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Conne^cut £vangeHcal Magazine^ 










^ r HART, D. D. 


5 ZEBULON ELY, a. m. 
? ABtL FLINF, a. m. 







■- i 


ENCOURAGED by the Beral patronage given to the Jirft volume 
of the ConneJicut Evangelical Maga'ziney the Editors are induced 
00 imier on the publication of a fecond. The fame genera! plan mill be 
^afieedf and it will be their aim to render the work intereJHng and ufeful* 
aIo €9mmunicate inflruBion upon the great truths and defines of reugioMf 
$0€omfert and etBfy the people of God^ and to interefi the pious mind by 
oxUmAng SJplays of the grace and mercy of Gad^ rather than to amtJe 
ik^eeulatt/t and entertain the curious ^ are the objeds of this v/ori. For 
Mr aeeempn/hment of ihefe pvrpofesj it will be feen that EJfays written in 
ufitsrt^ interefling manner, judicious narratives of revivals of religion f 
mc€9ants of remarkable Providences, and llographica! Jketches are better 
aitfifJ^ than labored difquifitUns on J^culative points. To the fuccefs 
9f a work of this kind variety is ejfcntial ; the Editors therefore hope 
thnr brethren in the mlniftry, and others who wifh to promote tb^ caufs of 
trmit and piety, will cheerfully ccrrmunicate original pieces on the various 
fidfeSs mentioned in the plan of the Miigaxine, 

7hi prefcnt is not a period for ind-Mnce or indifference in the caufe of 
^rreai Redeemer, Such an the figns of the times, as to call for the 
Wi^ vigorous exertions. The Prinze of darknefs is more than ufually aC' 
iine s and at the fame time the L'^rd of glory appears to he ereSing a 
fmadard againfl him, ** Profi'igacy of *nanners a'aounds ; end infidelity 
*• affmsnes a formidable appearance, walking through the earth 'with gigan- 
•■ ttcfifides, and thrcatning the deflrudion of every virtuous principle, 
" Religion, on the other hand, gradually prevatL ; and the Son cf God 
•• feems to be preparing the courfc of events for her final triumph J'* The 
late revivals of nligion in fo many parts of our land ; an increqfing fpirit 
%f piety among thefertoxis people in various parts of Europe ; and the en- 
gagednefs manifcjlrd hy fo many, both in America and Europe, to fend 
Miffionarits to places where the gofpelis not at all or hut imperfenly enjoy- 
ti% lead to tlx animating conjuleraiton thai the Redeemer fltll Jits as king 
wpOH the holy hill of Sion^ and that the gates of hell wiU not befujfered to 
prevail againfl his church. 

In a word, fuch are the prefent appearances of things^ thai k my be 
Jmdt there is much to excite hope, to alarm fear, to eneo t m og e the Saints 
amifervoMds of God to the utmojl ddigence, and to induee all to addnfi 
'MryStfbr of mercies, in fervent prayer and humUi Ju^filicalwn jwr m 


^vfitnt of b'uj^irit, and far o bliffing upon aiuf tffortt mhUb mdj it 

luuie to advance the kingdom of hit dear Son. 
Thtft cofifidtrationi induce she Edilori tofoUcU thefrimii of Chr'ifi to 

ttcourage a nvori dtligBed to d^uft rtlig'lout ino-wUdge and to raife a fund 
ir eantinuing the light of the gofpil among the inhabUaaii of the new and 
altered f/ttlenunti in the United Stalet, and toffreoA th'u light among 

riiei of Savagf nnv» pertfiiagfor lack of vijion. 

The follo-a>in^ u the flan of ihu wort. 

ElTays on the do^ines of ChiUtianicy, and on religious, experi- 
lental and moral fubjefli : — Occalioaal remarks on ihe fulfiiment of 
^ripture prophecies in the preTeni day, and expoGtions of ditiicult and 
lodicful palTages of fcripture : — Religious inLclligeace concerning the 
iate of Chrifl's kingdom, throughout the Chriftian woild, and iketcb- 
$ of the original ecclefjaftical coiicems of this couDtry i^InformatioD 
efpefting Miffions to the new fettlenieou in the United States and 
_ Heathen nitiona ; — Narratives of revivali of religion in pajtitu* 
places togci'ier with the dilUnguifliing marks of Unie and falfe rcli- 
ioo !— Accburts of rcmarluble difpenKttioQS of divine Proi-ideoce : 
Biographic4l (ketches ofpctfons eminent for piety :— -Original b/nins 
evangelical fubjcfts : — Together with whaiefer eife on the fubjcfl of 
igion and morals may contribute to the advaDceroent of genuine piety 
ndpare moraiiiv. 
Tiifs work will coofifl of oriEJna] pieces and of extrafts from the 



Connedticut Evangelical Magazine. 


Vm. U.] 

JULY, i8or- 

[No- 1. 

]fpmf ^^rtaticn on the Commune 
mm of the Holy Ghojt. 

J'HE comiminton of the I lo- 
Yj GhofI is an exprcffion 
b^ the apoftle Paul in z Cor. 
nL 14* The fame word in the 
mnfffoal^ wLich is there tran dated 
tammmmiem^ is frequently rendered 
fikm/tip. It is derived frcnia 
Md which fignifics commcn ; and 
Aevord itfelf feems prnv.jrily to 
■port a corn men intereft — v^cffc^- 
fi^ ecjoyiflg or {haringA in 
CDmnon ; oru joint p.irrici}<<iticn 
■ the £uns thin;;., whrn 
fcmal perfbns arc ioinr -; ir^ktrs 
rf fbe Holv GholK wiv-h'.r in 
Bfialf or in iifftrcn: dc:r-js, thi: 
aomnunion uf ti.e Hoi- Giiou is 
vkh them ; or ti'^y l;..vj com- 
BBoion one wit'n -iiii ilv.r in the 
Holy Ghoft. 'i i^is joint -j^drtici- 
paiioo of the 11' 1/ (Ji.Uil, ;•- ;i 
|0od or cnjoyn:'.."!*, in a ^-T'. irir 
orkls degree, to ili:ni 
all^ is the commUiUon r.f liic Ho- 
ly Ghoft. 

It -is agrccal'e to f^iip*urcto 
by, ChrilHan: h:>vc ic.i«/. fliip 
f Gomninn X on j cl'/V v the i .. . 1 . 11 , 
■ad wtfi his Fon Jclus Ciiilll. 
I John i. 3. f'ui it is not knp- 

tural to f.iy, they haTe commnniOM 
orfcllowlhip with the Holy GhoiL 
I'he commcnion of t&e Holy 
Ghoft, is a lcri]«tural cxpreiEon : 
bnt communion with the Holy 
Ghoft, is not a fcripturai expref- 
fion, and perhaps, not fuitedto 
convey a fcripturai idea- 

The following f-bfervations, it 
is sppTchcridcd, are founded on 
the reprcfcnntions contained in 
the fcri]-turc*, viz. 

1. The Holy Glioft is the Spir- 
it of the I'.mIici, and of his Son 
Jcfiis Chrif}. Thi?; will be adni?- 
ttd (*y .il! v'!v, read the Ne\r-Te£- 
tciT" nr \v:*h c^vcniion. 

It vz C')':f!d;r the Son merely 
Ts Gt-'.!, ' r in his original ftatCy 
|.icv':'-..i- to hi*", actiial afuimption of 
tiv hur hh n^'uic^h'^ Holy Spir- 
it i:- n-j t:u1y /'■• ^'iii'tas the Fath- 
^^'«, anH ii t!ie fame fcnfc and 
ir.rti.ncr, v '* *■.,'• r t:\r be. Ard 
if li.e ^-.r. r ;< -<:ii.:t*d in hi.: in- 
c.irr.'te ; ill* I ■ .1 '•fiicc-cr..\Ta^:.r, 
:i T I wu ■. ' s ■.:■■ i . : ■ d , t he f 1 o ! y 
i-virir is /■;••, \y v:.'= c df the a- 
n'-i-.rirc: v.l.'i'l; l\c riic^iv.d of the 
r\i:h'j: V Iv.- h • ; :v? h;:?^ the Spir- 
it without »v-...v^:c. 

2. Ti'j ?:?)y »^'^:-il V' ^.Ntu Vtv 
the cJi ■ ivlrc n ot t > -j i— ' o viW woa 

S On lit 

beHcrert, (o tbide ia ihetn as a vi- 
ttl principle, like a ^veW or foun- 
CiiB of ' witer, fprioging up into 
ererUftJQg life. John iv. 14. 
He it given by the Fi'her. Luke 
xi. 1 J. Gil. h- 6. And he is 
given by Chrlft. John xvi. 7. 
He dwells iaChriftianiaj the Spir- 
itofGod,awl<iJthe SptritofChiift. 
Rom. viii. 9, 10. 11. TheHo- 
!y Spirit) abiding in Chriftians as 
the Spirit of adoption and of prom- 
ife, is the earnrji of their inheri- 
tance ; and by him they uc fealcd 
uniD the day of redemption. He 
is the interna! (burce and fupport of 
I heir jpiritaal iifc and holinefi, 
comfort and joy. Hereby they 
arf partakers of a divine oa- 
tnrc. Accenting to the meafore 
the Spirit comiminicaied to 
themi they ture the f<ime Spiri: 
God and Jcfus Chrift— the 
Cimc difpolition or affcSion, in 
tiod, towards the fame objefl^— 

o/theBoIj Ghofi. 


interelt. Atul this is un- 
doubtedly included is the com- 
ntunion, of Chriftians with the ■ 
Father, and with his Son Jefus 
Chrift. God and Jefus Chrifl 
communicate the Holy Spirit to 
believers ; and they, undw the 
infiuence of this Spirit, commu- 
nicate or dcvoie their hearts and 
theirwhole pcrfons to Jefus ChriK, 
and to God through him. The 
Spirit comminicated to ihem, pro- 
duces a return of communications, 
in the cxercifcs of lore, gratitude 
and praife, feif-dedication, trull 
and dependence, joy and rejoicing, 
and in afts of worihip and obedi- 
ence, inclufive of all thofc fpirit- 
ua! facrifiees, which are accepttMe 
to God by jefus Chrift. Such 
muliial iotercourfc and coTnmuQi- 
crftions, between God and his peo- 
ple, exitl and are maintained bf 
tlie Holy Spirit ; though, ordi- 
lly, not without the inftcuiaen- 


(himjtau of pnAatm. 

catioiis and corrdpondence» on 

4* AS ChriftianSf who have 
eoaiinnnion with the Father, and 
wh his Son Jeiiis Chrift, have 
Ulowfliip with one another. 

By one Spirit Chriftians arc all 
bmazcd into one body, and are 
alfaade to drink into one Spirit* 
I Cor. xii. 13* Hence, as one 
fcoenl nik of faith and pradice is 
aunmon to them all, they have 
ftUowfliip in ientimenti afTcdion 
and pnidhce. The fame views and 
ideas of God, of Chrifl, and of 
tbenlclvest of the law^and of the 
■ ■ ljw. it are common to them all — 
laeaDs the grand capital ideas. 
^S^Cf believe the fame fundamental 
didniies— in the fame mediator, 
mH vith the fame kind of faith. 
Tkejf jointly partake of and (hare 
iajribc lame ^^inu Hence, they 
ac aEke affeded towards God and 
Clinft and one another — towards 
in genera] — towards tlie 
_ of this world, and thcfe of 
cft« world to come. They jointly 
yeiiake in the fame graces or fruits 
oT the Spirit, though not all in the 
fine degree. The y have the fame 
cwl ultimately in view — ^the 
fifveme ultimate cbjcd of dedrc, 
hope aodpurfuit. They enjoy the 
ipiritual privileges ard blcf- 

Smpt though in different degrees 

Mdvhhcircumilantial difftienccs. 

They have a joint-participation in 

die ume communion with Gcd 

ad Jefus Chrifl. They have a 

flOBimon intcrefl in the fame Gcd 

aid Father — ^m the fame Lord 

Caed Saviour — in the fame ri^ht- 

Is and atonement, and in the 

eternal falvation. Being 

of the fane body, united 

tdbe lame common head, they 

Me a mutual intcreft in and care 

f one anothti, and can feel for 

id lympathize with one :inothcr in 

jifiwi Sorrow ; and according to 

their fevcral wants and abilitiest 
communicate and impart to one 
another, for their mutual benefit. 

This communion cf ChrifHans 
with one another, appears to be 
comprifed in the communion of the 
Holy Ghoft ; lince it either con- 
fiAs in, or is the natural confe- 
quence of, their joint-participadon 
of the fame Holy Spirit, by whole 
agency they are formed into one 
body, of one hcan and one Ibul, 
under and in union with one con>> 
men head, the Lord Jefus Chrid. 
Blelfed communion ! and hap|iy, 
indeed, in every real fubje(5l ^i it ! 


For the Connecticut £\am- 


Thoughts on. the nature 'and de* 
Jign of the Probation of Sin-' 
ners for Kterni^y. 

THAT mankind are proba- 
tioners for eteinity, is a 
truth abundantly evident from the 
fcriptures — and it is of great im- 
portance that it fhouid be rightly 
ucderftocd and believed. It is ev- 
ident, howtvcr, that many enter- 
tain eircnLuvs notions rJ*pcfticg 
it — notions which arc ir.conHftent 
with the charaftcr cf God, and 
involve a fiiiic idea cf the nature 
of man, and of moral agency. 
It is a matter, therefore, worthy 
cf particular ariention. The fol- 
lowing obfci%»tior.3 are cfi'cred 
widi a dcfign to lit the fubje^ in a 
tiue point cf lighL— a::d a hope 
that they may excite, in the mind 
of the reader, il'mc Jult fenfe of 
tlie folomn and all-important fitua- 
tion of niiinkind while in this pro- 
bationary lluCe. 

Wi)cn it is faid that mankind 
arc probiiticncrs for eternity, it is 
implied thi'.t they arc in a Jiate of 
trial ; and that their condition in 
the future woildis iufpcuded v.^ik 



l^id« of thii tri»]. It itapUet 
ihM ibcy an norW agenlt i uid 
that lift and i^i ar« fet before 
them for their choice— the one or 
^ ctha of which it to be th«ir 
yorcioi^wcaixlingio the ilTae ot' the 
trij, or ^bcprobuionoflheir hearts. 

FiefL Id order to any peiian's 
bcii^ in a fhite of [trobatioa, bC 
lutd be a nuri/ ageai. &m. whu 
ia Bare] ugeacy ^ Oi what ia oe- 
Cc&ry to confHiutc u p^oa a fiee 
suicil agent I A few obfcnatiocs 
iji aoTwci to this (jueHion will tend 
U> elucidate the gcoenl lubjcA. 
Some jtft ideas reipedting fiee 
mot»l agCBcv, iie. neceHary to a 
tight utiderflaodiDg of the Daturc 
and dellga of tbu flats of trial, 
or probanoa, in which roaokind 
tSK placed. 

And ii may be obfervcd that 1^ 
peifbO) to be a free ractal agent 
mud pofl>;fs uKdirjlaniting, lajlr, 
aMdivii/i The uodcrltandiiig, li 

thetiv to put &tTtk fuch ■etUuaifj, 
ini external aShat, as are accord- 
ing, to ttx iScOSon experienced, 
tod ^te the proper txprcnioat of 
the tafft or tereper of our hearu, 
we jrc free rtionl agents ia dt( 
highell ienfeof ibc words. 

The idea which foine have ha^ 
thu in order to qut beiog free mor- 
il a£:;DUt we cnult have a power 
to Jrfiri, wiil, wd "3 cOBlrary to 
our lafit I oj, which n the fame, 
thai we roufi be able to change our 
ffw/j htarti-t or, to /j^/ and thbi^t 
so ubjc>n, at the fame linK ia 
which we have a uUe wholly op* 
poTed to iti is abfurd. No Tuck 
thing is implied in fice moral agen- 
cy. Whoevei fecU the aJiflioH ot 
love or hatred— ^leafure or paia> 
when the diTinc charafler, or any 
thing of a moraJ nature is brought 
uito view ; and whofc vahihiu, or 
cxercifcs of the will, arc cotkC- 
pondeni to thefe aifeftions, ij a 



>ia U^ ibMfieAioa of bw-^ 

tht proper eaopreffions of 

.^d when b]r tfic £d! he bo- 

of B compt tafie— a partial, 

*^ he was mil at 

Aficemonlagent as before. 

ecxodfis trait mil yolnntary, 
ffin aded as he fkafedf or ao- 
to the tafie of his heart. 
It was now compt. 
3^ ftUen Angels alioi arefite 
~ agents ; that is» if we co^ 
^m as finfal, or bhunS^ 
f in theii' ezcrcifes* But 
freedodi have they, except 
of aAug fofanitarily, and ac- 
~ ig to the tafte of their 
r If they, or any creature 
^ ^ iwerto ad othervrifc, or in 
j.^fggmicm to their own natures, 
^■gl^ volitions and external a^oos 
yjirid no longer be confidered as 
JlBC^reifions of the heart. A 
^ '* Kvtng, externally, in total 
e of the divine com- 
wottld not afford any cer- 
of a corrupt tafte ; 
wbdd the moft perfect exter- 
ity be in the ieafi: de- 
isu of a right temper or 
heart. The tree could no 
irngsr be known by its fruit. The 
aUmtly and ^ilfehood of thefe con- 
ft^Miii I i^ifiii I the falfchoodofthe 
dMhuiU or (uppofition from which 

Mcondly. In order to men's 

king in a ftate of probation, they 

fltCnot only be moral agents in 

^^^jitfinie now explained, but life 

:,^riOi/Aafit, good and evily mufl be 

nibefbfc them for their choke i 

d clwtr fiiture (hite and condition 

aAended upon their loving and 

||n^g^ or bating and rejfujing 

mm or the other ; including 

e ofedions and V'olitidns natu- 

toboneded with the& f^aitk 

IL No. i. B 


ditf «&tf and tha falkn' Angels^ 
ate net niond sgents, as has bem 
ofafaved ; butdisyare not^rol»* 
/ionerr. Tbt reaftn is, they are 
not aowr lA a Aate of trkd fer their 
future cottdkioo i or upon which 
their treatment in a fttm ftate is 
..pntatiflue. Botthiiiseleainlto 
a ftate of probation. It iaDtpiies a 
trial of charader, by tho pk-efent- < 
ation of objedsoiF a riMralMSnre, 
in fuch drcumftances as will draw 
forth and exhibit to the viow -of 
creatnres, the taile or SJpffiikm of 
the hearty m ttrdar to djiate ofrcu 

This prokitwn, or trial and pro- 
Ting of hearts, by means of moral 
agency^ or free voRthnp and ac* 
tiontf thro' a particular period of 
time, is not necefTary for the in- 
formation of God-— He fees the 
hearts of all, intuitively, fiutfor 
the information of arertureff it is 
necefTary. In this way only can 
they learn the dependance of crea- 
tures — what they are when the di- 
Tine influer.cs is wfthheld— -w/&a/ 
the evil of Jin », and the implaca- 
ble and incorrigible nature of a fin- 
fill lieart ; fo as to be prepared, to 
the beft advantage, to fee the nght- 
eoufnels, propriety, and beaittyof 
the divine charader and condad in 
the retribution he will make to 
itiankind in their final ftate. 

Further. With refped to «km- 
kindf who have fallen and become 
finners, and are under the proba- 
tion of thegofpel, it is to be ob- 
ferved, that there is fome probabil- 
ity, or reaibn to hope, diat they 
will pafs thro* a change of charac* 
ter, and become of a new aad ho«* 
ly tafte or difpofiti^n : And thus 
become entitled to the future blef- 
fednefs propofed in the gofpel— • 
and be prepared for it. Upon 
/r«/ the beam of all men prove to 
be natnrallj commt, and wfaoDf 
bi Tbr Mr gf Oo&^«Vui:3oi '« i^ 

Oa a_fiatt 9/ fnStien. 


mnrcript of thedivme charaCUi. 
and cJculaied to give the itouul. 
edge of liD, itpnfcDUd to them ! 
But their _/rrt moral agency, or vo- 
litions and a^ioai rdpefling it, 
manitefttfaat iheir hc^uts utap^o- 
kd — yea, that they are enmity 
igainli God — that they are no^ 
lubjsdl to ihc law of Giid, neither 
Adced caa be, without a radical 
:hinge. The gofpct of the grace 
af God is alfo prdcnted, coniain* 
:og ihc free otfrr of paz-don and 
alvation thro' a glorious Mediator, 
with the altirnative of a certain 
ind aggravated dcflniQiDO if ibcy 
aeglcfl fo great fa ~ 

from this alio they 

vcl tlir.(; LiDpUcd in the piubaiitMi 
Iji.i^Ii undfi the gofpel, yii. 
c prcbfcbility that they may b©- 
imc tbe fucj-fls of a change 

of hcan, by the wort! 

jnd fpirit 

of Gcd, at.dbcheirf >-i 


It may be .it.fer?c(l. 

1, that 

the ftatc of pfobjiion 

iiich men 

ha« nndcr the gclpc!. 

,y.b tho& 

who embrace it, and ihoje who 
continue iiii penitent, is'a ftaie ia 
which the means ufed with them, 
and the moral objcfts prefentcd 10 
their view, fervenot only 10 prove 
^ir charaSm, and brirg the n%> 
Tire of their affcAion out to view. 
But I but alfo to Jirengtbrn and incrraft 
vniy, and | that alfefhon ; and thtu prejare 
confcnt excufe them- 1 them moie and more, for thof<:.«p* 
icives, and refiJe a compliance. I pofite flalcs to which the penitent, 
Still, howT:ver, there is fome hope | and impcQiicDit will be afligned. 
jf ih«ra — fome probability that ^^'hen the lain, and the tays of 
:hey may yet be of a taftc or diA the fun f Jl upon a field that is 
;oJition to embrace the gofpcl ; fown, they caufc the feed to fpiing 
lecaufc God waits upon them — up, and profe of what fort it isi 




ittej eDJbfy the (after will thcir 
and VKkednefi increaie, till 
are ripened and " fitted for 


Having foggefted thefe thoughts 
upon tlieiul:^d under coo (idcration, 
k mtkj be proper to add fomething 
diredly infiipport of the idea, 
mankind* in the prefent life 
in bA in fuch a ftate df proba- 
ta bat been defcribed. 
I. That mankind are free mor- 
2 or that they have under- • 
tafte and will, and are 
proper fubjefh of exhor- 
and command, is decidedly 
firom the numerous corn- 
Is and exhortations which are 
to them in the fcriptures, 
are the word of God. It is 
flBient alio from our ownconfcious 
-JlEng and experience. We knuw 
dMt^pa have underdanding, and 
AlKtlKtrmhs of God'swurdy when 
to and realized, excite in 
fleafure or palrii love or 
We know alfo, and are 
that all our volitions ref- 
thefe truths, or any thing 
'a Boral nature, are tlie free out- 
_ of our hearts, or moral 
and difpofition. We cannot 
conceive of any moial a- 
roore perfectly free. 
That the future condition of 
pan ia fiiipendcd upon the prefent 
ftialof their chara^ers, or, that 
tfk mad death are fet before them 
li Ac goipel for their cboice^ is alfo 
from the fcriptures. It is 
in all the invitations, calls 
warnings of the ^ofpel, and is 
ly aflerted in nu3ierous in- 
It is written " whatfoev- 
foweth that (hall he alfo 
■a.** This intimates that the 
vatf is a (eed-:ime for Eternity, 
Ltkat ikKt fHture fate will be a 
Sflf retribution to mankind, in 
■fctbey will be treated accor- 
i» the iflue of their prefent 

probation ; or the'eharafter ' tbty 
, form in this life. 

This is exprefsly taught alfo by; 
Chrift himfelf in the parable of 
the talents. Math. xxr. which rep* 
refents the future Rate of mankindf 
as to happinefs or mifery, x/o be- 
according to their imprdvement of 
the prefent. And toward tlie clofe 
of the fame chapter, it is fct forth 
I in a ftill more plain and literal man- 
i ner, that there (hall bo a general 
' judgment, in which the chara^ers 
of all, as formed and proved in this 
life, (hall be brought out to view« 
And that all who by theirfree mor- 
al agency in their treatment of 
Chrill and his caufei have maai* 
feded thcmfelves his enemies, and 
arc proved to be of a ufte and dii^ 
pofition failed to be companions 
widi fallen apoflate beings, (hall be 
fentcncccl to " depart accurfcd in* 
to cvcrlafling fire, prepared for the 
devil and his angels/^ But that 
the righteous thofc who have fub- 
mitted to Chrifl, and are proved 
to be his friends, (hallenter into Hfcy 
and *< inherit the kingdom prepared 
for them from the foundation of the 

Thisfubjoi5i,inthc light in which 
it has now been conlldercd, brin^is 
into view, and confirms the follow- 
ing particular, and very pradical 
and important truths. 

I . She nccejfity of a regeneration 
of th: btaris of Jinnersj in order to. 
their anhracinjr the ^ofpel ; ami the 

c'^flfift''^^y f]f ^^^ do&ritte. 

If mankind are moral agents, 
and are univerfally of a corrupt 
depraved t:i(le or difpoGtion, as is 
alFerted in the fcriptures ; then it 
is evident that there mud be a 
change of t;i(te, or they will never 
have any h^«iy alTcdion, or love to 
God -ind tlie Savior, nor any holy 
or virtuou<; volitiuns and actions in 
the fight of God. It is n^cef&c^^ 
not only tlut tUe/ced of the word 

bcnlgii' dinuinKsct of clic 
ie ntn. wA «ol tSamgt 

iMKCBf wncuNT gpoa or 
dvtfeot it tt inth tc^mA 

IIWlll * wKQ HUB HBBCrlf 

^^oftdt *flidinMBt«fe 
^jttt^ iM feck. (». 

j'ttnoDDD sBii Ri inmit 
JT vcA^lF III vtanOiT lltt||fC| 
ilytWMilnAt tulc* Bdt 
jwttf Dothitig fluMt of a 
Unge «f heart or tafte/ or 

UfB l^plf » Will CRCCC 
\ BRDg ttMll to a COID|HI» 

idK'golpiS. Aotf tl|b is 
totaoapKflf loe or AJIinib 
Aloa^Le thefrtvgood or its 

vol DC 9(MW1^ A A#M\#f 

8DIB Btt 4BH0Hta OBH 

of tficir condiitt to 
er. And when th 
a Mlow creatare ii 
thty trcstt God anc 
iOTf tlieyareread} 
onBMHU and vuCf 
retnbiitioo of oviL 
CQAdcRincd oy tMl 
dnftand outof A 
and niiriit jnftly b 
mediatdv, tts<* ci 
graiiML'' And C 
apon McnitaadccM 
alia gracious iim 
whik thejr eoodi 
XBKa ncansy ana 
iff Evinces his lon{ 
nefi» andhysafoi 
(import of his cha 
dnphy of his mer 
m the great dedfi^ 
if not petorey eve 
hXk refuge of fi 
away— rrcr 



Om-tfu J>iirm tf- Qoi. 


God, who ii able to Iromble and 
ftotw Uieirhcaitiy and thus cany 
ovhts own work* The Lord is 
■deed carrying on his work, and 
till continue to carry it on, fay 
fanBgiBg finners into his kingdom, 
ieaUng them by his Holy Spir- 

Same thoughts on the doSriw ^ 
the divine decrees. 

WE confiantly find that per- 
fons who appear to be 
fuitably awakened and humbled* 
have ever been ready to own and 
i^ Onto the day of redemption. I proiefs their belief of, and fubjec- 
Bot with rtfpe^ to any individuals ' tion to the truth of this do&ine ; 
«to ore ftill impenitent, wc know 1 although before they oppofed, and 
OtI whether God will difplay his ! quarreUed with it : Which ms- 

Cc in their repentance and falva- i thinks, ought to be confidered in 
t 4>r glonfy his ju(Hce in their { favour of it ; and indeed^ it is 
llAniAioii— -giving them over to i difficult for me to have concept 
€0 eat of the fruit of their ' tioc3, which I can think to be 
way aod be filled with their I any ways juft> of a being of in- 
But this is ctTtain, | finite knowledge, power and ibve^ 
truth which ought to link ; rc«gnty, without conceiving of that 
the mind of every im}>en- 1 Being, as having fixed purpofest 
fitmery that unlefs he is bro't ' rcfpeding things pertainiug to thji^ 
ck the Lord in earneil, and univsrial dominion, whidi he doth 
ilirik a renewed huinblc* he irt he eMcrcife ever the whole creacioA 
feriih. A confideration of which he hath made. 
things, and of the flioitnefs i But I here fpeak more psrticu- 
ancotainty of life, ought to larly of the div'ine decrees refpec- 
and alarm the thou^^htlcfs i tm^ his creature man, which if it 
9 and ex cits: the childrci; ; be .i fcripture doctrine, and truth| 
God to diligence and to a care- \ is, by us to bt: believed and pro- 
examination of their i Utc. . fc (Ted ; notwithilandiDgdilEailtics 
, at farthell, the day of death i which are tJirown in the way. 
arrit'e, and lUe awful il.iy of There is a^Mcit diff:rcnce between 
ent nnd fincil rciiiburi()n, ' niaiiaging it with necei&ry pru* 
crery one will receive; ucoor- ' dencc, a^ it ovc;l:t to be, both by 



to the: deeds done in 

the chavader formed while 
in this life. There, he that 


nuniit.'r.i, a'.u private chtidians, 

and piotUT.. :J'y renour.ring, and 

difc?.rr!injT it ; whirh, if a fcrip- 

Jifilriiy will be fithy fliil, ijnd he | ture d^cliinc, ruy not be dorse 

wld.uut 11 ••10(1 ftii, and danger. 
r.-tlea-iL ci lliC r.ia;iy j--.n:es in fcrip- 
ture I ? !i^;«t aliyjj^e 'u\ yicof of 
rhi;' 'luv^trin':, 1 f}- lii r.H liUf-n crly 
th." l-.''.)\\lr.!^ one?., v.hirh appiai 
to me v.Ml'c!c:n, Ir: iluit j-urnofe ; 
iTh.iV. i. 4. '• 3-. noting biLthrcn 
youi ilefiioj^ lT GchJ." Ron", 
viii. ; ?. '^ Vv lie \\u[] Jay any 
thing t • the el:'ai;;e rf (rOi!*:. 
clec: r' 2 'iheif. li. 1;. *' ivit 

hely viH he holy ilili. 
will be no more faerinec i^r 
Cb» nor hope, to tLe \viL'k(.(i, of 
deKrcraiice from \vra:h. ]\'ir as 
1^ gift of God to tPe heirs of tijo 
ife, thro' Chiif^ is " ti.i- 
life," fo " the v^apes of Hh" 
proper ivu^es which thv.^ iiiipcii- 
ill recewe, is </^r?.'!'— trcr- 
death. — ^" O that thev w€ie 
tbat thev underduod this, 
dicy would <cvf:c!tr their lat- 



wc are bjur.d to pivc thi nlis .Jw.ivs 


unto God, for y< u, U\':\\\\v.t\, V>- 
cauie God hath hor.\ v\kv.Vwvv\^.^ 

Oh SxLil Werfitp. 


clioftn you unta falratioo, thio' ' 
finftification of the rpirit, and be- 
lief of the tmth." 1 Pet. i. z. 
" EleC, iccordiiig to the fore- 
knauleiige of GckI, the lather, 
through rioflificatioB of the Spirit 
unto obedience, and fprinkling of 
ihii Uood of Chriil ; grace uato 
you, and peace be multigilied." 
a Pet. i. lO. " AVlierefore the 
rather brethren, give diligence to 
nuke your cilling and eleflion 
fure." If this do.'hine, were 
sa:a true fcripture duClriite why 
Rio uld the dpu file exhort Chiiftians, 
to life diligGdCe to mike their elec- 
tion fare to tlicmfelves ? 

And how ate they to make it 
fure ! Not by looking into the 
book of God's eternal decrees ; 
b* by making it fure to thentfc]\-cs 
that iliey are effefluaJly called ; for 
the cicfl of God, ate fandlificd 
by ttie SpittC), and 
do exercilc f.iiih iu Chrift, and his 

com prehen fire idea of prayer and 
praile offered up by a worlhippioy 
affembly j which geneial idea in* , 
cludec all the fcTcn! parts of lo> 
cial worfliip, however waned ia ' 
form. — Ii is now propcJed to con- i 
fidcr the fubjefl in a more limitcdi ' 
tho' not Icli interelting point of 

I In addition to the faculty ot 
Ipeeeh which God hath bellowed' 
on man, a« a medium of coniniuo- 
ion with each other, and with bim- 
, felf ; he hath even reSned upoa 
his own bounty in the giii of Mu- 
fic. This he hath appointed as a 
I TDcin of the fobUnell exerdfes of 
j devotion ; feemingly with fpecij 
I deGgn, that the praifeaof his milt. 
I tant church (houldhavc the ntarel) 
I poffible approKimation lo ihe fpir. 
itual and te&ned woifliip of the 
■ Church triumphant. Thro' the 
influence of muCc our very fenfes 
become as it were hand maidens 


On SoaJ lITinfilf. ' 


in which* we bcjiold 

objeAy and by wluch 

the cztemal fplendcr of the 

ID i^ory is reprefcnted ; I 

a pire and perfed white. 

k leeins» that in point of com- 

~ ig plcafurahie fenfations 

die mindl, the combination of 

&Us ihoR of the harmoni- 

coi&cidence of (bunds in mu- 

; DOT can we wonder> when 

oonfider, that the latter is a 

fpedally inAituted by God 

9 to excite the . hoKr affec- 

his people to the (ublimefl 

of devotion and praifc. 

dns point of Tiewt that fol- 

iDJnndion of the Apoftle 

pertinently to our aid.' 

fJIOid mtb the Spirit ; JPeak- 

li yourfelvet in Pfalms^ and 

r^ and Sphriiual Songs j Jtng- 

~ mtaiing melody in your hearts 

Lord. (£ph. ▼. 19, 20.) 

purfuiog this fubjedl, kt 

pafTageofinfpiration for 

In it we find full evi- 

of the divine ionitution of 

ly, or the exercifc of vo- 

■lafic in foci4l worfhip ; inti- 

re^^ing the nature and 

of the duty, with fpecial di- 

fbr the right pcribrmance 

k. That Pfalmody, or ihc 

worihip of God by vocal 

is a duty of divine inilitution, 

I at fuch has been pra^ifcd by 

people of God in every age of 

Churchy is a point, I ihall 

r endeavour to eilabli(h. In a 

number, will be conGdercd 

in which the duty is to 

fcrfbrnaed agreeably to the di- 

\mm of our facred guide, and 

e gtneral inflru^ons of fcrip- 


fa why attempt to eftablifk the 

■einftitution of Pfalmody, it 

lerbaps be aikcd,a point, coii- 

which, the mind of every 

M icripture reader^ aiinot / 

entertain a doubt ?— True, nor do 
I affedt to confider it in any other 
light. It is not for fpeculative ar- 
gumentation, but for pra^ical im- 
provement, that I would hold up 
the idea as a fubjed uf furmul trea- 
tife. It is from a deiirc that this 
truth may be more deeply realized 
under the folemn impreiEon of di- 
vine authority, that our obligation 
to the duty might bemore generally 
and fenfibly felt ; and the duty it*^ 
felf attended upon with ferioumeis 
and folemnity, in the fear and love 
of God, with a view to his glo- 
r\', from a priuciple of obedience 
to his authority, and with a faitli 
in the divine injunAion and accep- 
tance of the duty. Without thcfe 
views, all our a6s of viGble an4 
pretended worOiip, however de^ 
voudy performed, are but ^'ill- wor- 
fhip ; and that rolcmnqueftionfrom 
the word of God hcaid and renlU 
zed by confcicnce, *svho hath n* 
quired this at your hand, mufl flrike 
us dumb in the midfl of our pre- 
fumpticn, and cover us with con- 
fufion and fhame. 

How many duties of revealed 
religion arc there, of the mofl 
plain and pofitive injunt^tioD, which 
wc formally and habitually dif^ 
charge without any fenfe cf, or 
rclj^eift to the divine authority ! 
The following qucdions, put home 
to our confcicnccsy will help us to 
a convidtlon of the truth of this 
reflection, /« all my conduct, do I 
aB frcm a principle cf obedience to 

In whatever affion I am no*iv a* 
bout to en{>aj^Cf am /going to do it, 
li'CJufe God ccmmc.nds me to do It ? 
This exercifc wol Id be calculated 
toconvinc'j uc of our extreme alien- 
ation of heart frv^n the life and 
fervicL* of Cod, that we hold the 
truth in ur.ri^^iitcoufnefs ; ar.J iliat 
in many, il not in all ov.r rui^\ou% 
duties, vc lv.iYc but tht lortn vaV. 

0» forW JTtr^if. 


Mt the power of godliaefs. And 
Xun induced to thiak ih-a there 
is 00 one duty of the religious life, 
in which nunkindi and even chhf- 
titn profciTors tbcmrdvea, are fo 
effentially deEcieni, which they 
perfomwidi fo little confcieniiouf- 
aelsi aad fo feeble a refpcA to the 
diTine authority, as the dut^ of 
Aoffog God's pTiifcs in the fociul 
WwOiip of the family, and the cod- 

■"^gaiiofl. While our ears ire 
charmed with the mufic, how of- 
' ten tie our hearts untouohed with 
the fentiment, and even frozen 
whb Knbelief ^ How flrange, and 
waccououdile this if true ! That 
is that exercile of dt 
Beaicll akin to the heavenly 

C^lhtp, we ftould be 
Antid and daU ! Mui) it not 
tiecaufc we are in fo great meafi 
carnal, and dtftituw of the 

andiority of the Old, the wbol 
book of Ffalmi might be adducod 
• " O come let us ^ag unto di 
Lord, let us make a joytiil kUi 
to the rock of our falvation. 
ut cotne before hii pr^fenc 
thankfgiving, and make 9 
noifeunojhimwitb^/u/m/. f'SqUi 
tlie Lord with gladocfi, com« H 
(ore his prefcnce with Ji'^'V^ 
And ia an extacyof devoooa tti 
Pfalmift cekbiates the gloiitnuw 
cenfionofonr Redeemer ; J "C 
IE gone up with a (how, the T 
with the found of a c 
Sing pra,/^. 10 GcJ, f,^^ X , 
Smgpraifci mtooai Imgjingft 
ti, for God is the king of a ' 
tanhiJJng ye ftaifci wilh I 

David was himfelf, noi ( 
an infpired prophet aod tcacfe 
but a divine p 


Thoughts on ycknm. i6. 


ipadc infbuttcntal of this important 
i^ryice to the Church of furni/hing 
ihft patton and fiibjedt of pfalmody 

V all after ages. His writings, with 
all the poetical paraphrafes upon 
them are diftinguiihed by the title 
of Pfidnu. Other vcrfincations 

'||Nni (acred fubjcds are called 
\pttMs andJpWituaifon^s* The ufe 

V aU which is divinely comman- 
' (peaking to yourfelves in 

Aw, and hymrs and ffmtual 

y God hath ever had a church in 
fc ivbrld. And we have rcafon 
V'l^cve that ever fince the com- 
lent of (bcial worfhip in 
r world, God's praifes have 
jmblicly celebrated in facrcd 
Of this we hive ccr- 

C evidence, as far back as from 
tone of IfricPs deliver unce 

SU E|3rpt— when u]>on the cad- 
'Bore of th 

m'M^ k, 

he Red Sea, the 

'#h% congregation celebrated, in 

ditlbng of Moios, iKciv wonJcr- 

M deliverance and the delli action 

Cf their enemies. And peibnps 

' we have rcafon tobclIc\'c» notwith- 

* biding the filcncc of the Scrip - 

' ues« that cvoii fiom tlic time of 

the wonder — their harps were veady 
ftrung, and in notes of fwceteff 
melody warbled that nienioniblr 
anthem of praife, " Glory to God 
in the highcit, on earth pccci^ if^'-^^ 
will towardb men." 

(To be ccr.tlnucJ,) 

• Joha] the gmndlon K}i MeilvoiiJ. 
**vlio was ths. iirll invLator of nvafi- 
' edinfbamcnts, jrid the tath-.r of 
' aBfiich as hindl;: the luip Ar.d ur- 
IpOff mufiw been cultivated; not 

Sas a poiitc a:c, b.t as a mode 
cial worlhij), In fine, [ffalm- 
adyis therxerelfj wnd woilliip of 
Heaven, and ♦■i-:eisiu:l fo iTiuch 

Thoughts f-i^S'fi'i hy I John ii:. 
16. " Hereby pirCslui cur the 
love o/God^ bccauphc Icuddown 
his life for us /'' 

WHILE we read this pr»f- 
fage, we are led to in- 
quire, Wlutcaa be meant by Gcd's 
hying down his Up P and fcccudy 
What CO-: Id be thcdcfi^n cf fuch 
a wonderful event ? 

I. Whatcan bcmcantbvGcd'a 
laying dowii his hfc ? This cannot 
mean thai Jehovah, the gica: k?A 
in do j^Ciu-iw::t G.:d c\er ec^icJ 10 
cxill ; ortht*. J,j ckzvzAj ■*t h::. 
.//^.7?f ciM:'jiitc>i v..;5 cv«r i»;r ;.f::i- 
^ic mnr.p-:: t* .j.::ici:i. To \'t- 
p:fe tnis would be aliuid and I!..'. 
p.ieniCuS ID the 'jigh-.,-! dcguc : 

Til ■• • 

wi;at; he mc.iT-.r r/ G li't .'j- 
:r^ ikzcr: I..: :if: ': c 'i-jly, t-.> I'-y 
down oiic's life ;> ;o dl^. I'.;.- 
v/e Oiiill li^t cijr.-tc : but ihc-li c*- 
deavor fj IL v.- in v:\\<\ \t'.v^ C-:-'i 
'lied. Il ni..-/ Li- o>:?;^d b ; the 
uc*th of a nwn. V. e {ity i.".h a 
iiirtH died iKi'i nlvlii. <■■: \t\\ v, 

Is the VM^T\ dc id ; i\.>^ VOu .vt V, 

ili 7nar, Is dcid, \\\.i ^\i>x is a 
of heaven c.-ie.ii-.h, us there is cf j :ni.n ? Ail heli?:v.v.-i, i- divine v-v- 

tbttru<s fbtiii \A pUlr:.ody. 



Lia:i';n a:\: rrc'.dvio Aniv*er — ^. in 


God':, v/orhs bo-.h «jf cr''-.t:jn is a rr.^i'jr.a; crck'.uio, iiaying »tn 

L iMether, and all the fori? of God 
■OBted fo: joy ;" but when God 

* Wcared in faihic-n as a man, J.I 
^CftVcncancdo'vVQ to carih :o -viiw 
Vpi'. II. Ni?. /. 

itandaid of 'die mKii." It is nh is 
that rkiies hira ab.;vo the bcaP:s, 
?.nd ma/iis him ?.kin to angels. 
Ve: when you. (ay o£ Gi^Vv ^ xaaxk. 

Ttcuihti m Jthti vi. 16, 


«i h(^ is de«d, you do doe mria ' 
21 hij Immcrlal, \. (, %ndyit^ foul 

deid — Ctrlainly Dot % for in 
icb a H'ofe a> ihli. no man die^. 
ou mevi theiii when you f^y that 
ch a mac is dead, that ht, io 
s mOTtci, or dyingparl, h dtad. 
7'c fay Abrahim, Ifiac and Ji- 
)b are dead ; but Chrift taugh: us 
hat their fouls w'ere yet a]ire acd 
I heaven. A rna-n i^a; (ws itd- 

uar.imal andratioDal, ; yet but 
ntbrr/an : So that the icio/iriTian 
s (aid to fuffer what is fuiFered in 
iiher of the ratniti, of which he 
! poffdTed. Hence it is that man 

at one time, called Mior/n/, and, 

mother time, inmorlal, Mao 
1 marta!, bccaufe bh bidj diet and 
QOuidels to dull — man is imiiBrlal 

Ciufe lu/uul never dift, but will 
ndure fortver. 

This may feWe to help us un- 
erffand what is meinc by Gad'i 
lying dovin hit lifr. He died as 

with propriKy, be faid, ih« /m\ 
dead. Yet when thu body, which 
is peTfocally vnited with my im> 
mortil fpiri'., dies, I ftiJ! be truly 
dead- In a high and importaitt 
fecfe, all things in the uniTetfeaie- 
God's. All bodies, whether of 
men or of beafls are his ; yet ia a 
higher end quite diifetcnt len&a 
the ijod;r of Jefn Chrifl, was the 
body ot Gnd. All the men and 
' beiits in the vorld might die ; yet 
there would be bo propriety in (ly- 
bg, thca Gad had laid davjm bit 
li/c. The blood of all the fccnfif 
en aoder the law was oothiw 
more than li: Hood bJ 6i.Hi <a3 
^aU S but iKc blood of the CTO^ 
was traty iSe Hcod of Cod ; Jpi 
Am XX. a8. 

We are in the next [.lace led M 
inquire, what was the dclign of 
this wonderful affiiir ? Why dU 
ibe grcr;t Jehorah ever affliitic » 
human foul and body into pcrfongl 


Thov^htfon 'John Bi. 1 6: 


dUf ftficrtketaidlefi pilns pf- ^ell. 
mit wbcic could an infinite facri- 
flte bcfbmid ? No where in crea- 
Tbc fife of God mud be laid 
or iiDners coold not live. 

Bttt here a difficulty throws it- 
filf fiito view. Though it was 
God* who laid downliis life for 
M^ yet it was nothing but his hu- 
mortaJ part, which fufTcrcd ; 
how could this make an infi- 
atonement ? 

Tlus has been a great dil^iculty 
nuod towards underfhnd- 
%m • Ae immeofity of the atone- 
|talE» «r that infinite honor done 
ilVie penalty of the divine law, 
%| the Mknn^ of ChrifL Per- 
l^il Somt other weak difciplcs 
lAw be perplexed with the uriK' 
flncnltr. I fed bound, txure- 
IblCk if God has given mc any 
^jj^^'td impart it to my weak 
lidhreii ; for I do. not cxpc6l» 
l^tfak piece, that I am going to 
lid any thing to the knowledge of 
4c fithers in Chrift. 

When a. man dies, tliOugL nodi- 
1^ fast his mortal pirtpcrifhcs, yet 
we risw it as fom-^thing more 
^ death of a mere a:umal. Noih- 
hig bat the animal pr;:t is dead ; 
|ait is a part of rirf-:, a m:o. -il 
Creature and (irl^f Gci'j vvcvr.- 
below. Hence the c;:n;? of kll- 
Big a man, thoupi :>j:hir:^ hc.'i hi:. 
aaunal part is d;:i!royi:.i, is 
ia'comparifitn with th^: crime of 
kSKng a mere ::r*!nial. " Wh jib 
lieddeth man's blood, by mm thiil 

mains of men, 'U'hilelthe eareafles 
of thofc creatures, which arc mere 
animals, we expofe to be eaten up 
by dogs, wild beafls and birds of 
prey. If our fellow men die in 
the woodr. or in the water, where 
their bodies ai c expofed to be ea- 
ten up by thefe animal;, we take 
great pains to fearch after them, 
that we may give them the honors 
of fcpulturc. And, no doubts 
this is fuitable and proper. Now, 
if we view our bodies more pre- 
cious and refpeflable than tlie car- 
ca/Tes of animals, becaufe they 
have been, and are again to be con- 
nedlcd with rcafonable and immor- 
tal houls, how precious and hon- 
orable muft the body of Chrift ap- 
pear, which WrS rc'.lly :iiid truly 
united to the Godhead ? It is re- 
united, and will continue in ptr- 
(imai urion with the great Jeho- 
vah to ull eternity ! 

Another tiling, which will tend 
to illultratcthe fubjed is this : We 
inter with more rcfpetfltli^? remains 
of a man cmiiu:ntly great and ufe- 
fal, til an v.c do thf* r;:mains of an 
orjIi.are meicber cf 'he coinniuni- 
ty ■ Th ou gh fu n c -:?. '.pomp i ; often 
mirjtlaccd, by being glvevitoihe inft:.:dof the tnily gr<::it ar.d 
excellent j yet thrrc is. no doubt, 
a propriety in niakir^g a dillbrcncc 

m our trcatmenr, r.:;tcri]v cr 




liV;:;^, hut cf tlje.d'.ad. J: v/^r. 
/rcircr t'.it TciiPh ^r.d oiii'jr p -cd 
klnpin juduh fiir-Ja bj bvri.d iii 
the chicfeft lepulc .r;-; of their 


Ut Uood be ihed : for in tlie i^.- ' fiirh.rci and tliir i'^ ■?!«.• fhoulc* be a 

^of Gcdmadc he man." The r^cdL niourr-'u;.', .. uncral, 

ifca of many heafis are taken to 

fiteort the life of one mar.^ ar.i 

Aai his anim al life too. B v.*. v/l i *. 

irtheanxnul life ot: man in.i ie lo 

Mchacconntof ? 1: is uvidcntly 

lecauie it is perfonaliy nnd invl- 

^tfbAy joined to a mtional i'jui. 

kit on this accaix:, we treat with 

fiH le^dt the moJderin^ rt 

rn:dL niourf'.D'J .. i.v. ir luncr; 
while iz'Ttc v.i li'-j ni !;!.d_ 
::Gu5 ki'j^? ul Ji.- .i '..,i'l tlie L^ri- 
al of V !.. ;. '.\:v f^."«;l hris 
l.frri.e bjdy, v..:."L : ..-.ains Iti •v.u 
light of ci f ':o.^ rirt.- is ro better 
than v/h;it itni.ii:.L> c 1 a wi-rlccd 
man, neither i.= it n.'«4;.,ii. ilii^. f'i'.r:, 
anv better tlian a bcj.ll : fov a^I 
moulder back to dwft. \'v. "vs tixv 

Rmartt on ExfUet x. 9 — T>. 


therefore, th« we do, in 
ome meafure, appreciWE, or nl- 
le the body, in proportion to the 
edtncls and goodnelk of the im- 
astai inhabitant, which doe;, 
which has, or which will relide b 
. Egsin. We view tie min, foul 
nd body, in iiieha fenfe, one, 
hat we attach and trassfer the 
ijgnity and excellency of the foul 
the body. In thi^ view, what 
ifinitc dig»ity muff be siiached to 
ha: body, which the infinitely glo- 
iovs God has been plcafcd to tate 
i.i an iocomj>fehetifib!y near re- 
inn to himfdf. fj ai to call it his 
n body, and the bload poured 
m it his own blood ! It is no 
mder that this blocdis called the 
rioas bloodof ChriO. 
Il is rrdcoiicd by us a much 
p-eater ibiog to fuffer in our petfon 
in our eiwte. The uking a- 
vay life is the greaieft punifhment, 
«h.chmen inflift. " All ihlta 

upon it. And this ts whit it ne- 
ceiTary to conftirute an atonement 
infinite. Though the Divinity it- 
felf did not fuffcr (for this wa» 
iropoffible) yet it was the gicateft 
facrifice, which God couM make 
to give up to fueh bitter fuffetings, 
Ihame and reproach the man ChtUl 
Jefus, whoiD he had taken into an 
incomprehcnftbly near and fwee* 
conoe^ioD with himfelf, even fo 
Dear, as to be a part of hJTr&lf, 
h that ill bbod fhould be Go^i 
Hood, and til dying be called Goft 
I lojt'B; dmun hii I'fe. 
i Let the fe thotights be purfiieilt 
I and we (hall difeovcr the infinite 
I greatnefs of the atonement, made 
I by the fuffcrings of the Son of 
I God. We (hall fee. that bj- this 
I propitiation, the lighteoufnefs of 
I God is fo fully declared, that he 
now be ju(l, wliilc hej'iltificth 
, who belicveth in Jefus, 
There is forgivenefs with GoJ, be- 


RemarlMdu Xvdidx. 8«»ia. 


mtiitrr the hud Iwhtd^ thejfoU ' They had the form of a mam*t 
fi9Md it ; ttey t^mtd noi oj they hand updcr their wings, which maf 
jiad ibeir 'whole bcdy^ and ; denote ilieir preparcdnefs to do 

God's will. They have hands to 

do their work : and probably to 
Cgnify that their manner of work- 
ing is facred, their hands are hid 
ufjder their wings. 

In the vifion, there are four 
chcnibimsy and four wheels ; a 
Wihcd by each cherub. The col- 
our of the wheels, was that of a 
bcryl-ftonc, i.e. a lively fea green ; 
which mav denote the apparent in- 

iaeiff end their bands j and 
nnt^tt ond the wheels wet e 
fiJl wf eyes round aboutf even the 
'ntimii that they four had** 

£\ the firft chap, the Prophet 
relates a remarkable viHon 
:h he had in E«b)-!on in tlie 
fifth .year of Jehoiachln's c:iptivity. 
And ^ain in this chap. he. gives 
•n account of feeing the icxnc vif- 
kiln.— —Here we may obfcrve, that 

.i , ,, .-- ' . liability of ail human affairs. The 

thii nunarlub e v.fion, was but a ^^^^,/ ^^^^ ^„ ^^^^ ^^^^^ . ^„j 

«&a. thoush a very i^fftaing ana ^f , ^^^.^kabb worknianftip ; as 
^^bnaive one. And tor a right j,- ^ ^,^^j ,.^j ^^^^ j„ ^j,^ ^^^f^ 

i«""7' "«""y ':',"=, *' '.--." 1 1--M »»..-> vm.s, wc (ct 10 run north 

Jeangels whoml,odc:Yey-'n',.r fou-i,, ...-.d the other wft or 
jbadmiDiftrauon of the atirr; cf ^.^,, . .„ ,,, _, ..^, ^.^^j,^ ^^ ^^,j 

■■ providence. ^, chcrulvhir were r:rady to run any 

way viilimt ta'.ning. In the !0 
and II voitls, it is fdt*, " ^3 for 
ilit'ir np|i..« i:.s:c, ihcy fjv.T had 
one likclJv'^. us If a wheel had 
bcwnin:!... uiidil ofa wh^^cl ; wh:n 
. ^^ thev wir.i, thi*y went upon their 

*?;' , - , fiurliiit>; tli?%' lurneJnot a:-; they 

Each one nis f«»ur *.u:cs, one - 

bokiiig to cvciv qiKiitoi. Tins 

mayfignify their iitnct- to v. itch, 

^nd do what Ood rc*(|u.rc^ ol ilum 

m all occaHuus : tluir fitii.-:i-; to 

Thefc are rcprcfjnffl, r^r. h;:v- 

aeichftfurv.ings. \Vi;h»woof 
kvin|»s thuv ilif' fl.» ^r.^l wlrh 
tiio cover ihcir ho vi i z'^. 'I >. ' ;^ ir. i. y 
denote tlic icv.r..r.:^ ( 


Bed:, and ih- ir t.:Mr<. t'L.iiencc 

went, burto the i-klacc whither tJ v» 
ho.icl iv.vk«.o, tlicy fjllDwcd i: ; 
ihtV tiir;A J r.ot as thc^• went." 

In :hi- viiion, this leeras to be a 
repukr.t.uior. j! :;:i' chariot f^i 

~ " h 


full of cvv... " Ard their vvhor 

SeeoT al.c-.i. uenouaj. ;hc.< d-.i;- ^ . ^ ^.,j .,,^;.. ,..,,..^ ,., ; y.,;^ 
■ijaad ftrcnjith : I :..*,,.•>: .-.t aa h,^,.,. ^nj ^Uir *ir,> and -J-.: 
«, o.x v;:.:i;c.- ..::d ,.,j,et.i, ^vu- lu.'. ot cvc» ...;;;,.: i- 

i^Hwng the aa.!v.-.t:s c. t-''^ j; j^ h„d." 

Jtipn ot d,:.:c.-r.:,i .v.:. ;i.-.d cc- : ^_,^, ,.,^.,. 
jfih|.inj)erioi:Kir.gth.divwc v.:!. ; j;^,;^^ 


1 .« 

ri t>..' 

g oi caiu; V. «,; >. . . :i ^j •..-.. . \^- -', vt. 

Rrmari.- mi ExtMel K. ft— rt. 


(he wli?*U. Both moved and 
went together ; u»l with the grcat- 
cA fwiftoeTa : Thry ran anJ rehirn- 

Id Older to give ft juil Tiew of 
this villon, it may be obferred, 

I. That God ufcs the miniliry 
of xngeU la the admioilhation of 
the aSiira of providence. Their 
miniliry is inviuble to ui ; but is 
oernrthclefG teal< important and 
nece(&Ty. God is repr^fentcd u 
litting upon a thtone, and govern- 
ing the woild by means of ao- 
j^eis i or tiding in the chariot of 
date, attended by angelt fwift lo 
do his will, mnd fulfil his plcaiiue. 
Hence ray9ihe}}raiinill,'*Blels the 
Xxird, ye his aogeb, thu do hu 
com mandments .' ' 

The angels are miiiiUering fpir- 
its to the people of God ; SaU 
jerlhf Btimjlerfar them •a.-ba Ihttll 
ie heiri of fiihal,i>n.~~Th.e affairs 
ci' divin: providci 

It is the comfon and rcjoidnf 
oi fail people, that all things aiV 
under the dire^oD of on infinit*' 
ly wile, mighty, jull, holy, fOif^ 
crful, good and iuithfd beingf 
that being who has ever Ihewn hiidw 
felf a friend to 'he righteoos, UmAt 
guardian and proteflor ; and b4 
avenged them on thr wicked, • 

Though we cannot fee A* 
wheels, nor how they move, yd 
the fpirit of the living crcatort H 
in them, and they h;ive eyeiS 
Their motions are all f-uidcd by >« 
intelligent agent. They are aM 
under the dircfHon of an atl-wiA 
being. * 

4- The manner of providenc^ 
and the methods which God nlHH 
thMgh efieaual, to bring abotiC 
his own purpofiis, are myfterioW 
to ut } a wheel in the middle of ■ 
wheel. As It is diHicult to «ff 
plain the vilion ; and particularly 
the worknimfhip of the whrel> jj 




___ t ^hfOfiA it ieemed to op- 
jUibo6f9 fSSOmg hit promife 
||i ffwe die land of Canasui) 
the. •children of Ifiael ; yet 
pomoted Crod's defign. 
himfelf honor upon Pha- 
aad the Egyptians ; and 

Wt eat Us people with a high 
■ad an ontpfiretched arm. 
Ibe toaliee and wickednefs of men 
^poiri mini by God for the pro- 
^ttiam of his own ^ory and his 
fHfle'sgood* God bnngs great 

root of evil. Thus in the 
of our SaTiov's crucifixion 
SeeAdsii. 23. <'Hun 
^ddxveredby the determinate 
[Wtfbl and foreknowledge of 
%i^- f^ hA^ takeov and by 
^ lIlkHl hands have cniciiied and 

tff God can eafily change aflairs 
lupajilepcey and move the wheels 
m againft his people. The 
i-are fi> framed as to run any 
Wg I aad they move eafily and 
^■offiy as the cherubims are dif- 
pAd ; for the fpirit of the living 
OMmc is in the wheels : And 
Aecfaerabims are ready to cbcy 
Cpd's orders, and fulfil > his plcaf- 
■Si God can with infinite eafe 
fpric fiivation for his pcopIe> let 
tf appearances of things be ever 
h dark and difficult. We have 
inftances of this in (crip- 
Once when the Ifraelites 
at the Red Sea. Another 
Gideon with three hundred 
defeated a large hoft of Midi- 
Another when Sennache- 
d!^ befitged I ^frufalem with a great 
hofl. strA til. aiioel of the Lord 
an, eighty and five 
of chem in one night. 
'.When the church is in dilhef:;, 
i|ad works i'aiv.iiioo many times 
% JB C g pefitd w«ys ; ufcs the vi- 
Wmftrumtui:s co piomote his tic 
,mid bnng good to his people. 
Itpnii helped the womaur 

Sometimes God makes ufe of 
infhnsments to promote the good 
of his people, who defign the con- 
trary ; thus in the inftance of lii- 
man and others. 

Let us acknowledge God as 
the fovereign ruler of the univerfe ; 
and be fenfible that the wheels <it' 
providence are under his diredion. 
He can fend his angels to proteft 
his people in times of grcateS 
trouble. If God be for them who 
can be againfl them ? In vain will 
be all the attempts of earth and 
hell againd his cluldrcn. 

Therefore let us labor for tran- 
quillity under all the di^nfacions 
of providence. What more prop- 
er to produce and maintain fuch a 
ftate of mind 9 than a confedera- 
tion "that God rules, and thattlic 
wheels are full of eyes, and gui- 
ded by him ; do rot move but 
by his order or permiffion. InfH 
nite wifdom prtlides. Sii})rcnie 
power, joined with infinite wifdom 
and benevolence conducts all ih(i 
affairs of the univerfe. 

Let us commit ourfelver, and 
all our concerns to God by faith 
and prayer. The con ficit ration 
th;At the wheels and liviiig creatures 
are all mi-Jer his diiect'on, is an 
cncour.igement to f:uJi, priiycr, 
and trull in iiinu 

The vifion will come in its tinje, 
and will nut tarry ; wait for it. 
God never fails thofc v/h'j fc'j?>. 
him^ trufl in him, and wai: for him. 


Jfn acroi:nt nf a luot h of divine 
,,^f cicr in a nvival of * elision in 
the i'.'icn of pLisiouTH, oiate of 
l.uu'.ecticutt :n thrycar IJQO, in 
tT.o I it OS to tit: Ediion p O'n ihf 
R^v. SimosIVa'trh.mas. 


To THfi £bltoa& Oi THE CrOl!^- 

JErtcM.' tj Rii'ig-Vi m Pljmeitth. 




WHEN the Lord ftiiU buUd 
up ZiAfi,hcfhiiU appcir in 
bis glorv : ind prihip*. la none 
of God'i ytnkt, ire fe»erJ of his 
p<rftftioiis.mDre glorioufly difpbiy- 
ed than in rerivali of rdigioa t 
■BTticithrlyt his wisdom, power, 
fci mtiK niy mi goodoefs i hi* wif- 
dtmi ia choofing the lime when 
and the raein* ^y which, to eSefl 
Us purpoTe i hii fxnnr in awakeo- 
ing the moil rocan: md ftiipid, jnd 
fubduirg fo himMf the mil} jmf- 
wrie ird I Aftinat e n nner i lu5 good - 
nef« in piadting AnBen u tirind^ 
from the burflir>|{. wd fanng th-it 
Sntifrasi eternal desilh ; acidK: 
Rwrr-igrtly, in Ukiiic tditlc --''-lA 
iMving bthen \i [tctiifi in \h'.j.: 
(kii. tfe pffiiuB »n be ad^ed 
tea that diTcriininMioa which is 
^ bctwern oas -own and xnoth- 

aj^red to be at rpft. in i fi 
atteadaoce upon the cxtenm 
ties of icligioB, and aUh 
fiom the groffer polluiions o 
world. About four or five 
vcir, upon ta average, had 
forward, and by an open ptof 
of chriftianity, joined the di 
In the two jcari next pr«i 
the awaliening, there wer« 
three that viGbly eiiiered imo 
enact with God. Thus wer 
wife aodthe fo-jli(h apparently 
bciingand (Sctping together, 
it plcifiid God to rcsTpe hi*, 
amaiig us ar;d give riiihle mt 
t«tiui!> *f his fivorable ptt 

Toward} the end of the 
t^fjMltier- was an Sfpcaran; 
m&ic lutiition ta religion, thai 
bi(ri^>iiiL.i.>n aniong uci aftlr 
,-: v,':i-; iio:.;fin.-iiJBynotJcc4ai 
Uiiif ; ijw illbmbit« upoh 'm 
hath w«e more full, and the ; 


Revival fif ReTigum in PfymouH. 


CoBcealy manifefted that 4eir ! been almod every week, from t«6 
Hinds were tenderly imprcfied $ at | to five and fometimcs fix rclipious 

^cloie of this meeting in tlie day- 
t&Be 2D evening le^ure was appoint- 
fd^ which it is believed, was the 
irAeiciiing religious meetitig which 
imi ever been publicly notified or 
ly in the town ; at this 
in the evening, a much 
nnmber attended than did 
■ the day-dme. A brother in 
Ae miniftry being prdeot preached 
fam thele words, J/e fiattireth 
mmf^ tm his mum eyejy until hh ini- 
fMfUfmmdto be batefiJ. The 
4nAly was {blemn, the hearers 
;, and the word preached 
to be accompanied with a 
power : A religious meetp 
nowappomted onthe Wed* 
la.T evening of the next week ; 
akhpugh the leafeo and traV- 
both imcomfcrtablei 
' came fiom afancft every quar 

meetings, befide the two upon the 
fabbath ; and as I have, invariably 
attended them myfe)f» can witneu 
to the order and decency, the fi- 
lence and folemnity^ with which, 
and the numbers by which the& 
meetings have been attended. 
The filencecUcrvable among thoie 
who were going to or returning 
from thefe meetings, was very 
imprefHve, and frequently no- 
ticed with furprize and pJeafure. 
Little orno tumult or noife, and 
the appearance q£ moft, much as 
if they had been going to, or were 
returning from the ftineral of Tome 
near relative or. friend. And 
while in the houfe, ncthing was 
fidd but by the miniiler ; for fo 
little diipokd were people to take 
an aAive part in any religious ex- 
ercife, except finging, that it was 


i and it ieemed as if God was | difEcult to get one publicly to 
~ It of a truth, fpeaking to En* j propofe or aik a que0.ioa. Many 
iA|a in a ftill finall voice, and fay- ; were fwift to hear, but all (low to 
fe^ what have you been doing ? : {peak. 

Jkad where arc you going ? Con- I During this time d awakening, 
what you do, and what your , the people i:i general, were much 
end 19 like to be. After prayer : more difpofed, to hx:ar '.he word 
■fd finging, the people aflcmbled, : preached, and other relitficus in- 
wire addreffed from tfaefc words, (Inidllons, than hcretol:jrc ; asd 

2^ for thy life } look net beh:;:a attended to rec.i.e inilruclion, in 
i r.iither ftay thou in all the ■' a manner, to c utwa: d a;.^pearanct^^ 
fUn i (fcape to the mountain iefi ; verydifferentt'ioji\vhF.t is common 
he ccnjvmed* A fokmn u- I in ir.oft worih:]:pin3 afTemblies- 
reigned among the hearers, | Our afTemblies upon tJ^e fabbath 
vho appCiired to hear as for their ; were full, and fcr n:any fabbaths 
Mcs ; and many were to be fecn j fuccefTively, it i*: believed not cae 
prvarious parts of the houfc, v/ecp- | of ?.dult years, was fccn to tun 
rag and uembling iinder a fenfe of I his face from thj preacher, cr to 
thar guilt and danger ; and fiying I rife frcm his (e-:*.. from thedme 
to thoifelves, what (hall I do to ; thefcrmon b*r:.^:j; vn:;I it was fia- 
fe (aved ! For at this time, but iflied, nor y^t lo li s.»p or dofe ; nor 
fcw fyikt out the feelings and ex- could :in artcririvo obferver, diicov- 
aciles of their hearts ; but at the er a fmtlc, upjn acy occaGon in 
dafe of the meedng, filently re- the countenance cf any one, arri- 
MiUlid to thetr refpedlive homes, ved to the ycarc cf underftanding» 
\ hjenfife iadneis. From that during the tim^ cf rdv^\QU^ NSOt« 
I #rii to the Dfefen^ ihtn ksLvc /hip or after they caxaa inx^ xkn 
I Vpx. IL No. J. JD 

Rrvivciof Reiigwit In Pfymout, 


^ace of v/oilhtpt ttntil ihey left it. 
When people cime up to the houTe 
W the Lord to woifliip, it Teemed 
u if each one faid to himfelf, fuie- 
ly the X^rd i^ here. How dread- 
ful iaihisplice! Acd frequently, 
when the religbus cxercifcs. have 
been clofed and the alTembly dif- 
milTcd, many by their countenan- 
i;es and other i'lgns, maDilelled a 
kind of uawtUiDgnefs to leave the 
place, is if they (aid, it is good to 
he here. Upon fcveral comniun- 
ion.days, (lie whole or ocai'ly the 
whole of the congregitlon, atten- 
ded .is rpt.dat(jrs, die adminif- 
tration of the facriment.J fuppet ; 
-led a large piopoitioa of them, as 
well a of the communicanti, were 
1 duiing the folemii fcene. 
Id thit time of God's pouring 
out hit fpiiit. and icming hii 
work amooe us, fL\ty-one, b:tve 
ticea added to th; church, and 
bapti&n admiaUleted to about one 

uly cnrolUog their oames naoQ 
the followers of the Lamb . 
Erpeciaily, what inexprcffibli 
muit it af^rd pious parents, wl 
are uavelUng in biith, that Chr 
may be foimcd in their childM)' 
to lee them in a ferioui manneL' 
take upon ihemfelvcs the bonds i- 
thcir baptifmd covenant, and 
fcfs a crucified Saviour, b 
fcofEng world i Sundry 
have fbCD fevcral of their c&Idi 
unitedly devoting themfel»e« 
Cod. In one inltancc, fbui 

forward together 
renouncing the vanlliLS of 
profelTcd godlineJs. Such 
mull lead every conttraplativc 
pious mind, to " 
tures of joy, upim fucli dii 
promiAs and pccdidi( 
in the 44th ClujKer of Ifaiabi 
tlw beginning " Thus laith 
Lord — I will pour my fpiiii 
iliy feed and my blcfflng 


Connarjion of an Infidd. 

|i diihonor as well is fbme to hon- 

ar. Among the tweivcy whom 

Chrift himfelf chofc to be with 

pm and whom he ftiied Apoftlcs, 

ftere was a Judas ; and at a ccr- 

ttio tiBK many of Chrift's dlfcl- 

yfet fiyrfook him and walked no 

Mre with him. Apoftacies among 

tafeibn of chriftiaDity* and the 

UiBg away of fuch as appear to 

IBBcm the word with joy, and 

tBdore fin* a whilei are to be ex- 

^bAbcL To fee fuch apoftacics 

■idfiJfiligaway, of thofe who ap- 

^BV&r a time to run well, will 

vM^ die generation of real Chrif- 

•4pBt9 and be nutter of joy and 

4ll|Hqlitofi»ffing infidels. And 

I jblMg tlie many who have profef- 

[•ficiiriftianity during the time of 

plfc late refrefliing (howei of dirine 

: IliBencef it b to be expected fome 

I JAtmBntotheir wallowing in the 

yhfitt ; but we arc perfuaded better 

^Bl0i of many, and things which 

iBM&pany falvation ; and doubt 

bat God hath granted repent- 

mto life, to a goodly number, 

e light will ihinc before men, 

'vUk life continu'T ; rind whjm 

God "VJH keep by his might v pow- 

IT tlinmgh faith unto f»lv.:tion. 

0«l fliould only one ficm 

tndghbourhood, and two from u 

l^vn^ and briii;; Ukhi to Zion, 

l^ory will redound to him, thr^uoh 

ae thanksgiving*; of nuny ; lor 

Aere is joy in heaven over on? ^\c\- 

ifgr that repcntcth. The I.oid 

boweth them tlia.t are his. And 

let every one thatnameth the na.iic 

it Chrift depart from iniquity ; 

lad let him that rhinketh he ihs.d- 

d^ take heed k(i he fall. \Vh«n 

ttt attention firf^ began in thi<: 

tOVDy it was fe«rcd there would 

k great oppoiltion ; but fijch hath 

Itoi the manner in whicli the 

hath been carried en, that 

have been, very much 

(Ntimided and Cicoced. Qn ob- 

ferving whichy lbm6 of the friendl 
of the work, have been reminded 
of what Daniel in the lions dens 
faid to Darius, my God hath fent 
his angel and hath (hut the lions 
mouths, that they have not hurt 

The manner in which the goings 
of God have been among us (to 
allude to the Lord's appearing to 
the prophet Elijah at Horeb) hath 
not been in a great andftrongwindi 
nor in an earthquake, nor in a fire; 
but in a dill fmall voice, laying to 
one and to another, what doft thou 
hear ? There hath not been dif- 
covered any appearance of a fpirit 
of enthufiafm or delufion, or of 
fpiritual pride and o(len:atioD ; nor 
of cenforiou&efs and rafh judging 
of others ; but on the contrary, i 
! fpirit of humility and mecknefsi 
i of fear and a found mind ; arifirg 
! from a rational conndlion of fin, 
and principle of gofpcl benevo- 
lence ; each one appearing to cf- 
tcem others better dian himfelf, 
and to work out his oum falvation 
with fear and trembling ; and at 
the fiime time to cxprefs an ardent 
defire that others might tafteand 
fee the goDdnefs of the Lord. 

GtTiTlcmen, if the preceding 
nirtAtivo meets your approbation, 
ycu m^y cxpeft fomcthin^r farther 
from yours moft affcdtionctely. 
Sir:os Watefman. 
P!ymou:h,(Con.) Jan. I, i8or 
/' '/o hf contin'M'd.) 

Tht 'cr.u:l::n end cowrf.^n rf -i 

^ *iB ftp ^ 

forbcaiing God, in his holy 
•."Tovhicncc, has fccn fit ro (v,':i 
.he pws of one, who was ri;^en» 
iii^ fait for judgr.i.?nt nna ccltrMc - 
tioii. I cannot therefore but feel 
it mv, to make knowu cct- 
:ain circamftances of tn^We v«> \\v.% 

cehgrcgatii*. Iliswritrtn, "He 
tliu corereth his fin*, fhill not 
profper, but he that confelTeth ind 
MrTakrth th»n fSafI find Aiercy." 
And rot kiiannng but '^hnotlicrs 
niay be inertening, for tlie f^mc 
dreadful calamity thit I was, I 
am the more defiroMS to teprefent 
IB)- fitQatir<n, rwt kn'iwing but yet 
it may call w^ the conRdeiKtion of 
fom; m this placei to arr*nd to their 
immoR'.! roncRDi beibrc it be fbr- 
em too (ate. 

In my iofAiiry, I had the hafv 
^neTs cf beiog in the charge of 
jwrents who were feduloufly inx- ' 
lOm for my well being. In ;he | 
nianiing of my life, much fire j 
VIS token by my tender father. ; 
to implant within my mind, fetiti- I 
inents cf piety. He wis eager to 
have me a chud cf drtue tnd god- 
Jinefi ; V)A often -afinn^d mt to | 
efciW ffom the rmfnlfoBverfaii 

Catverfiok tf Ai A^RU. 

and many wen brought t 
(ituation ai finners, and 
God. Seeing fuch an 
my mind became imprcfT 
brought to realize my fad 
condition as a (inner. H 
hell Teemed reahtiea, my f 
and my apprchenfions ' 
terriUe. In tliis Titua 
much did I TulTer fr.^m a 
my afTuciaies would fvfpci 
cem and laugh at my crc 
This no doubt ii cm 
the cafe at the prefent ti 
pcnple are afraid of beinaj 
and difcountenanced if ^f 
to religion, and fliun tlie):!:: 
prayers arc made and fer 
rerfation entered upon 
way how many fculs go ( 
IhnAion. In ihis (itu^i 
tinued romciimc. but :hr 
my conviflion!, I becir 
" ■ ' than 


Cbtl^n/tm rf tM JkJlAK 

kfU lather for their daily fupport. 
While I laboured, aAing id con- 
hat rcbeUion :^nft God, to pro- 
elfdr ruftcnamce, I negledled 
eirfimls. Alas, the pu-ents ta/k 
fn^ndcd, and little thought 
ftipn with regard to their pre- 
aod iramonal fonls. They 
taokMl up to roe for their daily 
; they needed daily iRftruc- 
ID religion, they needed the 
and evening prayers of a 

tefitfiler^ and to be dedicated to 
but were ncglcded. I have 
M neoUtUt with afioniihment the 
llHt when I difbelieved the word 
ff God < md eftcemed it nothing 
•or Ihim a cunningly devifed fa- 
-Ufeu As a confcquencc of this, 
"ttidliocandudor. I wp.? therc- 
Jl9 y«w will eafly concL*ivc, fet 
in the world, "^llie bible, 
liaing threat nings, maJ'j me 

tiifle^ and engrofled mypreciou 
probation feafon of preparation te 
eternity. But fetling that thit 
pamphlet was more fpccious thaii 
clear or argvmc&tatiTC, I for- 
fook it. Boaftcd reafon carried 
me above it, yet dill ray foul was 
unimpreflcd, and my danger, daily 
of finking into heU torments, to- 
tally difappeared. I lived the life 
of a pagan, without pnyer in my 
family, without prayer in any fit- 
uation. My children were taught, 
but not in a way of piety. In 
this fltuation I became perfectly 
irdc pendent, and eternity was 
totally obliterated from my mind. 
I neither wished, nor cared to have 
any ethers concerned, about their 
fouls. Thus I liTcd in perfcA fe- 
curity, every day hovering about 
the (!(;Oi- th,-t enters into mifery. 

The bibJe, lay undiiiurhcd, likt a 

itf and the man wiioHiould j ufdcfs ];»';«; u von the fixcif. I be- 

with a revere :it refj^vt for it. ! «;i:i to think tliat oioomy infic'elity 

behigthe condition of thing*;, ! vrviKi fi^on be univcrfaJ. D:(hir- 

I heeaine a great rcafoiier, and | bwd lu.-uwcr in :>. certain convcr- 
I could confute :\nv :»r!ru- : fi 'Jon, rtlv*;:* this tire, I v/cnt 

in favor of reli^^^on. Mv u'.v:vv romctlii-^." *niburr;;frcd — ^ihis 

O (oo3 became roy (jOu and . j.ut mc u^^ir iv;V'r!in^ ag^nfr the 

fee hoafUtd mad philcd^pli/ <•!* ilv ; v urff. — l-..-;. .h >• j:!:i*cfr mortal I ! 

Alkeill, began to be a. ;;Lriou5 Ndt fctlirs;' 'iiii: Creel's aDger was 

Any to mv. By this iu]^|v»Hd pr^;;: :ir..-.niL :*.;c, ::rA tiiit hell 

iority of reafon abov-c (»..o's niuil W. the p'?:i;c;i :i ell impcci- 

i kefitated notto ell.- x :v"ni te:it HniiLrr, i i:a>. ;.!.■ to adr.Vit the 

feoliA and inlignifit'int whov/oulJ j -J^t nt r :vt: 't, , .'^d to pit.ce my- 


k any th::.o rt'r. .!i cT'i. :r;r-. ; ftirin t!«v bcil ).'Mrble ;"tua..on, I 

Ae pulpit or yi^f^ io f-.v-.j (.r'vlt.ii, I i-.nre- li to L.-'J .■» more i\v''Ct r;')ral 

id^erimental icligiui'. C.'iriii .ir,- 1 I-fL-. i\\y.\ uc t.> fay J"j> r'.v.h N" the 

ilf now appeared a f.'ph jm. re injvi) ci' il1»^U"i. .i- I 1- . " dorc. 

(BBenttionadciui'in, -wd ary-'c- I t!:uu£;:-.t r*y r:- '.i-'- ; v.'juid ccr- 

teMlion s to reiinion MT.l.afM'in. nirilv iL-'urL-nrc fV-.-.i: '. ;ir.. Ar;d 

•id«emalmirer\ was 1 1". •■.■.: o snide ■.;'. ulihoui'ii i llii! djlir.;w-ucl evc;\'' 
Iffy fcmicr litlicf, '.vhich n^y In- 
4U||ent «nd honored i.'*i*.(-i hwd 
■fepre£don my ji\'\m\. Wri*' luiuiii- 

C Such beino iiiv <n^e oi ! tl.c ihelt, apii ^rempj "f..:.!H';.s\re 

■w's Age ri r-.r-fun tWv.c^ left, without occur yi.r ,ii.^ ci" r.^y 

0B^Iw.isiirllrciuft-tr.r)an i;d- aitcnticn. Thus I \^.v^ i-.ii, in 

in me, I read it ai t ( n t i \\: 1 y , })e r f^. A i ar n al fecui .rv . c • . ' • '.\*?:a 

fjBlmy jkBit^uns Ivr :i Hiuiz a^c an enemv m it\7.'>r., V\v«v\ 

■ hinrt \'kc vitAl rciit^ .'..;, I ho]'vd 
I ftsould c ome o^r v . ll r r laft . My 
bible wdA llili left i.- nv valuer o,-^ 



n idci tJiat the gofj*! wm of no 
ilue, and confidcrcd it vain lo 
aicocrage adifpenliadoa of it, and 
Jihough I UKoAed public worfliip 
irctty fteadily ; yet in heirt I 
Idpifed the awfel, and fublimf 
ruths, which wtre commuajcated 
rom the word of God. Heaven 
ind hell, were mere fourids to me, 
I utterly defpiffd thcwords.asthey 
lowed from the mcuih of amir.if- 
I thought there was fonie- 
g great in difjpprovir.g aJl le- 
igious ptetenConi. Thus a (inner 
'pefor damoatioD, wa permiued 

live from one day unto mother, 
iDd although, hell, opeced to re- 
:civc its vifiim, ytt God who wis 
Miundlcfs i& coiBpjflion to my pre- 

as foul, kept me from defervcd 

About four morths ago God 
^tv fit to make a difcovtzy to roe, 
>f my cahmitous Ctuatioc. He 
howed me tite Tonity of my en- 

felf erery thing that was necelTiry 

to conllitutca hell- Thcdcpcod* 
enee I had aiiAc od my mQralirjr 
vaniihed like the idle wind, 1 fsw 
that I had ruined my felf, and thii 
without any hope of deliverance. 
Ibidheardof a Saviour, but alas! 
I had abufed his mercy- In this 
fiiuation 1 faw that I could not da 
any thin^ to merit filvation, and 
that if foverei|a mercy did not 
come tamy ajhilaiice, I muft pet- 
illi forever. O ! what a hell ii 
there prepared for jin-liardaied 
defpifers. " Behold ye defpifer* 
and wonder and perifh." Tatal 
depravity I now realized, not by 
fpcculation but by feeling, I faw 
myf<;lf dead in trcfspajTes and 60^ 
I faw the doihines of the gofpn 
were all againll rac, and that God 
might juftly caft me off forever, 
and his charaflerbe very glomnu^ 
Lofl to ali hope of rccoi-ering tMi, 
felf from the &ial difcafe of flj • 


Leiltrfnn DoOar Hamrit. 


JRof heart to thy moft holy and 
Various Lard. O may I be cloth- 
ed upon with the garmeot of a Me- 
ditfior'srighteoufnefsy and be fayed 
fiem every fin. And as the day 
oC trial bcoming, may I fo con- 
dnfty as to come off a conqnerer 
Arough the Uood of Jefus Chrifti 
19 whom» be glory forever. 

SMtroB of a Letter from the Rev* 

Doctor Hjttrsis of London to 

.^ lir TtiUsrsES of the Miui02f» 


Bath, Jan. 31(1, x8oi. 

7'. Smbm hehved In Cbrjfiy 
iV'OUR &vor of September 
.JjL ^4^ reached me only yef- 
Sdaj* It drew forth the warm 
'"' of thankfgiving to our 
Lord. It is evident the 
continents contain the 
iKily catholic Church, that 
paten of the Atlantic fcpa- 
not the communion of faints, 
dot the redeemed by blooc^ 
Jlhofefins are forgiven them for 
(Mfs name fake> hold faft the 
kfefled hope of eternal Ufe and re- 
joice in the profpedt of meeting 
HfMind the throne from every kin- 
dptd tongue and nation, when we 
liaHknow even as we arc known. 
Nothing will be mere grateful 
to OS than to hear your incrcafing 
DTOgrefs ; and that the cloud no 
bijgpr than a man's hand fpreads 
om your firmament and portends 
Annaance of ruin. The glorious 
*di^lay of divine gmce in mAny 
hods adds to our hope, that he 
whole right it is, will tnkotohim- 
fdt his great power and reign ; 
udamidlt the awful and incre'<i- 
fing calamities around us, v/c of 
Jhb ifland draw favorable auguries 
Hfim the diffiifion of gofpcl light 
grace ; andtho' infldtlity ami 
ligion lift up their bmn'.Ts as 
:n5y and bitter ^initybrcdthcs 

its venom againft the prindpfefl^ 

and people that bear the mark cf 

evangelical pet ulxarity, we hop^ 

that ^ the Lord had meant to flay 

usy he would not have (hewed us 

fttch and fuch things, and that we 

fhall yet be prcferv^ for a light to 

the Gentiles and to carry his &!• 

vation to the ends of the earth. 

Thus the wall is dill built in a 

troublous time, and whilA we leave 

all events in his hands^ we woold 

\ be found in the path of duty, as 

, the way of fafcty. I (hall fay 

I nothing of the iocreaiing and wide 

I fpreading ravages of war, deeply 

I interefted as I am in the welnre 

• and profperity of the land whereiii 

I dwell. We have a kingdom 

that never can be moved, a citj 

whofe maker and builder God is ; 

and looking not to the things 

i which are fecn and temporal, but 

to thofe things which are not ieen 

and eternal, we thank Godj take 

courage and go forward. 

The intelligence you wiih will 
be gladly communicated by our 
Secretar}', to whom, being at a 
diltance, I have (tnt your Maga- 
zines and kind letter, and the So- 
ciety will I am fure receive this 
token of your fraternal affeftion 
with delight, and return it with 
equal aifarancc of thcixs. Mean- 
time, I thought the mofl accepta- 
ble fervice I could render to my 
Rev. Brethren and their honoiar 
ble a{r>ciatesinthe miifionary work, 
would be to give them an epitome 
of cur late proceedings and pi dent 
lUte of the MiiHon with which 
they fccni unacquainted. 

The intelligence v/e rcccivefrcm 
Otahcitc 13 highly ecccuiaiing,£^.d 
the requcfiS of the Mimonitiies 
tliero to be reinforced r.rc ur.^cnt. 
Wc h:?}'c nine or ten, f;.-iiily,f:i:h- 
fully, devotedly living together, 
preach and teach Jcfus Ci-.rlA^ vjVvK 

coriiideiabl: ^Uiuim viom v>\^ 

tatfrffttm Dotor {Nw^. 


Ditrrea, uid Tome apparent im- 
pfcffion. Tbey are id palTctEon 
«f fkiK fftme houie, and ptead with 
us to &c a ftable r«td:tDeDt on the 
Ifland) « » focus from which the 
golpd could be eaCiy diAifcd on 
every fide, by a iitik fthooner, 
which wouJd Tifit any of the trop- 
ical legioDs around them. I wifti 
{reuer things h^d been done for 
them, but ohftruftions of Tarious 
kmdshavecuriailedLh; r.umberitn- 
tcndcdtober-ntbyihe Royal Admi- 
raJ. Crook wi» referred with a d«- 
bf feDtwiihTomoteiti tothc 
Mar^aefai, the poor ladii fioce 
Otdy elereo, I hope, 
'aithfuJ men are cow either on their 
ray.oraniTed at th; place oftheir 
IdtinatiaD. I have^od accounts 
I ihcm dated Auguft joth, 
I Ria Janeiro. They arc 
illwell,but thecoaviflj with whom 
y failed and to whom tliey hare , 
n greatly blefled bave fufiered I 

in May, with four peribas, i«4 
Dutch and two English, to diridc 
and join Dr. V. in CafFraria, and 
Mr. Kichcrer otnong the Bollie- 
mco i another of throe men and 
four WMncD aJI Duicb, was fo^ 
warded in November. 

What cur two brethren in Can»- 
da have yet done I know oMi ra« 
are*nearer to them than we. Tlie • 
Miffiooaty at Twilingate, New- 
foundland, fends very plcafing och 
counts of bts fucccfs and acccpt- 

la aiy views the South Tea dill 

appears to hold out the great doot 

uf MillioDary ufefulaets on the 

large fl fc ale, and I trull he ifto 

hath beguQ the good work wi!l«Br- 

it on. Our difficuldci are fcw- 

and ourprufpeds more confirnfti 

, artd e*idcBtly noihtnj wantiof 

acTomplilh the worJt with eA- 

cacy, but perfe?trance, and a fin* 

clhbUnimem in one central places 

Sapilar excellence ud to ubora 
lac milKoa is in aa t:fpticial ntaaucr 

ShJJ I b£{; a kind rcmtnibr.-iTice 
ta ihe Ikvis of my brutliren, ur.d 
a raeadoa 'ti tlieir prayers of tiicir 
afleAianue friend and brother. 

Jt^tft bJ thtTrufiiu^^ the Afif- 
jltm^uy Sociitj of CoaneSicut. 

To dw MissiONARr Societv 
of Connecticut, to be con- 
imed at Litchfield, the 
tUid TaeOxf of June inflant, 
Ikt Tkustles beg leave to fub- 
mit the ibitowing Kepokt, 
■with the papers thertin refcr- 

AFilJiiaaij Sxicij ^ CaniteSlfut. 


bis pc»ie, 

flituicd, they would give him al! 
thcglury, Hiidbi; liiinibie iVom tltc 
coDfuIiiriitltin [Jiat iheir ze;d has 
not btftn giii.UKt in his ft.r\-icc, 
and that their hcart-i Lave not been 
more warmed with love tohim and 
to die fouls of clicir fL-llow-men. 

As the generJ concerns of the . 
inftitution are enrrulLed to their 
management, the Trufl^its not on- 
ly ft-d thcmfkilvcs accountable to 
God for the faithful difcharge of 
tlieir tnift, but alfo bound in duty 
CO communicate to the SocictVi 
whoTe agents tlieyare, apanicdar 
account, from time to time, of the 
manner in which the important 
concerns committed to them are 

The narrative, publilhed by di- 
reftion of the Tru&ees, laA wb- 
ter, and fcnt to the feveral paiilhct 
in the flate, a copy of which is 
herewith tranfmitted to each mem- 
ber of the fuciciy, contains a gen- 
eral view of their proceedings and 
of the labors of MilTionacies :o the 
clofc of the ycni i8co. To re- 
pirilhing finn'^rs, he , peat in thia report whit istliciiin 

7i,£ril of all, to at:lu]uwledge 
t<K good hand of God in To far 
fccondiog theii fcible cfl'nrts, to 
ulniicc the caufj uf the Redeem- 
H. la anfwif toih; |.t.iyers of 
hispe»Ie, and in tcuJi.! jiiiy and 

has been grAcicuCIy plL.if;:d t< 

tained \;ill no: be deemed ne- 

creafe a miliionary (jiirit, to open ' cciTary ; a^iefcri.nce can be h..d:o 
die hearts of many (O contiibute thAt fur any iiitunnation which is 
•eoeroufly to the fiip|>ort of niif- ' difircd. 

ions, and to croViT;! iht Ubots of! In that r^hmiIvc the foiiowing 
hb mitBonary fi:r\a ii,-., i^i v.<rious petfiii..'^ .ire mentioned ao MilEon:.- 
placc^t wiihgrtjt fjoxT-. Ntver rim tJi^^r, in -.ho Itivic^vf tiu foci- 
did ihe'cappeif.o'Kfomu'.h need «\-, viz. t;.e Rev. M.iTrs. Sstti 
ibr faithful, z;Al;ni: :Ti:S:nan:5 as ■ Willillon mA Jwi-iidiah BLfr.ncll 
u the prcfcnt cimi.. ,<.'i ncn.rluvc an^i Mr. Ai:iaf l J^-rcirie in the 
temany eire;irifti:v;~'-.confii;r. ito wellern cjun'i'.-s of iww York 
dimulatc the CTicrtioni .ind exLite iLte ; ihc ll.v. DjviJ Hu.,iing- 
the piayirjof ilii: jKojilt cf G'.'d ten in iht iroi'!.i.:n coant-':! of 
Iw die fuilhtra; L-.- of ;l.ii JtH:!- iii-w Voik n.n<* V:trT!0n; ; and 
bleobjca TIil; Tr.:1.:j ■•.■.■.Id ihc R'."/. | .■:L_,h Bi^ifor i^t W.;w- 
■TOgatc r ' ■ 

If God hiS cn..O! :d th.m i ^ b.- 
By meafurc faiihfjl to the im^c 
Ut irull commit:(;d to ther,), ai 
if he has fu^jccded ar,y of ih' 
IttBnpU to projnute the j^reat ub- ■ Blick t 
■faKirwhichihe Sociuiy w.u in- rieini'.y. 
Vol. II. No. /, E 

.ir.uc d^;::i:- ih. pi-i-fiirc of tha 
board of TrL ';■..".. The Rtr. Ira 
H.Ltt i? jlfon:jniiijR*(li!f.a^pf,intcd 
fi aniilnon f!ih.- fcvJsmer.n on 
and other places vxl thfc 

Mi^ary Smuy *f 


Mr. WiHiftoft Tctarned to Han- 

Iford nboat thf lij{f of Msy u)(. 

Ihaving been abfent nearly iS 

linonths ;— the who!* of which 

■litne he labored as a Miffiontry in 


lexcept a ftw -weeks whidi he fpeot 

Lille, faj^iOTteii by the people 

f that plice. This was in con- 

^iienrt of I TOte of the Truf- 

rsauthoriringhim to fpend one 

T of the time st thu phce *t 

cxpenfe of the peopla, utd to 

re! the other half as a Mtffion- 

. He will continue in the frr- 

Bvtce of ths fodeiy and hai Itwiy 

Icntered on another mliTion to that 

Ipan of the country where he ha* 

|becD before. 

■ Mr. Bufhrtdl retonied, in Jan. 

Itftry laft, from a miJBonary to«r 

'n the weftem counties of New- 

f nearly ii months ; and 

abODi direc weeks went out 

ing longer at that time. ^unlA 
his health permit, he will profeabb 
f trforni another tout, as he Rana 
appeicted during the pleaftae af 
the board of Tiafteet. 

Mr. Badcer arrind at NeWt 
Conncftinn romnime tn Decent* 
bcT hft. Two letters have bees 
received frura him. Hf gives 
vcTj- fivoribie accocnti ronccTtii^ . 
the ctmimy. It is very n^tUy 
feulirg, mol^ly by pecple &odl 
Conficftaciu I aod in foraa of ifae 
feitlcmuiis ihEr« a<7 Li[yearaace» 
of areviviJuf nligion. Thecal! 
for Millionaiics u> tlw, urritofy 
will increafe, and it is a place to 
which muLh atUHUoo wiU be nwd 
by ihc Ttuftecs. AnoiJiw Wf. 
(ionary wiJI be fcnl ihtrc as Toon as 
afuiublcpcrfon can be ftnmd fee 
the fl'rnce ; and two or more MiA 
iionaries will in tiiiure be kept UkM 

iSpuJ Miffhnary Secuty 9/ Cotm^Sicul* 35 

^fionifiiiag npidity ; new church- can be expe^ed to be done amon^ 
Cf are fbrming and the call for the Indians. The difficulty ot 
ICffionarics is continually in- procuringfuitable interpretersis ex- 
Cmfii^- : cecdingly greatt if not wholly in- 

from the abcve account it will j furmountablo except by appointing 
anpear that there axe at prefent but peifons to learn the Indian langua- 
(me Miflionarics out in the fcrvice ges exprer:ily for that puq^fe. 
tf the Societ}', viz. Meflrs. Wil- ■ The Truftecs hopcthat Mr. Bacon 
Bhm and BufhncU in New-York and the young man with him» af- 
Bm Vid Mr. Badger in New- ter they fhall have learned the 
OoODeAicat. The Rcr. Job Chip|>c\vay language, will be able 
8wiftof Becnington has been late- j to smtl foineching to wards accom* 
^ appointed to a miilion of a few plUhing an obje^ fo near to the 
vmr tD the northern parts of hearts of the &k)ciety and all good 
VcraioBt. Whether he will ac- people as tlic diSufion of the light 

Cttt the appointment is not known. 
' ^lie month of May is the time 

of the gofpel among the poor pa« 
gans on our borders. The promo* 
the Truftees make their ar- tion of this obfi^Jt will continue to 
ffaaigements and appointments for { occupy the attention of the Truf- 
the ymr. They liavc determined j tees, and while they thcmfelvet 
loempioyv for the cuncnt ycur, would look to God for divine light 
the following number of MifTiona- and wii<Jom therein, they aUc the 
t i ll t wo to New-CuiinevfYicut, '■ phayers of the Society and all well 
Arte to the weAcrn counties of , wifhcrs 10 the caufc that God 
Hew-Yorkj one to the ncithcrn \ would direct tl.cni to the adoption 
coanties of New- York and the | of meafures which he will bicfs to 
nflRh-veftem parts of Vcm«^nt j ' um furtherance of this great and 
one for four months to thc« fcit'c- \ imjtortant work. The peace at 
on BLick River and parts prefent fubdfHng between the Uni< 

a^centy and one for four rr/^nths led Staivs and the v;irious tribes 
to the northern counties of Vcr- of Indians, tcgcihcf with an in- 
mont. To the mifton to Black • creaGng fpirit of haimony and 
^irer, &c. Mr. Robert Pjrtcr is ; frientifhip bLtw^en the white pco- 
appointcd. pie and Indians arc aufpicious cir- 

Other MiiHoiiarics arc to hz ip- ! cumftances. The jcaluufy which 
ranted, and vacancies f.cppiicd ' the latter h:ive ever felt towards 
If the commirtce of miifions, as , the former has been agrCatbarin 
flttii become acCv-'/ury. : the v/ay of their receiving the 

With regard to the mlTiviii :o , OiriiHan religion. Any d'jcreafc 
the Indians, the TrufLcs liuv^: ro of thisJLaLufy i.s thwicior.. an omen 
JnToTiDation to communic<i-L\ in of good. From ih^fc and other 
addition to wliatis contnineclin -.he ; circumllancer. the Trultees arc led 

e*n ted narrative, oxcen* that Mr. ! to indui^^c the- jvltufii^n * xpc6t.:tion, 
icon left this place th.- l.-^.vtT end ] thatths t-..7ie:sici T.r diP/.r.t when 
gf January lad. Ht- took with . many of the alxrlr-inwl iiutivci. of 
himayoung man to Ica-r. tlKChir- 1 America v/ill bv hitu^ht to a 
peway language, ard it i: li:;v.v)iccl [ knowleri;;.; ol ih- *,::.l God ^nd 
K is now at Dctroi; pc.KT.-.iing of the v/u\ t.f f;il-,\iL...r. th;oiigh 4 
fhe Icrriccs to whiv*M h? w.i . .i;5- : crucintn ^^.ivi.<ur : .i..d •^\'.:::\ \s.- 
Minted. A conrK'.rrrsbl:- ' .ne j iir-puit iitc.. iiiic iucr*tiv\'v oftetea 
drnft'Oeceffarily zi^ipfchctorc Wi^h toidoi 01 i::i'.;£\rk'ur % 3v>f^/. NVivv\^vc 

h^arlmce of tn^ing m GoJ. 


ceed ilie pore incenfe of pnycr 
and praife to the only liring and 
X Jehovah.* 

(Toic cantinutj.) 

Norx. By requcit of thcTraf- 
;a of the MiiBonaty Socieiy of 
Counedicut, ihcre will be publiHi- 
ihis Magiirine, from lime to 
an account a(- theii proceed- 
ingii and of the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the Society. There 
will alTo be publillied monthly an 
account of donatioot made to 
(he Society within the month, with 
e» of the donoti where 
they arc known, and of any lofTci 
which the Society may fuftain. 

The public are ^g^n informed, 

that fubfcription books are opened 

11 the Office of thtTre--frurcr of the 

MilEonary Society, and alfo in 

:h county town in tlic Hate, to 

c opportunity to thofc who may 

difpofcd to fubfc;ibelO the funds 

illufiretid /nil tircumfiama » 
(Ac lift of Jacob. 

BEFORE the birth of Efw 
and Jacob, Cod had Taid 

tlut the eider Ihould fcr»c thk ' 
younger. Yet neither Rebckidi 
nor J^ob could con6de ia God. 
and learc it with him to difpole. ' 
thingt in his own way, for briaeing 
about whathe had foretold. BoiS 
mother and fon united in a niece 
of grofs deceit and f^Uehoodt lo , 
fecure a btelHng, which God hnn* 
felf hitd before prumifcd. 7'his 
was the fource of^ many of the fu- ' 
lure evil.; of Jacob's life. Tho^^ ' 
the blelGng was referred for hiitti 
he was not to go wholly unpuntlh- 
ed. Accordingly, many circum- 
llances were ordered, in a pecuIiAT 
manner, to lead him to reflet oa 
his wicked impofition on the F^ 
id his unkind ireaimeitt of * 


" If'cAraged 

r mi coiiiinj» againft him ? 
was no way for him to Qcc : 

as h: able to rcliit il.j i'oic:, 
he r....i: fcca p.::.,*. Ti:^.,. 
>\v b^t cr.e wav I-k ; and 


as, to -3 to Lrfvl. ' 

from every uiV, :, t\^rit- 
• divhif pion*\jd, ij J. 'v , ii'j 
>tconSdcd ill th.. ju.jniilc • ^' ' 
, but mud in'orivWc wivk I 
rilits acccm^^iilKii.ciiT ilii^uLl 
A«ar, DO a;t, r.4< i!.iJI» iiO 
of his would bo "I" r.oy avail. 
Lord atone C(.ai') '.-rii.ul him 

He, ih.i'ciW. , li'*t.i'vc> I 
If to pniyor ; .i:-!, i.'i.iciJlnj! 
ra utter i»riv.o. ! j ■ :'*, al!<s 
', aD%» ]»!«."-«l. «ii-l .i«c </; I- /..• 
uspr2r*j\. Wu- i-'-ci" t'ic.i 
he mrik'.' i* 'vv:i.: i^r.idocs 
imble, bivkw:! i.«.j:i ..v^r wlih 

■ 1 'i I 
cviL tho ^K. % ■ -• v.! irl'., 1 

- • • 

»pcr iruii Ir- t'l..' . .c c.-.- | 

humility, what IiVely confidence, 

whiit fwcct comDofiire of foul did 
•J.e £ood Patriarch fetl ! The inti- 
r.iu.», 'jonvnfi-,and ncr.r holy com- 
i.iL.iion, wliicli, on that evcr-mcm- 
oi iblc night, he had with the o'o- 
r. !U^ C'./J, filled him with dctp 
liiiniiliLy, hiid him in the dull, and 
...jilo Iiim mcift fenfibly feci his 
o\vn rK.ihir.^riLrs and infinite un- 
•.vfnhir.wG;. Xv)w, rcmtmbering 
his fvi :r.L r \\ ''ktcl ..cfs, he felt low, 
he fch hi r'ilc enough to go and 
bovv liiuirclJ' fev^-.i times to the 
ground bi tl>jc an ;njuicd brother. 
N<jv., \i\\\\ linc^iity, he could fa? 
to l'.'.i"ii!, * n.iy, 1 |ry thte, ifl 
h.Ac t'uu.ul "r.'Cr in thy finl'f* ^^icn 
rc.:eive \\\\ pi-^ii-Tit ..! n^y hand : for 
li.-r.rl.iJ- hive 1 ievn thy f:.ce, as 
tli.Hi h I h -v! Teen -he face of Gcd, 
.in..l tiiou H'ii! .'i-.fcd with ipt." 
" Y'. ;.' i.'iwr, :.■ d that of che ho- 
U v-'-.f: iMiii V 1 ich I hr.d fuch 
rv.i'.n lO Iv'..?, lie ri^neufcd." 
V» !■ .'t vi r »■■ .r (*,...'.'» ;! iv, !«' of tn- 
t 1. Ik I !. i!'i.. ■ . ■: i.'i!i -nv^, wild 

Ar a^ai to At CiriJ'uu'i htatf. 


iLBdcromij'coi' God. flicffed irt ' be jlorifiad. Yes, Aogeiina, tg 

aU iLey thit. tmfl in hia;. 

tin abpt.iho ibt Chrifiian'f heart. 
PhJ-iv. 11—13. 

"TT»OR I haTC learned in what- 
f facver llaie I ani,lhcrcv/ith 
to be contend I know twih how 
to be abafed, and 1 know how to 
abound ; every uhere and in all 
thmgs I am inftrofti^Jf boih to be 
full and W be hungry, borii to a- 
bound and to fulfef r^eed. 1 can 
do all th.iig! thro' Oirift which 

of the Church,' 
is be fat. 


Piul fell, when theft Uft 
words dropped from hii ptsi— 
" I can do all things thio' ChriA 
which ftrcngthen«th me," is, V) 
feel an heaven uponearib— to han 
an angel's fpirit, iho' tn rags — ao4 
without crowning, tob«a king— 
a conqueror — yea, reorc than 4 
conqueror— 'a young immoilali 
born for endlcfs glorjr- — To fe«i 
Chnft's image formed in one's foul; 
to rile up in the morning in hU 
(hength— to go fonh to o»r daily 
cmploymenu under Lhc protecting 
Ihadow of hia wings, aodi « 
night, to [Ctiii » reft, witb» 
grateful heart, that Cod, in infi- 
I nite goodneft, has piefened S) 

an " An gel 
the pious Angeli 

dsv, converTing with her, upon! ffon, evil— that he O will do uj 
tciigion, opening the bible *nd ^^^ . ^^ ^^^ however myftwi- 
*"■ — a^..„..^, .= ^ 1 . ajiii^JQjj the changes «f 

lUt bodiefc 


^uefiienu Religious Intelligence. 


I, in his poverty, was def- 

|3ed hf the rich and the worldly 

|i«at ! How will it ^'orrn the, oth- 

irifef frotefl hearti to open the 

haad, eS liberalltyy and fcatter its 

refidUtt bleffings on ail around ! 

Hovwifi it OTen wide and ftretch 

out the cheerrd, fupporting hand 

irGod's inniifter9-*hid them go 

m^ lA the ftrength of the Lord» 

and fedc the lalvation of thofe, 

«4o are madly running into ruin, 

andi perifhing in darknefs ! It was 

4bi ilrei^gthening of the Lord Je- 

taik^ Angelinat which fupported 

fiidcafnmted the pious Lazarus, 

th&a any earthly aid could 

dooe, when fuU of fores, 

his wounds all open to the 

fr ttid th€ duft, and nothing to 

them, he was laid, at tlic 

fiaaer's gate, helplcfs and 

; ** And defiring to be 

tt^lM the crumbs which fdl from 

lit pkntifal table." For, the 

'Jay • dogs," as if more compaf- 

Mttfetban this hardened wretch, 

■CiilC and licked his fores." Yet 

iUlBaniStfnendleff and forlorn, poor 

EateuSf whom nobody would jiity, 

and iick, begging forcruub? 

his hunger, was fwcctly 

liefigncd ; not a curfc proceeded 

fnoi hb heart againfl tiie unpity- 

1ij|. IKtcs — not a (ingic murmur 

fan bis lips, ^vhy has God dealt 

HMs vitli me ? He knew how to 

Ife "abdcd. The Lord Jefus 

^IbcDgithened him. He v/as aU 

tedy a new-born fen of God ; 

mA fhortly after ang'jis came, and 

C0iidtt€ked him, to a throne of nlo- 

tjt^ hcaren, where he ftiirll lolj-n 

tnth Chrift, in his kinpdoni* for- 

tfer and evjr. T!ie Ibeng'-her.- 

T^ power of Chrii! none but i.:ii:i? 

^SBroel. The f<.k!-;iiJni'v;lipj; onei- 

*its!i fweetncfi an J. 'h: t\lory t)f 

grecc, n'jvt'r c::n be luM- 

^sLby the u?igod!y. L is ih^ire- 

jpEf 'Angelixiaj no v/ocd.T &.n 

the glorious Redeemer is fb ex- 
ceedingly precious to the believer's 
foul ; for he is his life — his de- 
pendence — his ibength, and, in 
ihort, the foundation of all his liap- 
pinefj and glory. Let him there- 
fore, forever be endeared to thy 
foul, as " the chiefcft among ten 
thoufandy and altog^er lovely." 

^ When all thy m^cies, O my Ood, 

" My rifing foul furveys ; 
" l^raafported with the view, 1 'm loTl 
In wonder, love and pnife." 





A CONST ANT reader of 
your ufeful Magazine, ofUn; 
tor explanation the iSihvcTieof 
the vifion of Obadiah. 

^uefl. What is that peculiar 
challenin^ which is experienced by 
God's children ? 

Religious Intelligence. 


r«V • ■ I ■•■» 

GK RDAINED, M.' nt!:, 
f I So I, at Mil:;.:-.'; M:T.- 
•j, \\\c R-v. I)i:i':d J. H/. 
Ed natid JjIlIj (: i':r- 
LOn nurJ: ihc^-Ji.ctiirv i .;i' ci . 

brtrtO!! (N. IL) p^-iclitd t.!.:i.: ■ 

moil ; the: Unvid S":'/r.: 
uf Mciw^y iindc :h- c 'r.'..-.:ry.'.- 
jMi'.Nri ; iliC RvV. AV'/. ...•.;.••' . .. ■ 
mcKSj D. D. <■/'iJ ^oi-vcth. 
cljii'.;'.* ; the Rtv. (.V/AV y^UKurt /,.• 
»)-" ?.j\' .'.■•jn -'^vj t'r.i 1 >»i:l h.:;j':I o- ; Mvl ill' Rs-v. /.- (.'7 
(.7friT.7.v/;/oi Wir-iiihani ii.ail'- li..: 
ccirc'i:dii\;> ji. ly- r. 

Tl.cagicciv.Ci t rf d'.c i-cop!;' iw 
\\x. chtjicC cf I'rtfu*!, Mn;i 
•Ijo *.:-..\:i::rr.f;n iLli,:r us jiiuMion 
!!0\v iu\'*iUing an.on£ thtm, are 
^roir.J* '.'f joy lo -aW good ^toY^e 



Tltrngiu » t limiir Slrna. 
AKX, lr«ii Ihe Leiv'iuiIi' M- 
migbtT roan i 
Id awtui (IrEunitui tighmingt flf ; 
Hn lopj latott doum he poun. 
And wingt bli *cugnio<c ihro' the Dcj, 
9. Thinkclouiliu'cfochiicuTetfprnd 
A.ijhiclc tht day b<.n«ih huleet; 
He3T*a hung in fjbl^ fpots hii drcMl, 
And ibuodcrt louJ ch' alarm repeat, 
3- Id Tain (hall frightol Czlat hide,* 
And haoghtr tyranu fiy the Hami ; 
TttTort rarprUe (he Com of pridt. 
AgktSl at iby trunccdous name. 
4. What iho' die fcenci, -which bmg the 

SprcKl maTerfal (remblmjt rnund, 
lieitt tie quUne, AthciAidk, 
AnJ ill fail prollrate 10 Ok ginmd 1 
J. ^ffe hat a bint refcmbiance Me, 
iil*le(bade, alifrlcadie, -^^^ _,, 
"1% whit the finil day Diill wtyTy' 
When bluing lijhtnijigi Ihcef (lie lf55 

to. Duf SiTimir, in tint folemn day, 
Thy fiictt Stall life, u thy commuit 
Sh jl OiDut th)- tonquelliOB their w» 
AndEiig ihj- grace, at thy right hand 

AIL, facred mom I Thli da; 


Iiof death, the Si 
iour burll ; 
In the dark erase ht lay, 
Bui relc.tnmiipbaDt (rom the dn 
1. Tkii duvning light doth brin^^ 
I1ie !t:IeriDiu tulmgi to out cm 
WiUi raprroutjiij we 6ii^, 
Tb4: Cilrtfi huh baiil the bui. 
,V Cnrne, mortal*, leim hiiWill : 
Hit fined d>y with love rcveie 
Up 10 the holy hUl ■ 

We'll |;Oit->F^y ""^'"""^S' '^ 
4. The watchmen of iHe Son, 

Hit gtcnics in hit hgofcproc'aim 
Th? woiidVouB thitigi be'i dvfv 
I'hc uonders of hii iwijrtnme. 
5- QriZioB"; height! they fljnj. 


onneflicut Evangelical Magazine. 

[tniuiKiD Accaksina to act a 

. n-i 

AUGUST, 1801. 

[N*. 1. 


tbi _^Kul aferal'ioni ef the 
Half JT/Hf. 

HEolcAilnefs of yonrMag- 
, SOBC exceedi the expefla- 
af its hieadi. The narra- 
if tbe reriral of Rcligioa in 
f plscci, awake the atten* 
f manj to the much neg- 
« tbo' all-tinportant truths of 
3ihk> In thefe namtivesi 
lAraKofa fpec ill operation 
^f Ipiiit on the human heart, 
J fiqxwned. This is a doc- 
mauy di&eliflied by the cit- 
tod, ud through ignonuicE 
e amre and extent of moral 

S, pcdereringly oppofcd. 
that all men hare the 
, of Cod alike— that there 11 
eed of hit fjiecial inSucace 
, holy life, and that all that 
t IB die narratives concerning 
irAury operations, ii mere 
and delnfion. — This is 
mat I17 opCD Infidels aJune, 
f fine that are conCdned rc- 
9. if, No. 2. 

and ii dieiefbra 

ligious peo[Je, 
worthy of notice. 

Being afliired, that the atten< 
tlon of Tome, heretofore io cob* 
Uderate niods, has been laM> 
ly excited to this ful^eA by 
the aarratif es you have puUifhed ; 
and feeling its importance) while 
L recollefl the folemn oblemtioiit 
of a late author in thdc words : 
" Fallen creaiuret han no better 
" principle than depiaTedfelf-loTc, 
** and it nuft be the work of th« 
" Holyflpirit to create them to ncir 
** and holy afleAiont. Tore&A or 
** deny the Spirit of God 11 Hut- 
" ting the door of the kingdom oE 
" Hcaren, anddeftroyicg toonr- 
" felves tfie efficacy oE the gofpeL 
•* All thofe who deny the work 
" of the Spirit make the gofpd as 
" ineScacioiu for their own £d> 
" vaticNi at if they were to deny 
•• Chrifl himfelf :" I fay feeliaf 
the importance of this fubjef^ £ 
I am ean>ellly folicitious, that io 
' additioa to what appeart ia the 
; narratives, foniething may be liid 
: expreftly npon it. 1 do not feel 
! as though I (hoolddo ample jufHce 
' to the fubjeA, but I (ubmit ch* 
I following Qblbmiau uimfvn^&p 


0» the /{wlal Dferali»Ki vf the Spirit. 


I your iofptfiion and difpo- 

I I: is idmiited that all men have 
lural [lowers, fuJ^ciem to accept 
|f Chtill, and to lead *■ helv and 
jiO'Js life ; and that all men 
e the-Sjitm of Gdd, at he is a 
Bpirit, jTid evtry where prefcnt. 
Kor wiU I % that all men, in a 
FhriftidB lattd, have not fame par- 
^cultr Awxkcaing intiucoces of die 
holy Spirit at one time or another. 
ftVbat 1 aim at is to oppofc the af- 
T:rtions bctbre mentionci^ and to 
Ely fomeihing in iiipport of the 
;ne of the cxtraordioary ope- 
.1 of the Spirit in forming the 
Kearts of men lo true religion ; and 
fi produdnj all the real holioe^ 
here is in any of the fons of men. 
IVndhcTeit tnzy bcpicir.tfed, that 
oiai depravity o[ every man, 
•i the abfolute need of fuch 
Bpetaiion), and proves that if ever 
^oil favei a Cogle foul, he mull 

of rigbtreu/ar/r and of jttdgment.-' 

Thii is efTcfted in the awaken- 
ing, renewing and fanflifying of 
iJie foul, Hctree, unlefs all «re 
awakened, renewed or fanftifiedi 
all have not the fpiriti and thole 
who are awakened, &c. au An 
fubjefts of it3 extraordinary Opera- 
tions. This confideration, ia 
cocJLinflion with what has been 
faid above on depravity, is, if can- 
didly ncwed, fuffident m rcfut* 
all that is objedcd againlt thedoc> 

But it may be profitable to pu^ 
fue the matter fxinher. And hcTt 
may he noticed what St. Paul fayv 
No rwin /ieatieg h thr Spiril tat- 

uih 7r/« lucurfij. nut if sit 

men have the Spirit fpeaJi by 
iti and yet Jews and Deil^ are 
daily calling Jefus accurfcd ( iiir^ 
ly they have not titc Spirit. 

Out Saviour once, in a holyr^ 

joictng, faid, / thani llir, Fall^ 


On the J^ia! operations nf the Sfirli, 


In the fixth chapter of John, it 
Appears, that the Jews, who were 
ready to believe that Jefus was an 
extraordinary pcrfon, were not- 
withfflaading det^itutc of the pecu- 
liar teachings of the Spirit. For 
Boc only many things which he 
preached unto them in righteouf* 
neisf were confidered as hard fay- 
^g»9 hut he exprcfsly declares 
verfe 63d, that it is the Spirit that 
^heneth : Had they the Spirit 
tbet ftneienethj they never would 
have thought that the nvorJs ofhich 
««rr Spirit and ^Ufere life were hard 
Jltjh^t. Therefore they had not 
ihe Spirit. 

In the firft chapter of John we 
•MC told, that the Lord Jefus came 
4§ bis O'W/t and his czun received 
tim WBi^ hut as many as received 
to ihem gave he potuer to be 
the Sons -of God, t\:n to them 
that heCeved on his name ; IVhich 
iantf not of bloody nor of the 
rfthejlejh^ nor of the will of 

m mU of God. His oivn did not 

geaeral receive him^ all that did 
him were born of God. — 
they were born of God is 
feid OS in a difcourfe with Nico- 
in which Jefus declares that 
a man be born a^ainy of iva- 
^ mad of the Spirit he cannot fee 
ikiiagdom of God. Dapiifm it- 
Utt if baptiim is meant by being 
immtf m/aterj does not fupcrfcde 
Aeneceility of being bom of the 
^iiitm Confequently, even bnp- 
tnd peribns, thou/^h (urroundcd 
%idi the prtfence of God fo as to 
tftafale to fay with the Pialmid, 
ill A I Jball 1 1^0 from thy Spirit ^ 
fRBuy be dellitute of it, in its 

eiir operations towards a holy 
and in need of being born 
it. Here then we find 
te(Hmony that all men 
the Spirit. 
•Hie&me thing is confirmed by 
4lthfllc ptflages which fpeai of 

Chriftians as bom of the Jpirit ; of 
God*8 pouring out hisfpirit; of his 
giving the holy Jpirit to them thai 
ajk him ; and of his giving a j5>/W/ 
of grace and fuppUcation^ which' 
leads anv to look on him thev have 

{weed and mourn : if any do not 
ook on him and mourn, they have 
not the fpirit. St. Paul fays walk 
in the fpirit and ye Jball net fulfil the 
lufis of ihejfejh. Thofe therefore 
who fulfil the lufts of the flefh, have 
not the fpirit. He fays alfo Rom. 
viii. I, ^. that thofe who are freed 
from condemnation, • iialk nnt after 
thefejby but after the Spirit, 2.r\dt/je 
Iwo) of the Spirit of life in Chrijl 
Jefus has made them free from the 
law of fin and death • Where this 
Spirit is there is true religion. If 
ail men then have this Spirit, all 
men arc truly religious ; but this is 
difficult to belic^-e. 

We read of being led by the Spir- 
it ; that the Spirit witvffes with 
our Spirits, that we are the chil- 
dren of God ; that thrc^ the Spir- 
it we mortify the deeds of the body^ 
and that die Spirit is life, and yet 
men are naturally dead in trefpqffcs 
and fins, and many remain (b to the 
end of life. We read alfo of thf 
eamefl of the Spirit given of God 
I to Chriilians, that thro' this they 
look not at the things *ujhich are trm- 
poral but at thofe whieh are eter- 
nal : This however is not the 
cafe of all men. 

The Apoftlc tells us, oi fanffi- 
fieation of the Spirt*, of the gcf- 
pcPs coning to believers in demon* 
Jlration of the Spirit, and in fuc!i 
a manner as that others may no^ 
tice it ; for the manifrflation of the 
Spirit is given to every man to prof- 
it withal. This laft text has been 
frequently quoted in proof that ev- 
ery man has the Spirit. But if 
the word manifejlation be not omit- 
ted, it will no more pro^e lVval3L\!k 
iiJCD have the SplritjiKaiv tv\^ VoVd^ 

0» thrJ^jItftrsiiMu ff the Sfirl. 


ing up or ttanifcitiog that I have 
« book in my hsnd willpro«e that 
•11 u'ho fee it, hare it aUb. 

FurthcTi Chriftiani are known 
to belong toCodby/j^t Sfiritviiici 
ii given l/Km,(tc I John lii. 14. but 
this is impoflibic if aO mec have 
the fpiik ahie, unlefit aU are ChriT- 

Again, Jet us confider what ii 
told us Rom. Tiii. 14. jljeiaayai 
an lid ty the Spirit of Cod ihey art 
lie /ear af Gad. Upon this wc 
may oUecve, if all men hate the 
Spirit of God leading them Ui a 
zcligioug uid holy lii'e, then are 
they all the Ions uf God, and 
there 15 no difiiniTlion of ftate be- 
tween men. One has the fpirit 
and privilege of adoption u much 
i% another, and every one in his 
fouldt crimes, may cty jiiie Fa- 
liter by ibe Spirit 0/ God, without 

falfehood or miilake, and Jade 
waa miftaLen when he faid. ihrf 

ccQcilcd, and the main pvrpofe of 
the gofpd miniliry, which is t% 
bcfecch (inncii in ChrilVt Acad to 
be reconciled to G«d, 19 at an end % 
nay it w:is always unoeceiraiy. 
Hence alfo the promife, Lo J om 
witbyou to ihe end of ilie world, 
is ufelefs. 

The fenfe which ii put on thcfe 
paCigcsof fcriptufc iscoDfirnied by 
■ Tuiciy of others which might 
bemeotioaed. The dodrioe of tho 
extra ordinaiy oiJCrations of the 
Spirit, in order to a holy lifsjfccnis 
to be iotPtwoTen with the wbola 
fyftrra oflhe gofpel religion. B« 
if the texts which hare been 
brought into vic«, do ttoc afford 
contidton 'tii ufclcfs to eiumiott 
Uy more. 

The application of the forego* 
ing pajliges is greatly confifnied t^ 
Chridian experience. Many j»> 
dicioUB profeffon of Cbiiilianity, 
whole lives were ineproacbablci 


JBk ihe fiOmi wpitMk^ ^ the BpM. 


iicaftntiaMilyiofiippQftifakthe | 
ife delodcdy whca wc have net ttf* 
tnl. it oofclres ? Ii icana to be 

10 cMaptrc It 
other thingy the ttfle of 
wtiA we had expmenced to bt 
vvcet* Ana yet* cveo tbcHf we 
n^it aot have the right ideat at 
«c Aoiildibon dUcererby tafting 
kovfehres. When a man tells us 
if dK opcratioiit of the Spirit of 
GodoB his heart* we freqwnt^ 
kiic ready to difbelieve what he 
ttyit or to form feme idea of it 
Ksoidiog to oar preconceived co- 
: lake the man that has ner- 
tallcd honey, he difbelieves or 
HOC receite what is toid him 
k» or compares it with fome 
tnfle wluch is fweet. But as 
iatafiing of honey itfelf he would 
find m- peculiar dilFerence, fo in 
USng the operations of the Spir« 
M-flf Cod which are favinp^, we 
perceive fomething dilFerent 
any that we bad before. 
it teftified by our Lord, 
he lays* if any man will do 
IkviU ,hc ihall know of the doe- 

*- II is frequently objefted, that 
9 if every man has not ibe Spirit 
* of God which is necefTary for 
OBVcrfton or a religious life, 
he is not to bkme for re- 
ling impenitcot." To this 
be replied, that theobje<fHon 
that God is obligated to 
; Spirit in its uncommon in- 
This would be making 
ail finners wifh him to 
fcrrant. But it mud be 

that the objcd of thefe j 

IS of the Spirit, is not to ! 

natond powers to the | 

«d|» bst 60 alter the 4/Sr/nn;ff/</i/I 

te of the heart. God has 

l,^Mtnrai powers enough, but 

•dS: 4riilM$t u(e them aright. 

I it it reaibnabie tliat blame 

him becaufe be does / 

*v aaininj 

sot by almighty power alter theiv 
inclinations ? 

But it is faid that ** lioners are 
*' willing to exert themfelves to 
*^ the uttermoft, and that they 
** iincerely wiih to ufe all their ad- 
** vantages aright;" that is, in oth* 
er words, from a felfiih difpofition 
without any regard to God as God 
(which is the temper of all the 
impenitent) the finner wishes to 
eateit himfelf without ielfiihncia 
and in regard to God as God ; 
or plainer iiill, he felfiflily wilhcs 
not to be fellifh. This it 
the amount of the obje^ion. 
Bnt can God who Ichows the 
whole truth be impofed on, or 
fliall we (as alas! finners commonly 
do) impofe upon ourfelves fo far as 
to believe that in our ieiixlh wilhe? 
not to be ielfifn, we are not felfifli ? 

The finner knows not th<:t God 
tnilvy whom he thinks he is wiliircr 
to fcrve with uprightnefs. His 
underftanding Is dafimed /irtd is 
alienated from the i'ffe of Godf 
through the hlindnefs of the heart. 
The way of finners io darhi-^hy 
they kna*U} not at *what tbeyflumlh ; 
a deceived heart has turned the.Tt 

But 9i\\\ it is replied, " if God 
" bellows his fr.irit in a peculiar 
** and diftinguifhir.^ manner on 
<* fomc> and not on others, he i^ 
« partial^ 

In anfwering this, it may be aflc- 
cd was it partial in the hufbandman. 
Mart. XX, to give out cf his own 
ftorcs as much to tbofc who la- 
bored only one hour— ;.s to thof j 
whuhad boine tlie heat ami bur- 
den of the day ? Were not the 
claims of evei y one iinfwered I Is 
it partial to oivefbrac an opportuni- 
ty for a religious education and not 
to others? Partiality does not con- 
fill in bcftowing greater favors on 
one than on anoihtr, but \t\ ^t»- 
/wering the claims ot or*<r motci 


0« tlej^vi-ial eperatitlu of lH S^rit. 

[Afc of anotliCT, If there be oo 
(bims tbcre cm be no jMrtijIity in 
I'cftowiftg fjTors. If a man, in 
f .'illing 30 account with his neigh- 
baur, Itwuld felf-mnvt d throw up 
the fura of one hundred dollars 
jiiftjy due lo him, wuuld he be 
firtialif he did not tbefameco 
■he next i If this can bcfuppoTed, 
then 3 man never cut remit i debt 
r bellow n f^ior witbou: being 
)>artul, nolefs he doe^i the fame C^ 
'a fimilar circuraflancea. 
ndo what he will with 
bis own : And if he hjve nut 
i-nough foreveiy etiimlcfs peifon, 
he muft beflow a fawr on none, 
let! he be guilty of tlie Ha of ]iai- 

Ag*in, God iiflnally does give 
fomc children h better opportunity 
e eternal life th»n others 
In the couifc of his ProFidenee, 
tii with examples 
andinflmfliDntDf \iKty 

thofc whoarclefi (how their clumsy 
and thrv may reAalTuicd that God 
will not utterly leme then-. Bt* 
if lheyha*eno claims uton him, 
it is very wickfid lo upiraid hia 
with partiality becaufe he i! good, 
and does whit he will wiiii hit 
own. Rather ought c\'cry (inner 
to admire the riches of th« grace, 
which while it palTes otet and 
leavcshim tothejuft confeqitcncei 
of tni rebcMion, myites another 
in£nitc!v blefTcd. His eye ought 
□ut to be evil, becaufe God is good. 
'Tii A great fasor beftowcd os 
them tbatare reclaimed, but it it 
atiogance to iind tiuli becaule he 
does not btfttiw the lanie umneri- 
ted favors un nil. 

Thcfonrg.irg obfsMalioiis lead 
CO a few remarks. 

1. When men have not expeii- 
enced fomcihiiig extraordinary or 
uncommon in iheit minds i» «f- 
peQ of tlicir (inttilnefs and die &!•' . 

fft>r.^ dm 

• ■ • 

Id lefifeirilat odiers teflify reipec- 
Mf ikeir experienee of the open* 
noavaf Ae Hoiy Spirit. Tode^ 
Wf fixk tfaiogt ii» at kaft. to be 
fdkf of frfiehoodf ; pefiuqn of 
%iiH It cxpolet to hardneft (tf" 
and in fome ctfcnmftances 
viththe fa ^hich will 
be fo rgiTcn y it is to refift 

4* To be habituallv in a fiate of 
iHBdityt cfpecially if we are pro* 
tJmn of religion^ and to hare but 
wtm and tften fome u]Kafine& of 
ff c fc eft iu g oar fpiritiui ftate 
hift tn the heart preraib 
dwToice of our confcien- 
it a fearful ftate* It proves 
we are not regenerated ; that 
nMlriendsy but enemies to 
expofed to the threatning, 
Jbaiino longer Jirive with 
If -and, in fhorty that we are 
the borders of everlafting 
And how awfiii muft 
date of thofe who have had 
- jcrioua impreffions andcoo- 
lo their minds, but have 
ail aod turned again tofoU 
J^ Mb tongue can dcfcribe their 
Jkfev 1 ALANSON. 

- ; , 

n Cbriflian Cmnmum<m ; 
ConneSicut EvangeRcal 

>H£ apoffle John» in his ifl 

«pift. 1. 3* fays, That^ 

«tf kant fcen and htard^ 

«v Mrf0 yevy that ye alfo 

ygft U om Mp foitb mi ; and 

'feOo^i^tif is with the Fa- 

md mM his ^m> Je/us 

The term fellowfhipy in 

itt has the fiune fignifi- 

«vidi commuoion. It in- 

^.innnarily, a joint partici- 

i m one common good. 

'Mcms of the apoCUcy, all 

MIMDanion between God 

between oae man 



and another, was at an en^* 
Mankind thence became iuprpnely 
felfifh, and as foch, dilpofed to 
feek every one his own intereft, as 
the iiipreme good. The great anci 
happy change which is wrought in 
men, by the gracr of the gofpeU 
is, that it makes them holy, and 
thence happy, in view of the gen- 
eral good* It accordingly extends 
their regards^ from private intertfl^ 
to the glory of God, aod the fu* 
prerae happinefs of his kingdom. 
When tke Apoftle to the Cor. 
&y8> ^ God is fittthfui, bv whom 
ye are caUed unto the fellowfhip 
of his Son Jefiis Ghriff,'^ he has 
in view their aUblute faftty, on the 
ground of divine promife, and 
thence their joint participation with 
Je&s Chrift, in the joy fet before 
hinr, when he endured the crofs, 
and deipifcd the fliame. Henct> 
when he pronounced this bleiling 
on the Cor. ** The grace of our 
Lord Jeflis Chrift, aod the lev? 
of God, and the communion cf 
the Holy Ghoff, be with you all ^" 
his meaning mud have been, that 
they (hovid be made partakers of 
the Holy Spirit, in his fpecial and 
appropriate influences, and thereby 
be adfual partakers of the grace of 
Chn(l, and the love of God, and 
thence be Ettcd for tlie holy fcT« 
vice of the three in one, who bear 
record in heaven. But the fiibje'fl 
will be more fully illullrated, by 
the following particulars. 

