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GIVEN BY HIS DAUGHTER 

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V. Y. COC 

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Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/confederateveter19conf 



INDEX 



Confederate Veteran 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF 
CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS 



VOLUME XIX. 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM, EDITOR AND PROPRIE TOR 



Nashville, Tenn. 
1911 



INDEX -VOLUME XIX. 



A Boy at Gettysburg 306 

A Boy's Impressions at Shiloh 72 

A Cimourdian of the Civil War 42s 

A Dream 403 

Address by Dr. Charles E. Stowe 320 

A General of the United States Army 102 

A Great Day for an Old Confed 107 

Alabama Brigade at Little Rock 422 

Alabamians in a Tennessee Regiment 375 

Alexander Brothers 451 

A Little Love with Law 302 

All Men Created Free and Equal 579 

A Lost Flag 316 

A Mountain Resort 404 

Amusing Incidents of Service 10 

Anderson, Maj. Joseph W 116 

Andrews, Col. A. B 84 

Appeal for Shiloh from Texas 375 

Apple Tree at Appomattox 521 

Archer's Sword, General 419 

Arkansans at Kennesaw 206 

Arkansas Gazette 270 

Arkansas Monument at Shiloh 450 

Arkansas Spirit for the Reunion S 

Arlington — Its Past and Present 431 

Arlington Monument .. .54, 109, 147, 213, 324, 3S4, 415, 462, 513 

Armistead, General, at Gettysburg 291 

Army Incidents 21 

Artillery at Battle of the Crater 164 

A Soldier Who Lost UN Nerve 355 

Atlanta Spirit in Oklahoma 127 

A Trust 182 

Badge Presented to Gen. Wm. E. Mickle 65 

Barbarities in Northwest Arkansas 74 

Battle Abbey 106 

Battle of Fayetteville, N. C 544 

Battle of Fishing Creek 110 

Battle of Franklin 307 

Battle of Gettysburg 34-77 

Battle of Manassas, Fiftieth Anniversary of 414 

Battle of Marianna, Fla " 4S3 

Battle of Oak Hills 9 

Battle of Sabine Pass 531 

Battle of Wilson's Creek 60 

Battlefield Route in Georgia 461 

Battles in Tennessee 281 

Beautiful Southern Women 460 

Bibles Taken During the War 32 

Big Snowball Fight at Johnson's Island 138 

"Bill Ellick" 224 

Bird of Art, The 69 

Birthplace of Gen. Mansfield Lovell 459 

Blair House Fire 37 

Blount Guards Flag 55 

Blue and Gray at Manassas 156 

Blue and Gray Reunion at Memphis 453 

"Bonnie Blue Flag," Origin of 47S 

Bourk, George 367 

Boys in Gray, The 355 

Bridges Near Columbia, S. C 57 

Brothers in Gray and Blue 545 

Brown, John, of Kansas 58 

Brown, John, Comment upon Character of 103 

Brown, John, A Murderer 156 

Buchanan, Prof. A. H 421 

Burning of Blair House 336 

Camp Chase 115-280 

Camp Jackson Episode near St. Louis 335 

Capture of President Davis 224 

Casualties in Company C, 9th Tennessee Reg'ment 333 



Cavalry Company of Girls 159 

Centennial Address at West Point 227 

Chaplain's Rank in the Army 291 

Charlie — "Recruit" to Troup Artillery 515 

Chickamauga Club, The 10 

Chickamauga, Reminiscences of 511 

children of the Confederacy in Savannali 562 

Clare. Mrs. Mary Hadley 347 

Clay and Randolph Duel 334 

Cleburne's Early Career 212 

Civilization of Negroes in the South 229 

Close Fighting at Iuka 17 1 

Cockrell's Brigade Band at Franklin 271 

Coincidence at Columbia, S. C 417 

Coleman, R. B 526 

Coleman, W. 284 

Commander of Kentucky Confederate Home 325 

Comrades and Chums in Florida 452 

Confederate Army Discipline 70 

Confederate Burial Plot and Monument in Seattle 345 

Confederate Cemetery at Austin 69 

Confederate Cotton Tax 73, 560, 561 

Confederate Christmas Seals 1S4-524 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association 119, 269. 4S1 

Confederate Flag, The 519 

Confederate Flag in Vermont, The 219 

Confederate Generals 451-462 

Confederate Generals Born in the North 400 

Confederate Generals Foreign Born 400 

Confederate Generals Surviving 404 

Confederate Memorial Institute 106 

Confederate Memorial Building, Site of 215 

Confederate Monument in Philadelphia 572 

Confederate Monument at Seattle 330 

Confederate Officers after Appomattox 252 

Confederate Photographs Wanted 212 

Confederate Quilt 510 

Confederate Reunion Balls 517 

Confederate Room at Jackson College 523 

Confederate Seal 367 

Confederate Troops at Spottsyl vania 291 

Confederate Veterans, Tribute to 227 

Confederates and the War Department 151 

Confederates Buried at Shepherdstown, W. Va 75 

Confederates Killed at Franklin, Tenn 518 

Confederates Who Are Congressmen 378 

Confederates Who Went to Brazil 10S 

Cooper, Hon. Edmund 424 

Crossland, Col. Edward 366 

( Irossing River under Difficulties 126 

Cunningham, Paul 354 

Davis's, President, Birthday in California 477 

Davis's, President, Birthday in Colorado 323 

Davis, President, Capture of 224 

Davis, Jefferson, and Sterling Price 473 

Davis, Jefferson, Vindicated 479 

I lavis, Jefferson, Home Association 63 

Davis,- Jefferson, Monument in New Orleans 64, 197 

Davis, Sam 580 

Deaths in Hospital at Winona, Miss 288 

Deaths under Flag of the Eighth Tennessee Regiment 55 

Degrees Conferred by University of North Carolina 158 

Dental Fees of War Times 57 

Dispatch No. 2 from Grant to Lee 14 

Early's Valley Campaign, First of 230 

Eastland Family, The 6S 

Echoes from Little Rock Reunion 276 

Edgman, John L., Tribute to 328 

Editorial 8, 56, 104, 152, 192, 272, 320, 368, 416, 464, 512, 560 

Eleventh Mississippi at Gettysburg 330 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



Qd 



I :i, 'A enth Texas Cavalry 

Bison History, The US. 194, 2 7::. 816, 3 IT. 364, 104, US, 

I. a. 181, 501, 608 

Embarrassed While Stealing Chickens 

capade In Southern Florida 

Escape from Point Lookout Prison 

Evans, Gen C. A 

Exchange of Civil War Prisoners 

Experiences at Fort Pickens in 1861 

Expediency of General Lee's Ordnance 

Faithful Family Servant 

False Idea of the Union 

Fatalities In Sixth Louisiana Regiment 

Fatalities In Maine Regiments 

Federal Prison Guard 

Field of Sharpsburg, The 

First C. S, A. Flag 

First Confi derate Monument I 08, 

First Confederate Monuments Erected 

First Confederate Soldiers in Arkansas 

First Fight of Gunboats with Cavalry 

i i i ire In Chambersburg, The 

i ii i of Early's Vallej Campaign 

i ii i Passenger Train at Fayel teville, Tenn 

Fight at Fayetteville, N. C 380, 133, 

Fight m Reams's Station 

Fight near Lake Village. Ark 

Fighting Parsons, One of the 

Flag Of Blount Guards 

Flag of Cheneyville Rifles 

Flag of Twentieth Tennessee Regimenl 166, 

i st, General, in Battle at Selma, Ala 

I 'ii. i Mural of the South 

I'll' t's i:i-i' into Memphis 

Fort Pickens in L861, Experienci .it 

iiM Steadman 

Four Brothers in Service 

nal Wiiiit. ii> Union Veteran 

in, I 'apt s. L 

.hi Mil -ial 500 

Freeman, Captain, Where Was Killed 

Fun in i 'amp 

i. ms in llii. id's Texas Brigade 

George, Col, I tenry 

burg, Si-\ ere Experiences at 

Gordon, Gen. G W. Tributes to 

Grade' Battalion at Williamsburg in L862 

e's Scouts nt Chickamauga 

Freed a slave 

Greetings to i\ c. V. bj Pre ident Tafl 

Half Century since Birth of C. S. A 

"Half Jli III. nl in |ii\i," 

i Skins, Mrs. M. M 

Happy Cal Wagner Defied i I Ri lits 

i i.i i 'i Fighting at ll buri 

| ips of I Catcher's Run 

M, i w .1 

Haye Memorial Altar at Blloxi, Miss 

ell, Col. C. W 

Hendei on, Gen. T .i . l" s a 

"Here's four Mule" 

i ''. II 

mill 

High" Kentuckj 

i tin 

Hodges, Col. !•'., and Sons 

ige In I >i\i, 

Hono ri m; the Mi 

P to ( lol K W Martin 

ii I's Brigade Reunion 

ii I's Messmate: at Forktown 

ii i i Bi Igade, The Men nf 

1 1 1 • i Springs, Ark 

M"" I Became a Con i er 

i tow SI on Unveil a Statue 

I I nun ii mi -■ Note bj Stonewall Jack on 



430 
162, 

576 
15 

7.". 
84 I 
196 

.: I 1 
337 



522 

561 

300 

39 

18 I 
271 
372 

302 

si 

37 

130 

16 

1 5 3 

231 

169 

71 

56 

, 

5 I I 

67 

311 

584 

337 

i i i 

451 

188 

308 

Ms 

435 



53 

86 
199 



37 

127s 

.. ; 

' 
112 
167 

:: i 
16 

'• 
7 

26 

nil 

17 
1 12 

1 is 

.'ilS 

7s 

2 2 2 
246 

' 



lis Of Will Lid 

Inquiries about Veterans, Etc 213, 220, 269, 



USS 

61 i 



i i.i. mii's Visit to Georgia Incognito ' 334 

Jackson, Stonewall 496 

Jackson's Birthplace Marked 520 

all, Humorous Note by 520 

i.i on, Stonewall, Tact of 112 

on, Miss m. ii 104 

Johnston, The Generals 319 

Johnston, MaJ. John W 116 

Just before the War 305 



Kansas Jayhawkers, Fighting the 

Keeping Virginians in Virginia 

Ki ni inky i lonfedet ates 

Kentuckj Monument Erected In 1869. 
Kindness of General I hi. Li's Scouts... 
King, Gen W. II 



.268, 



I Capitol of i lie ' lonfederacy 

Last Meeting ,,i Lee and Jackson 

Lea. Senator Luke 

Lectur i Genera) Lee 

Lee, General, Senator Heyburn and 

i.ee Statue, i nion Veteran League on 

Lenoir Brothers, Sis 

Letter from Lieut i: P. Miller 

Lewisburg iV. Northern Railroad 

Lincoln's Murder, Testimony as to Cause of 

Liquors without Drunkenness 

Living Monument i" Confedi rate Women 

Long Roll, The 196, B 18, 

I ...in i.in.i Tiger . The 

Louisville .v Nashville Railroad Company 

Lovell, Gen. Mansfield, Birthplace of 



Mabry, Hinchie P., Rank Vttained by 

Macon, Ga., Wants Reunion 

i er, Marker for 

Mai > hinders at t 'hiekaniauga 

Maryland Line Officer Eoi Ensuing Year 

Martin. Col. R w. Honor to 

Massachusetts Tribute to Confederates 

Maxwell House, The 

Maxwell House Disaster of War Times 

May, .1. P 

McCollum, Ma.i. .1. L 

Mcintosh's Batter; at Sharpsburg 129, 

Medal for Tennessee History 

Medical Officers Army and Navy, C, S. A 

Meeting of Men \\ ho Fought at Manassas 

.Milling of Two Old Veterans, Singular 

M.i ial Arch in Montgomery, Ala 

Memorial Daj at Camp Chase 

m. rial Daj in Los Angeles 

Memorial Service at Biloxi, Miss 

M.ii \\ ii" \\ I in- Cray 

Miller. Lieut. E. i'. Letter from 

Millett Family 

Mi issippians at Gaines's Mill 

Massachusetts a ml Virginia V eterans 

Mock, Mis.- 1 1. Byrd, Work of 

Mo.k. Mi- I. Byrd, m irriagi "i 

Monies 1 1 .1, i ai Close "t War 

Monument at Bastrop, Tex 

ni. oi. i i 

Monument .it Beverly, w. Va 

Monument at Charleston, w. Va 

M I 1 I i e I , I . I 1 I I ■ i N . I ' 

Monument at HUlsvllle, Va 

ii Liberty, Miss 

Monument e Ilka Ma 

Monument at Point I kout, Md 

Monument at St Louts, Mo 

m..i ni .ii Union City, Tenn 

i. in .ii w alhalla, S..C 

Monument tor i Isburg, N, C 

Monument of Smi; s General, C. S A 

VI ineiil to Matt Leu I '.ml. iine Manr\ . I 

Monuments to w n of I lerac: 

in ' ho John ii 

nil. Trials with US, 

,, John II. Would Not Leave His Men 



7:: 
316 
547 
618 

111 
172 

. 

320 

■ 
117 

67 
332 
221 
:: 16 
:: ! 
376 
is I 
591 
520 

ss 
159 

126 

21 I 

::s: 

218 

62 

, 16 
263 

" 

363 
686 
160 
2 I 6 

76 
198 

mi', 

121 

, 

22 1 
00 

168 

15 

16 

163 

17H 

18 

10S 

315 

HI 

161 
384 



1 8 ? ( 1 S 



C^opfederat^ l/eterai). 



Morgan Statue at Lexington, Ky 567 

Mothers of Confederate Veterans 319, 366 

Murders by General Payne, U. S. A 450 

Muster Roll, Company F. Eighth Texas 574 

My First Promotion 11 

Name for the War 105 

New York Times 500 

Nine Brothers in the Army 212 

Nine Uncles in the Confederate Service 70 

Noble Work of G. A. R. Men 527 

North Carolina Monuments 102 

Notes from Battlefields 4 33 

Officers and Privates in Battle 221 

Oklahoma Soldiers' Home 41S 

Old Blandford Church 157 

Oldest Gunmaker of the United States 315 

One of Gordon's "Raccoon Roughs" 353 

On Picket in Front of Suffolk, Va 225 

On the Right at Chickamauga 329 

Orr, Col. J. A 193 

Owen, Richard, Memorial. .150, 205, 268, 368, 403, 450, 464, 557 

Park, Mrs. R. E 4S1 

Participant in Battle of Bethel 10 

Patrons of the Veteran in Cities 56. 402 

Peace between the Sections 374 

Peril by Rock Fence at Gettysburg 66 

Personal Reminiscences 592 

Philadelphia — Incidents of a D. A. R. Meeting 109 

Photographic History of the War 103 

Pickett's Men at Gettysburg 13S 

Praise of the Veteran 563 

Prison Experiences 527, 532 

Prisoners on Johnson's Island 532 

Prison Life on Hart's Island 219 

Proclamation by President Johnson 516 

Prodigious Railroad Work at Lynchburg 85 

Quantrill's Death Verified 2S5 

Ray, Alice Caldwell 514 

Raymond, Miss., in War Times 370 

Rebel Yell in Los Angeles 322 

Rebel and Yankee Yells 521 

I ;■ ■< i i irocity for the Veteran 271 

Reconstruction Infamy 507 

Recruiting in North Missouri 335 

Reunion Black Horse Cavalry at Warrenton, Va 519 

Reunion Chaperone 112 

Reunion at Little Rock 147, 275 

Reunion of Gray and Blue 91 

Reunion of Blue and Gray at Manassas 414 

Reunion Guards 193 

Reunion Orator 148 

Reynolds, Gen. D. H 211 

Riggins, Thomas 315 

Roanoke College 364, 365 

Roanoke College Faculty Defended 194 

Roy, Col. T. B 209 

Saussy Brothers 558 

School Histories 533 

Scouting in Arkansas 524 

Scouting in Missouri and Arkansas 525 

Scouting with General Wheeler 72 

Scouts from Chattanooga to Atlanta 332 

Secret Service, C. S. A 524 

Semmes's Brigade at Chancellorsville 12 

Semmes, Tribute to 526 

Sentiment of a Union Veteran 113 

Sentiment of Bankers of Mississippi 303 

Service with Fourth Louisiana Battalion 542 

Sewanee University Begins Good Work 585 

"Shall I Take the Veteran?" 249 

Sherman's Devastation in Georgia 64 

Sherman's Love ( ?) for the South 223 

Sherman's Picture on Postage Stamps 272 



Shiloh Monument. . .35, 54, 149, 213, 324, 377, 415, 462, 545, 563 

Six Generals from Kershaw County, S. C 354 

Sixth Kentucky Regiment 372 

Sketches of Prison Life 122, 272, 331 

Smith, Austin W 542 

Smith, Milton H 86, 139, 182 

Snowball Fight at Johnson's Island 138 

Snowden, Capt. W. P 115 

Soldiering in Georgia in 1S64 173 

Soldier's Body Unearthed at Selma, Ala 369 

Soldier's Monument at Princeton University 226 

Southern Commercial Congress 208, 244 

Southern Cross, The 22S 

Southern History ■ 453 

Southern Monument, Historic 595 

Sought Water at Shiloh 452 

Speaker of the House in Congress 380 

Spirit of True Soldiers and Patriots 57 

Spirit of True Soldiers 530 

Sponsors and Maids 190 

State Sovereignty and "New Nationalism" 340 

Stampede of Federal Calvary 123 

Statistics of Two Armies 270 

Stuart, Gen. J. E. B 575 

Stuart's Fate at Y'ellow Tavern 531 

Stone, Mrs. Cornelia B 210 

Storm Disasters in Florida 71 

Subways in New York 417 

Supreme Court of the United States 44 

Surrender of General Stoneman 345 

Surviving Confederate Generals 404 

Sword of Capt. P. B. Anderson 544 

Sykes, Adjt. Gen. E. T 191 

Tact of Stonewall Jackson 412 

Tardy, Miss Mary Rosalind 70 

Thankfulness of Comrades 72 

The Court of Last Resort 44 

The Old South 316 

The Solid South of Business 89 

The Southern Cross 22S 

The South Coming to Its Own 357 

The Veteran's Dream 310 

Third Arkansas Infantry 51 

Thirteenth Alabama — Archer's Brigade 338 

Thomas, J. B 57 

Three Soldiers of South Carolina 70 

Trader, Mrs. Ella K. Newsom — Fund for 319, 412 

Trials with Gen. John H. Morgan 118, 161 

Two Brothers-in-Law — Four Generations 339 

Two Soldiers Killed about a Mule 71 

"Uncle Billy" Ashby 216 

Uncle Tom's Cabin — Literary Features of 36 

U. S. Generals Born in Southern States 339 

U. S. Generals Foreign-Born 400 

U. C. V., New Camp at Paris, Tenn 108 

U. C. V., Reunion Announcement 3 

U. C. V., Reunion at Little Rock. Ark 328 

U. C. V., Monteagle Reunion 463 

U. C. V., Reunion Parade 227 

U. C. V., Reunion Plans 189 

U. C. V., Reunion Eastern Brigade, Missouri Division 226 

U. C. V., Reunion Georgia Division 544 

U. C. V., Reunion Missouri Division 467 

U. O. V., Reunion Oklahoma Division 468 

U. C. V., Reunion of Omer R. Weaver Camp, Little R 207 

U. C. V., Reunion Tennessee Division 507 

U. C. V., Reunion Texas Division 581 

U. C. V., Reunion Virginia Division 459 

U. C. V., Reunion at Hinton, W Va 517 

U. C. V., Reunion William Watts Camp, Roanoke, Va 226 

U. D. C 363 

U D. C, Alabama Division 102 

U. D. C, Alabama Convention at Mobile 320 

U. D. C. at Denver, Colo 251 

U. D. C. Badges 53, 101 

U. D. C, Chapter Work Commended 270 

U. D. C, Convention at Little Rock 4 

U. D. C, Great Purposes of 64 



Qoi}federat<? l/eterai). 



5 



U. D. C, Greetings from 207 

U. D. C, Historical Work in Mississippi 209 

U. D. C, History of 61 

l'. D. C, Jefferson Davis Home Chapter 462 

U. D. C, Letter from President General 13, 513 

U. D. C, Maryland Division 7 

U. D. C, Mississippi I llvision at Meridian 320 

r. D. C, New Officers, Arkansas Division IS 

U. D. C, Officers of Atlanta Chapter 323 

U. D. C. « ifflcers of J. J. Finley Chapter 71 

I ' D. C, Officers of Florida Division 269 

I' D. C. of Kentucky 62 

U. D. C, Oklahoma Division Convention 508 

U. D. C. Pacific Division Convention 566 

I ' D. C, President Tennessee Division 519 

1 T . 1>. '', rubliealions of 302 

U D. C, Report of Oklahoma Division President 127 

CJ. D. C, Richmond Convention 556 

U. D. C. Quilt 328 

U. D. C, Virginia Division Convention 

U. D. C, Washington Division 583 

U. D. O.West Virginia Division Convention 513 

U. S. C. V 252 

I', S C, V. Monument to Southern Women 114 

Q, S. C. V., Organization 215 

VanDorn, Maj. Gen. Earl 

VanZandt, Gen. K. M 267 

Vaught, Lieut. Charles N 381 

Veteran Equestrians 555 

Veterans in Congress 120 

Vicksburg Military Park Commission 423 

Virginia in the War Tragedies 465 

Visiting Virginia Battlefields 157 

Wade, William — His Battery Flag 419 

Wagner, Happy Cal 167 

Walker, Gen. C. 1 159 

Wartime Heeds. Union Veteran on 43 4 

\\ hi in I.- Experiences In the West 11 

Wartime Photos 1S3 

Westminster of the South. The 403 

\\ lint a War Incident Taught a Federal 36 

Wheat, Maj. Chatham R 425 

Wheeler's Cavalry History 33 

Wheeler's farewell Address 171 

Wheeler's Raid, Incidents of 288 

Whin General Armistead Pell 371 

Who Burned Columbia? 523 

\\ ho Is Thy Neighbor? 337 

Who Was Lloyd? 435 

Why President Lincoln* Spared Three Lives 382 

Why the Band Played at Franklin 32 

Wilcox, Mrs. Ella Wheeler 27' 

W Irow Wilson criticised 561 

Work or Miss L. Byrd Mock 253 

Women of the Smith to Be Honored 160 

ir, .Mrs. 1,, G. Tribute to 303 

Young, Bennett 11 152 

youngest Member Of the United States Senate 249 

Foung Heroes 381 

Zlmpelman, George B 114 

Zolllcoffer Monument Inscription 16 

POETRY. 

Appomattox ill 

Arkansas' Invitation to the Veterans 246 

Arlington 523 

1 ionfederate 1 Comrades 397 

1 Urge fin the v. c. v 280 

Gen. C. a Evans 395 

tings to Our Heroes 265 

Heart ol Dear Old 1 >i\n- 46 

in Old Camp Chase 115 

Johnson's island 74 

1*1 11 Be Perpetuated 161 

Let the C [uered Banner Wave 103 

Memorial to Aunt Dyke Bibb 168 

Rest, Soldier 299 

Robert B. Lee 186 

182 



Sam Davis 39s 

Silence 411 

The Arkansas Confederate 233 

Ih. Bugles of Battle 

The Confederate Flag 39S 

The Confederate Veteran 21S 

The Cross of Honor 215 

The Hero of the West 567 

The Soldier's Return 550 

The Southron's Fatherland 39S 

The Unconquered Banner 372 

To Al G. Field 328 

Thou Knowest 69 

Tribute to a Battle-Worn Flag 300 

Tribute to the Flag and to Lee 113 

Two Views of Fort Sumter 400 

Waiting 363 

When the Heart Is Young 647 

Women of the South 346 

Yes, We Love STou Still in nixie 384 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

Arlington 132 

dge of Blue and Gras at Manassas Reunion 415 

Badge Presented to General Mickle 65 

Battle Scene of the '60's 13 

Bodj Of General Evans at the Capitol in Atlanta 396 

Confederate Capitol at Montgomery 154 

Confederate Choir in Seattle 13 

1 lonfederate Quilt r>io 

Dedication of Morgan Monument 567 

I lesign for "Battle Abbey" 106 

Enosburg Falls, Vermont 319 

Fifty Years after Inauguration Of President liavis at 

Montgomery 97 

1 lag Of the Eighth Tennessee 56 

Floral Tribute of Confederate Monument 546 

Fourth Louisiana Battalion Flag 5 13 

Gathering at Confederate Cemetery in Raymond, Miss.... 370 

Generals Evans and Wheeler with staffs 401 

Group at ion! .Monument at 1'aducah, Ky 3 2:i 

Group about Morgan Monument 568 

Group about Philadelphia Monument 572 

Group at Arkansas State Reunion 2is 

Group nt Gordon Monument. Atlanta 601 

Group of U. D. C. in Little Rock, 1910 2 is 

Government Road up Missionary Ridge 86 

Hayes Memorial Altar and Reredos at Church of the Re- 
deemer, Biloxi, Miss 7 

Hoi Mrs. Jo Shelby 60 

Home of Senator Lee 249 

[nterioi Sutherlin Mansion 416 

Last Capitol of the Confederacy 413 

Last Meet ing of Lee and Jackson 653 

from General Lee to Bishop Fitzgerald 449 

I.o\ ing Cup to Dr. O. .1. Owens ISO 

Mi f Lewisburg & Northern Railroad 166 

Marion Hotel. Little Rock I!':: 

Maxwell House. Nashville 

iii minis of Supreme Court, U. S 19, 101 

Mi tin niiil Arch at Montgomery 198 

Monument at Beverly, W. Ya 163 

Monument at Charleston, W. Va 658 

Monument at Clinton, s. c 102 

Monument at 1 lenderson, x. C 170 

Monument at Hillsvllle, Va 1 1 - 

m mi a in. nt a i Liberty, .Miss 108 

Monument al Lynchburg, Va 

Monument at Romney, W. Va 372 

Morgan Statue at Lexington, Ky 667 

Officers of Jefferson Davis a sociation, New Orleans 200 

1 iklalioma Confederate Home 472 

Portrait of Jefferson Davis ai Montgomery 153 

Proposed Monument to Commodore Maury 380 

Remnants of s» 369 

DCS of H. A. Clark. Warlrace. Tenn 374 

Three Soldiers of South Carolina 70 

Sutherlin Mi n 118 

Old Blandford Church 157 

Unveiling of Jefferson Davis Monument in New Orleans.. 197 

018 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



Views of Hot Springs, Ark 245, 246, 247 

Veterans at Opelika, Ala 250 

Veterans at Woodville, .Miss 479 

Washington Artillery of New Orleans 199 

Where Zollicoffer Was Killed 110 



LAST ROLL. 



Akin, Maj. James H 137 

Allen, Perry W 241 

Allison, Dr. M. W 490 

Amos, George F 395 

Arnold. Mrs. L. J 537 

Bailey, P. R 589 

Baird. Wilson 235 

Baker, R. H 39 

Ball, Dr. I". B 540 

Banner, Dr. M. R 389 

Barnett, John C 488 

Barr, Dr. John C 537 

Baskin, Peter B 440 

Bates, Capt. M 350 

Beall, Capt. A. C 298 

Beall, Capt. A. J 176 

Bean, B. L 537 

Beauregard, Judge R. T. . 299 

Bell, B. F 536 

Bell, C. W 134 

Berkeley, Col. N o r - 

Borne 298, 539 

Bethel, J. C 352 

Bills, Col. John D 489 

Birdsong, Thomas L.... 294 

Blount, F. B 393 

Bonnier, Mrs. Henry.... 242 

Boone, Mrs. M. M 348 

Bowyer, N. P S3 

Boyd, Gen. J. C 445 

Brunson. Capt. W. H 535 

Breckenridge, G. W 297 

Brewster, LaFayette. . . . 83 

Bridges, J. J 586 

Bright, Hon. John M 540 

Brittain, Dr. B. F 352 

Brittain, Dr. J. M 538 

Brooks, John M 293 

Buchanan, Maj. Henry... 243 

Bullock, Judge J. L 393 

Burroughs, John W 243 

Bush, Gen. J. W 486 

Byers, William R 38 

Cabell. Gen. W. L 179 

Cagle, Capt. .1 W 43S 

Callahan, Capt. S. B 586 

Cannon, Mrs. Thomas L. 240 

Carlisle, R. R 538 

Carter, Thomas J 392 

Casey, W. A 589 

Catron, C. C 81 

Chenault, Judge Stephen. 439 

Chenault, W. L 293 

Chileoat, James E 495 

Childs, W. W 491 

Chisholm, A. C 443 

Christian, Col. W. S 350 

Churchill. W. A 134 

Claridge, J. H 391 

Clark, Adam 4S7 

Clark, James F 38 

Clay, Miss V. C 237 

Cogdill, F. P 348 

Collett. Parkinson 492 

Conklin. Elijah 492 

Cook, Enoch 39 

Cook, Frank 1 43 

Cook, Dr. J. P 586 

Cox. Rev. Asa 487 

Crabtree, J. L 176 

Crawford, S. R 83 



Cubine, John W. . . . 
Culbertson, Dr. J. R 
Cunningham, Capt. 1 
( lunningham, J. W. . 



Daggett. F. H... 
I 'avis, Thomas. . 
Dawson, Mrs. H. V 

Pay, S. H 

DeLoach, W. R. 
Dew, Arthur T. . 
Dorsey, G. W . . . . 
Durham, W. O. . 



53 



Eaton, A. F 

Edgar, Capt. T. H. 
Edwards, Capt. D. B 
Eggleston, George Ca 
Ellis, Joel W. . . 
Epps, James P. . 
Eskridge, W. S. 



A I 



Fewell, Capt. W. G. . 
Fitzgerald, Bishop O. 
Fort, Col. Tomlinson 
Fortinberry, James 

Fowler, D. A 

Francis, J. P 

Friedlin, A. C... 

Frizzell, S. W 

Fry. Dr. James M 
Fry, Col. John P. . 
Fulton, Mrs. J. McD 



W 



Gee, James L 

George, H. J 

Gholson, Dr. S. C. 
Gillespie, James W 
Gish, George McHenry 
Gabbett, Mrs. S. E. . 
Gaines, Capt. J. T. . . 

Gallaher, C. H 

Gardner, Thomas W 
Garnett, Capt. P. R 
Gastren, A. W. 
Gomer, A. P. . . 
Gordon, Gen. George 
Govan, Gen. D. C. 
Grimes, Capt. A. C 
Gullett, Dr. G. T. . 

Hall, J. P 

Handley, Dr. L. S. 
Hanna, Dr. W. M. 
Hardison, H. C. . . 
Harlow, Nelson . . . 

Harrell, A. J 

Harris, ('apt. A. J. 

Harris, R. W 

Hart. Maj. Alex. . 
Harvie, Col. E. J. . 
Haven, Maj. W. S. 
Hazard, John B. . . 
Higgason, Rev. E. A 
Hines, Hon. James D 

Hlrsh, I. E 

Ilix. Col. W. Preston 
Holcomb, William H 
Hopkins, Capt. R. H 
lloskins, Mrs. D. M 
Houston, James T . 

Howard, R. C 

Hume, Charles J.. 
Hunt, Allie G 



293 
239 

297 
239 

438 
293 
390 
443 
177 
438 
5SS 
292 

137 
449 
390 
536 
535 
137 
83 

180 
447 
132 
586 
35 
137 
587 
137 
539 
495 
178 

536 
590 

82 
388 
176 
394 
534 
392 
293 
1 3 v 
536 
130 
449 
444 
351 
241 
234 

SI 
349 
439 
293 
237 
447 

40 
589 
445 
539 
292 
5:: 7 
349 
237 
590 
351 
292 
439 
237 
536 
132 
442 



Hutchins. Dr. John 39 

Hutchinson, Joseph 39 

Hutchinson, Col. R. R... 240 

Jackman, Col. Sidney.... 436 

Jackson, William F 298 

Jenkins, A. E 535 

Jennings, Col. W. R 392 

Johnson, Felix S 234 

Johnson, Tim 181 

Johnson, T. J 586 

Johnston, Gen. George D. 41 

Johnston, James H 82 

Jones, James A 3S 

Joyner, H. E 241 

K< v. Clarence 538 

Kimble, Capt. June 242 

King, Charles H 130 

King, James W 534 

Kirkpatrick, D. F 292 

Knapp, Dr. W. A 135 

Lacey, W. J 292 

Lake, Capt. George B.... ISO 

Lake, Col. Levin 393 

Lake, T. M 389 

Larew, William P....... SO 

Lawrence, James J 351 

Leache, C. H 129 

Leavy, Dr. J. A 175 

Lee, Col. P. L 537 

Lessing, Judge W. II.... 82 

Lipscomb, Judge W. E... 440 

Livingston, Capt. M 243 

Long, Capt. Hardin 535 

Love, H. B 392 

Love, H. T 299 

Love, Isaac S 29S 

Lovelace, B. S 130 

Lumsden, Capt. F. A 234 

Major, Father Tom 541 

Marlar, J. H 83 

Martin, WMlliam P 441 

Matthews, O. T 293 

Mays, William C 489 

McBrayer, A. J 293 

Md larty, J. C 352 

McCown, T. W 174 

McEnery, Senator S. D. . . 43 

McKee, William B 394 

McKinney, W T . A 352 

McLellan, Mrs. Alden 5SS 

Meriwether, Col. M 135 

Milam, Judge J. B 391 

Mills. John R 17S 

Mills, Col. R. Q 490 

Minor, George R 12s 

Mobberly, S. H 131 

Moore, Capt. B. P 438 

Moore, James M 297 

Mumford, Dr. F. M 444 

Murphy, T. O, C 392 

Murray, Capt. James H. . 539 

Murray, J. P 298 

M\ .is, Mrs. M. W 540 

Nash, Dr. H. M 388 

Neely, M. B 350 

Xelms, John W 175 

Nelson. Capt. E 295 

Noland, R. C 586 

Noren. Capt. G. W 295 

Nunnery, Reuben 4 

O'Bryan, Miss M 12S 

Old, Capt. W. W 493 

Parsons, M. J 586 

Pattie, Champ W 348 



Perry, Judge S. F 590 

Peterson, J. F 3 49 

Phelps, W. B 292 

Philips, Daniel D 491 

Pope, Mrs. Caroline Drake 441 

Porter, Dr. F. F 40 

Prince, L. L 389 

Rand, Maj. N 29S 

Ratchford, Maj. J. W 133 

Reeves, C. P 40 

Reed, John W 175 

Reynolds, Capt. R. D 4S7 

Richards, A. J 441 

Richardson, Charles X... 134 

Ridley, Charles L 238 

Rogers, Judge John II... 211 

Roy, Col. Thomas B 8] 

Royal, John H 440 

Russell, Col. E. L 136 

Sanders, John J 298 

Sandusky, Mrs. G. C 297 

Schoppert, Capt. G. A. . . 192 

Scott, B. H 235 

Scott, W. P. M l.:_ 

Screven, Col. R. H 294 

Smartt, Joe C 175 

Smith, Mrs. H. D 212 

Spinks, Dr. E. E 4 90 

Sturlese, Capt. E 273 

Steele, Capt. Dick 393 

Steele. Dr. Theo 488 

Stewart, George W 134 

Taulman, F. A 299 

Taylor, Judge John M... 236 

Taylor, W. H 292 

Thomas, Capt. C. M ::in 

Thomas, S. B 181, 295 

Thompson, Dr. M~. J 2 9 1 

Thurman, T. L 12S 

Tidwell, F. F 238 

Todd, George M 177 

Townes, A. S 292 

Trawick, Dr. A. M 436 

Trimble, M. A SI 

Tucker, William 236 

Tutt, R. H 131 

Valentine, S. M 177 

Vandeventer, Col. A. S. 

129, 439 

Watson, Dr. S. H 175 

Watson, Wheeler 115 

Weakley, R. W 39 

Webb, Mrs. Wary 490 

Weidemeyer, Capt. J. M. 178 

Whatley. L. A 488 

White, B. G 297 

Whitmore, S. W 390 

Wilson, Col. J. D 239 

Wilson, Dr. J. T 443 

Wofford. Col. J. L 587 

Wolf, Maj. E. 240 

Womack, A. A 132 

Woods, Rev. James A. . . . 43 

Woods, Capt. Micajah 296 

Woods, Mrs. V. C 491 

Woodward, S. K 295 

Wright, W. A 297 

Members of Camp Pel- 
ham, Anniston, Ala.... 135 

Members of U. C. V. 

Camp, Grandview, Ala. S3 

Members of Camp Lomax, 

Montgomery, Ala S2 

Members of Camp at Aus- 
tin, Ark SO 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterap. 



Members of Camp at 
Hope, Ark 180 

Members of Camp Jack- 
son. Morrlllton, Ark... 436 

Members of Camp at 
Prairie Grove, Ark.... 83 

members o f Forrest's 
Cavalry at Los Ange- 
les, Cal 349 

Members of < ' a m p at 
Lakeland, Fla z\ 

M e in hi']' s of ' !li bin in 
Camp, Wauchula, Fla.. 137 

Mi mbers of I !obb-l lelan- 
ey ' 'amp, Ather , Qa.. . 3S 

Members of u [er's 

Cavalry, Atlanta 349 

Members of M organ 
( lamp at * Commerce, < la i 36 

Members of i ' a m p al 
Ponchatoula, La 436 

Members of Camp at 
I bill iesburg, \i Iss 39 I 

Members of M c Lai n 
i lamp at Quitman, ."Miss, mi 

Members of Camp Pul- 
ibiin ,ii Greenville, S. C. 3S 



Members of Camp at 

.Mini]. bis, 'IVnn 17 1 

Members of ("'amp at 
Gatesville, Tex 39 

Members of Dick Do'W 
ling Camp, Houston 
Tex 130 392 

Members of Mildred Lee 
Camp al Shi rman, Tex 139 

Member ■ of I lamp i labell, 
Vernon, Tex 39] 

Members of Man Camp 
at Fairfax, Va 23 1 

Members of I !amp a( Leb- 
anon, Va 174 

Members of I lamp Mc1 
hanej . Lebanon, Va . . 389 

M .■ in i. ,■ r 9 of Picket t- 
Buchanan Camp, Nor- 
folk, Va L74 

Members of Camp of 
Northumberland ' loun 
ty, Va I s7 

Members of Stonewall 
' lamp, I'm t uiciiii ii. \ ,i , 437 

M e in ii e r s of William 

Wat i - ' lamp, Rot ke, 

Va (49 



PORTRAITS 



Akin. Maj. J II 

A lexanders Brothers . . . . 

Alderson, Col .7. C 

Alb ii. Miss B F 

Allen, I 'erry W 

\ ii.ii'i on, Maj Jo W. . 

Ami! .V, s, ' '"I A B 

Armlstead, Gen i. a . . . . 

Bachman, Rev. J, W. . . , 

Baker, R. H 

Bi r. l >r. M. R 

Barm tt, T, s 

lb all. A C 

Beall Capl \ .) 

Bi in. Mrs. \V. .1 

Bell, Benjamin F 

Bethel, Capt, .1. C 

Bin i" 'ii ii 

Boui Ma ei Geoi 

Boyle, Mrs. V r 

i '"" er, v P 

'Li. M . . . . 

Brow nlee, ii !•! P 

Brunson, Capt. 1 1. II 

anan, A, 1 1 

man, Maj. I lenry. . 
Virginia \ i nold 
Hush. Gen. .1 W 



■ ii. Gen w I 

i lappli man, Mrs, J. F. . . . 
on, Miss Li., i 

| llai in..- 

| . W. A 

I "all ..ii, C I ' 

Cave, tb i: . ■ 

coat, .1 E 

' Ihllds, W w 

holm, A c 

i Ian, In w. S... , 

. Mrs. Mary 

''In Idge, J. II 

\ibitn 

' 'i. in. hi, Mrs. \\ t. 

i loleman, R B 

man, \\ n 

i in. Elijah 

Cook, Frank 7 

Cook, Miss Varlna 



137 

IE] 

165 
159 
211 
I L6 
S4 
291 

353 
39 
389 
430 
298 
176 
198 
536 

489 

161 

186 

83 

10 

421 

186 

i , i 
208 

r. n 

689 

81 

9 
19 
t 18 

891 

284 

43 
262 



| looper, Elizabeth 

Crittenden, .Mrs. L. M 
Crossland, Col Edw, 

' lubine, J, W 

Culbertson, Mrs. \Y. T 
' lunningham, Mrs Laui a 

nlngham, Paul IS i 



17H 
516 
366 

■ 
609 



Daviess, Maria T 593 

I 'avis, .bib i on Mi ■ 145 

1 '.i\ . .Miss I Ii na 



Day, S. ii. 



I 13 



Del " . h. W. R 1 



i ilckinson, Miss R. !■;.... 
I lickson, Miss h'.'ii,' s. . . 

| lol. G. W 

I louglas, Gen n T 



. . 
194 
376 

588 



I !as1 land, M i is Josephim 69 
Edwards, Capl I • B. , 

Mills. Capl V. W 541 

• i Lllj 1 1 M > 

l'l\ ans, Mrs, I; R 

Fltzgei aid, B! hop P. lis 

lyci ' '..1 S. W 244 

Foi t Brother! iss 

I "•■it. Col Tu nihil-, .ii I 

.in i: \v 

Funkhouser, i: i i 217 

I bibb. II. Ml S. E 

Gait, ' lol ii i 171 

Garni tt, P. i: 

I ;. 
1 b . . , ' ■ i J 

' lillesple, James W. . . , 

er, \ t ■ 130 

' ■ I ii Nal 

w. 

189, 109 

i Irant, J. c 

on, ' !apl John \\ 

M A 

■ ii s. s. . . , 

Hallej ' ten D M in 

M 608 

iiaii. Frank Gurley 103 

Hammond, Miss Alta. . . . 423 



1 



Hankins, Mrs. M. M 112 

Harding, Miss M. A 207 

1 laui . i lapl A . .1 IK 

Harrison, George P., 3d.. 251 

Hart, Maj. Alex 589 

Harvie, Col. E. J 446 

Haven, Maj. W. S 539 

Haw ks, Maj W, .1 3S6 

Helskell Col C, W 420 

I bin > , William T 

I terron, Mrs Sarah 355 

I in kman, Dr T G 332 

i in h, I i". 2.17 

odge, Miss Luzelle 206 

I [odges, Tom P 17 

I lolland, Mrs. ii. E 519 

i i"i'i in . lb 11 292 

Hudson, Dorothj P. and 

"Zollie Tree" ill 

I I mil lb-. .I hers 442 

lint. bin... n . Col lb R. . . 2 in 

1 1 hi chinson, W ill 

I In' ton, Dr. ' ' M 33 ! 

i ini ton, . ' m . Jr 

l/.bir I ii ..i hers 70 

Jackson, Stones all 496 

i mi' ' lol, B. W 392 

Jewell, < lol B, Wood. ... 
Jewell, Gen. William n . 

Johnson, Miss M. II 304 

Johnson, Tim isi 

Johnt ton, ' len. < leorge D. 11 
John -'..ii. . lapt. .1. II. . . . 

Johnson, Maj, John W . . 117 

Kimble, ( lapt. June 212 

i lharles H 130 

King, i i in.'-; W" 531 

King, Gen. W. R 172 

Kinney, Miss Belle 557 

Knapp, Dr. W. A 135 

Lake, ' ' ipl George B. . . . 180 

Lake, T. M :; 9 

V. I II bun I' SO 

i.ii« re James .1 351 

l ..I. Senator Luke 249 

' ' 71 129 

l.v.n v. Dr. J. A 175 

Lei ' lol. P. Lynch 637 

■ii. b. .i udge W !■:. . i in 

l.i\ Ing ton, Capt. M 213 

Lumsden, F. A 234 

■ lapt. J. P 73 

Mi All .7. .1 ... . 

McCollum, Maj. .1. 7...... 353 

M.i '..n 11. T W 17 1 

McKay, \V. L 55 

Mi K inn, . . .Mrs. R, W. . . 196 

McSherry, Mrs, V. F 

M'M-iv ■ 1 Minor. . 135 

■ n William lb . 190 

Milam, Judge J. B 19] 

Mills. John R 17S 

Mobbei ly, S 11 isi 

Mock, Miss L. Byrd. ,263, 616 

.1 M 

Morgan, Gi a John 11 

!. I.ngne 65 

[la ... . 1 i 2 
lb C 5S6 

"1.1. Capt W. W 493 

' 'it, Col, .7. A 

on, Mr. and Mrs. 
John 290 



Owen, Col. Richard. . 151, 205 
' ixford, A. C 422 

Park, Mrs. Emily H 482 

Capl 1: E 

Perkins, Capt. lb 1: 474 

Perry, S. F 530 

I 'hilips, 1 1. 1 1 [94 

Porter, 1 ir. F, F 

Quii k, Capl Tom us 

II mold Gen D. II 211 

Richards, A. .1 1 1 1 

Ridley, I lharles 1 238 

Riggins, Thomai 315 

Rogers. Judge John lb. 24] 

Round. Lieut. G. r 111 

Russell, Col, E. I, 136 

Saussy Brothers 

Scott, B. 11 235 

Schoppei 1. Capl Q \ . . 1 
Shelby, Mrs. Jo and 

Granddaughter 60 

Slaughter, John B 511 

Smith, Miss Alleen 195 

Smith, Austin W 512, 613 

Smith, Milton II s; 

Smith, ' in in 1: 170 

Snowden, Capt. w P 11:. 

Splnki i'i 1 " E i:m 

Steele, 1 Iap1 Dick 393 

Stev. art, George \v 1 3 1 

Stone, Mrs. 1 '. i! 210 

S3 kes, ' fen, E, T 19] 

Ta nlmaii. F. A 

Taylor, Judge John M... 236 

'I 1 as, Capt. C. M :: is 

Tb. unison. MiSS lb T. . . . 159 

Thompson, M. .1 :■ 

Todhuntei \t Iss Elliot! . . 460 
Todhunter, Misses Kath- 
arine ana Emory. . . . x . 1.1 

Tin" Ii k, I ir. A. M 136 

Turpln, Miss M. 11 190 

Tint. 1:. 11 1 :i 

V an! lorn, 1 len Ear] 385 

VanZandt, Gen. K. M. ... 
Vaught, C. N 3S1 

v. ali ott, Mrs, L. 11 470 

Wadleigh, M rs 1 '. R 190 

Walker, Gen C 1 . . . . 203, 459 

Walshe, Capl B T 

w hatley, L. A 

Wheat, Maj. C R 

iker, .1. T 462 

W lib. r. II Q 

Wilson, Col .bl' 

■lb. Col J 1 687 

ck, A \ 

V [ward, S 8 

W Is, lb \ .bur, \ 

Is, Ml Maud C . . 460 

w 1 Capl Mica mi ... . 296 

W Is, !.'•■■ S O 43 

W Is, T || 43 

W Is. Mrs. V. (' 

Wyel hn A. .121, 

" 191 

Founi 11 

roung, William 1 541 

and Wife 111 



< 



8 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



AUTHORS. 



Joyner, O. L. 



2S5 



Aiken, Mrs. Willima C. 330 

Alexander, Gen. E. P 227 

Alderson, J. Coleman. 

465, 517, 520 

Allen, W. G.159, 288, 433, 511 

Allen, Dr. W. S 71 

Anderson, Col. Jim 103 

Anderson, Joseph R 116 

Anderson, O. V 435, 544 

Anderson, T. B 72 

Anderson, W. A 464 

Andrews, M. P 36 

Arnold, J. M 55, 91 

Atkisson, George B 515 

Bannerman, James 547 

Barger, Rev. W. D 484 

Barnett, T. S 430 

Barron, S. B 126 

Barton, Capt. R 291 

Baskette, G. H 45 

Battle, Frank 138 

Baxter, Miss Alice 64 

Bayless, R. T 184 

Bennett, Sam 434 

Berkeley, Edmund 37 

Black, J. C. C 519 

Blackburn, Mrs. Robert.. 328 

Blanchard, E. W 118 

Boyce, Capt. Joseph 271 

Boyd, Dr. J. X 9 

Boyer, W. D 376 

Boyle, Mrs. V. F.lll, 265, 280 

Bradwell, I. G 230 

Brannan, F. P 397 

Brewer, C. B 462 

Brickhouse, J. A 524 

Brooke, St. Geo. Tucker. 156 

Brooks, U. R 453 

Brown, G. E 315 

Browne,' S. Y 66 

Bryant, Welthea 300 

Burress, L. R 229 

Burrows, Maj. F. M 138 

Bush, F. W 206 

Cain, Mrs. Grace P 566 

Castleberry, W. A 338 

Cave, R. C 561 

Chambers, C. C 510 

Chapman, Mrs. F. B 483 

Childs, Mrs. M. F 113 

Claiborne, John M 114 

Clark, M. J 225 

Clay, Capt. A. B 329 

Clement, Mrs. W. R 127 

Cone, A. J 53 

Cummings, C. C 581 

Closz, Jacob 46, 69 



Coffman, J. W 336 

Coleman, R. B 525 

Coleman, W. 284 

Colston, Capt. F. M 22 

Cook, J. W 70 

Cooke, Rev. G. B 417 

Corser, E. S 36 

Coursen, W. A 226 

Crane, J. J 372 

Culvern, Elsie M 514 

Decker, Mary 186 

DeLeon, T. C 311 

Dew, J. H 521 

Dickey, John M 290 

Dodson, W. C 33, 71, 123 

Douglas, Gen. H. T 78 



Douglass, C. S 365 

DuBose. J. W 330 

Dudley. R. H 221 

Duke Gen. B. W 568 

Duke, Charlton G 527 

Duke, Mrs. L. Z 4S1 

Ellis, James W 224 

Ellyson, J. Taylor 215 

Elson, H. W 364 

Embree, D. A 73 

Emerson, Lily H 562 

Emery, J. M 339 

Entlers. Katherine E. . . . 421 

l-.wing, G. D 412 

Finley, J. M 346 

Fitzpatrick, John T 430 

Fleming, Mrs. M. B 555 

Fontaine, Lamar 26 

Foote, Frank H 26 

Ford, S. H 335 

Fordyce, Col. S. W 244 

Freeman, R. W 521 

Freeman, W. H 337 

French, Capt. Marcellus. . 14 

Frisbee, Mrs. Elizabeth.. 51S 

Funkhouser, R. D 217 

Gantt, Mrs. J. B 210 

Garnett, Judge T. S 575 

Gentry, Miss Susie 380 

George, Col. Henry 452 

Giddings, Grace 219 

Gracie, Archibald 27 

Grady, Col. B. F 576 

Grayson, Capt. John W.. 375 

Gregory, Thomas B 531 

Griffith. B. W 303 

Hamill, Dr. H. M 328 

Hampton, J. W 463 

Hanna, A. T 228 

Harbaugh, T. C..115, 310, 485 

Harder, William 37S 

Harding, Milton 371 

Harris, W. H 419 

Haughton, J. B 233 

Hawley, F. 223 

Hawks, A. W. S 386 

Heater, R. M 289 

Helm, W. P 171 

Henderson, J. H 308, 435 

Hickman, John P 160 

Holcombe, R. 1 113 

Holman, Natt 544 

Holmes, Maj. E. A 74 

Howard, Oliver 528 

Howell, F. A 330 

Hubner, Charles W 395 

Humphreys, M. W 37 

Humphries, Mrs. Wm. S. . 344 

Hutching, E. R 270 

Hutton, Rev. C. M. 

122, 166, 331 
Hyde, Anne B 354, 411 

Jackson, Mrs. M. A 591 

Jacob, Harvey D 44, 124 

Jennings, W. C 290 

Jett, W. D '. 11 

Johnston, D. E 585 

Johnston, Miss Mary.... 548 

Jones, George M. .60, 205, 467 

Jones, James A 434 

Jordan, M. C 544 

Joy, Charles G 584 



Kelley, D. C 291 

Kellogg, J 207 

Kendall, H. W 411 

Kenna, Pat 398 

Key, Clarence 19, 287 

Kimbrough, Miss M. C. . . 303 

Kirby, John L 112 

Knobel, Casper 224 

Knowlton, Blanche 21b 

Kohlheim, C. F 173 

Larkin, Col. J. E 231, 232 

Lawson, Capt. A 64 

Learned, Col. O. E 5S 

Lee, Guy Carleton 570 

Leer, Mrs. C. C 62 

Lenoir, Charles 332 

Lenow, John H 205 

Lindsey, Estelle L 322 

Lindsey, Judge B. B 302 

Livingston, Mrs. J. A.... 245 

Lovell, Alice Q 459 

Lynch, Mrs. H. P 275 

Macsentre, Georgia 363 

Markers, Isaac 382 

Marshall, Weed 169 

Mason, Roy 183 

Massey, Dr. R. J 334 

McFall, Mrs. Anna E. 

Mayes 249 

McKendrick, J. F 306 

McKim, R. H 357 

McKinney, Mrs. R. W. 

4, 545, 563 

McKnight, E. H 72 

McLaurine, E. J 384 

McMillin, Brown 346 

McNeilly, Rev. J. H..107, 307 
McSherry, Mrs. V. F. 

3, 53, 101, 147, 207 

Mead, Ernest 281,335 

Miller, E. P 221 

Milner, Dr. T. J 328 

Mitchell, Rev. C. B 357 

Mitchell, John B 341 

Mock, L. Byrd 345 

Mockbee, R. T 126 

Moffett, W. W 273 

Montgomery, James 384 

Moon, Dr. W. H 69 

Mooney, Mrs. S. F 510 

Moore, John Trotwood. 

299, 398 

Moore, T. C 579 

Moore, W. 398 

Morehead, Dr. J. A 317 

Morgan, Mrs. F. T 375 

Murphy, H. C 219 

Napier, Dr. J. L 429 

Nutt, Nannie 164 

Ockenden, Mrs. I. M. P.. 251 

Odenheimer, Mrs. C. P... 7 

Oliver, J. R 531 

Oltrogge, Mrs. E. T 370 

Orr, John 532 

Owen, Horace P 205 

Page, Roswell 297 

Paul, William 87 

Payne, Julius M 518 

Perkins, J. R 473 

Pickett, Col. W. D 209 

Plecker, A. H 233 



Polley, J. B 222 

Porter, I. A 402 

Purifoy, John 77 

Randle, W. F 212 

Ray, Eugene 418 

Reid, W. D 66 

Rieff, W. C 526 

Rhodes, Robert J 72 

Rigby, W. T 423 

Roberts, R. G 435 

Robinson, W. P 114 

Rodeffer, J. D 194 

Rose, Mrs. S. E. F. 

209, 432, 523 

Ross, Mrs. L. D 102 

Rowland, Miss K. M 340 

Ruffln, William H 520 

Sanderson, W. H 434 

Scott, Robert W 57 

Shand, Robert W 57 

Sharp, A. H 580 

Shober, Mrs. M. W 520 

Simpson, Judge R. T 302 

Smith, Col. Baxter 317 

Smith, F. C 11 

Smith, Capt. J. P 496 

Smith, Maj. O. R 271 

Smith, T. W 34 

Smythe, Mrs. A. T 61 

Speed, Mrs. A. P 522 

Spragins, Mrs. A. W 550 

Steel, Rev. S. A 523 

Stephenson, Dr. P. D 316 

Stephenson, Miss M. H. . 374 

Stevens, H. B 215 

Stewart, Col. W. H...336, 387 

Stoddard, R. J 157 

Stowe, Charles E 326 

Sykes, E. T 305 

Tanner, James E 355 

Taylor, C. D 16S 

Teague, Dr. B. H 57 

Tench, Maj. John W 345 

Thayer, W. S 113 

Tipton, Mrs. W. S IS 

Trigg, S. C 32 

Truman, W. L 419 

Turpin, J. A 156 

VanDeman, J. D 417 

Washington, J. E 182 

Wheeler, Maj. L. T 172 

Whetstone, W. D 433 

Whipple, Durand 275 

White, Mrs. A. B 149 

White, Edgar 428 

White, Judge Samuel 479 

White, W. L 10 

Wilder, E. G 75 

Williams, C. H 303 

Wilson, J. Mont 74 

Windham, John R 21 

Winn, Roberta H 422 

Wood, W'allace 223 

W r oods, John L 12 

Wright, Rev. E. A 276 

Wright, Gen. M. J 462 

Wright, O. H. P 213 

Wyeth, John A.. 118, 161, 500 

Yeates, T. B 55 

Yerger, Mrs. L. G 304 

Young, B. H 110 

Young, Gen. L. G 34 

Youngblood, William 286 





Vot.XIX. JANUARY, 1011. No. 1. 

/^ ^ After Eighteen Years! 

*\ \ Greeting and Gratitude $§T 

^ Without delay to meditate over \fc??_£\ 
r| the pathetic past, except on its C-flvtrt 
^gk Kfc^^ ; lesson as a guide (or tin- [1111110, 
W H^^V tne Founder of the VETERAN an- 1/^% 
^B ^k swers again, anxiously, " Here!" 

LEADING ARTICLES IN THIS NUMBER 

TALK 

Announcement U. C. V. Reunion 3 

Letter from President General U. D. C 3 

From Minutes U. D. C. Convention 4-7 

Battle of Oak Hills or Wilson's Creek ^ . .'. 9 

Participant in Battle of Bethel , T 10 

War Experiences in the West 11 

Semmes's Brigade at Chancellorsville p _«^:*f 12 

Dispatch No. 2 from Grant to Lee 14 

Monuments at Bastrop, Tex. d I I llsyille, Va 1518 

Monuments at Benton, La., a vValhnlla, S. C. 16 

Col. F. Hodges and Sons, Okolona, Miss 17 

Amusing Incidents of Service 19-21 

Efficiency of Lee's Ordnance 22-26 

Gracie's Battalion at Williamsburg, Va 27-32 

Shiloh Monument Fund in Treasury 33, 36 

Fire at Chambersburg — Blair House 37 

Last Roll .' 38 

"As It Is Done at Court of Last Resort" 44 

—■—■'!'. , .1 1. 1| 



^or}federat<2 l/eterai). 



THE AVERAGE MAN 

Wants a steady income, good hfa'th, friends, an \ p bappy hom^. 

He is more certain to hav»3 ail of the e if be is prudent in the way h*» bandies bis 
mo* ey. If be saves, be will finally rno«i* e enough iucome from Ins bank account to 
be of mnteria] assistant e fco him in meeting bis usual od igati ns. 

Saving will relieve him of worry, raise J im in the estimation of friends, and 
eventually enable him t > own bis own borne an l provide li eraiiy (or bis family. 

SI opens an account in this bank which pay- 3 intortst per annum. 

THE AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK, Nashville, Tenn. 

"The Only Million-Dollar Nationa Bank in Tennessee" 
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT OPEN SATURDA EVENINGS 6 TO S 





«!NG pjCLASS 
COMPAN/r pRINr/NO 



Facts about 
PRINTING 

C|J To obtain efficiency in the re- 
sult, whether it be in the Station- 
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graphing, the Blank Books, or 
whatever task the printer may be 
called upon to perform, you must 
demand the best— HIGH-CLASS 
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equipment. €]f We g ve thought to 
our productions. Write to us. We 
will be able to carry out your ideas or 
possiblv to suggest something new. 

BRANDON PRINTING CO. 



Nashville. 



Tenn. 




I Am the Custodian 
of the OfEicial U. C. 
V. Society Button 



which only Confederate Veterans 
who are members of U. C. V. Camps 
and their wives and daughters are en- 
titled to wear; same may be had by 
writing me and inclosing the price of 
same. Gold, $i ; plated, 50 cents each. 

J. F. SHIPP, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Quartermaster General, United Con* 
Eederate Veterans 



Send the Veteran as present for 191 1. 



wsm. 



BOOKS t f he PUBLIC SPEAKER 

Edited Dy Edwin DuBois Shurter. Associate 
Pro essor of Public Speaking in the Uni- 
versity of Texas. 

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postage. 15 cts. 

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Send a new subscription and ask for 
"The Heart of Dear Old Dixie" free. 
See the beautiful words on page 46. 



BETTER THAN BONDS. 
"A Sure Legacy for Whom You Love." 

We offer for sale a tract of land lying 
on top of Cumberland Mountain about 
nine miles from Winchester, Tenn. This 
tract contains one hundred acres, less 
one acre sold for public school purposes. 
On it are two strong chalybeate springs, 
about one-fourth of a mile apart, and the 
flow of water, judicioulsy conserved, 
would be ample for ten thousand guests. 
About fifteen feet from the main cha- 
lybeate spring is a spring of freestone 
water — copious, cold, and pure. These 
waters conjoin a rod or so below, form- 
ing a beautiful cascade. Hundreds have 
been restored to health by their use. 

The only drawback is a very rough 
road by the hauling of much lumber, yet 
it is in such demand that improvements 
will evidently be made ere long. 

An old issue of the Winchester News 
Journal states : "These springs are well 
known for their curative properties. 
Many of our local citizens can attest to 
this as a desirable summer resort." 

There are several houses on the prop- 
erty, much of the land is in a good state 
of cultivation, and the price is $1,000 
on easy terms, a trifle over $10 per acre. 
It is well known as Keith's Springs, 
but has been owned until recently by 
Major Slatter individually for thirty 
years. S. A. Cunningham, Nashville. 

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Baltimore 
Philadelphia 
New York and 
all Eastern Cities 
from the South 
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is via Bristol and the 

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WARREN L. ROHR. Western Passenger Agent 
Chattanooga Tenn. 

W. B. BEVILL. General Passenger Agent 
Roanoke, Va. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Kntert'd it the posl office ;ii Nashville. Tenn., as second class matter. 

Contributors are requested t" use only one side of the paper, and. to a 
at? umucb is practicable, These suggestions are Important. 

\\ hpr. clippings are sent copi should be kept, as the Veteran cannot tin 
■en ik- t" return them. Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The date t<* i subscription Is always given to the month bt t - ■■ M i nds. I ■ i 
Instants, 't thi \ i rBRAN is ordered to begin with January, the date on mail 
list will be I*'-' ember, ami tin- subscriber is entitled lo that number. 



TherfvUn a vae too long ago to he called the late war, an.) when cor- 
•pondenis use that term " War between the States" will t>e substituted. 
The term " New south" and" Lost cause" are objectionable to the Veteran. 



OFFIC1A LL r REP /,' BSE V TS : 

I \'i | BRA1 B Vl i i R U*S, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons op Veterans, vm> Othkk Organizations, 

Confederated Soi rHERN Memorial Assoi i \tion. 

The Veteran is approved ami indorsed officially by a larger and mors 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication In existence. 

Thouifh men deserve, they may not win suci i 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the tess- 



PRICK $1 (Kl PEB YrCAR- ' 
BlHGl F < l'I>\ Id ( 'KNTS. * 



Vol. XIX. 



NASHVILLE. TENN.. JANUARY, 1911. 



No. 1. 



S, A. (TXXIXUBAM 
PllOPRlKTOR 



UNITED COb 1 ! DERATE VETERANS. 

[wenty-First Annual Reunion to Be Held at Little 
Rock May i6 l8, mi i. 

In his official announcement the Adjutant General and Chief 
of Staff -tates: 

"Tin- city of Little Rock will be able to show very little of a 
di rate nature to the gallant nun who arc soon to be her 
auots. She passed into the hands of the enemy soon after the 
breaking out of the war, and was thus severed from her si 
and lost the opportunities of those more fortunately sit 
But the patient endurance of hardships by her noble women 
m the manner ever characteristic of the women of the Con- 
i v showed that they were worthy to rank with other 
sectii 'lis of the South. 

"The brave sons of Arkansas, separated from their loved 
ones by insurmountable barriers, manifested on every battle- 
field of the war that courage and fearlessness in action winch 
has made the name of Confederate a synonym of all that is 
grand in the character of a soldier, and which caused Gem ral 
Hardee to speak of an Arkansas regiment under his command 
as the 'Bloody Seventh.' than which there can be no higher 
praise. 

"Hid any State give to the cause a braver, abler, nobler sol- 
dier than Pat R. Cleburne, whose reckless action at Franklin 
won the plaudits of the world? or Ilindman or Reynolds or 
Pike or G oi Stand Watie, and the other Indian war- 

bj oui cau e so steadily throughout the un- 
equal struggle? 

'The State and citj have shown their fidelity under • 

meriting the highest honors, and the refined 
and hospitable peopli i i thi 'Queen City of the West' \ 
tertain the United Confederate Veterans in a manner equal to 
the best of the past. \s this is tin firsl meeting which has 
been held in the Trans Mississippi Department foi a m 
of years, the General commanding hopes that the attendance 
may be very large." 

UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY 

FROM MRS. VIRGINIA FAULKNER Hi'SHERRY, PRESIDENT 
Gl NI i; \i.. U \i;i INSB1 RG, w. VA. 
My Dear Daughters of the Confederacy: Before the , 

of history are cli nl your Pn idenl to dwell upon the 

event- . t the seventeenth annual Convention of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, recently held in Little Rock, 
Ark, For the benefit of those who did not attend 1 must 
mention the beauty of the city, the lavish hospitality of its 



people, the stateliness of its buildings, its ideal and m 
hotel, the Marion, which was headquarters, where every at- 
tention and ci ii ilile were accorded the delegates. 

The U. D. C. of Arkansas has every reason to b 
at the success of tin- convention, which was one of the most 
delightful in the annals of thi a i i ttion. 

The President General desires to thank the delegates foi 
their consideration and thoughtfulness, which made the con 
vention so harmonious, leaving only pleasant memories and a 
closer bond of fellowship, assuring that the coming year will 
lie one of achievement and advancement for our cause. 

"1 here was but one change in the efficient ci 
that of Recording Secretary General, as Mrs. A. L. Dowdell 
felt that after four year-, of service it was time to withdraw. 
Mrs Roy W. McKinney, of Paducah, Ky., was unanimously 
elected to till the vacancy. During the years of Mrs. Dowell's 
services she has endeared herself to all who came in contact 
with her, and I feel that the same result will follow in the 
case of the present incumbent, who has started her work in a 
mosl •ii: l'ii iastic and businesslike manner. 

An important change in the constitution was made in the 
eligibility clause, eliminating "grandnieces" and extending it 
rther than nieces and lineal descendants of such nun as 
honorably served in the Confederate army, navy, or civil serv- 
ice. This does not debar women of Confederate lineage, win ii 
such lineage can be traced through a loyal mother, grand- 
mother, or great-grandmother, a- well as collaterally from a 
great HI 

I desiie to call the attention of the Daughters to an impoi 
tant change which henceforth calls for the transaction of all 
ss of a Division through the Stale I';, idenl ol such 
Division. The fust important business will be the compiling 
of the rosters, which should be in the hands of the Recording 
Genet al I hi ( hapti i s thei efoi e « ill s< nd in cor- 
rect i" ters to their respective Division Presidents, who will 
ol them. Much responsibility in tins is place. 1 upon the 
Division Presidents, and I trust and implore that they may 
all real f, as the fate 1 1) 

the Division is now placed upon the Presidents of Divisions. 

A history committee is now I imposed of the His- 

torian oi the Divisions ami of Chapters where there are no 
Divisions. Ibis committee will work in i on with the 

Historian General as chairman. 

The Arlington monument fund is growing monthly, and 
with recent donations now totals twenty-two thou ind d 




Qo^federat^ l/eterai). 



The great Southern sculptor, Sir Moses E/.ekiel, has been se- 
lected to place in this hallowed spot a monument worthy of 
the great cause and the efforts of the association. It has been 
decided that the monument shall cost not less than fifty thou- 
sand dollars. 

The Shiloh Monument Committee in gathering funds has a 
great and worthy cause, and the erection of a monument on 
that battlefield is of great importance and should be a credita- 
ble one when completed. 

Mrs. L. H. Rains, 908 Dully Street, Savannah, Ga., is chair- 
man of the Insignia Committee. All who desire pins or badges 
should apply to Mrs. Rains. 

My dear Daughters, these are a few of the important facts 
to which I urge attention, and I beg that each and every one 
of you may read the Annual most carefully, gaining thereby 
much help and inspiration for future work. May the years 
of usefulness of our organization be many, many more to 
come, and with the wish that the Christmas joys may be yours ! 



PROCEEDINGS IN THE U. D. C. CONVENTION. 

BY MRS. ROY W. M'KINNEY, SECRETARY GENERAL. 

The opening exercises of the seventeenth Annual Conven- 
tion were in the auditorium of the Marion Hotel Wednesday, 
November 8, at 8 p.m. Mrs. Orlando Halliburton, President 
of the Arkansas Division, presided over the exercises and 
gracefully introduced the speakers. 

The Rt. Rev. John B. Morris, Bishop of the Roman Catho- 
lic Diocese of Arkansas, offered the opening prayer. 

Gov. George W. Donaghey, Col. George W. Murphy, and 
Gen. B. W. Green delivered addresses of welcome. The next 
speaker was Mr. Henry Rector, who extended a hearty wel- 
come in behalf of the United Sons of Confederate Veterans. 

Mrs. J. T. Beal, President of the Memorial Chapter, Mrs. 
S. S. Wassell, President of the J. M. Keller Chapter, and Mrs. 
John Fletcher, President of the Arkansas Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs, in well-chosen words welcomed the guests to the 
City of Roses. 

Little Miss Dorothy Neimeyer gave a vocal solo, which was 
much enjoyed. A quartet and a double quartet, followed by a 
solo rendered with exquisite charm by Mrs. De E. Bradshaw, 
finished the musical program. 

Mrs. John Stayton, of Newport, Ark., gave several recita- 
tions, which brought forth hearty applause. 

Mrs. Halliburton introduced the President General and pre- 
sented her the gavel, and Miss Mildred Rutherford, of Geor- 
gia, responded to the addresses of welcome. 

After a number of prominent women were introduced to the 
convention, the meeting adjourned to meet at 9:30 the fol- 
lowing morning. 

First Day, Wednesday, November 9, 1910. 
Morning Meeting. 

The meeting was called to order by the President General, 
Mrs. McSherry. 

Before proceed -3 with the regular order of business the 
privileges of the floor were extended Mrs. Yerger, of Missis- 
sippi, who presented the Arkansas Division a gavel made of 
cedar wood from Beauvoir, the work of one of the veterans 
in the Mississippi Home. 

Mrs. Halliburton accepted the gift in the name of the Divi- 
sion, and requested the President General to use it during the 
convention. 

After the reading of the ritual, the Secretary read the re- 
port of the opening exercises of the convention held Tuesday 
evening, which was accepted after a few corrections. 

The chair then appointed the following committees : 



On Recommendations of the President General : Mrs. B. B. 
Ross, Alabama; Mrs. L. R. Schuyler, New York; Mrs. W. R. 
Clement, Oklahoma. 

On Rules and Regulations: Mrs. F. M. Williams, North 
Carolina; Mrs. N. D. Eller, Virginia; Mrs. C. D. Merwin, 
Washington, D. C. 

On Resolutions: Miss Alice Baxter, Georgia; Mrs. Frank 
Odenheimer, Maryland; Mrs. Lucy Green Yerger, Mississippi. 

The Secretary called the roll and the Division Presidents 
presented the flags of their States, which were received by 
Mrs. Walke, of Virginia, the Custodian of Flags and Pennants, 
and presented by her to the two Chapters of Little Rock. 

Awaiting the report of the Credential Committee, the Chair 
presented Mrs. S. E. F. Rose, of Mississippi, who read her 
splendid paper on the "Kuklux Klan." 

Mrs. Gill, of Little Rock, Chairman of the Credential Com- 
mittee, read her report as follows: Chapters represented, 983; 
votes in convention, 1,674. The Secretary, after calling the 
roll of officers and chairmen of standing committees, announced 
that all the general officers were present, a thing unusual in 
the history of the association. 

The President General delivered her annual address, which 
message was filled with the good work being done, and was 
accepted with thanks. 

The report of the Recording Secretary shows remarkable 
growth of the organization, sixty-eight charters having been 
issued since the meeting at Houston. 

The Corresponding Secretary General read her report as 
follows: Letters written, 94; circular letters written, 105; no- 
tices of defunct Chapters, 60; notices to Executive Board, 8; 
postal cards issued, 1,180; total communications issued, 1,447. 

The Custodian of the Cross of Honor reported that one 
year more and the records of that office would be copied in the 
books and all would be ready to be placed in the Confederate 
Museum at Richmond. These records have been looked up 
by Mrs. L. H. Rains, the Custodian General, and represent a 
vast amount of work. 

Mrs. B. B. Ross, of Alabama, called the Chair's attention 
to the presence of Mr. S. A. Cunningham, Editor of the Con- 
federate Veteran. Mr. Cunningham was escorted to the plat- 
form, and in well-chosen words addressed the convention. 

Communications were read, announcements made, and the 
meeting adjourned to meet at 2:30 p.m. 
Afternoon Meeting. 

The meeting was called to order at 3 p.m. by Mrs. L. C. 
Hall, First Vice President General, in the chair. 

The President General and many members were absent from 
the room, having gone to attend the unveiling of a bowlder, 
erected to the Confederate women of Arkansas in the grounds 
of the old Statehouse. 

Mrs. James B,. Gantt, of Missouri, Registrar General, re- 
ported having received since her last report 12,601 names. 

Mrs. J. Enders Robinson, of Virginia, Historian General, 
had her full and creditable report printed in pamphlet form 
and distributed over the house. Mrs. Robinson submitted the 
following rules for the office of Historian General : 

"The Historian General shall call together the Historians 
attending the convention one hour before the morning busi- 
ness meeting of the second day to discuss their general his- 
torical interests. This call shall apply to Chapter Historians. 

"The Committee of Historians shall be composed of the 
Historians of the current year of Divisions and of Chapters 
where no Divisions exist. 

"Each one shall send a report of the work of her Division or 
Chapter to the office of the Historian General by September 



Qoi}federat<^ l/eterai). 



i, said report not to contain more than four hundred words, 
including caption and signature. 

"After receipt of such a report, the Historian General shall 
not accept additions; but she may accept revisions of his- 
torical errors, provided sent by the writer. The Historian 
General shall at no time correct or revise the report of any 
Historian. All such reports shall be printed in pamphlet form 
to be distributed to the next convention." 

The Historian General was instructed to have two historical 
papers now in her office — one by Mrs. Margaret Watson, of 
Texas, the other by Dr. S. E. Lewis, of Washington, D. C. — 
printed and distributed during the coming year. 

Mrs. Frank Anthony Walke, of Virginia, Custodian of Flags 
and Pennants, made her report. 

The Arkansas Confederate Veterans who were holding their 
annual meeting in the hotel visited the convention in a body 
and presented resolutions and made short addresses. 

Second Day, Thursday, November io, 1910. 

The meeting was called to order by the President General 
at ten o'clock. 

An invitation was extended by Mrs. Anderson, of the Keller 
Chapter, to visit the Confederate Home. 

News of Democratic victories were received from all over 
the country, and many requests were made to send telegrams 
of greetings to these men congratulating them. After much 
discussion, it was decided that the U. D. C. refrain from tak- 
ing any part in politics. 

Changes in the Constitution Adopted. 

Article VI., Section 2, of the constitution was amended to 
read as follows: "The number of Honorary Presidents U. D. 
C, exclusive of the Honorary President General, shall be 
limited to fourteen at any one time, all of whom shall be 
elected for life. The office of Honorary President General 
shall remain vacant as a memorial in Mrs. Jefferson Davis, 
wife of the only President of the Southern Confederacy." 

To Article VI., Sectii 11 3. were added I he umils: " 1 1 i-.tori-.ui 
General and Registrar General." 

Article III., Section I, was amended to read: "Said members 
being entitled to all the honors and privileges of this associa- 
tion, except that of holding office in the General Association, 
Divisions, or Chapters, except that of transmitting this honor 
to members of her family, only her children of a Confederate 
father. The honor dies with her if she has no children." 

Article VII., Section 2, was amended by adding: "A com- 
mittee of Division Historians and of Chap:.-r Historians where 
00 Division exists, with the Historian General as chairman, to 
be known as the Committee on History." 

Article III., Section 1, was amended as follows: "Those 
women entitled to membership are the widows, wives, mothers. 
sisters, nieces, and lineal descendants of such men as served 
honorably in the Confederate army, navy, or civil service; 
or of those men, unfit for active duty, who loyally gave aid to 
iuse. Also Southern women who can give proof of per- 
sonal service or loyal aid to the Southern cause during the 
war, and the lineal descendants or nieces of such women wher- 
ever living." (Remainder of section unaltered.) 

Article V., Section .}, was amended as follows: "Eliminate 

all that follows the first sentence and substitute: 'The Presi- 

I a I livision or in her absence- the chairman of the State 

delegation may represent any Chapter in her Division if duly 

chosen by said Chapter, and when so chosen shall be consich n d 

not a proxy, from the Chapter.' In the beginning 

of the last sentence substitute the word 'delegate' for 'proxy.' 
to read : 'A delegate must vote according to instructions, etc' " 



Article IX., Section 1, was amended to read: "Chapter 
Presidents must issue certificates of membership to members 
at the time they are admitted to membership." 

Article III., Section 4. was amended to read: "Any Chapter 
desiring to change its name or to receive a duplicate charter 
may apply to the Recording Secretary General for a new char- 
ter, paying the regular charter fee of $3, such charter to be 
issued under the original number of the Chapter." (Remaining 
portion of Section 4 unchanged.) 

Article IV., Section 4, was amended, beginning with the sec- 
ond sentence, to read : "Each Division must notify the Presi- 
dent General without delay of the withdrawal, suspension, or 
extinction of any of its Chapters. It shall be the duty of the 
President General upon receiving written notice from a Divi- 
sion that any Chapter has withdrawn therefrom to have the 
charter of such Chapter canceled by the Recording Secretary 
General. Notice of this cancellation shall be sent to the Cus- 
todian of the Cross of Honor, and shall be included in the 
next annual report of the Recording Secretary General." 

Article VI., Section 2, was amended by adding the name of 
one more officer, that of Custodian of Flags and Pennants. 
Changes in the By-Laws. 

Article IX. of the by-laws was amended to read: "The 
election of officers shall be the first order of business at the 
morning meeting of the fourth day of the convention, followed 
by all amendments to the constitution and by-laws." 

Article I. of the by-laws was amended by adding Section y. 
as follows : "The General Association shall deal with the Di- 
visions and Chapters in the Divisions through the State 
President. All communications and printed matter sent on 
from the department of the General Association except that 
concerning the cross of honor shall be sent to the State Presi- 
dent, wdio shall as soon as possible after receipt of such let- 
ters or printed matter communicate or transmit same to the 
Chapters of their respective Divisions." 

A resolution was passed instructing the President General 
and Recording Secretary General to make the verbal changes 
necessary to bring the by-laws as now printed into conformity 
to this amendment. 

Article VII.. Section 5, of the by-laws was amended by in- 
serting after the words. "Congressional Library, Washington, 
D. C," "Departments of Archives and History of the South- 
ern States and to the Sons of Veterans Hall, Memphis, Tenn." 

Third Day, Friday, November ii, iqio. 
Morning Meeting. 

After formal opening, Mrs. Yerger, President Mississippi 
Division, extended an invitation from the coast Chapters o> 
her State to attend the dedication of a chapel reredos at '.he 
Soldiers' 1 Ionic-. Beauvoir, Miss., when the visitors would be 
entertained with an alfresco tea on November 17. 

Splendid reports were made by* Division representatives. 
showing growth and interest in the work throughout the coun- 
try. 

Mi-- Rutherford, of Georgia, presented a communication 
from Mrs. C. Helen Plane, of Atlanta. Ga., urging that im- 
mediate steps be taken tow aid the building of a home for 
* onfederate women. Miss Rutherford presented the fol- 
lowing resolution : 

"Resolved, That the bom. 1 Confederate women be 

the next work of the United Daughters of the Confederacy; 
that each Chapter be empowered to organize at once within 
itself a 'Home Circle.' the purpose of which shall be to aid 
in erecting and maintaining this l\ D. C. Memorial Home to 
honor the memory of Confederate women and their lineal de- 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



scendants ; that each 'Home Circle' send a representative to 
the next General Convention to form a committee for the pur- 
pose of selecting a location for the Home and for devising 
ways and means for its erection and maintenance." 

Miss Rutherford asked that no action be taken on the matter 
of the Home and that the matter should come up at the next 

convention. .,, ,,, ,■ 

Afternoon Meeting. 

After the meeting opened, the following resolution was 
presented: 

"Resolved, That a Relief Committee, whose duty it shall be 
to investigate and relieve, as far as possible, the present press- 
ing needs of aged Confederate women, be appointed at each 
convention by the President General, beginning with this one, 
and be given by the convention a stated sum, this committee 
to exist until the U. D. C. Home is built." 
Evening Meeting. 

Mrs. Schuyler, of the New York Chapter, made the report 
of the Committee on Award of Prize at Teachers' College. 
The $100 was awarded to Mr. Harvey M. Morrow, of Ala- 
bama, after receiving the approval of Mrs. Virginia F. Mc- 
Sherry, President General U. D. C. The judges were: E. B. 
Craighead, LL.D., President of Tulane University, New Or- 
leans, La. ; Prof. M. S. Brown, Head of Department of His- 
tory, New York University; Dunbar Rowland, LL.D., Director 
of the Department of History and Archives for the State of 
Mississippi. 

The subject of the essay was "The History of Slavery in 
the State of Mississippi," this topic being selected from a list 
prepared by S. C. Mitchell, LL.D., President of the University 
•of South Carolina, at the request of the committee. 

The essay by Miss Ruth B. Hawes, of Virginia, was given 
especial mention by the committee, it having received one vote 
for first place. The committee recommended that the appro- 
priation of one hundred dollars annually for the prize be con- 
tinued. The report with its recommendations was adopted. 

Miss Poppenheim, of South Carolina, made the report of 
the Educational Committee. '1 he summing up of that report 
presents the following splendid facts : Seven general scholar- 
ships valued at $1,020 dispensed as the work of the General 
U. D. C. Committee on Education ; Alabama, fifteen scholar- 
ships valued at $l,iS8; Arkansas, two scholarships valued at 
$200; Florida, twelve scholarships valued at $597.60; Geor- 
gia, fifty-seven scholarships valued at $3,945 ; Louisiana, two 
scholarships valued at $300; Missouri, four scholarships (no 
value given); New York, two scholarships valued at $100; 
North Carolina, fourteen scholarships valued at $1,115; South 
Carolina, two scholarships valued at $288; Tennessee, fifteen 
scholarships (no value given) ; Texas, three scholarships 
valued at $300; Maryland, two scholarships (.no value given) ; 
Kentucky, six scholarships valued at $300; Mississippi, nine 
scholarships valued at $675; Virginia, seven scholarships (no 
value given). 

Oklahoma reports Educational Committee just appointed 
and ready for work. 

Washington tried to unite Oregon and Montana with itself 
in educational work, and gave $30 to general educational fund. 
This shows one hundred and fifty-three scholarships valued at 
$10,088. This is a record of which every Southerner should 
be proud. The total value would have been even more if all 
the Divisions had sent in the valuation of each scholarship. 

It was decided that all money contributed to educational pur- 
poses, whether in Chapter or Division work, be reported to 
the Committee on Education. 

The report of the Shiloh Monument Committee was given 



by Mrs. White, Director General of the committee, and Mrs. 
McKinney, Treasurer. Mrs. Cornelia Branch Stone, of Texas, 
presented her report as Chairman of the Committee on Design 
of the Arlington Monument. The report of the Treasurer 
of the Arlington Monument Association was read. The of- 
fice of Vice Chairman of the Arlington Confederate Monument 
Association was created, and Dr. Samuel Lewis was elected to 
fill the place. 

Fourth Day. Saturday, November 12, 1910. 
Morning Meeting. 

The election of officers resulted in the following general 
officers having been elected to serve during the year : Mrs. 
Virginia F. McSherry, President General; Mrs. L. C. Hall, 
First Vice President General ; Mrs. Mary E. Bryan, Second 
Vice President General; Mrs. T. T. Stevens, Third Vice 
President General ; Mrs. Roy W. McKinney, Recording Sec- 
retary General ; Mrs. Katie Childress Schnabel, Correspond- 
ing Secretary General ; Mrs. C. B. Tate, Treasurer General ; 
Mrs. James B. Gantt, Registrar General ; Mrs. Enders Robin- 
son, Historian General; Mrs. L. H. Rains, Custodian of Cross 
of Honor; Mrs. Frank Anthony Walke, Custodian of Flags 
and Pennants. 

Many tributes were paid the retiring Secretary General, Mrs. 
A. L. Dowdell, who has served the association in a most ef- 
ficient manner for four years. 

After the election of officers, the A. C. M. A. was again 
taken up, and a motion offered by Mrs. Eller, of Virginia, was 
carried providing for a monument at Arlington to cost not 
less than $50,000 with the hope of $75,000. 

Mrs. Ross, of Alabama, presented the subject of the Christ- 
mas Seals in the absence of Mrs. James, of Florence, Ala. 

A collection was taken for monument to the Immortal 600. 

Mrs. Schuyler, of New York, presented the matter relative 
to the purchase of the portrait of Mrs. Jefferson Davis painted 
by Mrs. J. D. Rice. A collection was taken from the floor to 
assist in accomplishing this object. 

. The convention indorsed the plan presented by Mrs. Walke, 
of Virginia, to use every effort to have the prospective fort 
at Chesapeake Bay called Fort Maury after the pathfinder of 
the sea, Matthew Fontaine Maury. 

Afternoon Meeting. 

Contributions were taken for the monument to Joseph E. 
Johnston being built in Georgia. 

Mrs. Kline, of Missouri, moved that all badges now in the 
hands of Theus & Co. be purchased by the U. D. C, that the 
President General should notify the State Presidents from 
whom they should buy badges, and that Theus & Co. be noti- 
fied to make no more badges. Carried. The President General 
was instructed to appoint a committee to ascertain if a copy- 
right on the design now used can be secured with authority to 
take steps to that end. 

The President General was empowered to appoint a com- 
mittee on design for badges to be worn by the general officers, 
these badges to be of gold and the property of the U. D. C. 

Mrs. McKinney, of Kentucky, presented the claim of Camp 
Beauregard at Water Valley, Ky., where there are between 
1,200 and 1,500 Confederate soldiers buried. These soldiers 
are from Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Ten- 
nessee. An earnest appeal for help from the U. D. C. re- 
sulted in liberal pledges. 

Ezcning Meeting. 

Sister Esther Carlotta, of Florida, presented resolutions 
urgently recommending that only correctly proportioned battle 
flags be accepted from dealers. The correct battle flag is 



Qoi)federat<2 Veterar). 



/ 



square with thirteen stars of equal size in the cross. Mrs 
Walke, of Virginia, Custodian of Flags and Pennants, was 
instructed to communicate with different firms making flags, 
telling them of the action of the convention regarding incor- 
rect flags. 

I he convention indorsed the action of the Arkansas Division 
in its effort to preserve the old Statehouse "i" Arkansas in 
which the ordinance of secession was enacted and around 
which clusters the history of Arkansas since 1836. 

The convention adjourned to meet in Richmond, Va., in 
November, 191 1. 

THE HAYES MEMORIAL ALTAR AND REREDOS. 

The Church of the Redeemer at Biloxi, Miss., has been the 
recipient of a beautiful altar and reredos, the gift of the 
United Daughters of the Confederacy in memory of Margaret 
Howell Jefferson Davis Haves. Mrs Hayes, the elder daugh- 
ter of Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, 
was an active member of the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
and the Association has erected a memorial to her name. 

The altar and reredos were unveiled on November 17 after 
appropriate services, the presentation speech being made by 
Mrs. Virginia F. McSherry, President General of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, and the formal acceptance and 
dedication were made by 1 Right Rev. Theodore Dubose 
Bratton, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Mississippi. The 
rector, the Rev. C. B. Crawford, took occasion in an address 
to express his appreciation of this memorial as well as former 
gifts to that Church by the Daughters and by Mrs. Hayes. 

The Rev. Dr. L. Logan, Chaplain of the Beauvoir Camp of 
Veterans, also spoke, and the anthem, "The Souls of the 
Righteous," was rendered by the parish choir. It is interest- 
ing to note that the Church of the Redeemer, in which the 
memorial is placed, has been called the "Westminster" of the 
South because it was the home Church of the Davis family. 




The altar and reredos are designed in Norman-Gothic style 
to harmonize with the architectural treatment of the church. 
The mensa is supported by three semicircular arches, heavily 
molded, resting upon columns, space underneath being left 
open. At the back of this space is placed paneling with tin 
symbols of Alpha and 1 huega to the right and left of the cen 
ter, and the Chi Rho in the center panel. Above the mensa 
are two retahles, the lower one being ornamented by raised let- 
ters in the words of "Holy, Holy, Holy." The upper retable 
is broken and set forward of the face, forming a platform on 
which to place the cross. Above rises the reredos. consisting 
of a large panel with two small panels on either side. Each 
panel is ornamented by the semi-engaged columns, with heavy 
moldings above and the side panel being decorated by an 
ornamental carving of the grapevine molded in deep relief. 
In the center panel, above the cross in three-quarters' relief, 
is the dove representing the Holy Ghost shedding the rays 
over the cross. The design is completed by three gables, ter 
minating with crosses. The altar and reredos are the work of 
Upjohn & Conable, the noted church architects of New York. 

The Daughters were most efficiently represented by their 
committee, of which Mrs. Lizzie George Henderson, of Green- 
wood, Miss., i s chairman. The other members of the com- 
mittee are: Mrs. Livingston Rowe Schuyler, of New York, 
Mrs. Roselle Cooley, of Jacksonville, Fla.. Mrs. C. J. Weathei 
by, of Biloxi, Miss, and Mrs. George Holmes, of Charleston 
S C. 

The M \kyi..\nd Division. 
Mrs. Cordelia Powell Odenheimer, President, sends report: 
"The regular annual convention of the Maryland Division. 
U. D. C, was held December 7 in Baltimore. There was 
nothing brought up but ordinary routine business. The attend 
ance was quite large, and the di li gati d to have a much 

greater interest in the general organization work than 1 have 
noticed before. Mrs. G. Smith Norris, the Second Vice Presi- 
dent, presented the Division with a gavel made of wood from 
the Hermitage, Gen. Andrew Jackson's home. 

"The following office) for the year were elected: Mrs. D 
Giraud Wright. Baltimore. Honorary President; Mrs. Frank 
G. Odenheimer. Jessup, President; Mrs. John P. Poe, Balti 
more. First Vice Pre ident; Mis. G. Smith Norris, Belair, 
Second Vice President; Mis. L. Victor Baughman, Frederick, 
Third Vice President; Mrs. A I B 1 ■ I ipeake Citj 
Fourth Vice President; Mrs. August Weber, Baltimore, R( 
cording Secretary; Mrs. Neilson Poe, Jr., Baltimore, Corre- 
sponding Secretary; Mrs. Winlield Peters, Baltimi 
urer ; Mrs. Samuel 1. Brown, Baltimore, Recorder of Cross 
of Honor; Miss Marie Louise Johnson, Frederick, Historian; 
Mrs. Joseph Branham, Baltimore, Chairman of Educati 



FROM PHOTO OF THE RFREDOS. 



Buried at Castalian Springs, Miss.— T. W. Smith, Com- 
i- Holmes County Camp, I' C, V., Lexington, Miss., 
writes that after the battle of Shiloh some, if not all, of the 
wounded Confederate soldiers from Missouri, Kentucky, an. I 
Tennessee were sen! to the hospital al I in Springs, 

Miss., and that eighty or ninetj di' buried in a 

[il.it of ground near the D at Weslej liurch 

The graves were not marked, so that no further information 
can be given. During last year the Holmes Count) Camp, No 
398, U. C. V., had the graves idled and 1 rected a in inument in 
the center of the plat, naming the Slates as giv< I hey 

also had stone markers placed at the four corners of the plat 
and inclosed the whole with a good wire fence. 



8 



Qor^federat^ l/eteraij. 



Confederate l/eterar?. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 



EIGHTEEN YEARS— GRATITUDE TO PATRONS. 

In order to advance publication day, so that the Veteran 
may be in the hands of subscribers by the first of the month, 
this is a sort of "clean-up" issue. Lengthy articles that have 
been held over for some time are used to the exclusion of the 
usual number of short sketches and current incidents of the 
organizations. While there is a lack of these things, the space 
given to comrades in historic matter predominates. 

This early January issue is designed to combine expressions 
of the Christmas and New Year greetings and of gratitude 
that so many blessings have come to the management through- 
out its eighteen years of history-making. Eighteen years ! 
Meditation on its events and attendant blessings creates grati- 
tude beyond expression. It suggests a silent prayer. The sor- 
row in so many deaths of useful men and women is poignant, 
yet it is not well to be mopish. A comrade sending subscrip- 
tion for some years ahead states that whether or not we both 
live to the end of that time the money is well applied. Al- 
though in looking to the future of eighteen years the vision is 
beclouded, there will be sunshine still to come, while silence 
will evidently be the condition to the great majority of Con- 
federate veterans now in life. During the intervening days 
and years let us be cheerful and diligent in good works, and 
let us be at peace with our fellow-men. 

Words of Counsel to Subscribers. 

In sending statements to many, answers come from repre- 
sentatives that the subscriber has been dead one, two, or 
maybe three years, with no expression of regret that notice 
had not been sent before, and in most instances the writer 
does not sign any name. Many write that they had ordered 
it stopped and refuse to pay what is justly due. Postmasters 
often ignore the golden rule in failing to give notice of deaths. 
Some time ago sample copies were sent to postmasters in 
county towns of the South with return stamped envelope for 
reply, many of whom returned the envelope without sending 
a line in reply. 

This will be read by men in arrears who have heretofore 
made no preparation for payment when they die, without even 
requesting any one to send notice, and such omission is a 
large expense to the management in the aggregate, and crip- 
ples in proportion the usefulness of the Veteran. It is sad 
that these things occur, and it is all caused by the desire to 
favor comrades who may not have the money at the time and 
to show confidence in them. One of the saddest features is 
that some comrades do not enlist the interest of their families, 
but the "old soldiers." It would be a service to the Veteran 
if each would request somebody to attend to this while in 
health, for every one knows the night will come. 

This earlier press date requires the postponement of lists to 
the two monument undertakings in which many are much in- 
terested. 

The Arlington monument fund aggregates in report received 
at time of going to press $19,870.87, net. 

The Jefferson Davis Home Association purchase of the 
property at the place of his birth is all cleared now except 



the sum of $1,550, balance due on the loan from Gen. Bennett 
H. Young. The sum that he advanced was $5,050. The spirit 
of clearing this obligation is so widespread that the manage- 
ment expects it to be canceled in the next few months. 

The Shiloh monument fund is reported in full to December 
by the Treasurer General, Mrs. Roy W. McKinney, of Pa- 
ducah, Ky. An error is reported, too late for correction, which 
credits $16 from the Chapter at Alexandria, La., to Mrs. 
Blackman, whereas Mrs. Blackmail simply sent the remit- 
tance for Mrs. Robert Lee Randolph. 



As the Darky Said: "Boss, Dey Is All Good." 
Sad differences of opinion have occurred in some sections 
wherein agitation and discord among comrades indicate mad- 
ness. Reconstruction events were exasperating, but the unity 
of sentiment maintained because of them was a blessing, al- 
though not discernible then as now. Let us accept that all 
sane Southerners are impelled by the same high motives now 
that they were during the war and through its attending hard- 
ships, and that each has a reason satisfactory to himself for 
his conduct, just as unerring as when he faced death on the 
battlefield and as faithfully as he believed in his comrades im- 
mediately following that period. Where there is dissension 
and conditions are aggravating let us not forget that we can- 
not see things alike, and that if cur former friends have "gone 
to the bad" they are "unbalanced" and deserve our commisera- 
tion. Surely each is all right in his views. Unity of spirit 
should be maintained ; and whatever may be our opinion con- 
cerning the conduct of comrades who differ with us in views 
on important issues, we should wait for the hurricane to pass, 
knowing that our associates must have views consistent with 
their ideas of right. Forbearance is a true virtue. 



SPIRIT IN ARKANSAS FOR THE REUNION. 

Gen. James F. Smith, Commanding the Arkansas Division, 
writes December 8: "The committee having in hand the ar- 
rangement for our annual Reunion are making splendid prog- 
ress. We hope to have everything in good condition when the 
Reunion time comes." 

Edgar C Taylor, Assistant Manager of the Marion Hotel, 
writes: "I am glad to inform you that everything is progress- 
ing nicely, and we hope to be able to entertain the Veterans 
equally as well as, if not better than, they have ever been enter- 
tained. Col. V. Y. Cook was with us a few days ago. He is 
a hard worker for the purpose of entertaining, and is zealous 
in making it a State-wide proposition. However, we feel too 
proud to call upon the State while the entertainment is going 
to be confined to the City of Roses." 

Dr. D. R. B. Greenlee, of Mayflower, Ark., writes : "As a 
Confederate veteran and a citizen of Arkansas, I say that all 
the men, the women, and the children are working for the suc- 
cess of the Reunion at Little Rock next May, and we expect 
all old veterans to come and bring their families. I see thai 
the Committee on Program plans to have the veterans in a 
grand parade. I seriously demur to that part of the program, 
for the reason that from April, 1861, to May, 1865, they were 
on a grand parade with all the civilized world as spectators. 
and I think we have marched enough. * * * After forty- 
five years the elasticity has left our step. I would suggest 
that there be erected a grand stand on which to seat the vet- 
erans and their dear old wives, while all the Sons of Veterans 
and other bodies that want to see the U. C. V. pass the grand 
stand. Let them do the marching and not the old and feeble 
veterans." 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterai?. 



THE BATTLE OF OAK HILLS OR WILSON'S CREEK. 

BY DR. J. N. BOYD, AUSTIN, TEX. 

The VETERAN for October contains an article by Capt. A. 
B. Barnes on pages 472-3 "i which is the following state 
ment : "Colonel Coleman is the man who really won the bat- 
tle of Wilson's Creel) on August to, 1861. As adjutant of 
McBride's Brigade be in persi n made the disposition "f tin' 
troops that composed the brigade and in person gave the com- 
mand to fire when the enemy was within thirty yards of bis 
line. It resulted in the almost total annihilation of the Dutch 
regiments with which General Lyon was charging when he 
w.i killed." 

This statement is SO at variance with the reports made by 
Generals McCulloch an 1 Price and other commanders who 
participated in the battle and with my recollection of the 
thrilling incidents id' that fateful day that 1 am impelled to 
call it in question. It is evidently made in good faith, and in 
wdiat I shall say I want to be understood a- treating it with 
due respect. Tt is news to me, however, 

I have before me the reports made by Generals McCulloch 
and Price t n the second day after the battle. They both 
in praise of General McBride, but do nut mention Colonel 
Coleman. In the history of thi campaign which culminated 
in that battle Sigcl is shown to be in command of the Dutch 
ids. I know In- commanded them by what transpired 

during and after (be battle, Sigel's command turned our 
righl flank and attacked us in our camp, flank and rear, early 
in the morning. Churchill's Regiment, the 1st Arkansas 
Mounted Riflemen, to which I belonged, literallj van out 
front under the lire of S1l;iT- artillery ami. tying their horses 
in tlie wi od by the side of the Springfield road, fell into line 
neai Sharp's hi use on fo.it. I bad come in late from a scout 
the night before, and was sound asleep when our camp was 
ill. It was a complete surprise to me at least, and 1 
made the besl time I could until I came up with the company 
at Sharp's Ik use. 

Colonel Churchill remained at bis quarters in camp, giving 
orders to the nan until all bad left. Sigel's line was entering 

our camp before be left. Mis orderly bad failed to saddle bis 

. and be rode out barebacked, making quite a narrow 

ipture. Major Harper took command and 

formed the line in tin i ad a the nun came up. About the 

time that Colonel Churchill came up a courier from General 
Price asking for reinforcements rode up, and General Mc- 
Culloch, who bad arrived in the meantime, ordered us t, 
Price's relief. We marched along the Springfield road, down 
a hill (where Sigel's guns una afterwards captured and his 

put to rout), crossed a Small stream, and, coming out 

into the open near a log house (afterwards used as a hospital), 
we wire fronted into line, ordered to fix baj mel . and n ervi 

our lire. We were then Ordered forward at double-quick. In 

front of us on .1 lid] was Tottcn's Battery, whi to fire 

on us. Woodruffs Battery on a bill behind us was tiring 
over us at Totten's Batter] and its infantr) support. 

rotten Batti center and kej to the enemj 's bur, 

and was supported by United States regulars commanded bj 

al Lyon in person. This was a strong position, and ii 

was up tin- bid and against these regulars tli.it we were suit. 

It was my understanding then, and has always been, thai if' 

enemy was forcil 111.11 back nil that we were bullied 

up there to their support. If there wen 

n us and thi . m my, I do nol 1 < mem them. 

It seemed to me that we got up rather close to Totten's Bat- 
tery, when a perfect storm of shot from tin- regulars nut us, 

i* 



and for a moment it looked like the whole regiment was cither 
killed or wounded. We were stunned and staggered, and fell 
back. We went up a second time, with the same result, only 
this time we were firing at will. 

In this second advance I was wounded, and do not per- 
sonally know what took place on that part of the field during 
the remainder of the day. Before I was hurt, however, I 
saw a Federal officer on a gray horse not far to the right 
of Totten's Battery. Several of our boys who had Mississippi 
rillcs, captured from the enemy at Neosho, took shots at him. 
The dead bodies of General Lyon and bis horse were found 
not far from the position held by Totten's Battery. Facing 
us and off to the right of the battery, they were a little neari 1 
our line (ban the battery. The infantry Supporting the battery 
advanced when we fell back, but the battery was not moved 
until after General Lyon fell and net long before the enemy 
was finally driven from the field. Totten took all his guns 
away with him, but we got all oi Sigel's. 

In bis report of the battle, August i_>, General McCulloch 
uses this language: "Having cleared our right and rear, it 
was necessary to turn all our attention to the center under 
General Lyon, who was pressing upon the Missourians and 
driving them back. To ibis point Mcintosh's Regiment, under 
Lieutenant Colonel Embry, and Churchill's Regiment, on n ot, 
.nid Gratiot's Regiment and McRea's Battalion weir dispatched 
to their aid. Carroll's and Greer's regiments, gallantly led 
by Captain Bradfute, charged the batten ; but the whole 
strength of the enemy was immediately in its rear, and a 
deadly fire was opened on them At tins critical period, when 
tin 1. rtunes of the daj seemed to be at the turning point, two 
regiments of Pearce's Brigade were ordered to march from 
their position t as reserves) to support 'be center. Tin- order 
was obeyed with alacrity, and General 1'. aire gallantly n 
with his brigade to the rescue. Reed's Battery was ordered 
forward, and the I .om-i. mm regiment was again call..l into 
.action on the left of it. The battle then became general, and 
bly no two opposing forces ever fought with r 
ration. [nch by nub the enemy gave way and were 
driven from their position. Totten's Battery fell back; Mis 
oif . 1. in-. Arkansans, and Texans rushed forward. Nothing 
could withstand our final charge, and the enemy bed and 
could not be rallied again. The) were last seen retreating 
among the bills in the distance. The battle lasted *is hours.' 1 

General McCulloch was nominally in chief command that 
day, and he was seen on every part ol the field. He led the 
troops that crushed Sigel and sent him a fugitive from the 
field. He first sent Churchill's Regimen! to aid Price's waver 
11 - \ttir wiping Sigel off of the field, be took his 
other regiments and Pearce's Brigade of Vrk in 
ami led them against I \"ii I went over the battlefield in 

November following tin- battle, and followed the route pursued 

b; I hurchill's Regiment in its attack in totten's Battery and 

tbe Federal center. The spot where (..mid Lyon fell was 

vbovvn me bv parties who saw Ins dial body lying tin 

1 1., 1 .loo, it.. , ii, in- aw a] tl" on ins of bis horse were 

if away. 1 think there can be no question that 

eral I. von fell in front of tbe Arkansas troops, led bj General 
Met ulloch, and that be was trying to rail liis troops when 
be fell. No man on that j I n Id displayi r cool- 

on! bravery than Gen. Stei I deserve 

unstinted praise, but they did no! do it all Churchill's 
ment l"*t nearly three times as many men killed ,h McB 
entire brigade, t oloni 1 Churchill had two horses killed under 
him on the fi< id 



IO 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai} 



Among the many brave men whose deeds on that day are 
above praise none deserves to shine with brighter luster than 
that of James Mcintosh, colonel and adjutant general to Gen- 
eral McCulloch. Thoroughly trained in military science, a 
typical cavalier, unacquainted with fear, magnetic to a degree 
rarely if ever surpassed, he was a model soldier, a born leader, 
and men followed where he led without question or hesita- 
tion. He was to McCulloch what Jackson was to Lee ; and 
when they gave up their lives at the battle of Elk Horn Tavern, 
the army and the Confederacy suffered an irreparable loss. 

McCulloch and Mcintosh ! Two stainless names, two heroic 
souls, two men of noble mold, without fear and without re- 
proach, whose conduct in every station to which duty called 
them was governed by a devotion to principle and high sense 
of honor characteristic of the purest type of gentlemen of 
the South! 

PARTICIPANT IN BATTLE OF BETHEL. 

BY W. L. WHITE, THIRD COMPANY RICHMOND HOWITZERS. 

A Virginian's Tribute to a Massachusetts Officer. 

On June 10, 1861, the day dawned most beautifully, and all 
nature seemed to smile upon the scene at the opening of the 
first land engagement of the war of the sixties. As partici- 
pant in that engagement, remembering so well the incidents 
of the day, I have thought it of interest to the few survivors 
and those of this day to recall them, especially as it was the 
first victory recorded in the annals of Confederate history. 

On June 9 Gen. J. B. Magruder, commanding our forces, 
learned from his couriers that the Federals, under Gen. B. F. 
Butler, then at Fortress Monroe, would make an advance upon 
Bethel, where we were stationed, on Monday morning. Ac- 
cordingly the boys were actively put to work on temporary 
breastworks to be in readiness for the event. 

About 9:30 a.m. our pickets were driven in, and in a short 
time the Federal army appeared in force with about forty- 
five hundred men as against approximately fourteen hundred 
under the immediate command of General Magruder, and a 
more beautiful sight the writer never witnessed during the 
war. The sun was shining with all its force upon the ex- 
tended line of Federals with unusual luster, as the rifles and 
muskets were fresh from the arsenal of Springfield, and were 
like a field of diamonds glittering in their splendor under 
the sun's burning rays. In solid colum»s they marched from 
the fort under the command of a General Pierce in full view 
of our line with the flags of the different regiments, present- 
ing a most imposing scene. 

Our forces consisted of the 1st North Carolina and 15th 
Virginia Regiments and one or two battalions of infantry, the 
second and third companies of Richmond Howitzers, and one 
or two companies of cavalry from the county of Charles City 
and the town of Hampton, commanded by Capt. Robert 
Douthat and Lieut. John Lamb, our present Congressman 
from this district. 

The Federals steadily advanced up the road leading from 
Hampton in perfect order and in solid phalanx. General 
Pierce, instead of deploying on the right and left of the road, 
covering his advance, marched direct, as I have stated, and 
exposed unnecessarily his entire army, as the road was broad 
and perfectly straight. General Magruder, Gen. D. H. Hill, 
and Maj. George W. Randolph, commanding the Howitzers, 
stood near the first gun, a ten-pound Parrott, and witnessed 
the badly managed advance. General Magruder gave positive 
orders not to open fire until commanded by him, though the 
Federals were in full view. Attached to the first gun, the 
writer, with others, opened the battle, it continuing with great 



activity until about 1 :30 o'clock, when the Federals were driven 
back in panic to Fortress Monroe, pursued by our cavalry. 

On our left Major Winthrop, of General Butler's staff, ad- 
vanced in command of the New York Zouaves, and made one 
of the most brilliant charges I witnessed during the war. 
Fired by the warmest enthusiasm, he advanced down a slight 
decline until checked by an old worm fence upon which he 
mounted and, flashing his sword with fire kindled in his 
piercing eyes, exclaimed : "Follow me, boys ! The day is ours !*' 
Instantly he was shot in the breast and fell with his face to 
the foe. He. we learned, was a nephew or grandson of Ex- 
Governor Winthrop. of Massachusetts, of which that State 
may ever be justly proud. 

On our right a splendid battery was brought into action, 
commanded by Lieut. John T. Greble, of the regular army 
(said to have been its finest artillery officer), and he handled 
it splendidly, but was killed early in action. 

The sudden death of these two most prominent officers 
created demoralization and a hasty retreat, leaving the Con- 
federates as masters of the situation. 

At the close of the engagement a flag of truce was sent 
for the body of Major Winthrop, and a question was asked 
by the commanding officer : "What artillery was that that did 
such splendid firing?" General Magruder in his peculiar style 
replied : "Only a parcel of schoolboys with primers in their 
pockets." And it was literally true, for but few had reached 
the age of twenty-one. 

During the engagement the Federal sharpshooters occupied 
a small building in front of our battery, greatly annoying our 
cannoneers. When General Magruder called for volunteers 
to fire the building, several responded, and among them a 
young man named Wyatt, who was killed in the advance, and 
to this day (though he was born in Richmond) North Caro- 
lina claims that he was the first soldier killed in the first land 
engagement of the war because, forsooth, he happened to con- 
nect himself with the 1st North Carolina Regiment at the be- 
ginning of the war and was classed as a North Carolinian, 
although, as stated, he was a Virginian by birth. 

[The foregoing proof was addressed to Mr. White, and Harry 
Tucker responds from Richmond : "Your letter to Captain 
White came a few minutes after news reached here of his 
sudden death in New York. The blow was a very sad one to 
the entire community, by whom he was held in highest esteem. 
The publication of the article as a posthumous contribution 
seems appropriate." 

Mr. White was born in Norfolk in 1837. He moved to 
Richmond just before the war, and served gallantly in the 
Richmond Howitzers. He is survived by his wife, a daughter, 
Mrs. Catesby Jones, and two sons, Mason and Hamilton 
White, all of Richmond. His visit to New York was to at- 
tend the fifty-third wedding anniversary of his sister, wife of 
Col. Powhatan Weisiger.] 

THE CHICKAMAUGA CLUB. 
In 1906 Colonel Bowser invited a number of men who had 
taken part in the battle of Chickamauga, both Federals and 
Confederates, to dine with him to celebrate the famous date 
of that engagement, the 20th of September. The following 
year the same party met with another member, and it was 
suggested that a Chickamauga Club should be formed. This 
was done, and the prosperous club has now been in existence 
two years, and every meeting is eagerly looked forward to, 
for the speeches from blue and gray alike are brilliant ex- 
positions of the friendship between the one-time enemies, and 
the stories of that eventful day never grow old. 



Qoofederat^ l/eterai}. 



ii 



MY FIRST PROMOTION. 

BY A KENTUCK1AN. 

"Halt! Who comes there?" 

'"Friends with the countersign." 

"Advance one with the countersign." 

"Apple hrandy and calico." 

"Pass, friends, with the countersign." 

"Say, boys, be sure to come back over this beat." 

The Orphan Brigade had reeled up the bloody banks of 
Stone River out of the murderous charge of Breckinridge's 
Division at Murfreesboro, and were camped on the "Mule 
Shoe" bend of the Duck just opposite the village of Man- 
chester. At this point the Duck River runs like a thorough- 
bred, has a ten- or fifteen-foot fall every two hundred yards, 
and at that season was absolutely unfordable. 

So the orphans were cut off from all the world except for 
the bridge over to Manchester which was kept closely guarded. 
The company to which I belonged had in its ranks twenty - 
eight graduates of colleges, and so we had privates who knew 
something about engineering themselves. One of B. B. Sayres's 
boys calculated that a certain tree cut to fall a certain way- 
would bridge the Duck, and a K. M. I. boy calculated that 
he could cut the tree to fall just that way. The tree was cut, 
and the night afterwards the sentinel on No. 4 sang out : 
"Halt! Who comes there?" The countersign I gave that 
sentinel would have been good on any beat in the Orphan 
Brigade except when in front of the enemy. That bridge, 
for that night at least, was the most popular one ever bui't 
across the Duck. We were soon over, and in the woods be- 
yond we were brought to a stop by a crowd that was moving 
unpurposely about, not seeming to know why they were there. 
"Hold on a minute while I scout," said the gallant John G. 
(who afterwards fell at Chickamauga), and up a tree he went 
and down he came. "What is it?" said the boys. "Three 
calicoes and five hundred orphans," said he. "Let's flank 'em, 
boys, and charge the apple brandy." And so we did, good 
apple jack at $5 a canteen, and then there was music in those 
woods. "Fall in, boys; form line of battle," said the gallant 
scout, Bob W., who afterwards fell at Peachtree Creek. 

The line was formed facing the river, with the calico bunch 
directly in front. "Attention !" rang out that clarion voice. 
"\\ hen the line reaches the river, it will rally on the bridge. 
Forward, double-quick, charge!" Well, you have heard the 
"Rebel yell." If you haven't, you have heard of it. The 
charge was made. My part of the line never saw calico. It 
was reported — but that's another story. When we gathered 
at the bridge, we found that three orphans had progressed 
halfway over and s at down astraddle of the bridge. The 
bridge was captured, ingress was blocked, daylight was com- 
ing, our camp was on the other side. The three on the bridge 
sang "The Valler Rose of Texas Beats the Belle of Tennes- 
see," "The Bonnie Blue Flag," "Cheer, Boys, Cheer," and 
then by way of diversion they sang all three at once, each one 
singing his favorite song. 

It was at this point that W. B , the greatest dare-devil in the 
brigade, arrived on the scene. He took in the situation at a 
glance. "Hurry down, boys, and fish them out if you can," 
he called out. I had just reached the bank when the first man 
struck the water. Did he get the other two? Not on your life. 
They were over that bridge on the camp side long before we 
had fished out No. 1. Then a solid column struck that bridge, 
but it was too late. "Old Payne's" bugle was sounding the 
reveille, and some hundreds of the best soldiers who ever 
fired an Enfield rifle were marked down for extra duty. 

At ten o'clock that day I was standing guard on the bridge 



leading over to Manchester, when the gallant colonel of my 
regiment came galloping down the road. Standing erect, heels 
together, I brought my Enfield to a "present" with a motion 
that made the wood ring. The courtly salute of that grand 
officer we all loved was given, but just then he recognized the 
sentinel. In three jumps he had stopped his horse and was 
riding back. "What are you doing here?" he asked. "Standing 
guard, my first extra duty in this war," I replied. Then the 
colonel's face relaxed, and in a moment from commanding of- 
ficer he changed to my old chum. "Tell me all about it, 
'honest Injun,'" he said. 

I knew the colonel liked a good thing, so, coming to parade 
rest, the story was told. The colonel laughed some on the 
horse, and then he got down and laughed on the ground. Then 
he mounted and at once assumed the face I had seen on the 
field at Shiloh and Murfreesboro. "Extra duty," he said; 
"serves you right. Call the corporal of the guard, sir." 
"Corporal of the guard, Post No. 8," I sang out, and he sat 
there with a face on him that meant guardhouse till the cor- 
poral came. Then came his order: "Private is excused 

from guard duty. He has been promoted." Then he hesi- 
tated a moment and added, "For distinguished services known 
to the colonel of his regiment;" and before I could doff my 
cap or utter a word of thanks that horse was across the 
bridge on the way to Manchester. 



WAR-TIME EXPERIENCES IN THE WEST. 

BY F. COLEMAN SMITH, COLUNs's BATTERY, SHELBY'S BRIGADE. 

In 1861 the Southern force in Missouri was known as "Gen- 
eral Price's army." It was the Missouri State Guaid, or- 
ganized by legislative enactment, and consisted of one brigade 
from each congressional district. General Rains commanded 
nearly half of the army because he had the district in South- 
west Missouri wdiich had already been at war with the Kansas 
free-soilers for several years, and where the men were safer 
in the army than at home. Jim Lane, of Kansas, was con- 
sidered as deadly a personal as well as a public enemy. The 
Missouri State Guard was a well-organized mob which did 
effective work as an army ; but the men could come and go 
as they pleased, and there was no semblance of discipline. 
Many Missourians known as bushwhackers wandered at will, 
doing as they pleased, and joining the army whenever they 
thought it expedient to do so for safety from the enemy. 

In September, 1861, when Colonel Mulligan surrendered 
to General Price, I lived on a farm about six miles south of 
Lexington and w„s a private in Bledsoe's Battery. About 
thirty days after General Mulligan's surrender General Price 
moved his army to McDonald County, in the southwest cor- 
ner of the State. I started with the battery, but became ill, 
and was left near Greenfield at the home of Colonel Coffee, 
who commanded a regiment in General Rains's brigade. My 
brother, Dr. Robert B. Smith, was the surgeon of Colonel 
Coffee's regiment, and through him I was left in comfortable 
quarters. My brother also left his servant, a negro boy about 
my age, as a nurse for me. Without his excellent service I 
certainly should have died. He did all that could be done for 
me, and I believe would have risked his life to save me from 
the enemy. 

This was the 1st of November, 1861. General Fremont was 
moving on General Price from Sedalia with an army esti- 
mated at forty thousand men and a large amount of field ar- 
tillery and crossing the Osage at Warsaw, while Gen. Jim 
Lane was also moving southward and, we understood, was 
crossing the Osage at or near Papinvillc. When I had been 
at Colonel Coffee's house about ten days, mv brother returned 



12 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



from the army with an ambulance to take me on South ; but 
after seeing my serious condition he took me home. We ex- 
pected to go between the armies of Fremont and Lane and 
cross the Osage at Osceola. When we were about twenty-five 
miles south of Osceola, we met two or three men on the 
prairie in citizens' clothes armed with shotguns. We believed 
they were Southern men. We told them promptly who we 
were and that we were aiming to go between Fremont and 
Lane. They said that Lane was then crossing at Osceola and 
would be along in a short time, and that they were watching 
their advance so as to give notice to the people and armies 
of the South. 

We, deeming it certain death to fall into the hands of Jim 
Lane, concluded to risk the leniency of General Fremont, 
hoping that he would at least spare our lives and perhaps 
not send us to prison. So we turned due east without road 
or guide and traveled as fast as we could. We took dinner 
at the only house we saw after turning east. Our host, a 
farmer, said he understood that Fremont was then on the 
road from Warsaw to Bolivar, only a mile or so east of his 
house. We traveled due east and came into the Warsaw and 
Bolivar road in the timber. There was no one in sight, and 
we could see that several thousand men had already passed 
south on the road. We concluded to try the trick of passing 
as Fremont's men going back. 

We determined if halted or arrested we would ask to be 
taken directly to General Fremont. But fortune favored us 
in a peculiar way. The doctor and the negro boy sat on the 
front seat of the ambulance, while I, very weak, sat on the 
floor. Tile first soldiers that we met were simply stragglers. 
They gave us the road, and we bowed and passed on. We 
met afterwards during the afternoon several regiments of 
infantry and batteries of artillery. In each case we gave them 
the road, bowed, and passed on without being molested in any 
way. The country was sparsely settled. We had no trouble 
in passing the soldiers who were going in the opposite direc- 
tion until late in the day, when we came to a narrow, short 
lane in which a train of wagons had stopped, and the train 
extended out in the prairie nearly a quarter of a mile. We 
were on the west side of the train, and could not go through 
the lane without getting to the east sid'. My brother left 
the negro boy on the seat of our ambulance and went to get 
one of the drivers to move a team. Soon the wagon master 
of the train rode up and asked the negro boy in a loud voice : 
"Whose ambulance is this ?" The boy answered : "Dr. Smith's." 
"Is he going back?" asked the wagon master. "I reckon so," 
said the darky. "Was he ordered back?" "I don't know." 
The next question was: "Who is in there?" The answer was: 
"It is Dr. Smith's brother; he is sick." "Where is Dr. Smith?" 
The negro pointed over the road and said : "He is over there 
talking to the drivers." The wagon master then galloped off 
as if to interview Dr. Smith, but just then one of the drivers 
came with the Doctor and let us through the train. 

