Period 110 

The Clansman. Special, A story of the Kuklux Klan 1 jo 

ChrLst in the Camp; or, Religion in the Confederate Army. New edition. 

Hy ,1. William .b.ues. Ill), Chapkun in Leo s Army i 75 

History of the Twentieth Tennessee Infantry Regiment and the Army 

of Tennessee. By Dr. ■«'. ,T. McMurray J 00 

Any of these books sent in cloth postpaid on receipt of price. 

PUBUSHER'S AGENCY, Chamber of Commerce, Mamhvllle, Tenn. 



ECONOMIZE 



vour oflicf work hy using 
modern, hig^h • griide office 
supplies, 
fi 



LES5EN *'^^ oilice iorce by having your let- 
ters and circulars mimeographed — 
impossihleto distinguish from origi- 
nal writings. 

LEARN "Modern business methods by apply- 



z>. Af. \y 

17 Arcade, 



NashTlUe, Tenn. 



Virginia Female Institute 

STAV^TO^, VA. 

PRKPARATORY SCHOOl., FOR YOCNO I.AniKS. 

Situated in the mountains of 'Virginia, Elect- 
ive courses in English. Music. Art, etc. Sixty- 
second session beirius Septembi^r 14. 

MISS MARIA PEHDLETOII DUVAL, Principal, 

Suax-.-i»or to JIrs, G-eo, .1. E. B, Stuart, 



148 



Qoof^^lerat^ l/eterai>. 



American National Bank 



NASHVILLE. TENN. 

Capital ,/-''' 
Shareholders' Liability x ^ ' 

Surplus and Undivided Profits ^ , / 

Security to Depositors , / ^ 



$ 1,000,000 00 

1,000,000 00 

185,000 00 

$2,185,000 00 



TKis Bartk FurnisKes tKe Greatest Security to Depositors of Any Bank irv 
Tennessee. All Accounts Solicited 

OFFICERS 
W. W. BEREY, President. A. H. ROBIXSON, Vice President. N. P. LESUEUR, Cashier. 

DUtECTORS 
G M NEELY, LERI.IE CHEEK. BYRD DOUtJLAS. OVERTON LEA, 

ROBT. J. LYLES. HORATIO BERRY. .INO. B. RANSOM. 
A. H. ROBINSON, THOS. L. HERBERT, R. W. TURNER, 

N. P. LESUEtTR. 



NORMAN KIRKMAN, 
W. \V. BERRY, 





George Peabody College 

FOR TEACHERS, Nashville, Tenn. 

Summer Session, June 14 to August 9 

WRITE FOR INFORMATIIIN. 

School Girls and Boys 

Here's your char.ce to get a seal ring", walch, or 
fountain pen FRlIEI Send lo cents for sample 
copy of "Son^s of the Confederacy and Plantation 
Melodies." Get ten orders at 25 cents each, send 
the $2,50 to me, ai.d I will mail you the ten song 
books and the premium you choose. Slate initial, 
if rinsr. 

Mrs, Albert Mitchell, Dept. P, Paris, Ky. 




THE, G^EAT 



MAJESTIC 

MALLEABLE J'ROJ^ A^fD STEEL 

-^ RANGE ^^ 



Is now for sale throughout the Southern States by first-class dealers 

Lajts longer 

rVj-eo- less fuel 
Heats more laaier 
HeaU ii quicKer 
Gi-Oes belter general 
Satisfaction 
Than any other 

If interested, write for catalogue and prices, azid ask why we claim the 
MAJESTIC THE BEST 

MAJESTIC MFG. CO.. 2026 Morgan St. ST. LOVIS 



Shopping by Mail 

MRS. GERTRUDE F. HESS 

Purchasing Agent 

Hotel SI. James, 105 W. 45lh Street, New York 

is now taking orders for AVocldins Troiiss 'aux, 
Easter Gowns and Hats. Shopping of all de- 
scriptions free of charge. Estimates cheerfully 
given. Write for Circular and References. 



$^^^ n... A...... Bend UB your address. 

^^M Q IIQV XlIlD and we vill show you 
IK Q UQl GUI C how to muke $3 a day 
»^> / absolutely sure. We 

^^^ furnish the work and teach you free. You 
work in the locality where you live. Send us your 
sddress and we will explain the business fully. Ke- 
membe: we guarantee a clearproflt of $3 fo- every 
day's work absolutely sure. Write at once 
ROYAL MANUFACTURING CO., Box 799. Oetioit, Mich. 




LET US MAKE YOUR 

Shirt Waist Suit. 

Prt-tty Suits like cut, pl.iit- 
ed wai^'taml ll--ore plaiu-l 
pkirl of Muhaii-, only...S5.95 

Made of silk, fur .".....S9.95 

Other s.tyles, up to S30,G0 

■\Vc make every t-uit to or- 
der; WQ p:uara"nlee fit anti 
satii^raction. We have 
pleased tliousauds of otli- 
ers; we can please 
you. Send for style 
sheets to-day. 

Lon Campbells Co., 

DEPT. "V," 
LOUISVILLE, KY. 



f 



L 



NEW ORLEANS 

Picayune 



a; the most reliable, 

NEWSIEST, and CLEANEST 
PAPER IN THE SOUTH X 



A necessity in every home. Full Associated 
Press reports covering the news of the 
world, and special telegrams from all sec- 
tions of the South. Special articles by dis- 
tinguished authors. 

Price, three months, $3.00. 

Cb« 

Cwiec=a=Uleek 

Picayune 

published every Monday and Thursday, ten 
puges each issue, covering the latest mar- 
ket reporlE and all important news of the 
world. 
One year, SI. 00. Or we will send 
the "Confederate Veteran and 
Tn iee-a-Week Ticaynne one year 
for W1.50. 

Address either Ne\v Orleans Picayune, 
New Orleans, La., or Confederate Vet- 
EKAN, Nashville, Tenn. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at NashviUp, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Contributors are requested to use oi.l^ one side of the paper, and to abbrevi- 
ate as much as practicable. These sugo-eslions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the \'eterax cannot un- 
dertake to return them. Advertising^ rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is ahva\s given to the month bi-fore it ends. For 
Instance, if the Veteran is ordered to begin with Januarj-, the date on mail 
list will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



OFFICIALLY REPRESENTS: 



The civil vj-AX w.as too long aro to be called the late war, and when cor- 
respondents use that term *' War between the States" will be substituted. 

The terms'* new Southland "lost Cause" are objectionable to the Veteran. 



United Confederate Veterans, 

I'NiTED Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans, a:;d Other Orgamizations, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association. 

The Veteran is approved and indorsed otiicially by a larger and more 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in existence. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Price, $1.00 per Year. tVnT YTIT 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. ( ^ "''■ ^^^^• 



NASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1905. 



No. 4. ] 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM, 
Proprietor. 



LOUIS]- ILl.E REUNION ARRANGEMENTS. 

That which is designated as the reunion issue of the Vet- 
KRAN for Ipos will be the May number. The Louisville Com- 
mittee will occupy large extra space. 

Splendid as were the successful steps taken by the city of 
Louisville and State of Kentucky in arranging the royal re- 
ception given to the Southern soldier at the United Confed- 
erate Veterans' reunion in IQOO, the preparations for their 
meeting here June 14-16, 1905, will surpass all previous rec- 
ords. Nearly all the members of the 1900 Reunion Commit- 
tee are on duty for 1905, and the committee has been en- 
larged, the full coiTimittee being: John H. Leathers, Presi- 
dent; Bennett H. Young, First Vice President; John B. 
Castleman, Second Vice President ; Gen. B. W. Duke, Third 
Vice President; Capt. Sam H. Buchanan, Fourth Vice Presi- 
dent; ThoiTias D. Osborne, Secretary; J. W. Green, Treas- 
urer; William B. Haldeinan. Capt. John H. Weller, D. Thorn- 
ton, Andrew AL Sea, J. A. Shultlcworth, A. E. Richards, W. 
M. Marrincr, E. Basyc, George C. Norton, Thomas W. Bul- 
litt, Maj. D. W. Sanders, Capt. John B. Pirtle. 

President John H. Leathers is a magazine of matchless 
methods, has had a leading part in providing for all great 
gatherings in this city, and can get more work out of men 
and more worth out of a dollar than any other man. He is 
cashier and manager of the Louisville National Banking Co., 
and for years has led in fraternal and charitable work. 

Vice President Bennett H. Young is the prince among men, 
who manfully managed the previous reunion. His large legal 
business led him to get excused from being at the head this 
time. Probably no man in the South is so widely known and 
loved by the wearers of the gray. 

Gen. John B. Castleman, the hero of two wars, the father 
of the horse show, and founder of Louisville's peerless park 
system, has charge of the invitations. 

Gen. Basil W. Duke, the idol of Morgan's men and many 
others, will manage the transportation affairs. Messrs. Sam 
H. Buchanan, Elijah Basye, John \V. Green. James A. Shut- 
tleworth, George C. Norton, and John B. Pirtle are among 
the finar.cial pillars of the city. Four — Buchanan, Basye, 
Jfifeen, and Pirtle — belong to the renowned Orphan Brigade. 
George C. Norton was the loved captain in the fighting 
Eighth Georgia Infantry, and John B. Pirtle was the favorite 
aid on the staff of the late Maj. Gen. William B. Bate. 

City Attorney A. E. Richards, Thomas W. Bullitt, and D. 
W. Sanders stand highest at the Louisville bar. Judge Rich- 
ards was "Major Dolly" Richards in Mosby's Cavalry, Judge 



Bullitt was a lieutenant under Morgan, and Judge Sanders 
was major on the staff of Maj. Gen. French. 

Prof. W. M. Marriner. who served so successfully as sec- 
retary last reunion, was excused, and is chairman of printing 
this year. He is, and has been for thirty years, Principal of 
the Second Ward City School. 

D. Thornton is a prominent lumber man, but has almost 
given up business for reunion matters. He is chairman of 
headquarters for States, and has aroured the greatest inter- 
est, not to say enthusiasm, and every '. .ate will have the best 
headquarters, equipped with bands of .nusic, information bu- 
reau, refreshments, buffet, etc. Gen. Thornton is the estimable 
Commandcr of the Third Kentucky Brigade. 

Capt. Andrew M. Sea is the faithful and efficient Secretary 
and Trustee of the Confederate Home, and will see that it is 
visited by all who come to Louisville. He also serves as 
chairman of the Auditing Committee. 

Messrs. W. B. llaldcman, John H. Weller, and Thomas D. 
Osborne are three more of the Orphan Brigade. Col. Halde- 
nian. eldest son of the honored W. N. Haldeman, is the best- 
equipped newspaper man in public life. He has been given a 
delicate and difficult duty — chairman of sponsors. 

Capt. John H. Weller, Chairman of the Board of Public 
Works and right-hand man in Church and charity work, is 
chairman on decoration and illumination of public buildings. 

Thomas D. Osborne, whose fad is fraternity, is Secretary 
of the Executive Committee and Chairman of the Press Com- 
mittee, and has been complimented on his work. 

Among the many features of the reunion, prominent will 
be : Steamboat excursions ; barbecue at Shawnee Park ; con- 
cert in all the parks ; reception at the Gait House ; garden 
party at Shawnee Park; all the theatrical attractions; spon- 
sors' ball in the horse show building; latest, largest, and most 
novel decorations ; short parade, with countermarch on 
Broadway, the most beautiful boulevard in America. 

Everything will be absolutely free to all Veterans wearing 
badges, nothing else required ; but great care will be exer- 
cised in issuing badges. These will bear the portrait of John 
C. Breckinridge, who left the vice presidency and the United 
States Senate to fight for the South. He was the first com- 
mander of the Orphan Brigade. 

The Veteran announces that arrangements have been made 
by the Reunion Committee for the most liberal showing yet 
made by any city entertaining. It will be a "reunion issue." 
All notices to appear in it should be sent as quickly as prac- 
ticable. 



150 



Qopfcderate l/eteraf). 



EXTRACTS FROM RECENT GENERAL ORDERS. 

[Gen. Stephen D. Lee, Commander in Chief United Con- 
federate Veterans, has issued recently many general orders 
through his Adjutant General, W. E. Mickle.] 

One Brevet Command"r in Chief. 

In conformity with the Constitution (Art. XL), the General 
Commanding gives notice to the Camps of Uie Federation of 
the following change in the Constitution, notice of which has 
been filed with these headquarter.'^ — to wit : 

"Art. VL, Sec. I. After the words 'one General, Com- 
mander in Chief, its executive head,' add 'one Brevet Com- 
mander in Chief, with the rank of Lieutenant General, who, 
in the event of a vacancy in the office of General Commander 
in Chief, shall assume and discharge the duties of Com- 
mander in Chief until a Commander in Chief can be elected 
at the ensuing Annual Convention.' " 

The reason assigned for offering this amendment is stated 
as follows : "This amendment is proposed so that, in the 
event the General shall be ill or unable for any reason to dis- 
charge the duties of his office, or if he shall have died during 
his incumbency, the Brevet Commander can assume command, 
and thus avoid confusion and all possible discussion as to the 
right of succession." 

Gen. Lee announces Miss Carrie Peyton Wheeler, daughter 
of Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, as sponsor for the South at the 
Louisville reunion. Her maids of honor are : Miss Clara 
Haldeman, daughter (f Col. W. B. Haldeman, Louisville, 
Ky. ; Miss Lena Swifi, of Atlanta, Ga. Mrs. Henry Heiiser, 
of Louisville, Ky., is designated as matron. 

New U. C. V. C.^mps. 

The General Commanding announces the fellowship of the 
following Camps in the organization of the United Confed- 
erate Veterans, all registered in conformity with the dates 
in their respective charters, also their numbers and head- 
quarters, as follows : 

Mike Powell Camp, No. 1564, Montgomery, Tex. 

J. B. BifiSe Camp, No. 1565. Waynesboro, Tenn. 

Pap Price Camp, No. 1566, Morrisville, Mo. 

Everett Camp, No. 1567, Holder, Ind. T. 

J. A. Early Camp, No. 1568. Rocky Mount, Va. 

Hugh McGuire Camp, No. 1569, Lebanon Church, Va. 

Pagan Camp, No, 1570, Redwater, Tex. 

Basset Camp, No. 1571, Noma, Fla. 

Confederate Cross Camp, No. 1572, Helena, Ga. 

John B. Gordon Camp, No. 1573, Lawton, Okla. 

Confederate Veteran Camp, No. 1574, Scotland Neck, N. C. 

E. T. Stackhouse Camp, No. 1575, Latta, S. C. 

Headquarters' Tribute to Kentucky. 
In officially announcing the Louisville reunion for 1905 
Gen. Stephen D. Lee, by Adjt. Gen. Mickle, states : "The 
Commanding General cannot attempt to enumerate the many 
;iltractions the glorious commonwealth of Kentucky has to 
offer the United Confederate Veterans, but he may say 
that no State in the Union can point to a grander array of 
noble Confederate sons than Albert Sidney Johnston, Dick 
Taylor, John H. Morgan, John B. Hood, John C. Breckin- 
ridge, Simon B. Buckner, Humphrey Marshall, George B. 
Crittenden, and scores of others that could be named ; and 
he mentions with pecu ir pride that to her belongs the honor 
of giving to the hum .n race that great patriot, chivalrous 
leader, and unstained Southern gentleman, Jefferson Davis, 
our first and only President." 