I. The communion of SaiLis 
implies, that they have one com- 
mon intercfl. It cannot exifl» 
among beings, wbofc intercfls are 
feparated, and thence oppofcd, 
each to the other. Hence fays 
the Apoftle to die Cor. «• Whk 
fellowfhip hath rightcoufnels wiih 
unrighteoufhefs, and what cc>i-i' 
munion hath light witl) darkucfs ?** 
So far as men have the ituxvd v.cA 
ipfrit of Chrift, tkey Lave uu^ "^ii^- 

On Qkrjiisa Cenmuun 


CI '.11. iq cQcnnioa ii-ith hun. Jle 
.ilidi of lUthiiiga. Thcyireex- 
Ttfily nwdc ^(i'jW 4<iVx and ^uu- 
.crs urith him. As CbniliiQs 
hcs tiBTc na intetcft, flparnc 
Void hii. Chfift iaith, " All 
Hings, ihat ihe Father hiih, ate 
nine." IIcDuih fiinhrr, to dc- 
«:.:« [I« c^mrauiiity of icieieO, 
wiwten (lie Father and the Son, 
' All mice iire thine, and thine 
ire miiie," Hence, as all tnie 
wtietcrs haye one iotereft, in eom- 
non with ChiiO, iheir hcadt they 
')ave the dme with the Father ; 
fyr laith C'hi^if > " I aod my Fa- 
:lict ite one." Being one in ef- 
fcacci they hjTe one common in- 
Lcreft. This, which is prinuiily 
in; ioGnitc peifei!lion and hapfi- 
Defi of the divine miadr is the 
;i>ad. of which all tjuc believers 
re mide paiukers, by grace. 
^cnte ihey arc not only fo uniud, 
,; io hjve ii cooimuniiy of iouieA 
among thernfelves, for they arc all 

ftfthcr i wtton of purfuit. Co^ 
i^ unifi^imly purfuing hitocvn glory^ 
ai the fource of ^1 rational ba}^ 
nefs i aj that, which furoifhcs tha 
rqeaiu of the molt pcifcii gr*u£- 
cuionand joy, to all hcntruleu 
raiiidf. Cod regardeth ihi», iLK bis 
lallend, ioallhi^^iaiJoat. Hm- 
evidently inieadt to iiuDifcIt hit 
);lory, confiJiing in bis infinite* 
eternal, and unchangeable perfec- 
tion and happioefs, to the view of 
the univcilc. Chiillians, fofaraa 
'J>cy ate fuch, ail mind and pui- 
fue the fame things. In ihit they 
vnhc with the firlt catUe, and tlw 
■all end. They dcfire, and ac> 
coidingly purfue nothing fo mnclit 
as to glorify their God and R«- 
dccnier, and tlicnce promote tba 
di^Hgn of all his wondrous worki. 
The end of all God's coaimancU 
menu it charily nufaf a pure Learl, 
This charity is a purely difiniercA< 
ed and holy affeifliDn. Hence* 
and purfuits, i 


Om Cbri/Kan Ccmfkunionm 


ks own opeiationsy and the hap- 
pincft thcDce ditruTedy through all 
bcDeroleat luinds. Whatever is 
plcafing 10 the Fathertod the Son, 
it Ukeme to all holy creatures, (b 
&r at k fidls within their view of 
thiii^ Hence, believers are fpo- 
kea og as rejoicing, in hope of the 
gloiyof God. They according- 
^ rejoice, in all the profpcrity and 
hqpnefs, which are enjoyed, by 
the church and kingdom of Cod, 
ac wefent ; and in all the good, 
wbch is anticipated, on the fure 
greood of divine promife and faith- 
alneli. Hence, the peculiar joy 
of fimts on earth is the fanie,with 
thit of angels and the fpirits of 
jpft men made perfed, in heaven; 
md theirs is a participation in the 
joft wkh which Jehovah contem- 

rihu own perfe^ions, purpo- 
laws, and adminlihations ; 
md the anfwcrable (lability, ^lory, 
md h^ypinefs of his moral king- 

In view of the prcccdinq ob- 
farvations, we fee how to undor- 

Hcnce, it appears farther, thaf 
Chriftian communion, though in 
fome things, it may depend on 
outward (igns, or circumflances, 
is yet altoj^ethcr fpiritual knd holy. 
It depends eiTentially on the in- 
ward frame of the heart, and is 
founded in that liolinefs, without 
which no man ihall fee the Lord. 
Hence, fallen men can have com- 
munion with God, and with one . 
another, in things pertuiiiing to 
him, no farther, than they are 
made fpiritually alive, by the waffl- 
ing of regeneration, and the j*t' 
newing of die Holy Ghoft. With- 
out this, all, which they can do, 
or experience, however it may 
counterfeit the graces of the divine 
fpirit^ is the fruit of an unholy 
temper, and thence of the nature 
of oppofition to God, and his ho- 
ly truth. Thib Ihows the necefli- 
ty of men's being renewed, ufter 
the image of God, as fundamcnui 
to a confident ':'rofcinon of the 
Chri(tian faith, i:r.d a due attend- 
ance onthciiiftirution oi the Lord's 

SbkU I Cor. X. 1 6. 17. *' The ! r.:pper. 

coBf of blciEng, which \vc bid's, is I We arc farther iviught, by this 
it not the communion of tJic- hlood ■ fubj-jct, no tr/i^'tu/i, vjhlch is 
of Chrift ? the bread, v;t:i:h ^v\.* sfviuultd in mere feifijbnefsy ^j^'Lit- 
fareikt is it n^tt tht CJ^iUiivnior ot rt'./* s.*?/, JlrUinefsy ami c.\.\n:al 
tie body of CI ir:!^ r lor v. c, being /^vmV)-, it woy i:iJuce, is the U oft 
many* are one bread, and one bo- ' i7;i.'.//"//t-t///i;.- fjr the hirrjcLm tt 
dy: for wc are ail partakeir^oi \ieuiiu. It foinis the ijbjtct, :u 
that one bred-*' Comnraiiiu'., ' i.-j dc-i^rcc, fur uiiliino in the holy 
in this holy crdij.ancc. i/. nutniLi-^- • r.'ivi:».y s-ud. jc'Ti o\ tli-; Ije.iveniy 
\m\ joint pa rt:.kii:;! cf :Lc- iciJi .•- :: ite. 'I'iils e.-.pLi!.»i; th^.- ilb!c:o•.• 
kBtatioD5 i.'f Ciuifr?" Ledy " ujcefutv wf lacn's 'b.:\\\g Loiii a- 
Uood. This Liay »:oiiI.ii \ I li . • ill!, that tiicy \\i\iy Ijj the kir ;■ 
v.hcjllv d«::id in fir., i'.uii. oH CJoJ, ana enjoy its bi :- 

!in-r. rrcrj^:.itjrv to ilii;, li.. . 
'1 111' ■ ' ' " / 

•lull ar.d 1; ')*--ir.(.i'.. Itv-::;-'. ..;■ 
i 1 

the r.r. liteiJL: " '. .1^ i.: • oi G' % 



and thcDci: ::t cj:: lit ' \ ill: Cod 
andoae aiioLli^r. buL i> cd (iii«.i- 
pfes partake i-rv*' iv uiu v^id f:;'.;f, 
inihe cxtrci:. kA l.oly h)\c ; und 
hence* xz a b^iiw^iug and j^-yiul 
iCttembraAce of J;:las Chi III, and 
him crucified. Their foulf.,theie- 
txct are felted and nouriflicd, with 
ih^ (Kcad and tl:e watvr of Ijfv'. 

l;at it •:dnii::.- wi !o d*.\U 1:. :». • 
{,:^.r;ii,.c y.'i \\u £biy, it v/ouid N: 

r;/> jo V ''- '..*:;? a . Lv.u \it.*'3iN':':i v^- 

felf would bt a very hell to them, 
from which, if poflJbiF, they 
would make thtir efcape. The 
apparent union Jind joy of holy 
minds, fo far from exciting an- 
fwerable fctJingi in them, would 
fill them with tormenting maJice 
and envy. How alarming is this 
view of the fubjafi, to all, viha 
are yet in the gall of bicternefs, 
and band of iniquity ! 

Finally, how highly honorable 
and glorious, as well as delightful, 
is the fublirae reality of Chriftian 
coramunioa ! It is not a growth 
of the [iridc and vain conceits of 
viiiotiary pbilofopheis who mult 
yet become fools, that ihcy may 
be wife. It is not a mere pari- 
ncrlhip of privileges and plealures, 
with the rich) the great, and the 
Jionorable of the cr.rth, who have 
their portion in this lift. No, it 
cndlefs and holy 

■I madt te BiJin 

he layeth down his life for then 
and all the promifes of the gcAd 
arc aJfo limited lo them. "B 
blelTings which the fiiints Ihall • 
ceive in another world are i 
great J but thefc an 
lac red fcriptures 
God diftioguiihes them from o 
men witl) blelTiogs in this < 
It would be eafy to ftiow, 
refpefls, how they are f( 
guifhed 1 but I (hall confin 
to obfervatioos on the knowled^ 
inftruflions and difcoveries i 
which they are peculiarly fa« 

God is pleafcd to give his faiott 
his word, ordinances and ijiftil»- 
tioiiB of religion. Thde privilegea 
are not enjoyed by mankind iv>^ 
general; but areblcflingswhicM 
britows from his fitigular lore 4 
his own people 

arc others, wlio have theft ptitt , 
leges, as well as ilie faini 

ikind mr^ 
lie, ttMn 

BfmJtSfiiimitt maii:a^Mitiiirt, 



^ in the fa&le. Oar 
wins diici|ilei^ * Unto 
fmi to know the myfte- 
kingdom of heaven ; 
the mBknndeJ it is 
^ f yftcrics are fecretSy 

ctn nnderfiandy bat 
pmcokrly inftrtt^led 
nd according to our 
bbc his diictples have 
To the ume par- 
SkjM, * Eye hath not 
-Mr^tavfaorrdy neither have 
dMOthe heart of man the 
^lUch God Jiath prepared 
that lofe him ; but God 
them onto us by his 
And he adds, * The 
recerveth not the 
the Spirit of God, net- 
he know them, becaufe 
^ritoally difccmed/ 
alfb (peaks of reveal- 
onto his own people, 
dDtk not unto the world. 
and many other pafTagcs of 
which might be mentien- 
that God is gracioufly 
communicate tohis (iiints 
ledge of divine things, 
not give to other men. 
loiowledge here fpokcn of, 
-Merely diflerent in degree, 
4eiiidy from that which oth- 
in common with the 
For this rcafon, the things 
tfaej know, arc called the 
of the kingdom of hear- 
ChrifHan knows by cx- 
tfte natare of holinefs, and 
tween that and fm. 
-dired knowledge, what 
thidfa arc, which in the 
are called regeneration, 
faith, love, obedience, 
wiab with God, Chriflian 
!»' dhmc fupport and joy in 
ilfChoft ; and he has an 
MB^ acquaintance with 
■i things which the bible 
ifci^rthiting to the Ciiri/lJaii 

life. Hehasbeen-io' tbt praftoe 
of them himfelf, aad therefore 
when he reads of them in the Woid 
of God» or hears of them in the 
fandbnaryy or elfewhere, heonder- 
ftandsthe ideas meantby the words. 
Chriftians alfo are the onlv people* 
who know any thing of the moral 
beauty and amiableneis of the char- 
acter of God, and of Chrifi, and 
who are acquainted with the ex- 
cellency and lovelinefs of God's 
moral government. To others 
there is no form or comelioefi in 
Chrifl, why he (hould be defired, 
and they "have no deh'ght in the 
law of the Lord ; while Chrif^ 
tians tafte and fee that the Lord is 
good. The knmvledge, which Tin- 
ners have of God, and of the 
things of religion, is commnnica« 
ted to their undetftandings by 
books and defcriptiens ; but Chrif- 
tians enjoy the teachings of the 
Spirit. Thefe learn religion, and 
the nature of holinefs and divine 
things, not only by book, but alfo 
by praAicc. This knowledge of 
the fpiritunlity and excellency of 
the divine life, and of the things 
of God, differs from the ideas of 
others on thefe fubjeds, much 
more than the knowledge of an 
huihandnian, concerning his bufi- 
nefs, differs from the ideas of it, 
which he could communicate by 
words, to a favage of the wilder- 
nefs, who had never feen any thing 
of the kind. The knowledge of 
the Chriflian is experimental, the 
ideas of others are derived from 
report andhear-fay ; and they.form 
falie and inadequate ideas of all 
thefe things ; and of many of them 
they have no notion at all. They 
arc wholly ignorant of their rich- 
nefs and excellency. They know 
not the Lord. Hence it is, that 
when a (inner is firfl brought into 
the kingdom of Chrift, the Bible 
a/years new to him, andthex]i:axk^^ 


Sfftial Jijitt 

•t maJe It Sriieveri. 


I ef which it treju, very different 
I from tt-hiihecxp«fl«dM> find them, 
I ii he fhould beirome a Chriftian. 

Chriftiani receive gli 

lflr\iftioni, bythfi icachingaof ih; 

I Spirit, which are cotnmuDicatioDs 

I made, not imcnediaielT to their un- 

Idcrftandiugi, but to their hearts, 

Iby which tlieyare cnabJed to fee 

Ithc beiut}- of hoIineA. The Tpit- 

"! of Chrift lo in them. When 

iiie e.f Chrift's apaftlci jilted him, 

' How is it, Lord, that thou wilt 

□itefl th;-f<.If to us, and not to 

Ithc world ?' He replied, that 

|bsth the Father and hirafelf u-ould 

c and tike up their abode with 

1. This rcfpefli a Ipiritual ia- 

3urfe, between God and Chrif- 

i, in which their fpitituallift 

comfort coolijl. This can 

known to noDC, but fuch as 

Jiinake of it. 

rtbcr, that it 

e.that the diflin; 

Redeemer. Accordingly G«l i 
confideti them asveflets let sf^ut 
for himfelf, and he iaftrufis. po- 
rifies and enrichei them, (at hb 
own life and ferrice, to any de- 
gree he pleifes. But this ii not 
the cafe with other men, who !*• 
main the enemies of God. Thn 
arc left to the dire^Hon of that 
own eril hearts, and are TefleU of 
wratb&tiiogforilcfh'uflion. Thej, 
by their eiil ways, judjiethcmfdm 
unworthy of eternal life, and God 
turns from them to hii own people. 
The preceding obfexvstioos are 
fufficictit to Ihow us how it comei 
to pafs, that regeneritioa, bhll 
and m;iny other things, fpoken o£ 
in the holy fcripnites, are fo dif^ 
fercnily underliood by difiercat 
people. Real believers, who haR 
jnly a fpeculabve, but a prac- 
tical knowledge of ifaem, under- 
flaad all the effcntia! things rf re- 
" ' 1 alike, in all rations, mhI 


Remarls on Gene/u xrii. 23. 



whole evil hearts difpofe 
dbento embrace error, in prefer- 
eaceto trath. But 'if any man, 
(frith Cfaxift,} wiU do his wiU, he 
ihaU know of the doctrine, \fr heth- 
critbeofGod.' And an apoflle, 
fpeaidng to Chriftian^y fays» * Yc 
Jure an nn&ion from the Holy 
Ooe* and know all things.' 

Thele obfervations will alfo lead 
Bitodiicover whence it comes to 
pafit that there are fome men, who 
do not believe in the nectiHty of 
iwakemn|rs» convictions, conver- 
fioDt andfuch eamcfl attention to 
die things of religion, as fome- 
dmes take place among men. They 
do not believe in that, which is 
iJMnetiroes called experimental re- 
tpout to diftinguifh it from that, 
which coniiils in nothing more 
than a reputable morality, and a 
fivmal attendance on the ordinan- 
ces of the gofpel. The reafons 
pveoy why they do not believe 
in (uch things, very commonly are, 
that they nev^r experienced any 
thing of the kind, or tliat, at fome 
tsraer dav, they were under con- 
cern of mind, but it wore off, and 
kft them as they were before, and 
tberefbre that they know, by tlieir 
dvB experience, that there is ncth- 
iagin fuch things, but cnthufiafm 
aoddelufion. By this nccountof 
itfKftivcs, they dcfcii')? iho fo, 
who are iq^refcnud hv feed fown 
on fi on V groun«1, which fpringcth 
vp fiiddcnlv, huL foon wiilicrcth 
ivay« inilvdJ of i!i;i\ving this 
Uic ar^l dan;;-Tous c .1: Jufion, it 
ii earacitly \nlhcd,th^t tlicy wcjIlI 
Itriuufiv confiLicr this'jnitioii, 
fiivtnthcmbv our Lrn'\ ' When 
'-he: unclean Ipiiit i^ iyt'i^ •^ut ot 
J«man, he v/.tikcth t'licuah diy 
phces, fccki;jt^ reft jmi li::d'-tl\ 
none. Then he (alth, 1 will rc- 
tum in to n) y i 1 • jufo , f i o ; :i v. h c n ■: : 
I came out, and \vhi:ii he i.i t-cnic, 
bcfindcih it en»i»ty, f\vci>t :ind gar- 

niflied. Then goeth he, and ta» 
keth with him feven other fpirits, 
more wicked than himfelf, and they 
enter m and dwell there ; and the 
lad ftate of that man is worfc than 
the £rfl.' Such men are not Ci>rif^ 
tians ; they have not that knowl- 
edge, which the bible tells us, is 
peculiar to Chriilians, and there- 
fore their want of knowledge and 
experience in thefe things, is fo far 
from proving that they are mere de- 
lufion, that it only proves that 
themfclves are in the broad way, 
that leads to death. And (ince 
this divine knowledge is revealed 
to Chridians only, it is not ftrange many others, {hould difbelieve 
and deny it, notwithftanding the 
evidence we have of it, in the 
holy fcriptures. 

The foregoing observations (how 
alfo the propriety of calling true 
religion, eyterimefiial religion, to 
diAinguifh it from the opinions of 
men, who have had no experience 
in it. 

Finally, It appears from the 
foregoing obfervations, that a man 
mull be a Chridian indeed, that 
he may have any competent knowl- 
edge of the nature andexercifes 
of Chriftianity. * This is life e- 
tcrnal, to know thee, the only true 
God, anci Jefus Chriil, whom thcu 
hiiUc..:.' MIKROS. 

For the Connecticut Evan- 
gelical Maga/ine. 

Gencfis xvii. 23. ^^ And Abra- 
ham tnok If:n:iul his Son^ and 
nil thnt ".u^r: hrn in lis houfe^ 
and all that rt'i ;y Iru-^hf ivith his 
tfimry, tzyy J-.aL- .Tiuorjr tie 
nwn of y!(rnhr'.:*j hnufc ; and 
rir-f.TT::-/''- .'/»' /T'/v ^/* fhnr fntr- 
J^in, in t'r f [f fame day, as 
God h, :. • ftud utii'o h ;/r . " 

HAL) v*v fiifili-lcMl Mghr to di- 
, I'j^t our i:urav.^-, a m\^\\. 

Jirnrarh m Gtiufit xiii. S}'. 


be of fome importance to under- 
hand upon what ground it wUi 
that ritcumcilion wai adrainiliered 
to AbMham's houfeholil. When 
Cod Cr!! inllituted » i;j| of hi? 
new and gracious covtiuni, uid 
gHve in exprefs command that it 
Ihould bf adminillcred to all -the 
male* or Abraham's fnmiij, it 
would be reiTonable to ruppofe> 
that the conditions upon which it 
wai to be applied were fach as God 
deligned (hmdd be obfeived, io hit 
church, in all futute ages. As 
thi< wa; the original inllitutioa of 
« feal, and wat defif^Ji not only 
to dl^tingnilh and feparatethc fam- 
ily of God from alt othcrc, but to 
initiate and introduce into it ; it is 
rcafjr^ble to fuppofe, that the pof- 
V:i\:y of Abraham wonid follow 
hit example ia its admtniftmiion. 
Not only f-ii but it will be-hard to 
admit, that the icrMi upon which 
God originally direiScd an^ 

imcileJ. were difFercnt from 

were circumciled enly oa Abr^ 
ham'; account, without any regard 
to their own perfonal qualilicatioDt) 
is, at leali apparently, incoaflAeiit 
with the dircdions afterwards gi*!" 
en, by the God of Abtaham, tA 
pefting ihe adniinifl ration of the 
feal of the carenaot of grace. 
Ju<l before hit afcenfion, Chrill di- 
TcAcd hi* ApolUej, Matt. xxriiL 
19, "Go teach, (Jifeipit) Mta^ 
tions, baptizing them". Uodei 
the ChriCVian difpcnfation, baplifn 
takes place of circumcilioa, and is 
a feal of the fame covcnaot of 
promife — the fame righieoufnefs of 
^th. But if the Apoflles of oar 
Lord were not to adminiftcr thia 
feal to thofc, to whom they preach* 
ed, until they K'ere £feifIadvaA 
appeared to embrace the Chriltin 
fjith : ihercneedt fome caution i> 
admitting (he fuppolition, that, hf 
the cxprefs command of Godi ^ . 
m to be adminillered to 
mder the former diftjc 

to tfao(e» to whom -the gof- 
fdis peached. It is true* wc 
hsf&fatt few matemb from which 
to colled the moral chara^ers, and 
jndge^ 4liredly9 of the pcrfonal 
piety of Abraham's ferrants. Wc 
aic»aevcrthele(s, not left pcrfeAly 
ndK dark with regard to the fub- 
jefiL Abraham's eldcft fervant, 
who was fent to take a wife to 
I&IC9 appears to have beeo- eroi- 
■eody pioiUi And God had^ be- 
kmf nidf Gen. xviii. 19. ** I 

Abraham that he wiU com- 

his children, and his ioufe' 
Ud after himt and they fliall keep 
the way of the Lordte do juftice 
ad JQcl^t." This is a di- 

tclnmony to the fidelity of 
It feons that, on tri- 
dt God had found him faithful. 
Hnoe there is great reafon to fup- 
fsfe^ that Abraham had been a 
Mjafhl and £uthful inftruAor of 
fii honfehold, uught them the 
idigion, and labored to form 
family to the knowledge 
love of God. 
: s. It appears that God was now 
OoHrfKng and forming a church, 
in the fiunily of Abraham, to be 
dMiiwui flied from alirother people, 
H weD by a particular, vifible mark, 
or badge, as by larger and more 
explicit promifes than had been bc- 
fbtc made. This mark God fliles 
hia covenant in the^ fle(h. This 
wit a leal, on his part, of his 
cofcnant of promife. And this, 
fiomthat time forward, until the 
imrodudion of the Chriftian dif- 
penfatioot was initiating ; and was 
the only door into the vifible 
church. And the feal of the fame 
onrenant of promife, ever fmce 
Ihe afirenfion of Chrifl, has been 
e|ully initiating into the Tifibie 
tally of God ; and, will remain 
fai to ihe end of time. The eir^ 
tmtyidyfct^ confidercd, under the 


fbnner di^nfittioii, as membeta; 

of the vifible family of God £.. 
the uncircumcifed as firangers anS 
aliens. So it is now in regard of 
thofewho are baptixed according 
to the dhre^ons of the word of 
God ; and, thofe who remain un* 
bufiivMl. The cinumcifed not on* 
ly might, but were required to eat 
thepaflbver, under the former dif- 
pcniation : But this was forbidden 
to the uncircumcifed* So none* 
but they who are laptiiud may par- 
take of the Chiiftian pafTover ; all 
others are to be excluded from it. 
Thefe confiderations feem fufficient 
to fupport the opinion which has 
generally been entertained, that, 
with the inflitution of circumcif* 
ion, God fet up a church in this 
family of Abraiiam. God had a 
church in the world, before this ( 
but its members, fcattered here and 
there, were not formed into adif- 
tind focicty, or collected into a 
particular family ; nor were they 
diftinguiflied from the red of the 
world, by any fpecial, viiible 
marks. But now God was fating 
up a church, to live and be perpet- 
uated to the end of time, which 
was to be diflinguiOied, by an ex- 
ternal, vifible mark, from the reft 
of mankind : And this marky the 
feal of a p,racious promile of his 
mercy and favor ; and, that this 
churth flMuld never be foriaken or 
cali off, but (hould live ::nd flourifh 
to the littll generations. 

This church is God*s f.imilv — 
God's own hoiifchold, in the raidfl 
of which he v. ill tv.r dv/e!! — foal- 
ing to its iiiLribtis the pracicus 
pioniifc, th»t l.c \\ill be their God. 
On this clii:rch God has had his 
heart frcin cternitv. lor this 
the world was made ; And fci thir, 
the Lord of ^^i^y died, and I'.ov^ 
lives, and v/i!i live and rei;Mi till 
her laft enemy fliall be do(iro>jcd. 
The chwch| credtdVtv ^.\v: liCTC^X^ 



rkt Bh GeaflU xvii. 11,. 


of AbiahiDi, ind diflingiiiihed by 
ihc ftil (Jl God's gra;iows cove- 
nant and ])rura\le, it thf 'lame 
church of the living God, which 
Itill CKili*. though UDder a pilfer. 
cot di^>:nra:ion ; an^. ii dilliogtiifh- 
cd from ths vtA of die woild by 
:ta outwud, though different, fc^ 
of the fiinK gTJcipus covenant and 
promife, which was made and feal- 
td to the father of the faithful. 

Thefe coulidcriiioni would nat- 
urally lead ui to fuppaft tnat, when 
God himfelf beg-ao a chinch, to 
be diltingoiihed in .ilt hiturc ages 
iiota the re A of roan kind, he 
would form it sgtceaUy to the pat- 
tern, which, when afterwards 
nuniteit in Aefh, he gave to hii 
apoflles, of a Chriftian church. — 
That, in the formation ot this 
church, the Lord himillt' would 
obfervc the fame rules, which he 
required hi3 apoillcs to obfcivcio 

.;ting churches. — A.aA, thiil hi 

pctiutfd in all age*, sad i-Ktr 
which oMir, to whom the Apol^ 
\ia» were lent to preach, were 10 
be adtniiied by baptiCni but fitth 
33 were vilibly b>:licvers. 

lliaC God himfcll' ihoald A.m£t 
and Tuquiie Abraham to fndlc 
feal of ihc.righteaul'oefs of ftiih an 
adulia, without any legard totfacir 
perlboal moral chjrader« \ — that 
h« (bould, in the firll iiil)dB<:e, di> 
rcifl the church, with whom he 
fxid he would dwell, and to whom 
he promifi^d 10 be a Father and a 
God, 10 be coraptjied of mciobcri 
deltiiute of viable nurk$ of ^tay- 
toward him ; — ilut ihis Ihuuld bt; 
the vifible chutch redeemed froMr 
ainoog men, and formed 10 fltotr 
fonli the praifef of him, who hub- 
called them to glory and vlrtuA t 
^nd, thai, aiitnvards, he tbbuld 
direft peculiar care to be uftd re. 
rcfpeiSirg tiic nulerials ol wkickj j 
his houfc is to be buildcd, iindror | 



a life eo receive the indi- Tht dcfigs of dl which Vtt* kot 
fbottchtocoinDcetfae ^mditftU 
at to exdKtheferioui«ttmioii<af 
the incoalidenie> aod io^fditbe 
inflaence of dinne anUiMity u a 
nwttar of the vttiofl inponutce to 
& right and tccqitabk perfenDaac* 
of the dBXf-~4ar, *< wbatfoerer it 
not of faith, n 6m-'' 

Tbtt pas6a^ Bwwcr. boih 
M to omwinl ti& mi moral tttii> 
per with which the tbtj ii to b« 
periar»ed( yet rahnns nfae Gonfid* 
ered ; uidtfaiaiitheiropaMMd^ 
ofcoqoiiyuithepdeDtiHiKifaQr. - 

Ai thefntgcft prdeats ttTctf in 
a twcrfbid view, tik. t^tntai and 
Mter«d^tfai(method of treiliDg,it ii 
accwJiigly fi iggefted. Andaata 
the firfi, we iwty oUerre, thtt 
nafimasd coinniaa lenfc, aa wcB 
aa the a»cniri«g authority of 
ScriptuTc, point ont the proprietyi 
yea. the duty of qoaliiyiiig our- 
lelrei in the knowledge both of the 
theory and the prafHce of the mu- 
fical ait) that we may join in that 
part of wotihip) fo that the exer- 
cifei of God's hooTe may be per- 
formed decenllj and in order. To 
diJconneS, or difcerd thii princi* 
pie from our idea of the dutjr, 
would manifeft an extreme degree 
of ftupidity, and of difterpoa for 
a divine ioftitution. As a general 
lule, perhapi it would go as far to 
difprove a hean of pietyi at an ear 
&r mnfic. Ill-timed finging, or 
a medley of an hundred jarring dif- 
cordant founds poured upon the 
car at once, mull have fuch a dif- 
■greeable efied, as will tend rath- 
er to extinguiffa than excite devo- 
tion. This idea then, that we 
mull fo fing as to make melody U> 
the ear) mull be taken as a giveo 
firfl principle. Voluntary penance 
enters not into relteious worfhipi 
and the eifeA of dilcordant found* 
!t ad- I is Gmply the feoiation of diftrefs 
and hqiTor. 

diHioguifhing mark of bcvg 
nant with ilic holy Codi 
previouOy (nilruftingiliem 
_ the facred nature and Jefi^ 
/it lie JDllitouon i or, when thu 
on their lejeflingthe 
of which circtinnci&aa 
I— the leal, that he lliould \m- 
and to adminilier it to them.^ 
lirfi: cottUderadons alone, able 
itn what has been before ur^di 
in^ appartntly plauljble objec- 
■ioM^usti the opinion, that the 
idaklonntsaf Abr:ihain's hooft- 
Ud wen drcumcifed on account 
<f <iu faitht without any rt;gar<l to 
Acir ova pcrfbnal charadcrs. 

- — 

^^k (ir Jitly and mforlatice ef 5*. 
^KU J»V/2jp,— Particularly ia 
^Hecxercifeof Pfalmndy. 
^^V '^Continued from p. 1 7. 

St/lltd luiih lb! Spirit; 
iln^ lo yourfcltiii in Pfalm, 
' Hymn, and Sfiritaal Songt ; 
filing Hill rnniiag mtloiiy in 
jta In art lo the Lord. Paul to 
the Ephefians, v. 19, 10. 

THAT public worlhlp, in 
fomc fonn, is a duty of per- 
le^at obligation on men, is gene- 
■dy admiittd 1 and its impanaot 
nfaikiD CO Uie imercHs of huraan 
Boty, a fcJt, and rarely denied 
nen hy ioadcli. 

"Hut Pfilraody in particular, 
« the cxercife of vocal mufic in 
te poblic worihip of God is a du- 

Lof diiine inliitutlon, ard ai 
k has b<eii pra^iffd by ±e peo- 
ai Gc^ in every a^ of the 
Jhu ben confidered in my 
ma/OKt, and the ^nAolic 
«■ ttthe head of this, to- 
■idi Tarioaa pallagei from 
"* " ficripnrei 



On Social fVorJhif. 


As I am iviw trcAUng upon the 
external part of the duiy» permit 
me CO defend Dill more minuidy 
upon matters of form ; for what- 
ever \i conneflcd in point of pro- 
priety with this fubjefl cannot be 
viewed as unimportant. In the 
exercife ot ihis, as well as CTery 
other art of worlhlp, we Ihould 
obfen-e a decent, folemn and reg- 
■!ar deportment — not indulge in 
poftures of (loth, of apparent in at- 
n and indifference — in no in- 
decent, light »nd trivial gellures. 
Our eyes fhould be upon our 
I books — not an linneccffary 
whifper Ihould efcapc from our 
tipi, and sever a fmiie of levity 
appear upon our faces. — Oui ar- 
ticdatioo Ihould be clear, eur pro- 
nunciation diftinA, our eniphafis 
corrcifl and natural as in reading or 

if we feel, as we ever fiiould 
feel in this duty, th; 

grcttcd by many people of fcriom 
minds, and corrcifl mufical ufie. 
There is fnrely a certain Gtncfs and 
propriety to be attended to io thi* 
matter, or we are at once expofed 
to very unbecoming extreme. 
There is nothing facred in founds 
it will perhaps be replied ; and it it 
as readily granted ; but that tbci^J 
is not fomething in certain tran&n'f 

and mDdi6oitions of foiui 
Icfs calculatt'd than others, ' 
cite fcrioufnefa and dcvc 
therefore not fo proper t 
in the folemn exercife of divi 
wot/hip, furely c; 
ed. And that flighty, linic 
airs of mulic form the befl i 

en, and the moft fuit 
to addrefi our direft aod fold 
homage to the King etemd ii 
I temple ot the living Cod, v "' 
be conceded. 

But the great and eflential a 

Om Social Wmfiip. 


eeof the'dmy is, « beO- 
Idle Spirit.*^ Here ban 
hkbyjperhtpsy manjof the 
I of ficred mufic have not 
tK conifidercd ; ami per- 
I m aD their timet attention 
cafe beftowed in learning 
ifaej htve not eran brousht 
■ccxmnt as a qualification 
■triik religiotts praile. If 
heiiit for once attend care- 
llie infinidioD of the bible, 
ave cooTidion of truth. 
» » fimediing (hiking and 
«e in die conne^on which 
dnfeof this fcripture paf- 
(i vidi what immediately 
r it; ** Be moi drunk vntb 
\thm it exeefs^ bat be fil- 
\i die Spirit, fpeaking to 
ei in pGdms and hymns/' 
^Ayple of temperate lives 
C> readily apprehend any 

Saidi the prophet Ifaiah» " The 
harp and the viol, the tabret and 
pipe and wine are in their feafls, 
but they regard not the work of 
the Lord, neither confider the op- 
eration of his h^ds**. (Ifmak r. 
12.) The prophet Amos gives 
the &me defcription. ** They 
chant to the Ibund of the viol, and 
invent to themfehres infirumentsof 
mufic like Davkl— diat drink wine 
in bowls, and anoint themfdvet 
with die chief ointment, but they 
are not grieved for die affliction of 
Jofeph''. (Amos vi. 5, 6. ) How 
difpfeafine to the Moft High was 
this prolhtution of mufic, the 
fame prophet gives us to under- 
ftand. ** Take thou away horn 
me the noife of thy fongs, fi^r I 
will not hear the melody of thy 
•Theft fcripture paflages, I think, 
pplication to themfelves, of explain the connection of the fbr- 
of the apoftolic injunc- mer one, to which we have advert- 
cfnrai by way of reproof ed ; and (hew us, that the ufe of 
saoft think, that in its con- mufic, for felfifh, carnal, (enfiial 
it contained an important ends and purpofes, is divinely fbr- 
■I fiar all ; and as far as , bidden ; and that, like all other 
by improper mo- enjoyments, it is to be improved, 
attention to themufi- with either an immediate, or ulti- 
■nd do pervert the melody ' mate rcfpeCt to the {ervice of God ; 
aiees to a wrone and im- either to unbend and relax the mind 
ndy we are notfo uninter- from cares ; torefrefh and enliven 
tepilEige, as at firft feem- the animal fpirits in a (hteof de- 
the reproof, by implica- jedHon» or under too great intenfi- 
Atlly reaches us. And ty of mental exercife, and there- 
of iee a general propenfity ; by the better fit us for the aCHve 
ind to abufe and pervert < duties of life ; or, in the nobleft 
sd trt of mufic ? The ufe ufc of mufic, to enkindle a fpirit 
I grttt part of mankind of dc\t>tion in our fouls— to wor- 
nnfic, and the higheft fhip and glorify God. 

In the dire^ion given us by the 
ApofUe for the performance of thf 
duty, he fets up a character, moral 
temper, performance and enjoy- 
ment, in the exercife of the mu- 
fical art, in direct contraft with 
what immediately precedes it.— - 
As if he had fiud, wonld ^om ^11- 
jQj true plcafure in the ctetins «l 

propoie from the pradicc 
vmcnt of it, is to excite 
■ds, and give a keener rel- 
ays of eonviviality, if not 
■d intoxication. A mer- 
thfc bottie or card-u- 
the infipidity of mif- 
c^ and adds a gaiety of 
19 dieir te&re muth> 

Rtvivati^ Rtttfiott in Pfymomh. 

mafic, apply ihe irt to the proper 
end for which i[ wu dcGgned and 
given to man. Seek it not in the 
fong of the dninkird, or the lewd 
batUd of the fenrudift, but itddrefi 
vout melody in humble fervent 
\<ror(hip( to him who formed tt> 
fong yonr tuneful voices, " fpeak- 
ing to yourfclTes in pl^nu and 
hymn) und fpiritual fongi, lingulg 
and making melody in your hcirtj 
toihe Lnr.l." And for thii end, 
*' be filled with the Spirit" — he 
aJBrnikted, in the temper and dif- 
pofnions of your hearts, totheglo- 
rioH! moral charaQer of Deity, the 
jnfieiie fource ind Ihndard of all 

pecfeflton Wh« it is to be filled 

-with tlie Spirit, ne may learn, by 
knowing what are the genuine et- 
h&» of the Spirit's fsnflifying ope- 
tations upon the foul. " Now the 
fruits of the Spirit are thcfe, lm>e, 
j'<;i, trace, long-fupring, gntiaufs, 
^aodntfi, faiiht niielnifi, lemfC' 


nothing but difcord in fuch a heait 
how tuneful focrer may be h)a 
voice. But where the tou^ and 
turbulent ^alFions are bnoMhcd 
and reguliutd — all the powers and 
faculties of the foul — all (he iSn^- 
lioDt and defirci of the hcan* 
(hike unifon in loTc CO God and 
man ; here it melody indeed, it ii 
the melody of tlic heatt : — bere ta 
cdcftial multc ; it ii the harmony 
of the fotil. This on earth prfti 
ludes the exercife of a.ngeh, aod 
the tranfports of beaten. 

If then Pfalmody, be a diviM 
inOitucion, which we cannot doobti 
it ought to b* diligently cullirateJ 
and reverently attended. Ld 
none remain inattentive to the Amef\ 
or infenfible of their obligaboH 
to fing G')d's pr^fc in his piibtii 
worfhip Let all be exhorted to 
unite witii thi." mufic of their voii 
CCS, that melody of the 'hem 
which the facred fcriptures enj 


Rffivalpf RtUgkn in Pfymouiim 


Jtftker partiailany relating to the 
lue Kviral of religion in thit town. | 
About four or £yi: months af- I 
the ittention began* two lads 
young men, who lived near 
ocber» having finiihcd their 
duly, labor in the field, met in a 
Icboot-houfe near by» and fpent 
ibe evening in religions converfa- 
They had not fpent more 
tvo evenings in this manner, 
their being together and the 
tbereofy was known to fome 
a the neighborhood, who, the 
time they met, joined their 
About this time, I 
of their meeting, although 
not generally known. A 
at once, arofe with refped 
die propriety of encouraging fo 
_ z clafs, of the different Icx- 
Becting by themfelves, for re- 

yms purpofcs ; without fome one 
more age and ex\)eriencc, to 
tend their meetings, and 
regularity among them, 
iieBbto inllru^ them, in things 
pHtmning to the kingdom of God, 
their own faivation. At their 
meeting, I vent among them, 
found nearly forty males ;ind 
from about eight to about 
years of age, convened 
the purpofe of praying togeth- 
reading, fioging pfalms, and 
upon religious fubje<ris. 
now defired by them L met 
them, weekly, for fcvcial 
f • The fecond time I met 
them* there were aboiit dou- 
the number there were the tiril 
; ancHhe third time, I judg- 
cdabout one hundred and torty. 
Altfaough it was now the bufiel^ 
fialoQ of the year with farmers, 
being about harveft-timc, and the 
'ngs ihort, young men and 
and children, came from a 
of feveral miles ; and much 
part appeared to have j 
Binds ixnprcfTcd with fcriouf- j 

nefs ; for in every part of tfap 
houfe, tears were (ten, and fighs 
and fobs heard ; aldio' endeavors 
were ufed to fupprcfs the one, and 
to conceal the other. Tbefe 
meetings of the young people and 
children, were kept up for feveral 
months, and until more elderly 
people, who wi(hed to participate 
with them in their devotional ex- 
crcifes» came in among them, and 
fo rendeied them commop for 
thofe of every age : but it is ho- 
ped, the religious impreiEons made 
at this time, upon the young and 
tender minds of a number, will 
never be wholly effaced, but remain 
through time and be like a well of 
water, fpringing up into everlafting 

I (hall now uke notice of fbme 
exprefKonf", or forms of fpeech, 
made ufe of by individuals, du- 
ring the time of the awakening. 
Thefe cx|>ieiri'>nfj and forms of 
fpeech, fo far as they indicate the 
exercifts of the heart, will (how 
what the views andfechngs of fome 
were ; i^nd perhaps, afford a fpe- 
cimen of tlie whole ; for it is not 
doubted, but (Imilvir views and feel- 
ings were common to many, if 
not to moll of thofe among us, who 
have been the fi.bje<5ls of an un- 
common 0}H,*iutiuri of the fpirit. 

When one was afl:ed, "Do you 
' hope you haveacquaintedyourij^lf 
' with God, and arc now at peace 
' with him ? Or fhould you kavc 

* this world in your prclent ftate, 
' what would your end be ?" The 
anfwer Wiis, " I do not know what 
' my ilati* i-^, nor what will bc- 

* come oi nie : I am in the hands 

* of Goii, who hath a right to and 

* will do with mc as he pieafeth ; 

* and I know he will do right." 
^efl'toih " Do you tliink yourfcif 

* a (inner, and tliatyou defervetobc 

* forever feparated from God^ w^d 

* fobemadeeveTlalV\t^g)^\tt\fe\^\>\tV* 

Rtvivaiof Rtliflm 'm Plynndh. 

Ai^iutr, " V«, I know I am 1 

* linncr and dcfcrte eternal death j 

* ind if Cod (hould cart mt off 

* fbicvcr. ind make me cvcrlafting. 

* ly mir^mblc, I ntver lliould have 
■ any juU ciure to complain." 
^fiwn, " Do you fcel reconciled 

* to the will of G»d : i< it the joy 

* of your bcanthstthc Lofd reign- 
' edi i acxl cm yia trait yourfelf 

h his bandu, .ind leave it with 
him to do with you at he pleaf- 
tth !'■' A^S-aur, " h f«m» to 
rae 1 can. I know he docs and 
will do right." ^jlmn, " Do 
you thiak you love 0>m) for what 
he b in himfclf >" Anfwr, " I 
hope J do." ^'^Ji?», " IfGixi 
fiiould rejea and cart you off 
rarcTert do yon think you (hould 
ft.ll lov^ him >" An/tofF, " I 
(hould hjvc ihc fime reafon to 
liivc hir.i for what hi: is in him- 

* ftif. as I (h/iuld if he fhould 
make mc happy, and it feenm to 

I/ho.'-- ■ 

' deceived, and whit reafoa hm 
' you to beliere your prefcnt iu»pe 
' is not that of the hypocritCi 
' whichwillfail you when God (hall 
' lakeawiy the loul ?" An/wer, "I 
' have vieVs >ind foelings now, 
' which I never had brtbrc. I 
' never had fucb views of God aad 
' Chrilt and holinefi, as I now 
' have : i never wilhed to tojoj 
' God and Chrift as I now do." 
^Mfjli^, " Are you fo confident 

■ of your good clUie, as that jroa 
' arc not alraid to die f An/mrr, 
" Sometimes I am, and fonietime* 
' I am not, and fometimcs I i«l 
' as if I wifhed I was dead." 
^Heffian, " Do you ever feel a 

* willingneft to leave your relatioiM 

* and companions and friends, aod 
' now in the days of yuur yomb 

■ lie down in the cold and liIcBt 
' grave f" Jinfwer, " Yes fotoe- 
' times I do." ^iifiion, " But 
' why Ao you not t'cci fo at aU 


Revival of Religion In Plymouth. 

1 hungering and thirftiog after 
riglueoufiiefs, a rclifli for and de- 
list in the duties of religion ?" 
AmfwoTf ** Yes* above any thing 
■ the world. I ufed to think I 
took pleafure in being in young 
company» in attending bails and 
ecKer amufements ; but I now 
Cnd more fatkfaAion in reading 
Acbiblcsconyerfingupon religion, 
and attendiag religious duties, 
tlan in any thing elfe ; and have 
■om plesuiire in attending one 
idGnODS meetinff, than I ever 
look in all the buJb I ever attend- 
ed. And aJtho' I have read the 
Ude through feveral times, I 
never open it now, but I find 
IbaiOChmff oev in it, fomething 
I never uw before.'' 
To another it was faid, '* Do 
yon find by experience that Chrid's 
yoke is eaiy, and his burden light ; 
his ways pleafant, and his paths 

jffiftverf " Yes, and I 
believe there is no real happi- 
in any other \i'ay, than in 
walking with God, and keeping 
fcbcontmandmcntt. J have lived 
a nnnber of years in the woild, 
withooi God, and without attcnd- 
■g to the duties of religion, or 
pnAifinggodlinefs,and thcntho't 
■iy£elf happy ; but I never knew 
what happinefs was, until of late ; 
and have enjoyed more real happi- 
withio a few months, or 
weeks, than I ever enjoyed, 
in all my life before." 
Another faid, " I never, until 
of latey knew what friend Ihip 
meant ; I never loved and enjoy- 
ed my friends and acquaintance, as 
I BOW do. I wiih to do them all 
the good I can, and want they 
(hould experience the poM cr of 
godliccfs, and tafle and fee how 
good the Lord is. I lately attcn- 
dcdpublic worfhip upon the fab- 
hsthf in a neighboring town ; 
die ainifier pt cached a very feri- 

ous and good fermon, and appear- 
ed to feel the importance of what 
he faid ; but many of the hearers, 
efpecially of the young pccp.!e, 
were vciy inattcnti\e,and feme of 
them very rude. 0,howdidIwiH» 
fome wordfpokenbythe preacher, 
might reach their confcicnces, and 
fome arrow prick their hearts, 
check their levity, and make them 
ferious ! To fee a minifter, fpend- 
ing his flrength for nought, and 
young people trifling and playing 
in the houle of God, gave me very 
difagreeable feelings ; and if my 
heart does not deceive me, I wifh 
all may be faved." 
Another faid, ** In early life I 
was thoughtful about religion, and 
for many years paft, had a great 
dcdrc to profefs Clirifl, and com- 
mune at his table. Bot doubts 
and fears, rcfpcifling my prcpar- 
ednefs for tranfa^ions ib fokmn 
and important, always kept me 
back, until of late, when my 
mind hath been foltronglyimjrcf- 
fcd with a fenfe of its being my 
duty, I couldiefiain no longer. 
I therefore publicly gave up my- 
felf to God, and the fame day 
communed at the Lord's tabic ; 
but notwithoutiearand trcmblin;*, 
left I fhould eat and drink unwor- 
thily. The night following, as I 
lay in bed, meditating rj^on what. 
I haddone,cxitminingmyfclf, and 
praying to God, that he wouki 
lead mc in the way cveriaiHng, I 
fuddcTilv Lad filth niwniftUations of 
Gcd and ChrifUnd fuch a time oi 
rcfrefhirg as I never had bctorr. 
It fccmcd as if I l^theld heaven 
opened, ?hd Chrili (landing oii 
the right hand of God. Not tlia'- 
I faw an\ thing v/hh my bodily 
eyes, the w hole w;i? mental. God 
appeared glcriOU£.in hclircrs, ^.lui 
asanabfciutf Ibvcicij^^njaiidL-hrii*. 
an;:blcand willing Saviour. My 
heart h\ ijcarcd Al once YtWTvt^t'i 

Jievival tf Rfligioa !e P^ata:h. 


c> God, Afid I recmiU to hive do 

• choice of my owiii but whollv re- 

• Cgncdio God ; and my u-ili fwal- 

• lowed up ID his Mill. Clitiil iip- 

• (iciredbolhableandwilliiigtof*^ 
" DC, 31 unworiliy is I w»». I 

Kiw experienced liich Joy ag 1 
lereiriiJbctbre. laiiemptcdto 
I' dei'cribi: ii to a friend in bed with 
, bin it wM joy unfneikibiy 
h erc»i, joy unuticfahJe. My whole 
f fou! iccrncd to bt Twallowed up in 
f viewing God and Chiift, withont 
P reflcAing I had, or cTCr fliould 

Y hxre anymiercll ineithcrof them, 
f I itjoiced in God and rejaiced in 
f ChriD, on account of the gtorioBs 

Y beauty and cxceJienciet, which I 
f &w in tbcra. From that momenti 
f I hi« felt a fweet calmneTi and 
I" ferenity of mind. Ifcem tohav; 

vill of my own, but my will 

' compaicdwithAtcharinfui wretch 
' as 1 am. TbcyDCTCr ditfaonoKd 
' the Gijd that made ihcnii u I 
' have duiie. Thry ncvei diflttvl 
' the SaTitiur, nor griCTcd ihc Uo- 
' ly Spirit tif Cod, as I have doB& 
' Thty rc»ir connnitted the fi» I 

* have. O I how mean aiid tile 1 
' am ! I am meian and vUer 
' than the meancil and mod coa- 
' iei&|iiiU: woim. How wonder- 
' ful and aflunifhlng that God 

* fhould liifler fiich an unvoniiy, 
■ ill-dcfening aeatuTe is I am r> 
' lire in hit world, to iicad ujioii 
' hit caiih, 01 breathe his lur, € 
' ddcTTcd to huTC been (faut up in 
' heti long iigo. and yet I am Hul B 
' prifoner of hojie : Oh.l Uic 
' goodotfs »rA long-fuffciiBg rf 
' God, and the icgiatitULie and 
' u-ictcdncfi of hardened finnew!'' 

I (hall now fubjoin a lew ex- 
triifis from fomc lettcn, lent lo 
par.icular friccds. They v.-ere no* 


RivSvalof ReSgstm in Plymouth. 


ftreams munnuring over the peb- 
bles* the hmbs ikipping io the 
meikdows, and the Urds od the 
bmidiet ftnuning their little 
thioits ID inelodioas (bngs ; aJl 
fyak^ in different ways, their 
ma&er's praifc Should not wc, 
,«lio are endowed with reafon, 
join tn praifing the creator ; even 
the mute creation would find a 
Toicey and upbraid our (Hence. 
Let us in our youth attend to 
,die one thing needful. Now is 
ihe bcft time to lay iti (lore a good 
famdafioa again ft the time to 
It is written, remember 
thy creator in the days of 
ihy youth. And now is the ac- 
cepted time. If you afk, what 
dus world is, and what the pleaf- 
siet of it are ? I anfwer, vani- 
'Af of vanities, all is iranity. 
There IS no real and fubftantial 
hqipintls in the enjoyment of 
anything this world affords. If 
yonr ideas of this world arc the 
lame with mine, then 

" Whilfi the buTy croud, 

** The Yain, the wealthy & the proud, 

" In foUy^s maze advance, 

** Tho* finpilarity and pride, 

* Be callM our lot, 

" Well ftep afidc, 

** Nor join the giddy daoce/^ 

The lame writes again, " I re- 

* tire from company, to convcrfe 

* alooe with one I lovc ; for fo I 

* call writing to a friend. Wiiat 
'privileges liiivc we which ihou- 

* ttcds are denieil ? Wc have kind 
'parents to inftru^ us, din taught 
'to write, and thus to convcrfe 
*with abf.nt friends. Let us ini- 
' prove our advantages and culti- 

* vate our minds in c.irlv life. Do- 
'ing this will render u^. dutiful 

* children and faithful friends ; 
' render the path throi]«]h life plcaf- 
'ing, and a death-bLd cafy. 

* When I hear people complaining 

* of their misfortunes and hard- , 

\nL, IL No. 2, 

* (hips, I often fay in my hearty 
' alas, there is no caufe of com- 

* plaint, but the higheft reafon for 

* gratitude and praife. Nature is 

* eloquent in praifing the creator. 

" But man alone intent to ftray, 
•* Ever turns from wifdooi*! way. 

Until you fee mc, do think of 
me or think of i'omething better. 

Another writes thus. " Dear 
friend, I now fit down to ' tell 
you wliat hath taken place witlim^ 
this prcfent week. On Wedhcf- 
d*y evening, I*was thoughtful 
and very ferious, and after atten- 
tively liftening to fome religious 
converfation between two friends, 
I retired to reft, with my mind deep 
ly impreffedy and lay fometime 
in bed, wetting my pillow with 
tears. This was not the firft 
time, my mind hath been fix- 
ed on, and my thoughts fwallow- 
ed up with things of another 
world ; and I have fometimes 
entertained a hope, I experien- 
ced the power of godlinefs in my 
childhood. But now on a fud- 
dcn, my fins were fet in order 
before mc and fecmcd to ftare me 
in the face ; and my heart was 
fo pricked I could not lie flill. 
I ufed to think, I had a defirc to 
embrace Chrill, and partake of 
gofpei bicllings. But I now ex- 
perienced views and fecHngs, 
fuch as I never did before ; and 
was afraid to clofe my eyes in 
flcep ; for I thought nothing 
kept me from the pit of endlcfs 
perdition, but the (lender and 
brittle thread of life. What (hall 
I do ? was now tlie language of 
my heart. If the righteous are 
fcarcely fiivcd, sA\zxz ihali the 
ungodly and the (inner appear ! 
If I attempted to pray, thcfe 
words v/crc in my mind, the 
prayer of the wicVvti \% ^JotrcMyv 

iSrtMw/ »f RiCgi»n in Pl}mwah. 


tiofl t.> ihc LorJ. I [hen fwd in 
myfclt; wh» I, or whai (hall 
I do ? I am wrttched, ind 
WLcichcd I (iiuft be. I deftrre 
nothing but die frowns and wrath 
of ilie Aimighty. Bcuci would 
it tuve been fbi mc, if I had am 
a b<jra. At tliii umc, taj 
Hi, exercUcs uul fetlinui 
were fuch u I cannot exprds i 
they were fuch i» I iicver hid be 
fore. But at tbii moment, my 
bcait breathed out the jirayer of 
the pubJicani who thuu^ht hini' 
felf unwortliy t* lift uf (a much 
£ lii; eyes to heaven s God be 
ncrcifiilio meafinner. Imme- 
diately upon this, 1 appeared to 
myfelf, to be ioft, for a (hort 


; I beUevc 

but I do 
Qt know how long it was, nor 
bat pafTed, during a time, for 
hedici 1 was in thf body or out 
But as foon js I 

fMirarnentil le^re ; and hetrds 
lermon fix-m ihcfc word^ Jiw 
fai, vthin ht litiiiif'eti agamiilh 
a hud vt'cr, yieliitd up iht Gh^ 
The word-, of the text. afftOtd 
my heart, and the fmnon fccBN^ 
lodomyfou! good. He dvA 
for finrcM } H^fT »** tWfc 
that nun ill t.rm ! W the n»> 
eirg [ nttrrdn! i ic-ligiom (DceK 
ing ; m.d vhit I heard, wu to 
me, as cold \iM<:x to a thirAy 
foul. During tnuft of the day, 
I had by turns dmbis and feus 
nipefiing my future ftnie. Bat 
at nt^ht, fell as if I could mft 
myfelf in ihe hands of Co <:> and 
hai-ing committed myfelf to Ht 
keeping, npxt myfdf to tbtef, 
faying, I will both lay me dawn' 
m jjcace and Deep ; fo' tlmi 
Lord makel} me to dwell a, 
liiFcty. I fpcnl moft of the for«. 
part of Friday in reading and wri- 
thc afte 


MmriAitt fnm the LuA-BtJ. 


wA oBtXBOuooM vintSy were gene- 
nil^ difeoatiaiied ; ind the ball- 
f» fiv mBOCcnpied, that the 
fwed his ciaft was in 
mi his hopes of gain were 
And 10 thofe days» the 
F the LordU both read sod 
was precious. In fome 
where the biUe was kept 
oleiefi in the book-caie 
now be feen, lying in the 
tpt i mm nil III ptaces* for frequent 
Wk To fliany it appeared a new 
1Mb iriienever they optned it 
^■v jivftyi found fomething new 
Ib^ IbaMChing they had ne?er 
IT never attended to before ; 
IfKodung upeared new to ma^ 
the om fermoBs they had 
beforey were new, and they 
lody to imagine they never 
fiicfa excellent fermons be- 


ErAkhoagh nnich time was (pent 
exercifes, fuch as read- 
ledures, and other 
lOeetings, yet in fuch a 
did thofe who were ferious 
and redeem time that 
believed by unbiafled and 
oUervers» thftt worldly bu- 
did not iiifFer by means of 
fd^ous attention. 
_ number of families who 
always lived witliout calling 
God either morning or even- 
{jjb^ve BOW devout worfhippers. 
iShlee or hear of fuch revivals 
wMwUfpoik 9nd times of reforma- 
^ki^ matt refrcih and gladden the 
%jJMV all the godly ; and ex« 
lihtAfe children of Zion, while 
^tftf l^pice in their king, and in 
1(1^ 'fntpairj of his kingdom, to 
riribout ceaCng, that he would 
%fbt tune* even the fet time 
10 tccomplifliment of all thofe 
vduags (pokenof in proph- 
■flemmg the enlargement, 
m%e»^ and glory of 
M^. yntea the eaemy 

fhall come in like a flood, the fpirit 
of the Lord fhall fet up a ftand- 
ard againft him ; but for this he 
will be enquired of by the houfe 
of IfraeL And with what freedom 
and importunity may God's fpirt^ 
nal lirael adcbefs the throne of 
mee for fo rich a bleffine 1 Thus 
faith the holy one of lirael and 
his makery ** a/to£mt concerning 

* my fonsy and concerning the 

* work of my handSf command yt 

* me." Nor did he ever fay to 
the feed of Jacob* *' feek ye me 

* in vain.*' 

** lie frees the fouls condemned to death, 
** And when his faiats oomplain, 

«* It flian*t be faid that praying breath, 
<* Was ever fpent in vain.'* 

He that (hall come, faith, be- 
hold I come quickly. Amen, 
even fo come, Lord Jefus ! 

I am. Gentlemen, with confid- 

erations of high eAeem, 

yours, &c. 

Simon Waterman. 

Plymouth, (Con.) Feb. i, 1 8oi. 

Admorutlons from the Death'BcJ^ 

IN my early life, I was witnefi 
to an extraordinary indancc of 
clear views and triumphing joy 
and hope in a dying perfon* I 
was then fo young that I cannot 
diftinaly rccolleft the defcriptions 
which he gave of his faith and 
hopes, but remember the deep im- 
preffions they made on my own 
mind ; and I was thereby led to 
rcfledt much on the evidence in fa- 
vor of truth and religion which 
may be collected from the \*iews, 
the hopes and the fears of thofe 
who feel tlieir near approach to the 
eternal world. This determined 
me, at the commencement of my 
niiniftry, to note inmY diai^, ««►- 
traordinary inftanccioCcotiVvOAWv 


jliimoiutionz from the Demh-Bei. 


■fcai, or joy which 1 ftould ob- 
■ren-e In the dofe of life. The re- 
Ifult hxt been fomcn'hit difl^rcnt 
m the fanguine opinion* of my 
lyouth ; for I was then T»dy to 
elude that men's etcm»l Itate 
,ht always be dctersiinol from 
r on the known 
roach of death. Since that 
e, I have fren a few irftancts 
moll hardened (lupidity, aod 
jlibuls departing; without any fenfe 
, guilt and an approaching 
Judgment; but thefe were peifoos 
[vi'ho had cither been notorious for 
ir who, gQvwned by a de- 
tellable avarice, kid maintained 
vifiblc decency of cunduft, 
Lt under thii difguifc they might 
like the unwarytheirprey. I have 
|alfo fL-en a few, fci whom I had a 
uble hoiie, deputing in d;i:lt- 
I f«n clofe 

' 3 Cmihr lituitioii, they would noc 
I fail to tremble for their own ftate, 
I Underthefe imprelliops, and with 

a lore I'or the foule of men, I flutt 

occa^onally fcIcA from the notes 
j I ha*c preferved, and cammuni- 
j Mtc an account of fimdry pcf- 

fons whofc i^jtc of [Bind, in 
I the profpeft of death, deeply »i»- 
' prelTed tnei and fiom which I coU 

leAed much evidence for the reali- 
' ty of truths, which are doobted 
I by fomc in this day of (ceplici&l. 
j The fiill inftance whidi I Ihalt 
I relate was my lad interview with 
I an aged and dying Cbriftian Miaif- 


>od n 

bad I 

H:iny I 
le of iri^ <:it.her 

ir llu|]ilicd by difealc | verfati 

faithful dHchuga 
of the d«iies of his rainiftry. 
Wlierevcr known he was loved 
and refpcAed ; and atnoog the &• 
rious people of his own duu^ 
and the neighboring churches, he 
was almofl venerated. 

his heat 


rom tit Dtiui-BtJL 



hope of lus grace» in 

ii y mly youth. But how uowor- 

Ay haic I been ! How little have 

I doite (or the glory of God ! 

Whtt a ftapid faeirt I have had 1 

I woadkr how I have been able to 

hope whhlb many imperfedions and 

at have been crouded into my 

ibie ftiU I feel n^elf ftrangely 

totniftandrejoicein freemer- 

21 lam more tluui ever amazed at 
9|^Bce ! I muftallb love that juf- 
ieevbidi condemns me. Eternity 
jdl Be iiort enough to praife the 
JrfBce'and the free gr^ce which are 
Jpv my only lupport. — Oh» how 
I have been in my minif- 
and how feebly I have preflTed 
iMjIl oa the hearts and confcien- 
Spi^finne"- Now lean only 
jgpv.fbr them, and at times God 
^jii men me a precious freedom 


«• ^Oi hearing thefe expreflions of 
^^plbotduoefs, from one \vho had 
j|flBB b faithful in his minidiy, and 
rJUb aa example of piety, I was 
led. My (hort experience 
iniilcrial life, and in Chrif- 
kaowledge» did not enable me 
anfwer ; nor had I then 
jaft conception what a deep 
^ of fin and unworthincfs is 
10 thofe who excel mofl in 
fodlioeis. He then added, 
my principal dcfirc was to 
you to be faithful to God 
to the (buls of men. I am 
bat you may yet live many 
I and you cannot cnnceiv:-, 
aproipedtofdcath afHih you, 
Iblemn an account miniflors of 
Ajta faipd will have to give, of the 
jtaMe of their charge. If a 
- ^ MJ 0f earthly things were com- 
idto your charge, it would 
muivcly be nothing * but it 
Jb^-immortal fouls, which 
eha^y or miferable forever. 
'CU conceive the worth of 
1^ k will help you io feel 


the importance of your ' work. 
You will have many temptations; 
bat never ceafe praying to God to 
diicover them, and to ftrcngthen 
you. Let not the fear of man en» 
tice you to difguife the truth ; for 
many have been caught in that 
fnare. You will be faithful to de- 
clare the whole truth no longor 
than you fear God more than man* 
and can trull in him to prote^ yon 
againft thofe who will be your en- 
emies for the truth's fake. For- 
get yourfelf in doing God's fer* 
vice. Look on mc and remember 
what it will be to die. In fnch an 
hour as this, you will find no ex« 
cu(e for a want of faithfulnefs ; 
nor can you die in peace without 
fome degree of your mafter's pref- 
ence. Preach the doctrines of 
grace in fiich a manner as to fhov 
the nature and neceflity of hclinefi. 
Thofe precious doArines which I 
have feebly taught are now my only 
fupport. A Saviour of infinite ho- 
lincfs is truly wordi having, for 
he hath merit ; he can cleanfe his 
people, and it will be bleflednefs 
enou;;h to behold and ferve him." 
After feverkl (lops, through 
pain and v/cAnefs, he added ; 
" The people wirh whom I have 
lived lie heavy on my Iieart. Some 
of them I hope to meet in that 
glory, which I cannot but hope 
God will give to me, the mod un- 
deferving of all finners ; but too 
many of thcin have oppofcd thofe 
peculiar dodrines of the gofpel 
which I now find by experience 
are the only ground of hope for a 
dying finner. Oh, how I am pain- 
ed at my heart for tliefe people ! I 
charge you, my ycung brother, 
when you may occationaTly be with 
them, to carry this my dyin;; tcfli- 
mony to their ears, and aflurc Uicni, 
that thofe who do not believe in 
the Lord Jefjs Chrift, and live 
in all holy conveirauon «n^ ^ly^v 

Ltfltrfrom MalildM It Maris. 


I nds. Mimot be ftvcd. But all 

I ftrEngth I'jJJ) me." In a flion 
I bmt after, thU fiithful ferrant of 
I Chiift w« received la ihe reward 
I of his Ubort- 

Thij fcent deeply imprefled my 

I nind witii a f«nfe, ha.i' folemn the 

I apjmrancc of a Chiiilao miniftet 

IfDuli be befoic Uie tribuQai of his 

IX-orJ ind Mailer, aod what it will 

■ be loanTwer Itir fouls. To every 

ninitlcr of religion the Lord f»y8, 

' Son of man, I iavf madt ther a 

vauhman unto the houJe of Ifrael. 

iiri.-n / /jv mt» tbi loisktd, thau 

},aU JurAyJit ; and thou pxf^ hm 

•arn<ns, mrfptoitfi to Wfl« 

luhidfrom hit v/idtj way, 

9 favi hit Bft ; ihifant vUitd 

jhiU die in kit inijuilj ! 

It hi I hload 'Old! J reqaire at ibini 

I ercr\- Chriifcan rajn- 

:r a difpenfalion of the gofpel of 

"' "" is committed. 

ade this commucica- 

3cd finhen to repencacce ! And S* 
nal!y, Whether on a dying bed thef 
couW fay, " Whetetore 1 lalde yOM 
to record thit day, that I am pnrc 
from the blood of all meii ; For I 
have not fhuntied to declare ufltk«i 
yoii all iheci'unfel uf God." 


lMttrf,e»a M»tiida U Mark. \ 
My ntaa Makia, '4 

YOU give me inexpre^blepleifi'-) 
urc in Che information, thtf i 
jo'i are in fome degree awakene^ 
lo the importance of the fatratiM [ 
of immorul fouls. Aageb dcfitc 
to look into the glorious rayfloy. 
It ought to be the joy of a ^lUea 
world ; but alas! how (i:w are fea* 
fible of its excellence ? A happy 
few fee and feel its importancCi 
and rejoice that the power, and 
glory of God are maorfcded, anj 
thai the iocamation of Deity, yill 


JSi0oaary SocUiy of ConneSUut. 


he can Isrigfaten the facfliineof proi^ 
peiity, and perfume with fweet in- 
cenfe the (acrifices made to virtue. 
Ton vifli to know, my dear 
young ftiend, if religion is not 
a mdaocholy ftrvice ? Aik thcfe 
who Jove their God, if they would 
exchange even the tears of repcnt- 
aoe fbral] the ooify mirth of fools ? 
Aft them, when they approach j 
hiiprefence with pA*eet and hum- 
Ue confidence« and are fendblc of 
BBV and intimate communion with 
hinigif a world would eot be bought 
ibo dear, if they (hould barter 
An- joys for all it holds in edima- 
lioB ? What are the feelings of a 
l^pcstisg finner, when viewing the 
love of God to a fallen world I 
^SMiSij £ift£d to evfry wiih of an 
coSg^Aesed feul is an offered Sa- 
A»r. It wants nothing elfe. 
Ifaon the bleded terms of the gof- 
fA it defires to receive him ; and 
cUefly bccaufe the glory is all his 
man ; and, as it fecurcs the hon- 
or of the divine government ; and 
hambks the creature, fwcctly bends 
kb Subborn will, and brings every 

Cr and faculty of the foul into 
iffion to that will, on which 
hnp the bJcffedncfs of the uni- 
mfc. How fafe, how fccuic is 
ihtt happy foul, which rcnoi:rcir.g 
Jitry dependence on itf^r, on irs 
&WB roiferablc attainments, can rctl 
•n the perfect, immaculate ;/(?//- 
tnfntfs of Gcd himfelf ? For De- 
ity became incarnate, and as the 
noer's fubftitute perfornittl every 
jot and tittle of the i;:\v, .iul even 
Itodercd it more honorable. There 
fore when confcienccaccufc?, wIkh 
l!iatA7«c denounces lis er.ifes, the 
fioner may p!cad wliat JKfiis hcs 
done and fuffered 0:1 earth, and 
what he is now doing in heaven ; 
ad may n-ft on that bJtiTed foun- 
dation, a^undation fceurc as ti:e 
pciic^OBs of an ever living' Cvd. 


Rtpcrt pf the Trujfes of the Mif 
Jionary Society of CcnneStcutm 

(Continued from p. 36.) 

THE Truftees congratulate 
the Society on the fiourifh- 
ing Ctuation of their funds and the 
increafing liberality with which the 
people of the ftate contribute to 
the fupport of miiEons. From the 
lift of the contributions in the fev- 
ral parifhcs in the ffatc on the firft* 
fabbath of May lafi, heicwith 
tranfmitted, the Society will ob- 
ferve that they amount to a very 
confiderable fum more than in any 
preceding year. This is a mott 
pleaGng circumftance as it (hows 
that the people of the ft ate arc dii^ 
pofedto aid the MiiHonary Society, 
in their exertions to advance the 
caufe of truth and piety. It is al- 
(o a curcumftance which (hould 
call forth emotions of gratitude to 
that God, who has the hearts of aQ 
men at his difpofal,and from whole 
fpirit it proceeds that any are led 
to exercifc pity and compaffion to» 
wards their fiilfcring fellow-men, 
and to contribute of their earthly 
fubftance to the relief of thofe lets 
favored than themfelves. 

From the Treafurcr's account 
of receipts and expenditures iincc 
the publication of the narrative 
la ft winter, together with the ftate- 
n^cnt fubjoincd 10 ih:; narrative, it 
will ho fcen that within the paftyear 
fcvciiJ Gonatior.G have been made 
to the Society, that a ccnfiderable 
fum has been contributed in the 
new fert!emef,is and paid to the 
Milnonaiies, and that the perma- 
nent i'ur.d i^ incrca(in[», havin|.; a- 
mcunicd to upwards cf I2CO d'. 1- 
lars. To tlils land a large addi- 
tion is expccicd 10 be made within 


a kv/ morrhs fp^m the profits of 
theCiiiir.c;^:icut r]\.ir^cl:cal M.-ga- 
■/ine, the 1 ii-rt.cs havirg be(n in- 


Miffonary Sac'ulj e/ CeaiuB!iiit. 


e ilMi the proftii for the firft 

, provided puuAuiJ fiyment 

I fiuule, will probably exceed 

150a dolbrt. 7 hit fum added to 

:0V oa hand will maU the 

■.cr.t fund upt-ird^ of 1700 

\iolh!^. The Tni-iics ^le alfu 

thai tlic KcT. DoAor 

*;ghl pr^ipofcs to give to the So- 

lu, in aid CO the cfliblilluncnt of 

It permanent fundt twenty ilulUrj 

I) every ihoufind copies of the 

iaim-booki now {niblifliing by 

, which fti.ill be fold. The 

ley which raiy bt expefled to 

fc from ibis fourctf together with 

: piofiis of the Conoefticut 

canguIiCiU Magazine, fhould the 

' . continue to be publifhed with 

icfcnt number of fubfctibcrs, 


:i i'il'w ycarst incrciife the fund 

a. rcTpcf tdblf 

\\'i± a view of further 

ling the permanent fund the Truf- 

laft fclEoOf' 
nd i Tcfolve 

Lcgi nature, u the I 
which was gninied, 
]'afred authoiizing 
for three yeats. 

With a view of furtlier proroo- 
ting thcdefigns of theSociety, the 
Trulleei luve openedacoireipond' 
encc with kvcr J MilBonaty Saci> 
etics in Europ ami AiQErica ; one 
particular objv^ of wliich corrcT- 
poadcrice. as ref|>eAs the Soae- 
tics in the United Statei, is ta a.- 
doptmeafuresio concurrence with 
them to prevent a difpropotlionate 
number of MiiTionaries being feat 
to the fame part of the country. 
Anfwers to their Inieti have not 
yel been received except from the 
Soeietv for propapaiing the g ' * 
cflihlifhedatBollon. That 
cty employs ftvcral M^l 
among afew fmall tribci of IndiiM 
flill !ett in the Su:e of Ma&chsg 
fctts, and among the new fettle] 
ments in the Piovlncc of 


A^arrativf of a Conv.rfiott. 


tkc fubjcA of affi fling in the fup- 
port of MiiHonarics by contribu- 
tions among ihcmfeircs fo far as 
•htir circumlianccs fliall pCTmit. 

Having given this detkil of their 
proceedings, the T:u((ees clofe 
their report by commending tlie 
important concerns of the Society 
nAhr.ij^hty God, j^raying that he 
vtMiId appear to build up Zion, 
and fill the earth 
ods ar.d pcacj. 

lo tlie ntiHie uf tliC Tri^ftcc^, 

ABEL FLlxN'T, Sr^rr^iry. 
lurtfoTif, June ic:?i, i^^^i. 

v.i'.h rightcouf- 

MeS&*XS. EL»ITt'R«, 

cndLJvo«rcd to luil.l up z il^ht- 
ecufncfs of mv cwn ; but \.;:s £' 
n.illy convinced tl.:.t I C(.uld no: 
recommend nijfrlt to tl.e iawi 
of God. TliiS c.iuLd n.c crj..t 
dKtrcfs. But my curvi^lions grad- 
ually dccreafed, and I bccanic 
fomcwhat thoughtlcfs concern in;^ 
a farurc (late, for jbrut a ycarj 
when my eyes utrc in Ionic meaf- 
ure ()j:cijcd to iLc un w i:al founi!;.- 
tiiin 1 \v:\9. l!:u:Jir.;«. 1 .':":iin t:i- 
cd to du foHitihirg to lulp n))rLif. 
1 v/.i^ carcfid to attend icli^ious 
. r.ijctip^-, and to r. d ihc Libic ; 
I *iid ofton retired in Lcict :c pr:.'/- 
j But I fcurid I v.'Ls rci fin cere in 
i my prcrcnocd C'^-.v*- ; ^-t Oiai r\y 
heart wa^ in ojjv^njcn ;o ihc v.ry 

la age, in one of the late reli- 

Krerivalsy in New-Eogland. 
la written by himfelf* without 
aj idea of its ever appearing in 
pdblic. If i: is thought it will be 
nr the fpiritnal edification of your 
icadersy you are at liberty to put 
it into the Magazine, you have it 
in the original, unftudicd fimplici- 
t? of the iuthor's own words, as 
nliows : 

** I had (bme Arious imprcf- 
tons, when I was about ten, or 
tvekc years old ; but wa^ in genc- 
nl carciefs, and thoughtlcfs. My 
tfteation was ii. 1 L-mc mcafarc, cal- 
led up again wh^n I \v.i<; about fif- 
teen ; but I foon ^:cw ilupii, and 

iiiedt for ^h^ ^^^^ 1^'^ ^^ ^^^^ 
vorld in general do, until I was 
about tweLty-two, wlicn my at- 
tention wn^ in a con lidci able man- ; 
r*cr called up to the imj>orunt < 
'img% of eternity. I faw that 1 j 
«ii exnofcd to hell, that I hr.d ! 
been a hnncr, and that 1 had lived 
1 wicked Lfe. I thoi>;ht I mull ' 

3 to mend my ways by breaking ' 
Crc«m all my cvU corJ u^ft. 1 

Vol. JL Ko. 2. K 

quity, that every tliirg that I did 
was all felf. It appeared to me 
that I was in the hand of a fovc- 
reign God, and that he would do 
with ihe as he pl^afed. I faw that 
I was' juftly condemned to hcli. 
That it was nothing but the abu- 
fed patience of God, that kept me 
from deftru(^ion. I faw that mv 
own weight was more dian enough 
to carry me dov/n, as foon as God 
wi'.hdrt\X' his rijipcrting liand." 
Time a))pcarcd to nic cxcecJir ^ 
flr.iit. Eternity Iccmcd to be at 
tlie door. I tikd every uav l;» 
I do fcnie.hin;T towards jTL'i'j^rin^^ 
' for the il'cutv that werclKr«»n.- m*.-, 
I but fouiid liiat 1 )a) al tl:c iiicrc 
mercy of Gt d ; and all the ( urfvS 
of hb v;crd v. ere o-t ao.-inl't mv, 
1 was «.rndcuiPcd by Cod, and 
K.a.i. li fwwnicd to r.ic that i wur> 
a burden to ;»it creiiriun. I iiv 
m^ danger \x> l^e (twruj ! I ut 
times fill'wd v.i'.h ;;rCrti di;] re f:, ii«v- 
inp a ^V''^-> ^'^' iviencc ai.u :. ftuh- 
buin '»v 11. I i-vv ili.ii i iv v/;ll 
baiiv.d i!)C rie,.:i ^ucd ; .t;.*- Siut 
v V.' I- fo !rv.'.-b' .r. vr- '. .*•■'• \: .r. 



latini^hty pova could bow !t> I 
Ifotnetuncs thougiti thai 1 had fin- 
Ired away the da; of g^''"^'! '^^ 
llku llieie was no mercy fat me. 
II hid at timu luch a fcnfe of the 
Idifnial condition of ihofc, that 
llhould (A] under the wrath of 

I God, :iDd the wrath of. Cod ap- 
Ijicaicil fo tcTiible, that ii fccined 

! it" I could not endure the (Ight. 

I I had at limes fuch a fcnfe of the 
I iiBniediiitc prefencc of God, that 
litwoulduLeaway myftreDgih. 1 
Ifctt llidt he faw my he^rt. and I 

lot get ouiiif hi* prcfcnee. 

Jhut his ^il-lecicgcyc wis upon me. 

Il f^w that the prefence of God 

Iwould ht hell to inc. I could 

it hear the llghi of his chiliirea : 

■ l hated the fight, of all that io?td 

■ Ood. I feldom faw ,i beaft, ot 
Isny kind uf creature, but tiiat I 

' : in ilieir place. I fcw 
3ught immediately to r^nt, 
ind believe the gofpel. It feemed 

joice that the Lord rcigped ; that 
I was in hit hand, as the cUy was 
in the hand of the potter. It 
Teemed to me that the dellre of my 
fold was that God laigbt be glori- 
fied, and bis kingdom built up- 
I now faw. great beauty in the way 
of falvadoQ by ChriJI, as it wa* lo 
calculated to humble the creatuitt 
in the duU before God. I thou^t 
I could rejoice VO be nothing, 
that God might be alt. This 
wotld appeared lite God's wnrldt 
and every thing in it Ipakc fbtlh 
hii praife. I now thoi^bt I 1ot< 
ed hit word, and his iiMge wfacrc- 
cver 1 faw it; and leJMced that 
God would bring me iota judge- 
ment, and that I Ihuuldbc jtidged 
according to the deeds done in ihe 
body. I feel at times great pity, 
for thofe thai are out of Chrift, to 
fee them going on to delbuaiim, 
many of them without conceni. 
But I thUk it is a corafm that 


Regions InteUigencc* 


he earthy and lick up the 

Ay feet ; and thou (halt 

At I amthe Lord : for they 

t be aihained that wait for 

L'lft. Does not this proph- 
itedly relped the times of 
I pure ftate of the Chrtf- 
mahfWietrth ? 
Doeiit not pointedly prom- 
t, in tfaofe happy times* 
ir civil rnlers and their 
Ball benoHmi; parents of 
iffian chnrch» being them- 
awfiici of evangelical pie- 
fiM^^t foTy among oUier 
tioBS* on chat account ? 
[a what (enfe is it to be un- 
it that kings or civil rulers 
afaeourfing fathers of the 
f A. B. 

ig^ont Intelligence. 

fr9m ikfroeeeJmgs of the 
mtAfiaify of the Pre/by- 
Cbmbf in the Unttrd 
9f AnuricOt at their fejfion 

e AflemUy having heard a 
iDtial narrative, from ai- 
ry one of its members, on 
of religion in his own 
and in other places to 
loUervation had extended, 
pinioiiy that in general the 
id^pon has been progref- 
1 in Ibme places eminently 
(bne places inndelity does 
ic that bold and thrcaten- 
ft which it did for feme 
L but items to be in fome 
riaflied and difpofed to re- 
its fimner ftate of con- 
.. la fome in (lances 
lad inTtterate enemies to 
aly have been remarkably 
\^ and iiave become^ to 

all appearance^ fincere and livley 

*' From many of tlieir churches 
the General Anembly have heard 
the moft pleafing accounts of the 
(late of vital piety^ Revivalsi of a 
more or lefs general nature, have 
taken place in many parts, and mul- 
titudes have been added to the 
church. Id the northern and eaf- 
tem Prefbyteries, there appcar% in 
feveral congregations, a-lcrious at- 
tention to the great things of reli- 
gion ; and its imerefts 'appear evi- 
dently to be advancing. In feveral 
of their churches, ttmet of refrefb^ 
ingfrom the pre fence of the Lord 
have been experienced. Sinners 
have been brought to-r^ntance, 
and faints have been comforted and 
edified. And thefe pleafing ap- 
pearances in fome inftgnces (Ul 
continue. From the weft the Af^ 
fenobly have received intelligence 
of the moft interefting nature. 
On the borders of Kentucky and 
Tenneflecy the influences of the 
ipirit o{ God feem to have been 
manifcfted in a very extraordinary 
manner. NIany circumftances at- 
tend in<; this work are unufual : 
And though It is probable that fome 
irregularities may have t^iken place ; 
yet, from the information whidi 
the AiFemWy have received, they 
cannot but exceedingly rwjuice iu 
the abundant evidence given them, 
that God has vidted th<at people, 
and poured out his fpirit rcuiarka- 
bly upon them. 

'* In the middle and fouthem 
rrcfl>yteries appearances arc not fo 
encouraging. For though in fome 
of their cluirches religion (louriih- 
es, yet in many others, the wife 
and foolifli virgins are numbering 
together ; iniquity abounds and 
the love of many waxes cold. Ig- 
norance, vice and infidelity ^o.^ in 
many }»Hrt8 of our country, llill 

!i.Ii^ioiu lattlisffiM- 


" The 

* futtlcn 

r dffira 

It goljJLl picatlicd tmong 

fhcni, ani) nur Mi(rif<nar^i;9 who 

Tiliicd Lhcm d'l not appcir lo 

labored wilhiHlI iuccclj. 

pood irapcelliiint hive, not unlrc- 

bucntly, been m^iic, ami churches 

Lre npidly forming, uliicli will 

n reed AmJw) I'-tltors. 

' Tin iowUiofuce *'hich ilie 

JVITcmhly b»ve ri-cc;ved irom ihc 

l^caihen iribctU rerj' ploalinj.viz. 

" Tlui there is anioogd \iian a 

Lilliogncfb. \eJM jTilciit deGii;, lu 

■ c goljicl jirMchid to ihfin ; 

iTheic jircjuditts ftcni ii> be rcino- 

Lcd, and many iinporunt obdiiclcj 

lunied. SiimL' of llicir 

Ikitf men bare offered to commit 

Iheir foBS to Ptcftjrtcrks and Mif- 

■ionary Socictiei, inordcr that they 

pay be inllnifted, not only in tlie 

\i of civilized life, hut iITq in tlic 

:iciplcs of the Chril^tai) religion. 

" The profpcft of the conTsi 

tbcHiiU of ita^pelted fa ^■■trraj^ 
ProfLflbri, I ho;ic, Ipr (omc fine' 
have fell thciniforuncc cfreUgiu^ I 
and have been mouming and coUk I 
I'clJing their (ini and dit lins of tbtt 
people ; aod plp;iding tlut a ptayer- 
heaiing aod lln-pardnaiiiji God 
would, of hi<i infi.-iie fovcrcign 
meicy ajiptir ftir us, a:id giv* as 
hearts to b'eak off our (i(u by right* 
eoufnefs, and our ini(;mti<i by.trir- 
oing lo Cod. And, foteter prais- 
ed be his r>u»e ! We hope God 
\\9i. heard their gioaningi and an- 
fwered their dEfn^ vi a (degree. 
Sumeiiioe the beginning of Marcl), 
a Univerfilifl canie into ihefc parts 
and preached two labbaih) aad a 
number of lc<fturcs. People Sack- 
ed t'> hear him and fictned to fall 
in with tbofe fcotinieots fopleafiog 
to fiDful human nature. The mo- 
plc of God were alarmed. Tkei 
enciuiry WM, what fliall be done i 
Some tliougbt belt vigoroiil]]; i\a 


XeEjgious rnielRgence* 

10 ihow by their counteiuUices that 
tbey wifhed to come and tafle and 
(et that the Lord was good. Soon 
the cnqoiry began to bs. What 
fliallvedo tobefaved? We had 
keptvp conferences in our neigh- 
borhood for more than a year ; but 
oar mmbers were few. Nowthey 
faegu to increafcy and I believe 
hate Bicreafed every week fince. 
I do not mean to rcprefcnt the at- 
tobe general, though I hope 
is a good number in this place 
in Ifiddiebury that are feri- 
oaAy imprcfled in their minds> and 
tamut wc hope have chofcn the bet- 
ter part. 

*■ Mr. Bdhndl went from this 
to the northward, and was 
dboQt (even weeks« He 
in this town lafl fabbath 
^^t the week here. He is 
1i the next fabbath atMonk- 
the j^d)ba^ after at Mid« 
rt w^ere be exp.e6l3 to ad- 
rtfae ordinance of the Lord's 

^^ He^lls us that the gen- 
D of the fpirit is df fcending 
ea a amnber of towns to the north- 
Yiz. . ££cx> Georgia, and 
-.* Thus I hare given you a (hort 
It of our fituation as it re- 
rdigjon at prcfcnt, and it is 
asiixture of joyandfcar. I 
lUcui rejoice at what the Lord 
dpoe in our land, in the courfc 
i^afew years paft, and that he 
hi fkf his own goodncfs and mcr- 
1^9 eoadefcended, to come and 
laock at tlie doors of our hearts, 
If his holy and blcffcd fpirit, in 
riidepans. But I fcurlcllmany 
[< tf V Aould be fo dreadfully wick- 
a|^ aato ftiut the door again(! the 
■id Saviour. But i: all depends 
aGodandy thanks to his name ! 
vill accompli/h all his glorious; 
nnlcj of grace ; and may he, 
i| great mercy, carry on thit 
b^worki fo lull cf ih? ^\my 

of God and blcffings to man ; and 
caufe it to fpread till it co^xr the 
earth as the waters cover the fca*'* 


In April lift, the Rev, Timothy 
IVcodhridge^ returned from amii- 
fion of three months to die towns 
on the weflem (hores of lakes 
George and Champlain. He was 
fent out by the Mifnonary Society 
in Berk/hire. From fercral fcttlc- 
ments which he vifitcd he brings 
backrcports, truly encouraging to 
thofe who are laboring and praying 
for the cnbrgcment of the F.e- 
dccmer's kingdom. 

About the fiill of June the Rev. 
Aaron Bafcom M-as fent out, by 
the fame Society, on a miffion of 
three months* to the counties of 
Onondaga and Capga and to the 
fcttlements on black river. 

The MiiTionaries now in the 
fcrvicc'of the MifEonary Society 
of Connecticut are, the Rev. 
MefsVs. Job Swift and Jjdldiab 
Bujhnell in the northwcftem parts 
of Vermont, and the northern 
counties of New-York ; tlic Rev. 
Seth WiUtJlon in the county of Ti- 
oga ; and the Rev. Jofeth Badger 
in New-Connedicut. The Rev. 
yeremiab Hallock has lately enter- 
ed or. n miflion to the northeaftcrn 
p?.rts of Vcimont. Another Mi f- 
fionriry will foon be fent to Ncv/- 
Conntclicut, one to the fouthern 
' raj';:c of Cor.rti."5 in the weftern 
p^rt of New-York, ond one to the 
Itttkircnts r-n Plack river, &c. 
I 1'hc Rev. Mefs'rs. David H g- 
I ^/nj an-l Ilol/und I'/trhsiTt appoint- 
ed Minionaili.s. Wliciher they 
I will pn i* uncjitaln. 

The Miflionary Society oFMaf- 

fachufetti hiivj votLvi to cmp!c>y 

four Miij<'ii.iiio>tl-if.' 1 rofcr.t fc-f )i:, 

I lv.'u i.i the I'lorii^cJ ot Miiinc, a:d 

I two in th'.' I..', i .c;-,l.m/.:> 

"/''/r '%';•.! d. 

\Vw .ks . 

-g Miffianarj Society Fundi. tAoci 

The General Afiimbly of the I and are takiag meafurct lofentl Uie 
iPrclbyterian church in Lbe United gorpe) among the Indians. They 
IS'aies have lately been incorpo- < aicalfo diltritmiing nuny religions 

HI i Millenary Society, boohi amon^ the oevr lettlementii 
ijnds arc already very re- { and endeavuring to communicate 
peftablc ; they are fending Mif- I religiou* inftruftion lo ihc flavM 
s 10 the Aueitem and fouth- in the foathem Itjtn. 

(tern parti of ihe United States ; ' 

WTht Trtafurtr'i jlccoani of RctfifM aad ExptnitUurti of tite Miffmua- 
rj Soc'uiy of Caruuaicut, from ibi cleft ef iht year 1 800. to Juat 
lOlb, I So I, rtferreito'iHtht Rtfort ^ thttruptt. 

No. I. 

Account of Monica received into Ihe Trcafury. 
1 9oJ o. C. 

. From JoGahG. AndrewiiConcrSiiitedinnewfettlemeiU), 10 4B 

From Rev. Jedidiah Buftine!!, do. 48 

pl/aj^- FromAmafa Jerome, do. 50 99 

' " m Rev. Scih WilHRao, do. 81 gj 

m a friend of MUHoaa. . - - - 1 

From Ladies Society in Norwichi - • - 13 
From a Stranger, ■ ... • - S 55 

1801 ToJofiahB. AodrewssbalanceforMiiEoQaiyrenric^^ 83 
jmu I. To Rev. David BacoDt Miffionary to Indians in 

advance*. - - ... . - - 200 
16. To Rev. Jedidiah Bufhnellf on aceouat for MiiEona- 

ry ierricest - 228 

IJL, J. To Robert Porter, balance for Afiffioaaryiervicesy x 

^Iff^ ^^ R'Cv. David Huntington, for MiiEonary fervices, 8 1 
maj* To Rev* Jolcph .Badger, do. 100 

To Mtfs'rs. HudfoQ and Goodwin, for printing 

and (lationanr,. - - ... 29 85 
To Rev. Wm. otorrs, balance for MiiEonary fenrices, i 
To Anoala Jerome, do. do. 200 64 

To Rev. Seth Willifton, do. do. 274 

T* Elifha Colt, for affifUngthe Treafurer,' . 3 33 

To Robert Porter for MiiEonary fervices, - 63 

To Rev. David Bacon, MiiEonary to the Indians, 
oiders dxawn lail furomeri - - . k 

•13^9 »r. 

Amount 0f Receipts^ - • 6862 i6 
^ Amount of DiibunementSy - 1369 15 


BalanceintheTreafuryJunexotht 1801,5493 '^ 

Bermanent Fund, • - • ran ;o ^ 
Forfqpport of Miifionarie3». •- 4281 61 

5493 " 

A. KINGSBURY, rreufurcr 
to Mtffionary Society. 
Hktbrd, July ift, 1801. 

% ' 

tf the faks^ £sfr. of the frjt t^melve numhen of the Conne^icui 
EHfOMgeUcal magasutUf to June 20th i8oi. 

D. c. 

vhole number printed is 3266 for each month, a- 
sipvDting to 39192, at 66 Mills each for printing, 2586 67 

Sutionary, &c 18 36 

^ Whole expenfes of the Magazine, 2605 03 

^559 ^t}^ numbers have been fold to fttbfcribers,mo(lIy 
at 12 j Cents, fome few to Bookfellers at 1 1 Cents, 
aoKmnting in the whole to, ... 401 1 25 
aSsy have been fold at retail, .... 353 3^} 

197 S have been given gratis to fubfcribcrs who became 

idponiiblc for 12 fetts or more* 
aoff at now on hand. 

»9» 4^64 ^s 



.Vmount of Sales, _ '- 
Expenfcs i* ibovc, 

I*roGtj CO (he infilcutitat 

i6o$ 03 

Of the above amount of proGu then u due from Subfcri- 

beis, as pi;r the Publifhcra' books, ... 

Cifh in the hands of t!ii Psblifhcre, . . - 

;io7 )9 
653 31 

J 759 60 

The above Summiry Stitsnicnt is a inic rcfult from the accounu 
of f^d pubLlhccs, audited by the Subfcrtbers on the 19th day of June, 
"01. CcriifuJ by, 

JONA. BRACE, \ . t. 
JOHN PORTER, j '^■"^■'"^'^ 

■^^ above mcntioaed fum of C$3 dollars 32 cents, and a fufther 
fiun of 347 doii^s ti cents, making in the whole icc^ doUars, weie* 
the 8ih of July, paid byihe Pdbblhor^ to the Hpti. John "IVcad- 
well, and the Rtv. Mcfi'u. N.uhan Strong and Abei FUdi,- a[^>oiDt- ' 
ed by the Tiuftew of -the Mi{fion*ry Society qf CoDncfljcut, a Cwn. , 
miucc to reeoive ibc Ume, and by fliid 'Committee paid loilie Tre^i^ 
uret of the Suciety, .i.-t-..'- 


Caane£licut Evangelical Magazine; 


Vou II.] SEPTEMBER, 1801. [No. 3. 

* Oh Sel/^xamination. view of all Chriftians, that none 

A MONO the various du- ^^^ ^^^^^^^ »** ""^''^ ^" "^ 

* « If* °f the Chriftian life. *1"J/:^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^,^ ^f i^^^^. 
•itgacra^Iy agreed that fe f-ex- .^„ ThofewhoL id a ftate of 
wnoD has an important place, ^^^^j^^ ^ ^^^^^^ f^^j^^ ^^. 

^Je great fab^ of enquiry is. j^„^^ ^^ j^^ I, /^4i„^. 

molwr we are the uuc childreo • jr .u- ^. ,l -..c 

Tii \ ■ 1 r L • r I tion. If this verc cot the cafe 

rf God. and fo heirs of eternal j^ ^^^j^ ^^ ■ ^^ -J 

ij, Arojjgh Chr.ft Jcfus. or, .n j^ ^^ , ^^J^^^ where Vuth 

te V>ftoI>c Ja"e»»f . " wliethcr j^ ^^.j^^ye, men ar. difpofed to 

WHC in the faith. cecaufe all .r ■ ■ r - . 

TlTj. . ou A . J J difcoTcr It, ic fomc proportion to 

Jlrtcne«r,.nChr.ft.are.,nd«d, i„ i^po^unce, their intereftin it, 

fcduMrcD of God and have, m ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ they poflcfs for the 

^ (ofpel, a fure title to eternal jif^j,^„y. 

^Su r r L. /■ L In theprogrefsof thisdifculEon 

jnbe enquiry fuppofcs the fub- j^ ^j,, J^^^ ^.^ ^^^ inporur.t 

^ be capable of a rational .«- ftj^/^f „„ ^j^ ^o heaven, 

Jhfiuon and deeifion.on p.cp- ^ j^ ^^^-^^ ^„ ^ j.^^ ^^ 

tecndoce. and^that Chnlhans ^^^^^^ 

iM the means and abilities lo ex- ^ f^^ ^ i^ exceedingly dsn- 

^4Sr J *^' I • ge'«»«s- S»d is the profpeft of a 

JIlP" ^"y »"'> ""P"";'"" man's future ftate whrthkiks him. 
tf^-«xaniination, apprars horn | ^^j^ ^^j,^ fomeihing when he » 

■Dm conliderations. itit-iiiccts i • ■ tj ■ i. j. j -a 

1 !■». vwi lu » I I Rothinc. He IS hardened aeainft 

fcMwion of u.cfc.I. and is fo . .^„ di,i„e waitings to the wicked. 

tavttly cpnneftcd -.v,:!! u, that „^^j^. ^^,^ ^^ aconvifWon that 

^^'^"u^l ■''■""," !." : h« hope is unfomuled will awa- 
fcd by all who a,o tl-: h.-iro . ^^^ ^/^ ^^ ^^^^ the wrath to 

f^ !Sf "' V ? ""^' a ■ «ach of a hope which ftaU not 
I a fb «cecdin| , ^^^ ^j^ ^^.^^^ „ j^^ ^^^ 

ifonant m .tfelf, and in the ■. „„i^^^ „ ^ „,4^^4 ^ 
JJ. No. J. L 

On Silf-tKOmauitton. 


felf-examiDKion. Without tJuj 
there is liuJe ground to expeft it. 

" Now b the accepted lime utd 
the day of lilntioo." Whitev-er 
ii doDC for ibc faiTation of the foul 
tnufi be done fpeedily. 

Neilher rdf-examination oi any 
other ni«n of falvaticin, will be 
of any avail after death. Tlieret- 
ribuboQs of rierniiy will be " ac- 
coiding lo ihc tilings danc in the 
body." Hence all thi: truly wife 
eoniidet ihii fubjcct to be of the 
tiigbcll importance, and attend to 

it, ai being inttmatcly connec- 

1 with iheir eternal concernt. 
They feel the need of divine teach- 
iagtUidfay with <h: pfaimifl, " ex- 
imioe me, O Loid. and prove nie. 
Ttymyteins and myhcuc;"* and 
ibey fubmit, with alacrity, to the 
jpbllolic ioJBOflion, " Exam'nc 
your&irea whcthcT ye be in the 
faith, pr(wc your own feWei 

The importance of thli voAt 
OUT incfficacy in ouiielvcs, ui4 
gieat liability to felf-deccption, will 
lead u) to humUc, ferrent and per- 
fevering prayer, to die God of ail 
grace, chit he will enlighten our 
darknefs, mike us truly willias 
and delirous to know the truth <^ 
our Hate and chara^er, and alSA 
us in the WDrk> and bring ui to 
fuch a deciflun a^ will ftaod the 
tell of hisallfearchingeye. 

4. At our entrance on thii 
Woik, we muft examine ourfcWeii 
uhai we believe concerning God 
and religion, and on whateWdcacfe 

For ax " all people will walk ^ 
ter the name of their GckH," 'A 
ouryiews of thedivinccharaaer an 
cfTcntially wrong, our religit>awffi> 
be fo likeurife ; and our cooforMin,! 
to the chaiafler an<f inninidou ^ 
the objeft of our worfhip, howd*^ 

cxai.1, will be fo (ar from 11 


On Self- examination. 


oeAed with the fal?ation of the 
belicvery recciretli dlrinc truth on 
the teftiniODy of God, fubmits to 
it, and embraces it, and is govern- 
ed by it, and endures to the end. 
This implies that it is a fruit of re« 
jewing grace, that it involTes re- 
CBopliation to God, repentance 
ftr Go, approbation of the law and 
jpl^eU and ^entially, all ChrifUan 
jncesy and is produ^ive of a 
^onrfe of pericvering obedience to 
dmne commands to the end of 

.5. Wc mull examine, whether 

■Cneriencc the cxcrcife of the 

"■ graces, in particular, 

we truly love the ever 

HdTed God ? This mud be deter- 

jUioed primarily, by a confcioufnefs 

'fi vhat paiTes in our own minds. 

j^dui be determined in the afHrm- 

"e^ the enquiry may be exten- 

iboSy is the prefent confciouf- 

of lore to God a folitanr ex- 

or have we a coniciouf- 

.of a feries of like cxcrcifcs, 

the time that we have hoped 

Ap t we were the children of 

•Hiere is indeed a time when the 
Jljpe Chriftian has the firfl expc- 
ipKX of love to God, at the time 
jT his laving convcrdon ; but this 
can never be his cafe but once, and 
Aerefore do:h not materially afTccl 
die prefent enquiry. 

{fwe are unconfciouc of a feries 
of exercilci of love to God, from 
the time that wc fuppofcd ourfclvc^ 
to be renewed, no prefent imjircf- 
fionof that afpe^ cah give well 
jrounded evidence th:it: we arc 
pafled from death to lite. If our 
love to God be genuine it is pcrfc- 

This being found on examina- 
tion, wc enquire after the objciJlive 
ground of our Icvc to God. Docs 
It reft on iroprefTions of divine favor 
4^)y ? In a belief that God has 

given us fonie great temporal or 
fpiritual good, or thit he will do 
it hereafter ? Or Is it tlic refult of 
a view of the real excellence, or 
beauty of .Ae divine chriradler, as 
holy, jufl, good and glorious, ex- 
hibited in the works or word of 
God, diredty to the mind, with- 
out any refpcd to fclf or* fclf-intcr- 
eft ? For though true gratitude for 
divine favors is a fpiritual and holy 
exercife of heart, totally different 
from felfifh rejoicing in our own 
private advantage, and the confe- 
quent felfifh affedlion to the bene- 
radlor, yet, the nature of gracious 
affj^ion, is more eadly difcerned 
and didinguifhcd when excited by 
direct views of the moral beauty 
or lovelinefs of divine objedh as 
they are in themfelves. 

This difUn^ion is exceedin^y 
important. ** Sinners love thofe 
who love them.'* A heart entire- 
ly finful, may be deeply affected 
with the reception of perfonal fa- 
vors, and this affciflion to the ben- 
efaftor will be proportioned to 
the imprefEon of the greatnefs of 
the evil to which the fubjedt was 
expofi d, and the greatRcls of the 
good beftowed. Hence die fin- 
ner, who is awakened to a realizing 
fenfe of the wrath of Gi^d and 
his extreme expofednefs ro eternal 
mifcrv, and is fuddtnly imprcflld, 
(by vhaiever means) with a belief, 
tiuit Go.-i bvcs him, that Chriil di- 
•^J wl'.h a dcfiontofjve hi:n, that 
God !»•: pardoned his (ins, or v-'ill 
fuve him from cndleA torments, 
fuch a llancr will be filled with 
unutternble joy, and v/ill be 
full of exprLflions of his great 
love to God and Chrift, on the 
principl*^ of perfect f:Ifi(hnefs, 
and without ^e leaft degree of 
true holiiicfi, wc genuine love to 
God and Chrifl. Such \\',\% the 
cafe with the Ifraelites at the Red 
Srra,vli'j '* fang the praifcs of God 

On Seff^xamiiialiaM. 


lut ibon fiirgot his works." Aod 
fuch it the cdfe of the /lony grtnind 
bearert io the parable of the Tow* 

That we may not be dccetTcri 
ID this important uticlc, we fhouiii 
cuquiiCi wliether our love to God 
is excited by b view of his law, 
Its precepts, piohiUtions and faiic- 
ttoDSi by the mediatorial chsrafter 
andworkof Chrift) as fupiioning 
it,in all thofe views, and even mag- 
nifving itand making it honoraUef 

Whv.htT we love God when he 
Tiliisv^with affliftioniand crolTei 
for our ^:is, and whether we love 
him u'he:) \ve have the leatt com- 
fartable h'.ij-« of faring mercy, or 
only whin we belie\-e he lores us 
and will fnvc us i \ 

6. We muft exambj, whether 
our love to God b= attended with 
correfponding exerclfes of othei 
(raciousafFedior!, fuch as repen- 
tance for Cn, felf abafcmeo:, cor- : 
with the gcfpd 

mind a conviAion oftbeexci 
and perfeAion of the divin 
and thus fhows the grcu evil 
which is " a traa^rdSon < 
law." vicv/ of perfor 
pruducci^o the renewed fou 
feir-diTapfrobaucn for it, th: 
uiae fubmiflion to the conde 
feoicnci: of ihu law, and tk 
di^l rielite lO return ta God, 
conftitute the elTence of true 
tine and diltinguifli it froir 
legAl Ibrrou-* fur Qn which m 
ift ii; '.lie unfanfliScd hear 
which arc axcited by i con< 
of expofedncfs [othe wracbof 
Trvc love to God aLd repei 
for iin, are attended witli a 
▼iflion of our ruined (tuc : 
ner*, of tIieiighteouf;:cfs ot 
in our condemnation, and ( 
ll(n(hiiign?cd offovereign ti 
of courl'e the niediaiiirial c 
ter and work of Chtift appi 
their glory, and the wiy of 
for (itiners through hii 

• » 

iSoF.-] On SJf'exmmmttthn, 85 

Ghdllare dtcntally connedlcd %!th That feif denial which Jcfus a^ 
IBDuine loTc to God ; even fo are fures hs is efTcntial to difcipleniip, 
all the graces of the Spirit, fuch ;io ; confifls r.ot, as many xaiiguided- 
ChrilKan hnmilityy brotherly love, ' zeali-ts Lave fuppolcd, in tor- 
good will to all men, kir.dr.cfs 10 . mtntirg the body, or excluding 
clir poor and afflidcd, fcr^^ivcntfs ourfclvcs from thofe innocent en« 
to tbe imuriouSf wcancdnch fiom joyments of life which God gra- 
the' world) (elf-dcDial, heavenly j cioufly f^ives us, and which are 
■jndfdoefa ; with all other « 
bfiBchcs of the Chri{li?n temper. 

Hence if we find in ourf elves 
an haltitBal and pcricvcrlng love to 
Gody fjrom views of his moral cx- 
cdeocc* we muii enquire whether 
•Utlove is attended with the cor- 
i d juad tng graces, which have 
iHMUUDed ; for if this be not the 
mSt we have no juft ground to 
coKhule tiut we are ilic children 
tf.Godf becaufc there is an infcp- 
adUecozoniunion in the nature (.>f 
4 ha^ afTcc^ions and the holy 
:s abundantly tsacii, that all 

;Clirifliaasxcc;ivc from Chrift, 
£ir grace, and have the fame 
which wus alfo in hir.^. 
-ti^. -We niufl examine, whcclicr 
jOV Ij9vc to Gudy uiid to fpiiitUAl 
mI divine cbjcds hz fuprcmc. 
QterUeiicd Saviour hus .ibundunt- 
}fy tanght ns thit ex. upt. wc love 

" to be received with thankfgivingy 
of thofc who believe and know the 
truth." But it eonfilh in that ex- 
perimental and f radical religion, 
in which a fupremci governing love 
to God and divine things bears us 
on tliruugh all opposition from 
within and without, in the fervice 
of God, with a (leady aim at his 
glory and. die good of his king- 
dom, in contradiction to all the 
felfifli and narrow purfuits of the 
carnal mind, which are ever di- 
reded to fome private, peribnal ad« 
vantage, without any refpefl to 
public good and which arc not fub- 
ordinate but ukimately oppofed to it. 
8. Wc n)urt enqaiie^ whether 
our internal views and excrcifes in 
rtiigion, arc attcn led and follow- 
ed with the corrcfj'onding fruiti 
of obedience, in a praJtical re- 

gird to ail divine ii.lliturior.i and 
raorethan ail crtfuicJ obj-.*5ls, ( cmnianils. — ^Thii io the laii and 
to part, '.villingly, ium uicm j crcwning evidence of o«ir difcipie- 
hisfjiL.:, whw3 t'icy arc in ] fiiip, ar.:! title to ctCTnal life, for 
"lion witli him ; v. c cannot j " liiis !s the If ve of Cod that we 
. difciplcs, and tint except kcc-p his con^im^rdments, and 
'devy oanelvcs ar.d take up our his commandrr.cnLS arc not griev- 
' , and follow him, w^- ous.*'* 

This fubjCifl of enquiry might be 
confidtred in relation to our v/holc 
life, fmce we have profe/Ted to 
know the tri*'.h : As it is conncd- 
ed with all our relations to Cod, 
as a being of infinite perfedion, 
our creator and prefcrver, our law- 
givc^r, and jud^,e, — as our Re- 
dcLmcr Ahd fanflificr, our provi- 
dential governor, and the objeft 
of our worfhip ; — as it rtlates to 


lilfrao part in him.^ 
US. OMT love to Cod be fupveme, 
be attended with the cor- 
ig views and affcdions 
been named, and we 
Wl^de the teft of thofe difcrimi- 
declarations of the divine 
fiut if no:, v/e {liall, 
** weighed in the biJdUcc, 

^ACat. X- 37* 3^- ^"^ ^^i- ^4- Mark 
jBjf r "^^ is- S3.&xiv. 26, etf^tjpm* 

I John v. 3. and 2 John (i. 

66 B"y Sanaifeat 

■II ihe 'reUiiTe duiirs vhirh we 
owe 10 c>ir TcHqm- crc:t;t:rrsi l.ld 
lit oiir ptcftiU aii.'l future Iiv«.— If 
wet religion be genuine, it caufkLS 
uiiohaiv rtf^tft ir, altGod"scom- 
mandmcrt:, ard [Tuiuceth uni- 
vctfaluljc.Iii'nee, attwdcd ipdeed. 
with liiiful iitipcrfcclinn, for in cr- 
erv thing uc cc:t:i. (hor;, but ftill 
■ve aim at pcrrc^inn, ard are long- 
inf>. [)raytn,'> ami iTririn^ after it. 
— -O-jr finfi:! imj>erfi.aion in every 
duty it afourci; of hi^miiiati.'^n !'■;- 
foil Cod, iind w'l: u'litch and ptay 
Ktl ivccntvr into t.mpta'Jon. 

That fpirit of Clinftian obedi- 
tnc; tt-h'ch ar-miics the tiu; 
Chrifiian, i-.not leG fineertly en- 
|i.i);cd in the difcharge of th; com- 
mon duties of life, h ouf doirtf- 
tie and other rcUcico?, than in 
■|iole which an the moO poblie and 
-il}i]«)did i for it edecms the ditine 
commands conccr^iing all ilungs 
to be right, and hajea every falta 
To pcifons of thi! defcri 

a^hm God vrnfgk i 
/aaiiiptotioa in hu 
had tkt bovKT, vihy 
rttld<r mm ptrfiBty i 

dcls) who olUD n 
ricslikc thefe, with ani 
that th-yarc imanfu-erab 
they ihall enjoy a ceita 
over the ChrilHaHi « 
inroivci in it fuch Bifpi 
fwerable abfurditiet. b 
tioti i« neceflarv to anfui 
lc<]ueIlion!of'an InGdi 
commonly bellowed on 
of Chrifbanity, eren bj 
Chriniani. The Inik 
appean as an interrogai 
plor, 'ti!Iheha% with 
it iaconfiftency. letded 
through which its fallacy 
iramcd lately appear, r 
preipared htmfelf,ihe In 
fbrtlt to puzzle believers 
fubjefl of the foresoin 
often referted ti 


Why S^fnSj^caiion u progrejfiven 


ipcrfed ; which is a contra- 
I. Iprdume that all whc 
of God's exifteoce and per 
I9 alfi) admit that he created 
rid* This I afliime as a 
l|ropofiuoD| becaufe I ncv- 
nd of a man who admitted 
ie» that dftiied the other. 
d is an infinitely perfect bo- 
ld if he created the world, 
tainly had fome defign in 
icrwiie it mud be charged 
Bm as follji or iiupidity. 
would undeify him. For 
Awledge of God's deiign, 
IB his ultimate defign) in 
eatioay we are wholly in- 

toliis Revelation. In that 
n that his deiign is the glo- 
Ml of himfelf ; or the dif- 
» «D intelligent beings in the 
C^ of his own pert'cdtions. 
easfly leading to this end, 
rk of citation was begun and 
k io the manner in which 
Thefidlof man, and all 

revealed in the word of 
ittcmiing to the work of rc- 
iOB ; and the work of re- 
al itielfy with all its attending 
Sance^ were effe^ed, \vith 
JO the ultimate deiign — ^thc 

If God is a perfc^ being, 
ihis own glor\' in view, as 
\ cod of all his woiks, it 
c-that be has chofen tlic befl 
»0icttnsfor the accomplifh- 
of thit end. To fuppofe 
nfinilcly wife, and not to 
holcnthc wifell mceins, for 
tainflient of- an end, is to 
I animpoilibiiicy in his ch»r- 
:; becaOjC it is sV.ppc fi n g 1. i ni 
hf viie, and rot ir^ip.ittly 
: the- fame tine. It\ thtr.. 
WBk chcfen th»t:hc Y.-jrk or' 
cadon* thciigh btp.min il.j 

of the cledl here on (.uiih, 
DOtbepcrfe^ed intir^li. .,v.l' 
Ml the foren:tjiJc.-3eci ^.:e;:;- 

ifes, confidently aflert that it is the 
oeil poflible way which God could . 
I.avc chofen rcfpcAing it, fo far as 
it relates to the attainment of his 
la(l end viz. the glorification of 

3d. As fome, perhaps, may 
not be fiztlsfied with this anf»ver, 
and will enquire *why it is more for 
God's glory, than fome other way 
would have been — that is, than to 
have rendered man perfedly holy 
at once ? I will proceed, and at- 
tempt to (hew, in fereral particu- 
lars, the advantages which this has 
over the way propofed. 

id. It is neceflary that fandtif!- 
cd, andGnfnlmen, (hould live to- 
gether in the world, or that God 
Ihould remove the fanflified out of 
it, as foon as fandtification takes 
place, li God were to remove 
them from the world, as foon as 
they were fandtified, there could 
be no advantage in immediate per- 
fect fandlification over that more 
gradual method, of accomplifhing 
the work, which has taken place. 
Becaufc the clcdl arc made pcrfcdt 
in hclinefs at death, and they would 
be no more on the other fuppofition. 
i But it is conceived there is an im- 
I portant advaitagc derived to focie- 
I ty, made up, as it is, of holy and 
I wicked men, from the imperfcft 
I Aate of the landtified, in this life. 
The wicked cannot love holi- 
ncfs ; that is, the unrcgcnerate man 
cannot love the holinefs of God. 
If be could, he would love God. 
The more holy a man is, the more 
he is oppofed b> the wicked. Thus 
God, being perfcdly holy, appears 
'0 them, fo far as he is ieen, per- 
ftvf^ly halt fill. If men were rcn- 
ricrcd jcrkrf^Iy holy in this life, 
tb'jyv/ould be per fccftly hateful to 
ihe unhcly ; and it would be im- 
p:aflicabie fi:r them to negociatc, 
V « : r rr. r. fd dl w r. y b'ufi:i^{""S Xc^v^w . 
/ AL -J.s kind cf?.':::* \v\ucVi \i\^^ 

iPhj SaiiBjficatioix it progrrjive. 


Aacdia c:ed of iVom each other,' 
would ce^e to be performed, bC' 
ciufethey coold not live togeihrr j 
in Ibciety, without a perpetual ftata 
of warfare. The wicked min, if | 
he bad the power, would deftroy ^ 
allhoiymen, wherever he found | 
ihem J thus, peace, ercn ihe little ^ 
there is' in the world, would be 
driven o<it of it, ar.d the caith i 
wotJd, at once, become a hell, j 
The wicked Kite hr.liaefs, in pro- i 
portion a they fee it ; and the on- 
1^ reafon they do not now tife up , 
ia hoftilc ojipofition to the ful^cfls j 
of it) in the world, is, they are 
laid under reflraint. They are ^ 
kept from it by the power of God, ' 
and not by an^ goodnefs of their 
own. The r*ftraint, which God 
laysthc ^vicked under in this world, 
is all that kcepi them fi am btconi- 
ing devil* rrt once. They have, bjr 
ClhcfumepsHions ; b-JtGod, 

bout him, and alxiut his houTe, and 
about all that he hath on -very fjtle^ 
Thou haft blefled the work of hiif' 
hands and his fubltance is increaTe^ 
in the land : Bm put forth tliltt^ 
band nwur, and touch all that Wj 
hath, ard he vjill curfe tliee to I^j 
face." Thisisih^atunU lanjuB^W 
of the unfinflifief man. ft 3W- 
therefore, ntceflary, in order ta^ 
convince him cf his «ror, that iKS*< 
fanflified man fhould be in a ftate"' 
of trial and temptation ; that, by' 
his cle.^ving to God, and to the 
faith thsl ii true and holy, he ma» 
convince the wicked that there fj ' 
fuch a thing as holinefs ; and that 
he loves it for its own fikc ; that 
is, becauTe it ii lovely in itfelf. 

3d. Itfecmsiobea^tP.Tary that 
faints ihould not be perfcilcd in ho- 
linefs daring thit life, to fhew them 
their true chaiaaer. They could 
not know Uiat holinefs was ihrfr 

iluntary choice, were they iio<| 


Whf S<ui3ifc4titH itprfgrtffive. 


l»lii^ |»dation« They are taught 
tbu^dependencct by being ftrcngth- 
tofd by Chiifty after thoK tVequent 
jij^. which happen whenever 
they begin to (land by their own 

Owing to the forgetfiil faints^ during thfs life, is neceflaiy 

m of man, it is important 
4iit- thole truths, which it is for 
hip gDo4to remember, ihould be 
f^pcafie^ly imprefled on his memo- 
ly. . And this is moft cffeftually 

er experience them, except in a 
ilate of trial ; and this, as obfer« 
ved before, is necefTarily conne^ed 
with a (late of imperfe^ion. 
6th. Imperfcd holincfs in the 

to teach the intelligent aniverfe the 
greatnefs of Chrill's victory over 
the advcrfary. 

When two hoftile armies con* 
ptnd in a field, we always edimata 

OMic in the way which God has , the magnitude of the efforts made 
cfaolen refpeding the faints in this : in obuming tlie Ti£lory» by iht 
life ; for, if they never had back- . unyielding obftinacy with which 
Sjiaif they cixild not be renewed ; j the vanqii^ed army fought. l]he 

i(,BOt renewedf thefe impreffions 
oaud BOtbe repeated ; 8c if the faint 
vaaperfed, he would not backflide. 
. 5th It is neceflary that faints 
l^fvld continue imperfect in this 
Sri. that the malignant nature of 
fia might be Icen by them. If 
ypof were made perfe^ft in holincfs 
^ OBcei they could not fee, or 
ijac any realizing underftanding 
Mf the unyielding nature of fm. 
^hen holinefs is implanted in the 
^prta it gives a death wound to 
ibe. DQ&l natnre of m-in. But, 
Bk the ** Man of fin*' it *' has its 
Sfeprokuiged for a time ;ind a fca< 
(bof thongh its dominion is taken 
.tSfUffm" The feed of the woman 
^ ^ hnufedUxK. icrjpcdt's head/' 
.bithe is not killed ; arid aftei* he 
k faruifedj and his power of de- 
^roying is taken from him, yd he 
ipilhes, and throws hiiiifcU into 
jffdj^ia^iligniint, vindictive j.oflure, 
ihtt he poilibly can. He keeps 
4p a conUant ^warfare in tiic faint, 
fay the fan Aification of whom, the 
ferpent's dominion has been bro- 
ken ; and, tliough his life and 
Ibtcgth are conllantly (iiminifh- 
log in the conted, yet ilie RxbLA 
ittnains of tlunn are f|A:iU in ex 
preffions of a majif^nioit hati cd low- 
aids , holinefs. Thcfe things the 
lubt could never know fo well as 
hy experience ; and he wouid oev- 
Vou 11. No. s^ M 

contcft between fin and holinefi»- 
is the conted between Chrift axid 
Satan. Ever fince the fail, the 
difpute has been carrying on be* 
tween them, foruniverfal empire. 
The heart of every faint is made 
a field in which this battle js fought* 
The (aint is the fpe^tor who be- 
holds it ; and he fees fin, though 
vanquifhed thoufands of times, re^ 
turn to the charge ; and never fub» 
mitring fo long i\a it retains any 
power of oppofition. And this it 
does fo long as it retains any life. 
Though its head is bruifed and 
broken — though it is mutilated and 
wounded, in its body } fliU, like 
the fccrpion, it itings with its tailf 
that it may torment the faints* 
though it may no more dcftroj 

This (hews alfo the unbounded 
love that Chrill felt and cxcrcifedt 
towards men, v/hich influenced 
him to engage in fo great and ar« 
duous a confli^, x::erely to refcue 
them from die power of his and 
thtir enemy. It ihews his love to 
the faints, alfo, which influences 
him perpetually to cxcrcife the 
fame power for their prefervation, 
which wis exerted for their refcue. 
As great power is now, and ever 
will be, neceflary to preferve faints 
from fallinjT away into fin, both 
here, and iu bxavciiv, ^ii'a vi^^ ^^- 

^ Why SanOtfcat 

ttff*ry, in the (it(l tnflance, to 
bring them oui of it. By cxptri- 
Cnciog ihii truth, in a Hate of trial 
faeiF on biiihi the flint, when 

; qumplete in boiincfs in the txiv- 
• cnly kingdom, will hnve a more 

■ fiwiy and gloriou* iniprcffion of 

' itt Oatt he pollibly could ha«e hid, 
if God completely TanAificd 

'"Urn at once, and d'.-piivod I)im of 
Ail inflmOion which mufl be de- 
rived from expoidicei Thus 
God, for nlx/fe glutVi all ihingi 
in creation, are brmighi into cxift- 

' race, and ihcc fi;j>]iorted, will 
appear moic "GbriTOi in Ho- 
lincfs," to the peifc^cd funia in 
heiven, and to the holy anjjcl) 
Toond the ihione, ihjn ht coold 
poiGbly appcs-f in any other man- 
ner. And the gljry of Cod. 
manifeflcd in the wonders of re- 
dtcTTiing love, " whicli the angeh 
o look into," when di- 
Vi'lttd of all mvftcrv. and unfo!d- 

i, pnz^J^-i. 


expefled. and fpeSatorj a« i 
paied it. From thefe /iji 
prrf^J'&ri, it is not expefted t * 
when met willi in (hem, by a1 
fpeflinp, hot honed, enqoirera 
tcr the truth, it has, ar IcaK 
tendeiicv to quiet inch in a f 
hope, if not to prejudice then 
gatnll '* ihe trvi'.h as it is in Jefii 
and lopcrTuade ihemthat rdig 
it all hypocrifi'. Tothofeof 
reader? who have liad expcrin 
tal (rowledge of the CTangcl 
religion, which Calriniftj eoBa 
for, tliis argument will come * 
great force ; becaufe, being ■■ 
it) truth by experience, they 
come fo ftrongly impreffed, 
all rpeeuldtive re ifonings in (^ 
tinn in iti will appear idJe US 
meaning, as the ideoi's fmile. 
with thtifc who have never ^M 
"hoiincfs in their be 
it is not expcdedthitthcaigaa 
ill have an* effca. Such« 


The greatnefs of divine mercy. 


By this progrefs God 1ft communi- 
atifijv a rpecies of knowledge to 
slligent beings, which they could 
attain to in an}' other way- It 
it a knowledge of the in^nitely 
odions and inveterate nature of 
fin t and o: that infinite \o\'q which 
Chiift exercifedy Hill exercifcs, 
Hid forever will excrcifc, towards 
Jus children. This knowledge is, 
and ever will be, in the faints, an 
Hieidiaufliblc fource of gratitude 
to God. All the fpcculatfons, 
Meditations and reafonin^s, on the 
fiAjeftt among men and Angels, 
wlHcfa they coulii excrcife could 
NVcrhaTe communicated this kind 
of -knowledge to an intellii^ent 

is mere! fat and gracious, long fuf- 
fcrin;» and abundant in goodqcfs 
and truth, ki.'eping mercy for thou- 
fand^, forgivinginiquiiy, tranlgref- 
(ion and (in. An ^^^y on the 
meicy of Gud may be fo abufed, 
that many may, by their prefump- 
tion upon it, enfure their dcfliuc- 
tion : Yet this is no i undent rea- 
fun why it ihould hr. lupprcffed. 
Satan has two fucccfsful methods 
in beguiling fouls to their perdition. 
One is to perfuadi ihcm to fup- 
pofc, hnce God is infinite in 
mercy, there is r.o jirefcnt necef- 
fity of denying thimfelves the grat- 
ification of their tvil hearts, and 
that tliey fiiay prolwbly have fuf- 
Here is a new difj)lay of ' Hcient op'^)ortunicy hereal'tcr, to 

ih a div in e ch^rad^cr connedled with 
tefidi and redemption* of man, 
■might into the view of an intel« 
Egeat mind, which, had it not been 
br this connexion, muU, for 

make ihcir peace with God. By 
this con fide ration, they accufloiu 
themfelvcs to put oiT a prefcut at- 
tention to religion — fin \\\\\i lefs 
rcftraints, and fo become hardcn- 

H^t that appear?, have forever | ed in iniauity by habit, and contin- 
enained unknown exccot to God ue careleis and irr«:ligiuu3 till dcn^h. 

■■ifelf. God, thcicfjre, ap- 
lem more glorious in this way, 
0tlie nniycrfe than he could have 
fpearedyhad he adopted the mLMii- 
id of (aodificaiio'i pointed uu'. iii 
lie enquiry which has nov.- been 
wofideied. And a*-^ God's gh'- y 
• hn ultimate dciign in all Lis 
vorks of crtrdtion, i^rovidcnce 
■d redemption, \vc are ta^ghr, 
ikaip ib far as his glc^-y is conn^x- 
ndwith the fanct:!:c:iii'jn of his 
cUdreni it is, by \.\<: gradwtl .ic- 
oonplifliment of work, ad- 
iMJUtd in the bctt, ;i:id v/ifcli pof- 
Ue manner that Gud could have 


The other device of »Satan is :i^ier 
a while to perfuide ihem, that they 
have veiy much loll their odiouu- 
nitv, tliK ♦here is 1 ;ilc hnnc that 

i^od. v.'ol! i 

i-l"j:."j rl-.e::i if they 

Ihould Mi^^.v ni;"'k.c t fer iou? k^flncfs 
of fjL'kintF ftlvation ; with this they 
eafily o\cufe tliemfclves fiom at- 
tending to it, and pcrfill in 
evil wavs, w th oily fom- tranfl-.^nt, 
u^i:o:Tii"o!Mbi: ici'ledltons. lioih 
of th'jf* devices, however iiicoii- 
iKiCut ii m.ij. fci'n, may be ufvd 
'.vitii dr.Mjful fujcefs, v.i.h the 
riPi-., at the f..'ne t;me. 
While he is fivint^ to hin^feli", that 
it is r.o: rrc^kible that his ice king 
filvation wi!l avail anv thing, after 
all is paft, he nip.y alio i!iy, 
that fincc God is infinite in mrrcy. 
things m.iy in the end be better 
tiian iiis i'c^rs, and fo encourage 
himfcit in hi> prcfumption. 'i .* 
Ihittagems of the tem\'>ttT \v\;i'^^it 

Tbe grtatnefs of divine mercy. 