To avoid an interview with the wagon master, we started 
on at once. Soon we reduced our speed, but continued to 
meet stragglers and commands until nearly sundown; but no 
one asked us a question. Then, seeing a comfortable house 
on the roadside, we asked permission to stay all night, which 
was readily granted. We were scarcely settled in the house 
when a train of several wagons was driven into the stable lot, 
and the men went into camp. A nicely dressed man in citi- 
zen's clothes called at the door and asked permission to stay 
in the house. The proprietor told him that he had given us 
the only room he had ; but my brother, having noticed that 
there were two beds in the room, said: "Com; right in; there 



are two beds here and plenty of room for all three of us." 
The man was a sutler following the army with goods to sell, 
and I think his name was Tatur. The next morning he asked 
if he could go with us to Sedalia, and we told him we would 
be glad of his company ; and although Sedalia was not directly 
in our course, we would go by there for his accommodation. 
Soon after we started we told him that we were members •>! 
General Price's army ; and he remarked that he had sus- 
pected that for some time, and he preferred to ride with 
Southern men through Missouri at that time on account of 
bushwhackers. He used his papers to pass us across the river 
and out of the lines of Fremont's army at Warsaw. 

On our way to Sedalia we stopped at a neat-looking farm- 
house for dinner. While at the table my brother learned that 
he and the lady of the house had lived in the same county in 
Kentucky, and that he was acquainted with many of her friends 
and relatives, all of whom were Southern sympathizers. He 
asked her if she was "Union or Secesh," a common question 
in those days, and she answered that she was Union. He told 
her that Mr. Tatur, the sutler, belonged to Fremont's army, 
but that he and I belonged to Price's army. The woman was 
angry and frightened, and told my brother that she did not 
believe him, and that he was only setting a trap to catch her 
and that she knew all of us were from Fremont's army be- 
cause we came right from Warsaw, where his army was. We 
were satisfied that she was a Southern sympathizer and sus- 
pected us as spies. If that lady is living, I would be glad for 
her to know that we told her the truth. 

We left her home about four o'clock in the afternoon and 
traveled all night, reaching before daylight the next morning 
Sedalia, where the sutler's papers again passed us through the 
Union guards. We went to a hotel and breakfasted together, 
ami Mr. Tatur went to St. Louis on the train and we drove 
to our home, near Lexington, that day, making the distance 
from near Hermitage, in Hickory County, to Lexington in 
two days. My brother returned to the army in McDonald 
County, avoiding the Federal armies, and reported for duty 
with his ambulance and negro boy within the next week. I 
remained at home about eight months, and then joined Col- 
lin's Battery," in Shelby's Brigade, and served with him during 
the remaining three years of the war, winding up in August, 
1865, in Mexico, on the Pacific Coast, at the city of Ma atlan. 



SEMMES'S BRIGADE AT CHANCELLORSVILLE. 

BY JOHN L. G. WOODS, MONTICEIXO, GA. 

In the March (T910) Veteran Hon. George Clark, of Waco. 
Tex., wrote of the battles of Chancellorsville and Salem 
Church. It was quite interesting to me. as I was in those 
battles as a member of Company B, 53d Georgia Regiment, 
Semmes's Brigade. Yes, the other brigade that formed on the 
extreme left was Semmes's Georgia Brigade in the battle of 
Salem Church. It had just arrived in the nick of time to meet 
Sedgwick's victorious legions, repulse their onslaught, and 
turn the tide of battle into a complete victory for the Con- 
federates. 

On the morning of May — Semmes's Brigade broke camp 
and moved against the enemy concentrated at Chancellors- 
ville under Hooker. We marched some distance up the plank 
road, then leaving the road we marched sometimes by file 
and then in line of battle through the woods and underbrush 
until considerably up in the clay, when we must have been 
near the plank road. We halted in line of battle when Jack- 
son's line of pickets, passing across and up our lines, must 
have encountered the enemy's pickets in our front, as a 
shower of bullets from them fell in our ranks. At that time 



Qoi)federat^ l/etcra^ 



13 



it seemed that Jackson was moving his troops in our rear 
under cover, seeking to strike and turn Hooker's right and 
gain his rear. Our line in front, it seems, was to draw 
Hooker's attention until Jackson could make Ins successful 
master movement on Hooker's right and rear. 

After Jackson's pickets had passed our lines, we moved for- 
ward in the woods and undergrowth nearer the plank road, 
still in line of battle. Later on we could hear the terrible 
roar of battle being fought between Jackson and Hooker, 
The enemy's batteries in front of us were shelling us furiously 
on our right and causing us some loss. The next morning 
we moved forward with fixed bayonets to within about one 
hundred and fifty yards of the plank road and halted in a 
marshy flat with no protection. Immediately in front of us and 
behind the embankmet.ts of the road lay a line of the enemy's 
sharpshooters, about three hundred strong, in splendid rifle 
distance. Wi were kept in that uncomfortable position for 
about half an hour without being allowed to fire a shot until 
they had killed one and wounded over thirty of our regiment, 
Mm- sacrifice was unnecessary, as those sharpshooters were 
at that time cut off and completely surrounded, and were cap- 
tun. 1 in a few minutes. Our officers on our extreme left 

claimed that they were ignorant of our exposure, and that as 
soon as they were informed .if it tin \ moved us under cover 
of the woods to our left. 

Soon after those sharpshooters were captured we l n . ■ x . . 1 
on I.. Chancellorsvillc, passing over the held where Jack- 
son's men had fought and won such a spkndid victory the 
day I., fore I laving passed Chancellorsvillc, we rested a short 
time on the side of tin plank road. I .. n V R, Wright with 
his staff passing down the road was at first taken for Jacks. in. 
The boys, not knowing that be had been mortally wounded, 

d 1 and raised the Rebel yell General Wright, facing 

about, gave the boys a graceful salute. 'I he boys, learning 
who he was. and feeling hm yam and go.nl, gave another 
hearty < he< r and K. bel yell. 

Soon we moved on inward Fredericksburg with a quick step 
and with a light heart, full of joj over the victory just won 
ami thinking we were on our way to our old camp to rest up. 
l.ittl. did we imagine that in a few minutes we would be in 

a death grapple with Sedgwick's forces We heard the 1 n 

of a cannon, and a shell came whizzing over our heads; then 
i!i' i tttle of the musketry as we cane to Sal. in Church. To 

the right of the church i saw General Me Laws directing the 
planting and movements of his batteries. Our brigade formed 

rapidly Undl r a brisk lire from the solid columns of the 

enemy in hue ,,f battle. The toth I it and the 50th or 

5ISt weie ..ii 111. right in front of the church. We forn e.l be 
hind a w ..til. .1 , . dai fence, v hi e thi ' uli ts wet imins 



and fast. In front of us was a company being hard pi 
by Sedgwick's forces. Tins company retreated to our rear, 
rallied under a heavy lire. and. led by their gallant captain. 
did some effective work. I would lile to knew who lie was. 
We fought for about one hour and a half. I was on the detail 
to gather up the guns, ammunition, etc. We captured two 
stands of colors and three hundred and seventy-five guns in 
front of our regiment; so we must have killed and wounded 
about that many of the enemy. 'Ibis was about the number 
of men in our regiment, and I suppose there were in our Front 
two full regiments. We defeated about five to one, as our fire 
■ ffective and deadly. We used muskets, and our car- 
tridges contained a ball and three buckshot. 

I lie two regiments of our brigade en our right charged 
and completely routed the Yanks ; but our regiment and the 
other one on our extreme left, failing to receive an ordi 
the courier bearing tin order was wounded before reaching 
us), did not charge. Had the entire brigade charged, the vic- 
tory would have been more complete and Sedgwick's army 
would have be. 11 completely routed. The left of our regiment 
must have suffered severely, as it had no protection; but our 
right was partially protected by a hank and the wattled 
fence. Of our killed was Dr. James Lummus, of our com- 
pany. '1 he ball that killed him came near mc. 

Probably the turning point in the battle was when Sergeant 
David Thompson (as gallant a soldier as ever lived), one of 
the color guards from our company, seeing that our fire was 
not as effective as it might be, ran from the center of the 
regiment to the extreme right, saying: "Boys, turn your guns 
on those Yankees on the left. Don't you see to the left how 
blue it is : " We conformed in the nick of time, pouring into 
them volley after volley, and literally covered the ground with 
them. This lire from a concealed foe caused a stampede. 
They tied at once, and none too soon, for our extreme left 
stood firm at their post and never wavered. Some of them 
started to charge without orders, one of whom, I well re- 
member, was Robert Clark, of our company. 



In Lehigh Cemetery, Gouldsboro, Pa., there is the grave oi 

a Confederate soldier who was known in that vicinity as Rev. 

Lewis. Me was in and around I laleville, Lackawanna County, 
Pa., for some years, lie died in the early seventies, an 1 was 
buried at Gouldsboro below the cemetery association was 

formed, so no record was kept » • f his death. The grave of 
every Union soldier in that cemetery is suitably marked; and 
if the necessary information can he secured, a stone will be 
placed at his grave. Those who knew anything of him will 
advise Mi- C \ Kerling, Gouldsboro, Pa 





~N f > 




i 


Jjj^^mf 1 ?*** 


P"**\jV a 




lFV ^^L . MBVf v ' " Ej^"*^ 






B ATI LI nws IN I 111. SIXTIES 



i.vruiKiNi. or cox run nun ix SEATTLE. 



H 



Qo^federat^ l/eterar). 



DISPATCH NO. 2 FROM GRANT TO LEE. 

BY CAPT. MARCELLUS FRENCH, 35TH VIRGINIA CAVALRY BATTALION. 

On the afternoon of April 7, 1865, Lieut. Col. E. V. White, 
in command of Dearing's Brigade of Confederate Cavalry, 
had defeated Gregg's Division of Federal Cavalry and captured 
General Gregg. The field on the plank road from which the 
Federals had been stampeded was held by us, though fearfully 
shelled, until darkness set in. We then bivouacked in the 
adjoining woods. We had supposed that Gregg's men, 4,000 
in number, would have come back to reclaim their general 
from four hundred half-starved, worn-down Confederates, but 
they preferred to look after their supper. 

There was reason for us to bother ourselves about supper. 
We spread our gum cloths and blankets to obtain that which 
came not from commissary or quartermaster— restful sleep. 
We did not do our enterprising enemies the honor or respect 
to put out guards or pickets. They were all around us, but we 
had traveled so far on the ways that lead to desperation thai 
in the mere matter of a fight it was left to them to choose 
the time, place, and conditions. 

Before the break of day on the morning of the 8th Colonel 
White moved forward with the brigade, leaving me in com 
mand of the rear guard with the second squadron of White's 
Battalion. He came to me where I lay on my blanket and 
gave me his orders in person. I was to remain at that place 
until daylight if undisturbed and to follow after the brigade 
in the morning. Captain Myers with the first squadron of 
the battalion would be next in my front and in the rear of 
the brigade, while my command was to act as the extreme 
rear guard and keep watch over the enemy's movements. I 
remained in peaceable possession of the ground until the time 
specified, and then moved out on the plank road until I found 
the tracks of the brigade lead off on the Buckingham road, 
which I followed. 

I was glad to be rid of the trains. They had been on the 
move all night, and were far enough in advance for me to 
march on uninterruptedly. The brigade, however, as I after- 
wards learned, was much retarded, and had to assist in get- 
ting the wagons out of the mud holes. 

We had entered upon the seventh day of the retreat. The 
night before we had gone to rest supperless, and as yet had 
breakfasted only on the crisp air of the April morning. It 
was then too early to speculate on what our commissary might 
be likely to furnish for dinner or as to whether he had a 
wagon that belonged to the Confederacy; but we knew well 
enough that our numberless enemies would give us plenty to 
do. So we rode along gloomily, not merrily, as was the cus- 
tom of the cavalry. The jokers were hushed, the songsters 
and even whistlers were compelled to be silent, even had our 
humor been better fed. For, alas ! our backs were turned on 
Richmond, lying in its cinders and ashes in the hands of the 
jubilant Yankees. Worse than that, our backs were about to 
be turned upon Virginia and on everything else that was dear 
in this life: mothers, sisters, wives, children, homes, and sweet- 
hearts. In comparison the casualties of battle were as noth- 
ing. Surrounded on all sides by ten times our numbers, with 
only what we could pick up by chance to eat at intervals, mad- 
dened by our losses, the remnant of the once peerless Army 
of Northern Virginia slowly and sullenly moved onward to 
meet its fate at Appomattox. Stricken at every point, it struck 
back more vigorously than its enemies dared to attack. Starv- 
ing, it uncomplainingly, heroically fought its way to the end 
of its glorious career. 

The country was so continuously wooded that it was not 



convenient to get a sight at the Yankees without losing time 
and putting too much distance between my command and Cap- 
tain Myers's. About nine o'clock, however, we came to a 
wide opening. A creek flowed through its central valley, and 
the wooded crests of the two ridges running parallel to the 
creek were about three-quarters of a mile apart. This clear 
space afforded the first open view where I was sure to get a 
good sight at the Yankees. We descended a long slope toward 
the creek, passed near a house with a gate across the road, 
and about one hundred paces farther crossed the creek and 
ascended the rising ground about two hundred yards from the 
gate. Here I let the squadron move on up the road, while I 
remained behind to get a view of the Union army when it 
should come in sight. Lieut. C. A. James and Jimmy Terrell, 
of Company F, remained with me. I had not long to wait 
before the advance guard came into the field on the opposite 
ridge, and it was but a few minutes more before the morning 
sun began to glisten and shine on the long line of rifles as the 
skirmishers of the 2d Corps of Federal infantry began to 
emerge from the woods into the open field. They were ad- 
vancing in line of battle. 

In a few minutes there were thousands of them in the field, 
though of course the main column and artillery were on the 
road in the woods. The front line was about seven hundred 
yards from us. We were in plain view and very conspicuous. 
I was so fascinated with the impudence of standing in the 
gaze of so many hostile eyes and with the unusual spectacle 
that I did not realize the danger of being within the range of 
their sharpshooters. 

As it happened, General Grant had been endeavoring all the 
morning to send a dispatch to General Lee, but had succeeded 
only in getting his orderlies shot in the attempt. Some of them 
had gotten in my front, and Captain Myers's men killed one 
of a party of four without knowing they carried a flag of truce 
until it was found by the body of the dead man. The other 
three retreated to some other point. Our being there was most 
opportune for General Grant to forward the dispatch. A 
horseman dashed from the left of their line at full speed, and, 
taking a course obliquely across their front, he held up at the 
gate in the road. He carried a small white flag, and called 
out : "Flag of truce !" I replied : "Bring it over." Passing 
through the gate, he galloped up to us. He appeared much 
agitated and informed me that General Williams, of General 
Grant's staff, wished to deliver a dispatch to General Lee, and 
then remarked with apparent relief that three orderlies had 
been shot in the attempt to deliver that flag of truce. I told 
him to return and tell General Williams to stop his lines from 
advancing and bring his dispatch. 

It is needless to say that he lost no time in getting back, 
and in a few minutes the lines ceased to advance, the men 
sitting and lying on the ground and covering the fences for 
long distances. Three horsemen soon made their appearance, 
who approached us as rapidly as the other had left. When 
they reined up before us, one of them addressed himself to 
Lieutenant James, who was neatly attired in a new uniform 1 , 
and inquired who was in command of that rear guard. James 
replied, "Captain French," with a gesture toward me. Turnl- 
ing to me, he said : "I am General Williams, of General Grant's 
staff. Captain, you have shot three men intrusted with that 
flag." I replied coldly : "That is the only flag of truce that I 
have seen to-day." He then said : "General Grant wishes to 
send a dispatch to General Lee in answer to one from General 
Lee of yesterday. It is of great importance. Can you deliver 
it?" "I can deliver it to General Rosser, my division com- 
mander," I replied. "That will do," said he. Turning to a 



Qotyfederati? l/eterai). 



15 



fine-looking young officer who accompanied him, he said: 
"Colonel, take down this officer's address." The colonel, draw- 
ing a notebook from his pocket, wrote my address in full. 

General Williams then rode up to me and put into my hands 
a sealed package. Turning to the flagman, lie said: "Orderly, 
get out that flask." Then to me he said: "There is some fine 
cocktail prepared at General Grant's headquarters. It will 
give me pleasure if you will try it." The flask was quickly 
produced, having a glass attached to the top, which the orderly 
filled and handed to Lieutenant James, who was near him. 
I imi ■-. passed it to me, and without words or ceremony I 
swallowed the contents at once. James drank a glass and the 
soldier replaced the llask in his haversack without noticing 
Terrell, who, judging from his comments on Yankee man- 
ners later in the day, was anxiously waiting his turn. But 
Jimmy Terrell was a brave boy and true as steel. With me 
he was enduring the same privations and dangers in a common 
cause on less pay and no honors ; and could 1 have anticipated 
the snubbing because he was a private soldier, I would have 
declined the drink myself. 

General Williams observed to me: "You bad belter take that 
flag with you. Our columns are in advance of you on the 
other roads." His orderly passed the flag to Terrell, and 
the incident ended without salutations. 

We had quite a long gallop to overtake the command, but 
the road was clear and the squadron had overtaken Captain 
Myers, and the whole division was impeded by the wagon 
train, or what was left of it. I reported to Colonel White, 
who ordered me to deliver the dispatch to General Rosser 
in person, which I did. 

Colonel Herman H. Perry relates in an account published 
ill the Atlanta Constitution that he was ordered to meet Gen- 
eral Williams between the lines and receive the first dispatch 
on April 7, the day before I received the second. He says 
that General Williams offered him refreshment before the 
business was concluded, but he drew himself up and verj 
haughtily declined. He admits that he had a lot of corn in 
his pocket which he was impatient to parch. That good for- 
tune ought to have given him a more independent spirit than 
I had. He had been ordered on that special duty, and had no 
business to be sampling brandy with General Williams, and 
it was the correct thing for Colonel Perry to refuse the liquor 
if able to conquer his desire to accept it. 

But in my case it was different. It was proper in General 
Williams to have offered me refreshment after General Grant 
had detained me on bis business until long after breakfast 
hours and until 1 was so far in the rear of our army, Hanked 
by his columns on both sides, that he had to furnish me with 
a white llag for safety. Instead of a cocktail solo for two, 
he should have sent that and breakfast for three. I had re- 
ceived no orders to accommodate General Grant by allowing 
him to put me in the life-saving business for the benefit of his 
headquarters, and my action might not have been indorsed by 
my superiors had I or my command gotten into trouble. 



in, and the lady presented herself in front of the poor ser- 
geant, who. falling on the steps in reaching for the prize, 
grasped the lady's dress. Realizing that he had missed the 
hen and caught the lady, with a woe-begone expression on his 
face he exclaimed: "O, madam, I didn't know you lived here!" 



How a Veteran Was Embarrassed While Stealing 
Oik ki\- In November, 1863, while in camp at Dalton, Ga., 
a certain Company E was camped near a farmhouse. One day 
two lone hens, the remnants of a barnyard, came over looking 
for soldiers' crumbs. One of the boys threw a chunk of wood, 
killing one of the visitors, and Sergeant Martin started in pur- 
suit ol ili Other, The tiering hen took the lead, llvin 
cackling at her best, with the sergeant a close second. The 
lady of the house, bearing the tumult, opened a door to 
tain tli ind, presto I just in time. The poor hen passed 



"First Passenger Train." — The Fayetteville (Tcnn.) Ob- 
server gives the following sketch : "The first passenger train 
to reach Fayetteville arrived in the town on August 19, 1859, 
fifty-one years ago. At that time locomotives were designated 
by names instead of numbers, and the engine pulling the train 
was the Belle Kelso, called in honor of a popular belle of that 
day and now Mrs. Belle Kelso Allison, of Memphis. The 
railroad from Decherd was originally intended to be built to 
some point in Alabama and chartered as the Winchester and 
Alabama Railroad. It was built to Elora; and no other town 
applying for it. Fayetteville raised the required amount, and 
it was built to this place. At that time the State offered aid 
to any "line of road not less than forty miles in length. It was 
claimed that this road was the required mileage, and the State 
contribution was secured. The sidings were probably meas- 
ured, but for years the passenger rate from Fayetteville to 
Decherd was computed on a forty-mile trip. An accurate sur- 
vey shows the distance to be 38.9 miles." 

It was the rule in those days to name engines for persons. 
A delightful memory is revived now in the christening of an 
engine on the Mobile and Ohio for Miss Phie Chester, of Jack- 
son, Tenn. The engine was gorgeously decorated and a party 
in an elegant car was taken by it from Jackson to Humboldt, 
Tenn., at the frightful speed of "a mile a minute." 

MONUMENT AT BASTROP, TEX. 

Two years ago the T. C. Cain Chapter, U. D. C, of Bas- 
trop, Tex., desiring to perpetuate in loving memory the serv- 
ices of the Confederate soldiers who enlisted from Bastrop 
County, began to raise funds for a suitable monument to be 
placed on the Courthouse Square in Bastrop. 

On June 3, 1910, the foundation stone was laid. On October 
14 the beautiful granite shaft was unveiled in the presence of 
•.everal hundred people, among whom were many Confederate 
veterans. The program rendered consisted of an invocation 
by Rev. James Renick, singing "America" by the public sch-.ol 
children, a welcome address by Mrs. E. H. Jenkins, unveiling 
monument by the members of the Chapter and flower girls, 
and then singing the "Bonnie Blue Flag." The presentation 
of monument was by Mrs. I'.. I). Orgain. The address of ac- 
ceptance for the county was by Judge J. B. Price, for the 
town by Hon. W 1 M:iynard, for the Confederate veterans 
by former Gov. Joseph 1). Savers. Then came "Dixie." by the 
boys' orchestra, concluding with "Sweet By and By" with 
the full chorus, and benediction by Rev. Joe F. V\ 

For this occasion the stars and stripes and stars and bars 
-1 side by side, and Confederate colors of red and white 
formed fitting decorations. 

The ceremony of unveiling was specially pleasing. Eight 
elderly ladies, each accompanied by a wee maiden carrying 
red and white flowers, took positions near the monument ; and 
as they stood, representatives 01 the past and the future, Mrs. 
Robert Gill drew the veil, revealing the beautiful memorial, at 
the foot <ii which little girls placed offerings of flowi 

In beautiful and impressive language Mrs. B. D. Orgain, 
President of the Chapter, presented tin' monum lie citi- 

zens of the town and county of Bastrop as a tribute of grati- 
tude of Southern women to tin- devotion and chivalry of 
Southern turn. Mrs. Orgain said that the morjl 



i6 



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erected from a desire to express to future generations the 
Chapter's love and appreciation of the sacrifice and loyalty 
of the Confederate soldiers of Bastrop County, to honor their 
memory, and to preserve the fame of their achievements on 
the field of battle. 

Standing on ground made sacred, as it were, by the as- 
sociations of his boyhood, Ex-Gov. Joseph D. Sayers addressed 
his comrades of '61. He extolled the honesty and integrity of 
men of the Old South and spoke feelingly of the sacrifices 
and hardships endured by the Confederate soldier. In behalf 
of the veterans of J. D. Sayers Camp he read a resolution 
expressing the gratitude and appreciation of the veterans to 
T. C. Cain Chapter, U. D. C, for the monument. 

The monument is of Texas granite in gray, measuring seven 
feet at base, twenty-seven feet in height, and costing $1,800. 
The pedestal bears en the face the first and last flags of the 
Confederacy with the inscription: 

"C. S. A. 
In Memory of the 
Confederate Soldiers 
of Bastrop County, Tex. 
1861-1865." 
On the reverse side is the Texas seal; on the east side two 
sheathed sabers are crossed over the words, "Lest we forget ;" 
on the west is the battle flag with the lines : 
"Tell it as you may, 
It never can be told; 
Sing it as you will. 
It never can be sung — 
The story of the glory 
Of the men who wore the gray." 
The foundation stone has the inscription : "Erected by the 
United Daughters of the Confederacy of Bastrop, Chapter 
No. 1020, June 3, 1910." 

On the evening following the unveiling a reception was ten- 
dered by the Chapter to the veterans and their friends at 
the elegant home of Capt. and Mrs. B. D. Orgain. Many as- 
sembled hither and were entertained with the gracious hospi- 
tality so characteristic of the Old South. 



THE CONFEDERATE MONUMENT AT BENTON, LA. 

On August 30. 1910, in Bossier Parish, La., a monument 
was dedicated to the memory of the gallant boys of that 
parish at Benton. This monument was a tribute from the 
R. J. Hancock Chapter, U. D. C, who took up the work begun 
by the Loudon Butler Camp, U. C. V., and in cooperation with 
other friends carried it to a successful end, although it re- 
quired several years of earnest effort. The veil was drawn by 
Miss Mattie Belle Scanland, youngest member of the Chapter, 
and the monument was then presented by Mrs. W. H. Scan- 
laiid, President of the Chapter, to the town and parish in a 
most fitting address. It was accepted by Mr. Scanland lor 
tlie Camp. Other addresses were made by Gen. Thomas J. 
Shaffer, Commander of the Louisiana Division, U. C. V., and 
Rev. Dr. Parker, who was a Confederate also. 

After the unveiling, the children and members of the U. D. 
C. marched around the monument, singing "Dixie" and scat- 
tering flowers on its base. 

An old-time Southern barbecue was then enjoyed, and the 
afternoon program was opened by the presentation of a gold 
medal offered by the R. J. Hancock Chapter for the best essay 
by a high school graduate on "Louisiana's Part in the Con- 
federate War." This was presented to Miss Mattie Beile 
Scanland by General Shaffer, who commended the work of the 



Daughters of the Confederacy in their efforts to secure a 
true history of the war. Dr. Parler then paid tribute to the 
gallantry of the Southern soldier, and was followed by Gen- 
eral Shaffer in a patriotic discourse, which closed the exercises 
of the day. 

The monument is of Georgia marble, crowned by the figure 
of a soldier at attention and with the following inscriptions: 
North side : 

"Bossier Parish Companies — 
Bossier Volunteers, June 13, i86r. 
Robins Grays, Sept. 23, 1861. 
Vance Guards, Sept. 24, 1861. 
Bossier Cavalry, April 2, 1862. 
Marks Guards, May 7, 1862. 
Bossier Guards, April, 1863." 
East side: "The principles for which they fought enshrine 
their memories. Love, Faith, Courage." 
South side : 

"Raise the shaft, 'tis for our heroes; 
Set its base with colors fair ; 
Furl the faded, starry banner 
Round its staff, and leave it there." 
West side : "Silently this stone proclaims the deathless fame 
of those who fought and fell. Honor to heroes is glory 
to our God and our country." 

Base : "Erected June 3, 1910, by R. J. Hancock Chapter, U. 
D. C. Louisiana Division, Benton, La., in loving tribute to the 
Confederate soldiers, Bossier Parish, '61 to '65." 



MONUMENT AT WALHALLA, S. C. 

A handsome Confederate monument was unveiled in July 
at Walhalla, S. C, which represents long and diligent effort 
and untiring devotion of the Daughters of the Confederacy 
at that place. It is a lasting memorial to them as well as cd 
the men of Oconee County who so nobly gave their lives for 
the cause they were fighting to establish. 

The earlier part of the day was given to an automobile 
drive for the many veterans attending the unveiling, followed 
by a splendid parade of veterans, Daughters, and visitors, in 
addition to the civic authorities and the speakers of the oc- 
casion, who were among the most distinguished men of the 
State. Gen. M. L. Bonham was the orator of the day, anil 
made a brilliant address. A noble tribute was paid to Gen. 
John B. Gordon in an address by Col. R. T. Jaynes. 

The monument is twenty-four feet hign, and is crowned by 
a life-sized figure of a Confederate soldier. Directly below 
this figure are the letters C. S. A., while on the different sides 
of the shaft are beautiful and appropriate inscriptions. 



Inscription on the Zollicoffer Monument. — It was ex- 
pected that the words on the Zollicoffer monument as pub- 
lished in December en page 568 would be legible; but as many 
could not read them, they are reprinted : "On this spot fell 
Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, of Tennessee, January 19, 1862. 
Lieuts. Eailie Peyton, Jr., H. M. R. Fogg, and more than 
one hundred and fifty of their Confederate associates in the 
battle of Fishing Creek here died with General Zollicoffer 
for right as they saw it. They are part of the great host who 
crowned Southern manhood with glorious immortality. Th-ey 
gave their lives, the noblest of all offerings, at duty's call, 
and Fame will ever point with pride to this sacred place where 
these heroes now so peacefully sleep. Erected by Gen. Ben- 
nett H. Young, Airs. L. Z. Duke, and James A. Shuttleworth 
as a tribute to Southern valor." 



Qoi}federat^ l/eterar?. 



u 



COL. F. HODGES AND SOWS, OKOLONA, MISS. 

FROM A BEAUTIFUL SKETCH BY HIS DAUGHTER. 

Fleming Hodges v.;.s born in Smith County, Tenn., February 
26, 1815. His Father was Hon. William Hodges, of North 
Carolina, and his grandfather, William Hodges, bore an active 
part in 1 lu -Haggle of the colonies for independence of the 
mother country. The great-grandfather was a Scotchman with 
the sterling characteristics of his people. The father was en 
dowed with much vigor and natural ability. He represented 
Laurence O uiily, Ala., in its Stale Legislature in [828 and 
[829. lie married Miss Janet Daugherty, a native of Smith 
County, Tenn. Their home was in Moulton, Ala., where the 
wife died in [832, leaving a family of five suns and four (laugh 
ters. This mother was firm in character, yet gentle and great 
Iy beloved by all who knew her. The influence of her thor- 
ough training produced lasting impressions upon the children. 




CAPT. TOM POPE HODGES. 

1 1.1 thi original familj of five sons and four daughters, only 

two daughters survive. They are Mrs. Elizabeth Townsend, 

of Shelbj County, I 1 nn . and Mrs, Marj Phillips, of Memphis, 

both advanced in years, yel with intellects undimmed and 

unsullied. 

Col. Fleming Hodges was at every stage of life a man of 
usefulness to the community in which he lived. I lis homi 
proverbial for its hospitality. Mis wealth was shared bj those 
i" need. Hi was thi largest taxpayer in Chickasaw County. 
His wealth ci nsisted in several large plantations in Chickasaw 
and Bplivar Counties, Miss about three hundred slaves, herds 

and Kentucky's hi led horses, 1 tc. M 

trophies now in the possess! in of mi his family ti stifj 

t" the success of his exhibits at county and State fairs. 



At the beginning of the great war he bent everj 1 
the Southern cause. He "as made purchasing agent for the 
Confederate Stales with headquarters in Mobile. In 1862 

while in service he was suddenly Stricken with paralysis at 

the age of fort} seven years, hut his usefulness did not 
lie cared for and counseled those within his influi 

Colonel Hodges equipped three companies at his own 'ex- 
pense, and he fed and cared for the wi unded and sick soldiers 
in his home throughout the war. He was brilliant in conver 
sation and his bright, wholesome wit was proverbial. He was 
called the "Sage- of Chickasaw County." 

Two of Colonel Hodg s's sons were officers in the Confed- 
erate army. The elder, William (Buck), enlisted with the 
Prairie Rifles from Okolona in the nth Mississippi Regiment, 
which regiment was ordered to Virginia. Afterwards hi wa 
made captain of a company organized in .Moulton, Ala., the 
old home of his father and grandparents, and his compam was 

sent to the Arm} of Tennessee, He was with General Zolli- 
coffer at Fishing Creek, Ky., at the time he was killed. 

In the battle of Chickamauga he was severely wounded in 
the thigh by a bombshell, lie was taken to his father's home, 
when le was confined to his bed for several months, during 
which time he was promoted to major, but was never able to 
return to his command. At the close of the war he w. on 
crutches. He died in [886 of a congestive chill, leaving a 
large family, lie was a lawyer by profession, a graduate of 
Georgetown College, D. C. 

Capt. Tem Tope Hodges, second son of Colonel Hodges, 
was a student at Chapel Hill, X. C, when the war I 
He returned to his home, and was elected first lieutenant in 
Capt. Lafayette llodgcs's company of Prairie Mount, Mi 3., 
and was soon promoted to captain, his senior officer, Capt. 
Lafayette Hodges, his cousin, being promoted to major. Capt. 
lom Pope Hodges's lieutenants were Eugene Kvans. brother 
oi Mis. Augusta Evans Wilson, of Mobile, Ala., and Lieu- 
tenant Rand, of Mississippi. Col. l'.ytcl Williams was in com- 
mand of his regiment, the 41st Mississippi, and W. F. linker 
general. After going through the battles of Perry- 
ville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Shiloh, Corinth, Missionary 
Ridge, from Dalton to Atlanta, he was killed in the battle of 
Atlanta. July 28, 1864, at the age of twentj two years, lie 
x\ a- brave and kind, the pride of his home and defender of 
all wdio needed his care. 

As my thoughts traverse the long vista of years gone by ! 
see the home embowered amid the oaks, the white columns of 
the porch gleaming in the moonlight, the watchdi 
by a hurried footstep upi n the long walk, a knock at the door. 
It is past the midnight hour. There was sad new- Horn the 
front: "Tell them Colonel Tom is no more, slain in battle." 
Colonel 1 lodges, already broken in health, was crushed in 
sj.ii il and heart. Months passed, and it was feared by his 
loved ones he could not recover; yet he did to some extent, 
and lived to guide his little family hark in safe waters, pro 
vided generous homes for each, despite his enfeebled 
t i 1 111 ; and whi 11 ag and the effects of ill health bore 1 
upon him. he made his home with his eldest daughter, wife 
of Judge J. B. Chapline (who served in the [6th South I 
lina Regiment I, in Lonoke, Ark, until July .•;, 1S03. when the 
end came at the venty-cight years. The clos ( - of his 

life was calm and peaceful, surrounded by his children and 

grandchildren. 

Tribute to Captain Hodges by General Tucker. 

I [OUSTON, Miss., August 11. 
Col. Fleming Hodges— Dear Sir: 1 presume ere this you 
have learned that your son, Capt. T. 1'. Hodges, was killed 



i8 



Qo^federat^ Ueterai?. 



near Atlanta on the 28th ult. I offer my sympathy in this 
your irreparable loss. He was a gallant soldier and a true- 
hearted man. I knew him long and well, and I never knew 
him to utter a sentiment or do an act of which his father 
would be ashamed. Kind as a woman to those who looked to 
him for care and protection, true in his friendship, open and 
manly in his intercourse with his comrades, gallant in action, 
he was a model soldier and gentleman. I loved and trusted 
him, and he never ;ailed me. 

I have lost a friend, his country a gallant soldier, and you 
a son of whom any father might be proud. Accept my sym- 
pathy and condolence. W. F. Tucker, Brigadier General. 

Col. Byrd Williams wrote the father: 

"In the Field Near Atlanta, July 29, 1864. 

"Col. Fleming Hodges — Dear Friend: It becomes my painful 
duty to inform you of the death of your noble and gallant son, 
T. P. Hodges. He fell leading his company in a charge on 
the enemy in the battle of the 28th inst. I was in two steps 
of him when he fell. He was shot in the breast, the ball en- 
tering near the left nipple and passing through his body. He 
lived only a few minutes. His only words were : 'O God !' 

"I sent three of his men to Atlanta last night with instruc- 
tions to bury him in as good style as possible, and to mark 
his resting place, so his friends could find him. Colonel, please 
accept my heartfelt sympathy with you and family for the 
gallant dead. I loved poor Tom, and appreciated his noble 
qualities, and with his many friends mourn our loss.' 

"Your true friend, 

Byrd Williams, Colonel 41st Miss. Regt." 

In a sketch of Lieut. Col. Lafayette Hodges the following 
is given : "In a charge on the Federal lines at Chickamauga 
he captured a Yankee horse and rode at the head of his regi- 
ment through the thickest of the fight, notwithstanding the 
entreaties of his men to dismount and not expose himself so 
unnecessarily to the enemy's fire." 



MONUMENT AT H1LLSVILLE, V A. 

BY MRS. W. S. TIPTON, VICE PRESIDENT CARROLL CHAPTER, U. D. C. 

With pride we point to our handsome Confederate monu- 
ment. It was unveiled July 4, 1907. The raising of funds 
and all other labor attached to the securing of this beautiful 
memorial were efforts of love from the Daughters of the 
Confederacy of the Carroll Chapter of Virginia. Yet they 
feel it is only a mild expression of their reverence for the 
mountain boys who so proudly marched away from the Blue 
Ridge hills and their all for the Southern cause. 

The monument is of bronze, twenty-one feet high, including 
the massive base. It stands where the companies were formed 
and whence the brave fellows marched away, the majority of 
whom never returned. The pedestal, with its appropriate 
and inspiring inscriptions, is surmounted by a graceful figure 
of a Confederate soldier with his gun at parade rest. The 
expression indicates that the struggle has ended. Many years 
have intervened, the "birds have built their nests in the can- 
non's mouth," all is peace, yet he keeps his vigil and ever 
shields that Southland so dear to every Virginian. 

Almost every day some one of the "boys who wore the gray," 
but are not old and feeble, gather at the foot of the monument 
— their monument — and gaze at the inscriptions : Chicka- 
mauga, Cedar B.luff, Bull Run, Gettysburg. Ah, what stirring 
scenes these names recall! He recalls the roar of cannon, 
the rattle of musketry, and yet he is again "tenting on the 
old camp ground." When he returns to his home, he gathers 
his grandchildren around him and repeats to them the story 
qi the "times that tried men's souls." 



It is recorded that Carroll County gave more men, according 
to her population, to the cause than any other county in Vir- 
ginia. That long line of gray is becoming shorter and shorter, 
the ranks are rapidly thinning. It is the wish of our Chapter 
to do what we can for the few who are left. We are giving 
to all who apply with their crosses of honor, and for several 
years we have set aside and observed a "Soldier's Reunion 
Day." We serve to them an abundant feast of good things, 
brilliant orators address them, bands of music play their old 
favorite war songs ; and when "Dixie" bursts on their ears, 
we, one and all, listen and keenly enjoy the "Rebel yell" which 
always accompanies it. God bless the old men ! 




HILLSVILLE MONUMENT. 

The inclosed photograph is one of our monument which was 
taken July 5, 1910. At the foot is the casket containing the 
remains of Mr. James Shepperd, a Confederate veteran, who 
was accidently killed here the day before. The lamentable af- 
fair cast a deep gloom over the community. All that loving 
sympathy could do was tendered by the daughters. Upon the 
request of his widow a picture was made of the casket with 
its beautiful floral emblems and Confederate flags. 



NEW OFFICERS ARKANSAS DIVISION, U. D. C. 

At the annual State Convention Arkansas Division, U. D. 
C, the following officers were chosen for the ensuing year: 
Mrs. Homer F. Sloan, Batesville, President; Mrs. W. W. Fol- 
som, Hope, and Miss Anne May Gatewood, Lonoke, Vice 
Presidents; Mrs. D. W. Thomas, El Dorado, Recording Sec- 
retary; Mrs. Henry Berger, Malvern, Corresponding Secre- 
tary; Mrs. E. S. Dillon, Hamburg, Treasurer; Mrs. R. B. 
Willis, Fayetteville, Historian; Mrs. Walter Reese, Fayette- 
ville, Registrar; Mrs. Royal Van Brocklin, Imboden, Recorder 
of Crosses. 

A correspondent inquires concerning the shipment North 
from New Orleans of many bells and who got the money for 
them. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar;. 



19 



AMUSING INCIDENTS OF SERVICE. 

BY CLARENCE KEY, CONFEDERATE HOME, P1KESV1LLE, MD. 

[These rambling notes abound in quiet humor and show the 
brighter side of service.] 

While we were in New Mexico during the Confederate war 
there was a big Missourian in the regiment whom we all 
called "Buckskin." I never knew his name. He was a kindly, 
good-humored, amiable fellow, and we all liked him. Later 
on, when in Texas on our way from San Antonio to take 
part in the battle of Galveston, we arrived at Eagle Lake, a 
railway station, and camped on the prairie about dark. The 
regiment, recently reorganized, was about a thousand strong. 
About two-thirds of the men and none of the horses had ever 
seen a railway train. At about two o'clock in the morning 
we heard the whistle and presently the rumble of the train. 
It was pitch dark. "Buckskin" came well to the fore, rushing 
through the camp bawling: "Boys, don't yell; for if you do, 
you'll stampede the horses, and they'll run plumb to h — 1." 
The boys did not yell for once in their lives. 

The first exhibition of Buckskin's kindly interest in his 
comrades' welfare was manifested in New Mexico. It was in 
the early morning, and the men were busily employed in pre- 
paring breakfast. Suddenly we learned that the enemy was 
near us in force and would certainly be upon us within two 
hours. Buckskin became much excited. He rushed alcng the 
line, crying at the top of his voice: "Boys, don't eat anything, 
for God's sake ; for if you git shot, you'll die as sure as h — . ' 

There was in the same company with me a Marylander 
whom I will designate as "Sim," for so we all called him. 
He was a most amiable and pleasant fellow, and by profession 
a gambler. When he enlisted, he was guilty of the well-worn 
joke in describing himself as "a dealer in pasteboard and 
ivory." 

Sim had been enjoying a furlough in San Antonio, and ar- 
rived at camp two days after his time was up. He professed 
much contrition and promised the captain that thereafter he 
was going to be a "good soldier." He always had plenty ol 
money in his pocket — I never saw a gambler flat broke. We 
were soon to get four months' pay. When pay day came, w • 
all dressed in our best for muster. Impatiently the company 
waited for Sim. The captain sent him a peremptory mes- 
sage, and presently Sim came with colossal self-assurance, 
lie was ridiculously gotten up: dressed in a black frock coat 
(Prince Albert), black satin waistcoat, black doeskin trousers, 
and patent leather Oxford tic shoes, boiled starched shirt, 
standing collar, black satin cravat, and a diamond stick pin 
He was armed with a brand-new Enfield rifle, a new Colt 
forty-five, a new, shining cartridge box and belt, lie came 
out smiling blandl) and not in the least abashed at finding that 
id been left behind by the regiment because of his delay. 

When he took his place in the ranks, the captain called to him 

sharply : "Simpson I" 

"Sir v " said he. 

"What do you mean by coming on parade in those ridiculous 
duds, 

Sim looked himself over with a very If satisfied glance 
and said: "I was told to put on tin best I had for muster. 
Cap'n, and I did so." 

"Didn't you get a gray cloth doublet and a hat the other 
day like the Other men?" 

"Why, yes," said Sim. smiling amiably. "Yes, Cap'n Ed- 
wards, I got one all right, thank you. sj r ." 

"Very well, then, go and put them on at once." 

"Yes, Cap'n," Baid Sim; "I'll do it with pleasure. Certainly. 

Cap'n Edwards, I'll do it with pleasure." 



He changed his clothes and we joined the regiment on the 
parade ground. 

I once read a letter written by a private soldier to his 
colonel complaining bitterly of the unkindness and cruelty 
of his captain. The letter ended thus: "I do not sign my name 
to this letter, because if I did my captain might see it and 
would double and twist my roots." 

A tier a while Simpson was put on detached service and was 
ai-ijned to duty in the torpedo corps. Me went to Shreveport, 
La., and a few months later returned to Houston, Tex., on 
furlough. He wenl around saying, "How do ye do?" to his 
friends, and in the course of his stroll entered a barroom, 
where lie came up with a young man whom I will designate 
as X , wdio was well to do and belonged to a family all the 
young men of which were known as "bad men." How they 
all kept out of the army I do not know, but not one of them 
was a soldier. 

Now this fellow was quarrelsome in his cups and sought to 
pick a quarrel with Simpson, who managed to get away from 
him. Later (it was after dark), as Simpson was in the act 
of leaving another saloon, a shot was fired full in his face. 
He at once returned the fire, and a lively fusillade followed. 
When the smoke was blown away, it was discovered that X. 
was shot through the instep, and that a loafer who had been 
following him around all day was lying dead upon the side- 
walk. Simpson chared out. and X. died of lockjaw a day or 
two later. A coroner's jury absolved Simpson, and a brother 
of X. came from the plantation to investigate. Convinced that 
his brother was to blame, he sent word to Simpson that it 
was all right so far as he was concerned, and Simpson came 
back and finished Ins vacation. 

IK- returned to Shreveport and the torpedo service, and 
some months later, about sunrise in the morning, entered a 
saloon with another gambler. They ordered a champagne 
cocktail and entered into a conversation at the rear of the 
bar which the barkeeper did not hear. Suddenly a pistol went 
off, and the other fellow lay dead upon the floor. Simpson 
hurried off and, stopping a citizen whom he relieved of his 
hat and overcoat at the point of his pistol, took the stage for 
Mexico that was just leaving the town. That was the last I 
ever heard of Simpson. 

Shortly after we retook Galveston our regiment, dismounted 
cavalry, was stationed at Fort Point at the entrance of the 
harbor and set to throwing up an immense embankment of 
sand, upon which heavy guns were to be mounted. One night 
(the embankment was pretty large then) the camp was 
aroused by the roar of heavy guns in the distance. We all 
tinned out and ascended our embankment, and from there 
to tin- west of us we not only heard the roar but saw the 
of the explosions. We had no idea of what it was, and 
watched and listened in silence. Suddenly, not able to stand 
the suspense any longer, a big fellow, "Bird" Thompson, 
sprang to his feet, threw his hat into the air. and. breaking the 
-had silence, shouted: "Wave your lights, d — n you; wave 
your lights!" The spell was broken. 

1 ati 1 we learned that the tiring we heard was the engage- 
ment between the Alabama and the llatt 

Ed Rives, our company bugler, was a very poor one, but 
an excellent tiddler, and his repertoire « inex- 

haustible. My messmate and I (only two of us in the mess) 
always managed to have a good camp fire, and consequently 
when supper was over our lire was very popular. One night 
when there was a large attendance Ed came along with his 
fiddle, and was received with exclamations of pleasure and 
satisfaction. It was a beautiful moonlit summer night Tune 



20 



Qozjfaderat^ Ustersij. 



after tune and piece after piece were asked for, and Rives was 
in his glory. Finally one by one his audience lapsed into 
slumber. Rives and I were the only ones awake. He finished 
the piece he was playing and looked around him. I thought 
that he was hurt, that as an artist his feelings were outraged 
by their going to sleep. Xot at all. He was delighted. He 
turned to me and said: "I've been with the boys nearly two 
years and I've played to 'cm often, but this is the first time 
I've ever played 'em all to sleep. I played everything they 
asked me to. everything. They arc all satisfied and contented. 

Good night." 

Our regimental bugler was a German and formerly belonged 
to the United States regular army, and a first-class bugler he 
was. One day he got leave and with some other comrades 
spent the day in San Antonio. Needless to add that the beer 
was good and abundant, and that it flowed freely. At night he 
started to ride back to camp, and on the way at the river ford, 
about belly deep, he stopped his horse in the middle of the 
river to get a drink of water. Leaning over to dip up the 
water with his tin cup, he fell into the water. The other fel- 
lows did not fail to tell how Phifer fell overboard. They said 
he had tumbled in, implying that he had drunk too much beer. 
Phifer was deeply hurt at this vile imputation and insisted 
upon explaining to me exactly how it happened : "You heard 
vat dem poys says about me? Dey says dot last night I 
doombled into der reeber. Now, I deedn't doomble in ; I yoost 
schlipped in. I leaned down to one side of my bony Peel 
[Bill] to get some vater in my teen coop, unt I yoost schlipped 
in. Vat? You see? Dem poys is all tarn fools." 



While our regiment was yet at Fort Point, Galveston, the 
blockading fleet had an unpleasant way every once in a while 
of bombarding us. They would shoot great round shells as 
big as a Dutch oven and long cylindrical percussion shells 
that looked to us as if they were at least two feet long. 
Somehow or other the round ones rarely exploded, and the 
cylinders never did, the sand being too soft to explode the 
percussion cap. Our colonel had an old Mexican cook, greatly 
famed for his skill in making corndodgers. This old fellow- 
very frankly and freely acknowdedged that the shells nearly 
scared him to death. One day he asked some of us to accom 
pany him to see a bombproof he had constructed for refuge. 
We went with him, and with pride and delight he showed us 
a sort of cave or burrow he had dug in the soft sand. In 
vain we explained that the shock of the falling missiles would 
b.» sufficient to bury him alive. But he would not be con- 
vinced. We then told the colonel that if he did not interfere 
he would be left cookless. He ordered us to destroy the 
bombproof, and we thereby saved his man. 



On the night before the battle of Galveston three pieces of 
ordnance had been ordered to Fort Point — two 64-pound 
howitzers and one 24-pound siege piece. Two companies of 
heavy artillery and some companies of dismounted cavalry- 
had been ordered to the same place to support the artillery 
in case of need, and an awful time we had in hauling the guns 
there. We had six mules to each of the howitzers, and I do 
not know how many to the siege gun. In addition, there were 
long ropes to each gun, and we tugged at them. The sand 
was very soft, and we sank over our insteps at every step. 
We stopped at intervals to rest. At one of these rests a 
private in one of the companies approached his captain. 
"Cap," said he, "I den't want to be called a deserter and I 
don't want to be absent without leave, but I don't want to go 
to that place." 



"What place?" said the captain. 

"Why, Fort Point." 

"But why not?" 

"Well, you see, Cap, I was drove away from there when 
the Yankees took the place." 

"Yes, but why don't you want to go there again? You must 
have some reason for it." 

"Well. I reckon I haven't got the sand in my craw." 

He was excused. The fact was, his company was driven 
away from Fort Point when the enemy captured the fort. 

When I left the island of Cuba to join the Confederate 
army, I could ride a horse, but I knew nothing of range cat- 
tle. In Brownsville, Tex., after duly equipping myself with 
all things necessary. I was invited to join a detachment of 
some twenty men who, their furloughs having expired, were 
going to rejoin their regiment in San Antonio. So we started, 
having with us a pack mule to carry our heavy stores, among 
which was a five-gallon demijohn of whisky. Now it is not 
an easy thing to carry a five-gallon demijohn safely on a pack 
mule. I had an abomination, given me by a considerate and 
kind friend in Havana, an India rubber air pillow. As I could 
not possibly use it to sleep on, I suggested that we carry the 
whisky in the pillow. With much difficulty we coaxed the 
liquor into the pillow and set out. On the first day we took 
our ration of whisky all right, but on the next day the odor 
of the stuff was fierce. The sulphur had gotten into the spirit. 
The rest of the journey was dry. When about five days 
out, one of us fell sick, and we camped at a Mexican ranch. 
While there the horses stampeded, and my beast was badly 
"stove up" in front. After our poor comrade died, we pro- 
ceeded on our journey, and I found that my horse was nearly 
useless. I had almost to carry him along. 

At last we came within camping distance of King's Ranch. 
By that time my horse was a miserable wreck, and could not 
keep up with the others, so I fell behind. Plodding along, 
night overtook me, and presently the full Southern moon 
arose, and all was bright. After a while, it must have been 
pretty late, I came to a dry arroyc, or ravine, traversing the 
prairie. On arriving at its border I heard a roar, and, look- 
ing down into the ravine, saw an enormous bull. Now, 
I never had any experience with bulls except that of see- 
ing them from a safe seat in a bull ring in Havana. This 
one was a terror to me. First he would give an awful roar 
and paw up the sand, throwing showers of it on his back. I 
sat on my horse and watched him repeat this performance 
again and again. The arroyc was about twenty feet deep and 
about fifty feet wide. Its sides were very steep, and I knew 
that there might not be a crossing for miles and miles on 
either side of me. Even if there had been no bull, I would 
not have dared to ride my "stove-up" horse down the steep 
incline. I had to go on. I dismounted and, getting on the 
right side of my horse (the bull was on the left), I cautiously 
led him to the bottom. Once there I did not pause a mo- 
ment, but, mounting from the right side, I stuck my spurs 
into the poor beast and rushed him up the high bank. Once 
there, I turned quickly to look for the bull. He had not 
stirred, and went on bellowing and tossing sand and dirt into 
the air as if I had not been within a mile of him. When I 
told the boys of my perilous adventure, they just laughed, 
and one of them said : "Pshaw ! those old prairie bulls are 
too fat and lazy to notice anything." 

The next day I traded my "stove-up" horse at King's Ranch 
to a wagoner. The boys urged me to make a trade with him 
for a black pony. I objected. I said that my horse was 
utterly worthless, and that would be dishonest. They said 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai). 



21 



that 1 was a tenderfoot and foolish; that in Texas everything 

was fair in a horse trade; to go in and lie and win if pos- 
sible. So I went in and lied, and I also won. I traded even 
for the black pony. We then set out for San Antonio. 

Alas and alack! Seven miles from the ranch, the Santa 
Gertrudes, my horse gave out. and 1 ignominiously returned 
to the ranch. I will never forget it. Captain King was 
sitting on the steps of the gallery of his neat frame house, 
and a friend of his, Jacob F. George, was sitting beside him. 
I told my story, and Captain King sat up and h i ked mi 
carefully ami said: "Will. I have often heard I f nun trading 
themselves afoot, hut I have never seen it until now. How 
ever, stake your horse down there where there is good grass 
and come hack at once to supper." 

The next morning I went i i see my black pony. He was 
lying Ikil nit his side. 1 thought he was dead and gave him 
a contemptuous kick. It was as though 1 had pulled a trig- 
ger somewhere in him; he sprang to hi- feel as nimbly as a 
grasshopper and twice as lively. 

I had intended to stay with King only until my horse was 
tit; hut I made friends with him and his family, and 

about three wicks, until some one should come along so 1 
might have company on the ride to San \ni 'iiio. Som 
after leaving the ranch my companion and I saw a i 
Camp about a mile off. and we rode to it. thinking to get 
some fresh beef. Imagine my horror and surprise at seeing 
as we drew near that it was the same wagoner to whom I 
had trailed the "stove-up" horse. '1 here was no retreating, 
so I slyly loosened the holster of my m\ shooter and rode 
up with as good a fare as I could. Now 1 will catch it for 
trading off a ".tove-up" horse for a sound pony, if he was 
tired out, I thought. As soon as we rode up the old fellow- 
saw us and came toward us, crying out: "Why, hello! I'm 
glad to see you, Light and have some dinner with us." 

Then he 1< oked at my horse, walking all around him. 

"Why," said he, "you've got a g I horse, a bully good un. 

\\ hi re'd J on get him ?" 

"• ). 1 traded for him." said I. Then, emboldened by his 
cordial reception, I said: "What did you do with the horse 
I traded you ?" 

"Haw, haw!" s.-|i,l he, "I found a foil and I traded him 
off. The last day I rode him the old fellow fell down with 
me three times, and the last time he skinned his old ni i 

When asked to write the story of how he became a Con- 

' i i plied : "Why, 1 was I" mi a ( 

erate. My family on both sjih-s were slaveholders from the 
time, 1 think, that the I i i - 1 m were brought from Africa. 

I simply thought and believed that it was my duty to join 
the Confederate army, and 1 did so When the wai 
out I was living in Havana. Cuba, and was ll.it mi no back 
with inflammatory rheumatism. As soon as I got well I went 
to work to make some money to pay my waj to the Confed 

'I hen from Havana I went to Nassau, New Provi 
dence, and. finding no blockade runners there, I returned to 
Havana and went to Bagdad, at the mouth of the Rio Grande, 

to Brownsville, Tex., via Matamoras, thenci to San 

Antonio, where I enlisted in the 2d Texas Cavalry. Later 1 

nged into the 23d Tex. is Cavalry, where I remained until 

the 'break up.' Hut Story I I .1111 like the 'knife grinder.' 

'Story, si,' God hhss you. sir. I have none to tell.' 1 he 
only battle that 1 saw was thai 01 Gal I lied 

my duty there, but did not do much." 

fhough i- 01 think he has a story to tell, Comrade 



Key's amusing contributions as given above will he enjoyed 
by many readers of the VETERAN, some of whom at least 
have shared similar experiences. After an active life, this 
comrade has entered the Maryland Line Confederate Home 
at Pikesville, Md. His health is much improved, and the 
tedium of life would he relieved by news from war-time friends, 



OTHER AMUSING ARMY INCIDENTS. 

BY JOHN R. WINDHAM, 101 lii:\\. \ 1 v. 
I was with the Army of Tennessee and in all of the ! 
that it fought. I can testify to Lieutenant Farley's "capturing 
the captor." I Si e July Veteran, page 321.] The captor was 
named Gallagher, I think, of the 10th Mississippi. 1 had 1 
long talk with the Yankee. Hr would laugh and seem t> 
enjoy the joke On himself, saving the Rebel played a trick on 
him. As Lieutenant Farley said, he got a furlough, but the 
Yankee came verj mar biting bis linger off. It was amusing 
tc hear the Yankee tell about the Reb's making him lii down 
and then pouncing upon him On the same day, and hut a few 
minutes afterwards, a fine- looking Yankee rode up to our work ;. 
I loked Over them, then turned and deliberately rod-.' off. At 

least a dozen shots wire fired at him, when he surrendered. 
1.1 1 i.ii I \ 1 t.r Near Chickamatjga Station. 
Many amusing incidents occurred during the war that would 
be enjoyed by the old soldiers ii they were written up. You 
asked some tim< ago for any incidents in regard to General 
Tyler. After 1 ni' lines were broken at the ridge. General I xIit 
rode up to a lire where a lot of wounded wen lying and 
asked some one to lift him from his horse. Some one lifted 
him tenderly and laid him down. We could hear the blood 
in his boot, as it was full from the wound just below the 
knee. He told us that his brigade never gave way until sur- 
rounded, and would never have d me so but for his right sun 

port. Tennessee never sent a braver or more gallant soldier 

lit for the cause, lie sleeps sweetly in his soldier grave. 

'1 he light between the Yankees and Confederates was in the 

..: Stone's River near Murfreesboro known as "Hell's 

Half Aire." 1 In Saturday night we were ordered to make a 

charge in the cedars. 1 suppose to cover our retreat, which 

commenced in a short while. While lying down I bad a dead 

Yankee for breastworks. 



Mrs. T. M. Anderson, of Pickens. Miss, Route Xo. 3, has 
lie- following numbers of the VETERAN which she will sill at 
ten cents each, the purchaser to pay postage or express. The 

.Is will be donated to i'ie Jefferson Davis memorial 
rml th. monument to the "Immortal Six Hundred:" [900, May. 
June, August. November, December; 1001, all except April, 
May, September; 1902, all except January, August, September; 
1903, complete; I904, all except October; 11)05. all 1 
August; 1906, all except January; [907, [90S, nml. complete. 



Capt, George W. Christy, now at the Soldiers' Home. 
i.ir. Miss., wrilis 1l1.1t he believes he and Han C. Wl 

of Morristown, Tenn., are the onlj survivor- of Wheat's Bat- 
talion. He states thai Capl \lex White and Whitney were 
ded at Haines's Mill, where Major Wheat was killed. 
< 111 Christy was with the command at Gettysburg, where 

he had his nose broken by a piece ol shell and his n 
shot almost off 'Captain White was also woi 
there after putting the Rag On a ramrod and leading tb 
ill the light at Gulp's Hill. Seminary Ridge. He was captain 
of the strannr Magnolia ami Christy was engineer vv ■! : 
war began. White enlisted him in his companj in 1801. 



22 



Qopfederat^ Veterai). 



EFFICIENCY OF GENERAL LEE'S ORDNANCE. 

Recollections of the Last Month in the Army of 

Northern Virginia — the End. 

by capt. frederick m. colston, baltimore, md. 

In September, 1864, I was promoted from lieutenant and 
ordnance officer of Huger's (formerly Alexander's) Battalion 
of Artillery, Longstrect's Corps, to captain and assistant to the 
chief of ordnance of the Army of Northern Virginia, Lieut. 
Col. Briscoe G. Baldwin. 

One of my duties was the charge of the reserve ordnance 
train of the army, which was then encamped near Chester 
Station (now Centralia), on the Richmond and Petersburg 
Railroad, and I took up my quarters and mess there with 
three fine young sergeants whom I found there, and all of 
whom had been disabled or wounded and assigned to that 
duty. It was the custom of the army where a man able to 
do full duty was needed for the front. They were Joseph 
Packard, Bob Burwell, and Everard Meade. Packard passed 
the ordnance examination and was commissioned lieutenant 
and placed in direct charge of the train, relieving me of that 
part of my duty. He is now very prominent and appreciated 
in Baltimore and elsewhere. Bob Burwell was of the well- 
known Virginia family, and died a few years ago. Meade, a 
grandson of Bishop Meade, is now rector of the historic Pohick 
Church, in Fairfax County, Va., the Church of George Wash- 
ington and George Mason. 

General Lee's staff, of which the only survivors are Col. 
Walter H. Taylor, of Norfolk, his assistant adjutant genera'. 
and Maj. Henry E. Young, of Charleston, the judge advocate 
general, was very small, though very efficient ; but military 
critics of the present day marvel at it and contend that it 
should have been larger in numbers and organization. 

My first important work came almost at once, early in Oc- 
tober, and was an order to mount the heavy guns in Batteries 
Wood, Semmes, and Brooke. These batteries were on the 
south side of James River, and designed to command the 
Dutch Gap Canal, which General Butler was having dug to 
flank the heavy battery at Howlett's Bluff, on the river ap- 
proach to Richmond. It is reported that General Lee was in 
much doubt at first as to Butler's object; but when the project 
was developed, the batteries were located and work on them 
was rushed. 

I was told that the guns would be delivered at Chest? . Sta- 
tion, where I was to receive them, transport them to the bat- 
teries, about two and a half to three and a half miles distant, 
respectively, and mount them. The guns were of the Brooke 
banded type, weighing over ten tons, constructed at the 
Tredegar works in Richmond, and a special carry-log with 
twelve foot wheels was sent with them. With much labor 
the gun would be slung under the carry-log and then the 
team would be started. Imagine about thirty mules in a team, 
with the negro drivers all yelling and cracking their whips ! 
It was like a charge of artillery. 

The road was a sandy soil through the pines, and the wheels 
sometimes sank so that the gun rested on the ground, and the 
difficulty of transport often seemed insurmountable. Some- 
times good progress would be made, and sometimes a whole 
day would be spent on a few yards. But by main strength 
and determination the guns were all gotten there. George 
Apperson, chief quartermaster sergeant of the train, a fine 
man, is entitled to the credit for this part of the work. 

Once just as we were getting across the Richmond and 
Petersburg Turnpike General Lee came along and looked with 
interest at our doings after acknowledging my salute. 



I was provided with a special headquarters order which 
permitted me to go in and about the army at all times and 
call on all officers, etc., to give me any aid required. 

When the guns were gotten into the batteries, I called on 
Commodore Mitchell, commanding the gunboats on the James 
River, presented the order, and asked for sailors and tackle to 
help in mounting them, and they were promptly furnished. 
The Jackies sustained the reputation of the service as "Handy 
Men." Three companies of the engineer regiment were also 
sent to help in the work. 

The enemy soon found out what we were about, and shelled 
us vigorously, so that we had to abandon our work in the 
daytime and do it only at night. With insufficient light our 
work was rendered the more difficult, and several times when 
a gun was nearly in place a slip would come, and down it 
would go, and we had it all to do over again. 

The cheerfulness and vigor with which the sailors and engi- 
neer-soldiers worked all night excited my admiration, and I 
wanted to give them a treat; so I went up to Drewry's Bluff, 
about two miles above, and asked for some whisky. General 
Lee's name on my order was of course potent, and I was 
given a big demijohn. I carried this down and asked an officer 
for a reliable man to take care of it. He said that he would 
give me the best he could, but even doubted any one under 
the circumstances; so a sergeant was called up and the demi- 
john committed to him. When we knocked off work at day- 
light, I called for the sergeant, and found him happily drunk. 
Fortunately there was enough left for a drink around; but 
thereafter I took charge of the demijohn myself, and wherever 
I went in directing the work I carried the demijohn and sat 
on it. 

The earthwork was being done at the same time with a dif- 
ferent force and superintendence, as it was a hurry job. It 
took us about thirty days, and for the most part of that time 
I never slept at night, but went back at daylight to my 
quarters, which had been moved to the Friend house, near 
the turnpike, for nearer access to the work. I had the 
satisfaction of reporting that all the guns were mounted, 
but they never fired a hostile shot and were abandoned when 
we retreated in April. The train was then moved to near the 
Lippincott house, on the south side of Swift Creek, about 
half a mile from Brander's Bridge, where we established win- 
ter quarters. 

During the winter life was tolerably easy for us, but I had 
enough to do to keep me occupied. Much of my work called 
for riding along the lines, and I kept well posted on what 
was going on. 

Our quarters were comfortable, two tents joined together 
with a mud chimney between, but our rations were very scant 
both in quantity and variety. Knowing that all the people 
near us were as badly off as the army was, I never encroached 
upon their hospitality; but Packard and I made acquaintance 
with the hospitable Widow Duvall, who lived beyond Chester- 
field Courthouse, and we visited there, where supplies were 
fairly abundant, and I thought nothing of the eighteen-mile 
ride on a cold winter night, nominally to see the widow's 
pretty sister, but really for one good meal. 

Some of our wagons were en.ployed all the winter in being 
driven over the battlefields and picking up the enemy's unex- 
ploded shells, which were sent to the Richmond arsenal and 
prepared to be returned to them from our guns. 

Near the end of January, 1865, I was requested to take 
horses and go down to a landing on the James River, where 
I was to meet Admiral Raphael Semmes, who was coming 
bv boat from Richmond to visit General Lee. The Admiral 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



23 



was accompanied by Colonel Ives, of President Davis's staff; 
and when we got to General Lee's quarters at the Turnbull 
house, he and the Admiral retired and Colonel Ives joined a 
group of the General's staff. I remember the fierce attack 
that Colonel Marshall made 01. the commissary situation and 
Colonel Ives's attempted defense. Admiral Semmes spent the 
night with General Lee. In his "Memoirs" he says that the 
"grand old chieftain and Christian gentleman seemed to fore- 
shadow more by manner than by words the approaching down- 
fall of the cause for which we were both struggling." 

About the last day of February Colonel Baldwin ordered me 
to go to Amelia Courthouse and Lynchburg, see the ordnance 
stores there, and report on them. 1 went by train, and at 
Amelia Courthouse I found a large supply of ammunition, 
etc.. stored in the open, but protected by tarpaulins, and in 
charge of a wounded officer. On account of representations 
made to me by some citizens, I directed the ammunition to 
be moved to a different location for the safety of the village. 
There was a good house there with a large yard with trees 
and grass. It was occupied bj Mrs. Francis L. Smith, a 
refugee from Alexandria, and I was invited to spend the 
evening there. In the course of conversation Mrs. Smith re- 
marked that General Lee was a lelative of her husband and 
Arlington was familiar to her, but that she had never seen 
him since the war commenced. I casually remarked that the 
war had seen many changes of field, and that General Lee's 
quarters might even be in her yard before it closed, thinking 
of the fine surroundings. This was entirely a casual remark, 
and no attention was paid to it at the time. But when we 
got to Amelia Courthouse on our retreat, General Lee's tent 
was pitched in the yard. I heard at that time that Mrs 
Smith recalled that remark and charged me with knowing of 
the retreat and of not giving her warning. But this was not 
correct. Of course I could not help having my own idea, 
but it was never put into words. We never talked retreat. 

I take this occasion to comment upon the efficiency of the 
ordnance service. At the beginning of the u - military critics 
thought that we might fail for want of guns an ! ammunition, 
and our first supplies of both justified that criticism; but with 
captures and manufactures we kept supplied, and always had 
guns and something to put into them. Our manufactures have 
never received the attention of military historians that they 
deserve. Even our cap machine was adopted and used by 
the United States army after our surrender. The wonderful 
record of the ordnance department was published a few years 
after the war by General Gorgas. chief of ordnance, in the 
Southern Historical Society Magazine, and also by Colonel 
Mallet (now of the University of Virginia) in the Richmond 
Times-Dispatch in 1909. The enemy had immense advantage 
for their cavalry in repeating carbines, the ammunition for 
which we could not make. Their success at the end of the 
war was largely owing to that. 

At Waterloo the important post of La Haye Sainte was 
lost because ammunition was not supplied. The brave garrison 
had shot all of its ammunition, and were massacred to a man 
when the French broke in. I know of no like instance by 
failure of supply in our war. 

The failure to have rations at Amelia Courthouse, as 
ordered by General Lee, caused a day's delay there, and it 
enabled the enemy to overtake us, resulting in Appomattox 
five days later. Otherwise we would have readied Danville, 
our objective, Lynchburg being the alternative. The ammuni- 
tion at Amelia Courthouse was distributed as far as needed 
and the balance destroyed when we left on our retreat. 

From Amelia Courthouse I went to Lynchburg ami insp 



the supplies there. At that time Sheridan was coming down 
the Valley to join General Grant and threatened Lynchburg, 
intending to cross to the south sice of the James River; but 
he got only to Amherst Courthouse and found the river in 
flood, and he was unable to cross, so he came down by way 
of Hanover Courthouse on the north side. Lynchburg was 
in a semipanic, and I was extremely fearful of capture away 
from the army, which had been my safe home for many 
months. 

On March 28, 1865, I was sent for by my chief, Lieutenant 
Colonel Baldwin, and was told that the state of the armament 
of the cavalry was giving much trouble to the ordnance de- 
partment, owing to the variety of arms carried by the men. 
It was actually the case, he told me, that a single company 
might have half a dozen different kinds of carbines. It was 
almost impossible to supply the different kinds of ammuni- 
tion at all times, and consequently many men would be out 
of action when most needed. General Lee had directed that 
an effort be made to correct this state of affairs, and I was 
to go down to the cavalry division, then about Dinwiddie 
Courthouse, have the men paraded, and by swapping the arms 
try to make squadrons at least uniformly armed. I told him 
that this would be a difficult and disagreeable task, as these 
arms had been captured by the men in battle in most cases and 
were consequently valued and their exchange would be 
objected to. Colonel Baldwin replied that he recognized 
that, but that it must be done and that the assistance of their 
officers could be called for. This illustrates one great diffi- 
culty in our service, especially in the cavalry — too many 
calibers to furnish. Modern service has developed that one 
caliber for all small arms is the best. 

So I got my orders, and the next morning early started out. 
I was afraid to ride my own fine little mare down amongst 
the cavalry, and I took an old white horse which was used 
in the train. Before leaving Colonel Baldwin had given me 
the map used at headquarters and which was issued espe- 
cially to corps commanders and heads of departments. I 
made some demur to taking it for fear of capture and conse- 
quent blame ; but Colonel Baldwin said that I had better have 
it, as it would be necessary in finding my way. I went down 
the Boydton Plank Road and joined a couple of cavalrymen 
who were en route to their commands. At Burgess's Mill, 
on Hatcher's Run, we passed through our lines and into the 
debatable ground beyond. We heard a report that the enemy 
were on the plank road beyond us, and at the junction of the 
Quaker, or Military Road, a mile from Burgess's Mill, we 
turned into it, hoping to flank them. We had passed Gravelly 
Run, two miles down, and had come within sight of the 
lin Road, when we suddenly saw in front of us men 
with knapsacks on running across the road. As our men did 
not carry knapsacks, we knew them to be the enemy. We 
had ridden right into the flank of Warren's Corps marching 
on the Vaughn Road, having crossed Hatcher's Run at Monk's 
Neck Bridge, some distance below. We turned at once, but 
not before several shots had been fired at us and an ener- 
getic voice had been heard calling out: "G — d — you. halt." 
Then commenced a race in which I experienced the feeling 
of the fox in the hunt, I suppose, for there were more of 
them, they were better mounted and armed, whilst I had a 
poor old horse and not even a penknife. The cha- 
nearly a four-mile one and most painfully interesting to me, 
for I thought of many things during it, and particularly oi 
that infernal map. I knew that its capture would be duly 
lauded in the United States papers, and dreaded the conse- 
quences. I had thoughts of jumping from my horse, 1' 



24 



Qoqfederat^ l/eterai}, 



the map in the leaves, and then surrendering, thus sacri- 
ficing myself for the map, but the instinct of self-preserva- 
tion kept me going. The enemy were uncertain of their own 
position and came on with caution, when the fortunate turns 
of the road hid us; but when they turned and saw us still 
going, they came on with redoubled energy and with shouts 
and shots. The better mounted cavalrymen soon left me 
behind, and I had serious fears that my old horse would not 
last, but fortunately he did, and I reached the protection of 
our lines at Burgess's Mill safe and sound and with the old 
map in my possession. 

The Confederate troops that we reached were Gen. W. P. 
Roberts's cavalry brigade of Gen. W. H. F. Lee's division. 
General Roberts and his assistant adjutant general, Capt. 
Theodore S. Garnett, of Norfolk, were in advance and ques- 
tioned me as to what we had seen. A sharp engagement soon 
followed, and later the enemy in heavy force drove our line 
back. Captain Garnett states that he in person reported to 
General Lee this movement of Warren's Corps moving across 
to Sheridan's relief at Dinwiddie Courthouse. 

My horse collapsed as soon as we got in, and I had to walk 
and lead him back to Petersburg, some ten miles. I reported 
to Colonel Baldwin and he laughed at my adventure, and in 
reply to my question whether I should try again told me that 
it was now too late. "The movement has commenced," he 
said, and this was the movement of General Grant around 
Lee's right which led to Five Forks, the retreat from Peters- 
burg, and Appomattox. 

The next few days were full of anxiety and apprehension, 
and early on the 2d of April we were apprised of the results 
of the battles of Five Forks and on our right line and noti- 
fied to be ready to move. The day was spent in active work 
moving our surplus ammunition to Dunlop's and distributing 
some for use by the troops on the retreat. 

We received instructions for our route, which was to Amelia 
Courthouse by way of Brander's Bridge over Swift Creek, 
Chesterfield Courthouse, and Goode's Bridge over the Appo- 
mattox River, and about dark the train moved. Near mid- 
night Packard and I rode to Dunlop's, wdiere the surplus am- 
munition was blown up, and then on to join the train. At 
Chesterfield Courthouse I met Huger's (formerly Alexander's) 
Battalion of Artillery, where I had previously served, and we 
looked back at the great clouds of smoke over burning Rich- 
mond, and I remember the anxious looks and pale faces of 
Parker's "Boy Battery," which was from Richmond. They 
never blanched in front of the enemy, but did at leaving home 
and mother to an unknown fate. 

That night our quartermaster insisted upon going into 
camp at the Cox house, which was soon on the outside of our 
line; but the following morning (April 4) we moved early, 
and soon came to a brigade which had been sent out to receive 
and protect us. We arrived at Amelia Courthouse about sun- 
down and camped near it. 

The next morning I rode to the courthouse to get orders 
for the day from Colonel Baldwin, and I remember General 
Lee's tent in Mrs. Smith's yard. I rode on to overtake the 
train, and when I got to it I found a great state of confusion 
and disorder. It had been attacked by the enemy's cavalry, 
under General Davies, near Paineville, about eight miles from 
the courthouse, who were soon driven off by our troops, but 
not before they had destroyed some of our wagons and killed 
some of the animals. ( There is a picture of this affair in the 
last volume of the "Battles and Leaders of the Civil War.") 
We reorganized the train and resumed our march, and moved 
all night, passing through Deatonsville. We continued this on 



the next day (Thursday, April 6) without stopping to rest or 
feed our animals or ourselves. 

Sheridan's "terrible" cavalry (as General Lee called them) 
and artillery soon commenced making determined attacks upon 
us from our left flank at every opening. In one of them the 
driver of our personal wagon, black Tom Peters, was so 
frightened that he drove the wagon against a tree trunk, and 
there it stuck with the shells bur-tiny all around it. I ordered 
Tom to go in to rescue our belongings, and even threatened 
him with my sword, but the poor fellow, ashy colored, only 
said : "O, Massa Captain, I will do anything for you, but I 
can't go in dar." So I sail to Burwell : "Life in this Con- 
federacy is not worth having without any clothes or anything 
else, and I am willing to risk my life for them." Bob cheer- 
fully replied: "I am with you, Captain." We got a wagon 
and Bob drove it alongside the stalled one, and our belongings 
were thrown from one into the other. Fortunately the enemy's 
fire slackened, and never before was so much done in so short 
a time. 

In these operations our train had been broken up into de- 
tached fragments, and our force was divided accordinglv. 
Colonel Taylor states that during one of these attacks the 
headquarters wagons were in danger of being captured and 
the men in charge burned a chest containing the headquarters 
archives, including order books, letter copying books, and 
other valuable documents, occasioning an irreparable loss and 
an unnecessary one, as the wagon was eventually saved. Late 
in the day I got to the ground overlooking Sailorls Creek, 
where there was a block, owing to the convergence of trains 
End a narrow passage over the creek on a rickety bridge. 
General Ewell was there and told me to make the wagons 
double up, saying: "If they don't get away from here, they 
will all be captured." After complying with his instructions, 
I went into my wagon and got out my best coat and a few 
other things. Just then the enemy appeared on the crest 
behind us and opened a heavy fire. There was a general 
"sauve qui peut," and we galloped down the hill. One man 
next to me was struck, the bullet making a loud whack. We 
crowded on the bridge, and had to take it at a slow pace under 
the heavy lire. One officer on a fine black horse, thinking the 
bridge too slow, took to the stream, but got mired in it. 
This crossing was by the S. W. Vaughn house. When I got 
across, I looked back and saw the enemy setting fire to our 
wagons. Thus I lost all of my treasures of the war for which 
I had risked my life only a few hours before. I was told by 
one of the officers at the War Records office in Washington 
that the burning of these wagons was much deplored. It was 
not necessary, and many valuable records and documents were 
lost to history. 

I rode up the hill on the west side of Sailor's Creek and 
came upon General Lee. He was reclining on the ground and 
holding Traveler's bridle. He was entirely alone and looked 
worn. I was then worn out in mind and body. I had been 
more than forty consecutive hours from Amelia Courthouse in 
the saddle, practically without food or sleep, and oppressed 
with the reflection that I had no clothes, no blankets, and 
nothing else except what I had on. 

After crossing the bridge over the Appomattox at the foot 
of the railroad high bridge, I came upon Maj. John P. Branch, 
of Richmond, encamped there. He took me in, and I spent 
the night there. The next morning (Friday, April 7) I moved 
on, and by great luck came upon Packard, who had saved 
some wagons with a few necessaries in them. We moved on 
very slowly all that day and night and also on Saturday, the 8th. 
camping that night near Appomattox Courthouse, near where 



Qoqfederat^ l/eterai). 



V. Y. COOK, 

NOT LOANABLE. 



!5 



General Lee had made his headquarters. 1 hiring the day I 

met Major , of Pickett's staff, who spoke of surrender 

as the proper course at that time. 'I his was a great shock 
to me, as it was the first time that I had heard the word 
"surrender." 

The next morning, the fateful April Q, we had not moved 
Packard and I rode up to sec what was going on. While we 
were standing there General I.cc rode past, attended by Colonel 
Marshall and a courier. He was iii full dress, wearing his 
SWOrd and sash. As 1 had never seen him wear li i s sword 
except at a review. I turned to Packard and said: "Packard, 
that means surrender." We then saw a I'nion officer gallop 

ing up, waving a wdiite handkerchief. He was recognized as 

General Custer by hi-- long yellow hair and red neckerchief. 
He rode up t<> General Longstreet, and one of Long treet's 
staff waved the bystanders off, sn that 1 saw lmt could not 
hear the interview, lilt was soon told. Custet Said, "I de- 
mand the surrender of this army," to which Longstreel replied 
that lie hail no nitre right to surrender the army than Custer 
had to demand it. Custer then said that Long-tic 1 would he 
responsible for the bloodshed to follow. Longstreel replied: 
"Go ahead and h«ve all the bloodshed you want." Custer 
then learned that General Lee had gone to see General Grant, 
and then mounting his horse rode off. Captain Summers, our 
quartermaster, who had been captured and paroled in the 
attacks on our train, was pn sent. He went up to General Cus- 
ter and asked his statUS.-bul Custer replied: "O, I've no time 
to attend to that now." 

General Longstreet mentions this incident, and Gen. E. P. 
Alexandi 1 saj - of il thai Longstreet rebuffed him more rough- 
ly than appears in LongStreet's account of it. 

Shortly after that General Lee came hack to where we were, 
when a crowd of officers ami soldiers gathered around cheei 
ing him. He stopped hi-- horse and said: "Men, we have 
fought the war together, and I have done the best 1 could 
for you. You will all he paroled, and go to your h imes until 
exchanged." I was (dose to him and climbed Upon .1 wag-in 
huh to see and hear distinctly, lie said a few more words 
which I cannot repeat accurately, hut those which 1 record 
are engraved upon my memory. f linked around and saw 
tears on many cheeks that had never been brought by fear. 

Words cannot describe our feelings then. All of the strug- 
gles and sacrifices ,f the long years were in vain, and the 
future loomed before us dark and unpromising. Even the 
fate of those who had not lived to see that day was envied 
then. The rest of that day was given to sad reflections and 
gloonij forel < dings. 

I in- next morning (Monday, April 10) we moved over 1 
tin- grove wdiere General Lee hail his tent and pitched a 
sheet about one hundred yards from his tent, which 

was the only one there, as I remember. All of the head 
quarters departments were assembled there 

'I he terms,,!' the surrender were known then, and we began 
to discu iii- Futun General Alexander said that In- was 
going to try to go t" Brazil, and I wanted to g 1 with him. I 
have .in interesting letter from him from the Brandreth 
. New York. April 22, 1863, telling of the inability of 
getting there and asking that it he communicated to Latrobe, 
General Longstrect's assistant adjutant general, who also 
'it of going. We could nol then ee into the future, but 
fortune was kinder to General Alexander, Col. Ostmm I atrobe, 
and myself than an exile to Bra il could havi brought. I 

mention tb show the ft cling of the time 

It rained, not heavily hut persistently, and our spirits were 
as gloomy as the weather. In the afternoon while we were 



seated on sonic logs over a smoldering lire we heard a clat- 
ter of horse hoofs and saw General Meade approaching with 
some members of his staff and an escort. General Meadi 
taken into General Lee's tent and they talked in private, while 
the members of his staff, of whom I remember Colonel Meade. 
his son, joined the group at the lire. I felt quite unions of 
Colonel Meade, a young fellow of about my own age, well 
dressed, well equipped, and well groomed as In was. and I 
though! of the inequalities of our services. 

When General Meade left, General lee called Colonel Tay- 
lor into his tent, and when lie came OUl lie told what the "Old 
Man" I the term applied to General Lee) told him of his talk 
with General Meade. I remember one part very well. Gen 
eral Meade asked him how many men he had before Rich 
mond and Petersburg, ami when General Lee told him he re 
plied: "1 had more than live men to your one." 

Coloml Marshall, of General Lee's staff, had been a fellow- 
student at the Warren Green Academy, Warrenton, Va., but 

was then a resident in Baltimore, as I was. 1 went to him 
to consult about our going home, and after a little talk h( 
said: "Fred Colston, General Lee has told me to write a fare- 
well address. What can I say to these people?" I took this 
for a hint, of course, and left him to write that well known 
address which General Lee revised and issued. 

tin Tuesday, April 11, we signed the parole sheets and 
paroles wen issued to us. These paroles were printed for 
us by the enemy, as they had a printing press with them by 
that time. As is well known, they were signed for the Con- 
federates by their immediate commanding officers, generally 
the brigadiers or colonels of the regiments or battalions 
Mine is signed "By command of Gen. R. E. Lee; W. II. 
Taylor, \ \ G." 

There was a fund in United Slates currency kept at the 
headquarters to pay spies, etc., who had to go into the 
enemy's lines. This was divided around, and 1 got enough to 
pay my way home. 

The Union officers were anxious to buy "Rebel chargei ," 
and many an officer sold his for enough gold or greenbacks to 
give him a start; hut I sold my tine little Nellie, who had 
given me such good service, to my fellow-officer. Maj. A. R. II. 

Ranson. Packard and I went into General Lee's tent and 

hade him farewell. At my request In' wrote his name and the 

date in a pocket Testament which had been given to me in 
June, [863, by three charming young Indies of Richmond, and 
which has been constantly with me since. General I. on 
was with General Lee. and he also wrote his name, with his 
left hand, as his right was still disabled from his wound at 
the Wilderness. This hook is one of the very few mementoes 
of the war that I saved. 

The next morning (Wednesday, April u) I started for Rich- 
mond, riding an old horse which I gol from the train. I joined 
1 apl Raleigh T. Daniel, of Richmond, and Sergeant fucker. 
ol Gen. V P. Hill's staff, on the way. and we traveled lo 
gether. When we got to the Appomattox River, wi found 
that ii had 1 \ :rfl iwed the tanks ow continued rain, 

and we hail to go .1 con iderable di tance in deep water. 
ami I took him behind me; hut in the 
middle of the flood the old horse groan,.! and laid d >wn, and 
I was immersed to my neck in the muddy stream. My sweet 
heart's picture was in my haversack, and a muddy slain is 
on it yet. When across'we were amongst United States 

colored i p . thou ands and th iusands ol them. We heard 

that they were robbing the Confederates passing through 
(which proved to he untrue) and we s mght tin pr itei tion for 
the night with the encampment of a regiment. The colonel 



26 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



and his officers were kind and hospitable, set up a tent for us, 
dried my wet clothes, and fed us. They even had out their 
band to play for us. The regiment was the 8th United States 
Colored Troops, and the colonel, S. C. Armstrong, afterwards 
the General Armstrong of the Hampton Institute. Some 
years afterwards I met General Armstrong, and we compared 
recollections of that night. He wrote an account of it in the 
paper published at the institute in 1892. 

The next morning I rode to Burkeville Junction, to which 
point the South Side Railroad had been rebuilt from Peters- 
burg, where I abandoned the old horse and took the train to 
Petersburg and City Point, going thence by boat to Rich- 
mond, where I arrived on April 15. After a day or two there, 
I applied for permission to go to my home in Baltimore; but 
President Lincoln had been assassinated, and times were 
harder for the poor Confederates. It was asserted that I had 
voluntarily abandoned my home and could not return there. 
In the controversy I was denominated "the so-called Captain 
Colston," consequently I had apparently neither habitation nor 
name. 

It was not until more than one month afterwards that by 
the kind assistance of Gen. E. O. C. Ord, the commander, and 
Gen. N. M. Curtis (of Fort Fisher fame), the provost mar- 
shal, I was permitted to go home. After my arrival there, 
I had even to get permission of the provost marshal to have 
my picture taken in my uniform. 

Thus ended my service in the Confederate army, the recol- 
lection of which is more gratifying to me than that of any- 
thing else that I have been able to do in my life. 

SUGGESTIONS FOR HISTORIC REVIEWS. 

BY LAMAR FONTAINE, LYON, MISS. 

My Dear Comrade: Knowing that the many histories taught 
in our public schools in the South have all been "blue- 
penciled" by interested parties, who are inimical to us, and 
who have permitted just enough of the truth to creep into 
their pages to make the lies stick and to place the Confed- 
erate soldier, as well as our entire people, in a false light be- 
fore the world, don't you think that it would be a good idea 
for the principals or teachers of all our public schools, col- 
leges, and institutions of learning to devote, say, one or two 
Friday evenings of each month during the school term to the 
teaching of Southern history? In nearly every community 
there are a few old Confederate soldiers left alive, some one 
of whom could be selected to relate to the children some in- 
cident of their experience, some battle scene or chapter that 
would illustrate the spirit that animated the soldiers of the 
South in the cause for which we contended in those dark 
days of the sixties. On each occasion the subject for the sub- 
sequent day could be selected and the facts be carefully pre- 
pared in advance. In this way a deep interest could be 
aroused and the whole school and the community brought to 
a correct knowledge of our righteous cause. 

Some of these lecturers would improve rapidly by ex- 
perience and some would attract the attention of other com- 
munities, who would secure their dissertations. Thus 
a deep interest would soon be taken, the impressive minds 
of the youth of our common country would be alert, and the 
stories of these old soldiers would take deep, patriotic root. 

[Comrade Fontaine's suggestions are well worth considera- 
tion. Such action would be helpful to the veterans. There 
are men in Soldiers' Home who would be benefited by the 
diversion and comrades of more successful careers who could 
do much in this way. Primary work would be for teachers 
to confer with veterans and show them the text-books in 



use, calling attention to historic data upon which they would 
like comment. In commending this suggestion the fact is not 
overlooked that many comrades are illiterate and cannot be 
expected to make talks worthy except in the mention of facts 
with which they are familiar. In this teachers, especially of 
country schools, might take the lead and much good be ac- 
complished. How much better this than the prevailing acri- 
mony about politics in which so much of ill will is engendered ! 
Concerning this latter theme, let us stand on the same pedestal 
from which we can see that the motives of those whom we 
have known so long are just as correct as ever before. — Ed.] 



INQUIRY CONCERNING COL. C. H. HERRICK. 

BY FRANK H. FOOTE, VICKSBURG, MISS. 

Won't the Veteran try to help me locate the former home 
and address of Col. Charles H. Herrick, who was in the army 
at Vicksburg in May, 1863? Colonel Herrick was assigned 
to command of the artillery of General Hebert's division at 
the opening of the campaign and siege of Vicksburg, and 
reported for duty on May 19, 1863. In a few hours there- 
after he was mortally wounded, and died some three days 
later. The object in getting a sketch of his nativity is to 
try and have placed in the Vicksburg National Military Park 
a portrait tablet to his memory and for his service as a Con- 
federate soldier. These portrait tablets done in bronze of 
life size are getting to be very popular among the old soldiers 
of both sides, also with their friends and relatives. The 
Park Commissioners are very anxious to learn something of 
Colonel Herrick, and any information relative to him will 
be greatly appreciated for the object in view as stated. 

To the person sending me information as to his former 
home I will gladly send some illustrated literature of this 
most beautiful of all the government parks, also twenty-five 
beautiful post cards of views of the park. 

[Comrade Foote's offer of remuneration for such informa- 
tion is altogether unnecessary. The Veteran has never heard 
of a comrade who did not respond to such inquiry if he could 
be of assistance. Colonel Herrick is reported as commander 
of the 22d (but formerly 23d) Louisiana Infantry. His name 
is mentioned "for gallant conduct" by Gen. P. O. Hebert.] 



Confederates in Congress. — "A Maryland ex-Confederate" 
calls attention to the omission of the name of Hon. J. Fred C. 
Talbott, of the Second Maryland Congressional District, from 
the list of ex-Confederates now representing the government in 
Congress. Mr. Talbott was a gallant Confederate soldier, 
and served with Harry Gilmore's 2d Maryland Cavalry, A. 
N. V. He has been in Congress some twenty years, and will 
be reelected again soon. Corrections of this kind are impor- 
tant and very much appreciated by the Veteran. 



The Sons of Veterans Camp at Owensboro, Ky., heretofore 
known as the W. T. Aull Camp, No. 182, has been changed to 
the W. T. Ellis Camp in honor of Capt. W. T. Ellis, a promi- 
nent and much-beloved citizen of Owensboro. This change 
was made in appreciation of his interest in the Camp and his 
zealous cooperation in its work. 



Confederate Banners Booklet. — Instead of an ordinary 
Christmas card, send our Confederate booklet as a greeting. 
Besides being a beautiful souvenir, it is an interesting bit of 
history concerning the Confederate flags. The lovely color 
group of flags is worth the price, twenty-five cents. Miss Mary 
L. Conrad, Harrisonburg, Va. 



Qopfederat^ Veterat). 



■/ 



GRACIE'S BATTALION .11 WILLIAMSBURG IN 1862. 

DATA FURNISHED BY HIS SON, ARCHIBALD GRACIE. 

In compliance with your request I relate what I know about 
that period in the history of my father, Gen. Archibald Grade, 
Jr., early in the great war when as major of the nth Alabama 
Regiment he was assigned an independent command of a bal 
talion composed of details from the various regiments of Wil- 
cox's Brigade. The sources of my information are derived 
from my correspondence with various veterans who were com- 
panions in arms of my father at that time. In particular I 
refer to Capts. N. J. Floyd and John C. Featherston. The 
former has written a historical novel, the first edition of which is 
entitled "Thorns in the Flesh," and the second edition appears 
under the title, "The Last of the Cavaliers" (Broadway Pub- 
lishing Company, 835 Broadway, New York). In both of these 
volumes, written in the form of a historical novel, are given 
a detailed description of this battalion and of its major, which, 
the author assures me, is taken from life, and that the im- 
portant incidents mentioned therein are absolutely true as re- 
gards Major Gracie and his command. 

During the spring of 1862 Wilcox's Brigade was encamped 
near Centerville, Va., when it was ordered to move to the 
Yorktown Peninsula, where a small force of Confederates were 
opposed to the advance of McClellan's great army. This spe- 
cial command of Major Grade's was made up of parts of com- 
panies taken from the first reinforcements sent to General 
Magruder, and was given the special duty of holding the cx- 
treme right wing of his defensive line across the Yorktown 
Peninsula and along the Warwick River; while General Mc- 
Clellan was rapidly extending his left with a view of out- 
flanking the Confederates and throwing a force across the 
Warwick River before the arrival of the bulk of General 
Johnston's army. 

In his letter of March 27, 1906, Captain Floyd writes me 
about this small battalion's part taken in this "siege of York- 
town," as it is called, and says : "It was a bold bluff, a few 
scattered platoons against a solid column which McClellan was 
using to feel his way; hut it was skillfully played and pre- 
vented an attack which would '. ave annihilated the special bat- 
talion and turned our right flank. Our only firing was some 
lively sharpshooting from day to day, from March 20 until 
1 In 3d of May. On the night of the latter date Major Grade 
quietly called his scattered platoons together, and we took 
the line of march for Williamsburg. The main body of the 
Confederate army was ahead of us." 

Captain Featherston on March 10, 1906, writes to the same 

effect : "Major ( iracie, of the nth Alabama, was put in command 

of a special battalion of live companies of Wilcox's Brigade. 

one from each regiment. Lieutenant Featherston, adjutant of 

the 9th Alabama, was ordered to report to Major Gracie with 

his detail of Company F, commanded by Capt. T. II. Hobbs, in 

which company Floyd ( since author of 'Thorns in the Flesh' 

and other books I was a lieutenant. This battalion was posted 

on the Warwick River near its confluence with the James 

1 licse companies were si lected by chance and not bc- 

of their fitness for any special du ies, because they had 

been tried effectually; but a liner body of soldiers were 

not to be found." 

Some of my information is derived from clippings from 
newspapers of war times in which Major Grade's command is 
spoken of as a battalion <,f sharpshooters which were given the 
l'o-t of honor on Warwick River, Major Gracie being thus 
honored by the commanding general who gave him this spe- 
cial command. Captain Featherston say.; that Major Gracie 
brought this battalion to a high degree of effi iency by fre- 



quent drills and target practice, yet they were not especially 
qualified as sharpshooters, armed as they were with old 
smoothbore muskets. 

It was while my father was stationed at this point that 
there occurred an interesting incident of a long-range con- 
versation across the river with a Federal soldier from Eliza 
beth, N. J. It was through this medium that he obtained 
the latest news about his family in New York. The incident 
is of interest in connection with the description in Captain 
Floyd's book of the details of a conversation which formed 
the basis for the account in his book. On the assurance of 
Captain Floyd of the historical accuracy of the statements 
made in his book on all main points which concern Major 
Gracie I take the liberty of transposing his account into a 
historical narrative: 

"In the early spring of the next year (1862), while the 
country was full of rumors of the impending advance of the 
'finest army on the planet' upon the camps of the Confed- 
erates around Manassas and along Bull Run, Wilcox's Bri- 
gade was hurried from its winter quarters and sent by long 
and hasty marches through Richmond and beyond to the 
Yorktown Peninsula. When the few troops first ordered 
to move turned their backs on the comfortable log cabins 
which had been their homes during the winter, the members 
of the 9th Alabama Regiment believed the movement to be 
the beginning of a general withdrawal to defensive lines 
around Richmond. 

"But when without a moment of delay they were hurried 
through that city and on to the vicinity of Yorktown, their 
hearts thrilled with joy, as they recognized that they were 
being used as a pawn in a wise and bold defensive move in 
the 'On to Richmond' international game of chess. General 
Wilcox's advance column found in the rifle pits near York 
town and along the Warwick estuary less than 11,000 troops, 
under General Magruder, holding a defensive line of more 
than twelve miles, extending from the vicinity of that ancient 
and historic town to the James River. In their front, and 
rapidly arriving and extending their solid lines, were three 
Federal army corps comprising ninety thousand infantry, ten 
thousand cavalry, and four hundred pieces of artillery. The 
necessity of making a show of strength along this lengthy 
defensive line until additional troops could arrive compelled 
the hasty formation of temporary battalions. Companies 
were divided into independent platoons, platoons into sec- 
lions, and all scattered under commissioned officers to guard 
extra vulnerable points." 

Before ending this account of Gracie's Battalion on the 
Warwick River, it may be of interest to record an instance 
of how frequently members of the same family were opposed 
to each other in battle on opposite sides in the two armies. 

After much investigation, I finally received a letter from 
Col. Charles Suydam which gave me the desired in I 
tion as to the identity of the relative with whom 
Gracie had the interesting conversation across the Warwick 
River. An excerpt from this letter reads as follows: "The 
event in 1862 to which you refer was this, as my mi 
serves mo: Keyes's Corps, of which I was chief of staff and 
assistant adjutant general, had the left of the army, with 
headquarters at the Warwick Courthouse, covering Warwick- 
Creek (or River) from its source to its confluence with 
James River, the center of the line being opposite to Lee' 
Mills. One evening there came to headquarters Lieut. Philip 
Clayton Rogers, just relieved from duty as officer of thi 
who reported to me that while on picket duty he had 
pleasant conversation across the lines with your father, from 



28 



Qo^fedcrat^ l/eterai). 



whom he had received a message of invitation to me to talk 
with him. Personally I would have been glad to do so, but 
General Keyes thought it not wise ; so I did not press the 
subject, and it ended there." 

Reference is here made to a second cousin of Major Gracie. 
Colonel Suydam, the writer of the letter, was also a cousin 
by marriage. 

From March to May this little Confederate army in their 
intrenchments confronted McClcllan's army, making prepara- 
tions for advance, with pick and spade digging their rifle 
pits and waiting for reinforcements, for McClellan asked of 
his government to send him sixty thousand more troops be- 
fore be prosecuted his movement on to Richmond via the 
Yorktown Peninsula. Unable to get these, he finally deter- 
mined to advance ; but the Confederates were on the watch, 
and on the very night before the Federal advance was planned 
the whole of the small Confederate army withdrew toward 
Williamsburg, the ancient capital of Virginia. 

It was very amusing to read about the pleasantries which 
were exchanged between the "Johnny Rebs" in their trenches 
and the "Billy Yanks" in the rifle pits in the Warwick 
marshes. The topography of the country was much changed 
by the construction of great earthworks, the remains of which 
are to be seen in that locality to-day. Very few casualties 
occurred, as the pickets of the two armies thus early in the 
war had agreements not to fire on each other under certain 
conditions. 

Grade's Battalion, according to the "War Records," was 
brigaded under General Kershaw, and the newspaper clip- 
pings of the time, which are in my possession, besides infor- 
mation obtained elsewhere, show that this small battalion 
was the rear guard of the Confederate army on its with- 
drawal up the peninsula. The masterly manner in which 
Major Gracie performed this service elicited the praise of 
the commander in chief, Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. 
Major Gracie profited by this experience in his ability to per- 
form similar services as a brigade commander under Genera! 
Bragg in the fall of this same year, 1862, and in 1863. 

In October of this year his brigade was the rear guard 
of the whole of Bragg's army in its withdrawal from Ken- 
tucky. So well was the service performed that General Bragg 
remembered it, and in the following year called upon this 
same brigade, then stationed at Knoxville, to join his army 
for the purpose of covering his retreat from Tullahoma. 

After twilight on May 3, 1862, while the Confederates with 
bayonets and tin cups were still working on their fortifica- 
tions, the distant sound of heavy wheels indicated that ar- 
tillery was being placed in position. Major Gracie had at 
this time received his orders to withdraw his battalion. The 
camp fires were left burning as usual, but the rumbling of 
wagon trains indicated the retirement of the whole army. 

The account of what followed I now quote again from 
Captain Floyd's book, substituting Major Grade's name as 
the commander of the battalion : "All night the march was 
kept up, the only command being, 'Close up, boys ; we will 
rest in the morning.' As the sun was about to rise the bat- 
talion emerged from a forest into a wide field containing two 
newly constructed redoubts. Many broad acres were already 
covered with weary troops cooking, eating, smoking, joking; 
but the great majority seeking in profound slumber the rest 
so greatly needed by all. Major Gracie was handed written 
orders that his battalion was to resume the march at noon 
and was to perform the duty of rear guard to the army, and 
he immediately gave his own orders that his men should he 
down for a six-hour rest." 



This rest, however, was only of short duration, and at the 
first roll of the drum the troops seized their guns and ac- 
couterments. Captain Floyd continues his description as 
follow'S : 

"As the battalion, now constituting the rear guard of the 
army, ascended the long hill rising to the plateau on which 
stands the ancient town of Williamsburg, founded one hun- 
dred years before the birth of George Washington, a soli- 
tary scout, who had come from beyond the forest, now nearly 
a mile to the rear, dashed by without deigning to notice the 
witty inquiries as to the cause of his haste and fired at him from 
the ranks. The command had entered the town, and, finding 
the balconies, doors, and windows filled with enthusiastic 
ladies, had commenced a rendition of the melodious and 
patriotic song of 'Dixie,' when this rider from the rear, evi- 
dently a courier, dashed by. To the shout from the rank-. 
'Don't run, Bud ; we'll not let them hurt you,' etc., he only 
responded over his shoulder: 'Where's General Johnston?' 
In the midst of the shouts of humorous information, 'Huntin' 
up the Buttermilk Rangers,' 'Tryin' to catch up with the 
Fried Chicken Squadron,' etc., a staff officer, coming from 
the opposite direction, halted the courier for a few hasty 
words and sent him speeding on his way again, as he himself 
spurred his horse forward and shouted to Major Gracie: 
'Right about ! Double-quick !' 

"At the same moment a shell, that had evidently come from 
a long distance, as the sound of the gun which sent it had 
not been noticed, burst in the air. In an instant everything 
vas changed. The men wheeled in their tracks and set out 
on the double-quick, changing the musical strains of their 
song to the wild, discordant shout which had already been 
noised around the world as the 'Rebel Yell.' Ladies wept 
and laughed alternately, wringing and clapping their hands 
hysterically; while a few, more impulsive than the majority, 
ran out on the pavements and, waving handkerchiefs, scarfs, 
and Confederate sunbonnets, added a musical mite to the 
hoarse roar from the masculine lungs. 

"Soon a cry came from the rear, 'Clear the way for the 
artillery!' and the rushing mass drifted to the left as a bat 
tery of four field guns, with their caissons drawn by six and 
four horses respectively, came thundering down the street 
at a full gallop. As the guns mounted the slight elevation 
southeast of the town a similar battery, belonging to the foe, 
dashed out of the forest beyond the field that had been the 
resting place of the troops, and bent its swift course toward 
the same redoubt which was the objective point of the Con 
federates. 

"Then commenced a desperate race between the two bat- 
teries with tin advantage, so far as distance and a smooth 
way were concerned, in favor of the foe. The staff officer, 
who had posted himself on the elevation to await the coming 
of the battalion, shouted to the captain — the gallant John 
Pelham— of the battery as the guns swept by: 'Drive into 
the redoubt ! Lock wheels with 'em if you must and fight 
'em hand to hand until the infantry gets there!' 

"But the wild shouts of the twenty drivers as they lashed 
their straining horses told that they comprehended the situa- 
tion and had already determined to stake all on the race. Leav- 
ing the road, which, in order to lessen the steepness of the 
grade, makes a wide detour to the right, the battery dashed 
down the hill in a straight line for the redoubt, over obstruc- 
tions of briers, bushes, stones, and gullies which it seemed, 
considering the speed at which they were moving, should have 
appalled the hearts of any human creature not daft from ex- 
citement. 



Qopf cdera t<^ l/eterai). 



29 



"A few minutes after the battery left the road the battalion 
arrived on the bill from which the race could be seen, and 
kept up a continuous shoul that was a -pur to their nun speed 
and cheered the artillery a- the guns floundered swiftly al >ng, 
swaying from side to side in crossing gullies diagonally, as 
first one wheel and then the opposite one would plunge half 
out of sight in a gully, and instantly spring aloft, scattering 
showers of ud earth and gravel, while -pinning for an in- 
stant in the air free of contact with the ground. 

"The opposing battery, probably appalled by such dare- 
devil recklessness, and seeing that a continuation of the race 
would result in a hand-to-hand struggle, gave up the contest, 
and. sweeping around in graceful curves, they formed battery, 
unlimbered, anil delivered a round before the Confederate 
battery could rush it- detached horses out of and behind the 
redoul t 'I he rapid firing and bursting of sh( IN from thi Fed 
n.d battery made a quick tattoo to the rhythm of which the 
Confederate gunners unlimbered. loaded, and delivered fire. 

"But instead of firing at the opposing batterj they sent theii 
shells over their head- to demofali e a blue line of infantry 
which was coming forward at a lively pace, and was apparently 
Forming for a charge. The Federal battery immediately 
adopted the same idea, and. training their guns on the bat- 
talion rating pellmell d..«n the bill. * * * they sent shut 
ami shell screaming and bursting overhead 

" '( hi the left by file into line!' shouted Major Gracie. The 
order was repeated by company officers, and at the word 
'March' a sergeant, who was leading the race, -prang to the 
left, bringing hi- gun to a 'present' with his back to the ap- 
proaching tide of humanity and stood a- rigid a- a statue 
'1 hi- action brought instant order nut of apparent chaos. The 
human Statue, which one might fancy had been turned into 
stone bj .1 gaze .it tie Medusa of War. seemed to act a- a 
liook upon which the drifting mob had caught. They whirled 
by; but halting in quick succession and facing t" the left, an 
orderly line grew out from him, a- a tangled streamer is 

straightened bj the wind, and every man and officer was in 
his prop< r place 
"The order was given to lie down, and was obeyed with at 

least the cu-ti>mar\ alacrity. * * * 

"\ few moments later Major Gracie galloped along the lin» 

and -aid to the men' 'The infantry are about to charge, boys. 

The) expect to drive us and get our battery. If we repulse 
and drive them, we shall get their battery.' 

"As the Majot spoke aline, appat ntly one full regiment, was 

een advancing at a quid step, evidently with the intention if 

charging. The Confedi rati battery in the earthwork, seeing 

commenced to throw grape and canister; but the 

angry swish of the -mall missiles seemed onlj 1 1 add to the 

ipeed and determination of the advancing foi 

" \t tin- moment Majot Gracie called, 'Attention !' and in an 

instant every man was on hi- tut and the order given to 

advance. 'I he officers cautioned their men to reserve their 

11 <!■■ 1 range, as their guns were but litth better thai 

tnd iily chiefly upon the baj .ant 'hire and 

■ 'lit- d lib Majot . and the noise ii "in ovet 

hundred hhmdeil.n i and yells from a- many throats min- 
gled with the din 

"'the advancing masses of the enemy reel ;er, a 

starrj banner fall-, a gallant officer 1- unhorsed, militat 

he-ion i- lost, ft ii nil- and I'" muiel. .in 1 : 1 11 [gli 1 
brief moment, while the iron throated monarch- nf battle ar 

awed mt" sili 1 

"Amid tin' din a -hunt i- heard: 'Rally "ti the batl 
Blue and gray commence a headlong race for tin I 



guns, but there is to he no rally fur the blue. To the rear is 
heard the thundering tramp of horses, and a squadron 
federate cavalry that had ridden live miles in twenty minutes 
on the return track dashes upon the scene, sweeps the field, 
and with wild yells carries the pursuit t<>. through, and beyond 
the forest, until the angry front of heavy columns of infantry 
compels a halt and necessitate- a reconnoissance, 

"Soon returning columns of Confederate infantry on tb • 
double-quirk begin to arrive and to f arm a hasty 1 attic line 
eastward of the red PUbtS, while squads of prisoners are brought 
in from beyond the forest, where the sound of skirmish 1 bj 
the cavalry is still heard. 

"When the battalion returned to 'be redoubt I" colled the 
wounded wdio were able to march, they were ordered In move 
forward and camp in a large field five mile beyond Williams- 
burg. \- thej ascended the hill they met General Longstrect 
and his staff returning ahead of his corps to the scene of the 

skirmish, there t<> hold three Federal army corps in check 
for forty hours and to teach them in a bloody battle on the 

next day what terribly destructive power an outnumbered 

Confederate force could put into a Parthian blow. 

"Idie next morning a- the battalion moved out of camp the 
men heard the heavy roar of artillery five mile, in their rear, 
where Long-tree! was commencing his brilliant battle which 
was to be a desperate Struggle for nine mortal hours; and 
miles ahead they heard the limnii of heavy artillery from 
gunboat batteries on the York I\i\cr near liarhamsville, where 
the Federal commander was making an earnest effort to block 
the only line of march available for the Confederates, .ml 
thus cut them off from Richmond." 

In the foregoing sketch of this battalion in regard to the 
accuracy of the information which has been obtained from 

Captain Floyd's look I quote the following statement from 
a letter that he wrote to me about it : "In describing it I used 
lb' novelist's license to only a limited extent, and ever) woid 
.nil of your father is literally true." 
Captain Floyd makes, however, one exception, for in his 
book he describes the frantic charger ridden by Major Gracie 
as having been shot under him, such not being the case. 

\- Captain Floyd was among the sick and wounded on tho 
6th of May, he set out for Richmond. "I never had the 
pleasure," he says, "of meeting my gallant friend again II- 
went to tin pd Alabama a- col Miel. and later I went to the 

Trans-Mississippi Department a- a captain of the general 
As a soldier and as a gentleman your gallant father had the 
1 respect and admiration of ever) officer and man in 
the battalion." 

Capt. J. C. Fcathcrston was the one who first wroti to mi 
and called attention to Floyd's book (Floyd and Featherston 
an brothers-in-law), and his correspondence with me 
that he is in full accord with all the statements of fact 1' 
- t forth; and 1 have -till further confirmation in a lett 

comrade who probably never -aw the bonk in question — 

vi?., Scrgt. G. I. Turnley, now an attorney at law at Cold 
Springs, Tin. who wrote to mi as follows: 
"1 noticed in the Confederate Veteran that you desire to 

In ar from some of the men who served under your I 

General Gracie, in the War between tin- State-. 1 remi 
him very well when be was in rl of Northern Virginia 

in the campaign from Yorktown retreating up the Peninsula 
to Richmond. There were. I think, two 
from my regiment, the loth Alabama of Wilcox' I 
which, with three other companies from other regiment 

tne brigade, were united and placed under comma: , ! 

Gracie and called G Battalion, It was called upon to 



30 



Qoi)federat^ l/eterai). 



cover the rear of our army on its retreat. The companies 
from the 10th Alabama were Company G, to which I be- 
longed, and commanded, I think, by Capt. Crogg G. Whatlev, 
and Company D, commanded, I think, by Capt. Frank Wood- 
ruff. 

"We reached Williamsburg late in the evening, and had 
marched a short distance into the city along the sidewalk 
when all at once we heard a small cannon from the enemy. 
Then we saw a courier dash down the street toward the open 
field from which we had just marched and from which 
direction the enemy were coming toward us. Following 
this courier came a Georgia regiment (I think it was) 
with a full brass band in front, all moving at a double-quick, 
the band playing. After they passed us, we were about-faced 
and double-quicked down the same street out into the field 
and formed line of battle, while the Georgia brigade had 
formed on the left of the road, we being on the right. Your 
father commanded us and formed the line in person. Bullets 
then began to whistle by us. Just at this time the enemy came 
into open view across the field. Pelham's Artillery then camp 
flying down the road, Pelham himself leading in full gallop, 
passing through our lines of battle right up to the front, where 
he planted his guns and opened fire on the enemy, drawing 
their artillery fire nearer in our direction. I well recall that 
one of the enemy's cannon balls passed directly over the neck 
of the large iron-gray horse ridden by your father. The con- 
cussion of the ball shook the horse terribly, so much so that 
your father came very near falling, but grasped the horse with 
both hands by the neck and held on. He was directly in front 
of the company to which I belonged. I was then, I think, only 
a sergeant. He was within five or ten steps and just in front 
of our line watching Pelham place his battery a few yards in 
advance of us. According to my recollections, this all oc- 
curred within one hour of sundown. We remained in line 
until about midnight, when we were relieved and marched 
back through the city, stacked arms, and slept till the next 
morning. 

"All our men were very fond of Major Gracie. Col. Wil- 
liam H. Forney, who commanded the ioth Alabama and was 
wounded and captured in that battle, was also a great friend 
of Major 'Archie' Gracie, as he called him. I could not help 
liking any man so highly spoken of as your father was by 
Colonel Forney. 

"The battalion remained with him on the retreat the rest 
of the way to Richmond, when the various details of it were 
returned to the regiments to which they belonged ; and having 
served its purpose, the battalion was disbanded." 

The battalion, as we note, did not participate in the battle 
of Williamsburg. While the men were very much exhausted 
in consequence of severe marching through the worst of muddy 
roads, it was not for this reason that they did not join Long- 
street's men in this rear guard action. After the skirmish, in 
which the Federals were repulsed and driven back, the Con- 
federate cavalry came up and one of Longstreet's brigades 
was thrown into line of battle in rear of Grafcie's Battalion, 
whose functions as the rear guard of the army were now 
ended. The field on which the battalion was ordered to camp 
was within a mile or so of a bend in the York River, up which 
the Federals were sending heavy forces upon boats for the 
purpose of landing a force higher up the Peninsula and cutting 
off the retreat in whole or part of the Confederate army. 
Major Gracie placed a picket line along the river, and, accord- 
ing to the information which Captain Floyd obtained from 
comrades, some lively sharpshooting prevented an attempt of 



the enemy to land during the night at the point where the bat- 
talion was posted. 

As the "Official Records" contain no information about 
Gracie's Battalion or this skirmish which preceded the battle 
of Williamsburg, it seems proper that we should collect from 
all authoritative sources whatever information we can in order 
to preserve in history the memory of the gallant deeds of 
these heroic Alabamians. 

I find in the "Southern Historical Society Papers," Volume 
X., pages 32 to 45, a "Sketch of Longstreet's Division — York- 
town and Williamsburg, by E. P. Alexander." The whole of 
this article is of great interest, but I will only refer to part^ 
of it that concern the statement made in this article and which 
also appertain to the history of Gracie's Battalion. He says 
that General Magruder's forces scarcely numbered 11.000 
men, 6,000 of whom formed the garrisons of the intrenched 
camps at Gloucester Point, Yorktown, and Mulberry Island ; 
while the remaining 5,000 were distributed on the line of the 
Warwick Creek, which headed within a mile of Yorktown and 
flowed across the Peninsula, here over twelve miles wide, and 
emptied into the James. Below Lee's Mill, six miles from 
Yorktown, no roads crossed the Warwick, and the tide ebbed 
and flowed in its channel. Above this point three dams, each 
defended by a slight earthwork, inundated the swamp nearly 
to its source ; but the inundations were frequently fordable, 
though averaging nearly one hundred yards in width. Such 
is the description of the locality where Gracie's Battalion was 
posted. 

On the 4th of April General McClellan arrived at Fortress 
Monroe and took command in person. He then had 58,000 
men and one hundred guns. With the small force at his dis- 
posal for maneuver General Magruder marched and counter- 
marched from point to point, and made such a parade and put 
on so bold a front that General McClellan, who seems in- 
variably to have seen Confederates double, imagined himself 
in the presence of a large force. By the 12th of April the 
Federal force present for duty exceeded 100,000 men. The 
Army of Northern Virginia, as Johnston's force was now desig- 
nated, was moved to the support of Magruder's small force 
on the Peninsula, and the united Confederate forces now num- 
bered 53,000. 

These forces were positioned as follows : D. H. Hill's divi- 
sion at Gloucester Point, Yorktown, and the adjacent re- 
doubts, Longstreet in the center, and General Magruder's di- 
vision on Longstreet's right, holding the Warwick and em- 
bracing what was known as Dam No. I and Lee's Mill. Gen- 
eral Smith's division was held in reserve. 

General McClellan did not take the offensive, but started 
on a regular siege after suffering a small repulse on the 16th 
of April. Meanwhile the Confederates devoted themselves to 
strengthening their position in every way, duly expecting to 
be attacked. The sufferings and hardships endured during 
this period are best described in General Magruder's official 
report: "From the 4th of April to the 3d of May this army 
served almost without relief in the trenches. Many companies 
of artillery were never relieved during this long period. It 
rained almost incessantly. The trenches were filled with water. 
No fires could be allowed. The artillery and infantry of the 
enemy played upon our men almost continuously, and yet no 
murmurs were heard. The best-drilled regulars the world has 
ever seen would have mutinied under a continuous service of 
twenty-nine days in the trenches, exposed every moment to 
musketry and shells, in water up to their knees, without fire, 
sugar, or coffee, without stimulants, and with an inadequate 
supply of cooked flour and salt meats. I speak of this in 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap 



31 



honor of those brave men whose patriotism made them indif- 
ferent to suffering, to disease, to danger, and to death." 

General Alexander adds his corroboration of the fact that 
these statements "are not exaggerated in a single word." He 
says : "The trenches, which were principally on the flat and 
swampy land bordering the Warwick, filled with water as fast 
as opened, and could not be drained. Yet the continuous firing 
compelled the men to remain in them, and at points where they 
were visible to the enemy a hand or a head could not be ex- 
posed for a moment without receiving a bullet from the tele- 
scopic target rifles with which many of the Federal sharp- 
shooters were armed and which could be relied upon to hit 
a button at two hundred and fifty yards. The trenches were, 
moreover, so hastily constructed that they barely afforded 
room for the line of battle to crouch in, in many places 
egress to the rear being impossible from the severity and ac- 
curacy of the sharpshooters' fire; and locomotion to the right 
and left being extremely difficult through the crowds huddled 
together in the water, they soon became offensive beyond de- 
scription. Fires were strictly prohibited by day and night. 
The scanty rations, generally miserably cooked at the camps, 
were brought into the trenches at night and distributed. False 
alarms at night were of common occurrence, and would often 
result in tremendous volleys of musketry. The sick list in- 
creased by many thousands, and cases occurred where men 
actually died in the mud and water of the trenches In-fore they 
could lie taken out to the hospitals. And not only was there 
no murmur of complaint, but in the midst of all this the 
terms of enlistment of a large part of the army expired, and 
they at once reenlisted for 'three years or the war.'" 

This description of the trenches along the Warwick River 
had its counterpart two years later in Petersburg, and calls 
to my mind what is said of the men of Grade's Brigade occu- 
pying the line of Hare's Run who frequently during times of 
freshet were compelled to stand in water at times for more 
than twenty-four hours nearly up to their waist with their 
camp equipage floating around, and "their only concern being 
to keep their powder dry." | Shaver's "History of the Sixtieth 
Alabama Regiment, Gracie's Brigade."] 

The experience here gained by Major Gracie was undoubted 
ly most valuable to him in the construction of the lines and 
trenches cast of Petersburg with which he had to do from 
their first inception on June 17 until the time of his death, on 
December 2, 1S64; for these lines east of Petersburg from 
the Appomatto - River to the Jerusalem Plank Road, all of 
which he commanded at one period, bear such names as 
"Gracie's Dam," "Gracie's Mine," "Gracie's Mortar Hell," and 
"Gracie's Salient," indicating the amount of construction work 
fathered by him. in the building of which he had previously 
obtained practical experience two years before in the trenches 
On t lie Warwick River. 

It is a pleasure to turn from General Alexander's account of 
hardships to the story of Mrs. Sallie A. P. Putnam. 
"Richmond During the War." page Il8, where she describes 
the passage of the Army of Northern Virginia through Rich- 
mond to the relief of Magrudcr's forces enduring such un- 
paralleled hardships at Yorktown. 