The Gordon Memorial Flag. 
As a personal tribute to the memory of his predecessor, the 
General Commanding has appointed as aid on his staff, with 
the rank of colonel. Comrade Abner T. Holt, of Macon, Ga., 
and accordingly details him as permanent color bearer for 
the "J. B. Gordon Memorial Flag." In order that every re- 
spect shall be given the memory of our beloved dead Com- 
mander in Chief, Col. Holt will at all reunions, in whatever 
city held, report to the chief marshal for assignment to a 
position in the parade. 

Confederate Dead on Johnson's Island. 

The ladies of the Robert Patton Chapter, of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, of Cincinnati, Ohio, headed by 
Mrs. Mary Patton Hudson, properly care for the Confed- 
erate dead on Johnson's Island. Two hundred and six of our 
dead comrades occupy this "God's Acre," far removed from 
their dear Southland; and this little band of noble and patri- 
otic women, located in a Northern State, has done much 
already to beautify these graves, and is now putting forth 
extra exertions to buy the cemetery, improve it, and then 
build a monument over the dead. 

The General Commanding wishes to direct particular at- 
tention to this most laudable effort, and to urge Camps and 
private individuals to make such substantial contributions to 
these beloved "daughters" as will enable them to complete in 
the near future the work they have so much at heart. 

Approves Legislation Concerning Confederate Flags. 

The General Commanding gives expression to the feel- 
ing of satisfaction in the heartiness and unanimity with which 
the national Legislature passed the bill restoring the Con- 
federate battle flags to the several States and tlie readiness 
with which the measure was approved by the President. Thi.s 
action is but a fresh evidence that there are now in our 
grand country no sectional lines, no South, no North, East. 
or West, but that we are all Americans, devoted to one com- 
mon country. 

In view of the good feeling shown by the Congress of the 
United States and the President, he urges all parties who 
have colors in their possession to return them at once to the 
proper State capitols, where these highly prized relics can be 
the better properly cared for, and this should be done at the 
earliest moment. He indulges the hope that this wish may 
be complied with, and that private parties may manifest as 
much brotherly feeling as the national authorities. 

The General Commanding is satisfied that the display in 
the various State capitols of these precious heirlooms, which 
represent the highest devotion, the greatest self-sacrifice, the 
most persistent courage witnessed in modern warfare, will 
do a great deal to stimulate the patriotism of the rising 
generation. These evidences of bravery on the part of their 
fathers cannot but add to the pride that our children feel in 
the heroic and daring exploits of their ancestry, and is the 
surest way to encourage and magnify that feeling of love of 
country. 

The Commanding General desires that some official ac- 
knowledgment should be made to Hon. John Lamb, a Con- 
federate veteran, who introduced the measure in Congress, 
to the Senate and House of Representatives, who passed it 
without a dissenting voice, and to the President, who immedi- 
ately approved it; and he urges Camps everywhere to formu- 
late resolutions expressive of their indorsement. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



151 



Death of Postmaster-General Reagan 

Judge John H. Reagan, the last survivor of the Confed- 
erate Cabinet, passed into rest on Monday, March 6, at his 
home, in Palestine, Tex., full of years and of honors. 

He was born in Sevier County, Tenn., October 8, i8i8, and 
was, therefore, at the time of his deatli in his eighty-sixth 
year. He began life under very adverse circumstances, but 
this fact served only to call forth that indomitable pluck and 
determination that were ever marked features of his whole 
career. Whether engaged in the daily labor of the farm, or 
fighting Indians on the border, or discharging the duties of 
an attorney-at-Iaw, or administering justice from the bench, 
or serving his country in the State or national Legislature, 
he was ever the same thorough, painstaking patriot. By close 
application to all that he undertook, he made a complete suc- 
cess of every detail, and won plaudits from all with whom he 
was associated, whether of his own or the opposing party. 

His never-failing ability was best shown in the management 
of the postal affairs of the Confederate government when lie 
was Postmaster-General. With all the disadvantages with 
which he had to contend, by his determination and unceasing 
labors he gave the South faithful postal service, and adopted 
a system that those qualified to judge say was almost per- 
fect, and one that the government to-day could wisely and 
advantageously follow. 

Demise of United States Senator Bate. 

The ink is scarcely dry on the order announcing the death 
of the last member of President Davis's Cabinet when the 
General Commanding is called on to chronicle the demise of 
another distinguished Confederate, Brig. Gen. William B 
Bate, Judge Advocate General on the staff of the Commander 
in Chief, who passed quietly and peacefully away on Thurs- 
day morning, March 9, in Washington, D. C. 

He was born near Castalian Springs, in the State of Ten- 
nessee, on October 7, 1826. His early employment as clerk 
on a river steamer brought him into association with the 
leading men of the day, and he formed friendships that lasted 
him through life. On leaving this occupation he began the 
study of law, and was at no distant date elected district 
attorney, which position be filled to the satisfaction of all 
parties till the breaking out of the war, when he joined a 
Tennessee regiment as a private. By sheer force of merit 
he rose rapidly by promotion to the rank of major general in 
the Confederate army, and held that rank when he sur- 
rendered with the Army of Tennessee, in 1865. He was three 
times wounded, once seriously. 

Gen. Bate resumed the practice of law after the close of 
the war. and acquired a wide reputation as an able and suc- 
cessful lawyer. He was made Governor of the State, which 
office he held for two terms, when he was elected United 
States Senator, where he represented his people in the most 
creditable way, dying at his post of duty at the beginning of 
a fourth term. 

Col. C. S. Arnall 

The General Commanding announces the death of another 
of his military household — Col. Charles S. Arnall, an Aid on 
his Staff — under most painful circumstances on the morning 
of Thursday, February 23, at his home, in Atlanta, Ga. Col. 
Arnall was a native of Virginia, born in Augusta County in 
June, 1839. At the breaking out of the war he was a clerk 
in a banking house in Staunton. He at once resigned his 
position and became a part of the famous "Stonewall Bri- 



gade." He was at one time adjutant to Gen. Baylor. He 
fought throughout the war without a furlough, and sur 
rendered at Appomattox. 

Col. Arnall moved to Atlanta not long after the cessation 
of hostilities, and resided there till his death. His high char- 
acter in all of his transactions endeared him to those with 
whom he came in contact His devotion to the U. C. V. cause 
and his unwearying efforts to assist his comrades in distress 
made him a universal favorite, and his quiet, simple life set 
him apart as an example to follow. 



OVERFLOW OF 'LAST ROLL" TRIBUTES. 

After putting to press the sketch on page 174 a letter re 
oeived from Judge Wyndhani Kemp, of El Paso, states : 

"Maj. Perrin was the eldest son of William K. and Sarah 
Tayloe Perrin, and was born in the old home where he closed 
his useful life. Early in the war he assisted in organizing the 
Twenty-Sixth Virginia Regiment, and remained with it until 
Gen Lee's surrender. He was successively captain, major, 
and lieutenant colonel ; but, as was his father, an officer in 
the War of 1812, he was known and greeted as 'Maj. Perrin.' 

"Few men saw more active and arduous service than he 
during the four years of strife in which he was engaged, 
and. though in many battles with many narrow escapes, he 
was spared any serious hurt. At the 'crater,' in front of 
Petersburg, a bullet passed tlirough his hat. and at Appomat 
tox he was grazed by a fragment of shell. At the surrender 
he was the ranking officer and in command of his brigade. 

"After the war he devoted his energies to the pursuits of 
peace. In the army no officer was more sincerely loved by 
his men. In the 'paths of peace' no one enjoyed a higher 
meed of respect. Called to various offices in civil life, he 
filled them with marked ability, and as soldier or citizen he 
was true to every trust 

"He left to mourn their loss a devoted wife, two daughters, 
three sons, and friends whose 'name is legion.' His last 
illness was of short duration, but when the summons cam 
u found bun ready to 'cross over the river and rest under the 
shade of the trees. ' Faithful in every relation, as son, parent 
or husband, soldier or civilian, neighbor or friend, he wore 
the white flower of a blameless life,' and by his splendid 
example has bequeathed to those who survive him the lesson 
in the beautiful language of the 'Rubaiyat:' So live that 
'When that angel of the darker Drink 
At last shall find you by the river brink. 
And, offering his cup, invite your soul 
Forth to your lips to quaff, you shall not shrink.' " 

CoL. Duke Goodman. 
Col. Duke Goodman was born in Mobile, Ala., December 
29, 1842 : and died at his home, in Fort Worth, Tex., January 
25, 1905. In .\pril. 1861, he joined Company B, Louisiana 
Guards, and was mustered into the Confederate service with 
the Second Louisiana Volunteer Infantry. Shortly after, b) 
special order, his company was converted into artillery, and 
attached to Gen. Dick Taylor's Brigade, Early's Division, 
Stonewall Jackson's Corps. He participated in all the impor- 
tant battles fought in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania 
by the Army of Northern Virginia. He was never absent 
from roll call, never missed a battle i i which his compan> 
participated during the four years of is service, and of his 
party of thirteen who first answered i ")11 call in April, 1861, 
he was the only one left to answer it at Appomattox 



162 



Qoijfederate l/ctcrai}. 



He went from his home, in New Orleans, to Texas directly 
after the war, first to Sherman, but later to Fort Worth. He 
was most popular, and was a successful business man. Col. 
Goodman was inspector general on the staff of Gen. K. M. 
Van Zandt, Commander of the Texas Division, U. C. V., at 
the time of his death. 

The foregoing was in type for the March issue, but was 
withheld through the desire to give his portrait and other data. 
In disappointment through the efifort to procure a worthy 
likeness, the Veteran reprints part of Col. Goodman's action 
before the last convention of Texas Veterans at Temple, 
July 21, igo4, in which he said: 

"Comrades: The hour has now arrived for the election of 
officers. I desire before you proceed with tlie election of 
Major General, which is the highest office in this Division, to 
prelude this action with a fitting expression of appreciation 
and love. We have with us a distinguished comrade from 
another State, a veteran who has done more to perpetuate 
the truths of your history and memories of your dead than 
any other one man in the South or out of it. I know of 
nothing we can do that would be more expressive than to 
bestow upon this comrade a distinctive honor, an honor that 
no other comrade in our Southland enjoys at your hands. 
I now move that Comrade S. A. Cunningham, of Nashville, 
Tenn., editor of the Confederate Veteran, be elected an 
honorary member of the Texas Division, U. C. V." 

The motion carried unanimously and with a rising vote. 

The following sketch of Col. Duke Goodman's army life 
is presented as he wrote it, June 12, 1904 : 

"Forty-one years ago the Louisiana Guard, Company B, 
was mustered into the Confederate service, April 26, 1861, 
and became Company B, of the Second Louisiana Volunteer 
Infantry, under Capt. C. E. Girardy. By special order No. 
272, dated July 25, 1861, the company was transferred to 
field artillery and attached to Dick Taylor's (afterwards Har- 
ry T. Hayes's) Louisiana Brigade, Dick Eniil's (afterwards 
Early's) Division, Stonewall Jackson's Corps, army No. 7. 
The engagements participated in are as follows : Lynnhaven 
Bay, Seven Pines, Frazer's Farm, Malvern Hill, Welford's 
Ford, Cedar Mountain, Warrenton, Bristow Station, Manas- 
sas (three days). Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, Shepherds- 
town, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, Win- 
chester, Hagerstown, Huntertown, Fairfield (Penn.), Rap- 
pahannock Bridge, Kettle Run, Fort Gilmer, Shirley, Sum- 
merville F'ord, Charles City Road, and Cold Harbor. Under 
fire around Pittsburg daily for several months, when 
"Marse" Robert E. Lee at Appomattox C. H. respectfully asked 
us to quit, the Louisiana Guard Artillery gracefully, with 
heads erect and proud of the record they had made, ex- 
changed their four steel guns to U. S. Grant for a small piece 
of paper, the requirements in which paper each and every 
member of the 'old guard' has faithfuly lived up to. 

"The writer was but a humble private, never absent from 
roll call or when boots and saddle was called. I have only 
to say that Stonewall Jackson was my leader for the world 
to know the service I performed. 

"I left my comfortable home in New Orleans when a mere 
boy, marching to the music of the fife and the kettledrum 
and to the tune of 'The Girl I Left Behind Me,' with a hand- 
some new uniforn, only to return four years later in tatters 
and rags, foot-so.^ . id shoeless, chanting as best I could in 
my feeble and worn-out condition that dear old song, 'Home, 
Sweet Home,' and never again to gather three days' rations of 



hard corn, parch some, and be ready to march by two o'clock 
in the morning (for that was Stonewall's way). 

"In conclusion, I will say that of my party of thirteen who 
answered the first roll call, in April, 1861, only your humble 
servant remained to answer the call at Appomattox C. H., 
in April, 1S65. 

"Yours truly, Duke Goodman." 

General Order No. 56 is as follows : 

"Fort Worth, January 25, 1905. 

"With sincere grief the Major General commanding the 
Texas Division, of the United Confederate Veterans, an- 
nounces the sudden death of Col. Duke Goodman, Inspector 
General of the Division, which occurred at his home, in this 
city, Wednesday, January 25, at 2:30 a.m. 

"The history of Comrade Goodman is resplendent with 
noble impulses and good deeds for all men, but more es- 
pecially for those who honorably wore the uniform of Con- 
federate soldiers during the War between the States, from 
1861 to 1865. 

"Col. Goodman was born December 2g, 1842, at Mobile, 
Ala. His record as a soldier is a most honorable one. He 
enlisted at New Orleans in October, 1861, in Company A, 
Louisiana Guards (artillery), H. T. Hay's Brigade, Early's 
Division, Stonewall Jackson's Corps, Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia, and participated in all the important battles on the soil 
of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania up to and includ- 
ing the surrender of Gen. R. E. Lee at Appomattox, April 
9, 1865. 

"In all the relations of life he recognized his duty to his 
family, his country, and his friends, and was faithful to the 
end. May he rest in peace! 

K. M. Van Zandt, Major General Commanding; 
George Jackson, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff." 

Senator William B. Bate. 
Senator Williain B. Bate's death, at Washington, D. C, 
March 8, 1905, is known throughout the nation. His official 
position and his character induced the highest consideration 
in his honor. The large funeral in the national capitol, in 
which the President and other officials of the government, 
his fellow-Senators, members of Congress, and many friends 
paid fitting tribute; then the special train bringing the 




senator bates casket in CAPITOL OF TENNESSEE. 



Qoi>federat<^ l/eterar), 



153 



family, Senators, and other friends to Nashville with the 
remains, and the great gathering of people — the largest, un- 
questionably, ever seen at a funeral in the State — are evi- 
dences of respect and esteem which cannot but inspire young 
men to lives of ambitious integrity. 