THO' multitudes abufe the 
TCprefentations which ■ God 
idr of the greatnefs of his 
y I yet Cod declares that he ' equally dangerous, aud W\v«^ 'acc^ 

ti^'Danber of fouls 

It might b; ocpci^ed, that if 
finoen bfgan to apjiteheud thai 
Acir cafe admiited but little hope, 
it would increafe their concern ind 
aertions ; but the fa£t is com- 
monly otherwire. The carnal 
htart docs not love to attend to a 
fittijcAtb [ii£igre»bl:, and fccnes 
of bufinefs or amufemeat more ac- 
ceptable difpofe the Tinner to make 
a& excttTe of the little profpcct he 
tis of fuccefsi to quit the painful 
filbjefl, and enjoy the falfe pleaf- 
'Vfts which are immediately before 
Wm. This cafe is exceedingly cora- 
tfbn. And fha!) n'lthing be faid 
to break this dangerous fnare i 
Stiall not the infinite mercy of 
God be brought into view, and 
the great encouragements they 
^an to attend to religion ? Shall 
thii great gofpcl truth be fajipnC- 
fed, bccaufi; fome may abufe 



obtained it. Pnbfidnaadba 
bacc entered into (he kingdo 
God, and none of the vildl, 
have returned onto God, 
been tefufcd. Thefe obfem 
mart coniince the candid, 
the mere;/ of God ii immenft 
would now apply the fubjed 
number ot particular cafes 
which m;n arc much expofe 
oeglei^ alicnding to rcligioo, 
dcr tlie nation that (here is 
re^ilbntohupe, thjtCodwoul 
cept th?ni, if ihey fhould no 

This is frequently the cafe 
linners, who are very Ihipici 
rcgardtcfs of fakacion. God 
clares, that he that casfi 
and forfaketh his fins, ftuU. 
metcj'. But they think o^mt 
aod fuppofe there is little hop 
them. Therefore they negle^ 
cart thtmfcivcs upon the mett 
God thro' Chriif, and take 


. Ti^-^^v^^fi rf divUu nurcy. 


toufethis plea, 
to oooDieDancethem in their ungod- 
ly oourfe. But this will noii cx- 
oafe their unbelief^ for mercy is of- 
Jsnd-theni on the fame temis as to 
cthcTh aad the guilt of rcjcil^ing 
k. ii increafedy in proportion to 
Ae*gfcater exercifc of mercy which 
ii aAred them. — ^>ome have had 
■Hch iiiftru<ftion from tlicir parents, 
and others : Great means have 
been oled with them, they have 
hmi fiBkmn admonitions of provi- 
imncCf by fickncfs, and the death 
of Mtr relatives and fpccialfnenJs, 
-O^bave abufed ally and continued 
■ in .■nhrliffj till they arc fondble 
"^ Acy bare become hardened in lin, 
vjaAieriotts things do not af}l:^ them 
?4flft.^ finrmerly they did. They are 
to conclude, that after ail 
provocations, God will not 
mercy on them. They are 
they would not forgive one, 
fhould treat them in the fame 
But God, fpeaking on 
fiibjedt, tells us differently. 
■£iys« ** My tlio*t3 are [iOtyour 
.• tho'tsy neither arc yo<ir ways ;r<y 
. / Vtys ; for as thv; heavens arc lii^li- 
vtkan the earth, fo arc my ways 
bigher thaa ycjr v.-ays, and my 
iho'ts* than your tho'ts." Be- 
j maik they would iiOt for(*Wc one 
.. ;Vho had committed fu-h prove- 
t cuions a;Tainft them, it is vvioDg 
• '■ ID conclude tl^at Go\\ will not. 
-:13l0^ yoiT ** fms be as fc::rlct, 
' *Aey (ball be as white as fnow.*' 
r: ' Jb addition to all this, fomo one 
^^ m^j 6lj to himfelu ** I have ridi- 
'.. cslcd religious people, dTpfcd 
r, .godlinefSf and mad'j a Jciifion of 
-dieiabbath, ordinances, minidcrs, 
.- nd even of the hcly fciiiuurcs. I 
. - . am a mocker, ai^-l tluiu^^h m-.rcy 
s aay be found by all who have been 
i . defcribcd before, I have no reafon 
ir^i-ttczpet^ that God would accept 
feb ylK^ if I were difpofed to a^ply to 
M Hit^ 6m mercy." . Your ^uilt is in- 

deed great ; but the promifc is ab« 
folute, '' liim that comcth to me, 
I will in no wife caft ouu" Men 
arc apt to di (believe God, when he 
fpcaks of tilings which are above, 
and difFcicnt from their own exer- 
cifcs, and qucftion whether he 
really meins ris he fays. But this 
is qucfiioning God uX. an high rate* 
God undoubicdly underilood him* 
felf, when he made hij promifes, 
and would be undcrilood to mean 
as he has fitid. No fiancrs will 
be pardoned becaufc their fins are 
fmall, or b:: rejected, when tliey 
apply f>r nurcy, b^caufe their fins 
arc ^ The fmallnefs or great- 
ncfs of our fms a;e nodiing,t:ivhcr 
as a clair.i upon mercy, or a b;)r 
againti it, Chrift is thc^nd of the 
law for rigiiieoiifnefs, to every one 
who bclicvcth. Mockers there- 
fore, who will confjfs and Titfake 
dieir fins, ihall find i:i;:rcy. — But 
tiiough all thofi: may be accepted, 
p:rha[)s one may fay, *• I caanot. 
\<y fins arc iniiriitoly beyond all 
tlicfc. I hive ufed- my whole in- 
llucacc, witli much activity, lo pre- 
vent finncrr. trom nttcndlnp earned- 
ly to religion. I have been a very 
devil io tempt enquiring fouls into 
fujwc'^ of diilipation, tliat I might 
quench iht; drivings of the fpirit 
with tlicm. I have oppofcd the 
princ'pal di»olrincs of grace, and 
have even ufcd myautliority, 'vhcre 
itt'xundcd, to prevent av.akcaed 
finncrs^ from attending religious 
meetings. Andin fomc inftances, 
1 have fuccecdcd, and they have 
become fecurc by my means, and 
are dead, and probably arc now 
fuffcring the cndLfs wrath of God. 
There can be no hope for mc,*' 
Youi crimes are aggiavated to enor- 
mous guilt. You can make no re- 
paration for the evil you have done 
to fuch as are f(»n'vcr ruined. But 
wiih God is plenteous redeu\y.wiw, 
" He is pleuieo\i& '\vi t[ie,\c^ \j^ -s^ 


=/ 4.7 >J7. 


th««ll opon li-m." He will i- 
nlly pardon. Cod is won- 

derfi:! in mcicy. Mcrcyb ufttt 

fill' )'ou HI fcir nay. No higher 

Kntu arc piopoandcdto yoti,thiin 

n tke lewft U3tif|;rt(rcr. " He 

thtt bclievctli (lull be bizd." Is 

)-. the blood of Chrlll faBiixm 

I wifh away iHe decpelt ftwn f 

1 r>oi ihe bcieJit of ii promifcd 

to all who apply ? Did he tiol 

)rjvefinoers? And arc not 

Toa J IJTinM ? You owe ten ihou- 

faod ulcnts, and have rcthiog 10 

pay ; Bjt will he not fr.mkly t'oc- 

gireyonalH Take heed, that in 

idition to a!l yom former fins, 

)u do not Itniit the huly one of 

racl. Another may Ct". " 1 1"»W 

y\:e iI! ihl<, and befidrs hate 

own old in fin. I have feen iev- 

4I rcvivjls of Te!igLt>B-»4a»e' 

;en under deep conctrn myfcif, 

ind h:iv- refilled the ftrii-ingBof 

" ■ , until he hi 

phemin^ the Holy Cliofl,by open* 
ly, knowifj^ly and cxprebly impif 
tin« the evident watlu of the 
Spirit til SatR.i I like tli- Phnrilee*, 
who cnviuully fjid, he caltclh OtK 
deviU by Beelzebub. This is a 
dcf[ii;ni(c caff, not thro* the iBad- 
equsci' of Chri/I's atonement ; 
but bi-C>ufe it is certain that facfa) 
ai are gvilty of it, will never ap- 
ply for mercy. It is a grmuuIldCi 
Tear ihkttGod will nut readily re- 
ceive any a« foon as they TCtm 
unto him. The mercy of Godtt 
abundrint. The grouodsof a^^re- 
hcnlion are noi,tliathc will tcjeS t 
but I hit the Gnner will not np^y*' 
Here is danger indeed, not if' 
reifon of any limits in the niuty 
of God i butt>y rcafon of the fi<K 
tier's difpofition'to rejcA it, LcoH 
who are in fin, apply 10 G>id, and' 
hearken 10 him, uho calU upoa 
all the ends of the earth to look 
and be faved.- 

ttei.] 2>^id 

nda religioD and its profi-Hiin. 
Their rfpentance and iheir f.^le- 
quent conduft may tx: |>TO).'(;ily 
Tiewed togcilier. Pj'ti's 
bcco publillied and jfilii '■td iulf i iic- 
doa to many. l)ariti'.; in riian\' 
reTpeat, aiedniil.r. Thr (ins in 
both cafts were highlv ufK-nfiteto 
God, ud weiegicatly af;^,r3v;ttcd 
becanTe they were commiLtcd by 
hu own children. The fms of 
Dnidt cfpeciaJIy his two diftin- 
nflud O0M> adultery and niur- 
otr, were exceedingly great and 
■aoded with dr(;uin()!<ncc<i of |-v- 
oHmx aggravaiinn. Dut like Pe- 
ter Iw ^eedity became a penitent) 
ud perhaps fur one of his fics be- 
Jbrehe was g^ihy of the other. 
SiDDirg and ri.pcniii:n :iru f-ficn in 
fwccAon, and fonKtiivs in i):iick 
fbceeflion. Peter luifook CiiiiO 
bntrepentcd of liis fin ami return- 
cd — then he denied hini — then n-- 
peucd of this fin, and iillin the 
^•ce of a few hours. M:itt. xxvi. 

il, 33, 56. Some hsvc fu|i|io- 
d that D^vid lived for fcvcrdl 
BOBthi without Tcpcnr.ince, bc- 
cmfchis chilli v.jijcrn btfore Na- 
ibaa appeared tu \>\;r. aird Ld him 
to a con>eGiun (,t hi<; (Ins. 1; is 

MMedbcfcr: ; Lut"<-(.!)n.!eri:d lii'i . 
Imi private ores i;tinii:tjucnliy [ 
let bii huin!l>:<:i>in: (■■! thttii be 
pirate. Ocit laie l?ktn 
Alt none Pioidd h: acq'.:.t:rr.;cl 
Vilh the iv.uid^T M 1-., :i, Y.i- r-^mn'it- 
(edb.;t Jg^b, a,>d h-.rui,l!;:vid's 
confidcti-. The i.-.j ^-:e me. 
mbablyi^Un i;. •}.:■■ c :.:r !:;!i-, 
Mcffen-;T*;.fild?-r:..,."d '..e- 
l»«en JDuv:,; »i.,i r- '■. 'i-el'.-, ;.-t 
ikxf wei.- [r,b..'j!- r'.Ci^il of 
dwfiiithut !'i.' 1-1.. mite-, 
« wtr« c;.,iip'j-; :■!^di ii. 
Thewholju:.= f^. .■-. .;-'.'uJ t!m 
Cod raid to, •' T\ ot i^-tiii 
kfecretly." 2 ^sim. -.ii. li. Uj- 
«id did i: fu^rcily; fc:i: c.ntraiy 



to hh cxprflatioDs Et was fpretd 
abroad. When he was told by 
Natlian, that l)e had gircn great 
occalion to ilie enemies of the 
Lord to bbrpheme, he perceived 
ihjtitwasknown. This was prob- 
ably the fin't infurmation he receiv- 
ed of its being made public, 1 h;n 
he openly acknowledged it. The;j 
he made piiblic that repcntr.'.i'.-: 
wliich before he had kept tohir.i- 
felf. The |;robabiiity that lie had 
repented in private arifes frsi^ the 
fi'llo\S'ing conCdcratior.s. It ij 
not reafonable to fuppofe that a 
misnof his attainments in grnffi 
Ihould remain without repentance 
for fuch a length of time *s is pre- , 
tcndtd, or the hundredth pun of 
it. lie WW a careful obfL-ivtr cf 
liis own heart and of providential 
events. Inttrelting events boih in 
liis kingdom and in hisfaniilv, ;L.'clt 
place in thni period. Can it ts 
fuppofed that he was inattentive 19 
them, or that he attendetl to ilieni 
without leHtftions ujwn his own 
heart and conilua >. But this i& 
not all. 1.1 his eot.ftfiion in the 
51 ft Kalm Iwfnid ; " My l^n is 

;r bcfor, 

'i'bi; I 

?. Kaihan 
liini, i'saKitaTsby the title "f llw 
plaini. l:n;.j,'( bf li:-;ur.-d t:;,t 
in lavl.-.g, \X...\ bis ii,'. v,-..s tvti 
beibr^ him, he lo..k;d LMt'< bey;.nJ 
his ih.ivt ini'.tvicw niili thepr.i.h- 
et uc^ to a!nii,lhhL> whuk <1 iho 
time th„t hid i-JU-i,iy !itt!.r hi/ 
ri.iwa5con-.miired. Belldcr, N,.- 
ib.m iwA tu hiR!; " Th- J,..; i 

;;; J f^r ^'..:il.■^ t:> declare tl:'.- i-r- 

as the coiiliqujnee of that no- 
ment's repr.Rlance, in v*'rt\dv V.-. 
was f^^^iVing to hiin. It Avauwli 


be eflibliChedi that he rapenud 
vithauE ileJay, no ooe njay take 
encouraguneDL ihil \m flj.te U 
good if he leTnain iiripfaiicn: ȣ- 
la hij tranr^rt&ons. 

David's iiil ixcaliuned in bim a 
^reai dcgnt of lepcnunce. He 
humbled iumCelt gicHtly uDdci 2 
(cnfe of hii great wick«dj)cfs. He 
wai pined «i his very heart. Hit 
ptni he compared wiUi thofe whitii 
»ie occafioncd by biolwD boBes. 
He faid " Make me 10 hear jvy 
and jjlidncfs that the bones which 
ihau hiiil broken may tcjoico." 
It may lie fdid oi" him xhi\ lie vxpt 

Uavid'i iali Jed him to a free 
and open tonf/Jiiia of his iins. 
He conftffcd them to God, and 
be canfoflc.! them to min. It led 
him to i fteiiog fenfe of tlie wick- 
edneis of his nature ar.d of his 
praflice. ". lirasfluifnin iniqui- 
ty: and in fin did jny mother con- 

of bUfilt tSe'p*. 

(in. Purge me iviih hyfLp apd 
I fhaJl be ckan : k^'vfh me and I 
Ihall be whilet thitn fnow. C«e- 
ate in me a clean heart ; aod k< 
new a rightfpirit within me." ]je 
prayed tlir the conuniMccc of Cod's 
fpirit. "T^e C3t ihy Haly Spi|it 
from me." He prayed i'<it Uifi I^ 
turn of com&iit. " ^lakc ^^fa 
bear jay and gWief^— ReiUite nit- 
10 me xhe juy of th? fahatiga," 
He prayed tiial he might be k^pt 
from <in for the future t for he 
trembled at the ihought of- Eidlag 
again. " Deliver me i/vsa Uoofl- 
giultincfs, O God> thou Goi^ -ff 
my falTaiion — uphold me l^y iky 
free Spirit." He had a (e^t pf 
his entire dcpeodeiKe upoiv.^iKd . 
fur pardon, forcomloni for lUwgllL 
and fiir perfcveraDceiahvUncJa.;- 

D.ivid'i fail excited in kinl' *. 
concern fur other;. Grieved ti|at 
he had given uccidlon to the KC/t- • 
mi« of the Lord to bl,Jpheii>c,bc j 


On £) 



nth and 1 2th Chapters of the 2d 
Book of Samuel. 

Another obfervation ought to be 
nude in commendation of David 
after his fa]]. He received re- 
DTOofwitha proper temper. When 
It was adminiftered with the great- 
eft phinnefiy and from a fubje A to 
a UBgt he did not refent it ; nei- 
ther did he difcovcr the leaft de- 
ffik of aagerat hia reprover. The 
rqdy he made was 'Hhave Cnncd." 
Ulead of being difpleafcd with 
Mbthan for die reproof, he highly 
cfcenedhim and loved him, and 
lelliroony of his efteem and af- 
and often to remind himfclf 
of the reproof, he called one of 
hii ions Nathan, and one too whom 
kehad bj Bath-iheba. i Chion. 

regulate all our conduA. — Is it to 
be (uppofed, that after our heaven- 
ly Father has done (o much for us 
— ^has pointed out our duty in fuch 
explicit tern:<, and Yask filed up 
the book of Revelation^ he wiU» 
either immediatehf or meJiateiy^ 
undertalce to dired lis, by the 
blind and confounding inftruAion, 
wliichis, byfome (uppoied to be 
conveyed In dreams ? — I think not. 
It feems to me, that a siuch 
more rational account may be giv- 
en, of the origin and defign of 
dreams, than that they are iugge£- 
tions of either good or bad invifi- 
ble beings, and intended to diicdt 
ourcondud. Andalfo, it feems 
to me, that we ought to look for 
this, that we may not countenance 

gm ** Rebuke a wife man and that ftrong inclination there is, in 
he «31 love thee. many minds at leaft, to obtain en- 

T1le(e obfervations afford mo- i joyment without exertion. 
tbcs to faints to (land fad in the j What but this induces multi* 
Lardy and warnings to flnncrs to ! tudes to foriake the habits of hon- 
faiake their dns and turn to him : eft indufVry, and depend upon 
ff the righteous are fcarcely faved, growing rich, by the arts of fpcc- 
wboe fhaJl the wicked arid ungod- ' ulation ; or even by the purchafc 
W aapcar'* ? Infidels ihcmfclvcs . of a lottery ticket ? 
Mcld be (ilent and receive convic- . What, but the (amc fpirit, can 

Let the qucftion be fcricufly be the rcafon, that others, foria- 

pal to them. Is not the evidence king that pcrfc6l fyftem of divine 

if the reality of religion, from the icftrudtion contained in the bible, 

iMMUv emect which Peter and Da- are feelcing to grow wife, and to 

M made of their fall, gx eater than ' receive diredion for their condu«St, 

Ae evidence again ft it can pofTibly from the idle wanderings cf dicir 

he frcn: their full itfelf ? 

§n tte e-jil i^ttdfniy of relying qh 

AVOKG tlie various kinds of 
r^}^4^ftition to v/hich the liu- 
aHMi mird is liab4e« a reliance on 
draanu is ciic wliich is caljLJatcd 
la do iBJur^',to weak and unfiLttled 
adads f to ]eal them away from 
Alt fttliff dear, and glorious light, 
vUch a merciful God hath a^rd- 
Revelation ; and, by 
may, with entire fafcty, 
Vql. II. No. J. 

OS in 

minds in fleep ? 

Thefe are fcelmgs, which, crcr/ 
intelligent friend to mankind, would 
wifh to counterad ; as involving 
in them the wretchcdncfs of all by 
wliom they arc indulged. 

This view of things has indu- 
ced me to offer you lome obfeha- 
tions, principally extracted £zo:!a 
the 73 and. 74. numbers of the 
periodical paper, called the Jif:r- 
rar ; as exhibiting, in my view, 
important trutli on this iiibje^fk > 
I prefum'e that in the circle of ev- 
ery one's acquainuac^, 



I 9B OiDt 

7 be found ; wbo, aticr ilmoft 

{event has uken place, will 
of Tome dream, by which ihcy 
fuppofe tt was indicated to ihem. — 
I believe however, that h is not 
eerer^illy tboughtiu be a maik of 
found judgment and difcrciion. — 
|Nor df> I think, that it will be ad- 
mitted aa evidence it alt, thii invi- 
ageois are concerned in our 
|dreanij. It feems to me rot ica- 
o riippofe, that Cod would 
mploy myriads of fucb agents, 
D facb a bufinefs. — Our dream* 
certainly in genera) extremely 
mportant } and aatjueltionably 
they often receive their somplex- 
ion, and eYen their exiftencc, from 
(lie ft^te of our health, and other 
rciimrtaticei attending os, ty 
[which ttc cannot reafonably fop- 
jch beings would be afftfled. 

It " a dream comcth 
he multitude of buli- 

* v'hen I fee a man diffipaiing IriS 
' fortune by debjuchery, I m^ 
' with reafon, appreheod, ilia^. 

* difcdc and poverty wiIlfoonina>> 
' take him. If this conjeAliv 
' iroubtei me in the diy-iiine, tt 
' may alfo recur in (l;ep, accotO* 
' panied with (bme vifionary cit^ 
' cumftatices ; and I ftiall dream, 
' pcrhap', that 1 fee him io nn 
' and mifcry. Suppofe tbb reauy 

* happen foon after, what opiciofl 
' am I to entcrtsin conccroing ray 
' dream * Surely 1 have no more 

* reafon to confidei it as propfacti- 
' cal, than I have to look upon dw 
' conjeflurewijich gave rift toitB 
' the eifeft of infpiratioo." 

" Intemperance of every Idll^ 
' in Citing or drinking, in fleep or 

* watching, in reft or cMmfc, 
' tends to raAs dreams dilagrcei- 

* ble ; and therefore one end of 
' dreaming may be, to recommend 
' fobricty and modcradon. For 

(•tr.J £«^<M«>M efOUfiiA i$At. Rtmarhtmhti. 

tt the nrielf of oar 
"■Ampi ? ind vben uy uocom- 

■ aaa w diClgiCcablc dreun do 
'-cnn^ u it not more nuociil to 
*CHici, than to terrify ourfelvcs 

* l^dta fbolifli coDoeit, that it it 
"t|Miiiniiiil. and betokcos cidsm- 

* Itgm How often, during the dayi 
'jBttm^riariJe, whicbwccan* 
*,aaKKeoiint for, at uDCommoD, 
*.HriHpii and incongmoiu, u 
■;iioA wUch canpofe our dreunt. 
\m,ym fliriit auTe may check 
'Am iiirmfiliTi pcrfpimloa, which 
*^^ iceeflary to health ; and, 
^fi^M thit happoui we cannot 

■ MMfi dut OUT dreams (hould 
M|ub wfy u u other time}.— Let 
^■ME ^n bealatmcd M an ua- 
■(■■■oil drum. It is probably 
^■4ilij|nioTe than a fympton of 
W cding bodily (Uforder ; and, 
tt £y it hu nothing more to 

•d^ «Bh ftturity, Doris one whit 
€|||e>^cniatiiTal, thaoacut-Sn- 
rCg^ac • puig of the tooth-ache." 

ion of the i8th verfe 


^Ae haufi of Jacob fiall he a 

i^m^lL ioufi of Jofrph a 

■ dihtfMuftof Rfaufer 

nd ihtj Jbatt i'mJIe in 

\t mmJdevour them, and there 

9 mat hr any remaining of the 

^mf EfoH i for Iht Lord 

HHE prO|Jiecy, afcribed to 

Ofaadiah, has particular tef- 

jl to the dellruftion ofEdom, 

lihadeof Efau, Edam was 

i for their pride and 

b^aiOBg unto Jacob, a% is 

I from the fourth verfe — 

T mAau asmnfi ihy Irother 

%amijtm cover, tbte, arji 

ktrtwloj forever. Tho' 

> fiom Abraham, the 

IJbi niagled thqnfeltres 

▼.7- f9 
wiih the iteriien, and' i£«d tbe 
puiof enemiei ta God's chorcfc. 
Fhey denied the Ifhteliws a paf- 
liigc throQgh their country into-Ca' 
naan — they .joic^d a confederacy 
of heathen kings againlt the fleople 
of God in the retgn of Jehouaphat 
— (hey captivated and flew nunyof 
the Jewi in the reign of Aha*— 
and they alBIlcd the ChaMeans in 
burning Jerufalen. For all tbde 
things, the rigfateoot Lwtt, the a-'. 
veoger of his people, was prepar- 
ing a cup of wrath fbr them, and 
the prophet Obadiah was raifed 
un t^ announce his intentiaBi. 
The vfrfe propofcd for exphnaiioo, 
it t! conceived) ismeiely adefcrip< 
tion of the way, in which God- 
had determined to cut off EdoRi. 
Thiii (Iranje work of the Lord 
was 10 be eneAed by the inAramen- 
tality of the houfe of Jzcobt and 
the houfe of Jofeph. The reift 
is higbly figurative. When the 
fire h kindled in the dry ftubble, 
it cunfames all before it. In allu- 
fion to this, as a figure, the prophet 
f^tys, fhehoufeif JaetAfiaRbia 
fre, and the houfe of Joftfb a 
fiame, and the loup of Efau for 
'jabbk, andlhey, ( the houfe of Ja- 

I coll, andihehoufeof Jofeph)/M( 
i-.mlk m then, (the houfe of Efan) 
nnd deuOKf them, and there fhall not 
Ir liny remaining of the hiuje of E- 
fau.- For the Lord hath j^ohin it. 
A^Ti;eibly to this, hilTory records 
tliai Judas Maccabeui, who has 
lisen <:al]ed the Jewifli hero, and 
Hirc^Dus his nephew, efliiAcdthe 
OcAruv^ioo of die Edomiiet, and 
t:onrigiicd their nation to oblivion. 



Hchiewsv. 7. WhotK the d^iji 
of hit JUIb, vthen ha had offered 
i^fTMyenand/mfflicatJantt "-f'ltH 

RcvrBol of Retiptm ■■ Of^ f iintff. 


I y?r#<^ frying onrf r^'ttrj, unM Aim 
TrAart^>i3j aW^ (o /aw Ai* /rs"! 
I lifattt OKd mat htarj, in thai 

■^ HESE words evidcnily rtfer 
umooDT Saviour's priyer, 
Indagoayio the garden iccorded 
n Matthew xxri i Mark xiv. and 
Luke xxi!. at which time, Chrifl 
began to be foirowful, fore ama- 
Ked, and very heavy, and faid to 
liis difetples, my foul i; exceed- 
ing rorrowFul even unio death ; and 
lur Lord koeeied down, and fell 
U) hie face, and ptayed to his Fath- 
:r that if it weie poShle the hour 
Tiight pifs from him, and fiid. 
AbbaFaiher.aH thinp aiepoiliblc 
Olhce, takeaway [his cup from 
; nevenhdefs nci what I will 
at what thou wilt, and being in an 
pgony, he prayed more earneflly 
ud his fweat was a* it were great 
krops of blood filliag doM-ntothe 
[ground. This w ' ' 

ed, viz. that nip of inaniAii tbofe' . 
terrors, and pains he fuftcrcd wbeit * 
the powers of darknefs were fet 
upon him. It is inconfiflcnt to 
fuppofeour Lord prayed to be en- 
tirely frred or exctjfed from d««di' 
and ful^rings : and to illaftrateilee 
Johnxii- a;. ChriA faid, in prof- - 
peA of alt his fufTcrings, now n 
my foul troybled, and what (bail I 
fay ? What petition fhall I prefer 
unto my Fiiher on this diOrefied 
oecafion. Shall I fay Father fkvc 
from thi? hour ? as though he had 
faid 1 cannot make this prayer;' 
for this caufecame I unto thwhour, 
I was born, and came to die w 
redeem my people : and I appte> 
hend thai Chrifl never did, and 
never would, pray that the final 
cup. of death ftiould be taken b- 
way ; for If Chrift had not died, 
the who!e plan of rcdeinpti(X),aDd' 
fjlvrftion would have been frnllra* 
ted, the divine perfefiions watdd 
ippeared in their loftr^ ' 


Ri^m m 0tfeg9 <iMy* 


ti if yoa think it will Tub-. 
the caule of truth and piety. 
The Iboner ofrthcfe counties 
the head waters of the 
lah river, th; latter upon 
te hctd waters of Delaware riv- 
es^ ' Tlie counties united compre- 
hod a trad of country, almoft as 
IvK «9 the State of Conne<fticut. 
■^nut moral ftate of the people 
in ihafe counties, previous to the 
fait AVikeaings, was much as it is 
parts of the new fettle- 
which have not been vifi- 
IBlmlh the effufions of the Holy 
The people had little 
the (abhath was greatly 
,. and the few pious peo* 
through the country 
ich difcouragcd ; confe- 
train of vices and errors 
\f which rendered the (it- 
of the countr}' melancholy 
Some places were more 
taSfflftncd and civilized than oth- 
4l| fcot a genet^l Ihipidity reigned 
the whole ; and fomc fct- 
where the power of di- 
_ has (ince been glorioufly 
diflayed, were truly fiuing in the 
ffHon and fhadow of death. 
t^Ehc firll tokens of the lute re- 
attention in thcfe counties, 
Tifiblc in the town of Delhi, 
Ae cifntal nt Delawaie county. 
ttb place had been remarkable 
fit:flnpidity, religion was f/eatod 
contempt ; and the little 
I, confitting of three or four 
members, concluded that they 
fboo become ex rind. The 
Jrtia l began in the month of 
180CW Its fir (I glim- 
were fmall, rendering it 
whether a day of grace 
CO ibcceed. The fmall num- 
of Chriftians were between 
' gbd fear ; fometimes, they 
fgi the work increafcd and 
, were profpefts of a joyful 

harvell ; atothen* their pra^efts 
were covered withcloiids, and they 
were afraid that the Holy One of 
Ifrael was departing. Thus tlie 
friends of Zion waiched and pray- 
ed until near the laft of Apnl, 
when it became evident that the 
caufe had gained ground, and a 
deep (blemnity fat upon the counte- 
nances of many people. The la- 
tent fpark, which had gradually 
made its way to the confcience be-'* 
gan to burn with a gentle flame. 

The work increafed ; in the 
month of May we had (blemn days. 
Near the clofe of the month, in 
one part of the town, called Lit- 
tle Delaware, the power of di- 
vine grace appeared to bear down 
all oppofition before it. Whole 
families were under deep convidioal' 
of their lofl (late ; they crowds 
to know what they mufl do to be 
.faved. Jt was glorious to fee the 
difplays of dirine grace ; fome per- 
fons appeared as tho* they had loll: 
all their friends, and that their ru- 
in was irevitable, while others 
were comforted with the hope of 
divine merry. At»out the time 
the awakening became vifi!jle at 
Little Delaware, tie alter. tion of 
the people wns arrcftcd, in the 
fourhcrn part of the tov/n. Herf 
thr caufe fl runted with much on- 

no I 

pofiiion, bat was luccpcded, fo 
that a jovful numbcrr of people 
hoj-efully beciune the fu^jcdls of 
the glorious work. The revival 
continued in the town without 
much alteration, for many months, 
until many fmners were brought to 
experience in their fouls the merits 
of the Redeemer's purchafe. 
About fifty perfons in this town, 
have become vifibfc members of 
Chrift's church, (ince the com- 
mencement of the late revival ; 
fome few others expert foOn to 
make the fame public pi^fcffion. 
While the woik was \v\a^^^vci^ 

Revival ef RcHghm m Otfig» nwrf/i 


I» Deibi, God was plciTed to fend 
Ihis Holy Spirit into the town of 

I t'unklin, which liea fcventecn 
nilci u'cft of Delhi. The Rcrr. 
MDjviJ HaiTB-aitr pirachcs one 
Ihalf of the time in this pUcr, "dan 
loth«r bUf in the town of Wolton. 
|The4iicriion in this place, hke 
n Delhi, was gradual at it] 
■cominmcemaiit ; until God, in 
Ithe difpenfatioii of his providence, 
nTifited that town with fame folemn 
linOance^ of mortality. Thcfc, 
luodcr God, gave vent to the feel- 
lings of the people, which hid been 
Ifupprefled through timidity. The 
Ifrar of the world t-nnilhed ; and 
Ifnncis confefled their guilt. It 
a TolemQ time, for months \ 
Inuoy people will remember it br- 
iefer. How many people ha»e 
Ina^te a public pcofei&oa of rcli- 
i in this place, Go'^e the tefor- 
a begao, I cannot tell, not 
vidtcd them for monthi 
|;he number, ht 

fort the pre»:hing of tbe S0%4> 
The Miltaooaries obTerred anaag 
the people, -n fome parts of chii 

county, an unufual readiness to re- 
ceive the word. The good peo* 
pic appear to have been given mucb 
10 fecret prayer, and in fomc in- 
ilances uniied logethfr for focial. 
prayer, and to read the bci^ print- 
ed fermons. Some llnners were 
eonvided of their danger, and. 
Tome few hopefiilly converted, be- 
fore the work became public. 

At length, 10 Union focicty. a 
the head of Otfego creek, in the 
montb of April, tSoo, the awa*-. 
keninc put on a public appearand 
The friends of the church bq 
to lift up their heads and fingihi 
ing that the day of its redeiii|ib 
drew nigh. The attentifin i 
not great an its commencement j 
one was awakened here, and oqj 
there, in almoU every diceAion d 
the focicty, and fome witfaont i 
bounds. It foon become e 


Jicvival rf Religion in Otfego county. 


iM the feolifluiefs of preaching, 
fat G<xl wrought the fahation \ 
ft> hb Dame be the glory. The 
dkBrchin this place was formed 
fiacethe awakening began ; it now 
cwiiftiof fixty-onepexfons ; fome 
of thciB, howeveiy live without 
dbi bouodi of the Society. There 
iROtherperfonsalfoy who proba- 
jfc-iriB6onprofeli their faith be- 

Soon after the commencement 
tf tiie awakening at Union Socie- 
tfi difiHt fight b^an to (hioe in 
anidi lettlement, called Metcalf 
fcdement. This fettlement is 
ril^niilci northeaft from Union 
Maety. About the fame time the 
vdft Itaade its appearance, in the 

(ttttt#idL (ettlement, feven miles 
^^S^^bUL from Union Society ; 
^ ID this' (ettlement there had 
li(flhlbme tokens of an awakening, 
time before. In each of 
fiatkmentsChrift has a number 
dTwiniedcs to his caufe ; they 
yet united with any church, 
thole of them who refide 
I mi mm, weftem part of the Hart- 
iriA fatlement, they have united 
%^ the church in Union Society. 
Aboiit the middle of June the 
hfC glorious work began in the 
€X Springfield, in the north- 
part of the County. The 
u which God ufed at the be- 
IJniDg of the attcDtion were a 
■tie DDgular. The fmall church 
b tfiat place invited a clergyman 
loeoDie and preach with them on 
; klkbbatli and admini fti-r the facra- 
I iMtt of the Lord's fupper. On 
Friday, preceding the fabb;ith, he 
pittched the prc])aratory leAurc. 
After the public cxcrcifcs were clo- 
fcd, he requcfled the church to 
tviy, and examined them refpc^l- 
kglheir experimental and pra^ical 
ttugion. , They were fo deficient 
h nmily prayer, in the education 
if their chJdrcD, acd in other 


Chriftian duties, that they were in- 
formed without reformation, he 
did not feel clear to adminiftert to 
them the Lord's fupper. The 
church was folemnly moved, moft 
of tRem were in teats, and before 
they left the houfe confefled their 
fin, and promifed reformation. 
From that day the church arofefrom 
the duft and put on her beautiful 
garments ; and the awakening im- 
mediately followed. It has, by 
no means, been general in this towa ; 
fome people have been convi^ed 
and hopefully converted, fome oth* 
ers folemnized, but many have re- 
mained unmoved. Our places of 
divine worlhip have been full, and 
ufually attended with much decen* 
cy, and fometimes with deep £>• 
lemnity. Seventeen perfons have 
publicly united with the church, 
in this place, fince the commence* 
ment of the awakening ; and a 
coniiderable number of others ex« 
ped foon to make the fame decla- 
ration of their faith in Chrift. 

The attention to religion began 
in Worceder, in the month of Ju- 
ly, though in one part of the town 
there were favorable appearances 
fome time before. This town is 
on the foutheaA part of the Coun- 
ty } and is very extenfive, compre- 
hending three fmall focieties ; the 
land is mountainous, confequently 
the people not fo numerous as in 
fome other parts of the country. 
The attention became public in the' 
various parts of the town, nearly 
at the f«me time. Many people 
were under deep concern for their 
fouls ; and there was a general 
flocking to hear the gofpel. In 
fome indances, in this town, con- 
viction rofe uncommonly high, and 
fome convtifions were remarkably 

It may be proper to mention one 
inUancc of convifiion : he was a 
young man of Vutidt<^m^ xslu^xvi 


Rtvivul of JitSjiom im Otpfft t<iimtj. 


t of : 

about [wea;y' 
He had bcCD tioaurcd with 
viflilirin, but now fjyi, dut be 
newt, inhii coo/cifnirc, beKned 
tlioTc rentimenu. S-ioa after Iiu 
iwakeoiog cammi-nccJ, hiidMibts 
v/ere remaved r*fpr(iing uainriftl- 
ifM.anii lie wascunvinced there wai 
< h^U ; ^'1 1 mc.1 d.-euif^I fzeac 
1 icg^ cosriiftioos fallowed. In 
cuDfcrfation with hi; fricodt he 
oficD ufed thefe eKpreffions ; two 
hells are taj portion, ooe in the 
inicmai region), tJie other in my 
own*ft. Aftc. a knn i,f the 
maSt dreulliil temptations in which 
hii liii was cDdangcieil, and his 
tiiends i&vich aUinicd, God was 
pleafed to ;evul his Son in tini, 
and Ihew him th^richesofhii grace- 
Hi* conreritun, in his own opinion, 
<t the niofl clear at llrft i his 
unguagc WM, it tajinoi be, ih: 
God Ihould (hot; mercy to fuch 

tiling! of rclij^n have appeared 
enccUTiginK among lliri people (al' 
Tome time : but ihi; pedent proll 
pefti »r* much mote ^vorable Fa 
Ihc ooitliern part of die focietjj 
by the name of Piertowa, Ond 
has difplayed hii ])ower, and a^ 
oy people are fglemnly awidceix^ 
andcumberi hopeful!)- convened. 
The piofpeft:, ia this fociely, m 
now at eacountgiog aj in any p«i 
of the county. ^ 

la the eauif: of my raiffion. I 
took a touT down the Snf^uchuir 
nah river vt Tioga Point, whict 
is about one hundredand fifty mile 
(torn its fource, then turned m 
louife wefl up the Chenango ri«i 
tilled fomtimet Tioga river, fixtj 
iBilet, ihcQ turned my courfe north 
eal) through Cayuga, Onooda^ 
and Oneida counti«. On .du 
Sufquehznnah aod Chcoajiga ri* 
etJ, there are fome ChriftiaiM, \n 
the people we generally Oupid. 

•3 AngiUna, 105 

Kinmenthufiarm. Perfbns . (hipid in their (Ins. The trad of 

at die besinning of their 
kiont» been lolemn, and hare 
Aed a great eagernefs to hear 
rd. Their countenaDces have 
ill of meaning, denoting that 

countryy through which miffiona- 
ries, from the United States, trav- 
el, is (everal hundred miles fquarc. 
This trad has but partially experi*- 
enced the influences of the Holy 
mg of importance lay with I Spirit. When we conllder the 
weight upon their minds. ■ worth of fouls, and their unalter- 
sr conviAions incrcafed they ' able flate beyond the grave, it is 
lomplained much of the (hib- ; hoped that every pcifon will con* , 
A of their hearts and of tribute to fend fah-ution to thofe . 
^ilefs ftate by nature. Pre- , who are dcftitutc of the means of 1 
fo coaverfion, they have j grace ; not only to our brethren 
Ji^ifd to find much fault j in the new-fettle ments, but to the 
Kmae Ibvereignty ; but, when , heathen upon our frontiers. They 
been bom again, they ' have fouls as valuable as ours, and 
embraced that glori- ' are capable of enjoying the fame 
idit 4S one of the great four- \ fp: ritual and everlafling blefEngs. 
f tbeir confblation. Jefus \ I have been kindly treated iu . 
^ nd the bible have been the wildernefs. The people pre* 
not themes. They have 1 fent rheir thanks to the MifEpnary 
]^ improved exceed] nnlyfafl Society of Conneilicuty for their 
t plaio points of divinity, but , liberal contributions and exertions 
Bade aflonifhing progrefs in j to the fupport of millions in the 
teat dodlrincs of the gofpel. new-fcttlements. Thty wifh the 
hare not been difpufcJ to people in Conne(5licut grace, mer- 
4»t modefUy to hear, ra:h- i cy and peace, an hundred fold 
a dilate. As f^rfis we can more in this life, and in thc^'orld 
, fince the comn:cncemer.t of . 10 co.tij, life evcrLftln^. 
pakeoing, the fruits have been I Jkdidi.\!I Bushnell. 

fcft of tliat wifdom from a- ( H:::tfo:d, January 26th, 180 1. 
which '* is firll pure, ihen 

HC, gentle, and caly to be : ^ ; zr 

bedy lull or nv.rcy and gcoJ *- ^ 

, without paniality and with- ■ /^ NE day, as Angelina fat con- 
fpocrify." V-/ vcrfing with her miniH-T, 

le preaching, in thjfe Ltik- 1 wh^had crJied to fp'.-nd an hiif 
ly -has been plain. Miiiillcrs hour i:i ferious difcourfj, with her, 
farelt much on i:x^.erin;<..iiai *iiic cunverfation turned upon ex- 
ID, en ilic grc;.t do6lr:n;3 . i.-jrimcntal rclicrion, i«ud th; powr 
creign .;'a-c ; lucli us rq>en- cr of (jocliiiicfs, as a latisfying 
, &iLli, liic- iicvlTny of iwc \i\j:^\:\Zy o^ the iruih of the gofpel, . 
irthi and other }.l;uw 01 L-ad- to the believer's mind. Font was 
idrines of the f;C'rpLi. They hnown that Ang^jliua had long en- . 
alio equally cnf'o... .d Chrif- :er:&incd ai* humble hojje of her 
lorals as the only villble evi- change of heart, aod had given 
rof a gracious \\au» ; fuch an external evideiiCC of Chrif- 

icwithflanding the great re- tian humility and piwty, in her life 
\ of- religion in the new-fet- > and convcrfation, as gained the ap- 
^M| fi)r two years pall, a ! probation of all her acc^viaiwusvc^. 
ilut of the wilderncJi«V£D;:in Thcfubjc£t> theictoiC) ni^'^^^^^^ 
ox. Urn No, J. O 





; u)d vajiintcr.dedtoleid 
ipanikl difcsviTy »f the 
I of h^T CM'n niiid, whliih^ accor.:,-2!v rcUtcd. In fub- 
iLnce, i< follows,-" For a loag 
'umo, iLidll^!.-. I was Lin-I'^r Jlri- 

* ocs impri.l:iuns c'' inirid, ar.d i 

* deep concciii to: '.ht llilvitinn oi" 
' myfuul. 1 fccined to be ?.!cne, 
' in my dillrds. I cunfiilcttd my- 

• Jtlf toU ltni;ubr. All ihc world 

• artjurd me iipptart J lo ^x llupiJ ; 
' tlicwiTcand thL'tboiilIivirgin!i hiid 
' alik.'fjlk'n jl1ecp,nnd iticcmp,iny, 
' ex[ierimen:ul religicr. v\.s rar;[y 

: the 

it' I often 

l":.(! rr.y!ilf, 

c?.r! tliere be any thi 

g in exptrl- 

n-walrdigbn? Cd 

, U.. J.:.--: 

God of Eiitur., \\::: 


en and cl-:.'. 

:U.-.d lo Ml 

the fouliLf^r.y aC -. 

i. linl-ul c!.;!- 

dren of n.-.,, -liil; hcvL': 

dJcovc.ies cf bi5 in 

-ffjble (Liacc 

and alorv, a is fotntiimes uit- 

had, and f&w thrreslnec 
rrgcncrsiion. This led 
fzsrch tliv frriptum, on ' 
joct, with great attcDtioni 
lead other rc<ij;lou9 books. 
z.T.± ifiiltdTtd andtry:tijj to 
myfclf bciorcGodilbrmyl 
nc:ii!yaycar. SometiiDesm 
ireiru'd, then, ajjain, mor 
quil ; and then I would I 
was regenerated. Then, 
I brought to fee, I hai 
nil refting placi:. In thit 
manniT I lived till the late 
which v.Hs fi> wOTiderful a 
rtcus thuiit itrewedall I 
n^r c<mv::;icns afVefli ; 
:'bc.vco:htrs, 1 now felt 
aiiniudi b-Jiind iraii}-, in 
1.1,". S(i that I now w 
l.cTtd to think I was r 
dillrefied, under a feeling 




flOJByibvIy ivhii peculiar power 

* aad glarjTy that I might no longer 
' dcmbt my experience of his glo- 
< lions grace. One night, after 

* bifiiig been to a religious meeting, 
'at which I was much afle^ed, 
'mhthe truths deli rered, while 

Ifatprvrer I cannot but hope my 
'Rqoeft was granted. I Teemed 
't> hare an unufual fplrit and frec- 

* don in prayer. I fcemcd to rife 

'aboTethe world and all its vani- 

'den and all the energies of my 

' Ui were unitedly drawn out in 

^fenentiiipplication to God, 

'le would (how me hir. ^lory and , 

'gnat me his fJvation." " Or 

•cfcr I w^as a\vr.rc, my foul maile 

.*aK like the chariots of Ammlna- 

^4di. Return, return, O Shu- 

*Iaaitef return, return, that we 

^■ay look upon thee." "In a 

^ttomeat my foul was filled witli 

f WMterablc joy and pjory ; and 

'God and the Lord Jefus were 

'Iro't nigh unto my fo::!. I then 

*«Bed that the Lord wa<^ gracious. 

* Ifek the ali-fubduing pov/cr of his 

* pace* melting ail the powers of 
'ayioal, at his f^ct, ir.t:> ;i mp- 
'tveof holy love, grj^ltiiJ:, joy 

* ad praifc. It fcemed IiL(: hcav- 
'O begun upon car.h ; und for 

'oDoe. i fch completely luj'py, in 
' die enjoy mcnt of God . C od and 
*Chnft, hiaven aixl hell, andfal- 
' tauon by grace '.vip: n'^'.v h"«rt- 
' fek realities. It k-cmcd to mc, 

* at the time, that, if ii had bc"n 
'By proper pro.\, I coiild havj 
'gne out, and convinced a\\ the 
'afidels and feoffors :it rci;r^ion, in 
•'die world, of their fjiiy and 
^BadDcfsy and of the reality of 
' txpenmcnt<il religion. Every 

• thing was re.if. Tn<. Vrtil i>ctv/ccn 
'ihis and ihc hcivjniy ftatc fccm- 
'cddiawn up an':\ invifiol-i tMngs 
' were no longer hid ler.. I felt ;i 
'villiognen to folio v, wliercvcr 
^l(od in his pruvideace ihould 

' lead the v.-ay. Since that time I 

< have had feveral times of fwcct 
^ rcfrcfhing firom the Lord ; and 

* tho' I often have had reafon to Ja- 
' ment my coldnefs and wantof zeai 

* in religion ; yet, I ncverhave had 

< thofe anxieties and fears of being 

* deceived in my hope, which I 

* had before." Well, then, re- 
plied the clergyman, after hearing 
her our, you conddcr the gofpel its 
own vitncfs, do you not, AngeK- 
na ? — Or, in other words, you be- 
lieve there is fuch a thing as a per- 
fon's having fuch a change of heart, 
and fuch an inward coi\vi<rtion of 
th'j truth of the fcripturcs by the 
rcncwinirand fan&ifying influences 
of the holy fpirit, as to be fully 
fitisficdof their truth, without any 
other evidence than what flows from 
the dodrines themfolvcs, thus ap* 
plied by the power of the Holy 
Ghoft ?— ** I have tho't fo," an- 
fv/ercd Angilina ; ** and I ftill 

* think (o, I know, I am weak 

* in ftrcngth. I feel liable to fall 

* into t'jnirt.itions p.rd f-n, snd I 

* am iiihamcd of iTiyfelr', to think I 

* live IV) n.oro to the t^loj y of 0( u ; 
'ortl'.AT I fi:)rM :o (.'tier* ilrcad 

* the roT-roaclics of the work', in 

* the -.vy of duty. But yet, it 

* fcoms tn nic. th:it whatever infi- 

* dvjl-? m.iv l.*v or do, (or, 

* ever m;iv be the t.nnduv.H of thofe 
' f I a !i V-;' "o p. n . 1 h e i re • «; , who o hoc 

* f.iit.:, v.'C wl'I Icrvc Uic Lord, bjt 

* r.o'.v fiTVi' h.iTi no lj';^;er,) nocn- 

* i*:r v.'iii X'W'.kii me leici^t the Lord 

* Jclus, nor doubt iIj;: reality of 

* ihc divine p'^'ver of the Iloly 

* Ghoft in tU-L fi.inei''s rcgjp.erj- 

* lion." — Miiy notChriftians then, 
rr»'?cd the clcrj:yman, humbly a- 
dopt the langu.L7.» of the great A- 
poiHo i\K the Gontilcs, " I am not 
alh.ini'wd ; for I know whom I 
h.i.L- beii'2vc.i, and uni pcifu.idod 
thut he is able to keep that which 
I have coxainaud)uiX!dVani^^\vc^ 

AJmettkitia Jrtm tU Duth-BtJ. 

d»tday" ^— Doubt Ids, it wuthis 

internal cridenee of expmmcntal 
religion, arifing from the reoew- 
ing, the finflifyin;^, the rtreogth- 
eciog Jtid the comlorting power of 
the Holy Ghoft, which enabled 
fo mwiy of the primitive ChrittiaDS 
to fay, " O death \ Where is thy 
ftiog" ? Even when begirt with 
itrj fagots, or tome to pieceit limb 
by limb, in the flow [nios of the 
tornaing wheel. 


Admoniliotis from the Dtath^ti. 

(CoDtiDned from p. 70. 


Mus'rs Editors, 

OBSERVING that you poS- 
liihsd my firft number, I lend 
you another piece which, if you 
think it worthy of publication, you 
will pleafc to iofen iti your ulefiil 


myfelf to be near the world d 
Spirit]. I think that I can 
commit myfelf into the hand tA 
God. I am fure that it is my 
duty thus to do ; and that it a 
iht only way to find true pean 
and happioefs, in life, and in the 
hour of death. I nerer did any 
ibirg to recommend myfelf td 
God : I have been ao unprofitar 
ble ferrant. All my hope M 
built upon ihi fovfre'tgn msrty id 
Get!. The divine fovcreignty U 
not mere arbitrary plcalurc ] 
there if nothing like tyranny Id it J 
It is bolj fovereignty — it it «d^ 
fovereigniy — it ingoid famviffii 
ty. I do not find tlie rapmram 
joy in religion which fome appca 
to polT'fs. when they apprehend 
theiiir:'Ive5 tr) bs on the faordetl 
of the eternal world; but I fiad 
tiu-^ pcdcc and folid enjoyincfl 
ia the gloiioatdoflriue of the iS 


jfJmonitions from tie Dtatb-StJ. 


tii ^nto bt the propitiation for our 
Jmt, We love bim^ hecaufe he jirfi 
i mt e d uu \ John ii'. io» 19. 

" The atonement which thrift 
Inch Bude doth not change the 
hearts of (isntrs. They will con- 
tiane enemies 10 God* if he doth 
Bcn (ubdue tliem by the efficacious 
inflecnccsot his holy fpirit. When 
he doth thisy he afteth from the 
Ikmc g^acral motives as he did in 
proridiDg a ranfom for a rebellious 
rtce. Chriftian experience har- 
Bonizes wich Chriftian dodrine. 
True believers, amidfl all their 
doc^'inal miflakcs, will acknowl- 
that they never (hould h<ivc 
I brought intoChrifi's kingdom, 
jir have remained in it, had not 
Gody in fovcrci;;ri m'^rcy, renew- 
ed them in tlic fjjirit cf tiicir minds, 
«id kept them by his almighty 

" The prjfent fiibjcif^ furnifiics 
a rale of trial fur all who profcfs 
10 be ChriUians. Do you believe 
J^aSL God fhowcd mercy to you, 
lor reafons taken from ycur minds 
or from his cv. n ? Dj you b:i.cvj 
tlut you (irii Hacd yo'j'r{:l7i.'<; for a 
place in ChrilV.i fanvly, ;.jid that 
1^ this fi'.r.eisycij irovcd God to 
Goni2 t.i yOur Alaiiai^cs ? Or ure 
jouccrjv.r.c.'.l tli^t he firfc '■.^awi 
.by the ctnccicioi^s influences of Lis 

and ^ifdom^ and^rength^ anJhon* 
orf and glory f and lltjj^ngj^ 

The inflancecbovc recited Hiows 
how great fupport is derived in the 
hour of dcaih, from a fubmifEve 
truft in the wife and holy fovtrcign- 
ty of God. Tilt peace and con- 
folation of a dying Chriflian fhi- 
kingly evince that true religion i.? 
a thing real in the heart ; alfothat 
if is given by a fpecial communica* 
tion from God himfelf. As there 
is a great divcrlity in the lives, (b 
there ai^^>ears to be in the deaths 
ot thole for whom we liave a char- 
itriblc hope, that they are the friends 
ot Chrifl. In diis matter, God 
condLfc? as a fovcr'^g!^. He may 
havp wife rcafons fiT denying fpe- 
c'p! Supports a^M c^jmrnunicaiions 
of his love to fomc whom he hath 
forgiven : andfLn^ong thefc reafons 
cne may be, the honor of religion. 
Ciiriflians of.c:n deviate publicly 
tVom the ch:irjrcr (;f pifity, meek- 
nefs, hurr.iii'y ;vnd condcfccnfiony 
which tlicyougl'.*. to fupport. They 
may hiivc fins which eafily bcfct 
tlirm, agaiiid H'hitli they do not 
wat'.h and ;•:.•// as they ought ; 
and by v.Iiic;'j they give the en- 
eny occ?.r»n lo fcandallze a rcli-^ 
giou.^piof.uion. In fuch cafes, I 
think we have little rcafon to ex- 

1 f ^i thufc ccm::>iinications of light 
f^ric, and inclined you to fubmit j a:id p-.ace, which are ntceflary for 
to his holy will ? When d^th is a trir<mphar.t d 

bcought near to you, do you foci 
that you can plead with God fur 
accepcancc, en accor.nt of your 
£uthfulnefs in imprcvi^r, the mtans 
. of grace ? Or do you feeltiiat you 
mait plead fjrfavor folc^ly on the 
.ground of his holy,'j, and good 
lovereigr.ty, as difplaycd in the 
goTpel ? 

" The Lord traincthv.p l.iipco- 

^e for heaven, in a w ly wijch 

.prepares them to fay *-jfltb a hud 

^- Vffrfy fVcrihy is the I^ainh that wjs 

l^ jCfra to receive pcu-'cr, ami r''Chfs^ 

I will dcfcribean indancc which 
fell under myown obfervation. It 
was a man who appeared to be con- 
flitiitinnally cxpofcd to rafti. anger. 
In his youth he became ferious and 
made a profclEon cf idigion ; and, 
until his death, which happened 
about the age of fixty, except in 
the fauh which hath btcn mention- 
ed, lived in a niu»l exemplary man- 
ner. His heart generally appear- 
ed warm with a luvc of Gc:d, the 
truth, ;4iiJ the fouls of men ; he 
was a I'tead']/ uXi^i ;iSL&!\oTv>x.^ •:iV 

ASm^tkmf frtm lire Dmlh-Bt^. 

Kadant on ih' public .ir.d prirjw 
dutici of rdigioat */orJhtf \ tnd 
to hh moft intimtiK, pioui ic- 
ijuainLance gate cooifonablc eri- 
dtac. of a gracious Itncerii]'. Sut 
hy ihf fio Worcmcntionedi he 
was often left lodiftioacr his Chrif- 
tUn prafefEo^. in tb« couHV of 
hii life. The decline which en 

ded i 

: lot 

. and 

Throagh the whole of hi) ii^l:ncfi 
be was corcrc.l with ths dtcpeft 
Uarltnefa concerning his ow! per- 
fonal cooditioB. Hit icaAfi was 
diere my etidtnce 
of hypocosdriac TvcUncholy. Hb 
former piou^ companions fpcnc 
riuch lint with hiti io conrsrfa- 
liwi and prayer, ivithoat any effcft 
his darkaefs. He 3p- 
{■lAred la hifc clcsr coaeeptlonE 
of th; nature of rcllgion,but could 
fcdroniof ill power. He faid 
there wij no rifing of his hc;in a- 
:ainfi Gc^ and the 

of a foTCrdgn difpcnfitioni w 
rnny conjcflure ii wm duneto b««r 
witncTi agiinft a (in by which he 
had often diflionored a ChfiiliM 

pr.ifcfHLin, and tempted fiafiil mes 
to d.-iiiht the ri;siity of a meek 
anit lowly ehariflfr as Wong!n|* 

(0 riw difcipicB of*a.ria. a»rif- 

tiam liave no riglit tf expert ifcat 
God will bear a witaelk for tbeni 
in d^ath. nnlcfs ihty haire wiuef- 
IH fat him by fuch a life a* the 
gofpel rcquircih. Men (nay, by 
natorai conCHcutien, or by a con- 
iraded habit ; or by icmpuiiiou 
aridng from a particular fituancu 
and cmployntsnt, be more cxp»- 
fed to fome fins than to othm ( 
mil this is no julijfication. Chrit 
tians ftiaiild ne»er fay. this (r b- 
Bother fin is unconquerable, Aril 
is not truth. The mift f>owwM 
fins may be i.-(illtd by the grace af. 
God, will hwt ought continaallf 
- feek, of crery kind i 


Litter to an aieahtn-J Smnrr. 

Mik'hs Editcrs. 

GoJ." Ylj nmfl icki;owlciij- 

IF ycni have nuihmj. ai liind 

this lo be ihL Kft linif . Wiil vou 

which you judge will be mcic ijfe- 

ever he fo free 1\m\ care i.nJ 

fhl, p!«fc to infcrt ih.: tuHcwiiij ia 

worlifty cDDcernj, u al iirefciit : 

yofli aiajarir.c- 

\V,;;you«otra0..r, wy.usrmv 

olil-r, grov," likfvift old-.r In iri- 
(juiiy, aiiJ i.-..-itjl': the I'.an^ir (,:' 
liii.i ii.T.!ltii-r. ? Su:t:ly yoa r.cvir 
v.-i!!bi:b^i:iT;,'L;!eto benrthe jicii.;, 

faint bJ a vs^ukJuI ijujtitrzi. 


of a wcundfd CLmfcienee tb^n .,; 

A S th: -.hires of which I now 

prcfcnt. Do not, bi;<;^ufe yc- 

havL- been a long tia-.e under ccn- 

vjoa, no Icli ih.i n ;ibou-. the loncL T n s 
of your inm.or;.l f^d, j«:rm:t mc 

viftion, and Kr.ix- received uo ccrr.- 

for., defpair t-f r.ccivlng 

» write freely thofe tniilis which 

from Cod. Pimjit rie to \;\: 

yon maft fiwl, ti-rbrc you car tx- 

you plainly, i: is you wln> »i-'^ \:w 

peA » rccwvt Ac facfiL'Vion ii.Su- 

wiliin;; to cone i lb tUiit if V(. • 

escn or God's holy iV'i it. Vou 

6r.i]!v rerifli, i: vil! ht v.hilc Jl- 

ihfenn me, in jc..;r kiu-r, tint 

lys'f, « \Vhor-.,ver \/i:: ir..,? 

yoa are rciJy fo:i:-;t:n:c'. :o t!i.f; -.rr 

;r.r-.-l-ufthi;v.:.:i.r i.:";;r^ fvcdy.' 

of God's ..vcr chAugins y..i:r 

But lIic d<:cUr..tion •>!' Gud t'. 

beut, or«f bringing vi>iiiior.!t to 

ycLth is :i;il r:(;:c tr.couig'r- 

Kanfelf; ii-^t are lej :o 

•' I b-.-ctlKiu Hut Iwc nK-a;.. 

dnk you u-erc m^de fur tl.c ]jt:r- 

Ibcfe th^tf.uV me e.vrly /-.:.'; f-r-.r 

pofe ofb-JBj. mircr^ible Il.r.vtr. 

nic." can be mere ^.- 

Soeh thoBgl;;* ate ni-Iy il-iltei^ni;. 

itiily adjj'U^lio veu. Ar.a i\il: 

nd ore Tucli Ls y::^ ou]<!<.: not lo 

\ou d<.i:bt ihtf w.,.'.:; of Gcd hi:;;- 

mMff. You hiive bdecd bn'^i a 


long time in ililtref:; £::d ar.r-liii ; 

tboJL- i.iiii;t'- '..!.ti iii!ix' i' . 

foii bate fc;:ii r.v..r.i othiri i^ctiv- 

I,:.-.. K»;,li.^tvou ^'.^ U.L :!.. 

■•eomfori, .ir.J vl.t.;;< j hq.e 

( |H.Ti;.ti v.'.,.k- u/c.-^mr 

Ibat t^.t7 «r^ l.n.„Eh-. fj-r-. J.;-:h 


imtolitj. Uut iV!..-th-r,a;w.;li: 

iL.. OMKtrf.ltir^ii.-.h.Ti.toi- 

iivJn a I.,t,,; v.r.^ in :ir' .-;:i, ..' 

difcourn^i. J in .i^thiiig oi' fo w.i . t 

ii^^it to .lilNriir ; b,. I:r.s :.-. :-,•_.-, 

Impomncens -.he \stlfaft oi V..;r 

r.npcirei f..i :!n.iii, um! j/m-ti tltin 

Smraoital foul. I'errcvcre i-ii:u the 

;.iK't!i-,ri:,-.;rt !i;irha;jo; :,r..!;-!.a-. 

tcA. CosfiJiv God ki; a rijht 

in l-jli-viiig vhi.-d ih^.- v..>;!a e..-. 

» do his ;.l;.i(--rL- viiii hii oi>n. 

neither gi^enar u:!;e a^-;.. V;,. 

Uld it \i \y.{\ for Ll;^.-. fc. to Jo. 

ihoulJiHitriilT^i'rKt ieee;vii>;;!!icr 

Heiw.<.w'tiAi:,yy,u. ;.. ki you 

cy frori GoiS i'- r m my «l!'J I.-' 


libcxii und-.r ihi; :aii^.. i;:"a it,-::. 

of h]\i]i^ ^.(1 :.'!.^ti:'l i:- CI;:;;: ; 

ded ■:,-)ci.-Mr^i-:v:, -'ir- -h ti;. 

but aie L'XiitiJ •jr.\<: i,y fc.r ni' 

d:\i:-. ft.i-.:-ir-..-.v, i :■ I-i.-.C-il •.'. 

pDnilhmcTit. t\.r.rj?r, funliLf,'.f- Suvii ;.-,:. ,:.,.,v .rj .:f 

AatprohaMy il.- is tli.: bi-l( i^mc 

nDif';:.nstv.:-. ti.>., ^r.:l;. U- ii:;:; 


4'Jt e 

(reit work, which ,i ;i Lc d-.ii:e, 
or you Biurt peiiih luitv.v, — L'hriil \ 
&yl " Except a li.iix \y: bom n- | 
^ia he canno: fee the JudjJ^si jf ' 

but an; lejordtrd in li.-; I'lry— -';j 

^ Lit! 


^ CclUs^. 


ei&D why you fhcii:ld not <iclp«r, 

> that you will iticur tJ-ie tlifpInT' 
;ie of God I and livcaur<; you 
fill bu io great danger a( being a 
134! irapeaiieni- Tba: God is dif- 
.leafsd with thofc who laro buck is 
Lbundantl^ Liuglu t~om the fcrvp- 
ure», but more [,*iilciiUrly fiom 
tlcbrcn-s s. 58. " If any msn 

w back, my (i-A Siall luve no 
ileiJure in him." And I'r.jin Lake 
■I. " No man having pnt hi» 
to the plough, and looking 
lack isfilfotihekinj^du'.norifcd." 
The danger you will be in ofbeiog 
. linal inipeahent is tcry greu. 
ThisprobaUy isBot the firfl time 

'lave been concerned for the 

velfjre of your foul. Every time 

(hake of the \A^ti of future 

^i.,:[ii^l things, v>>u become 

e hardened, ^id l.f; Lktiy to 

rtMkcnedagjin. Do nonhi-'fc- 

ami;iblc jicifun. and we pa^ed the 
yean of childhood and youth to- 
gether, bt was a brother pcculiarijr 
dear to me. As the nauiraj con* 
ftqaeoce of this, you, bis only Iva 
and beating his name, have a Ipe- 
cial (hare in my aifciSionate regard. "' 
I trult you wi'I, therefore, not 
lliink it flrsngc, nor coniidrr me 
u a^ing an orer-oflicioui pan, if 
laddreft yju with frcedotn, and ' 
make anefFort to Icrve you, b the 
only wiy in which I am at prCfent 
able to attempt it. -i 

The only intelligence Ihare Iiad 
of you in a number of years, ^m ^ 

coicmunicatcdbyMt, He 

informed tiie, ihst you had enter- 
ed a member of Yale ColieBB.^ ~' 
Hence, I confider yuu in a Orua- ■ 
tion, which, Co a yoUog mm of '' 
vour age, and in your circumftin- < 

, preftnrs great good to bcob- ' 


IVBiilf line of condudl — of rcve- 
RBCiDg the name, the word and 
ifacworfhip of God, and in {horti 
of earij piety and true religion. 
I Tliereforc, as your father was long 
1 fince taken way* permit me in his 
I ftadf with the affeflionate tender- 
Be& and concern of a father for his 
£», to entreat and befeech you, to 
remeniber and habitually bear in 
nindj that the exigence begnn in 
thbwodd is to continue forcer, 
and that dnnng the fliort period of 
yovprefent Iifey your charader 

1 will be fbnned for eternity, and a 
ibandadoD laid for endlcfs glory 
ircMOe& mifery — that the eye of 
God is continually upon you and 
•odiing can be hid from him— ^at 
m order to efcape everlafting de- 
flmOion and be happy hereaiter, 

Smuft be born of God, and 
d by grace, through faith in 
Chii8— that the holy fcriptures, 
koyer er lightly efteemed and def- 
|ifed by many, are indeed the word 
of the living God, and contain 
the only true and perfe^ rule of ! 
hink and pradice. Be pcrfuaded, 
therefore, to read them widi at- 
leiiOD <o attend, with conicien- 
QOBs dillig^nce, the facred infti- 
Hbons dierein contained and in- 
Cilcated— to refrain from every 

ItUag which appears to be contrary 
10 the will of God rcrealed in his 
voni, and to ftudy to conform in 
dl nfyt&s to his revealed will, and 
to let no day pafs without pr ayer 
adthankfgiving to God. Be pcr- 
fiuided likewifc, to be particularly 
cvefid, th«it you do not cunfent to 
die enticements of finntrs, or af- 
fadate with tlic viciou: and pro- 
faoe ; but choofc the vir'.uous, the 
vdl behaved and pious foi your 
companions, rciujmboririg diat 
" be who walkcth wich wife men 
fall be wife ; but a companion of 
faoh fluU be deiiroycd." 
JLet me entreat you alfo> to be^ 

Miffionary Socufy pf ConneBicui. 


purticularly cautious againft the 
too frequent pradtice of difregard- 
ing and defpifing inftru^ors and 
governors, and treating their in- 
(Iruftions and couniels, rcjcoofs 
and audiority with ncglcftand con- 
tempt ; and on the oontrary, to 
refpeft and efteem them, and to 
endeavor to po/Tefs their good will 
and efteem by a uniformly Ready, 
orderly and dutiful, unafTuming and 
modeft carriage and behaviour-^ 
to exercife diligence and Jifcretion 
in the profecution of your ftudies, 
taking advice and direction from 
your teachers, and fuch as, thro' 
age and experience, are likely to 
be in that way ferviceabic to yon. 
And whilft you labor to make pro- 
ficiency in the knowledge of arts 
and iciences, and the various 
branches of polite or ufefiil litera- 
ture, rememler^ that the wi/dom 
which is /rwn above^ iirvolving the 
fear of the Lord, is highly necd^ 
iary to fit you for ading in a man- 
ner moft honorable and afeflil to 
rrfelf and to others, in any pub- 
bufinefs or (ladon, calling or 
profeifion, and abfolutely efTentiai 
to your future everlafting felicity. 

I know not with what ientiments 
and feelings you may be likely to 
receive this letter, which an earned 
defirc for your bed good has indu- 
ced me to write ; tho' on account 
of extreme low health, it has been 
not a little labor and wearincfs to 
me. But if you (hould take h 
in good part, and it fhould, thro' 
the blefTing of God, prove the oc- 
cafion or means of any real benefit 
to you, I (hail thick myfclf moft 
amply recompenfed. 

An Addrcfs from the Trufteej of 
the Miffionary Society of Con^ 
nr3icut, tu the Inhabitants of the 
Ni-w-Scttlementjf in the northern 
and fVffiern parts of the United 


Vol. IL No. 


I CbrifiiaH Friciidi and Srrlhrrn. 

THE deep imprelGoDi which 
_ ihe eniirol/ defttiute condi- 

irious of the New-S<;ule- 
o the States uf New-York 
land V'ermoni, with tcfjicA to the 
Iprcaching of the gufpcl, the ad- 
of the ordinanceSi 
l^nd the enjayment of the meaiii 
lof gi^cc in general made upon the 
Iminds oF the minilleis and j>o«d 
people of this (Ute, with t conftd- 
n of tbeir mobility, in their 
linfancy, to fupport thole inc^oSi 
licduccd them, tame years Cmzt, to 
■vife and efFcft meafuKs for 
|the afliltance of ihofc Ictdenient*. 
w ihAi you and your 
Idear children might, with us and 
lours, eojoy the blefling; of thegoi- 
1^1, U<E general coniributions have 
■been ttmJc ihroiigh the (la*e, aiid 
mfidemblc niiinbcrof milHona- 
:en anrmjlly caiployed 
jching the gofpel, inllrufling 

Miffviniiry Saciely of CMtuSUul. 


the great and geoetal judgmeitt. 
Uoder th^fc fureft pledges of out 
bencrolent concern aod regards for 
you, we perluade ouHelves 6iu 
you will, in a candid and moA ft- 
tious manner receivci the addrtii 
wltich ue now make to yuut aod 
that you will eamcfily and inuoc- 
diatcly xttend to tlie duties whkli 

Know, we befeech yoa. That 
religion is the great concern and 
buliniTsi the digniiy and happi. 
oefs tf man. Wifdom Is l±r^ 
principal thing ; the one thinj 
Dccdlul- Thiieforc get wifdom. 
Seek firll the kingdom of God 
and the righteoiuncfi thereof. 
That you and yotir families may be 
under the bcR advantages for Uui, 
labor, £s fuoii as your i;trcumllan- 
cet will pcllibly admit, to obtain 
the con/iant, icgtilar preaching of 
the word, aodadminifiraEJonof the 
ordinaniTCi among you. Be af- 


M:J;cr.cry Sj:i^iy of Connsi!:cut. 


importaDt nifan of your finftifica- ' f.-r.-I thcrr. full)' u'Jthsriz-d fo iria- 
tion of the fibbathy :ir.d of cr:;rc and jjreac.:i thj ^ofpcl among 
ItBf. up your attention to r.!I other ' yov., tc ca'tch.z- yc-ir chilcrcn, 
Chriftian dutif «. | inflruci your youn«^ people, dSJ.k 

Wewifliyou to fearcli the fcri*)- j in your relwious confonrncis, and 
tares dailvs and tlut the word of | fach as luve 'cin dulvordsineri, 
God may dwell in you richly in :ill i to adminiller th? ordinances to the 
viflom and fpiritual Uiiderfrand- j proper fubjfjcl?, ai there may be 
iog, and that you may rake i: for opportunity, toguher and organ- 
TOur counfellor an dhcT:tr.r:c forever, ize churches, and in general to af- 
file you in all your ipiritual con- 

While thefc words *tvh:chths Lcrd 
ysMT God hath coiiiKr.r.dfc1 you are 
kfgar heart/, according to the di- 

cer ns. We intreat you not to neg- 
Ic(fl the precious opportunity and 

Tine coiumacd. Teach them dili- advantages which yju will have 
fnt^t9your chlldr^f and talk o/* i through their minillrations ; but 
Atm sDhen yov JIf in your h'.ufis^ mod zealoufly and f^itl: fully :m- 
tainuhmyo'd *tviilk ly the *:vy, and prove them. Boafl not of to-m<?r- 
wknyou ire do'ujn, ctud <when you row, but realize ihat the prefcnt 
fife vf,^ Diligently tJachthc cat- time and oppoviunltics arc ihv' only 

echimif morals and good things 
contained in the books which we 
htrt fcDtt or may f.'nd unto you. 
While you hare bcfor j you ^n cc- 

ones you may tv^r enjoy. 

BefiJcs, we wifh to obferve. 
that th^ prefent time> with j^ru, is 
a mofl: important jundure, and that 



cdsr demonftration of our care I the manner in which you now con- 
tad concern for tliom, we bef :ech, ' du£t yourfelvcs will have great and 
nd plead with you for the of , lading influence on the (late of the 
par own bodies, that you v/<.uld New-Scttlomcnts ; on j'ouf own 
not ne|»1eft them, but /.W/jj ;Z.-,/i prtfi-n: aiid future (Lite, and on i hat 

Im ihf nurture end ad/nonitkr, 'f of yjiir defccndunt:. If you will 
Lord. Pray v/lth t-i'jm »ibunJ- maintnii reli;;ion 'v\ your families, 
antlVf rellr.L'^n iI;^^if:oi:i evil j r.-'-- fn'-.i^tfy th'j Chviilii-.n fabbith, fap- 
toJ, and fr-^ni '.he romi.Mr.v (»r 'i<:rt ■.h.- ^ublJc voifhio^ make the 
wil men. Sif. th-r.i .n<>c..i cx.i'n- .'i-iii»P:rcr. .I.c n:le of your faith and 
pies ; govern then v.l-!!, tvii-'vi;' 
Aim fubord:np.ti''T. tj .ill '-v.i.i 

r.r* .:e, :''.; "P-I the r-cc^ duties of 

While v.": ire fcrnJii'i^ '^".it ' 
voomffno-ririL^ r.nDrov^o an i ci- 
t^sncd pir.'Jij: i*;:, ,'.s picjs snd 


ari hnbiti: itc v^ur chil- 


■ ■ ! • ■ ' •■.(-« I 

I- , 1" 1--' •|>r» •!• •".•-■ t«- r.i'l ■•,'\ *ll*> 

l.lrllill•J^, \\:\\ on tiiC <'>'''lc ■ ' 


Uthfii] brethren ^•/!u>, v\'e j-^rfjadj and bj.iiity of your fv*v..i .m :. : -i ui 
* fci^lves Will T'lr-- r::) ij.iiii". to • a ':iv:I temporal viev.-. Thcv 
\ promote V );ir f|»i:itu«l intUijft^, ro ■ v.lll prove ^henio-l pj v.^:i"iii ^uard 
3«kc you rich in l<ii*.h n.ncl good a''.iiiirL all the vices w'.iiv:ii make in- 
U'Orksy and hoirs of the heavenly ; di/iduals, families ai.d ommuni- 
kingdom, wt: ir.trcr.t yo-.i to receive ; vzz in gc::cral diford-vly, i'i;;L.Ti- 
Aem with the rjf^'ji^ and kindnefs i ous and miferable. 'Thj t.ii.ltn- 
dacto tt?c m'niii-rs i.f Chrili, and , cy o^^ a zealjus, faithfUl ;:v;l j;or. 
ififl them in iH their labor: and | fcv:ring attention to tlvrlo ;.Ment 
Utempts for yjur falvation. We j p^iiif: will bo to proni.);c .ill -Iiofe 

j virtues which make a \}co^:L: l\ov»- 

• D-ut. vi. 6, 7. ' orablc and happy. ^x^W.rj^i'itie^. 

Rula a/ Churth gowtntmH, (^e. 

I ttS 

lexdicth a cation. The Ueffiog of 

c Lord is DpoD a lighteoiu pco- 

e, iod it extcndii to iheir pof)er- 

/. He Ihfwcih mercy unto a 

Ithoufind gcDciations of them who 

llovehim and keeji his cotnmanil- 

t. We be fetch you theiefore, 

Iby all OUT C3if and iovc for yoUt 

Ibyaitthefe weighty conlideratiooii 

1^ the commands aodloveofGodi 

■ w Lord Jefus Chrifl, tbu 

lyou would by no meani oeglcA 

lihcfe momentous duties. 

We hare given diroflioD to all 

tur milTionaries to communicate 

I this addrefs to you as an ictroduc- 

.Q their labors among you. 

l£y this you may know that they 

I have been anthorizedandrentby us. 

We peifuade ourfelves, that the 

Ichariubic and gocd peopile among 

tSE#T. I 


Iteeliogs u-ith tcfpe^ 

. fcttjementsi and the 

I " RegtJations adopted by Ike 
I Gencrd Affcmbly of the Preiby. 
j terian Clmrch in America, ui^^ 
I the General AfTocbiion of ^Jio 
I Stale of Connecticut, vitfa a view 
I to prevent alienation, and^romwa 
union and harmony, in thofe ocw 
fettlcments which are compofcd of 
inbabitants from thefc bodies> 
I id. It it llriaiy enjoined on all 
their miffionariei lo the new fettlfr- 
: menu, to endeavour, byallpropct 
' means, lo promote mutual forbaai- 
ance and accommodation, betweeo 
thofe inhabitants of tbe d«w fet- 
1 tlemenu who hold the prcS>yiai- 
I an and thofe who hold the C0Bgre> 
' gitional form of church govesn- 

I 2d. If in the new fentcraems, 
I any church of the confrcgnional 
, otdei Ihall fettle j minifler ttf the 
I prcfbytcrian order, tliNt ckutek 
may, if they choofe, Hill cowlsA | 


^JSatu JUfytm InUttiiince* 


«Cr hait pielbyteriaast mutually 

^f^td oo by tbe panies. 
. i^fikm If any congregation con- 
ift partly of tkofe who hold the 
«Mgrcgadooal form of difciplinc 
4ad paAly of thofe who hold the 
(Ruyterun form ; wc recommend 
t» boih parties, that this be no ob- 
SraSioat to their uniting in one 
^kartb and fettling a minifler ; 
aad that in this caic» the church 
ch^fe a (landing committee from 
4|i communicants of faid church^ 
i^ofe IwliQefs it fliidl be» to call 
«L ifoount every member of the 
^■fch* who fhall conduA himfelf 
jfio^fiftently with the laws of 
ihriftuuutyy and to give Judgment 
•iliicli conduA : and if the per- 
i|t .condemned by tlieir judgment, 
^ mpfefbyteri?.n» he fhall have lib- 
<ltj» to appeal to the Prefbytcry ; 
if a congregational i(t, he fhall have 

. Sbcny to appeal to the body of the 
pik communicants cf tlic church ; 
an ike former cafe the Jctermina- 
tna of the Prefbytery fhall be 
(palt unlefs the church confent to 
n fivther appeal to the Synod or to 
tke General AfTemblv ; and in the 
latter cafc» if the party condcmn- 
Hfi fluU ^'ifh ioi- 3 iriu! by i> mutu- 
al council ihc ciiufj fhall be refer- 
i^^ tofiich council. And provi- 
.4c4 tb<c faiu i landing comr.iiuec of 
any church, ihall depuLc one of 
lliaQ&Ivcs to attend the Prefbytery, 
kennyhavcthc fame right lq fit and 
%EI in the Prefbytery, as a ruling 
eUer of the Prefbytcrian Church, 
f. Paffed ill Aflbciution, 
Nathan Perk ins, Scriic. 


, An explanation is defired of 
. i«nkexfi. 8, 9. 


* Religious Intelligence. 

a/ a LeiUrfrom Rtv, Dr. 

f • 
Hdt^tti ofAlJmfinlkf S^gUuig 

i9 Rev. Dr. Roiigeri of New- 

Tori, dated m May iaS. 

IAM jufl going up to LondoOt 
to meet our brethren in our an- 
nual affembly for Miffionaiy purpo- 
fes,andhave the pleafure of inform- 
ing you, that our work at the Cape 
of Good Hope is very profperous 
and promifing. The £rfl fruits to 
Chriflianity,amongthe Hottentots, 
have written to us their grateful ac- 
knowledgements, for the truth as 
it is in Jefus preached unto them, 
and embraced in the loire .of it by 
them. A large focicty at the Cape, 
of 229 members, vigoroufly pur- 
fue the fame objeds with us, and 
about 2000 heathen are under their 

** From our affiliated fbciety in 
Friefland, we have received the 
moft cordial co-operation, and fev- 
eral German brethren have been 
propofed to us and accepted by us. 
Three of them are immediately to 
be added as a reinforcement to the 
Cape miillon. 

" Among oiirfelves the work 
continues to fprcr.d greatly ; the 
fheet anclior of jjope for our coun- 
try. I look nxre to the Gofpc! 
for our deliverance and prefervation 
from the djvourii.g fcourge, than to 
our vidtcries in the Baltic, £gypt» 
or elfewheic." 

AJlort extras from the journal of 
a MUJionary in the new Jcttk" 

«* TuefdayFebruaryloth,i8oi, 
I rode about ten miles and preach- 
ed at Mr. R 's, from Daniel 

v. 23. " And the God in whofe 
" hand thy breath is, and whofe 
'* are all thy ways, haft thou not 
" glorified." There are but four 
families in this fettlement. I 
preached here about the beginning 
of Ult Scptem\5tT> u \}cve W^tv. 




! then at alofs 

;nj tht fUneral, 
leing 1 ? miles off wUcn fint lo j 
now I irn glad tlu; I a.ttcndcd. 
:lierc God ftat m; hsre then 
now too. To-diy, after fcr- 
; wai OTCT, I dlfcourfed with 
worn;.!, who. liTic: tiie time 
efrrrtd to, haTCobwined a hope 
r» iitweft in Chti:f. They 
^^ I to uik wcil. I hope the 
-ord haibicn doing fj:nething for 
hem. They w;rv exrecding gl^d 
flheopjHirtunitvor hearing a fer- 
aon. Why may wc not fay ihtie 
:9 been an awakcnin* in tliii fc;- 
lemeot ? Out of four ramiliei, 
crfoti) luie received a hope. 
'..■:x there be u £rut i proportion 
n a large fettlement, and we (hould 
a remirkiWe work of G<id. 
J an enco^ir^geni'^nt to Mif- 

inJ a^^ilorbaaiii." 

Itfs I (hould go, la the moalh of 
September, to the Shawney irihe 
of Indian!. George Blucj^ftcu 
Ion of tlic great Shawncy chief, h 
Tiiich engaged that 1 ftonld go 
»itli him to his people ; tJ)e gen- 
tleman with whom he ii at fchool, 
and the Prefbytery are alfo urgent 
that 1 (hould go. Thcrcafonsarc. 
he is to all appcjtano.' i fubj^a of 
powerful roartaions.andfiomfome 
views h^ ha^ sbout religion, and 
exercifei in it, it ii hoped foineiiaiea 
that he has fau:id the pearl of great 
price. He vnnjf fome one to go 
with hitu, »n<i help him to tell &m 
people about religion, and lee if -' 
they will "Lit be willing to hxn 
fome Miiiionaric! com? among them 
and teach ihcm religion and bow 
K live. His obj^A is now oolf to 
make i vifii of aboat two -veddto 
hii people and ilien return to . 
hi; fchocl. I Ihould be gUd to 


Mt^Mnariet. ■ Poetry. 



** The young men (aw me, and them* 
felves withdrew ; 
The Rev. Job Swift litcly re- The aged rofc.andrcndcr'dhoma^ due; 
tamed from a miiEcn of a few The princes paus'd, and not a whifper 

weeks to the North- Wcftern parts ^^P^ 

of Vermont- I So ftnaulUcDce, from rcfpeft, they kept; 

nu^ n^ n 'J EI- ' ^n \ Tue nobles, full of rev rcnce, censd to 

to enter oo a miffioo, the beginning I n© murmur from their lips was heard 
of tins month, to the wtlUrncoun- j to break. 

of New- York. 




CoywBCTiGUT Evangelical Maq- 


WOULD the following verfion of 
Ac 29th chapter of Job be thought 
wcby of a place in the next number 
rf yw Hfefnl publication, it will much 
me of your rc<iders. If the at- 
ot a (Ingle perl'on can be drawn 
!• the beauty, and iablimely poetical 
Wne of the original, by this fmail ef- 
MCi T fliall be conviiiccd that it was 
in vain. 

C. Y. A. 


iREOVER Job continued his 
moumf ul llrains his former glory 

Oh that I were again, ;:$ once I wai, 
Oodftood forth to plead my ri;^h> 
XMM caufc ; 
light divine my cvVy way oVr- 

ftrange effulgence fhone around 

my head ! 

Oh might I be, as in my younger 

myftcrics fublime difpcli'd my 
iiear» ; 

the Almighty vilittd uiy houfe, 
Udl witii chUdrsir. fweet, mvniai- 
ringe vows ; 

•ry,?;<*odof life I largely ilor'd, 
fta4'ftrram» of * (cikI u:.«i ^ludncfa' 
roKid weie ponr'd ; 
.1 with pomp jirooceucu through 

The ear was glad whene'er, it l^eard 

my voice, 

The eye v.'hich faw mchailen'dto rejoice^ 
Beotule a patron of the poor I flood. 
And gave the fatherlefsto taftc my focd ; 
Bccanfc to him o'er whom woes feem'd 

to bend, 
I always introduced myfclf a friend. 
The thanks of him in danger 1 recciv'd. 
And nll'd with joy the widow fortly 


** In r>htcoufncfi array*d, alight I 

With judgn:cnt ihowing what was juft 

and good. 
Through me the blind their lofs cf fight 

Through me the lame, that lameiuf; 

was their let : 
I rais*d the fallen, I fearch'd the un- 
known caufc, 
And brought oppreiCon down by whole- 

fome (a>^s ; 
The jaw3 of the pit)r<;nc I Li)ld!y broke. 
And from ihcir f^-ficnM gripe the booty 


«* Tw-b then I forJIy hop'd ir.y life 

would be 
Replete with ycais, ar.d bright jrrvl- 

In great maj'nificence, tiidpcmp, I flood, 
Likefomc tall tree the glor\' of the wooC , 
With moidure fweet ai:d pure my rowis 

were fiU'd, 
Ar.d dews cmbrofial on my top diii'll'd ; 
Mylelf ill Vigour and in ftrtngth I 

view'd J 
My might in a bow 1 felt ren;w*d. 

'* When I began to fpeak they all 

^ave ear, 
Andmy'd *.Mlling]ytohe3ri 
Wlien I h<id fi;iHh*d,r.ought they wiih'd 

to Ir.y, 
For CO tiic heart ii.y fuccchesmude their 

M m'tfaemidft pr-rrai'J ni' I«^fiv uat 

I '• Jufl 15, in times cf drought, the 
drjocii-.g jjrain, 



Aad ibirily fifldi, md wiihVing pifi 

Sat when iomt inutful Diowa on ihcm 

Tbej n'dt: tbcir beiilt ; their Iinic of 

mouniiiic cndi. 
SeaUtheccowfiiiif I'entimcitisberaagTit, 
And >i the Utter svn ituii'i eub 

iVu t bituliai, ihcy Au'i not adviocc. 
Not t'a prctuco'd t" ibiQi my coub- 

t led their wiy. I fat u chief, u ]u> 

Or thofe who 10 tl 

Ii a defiret! that fome ing^eniovt per- 
ron would |)iiiiapbrafc the funccditig 
chapter, u it forms i vtiy Anking coo- 

II xiih ihli. 

" In f^-iarfi nlt"- 

Amidst difippoiati 

>T In ticholaighi 
nil, cocvulfioQ^ 

£■ A fight of thy juKet, combined with 

(kj grace 
A fighi of (hy km u fourtny'd aa the 

ff-U lit the impreffianaof faircw e0ic« 
And work a tru; fain, from (be hcar- 

ieft lofi. 
7. Great Sovcitign of oU, we«K £Uod 
Till from the iUJI fp' "< I**" tkjr 
There holiiKft, witdtini and | 


And none but tha prwDi, aa nUbM 
I reGiin. 

S. AllDi'dby thiriiune.thenia tlltcrH 

Eternal coneemmeot), with ihe« I will 


Wliile faith a an sactior the (lana» a 

Connefticut Evangelical Magazine, 

yoL. 11.] 

OCTOBER, 1801. 


EmJaue of Human Dtpramtj. 

HISTORY and obfervation 
atfbrd abundaat evidence of 
ibc truth of [he fcripture account 
<f the depravity of human nature. 
Aeyarcan uncxceptioaable com- 
Aott on the facred text. God 
kai pleafcd, in the progrefs ofdme, 
6'pbce men in a great variety of 
AiuiioDi, calculated, in various 
it^ffttx, ta bring out to view their 
me dunfter ; and he will con- 
tone CO vary thofc fiLuations, in 
fiOBre, until it is as fully difclofed 
a dK nature of the divine govetn- 
aeoE requires. Thus, not only 
■dindiuli, for the period oftheir 
lina, but the whole race as fuch, 
fioni the fall to Chrid's fecond 
a llatc of proba- 

the race of man itfelf would be 
extern) iDated, and no opportunity 
would remain for the dilpenfationa 
of divine mercy. Hence the d^ 
cellity of great and powerful rc- 
firaims on the luds and paiSons of 
men. In providing thoe, at dif- 
ferent times, and in degri:es fuiled 
to the courfe of events fixed in the 
divine couofijU, the power, wiT* 
dom and gondnefs of God arc 
wonderfully difplayed. In view- 
ing the charafler of man, howev- 
er, under the operation of facfa 
rcftraiiits wc are apt to form coo- 
clufior.a too much in his fiivor i 
for by means of ihem, no doubt, 
much wickednefsis prevented, and 
a fembUnce of goodncfs is oftea 
exhibited ; flill, as th^y produce 
J. arc m a Itatc ot proba- tbcir cffcfl by laying a furce upon, 
Dunog Ais penod ti.e heart ^ ^ ^^ ^ \^J^4^^ Ac incll-.a- 
rfjunwJlbefuily proved, and ^^^ ^f \^ heart, they ou^ht 
«triU appear, from faft iid expe- ^^ ^^ j^^^ ^j,^,, ^^^ ^^ ^^ « j-. 
mce, that.i.,ir«/>< «A««^, ^^„_ In tbrming an eflimaie o? the 
m^aniMp^Tatcl;, -uiuhd. God ] ^^^ charafler. In propoidon 
mBie/oumito it true, ia/ rWTj | ^^^j-^ are witiidrawn, the Bal:ed 
mtKafiar. , r . ■ - ( human heart appears. Andinor- 

To the ends of thij tn- ^^^ ^ ^^^^.^^ j^ ^ ^. ^j^^ ^ 
d ud probation of human nature, ! ^^^^ ^.^^ (^^ i^ ,^^^^ f^^„^ 
SDy. a loDg period of time fecms ^;^, ^^ ^^^^^ to withdraw thofe 
Mce&ry, ud dunngits progrefs, ^,ft^„„ ju> ^ as the ftate of 
icmun degree «f order among ! ^^ .^i,j ,^:^ 
■n H KquioK ; for, wi'iioat this, 1 * 
Vot. 1l N«. 3- Q_ 

On Human Defrnmly, 


Among the coiintlefs reftraints 
which tiniii the reign of uicked- 
nefs are, natural cocfciance, or a 
morJ ftufti common to men, by 
which they diftinguifh between 
right and wrong, with the comfort 
or renioife wkich purfiics the fen- 
tence it p^es on our moral con- 
ia&., accompanied wiih a pre-fen- 
timent of fiiure retribution — A 
conviflion that the judgment of 
God *iii be according to truth 
and righteoufhefs — a hope, refult- 
ing from revelation, tradition, or 
tlie expreffioni of the divine bc- 
■i>£"i?) of appeafing God's an- 
ger and conciliating his favor, by 
ourfervic^s and ofTeriiigi— -reniark- 
ab)e judgoients with which God 
bai vifitetl a wicked world, and 
in which he has fhewn his wrath 
ind madehispowericnowii, to ev- 
ery age and nation — the HioraieTs 
of human life after the deluge- 

bonndi ; aiid,to raentioD no moMt 
even the interfering lulls in (life 
fame heart, which limit each oi&P 
er, or fubjedt the weaker to titk 
predominant paffion. ^ 

tiuch are the bands and cordk 
by which Almighty God bindiii 
in fuch degree as he plcafes, a met 
of apodate creatures, who rdiife 
to be united to him and to one *■ 
nother, in that charity which ft 
the bond of perfcflnefs. 

God has been pleafed however, 
for wife and holy purpofcs, in «»*• 
ry age, and under every degne 
of light which has Ihooe on dlfc 
world, to remove thefe rertraimt 
or fomc of them, from nations-idR' 
from individuals, and in foch d^ 
grce as to give fufficienc openii^ ■■ 
into the human heart. ^_ j 

It may be ufeful to illuflrate, Im | 
the condui^t of nations and ofilt* 
dividual, in a few poiticiikilt. 


On Human Depramiiy» 


gampcniarcdt by the fplendor of 
fiAory and conquefty and the ad- 
laottgea refiilti(\g finom oationsJ 
f^^andizement. Accordingly, 
Aenatioiia which hare (hed moft 
Uood* Jttve, in all ages, not ex- 
the preient, l^cn held the 
lexiowDed. CompaAs and 
with each other, though> 
Pagans, the gods above 
•dfodi bdow, and among Cluif- 
the Holy Trinity^ are cal- 
in the noft folenm man- 
IP aivtoge their violation, are 
■■W ftrriMr and rotten wood ; no 
4ircs3KAs they will be maintain- 
flvngoodfiuth, even at the fo- 
M^^^MBeiit of ratification; they 
Wwcsifed atmatters of necefEty, 
■fc«r C0D¥enience» and to be laid 
mkt^ chlier with or without a jwe- 
intciFeft requires. The 
Gonfidered as individuals 
politic^ have been, with 
exceptions, atrocious murder- 
ihdrfeet have beeafwiftto 
^pd" blood, and they have had no 
Src f God before dieir eyes. 
TT^IUs fleetch of the charaAer of 
is fapported by tlic rcpre- 
of them in the holy 
The four great mon- 
are there reprei'cnted by 
ferocious beafis of prey ; the 
by a lion» tlie Perfian 
r, the Grecian by a leop- 
isd the Roman by a beait, 
Tiy which had no proto- 
nature, dreadful and ter- 
andftrong exceedingly, which 
iron teeth, which de- 
brake in [ icccs, and ftarop- 
icfiduc with the feet of it, 
t^wliich had ten horns. Such 
trae charader of nations the 
MNrerfoland illu(hious,whofe 
cniatts, in laying waftc the 
9 have been celebrated in all 
pnee they figured upon tiie 
4e of human affairs, by poets 
fiiAoriaBs, and indeed by 

mankind in generaL And fiidii 
is the charafler of all other na^ 
tions, fo £ur as they have had pow- 
er and opportunity to difplaythem* 
felves ; and fo true is the divine 
declaration, " My thoughts art 
not your thoughts^ netther are your 
ways my ways** From the char* 
after of nations we may certainly 
infer the chaiafter of the body of 
the people or individuals which 
compofe them ; if thefe loved 
their fellow-roen as they do them« 
felves, they would prevent tiM 
profecution ofunjuft or cruel wars ; 
and, if they had the fear of God 
before their eyes, they would find 
means to fecure the faithful and 
religious obfervance of treaties; 
they are therefore, uniefs they 
manifefts in fome proper wayt their 
difient, guilty of all the fraad, in- 
jufUce, cruelty, nKurder, perfidy 
and impiety^ of the nation which 
they compofe, and as individuals 
they muft accountto God the com- 
mon Father of ncn. Why da 
they freely perpetrateiiich horrid 
wickedndfs as members of a na^ 
tion, whichf perhaps, they would 
not do as individuals I ^caufc 
their lereptations are greater* and 
their rcftraints lefs. Here then 
the human heart appears (Iript of 
difguife. The fame appears in the 
conduft of mod kings and great 
men who are above, and of many 
mean and bafe men who are in 
Tome fenfe below the cognizance of 
law. The former prove tyrants 
and oppreflbrs ; the latter, pro- 
teAed by their poverty and meao- 
n^fs, prove cheats, liars, thieves, 
drunkards and are addided in gen- 
eral to what a called low vice. 
The infant of a »an long feels few 
reftrainu ; if dilbrbed in its en- 
joyments, it will (how that per- 
verfe and wrathful ten^r which, 
(Irengthened by time and left un- 
reftrainedf will tnifeV \a va>n<k\ \ 

it appeiri to be wholly fclfifli ; ii 
v^l iaan fight the bK»R that feeds 
it ; it oevcr doubts, till taught the 
contrary by painful experience) 
thu all thingi arounil were made 
to fubTerve its intereHc and pleaf- 
urea ; it will fight the perfon who 
lakes away its baubles, jud as 
nations fight with on? another on a 
like account ; if, by meani of iu 
(icknefa or oihenvile it is cxcdTive- 
ly indulged, it will, when able, 
JooD fill tht licufc with noife, and 
indifcriniin^tely deal its rage a- 
round ; the fondeCl endearments 
fcrre to nourilb peevUhoefi and 
prid'?. inficad of gratitude and o- 
heoKnce If etreflually reftrain- 
cd by a i^niperaie paienial author' 
ity, it wit) btffa to feel its true fit- 
uation, as related to thofe artmnd, 
and to condui-f accordingly ; bat 
if r.o;, itwUldifubey its paienti, 
>i wUI Ue, it will i.wn lifp out 
iB inij,rec.'iioni, and ihew 

0« ftvmmi Gifraviiy. 


thing;, how happy it it for the - 
chuicb and world, that Cod has 
reduced the life oi man from near 
a tliouland years tothreefcoreycarx 
and ten. Had it not been for thi* 
wife and gracious appointment, a- 
noihet deluge of water, or of fire, 
might, long ago, hart bpennece&- 
rytofweeji iIk world of its wick- 
ed inhabiunts. 

A man of boiOerous and unbaU 
lowed palTions, when in the prc£- 
ence of his prince, or oilier ffeat 
otan, and paying hii coanfoTfiMne^ 
favor which lie holds mofl deaf, 
will be a paragon of genilcneli W^ - 
patience : But follow hint, aiter 
the lUTTiult witliin is laifed tO'lten 
higheil violence, by fomc unto- 
ward everts, to his own hoole | 
and Lis paiGoas, let loofe upon ifap- 
unhappy obj efts around hin, mil i 
am evwy thing in their coatfc, / 
vi'l difplay a fcenc ieD-fbld"-{ 
drcjdt''ji than that of con- • 

Oh Human Depravity- 


iiat of God alone : 
ifethe fcency for it 
w to- fptak of thofe 
re dofir by fuel in f- 
afon of this con dud 

eye of mar., from 
irs evil and cxpcfr-; 
raint ; but the eye oi 
m perhaps he expcdis 
rars nothing, is cither 
r not furticient to pre- 
r indulgence, 
cicus and profligate 
ided with fhame ?nd 
ill. for the moft part, 

crrners. Jn fiich a 
9 a wicked man, who 

confcioi:! of enjoy- 
tation, will be careful 

if he can do it, Jind 
; reigning propenfity ; 
II foor.'.r or Ii^.cr give 
ion» :!nd he is then 
ive the reins to hif? 
nclination, r.r.d to (In, 
h a cart-roj'f. Su.n 

the notorious liber- 
dniakiird : bjt when 
•flers are grciiHy null- 
t vice isk*pt iii ro\in- 
t}ie bemfi! of a 
»mp»r.uivcly!, ih 
c of fr^ci-tv ; cfiv.'- 

peopie have enj )y .•d 
i advant:>;;eN f"r rt- li- 
re of fuch a pcoj.Io 
das nigh unto curfing. 
mj^ht up in pious f^m- 
nderthe re ii taints oi 
1 (bciety will ufu:illy 

ihcir ccFiverfaticn ; 
im in arv Htuation 
nts arc moilly taken 

may be cxpte"^if^. if 
to fticw the bent of 
bon to become vrofi- 
chool of vice. 
1 be impaired by in- 
uid the foul and fe- 
ini will rage without 

it be injaiud by 

old age, and the perfon, unlefs a 
radical change of temper has taken 
place, will be unt ratable, fclf- wil- 
led and pailionate, To as to be- 
come a burden to all around him ; 
i and if he has experienced fuch a 
., tliC remains of corrupt na- 
! ture, in a like exhibition of ity to 
a certain decree, will be ap(>arent ; 
I or let it be impaired by diltradlion, 
I and the perfon will be imperious* 
I or malicious, or profane^ or ob- 
fccnc ; or all of them' at turns, as 

■ the propcnfjtics. apparent in thofe 
cxercifes, pre\'ail. This laft io- 
Aance is as fair a trial of the na- 
tive inclinations of the heart as 
any of the former ; for, as thofe 
inclinations exifl independently of 
rcafon, they will fhcw thcmfelves 
as they really are, when reafon is 
impaired, and no longer controls 

Let dlflionr^r l^ detached from 
a f<anicu]«r vice, and attached to 
to the oppofite virtue, as, in the 
caft* of rn^'iiinp, it i? io the opin- 
ion of lie work! ; and few men, 
cxc('"«t (i]ch r.s ar? not of this 
v\orKi, v.ili bi' able to refiflf the 
temptation of jii\irji or accepting 
.1 rlial!crge to fight with fword and 

■ piftoi, when the Jr,ws cf kcrcr, 
I faifcrly fo c:j1icH, reqiifre it. Such 

A's. (j'u this:, rfod lurh a<i give counte- 
I ranee to it, and rfjccjiilly fuch, 
! vhofe province it is to execntc the 
I J.iws on the atrocious cfFenders, 
i «ind from a criminal complaifance 
I to public opinion, neglcA to do it* 
I are ail murderers ; though they 
• would refent the imputation with 
I as much fpirit as Hczacl did, with 
i nn *' 7/ thy ff riant n dog that he 

I The ir^iicis rf the prefcnt day 
I arc ui.ilcr icwer rcf^rrints tlianthe 
! srcicrt paj;ans ; fni thcfc laft had 
; net abanticncd, but only corrupted 
tl '.' wtvdjp of Gcd, nor did the^ 
ilifiAiicvc iL Ualcci of &i\.>iTttevJV. 

Ibution ; but the fermer hire w^oUy 
labacdooed the woilliip of Godi 
landmodofifacffl conlider deathu 
laa «ternil deep : accardiogly. they 
lare more gigantic in wickcdncf! 
Bthan any of their preicMflbrs who 
Bwirred on heiven, thcyhjveWd- 
lly atuckcd all authority and power 
'n heaven and on earth ; and this 
ley have done, undef the hill 
of gofpellight, and lhon)d 

I power, as ihcy bive 

tel)'-doae, and (hod d they pro- 

) exterminate pity and the 

utural aflirdioni from the Imman 

1, as inconlilleDt with their im- 

i philanthropy, ihc miieries 

which they have already produced, 

Eliough they have filled one half of 

world, will he but tlic begin- 

g of foriows i and in their fur- 

r progrcfs they will prejarc tlic 

" r (he batilc of the great djy 

1 Almighty. But not to 

turesi yet coofider it as aDpr«fit^ 
ble, if not dangerous. Had tUa 
been the feofe of the author of our 
holy religion, it never would havt 
appeared there. But in a buna* 
nious fyftem, fuch as the biUe «a- 
taias) the ufe of particular da» 
trines may not readily be diicsot 
cd, lulefs viewed in their caoneet 
tion with others to which they h4 
reiaicd. Should we fet afide di| 
dodrineof tbecDtirel^ loQ, mtfrt 
ed Aatc of man — of the men^ 
fovereign good pleafure of God m 
his recovery— -^od, of the 'HWrni 
necciEiy of thp fupcrnatural infls- 
eoces of the Holy Spirit oa the 
hearts of mea, to prepare then fix 
(he gofpel-fdvatioB ; we coulddif- 
cover no ufe, or even place fi»r chc , 
fcripiurc doflrioc of ElcQiOB. 
But in conaeOion with tkc^e doe- 
trines, it b not dil&cult to dilcoveri 
both its certainty, and its ulefiii- 
nefs. If (he falranoo of finncri 


ilttj of die fioner depends on 
tut oeding ym^ob and lore of 
0^ B«t when we attend to 
tk chmAcr, which the holy fciip- 
llnn Bve of the finner, and the 
i^NKBiadons there made of the 
bcarty it will readily be 
dutt nooaty who imagines 
kb ctei iial fidration depends 
mf€Ma6oos» which it is com- 
' widihit pident difpofition 
i, and will be conneded 
them, has any proper fenfe 
tf ibe mllj wrettfaed, helplefs 
nd eonditioDhe isin. That 
which it of great im- 
to axi^t undttflanding 
antnc tad extent of golpel 
id nduch vfittlly precedes 
If iaipUef fuch a difcor- 
tfjrif the widRdnefi and obftina- 

ZM" oar own hearts, as forces 
Goaehlfiao iqKm m, that if we 
llt'CfCrfaroii^ to be willing to lie 
VdMfr' mercy of God, and lore 
in inch a lahration aj is 
in die go^l, it mnft be 
not ooly l^ a power foreign 
own, but by one which op- 
i^punft all the natural biafles 
hearts, and OTercomes 
This conridtioB ftn»igly 
the finner's mind with a 
of hisablbhite depend- 
iHeoB die lovereian mercy and 
dttng lore of God for fahation. 
' Aad the icrtptnre dodrine of 
is eTiaently calcalated 
this connfiioo— a con- 
which it cannot be, 
flionld erer properly efti- 
die natnre, and fee the glory 
#ttat diYine mercy, by which 
fiacn are fayed. 
"l« That God has, of his fore- 
p good plcafnre, eleded a cer- 
► miaibc i' rf the human race to 
MlSfe, is the only doArine, 
dkafirds any ground of hope 
wmb ftmer, when conrincedof 
win odiir icripture truths with I 

0* EltiM. 


which it is connected. Without t 
knowledge of this, a finncr under 
proper cenvidion could find no 
ground of hope. Increafing Hght 
will difcoTcr increafing oppofitioa 
of heart to God, and to the way 
of falvation by Chrifl. That, 
were the (inner, who has any clear 
difcovery of the fhte of his own 
heart, to feel that it depended ul- 
tixnatelyon himfelf—- on the exer- 
tions of fiicha heart as he now pd^ 
fedes, whether he fliould erercom- 
ply with the propofals of the gof- 
pel, he would at once lofe all 
hope. The only coniideration, 
which will prevent dcfpair, is, that 
God has mercy bccaufebewUl iave 
ffiercyy and on whom be will have 
mercy. This muft be fo, becaufe 
it fo eridendy appears, firom the 
word of God, that nothing fhort 
of the mighty power and influence 
of the Holy Spirit ever brings the 
heart of the finner into the fenti- 
ments of the gofpel. Since the 
fuffidency of the atonement, and 
the free and rich offers of mercy, 
both, leave the finner's heart where 
they find it*— under the entire do* 
mmion of fin, the plan of falva* 
tion would be incomplete without 
the doArine of Eledtioo. Were 
it not forthoie favingpupofes and 
that ibvereign mercy,' which ne- 
ceflarily imply a particular ele^on, 
a conviiftion in the confcience of 
thofe truths, which are dearly 
taught in the word of God, would 
leave the finner in a hopelefs ftate. 
Without this doftrine^-^without 
evidence, both of the power, and 
the purpofe cf Chrifl to cavfe dead 
Jinnert to hesr his vo/Vr, there could 
be no certainty th^t any one of the 
human race would be faved. Thus 
evidently is the do Arine of £]e^oi» 
fitted to proTT.cie convidion, and 
at thtiame time to prevent defpatr. 
3. The do6lrine of Eledtiotk 
gives an afTutaivce, vjYvkV^ c<yQ\^ 

aot bt Hid wiihoui ii, that the 
grcatcll gguiilb;iJlb< Accumplilhcd, 
and the highcl! mciTuics of feli- 
city be the ffuit of the gloiious 
wuikof RcdetnptiOQ. 

The good to be accomplilhed 
by the walk of redcmptioD, will 
be infwcrable to the u'^fdom aod 
love, which appeai in this mail 
Itlorious of dU the wori;s of God. 
That tJi« falvjuon «f a certain 
Dumbci and pioportioii of the bu- 
DUD nc; will bell fatisfy Jiviiu in- 
fnite l(n>e, God himfclt has deci- 
ded. This is eriiicni, fioitj the 
clearr explicit decUmiions of hii 
holy word, [hat fonx vi muikind 
lloll perifti. But to afcet^n [IiIk 
Burobei aod pr^portioa, is infinite-. 
ly beyond [he power of »ny, ot 
all creaKd bcingg- In the doc- 
trine of Eliition we hjv( 
that it IS afi-erumLd, Ktid molt 
exactly afceruined, by viif- 
dcm end /uKf . God'B fiviiig mer- 

lAm. fiOcr. ■ 

ovn leiie — that tove, which rparcdw 
not hisown Sun, but AeeJy gave him 
up fur lis all — is a certain evidence,!, 
that ihe grtatell good Ihall be ac-t 
com-^hlheJ. — That it it no nuM*i 
poifihle there (hould be highet foU- 
city and eajoymeot in Cod'^ raw., 
aJ kicgdom, tlun will id f^ b>j 
eiTeiilfd by the lAOrt of rcd«iip.| 
lion, than it is pojHble ikit ihq„ 
wildom whicli <;boofc9 the vdrds. 
of metcy, aad the love which re-tj^ 
deems and fares them, fliould ba„' 
exceeded And yet. without tht^' 
deciCon of infinite wifdom ia the*. 
caf^ the evidence could a<3t be bs^j 
thaithe bighdl and gmtteft gMi^J 
n\i be ikc >:f tiaio and evtiilwiaftjl 

fruii of the gbriuus woikofte*^ 

4. Wi'JioiU the dodtine of-1 
lei.tiuD, tile evidence would be ji 
coinpletc, that ibc lalvatiua of fii 
ne:s refidtsfrum the mae jclfn 
ring love and mere/ uf , 1 

//b'zi/ the gofpel Jhtudd It preached. 


raeDt of favorSf would 
e. Where there arc 
nts, pi duns Miiil b? 
and their nature and 

o view of things like 
bed (hows the eternal 
moved purely by the 
lis own nature, to the 
nncrs, and which at- 
whole and every part 
uon to the mere mer- 
e of God, as their 
ttcd eternally to bind 
lumble obedience and 
fe it to iiigh and dc- 

Chrifl, is well lermcd jgofpcl, or 
good news. Ic may be fummcd up 
in the concife declaration, that '*Je- 
ius Chriil came into tlic world to 
five finners."* It is more fully 
cxprdTed in the divine tcftimony, 
th^* '' God fo loved the world tha: 
he gave his only beg.ittcn fon tha: 
whofbever belicveth in him fhould 
But in whatever form of words ic 
is fummarily cxprclFed, a jiroper 
explanation will fhev/ that it in- 
volves many niof} intcrcfting ana 
import;'.st truihs, relating to God; 
his perfcftiosis, character, govem- 
ation of the glory of i:ieiu,and grace ; — i elating to mar., 
!hincs in tlie face of aca crci'.urc and fubjcifl of God, 

aiidas a Tinner again fl hiro ; — rcla- 
tln;; to Jefus Chiiil, in his won^ 
(ierful p'jrfun> the Lnion of his di- 
vine and human natures, his medi- 
atorial character, officvis, and work; 
— relating to the application of re* 
dcmptii)n by the agency of the Ho- 
ly Spirit, in the hearts ot (, 
in !rs renewing r.r.dfanv'VifyirgirHi;- 
cncjs, by whic^« they aie made wil- 
ling in ih; days of God's power ; 
ifts a (hade upjn it. . arc bro^iglit to repentance towards 
' the onl'.' j; of Gi^i» :.r'd faith lowiuds our Lord 
penhcnf fmricrs, and Jcfis Chrift ; and thus become th* 

fulj-.c't' of pardoninj; gr«.cc, and 
..iC kept by the p;^\.er of Go J, 

other fchemc of doc- 
finncr fo low in his 
d fo abfurh^ and fv/al- 
wholc foul in !<>vc 
Jation is laid for the 
efs to God, and the 
:y in the LMJoyinent 

c the Scripture tluc- 
icular £Ie6tio:., ob- 
10 1 e fyflem of -ofptl 

rly uncertain v. Ixllicr 
r be faved I» ub- 
re and glory of divine 
eaves the iffuc of ilicr 
f things atrhr utni.i't 
•depriving us c»r the 

iiirough faith to {kivation. 

It p!eafcd G^d in the riches cf 
hi.^ mercy to iinful man, :j infpiie 
a number of chofin v/itnefTes, to 
t a good, worthy of commit to v/riting, the fyllcm of 
.nd anfwcraL!'- to the ChrifHantruih, as far as was reqai- 
lys which :?rc marie ut I file for the communication of fa- 
wifiSomand mcicy, | vin^; knowLdge, and thus to fur- 
1, govjrnnicnt, and nilh the wnfrid\vi:h tliolaciedrwrip- 
turj.*, which are ebb to make us 
'.ule to falvaiion, through faith in 
Chritl JeliiS. 

Tiiiir irothinjmi^hi be uaniinj; 
in ^"ioint oi incansi he hadj graciouf- 
ly inlLtuted the preaching of the 


r the world, will ev- 

\nncr cj ^readnir tie 

elation of faving mcr- 
Inncrs, through Jefus 

• X Tinimhy, i. 15. \ '\o\tfv vvw. \<». 


Hov lit gofpeijbc'itli bt fnOfhid. 


gai\it\, md sppoiiited :n order of 
men, in the v^liiilli.^n church, to 
iddicfs their fclluw-liriDGi's, on the 
jrreiiL concerns ut' religion, and 
the world to cui.;c ; to explain 
and inci:]cjte tl'.e ttathsi duties, 
rtnd profivAs oiitned ir. the gufpel ; 
to procldjni, from the rcripturesi 
the glad tiding! of Hlratton to pen- 
itentt believing (innen through the 
atoDcmentof ChriH : and to warn 
the impenitent and uiibclieving of 
the wrath to come. 

So impurtini, To glorioui and 
awful are tht uiFufls of tiiij minif. 
try, that the apoftte. vhen fptak- 
ing of himfclf and his fellow la- 
bourer! fays, " We arc unto Gnd 
i fwcct favor i<f Chrill in :hof<: 
«ho are fjTcd, and in thof; who 
ptiiili. To the one wc arc a favor 
of death unto death, and to the 
other of life unto life j" ini adds 
(in which every {^ni>u« prcuchci of 
ilipgofpel will jom htm.) 

I. The ChriiHao minifl 
preach the gofpel mlj. 

This is to preuch it u i 
veaLd in the holy fcriptvre 
outany pcrrcrlton. God iii 
abl: to bring linncn to th 
knowledge of himfelt^ un 
moA coinipt tciichen. J 
is not his ordinary way i- 
is cornipt and fJfe trachinj 
(Hcuted mean of graceand fa 
or adapted to tlje benefit 
henrcrt, but the contra 
" faith Cometh by hearin 
heurrng by ibe word of Goi 

If pruching be the prop 
□r falvation to ihe hearers, 
the exhibition of divine I 
their undcrftandings and 
tlius thL-y are '* begotten 1 
the gofpel," anil the " poAt 
GoJ'i htait feed them with 
edjje and tinderftanding." 
fh'.Vtf us that publiC) aul 
preachers of the ppfpe] (he 

flow ihf golJ^JtmiU UfnMgbed, 


preicher would, in 
tfiiref fpeak as he 

lay be replied, that 
fyftem is connedled 
« Thefe may be 
b many links of a 
down from heaven, 
ruths can be denied 
thout icjur)" to the 

liowcver, more im« 
idamental thnn oth- 
ay be difFcrcntly fta- 
erated by different 
^nall y regard divine 

iter, the following 
be themofl cfiential, 
ition of Chriilian* 

erfe Aions, and uni- 
d his infinitely {>cr- 
xiftcnce, as a Tri- 
The truth and di- 
oly fcripturcSyofthc 
eflamcnt. The di- 
>nement of Chrift. 
an of penitent, be- 
through his mcdi.1- 
fnefs. The total 
an, in confequence 
lapfc. The fuper- 
of heart, by the 
loly iSi/irit, in thofc 
% the faving of the 
eigr.'.y and freedom 
e, in tiic falvation 
)iaycvi in tine, ac- 
ctci nal purpofc of 

and ncccflity of 
efs, and its unfail- 
I with the faith of 
jiofe who are fa vcd. 
iiioTis of tternity, to 
id the wicked, 
r who enters deep- 
mportant truths of 
not, it may be ho- 
pervert any other ; 

and the hearer whole principles 

; and manners are formed on themi 

will ** go on in g<ace, and in the 

knowledge, of ourXiord and Sa^ 

viour Jefus Chirft." 

{ II TheChrlftian miniftermufi 

i preach the gofpel plainly. 

This implies that he prefent to 
his hearers the tmths of Chriftianp 
ity, in language, eafy to be under* 
. flood by them,that inftead of ufing 
ambiguity of language, or general 
' and indeterminate afiertions, ke 
make it a leading obje^fc, next to 
preaching the fimple truths of the 
gufpei, tj do it in a manner adap- 
ted to the capacity of his hearers* 
that they may underhand hinu 
With the apoftle Paul, he will pre* 
fer fjicaking "five words, . in the- 
church, with his underftandiogv 
that lie nay edify others, to ten 
thoufand words in an unknown 
tor.gue/'* He mufl not only avoid 
that (hidied ambiguity by which 
unfaithful teachers aim at efcaping 
the offence of the crofs, and fcek 
to plcafe carnal hearers, but he 
. miHl ftudy that plainnefs of ad- 
■ drefs which will render his mean- 
ing intelligible to his common bear* 
crs, that they may be inffaiiAcd, 
convinced and edified 

Cutting is the reproof of the 
ap^fUe in the paffage ju(l mention- 
ed, to the preacher who is more 
concerned to commend himfelf to 
his hearers, as an able, learned, or 
eloquent man, than to commend 
the truth as it is iu Jefus But 
mull of all doth the awful cenfure 
fall on thefaithlcfs timeferver,who 
hidt's himfelf under general and 
am b>j;uous language, to avoid the 
truili. Such may well be ranked 
wiih " falfe apoftles, and deceit- 
ful workers, who by good words 
and fair fpeechesdecdve the hearts 
of the fim ple t 

♦ [ Cor. siv. 19. t J^ooi* 'VTi* \%« ^^^ 
% Corvi. t^. 

JJiiw li: gajfeljhautd it frcerhtd. 


^1 .ic!i tlie gofpi;! tleiKitiRral'n'rly 

Hi! prc.iol'.l^g fluiulil be " in ihe 
demunftintion of the fpirii, and 
of i> 'iveT,"f aid iRing'iifhed from 
t!n: c'tnifinp words of human wif- 
i-i.-n. ihic the f.atli of hi? hearers 
" Ka\ njt (t^r.d in ihc wifdom of 
rasBj but in the power of Guil," 
For this p'jrpofe he need j a deep 
and I'ttcnfivc acr,ainMncc with the 
Chriili.m fj'ftcn-i — much «nd> well 
cholin rejii::';- — laA much ftudy 
and prs^cih*'. his viCM't of truth 
raiy l>c cle,\i, and hi* reafjninp, 

•fti!..i:i:r; -jf, and the 
■well rtudii-i; divir-c ; but lo his at- 
tentive and f.riou^ hearers of eom- 
mim <a]'»city. Thefi- euriJitutc 
■1-.^ Kfc;it !-ody of thoft- v.ii, hear 
!.in;, ..iid .lULT- '.h Tr r." mult 

hrl; \--T \v'. i.-K^ivH hv.CiS^. 

clearly itiitcd and urged, i 
whok-fjlUm of Cbriftian t 
duly, eonneflcd with the: 
be brought into view. 

Divine truth, exifting 
mind and reOing on its it 
dcncC) is inOtumental, 
the divine bldlin;;, to i 
and convert the finner ; t 
the hypocriie ; and to et 
ttueCKiidbn. ItiKnol 
led W Hop thr mouths of 
er!, to fiifnee unruly and v 
cis,andbrin£thcm to the) 
edr,tmentoMlie truth. Nc 
without a ]K>u i.rful dirini 
attending tli^ word of tru;: this Paul m. 
^;nd Apollo' wtiter, in vai 
ilii: afliirds r.o jult obje 
gainfl the d'.- of divinely i 
trie;'.!)!!. 01 the k-:il^ grouni 
pert thr n'-;-ncy in the d< 

How the go/pel ficM le preached. 


'ji 9ms boMnefs however, is wide- 

orcrbearingauihoricy which 

ksie been, in fume ia(Unccs mif- 

I - tikei for it, and by which evil 

- set -have done much hi'.n to the 

of God and liic fouls cf 

hearers. 1'he former is the 

f fgfik cf deep in)])reflxons of the 

:e and aGthority of God, 

-worth of fouls, the prccioul' 

of fpf^\ tnithand the inipor* 

of eternity. The latter in- 

the abfencc of a!J theft, 

li^JH 4hews a mind puffod up wi:h 

i^'^fffom pride and fclf- conceit. 

aid b(ildnc(sdi^.ttiMi and infpirtu 

1^-^ the S'lfj-el ib tn;ic freedom of 

^'VHgilt and ex pre }T. on whicli re- 

^ Uttiram prnpt:r views of f|>iritUHl 

^MlA olivine obji ti^. Thef^: tili the 

-'iidbd with in)pitirions of their in- 

ff flphe import ao cr, a rd lay ih^ cr^p;- 

>^^m|ow before God, and thusde- 

him from the fear of man by 

him with :i'.2 fear of Go«J. 

f«!<<:V7 Thj Chriftian minilter mull 

%iiHLh th? gufpct with huHiilily. 

■** "^ With ibis, indeed, ho mi:!!^ do 

*^Mthings ; it i- an efTrirU hnncri 

< tf fi^cnuir.e C'lr^diin-ty, Dut it 

-'il pscuSiiiily ir.ijrji ctut in pi'j.i:lunn 

* 4se Bofpci. 

^ ' Humility rcf J! t5 from tight views 

* "if the divine chiinkler a.iu gov- 
^-^nmitr.u, and of cur ov/n clurac- 
' ■ ttp and ft?.:?. " I have heard of 
:* ^ike/' faid an eniinent laint, " by 
^ *^ hcarin;; of tjic ear, but now 
'■ nine rye f* €*!i thi:e, whcr^fure I 
J Alior my ft if, and rtfM-nt in doll 

-lad aftes/'* Such w.i- ih-. rtRa 
r rf a clear difj>i.iy of ih-: divin-- 

* MneCs to holy J'.?-, i*nd T.xh will 
fl^ever b?, to a he^rt j^r;^>;iivl to 
tebraccdiritictrutiK T-Kir \zh- 
CTf dccjily inipiclfr.l \iitl) .i ft-nf; 
if his OWr C\<«fdii;» unwr'ilii- 

aefsy is prep.;red tr. ijicak honor- 

ably of God and Chrift, and to 

l^differefit from that felffufRcien- addreik his hearers in a manner 

adapted to imprcfs their roinJs, and 
perfliade them to coniider their kt- 
*cr end : and thus he ^* commends 
:he truih to their confcicnces in 
the fight cf Cod." 

VI. The Chriflian R^inider 
mu(t preach ihegolpclin the fpirit 
uf I'lndtirfs. 

The pious and bene vol en t preach- 
er, in hi'j preparations for the pub- 
lie {blemni'.es, will contemplate 
the worth of die foul of man, the 
malignity of (iii, the awfulnefsof 
JIviivj wra*h, the importance of 
eternity, and the wonderful love 
ar.d grace of God, revealed in the 
gofpc!, and brought to us through 
Jcfjs Chrifi. All thcfc fubje<as 
and efptci illy the iaft, v/iiJ pre- 
pare him to feci the mod tender 
Ijenevoler^c to periihing finners. 
He will therefore addrefs them 
from the fuliic! j of bis heart, widi 
.irdent lonpii^ for tlic'r falvation. 
Nam-iioa? ard weighty are the mo- 
nvc^ ;o th'j k*:idert addrefs to the 
i'jvii; of his htMier:. We add in 
th.* I fl: place, 

VII. The ChririiAn minider 
mull preach tl..: g'Jl.^cl with foltuh- 

Til is reiniric r-jmlts from all 
which have preceded. Thctruths 
to he proclaimed aic exceedingly 
folLnm and weigh!y,asthty refpeft 
the great things of God, and his 
wonderful love and grace to guilty 
man ; they a e f< lemn as they le- 
lalc to tlie woniltrful work of re- 
dciT)ption by the obedience and 
djath of our Lord jefus Chrift ; 
and ar. they rtfpe<5l the joys and 
f nrows of departed fouls — the glo- 
rious and dreadful rialitits of the 
futurt; and eternal date, and as 
chtfy it:fj:e6t the final condition 
of tiie preacher and his hearers, 
wliich will be decided forevcr% hv 
the abufc or "iw^voMtv^^vA. vA ^iror- 

• J«»b xlii. % b 


momentary Rue, for " Bc>wld 

now is the accepted time- BehoFd 
ttow i« the day of fUv.nioo." 

The fkithftil watchman wil! pre- 

ferve hi3 own fou), jrid may hqje 

for the filration of fomc, at leall, 

of his hearers, eyen Al who r«- 

ccire the truth in Irt:, and flv for 

refuge to the hope fct i>efore them. 

the people of the ULfjithful 

fter, who were not *atntd by 

it is much to be feared, iiill 

diein their fins but their blood 

wili be rcQuirsd at hi* hand. 

ow folemn ami weighty is 
the ininiderul cliarge 1 May all 
who take if on them feel iu im- 
ponanec. and be qualilicd tor iu 
Juries ; and may the chief (hep- 
leidand bifhopof fodiafEfl then) 
n ihcir arfluiias work, and crown 
Jwir labours ■*! I habun dan tfuc eels ! 

(h tnu titifi^t nl^n. 


he enteruiru the moA hetui'fclt 
loathing of hii own original chu< 
a^ter, beholds, with inefiablc COQl- 
pUconce, the charafler of God| 
HS forming a mollpeiftft tnatreJL 
with his own. He is pained while 
hii thou{<hii turn on himfelf is lb 
vtteand loathfome, but his heaitii 
tilled with exhilerating joy wbea 
he adverts to the tranfporting klett 
thatifl^irrh' prrftBian f&i ttir va^ 
verfil Ardibat all this fin and 
erii, jhall be over-ruled, snd its 
n.iural Mndency fn cuuntersfiMl* 
as that infinite^oBf/lhiJIbe thegf 
rious refult. His foul is n 

IDS 1 

he is encircled liy fucA a' Ood > 
and he ivith unfpeAablt <k!ighl ' 
vields himfelf to be difpofcd of ac- 
cording to the iiflates of thil ift- 
linitc perfcAioD. While theltmiU 
ly deeeired and wn mi -hearted bm^ 
ocrilc, ic dehghted too, with tw 
character of ii> God, {fat tbei* 

f ariO rejoice. I lay noi, ihai / 
liujfi taticty, oifearii, 
mm.ittmUff-y, 'iv'.'ih fiicf: a Ccd 
V nmm." Eutih=/.if/« Cl.iifii 
ff it nay be CidJcd a qhriDian, 
Iwtfa viewi udaArflioiu ckoim- 
feribidbfthe narrow boundaries 
ifjG^ or K lamiud fphere of opc- 
AbOb* The fjHTU of hit prayer is 
*fiM mt aaJ mmr,iBd do m ihou 
fa Uw rcfl/' He bii with- 
■ ao ftntiment of delight in 
'■ diAifive baj^Dcfi, the 
Tbii nfctuJiar to 
" except a man 
'he hat no iiarcn 
^ flbr eta fac njcj the kingdom 

Itn Tcry obfervaUe, that 
^JK ^di-infanned, felf-acqa aimed 
QkiAiMt talki very little of his 
■MliMb to God in a ticw of hij 
titfAt compared with tlie expref- 
fikih af the fbrmal) or legal pro- 
Jtiv| be is feldom confcious to 
UaOf that he it indeed in the 
fMfmt exercife of this highly be- 
Vimg grace- He fees there is 
■ll^e occalion for it, but how to 
-jlHiB 10 it) he knows not. He 
ttitr framfit, in a view of vriih- 
tt for Htercy. that he will reiuin 
«akte of thankfulacfs on ill re- 
i mtion, for he has been mide 
te^ fcnAble uf his abfolute ./-r 
ttMWcon God, and thoroughly 
)Wi ibat there is do foundatioB in 
l^kcwt for an e^ercife of this 
jfH^ •• for in him dwells r.ogOB^ 
itt^" By comparing his Icel- 
itp with the tTBih, he cannot but 
iqfthe poflefles its r^Ji^a! C\nm, 
im " WMiK Aw we thee an hun- 
fmi, ate. He mourns and la- 
hOMteter the ingTiitiiude of his 
ian. Thisisa^body of death," 
■der which he cries, " uho fliall 
Mitr me." While the dchided 
i^BK&fl OTcrfliiuis with gratitude, 
Ihiott CWtinualiy ; he can fci ajiart 
,1ft^ gf thiskijifing, and hare 

Mdja/Ji nlfgiea. igy 

peiiodical and annual rctnms of 
dus ChiiJlian, but I fear, nuchair- 
kal ^race. May we be faved from 
del'jliou — Ic.irn to Spingujk i and 
icmember that v e are to be weigh- 
ed in a balance, that may prove 

^uffiloru anjjlii/'wtri—by Amc- 
hi A. 

^f. I ft. ON what ground, 
does the true Chiiftian JUmil to, 
ladcerfdew his God i 

Anf. From a firm belief that he 
will manage all things in the very 
bed manner for his kingdom at 
large. He does not wilh that his 
inJiviJeal happincfs fhould be con> 
fulted, but derives his enjoyment 
from a purer, more refined fource, 
tfxvit, the greatefthappinefi of in- 
telligent nature— ^>r the good of 

^uef, From whence originates 
the fancied fi'bmiflion of the felf- 

delnded hyjKicrite i 

Anf. From an apprchcnGon that 
by it, he Ihill be a gamer. He 
is taught the indifpcuClilc nccelTily 
of this exereife— tliat without it 
there can b: no/afely for him, he 
therefore, merely as a retiigc frcm 
peilbnal tTi\,,jhrov}t bmjelf into 
tlie hand of Cod. Not fo the 
true Chriftian, who conlidcs, not 
by neceffhy, but of (Wkc, feeing 
ample foundation forun limited con- 
fidence in a being of abfolute per- 

^tf. What is the ol^efl of 
true gratitude ? 

Anf. The true eharafler of a 
holy God is the immediate ohjeft 
of true gratitude. That tlicic is 
a beif'g m th« head of the uuivcrfc 
poflelBng fuch endowments as c\-c- 
ry way qualify him to moke the 
moft eqnal .vnd perfeA diftiibutlon 
of things.fills the bentTolcuthcait 
witb hol^ tt'iuin\ih-, a&& tliot bt 


dl tr.jii tltal 1 

\ivity if,1 cbSi, t- 
t-urrj end m:J ixuhtd gratitoHt- 

^■f. Wl.« Ktc ,h; ppdoml- 

□Elcaiucs of rulfilh gKi'.itude I 

jinf. \\ \% faundcd on the la|i- 

ifctt partial jji'ijttnffs of God. 

'he fclGfh hcan is pcculi^rlj cx- 

ircifed by whit lie wUi n.ieemiiig 

hvt, ih«t Chrill ftould /u^^r a«i 

£t for liiiners ! What liean would 

tlieidcaf Buithis love 

2nd fiiatilude irc built oq mif^jjpre- 

hcnGoD of the gre^t mediaiorial 

work. There lit vcr VAtfuchiR 

exhibited, nat fuch a 

Saviour proTidi:d, as tlie felElh 

ait forms to itfdf, while it idol- 

A the God of its own creating. 

^f. Doei not ilie true Chnl^ 

n exeicJe grauTude in 

yjof. Yes, but he dc- 
n(ft.-,^-.;>-. Thai 

N aged perfon, who^ in ear* 
ly li^e. iatilUd under tbf 
lunner of Jcfu), ind who, iq ajcv- 
ing the lime of her dcparunv v. ■ 
h»n.i, c'uif.iywiih confidcncCt u 
we trull, ih4i ihc " hith kept the 
fftitli," wii convttfing wiih me, 
a few d*ys lioce, upuD the con' 
eeint of eternity ; luving coiB- . 
plained of much coJdnefi, Aupi^ . 
iiy and deadncfs of licAtt, ilie sul- < 
ded, " I duiTcgi&it comfofkbon^ • 
evcr.fronijptTiiiVluf tltcCoaoedv- f 
catETanaelie.t) Magizinc. Itgivn • 
me a tiiiied hope." Tbiiwuf||0* ^ 
ken with an emptuiit whJcii nnj^ > 
ged my partiiTuIjt ^iteDtian ( -jm4 f 
evinced the Kuth of tittt icauxjc « 
which has been frcqueuilji iawl«i * 
that, i!itou£h the medium of. Aid i 
3puUjc4tion as the Ma^32i[K,Cbl£ j 
tiani might do mucii ta iirengilwafl 
the h^ndj, und ev>couraj>e 
heirts of each othi^f. 

hewoal Qf Rifyi$B hi Lenox. : ^j 

if I am rightly in- . in the holy ordinance of the fiip- 
It in the ycai 1783. | per, would, among us, be fcarce- 

eefffeA of the unhap- 
which fre<|uently oc- 
I church, and the nu- 
Toptions to public re- 
ftien and the dated ad- 
of dirine ordinances* 
ny yearsy the meflkge 

ly had in remembrance. 