"It was a day," she says, "which will long be remembered 
by those who were in the city It was known that tiny were 
on their way to the Peninsula, and f >r days they had been 
expected to march through the 'treets of the capital. The 
greatest interest and excitement prevailed. The morning was 
bright and beautiful in the early spring, balmy with the odors 
of the violet and hyacinth, and the flaunting narcissus, the 
jonquil, anil myriads of spring flowers threw on their party- 



colored garments to welcome the army of veterans as they 
passed. From an early hour until the sun went down in the 
west the steady tramp of the soldiers was heard on the streets. 
Continuous cheers went up from thousands of voices ; from 
every window fair heads were thrust, fair hands waved snowy 
handkerchiefs, and bright eyes beamed 'welcome.' Bands 
of spirit-stirring music discoursed the favorite airs — 'Dixie's 
Land.' 'My Maryland,' 'The Bonny Blue Flag,' and other 
popular tunes — and as the last regiments were passing, we 
heard the strains of 'Good-By,' and tears were allowed to 
flow and tender hearts ached as they listened to the significant 
tunc. Soldiers left the ranks to grasp the hands of friends 
in passing, to receive some grateful refreshment, a small bou- 
quet, or a whispered congratulation. Officers on horseback 
raised their hats, and some of the more gallant ventured to 
waft kisses to the fair ones in the doors and window-." 

From this picture scene we return again to the seat of war 
and General Alexander's description of it. On the night of 
Srturday, the 3d of May, two days before the day appointed 
by McClellan for opening his batteries, the Army of Northern 
Virginia was quietly withdrawn from its intrenchments and 
put in motion up the Peninsula, whither for several days its 
impedimenta had been preceding it. A few hours before the 
evacuation commenced Gen. D. II. Hill opened a bombard- 
ment of the enemy's lines, which somewhat reduced the am- 
munition on hand and also served to prevent any suspicion 
of his departure. 

The enemy did not discover the retreat until sunrise on the 
4th, when they advanced with some caution to investigate the 
unusual quiet of the Confederate lines. 

The terrible condition of the roads rendered the night march 
very slow and laborious, and it was three o'clock on the 4th 
when the rear of the infantry reached Williamsburg, twelve 
miles distant. Meanwhile McClellan had organized a vigorous 
pursuit. The skirmish which ensued has already been de- 
scribed from the view-point of Gracie's Battalion and Pel- 
ham's Battery. The battle of Williamsburg occurred there 
on the next day, May 5; but, as already explained, Gracie's 
Battalion had been hurried on up the Peninsula in anticipation 
of the enemy's efforts to cut off retreat by landing a force 
higher up. 

After Longstreet had delivered his Parthian blow, no pursuit 
was attempted by tin enemy beyond sending a small force of 
cavalry, who followed the line of retreat for a few miles, pick- 
ing up broken-down skirmishers. 

As General John-ton expected to be attacked by the divi- 
sions which McClellan had thrown ahead of him at Eltham's 
Landing, near West Point, the march was hurried as much 
as possible, and on the 7th the whole army was concentrated 
at Barhamsville. It was at this time and place that an incident 
occurred, the truth of which I have hern many years in verify- 
ing. The story was first told to me by my aunt. Mrs. 1 
K. Gracie, a daughter of Governor Bullock, of Georgia, and 
an aunt of Ex-President Roosevelt, who married my father's 
brother. From this most excellent source I learned that she 
had met some member of General Lee's family who recounted 
vice- rendered at a critical period. 

The Lee family home was in the vicinity of the enemy, and 
some suggestion was made by the Federals oi capturing the 
ladies and sending them North as prisoners of war. 
at least was the story as told to me by my aunt as coming 
to her from a daughter of General Let; but perhaps it repre- 
sented only the fears of the ladies that they might meet with 
some such fate. Major Gracie with his battalion was in the 
vicinity; and when he heard of this proposed act of the enemy 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterai?. 



against innocent noncombatants, contrary to the laws of war, 
lie threatened in retaliation to put to death the Federal prison- 
ers within his hands. The ladies were then promptly de- 
livi red to Major Gracie ; and according to the description given 
by Mi^s Lee, she well remembers feelings of gratitude and 
the respect shown to her as the daughter of the future chieftain 
of the Confederacy when this gallant young officer called his 
battalion to attention and saluted her with a "present arms." 

There must still be living some member of this battalion 
who ought to remember this occasion, but my efforts to find 
one have thus far been unsuccessful. It was, however, only 
recently that I obtained some confirmation of the incident 
through a member of the Lee family residing in Alexandria, 
Va., who wrote : "It was Mrs. General Lee, Agnes, and per- 
haps Annie whom Major Grarie escorted from the White 
House en route for Richmond." From other authoritative 
sources, including a letter to me from Gen. G. W. C. Lee, I 
also have information that Mrs. General Lee was for a short 
time within the enemy's lines during the movement against 
Richmond in May and June. 1862. 

During the fall and winter of i85i Major Gracie had been 
authorized by the Confederate Congress to raise a regiment 
in Alabama, and during the spring of 1862 this 43d Alabama 
Regiment was organized while he was still on the Peninsula 
at Yorltown and on the Warwick River. Consequently we 
find among the "Official Records" of the Adjutant and In- 
spector-General's office the following: 

"Special Orders. Adjutant and Inspector General's 
Office. Richmond, May ', 1862. 

"Special Orders No. 105. Paragraph XII. Major A. Gracie, 
Jr.. is relieved from further duty with the nth Alabama Vol- 
unteers, having organized a regiment, and will immediately 
join said regiment in Alabama." 

After the receipt of these orders, he remained with the 
battalion until it arrived at the Chickahominy, where it was 
disbanded and the various companies returned to the regi- 
ments of Wilcox's Brigade, to which they belonged, and in 
June Colonel Gracie (having received this promotion") re 
turned to Alabama. 



BIBLES TAKEN DURING THE WAR. 

In the June Veteran there is an account of a Bible which 
was taken from the Atlanta Female Institute during the war 
and the desire of the present possessor, Capt. Paul Collson, 
to return it to the owner. A late Atlanta Constitution con- 
tains an account of the ceremonies attending the return of the 
book to Miss Amanda Mayson, who was a member of the 
class of i860, which had given the Bible to the institute. As 
Captain Collson could not be present, he delegated the presenta- 
tion of the restored book to Mr. Clark Howell, editor of the 
Constitution and Democratic National Committeeman for 
Georgia, who made a fine speech. 

P. S. Troutman, captain in the 89th Indiana Infantry, re- 
ports that while Gen. James B. Steadman was making recon- 
noissance the Federals were halted at Poplar Grove, in Frank- 
lin County, Tenn. The place was vacated, and the soldiers 
were taking what they wished from the houses. A man in his 
company came to Captain Troutman with a Bible which he 
said belonged to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and 
which was in danger of being destroyed if left where it was. 
Captain Troutman sent the book to his home by express, and 
at the end of the war returned it to the Church, to the great 
delight of its members. 



WHY THE BAND PLAYED AT FRANKLIN. 

HY S. C. TRIGG, LEBANON, TENN. 

Comrade Cunningham: In your address at the last anni- 
versary of the battle of Franklin before the Daughters of the 
Confederacy at that place you spoke of the music on the battle- 
field on that ever-to-be-remembered 30th of November, i86j. 
Capt. B. L. Ridley, of Murfreesboro, in r.is history also makes 
mention of this by saying the "band played." As I have never 
seen anything in print as to whose band made the music, 1 
will tell you in a brief way how it came about that we had 
music at the opening of this memorable battle. I was a mem- 
ber of Company C, 3d Missouri Infantry, Cockrell's Brigade. 

When we arrived on the hill in sight of Franklin on the 
Columbia Pike, we were filed to the right and halted in a skirt 
of woods and ordered to rest at will. The brigade remained 
in this position only a few moments, when it was ordered 
into line for an advancement. About this time Col. Elijah 
Gates rode up and called our attention to two lines of infantry 
in front of us, at the same time saying: "Boys, look in your 
front; \ve won't get a smell." When we saw this, we too 
thought we would have a walkover. 

Seeing the nice, smooth field between us and the enemy's 
works, the writer with many others called on the Colonel for 
music and for a brigade drill. To this he readily consented 
and so ordered. As soon as we started the band began to 
play, and continued until the enemy's batteries began to rake 
our lines. One man was killed (Taliaferro) and one wounded 
(G. A. Ewing, of my company) before the music ceased. 
When we were near the works, the first line or advance col- 
umn, wdiich had been repulsed, met us and passed back through 
our lines. I did not inquire and never learned to what com- 
mand the retreating troops belonged. 

The 1st Missouri continued its charge till we reached the 
obstruction of brush in front of the enemy's works, where we 
found Texans, Arkansans, Tennesseeans. We all worked to- 
gether making gaps through this obstruction. Near these gaps 
were piled the dead in heaps of four and five, some from all 
the above-mentioned States. The writer helped to arrange 
and bury our dead the next morning. We buried one hundred 
and nineteen of our men in one grave near the pike, between 
the cotton gin and pike where we did our fighting. There 
were only three commissioned officers left in our brigade, one 
major, two lieutenants, and about one hundred men for duty. 

The writer was at Carthage, Springfield, and Lexington, 
Mo. ; Elkhorn Tavern, Ark. ; Iuka, Corinth, Port Gibson, 
Baker's Creek, Big Black, and the siege of Vicksburg, Miss. ; 
in front of Sherman from Rome, Ga., to Lovejoy Station, Ga. ; 
in rear of Sherman, battle of Allatoona Mountains, Franklin; 
then to Mobile and Blakely, Ala., where we surrendered April 
9, 1865. In all the above-mentioned battles and S'eges 1 
never experienced anything equal to the battle of Franklin. 



Giving Their Names Correctly. — D. Cardwell, of Stuart'3 
Horse Artillery, writes from Columbia, S. C, September 12. 
1910: "The 'History of the Laurel Brigade,' Army of Northern 
Virginia, in describing Stuart's predicament at Auburn, near 
Warrenton, Va., October 13, 1863, states that when he found 
himself nearly surrounded by Meade's army he sent out selected 
men to go through the enemy's lines and to tell Gen. Fitz Lee 
of his condition. Among those he selected were two splendid 
men from my company. One was Ashton Chichester, of 
Fairfax, Va., and the other was Sergeant Shirley, of South 
Carolina. On page 193 their names are given as 'Ashtou. 
Chester, and Sharley.' They got through and did their work, 
and yet their only recognition gives their names incorrectly." 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



33 



COMPILER OF WHEELER'S CAVALRY HISTORY. 

BY PRIVATE W. C. DODSOt:, ATLANTA, '.A. 

In the October VETEKAN my old friend, Gen. Irvine C. 
Walker, pecks to reenforce Lieutenant Saussy in his attack 
upon statements contained in "Campaigns of Wheeler and [lis 
Cavalry." The letter nf Dr. J. A Lewis, which comprised 
the essential part of my ar'ic'.e in the September Veteran, 
was so able and conclusive that it seems to have convinced 
even General Walker that it was Wheeler's Cavalry, and not 
Butler's, who burned Broad River Bridge. This letter gave 
smh a complete and comprehensive description of the military 
operations in and around Columbia just preceding its capture 
by the Federals that it should set ai rest the other disputed 
statement that every gun fired in defense of thai city was by 
Wheeler's Cavalry and convince even the most skeptical that 
this if not literally was substantially true. 

Dr. Lewis writes me that he is averse to any further con- 
troversy on this subject; that, having written what he knows 
to be the facts, he leaves to others to believe or nol ai their 
sense of fairness may dictate. I too deprecate controv 
and have little time and less incb'lldt'On to indulge in them. 
But since an effort is being made to discredit statements 
printed in a hook for which I have assumed responsibility, 
there is no alternative left me hut to continue my efforts to 
vindicate their truth. I have received other letters than the 
one from Dr. Lewis from men who participated in the stirring 
events described which fully sustain our position. One of these 
is from a member of the same command with Lieutenant 
Saussy. whom I introduce as another "witness for the defense." 

Letter of Me. C. M. Calhoun. 

Greenwood, S. C. 

Mr, W. C. Dodson, Atlanta, Ga.: I have just recently read 
with great interest in th • Columbia Stab your account of the 
burning of the Broad River Bridge, near Columbia, it being, 
it seems, a reply to something Mr. Clement G. Sail ■< 

Savannah, had written of the same affair crediting Gen. M. 
C. Butler's division with having accomplished the died. Being 
a member of General Butler's command, and being present 
with that command from start to finish and always desirous 
of keeping the record Straight, I will relate wiiat I know 
about that dark and stormy period of the early spring of 1S05. 

Butler's Division, composing Butler's old brigade and Gen 
P. M B Young's Georgia brigade, returned from Virginia 
and rendezvoused in Columbia about two weeks before Sher- 
man made his entry through her gates. Rutler's old brigade, 
to whi.h I belonged, pitel I camp on the Levington side, 
down the river some two miles below the Congaree liridge, 
where we remained mr.il Sherman's p.dvaiii on the city. If 
there was any lighting by anj of < mr men while on thai 

1 littli 1 in.' ' 1 w miles down the river, I am 

in t aware 1 f it. 

Late on tin evening of February 10 we crossed over the 
Congarei Bri Ige (which had been well prepared fot bun 
to the Columbia side, takin: position alcng down the old 
South Carolina Railroad Some lime after dark tin- 1 
was burned by 'mr men. Vfter daylight tl made their 

appeai.;: 1 on th in- side south ol when the bridge 

bad been, planted a battery, and commenced shelling the city. 

While mi th.- Columbia side we were ordered down the river 

several mile., hut returned soon after and in i' 1 ' a hal 
the Si mi the riverside. While then I shells 

strtuk the Capitol buildinp, and somi 1. 'i imong us Our 
next position w. ;.hun. with the head ol our column 



resting on Boundary Street, about three blocks below Main 
or Richardson, on which the enemy was enterirg the city. 
It was said that General Hampton intended charging thetr 
column ; hut General Beauregard, who was chief in command, 
would not permit it. 

» Our column remained in this position until the head of 
Sherman's forces had reached some distance down the street 
they were advancing on, when we retired, making a stop at 
the eld Charlotte, where we remained about an hour. The 
city by this time was occupied by the enemy. After a very 
slow march, our command went into camp at Lillian's Mill. 
seven miles from Columbia, where soon after dark we could 
see the city in llames. 

Now I cannot say whether Gen. P. M. B. Young's brigade- 
was detached from Butler's old brigade and occupied a posi- 
tion up the river or not, hut hardly think so. I think Mr. 
Saussy has gotten things a little mixed It was the Congaree 
Bridge, I know', that Butler's men hurned, for I was there 
and saw that, and know nothing of the Saluda Bridge. 

I fail to sec any honor attached to those who burned the 
bridge or resisted the enemy's entrance into the city of Co- 
lumbia. As our force was so small, p might have been better 
not to have resisted the enemy. 



General Walker asserts that he was present at the capture 
of Columbia; that there was also a large number of other 
troops besides Wheeler's there concentrated — infantry, cav- 
alry, and artillery — who participated in the defense of the 
city. In this assertion no new light is thrown on the situation, 
as it is well known to all who arc conversant with the his- 
1 this period that the remnant of the Army of Tennes- 
see was being concentrated in and near Columbia, and Dr. 
Lewis's letter stated that there was no general battle fought 

iii defense of South Carolina's capital. 

I cheerfully admit that General Walker was present with 
his regiment and brigade, including his statement that he 
''spent the day loafing about the -nn. nf Wlval'm's Battery," 
which his regiment was supporting; hut had he been out with 
Wheeler's Cavalry, he would have found scant opportunity 
for "loafing." 

It is also admitted that General Butler was on the line, as 
lu g ave orders t.> some of Wheeler's regiments. Colonel 

Dibrell's report mentions that Butler ordered an attempt to 

hold the bridge over Congarei- ("nek. while be (DibrelD 

1 to cut it down and that it was "too wet t" hum," 

Major Austin, commanding the < it li Kentucky Cavalry, also 
relates that he was ordered by General Butler to charge a 
force about live limes his strength, that he promptly ordered 
his nun forward, but he remarked to General Butler: "It 
will be the last charge the regiment will ever make." I 
nately the order was countermanded 

I must remind General Walker that between bein 
nt of an enemy, even in line of battle, and actual 
ing there is a wide difference, and I ask him I" kindlj tell 

,1 11 pari of this force he mentions was actually en 1 in 

action, naming the regiments and brigades, stating when and 
b] v ■ 1 1 i.li.. and under whose command. You 

I . i om "i the 1 1 adi 1 1 >i thi Vei 

II Missouri" (and wish to be shown) 

d in the p mpaigns of Wheeler and 

ivalry," much time was given to comparing every im- 
1 ot 1. mt stati mi nt therein « ith tin >rds in an ■ 

to render our book as nearly historically correct as possible. 

1 have gone carefully over tho dates 



34 



Qopfederat^ Veterai), 



of February 15, 16, and 17, 1865, and I can find nothing that 
in an}' way sustains the claim that other cavalry or infantry 
or artillery than Wheeler's were at any time or in any way 
engaged in defense of Columbia. I therefore ask General 
Walker to submit what evidence he has to sustain his asser- 
tion to the contrary. 

At the risk of introducing into this discussion matter not 
altogether pertinent I feel constrained to mention the fact — 
sufficiently conspicuous to be entitled to consideration if not 
significant — that every criticism I have seen in print of the 
career of Wheeler's Cavalry in the Carolinas has emanated 
from a South Carolinian or men who served with Butler's 
Division of Hampton's Cavalry. The author of "Hampton 
ind His Cavalry" goes out of his way in an attempt to belittle 
the rank of General Wheeler and criticise his command. 
General Butler's biographer goes practically over the same 
ground and gives three articles from General Butler himself 
in discussing an expedition in which they were jointly en- 
gaged, and he claims all the glory for his own command and 
lays all the blame for failure upon Wheeler's Cavalry. 

Why is this? I am aware of no effort ever made by any 
one connected with Wheeler's Cavalry to diminish the luster 
of any achievement of General Butler's division. 

It is well known that Wheeler's Cavalry was practically the 
only force -that opposed Sherman in South Carolina, and that 
their efforts saved many thousands of dollars' worth of prop- 
erty from destruction, many of the homes of her people from 
the torch, and many women from a fate worse than death. 

There is no part of the career of my old command of which 
I am more proud than that they hung on the flanks and rear 
of Sherman in his much-vaunted "march to the sea," and 
where his "bums" were encountered while burning houses 
and ravishing women our men gave no quarters. Many pages 
of the Official Records are filled with complaints from Sher- 
man and Kilpatrick to Hampton and Wheeler about our cav- 
alry killing their men, and many met the fate they deserved 
of which there was no official cognizance. 

It is not claimed, as rather sarcastically intimated by Gen- 
eral Walker, "that Wheeler's Cavalry did everything;" it is 
not claimed that they did more than their duty in any service 
they were called upon to perform ; but they did all that is 
claimed for them in the matters we are discussing and all 
that is claimed for them in the book that is being criticised. 

I regret that I must notice a part of the closing paragraph 
of Mr. Calhoun's letter, in which he states: "I fail to see any 
honor attached as to who burned the Broad River Bridge or 
any resistance made to the enemy's entrance into the city," 
etc. I am sorry he wrote this, for I appreciate his letter and 
feel the more grateful for his testimony because it was dis- 
interested and in "keeping the record straight." I believe, 
though, he will agree with me that when a soldier obeys the 
orders of his superiors at the risk of his life, whether in a 
great battle or in a skirmish, honor should be accorded him. 

In nothing I have written have I been actuated by any 
desire to claim that my command did more while yours did 
less than their duty in defense of a cause that was dear to 
us all. 

It was simply the fortune of war that the horsemen from 
Kentucky, Texas, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee should 
be called upon to defend the soil of South Carolina. Whether 
the service rendered by Wheeler's men was good or ill, their 
patriotism cannot be questioned, for these men were vet- 
erans; and in following the failing fortunes of the Confeder- 
acy many of them had literally passed by the doors of their 



own homes in other States. And when the end came, their 
depleted ranks bore testimony that, 

"While some gave much and lived, 
Others gave all and died." 



HARD FIGHTING AT HARRIS BURG. 

BY T. W. SMITH, LEXINGTON, MISS. 

Comrade F. H. Holloway in his remarks about the battle 
of Harrisburg in the November Veteran, page 526, is mis- 
taken as to the strength of the regiment when he puts it at 
one hundred and twenty-eight men. The actual number en- 
gaged in the battle was two hundred and seventy-nine. This 
information I had from Sergt. Maj. J. N. (Nick) McLean, 
who was acting as adjutant after Adjutant Ware was wounded 
in that battle. It was taken from the morning report of 
the orderly sergeant. I counted the men in line the next 
day, and there were just thirty-eight, besides Captain Green, 
the only commissioned officer present. 

Lieutenant Colonel Jones substantially corroborates my fig- 
ures : "The 38th Regiment made the charge that day with 
about three hundred men, rank and file. Forty-four escaped un- 
wounded. Every field and line officer was either killed or 
wounded except Jasper Green, now a Baptist minister. The 
little remnant of survivors rallied around him in a thicket 
(called 'little hollow' by Comrade Holloway), not over fifty 
yards from the intrenched line and a four-gun battery of the 
enemy. Colonel Mabry ordered him to renew the charge, and 
his reply, as I was afterwards informed, was : 'Colonel, we 
have exhausted every round of ammunition ; but if you say 
so, we will try again with empty guns.' Nothing could be 
more Spartanlike than this. They were ordered back, and 
retired in good order. Gen. S. D. Lee does the men who 
made the charge at Harrisburg but simple justice when he 
says that he never saw soldiers fight better. Except in the 
numbers engaged, Pickett's charge at Gettysburg did not ex- 
cel the desperate charge of Mabry's Brigade at Harrisburg. 
Nor did the famous charge of the Light Brigade at Balaklava 
equal in desperation that of the 38th Mississippi Regiment, if 
we may judge by the percentage of loss incurred by each." 

The distance from our line spoken of by Comrade Hollo- 
way as about twenty feet from the enemy is about correct, 
though possibly a little more. Colonel Jones's idea of "not 
over fifty yards" is wide of "the mark," as I went over the 
ground the day after the battle. 



Comment on the Battle of Gettysburg. — Gen. Louis G. 
Young, of Savannah, Ga., who was on the staff of General 
Pettigrew at Gettysburg, writes: "The article on Gettysburg 
by June Kimble in the Veteran for October is a valuable con- 
tribution to history; but there are, as always in such accounts, 
mistakes of more or less importance. On the third day the 
remnant of Archer's Brigade was on the extreme right of 
Heth's Division, but the guiding command was Pickett's Divi- 
sion. Again, Fitzhugh Lee's command was to have covered 
our retreat, but did not, therefore does not deserve the praise 
given to its commander. Nor did Archer's men surround 
General Pettigrew, who was alone when he fell, until I went 
up to him and had him removed from the spot where he had 
fallen. But these are comparatively minor matters. You will 
notice that the furthermost point reached on the third day is 
claimed for Archer's command. This claim is made by the 
Virginians, Tennesseeans, and North Carolinians. They were 
all together and deserve equal praise." 



(^OQfederati^ l/eterai) 



35 



REPORT OF MRS. ROY W. M'KINNEY, TREASURER 

SH1L0H MONUMENT COMMITTEE U. D. C, 

FOR YEAR ENDING NOVEMBER, 1910. 

Alabama Division, U. D. C. 

Chapters : Marengo Rifles, Demopolis, $2.50; Raphael 
Semmes, Auburn, $2.50; Alabama Division, U. D. C, $10; the 
Tuscumbia, $5; the Tuskegec, $2; the Mobile, $5; Alabama 
Chapter, Camden, $1; James D. Webb, Greensboro, $2; the 
Troy, $5; Pelham, Birmingham, $2; Virginia Clay Clopton, 
Huntsville, $2; Father Ryan, Greenville, $1; James Canty, 
Seale, $2; John B. Gordon, Wetumpka, $1 ; Mat Mahon, Hart- 
sells, $1 ; Josiah Gorgas, Montevallo, $1 ; R. E. Rhodes, Tusca- 
loosa, $3 ; Cradle of Confederacy, Montgomery, $2; John T. 
Morgan, Talladega, $2. 

Personals: Mrs. A. W. Newsom, Huntsville, $5; check 
through Mrs. A. B. White, Director General, $8. 
Arkansas Division, U. D. C. 

Personal: Mrs. L. C Hall, Dardanelle, $5. 

Chapters: R. E. Lee (pictures), Conway, $5; J. H. Berry, 
Bentonville, $2.50; James F. Fagan, Benton, $1; W. C. Sloan, 
Imboden, $1. 

Sparks-Walton Camp, U. S. C. V., Fort Smith, $5 

Arkansas Division, U. D. C, $5; Mrs. Forney-Smith, first 
President Arkansas Division, Hope (now Little Rock), $5. 

Cash from Mrs. L. C. Hall, Director Arkansas Division, 50 
cents. 

California Division, U. D. C. 

Chapters: Jefferson Davis, San Francisco, $30; Gen. J. E. 
B. Stuart. Riverside, $5; Albert Sidney Johnston, San Fran- 
cisco, $25 ; Gen. John B. Gordon, San Jose, $3 ; Robert E. Lee, 
Los Angeles, $5 ; George D. Brooks, Sacramento, $10; the 
Los Angeles, $10. 

Colorado Chapter, U. D. C. 

Chapter: Margaret H. Jefferson Davis Hayes, Denver, $5. 

Personals: Mr. J. Addison Hayes, Colorado Springs, $2.50; 
Judge Ben B. Lindsey, Denver, $5. 

Exchange from Director of Florida Division, U. D. C, 
$233.17; cash, $2.83; the Gainsville Chapter, $10. 
Georgia Division, U. D. C. 

Chapters: The Tennille, $1; Liberty, Flemington, $1; the 
Thompson, $5; the Americus, $5; the College Park, $1; N. B. 
Forrest, Rome, $5; Clement A. Evans, Brunswick, $5; Hous- 
ton County, Perry, $5; Sidney Lanier, Macon, $25; the Monti- 
cello, $5; the Vienna, $2; the Rome, $5; Margaret Jones, 
Waynesboro, $5 ; the Newman, $5; Wayside Home, Millcn, $3; 
Fannie Gordon, Eastman, $1 ; the Maysville, $2.50; Fort Tyler, 
West Point, $1; Charlotte Carson, Tifton, $1; the Sylvania, 
$10; the Atlanta, $25; the Athens, $10. 

Personals: Mrs. J. N. Hazelhurst, Atlanta, $2.50; Mrs. E. 
G. MoCabe, Atlanta, $25. 

Ladies' Confederated .Memorial Association, Atlanta, $5: 
bank ex< hange from State Director, Atlanta, 10 cents. 
Illinois Division, U. D. C. 

Chapter ; Stonewall, Chicago, $25. 

Kentucky Division. U. D. C. 

Chapters: Crepps Wickliffe, Bardstown, $1; Clu 
County, Hopkinsvillc, $5; J. N. Williams, Murray, $10; 
Barrett. Ghent, $1 : Private Robert Tyler, Hickman, $5; Hen- 
rietta Hunt Morgan, Newport, $10; Richard Hawes, Paris, 
$4: the Earlington, $1 ; Warren Grigsby, Stanford, $5; Jef- 
ferson Davis, Guthrie, $1 ; Basil W. Duke. Henderson, $5; 
Albeit Sidney Johnston. Louisville, $50; Ben Hardin Helm, 
Elizabethtown, $1: Reginald H. Thompson, LaGrange, $2. 

Personals: Walker and Dudley English Casey, Hopkinsvillc. 



$1: Mrs. Roy W. McKinney, Paducah, $3.80; Miss Caby 
Froman, Ghent, $1 ; Mrs. Harry Ainslie, Louisville, $2. 
City National Bank, Paducah, $60. 

Louisiana Division, U. D. C. 
Telegraph check from Mrs. W. B. Blackmail, Alexandria, 
$16; New Orleans Chapter, $5. 

Mississippi Division, U. D. C. 
Mississippi Division, U. D. C, $25. 

Chapters: Charles Clark. Beulah, $15; J. Z. George, Green- 
wood, $10; Stephen D. Lee, Columbus, $10: T. D. Beal, Boone- 
villc, $5: the Raldwyn, $5; Yalobusha, Coffeeville, $5; Bedford 
Forrest, Hernando, $5; Private Taylor Rucks, Greenville, $5: 
Beauvoir, Riloxi, $5; Jefferson Davis, Yazoo City, $15. 

Personal: Mr. George Hazzard, Corinth. $5: personal dona- 
tion, $7; personal donation, $8. 

Missouri Division, U. I' I 
Chapters: Winnie Davis, Jefferson City, $10; the Spring 
field, $25; Emmet MacDonald, Sedalia, $5 ; M. A. E. McClure, 
St. Louis, $75 ; Carleton-Joplin, Caruthcrsville, $20. 
Lee pictim to Mrs. L. C. Reilly, St. Louis, $2.50. 
Personal : Mrs. Ella Robinson, St. Louis, $10. 

Maryland Division, U. D. C. 
Baltimore Chapter, Baltimore, $50. 

Minnesota Division, U. D. C. 
Portrait of General Lee sold by R. E. Lee Chapter, $2.50. 
R. E. Lee Chapter, Minneapolis, $5. 
A Northern sympathizer, $1. 

Nebraska Chapter, U. D. C. 
Miss Grace L. Conklin, Omaha, $1.50. 
The New York Chapter, U. D. C, $25. 

North Carolina Division, U. D. C. 
North Carolina Division, U. D. C, $5. 
Children of the Confederacy, Charlotte, $5. 
Chapters : Frank Bird, Windsor, $5 ; Confederate Grays, $1 ; 
Cape Fear, $10; Julia Jackson, $5 : Stonewall Jackson, $10; 
Winnie Davis, $1; Pamlico, ?;, : Ashtville. $1 ; Perquimans 
(schools), $2.23; A. M. Wadell, $5; Battle of Bentonville, $5; 
Perquimans. $2; Scotland Neck. $5: Annie Lee, $1; Roanoke 
Minute Men, $15. 
Interest, 90 cents. 
Gastonia Graded School, $6.05. 

New Mexico Division, U. D. C. 
Gen. Joe Wheeler Chapter, Roswell, $15. 

Oklahoma Division, U. D. C. 
Chapters: Jefferson Davis, Jr., Shawnee, $10; Thomas 
Willis, Sapulpa, $5; S. J. Wilkins, Altus, $5; Gen. Joe Wheeler, 
mer, $2.50. 

Oregon Division, \J. D. C. 
Portland Chapter, Portland, $10. 

Pennsylv \m a. 
Pennsylvania Chapter, U. D. C, Philadelphia Chapter, $10. 

South Carolina Division. U. D. C. 
Chapters: John Bratton, Winnsboro, $5; Mary Ann Bine. 
Johnstons, $2: John C. Calhoun, Clemson College, $5 
McMichael, Orangeburg, $5; Lottie Green, Bishopville, $5; 
Winnie Davis Yorkville, $5; the Chester, $3: Wad ' 
Columbia, $10; Moffatt Grcrn. Hue West, $5: Dick 
Sumter, $5: the Ridge Springs, $1 : Edward Croft. 
$2; the Charleston, $15; the St. George, $2; Mary Ann Bine. 
Johnstons, $2; Robert A. Waller, Greenwood, $5: John K. 
Mclvcr, Darlington, $2.50: the Pendleton, $16; the Abbeville, 
$2: Dixie. Anderson, $5; the Edgefield, $5: Michael Bricc, 
Blackstock, $2; the Greenville. $5; Arthur Manigault. George- 
town. $2; the Beech Island, $1 : the Pickens, $1 ; Lucinda 



36 



Qoi?federat^ l/eterai?. 



Saluda, $i ; the Chester, $5; William J. Gooding, Brunson, 
$2; John D. Kennedy, Camden. $5; Ann White, Reck Hill. $5; 
Williamsburg, Kingstree. $5; Black Oak, Pinopolis, $1 ; Wil- 
liam Lester, Prosperity, $1 ; John Hames, Jonesville, $20; Cal- 
vin Crozier, Newbern, $15. 

Given by delegates to first District Conference, Greenville, 
$4.20. 

Sale of Confederate banners by Miss Conrad, 36 cents. 
Personals: Mrs. A. T. Smythe, Charleston, $10; Mrs. J. 
Otey Reed, St. Georges, $1. 

Tennessee Division, U. D. C. 
The Knoxville, $5 ; Shiloh, Savannah, $13.25 ; J. W. Morton, 
Camden, $12.50; the Nashville, No. 1, $5; Col. John R. Neal, 
Spring City, $5; Mary Latham, Memphis, $10; John Lauder- 
dale, Dyersburg, $25; Joe Wheeler, Stanton, $5; Rassie H. 
White, Cottage Grove, $5; G. W. Gordon, Waverly, $5; Maury 
County, Columbia, $5: Winnie Davis, Columbia, $5; Clark, 
Gallatin, $5; Russell-Hill, Trenton, $14; N. B. Forrest, Hum- 
boldt, $12.50; Old Hickory, Dickson, $5; Dixie Auxiliary 
Crockett, Alamo, $5; Gen. A. P. Stewart, Chattanooga, $10; 
Francis M. Walker, St. Elmo, $5 ; Crockett, Alamo, $7; For- 
rest, Brownsville, $5; Musidora McCorry, Jackson, $10; Shi- 
loh (pictures), Savannah, $1 ; R. E. Lee, Puryear, $10; Shiloh, 
Savannah, $25 ; Mary Latham, Memphis, $5 ; Sarah Law, Mem- 
phis, $50 ; Robert E. Lee, Puryear, $23 ; General Forrest, Mem- 
phis. $10; Winnie Davis, Columbia, $25. 
Tennessee Division, U. D. C, $50. 

Persona's: Mrs. Henry A. Chambers, Chattanooga, $5; Mrs. 
Lettie Breedlove, Paris, $5. 

Bill Dawson Camp, U. C. V., Dyersburg, $25. 

Texas Division, U. D. C. 
Chapters: Navarro (pictures), Corsicana, $2.50; R. E. Lee, 
Houston, $5. 

Exchange from Mrs. Austin, Galveston, Director, $68.84. 

Virginia Division, U. D. C. 
Chapters : Wythe Grays, Wytheville, $1 ; Blue Ridge, Hamil- 
ton, $1; the Chesterfield, $1; Bethel, Newport News, $5; 
Greenville, Emporia, $2.50; New River Grays, Radford, $5; 
Southern Cross, Salem, $10 ; Robert E. Lee, Falls Church, 
$2.50; the Tazewell, $10; 17th Virginia Regiment, Alexandria, 
$50; Turner Ashby, Harrisonburg, $5; the Diana Mills, $3; 
the Surrey, $5; 8th Virginia Regiment, Haymarket, $2.50; 
Sallie Tompkins, Gloucester, $1; Dabney H. Maury, Phila- 
delphia, $5 ; the Scottsville, $1 ; Jubal A. Early, Rocky Mount, 
$3-50; the Richmond, $10. 

Personals: Rev. Giles B. Cook, Mathews C. H., $1; Miss 
Mary Amelia Smith, Warrenton, $10; Miss Jessie M. Graham, 
Tazewell, $1. 

General Organization. 
Check from Mrs. Tate (Houston Convention pledge), $1,000. 

Washington Division, U. D. C. 
Chapters: Dixie, Tacoma, $2; Mildred Lee, Spokane, $10. 

West Virginia Division, U. D. C. 
Chapters: The Morgantown, $2; the Shepherdstown, $10; 
Julia Beckwith Neal, Fayetteville, $10; the Hedgeville, S 2 ; 
the Lewisburg, $5. 
Interest, $155-65- 

Expense of Treasurer and Director General, $71.24. 
Total collections for 1908, $3,256.71. 
Total collections for 1909, $2,179.51. 
Total collections for 1910, $3,362.88. 
Total collections for three years, $8,799.10. 
Less total expenses for three years, $71.24. 
Total in hands of Treasurer, $8,721.86. 



WHAT A WAR INCIDENT TAUGHT A FEDERAL. 

Elwood S. Corser, who had been wounded and lay between 
the lines at Bloody Angle, in Virginia, on May 12, 1864, writes 
in the Minneapolis Tribune: 

"At early dawn we were facing the Confederate works at 
Spottsylvania C. H. Our charge was made through a tangled 
marsh and over legs and other obstacles. Our hard fighting 
in the Wilderness had thinned our ranks, and the two com- 
panies 'of my regiment which I led over the breastworks could 
not have numbered more than thirty men. We made a quick 
rush over the Confederate line, which, taken by surprise at 
that early hour, was giving way to right and left of the point 
where we struck it. By our successful rush a thousand Con- 
federates were broken and gathered as prisoners. Then we 
were met by a sweeping flank fire on our right from the 
works still held by the Confederates, and I fell with a gun 
shot wound in the left hip. Then came a rush from the 
Confederates, who regained their works. These they held 
during the day. One of the Confederates, a fine young fel- 
low of about sixteen or eighteen years, came rushing in with 
his comrades, reciting a patriotic monologue thus : 'We'll 
teach these Hessians to invade our soil!' 

"Having leisure for reflection, I reached some conclusions 
which have remained unchanged to the present time — viz., *hat 
the men of the North and the South who faced each other on 
the battlefields of the Civil War were equally sincere md 
patriotic in standing for their differing convictions. As I 
was surrounded by the Northern moral and political atmos- 
phere and was naturally in the Federal army, I saw that it 
could not be otherwise with me, nor did I wish it so; but I 
also saw that if I had been born and bred in Virginia or South 
Carolina I would have been standing clothed in Confederate 
gray, and, joining in the monologue of that fine type of the 
Southern soldier, recited by him as he rushed into the Con- 
federate works. 

"I feel that we are on the eve of a new era, when there is 
to be great harmony between the Federal and Confederate. 
I cannot stay to be a living witness to the correctness of this 
prophecy, but I feel it within me that it is to be so." 

LITERARY FEATURES OF "UNCLE TOM'S CABIN." 
(Matthew Page Andrews, in Baltimore Sun.) 

That Mrs. stowe achieved a marked degree of fame through 
her "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is, of course, true; but let any one 
with the smallest critical discernment read what she has other- 
wise left behind her, and he must concede on actual analysis 
that a large proportion of it, such as her "Lives of Self- 
Made Men," is not only crude, but positively puerile. 

Without further discussion of the latter, however, I return 
to Mrs. Stowe's masterpiece, "Uncle Tom." Although of New 
England descent in part, I was not brought up on the "his- 
torical lessons" of this class ; so a few years ago I purchased 
the book to study it for what I naturally assumed would prove 
its superior literary excellence. But I found to my great sur- 
prise that the novel, while at first interesting, was not excep- 
tional in execution ; and as the story progressed, it seemed to 
me that the style and plot development so deteriorated that 
my curiosity was aroused to examine the other writings of the 
author. I discovered that the style of these was markedly 
similar to the weaker passages in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." 



A Camp recently organized at Corpus Christi, Tex., with 
some twenty-one members has been named for Capt. H. R. 
Sutherland, who was of the 9th Alabama Infantry, Wilcox's 
Brigade. 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterai}. 



37 



THE FIRST FIRE IN CHAMBERSBURG. 

J!Y EDMUND BERKELEY, LIEUT. COL. 8rH VIRGINIA INFANTRY. 

Having read an account of the second lire in Chambers- 
burg as published in the Veteran for November, the effect 
of which was so different from that of the first one, I write 
briefly of (he first, which was started by me, or rather under 
my directions, and for the care that was taken to prevent 3rvy 
private property being injured by it 1 received the thanks of 
Some of the eiti/ens. 

Garnctt's Brigade, to which I was attached, must have been 
among the first of the Confederate army to reach Chambers- 
burg, I suppose, by the fact that we found a highly prized lot 
of groceries in a car on the track, including three sacks of 
Rio coffee, one of which was allotted t<> mj mess and which 
we enjoyed for many months afterward-. 

Having been ordered by General Garnett to take a detach- 
ment and de-troy the railroad shops located there, I was un- 
willing to lire them, and directed my men to take sunn heavj 
iron rails and puncture the walls of the large brick building 
in which the principal works were located. flic rails were 
very heavy, and required several men to wield them: but they 
pierced the wall- as a needle would cloth. Haymarket having 
been burned shortly before by a drunken party "f Blenker's 
men. every time a rail would pierce the wall of the large 
building the men would say: "Boys, remember Haymarket." 
After a long ^ lit was made in the wall, down it would come. 
There was a large turntable that withstood every effort of my 
men, armed with heavy sledges from the shops, to break; and 

Several COrds of wood piled near it, 1 directed the men 
!<■ place tin' wood on the turntable and set it on lire, and to 
be careful not to let it communicate to any of the private 
buildings near by. This was accordingly done, and the turn- 
table "a- in. idi s ' but that when it became cool it was warped 
anil entirely unserviceable. A few days afterwards a fellovi 
In bind the stone wall on Seminary llill punctured me about as 
I bad punctured the brick wall at Chamhcrsburg. 

17/7/) ./( in/ \ / OF Till: BLAIR HOUSE FIRE. 

BY PROF. MILTON w. HUMPHREYS, UNIVERSITY 01 VIRGINIA 

In the November Veteran there is a criticism of an article 
in tb< August number about the burning of the Montgomery 
Blair residence July 12, 1864. I do n, 1 wish to take part in 

anj controversy on tin- subject; but as I bad excellenl oppot 
tunitics if observing .mil the occurrences witnessed bj me 
show that both articles contain errors, I write a brief account 
of wdiat 1 positively know. 

I w.i nit at that time, acting as lieutenant in l'e\ in' 

Battery, 13th Battalion Virginia Light Artillery, and kept .1 
diary throughout the war. I quote from this diary: ".Inly 11. 
From the time we lift Rockville there was a continuou can 
nonade in front. * * * Vs socn a w< reached a point (on 
ith Moil 10. id 1 within hearing the rattle of musketry 
became audible. * * * A short time before sunset we ar- 
rived 1» lore Washington. 'I be enemj shelled slowly and 

nly with 24-pound howitzers. A considerable fu 
was maintained by the sharpshooters. The houses near 1 ur 
camp were all vacated. The residences of the Blairs were 
among tins,-. Our battalion encamped on Montgomery Blair's 
possessions. On the next day the skirmishing was resumed 
at an earl] hour. Our battalion moved into Blair's orchard 
1 by the house to th< 1 1st 1 Georgi Branham 1 now liv- 
ing at Ronceverte, W. Va I and mj eli started for some com 
on top of a hill 1 close b\ Silver Spring and between 
Montgomery Blair's and the Federal fortifications), and were 

shelled by a 24-pound howitzer." Ibis is all that my dur, 



contributes to the subject. The shells thrown at us certainly 
went as far as the Montgomery Blair house. 

As to the belief that General Early had given orders t< 
burn the house, which belief or statement one of the writers 
says he has never heard contradicted, it is sufficient to refer 
to General Early's "Memoir of the Last Year," etc., page 62, 
footnote: On the night of the 12th the house of Postmaster- 
General Blair, near Silver Spring, was burned, and it was 
assumed by the enemy that it was burned by my orders. The 
fact is that I had nothing to do with it, and do not yet know 
how the burning occurred. * * * It may have been occa- 
sioned by a shell from the enemy's guns, some of which went 
in that direction late in the day." 

I will only add that we were not "driven back" except by 
the necessities of our situation. 



Gracie's Scouts at Chickamauga. — X. \V. Phillips, of 
Weatherford, Tex., desires to hear fn m any officer or private 
of the 43d Alabama (Grade's) Brigade who can recall the 
detail of scouts from each company. They were ordered out 
about daylight the first morning aider the battle of Chicka- 
mauga to find out whit had become of the enemy. He was 
one of Company B on that detail. He writes: "I would also 
be glad to hear from a Confederate soldier who met (. 
Grade's so tits as thej were marching in the dierctii n of Chat- 
tanooga, lie informed us that he was captured the day before 
and bad made his escape during the night while the . in nn 
were retreating and crossing the river, i would be pleased ' 1 
have my recollections corroborated by some member of the 43d 
Alabama." 



Servici "i Thomas M. Penick, E. M, Penick, 622 Main 
Street, Little Rock, Ark., seeks information concerning tin 
service of his father, Thomas M. Penick, who served in the 
Confederate army. He must have eidisted from Louisiana. 
;is at the beginning of the war he lived in Caddo Parish. Any 
one who knows oi hi, service will confer a great favor by re 

plying to E. M. Penick. 



Buriai l'i 01 01 Confederate Generals. — Miss Mary J. 

Lane, of Marshall, Tex., corrects an error recently printed 
in the Chattanooga News about surviving Confederate of- 
fice: viz., that Brig. Hen. Richard Waterhouse survives, 
whereas Comrade George T. Todd stales that he died in the 

early seventies, and 1 11.1t boib General Waterhouse ami Brig. 
Gen. II. P, Mabry are buried at Jefferson, Tex. The latter 
died in the eightn - 



THE DAUGHTl RS AND I 111- PR1 SS 

Ibe press of the South is not doing its duty fully to the 

United Daughters of thi Confederacy. At the recent con 
Minion in Little Rock meager reports were sent to daily 
. but they were not taken up by the weekly pres 1 mi 

in Arkansas. 'Ibis ought not to be. These noble women 
make the sacrilnn to foe their Inmns and journey long dis- 
tances—in some instances thousands of miles — with scarcely 
any reduction from the regular railroad fares. Their in 
are distinctly unselfish and for the le good to 

the South ami the country. The exalted notions of these 

w 1 nin 11 could hardly be 1 1 : In nee 1 11 | 

that 1- impelli d foi the i oitimi m ! jent at all 

to give thi- ui 1 .it organi ation tin- benefil of its pi wer. 
Confreres, would you ration hen 

and do what y< u can to strengthen tin is in their 

laudable undertakings? 



38 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai? 




»i4M*|AI*IAIAI*IA|A|AIA:t4M«IAI*IAI4MAI*l% 



Memorial sketches are published herein free — except when 
pictures are engaged, $2. Please see that. brief notice is sent of 
every comrade who dies. Neighbors should see to this. 
"By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave 
Like one v. ho wraps the drapery of his couch 
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams." 

Dead Comrades at Greenville, S. C. 
To perpetuate the names and commands of those Confederate 
heroic dead, late members of Camp Pulliam, Greenville, S. 

C, a roster is here made giving the name and command of 
those members who have passed away since our organization. 
So many worthy men who have served their country in time 
of war have passed out without a record in the hands of their 
comrades showing the service and commands, etc., that this 
Camp deems it meet to create this roster not only that its 
surviving members may have a record of their comrades, but 
that coming generations may have an authoritative, preserved, 
and historical reference in the days to come as well as kindred 
and friends. [All of the—, unless otherwise specified, served 
from South Carolina. The f.gures designate number of dif- 
ferent regiments. As the names are not reported alphabetically, 
the list is evidently in the order that the comrades died.— 
Editor Veteran.] 

J. H. Hayne, Co. E, 2; S. C. Clyde, Co. B, 2; F. S. Ander- 
son. Co. F, 6; H. T. Williams, Cobb's Legion; G. G. Wells, 
Citadel Cadet; G. F. Moseley, Citadel Cadet; Hon. W. H. 
Perry, Co. K, 2; W. C. Cleveland, Co. G, 4; A. H. Cureton, 
Co. B, 2; J. A. Hoyt, Co. C, Palmetto Sharpshooters; J. M. 
McGee, Co. B, 7; Benjamin Chiles, Co. B, Orr's Rifles; J. G 
Hawthorne, Co. G, 4; William Kelly, Co. B, 1; S. M. Green. 
Chaplain, 16; C. E. Watson, Co. B, Orr's Rifles; W. D. Gas- 
ton, Co. D, Palmetto Sharpshooters ; C. A. Parkins, Co. B, 
16; A. J. Ross, Co. H, 6; H. C. Mark, Co. A, 5; J. W. Nor- 
wood, Co. I, 18; P. F. Sudduth, Co. B, 2; W. B. Madden, Co. 
A, 6; J. W. Grogan, Co. G, 4; Henry Bonnemeyer, Co. F, 4; 
W. A. Hudson, Co. F, Hampton Legion; A. H. Jenkins, Co. 
K, 4; J. B. Ligon, Co. I, Hampton Legion; A. S. Townes, 
Co. F, Hampton Legion ; C. A. Henderson, N. C. V. ; J. M. 
Price, Co. B, 2; J. S. Cothran, Co. B, Orr's Rifles; J. P. Miller, 
Co. B, 2; T. L. Woodside, Co. F, 2; T. A. Parks, Co. I, 1; 
A. L. Williams, Co. F, 8; A. H. Terry, Co. F, 4; Nathan 
Davis, Co. F, 3; Leonard Williams, Co. K, 2; William Wilkins, 
Johnson's Rifles; W. M. Crookshanks, 31st Tenn. Sig. Corps; 
S. H. Thornley, Co. B, 2; A. U. Smith, Co. F, Orr's Rifles; 

A. B. Byrd, Boyce Art.; Robert Deman, Co. G, 16; T. H. 
Stall, Co. B, 2; G. W. Dillard, Co. I, 3; John L. Black, Co. I, 
1 ; W. S. Batscon, 16; T. J. Saxon, Co. A, 16; I. F. Hunt, Co. I, 
13; W. P. Sudduth, 16; W. A. Adams, Co. A, 6; J. J. 
McManus, Irish Vol. ; T. H. Cook, 1 ; W. L. Land, Co. C, P. 
S. S. ; W. G. Whilden, Washington Art. ; S. P. Burbage, Co. 

D, 2; William Powell, Co. B, 2; R. A. Dickson, Co. K, Hamp- 
ton Legion; W. W. Gilreath, Co. B, 2; L. W. Watson, Co. 

B, 2; Joseph Leach, Co. G, 35th N. C. V.; W. T. Beard; Dr. 
William Dargan, Post Surgeon; W. J. Smith, Co. A, 16; J. 
M. Crosskeys, Co. D, 5; L. B, Ellis, Co. A, 39th Va. Bat.; 



Wilson Glover ; R. S. Morgan, Captain, 5th Va. Cav. ; L. B. 
Cline, Earle's Bat.; J. M. Whitmire, 14th N. C. V.; C. L. 
Yates, Co. A, Washington Light Inft.; J. L. King; A. L. 
Davis, Va. Cav.; M. G. Batson, Co. G, 16; T. B. Leach ; 
Peter Reynolds; S. P Wells, Co. A, 2d Ga. Regt. ; W. M. 
Bramlett, Co. A, 16; F. J. Bostic, Captain Co. F. 12; A. W. 
Burnside, 3d S. C. Bat. 

Lieut. William R. Byers. 

Lieut. William R. Byers, one of Maryland's most gallant 
sons, died in Baltimore on July 26, 1910, after a brief illness. 
At the outbreak of the war, in May, 1861, Comrade Byers. 
with his father, Stanley Byers, and two brothers, Stanley and 
Charles Byers, left Maryland and went to Richmond, Va.. 
where they all entered the Confederate army. Lieutenant 
Byers enlisted in the 47th Virginia Infantry, remaining in 
that command and participating in all of its engagements 
until the organization of the 2d Maryland Infantry in the 
early fall of 1862. Having completed the period of enlistment 
in the 47th Virginia Infantry, he reenlisted in Company C. 
2d Maryland Infantry, commanded by the gallant Capt. John 
Torsch. In a short while he was appointed second lieutenant 
of the company, and held that position to the end of the war. 
His two brothers were in the same company with him. 
Charles was killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864. 

On two occasions Lieutenant Byers had hand-to-hand con- 
tests with officers on the Federal side; but being a skilled 1 
swordsman, he defeated each and saved his life. 

Lieutenant Byers was born in Baltimore, and was seventy 
years old. He is survived by a sister and brother, living in 
Baltimore, and a daughter and two sons, living in St. Louis, 
Mo. His remains were interred in the Confederate lot in Lou- 
don Park Cemetery, the pallbearers being some of his old com- 
rades from the Confederate Home at Pikesville, Md. 

Last Roll List of Cobb-Delaney Camp, Athens, Ga. — 
Since the Memorial Day of 1909 there have been added to the 
last roll of Cobb-Delaney Camp the following names : Howell 
Cobb, J. L. Davenport,' J. W. Gilliland, W. H. Hae, A. L. 
Hull, J. H. Jorden, Henry Childress, L H. Burch, W. S. Bas- 
senger, George T. Murrell, George K. Smith, W. W. Sims, 
R. W. Pitman. 

Deaths of Comrades at Lakeland, Fla. 

U. H. Hane, Adjutant Camp No. 1543, U. C. V., Lakeland, 
Fla., reports the following deaths in that Camp since Novem- 
mer, 1909 : F. T. Dunklin, G. D. Turner, Z. B. Trammell, A. 
A. Scott, E. Martin, William Knowles, W. J. Murry. Other 
deaths since the organization of the Camp were: J. J. Balderic, 
L. M. Ballard, H. C. Poteet, H. A. Prine, A. H. Smith, J. 
W. Lanear, A. A. Canton. 

Jones. — John A. Jones, member of Holmes County Camp, 
U. C. V., Durant, Miss., died on February 10, 1910. He served! 
in Company F, nth Mississippi Infantry, one of the late Maj. 
A. M. O'Neal's famous Mississippi sharpshooters, and was 
captured at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865. He was sent to. 
Point Lookout, Md., where he was kept until some time after 
the surrender. He was twice wounded. 

Clark.— James F. Clark, of Jefferson City, Mo., died on 
November 8 after a long and useful life of more than four- 
score years. He enlisted in July, 1862, in the Confederate 
army as a private of Company H, 10th Missouri Infantry, 
Parsons's Brigade, Price's Division, and served to the close. 
He was a splendid soldier, a devoted husband and father, and 
was universally respected. 



Qo^federat^ l/eterap 



39 



Richard Watson Weakley. 

R. W. Weakley was born July 24, 1S41 ; and died March 
29, 1910, at Nashville, Tenn. He was the son of Dr. B. F. 
and Mary E. Weakley. He was educated in the Davidson 
County schools. In 1858 he entered Wcslcyan University, 
Florence, Ala., and graduated in June, i860. 

Soon after the War between the States came on he en- 
tered (he company of Capt. H. J. Cheney, Company C, Bate's 
2d Tennessee Regiment, and was elected lieutenant of the 
company. The command was sent at once to Virginia, and 
served along the Potomac for the first year. The command 
recnlisted for the war, and was transferred to the Western 
Army and fought at Shiloh. He left his old command affer 
going to the Western Army, and joined Capt. James Briton's 
"Cedar Snags," Col. Baxter Smith's 4th Cavalry Regiment, 
serving under Wheeler and Forrest until the surrender in 
North Carolina. 

The war over, he returned to his home, in Nashville, Tenn.. 
and assumed the duties of citizenship. 

For many years he was Superintendent of Education for 
Davidson County. Afterwards he was associated with Dr. 
John II. Callcnder at the Tennessee State Asylum for Insane 
He was Deputy County Trustee under W. B. Clark. 

After the death of his father, he returned to the old home 
to look after the farm and his mother and sisters. He spent 
the remainder of his life leading a gentle and quiet time in 
the bosom of his loved ones. He had no taste for political 
life, and was possessed of qualities and abilities that would 
have honored high positions of trust and honor. He was a 
man of splendid education, and took great pleasure in read- 
ing and literary pursuits. He was a true, brave, and loyal 
Confederate soldier, and has left a record worthy of imita 
tion. He was a member of a large family of brothers and 
two sisters. He never married. In Mount Olivet Cemetery 
he rests among those of his family who have "crossed over." 




R. II. Baker. 
Lieut. R. H. Baker, of Company II. Oth Texas Regiment, 
Ross's Brigade of Cavalry, died at his home, in Lexington, 
Miss . on September 5, 1910. For thirteen years he had been 



the loved Commander of the Holmes County Camp, U. C V 
Born and bred a Kentuckian, he volunteered as a private ii 
1861 from the town of Belton, Tex., and took part in all the 
battles in which his brigade engaged, and was known as a 
fearless and intrepid officer. Toward the close of the war he 
was detached and served with Harvey's famous scout-. Short- 
ly before the close, while he and his men were in hot pursuit 
of the retreating enemy, Lieutenant Baker's horse fell and 
broke his back. Some of the scouts stopped to assist him, but 
he pointed toward the retreating foe and said : "Forward f 
There is your place of duty." Duty continued to be his watch- 
word in the peaceful avocations of life, and it was performed 
with the same devotion that had characterized him as a soldier. 

Deaths in Gatesville (Tex.) Camp, No. 135. During 1910. 

Elisha Mayo was born in Stewart County, Ga., in 1838; and 
died at Gatesville, Tex., in September, 1910. He served in 
Company F, 47th Alabama Infantry. 

J. S. Kelso was born in Spartanburg District, S. C, in 1846; 
and died at Gatesville in October, 1910. He served in Com- 
pany E, 2d South Carolina Cavalry. 

M. L. Bland died at Osage, Tex., in August, 1910. He en- 
listed at Nashville, Tenn., in May, 1861, in Company F, 7th 
Tennessee Infantry, with the rank of sergeant, and served in 
the Virginia Army. 

Joseph Hutchinson. 
Joseph Hutchinson, a veteran of two wars, passed away at 
his home, in St. Petersburg, Fla., on October 26, 1910. He 
was well known in his community, and was highly respected 
by his business associates. He hail served in the Indian and 
Civil Wars, in the latter for four years as a member of the 
10th Florida Regiment. He was an enthusiastic member of 
Zollicoffer Camp, U. C. V., of St. Petersburg, and a devoted 
member of the Church. He was seventy-two years old. 

Enoch Cook. 

Enoch Cook, an unfaltering veteran to the end of the cause 
dear to every Southern heart, quietly passed away from the 
Providence Hospital, in Washington, D. C, on Monday morn- 
ing, December 14, 1910, in his seventy-fourth year. He was a 
native of Virginia, and enlisted in Company F, 6th Virginia 
Cavalry. He subsequently joined Col. John S. Mosby's 
Rangers. Having been captured, he was a prisoner of war at 
Point Lookout. He gave two sons to the Spanish-American 
War, and his favorite daughter married Capt. W. Roberts, 
U. S. A., who has served the Union for thirty years. 

Previous to the Wai between the States Mr. Cook 
caretaker of the Robert E. Lee estate, which is now Arlington 
National Cemetery. In the Confederate section of this beau- 
tiful cemetery he was buried, and went to his final rest with 
the Confederate and Union flags entwined about his bier. 

Comrade Cook was a man of sterling worth and possessed 
many noble characteristics. As a citizen and soldier his con- 
duct was ever marked by integrity, geniality, and courage. Ir> 
line, he represented that type of civilization that is fast passing 
away— that beautiful, chivalrous life that fLui 'ied in the days 
of the dear old South. 

[Sketch sent by John A. Crowley, 111S Virginia .*V 
Southwest, Washington, D. C] 

Dr. John Hutchins. 
Or. John Hutchins, of Natchez. Miss., died on September 28,. 
1910, after a long life spent in serving others. As a physician 
he won the confidence of those for whom be labored and the 
I and friendship of bis medical brethren. 



40 



C^oi}federat^ l/eterap. 



Dr. Hutchins entered Princeton for the class of '63, but left 
that university and entered the Confederate army as a member 
of the iotli Mississippi Regiment after the fall of Fort Donel- 
son. He was in the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chicka- 
mauga, and Franklin. He had been on detached service, but 
joined his regiment after the fights around Atlanta, and was 
with General Hood in his Tennessee campaign, surrendering 
at Gainesboro, Ga., April 26, 1865. 

Dr. Hutchins graduated from LaGrange, Tenn., after the 
war. and later entered the University of New Orleans, grad- 
uating from its medical department in 186S. He was a de- 
voted Church member. His wife and four sisters survive him. 

Richard Norfleet Harris. 

Richard Norfleet Harris, II., was born at Rosedale, near 
Laneville, Hale County, Ala., September 15, 1844. His parents 
were R. N. and Amanda Banks Harris, both representatives 
of fine old North Carolina families. The early part of his 
boyhood was spent on the plantation; but later on the family 
removed to Tuscaloosa, Ala., where he entered school. He 
was in the Junior class of the university when the war began ; 
and though but seventeen years old, he answered his coun- 
try's call. He was sent first to Auburn, Ala., where he acted 
as drillmaster for the 37th Alabama. He was made orderly 
sergeant of his company, and was first lieutenant when the 
war closed. He then returned to his plantation home, and was 
engaged in planting until his death, on September 27, 1910. 

On June 30, 1869, Lieutenant Harris was married to Miss 
Sallie Melville Minge, of Norwood, Marengo County, Ala., a 
daughter of David and Elvira Adams Minge, representatives 
of an old Virginia family. 

A friend of Comrade Harris said. "God might have made a 
few as good men, but he never made a better," and this senti- 
ment found echo in the hearts of others who knew him. Bear- 
ing a name that has ever stood for all that is honorable and 
upright, he fulfilled his every duty toward God and man. His 
tender heart never failed to respond to the calls of the needy ; 
and not only throughout the State, but over the entire South 
are those who were cheered by his generosity and kindness. 

C. P. Reeves. 

Columbus Palestine Reeve- was bom in Charlottesville, X. 
C, December 19, 1830. His father, Rev. Thomas Reeves, re- 
moved with his family to Missouri when this son was a youth. 
The father was brilliant and blessed with ample means. 

Columbus Reeves received a thorough education, the latter 
part of his collegiate course being spent at Masonic College, in 
Lexington, Mo., where be was a schoolmate with Samuel 
Clemens (Mark Twain). In 1861 Mr. Reeves went to Cali- 
fornia, but after a year he returned to Missouri on account of 
his father's impaired health. He was the youngest of eleven 
children. He engaged in the mercantile business successfully 
in St. Joseph, and in 1856 he married a daughter of Rev. W. 
W. Redman, after which he removed to Richmond, Mo. 

lie was among the first to answer General Price's call for 
troops, and entered the Confederate army as aid-de-camp to 
General Slack. He was taken prisoner in the battle of Spring- 
field, but was subsequently released on parole. Afterwards he 
settled in Suisun, Cal., where he continued to reside until his 
death. For many years he was quite successful in business, 
during which time he did much for the upbuilding of Suisun. 

Mr. Reeves was a man of strong personality and great 
sagacity, a generous and true friend, devoted to his family. 
He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Mary J. Reeves, an adopted 
son, W. W. R. Reeves, grandchildren, and a great-grandchild. 

In sending the above sketch Comrade J. P. Goodman states : 



"I am getting old and shaky and can't write it myself. You 
can get the facts from clipping. I am the only Confederate 
left in this town, yet there are quite a number of G. A. R.'s." 
It appears from Volume L., Serial No. 106, "War Records," 
that after Comrade Reeves went to California he was still 
engaged for the cause of Dixie Land. The President of the 
Suisun Union League wrote Brig. Gen. J. S. Mason, suspecting 
him as cooperating with James Gibson, "formerly a keDei 
colonel," "organizing for purposes unknown to the League." 

I )u. Felix F. Porter. 

Dr. Felix F. Porter was born near Paris, Tenn.. March 
22, 1838, a son of Nathaniel Porter, wdio was a prominent 
citizen of Henry County. He was elected to the Legislature 
just after the war, but was expelled by that loyal ( ?) body for 
alleged disloyalty. Dr. Porter was a brother to Mrs. M. II. 
Howard, whose husband was the founder of the Howard 
School of Nashville and of the Howard Library, and he was 
also a distant relative of Hen. James D. Porter, also of Paris 
and former Governor of Tennessee. 

Felix Porter read medicine under Dr. J. H. Travis, and 
afterwards graduated from the Medical Department of the 
University of Pennyslvania in 1859. He began the practice in 

Henry County. 



When the Civil 
War broke out, in 
1861, he joined the 
5th Tennessee Regi- 
ment, and was com- 
missioned assistant 
surgeon of that regi- 
ment. Soon after 
the war he resumed 
the practice of medi- 
cine in Paris, and 
continued in it until 
a few years ago, re- 
tiring on account of 
age and ill health. 
Dr. Porter was the 
author of a number 
of renowned pre- 
scriptions, and as a 
physician he had the 
confidence of all 
who knew him. 

He was married 
in 18S0 to Miss Hat- 
tie Loving, of a prominent family in the county, who died in 
1864; and in 1867 Dr. Porter married Miss Willie Burgess, 
of Lebanon, Tenn., who survives him with five children, one 
of whom is the wife of Frank D. Caruthers, Assistant Busi- 
ness Manager of the New York World. 

Dr. Porter was a devcut Church member, and he was super, 
intendent of his Sunday school for about a quarter of a cen- 
tury. He was also a Mason, and was buried by that fra- 
ternity. His death occurred in November, 1910. 
Reuben Nunnery. 
[A tribute to Reuben Nunnery, of Liberty, Miss., is sent by 
Adjutant George A. McGehee, of the Amite Camp, No. 226. 
U. C. V., at Liberty.] 

Comrade Reuben Nunnery died November 6, 1910. passing 
away as gently as if he were going to sleep. Comrade Nunnery 
was a member of Company C, 7th Mississippi Regiment, and 
no soldier did bis duty better in hat tie, oh march, on guard duty, 




C^opfederat^ l/eterag. 



41 



<>r in bivouac. He was severely wounded 'it Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., but on recovery he returned to his post, and at the end 
he returned home. He married Miss Lizzie Harvey in the 
fall of 1865, with whom^he lived and who was a true help- 
meet in all the vicissitudes of life, and who now, with their 
five sons and four daughters, mourns his absence. 

In farming he was successful, and as a neighbor he was 
loved for his principles of doing the right and just thing. 

Comrade Nunnery had seven brothers in the Confederate 
army, live of them belonging to the Amite Rifles, Company C, 
7th Mississippi, two only living now. All these brothers were 
model soldiers, one of whom, W. J. Nunnery, being promoted 
for gallantry on the field of battle, and was killed in battle 
near Atlanta July 22, 1864, bearing the colors of bis regiment. 

The following members of the Camp sign a worthy tribute 
to him: R. J. Stewart, W. J. Lea, D. C. Wilson, j. A. Carra- 
way. X. B. Cockerbam, D. W. Fenn., E. C. Andrews, Samuel 
Nunnery, George Nunnery, George A. McGebee. 
Gen. George D. Johnston. 

George Doherty Johnston was born in Hillsboro, N. C, 
May 30, 1832, of a long line of noble ancestry. When he was 
two years old bis father moved to Greensboro, Ala., and after- 
wards to Marion, where George was educated in the private 
schools, and graduated at Howard College in 1849, taking the 
degrees of A.B. and A.M. He was one of her noblest and 
worthiest sons, and the oldest at the time of his death. He 
attended Cumberland University, at Lebanon, Tenn., for the 
law course degree in 1852. He practiced law at Marion. 
was elected Mayor of the town in 1856, and represented Perry 
County in the General Assembly during the years 1857-58. 




' 1 '. G D, .toll NSTON, 

As a Confederate soldier he had a brilliant career, and was 
ever loyal to the cause he fought for. He ever took a deep 



interest in Confederate affairs, and was Commandei of the 
local Camp of Veterans. He was the Alabama member of 
the Board of Trustees of the C. M. A. 

General Johnston enlisted in the army on April 15. 1861, as 
second lieutenant of Company G, 4th Alabama Regiment. His 
promotion was fine, being made major of the 25th Alabama on 
January 29, 1862, lieutenant colonel of the same regiment in 
April, 1862, and its colonel September 6, 1863. He was made 
a brigadier general, C. S. A., in April, 1864, and served gallant- 
ly in that office until the close of the war. 

After the war he held a great many distinguished public 
positions. He was the commandant of cadets in the University 
of Alabama from 1871-73, and from 1885-90 was Superintend- 
ent of the South Carolina Military Academy at Charleston. 

Under Cleveland's administration he was appointed United 
States Civil Service Commissioner, living in Washington with 
his family, serving with Theodore Roosevelt. He was always 
a stanch Democrat; and after returning to Tuscaloosa to live, 
he represented his county as a State Senator. He was a wise 
and trusted leader in all public affairs. 

In religious faith he was a stanch Presbyterian from his 
early years. His faith was serene and his confidence in a 
blessed future life was steadfast. Some time before his last 
illness he had made arrangements for his funeral services, 
even designating the hymns to be used. 

General Johnston was married three times. His first wife 
was Miss Euphradia Poellnitz, of Marengo County, whom he 
married in 1853. They had three sons and one daughter. 
His second wife was Miss Maria Barnett, who left no chil- 
dren. He married Mrs. Stella Searcy Harris in 1876, who, 
with their son, George D. Johnston, Jr., survives him. Mrs. 
Johnston's other children mourn a father's death. 

G ueral Johnston was an eloquent speaker and a popular 
leclarer. His "Memories of the Old South" and "The Women 
of the South" are remarkably fine. General Johnston was a 
true Southern gentleman of the old school, the soul of cour- 
tesy and chivalry, and a most delightful companion. He was 
a man of the highest integrity and profound convictions. The 
entire community feels its loss, and his friends are numbered 
in all the walks of life, among the rich and poor alike. 

( leneral Johnston was honored and revered at home and 
abroad. The South and the nation possessed in him all that 
is noblest in soldier, scholar, and man. 

General Johnston's Funeral. 
[The Tuscaloosa papers had elaborate reports of General 
Johnston's career and the funeral. From the News's account 
of the funeral extracts are made.] 

To pay tribute to the memory of the man they loved and 
admired. Confederate veterans who fought with him in the 
sixties, ministers of the gospel who had been inspired by his 
beautiful faith, public men who had counseled with him in 
important crises, students who had listened to his eloquent 
lectures, and men, women, and children from all walks of life 
|i d the Presbyterian church, where lay the remains of 
1 1 George Doherty Johnston. 

I lr. J. G. Sncdccor conducted the services and delivered a 
buutiful eulogy of General Johnston, saying in part: "Gen- 
erally death brings to -on-owing friends the keenest pangs be- 
lt it- untimeliness and the unreadiness of those called 
. but neither cause for sorrow exists here to day. There 
was no untimeliness in the dep of this beloved man. 

Born in 1S32, it is given to few to come to such a good old 
possessed of all faculties, and preserving to the last, as 
he did, his soldierly bearing and grace. Nor was there any 



42 



Qor?federat<? 1/eterai). 



lack of readiness. He faced his end with the composure of the 
great apostle, who declared. 'I am ready to be offered, and 
the time of my departure is at hand,' and with humble sin- 
cerity he could have added: 'I have fought a good fight, I have 
finished my course. I have kept the faith.' Any one who was 
in the presence of General Johnston during the past few years 
saw that he was no timorous mortal standing by Jordan's brink 
and fearing to launch away. Never have I seen such supreme 
composure in the prospect of death. He welcomed it as the 
crown of life. He was an implicit believer in those things 
which 'eye hath not seen, nor ear heard.' It was a joy to be 
in his company and an inspiration to those of weaker faith. 
He solved our doubts and kindled anew our love to God. 
His favorite expression was: 'The good God will do all things 
well.' A strong man who was with him in his last illness 
said: 'I have had my times of doubt, but nevermore shall I 
doubt that the unseen world is a world of reality.' So, my 
friends, he, being dead, yet speaketh to us of the better life 
and the surer faith. I should like to refer to the bravest act 
of his life. To do this I pass by his splendid record on the 
field of battle, though he was the peer of any there. I come 
to his own home, to a time about fifteen years ago, when there 
was from this very pulpit an appeal made for some one to 
volunteer to superintendent a Sunday school to be established 
for the instruction of the negroes of the town. Though he 
had since early manhood been a member of the Church, he 
had worn his profession of religion with modest reticence and 
had taken little active part in public services. But when this 
call was made, he rose in his place and said: 'I suppose I am 
about the only one here who could afford to do this. I will 
take the Sunday school.' Until recent months, when the in- 
firmities of advancing age prevented, he was there in his place 
every Sunday, and God alone knows what poor, benighted souls 
he has enlightened and uplifted. To his companion and sons, 
therefore, I hold up the consoling promises of God's Word, 
and over their sorrow we draw the veil of sympathetic love." 

Following Dr. Snedecor's address, the Rev. Dr. D. D. Little 
delivered an eloquent tribute to the man who had been a great 
help and inspiration to him in his own work in behalf of the 
negro. Dr. Little said that General Johnston was preeminently 
a man of the Old South, the embodiment of al! the honor, 
chivalry, and hospitality preserved in romance and tradition. 
He referred to the exemplary character of the deceased, and 
declared that if he had been surrounded by all his friends his 
last message to them would have been: "Be true to the Old 
Soutli and its ideals, be good to the black man in our midst, 
and keep faith in God." 

A memorandum made by General Johnston a few days be- 
fore his death expressed the wish that his devoted friend. 
Dr. W. E. Hutchinson, should take part in the funeral serv- 
ices ; and in accordance with his wishes Dr. Hutchinson in a 
beautiful prayer thanked a bountiful Providence for the in- 
spiration of the noble life that had been given to the people 
and the living picture on earth of the image of Jesus Christ. 
He prayed that the image of his noble life might be forever 
a monument to the people of Tuscaloosa. 

Present at the funeral, attending in a body, were the mem- 
bers of Camp Rodes, United Confederate Veterans, and the 
girls of Central College. General Johnston was to have de- 
livered an address before the college girls on the day of his 
death, the subject being "The Women of the Confederacy." 

Personal Reminiscences and Tribute. 
The Editor of the Veteran had no more congenial friend 
among men than Gen. George D. Johnston. For forty years 



we saw each other eye to eye and had many heart-to-heart 
talks. He knew as well as any man in the world the happiness 
in a home wherein were a model wife and a bright, noble 
boy, to each of whom he was a devoted friend. 

A few weeks before the last Birmingham Reunion (1908) 
the writer was en route to Columbus. Miss., going South by 
the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, with plans to stop a few hours 
with Gen. S. D. Lee. Ascertaining that he could spend the 
same time at Tuscaloosa with as good connection to Birming 
ham, and recalling a recent pathetic letter from General John 
ston, in which he stated that he felt his days were nearly nura 
bered, plans were changed and the stop was made at Tusca- 
loosa instead of Columbus. In reverse of what was expected, 
General Johnston attended the Reunion and shared in the 
tributes to the Commander in Chief, whose funeral had caused 
an unexpected visit in the interim to Columbus. After the 
Reunion, General Johnston wrote: "I was sorry not to have 
seen more of you at Birmingham, but was not strong enough 
to get about much and occupied with my duties as a member 
of the Battle Abbey and Historical Committees." 

In connection with the Veteran General Johnston wrote : 
"You have done a noble and indispensable work for our j;ood 
cause which our people appreciate and which justly assures 
you a place in Confederate history that any Southern man may 
well be proud of. May the good Lord preserve your life and 
health for many, many years, for there is no one who could 
fill your place were you to be taken from us !" Again he wrote 
in October, 1910: "I send subscription of two dollars, and ex- 
pect to send that amount annually until I am gone, when I 
hope some one will continue the good work for me." At an- 
other time he wrote: "There are some other Confederate en- 
terprises that I would like to assist, some of which you advo- 
cate; but I have felt, and feel now, that the Confederate Vet- 
eran should be perpetuated, for I regard it as having done 
more for our sacred cause than all other agencies combined." 
So much space would hardly be given in this tribute except 
for the delay in writing to him, that is deeply deplored. 

The evening of May 11, 1910, is remembered as one of the 
most pleasant in all the years of existence. It was with Gen- 
eral Johnston at his home in Tuscaloosa while en route to 
Raymond, Miss., to be there on the anniversary of the battle, 
the first visit after forty-seven years. Severe pressure of 
duties and the anticipation of being at Tuscaloosa again ere 
long caused delay of reply to three letters, except that the 
mail started with one from Nashville about the hour that 
he died. 

The earnest of his devotion and his generous consideration 
are shown in the following, which he wrote on October 10 : 
"Taking advantage of the occasion to write you a sort of love 
letter, hoping and expecting to have a reply from you in a 
short while. As I have not heard from you since, I take it 
for granted that my letter miscarried, and I write again, 
knowing that you will let me hear from you very shortly. 1 
know that you are a very busy man, and will make all al 
lowance for that in the brevity of your reply ; but I want a 
letter from you." Again on October 19 he wrote ( his last 
letter) : "I miss very much not hearing from you in reply 
to my letters, for you know my feelings of affection for you 
that have lasted so many years. * * * Let me hear from 
you when you can, for I am sure that you have the same re- 
gard for me that I have for you." 

Nobody can realize how the failure to write him is deplored. 
May the intelligence from heaven comprehend that the heart 
was ever constantly devoted to that noble friend. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 



43 



Rev. James Allen Woods. 
After a lingering illness, Rev. J. Allen Woods died at his 
home, in Bolivar, Term., on June 24, 1910. No man of that 
community ever shared in a higher degree the love and respect 
of its people. He was horn in Belfast, Tcnn., September 30, 
1837, and was a member of a large and happy family of seven 
sons and five daughters, three brothers and two sisters sur- 
viving him. His education was completed at Cumberland 
University, Lebanon, Tenn., where he took the literary course. 




REV. S. O. WOODS, T. H. WOODS, REV. J. ALLEN WOODS. 

He afterwards taught school at various places, and at the 
call of his country he entered the Confederate army, and served 
to the end. lie then enlisted as a soldier of the cross; and 
after a theological course at Union Seminary, Virginia, he 
entered upon the work of the ministry, serving various 
Churches in Tennessee and Texas, hi-* service covering nearly 
forty ] 

lie was married in December, 1S68, to Miss Clemmie h- 
Orr, who is U ft with a son and daughter to mourn the loss 
of a devoted husband and father. 

[Th( threi brothers: J. .Allen, Rev. 

Samuel I) Woods, of Crowell, Tex., and I homas II. Woods. 

hi Shelbyville, Tenn. Sam and Allen, twins, both of whom en- 
tile ministry soon after the war, were officers in the 
41-1 Tennessee Infantry. Although belonging to different 

Lieut Allen w I 1 apt. Sam Woods, and the 

Editor of the Veteran I . while messed together; 

therefore the tribute in the \ 1 rERAi 1 with more than 

ordinar) interest, Whili Mien became .1 Pn minis- 

ter, Sam became a Cumberland Presbyterian. All ti- 
the group were Con! oldiers.] 

Senator Swum DOUGLAS McEnery. 

Hired in th 1 death of Senator Samuel 

D. Mel I uisiana, in anticipation of a picture to go 

with the sketch. II is death occurred at his family residence. 
Xi'« I I une 28, 1 



Senator McEnery had been prominently identified with the 
history of Louisiana for almost half a century. He served 
as a lieutenant in the Confederate army, and as a young 
lawyer in Louisiana immediately following the war was active 
111 the work accomplished by the "White League" in over- 
throwing the carpetbaggers and negro rule. He was elected 
Lieutenant Governor in 1870, and succeeded Governor Wiltz 
upon the latter's death in [881, lie was elected Governor in 
1883. In 1896 he was elected to the United States Senate, 
where he served continuously until his death. His last term 
would have continued to March 3, 1915. 

Senator McEnery was educated at Spring Hill College, 
Alabama, and the University of Virginia. He is survived by 
his wife, who was Miss Elizabeth Phillips, of Monroe, La., his 
daughter, Mrs. Warren B. Parks, and two sons, Charles P. 
and Dr. Douglas W. McEnery. 

Vice President Sherman upon hearing Of Senator Mc- 
Enery's death sent the following telegram to Mrs. McEnery: 
"I am deeply grieved by the startling news of Senator Mc- 
Lnery's death. Close association with him engendered affec- 
tion and respect. I feel a personal loss. His State and his 
country lose a firm and faithful servant. To you and his 
family I offer tender sympathies." 

The funeral was attended by delegations of Senators and 
Representatives in Congress. 

Frank I. Cook. 

Frank I. Cook was born in South Carolina in 1842; and died 
at bis home, in Jasper County. Miss., on September 28, 1910. 
lie enlisted in the Confederate army for the war in June, 
[861, and started for Virginia the next day as a member of 
Company C. 7th South Carolina Regiment. He erved prac- 
tically in all the great battles fought by Longstrcet's Corps. 
Soon after the close of the war he was married to Miss Mollie 
Robinson, and removed to Mississippi, where he engaged in 
farming, and became a loyal son of his adopted State. He 
was ever devoted to the memory of the Confederacy, and took 
an active part in the meetings of his U. C. V. Camp. I leath 
came to him suddenly. He leaves a widow and several de- 
voted children. 




FRANK 1. I 00* 



In sketches for "Last Roll" be -is concise as practicable. 
Nearly all notices must be condensed, 



44 



Qoi}federat<2 l/eterai). 



AS IT IS DONE IN THE COURT OF LAST RESORT. 

[Writen for the Veteran by Harvey D. Jacob, Secretary 
to Mr. Justice Lurton, of the United States Supreme Court.] 

The hands of the clock resting just above the American 
eagle immediately behind the Chief Justice's chair point to 
twelve. The court crier's gavel is brought heavily down with 
the words, "The Honorable, the Justices of the Supreme Court 
of the United States ;" and as those seated in the courtroom 
arise to their feet and silence reigns, from a small anteroom 
to the north quietly approach those few of our countrymen 
in whose hands are daily placed the cords which bind us to- 
gether as a great nation, and who consider, determine, and 
construe the principles upon which all of our American in- 
stitutions are founded, daily deciding matters involving the 
liberties and fortunes of the American people. 

There are only seven of these distinguished gentlemen now, 
and two of these have been on the court for less than a year. 
Regularly there should be nine ; but illness came, causing the 
absence and later the resignation of Mr. Justice Moody; then 
death claimed Mr. Justice Peckham, Mr. Justice Brewer, and 
Mr. Chief Justice Fuller. Mr. Justice Lurton (appointed in 
December, 1909) and Mr. Justice Hughes (appointed in June, 
1910) raise the number to seven, which leaves at this time two 
vacancies to be filled by the President. 

Robed in long black gowns, they solemnly approach the 
bench, headed by Mr. Senior Justice Harlan, who, in the 
absence of a Chief Justice, acts as such, and, passing around 
the rear of the bench, take their seats at the nod of the Chief 
Justice or Acting Chief Justice, while the impressively spoken 
words of the crier are distinctly heard throughout the room : 
"O yea, O yea, O yea ! All persons having business before the 
Supreme Court of the United States are admonished to draw 
near and give their attention, for the court is now sitting. 
God save the United States and this honorable court!" 

The room in which the court now sits was until the year 
1859 the Senate chamber, at which time it was necessary for 
the Senate to seek larger quarters in consequence of the 
gradual increase of its membership by the admission of new 
States. The Supreme Court room was at that time what is 
now its library, directly underneath. 

The furnishings of the present court room, while rich in 
design and quality, are quite simple. The room itself is a semi- 
circular arrangement, with a low-domed ceiling. Ionic col- 
umns of Potomac marble form a loggia, supporting a gallery 
on the east side of the room. In front of these columns is 
"the bench," consisting of a slightly raised platform, on which 
are placed nine large, comfortable chairs, immediately in front 
of which is a desk extending the full length of the bench and 
upon which the Justices keep their dockets, records, etc. The 
Chief Justice occupies the chair in the center of the bench, and 
the Associate Justices are seated four on his either side, the 
oldest Associate Justice, in point of service, occupying the chair 
nearest to the Chief Justice, and so on. In front of the bench 
are located the tables and chairs of counsel, with a limited 
number of seats set apart for members of the bar. At one 
side of the bench will be found the desks of the reporter, mar- 
shal, and court crier ; while on the opposite side is situated 
the desk of the clerk of the court. Extending around the 
rear of the room, on both sides of the general entrance door, 
are seats for spectators, who every day while the court is in 
session come into the roc:n ! v the hundreds, stay for a few 
minutes, and then move ou: aeain noiselessly, for quiet must 
be observed in the Supreme Court of the United States, es- 
pecially by those whose presence is by courtesy rather than by 



right. Around the walls of the room are the marble bust:- 
of the former Chief Justices, John Jay, John Rutledge, Oliver 
Ellsworth, John Marshall, Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, 
and Morrison R. Waite, and these constitute the entire wall 
decorations. 

The court meets on the second Monday of each October and 
sits until the latter part of May. It usually hears the argument 
of cases for three or four weeks, and then takes a recess for 
two or three weeks. This recess is believed by the public 
generally to mean a vacation, but such is not the fact; for 
during these recesses the Justices do their hardest work — that 
of writing the opinions in cases which have been heard or 
submitted on brief, decided, and assigned at the argument 
sessions. 

When the court is in session, it assembles every day, except 
Saturday and Sunday, promptly at twelve o'clock. The first 
few minutes are consumed in the hearing of applications for 
admission to the bar and other motions, at the conclusion of 
which the regular call of the docket assigned for the particular 
day is begun. As the cases are called they must either be 
argued or submitted on briefs. When a case is submitted on 
brief (and a majority of them are thus disposed of), the coun- 
sel simply mention this fact, and the printed record (for all 
matters must be printed before presentation to the court), 
briefs, etc., are by the clerk laid on the desk in front of each 
Justice. If a case is to be argued, the court allows counsel 
on each side a certain length of time, varying according t" 
the importance or magnitude of the question, within which to 
present the matter; and at the conclusion of this oral argu- 
ment the record and briefs are likewise passed to the Justices. 

At two o'clock the court takes a short recess for luncheon, 
reappearing at 2 130 and immediately resuming the transac- 
tion of its business, which continues until 4:30, at which hour, 
and it may be said at which minute, matters it not what may 
be the situation with respect to the case before it, it arises 
and adjourns until twelve o'clock the next day. 

Upon the conclusion of each day's work the records, briefs, 
etc., in cases that day heard or submitted are gathered to- 
gether by the messenger of each Justice and carried to the 
Justice's residence. Singular as it may seem, Supreme Court 
Justices have no offices, save such as they personally provide 
in their own residences, and it is here that the cases are 
studied out and the opinions written. Whether a case be sub- 
mitted on briefs or argued, it must be studied out by each 
Justice individually and separately and prepared for consulta- 
tion, as likewise are all petitions for writs of certiorari and 
applications for writs of error. 

Every Saturday during the argument session is consultation 
day, and at twelve o'clock on this day the Justices all assemble 
in the consultation room, which is separate and distinct from 
the court room, and behind locked doors discuss and consider 
each individual motion, application, case, etc. When a decision 
is reached — and by a decision is meant a majority with the 
same view of the particular matter — the case is assigned to 
one of the Justices voting with the majority for the writing of 
the opinion of the court. 

So much of the time during the argument session is taken 
up with the hearing of cases and the study and preparation of 
them for consultation that there is but slight opportunity af- 
forded for the writing of opinions during such argument ses- 
sions, and it is for this reason, as already stated, that the re- 
cesses are taken. 

When a case has been decided in consultation and assigned 
for opinion, the Justice to whom it is assigned must again 



Qoi)federat<? l/eteraij. 



45 



study it and sift it down to its very foundation and then 
write out the reasons of the court for deciding the case this 
way or that, and that is what is meant by opinion. Of course 
the time consumed in the preparation of these opinions varies 
as well as their length, governed more or less by the impor- 
tance of the matter and the difficulty of the question at issue. 
When an opinion is written out by the Justice (and each has 
his own particular method of writing them — some with and 
some without the aid of their secretaries), it is sent to the printer, 
who is a private contractor and not a general government 
employee, but who has been doing the work for many years ; 
and in order that its contents may be closely guarded and kept 
from the public until the proper time comes, it is cut up into 
sections and distributed among several typesetters, so that no 
one of them sees the opinion in whole. And when it has been 
set up in printed form, a proof is returned to the Justice send- 
ing it, who corrects and revises it, and then returns it to the 
printer for final copies. When these final copies are received, 
one of them is forwarded to each of the other Justices, who 
examine it and note on its back the fact of their approval or 
disapproval. And after these copies have all been returned, 
the work is finished and the opinion ready to be handed down. 

Every Monday is opinion day. and the opinions are banded 
down on that day, the Justices having opinions simply an- 
nouncing from the bench after court lias opened that they 
are directed to deliver the opinion of the court in case number 
blank, so and so against so and so; and after reading the 
opinion or the important parts thereof, they hand it to the 
reporter, who has it published in the Supreme Court reports. 

Each Justice has his own secretary and messenger. The 
messenger is a negro man: and when a Justice dies or resigns, 
his messenger goes to his successor. Some of these mes- 
sengers have been in service of the court for many years. 

In the doing of all the things above specified the secretary 
aids the Justice so far as is practicable. One of the chief 
duties of the secretary, however, is to be entirely ignorant of 
the existence of such a thing as the Supreme Court of the 
United States, and to politely turn to a discussion of golf 
or bridge when asked as to the workings of that court. 



New Chief Justice and Member. 

Since Mr. Jacobs's letter was written the President has 
made a Confederate veteran Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court and appointed Judge Joseph Rucker Lamar a member. 
Mr. Lamar was born in Rnckersville, Ga., on October 14, 1857. 
He is the son of Rev. Janus S. Lamar, an able Christian min- 
ister, who died only a few years ago at Grovetown, Ga. W hen 
Judge Lamar was a lad his parents moved to Augusta, wdiere 
he graduated from the University of Georgia In the practice 
of law he was remarkably successful, lie served in the Geor- 
gia Legislature in 1888-80. He was appointed Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Georgia by Governor Terrell, but resigned 
in 1905. In 1876 Judge Lamar was married to Miss Clarinda 
Pendleton, daughter of Mr. William K. Pendleton, and two 
sons were born to them. Messrs. P. R. and W. P. Lamar. 

Judge E. D. White's appointment as Chief Justice of the 
United States Supreme Court was greeted with much satis 
faction in Louisiana, his former home, lie was born in La- 
fourche Parish, and began the practice of law there in [868, 
He early attained prominence in the political affairs of the 
St, ilc, and was one of tin ablest members of the Louisiana 

General Assembly. Judge White was appointed as a Justice 

of the State Supreme Court when only twenty-one years old. 
He is a Democrat and a Confederate veteran. 
At a dinner to the former President, Theodore Roosevelt, in 



New Haven, Conn., he was greeted with cheers, and in re- 
sponse he said: "It seems to me that nothing could be a better 
augury of the future of this country than that a Republican 
President should appoint an ex-Confederate of opposite po- 
litical faith Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court 
and receive the unanimous applause of his countrymen." 

LECTURE ON GENERAL LEE BY REV. R. LIN CAVE. 

[Rev. R. L. Cave, Chaplain General U. C. V., who served 
under "Mars Robert," delivered a lecture upon the Confederate 
chieftain which may be heard with profit and satisfaction. His 
introduction to a home audience by Comrade G. H. Baskettc, 
Editor of the Nashville Manner, deserves a place here.] 

Ladies and Gentlemen: In this age of nerve-racking activities 
and commercial absorption we are prone to forego the con- 
templative habit which would lead us to study and reflect upon 
the lessons of the past as they are embodied in the history of 
events and in the lives of great men gone before. Even in 
the South to-day, with its rich heritage from the past, there 
is a growing tendency to invest the tragedy of the Civil War 
and all that it meant to the South with a merely academic in- 
trust rather than with the fervor of sentiment that gives 
flavor and significance to the traditions of a people. 

It is well that the antagonisms, animosities, and sectional 
prejudices engendered in the frightful and momentous strug- 
gle of the sixties should be relegated to oblivion and be re- 
membered no more; but as the men who participated in that 
bloody war and the noble women who aided and encouraged 
them and endured so much of hardship and privation are 
rapidly passing away, the glorious memories that cluster about 
the names and deeds that made the Southern arms illustrious 
should from time to time be called to the minds of the pres- 
ent generation, lest we forget, lest we forget. 

The subject of the lecture which will be given this evening 
is eminently suited for the study of "the times that tried men's 
souls" in the highest aspects of truth and patriotism. The 
world has recognized Robert E. Lee as a man among men, 
and as one of earth's immortals he by his character and 
achievements contributed nobly in placing in the world's 
Valhalla of lost ideals the cause for which men of honest 
thought and lofty purpos • have died in vain. The speaker 
of the evening has chv»en a theme with which he is peculiarly 
fitted to deal, as be was himself a gallant Confederate soldier 
and had special opportunities to observe and study the char- 
acter of the great Confederate chieftain. 

I Ik- conventional formality of introducing to a Nashville 
audience a man so prominent in this community as Dr. Cave 
and one so generally known and so warmly esteemed is, of 
course, not necessary, and must be regarded simply as a cour- 
tesy which is a tribute to his worth and standing and as an 
earnest * I that appreciation of his ability and eloquence that 
brings us together on this occasion. 

It is my privilege and pleasure to present Dr. R. Lin Cave. 

[Comment is not given upon the lecture except to slate that 
the auditor who has heard many of the great tributes to the 
eir.it and guild man need not fear repetition in any sense by 
Dr. Cave 11 is conversational style in clear, forceful voice is 
well suited to a discussion of the character of the man in his 
inimitable personal life. It is difficult, evidently, to be brief 
enough upon so great a theme, entrancing as it is, to such 
audiences as the speaker may expect. If the grasp of the 
be incomplete in any respect, it may be detected in the 
recent charming book by Thomas Nelson Page entitled "Gen. 
R. E. Lee, the Southerner" It is understood that Dr. Cave 
will deliver this lecture North as well as South.] 



4 6 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterar?. 



"HEART OF DEAR OLD DIXIE." 

BY JACOB CLOSZ. 

Could it change, the heart of Dixie, 

Beating fondly true alway 
For the stars and bars of olden 

And the boys who wore the gray? 
And could memory, so faithful. 

E'er forget such sacrifice 
As Dixie's dauntless heroes offered 

For a nation's high emprise? 

Refrain. 
Then love our own dear Dixie 

And the boys who wore the gray. 
And cheer the grand old heroes 

As they march and march away! 
Forever and forever 

All hail to the true and the brave, 
Whose love for dear old Dixie Land 

Still lives on beyond the grave! 

Our magnolias bloom as ever, 

And the sun shines as of old ! 
Could the heart of dear old Dixie 

For her heroes e'er grow cold? 
Nay, let her sons' and daughters' 

Unchanged devotion prove 
The height of Dixie's sacred honor 

And the depth of Southern love ! 

Never yet defeat has cowered, 

Though the trial be as fire, 
Any worthy son or daughter 

Of an Anglo-Saxon sire! 
Like the oak that braves the tempests 

And grows stronger with each blast, 
So do the souls of Dixie's heroes 

Rise to conquest to the last ! 



S. B. Donaldson, Route No. 3, Lynn- 
ville, Tenn., wishes to learn the com- 
pany and regiment to which Frederick 
Becton McClure belonged in the Con- 
federate army. He entered the service 
from Marshall County, Tenn. 



-Airs. William Shearer, of Sheridan, 
Ark., wishes to make proof of the serv- 
ice of her husband, William Shearer, 
who was a South Carolinian, and was 
at the close of hostilities at Appomattox, 
and perhaps a member of General Lee's 
escort. Surviving comrades will confer 
a favor by writing her. 



R. N. Hull, of Challis, Idaho, writes 
of having two uncles in the Confeder- 
ate army, and he is anxious to locate 
any of their descendants who may be 
living now in the South. These uncles 
were Ezekiel and Richmond Nickless, 
and they left their home, in Carlisle, 
Mass., and settled at Guntersville, Ala., 
long before the war. 



On the right of the battle of Franklin 
a Confederate soldier, wounded, was 
carried by the Federal troops across the 
river and cared for by them. Later in 
the night the lieutenant colonel of the 
37th Mississippi Regiment, being 
also wounded, was placed near the sol- 
dier, and hearing the groans of the sol- 
dier, asked that he be placed near by 
him. This was done. The soldier, M. 
V. DeVault, of Jonesboro, Tenn., Route 
10, would be grateful to any one giving 
him information as to the name and ad- 
dress of the lieutenant colonel if still 




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A. L. Smith, of Belton, S. C, is 
anxious to hear from some of the com- 
rades of his father, Wilbur F. Smith, 
who served in Company B, Cobb's 
1 .cgion of Georgia Cavalry. 



J. S. Hopkins, R. F. D. No. 4, Char- 
lottesville, Va., asks that some reader of 
the Veteran will give him information 
of Chester Price, or Pierce, who, he 
thinks, was from Georgia, and was in 
charge of a detail at Point Lookout dur- 
ing the war. In this detail was a man 
named Coleman. One detail had charge 
of the officers' camps under Sergeant 
Bogden, of the Federal army. 



Capt. Edgar J. Franklin, 122 Peckhan: 
Park Road, London, S. E., England, 
who served the Confederacy as head of 
the ordnance corps attached to the staff 
of Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Drayton, would 
like to hear from some of his old com- 
rades. He was previously a member of 
a horse battery under General Magruder 
in the Trans-Mississippi Department, 
and remembers particularly Capt. Ed 
mund P. Turner and Lieutenant Yancey, 
of General Magruder's staff. 

K UKLU X~K LAN 

This booklet published by order of Missis- 
sippi Ulvlslonll. D. C , to be sold and proceeds 
to go to the erection of a monument at 
Beauvolr, Miss, thome of Jefferson Davis), to 
the memory of Coniederate Veterans, con- 
tains absolutely correct history of the origin 
of this famous Klan. Price, 25ets. each; post- 
age, le. for single copies, 3c. for six, 5c. for 
twelve, \ddress MRS. S. E. F. ROSE, Histo- 
rian, Mississippi Division J. D. C, West 
Point, MJss. 



Qo^federat^ l/eteran. 



47 




Confederate 
Veterans' 
and Sons of 
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42 1 London Street Portsmouth, Va. 



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The ii I ii-.- ■ .hi i.i .ii ni tbe pr'at painting rj "Lee and His Genera's, " I .y <; :orge B. Mattl 
of Virginia. 1 Ccncral Marcus J. Wright indorsrs it aifolloWS: "Iregardll n - one of the finest naictings. 

lever saw. Theiruthfuln ssot featu eoi all tins,, great generals is mort remarkable. Tim Litho- 
graph copy is a most striking and accurate reproduction ci the original. I hope al! Confederates will procure 
copies." 1. 'J' I !•' I ithograpu is in color. Size, 27x16 inches. State agents can mak • must liberal 
contracts. Agents wanted in every city and town in tin' South, 1 Sent by mail on receipt of P5 cent?. 
Every home should have a picture. Those desiring to procure thid j it Lithograph must order now, 
us the supply is i early exhausted au 1 no more will be printed. Address 

MATTHEWS & COMPANY. 1420 New York Ave.. Washington, D. C. 



FROM BULL RUN TO APPOMATTOX 

By L. W. HOPKINS 

Of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's Cavalry 

T'.x.m,. Pagea.819 Cloth. Illustrated. 

SI. to, Including Postage 

Buy this book I'm- your library. It is in 
many of the best libraries in the count ry, 

Governor Mann, of Virginia, says ol it: "I 
read it through at once; in fact, found it dif- 

,!,, *!'. l' l,t it down „ n tii lt was finished." 

lho I outti's Companwi frequently quotes 
from it and has placet r on its Premium 

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sides. 

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408 N. Eutaw Street Baltimore, Md. 



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Have YOU Seen It? Its Yours lor the Asking 

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CINCINNATI 



Many Novelties in Our Not 
Catalogue. Write for One. 



MEYER'S MILITARY SHOP 

Department B 
1231 Pa. Ave., N.W. Washington, D. C. 



Confederate Soldiers 

their n idows ami children, who haveclaii 
bor-esaud equipments taken from the soldier 1 y 
Federal troops, in violation of the terms of his 
surrender, must file same before May 30, 1911, 
or they will be forever barred, The undersigned 
prosecutes fches > claims; mak sno charge unless 
the claim is allow n i : 35 per cent If collected. 
Respectfullv, 
W. L. JETT, Attorney, Frankfort, Ky 



LET ME DO YOUR SHOPPING 

N ■ matter what yon « ant— street ant*, wedding 
". roceptton or evening gown I n i.\ 

PEN > I \ v.. oi hand i ■ and costly— send for my 

• ample e and estimates bi rore placing your or- 
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inv knowledge of styles— being tn tonefa vrltn 
the l»*niihn' fiifliititti oenters— mj conscientious 
handling oi each and every order, wheuiei largo 
oi small l know I oan i-i^nse yon. 

MRS CHARLES ELLISON. 607 Alherfon Bldg,. Louisville. Ky 



CONFEDERATE MAT 

A MAT FOR FRAMING 
THE CONFEDERATE NOTE 

I'aa the Confederate fla^s crossed at the 
bop and tlio famous "Lines on the I 
er.it i' Note" grouped about a S] 
note, Makes an interesting and atti 
addition to any collection of Oonfe 
pietur-s. ('an l»o had for 15c apiece, or 
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sore er^ Dr. I5A AC-THoMPiONj EYEWATER. 



48 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eteran. 



MEMOIRS OF JEFFERSON DAVIS 

Beautiful and Just Tribute by His Wife 

No one was so well prepared to write of the ex- 
alted character of this grand man as his wife, who 
in the close comradeship of over a quarter of a cen- 
tury had seen that character develop through suc- 
cess and failure, through joy and sorrow, in shadow 
and sunlight. 

Mrs. Davis had kept her finger upon the pulse 
of the exciting times of war, and thoroughly under- 
stood the bearing of events upon the lift) of Mr. 
Davis; and her book portrays these scenes in a mas- 
terly manner, leaving out no side lights that are 
needed for a thorough comprehension of things as 
they were. 

The VETERAN has the sole agency for these 
books, only a limited number of which can be iad, 
as they are out of print. While the edition last* -hey 
will be sold at a bargain. They are in two voiumes, 
octavo, richly illustrated. 

PRICES, WITH BINDINGS, PER SET 

Best English Cloth $ 5 00 

English Grained Cloth 6 50 

Half Morocco, Marbled Edges 7 50 

Half Russia, Gilt Top, Uncut Edges 8 00 

Half Calf, Marbled Edges 10 00 

Pull Turkey Morocco, Full Gilt 12 00 

The VETER7t\ will supply them at 20 per cent 
off, paying the postage or express. 



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY 



A Library of Confederate States History in Twelve Volumes 

Written by able and distinguished Southern men, 
with Gen. Clement A. Evans, of Georgia, Editor-in-Chief, 

This extensive Confederate publication has the com- 
mendation of the Historical Committee of the United 
( onfederate Veterans. The military history of earh Coo- 
federate State is given separately. Such writers as Prof. 
J. L. M. Curry, of Virginia, Capt. W. R. Garrett, of 
Tennessee, ami Gen. C anient A. Evans, of Georgia, 
touch ou the Constitutional questions and the Civil and 
Political events which brought on the Confederate move- 
ment, while the military history of the States is given by 
Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Maryland; Maj. Jed Hotch- 
kiss, of Virginia; Prof. D. H. Hill, Jr., of North Carolina; 
Gen. Ellison Capers, South Carolina; Gen. Joe Wheeler, 
Alabama; Col. Chas. E. Hooker. Mississippi: ex-Governor 
Porter, Tennessee; Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Kentucky; 
Col. Moore, Missouri; Gen. J. M. Harrell. Arkansas; Prof. 
Dimitry, Louisiana; Governor Roberts, Texas; ' Gen. 
Robert While, West Virginia. 

The Veteran has by cash payment secured control of 
the entire edition of this valuable work, and while the sup- 
ply lasts will furnish the entire edition 

AT HALF 1 PRICE 

This is a fine opportunity to secure a most complete 
history of the Confederate Government at moderate cost. 
Cloth." $21.00; half leather. $30 00. 

Ths most complete Confederate history should be in 
every private library South and every public library in the 
country. Order at once, and if not convenient to pay cash, 
the amount may be sent in partial payments. Address 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, Nashville, Tenn. 



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MEMBERSHIP SUPREME COURT UNITED STATES 

Top row: Willis Van Devanter (Indiana, 1859), Wyoming; Horace H. Lurton (Kentucky 
tS 44 '. I ennessee; Chas. E. Hughes(i862), New York; Jos. R. Lamar (1857), Geoi 

Bottom row: Oliver W. Holmes (1 841), Massachusetts; J. M. Harlan (1833), Kentucky; 
Edw. D.White (1845), Chief Justice, Louisiana; Jos. McKrnna (1843), California; Win. R. 
Day (1849), Ohio, [First picture of entire Court made in fifteen years.] 

The Bees show the range from 78(049, Harlan being the oldest and Hughes the youngest. 
Salary of Chief .lustier, $13,000; other members, (12,500, 

Two of the Justices, 1 urton a d Day, were of the V. S. Circuit Court of Appeals in the 
famous libel suit against the Editor of the VETERAN, which court decided in his favor. 



■ 



5° 



Confederate? l/eteran, 




The ahovo cut is that of the gr°at painting of "Lee and His Genera's, " by George B. Matthews, 
of Virginia. ^ General Marcus J. Wright indorses it a> follows: "I regard it as one o£ the finest paintings 
I ever saw. The truthfulness of feature of all these great generals is most remarkable. The Litho- 
graph Copy is a most striking and accurate reproduction oi the original. I hope al! Confederates will procure 
!, copies." V.TJie Lrthbgrapn is in color. Size, 2Txlfi inches. State agents can make most liberal 
contracts. Aueuts wanted in every city and town in the South. ' Sent by mail on receipt of S5 cents. 
Every home should have a picture. Those desiring to procure this great Litnograph must order now, 
as the supply is nearly exhausted and no more will be printed. Address 

MATTHEWS & COMPANY. 1420 New York Ave., Washington, D. C. 










r , Bv MATTHEWS 8c CQ 



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•U Patents Procured in All Countries. <jj Trade-Marks and La- 
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as to Scope and Validity of Patents. €Jf Validity Searches, Etc. 



CORRESPONDENCE INVITED. 



OFFICE: 515 to 522 Evans Building, Washington, D. C. 



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You Hear! 

when you use 

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Information and book of letters 
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WILSON EAR DRUM CO. 

?7t» Todd Building (U) Louisville. Kentucky 



Mrs. Josephine Hood Keyes, 1616 
Marquette Building, Chicago, 111., wishes 
to ascertain the company and regiment i'i 
which Oliver Cutter served. She states 
that he was among the first soldiers en-' 
listed in Tennessee and also of the first 
sent out of the State, and it sgems that 
he was one of the "Home Guards" en- 
listed by Martin Cotton. After the fall 
of Fort Donelspn, Cutter was brought 
to Nashville a prisoner, thence taken to 
Rock Islaiid with others, and there he 
died of smallpox ; but his name, cannot 
he found on any of the records there. 
It is hoped that some comrades will re- 
member him and can give the informa- 
tion sought. 

. 



CONFEDERATE MAT 

A MAT FOR FRAMING 
THE CONFEDERATE NOTE 

rias the Confederate flags crossed at the' 
top and the famous '"Lines on the Confed 3 
erate Note" grouped about a space xor the 
note. Makes an interesting and attractive 
addition to any collection, of Confederate 
pictures. Can be had for J5c apiece, or 
$13.50 j...r hundred, by applying to 

MRS. tLlZABETH MORGAN SIMMONS 
Martinsville, Va. 



Confederate l/eteran. 



5' 




Confederate 
Veterans' 
and Sons of 
Confederate 
Veterans' 



@wm\ 



We are official manufacturers 

of uuifurms and goods yon i I. 

Send for catalogue. Our goods 
are strictly military and guaran- 
teed in j?ive entire satisfaction. 
Send for catalogue and prices. 

The M. C. Lilley & Co. 

Columbus, Ohio 



[confederate silk flags 


Mounted on staffs with 
gilt spear t < >| >s. 


\'\ :: inches, * .04 each. 

■ I\ 11 '• .OS •• 

8x13 " .'.'1 " 
12x18 " .id " 
24x88 " 1.85 " 


Scud for free price list. 


MEYER'S MILITARY SHOP 


Dcpt. B, 1231 Pennsylvania A*e.. N. W. 


[ Washington, - D. C. 



/ 




"%ND0N~] HIGH 
ANTING F CLASS 
COMPANP PRINTING 




Facts about 
PRINTING 

^J[ To obtain efficiency in the re- 
sult, whether it be in the Station- 
ery, the Catalogue, the Litho- 
graphing, the Blank Books, or 
whatever task the printer ma, be 
called upon to perform, you must 
demand the best — HIGH-CLASS 
PRINTING. This we are pre- 
pared to produce by virtue of ex- 
perience, artisans employed, and 
equipment. €]f We g : ve thought to 
our productions. Write to l-s. We 
will be able to carry out your ideas or 
possibly to suggest something new. 

BRANDON PRINTING CO. 



Nashville, 



Tenn. 



EC KLUX KLAN 

Tills booklet published by order of Missis 
sippi Divisioi, r i>.< , to be sold and proceeds 
to go to ti"' erection <>i a monument at 
Beauvolr, Miss, [home of .irtTerson Davis), to 
the memory of Confederate Veterans, con- 
tains absolutely correct history of the origin 
of this Famous Ki.in. Price, 2Scts. each; post • 
a«i\ ir. tor- single copies, 8c. lorsix, r<c. for 
twelve, vddress MPs. s. E. K. ROSE!, Histo- 
rian. Mississippi Division TJ. D. 0., West 
Point, Miss. 



For Ovc Sixty Years 

kn Old and Weil-Tried Remedy 

MRS. WINSLOWS SOOTHING SYRUP 

ivrv \ i ins bi Milt IONS of R01 II- 

I Mil UK I \ H 111! I I I r'TIHMl, Ullll VIM I I I 
h MHlTIU-S tl,o <)lltr> H ^*'l ti Ilia 01 VS. AL- 

LAY* all Mi V i L'RI S WIND COI.IC, on i li Ilia bert ■ 

Bo ■! i ■ ^ 1-, ugg -'■ " ' v i" ! ' "' n "- ■ 

25 Cents a Bottle 



Confederate Soldiers 

their p iilow^ and children, n ' <> hav ■ claii 
bur oh and i-qniprnente taken fn nitlie noldlerl y 
rViii-riti troiiiM, in violation <>t t be t«-i ma ol bia 
pnrrender. mont Ale Bame before May 30, 1911 
or thej will »m> foren r barred. The onderaUmed 
nrneucntee thne « cln ma; mak s no charge unleea 
the claim Is allowed : '-'■"> per <"«-iit if collected. 
ReApectfullv. 
W. I,. .TETT, Att trney, Frankfort, Ky. 



FROM BULL RUN 
TO APPOMATTOX 

The second edition will be ready 
Ford stribution aboul February Let. 
The new i <>«>k tsgreal ly enlarged ami 
improved, containing ninety-five ad- 
ditional pages and many new and in- 
teri sting iihi-t rut tout*. * Orders sent 
in now will be Blled al the old i rice 
nanu'ly, $1.10, including postage. 
This book should be in every library. 
If yon do not think bo, ask the Con- 
i i di kate Veteran. Address 

L. W. HOPKINS 

408 N. Euinw St., Baltimore, Md. 



NEAT and NOBBY are the UNIFORMS 
made by 

PETTIBONE 

Prices from $7.SO Up 

Our Catalogue No. 330 is filled with illus- 
trations and interesting prices on Uniforms, 
Insignia, Flags, and Novelties for 

CONFEDERATE VETERANS 

Have YOU Seen It? Its Yours (or (lie Asking 

THE PETTIBONE BROS. MFG. CO. 

CINCINNATI 





THE BEST PLACE 
to purchase all'wool 

Bunting or 
Silk Flags 

of all kinds 


Silk Banners, S^ 

and all Mnds ' '■ 
Society 

Veteran J. 1 . JOE! 
Scad lor Frk c Lis 


rvords, Belts, Caps 

Hilary Equipment and 
Goods Is at 

^ i CO., 38 Nassau St. 

New York City 



Echoes From Dixie 



A truly Southern song i k. published by 

tho United Confederate Choirs of America, 
containing a collection ol songs used in the 
South prior t<- and during the War between 
the States. 

Aiu'Mil: the fifty songs words ami music) 
oonta uedin "ECHOES FROM DIXIE j >n 
will find such gems as "The Southern Girl 

or Homespun Dress," "Ail Q talongthe 

Potomac To-Night, " " Boi k Me to 
" When This Cruel War Is Over," D 
"Bonnie Blue Flag," ' Farewell tothoStar- 
Spangled Banner, etc 

Published by the United Confederate 
Choirs of America Price, fifty cents; post 
age, mx cents extra. At > 

MRS. J. GRIFF. EDWARDS 
42 1 London Street Portsmouth, Va. 



W. 1 1. 1 ryr. oi Lynchburg, Va . is 
trying to locate John Baxter Ornohun- 
dro, who, he iliin'x. is living somewhere 

\ 



in Texas. 1 1< was a fim an I 

often cheered the weary marches by his 



52 



Qonfederat^ l/eterap. 



THE AVERAGE MAN 

Wants a steady income, good health, friends, and a happy home. 

He is more certain to have all of these if he is prudent in the way he handles his 
money. If he saves, he will finally receive enough income from has bank account to 
be of material assistance to him in meeting 1 his usual obligati- ns. 

Saving will relieve him of worry, raise 1 im in the estimation of friends, and 
eventually enable him to own his own home and provide liberally for his family. 

£1 opens an account in this bank which pays 3,' interest per annum. 

THE AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK, Nashville, Tenn. 

"The Only Million-Dollar National Bank in Tennessee" 

SAVINGS DEPARTMENT OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS 6 TO 8 



The 
Liverpool 
and London 
and Globe 
Insurance 
Company 



Has endeavored during its 
service of fifty-eight years 
in the United States to ex- 
emplify the definition of 
the words "to insure'' — 
viz., "to make certain or 
secure." Every loss claim- 
ant insured in this Com- 
pany and affected by the 
serious conflagrations in 
this and oilier countries 
will, we believe, testify to 
the sense of security they 
experience in possessing 
our policies and of satis- 
faction at our settlements. 




1 Am the Custodian 
of the Official U. C. 
V. Society Button 



which only Confederate Veterans 
who are members of U. C. V. Camps 
and their wives and daughters are en- 
titled to wear; same may be had by 
' writing me and inclosing the price of 
: same. Gold, $i : plated, 50 cents each. 

J. F. SHIPP, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Quartermaster General, United Con- 
federate Veterans 



SORE EYES? %?■&! 

Teel Tired After Day's Work? Nothing will 
give so sure relief as an application of 

Thompsons EYE WATER 

Freshens and strengthens the delicate tissues. 
:Should form a part of the daily toilet. 

Fur Sale hy all Drug tils. Price, 25c. 

Write for set of Allegorical Art Pictures FwEE. 

JOHN L. THOMPSON. SONS & COMPANY 

159-3 RIVER ST., TROY, N. Y. 




ORDER Your 
C. S. A. Grave 

Markers Now 

so you will have 
them on Decora- 
tion Day. Price, 
25 cents each, in 
lots of 50 or more. 

William H. Birge 

Franklin, Pa. 



LET ME DO YOUR SHOPPING 

No matter what you want— stre -tsnit. weddir-g 
trousseau, reception or evening gown— INEX- 
PENSIVE, or handsome and cof.tly— send for my 
samples and estimates before placing your or- 
der. With my years' experience in shopping 
my knowledge of styles— be* ng in touch with 
the leading fashion centers- -my conscientious 
handling of each, and every « -rder, whether largg 
01 small— I know I can pler'.se you. 

MRS CHARLES ELLISON, 607 Atl.-rlon Bltlg . Louisville, Ky 



BETTER THAN BONDS. 
"A Sure Legacy for Whom You Love.'' 

We offer for sale a tract of land lying 
on top of Cumberland Mountain about 
nine miles from Winchester, Tenn. This 
tract contains one hundred acres, less 
one acre sold for public school purposes. 
On it are two strong chalybeate springs, 
about one-fourth of a mile apart, and the 
flow of water, judicioulsy conserved, 
would be ample for ten thousand guests. 
About fifteen feet from the main cha 
lybeate spring is a spring of freestone 
water — copious, cold, and pure. These 
waters conjoin a rod or so below, form- 
ing a beautiful cascade. Hundreds have 
been restored to health by their use. 

The only drawback is a very rough 
road by the hauling of much lumber, yet 
it is in such demand that improvements 
will evidently be made ere long. 

An old issue of the Winchester News 
Journal states: "These springs are well 
known for their curative properties. 
Many of our local citizens can attest to 
this as a desirable summer resort." 

There are several houses on the prop- 
erty, much of the land is in a good state 
nf cultivation, and the price is $1,000 
on easy terms, a trifle over $10 per acre. 
It is well known as Keith's Springs, 
but has been owned until recently by 
Major Slatter individually for thirtj 
years. S. A. Cunningham, Nashville. 

W. J. Slatter, Winchester, Tenn. 



The Direct Route to 

Washington 
Baltimore 
Philade' _hia 
New York and 
all Eastern Cities 
from the South 
and Southwest 
<s via Bristol and the 

Norfolk & 
Western Ry 

Through Trains 
Sleepers, Dining Cat 

Best Route to 

Richmond 
Norfolk, and all 
Virginia Points 

WARREN L. ROHR. Western Passengei Agent 
Chattanooga Tenn. 

W. B. BEVILL General Passenger Agent 
Roanoke, Va. 



Qoi?federate l/eterap. 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second class matter. 
Contrihutnr; in equested to use onlv one side of the paper, and I" iMtcv ] 

ricumucfa < practicable. These suggestions are important! 

Where clippings are sent copy should he kept, as the Veteran cannot un 
Hxrtake to return them. Advertising rates furnished on application. 

i tte 1., i subscription is always given to the month before ii end I 
instance, it the Veteran is ordered to begin with January, the date i 
ill be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



rhecrvf/wftl was too tone; a^o to be called the late war, and when col 
■aapondents use that term " Wat between the States" will he substituted. 

Theterme "New South" and " lost cause" are objectionable to the Veteran. 



OFFICIALLY REPRESENTS: 

United Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters ok the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans, and Other Organizations, 

Confederated Sot ithbrn Memorl Association. 

rhe Veteran is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and mort 
I. tted patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in existence. 

Though men deserve, thev may not win success; 
rhe brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



.■• h ri nil Yeah ■ 

NGI f I'orv In I 'KNTs. * 



Vol. XIX. 



NASHVILLE, TEXX., FEBRUARY, 1911. 



No. :'. 



- A c rNNINUHAi* 
< Proprietor 



LEADING ARTICLES IN THIS NUMBER. 

Badges for United Daughters 53 

Georgians in ll<md's Texas Brigade 53 

Arlington Confederate Monument 54 

Shiloh Mi nnmi'iit Fund 54 

Diligence in Friendship— Editorial 56 

John Bn >\vn, of Kansas 58 

History of United Daughters of the Confederacy.... 6) 

United Daughters in Kentucky ami in Georgia 6 64 

m Davis Home Association 63 

Presentation i" Gen. William E. Mickle 65 

Eastland Family of Early Hays 68 

"The Bird of Art" in 1865 6g 

Confederate \mn Discipline 70 

rhree Soldiei Brothers (see theii pictures) 70 

1 the Fighting Parsons — J. P. McMillin 71 

Scouting wiili General Wheeler 72 

rities in Northwest Arkansas ; I 

n Southern Florida 75 

ederates Buried at Shepherdstown, W. Va 75 

lar Meeting if Two Veterans 76 

1 "ii, , mint; Haiti. ,1 ( ietiyslmrg 77 

Wi tes 1 !en i I 1 Di mgla 7S 

Roll 

Fi -1 Fighl li. 1 ivalry with Gunboats 84 

Prodigious Railroad Work at Lynchburg 85 

h of Mr. Milton H. Smith 86 



FOR THI 1 D DAI GHTERS 

\ irg mi , Faulknei Vfi Shi rrj . Pn sident 1 Jenei al U I ' 
C, writes of delay in 1 I badgi I gi eal disap 

pointment to your President and also to the Insignia Com 
that ihe 1 adgi are 1 1 idy to put on sale. t"o cut 

the steel ilies is verj delicate work, and cannot be hurried 
hut j 11st as sot n as possible < 1 tliink it will be some time in 
February) they will bi supplied Bj request from the I 

■ rmits will be sent by the Chairman, Mrs 
L II Rait " 1 Miff\ Strei innah, Ga I h 

genet al ition will handle thi and ci ml "1 thi 

I thi m \ happj New Year to all 1 and I wish 

that much good work mi implislved foi 

cause." 