Senator Bnte's unfailing advocacy of the cause of his peo- 
ple makes the honors paid to his memory tributes to the in- 




STATE CAriTOL AT TIME OF FUNERAL. 

legrity of llie cause lie vindicated with every breath of his 
life. Another occasion may be used to pay tribute to his 
character in a sort of life sketch 

Gen. Bate was no less conspicuous for his gallantry in the 
war than for his integrity in civil life. A quoted remark by 
his devoted wife to a lady friend who was with her during 
the trying ordeal of seeing the hero fall on sleep and who 









^. M\ 


HiSI SMpPs^^ 


'*^>msm 




'" '^^^^^s^Hflt^'' "^■'' 





accompanied her from Washington to Nashville on the special 
train expressed that which would satisfy those who did not 
know him personally in this terse sentence : "This is his first 
free ride." The last message dictated by Gen. Bate was one 
of condolence to Mrs. John H. Reagan. 




UNDER HIS OLD .FLAG AT MOUNT OLIVET. 



FROM RECENT PICTURE OF SENATOR BATE. 

In a tribute to Gen. Bate Mrs. (ieorge E. Pickett says: 

"One by one the champions of the South in her days of 
grand endeavor answer to the last roll call, and our hearts 
go with them to the gate through which they pass to join 
the comrades whose warfare is over. 

"When William Briniagc Rate passed away with the heaped 
honors of a noble life upon his head, he left behind him, as 
a legacy to his country's history, a long record of good deeds, 
worthy effort, and grand achievement, which will remain 
while our nation stands— a lesson in patriotism, truth, and 
virtue to all coming after him who would follow in the foot- 
steps that lead to the high goal of a lofty citizenship. 

"Trained in the practical school of the Mexican War, be 
brought to the Southern cause a patriotism strengthened in 
the lires of battle and a gallantry in action that brought him 
speedy promotion until, as commander of a division in the 
.Army of Tennessee, he surrendered at the close of the brave 
struggle. 

"But it remains for civic life to test the enduring qualities 
of mind and heart whereby man makes bis mark permanently 
on the character of his age and sets in motion the wave of 
his influence for the development of right principles in future 
a,ges. The mental and spiritual force developed by the good 
man of to-day will make brighter and strong''- and deeper the 
intellectual and moral life "^ *'^ morrow- 

"Tennessee mourns the son who has stood for the intf rests 
of his State and an unfailing champion for the highest riglits 
of man. The nation mourns the wisdom which saw clearly 



154 



Cl^o^federat^ l/eterap, 



down the way, tht strong hand to gnidc upon the right road, 
the courageous heart that never faltered in the path of duty. 

"The hislory of Senator Bate is worthily completed. The 
fair record, free from blot or stain, is a treasured part of 
the story of our nation, an inspiration to future glory." 



Hon. John H. Reagan. 

Witli pathetic deference the Veteran pays tribute to the 
honored and thoroughly beloved John H. Reagan, who lived 
to advocate the principles of the South in the si.vties long 
after all his associates of the Confederate Cabinet had gone 
to their reward. Years before the Veteran was conceived 
its editor, while attending a Te.xas State Fair at Dallas, had 
the une.xpected and delightful opportunity of seeing Mr. 
Reagan. lie sat quietly on a projected floor, with a friendly 
word to those who called upon him. The Tennesseean in- 
troduced hiiTiself, and he cherishes still the "memory of the 
cordial manner of Senator Reagan. He recalls the pene- 
trating, kindly eye, the gentle yet firm voice, and especially 
the cordial words, in parting, of hope that he be informed of 
the next visit to Texas. Every greeting in the succeeding 
years and his cordial words of encouragement are vividly 
remembered, and the desire to do the eminent Southerner 
honor exceeds the capacity. He was faithful to attend all 
the conventions of Veterans and Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy when practicable, and he will be sadly missed by them 
in future assemblies. 

[In a tribute to Mr. Rea.gan as a notable character Bishop 
E. E. Hoss, of the M. E. Church, South, now a resident of 
Dallas, Tex., made the following statements.] 

The death of Judge John Henninger Reagan removes one 
of the most notable of all the men that have figured in the 
hislory of this State. He was born in Sevier County, Tenn., 
in 1818. Three years ago I had the pleasure of a long con- 
versation with him at Hot Springs, in Arkansas, and learned 
many facts about his career. 

He came of good, sturdy Methodist stock. They are a 
dependable folk — plain, straightforward, and self-reliant. I 
have never known or heard of one of tliem that was not 
worlh.y of respect. 

The early life of Judge Reagan was not easy. From his 
youth up he was compelled to labor for his own living with 
his own hands ; and when he came to eminence he was not 
ashamed to acknowledge the fact, but rather gloried in it. 
Before he was eighteen he had made up his mind to seek a 
wider field than could be found in the mountain region of his 
birth, and so set his face toward Texas. His friend and 
employer. Dr. Brabson, lent him a horse to ride to the Ten 
nessee River, on which he was to take a steamboat. A boy 
came to the river with him to take the horse back, and frankly 
said to him as they parted : "Well, John, I bate to part with 
you ; but still I'm glad to see you going, for I think that I 
can now get Melissa." 

In the seventy years that have since intervened. Judge 
Reagan has had a hand in nearly everything of importance 
that has occurred in the commonwealth of his adoption. He 
possesed all the qualities necessary to enable him to play a 
prominent part in the life and growth of a pioneer com- 
munity. Everybody recognized him as the possessor of a 
large stock of common sense and an absolutely inflexible in- 
tegrity. Added to these qualities were an untiring energy 
and a fearlessness that quailed not in the presence of any 



danger. He was ambitious for fame and fortune, but de- 
termined to pursue tbeni by direct and open methods. 

From the begiiming his fellow-citizens trusted him. In 
some way or other he had picked up at least as much knowl- 
edge of surveying as George Washington had, and he soon 
found abundant use for it. Later he became an active officer 
in the militia of the republic. The conditions by which he 
was surrounded made it inevitable that he would study law. 
He had a capacity for thinking as well as a love for reading, 
and by the time he was thirty-five he had been elevated to 
the bench, and made a just and able judge, administering 
ju'-tice without fear or favor. 

In 1857 he was elected to the Federal Congress, and held 
that post till the beginning of the War between the States, in 
1861. On the organization of the Confederate Government, he 
became Postmaster-General in the Cabinet of President Da- 
vis, and so continued till the collapse came, in 1865. Every 
other man that belonged to either the Federal or the Con- 
federate Cabinet during that stormy period has long since 
died. Along with Mr. Davis and other leaders, he was ar- 
rested and imprisoned on the charge of treason. 

As soon as Judge Reagan's disabilities were removed, he 
was again sent to Congress, and after two or three terms was 
chosen to the Senate. In this latter body he added to his 
reputation with every passing year, and achieved leadership 
in many ways. Before the close of his second term, however, 
he resigned to accept a place on the Texas Railroad Com- 
mission. This was his last public service, and lasted for many 
years. He held, first and last, alinost every office that Texn^ 
could give him except the Governorship of the State. He 
wanted that also, and could have had it ; but when it was 
virtually tendered to him on a platform which his judgment 
did not approve, he declined to take it. 




HON. J. H. REAGAN. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



1 55 



It is matter for congratulation that liis whole record is 
free from stain of every sort. He never paltered witli the 
truth ; he never abjured his honest convictions to achieve suc- 
cess ; he iievt-r used his opportunities as a public servant to 
heap up a personal fortune. It never entered his thought to 
l)artcr away his principles for sordid gain. An old-fashioned 
State rights, strict-construction Democrat, he would have 
remained true to the teachings of Jefferson and Jackson if 
everybody else had deserted and left him entirely alone. 

On all moral issue? he was sure to take the right side. 
.When the question of prohibiting the liquor traffic by con- 
stitutional amendment came up a few years ago, he at once 
and unequivocally gave his voice and influence in favor of 
the policy, though he must have known that it would set a 
.;;reat array of hostile influences to work against him; and he 
stoutly stood his ground even when Mr. Davis, to whom he 
was devotedly attaclu-d. suffered hiniseH to be drawn into 
the discussion on the other side. 

All his life long Judge Reagan was a strong and consistent 
Methodist. His baptismal name — John Henninger — was given 
him by his parents in honor of a famous Holston preacher 
The memory of his early home, with its simple pieties, helped 
him, no doubt, in the hard struggles through which he often 
passed and kept him true and steady when all the cross cur- 
rents of life were beating upon him. 

Three or four years ago he concluded, after an absence of 
more than sixty years, to make a visit to Sevier County 
.■\ friend tried to persuade him, saying: "Everybody is dead 
that you knew and loved, and it will only make you sad to 
see the changes that have taken place Resides, nearly every 
man in that section is a Republican, and will not be well in- 
clined to the sole survivor of Jefferson Davis's Cabinet" 
But his mind was made up. and he took the trip His eyes 
fairly sparkled as he told me about it. When he reached 
Knoxville, a committee was ready to receive him. For several 
days he was the guest of the city, receiving the most dis- 
tinguished courtesies. On the road from there to Sevierville, 
twenty-five miles away, he was met, to his amazement, by t 
procession on horseback, and with a band of music escorted 
to the town and forced to make a public address. "What 
could I do?" said he to me. "I simply talked about old 
limes." The whole couiUy laid itself out to show hospitality 

10 him as the most distinguished man ever born in its limits. 

1 1 turned out that his friend who left him on the river bank 
had got Melissa, as he hoped ; that they had reared a large 
and respectable family; and that the face of the earth was 
covered with their grandchildren and remoter descendants. 
There is a human touch about this trivial incident that may 
redeem its lightness 

JiiDCF. John H. Reag.\n, P.mriot. 

(Miss Katie Daffan, of Texas, who has done more to or- 
ganize the V. D. C. in that State than any other, and recently 
President of the Texas Division, contributes the following 
sketch of Judge Reagan.] 

It is with genuine sorrow and a sense of the deepest loss 
ihat the r')aughtors of the Confederacy in Texas learn of the 
death of Judge John H. Reagan. He was the advocate of 
the work of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 
each line — charitable, memorial, historical, and social— and 
was honored and loved by every Daughter in the Southland 

It was a privilege to the Texas Division to make his birth- 
day (October 8) a day of observance, or honor day, and it 



is appropriately observed by every Chapter of the Texas Di- 
vision, at which time the Southern cross of honor is bestowed 
upon Confederate soldiers. He many times gladdened the 
hearts of the Daughters of the Confederacy of Texas by at- 
tending their annual conventions, and the warmth of his pres- 
ence and his wise counsel stimulated us to more earnest and 
efficient effort. The annual announcement of the Texas Di- 
vision, lovingly called by the Daughters "The Annual," con- 
tains in its last issue a picture of Judge Reagan, which he 
sent at our request, with a letter full of loving good cheer 
to us in our efforts to immortalize the deeds of the Confed- 
erate soldiers. 

I le was ready with assistance, even in matters of smallest 
detail, unselfish, and giving the rich blessing of his well-stored 
mind to all who sought help. He was called the "Grand Old 
Man," the "Old Roman," the "Sage of Palestine." All of 
these apply ; but he was the truest, most steadfast friend, and 
knew and lived all that the rare relation of friendship im 
plies. He could suggest ways to cross over dark places, givr 
wise counsel when it was needed, and could see, understand, 
and sympathize with a matter. He appreciated all good, bein.;.; 
always more ready to recognize the good traits of bad men 
than the bad traits of good men. 

It was my privilege to be entertained in the historic home, 
"Fort Houston," to spend hours in his library, and intently 
listen to the accounts of the early days in Tennessee, the 
imprisonment at Fort Warren, the Indian fight, and his long 
and interesting public career. This was a rare enjoyment. 
.'\ few years ago Judge Reagan visited his native county in 
Tennessee, where he was received and entertained in a man- 
lier befitting his career, his dignity, and excellent service, and 
it was with great animation that he related the many pleasant 
events to a delighted listener. His library was a wealth nf 
interesting documents, manuscripts, and valuable old books, 
.'lid few days have been more pleasant than those spent in this 
bright, sunshiny room with this venerable sage, hearing agai)i 
.iiid again incident!? in which he was such a part, and by 
virtue of which ours is a vast inheritance. 

He was our Cincinnatus. After a career remarkable for 
strength and purpose, "he came again unto his farm," and 
delighted in driving over it, giving direction here and there, 
a kind word to each laborer and each child (Judge Reagan 
loved little children). Every tree, every house would suggest 
some reminiscence of his early citizenship in Texas and his 
pioneer life in beautiful East Texas, or of his neighbor, Gen 
Sam Houston, and their many pleasant, neighborly exchanges 
Then to sit on the porch in the midday and return at once 
to topics current, to literalurc. politics, or matters patriotic! 
.\ny subject met bright response from him, for his mind was 
ever youig. ever vibrant with life and interest in what sur 
rounded him It has been my privilege from time to time to 
lie present in cities in other States when orations and gala 
ceremonies would be tendered in honor of Judge Reagan. 
His appearance in a carriage or on the speaker's stand would 
bring forth enthusiastic welcome and applause. Regard 
.ind admiration for him were uni\ersal. 

We m Texas are but a part of the great lunnlier who loverl 
him. Once, in the city of Denver — surely a beautiful, inter- 
esting city, but not "of the .South. Southern" — the reception 
accorded him was one of dignity and a keen knowledge of 
the "distinguished guest within the city's gates." 

Judge Reagan possessed initiative in a rare sense — that is, 
formulative power, the ability and the character of the pioneer. 
To go before was his forte — to prepare the way for those 



156 



Qoofe^erate l/eterai). 



who might come after. It is to the pioneer, the forniulator. 
that we owe so much. He has left to us his "Memoirs," a 
precious legacy. He is, therefore, a living presence among us. 
His life has been a benediction and a blessing to all whom 
it touched, his example an inspiration, his courage a strength, 
his fortitude and patient endurance a solace and help to all 
who find hard places in the way. 

With his love for his State as a whole, which he proved 
in so many ways, all of his life he showed a preference for 
East Texas, for the picturesque city of his choice, which, 
seeing its splendid national environment in an early day, he 
selected for his home, and there remained. And the identity 
of this city bears largely upon the fact of its being his favored 
residing place, the one which he chose for his quieter hours, 
(hose moments of solitude so dear and so necessary to us all. 
and he loved as his own the people of Palestine. The ap- 
preciation which they have shown to him in his life as well 
as his death marks them genuine, loyal friends, and citizens 
of the purest, truest type. Sweet to remember is the picture 
of my dear old friend in his great chair on the lawn, sur- 
rounded by those who constantly lived in his heart — his wife, 
who was his constant companion and who knew his every 
expression, every wish, and was therefore a part of himself : 
his daughter, whose presence was ever a source of pleasure 
to him; and dear little Will Mobley, his grandson, the com- 
panion over field and forest, for long walks and drives, of his 
venerable grandfather. 