Such were the melancholy prof- 
peds of this church until the fpring- 
of the yeir 1 799. While iliow- 
ers of divine grace were fnlling on 
other parts of Zion, and*t&od, by 
his fpirit) was vifiting one place 
I ia Sardis might with > and anorher, and quickening mul- 
ii«tyhaTcbeenaddref- i titudes «* for his name's fake," W 
' I know thy works, ! fecmed to be folemnly ^ea^ned in 
ft anBTDCft that thou ' the words recorded in Rev. li. 5. 
■t dead." At the " Remember, therefore, from' 
irdination, which was whence thoi! art fallen, ar.d repent, 
959 the (ituation of • ot elfe I ^vill come uni3 thee quick- 
called for the carneft Iv? and will remove thy candle* 
tl who had a heart to dwk out of his place." Bat, the 
nvnber ofits members ; Lord haih faid, ** I will have mer- 
h greater then, than it | cy on wh^jm I will have mercy/*"' 
srhaps, for twenty-five and, glory be to his name. With 
r f and, almod the him, is the rcfidue c\* the (pirit, 
rm were bowing under and ho can pour it -.ut when, and 
M of age. No per- where, and on whom he pleafeth. 
IS in early life, wa: a He hatii made it, therefore, a 
this church. Not a day of his power, and caufed- 
:pcrfon had been ro- ■ even in the mid ft of us, a " {h»- 
tf in the courfe of fiK- king among the dry bones." 
To fee the youth, all 1 In ih^ mor.ih of April 1709; 
ag away their bcft mo- ; Several mcnib'-»rs of the church, 
ipidity-^o view them ■ manifcfted great anxiety about the' 
4e creatures, and yet, ; ftate of religion among ns, and 
fotly without a hop :■ — cxprefTed a dcliie that mciting? 
vifh beyond the gra^e" ; might he appointed forrdi'J jus 
•c a few groy-hcaded ! ccnference and fpecial prayer for 
pofc almolt the whole the out pouring of the holy r[iiiiti' 
oAimunica''.ts at the fa- ; This rcqueft v/as afterwai d? r.'.Lfle" 
.ble^i-^niift, to onejuft known to the church asab'jdy. 
Ml the work of the They uianlmoufly approved of it» 
re feelings, which c .n- and a ci'»nfcr»:nce meeting v^as ac- 
C de(crib«d. Well cordinol"^ ^rnointed. This rricct^ 

O ^ ft i 

lurch, liki God's an- ing was attended by wS many pco- 
nt people when they ; pie, as previous appearances war- 
(▼ity by the waters of , ranted us to expedl. A fermon 
mg its •• harps upon ; was preached at this meeting, and 
j" for, it fcein;;d, in- 1 the audiencj were very attentive. 

when thi fcv/, who At the next conference, we con- 
r haflening do^vn the verfed upon a p.irticular pHiTige of 
9 fhould l>e borr.e i> I fcriprarc, v.'h*>h led to a coriidc ra- 
nd delivered from the tiop of the b:ing and jeifeflL\oiv^ 
, the name of Jefir., of God. Stv^ril pttVon^ axCEv\% 

No; 4. 

Jimival of Rihgitn in Lrtm:. 


Abouiih;) ciTiie,--wo or ihree young 

i were brought under d«p 

hnn, and found earaeflly in- 

{ what ihey (hould do to be 

; and at the thirdcoot'ercnce 

kneeling, were to be fcen, perfons 

m etery pan of the town. 

e divine authority of the fcrip- 

cv^^ai made ibe fubjefl ofcon- 

f'lion, and the «)peaiimceof 

AiTcmbly \vu truly affcfling. 

Thrv fcemed aavi to conGdcr the 

bitly bible to b; the ^xry voice of 

God to 1 guilty world — ind the 

rciigion of Jefutia foiemn reality. 

ers were brought to tremble in 

of ettfnity — and profcffin| 

Phridius were animated and ren- 

fcred ftrvent in prayer. From 

, the work became meic 

religioui eon fcreoeej were 

multiplied ->^e houfe of Cod tvas 

'• ■ ' ; Cibb^th— and 

forward to tlte day of judgment/U 
8 time, when their hearts mud die 
within them. From thai folcnB 
feafon, there was an increafing at- 
tention to thing; of a ferious na* 
ture, among old and young, for 
fcveral months. WhUc we heai4 
of feme fiotn time to time, wha 
wtrc brought to a fenfe of their 
guilt and danger, othen, haTinf 
feen the impending (lorinof divint 
vengeance ^d fled to one fJfe re- 
fuge after anothci till all wuc tried 
in \ij.a, « ere hopefully krotig^t 10 
bow at the foot of divide tbveR^p- 
ty — to fee tlie moral bexutyand 
of the divine Saviour'~to cmbnCe 
him on gofpel terms, and) U> fiid 
by experience that "wiJilom'l«a<p 
aie pleaTanincfs. ' ' 

On the iweDiieth of OAobcr* 
twenty-four ])frfoiii were received 
into the church. This was widl: 
loi^iblc day. 


XivivJo/ Xdfgianm Leuax, 


ifg occafioa» thole who, in this 
pwic iiianiier» had united with 
fte vifibk church of Chrift, faDg 
am bymn which concluded thus, 

" fuBti by the power of God are kept^ 

m Tin fall iklvmtion come: 
"^ Wc wslk by fautb, as flrajagenhere, 

• TBI Chrift fliaU call ushonic/* 

The language to the fpeitatorsy 
iltlielcene thenpaffing before them 
vasy " We are journeying unto 
ike jplue of which the Lord faid, 
I will give it yon : come thou with 
■i nd we wil! do thee good ; for 
iheLord hath (poken good con- 
HDglfrael." A folcmn lilenccy 
ofafervcd during the whole fer- 
Not an air of levity was 
xedf for a moment, in a 
Attfe countenance. The infidel 
ad fldMndoned man flood appalled 
to the friends of Zion, the 
aflbrdeda preiibation ofheav- 
wdy joys. The old and the young, 
were prefent, feemed ready 
adopt the language of Jacob, 
he awoke from a dream, at 
BWhd» " How dreadful, is this 
Ace I This is none other, but the 
iMe of Cod, and this is the gate 

It was not, until /evcral months 
dkr this precious feafon, that the 
idyoni attention among us ap- 
fttred to abate. An unhap])y 
MNeDtion in the town relative to 
fthooUiflrifis, had, among other 
Aap, a tendci^cy, no doubt, to 

B' veaway that divine gueft, who 
b nmch gladdened the hearts 
tf tticfew who had long waited 
ibr die ** ^confolauon of Hrael." 
At the prefent time, tlierc is evi- 
deady a growing inattcctioo to 
amaal concerns. Agoodlynum- 
PRTt bowerer, yet roanifeft, in 
dqtorunent, much of the life 
of religion ; and, from 
^* ffCMMrabrance of paft joys," 
ttt probably induced to go often 
lidke throne of grace with the im- 

portant petition, ** Wilt thou not 
revive us again, that thy people 
may rejoice in thee ?" 

The whole number of thofe, 
who have been received into this 
church fince the beginning of the 
late awakening, is fifty-three. 
Some of this number, however, 
entertained a liope that they had 
become experimentally acquainted 
with religion before " the time of 
refrcfhing from the prcfence of the 
Lord," referred to in this narra- 
tive. Several perfons, who, in 
the time of the late awakening, ho- 
ped, that, in a fpiritual fcnfe,they 
, had <* paflcd from death unto life," 
have never yet, in a public manner, 
I declared thenyfelves to be on the 
, Lord's fide. Of the number who 
have been recently added to the 
' ch«rch,aIneofttwothirdsarefemales. 
Many of the new converts are in 
early life. Nearly all of them con- 
tinue to give iatisfadory evidence 
that they have been ** called out 
of darkncfs into marvellous light,** 
; and that Chrift is in reality, " for- 
med in them, the hope of glory." 
In a time of ingathering like this, 
however, it is to be expelled that 
fomc chaff will remain with the 
j wheat. ** Let not him that gird* 
eth on his harnefs boafl himfelf, as 
lliethat puttethit off." Itbecomes 
j all thufe who enter the ChriiHan 
v.arfare, to remember, that the 
' promife of falvation is to him, 
** that endurcth unto the end ;" 
j and, that the fame grace, which 
: at tirfl called them, is requifite 
; to their perfeverance. " The 
. fi uit of the fpirit," faith tlic apof- 
i tie, *' is in all goodnefs, and 
I rigliteoufoefs and truth i" and, 
" every man who hath" the Chrif- 
tian ** hope in him, purifieth him* 
felf, even as he" who is llie au- 
thor of it, " is pure." 

The condod of thofe, who at- 
tended «eVi|^iiau& coT\tc(<.T\cc'^ ^^^ 


KvnAlif niigitK h Lamu 


f£imt$, ttii, for a time, appear 
t> be fcticufly iniprciTcdtbut af- 
w.Ltds, reiurned toiheir foimei 
lu|jidi[y, forcibly remlndi mc of 
ht. i.x{e of one mentioned in Mai 
hew xii. 45. " The Jaft Rite 
t thii m-in" (aid the Saviour, 
' is worlc ihin the firlt." 
The eondition of tjiofe who le- 
d uniformly c&icieri and in- 
«enti7e while lie goingi of Cod 
nre To lillble amonj; i;e, appean 
be 11 ill more dargerous and dc- 

Itii CKprcfsiy forriold in ihe 
acred Tolntnc, tlwl, " in the UA 
!»y», f^offeri IJiall come, walking 
' " U.A." To ihofe 

>t fmUt i cbira^ci — thafe who 
ipenly and bitieily ofpofcd ihis 
Jefftd «oik, and riditultd erery 
bifig a( 1 Icfiuus nature, it u to 
>• fiared that noLliinp rtpaiuti 
' ■" mlul louWng far 
'f jiu'g/n^nia )(td ficiy indigoa- 

hood, and in die faiae (anTdieti 
wen greatly liUtrnlIed in mind, 
wiUiout knowing the ft-dings of 
each other. Some fucb, who 
had erir before been <xircinely 
inattentive W divine ihingB and 
mod IhamefijUy ignorant of the 
truth; of Tevelation, were now si> 
ble in ahtlletime 10 fjiuk of the 
depiaTity of the buoian bear^— - 
ihc nature of Hn — the bametot 
holincfi-— the pUn of filTaiioii bjr 
CbritU-in flion, of all tfca do6i 
tnnci. duties and indiiutiou of 
t)i<. Chriftian fyftem with a ptofiR*' 
eiy, which wai truly aAoni&tBg. 
The Apoflle knew what he Ctii, 
when having the gofpel dirpn)&- 
tiun in »iew, hefpake thefe ibodO- 
rtblewords— "Wehare this a cafun 
in earthen velTeli th-t the cxceUai' 
ey of the p uwer aiy be of C«di 
uid nni of uj. >' A Paul, d*-- 
vintly infpi ted will plant, aadl^ 
ApoUos, wtth (lie moll c 

QMI^ A ^m of Femin pnycr i 
ad fiip^tation Icnned to be given , 
Acm i isdi " u foon m Zion tia- ' 
Mikd, (be brought forth children." j 
1iAdeth«refbie[it[.relCngchri[>lat;s i 
GMriwae togrievcrhe Haly Spirit, ' 
«WB-«he; exhibit evidence of 
■Kh kaiinef«ofroui,andof much . 
GoUocfi and ftupidity in the dif j 
Anfc «f incntnbept duty, thej 
■■I OMctMt little reafon to ruy<i>ofe 
V of dinoe griCi: i) near 

^^ Snch I Tcnval of religion , 
aw flrikiiigt]' evince) the impor- . 
l^evnrall the tn^ans of grace 
^kbO«ibuhinItituted. Whtn I 
tlftK tbe ancBtion of a people is ' 
lalj called u)) to the ct'n:ern3 of 
itl'Uoli how prcciou!, in t/tfir , 
V^anfcafor.iti^rpnycr How < 
■neiout is God's hul\ luUmth — ' 
l^iDlUlitlydt) ii'.cylly lo the tu- 
il^^--faow higMy do th^y prize cv- 

a" •pcjuunity to get religious iu- 
SioD, and to aflbclaieuith the 
■Hide of God K<r fcriuus confer 
mioial How- lir-At wouU he the 
tfb^ of fa'.U. if they u-src, at 

fedepriTt.'li of all opportunity 
a the cli..r^.lcr of Qgd— to 
«fRre tight vi^iV) of tliuir own 
wval (hne — ..r.'i, of -,hc gcfjiel 
U of tlvaiion ; Cud v/orkf b>- 
■BU* in dis N.M-u.', us well us 
■Mini world. They-c ceccfT'. 
' w oonocAed wiih ihc end. 
'(nitb cximelh by hearing, »nd 
IfeRagbythewuidof Gou." 
■'^ The appearance of the peo 
Aw'du* place, -■•■-- — "'•••- 

(wakening, wili enable 
^ to thfl telhiKony of OtlrL-i 

e oi the 

tth- , 

n £'.-ne 

Ijtol bceo aitcnd<.d with r.vCi k- 
ivUble retnl-niy. t-'-d v.-ni 
MUcaily in tiiv "Aiil find! 
[," N.« MMi fiiij, in 
mlar, aboi:t drcjn; and vif' 
— ^tearing unufu:!! voices and 
ig uncomnion HjjIili. No cx- 


travsgance, cither in geftnrcs, o# 
O'ji-cries, appeared. No wild en- 
thufiafm attended ihe revival in anf 
Ihgi of it. 

J. Amoftj thofe in this town 
i»'t,o hive been awakened tii attend 
to religious truth, a rema:kable il- 
nilbrmiiy has occurred relatin to 
the iloftiines which have been em- 
braced. Thefe are fuch as are ufii* 
Kl!ytemiedfd/»i(iij?;.-. Suchtniths, 
*S thtr total and awful depravity of 
the human h.;art — the neceflity of 
regeneration ; or, a change of mor- 
al taftc as a prcp;irat;on for the eo- 
jiiynicnt of a holy heaven — the 
en;iiijrdf ihe d'rrineUwin its fen- 
ahy, aswtU as /r.*K/ri— the divine 
fiirercis.ny in the (alra-.ion of fin- 
ner«, »; the onlv poffible grii.nd 
of hcijie in the c:i(<- of a guilty o& 
fender-— the neceflity of gofpcl mo- 
rality as an evidence of jollifying 
faiih^^rtnd alt the dudrines el- 
f;nii.itly conneflcdwiih ihefc,were 
readily received by all *■ with one 

6. It is worthy of notice, that 
the revival of religion in this town 
hi; pi'jvfd to be almoft a J.aih- 
TOflim' to tlw vain amufcraBdts of 
yonng i*.-o;lt. An attempt to ef- 
t»l>lilh a dancing-Tchool among us 
la th; t'mr of the late fpceiil at- 
t;nti'in to~rel!g!on was rendered 
n.-jily *K>riivi ; and, lli: youth IB 
gtr.cralaicftill vuy remsriablefor, 
fibriety. Many uf them are rea- 
dy tt uTknowlidgc inlbnt'y, that 
iliej liive dirivcd more rnhftainial 
enjoyment in oil k-jar of leli^jtotw 
v.'orfliip anj corrrrfaiicn, than an 
•■Urn'-'^ \v<'u!d afTor.i thtm ir> the 
f-;fi::t cf feMifh gratifications. 

7 One dlilii'siiifhed feature of 
this work .is it.[-j.carecIiimoii2 us, 
and e'f=iviic'e, according to the 
nairiiiivc^ which have been ptiblifh- 
cd. is humility. The fubji.a$ of 
this revival, who have ^2\ft*wvt.i Sk 
Chriflian ho^,\r»e.'i«;i^W\Wit^ 


XoKMrh tm 1 ffmnti. vu. tS. 


■ppeaTcd te be humble, and to wilk 
fuftly before (heir Mjker. Id eicw 

of the drrine pcrfcdion!; and re- 

^uircmtnli, ihey liav^, at timf», ex- 

prelTed grcitfelf-jhhjrttnce. ThU 

has been one Hiiking effid of the 

.uon of ii>c divine 

ipirit, OR the heart! nf (inners, id 

every age. We find thai " God 

.net hii grace arc ftilt tlie fame ;" 

nd, that Iriir religion ii [he fatiK 

hing, in all the leal fjhjcfls cf it. 

Did « true knowledge of God, 

id Job to '■ abhor bimfilf and 

rcpentiu dull and a<hes" — Ilk- 

' 'i ta exclaim, " I am undone, 

:aufi: I am a man of unclean 

["—and Jeremiab to fmite upon 

(high ard confefs hit (hame — 

J the Pvblican to fraitc upon bii 

■ift, fiTing, " God be mi^mfixX 

mc a fiiiner"— and Paer to fidi 

*n, faying, '■ depau from mc, 

I am i finful man, O, Lord"— 

.nd Pad 10 exclaim, " O. wrcteji- 

to the frienda of Jelut in dificKni 
pans of our land and world. 
I am. Gentlemen, 
very refpeftfollyi 
yours. Sec. 

Samuel SHErAtS. 
Lenox, (Mi.) May 7, i8ot. 

Mtji'itt. EoiTOii, 

SHOULD you judge dx 
followirg obfenrations ftom 1 Cor. 
vii. 16. and the fubfcquent narf j- 
tiie which « a real fjfl, and the 
remarlct fubjoined, to be wortbf 
of a place in your Magazine, you 
are deCted to give them an inler- 
tion, and oblige a friend to your 
mod ufeful publication. 

" For aiBai kna'jiiji thou virfi 
whtlhsr ihoujhall favt dry Aij/l 

TT it very plain from the canoec- 
lior in which theft word* 


RtmariioH i Ctratlh. rii. I& 


hbbcait, ami bringing him to gea- 
liiic tepaatafice andCnal fahrauon ? 
ToftatCpkecdin this Gtuntionby 
dmae ptoridencc. White you 
koth were finDcn God had mercy 
«■ jren t ud now, how knoweft 
Ihaoj fast he has brought yon into 
dn rdatioa for the very pui^oicof 
adciiig your Chriflian exenioDS 
opcnte for hii fpirituil good \ 
Tbcjlnrcljiiinfibe to him moft 
ysvcifBl meant of cooriAiaD ; 
Md if to, ytn haTe great mfbn 
H ksfe lliq may be rendered cf- 
Cocma. Andnencc let no cod- 
filmtiaD indiKe yoa to leave htm, 
7 ke i* difpolcd to abide, and ful- 
ftAr fatia of an httlband. The 
fipc,prenftlTtBi>ybe addrefled to 
AcboieviBg haibud, concenuDg 
til onbcKeving wife. 

Tbde idea: beiog plainly held 

■p b) the text, afford Tery great 

fAcouragcmcQt to perfoDf placed in 

be circumlluicet. From caufes 

womnnerous ti) mention it isa {»&, 

AumiJcinidesinaChrifHan coun- 

trf ate Lnequally conncAed, in the 

■arricd Aatt, with companioni 

icfiitvtc oi vyx piety ; and while 

&b ibc cire, and Jtli to Itfn, it 

iia iovrce d the htQwfi ofi'iBien, 

ikhoBgh ilic pirtner, in ereiy oth- 

m tdpeft, ii agreeable and truly 

^cacd. Not to fpcak of the 

dnod unriiTmauntable weight of 

ftctow whi^bii added, when the 

■kUcTCt ii highly difobli^ by 

■Bpon, ard uaplea&Bt in hi) car- 

iff/t otfacrwifi:, let the obfcrra- 

(■SMpply to the molt cKgible con- 

ttm the circiimflaDcei can admit. 

While the bclicrer from day to 

fcy, fccl^ the ittraAioDs of hca*- 

Wf thiiEi and the fwceti of com- 

•a with God : He, or JhC) 

s panne in thefe joyi. The 

I Riend ig unafieAed, unio- 

(di and wholly occupied in 

TthinjiiaDd even trifles com> 

rd^. His mind, hii iho'ci, 


hii feeliosi are all camali wortdlyr 
and coo(huitly puHuing fomeun- 
fubflantial eanhly toys. He h» 
no ndilh for fcrioui fulnefks— of 
the dcLghts orreligion he knowa 
nothing-— he has no fpiiitnal taftct 
by which the invifible realtie* 
uJwaTcn. delight bim — no, the 
odori of Faiadife diffufed through 
divine tiutht do not regale Um— 
when hi* dear friecd openi the 
bean-fch pleafnrcs of devotion— 
the jovi of holy contemplatioD 
upon ttie Safionr of linneri, and 
hit wondrous methods of gracCt 
be fiu mutCi or replies fo wide 
from the iurrentof her views and 
wilhes, as demonfhatei hit unap- 
rehenGon of what Aic has {aid. 
fame incapacity to jdn in ho- 
, ly joys or follows, or in whatever 
the heart is mofl interefted, ofcart 
atueafinglj. This brings on a bur- 
den upon her foul which utterly 
liirpafles defcription. jind v>hal 
I can ieJone t Ihall they part? TKn 
is forbidden. But how can th« 
j heart endure its folitudc, in fa dear 
a cocneAion, and be foiled In ev- 
ery piov) fociil joy ? How can i* 
, endure its temptations to (in from 
■ worldly purfuits, in order to pleafc 
I an unJan 5tifit;d taftc, in bei pait- 
nef^^r how can it roainiain tho 
chcerfuliiefs fuiublc to the Chdf^ 
tian life, or difchaigc its duties i 
The anfwer to ill thcfe queries is, 

Mit/ein ihe /flril ! lieft and truj 
in Ctld.—^Iie kind and pintle to your 
fritr.d I contUfimd and abtige him 
to the utmifi af year povttr in all 
lawful ihtBgttaad pray far intfouL 
The kind Julia, who lived in 
this Ctualion, in one of the larger 
towns inihis Hate, felt all the ener- 
gies of pure religion for her dear, 
yet unbelieving hufband. But 
what could flie do ? He was bred 
to feafaring bufinefs, and a com- 
plete man of the world. LilcA 
too many who ■^•Sa. Eorc*^ \|*n&. 

A-M/ipij (R 1 Caiimi. n. ■<.' 


.□d fee huw-Jie fjlbmable wotlil 
iTC, be fa lighi. by the purl 
if grwt jirice. He mvcr prare<f 
n hu fjiniilv, (it rcrivwilj- thoAked 
he gi»=r ci( In diih bresd. He 
iiTiKiatcd luiifdt' niih fiich a^ fuii- 
id his owa ca(l of mindiaitci^nt 
lu whole time m the mere ac^ui- 
itioo of wail'Jiy tresiiiTri- Sume- 
imes, thaugfa r,ot l^cidily he ymii- 
id o» i»ert(i the boufe of God on 
lie liilibi.Ji uid attefi<l*il puUic 
vorSup witli dicmey.— But *fier- 
KBTd wai bef) pleajcd in Tpending 
he nmtintler of the diy> iQ <=uB- 
crfing apnn bufinels— ^eitiog aad 
ehcwtln^rhc public news or amU' 
ing bimli-lf foine way wiiti his ai- 
bciaies, wi:h wbuni he n)i|Iit 
i»pp«n to lallin company. He 
ru lund u> hii Julvj. and nercr 
ilkwod himfclf to {p<iik. difiefpcj^ 
uiiy oi' leligiao in hir prcfoncc ; 
it Teemed to yield it rrve;_'nce 
irety for her bke. H^: would 

[lotti tStirt beeimc deruijed aad 
erabam^d. Theft things ah«r- 
ed no: the aitnnl vi;;or of tlti f|>i^ 
in— ihey nrily icuxidiiccfl a tes- 
pcifarv s't*^")! which finooV l4 
thit fortow of the wmrtd wttdr 
work* d*Mb i nrd then bopedf 
anendiient woolJ itrive faiot.' 
Nearly iwa yexn rlljiTed IB lUr 
fituacion, when lu> eutnpbinu is* 
cresfcd upon hin> very moteno^ 
ThroD};h ibi; bear, tke kind Jih> 
ba, vM doubly at«eini«< M dl 
hi* eeMlEiNi, bv nif^ ""'^ 
day — DO endcirhg oCce ia kw 
power dcxpeil Irr ; aod bAm 
whila »dniir.i(l''fwg(bios rat1rriiin|| 
cordiili, flte would tnmKtaCt dMt 
balffl of the g'^Tpel, aui difiwwlk 
to him upou reii^ton. f& MF 
fcrmrdi.ifomc mMnn wbe ttfoU 
cA to inf^Aina ; bn ihltvUall. 
She exheited him ro prayt baf 
no, iliii tin a butin«fs 10 wMd» 
had .i:tcnd'.-d. He- ttf 


iRifoarisOtt t Corhuh. viL iff. 


The ftU eomridioD of duty fo rufh- 
cd i^on her mind as to be irrefift- 
■faleU— She refblved to return to 
him and difmiTs fear* and introduce 
Ae inpreffions fhe had felu — In- 
flaadjr (he arofe, and went and 
BdU him her heart.— -He confented 
and (he kneeled down by his 
hed-fidey and breathed out her 
IcMi to God for himy and herfelfy 
vkh tears of penitcaccy humility 

redgncd to the will of heaven.—- 
Though he is deprived of the priv- 
ilege of converiing with his fnends, 
we can judge of the feelings of 
his heart by his fighs and tears. — 
In the midfl of trials, we can (ing 
of mercy, as well as judgment." 
Since this apparent change I 
have frequently cJled at his houfe, 
and although exceedingly debilita- 
ted, tJie fprings of remaining life 

and aftdion, through the gloiious { fecm to be abforbed i.i religious 
Icdeemer. This fccnc took hold meditation and joy in God. — He 
of him nx)ft powerfully. His ! never fufFers an opportunity to pafs 
whole foul DOW began to tremble ; without dcfiringto join in prayer — 
S}rhis future exigence, and his and he is often fu carried out in the 

farance before his judge. His joys of tliis cxercife as to be una- 
were fet in order before him. ble to command his feelings witli- 
Iblemn fcene of hearing his in the common bounds of niodera- 
^Ka pray was repeated — imd con- tion. — This frame of mind has 
iMiedat proper fcafons. But who now been fo habitual to him for a 
cui exprcfs fufficicntly the glory length of time as convinces all who 
aodgiatitiidedue to fjvereign grace, have opportunity to be in his com- 
er the joy among {'iuts and angels, pany of iis divine reality. 
le hear that in a lliuu time, thcfc \ The encouragement held out \n 
adcDt prayers were moll graciouf- | tliis example to ;ill who are phiced 
fc anfwercd — Ne^otio is r^'vivcd \ in fimilar coi.r.eftions is cxcced- 
ffmit fpiriiual death — -fdhtTtfijd by ingly great. It (hcv/s fujm re;>l 
i|r Hofy Spirit-, cr.d rrjoJiis in a fa£l how (h ong rcafon ihcre is, to 
^ItS grmmded bcpe of a ghricus e- hope that GoJ will blci'?; the cn- 

The pious Julia wrote mc (ince 

diitook pLiCC, and by her indul- 

I am perniltttu to ufc her 

words, as follows — " Who 

cxprefs the fatisfadion th:(t 

Ilek on account of his earncllly 

fieking for that happincfs v^hick 

cuooibc found in earthly comfcris. 

I continually breaihcJ f.Tth my 

defiresto heaven for him, he 

■ig^tbe brought out of darkncfs, 

■to God's marvrlloas i'ghr. And 

-1 have « hope, that my pr.'iycTS and 

leara hare not been unnoMced by & 

■ercifttl God, who hasdiledhim- 

ftlf c God hsaring prayer. My 

itrnr fri'^d I humliy hope is a clAiJ 

0f God^^vi dtfires andfecliv^' ap- 

£ar to be ihofc of a peni['.:it — 
e ii patient under affli^cns, and 
Vot- IL No. ^ 

deavors uf thof , who afhially 
fulfil their diit/ in the maniape re- 
lation, tor the filvation ot their 

unbclicvtn:» ooir./inions. The 

writ'.i cannot forbcai to ur;;^ rpon 

all beiicvipj* h'-ifbuicls and wives, 
the fol-mn and :.pdeaiing duties 
which rhcy owe to their urncncw- 
cd friends in the following nartic- 

1 . Your Chi iftian profcflion and 
marriage vu-vs require of you that 
vou love therii as vout fcl ves. This 
i.-nplicii \\\,\i you Itudy and endeav- 
or 10 promote th'Mroici.teft happi- 
nefi in thi . lifi, and the future— 
that in the kindert m?nner poiTible 
■on try to pLnlvj t'.u»m in ail laNvt'ul 
thing*:, P.I d render their lives com- 
tcrr.ible — .I'ld rh it \ou join with 
them ix3 i;;cli\ pr r;ci ten ^Swtvt WAs« 


Liff ef iht Rn.'. Samu.-I BtaH. 


iSer of Cbrift, Nmbiiig c»n h= 
moie nSbftinJite thui the lerms 
in which Mr. BraincrtI is cfien 
meotiooed, in the Doflor's pri»aic 
writings ; ajid he hris frequently 
been heard to lay, ihai there wis 
no oihei man to whom be ever 
could To frcdy open his heut, and 
with wbom he enjoyed fuch fWeei 
and elevated Chntban (ellowfttip. 

Tht pro6cieni:y which he made 
ID his collegiate itiLdies evidenced 
theflrengcl) of his mind, and the 
iatcnffnefs cf his application. He 
received the honors of CollcgCi and 
took his firll degree Scpl. 1 741. 

Upon this, his inieniion was 10 
have fjjtnl .1 nunibef rf ywf* with 
Mr. Erfwirdiot Northampton, af- 
tenijrds Prcfident of the College 
3t Prhueion, iji theological Dudics- 
preparatory to the mlhilii-y. Bttt 
irora the peculiar rtatc of tilings, 
and llic fpei:ial call for icali 

linucd fo till about a fortniglit af- 
ter. Mr. Buell preached, fiom 
day to day, almoA every day, mM 
the meeting- ho ufe, (I haTingl'.ft£3| 
him ihe fiee liberty of my puhiit^ 
hearing of his denRned vi'lit beloitl 
I went from home) and fpcnt zt>l 
mcift the whole time in rcligionl 
exercifes witii the people, othepf 
in public or private, the people cob** 
tJnualiy thronging him. There 
were very exttaiidinary cSk€v of 
Mr. Bueil's lubors ; the pcopk 
were exceedingly moved, ciying 
oui, in great numbers in the meet- 
ing-houle, and great pari uf ihe 
congregation conimonly fiayineiD 
ibc hcufc of God for hours afiei 
the public fctvice. Mary, allOr 
were cxcecdirgl) niovtd in privile 
meetings where Mr. Buell wu j 
and almof) the whule town fetmed 
to he in agrc^tand rontinual con- 
t, day and night ( >nd [belt 


Life of the Rlv. Samuel Sue!/. 


capacity, he was indefitigablc in 
hborsy and alfb fignaily own^d ot' 
JRod as the indrumcnt cf the »- 
Ltming and hcpjful converll'..:i 
nuiiitudes and of hniMing 
ikints in their muif holv 
It may not be iruprop- 
obfciTe here, that as he went 
P. wider the patronage of minif- 
of note, and \va3 careful to 
according to thtir prudent ad- 
and a)w;iys carried with him 
^ktf and ample tcdimonials, he 
recciTcd in many places and 
ted to many pulpits, from 
others, Itfs delicate, in 
Trfjie^lSf were excluded. — 
Buell alu'ay*: difapprovcJ 
tf IJhe TiifhTicrs, and imprudence 
ttbme of the friends cf the work 
tf'Godi as well as ilw unreaf )n- 
life Opp4){jti.)n of (ithcrs who 
Alight lefs favorjirly c f it. 

Dnriog this period his hcriltli 
much imp.kircd ; anil i".* v^.ts 
id wiih dar.ofcroiislVrvitonis 


CO&runipti^^i:. Hj \v '. w.t- 

rly cxcrciftd, about thistiin.', 

a fcvere fi: of fi. kn.r-, i. !' f.- 

jnonths criiiiiLViianv:: ; wiii. li 

[agreat mcaljic cuio'.f :!^. !t-.;'..s 

t.himicif a'lil !v? :'ii»:r;<l-. :'r' to 

continuance of liis h.v. li 

;d God bv thus fb^kir » him, 

thei:i.ivv, to j-ut hi.; Turfji'..! 

O 'I I _ _ 

(Ion to the [(.it, and hr.;>pi]y it 

the trial, llch^ J»ccr li'.ard 

if vith iv/i!i:!i ^;.i-.*..u(i.. .\i:d 

tion, of tlr: iriuni])]...<ii f.iith 

enabled tu cx.Tcii., u'.dcr 

HiJSiAion — ihL' jov aiui pvaci. 

he had in b-jli'vin-.;.. anii the 

Inefs v.'j:h win:!', ha J 't 

the will of God, he could 

deprtricd to be wiih Chrill. 

itpleafcd G'ui, uhj had fur- 

(ervicc fu7 him in tirj cimrch 

lie him up» ar.d give him much 

r health tiun before. After 

the labors of liis miniiterial 


couiic wcrj r:.ri,iy interrupted by 
bodily indifprlliion. 

It uvsa iiirc6ion of providcnc?| 
in fume r^-fjK'ft*, cxtraordiiia:y, 
which brought him (ud ro Ekit- 
f^ampton. That congregation 
was now in a broken (late, having 
been difapDointcd in their attempts 
to fti'.tJj fcveral Candidates. In 
refped to tlic laif a council was cal- 
led to ordaiiihint. Of this Coun- 
cil the Rev. Mr. Burr and oilier 
mini iters from Ncw-Jtrfey were 
members. Upon the meeting of 
the Council the people were found 
fo much divided, that they did not 
think it piudcnt to proceed. And 
when tliofe, who were defirous of 
the ordination., iirgcd among other 
arguments, fur it the great pains 
diey h^d rxken and cxpenfe they 
had been at co obtain a minifter, 
Mr. Burr and the other miniflers 
from Ncw-Jeifey leplied, "that 
tl'.LV Ihould be at ;io further trcu- 
ble, that iht;y v.LuJa tiike it upon 
I hem u) jvf.d :!:t:v a j-i^.'.cher who 
WDuId iK .^:;-4.'.I ." Soon aftir 
thir. Mr. J. ■. ii aii'vcJ. in N'.-.v- 
T(.ili.v, on !'■; •■. iv to lit foutIi'.»"n 
Ibi'V, rtroiiim'^rdoti lirm Nc .v- 
Kr.i;! '.•:'! — and, hj :hj i:Vportu:ii- 
IV Oi* i!,i.ij niiriiiUrs !ie was prc- 
\jil(J •:]•■.)(. w ujrn his i'ourle and 
vif-r ¥..".[ H.;m;»t. :;. His lahci^ 
P'l.v li a •.••.;jt .bie. H: icceiv'/d 
a prelii.-;* invitauon fjum the rA:> 
pie to fv-iilc witli ihtm in the min- 
litry ; and, afier fuitabk time for 
(ijiih'.Tadon and pr.-.'ei, accc;>tcd 
the call, and was inlKdbd, as 
their Paflor, Sept. 1 9, 1746. 

in this rc.i.ejiKnt he dcvrtcd 
hinifi-lf, \.'i h j;reat aidor, to his 
(hidies. Thu'.i.p Do^or Bucll 
always cr.r.-r.a:.".^d a hi^h cpinion 
of the fjeciai aiil of tlu fpirit of 
God, in preaching ind other pp.rts 
of minifterial duty, yet he by no 
means thought lightly of that 
furniture for th^ nuxaflx^) v;\ivi\:w 

I »5» 

i' »e(juirtd by Cindy. On the eon- 

■irary he c(mrvtii.rcd it u of j,rMi 

■imponance ; and was noi fwsfied 

Iwith ordinary meafurc! of it hira- 

■fclf. Hu picfcm fiiuition. n«. 

IwithitandiBg fhearncaiiom of pa- 

■ lochul duty, cum]iircd witli the 

mfcttlcd ftise ht liid been in be- 

:, afforded many jdvaotajes for 

linletlecluai inip[Ovcint:nc. I'hcTe 

HadTantjgci vcic improved wiih 

licliaffiduity andheearly obcain- 

|cU iht- chjr;iif\cr of a lepmablc 

ivine, as well a« powerful pn.ach- 

r. AsaninfUnccof Lheunifarm- 

y <j{ his application, at the cloC: 

lof a aumber of the fiift yean of 

Ihi' minillry ii is noted. "Thi» 

■year iuvc wriiteti all my fcnnont, 

land preached iikemwiihumnote«<" 

■A favorite v/urki which lay upon 

|hi» bandi For a number of years, 

c uffna ths prophecies 

Bwhicti he intcniicJ far ihr public. 

IDui Bifhop Newton 'iDilfiTiaiiuns 

Bu|ion ilut fubjefl coming out about 

Lifief ibfXtv. Samail BuiJl. 


the cntrary he encouraged ihcni 
to cxpecl rejoiced when 
they were difpofed to receive it. 

He always entcnajned a deep J 
fenfeof the folema naiuieandctw-*! 
oefiions of the mitiiRerial office i 
and the (acred obligations of all 
who fuAain it. His mtniftntioni 
were uiiially pcrfcrmed uoder a 
wrigh'y firnfe of invifible and eter- 
nal things. AsatitntTanceof thi«, 
he notes, at a certain time, « Thi« 
day preached before the Supreme 
Court, in iht prefnue vf ihr great 
G«d," In the vaiious biancbet 
of paAoral duty he was diligent 
and faithfiil. " He watched for 
fouls, as OBC who expefled to girc 
account." In prcacliinfj thewoid 
he was abuncUni. liwas commoa 
with him, in addition to his fined 
labors on the LordVd ay, to preach 
once or twice, and in times of fye- 
cial attention much oftencr, in the 
courfe of the week The doc- 
which he t 


Mmonklons from the death-bed. 


more recentlyt for years together, 
be le^faired to them in the Acade- 
myf erery week. He was Ckilful 
wk couaiclliog fuch- as applied to 
him mder fpiritual trouble ; and 
iD adminiftering confolatioD to the { 
diibcftd, of every defcription ; 
ud to fuch offices he was always , 

(To k continued.) 

Admo ni t iom t from the Death*Bed. 

(CoDtinued from p. no.) 


Miss'rs Editors, 

IT has often been obferved that 
the greateft degree of error 
aad ftupidity* concerning mprsA 
obligation and duty, and a ftate of 
ictrftntion in the world to come, 
iifimnd in certain perfons who have 
been the fiibjedts of ferious impref- 
ioBty and 1^ long reiifting their 
tVB confciences and the drivings 
of God's fpirit, have provoked 
lin to leave them to their own 
Hhdnrfi and lufts. As a wara- 
■f to others I have tranfmitted to 

the following inftancc. 

A nun, who poflcfled reafon 

■d iagacity above the common 

fraportKin, and about the age of 

dkrty» fell into fuch a Aate ot* de- 

Uky as rendered him incapable of 

■idi attention to builncfs. Bc- 

Smc this he had difcovercd an inor- 

attachment to property, and 

ed neither diligence, nor kit, 

parGmony to obtain it. His 
ftate was called hypocliondrikc by 
ittiiiei;^hb9rs, for a certain rccluic- 
ndi of temper prevented his cum- 
ttmicating to them iliC diflra^ling 
•fccEng^of Lismind. When he was 
M ibis il^ce, I dccuicnially paHcd 
i^yin his ccinprr.y. Afters 
convtifdiiou I difcovcred 

s of ti WGu:^lcd confciencc, 

told him my fuljucicn, that his 

whole diforder proceeded from 
anxiety on fpiritual accounts. 
Finding I had detedltd his feelings, 
he made a frank acknowledgement 
it was the cafe, but foKcit^ that 
it might remain a fecret with me. 
He told me of fundry times in his 
pad life when, for (hort feafons, 
his confcience had continually ac- 
cufed him. He had feen himfelf 
to be a (inner, if there was any 
truth in the fcriptures, and he 
dreaded an appearance before God 
as the mod awful of all events ; 
ftill he could not bear to think of 
another kind of life, and of part- 
ing with thofe worldly dcfigns 
which had governed his pad con- 
duct. He (aid he had been many 
months in this fituation, and fome- 
thing continually (bunded in his 
ears, that he was a iinoer, that he 
mud die and come into judgment, 
and without another date of heart 
mud be mifcrable ; but, added he, 
" I cannot part with my worldly 
' fchcmes. I mud again be a roan 
' of buOnefs ; I have jud laid a 
' foundation for fuccefs, and if I 

* give way to thefc. , apprchenfions 

* there is an end of my profpedls. 

* This I own to be the caufc of all 
' my gloom, and if I could pu: 

* another wcildand my own prep- 

* aration for it out of fight, I 

* (hould agiin be a happy man." 

I immediately perceived, that 
altho preHcd widi fame convi<5lion 
of the truth, he was contending 
with one who will prevail. I fet 
before him the danger of rcfiding 
fuch inipreffions ; the folly of pre- 
ferring an avaricious life of gain to 
the immonal intcr:ft;> of hisfuul ; 
and the fupcrlor v^ ifilom of fubordi- 
natini^ all our worlJlv labors, views 
and hcpcs to our Lternal well-be- 
ing. I cnJc«ivortd to (hew him 
his ::uc: Itavj, his need of another 
Ijcari, ilic v^aiirtCT in \\vs V>^:\vvo^\<^^. 
to ;i :ncLi vul):*ou3 b\iiiducb accv^ v 


eternal miiery. After much fol- 
einn conTcHation we parted. 

Nearly a year from ihii time we 
Iiad another opportunity for free 
difcourfe. It was fought by him- 
ftlf with an evident defign to con- 
front and teproacn me for the ex- 
hoitatioo I had gircn hiiD with the 
moft friendly intention. I inftant- 
ly fiW that his fcrioufnefi was de- 
parted, and his eonfeience feared. 
By hii ourn account, he continued 
fevera] months longer in that ftate 
of apprehenfion and rcfiffance to 
the truth which has been defcribed, 
■when he cime to the ralh opinion, 
that^ie whole of his paft feelings 
were but a hypochondriac gloom. 
and fupported himfcif bfl the fol- 
lowing atgumenti "You know 
' that hypochondriacifm is a falfe 
* troa^nalion of the mind ; and 
' witMn one week after I detefted 
ny folly in being fi) 

^JinOBilhnt from the Jealh-hJ. 


thJB, was fuch IS might be expefl- 
cd from his principles. Riches 
were his idol. His parlimony pre- 
ferued him from licenciovi excefs. 
Honeft men dcteficd the principles 
by which they f^w him to be gov- 
erned. His unprincipled afibci- 
aies wer« afraid to fall under hif 
power. There was fomething ia 
bis counienance indefcribable that 
ra irked him for another Cain, 
and while many throuch ceceffity 
reforted lo bin for affiftance, there 
was not a man on earth who lorcd 
him. Faffing over fewml para Ol 
his condnfl, which evidently pro- 
ceeded from an endeavor to ciafe 
from his mind a fenfe of moral ob- 
ligation, of tin, and a ftate where 
impenitetit finners (hall receiwi s 
reward according to tlieir deeds, I 
(hall now come to his de;ith-bed. 
A juft Proyidmee forbad hira a 
long (hie of d^cay is a (eiSaa of 

l86l0 A ktterfrm a Father h hit daughter. 


fifaone of ceafing to exift it death 
beaune his terror. . '< And have I 
' BOWf" faid lie* '' done whh ex- 

* iAenoe i Shall I prefently ceafe 

* to chinitt to Fee, to fee) ? Am I 

* 10 exill but a few iDoments filled 

* Mfc paiBi and then He down to 
■^kaotfaiD^ fbrerer ? I am pained 

* fivr the frahs of ray labor ; I have 
'hbored for nothing; I cannot 

* bid £utweU to the earnings of 
' lb many years." 

Od being told b^ one who had 
Mt known hia previous opinionsi 
-fitt fie eertainly fhouldejuft* and 
fttt the fiiture being of men was 
iadicated by nature, and made fure 
tyj criptara J evidence, anafpe^of 
SB greater horror fettled on his 
fionnteDancey and after a paufe of a 
nmnte he replied : '^ If thofe 
• fcrip t a r es are true, eternity will 
' be more dreadfnl to me than the 

* bff of betog. I will not believe 

* them ; yet how dreadful the idea 
^ of finking into eternal thought- 
«le& night!'' Thisftruggleqffecl- 
iif hflcd hot a few minutes, before 
iUb iniferable man either funk into 
Ik eternal fleep which he dreaded, 
or opened his eyes in an eternity 
jjlfiia more dreadful ! ! ! 

. 8och are the dying comforts of 
iapictyl Thus at laft will the ex- 
eoMS and pleas of irrcligion tcr- 
jienethofe who adopt them in their 
^Coquiet anaccufingconfcicnce, 
licfift the warnings of the ho- 
Ir^^irit who ftnves with men. 
fbis is a fearful example of that 
IBndnefs into which many are left 
jpdicudlyto fiiU through grieving 
AtiUrttof grace ! 


dIttUrfroma Father U^ lU Daugh* 


DsAft DAuoffTsay 

YOU mention in your's of the 
iich inf(. a tmii&of Mi. 
Vqi. IL No. 4- U 

Dickinfon upon the doArine of e- 
ledion in my polTeifion which you 
had formerly read and wifh for it 
with my opinion, meaning, as I 
(iippofe, on the iub)e<fl, and not re- 
fpeding the performance I have 
not the book in my pofleiGon at pre- 
fenty but will fend you fome of 
my thoughts on thefubjcdt. 

That the bible is of divine ori* 
ginal qr a real and true revelation 
from Heaven will not be denied, 
or doubted, by a perfon who fe- 
rioufly and impartially attends to 
the evidence in fupport of the idea 
or fuppofition. As it is, in ray 
apprehenfion, of the highefl im- 
portance to have this point fully 
eftablKlied in order to fcitlc our 
opinion and efbbliHi a belief of 
any do^rinc of revelation, I will 
give you a few of my thoughts 
(and I can do no more in t letter) 
refpeding the evidepce.we have in 
fupport of the truth of the. bible 
as a revelation, or rather, levela- 
tions from God. It is natural to 
begin with Mofes — Philofophy 
will teach us that there are very 
few, if any, original or innate 
ideas in the human mind, and ex- 
pjricncc will join to prove that* 
however fruitful the imagination^ 
the human mind does not pofFcfs 
ideas which have not hi J fome an- 
tecedent arche'ypes. Biit what 
was ihere to luggcit to Mofcs the 
hiiloiy he has given us of creation. 
He might, indeed, from tlie Aorka 
of God poifibly have traced out 
fome of the divine attributes vv'hich 
bv:loug to tlic Creator ; but if wc 
form an opinion on this point from 
the known and acknowledged iln- 
pidity, ignorance and grofs mi£> 
conceptions (wht^rc there are any 
at all) rcfpe.5^int; the exigence and 
perfc(5lions or* God, which pofIe& 
che minds of that part of mimkind 
not favored wlih dwW tcx<t\axvwk^ 
we (h<dl TX oiXwC coacVaAe v\idX^ 



a Father tu hit daughter- 


ideal of the aulliot of ti,iture— of 
that God wlio lie icUs us created 
the heaceni aod earth were folely 
matter of levelition. Be this as 
it may, what isiheririn natuici ia 
all the works of God which we 
fee, or which Mofet fiiw, which 
bat or then had the leafi conceiva- 
ble aptcefs or fitnefs to excilc in 
his mind one idc'a of creation ? 
And much lefs to fuggcfl the man- 
ae. or procefs iu wliich the work 
was carried on. But Isaftofall, 
ihe idea of dlvbe reft. Ail the 
iogenuity of the Deilt will leave 
the hiflory of the creation as givia 
by Mofei perfeflly unaccountable 
aod inconceivable on any other 
fuppoGtion but this, that God re- 
vealed it to him, or that he hid it 
trom thole to whom it had been 
ie»ealed before his day. 

The prophecies delivered fevc- 
ral thoufind years lince, which 

gainlf God, not fubjea to his !a«h 
nor C3n be. Stronger language it 
not to be found. Univerfal expe- 
rience concurs to fupport the fcrip* 
ture account of the matter. Tbe 
govetnmeoi of God and man a^ 

rat to have their foundation, ant 
think only foundation, in depram 
ity. Regulations might be ufefiili 
probdbly necefTary, to a fbcicty paw 
feiflly holy and vinuous, but coc^ 
cive aod penal laws could have an- 
ther place or ufc. The bible 
throughout fuppofcs and impljef 
the depravity of humaa luttanw 
the belt men have ever acluioi^ 
edged and Jamented it, the faiftof 
of the Jews gives ample proof ^a, 
but tlie molt finilhed, compleat 
proof is to be fuuod in the appoint- 
ment aod work of the Saviour.—* 
It is agreed that this depravity ha 
fixed its feat in the moral po«^ 
ers of the man principally t bol 

ftojJ] A htterjrm a Fatter H Ui dtmbur. 

life chanAcn flull require^ and 
|b ooiilcmieiice» affign to them 
viflty difierent portkmt. Salva- 
rioD then muft be wholljr of grace* 
mi k will follow thit God is a 
ftfCfCupt tnd has mercy on • whom 
k> wiU litve mercy. And the 
dJflrinc of Ele^on as given us in 
Ae bible will not only axn>ear to be 
Ml but the thing it&If neceflary 
'ildie&lvatitfi of any part of the 
cbUren of apoftate Adam. I 
Inegonet yon will fee. upon the 
Cfpofetion that all the divine adls 
■e icfiilts of divine counfel, or 
properly perhaps, of divine 
n ; a truth eafily demonftra- 
||^ botit will not be neceflary to 
^ tt. I am fenfiblcy objeAions 
le againft the doftrine I have 
to eftablilh ; one is that 
kiiiiTCOOBcileable with fome parts 
Itf the fcripture — and it is a bold 
nelbraptaous cavil. Is it poifible 
Wt eternal iinchan;;eable truth 
Ibdd declare inconfiilent things ? 
Vaft certainly it is not. That 
fcji iliould be difficulties attend- 
'^the do^ne ought not to be 
llMfidered as ground of ju(^ ob- 

En againft it. Every thing a- 
us» every thing within us pre- 
Bmnbcrlefs unfearchables — 
Aadant matter for difficuh inqui- 
ly md whichy indeed, will forev- 
di^point thebeA and mofl tho- 
human invefligation. In 
t live and move and have 
being. This implies the mod 
continual and univcrfal 
ce. This notwith (land- 
feel ourfelves pofTefTcd of 
the Uherty neceflary to render 
proper fuljcAs of divine com- 
and to make us accounta- 
fix all our conduA ; nor could 
lie a greater portion of liberty 
. we now enjoy. Apply this 
tfvation to thedodlrine of £lec- 
'i— i-Did ever any perfon feci 
j^any impaired by it ? Do not 


laints and finnert aft with equal 
freedom in chooltng their re(pedHve 
otjefts ? They certainly do. No 
man can come unto roe (fays a be« 
I nevolent Redeemer^ except the 
Father who hath fent me draw 
him. Did anyone in confequence 
of this drawing, ever perceive the 
leaft force or compulfion upon his 
mind ? Surely not. Tliat we 
fliort fighted creatures cannot per- 
ceive the confiftency of the prefent 
no folid ground of obje^ion againft 
it. On the like ground we might 
deny the poffibility of God's' ma- 
king a man. The fame objedlion 
will lie in its full flrcngth againft 
the moral government of Cod ; 
and will lead to downright fccpti- 
cifm ; and polEbly to that which 
is more to be dreaded, rooted un* 
belief. It ought to iatisfy us to be- 
lieve and know that God who fa- 
vors us with his revealed truths 
perfedly fees their connexion and 

It nuy be obferved here, with 
propriety, that could men clearly 
difcern the condflency, and fully 
comprehend the myfteries of re- 
vealed truths and dodlrines this of 
itfelf would remove a main pillar 
on which the fpiritual building reAs. 
It would weaken, it would deflroy 
one of the mofl fubftantial argu- 
ments we have to prove the truth 
of the fcriptures. Could men 
comprehend revealed truths in their 
iull extent and meaning, yvould 
they not immediately, and with 
appearance of reafon, (ay, is this 
the revelation which claims divine 
honors I There is nothing here 
above what the fagacity of a New- 
ton or a Locke might have difcov- 
ered. Thanks to God the fcrip- 
tures are divine, fublime, and in- 
comprehenfiblc ! Befides, we live 
by faith. What ground for faith 
could we fee every th\n^\ 


RtHpam hhlSgum. 

CO.r. I 

I The diAculty pliiiofopliic mtndi . 
W reljt^flirg ihc fcriptutei grows 1 
.u( (il i tatUfpYicatioo of theii 
afnfiiog pnweri mote than out of | 
ic oraclei tliettirclve). The | 
T provioLe of tcafon is to ex- ■, 
'Tidencc produced in 
_ jwii of the auibentjcity of the 
:iipture»- Having found thti ev- 
e fjtisfaflory, reafon lia: doiw 
lork.. We have then little 
o do bm hcliive jtid ob«y. 
eximination u-i!i take in botb 
itfrnal and exittaA evidence 
vine tniUi. ftod liaving found 
o abfurdiiy, the f:;Uimc trethiof 
c fart|nijrf« are lot to pifs the 
nv of caviliin^ worms and 
receive a coatempiuous rejec- 
Thii will aJT.ird yoxi a Ilri- 
kinp, tti^oo why oatwlief has itiitLi 
difpleafurc f(i pnintedly 
n it in liie goTjicI. God 
iveo US dear cxiiience of the 
of the fcripiufc*, and par- 

tants. If ypM tai yon love t« « 
God the rather for kis precioiM 
unfpeakable gift, to God Hie Sos j 
fiar hit matchlcfi love to fflan, to i 
God the Spirit fo( afloniAiioc ai4 - 
much abuied and defptCed Grace 
in aneflinc and l«n(iing a rebel 
madly purging the road lo niin, 
daily recusing an iftcrealiBg gtov* 
accompanied with greater aniim^ 
tion in duiyi warmer zeal for God 
and i;i ore operative benevolcKetS 
meti, rejoice and be ihankfiil. GiW 
him the praife to whom it is due | 
but don'i fori>ei that yoa maybe de- 
ceiaed in the view you ukt tf 
' yourfelf if you do not perecivetiiat 
humility iBcreafej in propeitiM 
to that glow of love 1 have ma^ 


Rdigwut IntelSginee* 


ptflia|n we mfty &yf tliit one great perfons. Were we fiowever to 
cm! of the exiuiDg of the church- ■ look on the MiiEon m this point of 
Clin America is, to fpread the ! view, we fhould conclude that noth- 
^ i o uf go^^el smong the heathens ing had been dcr.e to cry purpoTe ; 
iidieirTicinity, It is faid, << He j but when we compare the time of 
* due belicTethy tmt of his belly j our firft arrival with the prefcnt, 
*lali flow HTers of living water." j we cannot help concluding that 
The £iints individually are conver- ! fome very important ends have 
nd^ that they may woik for God* I been accompliflicd. Our firft land- 
ing was a formal taking poflcfEon 
of the country for God : it wa8 
fixing a colony in the flrongcft 
part of Satan's poflcilions. Since 
that we have been prefcrvcd and 
incrcafed infomuch that the coIo* 
ny which at fir ft confiftcd of only 
five grown perfons and five chil- 
dren, now confiAs of feven males 
and five women, evidently on the 
fide of God (iho death has remo- 
ved two of our brethren, viz. 
Grant and Fountain from us^ bc- 
fidcs the children in number fcven. 
God has alfo been gracious in the 
convcrfion of fomc Europeans,* 
and others. I'he language has 
betn acquiied — tl.c ;;'-ii.e] preach*' 
ed to many thouf..nd?, and the 
bible'jd into ihe Eenj,,^! 
Iani2iia«t : "jirt rt the Ncw-Ttlla- 
mcnt is printed, a'ld ihe vhole 
will b': fo bcfiirc you fet this. 
Seme luindrtds of copies <.f Mat- 
thew's Gofpt'l, and fome t^ihcr 
fmall pccics have I'Ccr difr'-buttd 
and read by many. The fjlK-m 
of Hindooifm begins totottci', and 
i?ven Bramans are in many inftan- 
ccs a/hamed to avow that their 
Shaftcrs are of divine criminal : fo 
that, notwithftanding ail cur dif- 
couragements, and all our want 
of fucccfs, wc are con ft mined to 
uy that the Lord hiis done great 
things for us ; and it is alfo in our 
hearts toc::pe^ greater. We are 
indeed rnther lircrgtheTed tliai* 
weakened, and though the much 
dcfircd fuccefs has been delavcd 
till now, yet wc arc all with one 

aid glorify him ; not merely that 
Af^maygo to heaven when they 
dv ; lb alfo churches may be look- 
cdipoii as little emcampmentsfrom 
lAicfa we are to fally out, in at- 
OB the great enemy, or rath- 

the kingdom of the great 

of God and man. You, 

nethren, arc now drawing 
mm battle array — Go fonvard — 
ftrfef e ie — Redouble your efforts. 
5e not weary in well doing ; for 
if yon don't faint, you ftiall reap 
u due time. Undoubtedly you 
vOlmeet with difc&uragcmcnts : 
Bany profeflbrs of the gofpel may 
not at firil enter into the idea that 
Chriftians, and all which thcv 
froftfs, belong entirely to the Lord, 
confcquently may for a time 
as if the giving or withhoKlir.g 
liippKes was at their option ; oth- 
ers may tire, if they don't fee im- 
mediate fucctfs, and many may 
Uame your meafures, after 3'ou 
Itmve done the bell in your power ; 
bstitisyour bufinefs to endure all 
dnigs for the eled's fakes, that they 
wn be favcd. 

Ic is now, dear brethren, fcven 

fince we entered upon the 

of the Miffion in this coun- 
trVf and it is uncertain tothishour, 
wether any of the heathens Hct 
mdjT converted or not, though 
there have been many very hope- 
M aj^rraranccs, and fomc^yhlch 
WUt (o much fo, that we believed 
Cod had begun his work in rcali- 
fef; and the evidences continued 
■rafongtimc, but at laft decay- 
id. Yet we flill hope of fome I heart truftingin the Loids ^ijc^d \ 


SditUa TMltiga,. 


lelieiv are all dllpofed to continue 
in our work till death, and not to 
be moved with iny difcouagcmeni. 
What can we fay, dear breth- 
ren, to encocragc you tp perferere 
in tlicfood work, and to abound 
ID it i Two conCderationi are of 
jreat weight with u?, viz. I. Ev- 
ery foul i» pf more Talue ilun tlic 
wliolc world : therefore no length 
of time, or cxpenfe of treafurc i^ 
too great tA be devoted lo the fJ- 
Tation of fouls ; and the elTbaiial 
calling of one to the fcllon'lliip of 
the faith, is more llian an ample 
recompcnfe for all that can faegir- 
en, done, or fuffercd, to accom^- 
plifti it. 7. The Gofpcl is the 
^wcr of Gild to falratioQ ; anit 
the piihlicatvon thereof ilie ordina- 
ry means of delivering Gnnersfrom 
the power of fi^ 

ners ; the example of the Apof* 

ties, who did not account their. 
lives dear, fo that they might fia* 
iCii their courfc with joy, and t))e 
miniilry which ihey had obtained 
of God, to tellify among the Geo* 
tiles the unfearchable riches of 
ChriH ; the intrepidity of the mM>« 
tyts, who loved not their lives iin-> 
to death J the promifes thai he that 
watereth ihAl be watered himfetic 
and that Chrifi will fupport hi* 
minifiers in this important worfc 
til! the cud of time ; thefc— ^ 
thefc are arguments with ui, and 
we doubt not with you alfo, U. 
pcrfevere in this work | and aereCf 
never to give it up — rather to coB|t 
IJder it as a work which mufl Dd4 
be defertcd ; which muft be perf . 
fijted in ; which mull become morf 
; and wbidt 


Heligioui Ititelligencf* 


and appearances ftrongly enceur- 

£tts to think that the prefent are 
firft fruits of Bengal to ChrifK 
We take the liberty to prefent 
to yott a copy of the gofpel of Mat^ 
tbev in the Beogalic language, at 
the end of which are fome (mail 
tiaAs and hymns, which we have 
di&crfed pretty widely. Our dear 
kfotlier Williaitis, of NeW-York, 
will prelentit to you as a token of 
our hearty concunence with you 
ib your work, and as a motive of 
prwe and thankigiving to God on 
onr behalf. 

We take our leave — pray for us 
»^ve pray for you. May we all 
be fiedfailf unmovable, al%va3rs 
abounding in the work of the Lord, 
finfinuch as ye know that our la- 
bonr will not be in vain in the 


We are your affedionate breth- 
ren in the kingdom and patience of 

S^gHiJ in behalf of alt the Mtf- 
Jwmaruti snd by their defirey 

William Carey. 

Our readers will recoiled we in- 
fiNined them that the Rev. David 
XacoDy (bon after his ordination 
kft winter, commenced a journey 
to detrott with a view of laboring 
there as a Miflionary,and of learn- 
ing iht Chippcway language, that 
be might go as a MifConary among 
thcweflern Indians. No intelli- 
gence has been received from him 
till within a few days. He got no 
lurther than Bloomfield, in the 
State of New-York, by ileighing. 
There he was detained icvcral 
weeks and then proceeded on his 
journey with his wife and her broth- 
er, a young man who is to learn 
the Chippcway language, that he 
may qualify himfclf for an inflruc- 
kMT among the Indian:. Alter a 

very fatiguing and dangerous jour- 
ney Mr. Bacon and his compan- 
ions arrived at Detroit the 9th of 
May lafl. At Fairfield a town 
on the north fideof Lake Ontariot 
he found a icttlcment of Moravi- 
ans and fome civilized and chri£> 
tianized Indians. 

The following anecdote of two 
Squaws- whom he found at this place 
isextra^edfromhis letter. '* Ha^- 

* ving occafion'to mention the nanK 
' of Mr. Brainardy who wasfor^ 

* merly a Miffionary to the Indians^ 
' the Moravian miniflers told me 

* that they had two Squaws in their 

* fociety, who were baptized by 
' him i and that one of them had 

* /hown them a bible, a few days 

* before which (he faid he gave her. 

* Recollecting that Mr. Brainard 

* viiited the Delawares, and that 

* thefe Indians were a part of that 

* nation, I credited the report ; 
' and was plealed to find that fome 

< of his Indians were not only in 
' the land of the living, but in the 

* very neighbourhood where I was. 

* I immediately fent for the one 

* who lived the neared. She came 

* to fee mc, and appeared very de- 

* cent, fenfible and eleven She 
' was confiderably advanced in 

* years, but did not know her agc^ 
' as is commonly the cafe v/ith In- 

* diane. She fpoke pretty good 

* Englifii, obfervcd that (lie was 
' very fmall when (he was baptized 

* by him ; and putting her hand 
' out about three feet and a half 

< fiom the floor, obfcr^-cd that (he 

* was not more than fo high when 

* (he faw him laft. As (he left the 

* place about that time (he knew 

* of none of his Indians, but the 
' Squaw that was with her. I had 

* not much opportunity to know 

< whether (he gave evidence of 

* grace ; but the Moravian minif- 

* ters fuppofc them bct.h> \a Vst 

* Chriftians •, Mvd Orx*. ^^^^ ^^^^ 

Bicoa alfo kcept t fchbol, and an 
der the inftniAioa of the paUic 
interpmer he ud the young man 
with hire are kaming the Chippe- 
way language. He has frequent 
opportunities of feing feme of the 
Indian chiefs, and there is a pieaf- 
fingprofpedldiat he will foon be 
nude an inftrument of communi- 
cating the light of the gofpcl to 
Tome of the poor benighted Indians. 



Mkss*iii. EoiToas, 

THE ingenious vrriion of the a9th 
Chapter of the book of Job is your laft 
Magazine and the fuggefted requeft at 
the cioTl' ha» induced me to attempt the 
following paraphrafe of the fuccccdxng 
Chapter. If it meets yoiir approhatioii 
plc^e to give it a place in your nejn 
number. C. R. L. 

BUT now alas, maiJuiid commence 
my foes, 
The ^-oung the ▼iic deride me in my 

wo«i ; 
Dreg* of All Be(h an outcaft favage brood, 
Who dwell in caves and roam the wades 
for food ; 


So tliran|t I 

rnfttlt my }(M n 
Swift as the wit 

My welfare fleet 

With aogtiifli deep r 
Pierced are my b< 

no reft : 
l^MthToine dileaff 

ments bind, 
In filth and duil m 
To fill complete my 
My heavenly Fath 
I feel thy heavy hao 
Like wtiid purfucft 

fiance down. 
Sobn o'er my he 

ftandard wave 
Soon this weak frai 

the prave ; 
Thut land of Aleno 
Where aJI my woe 

rows ceafc ; 
Did not my heart ii 

And weeprdponfiv 
I look'd for good bi 
For light I waitedbu 

My bowels boil i 


I mourn in darknei 
1 1 <• • « 


Connedticut Evangelical Magazine. 


Vol. II.] 

NOVEMBER, 1801. 

[No. 5. 

Oh the Scriptural foundutlon for ccU 
tl rating tht! Jirjl da j of ike weekf 
tu tkc Ckri/iian Salhuth. 

ALTHOUGH Chrifliansare 
generally agreed, in the 
belief of a divine warrant for the 
obfenration of the Chriflian fab- 
bath, it is apprehended that a view 
of the leading evidences of this 
duty will be ferviceable both to 
confirm their faith, and promote 
their edification. 

The following brief (latement 
of the arguments is, therefore, 
prelentcd to their confidcration. 

Thj obfcr\*ation of every fe- 
TCfith day, as a feafon of religious 
•and holv rcl'^, to man, was infli- 
i-tcd from the be^innin^i, as a me- 
tnorial of the completion of the 
work nf cr.Mtitjn, and the divine 
it'cl l.;.k a r« -I in-.Ts with it. 

Wh^n th'j v/ork of the fixth day 
was completed, ** God faw every 
thins Vvhicii he had made and be- 
hold It very good. And on 
tht fc\ cnth d.iy, God ended his 
work wh'ch he had made, and 
fee rtHcd Oil thcfc\ day, from 
all hi? work, which he had nuide. 
Ard Go 4 bIciTtd the fcventh day 
aau fanctiiitd it, Ijcaufe that in it, 

Vox,. II. N'j» J. 

he had reded from all his work, 
which God created and made."^ 

From the Mofaic relation re- 
fpe^ing the manna, it appears tliat 
the holy reft of the fabbath was 
known to Ifrael before the promul* 
gation of the Smai law. — That it 
was known to other nations, is e« 
videntfrom fevcral ancient writcrs.-J* 

This divine inftitution was re- 
newed in the Mofaic law, and the 
ground and reafon of it again af« 
ccrtained, in the following words : 

*' Remember tlie fabbath day to 
keep it holy. Six days Hialt thou 
labour and do all thy work. But 
the feventh day is the fabbath of 
the Lord thy God. In it tho'i 
Ihalr not do any work. — For in fix 
days the Lord made heaven and 
earth, the fca, and all that in them 
and refled the feventh day. 


Wiiercfore the Led blcfTcd thr: 
fiibbath day and hallowed it."i: 
In tht ficred writings of the old 
teihiment, we find frequent refer- 
ence 10 the fabbath, us an inftitu- 
tution of God, and the proper cel- 
ebration of it, as an cirential pau 

• (Jiucfi^ ii. 2, 3 -f In prill icuLir 
Hvfiod, Homer, arJ l.inus, fff l'»l 
I Syin'p. on Gfsicii ii. 2n j;. * V \v\ 


vfl>ra6ictl religioD. Itreemtto 
It: dcfigncd as ^ day of religious 
sod (kvout rclt from the labors 
and j>urluiu of liiv |>refcDt world. 
and of thanksgiving to God foi ail 
hiiUxon, cfpi'dally lor tb< vock 
of crcuioa ;• md as an exprdEoo 
of faitli ia (lie gr^iou intiautioat 
ct' Cod Lo hii cbuicb, of a (bie 
if holy red and joy, in hii eur»ial 
l.ingdoin, for oil the redceakcd. 
ibrough the promifcd MciEib. 

Wiiii A view to ihe finic import- 
ant objcA, was ihc inflinition of 
tite rcil of the fneoth moniii, 
(wiucbKas iiiaoA vhully coofc- 
crated to religious folcmnitics) ai 
bUo of thcfcvcDth yc3r,ai>dofUic 
great year of tttbilec after the 
t:oinplouon of fcvcn timn fcven 
yean. This UA u-u a fcafonof 
abundant led and joy, and viu 
eminontlT tvfiicii of the goJpel fal- 
vation, and ilut UlclTcd rrtit which 
for the pKiple of God, 

Oa Iht Clrifiitn SMatt. 


Go<t, nvmifened Mman, ra«4iich 
al! his other works are ft^rdi- 

']>is ncu' lUte of things wu ta 
confiA efpeciiUjr in a new fyftcm et 
rclcs and ordinances) rcfpeAiq 
the worlhifi'ef God^ ieta wfaitb 
(as alfo from other fourccs of a^ 
guioent) it appears thatihe iolli' 
(utions add ordinances of worfha 
in the old tcftameot, -aod cTpccuf 
ly in the Mofaic fyfiom, were iM 
gcnurallv dcfigncd lo be perpetual 
in t)ie church of God on earth | 
but, to be typical of that new 
Rue of tilings jufl mcDtiooed, and 
iotroduiflory lo it. So that weiR 
to viewibcwholeMuLic kcodobi] 
asalliutowofgoodt hingt toconie,al 
which the body U ChiillMid Cfarif 
tianitYi or the inditu'Jaoa of tht 

This Qmt and ge»enlch«M 
in the ordinances of rcligioat b} 
no means implieiany ^limnMB 


Oil tie ChriJluM SMaih. 


tray fin. -Sitntlar oblcrTationfiavill 
ap^y:to all -other ordinances of the 
ancient difpenfiition, when contraf- 
tedjwith the new. 

From the an«ilogy, of divine dif- 
penfationsv we ihould be led to 
look for a chancre of the day of fa- 
cred reft, that in future it might 
celebnte the work of redemption, 
by the conTecration of the day in 
uMch Go^ refted from that work, 
which .was the .great objc<5l of cre- 
atioiit Jnd to Avhich .that, .and all 
his other works arc evidently £ib- 
ordinate. But u;c muft Jiot affcci 
to be wile beyond what is wriuen 
■ the holy fcriptnres. 

lietuathen inquire whetherthere 
« any cvideDce from the prophecies 
of the old teftament, tlut there 
Ibould be a change of tlie Sabbath 
at the commencement of the got 
fel dilpenfttion* ■ In this examina- 
ftall attend to twofcrip- 

la the £rft of them we <nd tbefe 
wndat ** This is the day which 
Ihe Lord hath made, we will re- 
joice and be glad in it.''* That 
1 gicat part of the pfalm from 
'mch thefc words are uken, re- 
ipefis the Meffiah, appears not on- 
ly from the £Abje^-matfter, but, 
frmits application to him in vari- 
^nfoflagcB in the ncwteftamcnt.f 
Thb is particularly evident concern- 
iqgthe words quoted, and thofc 
vhich imjjiediatcly precede and 
ffiUow them. Tiiat the rcAirrcc- 
tioa and exaltation of Qihft is tJic 
bbjcAf appears from the words, in 
thor conpeAion ; that the day of 
Ul itfiuTcAion is referred to follows 
of opurie. So that thefc words 
lie dire^ly to the purpofc of the 
■cfent argument. Fur if the 
Lord hath made this day, in any 
ftile diA«:rcnt from that in which 

* {?&l|n cxviii. 14- t Matth. xxi. 42. 
Msir. SI. 1 Peter il 4. 

he makes all days, it muft undoubt- 
edly mean that he has conlecratcd 
it for the ufc to which the infpired 
writer fays it Hiall be applied ; even 
to rejoice and be glad, or to keep 
it as a<!ay offacrcd reft andthankU 
giving for the great work of re- 
demption^^fpom which Jefus refted 
on this day, hy his rdume^ion ; 
as God refted on the (cventh day 
from the work of the firft creation. 
Thcpaflage may therefore .be juftly 
confidered as a dire<^ prcdiAion of 
the change of the (abbath ; or that 
the firft day of the week fhould K* 
celebrated in the Chriftian church 
as a fabbath in grateful commemo- 
ration of cie ;cfurrC(5lion of our 
Ijord Jefus Chiift. 

The other propUoiic fcripturc, 
from the old teilameot, .which in- 
vites our attention, is in tbe fol- 
loiiwing .words, viz. 

** Behold I create new heavens 
and a new ear<th and the former 
ftail not be remembcrcd,nor come 
into mind. But be you glad and 
rejoice forever in that which I .cre- 
ate: for behold I create Jerusa- 
lem a rejoicing and her people a 
joy.* The new heavens and the 
new earth import the new creation^ 
and are deflgncd to rcprefent the 
cfTe^ (^ the work ef redemption, 
in the ftate of the redeemed church, 
from the iscarn;)tion of the Sa- ' 
viour to the final confumnution in 
the heavenly reft.f That the oLl 
he:ivens and cartli (hall niH \yi re- 
membered or come into mind can 
mean nothing more t] that they 
fli:ill not be celebrated by tlic lUnil- 
ing memorial of the fcvcnth day 
fabbath, which was the only way 
in which the old creation ever had 
been ftatcdly celebrated. The re- 
ligious rejoicing predit^led in the 
l.itter claule of the text on account 

• lf;.uh Ixv. 17, iJ?. \ Sec \C4\\j^v 




«f ilicacwaciiion iiDfoni thii ii 
SalllB txiAnui io like Duima, 
uwMtlK oU craaion, pmioci 
w ttiE nmodKAioa uf the ntw. 
ThcTcferr ii that w~t cdcbrattdby 
■ holy rtit ind tlunklfmig, oa 
tfac day la which Cod idttd fram 
hfa work i eren (b the new cK*- 
•Hm or the work of nAoB^^iatt, 
fliallbtnltbruedbyafhitecl boly 
Rfl and UunUgtriBil. on ihr djiy 
m which be reOcd fnrt tln%, m iit 
which Jefbt QuriA rofe from iht 

We WW proceed to make the 
feUonriof oUemiions, m. 

t. Oitf Lord JtTui Cbrift rofe 
from tfio dtadi on the firS day of 
the week. Thii i* exprtfily *ifer- 
icd by tilt Ennjjciil!!, in ihdr i«- 
rpcftive liiftonci of ihtir dtviac 
nutldi and ii caafinned by (he 
Recount of the prcnutloa ukeo hf 
the Jewi to prnnt any poffible 

fioira the dead. Tboiliy aH tM 
1 puccannM tf the Jewtt w» hon 
i the rafuneftion of nvt Lotd (bl 
more cD«i£mMd, and tin day et i 
fdly alc«rr*iried. 

Wc therefor* inict. with abmj 
wtccnMntyv dm ihM ■ thadaj 
pmbfled by thr PbhaiH, in whid 
Cbniltaiu flwuld ttiein in tlid 
bi>g and Sanonr, au eefabtatr df 
wailiM of rtdveniD^. graoe* bfi 
flaied otfemtivK of^it, teAnd <| 
the (cKBlh day. ■* |>t«iUtcd fei 
Unh. 1 

It ^ipean from Uw go^ UlU 
rr, that Bur Loed wffond tt Mj 
iUfci{!lc) oa the day of h« rcfi^ 
rtAkm. and afiiTward m the Ml 
diy of the «f ek,*— 4htt «■ thU 
diyUie dir.:i)klc« va Ki|ctb(r M 
brtik tadd.t ifcil it "" *"' ' 
gaifiied amortj! tliem b 
of the lord's day 
ltR»ihythe Ltwd } 

c* ma io|eui(r » 
ihil it w dUi*! 
litem by 4k uim 
day; aadlhicgH 
ofA Jdat uwk MJ 


On the Js/courj^.'menfs of Chrr/lians. 


perfeMy eafy to account from the 
circumiunces juA named, for the 
remainin;* attachment of Tome pro- 
feffing Chriltiansj to die Jew! Hi 

The peceding flntemcnt of the 
arguments in favor of tltc cekbni- 
tioB of tlie firft day of the week, 
as the ChriAian fabbiith, it is pre- 
fiuned will be fati&fa^ory. 

It deeply concerns us that v/c 
celebrate this blcfTcd d.iy, agreea- 
bly to its inflitution awA cicdgn. 
mich has been written by i!ic Icai n- 
cd and pious on this fuhjc^, which 
we ought diligendy to perufe and 
ceduce to praAice. 

Thcwritcr would however c.irii- 
cftly recommend 10 hi.^ Chriflinn 
readers, to remember that this blef- 
fed day is to be celebrated, as a 
thaakful memorial of tJie refur- 
reAioo of our divine Saviour ; 
isd confcqucntly of his whole me^ 
diitorisi work, for the falvarion 
of finners, and is it then pufTible 

by a furgf on. The beauties of crea- 
tion ruflied at once upon his fight, 
and tho' he was mucli lefs able to 
diIlin[Miifh cbje^n ?.vA tJike the ben- 
efit of his eyes than other men, 
yet Ills cxtafy for a fejifon w:is 
above defcripiicn : fo when one 
has always been blind to the glory 
of God, and the beauties of the 
moral world, it is reafbnable to ex- 
peft, the firfl difcoverics of them 
muft produce that admiration and 
rapture, which is peculiar to fuch 
feafi)ihi t!\o' tlv.'tr viens are Jefs dif- 
tincl, and their humihty, depend- 
ence and oiiicr ChrilKan exercifcs 
are moi-c imperfeft. In this fitua- 
tion they are fometimes ready to 
triumph, as if the viftory was al- 
ready eomplcat, and they had noth- 
ing 10 iio^ but rejoice thro' life. 
But thcfe cxpc«5lations will not be 
realized. The great apolUc to the 
Gentiles hid fliarp conflifts ; and 
all \^ho will live godly in Chrift 
Jcfas, (hall (iiffer pcrfecution- And 

that we fhouid fail to cclebr.itc ic for the n:ofl part need require?, 
ID the worlhip, and to thj piaifes ' fhey enviure m;'.r.y tribulation*? 
ef him who loved u? and waihed 
U 6oniour fins in his ow 


d waihed I They heanvoreexj'CTienccd Chrif- 
^n Mood I ■ tlur.> t\ 11 ordnrknefs, Hitrho' dicv 

^m adJrefs to thofc luho hi the Uii \ 
revival of religion have Itrri brn^r ' 
info the litigdom of Cbripy ciii j 
the difcoura^emtjits rf Chnflitins. 

IT is conmon ihnt pcoj-lc, v.hen 
fiift reconcil'vd to God, hdvc 
«ami aifc^ionr, and fuch joys as 
arife from their firll clpoulaJs. S.i- 
taa is fj chained, thai for ais.'i:ri>n, 
he can gi\;; them little tli!li;r- 
bance. Their iii.-ir.iir.g is a nio.n- 
iog without clouils, .md ihcy i^rom- 
ifi: themfelves per|.vtu:d funihldc. 
Much oftliis cxufy anlljfK'mthc 
newneik of ilieir c;i»covcii;s. 1 
remember I once read of a nun 
born blind. APcr he ariived to 
Maturity, liis tih:is. wcie tal^en o.T 

hirdly t"]=c:t it, it comes uj)or 
thi-T.i. It is then uircouragcmcntc 

One /(vjrce of difcouragemcnt. 
15 their own inconfUpcy. Thir, 
tho' they .-ve as confuicnt as Peter, 
tlicy v.ill learn by painfi:! c::}.cii- 
enCL, ST fv'fjn as God, tn tc.irb. 
them their wcuhncr? arcl dcj'cnJ- 
ance, leaves them a litiL* to t!;(r:i- 
felves. It is r.cctfTary lh:it Get 
fnould cffi-cuMllv vov. i\'\i \J.- 
(un, Hiid you Vviil li:»iclly I'c tar;;}.'. 
it, but by bri.''.r> a.^1 thcTr.s. Yoii 
will then fay, that )oi: little exj-cct- 
ed t<; find ytmifeivcs io ineonihtr.f , 
tli.<t \ou had no idea there v - • 
fuch fid remains of unbelief aivl 
wiekcdnefs in your titans, r.rKi d- 
pecially that they lud llrtn«;Ii u* 

produce fuch jdiicvdc^^ ^\^^ ^ 


^ At Ji/cauragemtntt oj C^rffiau- 

Able tiTccI;, and r.cnder you Co 
IcVli io yourdut}') and To unfaith- 
ul [o God. 
There is rcaftin to ftar your in- 
inihncy will »H ilfdf oui in many 
avs ; — hy diiEpiting your ihoi'i 
1 feaTom for mediution and pray- 
when aioati — when in compj- 
y, by luch coDveditiaos and cod- 
uft as you |iopcd Dcvcr to find to 
outJelves, — by want of rfllgoa- 
■ iffliflions,— by foelin^ lie 
id influence of lemptjiions W 
iir forrow, and Dfien by a fad ui- 
FbL'nce alx>ut your duly and di- 
ic things.- I with you may oev- 
r alfo be OTcnwed and uninanDed 
yth^ company, example and nd- 
t' the profane and tho'tUfi. 
arc faoftified but in pare. 
VickcJneft will apptir and be 
fled out by you. You will d? 
Til, and will not anfwer yourraif- 
d cxpeilaiioD!, It is true your 


eouragedi a greatly to palfey tliek 
exetiions, kill their comfonai uti 
diltrefs them to the heart ! 

In addition to this, you will per- 
ceive that your cnemiu have great 
llrcDgih. Yon will ^d Satan a 
formidable enemy. with many wiles, 
long praiSifcd; that be undcrHand) 
his adaantagec, knows the fins 
which eafiiy bciet you. and iidex- 
torousto bis api^ications of tempt- 
ation. • Mr'c £ghtaot agatnllJIeih 
and blood ; but againA priBcipaii- 
cici, and powen. aod l^itual 
wickedDef] in high places. Tfa* 
dcvilf as a roaring lion, goeili 
about fecking whooi he may de- 
vour. He is one who luth ruined 
inillioni, and of whom wearepar- 
ticularly warned in the rcrtpcurci. 
And J wifb yeii may not find txx), 
tbat the tbingi of tbis worU* ki 
licbes, honors, csfloms, and the 
ufual |>Ie»s that are made for indul- 


Oa the difcauragtrntnti of Cbrifiiani. 


„ prorantionsorGod. 

howyau will probabli^ coctcm- 
^U God in no other light, than 
■s an ■ngry God( provoked by 
yoorwickednerj. You will Tec it 
vould be juft with him to give yiiu 
spto fearful diRrefs. Yon may 
M hardly able to hope that God 
vHI affiinl much iflKtancei to Tuch 
{nmUng o(!cndcr«, or idga to 
ta nakc hTc of you- tv db much 
nad ilr tlie world. You may 
Ue your confidenca in Godt and 
bribudoaed to the fury and tempt- 
hhu of your enemies. Should 
jonna fait into ihi> fad condi- 
M, you will feel like others, who 
Am mpericDced it before you. 
IW woald pray, but like Adam, 
di almoft dnad to meet witti God 
il ptaycT. In this cafe, the Chrif- 
tan piayt with little cxpcfiationi, 
goes thro' his devotions without 
ranfort) and his profpeAs of 
aacBdntent, and of enjoying the 
Bj^t of God's countenance, pre- 
loK bnta forlonihope. Ifhehad 
BO icligion, he woukl probably be 
nwh more <]uiet. He would not 
be likely to trouble himfelffo much 
■bout thefe concerns. But he has 
almng principle within him, which 
faai jolt (hength enough to ruin all 
cnnl confcits, and make him 
vietcbed in the viow of his guihy 
and tuigratefiiriifc. And perhaps 
be alfo lofcs all fenfe of the evi- 
descei of liis having any grace. 
This, you will fav, is dinwing a 
ndaocholy piftuie of a Chriftun. 
It is. fiat this is fometimei his 
• tA. I have pointed out the crim- 
isal way by which h: finks into it, 
that yon may avoid it. And 1 
ban drawn it in its darkeft colours, 
ibat I might alfo point the way of 
nca » ei y ,to themoft burdened and 
tkomged Cbrillan.— I will now 
&Mof& my reader to be In this dif- 
auUate ftatc» acd fhow you your 

The grace of God is yoer oa\y 
hope. He hath faid, ' My giact 
is fufllcltnt for thee.' Whatever 
may be ihe liiuation of a believer, 
from his own ioconflancy, tlic 
flrength of liis enemies, or his 
;',rievou8 provocations, tupcatedly, 
and fur a long time committ<.d 
again!) Gud, or however gicac hi.i 
temptations and difcuui age merits 
may be, liill there is fufficient grace 
in God for him. Sufficient to re- 
cover him from his inconftancy, to 
vaoqujlh his enemies, fuj>port l.ini 
in temptations, forgive his prut u- 
cations, tcftorc joy and ct;mt'artto 
his foul, and make him a ufeful 
joyful Chriftiar.— Is not God in- 
liaite in nil his pcifcftions ! Aud- 
tlicrcfoTC in his grace ! He alTLrei 
you that mercy is his delight. 
How alfcaionatcly docs he call on 
you faying, * Return ye backfliding 
children, and I will be a Father 
unto you.' — You have been inform- 
ed of the provlfion, wtiich in his 
mercy he has fiirnilhcd for a finful' 
world. You know tlie fasfifice by 
which it was made, and wit!) \;\ 
initiations, and arguniv-nts it is ac- 
companied. Tlicfc tilings C't'il 
has done for the moA [-an 
by our world, and cmdnly by m.u. 
You then ought to be iiltizmLii tlia'. 
you have ever been cirablt (.1 
queflioning the of hiS 
grace fur you, in your pi(.fer.t lit 
uation. The iiibleisfuli ofl'fcioL, 
promifcs. Chrid is \our fLi'.tt 
—He has fuiailed'Uie con^li- 
lions of your fmal liilvatiDn, i,n'*. 
fecurcd to you even in this life, 
that if you will alk, >ou IhJI ir- 
ccive. — But you fear vou ar^ r.oi 
Chritiians. — Then c«ft yourlllv.; 
on his general pruniifi-s made t> 
all, however \ilc, who will cct:.(. 
unto him. 

But your own experience of di- 
vine grace is a ptocjl wtiu^ ft'.in^l 
fiicAcc all yotti ay{t(Vvui&&v.^i ^^'- 


£j<ti!I.Mtj e/ Seripfur^ 


le grue oF Cod a not ruSicient 
ir you. Hitt you nut vtiUd liii 
ive i Alt you not cnciiiic:; to fin — 
nourccrsfi}! it — Itwtiv in ^our Jc- 
e» lor tl.s honor of ,G\»t ', Do 
u Det^ruai) to be ticiivciddlVoin 
:vil, aod m^iie Wyi tlui you may 
wnothiiu .' Are ooi your Gnt your 
lUtJeai. and ihe evil nature of tin 
*ule of your baticd to it i 1» 
101 Zion de»r to you, .ind iho 
lufeof God prtciom ? — Ve>. you 
vill Ciy, if 1 know my owD'hstn. 
'c the iliiQgii witicli above 
n, cam maud my CouL — 
\iid hoiw canie you by tbii fpidt ? 
Vbo &.ive it ? Who fu<ipoit» it 
lOtwidilLoiiing »I1 your provoca. 
ions > you own it tj — it mutt bu 
jod. Da you not ibca li«l Uy 
XpcricDcc he it gracigm i 
'The ioSnite fuffidciwy of CluKt 
u do not fcniple. Why tlien do 
u Uifc your conEdencc in God^ 
}od hai owned him, at lite Lord 

IfJiUtcc, aod biing you t» uA ww- 
TcItm more eouicly oo Codi if 
you dqicndcd on Oodi yoot prcf- 
cmcauli'iof irouUe would not dif- 
counjie youi yuu would HiU be 
Rsonf, in ilie i^ord- It k ihca 
plain tnm your prcfeitt di<<K>ur«gc- 
mcnta, you do not fufimmly de- 
pcad on biiu. Yon then need the 
thorn) wliicfa row teat youttateuh 
you cot to he difcDuraged at youf 
uwa fi'aiUica and corruptioM, and 
the DrctiEihof yourctKiniM. whila 
you may r cly on tin ftrcBjph of Gnlt 
to liccp you fiom all idf^depeBdi 
coce bdctftcr. 

It i* Artful lar ChiiAiaot to har- 
bour ;iny difcoutaxMucAU to diA 
heinen then iVom dtKy.and a QnS . 
Md hUy walk Willi God. It bo 
tnyj thcic want of con&dsiicc tn -• 


Excellcnty of Scripture* 


Cgnxfications. In fame places it 
Cnnifies Chrifl, in others the law, 
and in others the go(peI. But 
moft generally we are to under- 
Hand by the word the holy fcrip- 
tuas in general. And this is the 
meaning of, thy wordy in the a- 
bQTC facred paflage. Likewife, 
iU name of troJhath divers mean- 
ings. It {broetimes (ignifles any 
dung by which God maketh him- 
ftlf known. And as the Apoftle 
calletb the contributions of the 
Church at Corinth their liberality, 
foby the name of God (now under 
coniideration) is meant his works 
of Creadon and common provi- 
(Uices by which his glorious char- 
zdtt is made known. 

Certain lyi all thy name cannot 
ncxathem^^rd ; for tlien the paf- 
lage would read thus, fortbon. 
magn^ed thy word ahove all ti ^ 
word. Bat if, by all thy name is 
meant creation and common prov- 
idences* then the above . psmage 
woold read thus, for thou ha^mag- 
wfkdy thyword^ahove all thy works 
of crcauon, and common provi- 
dence. This would makefenfe, 
and this it is humbly conceived, 
is the genuine meaning of the 

We live in an unbelieving age, 
vhcn many under-value the wordy 
Bad extol nature, human philolo- 
gy, and the vi(ible creation far 
•bore it. But while the infidel 
fkries in nature and creation, as 
l<is fupcrior book, the infinite God 
Bu«nifieth the believer's bible far a- 
h)vethem. And let notwoims 
tfeA to defpifc that which the 
fireat Jehovah, fo cxtoUeth ahove 
^hu name ; as it appears he doth 
lis word. 

I. The Lord no ^hKvtfpeaketh 
(iLonorabiV, of nature and crea- 
Hod, as he doth of] his written 
«ir^ Wlicn fpeaking of the 
kaftts and earth, hc&thj ibey I 
Volb IL No. /. X 

(hall wax old* pais away, and per- 
illx. And he calleth high feeling 
man in all his glory grafsy and a 
fading flower. And how do fuch 
expreiEons, mortify the pride of 
man, and caft a difmal gloom oa 
all the viflblc creation ? But tlic 
Lord was never heard to fpeak af- 
ter tliis fort of his exalted word,. 
When fpeaking of the magnified 
word» he faith, it (hall ftand for 
ever, it (hall not pafs away, tho' 
all ffefli (hall fade and the heavens 
and earth be removed. And it is 
eafy to fee. how, that in (b fpeak- 
ing, the Lord doth magnify his 
word, far above the laws of na- 
tures and all the materisil creation. 
2. The Lord give^fuperior hon- 
or to his word, in that he doth at 
all events make it gqod. ** Hath 
he fpoken; and (hail he .not make' 
it good ?* Nations and individu- 
al| are wobt to fo under-yalue their 
word as ^o give itupt or fuffer it 
to fail. It may bebought,or they 
will give it up. in the day of temp- 
tation. And who ever fellcth his 
word for gold, magnifieth gold a- 
bove it. But the Lord hath fuch 
a value for his word, he cannot 
fuffer it to fail either as to time, or 
in any other refpcd. He would 
fee all this lower creation in flames* 
and ftop every wheel in provi- 
dence, before he would let a fylla- 
blc of his word fail ; yes, before 
he would dday its accomplifhment 
a Gngle f^cond. The twelve le- 
gion of Angels were not fcnt» 
to relieve God's fuffering Son» 
neither did Jefus afk for them, be* 
caufe a fu^ng of the fcripture 
flood in the way. And who can 
hear Jefus ufUfy* that ** heaven 
and ^arth fhall. pais away, before 
one jpt or tittle, of the law fhall 
fail," and fee the fhining legions 
fhnd aloof from the fuffering fon 
of Gody becanft \hi& (en^N^n^ 

flood in th« \fvj oj tht\\ ^y^^^"* 



% EnniUncy^ of Scriflu-. 


on tlic wiojs of a clierub for his 
r?Iief ; who can hear,- and fee all 
ihis, and not exclaim, O how doih 
God magnify bit •uiard ! 

V The Lord in»gii]fielh hii 
lunrJ above creation, and provi- 
dence, in this alfo, in tliat i>e di- 

rcifleth us to it, in orde 

tn tuiow 

hi! will, and our dUtVj 

i.d not to 


We cannot lell tov9, 

or hatred 

by common piovidt'nce 


doth the Lord fi:nd 
and the laws of nature, in order 
uhave our doubts fo I ved, and to 
Icitrn wlat we mull do. But he 
luth, " to the law and to th« tcf- 
tinrony." To this men aie fent 
U to the good old way ; as to a 
tight that (hittetb in a dark place, 
which is able uncriingly to guide 
them in the path of wiPiom and 
life. Jefus extolleth Mofes and 
iheprophetsi above the teltimony 
of one from the dead. In Deut. 

life that noiv is, and that which is 
to come. But God hatt> ii«vt* 
thus blefled any becaofe they po& 
■ fcfs this world, or are verfcd in th» 
.lawtof naiare. But be will let 
the men of this world, the fd^ 
glorifying phiiofbpher, witii thefe 
rifible heavcnt and eirth, all per- 
ith together, in this great burning 
^ay. While, with eteiual bleC ' 
Cngs, hewill blefs thcni who h«»e i 
delighted in his woid. And, haw ' 
doth God in this niagnify bis •aitt^ \ 
above all the things of time ! | 

5. The Lord doth' maaifcA hiar' ■ 
tu|«riorelteeni for bis word (rbJ 
to eltcem an objcA is to honor it), 
in defljoying thofcwho defpiTc ii, 
for their difobcdience. 

If the Lo«l did not eftcem hit 
oiori/ above the prcfcnt world and , 
its things, he would no fooner 
condemn us for negleAiog it, than 
for being poor and delHtute of nat- 
ural pbilofophy. Tliei 


EKcelleuej nf Smpiure. 


rh? Lord doth thus in all. ages mag* 
nify tlic holy fcri])turc8. 

7 The Lord doth ma«nlfy liis 
vmrdyS^ZKc all tLcvi(ibIeci cation, 
In p"ncg his fan to die far the liofi- 

OMif Ill's Liw. 

Had the visible htavrns^ and 
C2rth flood in the way of tiic fiR- 
ncr's {alvatioHy God would have 
diflblvcd thcJTs rather than have 
dcrotcd m) Ills fon, to the death 
cf tbe crufs. But the Lord wouki j 
not make h:s law, or his *:voni - 
wid; rather than that thi? fluuld 
kdoxci Jcfus niufi dk. 

8. The Lord doth inaj;niry his ! 
owJ above crcntijii .-ind provi- . 
dence, in makir;^ it the rcj ulitory . 
of all his unfear^.hal)!c richer. 

The king lionnis that city moft ; 
10 which he bcfiows his pcciniar j 
treafures. And the Lord doth ' 
bonor thf war// with all the rich- 
oof his glory. In the won! wc 
lave the glory of all the <livine 
pcrfeffions, which he proclaimed 
to Moles at tlic rock. I Icre is 
the true light which aboli/licih 
death, and btingcth to view ctcT- 
ital life. In the 'word we have all 
the graces of the Spirit, the pur- , 
don of (in, the true bread from 
iiea?cn, fatisfying waters, and all 
the good of the new coreniint. 
And how do thefe and the like 
thnigSy which pertain to the true , 
riches, raife the value and ;;lory 
of the fc: iprurci- ? How infijtviil;- 
caEt 15 all the peiilliing hr*jJ i.f 
this world, to tbctiue bicai fioi-:i 

Nov there arc tv/o rcafons v,'hy . 
Ae Lord doth thus mti^n'tfy /.L- 
awi/ above all the thin;;? of lime, j 
The {ir(t is becaufe the holy forip- 
tnres are moll exi client. 

Two things mty Ik* the work of 
Cod, and vet one of tbeni f«ii tlie 
nol( valuable. God is the author j 
of the fpirit of u heart as W'.ll as 
•f tiiefouJ of m.n ; yet thi- (ov\ 

of man is of unfpeakably more 
v/nrth. And though the Lord is 
ti:e author of the viiiblc creation, 
as well :« of the ivordt yet tlie 
fUioni infinitely exceeds in value. 
And hence it is that God doth fo 
magnify his wrfl, not becaufe he 
js partial, but becaufe it is niofl ex- 

z. The Lord doth thus tx^ol 
his ncnrd becaufe it is of the great- 
c (I In^.]wrtancc it (liould be magni- 
fied All the moral glory of 
G(k!, and all tlic real happinefs of 
crLrrturcs ikpend upon it. A man 
ni:iy pull down his houfe, or part 
with his f;!rm, and ftill fupport ins 
moral cbarii^^cr. And God may 
drown this world, or burn it, and 
W f'losioiis llill. But was he to 
undei-valuc his 'wortf^ his moral 
^loiy murt fail with it« And as 
the word is the rock on which 
Zion is buitt, fo if the Kvonl is 
made Void, tlie houfe of Zion 
murt fall with it. Thus the glory 
of God, and his holy kingdom, 
which comprehendcth all the real 
good in the univerfe, de}>cnd on 
thcwwY/'x being miigniiied. Hence 
it is that God dcth tlius magnify 
it. And how unlike to God muil 
they be who dci'pife and fpcak light 
of the fcriptuic.;, or leave them 
roi the things of time, and ti\c 
fcicncc of man : Certainly fueh 
wore never born from ;'bi«vt. ; for 
all who have the Spirit t»f Gcnl, 
will Iv like him in iii;i''nif)ing the 

Again. How provoking to 
God, linful, and hazardous it 
v\\a\\ be 10 make light of the 'Uford / 

If vc plcafe, we may call a 
fruitful hill a barren hcarh ; or call 
fuch a fjH)t rocky and worth It fs. 
We may in many ref|)C<5ts, ufc 
rrea! freedom in talkina about ere- 
anon ; and fpeak of it, as tennxi- 
ral and periih\nv!^. Tiv\t.c\'>:x\ v\\\w<8. 

\ .. 

Semariioii i Carixlb. xr. 19. 


honor and life of God, and lie 
that touchethttt toucheth the ap- 
ple of his cj-e. 

Hence, let cliildrcn, youili, 
and e*ery one Ihun the feat and 
way of thofe who r«jea llie divine 
tcflimoiiy, which God took fuch 
care of, as to keep it in the arkt 
within the tnoll holy plaCL-. Bift 
let all learo, by faith and praflice, 
to magnify the holy fcHpturcs, af- 
ter the example of Jcfus, who in 
his thiee-Told dreadful conibatt 
ufcd no other weapon, exeep:i 


For the Connecticut Evas- 
GELICAL Macaziiie. 

Msss'rs Eehtoks, 

THE woidi of the Apoftle 
1 Cor. XT. 19. " If in ihii 
tifc only IOC have hope in Chrijl, 


happinefj io ■^xe pi-rfrM uff. They 
tcdify that " wifJom's ways aie 
ways of pleafautnefs, and ul her 
paths peace." That " godtineft 
with contentment, is great gaiiH— 
that it is profitable to all — haTiQE 
the ^omife of the life that mm u, 
as well as that which is to come." 
It is iBConHdcnt with thefe and nu- 
merous other paffages of like iai' 
port which might be cltedf to fvp- 
poft that Chriflians in general and' 
in ordinary times, experience left 
real enjoyment or rubltantial b^>pi- 
nefs io the prefeot life, diao othm. 
It is inconhllent alfo vntb bit, or 
the experience of Chriiliant. The 
unircrfil tefliinoay of thofe wlra 
cordially embrace the gofpel, is 
Uiat they find a happinefs in the 
knowledge, lore and fervice of 
God which they never before ex- 
ieoced — and which, if they 
their hearts, ihcy would 


Remarks on I Corinth^ xr- 19. 


16. 33. " Thue things h::vc I 
ipoken unto you, that in m* yc 
might YoiSt^ace, In the world \ c 
(hall hare tribulathn^ but be of ;>oui{ 
cbfn-f I hare overcome the world." 
As Cfarift here predidlcd, fo it was 
in £1^ In the world they had 
tribulation ; as Chriil had been de- 
(pifed and rcje^ed of men, fo they 
m'credefpiied for confcfling him, and 
their name was cafl out. They were 
periecuted — and fuitered the lofs of 
all things — yet in him they had 
fiace. Such was th;:ir hope and 
confidence in ChriA who h^d over- 
come the world, that they were 
of gobd ehcer^^xhcy could rejoice, 
and even ** giory in tribuLitknJ*^ 

Therefore the apoftle fays,fpcak- 
iog of his fu0crings and his confo- 
latioos— " as forrowful, yet always 
rffaffii^"— -and again '* I am filled 
vicfa comfort* I am exceeding joy- 
fbl in all our tribulation" — ^'^ For 
mi the fufferlngi of Chri/l abound in 
MS i/o our ConfoiatiGn alfoy abound- 
ab by ChriJ^^ — Yea, it is rcprcfen- 
ted by Chriil, thr.t thofe who cheer- 
fully fubmit to perfecution and tem- 
K-al loflcs and futTcrings for his 
c (hall be great ^aintn^ even in 
the prefent life. Mark x. 29, 3c. 
•• Verily I fay unto you, there is 
so man that Ivrdi left hcufe or 
brethren or fillers, or father or 
mother, or wife or children or 
lands (i. r. has b'jf.n deprived of 
or fuircrcd the Infs of thtfc things, 
and fubmittcd) for my fake and the 
gofpel's-^but he fhall receive an 
hundred fold, n'»*uff in this time^ 
houfes and brethren and fifters and 
foothcis and children and h.nds 
^iihfierfe£Utiotts — and in the woild 
to come, eternal life." 

Here Chrift plainly declares tliat 
tho a pcrfcn may futicr the lofs of 
>11 externa! cr.joymenia, belnrr dif- 
trciTcd and pLrfccuied fur his fa!:e, 
yctamidft all his lofTes and pcrfe- 
cuionsy he ih^'ilJ havcfuch /btisfac- 

ticn, and inward peace and joy, by 
the gracicus inlluences and com* 
forts of God's fpirit, and in the 
exercifc of that benevolent affec- 
tion by which he enters into, and 
enjoys all the happin.fs of other? 
as will be an hundred fold advan- 
tage to him, in the prtfcnt world. 
So that inAcad of being " of al! 
men moll miferiible" the apoftles 
and primitive Chriftiansy and all 
wlio have fuffered the lofs of all 
things for ChriA, in whatever age 
they may have lived, have enjoyed 
an hwulred fold wore hapfincfi^ 
even in the prcfcnt life, than they 
would have enjoyed had they con- 
tinued poffcired of all thofe outward 
comforts of which they were de- 
prived, and in a fpirit of feliifliDcfsy 
had refufed to part with them for 
Chrifl and his caufe. But if wc 
arc not to under/land the apoftle 
as meaning to intimatc» either that 
Chridians in general, or the apof- 
tles and primitive Chriftians, who 
Jived in times of perfecution, and 
fuiTcred moft were on the whole, 
as to real hnppinefs and enjoyment 
of mind, lofers by Chriftianity, 
in the prefent life — what then, is 
the me.ining of the words ? An at- 
tention to the fcope and fubje^ of 
the apoflle's reafoning in the chap- 
ter containing the word«, will afiift 
in anfwcring this qucfllon. The 
fubjedl upon which the apofile wa^; 
treating, v./.s the crronrous fenti- 
ment, embract(i,or Tivorcdby fome 
to wliom he wrote, thnt \ here would 
be no rcfurre^iicn frcm the Cl^iaA 
nor any fiiiure fta^e of rr triburion. 
In order to confute this error hs 
intinited in the firll place the in- 
coiiHliency of dt?;jyii\';« c»r dovbt- 
ing of the rcfiTrtClion of rhe d?.ad, 
and yet admittlrg the r'.niirecr'^?'' 
of Chrift, as it Teems fomr f^i 
them di:!. " Now if Clirill I: : 
piLachcd tint !:i' rofe fro\\\ vlwi 
dead, hew U^ ^ow\e ^wiqtv^ ^:^^^» 

|hat there is no refurreflion of the 

■id ! For if there be no reforrcg- 

)□ of the dead, then is Cbrift 

>t rifcn." Tiking it for granted 

I'lelore, that the doflrini; of the 

li-furrtftion »f the dead would be 

Ifeiently eftabliAi-d, ii the rcf- 

^rrediion of Chrili was proved, 

e apoDIe proceeded to fupjiort 

is truth, by lilting fome of the 

loDfcquences uhich would fiillow 

■ a dtoial of it. '■ If Chrift 

>( iifcn, then ii our prcadiiog 

iind yo;£r faith 

Rmarh m i Cvvtih. tt. 19. 



The appftic foems here to appeil 
xifciences and feelings of 
thriftiini. As if he bad faid — 
I If CtiriA i< not riita, tlifa hi) 
nife has faite^li and he is not 
lit tin of God— ^0 that all our 
■reaching that there it^lvatiOD in 
, his been,* »ajn thing, and 

part of this chapter, vdio tefliSeil 
that thay had in fuch a variety ttf 
indaoces feen, handled, and cod- 
«rfed with Chtifl after hb rditt- 
re ft! on, could not be decetre^ 
If Chrift was not rtfca, they ivcre 
al) fiUe wiinclTes and deccii-ers— 
which confiderinj aB circnmftait- 
ces, and their feiNdcniat andfufler- 
ings in the caufe, is incredible (• 
fitppafe, and abfoUitcly impollibU. ' 
And it is conceived diat the wofA 
under confidcration, weie addett 
to fbow tb; nnreafonablenefs *lMI 
abfardity of fuch a ruppoliiraA* j 
" If in tJiia life oiJy, we haw j 
hope in ChriR, we are of afl mat , 
mofl miferable." The imi«rt af 
which is this—' Ifu-e xn faVe wit- 
nelTes, and know that Chriil is 00; 
rifen.and hare no hope orcxpeA- 
aiioa of any thing from him, or 
our profelling his name, except 


Hemaris on r Corinth. X7. 29. 

1" • 

cept what we get in this lifcy and 
that b only coMiemfti perftcution^ 
p^yeriy^ noreUhednefi ana dtatb* 
The conclufion which the apoftle 
ioppoied would be drawn by every 
jatMMial mindy is, that as thefe con- 
feouences are falfe and abfiird, and 
ablohitely incredible, therefore the 
principle which leads to thcsn is 
fsMk and pernicious. If the preach- 
ing of the gofpet is not rain, but 
has been attended with a divine 
power and efEcacy« and has bro't 
thoniands to love and embrace 
ttvth againfl which every feeling 
ajad bias of the natural heart is at 
eomity — If the faith of Chriftians 
is not a vain thing, but flows from 
a divine principle by which they are 
enabled to overcome the world, 
and to glory in tribulation — And 
c^eciaUy» if the apoAIes and prim- 
tive Chnfiians who tcfcified to the 
nd of Qirift's rcfurrcAion, were 
not lalie witnefles and deceivers^ 
W fappoie which» would be to fup- 
pole that they voluntarily plunged 
into wretchedncfs, and deiigned 
to make themfclvcs <* of all men 
wft miferable" both here, and 
hereafter — then it nmUfoUoiv^ that 
Chriil is arifcn, and is divine — 

they do 'suho are hapfvs^i for the 
deadi if the dead rife not at all ^ 
Why are they then baptized for the 
dead. If you think the following 
opinion, araongft the great variety 
which have been advanced upon 
this obfcure paflagc of fcripturc, 
is worthy of confideratioa^ you 
arc at libieny topubiilh it. 

THEexpreffion bapti%ed for 
the dead may fairly be read 
baptized for the fake ^ or on account 
of the dead. Chriftian baptifm I? 
baptifia into the name of the Lord 
JcfusChrift, this is baptifm /c^r^/r 
faict or on his account. The apof- 
tle is here vindicating the doctrine 
of the refurreftion againft the cav-^ 
ils of profefFed Chridians, who 
were fo far perverted as to deny 
that dodtrine. His argomcnt ap- 
pears to be this. All Chriftians 
are baptized into tlie name of the 
Lordjefus, and you all profefsto 
believe, that the rite of baptifm, 
into his name, is divinely inftituccd, 
and cfFentialin the fclitmc of Clnir^ 

tian doilrinc. How ihcn i'u\ U : 

amonjiftvou that there is nciiLlur- 
redtion of thcclcad ? Tut, il'tlinc 
be no rcfurrcv*tion of the dv J^ 

That the fcripturcs alfo are divine, then is Ch:lil not rif.*n, aiMi 

and every do^rine they conuin, 
the tnit}i — One oi; which, of very 
ffUi importance, i >, thj rcfurrec- 
tipo of die ; that they who 
flcep in Chriil t/.ivc not pthfhcd^ 
init thail be railed, *' every mun in 
bis ov/n order : Chrif^ liie firfl 
ifints, afteiward they that aic 
Chriflfs, at his comin;;." 


To TKi Editors op the Cos- 


ONE of yov.r corrcfponJ- 
i^lthas dclircd an explanation of 
xCor. Xif. 29. El/c zvtat Jbaii 

Chrift be not riiln, then is t-jv 
picachir«» vain, tovr f'.itl^ i. ;• i;- 
i-ain, your baptifm, iiito Liic nr...n. 
j 01 Chriil, by v.h-ch you icct.\t.l 
tliC name and cli.;T.i;^tc'i of Chr..'"- 
tians, h v:tin ; foi in Uc;<d cifycii.: 
bci.'ig oaptiictd into tlio name k-: a 
divine perlon, tlic of liie. 
you :uc baptized into the nun-e 0/ 
a dw'.Ld man, vAio, fo far from b.:- 
ing able to h'.Ip and five yon, nr.!>. 
oii ^our priricipI'Jr:, ibrovcr rtn.i . 
hir::K;U ur.dcr liu doininl Mi ".■ 
di:Ath. Such u-iii-ions iliun ar 
Utterly inconfiflciU v/iih ilic Ch::f- 


tirin profcilion and hope. 
leafoniog, it is conceived, mui!» 
witbiuvh a* had ny. lov^wni 



hcii Chrlftuo jirofciEon, be wliol- 
y cooduftvc. 

But to LhU it isay be objected, 
!ut tbc spolltc's IiDguage mad 
ijtuntly ajijtlin to ceruin indiTul- 
.ilt only ; what Dull ihry da, ice. 
tod not to Chriltiwit g.-ncriJly, u 
Iiti coDliruclioa fuppoTe^ ; but I 
ippeal to the reader, wlicihet it 
tSa% aay violcace to the word* tu 
ipply them to aJi baptized Chrif- 
Ian*. \V\ui ihill U'n. at aU 
'ih-L dO) who ire biiiitiztd he tiiC 
tcid i The ^ppIicACion is not dc> 
•eftujly limited by force of 
be term itrelf; its extent then 
nuil be dctermiDcd by the fcope of 
be apstiie'a icJbning. Ag^ia 

U nuy be objeftedi tliat the 
jTttk. word tnolkted Jcaii ii jilu- 
J ; unj To it cannot refer to an 
adividua!, or to Jefus Chrill alone, 

But there f^e-TJS not to bt much 
'tight in this objcfti 

i>aJef rctigioH in JViaihrop. 


(houU deny the doAiiae rf the 
rcfurrcftioo, of cbe inutility, on his 
principles, of his baptifm ia ihc 
nunc of the Loid Jcfus. 


Alt aetpuni of a vtri tf ilhhie 
gfitif, in II rrviva/ nj rtligion, 
iu iht /ooiB 0/" WtnrHM.»T, Dif. 
iria ef M.HHt, inlhijeart 1799 
and 1600, ttimiauBtcated to tin 
££leri by ih Rev. yosdvajK 

WE read yo«f excellent, in- 
(bnftiTc, Evangelical Magatioc. 
Tbe accounts in i', of ferioui en- 
quiry, and religious refonnuioi), in 
various jiarts uf our land are iotcr- 
cfting. RcTivali of piety BIB ip- 
dicatire of the diltinguiffitngitiercy 
and goodneft of God, towards in 
apotbie world. When finners re- 


Revival of rd^U/n in Wiatbnfi 


Tuioa of the foul. The hshibi- 
tuts in general were fecure in fin. 
lafulelity prevailed } and few were 
heard tp enquire, ^ What muft 1 
do to be fared ?" Innorators in re- 
iigfont met widi reception ; the 
do^inct of grace, were difcoun- 

that fome fionera were to be (hatch* 
ed from deferred wrath, and made 
the trophies of fuvertieiif viSori' 
ous grace. As a confequence of' 
the outpouring of the divine ipiritp 
a goodlj number of every age, fex» 
and chara^er have found confu* 

tenanced ; the general afpc^t of ! lation in the things of religion, and 

things was gloomy ; a dark cloud 
V »s fuipcnded over the town ; im- 
pieties abounded ; God's goodnefs 
'vas unheeded i and his mercy un- 

The fird fabbath in Nov. x 799, 
vas a day diftinguidied, for a gen- 
eral foiemnity, in our congregation. 
The people fccmed attentive to 
hear the gofpel di^eufcd . A gen- 
eral awe was vlfible on their minds. 
Sacred, avful trutlis fcemed by 
Came to be fdt. One woman be- 
came convinced of her Cn and mif- 
cry. She found no more peace of 
■uadff until, being made feofible 
of her Turned date, and her perfeA 
4c{eiidance on the fovercign, dec- 
tmg g^acc of God, flie hopefully 
ncetvcd the Saviour. At this time 
Ibious enquiry began to be made ; 
ud heavenly and divine realities 
kpn to be attended to. Here 
lad there one enquired, ** Is there 
vy thing m religion, befides the 
dttnial forms ? Is not vital ex- 
jeiiaieiual godlinefs, fomething 
We than mere pretence ?" A fpir- 
k of grace and of fuppKcation was 
|oared out upon tiic pions few. 

are anticipating, we truft «n a right 
foundation, cdeftial bleflednefs be- 
yond the ^rave. May the number 
be increased ; reformation dill be 
carried on ; prayerlcfs &milics and 
prayerleft perfons, fee their dan- 
ger ; and become converted unto 
God J 

Some obfcrvations relative to 
the feelings and exercifes, of thole 
v/ho have come to an underftand* 
ing of their deplorable cooditiouf 
it may be proper to notice. While 
under convi£lioo, they have been 
brought to realize die total depravi'* 
ty of the heart i aQ4 ^^^^ pain of 
mind has been exquifite. They 
would often aik, *< What mujl I Jq 
tobefaved? Where Jhall I look for 
help ? How efcate the mtfery I de* 
fsrve ^" The idea of being cxpo^ 
fed to mifery greatly affeded them. 
They could not .lie down to red, 
without a fearful apprehenjion of 
awaking in mifery. The thoughts 
of eternity filled them with pain. 
Their language would often be, 
where have I been ? What have I 
been doing ? How have I mifim- 
proved holy time, God's word. 

the beginning of a reformation and providences ? They complain^ 

^u evident. The fabbath became 
ninterefling and iniporunt day. 
lebrt this, it had been devoted 
|i vyiift relaxation and mirth. 
hus were now taken to appear in 
^SaoSuary* ludruAions were 
^itiaJiy heeded. Eternal con- 
,ttniocctt|aed individual attention. 

fStj looked on, and wonder- 
Eternal mifery was feared, 

ed of a heart oppoftd to GoJ, to 
his IdiVy hi» government^ his Sou 
and s\l good people. Tliey felt op- 
pofed to the doArines of grace. 
They could not endure iht thought 
of being wholly dependant on fove* 
reign mercy, for lalvation. ThcY 
edeemed God's law fcrcre, his 

ways unjud and vncqual. Il is 
hardly polEble to exprefs their a- 
the throne of mercy addreflcd. j verfion to divine fovcieignty, and 
Cod manifefted by his ^irii^ free |^ce. The T«^J\d«^ ^tvsc^« 
di. II. No. /. X 


Revival pfnSpcm in Whahrvfi. 


tied ili<?m. At the fime timCi 
ti.ev werefenfible that ooargnmenti 
could induce ihem to rcesiTc the 
gofpd of life. Lay kfare ihem 
tiK- willingnefs of God lo Ihew 
ihem raercy, the ItilSciency of 
Chrii'.'s lighiccuftefs, his t»!l*, in- 
vititions and i emonltntnteii the 
atgurwcn;! drawn from the unrca- 
fonab'cncfs of (in, Uic pltafuretof 
pisty, ihe ihortnefs of human life, 
the certainly of death, the folctn- 
nity of the grare, the lewards of 
« ightcoufiicfi, the evcrl ailing mife- 
rj' of the ungodly, and (till they 
would ii*aiain oppofc^ and defpilc 
tht; way oftifc. N«wi(hRandn>j[ 
this, ihty were fenfifcle, iK» un- 
lefs God, inteqiofed for ilieit de- 
tiveracce, iheir 6nal mifcry wi» 
ctriiin. While laboring under 
ihe terrors of the law often would 
ihey fay, my hard heart will land 
nc in hell. O my foul how mift- 
! All 

that their das are ])atdontdt are 
very diffident ; but at times ihini; 
they can rejoice in the folbwing 
truthi : That theie it one eternal, 
felf-exiflent, almigliiy, and glori. 
0U5 Gift cauie of all tilings. They 
arc plcafed thai he jfti at Svprmc. 
They fee ihii good and holy bring 
nianifefied in every objcA around 
them, O how willinj; were they lo 
fpeak forth hii praife, ai holy, 
juft, and good i a» bidfcd forever 
more. It ga»e them joy that all 
things were in his hands. His 
governmrnl was the govemment of 
their choice. Thej- rejoiced that 
lie could gloriiy bimfirll I aodilley 
wondered why they bad not been 
praifing God for hij excdlcol 
grf atnefs and glcrvi ud his nni. 
verfat government. Thevfeemed lo 
fay in their hearts, " The Lord 
reigneth let the earth rejohe, let 
the mHlitiude of iQes be ^ad 
thereof." That C " " * ■ • ■ 


L^€ of Ae fti9. Samudfiudh 


ifl-fo p pU c a t ing the outpouring of 
the ^irit to av^lceOf coDTince, 
^nd renew the hearts of finners. 
And many find by their own ex- 
perience that to (enre God is de- 
lightfiilaBd a prayeriiii Iifcp.Ica(ant* 
.1 am* Gentlemen^ 
with much refpc4» 
yoursy &c« 
Jonathan Bskden. 

SiiUiarf tie cbaraSer^ life and 
dnA of tbe Rev, Samvrl Bv^ 
Mitt D» D, late pajlor of il)t 
Chmrebt at Eafi^Uampionf on 


[Continued from page 151*] 

GREAT and diftingui4ied as 
were tbe fidelity* diligence 
and zeal of JDpdorBocily his fuc- 
cefi wps ffiU more extraordinary. 
jl^m^^yYiv^ adorable fovereign- 
w§9 and exclude all slorying in 
mok MM means, it pleated God to 
,^l^**^i in a great raeafure, the.fpp* 
<M iiifciffnces of his Spiric from 
lisKople» for a number of the 
Uk years of his rainiftry. His 
vhich elfcwhcre had pro* 
fb fignally eJllicacious for 
MfiAion of finoers and their 
ion, fcenied here to be 
effeA. But he was after- 
more dgnally owned as a 
of Ipiiituai good, to his 
.people, than he had ever been 

Under his minifiry, there were 

^ineparticularfcafonsof the great 

[l|pilfnnarkableeffufionof the fpir- 

God. The fird, wliich was 

aoft fignal, took place in the 

1764. This revival of reli- 

pjccompanied with great pow- 

ttendcd thro all prts of the 

tgation. The whole town 

.deeply imprcfTcd ; and ohe 

atatttion of ail was, in a moll 

a manner, arrcfkd to the af- 

f ikeir iUvation^ The word 

preached abundantly ' by^ the Doc- 
tor himfclf, aud many other minif- 
ters, from various parts of the 
country, was attended with die 
mod furprifing eflPedls-r-dnd muki* 
tudes were, hopefully converted. 
T^ere were . added to the Ghurch, 
at ene • tkie, no Jcfs than ninety 
nine i)erfons, all credibly profcfling 
faving grace ; bclides many, who 
afterwards and before joined them« 
felres to the Lord And fuch 
were the bleflcd fruits of this revi- 
val that the multitude of them that 
believed were of one hpart and as 
it were, had all things common. 
The two other fcafons were left ex- 
tr«Lordifucy, .but ,flill remarkable. 
The convidtions of multitudes were 
firong aj;id .powcrCil.; and ,n^ny 
hopeful fubje^ of iaivation sveie 
ad^ed to the church. Thefe thncs 
of re&elhing from the prefencc of 
the Lord took place, die one in 
J7S5, and the other in 1791, and 
in both there was great fpiptual joy, 
thro the town. Before and be- 
tween thefe remarkable periods, 
his minillry was not without cffe^ 4 
t)ut, from time to time, finners were 
bro't hon^ to Cod and faints were 
grcatjy refreflied, (Irengthened and 
animated in the divine life. So 
that to a very large proporUon of Ji s 
congregation: he was a (piritual friilu r 

After what has :bccn faid, it 
will be prefumed tim J3odor Bu- 
ell was happy jn.his pconle. Thif; 
was indeed the cafe. He po:Ttf- 
fed their confidence in a hinli c!c- 
gree- They were at peace among 
themfelvcs, and he was amui>^; 
diem without fc4r. 

In the levolutionary war, when 
4he Ifland fell into the hantis of t!ic 
enemy, (1776) and many wac, he tlio^t it liis du;/ 
to continue with his people; ?av\ 
his prudent and vigorous cxcrrions 
were highly beneficial, not oak* vv> 
thcmy but the nc'ijj^bouv^^ VQwtvs 



rUihfiiUy iapraftd his uimotl 
uenc* in fiiTor of the opprcfled, 

often with fuccefi. By hiiin- 

mentttiiy many impofSble de- 
Jtdi of the enemy were tccal- 
, ftiid nttny rigorous ooes iba- 
Soch w« hii afliriiy, in 
cTe tefpeifh. as ofieo fubjefted 
nttoihe lefentment of the infe- 

r ofEcen *nd (bUicri ; and more 

s Wc. Id no period vis he, per- 
ps, more ofefiil, thin the Ofii- 
u In tcfflpanl uwell m (pirii- 
1 thingi, he wa) the fether of 
ipeopG, and the care of ail the 
urehcs lay tipon him, as there waj 
t one minilhTi wirhin fonyrailcj 

hiio, sHeto do fervice, and he, 
iro the infinnttiei of »%t, wa; 
nfioed to hii own con^gntion. 

DodoT Buell'sailcfitiontoihe 
uTe of Zion w»> not confined M 
K own people. He had a tendei' 
iftceiB for tnc irtte'eii^ cA the 

degree of DuftoT of Ditinfty, 
from Dartmouth College. 

As to DoSor Baell't more prl* 
»ale chiraftcT, he poffeffcd avnv 
bqipy nitntal diipol^aon. Ha 
gwiius wa! uncommonly fprightfe, 
and he was eminently formed for 
iflivity in his day and generation. 
This appean thro his whole life, 

to his chirtatr. " Whatever bis 
hind foand to do he did it whh bii 
might." Thefc qwltricf were 
highly impfoTcd, and hxpfi^y diT 
refled by the laws of ChriltiaRhy. 
Of Chriltian graces and duties h? 
was a pattern U> the flock orer 
which the Holy Ghofl had made 
him orerfeer. His heart betn|| 
enlarged by diriiie ence, he wu 
diftingoilhcd for pubHc f|nTit His 
ears were opeo tg thecrieiofdrt 
poor, and the demands of die j»b. 
lie good, ill church and ftxte. Of 
this, ai well as his lore to IHetice^ 



Lifi of the Rev^ Samuel Skilh 


friends with greater cheerfulneft | much diftIngLM/)ied for the manner 

in which he iifftrcdt as for the 
manner in \vhich he did the iik ill 
of God. Ai the joys, fo the fbr- 
rows, of his life, were great and 
peculiar — He u-aS the fubjt«a of 
many fore bereavements. In ad- 
dition to the iofs of two wivcsy in 
both of whom he was very happy» 
he was called to bury eight chil- 
dreny which, in connexion with 
four ftrvants, niade the deaths in 
))is family no Icfs than fourteen. 
Under tiiefc bcicavemcRts« (bmc 
of which were in the higheil de- 
gree alTe^iii;;, I.c difplayed the 
mofl exemplary Chriflian fortitude. 
By faith he eyed the hand of God 
and was fubminive. His perfonal 
fonows did not interrupt the duties 
of his pubh'c mlniftry. It appears 
to haye been his pra^ice to preach 
upon the occafion of the deaths^ 
which took place in his family, la- 
boring to improve them for the 

publiflied, ill which may be fccQ 
the fwcct coninofiirc of mir.d and 
rciignation of fpiiit, whirh were 
common wiih him, in luch fca- 

}ie was favoicd with uncom- 

and pleafure. 

But in no refpedt was Doctor 
'Bucll more dilHnguifhcd, than fot 
m fpird of devotion. He always 
entertained a high opinion of the 
^over and efficacy of prayer As 
he was abundant in exciting others 
to abound in this lational, profita- 
ble and delightful excicifi:, fn he 
abounded in it himfclf. He enter- 
tained a deep habitual fcnfe of his 
dependence upon God for every 
UdEng ; and was difpofed to ac- 
Itnowlcdgc and tiufl in him, under 
lU the changing circumdaiKtrs of 
life. Thus, in the maoufcript fer- 
Kftoo, preached upon the death of 
his firft wife, after enumerating the 
rhanges in his family, he adds ** I 
hope your candor will not deem it 
dfieoation for me to fay, that my 
tomfbrts were received wth pray- 
er, praife, and the joy of trcm- 
and have been parted with 

(howc%Tr nature might oppofe) j benefit of his people. Two of 

'with pniycr, fabmiffion, and, at lal^t his fermonr., on thefe occaficKs, he 

praife.** A praym^ frame he al- 

'waysconfidcrcd as a very nccefla- 

ty part of preparation ft>r tlic lanc- 

tuary, without wliich, the exer- 

cifes of the pulpit, which were 

eOmmdnly his delij^iit and life, 

were burdenfom;. 

• Soon after his fettlement at 

Eaft-Hampton he married Mifs 

ieruiha Meachani daughter oi'the 
lev. Jolfi'fih, of Cov- 
entry ; v.'ith wiu'm he lived about 
twelve yjars. Alter her death 
he contrailed a fcoond marriage 
with Mifs Miiry Mulf'ord, daugh- 
ter of Mr- £liih.i Mulford of 
Eaft-Hampton ; v.i'Ji v. horn he 
Efed twcTiiy-i'vc years. And ai- 
ler her death, he llsll contratfted a 
third nurriaj;e with Mfs Mary 
Miller, dauj'.htcr of Mr. Jeremi- 
ah Miller of kaft-Hampton, who 
Dq&ot Buell was, perhaps, as 

• 1 he one upon the dfath of hi« 
daii(;hrc!i, Mrv Conklire:, a;ii cf 
diflinjruifhi u ;.v'(.oinpIiihmcnts, and cni* 
incm piety, who dii.^! Feb. 1782. 5'oirc 
account ot her charudrr, life and dcAth 
is ur.iu'scd to the fvTinon. Tiic other 
upon tlie death of tin only fen naxiicd 
S..niuel, Mwho died of the fniitll px 
Ftb. 1 7?^ 7, aj^i'jl 16 year*. He uav u 
\nut*; of c.tcui!(.nt psrt3, and trxit- pi- 
ety — had made confiderabie advur.cei 
iu hln tiaflicu! cdu.:utirn, and the Dec- 
tor ]r.Ci]y iffduijjcci r.ilu'd Lnj m cf him Mio the iM^^port Cif hi; ru!r.« 
and f.miily, hu:u>hi« luce (Tor in t!je 
toimilry. ^!«T.:ni^k of his hfe and 
death arc U* Ic ftcn at iLe rf.d c/ :h« 

Z.ifi ■/ the Jiev. eamml BuH. 


lifiUth of bo<l)'i and fguad- 
cTs (if mindi to the laft of hit 
ay. To this the [(tift rules of 
mperiacfi which he always ob- 
rvcd, without doubt, very much 
intribiiicd. The day he was 
ghty year] oldi he rode fourteen 
ilei, preached I and returned 
irne at evenins* It was hit pray- 
that he mijht Dcit outlive hii 
efulnefs ; and it was (Ignally in- 
iTcred. He preached the iab- 
ith but one before his death. 
'is \i!i illncfs was Ihort, andtho' 
»ere, left him in the full poifef- 
>n of hij reafon. This wii man- 
:[led in thcjuRnefsaad propriety, 
' the exhortationi and advicea, 
hich he adminiftercd to thofc 
ho were about bira. In his lall 
lurs he was favored with the fen- 
)te fupports iwA confolatioDt of 
at gofpel which he had fo lone 
id with fjch glorious fuccelf 

a&cd, at one time. coDCeiniag tlie 
Rate of his mind, he TC^uefled 
hii friends, in order to obuio it, 
to read the 1 7th chapter of John, 
repeating fevrral umes the 24th 
Ter, *' Fatlier I will that they alio 
whom thou haft given me be with 
qie where I am ; that they may be* 
hold ray glory, which thou hall 
given me." Toward the \i!X, he 
repeatedly obferved ihit he felt all 
earthly connexiouto be difTolred ; 
and hi* foul appeared to be drawn 
withjvich ftrengih and pleafure, 10 
the gloriaus world of light, ihae 
he could not bear to be interrupted 
by the aliiduiues of hit friends, 
who were feeltingto adminijlcr to 
his perifliing duft — frcquenily put- 
ting them aCdc with one hand, 
wbUfl the other was nuTed to bear- 
CD) where his eyes and tui tool 
were fixed. And io this happy 
frame be continuedi ttU the prog- 


LtUtrffwm a Phjldan It bis Sifi'Or. 


Luitr from a nj^dahlt Pi^eim 
in CoanrShul, lo hUJifitr in a 
d^aat Stall. 