SENDING SAMPLE COPIES OF THE VETERAN, 

Recentb a number of letters state "Ii you send sample 

copies." It was presumed that patrons generally know that 

samples are gladlj sent free. The rule has been to do thi< 

invariably, I la Veteran would gladly send 100,000 sample 

copies free, and the Commanders ol evei Ci f Veterans 

and Sons and everj Chapter, U. D. C, are not onlj authori ed 
but earnestly requested to send the nam ry member 

not taking it for a sample copy. This request applies a 
to every member of the Confederated Memorial Associ 
This organization is perhaps the best of all in the patronage 
if us members. 



Gl ORGIA V5 i\ f/Oi D'S VI \ IS 

BY \ I CON] GAIN] .1111 Mi 

lii the Veteran for December injustice is do 
bod} 1 I nan and officers a- ever drew sabei or 

defen 1 oi the South and for what she fought the 
wholi world foi Eoui long years Whether the wrong was 
di 1, intentional!} or through ignorance of the writer, it mat- 
ters la 1. for history should be onlj facts. 

I he w nt<i m gi\ ing a historj ol Hood 1 : ■ 

fails i" mention the 18th Georgia Regiment, which, with the- 
ii. and 5th Texas Regiments, composed Hood' 

rhe 18th Georgia arrived in Richmond some time in 
July, [861, ed i" Louis I Wigfall's command, 

then stationed mar Evansport, on the Potomac, where we 
arrived in September. The winter was spent in picket dutj 
along the banl ol the Potomac and in supporting 
to a batterj oi heavj guns on the bluffs ■ 1 this river, thus 
blocking the passage of vessels. How well I those 

cold, snowj days and week- and months building winter quar- 
ii. 1 drilling in lair weather ! 

Winter past, we took up the march to Yorktown, and 
back i" Richmond \t Eltham's Landing u 
attack nf the enemy on our dank, run out from the landing 
mi York River. Hood's Brigade was engaged I ' 
time. The next battle was Seven Pines and then un 
wall Jai k mi "ii Mel 'I. Han' right, G 
and 1" lii icr's Farm, White Oak Swamp, and 

the campaign was made into Maryland. 
31. Nl \t cam. II i 



54 



Qopfederat^ Veterai?. 



town Gap, .Md.. and the bloody battle of Sharpsburg or 
Antietam on September 17. 

Just before the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 
1862, the consolidation of State troops took place, and the 
[8th Georgia went to the brigade of T. R. R. Cobb, who was 
killed in that battle. 

In all of these engagements the iSth Georgia, with Hood's 
Brigade, fought gallantly and lost heavily in killed and 
wounded. I will not say who commanded the brigade in the 
battle of Gaines Mill, June 27, whether Wigfall or Hood, but 
I saw General Wigfall on the field. 

In the face of the facts how can any writer thus ignore 
the part the 18th Georgia took in all of these battles, where 
so many gallant Georgians fell? I write in simple justice to 
our noble dead and the few living participants. Should these 
lines meet the eyes of any of the surviving Texans, they will 
verify facts. Who nicknamed the 18th Georgia the "3d Texas ?" 

[Without referring to the article criticized, the Veteran 
will state that in all that has been published there never has 
been manifest a purpose to ignore the gallant men of other 
States who shared the perils and privations of those gallant 
1 exans. They may not have special mention in writing of 
Hood's Texas Brigade, but it seems to have been so well 
understood that they merited equal honor that it seems un- 
fortunate to make such an issue.] 



THIRD ARKANSAS INFANTRY. 

In the "Confederate Military History," Volume X., Para- 
graph 2 (which set of twelve volumes is being supplied by the 
Veteran), Col. John M. Harrell, of Harrell's Arkansas Cav- 
alry Battalion, editor of the Arkansas Volume, states that the 
3d Arkansas Infantry was organized at Lynchburg, Va., and 
was really the first regiment of regular troops of the Confed- 
eracy from Arkansas enlisted "for the war." 

Dr. W. H. Tibbs and Van H. Manning organized companies 
and marched them from Ashley County. These two captains 
got permission to go to Virginia with their little "battalion." 
Maiming obtained the influence of Hon. Albert Rust, formerly 
a member of Congress, to organize eight companies, and 
joined the two companies at Lynchburg, where the regiment 
was organized. Rust became colonel. Manning major, and Dr. 
Tibbs captain of Company A. 

The regiment did v ry hard service in West Virginia and 
participated in many of the hard battles under Brig. Gen. 
James G. Walker, and was later assigned to the brigade of 
Gen. T. H. Holmes July 1, 1862. Later at Fredericksburg it 
was recruited by consolidating with it five Arkansas companies 
in Broaugh's Battalion. It was assigned to Hood's Texas 
Brigade at Fredericksburg. It was sent with Longstreet to 
Knoxville and Chickamauga, and under Gen. John Gregg 
fought in the battle of the Wilderness. At Cold Harbor Colo- 
nel Harrell states that Texas and Arkansas troops exemplified 
.1 valor that never was surpassed. Although after being re- 
cruited to 1,500 men by Broaugh's Battalion, it surrendered 
with three hundred guns at Appomattox. After Cold Har- 
bor the regiment was at Deep Run, Petersburg, High Bridge, 
and Farmville. At Spottsylvania Colonel Harrell states that 
after th e 4th and 5th Texas Regiments had been repulsed the 
3d Arkansas drove back a Maine regiment. 

Three Members of Gen. R. E. Lee's Stake Survive. — Capt. 
Frederick M. Colston writes to the Veteran to say that of 
General Lee's staff, in addition to Colonel Taylor and Major 
Young, Maj. Giles B. Cooke, assistant inspector general, also 
survives, and is now living at Matthews C. H., Va., where he 
is rector of Episcopal Churches. 



ARLINGTON CONFEDERATE MONUMENT. 

Treasurer's Retort for Month Ending November 30, 1910. 
Receipts. 

Mrs. John W. Tench, Director for Florida, $26. Con- 
tributed by John B. Gordon Chapter. No. 1088, U. D. C. 
Muscogee. Fla., $5; Southern Cross Chapter, No. 796, U. D. 
C , Miami, Fla., $21. 

Mrs. J. W. Hi, afield, Director for Illinois, $13.50. Con- 
tributed by Southern Club, Chicago, 111., $8.50; Dr. W. A 
Evans, Health Department, Chicago, 111., $5. 

Mrs. Elijah Conklin, Director for Nebraska, $1.25. 

Mrs. John J. Crawford, Director for New York, $7. Con 
tributed by members of New York Chapter. No. 103, U. D 

C, New York City. 

Mrs. W. R. Clement, Director for Oklahoma, $13. Con- 
tributed by S. D. Lee Chapter, No. 759, U. D. C, Eufaula. 
Okla., $5; Oklahoma Chapter, No. 1181, U. D. C, Oklahoma 
City, Okla., $2.50; Joe Wheeler Chapter, No. 917, U. D. C. 
Wagoner. Okla.. $2.50; Fanny Wilkins Chapter. No. 993, U 

D. C, Norman, Okla., $3. 

Mrs. I. W. Faison, Director for North Carolina, $100. 

Mrs. T. W. Keitt, Director for South Carolina, $8. Con- 
tributed by Mrs. J. A. Burton. 

Mrs. Thomas S. Bocock, Director for Virginia, $82. Con- 
tributed by Richmond Chapter, No. 158, U. D. C, Richmond. 
Va., $25; Alleghany Chapter, No. 416, U. D. C, Covington, 
Va., $6; Virginia Division, U. D. C, $50; Mrs. L. Temple, $1. 

Mr. J. H. Leonard. Wichita, Kans., $2. 

Mr. Arthur Parker, Abbeville, S. C, $1. 

Total receipts for the month, $253.75. 

Balance on hand November 1, 1910, $19,617.12. 

Report Ending December 31, 1910. 
Receipts. 

Mrs. Clementine Boles, Director for Arkansas, $5. Con- 
tributed by Mrs. J. P. Tatum, Eldorado, Ark. 

Mrs. Lillie F. Worthington, Director for Mississippi, $115. 
Contributed by Durant Chapter, No. 973, U. D. C, Durant, 
Miss., $10; Coffeeville Chapter, No. 457, U. D. C, Coffecyilie, 
Miss., $10; Twiggs Rifles Chapter, No. 1138, U. D. C, Scran- 
ton, Miss.,' $10; Tupelo Chapter, No. 888, U. D. C, Tupelo, 
Miss., $10; sale of Arlington stamps, $70; Confederate post 
cards, $5. 

Mrs. Thomas W. Keitt, Director for South Carolina, $15. 
Contributed by Stephen D. Lee Chapter, No. 1066, U. D. C. 
Clinton, S. C, $5 ; Paul McMichael Chapter, No. 427, U. D. C. 
Orangeburg, S. C, $5 ; Wade Hampton Chapter, No. 29, U. 
1 ). C, Columbia, S. C, $5. 

Mrs. J. B. Dibrell, Director for Texas, $5. Contributed by 
John B. Gordon Chapter, No. 839, U. D. C, Huntsville, Tex. 

Balance on hand last report, $19,870.87. 

Total, $20,010.87. Wallace Streater, Treas irci 

SHILOH MONUMENT FUND. 
Report of Mrs. Roy W. McKinney, Treasurer. 

Stonewall Jackson Chapter, Cuthbert, Ga $ 3 00 

J. H. Lewis Chapter, Frankfort, Ky. 1 06 

A. S. Johnston Chapter, Louisville, Ky 1000 

Stonewall Jackson Chapter, New Orleans, La 5 00 

Ex. from Mrs. R. E. Randolph, Alexander City, La.... 28 00 
Mrs. Katie C. Schnabe, New Orleans, La. (personal).. 2 00 

New York Chapter, New York, N. Y 25 00 

C. of C, Aux. to R. E. Lee Chapter, Puryear, Tenn... 1 00 

Virginia Division 50 00 

Total in hards of Treasurer. $8,846.86. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



55 



DEATHS UNDER FLAG OF EIGHTH TENNESSEE. 




Murfreesboro on the 2d of January, 1863." It is signed by S. 
II. Freas, commanding the company. A note from this modest 
comrade states: "I am sure the compliment was paid me 
simply because I was so terribly wounded." 



PR. NAT GOOCH, LOGUE NELSON. W1I.11WI L. M KAY. 

This picture presents the ling of the lSth Tennessee In- 
fantry. Palmer's Regiment, and the last (lure men who carried 
it through the- battle of Murfreesboro It was made by Miss 
Mat Watkins, of Murfreesboro, partlj of the wedding dress 
of Mrs. Gen. John C. Breckinridge and presented to the regi- 
ment by Miss Watkins. [Mrs. Breckinridge presented an- 
other flag to a regiment at Tullahoma.] It was received by 
Adjt. John Douglas, and after the battle it was given to a 
lady friend of his in preserve, as the small battle flag was 
adopted at that time. It was latel) restored to Logue Nel on, 
the last man who carried it. I luring the battle ten men were 

hoi down under it. Comrade Nelson onlj escaping unhurt. 
The color hearer of the regimen) was George Lowe, oi 
Company C". and eight guards, threi of whom wen shot on 

December .it, 1862, and six on January 2, 1863, in Breckin- 
ridge's fatal charge Lowe .md McKaj were the last of the 
fall. Lowe was mortally wounded, and as he fell Me- 
Kay caught the colors, and almost instantly he was terribly 
wounded (apt. Nat Gooch, of General Palmer's taff, then 
ed a soldier to pick up the flag, and was told to "pick it 
up yourself," Captain Gooch did so, but was 50 on severel) 

wounded in the shoulder ami right band, and then banded the 

to Lieutenant bakes, who in turn gave it to Logue 
Nelson, who carried n through the b 

W. I. McKay was 50 severely wounded thai he 
secured no attention foi si tro timi When thi surgeons finall) 
gave him attention, thej decided to amputati bis leg He bad 
been shot through the body and an arm as well, lie I 
them most piteously to pan- bis [eg, so thai all parts of his 
' odj could be buried together. That leg is nol well yet, but he 
is grateful to have it, as be walks fairly well with 

1 omrade McKay has preserved this extract from Lieut. G. 

W. Dillon's diary: "February 9, 1863, Camp 18th renin 

Volunteer: Corp. W. L. McKay was unanimously chosen by 

< ompany I. iXth Tennessee, to be presented to the President 

tion for his superior gallantrj 1 n thi battl field ol 



THE BLOVN1 GUARDS FLAG 

BY 1.1 \. I M. VRNOLD, COVINGTON, KV 

Last fall I sent notice to the Veteran about a i onfederate 

flag thai was captured at the fall of Fort Donelson which was 

marked "Blounl Guards." The notice brought a letter from 

a comrade at Water Valley, Miss, «],,, stated thai it belonged 

to the Blount Guards which had been organized in I 
County, Miss., and was named for the first captain. 

1 bad some corn pondence with Chancellor I. T. Blount, of 
Water Valley, who is a brother of Captain BJount, who stated 
that the flag was made by bis sister and presented to the corn- 
pan} w In n il started to the front. 

I hi flag has been returned, and is now in possession ol 
Chancellor Blount. He writes me thai some time during the 
summer there will be a reunion of the few members of the 

Blounl Guards thai are living to rejoice over the return of 
their flag. The flag was in a good state of preservation and 
was made of the finest silk. 

I I Blount, of Water Valley, Miss., sent the following 
communication: "In a recent number of the Confederate 
\i ui;\\ the following notice appeared : 'Gen. James M. Arnold, 
of Covington. Ky.. writes of a Confederate flag, 4x7 feet, in 
possession ol a gentleman ol thai city 011 which is inscribed 
"Blounl Guards;" but no Stale is given.' * This 

attracted the attention of Capt. A. C Rucker, who 
notified Mr. Sam Miskclly, who was a membei oi the Blounl 
'ai. nds Mr. Miskclly conferred with me relative to the mat 

ter, and it is my purpose to take step- at once to gel possession 
of the flag. I will bear all expense if any is incurred in its 

recovery; and as the bag belongs to the surviving members 
of the company, it will be turned over in them to he dis- 
po ' '1 "I as the) may direct. My brother. Capl C G Blount, 

organi id the Blounl < luards." 



I rom I B Yeates, fort Worth. Tex.: "I am very grateful 
for the many historical facts brought out in the Veteran. I 
imie a comrade's reference to musit on the battlefield of 
Franklin, attributing it to Cockrell's Brigade I state that it 
was made b> the 28th Tennessee Regiment, which had been 
consolidated with the 8th Tennessee. 1 was on detail as a 
skirmisher. Colonel fields being 111 command of the skirmish 
line. We charged and drove in their pickets and drove also 
the first line of battle mil of their works, then we stopped until 

1 1 unng of our main line \\ bile waiting we heard the band 

playing 'Dixie.' and a wounded comrade by my side exclaimed 
'Mj God! Listen to thai band' I turned to see what band 
could be playing, and saw that it was our own regiment hand 
\bi.ui this time General Gist came up with hi- brigade im- 
mediate!} in our rear and got behind the works, and while 
trying to get his men to move forward he was killed and fell 
upon me. Cheatham's grand old divisii 11 swept over the 
works without halting and made a rush for tin lasl line." 

[The Editor of the Veteran remembers distinctly that a 

band began to play on the right of the Columbia pike almost 
immediately after General Hood decided to "make the light," 
a- be s.nd to .: subordinate officer Thai was on the line of 
the Winstead Hill, (blur bauds evidently followed suit, and 
that is w by Comrade bfeates heard his regiment band p 
. still ma) 11 d musii 1" foi e the 



^OF^federat^ l/eterarj. 



Confederate l/eterarj. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Term. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly dilig-ent. 

DILIGENCE IN FRIENDSHIP. 

A Senator of the United States serving before the Civil 
War lived to. a great age. He was an agnostic, and the writer 
talked to him upon the issues of life. The venerable man 
said he would not disturb the faith of any one, but he could 
not believe in the Christian doctrine. The greatly honored and 
the worthily beloved Edison is reported as having no faith 
beyond that of the golden rule — why doesn't he ground his 
wire? — and that he is dead five hours, every night. The Chris- 
tian possesses the inherent hope that makes compliance with 
the golden rule his guide, and he feels safely protected by the 
invisible Power against any storms that may come. 

With or without the Christian faith those who have lived 
many years concur in the lesson that the Veteran would im- 
press upon younger generations — the goodness of dilicpnce 
in friendship. Don't have contempt for nor ignore "the com- 
mon herd." Don't run over the humble with your automobile 
nor deafen them with frightful, horrid warnings that their 
lives can only be saved by frantic efforts to, escape your tor- 
nado. See too if you may not sometimes recognize people 
you formerly knew. Be conservative, remembering that there 
are greater than you, and that your machine may hurl you into 
eternity when you least expect it. [This illustration is given 
without warring upon this industry, for it is a great advantage 
over anything yet invented; it beats flying in the air, and there 
is nothing lovelier than dainty elosed-in electric cars used by 
ladies who demonstrate by their operation exquisite qualities 
of gentle womanhood. See how they stop when frightened 
horses from the country show fear to their drivers or riders.] 

A word to the very rich : With far less than Carnegie and 
Rockefeller have given away or Mrs. Sage has the responsibility 
of giving, many of you have become exclusive ; you ignore 
former associations; even your funerals are exclusive. Breth- 
ren, are your visions obliterated? Do you sometimes think of 
how long you may be lonely in the tomb ? Consider the 
brevity of your lives. You open and shut your eyes and are 
forgotten. Take agnosticism, follow the golden rule, or let 
down the great Anchor supplied by the Nazarene. If you pro- 
fess to be His follower, withdrawal from the lives of the un- 
fortunate is all the worse, and you will see that your short- 
sighted folly is the more deplorable for yourselves. "Be sure 
your sins will find you out." The tall, the wise, and the richest 
heads must lie in the lonesome tomb. An eternal vengeance 
will be exercised and lost opportunities for doing good to the 
least of fellow-beings will .-.ivse remorse and cannot be re- 
covered. Veteran comrades of bloody battles will concur in 
this plea, and such principles should be urged by them. 

Next to putting the Veteran in the hands of the hundreds 
of thousands who would treasure records that exalt the hu- 
man race its founder would plead for diligence in friendship, 
in helping the needy, and giving good cheer to the desolate. 

The Veteran is so much engaged in helping others un- 
avoidably that it does more perhaps than it is entitled to credit 
for. Remember that another policy of the Veteran is its de- 
testation of profanity. How silly it is to swear ! Ask the pro- 
fane to repeat a statement, and he is apt to omit the profanity. 



SECRET SERVICE OF THE C. S. A. WANTED. 
Inquiry is made through the Veteran in regard to the secret 
service of the Confederacy and of any survivors connected 
with that important branch of the government service. Its 
supply would be appreciated. Some eminent American his- 
torians are now at work on a "Semicentennial Memorial Li- 
brary" of ten volumes, in which it is desired to do full justice 
to the Southern cause; but certain subjects will have to be 
passed over unless such information as this is secured. Mr. 
Francis Trevelyn Miller, editor in chief of this work, will ap- 
preciate hearing from any one who was in the secret service of 
the Confederacy or who can give any information of its work- 
ings. His address is Hartford, Conn. The Veteran would 
like data on this line. It is late enough now to tell these 
secrets. There is very little of known data in the "War Rec- 
ords," so it is most desirable that representatives of spies make 
record of what they know. 



F. Hall writes from Plymouth, Mich. : "I am so well pleased 
with the sample copy of the Veteran received that I send 
a dollar to have it sent to me regularly. I as a Northerner 
am a strong advocate of a cordial, fraternal feeling between 
the North and the South and a white man's government. 
May God deliver us from the horror that the South had to 
undergo after the termination of the War between the States 
at the hands of the hot-heated Republicans of the North, 
who were in the majority in that party at that time ! They 
acted more like cannibals and savages than human beings 
when they inflicted the despicable negro rule on the Southern 
people. God knows I am ashamed of it. An Irishman in 
speaking of negroes said : 'Naygurs are all right in their way, 
but, begorra, they are in everybody else's way.' " 



PATRONS OF THE VETERAN IN CITIES. 

It is an interesting feature of the Veteran to note its circu- 
lation in cities. Nashville is not included, for, of course, its 
patronage, as may be expected, is largest. Going over the 
list by States, the numbers are as follows: Birmingham, 91 ; 
Mobile, 71: Montgomery, 57; Little Rock, 87; Los Angeles, 
So; San Francisco, 25; Denver, 34; Washington, D. C, 87; 
Jacksonville, 49; Atlanta, 98; Augusta, 54; Savannah, 63; 
Athens, Ga., 32; Rome, 32; Chicago, 42; Louisville, 96; Bow- 
ling Green, 30; Lexington, 40; Lancaster, Ky., 24; New Or- 
leans, 124; Shreveport, 40; Baltimore, 82; Aberdeen, Miss., 20; 
Jackson, 42; Kansas City, 50; St. Louis, 87; New York, 90; 
Muskogee, Okla., 36; Charleston, S. C, 72; Columbia, 35; 
Chester, 23 ; Chattanooga, 55 ; Memphis, 107 ; Austin, 61 ; Dal- 
las, 71; Fort Worth, 75; Houston, 56; San Antonio, 42; Sher- 
man. 42; Waco, 57; Norfolk, 62; Lynchburg, 31 ; Portsmouth, 
32; Roanoke, 42; Richmond, 85; Charleston, W. Va., 30; 
Charlestown, W. Va., 33. 

Other cities of smaller population have more in proportion. 
Meridian, Miss., with 104 subscribers, is the largest of all in 
this respect; Humboldt, Tenn., 36; Morristown, Tenn., 30; 
while Texas towns have always led save a few in Tennessee. 
For instance, in Texas, Amarillo has 51; Hubbard, 36; Long- 
view, 43; Corsicana, 35; Bay City, 33; Cleburne, 25; Denton, 
29; Greenville, 31; Marshall, 33; Mount Vernon, 26; Terrell, 
27; Waxahachie, 23; Weatherford, 26; Temple, 32. Stillwell. 
Okla., with 31, exceeds the number in Oklahoma City. It is a 
singular coincidence how in the States the proportion is in 
such consistency with the population. 

Glancing at the smaller towns, it may be seen in Alabama 
that Brewton has 21; Demopolis, 29; Evergreen, 20; Living- 



Qoi}federat^ Ueterai). 



.1/ 



ston, 15. In Arkansas, Arkadclphia lias 31; Batesville, [8; 
Benton. 22; Camden, 21; Fort Smith, 27; Van Buren, 21; 
Pine Bluff, 33. Lakeland, Fla., lias 30, while Tampa has but 
26. Columbus, Miss., has 42; Corinth, 29; Greenwood, 21; 
Greenville, ig; Grenada, 20; Lexington, 20; Natchez, 20; 
Vicksburg, 22; West Point, 28. Charleston, Mo., has 39; Carls- 
bad, N. Mex., 27; Winston-Salem, N. C, 31; Cleveland. Ohio, 
21; Columbia, Term., 52; Franklin, 14; Shelbyville, 26; Paris, 
24; while Murfreesboro has 40 and Knoxvillc 44. 

In the far-away State of Washington it goes to many post 
offices. Seattle takes 21, Spokane 14, and Tacoma 9. 

The foregoing is given as a mere glimpse of the territory 
in which the Veteran has its best patronage. Many other 
places are stronger in proportion to population, yel these more 
gi nerally represent those who are most interested. If readers 
who see that their cities are not sufficiently represented would 
take it in hand to send for sample copies and speak to friends 
who don't even know of the Veteran, they would gratify both 
parties. It is impossible to achieve the good to which the 
Veteran is devoted except through the active cooperation of 
its friends. 

SPIRIT OF TRUE SOLDIERS AND PATRIOTS. 

Capt. Gideon W. Gifford, of the Nashville post office, who 
was a soldier in the Union army, had recently some pleasing 
correspondence with Lieut. Gen. Arthur MacArthur. (The 
rank of lieutenant general will expire with General Mac- 
Arthur, since it has been settled that the United States will 
have no other military office higher than that of major gen- 
eral.") This correspondence will be read with interest, 

In response to the request of General MacArthur for data in 
regard to the battle of Franklin, Captain Gifford sent a copy 
of "Bright Skies," by Dr. II. M. Field, deceased, as contain- 
ing what he regards would best serve the General's inquiry. 
In the letter Captain Gifford stated incidentally that "many 
years ago" be formed a very warm attachment for General 
Cheatham; that "be was frequently with us at the National 
Cemetery on Decoration Day, and one occasion said to me: 
'I fought them and have the right to honor their memory.' " 

In his reply General MacArthur states: "I met General 
Cheatham in 1866, and during the military operations of the 
Philippines had his son with me, first as major of the Ten- 
nessee regiment, and later as colonel of the 37th United States 
Volunteers. I therefore, as yourself, have pleasant recollec- 
tions of the family, especially so as Colonel Cheatham is now 
one of the very best officers in the Quartcrmasti is Department 
of the regular establishment, as he was formerly one of the 
best types of the volunteer officer." 

This son is the eldest of three sons. Another, named for 
Gen. J. E. Johnston, is a paymaster in the United States navy. 
while the third, Patton R. Cheatham, is in business h re. 



A Dawsonville (Ga.) correspondent of tin Constitution on 
January 9 in reporting the funeral of Comrade and Confrere 
J. B. Thomas, of the Advertiser, calls him "a man of char- 
acter and universal esteem." and adds: "In the battle of Mis 

sionary Ridge he was a drummer. I 1 by his sidi in 

the charge up the bill was shol down. Young Thomas threw 
aside his drum and seized the musket of the fallen comrade. 
Charging over the hill on the Confederate lines came the 
Union forces. The color bearei wa 1 peciallj daring, and 
the young drummer, now turned sharpshooter, leveled his 
gun and shot down the color bearer. The flag fell, but a 
daring young Federal soldier sprang forward and rescued it 
2* 



before the Confederates could advance to capture it. That 
young soldier was Gen. Arthur MacArthur, a few years ago 
retired, after having held the highest office in tin I "int. ,1 States 
army. A little while before his death Captain Thomas re- 
ceived a letter from General MacArthur, written from his 
home in Milwaukee, in which the retired United States officer 
expressed the most kindly sentiments for the young Confed- 
erate soldier, who in doing his duty gave the Federal soldier 
the first opportunity to win advancement and be promoted on 
the field, beginning a series of promotions which finally landed 
him in the chief place, as stated, in the United States army. 



BRIDGES IX VICINITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C. 

BY ROBERT W. SHAND, COLUMBIA, S. C. 

The apparent discrepancies in the several accounts which 
have appeared in the Confederate Veteran during the last 
year as to what commands bore the large part in the fighting 
at "the bridge" (implying only one bridge) wdien Sherman 
entered Columbia, S. C, in February, 1865, are readily r, n 
ciled by those of your readers who know what was the condi- 
tion here at that time. I was not then in Columbia, but was 
of full age and had lived here uninterruptedly since my birth. 

Columbia is situated on the eastern bank of the Congaree 
River, which is formed by the confluence at this point of the 
Broad and Saluda Rivets. Trior to Sherman's advance there 
were three bridges at and near Columbia — one across each 
of the three rivers. Sherman's army entered the city by 
crossing the Saluda and then the Broad at the bridge, about 
one mile above the city. It was evidently at this Broad River 
bridge that Wheeler made his stubborn defense. There was 
also fighting at the Congaree bridge, as mentioned in your 
September issue ; but this bridge burned before a crossing 
over it could be effected by the invading army. All three 
bridges were burned at that time. 

[Mr. Shand sent a drawing of the rivers and the bridges 
in their relation to the city of Columbia. — Ed.] 



DE.XTAL FEES DURING THE WAR. 

BY DR. B. II. TEAGUE, AIKEN, S. C. 

Some time ago I came across the following entries on the 
ledger of a deceased relative who practiced dentistry during 
the Confederate war: 

"i860. Mrs. II.: March 17, to four artificial teeth of gold 
plate. $20; March 17, to extracting two teeth for servant 
(slave) girl, $2; April 19, to extracting one tooth for servant 
( slave) boy, $1." 

"1863. Mr. N. T.: July 8, to six gold fillings for son, $ "S: 
July 9. to seven gold fillings for daughter, $80; July 9, to eie 
gold lilling for daughter ( extra size), $15; July 9, to three gold 
fillings for daughter (ordinary), $30; July 22. to one gold fill 
ing tor wife, $10; December 2, to one gold plate. $975." 

In consequence of the depreciation of Confederate money 
the fees advanced enormously from i860 to 1863. They con- 
tinued to advance, and dental materials became so scarce that 
Id filling cost $1,000, and gold plates were unobtainable 
at tin- time of the surrender. 

[Such charges seem enormous in this day of good work at 
fair prices; but there arc even now some dentists who charge 

ively, as the following anecdote aptly illustrates: 
tain lady of N— had planned to make a trip ab 

verything might he 111 good condition she went to a 
dentist of high reputation for some littli m 

friend, meeting her some time after, inquired as to thi 

of sailing. "O. I've had to give up the trip," -1 elding 

naively, "hut my dentist is going."] 



58 



Qosjfaderat^ Uetsraij. 



"JOHN BROWN, OF KANSAS." 
[A paper read before the annual meeting of the "Veterans 
of '56" on September 14, JOJO, by Col. O. E. Learnard. Colonel 
Learnard is an old settler of Kansas. He commanded a regi- 
ment in the Federal army, and is a Republican in politics.] 

At the meeting of this association two years ago I was to 
have made some remarks in relation to John Brown and his 
career in Kansas, but was unable to do so on account of ill 
health. Since then I have given the matter very little thought 
until that recent much-heralded event at Osawatomie by and 
through which was revealed a stated purpose to pervert the 
facts of history in the interest of a mawkish sentimentality that 
deliberately ignores and derides well-authenticated history. 

The late Joel K. Goodin in a letter to Governor Robinson 
said: "The sickening adulation and offensive slobbers over 
some of the imaginary saviors of Kansas to freedom which 
havwjpassed the lips of ministers and laymen, lecturers and 
politicians, editors and essayists during the past thirty years 
have added little to the truthfulness of history or the healthy 
education of the young men and young women of the State." 
Under the circumstances it seems pertinent that at least some 
of the salient facts of the matter should be stated. 

In what I have to say in the brief time allotted me this is 
all I can presume upon, and I do this from no motive or 
wish other than a vindication of the truth of history. It is 
conceded at the outset that most of the early settlers, those 
who were cognizant of the facts, most of whom were partici- 
pants in the event, did not and do not share the sentiments 
which have recently been expressed as to the character and 
achievements of John Brown. Some of us who survive know 
better. * * * 

The claims made for John Brown are that he was the savior 
of Kansas to freedom ; that he inspired the organized armed 
resistance to border ruffian aggression, and was its master 
spirit and guide. Fach and all of the claims on his behalf I 
unhesitatingly repudiate and deny. 

The first organized and armed resistance was in what is 
designated as the "Wakarusa War." Governor Robinson was 
chief in command and General Lane second. John Brown had 
but recently arrived, and on the strength of the representation 
that he had fought in the battle of Plattsburg in the War of 
[812 — a representation, by the way, that was absolutely false — 
he was given the nominal command of a small squad of men. 

During that brief and bloodless campaign John Brown spent 
most of his time in fault-finding and growling about camp, 
particularly that of the Topeka company, so that they ordered 
him to get out and stay out. This statement is made on the 
authority of the late Guilford Dudley, for a great many years 
a prominent and well-known resident of Topeka, and who was 
a member of the Topeka company. John Speer in his "Life 
of General Lane," referring to the treaty that closed the 
"Wakarusa War," says : "The conflict was remarkable for the 
harmony among the free State leaders. I heard of no dis- 
agreement except Brown, who was bitter against any settle- 
ment." 

And this same habit of growling and fault-finding char- 
acterized all his later relations to the free State movement 
and its leaders. During the spring and summer of 1856 John 
Brown was only occasionally about Lawrence, and only for 
brief periods, and at no time did he have command here. He 
was here cr. the 14th of September. I saw him a little after 
noon as twenty-five of us mounted men started out to locate 
the Missourians, about whom all sorts of rumors were afloat. 
Together with a possible half dozen in the earthworks at the 



corner of Massachusetts and Henry Streets, Brown was say- 
ing to the men: "I have no command here, but I am used to 
these Sharps rifles, and they shoot over. If you want to hit, 
aim at the knees." I saw no more of him that day, and I 
know of no one who did. I saw him at Rock Creek Camp 
and one or two other times during the summer. When Lane 
proposed to me to make the demonstration on Leavenworth 
that summer, he coupled with it the suggestion that Brown 
accompany us, to which I replied that I was willing to make 
the trip, but that Brown could not go with us, and of course 
he did not. 

He captured Clay Pate with the cooperation of Captain 
Shore, whose men outnumbered Brown's, but who did not 
share the credit. This was in a way a victory, the only one 
of his Kansas career. Most of his operations were in the bor- 
der counties of Kansas and Missouri — forays, night alarms. 
and frightening peaceful citizens. Generally his raids were 
fruitful of plunder. A proslavery man or even a free State 
man who did not accord with his views and methods had no 
rights of person or property that Brown respected. This con- 
dition continued long after the free State issue was settled, 
the territorial Legislature in the hands of the free State men, 
as well as the administration of local affairs in the border 
counties. Indeed, a condition of disquiet and apprehension 
prevailed to a greater or less extent in the border counties 
until Brown left Kansas for good. 

His achievements for the most part were of the order of 
that noted by Professor Spring as follows : "The capture of 
Pate was not the only exploit of Brown's company in the 
vicinity of Black Jack. At St. Bernard, five miles from camp, 
a successful proslavery trader had a miscellaneous store filled 
with dry goods, clothing, drugs, groceries, firearms, hardware, 
boots, and shoes. A necessitous company of guerrillas could 
scarcely be expected to neglect so favorable an opportunity 
to supply their wants at the expense of a Southerner. Cer- 
tainly the company camped on Middle Creek did nothing of 
the kind. About nightfall June 3 — such is the drift of the 
testimony before the Strickler Commission — -'part of a com- 
pany commanded by one John Brown, armed with Sharps 
rifles, pistols, Bowie knives, and other deadly weapons, came 
upon the premises and attacked and rushed into the said 
store' — a sudden condition of affairs so warlike that the em- 
ployees 'were deterred, threatened, and overpowered by the 
desperadoes, who demanded a surrender of the goods and chat- 
tels, threatening immediate death and destruction should the 
slightest opposition be offered.' Finding the prize richer than 
they had anticipated and their appliances for transportation 
inadequate, the gang returned in the morning and resumed 
operations." 

Ridpath in his "Life of John Brown" says: "Brown then 
lay down by our side and told us of the wars and trials he 
passed through; that he had settled in Kansas with a large 
family, having with him six full-grown sons; that he had taken 
a claim in Lykens County, Kans., and was attending peacefully 
to the duties of husbandry when the hordes of wild men came 
over from Missouri and took possession of all the ballot boxes, 
destroyed his corn, stole his horses, and shot down his cattle, 
sheep, and hogs > and repeatedly threatened to shoot, hang, or 
burn him." , 

Commenting upon this, Dr. George W. Brown, who has 
written some of the most truthful of Kansas history and who 
lived a great part of it, says : "Need we write, even at this dis- 
tance in time from those occurrences in Kansas history, that 
probably there was not a word of truth in all that statement? 



Qoi}federat<^ l/eterai}. 



59 



Old John Brown had participated in no wars; lie never settled 
in Kansas with his family, hence did not have any six sons 
with him in that family; he never entered any claim in Lykens 
County, Kans., nor anywhere else; he did not attend to the 
duties of husbandry; he was not in the territory until six 
months after the Missouri usurpation of the ballot boxes. 
The only horses he ever owned, save the one he drove into 
the territory, were stolen, and the same is true of His blooded 
stock, his sheep, and his hogs, if he had any." 

The late Gen. J. K. Hudson, for many years editor of the 
Topeka Capital, and one of the foremost writers of the Wi t, 
said in the course of an editorial in the Topeka Capital: "I here 
is not written in the annals of Kansas a single incident that 
reflects credit upon the intelligence of John Brown, his in- 
dustry, his integrity, or reveals a single admirable quality of 
heart or mind. Kansas has been wont to veneer the character 
of John Brown with excessive praise. It has habitually spread 
upon his memory the spittle of effulgent adulation. Isn't it 
about time to take the measure of his true value as a citizen? 
Imi'i il about lime to admit the truth, which is that he was a 
loafer, a brawler, a disturber, who did nothing to his own 
credit and who scattered misery with a hand of a sower?" 

I refrain from a recital of the details of the massacre on the 
Potawatomie at "Dutch Henry's Crossing," an act too shock- 
ing even at this late day to dwell upon without feelings of 
repulsion and horror, and such details make one of the blai ki i 
pages of American history, conceived and executed by this 
exponent of the new civilization, according to his latest 
eulogist. 

To know the character of the man fully, however, it is 
.iry to recall some incidents in his life previous to com- 
ing to Kansas. Prior to the time he had failed in every un- 
dertaking of his life, in every enterprise in which he had been 
engaged. lie was a disappointed, disgruntled, distempered, 
and thoroughly discredited, misanthropic bankrupt in business 
and in reputation. His business operations, largely in Ohio, 
but extending into several other States, so involved both his 
financial and business standing that he enjoyed the distinction 
if being defendant in suits growing out of his peculiar 
methods in six States at the same time for delinquencies in 
business transactions. 

In the North American Review N. Egglcston writes under 
date of October, 1883, concerning Brown : "I knew the old 
scoundrel long before the war, long before Kansas was known, 
long before abolition bad many advocates. He tried to blow 
up his mother-in-law with powder; he was guilty of every 
meanness. He involved his father at one time in ruin, and 
everybody else he had anything to do with. When his farm 
was sold at sheriff's sale in Hundson, he took two or three of 
his largest boys into the house and barricaded it, laid in a 
stock of guns and ammunition, and when the day of the sale 
came defied the sheriff and his posse; the guns pointed out of 
every window and the sheriff returned, but sold the place 
and gave possesion as far as he could. The purchaser occu- 
pier! what he could of the property, till at length Brown and 
his first original 'Northern army' found it was no use to re- 
sist further. lie finally cave up and moved away. His 
swindling operations in Franklin, Portage County, Ohio, 
would make another chapter. The last time I saw him was at 
Brockway's hotel in Cleveland, where he had a large gang of 
Missouri horsi ling them. Brockway told me they were 

stolen, and I heard the question put CO Brown himself, and he 
did 11.it deny it." 

Abraham Lincoln in his Cooper InstitUti aid: "John 



Brown's effort was peculiar. It was not a slave insurrection. 
It was an attempt by white men to get up a revolt among the 
slaves in which the slaves refused to participate. In fact, 
it was so absurd that the slaves, in all their ignorance, saw 
painly enough that it could not succeed. * * * Orsini's 
(the Italian assassin) attempt on Louis Napoleon and John 
Brown's attempt at Harper's Ferry were in their philosophy 
the same." 

Eli Thayer, the organizer and promoter of the Emigrant Aid 
Soci ty, who did much to make Kansas a free State, in his 
"Kansas Crusade," says: "The Chicago Republican convention 
which nominated Mr. Lincoln for the presidency in i860 
unanimously resolved that Brown was one of the greatest of 
criminals. Thaddeus Stevens said : 'Brown ought to be hung 
for attempting to capture Virginia in the way he did.' Henry 
Wilson said: 'John Brown is a d — old fool.' When Brown 
made his invasion of Virginia and during his trial, conviction, 
and execution, I was a member of Congress and had the means 
of knowing the opinions of the members. There was not one 
member of that body that considered bis punishment unjust. 
A few. however, were of the opinion that it would have been 
better to have put him in a madhouse for life. This method 
would have prevented the grotesque efforts of a few of his 
sympathizers and supporters to parade him before the country 
as a martyr. It is charity to rank Brown as a monomaniac in 
the same list with Orsini, Guiteau, Booth, and Freeman. But 
his admirers did not allow this, for it would ruin him as a 
saint and a martyr. They contend not only that he was sane, 
but that he was a great moral hero. If we admit his sanity, 
we must then regard him cither as a felon or a fiend. But 
what did John Brown do? In Kansas he dragged from their 
beds at midnight three men and two boys and hacked them 
in pieces with two-edged cleavers in such a way that the mas- 
sacre was reported to be the work of wild Indians. If any 
butcher in New York City should hack and slash to death his 
own hogs and steers as John Brown hacked and slashed to 
death these men and boys in Kansas, he would be imprisoned 
without delay. After this Brown slew an unarmed, inoffensive 
farmer in Missouri. In his murderous raid at Harper's Ferry 
the first man he slew was a negro engaged in the discharge of 
his duty at the freight station there." 

In reference to this work of securing things for Kansas 
Eli Thayer says in his "Kansas Crusade:" "Amos Lawrence 
furnished him money which enabled him to pay his fare t 1 
Kansas late in the year 1855. Subsequently he contributed for 
his use in the territory, and for traveling outside of it, many 
important sums. He also furnished about one thousand dol- 
lars to pay a mortgage on Brown's farm at North Elba. N. V 
For one or two years he regarded Brown as an honest man 
and a useful aid to the Free State cause. At length, however, 
he learned how his confidence had been abused, and from that 
time no one ever denounced the Potawatomie assassin in more 
- us English. * * * He enfettered into a contract with 
a blacksmith at Collinsville, Conn , to manufacture for him one 
thousand pikes of a certain pattern, to be completed in ninety 
days, and paid live hundred and fifty dollars on the contract. 
There is no record that be mentioned this matter to any com- 
mittee. His proposed Kansas minute men were only one hun- 
dred in number, and the pikes could not be for them. His 
explanation to the blacksmith that they would be a good 
wi apon of defense f< r 'be Kansas settlers was clearly a subter- 
fuge. These pik. . ordered about March 23, 1857, were with- 
out doubt intended for bis Virginia invasion; and, in fact, 
the identical lot, finished after long delay under the same 



<5o 



Qo9federat^ l/eteraij. 



contract, were shipped to him in September, 1859, and were 
actually used in his Harper's Ferry attempt. * * * He 
came to me in Worchester to solicit a contribution of arms 
for the defense of some Kansas settlements which he said he 
knew were soon to be attacked by parties already organized in 
Missouri for that purpose. Not doubting his word, I gave 
him all the arms I had, in value about five hundred dollars. 
Under the same false pretense he secured another contribution 
from Ethan Allen & Co., manufacturers of arms in this city. 
These arms also were never brought to Kansas, but were 
captured at Harper's Ferry." 

Concisely stated, the facts are as follows : John Brown was 
never in any proper sense a citizen of Kansas, nor was he 
"Osawatomie Brown," that appellation in the early years hav- 
ing been applied to O. C. Brown, who founded the town and 
gave it its name compounded from the names of the two 
streams that unite there, the Osage and the Potawatomie. 
He never engaged in any legitimate business or employment 
while here ; nor did he aid in any way in the improvement or 
development of the country. With the instincts of an anarchist 
and the hand of an assassin, his career in Kansas was one of 
lawlessness and crime — the one indelible blot on the otherwise 
fair free State record. 

"His body is molding in the grave," but not in Kansas. He 
is buried where he lived at North Elba, N. Y. 

What I am saying may naturally enough provoke the in- 
quiry : "What, then, does it mean, this sentiment that is abroad 
that holds John Brown to be a hero and a martyr?" I answer 
that it is sentiment and not fact — the sentiment that actuates 
emotional women who send bouquets of flowers and words of 
sympathy to hardened criminals awaiting the penalty of their 



The Jeffersonian Gazette at Lawrence, Kans., in comment- 
ing upon Colonel Learnard's paper before "The Veterans of 
'56," states : "To those who have been accustomed to think of 
Brown akin to awe and veneration the charges of Colonel 
Learnard that Brown was a common thief, a highway robber, 
and a horse thief and a midnight assassin came as a shock. 
Colonel Learnard has always held to this opinion, but has 
never before stated so tersely and so forcibly the facts that 
have been in his possession for more than fifty years. When he 
closed, three or four women were on their feet to protest 
against adopting officially the truth of the statements and print- 
ing the article in newspapers and filing it with the State His- 
torical Society at Topeka. Only two men of the audience ob- 
jected, while they admitted the truth of Colonel Learnard's 
statements, or at least did not deny them. The women made 
speeches pleading for the ideal John Brown and telling how 
they had been taught to revere his memory. * * * As the 
women made their earnest appeals he sat and smiled. Arising 
eventually, he said: 'I do not care v. hat you do with this paper 
of mine. It is of no moment to me; but if any man or woman 
here cares to deny one statement I have made, let it be done 
now, or let my facts as I have given them stand as undisputed 
Kansas history.' And not one of the objectors raised a ques- 
tion of the truthfulness of his historical record." 



Testimony from a Sister of John Brown. 
The Veteran of July, 1900, page 319, contains extracts from 
an interview with John Brown's sister in the Chicago Times- 
Herald, in which she said: "I am the youngest and last of six- 
:een children who used to toil and romp with John as a 
Uoy. * * * Yes, I am willing to be quoted ; but I seek no dis- 
linction for myself or for my family, for we never earned it. 



We were all abolitionists and called ourselves Christians; but 
some of us were more tolerant than John toward others who 
wanted to be called slave-holding Christians. History has bean 
very foolish. One class of writers called him a saint, but he 
was far from being one." 

When asked if she didn't think the great State of Virginia 
should have been more lenient toward such a small and power- 
less force, she replied : "No, John and his comrades were not 
lenient to Virginia and her institutions. According to the 
State and National Constitutions, John was wrong. We would 
not tolerate it to-day. A band from an adjoining State at- 
tempting to overthrow our local institutions would be cap- 
tured, prosecuted, and probably executed as John and his men 
were. No doubt we have wronged the South in many ways." 

Referring to negroes since freedom, she said : "Several years 
ago in talking with a Southern lady I became enlightened. 
Great tears streamed down her face as she portrayed to me 
the destitute condition of the negroes. Mrs. Davis was then 
( 1900) sixty-eight years old, and lived in St. Johns, Mich." 



THE BATTLE OF WILSON'S CREEK. 

BY GEN. GEORGE M. JONES, SPRINGFIELD, MO. 

The January Veteran contains an article by Dr. Boyd, of 
Austin, Tex., correcting certain statements made by Capt. A. 
B. Barnes in the October Veteran in regard to Colonel 
Coleman and the part he performed in the battle of Wilson's 
Creek, making him (Coleman) the hero and winner of the 
fight. The spirit of Dr. Boyd's article is excellent, and, gen- 
erally speaking, his statements are in accord with the facts as 
they occurred on that memorable 10th of August, 1861. Dr. 
Boyd says : "I think there can be no question that General 
Lyon fell in front of the Arkansas troops." There are many 
who believe this position was occupied by the Missourians. 

But why trouble about special honors to some when all who 
did their duty, privates and officers alike, deserve equal praise? 
The main point, however, to which I call attention and which 
Dr. Boyd leaves in doubt is that "Colonel" Coleman was not 
adjutant of McBride's Brigade, this position being well filled 
by Cotton Greene, afterwards colonel of the 3d Missouri Con- 
federate Cavalry. 

[General Jones writes at the suggestion of Col. A. E. Asbury, 
who served on McBride's staff. Comrade Asbury is of Hig- 
ginsville, Mo., but wintering in Florida. In his letter he 
states : "I have just come in from fishing. Am tired and 
worn out, but thought I would write vou on the spot."] 



■ '■■ Jf ^ 




JM H vf 


WMf^RTW m 


i, - m R 





MRS. JOE SHELBY AND GRANDDAUGHTER, ALLINE SHELBY- 
JERSIG, ON HER PONY, "LITTLE BREECHES." 



Qotyfederat^ l/eterai}. 



61 



HISTORY OF THE UNITED DAUGHT1 R 
[Mrs. Augustine T. Smytlie, in Columbia (S. C.) State] 
Early in 1804 Mrs. L. H. Raines, of Savannah. Ga., wrote 
to Mrs. M. C. Gootllctt, of Nashville, Tenn., asking for 
a copy of the charter, regulations, and rules of the Ladies' 
Auxiliary of the Confederate Soldiers' Home in Nashville, 
and saying that she wished to organize in Savannah a society 
iinilcr the name of the Daughters of the Confederacy. Mrs. 
Raines also suggested that the various women's Confederate- 
societies ought to adopt one name and badge. 

Mrs. Goodlett approved the suggestion, and stated that her 
association had adopted the name "Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy," though they had never changed their badge and were 
still the Ladies' Auxiliary to the Soldiers' Home. She ex- 
pressed her intention to call her association together to submit 
Mrs. Raines's "proposition to confer together and decide 
upon a common badge." Mrs. Goodlett also says : "As you 
very appropriately remarked, we should have one name and 
one badge all over the South." 

In answer again on April 29 Mrs. Raines says that the 
Savannah Auxiliary association numbered one hundred and 
fifteen, that they recognized the need of a strong bond among 
the Southern women and were doing nil in their power to form 
the "Daughters of the Confederacy." She says that their ap- 
plication for a charter as a society under that name was about 
to go in and would be granted in three weeks "I will notify 
you fully and will send a sketch of our objects, etc., which, 
I think, should be as near the same with each organization as 
possible." She goes on to speak of the necessity for regu- 
lating school books, 'etc.. and the necessity for unity of acticn 
in this and other similar matters. 

As a result of this correspondence an invitation was sent 
out from Nashville to all Confederate associations of South- 
ern women to meet there on September 10, 1894, for the pur- 
pose of forming an organization. On this occasion none were 
present in addition to the women of Nashville btit Mrs. 
Raines, of Georgia, and Mrs. I. G. Myers, of Texas. Soon 
afterwards was published a constitution of the then "United 
Daughters of the Confederacy" with the following name; of 
officers: Mrs. M. C. Goodlett, of Tennessee, President; Mrs. 
L. II. Raines, of Savannah, Ga., Mrs. Kate Cabell Currie, of 
, and Miss White May. of Tennessee, Vice Prcsirtents ; 
Mrs. John P. Hickman. Mrs. J. S. Lindsley, ami Mrs. W. 
Mauney, all of Tennesst e, Secretaries and Treasurers. 

The In-: constitute n and by-laws was drawn up by Mrs. 
Raini ■ I he society at that time was called the "National 
Daughters of th< Confederacy." Many objected to the name 
"national" on the ground that such a name was) surely a mis- 
nomer when applied to a Confederate organization. 

Organization in South Carolina. 
\t'tii some correspondence between Mrs. Raines and Capt. 
James G. Holmes, of Charleston, a meeting of Southern 
women was in id in Charleston on November 17, 1894. Miss 

Henrietta Murdoch presided. An organization Wl 
with the following officers: 

dent. Mrs. Augustine T. Smythe; Vice Presidents, Mrs. 
Alfred Rhett ami Mrs. Asbury Cov. 

nding Secretary, Miss Martha Washington. 

Recording Secretary. Mrs. Edward R. Miles. 

Treasurer, Mrs. D < i. Row< 

Historian, Mrs. Langdon Chi 

Board Oi Managei : Mrs. James Conner (Chairman), 
.1. A, Adger, Mi I". G Barker, Mrs. George D. Bryan, Jr., 
Mrs. C K. Holmes, Mi-s C. N. [ngraham, Mrs, J W. Lewis, 



Mrs. E. M. Seabrook, Mrs. W. E. Stoney, Mrs. J. B. E. 
Sloan, Mrs. S. G. Pickens, Miss C. P. Ravencl, Mrs. Cheves 
McCord. Mrs. W. T. Thompson, Mrs. A. Vander Horst. 

The ladies present in the armory of the Chicora Rifle Club 
were: Miss J. A. Adger, Mrs. J. P. K. Bryan, Mrs. Langdon 
Cheves, Mrs. Henry Cheves, Mrs. James Conner, Mrs. J. K. 
Murdoch. Mrs. W. J. McCorm.uk. Mrs. Cheves McCord, 
Miss Claudine Rhett. Mrs. D. G. Rowe. Mrs. Sarah DeSaus- 
sure, Mrs. C. R. Holmes, Mis-; Elizabeth Holmes, Mrs. W. G. 
lb ilnns. Mrs. J. W. Lewis, Mrs. C. R. Miles, Miss H. Mur- 
doch. Mrs. J. Adger Smythe, Mrs. A. T. Smythe, Miss Sarah 
A. Smythe, Mrs. K. S. Tupper, Mrs. W. E. Stoney, Miss M. 
Washington, Miss Mary Wesson. 

The minutes of the meeting state: "The meeting was called 
to order by Qapt. James G. Holmes, wdio briefly stated the 
object and nature of the correspondence which had passed 
between Mrs. L. G. Raines, of Georgia. Vice President of the 
national association, and himself, urging the formation of the 
association .in Charleston to cooperate with those already 
formed in other States of the late Confederacy, and setting 
forth that the object of these associations was to preserve and 
collect relics, history, data of all kinds relating to the struggle 
for Southern independence." 

Upon invitation from Captain Holmes Miss Murdoch con- 
sented to act as temporary chairman of the meeting and Miss 
Washington to act as temporary secretary. 

An election of officers was then in order, with the result 
as heretofore stated. 

This society was incorporated under the name of the 
"Daughters of the Confederacy of Charleston, S. C," and im- 
mediately a correspondence was begun with Mrs. Goodlett and 
Mrs. Raines. Charleston, like many others, disliked the name 
"National." and was not quite satisfied with the constitution. 
On representation of these difficulties a committee to revise 
the constitution was appointed at a meeting of the national 
officers and one or two ladies, notably Mrs. William M 
Parsley, of Wilmington. Legal advice was taken and an 
amended constitution prepared. A convention was called in 
Washington on November 8, 1895, and this constitution, some- 
what further amended, was adopted and the name of the so- 
ciety changed to "United Daughters! of the Confederacy." 
The choice of name caused much discussion, ami the 
was filially made because 6f its resemblance to the I nited 
Confederate Veterans. 

At the convention held in Atlanta in November, [8§. 
number of States were represented. 

In November, 1896, at a convention held in Nashvilli 
teen States were represented, with single Chapters from 
Indian Territory, California, and District of Columbia; three 
Chapters from Kentucky, one from Baltimore, three Erom 
Mississippi, four from North Carolina. There wen 

State Divisions, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia. South 
1 arolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. 

The convention was next held in Baltimore, and 
from the fact that there a compromise was made which ad- 

1 into the U. D. C. the "Grand Division" of \ 
large body of women comprising man 

which had never united with the U. D. C. This coalition 
strengthened the U. I'. C. very much. 

In the year 1890 a number of women of St. Louis had organ- 
ized the "Daughters of tin Confederacj of Missouri 
most interesting account of their work is found 
of the proceedings of the U. D. C. convention of 1000, held at 
Montgomery, Ala. Naturally they had clung to their ore 



62 



QoQfederat^ l/eterai}. 



tion, and there were two distinct brandies: but. like unselfish 
women, they gave up their preference, and at the convention 
at Hot Springs in 1901 the Daughters of the Confederacy of 
Missouri were admitted. 

I should have said that at the Richmond convention in 1899 
J. Taylor Ellison, Chairman of the Jefferson Davis Monument 
Association, approached the Daughters of the Confederacy 
with the proposition that they should* assume the responsibility 
of erecting the Davis monument and thus relieve the veterans 
who found they promised more than they could accomplish 

This task was undertaken. The Davis Monument Associa- 
tion, U. D. C, was formed with a member from each State. 
Mrs. S. T. McCullough, now Airs. George S. Holmes, of 
Charleston, was President. How the women have fulfilled 
their duty, we all know. At the Rxhmond convention Mrs. 
Gabbett inaugurated the cross of honor. It was there adopted. 
Also at this convention were passed resolutions adopting the 
name, the "War between the States." 

[Mrs. Smythe should know this history well. She and Mr. 
Smythe journeyed abroad that year, and, having this important 
subject much at heart, he revised the constitution with much 
■care and attended the annual convention in Nashville that he 
might be present to explain and to answer the many inquiries 
of ardent members.] 



UNITED DAUGHTERS OF KENTUCKY. 

BY MRS. C. C. LEER. 

As a Chapter delegate to the annual meeting of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy of Kentucky, which convened 
in Louisville October 12-14, I give somewhat in detail the 
happenings of those three eventful days. 

The meetings were all held at the Gait House under the 
auspices of the Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter, of which 
Mrs. A. E. Williams is President. The welcome and hospi- 
tality could not have been surpassed. 

The delegates from the various Chapters were met at the 
Union Station by a committee and taken to comfortable and 
elegant quarters. The delegates, of which there were fully 
one hundred, met in convention at the Gait House Wednesday 
morning, October 12. The convention was opened with prayer 
"by Rev. Dr. Minnegerode. The welcome address was made by 
Mayor Head, of Louisville, in which he threw open all the 
avenues of interest, making us feel as guests of honor. 

Next came the response, by Mrs. W. G. Talbott, of the 
Paris Chapter. Her tender, pathetic address was charmingly 
delivered. At the morning session nearly all of the fifty-eight 
Chapters read their reports, showing progress and financial 
resources, and all gave good reports, showing increased in- 
terest and no friction existing in any one of the Chapters. 

At the noon hour dinner was served in regulation Gait 
House style for such occasions. After the dinner, the rest of 
the day was consumed by elegant receptions in the various 
gorgeously decorated parlors under the immediate supervision 
of the Veterans and Sons of Veterans, when the delegates 
were introduced to each ether and were made to feel at 
home by those in charge. The Veterans and Sons of Veterans 
vied with each other in giving cheer and pleasure. 

The second day was given to reports on monuments, educa- 
tion, and cemeteries, and to such matters as pertained to 
the comfort of the Confederate soldiers in their declining 
years. About sixty-five monuments have been erected in. Ken- 
tucky to Confederates who have died, but as yet many have 
"been buried in out-of-the-way places with no shaft of honor 



to mark their silent resting places. This should stimulate 
our energies to further effort; and if nothing better can be 
done, one grand monument should be erected to the unknown 
and unidentified dead. Other monuments are in course of 
construction, and ere long many more will be erected. 

It appears that quite a number of Chapters have offered 
scholarships to the grandchildren of Confederate soldiers 
where they are not able to educate themselves. It will in all 
such cases be necessary to raise the money for board. So 
the question presents itself to the various Chapters as to what 
extent they will tax themselves in order to send one or more 
children to receive these benefits. 

At night of the second day a splendid banquet was given 
the delegates by the Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter at the 
Gait House. The dining room was gorgeously decorated with 
palms, ferns, flowers, flags, and bunting. The colors were 
red and wdiite. The dining room is very large, and the 
tables were beautifully arranged and elaborately decorated. 
The waiters were tastily dressed, giving the effect of a splen- 
did tableau. 

The officers leading, the association members moved in 
procession to the banquet hall, "Dixie" being rendered by a 
splendid band which played many other Southern airs. After 
the sumptuous repast, Mrs. Charles P. Weaver, of Louisville, 
served as toastmistress. The assignments of responses were 
all made by her, and well did she choose the respondents. 
Among the most interesting talks made was that of Mrs 
Palmer, formerly Miss Lucy Brent, daughter of T. Y. Brent, 
a native of Paris. Rising to her feet in easy, graceful style, 
she told "a story of the sixties." She told of the hazardous 
attempt to smuggle a Confederate flag through the lines, 
which was successfully done by her brothers, who secreted 
it under the skirts of one of their coats. On Friday morning 
in a short meeting all the unfinished business was attended to. 

The officers elected for the ensuing year are: President, Mrs. 
Blakemore, of Hopkinsville ; Secretary, Mrs. William Taylor, 
of Columbia ; Treasurer, Mrs. Polk Prince. 

Promptly after adjournment ten splendid automobiles were 
placed at our service, and we were driven over the city and 
through all the principal parks and to other points of interest. 
Quite a number of the delegates visited the Confederate Home 
at Peewee Valley, where they were royally received by the 
veterans. 

Maryland Line Officers for the Ensuing Year. 

The Society of the Army and Navy of the Confederate 
States in the State of Maryland elected at annual meeting 
December 20, 1910, the following officers: 

President, Capt. George W. Booth. 

Vice Presidents, Col. D. G. Mcintosh, Maj. W. Stuart Sym- 
ington, Capt. James M. Garnett, Lieuts. Charles E. Grogan, 
McHenry Howard, Joseph Packard, Andrew C. Trippe, Dr. 
John J. Williams, Somevel Sellers, George S. Robinson, 
Charles T. Crane, William Heimiller. 

Recording Secretary, Capt. William L. Ritter; Assistant 
Recording Secretary, Joshua Thomas. 

Corresponding Secretary, John F. Hayden. 

Treasurer, Capt. F. M. Colston. 

Executive Committee : Privates James R. Wheeler, August 
Simon, Mark O. Shriver, Daniel L. Thomas, Lamar Hollyday, 
D. Ridgely Howard, Robert J. Stinson. 

Chaplains : Revs. William M. Dame, R. W. Cowardin, Wil- 
liam C. Maloy, and Henry T. Sharp. 

Seargant-at-Arms, Herman Heimiller. 



Qor^federat^ l/eterai? 



63 



JEFFERSON P. WIS HOME ASSOCIATION. 
Additional Contriuutions through the Veteran. 

S. B. Watts, Indianapolis, Ind 5 3 r>o 

J. T. Weaver, Fort Smith, Ark 1 00 

Henrietta II. Morgan Chapter, U. D. C, Covington, Ky. to 00 

Albany Camp, U. C. V., Albany, Tex 5 00 

f. M. Chism, Albany, Tex 1 00 

W. A. Williams, Albany, Tex 1 00 

W. B. King, Albany, Tex 1 00 

J. M. Frierson, Albany, Tex I 00 

D. G. Simpson, Albany, Tex I 00 

J. J. Goss, Albany, Tex 1 00 

John T. Hughes Chapter. U. D. C, Plattsburg, Mo 5 00 

T. A Nettles, Tunnel Springs, Ala 1 00 

J. T. Gaines, Middletcwn, Ky 5 10 

Col. L. S. Daniel, Galveston, Tex 10 00 

Mrs. R. A. Hope. Spirit Lake, la I 00 

B. A, Enloe, Nashville, Tenn 1 00 

R. II. Baskerville, Vernon, Tex I 00 

J. A. Creagar, Vernon, Tex 1 00 

A. J. Mathis, Vernon, Tex 1 00 

W. C. I.unily, Vernon, Tex 1 00 

W. S. Ferrel, Vernon, Tex 1 00 

J. S. Napier. Vernon, Tex I 00 

W, II. Harbison, Vernon. Tex 1 00 

Contributions to tiii Treasurer, J. II. Leathers. 
Camps. 

['"red Anlt Camp, No. 5. Knoxvillc. Tenn $1000 

Hattiesburg Camp, No. 21, Hattiesburg, Miss 3 00 

W. P. Lane Camp, No. 621, Marshall, Tex 5 00 

Individuals. 

R. D. Gilbert. Camden, Ala I 00 

Thomas M. Owen, Montgomery, Ala 1 00 

Ala. State Dept. Archives and History, Montgomery.... I co 

Ben B. Chism. Paris, Ark 1 00 

J. F. Little, Conway, Ark I 00 

W. D. Cole. Conway. Ark I 00 

D. O. llarton, Conway, Ark I 00 

B. L. 1 [arton, Conway. Ark I 00 

V. D. Hill, Conway. Ark I 00 

\V. W. Martin, Conway, Ark I 00 

W. V Thompkins, Presrott. Ark 1 00 

C R Moore, Texarkana, Ark I 00 

Mrs. B. A. C. Emerson, Denver, Colo 600 

Dr. Samuel E. Lewis. Washington, D. C 2 00 

II. H. Duncan, Tavares, Fla 2 00 

Maj. J. F. Talmadge, Athens, Ga 1 00 

I ither John F. Gunn, Atlanta, Ga 1 00 

Gen. James L. Fleming, Augusta] Ga 500 

J. G. MeCall. Quitman. Ga ." 1 00 

Robert G. Gaillard, Savannah, Ga I 00 

L. T. Knoedler, Chicago, 111 200 

John C. Lewis, Louisville, Ky 2 00 

I. I'. Barnard, Louisville, Ky 5 00 

W. A. Pugh, Pittsburg, Ky 100 

C. H. Lee, Jr., Falmouth, Ky 1 00 

Bishop C. C. Penick, Frankfort, Ky I 00 

W. 11. McCalister, Valley Station, Ky 100 

D. L. Thornton, Versailles, Ky 1 00 

C S. Tabb, Louisville, Ky 100 

II. Y. Bomar, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

J. B. Wintersmith, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

I'". B. Stauffer. Louisville. Ky I 00 

J. S Woods, Louisville, Ky .- 1 00 

II L Stone, Louisville, Ky 100 



W. A. Milton, Louisville, Ky $ 1 00 

Hancock Taylor, Louisville. Ky I 00 

Arthur M. Wallace, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

Arthur W. Grafton, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

Margaret I . Wallace, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

John W. Wallace, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

Cyril Wilson, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

George C. Norton, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

1 tarry Weissinger, Louisville, Ky 5 00 

Neville Bullitt, Louisville, Ky 100 

Dr. John A. Lewis, Georgetown, Ky 1 00 

( '.. W. Beckley, Eastwood, Ky 1 00 

F. T. Beckley, Fast wood. Ky 1 00 

J. A. Beckley, Eastwood, Ky 1 00 

J. F. Beckley, Eastwood, Ky 1 00 

I [owell Beckley. Eastwood. Ky 1 00 

James Watson, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

Charles F. Smith. Louisville, Ky 1 00 

J. E. Abraham, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

George Allen, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

John W. Friddle, Louisville, Ky 1 00 

Andrew M. Sea, Louisville. Ky 1 00 

A. J. Hess, Columbus, Ky 2 00 

Vlden McLellan, New Orleans, La 1 00 

W. W. Leake, St. Francisville, La 1 00 

W. G. Coyle. New Orleans, La 1 00 

Ji iseph A. Hincks. New Orleans, La 1 00 

Dr. G. H. Tichenor. New Orleans, La. (2d) 10 00 

J. B. Bailey, Conchatta, Miss I 00 

('. lit iause, Gulfport, Miss 2 00 

R. N. Provine, Coles Creek, Miss 1 00 

E. D. Cavett. Macon, Miss 1 00 

Vlfred Clark. St. Joseph, Mo I 00 

J. William Towson, Shelbina, Mo 100 

W. B. Jennings, Moberly, Mo , 100 

Thomas S. Kenan. Raleigh, N. C 4 00 

Mi-- Emily Kenan, Raleigh, N. C I 00 

J. A. Long, Roxboro, N. C 1 00 

N. B. Moore, Haskell. Okla I 00 

F. J. Barrett, Vinita, Okla 1 00 

William Taylor. Altus. Okla 100 

T. B. I logg. Shawnee, Okla 1 00 

W. M. Graham, Sumter, S. C 1 00 

Francis L. Parker, Charleston, S. C 1 00 

(". A. Reed, Anderson, S C 1 00 

II O. Nelson, Knoxvillc. Tenn 1 00 

Robert C. Crouch, Morristown, Tenn 1 00 

I W. Irwin. Savannah. Tenn I 00 

Charles H. Eastman. Nashville, Tenn I 00 

W. J. Crawford. Memphis, Tenn 500 

John W. Faxon, Chattanooga, Tenn 1 00 

D. R. Gurley, Waco, 1 C x 1 or 

\ V Carry. Nevada. Tex I 00 

Roland Gooch. Nevada, Tex 1 00 

W 1. Lewalling, Caddo Mills, Tex 1 00 

lion. J. Davis Reed, Portsmouth. Va I 00 

!•'.. Thompson. Portsmouth, Va 100 

Samuel Y. Browne, Portsmouth, Va 100 

John C. Nicmcyer, Portsmouth, Va 100 

William R Peters. Portsmouth, Va 100 

Henry Duke, West Norfolk, Va 500 

Archer Anderson, Richmond. Va I 00 

J. M. Mullen. Petersburg, Va I 00 

I riiompson Brown. Richmond, Va 500 

M. W Jewett, Ivanhoe, Va 100 



6 4 



^oi)federat<£ l/eterai) 



R. E. Lee, Richmond, Va $ 5 oo 

C. Frank Gallaher, Charlestown, W. Va 2 oo 

According to statement in the January Veteran, the Asso- 
ciation owed Gen. Bennett H. Young $5,050 for amount ad- 
vanced on purchase of properties, of which it has paid him 
or has in the treasury $3716, leaving balance due on the loan 
$1,334. Let every friend be diligent to help pay that amount 
before t':e Reunion. Then steps may be taken for a worthy 
memorial. 

The majority of these names are of those who have con- 
tributed two or more times. A great many who gave $1 this 
time have given as much as five and ten in their first contribu- 
tions. 

JEFFERSON DAVIS MONUMENT IN NEW ORLEANS. 

Arrangements have been completed for the unveiling of the 
Jefferson Davis monument in New Orleans, this event to take 
place on the 22d of February, the fiftieth anniversary of the 
inauguration of Mr. Davis as President of the Confederacy. 
The bronze statue, designed by Edward S. Valentine, of Rich- 
mond, Va., is now being cast by the Gorham Company, of 
Providence, R. I. Albert Weiblin, of New Orleans, is making 
the granite pedestal. 

The statue, representing Mr. Davis in the act of making an 
address, is heroic in size and, together with the pedestal, will 
s'.and about twenty-eight feet from the apex of a flowering 
mound. The children of the Jefferson Davis School will, upon 
its arrival in the city, meet the statue at a given point and 
assist in hauling it through the city. The program committee 
is at work arranging the order of exercises for the unveiling, 
and hope to make the celebration worthy of the man and the 
cause he so ably led. 

This early completion of this superb monument is perhaps 
the most remarkable achievement of Confederates in the his- 
tory of these great organizations. They had been taxed and 
did much for many similar undertakings, and that they have 
in addition performed this Herculean task in so brief a period 
after completion of the Richmond monument to Mr. Davis is 
most worthily remarkable. Indeed, the South has hardly given 
New Orleans her meed of praise in Confederate achievements, 
strong and loyal as the city is, when its isolation is in a sense 
by the surrounding country. New Orleans, like Richmond, 
people have stood boldly and unitedly in a general sense for 
the cause of the South for nearly fifty years. 



SHERMAN'S DEVASTATION IN GEORGIA. 

BY CAPT. A. LAWSON, LOUISVILLE, KY. 

I have been interested in the correspondence about General 
Sherman, and I give observations after my capture on No- 
vembei 24, 1864, and my escape on December 7, 1864. What 
Major Bcyd had to say about Sherman is astonishing. Sher- 
man must have hoodooed him. That any Confederate vetersn 
would praise Sherman is incomprehensible. 

I was captured between Milledgeville and Augusta, Ga. I 
made my escape fifteen miles this side of Savannah. I saw 
with my own eyes the devastation made by Sherman's army. 
He made "a black mark to the sea." I saw ladies with chil- 
dren in their arms driven out of their homes, and everything 
they had destroyed. 

After I made my escape, I went back three days on Sher- 
man's back track, and I found nothing to eat, no hogs, no cat- 
tle, no sheep, not even a chicken. Some of the finest ladies 
in Georgia were in abandoned camps picking up grains of corn 
to appease hunger who a week before had never known want. 



GREAT PURPOSES OF UNITED DAUGHTERS. 

BY MISS ALICE BAXTER, PRESIDENT GEORGIA DIVISION. 

The order of the United Daughters of the Confederacy en- 
ters upon the eighteenth year of its existence with a paid-up 
membership of 45,000. There is not in all the world another 
strong and growing organization, itself a memorial to a 
"storm-cradled nation that fell," and whose badge is the 
"conquered banner" of that nation. Holding this remarkable 
place in history, encircling out badge with the laurel wreath, 
we have in our seventeen busy years builded monuments, cared 
for the graves of our Confederate dead, cared for our living 
Confederates, looked to the preservation of the truth of his- 
tory regarding the War between the States, and worked for 
the educational advancement of our people. 

At this season of retrospect and resolution let us look back- 
ward just long enough for inspiration to a forward movement 
for the future. 

We catch a vision of the South in revolutionary days, in 
pioneer days, in old plantation days — the vision of the Old 
South whose statesmen played splendid part in the building 
of a nation. We see this nation torn by fratricidal war, and 
the South giving her life's blood in defense of the principle of 
State sovereignty. After the four years of bitter struggle we 
see our people accepting defeat and going about their rebuild- 
ing with a courage that commands admiration from the entire 
nation. A recent editorial in the Manufacturers' Record pays 
just tribute to the men who made the South in the twenty years 
following this War between the States : "Self-reliance, re- 
sourcefulness, and self-respect were the dominant traits of the 
men of the South who in the hard years from 1865 to. 1868, 
and out of the wreck of things material, harassed on every 
side by dire poverty, brought the South up out of its horrible 
pit, out of its miry clay and set its feet upon a rock and 
established its goings." 

Proud in truth is the Daughter of the Confederacy who 
looks back over this memorable past — her heritage — for which 
she must live worthily. Looking to the future of the world, 
we ourselves are just beginning to realize our possibilities in 
the marvelous natural resources of our section and .in the 
developing power of our people, the purest Anglo-Saxon blood 
in America. Quoting again from Mr. Edmonds : "The hope 
of the South lies in its making steady, well-balanced progress 
on all lines and in having within its borders as large a popu- 
lation as possible fit to enjoy its great opportunity for human 
well-being and happiness." 

Under the constitution of the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy our objects are memorial, historical, social, benevo- 
lent, educational. We do good on all these lines ; but if we 
would help the South push upward, drawn ever onward and 
outward by the "attractive force of high ideals," let us stress 
the educational clause of our constitution. Let us in our 
womanly ways do what we can to help in the education of 
our people at large for fitness to seize and enjoy the South's 
great opportunity for human well-being and happiness. We 
must bear in mind that education means not simply equipment 
for making a living, but the bringing out of the intellectual, 
moral, and physical forces of the individual. Let us work, 
then, for such educational development of our people, and 
thereby build for a great South in the wonderful future that 
lies before America. 

We extend fraternal New Year greetings to the Federation 
of Women's Clubs, to our sister patriotic order, the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, and to all organizations that 
work for righteousness and peace in this fair world of God's. 



Qor?federat<? l/eterar). 



65 



PRESENTATION TO GEN. WILLIAM E. MICKLE. 

A magnificent badge was presented to Gen. William E. 
Mickle at the Birmingham Reunion. The event is just now 
given i" the public in the Birmingham Minutes. 

()n the occasion Gen. Bennett II. Young, representing the 
Finance Committee, advanced to the front of the stage, hold 
ing in his band the beautiful badge, spoke at length, and said 
in part : 

"I have been honored by a few comrades in thi pleasant 
duty of presenting to our beloved Adjutant General a souve 

nir badge expressive of the regard, esteem, and appreciat 

in which he is held by his associates. 

"General Mickle came into office at a critical period in the 
life of the United Confederate Veterans' Association Death 
had wrought sad havoc in its ranks. 

"When our beloved Adjutant General, Georgi Moorman, 
died, and the man] Southern soldiers real 
ized that Ins life's work was done, the) 
mournfully and anxiously inquired. Where 
will his successor he found? No soldier of 
the South had more lovable qualities than 
General Moorman. Kind, considerate, gen 

tie, loving, helpful, tactful, with a heart thai 

held it the highest of all duties to serve his 
beloved comrades, he had really been the 
true source not onl) of the lite hut the 
power of the Association 

"Gen. John B. Gordon, with his indc 
scribable magnetism, his unsurpassed elo 
q ence, his wonderful control of men, al- 
waj demonstrated that he was the meat 
1 1 relic of tin war after General Lee 
died: hut reunions preserved, they did 
n.. 1 make, the Association, and in the Ad- 
jutant General's office was tin- real work 
Which gave the Southern soldiers theii 
powet and control in the Stat, s which 
once recognized the Confederacy. 

"General Moorman had visions ,,f the 

future; he heard the voices calling long 
befori he answered death's summons, and 
111 William E. Mickle he opened his heart, 
gave him a full insight into his plans and 
and in so far as possible prepared 
him for the duties of his successor. And 

when the great break came, when the 

shock of Moorman's death had touched every Southern heart, 

all were glad that his mantle fell upon the man of his choice, 
and that by training and by devotion General Mickle was 

ready and able i" take up the burden where General Mom 
man laid it down. In addition to General Mickle's special 

training, he- had all the qualities of a refined, cultured South 
em gentleman. The- South had no more loyal sou. When 
a mere lad he had sto.nl for u> rights, and upon its battle 
shed his youthful blood. The new Adjutant General 

introduced business methods into the business management 

of the Association. lVhts had accumulated, hut accounts and 
loans were quickly paid. Strong financial life was infused 

into the moneyed affairs of the great Association, ordi 1 
out of disorder, and quickly the Association lived within its in- 
come; its resources were increased. All this General Mickle 
ha« done. It was not necessary to parade this in print. Those 
who came in touch with the inner life of the Association ice 



'*** 




I. a VDGB PRI SENTE1 IEN. Ml. K I 1 



ogni ed that a master hand and a brave, loyal heart stood for 
the business workings. This splendid result came as a 
bli ssing to the Association. Its power, its influence was not 
decreased thereby, hut its rigid husiness methods won. as they 
desi rved, the commendation of all its membi rs 

"General Mickle has won the gratitude, the esteem, and 
ilu appreciation of all his associates, and they have caused 

tins splendid badge i" he made as ;l slight evidence of their 

appreciation of his magnificent services to the Association, and 
they hid me present it to the Adjutant General with the hope 
an.l prayer that the Heavenlj Commander wall long spare 

his useful and devoted life, and give him strength to continue 
his superb service while ill.' \ 01 i.ilinn contains enough sur 
in k..p it intact, and still able to discharge its duties to 
the holy cause it represents." 

( Ieneral Micki e's \. . i ti w.i 
In General Mickle's replj he said: 
"I realize how imperfect is language when 
I attempt to make known the pleasure 1 
feel at the presentation of this beautiful 
evidence i if I. >\ e and c< mfidence. ( ien. 
Stonewall Jackson was such a warrior, ami 
Ins character in that regard so much talked 
'.f. that the lender side of his nature was 

overlooked, .nu\ it is forgotten that he was 
a fond lover, lie frequently said that the 

Spanish language was made for lovers, 
and in willing to his wife in subsequent 
'.ears he delighted I" address her in that 

ge a, expressive of endearing ten 
derness. Ml linguists familiar with the 
p. .n. lei. .11- periods of Tacitus recognize that 
no other tongue i~ s,, remarkable for ii- 
conciseness and grandeur of expression as 
that of ancient Rome. Now if 1 were 
gifted with the power to blend into a liar 
in- mi. cis whole this language of love and 
this power of expression, I should he able 

to give some faint idea of the feeling of 

i.le and satisfaction T have in accepting 

this handsome badge. Its intrinsic value 

is great; but not on that account do I prize 
it. hul because it is a mark of approval 
given to my work by those in a po 
ti i know what 1 have done. 
"It was hut natural that General Young in presenting this 

badge should attribute i" me all the credit for the prosperous 
condition in which our order stands to-day, for obviously he 

could not allude to the part he himself has taken in bringing 
about this happ) sute of affairs. The eminent position he 
has attained as a lawyet and the preeminent success that has 
attended his efforts in every sphere of work that ha 

gaged his attention enable us to give that credit to ins ut- 

ni an,, i vv Inch is their i\uv. 

"But win should he ignore 'he Chairman of the Finance 
Committee? General Montgomery is not a man of enormous 

stature, hut there never was : , period in his life that he did not 
make his presence felt in anything in which he took pat 
is illustrated in the financial affairs nf "ur Association. 
work in the committee is such as was his behavior, a beard- 
less boy, in the war In a campaign which took place in a 
section of country not -,. verj distant from this very place. 



%*c 



66 



Qoi)federat^ l/eterap. 



a brigade of Federals was greatly annoyed by a company of 
Confederates, which the commander was never able to cap- 
ture, for the company would strike first on one flank and then 
on the other, and then 'dodge.' Finally the general captured 
the entire command, and was astonished and mortified to find 
that his formidable enemy was nothing more than a few boys 
formed into a company. He sent for the commander. When 
'Little Bill' Montgomery was presented as the captain, the irate 
general said: 'Are you the captain of this company that 
has been giving me so much trouble? I have a great mind 
to take you across my knee, give you a good spanking, and 
send you home to your mother.' But he didn't, and Mont- 
gomery remained a prisoner till the close of the war." 

General Mickle then paid worthy tribute to the Secretary 
of the Committee, the late Gen. Fred L. Robertson, saying: 
"No man was more familiar with all the inner workings of 
this great organization or had more ability to do what was 
best. He led in all he undertook, and loved the cause of the 
United Confederate Veterans with peculiar devotion. 

"Why pass over Gen. Joseph F. Shipp? No one ever la- 
bored for any cause with more earnestness or with better suc- 
cess than our Quartermaster General. He manifested his 
affection for the cause in attending the gathering in New Or- 
leans to found this grand federation, when it was never 
dreamed of by the great body of our members. He has done 
his share of work and has continued without faltering or 
wavering till this good day. He merits his share of credit. 

"Then there are Fusz and Hickman and Lewis and Fall 
and Newman and Sanguinetti and Ellyson, not one of whom 
has been a laggard in laboring for the best interests of this 
glorious 'social, literary, historical, and benevolent' organi- 
zation. Their unwearying efforts should have had due recog- 
nition. 

"In every collection of men, however small, and banded t ">- 
gether to do a certain work, there always stands out one nu:i 
'taller by a head than all the rest.' And, my friends, we have 
just such a character on our Finance Committee; one whose 
delight is in bringing about peace and harmony, and who de- 
rives more pleasure from making 'brethren to dwell together 
in unity' than from any other source; and great as are the 
powers of the other members of the Finance Committee indi- 
vidually, and still greater combined, I do not know but that 
we could more profitably dispense with all rather than part 
with the sacred influence and wonderful power of the member 
from Arkansas, my beloved friend Gen. V. Y. Cook. 

"But, my friends, General Young has passed in silence an- 
other great name, he whom we have just laid to rest, our be- 
loved Stephen D. Lee. I had intended to say much of this 
admirable man and distinguished soldier, but his lovely traits 
have been so ably touched on by others that I forbear. Only 
one personal matter. I was associated with General Lee 
from the birth of this organization ; and though we served 
together on committees time after time. I thought him re- 
served and unapproachable ; but when he inherited me as Ad- 
jutant General from the great Gordon, I got close to him and 
realized his constant friendship and devoted affection. When 
we were in Atlanta attending General Gordon's funeral, I 
went at the conclusion of the exercises to bid him good-by. He 
threw his arms around me and, bursting into tears, exclaimed : 
'O Mickle, what a burden rests on your shoulders and on 
mine! God help us!' From that day to his death our devo- 
ticn to each other grew stronger and tenderer. 



"When the presentation of this badge was first taken up, he 
of course was consulted, and took the liveliest interest in it 
and was carried away as with the enthusiasm of a schoolboy, 
and, like the boy, he was anxious 'to tell' about it. Knowing 
how proud I would feel at this action on the part of my friends, 
he found it impossible to keep the secret, and just before he 
died he wrote me a loving letter in which he said that he and 
my friends of the Finance Committee were going to give me 
a handsome badge, but that I must not 'give him away,' add- 
ing: 'It is given you because we all love you so much and are 
so proud of your work.' Could anything be sweeter, nobler, 
or call for deeper devotion than I gave this devoted friend 
and brother? When Stephen D. Lee died I lost the best friend 
I had in the world. 

"General Young, I am proud of this badge, proud because 
it comes from friends who know me and appreciate my work, 
and proud because it reminds me that I was a soldier in the 
Confederate army. I went into the army of my own free 
will. I may have failed in my duties as a citizen ; I may have 
come short of my obligations as the head of a family; I have 
not lived up to the requirements of my Church ; but there is 
not one action of my brief career as a private in the Confed- 
erate army that I would change if I could. I lived up to the 
full demands of the service, never shirking. I was proud when 
I went into the army, proud when I was in it, proud when I 
was shot down at the front, and proud till the present moment, 
and will be proud till I am called away. Then, when the cares 
of life have passed, I want to be laid to rest in the bosom of 
this beautiful Southland, where the Southern briers shall 
meet in loving embrace above me and our Southern breezes 
shall sigh and moan in the Southern pines about, in whose 
branches our Southern birds shall warble their lovely South- 
ern songs. Then I shall sleep the sweeter in my last resting 
place if I know that there stands at my head a plain gray 
headstone, with the simple but beautiful inscription : 'C. S. A. 
A Private of the A. N. V. Who Did His Full Duty.' " 

General Mickle was frequently interrupted with hearty ap- 
plause, and at the conclusion of his remarks was warmly con- 
gratulated by many present. 

PERIL BY ROCK FENCE AT GETTYSBURG. 

BY W. D. REID, HOUSTON, MISS. 

Referring to the article on page 524 of the November Vet- 
eran on the battle of Gettysburg, I note that the writer makes 
Capt. S. A. Nash, of Pender's Brigade, say: "Just before 
reaching the rock fence Brockenbrough's Virginians and 
Davis's Mississippians broke and fell back at the critical 
moment of the ordeal." 

Now, I was only small fry on that occasion, only orderly 
sergeant of Company H, nth Mississippi Regiment; but I do 
know that I went to that rock fence and was shot down there, 
and that some of my company and regiment crossed that fence 
and but few returned, as most of them were killed or wounded 
at or near the rock fence. Out of twenty-seven men of Com- 
pany H who went into that charge, fifteen were killed and 
nearly all of the rest wounded and captured, only three get- 
ting back. 

I have frequently heard that Brockenbrough's Brigade did 
fail to come up, and that that was the cause of Davis's Brigade 
suffering so much. I claim to know only that which occurred 
immediately about me, and that I know about as well, and per- 
haps better, than Captain Nash. It was utterly impossible for 
us to have driven them from behind that fence, as there were 
ten or more of them to one of us. 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai}. 



GEN. FORRES! IN THE RATTLE AT SELMA, ALA. 

BY S. Y. BROWNE, OF STONEWALL CAMP, PORTSMOUTH, VA. 

On April 2, 1865, when General Wilson was marching on 
Selma, Ala., with about eight or ten thousand cavalry, Gen- 
eral Forrest opposed him and contested his way constantly; 
but having only about 3,500 men, he was forced to fall back and 
take shelter inside of the breastworks of the city, extending 
from the Alabama River above to the same protection below. 
The line was so long that General Forrest had not half enough 
men to hold it ; so he dismounted his men on April 3 and or- 
dered all detailed men and citizens to the breastworks, and 
soon the men had to stretch out eight or ten feet apart. 

The enemy made charge after charge, but were again and 
again repulsed. Finally, however, they broke through our 
lines, and then came a great stampede of riderless horses run- 
ning all through the city, while men were fighting all along 
the streets. General Forrest, brave and fearless, ran into Water 
Street all alone on a beautiful black horse, witli about one 
hundred Yankee soldiers after him. lie had been wounded 
in the left arm that morning. As he turned into Broad Street 
he threw the reins over the pommel of bis saddle, drew his 
pistol, turned in his saddle, and gave them every shot he had. 
Then he spurred his noble horse to run for his life, the gang 
of howding soldiers following him ; but by the swiftness of 
his noble steed the dashing General was safely carried through 
the lines. 

The house of the surgeon who had charge of the hospitals 
of the city was on the outskirts of the city and in range of 
the artillery from the enemy; so the doctor's family (six in 
number) was compelled to vacate the house and seek safety 
in the wayside hospital, and there they had to remain for two 
weeks or more, as General Upton took the house for his head- 
quarters. While there his men burned everything they could 
find; and when they left, his men broke up every piece of fur- 
niture in the house. The Union army became a perfect mob, 
breaking open the saloons and stores, taking anything they 
wanted, and then setting the city on fire, burning the entire 
water front and nearly all of one side of Broad Street, including 
the F.piscopal church. Our hospital, with the wounded from 
both armies, was in imminent danger; but it was saved by 
ordering the troops to man the fire engines with steady 
streams, while three blocks were on fire near the hospital. 

The Union troops remained in Selma about two we«ks or 
more, building pontoon bridges to throw across the Alabama 
River and also removing powder and shell from the Confed 
crate arsenal, which was the largest in the South, and throwing 
them in the river. The night before they left the city they 
set fire to this arsenal; and but for its raining that night, the 
whole city possibly might have been burned up. There was 
explosion after explosion of shells and cartridges all through 
the night. The Union army had taken all the horses and mules 
they could find on their march to the city, and there were a 
number in the city also, all of which, several hundred in num- 
ber, were penned in the quartermaster's yard in the heart of the 
city. As General Wilson was unable to carry them with him. 

and fearing they would fall into the hands of the f.nni. 
Confederate soldiers, he issued an order to his quartermaster to 
have them all shot, which was done, and left them there for 
the citizens to get away the best they could. So without ox, 
horse, or mule to haul then, away, the people got together. 
swung the dead animals to "carry logs," hauled them off by 
hand, and dumped them into the Alabama River. The Union 
army then crossed over the river on their pontoon bridge and 
pushed on to Montgomery. 



This ended the invasion of Selma, Ala., by the forces com- 
manded by General Wilson, General Upton, and others of the 
United States army, which will long be gratefully remembered. 



UXION FETERAN LEGION ABOUT LEE STATUE. 

Confederates who are conservative in connection with the 
contention which liberal-spirited Union veterans have had with 
their ultra associates in regard to the figure of General Lee in 
Statuary Hall, Washington, greatly appreciate what they have 
done for reconciliation under conditions of the law in the 
premises. Now that the question is settled, it would seem un- 
necessary to refer to it further; but reconciliation is so de- 
sirable that a word more in the Veteran seems appropriate. 
Those ultra nun would evidently deny the Confederates the 
liberty of the streets in the national capital ; but wiser counsel 
prevailed to the degree of permitting "Confederate brigadiers" 
as members of the lawmaking powers of the government, and 
now the President, chosen by the people of the North, ha 1 li 
vated a Confederate to the exalted position of Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Corporal James Tanner, a member of the committee, after 
deploring conditions with his comrades, sends his Statemi nt, 
which is as follows: "The highest official law officer of the 
land, the Attorney-General of the United States, having de- 
cided under his official oath and in response to a request from 
the President of the United States for his official opinion on 
the legality of the presence of the statue of General Lee in 
Statuary Mall, that it is there in accordance with the Act of 
1864 and that there is no power now in existence with authority 
to uproot existing conditions, we in the spirit of 1861, which 
then caused us to risk life itself in support of the majesty 
of the law, bow submissively to the provisions of the 
Act of 1864 which, though mistakenly enacted, is still the 
law of the land, and, regardless of the position assumed or to 
be assumed by others, decline to place ourselves in the posi- 
tion of rebelling against any law of the land, and particularly 
against a law which became a vital fact through the signature 
of Abraham Lincoln." 

How a Confederate Was Treated in Aberdeen, Wash.— 
The Grays Harbor Post, of Aberdeen, Wash., reports the 
kindly offices of two ladies of the Woman's Relief Corps, G 
A. R., Mrs. Roberts (wife of the Commander of the G. A. R. 
Post) and Mrs. J. M. Birmingham, together with Mr. Pascal 
and other members of the Post, in heroic service to Jacob 
Heater, a Confederate living there, through a severe illness 
wherein his life was despaired of. After a lengthy account 
of the illness, the publication concludes: "The Post is glad 
to chronicle the return of Mr. Heater to the ranks of active 
men. The call was a close one, as close as any he ever met on 
the field of battle, and that he got through safely is a matt' 1 ol 
atulation. The Woman's Relief Corps and Mr. Paschal 
are glad of their well-done service." 



Please Decry the Term "Lost Cause." — "Citizen of St. 
Louis" influences the Republic to print a protest against the 
erection of a Confederate monument in Forest Park. It is 
sad that any one capable of writing English would pen such a 
protest. The writer states: "It is surely most unfortunate 
that i' ives of the Lost Cause," etc. It is just such 

characters who seem Fond ol expressing themselves about 
the South's part in a great -issue. This note is made to 
the char. 11 tu of those who use the term, "Lost Cause." It is 
not infrequent that when a man makes a speech to secure fa- 
vor, because his father was .1 1 mfedi rati soldier and be 
the advertisement, he uses the term "Lost Cause." 



68 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



1 1 Hi EASTLAND FAMILY OF EARLY DAYS. 

Thomas Eastland, supposed to have lieen horn in Virginia. 
resided from his boyhood in Kentucky. About 1803 he was 
married to Nancy Mosby, also from Virginia, at her father's 
place, "Brook Farm." in Woodford County, Ky. They had 
six children, five boys and a daughter. 

In 1800 Thomas Eastland, a man of great force of character, 
was made a lieutenant in the regular United States army, and 
during the War of 1812 he was with Gen. William Harrison . 
as quartermaster general for the State of Kentucky. After that 
war, his wife having died. Colonel Eastland came to Nashville, 
Tenn., wdiere he resided until about 1S21. when he was mar- 
ried again; and soon be removed to Sparta, then so important 
a place as to be urged as a location for the State capital. 
Several years later he removed to the top of Cumberland 
mountain at a place then known as Clifty, but afterwards called 
Eastland, which stands on the banks of Clifty Creek, and by 
which passed the Nashville to Knoxville highway. He ac- 
quired large land holdings, and lived until i860. He was 
buried on a knob near the home, which commands an ex- 
tended view of all the surrounding country. 

Of his sons by his first marriage, one, James W., went to 
iive near Louisville. .Miss.; three. William Mosby, Nicholas 
Washington, and Robert Mosby, went to Texas ; and the other. 
Thomas B. Eastland, came to Nashville, where he was en- 
gaged in business until about 1840, when he went to New Or- 
leans to engage in the cotton brokerage business, and where 
he continued until the breaking out of the Mexican War, din- 
ing which he served under General Taylor as major. Both 
William Mosby and Nicholas W. went to Texas about 1833. 
and both served in the regular army of the Republic. 

William M. was a captain in the regular army when the force 
with which be was connected was compelled to surrender after 
the battle of the Meier, which occurred in the early part of 
1843. The articles of capitulation in Spanish promised them 
"the same generous treatment that Mexico gives to all her 
enemies," which meant death. The Mexicans started with 
the prisoners to Monterey, and at the hacienda of Salado the 
Texans overpowered their guards, and, taking their horses, 
started for the Rio Grande. Had they continued on the main 
road, they would undoubtedly have been safe; but, fearing 
they might encounter an overwhelming body of Mexicans on 
the main road, they took to the mountains, where they ran 
out of food and water and were subjected to terrible suffer- 
ings, during which time they killed their horses for food and 
were almost famished for water, when they were surrounded 
by the Mexicans and taken back to the hacienda of Salado. 
Santa Ana then ordered them all killed, and upon the refusal 
of the colonel in charge of the troops to comply with the order 
be ordered that one-tenth be killed. The one hundred and 
seventy men were required to draw one hundred and seventy 
beans, seventeen of which were black. Each man in taking 
out a bean was required to hold it up in view of the Mexican 
officers, the holder of a black bean being doomed to death. 
Captain Eastland was the only officer who drew a black bean. 
Shortly after the drawing these seventeen men were placed 
against a wall and shot to death. The rest of the prisoners 
were then taken farther down into Mexico, where they were 
subjected to such severe torture that only a few of them sur- 
vived. 

Nicholas W. Eastland was Chairman of the Board of Land 
Commissioners of his part of Texas and was Probate Judge 
for many years, and the remaining brother in Texas, Robert 
Mosby, was for many years professor in an institution of learn- 



ing in that State. The county and town of Eastland were 
named for them. The lister. Maria P.. married Charles 
Cooper in Nashville in the early twenties, and later died in 
X T ew Orleans. 

Thomas B. Eastland married in 1830 Josephine Green, the 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah Womack Green, who formerly- 
lived on Spruce Street about where the Carnegie Library 
now stands. They bad six children, (we sons and one daugh- 
ter — the same number that were born to bis parents. The 
family made Nashville their home until the war, when, at the 
fall of Fort Donelson, they removed to their country home at 
Bon Air Springs, remaining there until the fall of 1863, and 
then went to New York and by Panama to California, where 
Thomas B. Eastland died in November, 1864. He was a far- 
seeing man of fine business ability; and appreciating the great 
possibilities in the natural resources of the South, he spent 
a large fortune to accumulate large bodies of fine timber and 
■coal lands, and but for the war he would have realized an 
enormous sum from their development. He had over a million 
acres granted to him by the State, among other tracts being 
that on which the State coal mines are situated and many other 
tracts of great value. Immediately after the war he went 
to California, taking with him his eldest son. Joseph G. East- 
land, whom he established in business in San Francisco, and 
who lived there for the remainder of his life. He left a large 
fortune in California and large tracts of valuable coal and 
timber land in Tennessee to his two sons, Joseph L. and 
Thomas B. Eastland, who reside in San Francisco, Cal. 

One of Thomas B. Eastland's sons, Van Leer Eastland, went 
to Nicaragua with Walker, "the man of destiny," from Nash- 
ville. Later he returned to Nashville and then went to Geor- 
gia, where at the beginning of the war he joined the Con- 
federate forces in that State; and after the war he went 
to California, where he was superintendent of a large gas 
company for many years, until his death. 

Another son, Thomas B. Eastland, Jr., remained in Nash- 
ville. He was a handsome and popular young man. He was 
made captain in the Rock City Guards, and served with his 
command until the latter part of 1862, when he was taken ill 
with pneumonia, caused by the severe exposure he had under- 
gone, and was taken to the mountain home at Bon Air Springs, 
where he died and was buried. Two sons, Andrew J., named 
for Andrew Jackson, wdio was a great friend of the family, 
and Alfred Taylor, named for General Taylor, with whom 
Thomas B. Eastland served in the Mexican War, were too young 
to enter the Confederate army, and were taken by their father 
in the spring after to California, where Andrew J. died some 
years ago, and where Alfred T. still resides, he being Secre- 
tary of the Coast Realty Company and the Patent Brick Com- 
panies of San Francisco. He has one daughter, Mrs. James 
Wattson McClure, at present stopping in Nashville with her 
family. 

The daughter, Miss Josephine Eastland, was born in Nash- 
ville and lived here almost continuously until 1862, when she 
went with the family to the mountains and later to San Fran- 
cisco. She was a cultured, educated, refined woman of varied 
accomplishments, and an ardent Daughter of the Confederacy, 
a member of the Albert Sidney Johnston Chapter, U. D. C. 
of San Francisco, Cal. She was a fascinating companion and 
a charming friend. Having traveled much, both in this coun- 
try and Europe, she had a large number of devoted friends 
who deeply sorrow in her death. Miss Eastland died at 
Santa Monica, Cal., in July, 1910, and was buried in the family 
plat in Mount View Cemetery, Oakland, Cal. 



Qoi)federat<? Ueterap. 



69 



Miss Eastland resided in Nashville until the fall of Fort 
Donelson, and was one of the hasty refuge* - leaving here with 
Other elegant people on a freight train. 




MISS JOSEPHINE EASTLAND. 

[Of the family in Mississippi the author of the foregoing is 
npl well informed The "War Records" give an account of 
Lieut. O. R. Eastland in a letter by Maj. William N. Brown, 
commanding the 20th Mississippi Infantry in the battle of 
Fort Donelson, to George W. Randolph. Secretary of War 
(which he begins by Matins. "1 am directed by his Excellency, 
President Davis, to write, etc.")i in which he Mate-: "Lieut. O. 
R 1 astland, Company F, was badly, perhaps mortally, wounded. 
ll< refused to be carried from the field, saying: 'Never mind 
me. bi on, fight on: "] 



wild: 



THOU KNOWEST. 

BY JACOB CLOSZ, CHICAGO. 

Bright was the ni"ni, and with splendor shone the daj 
Dark now th< night; I have strayed and lost my way 
Ml seems in vain as I strive and blindly grope, 
And in de-pair I gra p and cling to this last hope: 

knowi 1. thou knowest when the way 1- dark and 
til, and carest for thy trustful child 

No matter now that the fault is all my own; 

No matter now that I reap as I have sown; 

No matter now how the past obscures my view — 

I would arise a child of God and live anew, 

Thou knowest, thou knowest when the way is dark and wild; 

Thou knowest all, and carest for thy trustful child 

Do I but dream, surely 'tis a gleam of light. 

like the dawn over yonder rugged height— 
the Christ 'mid the scenes of death and lo 

I will arise .m.l follow him e'en to thi ci 

Thou knowest, thou knowest when the waj is dark and wild; 
rhou knowest all, and carest for thy trustful child. 

h Rush, of Hubbard, Tex. (Route No. 2, Box 28 
sires to hear from any surviving CO ies B 

•'"d ( ol thi 10th or 38th Mississippi Regiment He lost an 
arm while with the 38th Regimi mrg 



HIE BIRD OF ART. 

BY DR. \V. H. Moon. GOODWATER, ALA. 

I note on page 378 of the August Veteran what W. G. Jack- 
son, of Yulcville, S. C, says in regard to an attache of the 
War Department trying to secure means through the Richmond 
papers to construct a balloon in which he could fly out over 
Grant's army and by dropping explosives annihilate it. I re- 
member a lecture delivered on our line hetween Petersburg 
and the James River in February or March, 1865, by a man 
who Stated in the outset that he had made application to the 
authorities for aid to construct what he would call a "Bird 
of Art." which, if his plans succeeded, would be the mean- of 
gaining the indepi ndence of the ( lonfederacy. But, like Colum- 
bus, he was regarded as a crank, and no heed was given to his 
I; SO he had concluded to appeal to the men of the line 
F01 in. ill contributions which would enable him to carry out his 
plan- t- construct a "Bird of Art" modeled after the wild duck. 
It was to be hollow and of sufficient capacity to carry tw 
and several hundred pounds of explosives. It was to bi 
Structed so as to represent the bird in it- flight, head and neck 
extended, wings and tail spread ami sailing through the air. 
He philosophized on the hollow quill- that compose the wings 
and tail of the bird and the lightness of the air which tin ' 
tained. In the construction of the "Bird of Art" the tubes rep- 
resenting tin- large quills were to he filled with ga-. so as to 

ni as nearly as possible the real bird. All ti 
pendages were to be so constructed a- to give them the natui il 
movement- of the duck in it- flight. It was to he built in 
England of the finest procurable metal and to be operated in 
1'- flight by ,1 lightly constructed engine. 

He explained that it would he necessary to construct a 
pedestal from which the machine could lake it- flig 

The plan of attack was to he made on the cities of the 
North, instead of Grant's army. First, demand- were to be 
made on the authorities at Washington to recognize the inde- 
pendence of the Southern Confederacy. If these were refused, 
the "Bird of Art." with it- crew and explo to -ail out 

over the city and de-Inn ii, and thence to Philadelphia, New 
York, and other Northern cities, until the d. muni- oi thi 
federate government were conceded. 

Since "heavier than air" flying machines have become a 

iten spoken to my a diout the lecture 

delivered by the man on the line neat Petersburg, At thai 

time I was twenty years old. and was very much intern -ted in 

mie mm ai . ount oi ii- novelty. Who to day that has 
kept up with the inventive genius of man would dare say that 
a machine to navigate the air is an impossibility? 
I was .1 member of Company 1, i;,th Vlabama Regiment, 
Archer's Brigade, A. P. Hill's corps, after Ston< wall Ja> 
death. I SU man who delivered the lecture on the 

if Art" was the same referred to 1>< I ' 



Texas Confed uetery at Austin. 

\\ S. Parker 1- keeper of tin State Cemetery at Austin. 
where the Conn eterans from the IY-- Home 

arc buried. There' arc about three hundred in the Hom 
about as many buried in the Stale i 

with a marble Ii with his name. iment, 

Stati . n.itn n\ . and hi en. h i nous in the 

cemetery i- the monumi nt ol Albert Side 

in the middle of the -tar i- in 1 

hero of three wars, the Indian, the Mexican Revolution, and 

war. Back of the Albert Sidney 
monument are the white marble headstones of Confederates. 
[Foregoing is from E. 1! Carruth. Capitol Station. Austin.] 



;o 



Qoi>federat<? l/eterai). 



COX FEDERATE ARMY D1SCIPLISE 

BY J. \V. COOK, HELENA, ARK. 

Discipline is a very important thing in an army, especially 
when in active service or in the presence of the enemy, and 
sometimes it assumes some peculiar phases. 

In October, 1862, the Confederate army under Generals 
Price and VanDorn had fought the battles at Iuka and Corinth, 
Miss., and after trying to stop Grant at Tallahatchie ( ?) River 
began slowly retiring before that immense army down what 
was then the Mississippi Central Railroad. Early one morning 
near Oxford, Miss., the enemy's advance cavalry or mounted 
infantry was unusually aggressive, and the rear of the column 
had to be very closely guarded. The 43d Mississippi Infantry, 
Col. Richard Harrison, had been detailed for that duty. Very 
strenuous orders had been issued that we were in the presence 
of the enemy, and the strictest silence must be maintained, 
so that the enemy could not know of our position along 
Yocona Creek and that "company commanders would be held 
responsible for their men." 

Tribute to Captain Perry. 

Unfortunately one of our company (A) let his gun fire 
accidentally, and it sounded like a piece of artillery. In a 
few moments Sergt. Maj. E. P. Sale passed along the line, 
found the culprit, and passed back. Shortly Adjt. W. E. 
Sykes came up and said, "Captain Perry, it is the colonel's 
order that I place you under arrest," even depriving him of 
his sword. "Lieutenant Moore, take command of the com- 
pany." Captain Perry, who was not really at fault, and who 
was never known to shirk a duty, however dangerous, turned 
a deathly white for a moment, but soon took in the situation 
and bided his time until restored a few hours later. Captain 
Perry was a very faithful and efficient officer, and was a soldier 
from principle in the strictest sense of that term. He never 
shirked a duty and never got rattled. After one of the first 
battles at Vicksburg, he looked over the field next morning 
and quoted from Scott : 

"And soon the sun came over the heath 
And lighted up the field of death." 

Again, at Adairsville, Ga., General Johnston issued orders 
that our communication was secure, and we would now turn 
upon the advancing enemy. Great cheers greeted the order. 
Captain Ferry quoted : 

"Full many a banner shall be torn, 
And many a knight to earth be borne, 
And many a sheaf in battle spent 
Ere Scotland's king shall cross the Trent." 

He gallantly led his steadily diminishing command all 
through the hundred days' battle from Dalton to Atlanta and 
Jonesboro. In the reorganization at Tuscumbia, Companies 
A and F were consolidated, with Captain Perry in command. 
While on to Tennessee, through the awful carnage at Frank- 
lin, and on to Nashville his good-natured pluck was ever 
present. 

It was my good fortune to be closely associated with him 
as messmate and bedfellow, and I noticed his keen. interest in 
every order and movement of the entire army; how be 
deprecated the awful slaughter at Franklin, believing that 
General Loring's idea of crossing Harpetb River and turning 
their left wing was evidently the thing to do. He struggled 
hard all the first day at Nashville and held our ground, only 
to give way when our left flank had been turned and exposed. 
In falling back I was captured, and that, beyond any doubt, 
saved my life. Lieutenant Colonel Sykes (formerly captain 



of Company A) took my place as messmate. Two or three 
nights thereafter, while sleeping in bivouac, a tree fell across 
them and killed the three messmates. Captain Perry, Will 
Owen, his nephew, and Colonel Sykes. While lying in prison 
at Camp Douglas I greatly deplored my ill fortune, ignorant 
of the fact that it saved my life. 

It may not be out of place to say that Colonel Sykes had 
just returned from the burial of his brother, Adjt. W. E. 
Sykes, who was wounded at Decatur and died there in the 
very room in which he was born. 




THREE SOLDIER BROTHERS' IDENTITY SOUGHT. 

Dr. J. B. Jones, of Garnett, Kans., sends these pictures of 
three soldier boys, which he says "were picked up by a fel- 
low-soldier of the Union army in South Carolina near a 
residence on the north side of some river," and which have 
been kept by him all these years ; but now be wishes to re- 
turn them to the family or any relatives desiring them. The 
three a-e brothers, typical sodiers of the time ; the names 
on the irds are too dim to be made out now. Any corre- 
spondence may be addressed to Dr. Jones. 

Nine Uncles in Confederate Service.— Miss Mary Rosa 
lind Tardy, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Tardy, of Bir- 
mingham, Ala., maid of honor U. S. C. V., appointed by Dr. 
Clarence Owens, has served three times as sponsor for the 
4th Alabama Brigade. She was the youngest sponsor at the 
second Birmingham Reunion. She had nine uncles in the 
War between the States : J. W. Southern, Greenville, S. C. ; 
Joseph T. Hollowell, William E. Hollowell, Huntsville, Ala.; 
Edwin Tardy, Mobile, Ala.; Carter, Irby, William, Peyton, 
and Edwin Spotswood, all of Huntsville, Ala. Her grand- 
father. Col. John P. Southern, of South Carolina, fitted out 
at his own expense an entire company for the Confederate 
service. On her father's side Miss Tardy is a direct de 
scendant of Governor Spotswood, of Virginia, and on her 
mother's side of the Purejoys and Bookers, of Colonial Vir- 
ginia; also of Col. Edmund Peters, of South Carolina, who 
was distinguished for service in the French and Indian wars 
See picture in December Veteran. 

Mrs. Jennie Maddox, of Trion, Ga., asks that any survivors 
of Company B, Crescent Blues, Capt. McG. Goodwin's com- 
pany, who knew her husband. Henry S. Maddo.x, will kindly 
write to her. 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterai). 



71 



ONE OF THE ■•FIGHTING PARSONS." 

BY W. C. DODSON, WACO, TEX. 

Tlie Veteran has contained sketches of several ministers 
whose conduct in our Confederate army was worthy of praise 
and commendation, but not one, 1 think, surpasses the self 
sacrificing patriotism of the one herewith mentioned. 

When the Army of Tennessee was in winter quarters around 
Dalton in the winter of [863, Rev. J. P. McMullen, a Presby 
terian minister, came as a missionary to Baker's Brigade, Stew 
art's Division, and by his pure life and unselfish devotion and 
sympathy with the sick, the unfortunate, and the erring won 
the confidence and love of all who knew him. lie had a son 
in the same brigade who also had tin- respect of officers and 
men. At the beginning of the campaign of 1864 Mr, McMullen 
put himself at the front i" minister to the wounded and give 
encouragement i" the men. At Resaca on May 1, when thi 
brigade made a fearful charge, he placed himself in its front 
against the entreaties and protests of the general and main 
others, explaining that he had been with them in camp where 
there was no danger, and would not forsake them in the houi 
of trial, hut would go with them into tin gati "i death. He 
went in front, waving his hat and cheering the men until he 
iruck down, and he and his son lay dead upon the field 
within a few feet of each other 

General Baker's report, "War Records," Series 1, Vol 38, 
Part 3. page 845, states: "Nor can I forbear to allude to tin 
heroic death of the Rev. J. I 1 . McMullen, a missionary to this 
brigade, an aged Presbyterian clergyman of spotless and ex 
alted character, who, having been to our soldiers the preceptot 
and the example of all that is admirable in the Christian, wi 1 
upon this bloody field that crowning honor with which the 
martyr patriot alone is worthy to he wreathed." A. P. Stew 
art as major general refers to him as tin- "aged missionary." 

What a contrast to the conduct of the chaplain of a certain 
' nt 1 knew, who, as it was drawn up 111 line to go into 
battle, took it upon himself to make a speech telling tin im 
what was their duty ami what the country expected of them, 
hut said he could not go with them, as he had orders not to do 
so I lli-. influence with every one was gone ami his chaplaincj 
was soon ended 

Flag of the Fortieth Alabama Regiment. 

There was another occurrence that Sunday evening at Re 
saca which, I think, is worthy of embalming in Southern his 
ton. ami which took place in connection with the death pf 
our missionary hero. As the brigade made tin- charge Sergi 
P. S. Gilder, color bearer of the 40th Alabama, was killed 
cral yards in advance of the command, and when tin- first 
order to retire was given the colors were left on the field; but 
"ii as this became known Adjt. Clarence H. Ellerb. 1 and 
Lieutenant I'm , 1, of Company A. and Lieutenant Knighton. o| 

Company F, volunteered to return ami ;■■ 1 them Thej went 
back and brought out the colors under a murderous fire with 
out being harmed This i- given also in Colonel Higley's 
"War Records," Series I, Vol. 38, Part 3. page 850. By 
the three going 11 gave line chances to recovei the colors in 
case one or two of the three should be killed, the determination 
being to reCOVI 1 ill' I "1' 'i at ill hazards. 

That old flag had a remarkable history. It was in the sieg< 
of Vicksburg. but did not sun end- 1 , 101- was u paroled. The 
color bearer who carried it to his death at Resaca saved n 
from dishonor at Vicksburg by cutting it loose from the frag- 
ment of staff left .unl. wrapping it around his body under his 



clothes, brought it out. My impression is that it was saved in 
like manner in the general surrender, and that it is now in pos- 
session of some member of the 40th Alabama or his descend- 
ants. The battle of Bentonville closed its history, as it did the 
life of the brave and chivalrous Adjutant F.Ilerbee, who so 
risked his life to save the flag. 



Vivid Picture of Storm's Disasters in Florida. 

Dr. W. S. Allen, of Alva, Fla., served in Forrest's old regi- 
ment in the war, and lived at McKenzie, Tcnn., from 1886 to 
1904. He seeks a pension, hut by the laws of Florida he will 
not be eligible for four years more. Dr. Allen was in the severe 
storm area in that State, and under date of October 21 he 
gives a pathetic account of the destruction in his section: "We 
have just passed through the most dreadful of tropic storms. 
There is scarcely a house left standing in its original position, 
while many have been totally destroyed. We arc now in a 
house, two stories high, in water six to seven feet deep. In 
every direction as far as the eye can reach there is a sea of 
water. It comes from Lake Ocheechobee ami tin Everg 
About noon on October 17 the wind increased to an alarming 
extent. We moved our things upstairs, and about midnight 
that followed the water 'made a jump' of about four feet. On 
the next day we took refuge in Mr. Anderson's house, and 
wc are cooking on a little 'heater,' as the Anderson stove is 
ninhr water. Many homes are ruined. Grape fruit and 
oranges are ruined. From my window I see hundreds ,1 
boxes floating." 

Dr. Allen wrote at length of the disaster. He owned sev- 
eral acres of orange tree . ome of them hearing, but it seems 
'liil .ill arc lo-=t. 

Two Soldiers Killed about a Mule. — Dr. A. G. McLaurin, 
of Brandon. Miss., writes of a shocking tragedy which oc- 
1 111 1 . c] in the vicinity of Trenton, Miss., in 1864, as Sherman's 
army was moving from Vicksburg to Meridian, Miss. Ii 
that three of Gen. William H. Jackson's cavalry, Wirt Adams's 
brigade, passed Trenton on foot, and, finding a negro rid 
mule, they took possession of the mule and started on to over- 
take their command. The owner of the mule, Capt. William 
•uarles, overtook them and tried to get his mule, but 
they treated him roughly, as they had his servant, and refused 
to let him have it. He then secured his gun and intercepted 
them farther on, again demanding his mule: and upon refusal 
and, it is said, mistreatment he killed two of them, while the 
other escaped. The men killed ware Tennesseeans and were 
named Tucker and Payne (or Paine), and were buried in a 
graveyard one mile east of Trenton. General Jackson 
detachment of soldiers to arrest Captain Quarles; but failing 
1 him, they took four of his mules. The lieutenant with 
this detachment was named Houkc. This may give informa- 
tion of their fate to members of their families. Dr. McLaurin 
will lake pleasure in giving such additional informati 
he can 

us 01 .1. .1 1-iMi v Chapter, I". D. C— The J. J. Fin 

I hapter, U. D. C, of Gainesville, Fla.. met in annual ses- 
sion at the home of the retiring President. Mrs J, I Kelley, 
on December 1 ami elected the following officers for the com- 

Prcsidcnt. Mrs. A. R. Harper: Vice Pre 
Mis. W, 1'.. Taylor and Mrs' M. II DePass; Recording 
tary. Mrs. George F. Pyle; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. C. 
\ 1 ilclough; Treasurer. Mis. J I Medlin; Registrar. Mrs. 
I M Rivers; Historical ( ii , Mrs. J 1 I Chair- 

man). Mrs. John M. Taylor. Mrs. || K. Wilburn. 



J2 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



SCOUTIXG WITH GENERAL WHEELER. 
by e. h. m'knight, m'knight, okla. 

I belonged to Company K, Terry's Texas Rangers, and I 
was the Texan mentioned as being with James B. Nance on 
the scout with General Wheeler across the Pedee River, notice 
of which was in the Veteran for May last. We were on Sher- 
man's (lank, and were moving to his front when we came to 
the Pedee River. I think the crossing we struck was the 
Ten Islands crossing, and the river was up, swift, and danger- 
ous. General Wheeler had gotten an old citizen to pilot him 
across the ford ; but the old fellow got in deep, and down- 
stream he and horse went until the boys pulled him out. He 
would not try again, so General Wheeler said he was going 
across. About that time I rode down to let my horse drink. 
Nance and I were side by side as the General rode into the 
water alone. Nance said to me: "Let's go with him." 

As we both plunged in the General looked around and saw 
us and said : "Boys, hold your horses' heads upstream and let 
them float across." So we did as he said, and got to the first 
island all right. We got down and wrung the water out of our 
clothes and boots, and the General called a council as to how 
we would do. We knew we were going into the Yankee lines. 
We got across all the channels all right and rode about a mile 
from the river. 

It was then late in the evening, and we rode up to a farm- 
house to see if we could camp with the farmer that night. 
The old gentleman said he would like to keep us, but he was 
afraid to, as the Yankees were watching him. He said he had 
a son hiding out there who was at home on furlough. He 
then told us of an old man living on the big road who was 
friendly to the Yankees, and there was not so much danger 
of his getting burned out if we were caught there. He gave 
us details of the place and family ; so we went on and found 
the old man willing to let us stop for the night. There were 
three of the family and three negroes. 

We wanted to dry our blankets and clothes, so we built a 
lire in the log kitchen, and Nance and I went to work to dry 
out while General Wheeler kept the old man and family com- 
pany, as we had agreed that he should dry by the old man's 
fire in the main house and watch him and the women, and 
we would look after the negroes. We told the old man that 
we were Confederates, but did not tell him of what command. 
We could hear him giving Wheeler's Cavalry the d — and 
lamenting that they were on the other side of the river and 
likely to cross as the river went down. The General would 
agree with him that the cavalry were mighty bad men and 
would rob and steal everything in sight. The old man said he 
would have to hide all his stuff the next day, at which 
Wheeler laughed and agreed with him. 

About twelve o'clock a company of the 4th Alabama or 4th 
Tennessee Cavalry scouts, who had crossed the river up above 
on a ferryboat, came down the river hunting a place to get 
food. They stopped and called at the gate, and Wheeler told 
me to see wdio it was, so as to give him a chance to get out 
the back way. I had a hard time to make the captain under- 
stand that General Wheeler was at the house, for he said he 
left Wheeler on the other side of the river; hut I finally showed 
him that I was a Texas Ranger by my hoots and Texas spurs, 
and we went to the house with a detail of his men to watch 
me. When we got to the door, we peeped around the side 
and said: "Well, General Wheeler, what are you doing here?" 
Wheeler said, "Looking for the Yankees," and I want to tell 
you that you could have tied that old citizen's eyes with a 
cable rope. 



Well, the General told the captain to put out a strong picket 
around the place, so we could sleep. Well, we didn't have 
much supper, but the breakfast was butter and eggs, ham and 
big, fat biscuit. About daylight Shannon's Scouts, of the Texas 
Rangers, came up; but they hardly had time to feed their 
horses before the picket reported the Yankees just down the 
road robbing a house, and that was the reason that Comrade 
Nance had to sound his bugle. 

This is all as I remember it after forty-six years. I would 
have been gratified to meet General Wheeler and Comrade 
Nance after the war, and often looked for the latter at our 
Reunions. I was under the impression that he belonged to 
the 4th Alabama Cavalry, which is perhaps the reason that I 
did not find him. I would like to hear from any surviving 
members of the company that came to us that night or from 
any of Shannon's Scouts who made the charge that morning. 
When some of the Yanks decided not to go any farther with 
Sherman to the coast, they camped around that farmhouse. 