A feeling of thankfulness conies over me in that I knew 
him and loved him ; that he assisted me in my work for the 
Confederate soldiers; that his advice and counsel was fair and 
impartial, full of consideration for everybody — nothing small 
or narrow in his great soul. 

Now, Daughters of the Confederacy, we believe in monu- 
ments. Let one tower to the sky to honor him wlio was of 
us and for us, whose soul was attuned to every measure of 
our patriotic work. We honored him while he was yet with 
us; let us honor ourselves since his great Commander has 
called him from us. Let us place monuments to his blessed 
memory as object lessons and history lessons to those who 
e-hall come after us. Let us not delay. Every act of his life 
showed appreciation and gratitude. Let us emulate him, let 
his name be engraven in our hearts, his example be our 
inspiration, his name be among the first that little children 
shall lisp, and let us return thanks that he was ours, of us, 
for us — Patriot John H. Reagan. 



after the war his remains were carried to South Carolina, 
and now rest in Magnolia Cemetery at Charleston. 



Lieut. Col. Thomas P. Alston. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas P. Alston was born in All Saints 
Parish, near Georgetown, S. C. His father was one of the 
largest and wealthiest rice planters in the State when the war 
began. Col. Alston promptly entered the Confederate service 
as a private, and assisted in bombarding Fort Sumter. After 
the surrender of the fort he organized Company F, in the 
First South Carolina Volunteers, Maxy Gregg's Regiment, 
which was sent to Virginia and assigned to A. P. Hill's Di- 
vision of the Army of Northern Virginia. He was in fifty- 
two engagements, was wounded three times, and three times 
mentioned by his superior officers for gallantry. He was 
promoted to major and afterwards to lieutenant colonel. At 
Fredericksburg he was shot in the face, and at Spottsylvania 
he was painfully wounded in the side; but on both occasions 
refused to leave the field. At Jericho Ford his arm was shat- 
tered, and amputated in the field hospital tent, and he died 
from the effects three weeks later in the Jackson Hospital, 
in Richmond. He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery ; but 



Dr. p. J, McCoRMiCK. 

At a meeting of Yazoo Camp, U. C. V., held at Yazoo City, 
Miss., on the 4th of January, 1905, the death of Comrade P. 
J. McCorniick was aimounced. He died at the residence of 
his son-in-law, Mr. S. S. Griffin, in Yazoo City, Miss., on the 
night of January 3, 1905. 

A paper signed by a committee composed of Robert Bow- 
man, G. P. Blundell, and A. F. Gerard states: 

"Dr. McCorniick was born in Roscommon County, Ireland, 
in the year 1830. When but a youth he emigrated with his 
parents to America, and received in the city of New York 
a classical education. He taught school for a time, and then 
studied and graduated in medicine. For a short time he lived 
in Savannah, Ga., and moved from there about 1857 to near 
Silver City, in Yazoo County. He enlisted in the Confederate 
army earlj' in 1862, and served with ability and fidelity as a 
surgeon of the Forty-Sixth Mississippi Regiment. He was 
kind, attentive, and humane to the sick and wounded sol- 
diers, and faithful in his duties as an officer. 

"After the war closed he settled in Yazoo City. No one 
ever ranked higher in that coniniuiiity as a physician, or as 
a man and citizen commanded more respect and esteem. He 
built a name and reputation for honesty, enterprise, and 
fidelity more noble and enduring than sculptured marble. 
Nature endowed him with noble and heroic traits of charac- 
ter, and these he retained until the end. 

"In the noted political struggle of 1875, which resulted in 




DR. p. J. M CORMICK. 

the overthrow and extermination of radical misrule and 
negro domination in Yazoo, no one was more prominent and 
more to the forefront than Dr. McCormick. He was the 
chief leader in that celebrated contest. 

"Sincerity of conviction and integrity of action marked his 
career in life. In all things he was upright and honest of 
purpose, and ever trod the path of duty with unfaltering step 
and undaunted courage. He was a true patriot, an enter- 
prising and public-spirited citizen, and an upright man. He 
was a devoted husband, a kind, aflfectionate father, a faithful 
and sincere friend, and an earnest Christian." 



C^opfederate Ueterap. 



157 



UNDER SENTENCE OF DEATH. 
[The following interesting sketch from the diary of the 
late Capt. M. A. Miller (see sketch in "Last Roll," page 175) 
of how he made his escape from "Irving Block" prison at 
Memphis is furnished by his daughter, Mrs. William R. Vaw- 
ter, of Richmond, Va. "I have one man under sentence of 
death for smuggling arms across the lines, and I hope Mr. 
Lir.cohi will approve it." The above is a quotation from a 
letter of Gen. W. T. Sherman to his brother John after the 
capture of Memphis, Tenn. And herewith is a sketch of how 
that "one man," Capt. Matthew Amos Miller, made his escape 
from prison. Capt. Miller was assistant city engineer of 
Memphis at the commencement of the war.] 

A number of the engineers and architects formed a com- 
pany of sappers and miners, of which we were the officers 
and some of our best mechanics the privates. This company 
threw up the first works of fortifications on the Mississippi 
River, beginning four miles from Memphis, then at Fort 
Pillow, Island No. 10, New Madrid, and Columbus. At the 
latter place we had our first infantry fight. Memphis was 
captured by Gen. Sherman in June, 1862. At that time I was 
home on sick leave, having just passed through a serious 
spell of typhoid fever. It was true, as stated in Gen. Sher- 
man's letter to his brother John, that the mercenary spirit 
of his people enabled us to ' uy anything we wanted for gold 
or cotton. 

When Sherman first took possession of Memphis he issued 
an order declaring gold, medicine, and salt contraband, and 
as such prohibited their sale to our people. But his orders 
were practically reversed, and we got anything we wanted. 
So greedy were they for the money that they actually sold us 
arms. The people with whom we dealt were inostly camp 
followers and merchants. Finding that arms could be easily 
procured in this way, and knowing our people needed thetn 
badly, I determined to get a quantity of them. I represented 
no one but myself, and all that I purchased were paid for by 
me out of my own funds. I was the means of equipping the 
best part of two companies of cavalry before my operations 
were discovered by the enemy. It was rather difficult to get 
the arms to the Southern soldiers after I bought them, for, 
in addition to the gunboats, the river was closely patroled 
by picket boats. My plan was to put my goods, mostly 
sabers and pistols, on board a skiff and carry them over to 
the Arkansas side, where the cavalry would get them. 

For a month I was steadily supplying our soldiers with 
arms, and met with no serious difficulty. But one afternoon 
in the latter part of July my good luck deserted me. I was 
carrying over two boxes of officers' swords, and was in the 
middle of the river, when a picket boat, that I did not see 
when I started out, ran upon me. I at once knew that danger 
was ahead, and, jumping on the gunwales of my boat, I tried 
to sink it ; but it was too heavy, and would not "dip." The 
officer in charge of the picket boat arrested me, and the skiff- 
man also, and took us with the two boxes to a gunboat near 
by. Here the boxes were opened, and as soon as the nature 
of their contents was disclosed I was at once carried to the 
military prison in the "Irving Block," in the center of the city. 
In two or three days there was a court-martial. The evi- 
dence was of course conclusive, and I could make no defense. 
What the verdict was I did not learn, as it was not pro- 
nounced ; and it was not until some five weeks afterwards 
that I became aware of it. I was first made aware of the 
seriousness of my position in a sensational way. Late one 
afternoon in July, 1862. a friend, a Miss Gibson, who had 



been calling on me, after glancing around, cautiously turned 
and whispered to me; "Captain, you are under sentence of 
death, and are to be shot at an early day. Take my advice 
get away from here before they put shackles on your ankles 
and w-rists, for then you can do nothing." 

My idea is that the officer in charge had no authority to 
carry such a verdict into execution without the approval of 
the President, pending which I was kept in ignorance. 

Later the same day of which 1 was told I was to die (I 
thir.k it must have been about August 13) Gen. Sherman 
came into my cell, accompanied by two members of his staff, 
whose names I did not know. I knew the General as soon 
as I saw him. He sat there some ten or fifteen minutes talk- 
ing to me. He was very polite, but still his manner was 
positive. In the first part of his conversation he said that 
1 was probably aware that the sentence of court-martial was 
death. I told him I had no way of knowing, as that was the 
first official notification of it that I had received. As we 
talked on. Gen. Slierman told me that in the discharge of his 
ofticial duty it would be necessary for him to have the sentence 
of the court executed, which he proposed to do on the Friday 
following. This was Monday. 

Although I knew the sentence had been passed, it did not 
impress itself on my mind as something that was actually 
going to happen. Looking Gen. Sherman straight in the face, 
I laughed, not boisterously, but in a manner that suggested 
incredulity. The General did not resent iny behavior, re- 
maining perfectly silent and courteous. One of his staff of- 
ficers, a major, spoke up curtly, saying: "Sir, do you know 
whom you are addressing?" I replied in language quite 
forcible, with the inquiry as to what he had to do with it. 
Soon after the officers left I put my wits to work to arrange 
for an escape. I had any number of friends in the city who 
were trying to help nie escape. Several plans were suggested : 
one was that I should get on the roof of the prison, then go 
down t!-.ro;igh an adjoining building. It was arranged that 
one night all the gas was to be cut off from that portion of 
the city, but that scheme failed. My wife brought me a 
strong rope with which to "scale" the walls, but I was too 
closely guarded to use it (several of the other "boys" did get 
away on it. and I still have the rope in my possession). 
Another night the guard on duty was drugged, but that plan 
failed too. 

.\fter considerable work, I finally succeeded in hitting on 
a successful scheme. In the prison there were, besides the 
regular guards, what were known as "supernumeraries," whose 
business it was to accompany prisoners to various places in 
the city. I had gotten on quite friendly terms with one of 
them, a Canadian named Redmond, who belonged to an 
Ohio regiment. He did not know of my sentence. I told 
him that my child was sick, and I wanted him to go to my 
house with me so I could see the little one, as it was not 
expected to live. This was true The man replied that he 
too had a wife and children, and if they were sick he cer- 
tainly would like to see them, so granted my request. I had 
sent word to my family that I would be home and they 
must make arrangements for me to get away. It was quit.' 
easy for me to get a message home. As the prison fare was 
unlit to eat, some of my friends always brought me my meals: 
so when I got my breakfast that morning I sent the message. 
When I had been home a few minutes, Mrs. Miller asked 
me if I would not like to take a bath and change my linen. 
She had prepared a bath in the adjoining room. The guard 
look lus position at the door. The room into which I went 



158 



C^opfederate l/ete-aij. 



after taking off my hat, coat, vest, and boots had a second 
door, which Redmond could not see from where he was 
standing. In the meantime the young lady who was nursing 
my child attracted the guard's attention by showing him some 
handsome pictures in a book. I was not idle, and quickly 
stepped into a second suit of clothes which my wife had pro- 
vided in the room in which 1 was bathing, or supposed to be 
bathing, for in reality my wife was splashing the water, while 
I was getting away. I left tlie house at once. To do this I 
had to jump out of a window, and to my great consternation 
landed right in the middle of a company of Federal cavalry 
that was camped in a lot near by my house. Luckily, they 
took no notice of me. and a vicious bulldog which came up 
about that time gave me a good excuse for breaking itito a 
run. I crossed the street in a hurry, and at a bound cleared 
a six-foot fence, which effectually hid me from view. A car- 
riage was in waiting for me in front of my house, but in such 
a position as to be in plain view of the guard. While I was 
crossing the street I signaled the driver, an intimate friend 
of mine who was acting in that capacity, and by the time I 
reached the alley on the other side of the high fence he was 
there waiting for me. I shall always think that jump over the 
fence saved my life. 

Once in the carriage, I was rapidly driven a short distance 
outside of the city, where I stopped at the house of Judge 
Woodruff. I wanted to keep on that night. There were three 
lines of pickets to be passed, and the Judge advised me to 
wait until morning, which I did. The next morning my host 
put a pair of navy sixes in my hands, and with these I made 
my way safely South. It was a case of life and death, and I 
would have fought a regiment. I rejoined the Confederates 
under Gen. Holmes. Subsequently I was transferred to Gen 
E. Kirby Smith's command, where I remained until tlie close 
of the war. 

Mr. Redmond was still interested in the pictures, but finally 
said to Mrs. Butler, who had just returned to the room: 
''Mrs. Miller, you had better call your husband." She replied : 
"He is not there." Mr. Redmond said : "I did not think tha: 
of you.'" My wife said : "He is my husband." Mr. Redmond 
thought a moment, then, looking up, said: "I don't blame you 
My wife would have done the same for me." 

Redmond was suspected of having been instruinental ni 
aiding me to escape ; but it was never proved against him. 
for no one noticed when we went out or paid any attentioji 
to Redmond when he returned. The exact hour of my escape 
was not known, and the guards were changed so often that 
it could not be found out who was on duty at the time. When 
my escape was discovered, I had been gone several hours. 

The strange part of the affair was that when Redmond was 
tried one of the witnesses swore that he saw him return with 
me. At the time of my escape the newspapers stated that, 
having had access to the city engineer's office which Gen 
Sherman was using, I had carried off plans of all the works 
around the city. On the strength of this, a reward of two 
thousand dollars was offered for iny capture. This statement 
was not, however, true ; for, although I was at liberty to go 
in and out of the engineer's office at will, I did not carry off 
any plans with me. I was able, through memory, to give 
Gen. Forrest some information as to the location of the 
enemy's works, which proved of great service to him in 
making his raid into Memphis. 

I learned after the war was over that, by the intercession 
of the Hon. Mr. McPherson (who had been a college mate 
of mine) and some of my relatives and prominent friends in 



the North, President Lincoln was prevailed upon to pardon 
me. The papers, though, were not received until after the 
day upon which I was to have been executed, so it was lucky 
for me that I did not wait for them. 



DICK HEWITT— A TRUE CONFEDERATE. 

A lady in Louisiana writes of "Dick" Hewitt, to whom 
reference is had in the history of Degourny's Battalion, Jan- 
uary Veteran. She states that she can't recall the exact 
dates of the events mentioned, but she verifies them by 
"seigniors :" 

"The latter part of the war our household in Richmond 
consisted, besides our family, of two gentlemen discharged 
from active field service for wounds and ill health and em- 
ployed in the departments. One day they said to my mother 
that they had met a friend, a soldier of New Orleans just 
exchanged, who was a very ill man, and asked if they could 
bring him to our house and care for him. Of course he was 
welcomed to our little best. He was, it appears, a relative 
of Mrs. Grant's family. When about to be exchanged, he was 
sent for by Gen. Grant and offered passage abroad, and 
means to live there until he could provide for himself. With 
grief and indignation that he could be thought willing to 
desert, the poor fellow stalked out and stood half starved 
and shivering in a pouring rain for hours, waiting to cross 
into Dixie and again join the ranks. He already had fever, 
pneumonia developed, and he died at our house, far from 
his old mother and adored young sister. 