IT has oftea been the caTe, iha 
after I have had an interview 
with mj fricndi, I have exceed- 
ingly regreusd that die ;<reat things 
of religion have made little or no 
pdit of our convcrfation. And 
although I have often rcfolved tliat 
1 would better improve future op- 
ponunitics, yet have too generally 
fbuad that a multiplicity of otiier 
eOKcrns, logeiUiTwich acriminiti 
bacLwardncfs to introduce tliofc 
glorioiu fubjeAs, have made fubfe- 
quent vi&ts as unprofitable as the 

quent vib 

As tt is very uncertain whether 
we dull ever again msct in this 
voildt aad cvtn if we Ihould, it 
ii to be feared that things of litilc 
importance miglit as heretofore too 
Buchfwcrfede rcliB>ous convtrfa- 
■ias t 1 now embrace a f,ivoTMblc 
i^oruuiity to writi: to you, lio- 
piag it may be a means of liirring 
■p both our minds to more dili- 
gence, watclitulnefs and pra)-cr) 
d^iJly at this tiiiie ; in thcfe 
days oi the d<.cep^iun of the on- 
dan Spiritsi ulii^h l.avc erideat- 
lygone fbr.h into the vjbvlu eaith, 
logatber tlic r.itionst.i 'he baule 
of that %iv\A d^y wf God Al- 

1 beli^i-e ibat ^11 -jndcrSanding 
Chiiftiani are ii^rued, thai the 
pclcnt is ilie time of which God 
hit fo abundantly warned his 
dmrch in hii word ; the time in 
«4)ich he has told us tliere fliould 
hefcaffcrs, murniurers and com- 
lUoen walking after tiieir own 
Wb; thofe perilous tinies, or per- 
haps the beginning of them, when 
4we(hall be proud bUfphcmen 
^pilui of thEife that arc good 
Penmen will not endure found 
^Bfihncs, but will privily liins ia 

damtuble hercGes ; and although 
(hey may have a form of Godtt- 
nc»i wUl deny the power ; ard 
when artful and powerful deceiv- 
ers niall arifc, fo that if it were 
polEble, they would deceive the 
rery Etefl. ■ 

And how important is itt that 
ill who proa-fs fiicndrhip to Chrin 
fhould be on their guard \ that they 
(hould watch and keep (heir g;ir- 
ments, left Tlivyalfobc Ibund iw- 
tCed ; that thty fhould not believe 
every Spirit, but try the LSpirits 
wbetlier they be of Cod \ that 
ihty IFioutJ beware of dogs, of 
wolves in ibeeps cloathing; ihar 
they (hould mark the men iliat 
make divilions, and avoid botli 
their corrupt fcntimtnts and praAi- 
ccs. Andcrpccially how infinite- 
ly important dues this appear, when 
we rtilcft that tliete is no neutral 
fUtion ; but all who are not found 
among the Ibllowcrs of the I.amb, 
clothed in fmc linen, white ::r.d 
clean ; h11 who are nut called, and 
chcifcn,an.l faiil.fhl, will be foniiil 
amon^ thofc that nuke \.ti- viii:( 

Happy indeed would it be {•' 
none but profelTcd CAcmi:^ to ■■>.,■: 
Chriftian religion were to Le f<>'.:r<! 
in arms again!! heaven. I:::!.:.-! 
of this, it appears tliat fcrie u.' 
the nwH hurtful adveifiifiis to 
Chriftand his chuteh, Mt to be 
fuund ;in-.i)na tbofc tb^t iflat.L' M<;h 
profcllions of fiicndfhip. 

There is one portion ilutt I cor, - 
ceivc will not be cmtrimrted; 
and that is, a man eaimot l:-j i. 
friend to God, and at the :,i:iie 
time difapprovc of his law iir ;Tgv- 
ernment I we cannot be fritnulyn 
Chrili while we oppofe the dti- 
ttincs and precvpts of the f.^'l'^''- 
But that theft- .lofltiucsare c-;;.^- 
I fed, and God's univerfiil ;;ovtm- 
I mentdifputcd andub'^<:A':d wsV; 


LflUffrtinfi Pi^tHM 19 hit Sf/ltri 

liTors, i» beyond costntdiaioo. 
|lgw foitay o^jcAidQf art ^licrc lo 
fireieigoty of God ; ihai he 
lill htrt mercy on whom he wil!, 
Ld wliox) lie will he hjFtieneih. 
pi^w [QUcIi Tault with iltc djiSrine 
idccrKS, ot panicular elc:- 
tJia- Gud fljttuM iVoiB etcr- 
■ity ilclignatc the olycfls of his 
BccLVi {;iv(^ ^ ctruiu number to 
BKritt, and deterDiiiic to Iimti tlic 
\H tu ferid), and ili't he dioM 
'Z iujliisiiced in this choice by 
ty thinj roiefecn in the charae- 
T of the EleA i Uui wholly Troin 
lotivcs *ithm himftlt' -, etcn fo, 
ir To it Teemed good iii bi^ filbt. 
' w much ii r^iil aeainfl the doc- 
« oj' total dcpravuy i that uao^ 
icd withiHii the oew birth, arc 
y dLftitute cf halbort ; tliat 
are ooly evil ; and <ictemi- 
nemii.* to God. And how 
l3 1} there tajcen to e:f- 
tlic new birth, and 

How mucl) CAiiiliog ii tbcrf 
agiioft the tJofltine of ^olme ana 
entire dependence — thu ve have 
no claim on mercy, and that it it 
impolBbte fer u* to lay God und^ 
the (eaft obligation to belp us ) bat 
thai we lie entirely at his rovcieiga 
ntcrcy, and that be will five or 
dC'ltruy us as Hull ba rtwJt fw hi> 

how sTcry ore that has tead 
the bible witli atientioa muft know 
ihat it is fuU of tlicfi: io&nafp 
and that they arc there much iiH 
filled an as eJTtnual to be not only 
belkrcd but l&vcd, and yet it is U 
well knawn that they aiennch fpM 
ken ag^iinft. 

hi£dfIi.:Lil> to find ctrtwbM 
nanltind uould hive. Cod at 


.the human race V»iv If 
kw ibat it ceitaiiily uoobfeftioa** 
blc I that reijuirrs ootbiae of W 
but what ii muli reafoaaUs thoa 
we ftioutd pcrfori 


LaUrfrom a Phjificia* ta hii Sj/ldr* 


thing more is dones there u not 
one of the humayi race bat what 
will faSBu eternai damnatioA, rath- 
er than embrace the ialvation of 
tl^egp^-— now what c^nbe done ? 
whsLt in heaven or earth, can help 
fuch mUerableyobftinate wretches ? 
Siireljr oothiog but fovereign mer« 
cy.*-F-^Qthing bnt free grace.— 
Notlung ^ort of cverlafting clec- 
tiofg lore. 

God has a^ually brought this 
into vicv$ and what has been the 
confeqaepce ? — the conlequeocc 
IS, it bat fiet the world in a rage. 
Svery thing isfaiJ againft it ; and 
MaioQ thofe that pr(;xch it ; and 
God is accnfcd of partiality and 
injuftic^y and while JcTus Chrift in 
view of the fubjed, breaks out in- 
to a bply lapuurey and thanks his 
Kcatealy father on this account ; 
and aiifob rejoice s^-this world is 
fUid with complaints, O the a- 
Mziag ingratitude, Aupidity and 
TOkedacfsof the felfifh heart. 

It would be impoffible to enu- 
merate all the objed ions which are 
made to the doctrines which have 
been mentioned. It is often (aidy 
they deftroy free agency ; but we 
all feel that we a^ freely notwith- 
fianding ; without any force againft 
our wilisy and God certainly con- 
fiders it in tins light, and will tf eat 
OS accordingly. It is faid aifo, if 
the(e do^rines are beliercd, it will 
prevent all exertions to efcapc fa- 
fare wrathy and obtain heaven. 
And why is not the fame obj<rc- 
tion urged againfi driving for the 
food things of this life ?-^hcy ap- 
ply equally in this cafe. But who 
«tcr heard any object againA fow- 
jog and planting, or employing a 
Phyfician ra a dangerous ficknefs, 
00 the groundy that it depended 
iMirdy on the immutable counfcls 
«f God whether he (hould have a 
Aop 4ir recover from his difeafe. 
Vhi 6ft iSf temporal ibodfandbod- 

Vov. U, No. J. 

ily he^lthr are confidercd of tod 
ninch importance tobe negleA^ on 
fuch a frivolous cxcufe ; and we al- 
ways find that where there are any 
juft apprehenfionsof thexmportance 
of fleeing from the wrath to come^ 
we hear no more of this obje^ion. 

Some fay, that they are at bed, 
itoprofitable doctrines ; and there- 
fore though truCy ought not to be 
preached-*. Now this is certainly 
charging God fooIi/h|y. God has 
revealed fuch things to us as he 
thought beft ; and is it not very 
extraordinary that we (hbuld un- 
dertake to fay he has made a mif- 
take ; and taught us things in which 
we had no concern. But thele, 
and many morcy are objedions that 
were never made by the humble 
penitent, and never will be ; the 
rcpentingpublican and the prodigal 
never thought of them. But they 
were invented entirely^ through 
the pride and obfttnacy of the car- 
nal heart ; and arc perHAed in from 
a total blindnefs toourrcalfituation. 

The faft is, we are flck, even 
to death ; while we think that lit- 
tle or notliing ails us ; as pour as 
the curfe of God's law can make 
us; and yet feel importanty and 
rich, and well able to take care of 
ourl'clvcs. Dead in trcfpalTcs and 
(Ins ; and yet greatly diflurbed 
with even die mention of fovereign 

And it is clearly the cafe, that 
oppofitionto thcfe great and glori- 
ous gofpel defines, and indeed to 
the goljpel itfcify isthe parting point, 
where moft of the errors and nume- 
rous leparations of tbeprcfent day 

Hence we fee fuch violent op- 
pofition to a regular fupport of gof- 
pel minidersy and multitudes ob- 
truding themlelvcs into the minify 
try, that have never been conic- 
crated to that work according tQ 
the vn^rd q£ Go^ 

I i86 Danpr «f aJ^pitng. 

Htncc we hear fo much agalaft 
Ithe doiflrine of the fiimj perfcve- 
Irjnce. The ordinance of bapiifm 
It! difregaTdciJ by many ; the Koty 
ll^ibbath gireo up ; family prayer 
Ittifcaided, and llic worihip of (he 
Blanfhiary neglefted. And hence 
BArminhnifm, Uni'vi;rfilifm, Infi- 
Idelity and Atheifm, together wilh 
lull the UDfcriptural errors and prac- 

rcM of ihii ungodly world. 
Bat I mult conclude, earnellly 

Tayinj, that God of his foTc- 

|alt troth ; mike ui faithful to do 
S v.-ill ; f^ive ui all th,it grace and 
■enjth which we need s grant 
at we may matiifcft' our lore to 
m by keeping hi« commandments, 
|indih«t he wonMglority his grace 
ion ; rhit he would 
Ljif]>el the thickening cloud of er* 
:onfi]fion of the prefrnt day, 
I the earth with his gloty 
l> Jcfas Chrirt. 


There 11 

I young man of mf 
acquaintance who was otiee ami^ 
bic and promiiing, rej^ahr in hb 
life and cortTcWation, and IteadyHi 
attending on puBlic woilhip. A 
few years ago he emfcruced Ait 
doflrine »f univerfal fa!vatio»--* 
finee which he appears to be to- 
tally changed. Hi is no longec 
the amiable and (letidy young mia 
ibathe formerly was. Helus bi> 
come ferocioui in his maaner»— • 
proline — contentious — fo that bii 
fhmtlyand nei^botirs oAen fed the 
eflefls of his contcntiotu ^rit 
He fa.i? thrown off all appearanee 
of refpeA 10 religion, !wd Mves !■ 
the total neglefl of jniblic-refigioat 
worihip. 1 hare o^nr endearouf*' 
ed to conrinci; him of fais crrots 
from fcripiore arguments, but \A 
rain. Ina late coaveHatian, I ip- 
gued with^him on the lettdency of 
the doL^rines he had cmbraKdl 
I referred him to his fbrmtf co«r(e 

M8ot.3 Danger ef adapting trruumu/ettimenlt. 


and . perniciooB error — and in .|iis 
bands we mufl leave liim. 

As princijJcs like thcfe will not. 
do to live by, fo thcyy will nx)t do 
V) die bj. However Uicy may 
flatter the fccmc./ioncr, and cafe a 
guilty confcience in health and 
|>roiperttyt they will be a poor fuj)- 
port in a dying hour when the (in- 
ner feeb hinilcif juft about to ap* 
pcai in tlic prelcncc of a bQJy 

I have 'been acquainted wkh 
another pcrfon, who died a few 
rears £nce« who in health difbc- 
iiercd the divinity of Chriit and 
believed that all men will be faved. 
He was a pcrfon who was very 
fond of dilputinj;. I faw liim 
when in health and had frequent 
deputes with him en thefe fubjc^. 
I told him thattho he mi|>bt be iat- 
Isified with his fchemc in healdii it 
would fail him in the near view 
of death. He had a fe>v jnonths 
be&>rc been very fick. I remind- 
ed him of his Cckncfs* and aflced 
bim whether he was thenfatisiicd 
with his principles and was willing 
10 die by them. He faid lie was 
not bnt was much diflrcfFed in his 
mbdyleft they iliould not prove 
tnie. I alked him whether it was 
&fie tnifiing to a (chcnic, which 
vonld not fupport him in the time 
vhcn he mofl needed fupport ? He 
Kknowledged it was not, but ad • 
jkd he was not fowellcoiirirmed 
whit fc^ntiments then as ho had 
■oce been, but now he was wil- 
*g to die by them. I told Iiim 
^ Was altogether probable he 
^VMild change his mind when he 
c^tte to look death in the face — 
^ that as he had made one trial 
^ found no comfort in the prin- 
9fki]ie had embraced, he would 
^ t wife part to renounce them, 
^ endeavor to fix his hopes on a 
Vove firm bafis. He ftill pcrfiflcd 
^ kil vror. Soon after i!iis he 

.was vifited Mdth fijkncfs durin;; 
which time I frequently faw him. 
His confidence was . ihaken. He 
faid that tho he bad felt -confirmed 
in the dodlrine of.univerfal falva- 
tion, yet now he began to fjarhe 
was in an error. As his difeafe 
cncrcafed his fears were more 
alarmed. . He now did not find 
that evidence in. fupport of his doc- 
trine which he thought he did be- 
fbre^-rCOAfctence was alarmed-:- 
the charafier of a holy God came 
into view — his confidence was 
gone and with it his hope of di- 
vine mercy. He frequently afked 
with apparent carneil folicitude 
^' wliat can I do ? I mud relin- 
' quifii ,tbc hope of all mankind 
' lx:ing fined, and as 1 ha\e never 

* become holy, but depended on 
' being faved in my fins, I can have 
^ no hope of the mercy of God. 
' As for Jefus Chrift I know him 
^ not and cannot believe his divin- 

* ity — and therefore cannot cm- 
' brace him as God-man mediator. 
^ I can hope only in God's mercy 
' without regard to an atonement.'' 
He w^Ls told that God difplaycd 
lys mercy in faying finners, only 
through^jcfus Chriflas the great 
attoning facrifice, and that out of 
Chriil he was a confumin«^ fire. 
He then faid he could Irave no hope. 
" But O, faid he, whither fiiall 1 
fly, or what can I do ?" He was 
indeed a nioft pitiable obje*^-^His 
eves fecmed to roU in an-'uill!, tcr- 
ror took hold upon him, the vicv/ 
of a holy God filled him wiih dif- 
trds, he .J:cpt calling on all about 
him for help, his itrcn-^th failed, 
but his fears bccimc gi cater and 
greater witht^ut any fjnlible altera- 
tion until he expired- 

I (hall only add, it is a miferable 
fchenie of doilrine which encour- 
ages a finful life and uill yiwld no 
rational comfort in the fokmn hour 
of dcailu 


On Ccjifrrenu Mfttiitji. 


I The above defcriptioni are not 
"" ou*. bni rcolrtiet. Iclioofcio 
Irooccil iheir namei and my own. 
It of wndemer* lo the furrlTitig 
Iricndi.but inx willing the fjAs be 
l>ubli/hed in hope they may fcrvc as 
1 beacan to wud others of the dan- 
ger of fuch erronetn.* ferttimenu- 
T Oh, thit Gnncrs niigbi tremble 
mi the thought of cmbtado^ fnch 
'ons principles. Let then) 
Irdmii nothing into their fcheme of 
pligion which u-iH aal encoarage a 
Jloly life and^eld peaceintbc honr 
|)F death. Thrre ii no nceeDSty 
ing to fnch vain reiugcs if 
bicy ore willing to lay afide their 
bus and become holy. And the 
fcriptures of truth aflute us that 
■iihui ho/iiufi no manJhaUftc ibc 

another," &z. \V!itrc two or 
thtei Ihall meet together, in the 
name of Cbrift, the glorious Ira- 
nianuel hath promifed lui prefence. 
Thofc who 3!c united ia the fame 
blefledGodand Sarioar, who are 
Influenced by the fame Ipirit, who 
hare one common enemy to oppofa 
and the fame grand iniereft topttr> 
fae, and who firmly espefl all to 
dwell in the fame holy and happy 
foctety forever ; muA oeceflanlj 
take pccniiar delight in religious, 
foe iai inter eoinfe. Sudi meetiogi, 
when conduced in that nunnet 
which becomeih the worfhippers of 
the God cf order, are happily cd- 
cuijted to increafe divine knowU 
ed;;e, to quicken and anitnate, to 
fupport and cDmfott,>nditi a word, 
to ripeo for glorj-. With theft 
views, when in dliictent ftaecs df 
my miniflry, it hath pleafed tfeb 
fitihcr of mcrciei, in fbifte filuO 
meafure, to reriee hii work ailtoM 


On Confirmee Mfetmjf, 


'azice and judge the [mbllcation of j 
them may tend to eucourage both 
roiniften and people to perfcvcrc 
in improving every conrenient op- 
portnntty of communicating and 
receiving religious knowledge^ they 
are at yoar fervicc. 

Rejoicing in the profpeA of the 
extenuve utility of your evangeli- 
cal repofitory, permit me to fub- 
fcribe myfclf. Rev. Gentlemen, 

Your affcdioDate brother, 


From SsM£Fj to her Pajlor^ 
MondayeveoingOdl.' 131 i8cx3. 

I Hope Sir, there arc none of 
the youth who attend your fab- 
Inth evening ledurcs, that are en- 
tirely infcnfible of the privilege 
iliey enjoy, and of their obligations 
ID yon for the pains you take to in- 
fbufi them in the hejl things — I 
fhift there are at lead a few who 
are not wholly deaf to your pioas 
Admonitions, and who feel, in 
fome good degree, the force and 
propriety of them. But whatever 
return you may meet from »/, fure 
1 are that your care and pains {hall 
not fail of an ample reward. — And 
Aould the feed, which you are 
nov implanting in our minds, ap- 
pear at prefent to produce no good 
' nmit, yet perhaps hcrca^cr it may 
Ipring and flourifli, when your lips 
mail be fealed in death and your 
body mouldering in the tomb. 

Never can I fufficiendy render 
that tribute of gratitude I owe to 
the great author of all mercies, 
tea the innumerable advantages I 
CDJoy for obtaining religious inftruc- 
tioa. Should I at lad fall fhort 
of the One thing nsedful^ ihould I 
not follow the example of tlic ami- 
tftfei the pious* Mary, who chofe 
'ibtit gooJ fartf horn aggravated 1 

O how unhappy ! I beg your pra\> 
ers, dear Sir, that I may not only 
be a hearer, but a Joer of the word ; 
that I may not be of that genera- 
tion who arc pure in their own 
eyes, yet are not cleanfed. There 
is fo much oppolition in my heart, 
that I find it much eaficr to fpeak 
well of religion than to aft at all 
times agreeable to its precepts. 
The power of the God of this 
world is at prcfcnf ver}* great. O 
that I may put my whole depend- 
anceupon him, who istheftrength 
of all thofe who put their uuft in 
him 1 If I hare allowed my pen 
too much liberty, be pleafed, Sir, 
to pardon and belicvt me atall times, 
Your (inccre and 
affedionate friend, 


' From SfKRir:4 to her Pajlor. 
Odl. 16. 1800. 

Honored and Vforthy Pqfiorj 

SINCE our glorious Immanicl 
condefcended tovifitthe peo- 
ple in this vicinity, there has been 
a groat, an amazinp alteration, ef- 
ptcialiy among ihofc who have at- 
tended the meetings. I mufl char- 
itably hope, that a conHderablc 
number have rcfigned thcmfclvcs 
up into the hands of a merciful 
God, and may be ililcd the friends 
of Jtfus. And there are many 
more who fccm in fome degree to 
lificn to the things' which belong 
to their everlafting pc;icc. The 
convcrfatlon is changed in almorc 
every houfe. The tonf^ue which 
was employed in vain triiling dif- 
courfc is now talking about meet- 
ings and religion. The hands 
which were employed in trifling 
plays and vain pleafures, are now 
ufcd in handUng the book of life. 

The eye* dux viwcWixw^xoxiTA. 


RiJitti/e not titl^ of tnuh. 


nn es«y objcfl to £nd plejfurc, 
irv fixed upon the holy ftripturei j 
:lic ball-cbatnbcr ii^ulTi-'d by< and 
Jic cheijuct- board, which confo- 
med fo much prtcious time, ii laid 
ilidt, together with all v^inamufe- 
mcois. ChiiiUani liavc been alive 
n religion, and we imy Uy with 
Jacob," TbeLordis in thisplacc." 
And I behrve ihe blcffcd Jcfuj 
; DOW l^nockiBg at the dour of the 
icaru of many poor (ioQcrs anions 
II, and I cannot Itui hopetbey wJI 
tfcallcdto ihefhccpJoldofChrift. 
Vliho' fuch viiits of srace ace geo- 
TalLy fhon, yn Chrilt Hill cor.tiib- 
iM 10 hear and it feeou is cairying 
,a a gloriju! work.. 

1 hope Sir yoQ will not be dif- 
outagcd about keeping up the 
ineeiingi, fmce Chrilt fpcnt three 
cars with little fucc^fs. Hepcr- 
:iftly kacw every foul that would 
e converted, yet he calls upon 
till his head ii filled with 

reiibn to fvar that the hatnan mincl, 
ever inclined to extremci, having 
boce brokcfi iuanti-chiilliaBftuck- 
cts, will now Tibrate into tl^ oppo- 
fite extrcBe of fcepticilia ioUir- 
criminatcty rejeifling the whole of 
Chriftianity. The Itrong abhor- 
■tnce of the conuptioos in falfc re- 
ligion, while cbe flrength of tlie 
indignation Lifts, will tend lo hiied 
thciuind and harden the he^n, and 
ferve a» a pretext for icjc^ng tlie 
real gofoel of Jefu» Ch.ift. The 
want of a proper (tilliii^tioCf be- 
tween true Chrillianity and Ami- 
chriAianity, hai prohaUy been one 
principal ground of the fatirical 
writings of Voltaire and other jle- 
iftical writers. For when \'oliairc 
examined the holy fcripturej, sod 
liieir excellent do^riaea. he could 
not Crmly refill tlieir convinciag 
influence upon bisowa coDTcieoce. 
The afTrigtiting horrorjof his U& 
tjcknefs, and his wrcuhed death, 


Xidlculi not f be iefi of truth. 


and of all thofcfuturc retributions, 
moral obligations and natural af- 
icAions, which, when properly 
-chcrifhedy are produfiive or the 
fwccteft enjoyments of life, and 
without which all the bands of or- 
der muft enevitablybe deftroyed. 
Bat, Aall man, 3 reafonable creat- 
ure jud^e of truth io this hafty 
snaaner ? Shall he plunge head- 
long into every kind of vice, bru- 
tality and wickednefs, if he can 
find an example in hiilory to keep 
him in countenance? What arc 
greatncfs of talents without good- 
oefs of hearty but an empty found 
—the fleeting bubble of a dav ? 
What confiderate man would glo- 
ry, to fliine in the page of hiftory, 
JUte the lingular Voltaire, if like 
Voltaire he muft miferably die, in 
nmmentUe hoiror, the wretched 
TiAfm of his own mad philofophy. 
Shall man, born for eternity, blind- 
ly follow, wherever fuch a genius 
nmblcs, regardiefs of the way, 
and of the difficulties and dangers, 
to which he is every moment ex- 
poficg himfelf ? Yet, the veiy 
name of the tinfellcd Voltaire as 
the atheiftical leader of a fc^ of 
infidels, has led many fooliHi youth 
to glory in their (hamc, and, with- 
out examination, to rejedl the word 
c»f God. But, u here is the bouf- 
t ed reafon of the man, who fol- 
lows the example of another man, 
without knowing why he follows 
him? Truephilofophyinvcfllgatcs ; 
it fceks for truth, vihercvcr it may 
be found ; it builds only on that 
Cfidence, which the wreck of mat- 
ter and the crufli of worlds will 
oefcr fliake. Ridicule was never 
yet its grand bafrs. The man, who 
bid it down as an axiom, ** Ridi- 
cole is the tcft of truft," was ci- 
ther ignorant of truth, or ignorant 
of the human heart. In fevcral 
' ycats obfervation of the conduA of 
1^ I never yet have fccQ the ar- 

tillery of ridicule bro't into the 
field of literary contcft, upon any 
weighty fubje£t, in the way of ar- 
gument, where the truth was not 
known to be fully eftabliflied from 
other evidence, till the fide of the 
employer became doubtful — till he 
began to fear his caufe to be def- 
peratc — ^in fhort, till di (pairing of 
gaining his point byjuflrcafoningy' 
he fled to the ufe of this weapon, 
as his dernier refort, in hopes of 
efTeftlng by a witty turn of expref- 
fion what never could be defended 
by jufl reafoning. It is more tru- 
ly an axiom, The ufe of ridicule, 
in the way of argument, in rcafoiv- 
ing upon an important qucfticn, 
not already clearly eflablifiitd by 
other evidence, is the general teil 
of a weak and defencelefs (idc of 
the queftion. For ridicule is nev- 
er ufed, by any fenfible man, in 
ferious argumentation, in fcatch of 
trutl), till all his treafures of evi- 
dence are exhaufted. It is the on- 
ly artillcr}', which can be ufcd 
with advantage, in a deftierate 
caufc. The reafon is cbviors. 
For it has a peculiar charm to take 
the mind off from clofc thinking, 
and by unexpedtcdiy pleafing it, to 
make it forget all fa it her feaith :.(- 
tcr the real truth. This is t!>c 
grand reafon, why ritliculc l.ns fuch 
a fudden influence upon mobs, Ttnd 
all the undable aad unthinking part 
of mankind. Uncxpe^cdly plcaf- 
cd, they fall in love with the pkal- 
CT,and wholly forget thcrenitiuih, 
they are in fearch after. It is icv 
ihis peculiar tendency, whichred- 
iculc poflcfitF, (f unhinging the 
mindfrcni clufc thinking, and tl.u - 
by untxpt>5tcdly plcafing, prepar- 
ing it to llray into ll.e fiattcrin^y 
paths of error, that it is fo mucli 
ufed in doubtful and dtfpcraic car- 
fcs. It is for this reafon, that all 
inlidcl books are filled whh ^ciUi^^ 

and buffooucvy, luu^fctivtv^x.:'^^^ 

RiScaie not ih* l{fl tf a^. 


I lite KK(i fohma and ifUcrcdlDe 

I fuiijcA which CTtr cngnccd the at- 

' <n of man. ItiBdrls know, 

irgumcau — real truth will 

gain (hem a fingic preWyte. 

iThey know ihey mujl fitlluRhinge 

mind, by the charm of ridicule, 

. diiu daikcD the UnderlUnt]- 

lln^, or the truth of the bible, fhi- 

Iniag like the fun in the mEridian 

|of heaTtn, will forever rcliA their 

u'Lckcd jilemptj to hardeo mm in 

lio. The vtlbny ofinfidtiliiy ihere- 

llore glaringly ^tpcari, in the very 

Imians which infidels employ to dc- 

Iptave the beam of men. Ridi- 

lie — forever ridiciile,in 

:ODVcrfation, in bootis, inailconi- 

ici, con tain t kU ihs Ihuogth of 

r boaJted pltilofophy. li ridi- 

Icule thea troly philofophica) i Or 

■|S it of the niturc of infallible de- 

tnftradon ? No : it is ftr from 

Ibciog fa. Ii hath in all nges of 

[the world, when improred 

ing but a glklcrifij cltfat^— «ho ri- 
fcs above it, lii^e the iauoMcablc 
rock to the ocotto, re^tdl^ of \ht 
daAiing of its tcinpcliuouswairBft.— r 
He knows the real evideiicc of de- 
moiiltration is always to be looked 
lor, from anotlier fource. The 
man therefore, who poffcfTod oi a 
compiehealifc mind acd extenfivc 
kriowlE(lge> appcilt to ridicule as* 
the Only ted of truth, oa the ini- 
ponant fubjcfi of theexilltnce 'of 
a God, or of tlic truth of a divine 
re(elatiaQ,li willuily blind to truth. 
He rifes apainlt ail, that hy the 
common IcBle of mutiind, w til- 
led general, denionllraied truU:, 
If hii confcience be aoi fcaied as 
with ao hoc iron, at tioics, be C3A- 
DOC fail of Itcing iluog, with fuch 
painfuJ raoii)t:Dl9 of ffuk ud Iw- 
ror as ib^t pen wit, tlie Earl ei 
Kocheflcr once kit, for r«caniD( 
to this ddufire leJl of truth. Tje 
i^ed from bis a 


Om Cbr^tprajir im ihtgOrJeK. 


* fridethcmfelYn in ridicuUng God 

■ aad religiDat drayiDg hii being 

* orkif pravidcncc :) but that he 
^nught become an honeA roan, ud 

■ nf m tntfy rdigiou chuaftCTi 
> wfaick ml; could be the fuppon 

* nd Ucfing of Us family." 



Vbo^ltt m emr Smiioiir't prajtr 
im At^nht, " Q my Father, 
ifkUf^Mf, y ihU tufpafi 
Jrtm mt^ 7be funu ptlition 
b^r^aratkSffimllji ai, 
« TA«* iht hoar mghl p^ijrom 
him i aud " Tiat Ibt Falber 
vmUd tale awaj ihit evp." 

IT b wcU known, that, in the 
^orative language of fcrip- 
tBK) the tenn o^ often lignifiM 
the diipgnittioni of providence, 
both ID wiji of affiAion and mer- 
cy. The 6rft it denoted by the 
m^ ^ trtrntSfg ; the othct by the 

Srffiivalien. Our ditine Lord 
n to giievoui fufferiDgi, which 
he l&M ftk ; or had in profpea. 
Many haTC fuppofed that the in- 
digautand cruel treatment, which 
he was fboD to meet with, from 
Jadas and the rude company 
^■ch would attend him ; from 
Ae Jcwilh Snbedrim, and the 
anmcm people ) from l^te, and 
fimi the foloien, who would cx- 
" ectte hit fcntence, filled him with 
lUssverfaeariDgdiftrefs ; andca-j- 
fcd lui human nature almoll to 
feriaJc back from his all-important 
' tDderttking. They confidet his 
^pmy as arifing from the difmal 
M^cA before him, rather than 
mot any preftrnt feeling. That 
Hit were confiftent with that plan 
of radeniption, which was early 
' ■Mini ml in the divine council, he 
■i^ be fared firom death, 01 
MM tbofe agcnvating circaraftao- 
• Vou II. No. J, 

with which he fordaw it 
would be attended. Divinet ^ave 
^erally fuppofed that our Sar- 
iour'i agony was occafioned by 
Jbme uide which he only could 
dilcem aad feel ; fbmething which 
lay Anthill and made hii foul ex- 
feeding forrowrul. And yet, 
when ihey fpealc of his prayer* 
ihey confider it as alludmg to fuF* 
feiinga, of which he had no prc& 
eat aAual feeling ; and that he 
prayed, (tho witb fubmiJEon to 
tbe Father's fovereign pleafure) 
chat it might be removed from him, 
L e. prevented ; and he never 
bave thoTe affliAivt feelings, whicli 
he expeAed thofe fuficringi would 

But are there not reafooi to 
believe, that thefe are not the cup 
inteoded i 

I. We are tolddiat his agony 
tegan foon after he emered the gar- 
den. This fecms to intimate that 
it was caufed by fbme nmi impref- 
fion ; fomethlng, of which he 
could ha^e no clear and full prof- 
peA, previous to this time ; and 
therefore, when it aflually came 
upon him, he was, almolt, over- 
come with an amazing horror ; 
fuch diftrelling confternation fei- 
zed upon him, as had a wonderful 
effcft upon his animal frame, for- 
cing; the blood, in copious meaf- 
urea, through the po^e* of bis 
body. The e?cprcl1ions are re- 
markable, hf bigan to he fori oma- 
ntH aad vary heavy. The cop* 
which he ptayed might be remo- 
ved, w»s this diftrefi, or that 
which oecafioned this amazing ag- 
ony ; of this he had, indeed, fomc 
foretalte j which threw him into 
fomething of the fame conderna- 
tion, and forced from him a limi!::' 
petition , as in JoJm xti. * 7- 
Novj ir my faul Irouhkd ,■ and 
ruhat Jball 1 fay f Father, fafe 
rue from thit boar. He <'^*»V>*.* 

Om Christ frajtr i» lie gariai. 


c ilmod at hi) witi end ; wh« 

lit to fiy. ilut now ibe hour 

IS come ; aod «« hour of thick 

llarknclt felt upon him ; which tr- 

Vm i-u fore »tiia±eiatnl ; aAi zwa- 

\ii Uini to (ryout in »n aj^ony of 

jillVct, mv /W » ix:rtH:<ig for- 

wir/ul ; aad u lie appr:lii:i»dcd, 

,n:e Jiaib. He hai « cicM 

V of Ui^i fceii« of ful&rings 

Lvbicb waiild begin upon tb« ap- 

^(Oicli of Judas, liefure, ai at 

inllant ; and often fpake of 

f hofe evil ihiDgt, which he wai to 

: hands of wicked 

And lis hardly prohable 

11 a liitU nearer vkw of then 

^uld, at once, awaken all liis 

Lalikful apprehenlion^i aad have 

:li a fuUden anif oTutbearing ef- 

Anoiher thought istJil*. That 
' things, uhkchour Saviour 


■ufer fi 

with from hii perftci 


wrath fof fin ; and a dole con- 
flifl with the powen of darknefs. 
^tao \v^■^ now let loofc Bpon him. 
Thij iiycvr bt>»r, fan CXirifl. t<r 
the multiiudc, whkh eaiRc to ap* 
prchcnd him, and ihe frt^-cr *f 
dartnrfi. Hc had, a liiiie before, 
toid his difcipks, that ibe friatt 
ef thii '■jjcrlJ t»melb ! uitbotlt 
doubt, 10 affault him with hi* fio 
ry ixm. Aod, who can tell, 
into wh^it ajonizin^ diftrefa thai 
otdfcrpcnt, the deTil, could throW 
him, when freed from divine ro 
flraint I 

Rut the ftrokes which were bod 
npon him by the hard of dttine 
juftice, were ftill note orefbear- 
ing. The Father now afliuned 
the charaflcr of fuprtmc judge, 
caULnf; for the fmerJ lo JwMe /iSF 
man, wiff viat hU j»uwi, A 
flea/rJ thf Lord (mv,) m fnt/fr 
hm, and to put him l» grief ; mi 
to lay apon f-im the iniqmiy ef tu aff.- 


isctter to a cd^lefs Jinntr, 


i>e had t^crtd up prayer* and fup- 
fiicatioHif nvithjirong crying and 
iearjf Ml/a him that zvas able to 
faive him from death ; and •<was 
heard in that be feared. This re- 
fers to that agonizing prayer, ^-hich 
•OUT Saviour put up in thi: garden, 
ami repeated three times. God 
heard bm^ t* c. granted him his 
re<^oeft,iii that he feared. But if 
the thing he feared, and which he 
prayed xni^tpaTs from him, was 
that cip^f amidlion, vrhich would 
be pat into his lund by \i'Ickcd 
men, it does not appear that he 
was heard. For all tliofs fu&r- 
tngs did come upon him, and in 
the fame manner in which he ex- 
pcAed them. The Evangciift, 
l«uke, tells us in what manner lie 
was heard— chap. xxii« ver. 43. 
^bere appeared an angel unto him 
from beavetiy Jlrengthening him* 
He feared, that if this cup of 
OTCrwhdsiiing forrow was not re- 
moTcd, or if no fpecial alTifiancc 
•XAS afforded hiiu, bis ilrcn^th 
would fail ; he mull fin!: under 
the weight of divine wrath, which 
appeared to liim intollenible. But 
tbo the rod of God was not remo- 
ved, Dor his fcnfe of divine wrath 
kflencd ; yet the ilrcngth which 
ke thus rtcei&ed frura bcaren, ai- 
forded hiiu very fcafonable (upport, 
aod rclie\-ed him from his painful 
Aod overbciring apprehenCons of 
immediate diiircfs. 

It appears to me highly rational 
19 believe, that the Father's foria* 
king the fun of his love ; (of 
which he coroplaifis, even as his 
^reatcll afflidlioa when on tbecrofs) 
kis withholding all feniible divine 
CipHprt and confolation 1 and giv- 
ing hint a heart- aficdling and over- 
bearing fcnie of his jult wrath for 
fin^ fo engaged his attention, that : 
he hardly thought of tlie cruel | 
tifttment which he Ihould foon v^' 
ew bom men. J'hsLt this was 

the cup which occafroned his ago- 
ny, and threw him into a pro fufc 
bleeding fweat, fo that his 
garments appeared as if died red ; 
and into fuch an amazing horror 
and conllernation, that ho fcarcc- 
ly inew what to fay. In this flate 
and with reft, rencc to the didrcff^ 
which he then felt, he piaytd ; 
and his agony ilill continuing ami 
increafing, prayed more eamr/rly, 
for fome relief. That, if it were 
poffible, i. e. any how confident 
wi»h the defign of his coming into 
the world, and to that hour, the 
cup of which he was ttien drink- 
ing might be removed ; or, fome 
(pecial fupport afforded him. If 
tliis is a jull view of cur Saviour's 
anony and prayer, it will tend to 
(how die ill-Ribtuie of infidel cants 
and rededions, as *^ That Chrili 
difcovered lefs fortitude, than ma- 
ny, who, in every age and coun- 
try, luve met with as dreadful tri- 
als, and with greater calmncfs ; 
and that this illy agrees with the 
pretence, that his fulFtrrin^s were 
of great ncctfTity and efRcacy for 
the falvation of llnncrs. Tli2.t it 
intimates his willingnefs and even 
deiire to give up the caufc, in wliicli 
he was engaged, even tho the 
confequencc iliould be fatal to a 
world of (1 liners." 


j1 letter from a Chrijllan friend to 
one who had great anxiety of mind 
for a timey but whofoon becami 

Dear Sir, 

THE lad time I faw you, your 
attention was taken up with 
the ilate of your foul. You iliought 
the amufements, which arc fo pica- 
ling to young and vain minds very 
unbecoming candidates for cv.<;:kw\v^. 
Senfual ple^utes, vjoA^N^j \vot^^\^ 
and wealth wt\c 0? \\v>Xt N^>^<i >^- 

Ltlur tisi 


inllruflioo and peace 

1-low engaged \risycm 

o icjA and heit ihc word of God 

tcligioui diTcouric ! How 

kimdtually did you attend to tbe 

of lecrei prayer ! Whatguill 

;hought you incaired id rcjec- 

g Chiill by UDbetlcf! Aioppcr- 

lity prflenud, you ca<{Uired 

f God's people! what tnuil L do 

'icfaved? You looked upon « 

i heart aa ihe fiter! ef great 

-J and llf ant ibinj ttnJ/ul. You 

dii)en luiegitenaUyOMpof. 

n; and everyenjoyment of life 

recuncilcd to God and end' 

:o his favot through the promi- 

->of the gofpel. Being without 

nd without God in the 

Ivorld, you\icw?dyourfclf inadaa- 

uincd conditioa. 

inftthe llaie of your mind and 

■ ■ ■ irfal- 


obtain [cligious inflruc- 
I do DOC look upon Cn lb 
ill-defervine, cot feel your coadl- 
tioD to be lo dangetoiu. Younov 
Ihnn the company of Icnoui pen- 
pie, which you Utely fought ; and 
think rcligiun tu be of little iiS' 

Your friend, when givinginethis 
account of yout could notic^aia 
from weefMDg in fear of the conic- 
quenccs : And be aiTured, dear 
bir, that my heart was deeply >£■ 
fcfted in hearing the relation, and 
I cannot but tremble ftir you, u I 
tenderly regard your happincfs. 

My hopes of yoer fiting coo. 
vcrfioo to the truth art; now dcaid 
or very faint- God') &irit does 
not ai\nys ftrivewith nieu. When 
a pcilbo liai bc«n under great •• 
wakenings iiuj deep convidioo, and 
he becomes aa l^pid and tlwnght' 
Jefa a* erer, he bai much reafen 


Relt^us iMteir^aue. 


yourfcif as iacurring awfal guilt by 
the (in of unbelief : But is not ud- 
belief as wratlwlcferving now as 
then ? You had no peace of minJani! 
was in the grcatelt fear snd riiflrcfs 
on accoont of the danger you was 
expofed to : But is not yuur iiate 
ns dangerous now as then I And 
have you not therefore as much 
reafon to fear and tren^ble \ You 
looked upon your condition as dan- 
fiero&s and rained bscaufe cf your 
ilafubcTs and GutPi holxnefs : But 
are yon not as Gnful as cveri and 
is not God nachangeahlc in his ho- 
Krxfs ? If fo9 ycu feci eafy and 
iafc vben expofed to the endlefs 
wrath of heaven. Is religion lefs 
important 00 w» than when you felt 
it to be aZ/^ important ? Does not 
the law of God and the gofpel of 
Chrifl denounce the fame evil a- 
j^akil tiie wicked as they ever have 
done ? You have then tiie fame 
reafootofcar and be alarmed, as 
when under your greatdl awaken- 
ingt. ' Yoifr danger is no lefs, be- 
came unfeen and unrc:ili2cd. I 
trull that you wtint no arguments 
to convince you tliat God is holy^ 
or that you arc finful : And I pie- 
fume tJiat you allow th:r happincfs 
of tiie righteous to confi(i i a tiie 
enjoyment of God. How then, 
my friendf cari you be h?p]>y ? For 
what a more oppolite than tlie ho- 
lioefs of God's nature and die fm- 
fulnefsof your own. Marvel not, 
that I fay unto thee, tliou nmft be 
Kom again. 

The views you had of the flate 
yoa was in, were in fome meafiire 
according to tnitli ; but while you 
<ne at eafe in a ilate of impenitence, 
;/oar views and feelings are as far 
rirom the truth as poffible. You 
are in the fame danger of eternal 
miicry as ever. And I wifli you 
to realize it. Although you have 
difaiifled the concerns of your foul 
and- the things ofreligioo, yet they 

are no lefs important than when 
you paid them attention. I fear 
that you h.ive grieved ihc Spirit of 
God, (b tiut he has departed from 
you, no more to return. Yoa 
have great reafon to be alinned at 
your caf£. Arife, and call upon 
t!iy God that tliou periih not. 

Since you havefuch unequivocal 
evidence of my regard to your hap- 
pincfs, you cannot fappofe that t 
would recommend or urge upon 
you any thing,but what I knowand 
iieel to be important. Widioutthe 
fpirit of Chrift I confider you as 
loil forever. Therefore fuflfcr me 
to exhort you, by all diat is facred 
in religion, by all that is dear to 
yourfilf, and by all that is folemn 
and interefling in eternity, to make 
your peace with heaven thro' the 
blood of reconciliation : And I 
pray God to have mercy upen your 
loul, and make your wife unto eter- 
nal life. 

Your's afTtftionately, 

Religious Intelligence. 

ExtraSl of a Idler from me of the 
Cotmcilicui Miffionar'ut iu Vtr^ 
morJf dated Muguji 14, i8oi. 

** In a tour of eight weeks I 
have rode nearly 800 miles, and 
have aimed where I did not fail of 
giving notice, to preach daily^ 
lometimes three times on the fab- 
bath, and in mofl places attend a 
conference, and in places where 
there is an awakening to pay pri- 
vate vifits. There is afpecial call 
for laborers in this part of the vine- 
yard. The cloud evidently moves 
this way. It is to be acknowl- 
edged efpecially as to fevcral places, 
that the MiiEonaries of tKv& >)c:» 
have to cmct mo xVvt \^(^\^ ol ^^ 
Miffionaiies of Vtift '^tax. 'YVtxt. 


Rd.gwu, JtOtUisna. 


1 gnaJuil work Jf gnfc, which 

iu ihl) luron grcjily revived and 

|pt:;d. The work tiu biifi, To 

1) I luri: been able to juige. 

arkibly ittc from wildncf's and 

tntbuGafiii. Tkcie are inthticc^s 

lif petlbni who hare been Ihon^-v 

■ppofcd to the great do&inei of 

^cc and j'alvatias, who appear to 

e sreatiy changed, arid ftiongly 

e iJiciJiUi which tmce they 

Indcarurt-d to diftioy. I had 

peed hou-erer to gturd, IcFl 1 lead 

o vie* the work grcit- 

:i tbao it is. The noinbcr in any 

Uwn under deep convUtiLXi is 

great, but there is ia feveral . 

n$ a rulemniiy TorrKwhat geoe- 

Tb« numbcT of hnpcful coti- 

1 dut-5 But 1 Uclici'c, in Many 

■fany luvjns exceed 30. IiisdiJ- 

□ ^ct accurately iJie number. 

where there ha» beea 

been r. 

itle iiioQutueoct of taking 
power, how refrcthing fuch a rc- 
tivJ fuufl be to thofe who bare had 
thcii hcarii lb much on thi^ p'cat 
dctien. If but a fmati number 
thoujd be conrciicd wliat a reward 
to the godly ! what gcmi in a 
laown <A gWy ! 

*■ I'he people in |eneral( what- 
tftr may have been ujd to the coD' 
tiary, entertain a high (cnfe df 
gratitudi; to the flate of Connedi- 
cut, and paniculnly to the MSt 
lionaty Societyi for tltcir benev»- 
IcDt attention to the jatcrefts of re> 
ligioa here. Id the tewos to gen- 
eral they have exptcflol their grat- 
itude; to tht. Society, and io lonie 
loniis they hare rujueHed rue, bjr 
a Cotnmiiteei to rtium the thanu 
of the town." 






Ciid that the chief M'ho had been 
inort oppofcd to my coming among 
(hem, had now Acknowledged to 
him that he believed I was an lion- 
eft man, and meant to do them 
{ood. I th<:n proceeded to give 
them an account of the Mitlionary 
SccictVy and w!iat thcv had in 
view with rcfpe*5l to the Indians. 
I informed them, that th'; expenfe 
and diiiiculty of indrudling them 
by an interpreter were £0 great that 
it was thought befl I fhould re- 
roain here at Detroit, until I cduld 
preach to them in their own lan- 
guage ; and that it was uncertain 
where I fliould then go, as it vouIJ 
be ray duty to make a beginning 
where there was a profpe<^l of doing 
the mo/l good. I told them that 
we had two kinds of people among 
us ; how differently they felt to- 
wards the Indians, and what dif- 
ferent treatment they mud cxpc^ 
to meet with from them. I ob- 
lerred to them that our good peo- 
ple never did wiHi to hurt them, or 
get away their property from them 
without payinp, them for it ; but 
were always difpofed to do them 
good ;andthat they Vvers nowcxcr- 
dDg themfelves to fend Mifliona- 
ries among them, to make then 
happy in this world and in the 
wond to come. I mentioned to 
them the dedru^ivc confequcnccs 
of drunkencfs, and how lorry I 
was to fee them give way to ir. I 
made ufeof a number of arguments 
to diiluade them from it, and point- 
ed out the means they mufl make 
cfeof in order to avoid it. Nan- 
ga acknowledged the truth of ^11 1 
had advanced, and obfervcd that 
he did not know how it would Ih; 
with the reft, but (putting his 
hand to hi* cats, and then fprcad- 
ir^them out) hcfaid that his cnis 
ihoald alw<iys l)e t^pen to my in- 
iirjAioss. Thcv tliv.n n.'ic;.*! m 
hiiw a COUP 'J i! ani! hear njv I'^cc 

c\\c^ the next time they came to 

" Since this interview with the 
chiefs, Mr. Denkey, one of the 
Moravian Minift«r$, has been to 
fee mc, informing me that his breth- 
ren had ^nt on anotlier Midionary 
to fapply liis place among the Dci- 
av/ares, requeuing him to b€;;irj 
his miilion with the Chippeways 
as had been propofed. He obfer- 
ved that it was his dcfirc, and the 
defire of his brethren, that he 
fhould begin with tlu: Chippeways 
who lived ncareft to their village 
in Fairfield ; bnt that as this would 
require him to take thofc at thr 
River tSt. Clair, he would not do 
it without my confcnt, and wiflicd 
to know whether I was willing. 
All things confidcred, I did not 
hefitatc to give my conlent ; and 
affurcd him that I would ufe my 
influence witli the Indians in hi;: 

** We make but flow prc;;rcr'. 
in the Indian Unguage. I find y 
hard work to commit their worcf.; 
to memory ; and when I havu 
learned iliLm, I find it extreme!^' 
difficult to conftiuil a fc^ntence .ic- 
j cording; to the icicms of their lan- 
guage. It feems to be full of ir- 
rc;'iiLirities. But if life and health 
are fpared, I hope and expect v: 
fliall be able to fiii mount cverv clif- 
ficulty. The Chiefs frequently 
call to fee u?, and appear extreme- 
ly pleafed to hear us talk their 
Lngua;;e, and do what thcv can to 
help us." 


THE MiiIionr.ricr, new in the 
fervice of tlie MifTioniiry Society 
oi Cor.r.c dticut, arc the Rev. Dg" 
vht Jiacon at Detroit : the Rev. 
7.?/.y/' Ba(l;:cr in New-Conne(51i- 
cut ; the Rtv. Mefs'rs. Siih V/'d- 
iijhr. xm\ David /^iggini ^vA^V.- 



Jin,rJiiai May in the wettcra cwa- 
ol' New-1'ork [ lad the Rev. 
Vn. 7oi Svift,Jfii''liai,Bt>JI,. 
and 7rr(«wi //.)//«* in Vcr- 
it. Ano-.ticr MiSonitr will 
I go [o NeW'Conaff^cut ; in 
«mbcr one will goto Bl*^ 
r .indpiru^.i}»ci'i)t ; jnriprCiB- 

ibly another to Verniottt lo fupplr 

'>eplice of one or two of tbofd 

IV there, who will ituB rcturo. 

I A Votm tat PUlci 139, t4tli Ttrfc. 

c Til (iiieutil, fo bir, fv humo- 

do not Anij'i dtiTtng finji, the 

very Borm, 

re, ifif .Iilldof clijncf, or 

Whe tuisLi ihc nandtisf tU« of blood 
ViGl nch litnb, in pniptt ftmau, ind 

Ttxcyc to ntch tli« plntfing vk:w,ib4 

■en thr Icmc irvind \ 
How know iIk»*».tobfariktwiU. 

Iht obed'enl lir^bt to nirU ; 
TTie tongue tm il.nufmd ttdei difccrti, 

tot lIwDiud ■cntitt T>tU f 
Hf^fcnow tbe lunj^iEo hnnand pam ; 

— ' - """ixhl ih* fringed lid 

fo1;d ball unbid 
Who liid the btbr, new boscli'd ia life, 

the nilkey diiugiit amft. 
Ami ivitb k* cig"' fic^n prcft [b« 

ntSir ilteiniing bfwQ f 
Who wiih > [ovt too big for words the 

moiber't bofbin wsniu, 
Alecg the raggA putu nf KG: le Leaf 

A Odd \ 'K God * Creatioa Biouii, A 

Cos rach iafiidlfnei; 
He moulded in biiulm tke cBib, uid 

form drnur, uid 

Nowtel ill male' 

t buoiUe kirtb, ud 

Conoiefticut Evangelical Magazine. 

[rantiHV AcMKBiRQ *• ACt at emoRdt.] 

TpL. IL] PEC£MB£R, iSei. [No. S. 

iin eudiul'imfa-'^hc main pil- 
fat onvhieh the knowledge sf 
-untj tli!h^ imponant w rau it 
feiilt. 1^ qnellion th» is an at- 
WVpt tafet the world afloat vith- 
0at |iiiot or conpafi. By fcripntre 
' ^itthe h»ly bible in all --- 

Mlfit without the exception of a. 
S^/tftAgmh or word.* The 
* :, " All fcripture » giTQl 

hfrntfinaaa of God«" is a qno- 
MidV IroiM the writia^ of the 
■j^oOIe Pxti. He had particaUr 
'rt^eAu the fcriptures or the old- 

* Tbk it at^ tB be uoderftood, tlut 
CTKj fftAa in thi hoi; fcriploiti, 
.fiakcuaondbr the Holy OtMlli or 
■at cwcry word or fpecch nunlcd in 
tton, u trtr. ITic TcrpeM fiid to 
l«c, "TcfcaJl not furelj iif." mod 
-W^ ftbodi du^ not timjt fpak the 
'fikjni iriaAin* rieht cooccmins God. 
ttK ctnncoiis epinionr of rren good 
Bail a* wcU u their faulti in pnAicc, 
'ai« aften Mated in reriphirt. All we 
WidcritaBtf A> Be iatcDJed ii, tnit the 
•aMMh tf tbcbUe, in tnrj wcrd of 
J^wa gaLded b} vnertiog ia^<intiota. 

V«u IL No. & B 

teftattient ; fOt the new-tc 
was bat in pin Written, tt 1 
CTcr applies ai well to the one tct 
tameiit as tO th^ otAel-^ TerhUl 
the apoltle wt<^ ihu by t&e'l^mt 
of prophecy, aiid ioteiidcd to io> 
elude them both, ^oth arc writ- 
ten by the fame ^plradon, and 
equally bear the {lamp of diiiae 
authenticity. This «ill appear ds 
we proceed. 

The iofpiratioB of God here io' 
tended, is a dinnei infalfible fupef 
intendeoce of every portion that if 
written, fo thai Ciod is the author 
of the whole. There ishoiveTer 
fome difference with refpeCl to the 
agency of the Holy Spirit in the 
iupiration of the various part* tif 
which it is compofed. Some psut 
of it «-ai written by xa immediate 
revebtion of the things contained 
to the infpired writers, of whi^ 
they had been entirely ignorwit 
before. Of other parts the wri-, 
ters had more or lea acquaintance 
of the thines recorded, either bj 
ordinary ioIoriaatibA I ortheiroWn 
perfonal knowledfe. The hifkuiT 
of the creation of the worldj aaa 
mon of the events before the fload 
claim to have been matter of pure 
rerilatioii. Moles, who hu g^- 

On ike h/piratw* ^ tit Sirrflartr. 


n jccount of ihefe ihing», 
ImuA bi>^e bten ignorant of iht 
liitne ukcc up in the woik of etc- ' 
lationi aod of the erdennd man- 
Intr of Coi's proceetfingi io it, 
IsntU it wu immcdiuely rcml^. 
ICod fiw k bcft itiit mankiad 
Ifhould be ioformEd of the bcg/a- 
Iniogof the world, and Uut they 
llhould have a fhort compendiout 
lliiflory of ill hid agei, which 
■couliJ not hivr been given but by 
BfeTcUiion. Many pirts of the 
Ifcnpturei ire prophecies of iliinfp 
Iwtitch were to take place in times 
B ftttwr. Thii is tnie both of 
Ithe old ^nd new-teftitnentj- Thus 
Itbc bondage of the people of If- 
ntad, and their deliverance out of 
^gypt, their conqueft of Cacaao) 
Babyloaian captivity, and 
prefect difpctfioo were fbte- 
Almon every lliing wluch 
relpcfled the birth, life, death and 
Irelurreflion of Chrii 

fart, a pro[>!ifcy of Chrift, and 
of the gofpel faivation, and all the 
OMflligei of the propheu, claim ta 
be matter of immediate revelation. 
Thcfe command;, inllituiions, and 
dircAians) make up another large 
ponioD of the firr^Kures, For- 
ther i all that is faid in the fcrip- 
turei concerning the exerciTe et 
dtnne mercy to this finfiil world, 
the redemption by which the way 
of mercy was opened, the metk- 
odi by w^ich men may become par- 
takers of iti ail the (Ureftioni con- 
ceming ii, — its doArinei and all 
Chriiltan inftituioni and inftroe- 
tions, and the declarattoas made 
TEfpeAiog a futuic world, aad the 
iocerefts aad circumflance* of h, 
and of the day of general jodg- 
ment which precedes the retribo- 
lioDs of cterRtty, aD are ficb, th<t 
if they are true, they are maKen 
immediately lerealed to the pen- 
men of the fcriptma ; (or thca 



Gn the IfiJ^itaiion 9f thi Scriptunt: 

truth of the fcriptures in gcnft^^ 
on the ground ihit in this cafe in- 
IpirauoD was not needed. But 
though an immediate revelation of 
things well known was unnccefla- 
XT, vet it was nccefTary that there 
mould have been a divine, infallible 
fuperintendence, as much over this, 
as orer any jart of that boolc It 
was aeceflaiy, becauie thehiftori- 
ans would otherwifc be lii^blc to 
miflakes, thro' mifinformapon and 
erroneous apprehenfions, to which 
allimperfeA beings may be fubjedl. 
It was alfo Dcceflary» that thofe 
and only thofe things (houkl be re- 
corded, which might render the 
fcriptures perfect, and entirely fit- 
ted (or the ufes for which they are 
intended. A very fmall part of 
the hiflory of pcrlons and things is 
related. Every thing unnccetury 
is liippicflcd. There is nothing re- 
dundant — nothing wanting. Some 
things whidi were written, the 
writers could not have tho't im|)or- 
tant, as the hiftory of Ruth, fiut 
God faw it was neccflary, to 
give the lineage of Chrifi, and ef- 
peciaily as in this in (lance it was 
of Gentile extraAion. It was 
therefore ccccflary that God fhould 
make the feic^jon. The fuperia- 
tendence of God, in thefe things, 
coofifts in his revealing to the wri- 
ters what things they Ihould record, 
and uking care that no errors, 
hiSt colorings, or oihcr impcr- 
fedions fliould enter int3 their hif- 
tpries. And this is £tly called the 
ip&iration of God, tho' in feme 
cues not an immediate revelation 
of fads. By the infpiraiion of 
God IS therefore meant, ciilier 
|he immediate revelation of his 
Spiritt or his infpiring men to fe- 
led and relate fuch fa«51?, with in- 
ftllihle re^itude, as he faw were 
for the benefit of his people. In 
ibis way the old'teflament was in- 
dked. And in the fame way the 

I writers of the new*teAament were 
under the guidance of the Holy 
Glioft. Chrill promifed his difci* 
pies the Holy Ghoft, wLo fhould 
reveal to them all neceflary tnitb> 
an4 bring all things to their remcro^ 
brance, whatfoever he had faid un- 
to them. 

It will be demanded, what evi- 
dence we have that the fcriptures 
are given by fuch infpiration ? 
There are numerous evideacei} 
fome of which will now be racn«. 
tioned. The fcriptures exhibit a 
God whofe character is incompara- 
bly more excellent than any in- 
habitant of tl)is world could havp 
invented ; for it is now, tho' re- 
vealed, beyond our comprehen« 
fion. It is a confident charadler^ 
and every where fupported, by all 
the writers, and pcrfeAly compares 
with the events of providence. It 
differs widely from the chara^er 
which all die heathen philofophcis 
gaye of him whom tlicy called the 
father of gods and men. It is in 
every reipcft infinitely fuperior to 
thcjrs. They could not conceive 
of a being without a beginning, 
and their gods, all have a genealogy 
up from fon to father. The fciip- 
turc God is without beginning uf 
days, fclf-cxiflent and independent. 
Their God was only a great man. 
They reprefent him with all the 
evil paifions of a man, capricious, 
deceitful, falfe, hfcivious and ma- 
lignant, fubjcA to every vice 
which belongs to the mod infa- 
mous charadlcrs among men, and 
yet pofll'IEng alfo the exccllencic<t 
of men. They had no idea of a 
perfect character, and depraved 
beings could not originate Aich 
an idea. But the bible draws a 
charafler new to the world, and 
altogether perfect in unbounded 

The charader given of Jcfu% 
Chrift is anoiVvtt c:^\Arwc^ dl^^\^\^■ 

UM tnt Iftnifsnoit tf nli St^^nfa* 

UTitioD of the bible. It ii Gnfiilir. 

t cKhibjtt i f erfeft monl charic- 

j.CDtirelyfu^rted, under all th« 

IS aod mcQ tryug circuffl- 

ti incident to hnoun life. A 

iand human uriters ttatre ex- 

t all their talents and inven- 

' to exhibit a pcrfcft human 

aSer ; l)tit all have ^led for 

lilt of 3, modd. They appear 

cccdiogly lav.; erroneous and 

\deta when read and compared 

li the bible hiftorj- of Chrili. It 

u writteo by four different men, 

eroditioD, each a( whom hai 

tely exceeded all the other 

rs of our world.— They were 

inly infpiied. 

The lawi, precepts and morals 

)f the faipttjrcs are unifonalir fup- 

torted in perfcfl harmony, by all 

the different writers, they are uuli- 

■efi and corapleat — worthy of be- 


6ttr tyei. The Rate oT 4e Jewi' 
of the faccelEre monarduo of W 
caficTii vorld, of the Orecitli 

churches, of Antichrifti and fa 
thefe much more might be addeti j 
*U .(Jentonftrstc ihat the fcripturet ' 
were inlpired of God. 

The miracles which are reeori^r 
ed as having tatm place ig cdnfirm- 
ation of revijatioti!! firmi Cod, fliU 
cooiJQue to give evidence of it. If ■ 
they were wrought at the time, 
they certainly were eriSeqcc Thp 
nattire of the miracles related WMF' 
(iich as could pot adniit of dece«< 
tioa. Let us Cnglc out the min-' 
cles of Mofes in cg^t, at the Re3 
Sea and in the wildemefs as \ 
fample of the reft. Tbefe are 
feme of the mofl aocvot miiaclet. 
The people of Ifrid coold ntA 
have been decelvei) in re^eCt tb 
iheff by the low tricks of le^r^e- 


On tbt InJtirnAin tftk Scriptures. 


tXjpk^ fir towards rebdering iSi 
ibdk viracles credible. Other 
evidences of the diviQe infpiratioii 
of the holy Icriptures might be giv- 
eD. Among them are the repre- 
feotadbniof the relations fuUilling 
imbn^ intelK^nt beings, and the 
Smtet w^di refnlt from them.— 
The reaionableners and importance 
of all the doctrines and duties fta- 
cedf and the necuHar evidence of 
crae bdierers rromthe communica- 
tions of the Holy Spirit : but thofc 
^MA hare been briefly noticed 
are ponclofirey and I cannot but be 
confident that my friend will eC- 
teem them fo. But before I clofc 
this letter* which has already im- 
perceptibly become very lon{»« yon 
will }iermit me to make fereral 
other obfervations with reference 
to your(elf» and to the account 
which you give me of feveral of 
yoor nqghbours. It fcems that 
fome of them are Unwilling to fub- 
mit impliciily to the teftimooy of 
the fc i iptifl re s refpedling things 
which tney cannot comprehend. 
Others deny the prefent obligation 
of die old teftamcnty and feme the 
tmnptiicj of the new. And ' a 
rew opefiiy queftion the authentic!- 
Xf^mt whole 1 while others ^i- 
ntttfifekinto nonfenfe and myfte- 
IJ9 ns nniatelligible as the jargon 
of mi^cians and forcerers, and 
^ve k m mcamng» or no meaning, 
as dieir fancy, impiecyi enthufiaun 
or l&%hemy diredls. Thcfe 
WK aH fl^ch alike fo far as it 
R^eds their opinions on the di- 
vine orain of the (acred fcriptures. 
Alltttdto one pointr— to the re- 
|eAion of the whole. 

Since all Scripture is given by 
htgirt6iatk of God* yod fee that 
dhptm of it come to us authen- 
deiBBdiiy the fame authority. — 
QncthiiVii to be relied upon with 
die fiune confidence as another. 
T^^htch will (hake tfae^ounds 

of belief in any on^ inftanee, writ 
in every fme. If we mxeiHon on^ 
idea, one piece of hiftory» one 
command, promife, threatening^ 
or any one reprefentation, we ma/ 
as well queftion another, and a< 
nother and the whole. If \^e 
would he confiftent, we mud be- 
lieve either that the whole of it is 
true, or that no pirt of it is th^ 
word of God. When men favi 
we do not know bizt that it may be 
all true ; but dliis part is probable^ 
and that improbabIer--this is true, 
but of that we do not know what to 
believe,— we do not believe nor 
difbelieve it, they have then taken 
the ground which entirely fubvens 
the whole. Every thing whicK 
di/Tatisfies their reanbnings, or dif- 
plcafcs their paffions or inclinations, 
will be paffed over as improbable. 
Unlcfs we place implicit confi- 
dence in the fcriptures, whether 
the thing written might (ccm prob- 
able or improbable to us, — uoleA 
we believe it upon the bare tclH- 
mony of the bibk*, all confidence is 
gone in the only diieAion to the 
way of fiilvation, which is afford- 
ed for our world. The teftimony 
of God is then fubjedled to the de- 
cilions of our own perblind, partial 
reafonings, which are always fway- 
ed by our prejudices and inclina- 
tions, and are too narrow to com- 
prehend the intcrefts of the uni- 
verfc. When thefe fcriptares;Are 
thus fiibjeiled to our caprice, we 
have in fad become infidels, and 
the bible will be believed or difbe- 
llevcd as we pleafe^ and condriscd 
or mifconflrucd to favor our lulls, 
and (upport our favorite opinions. 
Every degree of de^'iation from 
the belief of the plain meaning of 
the bible as it f^ands, according to 
the natural import of e^Try part of 
it, comparing it together as its own 
interpreter, is a ttc^ lONi^x^^ \tv^- 
dcKty. WhcQ tnei\ ^^-q^^U tvoi^. xa 



'; k woftUitta 
. tliat fM-adiiion it 

I fcry figbt »>h tbem, -jid tiKy 
I 1h« DAvonLj klui aT Uie Icri^ 
I lives. WhiL the; bd^rre, tltey 
I belmc bcoAiSe it u pruo^lci 4Ki 
I not bccavfe it it ihe Hi on! ai Cod 
— V(M hu< f<rtu|'i heard lone 
I cxc-Je thai ubdicf u juniculn 
I ttukjH bj r^ricg that thcj do not 
I doubt bttt tha* ih£ gtfnfryn of dn^ 
I {aiptstta were baad} oca, and 
accMdiog w dicir infer- 
I nuiioD ud bcUn' cf ihiogii and 
I ibu the; DMT be depended an io 
I the iQ^in, tlio' in tome Ids tbiajs 
I ihcj might millike. Such denj 
I tkac all Icnptutc ii given by to^ 
I niioB uf God. They idy on ha- 1 
I ir>3ii iiiugiity, boi on diriDC vera- 

iNli It i> i wf a m t Am wp 
bcifTr tha^md tikafaecd loont-. 

I-. Jui^J^^bw. tW aUlbe 
dtf&iaet rgiininnl ia tlK leap- 
turn xiT tiac. whesha- «e caa, a* 

caBDMifc U*e ntSamiiiUot&iai 
cvnliileocy ci tboa. They an 
siuua : Tha it fatfcioi, isey 
KBil be f oceiicd. 

Puully, &act dU ^npnue U ^v- 
es by inTpiiaiMXt of Cod, yon 
LiLLot but Boite with meivM- 
kjK-w!ed£ing that n« hneafaiuuli 
AQt roJba 10 blcfk Cod, K^^z he 
hu giTfn » an irftllibfc Audard 
of tmtii i&d duty. We tie oot 
iKCcl&:ited lo eEamioc crtry new 
theory of rtligioo dut is obtruded 
upon the woilJ— vc not kh tQ 
tbc mercy of the winds and waves, 
to be cu^iiedaboi^t with eray wind 
ot' doctrmc. We have a. faic 
word ci lefltmoDy, BBto which 


Gil Jxtfiificaitpn* 


{tnfcSf yet in the facred fcripturesy 
and infticiilarlyt in the gofpel, the 
jnllincation of a (inner before Godi 
doth always mean his being dif- 
charged from the puni(hmcnt he 
deferred as a tranfgrciTor to fuffer, 
and hia being reflored to the priv- 
ileges, ivhichy by his fin* he had 
forf eited. Thece are but two 
ways in which a perfon can be juf- 
tified before God, yiz. By his own 

Efonal- righteoufnefsy or for the 
e of the righteoufnefs of ano- 
thcTt as a furety yielded in his 
(lead. That no mere man, fince 
the fadi, call or ever did fo keep 
and obey the divine laW) as to be 
jnftified on account of a perfonal 
righteoafnefs of his own, will be 
acknowiedgedi even by many, 
who neverthelcfsy do praAicallv 
contradiA it. How many of thole 
who openly and before men pro- 
fefi this tnitby yet do fecretly in 
heart* before the heart- fearching 
God, praAically contradiA it ? In 
(eekiog to build up a righteoufnefs 
of their own, which they dare not 
indeed wholly depend upon for 
their pftiiication before God, yet 
they hope that tliat, together with 
the righleoufnefs of Chrifl, will 
fafice for that infinitely important 
fvrpoie. It is much the drift of 
lhegoQ>el to teach and pcrfuadc 
9$, that no perfon of all the hunirm 
IMC9 isf or can be juQified Lcfoic 
Godf on account of any }ci feral 
rig^teoufnefi of his own, or by the 
iccdsof the law. 
- The other way of a (inner's nif- 
dication before God, i^ on jc- 
eeut of the ri^hicoufncfs of ant)- 
tbeff sm his (urety yiclrjed in hh 
Bead I and that yicUcd by Jcfus 
Clififi, as the only furety an*.! Sa- 
liodr of finners, faii^fics law ar.d 
jpHof^ and is there fr re that only 
ylkkh can be fuiitcicnt for a per- 
fcn't jollification in the light of 



Some tliere are, who conclude 
and pleafe themfelves with the na- 
tion, that there is now under the 
gofpel, fach an abatement in the 
law, that if a perfon is butfincere, 
he is juftiiied before God, on ac- 
count of his fincere, though bat im- 
pcrie A rightcoufnefs ; but this is in 
exfeA, to feek and expcCt jultifica- 
tion in the way of the law, and by 
the deeds of the law ; and flich as 
do fo conclude, moft, I think, cn- 
tenain very wrong jtctions of the 
holy and unchangeable law of 
God, as if it was too Arid before, 
or as if by tlie coming and media- 
tion of Chriil, the law was altered 
in its commancis and demands, un- 
der the gofpel conlHtution. If 
God did jullify the (inner, releaf^ 
ing him from deierved punilhmcnt, 
and reftoring him to forfeited priv- 
ileges, on account, or for the 
fake of the finner's own perfonil 
righteoufnefs, which is utterly de- 
ficient in view of the law, however 
lincere he may be, how v/ould 
God, in fo doing, bs ]ui\ ? as tii? 
apoHIe alfures us that he is ; Roni. 
iii. 26. ** To declare at this time, 
his righteoufnefs, that he might be 
jutl, and the jullifier of hun the: 
bclievcth in Jefus.'* 

It is not for the fake of any pcr- 
fon'5 defcjflive and imperfcft rigiit- 
coiifncfs that God doth juliify any 
one ; but for the rightcoui'nefr*' 
fake alone of Chrift, the firner'-t 
fuiety, Vrholc righteoufnefs is fo 
every way adequate to all the 
claims and demands of tlic lav/ 
?.r.d jufticc of Cod, fo tha'. cv«:n 
his holinefs, truth and j'-.ilice ri'd 
not dcfcry any, cvsn the Ic:lI\ ef- 
ficiency or impcrfedticn in it ; :: ir: 
only for the fa*-vc cf tlut hw-nilii!- 
linp; and jufticc-fati:tyinn.nghtco'..f'- 
nils of Chrift, as a furety, when 
God hath appointed, and vho v • 
hin tartly fibeyed ; and whom '.i:*.* 
believing linntr dotU l^^ ?7i[\\\\ \»,- 


Om ^tj/tj^lau. 


l<utCi tbat Coi dotli juflify any 
loQC of ihehumlD fallen nee- So 
I that believing in Jcfui Chrift, dotb 
I ♦ery much conlift in a perfoo's de- 
nying «J1 dcpcndancc upoo any 
IxisluEOufaeli of lii own, for luS 
I juKi^c»ioii btiere God ) aod de- 
IpeDding Uierefor iaXtXj upon the 
I nghuoufhcfb of Chiifti u the (in- 
Ifitr'i fumy 4Dd only Savicmr. He 
Its faid CO be the I'tirety ef a better 
ItcOincDt. HeK rii. 12. Not bet- 
T bceaufeof the ibaiemeniin Uw 
liaw (btforemenuoccd) or becaofe 
Irhc fiitner maf now be juHifi'.di 
re) on account of his im- 
Ipetfeiii righccoubcf: ; but on at:- 
II of the manner, in which the 
IhcQcfic Of priniege may now (an- 
Idcrtitegofpel) be aitaiocd by tin- 
Under :he law. the cOadi- 
sf I perfoD's jofliticatiai), w» 
Ihis yieldinji, in his own pctfon, 
llur chatpurpofe. The Unguage of 
[thai cnVeoant wa?, do and li»e t 

.Chrill is fiitl to be (he end of the 
Jaw for rifhiecafnefe, t» cVcry one 
who boIitTCth in httv, Rom. x- 4. 
ajid no where elfc can a rightcmU- 
nef: be found* fii&cicnt for thii in- 
fiaitely impcrtaot purpofc, via. 
The e.incr's juftifiGnioa b<*Me 
God i but in Chrill, the furety 
and only Suvioof of (iniiers ; li 
hatb brought in a cittr^lete and 
everlaflint righteoafnefi, and dut 
only is JuAcieot for the' finoer's 
juliifieaiioo. Ifiiiah xlf. 24. If. 
" Suiely Hull one Iky, io the Lord 
htTc I [ighteoaTneJs asdArcogthi 
even Co him fliall men cortie. and 
all dial ate iocenftd afiainll him 
(hall be aflumed: In the Lord 
Iball the feed of UVad be juAified 
and Hi^ll glory." None of all Ok 
human, fallsn race of mankind «a]r 
gloiy in their own itnpcrCeCt ticbt> 
eoulnefi. aa btioj; in any degree 
fufficieat for their julti&cation iuul 
falrition ] tfaofc inliiutely unpof- 
lant bleitngi and £iTOL-ri, are be- 


GmIm r^Beroffafoat' 

and' laJntioD) God's holiDefs, juf- 
tice and tnith, arc joutly united 
with the honors of his mercy and 
grace ; udthat therein »ll the di- 
Tine aacftatn do Twcetly accord 
and harmomzt: ; that God is jufi 
ai mil as merciful, in jufliFying 
liimthatbelicTCth ■□ Jefus Chrifl. 
And bcTc I would briefly ob- 
ferrc, that the apoftln Paul and 
JaiiKSi' uTe the word juHiGcation 
{or iix thing itfelf ) ia two dilTer- 
cot feofei. The apoAIc Paid) 
la tttttiiig of the jnfliGcatioD of a 
fiancr before God, IJiews us abun- 
daa'Jy, that it can be otdy on ac- 
coutt or the perfed righteaufDeTi 
of Cbtill, withouc tlie dcedi of 
the law. Run. iii. 20 — 31. and 
in maay other places. The apof- 
dc JuMii particularly in the ad 
'K*r*" of his epilllc, frain the 
1401 to tbe 36th rcrfe, fpcaki of 
apcfiba'a jnlbfyiDg, or proving the 
trath ^d fincerity of his tiiich and 
ChriAitn profelHon before men ; 
nd Iw II I. in order to it, the ne~ 
odbf of £Ood works, and that it 
B boc in vain, for a peHbn to far 
Utt be hath &ith, or to pro&fs 
the he ii a true difcipleand fol- 
bwr of Chiiftt T/ho at the {ame 
Sttt ocglefls thofe good works 
■iidi are properly evidential 
fhnco^ and appears to indulge 
Mirfllf ill ilii fi iiliiili are coDcra- 
Xf M fiich a pratefHoi]. Ar.d 
tUa vc conlider the matter in 
dbfiev (which I think is [ight) 
■> mtj lec, that there is no con- 
■diOioB nor inconfiftcncy at all 
ictwccB tbofe two apotUes. 

And hcie, let all perfons be 
nned againft abuiing litis doc- 
ile, u if it led to linful licen- 
liMlM&f or as though linners 
]^ b^ificd freely of God's 
^Mb OTOUgh the righteoufnefs of 
finSf (tot dodlrine any way al- 
igp-Aem to live and indulge 
iBmS^nt To tiulgrelBoaf o£ the 
Vot. II. Ko. 6. C , 


divine lav. The ^loillc Paul, in 
rereral places, jhewi that tliis is ■ 
very heinous and dan^croiu abufit 
of God's grace, Uirough ihe Re- 
particalarly in tha 3d 
chapter. to the Romant, where* 
after fliewing in feTCral veifes, tha 
only way of a Cnncr's jnftificatton 
before God, he concludes the 
chapter with plainly obviating the 
olijeaiDn agauiA this doftrioc^ 
with fjyiag, as Lo the lafl.reife, — 
" Do we then make void the law 
throiwh faith i God forbid : yea. 
wc eAafalilb the k«." lliaugh 
the law ceafes to be a corenant of 
life to belicTcrs tii Cbtilt ; yet It 
ifeth not to be a nile of life to 


God's free, and infinite grace* 
through the TighteouTDda of Chrift* 
ought ID be, and will be, a molt 
powerful and perfuaCve motive, to 
their Writings and endeavours, U> 
live in obedience to his holy and 
good rules and precepts in tbe 
gofpel ; though they will not de- 
pend upon even their bell obcdi* 
encc, but foJely upon what Chrift 
has done and fufTercd, as the 
ground «f their judification before 
God. It is in Cht'iR, as their 
furety, and the only Mediator of 
the new covenant, that they fee 
they can po£b!y have a fulHciency 
of righteoulnefs and flrength, and 
00 him they depend for righieouf' 
nefs and Hrength for their JalHiica- 
lion before God, and to carry them 
through the whole courfe of their 
Chriffian race and warfare in this 
world ; and to bring tliem Anally 
to heavL-nly flory and hapninefs. 

For the Cosskcticut £va»- 


Mess'rs. EbiToa*, 

AMONG othct «M^t&c»»«^n 

Gtd n» rtJpiStr tf ftrfent. 

I Dec. 

rilgiiij ai tbaian, this is bronghl 

u one ; that God it no re/ftBtr of 

itr/imi'^hzi he does no mort igi 

,e ihia Cot aaother pnrviout %0 

tir repenisDce : But whenerer 

ty re|>«ni, aod turn tu God, his 

mpiBaa i; excited, and he (hovrt 

ihem f»vor, To fupport this ob- 

Ijcftioa, the woidt of Peter are 

■Quoted, u recorded in AfU x. 

Then PetifoptDed hi» 

!■ inovthi and faiij, of i truth I 

P pcrciivc that God il no refpefl. 

H er of perfons : but in eveiy ni- 

r tion, he that frareth bini, >nd 

P worketh righteoufocji, is acce[>t- 

p cd wkh him." 

To Ihow the filfe conAiu&ioa, 
jwhich, I conceive, has b;cii pat 
upon thi) fiaJTage, and exhibit it: 
■": meaniDe, 1 would offtr the 

, although lie had been 
iriA through all hii miniT- 
n his loiracles, receiTed 

a Gentild, with »hon> the Jew< 
did not ajTociatc. By thit, Peter 
fiw that the offers cf fahatioa 
were not conGned u* the Jewi only, 
but were to be made tu all nations, 
and that God is a fovercigo in the 
difpenfatioD of his bvors. Hence 
he declares as in the pafiage abo*C 
(hted, that " God is norcfptftcf 
of ^Hbos," &c. 

Here let ui enquirer ta what 
finfi Cod may b* laid to be no rtj^ 
fihiT fj prrfini f It cannot naeam 
that God tteats all mankind alikca 
asfomeaffcni for faAt abundantly 
prove tlie teretfe. We fee that 
fame are firoied with firm, rt^niff, 
snd healthy cutiAitBUODtt and 
fcarccly know what it is to feel fick* 
oefii, or [>ain ; while otiicrs koov 
as tittle what it it id cn)Of health, 
or eafe. And this dilTcicncc takce 
place without any diAinfitoB, as to 
moral chaiaSer. Some bare ui 
abundance of this world's goodly 


GhI n$ fi^iStr •/ pnfiM, 


Ue ChriiUany who love) God, 
obeys his commands» and delights 
ia the paths of pkty ; and the 
proud and haughty, the profane 
and fkioast the profligate and 
abaadoaedy who neither fear God* 
nor regard many but ddight in the 
ferrice of Satan. So likewife 
aauMgthofcy who are always flee- 
bieaad infiim, and who are dcfti- 
tntet ereo of the neceflaries of 
Kfie, are the truly piousv who de- 
light bdiTine things; and the Tile 
asNl hdamonsy the pefts of Ibciety. 
FaAs teach us» that in thefe ref- 
pefts» God does not treat ail man- 
kind alike. 

There are aUb fa£ts recorded in 
(cripnuep which prore that all 
mankind do not receive the fame 
treatment from God. Noah and 
his iamilyy (bme of whom were 
wiefced pofonsy were very diffsr- 
ntlf treated from the reft of the 
aacedil«Tian world. God alfo 
ibMred more love and favor to Ja* 
cobi than to Eiau his brother. 
Hi&ySff before either of them 
had an esuftenccy ** Jacob have I 
kvedy and Eiaa have I hated." 
God ihowed more favor to Jofeph 
to the reft of his brethren— 
\ to Mofesy Joihua, David, 
I9 and many of the proph* 
Ct^ than to others of the fame na- 
lian. He has aifo much more 
hi|fbiy £iTored fome nations than 
ites. To fbme he has afforded 
great ptofperiiyy to others the re- 
Kde» To fome he has given a 
trrlatitm of himfelf and charac- 
IB^ the knowledge of a Saviour, 
and the plan of falvation ; while 
are left in darknefs and bar- 
If with very little more than 
As liglil of nature to teach them 
dlthoiM of a God, his attributes 
iriperreAions. That God is no 
of pcrfoos, does not, there- 
imply that he loves and treats 
i tpr &d proves tbereverie. 

Neither 'does it imply thuhe 
Joes no moreiox one than ror anoth*' 
er« He did more for Abraham 
than he did for his brethren. They 
were all an idolanons nation, and 
were very ignorant of the charac- 
ter of the true God. But God 
faw fit to take Abraham from 
among his idolatrous brethren the 
Chaldees, regenerate his heart, 
bring him into the land of Canaan, 
which he gave to him for a poflef- 
fion, with a promife that from his 
feed the Saviour fhould ariic. He 
did vaftly more for the Ifraelites 
than for any other nation in their 
time. He preferred them from 
famine ; delivered them from bon- 
dage I cleft a paflage for them 
through the Red Sea; deftroyed 
their puriiiers ; fed them* in a 
miraculous manner* with bread 
from heaven, and with water from 
a rock 1 defended them from their 
enemies ; carried them to the fer- 
tile land of Canaan, and gave it 
to them for apofleffion. He gave 
them the beft laws** and inftitu- 
tions, and was called tbdr God in 
a peculiar fenfe. 

God does more for one nation 
than for another, at the prelent 
day. He does more for this na- 
tion, than for the heathen. He 
gives ns his word, teaches us his 
character and our duty, and points 
us to a glorious immortality, by a 
crucified Saviour. 

So alfo among individuals, God 
does niore for one tlian for anoth- 
er. He endues one with greater 
abilities than another, and places 
him in a more eligible fUuation. 
To fome he gives ten talents, to 
others five, and to others one. 
He awakens fome to attend to the 
means of grace with anxious con- 
cern for their fouls, and brings 
them to realize die importance of 
religion ; while others axiiW^x. m^ 
renuiin ftu^id aud (ecotc. V^.<i t«^ 

" TtfJwflJhoBJhtiyFail,." 

I *<4 

c ^at liicril!ce. ihii Jafinite ■• 
ItoRcmfnt vi Cliiifl) the A|x>lllc 
Ipoiouotif newt, and dirtOs our 
|fiiih, » the only toendiiicn of hu- 
ll Kop«, ihe atl-rnAiticnt fource 
cttiy rpirituil blclEii^ The 
of gracr, in which M- 
Icccdrngly grnt and precious prom- 
c made, ii ralilied and IcoJed 
|br the blood of Chriit, and wit- 
Bcflcd lo every true belieTcr by 
't fpirit, both in hit word and 
i work upon his heitt, 
X ApoAlc then, rcKing with 
■kit ajTurance upon this perma- 
it foundatioD, tntVs it^ praAi- 
id important off) to belierert. 
I grexi miraition and etifa- 
rf; he exhorti hii Chrilhin 
Ibrethren to realizethc blctTed com> 
Mfott of their hopi>-»to enjoy ihe 
Itich and diDingailliing privileges of 
juflificd ftiie. by dtawiog 
Ced ^viIh holy boldosS 
U alTanDce of faiih, in thn 



which they hid alretdy experien* 
cei^— thuinwudtlrength inil csni> 
fort by which they were fupported 
under the moll frying outwaid cir< 
cumlUnce* i while futferiog all tht 
reproaches and perfcniuoni!, with 
whichan unbclierini; uidmalicMMi 
world could afili^^ them. Sodi 
was their comfort in the cnjoymCBt 
of God, and the hope of hit glo* 
ty, liiU they were williogtAlacri^ 
fici all their worldly cafe, iDiereft 
and comfort (o the go^ofChrifl} 
and the promotion of his cao&s 
llicy were not anlr fatieiK aad 
refigned under the injimous treat* 
ment of their cnunUti " but," 
fays the ApolUe, "ye took^fy/af- 
Ij (hefpoilincofyotff BOod(,ktKnKi 
ing m yourielves ibat ye have ti| 
heaven, a belter and an enduring 
fubftanee." From theiipaft ck* 
perieoce of the (;race of God, lit 
draws an argument of encoor- 
a^mcDi to iofpire them with pa- 



TiijufifioBSvify Fmii.'' 


mghcio the paflkge. Itdifirt 
fton the phtaKoIogy of the for* 
ma pvt of the chapter, and is not 
the addrefi of one mortal wonn 
to anodier» even with the adran- 
tM of revtlatioo, or the gift of 
ia y n u iofl. It is fpoken in the 
mne of God* and as fuch carries 
its SBlliority in its very form. As 
if Gods had in his own peifon 
Icakd wd attefted the truth of all 
dnethe ApolUe had previoufly de- 
ckrad fay the infpinition of his 
(pint. It u as if the great God 
had with an audiUe voice from 
iHivcntinnediately addrcfftd this 
fidemn declaration to mankind, 
« Nov the jnft (haU live by faith, 
hot if ny nan draw back,iiyyW 
flail Jbve no ^afnre in him/' 

If we have the fiuth which is 
h n clp rteooft we (hall receive it 
ii tkMdeKvered and thus addref- 
Ul It IS only with this folemn 
believing impreffioa, that we 
ikcir the voice of God, ipeak- 
10 osio hit word. 

is held up before us a con- 
taft of charader and ftate, and 
quality is affirmed of the 
lit dcmed q( the other. The 
eielivti by faith-— the other draws 
htkf nd is defUtute of faith. 
Thi floe is the oljeA of the di- 
WH cooviacency'— in the other, 
GsAlbuhathnoplcafure. If the 
contain a promiie of life 
ito the believex^-4t alfo de- 
eternal death againft the 
The difapprobation of 
death to the foul-— but 
b life. *' To be caraal- 
is death, but to be fpir- 
ipmlhrflunded is life and peace." 
ibch important infirudtion is 
in this (hort pafiGige of 
;• It opens an exten- 

Sfrid for ufefiil meditation, 
llEoioos improvement. Al- 
word in the icntence is 
and weighty. The 

more dofely we examine it, the 
more we Aall find it contains.-^ 
The charaAer of God— the char- 
after of the faint* and of the fin* 
ner— the motal aflcAionst con- 
duA anf) (late of each— 4he hopes 
of the one and the fears of the 
other— -their common obligatiooSf 
the divine promifc to the Chriftian, 
with the time, manner of enjoy- 
ment, and particular kind of good 
promifed, are all here contained 
in clofe cannedlion, either expret 
fed or clearly implied. The in- 
Quifitivemind will here find fatis- 
nAion in all theie refpeAs. Sup- 
pofing the following queftions be 
fyxtF^iyto an ite ferfmut to whom 
tUiin^ttefi isfrom/edim tU fa^ 

They are delcribed by their rao» 
ral charader— ihey are at heart 
conformed to the eternal rule of 
righteoufne(s» and adu&tcd with 
love to univerlal being— they are, 
tbejujl. What u thefufya of tht 
promfcf or the good annexed to the 
eharaSer f It is life. But nvbat 
kind of Ufe f h it animal life^ the 
enjoyment of fenfual fleafuret^ end 
worldly deUgbtt ? or, is it the Im^ 
frovement of their natural under- 
Jiamdingt in the purfuitt of feienct^ 
and the attainments of knowledge 
and natural ph'dofcphy f Neither 
of thefe ; but fomething infinitely 
fuperior to both. It is that life 
which confiftsin the knowledge 
of God and of Jefus Chrill, ex.- 
ercifed in love, (ubmiifion, hope> 
troft and defire. IFhen^ or ai 
what timSi may this life he expert* 
enced'^^his happinefs enjoyed ? Is 
it a prefent or ajuture good ? The 
anfweris mow, in the prefent (late 
of things— in our prefent (late of 
probation ; amid all the furromnd- 
ing evils to which wc are cxpofed; 
and under dl the outward trials and 
diflrefies, croifes and diGv^^ov^v 
mcntsw)^chweiQa.^*{Qfiti« ^ Nq5» 

Om Pmtfftr. 


|that bdictcih iiuff eumal iifeb 
t> The Lk tttikl. I ai>tt> Im in t}M 
likA" Tuil thiifoily Aptltle. " ii 
lib on-MSoaoi GoO." 

J,/trti,t^>mc/l{h £fi f 
The cfl«e*«M ptonnie i»d ^ith- 
' 't sf God. "Now diejull 
tf live bv iMti." 

^ ea^uir J ntajr be pnbed a 
pfunbci, and a ready ialmcM 
|b: I'ound. 

T ^,' ttinT! tairlmitd /rMT i^ 

MJtre thrre nJl^at vta d» m«l mr- 

MhioaritJgt CiriJIt «"^* jrtfrwm 

mlitir e-irmfitry taaAiff—4tiir marmi 

lAvM— fWrr iiuJ, siJigiif fJ (•■ 

r^/ve carria^f t and ^ftn^, 

-OM iknr miumaa nfifahitfi M miiii- 

mJ, may fXftrS tlfJtvint affrtl»- 




IT appesed to be Uk abfB&af 
the MAootry knaam, praick 
ed It Haiitofdi oaifeedtirof tfai 
ItA OcocnJ Ele<3i0a, u fiir up 
CkriAuM w tbc duly of cxnvrdif 
MTTpnycr. 'i1i« yreactitf if -I 
milakc not. heU uy tith iAUt 
7bai tirrr ooi. p^rbtfi, iw w^ 
m iptxi tJie/rinA tf'iit RrJttm 
ir»ifit A> imrr » mJvm a: lie im 
tiTt/l of i'l hijamii litm ij prajtn 

U then npfimed te mc tbu iIm 
thttught wn jiilt, and very impur* 
unr. But ihc mofc [ hire ouxlif 
lied upaa tbe AibjcA, the more 
itononaniit appears, ihu d the 
foUotnts of the L»nb Aosld b» 
come wreUlen in prayer. 

Th< thought has finick My tniad 


Oh Frajer* 


Utter, by re^on of iheii having 
libeny of accefs to the throoe of 
grace. I'his gave Jacob the ad- 
vantage of his brother Efau. 
When Jacob was returning from 
Padaoaram» Efau fet out to meet 
hiiD ID a hoftilc manner^ at the 
head of 400 men. It was a try- 
ing time with Jacob. He did not 
wxlh to fight his brodier. If he 
had wiflicd it> he could not j for 
he had nothing but a defencelefs 
conipany of women, children and 
flocks. In this trying time, Ja- 
cob remembered the God of his 
Either Abraham^ and the God of 
his father Ilaac ; and he remem- 

lo the X 7th chapter of Exodus* 
there is an account of a battle be<* 
tween Ifrael and Amaiek, an at« 
tention to which will throw light 
upon the fubjtd before us. *« Then 
came Amalek and fought with If- 
raci in Rephidlm. And Mofes 
faid unto Jofhua, Choofe us out 
meni and go out, fight with Ama» 
lek \ to-morrow I will fbnd on 
the top of tlie hill, with the rod 
of God in /nine hand. So Jofh- 
ua did as Mofes had faid to him, 
and fought with Amaiek : and 
Mofes, Aaron and Hiir went up 
to the top of the hill. And it carm 
topafstuhsn Mofes held up his hand^ 

bered that he was a prayer-hearing that Ifrael prevailed : And<whcn he 
God^-tohim he went and poured ' let down his hand^ AmaLh pre*oatU 

out his hearty and entreated his 
hkJSag. . The night before he met 
his brother, he never ffiut his eyes 
to deep ; but fpei;^ the whole time 
in the Aioft fervent prayer. His 
importnnity held out 10 the very 
bit ; even at the breaking of the 

. ed^ &c. The holding up of the 
' hand is exprefEve of prayer : Lam. 

111. 41." Let us lift up our heart 
fjiith our hands unto God in the 
heavens." Now obfervc in the 
cafe before us, there were tivo ways 
in which Ifrael fought againll Ama- 
dlay^ hefaidtothe ;i! mighty An- Ick, and but one in which they 
gel* with whom he wrcftlcd, / fought againfl Iirael. They both 
wUlmai lei thee go, except thou bhfs hud armies, and, no doubt, gen- 
«r. And the fequci Ihows us thiit crah to lead them ; but Amaick 
he did not wrcftlc in v.iin. He, ; had no Mofes to pray. By at- 
who mrneth all hearts whithcrfo- tending to iiie whole pafTagc, we 
he will, difarmed Efau of his . learn that the battle iffucd in favor 
_ I, lb that the next morning they of Ifrael but not until God had 
met like two twin brotheis; fee j given tliem decided proof, that 
Gen. 32dand 33dchapiv:rs. Who- | they mufl notcxpeA to overcome, 
erer reads the account and believe^ ; by fuperior force, but by humbly 
the tmthof it, will fee, that pray- ; fupplicaiing aid from the Lord of 
cr w^ the weapon, with which | holts. The Anialckites could fight 
Jacob overcame his brother. In • with carnal weapsns as well as the 
Ab contefl, this weapon was uicd j poo^;lc of God } but they had no 
enly on one fide. £lau was a pro- | pray:r on their fide. In other rcf- 
ftoe man ; his portion was in this j pedis, it feems, they had the ad- 
Sudi men do not pray : ** Yc ! vantage j for v/hcn Moles letdo»sf n 

I his hand, they prevailed ; but as 
foofi as his holy Iiand was again lif- 

taanot fcr\'c God ;iiid Mammon.'' 
^u had the moil men on his fide ; 
^ Jacob had God on his fide. 
WhUe the one v/aj marflialling his 
.troop, the other was praying to 
hb God — and prayer got the ric- 

Vol. XL ilo. 6. 

ted up to God in the heavens, they 
were difcomfited. • They could 
not Hand before prayer, tho' they 
could force their way again ft the 
nakedfword. FiQYSi\&u.^'vm^^^u»X 



:ee of fcfipivre litftorj-, wc lom 

at |>Taytr ii a w«iipon peculiar U> 

e irnel gf CoA. How carefnl 

ni they ouj;ht to be la ktcp iliii 

rt ca£ Uieif armour in ufc ud to 

Fcp it bti^lit. Even Mo&s had 

'figtuint jhishaadjgrcw wea- 

d be ki them fill. What a 

7 it wui thai A^iroo and Hur 

c with liim to fl^y up his handi 

lad it not bccD fur this, l&ad, 

i of Adialtkr wi>uld have 

difcooilSlcd. " Wo unto him, 

i-italoDc whcnhefillcih;forhe 

It another to help him un." 

I It was by praycT, that joltiua 

luiicd a vidory over ihc five kingii 

Bo that day when the /uii llood 

U. And thue watoo daj like 

at bet'oie ic, nor aTtcr iti that 

i: Lucd hcarkcDcd utilothevoiu 

a maa ; for the Lord fou^t 

•' ■ 1 Jofh. X. 14. Wcara 

eidanil thit this u'as the 

of Jdwrali. "rtniT|iiyni nifllB 
Itated way. which he took to hmt 
forth thofe fii[^iin which he frea 
time to time neolcd. '* In all te 
ways^eknonlcilgc hJAi and he ^| 
direft thy n-tthi " Itwai totUl 
way. tliat I>a*id h«d the adMM 
U-^e of Goli^ and S^. In o^ 
cr TC^^Ai. he was not a lUKh iot 
them. Gotiih wa> Rrooger ud 
better armed than he, and S«4 
hod the power nf the lingdan oa 
hb lidc ; bot Darid had theooi^ 
er of the r^ieriul king on tii« lide 1 
farhc viiitrtnaea&fa i^amefptajer. 
It u'u by prater, dm kmg Afa* 
gained fucb a viAorr ffm that 
greu army, under Uk comtnand 
of Zcrah the Ethiupiin And 
Afa cried unto the Lcrd kisGo^ 
aadfaid. Lord, iti* noibing wiili 
th«e to faelpi whetbrr wrdt many 
or wi'h them that have do power i 
help u5, O Lort). our God i for 


On frojtr. 


CKlMr godf it, in rcility, no priyer ; 
flat words featured in the wmd. 
Aad there is but one way, in 
which prayer can be ofTercd up to 
the living and erue God, (b as to 
be accepted. IVithout fa'uh^ it it 
imf^k tepUafi God. Thefacri. 
fict of ihe vfkked is abomination to 
thf Lord : hut the prayer of the 
t^nght is bis dsUght, The extar^ 
nai of prayer is not peculiar to the 
people of God. Pharifees and 
hypocrites have prayed much in 
their way ; but it is the prayer of 
the righteous alone, which avail- 
ed! nmch. No other prayer avails 
aoy thing ; to that prayer, confid- 
ered as prevalent is peculiar to the 
people of the faints of the mofl 
nigh God. 

That prayer gives the people of 
God a (uperioricy over their ene- 
mies is clear, from reading the 20th 
chapter of tiie 2. Chron. When 
Moab and the children of Ammon 
came againft JchoOiaphat with a 
great multitude he acknowledged 
befinvths Lord his inferiority to 
tiM enemy, and his entire dcpcnd- 
auice upon him fur help. *' O our 
God» wilt thou not judge the 111 ? 
For ve have no might again fl this 
great company that cometh ag^iinft 
m : neither know wc what to do, 
bst ourey?s arc vponthce." Hear 
the anfwer, which the Lord fcnt 
by his prophet to this prayingking; 
** Ye mall not need to fight in this 
battle ; fet yourfolves, fUnd yc (Hll 
and ice the filvation of the Lord 
with you, O Judah and Jerufalem ; 
feu not, nor be difmaycd ; to-mor- 
rovgoout againfl tiicm, for tlie 
Lord will be with you." It was 
even lb. Prayer and faith had done 
aO — God nude the enemies of his 
praying people dedroy oncanothcr. 
What a bleffing it was to Judah to 
have at the head of the kingdom 
liicfa a praying man as Jchofliaplut. 
He V31 to them» under Hcavcp^ 

a greater, defence than walls of 
brafs. Who can believethe bible, 
and not feel tlie importance of hav* 
ing pious rulers? It would give 
great delight to all the pious part 
of a ftatc or kingdom to have rea« 
fon to believe, that their rulers were 
daily fuppllcating the king of kings 
for wifdom and dircAion, and foe 
his blelling on the nation. 

Judah was blc/fed witli more 
than one prajrxog king : And more 
than once did the kingdom obtain 
a great deliverance, in anfwer to 
tlie prayers of its Prince, in union 
with others, who delighted to call 
on God. Sennacherib threatened 
to dcftrny Jcnifiilem, in the reign 
of the pious Hezckiah. His ar* 
my was great ; his fuccefs had been 
great, and he was perfe^ly confi- 
dent, that enfeebled Jerufalem 
could not withftand the force he 
brought againft it. Hezekiah felt 
his own wcakncfs, and the weak* 
nefs of his people ; he was alfo 
acquainted with the fhcngth, th^ 
valour and the fuccefs of the king 
of AflTyria : But he knew there 
was a king in heaven more mighty 
than he. He felt for himfelf and 
his people ; but he felt more fenfi- 
bly for the infuhcd Majcfty of 
heaven, whom this idoUtrous king 
had ranked with the gods of the 
heathen. " And for this ciufe, 
Hozekiah the king, and the pioph- 
et Ifaiah the fon of Amoz, pray^ 
ed and eried to Heaven* Au'l th*.' 
Lord fcnt an angel, which cut off 
all the mighty msn of valour, and 
thcleadersand captains in the camp 
of the king of AfTyria ; fo he re- 
turned with (hame of face to liis 
own land." What a niiglity weap- 
on is prnycr ! If Jrihn Knox was a 
Hezekiah* in prayer, it is no won- 
der, tlut Qi^ccn Mary fhorll fiy, 

• Ilczckiah's emiDcncy in^rvj^^ "^w'-^V 
aUb Appear b^ TcaASn^ x Vv^^^%^^^*^ • "^ 

On Prayer. 


I' She hid nthet btve an inny of 
1 thnuland men againft her Uian 
Ihc preyers of John Knox." 

It »jipesrj from reading the book 

lif Nehemiah, thit the adnniage, 

|vhich he hiA orer SantmHit and 

:iitap»nion), who endcivored 

hinder the Jews from rehnild- 

Ing Jenifatem and from fctting up 

Ihe worfhip of God there, -vrat 

■reitly owinj; to his fervent Pfiy- 

Befcire he f..'t out for Jeru- 

m, ie fit de-an and •aitpt, and 

mawmtd nrictin deyi, and pt^rd 

\tid prayfd hifari tin God of hritv- 

After he hsd built the wsil, 

le kept a fotemn uid public ft(t at 

nifakra ; at which time he mtde 

moft excellent and well adapted 

sycr.^ ■ It is evident alfo, that 

e kept at the throne of grace, 

l^hile the moiJt was going on ^— 

riheiefs we made our pray- 

r Cod, nnd fet a waich 

inll ihcm day and ni;;ht. be- 


wu Alt daily tiuerconrft, vluch • 
he had with God in prayer, wUtil - 
gave him this zeal and prcfenccoC - 
nind. It w)i owing to iltii, (IM 
he wat fo fuperioi'i* the powc*. 
maticc and intrigun of hu CB& 
tnies, and the enemie* of the peace 
of Jemfalem. Such a man wn 
remarkably fined for the great work 
of building up (he wiHt of Jcra&»"- 

" O rife fome other fadi !" ~ " 

The book of Efther will fic% 
10 eflablilh this point, That pnycir ' 
It a weapon peculiar to thoTc, wm 
fight under Immantiel. Hunan 
fougitt the dcOniftion of Morde- 
cai and of all the Jevs tbraoghoilt 
the Perfian empire j and »r i 
while eirety thing Teemed to fitreiir 
his wilhes. He had obained a 
decree fSr their entire deftruAnnt^ 
in that kingdom, where it wa» a 
tixed Diixini of the ^orcmnKD^ 
that no decree oi 


lUmarh on Z«&xvi. 271 2%, 


co«U oppoiethetr enemy; and with 
this they trmniphed gIoriou(]y. Ha- 
inan was hong on the high g.iilowsi 
which he had prepared for Mnrde- 
cai ; and the day* in which the Jews 
were to be dcflroyed, was a giuo- 
my day to their enemies. Mow 
wooderhil are the wa^'s of the 
Moft High ! What honor docs he 
put apon his prayinp fcrvants ! 

Daniel and the three children 
were eminent for devotion. By 
prayer^ they bafHed all the cfTorts 
and wiles of their enemies. It 
ieems* their enemies difcovcrcd 
that holy, weapon, throngh which 
they were invulnerable, and they 
foaght to wreA it out of their 
hands.* But in vain do tyrants 
make laws to prohibii the chiidren 
ofGodfipom praying. They may 
put them into a £cry furnace — 
they may put them into a lion's 
den* bat they cannot (top them 
firom pcaying* As a boiiir-* fpring 
rnnftboUover ; fo a gracious foui 
mnit flow out in prayer :ind fup- 
piication with thankfgivingio God. 
The enemies of religion put the 
feet of P^l and Silas in the blocks ; 
4)ut the gracious aflciiom of their 
hearts thev could uot confine — 


even at midni;«ht, HKy pray^cd Aod 
fang praifcs to Go(!. Prayer is 
foroctfaingt v/hich the world cannot 
pwt nor take away. " I^lcfFed is 
the man* whom thou chcofc-fi, and 
•caoieft CO approach unto dice.'' 
(To be conti:iu'ed.J 

Olfirvaticnt en the parnhle nf Di- 
ver and Lazarut ; rJ^fciaUy on 
'tthfaffBge^ T pray thee t her cforc, 
Father, ihzi thon wouMfl fend 
kim to mv r^tLcr's hcufc : for 
I hare five brethren, that he may 
teftify nm.o them, k^l thLV alio 
Ctime inio tl-i^ placi: of torment. 
Lmhiai. 27, 28. 

9 Pasiei iii. 1 2. and vl. 4, — 9. 

THE parable of which thefe 
words are a part, is replete 
with ioterefHng andfoJemn inflruc- 
tion.* It brings the twoworlds^ 
heaven and hell, with their re- 
fpcjAlve joys and for rows into the 
meft clear and af^'cd^ing view. It 
teacheth the immortality of the 
foul, and the future happinefs, or 
milery of men, according to their 
moral char.-'.^tcr. That tlse foul 
will exift after its fej>aration from 
the body» in a flate of incalcula- 
ble bills or woe ; ' and that death 
tranflates it inflantaneoudy into 
one or other of thcfc i!atcs. The 
beggar dietf^ and 'was carried by 
an/e/j into j-Jira/jJiT^s bofom. The 
rich men aijo dud% and^as buried,, 
And in 'hell he lifi vp hit eyes being 
iti torments* Tiie parable aUb 
-teacheth us« that the (late of man- 
kind in the invifible world is unal* 
terably fixed. There is nopolE* 
bility of cxchaitpng it for another. 
The langi!r.;;e of Abiaham to his 
apoAate ion u:i?, Let^wetn us and 
ycu th.rc is a ^r^nt £Uij Jixrd : fo 
that they wliih fivcvld pafs frcm 
hence to you cannvt ; nriiher can they 
pafs to ust that would come front 
thence. It gives us alfo a ftriking 
rcprcfcntation of the aHonilhing 
chancres which a few moments may 
make in the flate both of ftiints and 
(inncrs ; and how wonderfully 
different it may be in different 
worlds. The faints are indanta- 
neoufly tranflatcdyfroni the depths 
of poverty, pain and wrctchcd- 
ncfb}into thcpar.idifc of God, in- 
to all the di;;nitit:s and beatitudes 
of the father's houlc. From the 
crofs and the faps;ot, from begga- 
ry and ccn tempt, at the gates of 
t])c rich, they aic cxahcdtocrowns 
and joys in hcaren. But the wick- 
ed ;;o from tluir giMcd domes, 
(heir downcy beds, fcarlet, fine nuJ r.niptu<»us r*ire to il\c\\\. 
cf wcfttuvlosi, 3L\<: ^\^\^^ "»v<^ 

RtmarL m LJtexvi. 17, ii. 


I iames, tod lift up lli«ir cycx in tcr> 
The fiints who h»J tlKit 
I evil ihtDgt in ihit life will be con- 
I fbried in the ocxi ; an4 the «ick- 
I «d whofc tyes Ittwd uut with hi- 
I ntf!), anil who luil more thin heart 
Icouldwilh, v-'iJI be tanncnied. 

Dut th;it whii.'h It M sow more 
I efjxdaUy der^nitl to notice, ai of 
■ ■oA ferioui Bciil lingular moDCntt 
InthepDyer of the rich nun, tn 
I ihe (jTKnchlef* djtno.ihjt his brtth- 
I Tcn mrjHi be warned nol (O come 
I inta th; fjma pbcc of lament, and 
I be ecerntl companions with him 
I fa Iiis cbih fibode. He found hii 
la be onnr.eraHf, and 
I thit 1i4 could obtain n» relief or 
I mHifxion of them ; not 3 drop of 
I waitr to robl his burning wnj^. 
IKev-H therefore anicioolu prc- 
|<«tit[hc jucresfe of them. He 
lirascorspaffsd 1 

■ uimi'M « the ii 

^hahht firman ha^.\ That 
i« fironi faeh at have no frKs. no 
fail h or bre. from tbcBi DuUbe 
taken away all thufe gilta. all that 
humanity, natural xfieAton, ud 
whatcTer bad the appearuca if 
good in them. All leflraiBUvA 
be withdrawn hoia them, and 'htf 
will, like the tufernal QnritSr H 
abandoned to all cril. They w3| 
br impla(!able hitcnof God, hil 
glory aod kingdoRi. There «il 
be no principle trithin them. W 
which they can be induced to fttt 
the holinefs and faJ^^cTi of moh 
The reqaelt of the mifcr>U« !>■ 
vcl therefore ie^Am|; hit brtth- 
ren, wii wholly feUfii. It ori- 
pnated in hi* feanlhat ihevvooM 
increaie his tormcQcs. A cuti- 
fcioufnef) of bii negleft of tht 
duties he owed thofc near rclatiTe^ 
and ofthe injuriei which his wick- 
ed examples had done tbcnt, fajv- 
towed up his rcry foal, aod vu 


Remartt m Luhexn, 27, 28. 


There are Tarious confiderations 
which may fenre to corroborate 
this point. The near relation in 
«hi^ brethren and (iftenty and 
other rehtms and friends ftandto 
each other, the peculiar endear- 
nents which fubfift between them, 
the fpecial advantages and oppor- 
sanities which they hare to do each 
other goody and mutually to pro- 
mote oneanother'srpiritual welfare; 
m conjondtion iinth the commands 
of Godf enjoining upon them all 
relative duties* muft, beyond all 
caknlationi enhance their guilt in 
ae^ediag them, and of bang, by 
their errors and wickednefs inftm- 
mental of each other's perdition. 
God will render to them accord- 
ing to their deeds. They will 
hare a rooft affe&iog knowledge of 
die mag;nitude of their offences, 
and of the injuries which they have 
done to each other. A confciouf- 
ne&of thefe will continually prcis 
them with the moft intolerable 
ihame and anguilh. The pretence 
of thole whom they have thus in- 
jved and deftroyed, will keep alive 
and more deeply imprefs this con- 
Icionfiiefs. It will inceflantly and 
eternally increafe and give edge to 
their ielf-reproach and felf-con- 
demoation. Such friends who 
have deftroyed each other, will be 
everlafiing monitors of each oth- 
er's wickednefs. Thus they will 
blow up the flame and increafe the 

Further, none can fo dlfclcfc 
all the wickednefs of one another, 
as thofe moil acquainted with each 
other, and moll ioiimalely con- 
Defied and leagued together in 
conies of Cn. They can mo& 
dearly and fully bring it into view, 
noft pofitivcly witncfs againft it, 
\ in all iu ingratitude, bafencfs and 
aggravations. They, above all pth- 
en, will therefore be able to pub- 
Bhifactr crimcsi and fotcvcr to 

paint them in the mod degrading 
and hateful point of view, and ter 
be patting a fwoid into the hands 
of all tlie powers of darknefs, t6 
wound and torment them. They 
can, above all others, not only 
harrow up each other's confcicnces, 
but furniOi all the infernal legions 
with materials for the fame infer- 
nal work, and roafe them to aAioa. 

Befides, the mutual injuries 
which they will now know, that 
they have done each other, how 
they have deceived, blinded and 
hardened each other in fin, how 
they have tempted, beguiled and 
like infernal fpirits, urged one a- 
nothcr on to the burning pit, will 
eternally blow them up to thehigh^ 
eft poifible degree of hatred, re- 
venge and rage againft each other. 
The company, and even fight of 
each other, like that of the meft 
inveterate and implacable enemies 
will inflaiiie their mutual rage and 
miferies. Their mutual hatred 
and tormenting of each other will 
for ever keep alive, and ir.crcaie 
the torments of their infernal 

Some profitable remarks may be 
made on thefc reprefentaiions. 

I. That the poored and moft 
miferable faints arc blcfTcd. They 
are not only pardoned, adopted 
and made heirs of all things ; but 
they ihall fcon exchange tlicir beg- 
garly garments for robes of right- 
eoulnefs and joy ; their indigence 
and hunger, for ftiJling and ful- 
nefs ; their fores, Cckncifcs and 
pains, for health, cafe and pleaf- 
ures for ever more. O indigent, 
afflided chtillian, take courage, 
litt up thine head and fing, halle- 
lujah ! A fpark of grace, even 
with poverty, reproach and pain, 
is better than all the gold, fcarlet 
and fumptuous fare cf the wicked. 
Be patient, contented, and blcfa 
Cod forbid gtsicS) arA^t;)^^ ^^ 

tc conit 

■A : .liid yuiu joy .|k^ 


t.-.'j iJi., 

10 jtiftgiuunJ 

...c prcfiKtity of tliv 

in the Icjil avgtec u. 

in liicit iitkill glohoiu , 

tr ill, i;yia.'/i.- .7/ witJ 

... Thty have tlitir portion in 

I this iiic. It II i^nftti^'^iog tnA 

I JDomcDLirjr. ^litii tbi mUieii 

1 "Jjirifg as ilx gnifi, and ■a/bn al! 

lU ^iiii-LrioJ laiquilj da^fiourlfili 

il ii rk^ iL-yjha/1 be Jefimyiiifjr 

njtr.' 'Till ni^Ll ibarJauL maj 

he r.-quircJ </ iLm^ Tbco whofe 

ivill b= their f,:jtltt, fibt lioen and 
J ruiupiuuus l.ire. TV w^MM cvi// 
I thtyjUcf.,, hc'.f f j1.J ^iiert ■uiiil 
\ ihiy Uaiii lb:tr ^Isry ? 

That litll niult \x a pUcc 

Tdbly lirtaulul, 4S thcK itll 

:>tnifii!Ld wiih ilic burning 

, rdicr 

.,, of , 

J..1 »r.orch. 

one anathcr. It's tutft j«a /idf 
iUij^ Haw .' /.>r ytJhaH mmnt a*J 

4. How cswtous iluHiId ivctli- 
icn, fillcii iad oiitcr oeac TeUuws 
b; of irjuring each 9U:crt by ii- 
poui Uvet and bad cxaa)4u, 
1(^11 ^1 their muiuil epjcamwiuii 
Ibcic .iuilucuce with nth other, 
Aod i^ wtMlo teooi ot ihcii liiiui 
Ihould icmtUati: ia cniilcli iiir- 
rows i Where pcrfbns ve uoi;ad 
in the tcoJcrcll tics cf lUtvK) 
they ii»vcgt:atia£ueact:«'ith uch 
uthir, iiod Uiui bad OiAioplct will 
have tlie n>Bll 4^dJy .Hndcp- 
cy. . ArfoTuAi, WMto<i|j}^fnblm^ 
wid;td broLht-r, or JaE«ia ipqi 
raiJi * uhoie fatnity. ''ffjctoi 
hulh.uijs iiiaydcfltoy .tlieu' ivirej, 
cauil ih: curfc "t t^.,i$JiS'£[>>2 
upon their poAcrity, Ulp li>^^l^^ 
and fouith gen^^-OD^ and be ja- 
(triiiiicnu] of ihtir nlotiully ^ 

iSoi-l Revival of Religion in Ntw^MarAfougL 

(liae of divine grace, in the con- 
fcvlion of finnersy holds the firft 
nok. la compliance with the 
wilh of minyy I have concluded, 
very brieiy to give a general date- 
nent of 'the late work of divine 
grace among the people of this 

In the funnner and fall of the 
yev 1783, which was previous to 
nj miiiiftry and acquaintance in 
Uiis tows, there was a very con- 
fiderable revival of religion ; the 
laeffff fruit of which was, that 
nearly fifty were added to the 
dnnch* Tlih was the firft fpecial 
aind TifiUe work of divine grace, 
after the fettkment of the town, a 
eerm of about forty years. 

In coniequeoce of this revival, 
Ic flu rca and conferences were fre- 
metttly attended, (or fcveral years. 
Thisvu theoleaiingftate of things, 
nntily and after my fettlement in 
the flofpel minilby, which was in 
theluimerof 1787. 
' Attention to things divine had, 
bv this time, however, greatly de- 
nned* and a gromnng inattention, 
among the body of the people, was 
manifeft, for about ten years.— 
during tins interval of fpecial di- 
vine inflnence, fad were the fcenes 
of cootroverfy in town, tefpe^ing 
theloeationof a new meeting houfc ; 
and in the church, refpedting dif- 
eipline and pradlice. 

When all thcfe evils had fubfi- 
dedy and infiJclity, which had 
been, formidable, in troublefome 
times, in a great mcnfure difappcar- 
ed ; there was difcovcvable, in fe- 
rions pfrefeflbrs, an uncommon con- 
cern for the welfare of Zion. Near 
the beginning of the year 1 797, it 
wii privately contemplated by fe- 
rioBi members of the church, to 
ietttp a religious conference, to 
be attended, at lead, once a month. 
The plan was propofed to the 
dmrch ( and it was recommended 

Vol. IL No. 6. D 


to individuals to ufe influence to 
perfuade their connexions and 
neighbours to auend. The con- 
ference was fmall in the beginning, 
but conftantly increafed, during 
that and the following year. In 
the winter of 1798, we had, in 
different neighbourhoods, two, and 
often tliree croudcd conferences in 
a week, eagerly attentive to .tjjke 
difcufEon of bible doArines, al^d 
the explanation of difficult pafTa- 
ges of fcripture. This, together 
with prayer and finging, was the 
whole bufinefs of our conferences ; 
and fome people attended, even 
for years, merely as to a fchool for 
improvement in knowledge. But 
it is apprehended, that there was 
an uncommon fpirit of prayer a- 
mong a few, for the outpouring of 
the fpirit of God. Not more thsih 
five or fix hopefiil converfions had 
been manifcfted in the parifh for 
ten years ; and the chief of thefe 
were within the firft year, after 
the ferious refoluiion of attending 

But in theqionth of O^obcr 
1799, after all ^eans had fcemcd 
to become unfjccefsful, iind prof- 
pedls had become very gloomy, it 
pleafed God to manifeft his glori- 
ous power, in arrcfting the atten- 
tion of multitudes, net merely to 
dry fpcculations, but to tlie v.ift 
concerns of their own fouls. — 
Though it is to be acknowledged, 
that, under the greateft preffure of 
convi^ion, we generally difcover- 
ed the moft folemn attention to the 
do^rines oi total depravity t eleffion, 
rrgenerationy atonement and pardon 
by the blood of CMJl, S:c. 

The agitation of people's minds 
was not very vifible, under their 
convictions ; nor did we difcover 
any thing which borders on enthu- 
fiaim, in thcfe who obtained a 
comfortable hope of recoacvlv?A.\MOk 


Miineiri »f Mn, Rehecta JUilti. 


Innk, ibai lIk- jpi.titances ofper- 
I who were lubjcd? of diTJoe 

r«io«. UifficulliM we had 

ntountfr, ai U crjinmonly the 

Jifc, on limilir occjGons. About 

, originaicd ihe groieft 

to popagilethe doflrlDci 

t£iativir/a/i/ni. The ptofpefl of 

' cccfi in ilicfc cxcmons wu for 

Kjfon. very ihrejtning Tliere 

: miny btCdes, who viewed 

v«kcniiig:inaniiafjvorsbIc lighl j 

d were ioduced from appcaraa- 

Si (.oncgltifl [he boufc of God, 

d even to ff e^il. reproachfuilji of 

lai we confiJered as the woik 

|.f the Lord. 

Under theft: drcura fiances, it 

1 cafy K> conceive, that ouraflcm- 

; on tlie Lord's day wetc not 

:ifcd, tliou^li our conferences 

greatly ciuuded. All our 

I iliitti'ore, rhjt ilic iliuich 

u:ld I 

It it DOW more thao a you urfL 
■ kilf, fiacc there has b«ai k «iC>, 
ble aluieraent of ferioiu ut^nft 
Gons ; and an incrvalc of that Ak 
pidicy and vanityi for which nufr 
kind are notorious. But, in a A: 
view of pall fcesei, and paft t^ 
vcn:;, i: is hoped, tliat lame ta 
mong ui feel the importance <f 
walkii^ in the path of the juA,— • 
ConfsYtnces are ytt attended ft» 
(jucnily t but not by large numbans 
I[ithir>|>ed,thatChnlliaDs amongm 
«'Ut fee! their ptculiar obli^alio^ 
and tm'tiragrmriilt U> pc/fevere in 
the iniiHOvancat df this, aad alt 
othei FMcaoi of iaftru&ioai and it. 
afi|>eu« to be the ardent ptayei of 
fonK-, thai Gad would return unta 
\x^ in loving kiodnet, and not cake 
aw^y his holy fpiritieom us., ' 

Jaco> Catlib. 

:«lbnroi,gb, \ 
h4, 1801. i 


Hfjmoin of Mrs. Rclecea BTtlU. 


this proved a great trial for a fea- 
(bn to this daughter, as fhc was, 
by this removal, deprived of the 
fbciety of a large circle of acquaint- 
ancCff whom flie highly valued. 
But while \\iii lived in this retired 
places Aie found as ilic conceived, 
that fblid peace *' which the world 
cannot give, nor take away." 

While here, fhc fpokc of ha- 
ving her eyes opened, on a certnin 
morning, when walking ^out into 
the field, to behold the glory of 
God. All his works fecmcd to 
her to praiie him, and her foul w;is 
dcawn fortli in admiration awd love. 
From this time, fho was led to a 
particular love and att .ntion to the 
great affiurs of religion.'** She 
ioon viewed it hci duty, to name 
the name of Chritl, and to come 
CO his table. 

On the Lord's day previous to 
her partaking of t!;c holy iiip{>er, 
flie heard a difcourfc concerning 
thenew-birth. — She examined wi:h 
cloTe attention, and hoped ihc found 
ibmc good evidence in herfelK. that 
flie had experienced this blcfFcd 
change. She continued ever after 
a faithful attendant un public v/cr- 
fluDy and the Lord's fi!])per. 

ller father fnon returned to his 
former feat ut \Ve:hrr<hc)d ; but 
died not long^a'tcr, wi'li the con- 
famption — her motlier followed 
Uan within two after the 
death of her hufband. 

Now was this affedliona^c ard 
bereaved d:iughter fjrely [ueiuJ 
with heavy foirows ! Slic bjin? 

* The writer of thci'c mcn;oirs, li*s 
IOC been able t? obtain a pArticulkr ac- 
count of her est r^'fcs while under con- 
viAioD, or bcfu7c the received comfort 
■■A t fcfar 35 lie cm Icarii, the had 
ftccn Ibr a confid .-r^blc length of time, 
I wder fieriouM thi&u^rhifulncf; and con- 
cern for her foul. She wis upwards 
it ao years old, when her views of re- 
ff|ioB were 3lt:r:;d ;*! r^I.itcd ubove. 

the eldeft of a numerous family — 
three fiflers and a brother being in 
their childhood. In this ditRcuit 
lituation, (he conduced witli fur- 
priling difcretion — doing the duty 
of a parent a? well r.s iiftcr — fhe 
kept the family together in peace 
and tcndcrncfs — ^promoted the un- 
finifhcd education of the young 
(iflers and brother, and labored to 
allure them in the paths of virtue 
and pure religion. Shecondufled 
as one tenderly concerned both 
for their tenutoral, and everlafting 

And when God in his provi- 
dence, appeared to call her to en- 
ter into the ni.irriage relation, fiie 
parted fiom her little;c, as a 
moil: tender and affecrionate moth- 
er would from her children f 

Tier rcoqrd for religion indu- 
ced her to contemplate the flation 
of a miniflcr's wife, as highly im« 
portant. This appears not only 
from her after ctinduul while (he 
lived ; but ii om the following ex- 
traA from her writings, dated 
Jan. I, 1799. 

" O God, thou who haft all 

* power in thine hand — blefs this 
new year — this new [ituation to 
my Ibui. — It ij an importr^nt fta- 
tion thou haft placed nic in — 
niike mc faithful in every duty — 

' may I fo live as I Hull wiih I had 

* done, when I come to die : As 

* my day is io let my ftrtngth be. 

* Blefs my partner, and make him 

* a Iielp-mcct to my ibul, in the 

* way hcavon-ward. — Make me a 

* bltillng to him, while life ftiall 

* litft. O my hcavLnly Father, 

* make me fiithful and my laft 

* days ray beli days, mwft devoted 

* to thee, and when I have done 
' with time, may I be fitted and 

* prepared for, and received into 

+ She was mwncd to NVt. Vw^v 
• Feb. 1 79S, being ^^sout ^^ ^^-i-t*^ ^^'^V- 



ihj holy hit^tition, which 1 aSk 

fur Chrift's fAe." 

Mn. Milli fiiined thel.ighef- 
ecm and chiriiy of her {lioui m- 
uainUDce, and nf the people 
hcic ftic lived— Her hufband in 
er truly found, " u mij'e from iht 
^ard" She k;h«vcd lowud) 
lis inotherlefs children, wiih great 
endernef! and affeflion % 

Tlut llie wrote much by viy 
f diary a highly probable, » it 
vai found after her death, thai Ihe 
ad ordered a f.ftir, to burn up a 
arge bundle of her nianufcripts. 
3nly a few fcMps of htr private 
n'riiings, we kft behind. But a 
jirit of piety runs through allhtr 
nters to her brothers and Gfters ; 
onic cxtrafls from which the 
onipiler purpofu to fubjoin to 

1 ler humility and ft If-abafcraenl 
p|.uar in a note. Feb- '99.^ The 

' ioni, from the bock of thy r^ 
membra nCE." 

Among her manBli:ripti wm 
fcniivd the following conauK «i|k 
her maker, dated July ta, ffi^ 

" Incomprehenlible bdar , ifa 
' fearched the hearts, und tiicA At 

* reins of the childnn of omkav 
' Thou knowcfi my heftrt j mj 
' ihoDghts are all uDVcil«d to ibce. 
' Thou knowcll. O my God, tU 

* be entirely thine. The ^tiritia 
' willing and ready to obey, bat 
' \he fifth ii weak. O hcave^ 
' Jefus, be thou Aiy fuppon, my 

■ Hurdian to dircft itw aright.— 
' HesTtnly Father, in thy pro- 
' fence 1 rcligioufly dcrMe tayfeV 

* to thy fervicc, and entirely fdb- 
•mit rayfelf 10 thy will, koow^ 
' ing thy allfcarching eye it vpM 
' me. I renounce the vanitieaantl 

■ amufementi of the worU, snd 



MmdSri of Mru Rdeeta MiBs. 


ncmnce all my own righteoufiiersy 
aod come unto thee naked, hun- 
gry and thirfty, cafting all my 
cares at thy feet — imploring thy 
«id to dire A me aright. — O L*ord 
JcfnSy by thy grace I do hereby 
renounce all the enemies of the 
holy Trinity ;— the world, the 
flelh, and the devil. — I do fur- 
render myfitlf to thee. Father, 
Son and opirit, one God, to be 
thiac, and thine only. Seeing 
above all things, thou rcquirett 
the heart, I do now make a fur- 
rcndry of nine, to thee. OLord 
take it« and form it for thyfelf — 
make it entirely new — lioly,purc, 
free frani fin — put tJiy fear into 
it, that it may never depart from 
thee* fixr I have found it corrupt, 
wicked and deceitful, and dare 
no longer pretend to manage iu — 
O my God, I fwectly reft my 
foul on thee." 
Its evident from fome remain- 
ing fcraps, that ihc was a very 
fritUnl and profiuble hearer, of 
n preadbed gofpel, and a devout 
attendant on the Lord's fup]}er. 
Jane 12. *' Had another oppor- 

* tunityto fit at the holy feHivaJ, to 

* commemorate our dyings Lord. 
' Bnt how frozen was my heart ! I 

* fought him, but I could not find 

* fcim, as I wiihed — returned not 

* fiiti&fied — begun to doubt whcth- 
' er I had a ri^ht there — took up 
' Mr. Wadfworth*s guide for the 

* doubting, and cordial for the 
' liunt — read the cl^^vcnth cafe — 
** Didft thou ever know a dead 
' man hungry, or thirty, or com- 

* plain for want of food ?" Thcfe 

* words comforted my heart." 
-July 13. *• O my heavenly 
^Father» I have aauin been pcr- 
< Oiitted to vilit thy holy courts, 

* to Walton thee according to thine 

* appointment. — Thy word has 
"been fweetly difpenfed there — 
' and glorious things have been fpo- 

* ken of tliee, O city of God— 
' praifed be thy holy name my 
' God, for thy mercies this day. 

* I have relifhed thy word this day, 
' and it has been (weet to my foul 
' — Let thi^ day ever be remem« 
' bcred by me. Blefs it unto my 
' foul O my God." 

March 3och, 1 794. *' Brought 
' again to the houfe of God this 
' holy morning : O how good to 

* wait on the Lord ! Sweet has the 
' word been this day to my foul." 

There aie fevcral of her notes 
befides, which the compiler has 
omitted. They all breatlie forth 
the fame fpirit of piety and devo- 

Let us now attend her, in her 
I aft ficknefs and death. 

Mrs. Mills the fummcr before 
her marriage, fell into a very low 
ftate of health, and her cafe threat- 
ened a confirmed decline. Tho' 
(he in fome meafure recovered, fhe 
ever after remained in a feeble hab- 
it Her laft illncfs began more 
perceptibly. In June 1801, fhe 
dcclincii gradually, until about 3 
weeks before her death, when the 
progrefs of her difordcr became 
more rapid. 

She endured her illnefs with 
much patience ; not a murmur 
dropped from htr lips, tliiough the 
whole fcene of her diitrcfs. 

But in her lengthened indifpo- 
fition, while (he daily viewed death 
appraiching, (he labored under 
diflrcflTing doubts and fears, left all 
her hopes hr^d been gounded on 
a fandy foundation. Pious ac- 
quaintance and Gii ilVians of differ- 
ent denomin.aions, who vifitcd 
her, confidcrdcd her as a child of 
God, and admired her charity ; 
but while (he entertained a good 
opinion of odiers, (lie had a low 
efteeni of hcrfclf. She had fuch 
a deep and affcdling fenfc of Vvex 
own ?uAimc:fe wid. >iw^Q\>iKas&\ 

HAamrt •/ Mn. Mma MUb. 

(he remetiiacs fnred Ihe Ihould 
leave tlic world ia defpair. But 
lou'irdi ttic clofc of her lile, Qte 
hid fooie roanientary relief, from 
■cul^r piffanes of ftripture ; 
but her comfott would Cooa vanifh, 
id leave her agiin in a ttate of vc- 
rf painful anxiety and keen dif- 



of n 

The morning iha.t (he departed, 
ioj; Aujnft 19, iSci, wm after 
verd d>vi aiid m^t^u of greu 
bodily iJiftrefji — exiurting from 
heibrej<l, continual gru;i^.«. At 
fcvcn in ih? mc^.ning ike defired 
'.a be fet up in her beri. She wu 
iiUd accordingly, and lupported 
jy her huibind Ai fson 33 (he 
E» in thii polltion, IKc ceafed to 
;itnn, converiid a few wordi ra- 
ionallj'i and then Ml into a ttrj 
irjcnt, pithctic piayer. for ht:feLf 
— in tt'hich (ht prayed aa one that 
a^ h ifjrj. She rq)cotod h* 
fo^ hcrfcif, — jjTiycd for 
he family---fortlie worJd of nun- 

Here fellow tame extnSti from 
her lectcn, which were b the 
hands of her brother! and fitkn, 
at her death. 