.1 BOY'S IMPRESSIONS AT SI II LOU. 

BY T. I:. ANDERSON, GALLATIN, TENN. 

I was in the battle of Shiloh as a boy in the 28th Tennessee 
Infantry, commanded by Col. John P. Murray, Breckinridge's 
division. Early in the night of April 6, 1S6.2, we were ordered 
out from Corinth, and we marched all night. Early next 
morning we broke in on the Yankees' breakfast arrangements, 
and we captured the entire camp, securing all of the pro- 
visions that the inner man desired. It was ready-cooked, but 
our business was so pressing that we had no time to eat. After 
the enemy had time to form, we ran up against something. 
We fought them for a long time on the crest of a hill with a 
valley in front. There we lost our major, Jim Tolbert. The 
hall that ended his life passed so near my head that 1 dodged. 

We had fought them bitterly, when the gallant Gen. John 
C. Breckinridge rode up, carrying his hat in his hand, and 
said: "Charge them, Tennesseeans ! Charge them!" And we 
did it. sweeping everything before us. In passing over that 
ravine I could have walked on dead Yankees. When we 
gained the crest of the intervening hill, we received the sur- 
render of Prentice's Brigade. As a boy I jumped up and 
down, thinking the war was over on seeing all those men stack 
their arms. But we fought them the rest of the day, until we 
crowded them back to the Tennessee River. That evening 
we lost the noble, the grand Sidney Johnston. We had them 
about ready to surrender, when we were ordered to lay down 
in line of battle. Beauregard was then in command, and T 
wonder why we did not reap the fruits of that victory. 



THANKFULNESS OF COMRADES. 

BY ROBERT J. RHODES, WHITEVILLE, TENN. 

Comrades, when I begin to think of what I should be thank- 
ful for, I am overwhelmed, and then think of the things for 
which I am not thankful. The good Lord in his loving-kind- 
ness has gently led me through life. I don't know the taste 
of that awful enemy to mankind, whisky ; neither that of 
coffee nor tobacco. Yes, I am thankful that I am at peace with 
our Heavenly Father. I served thirty-two months in the cruel 
war under General Forrest. In one of our charges in the 
battle of Iuka, Miss., my horse threw me. Our captain, Rufus 
Brooks, was wounded and captured with others. I am thank- 
ful that the enemy thought I was dead and left me on the field, 
so I was never a prisoner. To all comrades who wore the 
gray and the blue I am thankful to have a heart full of 
good wishes. 



Qopfederat^ 1/eterap. 



73 



THE DILIGENCE OF COMRADE I. P. MAY. 
The Last Roll Department contains a list of the decea ed 
members of the U. C. V. Camp at Quitman, Miss. This list 
was sent bj Ailjt. J. P. May. who was born in Lauderdale 
County, Miss., in 1X4(1. and received his education in the schools 
of Enterprise, Miss. Tn October, 1863. he volunteered in 
Company I, 28th Mississippi Cavalry, Col. P. P.. Stark-, and 
served through the North Georgia campaign and in the prin- 
cipal battles around Atlanta and Jonesboro. He was also 111 
the Tennessee campaign, and was severely wounded at Frank- 
lin on November 30, 1X114. On Hood's retreat he was tap 
lured, and in April. 1865, he was sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, 
where he remained a month and was exchanged and senl to 




I \1'1. J. P, MAY. 

\i w 1 Orleans and up 10 Vicksburg under negro guards, ami 
was paroled on the 1st of June, [865. lie was a week getting 
t" Jackson, and all thai time lived on green blackberries and 
plums, and arrived home in Enterprise on the night "f June 
7. [865 M. has been in public life about a quarter of 

lury. He was lax Assessor of his county for about twelve 

years in succession, and is nuw election commissionei He is 

still true tn "tin- ..in-, we 1. .ii" 1- Adjutant of Camp 

Robert M.d.ain. No. [469, U. ( '. V., and lakes a deep nun. i 

in its objects as well as .1 welfare of comrade 



FROM TABLET MM ONUMENT IN KEf >V 

The inscription on the mound of the Confedcrati dead : 
engraved on tablet, page 572 Decembei Vi lEran, is as follows: 
"Beneath tins mound rest in sleep that knows no waking mon 
than one bundle. 1 1 eiii.l.rate soldiers from Tennessee, Mis- 
sissippi, an, 1 Alabama, who were killed in the battle of Fishing 
1 .1 unary 10, [862 We know nol who they were, but 
the whole world knows what thej v. I ;e died far from 

their homes, but they fill heroes' graves, and glory ki 
less watch about their tomb." 



GIVE COTTOh TAX TO PENSION FUNDS, 
The Gordon Memorial Camp, No. 1551, United 1 
Veterans, located at Oxford, Ala., makes important appeal: 

"Whereas several millions of dollars has lain in the I 
Mai.s treasury for forty-odd years, belonging to the South- 
ern States, collected from revenue or tax on cotton during 
the years 1X05 to 1869; and whereas the United States Su- 
preme Court has declared such tax unconstitutional and 
illegal; and as sai.l tax was paid by tin Confederal 
their widows, and the white people or citizens of the said 
Southern Stales at a time when thej could hast afford it; 

and whereas some of said COttOIl was raised with. ail the aid 
of im annuals l, v said soldier, his wife, and children, or the 
widows and orphans of such soldiers on scanl rations; and as 
ii would he impossible to refund -aid monej to those who paid 
11, a- mosl .1 them and their heirs have pa--, d over the river; 
therefore be il 
"Resolved, Thai all Camps of Confederate Veteran! of the 

several Slales urge upon their members of Congress and 
Senators from each district and Stale to introduce a hill at 
the next session of Congress to have the money returned to 

the Treasurer of each Slate, the amounts collected Erom each 
Slate from which said cotton was gi iwn, and to place said 
money to the Confederate pension funds for the soldiers and 
their widows Many of these proposed beneficiaries are verj 
feeble and nol able to earn a comfortable support 

I iiom \s II Basry, I ommander; 
W. T. Dodd, Adjutant." 



FIGHTING THE KANSAS IAYHAWKERS 

IP \ E MI'.ICI I . M p.] . I I I \ t Mo 

1 am a constant reader of the VETERAN, and would like to 
correspond with any comrades who were with Col. Sidney 
Jackrnan, 71I1 Missouri (later Kith) [nfantry, in February, 
1862, when near White's Ferry, on Grant River, Missouri. 

It was there that we got news that the Kansas Javhawkcrs 

were killed and robbing citizens in Bates County, Mo. We 
located them at Dr. Walker's, when a running fighl took place, 
wiili the Yankees in the lead. We ran them several miles. 

abandoning the chase because of darkness. The next ila\ W( 
buried five citizens whom they bad killed Of these citi ens 
there was an old man named Prewitt, aged eightj tin.. 
and another man named Keys was of the number. We ft mid 
one WOUnded man in the woods. Soon after that many of us 
were captured and confined at Sedalia. Mo. but latin some 

wen senl .1 ewhere. Among these latter was Colonel Par 
ker, whom they chained with a ball, Captain William March 

banks, and many others whose names I forget. I would like 

especially to bear from Captain Marchbanks if living. I have 
d fr. an any of those with whom 1 was in prison 
except Colonel Jackrnan, who died in Texas. I was seventy- 
three years <d,| on Christmas da] I have nevei 
from injuries received in the Sedalia prison. 



I he Veteran is anxious to procure the follow! 
and will be gla.l to hear from am patrons who can supply 

them in g I condition — viz.: Roman's "Life of Bet 

William Pn ton Johnston's "Life oi V S. John iDick 

r*aylor's "Destruction and Reconstruction." S idition, 

binding, and price wanted. 



1 V Johnson, of 136- Sixth Avenue North, Nashville, 

Tenn., is in po 1 ion of a letter written dm ixttes, 

"June 16," written by "Wayne H." to sur- 

of thai time of either family may d in writ- 
Mr. Johnson. 



74 



Qopfederat^ Veterai). 



BARBARITIES IN NORTHWEST ARKANSAS. 

BY J. MONT WILSON, SPRINGFIELD, MO. 

Captain Beaty's company of Partisan Rangers was attached 
to Colonel Brooks's brigade of cavalry, scouting in North- 
west Arkansas in the fall of 1864, when General Blount fol- 
lowed General Price on his raid out of Missouri through 
Northwest Arkansas to the Arkansas River. Knowing all the 
Confederates would go South for the winter, Captain Beaty 
disbanded his company for two days, so they could go to their 
homes (in the vicinity of Cane Hill, Cincinnati, and Rhea's 
Mill, in the path of Blount's advancing army) and get their 
winter clothes and have brief visits with their families. They 
went in small squads over the country, and before they could 
unite these squads General Blount's army came down the 
Arkansas and Indian Territory line, covering the country for 
five miles in width, robbing and then burning a great many 
homes. This was done by Jennison's Brigade of Kansas Cav- 
alry, which included Captain Curtis, of the 6th Kansas, with 
nine men and a fine-looking lieutenant, OrlifF Norton ; but 
Norton stated at a house just before the fight that he did not 
belong to Curtis's company. 

These eleven men went west from the Cane Hill road to the 
Billy Barker place, robbing and cursing the women, who had 
no protection except a few old men in the neighborhood. At 
this place they divided, Curtis and five men going west to the 
Cheatham place, taking old man Carroll Clarey and his son, 
fourteen years old, and leaving the motherless and helpless 
children, telling them that they were going to kill both of 
them. They passed a blackberry patch on the way, and the 
boy dodged into it and escaped. A short distance beyond they 
hanged the old man and robbed Bob Johnson's house. 

Lieutenant Norton and the other five men, intent on getting 
all the horses and mules they could, started for John Tilley's, 
near Rhea's Mill, to get his stock. Captain Beaty, Lieutenant 
Rich, Newton Carnahan, Jonathan Burlington, Bill West, and 
Jack Rich were sitting on a bluff near the road from David 
Moore's to Rhea's Mill, and commanded them to halt. They 
fired on the boys and ran, when Captain Beaty and squad 
mounted quickly and charged after them. Curtis and his squad, 
also headed for John Tilley's, just then came up the road to 
their right and rear, and, seeing the Confederates coming up, 
they dashed ahead and joined the first party keeping the road to 
Rhea's Mill. The Confederates crowded them so close that 
they left the road and started east toward the Pylant place. 
Thinking to check the boys, they formed behind a fallen tree 
top. Lieutenant Rich yelled to the boys to flank them, which 
they did. The Federals could not stand this hand-to-hand 
business, but wheeled and ran east. Then the charge began 
in earnest — over rocks, stumps, and logs through the timber. 
The lieutenant did not last long, as he had appropriated New- 
ton Carnahan's old mule an hour or so before, presumably 
to rest his horse. They left six on the field and ran two a 
long distance, but could not come up with them, Bill West 
and Lieutenant Rich leading the others. Lieutenant Rich 
forged ahead ; and when the last was seen of the two, one was 
lying down on his horse, holding around his neck, the other 
whipping the horse. The wounded man fell from his horse, 
and soon after died, as he was found on the bluff not far 
from Tilley's prairie. 

Soon afterwards Captain Curtis and his squad passed down 
this road, not knowing the fate of that part of his squad. 
Captain Beaty and Lieutenant Rich did not know this until too 
late to come up with them. Six men killed seven of the 
eight and secured all of their arms, ammunition, accouter- 



ments, and horses. This resulted without a man or horse 
getting a scratch. Captain Beaty and Lieutenant Rich were 
in other similar engagements. Lieutenant Rich, Bill West, 
and Jack Rich were the only ones left of this squad a 
few years ago. Lieutenant Rich was an honored citizen of 
Texas for years, but now lives in Oklahoma. 



In a personal letter Comrade Wilson adds: "In this same 
neighborhood they killed one of Price's sick soldiers at Jim 
Moore's home, searched his daughter for jewelry, and then 
burned his house and its contents. This was the time they 
burned Aunt Naomi Buchanan's house and numerous other 
houses, with all their contents, at Cane Hill. They also hanged 
three men who were innocent of any crime, and one of them 
was a Union man. My sister was with Aunt Naomi and 
Cyrene, and said they lived for ten days on Irish potatoes that 
had been dug when the marauders were there. My sister 
helped to cut down and bury old man Crozier, seventy-five 
years old, his only crime being that he was a Southern man 
with sons in the Confederate army." 



The Monument to Soldiers of Roanoke County, Va. — In 
the Veteran for September, page 421, is an account of the 
erection of a monument to the soldiers of Roanoke County. 
Va., and credit for this memorial was given to the "Daughters 
of the Confederacy" of that community. However, this credit 
should go to "Southern Cross" Chapter, U. D. C, of Salem, 
whose members worked hard for the monument and are very 
proud of their success. It is twenty-eight feet high. 



JOHNSON'S ISLAND. 
[This poem was written by Maj. E. A. Holmes, of Tazewell 
County, Va., while a prisoner on Johnson's Island, and it was 
recently copied from an autograph album belonging to Capt. 
W. E. Peery, of Company I, 16th Virginia Cavalry, a fellow- 
prisoner, who afterwards lost an arm at Gettysburg. This is 
but one of many poems written by prisoners on that famous 
old island, a number of which were copied into this album, 
now so highly treasured by the daughter of Captain Peery, 
Mrs. G. A. Martin, of Tazewell, Va.] 

O. who has not heard of this isle in Lake Erie, 

So guarded to-day, so unheeded before, 
Where the brave and the loyal stroll listless and weary, 
Their thoughts far away from its low, sandy shore? 
The sun rises red o'er thy waters, Lake Erie, 

And gladdens the day with its rich golden hue. 
O, who will he tell of the thoughts sad and dreary 

Now casting such gloom o'er the brave and the true ? 
When cannon loomed loud mid the storm of the battle, 

And riders lay breathless, their horses all foam, 
Those hearts that ne'er quailed midst the musketry rattle 
Now melt when they think of dear faces at home. 

The bugle call wakes with its loud reveille 

From night's fitful slumber those heroes so true 
From sweet dreams of Dixie, unconquered and free, 

To muse and to stroll till the sound of tattoo. 
O, who would have thought if a prophet had told us 

A few years ago that such things could e'er be, 
That strangers might come and in prison behold us 

Confined in a land that still claims to be free? 
The storm blasts of winter sweep cold o'er Lake Erie; 

In silence we bear our lost comrades to rest; 
No more will they stroll midst the listless and weary; 

They sleep their last sleep in this isle of the West. 



Qoi}federat<? l/eterai?. 



75 



ESCAPADE IN SOUTHERN FLORIDA. 

BY E. G. WILDER, SOCRUM, FLA. 

I send a short sketch of experiences' in South Florida to 
the Veteran about an attempt to capture Fort Myers, in Lee 
County. I served in Capt. John T. Lesley's 'rivalry company, 
Munnerlyn's Battalion. 

We captured the Federal pickets at Billy's Branch, in Lee 
County, in the latter part of the war. There were parts of 
four cavalry companies engaged. We undertook to rapture 
Fort Myers. The forces there were a great annoyance to our 
citizens north of the fort. Their ravages on one occasion 
reached as far north as Bayport, where Capt. John Lesley 
was wounded, and is carrying a crooked arm to-day. Emory 
Campbell, one of my comrades, was instantly killed there by 
a mistaken fire from another company of our own men. The 
companies of Capts. Agnew, 1. G. Lesley, F. A. Hendry, and 
John I . Lesley were all under the command "t Mai William 




K. C. WILDER. 

tan; and when we were aboul two miles from the fort, 
Footman held a council of war and expressed the con 
viction that we could capture the fort by killing or capturing 
the Yankee pickets who were on guard at Billy's Branch, one 
mile east of the fort. 

Lieut. W. M. Hendry was chosen as leader of this 
and he selected five men to go with him. I was one of those 
selected. I was then much in love with his youngest 

Cornelia A. Hendry, who became my wile in August, 
1865; and for that reason, if for no other, I would have Stayed 
with him to the Inst. We rode quietly along the way until we 
came in sight of the pickets, when 1 ieutenanl Hem 
forward, saying, "Come on, boys," and we picked them up in 
ihorl order without tiring a gun. Wo turned them ovet to 
Footman and his command, and then captured a few 
others who were on the outside of the fort. We killed one of 
them who seemed determined to make his way to 



At this time everything was in our favor. The officers held 
another consultation, and a flag of truce was sent in ordering 
a surrender of the fort. In this short time they arranged their 
field pieces and small arms, and sent word back by our truce 
that if we got it we would have to take it. 

I had captured a beautiful gun at Billy's Branch, with a 
few other things from the pickets, and was thinking of the 
hard-tack and pickled pork that we expected to get inside of 
the fort. 1 hail become used to such rations in 1856-58 during 
the Seminole Indian War; but when 1 saw that flag of truce 
start toward the fort, my heart was sick from disappointment; 
my stomach was somewhat so from hunger. 

Our line of battle was formed on the south side of the fori 
Our horses were out of range of the enemy's small arms, but 
in good play of their artillery. A large shell exploded very 
near me, and part of it was buried in the dirt within 
feet of wdicre I was Standing. I got it out of the dirt and took 
it back on the long, hungry march home to show to my 
heart and relatives. 

All day and until night we were skirmishing and sli 
at each other with but few casualties. Night came on and 
we had nothing to eat. We killed some beef, broiled and 
burned it to a crisp, and ate it without salt. 

Another consultation of officers was held, and Major Foot- 
man thought best to abandon the siege. So late at night we 
started our long, weary march back to our former quarters, a 
distance of one hundred and seventy-five miles, with but a 
scant supply of horse feed or rations. Some of our boys ate 
palmetto buds on that memorable return trip. 

After tin- war I became well acquainted with one of the 
pickets captured at Billy's Branch, lie was a very pious man. 
I enjoyed religious services with him frequently; but he has 
long since gone to his reward. I never joked bun about his 
capture at Billy's Branch. 

It is all over now. 1 surrendered my musket to the 1 
officer at Fort Brook, Tampa. Fla , in May. 1865. Since then 
I have marched side by side in parade with the gray and the 
blue. Let us continue these peaceful marches until we "cross 
over the river to rest under the shade of the tt 



CONFEDERATES BURIED AT SHEPHERDSTOWN. 

James P. Wintermyrc, of Shepherdstown, W. Va , corrects 
the statement appearing in the Veteran last May, pagi 
by Capt. Charles C. Doten that Gen. George B.. Anderson died 
on the field of Antietam and was there buried, and that John 
Murray Atwood, of the 20th Massachusetts Regiment, bad re 
11 1 d a plain gold ring from his finger. He says that & 
Anders. 11 was slightly wounded in the foot at Antietam and 
was removed to Shepherdstown, where he died Gen. John 
B. Gordon also was wounded in that battle and was taken to 
Shepherdstown. 

Mr. Wintermyre sends a list of I tlfedi rates buried in Elm- 
wi od Cemetery at Shepherdstown, thinking some of their peo- 
ple would like to know of it. Of the known dead there are 
about one hundred and six, and about one hundred and s, 
of the unknown. A monument was erected by the Southern 
Soldiers' Memorial Association of Shepherdstown in 1870. 
The list follows: 

Col. William Monagan, 6th Louisiana Regiment. 

Captains; Redman Burke; R Grig by, Company A. 
Louisiana; R. E. Clayton, Company 1". 2d Mi- Wal- 

lack, 22d Georgia; R. W. Cotton, i-i Texas; Lee, South Caro- 
lina; H. J. Smith. Company I». Hampton's Legion. 

Lieutenants; W, II llarvin. Company F. 2ISt Virginia ; C. 



-h 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



T. Lyon, Company II. -(Sth Virginia; C. Wilson; Andrew J. 
Williams, Company K, 3d North Carolina ; H. W. Boyd, Com- 
pany C, 5th Texas ; James A. Beasley, 9th Virginia Cavalry ; 
John James, 17th Mississippi; Williams, Black Horse Ar- 
tillery; Charles Davenport, Charleston, S. C. 

Dr. W. T. Farran, Terry's Brigade. Pickett's Division. 

Sergeant Major Anderson, 5th Florida. 

Sergts. J. Harlan and S. Jones. 

Corp. M. J. Fountain, 13th Georgia. 

Privates : William G. Overton ; A. Misler, Company B, 52d 
North Carolina ; J. Allen, Company K, 6th North Carolina ; 
A. P. Wright, Company C, 21st Virginia; Patrick Finnelly. 
Georgia; B. Thomson, 2d North Carolina; J. W. Taylor, Jen- 
kins's Cavalry; S. M. Gork, Company K, 8th Mississippi; An- 
drew Leopold ; W. J. Newhall, Company K, 12th Alabama ; 

D. S. Hood, Georgia; A. Riggs, Company F, 4th Texas; J. 
Gordon, Company F, 4Sth North Carolina; W. D. Patten, Com- 
pany C, 1st North Carolina; Addison Reinhart, Company B, 
20th North Carolina; F. L. Witherspoon, North Carolina; J. 

E. Edwards, Company F, 2d North Carolina ; W. Ireland, 
Company C, 60th Georgia; W. A. Cook, Company G, 31st 
Georgia ; William Eason, Company D, 2d North Carolina ; 
William Howell, Company K, 19th Mississippi; W. H. Mer- 
ser, Louisiana Guard Artillery; T. W. Hornbuckle, 13th North 
Carolina ; J. Deakins. Union District, S. C. ; A. T. Vespot ; C. 
Dove, Company C, 2d North Carolina ; J. Robinson, Brooks's 
Artillery ; S. W. Perry, Georgia ; J. Bundy, 21st Mississippi ; 
W. Vaughn; Irivin; Edward Hoey, Louisiana Guard Artillery; 
S. K. Ferrell, Georgia ; J. H. Pratt, 30th Virginia ; George L. 
Roup, 50th Virginia; J. Willis, Spottsylvania County, Va. ; 
D. T. Hood, 5th Alabama Artillery; F. M. Thompson. 1st 
Georgia ; A. Kepley, Company I, 14th North Carolina ; W. T. 
Smith, Company I, 22d Georgia; G. T. Warburton, Parks's 
Artillery; J. Newman Johnson, 1st Maryland; A. Waters. 
Company A, 8th Georgia ; I. T. Jones, 50th Georgia ; G. W. 
Hoffler, 4th Texas; M. G. Maybin, 15th Georgia; M. B. Slaugh- 
ter, nth Louisiana; W. E. Slandiffer, nth Georgia; A. Rat- 
ter; J. W. Elliott, Huntsville, Ala.; W. H. McBride, Com- 
pany C, 3d Georgia; E. P. Holliday, 5th North Carolina; R. 
P. Connell, Company I, 50th Georgia ; William Jarbee ; C. E. 
Eason, Company E, 33d North Carolina ; J. B. Stone ; J. M. 
McOwen, Company C, 12th Georgia; J. Reinhart, Company B, 
59th North Carolina ; William B. Daniels, Company C, 55th 
North Carolina; J. Tucker, 21st Georgia; M. Banks, Hamp- 
ton's Legion ; C. R. Rogers, South Carolina ; H. Spohr, 9th 
Georgia ; J. Lee ; W. C. Ross ; O. Tew, 2d North Carolina ; 
John McKee, 2d South Carolina; Rev. E. L. Marsh, 31st Geor- 
gia ; E. D. Burbank, 26th Georgia ; J. C. Agnew, 5th South 
Carolina ; T. J. Garvin, 2d South Carolina Rifles ; J. A. Ogle- 
tree, Company I, 13th Georgia; S. Ganty, Company D, 16th 
South Carolina; J. B. Feamster, nth Mississippi; John Gay, 
31st Georgia; John Williams, Rockbridge Artillery; F. G 
Thomson, Company K, 5th North Carolina ; N. L. Farnham. 
Company D, 5th Florida; Eli Porter, North Carolina; T. J. 
Grim, 1st South Carolina; Collens Miller, White's Battalion; 
George W. Harris, Company F, 1st Virginia Cavalry ; John 
N. Gageby, Company B. 1st Virginia Cavalry ; Joseph E. 
Yontz, Company B, 2d Virginia, Stonewall Brigade. The 
four last-named were from Shepherdstown. 



A comrade writes from Stockton, Ala. : "I am now sixty-six 
years of age. My health is bad, and I have decided it is best 
to stop my subscription to the Veteran. I greatly appreciate 
it, but on account of failing health will ask its discontinuance." 



SINGULAR MEETING OF TWO OLD VETERANS. 

The Tampa (Fla.) Tribune prints a remarkable yet very 
reasonable story from Zephyr Hills, a new colony town in 
Florida, concerning two veterans who battered each other with 
their muskets at Malvern Hill in the battle there. The vet- 
erans were William H. Hopkins, who was in a New York 
regiment, and Samuel Stafford, who was in the 5th Florida. 

The story goes on to say that at Malvern Hill, Va., the Union 
forces charged an intrenched line of Confederates, and a fierce 
and bloody hand-to-hand fight took place. The two men, now 
grizzled and old, were boys. They met face to face, hand to 
hand, gun to gun, and saw each other well. Both had emptied 
their rifles into the ranks of their respective foes, and with 
clubbed guns they attacked each other, each demanding sur- 
render. Neither would yield, and they fought with the fierce- 
ness of youth and the determination of brave men, each of 
whom had faith in the righteousness of the cause for which 
he struggled. Hopkins dealt Stafford a heavy blow with the 
butt of his gun on the head, and at the same instant Stafford 
had brought the butt of his gun crashing upon the head of 
Hopkins, the hammer striking his eye, and both fell. Stafford 
arose in a very short time, dazed and terribly hurt ; but the 
attack had failed, and the Union troops, defeated, had fled, 
or those who were able to flee and were not captured. Hop- 
kins lay upon the earth unconscious, apparently dead, and be- 
came a prisoner. A bullet had struck his head, inflicting a 
most dangerous wound, while the blow of Stafford had frac- 
tured his skull. The Confederate boy looked down upon the 
still form of his enemy, who was covered with blood and 
gave no sign of life, and his humane heart stood still in hor- 
ror. He began to weep over his enemy, and undertook to 
wash the blood from his face. An officer asked him what he 
was crying about, and he said: "I have killed a man. I did 
not know him. Why should I kill him?" 

It was nearly three months before Hopkins himself knew 
that he was alive, before he recovered consciousness. The 
sight of his right eye was gone. The blow he struck Stafford 
resulted in the destruction of his right eye. Neither saw the 
other after that fight until now. These two old men, each 
having but one eye, met by chance. Stafford lives within the 
bounds of the colony ; Hopkins is a colonist. When chance 
led them to the same group near colony headquarters, they 
greeted each other casually as strangers ; then each took a 
second look and a third. Each being struck by the similarity 
of their mutually unfortunate state, they looked upon each 
other with growing interest. Stafford said : "I seem to re- 
member you. I wonder if we ever met before?" 

Hopkins answered : "As soon as I saw you I thought I 
ought to know ; but I do not. I guess. My name is Hopkins." 

"My name is Stafford. I live just over yonder. I lost my 
eye in a fight at Malvern Hill. How did you lose yours? Was 
it in the war? Were you wounded?" 

"Yes," Hopkins responded in surprise. "I was struck on 
the head by a Reb at Malvern Hill when we charged their 
intrenchment. Well, that was the man you remind me of." 

"You are the Yankee who refused to surrender and knocked 
me on the head with the butt of your gun, I believe," said 
Stafford; and when each told the details of the fight, it became 
evident that these gray-haired men were the boys who fought 
so terribly in battle hand to hand that day at Malvern Hill. 
And each battered the other to the destruction of his right eye. 



F. G. Yeatts, of Pizarro, Va., desires to hear from any of 
the engineer corps of the 54th Tennessee Regiment, and in- 
quires especially for William A. Yeatts, of that command. 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai). 



7/ 



CONCERNING BA1 III. OF GET. I YSBURG. 

15V JOHN PUKIIIIV. WON MIRY, ALA. 

I read the article of Comrade June Kimble, of Eastland, 
Tex., in the October Veteran with a great deal of interest 
!i doubtless presents the facts as they arc. The "War Rec 
ords" fully sustain Comrade Kimble's recollection of the pan 
that I Kill's Division took in tin- memorable charge, generally 
designated as Pickett's, on the third day of t hat great hattle. 
Most all writers of the present daj in referring to this charge 
call it "Pickett's charge," forgetting that other troops than 
Pickett's are entitled to honor. 

General Lee in his report of that assault stales: "About I 
r\i. al a given signal a heavy cannonade was opened and 
continued for about two hours with marked effect upon the 
enemy, llis batteries replied vigorously at first; hut toward 
the close their fire slackened perceptibly, and General Long- 
Streel ordered forward the column of attack, consisting of 
Pickett's and llcih's Divisions in two Inns. Pickett on the 
right. Wilcox's Brigade marched in rear of Pickett's right to 
guard that flank, and Heth's Division was supported by Lane's 
and Scales's Brigades under Trimble." 

Inn. V P. Hill, of whose corps llcth's Division formed a 
part, states: "The assault was then gallantly made, Heth's 
Division and Trimble's two brigades on the left of Pickett." 

"There is glory enough for all," and credit should not be 
win ill \ as sumed by any single body of troops in that memorable 
battle. It is perfectly natural thai our gallant comrades A'ho 
-•I nobly touched elbows in that noted charge should feel 

piqued at the frequencj of the mention of thai grand charge 
as Pickett's. General Pickett's division performed us part 
nobly, and the writer would not say aught to detract from the 
honors justly due our gal Ian I comrades composing I hat division, 

Comrade Kimble says: "We had arrived in sight of the \ ir- 
ginia Bluffs, a half or three-quarters of a mile away, when 
General llill ordered two pieces of artillery planted on the 
1 .lii It" to open lire on (he enemy. The boom of the first gun, 
the shriek of the shell high over our heads from a friendly 
dm i lion, the bursting of the shells in the enemy's line, fol- 
lowed rapidly by other shots, stopped their advance. To this 
little band, so seriously pressed and overcome with fatigue, 
iln iiuml of these guns was to us tin- sweetest musil that I m 
fell upon our ears." 

Did General Hill order the artillery fired? Were there bul 
two guns planted on that bluff? 

General Pendleton states: "After crossing the Potomac, 

('.liter's guns were placed ill position Oil the hill just below 
the bridge and some of Garnett's on that just above. Lam's 
20-pound Parrolls were also posted -nine di-lanee fartlvr 
down and Hurt's Whitworths higher up, all to repel an ex- 
i ,nh am e of the enemy." 
I lent, ("nl Thomas II Carter's report stall - - "Mj whole 
battalion took position at Palling Waters to cover the crossing 
on the pontoon bridge. A few rounds were fired at the 
enemy's line of sharpshooters as they attempted to press our 
skirmishers approaching the bridge. The pursuit was checked 
n ithi ml further difficulty." 

1'he Jeff Davis artillery of Alabamians i w, J Reese's bat 

was a part of Colonel Carter's battalion, and were placed 
in position on the bluff, immediately over the pontoon bridge, 
to the south of the pike, which position gate it range of the 
tpproaches to the bridge from the Maryland side. We had 

d early in the morning and went immediately into posi- 
tion. Ih,. recollection of the writer is that the first volley 
from that artillery-crowned bluff was from at least twenty 



guns, which deterred a mass of the enemy from approaching 
in sight on the Maryland bluff. After the first volley, Reese's 
Battery of three-inch rifle guns fired several -hot- at tin 
enemy's skirmishers. It was clear to us who manned the guns 
on that bluff thai the enerm could not have reasonably placed 
a battery in position in sight on the opposite bluff. Am 
fact is that our great chieftain, R. E. Lee. held a position on 
the point occupied by Reese's Battery, and even while In 
subordinates, wet and mud-begrimed, having been in motion 
the entire night during a drenching rain, slept upon the wet 
ground he kept an ever-watchful eye On every movement of 
his own and that of the troops of tile enemy. Archer's Brigade 
might have tired the first gun in the battle at Gettysburg, but 
this writer is in, lined to doubt the statement that it tired i'i 

fist When Recs,'. Battery ceased firing, the bridge had been 

cut loose from the Maryland side and had swung around to 
tin Virginia side, and comparative quiet reigned. During its 
tiring it had been subjected to the tire of the enemy's skir 

mishers as well as the lire of artillery coming from a point 
not in sight. Probably Comrade Kimble means that Archer's 
Brigade was the last to lire a gun north of the Potomac. 

It is a source of satisfaction and pride lo this writer that 
in was ,i humble integer composing that grand body of men 
known as ih,- Army ,,f Northern Virginia and commanded by 

that prince of men of whom Senator Ben llill has said: 

"When the future historian conns to survey the character 'i 
Robert Edward Lee, he will find it rising like a huge moun- 
tain above the undulating plain of humanity, and must lift his 
high toward heaven to catch its summit." 

I am proud of the fact that I can saj when mj comrades 
were sorely pressed I was one of those who helped to make 
music which was to them "the sweetest music that ever fell 
upon their eat "There is glory enough for all." Let us 

he just with each other and not forget the part that our com- 
who touched elbows with us in danger took in warding 
it off. The spirit shown by Comrade Kimble' article leads 
the writer to conclude he will not object to just corrections. 

In a personal letter Comrade Purifoy adds ( iiiii". Bat 
talion was a part of Ewell's Corps, and was attached to R. E. 
Rodes's division, which aided in driving the Federals from 
I he lower valley, and after resting a few days near Williams- 
port led the advance into Pennsylvania, reaching Carlisle on 
the l _>t 1 1 of June. On the _>oth or 30th it took up its line if 
march toward Gettysburg and Cashtown, being the In -1 oi 

Ewell's troops (n reach the lield. after double-quicking for 
quite a distance, on that hot July day. It immediately rushed 
into action, as our comrades of Mill's Corps were being sorely 
pressed by overwhelming numbers Bj a peculiar coincidence 
we encountered ihe inh Federal Corps 1 Howard's), the same 
that we had surprised and routed in the early spring befori 
under our commander, Stonewall Jackson, at Chanccllorsville." 

Records of Confederate Companies. -Dr. John Cunning- 
ham, of Ravena, Tex., ha- written a most interesting 

of his old company. 1 1. 4th Texas Infantry, and the regimental 
'Ihe list gives the names of all the members of the 
company and many interesting personal reminiscences. Such 
-ketches ought to be written bj everj comrade who can do 
-o. and the generations of those veterans should preserve the 

I., eil- diligently. If two ,.r three or even n COIT 

would unite in Ibis work, they could accomplish much more 
than each working by himself 



W. H. Cely, of Greenville, S. C. makes inquiry for Robert 
Gavin, of Texas, whom he knew as a soldier in Virginia. 



78 



C^opfederat^ l/eterai}. 



HOOD'S MESSMATES AT YORKTOWN. 

BY GEN. H. T. DOUGLAS, 1 65 BROADWAY, NEW YORK. 

The articles in the December Veteran about the monument 
to Hood's Brigade erected at Austin, Tex., and the glory of 
that brigade recall recollections of the brigade and its bril- 
liant commander that I submit for publication, lest in the 
rapid depletion of our ranks they go unrecorded. 

General Hood reported to Gen. John Bankhead Magruder, 
commanding the Army of the Peninsula at Yorktown, after 
the battle of Bethel. His rank was that of Lieutenant of Cav- 
alry in the C. S. A. General Magruder gave him the pro- 
visional rank of major and placed him in command of the 
small body of cavalry in his army, consisting of the Old Do- 
minion Company, commanded by Jeff Phillips, the Charles 
City Troop, commanded by Robert Douthart, and the New 
Kent Troop, commanded by Telemachus Taylor. 

We messed in \ orktown. The members of the mess were 
George W. Randolph, afterwards Secretary of War; I. M. 
St. John, afterwards Commissary General; R. Kidder Meade, 
who died before he had risen to the high rank to which he 
would unquestionably have risen had he lived ; J. Thompson 
Brown, afterwards Colonel 1st Regiment Artillery, Army of 
Northern Virginia, killed in action ; John B. Hood, and the 
writer. It was our custom after mess to discuss all sorts 
of war matters. Some of the younger members of the mess 
were apprehensive lest the war end before they could get 
to take part in a great battle. One day General Hood, after 
listening to the discussions, stated with empliasis that in his 
opinion we need have no apprehension about not getting into 
a battle ; that the war would be long and bloody, and some 
of the youngest officers would he the most distinguished men 
in the army before it was over. He was then thirty. Surely 
he was prophetic. 

Hood was made colonel of the 4th Texas, and after that 
the Texas Brigade was organized, and, as I remember, con- 
sisted of the 1st, 4th, and 5th Texas, the 8th Georgia, and 
Manning's 3d Arkansas Regiment. After Wigfall, Hood 
was made brigade commander. Their first action as a brigade 
was at Eltham, on the retreat of General Johnston's army 
from Yorktown, where they were commanded by W. H. C. 
Whiting. They greatly distinguished themselves in this ac- 
tion, as they did on every field after that time. 

In the battle of Gaines's Mill (first Cold Harbor) the writ- 
er was attached to the light division, commanded by that 
glorious and brilliant soldier, A. P. Hill, and occupied the 
center of the Confederate line, with Jackson on the left and 
Longstreet on the right. We opened the fight. The first 
brigade put in action was commanded by Gen. Maxey Gregg, 
of South Carolina, killed at Fredericksburg. The fight was a 
very hot one, and as we moved steadily forward (eastwardly) 
we came in front of the enemy on Turkey Hill, occupied by 
Fitz-John Porter's corps of McClellan's army. The division 
immediately in front was commanded by General Reynolds, 
whom we captured, afterwards a distinguished officer in the 
Federal army- and killed at Gettysburg. 

The position occupied by the Federal troops was a very 
strong one. It was a wooded bluff commanding a field over 
which our troops had to move, and consisted of three lines 
of infantry at intervals on the face of the bluff, behind logs 
which had been placed in position, and with twenty guns on 
top of the bluff supported by infantry. Two of the best bri- 
gades of A. P. Hill's division, Pender's and Field's, had failed 



to carry the enemy's position, and were lying down under the 
terrific fire of infantry and artillery. From the enemy's po- 
sition they could not go forward ; they did not go backward. 

While resting and gathering strength for a renewed attack, 
Hood's brigade of Whiting's division appeared on the left of 
our line, Hood in command, lapping over the left of A. P. 
Hill's division. A. P. Hill and Hood, both West Pointers, ex- 
amined the enemy's line in front of them, and Hill asked Hood 
if he could carry their position. I remember well Hood's ap- 
pearance and his reply to A. P. Hill on that memorable occa- 
sion. Hood was tall (over six feet) and slim, with fair hair 
and beard and blue eyes, the embodiment of glorious manhood 
and splendid courage. 

After looking steadily for a moment at the enemy's line, he 
replied : "I don't know whether I can or not, but I will try." 
Moving along the front of his line, he ordered the men to 
drop knapsacks and blankets and told them what was expected 
of them and that he would lead them. He ordered the men 
not to fire a shot until he gave the command, and, placing him- 
self at their head, the line moved forward. The brigade had 
to pass through a field, over ground sloping slightly eastward- 
ly toward the enemy, over a ditch and a narrow meadow, and 
a second ditch at the foot of the bluff occupied by the enemy. 

This splendid body of that invincible infantry of the Army 
of Northern Virginia, led by the gallant Hood, moved for- 
ward with unwavering step while shot and shell tore through 
their ranks, dressing always to the colors as men went down, 
until the ditch near the foot of the bluff had been reached. 
Then, halting for a moment, there rang out the glorious voice 
of their commander with the order to fire. They delivered 
one volley, and then charged with the bayonet, driving the 
enemy from every position, capturing their guns, which were 
turned upon the retreating foe then massed in confusion on 
the plains of Turkey Hill on the top of the bluff. The slaugh- 
ter was fearful. The enemy's dead and wounded covered the 
ground. Lieutenant Colonel Marshall and the gallant young 
Maj. Biadfute Warwick, of the Texas brigade, and Bob 
Wheat, of Louisiana, were killed in this charge. Hood was 
splendidly seconded and supported by A. P. Hill's brigades 
in this attack, sharing in their losses, and in the glory of this 
magnificent success. The enemy was driven from every posi- 
tion and the battle of Gaines's Mill was won. Stonewall 
Jackson in riding over that part of the field on the day suc- 
ceeding the battle asked what troops had carried that posi- 
tion; and when told, said that they were "soldiers indeed." 

The history of Hood's Texas Brigade after Gaines's Iviiii 
was the history of the Army of Northern Virginia. No cor- 
rect history of that great army could be written without re- 
counting the deeds of the men of the Texas Brigade who won 
with it the fame which will never die, and no commander 
was more trusted by that great soldier, Gen. Robert E. Lee, 
than John B. Hood. 

Maimed and shattered when the war was over, with one 
arm resected and one leg left on the field of Chickamauga, 
he lived and died in New Orleans, honored and beloved by 
all who knew him. As one who knew him intimately and ad- 
mired his splendid courage and that of his gallant brigade, I 
offer this tribute to men whose conduct on every field was 
not excelled by any in the history of that war which has left 
its imprint upon the pages of history, of which the American 
people, whether they wore the gray or the blue, may be justly 
proud. 



Qoi}/ederat^ tfeterai). 



79 



Authok in- the Foregoing. 

Responding to a request by the Veteran for persona] remi 
niscences, the author gave interesting data. He is Henry T 
Douglas, of Virginia, and was a lieutenant of engineers and 
served in the early part of the war on the staff of Gen. John 
Bankhead Magruder, commanding the Army of the Peninsula, 
His comrades on the staff were Col. Andrew G. Dickinson. 
Maj. Henry Bryan, Lieut. Col. E. P. Turner, Capts. Willi< 
Alston, George A. Magruder, Henry Pendleton, Maj. Eu- 
gene Pendleton, Maj. Allen Magruder, Capt. Hugh R. Stan 
ard. Maj. Benjamin Bloomfield, and for a time Majs. (after- 
wards Brigadier Generals) Brent, John M. Jones, and Cos- 
by, Capt. I. M. St. John (afterwards Commissary General), 
and Capt. R. Kidder Meade. He was in the battle of Bethel 

In connection with the request he wrote: "After our army 
retired from the peninsula under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston 
(General Johnston's 'Narrative' refers to me as the en- 




GEN. H. T. DOUGLAS, 

gineer officer of Genera! Magrudcr's staff, relative to the loss 
of intrenching tools, etc., which General Johnston had been 
accused of losing because of undue basic in removing bis 
supplies — an unwarranted charge), I was detached from Gen 
oral Magruder's staff and assigned by Gen. Robert E. Lee t" 
the construction of defenses at Chafin's Bluff, the right flank 
Of the Army of Northern Virginia, on the north bank of thi 
lames River. 

"After completing these defenses, and after the battle oi 
Seven Pines, where General Johnston was dangerously wound- 
ed and General Lee assumed command of the Army of North 

em Virginia, I was promoted captain of engineers and as- 
signed by General Lee as chief engineer of the light division. 
the left flank of his army, commanded by Maj, Gen. Ami 

P. Hill. 1 served with General Hill during the Seven Days' 

Battle around Richmond. On General Hill's recommendation 
1 was promoted major of engineers. 



"When General Lee's arm} moved from east of anil below 
Richmond, resulting in bis campaign against Pope, a board 
of engineer officers was appointed by order of General Lee to 
prepare a plan for the defense of Richmond. The board, ap- 
pointed by the Confederate Secretary 'if War, consisted of Col. 
William Proctor Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Collins, and Maj. 
II I. Douglas, Corps of Engineers. The plan was prepared, 
and after it had received the approval of General Lee 1 was 
designated to construct the defenses. 1 was engaged on this 
work about one year, constructing what was known as the 
intermediate line.' which was occupied by our troops when 

1 al Grant commanded the Army of the Potomac. This 

line mirth of the James River extended from Chafin's Bluff 
northwestwardly around Richmond to the James River, resting 
• hi the north bank of the river on the property of Col. Joseph 
Carrington, above Richmond. It also extended smith of the 
Inns River, from Drury's Bluff northwestwardly to the line 
nf the Richmond and Danville Railroad. 

"While engaged on this defensive line I was promoted lieu- 
tenant colonel of engineers and assigned to the Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department with Gen, E. Kirby Smith, and was chief 
engineer of that department on General Smith's staff until the 
war closed. I was promoted colonel of engineers by order 
issued by General Smith after the Arkansas campaign against 
Steel, ending in the battle of Saline Ferry. I was paroled at 
Galveston, rex., bj tun (1111111111 Granger. I'. S. A This 
ended my career in the C. S. A 

"My comrades on Gen. Kirby Smith's staff were Brig, Gen. 
William R. Boggs, Col. Sam Anderson, Col. Thomas G Rhett, 
Lieut. Gul Wright Schaumburg, Lieut. Col. Edward Cunning- 
ham. Maj. Paul B. Leeds, Maj. William A Freret, Capt. 
John G. Meem, Captain Kirby, Maj. N. S. Hill, and others. 
Capt. Hugh T. Douglas was one of my assistants while 
serving with Gen. A. P. Hill 1 served on the staff of Gen. 
Gustavus W. Smith when he commanded the Department of 
Virginia and North Carolina and while engaged in con- 
structing the defense of Richmond. 

"When the Spanish-American War began I was appointed 
by President McKinley a brigadier general of volunteers, 
IS \. and assigned to the 7th Army Corps, commanded 
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee. I reported to General Lee at Jack- 
sonville, Fla., and was assigned to the command of a brigade 
in the 2d division, commanded by Gen. Abram K. Arnold. 
We moved t" Savannah, and from Savannah to Cuba, where 
we established Camp Columbia, below Havana, and where 
mained, performing various duties until finally ordered 

home and disbanded. My brigade in Cuba consisted 'if the 
4th Illinois (Colonel Swift), oth Illinois (Colonel lamp- 
lull), zd South Carolina (Colonel Jones'). While in Cuba 
rved in the division commanded by Maj. Gen. Keifer." 

Genera! Douglas is a member of the Association of the 

Army of Northern Virginia, of the Isaac R. Trimble I 
Baltimore, and the Confederate Veteran Camp of New York 



'. I McCauley writes from Vinson, Okla. : "I wish 1 
rect a mistake appearing in the December Veteran which 
■ i that I belonged to the 3d Regiment Missouri Cavalry, 
It was Dr. A. C. Bennett who served in thai command, while 

I was a member of Company 11. 4.4th Mississippi Infantry, 
Brigade, \rniy of Tennessee. Dr. Bennett and 1 
wrote t" the VETERAN and sent in the same envelope, and our 
correspondence got mixed I was captured at Nash\ 

uhrr 10, 1864, anil kept in Camp Douglas IV 



So 



^oofederat^ l/eterar? 



Y i g v- -i g g vj n n vx k- J i-j r j v-j i-j r j nnr-in 



THE • L&iST • ROLL- 



»iAWi«i4M*krAi4M*i*i*i;«rA;i*r4M«MM*MA;i*t.* 



"Yes, it is well ! The evening shadows lengthen ; 

Home's golden gates show on our ravished sight ; 
And though the tender ties we strove to strengthen 
Break one by one, at evening time 'tis light." 

Deceased Members of Robert McLain Camp, 1469, U. C. V. 

[List furnished by Adjt. J. F. May, of Quitman, Miss.] 
P. P. Culpepper. C, 40th Alabama Infantry; W. E. Britton. 
I, 36th Alabama: W. O. Boncy, B, 2d Kentucky Cavalry; T. 
J. Davis, K, 30th Virginia Infantry; A. A. Zachary, Roswell's 
Georgia Battery; Maj. S. H. Terrall, 37th Regiment; Reuben 
Taylor, K, 21st Alabama; R. J. Fletcher, Orr's South Caro- 
lina Rifles. The others belonged to Mississippi commands. 

T. C. James, D, 14th; M. J. Snowden, B, 37th; J. C. Har- 
grove, A, 14th; Wesley Mayo, F, 37th; J. D. Stroud, G, 13th; 
G. B. McNeill, E, 37th; James Williams, E, 7th Battalion; 
Capt. C. C. Ferrill, B, 37th; R. C. Rogers, E, 8th; H. G. 
Priester, B, 8th; J. C. Watts, State Troops; Daniel Shotts, G. 
13th; Nathan Herring, E, 37th; Ben W. Davis, C, 37th; W. 
W. McLeod, A, 14th ; G. W. McRea, F, 37th ; Steve Pool, E, 
37th; W. T. King. D, 14th; James McGee, D, 37th; J. W. 
White, B, 37th; G. W. Ivey, D, 8th; J. S. Thompson, D, 14th; 
Joe Ivey, B, 37th ; S. H. Robinson, D, 8th. 

Deaths in Camp James Adams, Austin, Ark. 
Names of those who have died while members of Camp 
James Adams, No. 1036, since its organization, June 10, 1897, 
given by T. J. Young, Adjutant. [The dates of death of sev- 
eral are not given in the list. — Ed.] 

D. H. Jackson, 37th Ark. Inft. 

F. M. Sims, Co. A, 5th Ark. Inft., Feb. 25, 1908. 
B. F. Grammer, Co. B, 36th Ark. Inft. 

W. J. Lawrence, Co. B, 2d N. C. Reserves, Nov. 11, 1909. 

B. C. Powell. Co. F, 15th Term. Cav., March 19, 1898. 
R. F. Thurman, Co. B, 10th Ark. Inft., June 25, 1905. 
J. M. Gateley, Co. A, 47th Ark. Cav., Sept. 2, 1908. 
Grandison Apple, Co. I, 25th Ark. Inft., March 22, 1907. 
M. G. Apple, Co. K, 36th Ark. Inft., iqio. 

Capt. D. W. Bizzell, Co. I, 3d Ark. Cav. 

G. W. Bland, Co. B, 4th Ark. Inft. 

J. R. Reed, Co. A, 10th Ark. Cav., Jan. 28, 1909. 

W. J. Hall, Co. F. 14th Tenn. Cav. 

S. P. Ballard, Co. I, 27th Tenn. Inft., August 31, 1900. 

W. H. Harris, Co. B, S. C. Reserve Infantry. 

W. J. Moyer, Co. B, 7th Ark. Inft. 

G. W. Harkins, Co. A, 47th Ark. Cav. 

W. A. B.eaver, Co. B, 4th N. C. Inft. 

Joseph Ringold, Co. D, 2d Tenn. Inft.. Sept., 1899. 

W. H. Carpenter, Co. E, Forrest's Rcgt. Tenn. Cav. 

G. W. Warren, Co. I, 5th Ark. Inft. 

C. C. Green, Co. C, 36th Ark. Inft., Dec. 30, 1906. 
J. V. Choat, 17th S. C. Inft. 

E. N. Davis, Co. K, 36th Ark. Inft., December, 1902. 
A. N. R. Tygart, Co. F, 47th Ark. Cav. 

Edwin Padgett, Co. D, 55th N. C. Inft., Nov. 16, 1907. 
W. W. Brown, Co. A, 2d La. Inft.. May 17, 1901. 



John L. Haney, Co. B, 4th Ark. Inft. 

C. T. Perry, Co. K. 471I1 Ark. Inft., 1904. 
P. C. Pearson, Co. I, 6th Ala. Inft. 

D. W. Lemay, Co. A, 17th Ark. Inft., July 22, 1907. 
G. W. Ringold, Co. H, 7th Tenn. Inft., July 23, 1905. 
T. L. Boyd, Co. H, 16th Miss. Inft., Jan. 1, 1899. 

E. W. South, Co. E, 12th Ala. Inft. 

J. A. Everett, Cobbell's Brigade, Sept. 2, 1908. 
Capt. W. F. Gibson, Co. I, 8th Ark. Inft., May 25, 1907. 
D. B. Locklar, 3d Ala. Inft. 
D. J. Perry, 46th Tenn. Inft., Nov. 4. 1906. 
Capt. J. G. Adams. Company I, 25th Arkansas Infantry, for 
whom this Camp was named, died January 2, 1903. 




WILLIAM P. LAREW. 

William Perrine Larew answered the last roll call October 
6, 1910. The Confederate Veteran was a regular and wel- 
come visitor in his home, and the only request his family re- 
member him to have made was that his name should appear in 
the "Last Roll." The Veteran is grateful in compliance. 

Mr. Larew was born in Mason County, Ky., July 28, 1843, 
and enlisted in the Confederate service at Maysville, Ky., 
September 9, 1863. He was with the command of Gen. John 
H. Morgan, and belonged to the 3d Kentucky (or Gano's) 
Regiment, later the 7th Kentucky, and he belonged to Com- 
pany F, under Capt. N. A. Umber. He was first corporal and 
afterwards made sergeant, and was constantly on the firing 
line and in active service. He surrendered at Jacksonville, 
Ala., May 19, 1865. 

Mr. Larew resided in Maysville until 1885, when he moved 
to St. Louis and engaged in the practice of law as long as 
his health would admit. He married Miss Lide S. Shackelford, 
of Mays Lick, Ky., and is survived by his wife and four chil- 
dren. A Southerner born and bred, he deservedly wore "that 
grand old name of gentleman." Only those who were fortu- 



Qoi)federat^ l/eterai). 



81 



nate enough to get in close touch with him knew "that best 
portion of a good man's life — his little nameless, unremem- 
bered acts of kindness and of love." He never turned his 
back, but marched breast forward. 



Col. Thomas B. Roy. 

Thomas Benton Roy died in Berlin. Germany, on Novem- 
ber 20, 1910. aged seventy-two years. He was a native of 
Warren County. Va. In April, 1861, he enlisted in the War- 
ren Rifles, which was afterwards Company B, 17th Virginia 
Infantry. At Manassas he was detailed as clerk in General 
Beauregard's office, and with that officer was transferred to 
the Western Army in February, 1862. At Shiloh he rode with 
the staff, though having no commission. Soon after General 
Hardee applied to Beauregard for a trained adjutant general, 
and young Roy was recommended and commissioned captain 
as assistant adjutant general and assigned to General Har- 
dee's staff. His superior ability was immediately recognized, 
and he was speedily promoted to major and chief of staff. 
Later he was advanced to lieutenant colonel and then to colonel 
Upon General Hood's accession to the command of the army 
Colonel Roy was offered the position of chief of General 
Hood's staff with the rank of brigadier general, but Colonel 
Roy preferred to remain with General Hardee. Upon one 
occasion he was bearer of important dispatches to the War 
Department. Arriving in Richmond, he was given an au- 
dience with the Chief Executive of the Confederacy, who 
naturally inquired concerning affairs of the Western Army. 
Colonel Roy's clear and succinct portrajal and intelligent 
understanding of the situation so impressed the Confederate 
President as to receive his commendation. 

From a letter of Maj. George A. Williams, of New Orleans, 
the following is copied: "After the war he went to Selma, 
Ala., where, while editing the Selma Messenger, he qualified 
for the bar. He then married Sallie, the second daughu r of 
General Hardee. He became junior partner in the law firm 
of Brooks, Haralson & Roy, and at once took high rank and 
became one of the leading lawyers of his State. The late 
Senator John T. Morgan said: 'I consider him the bright) 1 
of the young men at the Alabama bar.' His professional 
career was cut short on the threshold. A failure in the seiw 
of hearing obliged him to forego his cherished ambition and 
condemned him to a life of inactivity. For the purpose of 
educating an adopted daughter, they removed to France and 
then to Germany, whence they never returned to America. 
Hi re was a man whose life was a beautiful outumwth of our 
best traditions, a development of the cherished ideals of our 
fathers. He was a fluent writer, a brilliant conversationalist, 
and all his expressions were flavored with a chaste, even clas- 
sic, humor. He was of judicial temperament, of charming 
pi rsonality, altogether an admirable, lovable man, of whom 
his family and people may well be proud." 

Irving A. Buck, of Front Royal, Va., writes: "No braver or 
mori accomplished soldier ever followed the Confederate or 
any other Hag, and in his death has passed one of Warren 
County's most distinguished sons." 



Dr. Luman S. Hanoli y. 

Rev. Luman S. Handley, D.D., pastor of the Central P 

byterian Church, Birmingham, Ma., died suddenlj oi cardiac 

paralysis on November 2(1. mm, at In- home, in that city, 

aged seventy year-. Dr. Handley had been a pastor in : 
mingham thirty-six years, having served the Firs! < 
from 1876 to 1800 and the Central Church from 1890 to the 
time of his death. He had seen Presbyterianism in Birming- 



ham grow from one Church in 1874 to eight Churches in 
1910. He was born in Dallas County, Ala., September 29, 
1840, graduated from the University of Mississippi in i860, 
and from Columbia Theological Seminary in 1872. He was 
ordained by the Presbytery of Tuscaloosa in 1873, and was 
called to Birmingham in 1874. He served three and a half 
years as a private soldier in the 36th Alabama Regiment. 

Last June the Central Church celebrated the thirty-sixth 
year of Dr. Handley 's service in Birmingham, in which all 
denominations joined, showing the love and esteem in which 
he was held. Only a few hours before his death he baptized 
three infants. Truly "a great man is fallen in Israel." He 
had an injured hand from the battle of Chickamauga. 

[Sketch by Rev. C. M. Hutton, of Fort Worth, Tex.] 



Capt. C. C. Catron. 
Comrade C. C. Catron, of Carthage, Mo., died at his home 
on Christmas day of 1910. He was a native of Lexington, 
Mo. On November 6, i860, he and Miss Anna Shroyer— 
born the same day at Santa Fe Junction, June 3°, 1837— 
were married. They celebrated their golden wedding anni- 
versary on November 
6, 1910. Besides his 
wife, he is survived 
by three daughters. 
two brothers, and a 
sister. 

He enlisted with 
the Missouri State 
Guards, and served 
with them until the 
battle of Springfield, 
when he entered the 
regular Confederate 
service, and served 
under Joe Shelby. 
He distinguished him- 
self on a number of 
occasions, and was 
twice wounded dur- 
ing the war. When 
it came to an end, in 
1865, Mr. Catron was 
1 mi. c. e. catron. acting commissary of 

Shelby's Division with the rank of captain. Mr. Catron was 
with Marmaduke in 1863, when Missouri was entered and 
fighting occurred, and again with Shelby and Price in 18(15, 
just before the close of the struggle. 

Captain Catron had three brothers and a brother-in-law 
in the same company with him throughout the war. and all 
came through safely. Since 1895 he was Commander of the 
United Confederate Veterans Camp of Carthage, and gave 
time and money to the State Confederate Home and other 
similar institutions. He was for a time Adjutant General of 
the State organization. 

I bi funeral services for Mr. Catron were conducted by Rev. 
W. C. 11 ill. pastor of the M. E, Church, South, of which 
lie was a leading member for many years. 




M. A. Trimble. 
M. A. Trimble, of Fayetteville, W. Va., died suddenly on 
November -7. 1910, of heart failure. He was born at Deep- 
water, W, \ . seventy-two years ago, and had practically 
spent his life in that community, removing to Fayetteville a 



82 



Qotyfederat^ Ueterai). 



few years ago and engaging in business as one of the firm of 
Dickinson & Trimble. He served the Confederacy faithfully 
during the war, and since had been one of the best citizens of 
the State, scrupulously honest and obliging. He was a stead- 
fast Church member and loyal in his political beliefs. His 
wife survives him. 

Judge W. H. Lessinc. 

Judge W. H. Lessing, one of the most active of the Con- 
federate veterans of Waco, Tex., died at Terrell, Tex., in 
February, 1910, at the age of sixty-six years. He had been ill 
for some time. The interment was at Waco. His wife, four 
sons, and a daughter survive him. 

Judge Lessing went to Texas as a small boy, and for a long 
while had lived at Waco, where he had made many friends. 
He enlisted for the Confederacy at Austin during May, 1861, 
in Company B, 4th Texas Infantry, Hood's Brigade, and served 
valiantly until the surrender. He was terribly wounded in the 
battle of Sharpsburg, a bullet passing through his lungs ; but 
he went back to his post as soon as he had recovered from his 
injuries. 

Last Roll Call of Camp Lomax for 1910. 

The following is the roll of l"..e dead comrades of Camp 
Lomax, Montgomery, Ala., for the year 1910. Appropriate 
services were observed by the Camp at the December meeting : 

Thomas Martin, Co. I, 14th Ala. Regt, February 27. 

H. L. Gholson, Co. G, 6th Ala. Regt., April 6. 

F. M. Folds, Macon Light Artillery, April 6. 

Rev. N. M. Woods, Payne's Tennessee Cavalry, April 15. 

S. H. Beasley, Co. D, 3rd Ala. Regt., April 15. 

Thomas J. Graves, Co. F, 63rd Ala. Regt., June 10. 

J. H. Truett, Co. C, 45th Ala. Regt., June 18. 

L. A. Shaver, Sergt. Maj. 60th Ala. Regt., July — . 

W. C. Oates, Col. 15th Ala. Regt., member of Congress and 
Governor of Alabama, September 9. 

R. P. Grigg, Co. F, 60th Ala. Regt., September 19. 

W. F. Ledyard, Co. A, 7th Ala. Cav., September 21. 

Thomas C. Garrett, Lieut. Col. Navy, December 16. 

These were highly esteemed comrades. 

[Report by Rev. George E. Brewer, Chaplain Camp Lomax.] 

Dr. S. C. Gholson. 

Dr. S. C. Gholson was born in Virginia in 1828; and died 
of paralysis in Holly Springs, Miss., in January, 1910, leaving 
a name honored and beloved by the community in which he 
had lived and labored through so many years. 

After exceptionally fine educational advantages, he received 
in 1851 his medical degree at Hampden-Sidney College, Va. 
Beginning in 1852, he continued for two years his studies in 
Paris, France. He then opened an office in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
but in 1855 he came to Holly Springs, Miss., where he was 
married to Miss Mary Caruthers and located in the town. 
He soon rose to a leading place in his profession, winning by 
his urbane manner, combined with superior skill, the esteem 
and good will of all who met him. 

In 1861, at the first call for volunteers, Dr. Gholson joined 
the Home Guards, and on reaching Pensacola, Fla., was made 
surgeon of the 9th Mississippi Regiment. A year later he 
had charge of military hospitals in Holly Springs. When 
these were removed, in response to a petition of citizens he 
was detailed to remain in Holly Springs, with meager re- 
muneration, caring for the families of absent soldiers, there 
being no other physician in this town wdiere only women, 
children, and helpless old men were left 



Retiring from active practice as old age approached, so un- 
erring was his judgment that he was called into consultation 
in almost every critical case. The going of a man so good, so 
superior in all desirable endowments of mind and heart and 
action deserves more than a passing notice. His friends are 
found in different States, and all unite in holding his memory 
in veneration. 

[From Mrs. Rosa B. Taylor, Holly Springs, Miss., who re- 
grets delay of notice and states that "in every sense of the 
word he was a rare man."] 




CAPT. JAMES HOUSTON JOHNSTON. 

Captain Johnston was born in Savannah, Ga., November 
14, 1831; and died there December 8, 1910. At the time of his 
death he was the oldest surviving member of the Georgia 
Hussars, having been for fifty-seven years on the rolls of that 
command. At the outbreak of the Civil War he attached him- 
self to the Chatham Artillery, with which company he ac- 
tively served until transferred to the signal corps. Through- 
out a long life he was a faithful Confederate. 

Well might the Savannah Morning News of December 9 
say of him: "In the death of Capt. James H. Johnston Savan- 
nah loses one more old landmark. Few citizens of Savannah 
have been more intimately and prominently bound up with the 
social and business life of the city than he was. For two 
generations he was a familiar and honored member of all 
that was best in the various institutions of his home city, and 
for nearly fourscore years he was respected and loved. Cap- 
tain Johnston was a gentleman of the South of the old school. 
This is a trite expression, but it means a good deal when it 
can be said truthfully and without reserve: 'No man need ask 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterai). 



83 



for higher praise.' Sorrow caused by the passing away of 
such a man is tempered by the priceless legacy of a well 
life and an honored name." 

When Captain Johnston's death was announced, the flags 
of the City Hall, the Cotton Exchange, the Hussars Armory, 
the Chatham Artillery, and the Confederate Veterans' Hall 
were placed at half mast. 

Catt. W. S. Eskridgi 
Capt. William Scott Eskridge died at his home, near Charles- 
ton, Miss., on November 19, 1910. lie had been a citi en oi 
that community for more than fifty years. As a lawyer he 
took high rank, was a close student, and took great interesl 
in the affairs of his State, having represented his county in the 
1 egi lature and had been a member of the State Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1890. lie raised i\\>> companies for the 
Confederate service, and was ever loyal to the principles for 
which be fought He was a strict Church member. 





■MH 


I' 1 ' 




,<**v'B 






1 "AflE^HI 



NAPOLEON 1'. l'.OWVHR. 

X. P. Bowyer, a native of Fayette County, Ya. (now West 
Virginia), died in Lakeland, Fla., just before Christmas. Ue 
was born in August, 1832, and when eighteen years of age be 
crossed the plains to California. The four months' journey at 
that period was very much like soldiering in the war. lie did 
not remain West a great while, but returned to his native 
county, and was soon elected sheriff, After serving out the 

term, he went West again, stopping in Texas, but returned to 
Virginia and promptly enlisted as a private in the 5th Vir 
ginia Cavalry. After a few months he was commissioned as 
be ui' n.int for valiant service. In 1862 his company was dis- 

d and he then enlisted in the Jackson (N. C.) Rangers, 
being made second lieutenant of the company, which be- 
came C. of the 10th Virginia Regiment He was soon pro- 

: io first lieutenant He was in a hospital in Winchi tei 

after being wounded, and later, in 186*4, his horse fell with him. 
and he suffi red the fracture of a shoulder. Back in the serv- 
ice again, he had the good fortune "to bring in" forty-two 
prisoners single-handed. On the morning of April o 
he had in charge the remnant of the roth Virginia Cavalry. 



His men were still skirmishing when a courier notified them 
that the army had surrendered. 

After the war Comrade Bowyer went again to Texas, where 
he remained until [886, when he removed to Lakeland. Fla., 
where he became a prominent citizen, serving several terms 
as Mayor, lie is survived by three sons and a daughter. I Ik 
wife died some years before. 

Deaths in the Prairie Grove (Ark.) Camp. 

The Prairie Grove (Ark.) Camp, No. 384, lost the following 
members during 1910 : 

S. R. Crawford died on April S at the age of seventy-four 
years. He was born in Washington County, Ark., and served 
in Gen. Stand Watie's Cherokee Brigade. He was an hon- 
ored member of Camp No. 384. 

LaFayettc Brewster was born in Sevier County, Tenn.. in 
1838; and died November 4. He enlisted in Company B, 34th 
Arkansas Regiment, in July, 1S62, and served continuously in 
the same company and regiment until the final surrender, lie 
was a good soldier and a Christian. His wife and nine chil- 
dren arc left to mourn his passing. The funeral was con- 
ducted by the Crimp. 

J. II. Marlar was a native of Tennessee, but when a small 
child his father moved to Arkansas and settled in Crawford 
County, where Comrade Marlar grew to manhood. He en- 
listed in the Confederate army in 1861, and served faithfully. 
surrendering with twenty-two of his regiment in June, 1865. 
His death occurred on June 28. Surviving are his wife and 
three children. He was a charter member of Camp No. 384. 



Hi 1 iased Members of Robinson Springs Camp, 1' C V., 
No. 396, C.kami View, Ala. 

[These have died since the organization, in 1893.] 

Hall. Dr. Thomas IX, 56th Ala. Cav., Dee. 27, [894 

Yarbrough, L. J., 58th Ala Cav., Aug. 28, 1895. 

Jackson, C, M., General Gardner's staff, Aug. 11. 1897 

Smith, D. L., 40th Ala. Inft, Aug. 21, [897. 

Bibb. Peyton D., 30th Ala. Cav., Oct. 10, 1897. 

Rowlin, Joseph T., 8th Ala. Cav., March 8, 1898. 

1 !i 'I'll, Calvin, October 2, [898. 

Zeigler, William, 3d Ala. Cav., Feb. 9, 1898. 

Mitchell, I hreet, January 1, 1900. 

Myrick, Joseph B., 24th Ala, Inft., Jan. 20, 1900. 

1. aves, Thomas W., 53d Ala. Cav., July 6, 1900. 

Dismukes, William II., 45th Ala. Inft., April 11, 1902. 

Maull, J. Fox, Jeff Davis Art., Sept 22, 1002. 

Hughes, William S.. C. S, Navy, March 6, 1903. 

Rogers, Jonathan K. 58th \l.i Inft. Sept. 24, 1003. 

Harris, William F... Carter's Va. Bat., Pec. 6, 1903. 

Rives, John, 56th Ala Cav., Dec. 13, 1903. 

Faulk, W. R„ April 2, 1904. 

Hughe-., William, Mechanical Dept, July 15, 

Stead, T. A., August 10, 1905 

Robinson, Dr. Dudley, 3d Ala. Inft. Jan. 

Brown, George W., Semple's Ala. Bat.. Sept. 10. 1906. 

Henderson, J. W.. 56th Ala. Cav., Dec, 4. 1906. 

Moore, David J., 7th Ala. Cav., Oct. 31. 1907. 

Spiers, A. W., November 5, 1907. 

Avercheat, E. L. 1 -t Ala. Inft.. Pec. 20. 1907. 

ROSS, John A , 24th Ala Inft . April 7, 

Joins. John !■'... 45th Ala. Inft., July 7. 1909. 

Zeigler, W. H., 21st Ala.' Inft., May 12. 1909. 

Stamp. Janie- \\ . 3d Ala. Inft.. Dec 10, 1910. 

; \\ '. 1). Whetstone writes while sending the a 
"We have already raised $350 for a memorial to the m 
of the men who were in the war to members of this Camp." 



1904. 



loon 



8 4 



QoQfederat^ Veterar?. 



FIRST FIGHT OF GUNBOATS WITH CAVALRY. 

[Data from Regimental History of North Carolina.] 

Col. W. H. Cheek, commander of the 9th North Carolina 
(the first cavalry), supplements General Barringer's sketch of 
the regiment, and, "first in order," he reports the attack of 
Company B upon gunboats on Roanoke River in the spring 
of 1862. The preservation of the railroad bridge at Weldon 
was of great importance, as it was the main link for supplies 
to the Army of Northern Virginia ; so when the regiment was 
returning from Eastern North Carolina, Company B was de- 
tached for picket duty down the Roanoke, and especially to 
watch the approach of gunboats. Captain Whitaker, who 
owned a large plantation about thirty miles up the river, had 
gone to look after some important business, and Lieut. A. B. 
Andrews (now Colonel Andrews, First Vice President of the 
Southern Railway) very skillfully attacked three gunboats 
from the bluffs and other favorable points along the river, and 
so punished them that they abandoned the expedition at Hamp- 
ton and returned to Plymouth. This attacking of gunboats by 
cavalry was "the first of the kind that happened in our army." 

Lieutenant Andrews reported as follows to Colonel Cheek : 

"On the morning of July 9, 1862, a courier from Mr. Bur- 
roughs came to my camp soon after sunrise with a note stat- 
ing that three gunboats had passed Jamesville, supposed to 
be on their way to Weldon to destroy the Seaboard and 
Roanoke Railroad bridge at that point, that bridge being on 
the main thoroughfare between General Lee's army and the 
South. [That was before the Piedmont road between Dan- 
ville and Greensboro was built.] On reading the note I 
at once sounded 'boots and saddles,' and had my company of 
forty-three men mounted, rode down the river, saw the boats 
coming up, and waited until they had passed the wharf at 
Williamstown going up toward Weldon. There was great 
excitement in the town. I asked some of the citizens to pilot 
me up the river, with a view of attacking the gunboats from 
different points along the river, leaving two couriers at Wil- 
liamston to report to me in case the boats should turn back 
and land at Williamston. 

"Mr. S. W. Watts and a Mr. Williams went up the river 
with me. At Poplar Point, about ten miles from Williamston, 
[ stationed Second Lieut. J. W. Peel with ten men dismounted, 
instructing him to fire upon the first boat, which was com- 
manded by Lieutenant Flusser, of the United States navy, 
and as soon as he delivered his volley to at once remount his 
horses and report to me at Rainbow Banks, two miles below 
or east of Hamilton. Rainbow Banks was a bluff, afterwards 
fortified and called Fort Branch. I dismounted the men I 
had and arranged them along this bluff, taking position to the 
right of the company myself, and ordered the men not to fire 
until I had commenced firing my pistol, and then to fire as 
rapidly as possible. I waited until the front boat had gotten 
opposite me, and then commenced firing my pistol, and the 
forty-one men began firing, reloading, and firing again as 
rapidly as possible. Lieutenant Flusser was on deck, and I 
have never seen a man display more bravery than he did in 
command of this fleet. Finally the front boat passed up and 
opened its stern gun upon us, so that I was compelled to fall 
back, and then went to another point higher up the river. 

"The men had had no breakfast, and it was nearly one 
o'clock in the day. I went to a farmhouse near by and pro- 
cured what provisions they had, giving the men something to 
eat, and then proceeded to Hamilton. On the outskirts of the 
town I was met by a good many citizens who were very much 
excited and begged me not to go into the town and asking me 



to go around it, as Lieutenant Flusser had landed one hundred 
and twenty-five marines and two pieces of artillery, and they 
were satisfied that if I made an attack on them in the town 
of Hamilton they would destroy it. 

"I waited until they started down the river again, and then 
undertook to harass them again at Rainbow Banks ; but they 
placed a boat in position and shelled the banks until the other 
two had passed, which in turn commenced shelling the banks, 
so as to enable the first boat to pass. I attempted at other 
places to fire upon them ; but they shelled the banks of the 
river all the way down, and it was impossible for us to get 
another opportunity to attack them. I followed them until 
about nine o'clock several miles below Williamston, then re- 
turned to Williamston. 

"I did not have a man hurt and lost no property, except one 
relay horse which I had left in a stable at Hamilton and 
which they took. Lieutenant Peel and all the men displayed 
great coolness and bravery." 

The Fayetteville Observer gave an extended account of the 
fight at Jack's Shop on September 22, 1863, in which the state- 
ment appears : "It was here, while cheering on his men, that 
the gallant Captain Andrews fell, shot through the lungs. 




COL. A. B. ANDREWS. 

No braver or better man has fallen during this war. He was 
universally beloved by all. His wound, which was at first 
thought mortal, now gives hopes of his recovery." 

Colonel Cheek in his account of the fight, after naming the 
circumstances under which Captain Andrews was shot, con- 
cludes : "The Old Guard of Napoleon never on any field of 
battle more illustrated the effect of discipline and the power 
of cool courage than did the 1st North Carolina Cavalry in 
this engagement near Jack's Shop." 

In an additional sketch of the 63d North Carolina, the 5th 
Cavalry, Paul B. Means, of Company F, states: "Fighting 
gunboats with cavalry took place several times in our war. 
The first instance was the attack by Lieutenant Andrews, of 
the 1st North Carolina Cavalry. Lieut. Thomas Ruffin cap- 
tured a gunboat on the Cheraw with a part of his company 



^OQfederat^ l/eterai}. 



85 



of the 55th Nortli Carolina. Gen. Fitzhugh Lcc fought gun- 
boats with his cavalry at Kinnon's Landing, on the James, 
May 25, 1864, and Gen. N. I!. Forrest did the same thing re- 
peatedly — in fact, captured and disabled several boats." 

Gallant Col. A. B. Andrews. 

Col. Alexander Boyd Andrews, son of William J. Andrews, 
was born in Franklin County. N. C, July 23, 1841. He en- 
listed in the 1st North Carolina Cavalry as second lieutenant 
of Company B in June, 1861. lie still carries lead from a 
wound in the battle of Jack's Shop in September, [863. lie 
was married in September, 1869, to Miss Juha M . daughter of 
Col. William Johnston, of Charlotte. 

Colonel Andrews enlisted early in the railroad business, and 
before his marriage he was Superintendent of the Raleigh and 
Gaston Railroad Company from 1S67 to 1875. Next he was 
Superintendent of the North Carolina until 1S88, then he was 
a Vice President of the Richmond and Danville Company until 
1894. when he was called to the second vice presidency of the 
Southern Railway. A year later he was made First Vice 
President, a position that he still holds. Upon the unhappy- 
death of Samuel Spencer his promotion to the head of the 
great system was tendered him. hut he declined, being unwill- 
ing to undertake the increased responsibility. 

Colonel Andrews is as easily approached as was Gen. Frank 
Cheatham in war times; and as he had been so long a loyal 
patron of the Veteran, he was asked recently, through a com- 
rade's solicitude, in regard to his affairs, and he said he had 
five children, and in grateful manner remarked that he had 
provided liberally for them. Then, taking from Ins pocket two 
much worn silver dollars, he said: "These were given to me 
at the close of the war, and I have kept them, resolved that 
if the worst should come I could get one g >o 1 meal." He is 
a Director in the Southern Railway 1 on pat , Vici President 
of the th. Citizens' National Bank at Raleigh, and president of 
various railway companies owned by the Southern, Director 
of the Sloss Sheffield Steel Company, Vice President of the 
National World's Fair Commission and a member of the 
Committee On Awards, and a Trustee of the Universitj of 
North Carolina. The work in which Colonel .Andrews has 
doubtless taken greatest personal interest is that of the North 
Carolina Soldiers' Home since its organization, in 1891. 



SEVERE EXPERIENCES AT GETTYSBURG. 

BY WILLIAM PAUL, WILDWOOD, FLA. 

The 48th Georgia Regiment was in line of battle, fronting 
Gettysburg, and we wen- ordered forward. The first line of 
Federals was behind breastworks made of rails, from which 
we soon drove them under a heavy fire to that noted rock 
fence. By the time we reached th' rock fence all the officers 
in Company I, "Wilson's Tigers." had been killed or wounded. 
We had seventy-three men when the fight began, and only 
,m d without a bullet piercing their bodies. I 
was a corporal, and led the COmpan) to within twenty yards 
of the rock fence, when I was shot down, and the few re- 
maining fell back. 

I remained on the battlefield fourteen days, unable to move 
or help myself, lying between two corn rows sun and with 
my own blood, until I was sunburned from head to foot, my 
clothes having been torn off, and two of the wounds had he 

come fly-blown. After tins w< weir removed from the battle- 
field to Baltimore, and there lay on a street for several hours. 

Some pitied and others reviled us. The most charitable act 

done for me was b) a line-looking lady, dressed in black, who 

me a line comb, and I was nol long in making my bead 



more comfortable. If that lady is alive. 1 would like to send 
her a nice Florida present. 

I was finally moved to Chester Hospital, where I had to 
plead with the doctors to prevent amputation of my leg. It 
had so decayed that the bone and leaders were visible. After 
a long spell of typhoid fever, I was moved to Point Lookout 
Prison, where I was detained for about seventeen months be- 
fon living exchanged. Then a thirty days' furlough was given 
me. After leaving Richmond, it took the thirty days to reach 
home, as I was going around Sherman's army to Augusta. Ga. 

I am now old, seventy-seven years of age, living at Wild- 

B 1. I -'la . and have a warm place in my heart for all the 

old boys who wore the gray. 



PRODIGIOUS RAILROAD WORK AT LYNCHBURG. 

The gigantic task of building a low-grade double track line 
through the rugged hill country on which the city of Lynch- 
burg, Va.. rests and across the ravines which surround it has 
pit been completed by the Southern Railway Company. 

Ihe extent of this improvement will be realized when it 
is understood that there has been an entire change of line for 
seven miles from Winesap, north of the city, to Durmid, on 
the south, the most important construction features being the 
following: A tunnel 1,300 feet long under Rivermont, a 
suburb of Lynchburg; a tunnel 120 feet long under Park 
Avenue; a steel bridge 1,860 feet long and 150 feet high over 
the James River; steel viaducts 600 feet long and 115 feet 
high over Harris Creek, 1,000 feet long and 135 feet high 
over Blackwater Creek, and 500 feet long and eighty feet high 
over Fishing Creek ; a concrete viaduct 700 feet long, carrying 
Fifth Street over the railroad yards in West Lynchburg; a 
concrete viaduct 150 feet long, carrying the Lynchburg watei 
supply; a steel viaduct 150 feet long, carrying spur track 
of the Norfolk and Western Railroad; and a concrete bridge 
eighty feet long, carrying Twelfth Street. This great work 
has been under way four and a half years. 

The old line now in use crosses the James River at die 
foot of the hills and passes through a very restricted section 
on the east side of the city. The bridge over the James is at 
a very low level. By the use of the new line, which runs 
through the western part of the city on a much higher plane 
than the heavy grades north and south of Lynchburg, which 
are now- such an obstacle to through traffic, trains will pass 
through the city on a grade forty feet per mile or less. 

All the through passenger trains of the Southern will be 
run over the new line, and all through freight will also go 
over it. The local freight terminals now in use will be 
maintained, and local passenger trains will use the old line 
an,] stop at the present passenger station, this being in ac- 
cordance with the wishes of the people of Lynchburg. 




iSIONARS RIDGE. 



86 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



MILTON H. SMITH. 

A Man of Deeds, Not Words — Retrospect of Railroad 
Achievements. 

Milton Hannibal Smith, a pretty big name for a baby, since 
his parents gave him that name when he was born in Chau- 
tauqua County, N. Y., September 12, 1836, is better known 
now as he signs himself, M. H. Smith, President of the Louis- 
ville & Nashville Railroad. 

Mr. Smith's parents were most estimable people. His father, 
a progressive farmer, was greatly interested in farming and 
improving the poor ways farmers ever had of making the soil 
yield its best, and then in finding easier and more economical 
ways of taking care of what the soil produced. 

Following the bent of most people that far East and Mr. 
Greeley's well-known advice, the elder Mr. Smith moved with 
his family of several sons and daughters to Illinois. This 
was some sixty years ago. Wheat was the principal crop, and 
how to harvest it soon engaged the inventive mind of the head 
of the family. The mower and reaper and harvester that 
made Mr. McCormick's name famous and his family very rich 
were also worked out by the elder Mr. Smith ; but Mr. Mc- 
Cormick patented the machines, while Mr. Smith merely worked 
those he made on his own place, and never thought of getting 
rich off his fellow-man. However, this article deals with M. 
H. Smith, son of his father, who came South at an early age. 

Mr. M. H. Smith, having soon fretted at farm life, went out 
to try something more stirring. He liked the tick of a tele- 
graph instrument, and, going into an office, he stayed long 
enough to become an expert operator. Being of an inquiring 
mind, with a progressive disposition, he discovered that the best 
use to make of his ability as a telegraph operator was to add 
the further accomplishment of train dispatching. His mind 
being receptive and analytical, this came easy. 

McComb had come South and built the Mississippi Central, 
and Mr. Smith found a job at Holly Springs on that road. 
He soon learned to handle trains, became agent, dispatcher, 
and factotum for his part of the road. He had handled the 
trains at that important point so well that when Donelson fell 
and Shiloh gave all that and this country to the Federals Mr. 
Smith, remaining at his post, was given yet more important 
duties to perform, with headquarters at Jackson. Handling 
these duties with the same ability he had always displayed 
(or rather showed evidence of, for Milton Smith never dis- 
plays), he was made master of transportation for all the 
government roads and trains then operated in the captured 
territory. 

The end of the war came, and the reputation he made did not 
fade away with the last battle's smoke, but rather rolled on to 
the attention of Albert Fink, then General Manager of the 
Louisville & Nashville Railroad and the pioneer of everything 
great in railway construction, operation, and traffic. Van 
Alsten was General Freight Agent of the road. Mr. Smith 
was appointed Assistant General Freight Agent, and thus he 
began his first service on the railroad he was to make one of 
the famous systems of the country, and it in time responding 
has paid him in turn, and has made him the one great captain 
of all those in the South. 

Van Alsten was a man of parts himself; so when the Star 
Union (a forerunner of railway consolidation), a big freight 
line, was organized by the trunk lines in the late sixties, Van 
Alsten became General Manager, and Mr. Smith became Gen- 
eral Freight Agent of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. 

During many trials and vicissitudes through which the Louis- 
ville & Nashville Railroad had to take its course Albert Fink 



.ind Milton Smith steered the old road to success. The finan- 
ciers began to take notice, to buy the stock, and work their 
ways; the politician took notice also, and undertook to use 
the great force, both of money and men, for their gain; but 
those two men "sat in the boat," or rather "on the rail," and 
brought the fortunes of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad On 
and up till the values were increased twentyfold. 

Mr. Fink was called to New York to organize and put in 
force and effect the freight bureau of the trunk lines of the 
country, of which he was made commissioner. The now great 
systems of the country were the result. Mr. Smith had his 
hands and brains filled with the immense traffic he had built 
up for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, and now had to 
fight to hold and fight harder to build yet more. How suc- 
cessfully he managed all this is well known to most men who 
keep up with railroad doings, for the stock value of the com- 
pany, which he had found worth ten cents on the dollar, was 
doubled by stock dividend and then run up twofold in value 
on every market in the world. 

About this time a rich man, a power in Kentucky politics, 
with his eye on the United States Senate, bought, with his 
friends, a control of the stock and made himself President of 
the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Withal the road pros- 
pered in spite of them. M. H. Smith was in charge of the 
traffic, the money-getting department of the road. 

Then another war came, the war of pestilence and disease, 
ravaging the whole South and threatening to destroy all the 
territory through which the Louisville & Nashville operated, 
and the Louisville & Nashville along with it. It was 1878. 
Yellow fever broke out everywhere. Quarantines were estab- 
lished at almost every important point in the South, especially 
along the Louisville & Nashville system, cutting the road into 
a hundred parts. Each community cared only for itself, with 
a hand against all the rest. Nashville and Louisville alone 
opened their arms to all refugees. Most cities, after fumi- 
gating both trains and passengers four miles south of them, 
let the trains run through twenty-five miles per hour. Mont 
gomery, Ala., established the shotgun quarantine, and forbade 
any train from the South to come within that city's limits. 
In vain appeals came from Mobile, Pensacola, and New Or- 
leans, and the inhabitants of the intermediate territory that 
they be permitted to send their well away from the perils of 
the fever. 

The traffic of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad was 
blocked at Montgomery. Mr. Smith went before the City Coun- 
cil and pleaded with them, showing the inhumanity of it all ; 
but Montgomery's Council was panicked, and sought only to 
protect Montgomery with her shotgun quarantine. "All right," 
said Mr. Smith ; "if you want quarantine, I'll give you quaran- 
tine." He diverted the southern travel over other routes to 
points of safety from fever. He ordered that no train should 
go into Montgomery from any direction. In five days Mont- 
gomery did not have a bite to eat. Appeals were made that 
they would starve. "All right," said Mr. Smith ; "let the trains 
from the South come through." Even then Montgomery re- 
fused. A delegation had gone to Louisville to lay the case 
before the president, who, being more politician than railroad 
man, ordered that trains north of Montgomery should go into 
Montgomery with supplies. 

Mr. Smith left the service of the Louisville & Nashville 
Railroad. The Associated Press sent out the news: "Milton 
Smith has resigned." Next day the Baltimore & Ohio, the 
Pennsylvania, and Mr. Gould had offered high places to Mr. 
Smith. He went with the Baltimore & Ohio as General Freight 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterai). 



87 



Agent, with headquarters at Baltimore, for three years, then 
with the Pennsylvania, taking charge of all that great system's 
business west of the Alleghanies." 

Mr. Smith was called hack to the Louisville & Nashville in 
1882 and made Vice President and General Manager of the 
entire system. Me immediately began the upbuilding of the 
Smith where touched by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. 

The hard times of 1890 and the panic of 1891 were only war 
again in another shape. I he Louisville & Nashville barely 
escaped disaster. Mr. Smith went to New York and showed 
the directors that the road was all right if they would only 
keep the wolves away. They asked him to do so, and made 
him President that he might better succeed. He began by 
threatening to throw a whole bank full of wolfish brokers oul 
of their own tenth floor windows if they continued war on the 
Louisville & Nashville. 

It has not always been smooth sailing since. The politician 
who waxes fat on office he gains by fighting the corporations 
put all sorts of barriers in the way of the Louisville & Nash- 
ville, because Mr. Smith was bigger than the best of them. 
North of him, south of him, all about him to ride into office 
over the golden rails of the Louisville & Nashville was the 
aim. Many a lilt was had and many a patriot ( ? I bit the dust. 




M. H. SMITH, PRESIDEN1 LOU1SVILL! .\ NASHVILLI RAILS 

In M. II. Smith the Louisville & Nashville had a champion 
ever ready for every battle's gage lie defeated those who 

made a target of the Louisville & Nashville or attempted to 
take its traffic. All he asked was to be let alone ; and when 
not so let, he fought whatever light was to protect 

the Louisville & Nashville. Il t made a lot of enemies, which 
wa s not tin least of bis virtues Mm bated him because they 
could not down linn yet i,,- (ought onI> the battles of the 
Louisville & Nashville He had no fights of his own. 



For thirty years it went on. Some went up and some went 
down, but the Louisville & Nashville goes on forever. Wher- 
ever there is a public fund or quasi-public money, there also 
is a gang to loot. To fight the looters is not the least of a 
master's labors if he will protect the property put in his hands. 
Kentucky, Tennessee. Alabama, Florida, Georgia— all show 
the results of this man's endeavor. He built roads into all of 
these States to develop their resources and their industries— 
the coal of Kentucky, the minerals of Tennessee and Alabama, 
the timber of all the States, agriculture, commerce— and traffic 
everywhere was promoted. 

For forty years he held for Nashville thai milling-in-transit 
rate against which every city North and South has fought 
and that built up the great mill and gram industry here. For 
all that time be has maintained the integrity of the "like con- 
dition" rate that gave Nashville the Cumberland River, wet 
or dry. as a rate maker. Through all the courts till fame ha s 
hung about the case because of all these innovations the case 
has been fought and sustained. The people profited. 

The profit of the public the Louisville & Nashville shared 
in— that has been the theory of this man. Without prosperity 
of the people along the line of the Louisville eS: Nashville Rail- 
road there could he no profit for the Louisville & Nashville. 
Yet there were people who believed the oft-repeated spiel of the 
impecunious promoter of evil and distrust, and joined in the 
cry against the "octopus," that "octopus" which gathered ten 
States of the Union in its benign fold and from each tentacle 
sent out the life-giving juices that brought prosperity to all, 
even i n spite of the perfidious protests of many who profited. 
Here is one instance of Mr. Smith's action. 

In 1898 all the South experienced a severe winter. In Ten- 
nessee we had n< t had the like of cold weather for years. The 
Cumberland River was frozen from shore to shore. There was 
a gn al deal of suffering from all classes. In the midst of it 
lb' coal supply became exhausted, and rich and poor alike 
felt the pain and pinch of cold. The coal mines of Tennessee 
could not supply the towns and cities near Nashville. The sup- 
ply was exhausted, not a dealer had a ton of coal, and there 
were few cellars that were not empty. Brother shared with 
brother, friend with friend, and neighbor with neighbor. The 
extreme cold continuing, the coal mines got into trouble; 
and pumps froze up, and it was impossible to get coal 
from any Tennessee mine-. The local roads were therefore 
utterly unable to bring any relief. An appeal was made to the 
Louisville X- Nashville Railroad — to M. H. Smith. In an hour 
he had ordered all the coal along the line diverted to Ten- 
towns ami that the coal stocks of some of the towns 
in Kentucky be reshipped to Tennessee. This continued, for 
the extreme cold continued, till the Kentucky towns ran short 
and protested. Mr. Smith brought coal from Louisville all 
(he way to Nashville- coal, I' 0, some of which had gone from 
this vicinity, No extra freight charge was made, so that the 
price was not increased, although men came with scuttles and 
offered a dollar a scuttle. 

So fraught with suffering and impending destruction was this 
coal famine that men — good men, honest nun. rich men — 
climbed on the cars as they passed through East Nashville 
and took the coal before it reached the dealer, for fear their 
order would not be filled in time to save their families from 
suffering. The Louisville & Nashville sent a great many cars 
of coal to Nashville from their own supply, whole ear loads 
of which were never accounted for, that coal having been 
taken without leave, license, or pay by men who said their 
wives and children were suffering and they must have fuel. 



88 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



Nashville has forgotten that peril, that month of suffering, 
barely escaping disaster and death, numerous deaths. Yet it 
was only twelve years ago that Mr. Smith came to Nashville 
and found the conditions so deplorable that he actually made 
himself the coal agent for all South Kentucky and Tennessee, 
as well as master of transportation of the commodity alone that 
could warm. It was an emergency that only a master hand 
could meet. He met it and went away without a word to or 
from anybody then or since. And this is the first record 
doubtless ever made of this really very onerous, wonderful, 
and humane personal achievement. Virtue truly is its own 
reward — real, true, sure-enough virtue. This man likes to do 
things like that. He hunts difficult problems. He loves to 
solve what other men halt at ; to him reward comes with the 
success of his endeavors. And he never refers to his work. 

In his prime Mr. Smith went constantly over the line of 
the road. He visited all the cities and all the towns along the 
road. He acquainted himself with each business of material 
importance to the road or the community. He made the ac- 
quaintance of the owners and managers of industries and fa- 
miliarized himself with their needs and their endeavors. He 
helped the struggling, he built higher the prosperous, and he 
developed new industries wherever tangible product was dis- 
covered, after helping most materially to discover. To no 
man in all the States through which the road runs do the peo- 
ple owe so much. Yet he does not stop to be paid or praised, 
nor will he. He takes for himself the rule he lays down for 
his employees : "No man deserves any credit for doing his 
duty." With that as a slogan he strides through his busy, 
eventful, historical life, regardless alike of condemnation or 
commendation. Only those who have been privileged to keep 
close have been allowed to know the good he has done, the 
charity in thought and act, the gentleness of the apparently 
arrogant man. He has made successful a whole host of men, 
and he is prouder of that work than all his victories. He found 
them young, inexperienced, untaught, undeveloped; he has 
made men of them ; but he will not claim any credit for it. 

He has created big, brainy men, men of affairs, men who, 
following the master, have discovered and developed yet 
newer territory in other sections or, remaining with the old 
line, now occupy positions of influence, affluence, and worth. 
It is said that the Louisville & Nashville Railroad has been 
the university from which has graduated the traffic men and 
managers for half the country, and that M. H. Smith was the 
head master. He has been the character to emulate, his the 
style to copy, his ways the lines to work on, to accomplish. 

Withal Mr. Smith arrogates nothing to himself, nor as- 
sumes superiority; he only asserts his power to act as he sees 
best. He lets it go at that and fights it out on that line, 
though it has taken all the summer of his eventful, active, 
enviable, historical life, linked alike with the history of the 
Old South with its changed conditions to upbuild which he has 
given half a century of earnest, strenuous, successful endeavor. 

The characteristics of a great man are always an interest- 
ing study. It enables lesser men to ape the greater and 
modest men to see their own possibilities. It develops the 
dormant capacities of young and untried men. But who is to 
tell of what a great man is capable or what made him great? 
Mr. Smith's power is his firmness of conviction and intense- 
ness of purpose. His mind is analytical and his determination 
unwavering. Once he sees the way, he follows it ; nothing, 
nobody can divert him. "We have determined the way; let's 
take no by-paths," he sometimes says, which lets one know his 
head is set and that he will not waste time on other plans. 



THE L. & N. RAILROAD COMPANY. 
Growth of the Great System Under One Management. 

The original capital stock of the Louisville & Nashville 
Railroad was $3,000,000, authorized March, 1850; the contem- 
plated mileage, 185 (Louisville to Nashville). 

The authorized capital stock to-day is $150,000,000, with 
5,000 miles of road in thirteen States. 

When M. H. Smith went into the service of the Louisville 
& Nashville Railroad, besides the main line from Louisville 
to Nashville there was a branch to Bardstown, Ky., some 
17 miles long, another to Lebanon, Ky., 37J/2 miles, and an- 
other from Bowling Green, Ky., to the Tennessee State line, 
about 50 miles, a total of 290 miles, which cost about $1 0,000, • 
000. The cost of the 5,000 miles now owned by the company 
has been $128,000,000. The road employs 40,000 men. 

More than five hundred millions of money have been dis- 
tributed by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad to the people 
and employees along its line Besides this direct contribu- 
tion to the citizens (for a man is still a citizen even if he is 
a railroad employee), the policy of M. H. Smith has ever been 
to develop the industries along the line of the Louisville & 
Nashville Railroad, to build branch roads to timber, to coal, 
to iron ore, to limestone, to phosphate, to people, and be in- 
strumental in the upbuilding of the country. The country is 
the South, since the endeavors and success of the Louisville & 
Nashville Railroad have been in Southern territory alone. 
Since M. H. Smith pitched his tent in Mississippi in 1859, he 
has held his hand to the plow and never turned his face 
toward any other section of the country than out over this 
Southland. Appeals and proffer after proffer have been made 
to take him away, but he has not gone. The East and the 
West have brought out a number of eminent and able men, 
who have successfully handled the properties they have ac- 
quired or had placed in their hands, and contributed to the 
upbuilding of the countries through which their respective 
roads have been built. M. H. Smith stands preeminent, the 
one great organizer, developer, and operator in the South. 
September 12 of this year (1911) he rounds out his seventy- 
five years of life, as eventful, successful, honorable, and en- 
viable as ever man lived. Probably his greatest and most val- 
uable asset was the possession of a will to do right, regard- 
less of the enemies he might make. 

If ever there was a many-sided man, we have him here.' 
Mr. Smith's long and extensive commercial experience has 
made him familiar with all the likely happenings in a business 
life. Little there is that has not come up in his long life full 
of contemplation of such varied affairs. In all the labors of 
the railroad man, from him who rolls freight on the platform 
to him who arranges to float millions of money on the sea 
of railroad venture, he has tried his hand, long schooled in the 
university of practical and applied commerce, engineering, law, 
mechanics, and industrial endeavor ; he is at the same time a 
railroad manager, a commercial traveler and merchant, an 
engineer, lawyer, a mechanic, and a financier, ready and able 
to meet the best of them at their own game or his with a full 
assurance that an abundant and varied knowledge has given 
him such ability that within himself he can solve whatever 
problems that may under any and all conditions confront him 
or demand his decisions. Once he was asked why he did not 
answer a certain business letter he had received. His reply 
was: "I couldn't." So he did not try. The useless he is too 
wise to bother about. 



Qoofederat^ l/eterai}. 



S 9 



THE SOLID SOUTH OF BUSINESS. 
Southern Commercial Congri - ro \Iim in Atlanta. 

Go\ Joseph M, Brown, of Georgia, has invited President 
'I .-in to be present, and lie is joined in the invitation 1>\ tli 
Following Governors and Governors-elect: Gov. Braxton B 
and Gov.-elect Emmett O'Neal, 'f Vlabama; Go\ 
George W. Donaghey, of Arkansas; Gov Allien W. Gilchrist, 
of Florida; Gov. Augustus E Wilson, id Kentucky; G 
.land Y. S. unli i of Louisiana; Got Vustin I.. Crothi 
Maryland; Gov. Edmond I' Noel, of Mississippi; Gov. Herbert 
S, Hadlcy, of Missouri; Gov. W W. Kitchin, of North Caro- 
lina; Gov. Charles X. Haskell and Gov.-elect Lee Cruci oi 
Oklahoma; Gov. Martin F. Ansel and Go\ elecl < ole 1. 
Blease, of Smith Carolina; < i >\ Malcolm R. Patterson and 

Go> elect B. \Y Hooper, of Tennessee; lin\ I honias M 

ibell and Gov.-elect Oscar Branch Colquitt, of I 
Go\ William Hodges Mann, of Virginia; Go\ William F. 
( ilassi ii k, ' if W esi Virginia. 
G B.rown urges the importance of a large attendant : 
"'I his invitation, Mr. President, is neither formal not pei 
i not unmindful of your friendship for 
tin South, which is evidenced nol onlj bj your public utter 
ances, hut bj your official acts and appointments. Your pan 
in the construction of the Panama Canal will be recorded by 
historj as one "i the most important triumphs of constructive 
>tati manship, and this work will have a far-reaching effect 
upon the prosperity oi thi South and the development ol its 
industries. 

"It is Fitting thai you should be present as a counsel r and 
Friend at tli oi representative Southern men. 

called for the purposi oi devising ways and mean- for thi up 
building of these States, the development oi their resources, 
and ill, em ragei leni of all thai will ad\ at i i i\ ili 
w lilim i nil in ii dei 

"We are aware that the demands of public business upon 

you an heavy; bul we arc persuaded that this invitation will 

i serious and frvorable consideration when you remem 

her that it is impossible to build up the South without making 

ater, and your presence and counsel will add 

immensely to thi uccess of our i ffi irts " 

Commissioner 01 ^griculturai Department. 
Ml Southern rs will bi gratified that the greal organi 
■ inch is proving its faith by its works and is genuinely 
patriotic has selected to its most important commissionership 
11 ol Maliania. Commander in ( 'I ii 

H' d Son i ■ di rati Vetet ans. I Us appointment 

nun li to tlu undertaking, as it will induce the coopera- 
bi i pi i iple tlir lUghout tin South. 

REPRl i ii ive Tennesseean. 
Mr Leland Hume, of Nashville, General Managei of the 
Cumberland Telephom & relegraph Company, is 

The 

notici senl out from Washington in regard to it stati 

"Mr Hume has had connection with business affairs since 
In- early manhoo speech before the Southern I 

1 Congress will be to the topic. 'Tin Solid South of 
Business.' Equallj distinguished mi I the other 

Southern States will speak on tl to iii thu 

native wi rd ing the bu 

status of each Slate in the South. Each of thi i - will 

tribution. 
"Mr. Mum, is descended from the earl) settlers of Nash- 
ville, h . ancestors having gone there from Edinburgh, Scot 



land, in l800 Mis father was a wholesale merchant in Nash- 
ville for forty years, up to the time of his retirement from 
business five years ago. Mr. Hume was educated at Vander 
hilt University, worked for his father for five years, ami then 
entered the service of the Cumberland Telephone & Telegraph 
Company, and lias now been twenty-five years asSOi 

with that company. At the age of twent) two he was elected 
treasurer of the company, at the age of twenty-seven its sec- 
retary and assistant general manager, and is now gi 
manager Me married at twenty four Miss Louise Trciiholin. 

of Charleston, S. C. a niece of Hon. George \ ["renholm, 
Secretary of the Confederate States Treasury. 

"Mr. Hume was the first President of the Nashville Board 
oi hade, which bodj was brought togethei seven years ago 
by uniting the various commercial organizations of the citj 



THE m' RG1 < >\ GENERAL, S.P.MOORE, MONUMENT. 

It is to he erected in Richmond, Va., under the auspices of 
the Association of Medical Officers of the Army and Navj 
of the Confederacy. 

The mi immrni is to consist of foul parts A base of three 
steps of Richmond graj granite, a round pedestal of white 
marble, smooth bul not polished, a bronze statue of Surgeon 
General Moore on top of a pedestal, a bronze group of a 
female nurse and a wounded soldier at foot of pedestal. 

I lie Surgeon General is represented as having received 
some report, and is now reflecting as to what indorsement oi 
order to write on it. showing him in e> 'cutive capacity He 
ithed in the military uniform of his rank in the Con- 
federate States army. The pedestal has a countersunk pane! 
with appropriate inscription. At the top is a band of laurel 
as a tribute to bis worth and the efficiency of the mi 

in in. below is a band ni thirteen stars, linked with a 

conventional representation ol tin batth flag, making a very 
ornamental as well as appropriate design, The group in In nl 
at the base oi the pedestal is a nurse ministering to a wounded 
soldier, and is designed as a tribute to the Women of the 
Confederacy 

On i ne side of tin column i or pedestal I is thi 
of th c Confederate St; 

On tin opposite side is the battle flag, surrounded b) . 
burst, indicating the glorj of till flag and the soldiers who 
valorously fought under it. 

As Far as may be practicable the materials of constt 

will be indigenous to ti u . Southern States 

It is promised informally that the city of R d will 

furnish the foundation and base nt the monument and 

n appropriate site upon which ti erect it, ind thi State 
Vssemblj max make an appri ipt ial 

[Thc foregoing is from Dr Samuel I I ewi ' hairman 
i lei ei al i !i immittei \ -■ iciation Medical Of! 
. tin Confi '.i acy.| 



v OF THREE BOO 
Elbert William Robinson Ewing, a native of the S 
and who is don',; a peculiar and splendid « 
place our section aright on the pages of American 
highly appreciated bj a largi circli oi Vi 

b bis "Northern Rebellion I Southern S 

Except a tew copies now owned b) the VETERAN, '111- WI rk 

cannot row he bought. Since the publication of this highly 
interesting work ihc authoi has given to the public tw 

1 k-. typ< and bound in I 

Of tli. 



90 



Qopfederat^ Ucteraij. 



ican judicial determination, the famous Drcd Scott case, 
and deals in a masterly way with the questions therein which 
involved the powers of the Federal government, the light 
over which finally gave rise to secession. The latest work 
takes up the most bitter fight since the war, drawing intense- 
ly interesting pictures of the men and their methods, which 
involved some of the most vital relations since the war be- 
tween the Federal government and the States — the Hayes- 
Tilden election and trial. 

1. "Northern Rebellion and Southern Secession" needs no 
additional comment, but here are representative instances of 
what is thought of the others. 

2. "Legal and Historical Status of the Died Seott Decision." 
It should be widely read, and should make the University 
and the whole State proud of its author. — Professor Dabney, 
History Department, University of Virginia. 

Mr. Ewing analyzes carefully, reasons closely, and in his 
study of the case has evidently overlooked no material fact. 
... If any one chapter is more deserving of attention than 
another, it is that one, perhaps, in which the author attacks 
the generally accepted theory that, in passing on the question 
of the constitutionality of the Missouri Compromise, the court 
went out of its way, and pronounced what is known as obiter 
dictum. James Bryce and Woodrow Wilson and others of 
ability almost as conspicuous hold this view, but Mr. Ewing 
throws down the gauntlet to them, and, drawing his argu- 
ments from many sources, demonstrates in a masterly and con- 
vincing manner their error. — Washington (D. C.) Herald. 

See Judge Pearce's opinion in November (iqio) Veteran. 

I regard this book as a very valuable contribution to our 
political history. — /. H. Hinemon, Pies. Henderson College. 

I wish to thank the author for giving to the literature of 
the South such a valuable contribution. — Mildred L. Ruther- 
ford, author and teacher. 

3. "Xaii' and History of the Haycs-Tilden Contest." 

The book displays a close and careful study of the great 
judicial and political contest. The legal status and powers 
of the electoral commission are gone into, and the whole bat- 
tle for place is laid bare in a dramatic and vivid way. — Rec 
ord-Hcrald, Chicago. 

Now by special arrangement the Veteran only can furnish 
all three books, postpaid, during a short period for the small 
sum of $1.50, the usual price of the three volumes being $5. 
Send in your orders without delay. Send six subscriptions, 
and the three books will be contributed by the Veteran to 
your library. Address Confederate Veteran, Nashville. 



"THE SWORD IN THE MOUNTAINS." 
Alice MacGowan, who has written so much and so naturally 
of the mountain dwellers of our beautiful Southland, has just 
published through Putnam's a great Civil War story under the 
above title. Realizing that too many tales dealing with the 
great conflict have been written from a prejudiced view-point, 
Miss MacGowan has made her story wonderfully impartial. 
This may be accounted for by the facts that Alice MacGowan 
was born in Ohio, brought up in Tennessee ; and while her 
father was an officer in the Army of the Cumberland, the 
fathers of almost all of her associates and her dearest friends 
of childhood days were on the other side in that struggle. 
Colonel MacGowan was editor of the Chattanooga Times for 
more than twenty years, and thirty years editor in Chattanooga. 
"The Sword in the Mountains" deals with the siege and 
battles about Chattanooga, and perhaps no more picturesque 



war material was offered during the conflict of '63. Chicka- 
mauga, which is the great battle piece of the book, came vci\ 
near being a drawn engagement, the advantage resting 
one side and the victory on the other. The valor shown 5ii 
that terrible field was American — not confined to North cr 
South. Pap Thomas, the rock of ChicKamauga. who saved 
the battered remnants of the day for the Federals, was himself 
a Virginian. Abraham Lincoln's Confederate brother-in-law, 
General Helm, was killed on the field of Chickamauga. Alto- 
gether the author could not have selected a battle in whose 
heroic fighting both sides could have felt ■ uch equal pride 
Her description of the battle, while historically accurate, is 
extremely picturesque, and survivors who know how the fight- 
ing went will find nothing to offend and much to charm them 
in her presentation. 

The same judicious intention to represent both sides i-, shown 
in the placing of her characters. The hero of the story. Champ 
Seacrest, an East Tennessee boy, who had gone West, is a 
young Confederate cavalryman, coming in with the Texa* 
Rangers. But Champ Seacrest's father, Vespasian Seacrest. 
almost an equally important character in the story, is a moun- 
taineer living on Walden's Ridge, north of Chattanooga, and 
an ardent Unionist. The boy had run away from home and 
gone with kin to Texas. The girl he loved still remained witli 
his father on Walden's Ridge, and she too is profoundly at- 
tached to the Union, and helped Vespasian to get men through 
to join the Union army. Champ is cast out by his father in 
a moment of passion, and Delora, the girl, holds with the old 
man; yet the hearts of both follow the dashing young gray- 
clad cavalryman, wdio rides with the 8th Texas Rangers, form- 
ing sometimes a part of Wheeler's "Ragged and Reckless." 
sometimes with Forrest or another. 

The loving touches with which the war-time life in its old- 
fashioned Southern elegance is delineated, as in the home of 
the Winchesters at Chattanooga, will be especially appreciated 
by those wdio remember those times. The scene in which Champ 
is taken for a spy in Mrs. Judge Winchester's house, the death- 
bed marriage between Evelyn Winchester, the lovely young 
Southern girl, and a young Federal officer who has fallen 
desperately in love with her — these are things most of us could 
parallel in our personal experiences or in the stories that have 
come down to us. 

A romance is not expected to weigh ethical questions or set 
forth the right or wrong of a situation, and "The Sword in 
the .Mountains" makes no attempt to argue the case for cither 
side. The reception of the news of Lincoln's assassination in 
Chattanooga, the midnight court-martial, the various skirmishes 
and rescues are all parallel from events in history, though no 
one character or incident is taken exactly as it stood. But the 
description of the burning of the Federal wagon train in Se- 
quatchie Valley that was to sustain the besieged town when 
Wheeler's desperate band undertook what even Forrest thought 
they could not do, the figure of its gallant leader, with a mere 
touch of Braxton Bragg's personality, is accurate. 

In the preface Miss MacGowan expresses some little fear 
that her lack of prejudice may end by pleasing neither side, 
yet it would be a captious critic indeed who would wish to 
import even a touch of bitterness into a book which celebrates 
so enthusiastically the valor of Americans, the courage we 
draw from a common ancestry, and which we must all hope to 
bring to bear upon a common destiny. 



While the book does not portray that astute knowledge of 
military matters that the veterans expect, it will entertain those 
who are unfamiliar with them, and it is intensely thrilling. 



Qorpfederat^ l/eierar?. 



91 



\BOUl REUNIONS WITH till: GRAY AND BLUE 
Comrade J. M. Arnold, ;i conservative veteran, who has 
held the rank of Brigadier General in the U. C. \ ^ssocia 
tion, writes from Covington, Ky.: "1 notice in the papers thai 
the G. A. R. at their last Reunion held in Atlantic City pa ed 
1 res ilution to invite the U. C, V. Association to meet with 
them in joint reunion. From principle I am unalterably <>p 
;ni ed i" any joint reunion with that Association ["he late 
Charles A. Dana, who was Assistant Secretarj of War under 
Mr. Lincoln and afterwards editor of the New York Sun, per 
Minalh advocated a reunion of the two associations to be held 
in New York on July 4, [896 Gen. John B, Gordon, then 
our Commander in Chief, signified a willingness to do so I he 
Grand Army of the Republic through their Commander in 
Chief declined. Later on at our Reunion at Birmingham a 
resolution was pas ed inviting the <i \ K to join with us 
m a reunion. That was submitted to then Commandei in 
Chief, who, I believe, \\ . 1 - Walker, and offensively declined, 
he stating that he would be willing if we would not wear our 
gray uniforms or bring our old battle tla.ns. If this matter is 
submitted to our Reunion to be held at Little Rock next year, 
I hope to see 1] unanimously voted down." 

[The Veteran has not favored these joint reunions since 
the (, \ R, Commander was so ugly in declining the Dana 
proposition in [896 lint let us remember that his was an 
individual ugliness \t Atlantic City there was much oi re 
speet and fraternal feeling shown Confederates, and the day is 
coming when ., "corporal's guard," the last of both sides, will 
fall on sleep," and in those days there will be hut two ques 

Was he faithful 1 1 Ins convictions? and did he treat 

civilians right? Villianous deportment o) toldiers should be 
diligent!} considered in all matters where the -pun of eon- 
1-111 is a factor. A gentleman in the war days should 
i:o\\ be so esteemed I et ili.u be the test rather than pro 
fessed friendship now Deeds 1 1 vandalism committed in the 

sixties sin uld m it he excused now I 



YOUR FAMILIES SIKH LD I ISTED 

\ well written letter from South Carolina states: "I am 

writing to a-k that you discontinue th < ONFEDERATI Veter\N 

ndfather, who died December 8, [910. Me enji /ed 

your book verj much, for he was an old soldier eighti five 

age." 

[■he -ad thing about this is that the family was not inter- 
ested sufficiently to send even a brief sketch, ami the fact is 
published for the benefit oi venerable comrades in the hope 

that they will enlist their children and grandchildren at least 

to the extent of having somi account sent for publication 
The Veteran is splendidlj hound in mam public and privat 
libraries, so that years and years .die. ul the pi steritj 1 1 thesi 
grandchildren wili seek sadly hut in vain foi a record of their 
ors who endured faithfully to the end for a principle as 

high as hum. 111 conception reach your children that "a land 

without monuments" is indeed "a land without memories," and 
monuments bj tl ds are far more durable 1h.n1 graniti 

or hrotue. It is useless p. speculate about the durabilit) of 
'I-, hut to a]] human rcasi n it may he 
presumed that, while the foundations oi man endure, these 
records will hi- preserved, Tell youi posterity to the last 
ition of your dee. Is and urge them to help sustain a 
record that meai 1 much for tin exaltation oi charactei and 

is SO helpful in many ways to those who deserve whatever of 

merit there is m what you and your comrades did in the 
sixties to maintain principles inculcated bj patriotism 
bj every consideration embodied in tin- Christian religion 



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY 

A Library of Confederate States History in Twelve Volumes 

Written by tilde and distinguished Southern men. 
with (inn. Clement A. Evans, of Georgia, Editor-in-Chief. 

This extensive Confederate publication has the com- 
mendation of the Historical Committee of the United 
t 'on federate Veterans. The military history of each Coo- 
federate state is gh en separately. Such w liters as Prof. 
J. ... M. Curry, of Virginia, (Japt. W. R. Garrett, of 
Tennessee and Gen. I -menl A. Evans, of Gteorgia, 
touch on the Constitutional questions and the Civil and 
Political events which brought on the Confederate move- 
ment, while the military history of the Slates is given by 
Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Maryland: Maj. Jen Hotcli- 
kiss, of Virginia; Prof. 1). 11. Hill,' Jr.. of North Carolina; 
Gen. Ellison Capers, South Carolina; Gen. Joe Wheeler, 
Alabama; Col. Chas. K Hooker. Mississippi: ex-Governor 
Porter. Tennessee: Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Kentucky; 
Col. Moore, Missouri; Gen. J. M. Han-ell. Arkansas; Prof. 
Dimitry, Louisiana; Governor Roberts, Texas; Gen. 
Robert White, West Virginia. 

The Veteran has by cash payment secured control of 
the entire edition of this valuable work, and while the sup- 
ply lasts will furnish the entire edition 

AT HALF" PRICE 

This is a tine opportunity to secure a mosi complete 
history id' the Confederate Government at moderate cost. 

Cloth. $2J IMI; half leather. * 10 Oil. 

Th s most complete ( on to. lei ale history should be in 

e\ ei v private library South and ei cry public library in the 
country. Order at once, and if not convenient to pay cash, 
the amount may be sent in partial payments. Address 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, Nsshville, Tenn. 



MEMOIRS OF JEFFERSON DAVIS 

Beautiful and Just Tribute by His Wife 

No one was so well prepared to write of the ex- 
alted character of this grand man as his wife, who 
in the close comradeship of over a quarter of a cen- 
tury had seen that character develop through suc- 
cess and failure, through joy and sorrow, in shadow 
and sunlight. 

Mrs. Davis had kept her finger upon the pulse 
of the exciting times of war, and thoroughly under- 
ftood the bearing of events upon the life of Mr. 
Davis; aud her book portrays these scenes in a mas- 
terly manner, leaving out no side lights that are 
needed for a thorough comprehension of things as 
they were. 

The VETERAN has the sole agency for these 
books, only a limited number of which can be iad, 
as they are out of print. While the edition lasts -hey 
will be sold at a bargain. They are in two voiumes, 
octavo, richly illustrated. 

PRICES, ■WITH BINDINGS, PER SET 

Best English Cloth $ 5 00 

English Grained Cloth 6 50 

Half Morocco, Marbled Edges 7 50 

Half Russia, Gilt Top, Uncut Edges 8 00 

Half Calf, Marbled Edges 10 00 

Full Turkey Morocco, Full Gilt 12 00 

The VETERTtX will supply them at 20 per cent 
ott, paying the postage or express. 



9 2 



Qotyj-ederat^ Ueteraij. 



•©mme ©>f Mealed Notable So^n^IheiPini B©oR; 



Baltimore Sun: "The Ncale Publish- 
ing Company lias certainly placed those 
who love the South and her glorious 
history under a debt of no small pro- 
portions." 

During the first decade of the twen- 
tieth century The Xeale Publishing 
Company has issued more books of val- 
ue that relate to the South, the works 
of Southern writers, than the combined 
output of all other publishers. 

Soon after this house was established, 
more than twelve years ago, it had 
taken its place in the front rank of the 
publishers of the world. 



Now it occupies four buildings, its 
authors are among the writers and not- 
able men of affairs of Great Britain, 
Germany, France, Russia, and Japan, 
as well as of nearly every State of the 
Union. 



Hereafter we shall issue all our pub- 
lications wholly at our expense. The 
few books that we have published at 
the author's expense, or partly at the 
author's expense and partly at our ex- 
pense, while well worthy of publication, 
never were issued by us in the expecta- 
tion of a financial reward. In the pub- 
lication of such books, where we did 
not bear half the expense or more, we 
never charged the author a penny be- 
yond the actual cost to us. We shall 
publish unsalable bonks in the future as 
a public duty, as we have done in the 
past, although not so many; but all 
such books, and all our publications of 
every description, hereafter we shall is- 
sue wholly at our expense. 



In this announcement we are unable 
to do more than briefly describe some 
of our books that relate to the South. 



These Southern bonks constitute a 
notable literature in themselves. Here 
are books beautiful and instructive, 
works of travel, of biography and rem- 
iniscence, of history, literature, and 
statecraft. Here are all manner of 
books, to suit all tastes, and to answer 
all demands. Here are books well 
written, well printed, and well bound, 
a delight to handle, a pleasure to read. 



A discount of twenty per cent is al- 
lowed where the purchase price, after 
the discount is deducted, amounts to 
$25, transportation at the expense of the 
purchaser. A discount of twenty-five 



per cent is allowed where the purchase 
price amounts to $iou or more. 

There are but few of these books 
that would not be sold by our contem- 
poraries at double the price at which 
they are published by us. 

Three Years in the Confederate 
Horse Artillery. By George H. Neese, 
a gunner in Chew's Battery, Stuart's 
llnrse Artillery, Army of Northern 
Virginia. The late Major John W. 
Daniel, Senator from Virginia, who was 
about to write an introduction for this 
book at the time of his death, de- 
clared upon reading the manuscript that 
he had never before read a military 
book so interesting. A notable volume. 
Octavo, $.2 net; postage, 15 cents. 



Robin Aroon. By Armistead C. Gor- 
don, Rector of the University of Vir- 
ginia. Author of The Ivory Gate, Life 
of William Fitzhugh Gordon, For 
Truth and Freedom, all published by 
this house. This story, Mr. Gordon's 
latest historical romance, has captivated 
the literary critics. Boston Transcript: 
"A rest and a delight to chance upon 
so dainty a bit of writing." 121110; $1.25, 
net ; postage, 10 cents. 