"A childish reason for the fixedness of these events in my 
mind is that I saw for the first time the surprising spelling of 
'pneumonia.' I carried a written message. The sight of the 
word brings back to me the scene and the very tones accom- 
panying this incident." 



TRIBUTES TO GEN. LEE IN SEATTLE. WASH. 

John B. Gordon Camp, U. C. V., of Seattle, Wash, cele- 
brated Lee's birthday by assembling at the Lincoln on the 
anniversary evening, where a most enjoyable tiin^ was spent. 
This was the first celebration of the natal day of our great 
chieftain. This Camp is the most remote of all Camps. 

During the courses of an elegant dinner toasts were drank 
to the memory of our great commander, Lee, to the memory 
of Albert Sidney Johnston, of Stonewall Jackson. Joseph E. 
Johnston, the women of the South, and to the health of Mr. 
S. A. Cunningham, editor of the Confederate Veteran. 
A committee was designated to enlist the interest of South- 
ern women of the city to organize a Chapter of Daughters. 

As a matter of interest in showing how Confederates have 
scattered, the names are given of those who were present : 
John Howard Allen, Company I, Second Texas Infantry, and 
adjutant general Prince de Polignac's Brigade, staff of Gen. 
Baylor, who was later colonel in Egyptian army under Gen 
Loring ; Phil R. Simmons, captain Forty-Third Georgia, com- 
manding gunboat Magenta; David H. Chapman, Company 
B, First Louisiana Regiment; Aurelius K. Shay, Company 
B, First Louisiana, A. N. V.; James N. Gilmer, lieutenant 
Company F. Third Alabama, inspector general Grade's Bri- 
gade; S. S. Carlisle, First Missouri, chief of ordnance Gen. 
Bowen's staff, Missouri : James Morgan, Savery's Cavalry, 
Gen. Price's bodyguard; Lindsey Oliver, Texas; John F. 
Wiclensham, Cockrell's Brigade, Missouri ; Bushrod W. Bell, 
Fourth Alabama; Col. Bee. captain Company A. Twenty- 
Fifth Alabama. 



Qoi>federac^ l/eterai). 



15'< 



SOU'lI'lUhW WOMLS DESEKl'E A MONUMENT. 

The Mississippi Division. United Confederate Veterans, 
througli their Connnandcr, Gen. Robert Lowry. express them- 
selves in regard to the women's monument : 

"A resolution was offered by Comrade W. S. Coleman at 
the State reunion of the Mississippi Division, U. C. V.. held 
in Aberdeen on August 5 and 6, 1904. which was unanimously 
adopted, to-wit : 

" 'Whereas the general association of the U. C. V.'s, in 
convention assembled in Nashville, Tenn.. confessed their 
failure to raise funds for the liuilding of a monument to the 
memory of the "Women of the Confederacy" and transferred 
that sacred duty to tlie Sons of Veterans ; therefore be it 

" 'Resolved, Th;it wc, the veterans of Mississippi, feel lui- 
militated at this signal failure, which we attribute to indiffer- 
ence and not unwillingness ; that we reaffirm our love for and 
loyalty to the memory of our mothers, wives, and sisters, who 
were the "Women of the Confederacy," and pledge our help 
to our Sons in their laudable work, and pledge here that wo 
will obligate each Camp in our State for not less than fifty 
dollars to be paid into the hands of a treasurer,' etc. 

"The general commanding most heartily commends th-." 
raising of the above fund by the several Camps of the State. 
It should be a work of love to erect a monument to the 
noble and patriotic women who contributed their full share 
in the memorable struggle of the Southern States. The Camps 
in the State that comply with the resolution will notify 
the Adjutant General at Brandon, Miss." 

The beloved and honored Commander of the Mississippi 
Division illustrates th& true character of a Southerner and a 
Confederate by the official order quoted above. Many of our 
ardent comrades are doubtless humiliated and grieved at the 
apparent indifference to raise a large fund for the purpose of 
honoring onr women. All men of the South who know the 
merit to highest lionor and distinction of onr women are of 
"lie mind on this subject. It is not indifference to the cause. 
lint lack of information as to where and what to build in the 
honor of our women, that causes the inaction. The unhappy 
experiences of the Confederate Memorial .Association is an- 
other reason for inaction. The fact that "the women don't 
want it" is still another re.TSon why the monument is not 
built. Offer them something that will be productive of con- 
stantly recurring benclit to these principles, and it will be ac- 
complished as by magic. 

Vetkr.nns Succest Free Transportation for DELEr.ATES. — 
I'ldcr T C. Little, Chaplain of Camp No. 114, at Fayette- 
ville, Teim., suggests a matter of interest to the United Con- 
feder.ite Veterans. It contends the extraordinary liberality 
of giving free traii'^portation to well-accredited delegates. 
ni;iking the argument tliat the large attendance of others 
than veterans would pay the railroads, and that such free 
travel would insure a nnich larger attendance of the members 
of the organization, whereby more wholesome legislation 
would be enacted. He m.nkes the good point that many 
rcprescrtativc members who have no other motive than the 
good of the organi/.ition would look with greater diligence 
to measures intended .solely for the good of the body. Sub- 
sequent to the writing of the foregoing, the Fnyetteville Camp 
considered the subject, and recommend that request be made 
of railroads to furnish free transportation to the accredited 
delegates Tliis would insure wisely selected <lelegates, and 
might be productive nf much good for the general organiza- 
tion. 



COMMANDER MISSOURI DHISION. 

Maj. Gen. H. W. Salmon, U. C. V.. issues General Order 
Xo. I, announcing members of his staff and aids de camp : 

"Having been elected to the command of the Missouri Di 
\ ision. United Confederate Veterans, at the annual reunion 
held at the Missouri Building. World's Fair Grounds, St. 
Louis, Mo., October 6, 1904. I hereby announce the following 
as constituting the Staff of the Division : Col. William F 
Carter, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff. Clinton; Lieut 
Col. William 11. Kennan. Inspector General, Mexico; Lieut 
Col. George P. Gross, Chief Quartermaster, Kansas City ; 
Lieut. Col. J. D. Ingram, Chief Commissary, Nevada ; Lieut 
Col. John W. Halliburton. Judge .Advocate, Carthage; Lieut 
Col. J. M. .-Mien, Chief Surgeon, Liberty; Lier.t. Col. J. J. 
Fulkcrso.i, .Assistant Surgeon, Lexington : Lieut. Col. Thomas 
M. Cobb, Chaplain, Lexington. 

"The following are members of the staff as Aids-de-Camp. 
with the rank of major: J.ames C. Wallac. Kcytesville: 
Robert H. Stockton, St. Louis; W. P. Gibson. Warrensbi;rg ; 
Charles H. Howard, Waynesville : Robert McCulloch, St. 
Louis: O. H. P. Catron. West Plains; Robert J. Tucker. 
Lamar: George M. Jones, Springfield; Frank M. Russell. 
Lebanon; P. E. Cb.cstnut, St. Joseph; George W. Lankford. 
Marshal: E. McD. Coffey. Platte City; R. H. Keith. Kansa* 
City : T. C. Holland. Scdalia : James F. Edwards. Foristcl : 
.\. L. Zollinger, Oltcrville : J. \. Bradley, Papinville : J. G. 
Simpson. Bolivar: J. E. Devinney. Ripley. Tenn.: F.d. P. 
Raynolds, S.tii Marcos, Tex." 



Texas Home for Indigent Confederate Womln.- 
Through that indefatigable and enthusiastic worker. Mrs W 
P. Baugb. of San .Antonio, Tex., the success of the Texas 
Home for Confederate Women in Need, a most worthy en- 
terprise, is assured. .A lot. four hundred by one hundred and 
sixty feet, has been purchased in Austin, and the building is 
in course of construction. The plan acceptcil by the com 
mittee calls for a structure of nineteen single bedrooms. .1 
sitting room, a dining room, a hospital room, kitchen, linen 
and china closets, bath rooms with hot and cold water, ami 
all other conveniences necessary to make it a comfortabb 
"Home" in every sense. For the convenience of the inmate'^ 
to be received, many of whom are old and feeble, the building 
will be only one story and will co-^t four thousand dollars 
It is expected to be ready to receive occupants by the coming 
July. In a recent letter Mrs. Baugh asks: "Now don't you 
think this is pretty good work for fifteen months, consider- 
ing we had the World's Fair to pull against last year?" It 
certainly is. and it is a worthy example for other Daughters 
in other States. 



rREsitii-.NT Davis's Birthday Texas Holiday.— Mrs. D. A 
Nunn, First Vice President Texas Division. U. D. C. writes 
the Veteran from Crockett, Tex. : "The State of Texas, 
through its Legislature and with the approval of Governor 
Lanham. passed an act whereby the .^d of June is made a 
legal holiday, in memory of the Hon. Jefferson Davis. Presi- 
dent of tlio Confederate States." 



.A Louisiana Veteran writing to a comrade in another Stat'', 
in expressing the delight he had in learning of old messmate- 
in the service, stated: "The Veteran is a great medium 
through which our friends learn of each other. Cunningham 
is doing a noble work, and should have the cordial support 
of every living Veteran and of every friend of the dead" 



IGU 



Confederate Ueterai?. 



Confederate l/eterai). 

S. A. CUXNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office Methodist Publishinj^ House- Building-, Nashville, Tenn. 

Tliis pnhliciition is the personal property of S, A. Cuniiing^ham. All per- 
sons who approve its principlfS and realize ils benefits as an orEjan for Asso- 
ci;ilions throuiifhout the South are requested to commend ils patronage and to 
cociperate in i-xleriding' ils cirrulation. I,et each one be constantly diligent. 



WILL SOUTHERNERS EVER CO-OPERATE!' 

It may be assumed that there are at least ten thousand per- 
sons in the South who ardently espouse the cause of the 
millions who suffered during the tragic period of the sixties, 
a large percentage of whom accept the Veteran as the best 
exponent of that sentiment that ever has existed or that 
ever will be of record. They not only appreciate what it is 
doing, but bear most cordial sentiment toward its manage- 
ment, earnestly desiring its prosperity. These worthy men 
and women are practical and very intelligent persons. If 
they were assembled in a great body and what is herein sug- 
gested were proposed, they would rise en masse to demon- 
strate their approval. Moreover, they would give of their 
substance, and gladly do it for the good they knew could 
be accomplished. These constitute half of our patrons. 

But such a gathering cannot possibly occur wherein the 
particular thousands referred to could assemble at one place. 
These ten thousand persons will read this article, and they 
will approve it. They will agree that, inasmuch as the vet- 
eran soldiers of the Confederacy and the mothers who shared 
fully in the trials of that period are now dropping out to 
an alarming degree, they ought to be enlisted in making record 
for the young of to-day and for the future generations of 
their blood. They know full well that their offspring cannot 
possibly be assured of anything e.scept what is prepared for 
them in this short period. 

These ten thousand persons can each name a veteran or a 
loyal mother who would rejoice in the opportunity, who 
would cooperate in the opportunity, to supply this record 
for the great to-morrow, who do not even know there is such 
a publication as the Confederate Veteran ; yet there will 
not be one in every ten of them who will act upon this re- 
quest. They should bestir themselves, as if the character for 
loyalty to country and integrity of the millions mentioned 
were being assailed, with utter hopelessness of any other 
means to counteract it. The fact that the Veteran continues 
to appear each month and supply a creditable record seems 
to satisfy, and they glance on through the book, approving 
its very utterance, and then lay it aside, satisfied to "let 
well enough alone." Could the remarkable fact that period- 
icals not older than the Veteran have a million subscribers 
be fully comprehended, and the great need for this to grozv 
now, as soon it will have to be conducted by second hands, 
surely, surely such efforts would be made as never were made 
before in behalf of any periodical. 

In this connection, it would seem a rebuke to remind these 
ten thousand persons of the proposition made by the Veteran 
recently to send it through the year at half price for those 
who would donate it to old soldiers who are unable to pay 
for it, and that not exceeding one hundred veterans are so 
supplied. The management would conclude it to be disap- 
proved if it had not long been supported better by subscribers 
th- -1 any Southern magazine has been in all time. There- 
fore he takes renewed courage, and determines to work on 



and on, pleading that his comrades cooperate in these last 
days of their lives. Southerners should clannishly make 
herculean efforts to give the Veteran a power greater than 
ever has been exerted to mold the minds of those who are 
to sit in judgment upon all of our deeds. 

It is too bad to admit it in this connection ; but it is a fact 
that many of the best friends, who would not fail of their 
patronage, will neglect renewing for two or three years, and 
when sending remittance will make apology gracious and 
sincere. "It was simply an oversight" is the excuse. By 
this oversight the proportionate cost of sending statements 
with letter, etc., is an extra expense of at least a thousand 
dollars a year. Why cripple and embarrass by neglecting the 
important duty of renewing promptly? 

Now the way to accomplish results that are merited is, 
first, to see that your own subscription is properly renewed 
(don't write for a statement, but compute the amount from 
the date given on label) and then introduce the subject to 
others ; examine carefully the advertisements, and when or- 
dering anything found desirable write of having seen the 
notice in the Confederate Veteran ; send the names of one 
or many for sample copies, which will be sent free, and when 
the parties have read them it will be easy to secure sub- 
scribers. Suggest that several dollars may be sent at the 
same expense as one, and clubs can easily be raised. 

But the appeal intended by this editorial is far beyond the 
matter of renewing subscriptions. Years ago, soon after the 
Veteran was launched, men would leave their homes to 
solicit patronage for it. Farmers, when .the land did not suit 
for the plow, would go from neighbor to neighbor with sam- 
ple copies and make an earnest pica for patronage ; not on a 
commission basis, but they would send every cent to the office, 
their compensation being the good they realized they were 
doing. Why can't such a rally now be made? It would be 
easy to run the subscriptions by such process to one hundred 
thousand. Think of its influence from this acceleration! 

In concluding this candid discussion of the issue there is 
one consolation : When the editor has done his best, his very 
best, the hundreds of thousands who have gone to glory will 
excuse him from censure. 

The foregoing was written for the March issne. but with- 
held. It seemed rather too serious a plea. Since then busi- 
ness has been better than in the history of the Veteran. 
Indeed, the March receipts are most gratifying. That, how- 
ever, strengthens the conviction of duty and the benefit of co- 
operation. The worst calamity observed recently is in the 
statement that persons who decline to pay on the receipt of 
statements say they never subscribed. Those who do this 
are an unjust tax to the business. The Veteran is never sent 
knowingly to persons who have not subscribed and who do 
not appreciate it. 

Jefferson Davis Thoughtful Statesman. — A statement 
from Hillsboro, N. H., on March 15, igos, is that a nephew of 
President Franklin Pierce had found an autograph letter 
from Jefferson Davis to Mr. Pierce (amoung documents in- 
herited from his uncle), in which Mr. Davis wrote from the 
Senate chamber on January 30, i860: "The prospect for our 
country is not less gloomy than when you left. I will stand 
by the flag and uphold the Constitution whilst there is pos- 
sibility of effecting anything to preserve and perpetuate the 
government we inherited. Beyond that, duty and faith bind 
me to Mississippi and her fortunes as she may shape them," 



Qoijfederafe l/eterap 



i«i 



BUFOKD'S DIVISION IN HOODS REAR. 