To one of her lifters ftc wrint 
(hut :— ' Ever dear, dear filler, 

* Your letfcT gave me tnexprel&le 

* pleafure — And dpcciallyu 

' hear that you wu making the 

* great enquiry — concerned for 

* your foul— mourning for (m.^ 

* How great, how good is God I 
' To temcmber raercies in the 
' midft of affliaion^-call fnne to 

* himfelf, ivhilc others g*> allray. 
' Yob aOc my advice, concemiiij 
' fomc remaining doubts, in nkieg 
' that folcmn covenant uponTmi- 
' felf. I am not capable of in- 
' (Ini^inj; you, fori hivcniiicht« 

* learn. i3tit this I can adnfe yen, 
' to have rccourfe to the word of 
' God i try yourfelf there. In 
' tliis (acred volume, there is a 

balfam for every wonnd. It wu 


Memoirs of Mrs. Rehcca Mills, 


' of ghriDg up his child in baptifra. 
< O my friends, with this child, 
' you have a precious foul com- 

* mitted to your care — fee to it that 
« you do your duty, and walk be- 
' fore it with pious examples.— » 
' May God grant the fweet influ- 

* eoccs of his Holy Spirit upon 
' you, fcatter every doubt, and 

* give you free accels to him, thro' 
' the merits of his Son." 

Id another letter to a filler, da- 
ted Chefter December 32, y8oo, 
Ihe writes thus, <* I hope you are 
' enjoying all the fweets of health : 
' If fbv you have great opportunity 
' for rcaudingi meditation and pray- 
' er. In the morning of life, im- 
' prove thofe precious moments. — 
" Not with vain books, which will 
' not profit — but the bible, that 
' beft of books. Let it be early 

* treafbrcd in you mind— It will 

* guide and diredl you in every 
' Icene of life* Befldes, there are 
' many and a great variety of very 

* excellent books, in which we 
' may improve the mind, if we 

* have a hearr difpofcd for it. If 

* we Gtfiill, we (hall perifh. But 

* there is every encouragement for 
' OS to prefs forward. God has 

* promiied to " be found of them 
' that feek him." 

* His favor and love are of 
'more value than ten thoufand 
'worlds. Should v/e not leave 
' all for him I This world is a dark 

* world without Chrift. O may 

* he be our light and life. I wifh 
' you every happinefs for time and 

* eternity." B. M. 

In a letter to a younger brotlier, 
Imc 1799, flic writes, " O my 

* brother ! more than brother, my 
' child I How urc you ? Whu arc 

* you doing : How do you fpcnd 
^ •your time ? — Perhaps you may 

'ihbk mc impertinent ; — but 1 
^ fed intcrefltd in every concern 
'^your life ^— and long to have 

' you lead a heavenly life, and (b 
*• live, as you will wiih you had 
' done, when you come to die. 

• Rife early ; devote yoiu* morn- 
' ing hours to your God, and to 
' his holy word — there are fwcet 

* counfcls and directions, that will 
' lead and guide you at all times, 

* in every duty — liftcn to its JiiJl 

* fmaU ^oice. Do not let the bu- 
' fy world draw your feet afide. 
' But O may you be kept from 
' the many temptations that fur- 
' round you, and be found in the 

* way of your duty — hufbanding 

* your time to the beft advantage— 

* knowing that we are proba* 
< tioners for a Hiort {pace. Happy 
^ they, that arc found with their 
' lamps trimmed and burning, wait- 
' ing for the coming of their Lord. 
*• My dear brother, be found in 

* that happy number." 

In another letter to a fiftcr, fhe 
writes "Many thanks foryour kind 
£ivor, prcfcnted by the hand of 

fifter B . Your juft fenti- 

mcnts in religion rendered it tru- 

ly aorccablc. O my N , 

may you profefs it in (inctrity 
and truth. Find God a father 
to you at all times, the Holy 
Ghoft your fanftificr and prcfcrv- 
cr. In enjoying God, you pof- 
fcfs all things that are truly valu- 
able, f jr time and a never ending 
eternity. Now you have a talent 
put into your hand, improve it— 
you arc not hurried in bufincr* — 
a great opportunity to read your 
bible, the beft of guides — attend 
it while young, it will dirc<5l you 
in every fccne of life." 
God grant thai the amiable tem- 
per, and pious examples which this 
peribn has exhibited, may be imi- 
tated by all her lurviving friends 
and r.cquaintance, and by all into 
whole hands thcfc memoirs may 




AJm-iiiei" from tin Dretl>-B*J. 

rn«c. I 

(Cuniinucd froni p. 153-) 

hajMBER IV. 

N ag«l Ladyi who hid paf- 

__, fed her ninctkih year, ap- 

led in die moinins tu bo com- 

fcruble, except ihe common in. 

Ermiiici of R£c 1 nor wcte there 

Liy fymptOBH in her cafe, oiff^t- 

tiy AeAi\\. Silling at a window, 

Ihe obfcrTed her miniiler p^itGng ia 

Ihe (Irect aitd delired he might be 

ftalled in. On his catering, (he 

|oId him tliat for fereral weelu Ihc 

lid been nmch troubled with the 

lipprchenlioos ofdeatb, which mud 

I aear to a pcrfon of her age. — 

JSuppoiing (he had loH the cvldcn- 

Jccs of her Chridiaa (incerity and 

jBterefl in Chrift, he began 10 

Hbring Into Wcw fuch marks of trial 

I) would mofl fcnllbly cicitc tlic 

Jo nothing to dilhonor litinar|rvli- 
ipan. Her deiirc wm i wwltcj 
with, and ber itciucS ponKihHf 
urged at the tltronc of gncc In- 
mediately after this duty, he kA 
her Icaied in a chair, witboot mf , 
apftrthenlioai of hii owd> m ia 
her fiicods aiooDd her, iW At 
wai foon to die. 

Being a liitle wearied with lll« 
cocivcflliion, inmcdniely «t hi 
depamm, fhc rtttrcd ta ui irtjtm 
iag bed. Sbe «u no foencr faid 
on the bed, than (he enrdU 1 
feeling of Anmg pain m« ik 
crown of ber haul U tbe tUe-af 
her feet, and was 

The e i-cnt waa Gngal 
came facr anxiety on tin liit^ 
when there was no pankalar indi. 
cation of ainroacbing death, fronl 
the ftaiG of her hcatih \ Whcwe 
her concern to die -/.^ a GtrUbvi 
and her fjiiiit of pnyer for difiae 


Dangerous influence of tv'd examples. 


iee» karn to truft this natter in 
the hands of a wife and good Re- 
deemer. If they will make it their 
chief coDcem and daily prayer, 
that God may be glorified in their 
deaths he will be faithfnl to fee 
chat their prayer is gracioufly an- 


Tb^hts on the danger of being 
iu^mmental of hardening others 
mjbtf and of aiding ttem in the 
^mOion of their fouls. 

IN tracing the evil confequcnces 
of fiiii the unrighteous ought 
not to liop at the deftruAion of 
their own fouls ; for it is often the 
calci that they are inftrumcntal of 
brinnne ruin on many others, 
whole fouls are of as much worth 
as their own. Viewing their con- 
nexion and influence in fociety, 
the lofi of their own fouls may be 
bat a very fmall part of the cril 
refiilting from their ungodly lives. 
Tbe unfaithful minder, in confc- 
quence of his concealing the truth, 
and prophefying fmooth things to 
the people of his cliarge, may go 
to deftfuftion with the blood of 
hHodredi of fouls found in his- 
fluns. The wicked parent, in 
confeqaence of his irreligious life, 
nuy lie down in everlalHng for- ' 
fow, accompanied by his children, ! 
and his diildrcn's children. 

Though every finner will be 
taken away in his own iniquity, ; 
yet his ruin may be tiie natural j 
omit of the t-Kami^Ic or the inftruc- I 
UDos of (bmc other pcrfoc. Form- ; 
cdt as we are, for focicty, we nc- ! 
ccfianly have influence on each ; 
other. Wc are piactically invit- j 
iag each other to puiAic tb.c broad ! 
Way which Isadcth to dcftrn^ion, ' 
or to walk in the f^raight and nar- 
IBW way which Ic^deth to life cter- 
ftl. As far as our influence cx- 

Voi,. II No. 6. F 

tends in fociety, fo far we are lead- 
ing others to that which is good, 
or to that which is evil. We are 
undoubtedly inftrumental of form- 
ing each other's charadei s for eter^ 
nity. This is a mofl folemn 
thought ! Conlidering our rela- 
tion to our families — to our neigh-^ 
hours and to all our acquaintance, 
the lofs of our own. fouls may bq 
as nothing, compared with the evil 
which may come upon others, as 
a fruit or confcqucnce of our wick- 
ednefs ; and yet they be taken 
away in their own iniquity. 

Every perfon who indulges himfclf 
in thepradice of fm, whofc condudl 
evidences that he has no fear of 
God before his eyes, may be con- 
lidered as being infinitely mifchiev- 
ous to tlie fouls pf his acquaintance. 
It is true, God may intcrpofe, by 
his power, and pi event the mif^ 
chief. But what if he does ? — 
What if God by his almighty 
grace, prevent others from bcino 
ruined by his wicked exsiniple ? 
Surely no thanks will be due to 
this ungodly perfon, nor will his 
criminality be lefTened. We are to 
look upon that as being the natur- 
al tendency of (in, which would 
appear to be its tendency, if God 
did not interpofc and prevent its 
mifchief- Conllderi ng the corruot- 
nefs of the human heart, it is no 
lefs dangerous to fct bad exaii)))]:!; 
before our families, and b'-fore 
our neighbours, than it is tn drnj> 
fire where there U a quantity of 
combuftibles. In boiii cafes, evil 
will follow without fome fpecial 
intcrpofition. Depraved men ;ire 
*:vif::o do evil. Tiicy may cafily 
be influenced to forj^et God, to 
irampic upon Ciirilt, and to break 
his laws. All this is natural to 
thcin. Only le: divine rcilraints 
lie t«)ken ofi, und nothing will be 
too bad for ill cm to b^ vx^i^.v. 

R-'Himu Inlttti^mi 


if ilifrcrrfo Willi 
.ii|;l, bonis *nJ to 


lt hr I 

[ oihrr 

e without 
oj, He exh:biii evidence of 
It bcinj; ^rraid oi aiding hi) (»n\- 
lly md oihers in thedellruAion of 
ir foul?. — Tim pcrfon who 
,1c,1j (■i.blic worrtiip, and who 
_5 liide or Eo refpcil to God's 
loly f^bbath, rpfiidingit in cinnl 
* 1 ptriiirniing uaneccflnry 

. t«:'.. I 



then neighbours mty be fotrnd hi 
(heir fkiitJ. Continced that G<nI 
mokes ule of mrans wtarttem m, 
M well m 10 OT<rt^ and tfigjl— 
then, iliey koow Uut wbcMfls 
th<y yield to fifl. the^ cMMb* 
ntece and fuppon it in the tiewsf 
othct^, and if God do oot percntt 
this will certajnly be a mta* of 
harJining ihem. 

In the sppUcaiLon of a fjbfsft 
of this natuit, mcD cannot betoa 
cti-Llcal, bccaufe it concenu tbdr 
daily praflice, and in matiers todf 
in v/hidi their futuie peacs, An^ 
the future \rel!-b<ing,of Iht^c ivl)» 
capable of beici inflv^ccd Wj 

them, are deej-ly ii 



Religious Intelligencf. 


ReUgiout IhlilUgenee. 


Roisbzns'* letter was read, which 
brought to mind our worthy p.i(lor» 
and deeply affected the hearts of 
sdJff even thofe who wore (Irangers 
10 him ; fo that it was with diffi- 
culty the laA prayer was made. Wc 
have very good meetings. Tiierc 
are fever al people who aflifl in the 
fervice» who appear to have tlie 
gift as well as liie grace of prayer. 
At our meetings a fermon is read, 
and we have good fingiug. Our 
aflenibly is folenin ; Chi iff appears 
to meet with us, and we ainioft 
forget we are in the wiiderncfs. 
It is true we do not hear what 
God b do'iBg in other piaces as wc 
iifed to dft } yet we have \\\t con- 
Iblations of religion in relying on 
his wordy that he is carr)'ing on all 
his defjgQi. I wifh our friends 
wottld conunue to pray for us th:it 
ve may be prof])ered ; that wc 
may have pious inhabitants come 
iny and that God would plant a 
church here and water it with 
heavenly dew; — that orl Lrinch 
of Chriu's Churcli might urife here 
and fluACp and that tiie g:tU-s of 
hell may never prevail agriinll it. 

" The Rev. Mr. Bad-er, the 
MlEonar}', preached here Auguft 
^tht the firtl fermon that v/.is ever 
preached in this place. His text 
was Adls viii. 5 1 6, 8. He was 
Tcry much admired, and a])])ears 
deeply iniercfted for the welfare 
of the pcop]c in thcfe new f^tlc- 
Bents. On TuefJay he pleached 
ale^uie and cutcchized and in- 
ftmfted thr chiKlren. On Thurf- 
day he preached agiiin from Col- 
loiEaasii. 6, a fjrnion paiticularly 
adapted to thofe of his hearers who 
were Chiiilian profcHbrs. He re- 

* Many of the Tctf kn of Auflinburg 
vcmoved from NorfoUc, in this fiutc. 
Mr. Robbing, paftor of the church in 
KorioOc, bil fummcr addrcfTcd a p.ifto- 
vmi letter to ihcm, which ii the unc al- 
to ahovc. 

minded them of the ptivilvigcs they 
had enjoyed before their removal 
into the wildeinefs ; ]:ointed out 
to them the danger of their prclent 
fituation, and exhorted them to 
fpeak often one to another. After 
meeting he converfed with our 
leading men rcfpeding eftabliiking 
a church, and drew up the form of 
a coveaant for the purpofe. Since 
then the people have had fcveiaL 
conferences on the (ubjed, and 
have agreed tu have a church eftab- 
li(hed on Mr. Badjier's return from 
the lodums. I muH elofe my let- 
ter uilh afifing the prayers of our 
Chriftian friends, for we arc in- 
deed a little feeble band." 

Extras of a letter from one of the 
Ccnn:Sicut Mtffionariej in Vrr- 
htosr^ dated IVjitsfisid, Offo 
her 6, iSox. 

" The open door for Miflionary 
labors in this ilatc far exceeds my 
expefbitions. The country is la: go 
and rapidly fjttling. Tliere are 
fome eminent Chriilians in every 
place, and in many to\^'ns there 
are awakenings. At K/Tex, Weft- 
ford and S wanton, tlie a^ipearancc 
is like many towns in Connecti- 
cut, the beginning of the year 
1 799 ; and the work is |>'.Tte.5lly 
the fame. God has greatly fmiled 
en the labors of MilFionarics, in 
ihefe parts, and I truft that neither 
the Miffionvy Society, nor tlie 
good people who contribute r.nd 
pray, labor in vain. Tliitic is more 
biifmefs than ten MilTionaric:; can 
do on thift fide the mountain, north 
of Hcw-Haven. " And the found 
of agoing is heard in the top of 
the mulberry trees.** 

Nov. 5. The Rev. Ezelu! J. 
Clijfmun, entered on a milT:on tc 

X(/ip9iu IntrH^nia. 


|Oi JiDiuon of the Rev. Eiefciel J. 

.■f/ a Mtriias oj tht /IJae'ialion of 
'TolUnd Counlytcenvrarrl, hj ad- 
journmrtil, >« tix firfi SKtaj e/ 
ndmn. Oa«b^r^^l^>, 1801 — 
Pr./'ntr—RrB. AUfi'n Joho 
Willord. Amoi l^iilUiu Koyal 
Tykr, NiUia:. Oillcl, Dloiltc 
Brock way .;!»/ iLjiliraioi T. 

'n>c KoT. A'.(f/-J<i Wiilmmt, 
|D- D. Mod^r^tor of the Aflud- 
icibfing »bfeot, the Rev. yoAn 
|/«//jr,V wsi chofcn Modcnior. 

A Letter from the Commitiee 
lof MitGonSi appnintcJ by the Tnif- 
■kc-. oi Uic Miffionirv Society of 
|Conn-fliJUi,*Jdt((rcdtatKe Affo- 
.ipi W.13 tc*i, in iht words /ol- 

didite for tltc Mioiltry, ^^Gt 
** tioniryto New-ConacAicat, dife 
" fiid Conunittee re^ueft thcAf' 
" fociaiioD where fiud Candiths 
" wu licenfed. to oiduu him u 
" the work of the golpcl Miiuftn, 
'* particularly ai an EvangeSJ^ 
*' jitrviou* to hts cntcrio£ on im 
" mifTton ', and that the Rer> 
" Mefj'r*. Lew Han, D. D. nd 
" Cyfrian Strong be recjucRcd n 
" attend, as adclegation froni tioi 
*• boaid, aid afSd in the ordim- 
"(ion of Ikiii Candidate, if upoa 
" exaniinatioii be ihould be Judged 
*' qnali&ed for the woriu** 

Aod whereu ihc CvMEJMeet^ 
MiiSonshave appointed 4Jr. /Tw 
iirl J. Chapman, a Cindidatc lot 
the Minidry, licenfcd tnr youi lO 
go on a million to New-CoDsefit- 
cut, die faid Camniiitctr, in puifii- 
ance of ihc above vol* of the Tnif- 
\ you to ordaia 


Rt'lijious IntelFigenTe. 


D. D* and Cyprian Strong, ^vho 
are prefent* be invited to f:t in 
council with the Aflbciation, pur- 
fuant to the requcd of the Com- 
mittee of MiiGoiis. 

The Rev. Mcfi'rs Mel Flint 


and AmciJu Porter^ bein" preftnt, 
were alfo invited tu join the AiFu- 
ciation as an ordaining Council. 

The Rlv. Amtii Bajfttt^ Scribe 
of :hc A/Tociation, requeuing to 
be excufcd i'rom orHciating as 
Scribe on the prcfcnt occafxon, the 
Rev. Ahil Flint was appointed 
Scribe of the Council. 

The Council was then opened 
with my er by tlie Moderator. — 
The ConcS proceeded to examine 
Mr. Ct^fmaif refpc cling his know- 
ledge or the dodrincs of Chrilli- 
anityi— -his belief in thofe doc- 
trines, — his ability to teach them 
CO otherSf — his experimental ac- 
quaintance with the truth, — his 
views in entering on the work of 
the miDiftry,^his qualiHcations for 
a miffionary, and his motives for 
entering into th;it fervicc, and gain- 
ing full fitisfatfliun on thtfc points, 
-'-Voted unanimdufly to confc- 
crate him to the work of the min- 
illry« wiiii peculiar referercc to his 
laboring us n Miilionary in rhe new 
Settlement:} in the I United States 
of America ; and that the foleni- 
nity of his ordi.i.iiion be attended 
attht: Mc;:tjn^i, houfc in tliis place 
to-morrow ac h.i!i prdl tcnoVLck, 
A. M. 

VoteJf that the fcvcral p:ms of 
theordin^.iion feivice be perform- 
ed by the following pcrfons, — the 
Rc7. Rsyjl "Tyler to nuke the in- 
trod cilery player ; the Rev. /^ci*/ 
hari, D. D. to ]:rc.'.cii the Scr- 
Don ; thi' Rev. Cyf^rinn Strong to 
iRiikc tiiC: confn:rjtin^ |.r.Lyor ; du- 
ring wliichtho Rev. Mwfi'rs Juhn 
lITiUurJ, Livi J/j/fy Cypr'uin 
Strong and Anivj Dj/pu to liiy on 
luuids: — th*? Rev. /i*'!-; U'lUjrd 

to give the Charge ; the Rcr. 
Amoj B*iff[t* to give the Right 
Hand ct l*'-llowlhip ; and the 
Rev. Awafa Porter^ to make the 
concluding prayer. 

Ptiffed in Council, 
Aejl Y1.IMT, Scribe. 

On Wedncfday OAober 28:h, 
1801, The Rev. Ezetiel J. Chap^ 
man, in purfuance of the above 
vote, was folcmnlv confecrated to 


the work of tiic miniAry. 

After the minutes of the Coun- 
cil were read, the following qucf- 
tions were pur : 

^ejlinn i. To the Rev. Cyprian 
Strong. Mr. Stiong, do you, Sir, 
in the name of the Committee of 
Miflions, now publicly renew their 
appointment of Mr. EzeFul J. 
Chapman, as a MilEonary to the 
new fettlcments, and their requcft 
that he be confccratcd to tlie v, jrk 
of the gofpcl minifiry as an Kv.m- 
gelifl ? 

Anfiver, I do. 

^ 2. 'Vo Mr. Chtipni.m. Mr. 
Cliajmiiin, do you nf^v/ j"il»liciy 
acct:[»t of yuur ai i-oirjrL.^r.L as a 
Mlllior.arv to the new leiiiemcnis, 
and dij you confcnt to rccjive ordi- 
nation with that view ? 

A, I do. 

ij; 3' To tl.'.' Moderator. Mr. 
Moderatcr, do you, Sir, in the 
name of this Cmincil, approve of 
Mr. Fztiu! */. Chaptr.nn, ai quali- 
fied for the work of iIj-j j^olpel min- 
irtry, and for the MiiTionary fcr- 
vice ? 

A. I do. 

i:\ 4. To the Modcrnor. ShjJi 
the ordination folcmiiiiy now pro- 
ceed ? 

A ItfTiall. 

Thj cuftomarv rtlli-iousftrvicis 
were then pLif-.nijd. Doctor 
Hart prc^ijir.J fr^r.i Acts xkvv. 
16 — l^. 

RtSjUvi InteStttnet. 


Oijinuion of ilie Rev. StinucI 

ON WcdncfJiy the 2 ifl of Oc- 
tober, the Rev. Samuel Leonard, 
orjaincii CO the work of an 
Evsng'^lilt, at Richmond. Ma2a- 
.huiettii with a new to MilSoai' 
rv Lbor«. TTieRn-. 7^4-t Merfe, 
,i Green-river ( N. Y.) auii! the 
.otrodu;lorypr»)-er ; the Re?. ^7- 
■■an Hyde of L«, prc*i;hcd the 
limoa. from 1 Tim. iv. 16 ; the 
K.CV. Thorns AU.» of Pilufidd, 
ludc [he confecriting piayet ! lit 
llev. Dr. Wtfi of Stockb.idge 
'i*c the charge ; the Rr?. Dwid 
Porur of Speo«nov,n (N. Y.) 
■lie the right hjud uf lellowfliip i 
ind the RcT. DmU Fitj of 
fliiliinoiid, made the conciuiiiog 
ir.iyir. Mr. I„fanarit is appoint- 
■il by the Miffionsry Sot Itiy io ibc 
of Berklhire 

of WoodftockgaTC the right ha«! 
of fellowlhip ; aiidthe Kt^.jlhUl 
IVilliuaii, of Dudley, nudc ih* 
concluding pnfci. 

SnlrmmJfren afisrftmJvAa- 
Hi fniiitmliem, 

THERE wa anIufianBik 
opwha had Ihuglcd Uinni|li 
great dil^cuclici without TepiniD|, 
ud who met with much oppotifiao 
in the difchirge of his Epilo)|ui 
fuDftioQi without betraying thelofl 
impatience. An intimatefnendof 
hi), who highly admiiedAlA Til-, i 
tues which be thought i( i^oSHt 
to imitate, one day »flted the 
prchie if he could commaoicitc 
ihc fecret of beipg alway* t»fy ? 
' Yei,' replied the old man, ' I caa 
loch you my fccict, and with gral 

l8oiO Poetry. 




Me£i*n. Editors, 

IF 70a tkink the following little 
pieces, or anj of them, dcftrving of a 
pjice in your Tcry valuable publication, 
ibcy tft at your ftnricc. 

Lynch, (Virginia) Od. 30, i8ox. 


Z. T ONO In the paths of fin I trode, 
JLi And ivanderM far away from 
^ mercict and by threats unmovM, 
Too' fon ft irnf e eft my deeds reprov'd. 

iS. CSIllMhwntoearth.a willing flave, 
To her frin toyt my heart I gave ; 
A chonftDd difappointments found. 
Yet ftill purfu'd the weary round. 

1. The goTpel oft I heard proclaim'd. 
And ChriA a precious Saviour nam'd ; 
Ku glory was concmrd from me, 
Becmfc my need I did not fee. 

4. 1 heard of God's moil righteous law, 
But nothing of its beauty faw : 

Its cnrfe alaJin*d my foal in vain ; 
1 fbon retvm'd to fin again. 

5. To think of death I could not btar, 
Becaofe it fill'd my foul with fear : 
ImnunM ia fchemes of earthly blifs, 
*Goifift heiv'n itfelf I clos'd my eyes. 

6. Thus finking faft to endlcfs woe. 
My daagVous ftate I did not know ; 
Dneiming that all would yet be well, 
I Ifannber'd on the brink of hclL 

7. How great the powV, how rich the 

Which fiiatcU'd mc from that dreadful 

place ! 
Ko lefs than grace nnd pow'r divine 
Conld break the death-like flccp of fin. 

8. Thy hand,t) Co J, which fornrU the 

And pour'd it forth thro' an.'icnt night, 
I'hy hand alone cou!^! nuke mc fee 
Aiulkiiow arigh: m'/fcll and Thcok 


I. T ORl>, to rhy hci»ic I row rep-ir, 
JLi ri.;: hc'.lc wf ]ub!icpraife and 

Let this vain world be left behind, 
Nor trifling cares diilradl my mind. 

1. O meet me in thy courts to day. 
Teach me acceptably to pray ; 
And when I join the facred fong. 
Let pure devotion move my tongua^ 

3- Th* attentive ear to mc impart, 
The humble, underfianding heart ; 
Thy heav*nly counfels make me know. 
And teach my foul to prize chem too. 

4. Strengthen my trembling faith, O 

Shine by thy Spirit on thy word ; 
Its facred influence make me feel. 
And all my unbelief difpeL 

5. This dalnefs from my heart remove. 
Reanimate my drooping love ; 

Let my beft trcalure be on high, 
And ev*ry finful puflion die. 

6. Then in the midft of deep difiref"^ 
When pain and forrow me opprti», 
ril call thy promifes to mind. 

And there fwcet confolatioc fluu. 


the cfi^t ofClr'iJi. 

I. "DLEST Jcfus ! when thy crof. \ 
jD view, 

Thatmyft'ry to the hcav'nly hr .1, 
I gaze with gritf and rapturi :r.o, 
And all my four^ i:: wonder ivii. 

s. What ilr«iRgc ccn'-paiTio.". fiii'd thy 

That brDuoht thee I'rcm thy throne on 

To woes that carxot be cxprcf}. 
To be dcfpi»*d, to grorm, ulJ d... l 

.3. Was it for man, rcbellioi:« m-n. 
Sunk by his crimes bclov/ the grav.-* 
Who, juilly doomed to endlcfs pair... 
Found none to pify or to fuvc ; 

4. For man didfi thou forfakc the iky. 
To bleed upon th* accurfed tree : 
And didil tliou t^Ac of dcaih to h\y 
liumorul life and blifs for mc ! 

5. Had I a voice to praifc thy nanr.i* 
Loud as thctrun^p thit wskc^ the dsr.:; 
Had ! the rr.piur'd Teraph'* flsmc. 
My debt of love could ne'er Le pkid. 

(i Yet, Lord, a fmncrN heart ri-c? ive, 
This hurd-rn'd, c:nt:itc licart cf n:ire, 
(Tliou kr.uv.'ll ;*vj nought UCdc ts 

And let It V ^--.cNtr \;i;'\*. 


TI* ^«x Clrifiu. 

1. npHO- on ibe bed of drtiS I 1m 

X Op^ireft oilhpUD (DdciK, 

Ya ro ifa< Lord I pui my tiufl, 

Aed End fnec: comfcK ihcre. 

3. What iho* I fink in Tanow low, 

Mf Urn] will nil'c Rir Iptrit o|>. 

Nor lit my hope hi viin. 

). Sore iiisli now tay JahttUtu^ 

To pro« toy fiitb and love; 
His gracf fuppottiand fiti royClul 

4. Tlitrc kiaeloriDuiWMldMcOine, 

1 vinr ii ftnm >fu, 
Wherf On ind forrow i« no dmr, 
Nor peace it roin with lew. 

5- The graic Iball not cunfiacnK long' 
Thii Treble atfti flli>n ri(c ; 
ITien ftiU Ifly wilhrapiuttintw 
'I'o dwell wfacre Jrfoi ii. 
t. Thetf free fnm iiilcrpelioj; doud» 
Sh.A 1 behold M> f<c^; 
And trdlcfi agei be loo fton 
To ling redeeming gtiee. 

To wifJam'i voiee iadioc ; 
- VU well du* hasT 
Wfaikiotby iMwV, 

Th: neit nay «K be ihi^" 


UW dreadful wa* ow««( 

Ere Jefiudid ippcw F 
Heedleft of our impendiif fete, 

Wc tbouslu no ilaug/a acar. 
1. We tod ibe road of Gn ud dn 

Dtfpii'd a Saviour'i loTC, 
Kor fear nor hope, nor grace. 

Our hardeo'd trarts eoold mo 

j. Th} people, Lord, did o^ wre 

Sorrow had dmeh'd tUkjan 

Had bid iheir fiti}i andhJiK 

Their dayi were ^mt^fifh 

4. ButGodinnieriThewdikirgr*. 

How gratiom ire hn wijt \ 

Rcbuk'd thefe ultbclteTOf monii 

And lum'd their fight to pnih 

J. See fovercijo merty wain the de 

And croudt of Enner* rit ' 

The Holy Spirit on ihem jhtd. 





Connedicut £vangelical Magazine^ 


Vol. IL] 

JANUARY, 1802. 

[No. 7, 

72f REVIEW of times paj, and 
iomim^laiimu on future prof 
feStt bmmUy aitempied for gen' 
trJ im/brMomt and to excite pi- 
ciu aid nfeful mediiationif ^c. : 
Or, ibe £(Biors* New-Tear't 
Gifit io their generous readers. 

[CoBtaiu firom Vol. I. p. 250] 

REASON was given to maa 
that he might contemphite ; 
aad thtt by contemplation, he might 
tcwe vile, ufeful and happy. 
TIm lUjeAs of contemplation, 
yhoA iimte his conGderation are 
entertaining and impor- 
He may, with great ad?an- 
tlp» contemplate himfeif, his 
Cmtory fats word and wondrous 
^■ritt. He may fo confider his 
•m ways as to make hafte and de- 
Iv BOtto keep the commandments 
« ha Ged. The end of days 
tM yean are proper fcafons for 
vciiew and fenous conGderation. 
Ik events of years, profpeds for 
tea to come, our own particular 
jble^ our progrefs in knowledge, 
Hvirciie or vice, uur preparation 
br the end of time and the com- 
Ofeemeot of an eternal ftate, are 
Ifiljete of fpec^ cootempla- 
li vpoD a Ne w- Year'is day. We 
Vou IL No. 7. G 

will therefoie upoo thisi as a con- 
tinuation of the Review which we 
prefented to our readers the laft 
rfew-Year, invite them to a con- 
templation of thefe very iotereft- 
ing fubie^ We (hall begin with 
fome of the events of the laft year, 
io Europe, and with moral ob&r- 
vations which they will fuggeft. 
We will then contemplate fnch as 
refped America, and ourfelves 
more immediately. 

At the clofc of the laA year, 
the pacification of Luncville had 
left France, Spain and the Bata- 
vian republic at full liberty to em- 
ploy their whole ftrength in fup- 
port of the French con^uefts in 
Egypt, and againft Great-Britain. 
At the fame time the northern co- 
alition was completely formed, and 
the feveral princes which had com- 
bined were ftrongly engaged to car- 
ry its defigns into execution. Brit- 
ain, therefore, faw all the great 
powers, and almoft the whole mar- 
itime force of Europe combined 
againft her. The afpeds of prov- 
idence with refped to her were in- 
deed gloomy and alarming. She ^ 
was under the neccffity oC ^ubcroXr 
ting either to (ucV\ \tnn& o^ yrne^^ 
as her haughty tottnY ttvovA^v^^Sc 


On Iht o. 

nti- tli- 

to difl»w, or to 
until his difpofition (hnulil be 
amicjble and concilis-.ory. She 
magna itmoufly Jctcrmincd on the 
litter. The annic! of France 
w-re numerous and powerful. 
They were ftimullted to i.aion 1^ 
the third of glory and ^i im;>UcB- 
tJe Tpirit of rerengt The greaieil 
exertions were nude to reinforce 
ker irmies in Egypt, and to be pre- 
pared for adefcentoa Great- Brit- 
ain. At the fiim: time, the oorth- 
em p^wen were with eKpedition, 
jirmners aid unanirai'.y, preparing 
for ch;ir own defence anrf to carry 
into immediuc eScA the di;:(lgDi 
of the coaliiioa. Iirit.iin, with a 
rigor ind difpaich which fach a 
CTilii demanded, prepared to de- 
fend heitrlf at hjtne, and to annoy 
the cncTTiy abroad. Early in the 
fj-ring \ 

Nearly at the fime tine, whet* 
ihefcerenu took place in E»tope^ 
Lord Keith, wiiJi i powofidi^Kt 
and a large body of uaafi, appear- 
ed near Alexandria in Egypt 
Eirly m the month of Mircfa, ge«- 
cral Abercrombic boded the trmj 
tinderhiscomnund in Egypt. The 
French, hiring coUcfied then 
ttoopi from Cairo and other pans 
of the country, oa ihc ii/l of 
March, mide a well-dtrecled, fn- 
rious and perfercring atiaii upoD 
the firitifh army. AAcr i lOBj 
and hard t'oupht battle, in whtcli 
great gcnenifiiip, e«ertian and 
hcroifm had been difpUycd by the 
rcfpcftiw aimie;, and grew loffe* 
in Gificere and men had l)fiu fuT- 
tained by both, victory declared ta 
favor of the Enjih/h. The con- 
fcr|ueneeE were fitil to Ac intcrefb 
of France in Enypt. GreKOm- 
lion! were made by the Fmdi 


Oh the ewmeiuement of a New-Tear. 


wsy for a general pacification, con- 
(iderable progrefs has been made 
in carrying into execution the ar- 
ticles of U)c treaty of Luneville 
and France, Germany and Italy 
appear to haT? been progre/fing to- 
ward a (late of red. 

Another event which claims 
(pecial notice, and was probably 
as article of that treaty, is the re- 
e(labli(hment of Popery in France, 
Italy, and fome other parts, eren 
with a numerous. train of Jefuits, 
an order fo mifchicToas, fo repug- 
nant to the liberty and happineis of 
mankind^ as, many years (ince, to 
have beenfuppreffed in ail the Ro- 
man Cadiolic countries. As the 
pope nerenhelefs is divefted of 
temporal dominion, and his reve- 
nues in a manner annihilated, he 
mnft be confidercd as in a manner 
fidlen. His power is circumfcri- 
bed, his influence is exceedingly 
diminiAked, and his very exiftence 
ii dependent on the precarious will 
lad convenience of tlie firft conful 
of France, or of other dcfpots, 
who may fucceed him, in the gov- 
eminent of France and Italy. 

While popery is fo weakened 
and fallen, the Turkifh empire 
feemt to be exceedingly rent and 
koken, by numerous internal fac- 
tiont and rebellions, and rapidly 
haftening to a total diifolution. 
Thefe arc fomc of the principal 
events of the laft year, which mer- 
it oor notice, in Euro|)e and other 
foreign parts. 

• Thefe events, viewed in their 
connexion with the extenfive and 
bloody war which they have termi- 
nated, with the views with which 
it was undertaken and the manner 
in which it has ended, will afford 
many interefliog obfervations. 
Tkey afibrd the moft demonQrative 
evidence, Tbmi the Mofi High ru- 
bth fji tie kingdoms of men, and 
pveA tiemtp wbmfotvir h mil : ^ 

That in the courfc of his provi- 
dence, for their corrcAion, and 
the accomplifliment of his own 
wife and holy purpofes, he often 
fettetb up over them the hafeji of 
men: That, tea mofl wonderful 
manner, he dtfappoinUth the devU 
ces of the crafty and carrieth the 
counfel of the Jronvard headlong^*. 
Never, perhaps, was this in any 
in fiance more flrikingly exenS 
plificd than in the progrefs and ter- 
mination of the late European war. 
Not a iiogle defign has been an- 
fwrred, for which any of the bel< 
ligcrent powers profeffedly began 
it. The emperor of Germany 
and the king of PrulEa embarked 
in it to ai£fl and fave the king of 
France, and to humble his rebel- 
lious fubjc^s. From the high 
tone with which the duke of Bruu- 
wick began his operations, it ap- 
peared that he expeAed foon to be 
at Paris, and fet the kin ^ and roy- 
al family at liberty ; and that if 
any oppofition fhould be made, he 
fliould triumphandy mark his route 
with blood and carnage. But in- 
itead of thb expedted triumph, 
the combined armies were obliged 
to retire with great lofs and fhame. 
The king of PrufEa, to fave him- 
felf, foon withdrew firom the war. 
The oppofition which had been 
made, inflamed the French people, 
and in Head of giving any relief to 
the king and royal family, precipi- 
tated their deilruflion. The em- 
peror of Germany, with all the 
afHflancc of his allies, has been un- 
able to defend himfelf, and has 
been obliged to fubmit to the hu- 
miliating terms of a great din^inu- 
tioa of his empire. England and 
Spain embarked in the war to flip- 
port monarchy in France, and to 
preferve the balance of Europe ; 
but they effetSlcd neither. Spaiii 

Job ^. 1%, IV 

44 0»titti 

1 obligul 10 ta»kz peicc wiiii 
J Franc I and cren to unite with her 
n ihe waf) igunA other nuioDit 
o piercnt het own ruin, by ihe 
Ipower ind intrigue of the rrench 
topic . Great-Britiio, Uiougb 
: hith fxhibiied greit prowcTi 
eiformed wonders on the feat, 
^ath giintd nothing lufBcicnt to io- 
inify h«r for tl]? war. She hal 
|had hard labor and been put to an 
;iirc cxpenfe lo defend her do- 
France eommen- 
J for th« deHrufliot^Df 
Ikinp and defpotifni, and to re- 
I the French people the 
Irigbts of men, and equal liberty 
IBuI after all her brilliant viaoriet 
land fuccds upon ihe land, the war 
Ihai teiminated in an ufurper and 
Idefpot ; uho hai the lives, pi«p- 
tnd liberties of the nation 
Imcre ebiirrly at his difpoGil, than 
' , who hai ever fat up- 
; ihrooe of France. Tho' 

the litO icvoltiiioaifts to abolifli the ' 
fabbath, all public worllupt tat 
the ChhAian religioB, n ifas 
French naiion. But even io tUi 
their deligiu have been e^osHy fnt 
tiaicd. It ii now found oecdbr^ 
after the boallcd age of reaXon,^ 
tci all the light of pliilofefdtifit 
and illunuDatifro, that Franca 
Ihould have a religioo. Its te^ 
laUilhmcnt, by the firft coofnl, n 
indeed rcmarluble ; aod that ht 
IhouTd hold the right of the fenacr 
naoaarchi of France, ol prdcnh 
ing peifont to all ccdeGaftKaJ 1» 
ings ) and that ibe pope m t« d» 
his pleafure in l^>pIo«tIlg and CM- 
fecraiing them to olEcc Tbc ul 
of reUgion is neceAvj' for tfac or- 
der and bappinds ofi f^ofh, even 
under a defpotic g»rtnmi»t. 
Much leU can any p^plfi b« fro^ 
and haj^y under milder fiofsu at 
government, without CttriAiH 
morali. Furtbcti a rcviewof tlM 
oaturally leads ut I 


WiflM iWlhiHtHCitlMt tw M rftW^igaTm 


;e ■ffoponkm of the earth hath 
Q felled with blood and carnage, 
fftis and mourning ? Hath not 
d made hia^irrocif/ dnuJt mnib 
fjp audtatb mot hh fiuwd JSv 
wiiJUIb f Has not this been a 
iteoos retaliation of the wick- 
eft of the kings, courts, and 
pie of Europe I Of the Ro- 
1 Cuholics and Turks I Has it 

been a faithful accompli/hment 
Khe divine threatenings ? They 
c wiohderfully apoftatized from 
df been leaders in iniidelity 
I debauchery, countenanced 
loibphifiB» deceit and corrup- 
I ; aikd exalted themfeives above 
id. How righteous has he 
Tefiwe been in cauGng their 
dEcdocfilo fliake their thrones, 
Mpalate and impoverifh their 
gdomsf and to make their fub- 
to wfcrable ? How righteous 
I how eonfermable to the threat- 
ogsof his word, that he (hould 
c to the Roman Catholics and 
I TurKiy thofe implacable ene- 
eai blood to drink? God hath 
l«dy Ibown his great power, 
lice, and hatred of fin, but his 
.th and veracity, and the uni- 
maj€£ his providence in pun- 
Bg the great apoftacies of man- 
id. He punifhed the wicked- 
fa «f the md world with an uni- 
<fid deluge: Of Sodom and Go- 
vnh with a total overthrow, by 
bnn of fire and brimftone firom 
wen : Of the Canaanites by a 
Mr«l extirpation : Of his own 
tenant people by the Babyloni- 
aad Roman captivities and dif- 
rfioM : Of the ChrifHan thurch 

tke Turks, Goths, Vandals 
i- other babarous nations. The 
at q>oflacy of Europe he hath 
■ifted with the late horrible war. 
101 he fills the earth with hisglo- 
I asd caufes the wrath of man 
praife him. Thus he warns all 
; Wtiooa of mankind that if they 

will do the works of apoflates» 
they fhall alfi> be partakers (^ their 
plagues. He teacheth by his prov- 
idence as well as word that cmedi- 
ence is the only way of (afety, and 
that righteoufnefs exalteth a na^ 

But how fhould we rejoice, that 
God for a moment is (idpending 
his awful chafbfements ? That this 
dreadful war is terminated ? That 
peace, with her olive branch, once 
more gives refl to Europe i O how 
do we rejoice for the lake of hu- 
man nature, that the flow of hu» 
man blood is flopped ? That the 
doors of doleful prifons are opened 
to the captives, and that the diffaref^ 
fes of millions are relieved f That 
thoufands are returning from cap- 
tivity and the horrors of war, to 
the bofoms of their relpedivc coun* 
tries, and to the embraces of par- 
ents and friends ? What matter of 
joy, that millions to whom there 
was no fafety when they went out 
or when they came in, when they 
lay down or when they rofe up, 
may now repofe themfeives in peace? 
But how (hould we rejoice more ef. 
pccially for the fake of our fellow- 
chriflians, our brethren in Chrift 
Jefus, that their difhcfTes are re- 
lieved and their condition meliora- 
ted ? That they may enjoy fabbaths 
and ordinances in peace, and ferve 
the Lord without tear and diftract 
tion ? Tliat the means of commu- 
nication with each other, for the 
purpofes of information, mutual 
quickening and joy, and for con* 
certing the great intercds of thei^ 
common Saviour will be more fa- 
cile, fafe and expeditious ? That 
this will afford happy advantages 
for the fpread of the gofpcl, for ex** 
tending the knowledge, kingdom 
and glory of the Redeemer to tho 
moft diflant parts of the earth ? In 
thefe we will rejoice. O fwect be- 
nign peace, gtcai ntxct^^ ol ^wtk^x.^ 


Oa t/u timmtiutpunt-^ m Nrv-T'eSf. 


commerce, ivcaJih, rdiflioti and 
puUic bjppinefs, with what joy do 
we hail thee to our tumultuous 
world ? To Europe, and efpecial- 
ly to the land of our forefather'* 
fepiUthres ? With what cordiality 
du we congratul.ite the millionj of 
Europe, and efpecially our breth- 
ren iaChrift J=fus,onth;5aufplcioui 
event ? How does it ealiven the 
joys of ihis New-Year ! Oiir ani- 
mated thankfgivings (hall afcend 
with theirs to his throne, who ma- 
k«h war» to ceafe unto the end of 
the earth, and malLeth peace in liis 
kigh places. From paft experience 
may they Icirn the madoefs of war, 
cultivate the arts of peace, ohedi- 
ently and thankfully improve its in- 
e dim able blefficgs. 

From a contemplation of foreign 
events let us return home, and re- 
view thoie of our own country. 
The events of the year in America 
have been peculiarly exprelTive d£ 

the word and ordinaaeu have betm 
attended with unufual fucccTi, an 
further nanifiinationi of the dirint . 
heoelicence. The 6ourilbing flalc | 
of OUT fchools, and efpeciallf Of ' 
the college in this State, the apBli> 
cation and good order of the Kfr 
dents and the incrcafe of llieir noq* 
■rs are worthy of notice'. How 
numerous, great and extenCn 
have been the public blelEngs flf 
the paft year ? With what propo- 
ety may America adopt the Ii% ' 
guage of the pDdmifl ? Prai/t dit 

God Zien, For be halbfiragtU 
enrd ihi ban of thj gula t He And 
bl^edlhy thildrtf, loilhin liet. Hi 
makelh peace in thy bardtri and f^ 
Ulh ihtetoilb ihijinejloftbe -a/htal.^ 
But to make the/e contempI> 
tions ftiil more interefting lei evo* 
one review the paft year with ret 

Et& to himfelf. I, let each ana 
ly, have lived another yeari crow< 


Om At 

pud nnto^ Lord my tows i 
What hare I done more than oth- 
ers ? Have I grown in grace and in 
knowkdgC) in faiths in patience, 
in conteotment hope and joy ? 
Have I vifited the fatherlefs and 
the widows, in their ufRiAion, and 
kept myfelf unfpotted from the 
world ? Have I wrouglit rightcouf- 
■eft, diQ^erfed abroad and given to 
the poor ? Have I Jored the churdi 
of God, and exerted myfelf for 
the furtherance of the gofpel ? 
Have I made ibme advancement 
indeed, in the habits of piety and 
righteoufnefs ? And are my defires 
and refoluuons to be the Lord's 
more ardent, conftant and fixed ? 
Can I review the year with a hum- 
ble hope, and the pleafing fatisfac* 
tbn that thefe have been the happy 
labors and fruits of it ? Or am I, 

unhappy fbu], Hke the profeiTors 
of Sardis dead whiJe I have a 
name to live ? Am I not among 
the fiM>lini virgins who, when they 
that are readv (hall enter in, and 
the door (half be (hut, (hall (land 
VRthont and find no admittance to 
the wedding ? 

Let the impenitent (inner fay I 
have (pent another year in (In. 
Mjr long fuflering Creator has kept 
meanother year from the darLgrave 
and the quenchlefs flame, while 
many other wicked perfons are 
gone into them. He hath loaded 
me with his benefits, but I have 
abided all his goodncfs, and have 
vfpznntly been living to fill up the 
meafure of my fin. The fcore of 
my gnilt is far greater than whea I 
b^an the la(l year ; my wicked 
habits are more (Irong and fixed, I 
am more like the Ethiopian who 
cannot change his Hda, and like 
the leopard whcfe fpots can never 
be wa(hcd nway, than I ever was 
at any period of my life before. 

1 never before appeared fo like a 
veffcl fitted ic clcfln:**licn. This 

year it may be faid to me* thouJInJi 
die. And art not thou alarmed^ 
O my foul ! Shall I continue in fia 
until I lie down in forrow ? O let 
me efcape for my life ! Let me fly, 
without a moment's delay, as the 
man-flayer to the city of hisrefuge^ 
and as the dove to hcr.^vindows, to 
lay hold on the hope fet before me ! 

But what are the profpeAs be- 
fore us ? Look forward and you 
will fee, in the prefent year, many 
barren trees cut down, the hopes of 
many hypocrites perifliing, and like 
the giving up of the ghod. Maiiy 
who ^re mmptuouny every day 
will die, be buried, and lift up 
their eyes in torments. Many of 
God's chofen ones will red from 
their labors and be carried, like 
the pious beggar into Abraham's 
bofom. Yes, among one or other 
of thefe numbers, may« probably, 
be feen fome of the Editors, and 
many of their readers. Shall we 
then be idle ? Docs it not behove 
us to work while the day laflctli ? 

So far as we can under (land the 
figns of the times, the days which 
are to come will be days of trouble. 
Iniquity remarkably abounds, and 
the love &f many waxeth cold. 
New, flrangc ;ind licentious doc- 
trines almoit every where are 
broached ; and God will viilt for 
thefe things. The man of fin» 
though fupportcd by confuls and 
kings, mu(t touUy fall ; the Turk- 
i(h empire mufl be broken, and 
the long arreais of blood mufl be 
paid. Though there may be a 
(hort calm, the (lorm will be gath- 
ering, and the earth will yet be 
more terribly (hakcn. While 
therefore wc behold the tumult of 
the people, the violence and chan* 
ges which are in the earth, and the 
mutability of all human things, let 
us the more rejoice that there is a 
throne and kingdom which cannot 
be (U*Vcn \ 4 ?:\v^ v.V.v:v::« ^viO^- 


Ntiv-Yeari' R'jttffioni. 


!«h righteoufiicfs. With what To- 
licitudeandperfeveTinccIhould we 
fcek an inheritance and fettlemcnt 
m that Uefled couotry, tliai in our 
sppointed time we majr fly away 
ind enjoy cverlifting reft ! 

Repaltni of ihi Edii'>'s on ihi 
cemmt«ctiaeni df a Nitu-Tiar ; 
aad « ferioui tuJJreft la lieir 

HOWmomenuryare die days 
of man ? Are they not (wtf- 
Ut than 3 poll ? Rapid as the ea- 
glc'9 fli|ht when lT)e haAeth to the 
prey ? How (boo has ever-fleetlDg 
time terintnatcd anoihcr important 
portion of our lives, and borne os 
oo to the eommendement of a New- 
Year ? Yea, fDiemn momenioui 
thought ! Wc arc advanced one 
year further towards that awftil pe- 
riod when wc (hall write and fpeak 

m fhall be do more * How great 

and momentous are the events ofi 
fingle ycat ? What changes are 
made in individuals, in fAcnilie;, in 
our churches, a^d congregations I 
How many countenances kath God 
changed and how many people of 
evtry fex add a« hath be feol a- 
way, in the couile of the lafl year ! 
How have we followed the young, 
the gay, and the ihoughtlcfs, the 
man of mature a£e, the grey head- 
ed and the babe to the grave ? Nay, 
how many pious brethren wiib 
whom we went to the houfe of 
God in company, met at the table 
of our coranioa Lord, and with 
whom we took fweet coanlet to- 
gether, ha?e exchanged vrorldii 
and winged thcit flight from tliii 
ftrangc land to the Father's houfc i 
Yes, how thany of Our rcfpeAiit 
hearers are gone before us to jodg~ 
nicnt, and arc witnclEng for, or a- 


Ncw-T'ctzr^j RtJieeioKs, 


iujiplics of araccy what abundant 
watchfalncfi and prayer are necef- 
&ry, that we may finifh our courfc 
with joy, and the miniftry which 
we have received of the Lord Je- 
(usy CO teftify the gofpei of the 
grace of God ? What occaGon 
hare we to addrefsali good people 
in the language of the A}X)(tlc, 
BreibftB^ pray for us. 

While we coDtempIate, that 
God hath counted us faithful^ put- 
ting us into tlie miniflry ; and that 
uotwithffauiding our great unprofi- 
taUcnefs and ill-defert, we,throug)i 
flreogth obtaiued from him, con- 
tinue onto the prefcnt time, and 
nay once more congratulate our 
readers 00 their entrance upon a- 
aother yeari we confefs, that w^ 
hare reafbn to be filled with holy 
admiration and aftoniihment, at the 
diftingaifhingfbrbcaraDce ;:ndgood- 
aefiof God toward us. Efpecial- 
ly, when we confider the advanced 
period of life to which fome of us 
hate arrived, and how many much 
ywinger than ourfelves, and fome 
wiio were eminent for genius, lite- 
latiue, piety and ufefulncfs have 
been diuniiTed, the lad ytar, from 
their labors,* it fcrvcs further to 
enhance the riches of the divine 
pttiencei and to exalt our idcns of 
the divine beneficence. That we 
have been thus didinguiihed, is to 
be reTolved wliolly into the mere 
ibrereign go od n e(s of God . Even 
Jk% Father i for f<j it fccrmJ ^ood in 
Ajjigbl.\ Not unto US9 not unto i/j, 
JLord^ but to thy namt^ be all the 
ijbry.]: That the people of our 
rcQteAive charges behold their 
teachers, tliat ihey arc not in fack- 
cloth and widowhood : That they 

* Dr. Jonathan Edwsrds, Prcfidciit 
of UoMn-Cullcge, whudicd on the ift 
of Anguft luft, wa« diftinguiflidd iM all 
die particulars above mencivned. 

f Mntth. li. 26. 

i Plilm CSV. z. 

Vou II. No. 7. li 

enjoy general health and peace a- 
mong iliemfelvcs ; and that mutu- 
al edcem and fi iendfhip fubfift be- 
them and us, challen[;e our grate- 
ful notice. All the fucceis wc 
have had in o*jr miniftry, in the 
quickening, edification, comfort 
and joy cf our hearers ; all tlie en- 
largement and Ipi ritual plcafiirc wc 
have experienced in the duties cf 
our office, and in the duties cf re- 
ligion, in the clufet, in the family, 
and in the hcufc of God, are fur- 
ther arguments of wonder and 
praife. The fucccfs of this mag 
azine, the pleafure we have in con- 
templaung the great tilings which 
God has done for his churches, in 
publifliing them, and in communi- 
cating a variety of inftrudlion to 
fo many tlioufands of readers ; 
that they might participate in our 
pleafures, bewidius mutually quick- 
ened and animated, and unite their 
joys and thankfgivings with curs, 
demand our praife. Indeed, what- 
ever blcfRngs we enjoy ourl'^lves, 
whatever inftruc\iun, quickening, 
comfort and joy, wc hr.-.c been in- 
fltumcntal of commimic^nlng to 
others, or what ever good Wc liavc 
been enabled to do to individuals, 
or to any part of God s great ahd 
holy kingdom, incrcafcth ihcccunt- 
lefs obligations we are under to be 
the Lord's, and conftantis' to pIo- 
rify him in our bcdies, and in our 
fpirits which are his. TIhTl* are 
all bleffings which flow foiili from 
his fovcreign gocdnefs and tri- 
umph o\xT all liie ill-dcfeit iiiid 
bafcnefs of men. They proclair.i 
the immccfe excellency and glory 
of his nature, and \\\\i woriiiinLfs 
of univerfal praife. Do not cur 
hearts burn within us while we thus 
contcmpJatc his beneficence and 
glory ? Can we thus behold him 
and not lu\e him ? And not deiire 
to praife and enjoy him ? We wiJl 
therefore Uefs the Lord at all times i 

Sft.-r»m't RtpiOtu. 

fti f^i-Ji JitS rrtr^taj/h h ik tar 

mJoSiIji it nUihti. *'jf, Hi 
hh -«-. /Hrf, 1^1-^. tar 

.i>J/^,t ,fi .^:: f-:, h^ffia. 

iM wt wift t" f fiif. t'^e \Jari, 

nj the whole hii.-nifi tice. 

f inJiiifr, ettd Jtr h'u ^■initffat 
,rl, I, iti (hllli^ './ w> ! Wc 

denes, iiid tU \bhn lore the oime 
Grd aoaM unit^ wlih as* 
ring lU ihsnkrfiving. aw) 
lilcCEng and ^lorr urioliimfof hii 
jlori^'j! j^erfe^i^r!, ind for 
jucdncA 10 D', 10 ', to tht 
chnrcbM of Chrift in ihn Stare, in 
II ih« Unlied Siai*'!. ind to ihe 
Imrch urircrfjl. Th; moK we 
ovc ind ;irji(c God for hi) excd- 
■.ni jrir.itntfi ind mightv afl) on 
:nct(Tierit of this Kew- 


Tcsr, n ajfu tntiK ifcl 

Acv tp thii nUe >iul iM^fiB. 

floysicst. bugmJtejSgfH^ 

Fttf tJ iP » mtn ear own Ml 
yon heans. t»d lo mile (ken It 
ihe figbelt elmtioss oF glMindl 

and jnifz. In it be ccnUercd ihtt 
c*tf» n-HiKitt »c li»c, errrybrctth 
«{ diiv. ibc ^u]-h of our CMo- 
cRuvfC, ibc ttn^h of our dip, 
oat friendt lad ^11 f^f confens if 
ewr^ kind ut his forrtejn jifta. 
and llmt frocn thit cntrrated ibG- 
tiite feon'-iic of gcod. htimtn 
live, anAmWM, :mahm-' tvr Uii^. 
Of t'm, eyii tfstvtj^ tim, nJ n 

but 10 him ftull all cttaiurn A 
JiciiTt-r, =rd on cli-Jtafcrftr^Arj 
d«i Jemnien farfvr f All Ae in* 
ttlliEtr-cc, tisIiDc'i afid htffnSifi 
of li'fitJ and aogeis in !i«y«, il 
the life, fcafop. beamy, natural i 


NeW'Twmr^s RcfieiSoiu. 


V ? The na3 of wicked 
numerous as their thoughts 
on 3. Tiic Gas of many of 
•Q enormous and hcavco- 

TheftSy pcrjuric>9 mur- 
alpheinies aod uli abomioa- 
^uities are foaiid in their 
;tt God hath patience wiih 
nd from year to year, loads 
th Lis benefits. If the fins 
idnr^is are numerous and 
fond conception, how much 
arc the fins of great bod- 
Lcn ' Of cities, nations, 
whole \s^orId of machind ^ 
be cartiiin bt: drawn, and 
^edaefs of occ great city, 
' one day be brought into 
I God fees it, how would 
Ihtll the living ? But the 
lie whole world arc all na- 

open to tht: divine view, 
lath patience and fills the 
lib hUiichcs. The fins of 
people are many and atccn- 
h great ag^ravrvtions, yet 
>ns them, will never lc?.ve 
akc them. By no means. 
b« their God, and ciufc 
inbcrit all thing?. O fov?- 
riumphan*., farpnfiiig g^xni- 
God ! Can we thus con- 
: hire, and not Kivo and 
n with all the ftrcnj-th and 
four fouls ? And not ador&; 
!s his name ft}revor ? Can 

him ruling over all, doing 
«U, and reigning forever, 
with united love, gratitude 
Cog with the hods of heav- 

icr» if poi&ble, to inflame 
I and ycnr love ;iiul grati- 
3d to awaken all our hearts 
; and obedience, let us con- 
* tjhc goodnefs of our com- 
nefa^or, the lai( year, not- 
iding all our public and pri- 
!eaccs» to ttjp American 
to this State, and to us in 
ur. What difliDguifiuog 

blelKngs hive we erjoyed in the 
healtli, peace, plenty, civil aad re- 
ligious privileges experienced by 
the nation in general, and by this 
State in particular I In the contin- 
uation of the Lnportant Uvea and 
ufefulnefs of our governor ;^nd 
couacil ! Of our fenators 4od rep- 
refentativcs in the national con- 
grefs, and of the judges of our 
courts ? That they are all living ^ 
participate with us in the joyt of 
the New- Year I That among the nu- 
raerous clergy of this State therchave 
been but two inftances ofdeatb?* 
That Lhs liberality of the good 
people of this State, hath abound* 
cd towards their brethren in the 
Ncw-fettlements, aod towards the 
Pagans of America, beyond all 
former precedent ? That the divine 
fniilcs have attended die Miffionary 
Society and that the preaclung of 
the Miffionaries has been attended 
with fuch happy cffe^ls ? That the 
legiilature continue to countenance 
our charitable defigns ? That the 
Miffionary fpirh, in Europe r.nd 
America, continues ; that the num- 
ber of miiSons is annually increaf- 
ing, and the door of faith and iiil- 
vauon appears to be o|»eBing more 
extenfively to the Heathen both on 
the continents, and on the iflands 
in the fca. Befides, fevcrul of oar 
churches in this State, in the New- 
Setdements, and in the filler Sutes 
have experienced a time ofrcfrcfli- 
ing from the prefence of the Lord. 
Their numbers, ze;tl, beauty aod 
order have b^cn happily ir.creafcd. 
Number? of our hearers and read- 
ers have, probably, been born and 
adopted into the family of heaven, 
and begun to live to God. Some 
have experienced the firefh anoin- 
tings of the fpirit, and been filled 

* The Rev. Mr. Langdan cf D»nbu- 
ry, and ths Rev. Mr. TKqtcv^^ucv «\ 




lad ali The fnco of 

WUt MrtDMK W rii pp UV IBCK 

BHTpriifc? F«itbio<tec(l nsjlook 
ferwDd u> tbe glorioui tbyt witen 
an Gcd'i peopk flidl he njhteeM, 
when cTViT dcftn^jer ((uUhecc: 
«# frsfn hi) h^y m^cmaia, and 
lite who'e earth be fifled with dke 
knowled^ and glory of ibe Lard* 
Tfcy, itmiylent tunherftfll, isd 
Wiietnpljir* ihii pleoiwdeiAdctei- 
fiityor ^aJ•p]'>•:fI whith the6vt-l 
Aill enjoy in hii prdcnee, arj 
Anther lee hit gleiy and wonhineTi 
to be [inifrd . ' In thefe mofl eom- 
prehenflve yitui which wc arc at'p 
lo obtain cf the glorici:) Jehurah, 
Ittui unite now ind ttcinally ta 
Sin,^ forth the honor 

TM«ur ^ aryovdoRt 

AtAmek and Clnce ; ud ' 
yeirrhiyiMiy be in>de n 
dnnfa « God. la ibefc n 
|9finic BAMt by iMBHjenng yout ( 
■■ faefc a maAMT a: to apply tl 
all » vidan. Pnif- hiri by 
uartJeiTed (abntifion m bit 
wkh re^fl to alt erent!, whc 
pfOipenty or aSi Aiottt or or di 

ly coefidence tn the dtTtne pe 
ittd ^iKxicHs to finipon you or 
■fl yoei labon ana nriab, am 
prcjure ywi ftff all e«na, 
thii prafHce of pery aod tighw 
nefs, and by th«Jecxcrtifeiorf] 
fubmiffion and hope, wait all 
days of youi ippoioied tnce o 
yonr change ftall come. By t 
offering praiJe yoo will gtorify G 
For you to lire tviU be Chrift ; 
fliall die in thji. of ti 


On iheperpm of Jefus Cirtfl. 


Too and characler of Chrift. All 
fjueftions which rcfpcA him arc 
important, and, anon;; others, the 
prefent is not the Icafi worthy of 

It is beliered, for the following; 
reaibns, that the human foul of 
Chrift did not exifl before his in- 

1. Chritl Jefus is a perfcdt man, 
pofleffing all the qualities of a man 
in union with his divine nature. 
This it granted in the (]ue(lion ; 
bnfltif it were not grnntcd, it is ev- 
ident from the holy fcripturcs. 
Mofeft fpeaks of him as, when 
he fays, **The Lord thy God will 
raife up unto thee a prophet, from 
the midft of thy brethren, like cn- 
to me." Ifaiah preui^s, that he 
would be a man of furrows, and 
atquainted with grief. Paul calls 
him The man C!iri(t Jefus ; and 
tells us that he took not on him the 
nature of an^cIs ; but the feed of 
Abraham, r^ml that it b::hovcd him 
in all things to be rnadc ]l!:c unto 
his brethren. He often called 
himfelf Thv! Son of Man ; and 
his appear: nee in his birth, life, 
fafFcrings >ind death, as related by 
the ev-angelifb, dcclaic him man. 
There is aii Lhe evidence of his 
bcin|» man that there is that any 
inhabziant of thin world is a man. 
Therefore, unltrfs there is fomc- 
thing in the fcriptures to the con- 
trary, wc have no reafon to fuf- 

Eeft, b»:t tha: his human foul and 
ody herran their exillence, as to 
timey in the fan^e relation to each 
eeher, as th: fluls and bodies of 
ether men. 

2. TI^c pre-cxidcnce of the 
fSMils of r.*.cn in g?neral to their 
bodies is without evidence either 
firom fcripiure or reafon ; and to 
believe it without evidence is ab- 
fnrd. Reafon and fcrlpturc both 
oontradi<£l the fuppofition. The 
imeliefhzal improvements of chil- 

dreuy from infancy to maturity, 
are firom a date of perfect igno- 
rance, to a good degree of under- 
Handing, by a regular and gradual 
progrcfs ; and the appearance en- 
tirely corrcfponds with the idea, 
that the foul began its exiftence no 
earlier than the body. It proves 
that it did not before this begin its 
exiftence as a foul — an intelligent 
nature, capable of intelledhial im- 
provements ; for it is manifcft, that 
no fuch improvements have been 
made. The fcriptures do alfb fup- 
port this idea. They teach us that 
men (hall be judged according to 
the deeds done here in the body. 
But if fouls exided before their 
bodies, and were intelligent beings, 
they were virtuous or vicious — » 
were moral and accountable agents, 
and of courfe amenable for other 
things than the dee^s done here in 
the body ; and therefore at the h(k 
day, merely tliefe deeds, would 
not be the righteous ground of 
rendering judgment. Bcfides, men 
are confciou* to thcmfelvts of noth- 
ing before their rclidcnce in the 
body : Which appear? worthy of 
notice in determining the queflion, 
as it rcfpe*^5 men in general. 
Therefore fince men are not con- 
fcicus of any prc-cxiOent ftatc of 
their fouls, and there is nothing 
done before their union with bod- 
ies either virtuousor vicious, which 
is to come into judgment, it does 
not appear, that thcic are any ends 
to be anfwered by fuch prc-exift- 
cnce, which goes far to convince 
a rational mind, tiiat there is no 
fuch thing. — Further ; The fcrip- 
tures adert that Adam begat a fon 
in his ov/n likenefs, after his im- 
age, and called his name Setb. 
Tiiis imports, that according to a 
divine conflitution, Adam was the 
caufc of his exiflence. But the 
body alone was not Seth, at\d vi**!^ 
noi the i^nc\^ \ii\ti^ \js\ovi^^^ 

to bim u: vilttzh he wh in the im- 
_e of ki* Uthtr. ills (oai—itU 
i^ttioi port W3I alio in Adam'i 
liker.cli and fccmi to !uvc been the 
chief, OT only ihi:^ iiitcniled in 
tlir expi^fSoo, He wu thkjcfore 
•tjiutly U™ Liher of both, Thii 
inilNnca willdoiJjLl«fia].>Fly tojtui. 
^llerit; in gcceral. 'I'hus wc 
liave nn evidence ot the pre-exill- 
•acc of fouis tn i)icii bodici iji ot- 
dinary cafci, many ironlidcrjtioai 
cooiiidiA ;Ik fuppolition. ind it 
iciejfoiublc to conclude ihatlhue 
W» oo fuch pre-exilleoci:. 

3. If tltc of mca in gene- 
iil begin their i^ ui'^ iheli 
bodies *e hiM leafan to bcliere 
ihit <^' tlie fouls of ,tlt uK'n. aad 
of the loiman fual of Jdus Chiift, 
1: welt IS of uiy o;hir man, unlcfs 
there is fume cvtdriKc, itintinlhii 
fcf)NA. lie i^ ia evccption Crotn 
the general conniluiion of Cod in 
Bi ■ 

(Ta tktfufin Y J^i" C^. 


recorded of him. It iioaljrlaHd 
the child erew, ^ntl w4Xed ^(ong 
in the Spirit, and the grace of 
God wu upon himt-T^nd he io- 
creifcd id wifJom, and fluuic, 
uid IB fatoi with God vid man. 
Thij fuggetli. thit in early life, 
like other pioui and diligent cbtl- 
dreo, he rn.idc a ptogreuiie, tba' 
moic t^iid incici^: in wifdomaod- 
undciftandbg ; fu tb^i at tike 3^ 
of twelve years he could undei- 
fland, and pTopofc pcrtbcDt oimC- 
tion) to the JeuiQi doflors. Acd 
the reafon for this Hncamvaa isi- 
provemcDt is jiven, ' The grsce af 
God was ujion him-' 

4. The fcripiurei acqiuint U> 
with the rcaToM, wh; it wai nc- 
ceflary, that Chriil ftiould a£iiBte 
humaoiiy. The reafoas they af- 
figa arc fudcicDt ; and we ha<rc no 
rigiu u> fuppofi: any othera beyond 
whit are writico. The fciipisres 


On tkiferfgn of Jwjut CkriJI. 


Mm the form of a fcrvant, that he 
became obedient unto death for 
onr juftification ; and it was afier 
he htd offered his vicarious facri- 
Cce for finiiy that he fat down) on the 
right hand of God, as the Tifible 
head of his church, awaiting the 
ffafaJedioDof his enemies. There- 
ferey fo far as appears, the only 
things for which die fcripiurcs tell 
«S his hmnanity was ncceflaryt 
are fiibfequent to his incarnation ; 
and fo did not require the pre-cx- 
illence of his human foul. 

5. It k pref^med that the hifto- 
ryof Chrift's incarnation nerer. 
foggefted the idea of the pre-extf- 
tence of his human foul. It was 
probably in?ented to fupport fome 
fftvonte fyAem ; and being <idopt- 
edy the icriptures were narrowly 
jttfchcd for fomething to (upport 
it. A mirober of texts and ex- 
pitiBofM have been adduced | but 
■OM of them require die conftruc- 
tioiithat has been impofed upon 
them for this purpofe. Some of 
them require a very different one 
tobt confident with themfelves, 
aod aU to be coniiflent with the 
genetal tenor of the fcriptures on 
this Ubjt&f which it is belicred 
hu bees already dated. Thefc 
pdbges are few, and the principal 
ones will now be noticed. 

One paflage that is bro'tto prove 
that the human foul of Chrift ex- 
iled before he came in the flefti 
it Philip, ii. 6—10. ** Who being 
ia the rorm of God, tho't it not 
nMery to be equal with God : but 
made himfelf of no repiiution, 
and took upon him the form of a 
lerrant, and was made in the like- 
>keA of men, and being found in 
ftfliion as a man, he humbled him- 
Gelfi and became obedient unto 
<ieadi,ev€n the desih of the crofs ; 
therefore God hath highly cxatt- 
^ hmii and given him a name 
^hkii a above eveiy name : that 

at the name of Jefus, every knee 
flinuld bow, of things in heavetty 
and things in earth, and things un- 
der the earth." — It is Aid that 
this paflage mud rtftr only to the 
human foU of Qirid, becaufe his 
divine nature could not be humblt<C 
and die i and that it refers to his ' 
human foul in a pre-cxiftent date, 
when it was in the form of God i 
and that it mud have been origin- 
ally in an exalted date, or it couid 
not properly be faid to have been 
humbled, and to have taken tlie 
form of a (crvant ; and that his 
divine nature could not have bce^i 
exalted in confeauence of his hu- 
miliation, bccaufc it was always iu* 
finitely exalted. 

Tliat this objc^ion vnnj l)€ an- 
fwered, it is ncccifary to prcmifc, 
that the fcriptures do not fpeak of 
the divinity and humanity of Clirid 
as two perfons, but as two natures 
combined in one pcrfon. But the 
objedion conGdcrs thcfc nature a 
as two perfons, and derives all its 
apparent force from that confidcra- 
tion. The objenion is at once re- 
moved, by' admitting the fcriptu- 
ral idea, that ihf fttond ftrfon in 
thefttcrsd Trinity Lhj ajfxtmed hu* 
maniiy, and is one perjhn^ilL He 
humbled himfelf by condcfc^nding 
to take upon him the fuhordinate 
office of a Mediator between God 
and finncrs, by vcriing his divinity 
for a while with humanity in the 
light of creatures, by placing him- 
felf in the form of a fcrvant, by 
obeying as one (ubjefl to law, and 
at length offering himfelf up as a 
facrifice for fin. All which was 
wro't in his own per/bn, as God 
and man united. This pcrfon wat 
afterwards exalted. His divinity 
\\'2z no lonfTcr PiirouJcd by his hu» 
mitnitY. It manifcd thatin 
him dwc! ^11 the fulnefs of the 
Godhead boJily. li'i% W^Civak- 


0-t (i,^r/.« »/■ 7^ ClHjI. 


foundiiiijn fui ll.c uh>)le of hii | 
OKfigioT}', in U:c ifficche hiduo- | 
deil^D, 4i Mciliiior aii.l Kbg 
In Zion, aod for a ittuic Kinfcea- | 
dan: miDittlUti'jn of (iitinc glo- i 
ry thincreatuics lijJ ever before 
i for ihe ilif['Iay ci ihofe pcr- 
fedionsof uifduiii, jultice, mercy . 
aad faiil.fubcfs. \ilii;h di^ogiiilh , 
the gofp«l difiHrnl^tlun vbove all I 
die Lpown wuils uf God. God | 
n die rifft, anditen | 
of angrli in t!iis advinceJ gbry, 
cqa.nce tf his mediamtul 
And at Mcdiiior, he ii 
highly exftUed and mit head o- 
all things to the church, wheth- 
er they be 'Lhings in heaTCRi or 
thingi in earth, or things under 
. under his dire^on 
i!i:y in»y c-ciiicribuie ru his king- 
dom of grace. And in this, as 
the bri^htntfsof the Father's glo- 
ry, .ind thr (xrrtf. Image of his 
pcrfun, he exhibits lija peifi-'ftions 

■ bM OolyA 

iccriiablyJnd us i< 

he ntiTcr bccuue o 

fuper aiigelk miu 

And ilic c^naJity vnib Godt iC- 

ciibcdio tlib crcRxed niturc, winiiM 

on Arian pciBciplet fufieilcdc At 

ated D:i;y ; »ed fu cany b lihe 
whole length wf rh»i dangeraa 
hetcfy. This conllrjdticKi of tin 
fili^Ste ~o:s to the dcuUI beth «£ 
till divinity and hununityi and if 
equally incoi»riUeht wilh the whole 
tenor of the lirripturn, a.'^d ibe 
fclicire which k is brought to fiif- 


In anfwcring ih; cODdiuftiuo 
impofed opon this [wit^gc, *n u- 
fwer is lifo lutr.ilhed to a finiilir 
one, put upon John xrii. $. 
" And bow, U iMsheri glcrit'y 
thou luc with thine own feU, wok 
tlie giury which I bad wilh ihcc 
before the w-orld was " Asd M- 
a like co[>aiuaion u|>on 3 Cm. 


Oh thferfin rf Jrfui Chryi. 


been the effed of omntpotcoce, and 
the only reality in them was di- 
vine. Agreeable to GeneCs xvLi. 
I. ** The Lord appeared to Abra- 
ham end fiud I am the Almighty 
God." Rer. iii. 14. ''Thebe- 
doniBg of the creation of God.'' 
This if ipoken of Chrift. It is 
ohjeOeJ that it means, that the 
hvHHa find of Chrift was the firft 
dliag which God created. The 
on^ul word for beglnmug is 
JknkSt which indiffereatlir figni- 
iet the ieghmng or the ciirf and 
ii vAii in both knfes in the Greek 
MftameBt 1 and it may either im- 
poR that dw iecond perfon in the 
leered trinity was the creator of 
the wuverfey which is a truth fup- 

Ked by other fcriptnres $ or that 
[ft in bodi natures is chief or 
overall things to the church, 
ii aUb a bible do^rine* and 
fieBeheft to agree with the occa* 
OB which the words were 
jatfodnced, which was to 
his 4iieflage to the an- 
^ «C the church of the Laod- 

more paflage will be 

which is cited to prove 

Iht fffO^Kiftence of Chrill's hu- 

mm iboL Col. i. 15— iB. 

*Wko la die image of the invifi- 

Ik God» the fir(T-born of evcrv 

For by him were all 

created that are in heaven , 

jMfhat are in earth, vifible and 

yMlBle» whether they be thrones 

i-'4V dominion B, or principalities, or 

Ail things were created 

hh% and for him. And he is 

I all things, and by him all 

jjMm confift. And he is the 

i^HMf the body, the church ; 

the be^nning, the firiV-born 

dead ; that in all things 

^|ht have the pre-emineoce." 

tdbjeded that this cannot ref- 

p|ht divinity of Chrift ; for it 

Unmake God the ims^e of 

Voii. II. No, 7. 

himfclf. That the ezpreffion, 
* The firft-bom of every creature/ 
is not applicaUe to his divinity, 
and mub denote the pte-exiftence 
of his human foul ; and that thit 
foul was the creator of heaven and 
earth — angels and men. 

Here again the objcdlion is foua« 
ded on the uofcriptural fuppofition, 
that the two natures of Chrift con- 
(litute two perfons. The apoAle 
was defcribing the Mediator, pof- 
feffing both natures in one perfon. 
He is the image of the inviCble 
God, as in him dwelleth aU the 
fulccfs of the God-head bodily. — 
God manifeft hi the flefh. And 
as Creator, Governor and Ra- 
deemer, it is he only who brings 
the perfedioos of God into the 
view of any of hu creatures, in 
heaven or earth. By his being 
the £rfl-bom of every creature can- 
not be meant the birth of his pre- 
exiilent human foul ; for that was 
not born, if pre-exiftent. But it 
cither denotes the eurnal genera- 
tion of the fecond perfon in tlie 
holy Trinity, or his being the firfl- 
born from the dead, or rather ex- 
prefFcs his pre-eminence over all 
creation, by an allufion to the an- 
cient rights of primo geniture, as 
its connexion apparently fuggefts- 
Befides, the p^age is inconfifient 
with the Icheme for wlilch it is ad- 
duced. It exhibits a nature fo far 
fuperior to man and even to an- 
gels, that tliey arc all but the 
works of his hand, and on the fup- 
poiition that it was a created foul 
which is here meant, it muft land 
us in Arianifm. 

Finally, tlie fuppofition of the 
pre-exiilence of Chrift's human 
foul is inconfident with his being 
propeily man, and like ucto his 
brethren. An anglic or fuper-an- 
gelic nature united to a body would 
not be man ; but au angeli or mot^ 
ihaa angtl mcwnax^% . \x jsiMiL\»x«* 


•• Tuj^^dMiirt^ if/Mitk" 


alfo *j»ii1 ilie liiipoirant fcripture 
t!uv1nnti of ihc Ocrcd Tnniry, 
.loaiiiedmniiypt Chr!:! i For the 
fjri; ctmllruiTion Ij irnpofcd upon 
■.hoC: piifAfiM of fcriiitiire, that 
h.i« been notice J, whidi ihofr, 
v.:u, deny the Triniitf, »nJ the 
OjNinrtyof Chrift, mike life of 
to fwppwi their fchrnie. And it 
is fiiJ 10 be a projcifl J^vifed by 
Anui to eiublc liim marc effcftu- 
Divinity. And hare ret manyi 
wlio haic S'ioj-i'ed ihij opimcn, 
been foc^n l^d to iI.vjv, or lie vciy 
doubifnl tt his diyiniiy ! Or to 
ihinkihe d;iiil of it no »ery dTen- 
cJ eiTor ? It doe! an iminediitc 
injury to [he faith »n.! comfort of 
God'? people, by irrvenitig the 
fcriptur'.-i. An.) fj at (hi! opin- 
ion prcvjils, «r have rc.fon to 
L-ir thji the i,-n)'.>njn! doAJnne', of 
i'.ri.-:i!DiviM!- ,ird tv.n of the 

to be cleitly nnilRfTood j for if 
tht* alone be the eharaflet v!ud 
infititte reflitude ipjwoTn, annC 
lake rn thii point is no Ids sAf 
in iu confeqaence than the fcfitf 
eternal h^ppiscft. And yet in bH 
one point ate we more SaUe ■ 
millake. In no (hinj; peibiplM 
mankind, mote dirided, ma Tt 
their vicwi f f tht chata&eraf'ik 
JvJ rtau. Thh <iiwr*!ty of ad^ 
ion! It is ^ntf si5 that kIwow 
tht charaftcr of God, and tMHi 
3 cinfequence frjiti it. It b rtfr 
genial «'ith the ignorance of tht 
proud, felulti heart, blind tol&CiA 
(iniic beauty of Jdtorah't dNRe> 
ter, to call evil j^od, vtigtettA 
— to pol dirkneli for light ■nd'tn- 
ler for fweet. Av.i JT bto thil 
fpiritual blindnef* alone ai t^E 
lource to whicb tltit igMtwc*: vd 
are (o be traced. TheiOl 



The juflJLail live hy faith.'' 


The idea of jmiicc nccefi'arlij' 
implies reLtion. Tiicrc is a ceru'm 
and ncccffary relation fubliihrg be- 
tween all the various orders of mor- 
•1 beings^ and between the various 
beings of the fame order. From 
this relation certain duties arifc, 
and are as indii'peniible in their na- 
tures as the re]ation is unalterable. 
Hence th^grour. J of* all moral ob- 
iigationp and of the vaiious duties 
which moral beiogs owe to each 
other and to themfelves ; I mean, 
the relation which they individual- 
ly fiiftain to each other, and the 
l^acc which each occupies in the 
iyftcm. The gtnei^l divifion of 
being, is that of Creator and crea- 
tures. From this relation, duties 
4)f coffinioo obligation are binding 
4ipoo all creatures towards their 
Crcacort enforced by the laws of 
their creation. Among created 
bangs, relations are multiplied 
nd various, and confcqucntly their 
datks. Juftice therefore confiils 
in n£king according to trutli, or tiie 
natscal order and litncfs of things, 
or acting conformably to the rcla- 

things fubfcqu'ni to that of Crea- 
tor. Hence his right to rule ap- 
pears to arife from his power to 
create, or his having a^ually crea^ 
ted. " Thou art worthy, O Lord, 
to receive glory, and honor and 
power ; for thou haft created all 
things, and for thy plcafure thoy 
are and were created/** God's 
adt of creation rc(pe£ts us only as 
rational creatures, produced by 
his power, and made capable of 
moral exercifcs and moral gov- 
ernment. The juft man will, 
therefore render to God his due, 
as his Creator — will acknowledge 
his hand, and his power in the for- 
mation of all things. He lives 
by faith ; and <* thro' faith we cn- 
derlland that the worlds were fra- 
med by the word of God ; fo that 
dungs which are feen, were not 
made of things whiciido appear."')* 
He will kid and acknowledge him- 
felf to be the produ<5l c>f divine 
power, and that he is ab^'.^v'dv 
dependent for lifo * ... .^..^ 

all things — that i. is in God he 
lives and moves and has his be- 

tion the agent fuitains to the reii of . ing. He will acknowledge from 
the fyfiem coUcilivcIy ; and efite- \ the heart that God's lad end in 
ciaOyto thatpaitof i: immcdi;itely I the creation of the world, was 
ifided by the aft ion. To aft i his own glory — that if he exifted 
comrsuytothis, istoaifl unjuiHy — i before creatures, and is infinitely 
it it a pca^cal Wifehood, as i: is a I greater than all creatures, this mu(l 
denial of the ciLblifhed ion j be true. He will acknowledge 
and fitnefs of thim^/. In a word, ; that God had jufl right to cre.Ltc 
therefore, the chi.ra&cr of a juft j all diings for himfelf, anvl the 
confiils in Tendering to every j wicked for the day of cvilj of 

the fame lump to make one vefTcl 
unto honor and another unto dif- 
hunorf — to make every creature 
with a view to anfwer his ov.n pur. 
pofcs, and accomplifh his own de- 
figns — to determine to difpl.iy his 
juflice upon one and his mercy up- 
on another, according to the good 
pleafure of his own will, and none 

being bis di:c<:. 

I. The jud man renders to God 
the things wiiicharc his due, or vol- 
antarily performs t'lofe duties he 
owes to God, as his Creator and 
moral Governor. — The character 
4if God as Creator, is diilinft from 
that as moral Goveinor, and may 
be didindly coniidered. The 
cfanrader of God as moral Gov- 
ernor, is, according to the order 
^ nature, and our conception of 

• RcvcUtion iv. it. f Hebrews xi 


" Tl,J.JJIallln-ij/^t." 


Ihtih R right to £iy I 
I Aot(\ thou. He ■ 

vill ihcrcl'orc 
I ttknftwledgc (Jod' I firofrriily in 
I him— hii right to difpof« ot bin 
■ be pkafcs. both a to liit |ir«r> 
nt and his ttcmal (tut — H« 
I luih 00 «>11, h)i ttx will of God, 
lucheerfuHy rcGgncd to the dot- 
lings of hii Protrdrncc 2nd mihei 
I k hit \t& end to (erTt an<] ^lerifji 

'leji::! mjn will tm- 
II dues *i mcral Go*- 
dience to ill hi* com. 
mi>!.ifl« with lU his 
Irerealed will. U is the h^jh pre- 
lrog-jti>t of G(mJ> u moral Co>* 
ir of thrunirerft, to enafla l»w 
litdy binding upnn the con- 
I fciences of hii cmtuin, for the 
I regulation of ailtheir exerciret uid 
|aftioni — to finflion ihii livr with 
moll heavy dfnundaliont of 
h againll -he tranfgrefftir, 
tiifei of ih'j moll gloi * 

ef right, or (bnefs of tUop. which 
vi* aatccedent to Uie cxifkocc of 
creaturct. or the prontulgntoo «f 
tny law. and ti ts atfxmtj ta tbt 
being ind pnlcdiw)* of QoA 
Cod is lore, and hU d^tr^Avii 
fiiUy cxptelTed 10 hti lav. Uii 
■ law of love, uul every pjnafb 
fpc>k> the ^tei\ good will tol>> 
ing, — F.TCiy lA of obedience u 
God'tUwitinexerciTeaf kntxa 
t>eing ai fuch, and ii Tuicd oeiy 
according to ihe different otfcfii 
or pam of being to which it ku 
jmmediice rtfpeA The nleby 
which we tuv to tpportioa onr bfi 
U peitrfily reafaaable and jaft ; 
that it. to prefer the Rreucr |Ood 
to the lcfs~the unir trial to tii* lim> 
ited — 10 love errry bciag io pre. 
porttoB 10 hit worth And inper- 
tancc in tJic {yl^tm, or accvdis| 
to fall quantity of being, and Ra- 
cily of enjoying happiDcTt. 'nil 
is a diAate of reafoo, lad k > 


« ThejufiJhalHivihy fcitL'' 


to Godv whit remains for our fcl- 
law«crcatures ? We cannot give 
more than the who If. ? 

This doubt may he cafily folved. 
The (ceming dificuliy 'wili Tanilh, 
when once U'e entertain properly 
enlarged views of God, and the 
immcnfity of his being. God is 
HOC only, the fourcty but the fum 
of all being. He doth neither di- 
■dniiht nor add to his being, by 

EiBg exiftence to creatures. In- 
tnde can neither be )eflened> 
DOT increaied. All creatures live 
an God, and have no exiilence in- 
dq>eadcnt of him ; for it is in him, 
we live and move and have our 
beings. Love to God» therefore, 
ii love to all beings ; as the great- 
er inpiiet the lefs, and the whole 
indndes all its purts. Creatures, 
then, having no being independent 
of God, we arc not to love them, 
oBCOoneAedly with him. The 
lecond command, we read, is like 
anto the firft, '< Thou (halt love 
ihj neighbor as thy fell." It is a 
iowc, the fame in kind, and has 
(^ farae ultinnatc objcif t. He that 
loves his neighbor as .i creature of 
God, loves him for God's fnke, 
as well ai for his ovvu fake, and 
this is as truly an oxercifc ot love 
to God, as to love a child for the 
puent's fake, is an exercLic of love 
to the parent. 

Such is the nature, the moral 
beaatyand excellency of the law 
of God. It i^ the nile of conduift 
"which God himfelf obfer\-es both 
in relation to himfelf, and liis crca- 
It is an expreflion of the 
1 aficAions of the divine mind, 
sad here they meet and centre with 
the feelings, affeAions and defires 
of the juft man. God is a being 
of iaintte juAicc, in ai!lirg ;:cc or- 
bing to his own law. 1 here is 
the lame realbn why God (hould 
kwe himfelf infinitely, as tliat we 
flKmM love him with all our heart 

and (Irength, and it is in the exer- 
cife of this love ta himfelf, that he 
loves his creatures — as the crea- 
tures of his power, and capable of 
partaking of his infinite h^inefs. 
And, therefore, it is true too, that 
Gcd loves his creatures as himfelf 
— that is to fay, with the fame 
kind of love, and in de;tree accor- 
ding to the worth and iniporunce 
of each one in the fyilem. 

This law is the rule of the juft 
man's conformity to God. — ^It aifo 
lays a foundation for his highcft 
complacency in the divine charac- 
ter. He lofes fupremely that in- 
finitely beoevolentchard^er, which 
the law exprcfn:s. He approves 
of the law as holy juft and good. 
It is the fubjtA of his daily and 
mod delightful meditation. It ii 
written upon his heart and every 
precept of it copied out in his life, 
in ai5ls of chearful condant obedi- 
ence, diro' all the various duties 
both to God, and his fellow men. 
The law of love is the rule of his 
hfe. He renders unto all their 
dues— tribute to wl'.om tribute is 
due, cudom to whom cuftcm, fear 
to whom fear, honor to whom 
honor. In all his intercourfe with 
his fellow men, and in the various 
relations h*t fuftains he exercifes 
the fpirit of his ftation, and has a 
f:crcd regard to that golden, uni- 
vcrfal rule of equity, •* to do to 
others, as he would that they (hould 
do to him." — But 

2u The juft man, not only ren- 
ders to God, and his fellow crea- 
tures their dues, but he gives to 

! iiimfelf his due. He is juft to 

j himfelf. 

I There is more importance in this 

I thought, tlian what, perhaps, may 
at firft be imagined. It is one dif- 
tinguifhing mark of the juft man ; 
and certain it is, that if deftitute 
of this he forfeits the character. 
Unlcfs Ive doe^ yiK\tc Xft XvL^x^^^-k 

" rf'^Ju/ H-aU iw lyfukt." 

i-.cdfietjurtiK Dfithtrl 


stc RiinT wko prorelTedly i;^ra*c 
ot' the Uw nf 1«cm1, ani| prDtcTt te 
leTF thatch«rji>nerof God. whicb 
theliw ; — ihfimiifclccon- 
cfuiftioo i* onimprachjbtp — (wr* 
aa cbvgc diem villi injultiet ta 
theif fellow m^n ; uhta M the 
lime liiuf thfy nre unjult lo tbem- 
ftlve»— <hcy i.f«rc IJ rrn.;cr to 
(htmfelvft ihcit rtuc. Thit fully 
jirovs; their h^pcciiiy. It Cfiden- 
ces thi! the l»w w»» ne»fr writ- 
ten upon thr:r heiitt. and that 
tbcf render to do being hit due*. 
They will aekBOwlcdK? il>M the 
jt-nltypf ilw l.<w i* ir.iircljr, in6- 
nite)y}uft — that mankin<l are uu- 
»erCilljr trinfgrpfff r» of His iai* Utd 
eoofcqucmly jiiflly difetWnj to 
fnffcrilspcnjliy. Tim ncknoict. 
edgment ii pcrliips Uii confonw- 
inp tn ihe c(l<blifli:H orthojosy of 
tb- Ticitty lo whicli 'ii'v be!"n;>. 

not infioiKly {oitlf ■ uddef«rvtnf 
-.9 be eterntlly ci<ifl u>4 kai tu 

Bui the jaft taaa bu dtSiL«eU 
view* of the fabjeft. He deci 
hiiD&tfbcttcr juftice. In hit t^ 
plication of the law he is iofvtiaL 
He Ittart (ta« Ipealiing to, cm»> 
mutding aDdthrtatci)inf>liiinicIfai 
Hell at othi:r$. Hi^ oonnAwu 
of tiuth brgin It ti'.ime. He ntit 
them in ihc humble peniici;!, exs^ 
ai'tt of liii own heart. TeaJizia| 
the penally of the Uw, as arnei 
diretily ai himfelf. Hit Ii»n Ian 
atoen to the fcatencc, eren th(/ 
he OiouldNsiliciubieaofn. He 
fte)« itiijull. He Kluowledgn 
it to be rif^it— that he U a lidUc 
ferrini; creatucet and iitiae juSice 
would (hioe bright jndgloriouiibf* 
ever in h>i dctlmtiivn. He U 
vile and piiliy in his o*o »iew, 
fndthn' he loveihirofetfas acrO' 
ture dI Gim), yci he ran cxercife 


Oh Prayer. 


nincIeSf life, death, refjncflion 
and afcenfion — that lie is feutcd at 
the right of God, and ever 
liveth to make intcrccfnon for his 
people-— that he is coniinuaUy car- 
rying on the work cf redemption 
by giving repcntrir.oe unto Ifrael 
and fbrgivencfs of fins, and apply- 
ing by his fpirit to all his redeemed, 
the laving benefits of his death and 
parchafe ; as the Kin;^ and La\v- 
ghrcT the head of all authority, 
and of aU vital infiucnces to his 
eleA Chnrch, unto whom he is 
made of God, wifdom, righteouf- 
Be(s» (anftification and redemption. 

Such is the hi^h and holy char- 
after of the Lord Jefus Chnl(, to 
which the heart of the juft man is 
conformed and aflimilated. He 
rejoices in the nunifeflation Chriii 
hath made of the divine righteouf- 
aeftf and tho honor he hath paid 
to the divine law. His charad^er 
and offices, caufe and interefl, in- 
terceffion and mediatorial govern- 
ment are unfpcakably endeared 
to him. Chrifl is precious to his 
ibul— <he objeft of his lupremc af- 
feftion — the foundation of all his 
hope and traf^, and his only 
tof accefs to the Father. He rc- 
reres his authority, fubmits to his 
government, renders obedience to 
his laws, and devotes himfcif to 
his fervicc, and thus renders to 
Chrift the things that are his due. 

Thefe are the outlines and dif- 
ting^ifhing marks of the charaf^er 
of tb? ju(l man. It is but imper- 
feftiy (kctched, yet may be profi- 
tably improved. Let mc intreat 
the reader to bring the fubjeft 
home to his heart in p. realizing 
felf-application of the truth. In 
this cxercife, we fhall be led to fee 
diat the chara^cr of the jiift nrsn, 
and the hanpincfs attending it, are 
neither fo caf)*, nor flj ci mmcn r.t- 
caiement.^, as arc by many imagin- 
ed. It i: a great thtno to be r fl 

in t!?e fight of God. And if God 
condemns us it is of no confe* 
quer.ce to us, who clfe fhall jultify 
us. If Goi accounts us unjuli, 
it is not the united voice of tlie 
univcrfc of creatures c.<n rccrfe 
the judgment, or make us juil— 
for it is God who juftiiictli. It 
we Iiave taken a correfi view ot 
the character of the jufl man, it 
is certain that none but the regene- 
rate are jwiU or render any part of 
their dues, either to God, or their 
fellow-men. It is in vain for us 
to flatter ourfclves that v,c are 
jufl, while our hearts are at enmi- 
ty with God, ard oppcfed to his 
chaia<5ter and law. We mull Le 
born of God, htfcrc we can be 
led by his Spiric. The hcait n-uic 
be mad<: good ground Ix'f^rc it 
can yield the fruits cf rightcoui- 
nefs. Let all realize this iiiipotr- 
ant truth, and feeling juflly con> 
demned, and fpirituaily flnin Lv 
the law, be led by f'.iilh«to Chrif*, 
who is tlu* end of the i:iw tor 
rigiUcoufiiefs to every or.c i!K.t b;'- 

(To he con'.'fmicd.) 

to I 

prr.yr, a ci'j/T^u/i peculiar tot heft t 
^•LcJ:^'jt ur.J.r d/jrijiy the CV-/- 
/.;;;/ '.j cur faicMoru 

rCoiitiriucd fiOM page 220.J 


" T T is good for me to drav/ 
J. near :o Gcd," f.iid the ho- 
ly PilJmifi : And fo Ays every 
one, who ever did draw near tj 
Gcd, in the dury of prayer. There 
i> a prefent pLafure in it, which 
cannot be def. ribed to men, who 
have not fell iu Bcfides, prayer 
is one of ihc greateft means ct 
procurirj thofe bletlings, which 
v/e need for time and e.vax'Wv'o^. 
\Vc h Av;i ftvcvfOi \u iL ^QLimtx ^v^ 

(64 On Pi 

bw. Willi #i<l3nei Jie oiitafta- 
toentfuati obuircdc-ic; (L;ir «&• 
emie*, wben ihty t'ou^Ki with tbit 
tbtir fnwltar VK^f4ii. By tt tlicf 
llev k>K|*i ycii famoui Imagi. 
One chafed 4 thooTir.'j und two 

Lciianow look into (lie ntw- 
HAamenii itnd fee ii' we CMDwit 
find fonethiog ibm td cocour^e 
Chnlluns !□ be mere ibundant is 
prayer. No doubt, Hcrod tbu 
jiroud lyiot, ulio fought the Uft 
ai ihe Bdbc of Beihlcheia wot 
OTCTCorae by pray« : Not by tb« 
pnveri of thole fupertlitiout, 1|V|>> 
oemical Pliarifcei, who flood u 
ihc camcrt of Jtccets, iJ><tt iJiey 
might be heard of men ; but 1^ 
the piaycis Dl fuch liumble fupplj- 
cants, 31 Jofcpb and Mary, Zach- 
iniiand Elizsbc^h, Simeon aod 
Aona. The j«»)iers of Anna 
J.iiac wtn-c enough to cour.tcrifl 
id wiles cf Herod. 

ons. That fa£igc in the icttih 
Pialai has « *i£rj particular refer- 
cnce td Chtiil i " They faught 
agaJttA mc withoiu a caufe.* For 
my they a*c my udTcrfahei i 
Lia I give mjjilj umo prajtr." 
By ihli paiTagc wc le^ro how it 
wai that Chrilt oppofcd hi) cat- 
mie» i he gaw himfelt to fcayer. 
He was cniincnt for |jraycr. I& 
tliii thinjt, he wai tlic uuc a&UQipe 
of Daiid, whofe prayert aad prai- 
fct make ^i inuA preciout put of 
ihc holy fcripiurc*. We read of 
Ckitll'i fpcndinj the whole nig^ 
in pmyei ; aod of hii rifing up a 
gruat wtiilc berore daj tu retiic in- 
to a fclitary place to pray. Tbit, 
niy breiliicn, ■■ the inAa, wAo badi 
lift lu an tKsmpU, thai vi JtmU 
Jotiino in iiijhpt In that hkk- 
orablcnijhi, ultcnhii Father t«^ 
off' re^ju'.i, and let hit (■coiM 
tuoft' upon hm, he gave hia&lf 
uoio prayer. He Erit prayed wsb 


On Prayer, 


[n anfwer to the petiiion of ChriO, 
bis incorngiblc enemies will be 
made his foot-ftool forever*. 

Juft befbre the bldTed Jefus was 
reeeiTed up to his Father's right 
fiandi he commanded his difcfples 
BO tarry in Jerufalem antil they 
hoM be endued with power from 
OB fiigh. This command they 
obeyed, and we learn from AAs r. 
14. how they filled up the time : 
Thefi all continued with one aec9rd 
kk prayer and Jiipblicationf vf'uh the 
wo mem ^ and Mary the mother of 
Jefm vkh hU hrethren. In this 
way they waxed valiant to fight. 
A few days after, they weref not 
afraid to tell the cnicifiersof Chrift, 
that Aev had killed the prince of 
Bje, 'thtf ftood op agiinft all 
Ae power of the Jews and were 
not afrakL They had committed 
Aeir cavfe to God and they were 
cottSdent. In anfwer to prayer 
tike SpMt oF God was poured otxt, 
InA converts were multiplied. 
This increafed the cloud ofincenfe, 
which daily afcended to heaven .f 
Mow die Chrifttaa army, though 
iinlli wasftrong. Their enenfiies 
had the greateft number of rulers, 
learned men and foldiers on their 
fide-— they had the jaih, dun- 
geons and (locks on their fide : 
oat the Chriftians had all the hvey 
tStbe trttth and all the prgyer on 
4cftr fide. Therefore the woi*d of 
God grew, and muhiiJicd ngainft 
iR the threats and punifhmcnts, 
wUch were made u(e of by the en- 
Vnief of d)c crofs. 

There is nn extraordinary in- 
Rattce of the efficacy of prayer 
recorde d in the 1 2th chapter of 
AAb. Herod killed James : 
And becaufe he faw it picafed the 
Je«»,- he proceeded furdier to take 

* PCibn xxzv. and Hcb. x. X3. 
t AAi il 4it 46. AAf AV. >f . A^t 
* 4. 

Vol. 1L No. 7. £ 

Peter alfo. He confined hira in 
prifon, and furrounded him with a 
f>rong guard, with a defign after 
Eafter to bring him forth to exe- 
cution. " Peter therefore was 
kept in prifon ; But prayer was 
rliade Without ceafin^ of the church 
imto Grod for him." This was all 
the church could do for* that dear 
apodlc, for whofe fiike many of 
them would, ho doubt, gladly 
have laid down their own lives, if 
this conid have fefcned his more 
nfefiil life. Thefy would not have 
gone to break 0^ the prifon, by 
force, if they could have done it, 
becaofe thb would be walking dif- 
orderly. 7*hey probably couM 
not have acccfe to rlcrod— ^if they 
could, dieir prayers would havt 
had no influence upon a man fo 
void of principle. What then 
flioutd they do i Should they fit 
down in delpair, and fay there was 
no hope ? Thcv knew that all 
things were poifible with God ; 
and that he had faid, ** Call upon 
me in the day of trouble : I will 
deliver thee and thou (halt glorify 
me.'* This was a day of trouble, 
and they did call upon God. Th^ 
efficacy of prayer was now tried. 
The whole church at Jerufafenl, 
which was now large, was deeply 
engaged -in this duty They did 
not pray once and then give out— 
they prayed without ceaGng, like 
true ions of JfroeU They were 
not difcouraged becaufc they did 
not fee their peution immediately 
granted ; they did not mean to 
leave the throne of grace, while 
there was any hope. God, in his 
wifdom, deferred to anfwer their 
requeft until the laft extremity, 
not becaufe he did not hear them 
before, but becaufe he would 
bring them to the higheft pitch of 
holy importunity ; which was the 
beft way to promote his glory and 
their taspptofiU* TVi&iM(iskeciX\A.^ 

On PrajtT. 

DOW alnioll urivci), «bm wick- 
ed Hi3«l exfiCftel 10 ciTit>nK his 
bamb in the blood of the apofUc 
The rery r.exi mornirg he wat to 
be brought forth to the people. It 
lecmi Peicr wu not greuif dtf- 
tredeii about the event of (he oesl 
d4y ! " The fime oight Peter WM 
il»e[>iog between two ioMien, 
b'.iuml with two chairif." " So 
he gircih hitbcloTed lleep." Thii 
*ii iht Lord'i helping time, Pe- 
Ut wu dcliicrcd from the )>rifQD, 
b/ the mioiHry of >" holy angel. 
After (he angel kfi him, be umc 
lo the houfe of Maiy, vrirrt ma- 
aj vierr gaiherid Itgctber pmying. 
How evi<lcntly this delivenoce 
wai in anfwer to prayer. Pel* 
hid conjiofed hirofelf to llcep 
but it fcemi hit friend* had flcpt 
rone that night. There wercnwnj;, 
u'bo had gathered logrthertojiiay. 
.It appears, ihit, like Jacob on an- 


vhtdi they needed PmJ wtito 
ihiw to the Corinihianj i " Wh» 
(i. e. Cod) delivered » frav 1b 
great i death, and doth dclncr | 
in whom we trufi that he will jA 
deliver ^xi ; yea al/e Mfrng, t^gA- 
tr tj frajtr for US." Had we I 
hiffory (>f >" tl>e vidoricl, wfaidi 
prayer haa gained ; and of all ihc 
Hc£n^, which have been bcAov- 
ed to aafwer to pnyer, " the world 
liSeM could not coouia the booh 
vhicb mould be written." B« 
thefc are written, that we m»J b» 
licve that Jehovah liaih never (a& 
unto US, *■ Seek ye me in vtia." 

Perhapa, Ibmc oiay think, ^m 
this efiay i* calculated ta tnn^ 
doun other Ctirlilian dutiei ud 
gracious e>.crcifeh by nukiag eve- 
ry thing oi prayer This is ocx 
reply : Prayer wa bcfieve to be a 
preeminent duty ; but by do raoat 
ly duty incumbent apoo ■)■ 


On pHqtf» 


^yed much as well as believed 
iiQch. The apoftle's fubjeA then 
ed him to diftinguifh them by their 
^mtbt inflead of their prayer. But 
tt it always be remembered that 
le* who belieres with all his heart, 
irays too. 

Some may alfo think, that in 
his eflky, prayer has been made to 
ifurp the place of the Almighty. 
Let nothing, which has been (aid, 
x lb conftrued zs to take away any 
tlory from God ; or keep him out 
>f bght» as tlie great All in Ail. 
U is to his honor, that he is a pray- 
er-hearing God. He docs not do 
lay thing, in anlwer to prayer, 
vhich his wifdom and benevolence 
lo not lead him to choofe to bring 
:o pais : Yet he always anfwers 
the prayer of faith. Here let it 
»e remembered, that it is God, 
vho fxcltes as well as anftvert pray- 
sr. He pours out a fpirit of grace 
lad fiipplication. The fplrit help- 
eth our infirmities ; for we know 
Dot what we (hould pray for as we 
nght : but the Spirit maketb inter* 
ttfm for the faints according to the 
mnU rf GoJ» It was the will of 
God to deliver Peter out of the 
hand of Herod ; therefore he fent 
Us Holy Spirit remarkably to (lir 
ip the minds of the church to pray 
for his deliverance. Does not 
Godf evidently, appear more glo- 
riooSf in bringing about his deiiv- 
y in anfwcr to the united 
of fo many of his dear chil- 
iltXiw than if he had brought it 
•bout without their interceding 
cries ? The fame almighty Angel, 
vho wrenied with Jacob, and (aid 
(0 himy " Let me go," fccretly 
Breogthened him to keep his hold, 
lad encouraged him to fay, ** I 
vill not let thee go except thou 
hie& flse." He defigncd to Ucfs 
faoob s bat it was mod for his 
mrn glory and for Jacob's^ goo<), 
ta he ihould vmdlc hard for the 

blefllngbeforeheobtaiaed it. God 
is brought clearly into view, whela 
he is confidered as the great agentt 
who produces in the heartaofhis chil- 
dren a fpirit of prayer, and every 
thing elfe which i^good. This efTay 
upon the peculiar advantages which 
Chriftians derive from prayer, in 
combating their enemies, will lead 
to feveral ufeful inferences. 

1 . We learn why there arc fuch 
preffing exhortations to the duty 
of prayer, fcattered all over the 
bible. Pray for the peace of Je- 
rufalem* — ^Ye that make mention 
of the Lord, keep not filence and 
give him no reftf — Men ought al- 
ways to pray and not to faint^--^- 
Pray widiout ceafing^— Continu*> 
ing in flan t in prayer || — Call upon 
me fn the day of trouble f — Pour 
out your heart before him** — Be 
careful for nothing ; but in every 
thing, by prayer and fapp]i<»tion« 
with thanklgiving, let your requeds 
be made known unto God.f f If 
prayer be the Cbri/!ian*i weapon^ if 
it has been fo effe^al as we have 
recounted, it is no wonder that we 
are (b preffingly urged to make a 
conftant ufe of it. 

2. In view of what has been 
brought forward to (how the prcv- 
alency of prayer, we can fee why 
the hopes of God's people, refpec- 
ting Zion are revived, when they 
difcover an incrcafe of tlie fpirit 
of prayer. The more they fee 
the Chridian army uling this all^ 
conquering tveaponf the more they 
have reafon to hope, to fee them 
foon gain fome glorious viftory 
over the powers of darkncfs. The 
powers uf darknefs flee before a 
little company of praying ones. 

** And Satao trembles vrhen he fees 
The weakcft faint upon his knees.'* 

* Pfalm cxxii. 6. f Kaiah IiiL 6, 7. 
fLuke zviii. x. § i I'hcf. ▼. 17. 
: fl Rom. xii. 11. f Pfal. I. x j. •* PlaL 
; Ixii. g. tt PhU. iv. 6. 


Do Prajir. 


deoce thlt his chuj-ch arc fivortd 
with U) imcomcnon degiee of hum- 
ble, and porferering prayer, He i» 
apt to conclude, that he is about 
JO fte fomc fuccefs of his miaiilry, 
Ui the converfion of Gnners : AjM 
if prayer be fo prevalent, as we 
ha»e feea it to be, he has fiane- 
thing from which to draw ibii fa- 
vorable coQcIulioc. He ought 
not on this account to be viewed at 
an enthtifiaft. The holy one of 
Ifrael has faid, " As fooc at Zioa 
travailed (he brou^htfonh lier chil- 
4ren." Is not trvcnt prayer aa 
important part of the travajliog 
pangs of ZioB ? 

3, Wc are taught by diisfuhjefl, 
that it Is altogether (uitablc. that 
in times of extraordinary didicnlty 
and danger, the peajile of God 
Ihould hare lecourfe to extraordi- 
nary prayer. It is their peculiar 
weapon ; md Hiaiild they not 

cd with a total dcflia&aa, Mw- 
decai and Eflher and othen af 
their oatioD, who dwell at ShaAut 
devoted thrie days, u ooc^ u 
falling aiid prayer. When PfW 
waa in prifon, the church h»d Cf- 
traordiDiry prayer, on his bchtit 
I) there not a call for extiaoiilaai-' 
ry prayer ai this time Ms not io- 
fidelity exerting every netre la 
cruih the cauie of ChriD \ AsJ 
has it D0( made the moll alarauf 
pro^rclji ■ Infidels »ic coinbiiUD| 
together to fjircad their poi&O 
around the world. And /Uallmn 
Chriftians unite in defence of tla 
truth? It is not enough that ik 
publilh books in defence of Cfanf- 
tianity. We niuft let them fce 
thif holy reLigion in our very tx- 
etnplary lives. IVe mn/l luali evn 
ai Chrifi v/aHed. We mud alio 
be abundant io prayer. Hue ii 
the way that Chrifliani mud over- 
come infidels. Infidels, fome of 





•nd ipread the fweec favour of his 
name through the uorld ! Prayer- 
ncetiogs, and explicit cooccrt in 
pnyer are things highly becoming 
the dmrch of a prayer- htariog 
God. This nuttci is fet in a 
dear point of light in Prefident 
£d wards* " Humble Attempt to 
promote explicit agreement and 
TifiUe union of God's people in 
extraordinary payer for the rcvi- 
mvl of reiigioni" &c. Every Chrif 
tian ouglu to read this book. If 
payer is fuch an all- important 
mean ia advancing the kingdom of 
cfae Redecracr* v^hy is it not fuit- 
able that the fubjcAs of this king- 
dom ihould take great pains to flir 
one another up to this duty — and 
liai it not been foundj by experi- 
ence* that explicit .-igreement has 
greatly iocreafcd the fpirit of pray- 
er ? In many places fuch explicit 
agrcerocoty between afcwChrifiian 
iineadSf has iiTucd in a general re- 
vival of religion. 

Some thinU it wrong to take 
aay part of the fix laboring days 
lA attend upon prayer-meetings. 
Did EAher and MorJecai think 
tfi^ when they failed tlircc days 
ia iocceffion I Did the difciples of 
Ciinli tliink (by when they from 
day to day continued in prayers 
and fupplicadons jstfl before that 
remarksrble out-pouring of the Spir- 
it on the day of j^entccoft ? There 
are ethers, who are greatly preju- 
diced agaioft ni^ht-meetings for 
* prayer. I hope fi:ch will not think 
k wrong to take c\ en ths whole 
aight, on extraordinary occaficns, 
for (ccret prayer ; fince we have 
tlie example of the patriarch Ja- 
coby and the more eminent one of 
JcfuB Chriil. Jacob pr.i^'ed all 
aightf and had his name on this 
account ch^ng^.-d into Ifrae! (one 
that hath obtained a princely pow- 
tr from God). Here it an eter- 
nal mark of huooTj put upon this 

holy Wreftler, who, by faith, kept 
his held of the Angel, through ^ 
the darknefs of the night Let the 
name of ffrael keep us from being 
afhamed of fuch extraordinary de- 
votions. If this be not enough, 
let us remember, it is recorded of 
our blefled Lord, that he went out 
into a mountain to pray and cos- 
tinued all night in prayer to God. 
Tliefe, it is acknowledged, are in- 
(lances of fecret devotion ; but 
night meetings for prayer are not 
new things. There was certainly 
fuch a meeting that night, in which 
Peter was delivered from prifon. 
And it feems that God was not 
difpleafcd with tliem for fpending 
tiie night in this way, tho ** many 
were gathered together, praying." 
Probably if Peter had come to 
this lioufe tlie night before, he 
would have found the fame com- 
pany, employed in the fame holy 
exerclfe , for "prayer was made 
of the chutch, witlcut rctrfingf 
unto God for him.*' 

I would not dilate to my breth- 
ren, hut would join with the 
preacher, rcftrrtd to in the begin- 
ning* of thi^.. cfTay, in fuggcfting, 
v/hethcr it b-J not expedient for the 
peo| Ic of Cod to take foine cf- 
fc^uai me alii res to promote a fpir- 
it of prayer, Ly a more general 
upaI explicit agreemoAt for diis pur- 
pofc. Let us ail pi ay for direc- 
tion in this matter— ^ct us pray, 
thM God would pour out a fpirit 
cf grace and fupplication, and re- 
vive his work in t!ic midfl of thefc 
years of decienhon, and appear 
in his glory ! 

" What vTirious hincVances wc meet, 

In comicg to a mercy feat ? 

Yet vvho that ■kaov.s the worth of 

But wilhcs to be often there f 

" PrayV makes the darkeo'd cloTid 
withdraw ; 

Rnival efReSpit t« CramiSe. 


CiTt><9Kr:)& toftitkaBd lore. ' 
Zrinp tr'rj UcQing [rom above 
■■ ReOninrDg ptij'r w( cnfc to fig^l; 
Pri;'r nuko the CKrLAiin'i irmow 

" HiTf JOB no wordi* Al« iMjik 


Woitli (law •paiewben tPn camplain. 
And GU your fcUew-cmturc'i tu 
T\'i[h iht fad tilc of ill your cue. 
" Werf h«lf tb« biotti ihui inaJj 

To hfly'n in fiippiiciliniit Irnt, 
Tout £h«(fiil fong woiUd oft-ntr W, 
Htii whw the Lord h»i done for tat" 

NoTt. The PuWilhifiK Ccminlttre 
mt lhi> mifuim, unpcrlTed i^ith th< , 
iBlF^'^'f "f '*•» dwy of citriordim- 
ry prajcr, ai itraTC incsicitKl. i*kc 
rhe liberty id TKonuncDil to ihrir A»- 

• ...™.. ™. .- — prrr*' for <hf oot- 
poyrjjigof Iht diTinc fpitit. Tht Com- 
— ■ oould not Ffcfufc •<> difl' 

whieli you ire tt liberty to poUifb 
if you plnfe. 

WITHIN half a ctaHaty 
pad ihere have been thiee 
fcafoni of uacommoQ attentioD ca 
religion ia thit place : Afld zi oth- 
er times, individaal< have ben 
awakeoed aod bopcfully rvnewoL 
This people hive enjoyed a more 
than common (haie of the cflu£oni 
] of the Spirit, and have beeti mocib 
difpofed to coovcife upon cxpcri» 
mental reti^oo. The necdSty of 
the new birth hat been taught by 
parcBU to their childieai and very 
feV) if any. bavc denied this im. 
ponant dodtioe. 

For a few raontht pteiiout ts 
ihelite reciral, it watatimcofve- 
ry great ftupidiiy. The wife aod 
the fooliJh Cumbered loeetfacT- 
Our youth had become mudi ad- 
dicted to finful direi^noDi. la ooe 
of their fcencs of amufcnieiitt God 
was pleafcd to frown upon them 


Revival of Ril'ghn In Granville^ 


In the iprtng of the year 1 798, 
profeflbrs were inuch awakened, 
and ardently defired a revival of 
religion. Chriftian parents were 
anxious for their children ; and it 
was common to hear pious people 
in converfation» breathing out their 
earnefi defiresforthe effuHonsof the 
Spirit. There was a vifible eoga- 
fednefiamongpiofeflbrs ; andmany 
fike Simeon oiF old, were '^ waiting 
§ar the confolatton of Ifrael." 

I iavxted a narober of the youth 
ioto my Audy, and' utged upon 
them the necefEty of the ** One 
tlung needful." This was a very 
Iblemn meeting, and will probably 
be long renumbered by fome who 
were prefent. 

Oo the fecond fabbath in June, 
a Tcryplain fermon was preached 
lirora £zek. xxxvii. 3. which was 
blefled to the awakening of a num- 
ber of fecure finncrs. In the evening 
a conference was attended* which 
esthibited evident marks of unufu- 
al ferioufoefs. The next fabbath 
efeoing a conference was attended, 
and many appeared to feel the 
veight of truth at heart. The 
aext Tnefday a number of young 
people met for a civil viiit, and the 
vioiiD was introduced, which io- 
Aead of producing the ufual hilari- 
qff occafiooed a flood of tears. 
The work of the Spirit, which 
had been for feveral days concealed 
•0 the heart, now burfl forth, it 
conld be no longer concealed. It 
was found that numbers had for 
Ibnic time felt a very fcrious con- 
cern for their future well being, 
and thought they were alone in it ; 
being ignorant of the feelings and 
rcfblutions of others. Two young 
perfbns, who had been very ac- 
me in the follies of youth, mutu- 
ally A£*%^ to begin a new life, 
fittle tufpeding that a number of 
dieir companions had fecretly 

frnaedthe fame rcfoluuoa. 

The glorious work fpread with 
furprilxn^ rapidity through the pa- 
ri(h. ^ There was all of a fudden, 
a noifc among the dry boues. 
ChriAiana were animated, finncrs 
were awakened, and fcoflers were 
ftruck Ulent, at the powerful workof 
the Almighty. There were but very 
few, whether old or young, who did 
not experience fomc ierious alarms. 
It was truly a remarkable fcafon 
with us, and the mofi aged had 
never witneiTed the like be&re. I 
(hall give the reader an iroperfeA 
idea of that furprifing change, from 
apparent thoughtleflbcfs, to uni- 
verfal alarm, which took place 
within two or three weeks. Thofe 
who were not atfirft truly con vifled, 
were folemnized at what they faw 
in others, and afterwards became 
the fubjedls of genuine convidlions. 

The next nbbath, the a£cmbly 
appeared almoft as fbleran, as if that 
day were to dofe dieir earthly cx- 
idence. The aflembly, tho' crowd- 
ed, was almoft as (till as the burying- 
ground. Our meetings were dif- 
tingui(hed for a (till, folcmn, liden- 
ing attention to the word, and the 
the audience hung upon the lips of 
of the fpcaker, as if they realized 
that their all foreternitywasat (lake. 

The rapidity of th:: work mu(t 
be afcribed primarily to the all- 
conquering influences of the Ho- 
ly Spirit. But it is worthy of no- 
tice that moft of the inhabitants of 
this place, are dtfcendants of five 
or (ix families. There is confe- 
cjucotly a great degree of friend- 
(hip, and intimacy among them, 
aud a (Inking fimilarity in their 
feelings, manners and ientiments. 
Thofe who were fir(l imprefled, 
communicated their fieelings and 
refolutions to their relatives of a 
dmilar age, and urged them to 
join with them in living a new lifc^ 
Thefc private warnings 'ww^ -^ 

liei-mil «f fitfrw:aw m CmvUt. 


under conriiltOTii wct»M follow! ; 

They Mi<:iJurBp-d themftlTM 

[Jut bv a few v'«ki' ferionfref* 

tail di)igc»e« in du'.Ks, ik«Tl1ioiild 

ibrmfthtt far rrgeturjiiu. 

After r>erfe«ii«g for a while in 
tbde exicrml dcinrii ihey thought 
(heir prayera tnA eric* had been 
itilficienc lo prerail wnh God »o 

CKV. Thryf>cretIyfoflnd 
tide with God toe with-holrirns 

e. Tht- h<ejrt jri ff ajimft 
tfivnte foTtrcigrcy. Some iho'l 
luA of God fof i^'ft^f, contfon 
o other;, «!i<lc he denied it to 
hero. 'I'll: cnmiiy of the h<iTt 
tofe u]i, Iilie t venomous l«rpen(i 
igaioftihs .Almighty. Such ex- 
:rctfci as theft; di^overed to them 
iic toiat depraTityuf ihcir hearts. 
They felr convinced thit the gar- 
ment of fcif iightetJuftipf!. which 
fo f>l(^:iJiiia HI (lieni, covered a 

to be " tV fWef among tm Aon- 
• find, ;md ihciTfther hetly." 
Other! were Srft led to fee tkcH- 
eellenrv of iht gofptl phn iM 
'm fimcT) for linncn Othen fdt 
a happy and jayfd fiAniiffoa M 
God xt 1 (onnipi. aed wen «fl- 
lini; to be cnifTeVr m Ms fantl. 
When Cod's time had come tk 
(how rawcy, th^ir oppofiiitin «a 
Kibdued. Thry f*lt u-i^ring ta bt 
u'hothr ta the haitdi of thn God 
whn '• hath merev on whom lie 
wiil Hare m«*ey." Thff M 
nfw vie*» of Gedf of ih« Sa»- 
ioor. tf (hebiWeindofChrilhaif 
pwpfc, " OM ihiff^ were patfed 
away, behotd aJt thinip werv b^ 
come new." They f<lt • hmt 
cahnndi of mind, but in noA la- 
Dances, had not t (hoeflM nft« 
tinw of it, that what iht^ txfafU 
enced \t-ai regcnersiion. It wm 
fbmeiinies (rvcnl d:iV*, bcAR 


Remarks on i C6naib» xv.. I9« 


among us. Someef the moftgayaod 
thoaghtleft have become hopeful 
coQTertSy whiJft o^hersy who were 
more fober and moral, were pafled 
by. Some have been hopefully new 
boroy who were educated in irreli- 
giousy- prayerlefs familiesy while oth- 
ers were paiTed byy who enjoyed a 
pons education. But it muft be 
confefled thatthofc who had been re- 
ligioBfly educated, were more gene- 
nuly the fiibjedb of fpecial grace. 

Within one year after the begin- 
ning of the awakening, upwards of 
50 united with the church. Oth- 
ers have been fince added. And 
iboat 20 more, moftly young peo- 
ple, bave obtained a hope in this 
*iieafon of refrefhmcnt," and by 
aibber life they give evidence of a 
real changey but through prevailing 
doubu and diffidence have not dar- 
ed to make a public profeiEon. 
• In fome inltances alrooft whole 
ftffMlf^ lied to the ark of fafety. 
Id one fimiily I found feven or 
eighty and in others five or fix, 
who thought they could rejoice in 
God- We had the plcafing fight 
of four fillers offering themfelves to 
receive Chriflian baptifm, and unite 
witb the church. 

It is now above three years fince 
the beginning of this glorious work, 
and I can give a more ampletcfti- 
mony to its genuinenefs, than I 
could have done in months pafl. 
**By tlieir fruits ye (hall know 
ibem/' Many who received 
flight impreffions have become like 
the ** feed which fell upon (lony 
places.*' And to fomc for whom 
we enceitained a hope that they 
were renewed, " it hath happened 
aeoovding to the tnis proverb," 
a Fee ii. 22. And with great 
coacem we may conclude that 
** Their lafl flatc is worfe than 
the firfty feeinff they crucify to 
themfelves the (on of God afrefh 
agdfot him to qp^n fhaiQe." 

Wou II. No. 7. L I 

But thofe who have made a pro- 
fefEon of religion, and a number 
of others who have not prof^ed 
publicly, appear to be fledfafl and 
immovoable : And their converfa- 
tion is in a sood meafure agreeable 
to the goipel. There • may be 
" tares among the wheat," and 
** let him that thinketh heftandeth, 

* uke heed left he fs^.". Nearly 
one half who have lately become 
profeffors are in youth. They have 
cheerfully relinquifhed their for- 
mer finful amufements | and have 
often declared, that they have en- 
joyed more real happinefs in one 
religious meeting, than in all their 
paft follies and (infill mirth. They 
in general appear to be ornaments 
to their proteffion, and by their 
prefcnce at our facramental table, 
render the communion a very de- 
lightful duty. 

" The Lord hath done great 
' things for us, whereof we are 

* glad." The repentanceof a num- 
ber of ChrifUels finners in this 
place, has doubtlefs given joy to 
angels and faints above. And we 
trull that a hopeful number will 
praife God to eternity, for what 
they have experienced in this revi- 
val of religion. " The Lord 

* hath brought them up out of the 

* horrible pit, out of the miry 
' day, and fet dieir feet upon a 

* rock ; and he hath put a new 

* fong into their mouth even praife 
« to the living God." 

I am yours. Gentlemen, 
with fentiments of efteem, 
Timothy M. Cooley. 

Granville, Eaft-Society, 1 
(Ms.) Oft. 1801. 3 

Further thougbij on i Corinth, xr. 
19. iy another writer. 

To THE Editors of thb Con- 
nccticutEvamcilical Mag* 

Rnitmki «it I Cariuth. zt. I^l 


IF tilt infeTbonof 
oviring will Ilo^ pto»« the 
oa ol Ibranhing mVR 
Icafc to give it a plice 

ht bU 
ia yeo 

^™ txp9j!iUi> if I C^r. XT. 19. 

i hope in Chrift, vv 
Jl Ri«[i moft mireiabk 
neani/ig of the apoflle, in 

ve hi« 
; ar« of 

' The 

;^ify uncferDood ; but the 
uth 0/ hjj aifemoo do« iw>t lb 
ridil/ appu)'. I>Dubilcfs bb 
f iMi/Tj 19 ttiii ; If the body din, 
a more to life, mii if tbe foul 
paratc fiom the body ceafes fo 
»ill i thcD wc ca^ hope tbt ao 
uicfit trom Cbriil, but in the 
feat litE ; And tf fo, we, hii 
of all 
■orld the moft mifcrible. There 
fii wretched i fu much to 

ctenal Oe^ the; ai e «f ill bm 
the moA mifmble." ll i| xnm 
that the a]MAIe« and prnanltw 
QwiAiacH limcKd |r*^ ^lil* M 
accouDt of tbcir lebgioB. b ii 
iilfo true, tltti if then be bo £»• 
tore date of exilbnce Cliriftiaoa 
coaoot deiirc bciwAi imn Ctiii£ 
beyood thb 1(&. Bet tkM, an 
goad mcoi em the ■pnflfrtt ead 
phAiitive ChrLiiiBoa in tkv OMUel 
their hsnUhipst aorc mifenbte 
thao the mckcd f Qdm fdiyioa 
when moQ unjiopulw ntkc ut nun 
utetchcd on eutb, all tfainfi csft* 
lidered ? Have we acN a fiill caov* 
pentition in the coMloru uf t«li- 
gion for ail the facnAcst %«e nalw 
in becoming and aOinj; Ukc |oed 
men ^ If «>e hnet ih«n ito n|hL 1 

of tiu- text hu BM bi 

givce. And thdt we b»% bee- 

[lable of full proof. I may^, 

the teliimooy of geod dno. 


Rmuutt m i OtrmA. tt. 19. 


Oiar Savmr fiuth to hU diTctpies* 
Verily i iay unto you, there 
it aoOMD ibat hath left houfe, or 
bretlireDi or fftert, or fsRher» or 
aiother, or wife, vr childreoyor 
Iftndtt for my fake and the gof- 
pel'sy txit he iball receive an hciii- 
dred fbld» now io this ttoiei hoo- 
let» tad brethren, andliftdHh and 
MOCheiif and children, aid lands 
%icli perfecutiont. That is. His 
loppiaeft ftall be an hundred times 
greaicfy in this life with all his fuf- 
ftviogt, than if he ftiil poflefled 
thile firarcet of enjoyment firee 
from pcffecutioB, and remained a 
Ainer* Since the comforts of re- 
Kgioii make amends for all worldly 
facrifioes^ and the good, tho* poor, 
affli6^ed and perfecuted 
k hq>pier than the wicked, 
thoaghhe be rich, wife and great ; 
I iay» fioce this is tlic cafe, it ap- 
y^ars that we have not put the 
krMlt cofifimfbion upon the text. 
t nail, therefore, venture to give 
• dHfierent meaning. 

In order for this, we will con- 
Utr iKe feelings of the good man 
towards God, Chrift and the holy 
Ibcielyof heaven. 