The War Between the Union and 
the Confederacy. By Gen. William C. 
( )ates, Colonel in the Confederate army, 
Governor of Alabama, Brigadier-Gen- 
eral in the war with Spain. In this 
volume, which contains more than 800 
pages. General Oates relates the history 
of the Fifteenth Alabama Regiment, 
which was engaged in forty-eight bat- 
tles. Large octavo; illustrated ; $3, net; 
postage, 26 cents. 

A History of Southern Literature. 
By Prof. Carl Holliday, A.M., head of 
the English Department, Vanderbilt 
University, Nashville; author of The 
Cavalier Poets, and author of The 
Cotton-Picker, and Other Poems, 
both published by this house. This not- 
able volume is used as a text-book at 
several of the leading universities of the 
South. Large octavo; $2.50, net; post- 
age, 16 cents. 



Genealogy of Jefferson Davis, Pres- 
ident of the Southern Confederacy, 
and of Samuel Davies, President of 
Princeton College. By Prof. William 
II. Whitsitt, A.M., D.D., LL.D., con- 
nected as professor ami President with 
the Southern Baptist Theological Semi- 
narv for twenty-seven years, and later 



as Professor of Philosophy for nine 
years with Richmond College. 161110; 
$1, net; postage, 10 cents. 

A Long Time Ago. By Alice Maude 
Ewell. A book of short stones, first 
published in Saint Nicholas, which tell 
of life in Virginia and in Maryland dur- 
ing colonial days, with a glimpse of old 
England. A book for old and young- 
alike. Here the picturesque past is be- 
fore us in all its romance and beauty. 
i2mo; illustrated; $1.50, postpaid. 

The Political Opinions of Thomas 
Jefferson. By Prof. John Walter Way- 
land, Ph.D., Assistant and Fellow in 
History, University of Virginia, author 
of several notable books. With an in- 
troduction by Prof. Richard Heath Dab- 
ney, Ph.D., head of the History Depart- 
ment, University of Virginia. 121110; 
Si, net; postage, 10 cents. 

Four Years Under Marse Rop.ert. 
By Major Robert Stiles, of the Rich- 
mond Howitzers, and a writer of ex- 
traordinary force. Twelfth thousand. 
London Spectator: "A book of excep- 
tional interest and no mean literary 
charm." Gen. Stephen D. Lee: "I have 
not read any b ok in many years that 
gave me so much pleasure." Octavo; 
frontispiece; $2, net; postage, 15 cents. 

Maternity. By Dr. Henry D. fry. 
Professor of Obstetrics, Georgetown 
Medical College, First Vice-President 
American Gynecological Society, Obste- 
trician in Chief Columbia Lying-in 1 [os- 
pital, and one of the more eminent phy- 
sicians of the South. A book for the 
expectant mother, designed to meet her 
needs and to answer her questions about 
herself and her child. Written in 1111- 
technical language. 121110; $1, net; post- 
age, 10 cents. 



A True Story of Andersonville 
Prison. By James M. Page, Lieutenant 
Convr my A, Sixth Michigan Cavalry, 
in collaboration with M. J. Haley. A 
Union officer, who was imprisoned in 
Andersonville, defends Major Wirz. 
Cliicago Record-Herald: "One marvels 
that such convincing testimony has been 
.so long withheld." Illustrated ; octavo ; 
$1.50, net; postage, 14 cents. 

General William Fitzhugh Gordon : 
A Virginian of the Old School: His 
Life, Times, and Contemporaries. By 
Armistead C. Gordon, Rector of the 
University of Virginia. Nashville Amer- 
ican: "A most notable contribution to 
the history of a period in which the 



BAILIE PUBLJSMIINQ COMPANY 



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93 



>©mnie of NeaHe 9 © Motolblle Souattlhieinni Books 



South has never received historical jus- 
tice." Large octavo; frontispiece; $3, 
net ; postage, 20 cents. 

Oakland Enquirer: "Walter Neale lias 
endeared himself to all of us who look 

upon the South as almost a native land, 
who knew such men as Alexander II. 

Stephens and President Davis as per- 
il 1 friends. For Mr. Neale has cre- 
ated a great publishing house, devoted 
in Southern literature, and containing 
Southern ideals and aspirations." 

Jacoi'.'s Sons. By Rev. i.e. aye L. 
Pctrie. D.D. A pictorial survey of the 
tribal life of the Israelites. Rarely have 
scholarship and instruction been more 
pleasantly blended into a readable book. 
$1.25, net; postage, 10 cents. 

Tin Poems of Francis < rrfrv Tick- 
nor. Compiled by Michelle Cutliff Tick- 
nor, h.~ granddaughter, who has .1 
to all Ticknor's papers. This bo k con- 
tains the onl) published biography of the 
great Southern poel that is comprehen- 
sive and accurate, prepared bj Miss 
Ticknor in the most careful manner. 

A notabli 1 k indeed. I irge octavo; 

frontispiece; $2, net: postage, 15 cents. 

With i HE Toi Rl 1 I rDE. B) Wthur 
B, Cool Vcw York Sun: "After the 
many ei otistii I and fi « ili >h aci - iunts of 

travel ill well beaten paths, it is pleas- 
art iii come •' ii' an intelligent record 

like \\ mi in ri.r Tide." This 

brilliant South Carolii ian. 111 w in the 
tatic service, in this book supplies 
to him who travels in Europe for the 
I 1 time an indispensable guide, and 
to him who stays at home a most jn- 
' ing \ oliune of travels. [2mo; 
$1.50, p stpaid. 

I loon's 'i i ■.. vs Brig \m . Bj Judge J. 
B Polley, .author of A History of Tex- 
as, in two 1 ; tavo volumi . $5 the 

set, in i. \\ ritten in ci illabi iral ii m with 
Judge < '. C Cummings, and author of 
V Sot I 1 M'll vrming N'n - 

1 11 , both published by tins house. A 

brilliant writer, a trustworthy historian, 
Pollej tells the Story of this cel- 
ebrated brigade, which s rved continu- 

from Seplentb. r. iS. t, to Vpi il o, 
1865, ami which participati 1 in .ill the 

battles fought by the arm) of 
Northern Virginia, with the exception 

of one. Large octavo; illustrated; $3-50, 
i'l: postage, 25 cents. 

Thb l'a n; u \i l'.' Walter Neale, 
idi nt ' if the XV. d ■ Publishing 1 < 'in 

' if I Ml So\ 1 l;| [CNT1 "I 



Tin-: States aid other books, writing 
in collaboration with Elizabeth II. Han- 
cock, author of Betty Pembroke and 
other books. A novel. Richmond 
Times-Dispatch: "It is safe to say that 
whatever popularity and prestige Mr. 
Xeale and Miss Hancock maj have 
hitherto enjoyed, their joint work in 
the present instance can be depended 

upon to arouse more interest, investi- 
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anything that they have previously giv- 
en to the public." Masuji Miyakawa, 
the eminent Japanese statesman and au- 
thor, in the course of a long review. 
says: "Viewed simplj as an achieve- 
ment of letters, this novel of love, pol 
itics, and intrigue desen es to be rani 
among the leading examples of imag 

inative American writings." u ; 

$1.50, postpaid. 



Confederate Operations in Canada 
and New York. By Capt. John W. 
Headley, ('. S. A. Charleston News 
and t ourier: "There i~ an immi nse 

amount of material in tins book, which 
will he found of the utmost use to the 
student of the times." Large oci ivo; 
illustrated; $2, net; postage, 18 cent 

Makers or American Literature. 
By Prof, Edwin W. Bowen, Ph.D., of 
Randolph-Macon College, and the au- 
thor of other notable books. I'd as 
a text-book at several univci 
S,vi Francisco Argonaut: "Wi'.h much 
skill Dr. I'. wen combines the graphical 

and the ei iiu al, while his s, |, ., [ions 

from the work of each author are made 

with discrimination." Large octavo; 
$2.50, net; postage, 15 cents. 

Mi M"ii-.. l',\ Join, 1 1. Reagan. Willi 
a preface bj Prof. \\ alter F. McCaleb, 
I'b. 1 1. As Postmastei 1 . m ral in the 

cabinet of I'l 1 sideill 1 >av is. .1, Sn ,n r 
li 0111 Teaxs, as one whose life wa LIU 

selfishly devoted to the South, Judge 
Reagan acquired an immense amount 
cf information of interest to all Sou;], 

erneis. ,111, 1 this he has handed down to 
posterity in this hi u k, Large octat 1 • ; 
illustrated; $3, net: postage, 20 cents. 

1 in. Sioi;\ 1 01 a [:•, 1 H E Pins. By 
Anna Virginia Russell, A book for 
little children, bv a Southern lad) w.th 
wide experience as a teacher. i6mo; 
illustrate d : 50 cents, postpaid 



I HE I'll Hi is. 111 1 x up Tin-: brni R vi 
1111 ION. B) I lenrv ('. 1 lughcs. 
I be author, a pn iniineut Si lUthi 1 n 
b inker, in this 1 1, taki - up the ( '' in- 
stitution article b) article, analyzes 



feature, and in simple, nontechnical lan- 
guage explains the theory of ... 
eminent. i2mo; o, net ; postage, ro 

cents. 

Toronto Mail am! Empire: "Walter 

Xeale, oi \, u \ rk and Washington, 
is a striking figure in the publishing 
world; one which seems 10 infuse some 
Oi the losi dignity and fame of the 

Southern Stales, where sixt) years ago 

education and culture were iii a state 
much in a, bailee of anything thai am 
other part of America had to offer." 

Recollections ok a Confederate 
S. \i r ( * 1 i 11 1 r. B) Hen. 1;. M. Sorrel, 
I ieutenant Colonel and t hief of Staff 
Longstreet's first Army Corp 1; , 
dier General commanding Sorrel's Brig- 
ade, A. I'. Hill's Thud Army Corps. 
With introduction b) Senator John \\ . 
Daniel. Army and Vavy Journal A 
narrative of per 01 al experience in the 
field, on the march, and in b 
crowned in turn by victor) and defeat, 
which every veteran of the great eon 
llict will read with keen delight." 1 li 
too; frontispiece; $2, let; postage, 15 
cents. 



Life of Robert 1-;. Lee. By Prof. 

Henry E. Shepherd. M.A., LL.D. St. 
I., 'ins Republic: "Il is a book that i i 
Southerner that the sir.niis of 'Dixie' 
s'Mi's should lead, for il is a vivid and 

■I" ' i portrayal of the South's go al I 
her.,." Octavo; illustrated; $2, net; 
postage, 17 cents. 



Stories SHORl \xn SWEET. By Rev. 
I lenry M. Wharton, D.D. From one end 
of the South to the other Dr. Wharton 
is known as a successful evangi 
These Stories are gleanings from bis 

wide experience Pathos and fun. fact 
and fancy ; decks of wisdom and phi 
losophy ; here a joke, there a till) i i 
111011- scenes from ever) da) In 1 

m. 11 and women are these storie I In 
are thumb-nail sketches of life. umo; 

$1, net . postage, 10 cents. 

The Women of mm 1 infederacy. 

By Rev. J. I.. Underw 1. Captain and 

1 liaplain, 1' S A. With introductions 
b) Rei .1 I'. I lawthon e, WW. and Ri 
J \\ illiam Jone .I'D 1 olumbia Si ite: 
" I be volume is a veritable sto 

of valuable material." Octavo; frontis- 
piece: $2, net ; postage, [9 cents. 

I'm MS. B) Major I 'h.irle- \\ 1 [lib 
ner. Xo Southerner's librar) shou 
without tin poetical works o 

1 luhner. one i if the Sout 11 



TIE HEAJLIE PUBLJSHIIMG COMPANY 

FUs^Sroira Buaildniriigp Hew YorlKl 4SH Eleveiatlh §<U WasMiagftoi* 



94 



(^otyfederat^ l/eterap. 



'©me ®f NeaHe 9 © N©tolb]le SouEttihe^ini B©©I&s 



When little more than a boy. bis poems 
attracted widespread attention. Said Ol- 
iver Wendell Holmes, referring to the 
Burns poem: "Eloquent and impas- 
sioned." Henry W. Longfellow, in re- 
ferring to Hubner's early poems, said: 
"They are simple and true." !2mo; $t. 
postpaid. 

Bacon's Rebellion. By Mary Newton 
Stanard. That there was a war for 
freedom fought bj Virginia a hundred 
years before the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was signed is a fact little 
known to the world. Yet. as Mrs. 
Stanard shows, the first American revo- 
lutionary war was fought out in Vir- 
ginia in 1676 — or did it end before 1783? 
121110; $1, net; postage, 10 cents. 



Cleburne and His Command. By 
Capt. Irving A. Buck, formerly Captain 
and acting Adjutant-General Cleburne's 
Division. When Captain Buck was suf- 
fering from a dangerous wound Gen. 
Cleburne wrote to Surgeon Gore: 
"You must save Buck; he is the best 
adjutant-general in the armv." Col. T. 
B. Roy. Chief of Staff, Hardee's Corps: 
"It is a good piece of work, well done 
and well worthy the doing." Large oc- 
tavo; illustrated; $3, net; postage, 20 
cents. 

A Kentucky Chronicle. By John 
Thompson Gray. Norfolk Landmark: 
"It would be hard to praise too highly 
the treasure-house of good things Mr. 
Gray left behind in this volume. Not a 
novel exactly, and by no means a diary, 
it is more than either; it is the best of 
a brilliant, sweet-tempered mind's phi- 
losophy and wit applied to the experi- 
ence of a remarkably long lifetime 
among interesting people." l2mo; $1.50, 
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The Ku Klux Klan : Its Origin. 
Growth, and Disbandment. By J. C. 
Lester and J. L. Wilson. With intro- 
duction and notes by Walter L. Flem- 
ing, Ph.D., Professor of History, Louis- 
iana State University, and the author of 
several important books. St. Paul 
Press: "This is undoubtedly the most 
important volume on this subject yet 
produced." Octavo; illustrated; $150, 
net; postage, 15 cents. 



Lincoln. Lee, Grant, and Other Bi- j 
ographical Addresses. By Judge Em- 
ory Spcer, now and for the last twen- 
ty-four years United States Judge for 
the Southern District of Georgia, now 
and for the past seventeen years Dean 



of the Law School of Mercer Univer- 
sity. Says Arthur T. Iladlcv. President 
of Yale : "I am delighted to hear that 
there is a prospect of seeing these ad- 
dresses in book form. I remember with 
unusual pleasure the address on General 
Lee, which cannot fail to be of great 
service as well as of great interest." 
Octavo; illustrated; $2, net; postage. 15 
cents. 



The Sovereignty of the States. By 
Walter Neale. A political historj of 
the States parties to the Federal tie ty 
and its amendments, in which the au- 
thor contends that the parties to the com- 
pact of confederation were nations, ex- 
ercising full power of sovereignty, from 
the time that they were first settled 
until Appomattox. Lieut. J. R. Eggles- 
ton, Lieutenant United States Navy and 
Confederate States Navy: "At the end 
of many of the sentences I am tempted 
to shout the rebel yell." London Acade- 
my: "We can safely assert that for Eng- 
lish readers at least, no more wildly ex- 
citing book has appeared for many 
years." Alexander Hunter: "Not only 
is it well written, hut it shows a depth 
of historical research that but few men 
would undertake." Richmond Journal: 
"Mr. Neale. aside from being an ag- 
gressive thinker and a profound student, 
has the courage of his convictions." 
iimo; $1, net; postage, 10 cents. 



The L t niversity of Virginia: Memo- 
ries of Her Student Life and Pro- 
fessors. By David M. R. Culbreth, 
M.D. This superb volume probably is 
the most notable of all the books that 
relate to educational institutions. Dr. 
Culbreth's work is not mere history, 
for it is more personal and intimate 
than mere history, but relates to the 
inner life. Large octavo, containing a 
quarter of a million words: illustrations; 
$5, net; postage, 26 cents. 



Oratory of the South from the Civ- 
il War to the Present Time. Com- 
piled by Prof. Edwin D. Shurter, Pro- 
fessor of Public Speaking, University of 
Texas, and author of Science and Art 
or Debate, which we publish, and which 
sells at $1.25, net; postage, IS cents. 
This volume contains orations by many 
notable Southerners such as Grady, Lee, 
Watterson, Carmack, McCabe, Gallo- 
way. A notable volume. Large octavo; 
$3, net ; postage, 20 cents. 



Norfolk Virginian-Pilot: "We have 
commended hitherto the service ren- 
dered to literature by this firm in the 
encouragement it has extended to au- 



thorship in the fields of history and bi- 
ography. Within a icw years past the 
works of this character issued from the 
Neale presses would form a valuable 
library of themselves." 

Be Ye Perfect. By Alice Hei r, 
Groser. A beautifully printed and well- 
arranged collection of brief devotional 

thoughts for daily use, selected from the 
writings of those that have been efficient 
factors in spreading the kingdom of 
Christ here on earth. Nashville Amer- 
ican: "Ihe selections are s,i exception 
ally well chosen, so appropriate and pr : 
ty. they make a volume of unusual in- 
terest." 161110; 50 cents, postpaid. 

Mosnv's Men. By John H. Alexan- 
der, of Moshy's command. St. Louis 
Republic: "The romantic flavor of the 
free lance, the lilt of the adventurer, and 
the bold freedom of the raider swing 
with a rhythmic ardor through Mosby's 
Men. It is a soldier book from the 
front to the back cover." Octavo; il- 
lustrated; $1.50, net; postage, 14 cents. 

The Stranger. By Col. J. E J. Cald- 
well. A novel. Atlanta Georgian: 

"There have been a number of 1 ks 

dealing with Reconstruction, among them 
Red Rock, by Thomas Nelson Page, and 
The Clansman, by Thomas Dixon; 
but The Stranger is a better, fairer pen 
picture of the Reconstruction period than 
any of its literary predecessors." 121110; 
$1.50, postpaid. 

Waterloo. By Thomas E. Wat- 
son. New edition, printed from new 
plates, containing much important new 
matter." New York Herald: "The au- 
thor's vivid style suits bis subject." 
Baltimore Sun: "Many historians, nov- 
elists, biographers have striven to tell 
the story of Napoleon's tragic defeat at 
the battle of Waterloo, hut no writer has 
ever written a more thrilling account 
of that overthrow of the French forces 
and the vanquishing of the man of des- 
tiny than Thomas F.. Watson." 121110; 
frontispiece; $1, net; postage, 10 cents. 

Johnny Red and Billy Yank. By 
Alexander Hunter, for two years a foot 
soldier in Pickett's Division, for two 
years a member of the celebrated Black 
Horse Cavalry. A book of soldiering by 
a soldier — the inner life of the private 
soldier of the Confederate Army. Bal- 
timore Sun: "He has produced not only 
a veracious account of what he saw and 
heard, but he has produced a piece of 
work worthy of the name of literature." 
Large octavo; illustrated; $2, net; post- 
age, 25 cents. 



THE 



ALE, PUBILHSMnNG CO 

suiMaimg- Mew Y©n=lKl 4311 JOeveE&GBa §<U 



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Indianapolis Star: "The Neale Pub- 
lishing i i impany is doing ;i public sen 
ici in iis publication of its series of 

i i m the South." 



The Life \nd Servici oi l"iix New- 
land Mai-iim. By Emma Turner Maf- 
litl, his w idow. An able i >ffii i r, fear- 
iiii Maffitt while in 
i ommand of the Florida and the ram 
maiic rendered gri at ervii 
onf del ai - Largi octavo; illus- 
$3, net; ] tage, s nts, 

aIoohf.'s History of the States — 
1 1 1 1 n vnd Oi herw [se. Bj Judge 
( li.ii 1, - I XI... ire This Virginian's 
fame as humorist, satirist, wit, racon 
teur extends beyond these Stati - thai 
id otherw ise." I his boi ik 
is a pocket th< ater ai d a merrj gi i- 
round in one. Yet, while the ri 
laughs as he reads ea< h page, he know s 
that t In ^ "history" is a searching criti- 
cism. Here is unblinking honesty, with 
mi sparing criticism i if m( n and mi itiv< - 
and events. i2mo; $1.50, net; postage, 
rS c< nts. 

M rgan's Cavalry. By Gen Basil 
W. I kike, h hi 1 5UO ei ded to Morgan's 
command upon the death of Morgan. 
" rhis book is distinct- 
K .1 militarj history, but a militan his- 
torj built mi unconventional lines, punc- 
1 with anecdote and aglow with 
human interest." Large octavo; illus- 
trat d; ?-'■ net ; postagi . [8 cents. 

Ned, Nigger wi> GenYman. Bj 
Judge Norman G. Kittrell. In Texas, 
where Judge Kittrell is widely known 
mil greatlj beloved, an announcement of 

iln in i\ el "I war daj - and Re< 1 msl rue 
lion 1- not necesary. rexans already 
havi the in i\ 1 1. rhe success of the 
book led i" its dramatization, and as a 
plaj ii was a success from the nun it 
Was first produced. i2mo; $1,511. post 
paid. 

I 1 1 >R. S vMUl 1 \. Mudd. Con- 

tainii •.- In. I. in 1 - from Fort Jefferson, 
I In 1 1 irtugas I -land, « In 1 • he w a - im 
pi 1 1 med four years for allegi d ci mi 
p . in tin assassination of Vbra 

I in.' In. with statements of Mrs. 
Samuel A Mudd, Dr. Samuel A. Mud. I. 
ami I dward Spanglcr regarding thi 

.iln ill, anil with till Cllt I if 

General Kwing on the question of juris- 

II 1 1 ill. militan commission a\'\ 
mi the law .mil facts 1 if tin case, ai I 

« nli 1I1. "1 Han " 1 if Ji ihn Will, - 

Boi .Hi I rlitcd l'\ Nettie Mudd, his 

ter. \\ ith a preface by D. 1.1- 



dridge Monroe, of the Baltimore bar. 

I .11 ge ' "in o : illustrated ; $.}, net ; po 
agi . jo cents. 

Portland : "H igh standards 

have been reached bj this house in the 
fields of Southern history and bio 
phy, and the result is that discrinini it 
ing readers can reach well balanced 
conclusions, instead of one-sided argu- 
ments mi Vmerican history, s,, far as 
Si luthi 1 11 ire concerned " 

\ si 1 . 1 \ 1 1 , \ -. hi 1; Ham 11 roN. 
By I . 11 1 ! «, of the Li mi \ ille 

bar. 'I his able Southern lawyer con- 
tends 1l1.il 1 lainili.ni wa in. 1 el} a "mor- 
al idiot," a ci in upl 1 iffii ial, a speculator 
in Treasury warrants while he was Sec- 
retary of the ["reasury, a notorious 
adulterer, and thoroughlj corruot in his 
pri\ ate life. I he "v indication" that 
Hamilton published is quoted at length 
— the "vindication" in which Hamilton 
endeavored t.i show that the large sums 
that he paid t" Reynolds were not com- 
missions upon illicit traffic in l 

ury warrants, hut fees that were pai I 
i" Reynolds fur being iierniiii.il in dc- 

li.'iuch his wife. The character of the 

man that was one ol the bitterest 1 if 

the enemies .if tin- Snllllli'lll Si. lies is 

Inr. hand, uui..; $i, net; postage, 10 
cents. 

'I iif Lone Stau DEFF\nr.R.s. By Lieut. 
S. B. Barron, of the Third Texas Cav- 
alry. A chronicle of Ross's Brigade. 
Dallas News: "The work from start 
to finish is compelling, filled with hu- 
man interest; not because of beautiful 
and thrilling word pictures, not be- 
cause in argument or moralizing, hut 
use it is a graphic and obviously 
truthful picture of a soldier's life." Oc- 
tavo ; $_'. net; postage, iS cents. 

Major-General J. E. P.. Stuart. 
By Judge Theodore S. Garnett, his aide- 
nil). This book is mainly the ad- 
dress that Judge Garnett delivered at the 

lime the statue "I I il neial Stuart w is 

unveiled in Richmond, Maj 30, 1007. 
This volume is the result of many 
of study of Stuart's military operations. 
[61110; $1, net; postage, io cents. 

Recollections of \ Naval Life, In- 
cluding the cruises of the Confederate 
States steami rs Sumter and Alal 
Bj Capl John Mackintosh Kill. I 
utixi Officer of the Sumter and of the 
Alabama. Nautical Gasette: "X" 
tribution to naval historj made within 
1 years is so distinctly important 
as this volume." ' *ci.i\ ; frontispiece ; 
$_•; postage, 15 cents. 



Columbia State: "This firm, though 
it has moved its main office right ii to 
the heart of New York City, in 
Flatiron Building [eight years ago], 
not forgotten it- true friend hip for the 
South. Indeed, il is the only publi Ii 
ing house in New York or elsewhere 
that maki s .1 specialty of Southern 

I ks and author,. The Wales are 

doing a notable work in this field." 

Southern Pri . Leaders. Bj 

Rev. I I' 1 rj M.x.ii.l -r While. D I 
graduat. oi \\ ashi ;toi ar.d I .ee Uni- 
vei itj and I inion ; h ol. meal Semi 
nary, formerlj Professor of Historj in 
Washington and Lee University, now 
Professor of Histi iry in the 'I heologi 
cal Seminary, Columbia, S. (". and a 
writer of distinction. Probablj 

oilier 111,111 was so well lilted as Dr. 
White for the preparation of this ad 

mirable work. Large octavo; illustrat- 
ed ; $.5 : p. tage, 20 cents. 

A Virginia Feud. Bj George Tayloi 

Lee. This is a storj of Virginian life. 

tory of a mountain lass, bj the 

nephew if Gen. Robert K. Lee. I he 

autln a", in iw ait' 'I'.'. For Ji ihi si m ( in . 

I . nil., in this bi iol< has told a storj 
that will particularly please those that 
are rounding out their three score years 
and ten. [2mo ; $1.50, postpaid 

Till.; SPIRI 1 "i 1 in S01 1 it By ('"I. 
William II. Stewart. C. S. A. I Ins 
volume 1 , pi. mi- ill. ..1 ale ins, the es 

says, and the speeches of ihis noted 
Virginian. So valuable is the hook thai 
it is taught in the public school-- ..1 
Virginia, although it was not intended 
as a text hook, uinn: $1.50, net: post- 
age, id cents. 

\ Sun, i\ Southern Poetry. By 
Henry Jerome Stockard, President of 
Pi ,1. . [nstitute, Raleigh, and a poet 1 it 
distinction. This hook, by far the most 
comprehensive of the anthologies of 
Southern poetry, is also a text hook 
for use in the schoolroom, the library, 
and in the study. Large oci.no; $-'.50. 
net ; postage, 20 cents. 

Write for catalogues and circulars 
ih. it describe hundreds of other impor 
taut Southern bo 

Omaha World-Herald: "Among tin 

Southern writers "f the United State- 
there is none perhaps thai couij. 

with Waller Neale in championing 1!" 

cause of iln- South and her traditions 
Mr. Xeal.- is a forceful, virile essayist 
and iio\ . list, ever rcadj to \\ ield his 
trenchant pen l"r the Southern people' 



ME NEAILJL PUBILISEMNG COMPANY 

Fisv<ta>©m\ BtLaaMiiagg!, New York 4$H Oeveiratllh S4.„ WasMiraggflora 



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Qoofederat^ l/eteran. 



We Have Erected Over One Hundred 

Monuments to the Confederate 

Dead lor U. D. C. Chapters 

^- WHY? ^ 

Because our plans, furnished free of charge, enable U. D. 
C. Chapters to succeed. What we have done for others 
we can do for you. 

Twenty years' experience in the manufacture of monu- 
ments, the expenditure of thousands upon thousands of 
dollars in developing a state of perfection in material, de- 
sign, and workmanship, and a willingness to spend thou- 
sands more to improve them where they can be found 
capable of improvement justify us in asking your confi- 
dence in our statement that we offer the best monuments 
that money, brains, and machinery can produce. 

Business prudence and an honest desire to deal fairly 
and in good faith with the public enable us to say that 
we do not want any one's money without giving satisfac- 
tory service in return. This is our unvarying position, 
our guarantee. It cannot be made stronger. 

Write us for designs, plans, and prices. 



THE McNEEL MARBLE COMPANY 

Marble and Granite 



The Largest Dealers in the South 



MARIETTA, GA. 



IHH^^HMKRHH^H9s 






DEPARTMENT COMMANDERS 





/// 







Spanish American War Veterans imp 



ii.rtin, Michigan. James H. McCllhtock, Ariaona. Wilder S. Metcalf, Kaoais Ow n Summers. Oregon. J V. Nemii/., A isi 

Wylie Jones South Carolina Leonai.l W. Colby, Nebraska. Ambrose Httgins, Pennsylvania. W B. Humphrey. loua. 

Webster, Florida. |amea 11. Uoyd, New York. W. j. Witthorne, Tennessee. Vi.gil Y. Cook, Arkausas. Frauk E Rolling Xc» Had 




ICIAL BADGE. 

igth of American arms 
:s from the soldiers' 
ie women the}' left be- 

" boys of '98 " were 
Dnt," their mothers, 
3, and other patriotic 
;d themselves together, 

societies, raised funds 
they purchased choice 
ther delicacies of the 
ry comrades who were 
arious army hospitals 
:r the generous acts of 
ed women, some of 
iteered and served as 

Spanish- American War 
sociation was organized 
:h former comrades in 
d help and protection, 
rid needful aid to the 
orphans of those who 
these same women vol- 
;ir services and have 
imable service to the 
lie T3.-A. W. V. and 
largely in their high 
ssion, and their noble 
iiy. 

it was learned that the 
of the Spanish-Amer- 
terans was assured, the 
of Ladies' Auxiliaries 
Ie. Some of the organ- 
ed in '98 were by com- 
t recognized as auxil- 
various Camps of the 

ggling for months, the 
iity of working without 
/as demonstrated. The 
f a national auxiliary 
, and finally on Novem- 
1, a number of distin- 
nen met at Trenton, 



ah hbmsi sueii soldiers, sailors ami 
marines of the Spanish- American and 
Philippine wars as need our help and pro- 
tection, and to extend ueedfnl aid to their 
widows and orphans. To rind them 
homes and employment, and assure them 
of sympathy and friends. To cherish and 
emulate the deeds of enr army nurses, 
and of all loyal women who rendered lov- 
ing service to our country in its hour of 
danger. 

To maintain true allegiance to the 
United States of America; to inculcate 
lessons of patriotism and love of country 
among our children and in the communi- 
ties in which we live; and encourage the 
spread of universal liberty and equal 
rights to all. 

Eligibility. — All loyal women, mothers, 
wives, sisters and lineal female descend- 
ants (sixteen years of age or over) of 
honorably discharged soldiers, sailors and 
marines of the Spanish. -American or 
Philippine wars, and ex-army nurses, of 
good moral character and correct deport- 
ment are eligible to membership. 

Ten or more qualified persons may 
form a Camp. Such Camps will be 
chartered by order of the President- 
General, upon application to the Secre- 
tary-General, accompanied by a charter 
fee of five dollars. 

OFFICERS. 



President-General— Mrs. Richard Henry 
Savage, New York. 

Sr. Vice-President- General — Mrs. (Ad- 
miral) John W. Philip, California. 

Jr. Vice- President- General— Miss Anna 
Wheeler, Alabama 

Secretary General — Mrs. William 0. Lil- 
ler, Lancaster, Pa. 

Treasurer-General— Mrs. Harry C. Valen- 
tine, Trenton, New Jersey. 

Inspector-General— Mrs. Wm. E. English, 
Indiana. 

Counsellor-General— Mrs. Etta Greene, 

•Illinois. 

Chaplain General— Miss Jennie E. Munk, 
Oregon. 

National Council of Administration — 
Mrs. Mary C. Lawron, Louisville, 
Ky.: Mrs Mary C. .Fife, Tacoma, 
Wash; Miss Clara - Barton, Glen 
Echo, Md. 

Honorary Member— Mrs. William Mc- 
Kinley.'Canton, Ohio. 

Of the three leading officers it 
may be said that Mrs. Richard 
Henry Savage aided in the social 
organization of the Second U. S. V. 
Engineers at Fort Sheridan, and 
for two years, with energy and suc- 
cess, guided the 'American Volun- 
teer Army and Navy Aid Society 
of New York in its extensive labors. 
Mrs. Savage is a woman of remark- 
able energy and self devotion. Mrs. 
John W. Philip, the relict of the 
heroic Admiral Philip, seconded her 
noble husband in his labors in peace 



QtJfy'K JetfeFa?, ^Virs. 

Liller, Lancaster, Pa. 



William <J. 



Khaki. 

From tne Army and Navy Journal. 

An officer on duty in the Philip- 
pines, as a result of his experience, 
sends us some suggestions, to which 
the military authorities would do 
well to take heed. Concerning the 
uniform question he says : I would 
like to see but two uniforms for }he 
army, viz., full dress and khaki. 
There is no uniform so business- 
like, comfortable, durable and com- 
mon sense as khaki. It does not 
show the dirt, it is essentially the 
only uniform for field service, it is 
cool in summer and warm in winter 
— if proper materials are used. We 
have so far only used it for field 
service in a tropical or semi-trop- 
ical climate. The British use it for 
service in Northern India, where 
the thermometer goes down to zero 
or less, and find it very satisfactory. 
Why shouldn't it be ? The 
trouble with the khaki uniform is 
that we are accustomed to see it fit- 
ting our men like meal sacks, so 
that it resembles overalls for a por- 
ter in a grocery house. The khaki 
can be made in very attractive 
form, and for both enlisted men 
and officers. I have no desire to 
laud everything British at the best, 
but their soldiers, clad in khaki, 
were certainly the neatest appearing 
troops in China. It is enough to 
say that the British enlisted men's 
uniforms fit them as well as the 
American offictrs' fit, and at a lit- 
tle distance British Soldiers were 
often mistaken by us for officers. 
The day of gaudy uniforms has 
passed, and what is needed pri- 
marily is an attractive working uni- 
form for every day. The dark 
blue uniform, although associated 
with a sentiment which is still 
strong in every heart, is in this 
work-a-day age out of date, except 
for parade. The art of war has be- 
come the science of war, and should 
be shorn of the tinsel which would 



of Canada; bounded 
the Gulf of Mexico; 
cast by the Atlantic 
cd on the west by the 

When he was seat 
the far west stood up 
to America: bounded 
the North Pole; boun 
by the South Polo; 
east and west by the 1 
sun." Scarcely was 1 
raw-boned Kentucki 
clearing his throat, s 
ed on the north by t 
lis: bounded on the s 
able pride, "Here's to 
cession of the eqtiino 
the east by primeval ( 
ed on the west by t 
ment." 

[We are indebted 
Hobson, U. S. N., for 
he, in turn, obtained 
hugh Lee, U. S. A.] 



mm 

AND RE 
FRO 

Cincin 



RE-Uh 



Spanish-/! 

WarVe 




Tickets on sale Se 
Good until Sept. 25, ] 



4LUXURI01 



in rl n?or Hf^rr.* 1 <■» rr l-..-.-^ , if j-~ 





FIFTY YEARS AFTER INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT JEFFERSON DAVIS 
Decorated portrait on the spot. By the picture, first, Gen. Geo. P. Harrison; next in 

rear, Dr. Thomas M. Owen; and next, in front, Gov. Emmet A. O'Neal. 

Report of this and dedication of President Davis Monument, New Orleans, April issue. 



9 8 



C^opf edera t<^ l/eteran. 



Confederate 

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buttons. The best uniform at the price to be 

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We make special terms for outfitting whole 
camps. 

I F l/V'Q Third and 

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MEYER'S MILITARY SHOP 

Dept. B, 1231 Pennsylvsnia, Ave., N. W. 
Washington, - D. C. 



NEAT and NOBBY are the UNIFORMS 

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CONFEDERATE VETERANS 
Have YOU Seen It? Its Yours for the Asking 

THE PETTIBONE BROS. MFG. GO. 

CINCINNATI 



W. A. Lamb, Route I, Salem, Ala., 
would like to correspond with any old 
comrades who were with him in prison 
at Point Lookout during the winter of 
1863-64. He says he is thankful that 
he did not freeze to death then. He 
was a member of the 6th Alabama Regi- 
ment. 



Hardy Rhyne, of Cartersville, Ga., 
makes inquiry of Andrew Hardy, who 
joined the Confederate army in 1861, 
and served in Captain Newton's com- 
pany from Fayette County, Ala. He was 
last heard from after leaving the hos- 
pital at Richmond, and was then starting 
to rejoin his company, which was on its 
way to Yorktown. 



Mr. Milton Bragg, of Harrison, W. 
Va., who served in Company F, 60th 
Virginia Regiment, would like to learn 
something of Lieut. James Caskey Ca- 
bell, of his company, and of Sergeant 
Smith, of Mississippi, and Allen Car- 
penter, of Louisiana, the last two of 
whom were at Camp Morton, Ind. Any 
other comrades who remember "Little 
Bragg" of Company F will confer a 
pleasure by writing to him as above. 



Rev. Robert A. Skinner, C. S. P., 
Winchester, Tenn., wishes to secure the 
volume of "Southern Bivouac" for 1886. 
It is hoped that some of our subscribe; s 
may be able to supply him. 



One Magazine 

OF 

General News 

Is indispensable to every per- 
son of intelligence 

The "one magazine" is CURRENT 
LITERATURE, because it alone sweeps 
the wnole field, of human tnought and 
action in both hemispheres. 

It contains a monthly review of the 
world's news; quotations from an-: com- 
ments on the pre^sof the world; numer- 
ous graphic cartoons and other illustra- 
tions; photographs and. biographic 
sketches of the conspicuous persona hi Lea 
of the mouth: th.j most recent advanc s 
in science and discovery ; 1 he notew< irthy 
events in religion, literature, and ari ; 
critical reviews of the best fiction, dra- 
matic, and urns cal works; a page of the 
best humor and a condensation of the 
leading play of the month. 

It gathers impartially from every field 
of human thought aiid activity those 
facts which are best worth knowing, and 
gives the reader a clear, well-defined, 
and illuminating view of what the whole 
world is doing. 

CURRENT LITERATURE 
for one year, $3.00 

With the VETERAN, $3.00 

Two magazines for the price of one 



FROM BULL RUN TO 
APPOMATTOX 

New edition .ju«t out. Greatly en- 
larged and improved. Many new 
and interesting illustrations. Price, 
Si. 10, iucluding postage. Will send a 
copy on approval to anv subsorib r 
to the Confederate Veteran. You 
will want this book for your library. 
Address the Author, 

LUTHER W. HOPKINS 
100 East Lexington Street 

BALTIMORE, MD. 





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of all kinds 


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of the General Order of the United Daughters 

of the Confederacy. Address 

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tj| To obtain efficiency in the re- 
sult, whether it be in the Station- 
ery, the Catalogue, the Litho- 
graphing, the Blank Books, or 
whatever task the printer may be 
called upon to perform, you must 
demand the best— HIGH-CLASS 
PRINTING. This we are pre- 
pared to produce by virtue of ex- 
perience, artisans employed, and 
equipment. €]J We g've thought to 
our productions. Write to us. We 
will be able to carry out your ideas or 
possiblv to suggest something new. 

BRANDON PRINTING GO. 



Nashville, 



Tenn. 




Confederate 
Veterans' 
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@wm< 



We are official manufacturers 
of uniforms ami goods you need. 
Bend for catalogue, <iur goo, is 
are strictly military and guaran- 
teed to (five entire satisfaction. 
Bend for cat a logue and prices. 

The M. C. Lilley & Co. 

Columbus, Ohio 



F'ox* Sale 



7 Thoroughbred Berkshire Hogs, for 

J' breeding purposes; all of highest 
tvpe and breeding. Transfer pa- 
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* Lookout Place Berkshire Farm 

CHATTANOOGA, TENN. 
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KU KLUX KLAN 

This booklet published by order of Missis- 
sippi Division U. D. O., to be sold and proceeds 
to go to the erection of a monument at 
Beauvolr. Miss, (home of Jefferson Davis), to 
the memory of Confederate Veterans, con- 
tains absolutely correct history of the origin 
of this famous Elan. Price, 26cts. each ; post- 
age, lc. for single copies, 3c. for six, 5c. for 
twelve, \ddress Mlis. f~. E. K. ItosK, lllsto 
rlan, Mississippi Division U. D. 0., Wesl 
Point, Miss. 



For Over Sixty Years 

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has beeo used ft 5TXTT TEARS h\ MILLIONS of MOTH- 
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Confederate Soldiers 

their widows ami children, who have claims for 

l)< ir-osnud iM|iii]nmMit.s tnk-n 1 1*« 111 t liesiiMii-r 1 y 
Federal troops, in violation of the terms ul his 

surrender, must flle same before May 30, 1911, 
or they will in- forever barred* The undersigned 
prosecutes these claims; ma k s no charge unless 

the claim is allowed : 26 percent if collected. 
Renpectfollv', 
W. L. JETT, Attorney, Frankfort, Ky. 



Pt |T A C NESS and Head Noises 
tJ CMb Cured by NewDiscovery 

With thiswonderfo] Bcientiflodisooverylhave 
made people who have been deal for years hear 
tii.- 1 1< k of a watch in a few minutes, rnrr 
WBXTB T« »-i»av for B" »« >K and P» K)F ■ "tt 

DR. GUY CLIFFORD POWELL, "g^Sfr- 



John If. Levy, 445 Wetmore Avenue, 
Columbus, Ohio, wants Volume I. 
(1893) of the Veteran in good condi- 
tion suitable for binding. Kindly write 
him. mentioning price. 



William D. Bouldin, of Trenton, Ky.. 
asks for information of Jim Hutchin- 
son, of the 8th Virginia Infantry, with 
whom he was in prison at Point Look- 
out, .Md. He thinks lie belonged to 
Company C or D of that regiment. 



R. C. Lipsey, of Lexington, Miss., 
wants to get the names of those who 
belonged to the "University Grays," a 
company of the nth Mississippi Regi- 
ment, which company was enlisted at 
Oxford, Miss., and made up of students 
from almost every Southern State. 



George C. Pendleton, of Temple, Tex., 
writes that the widow of L. B. Joyce, 
who served in Lee Phillips's company. 
Brooks's Regiment. Arkansas Infantry, 
would like to hear from his old com- 
rades who can testify as to his service 
for the Confederacy, as he needs a pen- 
sion. 



R. F, Vaughan, of Fairview, Ky., needs 
the following numbers of the Veteran 
to complete his tile, and will appreciate 
hearing from those who can supply them, 
stating condition and price asked : 1893. 
January. February, .March. April, May. 
July; 1894, January. December; 1895. 
April. 

Mrs. II. M. Earle, of Benton, Ark 
(formerly Miss Henrietta X. Brockman, 
of Greenville, S. C.), wishes to find the 
banner she presented to her brother's 
"The Brockman Guards," 
Company B, 13th Regiment, S. C. V., at 
Lightwood Knot Springs, near Colum- 
bia. S. C. August, [861. Any informa- 
tion will be gratefully received and 
highly appreciated 



Mrs M. Powell, 1704 Beach Street, 
Houston. Tex., wishes to prove her 
husband's war record, and ask tl 
surviving comrades will kindly write 
to her what they remember of Frank 
M. Powell, who belonged ipany 

C, 6th Mississippi Cavalry. ! 
rendered .a Citronelle, Ala.. May 1 
and was paroled at Gainesville 01 
12th of May. His residence 
West Point, Miss. 



IOO 



Qot^federat^ l/eterao. 



- 



THE AVERAGE MAN 

Wants a steady income, good health, friends, and a happy home. 

He is more certain to have all of the?.e if he is prudent in the "way he handles his 
money. If he saves, he will finally receive enough income from his bank account to 
be of material assistance to him in meeting his usual obligate ns. 

Saving will relieve him of worry, raise ) iin in the estimation of friends, and 
eventually enable him to own his own home and provide liberally for his family. 

§1 opens an account in this bank which pays 3$ interest per annum. 

THE AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK, Nashville, Tenn. 

"The Only Million-Dollar National Bank in Tennessee" 
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS 6 TO S 



The 
Liverpool 
and London 
and Globe 
Insurance 
Company 



TTTWwiBMnnraM 

Has endeavored during its 
service of fifty-eight years 
in the United States to ex- 
emplify the definition of 
the words "to insure"— 
viz., "to make certain or 
secure." Every loss claim- 
ant insured in this Com- 
pany and affected by the 
serious conflagrations in 
this and other countries 
will, we believe, testify to 
the sense of security they 
experience in possessing 
our policies and of satis- 
faction at our settlements. 



m 


I Am the Custodian 


o£ the Official U. C. 


V. Society Button 


which only Confederate Veterans 
who are members of U. C. V. Camps 
and their wives and daughters are en- 
titled to wear; same may be had by 
writing me and inclosing the price of 
same. Gold, $i ; plated, 50 cents each. 

J. F. SHIPP, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Quartermaster General, United Con- 
federate Veterans 



Dk. ISAAC THOMPSON'S 
Celebrated EYE WATER 

has Veen in constant use for over 100 years. If 
you're buttering trom weak, inflamed, or sore 
eyes in any tonn, its use will be of inestimable 
benefit. As a da ly toilet article it is indispen- 
sable. Fur Sale tiu all Druggists. Price, 25c. 
Write for set of Allegorical Art Pictures PliEE. 
JOHN L. THO -PSON, SONS & COMPANY 
159-3 RIVER ST., TROY, W. Y. 



I 8 


ORDER Your 
C. S. A. Grave 
Markers Now 

so you will have 
them on Decora- 
tion Day. Price, 
25 cents each, in 
lots of 50 or more. 

William H. Binge 

Franklin, Pa. 



LET ME DO YOUR SHOPPING 

No matter what you want — street suit, weddirjj 
trousseau, reception or evening gown— INE3C 
PENSIVE, or handsome and costly— send for my 
samples and estimates before placing your or- 
der. With my years' experience in shopping 
my knowledge of styles— being in tonch with 
the leading fashion centers— my conscientious 
handling or each and every order, whether large 
or small— I know I can please you. 

MRS CHARLES ELLISON, 607 Atherton Bldg., Louisville, Ky 



The Direct Route to 

Washington 
Baltimore 
Philade' hia 
New York and 
all Eastern Cities 
from the South 
and Southwest 
Is via Bristol and the 

Norfolk & 
Western Ry 

Through Trains 
Sleepers, Dining Car 

Best Route to 

Richmond 
Norfolk, and al ■ 
Virginia Points 

WARREN L. ROHR. Western Passenger Agent 
Chattanooga Tenn. 

W. B. BEViLL General Passenger Agent 
Roanoke, Va. 



A. J. Hord, of Dalton, Ga., asks that 
any surviving members of Company K, 
19th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry, of 
Company H, 3d Consolidated Tennessee 
Infantry, will kindly write to him. 



Capt. John E. Roller, of Harrison- 
burg, Va., wishes the number of Trot- 
wood Magazine for Cctober, 1906. This 
was before the consolidation with the 
Taylor Magazine. Any who can fur- 
nish this will oblige by writing to him 
direct. 



Mrs. H. S. Maddox, of Trion, Ga., 
will appreciate hearing from surviving 
comrades of her husband, Henry S. 
Maddox, who was sergeant of Company 
B, of the 3d Louisiana, known as ti'e 
"Crescent Blues," and commanded by 
Capt. McG. Goodwin. She needs infor- 
mation of his service in order to se- 
cure a pension. 



J. R. Paddison, of Mount Airy, N. C , 
wishes to hear from some surviving 
comrades of his brother, E. W. Paddi- 
son, who was living in Florida when 
•he war opened and volunteered in a 
Florid regiment and served through the 
war in a Western regiment. He \'- 
turned to Memphis, Tenn.. after the 
war closed, and died in that city some 
vears afterwards. 



Qopfederate l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Contributors are requested to use only one side of the paper, and to abbrevi- 
ate *b much as practicable. These suggestions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the Veteran cannot un- 
dertake to return them. Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month before it ends. For 
tutance, if the Veteran is ordered to begin with January, the date on mail 
Mftt will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



The civil war was too long ago to be called the late war, and when cor- 
■pondents use that term " War between the States" will be substituted. 
The terms "New South" and " lost cause" are objectionable to the Veteran. 



OFFICIALLY REPRESENTS: 

United Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters ok the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans, and Other Organizations, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association. 

The Veteran Is approved and Indorsed officially by a larger and m 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in existence. 

Though men deserve, they may not win success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Prick. $1.1x1 per Year, \ 
Binole Copy 1U Cents, \ 



Vol. XIX. 



NASHVILLE, TENN., MARCH, 1911. 



No. 3- J 



8. A. CUNNINGHAM 
Proprietor 



LEADING ARTICLES FOR MARCH. 

Alabama Division, U. D. C \<'l. 

North Carolina Monuments nrj 

"Let the Conquered Banner Wave" 103 

Two Families with 117 Descendants 103 

Editorial 104 

Comment on John Brown 104 

Name of the Great War 105 

Confederate Memorial Institute.... 106 

Monument at Liberty, Miss 108 

Arlington Monument Contributions 109 

I). A. R. in Philadelphia mm 

Batik- Fishing Creek, "Zollie Tree" 11 1 

Appomattox (Virginia F. Boyle)... 1 1 r 

Homage to Dixie 112 

Sentiment of Union Veteran 1 13 

Deed of Monument to Sons of Camp 114 

Mai. J. W. Anderson, a Virginian.. [lO 

Maj, J. W. Johnston, a Virginian.. 117 

Trials with Gen. J. II Morgan. .118 u: 

Monument .' L'oint Lookout, Md... 123 

Stampede of IV, < .dry 124 

How Washington Unveils a Statue t_'4 

Crossing River Under Difficulties.. 126 

Atlanta Spirit in Oklahoma 127 

Last Roll 128 [36 

Errors in Sketch of M. II. Smith.. 130 

In tln-sr tables of contents there are 
many omissions of shorl articli - as im- 
portant as the list published Many eon 
tributors whose articles are in type are 
asked to indulge patience. These papers 
will appear as soon as practicable. 



■ 


Jr. 4* 


■ 1 
- 




At . 
tf - 




>*^ p^'W-f- 


^^Li^i^L^rfB^ 





MEMBERSHIP SUPREME COURT UNITED STATES 

Top row: Willis Van Devanter (Indiana, 1859), Wyoming; Horace H. Linton (Kentucky, 
J844), Tennessee; Clias. E. Hughes(iS62), New York; Jos. R. Lamar (1857), Georgia. 

Bottom row: Oliver W. Holmes (1841), Massachusetts; J. M. Harlan (1833), Kentucky; 
F.dw. I). White (1845), Chief Justice, Louisiana; Jos. MrK< una ( 1*43"), California; Wm. R. 
Day (1849), Ohio, [First picture of entire Court made in fifteen ve;irs. | 

The ages show the range from 78 1049, Harlan being the oldest and Hughes the youngest. 
Salary of Chief Justice, .^13.000; other members, ?i2,<;oo. 

Two of the Justices, I.urton and Hay, were of the U. S, Circuit Court of Appeals in the 
famous libel suit against the Editor of the Veteran, which court decided in his favor. 
[Republished because of interior print in b'ebruary.J 



PRU /-.s OF U. D. C. , 

Mrs. V F. McSherry, President General U. I' C, sends the 

following notice from Mrs I . II. Raines, Chairman Insignia 
Committee : 

"All U, D. C ba re now made of solid gold and all 

of the same si/e, the onlj difference being that one has a bar 

All have safetj catches. Orders mu from presidents 



of Chapters. No badges will be sent to individuals P 
.links will be returned. Send by money order, with 
cents added for registry fee. Otherwi 1 badgi 
by express." 
In connection with this the President General "We 

had such a time about the prices of the badges hat wc 

thought best to have all of pure gold. Infei 

si >Id a little cheapi 



102 



Qoj}federat$ Ueterai), 



ALABAMA DIVISION, U. D. C. 

BY MRS. LETITIA DOWDELL ROSS, PRESIDENT ALABAMA 
DIVISION, U. D. C, AUBURN, ALA. 

Dear Daughters: May the year 191 1, which marks the fiftieth 
anniversary of the birth of the Southern Confederacy in the 
old capitol at Montgomery, bring to you not only precious 
memories of the historic past, of which you are justly proud, 
but may this important anniversary arouse in the heart of 
every Daughter a renewed interest in and loyalty to the Con- 
federacy, and may the pledges made to the great and praise- 
worthy work of the Alabama Division, U. D. C, be remem- 
bered and redeemed! 

In Montgomery in the historic capitol on February 18, under 
the auspices . of his Excellency, Gov. Emmet O'Neal, and of 
all the patriotic organizations located in the capital city, the 
fiftieth anniversary of the inauguration of Jefferson Davis, the 
first and only President of the Confederate States, was cele- 
brated with fitting ceremonies. [Report of event in April is- 
sue of the Veteran.] 

The Historian of the Alabama Division, Mrs. Alberta Tay- 
lor, of Huntsville, hoping to awaken an interest and to stimu- 
late the Chapters to greater zeal in historical research, "offered 
a medal for the best poem, essay, or Confederate war reminis- 
cence to be written by a member of the Alabama Division and 
sent in by March 15, 191 1. These must be typewritten and 
sent to the Division Historian in good time to reach the judges, 
who will be selected by the President. These productions 
will be judged on their literary merit, and will be published 
later at the discretion of the historical committee." 

The Historian has gotten out a most attractive and helpful 
yearbook which she is sending to the Chapters. A nominal 
charge of ten cents is made for this booklet in order to par- 
tially defray the expense of printing. 

A scholarship at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., which 
includes tuition valued at $150, with the additional amount 
of $350 for maintenance contributed by the U. D. C, is offered 
to the Alabama Division for the year 1911-12 by the General 
Division, U. D. C. All applicants for this scholarship must be 
at least seventeen years of age, must be able to pass the en- 
trance examination, must be a lineal descendant of a Confed- 
erate veteran, and must be indorsed by the President of the 
Alabama Division and by Mrs. C. C. Thach, Chairman of the 
Committee on Education of the Division, and must file her ap- 
plication with these indorsements and with her certificates or 
diplomas with Miss Mary B. Poppenheim, Chairman of the 
Committee on Education of the General U. D. C, 31 Meeting 
Street, Charleston, S. C, not later than April I. Send by 
March 15 all applications with Confederate record to your 
President for the official indorsement of Mrs. Thach and her- 
self, and she will forward all data to the Chairman, Miss 
Poppenheim. A list of the places at which examinations are 
to be held by the board of Vassar College will be published in 
all papers about March 1, and the examination will be held 
in June. 

Send to the Vassar College Entrance Examination Board, 
Substation 84, New York, for blank application. 

Your President requests each Chapter to have an entertain- 
ment before May for the endowed scholarship fund. 



we one man who can fairly be called a first-class general in 
the proper meaning of the term? 

"Before this war broke out it was the prevailing opinion in 
military circles, more or less inspired by General Scott, that 
'Bob Lee,' now commander in chief of the Rebel army, was 
the ablest strategist in our service. He had been chief of 
staff to the conqueror of Mexico. Next to him Albert S. 
Johnston, who commanded our expedition to Utah and was 
killed on the battlefield of Shiloh, was understood to rank in 
point of military capacity. But it was doubted by General 
Scott whether either of these two men or any other officer in 
the service was capable of maneuvering 50,000 men." 



ABOUT A GENERAL FOR THE U. S. ARMY. 

The following is an exact copy of an editorial in Harper's 
Weekly dated Saturday, January 17, 1863: 

"Have we a general among us? They say at Washington 
that we have some thirty-eight to forty major generals and 
nearly three hundred brigadiers, and now the question is, have 




MONUMENT AT CLINTON, S. C. 

The Stephen D. Lee Chapter, United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, dedicated a Confederate monument at Clinton, S. C, 
January 19. 191 1. Not observable in the picture, there is 
•carved on the base of the monument: "Lest We Forget." The 
cost of the monument was $1,600. [Picture received from 
Mrs. R. Z. Wright.] 

NORTH CAROLINA MONUMENTS. 

A communication of over a year ago turns up which refers 
to the "preposterous misstatement" in the Veteran concern- 
ing a report of monuments in North Carolina. It is on page 
507 of the October issue for 1909. This was just after what 
was regarded as a fatal illness of the Editor. 

The President of the U. D. C. Division wrote the Observer 
as follows: "In an editorial in the Observer of to-day my at- 
tention was called to the very great error made in the Vet- 



Qopfederat^ l/etera.;. 



103 



eran regarding the number of monuments to Confederate sol- 
diers in North Carolina — monuments erected to the privates, 
not to individual officers. In the report of the Historian of 
the North Carolina Division, U. D. C, for 1909 is given a 
list of monuments erected to soldiers in the State, and even 
this is imperfect, but it shows that they have been erected 
at the following places: Raleigh, 3; Washington, 2; Fayette- 
ville. 2; Ashcville, 3; and one each at those other towns, 
Charlotte, Newbern, Edenton, Lumberton, Wilmington, 
Shelby, Tarboro, Greenville, with funds being raised for sec- 
ond; one in Concord, Pittsboro, Winston-Salem, Wcldon, 
Statesvillc, Thomasville, Wadesboro, Red Springs, Lexington, 
Newton, Goldsboro, Kinston, Chicora, Salisbury, Oxford, Co- 
lumbus, Franklin, Besides these, Reidsville, Monroe, Lenoir, 
and Henderson have given out the contracts for theirs, and 
will unveil this spring. Lincolnton has a memorial hall and 
High Point a hospital as monuments to the Confederate sol- 
diers in their counties. Tarboro is raising money for a foun- 
tain in that town in memory of our 'First at Bethel,' Henry 
1. Wyatt, and there is not a Chapter of the U. D. C. in North 
Carolina that is not working to erect a monument where 
thej have none. * * Soon every county will have a 

monument to speak in stone and bronze to coming generations 
of the grandest of the grand, the Confederate veterans of the 
Did North State." 

Since the foregoing progress has been made and several 
monuments have been completed, there is a degree of chagrin 
in this criticism. It is late to mention it now, except to point 
a moral. North Carolina is the only State in which a veteran 
has been reported as using his influence against the publica- 
tion His name is not recalled. But it is grievous that any 
man who wore the gray is not endeavoring to help the Vet- 
eran rather than injure it. An official complaint is made 
from his Camp for the return of an article on the Sherman 
controversy of last year of which this ofhee knows nothing. 



cent people and sent the proceeds of bis raids to his family." 
Much more she added, giving instances of his atrocities; hut 
the above amply suffices to confirm the absolute correctness of 
Colonel I .earnard's point of view. 



- OMMENT UPON CHARACTER OF JOHN BROWS. 
The Chicago Continent of January 10. ton. under the 
rig, "A Lamentably Poor Sort of Hero," says: "There 
is a good deal of justice in the hot protest which Col. Henry 
Watterson makes in his article in the North American Review 
against the glorification of old John Broun, of Ossawatomie. 
,i~ a national hero. It is a perilous matter for any American 
citizen to hcroizc Brown before his boys, for Brown was prac- 
tically everything that a modern American citizen should not 
want his sons to be. Even Brown's religion was a sorry typi 
lull of vengeance ami vacant of love, and his citizenship was 
vastly more undesirable than that of most of the anarchists 
who :n ominated by the populace today. The senti 

mentality which has made a patriotic martyr out of this very 
vicious murderer is but a cheap imitation of really sound and 
virile patriotism." 

O MMI \ r BY MRS. T. 11 1;. BALTIMORE. 
In confirmation of Colonel I. earnard's interesting article on 

"John Brown, of Kansas," in the February Veteran, page 

58, 1 would like to quote the words of one of Brown's own 
relatives living in New York State. In conversation with an 

ii friend of mine regarding a recently published eulogium 
of the man in question she said: "The author is, I hear, a 
well meaning young lady; but she does not know what she is 
talking about when she writes such twaddle. If people wait 

•o know what John Brown was. they should come i" those 

\ho knew him and are related to him. as I am lie wis a 
ooded villain, a murderer, and a thief. He killed inno- 



LET THE "CONQUERED BANNER" WAVE. 

PLEA BY COL. "TIM" ANDERSON, COMMANDER 0. A. R. POST. 

Why furl it and fold it and put it away, 

The banner that proudly waved over the gray? 

It has not a blemish, it shows not a stain. 

Though it waved over fields where thousands were slain. 

O. why should we furl it and put it away? 

I; - loved and respected by the blue and the gray. 

They fought for a cause they thought was just, 
And this banner they loved was trailed in the dust. 
Their tight was lost and their hopes are dead, 
\ 1 1 ■ 1 another flag waves proud o'er their head; 
But still in their memory, without boast or brag. 
Wound around their hearts is this bonnie blue flag. 

So unfurl that banner; don't lay it away. 

There is but one country — it's both blue and gray — 

Just one united land for us all. 

Each willing and ready to answer the call ; 

But no land on earth, no history can say 

That braver men lived than those of the gray. 

Don't furl it and fold it and put it away. 

Let our sons and daughters gaze on it and say: 

" 'Twill live on forever in story and song. 

Brave men fought for it; they may have been wrong; 

But they fought for it gladly, heroes and brave. 

And the bonnie blue flag waves over their grave." 

So unfurl the old banner; let it float in the air: 

Let all the old veterans salute it up there. 

Though their cause it was lost, they were men tried and true. 

And they loved their old banner so bonnie and blue. 

Now here's to old Dixie, the land of the brave: 

"All bail 1" ilie bonnie blue flag: let it wave!" 

[Colonel Anderson, Commander of the Wilcox Post, G. A. 
R., Springfield, Mass., and an honorary member of the A P. 
1 1 ill Camp at Petersburg. Va., read the foregoing poem at 
a banquet served in his honor in Petersburg.] 



.1 PHOTOGRAPHIC HISTORY OF THE WAR. 
The American Review of Reviews O mpany is very anxious 
inc. either by purchase or loan, the use of Confederate 
photographs to illustrate their "Photographic History of the 
Civil War." and request is made of our people to cooperate 
in this work that the South and its armies may have adei 
representation. While there were not a great many pictures 
:m ide within Confederate lines, and doubtless the larger part 
of these were destroyed, still there may be some in old col- 
lections that would be of value in this history, and Veteran 

readers are asked to send what they can tO the editors of this 

"Photographic Historj of the Civil War." at 13 Astoi 
New York City. They will appreciate such material, will give 
it the best of care, and where desired will make suitable 
compensation, in addition to giving dm- credit to the senders 
of pictures. They wish especial!) scenes of camp and battle. 
Confederate fortifications, and other works. 
It will be of interest to know that Mr. 

Sidney Lanier, is connected with this ivorl 
correspondence with him he makes a special plea lor : 
that will properly represent the Southern soldier 



104 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



Qorjfederate l/eterag. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 

Office: Methodist Publishing- House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

VARIOUS VIEWS OF THE VETERAN. 

Do not take it? If not, why not? Please consider it. 

There is hardly a problem more difficult to solve than to 
understand why it is that loyal Southern people do not uni- 
versally become interested in this publication. For a few 
years the founder philosophized that as he was not of much 
consequence, many prominent people looked upon the venture 
with misgivings as to its merit and permanence. Seven years 
passed, however, and many of that class began to investigate 
and diligently sought all the back numbers. It was about that 
long before librarians, even that of the Congress at Washing- 
ton and various others at the North, realized that they should 
complete their series. Seven years more elapsed, and many 
of this class became enlisted. Some of the later patrons, with 
the free aid of its columns, procured complete editions, al- 
though at double or more than the original cost. Now twice 
seven and more than half of another period of seven 
years have elapsed, and a multitude of the founder's friends, 
people of affluence, accept complimentary copies, and would 
spend the cost of several years' subscription to cordially en- 
tertain him. Why don't they volunteer the great (?) outlay 
of $1 for a year, or even expend the larger sum of $2.50 for 
three years, or $5, and send it to some friend, the two sub- 
scriptions for three years each? Do they wait to be solicited 
by their friend the proprietor? For eighteen and one-fourth 
years he has refrained from that, but it is not from lack of 
solicitude. He has many friends of the millionaire class who 
well know of his work, people who realize that he has done 
more gratuitous service for the integrity of Southern people 
and their motives in their soul-trying period than any other 
man who has lived. He has done more to procure informa- 
tion between men who fought in the war together, and has 
helped more women to get data in regard to their husband's 
war records than any other, save possibly the War Records 
Department at Washington. His work has been satisfactory 
to the most ultra Southerners, while at the same time he has 
made friends of those who were on "the other side" in war. 
Then the Veteran has recorded in its "Last Roll" more of 
personal history than any other periodical in existence. 

What is the trouble? Don't imagine that the Veteran is 
published solely for the soldier element. It is for every 
Southern sympathizer. 

Do you think you ought to take it under these circumstances? 
Many Southerners take it for the good it is doing. The time is 
fast approaching when it cannot be sustained by the Confed- 
erate soldier element. Don't be so patriotic (?) as to decide 
that the war ought to be forgotten. A multitude of Union 
veterans commend and have paid for it unstintedly for years. 

Of three millionaire brothers, all friends of the Editor and 
all Confederate soldiers, neither has ever taken the Veteran ; 
yet one of them on one occasion, before it was established, 
took a roll of large bills from his pocket and urged the writer 
to share them. One of the most distinguished of Confederate 
officers, a rich man for whom the Veteran has done much, 
has never subscribed for a copy. When such men die, the 
Veteran writes of them as though they deserved the space. 



This inconsistent condition of things will exist to the end 
with mary But is it fair? Is it patriotic? Is it right? 

Think of what might be accomplished by universal, stead- 
fast cooperation ! The Veteran ought to be twice as large 
and in every way much better, and a revolution would occur 
if this plea for cooperation were effective. The hypercritical 
may condemn this kind of plea because other publications do 
not make it. Remember, there is no other high-class periodi- 
cal in the world of its kind. Its leading patrons are doomed — 
as the fate of man — and a sacred duty compels the warning. 
It merits the patronage and good will of every man and woman 
who reveres memories of the Confederacy. 

What a Singular Responsibility ! 

A grandchild sends a picture of 1862, the only one the family 
has, and a very nice sketch in childish language, and asks 
publication of the notice, with request that the author's name 
be given at the bottom and that the manuscript and picture 
be returned. Also that the copy of the Veteran be sent with 
the price "in it." All of this is in good taste. The sketch is 
on three long sheets of paper. Where it is announced that the 
comrade went to the war, the language is : "Now some of you 
may think he did not care but very little for his young wife 
and babies, to go away and leave them alone. I can assure 
you that he loved them devotedly, but still he was true to his 
native country." Again she writes : "Last December, the 
fourth day of the month, in the year 1910, just as the beauti- 
ful sun was sinking in the far west, this dear and noble man 
was taken sick, . . . and on the fourth of December my 
precious grandfather fell asleep and God came and claimed 
him as his own." 

All honor to the child who sends the sketch ; but is this not 
a matter of concern sufficient to enlist adult members of the 
family? This space is given to show the unreasonable tax 
put upon the Veteran. The sole picture should be held above 
price ; and yet the dear grandchild is given the custody of it, 
the Veteran is asked to care for it, incur the expense of hav- 
ing engraving made — all to honor a worthy comrade ; yet of 
whom nothing is known by the editor. Do the parents feel 
willing to have so much done for them for nothing? 

Another "Last Roll" sketch comes in the same mail, much 
more briefly written, and with a check for $10 to pay for en- 
graving and extra copies. The writer states, too, that the fam- 
ily will continue the subscription on and on. 

All sketches for the "Last Roll" should be brief and clearly 
written, special attention being given to the war record. Please 
do not send clippings from local papers, which always give 
much that is of local interest only. Have the sketch care- 
fully prepared, and typewritten if practicable. If picture is 
to be used, remit $2 to cover cost of engraving. 



About Missing or Injured Copies. — Every patron is re- 
quested to remember this plea : Copies of the Veteran occa- 
sionally miscarry, and in the bindery error occurs in folding 
so the copy is imperfect. In the spirit not only of justice, but 
of sincere gratitude, request is made not to send remittance 
for such copies. Write a postal simply to say that the issue 

for month of is missing or defective. You may add one 

or many names for sample copies. Unstinted liberality has 
been exhibited by the Veteran to all patrons, and such course 
must continue. Comrades are more to blame as a class, per- 
haps, than in anything else in not seeing that their sons take it. 



The Index for IQIO is now ready, and will be furnished on 
application, with two cents for postage inclosed. 



Qor?federatf> l/eterar? 



IO = 



THE NAME FOR OCR GREAT WAR. 

[A recent discussion upon the best name For our "great 
war," as styled years ago by the Veteran, in the House of 
Representatives at Washington contains some pathetic fea- 
tures. Mr. Bartlett, of Georgia, proposed to amend the judi- 
cial code bill by substituting the phrase "Civil War" for that 
of "The Rebellion." A quotation of the record states:] 

"What is to be accomplished by that?" inquired General 
Keifer. who was an officer in both the Civil War and the 
Spanish- American War. 

"Good feeling; that is all." interjected Representative Mann, 
of Illinois, "but that is worth something." 

"The gentleman from Ohio," said Mr. Bartlett, displaying 
considerable feeling, "is a representative of the people who 
fought on the other side, and we have gol Ear enough awaj 
from that era in our history not to use the word 'rebellion.' " 

"It is used in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitu 
tion," cried General Keifer. 

"Yes," retorted Mr. Bartlett; "but that amendment was 
enacted right after the war, when sectional animosity was rife," 

General Keifer remarked in a bored tone that he did not see 
anything to lie gained by the amendment. 

"In the legislation we have had For years there has been no 
reference to the War of the Rebellion," declared Mr. Bartlett. 

"That is wliai it was." General Keifer persisted, 

"I am a son of a Confederate officer," replied Mr. Bartlett. 
"We differ as to whether it was a rebellion. It was no mi n 
rebellion than was the Revolutionary Wat 

"You called it a rebellion then." said General Keifer. 

"Well," said Mr. Bartlett, "it has been long enough after 
the cessation of hostilities to join in that spirit that now per 
vades the whole American people to -endeavor to forget the 
animosities created by that struggle. It is not the part oi a 
generous foe on the victorious side to suggest that the words 
used during the heat of the bloody conflict should he kept up 
T am actuated solely bj sentiment in offering the amendment." 

General Keifer said that he did not propose to be lectured 
by Mr. Bartlett. and that if a lecture was intended it came 
fifty years too late. Then the General told how considerate he 
had always been to Confederates and how lie had mam de 
lants of Confederates in his command during the Spanish 
American War lie concluded by indicating that he loved 
everybodj south of Mason and Dixon's line 

Tli. 11 Mr Bartlett, almosl overcome 1\\ Ins emotions, denied 
that he intended his remarks as a lecture. He had no inten 
tion of lecturing. If he had been so inclined, respeel for the 
gentleman would have prevented him from doing so. 

Mr. Keifer: "Mr. Speaker, I understand the gentleman is 
kind-hearted and a good friend, and I suppose I was to blarrn 

king him a question. I did it in g 1 I. nlli, and 1 have 

no feeling toward him." 
So the amendment substituting "Civil War" for "War for tie 
lie Rebellion" was adopted bj a unanimous 

vote, and the 11- eeded with the reading of the hill 



The Mobile R ,i commenting upon this subject 

"Really it mak. s 1 .nt little differenci what the war is 
! It was .i id glorious struggle and a credit to 

the fighters on both sides Parentheticallj it maj bi rt 
marked that it was neither a civil war nor a rebellion Alexan- 
der Stephens adopted i "War between thi States' 
for it; but this was foi lack of a belter, since the war was 
not between tin States, but between two governments that 
happened to be nest to a i 



title is the 'War of Secession" or the 'War of Separation;' but 
neither title achieved popular acceptance. Some have it that, 
as we have had one war that is known solely by date, we can 
have another, and they call this one the 'War of r86i 65.' 
There is much and a growing use of this title these later days 
Perhaps, however, it would he well to remove any lingering 
feeling of hurt by bestowing upon it officially the distinction 
that by its greatness it deserves and by common practice has 
long been bestowed, and let it be known now and for all time 
as 'the War' with a capital W." 

The VETERAN years ago designated it as "The (Meat War." 

While it could lie easily designated as the "War of the Six- 
ties" (not '6i to '65), suppose we accept Civil War, since the 
lawmakers in Washington so d( signaled it "In. unanimous 
In the Senate before Ins death that ever-faithful Southerner, 
E. W. Carmack, procured acquiescence in the term "Civil 
War." . 

Gen. John M. Bright's Vivid Memory.— Hon. John M 
Bright, of Fayettcville, Tenn., where he was born January 
20, [817, continues marvelously clear in his mental faculties. 
In connection with the spirited and acrimonious controversy 
in political matters in Tennessee, he gave some interesting 
reminiscences to the Nashville Planner. Although having just 
celebrated his ninety-fourth birthday, the General's memory 

I cleat and wonderfully accurate. Asked for reminiscences 
on past senatorial contests in Tennessee, he said : "When I 
was ., hoy. in [829 I went down to Nashville by horseback, the 
lipid transit of the time, accompanied by my uncle, Col. John 

II Morgan. We put up at the Nashville Inn. That was just 
about eighty-two years ago, and I was a lad of twelve. My 
curiosity was aroused. About the Inn and on the street corners 
I heard heated discussions and arguments about Grundy and 
Foster. It was Grundy and Fostei everywhere. 'What have 
Grundy and Foster don,- v 1 asked my uncle. 'They are candi- 
dates for the United States Senate,' was the reply. It was 
then that 1 conceived my first idea of political warfare, and 
as time wore on I came within two votes of being United 
States Senator myself," * * * 

[General Bright sends to the Vi iikw a pamphlet that he 
has written about "I lie Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ."] 



Gordon and Hancock's Forces at Spottsylvania, Va. — 
I \l Lewis, of Macon, Ga., writes: "Will you please give me 
the information or procure it for me? On May 12, 1864, at 
Spottsylvania C 11.. when General Hancock broke the Con- 
Federate lines. General Gordon made a countercharge and 
most of the works that had been captured by General 
Hancock's forces. General Gordon reported that he would 

have retaken all of the lost ground, but his line was too short. 
Now I would like to know what Confederate b cupied 

that gn iund befi ire ll ancock's chat - 



I C Miller, of llinesville, Libert] County, Ga., 
formation of the servici rendered the Confedi rate States by 
Mai. E. W. Solomons, of Screven County, Ga., who was 
major of commissary in G l P Hat 

orgia troops. This information is given to assist an 
Old and needy widow in securing a pension. Majot 
mons was an old man, hut entered the service durii 
of the war, and afterwards served in gov 1 positions 

[1 he Confi 

States government report "Edward Solomons" with tin 

i ns in 186] .ii 

I in 186.2.] 



io6 



Qor}federat<^ l/eterai}. 



CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE. 
Design Selected for Building at Richmond. 

On Monday, January 23, the Executive Committee of the 
Confederated Memorial Association met at the office of Lieut. 
Gov. J. Taylor Ellyson and settled the question of building for 
the long-talked-of "Battle Abbey." 

Bissell & Sinkler, of Philadelphia, secured the first prize, 
which is the contract for the design and the supervision of the 
construction. The second prize of $400 goes to Hewitt & 
Brown, of Minneapolis, while the other prizes of $200 each 
are awarded to Averill & Adams, of Washington, Wilder & 
White, of New York, Dennison & Hirons, also of New York. 

The Executive Committee, it may be recalled, is composed of 
Gen. Robert White, of Wheeling, W. Va. (chairman), Lieut. 
Gov. J. Taylor Ellyson (president of the association), Judge 
George L. Christian, Col. Thomas Kenan, of Raleigh, N. C, 
and Col. J. M. Hickey, of Washington, D. C. 

Sixty designs were submitted by as many architects. A 
jury of award was composed of Mr. Ellyson, W. C. Noland, 
the professional adviser, and James Knox Taylor, supervising 
architect of the United States Treasury Department. The 
Executive Committee unanimously adopted the report of the 
jury, and made its awards in accordance therewith. Members 
of the Executive Committee nor of the jury of award knew 
the authorship of any of the designs. After action by the 
committee, Mayor D. C. Richardson for the first time made 
known the names and addresses of the competitors. The com- 
mittee was well pleased with the work of the jury of award, 
and believes the selection will be satisfactory to the public. 

The committee made formal request of the R. E. Lee Camp, 
No. 1, United Confederate Veterans, to allow its collection of 
portraits of Confederate leaders, now hanging in its hall, to 
be placed in the building at such time in the future as suits 
the pleasure of Lee Camp. Besides, if Lee Camp desires it, 
arrangements will be made in the building for a permanent 
meeting place. 

A member of the firm of Bissell & Sinkler will confer in 
Richmond with the Executive Committee as to details. 

The Times-Dispatch states : 

"The Confederate Memorial Institute is to be a repository 
and exhibition building for Confederate relics, paintings, and 
sculpture, with records and all procurable data relating to the 
Confederate States. It is to be on the order of a museum and 
art gallery combined, and is to serve, both interior and ex- 
terior, as a memorial building for the placing of commemora- 
tive tablets and statues. 

"The design by Bissell & Sinkler is of a dignified, monu- 
mental character. The construction is to be fireproof through- 
cut and faced with Southern granite up to the floor line and 
with Southern marble above that line. The plan shows a 
Doric building fronting sixty-nine feet, one hundred and sixty- 
nine feet deep, and fifty feet high. A broad flight of steps 
leads to the front portico, whose roof is supported by massive 
columns. Mural decorations appear on the outside. A flat 
roof will afford a walking space for visitors. While the struc- 
ture is of only one story, there will be no fewer than sixteen 
galleries, each devoted to special collections from a Southern 
State. These are grouped around one general hall, forming 
the main place of exhibit. The building is estimated to cost 
$150,000, exclusive of mural decorations, light fixtures, and 
furnishings. 

"Wide latitude was given by the committee to competing 
architects, and competitors were left to work out the problem 
in the way that seemed to them best. 




design for confederate memorial institute. 

"The plot of ground on which the Memorial Institute is to 
be erected has a frontage of three hundred and seventy-nine 
feet on the Boulevard, between Grove and Hanover Avenues, 
and extends back seven hundred and thirty feet. The build- 
ing will face approximately east. The ground is deeded by 
Lee Camp, which has a right in the Soldiers' Home property 
until March 3, 10.14, with the concurrence and approval of the 
State by act of Legislature. The main entrance front is to 
face the Boulevard, and is to be at least one hundred feet 
back from the street line. The grade line will be sufficiently 
elevated to allow a gradual descending grade from the building 
in all directions, the descent to the boulevard being about 
three feet. 

"The junior member of the successful competitor is a son 
of the late Dr. Wharton Sinkler, a former South Carolinian, 
who lived in Philadelphia for many years prior to his death, 
last year. It is a coincidence that the grandfather of Archi- 
tect Sinkler and the father of William Churchill Noland, the 
professional adviser, were officers on the same ship of the old 
U. S. navy in the years before the-War between the States." 
Question Raised about Title to the Land. 

[Extracts from Richmond Evening Journal of February 6.} 

It leaked out to-day that the collateral heirs of the late 
Channing M. Robinson, who sold the Soldiers' Home tract 
of land to R. E. Lee Camp, are considering the advisability of 
bringing suit against the commonwealth with the idea of re- 
covering the property or its money equivalent on account of 
the alleged violation of the provisions of the original deed! 
of transfer. As yet the matter has not gotten into the courts, 
but lawyers are looking into the case. 

The story of the Soldiers' Home tract is a long and compli- 
cated one with many legal ramifications. It harks back to the 
early eighties, when the boulevard was a mere county road 
and values in that part of the city were low. 

About 1880 the idea of establishing the Soldiers' Home was 
discussed among Confederate veterans ; and as funds were 
scarce in those days, a greatly successful bazaar was held. 

In 1884 Channing M. Robinson, who died in January, 1893,. 
conveyed the land — then about thirty-five acres — to Lee Camp. 
The consideration was about $14,000, a very reasonable figure, 
everybody thought. It is understood that the document sets 
forth that the land is to be used for a Soldiers' Home and for 
the maintenance of such an institution. In the early nineties 
part of the land was sold. 

Richmond was then in the throes of its first West End 
boom, and a number of citizens bought lots parceled off from 
the Soldiers' Home property. When the bottom dropped out of 
the boom at Richmond, as elsewhere, these grantees refused to 
meet their deferred payments, taking the ground that the sale 
of the land to them was a violation of the provisions of the 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai?. 



107 



Robinson deed. Suit was brought to enforce the specific per- 
formance of the contracts of sale, and the purchasers lost. 
The lower court held that the sale of the lots was necessary 
in order to supply funds for the maintenance of the Home, 
and that therefore the provisions of the trust had not been 
violated. Evidently the Supreme Court of Virginia took the 
same view, since it refused an appeal. Thus it came to pass 
that the purchasers were compelled to pay for lots then re- 
garded almost worthless, but which now are very valuable. 

In March, 1892, representatives of Lee Camp entered into 
negotiations with the Virginia Legislature to take over the 
property. The proposition was to give the commonwealth a 
reversionary interest in the property. The General Assembly 
readily accepted the offer, and the property is to go to the 
State in March, 1914. The last Legislature readily consented 
to give a liberal slice of the land as a site for the Confederate 
Memorial Institute. This gift was effected through an act 
approved March 3, 1910. 

Channing M. Robinson left no children. He was survived 
by his widow, who since has passed away ; but they are sur- 
vived by collateral heirs. 

The report in conclusion states : "Lieutenant Governor Elly- 
son, President of the Confederate Memorial Association, when 
told aliout the plans of the Robinson heirs to-day, received 
it with absolute calmness, and said : 'There is little or nothing 
I can say or need to say. I feel perfectly certain that the title 
we get from the State will prove a good one, and we shall go 
straight ahead with our plans for the building of the Memorial 
Institute. If suit is brought, we shall, of course, employ law- 
yers, and it will be for them, not me, to do the talking.'" 

A word in personal tribute. Confederates and their friends 
should never fail to honor the memory of Norman V. Ran- 
dolph, who took the lead and largely the responsibility of 
procuring this great property for the Lee Camp and the Con- 
federate cause. 



A GREAT DAY FOR AN OLD CONFEDERATE. 

BY REV. J. H. M'NEILLY, NASHVILLE, TENN. 

It was my privilege recently to take part in dedicating a 
magnificent monument to the zeal and devotion of a grand old 
soldier of the cross, who was also a faithful, brave soldier of 
the South in her war for her rights. That monument is the 
splendid edifice of the First Presbyterian Church of Chatta- 
nooga, of which the Rev. Dr. J. W. Bachman has been pastor 
for thirty-seven years. 

On the 18th day of December, 1910, the congregation set 
apart this beautiful and costly house of worship to the service 
of God. It is the enduring memorial of his untiring and un- 
selfish labors for their good and of their love and loyalty to 
him as a minister of their Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 

Dr. Bachman was a gallant cavalry officer who often had 
command of his regiment in fierce engagements, and who 
never shirked duty nor danger. During his long pastorate 
in Chattanooga he has been pastor for the whole community. 
In times of distress, epidemics, calamities he has gone every- 
where, to all classes, administering help and comfort. In the 
pulpit he has been the courageous witness for truth and 
righteousness. On his seventieth birthday he received such 
an ovation as is seldom seen. Protestants, Catholics,.-Jcws, 
Mks, Masons, fishing clubs, railroad orders, benevolent orders, 
veterans of the Confederacy, Daughters of the Confederacy, 
laboring men, merchants, bankers, lawyers, doctors came 
bringing gifts of love and admiration. But when his people 
wished to testify their appreciation by a large increase in his 



salary, he refused it. Genial, generous, warm-hearted, wise, 
sincere, he knows how to get into everybody's confidence. 
Student, preacher, pastor, veteran Confederate traveler, fish- 
erman, boy with the boys, though more than seventy years 
"young," he is one of that company to which Sir Samuel Baker 
dedicates a book of adventure, "all boys between eight and 
eighty." He is still active Chaplain of N. B. Forrest Camp. 

But let me get to the dedication. When the growth of the 
church required a larger building, Dr. Bachman put in (he 
vestibule of the old one a drawing by a great architect show- 
ing the plans of a splendid structure. He labeled this draw- 
ing "An Old Man's Dream," and the people determined to 
make the dream a reality. And it was that reality which we 
set apart for God's service. It is the glorious crown of Dr. 
Bachman's labors. 

The exercises of the day were conducted mainly by Dr. 
Bachman's three preacher brothers, one of whom was in his 
regiment, and his son-in-law, each of whom preached at dif- 
ferent hours; and the sermons were equal to the occasion. 
Two other ministers took part by virtue of long intimacy with 
the pastor: Dr. T. H. McCallie, of Chattanooga, a former 
pastor of the church, and Dr. J. H. McNeilly, of Nashville. 
The venerable Dr. James Park, of Knoxvillc, was expected, 
but his great age (eighty-nine) prevented his coming. These 
are all bound to Dr. Bachman by the warmest ties of personal 
affection. 

When the dedication sermon had been delivered, the various 
committees made their reports, showing that $150,000 had been 
raised by the congregation and that not a cent of debt re- 
mained. Then in solemn form the building was delivered to 
the trustees and solemnly dedicated to the worship of Al- 
mighty God for proclaiming the gospel of his Son. 

It is impossible for me to describe this great edifice with its 
perfect appointments, severe in simplicity yet grand in its 
proportions— its main auditorium to seat 1,000 persons, with 
its dome seventy feet above the floor, its multitude of lights, 
its great organ, the cozy lecture room, the wonderfully con- 
venient Sunday school room, the pastor's study, the parlors. 
and kitchen— all that is needed in the equipment of the mod- 
ern church. 

Though the rain came down in torrents, the great audito- 
rium was packed. The preaching by the three brothers morn- 
ing, afternoon, and night was of the highest order. It is a 
remarkable brotherhood, consisting of Drs. Nathan, John W., 
J. Lynn, and Robert L. Bachman, all great and successful 
ministers. The son-in-law, Rev. C. R. Hyde, dedicated the 
Sunday school room with a fine sermon. Dr. McCallie offered 
the prayer of dedication, and Dr. McNeilly offered the open- 
ing prayer and administered the communion. 

The pastoral records of nearly all the participants is of long 
service— Drs. Lynn and Robert L. Bachman fifteen years in 
the same Churches, Dr. J. W. Bachman thirty- seven years in 
Chattanooga, Dr. McCallie in Churches in Chattanooga thirty- 
eight years, Dr. Park in Knoxville forty years, Dr. McNeilly 
in Nashville forty years, and Dr. Nathan Bachman an evangel- 
ist for thirty- four years. The old style of Presbyterian 
preacher stayed long in the place now occupied by the new 



Many pages are in type, several of which were intended for 
this issue of the Veteran, but circumstances make it best to 
hold them over. Correspondents may be assured of the pur- 
pose to treat each as fairly as possible. 



io8 



Qopfederat^ Veterai). 



CONFEDERATES WHO WENT TO BRAZIL. 

An interesting letter comes from Mr. Grover G. Pyles, of 
Santa Barbara, Brazil, who writes of the Southern families 
who left the States after the surrender and went to Brazil in 
search of new homes, feeling that there could be no more hap- 
piness in the old homes under the changed conditions. Most 
of the Confederate veterans who went out are now dead, but 
Mr. Pyles mentions a few now living in that section — viz., Dr. 
Robert Norris, H. Clay Norris, Lieut. Joseph Whitaker, N. B. 
McAlpine, George Worthrop, John Weissinger, Joseph Min- 
chin, J. Partridge, William McCann, William Pyles, Ezekiel 
B. Pyles. He says of these men that they have contributed 
greatly to the progress of agriculture in that country, and the 
municipality of Santa Barbara, in the State of Sao Paulo, is 
classified first in agriculture. 

Comrade Pyles adds : "The Confederate veteran has been a 
power in peace, even as he helped to make the Confederate 
army one of the most invincible that ever faced the foe." 

Confederates Going Back to Massachusetts. — James An- 
derson, of the E. K. Wilcox Post, Springfield, Mass.. has re- 
turned from another visit to Petersburg, Va., where he was 
the guest of the A. P. Hill Camp, U. C. V., and with them 
helped celebrate Robert E. Lee's birthday. It was the twelfth 
time that Mr. Anderson joined the Petersburg veterans in 
celebrating the birthday of the great Southern hero. He says 
it was impossible for him to accept all the hospitable invita- 
tions that were given him for dinners and receptions. The 
visit of the Hill Camp to Springfield, Mr. Anderson says, is 
a thing that the people of Petersburg seem never to tire of 
talking about. Lee's birthday was celebrated with a parade 
in the morning and a banquet in the evening. Mr. Anderson 
was the speaker at the banquet. He entertained the Southern 
veterans with his account of their visit to Springfield. The 
Springfield Republican states that a number of the A. P. Hill 
Camp of Veterans are going to Springfield of their own in- 
itiative to help celebrate the next Independence Day. 



New Camp of Confederate Veterans in Tennessee. — Re- 
port comes from Paris, Tenn., of a new Camp of Veterans at 
that place named in honor of Joe Kendall. The following is 
the list of officers : Ex-Gov. James D. Porter, who was adju- 
tant general to Gen. B. F. Cheatham, Commander; Dr. Sam 
H. Caldwell, A. H. Lankford, W. D. Poyner, W. P. Erwin, 
Lieutenant Commanders; Sam A. Miller, Adjutant; W. P. 
Bumpass, Quartermaster; D. D. Brisendine, Commissary; Dr. 
J. P. Mathewson, Surgeon ; Rev. P. P. Pullen, Chaplain ; R. 
P. Diggs, Treasurer; J. J. Lowry, Sergeant Major; George 
H. Wynns, Officer of the Day ; G. W. Swor, Color Sergeant ; 
N. P. Rhoads, Color Guard ; W. E. Bandy, Second Color 
Guard; W. D. Hendricks, Vidette. 



Inquiry of Starnes's Fourth Tennessee Cavalry. 

Lieut. G. A. Pursley was a member of Captain Davis's com- 
pany in Starnes's 4th Tennessee Cavalry. He resigned be- 
cause of continued ill health. His widow, Mrs. A. E. Pursley, 
desires to communicate with his comrades who can tell of his 
service. Her address is Bradford Avenue, Waverly Place, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

The Mississippi Division, U. D. C, has for sale a special 
edition of the "Kuklux Klan" for the benefit of the Confederate 
monument at Beauvoir. Advertisement of this will be found 
in this number of the Veteran. Orders will be appreciated. 
The price is very small and the cause is most worthy. Send 
orders to Mrs. S. E. F. Rose, West Point, Miss., Historian 
of the Division. 



THE FIRST COX FEDERATE MONUMENT. 

Amite County, one of the oldest counties in Mississippi, 
sent about one thousand of her noblest sons to the Confederate 
army. In honor of them there stands in the town of Liberty 
a Confederate monument with the names of three hundred 
and fifty boys who, with unfaltering courage and devotion 
amid the shock of battle, went to their unmarked graves with 
the songs of their country on their lips. No names shine with 
more resplendent luster upon the pages of American history 
than those written across the sides of this weather-beaten 
slab. The devotion that is felt for this monument is charac- 
teristic of a people who have always been true to every cause 
to which they owed allegiance ; not because of its sculptural 
workmanship, but because it is a stone of memory erected by 
loving hands under trying circumstances. It was built in 1871 
during the regime of the carpetbag and scalawag. About one 
hundred and twenty of the thousand soldiers who enlisted in 
Amite County, Ark., still living and eighty-seven widows meet 
at this monument annually and hold memorial services in 
reverence to their dead comrades and loved ones. 

E. A. Causey, of Liberty, who sends the data for this notice, 
writes : "As we look upon the little band of maimed and 
weather-beaten heroes and see how sacred they hold this 
little monument, it makes me feel that we Sons and Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy do not appreciate their patriotism as 
we should, and we should strive to make their Reunions a 
success in every particular, for in a few years their happy 
meetings on earth will be ended." 

To say that this was the first Confederate monument erected 
may be misleading. Bolivar, Tenn., claims to have the first. 




first confederate monument, liberty, miss. 

Without referring to dates, the impression prevails that the 
Bolivar monument was erected several years before this one 
at Liberty. The Veteran would like data about monuments 
erected previous to 1875. This Liberty monument was cer- 
tainly a fine credit to its people by its erection at that time. 
The granite foundation is eight feet square and four feet 
high. It is five feet square at the base, and tapers gracefully 
to the top. Cannons are carved at the four corners. 



D. H. Chapman, 211 Boylston Avenue N., Seattle, Wash., 
requests that any surviving members of Company B ("Red 
River Rebels"), Capt. James A. Wise, kindly write to him. 



QoQfederat^ \/eterai). 



109 



ARLINGTON CONFEDERATE MONUMENT. 

Treasurer's Report for Month Ending January i. mi 1 

Receipts. 

Mrs. John J. Crawford, Director for New York, $100. Con- 
tributed by New York Chapter, No. 10^, U. D. C, New York. 

Mrs. Thomas W. Keitt, Director for South Carolina, $99.01. 
Contributed by John C. Calhoun Chapter, No. 045. U. D. C, 
Clemson College. $4; Dick Anderson Chapter. No. 75, U. D. 
C, Sumter, $5; Hartsville Chapter, U. D. C, $5. 

Sale of seals: Charleston Chapter, No. 4, U. D. C, Charles- 
ion. S. C. $26; Wade Hampton Chapter, No. 29, U. D. C, 
Columbia, S. C, $5; John C. Calhoun Chapter, No. 945, U. D. 

C, Clemson College, S. C, $5. jo: Arthur Manigault Chapter, 
No. 63, U. D. C. Georgetown, S. C, $5; Lancaster Chapter, 
No. 462, U. D. C, Lancaster, S. C$5.50; Dick Anderson Chap- 
ter. No. 75, U. D. C. Sumter. S. C, $6.15. 

Schools: Courtenay School, Charleston, S, C, $6.50; James 
Island School. $5.60; Dillon School, $1; Cheraw Public 
School. $11. So; Mullins Graded School. $2.86; Greer Schools, 
$4.40. 

Mrs. John \Y. Clapp. Director for Tennessee. $61. Con- 
tributed by R. E. Lee Chapter. No. 9, U. D. C. Perycar. 
Tenn., $10; John Sutherland Chapter, No. 1019, U. D. C, 
Ripley. Tenn., $5; George YV. Gordon Chapter, No. 461, U. D. 
C., Waverly, Tenn.. $_> ; Confederate Historical Association. 
Memphis, Tenn., $5. 

Sale of seals : C. M. Goodlett Chapter, No. 362, U. D. C, 
Clarksville, Tenn., $7; Franklin Chapter. No. 14; U. D. G, 
Franklin. Tenn., $2 ; Zollicoffer-Fulton Chapter, No. 16, LI. D. 
<'.. Fayetteville, Tenn., $2; John Lauderdale Chapter, No. 356, 
U. D. C, Dyersburg. Tenn.. $2 ; Forrest Chapter, No. 206, U. 

D. C, Brownsville. IVnn . $2.50; John C. Vaughn Chapter. No, 
1244. U. D. C. Sweetwater. Tenn., $5; George W. Gordon 
Chapter, No. 4(11. V. D. C, Waverly. Tenn.. $1; Mrs. Alex 
B White, Paris, Tenn.. $17.50. 

Mrs. Thomas S. Uncock. Director for Virginia, $2.50. Con- 
tributed by Greensville Chapter, No. 1247, U. D. C, Emporia. 
\ S. Johnston Camp. No. 654, U. C. V. Baird, Tex., $5. 
Interest credited on deposits January 1, ion, $185.61. 
Amount on hand at last report. $20,010.87. 
I olal to be accounted for, $20,463.99. 

Expenses. 
II. A. Herbert, telegraphic expenses in reporting contract 
with sculptor to Little Rock Convention, $5.64. 

American Surety Company of New York, premium on Treas- 
urer's bond for year 101 1, $62.50. 

Balance on hand February 1. 101 1. $20,395.85, 

W\n vci Siki-atir. Treasurer. 



PHILADELPHIA, THE (77 Y OF "BROTHERl V I 01 I ' 

rot \ i - of a D A. k Elect ton of Ri gent. 
Hi' annual election of officers in a D. V R. Chapter took 
place, as is iis usual custom, in the historic Statehouse, tnde- 
nce Hall, Philadelphia, Wi . the ist of February. 

that being the first Wednesday in the month. This Chapter 
in its early days was very active indeed, having built a club 
our army, and prior to that restored thi 
council chamber and banquet hall in the Statehouse to their 
early beauty, the passing years having sadly impaired the sub- 
stantial condition of these rooms in colonial times For this 
ticular Chapter has the privilege of holding 
certain functions in these historic rooms. 

For some time past the interest in this Chapter of several 
hundred members has seemed verj faint indeed, since at the 
regular monthly meetings often it was not possible to count a 



quorum of twenty-five, and the difficulty of the nominating 
committee in finding members for candidates to the various 
offices was at such a pass that the annual election was merely 
the ratification of names, one for each office, put on by the 
committee — really an appointment — and usually the same set 
of officers that had held one or the other of the offices during 
a number of years. This seemed to the broad-minded mem- 
bers of the society too one-sided for the health of the Chap- 
ter. So last spring a resolution was passed recommending 
two names for every office, then there would be at least a 
choice between two more or less well-known members. 

The old members, from the Regent down, had their names 
on the ballot, and a charming woman of a historic Maryland 
family consented to head the list as Regent on the new list 
of members to compete for office with those of the past many 
terms. There was absolutely nothing to be said adverse to the 
in \\ candidate for Regent. Fun the friends of the administra- 
tion hit upon this: "She is a Daughter of the Confederacy." 

This charming Southern woman, resident of Philadelphia 
and its suburbs during more than thirty years, heard this 
frightful ( ?) accusation, and with the spirit of her race and 
people she asked the privilege of the floor before the Chapter 
went into election. It being granted her, she stepped forward 
upon the rostrum in that old banquet hall in Independence 
Hall, and this is in substance what she said in far better 
language than I have at my command: "I have heard it ru- 
mored that many have said that 1 am not eligible to the office 
of Regent id' the Chapter because I am a Daughter of the 
Confederacy. This is a great surprise to me. I thought that 
was a deail issue. The objects of the U. D. C. Association 
are memorial, historical, benevolent, social, and educational; 
to collect and preserve material for a true history of the War 
between the States; to care for the surviving veterans of that 
war and to provide for those dependent upon them, as our vet- 
erans have no pension from the government, as the Union sol- 
diers have. My brother was President General of the Sons 
of the Revolution, and the Board of Managers met at his 
home in Maryland, my old home. All around are souvenirs 
of those days of the Civil War, memorials sadly dear to all 
of us. They did not in any way antagonize the Sons of the 
Revolution, for they felt, as 1 thought all would feel, that 
these things represented a long dead issue. They say I am 
not a Philadelphian That seems strange to me. My hus- 
band was born in Philadelphia, and he has lived here all of 
his life. All of his associations, social or business, are in 
Philadelphia, where his business is located. I have lived in 
Philadelphia for the past thirty years and more, and I always 
think of myself as a Philadelphian. Your Recording Secre- 
i.n J lias just eulogized a past State Regent of Pennsylvania, 
i noble woman of gnat ability When she came to Phila- 
delphia to organize a D. A. R. Chapter here, she came to my 
mother-in-law and asked her to help her organize the Chapter 
and be its first Regent. She was in sympathy, of i 

me to be Regent instead of her. 1 asked a friend to be 
Regent She proposed a third name, who accepted, and was 
the first Regent of this Chapter, and a most efficient one. My 
friend I had asked to be Regent became Registrar, and I was 
nnr. the first the Chapter had. and I retained the office 
satisfactorily to the Chapter- a number of terms. The Chapter 
was organized in my house. If I am no1 to the office 

of Regent of this Chapter, then no woman in th( South is 
eligible to membership in the society." 

And the Chapter elected the old officers that tricked the 
members with the old. worn-out politician's phrase. 



I IO 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



BATTLE OF FISHING CREEK— "ZOLLIE TREE." 

GEN. BENNETT H. YOUNG, IN LOUISVILLE TIMES. 

The battle of Fishing Creek was fought by Gens. George 
B, Crittenden and Felix K. Zollicoffer, Confederates, against 
the Federal forces by Gen. George H. Thomas. The day 
went sorely against the Confederates. General Zollicoffer was 
killed early in the action. He was one of the most brilliant 
and beloved men in Tennessee. He was a member of Con- 
gress for two terms, and was a forceful writer and an elo- 
quent orator. At the time of his unfortunate demise his wife 
had been dead several years, leaving him the sole protector 
of six little girls. 

The troops engaged on the Confederate side were largely 
from Tennessee, with the 15th Mississippi and the 16th Ala- 
bama Regiments. 

General Zollicoffer fell under a large oak tree on the land 
of a Mr. Logan, near what is now called Nancy post office. 
This oak tree still retains its vigor and strength, and bears 
barrels of acorns. 

About one hundred and fifty Confederates were killed, and 
most of them were buried in a mound seventy-five feet from 
the Zollicoffer oak. The tree has borne General Zollicoffer's 
name since the day of the battle. 

Three-quarters of a mile away from the Zollicoffer oak and 
the graves of the Confederates is a national cemetery, where 
eight hundred Federals were interred. Each year people in the 
neighborhood decorate these graves. * * * 

The land on the south side of the Zollicoffer oak is owned 
by William Burton, Esq., whose father was a Southern sym- 
pathizer. Mr. Burton and his big-hearted wife felt kindly 
■disposed to the memory of the Confederate soldiers who there 
■died for the Southland. In 1892 a little girl was deposited by 
the stork in the log cabin of the Burtons. Somewhere in a 
paper they saw the name Dorothy, and the father and mother 
thought it would be nice to have a Dorothy, and so they 
named her, their only child. 

When Dorothy was nine years old she heard the bands 
playing at the National Cemetery, and saw the neighbors go 
by on horseback and in vehicles, carrying great lots of flowers. 
She had been told ghost stories about the graves across her 
father's fence, and the superstitious grannies in the neighbor- 
hood spoke of men clad in gray who walked through the forest 
at night and fired their guns as they did many years before, 
and how these phantom men marched and countermarched at 
night and fought over the battle again, and then at dawn went 
back into their graves under the shadow of the great oak 
where their general had died. The little girl would play upon 
the mound in the forest where she was told dead soldiers 
slept, and imagined she could hear the voices of those long- 
buried warriors speaking to each other in the silence of the 
gloomy, dark forest. In her gentle heart came the thought 
that if the soldiers in the big cemetery had flowers on their 
graves, why should not her neighbor soldiers in the woods 
■over her father's fence have some on theirs? And the dear 
little soul hunted under the trees for wild flowers, and bare- 
footed waded the brook at the bottom of the hill and gathered 
ferns that luxuriated on its banks, and from the garden of her 
mother she plucked roses, hollyhocks, and honeysuckles and 
•carried them by the armful and arranged them on the mound 
where her dead friends slept. She had often listened to the 
•story of the death of the Confederate chieftain under the big 
■oak where she and the squirrels found so many acorns, and 
with her deft childish hands she made wreaths and tied them 
around the Zollicoffer oak ; and month after month in the 



spring and summer time she kept the graves and the big tree 
decorated with these memorials of her devotion to the stranger 
dead, some of whose graves were in her father's pasture and 
some in the cornfield on the slope westward from her father's 
home. 

One day a soldier and a lady and gentleman friend of his 
drove up to the Burton homestead and asked to be shown the 
Zollicoffer oak and the mound where Zollicoffer's men were 
buried. In a little while under the big oak, sitting on a log, 
these strangers drew from the little mountain girl and her 
parents the story of the decorations which for months she had 
placed on the hallowed spot. They saw the withered flowers 
and the faded wreaths. They kissed the little child and filled 
her hands with bright silver coins, and promised her that 
some day they would come again and build a monument to 
her dead heroes, and out in the forest find where each Con- 
federate was buried, and bring his dust and lay it in the mound 
where the majority of their comrades had so long slept in one 
unmarked grave. 

The soldier, the friend of her soldiers, told her he would 
send her to school, give her an education, and make her a 
school-teacher, so she could care for herself and her father 
and mother when they became too old to work. 

In Louisville in 1905 there was a great Confederate Reunion. 
The little girl and her father were sent for, money was for- 
warded to provide the little girl with city clothing, and she 
and her father took a peep into the wide, wide world and 
saw the renowned leaders of her forgotten dead. She heard 
the music of many bands playing the airs to which her sol- 
diers had marched, and felt the earth tremble with the tread 
of thousands of men who had fought as her dead friends 
fought, and she listened with rapture to the shouts of those 
survivors who, forty years before, had marched with the war- 
riors who now slept in a forest near her home, and who, when 
the story of her sweet devotion to their comrades was told, 
rent the air with their shouts and acclaim. 

Those who had brought her away from her home to let her 
feast her eyes on this strange sight and wondrous scenes of 
the great city begged her to remain and secure an education, 
but it was not so to be. In her heart had sprung up a love 
for a mountain lad who had been her playmate and helped her 
gather flowers and arrange wreaths for the lonely soldiers' 
graves and the great oak where this Confederate hero died, 




THE GREAT OAK, THE "ZOLLIE TREE," WHERE ZOLLICOFFER DIED. 



Qoi?federat^ l/eterai). 



in 



and to her marriage was dearer than learning, and Dorothy 
Burton made life's bargain to love and cherish Walter Hudson. 

After a while a little girl baby came to bless the home of 
the youthful pair. The father and mother had eschewed fam- 
ily lines for Dorothy's name, and why should she not do the 
same? And, remembering the great oak which they called 
Zollicoffer Oak, there came into her mind the thought of a 
name for her baby, connecting in some way with the sad, pa- 
thetic history of the majestic tree that stood where the Con- 
federate chief fell and which she loved with a great love and 
which had now become a part of her very self ; so she declared 
her baby must be called Zollie Hudson. 

Good neighbors, Mr. and Mrs. V. K. Logan, saw the little 
mother at Nancy post office, and inquired what name had been 
given the stranger. When told it was Zollie, after the big 
oak, they said: "Don't stop there; call her Zollie Tree Hud- 
son." And thus it was. 

The child and her parents, who had watched the graves, on 
October 22, 1910, saw all their dreams and visions realized, 
and amidst a great host of Kentuckians and distinguished Con- 
federates, with two daughters of General Zollicoffer, now bril- 
liant and honored women, she witnessed the unveiling of a 
magnificent monument to Zollicoffer and his men ; and when 



grand oak by which General Zollicoffer fell is given with 
the story. The park of one acre, including the Zollicoffer 
monument, and the soldier mound referred to, now marked by 
a marble tablet, are just back of the man standing by the tree. 
— Editor Confederate Veteran.] 




DOROTHY BURTON HUDSON AND HER CHILD, "ZOLLIE TREE." 

the mother, with Zollie Tree in her arms and the arms of 
General Zollicoffer's daughter around her waist, was presented 
to five thousand Kentucky nun and women .is the heroine of 

■ffer Park, there came into her heart a joy that words 
could not measure and made her love more than ever her 
soldier friends who rested beside the rail fence that divided 
her home from the forest where they and General Zollicoffer 
died amid the dampness and darkness of the Sunday morning 
long, long ago. 

[It is clear to those best informed that the author of the 
foregoing, not named even incidentally, is the man who pro- 
vided young Dorothy Burton with "city clothes" and gave her 
and her father the trip to Louisville and who offered to edu- 
cate her. It was not expected to devote more space to this 
subject so soon; but the story is too pathetic to lose, and the 



APPOMATTOX. 

BY VIRGINIA FRA7.ER BOYLE, POET LAUREATE U. C. V. ASSOCIATION. 

(Read at the Lee birthday celebration at Goodwyn Insti- 
tute, Memphis, January 19, 191 1.) 

Here closed the scene. The grim march of the years 

Broke with a sudden halt, and men stood still 
And questioned each of each with gaunt-eyed fears 
If this were his, their peerless leader's will. 

And then a silence lay o'er all the land, 
Like that which comes when all the day is done. 

'Twas passing strange to miss that strong command 
Within the camp before the set of sun. 

Had he forgot? Their chieftain, who had led 
Through four long years to victory or death? 

Had he forgot these who had fought and bled ? 
Nay ! Sooner God forgot to give them breath. 

Ah ! Stood they there to answer man to man, 
The victor and the vanquished, there alone. 

Apart from all within that narrow span. 
In that white vista fame had made her own. 

Apart from all the armies that had thrilled 

A listening world with clash of might with right, 

It was the victor's eyes that softly filled ; 
The vanquished spoke as spake a royal knight. 

And then the great heart of the leader broke — 
Broke with his anguish for his vanquished South, 

And that dim twilight of defeat awoke 

Within the hush that cooled the cannon's mouth. 

And then a tumult rose like that hoarse cry 
That hails to victory resting on its sheaf; 

'Twas but from ragged legions trooping by — 
The conquered Southland's farewell to her chief. 

And so they passed upon that April day, 
With his last message thrilling through the band, 

To warm again their hearthstones, cold and gray, 
To till again their wasted, blood-stained land. 

But who shall say they failed? From every field 

Denial of the fiat thrives and lives 
With that rich bounty of abundant yield. 

The largess that a peaceful country gives. 

No menial shoulder to the wheel was bared, 

No craven soul out of the dark to cry, 
And through the flames of Reconstruction fared 

Unscathed the flower of truth that cannot die. 

Ay I Who shall say tluv failed? Tribunals p 
To do them honor, both the small and great, 

And in the courts where speak the highest laws 
Decree confirms their ancient rights of State. 

Do they forget? O, poet, when you seek 

A hero song for ages yet to be, 
Above the star pricked by fame's highest peak 

Find there the star of Lee. 



112 



Qopfederat^ l/eterag. 



HOMAGE TO -DIXIE:' 

BY JOHN L. KIRBY, NASHVILLE, TENN. 

In a recent issue of the Veteran Mr. C. B. Haley gave an 
interesting account of the signal honors paid the soul-stirring 
strains of "Dixie" on two occasions, when he was present, in 
Canada and in Mexico. This calls to mind an instance of 
loving, enthusiastic tribute to the imperishable song of the 
South in our sister republic of France. At the unveiling of 
the Confederate monument at Oxford, Miss., on Decoration 
Day a few years ago the Hon. Charles Scott made an elo- 
quent address, which I have since preserved with no slight 
degree of pride in both the incident and the orator. He said : 

"Go where you will within the confines of the civilized world 
and the memory of Southern valor and chivalry is esteemed. 

"It was my good fortune to see this fact strikingly exempli- 
fied during the past season. One night in the early part of 
October I w^as seated, with my wife and daughter, in the ro- 
tunda of the Grand Hotel at Paris, one of the stateliest and 
handsomest hotels in all the world. It was brilliantly illumi- 
nated, of course, with electricity ; but something like one thou- 
sand incandescent lights were, on ordinary occasions, always 
held in reserve. This rotunda with the adjoining cafe and 
dining hall constitute one immense room with a seating ca- 
pacity, I imagine, for fifteen hundred persons. Every available 
space was occupied. The scene was a most brilliant and strik- 
ing one. The fragrance of rare flowers, mingling with delicate 
Parisian perfume; the handsome toilettes; the costly and 
sparkling gems worn by queenly women, but almost dimmed by 
the radiant luster of their starlike eyes ; the commanding pres- 
ence of brave men, soldiers, diplomats, and civilians from all 
parts of the world ; the soft tones of the inspiring music and 
the gorgeous colors in the background — all combined in- 
stinctively to recall the historic ball at Brussels on eve of bat- 
tle between Wellington and Napoleon, when, Byron tells us, 

" 'There was a sound of revelry by night, 

And Belgium's capital had gathered then 
Her beauty and her chivalry, and bright 

The lamps shone o'er fair women and brave men ; 
A thousand hearts beat happily ; and when 

Music arose with its voluptuous swelL 
Soft eyes looked love to eyes which spake again, 

And all went merry as a marriage bell.' 

"Entranced with the brilliant and beautiful scene, we enjoyed 
the full, sweet tones of the inspiring music, as the splendid 
band rendered many artistic and popular airs. These included 
a number of national anthems, among them those of Germany, 
Great Britain, and the United States. And then rang out the 
'Marseillaise,' the national hymn of the great French Repub- 
lic. The crowd enjoyed all, but gave no audible or visible 
signs of approval. 

"Finally, my fellow-citizens, the quick, glad tones of 'Dixie' 
filled the air. Instantly every reserve light was flashed on ; 
and as the joyous, exhilarating strains grew louder and louder, 
filling the vast hall and reaching from the lofty dome, there 
was spontaneous applause, deafening and prolonged. Before 
realizing it, I found myself on my feet, with tears in my eyes, 
scarcely able to restrain my emotions ; and if you, my fellow- 
Mississippians, had been there, we would have startled the 
astonished ear of Paris for once, at least, with that wild, weird, 
exhilarating cry known to all men as the 'Rebel yell.' 

"This ovation to 'Dixie' was not an accident. The air was 
rendered once again during our stay at the Grand Hotel. 
Again the reserve lights flashed on in its honor, and the ap- 
plause followed, a distinction that was not accorded any other 



national anthem among them all. Why, you ask, is 'Dixie' so 
honored in the far-off land of the French lilies? No one in 
the hotel could tell me; but the cause is not far to seek. It is 
the involuntary homage paid by the civilized world, now that 
we are better understood, to the memory of the Old South, 
once radiant with all 'the glory that was Greece and the 
grandeur that was Rome.' Her record, my countrymen, merits 
these unusual honors, and is one in which we may well take 
pride. The ability of her statesmen, the genius of her military 
leaders, the courage of her soldiers, and the devotion of her 
women have long ago attracted the attention and challenged 
the admiration of all mankind." 



CHAPERON FOR LITTLE ROCK REUNION. 
Juliette Churchill Hankins is the daughter of Gen. Thomas 
J. Churchill, the gallant and well-remembered Confederate of- 
ficer, who was the pride of his soldiers, a granddaughter of 
Senator A. H. Sevier, and a niece of Mrs. Luke P. Black- 
burn, of Kentucky. Mrs. Hankins is an active member of the 






MRS. MASTERS MILTON HANKINS. 

Daughters of the Confederacy, and was chaperon for the 
Arkansas Division at the Reunion in 1904, which met at Nash- 
ville. She is one of the noted Churchill beauties, is most bril- 
liant and attractive, a popular society favorite, and one who 
will reflect credit on the occasion. She is one of those who 
have done much to make the South famous for the charm and 
elegance of her women. A native of the State, Arkansas is 
proud to have her as the representative of the beauty, grace, 
and hospitality of her women. 

Sponsors and maids whose pictures are to be used in the 
May issue should be sent in promptly. 



Qotyfederat^ l/eterai). 



[13 



SENTIMENT OF A UNION VETER IN. 

BY PRIVATE THAYER, PRIVATE .S I ST INDIANA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 

About a year ago 1 first saw a copy of the Confederate 
Veteran in our State Library in Indianapolis. I became in- 
terested in the magazine and subscribed for it. 1 now renew. 
The Yiiikan is to In- commended for its success in keeping 
the present generation correctly informed on the causes that 
precipitated our Civil War. the enduring loyalty of the Con- 
Federate armies, and their splendid achievements. It is good 
too to read of the effective and successful work being done 

by the Daughters of the Confederacy, as set forth in the 
VETERAN, to erect throughout the Southland memorials and 
monuments to perpetuate the fame of their Sp.1rt.1n soldiers 

Vs surely as "truth crushed to earth shall rise again" will 
those who record historic truths and who perpetuate the 
memory of heroes in blocks of stone he classed among such 
immortals as Jefferson Davis and the great souls who led the 
armies of the Confederacy to victory on many a stubborn 
battlefield in defense of the people of the seceding States in 
the rights that were theirs under the Constitution — rights 
that would have been denied them had tiny remained in the 
Union. Surely it was a cause for which it was a great honor 
'11 light and fail than nut In light at all 

I have been a member of George 11. Thomas Post, No. 17. 
I '. \ R., of Indianapolis It is the most prominent Post in 
Indiana, having a membership of about three hundred. Ben- 
jamin Harrison and many other noted officers of the Union 
army, now dead, were members. Capt. William A. Keteham. 
a member of the Thomas Post, introduced the resolution in 
tin recenl national G. A. R. Encampment at Atlantic City to 
have Lee's statue removed from the Hall of Fame at Wash 
ington and the profile of Jefferson Davis removed from the 
battle ship Mississippi. 1 rejoice for my country, and espe- 
cially do I rejoice with the people of the South, that the 
National Encampment had the patriotism to turn down this 
measure. It confirms that open rebellion is not treason; it is 
the right of a free people in wat against despotism. 

1 was present when tin- Keteham resolution was acted mi 
m tlie Post, hut became disgust, ,i with a class of G. \ R 
comrades who persistently schemed to induce the G. A. R. 
10 indorse measures denouncing the people of the South, all 
ibis in face of the fact thai during the history of our country 
"in government has never once had occasion 10 inflict the 
death penalty for treason. During 1 ur great Civil War neither 
the North nor tin- South developed a traitor in the sense that 
Benedict Arnold proved himself a traitor. 1 applied for and 
ed an honorable discharge from the order, I regretted 
the necessity that moved me to such action, foi 1 have evei 
entertained a profound regard and affection fur my com- 
rades of the Union army All who receive the baptism of lire 

m battle are t li ise akin 

I was born seventy-five years ago in Pickensville, Pickens 
. S C. and my mother, Harriet Caroline Osborne, was 
bom and brought up in the same locality, while her mothei 
was born in Virginia. In view of this statement, if I am 
asked how 1 happened i" serve in the Union army against my 
native State, 1 answer: I and two of my brothers believed 
that the war was to bi pri ecuted by the Lincoln administrn 
tion to preserve the Constitution and the Union as bequeathed 
to posterity by our fathers. Believing this, we volunteered 
into the Union army ami served full terms, and all three were 

on the tiring line in a number of the hardest fought hattlcs. 
The Union was saved, hut the Constitution got so badly dis- 
figured that old Tom Jefferson wouldn't know bis own child 



WHAT OTHER NORTHERNERS TlIlXK. 

In a spirit of "friendly criticism" R. I. Holcombe, a sub 
nil. : in the Veteran, writes from St. Paul. Minn.: 
"I like the VETERAN very much and greatly enjoy reading 
■ very article. Of course as a former Union soldier I don'1 
indorse many of the sentiments expressed, hut 1 'don't have 
to* in order to I"' thoroughly interested. Some of the ar 
licles remind me of the scoldings we used hi get during tin 
war in Mississippi. Alabama, and Get rgia From the ladii 
other noncombatants, and inn from prisoners. There was 
a strenuously expressed declaration that the Confederacy was 
sure t" succeed, and now I note that many of its defenders 
.ire StOUtlj asserting that in effect it did succeed. The Van 

were licked in every battle; and when the Confederate 
''in. iie.l. 11 was because they were worn out and exhausted 
from pounding the poor, miserable Union troops. 

"Bully fur the old unreconstructed Reb! Like Artemus 
Ward's kangaroo, he i- 'an amoosin' cuss.' He ».is 'amoosin' ' 
during the war; he is funnier now. But while main articles 
in the VETERAN are worthless as history, many others arc 
truthful, unexaggerated, and reallj valuable. The grains oi 
wheat are recompense for the chaff, ami the Veteran is alto- 
gether of real service in tin preservatii n of American historj 

Mr. Holcombe would like i" have a sketch of the 1 1 ill 
Legion, a South Carolina Confederate organization during the 

war. He served three years and a half in the Federal army. 
hut is of complete Southern lineage, and had many kinsmen 
in the Confederate service. He has never been aide to learn 
anything of the Holcombe Legion save from the incomplet( 
references in the official records of the Civil War. The \ 1 1 
kran would like in kimw something of this organization. 