BY CAPT. F. G. TERRY, CADIZ. KY. 

Gen. Buford's Division of Cavalry, including the Eighth 
Kentucky, to which I helonged, was camped on the Lebanon 
Pike near the Hermitage, twelve or fourteen miles from 
Nashville, when the Federal forces attacked Gen. Hood on 
December 15. The day passed slowly with us. The men were 
anxious and restive as they listened to the booming of guns 
in the direction of Nashville, No orders and no news came 
until near night, when our pickets captured a few stragglers, 
■who reported various successes and reverses for our men. 
The i6th dawned dark and gloomy, accompanied by the same 
roaring of cannon as the day before. Our anxiety was so 
intense that toward noon Lieut. G. C. Duncan, our brigade 
inspector, obtained permission to go to Gen. Hood's head- 
(juarters and get accurate information concerning the situa- 
tion. It was after midnight when he returned and reported 
that Hood was beaten, his wagons and artillery captured, and 
the army in full retreat toward Franklin. 

.\ number of iis were sleeping in a room with Col. Shack- 
Ictt, the commander of the Kentucky Brigade at that time, 
.md the agony of soul, the stupefying silence, tliat followed 
Duncan's announcement was something I can never forget. 
It was broken by Col. Shacklett's saying to nic ; "Terry, write 
and inform Gen. Buford of this. Then call the men to feed 
and prepare to march." A courier w'ith the information was 
at once sent to Gen. Buford, and soon the division, composed 
of the Kentucky Brigade, commanded by Col. A. R. Sback- 
lett. and the Tennessee Brigade, by Gen. T. H. Bell, the two 
making about fifteen hundred men, were soon on its cold, 
wet. and muddy night march toward the Franklin Pike to 
set between Hood's defeated army and his relentless pur- 
suers. Shortly before day on the 17th we halted at Hollow- 
Tree Gap, about six miles from Franklin, formed in line, 
and awaited daylight. Before dismounting T rode along the 
line of the Kentucky Brigade, and could see no other cavalry. 
At dayli.cbt the enemy began to move, and (icn. Bell's Bri- 
gade was moved past Shacklett's farther along the road 
We were informed that a body of infantry was occupying the 
gap. and during this movement of Bell's Brigade there was 
considerable firing at that point. Col. Shacklett sent mc to 
report to the conniianding officer of bis readiness to assist 
him, if necessary. I did so, and was told to take care of his 
prisoners and be would do the rest, or words to that effect. 
and shortly after some two or three hundred prisoners passed 
ns nut of the gap. .\bout this time the figliting became gen- 
eral, and all that day and far into the night Buford's Division 
was in the thick of it. Shortly after the attack was made 
at the gap several hundred Federals seized a hill in the rear 
01 our division within easy rifle range of us, and did con- 
•-iderable damage until they were driven off by two com- 
panies of the Eighth Kentucky, detached for that purpose 
under Capt. Brown. It was Buford's Division, aided by Bled- 
soe's Battery, that rescued a detachment of infantry left in 
a little fort a half or three-quarters of a mile north of the 
pontoon bridge by which all of us crossed into Franklin. 

From Hollow Tree Gap through Franklin to Spring Hill, 
to Columbia, to Pulaski, there was not a day that Buford's 
Division did not "lock horns" with Wilson's cavalry and 
not a night they did not stand between Hood's infantry and 
I he enemy. Often, by the strength of numbers, they would 
get mixed in with our lines for a few moments, but they could 
never break or stampede us. At Seven Mile Gap, south of 
Columbia, at Richland Creek, where Gen Buford was 
4*» 



wounded, above and below Lynnville the men of this division 
stood up to their work agamst overwhelming odds. At Rich- 
land Creek the Kentucky Brigade was held in line while Gen. 
Chalmers's Division crossed. The bridge was fired, and we 
were flanked right and left, when the order came to retire 
\\"l:o that witnessed it can ever forget the order in which 
wc moved away, fighting over every foot of the ground, solid 
and intact for more than half a mile? It was near this point 
that a Federal cavalryman was seen striking Gen. Chalmers 
over the head and shoulders with his saber. 

I hope sonie one with a readier pen than mine will write 
a history of this Kentucky brigade that made such an en- 
viable reputation for its loyalty, its fighting and staying quali- 
ties from the time it was assigned to Forrest's Corps until 
its surrender, at Columbus, Miss., May 15, 1865. 

BIVOUAC AND CAMP NAMED JOHN L. M'EIVEN. 
Col. John L. McEwen was born in Williamson County. 
Tenn , in January. 1822. He received his elementary educa- 
tion at the country schools taught by Messrs. Crocker and 
Walker, and read law with Messrs. Marshall and Foster, of 
l-ranklin. Though he graduated with high honors at the 
L'niversity of Nashville, his delicate health did not permit 
his doing a heavy law practice: hut he was well-read and a 
brilliant lawyer. The hospitality dispensed by the McEwens 

was proverbial throughout 
the State. After the death 
of his mother and beautiful 
sister, Mrs. John Scott, of 
St. Louis, w'hose fame as 1 
beauty extended far beyond 
local circles, he came back 
to the old home to solace 
his broken-hearted old fa- 
ther, who had experienced 
all the vicissitudes of life 
with a stout heart ; but the 

%..'- -^^j,^» - loss of wife and daughter, 
wJW^- whom he idolized, was more 
^.....-^gf^ '''3n he could endure alone. 

Only a call from his coun- 
.TOHN I,, m'ewen. try induced him to leave 

bis beloved father, lie offered his services, and was ap- 
lointed colonel of the Forty-Fourth Tennessee Regiment. 
In the spring of 1864 he was with his regiment in East Ten- 
lessee, and was ordered from there to 'Virginia. The enemy 
uas met at Drewry's Blufl^, and on the morning of the l6th 
of May he received a w-ound below the right knee. He was 
removed to Chimborazo Hospital, and died of gangrene on 
the 27th. His body was removed from the Richmond Ceme- 
tery two years later and brought home to mingle with the 
dust of his family. 

The following tribute is a portion of what his officers pub- 
lished in the Richmond liiiquircr and Atlanta Register. 

"Resolved, That in the death of Col. John Lapslcy McEwen 
we have lost a true friend, and one who had endeared himself 
lo us by his tireless attention and zeal for our welfare; our 
cause, one of its best officer.s, ready to defend it both on the 
battlefield and morally as a champion of liberty; and in his 
death society has lost one of its most brilliant ornaments a; 
a social gentleman known for his intelligence, strict integrity, 
a friend to all, and universally beloved. 

W. N. James, Chmrmnn; 
R. G. Cross. Secretary. 

"Near nrriniida Hundreils, Va., May iS, i.S/i^." 




162 



Confederate l/eterap. 



COL. JOHN C. MARRAST. 

The Marrast family in America is descended from a well- 
known French family. One member of it, Armand Marrast, 
won fame in the French Revolution, and was prominent in 
the establishment of the Republic of France. 

The grandfather of Col. Marrast, a planter on the island 
of San Domingo, owned about six hundred slaves. Being 
warned of the contemplated insurrection, he escaped with 
his family and a faithful family servant, arriving safely at 
Norfolk, Va. He died in 1845 in France, where he had gone 
to receive an inheritance which fell to him on the death of 
his father. He left two sons in America (John and William"), 
who had moved to Alabama. 

John Marrast married Miss Fenner, a sister of Dr. Fenncr. 
of New Orleans. She died in a short while. He then studied 
medicine in Baltimore. Afterwards he married a daughter 
of Dr. Samuel Kennedy Jennings, President of the Baltimore 
Medical College, and removed to .\labama, living in Greens- 
boro and Tuscaloosa. He reared and educated three sons 
and five daughters. His second son, John Calhoun Marrast, 
born in Greensboro, Ala., January 24, 1825, attended Spring 
Hill College (near Mobile) and Georgetown University (near 
Washington City). John Marrast was under the guardian- 
ship of William R. King, of Augusta, Ga., who became Vice 
President of the United States. Many happy holidays were 
spent at the bachelor residence of Mr. King and James Buch- 
anan, both of these eminent men being lifetime friends. 

When the Mexican War broke out, in 1846, he left with 
two friends for Galveston to join Ben McCullough's Rangers, 
stopping at New Orleans to buy horses suitable for that serv- 
ice. As their funds had run low, they were compelled to take 
deck passage. They came near losing their horses in the 
Gulf. Encountering a severe storm, the captain of the ship 
ordered the horses thrown overboard; and, while a fight was 
imminent, the young soldiers' cause was espoused by a gentle- 
man from the cabin, who succeeded in having the cargo 
lightened by throwing over ordinary freight instead of the 
horses. This gentleman proved to be Judge Jennings, of New- 
Orleans, and a relative of Marrast's mother. 

Capt. McCullough enlisted these three recruits from the 
States, and, after some time spent at Camp McCullough, near 
Gonzales, getting in shape, they started the march to Mexico 
on Saturday, January 9, 1847, passing through San Antonio 
and Laredo, where they arrived January 22; thence on to 
Saltillo, Mex., arriving February 3, 1847, where they joined 
Gen. Taylor's army. 

An extract from his diary states : 

"Friday, February 19. — Capt. McCullough left with six 
men, myself included, for Incarnacion, supposed to be the 
camp of Santa Anna. We traveled thirty miles, went within 
a quarter or half a mile of the camp, remaining long enough 
to satisfy ourselves that there were about twenty thousand 
Mexicans in the camp. 

"Saturday, February 20. — Arrived in carnp about one 
o'clock, reported the result of our reconnoiter. Gen. Tayloi 
immediately moved back to the pass Buena Vista ('Good 
View'). 

"Monday, February 22. — About 8 a.m. the camp was 
alarmed by the supposed advance of an army. Preparations 
were made for an attack. About ten o'clock Santa Anna 
made his appearance. He sent in a message to Gen. Taylor, 
desiring him to surrender, as he was well aware that his 
(Gen. Taylor's) numbers were only six thousand, his (Santa 
Anna's) being twenty thousand. Gen. Taylor replied : 'Come 



and take us.' Immediately skirmishing commenced on the 
side of the mountain. \ smart cannonading was kept up 
during the evening. 

"Wednesday. February 24. — Got up before day, all prepara- 
tions having been made for a continuation of the fight, when 
il was discovered that Santa .■Vnna and his army had dis- 
appeared. 

"Thursday, February 2$. — Capt. McCullough and his com- 
pany left for Agua Nueva (the nine waters), where it was 
supposed that Santa Anna had halted. We went in about 
a mile of camp and, discovering the facts, returned to camp 
at Buena Vista." 

For efficient service John C. Marrast was promoted, receiv- 
ing his appointment as first lieutenant of the Thirteenth 
United States Infantry May 24, 1847. We were ordered to 
Vera Cruz to participate in the campaign under Gen. Scott, 
where we remained until the end of the war. Returning to 
Alabama, he engaged in the cotton factorage business (Mar- 
rast & Lee), continuing it until the War between the States. 
He was chosen first lieutenant of the Mobile Rifle Company, 
Third Alabama Regiment, later commissioned a captain at 
Norfolk, Va., and was detailed on recruiting service. Capt. 
Marrast assisted in the organization of the Twenty-Second 
Alabama Regiment, to which he was assigned, and became 
its lieutenant colonel. He served in the Army of Tennessee 
under Gen. Bragg, and was hard tried and conspicuous in 
the battle of Shiloh. The regiment was organized and drilled 
at Hall's Mill, near Mobile. They went to Corinth and on to 
Shiloh Church. Gladden's Brigade, which was composed of 
the Twenty-First, Twenty-Second, and other Alabama regi- 
ments, was advanced to the banks of the Tennessee River 
at Pittsburg's Landing, where, in a terrible sleet and snow 




COL. J. C. MARRAST. 



Qoi>federate l/eterap. 



163 



storm, they held their position for four days, when they fell 
back to the main army. In the great battle there the gallant 
South Carolinian and Mexican War veteran, Gen. Gladden, 
was instantly killed. There fell in that sanguinary struggle 
Maj. Armstead, Capt. Deas Nott, Lieut. Manasco, and many 
other brave men. Before two o'clock of the first day. Gen. 
Deas was painfully wounded, and compelled to retire from 
the field, leaving Col. Marrast in command of the brigade. 

They pressed li.e enemy back toward the Tennessee River. 
The Twenty-Second Alabama was receiving such a hot fire 
that it was ordered to take shelter behind some fodder stacks. 
Here Col. Marrast wrote a letter to his wife, which was sent 
by the first courier who passed. This was the earliest news 
received in Mobile from the battlefield. Gen. Grant, in his 
report of the battle, spoke of the extraordinary bravery and 
courage of the troops that held those fodder stacks. The 
enemy were slowly driven back to their tents, where a ter- 
rific engagement ensued, the enemy finally retreating, leaving 
their tents and equipments in the hands of the Confederates. 
The Twenty-Second Alabama Regiment occupied the enemy's 
tents, ate their supper, and enjoyed comforts they had not 
seen for moiUlis. Col. Marrast was suffering with rheuma- 
tism, and could not sleep. The rain was pouring, and about 
midnight he heard a moaning sound as of some one in great 
pain. He got up, investigated, and found beneath a heap of 
dead men a Federal officer terribly wounded, who probably 
had fainted and was passed over by the ambulance corps as 
dead. "What can I do for you. my friend?" said Col. Marrast. 
"Water, water," came from the parched lips of the sufferer. 
This was given him, and Col. Marrast had him conveyed to 
the hospital tent, where he received proper medical attention 
and entirely recovered, as learned from a grateful message 
sent a few months after. He was an officer of some Ohio 
regiment, but his name is forgotten. 

The next morning the Confederates pressed forward toward 
the Tennessee, when they found, to their dismay, that Grant 
had been reenforced by Buell. Retreat was the only thing to 
do, and that was done in good order, Gladden's Brigade 
bringing up the rear. Their loss was terrible, over sixty-three 
per cent. Col. Marrast had his horse killed under him. Dur- 
ing their retreat they discovered two fine Parrot guns, which 
had been abandoned by all except Lieut. Bond and six ar- 
tillerymen. In despair, they were about to abandon the guns, 
when Col. Marrast cooperated in their rescue. The Federals, 
seeing the maneuver and fearing an ambush, also halted, and 
so gave the Confederates ample time to save the guns. 