The ChrifHan loves God. He 
derivtspleafmt: from the contem- 
pfation of his adorable and lovely 
fgfcai ons. The words of the 
P Mm ift he can make his own : 
Whom have I in heaven but 
and there is none upon 
I defire beCdes thee. All 
God'a attributes q4>ear to him 
tamonious, and (uch is their glo- 
fy as to ravifh his foul. Thefe at- 
tnbotes as exhibited in the divine 
lav, afford him matter of delight- 
lid meditation. O, how love I 
tfliy hw. Great £itisfadlion ac- 
eraet to the fiunt from contempla- 
fng die government of God in 
which HI lus perfedlions are em- 
pbycd. The Ton of God largely 
Hvea m the aft^KoD of the Chiif- 

tian. Hb charader comprizes all 
that is moraily excellent, being 
the brightaefs of the Father's glo- 
ry and the exprefs image of his 
pcrfoo* He is confidered as the 
way, the truth and the lift. The 
beiieter can fay of him, Whom 
having not Icen, I love 1 io whom, 
thonghflowl fee him not, yet be- 
hcving, I rejoice with joy on^ak- 
able, and full of gl^. Chriftt 
in his peribn and ofices and io hts 
relation to the believer is acoonhted 
precious and altogether afluaUe. 
The good man loves the fcrvioe 
of his Maker, He afpires after 
no greater felicity than to enjoy, 
lerve and glorify God without in- 
terruption and the hindrance of 
finful imperfe^ons. By fome 
fbretaftcs of heaven, he has learnt 
what fublime enjoyment and treaf- 
ares of good remain for the Chrif- 
tian. No obje6t can he fo highly 
prize as God, no employment can 
be fo pleaiing as his fervice, no fo- 
ciety Io agreeable as the fociety of 
heaven and no fiibje6ls fo delight- 
ful as divine fabjeds. All thefe 
will continue forever, yielding him 
confummate & unfailing happinefs. 
Allowing tliefe to be (he feelings 
and views of the good man, whidi 
I prefume no one will queflion, 
what muft be the (hite of his mind 
were death to dofe his exiftence ? 
Imagine the faint, fully imprefled 
with the idea, that he (hould foon 
ceafe to be, and yet having lively 
views of the glory of God's charac- 
ter, of the lovelinefs and worth of 
Chrifl and the beauties of holinefs ; 
and how wretched mud he be ! 
Here is his treafurc, fomething he 
prizes above every thing elfe, fome- 
thing on which he cannot place a 
value equal to its worth, which 
can make him completely and for- 
ever happy ; but he mnft rclinquifh 
all hopes of enjoying it. Whnt 
thought mtwe uT\^8it\c«roR\ NR^a 

Lmtrfrtm a F^Atr U tit ^m. 



mW God, 

1 hii belov- 
1 think of 

cuielllii* loTi I How rouia lie 
endure ihe wounding reflcflion of 
bring forcvet denied » patticipauoB 
o( thai tublime happincl'i of which 
hi* tJiiled > Such tcatfl'"" 
__j(l raiLs of all men r. 
roirerablc. He could nut eni 
ihe thought of prdng 
of being fcpmtcd fro 
ed Savior and ncTer 
their pcrfcilions — tier 
lore, ferve iriJrnjoy them. "O 
wicicbcd m»n tliit i am I it this 
be true— if I niuH ceslt to think, 
ce»fe tu love joJ ct'ifc to enjoy by 
ceafmg to exill ! How c^n I be 
fepiiatcd Irom the objt:;! of my 
lore— jrom the only f^iiislying good 
in the univcrfc ! PjinluJ ll.iiught, 
that I muli ctjfc to be and lofc 
fuch a trcafure ti Gi'-d ! The be- 
of thii, kills all my comfotti, 
-uh'lms my f.-ul wjih giicf 
icrden m^oj all inn mtfimij- 

I perience of old age, ud die »- 

lliaining hand of akiadpimidcBGe, 
to avoid all the wayi tba lead 
down to difgrace and ruin. Wltea 
I I look bjck on ny own lite, and 
I the period whcD I began lo ad 

for myfeif was doi lligniatized 

with the error and difiipatiao the 
, prefent a, L tlunk it almoll mirac- 
I uloti!, and it certainly was owbg 

to nothing but chat kind proTidence 
I which hu always proteficd ine, 
' thai I efciped thofc ways which 
' are ruinoiu to oar ufeiii)De& and 

comfort here, and oof happioeb 

heteatier. HaTing been young 
' niyfclf, and experienced all tbc 
I feeling) incident to ytnu- age, my 

oblcrTattuns will have the greater 
' weight on your miod, efpeciaUy 
' they will be received as a kind ef- 

fott of an anuoui and afitAionaie , 



Letter from a^Faiher /» bU Son. 


chreAd of lifii over' the abjfs of de- 
firuftioD. Confidcring thisofvaft 
and infinite importance* I think it 
well to put you in mind of it in 
this place. Hereafter I Aiall 
write more fully on the fubje(5l. 
AH my obfervations on dodrin;d 
fubjedts, you may confider will 
profit you nothing without this, 
nay> as thev enlighten your mind, 
your oppohtion of heart will be 
more heinous in the fight of God, 
and your foul will be prepared for 
greater niifery. 

You have come into a^ivc life 
in an age in which the holy word 
of God it denied. Many who 
do not deny its heavenly origin, 
diftcUeveits fundamental doctrines, 
and do not practifw* agreeable to 
its ficred requirements. There 
is great danger, therefore, that 
you will hefitate re (peeing the di- 
vine inipiration of the fcriptures, if 
not pofitivefy deny it, and that if 
you receive the fcriptures as the 
word of God 9 your dodtrinal be- 
lief will be erroneous, and incon- 
(Uleat. You will therefore attend 
diligently to the feeble effort of a 
Father to inflru^fl you into the great 
do&ines of Chiillianity. 

Tbe fandameiital doiltrir.c of rc- 
ligion is tlie exiilcnce of a God, 
who created us, the woiKI in 
which we live, and all the things 
in it. This is the bottom-done 
wUcb fupports the whole rciigious 
fuperllruAiire. ricncc die Athcitl, 
didiking the lyilji.i oi truths re- 
vealed in nature, and the word of 
Gody and feeing he mult hciieve 
them if there be a God, iirikes at 
the rootf and denies die exillence 
of any Gud. You doubtkfs will 
liear much iiiid on diis fubjc^. It 
will be Liii, There is nu God : 
1 his worM, and ail in it Cv)me in- 
to exigence by ciiance, or by feme 
way, bcfiJc by a fclf-exiilent, e- 
teraal, uncreated God. 1 wilh 

you to attend, my - Son, to the 
following chain of arguments on 
this imporunt fubjcdt, and let it ev- 
er fortify your mind ^^ainll any 
attempt to eftablifh you on errone- 
ous and Atheidical principles. 

I cannot conceive, and I appeal 
to you, my Son, and to the moft 
cifabliflied Athcid, if you, or he 
can conceive of any other way for 
tJie exillence of ourfelves, the 
world, and all things in it befide 
tlitfe. They niuft have been cre- 
ated by chance, by their own cre- 
ative power, by fome finite being, 
or they arc eternal and never were 
created, or they were created by 
an uncreated God. Thefe I will 
take up in order. 

In this world and the things in 
it we difcover perfcdl order, and 
regularity. Search into the foima- 
tion of men. Extend your views 
to the great planetary fyftem, of 
which this earth is a part. View 
all the parts and a]i()endages of thb 
world. See the various move- 
ments of the whole, and fay, if 
there be not fyflem and order dif- 
covcrable, and fay, my Son, if theie 
be conftflcnt with chance. You 
arcpofrcffcd of rational powers fuf- 
ficient to fhow you tlkt the very 
idea cf chance excludes that of 
order rtFid fviicni. If wc believe 
thefe things created thcn'.fdvcs, 
we dial I be in\idved in this evi- 
dent Lbfurdlty that that which is 
not, c;in create. A being that 
crciitcsl.indllf mud cxerciic ciea- 
tive power before he cxifls. I pre- 
fume your convicfiion of this ab- 
fu rdity m;kkcs it unneccfT.iry for 
me to fliy more. 

You will eadly fee that thefe 
ihinj',s were not created by any fi- 
nite being. This being mud have 
l>een crcurcd jaadwccinnotlxlicve 
him to !i;ivelKen cicatcd by chance, 
or by himfelf,withour involving our- 
f^lvvi Ir. tl\c cfcrx'c vj^i"v>M^\\\t^, 

And wbien any will (hew the 
hiltory of an iBicrminible line of 
ruional beingi, and produce the 
iinpro*emefit which we may rea- 
imably expeft fromtbem ; when 
tbey will convince iny cmndid 
tnhid that there »re not in the world 
itTelf, evidcncet of '»% leaving a 
beginDJag, and of itscomiagto an 
«nd (here will be reafonable gronnd 
to doobt the cxiJlence of a God. 
We have no hiilrirv exiending 
fanher back than about fix thou- 
fatd years. The moil ancient of 
tfais is quite brief, and in fomc in- 
ftinces obfcure. Would there not 
be 1 longer line of hiftory, would 
there not hire been able hrftoriani 
thoufiods and ihoiifand! of years 
■L^, if tiie world were eicrnali 
whoft hiftories wc Ihniid now have 
free from ail brerity »nd oUirurity ? 
Would ibere not hare been greater 
improvttnent than there is i Oi 

unnfements ind diiEpMed pletlureti 
whkh are but too common in the 
moft of our towos, perbap«, it 
will n(K be unacceptable to ihc re- 
al friends of religion, to trace tht 
unhappy cffiSs of fuch fccDM of 
dilEpation upon the heart, in rev- 
daring it cold, and uomindful of 
the fweet duties of ferv«iit den- 
tion and bmerolencc, and in d«- 
ptfting in the countenance fuch foJ- 
liei and noities, as plainly Ihov 
ihc prevailing inSucnce of Go- 
DifBpatioo and religion can aenr 
dwell long together ; for he, wha 
negleSs hi; liea.rt, will confequeet' 
ly oeglefl bis fectei prayers, and 
fooD obIiteta.te the foul-deltghtiDg 
remembrance of his God Re- 
tirement and dcTotioD eaGly mia- 
gle 4eir joys { and the Chrilban 
in hit clafet,away from tlieentang- 
ling fnares of a dclafive world, 
of faJtb, and, 

ReHgiou* hulBgence. 


gioDing of rpring (he 
her country-feat> her 
and tlie table on which 
ly. Again (he had the 
her handy and again 
If in the glafs. She 
Cf put down the can- 
ated to a fofa» and fell 
Ks: '' O Godl I no 
3W ray own face. How 
,raded ! My follies and 
le all written in my 
ice. Wherefore have 
ne^ededy illegible^ to 
It ? O come and expeU 
utterly efface them, mild 
yy fweet devotion^ and 
; cares of benevoJent 

)us IntelUgence. 

a litter from one of 
eOicttt Miffionariaf da- 

KStSTOiTN^ 08. 20, 1 8o I . 


ndties which attend my 

bnfinefsy I find myfeLf 

nd encouraged, by con- 

le excellency of the 

i all-feeing eye of that 

: cauie it is,~-and that 

and prayers of all 

iriends attend me and 

in my fuccefs. The 

Lo I am with you al- 

unto the end of the 

extenfive and anima- 

i Miifionarles may plead 

felvesy and the people of 

Jead it for them. I hope 

thful as to (hare a part 

'oraife, tho' unworthy 

Eng contained in it. 

e already vilited^ in my 

tour, many fettlemcnts 

nties of Delaware and 

id have uniformly found 

ndly reception among 

where I have labored ; 

readincfs to hear the 

word, and in many places a flroag 
defire after fpiritual nourifhsiettt* 
Could the good people of Cos* 
nedicut behold the attention, tbo 
gratitude and the joy exprcflibd 'u% 
the countenances and language of 
tliofe who aflemble to hear (er* 
mons and religious converfatiooi 
theywoakliMt confider their an* 
nual coairibiilioDS aft money fpenK 
in vain. In many places which !• 
have vifited, where tht attentioa 
was fpccial the lafl year, I hiw 
found great engagednefs in tdigion* 
The fentiment is often exprefled 
by the people whom I have vifited, 
and expreffed ^vith every mark of 
gratitude, * diat the MiiEonary bo* 
unefs is the mod benevolent and 
glorious that was ever undertakoi 
in Amenca.' May the Lord ffsrt 
me grace to be faithful." 


The 'Bjty.JiremiahHallock lately 
returned from a mifSon of 4 months 
to the upper part of Vermont. 

The beginning of December, 
Mr. Hexeklah May returned from 
a miilion of a few weeks to the wef« 
tern counties of New- York. 

About the 20th December, Mr. 
Jamss W. WcnJward entered on 
a miilion to Black River and parts 
adjacent. And about the fame 
time, it is fuppofed the Rev. Soh' 
man Morgan commenced a miificn'- 
ary tour of a few weeks to the nor- 
thern counties in Vermont. 

AH the Mii&onarics conunue to 
write that the call for miflionary 
labors is great, and that in many 
places they havereafento hope their 
labors arc attended with a divine 


On Wcdnefday December aad, 

1 8c I , the Rev. Andrew Yates was 

ordained as colleague paitor with 

die Rev. Eliphalet Williams,D. D. 

' of Eaa-HaxAnA, T\ift ^«jw- 


Walter King of Norwich made 
the introdoflory prayer ; the Rtv. 
Doctor I3;iaa oi ' New-Hiveo 
pre:ii:licd the fjinr-n j the Rev. 
Doftor Ptr! t.'t'H;ir:ford made 
the CO nfi- erasing. ]>rjytr ; th= ReT. 
John Matlh ci' Weiherbiield give 
the durgc : the Rct. William 
Liocku/ood of Gl3.[)enbury gare 
the nght hand of feliowfliip : and 
the Rev. Heoty A. Roui^nd of 
Windfor made (he cancladjng 


Hcff'n. EniTois, 

IF the following hynuu, writica 
mdo bodily wcaknefi. fhall be t' u'c 
wMthf 1 pUcE in four invf 1ui!)l£ Mig- 
Aw, [hey will pCTfupt, if my life be 
fpned, be i prtlpde lo other amunn- 
niutioDi. Youn, ELPIZON. 

Help me, OLorJ, tovatch mdpn 
Nor kl me from (hy prcccptt fcay : 
But guiii.: c.e in the hc^v'nly laad. 
To iliine chrnil, bUfi abodt. 

X Are migiity m iht eirth ; 

The ^inevard ri tiir L-jrd 

|j ftinlfrcim dil'ml dfsrtli* j. -_ 

For finnm feu, ,u 

Thjt (Ircadfa! hour. ?, 

WhtaGod, inpowr. "' 

Shall VJI them neJr. " ^ 

The fsinti in elorioui Hits, J 

Rtdeemed of the Laiub, ^ 

And acgeli ipprdbitc. ' ' 

Who ever pnife hit w»t, "* 

Tbat wi&d'rinE foub ^g 

Approach the fuhU - jj 

Of Ch^iill)lciiKil.g- 
CIQ iboTf, who kong'uig ri;jl 
To fte iheir Jucl(^ tIcl;ei.'J, 
PuiTcit untbaniify brc^h 
To [ce thvir friend anucd, 

Their Saviour blcfi. 

i u ■ 

gfa . t SB— 


Connedlicut Evangelical Magazine, 


Vol. II.] 

FEBRUARY, 1802. 

[No. 8. 

Jtttempii to prGpavate the gofpcl 
amm» the Inehans in IseW' 
£mgmd and parti adjacent. 

7o THE Editors of the Con- 



IT is propoicd to publish, in a 
feries of DiMtibers, in your val- 
uable Magazine* as far zz ncccfTi- 
Sdocmnents can be colltd'tcdi An 
iAorical Account of tlic at- 
tempts made in former, and ftic- 
ceeding times, to propay,.itc the 
^ofpel among the Indians in Ne\^'- 
Eagltndy and parts ^idjacciit, or 
not very remote — Of the fucccfs 
'Vhich has attended the endeavors 
4lf the MiiEonaries among many of 
^te tribes^ together with ihc want 
4lf fuccefs anion;; others ; v.'ith 
loineyat leafl,of the probable cii- 
l et T httlhiteuf the Chriii:ur.i::ed 
diarchesy and congregations, in 
Tarious periods 1 as far as can be 
aicembed, from the foundation 
of the firft of them, about the 
■iddle of the feventecnth century, 
down to the prefent day. 

To which may be fubjointd, 
thoug6^ ii|Bn ciyiliziog the 

Vol. II. MSPS. 

heathen, in connexion with gofpel- 
izing them. 

The hlAof ical part will be abrid- 
ged and compiled from various 
publications done by writers of in- 
f«rmation and ability ; and exhib- 
ited, as far as mny be pradlicable 
and convenient, in chronological 
order^ An epitome of the life 
and charadler of the moft diftin- 
guithed MiiTionaries, v/ill be inclu- 
ded in the Wi>ik. 

A general compiLuion of this 
kind has not, as far as v.'e can 
learn, been executed ; «ind par::c- 
ular accounis, rcfpeifling the prop- 
agation of Chrillianity <tniong the 
Indians, lie fcattered in many 
bocI:s ; fomc of which, j-a: ticulai - 
ly the ancient /)nc3, lie very 
fcarce ; and probably may 1101 
have been focn and read bv one in 
very many at the prcCent day. 

It may be ufcful to many, and 
very £rateful in parti»:u].ir to pious 
pv;rijns (provided the work ihall 
b:: tderably e:::cu*ed) lo have a 
britf collection made fror.i ftveral 
wri:crs in dilFcrent ages, who have 
given iin account of what was with- 
in their obfcrvation, or earns to 
their knowledge ; we may add, 
that fuch a collcOtvox^ vkvj \a q!^ 
M lu 


.f:u.ifi, i> ClrifiiMuu iht jMdimi. 


Tctitct CO yoiii>g milSonaiiEs : 1'bc 
ivptritoee d" iheir pttJeceffoii, 
funic of whom h:id laboied b^ 
in ihii ratjft bcntf^iem tmploy- 
rrcnt, maj', Ming iliui publi/Iicd, 
I'l^^eft fomc tliou^lits u Oiera, 
\vKkh, ciriied into pridkcj may 
greitly promuie ihe diGgo ihey 
lu.e in view. 

Dy tl* fpeciiHcn of tbc perform- 
ince I now Tend, ^nd Tubmic to 
voui infptflioDi joLi will judge, 
ticntlcmcD, uhcihtr i: i3 dnnE in 
Aicb X manner, us lo have i proba- 
blcicndcDcy te piorooic the gene- 
ral intfidl )0u hive in your eye, 
in the ufeful Magazine of whldi 
yoj ace Editors, and will be ac- 
cepuble to ihc body of )oui lead- 
ns: If il (hill meet \oiit appro- 
ballon, ihi: compiler wdl eodeiTor 
to proceed in Lhc uuik, as fafl ai 
his hcaldl ar.d other LiitumliaBccj 
Ihall pecni-ii ; if oihtrwifV, let it 

grants the Cune powtn of pwero- 
mcni> wliith ilie Mj^diafcit& 
people tojoyred by their clarwr ; 
Mr. Mdyhcw wu ciUed Goran- 
ur ijf the ifliind!. The gfUE el 
ihe foil of thcfe iflandj cobU not 
i»c»tf the right of the IniJiu S^ 
chemi, and proprietors"-* Ae- 
cordingly the EngliA kaiat, H 
an early period, porchafed ItadJ 
one of the Sachemt. Rct. Ex- 
perience Mayhcw gives ihii i» 
count. *' Tawinquareckvudc 
chief Sachem oo ihc e»R atd d 
Manila's- Viaeyird, where (be 
English Gill fettled in 1641." 

" He was, ai I hare beta i» 
formed, willing to lei the EogliA 
hive liind 10 taiie oa ; but &*ti^ 
uf his council, or chief iDCDt bb 
iog much againft bis fcUng atf 
bod to thrfc new comers • ^ w 
tjuiet them, gave fevcral pan* 4 
hUSacheoMloni to them; aadAcii 


Anmfit /• ClmJRmhu the fmAms. 


Thofe in public ftations in the 
church (for of them chiefly our 
fubjeA leads us to fpeak) were ef- 
Uemed men of diflinguiihed men- 
tal thiKties, of found judgment, 
•ad umiffeded piety. Neither 
credulity 9 iuperfHtion, nor cnthn- 
fiafm were chara^eriftics of the 
family. We rather mention this in 
o«r introduAion, as we fliall make 
much ofe of their writings in com- 
piling the hiltory of the Vineyard 

Rev. Experience Mayhew, fu- 
periotendent of the Indian church- 
ei and congregations en M»itha's- 
Vineyard* from whofe writings we 
ihall make many extradsy was 
faiglblj talned by his contempora- 
ikii llie aflbciated miniflers of 
BoAoD» Dr. C. Mather, Dr. 
ColmaOy Dr. Sewall, Mr. Prince, 
and Che other paftors of the con- 
gregational churches there, in the 
«ear 1 726, giire him this honora* 
Ue tefmnonial* in their atteftatioo 
prafiaed to his book, containing 
ia aeeonni of the converfion of 
y of the Indians, riz. *^ The 
of this hiftory, Mr. £jc- 
Mayhew, is a perfon of 
Snconieftablc Teracity. He was 
horn and bred in the midfl of the 
lodhfts ; and has been all along 
iadaiately acquainted with oecur- 
t oi KCi among tliem, and is a def- 
ciodant from ancedors, that, for 
fevcral generations, have laudably 
dooc their parts in gofpelizing them. 
He b a judicious, faithful, con- 
flant preacher of the gofpel to 
them ; and on the week days, as 
«dl as on the LonPt days, he is 
an vnwearied worker luiib God, 
and for Him among them. 
Among all the infhiiments of the 
good work, which brings the In- 
dians into the Kingdom of God, 
he (hines as one of the Jir/I mag- 
akmdt. Sereral things written by 
hmf bare, by the preG, been here- 

tofore conveyed into the world, 
and found a favoraUe reception : 
And, in thofe narratives, we again 
fay, his truth may be relied upon, 
and his fidelity ii irreproachable." 

An honorary degree (a thing 
▼eryunufualatthat day) was con- 
ferred upon this gentleman in the 
year 1723, by the overfeert of 
Harvard College, which was an 
evidence of the judgment they 
formed of his learning and merit. 
He lived to a very advanced age, 
and fupported to the laft, an amia- 
ble and excellent chanufter. He 
was, for more than 60 years (as 
one of his fons has publifhed to 
the world) a preacher of the gof- 
pel to the Indians on Martha'^- 
Vineyard, employed by the com* 
miffioners of die London Society 
for propagating the golpel in New- 
Englandf and the parts adjacent in 

He was born, January, 1673 » 
began to preach to the Indians, 
March, 1694; and died aboet 
the year 1754* or 1755, aged 81 
or 82 years. He left an excel- 
lent charader, and fandry valua- 
ble compofures in print, which 
were evidences of a judicious 
mind, and pious heart. 


On Ae mjffionary labors of the Rev. 
Thomas MayJiru^t jun. 

Of his great benevolence, zeal and 
diligence — ^The way \vz took at 
firft to lay a' foundation for 
Ciiriftianity among the natives ; 
and of the fubfequcnt methods 
he made ufe of to carry on the 
work \ and the aiEftance he re- 
ceived from the ftrft Indian con- 
vert, the memorable Hiacoomes 
— or his felf-dcnial, and the 
hardfhips he endured in the im- 
portant bufinefs of gof^Uzitx^ 
the lndut\% — -V^Vv-xX. \t.xAK.^v^ 

Aamfi 19 Ciri/BamMt lit Imttm. 


ofirtnifl the propagaiian of 
ChriiliJiiiry «nuing iht Indiaai 


mJuc«J I 

■ ol,(lia;«— Ot" Ml, M*y- 
hcw'i fucctfii- diecrcDt peri- 
ods ill biin^mr; the nitiir« to 
lli; knon-leJ^e and protclEoa of 
t;-.;.- Chiilliiri fiiJi— Of the 
nt'ihaJ he louk lo fetilt civil 
otjcr, and foni'j dfji'-c (if goT- 
l--,! difdplincai;:,,!^ 
I.y ' ■ ■ ' 


i. r-. 1 


Willi wrt..kti:K-JCririilnns — 
or tlic m.nJanJrelisJouicon- 
duirt ol the Indians, wlio pro- 
r«fr;i Chrillimily unJer the 
r.Mx'hy ot" Mr. NUylicw. »nd 
1.1S fucceir^rs— On l,ii felting 
fill for Eti£l,-.nd [J fuiicit hdp 
m cji-ryior; on the E&0.1 work 
!,c liad bigun — 0( Ins prema- 
tli, jnj l!:- piuiocnt 
LM \: J , , Mr. El.ot, 

hit quli€cattont fet dhe «Ofl of 

the rainillry, foon citled hiai to 
thii fCTTTce, 

But bit Eoeliil) congrega'JdD 
bting then but (rnali, be wu earn- 
cDlv delirous of being more ^ 
tenfirely ufefnl. ^''ith ^reat «» 
pallioD he beheld the nauvn, ei» 
Gftinf; of fcTcral thoufaodt aa dn 
and the adjacent illandii periflua| 
in utiet ignorance of the true God 
ud eternaJ life ; laboring sndcr 
Itrange deluCons ; worfIiippiB|(« 
Dcitict aeaiure* of ibeir own oB- 
aginition, ot of that of titeir »■ 
cel^utt ; and in focli a mifcraUi 
Giaiiian ai the apoAIe rrprcTew 
the £j>helun) before tbeii ceonr 
lion,—" Without Chrift. bein|^ 
ieni fioia the commaawulih i^li- 
rael, and ftrangerj from the Core- 
nants of promtfe. haying bo hope, 
and without God in ihc worid." 

It mun be fpoken to the lailiiv 
Mr. Mayheu-, thathcu 


Atiempis to Cirifiianifte ihi IndMs. 


feftuaily teach them Chriftianity, 
and hive a fairerprofpejflof fuccefs. 
Every one mufl be fenfiblc, that 
he judged wifely in this matter. 

It was doubt lefs //^m, as well as 
jv0Wf difficult to obrain interpreters 
with requtfite qiialincations, men, 
who are not only well acquainted 
wkh both languajics, and havequick- 
mtSt o( thought and ready utter- 
ance s but perfons of prudence^ of 
fiortitudei and of engaging man- 
nerly by whicii they may in^vratiate 
ikcmfelves with die heathen — per- 
ibnt of a pious mind, and zeal in 
the cauie— men of an exemplary 
life» and good proficients in faired 
(cieoce, (o that they will eafily ap- 
prehend the meaning of the in- 
ffru^oriand communicate his i<lear, 
leadilyy clearly, and with precifion. 

However, on fuppoiition fiv:h 
interpreters could be obtained, 
/not to mention the exjience of 
fiipportin;; them) }ct it mufl be 
obvious to all, that religious in- 
(fanAions cannot be given to fo 
good advantage in this way, as by 
an immediate adJrcfs by .1 well 
^uahficd Mitliona: y, wl;o is conipe- 
tcntly acquainted with the lanouage 
of thofe, V. Iiom Iv.* is teaching. 
In the former nu'thod do<5lrinal 
knowledge will, in a comparaiivc 
view* be gained bu t H •> w i y . 'i' i 1 ere 
,u greater danger ilrit the fpiakcr 
will be mi funder flood in t!iv.' for- 
mer, than in the k'.ter wuy. Be- 
itdes the Indian languj^i^c is fa id to 
be deAitute of many terms, by 
which fbme of the peculiar doc- 

_ m 

trines of Chrillianity cculd be di- 
rcAly communicated ; and it re- 
i|airesparucular (kill, and aileniion 
in a nnffionary to convey tolerably 
juil ideas concerning thefe points. 
Ad under flan ding of the hmguage 
of hif hearers mufl evidently be 
fif particular benefit in this caie. 
It may be added> that when the 

Indians a(k queftion^, as has been 
cuftomary after the fcrmon, and 
public prayers are. finifhed, the 
preacher will beunder fuperior ad- 
vantages to undeifiand and aafwer 
them ; and much timt may alfo be 
faved in this way. Mr. David 
Brainerd regretted, that he had not 
been able to gain a better knowl. 
edge of the Indian tongue. A nd 
Mr. Sergeant, the firft miflionary 
at Stockbridge, found diai his ac- 
quaintance with it was ef very great 
ufe to him in his mi (Eon. 

Mr. Mayhew, having acquired 
the neccfLry knov^ledgj of the In- 
dian language, immediately applied 
himfelf to the miflionary work. 
1 ic well knew, that it was of the 
utmoft importance, in order to ob- 
tain dcfired fucccis, to ingratiate 
himfelf with the natives, and gain 
a pafTage to their hearts. He con- 
verfed with them in a pleafing and 
atfable manner, by which means he 
wrou)2ht himfelf into their affe^ions 
and thus had the eafier acccA to 
their minds. He trcat!« them in 
afiicnJlyand c(<ndcicendirjg man- 
ner ; denic-. lunifclf, and does his 
uir.ioil to oblige and help them. 
He takes ail futing occafions to in- 
fmuate and ihow the finceie and 
tender love, and pood will lie i>arc 
them : And as he ^,rows in their 
acquaintance and ailcLHion, he pro- 
cec«h to exprcfs his great concern 
rtnd pity for their in) mortal fouis. 
He tells them of their deplorable 
condition under ihc power of Sa- 
tan, that envious and malicious 
fpiiit,\i ho not only kept them in ig- 
norariCc ofthofj earthly good things, 
which might r .'nder liieir lives in 
this world rimrlunnre comfortable ; 
but of thofe alfj which might brinjr 
ihem to eicrnal luppinefai in the 
world to conic ; what a kind and 
powerful God the Englilh fervcd, 
and how the Imliai? •ilglit hiippily 


la Chrifiiaa'nf the / 


name imo kit &»or, lod protec- 

Under fxlrting ciicomUjncts, 
Mr. Mivhew deemed it noi espe- 
dicDt. al lUn, to mikc an attnuiK 
lift a public audience of ilie In- 
diani ; He vai, it f.-7m«, either 
ccMTioced, thai he could rot fue- 
cctd, wei< ht lo m:X^ \ dial t «r, 
that if he Ihuuld f^.cc-cd, it would 
It fublirTe the csule fj «-eM, at 
that time, as nihcr mv.irr'*. He 
therclore aj'plics Iniiilcit' to the 
work with grejt ilihgri'.c :4nd :ieal 
■! ; hoping, 'Alii 
ifter fame line, his l)iheie ot bc- 
ind ufefulreU r»ight be en- 
Ijijcd, as, to hii grejt encourage- 
ment, he afterwards foiin, I. Some- 
S he goci to houf.-i 
of pfrfooj, whrtn lie ellfemni 
1 rjtional Jnd candid ; jt other 
••. he diftotirfEd with ^rlictt- 

Tl..; firti In Jim, who embraced 
k>a el" forfiking the falCc 

a firm arul icfbhite idbemioc to ti, 
notwithftiDding thofe n»ay wiili 
be experi':nced in coofc^aciiet of 
hit profcffioo, which would haic 
fhaken the conffancyof one, wkt 
tvas not rooted and £romKled is 
the fsi-Jt. 

Mt. Mayhew having, by ibt 
blHBng of God upoo hispiou to- 
deavors, giioed Hiacoomn ; ht 
lirll etnjilo^ him ai k fJiithfiJifr 
nrumeot lo prepare hn way to lie 
red of the aatires ; ioftruOing bin 
mort, and inorv io tbit Dew reli- 
gion i and lhow)fi{ Ima how to re- 
commetid it to tfaeio, and to aa- 
fwer their argvmests, aod objec- 
tioni againft it. 

And afMr. Maj'hewadeaTorcJ 
the good of ihefe bcatheci, by dif- 
courfmg with as many aj were wit 
ling to lUTC any cWereoce «ilb 
him i fo with Htacoomct in pa^ 
tiiular, whom he from tine to 
lime, earneltly dcHred to coiamm- 
catc the Itnou ledge, -which he Jmi 


Aumfh H CbriJlMM tie InJmu. 


ioccflant ia bis pious endeavors. 
He does not i^e his body either 
9y dayi or by ni^ht. He readily 
nveb And lodges in their fmoky 
vifwans; andchcarfvllyfubinits to 
UMeoi^» and fnch hardfhips to 
vhich heretofore he was a Aranger. 

His way in public then was* by 
prcnchiflga le^ure every fortnight, 
\0 which both men, women, and 
children came. He firA prayed, 
dbca preached* then catechued, 
Kbcn fing a pfalm, and all in their 
pwn language. After fermont he 
generally fpent more time than in 
the fennoB itfelf ; reafbniog with 
ihena in a more familiar manner* 
anfwcrmg their queftionstremoving 
their dmibUy filencing their cavils» 
ami rdblving cales put to him. 

Etery Saturday morning he con- 
fas with Hiacoomes more private- 
ly aiwttt his fubjeA matter of 
fircadiing to the natives 00 both 

Eta of the following day ; Mr. 
ivhcw direAinghimin the choice 
of hia icxt» and in the manage- 
nentof it. 

When abroad upon his miflion, 
aad obliged to lodge in their wig- 
wimti he ufually fpent a confide- 
lable portion of the night, prciy 
SB f elating the ancient hiflories in 
the holy icripturcs, a fubjeA with 
wUch thenatives were at firft gi cat- 
ty liirprized, and not a little en- 
mtaiaed ; and partly in difcourf- 
ioc npon fuch other topics, as he 
jnmed moft conducive to promote 
their benefit : He particularly pro- 
pofca to their confideration, fuch 
things, as he thinks requifite in tlie 
firfl phce : He fairly folves their 
fubtle objeAions ; and tells them 
that they might phinly fee, that 
it was purely in good will to them, 
fnun whom he could expedl no re- 
ward, that he fpent fo much time, 
jUadpaini, and endured fo much 
cold and wet, fatigue and trouble. 
For icvesal ycarsL the go(pel 

made but flow prcmrcfi among the 
natives. Mr. AJayhew, as well 
as other miffionaries, before and 
fince, found many obflacles. Va- 
rious things tended to obftrud the 
good work. 

The Indians, in common with 
other Heathens, mufl be fuppo- 
fed to have been prejudiced in fa- 
vor of, and firmly attached to the 
religion, in which they had been 
educated. *' All men have natu- 
rally a veneration for the religion 
of their anceflors ; and the pre- 
judices of education in a faUe re- 
ligion are commonly infuperable 
without the extraordinary grace of 
God." ** Hath a nation changed 
her Gods, which arey et no Gods."* 

They would reafon, as many in 
heatlien countries had done before 
them; '* Shall we fi:>riake the 
Gods, whom our forefathers, from 
time immemorial have worfhipped, 
Gods who have been kind to us> 
for a ftiange God,utterI <r unknown 
to us ?— Shall we abandon a rdi' 
gion, which our ancellors emhrii- 
ced ? — A religion venerable fox 
antiquity — a religion, which ap 
proves itfelf to our minds: ShaU 
we forfake this for one to which we 
are entire Grangers, which isbroQght 
to us by foreigners, with whufe 
character we are not fufhcieniiy :ic- 
quainted ; and who, for ought uc 
can tell, may hare fomc Jiniji:r 
end in view, in propofing to us to 
rccei%*c it ;and may not, in the leaf^ 
degree, have our good at heart ? 

^ Thcs many ftood (Wrongly for 
their own meetings, ways, and cwi- 
toms, as bsing in their acci'-.r: 
much more ad\'antajTeous and a- 
greeable, than ours, in which} as 
they {aid, there is nothing but pray- 
ing, and talking, and this, in a 
manner too Jiii/ knd/oherfor them. 

This atuchnvcnt to their cv; n 


I ihcii 


II fccnicl 

.f f.> .-f< (<i i;^/</iMiMWc lit ImJtav iStt- 

^j»;coi.uli>U1»clti>uid fimiUf mm of mind rd'ia aiii^ m- 
uihloai, wIikU ii wu cUiiot', hive ti*d gtekt d>^ca^ 
Knee. Tbtfe untcUHcd Indknl 
uciv &M uiuc^uaiotcd wiA Ac 
H'Ct of it. Tbc7 aOuiIted Ofr 
cuamci with this we^ion, but, • 
will d|>p.:u' hcrf aficr. hexrithW 
and dcxuriiy paimd ii off. Tkjt 
doubtlcTs thought, ihis ai he VH 
the iirlt coDven amonj tticai, tlK 
luoli llicntMut aiJiocaicfbr Chtif^ 
tianit/ iathat fnuU number, wb> 
itni, ^.iiJ uf ' had Linbiaced ix, and very leJoia 
Lirnpctily, , in ptopagadog it, u Kir ts ia hit 
'lilt Ki- j power J if, by liotcnlc, they couU 
hat tl their ' drirc hiiti to irnooBW it, «ctier«r 
ilic gorpc!, lefi firm, and ic& cfti^ilked in 
odd t<e di' ! tl>ii new religion, mi^hl idiom hit 


.dy diiha 





II. 1 

,.dim.n-. w*. 

t!tc V 



by U.e b4. 




,i.n..1. in 

the CI 



fulpJ, U.iy 


n«[ givt : 

y ' 


cw rdij;"' 

.di «■»! pro- 


to (hiTii ; 



led Itrit.u 


lii...ii cmlira- 

-ih.t Chril):.-ii)i-Ly might i cxaitiple ; and the imiltint<Bi( 
f;iv.r^_Ki\ rCT'^Jlionm j whu Hill adlimd to their oU ftfe 
rdiiRM 10 iliiir d<;tiiiuent ; gion, i.iighi be deiciinl ftm If 
Ky, uhn wcic fur intra- | much nsemmininginto the ^iflMJ) 
; Chnllianiiv iininn); ihrm, j uf Chriiliacm?, utdgiviflgiiiy (a- 
iii'nij<Liii<n tu coui.igeiiwnt loihofe who migbtbe 
' " f nukint 


Off the Glory of 

mcs were allowed to addrefs 
ntdresia public, in the year 
liS, and Mr. Mayhew was de- 
1 hj Tawanquatucky the firft 
fen among the Sachems, to 
ich in a (tated courfe to his 
pley the infidel Indians deri- 
ud fcoiied at thofe, who at- 
ied the ledure, and blafphe- 
I the God, whom they wor- 
pedf which very much damped 

fpirits of fome in the way, 
ch they were purfuing ; and 
iered others, for a time, from 
a'ing into it, or even cafting an 
towards it. Such power has 
cule over the human mind ! 
^or were thefe the only impcd- 
nti tothe fuccefs of the gofpcl 
lie ifland : For fo inveterate 
the hatred of fome to Chrif- 
Itff that, not only was Hia- 
net abnfed by blows by an ili- 
ned and malicioui Sagamore ; 
even the life of Tawanquatuck 
. in great danger by a daring at- 
ptmadetoaflafEnatchim. This 
. in the year 1 647. Tho' he 

not his life, for that was re- 
kably prefervcd ; yet he did 
t&Mfe without a wound. The 
b cf this muiderous attempt 
9 as the Indians faid, for his 
ksoff with the Englifh : And 
. Ibyhew obfcrvcs, that it was 
lofid both by them, and the 
|)ilh, that the Sachem's for- 
dncfi for fetting up, and con tin - 
I die ledhire mentioned above, 
( another thing, which incited 
wretch to this cruel underta- 
g. A regard to pcrfonal fafety 
lid ondoubtedly 10 operate up- 
nany amorous minds, as to pre- 
C then, for a feafon, from pay- 
attention to the onfpel^. 

fTote eontlnued.J 

Oh GotPi mdtmg Us owM gbry hU 
Iqjt end* 

• • 

THE term gfprj^ as it relatet 
XQ the Moft High^ is forae- 
times ufed, in the holy fcriptures,. 
to denote the inherent excellency of 
the divine nature; at others, the 
rej^ and honor due to his holy 
name. In the former fenfe it ap- 
pears to have been ufed by Mofes^ 
when he befbught the Lord to (hew 
him his glory : For, the anfwer 
was, ** I will caufe all my goodnefs 
to pals before thee — =and the 
Lord pafled by before him, 
*^ and proclaimed. The Lordi^ 
the Lord God, merciful and 





Bn Converts, page 3, and Sr. 
ifnt. It No. 8. 

gracious. "-^tn the latter, by 
God himfelf, when he fays, '* I 
^* am the Lord ; that is my name, 
<' and my glory will t not give 
" unto another." When thtpory 
of God is fpoken of as an end for 
which he may be fuppofed to a6l, it 
means, either the intrin/ic excellent 
cy of his own nature, or the mani' 
fefations of it— either that, which 
! conftitutes the real worth and 
' beauty of the divine cliarad^er ; or, 
I a difplay of it, in its genuine fruits. 
; The former is ufually termed the 
inherent glory of tiod \ the latter, 
his declarative. 

The inherent glory of God, as 
, the term refpc^ his moral charac* 
! ter, conCfts in the affedtion or dif- 
' poGtion of his infinite, eternal 
mind ; the declarative^ in the vifi- 
i ble, external manife&tions of this 
I affe^ion, or difpofition. What the 
j inherent glory of God is, conCft- 
I ing in the moral dilpofition of his 
1 etemalmindytheholylcripturesvery 
I clearly teach us. The apoftle John 
j tells us, that God is Love. Tlie 
I fame is implied in the name, bv 
which God proclaimed himfelf 
before Mofcs. This conftitutes 
1 the whole moral nature of thftc«« 
bleffcd God. Tte «wvdj^ «»• 
N n 


On !h G/ory if Gsd. 


nut mini is wholly msde up ct' 
jjoodnefs and iovc. The moral 
chamflerol'ilie infinln GjU is all 
iBtdc op of iove. The Lord ex - 
iftl 10 do good — For purjiofes «f 
goodntls it is, tliai Ii= M.igns. 

This being ihe cxeejkni nstore 
and difpolluon of the dlTine mtndi 
!i mull b« ilai his highcn deli^lit 

joyment and. h^ppincfs mud be, xa 
producing and dialing happinff?. 
J/f enjojs (he goou wliich be does ( 
and enjoys it to an inilni'.ely higher 
degiee, than his creatnre^, who re- 
ceive it. A difpofition lo do good, 
rejoices in the good which is done. 
As love fceks, fo it enjoys the hap- 
pintfs of others. It is, therefore, 
the giory ol' God to do good — to 
do excellent things. In this vny 
Ood fcdti his own fjlory — In this 
way, glorifies himlclf. This Wiis 
'■ ■ : Thefcmein. 

and this be the frnff , in wficli OoiJ 
makcj his dm n gtory his IsR mi, 
it will follow, 

I, That it i^ d m^fii^tm 
thing il)3t Cud fhocM maVe Hi 
owo glory hi: pnx and uftioie 
end. TTiis implies, tliat tht {iM. 
e/l felicity of the infinite Bdf 
himfcif is in doing good. WHe 
Dot the difpofition of ^h^t gM)l 
mind fuch, that his rliief andli^ 
td delight is lit doing g«od, >nS 
reafon Sate we t^ fuppofr, thttA 
law 3 would be hwly, jgfl and gS^ 
And what ccitdn evidenire c6ll 
we have, thii his g'jvenmient'fc 
or T,vi!! be wifely adminiRerefti 
Were not this Uic divine wki 
chaiafter — were not this dR HC 
pofition of the Eternal ^^ld,lr!HI 
rcaTan could we have to tf^dti, 
that the Lotd ^gigtis f fiut aill 
Seing, whole love and goad 1KB 
abfolmely infinite, (faouM 


iofioitc love and gco.'l will — a crea- 
ltd hoUncfs aad happincfsiin which 
God himiclf will reft fatisfied — 
which will iatisfy^tlie infinitely 
ftrong deiires of liivine, unbouodcd 
[give. We accordingly find it pcbm- 
]bi to Chri^ly that he fhould fee 
of the travail of his foul, and be 
btisficd. Could that love, that 
travail of fouli which brought the 
Lord of glory into our world, and 
DO tlic crofs, be fatisfied with a good 
•^with a created felicity, which 
raight have been exceeded ? If in- 
Saite power and wifdom and love 
fail oT producing fucli mcafures of 
created holinefs and created hap- 
pincfsyfts cannot be exceeded ; the 
great aad glorious God fails, for 
augbt we can fee, of acconiplilhing 
his laft and highell end. And, 
failing of this, how can he rdi fat- 
iffied in his works, and enjoy cam- 
pjet? aad infinite felicity ? 

3. As God makes his own glo- 
ry his jafl and higheft end, it is 
moll dcfirable, thnt he fhould be 
in abfblute fovercign. The fov- 
ereignty of God principally intends 
his being influenced to adts of 
goodnefs purely by the inherent 
goodncG of his own glorious na- 
f are— making his motives v/holly 
from wi thi n 1 1 imfeif-^-hi s own w i f- 
dom alone adopting and dircd- 
ing the ms.ifjres hr accompliihing 
dK p:ir;[»ofes of his love. Were it 
not iliat die ;,lor:ou3 Gcd is this 
afafekite Ibveicign, wlierc wouid it 
hare been poflTiblc for him to tind a 
noUFC for laving ilnners ! Wiici c, 
bat IB his own infinite good will, 
could there have been a mo:ive for 
God's being manife'J: in ilclh — ^for 
Chriil't dying, and himfelf beconi- 
iog a curfe ! Had not the holy 
God been moved to give his only 
begotten Son — had not tlic glori- 
OBS Redeemer been ind'tcnced to 
that huoiiiiating and painful work, 
fa the only foundation for 

On thi Qlory 6/ G^M 


the recovery of fionerst purely by 
theinh;srcnt, infinite good will and 
love of the divine nature itfelf ; 
tlie work of redemption ne^fer 
would, or could have been accpin- 
pli(hed : Nor couM finncn of m^- 
kind ever have been faved. And, 
whatever dilpofition might have 
exifted in any one for the falvation 
of finners, had not God's wifdom 
alone devifed tlie plan, and cho&n 
and diredted the meafures for §ts 
accompliHiment, we muft, all, in- 
fallibly have perifhed forever. It 
is infinitely beft, that the unerring 
wifdom of God (hould alone diredt 
the mcafures for accompli fhing 
fuch goody as his own infinite love 
alone can incline him to accom- 
pliih. What can be more defira- 
l)Ie, than that/u<:i6 a Being at the 
Lord is fhould be an abfolute fov- 
ercign ! Confidering the moral 
charaifler, and the infinite perfec- 
tion of God, what more precious 
dot^rine, than chat of his abfolute 
fovereignty ! Who, that is a friend 
to the greatcd good, can under- 
itandingly be an enemy to it ! 

4. It is eafy to fee that, had 
tliere not been fuch fallen, finful 
creatures as we are, there would 
have been no opportunity for a dif- 
covcry of fjch infinite flrength of 
divine love and good will, as evi- 
dently appear in the recovery and 

falvation of finners. Creatures 

would have had no advantage to 
fee, that the divine pofle&s 
fuch treafiires of good will, as to 
be inflacnccd to fuch wonders of 
good n ofs — -infi n i te 1 y u n dc fcr\'cd 
guoJndsy by nothing but the mere 
infinite benevolence of his own 
heart ! That glorious fovereignty, 
which implies fclf- moving infinite 
goodnefs — ;i difiKjfiiion to do good, 
for the plcafurc of doing it— doing 
the greatcll poiFible and the molt 
undefcrved good, for the fake of 
the delight ti%eT": v'i Vx\ ^XcJv^^V'-* 


» I Ptitr, IT. 6. 


fterer cevld hare been fc^a in its 
^lory, hid titere not bc«n fuch in- 
jieitelyunwoithy and iU-dcTerrirg 
otHcAi n y/e *re, lowavd whom 
it mar ^ dUpUyed, and <ia whom 
k miy operate. 

5. If God *i own glofy be hii 
Uft lad hight^ end, and if hit 
gi^dtitfi n hit jloiy, it mijht rea- 
foDibly be «xpeAed, thai he mik^ 
fome rnonuments of bis juft and 
evetlanire dirpkifuT. Should the 
infinitely good Cod malte no dif- 
tinAion; amonj; mankind, having 
mercy on whom he will h»»e mer- 
cy ; how apt would (.restutM bt 
to fugEed, that there were other 
motjvei for the good which be 
does to (ioaFT!, than thofc by which 
he deftgni to make it appear he ie 
folrly inll'jcneed — other rcafonsp 
Ihjn the fujiiemc dcKghl, which 
the infinite (Tod has in duinf^ good ! 
Without f^itb a diltinaion, h( 

gloriDu: fovcreigniy, 

■11 fitted u> rake the naft lifdy 
imprdHons, and gin the ooft ex> 
altrd Tiewi of the trznfeetidtiitand 
in«Hnpreheit£Me f xcelleocjr of the 
moral charaSer of the glorioni 
God ■ No (we bin be, who poftt 
fei, cootd have drawn ud udab- 
(ted fiich a chanAer 1 — a Amu- 
tet To infinitely fricodly to ilia 
grcauft good of the aoiva^ ; ad, 
I which fci cenainlyandperfcAlyft- 
I wres it ! In cooteoifiog wiibtbdc 
doftrineit which repcfect riic 
I Lord M ao abfolutc ioTcntign, CMt 
1 afling for hii own giwy, why b ii 
! not evident, not only dui we 0^ 
' pof^: our own E'caltB and bell 
I good, bn[ that we are enenHe* to 
I God's bigheft and nioA OBcdleii: 
I felicity, and the greatcA good et 
1 the nioralfjftem ! 

Po THE Ed. 



Rtmarki m I P^lfTf it. 6. 


^ quick and the dead" l«ad to this 
coMireAion i there, the word 
icndered ibe deaJis the £une as in 
the paffage in queftion* and is evi- 
dently iiied IB its literal ienfe, and 
Btikrald be arbitrary, unlefs the 
ibope of the writer plainly required 
at» to depart from the literal mean- 
fai£ of the word, in explaining the 
mfllige. In thofe words of our 
SflCfiocr ** Let the dead bury their 
dtmdi* the feofe requires a varia- 
tion in the meaoiog of tlie word 
dmi% it is firft ofed metaphorically, 
mnd chea literally : But here, the ' 
talk does not appear to require^ 
Tariation. On the contrary, the 
cooCderauon, thatChriit was ready 
to jndge the dead, as well as the 
linDg» naturally led theapofUe to 
point out the general defign of the 
preaching of the gofpel with ref- 
peA to ill, in every age, and un- 
der every difpenfation, from the 
beginning, as well as to thofe, who 
were then living, and on whom the 
cods of the world were come. 

a. The word alfo^ which is ef- 
fimtial in the tranflation, fopports 
the fame coaftru6lton ; ** For this 
^ canfe was die gofpel preached 
*^ affo to the dead" ; the phrafe is 
clJiptical, the correlative part is not 
czprefled, but clearly underHood. 
The fentence completed would 
fland thus. '* For this caufe was 
** the gofpel preached aifo to the 
■* dead, as it is to the living." 
Mow it is evident, that in fuch a 
conne x ion the term living muft 
ftaod diredlly oppofed to the term 
dtmi% they muft be taken both lite- 
nlljr, or both metaphorically ; if 
■ROnhorically, the ienienee would 
ftana thus. For this caufe was the 
go%cl preached to the (piritually 
^caidf as well as to the ipiritually 
alive I or, more (imply, to finners 
fli wdl as to laints, that they might 
fa jndgcdt ftc. bat there feems to 
bt-MfOod itafim, in this view of 

the words, for difcriminactnff thefe 
oppofite characters, becaule the 
end of preaching the go^ expref- 
fed in the words that they wight he 
j^ged^ &c. whatever may be their 
meaning, is the fame with refpe^fc 
to both ; and the fentiment would 
have been better exprcSsd in gen- 
eral terms. For this canfe was the 
gofpel preached to ami that they 
might be judged, &c but if the 
term be taken literally, it will ex- 
preis, in a word, wim is illoArm- 
xiid and dwelt on, in the opiftleto 
the Hebrews, as amatterof grett 
moment, tint the gofpel has beca 
preached, though under types and 
fludows, under all fiiraier di%en- 
(ations, from the b^innii»|t and 
that its defign was ever the fane. 

3. The verb ^omi frmeied m 
the paft indefinite, which is cor- 
re^y renderedfrcm the origiaat 
is proper, if the expreSoo ife 
dead be taken literaUy, but not lb 
if taken meuphoric^y ; for, in 
that cafe, the fentiment would be 
better expre/Ted, in the prefent 
tenfe. For this caufe the goipel it 
preached to dead finners \ its im- 
port then would be as extenfive as 
die fubjed requires, and would ap- 
ply, without limitation, to dead 
hnners, in every period of time, 
paft, prefent and to come ; for 
whatever be meant by their being 
jmdgedf &c« it will apply as well to 
all, in every age, as to thofe in 
former ages. 

4. The expreflion m its literal 
fenfe is analogous to that in the 1 9th 
verfe of the preceding chapter, 
** By which alfo he went and 
*' preached unto the fpirits in pnf- 
'' on," that is, to the finners of 
the old world, who were in prif- 
00, or in the ftate of departed 
(bub, reierved unto judgment, at 
the time wlien the apoftk wrote. 
It is alfo perfcdlly fimilar to thatici 

tmi*m I J»i» ^ 

^1 I Ifl I rtiiMhw 
a>k fad s aka b; ik> k< ^ 

: i:A i b^ IMT a<- 

W»en lie ^pMi t tap, ■* Far, 

raowit. tJiu c/x two DKabenof 
tK^clijfe ar- p«>>rAJv cottnAcd 
vnri«^h «thci, ind 'Tier, the para 


I MbcT fans of^ the 

ig priccipln, tM tbta pMifiaM- 
Fw ifab cad wa* ibc goM J««i 

of Isbvioa fvociaitacii taiMHli 
nder crar dil'^CBfuioa of pxtt 
the put ^et of the vond, V 

l«9t.] A dmiai of the Sm h m tbmsl ^ iA^ FaiLer. 395 

Uth cciied from fin. Chrift ceaf- 
ed from fioi in ceafing to be ao of* 
ftrins lor fio, and the ChrittiaD» in 
c i ucuyin g the fle(h with its affec- 
doni and lafts ; in dying to fin and 
UfiBf to God ; and, thereforei he 
«M^ht to arm himfelf with the mind 
of Chrifl;» in order to maintain a 
cioBfiflency of cbarader. He fur- 
dler VTgesy that having ceafed from 
fifly the Chriflian ought not to lire, 
the reft of histimeintheworId> to 
dM la(b of men, but to the will 
of God ; and that the time paft of 
his life may fnffice him to have 
wtonght the will of the Gentiles. 
The apoftle haying next nouced 
dseabofire treatment the Chriftian 
recems from theunbelie?ing world, 
lor reliAig torun with them to the 
hme cxodfs of riot» and the ac- 
cooBt diey mnft render to him that 
isrendy to judge the quick and the 
detdfl introduces the words in 
qveffioo ; by which he (hews that 
mortification of fin, and holine& 
in heart and life, to which he ex- 
horts Chriftians, are the genuine 
frmtof the golpel in all thofe who 
bev and embrace it. 


ToTRB Editors of thc Con- 
' wscticvtEvangilicalMag- 


Pleafe to publifh the follow- 
iifi if yon judge it of fufficieot im- 

THAT infidelity or a rejec- 
tion of Jefus Chrift, the Son 
tf Gody either openly and avow- 
Ul^ff or more Kcretly, is very 
vmlenti admits not of a doubt. 
nod thofe who reject Chrift, by 
taibclicf, very generally flatter 
ttanlelves, that they lore God. 
They profsTs high friendfhip for 
^$ke Deity, although tliey reje^H 
Cbfift die Son of God. A quef- 
mfftnki whether it be not 

certain, that fuch perfoos do de- 
ceive themfelves— whether fachas 
do not receive and embrace Chrift, 
in his mediatorial character, are not 
juft as far from receiving and lov- 
ing God ; w whether it be not as 
certain that men rried God as 
that they rejed Chrift, and b that 
a rejeAion of Chrift and an athe- 
iftical heart, or reieAion of the 
true charaAer of God are always 
united i It appears to me that the 
fiicred fcriptures do, in a very clear 
and decifive manner, anfwer in the 
affirmative ; that fuch as by unbe- 
lief do rejeA Chrift, in his mediato- 
rial capacity, do rejeft God, and 
fo are, however they nuy profefs, 
really atheifts at heart. We read 
Jobnv. 23. That all men JboM 
MoilhR the Son even as they aoNon 
the Fjtbkr, He that irowoatr/r 


Father, On thefe words it may 
be obferved, that in the firft place, 
all mem are required to honor the 
^oneven as they honor the Father ; 
that is, in the fame manner, and 
with the fame honors. By the 
Son is u4)doubtedly meant Jefuv 
Chrift, in his mediatorial capacity. 
By the Father is undoubtedly 
meant God, the Father of all.— • 
By honoring the one as we do the 
otlier, can be meant notliing Icfs 
than beftowing tlie fame afte^ion 
and cxercifing the fame refpeA to 
one as to the other. I would ob- 
fervc further, that what is meant 
when it is enjoined on all men^ to 
honor the Son even as they do the 
Father, is not, merely, tliat all 
men (hould honor and treat Chrift 
the Son as they do the Father, but 
to honor him us they ou^ht to hoc-- 
or the Father — ^To beftow the 
fame honors on him, and to mani- 
feft the fsm? refpcA for him that 
they OMght to excrclfc towards the 
Father. When men treat the S^itv. 
I wkh ih(i fam^ ic^^^^ wA ^trw. 


j1 JaudJof lln S»»uadentd«f ibe Falhtr. 


cd« ibe Tlrnc lote a/id aiTe^ioD for 
liiin which they ««?*' ifl cxtrcife 
itfwixdi God ihe I-^thcr, iheo 
:hfy wdlanfwer t)ie doniand which 
If made in the rcrii: above quMcJ. 
iluc ihcy ihoultl honor the Son 
u [hey honor the Faihtr. 
miv be obfcrvcd further, on 
[he pall>gc under canlidcntioOi 
' 01 all men are not only rr^red 
I honor [he Son even as their 
honor the Father, but it is alfe af- 
ferted, that iliey Je in jaB treat 
the Son anj the Father in the fame 
, whatCTcr they inay con- 
:dTe of tbcir own excreiiei For 
I added, " Ht tl-iii aonoWB 

F,tTMg*." The meamr.g of which 
niuft be thii, that he who docs 
ifidobey tlie Son, 
and Bckoowtedge 
God the Father ; ur, hi: that le- 
jttii Chiilt d<.es i6-,a and dilbwn 
the Father alfi'. 'I'h^t always jjo 

iftiiey re^cft utd ddpife ibe SoOi 
they rejeft and itfyHe G«d theTar. 
iher nko- They uc as ccfuinljp 
athetlH lad ixjeilori of God in. 
their heartt, a* litey arc unbelie*- 
en aod V^efton of Chrift. It it 
hence we god. that unbclicrcrt. ia. 
Chriil and idolaters are yoked uv, 
gethct. in R«T. xjci. S. — Andtbu 
it mufl be the cafe, that fuch a» 
rejefl and dlfbwn the Son, do re- 
jcfl and difbwA ibc Father, xf- 
pears very crident, from tlw f«w 
following oUcrTaiiont. w&ich 1. 
bej; leave juft to (aggtd. 

I. The Sou bai ibe fame char- 
after which ibe Father bat " He 
li the bnghtne& of iut (t.c. ib* 
Faiher'i) gkiry." TbehhAid 
the Godhead dwcUcih is ChiiA. 
Now as the chara<fler of CbriA i* 
the f.iRie with that of the Fallttli 
fo ihoC: who rcjcA tho oac wiQ fr 
fcil the other. Thetc md) botki 
•}efiionito ibe one as tfl tb( 

ffSm.] A dtntal of the Smtif4i dnktB/ite Faihtr, 


in intnkiiid. Which is as much 
H to fijy thftf the father is a liar 
ai Wtfl as the Son. tf there be 
aft impofition in the aflPair, the Fa- 
ther had as high a hand in it as 
te Son. The Father did eircrj 
tUnff ivfiich eoufd be done, to 
tdmr, that Ckrifl was his Son and 
tlw SaTkmr of men. His mighty 
pOwtr wu exercifed in the mira- 
cles Chrift wrought, which are as 
weH authenticated as any faAs can 
be. The Father raifed the Son 
from the dead ; thereby acknow- 
lod^nghim to be his Son ; which 
{ft fait that cannot be reafonably 
oieflioned.' The Father did. 
iher^foret ra the moft open and 
psUie maBoer attefl the truth of 
Chrift's pretenfions to being the 
Bon of Uod, and the appointed 
Sarioar of men. The fame impu • 
tttfonf therefore, by a rcjeftion of 
CMftp falls on the Father as on 
iSl^ Ste. There is equally a de- 
nial of the Father's truth and ve- 
Tacity as of Chrift's. A rejection 
of Oirift is as plain a declaration 
thttthe Father is a liar, as that the 
Son is. Precifely in this mai\ner 
b the clfe confidered by the apof- 
de John. ** He that berievcth not 
G§d both made him a ujMj hecnufe 
hebelieteth not the REtORO, that 
God eavc of his Son." A rejec- 
tioB of the Son therefore, is always 
attended with a rejeAion of the 
Father ; as it always implies and 
inehifcfl in it, a rejcQion of the 
troth and veracity, boih of the 
FUier and the Son. 

4. It appears from the tenders 
which the Son make), that a rejec- 
tion of Chrift the Son, is alio a 
njeCKon of the Father. The ten- 
der which Chrift the Son makes to 
HKOt iS| of the Father, through 
Uoffelf as mediator; — as the way 
■nd medium of accefs. The very 
hftof rgeAiog the Son includes in 
knnjeAioo'of (fee Father. It is 

Vql. U. No. 8. O 

a direA declaration, I will not 
have the Father. 

From this view of the cafe h 
appears, that men akhough they 
may not honor the Son as they 
m^ht to honour the Father, yet, 
in fadt do treat the Father juft as 
they do the Son. If they defpife 
and rejeA the Son, they certainly 
do ddpife and rejedt the Father 

A few remarks, which are im- 
portant, may be made on the truth 
above iiluftntted. 

1 . One remark is, that the re« 
quirements of the gofpel evidently 
(uppofe, that Jefus Chrift is really 
God as well as man. 

We are required to honor the 
Son even as we honor the Father. 
To give htm the fame room in our 
hearts, and to pay him the fame 
refped that we do the Father* 
This nece/Tarily implies his dhm- 
ity. That he is confidered as be- 
ing really God ; otherwife he can- 
not be confidered as being worthy. 
of the fame honor. 

2. Wc may remark, why unbe- 
lief in or a rejection of Chrift is 
confidered as being fo very crimi- 
nal as it is in the gofpel. 

It is becaufe it is a rejection of 
God. It is a refufal to own him — 
It is a virtual declaration that God 
is a liar ; and a refufal to receive 
and acknowledge Him. 

3. Wc fee from what has been 
faid, that a re]c6lion of Chrift and 
atlieifm go hand in hand. It is 
true that all unbelievers in Chrift 
do not avowedly reject God. But 
they do in their hearts They re- 
jeA one who has the fame charac- 
ter and perfections — ^Tbey reject 
his authority and tefKmony. '* He 
that defpifeth me, fays Chrift def- 
pifeth him that fent me.** And« 
'* He that honoreth not the Son, 
honoreth not the Rither.'' 



993 t-itffUMdtl Sj 

i^ obftrvitioEi, iKjt fuch n rcjea 
Chrift <la deceive tbrn'feliti, W 
ihey conclude inU) til own r.iindt, 
ihjt iliey hive aiiv in;e Icc W 
God. They triy lot; futh a 
God as they nuy foM» in iheir 
own mindi. but ddl the God of 
tke Uble. For, " Hi: i>.sl Ljom- 
cUiDOtthe Son hoioiith nut ihe 
Father." Men |.ay no roore rt- 
gatd to the Father, ;hin thty do 
to the Son. 

Finilly. We raiy remark, that 
ihofc who rejcfl Chtilt tbc Son, 
bavc nuicafon to flitter tbemleltej 
of being fjved by the metcy of the 

Thofe who rejffl CUi.ll. altho' 
ibey do not espefl he will fave 
thciii, ye.', they hope the Fnlher 

wiiihave mercy on ihcra They 

go ua tltrough Iifij (unkfi God 
ihowiihcm their dclullon) com- 
forting thcmfihcs tJijt Cod wiii 
have mercy on them. But why 

■tioas — middle age iu cue», ai.d 
ibe aged have their isftnnhiei. 
Difitppointincau, dangere and t- 
vilt fucceed cadi other. Mean 
always tonllruncd lobeoatMr 
guard, and to exert tlienifchn ft 
accomplilh one i^eft 01 amdab 
and to furmount, or endara A 
difficulty and trial, or ihai. Tm 
have 01) opportunity to fit dowfl fl 

ed. Every day biingi in citt. 
Si<.kncl), woundi. cncmiett in 
prudencie*. cortentiom, porotji 
or other trouUet keep » in a pcr> 
p«uai agiuiijQ. ITui it ftrikwj. 
ly illuftrated In the book of Eecfc. 
Lftti. ItitTCiynwcbibcbUtA 
of Ihe wliole book. Aad ik tf 
fairs of ibii worid are urenBPiiMi 
vanity and vexation of (mnx. 

There i> no relk b tllc|NlIilU 
concerns of oatioos, any «M 
than in tlic otivate tulkt a£ itA 



Fic'iffiiuJUt ofhmum life. 


ere willnererbc a time in which 
officers of a nation may fit at 
ir ea(e, and (ky, Wc may now 
afidc k-AX and exei cion, all is 
if and like to be wdl without 
funher anxiety and caic. 
\gain : There is no reft to the 
irch of C\\x\i\ in thii world, 
an is continually plotting its 
IruAlon afid giving it diftur- 
ce. He is artful and mali- 
2Sy and has numerous agents, 
9 arc willing to be employed at 
plealiirc. Now he is introdu- 
g ooe eiTori and then another, 
one time he attacks it with her- 
ty at another with covered or 
a in6delity. Sometimes he in- 
duces difcords and feparations, 
>tliers ignorance and enthufiafnii 
cold unfeeling opinion, which 
s not affeA the heart. Exicr- 
difficulties have fomctimes op- 
Bed the church, and fumctimes 
as labored with internid cmbar- 
bicots. The church has fre- 
mly appeared to have its very 
denes endangered, fomctimcs 
B one caufc, and then from 
thcr. On!hefc accounts, the 
dfters of Chrlfl, and ail tiicmem- 
i of his cliurch have l>ccii con- 
incd by abfolutc ncccfLty to be 
.lane, prayerful and ue'tive, con- 
itlly exhibitiRgtIic evidence, Im- 
csuicc and excellency of the 
Jl, and the fnifehooil and per- 
ioas tendency of error in innu* 
rable Aupes, anfwering objec- 
Kf repelling attacks, and com- 
ting enemies and falfeprcteniions. 
.c watchmen are neccilitatcd to 
id continually on the watch-tow- 
and all the foldicrs of Chrifl to 
■pon tlieir arms. Huw many 
brent attacks have been made 
m the church in the prefent gen- 

Si I Univerl'atifm, dcifm, un- 
ed aitholicifm, atlieifm, at- 
ipts to divide ic into parties and 
MifliinauoDs who hold no com- 

munion or vifible charity with each 
other, endeavors to relax difcipline 
— ^to introduce carnal men— to ex- 
cite differences and oppofition re(^ 
peAing the ordinances of the go(^ 
])el — to fink it into contempt, and to 
deftroy it in one way or other, have 
been all employed for its ruin. 
And miniftcrs and Chriftians are 
called upon to exert themfelvcs 
to counteraA all thefe devices— de- 
fend the truth — inculcate the doe^ 
trines of the gofpel and unite to pro- 
mote harmony^ difcipline asd vital 
piety, the fpread of gofpel truths, 
and the awakening and falvation of 
fouls. Caxe and warfare are always 
to be employed ; there is no fea- 
(bn in which we may put off the 
harnels. Unlooked for evils are 
daily coming ; oneatuck and per- 
plexity is luccecded by another. 
Vigilance and adlivity are always 
demanded. Hence Peter fays, 
" Befober, be vigilant, becaufe your 
advcrfary the Devil, as a roaring li- 
on, walkcth about fccking whom 
he may devour, whom refift, fted- 
h\k in the faitli " If we loolw back 
into the hi ivories of the church, wc 
(hall find that it has always had to 
combat with much opijufition, and 
many have been called to contend 
even unto blood. The church has 
fiiffcied by pctfccution, by falle 
teachers, by corruption, by hcrc- 
fics by enemi^ without, and bj 
faKc brethren who hiive crept in at 
unawares to fpy out and (iibverc its 
liberty. And this will l)C the cafe, 
until the angel fpokcn o^n the Rer- 
elations, fliall come down from hear- 
en with a great chain in his hand, 
and lay hold on the dragon, that 
old ferpent, which is the devil 
and fatan, and bind him a thoufand 
years. — ^This world is not a reiling 
place for die church, which is in a 
militHnt il.ite. T'lere rtmaineth a 
reil for the people of God ; but it 
is in the cor:\;i\^ v^^iVi. 


y.^faiU^^iw yi 


F^rtbci 1 Thuc is m 'iut liiie 
Hoo lefl u> imdWiiiiM] Qui^liui- 
ll^r lure la nun; iruli j.aJ icmp- 
|uu0''-i> iB<i fuh 1 fwvD of fc. 
liaiof corruptioiu, ttui th«y aj« 
lined to watch tod pnjr withoat 

. . i atcvciy nun, anil tbac 
re nuny tbit u e opeolr let Ajiisft 
m. Tbcy are Jti-lol uy lidi- 
j aad ioGaB^ting cnDctawati, 
tplcxetl wiUi ihc lofiiiilliy of Lch 
in v/iit u> Jcccite, arc ai- 
cQi: umbered wiiL > body of 

, and a Uw in ibe mciiiben. 

rarriogaMJaA lUc Uw of ii>efnia«l. 

_tfoW »OlTdI; liuubLc lAd pciflcs- 

Kng ciicii Seal upon thcnki ind ao» 

ptcy ve iojuied hy onKWitd fnC' 

nty. At one time they luve lit- 

: of the Iiebt of Cod'i couotc- 

acc lad tank alma& inio a Ouc 

J" ddfondtDcf, and Uten tlteyuc 

J) tUngcr from l^iiiiual pride, and 

fi over caniidcocc in thcnifclrts. 

•f Gal.' 

Thua thcR n m raft far m» >i 

puBttio— Mt (i>«* fal the cbpsh 

tti MOfilc of C«d. ThVltM 

it ii folly fo€ BKD t» laoer ikq»- 
idwt*. ifau if they OB Cw w r 
tbrCCxiAuiK dificuUica. ihtyM 
iMve ao tiutiwr <«ufioB i«K uri*> 
ty. It a at Hilc. JS for the irfM 
to fay. If 1 cu bu oboia il|| 
Anw «i rjuJe. ay iocrowi willbi 
•fcr utd ali u'll be p«n<li^ Jl 
is Acidic delijnorprOTKkncalhM 
vi< IhoJd <u liui Uh be fircc £w 
the tteGej£cy of cai • ud CBcni» 
febtJBM will coDUnue to U in ai- 
MilMiGiwftancK- Itk faliyAr 
dw cbitrchia tbi: frcimtagttn^r 
fcA tlx <Lty iiU«4> (her* MBkW 
oxnucti coitutKioDh bcict««»«fr 
Miion% ind dk£cukics. OitaOl 
iiu>fi need* CDtce, l)u( iJw Ml 
diiutiitit miy be t(wd4»d 
iio»«d i Urt *•«€ wi*t» 


■Hemm-h 9U Hebrews "f* 7. 


kcd of hini.' ' In due fcafon we 
fluU reip if we faint net.' Chrift 
kas promi&d that * tlie gates of 
htU fluU not [prevail agaioll hia 
cfaurob.' He will raife then up 
bathful miaifKirSy and give his peo- 
ple that firmnelsy vigilance, aAiv- 
iq^t £uth and prayer, by which 
tbey AuU come oflf conquerors, 
thro' bini that hath loved them. 
Theic labors are the things which 
(hall work out fur us a far more ex- 
ceeding and eternal weight of glo- 
ry* * Ve»r not, little flock, it is 
your Father's good pleafure to 
give you the kingdom.' 

now fuitable it is that we 
Aouid account ourfdvcs pilgrims 
and ftrangers on earth. What fol- 
ly to fufler our hearts to be fixed 
mpon uy thing here. We Aould 
fikonr adfeAioos on things that 
are 9koft§ and feck a city which 
htlh finmdations. How mifera- 
hkto be intoxicated with any 
fUng on earth. — How fweet will 
hwvcH be to the people of God, 
lAer bang weather-beaten, and 
lofled by the ftorms of this world 
through life. How fwcet for foi- 
diert to obtain the vidlory, and be 
permitted to lay afide the watch- 
ingSp fatigues and dangers of an 
bard campaign. How delightful 
10 hear our Lord fay, ^ Well done, 
gopd and faithfRJ fervant, enter 
ibM into the joy of thy Lord.' 
Then the labors of this life will be 

tiMy compenfatcd. But how 

wietfihtd niuft they be, who never 
enter into rdi. ' There is no reft 
ID the wicked faith my God.' It 
will be qrite infupportable to con- 
cenpkte an hopelcfs eternity, of 
nwtiiie wretchednefs, in endlcfs 
pralped. I«et us then hy hold on 
4k hope that is fet befoie us, and 
ii/bt the good fifijit of tiiith. 

.. . . illKROS. 

Foa THE Coif MccTicuT Evan- 


Heb. V. 7. " Who in the day J 
of his fiefli, when he had offered up 
prayers and fupplications, with 
llrong crying and tears, unto him 
who was able to favc him from 
death ; and was heard in that he 

THESE vord9 have « 
reference to the prayer and 
sgony of Chrift in the garden, of 
which the cTangelifts give a bifto- 
ry ; and perhaps to wliat he faid 
when on the crofs, when be cried 
with a lonJ voieef " My God, my 
God, why haft thou forlaken me ?*' 
In thefe fupplications and this ago* 
ay he prayed that the fuffcrings of 
which he now had an extraordina- 
ry, and more dreadful and over- 
whelming view and icnie, than he 
ever had before, he alked that if 
it were poflible and coniiftent with 
the will of the Father, that tho 
dreadful hour of fuffering, the bit* 
tercup which was now full in view, 
and filled his foul with di(faie& 
which fcemed intolerable, might 
pafsfrom him, and he be excufed 
fiom drinking : But if this could 
not be, that he mip^ht be fupported 
and carried through this dreadful 
icene, fo tliat all the ends of hit 
fuffering might be fully anfweredi 
in the glory of God and the com- 
plete falvation of all the eleft 

It was wifely ordered, and of 
great importance, that the human 
nature of Chrift fhould have a clear 
and full view of the fufierings he 
mud ondcrgo in order to make 
atonement for the fins of meni 
while he bore tlicir fins, and took 
the guilt and punifhment on him- 
fclf, and knew what it would coft 
him, that he might voluntarily 
give himfclf up to this, and con- 
lent to bear it all, in the raofi ira- 
prdlive fenfc aind Vvew ol \Xi ^x*^ 


Rrnarlu om Stin^i 


fed by the iniraediate iimd of Cod. 
In oidcf 10 ih« the cifp he mufi 
<!ri«k io hii CufferinES was f« be- 
fan h'lia in the gxrden, in all the 
dixidrj biuemcrs ef it, thu he 
might hiTC ojiponunity to rtfuTe 
or choofe 10 drink it, while it wu 
thui before hiin in s!1 ibc drudfu]- 
BtU of it. And what he faid in 
thiiGtMtion, ftiTcdto miKC the 
moft clear and affcfting diffcovery 
ef theinipoflibility of the filratioi) 
of Coaers in any wsy bui by hii 
drinking this cop, and tulfcringall 
that was implied in it; and of hi* 
love 10 Cod and hi^ prople, in vol- 
uotarily giving hiinr?lf jp to thcfe 
fuffcrings, in a (iill view of them, 
en the fuppolition ot ilic impoJS- 
bility of the fiUation or ftnneti in 
jny other way confiftcni with the 
will »nd glory of God. 

There is no ujfon to fuppofe 

that the :tsonizlng fcelings and ex- 

rtifesof the Pjviour nerc caufed 

the influence and atTaulti of ft- 

cone ; behold the foa of nu i« 
betrayed intoilie hand* of Qascn.'' 
verfe 41. And, the hcur K-i 
b>i hour ii frr^tirntiy ufed to de- 
note the time of^hit laH {\i&tinp, 
Matt. xx*i. 4$. " Behold it 
hoar is at hind, and (he (ba «f 
man is betrayed into the buidtaf 
Cnnen *' John xii. 17. ** Now 
it my fcul troubled ; and what ft^ 
[ lay ? Father, fare me from tlM 
hour * But foe thii caulc canie t 
unto ihii hour." chap. xiu. i. 
" When Jcfut knew that bis bow 
waj come, that be Iboald dcpm 
out of tbit world." eha^ xvii. 1. 
" Father tlit hour ii come ; gl^ 
tify thy Son." &c. Aod that the 
cup does not mean what he ftt 
feied in the garden n ixttun, iroai 
hti fpeaking of drinking thit 0>p 
after that dinrefi and agony ou 
over. When Pettt had cut ■fftbe 
right car of the high-pciefi'« lb* 
Vint, Chriflfaid tohim, •' Potif 
thy fword into the Ihcaih ; T" 


Remarif on HthreuH v. 7. 


which were im mediately before 
him than with thofe which were 
further ofF, and more out of (ight 
When the city of Jcmfalcm and 
the miferable inhabitacts were in 
fnll vieWy and their felly and mif- 
erable end were imjucfTcd on his 
mindy he wept over it, faying, if 
thou hadft known, even thou, at 
leaft in this thy day, the things 
which belong unto thy peace ! But 
now they are hidden from thine 
eyes, ficc. At another time, and 
a difTcrent fituation, he rejoiced in 
fptrit, and faid, I thank thee, O 
Father^ Lord of heaven and earth, 
chat thou haft hid thcfe things from 
the wife and prudent, and haft 
revealed them unto babes. 

The different fituation in which 
Chrift was when he prayed in the 
earden, from that in which he 
^ake the words recorded in John, 
and from which he had been in ail 
his life beforci which has been de- 
Icribed above, will account for his 
diSerent ftelings and language, ef- 
pecially if we confider the dcfigD 
which was to be anfwered by it, 
which has been briefly mentioned. 
Different feeling and language ; 
but not contrary : for, 

Anf. 2. He did not fay in tlie 
gardcfif Father fave me from this 
hours unconditionally ; but if it 
were poiEblc and confiflent with 
the glory and will of God, and the 
fahation of the ele^, otherwife 
he did not afk or defire the cup 
might pafi from liira. His lan- 
guage (till wa?, Father, glorify thy 

Anf. 3. It would Im: really in- 
confiftent with his woids uhich 
John relates, and his knowing and 
often predicting :hat hcfhoulddi? 
on the crofs, to pr.iy now tliat he 
might not die in the garden ; for 
this was inconlillcnt and impofliblj 
if he were to be crucified There- 
fore the ohjcdor by tr\ i^j to avoid 

one fuppofed incoi^iillcncy, runs 
into a real and paljHiblc one, in 
making the obje^lion. 

But it has been f^iid, that when 
Chrift prayed carnelUy unto him 
who was able to favc him from 
death, he was heard, anJ delivered 
from tiie death he feared, which 
therefore mufl be his being laved 
from dying in the garden, which he 
feared ; for ho was not favcd from 
dying on :hc crofs. 

Anfwcr. It is not faid, that \u 
being heard, he was faved from 
death, cither in the garden, or on 
the crofs ; but that he deliv- 
ered from the evil which he feared. 
This was not merely dying on die 
crofs, as he a^ually did, but fluk- 
ing down knd pcrlfhing under tli' 
wrath of God againfl finners,whofl- 
plncc he had taken, and the weigh! 
of their amazing 'luilt which now 
he clearly apprehended, and was 
ibon in a true fcnfe, to fall on him. 
He felt thattiic liiiman nature v.'a.. 
altogether unequal to bear up un- 
der this inliiiitc v.'ei;;!'.t, and go 
through this fcene of fufFciing, fu 
as to anfwrr the end propoftd ; buf 
v/ouKl cenainly ilnka-nJ pcrith, .md 
fail of tl'.e whole ilcil^n r»rcM>ofcd 
in the icd^mption of tlic ;Lct, un- 
lofs he was fii}ij.oit:d by the al- 
mighty h;ind of God. This w;»s 
what he above all iliiiig's feared ; 
and in this he was licaid, and (de- 
livered from/iH.h a lUuth, Whin 
he had refigned to the will of God, 
and was willing to faf!'er, he, und^^r 
the apprehcnficns jull mcntloneda 
agonized and prayed mon e.xrneJlU 
that he night he fnpportcd nn^i 
carried throvdi dvj awful fcent 
before him with propriay and fur- 
cefs, fo tl'ai all the glciious pi r- 
jjofts of hii fi.lfeiing'; mi^hi bt an- 
IwtieJ, and ?11 the ekx'l obt.iin 

It is r.ov/ Icf: to the reader *.»» 
judge bev,.v,t; \\\^ m"\\'x^"-?\c^A\^>': 

At»j.7. dd MatiiM H "iti 



I tiiT&of thbtcxT.indMhtnuliich 

I Ttougih M Manlfai %\. fori cf 

—— " Fat if iht niiglKy w»ik*i 
I wbich wcTt doni: in yuu, h»d bctb 
I done in Tyte and Sidon, ifacj' 
I would haTC rr)!cat«l long a|« is ' 
I Likdoth in J ^Ihct. I 

" Fur if die nJ-hly w«kt, 
I wliith have bceo done la thre> liaJ 

D ilooe ia Sodom, k would (mvc 
I temtincd uduI thii diy " 

I CONCEIVE, y^■t arr to un- 
drflhud from rrri]ilL:rt, that 
: means and mfthL»li of grtcc, 
I *rc not, of ihcmfelvi:^ f^vlrl)^ or 
I d6 not prodi:cc: true tc]<cnHOct. 
I Thev are made effcfiuil, (inly by 
e hiecial opctnticmt oi ihc Holjr 

ntnliailt, vliich Cod u«riVh£ at^ 

ID kit tioti, b our StlAnMcf^tt 
Sa. And we rciiislii refefiaof 
dewmined to perferert tli • QrI 
of imp^ntWncT. Our flnU totf 
Utioni lure 1 fixninrff. Which df 
mora! motini, no ^tfURiMut VA 
DO eridcncc and lichr la Ood't^ 
end uord, art ibk in the Ica%tB 
sictr or ifcaie. Erety meafi) At 
moA co^cDT and pdtn^T ODT nB^ 
nl lican, mabcs out a> rrfll t 1 
wlh not futtei itftWio be wiirtgp* 
upon, by cither Goi'i Word it | 
providence ; but rtoallR QjS t^ 
renewed, and firmly Tct in the tCTft 
and choice of tJn. 

li, ilicrtfoff, nothing men Vt 
AotK for Cnntii, not dot dT tita 
wAuld b« fived. If, only tlie j^ 
^1 be pnjvidcd, and frt Mfilttt^ 
with .'fi the mod winning 


RoMorks on Mutti/ew xi. 21, 23. 


sperations of the Spirit. TJicfc. 
3peratxoB8 are effedlual, in ch wing- 
ing our hard and ilony hearts. 
rhcfe produce a moral change, 
lontiAiDg io regeneration and con- 
irerfion. They excite holinefs, or 
lue gofpel repentance. And no- 
iiiDg fhort of the energies of the 
Eloly Spiriti is able to cffeft any 
-adical change, or, in the ]e»ti, to 
liter the inclination. Tiie Holy 
Spiritf in the view of gofpcl means, 
fabduesthe heart, flays itsciimitvi 
ind brings us to lay down the arms 
^rebellion, in a cordial fubmif- 
Eoo to Chrifl and his government. 
Ail holy exercifcs and alTe^ions 
in maoj are the cfTcd of the Holy 
Spirit. And by his influence 
doney divine revealed trutli, and 
iQ religious inftitutions and means, 
become efficacious and falutary. 

Paul " planted but God gave 

the increafc.'* '< It is the Spit it 
that quickeneth." The gofpel 
Sands ''in dcmonftration of the 
Spirit, and of power." 

If, reader, this be a jufl rcpre- 
fentation, then the repentance fpo- 
ken of in the pafiage above, mud 
meant either imperfeift repentance, 
fuch as was that of Ahab, and ma- 
ny other wicked men ; confiding, 
not in a radical moral renovation, 
bat in a ftrong check und redraint, 
bid upon their (inful inclinations, 
a&d which may be produced, by 
aeansy wiih(||»t fpecial grace. — 
This fort of repentance is, fomc- 
iimel, availing to avert God'? 
tbreatcned judgments. It was fo 
in the cafe of Ahab : and in Sod- 
only if there had been even fuch 
esuernal rcf'^rmation and repcnt- 
artbe, ** it would have remained 
oodl this day." And fuch a kind 
of repentance, Chrid aflen;t, his 
' mighty works* which wtre done 
h CaperQaum, would have pro- 
doced tn Sodonia 

Or, el(e, if it be evangelical re- 

V6L. II. No; 8. 

pcntance, in the paflage, (which I 
think is not probable) then the 
meanirg of the * mighty works' 
mud be extended, fo as to include 
the fpecial influences of the Spirit, 
by which alone holincfs and real 
gofpel repcntancp, are produced. 
And the cdc«5t :s afciibcd to the 
mighry works, which is ndlually, 
the effc^of the Huly Spirit. This 
is a manner of expreflion which 
often occurs in the fcriptures — 
•* The word," it is faid, " is able 
to favc our fouls." But this can 
mean only when attended, and fet 
home, by the influences of the 
Spirrt. And all tlic efficacy which 
the word has to favc, it derives 
from God's fpecial and fovereign 

We will now clofe with two re- 

i. We hence learn the totally 
lod, and wretched condition of 

Our hearts are naturally To en- 
tirely bent on iin, that no means 
can prove tfledlual to our repent- 
ance and faving good. We ob- 
dinately rcfid all the giacious 
methods which God kindly ufcs 
with us ; and rcfolutcly peril d in 
fin, continually acquiring greater 
degrees of obduracy and hardncfs 
of heart. We are fixed in our 
oppolition to God. Our natural 
hearts arc fo firmly inclined to fin, 
that if Gcd k.ive ur, barely to the 
cfFcft of his v/ord and providence, 
fhal! certainly pcrfid in our 


wickcdncfs, and plunge ouifclves 
into rcmcdilcfs woe. Here, then, 
v/c fee our great finfulnefs, and 
wholly lod date, fincc all the gra- 
cious methods which God in his 
infinite wi(<iom has contrived, have 
no iaviog operation upon us, and 
produce no holy affe^ions. 

2. We are uught the neceflity 
of the Spirit to renew the heart. 
We have needi M^^ ^tX') ^i ^\^ft.« 

JC* .la 

Idutcr to befti before u;, ttit of 

Ithfhcin. Tho" CKtIiI Ius been 
BptoviiicJ for '!», ye; we jrc Jifjio. 
MfeJ 10 rejcQ Cbiilt .i^d the gofpcl, 
laodlt is fure ihi: mc (hill not ac- 
Iccpt, Bnleb wt arc made \viUii<n in 
lihe day of Cod't puwti. The 

■ iUfidiu: almighty power uf the 
lad Sf'iril, is Joo'^ fiiffioicnt lo 
lopcraic upon, and iffcH a tnoial 
IrenovAtion at' ow rjlurAl hciiu. 
lUolcfs God, bv fovcrcign, rich, 

■ tnd all-powcilul grace, f:ive uj, we 
Iperini. Let us then fcti the need 
Iweluvc of chc nevi-biiih, .Jid of 
Ithe Holy Spiiit tu |toduce it. 
(And 111 us be dttyly imijieffljii 

aith this coDQdd aion, thu u-e 
—mult be {xvcd, >' by the wiftung 
lof re^cner:ttian> and rcr}ewi[i2af 
|[heHolyChoii.- V. Z. 

. ttt Dtalh-BtJ. tF»«. 

wu a TCijr docile <:liiU.po£d£o^ 
a lively and Ingeaioti) &iicy, a 
quick difccntment, lad a cleu 
judgment. Ai twenEV ]wn of 
a^e, hcc fifure wu agiecablr, her 
rnaoneri preafing, ha* inj been }» 
[irovert at a boarding Idiool k i 
diftani town ; and her (iro^c^ i) 
life ivcre fuch ai the worij qfl ll| 
mofl favorable and haf^y. Bc 
tliougt) from Iiri cdouuoo ■■ 
good nianoen (he p£tij dcfCDt H^ 
ward rtfpcd to rHision, « lUi^ 
it d*!!! not appear, ilial ttf )h4 pf 
teJ experience of !» ^taX pMV 
and heavealy coufwUtuni. lk0 
and Ihow, ^rd the UMoStmaitiVi 
yuuth fcemcd to banlRt tna ttf 
mind ilie pUtn ctutiei, ud •■'*> 
fublbrtkl joys of teli^ioit. 
then feemed not to cowpril^ 
Saviour** ineffable love, oOt »^ 
£df ratcly 10 fed a, Tiaw^xgHioi 
H'ttnchedaUs. Reittmtng t>oMi 


yUm^tuiions from thi DiOfb-Bni, 


fr^xn xn cnli;>htened underrcaml- 
ixigv and u fuJI belief of the dc- 
cel£iy of regeneration fur adniilLin 
iDto the kingdom of Jicavcii. She, 
at lengthy admittctl tJic hope of 
haTing experience' 1 this delirable 
change. Her anxloiics and di£> 
crefll'S ^&'C^c removed ; and the ap- 
peared to be filled with a fwcct 
cranqainity of mind, daily rejoicing 
in Chrifl, and often fpex.king with 
delight of the a(loni(hing wonders 
of redeeming love. She obtained 
the religious diary of an eminent 
Chriffian. which (he often read 
with pleafurei feeling lier own ex- 
periences cor rcfpon ding in many 
particulars. At this period, (he 
looked forward to an approaching 
dayof death with great trancjuilJi- 
ty of miudy and pr jfelTcd a rcadi- 
oefs to die, at God's will ; appear- 
ing to have the mo ft lively hopes 
OMoifliog glorified faints and an- 
(cls 10 heaven, in Tinging the fong 
of Mofes and the Lamb. The 
AAance of time prevents mc from 
difiioAiy rccoUc^ing many of her 
OWD words, which were fome of 
chezn peculiarly exprciEvc and ia- 
terelting. She liiniented that (he 
\iskd done (b little for God and the 
interells of religion in the world, 
and that fhe had (pent the nioft in- 
lerefting and impreiEble period of 
this life* in walking in a vain (how. 
She longed to redeem that precious 
time, wnich had been inconfider- 
ately walled in the vanities of youth 
«-bat knowing this to be impoffi- 
hki her only refuge was in the all- 
fnficient righteouinefs of the great 
Rodeemery whom (he believed to 
have betrn wounded for our (ins 
amUvuiled for our iniquities, that 
w9b his ftri{)es the penitent believ- 
•- «jr might be healed. — During her 
fickneis I frequently viGted her, 
and converted frejly with her ui)on 
k IIk oatiire and duties of laving re- 
^ Sipm» and upon her own views and 

hopt^s beyond the grave. — A ftw 
days before her death, (he fent for 
me, for tiic laic time, to come and 
pray with and for her, as (he ex* 
pedtcd dally tu die. I found her 
greatly debilitated in body, (her 
voice 1 educed to a kind of loud 
whifpc?) and threatened with e\*e- 
ry appearance of fpeedy death s 
but her underflanding was foundt 
and her mind completely tranquil. 
— Finding her elated with fpiri:ual 
joys above the terrors of death, and 
fully fenfible of its near approach* 
the converfation was chiefly turned 
upon the inti^'efting natuie of a 
change of worlds. I told her that 
death would clo(c her probationary 
(late forever ; that as (he died, a 
(Inner or a Chriftian, fo (he would 
arifc, and be found in the day of 
judgment, and fo (he would remain 
to all eternity. She appeared to 
be fully fenfible of this, and in fub- 
ftancc replied, that (he hoped (he 
had humbly and (erioudy conlider- 
ed the mat:er — I tlien told her» 
that rt (he was dtceivcd in her 
hope of being intercAed in Chrift» 
in whom (he now profeflcd to 
trud with fo mv.cli con(idcncey 
when (he (liould come to ap« 
pear before the great fearcher of 
all hearts* her profelCoris here 
would be in vain, and (he muft fail 
of being an heir of falvation. Shcy 
in fubdance, replied, that (he felt 
this to be a very foiemn thoiighty 
and a mod weighty confideraiiony 
which had conliderably tried her 
mind ; but, that (lie felt that full 
belicfand joy in Chrill, which (he 
could not think to be a delufion.— 
I told her, that dcatli was in its 
very nature terrible to man, as fe- 
parattng the foul from the body, 
and cIoGng our eyes upon our 
friends, the world and all its en- 
joyments ; and aAvcd her what im- 
prefEons the thoughts of it made 
upon her mind. SU^i \e^V\^^> *''' V 

JJmtnitiani fnm df Dt^Btd 


" !u»e BO defire to lire iny loa- 
** gtr in this nia wprld. I fee 
'* noihing in i* worth living fot.^ 

" f am not afuifl to die ; nor »ra 
" lafrxiJiobcdcad. — Myfrieods 
" I IciTC in the hinds of a merci- 
*' fill God — I hope to fee ihem 
" igain iti ,i bcvci wpild." — She 
fpoke thcic wcrdi in i mod fwe« 
and tiintjjil minner, expreffitc 
of the genuirc fcctinps of her 
hein — To fcr, anJ a perfon 
of her ige, r.sturjl ultmi and im- 
proTemcn;! i!i liff, i\iih ihe mofb 
plcifiiig WDtlilly mofpeifls before 
ker. (feeling hnfjf w he on the 
Tcry brink of the ffist\ caitTcHc 
in thii humble, r^iional, relied 
and tranquil manner, on deuh and 
the profpefis of eternity, naturally 
itnprtfTed the mind of ihe beholder. 
With a Jeep fiir.fc of ihc propriety 
of EJiam'5 vi!h, ■■ Let me die 
the J«tl. of tlie tighteoui, and If. 

fed ! Bteftd !" ^Marag. bf 

tbefe words, u wu funded, u 
exprefi the greaindi of Ker joy la 
dying, in the Ibwig and fjnlnij 
hope of eateting immcdiaicJy into 
glory. She then died, in l aw> 
meni, wiiiioui a ftrugjilc or ifrMB. 

■■ Ah lo*d} ipporaDcc of ioAt 

IfcTcr ilieappeinkpcccf death ro 
lovely, ii ■vw lovely in LontiL— 
O redeeming grace, how fupeHet 
thy glory !— Nem did T^in ^ 
lofophy yield up the 'unmorul ^ 
rii to ihe Almighty Creator, wnk 
fuch compofure, dignity, and fwcn 
rciign^tiott, joyfully actictpnaga 
immcdiiiie cntiince into ifie fl>r 
dife of Cod — Louifa'i liiiliOiR' 
came the worid. She Itaew ii 
whom Ihe had bclievwL Sb( 
trulled in the covenant mcfcrtl 


Lenian Ml^nerj Soetttj. 

Z^tfr/rem the DireHort ef the 
LonAn Mi^a«.iry Ste'uty, le 
the Trujlen of the Mijmary 
Seeiity of Ceai:el!icut. 

Chbistiah Bkethkes, 

UNITED as we sre in the 
iillharid fe!lo^^ll!ip of ih; 
Sufpcl, and cn^ngfcl ui ilic fame 
WeflVH cayfe, the cKtnfion of the 
knowledge of that gldTionj Nun: 
by which only men are favcd } wi; 
CUinot bu*. feci towarils you broth- 
crlv afiedtion, and v iih you good 
^cd in the name uf the Lord. 
It ii a fubjcjt at once sninating to 
niinocrown enrieavouii, and cal- 
ling for CDngTat'jh:i>'>n to our fel- 
low laborers, that ii-.<: Lord hath 
been pleaftd to I'jircad abroad in 
the minds of hit i'co;ik' in evef3' : 
place a ffurit of earned praytr Tir ; 
the fulfilment of thiife glorious ] 
promifej which rcUtc w the prof- [ 
pcrit^oftheReHccmev's Kingdom ; I 
anddiatas the bcncvL(li:iiceofliri- | 
Gfritfihctr prayers ar^ .-.cciiin;i:ini' | 
cd with corrcfpondin^ exertions. ; 
Is not this the ufurj courTc nf the { 
4ivine condcfl ? U rcr this ;i fipn : 
thuthe time the fc; tiinv to iavur ; 
Zion is at hrtnd, if not cu: 
Did God ever fny to the feed of 
Jacob, leek my Face in vain i Let 
Ml thetefure, dear r'r:;thren, by 
ftcb Ticws 3s tiiclc, — by the con- 
fideniioD nf u-hat is to be done, — 
by the obligations wl- hc undrr to 
snr bleJTcd Kodcemci and the fouls 
of our fcllow.mEn, — by the recol- 
kaioo of the (honn<.A ,.f the 
tiOK and the>nima:inghcpe of the 
ncompcncc of reward, encournge 
Dae another ; and in the l^rengtli 
if him who has promifed tii teach 
flor hands to war a::d c-.r f.;-,gcrito 
Cght — " j;o forward" and ceafe 
WKfrom the conflia (III Zion Hull 
become the praiieof the earth. 

The Lord u in various ways de- 
fsg great tilings whereof we ure 


glad. He hu fivtn Teils to the 
tdmlniFtrations of iliofe afltially 
laboring in the milUnnary field, 
beth under the patronage of this, 
and of other foe ic-Jts. The pub- 
lication of the fctiDons and of the 
report of the Dire^ors, given at 
our late fcventh anacal meeting 
will have informed you, before this 
tetter can reach you, of the num- 
ber and circumlUnces of our ac- 
'.oal ^TilSona^y Stations, to the 
lime of that meeting. We (liall 
not iliercfbrc Tei>ca[ what you will 
there find. 

Mod of tlic accounts tincc re- 
ceived from oi;r ffvtral Miffiona- 
tics are confolatiiry and animating. 
Thofj from out venerable brother 
Dr. \'andetker.ii. are peculiarly 
fo. Goil continues to uphold and 
rircngthen him, and to furround 
him with fuch fl^nal manifclbtioni 
of his providential care ar llroog- 
iy to reviv; in our minds the re- 
collfotion ol tb" wimder? which 
he diJ of old in the land nf If- 
ratl. To en Hint rate ih;f",' v/ould 
bcpli.tfiiiis !)ut :!■; thcv cdil'.I (^a- 
ly hi accocn'rs we Hull 
nor HbrilI^^; the pliafuii' yoi will 
lectivc fror.i the iiaaifefli'd rtcital 
of Them in his own words, wMch 
will be given in a:i culy ;ian!;:rcf 
the Evan^cli'-al Ms^izirv- But 
what is better, hr; has rcuncl ilie 
firii fruits of his labors nrnong '.he 
untnlinhicned C^lfres with whom 
hi.' dwells. Our other btvthren 
coo are not v/iih-jiit enceurage- 
mcnt, both from paft experience 
and future proi"^:fts. Several 
hfithen have been baptized, one 
at leaft among th.- Dofchcmen hat 
died in the l-iith ; others feem to 
be awakened. TJ-.crc is c»e(i 
ground to h.7:; ih.t God will rer- 
der the poor naiiv-- employed as an 
interpreter to t'le Bjfchemcn, no^ 
only a reporter of what he is told 
byatlte»,bat.L7c\&u:.t <al ■s'ttw.Ve 

Lamdam Miffmtg Smi^ 

3 IB 

Jiimfel!' hli Tctn. uHtdind reUcf 
ilM word of life. We bii*e in- 
tkertoadil RrpeAiajgout Licthnn 
U) Ibn qiuittr, thai vi: iruil ihcy 
wiU I'bot «iiii iocrrjliag encour- 
uencat and iStSi, trom the Jtf* 
bAance chcy will rrccirc rii>m Utc 
Mifieurici Ulcly feat aul Ui ibtir 
tid ukI ot' whofi; I'Ji: sirio-il ai 
Um C*j>c we hiTc jdl iijJ the hj|>- 




M.lfiorancs -.o t',c Sojlh ScM, 
fi-«m New-HulUnd fnch accsnnti 
a tcnii to [cmovL* ilie reauimng 
apprehcaUoni wl- rniei rained for 
the (jfety of the bicthii'Q who n- 
mined bctiind, and even to en- 
Cuutip the hu|j< iliac ilie Lord lui 
^rdcioL:: dcfigns tuwardi Uuu pes* 
pie, aliJiaugU lie ha: been plir^cd 

of thaoUuliK& : and woulul »■ 
knowtrdgt with unfti^oid griti- 
ititle to ih« Father of uur tneidci, 
ihit hi! hai accoinii,iiiied our fee- 
hie efTom with ugRj rdloiruj. 
Yet vc acccQDt not ouHcIm to 
have ittuned. Thefc thingt vc 
contiijer U but the liyiog of dkc 
litrt llonciof future ind more at 
tviifivt boildingj. And at tht 
faiae time that u-e would eonfinn 
and eiilacg: the Auiom j|ic±dTOO- 
cupicri, Vc *re not uomiadful tt 
fuch other new oou, as the eil& 
of provideiice, or «n enUiMl 
knowledge of the &xx of at 
voild pBint out to ui. Tiiefe rile 
continually to our view At plrf 
ent tvc fauTi^ but one MiiSoBsry ii 
the extenfive region of India- It 
h, iherrfore, BtariD ourbeitlltO 
fend him out ample alEQnet « 
foooastbe Lard ihall fun^ 


London MtJJionary Soeuty, 


it (bmc one to rqieat tlie 
: chorus *' Glory to God in 
ighefty and on earth peace 
^ill towards men." God 

indeed to be uking unto 
f his great power, and man- 

1 it by tJic inllrii mentality of 
rvants. He is r^iifing up 
elpers in the work ; new fo- 

are forming ; plans varying 
T means but uniting in their 
are every where adopting, 
brethren of the church of 
nd have engaged in the work. 

Society is yet in its infancy 
B trad ** the little one will 
le a thoufHnd." On the 
icnt of Europe, the flame 
'oken forth. Mon unknown 
b other have been devifing 
<ds for propagating tlie gof- 
lod were adonlQied to fmd 
they began to communicate 
riews that they were an hod. 
orre(pondencc with yaiious 
>f your quarter of the globe, 
lis refpe^ confolatory in the 
} degree ; and the more fo, 
lame evidence of divine ap- 
tioD which has we humbly 
diftinguifhcd our endeavors. 
Ho marked theirs ; that in 
rtion as the minds of God's 
ihave been concerned for the 
on of the natives of didant 
riesy religion has revived and 
I in tlieir own. 

oong other excellent modes 
operation in the blcfTed work, 
Mild not omit to mention that 
I DOW engages confidcrable 
ion here and clfc where ; the 
ation of the holy fcriptures 
s language of nations 
I are eithci totally deflitutc 
Ltineftimable trcadirejor pof- 

in a very fcaoty mcafure. — 
iuvc reafon to ilr.nk that we 
[cc a copious edition of the 

of God in Arabic and a 
ation of it into Chlncfc pub- 

liflied in England : the h(k ac- 
counts received from the Milfiona- 
rics of our Baptift brethren in In- 
dia, inform us that the publication 
of it in the Bcngalic language is 
nearly completed ; and our own 
fociety is taking meafures for print- 
ing and circulating in the Catholic 
countries of Europe, a large impref* 
(ion of the New TeAament in the 
French language, accompanied 
with an extcnfive introdu6Hon, by 
our refpeftable and learned brother 
Mr. Begue, the EngliHi edition of 
which is at the point of publication. 
Our chief ditHculty in our Mif- 
fionary work is, procuring inflru- 
ments well adapted for the arduous 
ftations they are intended to fill, 
and to this we are direAing our 
attention. We have lately eftab- 
liihed a Seminary for the inftrjc- 
tion of thofo who arc in ether ref- 
pe^s qualified, under the care of 
our above mentioned brother, Mr. 
Bogue. At prefcnt there are but 
two young men in preparation, but 
they arc both highly promifmg tor 
piety and talents. 

Such, dear brethren, are ov.r 
prcftnt fiiuation and future deGgns. 
But time woul(4 fall, — our hearts 
warm with the fubjc(5> would lead 
us to trar.fgrcfs the bounds of a 
letter. We muft therefore refer 
you for further information to the 
intelligence which is from time to 
time communicated in the Evan- 
gelical Magazine, which is known 
to you. 

We have read with pleafure the 
few numbers of your Evangelical 
M<igazines which have reached u:;. 
The account it pjvcs of the various 
revivals of religion in your coun- 
try exhillrate our hearts, and 
ftrcngthcn cur humb'c belief that 
v/e may infcrihe upon our mutual 
cnvieavors, " Jehovah Sham mail." 

Favor us, dc?.T bio.Vvcwv^ ni\^ 
your corrcfponAtxvct. TTW^^ ^wtw- 



J yonr v.cws, your 
ciekfuici, your diincultics and your 
fuccds. Be ElTured *•= flull v.ctp 
when you weep, and rejoice when 
yau rejoice. In r.o caufe moie 
than, cin bciny co operrJcn 
be either more needful oi more 
•ftSuil. Above all, let m ftrirc 
eaiDtftly logeihirita Throne of 
Gra^c. Th; Miilor.ary feed maft 
be wjtcreiJ by praytr L« us 
piead the promises itlaling to the 
extcnli^n of the Rcdeiimer's King- 
dom — they are as anple as out 
heitis caa willi ; kt us rely on 
the faiihfulncfs □! him who hath 
made th^ra, — thai is fufficierit fc- 
curity for their accomplilhnieoi — 
HawaiiiniatingixiCtalliiDk thatall 
thi: roi'ctcignly myflerious difpeBfa- 
lions of divine Providence now 
abroid in tlie earth, and which 
teirlfy the n^idons. ler.d to 
thi, obji-LSs we huralily truft we 
tlie declaration of 

TI-IE TptT.-.iEEiofii.eMi.- 
^iDHAKT Socitir ctCos- 
M^CTicur, sS; tlie atteDtioit of 
liie clergy and people of the (bte 
to tjie following acconot oF mtf- 
i.a^.^t:i Lh« clufcorLbcyeikr iSq); 
and of thtir ptoceedings ii>.9( 
difcharge of the inipoiiant tnR 
coia;Ti!Lted lo iheir managcnco^ 
The Miffionavics concendg 
whom the TrLilees have iafonHf 

Sah tilllihn, the Rev. T* 

Robert PoritfyV^T. Htxtliai 
the 'Rev. DaiLid Higs'uu, 
Jamil W. Wo^d'.varJ, the 
David Ifimiirgien, the Rev. 
cmlai HaUoik. the Rev. Jb* SJ 
the Rev. Sahrrton Morgj*, 
Rev. Jofcph Badger, the lUr. 
Esjlid J. Ckapmen, and tbe RCb 
David S^ccn. 

The r:rraiive puhilftied H 


Narrative of Myjions. 


> -■. 

divine goodncfs manifeftcd in ma- 
ny ways. I have enjoyed my 
health to fuch a degree as never 
in a fingle inltancc to fail of 
attending to my appointments to 
preach and hold conferences. I 
have bqen kindly received and 
bolpitably entertained almoft with- 
out an exception. In general I 
have found it pretty eafy to ^t 
people to afTcmblc to hear the 
wordy not only upon holy but al- 
io npon common days. Though 
I have not labored in the raoft 
fruitful part of the vineyard, nor 
fcen fuch a flocking to the (land- 
aid of Chrift, as ihofe who have 
been' .in Delaware and Otfego 
counties ; yet I have to acknow- 
ledge* to the oraife of free grace, 
that I have ieen very folemn af- 
iemUieSf in whicli the goings of 
our God and Kino were quite vif- 
iUe. It will appear from my 
journal, that my labors have been 
nore confined than what has been 
cominon for the midionaries. But 
I iuppofed ulcfulnefs was the ob- 
kft of the MiiEonary Society.*-^ 
i thought, fo far as I could judge 
from the pointings of divine Pro- 
vidence, that the Lord told me 
to continue in the country round 
t|ie Cayuga, witli eocouragcmetit 
dot my labors there would not be 
h vain. 1 did not know how to 
leave thofc pUccs where I faw 
fiich anxious countenances, and 
where numbers were aflcin^, 
UHImU mufl wi Jo to be faved ? 
"Rie ingathering has not been fo 
mat as wc hoped fori but per- 
Ups the feed which has not yet 
fining up» is not ail loft. The 
places which have been moAly 
my field of labors the year pift, 
aie large and full of inhabitants. 
Some of them would have been 
glad to have employed a mioifter 
i ihcmfelveSf and not to have been 
* dependant upon die Miflionary 
VWII. No. g. 

* Society. Their willingnefs to do 

* fomcthing towards helping them- 
' fclvcs wiu appear by the account 
' of the feveral contributions wliich 

* I have received ; which account 
' ii fubjoincd to this narrative. The 
' people would be able and willing 
' to do much more, if they could 
' make their contributions in the 

* produce of their farms. Money 

* with fome is fcarce." 
In the early part of the year 

1801, Mr. IVilBfion fpent four 
weeks, in the counties of Tioga 
and Otfego ; and performed a 
fiiort tour of about three weeks to 
the fettlements on Black River. 
In both thele mii&ons he met with 
a welcome reception ; and found 
many people who were snxious to 
be viCted by miffionaries. 

In the fpriog he made a vifit tQ 
Coqnedlicut, and in May returned 
to L if] e in Tioga county, to take 
the paftoral charge of the people of 
that place, for three-fouiths of the 
time, by corTcnt cf the board of 
Truflees, and to labor as a miflion- 
ary the other nart of the time. 
Daring the fummcr ;ind fdl, he 
made four (hort circuits, amount- 
ing in the whoh to eight weeks, 
,. in the counties of Onondagri, Cay- 
- uga, ClK'uan;:;o and Tioga, in the 
; Itatc of New- York, and in the 
; county of Luzerne in the flate of 
. Pcnnfylvania. In thefj cli *uits 
t he vilited fome fctiiCiccnts where 
I there had never before been any 
: preaching ; he daily preached lee- 
' turts ; and performed other minif- 
{ tcrial fer vices, as opportunity pre- 
' fent^d or occafion required. In 
many places, falfc teachers were 
endeavoring to propagate errone- 
ous fcntiments ; and there llill is 
an in creafing neceffity for zealous, 
faithful miffionaries to countcraft 
their baneful influence. 

In the laft narrative, the Rev. 
' JedidLib Bulhnell it XDftu^\QU^'Uk 

NarraliM! aj M\^on. 


then liboring in the weftern coun- 
[iesof New^ork. He returned' 
Id Januiry, hiving fpcnt eleven ' 
mooilia and nine Axj-i un Iiis mif- 
fion. Id his juur.iil he obferm : ' 
"During my miiEon, I formed 
*. z churches i admrniflcred the 

* facrament of the L-jrd's Supper 
•^Tj .tiiflcs ! preached ^\^ ft:'- 

* tnons ; .it tended 86 public con- 

* fi:tcnces % and bipt'zed Jj^pcr- 
' Ton? ; — %% of them were adults 
' who w»re baptized on prtrfeffion 

* of their f±ith m ChriO, the Olh- 

* ers were children of profeffedly 
' believing parents. The fermons 

* were delivered in the fijilowing 
' touniie% 9 in the couniy of Al- 
' bany ; y in the county of Scho- 
' harric ; i in the couniy of Ulfter ; 
' 3 in the coun'y of Chenango j 6 
' in the county of Tioga ; 5 in the 

* county of Luzerne, ftite of 
■ ~ irily'v»nia ; 4 in the county 


,ed comptdiciid 
' a irafi of country nearly u Ur^e 

* as the ftate of Conneflicnt." 

Mr. Bajbmrl} tlien gives 1 pli- 
ticular accouol of s rcRiarkablen- 
vival of religion in thofe cotui&ii 
which, as it has been already j«b- 
lilhed inthe Conoeflitin Enncel- 
ical Magazine, the Trofttei Ai 
it unneccCary to inftrt b this nt- 

Mt. Bathnrii clofes hii joonnl 
as follows : <* I have htta treved 
' kindly in the widemefs- Tk 
' people prefeot their thanki toilk 

* Miffiotiaiy Society and to then- 
' habii^nti of Conneaicut, fit 
' their liberal coatitbutioas uda- 
< ertions for the fupport of iiiflim 
' to the newfetdenients TTwj 
' wifh the people in ConPeS i clU 
' grace, mercy and peace, an to»- 
■ dred^oM now in thii life, lA 
' in the world to come Kfr eTCrtiA- 


NarrMiive^ Mt/fionz.. 


\ arc very prevalent. There 
)ui few fcattcred over the 

who arc difpofed to make 
certion in their power to 

religion and to check the 
of error and vice. Their 
s however are necenariiy 
o a fmall fplierc, and tliey 
leed every a(fi(lance which 
lerived from able, faithful 
ies, until the towns become 
Jy populous to fupport the 
preaching of the gofpel. 
P^rter^ in the clofc of his 
obfervcs : " The lapidi- 

the fcttlemcnts on Black j 
is beyond all conception. 
n excellent country, the 
good, the water pure, and 
nate healthy. The pco- 
ited me kindly and with <it- 
. They generally attend- 
' ledurcs, and although 
{ remarkable occurred, yet 
every fermon appeared to 
d. It fccmcd to bring to 
oinds refle^onsto which 
they were ftrangers. Ma- 
the inhabitant*; often ex- 

a wiili fur the rcgulir 
Ing of the gofpel. They 
:d, with a Hgh, upon the 
; they once enjoyed, and 
iroented their mifimprovc- 
f it while it was in thiir 
Two or three towns 


nduced to f^t up regular 
gs upon the fdbbath ; and 
ircafon to hope that ha]>- 
ts will follow. It would 

and animate the heart of 
lious pcrfun in Connc^i- 

he could only realize the 
trhich is continually flow- 
the new-feiilements from 
inty. How jnuch infidel- 
ifiUie fwearing and fabbath- 
ig are prevented, and how 
immortal fouls arc proba- 
ed, by the labors of mif- 
:Si tlirough the blc fling of 

' God 1 Parents are t^ their means 
' awakened and animated in the 
' education of their children ; and 

* in one or other of thefe refpedlt 

< fcarcc a fingle fermon appears to 
' be loll. In two or three towns 

< I vifited, I preached the firft fer- 

* mon. Brt two or three ycar^ 
' paft, tjie name of Jefas was not 
' known in thofe places ; no hu- 
' man voice was heard but that o^ 
' the wandering fav^ige, and no 

* worship but pagan idolatry. Ma][ 

* this firfl attempt in thofe places to 
' exhibit the crofs of Chrift be 

* blefTcd to the few who heard > 
' and may the Chriftian name an4 
' fpirit continually fpread till the 

* whole world fliall become Em- 

* manuel's land !*' 

Lalt fall, Mr. Ihxeltah May, 
2L candidate for the miniflry, went 
on a miffion of lo weeks to the 
counties of Delaware, OtfegOy 
Chenango, Tioga and Steuben, in 
the Hate of New- York, and Lu- 
zerne county in Pennfylvania. He 
vifited many of the vacant fettle- 
ments in thcfe counties, and while 
on his miflion preached nearly 50 
times. In tlic wcftein part of his 
tour he found among the people a 
general inattention to religion \ 
though many were glad of an op- 
portunity to hear pleaching. Infi- 
delity and falfe principles are prev- 
alent ; and the fituation of tlie peo- 
ple is fuch as greatly to need the 
exertions of the friends of the 
tiu'.h to prevent the further fpread 
of error. The country is exten- 
fivd and rapidly fettling, and opens 
a wide field for mifFionary labors. 

Early in September, the Rev. 
DuvlJ Hig^'ins entered on a mif- 
fion to the weflcrn counties in the 
(late of New-York. The follow- 
ing extrafl of a letter from him, 
d?.t?!d Canandargua, N«v. 25, 
1801, will Ihow the progrcfs of 
his mUTvon 10 iVvax. vvkvc. 

" I £r3 rifr -f i eaty of tW Ict- 
' -ic^t™ >- -Jx :;■=■=;. of Drf»- 

* wire. i»i Oiit-r. wh«: I [.■aad 

■ the bdiE^ of isjr se^oo. tb- 

* Mf ven (idjocs to b^ fcJ vkh 
' tbe fincen nilk cf Jv: «atd i 

' ef £d a=-i ;:iiu;. led fj^iciMa ib« 
•bliicKK!. I hir- bca abfe 10 

* fpo<i ^ ■ "■ '-" * »o:ic rf gncc 

* m liteSf ci^jLtie: Um I>A Jtit. 

* Tboujh "J-.e cborchts v&Jck hart 
'Wrr. for»itd ib ihde p4n» art 

* fiuH i.i r, _mlic- ; vet ifaey n^- 
' kToit » j'l^ng fpecises of tl:c 

* We ac^I j'Oi-ti cif -(li^ioo,"' 

" Froci Olfego I ptocwdcrf 
' ilirt^gh 'lie ^rr*^ to»Tis in lb« 

■ co-,;r;vofCh;-ij;ffom:oOco«ii- 

" ■ ■■ i find 



' onfti^cs. I love foiBJ my 

* toer Uoiow vmJ (Maffoai, js 

* bi^>l^ l''!*^- On B J ictw; 
' I ifcipi » m a ranker of fb- 

■ CO Mere I hxve not y«t mq 

* tai BVr whidi I have aliadj 

* fiddl fovada *«ry coofidetaUt 

* wack «f (oce {oiiig oa osMi^ 

■ tfcc PMptt- Scmal iDfideli bsR 
' teay bcctt cctiTtrttd to inc b^ 
' fief of Ciriiliaollj." 

' Mr H^gimj rcnned tbe &fc 

' ««cki ia the nu&oatry fance. A 
' joBtoal 0/ hit iravrit ftoB Mk 

1;, iSct, ta tbe claCeaf UtBtf 

&oa bu nK SI yc- bcea ■ ■■"■■■^i- 

cited 10 the TruilcjO. 
The sboTc >i JI Uic 
' die Tniileei lure to 

itfpefliBp raiJEor.1 t 
, p*Ti of Ktw-Yotk flue; 1 


Hampjhlre MiJJiwiary Scciffy. 


I hope by the help of 2 mod 
mercifjl Godf I have been ena- 
bled in fbme mcafurc to be faitli- 
fiil to the facrcd truf( repofed in 
me. Through the wondeiful 

foodnefs of God, I hare been 
ighiv fivorcd with the kindrrfs 
and attention cf the people in al- 
mod every place that I hav j vi(ir- 
cd. I have preached 1 20 times 
in the «-ho!c. I vifited and con- 
verfed witJi the jKople, and alfo 
the Ichooh as frcqaently as I 
could ill the intcivals between 
fc: fcafons of pi:b]ic woriliip. I 
often attended conferences in the 
evening, and from t!ic ftriflltft 
obfenration and my own experi- 
ence* I raufl fiy, th^t rhofc more 
private and occ;t(ionr.l rclifjous 
cxercifcs Iiave been, and if rightly 
managed in future may Qill be of 
incalculable fpiritunl profit to ma- 
ny precious and inimr.rta! foul:. 
Goil has given m;: c»pportur.ity, 
and made m: ir.ftrument;il 10 
gather and foiia two clurchc:, 
one in York lU^', conGftir:; of 
14, the other in Vermont, con- 
(iftingof 10 mrmiiwrs. I l».ipti- 
zcd 17 chilc!rc:i and one r.dulr. 
The vholc Ji:i'; been ;i fcene of 
mercy, in whirji the Lord has 
given mc furc trfliinor.i.ils thst 
he owns the cnuf-* uf miflion*: for 
the prppnj;.;:iwii of the tjofpcl as 
his own caul'-, and vill (lii:port 
it. The grarltudc rnd thank*: of 
the pcoplf, wliijh 'iicy cxprefTed 
in public by manual votes, by let- 
ters M'hich they wrote, and as 
mdividu.ilr in a more private way, 
to the Mifiionary Society and all 
tho(c of the fktc of Co::ncAicut, 
who have combined influence and 
interefl to fupply them with the 
preaching of the gofpcl in the 
new fcttlcmcntr:, I cannot give 
a full idea of. Their flrongand 
grateful emotions were often wit- 
* nHTed with many tears." 

Mr. Huntington*! remarks ref- 
pe^ng tl'.c religious flaie cf the 
countf}' which he vi(:tcd, evince 
that there is a great call for mif- 
fionary labors. The harvefi h 
grc/it and the lahoreri few. The 
people are much divided in their 
religious fcniimcnts ; owing to the 
want of regular inflruflioR, and to 
the influence of falfe teachers v/ho 
are creeping in unawares, and dif- 
feminating the b.ineful poifbn of 
error. The tov;ns are taft filling 
up with inhabitants ; and as they 
come from dlflPtrcnt place? they 
brir.cT with them different cuf^oms, 
and a confidcrablr time muft n^- 
ccffarily clapfe before they can af- 
(imilate and unite in any important 
objc^. Hence tlic urgent necefli- 
ty cf their being vifited by judi- 
cious and pious milTiotiaries, to in- 
ilruft them in the great dortrines 
and duties cf religion ; and to lend 
them, when they ill all have ability 
to the r«*;;ular cftibliHimcnt of gof- 
pcl wnrfhip and orJir.:.i:ccs. 

A Cmjl'u'dll'^n for the Mtflf^nary 
Sccu-/y, in the (^.O'-nty rf Hamp- 
pArr^ in the Conimonwcahh of 

I. np K3i ard ftyle of the 
X Mifiionary Society fhall 

be the HampJhire Ml(Ji^»nary Soctcty . 

II. The great objeft and bufi- 
ncfs of the lociety. flvJl be to pro- 
mote the prracl'.ing and propaga- 
tion of the gofpcl of Jcfus Chiift 
amon;: the inhalvtnnts of the new- 
fcukmtnts of tl.e United States 
and the abori<:::;al natives of this 

III. The fociety in future fliall 
or may confid of mcmbiTs of the 
followir.j^ defcriptions ^nd qualifi- 
cationr, that is to fay, of all tlie 
congregational and prefbyterian 
miaiftcrs of churches lev *A\c c^> 
ty of llawi^^\\ici '. Ov o^»^ ^^•*- 


fi sm^iirf M'jffeMrf Soiielj. 


jtM from Mcli thiirch of the ton- u>i pri;{byF trill) de- 
DO[I)uij''OM io '.!i^ county, !o be 
aosuall/ chofto for die pufpcfc ■ 
Of £Jicli i'T'A mT<i jitiron rcUiing 
either moioa'.o! tlv^ ctiiWLy who 
hull fubfeiibcd or f}ull rubTcribc 
Uid pjy to the ufe of the tociecy, 
T« Dolli,!, and he fliill coaUa- 
rairaL.iilurin^ the [crni of 

lorg js I.C lliall inimitly in the 
month ot J^uiry \i.i\ the fi;m ol' 
T^o DolUis ID ih.; uTl: of ihc fu- 
icty : Of tic.\\ jcd cvtrjr ^er- 
fun rtlldingiu oi hul oi ihc couo- 
ry-, M hii hiih ruU".:tibcd cr fhall 
lubfciitK: ai:d make himtcif ac- 
couiiublc to [he focicty fortheliun 
uf Two Ddbrs lu be pMid annu- 
II iho muadi ol J^nuiry for 
1 VLvn, ard he (h. '■ 

<.f i; 

iog SeciBiar7, it\i twelxe Tmfl- 
eesj of whom the PreJiLinit ini 
Vice-Prtf-dcru fliiJI be t*o, jjuI 
fix of thtm ft»Il be mmiilen W 
the Kofpel lod lix Uyncn ; and o( 
chooling tmy other ncccflar; of-, 
cer ; — ^ecei»iDg the repoiu rf 
the Truflce* jnd oJicr omcen :— 
l"i>rniing rniei mkJ {iving direftiot 
to ilitlr oRJcem : — And uanfaftba 
all other mattcn advaotagewit U 
the inierefts of the focieiy. 

Th; fociety fliiJl have power to 
alter the time and place of hold- 
ing the atiDual meeciog. All ifae 
uinual oHiccrs {hall continue in of- 
fice until otheti /kill be chofca u 
fuccccd Uiem. And the Traftoes, 
aiUafi fouittCD days prerioiu IQ 
any meeting of iht fociny. Aall 
^ve public Dulice of (he UM and 
pUce of holding fuch iDCCCiitg. 
Aiid the meinbers who Dtill cos- 
uf [he Tiufteei, or tkt 




or their order— ^o manage 
coDOihically improve and ap- 
le monies, and other propcr- 
l efiate of the fociety — to a]>* 

contra^ with, fend out, di- 
recal and pay millionarics, 
lids a^d fehoolmaUcrs, as 
xft anfwer the dcfign of the 
tion^to piirchafe and dif- 
unong the Indians and the 
iunts of the new-fettlementSy 
I of the holy bible, and oth- 
>us and Chriflian writings, 
rccfTary fchool-books — to ap- 
fach fubordinatc ofRccrs and 
; as (hall be necefTar^' in man- 
the intcrcfh and property of 
ciety — to maintain a diligent 
riendly correfpondence with 
Mifionary Societies — to call 
J meetings of the fociety up- 
icrgent occafions — and to do 
other thing conformably to 
ineral dire^Jons of the foci- 
d the (irfl ])rinciplcs of the 
tion asexpreifed in the fee - 
rdcle of this Conf^itution, 
, (hall be advantageous to tlie 
ption of the gofpel of Chrift. 
e truftecs (hall meet twice in 
fear and as much oftcner as 
find nece(fary, and feven 
lers at any meeting (hall be a 
ro for doing bufincfs. 
. The Truftees (hall report 
e Society at every annual 
)g their doings the preceding 
and propefe iuch meafures as 
hall judge to be ufeful to the 


The Society (hall annual- 
loint a Committee to exam* 
e accounts of the Treafiirer, 
take a report of the Aatc of 
treafury at tlic next annual 


IL Any amendment may be 
to this Cooftitution, provided 
iropoied in writing at an an- 
neeting of the Society, and 
:d at a fubfequeot meeting by 

two thirds of the members preiem. 
IX. The officers of the Society 
in the firfl inftancc (lull be chofeii 
by the Convention by whom this 
Conftitution is ratified. 

The above Co nftitut ion waspaf- 

fcd and iitiiied as the Confti- 

tution of the Hampjbue Mif- 

Jionary Society, 

Sam I Hdpkins, Vice-PreHd. 

Atteft Enoch Hale^ Secr'y. 

The ofHcers of the Hampjbire 
Miffionary Society^ appointed by the 
Convention to fervc until the an- 
nual meeting in Augufl next, are 

Hu Excfllmcy 
Caleb Strong, Efq. Prtfident, 
Rev. Sam'l Hop KINS, Vice^Frtfu 

Hon. John Haftings, Efq. 

Rev. Jofepli Lathrop, d. d. 

Hon. Ebenezer Hunt, Efq. 

Rev. Jofeph Lyman, d. d. 

Juftin Ely, Efq. 

Rev. Solomon Williams, 

William Billings, Efq. 

Rev. David Parfcns, b. d. 

Charles Phelps, Efq. 

Rev. Rich'd S.Storrs, Trujleti* 
Ruggles Woodbridge, Efq. Trea- 

Rev. Enoch Hale, CcrreJ^ondhig 


Rev. Samuel Taggart, ReccrdlKg 


Subfcnpticn papers for obiaioiig 
monies for the funds of the Sccie* 
ty are lodged with each Minifter 
in the County, and in vacant par- 
ifhes with the Senior Deacon ; t» 
which the attention and patronage 
of the liberal approvers of the dc* 
(ign are folic ited. 

An explanation is requeued of 
2 Corinthians, i. 9. *^ Bat we had 
the fentence of death in ourfelves^ 
that we (hottld not trud in our- 
felves, but is God who raifeth th^ 

li .-i-.-aunl BjjMi, e^e, DtaatMi. i¥tg. 

I t»Tlhtrait»a»l »Jitttfnln, i:^{. of tic fi^ ttfiJvf MumlMt ^ lit Cam-' 
btilkul l^vfi'lii*! fltagJ^au, talit rxJ efihtytsr iHoi. 

J NLjnbcf ooIumI, June i.:ilt, iSat. u per UQ ilEtoicnt, • zc^ 
I Oi ihrfe ijiut LiveUeii falj, - - 1 739 

icagijiiiio rubliiibii*, . . _ . j7 

I Oq huid upiclcni. . • * |. 

I Piofit* to iJiu in.1i:e[;aa by tjA Oatsiimii, 

i<h of Ma,",JiinM Gnft foid, 
|Knr.3fof|.,l(..j.c,fic. - -. - 

I UfLlie Kbavc aniouni ot pra£l3 there » nu 
lui; frum fuhrttibtrii, ... 

I JM.i b^ the piiblilhc:rs July gtll, iSci, ~ 

I C^lt Duw in t)ic liauJi uf the publtlliccs. 



= ;ci so 
10 6\ 


.,0 43i 

3IO 4^ 

.9,0 .J( 

353 10 

0.. 53} 


I Dtrll^rs 9jl Cents, w^ paid, Jushv Ut 




Connediciit Evangelical Magazine. 


Vol. IL] 

MARCH, iSo2. 

[N©. f. 

■ I... A 

ijtkw Jrwm a Father to his Son on 
the fgrfeShm of God^ 
Dba& Son, 

IN my former letter I attempted 
to efiiblifh you in the belief 
bf a firft aufe of all thiogSy of 
the being of an uncreated God* 
vithoat which belief it is sanecef- 
firv to fay or e?en think of what I 
fluill now write yoo. The princi- 
pal ideu is this letter flow firom 
the lahftauice of the other. 

All things being made by God» 
we are enabled to learn from them 
iui tme cbaraAcr. They exhibit 
which can belong to 
but the Creator, and which 
place him before us in an infinitely 
naked and amiable view. 

Bftt what benefit fhall we re- 

^d\rCf ray foo, if we fearcb into 

and defcnbe the chancer of the 

grett Creator of the world and our 

-iieartf be oppofed to him \ We 

tate» by nature, oppofition of 

'iMirt to God. Though you may 

BOV think you feel tolerably well 

.fleafed with him, yet if ever you 

are awakened to a fenfe of your 

fbtet you will find the mod ioret- 

crate oppofition, waked up in your 

againft every exhibition God 

oade of Jbimlcif in his works. 

Vou II. No. p. R 

Tbefe effeAs will arife even from 
my prelent endeavors if your heart 
be oppofed to God. If you at- 
tend, your underfhndiog will be 
enlightened and you will be pre- 
pared to exercife love to the cha- 
ra^er of God ftiould he ever re- 
new your heart. And (honld it 
never be renewed, thefc endeavors 
will be means of vindicating the 
divine conduA toward you in that 
folemn and important day, when, 
my own and your (late will be un- 
alurably fixed. The jnftice of 
God in your condemnation will 
be evident when it spears you 
have continued in ftupid oppofi* 
tion, notwithftanding your mind 
had been enlightened by thefe kind 
exertions. And the way will be 
prepared for evet y holy being to 
fay ameuy add to f:ng *^ Juft and 
true are thy ways, thou king of 
faints*'' when your fcntence fliali 
be pronounced by the judge of all 
the world. "^ 

If we adroit the idea that God 
is the Creator of all things we muft 
believe he has infinite power. No 
power fhort of this could have cre- 
ated man, the earth on which he 
lives, and the vaft bodies in the 
heavens abose. Wc kiUMC ^Saa& 

l» tat PirjeOmt ^ (W. 