TRIBUTE TO THE FLAG AM' TO I II 

BY MRS. MARY FAIRFAX CHILDS, Ni w YORK CB VPTER, U. D. C 

Our country's flag, we honor it, fair emblem of the free; 

. long in triumph may it wave, ensign of liberty; 
\nd should we e'er claim alien lands as cycles onward move. 
i'.enealh her sway let them be blessed with justice, peace, and 
|l l\ E 

i his In the flag a tribute we most hcartih accord; 

B it i" the old Confederates— ah, how they love the word! — 
I here was a little banner once they flaunted t" the world. 
Which in a cause at countless cost was torn and stained and 
furled. 

'I was torn by bullet and bj shell darting through the air; 

["was stalled by fall .if daring men who left their 111 
there ; 
' I was furled by lender, trembling hands, as wrap our dead 
we might 

" lay them with a throbbing heart beyond all mortal siglu 

But as night brings out the stars, SO conflict's maddening call 
1'r ught to the fore heroic men thai stood like Jackson's wall, 

Aral who. when advei .- fates oi w.n Forbade them victory 

greet. 
With gracious dignity have shown the grandeur of di 

\; d noble chieftain, Robert Lee, our bright and guiding star. 
Who blazed with purity upon the horizon ol wai 
li oui fair Southern land had borne no son save 01 ■'■ ihce, 
row would still be crowned with wreath of immortality. 

HOTEL St. George, Brooklyn, X. Y„ January 19. 

[This poem was written for a former occasion of celebrating 
the birthday of Gen. R. E. Lee. — Editor.] 



"4 



Qor^federat^ 1/eteraQ. 



DEED OF MONUMEA I 10 SONS OF VETERANS. 

A meeting of Camp 752, Lafayette County (Miss.) Vet- 
erans, U. C. V., was held at Oxford on Thanksgiving day. 
The Camp with a large attendance marched to the Methodist 
church, where they attended divine services, returning thence 
to the courthouse to partake of a bountiful and elegant dinner 
prepared and served by Mesdames R. L. Stephens. W. M. 
Woodward, and Fannie Mayfield. There was delightful music, 
also well-filled tallies. After dinner a smoker was tendered 
to the veterans by their Commander, J. L. Shinault, during 
which the old fellows in reminiscences became young again. 

'1 he Camp ci m veiled in regular annual session for the transac- 
tion of ordinary business ami the election of new officers. All 
the officers were unanimously reelected, from Commander 
down. After the transaction of the regular business, the Camp 
formally conveyed to the local Camp of Sons the beautiful 
Confederate monument erected by this Camp to the memory 
of their departed comrades. Col. J. L. Shinault, Commander 
of the Camp, delivered a deed of conveyance to the monument 
to the Sins nf Veterans with appropriate commendation, ami 
other suitable addressi - were made. In accepting the deed 
of ci nveyancc made to his Camp the Commander of the 
Camp 1 1' Sins of Veterans, Hon. \V. P. Shinault. paid worthy 
tribute to the Confederate soldier. II T. Smith, Esq., Super- 
intendent of Education, paid eloquent tribute to the record 
of the Confederacy. 

Subscriptions were then called for to the fund being raised 
t'i erect a monument to the mothers of the Confederacy by 
the Mississippi Division of the United Confederate Veterans, 
and a liberal stun was contributed. 

'1 be deed of conveyance from the members of Lafayette 
County Camp, No. 752, United Confederate Veterans, of Ox- 
ford. Miss., transfers, conveys, and warrants unto the L. Q. 
C. Lamar Camp, Xo. 220. United Si 11s of Confederate Vet- 
erans, of Oxford, Mis>., the Confederate monument now- 
standing at the s,,ntb gate of the County Courthouse on the 
Public Square in Oxford. Lafayette County, Miss., and 
erected by said Camp of Confederate Veterans to the mem- 
ory of their departed comrades in arms, "to have and to bold 
the same for themselves, their successors, and our lineal 
descendants free from encumbrances, in fee simple forever." 

William Percj Shinault, O mmander of the Sons Camp, 
read officially: "For and in behalf of Camp L. Q. C. Lamar, 
No. 220, United Sons of Confederate Veterans, of Oxford. 
.Miss., I. Commandant of said Camp, do hereby accept the 
foregoing deed and monument conveyed thereby in trust for 
the purpose therein mentioned." 



BRAVE GEORGE BARNHART ZIMPELMAN. 

TRIBUTE BY JOHN M. CLAIBORNE, ADJUTANT ANIl HISTORIAN 
TERRY'S TEXAS RANGERS. 

George Barnhart Zimpelman, a native German, came to 
Texas when a ihild. He enlisted in July. 1861, in Company 
D, Terry's Texas Rangers (8th Texas Cavalry), was sworn 
into the C. S. A. service mi September 5. [861, and served 
from October. [861, to May. 1865, through more than four 
hundred 1 attics and .skirmishes. 

I have often been asked who was the best soldier in tiie 
Rangers; and though I never mei tinned a name, that of 
Zimpelman would to.ne to mind as a fighter. Although a 
private, it was bis fault. He was often selected as a leader 
for dernier resorts and forlorn hopes. Many instances are 
given in my diary kept during the war wherein I noted the 
name of Zimpelman. He was wounded twice in one battle, 
and subsequently twice. 1 re of which maimed him for life, 



yet he remained t 1 the end of the war. On December 17, 1861, 
in the battle of Woodsonville, Ky.. having emptied his gun 
and pistol, he chased and roped a Yank with his caburn. 
Again, when on a raid in the rear of Rosecrans's army in 
1863. the enemy came too near the brow of a bib. Zimpelman, 
Polk the bugler, and Jones the ensign bearer charged an 
entire regiment and put them to flight. He was at till times 
conspicuous: but I particularly refer in my diary to Farming- 
ton, Tenn., Bardstown, Ky., Chickamauga, Ga., ami others. 
Zimpelman had perhaps more horses killed and wounded than 
any other man. George 1! Zimpelman shines no less as a 
citizen than as a soldier. Poor in purse 1 nt rich in energy, 
a bonhomie in his intercourse. 

He was earlj sought for the then difficult and dangerous 
place of sheriff of the capital city of Austin, Travis County, 
Tex., during the days of carpetbagger reconstruction, and 
to him belongs the credit in the prevei tion of bloodshed and 
a holocaust in 1874 when Governor Coke was inaugurated. 

In nature, true, warm, and generous, modest for a man of 
his record, genial in intercourse — in morals he reaches the 
zenith — brave, generous, and deserving of highest laurels, if 
there is a special paradise for true soldiers. Zimpelman will 
be an archangel at death. 

The pioneers of Texas, whose coming antedates the year 
1846, are rapidly joining the great majority. George 1!. Zim- 
pelman was born in Bavaria July 24, 1832, His father. John 
Jacob Zimpelman. was an influential citizen, ami his mother. 
Valentine Hochdoeffer, was a granddaughter of a general 
tinder the Emperor. Much had been published in Germany 
about the new republic of Texas, and young George Zimpel- 
man, having caught its spirit, decided to make bis way thither : 
and be came to Texas in 1845, locating on the Colorado Rivi . 
where he purchased a plantation. In 1856 he located on a 
plantation near Austin, where be pursued stock-raising and 
agriculture until the breaking out of the ('nil War. L'pon the 
first call to arms, in 1861, he volunteered in the defense of his 
country, joining Terry's 'Texas Rangers 




GEORGE e. ZIMPELMAN AND WIFE. 

Mr. Zimpelman married Sarah C. Matthews, daughter of 
'Thomas Matthews, of Essex County, Va. The Matthev - 
family were notable in the colonization of Virginia, Samuel 
Matthews being (lie of the Colonial Governors, and till if the 
family taking part in the histcry-making of that State. 

George B. Zimpelman died en the 1st of January, 190S, sur- 
vived by two sons, d homas and Lee Zimpelman, and one 
daughter. Mrs. Moritz O. Kopperl. of Galveston. Mr. Kopperl 
is a namesake of his father, who was one of the most promi- 
nent and useful men of Galvesti 11. 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai? 



1 1 



■ , : ' ;.\0U ,"! \ 

I l:i' Veteran for Decembei contained an interesting sketcli 
ni" Capt. William Penn Snowden, a native of Tennessee, whose 
famil) moved to Mississippi when he was a lad of 
lii- death occurred at Aberdeen on October 8, 1910. 

The engra\ ing here- 
with given will be a 
pleasing remindi r ot 
the genial, generous 
gentleman who was 
a gallar.l 1 lonfedi 1 ati 
soldier of Company 
I-, i itli Mississippi 
Rcginn 111 I ie partic 
ip i!< I in mai j ol the 

: battli 1 
by the \.nny of North 
em V i r g i 11 i a. \t 
Sharpsburg the regi 
mci t losl e\ ery field 
, .,' .1 1 mirade 
Si.owden wa severe- 
1\ wounded. It is re 
ported that the 
ment lost all but two 
ni" its t wen t j two offi 
1 1 rs, an I but nine- 
ty of four hun- 
dred ind fortj >ix 
pvi\ ates. 

1 mil adi Snowden 
u .! man ied 1 » >n aft 
er the war to Miss 
Hensi in, « li ' li\ I'd 
onl) a short while, leaving one daughter, now Mrs. Dr Ci 
of Bakersfield, Cal. In 1875 he married Miss Mollie Bush, 
his "guiding spirit" For eighteen years, when he was left again 

Two daughters had blessed this union, who an 
Mrs. J. S. Cavett and Mrs \ Mcintosh, of Noxubei County, 
'ill - Ills surviving wife was Mrs. Will Hodges, who was his 
loving helpmeet and a fond mother to his orphan children He 
steemed bj all who kn< « him, : 1 good 1 ame. 




capt. \\ . p. 



SNOW HI N 



1 / 1//' CH.IS1 
\\ 1 in 1. .hi mill - from 1 ilumbu . ' thi 1, is .1 place « In 1 

ling 1 se< in- c let rail) to dwell a pi 

1 irests . yet on 1 Camp 

Prisi 11, in which want and suffi ring held high revel. 
la r . 1 General vkClellan wa ordered to send his prisi m 
1 I . 1 garding iail i 1 ecurc, Go\ William 

I >< 111:1- ordered thi erccl 11 of bat on 0111 land which 

n:in n: lea ni. thesi barracks forming what was 
1 1 Chasi I In- was 1 >r in i \ ates and 11 
missioned officers, tli iffi 1 carried to J >hns m's Is 

land, in Laki I 1 ii 
'I In- in -t prisom in Camp I ivi n ft 0111 tin 13d \ ir- 

R iiiiiiit. who wen captured in tin Kanawha Valley; 
but tin I irtunatc than most, were soon ex 

changed. More rapidb took theii places, howevei and in 

l863 tin 1 I uil'i 1 Ight till Hi .1' 11 Co Hi!.;, 1 

n this one prison. In 1863 three women, a mother and 
two daughti rs cighti en and sixteci 

in Nashville, 1'vnn., win 1 1 < 1.1 prisoners in 1 



Chase. These ladies had been ver) active in giving in 
tion in leaders and in aiding Confederate soldiers. 

The lesse of the land, which was held b) the government 
continued till April. 1879, when the plao I bj 

-' ivernment authority and held as a Confederate cent tery, as 
two thousand three hundred Southern soldiei wi buried 
there While Rutherford B. Hayes was Governor of Ohio, 
1 !n cemeterj was pul in good order and a man wa en 1 
tn take . in ,1 ii . I111 in m 1111 a' Bishop refused to al! nv this 
expenditure of twenty-five dollars a year, and tin 
was allowed to grow up in weeds and underbrush. Wh 11 Sen 
ator Foraker was made Governor, he called the attention of 
tin " vernment !■> the neglected condition of the gra\ 
and an appropriation was made to put it in ordei anil main- 
tain it. A substantial stoiK wall has taken the place of the 
wooden fence which had surrounded the 1 meten 
fence wa- built of the plank- from the old ban n the) 

were torn down after the war. 



IX 1 LD ( / MP 1 II ISE 

i:n 1 1 11 \l;r, VI i,l! 

(To the in, nn -I \ of the brave C mfederal es ivho 

in tin- ( , 1 ha -1 1 ,in, 1,1 ■, . .,1 ( iolumbus, 1 Ihio < 

I In y sleep afar where they sighed for honn 

'I hose i'Ih \ aliers in graj : 
'I hey i'.'im|i l« ni ath the stat lit di une 

In a spct -n far away. 
For them no mure the bugle call, 

For them no more the drum ; 
Where n isi 1 In guai ded pi ison wall 

I In silent 1 - are dumb. 

I lie sunbeams fall upon their camp, 

I nguarded now and till ; 
I ' 11 them ni 1 nn ire the sentrj '- 1 ramp. 

No more the iron w ill : 
Wnli thoughts 1 1' Si iiililaml dear ii tin 111 

I hej bravely bore their lot ; 
Love's hand hath formed then ih.nl, in. 

Whii h ne'er \\ ill bi 1' irgi 1 

I In I" ,\ u In ' \\n e h nli pride hi- g 

I'm side tin- \ eiei ,ni died. 
No mother's hand with gentle sway 

t !i mid stem the dat k't ing tidi . 
Ami when the wild delirium came 

In 11 ih life nt it - 1 
Thc\ yearned amid the fever's flame 

I ■ 1 ii. 1 ;i sister's I i 

Far fn m the battle's fierj strife, 

I lei 1 l.\ the captive's thrall, 
1 ,'iii l.leil up a hen 1'- lit'. 

\\e. gladly gave In- all 
In .li 1 .mi- the) ,m ,1 banner \\ av e 

\nn.l the gi I'hn -tar-. 
\111l prayed that puissant hand would 

I he banner of the bars 

I ll Ugh in the \'i rthl.uiil in w the) -I 

lii silence thn ugh tin' In iuts, 

: i year In math the - 
I heir gra> es are decki 1 « ith tl >w 
"I he Smith remembei - ever) "in 
'I hough the) he fat aw a) . 

Atnl ll i\ e reel I >\\ 11- in' 

lii iihl Camp t la) 



I 10 



Qoi)federat<£ l/eteraij. 




MAJ. JOSEPH W. ANDERSON, A VIRGINIAN. 

In the spring of 1905 correspondence was had with relatives 
of Maj. Joseph W. Anderson, of Virginia, and interesting data 
sent with photograph, and the long delay is regretted. 

Joseph W. Anderson, son of John T. and Cassandra M. 
Anderson, was born in Fincastle. Va., December 19, 1836. He 
graduated at the University of Virginia in 1859. and was 
married very soon afterwards to 
Susan W., daughter of Dr. J 
M. Morris, of Louisa County. 
Va. Although he w-as educated 
for a lawyer, that profession was 
not congenial to his taste, while 
he was fond of the military spirit 
and imbued with the chivalrous 
sentiment of military life. 

In 1861 he entered the Con- 
federate service as captain of an 
infantry company in his native 
State, and served gallantly under 
Gens. J. E. Johnston and Beaure- 
gard. Upon the recommendation 

r r- , D , , MAT. JOSEPH W. ANDERSON. 

of General Beauregard he was 

transferred to the artillery service. During the spring of 
[862 he served under Gen. E. Kirby Smith in Kentucky and 
Tennessee. In this service he was conspicuous in leading a 
gallant charge at Tazewell, Tenn. In December, 1862, he 
was ordered to Vicksburg with his artillery. Immediately 
upon his arrival he went into a fight December 29, and gave 
the enemy some parting shots. In January he was promoted 
to major and to chief of artillery to Stevenson's Division. 

On May 16, 1863, was fought that sanguinary battle of 
Baker's Creek, about midway between Jackson and Vicksburg. 
After five hours of conflict, an infantry charge was ordered, 
and in it Major Anderson volunteered to lead the 40th Geor- 
gia. The lines of the enemy were broken temporarily, but 
rhe gallant Virginian fell mortally wounded. His friends 
were forced to leave him on the field. Later he was found by 
Surgeon Van Dyke, of Georgia, who removed him to the field 
hospital; but he had suffered so great loss of blood that he 
expired during the night. The Surgeon spoke words of 
praise to Major Anderson for his gallant service, and he 
replied : "I am prepared to die. I am resigned to my fate." 

A sister-in-law writes of him: "A nobler, more unselfish 
man never lived." His father was in Mississippi at the time, 
but no coffin could be procured, so his body was simply 
wrapped in a blanket. In November, 1863, Colonel Ander- 
son, accompanied by a servant, Albert, who had been with 
Major Anderson from the time of the battle of Bull Run, went 
to Mississippi and took the body to the grand old home in 
Botetourt County, Va., and buried it in the Fincastle Ceme- 
tery, where a simple stone marks the grave. 



MAJ, JOHN WILLIAM JOHNSTON. 

[Joseph R. Anderson, of Lee, Va., President V. M. I. 
Alumni Association, kindly sends extracts from the University 
(Virginia) Memorial, published by Rev. J. L. Johnson. 

At the time of the John Brown raid the Mounted Rifles 
in Botetourt County, Va., was organized, with William W. 
Boyd as captain. Joseph W. Anderson was afterwards cap- 
tain, and subsequently chief of artillery of Stevenson's Di- 
vision, and was killed at Baker's Creek, May 16, 1863. Before 
the secession of Virginia the company was reorganized with of- 
ficers as follows: Captain, Joseph W. Anderson; Lieutenants. 
Philip Peters. John W. Johnston. Henry C. Dnuthat. 



Before the expiration of the company's first year's service 
Captain Anderson obtained an order from the War Department, 
upon the recommendation of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, com 
manding the Army of Northern Virginia, which authorized 
him to change his arm of the service from infantry to 
mounted artillery. "This excellent officer, supported by worthy 
and gallant lieutenants and one hundred and fifty men, a 
majority of whom had passed through the first year in active 
service, the others having been recruited by Lieutenant John- 
ston early in 1862, reported at Camp Lee (Richmond) in the 
latter part of January, 1862," to be organized, drilled, and 
equipped as an artillery company. "In general orders Cap- 
tain Anderson was placed in charge of the camp of instruc- 
tion," and later "special orders were issued authorizing Cap- 
tain Anderson to run a battery of six brass guns." "The bat- 
tery being now entitled to four lieutenants, two first and two 
second, William P. Douthat was elected junior second, and 
Lieutenants Johnston and H. C. Douthat were advanced. 

"The Tredegar Iron Works had nearly completed their 
armament, and Captain Anderson, his officers, and men were 
in high spirits." When the Department issued an order for 
this battery (it being in the most forward state of prepara- 
tion of all the batteries at Camp Lee) to move at once, regard- 
less of outfit, to East Tennessee, wdiere an active campaign 
was soon to be waged with such material and resources as 
were at hand there, it fell to the lot of Anderson's Battery to 
go. It was a sad day to officers and men to leave behind them 
guns which were nearly ready to be issued to them ; but they 
keenly appreciated the compliment of being chosen as the first 
battery sufficiently advanced in instruction to leave the camp. 

At Knoxville on reporting to Gen. E. Kirby Smith in Aprii. 
1862, the battery was furnished with iron guns, which were 
replaced at Chattanooga in December, 1862, by six brass pieces 
from the Tredegar Works, Richmond. 

Lieutenant Johnston served with his battery throughout the 
spring and summer campaign of 1862. He was engaged in the 
battle of Tazewell, or Waldron's Ridge, August 6, and served 
during the investment of Cumberland Gap, August and Sep- 
tember. After the evacuation of Cumberland Gap, he accom 
panied his battery, attached to Barton's Brigade, Stevenson's 
Division, through Kentucky to Frankfort and back again 
through Cumberland Gap to Lenoir's Station. Thence his 
battery was ordered to Murfreesboro, and from there in De- 
cember, 1862, to Vicksburg, and arrived during the battle of 
Chickasaw Bayou, December 2" and 28, and was soon gal- 
lantly engaged. The enemy was repulsed, and the batten 
went into camp at Vicksburg. 

On January 28, 1863, the appointment of Captain Ander 
son as chief of artillery of Stevenson's Division was announced 
in general orders. Lieut. Philip Peters took command of the 
battery, and Lieutenant Johnston was promoted to junior first 
lieutenant. On March 18, 1863, Lieutenant Johnston was an- 
nounced in general orders as captain of Anderson's Battery, 
which was afterwards known as the "Botetourt Artillery." 
Captain Anderson having been promoted to major of artillen 
and Lieutenant Peters having declined promotion r.nd retain- 
ing his original rank, both Major Anderson and Ca"ain John 
ston took rank from January 28, 1863. 

On October 28, 1863, the battery broke camp at Warrenton 
and marched with Tracy's Alabama Brigade to reenforce Gen- 
eral Bowen below Vicksburg. "Captain Johnston, who had 
been detached on court-martial duty, left Vicksburg on the 
evening of April 30, and after riding all night reached and 
crossed Bayou Pierre at daybreak May I," and in a very few 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?. 



1 1 



minutes the battle of Bayou Pierre, or Port Gibson, began. 
Very soon an order came t<> send two guns to the left to 
operate with Green's Missourians. * * * Tbe battle raged 
with fury, the enemy being found in overwhelming force, hav- 
ing six divisii ns at least, i f which four wen' actively engaged, 
with a number of inferior batteries of rifle and other guns. 
Our largest force engaged at any tune during tbe day were 
three brigades, less than four thousand live hundred men. Yet 
our gallant troops held their line anil tbe men fought on with 
dogged pertinacity and devotion worthy of a belter fate." * * * 

It was here that tin noble General ["racy was killed. Cap- 
tain Johnston lost in killed Lieutenants Peters and William 
P. Douthat and Orderly David Leips and two privates. The 
total loss of the Botetourt Artillery in this battle in killed, 
wounded, and captured was about fortj li\< officers and men, 
rtfty-three horses, ami four guns. Late in tbe day Captain 
Johnston was disabled. 

In tbe battle of Baker's Creek, in which Maj. Joseph W. 
Anderson, chief of artillery, was mortally wounded while both 
be and Captain Johnston were trying to re-form Barton's 
regiments, tbe latter behaved with great gallantry. After this 
battle Captain Johnston was promoted to chief of artillery, 
via Anderson, killed, The Botetourt Artillery, being weak- 
ened by losses before and during the siege of Vicksburg, was 
transferred to Western Virginia. Major Johnston remained 
South and went in command of a battalion of artillery until 
the surrender of April, 1865. 




MAJ. JOHN w . JOHN! o' 

John William Johnston, second son of John Nash Johnston 
and Eliza Ogilvie Bell, was bom at Pattonsburg Botetourt 
County, Va., Jul I osing bis father while yet a child, 

1 bis widowed niotlni and hei- 
fer children. Ih edu ation he received from the local 
schools and at Hon. J, \Y Brockenborough's excellent law 



school at Lexington. Only twenty-two when Virginia se- 
ecded, be at once volunteered and entered the Confederate 
service as second lieutenant in the company of which his friend, 
Jos, pb \Y. Anderson, was captain. His military record: 
May id, [861, second lieutenant 28th Virginia Infantry, C. S 
A. December, 1861, lirst lieutenant Anderson's Battery Light 
Artillery. January. 1863, captain Botetourt Artillery (for 
merlj Anderson's Battery). July, 1863, captain and inspectoi 
general of artillery on Maj. Gen. C L. Stevenson's staff 

M.Mih. |N()|. major of artillery, commanding Johnston's Bat 
talion Light Artillery. 

He was engaged at First Manassas, Tazewell, Tennessee, 
of Cumberland Gap, Port Gibson, or Bayou Pierre 
(wounded here). Raker's Creek, siege of Vicksburg, Dalton. 
Ga. (wounded), Tilton, Resaca (Minie ball in thigh), Co- 
lumbia. Tenn., Franklin. Nashville, and Salisbury, X. C. Being 
on detached duty, he surrendered at this latter place two days 
after the surrender of his kinsman. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston 

lb' was a gallant and accomplished officer, with much per- 
sonal magnetism and a record for courage and determination, 
loved alike by bis men and bis fellow-officers. In reports he 
was frequently mentioned for gallant eon, but. 

After tbe surrender he returned to bis native county, and 
there engaged in tbe practice of law, a profession in which he 
achieved marked success, lie married Miss Elizabeth Alexan- 
der, of Moorelield, W. Va., a woman lovely and beloved. She 
died in 1880, having borne him six children: Mary. Eloise. 
Anne. John, Walter, and Elizabeth. Mary, the eldest, is the 
author of "Prisoners of Hope," "To Have and to Hold," 
"Lewis Rand." etc. [We understand that she will publish 
ibis spring a novel tbe action of which takes place between 
ibr secession of Virginia ami the battle of Chancellorsville 

Its title will be "Idle Long Roll," and it is dedicated to tlu 
memory of her father and of her kinsman. Gen. Joseph E 
Johnston.] 

Major Johnston served several years in tbe Virginia Legis- 
l.iline. Later he became interested in various internal im 
provcincnt enterprises. He was President of the James Rivet 
Kanawha Canal Company, then of the Buchanan and Clifton 
Forge Railway Company, then Vice President and General 
Managei of the Richmond and Danville Extension Company 
then President of the Georgia Pacific Railroad Company. His 
business interests calling him to Alabama, he removed with 
In- f.muK to Birmingham, where he resided for a number of 
years. This period was followed b\ a 1, [del f six years 

in Xew York, .after which be and bis daughters returned ti 
Virginia, making their borne m Richmond. 

His health somewhat failing. Major Johnston retired during 

the last several years of bis life from active business interests 
To the last, however, he kept bis strong understanding, hi- 
ke, 11. broad, and unfailing interest in all that concerned hi- 
country and humanity. He was a very lovable man. upright, 
. simple, ami sincere. He died on the 25th of May, 1905. 
aftei -I -bolt illness, and was buried in Hollywood, at Rich 

111011,1 '1 be in-eriptioii on the stone at hi I have 

fought a good tight. I have finished mj course, I have kept 
tin 1, nib" Hi- interest in Confederate matters was evet 

slant and w n in 



( li 11, 1 al Stephens, n in bis report of th( Bal 
tie mentions Mai. J. W. Anderson (see sketch la 

ntlj falling in full discharge ol in- duties" and Capt. J 
\\ I hn tot ■ extremity." and 

ntions Captain Johnston i ! while 

inspector of light artillery "for valt ice rendet 



it8 



QoQfederat^ Veterai}. 



HONORING THE MOTHERS OF THE CONFEDERACY. 

[Extracts from later of E. W. Blanchard, Greenwood, Miss | 

I ns at tin- Reunion of Confederate Veterans in Little 
Rock have tin- mi thers, wives, sisters, ami sweethearts of war 
times for our - nsot and maids of honor. I hey suffered 
more than we did at the fronl in the sixties. Our mothers, 
sisters, wives, and sweethearts were at home taking care of 
everything and urging their loved ones to remain at the front 
in defense of homes and firesides. Had it not been for the 
true womanhood of our Southland, the men would not have 
remained in the army. 

Many old veterans, good and true, will net attend cur Re- 
unions because everything is given over to the younger people. 
The old soldiers are pushed to the rear. I heard a veteran 
say he wi uld not attend another of our Reunions because at 
our last Reunion in New Orleans a young staff officer to one 
of the generals displayed himself on horseback, and he knew 
that th father of that young man was at home during the 
four years i f the war stealing cotton, horses, cattle, and ac- 
tually robbing the wives of Confederate soldiers who were in 
the army. God bless the old women! Let us make them our 
spi i: ■ and maids (if honor. 

Let the suns and daughters of veterans attend, for they 
will have to keep up the organizations in a few more years 

Nothing would be grander than In -ee our headquarters car- 
riages m the parade with the dear old ladies seated in them. 
As an old veteran I would like to be one i f the special escort 
to walk by the side of the carriage conveying those dear old 
ladies who went through the war from 1861 to 1865. 

[Comrade Blanchard is correct in his idea to honor the old 
women above .ill others at our Reunions, for that manifestly 
sacred duty is too often neglected; but a more conservative 
spirit is necessary. While Camps, Brigade and Division or- 
ganizations elect Commanders who pursue a different course, 
the manifest injustice is unavoidable. The veterans have t Ii i - 
power, but the work must be done at home — before the Re- 
unions. Our main sacred duties in maintaining the organiza- 
tions require that we do the best wc can, yet stand together 
until "taps." I 

TRIALS in III GEN. IOHN II. MORGAN. 

[A chapter from the "Memoirs" of John Allan Wyeth, M.D., 
LL.I)., with Gen. John II. Morgan's cavalry in [862-63.] 

In the late summer of [862 a squadron of Morgan's Kentucky 
cavalry in command of Maj. Basil \Y Duke marched into 
Guntersville, Ala., my native town. They left at our home 
in my mother's care Lieut. Frank Brady, who bad suffered an 
injury to one knee in a skirmish a day or two before at 
Whitesburg Landing, mi the Tennessee River. 

Of Irish extraction, bom and reared near Georgetown, in the 
blue grass region. Brady was at this linn- about twenty-five 
years of age. of athletic build, graceful carriage, handsome 
features, possessing withal an attractive personality. Toother 
charm, was added a well-trained voice, and he sang with feel- 
ing and expression many of the popular songs of that day. 
Among these 1 still recall "Lorena," "Bonnie Mary of Ar- 
gyle," and "Johnny Has Gone for a Soldier." 

As I was then seventeen years old, full of the military spirit 
and anxious to go to the war, it was no wonder I took a great 
liking to Lieutenant Brady; and 1 can picture him now after the 
lapse of forty-eight years as in his neat ami well-litting uni- 
form, bis handsome face partly shaded by a broad-brimmed 
black felt bat. one side of which was fastened to the crown by 
a silver crescent, with saber and pistol swinging from his belt, 
he sat his horse, my boyish ideal of a cavalryman. 



When in the middle of December he left to rejoin his com- 
mand at Murfreesboro, my parents gave their consent for un- 
to go with him to "take a look at the army." My military outfit 
for this campaign was a small, short-barreled "five-shooter" 
(about twenty-two caliber 1, a toy practice pistol, scarcelj ef- 
fective at the distance of a few feet, and then only if the 
bullet struck a vital spot. 

We reached Murfreesboro on December 20, [852. Morgan's 
command was then assembled at Alexandria. Term., and the 
next day Brady reported there for duty and was assigned to 
Quirk's Scouts. During his absence a reorganization had 
taken place. Morgan's famous "Old Squadron" had grown 
into tw r o small brigades of about seventeen hundred and fifty 
each. Some of the survivors of the veteran companies had 
been distributed among the regiments a- officers, while tin- 
remainder, about fifty in all. were organized into a companj 
to act as -coins or videttes to obtain information concerning 
the enemy and in the main to move in advance. 




1 APT. TOM QUIRK. 

( If this ci nipany Tom Quirk, a dare-devil "Blue Grass" 
Irishman, was made captain. 1 was told that he had kept a 
candy store in Lexington; hut with the inherited courage an,] 
love of adventure of his race he couldn't stay behind a counter 
when he could get behind a gun. So he "shut up shop," vol- 
unteered in Morgan's original squadron, and soon attracted 
attention by his tirele-s activity and indifference to danger. 
His bravery was unquestioned. I ut lie did not possess other 
qualities which make a capable and successful leader. A blue 
coat to him was like a red Hag to a mad hull, and he went .,' 
it on all occasions without regard to anything or anybodj 
None the less every man in his company liked him and fol- 
lowed him without hesitation. 1 emphasize "followed" because 
this wild Irishman never lei any one get ahead of him in going 
into a fight, and he didn't know how to quit and retire grace- 
fully. 

When we reached Alexandria, the camp was in a stir. Ji bn 
II. Morgan, who had made the brilliant capture of a large 



^0F}federat<^ l/eterap 



1 19 



Federal command at Hartsville a short while before, had 
just been made a brigadier general, and a week earlii 
been married to Miss Ready, of Murfreesboro, was now un ler 
orders to move to the rear of Rosecrans's army and di 
bis communications by tearing up the Louisville & Nashville 
Railroad in Kentucky. The troops had just heard tlii- great 
news; and as marly the entire command was made of Ken- 
tuckians, they were wild with enthusiasm to \i--ii their homes 
or gel as neai them as possible. \s 1 had not yet "seen the 
army," I asked Lieutenant Brady to let me go along, and to my 
delight lir assented I joined the scouts as an independent 
and away we marched on the famous Christmas raid My 
small stature and boyish appearance led to my baptism by 
ro 1 mrades as "Little Johnnie," and each member of the 
company, from the captain and Lieutenants Gardner and Brad} 
down even to "old cussin' Hutch," Billy Miller, and the 
"Badger," 51 med to think il his special duty to look out for 
me. As for myself, I never felt biggei On Fanny, my beau- 
tiful ami spirited little thoroughbred mare, the equal of any 
thing in that or any other mmand, and with .1 five sho tei 
pistol in mj pocket, I fell an importance I had never before 
11,11m il. 

Morgan's nun were in high feather, and they were a line lol 
;hters none better. They fell short of their full useful- 
ness, however, as did practically all our Western mounted 
troops, by the absence of that strict discipline, without which 
no men evet maki the best 1 1 soldiers. I\\,i demi-hrigades 
formed, on< under ( ol Basil \\ . Duke, and the other 
under Col W C P. Breckinridge, about thirty five hundred 
in all. Morgan reported thirtj one hundred with guns and 
seven pieces of artillery. The unarmed nun wen - >on fm 
by tin en< my with all they 1 quit ed Early on D 
1 1 mbi 1 22 «r started 1 11 what turned out to be an exciting ex- 
perience and oni ' ' Hi 1 most trying of my life, always except 
Camp \l irton Prison sojourn. Neither men nor horses 
011 thai wild sweep through Kentucky wen spared until we 
d Libi I un . not far from our starting point, fifteen 

days later; but notwithstanding the cold and fatigui and lo 
"i sleep, I w< uld not have missed 11 for any consideration 
There was something contagious in the spirit, the "clan" of 
an's troopers I never met with in other commands in 
which I In < aim a "veteran." ("heir enthusiasm was an epi 
demic which spared no one, in 1 even the "indi pen li nl ;i lut 

I In ) idi ili ed Ji 1I111 II \l irgan, win 1 at tin u I 1 

F thi . 1 pedition reachi d the : enith oi his gli iry Later 
lidenc in the ability of General Bragg, chafed undei 
the restraint placed upon him by the disciple ol Hi 1 Point, 
and in direct disregard of the crders of tin commander in 
chief crossed the Ohio and destroyed himself and his splendid 
command in the ill starred Indiana raid in July, [863 

Lati in 1 In- 1 la 1 ll uts forded the Cumberland River not 

•in Carthage, Tenn., and a few mill Farthei on biv- 
ouacked for the night. This was my first experience in sleep 
ing "ii tin- ground in the ■ ]"'" air in wintei As it was not 
verj cold, with an abundant supply of wcod which had been 
cut and corded long enough to becomi well seasoned I 
ingly for our use), wc made great fires, and I ieutenant Brady 
ami I "snugged up" between our oilcloths and blankets, with 
our saddh - 1". 1 pill iws, ami slept the sleep of the wearj 1 In 
the 23d wc rode all day .11 good speed, camped again undei 
•. . and tin next day, Christmas eve, just at dark, wen 
in sight of Glasgow, the county seat oi Barren 1 ounty, Kj 

II 1 . idem hi .li-; espect to a stafl 1 iffii 1 1 « Im 1 

impressed me with the great lack of discipline in this com 



mand, or at least in Quirk'- Scouts, 1 lui placi was in advanci 
of the main column fn 111 one to fi ur miles, and the mi 
ways felt a resentment when any othei tri 0] wi n ... ived 1 
go I" the front. One great advantage of this position v.. 
I", being first on the ground wi got tin ch lice of tin .fat 1 f 
the land; and when we struck a town at night and could -tiip. 
w< took possession of the livery -.tallies for our horse 
the hotel beds for ourselves before tin main column swarmed 
in. Mi reover, we didn't neglect the stores, the proprieti 1 
which, uninformed of our approach, had not had time to il" e 
their doors or renn ve their goi <U General Morgan had 
brother, a major, on his staff who was not popular, at 
so it seemed with Quirk's nun. \s we were entering the 
suburbs of Glasg >\ just at .lark this brother in brilliant staff 
uniform, escorted by a squadron, dashed up behind us at a 
gallop, evidently bent on reaching ti wn first and securing [or 
himself and thi General and staff the be 1 quarters available. 
As the) iinl, through us one of cur company shouti 1 at the 
top of lii- \ lice, "No danget ahead, boys; Charlton Morgan's 
to tin front," which remark, although not justified (for 
this sami officer bad been wounded at Shiloh), wa ipplauded 
by a loud laugh on the part 1 1 the scouts which met with no 
reprimand. 

The diagnosis of no danger, however, was not correct, fot m 1 
as ilii-- squadron reached 1 ne corner ol the Public Square 
eral companii cf the 2d Michigan Cavalry [Compan 1 ' 
inn Darrow in command, supported by Companies I M 
II, '.I Michigan Cavalry, p [48, "Official Records," Volume 
\\ I, with no idea that Morgan's men were in that pan ol 
tin world, rode into sight across tin square Both sides fired 
1 -1 range One Federal was killed and two wounded, 
and a Confederate captain and one soldiei wen mortally and 
one lieutenant slightly wounded Captain Quirk hurried us 
in the direction 1 f the firing, and we arrived in time to profit 
li\ the success of the fray. Frank Brady took charge of the 
captain and adjutant of this regiment, who was on< of some 
twenty prisoners taken, and gave me the captain's bridle and 
saddle ["his saddle was a McClellan tree with brass mount 
ings, padded cover, thick felt sad lie blanket, with breast 
crupper, it wain pn if roll and six buckled leathers fot hold 
irage sack, blankets, and oilcloth secure I Im bridle 
tot the least valuable item of this acquisition; and as 1 
viewed Fanny in her royal outfit by the light of tin 
Christmas morning • f 1862, I thought and still think >lu- wa- 
the prettiest thing 1 ever saw on four legs Si" and 
wiili this saddle through many scenes of trial and dangi 
when my hour of disaster came (and it nevet came until I 
had lost my spirited, intelligent, and aim >sl hum; n I anny 1, 
I hid it in the hi ill iw of a largi trei on thi 1 
W n' Ridgi with the Michigan captain's name -till in- 

cribed tl 11 Several of the captured Yanl Christ 

ma. turkey - sti apped to tin ii saddles, prepat ing fot 
nmi 1 -i Wi lepl in beds that 1 on 

wen uttdi 1 shelter. 

iin the 25th we started North at daybreak on the Muni 
\illc Turnpike, and stopped an hour at noon I ' wait 

f 11 the main column to ci me up I 1"' sun was shin 

iim , unusually w arm for Ch 11 thi 

tn, n General Morgan had* overtaken "- earlier in thi 
and rodi some distance with our company, which 
in, in . \, . Ik nt oppoi im it ( man, 

trance an i 

tidsi nm t," 1 pai tly 

brow n or sandy and 1 npet ial II '1 me 



I20 



^oi?federat<^ l/eterai). 



as being above the average in size, and, as usual with South- 
erners [John H. Morgan was born at Huntsville, Ala., and 
reared in Lexington, Ky.]. was at home on horseback. An- 
other observation at this time made a lasting impression on 
my mind and one not altogether favorable, as my mother had 
brought me up to believe that even mere moderate drinking 
was objectionable — namely, an interchange of those courtesies 
between our captain and our general, which legend ascribes to 
the Governors of North and South Carolina. I do not men- 
tion this now in any sense of disrespect or as in the least a 
reflection on this brave and noble man ; but I am writing facts, 
and state exactly what I saw. Every one knows (or can 
know) that General Morgan never drank to excess. He was 
too great a soldier and too conscientious a commander to en- 
danger by his own conduct the lives of the men he loved better 
than his own. 

When the head of the column came up and halted to feed, 
we mounted and rode on. As we approached a small settle 
inent known as "Bear Wallow" one of the videttes came tear- 
ing back at full speed and shouted out as he drew near: "Yan- 
kees thick as hell up the road." We were quickly told to 
"load and cap" our guns, and then rode briskly forward to a 
rise in the road, and there some four or five hundred yards in 
front of us in a line of battle which extended a hundred yards 
or more on either side of and across the pike were at least 
two hundred mounted men in blue. ["War Records," Volume 
XX., Part I., p. 151. Two companies of the 4th and 5th 
Indiana Cavalry under Col. Isaac P. Gray.] There was an- 
other company we did not see then, but saw later to our sor- 
row, for they were in ambush on the side of the road along 
which our Irish captain was to lead us in a charge. Thest 
were the first real live fighting Yankees I had seen, and they 
made a very fine appearance. 

As we reached this point Captain Quirk yelled out, "Charge 
'em, d — 'em," and down the pike we fifty rode at full tilt. As 
we started on this reckless ride, I went with the crowd with 
my small five-shooter in one hand all ready for slaughter, 
when one of the men, seeing the absolute uselessness of such 
a weapon, advised me to drop out. In reply to a remon- 
strance he handed me his gun, a long-barreled Austrian rifle, 
saying: "Then you'd better take this, as I have two army 
sixes." All this occurred in a few seconds as we were gal- 
loping in columns of four toward the Federals. Our war- 
like approach did not seem to disconcert the men in blue, who 
were now in plain view, horses aligned and carbines ready 
and glinting in the Christmas sunlight. Their attitude evi- 
dently had made an impression on our captain; for when about 
two hundred yards from them, as we reached a slight depres- 
sion in the road, he halted us, called off horse holders, and 
ordered us to dismount and advance on foot. As we reached 
the top of the rise the forty-odd of us bent over, and, ad- 
vancing in a lane which had a high worm fence on either side, 
the Federal line blazed away at us, and such a whizzing of 
bullets I had never before heard. Their line, not over a hun- 
dred yards away, was fully two hundred yards in length ; and as 
their fire converged upon our small group in the roadway, the 
effect may be imagined. We crouched as low as we could, 
took refuge in the fence corners, and began firing. 

The most surprising feature of this affair was that I was not 
so scared as I expected to be, certainly not half so much so 
as in a bushwhacking episode, where there was no danger as 
compared to this. I rested my big gun on a rail, and through 
a crack in the fence took deliberate aim at one of the Yankees, 
who from his having a sword in his hand I took to be an 



officer, and fired. To my disgust he didn't tumble from his 
horse. As my comrade had given me his gun without includ- 
ing the cartridge belt, this shot ended my part of the fight 




GEN. JOHN H. MORGAN. 

However, had I had a bushel of ammunition, it would have 
been of no use now, for before I could have rammed a charge 
in this muzzle-loader for another round we were treated to 
a rude surprise. 

Company C, 5th Indiana Cavalry, which had been hidden 
from view in a hollow to our right, charged up to within a 
few yards of the road, right abreast of our position, and gave 
us a volley at almost muzzle range. One of our men, "Old 
Hutch" by nickname, was shot in the hand, and announced the 
fact with a loud oath, and our doughty captain received two 
scalp wounds and was not in the best of humor. At this fusil- 
lade the horse holders and horses stampeded to the rear, and, 
to add to the seriousness of our predicament, the Yankees in 
front charged down on us, and then a miniature Waterloo, 
"sauve qui peut," took place. Five of our company, the 
"Badger" among them, foolishly took refuge in a dwelling 
near the roadside and were captured. The rest of us scram 
bled over the opposite fence and made strides for a black-jack 
or scrub oak thicket, which seemed to me a long way off, but 
really wasn't. The run for this copse was expedited by the 
pot shots from the Hoosier cavalrymen, who never let up on 
us until we had disappeared from view in the tangled thicket 
Just as I reached the edge and turned to see if we were being 
closely followed I encountered Captain Quirk, bareheaded, hit 
face streaked with blood running from two scalp wounds. The 
part which had no blood on it was almost as red with anger, 
and he was swearing like a trooper at his own men for 
running like cowards, seemingly unmindful that there was 
such a thing in the world of humor as an "Irish bull." For- 
tunately for us the Yankees stopped ; for had they pressed us 
closely, few could have escaped. Forrest's rudely expressed 
maxim that "the time to whip the enemy was when you had 
him running" if carried out hcr e would have landed Quirk's 
company, their doughty captain, and one "independent scout" 
in a Northern military prison. 

We hurried through the brush in the direction of our ad 



Qo^federat^ l/eterat}. 



121 



vancing column, recovered our horses, and as the advance 
guard arrived formed with them, and this time made a sure- 
enough charge. The enemy broke, and in the pursuit I "in 
Quirk, off in front as usual, got close enough to one of the 
hindmost Hoosiers and killed him with his pistol. Two others 
surrendered. [Colonel Gray, p. 151, Volume XX., "Official 
Records," reports the Confederate loss as "nine killed and, 
as mar as I can ascertain, twenty two wounded and five 
prisoners." The last item is correct; but none were killed 
and i.nly two wounded. His own loss he reports as "one killed 
and two captured."] The excitement being over, we marched 
on toward the Green River crossing, near which we over- 
hauled a huge sutler's wagon, the contents of which were un- 
ceremoniously appropriated even to a box of women's shoes, 
which the boys gallantly distributed to the houses on the line 
a march. That night we camped in the woods a few miles 
from Upton Station, on the Louisville & Xashville Railroad. 

In the early morning of December -•(> it began to drizzle; 
.im\ as we struck the railroad at Upton, we saw several Un- 
ion soldiers walking along the track, each with his gun mi 
his shoulder. Under orders, we spurred our horses vapidly 
forward. Captain Quirk, pistol in hand, shouted to them to 
surrender, at the same time firing over their heads. Before 
any one else could shoot the men threw up their hands 

Here General Morgan overhauled the scouts, and I wit 
uessed a very interesting incident. Attached to the General's 
staff was a telegraph operator, an attractive, quick-witted, 
clever young man. apparently about twenty-five years old. 
named Ellsworth, better known in the command as "Light- 
ning." He acquired ibis sobriquet when on a former occasion, 
having tapped a wire and interposed his instrument (which, 
being a pocket affair, did not always give the most perfect 
satisfaction), its wobbling and uncertain "tick" aroused the 
suspicion of the operator he was calling. "Who are you, and 
what's the matter with your office'" came over the wire, and 




JOHN All an WM.111. 1111 B0\ imai m was. 



quick as a flash Ellsworth broke in and replied, "O. K., light- 
ning." which meant: "Co ahead; storm and lightning here in- 
terfering." This restored confidence, and Ellsworth got all the 
information his general wanted, and also got his nickname. 

S ime one climbed a telegraph pole, fastened two strands of 
wire to the line on each side of the insulation, and as soon as 
Ellsworth attached the other ends of these to his instrument 
the line was cut and be was in the circuit. T sat on the end 
of a crosstie within a few feet of General Morgan and heard 
him dictate messages to be sent to General Boyle in Louisville 
and to other places, making inquiries as to the disposition of 
the Federal forces in Kentucky and telling some awful stories 
in regard to the large size of his own command and its move 
tnents. There came at this time among other dispatches over 
the wire the information that a train bearing gome artillery 
and ammunition was on its way to Munfordville. and had 
already passed Xolin, the station just north of Upton. Mor- 
gan immediately ordered Quirk to go and be ready to obstruct 
thi track .1- soon as the train should pas- Unfortunately 
the wary engineer . us in time, reversed his drivers, and 
escaped before we n add get to the track with our fence rails. 
1 saw two pieces of artillery (.11 a llat car, and there were 
some six or eight other cars in the train. The few shots we 
tired were a poor consolation for missing a valuable capture 
Toward noon and while we wcic near Upton we heard can 
nonading at Bacon Creek Bridge stockade, which, after a gal 
lant resistance, was reduced and the bridge destroyed 

Our company took up its march toward Xolin, where then 
nother bridge guarded by a stockade. P.efore we reached 
there the garrison bad surrendered to a detachment under 
Colonel Duke, and the bridge was burned. By night the 
weather had cleared, and w e camped in the open a few mile- 
from Elizabethtown. This place we captured after a slight 
resistance. The garrison, some eight companies of an Illinois 
regiment, six hundred and fifty-two men and officers, sur- 
rendered about 10 a.m. As we approached the town our com- 
pany was well in the lead. The Federal commander bad 
marched bis troops half a mile or so in the direction of our 
advance and deployed them upon a hill in an open field 
Thej were marching in double file across the brow of the hill. 
and to my untutored gaze there seemed to be no end of them 
It turned out that there were not quite seven hundred in this 
"mighty army." The wily Col. H. S. Smith was repeatii: 
performance of that King of France "who marched his army 
up the hill and then marched down again," for as soon as 
iln head of the column was out of our sight it went around 
by the other side and again paraded across for our benefit. 
Our captain ventured too near for his safety, and received a 
fusillade which came very near his undoing; hut with his Irish 
luck he lived through this and many other dangerous and 
thrilling experiences to die of consumption in the "piping times 
of peac< ." 

As General Morgan and the whole command came up the 
brought up a flag of truce and a message from the 
I commander to General Morgan demanding his un- 
conditional -in nnder. Morgan sent back word that it 
not surrender himself and men in thirty minutes he would 
The answer was a refusal. Meanwhile the Union 
had retired into the. town and taki in a group 

of brick houses on mini H street near the i.iilroad 

station. Knowing from tin escape of the train at Upton and 
the cannon.,, it g ,1 Bacon ("ink and Xolin that we were com- 
ing, they had prepared these houses for d 
holing the walls. To have assaulted such a • \ouid 



!_'_' 



Qoi)federat<2 l/eterai). 



have been folly Si our wise general sun lunded the town to 
prevent escape, brought up his guns, anil after hali an hour's 
notice to the citizens to gel i ut of range the cannonade began. 
I was just 1 ehind our batterj and was f; i inated bj the regu- 
larity with which th( pieces were manned and the accuracj i f 
aim. It was more astonishing to be able to see a cannon ball 
in flight. 1 noticed later the same demonstration at Chicka- 
mauga and at Cottonport Crossing in 1863. Being right Lc- 
hind the gun as it was fired and looking in the line of projec- 
tion, it was easy to recognize a hazy, bluish streak or tail 
which seemed to be chasing the missile. T could plainly sec 
great holes knocked in the walls, and soon a soldier lure and 
there would run out of the h hims. , ■, idetitly looking for a 
safer place. At last a white flag was waved from a window, 
the firing ceased, and the ever-ready Quirk had 115 m tint and 
dash first into the town. 1 recall distinctly the lo sphnl ■ 1 
walls on either side as we galloped by, and hoped the men 
inside knew the surrender had been made. Otherwise they 
could have riddled us, There s«emed to be a strong Southern 
sentiment in Elizabethtown, and wc were royally ente taincd 
in private houses. We -tared there that day (December 27) 
and for the night, and Lieutenant Brady and I doubled up i 
a feather bed. 

linued in . Ipril I 'eterait. 



SKETCHES OF PRISON LIFE.— PART 1. 

BY REV. C. M. HUTT0N, FORT WORTH. 

1 have been requested to give some of my four months' 
experiences in Yankee prisons. As surgei ns and chaplains 
were noncombatants, some may ask why they were subject to 
capture. I had no explanation of this till 1 was informed by 
Judgi Ould, our commissioner for the exchange of prisoners. 
as he and his adjutant, Major Hatch, were conveying me to 
Petersburg from City Point. Ya . where 1 had just been tin 
conditionally released, lie said: "At the beginning of the 
war it was understood that surgeons and chaplains would not 
be held Bui one of our surgeons was captured while armed, 
and was held. Our sale retaliated by holding all surgeons. 
The Yankees then held all chaplains in retaliation, and then 
we held their chaplains. All this grew out of that surgeon's 
mistaking his duty." 

Permit me first to introduce myself as the chaplain of the 
."Sfitli Alabama Infantry. Gen. II. 1). Clayton commander of 
brigade. I assumed duty when our regiment was located on 
Dauphin Way, four miles west of .Mobile, in October. [86l, 
and remained in service till the surrender. We were trans- 
ferred in [863 to Tennessee, and served there till a short time 
before the close of the war, and ware near Mobile again 
when the surrender came. 

My imprisonment was in July. August, and September. 
1863, at Nashville, and the following October in Washington 
City. 1 was kindly treated at both these prisons. I have al 
ways been thankful that an overruling Providence threw 
me into got d hands and into places of usefulness, even though 
a prisoner. If all our soldiers had so fared, more pleasant 
memories between the two sections would now he entertained 
of the terrible times that "tried men's souls." 

I have a most pleasant memory of Dr. T. G. Hickman, of 
Vandalia, Ilk. the surgeon in charge of tin prison hospital at 
Nashville. His uniform kindness for three months greatly en- 
deared him to me. IK' soughl an 1 obtained my release from 
Gen. R. S. Granger, commandant of the pi -t. who applied to 
General Rosecrans in my behalf. Our command was in ac- 
tive service in Tennessee. We were Inst encamped at Tulla- 



homa. hut soon moved to Wartracc, our line extending by 
Hoover's Gap. The night before my capture was spent in a 
stubble held where were shocks of wheat. These were of 
some protection from the ground made muddy by a bard rain. 
and we expected an engagement at any time. Next morning 
our soldiers were shivering from the cold rain, when the 
booming of cannon began, and I heard exploding shells for the 
first time. 1 soon learned that there was no danger in them 
when the explosion occurred overhead, fur the fragments went 
forward. I sought breakfast at a small residence in the rear. 
The whites had vacated it, leaving a few negroes in charge. 
After a short meal, I ordered coffee for the suffering soldiers, 
and took two large jots to them. Wry s » n the Yankees were 
about cutting off and capturing the entire regiment. A rapid 
retreat was ordered, and the rushing men began throwing 
away their blankets. As I was mounted, I called them to 
bring their blanket, to me. Very soon I had more than my 
arms could bold. One man said: "(let down quickly and we 
will spread them all upon the horse." When the horse was 
about the size of an elephant, I told them that was as many 
as I could stride. It must have been an amusing spectacle 
I presented in riding off with my load. 

We were glad when the command. "Halt!" was given. The 
fatigued men dropped upon the ground to rest, dropping guns 
pellmell. Colonel Woodruff ordered all gun caps removed. 
Despite this order, one gun was neglected. A loaded wagon 
came along, and Colonel Woodruff called out: "Take up those 
guns'" A soldier requested another man to hand him his 
gun. "1 he cap had not been removed, and a jutting reek pulled 
the hammer back and fired the gun into a group of soldiers 
One cried out: "0 my leg!" It proved to he Private Allen, 
"I Company B, whom I met since the war as a physician of 
Rockdale. Tex. His thigh hone was broken. It was at the 
gate of Mr. Huffman's residence, near Normandy, a railroad 
station He was carried into the house and his limb was im- 
mediately amputated by our surgeon. Dr. Herndon. 

As Allen was recovering from the effects of chloroform he 
begged me to remain with him. I hesitated, knowing we were 
on the move and to remain meant capture. Dr. Herndon as- 
sured me they would not hold me and that I was the most 
suitable man to stay, especially as Mr, Huffman's family con- 
sisted entirely of ladies and he was a very old man. Private Joe 
Park agreed to stay with me. The first thing I did was to 
bury Allen's leg— a sad duty. Within two days the Yankees 
were almost Upon us. so Joe Park left just in time to escape- 
Two weeks later Allen had rallied sufficiently for me 10 
leave for ni\ command. I took Mr. Huffman along to testify 
to the Federal officer in command that he heard the surgeon 
address me as chaplain. 'I his availed nothing. I had not 
brought a blanket or any other necessary articles, and I was 
at once sent to Tullahoma under heavy guard. Soon I was 
taken to the depot, where stood a train bound for Nashville. 
1 was put aboard and at fust in a box ear crammed full of 
standing prisoners. Seats were impossible, for we were as 
close as sardines in a box. The lieutenant, observing my badge 
la Maltese cross), said: "I'll give you a better place." I 
willingly accepted, yet felt I was 1:0 more worthy than any 
other of the men I left. The "better place" was a car with 
only one other fellow-prisoner, introducing himself as Dr. 
Lloyd, a surgeon. Not much sleep came to my eyes as I lay 
without a blanket upon the filth}' floor at the heels of a horse. 
constantly fearing that he might hurt me. I recalled what 
Paul said: "I have learned in whatsoever state 1 am there- 
ivith to he content." 



Qoofederat^ l/eterai), 



[23 



Next morning i ur train stopped just before pulling into tin 
station at Nashville. When a little boy came up to set thi 
prisoners, Lloyd asked: "Buddy, can't you bring us some 
breakfast?" "Yes," In- said, "if j u arc Rebels." We i" i 
liim we wrrc. lie 1 socn came with a nice, warm breakfa t 
which we ate with relish. Lloyd said: "Let's write a m te of 
thanks, but I haven't anything to write on." I readilj as 
sented and handed him a small company honk thai Captain 
Carpenter, of Companj B, had intrusted to mj care at H 
Gap. \i"im- writing the n te, Lloyd inadvertently placed (he 
littli book in his own pocket. ["his escaped mj attention 
also, Inn ii was directed as a link in a wise, overruling provi- 
dence to prepare the way for a place of usefulness to which 

was led in aboul twenty-four hours. 

In the confusion of falling into line with mj fellow prisi 
I lost sight i f Lloyd, We were marched to the penitentiarv. 
I found citizen prisoners there who were impri; med for their 
sympathies being with the South. Among these was an in 
tefligenl lawyer who advised me to applj to the provost mar 
-lial for release. I took his advice Befon word came fro 
tlir provosl marshal I thought of that companj book Lloyd 
had forg itten to return to me I asked some fellow prisi in - 
i thej knew a prisoner named Dr. Lloyd who came with us 
relay. One man replied: "Yes, but he is not a doctor, but 
j- a privati who on the eve of capture jerked on a surg 
uniform, si as to ha\ e an ea s time." He also told me hal 
I could find him at the prison hospital, claiming to be a 

Wlul, in the penitentiarj a prisoner of the 36th Ala 
bama told me of Bunch's being there dressed in the uniform of 
1 Yankei captain who had been a -i > am ng us and who i 
Colonel Woodruff, judging from his soldierlj bearing, had 
madi oui colot bearer. In another article I shall have mon 
if Bunch and the so called "Dr. ! I ! 13 rj 
lucd. 



\h>\i }ii_\ i 11 POIN1 LOOKOl l \ll> 

1 1 rom iln Baltimore Sua ( orrespondent, Washington.] 

A large masonry monument is to be erected at Point I il 

"in. \M bj 1 1 1 1 I nited Stati government in memoi 

3,384 Confederate soldiers and sailors who died in Northet 1 

pris ms during the war and are buried in that vicinity. 

A contract for the construction of the monument ha bi 
Kt bj the War Department; but it could not be buih without 
authority from < ongress, as the Forakei act, passed in 1906, 
providing for the marking of the graves of Confederates who 
died in Northern prisons, directed the War Department to 
such gt a\ e a « hit* marble headsti nn 
This wink has been in progress during the past four yi 11 
under the direction of former Governor ('ate-, oi Vlabam.i, 
the I'ti -idem appointed commis ioner fi ir that purpnsi 
1 1 dii d last 1 '• tobi 1 . and sini e that tinn fi irm 1 
Senator James II. Berry, of Arkansas, has been in charg ol 
irk In executing the law General Oates and Gi 

found "i -■ 1 1 ' al plai 1 . among them Point Lool 
out, that tin n mains of Confederates had keen removed from 
the placi s of original burial, and in the reinternn nl the identity 
of the rein. iin- had keen lost, mal ill | il difficull to 1 n t sep:i 

rati hcadstom -. * * * 
Point Lookout i- at the southern cxtreinitj of the pen 
i ii." iln Poti in .a Rivet From ( .'hesapi aki I '. . 1 \ 
i>ri-i n camp was maintained there during the war. and 

-i Idiers and sailors died there \ prise n ccm 

was established near the camp, where ,j..,s t were buried 

after tin , the war a small tr,i> 1 of Ian 1 



wa acquired by the State of Marx land al 0111 di 
the original place of interment. There the ta mams , if tin Con 
fedl rale dead were reinleired and a small monument built to 
their memory. The transfer of the remains was carrii 1 on 
under sink conditions thai General Berrj believes it practi 
cally impossible i" erect the small marble tablets with anj 
nee that thej would indicate the resting places of the 
1 1 ifederates in whose memorj they were to be erected 

In a Utter received bj Senator Warren from Secretary - f 
Wat Dickinson the statement is made that in view oi Lit 
uncertainty 1 f identificati in the proper authorities ol Marylan 1 
refuse to permit the establishment of the small marble 
markers, but are willing to permit the erection of a central 
monument ci ntaining tablets upon which the names of the in 
dividual Confederates ran be inscribed. \ contract has there 
fore keen let for the construction at Poinl Lookout of 
11. il mass of masonry of suitable form on which are p. be 
bron e tablets containing the names of the dead The 
monument is to be completed by September, 1011 

To mani legislative authority for this work Senator Wa 
a 1 reported to the Senati .1 1 ihil 1 'dun n, which was pa ■ I, 
granting authority to erect the monument and extending tin 
Foraker acl for two more years Otherwise it- provi 
waild expire February 26, [0,11, 

General Berrj reports that 14.617 separate headstones havi 
been placed over the graves of Confederate si diers under the 
I 1 ink.r act, while the monuments to 4,400 more al Oakwood 
Cemetery, Chicago, and to 3,384 at Point Lookout will bring 
the total to 22,401 by next September, leaving onlj a few hum 
dred mi u e gra^ es to la marked. 



s TAMP1 /'/■ 1 '/ / / DER U I IK. II RY. 

V.\ PSIV XI E XX I IIIII'SON, ATI \\ 1 \. o\ 

During tin siege of Atlanta in 1864, and before General 
Sherman started on hi~ memorable "march to tin sea," hi 
Hindi a determined effort to break the Confederate communica 
lions by sending oul a gigantii Force 1 1 aboul nine thousand 
cavalrymen, well mounted, well armed and equipped, unci 1 
Generals Stoneman, Garrard, and VlcCook Iks objeel was 
to di inn the Wesl Poinl and Macon Railroads, Hood 
means of supplying his army, and to liberate the thirty thou- 
sand Federal prisoners confined in ^ndersonville Had Ihis 
raid been successful, the cariipaign, if not the war, would 
ml. d .11 Atlanta. 

Wheeler's Cavalrj defeated, completely foiled, and routi I 
this immense- aggregation, killing, wounding, and capturing 
as man, as Wheeler had engaged Vmong thi captures wane 
Major General S.toneman by Fverson's Division and oxer half 
of his command of about txxo thousand men, Il wa 
of a sharp engagement in Jones County, G 
Church Several hundred oi Stoneman' men • iped 
having to use all of his force to round up and guard what he 
ipiniad. leaving practically none to spare for pursuit. 
1 i.r. a small force loan Breckinridge's Kentuckj B 
pursued and captured aboul threi hundred 

_ "Jug I ax em." 111 ,xx Winder. ( ,a 

1 if tin • n ho finally escaped no 
ever had mud the receipt of tin following interesting 
Judgi Richard Johnson frbm Comrade J W 

I In battli • 1 W an il \ is lost by the failun 

. a three thousand 01 foui thou >and 1" 
ering a sunken road, and il is related in history that 
Filled tin unken 1 
er the cat In mi n and hot es It is 



124 



^oi^faderat^ Ueteraij. 



a remarkable coincidence that Comrade Turk describes a 
similar catastrophe as happening to a part of General Stone- 
man's men in their wild stampede to escape capture. 
Comrade Turk's Account of the Result of the Stampede. 

Dear Dick: Yours just received requesting a sketch of the 
battle of Sunshine Church. I did not participate in the battle. 
I was detailed from the Army of Northern Virginia and sent 
to Georgia, my home State, to buy horses for the Confederate 
government for cavalry and artillery purposes. I was riding 
along looking for horses for sale eight or ten miles west of 
Millcdgeville, when I distinctly and very unexpectedly heard 
field artillery. I banished all thought of my mission and put 
out as fast as my horse would carry me in the direction to 
ascertain the meaning of the cannonading. The only weapon 
[ had with me was my fine cavalry pistol. My idea was to 
serve as courier. After riding fifteen or twenty miles, my 
horse almost exhausted. I rode right into Iverson's command. 

The battle had ceased, and I was told that Stoneman had 
surrendered near what is now known as Round Oak. Just 
at that time General Iverson was informed that one of Stone- 
man's regiments' had stampeded. Iverson did not have men 
enough to make pursuit. He was busy rounding up the rest 
of Stoneman's command. Seeing that the fighting was over and 
no courier was needed, I, with several citizens, put out after 
the fleeing regiment, though not with any hope of catching 
them on their wild stampede. They made no effort to fol- 
low any road or path, but going east they ran over bushes, 
rail fences^ and gullies. 

After going about two miles, we came to a gulley in a pine 
thicket, about eight feet deep and twelve or fifteen wide, in 
which there were many horses and men, nearly all of which 
seemed to be dead. Those in front had filled the gulley, and 
the others passed over the gulley on the men and horses that 
filled it. One or two men and horses were killed in crossing 
a small branch on a pole bridge something like two miles be- 
yond the big gulley mentioned. 

The first three or four miles of the stampede the men seemed 
to have bunched pretty well, making a roadway about thirty 
feet wide. It was almost as clear of bushes, weeds, and every- 
thing of that kind as a regular public road. Even the ground 
rails of fences were torn from their places, and one could 
scarcely tell that there had ever been a fence there except by 
the fences on either side of the newly made road. 

I was about to forget to state that the clothes of the men 
and the hide of the horses that filled the gulley already men- 
tioned were badly torn by the shoes of the horses as they 
passed over them, the flesh of both being considerably mangled. 
[ suppose there were twelve or fifteen horses piled in the gul- 
ley and half as many men. 

After about four miles of this wild and reckless riding, the 
trail became wider and wider and more dim. Here the stam- 
peders crossed a large public road, where I left the trail and 
took the public road back to where I started from that morn- 
ing. 

I spent the afternoon and until nine or ten o'clock at night 
sending word to young ladies in the neighborhood and to two 
or three young boys to meet me at a designated point the next 
morning and we would take a horseback ride over the battle- 
field and trail of the stampeded Federals. The battlefield was 
a novel sight to the girls. The floor of Sunshine Church was 
almost covered with wounded soldiers. Horses, guns, pistols, 
and the like were to be seen all around, with now and then a 
dead soldier. When we reached the gulley that had been 
filled with men and horses, the awful sight caused nearly all 



of the girls to shed tears, and one or two almost collapsed 
We followed the trail to where I left it the day before and 
farther on for about five miles. The stampeders took the sec- 
ond public road to Eatonton, where about two hundred of 
them stopped in the woods that night. They made their wav 
back to Sherman's army. 

When General Sherman's army passed through this section 
several persons living here recognized several men who were 
with General Stoneman in the battle of Sunshine Church 
These Yanks inquired particularly about Joe Funderbeck. Joe 
was at home on furlough, and his mother and sisters persuaded 
him to put on one of his mother's dresses as a disguise. Stone 
man's men detected his disguise and captured him as a spy. 
and took him on the wild stampede to Eatonton to hang him ; 
but Joe slipped away in the night. Joe says all his dress was 
torn off of him except the collar, and his own clothes were 
badly torn on the wild ride. 



HOW WASHINGTON UNVEILS A STATUE. 

Gen. Von Steuben After a Century — the Jackson Statue 

by harvey d. jacob. 

The snow had been falling continuously for twenty-foui 
hours when the day for the dedication ceremonies of the statui 
to Gen. Von Steuben (or Styben, as my German friends would 
say) came. The unveiling of a statue in Washington is quiti 
an event, and something more than a mere foot of snow and 
ice is necessary to a postponement thereof ; for on such oc- 
casions those of the nationality of which the hero to be honored 
is one come from their distant homes to take part in the exer- 
cises, and elaborate arrangements which cannot easily b» 
broken into are made. 

Gen. Von Steuben was a Prussian, born in Magdeburg No- 
vember 15, 1730. He served in the army of Frederick the 
Great, being appointed one of his aids-de-camp. In this posi- 
tion he made the most of his opportunities, and became so 
thoroughly efficient in the training and management of troops 
that St. Germain, the French Minister of War at the time, 
picked him out as the right man to introduce into the American 
army the discipline and training of which it stood in grei; 
need. Steuben was induced to meet him and Franklin in 
Paris in 1777, and consented to aid the American cause. 

He landed at Portsmouth, N. H., in December, 1777, and. 
offering his services as a volunteer, was assigned to the army 
at Valley Forge, which at that time was in a deplorable state 
He met at first with some opposition ; but his skill and activiU 
were soon appreciated, and in May, 1778, upon the recom- 
mendation of Washington, he was appointed inspector general 
of the Continental army with the rank of major general 
Under his instruction the American forces gained the confi- 
dence and efficiency that marked their victory in the battle of 
Monmouth, June 28, 1778, in which battle he greatly distin 
guished himself. 

During the winter of 1778-79 he wrote his "Regulations foi 
the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States,' 
which were adopted and ordered printed by Congress. His 
most valuable services in command of troops were rendered 
at the siege of Yorktown and in opposing the raids of Benedict 
Arnold in Virginia just prior to that siege. 

At the close of the war he received grants of land from 
several States and later a tardy pension from Congress. The 
closing years of his life were spent on the grant of land made 
by the State of New York, now known as Steubenville, where, 
surrounded by a few faithful friends, he devoted himself to 
agriculture and scientific pursuits until his death, on Novem 
ber 28, 1794. 



Qor^f ederatf? l/eterai}. 



'-5 



And so that the memory of such a contributor in our Ameri- 
can liberty might be forever fresh in the minds of succeeding 
generations the Congress of the United States on February 
-7, 1903, appropriated $50,000 for this statue, to be expended 
under the direction of a commission. As a result of a com- 
petition participated in by six sculptors, the commission se- 
lected the model submitted by Albert Jaegers, an \merican of 
nan parentage. The sculptor thus describes his work: 

"In tlte statue the general appears standing on an eminence 
inspecting the great maneuvers of I//8. He is heavily cloaked 
to endure the hardships of th - rigorous winter campaign at 
Valley Forge. The sash is reminiscent of his service on the 
staff of Frederick the Great. His hand lightly at rest on the 
hilt of his sword, he is following with keen interest the un- 
folding movements of the troops 

"The group 'Military Instruction' represents Steuben's life 
work, the work for which this nation honors and remembers 
him — the drilling and training of the American army. An ex- 
perienced warrior 1- shown instructing a youth in the usi ol 
the sword 

"In the second group, 'Commemoration.' America is teach 
ing youth to honor the memory of her heroes. A foreign 
branch is grafted into the tree of her national life. She welds 
to her heart the foreigner who has cast his life and fortune 
with the weal and woe of her people, embodying the idea of 
unity and fraternity of all nationalities under the guidanci of 
a great republic." 

And on this tlic day on which Washington as the repre- 
sentative of the United States seeks to do him honor we have 
in ot : midsl thousands of those of his home land who have 
come to aid in the unveiling and celebration. From early- 
daylight hundreds of white-coated veterans of the street- 
cleaning department have been shoveling and hauling off the 
snow around the northwest corner of Lafayette Square, tem- 
porarily covered with a seating arrangement for those who 
havi lien fortunate enough to receive invitations, and an 
equally adequate standing area for all Others who desire to 
be present. 

Promptly at 1 130 the music of the marine hand started, and 
at 2 p.m. the opening song by the Northeastern Singers' Asso- 
ciation, a chorus of a thousand voices, was heard. Then fol- 
lowed the formal opening of the exercises by the presiding 
officer, the Hon. Jacob McGavock Dickinson, an invocation by 
the Rev Steck, ami addresses by the Hon. Richard Bar- 
tholdt, M.C., Dr, Charles .1. Hexamer, and the German Am- 
1 III Von Bernstorff. And then as the hand 

triumphantly played the "Star-Spangled Banner" "our young 
lady," as the Secretary 1 i War termed her. Miss Helen Taft, 
drew the cord holding together the two large American flags, 
which as they unfurled forever opened to the \ iew of the 

mis who will pass that way the bronze likeness 
other of ili ii gentlemen who did so much toward the 

gaining of that of which we have been the proud possessors 
since the time of George Washington freedom and liberty- 
while over and above the cheers of the thousand- present in 
the distance could he heard the salute by Battery E, 3d Field 
Artillery. Following the unveiling was an address by the 

''resident and th< n the 1" 111 dii tion 

! that the weather was anything hut pleasant, 
Washington was never bettei represented than on this occa- 
sion. In the main stand, directly in front of the statue, were 
the President, Mis I aft. and Miss Helen Taft, the Secretary 
of War. the foreign ambassadors ;md diplomats, the families 
of the Supn me Court, and many other notables In the stands 



to the right and left were seated people of almost every walk 
and station of life, while immediately in front were the thou- 
sand or more singers and many others standing, and the side- 
walks, streets, and windows of neighboring houses were taxed 
to their capacity. Around the monument stood the repre- 
sentatives of the various stages of military life, from the'Con 
tinenta] soldier to the present one. At the base of the statue 
were placed the floral offerings of the various German-Ameri 
can societies, daintily tied with streamers of red. white, and 
blue, and led. lilack. and white, the national colors of the two 
countries, tin seating stands also being profusely decorated 
in a like manner. At the conclusion of the exercises an im- 
mense parade, participated in by the United States cavalry. 
artillery, and infantry, marine corps, and the representatives 
of the German and German-American societies from over the 
entire country, was witnessed. 

itral Figure, Andrew Jackson, Mist Remain. 
As before stated, the Von Steuben statue is situated on the 

northwest corner of Lafayette Square, the only park in Wash 
ington that has out its "standing room only" sign; for there 
now rests on each corner of this square a statue to the memorj 
of some celebrated Revolutionary War hero — Rochamheau 
Lafayette, Kosciusko, and Von Steuben — while in the center. 
sitting upon a rearing steed, is a likeness of the hero 1 f the 
battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson, concerning which a 
few words may he said, inasmuch as the talk of removal of 
this statue has occasioned considerable comment. 

I . tyette Square, it is generally known, is situated directlj 

Pennsylvania Avenue from the White House. Some 

say that this monument should he rem -veil, as no statue should 

be placed therein save that of the father of our country. 
Washing!, n. They forget when they make this assertion that 
there stand in the same square the aforementioned statues to 
our foreign heroes. Others say that because the rest of the 
-tames in the park are of foreigners Jackson is oul of place 

and should he removed, forgetting that he was there first and 
has the right of prior possession. Still others say that the 
statue should he removed because the "ait is had." and there 
ion unlit 1,1 represent such a hero as he of the battle of New 
Orleans, Knowing nothing of art. the last contention appears 
[est; lilt even if true, possibly art wasn't developed 

10 the fantastic tastes of Washington's chronic critics a' the 

time this statue was erected; and if it was "art" at the tune 
of its creation, it should he kept standing to illustrate the 
pment" of our race in this respect, if no bettei 
rea on could 1" found Who would dare picture Adam in a 
Prince Vlberl or Eve in a hobble skirt!- The truth is that 
in Washington Citj manj people have aught to do Put amuse 
themselves, and their opinions are rarely taken serioush 

Andrew Jackson was the President of the United J 
In Washington's tune there was nol the political strife which 
onfronted Jackson. When Washington was President, the 
country had just marched victoriously from the Revolul 
Wai. and 11 was the "all-pull together spirit." of peace and 
harmony, that characterized his administration B I 
of that. Suffice it that Jackson was the President of the : . 
States, and hack in the fifties G ngress authori 
of this monument to his memory. On the 8th oj January. 
[853, the anniversary of the Battli ol New Orleans, it was 
dedicated in much the same manner as is detailed above. 
There has grown up about the statue a sentiment that m 

led It has taken bold on the minds of the public, and 

any effort to remove it will and should result in failure. It 

1 many years now. and the upstanding horse 



126 



Qoi}federat<^ Ueteraij. 



i- bolted down to stay. Should Jackson himself be able to 
speak, mi doubt he would saj as did Roderick Dim: "Come 
one. come all; this rock shall fly ere I budge an inch." 

When Theodore Roosevelt left the White House upon the 
termination of his tern; of office, i tie of his last acts was to 
have cut into the pedestal of this statue Jackson's well-re-- 
membered toast: "Our Federal Union— it must be preserved." 

But enough has been said. Let me conclude. Tell your 
children and your children's children that the old statue cast 
from canni n taken by Jackson in his campaigns is to-day 
standing in the center of Lafayette Square; say to them that 
when they come to Washington it will still be standing there, 
and any effort in Congress to remove it will but result in a 
change in the name of the park from Lafayette to Jack- 
son. The statue to our grand old Southern hero, whose 
last recorded words were. "Ma) mj enemies find peace! may 
the liberties of m\ country endure forever!" will not be dis- 
turbed. Inn shall -land until time is no mi re. 



CROSSING RIVER UNDER DIFFICULTIES. 

BY R. T. Moi KBEE, MEMPHIS, TENN. 

Some forty-live years ag i I was with a party of twelve or 
fifteen making our way. in accordance with instructions given 
bj General Heth, through swamps, fields, and byways up and 
ali ng the Appomattox River. We were members of the 14th 
Tennessee Regiment who had scaped from the lines to the 
light of Petersburg after a last desperate attempt to retake the 
works that had been captured by Grant's assaulting columns 
11 \pril _'. The river was at flood stage, and we were seek- 
ing some means of crossing its turbid waters and thus put a 
barrier between Us and the pursuing enemy, who were scour- 
ing the country and gathering in the fugitive Confederates 
wdio were making their way to Amelia C. II.. where General 
Lee bad given orders for us to assemble 

( >ur party bad traveled some ten or twelve miles up the 
river, and at dusk 1 11 April 2 bivi uacked on a hill overlooking 
the river. At early dawn we resumed our march, and about 
sunrise we were delighted to find ourselves on a much-traveled 
road leading toward the river. As we hurriedly came in 
sight of the river we perceived the ends of the bridge on each 
side of it. the flood having carried away all the center. We 
were greatlj disappointed over ibis, but found about a hun- 
dred fellow-fugitives gathered just above the bridge, awaiting 
their turn to lie put across in a small bateau, or skiff, with a 
carrying capacity of about six men at each trip. As we reached 
the crowd at the landing place and the boat was returning for 
another load of anxiously awaiting passengers a young cav- 
alryman, holding his horse near the water's edge, called out 
that he had a seat in the boat for the next trip, and that if 
any 1 lie wanted to get across quickly be would let him swim 
his horse across. Being very anxious to "get over quick," I 
accepted the offer and divested myself of jacket, empty haver- 
sack, blanket, gun and cartridge box, and mounted the Vir- 
ginia cavalryman's line young man, I rode in on the edge 
of the broken bridge and out into the raging flood, horse and 
rider going out of sight as we went off the bridge end. We 
came up all right and the noble animal made for the other 
shore, swimming "like a duck." as her owner had' said she 
could. We landed safely, but bad scarcely touched the bank 
when I heard the voice of the cavalryman calling: "Tennessee, 
O Tennessee! Wait there. Don't take my horse." And it 
just dawned on my mind, and I suppose on the mind of my 
young Virginia comrade, the great risk he took in intrusting 
bis line animal to a stranger whose leading desire at that 
time was to make speed, that desire being very much in- 



creased by tiie -mind of guns toward Petersburg, which seemed 
to be getting nearer every moment. 

My young friend soon landed, and I turned bis horse over 
to him. which he mounted and went on toward Amelia C II 
If he survived the war. which ended a very few days after- 
wards, and is still living, I should like to hear from him. In 
the lapse of years his name and the command to which he 
belonged have been forgotten, but be evi lentl) was a Hue sol- 
dier and gentleman. 



RANK ATTAINED AT HINCHIE F. MABRY. 

S. IS. Barron, of Rusk. Tex., refers to the statement by 
Comrade George T. Todd on page 37 of the January Veteran 
that "ling Cen. II. P. Mabry is buried at Jefferson. Tex.." 
on which he comments: "H. P. Mabry was not a brigadier 
general. lie was colonel of the 3rd Texas Cavalry, the reg- 
iment in which I served, lie commanded a brigade in lien 
Wirt Adams's cavalry for a year or more in the latter part of 
the war. but there were no promotions in the regiment that 
would naturally have followed his promotion. Jiles S. Rog 1 -. 
lieutenant colonel, as such commanded the regiment until the 
close Besides, the official records fail to show that Ma- 
bry was ever appointed brigadier general. Colonel Mabry 
was a good officer and a very brave man. one of the bravest of 
the brave." 

There was not in the Confederate army, perhaps, a man who 
commanded a brigade as long as Colonel Mabry without pro 
motion. He is even put in the list of brigadiers in the United 
States government list of general officers, but there seems to 
be no report of bis being commissioned as such. As Comrade 
Barron states, he must have been an excellent officer in every 
respect. Maj. J. P. Strange, assistant adjutant general to 
General Forrest, in an official order returning Colonel Mabn 
to his regiment in March. 1865. and directing that the regi- 
ments of his commands report for assignment to Brigadier 
General Ross for duty, states: "In relieving him from the com- 
mand of his brigade the major general commanding desires 
to express his entire satisfaction with the manner in which 
Colonel Mabry has discharged the duties cf his position while 
under his command." 

Comrade Ban on's criticisms are consistent with army 
rules, but Confederates have made a deplorable departure in 
the L T . C. V. organizations, inasmuch as it will be impossible 
for readers of modern publications, and of the Veteran most 
of all, to discriminate between officers in the war and in the 
U. C. V. For this regret is expressed. The circumstances 
made it next to impossible to avoid it. There is a wide dif- 
ference between generals and colonels in battle and in Un- 
social organizations. It seems a pity that young readers can- 
not discriminate between the officers of the two periods. The 
United States government records ma)- be helpful, as the Con- 
federates supplied much but not all of their records. Many 
were destroyed. 

Difference between Private ami Officer in Battle. 

Maj. R. Ft. Dudley, of Nashville, who had served as a 
private and then as commander of a regiment, has long in- 
tended to write of the difference between the responsibility 
of service with a gun and that of the care of a regiment. The 
Veteran would like to hear from others on this subject. Ill 
health and business cares have caused his good intentii us 
to he deferred: bin these causes are removed now. His health 
is better; he has retired from active business and spends the 
winters in fishing about his country home at Stuart, Flu., 
-..here he enjoyed fishing with Joseph Jefferson and Grover 
Cleweland in those waters during their later years. 



{or)federat<i 1/eterap, 



i _' 



/ 



THE ATLAXTA SP1R11 IS OKLAHOMA. 
President Oki vhoma U. D. C. ro Littli Roi k Convi 

Madam /'resident ami United Daughters 0/ the Confeder 
acy: It gives me untold pleasure in come before you as .1 
duly accredited representath e of 

"A beautiful land of sun ami flowei 

And summer the w 1 1 ■ >le j ear 1' mg : 
I come from a land where the golden hours 

Roll b) i" the mocking bird's 1 
Where tin- cotton blooms 'neath the Southern 

Where the vint ige hangs thick "ii the vine. 
A land « In ise -i' irj is just begun, 

This wonderful land of n 

Oklal ma- with a State area ol 7" n ^7 square miles and ,1 

population of (,750,00c people; wl pital city boasts 68, 

citizi 11 acquired in its twenl one yeai of 1 . u ith 

an aria of 17 square miles, (86 miles of storm and sanitary 
sewers, to8 miles of asphalt paved streets, 85 miles of electric 
street railway, a public school system maintaining 21 war! 
chool and .^00 teachers, and a handsome, prosperous church 
building "ii even othi ' ' 

I saj it gives in,' great pleasure i<> bring greetings from 

thi- wonderful land of ours, and Icl mi' hasten in assuri ; 

that we are nol proudest oi the aforementioned commercial 
conditions, but rather oi thai wonderful citizenship made pos- 
sible bj the blending of the North and the South, the Easl 
and the West, thi product of which is Oklahoma. 

And here in this co mopolitai ourishes "in- own h 

loved organi atior, tin 1 niti I Daughters of the Confederacy, 
with over a thousand members and chapters, whose main 
thought and work are toward the completion of a home for the 
1 01 fedei il terans and their wives and widows in 
the State. To 1 ur past President, Mrs. W, T. Culbertson is 




LAHOMA DIVISION. 

due much praisi nntirir.g efforts in this work. She 

much nf her time during the past year to lands 

with the financial agent of the home, Mr. W. I-'. Gilmer, who 
1- also one 1 of a bill the last I 

making available an appropriation of - for the 



1 mo oi a 1 onfederate home, 0111 pari ol tin contract 
being the erection of a building to cosl at least j id not 

less than twenty acres of ground ["he ai 
to us bj one of our own "daughters," Mrs. Lutie Haile\ Wal 
ci tt, ind the Home is fast nearing completii n, beautifull) sim 
atcd in tlif suburbs <>f Ardmore 

During the two months of m> office just past il has been nn 
duly and pleasure to have visited thirt) three towns and 
traversed over 2,000 miles in an effort to comfortabh house 
for the uani. 1 and all time the fift) four of our own Confed 
erate people who have made application fi r oui 1 re and pro 
tection in their declining days. Erom you oldei States, who 
can hardly remember the time when yon did nol glory in 
your Confederate homes. let me b speak a kindly, coi 
thought for the new Stati thai so earl) in its existence is 
giving it- best efforts for the car.- of the survivors of that 
brave ami) whom we instinctively revere and honor. 

I In- Oklahoma Division, United Daughters of tin Confed 

is 1>\ no mean- idle, At the State Convention held in 
Oklahoma City in June, 1910, man) delegates reported many 
lines oi work. I In custodian of crosses reported toi ci 
having been bestowed during lasl yeai Our memorial <\.i\*- 
are ver) general!) observed b) fitting ceremonies. We have 
what we term an auxiliary director, a Stat - who < 

duty 11 1- 1 ganize the children of tin I onfedet tc; I ut 

historian prepare- a monthly program for each 1 line, r, winch 
in some cases is supplemented by a special historical course. 
Man) Chapters are placing pictures of Southern heroes in 1 ur 
public schools. This means more to the children ol 1 ui 
Wi tern State than you may imagine al ghl When 

you know that we are r.ot "typicall) Southern,"' you ma; 
appreciate the fact that two oi our newest, finest 
buildings recentl] completed in Oklahoma Cit) bear, through 
. in efforts, the proud names of Robert E. Lee and Joe 
Wh .1.1. ami handsome steel engravings of these hero 
our- hang therein. 

■ di mal iot to the 51 * ei al nioi ttincnt funds have been 

lial curtailed this yeai owing to urgent home needs. 
W re 1 iking up through an educational committee a lii 
work new to us, offering medals for best essays 

^nothei work we have in mind 1- the establishment of a 
"relic room in the capitol" building socn to be erected, in 
which -in . I of the 1 ■ ion of the Capi 

missii ■ 

Still another work in view 1- petitioning the Legi 
set aside a cerl in trad of lai d in the southwestern p 
In State where •■ iui ' onfedet al gi 1 1 rals w< re quai 
making it a hist 1 ii al S| ot foi .1 State park 

W . .in also aski d to fun isli 1 Confederal lal saw 

during tin 1 ir reproduction in the 

edition 1 f the "1 (klahi ana I list ir) ." to be co 
flag must necessaril) come from the old Ii 

v ' tti 1 the western portion i- prob tbl) 
on 1 such menu 
Pardi ii me foi n aking 1 1 poi 1 t future « 
that alrcad) accomplished; it is topical of the Western folk. 

1 feel thai Oklahoma Division i in active, p 

much ' a* h Inch 1- due to its el 
eer-. Would that I had time'to tell you wherein eacli 
1 hese, w ith the rank and file, 
to hand for the good of the cause . 
of the heritage that 1- ours, believing that such d< 
1 d faithfulness are the things worth while. 



128 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?, 




Miss Martha O'Bryan. 
[Rev. J. H. McNeilly, in Nashville Banner.] 

The death of Miss Martha O'Bryan removes from this 
earthly life one of the truest, noblest, gentlest women I have 
ever known. Her whole life was devoted to ministering to 
others. For many years as a teacher of girls she wielded an 
influence in building character which has made many homes in 
the South abodes of culture, refinement, purity, and happiness 
Association with her and her elder sister in their school was 
itself an instrument of the higher education. She was a de- 
voted Christian, and the story of her life can be summed up 
in the description of her Master's activity : "She went about 
doing good." But she was an illustration beautiful and touch- 
ing of one of the grandest traits of woman's character — devo- 
tion to the memory of a hero who had plighted his troth to 
her in the stormy days of our Civil War and who gave his 
life as a sacrifice on the altar of his country. For nearly fifty 
years she had been faithful to the noble man who was en- 
throned in the heart of the beautiful young girl. 

Capt. John Yates Beall at the beginning of the war was a 
youth of fine family, a zealous member of the Episcopal 
Church, owning a large estate in the beautiful valley of Vir- 
ginia. When Virginia called her sons to defend her against 
invasion, he at ence answered her call and enlisted as a private 
in a regiment that was part of the immortal "Stonewall Bri- 
gade." In October, 1S61, he was desperately wounded. He 
came South in the following winter seeking restoration to 
health. In Georgia he met at the house of a friend Miss 
Martha O'Bryan, a maid from Tennessee, who wa= a refugee. 
She was remarkable for her beauty, her wit, her vivacity, and 
her culture. It was "love a' ".rst sight" with both of them, 
and they were engaged to be married. 

Returning to Richmond, the young man was commissioned 
as master in the navy, with the rank of captain. He had spent 
some time before this in Iowa and in Canada gathering infor- 
mation and forming plans for rescuing the Confederate prison- 
ers on Johnson's Island. With two little boats, the Raven and 
the Swan, he, with a few bold spirits, engaged in privateering 
on Chesapeake Bay ; and he was so successful that the Federal 
government sent out a large expedition of infantry, cavalry, 
and artillery with gunboats, and succeeded in capturing him. 
He was exchanged in May, 1864. 

Then it was he undertook to carry out his plan of rescuing 
the prisoners on Johnson's Island. He expected to capture 
the United States war steamer Michigan, which guarded the 
island, and use her to free the Confederates. He had suc- 
ceeded in capturing two lake passenger steamers, and was con- 
fident of his ability to take the war vessel, when his crew 
practically mutinied, being deterred by the dangers of the 
enterprise. But he was confident that he would have succeeded 
if his associates had been true to him. The story of what he 
actually accomplished reveals a character of utmost daring. 
of cool judgment, and of patriotic devotion. 

Then for a time he, with a few Confederates, watched the 
military trains near Buffalo, N. Y„ which carried prisoners. 
His purpose was to capture the trains and release the prison- 



ers. He was unsuccessful in this, and was captured in De- 
cember, 1864, as he was on a train going to Canada. The 
Federal government had strained every nerve to take him. 
He was tried as a spy. His doom was sealed from the begin- 
ning. He was refused every right that even a guilty criminal 
may claim ; and though he indignantly repudiated the charge 
of being a spy, and could have shown that he was a regular 
officer in the Confederate service, engaged in legitimate mili- 
tary operations, he was convicted on February 8, 1865, and was 
hanged on Governor's Island on February 24, 1865. 

The testimony of all who saw him during his imprisonment, 
friends and enemies alike, was that he bore himself with the 
calm courage of a Christian and the courtesy of a gentleman 
In the estimation of all unprejudiced persons his execution 
was a military murder. His humble faith in Jesus Christ 
deeply impressed the gospel ministers who attended him. 

One of his last acts was to send his prayer book to his be- 
trothed. His letters to her before his capture breathe the 
tenderest love. And it was her love which was an inspiration 
to him in all of his daring exploits as well as his faith in 
Christ, a support and comfort to him in the dark days when 
he knew that he was to be the victim of malignant hatred. 

And she was worthy of his confidence. Her love through 
all the years had known neither change nor abatement. She 
did not give herself up to idle and useless repining, but with 
courage she took up life's duties, determined to live worthy of 
the noble soul to whom she had given her heart. For fifty 
years she went forward in the path of duty, looking forward 
to a meeting with her beloved in the presence of that Saviour 
ivhom they both loved supremely. 



Theodore Lindsay Thukman. 
Died at his home, near Charlottesville, Va., on November 
27, 1910, Mr. T. L. Thurman, aged almost seventy-six years 
At the beginning of the war, in April, 1861, he volunteered in 
the "Albemarle Light Horse," afterwards Company K, 2d 
Virginia Cavalry, in which he served faithfully throughout 
the war, participating in most of the battles of the Army of 
Northern Virginia, under General Lee. Returning home after 
the surrender, he took up his farm life, and was widely known 
and respected throughout his life as a most useful citizen and 
an upright and honorable man. He was noted especially for 
his devoted service to his Church, of which he was the oldest 
officer and member, and for his hospitality as a neighbor 



George R. Minor. 

Died very suddenly at his home, six miles from Charlottes- 
ville, Va., on November 9, 1910, Mr. George R. Minor, aged 
almost seventy-two years. He volunteered for the war in 
April, 1861, as a private in the Albemarle Light Horse, which 
became Company K, 2d Virginia Cavalry, in which he served 
faithfully till the surrender at Appomattox in April, 1865, and 
bore a gallant part in all the great battles of the Army of 
Northern Virginia, under General Lee. At the close of the 
war he returned to his home and married Miss Sally M. 
Carr, of Charleston, W. Va. The rest of his life was spent 
in the care of his farm, the bringing up of his large and in- 
teresting family, and in the service of his Church, of which 
he was a devoted member and officer for over forty years. 

He was a man of fine natural ability, a strong and vigorous 
thinker, a public-spirited citizen, a genial and most hospitable 
neighbor, a true and loyal friend, and for years an active and 
useful magistrate. Of him it has been well said that he was a 
Virginia gentleman without fear and without reproach. Six 



Qo^fedcrat^ l/eterai). 



129 



sons and four daughters survive him, whose richest legacy is 
an honored, untarnished name. He deserves record here. 

[These two sketches are by William \V. Minor, of Char- 
lottesville. It is a coincidence, as stated, that both Thurman 
and Minor were seventy and over, both served as privates in 
the same company, both farmers and Church officials to :he 
end, and both notice for the Last Roll come in the same in- 
closure, both having died in November, 1910.] 



C. H. Leache. 

Worthy as a soldier, Christian, Mason, husband, father, and 
friend was Mr. C. 11. Leache, of Pulaski, Va. He was struck 
by a switch engine in the Norfolk and Western yards Decem- 
ber 9, 1910, and died that afternoon. The funeral services 
were conducted at Christ's Episcopal Church by the Rev. J. 
W. Canty Johnson, rector of St. John's Church, Roanoke. A 
large concourse of relatives and friends were present. The 
remains were escorted from the house by members of the 
Pythagoras Lodge, No. 238. A. F. and A. M., of which the 
deceased was a member. The interment at Oakwood Ceme- 
tery was with Masonic honors. Floral tributes testified elo- 
quently to the esteem in which the deceased was held. Mem- 
bers of the James Breathed Camp draped his grave with Con- 
federate flags. 

Charles Hunton Leache, a son of Dr. Jesse Willett Leache 
and Jane Roberts Hunton, was born March i_\ [837, al "Wood 
Park." near New Balti- 
more, Fauquier County, 
Va. He was married in 
1865 to Miss 1 [ortensia 
Tyler, of Prince Wil- 
liam County. Va, They 
went to Pulaski County 
in 1880, first living al 
Radford Furnace, 
where he was book. 
keeper and manager. 
At Pulaski City he was 
with the Bertha Min- 
eral Company for some 
time, and then with the 
Pulaski Iron Company. 
h.i\ ing the management 
of the companj store 
for the past fifteen 
years. He was senior 
warden of Christ Epis- 
copal Church. 

Comrade Leache is 
survived by his wife 
and live children : Julia 
and Charles Hunton 
Leache, Mrs. A. H. 
Gemmell, of Pulaski. 
Mrs. J. B. Baskerville, 
■ if Roan iki , and Mrs 

W. CarSOn Downs, of 
Baltimore, Md. ID is also survived by six grandchildren, a 
sistei 1 Miss Sallie I eache, ••< Norfolk, Va.), and two brothers 
{ X". W. Leai lir. 1 if ibis county, and Eug( ne Leache, of 'I , 

He was a member of the famous Black Horse Troop, 4th 
Virginia Cavalry, which wa- organized July 4. 1857. Com- 
rade Leache was often detailed lor special I"! ili mis duty. In 
1859, while yet a trooper before the war began, he and eleven 




C n. 1 1 v 111 



other members acted as escorl 10 Mrs. John Brown when 
she went from Harper's Ferry to Charlestown to take leave 
of her fanatical husband before his execution. On another 
occasion, in 1861, he was one of the soldiers detailed to meet 
at Stone Bridge a like Federal escort with the Prince of 
Wales (afterwards Edward VII.), relieve the Federals, and 
escort the Prince to Manassas for a view of our army. 

He was sent often as a scout far into the enemy's lines, 
and on one occasion with one other, after an all-night ride, 
they called at a friendly home for breakfast. The Noun- 
ladies volunteered to watch their horses while they ate. Be- 
fore they finished, their faithful guards reported that thej wen 
being surrounded by Federal cavalry. Rushing to their horses, 
they made a dash, shooting as they ran. Dropping their 
empty guns, they continued the fight with pistols and sabers 
until they made their escape. 

He was with his company and regiment in their every en- 
gagement until his capture in 1863. He was in prison at Fort 
Delaware and Point Lookout. 

He seemed never to be wanting in the Christian graces. He 
was quiel anil pure in all the walks of life, broad in scope and 
feiling toward those who differed with him in belief. He was 
a regular attendant on the services in the churches. As hus- 
band and father he was kind and affectionate. He was hasten- 
ing to the station to sec his invalid wife off on a train when 
the fatal accident occurred. As a Mason he was thoroughly 
esti emed. He was a gentleman under all circumstances. 

[Sketch from a comrade and friend, J. B. P /] 

Coi.. A. S. Vandeventer. 

Col. Alex Spottswood Vandeventer. son of William and 
Martha Clark Vandeventer. was born in Lee County, Va., in 
November, 1844; and died at bis home, in Fayetteville. Ark., 
April 26, 1910. 

At the outbreak of the war. in 1S61, Colonel Vandeventer 
raised a company in his native county, was elected captain, 
and then helped to organize the 50th Virginia Infantry. This 
was at Camp Jackson, Wythcville, Va. A. W. Reynolds (after. 
wards brigadier general) was its first colonel. [The regiment 
evidently escaped from Donelson with General Floyd. — Ed.] 
The regiment was with Gen. John I'. Floyd in his West Vir- 
ginia campaign and at Fort Donelson. After the battle of 
Fort Donelson the regiment was recruited and reorganized at 
Camp Jackson. Capt. Thomas Poage, of Pulaski, was elected 
colonel and Capt. A. S. Vandeventer lieutenant colonel 

In a battle near Suffolk. Va., under lien. Roger A. Pryor. 
Colonel Poage was killed, and Lieutenant Colonel Vande- 
venter was promoted colonel of the regiment at the age of 
nineteen years. The regiment was transferred to the Army 
of Northern Virginia, and participated in tin great battle of 
Chancellorsville, in which Colonel Vandeventer commanded a 
brigade on the second day. He was captured with E. M. 
rohnson's division at the bloody angle. Spottsylvania C. 11 . 
M.n 1 .'. iNi,|. and iv. 1- confined at Fort Delaware 11 
one of the --ix hundred Confederate officers placed under the 
fire of our guns in Charleston Harbor. He was included in 
an exchange of some of the prisoners. 

He returned to his home, his regiment being still in prison, 
for a brief visit. Soon he was given permission by Gen John 
l\ Breckinridge to raise a squadron of boys under military 
age and scout in front of Breckinridge's command in South- 
wesl Virginia, He bad many thrilling experiences. His regi- 
ment remained prisoners until the close of the war. 

Colonel Vandeventer went West in 1865, and stopped off at 
Nebraska City, Ncbr.. where he became acquainted with and 



130 



Qo^federat^ l/eterap. 



married Miss Mollie Patton, a Southern girl from Missouri. 
In 1866 they went to Fayetteville, Ark., where four children 
blessed their home. Willie, the eldest daughter, teaches ex- 
pression in the Arkansas University at Fayetteville, James is 
in California, Edward is editor of the Salt Lake Daily Tele- 
graph, and Geraldine is Mrs. Ralston, of St. Louis. 

Colonel Vandeventer was a lawyer, and ranked as among 
the best in Northwest Arkansas, and was in the highest sense 
a gentleman. 

[Sketch from T. J. Vandeventer, of Memphis, Tex.] 

B. S. Lovelace. 

B. S. Lovelace was born at Mifflin, Henderson County, 
Tenn., in July, 1839, and was educated in the common schools 
of his section. In the great war of the sixties he served as 
first lieutenant in a company of the 51st Tennessee Regiment, 
and took part in many such battles as Missionary Ridge, Look- 
out Mountain, Perryville, Ky., and in the battles between 
Dalton and Atlanta. He lost a leg at Peachtree Creek. 

He was married and in 1883 went to Fannin County, Tex., 
where he served four years as magistrate and four years as 
court collector, giving satisfaction in the discharge of his duties. 
His death occurred on January I, 191 1, of pneumonia, and 
he was buried by his comrades in the cemetery at Bonham. 
He had been long a consistent member of the Church, and 
died in the hope of the hereafter. 

Aza Powell Gomer. 

[A sketch of Capt. A. P. Gomer was published in the Vet- 
eran several months ago, but its substance is given again with 
a vivid likeness.] 

Captain Gomer was a native of Nansemond County, Va., 
born in October, 1835. He died 
in Suffolk in December, 1909. 
He was educated in an "old 
field school ;" but was a student 
at Roanoke College, Salem, 
Va., at the beginning of the 
war, when he returned home 
and enlisted in Company F, of 
the 3d Virginia Infantry, and 
was made a sergeant. 

He served in the Peninsular 
campaign under General Ma- 
gruder, was in several engage- 
ments around Yorktown, and 
in every battle with his com- 
mand to Gettysburg, where he 
was wounded, losing a leg. He 
was held a prisoner for nine 
months, during which time he, 
with six others, was condemned 
to be hanged in retaliation for some Federal spies in Tennes- 
see; but the sentence was not executed, and he was further 
imprisoned at Point Lookout. He was exchanged and ap- 
pointed by the Secretary of War to post duty, in which he 
continued until the surrender. 

Lieut. Charles H. King. 

Charles Hayes King, fourth son of Col. James M. and Mar- 
tha Batey King, was born October 8, 1835, near Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., where he resided throughout his entire life. His death 
occurred on July 1, 1910. 

The war record of Charles H. King deserves more than 
passing mention as a type of that heroic spirit which placed no 



limits on the sacrifice for principle. He cast his lot with the 
people of a kindred faith and wrought with undaunted devo- 
tion to the end of his dying day. At the age of twenty-six he 
enlisted in the State service at Nashville, Tenn., as lieutenant. 




A. p. gomer. 




CHARLES H. KING. 

On the first Monday in April, 1861, Company I, 1st Tennessee 
Infantry, that became famous in the Confederacy, was organ- 
ized at Murfreesboro with the following officers : Captain, Wm. 
Ledbetter; Lieutenants, Hardy Murfree, Fred James, and 
Charles H. King. While serving in the State militia this com- 
pany was stationed in East Tennessee. Soon, however, the 
State seceded and the regiment was sworn into the Confederate 
service and sent to Northwestern Virginia under command of 
Colonel Maney, Anderson's Brigade, where it fought in the 
battles of Cheat Mountain, Bath, Sewell Mountain, Brady's 
Gate, Romney, Va., and at Hancock, Md. The regiment re- 
turned through East Tennessee and went to Corinth, Miss., 
reaching there just in time for the battle of Shiloh, April 6. 
1862. After this battle they dropped back to Tupelo, Miss., 
where, owing to many casualties, the company and regiment 
were organized. 

Charles King was again offered a lieutenancy and also a 
colonelcy in another regiment, but he declined both, prefer- 
ring to fight in the ranks of the 1st Tennessee Regiment. As 
evidence of his bravery, he was chosen for very hazardous 
undertakings. On one occasion, during the battle of Mur- 
freesboro, he was selected with nine others to penetrate the 
Federal lines from different points and bring to headquarters 
desired information. The ten men thus chosen were Jim 
Anderson, Billy and Jim Beasley, Alf McClean, Kurg House, 
Tobe James, Charles H. King, Ike Nance, Fount Neal, and 
Robert Rucker. All prepared to go, expecting never to return, 
but just on the eve of starting the necessity for the under- 



Qo^federat^ tfeterai). 



131 



taking was removed and the order countermanded. Unflinch- 
ing and fearless, Charles King was ever at the post of duty. 
He was conspicuous in the battle of Perryville, October 8, 
1862, and was wounded in the left forearm. 

The command returned to Tullahoma, Tenn., and advanced 
on Shelbyville and thence to Murfreesboro, and Comrade King 
was in line of battle at Murfreesboro (Stone's River) Decem- 
ber 30 and 31, 1862, and January I, 1863. They retreated to 
Shelbyville, and while the regiment was there on provost duty, 
near the close of 1863, he was detached and transferred to the 
signal corps of the Western Army, Captain Otey commanding. 
In this capacity he served until the end of the war, and sur- 
rendered at Greensboro, N. C, April 30, 1865. 

At the close of the war, impoverished but not dispirited, 
Charles King returned to his home and engaged in farming 
as soon as he could gain possession of his land, which had been 
confiscated and was held by the government for two years 
after the close of hostilities, and this occupation he followed 
until his death. He cherished to the end his prized relics and 
vivid memories of that heroic struggle in which grim glory 
waved her crimson wand above the land of Lee. 

He was married July 18, 1866, to Miss Anne Wood, and of 
this union nine children were born, as follows : Dr. James M., 
Jeannette M., Mrs. Mary King Floyd, George W., Patti Batey, 
Charles H., Jr. (deceased), Anna M., Dr. Joseph E. [named 
for General Johnston], and Sparks Richardson King. 




RICHARD HARDY TITT. 

R. II. Tutt was born August 8, 1842, in Shelby County, 
Tex.; and died January 14, 191 1, in Longview, Tex. lie en- 
listed at Henderson, Tex., at tin- firing of the first guns, to- 
gether with R. I). Plunkctt, of Little Rock, who ran away 
from home to go into the army, and Philip Pegues, of Long- 
view. They served in the igth Texas most of the war west 
of the Mississippi, and were in almost every battle witli tin it 
regiment, surrendering with it at Hempstead, Tex. 

After the struggle ended, Comrade Tutt returned to his old 
home at Danville, near Kilgore, Gregg County, and engaged 
in merchandising and farming. He continued in these avoca- 



tions for many years, and then moved to Longview. He mar- 
ried in 1868 Miss Cordelia Eliza Jane Warlick. Her death 
occurred fourteen years ago, since which time he had lived 
for others, caring for relatives as well as his own family. 

Richard Hardy Tutt was a firm believer in Christianity. He 
valued his word, and it was more than life to him. He took 
the oath of total abstinence years ago ; and when urged to take 
whisky in his last sickness, he said : "I have given my word 
that I would not drink." 

He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and said on his deathbed: "If there is a heaven, I know I 
will get there." His quiet and serious manner, his earnest 
and simple ways won for him general love and respect. He 
was one of God's noblest works — an honest man. 
Samuel H. Mobberly. 

Sam H. Mobberly fell asleep Thursday, December 15, 10,10, 
in the Mobberly Hotel, Longview, Tex. His life was a daily 
sermon to his fellow-men. 

Comrade Mobberly was of an old and honored Kentucky 
family. He was of a class ready to die in harness, but never 
turn back to the foe. He was born in Daviess County, Ky., 
September 10, 1842, and was never ill until his last sickness. 

At the first news of the strife between the States he hurried 
to the nearest recruiting station and enlisted at Russellville 
in the 1st Kentucky Infantry under Col. (afterwards Gen.) 
Ben Harden Helms. No man was more faithful to the South- 
ern cause than Samuel H. Mobberly from the beginning to 
the surrender. He was a consistent member of the Baptist 
Church; and when the end came, he said: "I am ready." 

Five years after the war he married Miss L. R. Bennett, of 
Madison Station, Miss., forming a happy union for forty years. 
He is survived by her and their four children. The funeral 
was largely attended. The last sad rites were performed by 
his brother Masons. 

[From sketch by the U. C. V. committee of John Gregg 
Camp, Longview, Tex., as also those of R. H. Tutt and A. A. 
Womack. The Womack sketch is on page 132.] 




SAMUEL H. MOBBERLY. 



132 



Qorjfederat^ l/eterai? 




Albert Alonzo Womack. 

A. A. Womack was born in Hernando, Miss., February 29, 
1844; and died in Longview, Tex., December 14, 1910. While 
in infancy he was taken by his parents to Texas, where he 
spent the rest of his life, except the four long years spent in 
the Confederate army. 

When war was declared between the States, Comrade Wom- 
ack enlisted in the 3d Texas Infantry, and was in the army 
to the last. In the battle of 
Pleasant Hill, La., he was 
taken prisoner, sent to New 
Orleans, and confined for a 
whole year, when exchanged. 
He reenlisted and served un- 
til the surrender. Not per- 
mitted to write to his people 
during his long imprisonment, 
they thought him dead. Like 
tens of thousands of his com- 
rades, he did his duty, and 
he did it well. 

Immediately after the war 
he located at Bryan, Tex., 
and married Miss Louisa 
Proctor, whose death soon 

r 11„ J 1. 1 . , ALBERT A. WOMACK. 

followed, when he moved to 

Marshall and thence to Longview in 1871, and engaged in suc- 
cessful business enterprises until the day of his death. In 
1874 Comrade Womack married Miss Eliza Harris Flewellen, 
who survives him, together with one daughter, Miss Kate. 

He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church to 
the end, and during a business career of nearly forty years he 
was noted for his uprightness in all transactions, and he was 
a steadfast friend. 

[From sketch by the U. C. V. committee of John Gregg 
Camp. Longview, Tex.] 

W. P. M. Scott. 

On the night of May 16, 1909, William Poston Monroe 
Scott answered his last earthly roll call. On February 12, 
1864, as an eighteen-year-old boy he volunteered in the Con- 
federate army, that of Northern Virginia, in Capt. William 
Lowry's battery of artillery, Maj. William McLaughlin's bat- 
talion, General Early's corps. 

In April before he died he called some of his loved ones 
around him and said: "I am proud that I was even a private 
in the Army of Northern Virginia, and my honored com- 
manders and comrades resting and sleeping in the precincts of 
this beautiful mother earth I hope some bright day to see 
in the house of many mansions, where only soldiers in 
the most exalted sense meet and greet each other, and where 
forever we can walk the golden streets of our Heavenly 
Father's home." 

As a soldier he was ever true to the end. He left five sons 
to follow the example of this humble private, beloved citizen, 
and noble father. 

[By Miss Elizabeth Scott, only daughter of Comrade Scott.] 
Charles James Hume. 

Charles J. Hume, whose death occurred at Edwards, Miss., 
on September 2, was born near that place in 1838. He was 
the son of Robert and Nancy Hume, of Culpeper C. H., Va., 
who had removed to Mississippi. His forefathers came from 
Scotland. Charles Hume served with Company I, of the 28th 
Mississippi Regiment, Starks's Cavalry, and of his company 
less than six are now alive. He was twice wounded during 



the war. He is survived by his wife, who was Miss Rosa 
Ann Moore, of Brandon, Miss., two sons, and three daughters. 

Col. Tomlinson Fort. 
The name of Col. Tomlinson Fort, of Chattanooga, in the 
Last Roll will sadden many people, for he was well known 
beyond the area of the local press, which contained an elabo- 
rate account of his career at the time of his death, December 
14, 1910. The Chattanooga Times had more than a column 
editorial in regard to him. It stated : 

"The sudden death of Col. Tomlinson Fort was a profound 
shock to the community and occasioned widespread sorrow 
throughout the city. He had been engaged actively in his busi- 
ness and in attending to the duties he had imposed upon him- 
self for the welfare of the public with his wonted spirit and 
energy up to the moment of his death. The news spread in 
an inconceivably short time to all parts of the city, and be- 
fore the body had been taken to his home the entire city was 
mourning the loss of a genuine friend and a foremost citizen. 

"Colonel Fort came to this city from Georgia shortly after 
the Civil War, having fought with distinguished courage on 
the side of the South. He identified himself at once with the 
life and fortunes of the then struggling village, strong even 
at that day in his faith that it would ultimately become a great 
and prosperous city. He was a man of peculiarly methodical 
business habits, careful and painstaking to the minutest details. 
He acquired a profitable legal practice, especially in the care 
of estates and the management of intricate cases in equity. He 
was conservative and safe in all his business transactions. 
Connected as he was in various ways, public and private, with 
Chattanooga for the past forty-five years, the story of his 
life furnishes many side lights of the city he loved and to 
whose interest he was genuinely devoted. 

"Colonel Fort was a man of peculiar individuality, following 
his own well-considered ways and counsels at all times. He 
^^^^^ had strong convictions upon 

v v all subjects, and never hesi- 

-?\ tated to express them with 

open frankness, as if indif- 
ferent to consequences. So 
far was this true that he had 
become in the community a 
privileged character, at liber- 
ty to say what he pleased, all 
the time retaining the respect 
and esteem of those who dif- 
fered with him most violently. 
He earned this right because 
of his lack of bitterness, the 
honesty of his opinion, and 

the purity of his purpose. 
col. tomlinson fort. «. He was a most usefu , 

citizen, counseling caution, and at all times fighting extrava- 
gance in public legislation and graft and corrupt practices. 
He employed no arts in carrying out his plans, but was always 
the 'plain, blunt man,' honest and faithful to his own con- 
scientious scruples. 

"He was particularly devoted to children, and at the time 
of his death he was planning to give pleasure to many a 
childish heart ; and probably the last public act he performed 
was to attend a meeting of the trustees of the Associated 
Charities, of which he was a member and in which work he 
was profoundly interested. His sympathies and his means 
went generously to the worthy poor and needy, as every in- 
stitution for charity and philanthropy in Chattanooga will fully 




Qopfederat^ l/eterai?. 



*33 



nttcst. lie gave liberally to the cause ol religion, recognizing 

the tremendous upbuilding force of religious organizations. 
His charities were well distributed and unostentatiously be- 
stowed. 

"He held several offices in the city government, lie was 
Mayor in the seventies. Later as a member of the school 
board during the early days he loaned bis personal credit to 
keep the schools going, and thereby helped to create a pecul- 
iarly strong and wholesome public sentiment in behalf ol 
Chattanooga schools. As a member of the Hoard of Public 
Works he accomplished much that was good in perfecting a 
system of honest labor and rigid accounting. 

"One of Colonel Fort's most admirable traits was his devo- 
tion to the old Confederate soldier and his reverence for the 
cause for which he fought. He was a loyal American citizen, 
but he would never admit that what he and his comrades 
fought for was wrong. He was one of the main supporters 
of the X. B. Forrest Camp of Chattanooga, ami his purse, his 
time, and his best effort were ever directed to sustaining the 
institution and aiding indigent old soldiers who were in need 
of bounty. That beautiful part of bis character gives him a 
tender place in the heart of every old soldier of cither army 
and places his name high in the roster of those who loved 
their fellow-men and believed in undying principles, lie was 
an admirer of the brave Federal soldier, and among his last 
speeclxs was one delivered at a meeting of the G. A. R. in 
Indiana, in which there breathed the spirit of independence, of 
self-respecting regard for his own record and opinions, but of 
conciliation and esteem for those against whom he had fought." 




BK rOMLl ON 1 mi. 1 . DR Gl ORG! FORT. 

e to hav: > his picture made. The 

per is from an old 1 lotograph made in [876. 

The group is from her "Confederate picture" in a family his. 

bj their sister. Miss Fori These broth in the 

derate service: Lieut. John Fort, ol the tst Georgia 



Regulars. Col. Tomlinson Fort, of the same regiment, and Dr. 
George Fort, surgeon of the ->Sth Georgia Regiment. 

Colonel Fort was born April 26, 1839, a son of Dr. Tomlin- 
son and Martha Low Fort. Dr. Fort was an eminent physi- 
cian, and copies of his "Family Doctor," a volume of much 
benefit in early settlement clays, is still treasured in cases of 
sickness. Dr. Fort served in the Legislature of Georgia for 
cveral terms and in Congress from iSjS to [830. As Presi- 
dent of the Central Bank of Georgia he financed largely the 
building of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. The mother 
of Colonel Fort was a woman of many extraordinary qualities, 
["he Editor of the Veteran treasures the memory of a visit 
at her home, in MJacon, Ga., on her eighty-second birthday. 
( 'n I hose anniversaries her children bad been lavish with their 
gifts, but she had been exacting for that day in asking them 
to give her only such things as she could give to the poor. 

Way back in iS.^S Dr. Fort, realizing that Chattanooga 
would he the eastern terminus of the Western and Atlantic 
Railroad, bought much land in that vicinity. Colonel Fort 
d there soon after the war. and for forty-live years he 
was active and unstinted in the development of the place. 
I lie writer bought the Chattanooga Times in iS;0. and during 
the several years that he owned and edited that paper Colonel 
Fort was the most prolific "booster" in the city. This was 
111 ,111 eminently practical way. lie was more prolific of news 
than a group of reporters on the many, main evenings that 
he called at the rimes office. 

Colonel Fort was at a law school when the war began, but 
he left school at once to go with the 1st Georgia Regulars. 
Me was severely wounded at Malvern Hill and again at Sec- 
ond Manassas. He had been promoted to captain, and late in 
the war was frequently in command of his regiment. 

The funeral of Colonel Fort was an event of extraordinary 
public interest. The service was conducted by Rev. J. W. 
Bachman at the family residence, .1 simple tribute to the many 
excellent characteristics of the man. The remains were sent 
to Millcdgeville. the old capital of Georgia and the childhood 
hom< of Dr. Fort's children. 'I be procession from the resi- 
dence to the railway station was conducted under the elm 1 oi 
police as marshal. The procession was headed by the police 
department ahead of the hearse. Next in line wei, 'lie Con- 
federal,-, then the Masons, and these organizations were fol- 
lowed In the lire department and carriage- Colonel Fori never 
wore his Confederate uniform on public occasions, and the 
veteran-, wore civilian clothes, retaining merely their bailee-. 
The ten active and twenty-eight honorary pallbearers composed 
the leading and most eminent men of the city. The surviving 
members of Colonel Fort's family are three sisters 1 Miss Kate 
Fort and Mrs, Frances F. Brown, of Chattanooga, and 
Sarah I Milton, of KnoxVille) and one brother (Col. John 
P Ion, of Ml. Airy. X. C.I. A nephew. Georgi ' Milton. 

ading newspaper editor and proprietor in Chatta 
and Knoxville. 

M \ I. J. W, RATI HP 

James Wylie Ratchford was born on February 24, 1840, in 

District, near Yorkville, S. C. ; and died at bis home, in 
Paint Rock. Concho County. D \ . on December 3, 1910. 

1 li .mi estrj w ,1- 1 if thai noble 1 ai e « fiich ha > the 

world SO many of the best and sturdiest type of men. the 

Irish Presbyterians, The ancestors of both sides of 
tin housi go back to the Covenanters of Scotland, then 
ib' North of Ireland, and thence in Vmeri 
been in .America since about the middle of thi 
tury, having settled in whal 1- now the State of South Caro- 



134 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



lina while it was still a part of the province of Mecklenburg, 
during the early part of the reign of George III. 

His military record began as a cadet of the North Carolina 
Military Institute, from whence he went at the beginning of 
the Confederate war as aid to Col. (afterwards Gen.) D. H. 
Hill with the rank of lieutenant. He took part in the battle 
of Bethel, and was wounded in that fight, being probably the 
first man in the Confederate army to be wounded in battle. 
He was in all the battles and campaigns of the Army of North- 
ern Virginia during the first two years of the war, or until 
the first days of July, 1863, having been promoted early in the 
war to the position of major and assistant adjutant general of 
the command of Gen. D. H. Hill. He was again wounded in 
the battle of Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks. He never missed a 
battle or a march in which his command was engaged. 

About July 1, 1863, General Hill and staff were transferred 
to the department commanded by Gen. Braxton Bragg, Army 
of Tennessee, and arrived in time for the preliminary move- 
ments of the battle of Chickamauga, in which he took part. 