The pursuit ceased, Gladden's Brigade slowly retired, and 
when Gladden's Brigade bivouacked for the night it was 
found that there were only two officers and about twenty-five 
men left. The next day Col. Marrast was ordered to the rear 
by the surgeon, where he obtained much-needed rest after 
his long tour of duty through the lour days' sleet at Pitts- 
Inirg Landing, through the battle of Shiloh, and the retreat 
to the main army. He was broken in health and ordered to 
Brooksville, where his health could be restored. Here he 
remained until the next movement of the army, which was 
to retreat from Corinth down the Mobile and Ohio railroad 
to a convenient place to reorganize the army for the raid into 
Kentucky. Col. Marrast's health was seriously impaired, but, 
with his usual determination to do his duty, he remained with 
the army, although his servant had to assist him to mount his 
horse every morning. He led his command in all the opera- 
tions of the army until they reached Shelbyville on their re- 
treat. Here he was taken violently ill, and was ordered home 



for the fifth time, with an mdefinite furlough from Gen. 
Bragg to remain until his health was restored. He gradually 
grew worse, and was never able to go back to the army. In 
December, 1863, he returned to Mobile, his old home, and 
died there on the fourteenth day of the same month. 

Col. Marrast was married December 14, 1849, at the home 
of CoL John D. Waters, in Fort Bend County, Tex., to Miss 
Harriet E. Waters, daughter of Maj. Philemon Waters, of 
Mobile. Seven children were born to them, all of whom are 
dead except the youngest son, Capt. Edwin King Marrast, 
of Company K, First Volunteer of Immunes, in the late 
Spanish war, with whom his mother now lives in Galveston, 
Tex. 



THE PRODIGAL'S RETURN— JACK MOORE. 

BY CAPT. A. O. P. NICHOLSON, COLUMBIA, TENN. 

In looking over back numbers of the 'Veteran I find an 
excellent picture of my old friend, that chivalrous gentleman, 
Col. Jack Moore, formerly of Centerville, Tenn. It brings to 
memory trooping recollections of my soldier days, and es- 
pecially of Jack's return home from Appomattox. 

.^s a member of the gallant old Seventh Tennessee, Archer's 
Brigade, he had followed the banner of that incomparable 
leader. Gen. R. E. Lee, for four years, and when the surrender 
came he was confined in one of the many hospitals of Vir- 
ginia. It was customary on entering the hospital to take the 
patient's clothes, and give him instead a long shirt and a pair 
of woolen socks, until he was convalescent. Shirts were 
scarce in those days, and die material out of which to make 
them was scarcer; but the noble women, God bless them! had 
given up their gowns and chemises to supply this deficiency, 
and one of the latter had fallen to Jack. When it was learned 
that Gen. Lee had surrendered, he decided he would make 
an effort to get home ; but when he was ready to give up hi.s 
hospital toggery, none of his old clothes could be found. Even 
his hat and shoes were missing, and his entire wardrobe con- 
sisted of this low-neck, sleeveless garment and a pair of 
woolen socks. It was rather an airy costume, even for one 
of Lee's veterans to start with on a four-hundred-mile march, 
so Jack appealed to one of the lady patrons of the hospital, 
and when did a Confederate soldier ever appeal to one in 
vain? She replied that she would go home and see what she 
could do. She returned with a pair of blue cottonade pants 
and a wide-brimmed straw hat. The pants belonged to her 
little fourteen-year-old brother, and the hat was her Sunday 
one. She had plaited the straw and made it herself. After 
a hard struggle Jack managed to get inside the pants. They 
struck him just a little below the knees, leaving exposed a 
liberal supply of bare legs and feet. They "fit like wall paper." 

He landed some days later at the depot in Nashville ; and. 
while he had added nothing to his traveling costume, he had 
managed to "kill" some "snakes" with the boys (as taking a 
drink in those days was termed) and was feeling "rich ana 
reckless" as he walked up town. He walked in the middle 
of the street, partly from habit and partly because the soft, 
wet mud felt better to his bare feet than the pavement. Upon 
reaching the ZoUicoffer Barracks (the Maxwell House), a 
crowd of newsboys and bootblacks were close on his trail 
and constantly calling to others to "come and see the wild 
man." Jack headed straight for Sandy Carter's, indifferent 
to the very marked attention being shown him. Saady Car- 
ter's was a well-known resort before the war, where the old- 
time gentlemen met to discuss politics, etc., over mint juleps. 
The late Judge Joe Guild provided him with every need. 



164 



Qopfcderate V/et8rai>. 



THE CAPTURE OF HECKMAN'S BRIGADE. 
W. M. Seay, sergeant Company E, Eleventh Virginia In- 
fantry, wrote to E. G. Williams, of Waynesville, Mo. : 

"In the May (1904) number of the Veteran there was an 
article on the fight at Drewry's Bluff. Va., written in reply 
to a comrade in another Virginia regiment, but with no ide.i 
of provoking a controversy with any one, and certainly not 
whh one from another State. As to my knowledge no other 
troops had ever claimed the honor, nor had it ever been dis- 
puted that Gen. Heckman and his brigade were captured by 
Terry's Brigade of Virginians. No other troops crossed the 
breastworks in front of Heckman's Brigade or participated 
in any way in their capture, except, as mentioned in my 
May letter, that the Alabamians were in our front and opened 
the fight, but were repulsed before they reached the Yankee 
works, and no disgrace attaclied to them, as they were met 
by a galling fire from out of the fog, and many of their men 
fell under it. Had the Virginians been the first to make the 
attempt, they would probably have met the same fate; but 
the fact remains that the Alabamians did not cross or reach 
the fortifications that Terry's Brigade did, and Gen. Heck- 
man and his brigade surrendered to the Virginians and 
were sent back to Richmond as prisoners. Heckman's Bri- 
gade have, since the war, prepared and published a history 
of their command. I have not read it, but am told by those 
who have that they give credit to the Vir.ginians for their 
capture. 

"W. B. Stansel, of Cardin, Ala., in the December Veteran 
says that my May letter 'is incorrect as far as Grade's Bri- 
,gade is concerned,' that 'the Tetith Alabama was not in Gra- 
de's Brigade,' and that 'the battle was not fought on the 
17th, but on the isth of May, 1864.' Now the date is not 
very important, except to show which is the more reliable, 
my memory, after forty years, or Comrade Stansei's 'diary,' 
to which he refers in the matter. Certainly a diary kept by 
a soldier in the field would not be infallible evidence as to 
dates, for a great part of the time they hardly knew 'when 
Sunday came,' to say nothing of the day of the month. It 
is probable that Comrade Stansei's diary may have 'slipped 
a cog.' I think my May letter said the l6th or 17th; but the 
official records of the Union and Confederate armies show 
that the principal engagement at Drewry's Bluff took place 
on May 16, 1864, and add : 'There was some fighting of a 
lesser magnitude in the same vicinity from May 12 to 15, 
inclusive.' 

"Comrade Stansel says that the Tentli Alabama Regiment 
was not in Gracie's Brigade, Well, as !ie was in that bri- 
gade, he must know ; but I thought then, and still think, that 
the Tenth Alabama was in our immediate front. As Gen. 
Grade was on the field, and knowing that he commanded 
Alabamians, I supposed the Tenth belonged to liis command; 
but if it was the Tenth, the Forty-First, or Forty-Ninth, 
not one of them crossed the breastworks in front of Heck- 
man's Brigade, unless they followed either the First, Seventh, 
Eleventh, or Twenty-Fourth Virginia Regiment after they 
had captured the works. We found the Yankees in their 
trenches when we charged them, fighting until the last min- 
ute. Comrade Stansel says the Forty-Ninth was on his right, 
and failed to get to the works ; but lay down about a hun- 
dred yards in front of the enemy, and kept up a heavy fire 
until the last Yank in the works was either killed or sur- 
rendered. Well, they must have been miles to the right of 
Terry's Brigade and on the left of Heckman's, for a regiment 
could not have lain down a hundred yard!; in front of Heck- 



man's Brigade for ten minutes after the fight was on without 
all being wiped ofif the face of the earth. If what I thought 
was the Tenth Alabama was Comrade Stansei's Forty-Ninth 
Alabama, then he nuist remember the effort made by Gen. 
Grade to rally theiu after they had been repulsed, and the 
language he used to them, which is not suitable for a Church 
tract or Sunday school paper. 

"But, after all, is it not probable that Comrade Stansel 
and myself are writing of different battl. ■ or at least of 
different parts of the field in the same battij? The man in 
the ranks sees only what he is engaged in, and I was only 
stating what I actually saw. Perhaps the Forty-First and 
i-"orty-Ninth Alabama Regiments were a long way to our 
light on that day (the i6th of May), and were probably en- 
gaged in just as hot a fight where they lay down within a 
hundred yards of the breastworks, as stated, until the Yan- 
kees w'ho had not been killed or wounded surrendered. 

"Perhaps Comrade Stansel has in mind some of the other 
days, from the 12th to 15th of May, where there was fight- 
ing of lesser magnitude. Be this as it may, I am not writ- 
ing either a history of Gracie's Brigade or of the whole en- 
.gagement at Drewry's Bluff, but am simply attempting to 
describe in a crude manner that which I actually saw as a 
part of that battle — the capture of Heckman's Brigade of 
Federals by Terry's Brigade of Virginians.'' 



NOTED GEORGIANS IN THE CONFEDERACY. 

BY JAMES R. ROGERS, CANE RIDGE, KY. 

Fate seldom allots to a quiet citizen of a peaceful and in- 
dependent occupation the rare opportunity of being an eye- 
witnes,? of two of the most momentous events occurring in 
the history of the American republic since the date of the 
r.-cognition of the independence of the colonies by his Mai- 
esty, George TIL 

In i860 I was a spectator in the Congressional gallery at 
Washington City, and saw the election of William Penning- 
ton, of New Jersey, to the Speakership, the first Congres- 
■sional victory of the Republican party. Less than one year 
thereafter, February 4, 1861, I witnessed the first day's as- 
semblage of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate 
States at Montgomery, Ala. Some months in excess of four 
years following I was marching in a division column under 
orders to report at Lynchburg, Gen. Lee's objective point 
when his lines were broken around Petersburg. Alas ! Ap- 
pomattox intervened, and at Christiansburg, Va., that fatal 
date of April 9, 1865, was confirmed, and thus I barely es- 
caped possibly being present at the death. 

My purpose is to give the readers of the Veteran what 
f saw and heard on that eventful day, premising that not one 
note was made ; and forty- four years have stormed and be- 
leaguered the citadel of thought, but the memory of that his- 
toric scene is vivid still. 

I was most fortunate in securing a seat in the gallery im- 
mediately over the central aisle of the hall, directly leading 
to the Speaker's chair, overlooking the assembled wisdom, 
character, and intellect of the representatives from the seven 
Gulf States by the side of Judge A. B. Meeks, of handsome, 
distinguished mien, yet affable, and to whose marked courtesy 
and acquaintance with the distinguished men seated below 
1 am indebted for the most interesting and eventful day of 
my life. The legislative day was confined to organization. 
There were no speeches. The opening prayer w, s not pro- 
longed. The first motion was that the Hon. Robert Barn- 
well, of South Carolina, be made teiriporary chairman, and 



Qopfederat^ \/eterai>, 



105 



his speech was simply a few words of thanks. The appear- 
ance of the chairman, hi*; manner, and voice thoroughly an- 
tagonized all my preconceptions, for I lived near the border 
of Mason and Dixon's line with Whig antecedents, to which 
party all my family recognized allegiance. This man's few 
ntterances were deliberate and conversational, and his mode 
of putting questions to the parliamentary body over which he 
presided was so unique I have never heard it repeated : 
"Those of you who favor the question, say aye ; contrariwise, 
nu," each syllable softly accentuated. The first motion after 
organization was perfected came from a delcg.ite far back 
■in the hall, beneath the gallery where we were seated, a voice 
the most marvelously modulated, penetrating, and incisive 
tliat I ever heard, permeating the entire hall as clear-cut 
as the crack of a lliree-inch rifle: "I move you, Mr. Chair- 
man, that ilic roll of States, alphabetically arranged, be 
called, an<l Ih.it each delegation appear at the Speaker's stand 
;nul be sworn in.'' 

The galleries were clcctrilicd. 1 turned In Judge Mocks 
with quickening pulse, and asked: "Who is that?" "Little 
Alec Stephens, of Clcorgia." In the execution of this mo- 
tion Alabama was called. After an interval of time there 
appeared in the main aisle a delegate, then another, until it 
was complete. Solemnity was deeply impressed upon the faces 
ami movements of all present. The delegation finally .is- 
scnililed in front cit the chairman, when the oath was admin- 
istered. There were distinguished men in all the delegations 
who were named and designated. That historic organization 
composed of representative men, many of them having na- 
tional reputations, blended in a harmonious body. The delega- 
tion from the Kmpire State of the South was comprised of a 
tiio of national renown, Toombs, Cobb, and Stephens. Then 
lliore was al.so a trio of younger Georgians who were llu- 
trjuals in ability, character, and genius of any men of the conti- 
r.ent. I refer to Ben. Hill, Thomas R. R. Cobb, and Bartow. 
W'lien Georgia was called by the secretary, there arose ;i 
m 'ssive form, leonine head, with every lineament of face in 
liicating power, thought, will, whom I recognized as Robert 
I'oombs, having heard him on the tloor of the United States 
Senate rise to a personal explanation and close with em- 
phasis: "What is said is said." Next to join his ex-colleague 
lit the Senate was ilowell Cobb, the accomplished Secretary 
111 the Treasury under Buchanan. He was followed by 
AlcNaiider H. Stephens ("Little Alec"), whose weight never 
exceeded ninety pounds, but who in debate in the old Con- 
gress was more feared than any man in it. 

Fhen came rare Ben Hill, the greatest lawxer of his State 
:nul the ablest defender of President Davis in the Confeder- 
,11 e States Senate, the glorious eulogist of I'lc finest, purest 
character of the nineteenth century, Robert E. Lee, and the 
greatest political siieaker I ever heard. He was commissioucd 
hy President Davis to arouse his people of Georgia from their 
Iclhargy after the vandal hordes of Sherman had desecrated 
u from Atlanta to the sea, and witli patriotic spirit was 
.seeking to accomplish the Herculean task when .Appomattox 
absolved him from his duty. In a conversation with a 
I'viend who had been on the floor of the Lower House of 
Congress for years I asked, "What member achieved the 
greatest distinction in any prolonged debate witnessed in 
your career?" and his ready response was, "Ben Hill in hi» 
debate with Blaine on reconstruction." Who of the South 
fails to recall that magnificent speech in which the sentiment 
occurs : "This is our fathers' house, and we h.Tve come back 
lo stav." 



Then Thomas R. R. Cobb was an accomplished and most 
successful lawyer and a friend of the great common people, 
popular with all classes; a man whose ambition was to ac- 
complish whatever he undertook. He dominated with his 
mighty powers the sovereign State Convention, and became 
the first delegate named by it for a seat in this Provisional 
Congress. He early recognized that the post of honor and 
duty was on the Virginia frontiers, and in .August following 
he reported to President Davis, at the head of a legion, for 
ciuty. He died gloriously in the battle of Fredericksburg, in 
sight of his mother's ancestral home. 1 had not known of 
him before, but his personality is indelibly impressed on my 
memory. 

Thomas S. Bartow, a lawyer of the first rank and a sol- 
dier by nature, had for years been captain of one of the 
crack companies of the South. He became Chairman of the 
Committee on Military .\fTairs, and on May 21, i86i, this 
company, the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, of Savannah, Ga., 
with Barlow in command, tendered their services to Presi- 
dent Davis for the war, and were accepted. It was the first 
organization of any arm of the service to enlist f;r the en- 
tire period of the x. ar. By authority of a member of this 
company to further perpetuate history. Private Holtnes, of 
that city, was the first man to sign articles of enlistment, and 
consequently was the first Confederate to enlist for the war. 
The guns in possession of Capt. Bartow were the property 
of the .Slate, and his Kxcellency. Gov. Brown, forbade their 
transfer to \'irgiiiia, but the order was ignored. . . . He 
fell at the battle of Manassas in the moment of victory, and 
his last words were: "They have killed me, boys, but never 
give up the field." 

I append tlic following tribute to departed worth from 
Private Averj', of the original company : "Bow the head, 
reader, for we approach sacred ground. Gen. Francis S. 
Bartow, the first great and distinguished martyr of the South- 
ern cause, an acute, learned, and impassioned advocate, in 
the prime of his faculties, trusted and respected by the Con- 
federate leaders as a brilliant statesman and honest counselor. 
Just in the prime of his faculties, rising at big bounds to dis- 
tinction, ardent, chivalric, eloquent, he loomed out a strong 
and growing figure upon the public canvas. Bold in de- 
cision, ready in wit, magnanimous in character, generous 
almost to extravagance, he was a royal gentleman." 

OLD WAY OF HAPPY DAYS NOW DEAD. 
Last nigh* 1 saw him in my changing dreams 

The same strong face, the merry eyes of gray. 
And we were roaming over fields where gleamed 

The summer's glory over meadows gay. 

1 .asl night 1 s,iw him as he used to stand. 

V\'cll knit of frame, glad in his youthful might. 
With kindly laughter, yet a matchless man, 

\\ ho with the foremost waged life's tensest fight. 

.\iid then the dreams passed, with their fruitless tears, 

.\nd morning lit the distant hills of gray ; 
1 woke lo walk throughout the coming years 

Wilhout him whom I'd loved and lost for aye. 

.\ncl yei, though morn revealed the broken band, 

Tw? . sweet, though grief came when the dream had fled, 

( )nce more with him in comradeship to stand. 
In the old way of happy days now dead. 

■ — O. G. C, in llie LaG range (Ga.) Graphic. 



166 



Qopfederat^ V/eterap 



BENTONVILLE (ARK.) CHAPTER, U. D. C. 

BY MRS. W. T. DE SPAIN. 

In the early summer of 1904 we organized the James H. 
Berry Chapter, Ignited Daughters of the Confederacy, in 
Bentonville, Ark., named for our grand old Senator and 
liero, who has served us so well and whom we delight to 
honor. Our Chapter now numbers forty members, and 
is steadily growing. We are working hard that we may do 
some honor to the brave heroes who fought for the "sweet 
sunny South." Our ambition at present is to erect a monu- 
ment to the soldiers of Benton County. There are many 
here whose hairs are silvering with the frost of time. 
"To the past go more dead faces 
Every year, 
As the loved leave vacant places 
Every year," 
so we wish to have it finished ere life's sun has set. 

One of Bentonville's citizens, a man devoted to the South, 
has offered us twelve hundred dollars if we will duplicate 
the amount, and to that end we are working. 

Our President, Mrs. W. F. Patton, is a charming and en- 
thusiastic woman deeply interested in our work, and she will 
ultimately lead us to success. 



CROSSES OF HONOR TO TEXAS VETERANS. 

At Meridian, Tex., on January 29 the U. D. C. Chapter 
of Bosque County, presented to the members of the Albert 
Sidney Johnston Camp, U. C. V., crosses of honor. An 
attractive programme was arranged for the occasion, which 
was very much enjoyed by those present. It was pathetic to 
see the look of patriotic pride and gratitude in the faces of 
the old veterans as these evidences of their honorable service 
in the Confederate army were pinned on their bosoms. 

The ceremonies were presided over by Mrs. Ida Lumpkin, 
President of the Chapter, and delightful and patriotic music 
rendered by the Daughters. Mr. Cureton made the address 
of welcome, in which he referred eloquently to the life of 
Gen. Lee. Col. H. M. Dillard, of Bosque Valley, Tex., then 
spoke on behalf of the Veterans as follows : 

"Daughters of the Bosque County Chapter, U. D. C: 
Speaking for the Confederate Veterans of Albert Sidney 
Johnston Camp, No. 115, we thank you for this loving ex- 
pression of your good will. Nothing so deeply touches the 
heart of the Confederate soldier as to be remembered with 
such manifestations of esteem. And what more beautiful and 
expressive symbol could you have adopted than the cross? 
It is the universal motto of endurance, virtue, and truth, and 
took the saddest tragedy of earth to turn it from a badge of 
infamy to a cross of glory. Wherever the tale of the manger 
has been told, there it forms the apex to spires that rise 
toward the heavens above us ; it adorns palaces and hangs 
pendent from the breastplates of knights and the bosoms of 
heroes, and in all lands is a siiggester of the immaculate 
One who bore the ignominy that we might wear the crown. 

"The Victorian Cross has ever been a coveted prize with 
our brothers across the sea, but there it was the reward of 
success and never of defeat. The Daughters of the South, 
more gracious than the sceptered queen of the British Isles, 
have reversed the royal decree by glorifying a cause that 
furled its flags, stacked its arms, and put out the olive branch 
of peace. 

"Daughters, we will wear these crosses of honor, not to 
perpetuate the memories of cruel wrongs, nor as tokens of 



individual heroism upon the battlefields of the South, but 
as reminders that devotion to duty is the highest ideal of the 
Southern woman. None understood this principle better 
than your mothers — the Confederate women of Confederate 
times. What thrills of memory come back to us at the men- 
tion of their names! How hallowed the recollection of all 
the war deeds of her peerless life ! 

"And you are the lineal descendants of this noble line of 
women — the sharers of their honors and their glories — and 
nobly are you perpetuating the unselfishness of their beautiful 
lives. .Ml honor to the Daughters of Texas! They are 
filling bright pages with deeds of charity; they are rescuing 
history from oblivion and creating a standard of Southern 
womanhood that will distinguish the southern half of this 
republic in all coming years. 

"May the Father spare your lives until the full purposes 
of your organization have been accomplished ! And when 
you have finished your work here and congregate at the 
pearly gates, may we, as old soldiers, so live that we can 
meet you with glad hearts and welcoming hands to help you 
into the Beautiful City! 

"To you, my comrades in arms, I would say : Let us make 
the significance of this cross the motto of our lives. Let us 
show to the world that men who could pass unscathed through 
four years of carnage, with all its brutalizing influences, and 
then furl their flags unstained by treachery, can wear these 
crosses of honor and lay them down at the grave unsoiled 
and untarnished. 

"Let us ever honor and most delicately respect Southern 
womanhood, remembering that she was the inspirer of our 
victories, the magnetic force that kept our faces stern to 
the front until Fate bade us halt." 

Col. Dillard concluded his beautiful address by expressions 
of patriotism that should put to shame that bitter, awful 
period of reconstruction. 



FIRST ARKANSAS BRIGADE AT CHICKAMAUGA. 

BY JOHN T. RONE, SPRING CREEK, TENN. 

To Capts. J. D. Smith, Twenly-Fourlh Mississippi Regiment. ;ind J. \V. 
Minnich, of Louisiana. 

Gentlemen and Comrades: In the main you are both nearly 
correct in your version in general detail of the First Arkansas 
Brigade and Walthall's at Chickamauga. On Saturday morn- 
ing (September ig) we were informed that our First Arkan- 
sas Brigade was to be in reserve on the right of Gen. Braggfs 
army in connection with Gen. Walthall. As to whether Gen. 
Walthall requested to lead in a charge, I remember distinctly 
when the command was given to dress on the colors and 
load at will. Our skirmishers being now sharply engaged 
with the enemy, Col. Loo Featherstone, of the Fifth, held 
a short conversation with Gen. Walthall, his old friend. Col. 
Featherstone was a former Mississippian, but had located in 
Arkansas sometime before the war. 

We had advanced but a short distance when we received 
the enemy's fire, which proved quite severe, in which we 
lost many men, including our brave Col. Loo Featherstone. 
At this instant, through the great opening made by the 
enemy's artillery through Featherstone's Fifth Arkansas Regi- 
ment, Govan's Brigade, the gallant Walthall led our regiment 
in the charge, at which time no general could have been more 
calm and determined than Gen. Walthall. 

Col. Featherstone received his fatal wound while bearing 
the colors of his regiment (the color guards had all been 



Qoi>f«derat^ l/cterar?. 



167 



killed or wounded), and he died soon after. Our loss was 
quite heavy. 

Yes, Comrade Minnich, tlie enemy's breastworks consisted, 
as you said, of black-jack. The second or third discharge of 
the enemy's artillery covered Gen. Walthall's horse with the 
top of a black-jack tree, hence we were able to pass the gen- 
eral while he was extricating himself from the brush. There 
were no braver men than Walthall's Brigade, and they were 
excellent troops. 

Our First Arkansas Brigade was all through the war com- 
manded by able generals. It was organized early in 1861 
by that able general, W. J. Hardee. Its second commander 
was St. John R. Liddell, of Louisiana ; its third, P. R. Cle- 
burne; while its fourth and last commander was Gen. D. C. 
Govan, who is now the only survivor. We had no better or 
truer brigade commander than Gen. D. C. Govan. We were 
detached from P. R. Cleburne's Division only for this battle. 

I write especially to confirm that Gen. Walthall did lead the 
Fifth Arkansas after onr Col. Featherstone fell I can only 
give information of what occurred in front of Govan's Bri- 
gade. My duty was first to my company, and then our regi- 
ment. I knew every man in my regiment by name. There 
are but few of the First Arkansas Brigade left, and so oi 
Granbnry's Texans. 

We shall soon join our comrades on the other shore. 
That which we do must be done soon in the sight and fear of 
our Grand Commander above. Then let us so live that wt 
niav pass through that "beautiful gate" that ever stands ajar 
to those who have lived uprightly. 



WITH Cf.N. R. P.. LEE IN THE OLD ARMY. 

Maj. George B. Cosby, Honorary Commander of Camp Pap 
Price, addressed a letter on January 15, 1905. from Oakland, 
Cal., to J. B. Moore, Active Commander of the Camp at 
Colusa, in regard to the anniversary memorial to (ien. R. E. 
Lee, in which he said : 

"I especially regret that my physical condition bars me 
from attending on such an occasion, as I loved and esteemed 
R. E. Lee as the greatest soldier of modern times, and would 
like to contribute my mite in doing honor to his memory. 
Being unable to attend, I shall write of an incident relevant to 
the occasion, and which may interest my comrades of the 
Camp. 

"I had the good fortune to belong to the Second Cavalry, 
of which R. E. Lee was the lieutenant colonel. This regiment 
became historic for furnishing during our sectional war the 
largest number of celebrated officers of any regiment in the 
service. When it was raised, the field officers were promoted 
from the regular army and half of each grade from civil 
life. Its field officers were Albert Sidney Johnston, Col. R, 
E. Lee, lieutenant colonels ; George H. Thomas and Earl Van 
Dorn, majors ; Palmer Richard Johnson, Kirby Smith, and 
George Stoneman were among the captains ; Hood and Fitz- 
hugh Lee, lieutenants. Xo officer promoted from the regular 
army in the regiment held, at the close of the war, a less 
^ank than that of brigadier general ; most of them higher 
rank in the Federal or Confederate army. 

"For some months before the war commenced. Gen. Lee 
had command of Fort Mason, in Texas. I was stationed at 
the same post, temporarily, in command of Company A 
(Van Dorn's old company). Gen. Lee did not have his 
family with him. I was a young bachelor, and rarely a day 
passed that, when off duty, I did not visit him at his quarters. 
Our mail came twice a week. We met and discussed the 



news, especially and with deep intarest the war clouds that 
grew thicker and darker each day. 

"I do not recall an officer that favored secession ; all fer- 
vently hoped that some compromise would be agreed to, but 
were as helpless to stay the storm as we would be to st( ■) 
the rush of Niagara's waters with our upturned hands. We 
were a band of brothers ; our four years' stay at West Point, 
coming as we did from North, South, East, and West, had 
eliminated all sectional feeling, and each had learned that all 
men were essentially good or bad, coming from whence they 
might. At that school money was not a factor in a cadet's 
standing with his fellows. They all dressed alike, fed alike, 
and personal merit w-as the sole sesame to the esteem of his 
fellows. 

"When he entered the army, his orders took him to all sec- 
tions, and association therewith destroyed every trace of preju- 
dice. When I went there, I thought the sole business of Yan- 
kees was to make wooden nutmegs and hams, and clocks that 
would not run except when )'ou were looking at them ; and 
yet. in a short time. I was rooming with a cadet from Massa- 
chusetts, one from Ohio, and two from North Carolina, and 
we all became lifelong friends. But to go on with my story : 

"Gen. Lee sent me on some duty for a few days to San 
Antonio, Tex. On my way back I stopped, as was our cus- 
tom, at noon by a clear spring tlwt burst out near the road, 
surrounded by grand old oaks which sent their inviting shade 
to the ideal .spot. A few moments after arriving there, an 
ambulance coming from the direction of the post stopped, 
and, to my surprise. Gen. Lee dismounted. He met me cor- 
dially, expressed in his usual dignified, yet pleasant, way his 
pleasure that we should lunch together and have a talk. 
When I expressed my surprise in seeing him, he told me that 
Gen. Scott had ordered him to Washington. 

"Knowing that Gen. Scott had an exalted opinion of Gen. 
Lee's ability as a soldier, I at once surmised that he was 
wanted to consult on a campaign against the South, in case 
of a resort to arms, and told him so. He said he feared my 
surmise was true ; and that if he found it so, he would decline 
and resign. He further said he had confidence that Virginia 
would not act on impulse, but would act as she had in the 
past, and would exhaust every means consistent with honor to 
avert civil war. That, if she failed and determined to secede, 
he would ofTer her his services. That he had ever been taught 
that his first allegfiance was due his mother State; that he 
fervently hoped some agreement would be reached to avert 
such a terrible war; and there was no personal sacrifice he 
would not make to save his .beloved country from such a 
dreadful calamity; but under no circumstance could he ever 
bare his sword against Virginia's sons. As he spoke his emo- 
tion brought tears to his eyes, and he turned away to avoid 
showing this emotion, which was greater than he afterwards 
showed w-hen he had lost or won some great battle. 

"He bade me good-by, and I next" saw him when I reported 
to him in Richmond. He had resigned, and Virginia had 
placed him at the head of her troops. When I reported and 
afterwards saw him at his rooms, he told me that many 
in high places seemed to have no conception of the mag- 
nitude of the gigantic struggle before us. The South was 
totall