Shortly after the battle of Chickamauga General Hill and 
staff were ordered to report to Richmond for duty, and soon 
after that Major Ratchford was ordered back to the Army of 
Tennessee, having meanwhile been at home on furlough for a 
month. After General Hood took command of the Army of 
Tennessee, Major Ratchford was assigned to the staff of 
Gen. S. D. Lee, in which position he remained until the close, 
although serving temporarily again with General Hill. 

He was wounded in the leg on the retreat from Nashville. 
He was three times wounded in battle, but never so disabled 
as to be unfit for duty, and having never missed a battle ex- 
cept those of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, which 
were fought while he was at home on furlough. 

From the close of the war he remained at his home in South 
Carolina trying to recuperate the shattered condition of things 
until 1867, when he moved to Texas, where the remainder of 
his life was spent. In Concho County he became identified 
with the people, and there he lived and died. He was clerk 
of the county and district for two years and county surveyor 
for a number of terms, and for a while was a teacher in the 
public schools. He took part in public movements looking to 
the betterment of conditions. He was for many years an of- 
ficer of the Masonic fraternity, and was always counted a 
faithful and efficient public servant. He was from his boy- 
hood a member and later a ruling elder of the Presbyterian 
Church, having been twice a commissioner to its General As- 
sembly. He was a man sorely tested many times, but always 
emerged as pure gold. For years he was a great sufferer, but 
never complained, expressing resignation to God's will. 

[From sketch by George R. Ratchford, Grassy Meadows, 
W. Va.] 

C. W. Bell. 

The Veteran notes with sorrow the passing at St. Peters- 
burg, Fla., of C. W. Bell, who was Adjutant of Camp Zolli- 
coffer there, and also acted as the Veteran's representative. 
His death occurred on December 4, at the age of sixty-six 
years. He served with the artillery in the C. S. A., and made 
a valiant soldier. He was, too, a zealous comrade and a tire- 
less worker in the interest of his Camp, U. C. V., a noble and 
useful man. 

Churchill. — William A. Churchill died at Front Royal, 
Va., on November 22, 1910, aged sixty-six years. He was a 
gallant soldier of Company E, 7th Regiment Virginia Cav- 
alry, and an honored member and Sergeant Major of Wil- 
liam Richardson Camp, U. C. V. 



George W. Stewart. 
George W. Stewart was born in Nashville, Tenn., November 
6, 1842; and died in the city of his birth March 2, 1910. He 
was an active, successful, and useful man, and was well known 
in business. He was a member of the firm of Stewart & 
Bruckner. He was not only a member of Camp No. 35, U. C. 
V., and Frank Cheatham Bivouac, but was also an active mem- 
ber of Company B, Confederate Veterans, perhaps the most 
noted company of veterans in existence. 

A committee fiom Company B, in resolutions made of rec- 
ord on the company journal and sent to the family, mentions 

him as "a valuable 
and highly esteemed 
member and a good 
citizen, also a devoted 
husband, father, and 
a faithful friend." 

Comrade Stewart 
was a member of 
Hugh L. McClung's 
battery, 1st Tennessee 
Light Artillery, hav- 
ing enlisted in 1861. 
He was in the battles 
of Fishing Creek, Shi- 
loh, Corinth, • Iuka, 
Missionary Ridge, and 
on to Nashville. In 
the latter he was cap- 
tured and kept in 
Camp Douglas prison 
to the close of the 
war. 

High tribute is paid 
to George Stewart's 
career by his com- 
rade, Melville M. Barnes, who wrote : "There were times when 
the odds were greatly against us, the men were falling thick 
and fast, when it looked like death ; destruction was in the 
air, yet he, with others of the company, stood to the guns. In 
such ordeals George Stewart was ever cheerful under the 
most trying circumstances. Our brass-rifled cannon were en- 
graved by order of the Confederate Congress 'Nashville' and 
'Shiloh' for efficient services rendered in the battle of Shiloh." 
Comrade Stewart was ever faithful to the cause, being ac- 
tive in all the duties of his Camp and company, and a constant 
reader of the Veteran from the beginning. 

Charles U. Richardson. 

C. U. Richardson died at Broken Bow, Nebr., on December 
3, 1910, aged sixty-seven years. In April, 1861, he enlisted 
in the Warren Rifles, afterwards Company B, 17th Virginia 
Regiment, and served with conspicuous bravery for a year, 
when, being incapacitated for infantry duty from a wound, he 
secured a transfer to Company E, 7th Virginia Cavalry, in 
which he maintained the reputation for gallantry so well 
earned in his former command. For his intelligence, cool- 
ness, and daring he was by his brigade commander, Gen. Wil- 
liam E. Jones, detailed as orderly, in which capacity he was 
frequently intrusted with orders properly belonging to a staff 
officer. In 1871 he moved to Nebraska, and his fellow-citizens 
showed their appreciation of his sterling worth by electing 
him for two terms (the limit allowed by law) sheriff of the 
strong Republican county of Custer. 

[Sketch by Maj. Irving A. Buck, of Front Royal, Va.] 




GEORGE W. STEWART. 



Qoofederat^ l/eterai). 



135 



Col. Minor Meriwether. 

This distinguished gentleman of the Old South had reached 
In- fourscore and four years when he laid his burden down. 

He was born in Christian County, Ky., and was educated as 
a civil engineer. When the great war began, he enlisted to 
serve in the engineering corps, and served under several com- 
manders. He was with Gen. Sterling Price, Gen. Leonidas 
Polk, then Gen. W. W. Loring, and later with President Davis, 



W. Va. He enlisted early in the war, and served with dis- 
tinction in Stonewall Jackson's command. His pallbearers 
were from William Richardson Camp, U. C. V. 




COL. MINOR MERIWETHER. 

performing much intricate and valuable service. He was mar- 
ried in the fifties to the gifted and beautiful Elizabeth Avery, 
who has written many interesting and forceful books: "Mas- 
ter of the Red Leaf," "Black and White," "The Kuklux Klan," 
"My First and Last Love." ("The Sowing of the Swords; 
or, The Soul of the Sixties" is a recent volume, of which much 
will be said in the Veteran.) 

After the war, Colonel Meriwether located in Memphis, 
where he practiced until the yellow fever epidemic, when 
he moved to St. Louis. He resumed practice there, and con- 
tinued until a short while before his death. He was success- 
ful in his last suit before a St. Louis court, in which case there 
were four hundred and ninety-nine defendants. 

He was a devoted Confederate, and in his dying message 
to the St. Louis Camp he sent words of cheer with the request 
that the Camp attend his funeral in a body. 

Mr. Lee Meriwether, the only surviving son, is a noted 
citizen of St. Louis. A prominent lawyer like his father, he 
has been active in other ways. He is the author of several 
hooks and is a much-traveled man. He went through Europe 
much like a tramp, learning the inner life of the peasantry. 

In the August (1910) Veteran, page 385, Col. M. R. Tunno, 
of Savannah, < !a , paid Colonel Meriwether a fine personal trib- 
ute, which was very soon after Colonel Meriwether's death 

Moore.— Charles T. Moore died at Front Royal, Va., after 
a lingering illness. He was a native of Greenbrier Countv, 



Dr. William A. Knatp. 

The community of Lake Charles, La., lost a valued citizen 
in the death of Dr. William Alfred Knapp, which occurred in 
the latter part of 1910, after a short illness of pneumonia. He 
was a splendid type of the Southern gentleman, and under a 
slightly abrupt manner had the most kindly of natures, kind 
and loving in his family, kind and loyal in his friendships, a 
good citizen in every sense of the word. He was to the last 
true to the cause for which he had fought, and was buried in 
uniform of Confederate gray with the beloved flag about him. 

Dr. William A. Knapp was born sixty-three years ago in 
New Orleans, his parents having come from France several 
years before to make 
their home in Louisi- 
ana. As a youth he 
studied pharmacy, and 
was practicing under 
Dr. Brown in Baton 
Rouge when the war 
broke out, and he en- 
listed as a private un- 
der Capt. J. W. Jones 
in Ogden's Cavalry 
Battalion. During the 
four years of war Dr. 
Knapp served the Con- 
federacy, and at the 
conclusion of his serv- 
ice he located in Clin- 
ton, La., where he mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth 
D'Armond. Three chil- 
dren — Fred, Lillian, an 
Ethel — were born to 
them, and some twenty- 
five years since the 
family removed to Lake Charles, which had since been their 
family home. Dr. Knapp engaged in the drug business there at 
first for himself and later with Mathicu's Drug Store. 

In 1892 Dr. Knapp organized Calcasieu Camp, No. 62, U. 
C. V., and was its Commander from that time. In 1899 he 
organized the Robert E. Lee Chapter, U. D. C, of which he 
was an honorary member. lie was an enthusiastic worker for 
the perpetuation of the organizations. Notwithstanding his 
love for the Old South, lie was very popular with G. A. R. 
veterans, and those residing in Lake Charles were present at 
the funeral services. Dr. Knapp belonged to the Knights of 
Pythias, Masons, Odd Fellows, and Elks, and these lodges, 
together with the Confederate organizations, largely attended 
the services. 

The Veteran had no more loyal and helpful friend than 
Dr. Knapp from its first issue, and in his passing the founder 
feels the loss of a friend indeed. With the years increases 
the list of the good friends who will be known again only 
"when the roll is called up yonder." 




Deaths in Camp Pelham. U. C. V. 
Camp Pelham, No. 258, U. C. V., Anniston, Ala., lost the 
following members during 1910: 

R. S. Wilson, Company A, 1st Confederate, died January 9. 
A. A. Reed, Company C, 3d Alabama, died February 15. 



136 



Qoi)federat<^ l/eterai). 



J. T. Green, Company I, 1 Si h Alabama, died April 10. 
R. M. Snider, Company D, 4th Georgia, died April 20. 
W. M. Rhodes, Company E, 31st Alabama, died April 30. 
T. M. Hickey, Company C, 37th Tennessee, died August 8. 
D. M. Murphy Company C, 55th Alabama, died September 1. 



Deaths in Camp John H. Morgan, Commerce, Ga. 

List of deceased veterans, members of Camp John H. Mor- 
gan, No. 1330, who have died since its organization, in 1901, 
just ten years ago : 

W. B. Power, Co. K, 6th Ga. Regt. Inft. ; 1904. Was first 
Commander of our Camp, and was true to the last. Capt 
E. P. Eberhart, served in the artillery; 1905. W. T. Nunn ; 
1908. Rev. W. T. M. Brock, Co. E, 34th Ga. Regt. ; 1910. R. 
S. Eidson, 8th Ga. Regt.; November, 1908. W. C. Farabbe; 
1904. W. French Lord; 1904. Dr. W. B. Jackson, Lumpkins's 
Artillery ; 1905. J. Efford Massey, Co. E, 37th Ga. Regt. ; 
August 24, 1910. Dr. J. M. Burns; November, 1908. William 
Thomas Harber; 1903. W. D. Power; 1904. James C. Wade, 
Co. B, 3d Ga. Bat. Sharpshooters; 1904. A. Harrison Hix; 
1908. D. Starrett McWhirter, Co. H, Cobb's Legion; 1907. 
Charles Fleeman, Co. G, 16th Ga. Bat. ; 1907. Rev. Dr. Nel- 
son, former chaplain of Camp; 1908. P. H. Wright, Co. D, 
1 ith Ga. Regt. State Troops; 1901. L. O. Tolbert, Co. C, 
Cobb's Legion; 1904. W. M. Allen; 1906. H. W. Wilson, Co. 
C, 18th Ga. Regt.; 1908. J. B, Hix; 1907. Charley T. Nash, 
Co. C, Cobb's Legion; January, 1910. W. M, Smith, Co. C, 
23d Ga. Regt.; 1906. T. H. Self; 1910. A. J. Sanders; 1910. 
Benjamin F. Merciers ; 1907. W. F. Langslon, Co. C, 33th Ga. 
Regt.; 1907. R. W. Howington ; February 1908. John ,''.. 
Cooper; March 8, 1908. James M. Sailers; 1906. Martin 
Eberhart ; 1910. 

Thus one by one our comrades are answering the last roll 
call, ard we sincerely trust are bivouacking on that bright 
celestial shore beside the river of life to rest from all their 
labors. 

[Sent "fraternally" by G. L. Carson, Sr., Adjutant John H. 
Morgan Camp, No. 1330, U. C. V., Commerce, Ga.] 



Col. E. L. Russell. 

Edward Lafayette Russell was born in Franklin County, 
Ala., August 19, 1845, a son of George Daniel and Emily 
(.Stovall) Russell. He worked on a farm until February, 
1862, when he enlisted to serve the Confederate States govern- 
ment in the 41st Mississippi Regiment. Beginning as a private, 
even young as he was, by his gallantry he was soon made en- 
sign of the regiment. His heroic quality was demonstrated 
conspicuously in the battle of Franklin, an account of which 
is portrayed vividly in the history of that battle by Col. R. W. 
Banks and which is vividly described in the Veteran, Volume 
X., pages 502 and 503- 

When the great war was over, he returned to farm life. 
Still, his ambition was to be promoted to greater successes 
than were possible then on the farm. With a fair woman who 
had faith in him he was all the more ambitious. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1871. In 1876 he had become Vice Presi- 
' dent and General Counsel of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, 
and he was practically in charge of that great property from 
that time until his death, which occurred in Washington late 
in January, 191 1. The funeral was one of great note, too 
elaborate for detailed report herein at present. It was largely 
attended by army comrades and railroad men, from presidents 
to the humblest men along the tracks. 

Fairfax Harrison, President of the Chicago, Indianapolis, 
and Louisville Railroad Company and a director of the Mobile 



and Ohio Railroad, paid the following tribute: "Colonel Rus- 
sell was the highest type of American citizen, eloquent in the 
forum as well as gallant on the tented field. In the army he 
learned discipline, and all his life he practiced and demanded 
it; yet his relation with his employees of every grade was an 
inspiration to all responsible railway managers. Perhaps his 
most marked characteristics were courage, loyalty, and diplo- 
macy. Long before many corporation officers deemed it ox- 




col. EDWARD LAFAYETTE RUSSELL, 
pedient to placate the public he applied in his relations to his 
own great business the doctrine of 'the public be pleased,' and 
with convincing success. He courted public opinion, because 
he deemed a railway officer to be a servant of the people as 
much as any one elected by their suffrages. That he was right, 
the success of his business career was ample demonstration. 
Yet he was in the highest sense a trustee for those who hact 
committed their property to his charge. With vigorous views 
on all questions of policy, when sometimes other opinions 
prevailed in council, he carried out the agreed plans with such 
conspicuous loyalty that no man ever knew that he had not 
himself first advocated that particular policy. All who knew 
him and worked with him loved him. At the end of ten years 
of intimate business contact, during which friendship grew 
and blossomed, I am much affected by the sense of my per- 
sonal loss in his death." 

Mr. Hugh G. Barclay (of Mobile), of the L. & N. Railroad, 
began a tribute under the heading, "God's Ways Are Strange :" 

"O, strange that he whose life so rich 
In deeds of virgin gold, 
Whose smile enshrined in mem'ry's niche 
Of people young and old ; 

Whose tender heart and tireless brain 

Still sought for wounds to heal ; 
Who never spoke sharp words to pain, 

Was ever kind and leal — 

Yes, strange that such a royal soul, 

With life's best work undone, 
In sight of hope's long-cherished goal, 

And hope's full race unrun." 



Qor>federat(? l/eterap. 



[37 



Should such a Thanatopsis grim 

Bequeath to us, who know 
That heaven's foresight must be dim 

To deal us such a blow 
In taking him, this peerless one, 

When worthless lives are left ! 
But hark! God's righteous will be done, 

E'en though the world's bereft." 

Maj. James H. Akin 

Maj. James II. Akin, of Williamson County, Tenn., born 
near Thompsons Station August 12, 1832, was the son of 
Samuel W. Akin, of South Carolina, born in 17SK, and a 
grandson of Rev. John Akin, also a native of South Carolina, 
born in 1761 of Scotch ancestry, who was a Revolutionary 
soldier. lie engaged in the ministry at an early age, and be- 
came a pioneer preacher in Tennessee. He married the widow 
of Robert Howe, a comrade who wa* killed in one of the bat 
ties of the Revolution, and of 
their seven children was S. W. 
Akin, who married Millie Biffle. 
Maj. James Akin was the young- 
est of their nine children and 
the last of that generation. He 
married Marinda Cecil, a native 
of Indiana, in 1859. 

Upon the outbreak of the Civil 
War James Akin organized 
Company E, <)th Battalion Ten- 
nessee Cavalry. The command 
was in the surrender of Fort 
Donelson. The men were ex- 
changed in 1862, and the com- 
mand was reorganized at Jack- 
son, Miss., when Captain Akin was made major, and from 
May, 186.?, he commanded the battalion to the end of the war. 
His wife died in 1867, and in 1881 be married Mrs Sophia 
1 Burnett ) Kirnan, having returned to the vicinitj oi his birth, 
where he resided for the remainder of his life. In [893, losing 
-iiid wife, who bad borne to him three children, he mar- 
ried Lena, a daughter of Dr. Oden, and to this union there 
were three children, one of whom survives. 

Major Akin served as Tax Collector of Maury County and 
as magistrate. Later he Served several terms in the Legisla 
turc as Floterial Representative from Maury, Williamson, 
also Giles and Lewis 1 ^.unties. His regular business was 
farming, and be owned about two-thirds "i ,, ~, , tion of land 
in one of the richest farm belts of the State. His death 0( 
currcd January 21, ton. The burial was at Franklin, Tenn. 
the Starnes and McF.wen Camps officiating 
A. F. Eaton, 

A. F baton, wdiose death occurred in Memphis, renn., Di 
cember 28, tgio, was born iii 1837, near Lynchburg, Lincoln 
Countj (now Moore), Tenn. He enlisted in 1 1 Pete Tur- 
inized as the tsi d and which 

went to Virginia before Tenn- eded This regiment 

was designated as thi 'Fit renni a Regiment, Pro> 
Army." Comrade Eaton served as first lieutenant of ins corn 
pany until so badlj disabled bj wounds that he wa con 
H at 1 ullahoma, 

Jaw I res 

J P Ep| rn in Bedford County, Tenn. .1 son of 

Peter Irby Kpps ami Abigail (Allen) EppS, His 1 
when be was five years of age. From early youth he lived 

near Rienzi, Miss He enlisted in Forn 1 Irj at six- 




teen years of age, and served the last two years of the war 
Later he worked on the farm and clerked in stores at I 
ville, Miss., and Bethel Springs, Tenn. He engaged in mer- 
chandising at the latter place, and did a prosperous business 
for more than thirty years. In the spring of 1910 be moved 
to Corinth. Miss., where be died December 31, tgio, aged sixtj 
four years lie was a member of the Presbyterian Church at 
Bethel Springs, Tenn. A wife and five children survive him 
J. P. Francis. 

John P. Francis was horn in Franklin County. Tenn.. De- 
cember 8, 1841 ; and died at Artesia, N. Mex . January 18, 
1911. He enlisted in the Confederate army in the year 1861 
as a member of Company I, 41st Tennessee Regiment Infantry. 
When bis regiment was ordered to Fort Donelson in February, 
1862, he was left at Russellville, Ky , on detachment duty. He 
followed on in a few days to rejoin his regiment; but upon 
arriving at Dover, near Fort Donelson, he learned that the 
Confederate forces had surrendered. He therefore turned 
back, went to his home in Franklin County, and shortly after- 
wards went to Corinth, Miss., and rejoined the army, being 
assigned to duty in Company K, 17th Tennessee Regiment 

After the exchange of his command in the autumn of 1862, 
lie rejoined his company in January, 1863, at Port Hudson. 
La. He was in the night engagement between the Confederate 
land forces and the United States fleet under Admiral Farra- 
gut in March. [863, when the United States battle ship Missis- 
sippi was burned and Lieutenant (Admiral) Dewey was cap- 
tured by the Confederate forces. He was in the campaign 
from Dalton to Atlanta in 1864, and participated in all of the 
engagements of his regiment. He went with Hood into Ten- 
nessee in the autumn of 1864. and was in the battles of Frank. 
liu and Nashville, Tenn Being captured in the latter engage- 
ment, he was sent North to prison, first at Chicago, 111., and 
then at Point Lookout. Md.. and was released on parole from 
the latter prison in July, 18(15. He was a brave and cour- 
ageous soldier, and calm and deliberate under lire. 

At the close of the war he returned to his home, in Frank- 
lin County, and in 1868 was married to Miss Eleanor J. 
Elliott and settled near Winchester, Tenn., where be lived 
until the autumn of 1009. when he gave up farming and went 
to Artesia. N. Mex., in search of health. He is survived by 
his wife, four sons, and three daughters, to whom he has left 
the heritage of an upright Christian life. 
C. HoF M 1 Gai i \HF.R. 

Mr. C M Gallaher, of Charlestown, \\ Va., dud Januarj 
'o. 1011. after a brief illness, aged seventy-three years. Mr. 
Gallaher served in Company G, 2d Virginia Infantry, gallantlj 
throughout the great war. He was a son r>i the late 11. N. 
Gallaher and the last of live brothers. His wife preceded him 
to the grave but a few months ago. Mr. Gallaher leaves one 
daughter (Mrs Arthur Davenport, of Charlesto id two 

on 1 Mi Wallaci Gallaher, of Richmond, and Mr. Shannon 

Gallaher, of Philadelphia). Funeral in Presbyterian church. 

Sam ri 1 W Fmzzell. 
Bob G on Camp, of Fi anksti in, Tex., lost 1 ne of its 
ing members in the death of First Lieut. S. W. ' 
September _•.;. mm. He enlisted for the 1 
his home in Kentucky earlj in 1861 as a membet 
Kentucky 1 avalry, and for the last two the war he 

was w ith ( ieneral Forrest He was a man 
spected by all. He was in his sixty-ninth year. His v ife sur- 

liim, and is living at Frankston ; whil 
Mrs. Glasscock, is in Washington. D C, an 
L. T. Frizzell, at Groveton, 1 



138 



C^opfederat^ l/eteraij. 



PICKETT'S MEN AT GETTYSBURG. 
[Excerpt from an address on Gettysburg by Maj. F. M. 
Burrows, delivered at a meeting of the R. E. Lee Camp of 
Fort Worth, Tex., September 25, 1910.] 

On yonder hill sat Pickett, bold and intrepid, on his fear- 
less charger, regardless of the fast-flying shot and shell, with 
his heart filled with love and pride for his men, who were 
facing h — . * * * 

Brave and valiant were Pickett's men, who knew no duty 
but to obey their general, awaiting with fast-beating hearts the 
order to advance. When the order to charge was given and 
that body of invincibles responded to their general's com- 
mand, a yell rent the air that carried terror to the hearts of 
those opposing; then there went to the altar of duty the 
noblest men that ever faced a cannon. Cannon, indeed ! 
There were 

Cannon to right of them, cannon to left of them, 
Cannon in front of them, and cannon galore, 
And not one shelter from their brazen roar. 
Nothing but to face them, nothing but to charge them, 
Nothing but to chase them, and nothing but to take them. 
Face them, charge them, chase them, take them 
was the slogan of the boys in gray. 

With numbers against them, numbers to the right of them, 
Numbers to the left of them, 

Numbers in front of them, and numbers galore, 
Defeated them on that fateful day of long ago. 



FRATERNAL WORDS BY A UNION VETERAN. 

When in the year 1865 the last Confederate surrendered, 
between most of the brave men on both sides the war ended. 
Most of the effort made since to perpetuate the animosities of 
the war has come from post-bellum soldiers, the men who 
stayed at home anathematizing "Jeff Davis" as a traitor and 
execrating "old Abe Lincoln" as a tyrant. The veterans of 
the war have always set the example of reconciliation. They 
were ready at once to "forgive and forget." 

The generous Union soldier believes that there was equal 
sincerity and equal courage on both sides. On both sides the 
highest attributes of a military people were undeniably demon- 
strated. No magnanimous Union soldier demands that the 
Southern people shall level the graves of their heroic dead 
and eliminate from their memories the reminiscences of the 
battlefield, the camp, the hospital, and the death chamber with 
which many of their kindred have been immemorially asso- 
ciated. Their right to erect monuments to perpetuate the 
memory of their bravery he does not impugn. 

The soldier in blue does not challenge the fame of those 
whose valor and skill made them the idols of the Southern 
armies. The fame of Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Stuart, the 
Hills, and the Johnstons is just as much a part of the na- 
tional heritage as is the fame of Grant, Thomas, Sheridan, 
Sherman, and Custer. 

Ex-Confederates are all our heroes. The story of that 
"steady, stern, magnificent, heroic, and hopeless charge" of 
Pickett's men at Gettysburg, and the story of the firm, stubborn, 
and brave defense of Chickamauga by Thomas's men equally 
inflame my imagination. There was American valor in both of 
these glorious achievements. The man who cannot see the 
glory of those deeds has a chilled heart and withered faculties. 
In the name of our dead, for the sake of the living, and in the 
interest of our common country, they want the most cordial 
fraternity established ; they want a complete reunion of sun- 
dered ties. 



We must live together on this continent; and the judgment 
and conscience of most of the soldiers in blue is that we should 
repudiate every lingering animosity. Unless we do this, it is 
idle to affirm and boast that we are one in name and one in 
purpose. 

I carry two wounds made by Confederate bullets, but if it 
were possible to have the two ex-Confederates who fired the 
bullets here to-night, I know I could embrace them as brothers. 
These are my sentiments as an ex-Union soldier. Yet I must 
not be understood as surrendering any judgment as to where 
the responsibility for the war lies or as relinquishing any con- 
viction of right and duty or as abandoning any principle in 
which I believe. But these questions have been discussed and 
settled. There is no profit in reminding each other of them. 
Our hearts yearn for concord and the burial of old grievances. 
Obliterate the old scars, cure the old wounds. That is the 
duty resting upon us on both sides. 

There is nothing new in this creed. It is only an echo and 
an amplification of what General Grant said a few years after 
the end of the war, "Let us have peace," meaning thereby an 
abiding and a'l pervading peace. These have been justly pro- 
nounced the grandest words that ever fell from the lips of a 
victorious soldier. 

I make this prediction : Never again will this nation be 
subjected to such another baptism of fire as it received from 
the Civil War. Never again will brother Americans meet in 
battle shock, fighting each other. Never again will the flowers 
of your Southern fields be dyed with the blood of your own 
brave men, shed by the hands of your Northern brethren. 
That perfect fraternity of spirit which we long for between 
blue and gray will exist between their descendants and assure 
the future against such an unhappy occurrence. 



BIG SNOWBALL FIGHT AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND. 

BY CAPT. FRANK BATTLE, PALMYRA, TENN. 

In the winter of 1863 I was a prisoner on Johnson's Island. 
About three thousand prisoners were kept there. They were 
very restless and anxious for exchange. We were living on 
half rations, and the outlook was indeed gloomy. There was 
a deep snow on the ground and the ice was about two and a 
half inches thick. It was so cold that water thrown from 
the second story of the prison would be ice when it reached 
the ground. 

Some one proposed a snowball fight, and small parties would 
engage in the sport ; then all the prisoners organized, and six 
blocks, or wards, proposed to fight the other six. The first 
six blocks contained all the general officers except one, and 
he was not allowed to command in his department. A lad 
from Florida, I think, commanded in his stead. 

Major General Trimble and Brigadier General Beal, of 
Missouri, Archer, of Texas, and Jeff Thompson, from Mis- 
souri, were in District No. 1. No. 2 had a colonel to com- 
mand them. It took some time to get our regiments or bri- 
gades in fighting trim. Some of us had been out of the busi- 
ness so long that we were a little rusty; but when the war 
whoop was sounded and we had fairly gotten into the fight, 
we made the "fur" fly, and we felt that we were at our old 
business again. The fight lasted about two hours, and wounded 
men were lying around thick. I was wounded in several 
places and taken prisoner, but was exchanged on the field. 

The fight was declared a draw, both sides being exhausted 
from hard fighting, and a truce was made to last until the next 
big snow. Our friends in blue took much interest in the 
fight and viewed it from the parapets of the prison. 



Qotyfederat^ l/eterai? 



!39 



ERRORS IN SKETCH OF PRESIDENT M. II. SMITH. 
The distinguished career of Mr. Milton II. Smith, President 
of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, as shown in 
the February VETERAN pleased many people. The greatest 
surprise to any one doubtless was to the eminent citizen who 
was the subject of the article. The VETERAN prides in its 
enterprise to give the first sketch of the life work of a man 
uhi. has been a forceful character in the commerce of the 
South for forty years. The data was procured by the most 
earcfid and most painstaking inquiry from the best sources 
conceivable. It seems a pity not to have had Mr. Smith- 
personal examination of the paper; hut in the absence of that. 
an interview with him afterwards was the only way to get it 
absolutely accurate. Happily that interview has been had; 
ami while several errors occurred, the response shows such 
an exquisite refinement of sentiment about accepting credit at 
the expense of others that it is well worth the space to make 
the corrections. Besides, there is disclosed in these corrections 
some valuable history. The interview shows him to be punc- 
tilious as to the exact truth. He was not born in Chautauqua 
County, X. Y., but in Windham (township), Green County. 
X. Y Me disclaims that his father had to do with manu- 
facturing harvesting machinery. The paper simply states that 
those principles were worked out by his father. 

On other points he says: "McComb did not build the Mis 
sissippi Central Railroad. The Mississippi Central proper. 
extending from Canton. Miss., to Grand Junction, Tenn., was 
promoti d .mil i onstrui ted by people living along the line. Wal- 
ter Goodman, of Holly Springs, being president : and associated 
with him were numerous enterprising citizens, among others 
Gen. A. M. West. Mr. Joseph Mavis, brothei of Fefferson Davis, 
Torrencc, Pigue, Vaiden, and others. That portion extend- 
ing from Grand Junction. Tenn., to Jackson, Tenn., was built 
under the corporate name of Mississippi Central and Tennes- 
see Railroad, promoted by citizens along the line headed by 
Gen R. P. Xeely. of Bolivar, Tenn.. the two corporations being 
consolidated and the line opened through for operation late 
in iSsO McComb and associates did not acquire control until 
[en 01 i weh e J ears thereafter " 

Mr Smith disclaims that he was ever master of transpor- 
tation for all government roads operated in captured terri- 
tory, and that his headquarters were ever at Jackson, Tenn.; 
also that, according to his recollections, the roads entering 
Facl on — namely, the Mobile X- Ohio and the Mississippi 
Central — were not operated after the battle of Shiloh north 
of the Memphis X Charleston Road until after the clo 
the war 

lie was never assistant freight agent under F. S. Van \1 
line, and Mr. Van Alstine was never general manager of the 
Star Union Line. 

He states that the "rich man" referred to never owned anj 
large amount of the stock of the Louisville & Nashville Rail- 
iany. The majority of the stock at that time "as 
owned by the municipalities and counties along the line, who 
elected him president, lie denies tin incident described as 
having occurred with the City Council of Montgomery, and) 

says that at the pel ribed there was never any attempt by 

any our representing the railroads to prevent supplies from 
going into Montgomery. 

He disclaims thai after his n n as General Freight 

Agmt of the Louisville & Nashvilh Road, the Baltimore & 
Ohio, the Pennsylvania, and Mr. Mould offered him employ- 
ment [yet he was engaged For the two former systems], and 

that he never threatened to throw brokers or any o 



of their windows. This note was a pleasantry on the "money 
changers." 

The gravest error in the report was in giving the authorized 
capital of the L. & N. Road at $150,000,000, when it should 
have been $60,000,000, all the greater credit to the marvelous 
achievements of the management of the system; yet that large 
sum was meant to include stocks ai iM bonds 

In conclusion, Mr. Smith says: "I suppose there is no use 
living to modify the exaggerated general statements of the 
work I have done as a traffic and executive official of the 
I ouisville & Nashville Railroad Company. Similar duties are 
performed by similar officials of most of the other roads in 
tin country. In giving me personally credit for the very large 
increase in the transportation facilities created by the Louis- 
ville & Nashville Railroad Company, those who have fur- 
nished the necessary capital are not given credit due; and the 
controlling fact, that the increase in facilities, with correspond 
ing increase in traffic results, could not have been accomplished 
except through the rapid growth of agriculture, manufactures, 
and commerce in the territory served by the company, is not 
given due consideration." 

\ study of the foregoing quotation will show as persistent 
a purpose to give others credit without accepting anj lor self 
as was ever penned, and this is evidently a leading principle 
in this busy man's life, and it shows too why he has never been 
known to get in the limelight that would give to him personal 
in 'Hi 11 

In illustration of his characteristics, the Editor mentions 
having seen him frequently in cities traversed by the Louis- 
ville & X T ashville Railroad walking the streets alone as little 
observed as if one of the humblest employees of the great sys- 
tem that be directs. 

FATALITIES IN MAINE REGIMENTS. 

M.ii. John M. Gould, Secretary of the Maine Regiment As- 
sociation, has compiled some interesting data in regard to the 
fatalities in certain regiments. It seems ib.it "the regiment" 
is a consolidation of the 1st. 10th, and JOth. Me sends the 
Veteran statistics front which the following is quoted: "In 
February, 1889, our directory of the regiment contained the 
names and post office addresses of 1,107 comrades. On that 
date a life insurance expert calculated that there were 1,526 
survivors of the 2,500 grand aggregate, leaving 420 members 
unaccounted for. Since 1889 seventy-six names have been 
added to the directory, but four hundred and sixty-two have 
been erased; hence there are now upon the mailing list seven 
hundred and twenty-one names of members, many of whom 
.0 1 probably dead." 

In a list of twenty-eight of his comrades eight are over sixty, 
nineteen over seventy, and one eighty six years old. The 
average age is over seventy-two years. Of the one hundred 
and twenty-nine officers in the three regiments, thirty-nine 
are yet living. 

( ,1.1 w Mi \i;iin FRIENDSHIP. — Supplemental to the sketch of 
Col. E. L. Russell, page 136 of this issue, mention i 
Ins will. Mis home anil a goodh mn from life insurance » ere 
given his daughter, and the remainder of the estate is given 

h Russell apparently a fair division. VETERA 
ne not enough interested ill this matter to justify tl 
ditional publication. They will, however, be interested ill the 
great hearted event that Mr. R. V. raylor, who succeeds to 
1 -I Russell's position as Vice Presidi I '>ile & 

Ohio Railroad, who held a mortgage of $23,0 I Rus- 

sell*s home, according to the 1' bile Register, hand I Miss 
Russell a receipt in full, freeing it absolutely of incumbrance. 



140 



Qoi?federat^ l/eterap. 



•©ma© ©f MeaJle 9 © N©talblle So^ntUheirini B©©]k© 



Baltimore Sun: "The Neale Publish- 
ing Company has certainly placed those 
who love the South and her glorious 
history under a debt of no small pro- 
portions." 

During the first decade of the twen- 
tieth century The Neale Publishing 
Company has issued more books of val- 
ue that relate to the South, the works 
of Southern writers, than the combined 
output of all other publishers. 

Soon after this house was established, 
more than twelve years ago, it had 
taken its place in the front rank of the 
publishers of the world. 



Now it occupies four buildings, its 
authors are among the writers and not- 
able men of affairs of Great Britain, 
Germany, France, Russia, and Japan, 
as well as of nearly every State of the 
Union. 



Hereafter we shall issue all our pub- 
lications wholly at our expense. The 
few books that we have published at 
the author's expense, or partly at the 
author's expense and partly at our ex- 
pense, while well worthy of publication, 
never were issued by us in the expecta- 
tion of a financial reward. In the pub- 
lication of such books, where we did 
not bear half the expense or more, we 
never charged the author a penny be- 
yond the actual cost to us. We shall 
publish unsalable books in the future as 
a public duty, as we have done in the 
past, although not so many ; but all 
such books, and all our publications of 
every description, hereafter we shall is- 
sue wholly at our expense. 



In this announcement we are unable 
to do more than briefly describe some 
of our books that relate to the South. 



These Southern books constitute a 
notable literature in themselves. Here 
are books beautiful and instructive, 
works of travel, of biography and rem- 
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statecraft. Here are all manner of 
books, to suit all tastes, and to answer 
all demands. Here are books well 
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A discount of twenty per cent is al- 
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the discount is deducted, amounts to 
#25, transportation at the expense of the 
purchaser. A discount of twenty-lire 



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price amounts to $100 or more. 

There are but few of these books 
that would not be sold by our contem- 
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they are published by us. 

Three Years in the Confederate 
Horse Artillery. By George H. Neese, 
a gunner in Chew's Battery, Stuart's 
Horse Artillery, Army of Northern 
Virginia. The late Major John \V. 
Daniel, Senator from Virginia, who was 
about to write an introduction for this 
book at the time of his death, de- 
clared upon reading the manuscript that 
he had never before read a military 
book so interesting. A notable volume. 
Octavo, $2 net; postage, IS cents. 

Robin Aroon. By Armistead C. Gor- 
don, Rector of the University of Vir- 
ginia. Author of The Ivory Gate, Life 
of William Fitzhugh Gordon, For 
Truth and Freedom, all published by 
this house. This story, Mr. Gordon's 
latest historical romance, has captivated 
the literary critics. Boston Transcript: 
"A rest and a delight to chance upon 
so dainty a bit of writing." 121110; $1.25, 
net; postage, 10 cents. 



The War Between the Union and 
the Confederacy. By Gen. William C. 
Oates, Colonel in the Confederate army, 
Governor of Alabama, Brigadier-Gen- 
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volume, which contains more than 800 
pages, General Oates relates the history 
of the Fifteenth Alabama Regiment, 
which was engaged in forty-eight bat- 
tles. Large octavo; illustrated; $3, net; 
postage, 26 cents. 



A History of Southern Literature. 
By Prof. Carl Holliday, A.M.. head of 
the English Department, Vanderbilt 
University, Nashville; author of The 
Cavalier Poets, and author of The 
Cotton-Picker, and Other Poems, 
both published by this house. This not- 
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South. Large octavo; $2.50, net; post- 
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Genealogy of Jefferson Davis, Pres- 
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and of Samuel Davies, President of 
1'rinceton College. By Prof. William 
H. Whitsitt, A.M., D.D., LL.D., con- 
nected as professor anil President with 
the Southern Baptist Theological Semi- 
nary for twenty-seven years, and later 



as Professor of Philosophy for nine 
years with Richmond College. i6mo; 
$1, net; postage, 10 cents. 

A Long Time Ago. By Alice Maude 
Ewell. A book of short stories, first 
published in Saint Nicholas, which tell 
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England. A book for old and young 
alike. Here the picturesque past is be- 
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121110; illustrated; $1.50, postpaid. 

The Political Opinions of Thomas 
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Four Years Under Marse Robert. 
By Major Robert Stiles, of the Rich- 
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Maternity. By Dr. Henry D. Fry, 
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A True Story of Andersonville 
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Company A, Sixth Michigan Cavalry, 
in collaboration with M. J. Haley. A 
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Andersonville, defends Major Wirz. 
Chicago Record-Herald : "One marvels 
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so long withheld." Illustrated; octavo; 
$1.50, net; postage, 14 cents. 

General William Fitzhugh Gordon : 
A Virginian of the Old School: His 
Life, Times, and Contemporaries. By 
Armistead C. Gordon, Rector of the 
University of Virginia. Nashville Amer- 
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the history of a p:riod in which the 



AIL3E PUBLJSHHTOG COMPANY 

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141 



S©EHne ©f Nestle 9 © Notable Sotiattlfoerai B©©Iri© 



South has never received historical jus- 
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Jacob's Sons. By Rev. George L. 
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The Poems or Francis Orrery Tick- 

NOR. Compiled by Michelle Cutliff Tick- 

nor, his granddaughter, who has ai 

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With the Tourist Tide, By Arthur 
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A Soi un r's I 1 1 n 1;, 10 ( '11 VRMING Xi 1 

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Confederate Operations in Canada 
ami New York. By Capt John W. 
Headley, C. S. A. Charleston News 

and Courier: "There is an immense 
amount of material in this hook, which 
will he found of the utmost use to the 
Student of the times." Large octavo; 
illustrated; $_>, net: postage, ]8 cent-. 

Makers of American Literature. 
By Prof. Edwin W. Bowen, Ph.D., of 
Randolph-Macon College, and the au- 
thor of other notable hooks. I'sed as 
a text-book at several universities. 
San Francisco Argonaut: "With much 
skill Dr. Bowen combines the graphical 
and the critical, while his selections 
from the work of each author arc made 
with discrimination." Large octavo; 
$J.50, net; postage, 15 cents. 

Memoirs. By John H. Reagan. With 

a preface by I'rof. Walter F. McCaleh. 

Ph.D. As Postmaster-General in the 

cabinet of President Davis, as Senator 
from Teaxs, as one whose life was un- 
selfishly devoted to the South, Judge 
Reagan acquired an immense amount 

of information of interest to all South- 
erners, and this he has handed down n, 
posterity in this hook. Large octavo; 

illustrated; $.t, net: postage, 20 cents. 

The Story Torn by the Pins. By 

\iiim Virginia Russell. \ hook for 
little children. h\ ,1 Southern lady with 
wide experience as a teacher, it ; 

illustrated ; 50 cents, postpaid 



Till I'llll OSOPH \ 01 im I 1 HERAL 
rmrriON. By Henry C. Hughes. 

The author, a prominent Southern 

banker, in this I k takes up the Con- 

1 itution article by artu le, an. A 1 each 



Feature, and in simple, nontechnical lan- 
guage explains the theory of our gov- 
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cents. 

Toronto Mail and Umpire: "Walter 
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is a striking figure in the publishing 
world; one which seems to infuse some 
of the losi dignity and fame of the 
Southern States, where sixty years ago 
education and culture were in a state 
much in advance of anything that any 
other pari of America hail 10 offer." 

Recollections of a Confederate 
Si m i- 1 Iffii 1 1.'. By Gen. ( i. M. Sorrel, 
Lieutenant Colonel" and Chief of Staff 
Longstreet's hirst Army Corps, Briga- 
dier General commanding Sorrel's Brig- 
ade, A. I'. Hill's Third Army Corps. 
With introduction by Senator John W. 
Daniel. Army and Navy Journal: "A 
narrative of personal experience in the 
field, on the march, and in battle, 
crowned in turn by victory and defeat. 
which every veteran of the great con- 
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Life of Robert E. Lee. By Prof. 
Henry E. Shepherd. M. \„ LL.D. St. 
Louis Republic: "It is a hook that every 
Southerner that the strains of 'Dixie' 
stirs should read, for 11 is a vivid and 
correct portrayal of the South's greatest 
hero." Octavo; illustrated; $2, net; 
postage, 17 cents. 

Stories Short and Sweet. By Rev. 
I Icnry M . Wharton, D.D. From one en. 1 
of the South to the other Dr. Wharton 
is known as a successful evangelist. 
These stories are gleanings from his 
wide experience. Pathos and fun. fact 
and fancy: llecks of wisdom and phi- 
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mon scenes from everyday lives of 

men ami women are these Stories. I'hey 
.are thumb-nail sketches of life, umo; 
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Tin: Women or Tin- Confederacy. 

By Rev. J. 1.. Underw I. Captain and 

Chaplain. C S. A. With introductions 
h\ Rev J. B, I fawthorne, D.D., ami Rex. 

J. William lone,, 1 ). I ). ( 'olumbia SI ;/..■ 
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piece; $2, net; postage, to, cents. 

Poems. By Major Charles W H 

ncr. No Southerner's libi 1 Id he 
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Hubner. one of the South ■ >ets. 



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Bacon's Rebellion. By Alary Newton 
Stanard. That there was a war for 
freedom fought by Virginia a hundred 
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pendence was signed is a fact little 
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lutionary war was fought out in Vir- 
ginia in 1676 — or did it end before 1783? 
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Cleburne and His Command. By 
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A Kentucky Chronicle. By John 
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The Ku Klux Klan : Its Origin, 
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Lincoln, Lee, Grant, and Other Bi- 
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ty-four years United States Judge for 
the Southern District of Georgia, now 
and for the past seventeen years Dean 



of the Law School of Mercer Univer- 
sity. Says Arthur T. Hadley, President 
of Yale: "I am delighted to hear that 
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Lee, which cannot fail to be of great 
service as well as of great interest." 
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The Sovereignty of the States. By 
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pact of confederation were nations, ex- 
ercising full power of sovereignty, from 
the time that they were first settled 
ur.t:! Appomattox. Lieut. J. R. Eggles- 
ton. Lieutenant United States Navy and 
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of many of the sentences I am tempted 
to shout the rebel yell." London Acade- 
my: "We can safely assert that for Eng- 
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citing book has appeared for many 
years." Alexander Hunter : "Not only 
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would undertake." Richmond Journal: 
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The University of Virginia : Memo- 
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relate to educational institutions. Dr. 
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for it is more personal and intimate 
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inner life. Large octavo, containing a 
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Oratory of the South from the Civ- 
il War to the Present Time. Com- 
piled by Prof. Edwin D. Shurter, Pro- 
fessor of Public Speaking, University of 
Texas, and author of Science and Art 
of Debate, which we publish, and which 
sells at $1.25, net; postage, 15 cents. 
This volume contains orations by many 
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Norfolk Virginian-Pilot: "We have 
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encouragement it has extended to au- 



thorship in the fields of history and bi- 
ography. Within a few years past the 
works of this character issued from the 
Neale presses would form a valuable 
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Be Ye Perfect. By Alice Henry 
Groser. A beautifully printed and well- 
arranged collection of brief devotional 
thoughts for daily use, selected from the 
writings of those that have been efficient 
factors in spreading the kingdom of 
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terest." i6mo; 50 cents, postpaid. 

Mosby's Men. By John H. Alexan- 
der, of Mosby's command. .57. Louis 
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the bold freedom of the raider swing 
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Men. It is a soldier book from the 
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The Stranger. By Col. J. F. J. Cald- 
well. A novel. Atlanta Georgian: 
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Red Rock, by Thomas Nelson Page, and 
The Clansman, by Thomas Dixon; 
but The Stranger is a better, fairer pen 
picture of the Reconstruction period than 
any of its literary predecessors." 121110; 
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Waterloo. By Thomas F. Wat- 
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plates, containing much important new 
matter." Nciv York Herald: "The au- 
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Baltimore Sun: "Many historians, nov- 
elists, biographers have striven to tell 
the story of Napoleon's tragic defeat at 
the battle of Waterloo, but no writer has 
ever written a more thrilling account 
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and the vanquishing of the man of des- 
tiny than Thomas E. Watson." i2mo; 
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Johnny Reb and Billy Yank. By 
Alexander Hunter, for two years a foot 
soldier in Pickett's Division, for two 
years a member of the celebrated Black 
Horse Cavalry. A book of soldiering by 
a soldier — the inner life of the private 
soldier of the Confederate Army. Bal- 
timore Sun: "He has produced not only 
a veracious account of what he saw and 
heard, but he has produced a piece of 
work worthy of the name of literature." 
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Thf. Life and Services of John- New- 
land Maffttt. By Emma Turner Maf- 
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command of the Florida and the ram 
Albertnarle rendered great service to 
the Confederacy. Large octavo; illus- 
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Moore's History of thf. States — 
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fame as humorist, satirist, wit, racon- 
teur extends beyond these States that 

are "united and otherwise." This 1 k 

is a pocket theater and a merrj go 
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Morgan's Cavalry. P>y Gen. P.asil 
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buill mi unconventional lines, punc- 
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trated : $2, net ; postage, iS cents. 

Ned, Nigger and Gent'man. r. ■ 
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where Judge Kittrell is widely known 

and great!;, b I ived, an aim. inn. mint of 

this 11. ivel and Reo instruc- 

tion 1 not necesary. Texan ah 
have tbe novel. The success of the 
book 1. d t.. 11, dramatization, and as a 
play it was a success from the timi il 
was firsl produced. t2mo; $1.50. p 
paid. 

Life of Dr. Samuel A. Mrnn. Con- 
taining his letters from Fori Jefferson, 
Drj I ortugas Island, where be was mi 
pii '.ned four years foi alleged com- 
plicity in tbe assassination of Vbra- 

liam Lincoln, with statement- of Mr-. 

11 1 \ Mudd, I >r. Samuel A. Mudd, 
and Edward Spangler regarding thi 

1. and w ith thi 1 nl of 

General Ewing on the question of juris- 
diction of tbe military commission and 
on tbe law and fact- of tbe case, and 

also \Mib the "1 >iary" of John Will. - 

Booth I d id bj Xetlie Mudd. bis 
daughter. With a preface by D. II- 



dridge Monroe, of the Baltimore bar. 
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Portland Oregonian: "High standards 
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conclusions, instead of une -ided argu- 
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Southern subjects arc concerned." 

A Study in Alexander Hamilton. 
By Fontaine T. Fox, of the Louisville 

bar. This able Southern lawyer con- 
tends that Hamilton was merely a "mor- 
al idiot," a corrupt official, a speculator 

in Treasury warrant- while be wa- Sec- 

v. in \ of tbe Treasury, a notorious 
adulterer, and thoroughly corrupt in bis 
private life. Tbe "vindication" that 
Hamilton published is quoted at length 
— 1I1. "vindication" in which Hamilton 
endeavored to show that tbe large .11ms 
that In paid 1.. Reynolds were nut com- 
missions upon illicit traffic in Treas- 
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to Reynolds fur being permitted to de- 
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man that wa- one of tbe bitterest of 

the enemies of tbe Si nil hern State- is 
here bared. I.'mo; $1, net; postage, TO 
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The Lone Star Pf.fenttif.rs. By Lieut. 
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airy. A chronicle of Ross's Brigade. 
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Major-General J. F.. P.. Stuart. 
By Judge Theodore S. Garaett, lu- aide- 
di .imp. fins book is mainly the ad- 
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time the statue of General Stuart was 
unveiled in Richmond, May 30, 1007. 
This volume is the result of many years 
of study of Stuart's military operations, 
[6mo; $1, net; postage. 10 cents. 

RFrnu.F.rTiON-s OF \ NaVAL I.iff. In- 
cluding the cruises of the Confederate 
States steamers Sumter and Alabama. 
By Capt. John Mackintosh Kell. 1 
utive Officer of the Sumter and of the 
ima. Nautical Gazette: "No con 
tribution to naval historj made within 
recent years i - so distinctly impi .riant 
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Columbia State: "Tin's firm, though 
it has moved it- main office right mi.. 
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Flatiron Building [eight years ago], ba- 
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South. Indeed, it is tbe only publish 
ing bouse in New York or elsewhere 
that make- a specialty of Southern 
books and authors. I be Neales are 
doing a notable work in this field." 

Southern Presryterian Leaders. Bj 

Rev. Henry Alexander White. III)., a 

graduate of Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity and Union Theological Semi 
nary, formed) Professor of History in 
Washington and bee University, now 
Professor of History in the Theologi 
cal Seminary, Columbia. S ('. and a 
writer of distinction. Probablj ni 
other man was so well lilted as Dr 
Wlnie for tbe preparation of tin- ad 
mirable work. Large octavo; illustrat 
ed ; $.1 : postage, jo cents. 

A Virginia Feud. Bj George Tayloi 

Lee. Ibis is a story of Virginian life. 

a -tory of a mountain la--, bj thi 
nephew of Gen. Robert E. bee. 'I'be 
author, now attorney for Johnson City, 

Tenn., in this hook has told a storj 

that will particularly please those that 
are rounding out their three-score years 

and ten. umo; $1.50. postpaid. 

Tin: Spirit or the South. By Col. 
William II. Stewart, C. S V. Ibis 
volume contains tbe oration-, tbe es 
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Virginian. So valuable 1- the book that 
it is taught in the public schools of 
Virginia, although it wa- not intended 
a- a text book, umo; $1.50, net; post 
age. 10 cents. 

A Study i\ Southern Poetry. By 

Henry Jerome StOckard, President of 

I'. .1. e Institute, Raleigh, and .1 poet oi 
distinction. 'Ibis book, by far the 
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CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY 

A Library of Confederate States History in Twelve Volumes 

Written by able and distinguished Southern men, 
with (Jen. ('lenient A. Evans, of Georgia, Editor-in-Chief. 

This extensive Confederate publication has the com- 
mendation of the Historical Co ittee of (lie United 

Confederate Veterans. The military history of each Con- 
federate State is given separately. Such writers as Prof. 
J. L. M. Curry, of Virginia, Cant. W. R. Garrett, of 
Tennessee, and (Jen. Cement A. Evans, of Georgia, 
touch on the Constitutional questions and the Civil and 
Political events which brought on the Confederate move- 
ment, while the military history of the States is given by 
Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Maryland; Maj. Jed Hotch- 
kiss, of Virginia; Prof. 1). H. Hill, Jr., of North Carolina; 
Gen. Ellison Gapers, South Carolina; Gen. Joe Wheeler, 
Alabama; Col. Chas. E. Hooker, Mississippi; ex-Governor 
Porter, Tennessee; Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Kentucky; 
Col. Moore, Missouri; Gen. J. M. Hindi. Arkansas; Prof. 
Dimitry, Louisiana; Governor Roberts, Texas; Gen. 
Robert White. West Virginia. 

The Veteran has by cash payment secured control of 
the entire edition of this valuable work, and while the sup- 
ply lasts will furnish the entire edition 

AT HALrF* PRICE 

This is a fine opportunity to secure a most complete 
history of the Confederate Government at moderate cost. 
Cloth. $'.24.00; half leather, $30.00. 

This most complete Confederate history should be in 
every private library South and every public library in the 
country. Order at once, and if not convenient to pay cash, 
the amount may be sent in partial payments. Address 

CONFEDERATE VETERAN, Nashville, Tenn. 



MEMOIRS OF JEFFERSON DAVIS 

Beautiful and Just Tribute by His Wife 

No one was so well prepared to write of the ex- 
alted character of this grand man as his wife, who 
in the close comradeship of over a quarter of a cen- 
tury had seen that character develop through suc- 
cess and failure, through joy and sorrow, in shadow 
and sunlight. 

Mrs. Davis had kept her finger upon the pulse 
of the exciting times of war, and thoroughly under- 
stood the bearing of events upon the life of Mr. 
Davis; and her book portrays these scenes in a mas- 
terly manner, leaving out no side lights that are 
needed for a thorough comprehension of things as 
they were. 

The VETERAN has the sole agency for these 
books, only a limited number of which can be iad, 
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PRICES, WITH BINDINGS, PER SET 

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Pull Turkey Morocco, Full Gilt 12 00 

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s-^r 




Reunion Issue for May — 64 Pages. . . . 147 

Confederates and the War Department. 147 

Virginians Aroused by False History. . 148 

Sliiloh and Arlington Monuments 149 

Honor to Prison Commander 150 

The Southern Commercial Congress... 152 

Half Century Since Birth of C. S. A . . 153 

John Brown a Murderer 156 

Old Blandford Church, Petersburg. Va. 157 

Visiting Virginia Battlefields 157 

Degrees by University of N. Carolina.. 158 

A Cavalry Company of Girls 159 

Women of the South to be Honored. . . 160 

Medals for True History in Tennessee. 160 

Trials with Gen. John H. Morgan .... lbl 

Artillery in Battle of the Crater 164 

Sketches of Prison Life. Part II 166 

How Cal Wagner Defied "Civil Rights" 167 

Memorial to Aunt Dyke Bibb 168 

Fight Near Lake Village. Ark 169 

Confederate Monument. Henderson, N.C 170 

Close Fighting at Iuka, Miss 171 

Gen. Wilbur Hill King 172 

Soldiering in Georgia in 1864 173 

Last Roll 174 

Commends Sketch of M. H. Smith .... 182 

Trust Money for Confederate Cause. . . 182 

War-Time Photographs 183 

About Sales of Confederate Seals 184 



146 



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Chattanooga, Tenn. 



M. H. BONE, D. P. A., 
Birmingham, Ala. 

R. B. CREAGH, T. P. A., 
Selma, Ala. 



For Over Sixty Years 

An Old and Weil-Tried Remedy 

MRS. WLNSLOWS SOOTHING SYRUF 

has been used tor over SIXTY YEARS by MILLIONS of MOTH- 
ERS tor their CHILDREN WHILE TEETHING, WITH PERFECT 
SUCCESS. Il SOOTHES the CHILD, SOFTENS the GUMS, AL- 
LAYS all PAIN, CURES WIND COLIC, and is the best remedy 
for DIARRHEA. Sold by Druggists in every part of the world. 

25 Cents a Bottle 



Barred Plymouth Rock Eggs for Sale 

Won first and second on cock; first and 
second on cockerel: first on hen: first and 
second on pullet ; first on pen at Lafayette 
County big show. Cocks weigh lOJi pounds: 
cockerels, 8 to 9 pounds: hens, 7 to H pounds 
each. This is the home of the big ones. 

H. C. SYDNOR, - Higginsville, Mo. 



Miss E. Florence Fletcher, 907 N. G. 
Street, Tacoma, Wash., asks for infor- 
mation of the war record of the late 
Judge William Sallee. of Frankfort, Ky. 



His wife was Miss Alary Ann Lovel, 
daughter of Milton Lovel. This request 
is in the interest of the Judge's daughter, 
who wishes to join the U. D. C. 



The Direct Route to 

Washington 
Baltimore 
Philade'vhia 
New York and 
all Eastern Cities 
from the South 
and Southwest 
is via Bristol and the 

Norfolk & 
Western Ry 

Through Trains 
Sleepers, Dining Cat 

Best Route to 

Richmond 
Norfolk, and all 
Virginia Points 

WARREN L, ROHR, Western Passenger Agent 
Chattanooga Tenn. 

W. 6. BEVILL, Genera! Passenqei Agen< 
Roanoke, Va 



With Porter in North Missouri 



A YEAR IN THE ENEMY'S LINES 



Few histories of separate commands possess 
the interest with which this book abounds.— 
Baltimore Sun. 

Adequately sets forth the record of a Confed- 
erate organization which for daring work in 
the field had few equals on either side.— H'tis/f- 
ington Star. 

The record of this civil war contains no darker 
chapter anywhere along its far-flung battle line 
than in this State.— St. Louis Qlobe-Democrat. 

Dr. Mudd's writing is (dear and to the point, 
and his book includes details of some of the most 
interesting and thrilling events of the war.— 
Memphis (Mo. i Democrat* 

I have read your lx>ok, " "With Porter in North 
Missouri,'' like old man Harper, of Kentucky, 
said he ran his horses — "'froineend toeend "— and 
every word of it is interesting. It : s a valuable 
contribution to the history of the war.— Hull. 
Champ t'liii 1,, 

452 pages. Large octavo. Illustrated with 
portraits. Price, postpaid, $2.70. Address the 
author, 

JOSEPH A. MUDD. Hvattsville, Md. 



[nflamed? Smart? 

"Full of Slicks?" 
r Day's Work? Nothing will 
elief as an application of 

EYE WATER 



SORE EYES? 

Feel Tired Aft: 

give so sure 1 
DR. ISAAC 
THOMPSON'S 
Freshens and strengthens the delicate tissues. 
Should form a part of the daily toilet. 

Fur Sale by Oil DrugatstS. Price, 25c. 
Write for set of Allegorical Art Pictures FREE. 
JOHN L. THOMPSON, SONS & COMPANY 

159-3 RIVER ST., TROY, N. Y. 



A. Wood, of Rio Grande, Tex., would 
be glad to hear from any of his old 
comrades of Hart"s Battery. Stuart's 
Horse Artillery, A. N. V. 



Confederate l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as secoml -class matter. 

ContrihutorB are requested to use only one side of the paper, and to abbrevi- 
ate as much as practicable. These suggestions are important. 

Where clippings are sent copy should be kept, as the VETERAN cannot un- 
iartake to return them. Advertising rates furnished on application. 

The date to a subscription is always given to the month it/ore it ends. For 
Instance, if the Veteran Is ordered to begin with January, the (late on mail 
Hat will be December, and the subscriber is entitled to that number. 



The civil war was too long ae;o to be called the late war, and when cor- 
■pendents use that term " War between the States" will be substituted. 
The terms "New South" and " lost cause" are objectionable to the Ye: fk u*. 



OFFICIALLr REPRESENTS: 
United Confederate Veterans, 

Ur"-- d Daughters op the Confederacy, 

^ons of Veterans, u«d < er Organizations, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association 

The Veteran is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and 
elevated patronage, doubtless, than any other publication in existence. 



Though men deserve, they may not win success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Prick, $1.00 per Tear, t 
Binole Copy. 10 Cents. J 



Vol. XIX. 



NASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1911. 



No. 4. 



I S. A. CUNOTNGHAJK 
Proprietor 



REUNION ISSUE FOR MAY— SIXTY-FOUR 1'AGES. 

Advertisements in that line issue will be inserted for little 
more than actual cost for the space. Summer resorts, schools, 
and llir like are especially solicited to advertise in this issue. 
Copy must be sent in promptly if insertion be secured. 

Cooperation for an increase of circulation is important 
Comrades know people who would thank them for calling 
their attention to the Veteran and who would become regu- 
lar readers. Sample copies would be sent for the asking. 
They know that death is certain, and realize the importance of 
working while it is day. They ought t" face the certainty that 
their families will not continue an interest in it unless they 
arc made familiar with its importance while "father" or 
"grandfather" lives. This neglect often occurs. 



There is a personal appeal in this issue for cooperation with 
the o\\ ner of the Veteran in a tribute to Col. Richard Owen, 
who was commandant at the Camp Morton Prison, Indian- 
apolis, m 1S62. If you favor cooperating in that laudable 
undertaking, please write at once commending it, and that 
ill join in the tribute to Colonel Owen by sending one 
dollar, if not more. If you arc thinking about it, and yet 
hesitate, a postal card on the subject would be appreciated. 
' d( 11 tble that every subscriber who syn1pathi7.es with 
thi Editor do this at once. General response to this plea, 
which is unlike anything in our history for half a century, 
would create a profound impression upon the younger people 
of this generation. Please read the sketch and appeal care- 
fully. It is not satisfactorily expressed, but it is all true. 



\ special to the Veteran from Little Rock stati 
"Prospective visitors to the great Confederate Vi terans Re- 
union. May 15 [8, Little Rock will have no fear but that there 
will be accommodations provided to house comfortably and 
feed all who may come, whether Veterans, Sons of Veterans, 
or other visitors. It 1 estimated that fully 50,000 people will 
visit the city during the Reunion, and the special committee 
(among the forty-eight committees) charged with the duty of 
providing eating and sleeping accommodations will be pre- 
pared to handle a larger number if necessary. 

<; \\ Gordon, Commander in Chief, has visited Little 
Rock, and reports .1 most promising outlook. 



CONSTRUCTION OF ARLINGTON MONUM1 

BY MRS. VIRGINIA FAULKNER M SHERRY. PRES. GEN. U. D. C. 

Knowing the interest taken all over the South in the sculptor 
1 Sir Moses Ezekiel) Selected for the Arlington monument, I 
Mid tor publication in the Vl rERAN his answer to my letter 
telling him (lie decision of the convention held at Li: le Rock, 
in which he fulfills all their requirements and manifests 1111 
usual interest in the work. I feel sure it will gratify the U 
D. C. to know that the model selected will be such that $50,000 
will be well spent ; and when the monument is completed, it will 
do honor to the men who wore the gray and to the great or 
ganization working for it. 

Let this letter be an inspiration to the Chapters and Divi- 
sions to continue their work, that this monument may be 
completed in the lifetime of Colonel Herbert, Chairman of the 
Arlington Executive Committee, and the great sculptor. Both 
are veterans in years as well as in experience. 

M Ezekiel's Letter to Mrs. McSherrv. 

I ORR] i'i Belisario, Rome. February 2, ion. 
Madam: Your very kind letter has given me a 
pleasure, and I am especially glad that the Daughters of tin 
Confederacy have insisted on our monument for Arlington 
costing $50,000, as with this addition of $15,000 I will be en- 
abled to make my monument very much more imposing, larger, 
and more elaborate than 1 otherwise could have done, and 1 
made a1 once another model in that sense, which I think now 
will take all of the $50,000 to pay for the work itself. I have 
already made my working design and models so completi 
my ideas and my work can be carried out faithfully to comple- 
tion from them. 

1 am working on our monument every day till dusk, and 1 have 
given up every other commission in order to devote - 
exclusively to this work, which occupies my thoughts ill the 
lime. I do not receive any visitors in my studio, as I do 
not want to be disturbed; nor do I want my work seen and 
discussed before it is completed. * * * 

I hope that I shall do justice to the faith placed in me 
my ability. I am devoting m . subject thai 1 have 

iinne at heart than any work 1 have ever done before. 

[A sketch of the sculptor, M. Fzekiel, appeared in the 
Veteran for July, 1010, page 347.] 



t4 8 



Qoi)federat^ l/eteraij. 



.VIRGINIANS AROUSED ABOUT FALSE HISTORY. 
re Roanoke Times of recent date says : 

"Roanoke College may as well face the facts. Its pro- 
fessor of history has made a bad mistake in using the Elson 
history and having it put into the hands of the students. It 
contains infamous and slanderous falsehoods against the sec- 
tion of the Union in which we live, the people from whom a 
large proportion of our people are descended, and the cause 
for which the fathers and grandfathers of the present genera- 
tion risked or gave their lives and for which some men yet 
living made sacrifice of their own blood. The college cannot 
afford to be identified in the public mind with such teaching 
or doctrine or with condoning or excusing them. 

"Let us face the facts as they are as concerning the present 
policy and conduct of the college. Judge W. W. Moffett has 
and merits large influence and following in the State. He has 
resigned as trustee of the college and has withdrawn his 
daughter as a student. The Rev. Dr. J. A. Anderson, presid- 
ing elder of the great M. E. Church, South, of this district, in 
another matter has filed his protest and recited a grievance 
against the management and conduct of the school which is 
likely to find general approval. The Confederate veterans have 
submitted their courteous and kindly remonstrance against the 
Elson history — just the kind of uttreance that might have 
been expected from real men who are gentle and considerate 
citizens in time of peace, but in war were not at all gentle. 
Now the women have come into it, the daughters of the fight- 
ing men, Daughters of the Confederacy. They are a force to 
be reckoned with. They make public sentiment in this coun- 
try, and in the last analysis are the final and conclusive power. 

"Considering these facts, it seems to us, looking at it from 
the standpoint of the ordinary citizen and the man in the 
street, that Roanoke College should repudiate and condemn 
the Elson history as emphatically and thoroughly as possible. 
For our part, we would like to see a fire kindled on the cam- 
pus and every copy of the book formally and carefully com- 
mitted to the flames, with the full and unanimous approval of 
' the faculty. Then we would like to see the college purge 
itself of the last suspicion of being a place wherein it was 
taught that the soldiers of the Confederacy fought in a 'Slave- 
holders' Rebellion,' that John Brown was a man of high 
character and purposes, and that the decent plantation owners 
and farmers of the South organized harems from their fe- 
male slaves with their wives as presidents, and could estab- 
lish itself as an institution controlled by its trusted faculty and 
not by any one professor or a congregation of boys." 

Protest by Baltimore Daughters. 

A meeting of the Executive Committee of the Maryland 
Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, and the Board 
of Managers of the Baltimore Chapter, U. D. C, was held at 
the home of Mrs. D. Giraud Wright to take action on the use 
of Elson's history in schools and colleges North and South. 

The following resolution, offered by Mrs. D. Giraud Wright, 
Honorary President of the Division and Chapter, and seconded 
by Mrs. Thomas Baxter Gresham, was unanimously adopted : 

"Whereas it has been brought to the knowledge of the Mary- 
land Division, U. D. C, through a list published in the Salem 
(Va.) Times-Register March 9, 191 1, that a book known as 
Elson's 'History of the United States' is in use, not only 
through the North, but in schools, colleges, and universities in 
a number of Southern States, including Maryland, said list 
purporting to emanate from the Macmillan Company, pub- 
lishers of the book ; and whereas this abominable publication 



contains gross calumnies against the South and her institu- 
tions and misrepresentations of the causes that led to the 
War between the States ; and whereas in this so-called history 
the sacred family relations of our people are attacked and 
falsified in language impossible to quote here, and the very 
honor of our fathers and mothers grossly impugned ; therefore 

"Resolved, That the Maryland Division of the United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy registers an indignant protest in the 
name of truth and justice against the use of Elson's so-called 
history in any of the schools, colleges, and universities of our 
land, and calls on all Confederate veterans to aid the Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy in stamping out this vile publication 
and all similar ones, to the end that the youth of the country 
no longer be taught as facts untruths which are slanders on the 
fair fame of the South, her institutions, and her people." 

Mrs. F. G. Odenheimer, the President of the Maryland Di- 
\.sion, United Daughters of the Confederacy, was requested to 
obtain lists of the histories in use in the schools and colleges 
throughout Maryland. As it was noted in the Salem Times- 
Register that this history is used in the Western Maryland 
College, a resolution was passed to investigate this statement, 
and if found true to send a demand to this college to discon- 
tinue the use of that history. 

Mrs. F. G. Odenheimer writes : "I have read paragraphs 
taken from Elson's history which made my blood boil. Among 
other things, the war is called 'The Slaveholders' War,' and 
the relations of our people in regard to the slaves are falsified 
in a language unfit for print. I will make a desperate fight 
against its use in this section. It is in use in more than one 
hundred colleges and schools throughout the United States, 
South as well as North, including State universities of North 
Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Georgia, 
West Virginia, and Texas ; Davidson College, Trinity College, 
Wilmington University, Central University, Western Maryland 
College, and others. These facts are from the publishers. 

Special credit is due to Judge W. W. Moffett, of Roanoke, 
and to the Roanoke Times for the bold exposure of this curse. 
The wonder is that it ever secured any footing in the South; 
and. according to the testimony, the study of this book should 
be discontinued if it requires the immediate suspension of 
every school in which it has been placed. It is high time that 
no history should be admitted into any school of the South 
until every sentence and word has been carefully scruti- 
nized by competent and faithful Southern men, and the teacher 
who would commend such a book should be dismissed and 
advised that another climate would be conducive to his health. 



ORATOR FOR LITTLE ROCK REUNION. 

Gen. George W. Gordon, Commander in Chief of the U. 
C V., has appointed Rev. R. C. Cave, of St. Louis, as orator 
of the occasion, the address to be delivered on the afternoon 
of the first day. 

Dr. Cave delivered the oration at the dedication of the sol- 
diers' and sailors' monument in Richmond May 30, 1894, which- 
was a subject of national concern. It was so near the Re- 
construction period that the Northern press was severe in its 
comment. His theme will evidently be similar on this occasion, 
sustained by authorities that cannot be questioned. Dr. Cave 
is a brother of Rev. R. Lin Cave, Chaplain General U. C. V. 

The addresses by this orator upon this theme and the vin- 
dication of the South will be brought out in a book from the 
Publishing House of the Methodist Church, South, about the 
time of the Reunion. It will be supplied by the Veteran at 
one dollar, postpaid. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 



149 



LADIES' MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION, NEW ORLEANS. 

The Ladies' Confederate Memorial Association of New- 
Orleans, La., held its annual meeting March 15, 191 1, and re- 
elected Mrs. W. J. Behan as President, with the same officers 
to serve another year. This old Memorial Association was 
organized in 1861 as a Soldiers' Aid Society, and in May, 1866, 
it was reorganized as a Memorial Association. 

The beautiful monument to the Confederate dead in Green- 
wood Cemetery was erected through the efforts of this as- 
sociation, and it was dedicated in 1874. Through this asso- 
ciation efforts are being made to establish June 3 as universal 
Memorial Day for the South. The States of Louisiana, Mis- 
sissippi, and Tennessee have already adopted that day by legis- 
lative enactment, and no doubt other States will follow in line. 

The resolution to make June 3 universal Memorial Day 
for the South was originally offered by the U. C. V. in con- 
vention assembled in Birmingham April. 1894, and it was 
subsequently indorsed with great enthusiasm by the Tennes- 
see Division, U. C. V.. at the Houston convention in May, 
1895. It was presented to the U. G. V. convention in Dallas 
in 1902 by the Ladies' Confederate Memorial Association of 
New Orleans, La. 



THE SHILOH MONUMENT. 

BV MRS. ALEXANDER B. WHITE, DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE 
ASSOCIATION. U. D. C. 

Daughters of the Confederacy and Friends of the South: 

Shiloh was one of the most momentous battles fought for 
the cause of the Confederacy, and one of the greatest of all 
times, "In no engagement of the War between the States 
was the military genius of the Southern commander in the 
selection of the battle ground and in the disposition and 
handling of the troops nor the bravery and endurance of 
the Southern soldiers more signally displayed" To realize 
the importance and significance of this battle and the need of a 
handsome monument there to tell future generations of the 
valor and devotion of Southern soldiers and the unsurpassed 
generalship of Albert Sidney Johnston and Braxton Bragg, 
I ask that at the April meetings of the Chapters of the Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy the Presidents have a comprehensive 
program on Shiloh and use the questions on Sh.Ioh sent to 
the Chapters. That all members of the Chapters may see and 
g< I t lie benefit of these questions, I ask the Chapter Presidents 
to publish them in their local newspapers. 

The Shiloh monument will be erected not to one man nor 
to one command, but to all Confederate soldiers, the only 
monument having the distinction of being a monument to the 
entire South. It will be placed in Shiloh National Military 
Park, where it will be surrounded by hundreds of beauti- 
ful Federal monuments, and to compare with them and 
to tell worthily the story of the men in gray our Shiloh monu- 
ment must lie very handsome. Nothing less should satisfy 
VOU, ii' thing less is worthy of those noble Southern men who 
he 1.11 that battlefield in long, crowded trenches. It is due 
them fur their devotion t<> duty, their hard work and suffer 
ing, the sacrifice of their lives in vain, apparently forgotten. 
The story of their valor must be told 111 granite and bronze, 
and I ask every one who had a relative 01 loved one in thai 
great battle m send m<- at hast one dollar for this monument 
fund Jusl one dollar from 1 of you, and what a 

beautiful, splendid monument we could soon have. Help us. 

I'm \ tor It by Mrs V \i C Giles, Austin, Tex. 
To the Noble Survivors of the Battle of Shiloh and Friends: 
To me has been assigned the privilege as well as the t 



acting as State Chairman of the Shiloh Monument Committee 
for the Texas Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy 
Mrs. Valery E. Austin, of Galveston, is Director for Texas. 

I want a personal letter from every Confederate soldier who 
participated in this grand battle, giving some incident pertain- 
ing to or a description of the battle as he saw it. From these 
letters I shall make my report to the Texas Division at their 
next convention at Houston. Tex. These letters will be filed 
with the archives of the Daughters of the Confederacy in their 
Confederate Museum in the Capitol at Austin, perpetuating for 
all time the names of the actual participants. 

My thoughts turn to that grand chieftain, the peerless Albert 
Sidney Johnston, who led the brave Confederates to victory 
during the first day's battle and gave his life blood at Shiloh 
in defense of his country. The Chapter to which I belong 
has the honor of bearing his illustrious name, given it by our 
first Chapter President, Mrs. Bendette E. Tobin. whose mem- 
ory will be revered through all time. 

To the Daughters of the Confederacy are bequeathed the 
honor and the determination to erect a monument to the mem- 
ory of those brave Confederate soldiers who fell on Shiloh's 
gory field. Ten thousand soldiers lie buried in shallow 
trenches where they and their brave leader fell. This monu- 
ment will be placed in Shiloh National Military Park, and 
should eclipse any monument erected there to the Federal side, 
since this one is for all the South, as it will be erected to all 
1 -hi. derate soldiers. It is the only monument that will have 
this distinction. Ten thousand dollars has already been raised 
by the loyal Daughters. This is one-third of the amount which 
the women of the South aspire to raise. 

Now that our charge, the Confederate Woman's Home, the 
pride of the Texas Division, has been adopted In the State of 
Texas, we will have more time and money to devote to other 
purposes. I therefore ask every Chapter of the Division to 
send me promptly a contribution, however small. 

The able committee given me by our State President. Mrs 
A. R. Howard, is composed of the following: Mrs. J. M. Gib- 
son, Vice Chairman. Houston: Mrs. L. J. Storey. Austin; 
Airs. Mary Hunt Affleck. Brenham; Mrs. Forrest T. Morgan, 
Austin; Mrs. E. M. Kirtley, Terrell; Mrs. D. H. Caswell. 
Austin; Mrs. J. H. Askew. Austin; Mrs. J. D. Fields. Manor; 
Mrs. J. D. Covert, Fort Worth; Mrs. R. J. Hill, Pal 
Mrs. J. R. Elliott. Palacios. 

It is suggested by Mrs. Alexander B. White, Director Gen- 
eral of the Shiloh Monument Committee, that the April lit- 
erary meeting be made Shiloh's day. Mrs. Valery Austin, 
I exas Director, suggests that we do likewise, and make it a 
memorable event in the history of the Texas Division. 

All friends interested in this great work are earnestly re- 
quested to send their contributions as early as possible to me 
or any member of my committee, who will torward it. Each 
contributor will receive a receipt. The list will be published. 



SHILOH MONUMENT FUND. 

REPORT OK MRS. ROY W. m'kiNNF.V. TREASURER. 

Xewnan Chapter, Newnan. Ga $ 

( Iglethorpe Chapter. Lexington, Ga 1 00 

J. E. B. Stuart Chapter, 1 J imi Ga 1 00 

Mr- E H T Vrnold, Covington, K nal) 5 00 

CI ipti r. I 1 banon, K\ 5 00 

Dixie Chapter. Tacoma, Wash 2 00 

: F I.ee Chapter, Fairmont, W. Va 25 00 

Total in hands of Treasurer $8,890.86 



?5o 



Qotyfederat^ l/eterajj. 



HONOR TO MEMORY OF A PRISOX OFFICER. 

Proposed Tribute to Col. Richard Owen, Commandant 

of Prison at Camp Morton, 1862. 

After the inaugurating of a tribute to Sam Davis, which 
brought forth substantial results from every State in the 
Union, the Editor of the Veteran now submits reasons for 
patriots in every part of the country joining in doing honor to 
the memory of Col. Richard Ov. ~>. who commanded the Camp 
Morton Prison, Indianapolis, in ine early months of 1862. 

This worthy object was proposed in the Veteran for May, 
1907 ; but it was not taken up then, as the Sam Davis monu- 
ment was not completed, and the question of securing property 
for the Jefferson Davis Home memorial at Fairview, Ky., 
made it necessary to delay action. The latter enterprise is 
not yet achieved ; but this Owen memorial was anxiously con- 
sidered, and an invitation by the women of Indiana to attend 
the dedication of a bronze bust to the memory of Robert Dale 
Owen at Indianapolis induced attendance and, without longer 
delay, the making of a formal request for a place to erect a 
memorial tablet to Col. Richard Owen, who was a brother of 
Robert Dale Owen. 

After an interview with Governor Marshall, an explanatory 
•circular was distributed in both houses of the legislature. 

The Letter Submitted to the Indiana Legislature. 

S. A. Cunningham, of Nashville, Tenn., visited Indianapolis 
in the hor><* of supplying a modest but enduring memorial to 
Col. Richard Owen, who was commandant of the prison at 
Camp Morton in the early months of 1862. Through all these 
intervening years a spirit of gratitude to Colonel Owen for 
constant courtesy and kindness has continued, and no word 
of complaint has been heard from any one of the four thou- 
sand Confederates, mainly those who were surrendered at 
Fort Donelson on February 16, 1862. 

The prisoners had suffered so much from cold and hunger 
that a profound sense of gratitude was manifested for the 
kindness and respect shown them by the commandant, "Colonel 
Owen." His given name was not known. For much of 
two weeks after imprisonment in Camp Morton the prisoners 
would eat the entire day's rations immediately. There was no 
murmur at this, for all realized that the authorities were un- 
prepared to supply the needs of so many on so brief notice. 
Erelong a liberal supply was issued, and as long as Colonel 
Owen was in charge of the prison there was unvaried expres- 
sion of gratitude for his kindness. Many fellow-prisoners were 
in the City Hospital, and Colonel Owen allowed their mess- 
mates and close friends to visit their sick in groups of six 
to ten, with only one or two guards under a sergeant. Ex- 
pression of sentiment was prevalent that if any prisoner should 
seek to escape through Colonel Owen's kindness he would be 
punished by his fellow-prisoners. 

Thirty years after release from Camp Morton the personal 
petitioner, who seeks for himself and his few surviving fellow- 
prisoners opportunity to pay tribute to Colonel Owen, while 
in Chicago observed the law sign of Ernest Dale Owen, and 
called upon him to ascertain what he might of Colonel Owen, 
knowing nothing whatever of him or the distinguished family, 
of which he was a most worthy member. He was surprised to 
learn that just before the war Colonel Owen was a teacher in 
a military school at Nashville, Tenn., with Gen. Bushrod John- 
son, who, though a Northern man, became a distinguished 
major general in the Confederate army. The same school 
was conducted later by Gen. E. Kirby Smith, whom Gen. E. R. 



S. Canby designated as "the soul of honor" upon the occasion 
of his turning over to the United States the gold that had been 
intrusted to him for Confederate purposes— to furnish trans- 
portation for President Davis to some other country, but not 
turned over at the time Gen. Kirby Smith surrendered the 
Trans-Mississippi Department. 

The career of Col. Richard Owen merits the desire of his 
fellow-men. North and South, to do him honor. In the 
American Geologist for September, 1890, W. N. Winchell, of 
Minneapolis, Minn., gives an interesting sketch of him, in 
which he states that he was born in Scotland January 6, 1810; 
and in March, 1890, having passed his eightieth birthday, he 
died through accidental poisoning. He was the youngest 
brother of David Dale and Robert Dale Owen, and his four- 
score years had been devoted to deeds of usefulness. Like his 
distinguished father and brother, he was conspicuous for deeds 
of helpfulness to his fellow-men. He engaged early as a 
teacher, but through the solicitation of his brother, Robert 
Dale Owen, a member of Congress, he was appointed captain 
in the Mexican War, serving in the army nearly a year and a 
half. Later he engaged in surveying northwest territory with 
his brother, David Dale Owen. In 1849 he associated with 
Col. Thornton Johnson in the Western Military Institute in 
Kentucky, which later on became a department in the Nash- 
ville (Tenn.) University. In an address to the ladies of the 
Mount Vernon Association, Nashville (published in pamphlet 
at the time), delivered in "Honor to the Illustrious Dead," he 
indicated his fear of the war that came. He soon sold his in- 
terests in Nashville and rei'irned to Indiana. In i860 he suc- 
ceeded his brother as State Geologist of Indiana. 

Early in the great war he was appointed lieutenant colonel of 
the 15th Indiana Volunteers, and was later promoted to colom 1 
of the 60th Indiana Regiment. After serving as commandant of 
Camp Morton Prison for several months, he was ordered to 
Kentucky with his regiment, and the command was captured 
a: Munfordville. General Buckner went into the field where 
his regiment was guarded, thanked him for kindness to 
prisoners at Camp Morton, and gave him unconditional liberty. 

Colonel Owen was one of the most active officers of the 
United States army. The "Records" report creditable deport- 
ment of him at Cheat Mountain, W. Va., in the Kentucky 
Campaigns, at Arkansas Post, and at Vicksburg. 

The tribute sought to be paid to Colonel Owen by the 
prisoners who were under his charge was conceived by the 
writer, who is founder of the Confederate Veteran, a maga- 
zine of Nashville, which has for many years represented of- 
ficially every general Confederate organization in existence. 
He proposed this tribute in 1907, and it had the hearty con- 
currence of many friends without a known disapproval. Co- 
operation of proper authorities whereby this tribute of Con- 
federate prisoners to the memory of Col. Richard Owen in 
Camp Morton may be worthily placed in the capital of Indiana 
is gratefully sought. 

The Governor selected Hon. William W. Spencer, an active 
member of the lower house, who had gone to school to 
Col. Richard Owen, to prepare a bill, which was submitted, 
and passed both houses by unanimous vote. The bill reads 
as follows : "Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, 
the Senate concurring therein, that the Governor of this State 
be authorized to permit the surviving Confederate prisoners 
who were confined in Camp Morton during the War between 
the States to erect a tablet to the memory of Col. Richard 
Owen for the kindness shown said Confederate prisoners, and 



(^OQfederat^ l/eterar?, 



151 



that the Governor be authorized to designate the spot where 
said tablet shall be placed, either in the Statehouse, on the 
grounds of the Statehouse, or on the soldiers' monument in 
the city of Indianapolis." 

The memorial inscription suggested is as follows : "Tribute 
to Col. Richard Owen for kindness to Confederate prisoners 
in Camp Morton, 1862. While faithful to every duty as an 
officer of the United States army, Colonel Owen secured the 
gratitude of Confederate prisoners as enduring as time. Con- 
tributed in 191 1 by surviving prisoners and their friends." 

The inscription opens the way for a multitude to cooperate 
in this unique evidence of gratitude and patriotism. The pro- 
moter undertakes this project alone. He does not know that 
a single fellow-prisoner will join him, but he undertakes it 
and asks for the cooperation of his friends as they would 
favor him personally. He will ask Governor Marshall to de- 
lay the selection of the place for the tablet until July, in the 
hope that a liberality of response will justify the selection of 
a very prominent place, and the memorial be one of credit 
to all who approve its production. 

Mr. Spencer wrote on March 1 1 : "The resolution I intro- 
duced the day you were in the legislature passed the House 
and the Senate without a dissenting vote. I inclose you a 
copy of the resolution. Governor Marshall at the present 
time, accompanied by his wife, is taking a vacation of about 
tun weeks in the Southland, and on his return he and I will 
investigate as to which is the proper place for you to erect 
the tablet. I wish again to express my gratification in know- 
ing that you appreciate Colonel Owen in the same manner as 




COL. RICHARD OWEN. 

he was appreciated by the students in college, and I also want 
to thank you for the magnanimous and grateful spirit which 
you have shown in your undertaking. I call it your under- 
. because you took the initiative and made it possible." 
The purpose of this project is to honoi Col Richard Owen 
and demonstrate with the best, if not the only, instance of real 
merit thai ever may be given, tin 1 lerates 

to a foe who was magnanimous and considerate, even in the 

war period, The offer to place a "memorial tablet" was 



modi St, the Editor being resolved if wholly unaided to supply 
testimony of the prisoners' appreciation of Colonel Owen's 
kindness to them. 

\ftcr correspondence with all fellow-prisoners that he could 
hear from, he concludes, as so nearly ail of them are dead, 
to solicit contributions from "prisoners and their friends 
This will open the way for a multitude in tin- South and some 
in the North who may contribute to this distinctive object. 

The Veteran will accept contributions until July 1. 191 1, 
publishing the list of contributors. Whatever is done must 
be done promptly. Small amounts, not less than one dollar, 
will be most acceptable. Those who feel solicitude for this 
object may exalt the spirit of its purpose by calling the atten- 
tion of friends. Don't forget that of the four thousand men- 
tioned 1 lie whereabouts hardly of one in each thousand is 
known. No more fitting "peace monument" could be erected 
"ii this continent. Prompt notice of amount that will be con- 
tributed by July I would enable the promoter to indicate to 
Governor Marshall the character of memorial, thereby en- 
abling him to indicate the location. 



CO.XFEDERATES AND THE WAR DEPARTMENT. 

The Fort Worth Grays of Texas, members of the R. E. Lee 
Camp at that place, volunteered their service to Comrade I 
M. Dickinson, Secretary of War. "for duty as United States 
soldiers on the Mexican border or in any other capacity as 
volunteers in the present crisis." In reply the Secretary states 

"I note with pleasure that this offer is unconditional, no 
limit for services being fixed. I am happy to say that there 
is no reason known to me for anticipating that our count ry 
will in the near future become involved in hostilities with any 
other country. We are at peace with all the world. Our 
record in tin- movements looking toward the maintenance of 
peace with other nations and the adjustment of international 
differences by arbitration and similar methods, rather than 
resort to arms, is hased upon a fixed policy that will not, I 
believe, be departed from. For us to become involved in war 
there would have to be some unjustifiable wrong perpetrated 
upon us by another nation. Even in such an event, the proba- 
bilities are that under the provisions of The Hague treaty for 
good offices of other signatories there would be no war 
unless such act should be followed by a refusal upon the part 
■ if that nation to submit our differences to an impartial 
tribunal for settlement. The attitude of the President in re- 
gard to peace and peace movements is such that he will not 
permit, so far as he can prevent, our government to b 
involved in hostilities with any other government. * * * 

"It is, nevertheless, gratifying to have this manifestation of 

patriotism from Confederate veterans. Tins, however, was 

nol needed to convince me that tin- United States would have 

no more loyal supporters than the people of the South in any 

involving the welfare of our common country.' 

"You gave an illustration to the world of the long and con 
stant sacrifice that the people of the South were willing to 
make in sustaining a cause to which they gave- their support. 
No adversities and no losses availed to make them will" 
tbandon their cause. The .sacrifice of life and property was 
made without stint or reserve, and the end came only with 
complete exhaustion of resources. This will stand as an 
illustrious example to the people of our country if a period 
of storm and stress should evei come, and will be pointed 
to to stimulate them to meet rv 1. adversity and not In 
-trained by pecuniary losses or disturbance of business or de- 
struction of commerce to make a peace without honor." 



152 



Confederate l/eteran. 



Confederate l/eteran. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor and Proprietor. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

This publication is the personal property of S. A. Cunningham. All per- 
sons who approve its principles and realize its benefits as an organ for Asso- 
ciations throughout the South are requested to commend its patronage and to 
cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be constantly diligent. 

SOUTHERN COMMERCIAL CONGRESS COMMENDED. 

The Southern Commercial Congress, which, in the outset, 
shows wise regard for its purposes by enlisting leading young 
men of the South, promises much more than mere commercial 
advancement. The recent meeting in Atlanta brought out more 
of the South's resources than have ever before been gathered 
and presented. There was but a single shadow on the proceed- 
ings, and that was a resolution that politics be not permitted in 
the proceedings. Ordinarily that precaution would be good, 
but the men composing that body are of too high a type for 
such restrictions to be mentioned. The spirit of its managers 
is too broad for any fear of narrowness in any sense. The 
South gives all-hail to the spirit so manifest in rebuilding her 
section, and her friends across the border will find her spirit of 
chivalry above that which would embarrass the most sensitive 
of our friends at the North who desire to cooperate. 

Dr. Clarence J. Owens, Commander in Chief of the U. S. 
C. V., is the Commissioner of Agriculture for the Congress, 
and his Adjutant General, Bedford Forrest, may be engaged 
in that great enterprise. 

It is so entirely in line for the Veteran to cooperate with 
the Congress that the most unstinted support will be given it. 

DUTIES OF SOUTHERNERS TO HISTORY. 

A veteran who observes that many families who fail to renew 
subscription or even to give notice of the death of comrades, 
but let the Veteran go on and on until notice is sent, and 
then refuse to pay, writes that he doesn't want that to occur 
in his case ; and as his time will expire in May, he advises that 
the subscription be stopped then unless he renews, as he does 
not expect to live many more months. 

This friend's letter is not only pathetic, but there is in it 
an explanation which evidently applies to many — viz., a hesita- 
tion to intimate to their families anything about death. When 
such is the case, would it not be fitting at least to discuss the 
Veteran, opportunely commending it and advising that the 
children and children's children should continue to maintain 
the rectitude and motives of those who suffered and fought 
for their convictions? This suggestion is applicable to thou- 
sands, and the comrade to whom application is unavoidable 
owes it to the cause to discuss these matters in his family. 
Besides, they ought to interest other families in it also. 

Every man who served the Confederacy should be diligent 
during his remaining days to instill these sentiments while he 
can. Have you, comrade, children and grandchildren in dif- 
ferent parts of the country who are not familiar with the 
Veteran? If so, and if you approve the suggestion, send 
addresses, and complimentary copies of the Veteran will be 
sent. Remember that, although no other publication in exist- 
ence is similar to it, and by persistent effort throughout its 
eighteen years, and more, the circulation for a long time has 
been kept greater than any other monthly in the South, and 
has never decreased, yet the outlook is gloomy. Don't be a 
laggard now in this any more than when a soldier. 

Won't you, venerable comrade, take some action now ? Send 
the names of your loved ones who may be in different places. 



A "friend" whose loyalty has never been doubted said in 
reference to the Veteran and the social part of life it records : 
"We can keep up with you, but you can't tell about us." 
He spoke for the thousands who read the publication regu- 
larly, and in an exultant spirit. That remark was strictly true. 

Personal friends of the proprietor who seem greatly pleased 
with the Veteran — friends who have much, many who seem 
not to realize the importance of their patronage and influence — 
go on and on, apparently unmindful of the great help they 
could in the aggregate render so easily. 

A recent issue of the Veteran contained a sketch of over 
a column in length and as fine an engraving as could be made 
of a well-to-do comrade who had long been a patron. This 
tribute cost the publication about $12, including the expense 
of engraving. Promptly after the publication appeared an or- 
der for one extra copy, with twelve cents to pay for it (and 
postage), with instructions to discontinue the subscription. 
The family is large and all are well-to-do. Will not every 
patron make it a rule to commend the Veteran to the young? 



GEN. BENNETT H. YOUNG IS RECOVERING. 

The dedication of the Jefferson Davis monument in New 
Orleans February 22, 191 1, which is to be reported herein 
next month (the delay is regretted), was an occasion for Gen. 
Bennett H. Young to speak of Mr. Davis to a great audience. 

In conversation with the writer on that occasion, he said: "If 
we live another year" — He avoided any significant manner in 
the remark, and from another comrade it would hardly have 
been remembered ; but he has been steadily optimistic through- 
out many years of active life. 

The next news from him was a dictated note from his nurse 
in the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, dated March 17: 
"This is the eighth day out from a serious operation. The 
doctors think I am mending. You can understand now some 
of my premonitions to you lately about a shortened life. I did 
not think it necessary to call a primary about coming to a hos- 
pital, so I did not even tell my wife and child. I'll be home 
after a while." 

Replying to a telegram expressive of interest and sympathy 
March 19, he dictated this: "God has been very gracious to 
me in these days here, and one of the sweetest of all experi- 
ences has been the appreciative remembrance on the part of my 
friends. All is over but the shouting and the healing. We 
could arrange for the shouting right off, but nature will have 
to work out the healing problem. * * * My Father in 
heaven has brought to me many spiritual experiences and 
blessings which will be a great help to me on the last round 
of life's journey." 



The poem, "Let the Conquered Banner Wave," which ap- 
peared on page 103 of the March Veteran as a "plea by Col. 
Jim Anderson, of Springfield, Mass.," was credited to him 
as the author. This is an error, as shown by Mrs. Shelton 
Cheviss, Secretary of the Ladies' Memorial Association of 
Petersburg, Va. This poem was dedicated to that association 
in 1898 by the author, Fred A. Campbell, of Oakland, Cal., 
and was read to the Ladies' Association in the cemetery near 
the old Blandford Church. Mr. Campbell had several hun- 
dred copies printed for them, and the association, while ap- 
preciating that Colonel Anderson adopted it as his sentiment, 
is not willing that Mr. Campbell be deprived of his full credit. 
Colonel Anderson read the poem at the R. E. Lee birthday 
celebration, and the occasion was not in his honor, as stated, 
though most cordial were the hospitalities extended to him. 



QoQfederatc? Veterai), 



153 



HALF CENTURY SINCE I llli BIRTH Of THE C S. A. 

A delightfully remembered day to Confederates and iheir 
friends who were in Montgomery, Ala., mi February t8, 101 1. 
will be treasured through the remainder of their lives. Na- 
ture's benefaction was perfect, as fairer weather could hardl} 
be conceived. 

111. grand old Capitol certainly rli.l not look so well fiftj 
years before when Jefferson Davis took the oath oi offici 
President of the Confederate States oi America. A splendid 
annex to the building was made a few yeai ago, and the ■■< it 
building is wonderfully preserved. The place where Mr- Davis 
stood is indicated by a star in the picture of the portrait, the 
location of the star being emphasized by a Confederate vet 
■.•ran. Dr. Thomas M. Owen stands bj the portrait of Mr 




Davis, a fitting compliment to thi n, as he has done, 

and is doing, much more than any other man for the perpetua 
tion "t' our history in Alabama, if not in all Dixie. 

Mrs. B. B. Ross, President of the Alabama Division, I' D 
C, well deserves the gratitude of the Southern people for the 
next fifty years for her zeal in advocating and in making a 

" f this celebration in Montgomery on Februarj 18, 

the fiftieth anniversarj of the inauguration of President Jef 
ferson Davis. 

Il '" n that the portrait of Mi Davis is dec 

with wreaths They are mainly from many Chaptei in Ala- 

(Mt I \\ Foster, ol Nashville, I enn . Pre idi m oi 
Chapter No. 1 in the great organi ition, ordered a wreath 

Milt, but DJ some mishap it failed of delivery.) Mrs Ross 

iii presenting one for the State of Alabam 1, aftei 
ter wreaths had been placed, said : 
"Wi meet to day in simple loyalty and in answei to thi 
and purest dictates of our hearts. I believe 1 voice thi 
and prayer of the womanhood of the South in saying that, as 

the years conic and go, as generations pass on, as winter and 



spring, summer and autumn succeed each other, the sentiments 
which animate us to-day shall be perpetuated, that the people 
of the South may ever continue to be loyal to the mi 
of those four terrible but glorious years, th it thej may ever 
be loyal In the splendid manhood of our heroic leaders and to 
the courage and devotion of our private soldiers. The p 
that fail to observe and keep sacred their historic anniver- 
saries, that forget their heroic dead are already dead at heart 

"As the representative of the Daughters of tie Confedi rai 1 
in this great commonwealth, 1 bring this tribute of flowers 
and place it on the historic spot made sacred by the South's 

great chieftain and indomitable leader, whose public and pi i 
vate life was pure and incorruptible, lie was a man among 
nun. a leader of leaders, living without a stain, and dying 
without fear; a man whose life was an open book on whose 
while p igi - no blot could be found. 

Mis life was gentle, and the elements 

So mixed in him that Xature might stand up 

\ud say to all the world: "This was a man 

Pri sent on the occasion were Den George P. Harrison, one 
of the youngest brigadiers in the Confederate army, and Go\ 
I mmel O'Neal, who took active part in the appropriate cere 

monies The Governor said: "It ought to be a pride with 

every man and every woman who loved the Confederacy and 

who desires thai the motives of those who fought for it should 
not be misunderstood, to impress upon all the important fact 
that Jefferson Davis stood as the exponent of all the people 
oi th. South. It was a cruel shame and a burning di 
that Federal authority subjected him to the cruelties and in 

dignities under which he suffered for years after peace had 
crime. Teach your children and your children's children that 
Mr. Davis Suffered wrong and hardship when he was no more 
blamable than the most ol,. ,111. soldier that bore a musket in 
the Confederate army. I am happy in the belief that time. 
which is the arbiter of men and nations, is correcting in the 
public mind of tin- North the misconceptions of Mr. Davis's 

I '!<■ and character, and in the years 1.. come his name and inn. 

will grow brighter and brighter at home and abroad." 
Ill the Advertiser's report of the event it states 

"Saturday marked the celebration of the emi centennial of 
the form in. ,n of the Southern Confederacy and of the in 
auguration of President Davis. The celebration in Mont 

gonicrv was then fore of double historical significance. The 

impressive ceremonj of the placing of wreaths about thi 
which marks the spot upon winch President Davi took the 
oath, In veterans and b} the children and grandchildren of 
veterans, drew a large crowd to the Capitol grounds They 

were there lo pay tribute to the cause and to revere the mem 

of the man who suffered in its interests. 
"The program for the day was under the direction of Dr. 

Ih. .iii.i- \1 Owen, Director of the State Department .a \i 
chives and History, and a length} program was cat 

" After an invocation by Rev. I .. orgi 1 Bn 
.a 1 imp Lomax, Confederate Veterans, Dr Owen said 
fifty wars ago Jefferson Davis, the proud lei 

■ -A i' « ik upon himself the le.i.lei shi] n 

There is no mor< historic ground known than is 1 
hen in ] out Stati Senate 1 hamber the I 

iing There the Confedi rati C01 ititution « 
an I signed. I h.r. President Ji ffei >n Davi 
dent Alexander Stephens we re elected There Mr. Stephens 

Oath of high office; and escorted by Hon H 

Cobb, l'r. -id. nt of the Congr I 



154 



C^opfederat^ l/eterap. 




THE CONFEDERATE CAPITOL ON THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT DAVIS. 



Chairman of the Committee on Inauguration, Mr. Davis left 
the chamber and came to the spot where we now stand. Just 
fifty years ago at this hour he became head of a new republic' " 

The address of Governor O'Neal was most appropriate, and 
the extempore part was thrilling. He said in part: 

"Half a century in the life of a country is considered a 
short period, yet between this day in 1861 and the present hour 
events have occurred which have not been equaled in thrilling 
interest and mighty results in the course of several of the 
centuries of recorded time. It is needless on this occasion and 
before this audience to make even the briefest summary of 
the causes which led to the great event whose semicentennial 
is now being observed. * * * 

"The grand figure of the occasion that is now being so 
admirably observed was Jefferson Davis. When he stood here 
at the front of this building and took the oath which dedi- 
cated his mind, his heart, and if necessary his life to the cause 
of the new government, he was impressed with the mighty 
responsibility that rested upon his shoulders and knew that 
it was not an affair of a day or a month upon which he and 
those he represented were entering. 

"By common consent the members of the provisional Con- 
gress who met in the Senate chamber of this Capitol turned 
to him as the man best fitted to lead in the mighty effort that 
all realized was before them. It is altogether a mistaken idea 
that he was in any sense of the word an extremist. Mr. Davis 
bore profound attachment to the Union, and it was like tearing 
his heartstrings when his sense of duty to his people and his 
loyalty to his own convictions led him to the conclusion that 
separation was imperative and right. When he had thus de- 
cided, there was no misgiving and no turning back, and there 
was no act of his from the beginning here to the close in 1865 



which justified any of the contumely and wrong heaped upon 
him by the Federal authorities. 

"Mr. Davis was splendidly equipped for the leadership which 
he did not seek. His predilections were toward the army 
which he knew would have to be raised, and he would 
gladly and willingly have seen the duties of civil leadership 
placed upon other shoulders. 

"Graduated from West Point in July. 1828, when only twenty 
years of age, he saw hard service on the extreme frontier, and 
participated in Indian conflicts, which were frequent and 
bloody. He suffered hardships then which were borne as they 
should have been by a soldier, patiently and uncomplainingly. 
After seven years of hard service, he lived in privacy in Missis- 
sippi, from which he was brought by his friends and neighbors 
to serve them in a public capacity. From then until the day 
of his death he was a man of marked intellectual and moral 
power. He resigned a seat in Congress to serve his country 
iii the Mexican War, and bore a part which would have forever 
secured the love of his countrymen if he had even then again 
retired to the peace and quiet which he so much desired. 

"His military capacity was demonstrated on the then far 
frontier by his conduct when quite a young man, and again 
on the plains of Mexico in more mature days. Although des- 
tiny pointed to him as the man to be placed in the forefront 
in 1861, yet it is not to be wondered at that he preferred a mil- 
itary command to the one which the unanimous voice of the 
representatives of the new nation assigned him. 

"Naturally a student, Mr. Davis devoted a great deal of his 
time before entering upon public life to questions that agitated 
the country, and when he entered Congress, first as Represen- 
tative and afterwards as Senator, the oldest and most experi- 
enced found in him a foeman worthy of their steel. If one 



Qotyfederat^ l/eterar). 



155 



will examine the record while he was serving his State in 
Congress, it will be found that none of his associates sur- 
passed him in knowledge of affairs, in clearness of statement, 
and in patriotic devotion to the common weal. 

"As a member of the Cabinet of Mr. Pierce, in the capacity 
of Secretary of War, he adopted methods which almost revo- 
lutionized the management of the army, and instituted re- 
forms of untold value to the service. It can be safely asserted 
that as Secretary of War no man ever surpassed Jefferson 
Davis in service that was beneficial to the army and nation at 
large. While he was serving in that position the work which 
necessitated the building (if what is known as Cabin John Bridge 
near Washington was perfected; and as was the custom then, 
as is now, the name of the chief of the department under 
whose administration the work was performed was placed 
thereon in a conspicuous position. In the midst of war his name 
was removed from the place where justice and sense of pro- 
priety had originally placed it. Tf for nothing else. I am 
willing to pay tribute to former President Roosevelt for hav- 
ing made the order which restored the name of Jefferson 
Davis to the place on that piece of work from which it ought 
never to have been removed. 

"When he took the oath of office as President of the South- 
ern Confederacy, there was joy and gladness here and through- 
out all the States whose Chief Magistrate he had become. (If 
all the thousands here assembled, none knew so well as he 
did the great and bloody war that was to follow. He was 
not one of those wdio believed that it was to be a midsummer 
frolic, for he had been too long associated with the leaders on 
the other side not to know their feeling, and that their people 
would fight to the bitter end to prevent the dissolution of the 
Union. 

"This is not an occasion which warrants a lengthy review of 
the four years of Mr. Davis's administration. Strange to say, 
from the time he entered upon his duties until his capture in 
Southeast Georgia he met with opposition as to the conduct 
of civil and military affairs. Some who did not possess his 
opportunity for knowing conditions, and who in most cases 
were influenced by vanity or wounded pride, sought to em- 
barrass his plans, believing that their own were more likely 
to bring success. In the midst of difficulties of the most ap- 
palling kind he kept a clear head and a brave heart. His life 
was dedicated to the cause, and he pursued the course which 
his own judgment, aided by wise counselors, suggested. 

"He had to shoulder the blame for lack of transportation 
when there was none to be had; for scarcity of food when 
11 u.is difficult, if not impossible, to get a day's supply ahead; 
for scant clothing when there was no material at hand and 
no way of obtaining it. For whatever sins of omission or 
commission others were guilty, the blame fell upon his over- 
burdened shoulders, and never did complaint fall from his 
lips. Literally, day bj day for four years, he suffered for the 
Confederacy — oftentimes misunderstood and more frequently 
blamed for the faults of others. Prom beginning to end, how- 
ever, he had the affection and confidence of the great bulk 
of those whom he served, and never in the darkest hour did 
he fail to have the support and advice of the immortal Robert 
E. Lee. The bond between them was as strong as adamant, 
and together they will ever live in the hearts of the people 

of the South * * * 

I his scene testifies to the feelings of those for whom he 
dared all and suffered all. What is expressed by your actions 
here to-day is typical of the feelings of Southern people 
everywhere; and if Mr. Davis were living, his great heart 



would swell with pride and gratitude at the manifestation of 
the love of those who were dearer to him than all else besides 

"Montgomery people sought him out when he was living an 
obscure life at his Mississippi home, near the Gulf of Mexico, 
and brought him here to lay the corner stone of the Confed- 
erate monument which adorns this Capitol Hill. The heart of 
the people spoke in the demonstration which followed his 
appearance here; and if he had any doubt as to how the South- 
ern people felt toward him, it was removed when he witnessed 
the joy and gladness which the people manifested alternately 
with shouts and tears Wherever he went in any Southern 
State from that day on he witnessed the devotien of a people 
who loved him because he suffered for them. * * * 

"Impartial history will do justice to his memory. With each 
receding year, when the passions engendered by the mighty 
conflict of the past have subsided, the purity of his motives, 
his earnest consecration to duty, and his lofty patriotism and 
greatness will stand out more clearly defined in the judgment 
of posterity. 

"The storm of hatred, misrepresentation, and slander which 
swept the country after the close of the Civil War and which 
selected him as its conspicuous victim failed to affect his self- 
poise or bring from his lips one word of bitterness. Against 
him were hurled all the poisoned darts of slander and vitupcra 
tion, but they fell harmless at his feet. Of him it may be said: 

" 'Like some tall clift that rears its awful head. 

Swells from the vale and midway leaves the storm ; 
Though round its base the rolling clouds may spread, 
Eternal sunshine settles on its head.' 

"Though he endured all the pangs of defeat, no conquering 
hero, fresh from triumph or wearing the laurels of victory, 
ever won so permanent an abiding place in the hearts and af- 
fections of his countrymen. 

"He was our representative, typical of that magnificent 
civilization which commenced with Washington and ended 
with Lee. Brave in battle, with a polish, a culture, a deep 
learning and honesty of purpose and courage in action, typical 
of Southern civilization when in its flower, he was justly 
recognized as one who was born to command. 

"If we of to-day can but display in all the arts of peace the 
same courage, devotion to principle, and patient fortitude 
which Mr. Davis and his compatriots showed during the long 
years of weary struggle against overwhelming numbers and 
resources, we will prove ourselves worthy of our descent from 
a race of men whose blood freely flowed at honor's call and 
never stained where it fell. 

"We have no words of apology on our lips for him who 
bore so patiently and bravely the burdens and sorrows of his 
people. The day. my countrymen, will come when the name 
of Jefferson Davis will stand in history alongside that of 
Washington, side by side with Hampton and Sidney, and the 
other great names of those who fought for constitutional 
liberty and human rights. 

"It ha been said that those men who fought the battles of 
the South believed that they were right. I answer with the 
younger Lee that they not only believed but knew they were 
right. Their theories have been justified and sustained in the 
forum of reason, argument, and debate, and successfully de- 
ft nded by tin- greatest constitutional lawyers of our 

"It should be to us to-day a source of congratulation 
the right of local self-government and the preservation of the 
rights of the State for which these men struggled and fought 
are to-day recognized as essential to the perpetuity of free 



i56 



C^oijf ede ra t<^ l/eterap. 



government in this republic. The cause for which they con- 
tended did not perish." 

Gen. George P. Harrison, who presented Governor O'Neal, 
mentioned the coincidence that from that point he presented 
his father, Gov. E. A. O'Xeal, a quarter of a century before 
as predecessor to the gifted chief executive of Alabama. Gov. 
E. A. O'Neal commanded a brigade in the Confederate army. 

[Social features, including Confederate ball, in May issue.] 



MEETING OF BLUE AND GRAY AT MANASSAS. 

Mr. S. H. Bascom (2d Ohio Infantry), of Chicago, is at the 
head of a movement looking toward the celebration of the 
fiftieth anniversary of the first battle of Bull Run. His idea 
is to have the surviving participants on both sides in the first 
battle of the great civil strife to gather on that celebrated field 
July 21, 1911, and form a national organization. 

The Cincinnati Enquirer states: "The matter will be brought 
before the legislatures of the different States asking for an 
appropriation sufficient to defray the expenses of the reunion. 
Mr. M. C. Carney, 61st Ohio Infantry, Xew Lexington, Ohio; 
W. T. Ackerson, Rahway, N. J. ; F. S. Wallace, Chattanooga, 
Tenn. ; and others have written to Mr. Bascom favoring it. 

Confederates will learn speedily in these latter days that 
the men who favor such measures are of the better class of 
Union veterans, and prompt attention to their requests prom- 
ises good to the country. 



JOHN BROWN A MURDERER. 

EY ST. GEORGE TUCKER BROOKE, CII ARLESTOWN, W. VA. 

I send the Veteran a copy of a letter from Mahala Doyle. 
Recently you added proof to the fact that Osawatomie Brown 
was a murderer in Kansas. The Virginia Magazine of His- 
tory and Biography began in its April (1902) issue "The 
Brown Letters. Found in the Virginia State Library in 1901." 
The following letter is taken from the July (1902) number-. 
"Mahala Doyle to John Brown. 

"Chattanooga. Tenn., Nov. 20, 1859. 

"John Brown — Sir: Although vengeance is not mine, I con- 
fess that I am gratified to hear that you were stopped in your 
fiendish career at Harper's Ferry, with the loss of your two 
sons. You can now appreciate my distress in Kansas, when you 
entered my house at midnight and arrested my husband and 
two boys, took them out of the yard and in cold blood shot 
them dead. This was in my hearing. You can't say you did it to 
free slaves; we had none and never expected to own one. You 
made me a disconsolate widow with helpless children. While 
I feel for your folly, I trust you will meet your just reward. O 
how it pained my heart to hear the dying groans of my hus- 
band and children. 

"N. B. — My son, John Doyle, whose life 1 begged of you, is 
now grown up and very desirous to be at Charlestown on the 
day of your execution, that he might adjust the rope around 
your neck if Governor Wise would permit it. M. Doyle." 

My special incitement to write this letter to the Veteran is 
a dispatch to a newspaper, a day or two ago, stating that 
the House of Representatives of Kansas considered a resolu- 
tion to erect a statue of John Brown. 

Kansas Will Honor John Brown Anyhow. 

A Topeka special to the Kansas City Star March 4, 191 1 : 

"J. W. Brown, Representative from Butler County, set the 
Kansas House by the ears to-day by an attack on John Brown 
when the bill appropriating $2,800 to preserve the John Brown 
cabin at Osawatomie and keep up the park surrounding it 
came up for passage. 



"1 he bill was passed by the Senate several days ago, and was 
up for final passage in the House. It passed by a good vote, 
the Democrats generally voting against it. When Representa- 
tive Brown, who is a Democrat, was called, he voted 'no' 
and offered the following explanation of his vote: 'If John 
Brown had consummated his insurrection started at Harper's 
Ferry, I probably would have died in my youth. John Brown 
was never in a proper sense a resident of Kansas, nor was 
he 'Osawatomie Brown,' that appellation in early years having 
been applied to O. C. Brown, who founded the town of 
Osawatomie and gave it its name. He never engaged in any 
legitimate business or employment while here, nor did he aid 
in any way in the improvement or development of the country. 
With the instincts of an anarchist and the hand of an as- 
sassin, his career in Kansas was one of lawlessness and crime 
— the one indelible blot on the otherwise fair, free State rec- 
ord. No Kansan desires to appropriate money to perpetuate 
the name of a Booth, a Guiteau, or a Czolgosz. Neither will 
I consent to exalt the name of the first anarchist and rebel 
this country produced.' 

"J. J. Veatch, of Washington County, a Republican, also 
voted against the bill, and offered the following explanation 
of his vote: 'I am a Republican, and I was a soldier for four 
years in the Union army. I admire a brave man who with 
sword in hand will lead his men through shot and shell to the 
cannon's mouth, but I despise a sneak and a bushwdiacker. 
John Brown allowed his men to sharpen their swords and kill 
five unarmed men by cutting them to pieces in the presence 
of their wives and children, and therefore he was guilty of 
murder. I will not by any vote appropriate a single dollar 
to honor the memory of a man whom I believe a murderer.' 

"As soon as the roll call was completed Davis, of Kiowa, 
moved that the attacks be expunged from the record, but the 
motion failed and the attacks stand." 

New York Daybook in 1859. 

Comrade D. C. Black, of Columbus, Ga., sends a clipping 
fiom the New York Daybook of 1859 in regard to a lecture 
at Cooper Institute upon John Brown's Kansas depredations. 
Pate had been sent with a United States marshal as his as- 
sistant to "put him down." The battle of Black Jack was 
fought. For some reason Pate sent a flag of truce which was 
accepted by Brown. They met near where Brown had a posse 
secreted, who made Pate a prisoner, regardless of honor. 

Captain Pate verified the most horrid stories that have ever 
been told of Brown's method in murdering people in Kansas. 



Breckinridge Flag to the 20th Tennessee. — In a per- 
sona' letter to a friend Comrade James Archer Turpin, of 
Waterproof, La., writes: "I see in the last issue of the Con- 
federate Veteran that a committee of ladies has been ap- 
pointed to find the flag presented to Col. Thomas B. Smith's 
regiment, the 20th Tennessee, in January, 1863, at Tullahoma, 
Tenn., by Gen. John C. Breckinridge. I was present when this 
flag was presented and heard the presentation speeches of Gen- 
eral Breckinridge and his staff officer, Theo O'Hara. Gen- 
eral Breckinridge said the flag was made by the hands of his 
wife, and in it was a portion of her wedding dress. It was a 
large, beautiful flag, as I recollect. Colonel Smith in receiving 
the flag presented to General Breckinridge the old flag which 
had been borne in many a battle and had been riddled with 
bullets, and he made a beautiful speech also in receiving the 
flag. I have kept up with General Smith ever since the war. 
What a s?d fate was his!" 



Qopfederat:^ l/eterarj. 



15; 



THE OLD BLANDFORD CHURi II AT PETERSBl RG 
The Ladies' Memorial Association of Petersburg, Va., was 
organized in [866, and the good they have done lias made them 
well known throughout the Southern States. The ladies of 
this association obtained possession of old Blandford Church 
when only the walls and roof were intact. They decided to 
restore the interior and use it for a mortuary chapel and to 
carry nut the idea of a memorial by requesting each Southern 
State i" put in a window in memory of its dead, who lie in 

sight of the iv\ -clad- walls ,»f this old 
church. 

"I n the 1 asl ' i Petersburg stands this 
historic old church, a fitting sentinel 
nver the graves of more than twenty 
thousand Confederate soldiers. In full 
view of the great battlefield around 
Petersburg, it stood in the line of fire 
during ten long months, close behind 
the Confederate intrenchment. Grant's 
lib 11 |y assault in June, [864, and the 
tierce repulse of the Federal troops ,11 
the expli sii n of the Crater were near 
it, and in full view was the brilliant 
charge of General Gordon's gallant 
corps upon Fort Stedman. almost the 
la I expiring struggle of the Confed- 
eracy. 

Virginia and Missouri were the first 
States t.i respond to the appeal, and 
their example was quickly followed by 
the Washingti n Artillery of I ouisiana. 

Mrs. William Hume. Chairman for 
Tennessee, writes: "Tennessee has a 
larger number buried there than any 
other State Shi gave [13,000 soldiers 

out of the (urn. in o i.f the entire army. 
Is it a wonder, then, that her slain ex- 
ceed in number those of other St: 
Inn n .1 around the old church \\ hen 
this « 1 irk 1 if placing memorial w indi 

■ 1 mplctcd, the chapel will be the 
most beautiful antique in America. 
Confederate daughters 1 f the men of 
that ■ my, < .m « e affi rd to let 

other States do more than w 1 ? No ' 
1 answer foi my sister workers God 
helping, wi nplete this loving duty during this year' 




Mil fENNESSEl WINDOW 



VISITING VIRGINIA BATTLEFIELD 
I R .1 Sti ild. ml. in the Laurensville (S. C.) 1 1. raid.] 
I wo I etei .his and a son of one of them bi 

: Clinton in 1 >i tobi r to visit some of the 
ields in \ it ginia \ di ii e oi tweh e mill - Fn mi Fred- 
ericksburg brought ns to Spottsylvania C. II. neat which 
i with . .tlii . long, 

hours in the Angle .n Maj u. [864. This 1- where 
Grant tried in vain to turn General Lee's left wing I he 

irl 1 ■ and the tra\ erse point a 

plainly discernible Man) scars remain of that struggle 

I he gi.n ■ of our boys 1 an still I < fi und. < ln< 1 if 

these has .1 stoni .11 the head marked "J P.," and I feel sure 
that it is the grave of John Pears 1 . 14th 

South Carolina Volunteers. 



We traced the lines at Fredericksburg where Sumner. 
1 bnker. ami Franklin tried to break the lines of Long 
in. I Jackson. I he Marye house and surroundings show plain 
ly the scars of the conflict. A portion of the stone wall that 
occupied by Cobb's Brigade is still standing, and a stone 
mar tins wall marls the spot where General I 
["he cottage is -till there, and the door shutter can be 

igh which the shell passed thai 1- said to have struck 
him down. A natii nal cemetery occupies the heights to the 
right of the Marye hi use, 1 Ktending 
to I I .i/i 1 Run. « In 1 1 >■, c were infoi med 
that over twelve thousand of the 

enemy's troops were buried. 

Returning to Richmond, we went 
down t'i Seven fines, passed over a 
portion of the Sai ige Station b. 
fields, crossed the Chickahominy at the 
grapevine bridge in Cold Harboi and 
Gains's Mill. Here the writer (a mem 
her of Captain Brown's company, b. 
141I1 South Carolina Volunteers) first 
heard the zip, zip of the Minie halls 
June .7. [862. I'n \ imis t.i this time, 
however, we had become somewhat ai 

Mil uned In the In mining cannon and 

bursting shell I he old mill was 

burned down later and rebuilt after the 

war, but it is now running. The morn 

ing after this battle I i. ill Col W I > 
Simpson, being in command of the 
14th Regiment, Colonel McGowan hav- 
ing been wounded, walked over the 

field in our front and. return