. i.-Ji la raaoiEiiiK Ui tlii: fldci, 
..r yd: l.igtthtr pciijcrcuj bodKI 
ui' ouiTy lock, t( miLc th: ania- 
LhuiiuUc deep. Ka ooc c*er («w 
uoiU power piihi jcc iny liuog tli« 
iijil DO being t>;tuic. A hmt* ann 

'.liiDgi, muLh I«<t cxjltcocc and &- 
tuliisi Ui aalmatc and ruiacul be- 

By i)ie finic kind of rufoniag 
w« mull bclicTc God luj iii£aite 
viirdom. If we rnrch ilic »(uto- 
my of ihc humin franir. Tee tbe 
ilcliciif 4ad fmc f^un [Mm thai 
compofc it, iDd UiL nctelfity of 
ciKiy [art beidgm tJiic to jiromotc 
hHlili ud life, wc aie l=d to b«- 
liCTi: CO fioitc wifdom creited it or 
keep) it iliie. But thii is not 
more expreflive of infioit: wifdom 
!hin mjlJ, It" n(,t all the wo(k» of 

.ied. X^ok cf thtawMBf&h 
I ri( and nuucr (b liut n ihc mi- 
I uoD of tiM the othei nfm&. 
j 'iliink ttut tbe body connint ttv 
»hich eui uU up tit« tnnitftiaH 
of pa/l yrare, lirctch forwMil od 
the wing c.t inBginados iiiu (■»- 
t nnr. contsapluc aad radowilb 
I prccilioD, and coRUQi^akate lusv* 
I ledge by fpMcli, and Ijj, if God 
f wiM cTciMd him be not in&aiu^ 
, rife. The ftaltiary may fonsia- 
, agei in the likcncis of itKii. Bk 
cu) he fonn ihinkiog inuf>et oi 
' w«re ihey ever Imrd tofpcnk I 
i From die lame (oafce ve Jeani 
the soodacfs of Cod. ar hit morel 
I reaiiude. If ili-peiiearoM wkieh 
; hivebem mentioaed cxiflmGod 
; rq><r*Le Fion mere lo&iaide, bei> 
' a tluigeroui being, capable i do- ' 
I ing inbnite hun. His mon) iV- ; 
' liinde or liii goodacls difpofo Im I 
' tofciini; ibaai the gr«atcup»dgf I 
\m kiB^dmn, and roako hildlfr \ 


Om the Perfeahtu tf Chi: 


tie Paul, in the firft chapter of :b1l 
epiftle to the Rotnsins, twentie^ 
verfe, faith. So then they are 
vithoHt excafe. They have no 
revelation of God's moral charac- 
ter but in nature, and their obli- 
gation to love and fcrve him is 
built on this alone. They there- 
fore cannot be inexcufable for neg* 
leAing to love and ferve God, if 
hb moral rc^itude is not difcover- 
able in nature. 

The fcriptures reprefent that 
God't mond charader is difcover- 
able in his works. Pfalm xix. 
I. The heavens declare the glo- 
ry cf God : md the firmament 
(howeth his handy work. The 
glory of God is his moral char- 
aAer. Rom. i. 20. For the 
iavifible things of him from the 
creation of the world are clearly 
lee«« being underftood by the 
things that are made, &c. l*he in- 
viiible things of God are his moral 
cfaara6ker,his holinefs. This is dear- 
ly feen from the creation of the 
worid or the things that are made. 
You may think, my fon, that 
the evih in this life, the pain and 
we endure will operate a- 
the idea that there is evi- 
dence of divine goodncfs in na« 
ture. You may tliink there is more 
evidence from nature that God 
it nalevolent than that he is good. 
It is true God permits pain and 
miiery to be in his world. But if 
we confider the moral ftate of man, 
thtt he is depraved and deferving 
no goods we mull fuppofe God to 
be-good in bellowing upon him one 
favort even if he brings upon him 
inmucerable evils. Yea, confider- 
ing his defert, if God (how him 
00 favor it will not prove that he is 
malevolent. Man may know he 
is a finner and therefore deferring 
the indignation of God. He may 
fee himfelf at the fame time in the 
fojoyment of many favors, which 

if enough to tcaeh him that the 
God>ot nawreisgood. ' 

You may'alfo objeA to the idea, 
upon the fuppofition that it fuper- 
cedes the neceflity of a divine reve- 
lation and flings a weapon into tlie 
hands of deil!s againfl revealed re- 
ligion. It is one thing to ha%-e di- 
vine goodiicfs rerealcd in nature^ 
and another for men to difcover it. 
Man is fo depraved that he never 
wouM difcover the moral charac- 
ter of God froni his works. The 
nations without divine revelation 
in the fcriptures never have difco- 
vered it, and it has been owing to 
their depravity of hearts But this 
does not prove that it is not difco- 
verable. If theie nations were ho- 
ly they doubtiefs would have dtf- 
covered and rejoiced in tlie moral 
charaderof God in all his workft. 

Befides, the revelation in the? 
fcriptures is neceflary todifcover to 
finners the way of falvatibn through 
Chrift. Though we may learn 
that God ia good from his works* 
yet we cannot learn that he will 
fave finners, or how he will fave- 
theiB. We may learn firom nature, 
that we do wrong and therefore 
defenre punifliment. Our reaibn 
will teach us that our punifliment 
fiiould be proportionate to our 
crime, which muft be infinite, (in 
being ag^inft a Being of infinite au- 
thority and who has an infinite 
right to our love and fervice. If 
infinite, how can we know, how 
can we even hope that God will 
fave us. Though he may (how ut 
fome favors, yet we do not know 
that he will hereafter. And if we 
(hould know that he would fave 
us, we could difcover no way for 
God to maintain the honor of his 
law and (ave finners. That glori- 
ous plan which fills heaven with 
wonder and praife, which holy be- 
iogs defire to look into, would be 
unknown to ui. TVve^ ^cc^^^'^^ 

A thtuu tf pnift w d* Htif SfhU. 

if iKcd of the <liTine revcUiion 
to the TcripiMe*! notwithAudiag 
God'i goodncfs !» diJeofCrable 
fr»nl natnre, Tlua thcTftsre i« 
not 1 weapon in ihc haod* of <4eifti 
boi agiioA them, h ii eoiihuo% 
Otrra upon rheir own ground. U 
it acknowledging their preiniiet 
uid drkuring i canclullon froo 
tlicm to their own tIef(ni£Hon. 

Thit God, my iun, iimj' great- 
eft joy. When I meiiujcc oa hi* 
dttfafier ny teeling* aie is har- 
nooy with ihofe exprefifd bf the 
PfJnjitl lod reri'ified by ' Dr. 

" Wert I in h ei rcn wltbmit my G»d. 

Twould be no jciy ro me : 
And whim ihii wih in my abode, 

1 long lot none but tliH." 

Wha can be more lovely than 
a being of perfcifi reflltude coifef- 
(ing infinite power and 
It is iDipflOiHe for hi 
wrong. He will areompliftt thi 


■My twM the l«Hr ci( tkb G«il ti 
lay knkai p*y«- 

V«an. Jcc 


A trihb o/" /»iBJ^ u ti* Silf 

IT is ohfemb^a tbtt ia ^ 
work; of the Deity there ii 
a beautiful progreffion. Tbcy an 
cootinudly adT^ncing u> u hlgte 
degree of perfcftioDi or to the 
completion of the idea of the di- 
vine mindi whi ch con^rabended ill 
hit works fran the begiiiiuag. 
One cTCot bitegi on aoodicr. that 
a ihirdi and lb on b «mL1^ bo- 
c«l£on. all Tciging <o one gnsd 
point, all hTing highrraod higbffi 
bringing more dearly into new the 
gtctioui ebaradcr of the gttat A»- 
ihar. The worka of 1 1 1 iiiM 
dcfignedaa prepatatarYMAc i 


A irihik tf ptai/i H Ot Vofy Sftrk. SSf 

b the Son of God aflunied our Bft- 
lttrc» obeyed the Jaw^ fufFercd and 
diedi that there might come forth 
a new aad more beauiiful creation 
hf the Holy Spirit. 

When the pcrfons of thje Trini- 
ty are diftinguifhed in their opera- 
tioost the great work of making 
ciedhial application of the benefits 
ef the Redeemer's purchafcy is 
nttMfefily attributed to the Spirit. 
It if God the Spirit who arrets 
finfttl men in their ikpid and mad 
cueer down to eternal ruin, who 
ooBvincea them of fin, and after 
cfeAnally humbling them, ac- 
qointt tliem with the things of 
Jcfittand leads tlicni to embrace 
the SaTioor. Thus by faith be 
cooftitutes a vital and moii blefled 
wiioa between pcrithing ftnners 
and the X<ord of glory. As the 
^■m r^enerates or begins the 
work of faodlification, fo he ef- 
fcfhadly carries it on under all cir- 
tmftanccs thro' life, and at length 
jvqiares the happj fubjed for gio* 
tf oompletc and loeffable. 

It b the glorious char after of 
the fame God which fhines in cre- 
SDOB^ redemption and fanftifiea- 
tioo. But in redemption and 
laiidi6cation9 with the greateft 
poffible brightnefs. Hence we 
read of the riches of the glory of 
hn inheniance in the faints. This 
aftonUhing work of grace on the 
iMarts of thofe who were chofen 
by the Father in Chrift Jefos and 
fefc-ordained unto eternal life be- 
fore the world began, which is 
daily carrying into cftc<il by the 
Hely Spiritf ii the crowning point 
Off giund ifluc of all the operas 
liom of the Deity of which we 
have any knowledge. And when 
it fliall Hand forth in all the pcrfca- 
tscM of Jehovah we m:iy red affu- 
red its glory and beauty will far 
(urpafs all which the i-ye of man 
hath (ten or his heart conceived. 

In order to this, every chofen vel^ 
fel muft be gathered in and render- 
ed perfe^ both foul and boity in 
the glorious hkenefi of the Sav- 
iour All the membcn mufl be 
peifedlly coofomiable to the head» 
muft be brought into the mod in* 
timate union and be filled with all 
the fullaeft of God, as his fpirit- 
ual, living and moft glorious tem« 
pie, in which he wul delight to 
dwell forever and ever. 

Since then tlie operations of the 
Holy Spirit on the hearts of fin* 
ners are (b glorious to the Deity 
and fo happifying to man, they are 
worthy to be recorded and had 
in everlafting remembrance. Is 
there joy in heaven over one finner 
tlut reiienteth? Is the event viewed 
as of lufiicient importance to be 
publiflied thro' the heavenly world 
and doth it caufe the holy angels 
and iaints in glory to rejoice ; and 
Ihall it be overlooked by the church 
militant ? Verily h important is 
every inlbncc of faving convcrfion 
that it is worthy to be proclaimed 
thro' heaven and earth, and to be 
celebrated thro' everlafling a^. 

In this view authentic oarrativef 
of the revival of religion, or of 
the wonderful operations of the 
Holy Spirit in one place and anoth* 
er, are to be pefiifed and contem- 
plated with pleafure. They are to 
be viewed as a tribute of praifc to 
God, and when thus offered up by 
thofe who love liis ajipearing, they 
muft afcend as fwect incenfe be- 
fore his throne. Tiicy are the 
echo of his effcdluiJ call, and re- 
flect back to himfclf the glory of 
his grace, which he is pouring in- 
to the veffcls of his mercy. 

They exhibit to the world the 
moft inconteftible evidence of the 
reality, excellence and importance 
of religion. As they arc moft 
powerfully calculated to awaken, 
convince atidcouvcw \«x\^vvck«^Sxokr 

A tr'Amt »/ ptaift te fk ffs/> Sfirh. 


I Btrt, fa perhiip* no mcini aie 
lore frt<]uendy blclT^d to thif 

'riiev ire eminently oL-ulated 

) quicken, cililv. confort and 

I Tuppoit tlic Lofcl'i pcopk. At 

I (htii hnrii arc bouTHt up ie the 

I l.r<.r|«f.;y of Z.on, fo no ««•» 

' litem fo fcfrcrtiin;;. In 

I ihi) wiy liicy breomc exitnfivdy 

]iiain!ed viUi vhi: Cod it d»> 

; in ihTirlJi. Tlieir li«rH re- 

I pici: and thcv p*' K''"'y "> Gixl. 

I By intcliigencL' cL :li>9 kind CKlidv 

I rtcd pf lite in R.rpon'1 n»ptiA 

I RcgiAer, in die London, Million* 

Su and Connei^ticut Evangdical 
af>4zinc<, how is the rcTcnuf of 
~ c gloi7 incteafcd, liow m>ny 
|thouland!D) C^Mll<3;1S irc made 
icquajnted wiiii the moft j^racioiu 
ind Ufondeiful »oik! ol Uic Spir- 
•, nnd wiiri thole dcjj brethren 
ind liilcfs whoic faces they nefer 
; flelh ! Wlwl-a lbu^da. 
i thus laid tor thafe 

every belierer. and hardly ftdmit «f 
a doubc Now d)0u1d we foibcM 
lo natice fueb in(l«icc» becasfc I 
pofliblY we may be deceiTCdv I 
forae, we ihonld negica to » ' 
knowlcdp the finger <of C«d 
when moft eonfpicuout. and m* 
rloubedly grieve the Holy ^iniL 
For if God the Spirit be mitai 
operating upon the hctru of JbiDC 
of the children of men in tlwnB' 
ner fuppofed in this eSiyi H IDW 
iflrilly call) for the molt grauM 
acknowledgtneou and the itif 
limeA praiic of hnvta and cajth. 
Should ihefe bold thtit peace tbc 
(bncs would immcdiattly cfy ont. 
Undouhtsdly he dcGgu to make 
his own clficienoy fo cwtTpeMH 
in thefe cper^tioos that iboTs wlw 
do not acknowled^ liimi iihA be 
fealed up under Uic condoSMg 
fentcnce of unbelief. UKdookot 
ly there are genuine marla kf i 
wliicli a mie work of the Spifit « 

Ok jMfiiftat. 

above all, Tor the gracioui apera- 
dootof bi) Holy Siiirit. 


U»Vt a perfnn htcoma jaJlifUd Ij 
faith f 

Miis'bs EnitORs, 

IF yoii fee lit, pteafe to give 
tbc fallowing 3 place ia the Mag- 

NO perfon is juftihed before 
God, for the fake of aoj 
merit there is in hii faith ; tliopgh 
it be, ia the gofpel, a fixed term of 
prdoa, recoDciliatioD to God, and 
of eternal life; yet thifc precious 
benefits and iDcdimablc favors are 
not bellowed upon any of the fin- 
fnl haman race, for the fake of 
any mcric there is in faith. In 
tbe golpcl, wo arc repeatedly faid 
10 beJBltiliedby filth ; but coper- 
Ion i« from thence to conclude, 
that any one is judiHed, for the 
fake of any merit there is in laith ; 
bat by it (faith) as an inftrumeni 
ud neuit, in fpccial oidaincd of 
God u die bclicvei's uniun to 
Cbrill, and intercft in the faring 
bldEnji of liis purchafe : as the 
righleoufnefiof Chritl (the refult 
of both bis aftive and palEre obc- 
dieace) is the fols meritorious 
cattle of tbc believing IJnner'i juf- 
tification, as faith is aj'pointed of 
Cod as tbe inflfument and means 
of believers in Chrift becoming 
united to liim, and incerefled in 
fail righteoufnefs (the only mcrito- 
rioai caufc of junification, and of 
all the laving bIclSngs of the cov- 
enant of grace) in this fcnfe only, 
I amrcbviiil, any cau be faid to be 
julbfied by fiiih. 


SalM^t ferrer/aa efth:JicrieiaiiJ 
ffomifii CjGvtl. 

THE following ftatement of 
8«au'i reafoaing upwi tb; decwci 

aod the retnatL.*' qmn it, aie fub- 
mittcd to the Editors of the Con- 
nc3icut Eva/igclical Magazine. 
Matlhczc iv. 5, fi. 
" Thin the Dn>il takith him up 
'Mo til talj cilj, andfttUth him on 
afinnacle of ihc icmfit, and faith 
tinio him, ifiheu t: tie Sen cfGcJ, 
u;/i th^tlfd^^n .- for it i, m,ritta,, 
htjhallgiitc hit Angik charge cm- 
terning ihee, and in their Ljttdi ihty 
fball itjir Ihtc vp, lefi et any timt 
thou dajh ibjfoal agMnJl aflonc." 

X God, the grand adrerfary was 
more anful and plaulible, than in 
all his other temptations. He trans- 
formed hmfejf into an angel c flight, 
in eoverGnjt with Chrift upon the 
decrees. He admitted the doc- 
trine in fiill, ai!d urged him to caft 
hlmfelfdown, becaufe it was writ- 
ten, or decreed, that the angels 
Hiould have charge over him, and 
bearbimup in tlieir hands, fo tliat 
lie could not at any time dafh his 
feet againfl the Danes. 'ITieiJain 
import of his re^ibning with thrift 
u;ion the decrees, was this : — 
" Voa profefs and claim to be the 
Son of God. i challenge and 
demand the proof. For if yoa 
make this high profeflion, and pre- 
tend to be the Chrift, you rauft 
fhaw a (ign from heaven, or ex- 
hibit convincing evidence of your 
charaflcr and claims. Now if you 
be really the Son of God, and 
not an impoHor, you will acknow- 
ledge this obligation on youif>:ir, 
arid comply with my propofil.— 
The decrees of God, your profef- 
fedfadur, lliall be the critcilun, 
to try, whether you arc in reality 
kis Son. Thefe are eternal and 
immuuble. If Cod, by his ^fo- 
lutc and unchnogaW; decrees, 
owns yoa for his Son, the matter 
will 4l once bt dtcuiii. \t\ \\vi 


A>«/^< to St/^Mitr. 


I i*u idcui which oaiurallv or ;ur. 
I. The doflrific of the rf<c-cei 
J line doarioc. Il Ite doc- 
nc Im'J been fjrc, StUn would 
It hire mirrfpitfcnted and per- 
I veiled il. Ttiii would not iuvc 
I been igrreable to hii nvnie and 
I objeO. He would by oo mcaiu 
tilfe doiSrioe^ ; tni: on 
I the cnmrary, l>f uf<.« all hi* indu- 
ce to mike men believe ihcm. 
e often trjnsfoTini hinifcif into 
jnj:;cl of li^ht, md ukei ime 
I doArines from ih'; Bible ; btit be- 
Ifore he leaves them, he muiilatei 
I And tami them into lalli; onei by 
I driwinii wroDg confequciieet and 
I conclDl'ioni. This wii) tbe uTe 
\ tempiation with the San ot' 
ICfid. Hit ufe of the decrees 
I With him, i^ a clear yroof, that 
I the lafltine i? true, 

e lut-JL-.'^r flffird! a feafon- 
iini; lo iliole, whom Satan 

out doubt, he (Bare ofao fuceeetb 
nritii nunkiod, tn ihii, ikao m »aj 
oiber \Tij. Minf M the prrfcK 
day, appear to be taken fay hioi 
upon this ^oand, and tiraaslv 
holden. Their mMih* arc bm 
of th': fame kind of rcafoaing » 
on the decrees, which he nfild 
with the Savioor of the wod^ 
They are now led captive by bJB 
in the finic way to ruin, ia wUcb 
ihoalands and mJlioas of tbe h» 
min race have been before them ) 
and unlef] a foTercign God halt 
mercy on clicni, and difyoSeh S» 
tan of liis lltODg hold, ibief vnt 
cr« long, to their ercrbSiag to^ 
row, fee dtc fatal deceptiakdEUt 
and iheii reafoaing upon the dinM 


Nynphai la Si^faltr. 


t/fm^ f^Sf/^faim'. 


not thist mj friendy lamentable ? 
E^ecially when it is remembered 
that the glory of God^ the honor 
of the Redeemer, the faJvation of 
fianerSf and the glory and the 
h^heft felicity of that kingdom 
which fliall continue forever* are 
aU concerned and infeparably con- 
ncAed with that truth which fcof- 
fien oppole and hate. When we 
coofider the bsauty, the Aveetnefs, 
the excellency and infinite impor- 
tance of that fyftem of truth the 
Soa of God teftified by all he faid, 
did and fuffered, and fealed with 
kb Tcry blood ; it would feem all 
in friends would be zealous and 
iadefrdgable in their endeavors to 
be poflefled of it, and to have it 
dwell richly in their hearts ; yca» 
■iore» thai they would be indefati- 
gable in their mofl vigorous endea- 
voon to dtiRife the knowledge 
thereof, far and wide, even to the 
ends of the earth. Indeed this is 
only to fuppofc what was real fad, 
the fweet light of divine 
came into the world by Je- 
. fin Chrift. The apoftles and the 
firft Chriftians feemed infpired 
vilk the very Spirit of their divine 
ififtery and exprefTed the mod ar- 
dent seal to diftufe the heavenly 
tfftt through the world. It is re- 
ported of the apoiUes, prophets, 
OVingeHftSf pallors and teachers, 
llMt they went every where preach- 
ing the gofpel ; that their found 
wentinto all the earth, and that the 
brethren were fellow-helpers to the 
Iralllt and glortoufly exerted them- 
febli for the furtherance of the 
gofreL It appears that every 
Chfiftian charch was a pillar of 
the mth which was infcribed up- 
on itt to be known and read of all, 
rlhat k re(embled the fun, the light 
i«(tiic world. Blefled be God, 
riM S{»rit of Chrift is not entire- 
k ly^one from the world. There 
•been pleafinj appearancet of 

it, in the glorious pid yet too ftu 
ble exertions which have been 
made for the fpread and further^ 
ance of the gofpel in our timet* 
May there be more and (UIl more^ 
of this Chrift-like Spirit, and may 
minifters and profefibrs remember 
from whence tliey are fallen, and 
be led to imitate the fetvor and 
ardent zeal of their divine Mafter 
and the firft churches. When we 
remember the Son of God, a per<i 
(on of infinite dignity, become in«, 
carnate, lived, bled and died, to> 
be the light of the world, to be » 
witnefs to the truth, and that all 
the interefts of God and his holy 
kingdom are involved in it, we 
might expe^ all its real friends 
would burn with a pious zeal, that 
their fouls would be infpired with 
the moft fervent defires to do every 
thing in their power that the gofpel 
might run and be glorified, and 
unnumbered millions who now fit 
in darknefs, might (ee the heaven* 
ly light and walk in it. It would 
teem each one would be a Paul, 
ready to pafs through many regions 
to proclaim the good tidings of 
great joy to all, to the utmoll ex« 
tent of his power. It would (eem, 
like him, each one would be no- 
thing moved by the moft threaten- 
ing dangers in his way. It would 
feem irapoffible the enemies of the 
truth (hould be more engaged to 
exterminate it from the world 
than its friends are to diffufe the 
fweet knowledge thereof far and 
wide. Yet alas 1 it is a fad fa£t, 
contrary to all fuppofition, the 
zeal o( many of its friends, for its 
furtherance and fupport, bears no 
proportion to that of its enemies, 
for its uuer extirpation. The 
former neither fay or do any thing 
for the defence and confirmation 
of the golpel, compared with what 
the latter do for its extirpation. 
Many of \]Eit imtu^^^ ^l \«H^da&>sA 


Oh eiMverfi*t *tilh At JiU. 


WK fl«e|Hng, while its coemiei are 
all awake and doinfr wiih Uicir 
might wl>at they find to do. Thefi: 
Ihingi oagKt not to b< fo. Con- 
tcinp!«ling the prcfcm ftaie of 
thinf>i. my head uould be water) 
and mine cyei a founuin of uais, 
were I not myfelf tlupid and nn- 
feelinf;, plunged in iliff ciiei of 
the world and itoubled about tnt- 
Bythin;:^. I trult you inoie fen- 
(ibly feci, in^ it is niy cirnell wifh 
the LotJ iiiiy ^rar>[ you abundant 
communic.iiinni ol hn firace and 
enflanie your while fou! wirh 
tofc [>i the iiutli and an ardent 
lea! for its deft ocean.) furtheraate. 
Mjy v'>u h\>.\^ i» come behind the 
fcoffers (if the prefcni day In the 
zeal and the fervor of your en- 
deavois, aoil may you fenfibly feel 
your dcpcodance on the Lord, for 
Rtaceto drrtfl and aUifl y.iu. The 
cauft^ in which yoii ;ire rmbarfccd 
ndcfcrib.:biy Riand and gl( 

never be idiCTed from hi* con- 
plaiats, but tnud die in tbe cdh- 
paf) of a few Aiji. From a loag 
acquaintance with the Amilf lad 
ai long experience of their kiad- 
ncff, 1 felt deqily iourcilcd m 
thcif weliare and heartily (jmf^ 
thiTed with you in your affli/tiM. 
1 thought it mull greatly mittgiK 
yotii ibrrow and comfort yoar 
mind, protidad yeur child AooU 
giv; fatis&AoTy evidence of it- 
pen tance toward God, andfriod- 
Ihip to his cbara^cr and £Oter»- 
tneni. Foria thatcale, yoariA 
would be hit greater gaio. I 
therefore requeued you to lad 
for the minillar, as you ytMkj 
remember. He was accotdiiigljr 
fent for, and fpeedily cane- At 
he wjs going to the apartmcnaf 
your now deceafed Too, ywi it- 
queded liim to fay nothiog ibM 
death, or upon the fobjedi e£ tt- 
liginn ; not fo much on ■eooMt 


Om toHfurfing miih ihiJUl. 


\tOL this datyy aad, in confeqaence 
•f it» your fon perifh, my own 
conlcience wUl give me no peace, 
and his bloody God will require at 
my hand." I thought that with 
this refoiutiony you very rclu^hut- 
\j allowed him accefs to your 
child. But I no lefs admired his 
anfwer and the fpirit which it 
breathed than I was furprifed at 
your requeft. 

I am apprehenfive that you have 
become one of thofe fafhionable 
ChriAians, who wifh to think fa- 
vorably of the charadlcr and ftate 
of their dying and depaned friends 
without aay reafon, and who wifli 
to keep religion at a diftance, in 
liealth and in ficknefs, in life and 
in death. However contrary to 
your opinion and praAice, I am 
fkiiy perfuaded that this modern 
treatment of dying friends is only 
a refined fchemc for landing them 
in deftruAioB. 

As you may again be placed in 
fintlar circumiUnces, pleafe to al- 
low me the liberty to fuggeft feve- 
ml ideas upon the fubjefty which 
now occur to my mind. 

I thought that you placed your 
minifier in a very difagreeable con- 
dition. Since he greatly loved 
and reddled you and your family, 
Iw was very loath to give you of« 
fcace by denying your rcqucd, or 
do aoy thing, by which you might 
Ibppofo he forfeited your friend- 
mp. To grant your requeit, he 
naft be unfaithful to his own con- 
icicncey unfaithful to your beloved 
fttty and unfaithful to God. I 
AooU by no means wifh to place 
any perion in fuch an uncomforta- 
bit Itaiey and I prefume you will 
Uamc yourfeif when you reflet 
■pon yonr condu^. 

You cannot be infenGblc, fir, 
that we incur great guilt in tempt- 
ing others to fin or to negleA duty. 
-It is therefore worthy your ferious 

confideration, that yoa tempted 
your minifier te omit what both 
he and yourfeif knew to be an in- 
difpenfible duty. You endeavored 
to perfuade him to be unfiuthful. 
Your want of fuccefs can be no 
confolation to your mind^ fioce it 
was your hearty defire to (iicceedt 
' and you would have rejoiced in it. 
Due attention to this idea will 
furely prevent yoa firom doing the 
like again in (tmilar circumftances. 
I obfervcd that the attendants ef 
your fick friend would frequently 
inquire of him about his feeliags ; 
whether he was in pain, or thimyi 
and wifhcd for drink or medicine ; 
in what pofture he would fity and 
how he would lie. Thefe quef- 
tions he anfwercd corre^y^ and 
often inquired concerning the af- 
fairs of the family and bufinefs of 
the farm. Wherefore the men- 
tion of death and religion was not 
omitted becaufe he was unable to 
difcourfe or could not endure 
converfation. But could it be, 
fir* that you thought religion un- 
important ? You believe there is a 
holy and jiJl God ; that the foul 
is immortal and fmful ; that there 
is a Saviour provided for fuch as 
trufl in his merits, and that all 
who rejeA him by unbelief mufl 
perifh. With thcfe ideas upon 
your mind, how could you refrain 
from inquiring after the flate of his 
foul, and exhorting him to repent- 
ance ? And efpecially how could 
you refufe the pa (lor this liberty ? 
You wiflied your fricr.d to recover ; 
and did you not wifh his foul to be 
favcd ? The ire mortal part is ioS- 
nitcly the moll valuable, and 
therefore the grcatefl care fhould 
be taken of it. We have reafon 
to believe that fcafcnablc and fuit- 
able converfation with the fick» up- 
on fubjcdls of religion hasy in 
fome cafes, been a mean of exci- 
ting the auenuoni ^tX\^v»iv^^^«& 

Ok eoKVfrfing wilt litjlti. 


nund. tod converting ilie fuul to 
the trath. If ibcic hiit bcca but 
one inllaDCC of the kuid, [he fal> 
rjuon ot the foul ■< lucli *a impor- 
tut otiira, Lhjt we Ihuuld be juT- 
tiiiL-il inraakui^ itan luiiv-cifal prjc- 
lice to L'oncerie wiih ilic Ikk up- 
OB the tiling) of liiegbf]';.!. Aitd 
we have alfo reafon to tctf thu 
nuny lure diH (^xMct- .ind llu- 
pid wbo migbi hive brcn greuly 
profiled by relijiou^ Jilciiuile. If 
one foul lidt [itdlhLJ [hroU);h fuch 
OCgleAt it a i fulbcicnl reaTon why 
fciiflui converritioD with the lick 
l\<Mffl] never b^ omiiu.J. To huie 
from them their dar^L'r, and let 
them go out of tht" wotlJ ihought- 
lefs and fccure, wiihuui once ai- 
liD|> t))eif attentiun li> the ihinjgs of 
reli^uin, is a^ing 3 molt miftiend- 
It jnd cruel pjfi, 'I'liia [i.irl you 

w«, r,r. ^;,). ,.i|, 


caufe. And fupitofing it wcrt [ 
ii not the lift of the foul of mort 
woitJi than the life of tlw body. 
Allowing that we deitroy mc 
cbjncc to ten for the recovefj at 
our fricod by EoarrtliDg with kin 
upon rcligioo uid by this meiu 
eremite one chjace in a thou&od 
for liis faUatioD, we ihould be «i& 
io doing it. For the foul i* JM 
only immorti!) bat capable of the 
fubiiinell happtnefs aod the muff 
cxquifite milery, as iluiable m dtt 
loul iifelf. 

It it iikewifc to be remembered 
tliat the phyikiaat who attended 
upon your fon were luiiiieadff ta 
religion. We are not tfaeiefore to 
be iLirpriTed that they canoOMd 
you againll fpeakiog lo Iub 
i!pon religioui fubjeA*. 'DMy 
wilhcd to hear nothing about tell- 
pan and fee ooihing of it in An 


Renuurks «ii ffaiJf xlii. 199 ao. 


tion to the eternal concerns of his 
fiNiI. The word fpolcen, may be 
t word ia feafbn which God nay 
plea(eto fethome upon the heart. 
However you may afTedl to defpife 
the idea of vital piety, and the dan- 
ger of impenitent fin nerS} youmuft 
knoWf if ever you have read your 
bibfey that a man cannot be faved 
iBik& born of the fpirit of God. 
A moral change is neceflary in ev- 
ery natural man to fit him for heav- 
en. And this change you and I 
miift experience or we botli /liall 
perifh ; yes, fir, perifli forever. 

I had the unhappincfs to notice, 
that iht prayer of your minifter 
was no left difpleadng to you than 
hk converfadon. He prayed that 
the fick might have grace to exer- 
cile patience, rc(]^;nation, fubmif- 
fiooy repentance and faith. You 
thought fuch a prayer was difcour- 
•gling and that he ought to have 
Gomforted your fon by praying that 
he might continue to exercife thefe 

But have you not here alio char- 
ged your miniftcr fooliflily. You 
naft acknowledge that your fon 
gave no fpecial evidence that he 
fns a good man. We will fuppoie 
be was not ; which I fear was the 
eafe. If the clergyman had taken 
ia Sat granted m his prayer that he 
was a laint would not your fon have 
eanchided with himfelf, I will 
eafan my anxious mind and difmifs 
asy ccmcerns and enquiries ; for 
the nintfter acknowledges that I 
aflbfitfer heaven with my prefent 
AeEagSv viewsand character. This 
ia the foundation of his peace. 
With this hope he leaves the world. 
Bat dreadful to relate ! His hope 
pariiheth. In the light of eternity 
he dilcoveri his fatal deception. 
Hiamiaifter deceived him. In- 
Aead of (aving he has ruined his 
fad for eternity. Let me here aflc 
a guBftion: la this cafe^ would 

not the blood of your Ton be juftly 
required at the hand of the fpiritud 
watchman? The dying fioDer is like 
the drowning man ; they both will 
catch at a Araw to fave them. 
Therefore it is dangerous to give 
him the kail encouragement to hope 
without fufficient reafon. Confid- 
er that the (ituation of your minif- 
ter is mo(l folemn and never com- 
plain of his faithfulaefs. But en- 
courage him in his labors and may 
they be effedlual to your own falva- 
tion and that of your family ; which 
is tiie hearty defire and prayer of 
your affedtionate friend 


yin explanation of I/aiab xlii. 19, 
20. In an/wer to the quejhon 
in the Magasune^ vol* I. page 

" Who is blind, but my ftr- 
vant ? Or dc^ as my mefl<nger 
that I fent ? Who is blind as he 
that is perfc^, and blind as the 
I^ird*s fervant ? Seeing many 
things, but thou obfcrveft not ; 
opening the earsy but he hearetli 

TO render an explanation of 
thefe verfes profitable, it will 
be neceiTary jufl to mention the 
leading particulars of the whole 
prophecy, in the chapter. From 
the firfl to the tenth verfe the pro- 
phet has defer ibed the office of the 
Mefliah, and God's promife to pre- 
fervc him, and give him " For 2 
covenant of tlie people, for a light 
of the Gentiles ; to open the blind 
eyes" of all nations, and bring to 
an end the worfhip of graven ima- 
ges. From the tenth verfe to the 
end of tlie diapter he calls upon 
Jews and Gentiles to praife Godf 
for this unfpcakable gift of his 
Son, mentioning in the 21ft verfes 
God's well-pleafednefs in his ri^t- 
eoufnds) as in ^iL^v^iiiik^iMav&ft^ 


Rrmarls on Ifa'iah xlii. 19, 10. 



for fir, roagnifyi ^, 

tlirough hi» obedience and fuffer- 

iogs, and mating it honarabic for 

£■ iftiee to pitdon the penitent be- 
ever. Thui, the piopliccy ref- 
peflj I ft, the office charafler of 
the grtat Redeemci ; and adiy, 
the obligations of gratitude, a (in- 
ful world owe to God forfuch an 
unfpeatable gift — In the 1 6ih and 
1 7lh verfcs the prophet foretold 
the fbame of the Gentile nations 
for their idolatry, and tlteir con- 
ver£oa to chriftianity after this 
maaifcFlation of Chrift, in the 
llefh. " And I will bring the Mind 
by a way that they knew not," Sec. 
That is, I will bring the long'blind- 
ed Gentiles by a way that they 
knew not, and make them a pecul- 
iar people of God, truftiog in the 
Redeemer. " Th-y (hall be turn- 
ed bick, they (hall be greatly aOia- 

fcngcr that I fenl?" — Atif, Ot 
deaf, as the high prieft of the 0|i* 
der of Aaron and the whole Jew* 
ilh priefthood, my mefli^nger that 
I fent to explain the Uw of Nbfiih 
and to expJHin the prophecies, n 
my chofen nation, tefpcAing tbe 
coming and kingdom of Meffi^ J 
" Who is blind as he that is fO- 
fcft, and blind as the Lnrd's f* 
vant ;" — Anf. Who is blind » 
the JewiHi priellhood, who pnK 
fefs to have a perfeft underftao^ 
ing of the nature and ends of ite 
moral and cereraoriat l.iws, andtf 
all the prophecits refpe^ing MA 
ah ; and blind, as thefe fervanliof 
the Lord, who, as blind gvide^ 
inficad of condufling the pWffc 
to whom ihc)' arc fent, to the »fr 
knowledgment of Mcffiah, Ad 
by a ftrange, blind zeal, harda 
them in unbelief, and in ' 


Lltttcn from Fuklia. 


V of the real chancer of the Jew- 
D nation y at the time of Chrift's 
laiiifeftatioQ in the fle(h ! What 
eople were ever fo flrangely 
lind, at the Jews, under all the 
leans of knowledge they enjoy- 
I ? How alh)nifhingly blind their 
cribes and Pharifees, and chief 
ieftst both to the real character 
r Chrift, and to the abundant ev- 
lence he gave them of his mifSon 
om heaven ! How amply were 
1 the particulars of this prophe- 
f fulfilled in their condu^ ! — 
hrift pointedly (liled them blind 
udesy anfwering to this prophet- 
; ddcriptiony Mat xxiii. i6, 17. 
Woe unto you, ye blind guides! 
Hio fay, whofoever (hall fwear 
f the temple, it is nothing : but 
rholbever (hall fwcar by the gold 
Fthe temple, he is a debtor. Ye 
lob and blind" &c. And verfe 
4thy '' Ye blind guides, which 
am at a gnat and Iwallow a cam- 
L** And he appended to this, and 
» other prophecies of Ifaiah, in 
dcribing their national character 
idrejc^on of him. Mat. xiii. 
49 15. '* And in them is fulfilled 
K prophecy of Efaias, which 
jlh^ by hearing ye fhall hear, 
id fltoll not under (land : and fee- 
mjt fliall (ec, and (hall not per- 
HfC For this people's heart 
wajted grofs, and their ears arc 
dl of hearing, and their eyes they 
He doled ; left at any time they 
noid fee with their eyes, and 
Hrwitli their ears, and (hould 
idcrftand with their hearty and 
■dd be converted, and I fhould 
aldiem." A. B. 

'o tre'Editors of the Cok- 
ftSCTicuT Evangelical Mag- 

(OBSERVING that copies of 
Mi o^ reliffiotts fubjeds written 
YoL. IL No. 9. T 

by females as well as others, are 
in(erted in your Magazine, and pe- 
rufcdwith entertainment and in- 
ftrudlion by your pious readers — I 
take the liberty of tranfmitting you 
extraAs of three letters. They 
were written by a young lady, then 
living in Connedicut, foon after 
(he had firft experienced the com* 
forts of religion, to her mother in 
another town. The accompany- 
ing influences of the Spirit of grace 
gave them effedt, in her awakening 
and hopeful converfion. They 
are copied almoft literally from the 
original, and the (ignature only is 
fictitious. Should they be thought 
worthy of a place in your Maga- 
zine, yon have libeny to infcrt 

Letter i. 

January 17,1799. 

THE tcndcmefs and love you 
manifeflcd when I was with 
you lafl, was very endearing. I 
wi/h to be ever grateful for the 
bleffing of fo good a parent ftill 
continued to me. Providence faw 
fit to deprive me of my father at 
an age too young to realize the 
worth of a parent. This lofs I 
have long Lnicnted, and alas ! 
have often been ^o wicked as to 
fecretly call in qucflion the good- 
nefs of Providence in that particu- 
lar. But, for that, and iill my 
other innumerable fins, I hope 
thro* the merits of my Redeemer 
to be forgiven ; — if not, God will 
be glorified. I feel, my dear 
Mother, that there is a fufficiency 
in Qhx\[\ for every finncr, the great- 
e(l as well as the Icafl ; and it is 
intirely free, for every one that 
will cume fkall find mercy. I be- 
lieve that all who peri(h, will find 
it was wholly owing to the obftina- 
cy of their wills. We know, that 
by nature, the heart is totally de- 
pravedy andcnux^X^ o^Y&^\ft^ 


LMtCTi from Puirlia. 


good. We are not willing thai 
God (hould be on ihc throne, and 
havellie power of carting off one, 
and faving another. But is it not 
juft for God to do as he Teeth fit 
with his own .' We know he is in- 
finitely wife as well as good, and 
\ therefore, that he hath adopted 
that plan which wilt b<r[t promote 
hia own glory, and the greutefl 
good of the univerfe. How on- 
reafonable is it then, that we fintult 
dependent creatures, Ihould rife up 
and op|)ofe it. Had we hut » 
proper fenfe of U'hat awfully wick- 
ed hearts we carry in cur bofoms 
from day to dayi I believe we 
Ihould tremble and enjoy no peace 
till they were created latw by the 
fovereign grace of God. It is 
owing to fovereign grace that one 
foul is fsTcd — it niufl be fjvereign, 
or it is no grace at all. We cer- 
inly do not deferve mercy — we 

God's foi 
grace, in 

power and free 
od the adjacent 
towns, 1 cannot out feel an eanieft 
defire that the people in tkt 
place of my nativity may be rentD- 
bered in the like maniMr. Tiim 
fotilsi however, in the tiew of u 
impartial Beings are no more pte- 
cious nor worthy tlian the foub of 
others : But on our partial, TeifiA 
mindi, our friends and /'eluim 
ufually lie with the gteate^ weigbL 
lam anxious to know your rim 
an.l profpefis of futurity. On 
friends here conjcflure you btt 
obtained a hope, and enjoy At 
comfort of religion. I wft i 
might be tiue. I AiouldrejoiccM 
hear it of you all. Perhaps, I m 
not qudified to judge, bst tOK 
it really appears thai in cooteiPf* 
ung the perfeflions of Deity, 4t 
glorious chiira^erof the Rede^ 
er, and in tracing out tbe beMi(| 




tvto the Ra^Moa may convince 
any one that God hath power, and 
in abfolute right to do as he will 
with his own ; and the longer we 
dilpate ity the greater will be our 
condemnation. The mod advifea- 
hky moft rational, and only fafc 
way then for us, is to fubmit — 
give God the throne, and yield a 
cheerful compliance with his re- 
quirements. His law is holy,ju{l 
and good, and his fervicc is a rea- 
fonable fervice. — What monftrous 
wickednefs then is it to Aand quar- 
relling and cavilling with our Ma- 
ker and Preferver ! I am aflonifh- 
cd when I reflect how long I have 
been contending with God who 
fliould have the tlirone, that he 
Ihould (uflerme to live ; efpecialiy 
in a day when he is manifeiHng his 
nlory and power in tlic falvation of 
Snnen. My mind, this afternoon, 
has been deeply affedled with a 
Icnfe of the vile part I have a^ed 
towards the Saviour of the world ; 
when I confider how he left his 
heavenly abode, came down to 
caith» afiumed human nature, fuf- 
(erad with patience every infult de- 
praved nature could infli^, and 
even an agonizing death, to glori- 
fy the Father, and honor that 
ttWf by which we were juftly con- 
demned, the penalty of which 
wonld, other wife, have been in- 
flided on all the human race ; but 
now thro' his meiits, falvation is 
odered to all who will accept. 
Upeothefe reflexions, if our hearts 
are not filled with humility, love, 
grttilude and admiration, great, 
indeed* muft be our ftupidity. 

« Mr. B> in a fermon, the other 

day« made this ftrilcing obfcrva- 
doDv that '* God made us and 

^ tvery thing we poficfs, gives us life, 

tkcMx and (Irength to enjoy the 
hkiEngs he is conftantly beftowing 
.jmon us ; but inftead of making 
fam fuitable returns, we go and 

dedicate ourlelves, and all we have 
to the fervice of .Satan ; telling 
him if he will live with us, we 
will never make a prayer, nor o- 
bey one of God's commands." 
How (hocking the thought ! Yet, 
I believe it is too true. 

My kind love to all the chil- 
dren. Tell them that thofe trutlis 
which they fo often hear from die 
pulpit and read in the bible, are 
eternal realities, and it is infinitCi- 
ly imporunt that we attend to them 
now before the harveft is pad, and 
it be forever too late. 

Your affedlionatc daughter, 



March 9, 1799. 
My DBAa Mother, 

I SIT down to write you with 
an anxious, aching heart. 
What (hall I (ay ? If we are yet 
in a ftate of fin and death, there 
is no created being can afford any 
confolation. But we aie called 
upon with the mod endearing in- 
vitations to look up to Him who 
made us — who has a juil right to 
difpofc of us according to his own 
eternal purpofe, and who hath 
gracioufly promifed that none who 
come, de(iring to be (illcd, (hall 
be fent empty away. But if we 
Mall not apply to ^im — there is 
no alternative— -we mud peri(h. 
Dear Mother, my heart bleeds for 
you. The critical fituation in 
which I left you, lies with great 
weight on my mind. I recoiled 
when, in much the fame (iiuatiou 
that you now are, Mr. G ■ re- 
marked to me that it was certain 
death to g<i back, and death to 


Letiirrfrtm FtiAa. 


Ax, if I yi. 
and tef^gneii nnfeit up. We aie 

id ihc hands ot' Guii, and e»cr 
fiiJI Ix: ! l-ut ilic gKat affiir ii » 
be willing tu liive it to. God will 
cctpl kI pone but ihofe M-ho come 
(.lunuiily. Il lie IliDuM, how 
[luch wskU lii$ glorioui chiric- 
cr fink ID Dui cllccm. How can 
vc be fu unttiliiiipio pn our tral) 

fuLircf oV lill lupi'incd ? We know 
ihat lo b<- 1 -\ v.\'.t<\ tttim him im- 
plus ptrJcti iiiifirv- Arjiuing ihtn 
Irom icifon only, why ^tc we not 
pTtTijJed uj'On, loiFTihe expeii- 
menl "f i.:rcor(J!tic>njl fubmiffioi ? 
li ceruinly cannot (Irrr cur fiiui- 
n fi.r the wcrrr, ,nd i«.ffiblj- 
y I.y J rounJino., I,:>r ow Hir- 
lufliintf'. ttlist adMntage 
>^nrclronit>*iUine.ind telling 
(;oJ tl.,.'. He m.iJe ..ur hearts— 

fubmii and become Rconciled npn 
hii ttrmi, your cafe will be dt^> 
rate, and the <:onle(]uencc*, U joiit 
nioO drt^dful. You toU oiCi 
Madam, thit yon have aam fe I 
come To oldi and grown ia \aA 
cDcd in On, thai iherc is no kp 
for you. This 1 boldlf |iroaadBCi 
an unifice of Satan, deCgyedv 
difcouragc led prevent yow tt» 
tions. How many are calkd J 
at the dcveatfa hour ! Yon kn 
no reaJbn to be dtfcouraged. b 
tliii world af hope, it ii unrctfi^ 
able, it il wicked to dc^air A 
mercy, becaufe we are loo eU« 
too wicLed to be iar^gmM. Ok 
the contrary, if you are MTi««d» 
the eifvcmh hour, there it it 
mote need of greater exMh 
and fpeedy application totkcafr 
cyof God. I wilb, Madn^tl 
have you try with all your 
you mull try your own 


Knmaihi rf Mifioiu. 


A Narraim m tbefuljea of Mif- 
Jiont ; and a Jintetmnt of the 
Funds of the Mijftonary Society 
of ConneQuut^ to the clofe of the 
year 1801. Addrejfid by the 
Trujlees of the Society to the 
Minijlers and people of the State. 

(Contioued from p. 317) 

ABOUT the firft of Decem- 
ber, the Rev. Jeremiah 
Hallock returrcd from a miflton of 
1 6 weeks to the northern counties 
of Vermont. He preached in be- 
tween 40 and 50 towns ; afitfled 
in the formation of 2 churches ; 
baptized between 30 and i|.o, fome 
of ihcra adults ; rode about icx)0 
niilet ; and preached on an ave- 
rage 6 fkrmons a week, befidos at- 
tcoding a number of conferences. 
He remarks : " ChriHians are 

* fbutid more or lefs in every place; 
' and in ;;eneral they appear to 

* have frc(h anointings. There 
' are at prefent awakenings in as 
' many as 15 towns which I have 

* Tifited. Several others have had 
' revivab within two or three years 
' pafty where the precious fruits 
' Itili remain. And in a number 

* of other places there are hopeful 
' beginnings ; here and tliere one 
' under conviiftion and the people 
' in general more fcrious and atten- 
' tive to meetings. The gofpcl cha- 

* riot rolls, and the goings of the 

* moft mighty Lamb aie evident in 
^maay places in the northen part 
'of Vermont. I'hings appear on 
' the rcfv»rm ; religion fcenis to be 
' taking root ; and the call fui 
' miffionary labors is urgent and 
' excenfive. I fay for miiTiopiary 

* laborst becaufe the lituation of 
. * many places is fuch at prefcnty I 

* lee. no other way for them to have 
' preaching. But if they can now 
' have a little help, it is hoped 
' that by the bicfling of God, they 

vili foon, in many places at leafti 

' have matters prepared to fettle 
' tlie gofpel, and be liberal contri- 
*• butors for its being fent to o- 
« thers " 

During the paft fummer and 
fall, the Rev. Job Swift perform- 
ed two miflions of 8 weeks each, 
to the northweftcrn and northern 
parts of Vermont. Concerning 
his iirfl tour, he writes as follows: 
I preached once in the county 
of Bennington, 4 times in the 
county of Rutland, and 39 times 
in the counties of Addifon, Chit- 
tenden, Franklin and Orleans. I 
attended frequent confercncest 
and baptized two infants and one 
adult. I fhould have preached 
oftcncr, but the latter part of the 
time people were extremely bu- 
lled in their harveft. I rode 
about 800 railes. As I follow- 
ed Mr. Bufhnell in moft of the 
towns I pafled, except in the 
county of Orleans, there was 
but feldom occadon to adminiflcr 
the ordinances ; as he had, hut a 
fiiort time before, adminillered 
in AX or moft of the churches 
that were formed on the field 
of milTionary labors. In the 
county of Orleans, the fcttle- 
ments are new, and no congre- 
gational church formed ; nor did 
the people think in any town 
which I vifitcd. that there was 
a fufHcient number of perfons 
qualified to form a church. I 
think the encouragement for mif- 
fionary labors grcac. God ftcmt 
gracioufly to have owned the mif- 
iionaries as inftrumcnts in the 
converfion of finners, in the ef- 
tablifhmcDt of worfhip in many 
towns, the formation of churches, 
and their edification and incrcafe. 
It is obferved by peopjj, that 
there is, in fome towns efpecially, 
by their influence a reformation 
as to the obfcrvancc of the f^b- 
baih> ando\^\CT y'ac;\^\ wv^VIVtlvV 


Narrative of Miffion. 


ttan dutiM. I iruft the bUffing 
of many ready to peiill) has come 
ontht ftate of ConnccHcut, for 
ifieir Jiberiliiy lo promote fo 
good a defign." 
lo his other teur, Mr. S-vAfi 
prtadicd about 50 times, in 23 
difftreot towns j attended a great 
number of confetences, admittetl 
feveral members into churches ; 
adminiftcred the Lord's fupper j 
times; baptized 18 children and 
adults ; arid fpcnt much lime in 
converling on experimental reli- 
gion with people who were fubjefts 
of the awakening in towns where 
there was a revivj! of religion. 
In his letter to the Tniflees, ac- 
companjinghii diary, he obferves ; 
"1 have noinow confined myfelft-o 
* the rveweft fettlements, but hare 
' labored principally in and about 
' the toii-ni where there are ap- 

' people to nnderftind the woA 
' of God is rrideotly prevailing ia 
' tlie counties of Addifon, Chitien- 
' den and Franklin. Let this eo- 
' courdge the godly to pray and 
' contribute to promote fo bnino- 
' lent a dclign. This ii pntdag 
' into bags that wax rot old." 

The Rer. JeHidiah BaJhuBn 
dill in the northern part of Vo^ 
mont, or in the nonhern csmitis 
of New-York weft cfLakeOan- 
plain. He went to Vermont is 
February la(t, intending to fpend 
a. few weeks there and then p»- 
ceed to the weilem part of New- 
York ftate ; but in confcquence of 
a revival of iciigioD in many town 
in Vermont he judged himfelf oi- 
led in Providence to contintie a 
tliat ftate. He has labored thert 
through the fpring, fummer ipd 
autumn. He has not as yet inaf- 
mitted to the Truftecs a panicallt 
and labon ; 


Narraiive of Miffioni. 


* my courfe down Onion river al- 

* moft to its mouth ; then north 
' again Tifiting moft of the towns 
' between the lake and the green 
' monnuin. In feveral of thefe 

* towns I found an incrcafing at- 

* tention.'* 

In another letter, dated Odo- 
ber 1 7th9 Mr. Bujbnell writes as 
follows : ** The principal field of 
iny labors this lummer has been 
between Middlebury and Cana- 
da line. I have vifited the moun- 
tain towns three times, and the 
iflands in lake Champlain once. 
In the beautiful range of country 
between Middlebury and Cana- 
da linet there is a divine work 
of God in many towns. Some 
of the towns eaft of this range, 

XI the Green mountains, are 
highly favored. I have been 
ticated kindly this miflion. The 
Otbcr miffionarics fpeak the fame 
language ; and ths great body of 
tbe people in this iUte feel grate- 
ful to the Midionary Society of 
few individuals may oppofe their 
benevolent deGgn and attenipt to 
siiScttle the whole bufmefs of 

^ aufions." 

Thefe are all the miflionaries 
have been fent to Vermont 
pad year, excepting the Rev. 
Morgan^ who entered on 
aailBon to the northern part of 
Ae ftate about tlie 20th of De- 

Tlie Rev. 7b/r//j Badger re- 

the (irit of tlie prefent 

from a miffion of 1 4 months 

New-Conn e^Hcut, during which 

I he went over the whole of 

.ikll country and vidtcd every fct- 

Clinent. A particular narrative 

ref iofl labors and travels he has not 

» tranrmicted to the Tiuftces. 

• is reupointed a miffionary to 

Bc uttlemcots and it is ex- ' 

peAed he wilj go out again, uithia 
a few weeks. 

The Rev. E%ek'iel J. Chapman 
left Hartford the beginning of No- 
vember laft, to go to New-Con- 
nedlicut, there to labor as a mif- 
fionary, during the pleafure of the 
board of Truflees. No intelli- 
gence has been received from him. 
Previous to entering on his mif- 
fion, he was ordained to the work 
of the miniftry, particularly as an 
Evangelift, by the aflbciation of 
Tolland county, at the requeft of 
the board of Truflees ; Mr. Chap^ 
man being a licentiate of that aflo- 

From the preceding account of 
miflions to the new fcttlements, it 
will be feen that during the year 
1 801, upwards of 220 weeks mif- 
fionary labor were performed.-— 
The expenfc to the fociety for 
thefe miffions is nearly 1400 dol- 
lars, which with 200 allowed to 
Mr. Bacon, and the charge for 
printing the narrative and fome 
other fmall charges for poflaf^e and 
flationary, makes the whole ex- 
pen fe of the Society for tlic year 
about 1650 dollars.* 

The feivice performed this year 
is confidcrably more than in any 
preceding year ; the liberality of 
the good people of the flatc having 
been fuch as to enable the Truflees 
to employ a greater number of mif- 
fionaries. But altho much has 
been done in years pafl, much yet 
remains to be done ; and it is ho- 
ped that the flrcam of liberality will 

* Some perfons, inimical to the 
caufc of miflicns, have propagated a 
report, that much of the money con- 
tributed for the fupport of mifliciiiH has 
been expended to pay the expenfes of 
the Truflees, &e. In contradiAioo to 
this report, the Trullees alTure the 
public that no officer of the Society ha» 
ever demanded or received a (iogle cetii 
for hii fcrvicu oc cx^enlc^. 


eon;ini:e to Sov, jind lo grow 
I broiJcr inJ deeper in iij courCe. 
to be wiieicil hj thii 
iimally brconiing more 

Kjrraiivf ef Mi^tas. 



em pji 


■ermom,rhc north, 
irLs of New-Yo'k Hare an.1 the 
otlhwcftcrn pin of I'cnnfvlvi- 
ia ire rspidly fctilin;;. New 
iwni arc concinuallv luiminj;, and 
Ming up wiUi Itlhabiunis, chiefly 
DtntJicNew-EnfiljndlUies; and i 
\c UiD i.f cuuniry thus fettling I 

I Many yt'jri mull eLpfe, bcfaiY ' 
:i oblbcks to the regular , 

lefljblifhmctit uf the nofpel, necef' . 
Ifarily aiicnJint upon Jl new fet- ' 
I elements, uill be To f~r r<.'maved 21 
it unBfc.I&ry to fend ,' 

n lie tlic iluly of a peo- i 
|plc, bi-hlv r..v<<rL-d .1^ lliL- inl„ibi- I 

'■• impututi! ^11 obji-a. 

greater, part of the people (roil 
having bna (o long udaecutloiiKJ 
10 religious worlhip, hate bcMnie 
loafc in their fcntimenES and nwr- 
all, ird greatly need to be u-inwd 
of ihfir duty, thst they may k 
induced to adopt ncafures fut the 
regular eUatJilhnient of the gofpcL 
Another field of miilion}, daily 
becaniing more extenfive, wfaki 
auJi be highly iotcreiling to tbcin- 
habitanii of Conneflictlt it die ind 
Thii is feuJtng jiriocipally by ta^ 
granti fromihit flatc; bypee^de 
mort of whom carry with theiDH 
attachmeot to thofe religiooj iofi-' 
lutioni with wliich Couieaicut hi 
been fo long and fo happily (xtanlL 
That this attachment lhoddbcc» 
tinued, and chat (irDilai iaflituMM 
Ihould be edablilKed in tliu MI 
country, as foon as may be, iil^ 
ly DCCcfTary ia( tlie prefent and h- 
turc welfare of our cbildicu, hrdi- 
icods who hjv 


Namuive e/Miffioiu. 


miffiooaries there for the prefent^ 
tnd to add to this number as the 
lettlements increaTe, provided the 
lunds of the fociety (hall be found 
to be adequate. 

The Tniftees feel tenderly af- 
feded towards the poor pagans on 
<mr borders, who are perilhing for 
Jack of vifion. They Mn(h to dif- 
fiiie among them the light of the 
so^ly and thus to carry into ef- 
fc& one imporunt objeA for which 
the Miffionary Society was inftitu- 
tecL As yet however they have 
not been able to devife a plan which 

Cmifed fuccefs. They are anx- 
ly waiting for the leadings of 
drnoe Providence to poiiit out to 
them a way to convey to fome of 
the tribes the light of divine truth. 
They have given much attention to 
ihefntjeA ; but the difficulty of ob- 
taining (uitable interpreters, with- 
out going to greater expenfe than 
the funds of the Society wiU ad- 
mit of, is at prefcnt an infuperable 
bar in the way of fending mifEon- 
•ries to the Indians. There is a 
mlpeA that this difficulty will foon 
be in part removed. The Rev. Da- 
md Bacon is at Detroit, where he 
&as been fince the firfl of May lafl, 
learning the Chippeway language ; 
and while attending to this lan- 
jaages he is alfo aiding the gene- 
alxaufe of miifions, by pi caching 
at Detroit and tlie neighboring fet- 
tiemenu. He has likewife an op- 
nortanityt in that place, of form- 
ing an acquaintance with many In- 
fian chiefs. Some of them have 
elreidy given him encouragement, 
ef afiording him every afCdance in 
dieir power, wlien he ihall have ac- 
^ured their language to fuch a de- 
jree as to be able to (peal: to their 

By a recent vote the Truftees 
have diredcd that Mr. Bacon and 
l^joong man attached to his fami- 
who is learning the Indian lan- 
ITou II. No. ^. U 

guage, proceed on the opening of 
thefpringto fome fettlementof the 
Chippeway tribe, and that he make 
known to them as far as his imper« 
fed knowledge of the language will 
permit, the objeA of his miifion ; 
that he acquaint himfelf with their 
circumftancesy manners aad cm£* 
toms ; that he deliver to them the 
talk compofed by the Truftees and 
receive their anf wer ; that he en- 
deavor to in(bud them in the firft 
principles of religion, and make 
report to the Board of his proceed- 
ings and profpc^. 

It is devoutly to be wifhed that 
God would make them inftrumcnts^ 
of leading many 'to a knowledge 
of himfelf, who arc now worfhip- 
ping they know not what. 

The contributions laft fpring 
were much more liberal than they 
have ever been before. Thii 
(hows that the people of the ftate 
are becoming more and more fenfi- 
ble of the utility of the objeft for 
which their alms are folicited ; and 
it affords a pleaflng profpcA that as 
the demand for tlieir charitable do- 
nations increafes, their hearts and 
hands will be opened to meet that 

Of the balance now in the hands 
of the Treafurer, there is due to 
milfionaries upwards of 650 dol- 
lars, and a much larger fum will 
be wanted before the contributions 
of next (bring will be paid into 
the Trea(ury. This will greatly 
reduce tlie pre(ent balance. 

The Truftees think it advifeable 
to keep a confiderable fum oa 
hand ; that if at any time there 
(hould be a call for an extraordi- 
nary number of miiEonaries, they 
may have it in their power to fend 
them ; and alfo, if any profpeA 
(hould prefent itfclf of doing fome- 
thing effedlual amons the Indians^ 
that they may not lofe the opportu- 
nity for want of C»3DkA&* v^VkRA. 





, vtm ike ftjattnom 

rf the mifiaa tty-fc pLcr; of bdng 
loMlcTeil im1 <j >f pcifcd MMf the 
-Ici-'IkDi luie bent dApaanl lad 
' : and isftcid dI' tiadir cm- j 
uUninict,*' they CDJo^ good bcalth . 
rf body, feactaUc bibtUDOot. aad ' 
iBBKilcAed means of grace-" WIk* 

nilaiKci ut coofideiTc!, < 
ttWiJl ififiir, thai our laJuced mit 
iHjnd (a( the date rf 
lill Pr:-TH which have bt«» ' 
uv-Jj cn/jvl as nuny ad*aft- ' 
ci ii caii br' cxpeatd in a H«. 
n Und 1 and gave u gieai prof- , 
^ o( clUblilHrncni and fucccli as , 
m itirrir temporary teCdeoccaod I 
KmptTlefi profici'ncy in the lao- 
Igiug: and h^bi'.i of the peoplcf 
n rtsfonsbly be chcriJhed. 
The m>ibr,n ihat TdiJed in the 
iBoy^I Adnura], u'ai prepared ID 
ilniy. The direc- 

■■ cadefMMe of a BnEgiHt fe^ 
««■ mtomg Ae cocrias. nsdik. 

kad occured to ibon. Their jBV- 
kaI gtm amy faiiijaflory accewt 
rfthe coiBCieedablc aod pco fi oM c 
■unner is wbkh ibey aafiaj 
thek tirae : a great port of it » 
pun to be fpetii in fiicli cxacM 
of detocioii and ngpro tcie au ■ 
Tpccialiy regard tlicir i 

Mifien to Tmim^^. 

Since the lal^ gcocnl iiiii I'm 
three of ihe milEonarics who wtn 
lefi at thai iQaad, have reniMd 
to this counuy ; two haTc uniej 
at Pan Jackfoo ; ooe has ch^ 
lo remain at Tongat^boo (bgt ■ 
fuch a Itate of miod and coodsA 
as to iSoid DO expeflatioo of iq 


Lalubm Miffmarj Sae'utj, 


Sawlh Aff^an Mlffoa, 

The flue of thii milTion, when 
he preceding aonuat report waa 
nadc to this fuciety, affbrded the 
iireftors abundxnt maucr for grac- 
:tude> ind adniiiation at the good- 
Bcfs of Godt and at the zeal and 
iIe*otedner» oi the brethren who 
were then engaged in it. Since 
that time the four brcdireni who 
failed in May 1800, hare arrired 
U the Cape, and have commenced 
their mt^Gonnry l:ibors in its vicin- 
ity \ and three brethren from Hol- 
landt who took their paflagc in 
January lafl, have, it is hoped, 
reached the fame dcHinaiion. The 
mUEon te ih:it part of the Heathen 
world hai been thus coniinualty 
iocrealing in its fircng'.h ; and the 
direflan are happy to add, that 
the laft letters which have been re- 
rcceivcd from thence, include a 
call for additional miflionaries to 
labor in a livid uf increaftng cx- 
tenti and of eni:ou raging expefia- 
tiens. The fpark tii milTionary 
zeal which was wafted from this 
country to the Cape of Good 
Hope, appears to have been kin- 
I died into a dame in the bufom of 
j ourChTiflianrriendsatthatftation. 
I Already it feems to have taken 
I hold on the outlkins of Satati's 
hinedom ; and witli the continued 
■ffiltaflcc ofits Almighty infpiter, 
it bidi fair to fpread its holy ener- 
giei into fomc of the rco^lfcs of 
the infernal empire. The Mif- 
(iofiary Society at the Cape, in 
j Augull 1800, had no lefs than 
I 1909 Heathen under their tuition, 
and lincc that time, the number 
bu confiderably incteafcd. Our 
venerable friend Di. Vandcckemp, 
WU| in December hn, Dill among 
the Cafireei. His trials appear to 
be great, his fafety precarious, 
lu fituation lonely and cheerlcft, 
•ad hi) encourage nient not To great 

as might be expefied from hit ex- 
emplary diligence and zeal. Still* 
however^ this miffionary champion 
(Irengthcnshimfelfin his God, and 
patiently waits for liberty to viGt 
his friends at the Cape ; or for an 
opening in providence* that fome 
of the brethren may be fent to him. 
May deliverance and fuccefs be 
afforded to this valuable and dif- 
tinguifhed fervant of onr Divine 
Marter ! 

The brethren Kicherer and 
Kramer, after having labored with 
acceptance and fuccefi in thecoun- 
try of theBofchemen, have agreed 
to go eight days journey toward 
the Great River, agreej^ly to aa 
iniprelHve and often repeated invi- 
tation which they have received 
from near a thoufand Heathen of 
various tribes, who reCde together; 
and who earnedly delire religious 
inltruflion. The brethren An- 
derfon and Edwards are intended 
to refide among the Bofchcmen, to 
carry on the work which hag been 
fo propitiouHy begun. Bruthcn 
Lingen and Read ave at prefcntin 
Waggon makers Vullev, aflifting 
the Rev. Mr. Van-Sulk, whole 
miniDry is attended by about 300 
Heathen, atnong whom there are, 
it is faid, " many Itrong believers," 
and many others on whont the 
work of God appe^.rs faviogly to 
be begun. At a fuitablc time thefe 
brethren are intended to afEU Dr. 
V'anderkemp, in his tabor among 
the Calfrces. Brother Tramp 
perfevcres, with mod commenda- 
ble zeal, to inAruft both Heathens 
and Chciftiani. The efforts of 
our mifGonarics appear to be well 
fupported by the kiadnefs and gen- 
croCty of the Chrifliao friends at 
the Cape and its vicinity ; and the 
Dutch miniflers at fcveral of the 
fettlementi, are laboring with dili- 
gence and fuccefs amon^ tKtis 

Zwiw Mj^kaaryStt^ 

I cXi^ rcinxBdiog fl&Tci and Hot- 
I profpetl), uid in 

iliincc wiih 

it reqi: 

rlUom thcToc 

I at ttir Cap« for addittoiul niiiI>*o- 
■ c iirtflor* have dctciiniQ- 
accfp; of ihree GcmuD 
I bttthicn. vho tuTc ni&rcd ihcm- 
Itclv'CJ lor the work of Cod in 
I AfVica : who tre well recommend- 
I td hv (he Kci*. Mr. .Strache, of 
1 Hitfh^iiren in L^a Fricnand, and 
I who. at prefcni. are rc^^ciiing ap- 
I pTopriatc ioltnjJttoiu under itiE 
I Rev. Mr. Jxnickc, at Berlin. The 
" ' n wcie author i zed by a re- 
n of the laft general gMCt- 
1 " enljTpc the mFffiam in 
,ud lotflaMilb llich new 
3 ciicumfVanc^t (kould na- 
Iderexpeilienu" They hare a Aed 
n the fpirii of ihii rcioluiion. and 
It lilt provilion of tnijRoBf 
lich dicv hi\i nude will 

be forgotiot «r Mglea«4 : ther 
are, therefore, continoiog their ci 
id their ( 

for the Buipofe of obtaining fuit}- 
blc peifoni ID afErt Mr Focfei, 

Turi/SnjMt, m JVea/aioiJW 

Since thelaft gewnX tattM 
two letter? hayc been renia 
fr..m ihz Rev. Mi. Hlly*!, 
tt'ho ii (lationcd at that place, n- 
dtr the patronage of ihti facictf. 
Mr. Hitlyard's account is pldT- 
inn, encouraging, and fautfiaof 
He appeals to labor .with diligcKt 
in the work of his mioiftry, is ^ 
inflruaion of youth, and in cat- 
chizing children. Haiiag rifitcd 
fome of the adjacent i(}aDds,hehB 
recommended to the direfiof^Ac 
another miffionarv be fent fioate 


J.cnJoH MifoMfj Satiny. 


lately io a plue hired for the pur- 
lole* it w» fettlcdi that Mr. Ben- 
om (hoold contiDue hii libori 
here, and that Mr. Mitchell 
boald proceed to Montreal, in 
voTeciitioii of fimilar ferviccs. 
By letters from Mr. Bentotiii it 
ippears that Tome circumn^ncn 
KCUiTcd which, for a time, feem- 
!d to prefent an obftaclc to hii con- 
faied acceptance and uTcfulnefs ; 
tot hii lafl letter, dated fth No> 
rcinber, iSoo, is more fatisfafto- 
Fy and encouraging, u it Dates that 
Ibe hearers and fubfcribers at Que- 
bec are on the increafe, and tRat 
te canfe of God is patronized by 
tame my relpedable inhabitants. 
On account of the fubJcription 
wliicli has been raifed (or Mr. 
Bentom's fupport, it is prefumed 
Alt his residence at Quebec will 
OCCafion little or no cxpcnfe to this 

The direAors arc forry to report, 
|hu Mr. Mitchell's reception at 
Montreal was difcounging ; and 
disti after having preached there 
■boat fix weeks, without meeting 
«ith any patronage or fuppott, or 
■ndbeQ of fucccls, he thought it 
flb doty to leare that city. Mr. 
Ktchell, it appears, made in(]ui- 
riei nfpe^ing the Indians io the 
ricinityof Montreal, u-ith a view 
of cndcaToring to be ufeful among 
them ; but the inforniation which 
he received was, on many accounts, 
fit «BfaTorabIe to fuch an undcrta- 
king, that he thoupht it prudent to 
dcJine it, and to avai! hinifelF of 
a dcfirc which fonie [tcifons, at 
the bay of Chalcurs, (about four 
hmdre-J miles from Quebec] lud 
espTcfled, of having tKe benefits 
of « gofpel Miniftry. The direc- 
tor! Imcfe that Mr. Mitchell has 
proceeded to this fctdement ; and 
ihcy hope he will prove fiithrul to 
, and fuccefsful in 

Port Jaei/on, Ntw South WaUi. 

The direAotsi petiiap;, cannot 
ftriflly include this fetilement 
among ilie number of thole which 
Alt niifliooary fiations ; yet, as ma- 
ny of the millionaries returned 
thither from Otaheite and Tonga- 
taboo, and as fame of then con- 
tinue there to the pi efent time, it 
is thought right lo notice circuui- 
flances of fuch appropriatenefs in 
this report. The dircftors feci 
fame latisfafiion in (latin g, that the 
apparently calamitous providences 
.which cafl our brethren 00 the 
fliores of New South Wales, have 
not been wholly unimproved, by 
tfaofe of them who coald engage 
in miniClerial offices. MelTrs. Co- 
ver, Henry, and HaiTell, have 
preached the gofpel in many diT- 
triAs of the colony ; alteriutely 
with beclouded cxpeAatioss and 
laoguioe hopes t but Mr. Cover 
having fincc arrived in England, 
and Mr. Henry having gone to 
Otaheite, it is feared thatliiilc, if 
any progrefs, has been made in 
conciliating the difpofitions and 
converting the fouls of the colo- 
nills. This indeed appears to be a 
work of mighty enierprizc ; for al- 
though no oppo&tion tan icnil the 
energies of Almighty jtower and 
grace, yet it becomes us to conlJd- 
i cr and to aft upon the apjiroptiate- 
I nefs of human means ; taA in this 
I view the profiigacy and impiety of 
\ the inhabitants of the colony arc 
' reprefented to be fo cxcefEvc and 
; eoormousi as to require luinilkrial 
aidor, foniiudc, and patience, of 
the very hig1u.ft kind and degree. 

If it flioHJd pleafe Go.1 to im- 
prefi upon the ht:arti I'f nny at 
his feivantsthe duty andiniporcance 
of undertaking a work nf fucli ]<c- 
cuiiac difficulty, but aJTcainj be- 
nevolence ; aod it Ihould appear 
that the lioly S[»rit f f God hai 

LohJiiit M'i^Im^ Sotitty 

I tiiducil ihelD U'iih liiiuLle pfts and 

I gnc«, (he dire^on iliink, Out 

I the [iiuDiijg« of thi) foirittyi lo 

I introduce thtm aod toilTill (if nc' 

■) ia fupporting them, would 

Ltimite and btneticini cxer- 

Such a miifion, in illi:if. 

I muA be regarded as an object of 

I gteit imeielt, on account of ihe 

rafing ftaic of ihc colony, and 

I of the numbtr a\ childreD ihit 

I Hand in need of [ranting andChhf 

rufrion ; btliJe* which, it 

I (liouIJ tic rcBitmbered, that in ihe 

a rcligioni intcrell being, 

I by the Divine blcfflng, cftablilhed 

■nd enlarged at Port Jackr[>D and 

the fetlJciueiits in ill vicinity, our 

millions in the South Sen may be 

I villtcd with (omparitive frequency 

d facility | and be relieved, re- 

jved, fupportcd, or enlarged {as 

llaiiccs mipht requirf) with 

r advaniagc. It is ihere- 

jiied, that thefe confidera- 


emt and appiaied piety, by afford- 
ing them approprixie inftrvftioti (« 
the rpBce of two years prcnouflyto 
their afiuiil entrance on mifiomiy 
duty ; and to carry thefc meabra 
into efie^ eonfi>TTnaWy to the f^ 
port made on thji fubjed to ibc 
faid general nicciing. 

Thedire^ors have, (iiUe^ual- 
ly, taken both of the abore ib» 
tioned objefh ioio their coefidl^ 
ation i and are purfuing liiLillM 
to carry them into eflefi. ' 

The dircfloit have now coddh 
ded a report of their opcractoolib' 
ring the laft year, d-ith rtlpeA » 
the niifTiona that had previoob 
been eUablifhcd by the fociety^MB 
to fuch other obje^S as in dv 
judgment are legicimate, bnCM^ 
lent and important. And ifcc^ 
have prefeDted fuch a view of IH 
interelts and cforts of this tnflil* 
tion as they tliiok is calculated to 
er)gage the attentioin, cnconnEC 


ReSgums TatgSljgeneil 


indmdualf and Societies in foreign 
parts of the worlds the Diredors 
think veiy highly. In the courfe 
tf the pafl year letters haye been 
received from Araericay Hollandi 
and Tarions parts of German y> 
which evince, that by the diffem- 
inationof miflionary intellrgence* 
miffionary ze^il has been created 
and put in aAion. In Americai 
Icferal fbcieties have been formed, 
and have commenced encouraging 
exertions for the purpofe of in- 
flru^ing and converting the native 
Jndians In Holland and Ger- 
oiany flmilar mflitutions have 
ieen edablifhed ; rcfpcftable and 
lent individuals have offered 
leir patronage and co-operation ; 
this fociety has, in confequence, 
been fup]>Iied with fbme valuable 
miiRonarics ; and at the prefent 
tinie fix esteemed and fuitably in- 
ftmded miffionarje^ are at Berlin, 
waiting the di rears' acceptance 
of their offers to preach the gofpel 
among the Heathen nations in Af- 

A miflionary fociety, of great 
refpeftability and promiGng a(ped, 
has alfo lately been formed at Tain 
and Invernefs, in tht northern ex- 
tremity of Scotland. 

Among other accepuble proofs 
of an incrcafing zeal for the intro- 
dn^on of our Saviour's kingdom 
among the Heathen, we notice, 
with fat is faction, the aiTociation 
which has lately been formed by 
leveral pious and refpc^able clergy- 
men, and other eminent members 
of the Church of England^ for 
promoting that obje^. Thefe 
worthy charadlc:rs being of opinion 
that their exertions as a fcparate 
and difliriA fociety might be mofe 
beneficial than by an union with 
ours, (which comprehends other 
denominations as well as members 

tution, whoTeoperatioBt are inten- 
ded to be more especially direAed 
toward the continent of Afia and 
Africa ; our mod ardent prayers 
(hail be offered for a diftinguiflied 
behedi^on on their zealous en- 
deavors ; and we truft we (hall 
have to unite our thankfidncfs and 
joy on account of their abundant 
fuccefs. The energies of Chrift- 
iaas of every name are demanded 
in a field fo bounded in extent and 
important in its confeqnences ; and 
we indulge the hope that e^ery 
minifter elpecially, who feels the 
immenfe importance of this caufe, 
will imprefs upon his congregation 
and connexion a proper attention 
to this fubjeA, that we mav be fur- 
ni(hed vnth an adeauate (upply of 
faithful and devoted meoy who are 
defirous of introducing the gofpel 
among the Heathen nations, and 
po(refs the felf-denial, patience^ 
and other qualifications which are 
reouifite for fo ardent a work. 
. rroro fuch a widely extended 
foundation of fnbfiantial knowl- 
edge and enlightened zeal, a fii- 
perftmdure ot eminent worth, of 
a durable nature, and of divine ef- 
ficiency, may reafonably be expec- 
ted ; and no human means (than 
thofe jufi mentioned) feem better 
calculated to bring about that uni- 
verfal difiufion of piety and happi* 
nefs, which being predicted in "the 
fure word of prophecy," (hall cer- 
tainly be accomplifhed ; — ** when 
** the earth (hall be filled with the 
knowledge of the glory of the 
Lord, as the waters cover the 
« fea." 



Religious Intelligence. 

ing of a revivak>f religian in Ken- 
tucky, fundry efforts were made ta 
of the eftablifhment) haveaccor- \ obtain corrcifk information^ ftom. 
«a*ly formed a miflionary infti- thofe ^ho Va4Vi^«^ r)^^\%Xk^«^ 
Vot. 11. No. 9. W w 

|of lh« fteiK. Tilt following com. 

oiuiion* are tl)c iiii ihu. hive 

11 rceciTcd Tl ey ate given to 

Icbc jntNif, Wring ill to judjie loi 

■ ■ rmfflrc. Mjny uill appbud, 

>T<y uill condemn— let him ittat 

iidgirth do it in the ftu of Cod. 

Ti.- /J.'ou-iVjr u ^ fz/T'O^ (^ tf 
/rem (*r Virf. AiehAaH 
AI s-rdtr. /■ryfJ',K/ rf Hamfr 
ilin SiJnty Ctliegf m Virgma, 
Ij tit Hn. Niii:»n Sirong, 
lU^rlf^rJ. Mr. MxonJfT u a 
Sfihmsn aftmimm f.iaia and 
juJ..-ioui /i.-/jf, anJ by tii late 
Icir ifireagb Niiu-EngUnd, bt- 
(4tme ^Heo and Ulaxed by may 
rfc„raj"J!an Rcadtri. 

Printc EJward, Jin. 25, iSoj. 

r HAVE .l=fc.reJ writing 
lit, lliat I luti'.lit ha\T 

KcUikus /nltiSgreer. 


make what ulc of k, yea thwk 
projjcr. I have fent it«i>Ui aviav 
to ttE publication in the Evangdi^ 
alM^g^me, if (he Ediion thtt 
it would be ufefol to the pubiib 

Id N. Carolina a miral attcaA' 
id with rmilar appearancei^ Ih 
lately taken placet chietl; antorfC 
the prcfliyterunt. 1 an not ibic 
to fiiiiiilh JOB with the dudc* ti 
the counlin or con grf gat ion), te 
I am informed it iia» extended tmf 1 
a tnf) of counity about two^ 
itiln fqure. T^e congrrgatiMM 
aic nearly at lar^, and inllanca 
cf falling douD as common »> 
Keotocky. • 

In thii Hate, rcligiaiu i pp cH 
anccj ate fomething bcut** tin 
when I left it. At ChhlbnH ■ 
number of misillcrs of difaia 
dnoini nation, niet together h 
the county of Bedford, tocM- 
futt upon the h*tt mcafnret forgw- 


lURgiom lateUtgefue* 


already reTpcAing die Green- River 
and Cumberland revivals I t^ill 
jufl obferve, that the laft is the 
fourth Tmnmer (tnce the revival 
commenced in thofe places, and 
that it has been more remafkable 
riian any of the preceding, not on- 
ly for lively and fervent devotion 
■mong Chriflians, but alfo for a- 
wakenings and converHons among 
the carelefs. And it is worthy of 
aodce, thatvery few inftances of 
^K>flacy have hitherto appeared. 
At 'I was not in the Cumberland 
country myfdf, all I can fiy about 
it depends on the tciliniony of 
others ; but I was uniformly told, 
«by thofe who had been there, that 
their religious afremblies were more 
folcmn, and the appearance of the 
work much greater, than what had 
been in Kentucky. Any enthufi- 
aftic fymptoms, which might «t 
firft have attended the revival, were 
greatly fiibfided, whilft thc'fcrious 
concern and engagednefs of the 
people were vifibly increafed. 

In the older fettlement of 'Ken- 
tuck v, the revival made its firll 
appearance among the prefbyteri- 
ani lad fpring. The whole of 
that country about a year before 
was remarkable *for- vice and diffi- 
pation ; and I iuvc been credibly 
informed, that a tkctded nr.ijority 
of the j»coj)1c were profeffed infi- 
dels. 'During the lall winter ap- 
pearances were farorable among 
the baptifls, and j^rcat mimbers 
were added to chcir churches. — 
^larly in the fprin;>, the niiniflra- 
tions of the prtfbyterian clergy 
began to be better attended t!un 
they had been for many years be- 
fiire. Their worfhipping afTcm- 
blies became more folcmn, and tlic 
people after they were difmiffed 
Ihewed a lirangc rclu^ance alx>iit 
leaving the place. They generally 
continued fonie time in the mcet- 
iMg-houfcsy and employed tlicni- 

felves in fingtng pr religious cor>- 
verfation. Perhaps about the laft 
of May or the firft of June, the 
awakenings became general in fome 
congregations, andfpread through 
the country in every direction with 
amazing rapidity. I left tliat coun- 
try about the fIrft of November, 
at which time, this revival in con- 
ned) ion with the one on Cumber- 
land had covered the whole date 
of Keqtueky, excepting a fmall fet- 
tlement which borders on the wa- 
ters of Green- River, in which no 
prefbyterian miniders are fettled, 
and I believe very few of any de- 

The power with which this re- 
vival has (pread, and its influence 
in moralizing t!:e people, are dif!i« 
cult for you to conceive, and more 
.fo for roe to defcribe. I had heard 
many accounts, and feen many let- 
ters refpeAing it before I went to 
that country ; but my ex;pe^- 
tioni, thou^ greatly raifedy were 
much *beIow the reality of the 
work. Their congregations, when 
engaged in yrorfhip, prefented 
fccnes of fdlemnity fuj>erior lo 
what 1 had ever fcen before. And 
in private lioufes it was no uncom- 
mon thing tu hear parents relate to 
drangers, the wonderfi:! ihin-^s 
which God had done in their 
neighborhoods, while a iar^^c f. in- 
ly of young people collei5leil roun<l 
t!icm would be in tears. On n:v 
way to Kentucky, 1 v.*as infurhicd 
by fettlcrs on riie road, that the 
charafter of Kentucky travellers 
Wiis entirely changed ; and that 
ihey were now as remarkable for 
fobriety as they had formerly bcui 
for diffoluiencfs and immoraiiry. 
And indeed I found Kcntuck)', to 
appearance, the mod moral place 
1 had ever fccn A profane ex- 
prcllion wash^irdly e\er heard. A 
religious awe fccmjj t.> prrvadc t't*. 
country ; and f:v\2Lt^v\Vx-\\ c^-v.- 


RiFi^wt IwulHisa 


bii cocfc^ctl, thu fiom 
wtuicTcr ciufc ihe rtTival raijhi 
procceii. ii made the people better. 
■a promoting a friendly temper 
anioog ihe people. Noiliinjj couM 
appear mote amicable, thaa ib»i 
unJiflcmbied btatvoltoce which 
(■ovcTDS ih: fubjtft) ai ihtj work. 
1 h«ie ofun wijhed, thit ihe mere 
politician or ihe deift cokild oblerTC 
with imptj liillty thcic peaceful luid 
imic»ble fpirii. He wouM cer- 
tainly fee, thiit nothing could equal 
the religion of Jdiii Tor ptomoting 
even tlit temporal happincfs of fo- 
ciciy. Some neigliborhoods Tifit- 
rd \yf the revival, were formerly 
noloiiou* for private animontin 
and comcntioni ; and many petty 
laufuit* had comincnccd on that 
ground. Whet) tlie pariiet la 
thefc (jQarrcU were iniprc/fed with 
iellgii.n, the lirll ihin^ was to (end 
iheir autagoniOs, and it 

On cacti of thefc puttcuian I HbK 
give you fomc remarks. 

With refpcA to the taj'£cM& cf 
tbdr aiTenibliej. It it gcneraUf i 
fuppofed that at nun y pUccs. then 
were not left than oghc, tcBj « 
twelve (houfaod people. AloM 
place called Cant Ridge mcetiD^ 
houfe, nuDy aic ef opinion then 
were nut left tkdn twenty Lhou&aiL 
There were an hundred ind j^m 
waggons which came loaded tin 
people, bcfidei otiier wheci-canii- 
gci t and fomc pcifoni txitaki 
who had come the diAance of twa 
hundied miles. The largeneft of 
thefc congrcgtlioDS wai a confidet- 
able iacoDvenieDce. They wtis 
too Dumtroui to be addrefled by 
any one fpcaker. Different nuD- 
iftcTs were obliged to ofikiau tt 
the fame time at dltTereoi (laadf. 
This afforded an opportunity W 
Ibofe wbo were but lUghtJy W^ftt 
(cd with religion, to wandci' bvk* 


ReEgioat TnltiHgence* 


foon became fo familiar as to excite 
DO diilurBincc I was in that 
country during the month of Oc- 
tober. I attended three facra- 
ments. The number of people at 
each was fuppofed to be about four 
or five thoufand ; and every thing 
was conduced with ilrid proprie 
ty. When perfons fell down,thofe 
vho happened to be near took caie 
.of them, and every thing continu- 
ed quiet till the worihip was con* 

The length of time the people 
coQcinucd on the ground was an- 
other imporunt circumllance of 
the Kentucky revival. At Cane- 
Ridge the people met on Friday 
morning, and continued till Wcd- 
BcIHay evening, night and day 
without intermiiri'jn, cither in the 
public or private ex'.rcifcs of de- 
fotion ; and witli fuch a degree uf 
earneltnefs, tlia' 'ickvy Ihoviers of 
rain were not fuificient to difinirfc 
them. On other iltLramcntal oc- 
Cafions, they genvTally continued 
on th« ground til I MonJuy or Tuef- 
day evening. Ani h;ul not the 
mmillers been cxh^iulled and obli- 
ged to retire, or had they chufcn 
to prolong the wurlhip, tlii^y might 
have kept the people any length of 
time they ple.ifjd. And all this 
was or might have been done in a 
eountry, where, not a twclve- 
inooih before, the clergy found it 
a difficult matter to detain the peo- 
ple during the common cxcrcifcs 
of the Lhbath. The pradice of 
canpijig on the ground was intro- 
duced, partly by ncceility, and 
partly by inclination. The afTcm 
blies were generally too large to 
be received by any common nci;^^^' 
borhood. Every thing indeed 
was done which hofpitality and 
brotherly kindnefs couKl do^ to ac- 
comniodaie the people. Public 
and private houfos were both open- 
citiud free invitations giyco to all 

perfons who wiflietl to retire. Far* 
mers gave up their meadows be* 
fore they were mown to fupply tHb 
horfes. But not with (landing all 
this liberality, it would in many 
cafes have been impoffibic to have 
accommodated the whole afTembly 
with private lodgings. But befidesy 
the ])eople were unwilling to fuffer 
any interruption in their devotion* 
and they formed an attachment for 
the place, wheie they were con- 
tinually feeing (o many careiefsfin- 
ners receiving their Hril imprcfnons* 
and fo many deifts conflrained to 
call on the formerly defjiifed name 
of Jefus They conceived a fen- 
timent like what Jacob felt at Be« 
thel, when he faid, " Surely the 
Lord is in this place — this is none 
other but the houfe of God, and 
diis is the gate of heaven." 

The number of perfons whs 
have fallen down under fn'iousim« 
prciEons in this revival, is another 
matter worthy of attention. And 
on tliis I fhill be the more partic- 
ular, as it fccms to be the princi« 
pal caufe, why this work /hould be 
more fufpeclcd of enthufiafm, than 
fomc other revivals. At Cane« 
Ridge ficnmjnr (the place men- 
tioned above) it is generally fuppo- 
fed, that not lefs than one thoufand 
perfons fjll prolhate to the ground, 
andamon;jthem were man vinfidels. 
At one facramc:u which I attend- 
ed in that country, the number thai; 
fell was thought to be upwards of 
thee hundred. Perfons who fall 
are generally fuch as have mani- 
feflod fymptoms of the dee pelt im- 
prelfions for fome time previous to 
that even:. It is common to fee 
them Hied tears plentifully for ar 
bout an hour. Immediately be- 
fore they become totally p jwcrlcfs, 
they are feized with a general tre- 
mor ; and fomcrimes though noi 
frequently, in the moment of fall- 
ing they u^nt o\x^ QX VNQ ^x^^cvc^'L 


R^iS'ovi IirlrllijfiKf. 


Arieks. Pcrfons In this ftslc are 
affefled in many dirFtTcni degrees. 
Soroeti^ies when unatle te (land 
or fit, they luve the ufe of their 
hands anil can convcrfe wilh per- 
frft compofurc. In mhcr cafes 
they ate unable to fpeak, their 
pulfe grows weak, and iliey draw 
a hard breath about once aminiitc. 
And in fome indances their hands 
and feet become cold, and their 
pulfe, and breath, and all ihe-fytiip. 
forai of life forfjke them for rear- 
fy an hout. Perions vfha have 
been In this fituation have uniforrn- 
ly avowed, that they faffered no 
bodily pain, and that ihey had the 
entire command of their reafon 
arid reSe^on ; and wbco recov- 
ered they could relate every thing 
which was faid or done, neariheiDi 
or which could poflihly fall within 
(heir obfervaiion. Frora this it 

At the beginning of the reriTd 
in Shelby county, the appearance^ 
as related to me by eye witne^ 
were very fiirprifing indeed. The' 
revival had prcvioufly fprcad WtV 
irrefiftibie power through the aiXjt' 
cent counties ; and rnany of tM 
religious people had attended JPj 
.lant facramenti, and were grextfl 
benefitted. They were much <pl 
gaged, and felt unufual freedom U < 
their addroffes at the Throne of 
Giace ; for the OulpoBring of the 
divine Spirit, at the approaduoj 
faeramcnt in Shelby. The facn- 
mcntcame on in September. Tbe 
people' as ufual mot on Friday, bol 
they were all languid, and the ex- 
ercifes went on heavily. On S«w- 
day and Sunday morning it was M 
better. At length the communioi 
fervice commenced, and every thi«i 
was ftili lifelefs. The minitter rf 


ReRgimu InteUigenc}L 


before they obtain comfort. I have 
coDverfed with many who fdl un- 
der the influence of comfortable 
CecliDgSy and the account which 
ihey gave of their cxcrcifes, while 
they Jay entranced, was very furpri- 
£ng. I know not how to give you 
« better idea of them, than by fay- 
ing» that they pppcared in many 
caics to fiirpaifs the dying exercifes 
of DoAor Finley. Their minds 
tppeared wholly fu'allowed up in 
contemplating the perfedlions of 
Deity as illuflrated in the plan of 
Gdvation. And while they Jay in 
•U appearance fcnfekfs, and almoft 
deftitute of lite» their minds were 
nore vigorous and aftive, and their 
memories more retentive and accu- 
Rtte» than they had ever been be« 
fore. I have heard rei}}edlab]e 
characters aflcrt, that their mani- 
fieftatioDS of gofpel truth were fb 
dear, as to reqiiire feme caution 
when they began to fpealc, left they 
flKMiId ule language, which might 
Hifluce their hearers to fuppofe they 
lad leen thofe things with their nat- 
wal eyes. But at the fame time, 
they had feen no image or fenlible 
Beprefentationy nor indeed any 
thingv befides the old truths con- 
tained in the bible. Among thofe 
whole minds were fjllcJ wiili the 
Bioll delightful copiniunications of 
^vine love, I but feJdom obfervcd 
any thing ccftatic. Their exprcf- 
Coos were juii and TrttionaJ ; they 
converfed witli Ciilnmefs and com- 
pofure ; and on fir ft recovering tho 
life of ipccch, they appeared like 
perfons juft recovtring from & vio- 
lent (kkneCs, whioh had left them 
oo the borders of the grave. 

I have fometimes been prc(ent 
when perfims who fell under the 
ioflticnce of convi<flions, obtain* 
•d relief before they rofe. On 
tbcie occafions it was impolEble not 
to oUervc how ftrongly the change 
0^ ihcir (Hinds wu depiAed itk 

their countenances. From a fac« 
of horror and defpair, they a/Tu- 
rned one which was open, lumin- 
ous, and ferene, and exprefTive of 
all the comforuble feelings of reli- 
gion. As to thofe who fall down 
under legal convidlions and contin- 
ue in that Aate, they are not dif- 
ferent from thofe who receive con* 
virions in other revivals ; except- 
ing, that their diilrcfs is more fc- 
vere. Indeed, extraordinary pow- 
er is the leading chara^eriftic of 
this revival. Both faints and (in- 
ners have more ftriking difcoverics 
of the realities of another world* 
tl^an I have ever known on any> 
other occalioni 

I truft I have (aid enough on this 
fubje^f to enable you to judge 
how far the charge of enthufiafni 
is applicable to it. Lord Littleton 
in his letter on the converfion of 
St Pan! obfervcs (and I think ve- 
ry juftly) that '* Enthuliafm is a. 
vain, felf-righteows fpirit, fwelled- 
with felf fumciency, and difpofcd. 
to glory in its religious attain- 
ments." If this definition be a 
good one, there is perhaps as little- 
enthuflafm in Kentucky as in any 
other revival. Never in my liie 
liave I feen more genuine m»rks cf 
that humility, which difclaims the 
merit of its own duties, anii lookr- 
to the Lord Jefus Chrift :i< tlie or* 
ly way of acceptance with God. 
I was indeed highly pleafed to find 
that Chrift was all and in all in 
their religion, as well as in the re- 
ligion of the gofpel. Chrift i'diifs 
in their higheft attainments were 
moft fenfible of their entiie de- 
pendance on divine grace ; and it 
was truly affciEling to hear with 
what agonizing anxiety auakened 
finners inquired for Chrift, as tho 
only phyficiiin who could give theni 
any help. Thofe who call thcfc 
things cnthufiam, ought to tell us 

wh*t the J vicidetlvwA b^ Nk«. ^\><>r- 


F Chriftinrity. la hQ. Sit.ihis 
iv*l operate!, n inir Saviour 
ini>ri.J ilic Holy Spiiii Ihould 

|*hen (i-ni imo ilie world, h con- 

. «,t fii>, Df tipiiiMiir(«r>. 

f jwlgracr.i : » Hinnj; ci.nfir. 

Q to my mind, botli iluc ihc 

fc ii itiiiix, and that ihit it 

itkiMe tulfiimrnt t>{ it. 

It would l.c-(,t' tiiilc avail to i^b- 

i« xll iliN, ihut pcrhapl the 

tlHurii of many of ihe people 

r cotintrrftitcd. Such an ob- 

£!i;jn wuilil raihEr cftabiilh what 

I (ItftroT- Fut whert 

lihere » an mknv ihrre can be no 

t i and bcliiJc), when 

fthc £:ncijl unor of a worliisfBeh, 

Tit [o difiiofe ihe more inCiicwe pro- 

ftlTurj to count.rfut what is tighl, 

t wutk iiftlf niiilt lie genuine. 

r Tfh&xrm 




Itiriongot ilinfaunder leli- 

Wliilft Ac Vi<^€tA Saviour m 
catliii^ home hi» people and bsllA 
in)t ii|> ha church in this mnilci' 
vit way, oppafition could not («(• 
lent At tlutl turcliifitedabeat- 
ltut it u pffipcr 1 (hoold ob&m 
h(R. tbat the cIunortHM vppafiiini 
wliich aflailed the c-ork at its Ml 
appeaiaDce hai been in a %n* 
mtiilurc borne down before it. A 
Uf j;e propoition of thofc wh« fciH 
faJlea, vrrt at fifft oppofcn : ari 
their example tiai taught oihen V 
be cantiom. if it h«( -not cn^ 
them to be wife. 

I bare written on tbh lubjctf U 
a ^aier length thim I firft itMcvd* 
ed. But if this account tboM 
gire yott any failsfaAinoi and bcof 
any benefit to \ht conimoncfoiik ' 
fliall be Tully giatiJitd. - - 

Younwith ib< lii^beftdlaak 
Rev. AnhitalA Alixandir. 

»iap— »S« 




Connedicut Evangelical Magazine. 


Vol. IL] 

APRIL, x8o2. 

[No. lo. 

For the Connecticut Evak- 
GELicAL Magazine. 

Jittempts to probavaie the goj^l 
among the Indians in Netth' 
England and parts adjacent, 

(Contin. from p. 289.) 


Coacemmg the trotagatlon of the 
gojpd among the inmans in ATrw- 
Eighaidt <sfc. pdrtiadarfy asnong 
ibofe on Martha* s^Ftneyard* 

T N the firft number fome accoinit 
I was £iven of the miffionary la- 
bors of the Rev. Thomas May- 
hcvff Jun. among the natives on 
ifartha's-Vineyard— ^f his benet- 
olencey zeal, diligence, and felf- 
denial in the work— of the meaf* 
ures he took, firft in private^ then' 
in ptihtic to promote the recepdon 
of the gofpel — fome obfladet to 
the 20od work were mentioned ; 
othert remain to be noticecT. 

Mr. Experience Mayhew men- 
tions another thing, which was a 
temporary impediment to the prop- 
agation of the gofpel among thefe 
Indians, viz. '* In the year 1643, 
{here was a ftrange difeafc among 

Vo&. II. No. 10. 

them : l^ey ran up, and down^ 
as if delirious, till they could ruiK 
no longer : They wobld make 
their faces as black ai a coal, and 
fnatch up any weapon, ai tho' they^ 
would do mifchief ^Md it ; ana 
fpake gr^ fw^in j words } amf 
yet thev did! no hafm.** 

*^ Nuny of. thefe Indians were* 
By the &igli&, (m in this condi^ 
tion. Now thitf sad all othtir ca- 
lamities which t&e Indians werei 
under, they gtmirdAy then attriba* 
ted torthe depitftnreof ibme among 
them from their cnm heathenifi 
ways and cuffoms.'* Like fome 
anionjf civilized people, who yit 
havie been bettcf inftrnded, thej 
i^ad the judgments of heaven 1^ 
on tins occamm.* 

It feems probaUe, from the an* 
cient accomiti tiinfimtted to' us^ 
that the oppofition to CfariflStnity 

* FoffiUy this wm a ftntsfeok ol 
the powowt, who' might employ lomm 
coondeoU, wbo aftcd their puts fi^ 
well, u to impofc upon the other Iof 
diaat, and even npoa the fioglilh theift» 
(elves. Such pioas fnadi have not 
beea peculiar to civilised nationi. do« 
pofe this a fraud, or otherwife, tb 
powowi knew how to take advaatMO 
of it, to prejudice the minds if thcfi-' 
diani agaioft Chrifttanitf « 


Atbmfit ft Cirjf'*ma»tit JmSMt. 

C Alalia 

Mkr by Oe favnwi, «u ibc 
ircMcJt obbde of at). Tt>e or.a 
MOB p«npk knew noi how liicjr 
AmU c«ine off ftom tbca TItcy 
*cf« extremely ai'nid of offend- 
ing ihcra. Tbcy ikk only dtn^- 
DTtbac riHtea64/<*^> *>> »Miul 
tog ud luRwi WMMn ihrj thoii;;In 
Bu by iliRr enehiauDcnti ; Uot 
llicjr wert Afruil of ilil{ilufiA| 
ihcio oo aDothar Kcctct, u tllcy 
nude {Ttst drpecjtnce ufwe tbem 
iStimn of licbc&, n incn, who 
hul a anttfuturilpow-cr is the 
cut at diftaft* Tliii. it (mibs 
HV tnC Ifttragwr ccni UBS faoaad 
tkiB M ih«i> bradttnilh litci. 
The pevowf, by ooc nan tnd 
uoiheii Iqn tbm in cIk noil ih- 
rifl) fur and {UijcAwr to Umi i 
fo iMi, Tor a cor^&deniUe um* 
&v ditt{l dcTen tliou. 

T^c powom and iBoJc wfeo 
■Jfaertd u ihtta, bbcm die j«if 
I&46. fctibK r*D mccunci of tlic 

and tlxR nid mtaaj ftnrks of i>! 
pal hurt) which the pswiiwi li^:. 
ID die way of tbcii CBchamatOin 
docc to mawy. Ssdi a powti a 
titetn. being genetaily, if nei ov 
rnLIly beliered by the LaduBtk 
fcMiud. above uif ihi(.g elfc. eg 
difeovnge tbeni, for a litne, fie* 
KCcinng the ttue leligicn, aov 
poMilhfd aniaig Ukim ; ihu' tick 
KW, wbtthad^rudyrmbtaudi^ 
woe not to ttrrificd u w mI» 
^oi& ibcit prafeCoa. 

Danngthii meeung, diM ^ 
DOB wn afltcd l<> one. «bo «■•> 
ifae fide of the MtMW*. "Who* 

tbcic. who dou out firar liie Mf 
out r* Tu which aootkcr of da 
anTwcied, "ThtRuaoniaisA* 
it not 4fiajil of cIuJB." PcofaMf 
tbn fytkt die iral fentimeiBi ■ 
dkCiT lieansi at kafli i df^fli ^ili 
main body of the IiidiAM. 

It may be diftoJt. atibi 
fuUv to dcunbidc tkc 


Atiemfh to Chriftimlmihg InJ^ffU* 


kill theiBf and fomctlmes to cure 
their maladies. 

The powows thcmfclves made 
great pretences to fuch a power ; 
and the Indians perhaps univcrfally 
believed, that they were inveded 
with it : And thole of the natives* 
U'ho became Cimiiians, lud no 
Icrupie, that die powcws h;id a 
preternatural power, communica- 
ted by fome fpirit^ inferior indeed 
to Jehovah, and fubjedt to His 
control, but when permitted by 
Him, couldf and didf by ti}e in- 
Ani mentality of thtfe men, pro- 
sduce tfTcifts beyond human. The 
Indians told our aoceftors (bange 
flories about the feats of the pow- 
Aws ; and doubtlefs, in many in- 
Aances 4t lead, i^elated what they 
iiinpoled to be ftri^ly true.* 

The powows were ever ready to 
f rociaim their own extraordinary 
foweff and their people flood 
ready to believe thtm. Governor 
Hutchinfon mentions one PafTa- 
jconawayy a great Sagamore upon 
Merrimack River, who was the 
tpott celebrated powow in the couo- 
^ I He made the Indians believe 
grange things ; that he could make 
water burn, locks move, and 
trees dance ; and meumorphofe 
hiaSclf into a £amir.« man ; that 
in winter he couli rJfc a green 
leaf out of the afhes of a dry one, 
and produce a living fnakc from the 
fltin of a dead onef Indeed, 
thejf who afTumed the leaii, made 

Eetenfions of performing works 
yond the power of mere mor- 
tals. The poor, ignorant Indians 
were doubtleG, in many inftances 
aileaA, deluded themfclves : Vile 
frauds were praAifed upon them ; 
and fometimesy without duubt, 

* Some iccounti are fo romautic, 
3dut we mty fay concerning' them, 
•what die Romsu poet fays m another 
fMSCf •* Credat JudKusApella.*' 

f Hilt MaiC T. I. p. 474. 

* «- 

thofc tha were cruel in th^ es^r 
tremc. They told the early fet> 
tiers what they themfelvcs beliey* 
ed ; and it may be, the former 
were not fo careful, and Arid in 
their examination of reported fa£ls^ 
as they might have been. Allow- 
ance is aifo to be made for the err- 
i/ulify of tliat age, in refped to 
fomc particulars ; which was in- 
deed, by no ineans, peculiar to 
New- England. lo that ])enod« 
many men of great learning, and 
found judgment in mo/I things, 
feejned too apt to giye credit lo thp 
marvcilous, without that evidence, 
which their goodftnfe would have 
required in moil other cafes : And 
fome good Cirj/iian hdtanjy who 
communicated an account of th^ 
extraordinary power of the' pow- 
0WS9 %nd their aftonlfhing adlioQC* 
might be nuiUken, being, impof^ 
upon by the art, ^nd dexterity gf 
thefe cunning men 9 for the g^^^^r 
ralityof t}ie natives ludTu^h a fix- 
ed awe upon their piipds of ^c 
great power of thefe men» and 
fuch a veneratiQii for their charac- 
ter, as thofe, who had immedi^tf 
communication with their deities, 
and dire«5l influence from them, 
that they would not be likely to 
examine with flri^nefs their fuppor 
fed extraordinary feats. 

Mr. Ncale, ^cr xjuoting from 
fome of the ancient writers, fever- 
al accounts of the uncommon, and, 
as they fuppofed, preternatural ac- 
tions of tlie powows, which were 
attributed to the afUllance giveu 
them by evil fpirits, concludes 
with this remark : " I fliall leave 
the reader to pafs wh:it judgment 
he pleafes, upon thefe relations ; 
but, in my opinion, they arc fo<far 
from proving the do^rine ihey arc 
brought to lupport, that they c:ir- 
ly in them the greatell air of jugg!*, 
and impoilure in the world." 


jfiltmpti l» Cbrifiianivt the fad 


ter of the powaw^ we fltill leave 
it. inlbcDerdpe^i, problcmaiicil. 
It* iny, opon the eWdtnce (hey 
nuy obtain, ace led to think, thai 
they were id conftijeracy with the 
imfenu! powers, in fuch a manDefi 
and in fach an high fenCe, as the 
incieot writen tlioujht, they have 
Alight to enjoy their opinion; If 
otben may ruppofc, upon careful 
examioatioo o) the proof), that 
they were not confederated with 
evil fptrits. And aij^d by them, 
any more, than other vrry wicksd 
men may be faid to be, whole ima- 
ginationi may be frctj'jently and 
llrongly impreflird by thefe iovifiWe 
evil powers, they have eqiia] right 
totheirj. Every one will deter- 
mine for himfcif, as he liasgrouodi. 
Thus much is midouhtedly true, 
that they were, at Icall, cunning 
Jugglers ; who by fomc dejttrous 
managements, and (irangc feats, 
alTonilhcd the ignorant multitude. 

it was. They were appidieiiliTe, 
that if ChriflianityprcTailed, their 
power and influence woal^ be M i 
and iliDfe (heamt of propertyi 
which flowed in iipon them irooi 
their abufcd coontrynieni would. 

Such were the difficulties which 
Mr. Mayhew had to c 

hii roilEi 

lonary attempts. 


the obftacles, w hicb lay in fait 
way. Such were the difcocragB- 
ments, whith rofe in the minds rf 
the poor natives. Bot none rf 
thefe obftruflion* prevented Mt 
Mayhew, and his faithful ^'ien4 
Hiacoomes, whom he had joised 
to himielf, as an aflbciate ia Al 
work, from a vigorous purfoit of 
the important bulinds upon whiii 
they had fet out. They viewed 
the catife, as highly intcieftiogt 
and their zeal, a^duity, itidia- 
feverance were in proportion to tb> 
magnrtade of the objefl. 


Attempts to Chrijliantxc the In^ans, 


were vifited with a fevcre diftcm- 
per, which proved mortal to many 
of them ; but apparently lefs fo to 
them who liad j^lven any counte- 
nance to ttie ^rc.u truths, wliich 
had been projjofctl lo them, and 
flic wed any re gar J to them ; thofe 
were far more ;;ent!y vifited with 
the diforder, than others ; and 
Hwcoonics, and his family, who 
openly prv-'A-'fled the gofpcl, were 
Icarccly, ^itall, hurt by it. 

Whether mere n.uura! c;iures in 
the;il mode of opcraticn, ac- 
COr;!inn to c;cneial, or the par- 
bc^iar and ;.rovidence of 
Go'i made the diltindion, we 
Ihall r.r-*. Ib.nd tj inquire. This is 
rcry wo:'.hyof notice, that a wife 
and c'..ri'.ui«i God o\er-ruleJ this 

receiving the me/T^ge abont break 
of day, readily went to Mioxoo's 
houfe. When he came, he fouad 
many Indians colle^ed there> 
among whom was Tawanquatuck* 
the chief Sachem of that end of 
the ifland. 

Mioxoo received Hiacoomef 
with great apparent pleafurc, and 
told him, what hcdefired of him ; 
the fum of which was, ** that he 
would fhew his heart to them, and 
let them know, how it flood to- 
wards God, and what thry ought 
to do" 

Hiacoomcs very cheerfully at- 
tended to the propofai : Kc im- 
mediately laid hold of the oppor- 
tunity to indruifl them ; explain- 
ing fome important points of natu- 

difcr^mi.iition for ih«- '^ood of the i ral, and revealed religion, 
heaihirn. They» v.lio n^metime | Having jlniihed his fpeech, Mi- 
befoie .ittrlba:c(i a (iiarac difeafc oxoo afkcd him, " li6W many gods 

unon; Themtc the anccr of their 
deities, b',c;i\-!j ionic cf the peo- 
ple forfook tiicir old ; Ji^.Mon, and 
icfaofe a new .)r.c, r'^v/ quelHoned 
with them ft Ivc 5, • .icrthepref- 
entiicknefs, v. l'h'"i.. concomitant 
ctrcumftanccs, v. ;> not biuuoht 

the Englifh worfhippcd ?" Hia- 
coomcs anfwered, *♦ One, and no 
more." Upon which Mioxoo 
reckoned up about 37 principal 
gods, which he had : " And (hall 
1, fitiil he, throw away all thefe 
thirtv fc'ven for the fake of one on- 
Upon them by y.hi v.di, asatr^ken ; ly :** "What do you yourfclf 
rf his difpleidure, on account of tlilnk :" faid Iliacoomes. " For 
their generallv veio(5lir.i; C hrifrian- ' my part, 1 have thrown away all 
hy. lU' means of ihis !i::kncfs, , tnefe, and many more fome years 
and the diiiin^licn made in it, ina- ; ago, and yti I am prcft-rvcd, as 
ny of ihcm were put i.|Hn ferlous j you fee, this d.iy." " Vou fpcak 
confideration (^f the ih-n'-.-, which true, faid Mioxoo ; :jncl tiierclorc 
before they flighted ; and lumc be- | I wlli ihiow away all my gods too, 
pm carnefily to dell re 10 \\A\e the i and fi."ive that one God with ycu." 
troths of the Chriftian rL'lii»ion ex- Mioxoo having cxpieifed this 

plained to them ; and to hearken, 
with great attention, to :he thin;;s 
which were, by Mr. Mayhew, 
>Qd Hiacoomcs, preached among 

About this time, Mioxoo, be- 
"*R the chief man of the place 
Where he lived, fent a mciLngerin 
^e ni^ht to Hiacoomcs, about 
*»e, or fix miles, entreating him 
A come to him ; and Hiaccomes 

rcfol;;tion, Hiacoomcs proceeded 
more fuUy to inftruA him, and the 
rci\ of the company with him, and 
did, a? Mioxoo df fired, open his 
heart to them. He told them, that 
he did fear the g»'cai God only ; 
and did greatly reverence his Son, 
who had fuiTercd death to make fat- 
is{'ai?iii)n for fm for aH thofe, who 
trull in him and fordUte tK«,\T C\tv^A 
ways •, and \.V\?lI vYie \jvi«. ^l 0<A 


AitfmfiU It Cbri/^mi tht Tmiiau. 


oik iheft ihinp ii 
>- chilureo of ni«B 
JIo, (hii be wu 

He told 

h - uuodai. uiddeliitd tob« 
:_-,i.(mtJ iiy Jefui Chtill jVffBi 
.liiiii, uid 10 W4IL accoidiog to 
lio'l's CO nua^nd merits. 

Hijcoomci Jib now loMtbcfe, 

11* {uor countrymen, of the lin 

inJ Ull of Ad^ni, and wfcit 1 

<itJdl'ul Itjw manlnDii wcic th«e- 

I tl^ broiight iQUi ; «iid did iiifo. 

iiti Cltrillim t'rMdoni, Ttckoo up 

iciroufilins to ihem, aod chai- 

I ;■ .1 (hem home upon their con- 

1 ihit of having many 

I tfi^'- S'^^K ^'^'' powuskii &c- 

I liivinnihui opened bis h earl 

it l.^»e«, he coo<:ludca hii 

luiff. by telling ihem, that if 

louM Li<uin Ijch heurtli i% 

' tTJCf I..' liid, ihey (hould 

e fudi raercici a^ he did* 

: dilcatirl'e tjf Hiacoomej 

; ended, fcTcral of his heir- , 

" That a long twnc >go, the b- 
ditnt had wife men amone licst, 
who did in » grave nuocet, teicl 
the people kaowicdge ; b«t 1^, 
faid he, art dead, ^id ihdr wt 
dom i« buri^ wiUt tlicia ) k4 
DOW, men lead a giddy lift, iak 
oorance, till thejr arc whitc-bciI- 
ed ; and iho' ripe is ytiru n! 
(hey ^o withoi:: wifdoat lo thK 
giatej ;" Bjt added, " H: hafti 
the lime of kaowlcdgc vnt Wf 
come." He iheti tlf^ {«(hm 
joining witb him) defied 11^ 
Mayhew to preach in a IbuA 
courfe 19 tlie Indian* [3 nab 
known the ^vord of God to thoK 
And foon afier, goiug ta Ik' 
Mayhew to cncoui^ge Lin. taU 
hin, in the figuraiire Uagiaff4 
hi* country, " TLi: he flmotd &; 
to them, ai one that ll4ndi br I 
running [irer, filling many icMii 
even fo Ihall you fill u* witli cRt- 
lafting knowledge." 


Attemfis to ChrlfMrnze the Indians, 



xnoted the fpiritual health of not 
a few of the furrivors. 

It has been obfervcd, that the 
Sachcnosat^i^, and (ot fome years ^ 
made fhenuous oppoGtion to the 
^(pci. Mr. Mayhew fenior, the 
gOTcrnor, obferved this. He had 
the Chriflian caufe much at heart ; 
snd iK'as very defirous to firength- 
CD the hands of his fon, and en- 
couriffe him in tlie good work of 
go^ehzing the heathen. He was 
jeniiblc, that to remove the preju- 
dices of the Sachems was of no 
ilnall confequerice to fuccefs. He, 
as he had opportunity, took much 

Sins with thcmi that he might 
:ilitate their reception of the 
golpcly and induce them to permit^ 
and encourage their fubjeds to 
lieart and pay attention to it. By 
bis wife management, many of the 
Sachems were induced to think 
more favorably of Chriftianity, 
dian they had done ; and finally 
to renounce heathenifm, and be- 
come difclples of Jcfus CHrift, and 
to encourage their fubjedls to em- 
trace ChriUianity. In thefe things 
he wu a fellow-helper to the truth. 
Tm gentleman obferving, that 
the Indian governments were ab- 
fblpte monarchies ; one main ob- 
flruAion to the progrefs of the 
GofjicI on the I (land, feemcd to 
hcy the jcaloufy the princes con- 
ceived of the invafion of their 
.gorernment, thro' tlic pretence of 
rt]igion, and the eclipsing their 
Bonarchical dignity ; and finding 
Aai the princes on thcfc Ifhnds, 
ibo* they maintained their abfelute 
povcr^ as kings, yet were bound 
to do certain homage to a more 
TOweiful prince on the bordering 
BOBtioent ; and tlio' they were no 
eat people, had yet been wafted 
' iDtefiine wars, wherein the great 
liDcet on the main, not unlike 
he Earopean princes, for like rea- 
Mii of lUtei were pot uoalfiOiDg, 

whereby the Iflanders were neccf^ 
(itated to make thofe princes the 
balance, or umpires to decide their 
controverfies, by prefents annually 
fent to oblige them to give their 
alFiftance as occaiion required ;. 
aad feeing his fbn uiing zealous 
endeavors for their converfion, he 
judgps it fit that they fhould unite 
; in their fcreral places to promote 
; the great deHgn i And therefore 
I he wifely takes the advantage of 
this (ituation of the Indian aif«iir» 
to attach them to him by the fol- 
lowing method : 

He tells the Ifland Indians, that 
by order o^ the crown of England, 
he was to govern the EngliOi uho 
fhould inhabit thefe lilands : That 
his royal mafter was, in power, 
far above any of the Indian mon- 
archs ; but that as he was great and 
powerful, fbhe was a lover of jus- 
tice ; that therefore he would in 
no meafure invade their jurifdic- 
tions; but, on the contrary, af- 
fift them, if need required ; that 
rel'i^ton and govern men t were dif- 
tin^t things ; and their Sachems 
might retain their juft au'.hoiitvv 
tho' their fubjeAs were Chriftians. 
And thus, in no long time, he 
brought them to conceive no ill 
opinion of the Chriftian religion.* 
After a few years fome Sachems, 
and other principal men l>ecamc 
Chriftians, and fbmc of them 
preachers to their countrymen. 

Another thing which conduced 
much to remove impediment?, and 
to promote the great work of jirop- 
agating the gofpel, was the inftitu- 
tion of a fchcol for the inftru^ion 
of the Indian elildrcn and youth, 
in reading, writin<), and tiic fuC: 
principles of Chriftianity. 

Mr. Mayhew very well knew, 
that humanly fpeaking, the gof^ 
pel iDuft make a much dower prog- 

* Matthew Ma.^KrM^% "^vrcviiu^^^. • 

yfitrnpii I* Cliifilamt* tht InBaat. 


I ref« *nionj ihofc, who jre ■wholly 
1 deltiiiite o( letteis, ih«n ^rniung 
I ihuff uho h^ve fome ^cijujinuncc 
I with ilicm. '\'hn the In.lUni 
--„ - - intLlligcnt 

I ChTilluiu, acoafidcrjbU number 
I ol" ttitir diildrcn at ih<:_/irj} fatbg 
u|j of the fchool ; .utA iiuny years 

I 10 i.*d, .ir.,1 many ul iheni to 

The WM oj'cncd in Jan- 
irv iC>)^ : jt u) imic, not 
w^^c jutc.,11 iriv.-.f J lofend 
ciiiiJicn ; but ii»y young 
, wlio woie willirg [d Inirn, 
: ilkij to iiiltiid. i'iicy were 
I pifJcvi wnh the i^uipdUl 1 About 
' ('aLlrcTi Tcin came 

', 1*. ni.iy Ll- prtiii- 
-■ ihe k 



.1 priitlc 

The f^jth, fiiriitudef uvd con- 
tlincy of Hiicoomes had no (m^ 
indLiirnce to remove fomc obllicleii 
»nj j>fc]i»r« ilie way for the maM 
generd pra|>i2Uioii of the go^ 
tmong the cacivct. 

N!;iihcr the ridtcale nor re- 
praiches of his inGdd couDtrymcil 
nor iheir thicatcmn^s, nor thole 
of til? powofts iheofclvct, diea^ 
Ly ihc otbct 


I his fulTc 

other kindi could (ukke hU fii^ 
and conlijocy. He noblj rcfol- 
Tcd ta be obedient, smd fjithfulta 
Jehovah, and ilrra iolhcChnrtitt 
caufc, tho he IhouU be lin^ulnid 
hit purnufe, incur tlic difpleiTura 
of hit Iriendi. iiid >.ren fall4ii» 
tim in -.he cjjfe of truth. 

Al 1 M-eiinj of the priyi^ 
Indi.^ns, fume of chdr heailKB 
r!;ii;lib3rs came together. v-iiL i 



Attempts to Chrifilanhe the Indianu 


ded> ** I believe in Gody and put 
my tnift in him ; and therefore all 
the powows can do me no hurt." 
The Indians then wondering to 
hear Hiacoomes (peak thus fo open- 
ly^ feveral of them faid to one 
another, ^* That tho' they were 
before afraid of the powows ; yet 
now, becaufe they heard Hia- 
coomes's words, they did not fear 
them, but believed in God too.*' 

Some time after this, on a 
Lord's day, after meeting was clo- 
fed, where Hiacoomes had been 
preaching, there came in a powow 
▼eryangiy and Qid, ''I know ail 
the Meeting Indians are liars i you 
lay, you don't care for the pow- 
ows ;" then cniling two, or three 
of them by name, he railed at 
them, and told them, ^' that they 
were deceived, for the powows 
coiilJ kill all (he Meeting Indians, 
if they let about it :" But Hia- 
coomes tlien told him, '* That he 
would be in the midll of all the 
pouows on the Ifland, that they 
could procure ; and that they 
Ihould do their utmofl, by their 
witchcraft to kill him, he would, 
without fear, fct himfelf againft 
them by remembering Jehovah." 
By this anfwer he put the powows 
to filcncc, as to any injury they 
could do him by their (kill and 
ability ; tho' they pretended, that 
none but he could refiil their pow- 
er, and elude their arts. 

He declared before the Sachems, 
powows, and a great affembly, that 
he was ready to acknowledge, that 
the God, whom they worfhipped 
had great power, yet it was lim- 
ited* and iubfervient to the God 
he had now chofen : Therefore, 
tho* by means of the powows, 
many had fuffered much, and fome 
were killed ; yet he defiAfed their 
power, as being himfelf a fervant 
of Him, whufe power overruled 
all power, and ordered all things." 

Vol. II. No. lo. 

TheexpeAing multitude wait the 
event, which they concluded would 
be ficknefs, or death ; but to their 
aftonifhmenti he remained un* 

Upon this they efteemed him 
happy, in being delivered from 
their terrible power^ as they view- 
ed it. 

Several of the aflembly defired 
Hiacoomes to tell them, what this 
great God would have them to do ; 
and what were the things that of- 
fended Him : He immediately ap^ 
plied himfelf to prayer and preach- 
ing ; and by an happy recolledion» 
readily mentioned a great number 
of particular (ins committed among 
them, and as many contrary duties 
neglefled ; which fo furprifed 
them, and touched their confcien- 
ces, that many of them refolved 
again ft tho(e evils, and to walk 
with God, and attend his word. 

Thus the faith, fortitude, and 
conftancy of this good man had aa 
happy influence in removing fome 
impediments, and preparing the 
minds of not a few to receive in- 
(Irudtions in the truths of the gof- 
pel, and to (hengthcn them again ft 
thofe objeAs of fear, which, as a 
lion in the way, had prevented 
them from entering into, and pur- 
fuing the paths of wtfdom. Their 
fentiroents of the great ability of 
the powows were changed ; and 
they concluded, that there was 
fome invincible power, fuperior to 
that, who, as they thought, ac- 
tuated the powows ; and that the 
God, whom HiacoonKS wor(hip- 
ped, was that Great Being, f 

The converfjon of fome of the 
powows had an happy afpeA upon 
the propagation of Chriftianity. 
We have (een, that they were the 

* Matthew Mayhcw's Narrative, 
f Indun ConTcrts, p. 6, tod 384. 
■ Matthew Maybcw*! Narrative 

mod virvlwrt Miemif i of ihe gofpel 
The conwilion of fome of ihera 
pte » peal blow lo hcithcnirm, 
fTi>oi which it iwver rtcovrrn!. 
They becinic firm fuppfiricfi of 
thiit gofj-d, which (tree ihn were 
ntneft to deftroy ; and tlpoaTcd 
thf caufe of ChriHitnity wKh U 
much z»l, w once they kadttoM 
that of ihcir fulfe CoHi. 
CTohe Lmfmvcd ) 

Thi i-Mririt af iXtEWof., nttutton. 
/Jc»l viilb lit u/i and ncttj^tj cf 

1 Tim. ii. !□. ritrtfort r in- 
jure oil d-ingi for iht clefi's 
faJn, thai ibij tnay alfa vUain 
Ii. fuUalion, •aihkiu » Cbrijl 
Jcfui, vi'uh tltrimt glerj. 
"'Of^Smearj ihc fame« lo 

'.en. [Avn^ 

of grace. "Vyx e1«Aioa tialh ofti 
tamiA ii, antt the reA were bb^ 
ed." Jimn alfo U.ji in hii epit 
de, " Haih not God chofen (w 
defied) the poer ef this worii^ 
ikhinfaitti, aod hein of the kia|- 

It iicerumfromthefe, toAm^ 
ny (^er fimilar jnJliget, tint Aa* 
it fuch ■ thing mi eitSion, and dnk 
feme are etched or chorcn of (Mt 
If cannot be denied withont co^ 
tridifling the mod expieis ded>> 
ration of ficred wm. 

And it may be further obfene^ 
ifvat (he eka iit chofen to facdiaeS 
and (alvation. For thopoMeitk 
chrtf to hii f^lIow-ChrtlK^ 
" Breihten, bcloTcd of the L«j' 
Ga<thtth iliofim QT rkBfJjonii 
falntion. Hath tta/m m, tM 
we l}iould be hofy~~aiid wtioai U' 

did prrJrpinme or ikB, rhOB W 

oiled, and jnlltfied, and ffttt^ 
s teach the et»f 


On EUBimu 


word of God» that real Chriftians 
«re «horea or elev^cd te ikivation 
before the founda:ion of che world, 
or from eternity, 

Tiiis truth is alio manifed from 
reafba and the divioe perfe<5lions. 
God is unchangeable — is the fame 
•ycfterday, to-day, and forever, 
9fiA with him there is no variable- 
aefiii neither fhadow of turning'; 
^refore all his jmrpofes and dcter- 
Biinationi muff be eternal. If 
tlien God ever choofes any to fal- 
fation ; it is certain, that his 
•choice of them mull be from ecer- 

But it may be again aflced, Did 
4fod thus eternally choofe the eledt 
IB account of any fcrcfecn good- 
^Af holineisy or willingncfs to re- 

Cand believe in the Lord "Je- 
antecedent to their being re- 
lewed bj his Holy Spirit f What 
kf the (criptures on this point i It 
k declared in a pafTagc already quo- 
ted, " God hath chofen us in him, 
before the foundation of the world, 
•diflf we Jhouldlif holy,'* Here it 
is eridcnt* that ClirilHans are elec- ; 
tied or chofen, not becaufe they 
%ere good or holy, but that they j 
i^ht be fo. They are chofen to - 
^linefs, and are made holy in con- 
Icguence of their bolng thus chofen. 

Again it is faid, " God hath fa- 
^ed BS and called us with an holy 
Calliog, not according to our 'worisf 
ktt according to his own piirpofe 
md grace. Not by vaorks of 
^ij/^biiomfMefjf which we have done, 
hot according to his mercy he faved 
^ by tlie walhing of regeneration, 
^nd the renewing of the Holy 
Qhoft." Do not fuch paflagcs 
idtioly teach* that tlie eleA are not 
chcAii and called or renewed on 
^Ccouat of any holinefs or good 
%arka, but according to God's 
^Nm inercyy purpoie and grace ? 

But the words of the apoftle, 
Iton. ix. are dill mois explicit 

and decided on this fubjcA. Ho 
is there illuftrating God's wife and 
holy fovereignty and purpofe of 
eledion by his chocfing Jacob in 
preference to £fau before their 
birth. *< For the children being 
not yet born, neither having done 
good or evil that die purpofe ac- 
cording to election might (land* 
not of works, but of him that cal- 
leth." So chap. j:i. it is faid, 
thateledlion is of ^race- '* And 
»f by grace, then it is no more of 
works." 'Can any words more 
fully or exprefsly declare, that 
God's purpofe of eledion or choice 
of the eled, is wholly of graces 
and not at all on account of any 
goodnefs forefeen to be in them, 
antecedent to their ele^ioa or re» 

This will be further evident 
from a conGderation of N;e char- 
adcr of mankind, while unrenew- 
ed. The fcripturcs teach, that 
while in this fituation tliey arc 
" dead in fin" — " enemies to God" 
— that " every imagination of the 
thought of their heart is only evil 
continu;dly," and Chrlfl fays, 
'* No man can come unto me, ex- 
cept the Father draw him." 

They aie therefore wholly dcf- 
titute of ail holinds or moral goocU 
and have no difpofition to rejient 
and coidinlly embrace tlic golpcl, 
until renewed by the Holy Spirit. 
Confc que inly it is impcilible, th.r. 
the elect ^ould be chofen and ic- 
generated on account of any fore- 
feen goodnefs or willingncfs to go 
to Chriil in faith and love. Fo%* 
if God were never to eledt any to 
falvation, till he forefaw, that they 
would of them/elves be difpoitd ii# 
repent, it is certain, that none of 
the human race would be deded 
or (avcd. What our Saviour faid 
to his unbelieving hearers is equally 
true of all impenitent Gnners, " Yc 
will Botcomc unto ma^ ^%x\^ tcvx& 



have life-" None will go, unlets 
drawD 1^ the Father. 

But K a oftcD objeaeJ, ihat if 
the doctrine of elrBion is true, it 
can be of no advaauge for minir' 
ters w preach the gofpel, or for 
people to hear, and attend upon 
the means of grace. Fot it ii 
fajd, that thofc who are elefted 
■will be faved, and thofe who are 
not, will never obtain faJvation ; 
■whcilier they attend to the means 
of falvation, or not. 

In anlwer to this objeiftioo, it 
may be obferved, that the infpiied 
Paul was of a very different opin- 
ion from the objeiJlots on thii 

No writer of the new lefUment 
;ntly and plainly taught 
the doflrlne of eleftion than Paul. 
Yet he was fo far from fuf^ofii 
thitthisrendercdmeansui "" 

that he was the moil lab' 

ters Ihould notfaiihfuDy pteaiiJ) the 
gofpel, and people carefully bar 
and attend upon the means of graOi 
In further illuAratiiig this until, k 
may be obferved : 

I. That by eleSion is meant ll> 
eternal purpofe of God to rendw 
the preaching of the gofpel, tA 
gious knowledge artrl inltrnaiiA 
and other means of grace, eda- 
cious in awakening, and bringiig 
a certain number to repentsm 
faith and holy obedience, that tbcf 
may in tli's way obtain ialration. 

Now God's determination, ibt 
preaching and other means of gratt 
(hall be inllrumcntal of bringiaga 
number to repeniance and laW 
rtainly cannot render thde 
unneceffai^, or of so tA- 
vantage. Can it be anyjuflieafni 
why minifteislhould notfaitUiillf , 
preach the gofpel, warn, and » \ 
(traft mankind, becattfe God b 

1 8o 2 . ] IV by the fufferlngt and death of Cbrl/l ^uere neeeffary^ 573 

fbw tJic earth ? Would it not be 
very abfard to obje^^l* that btcaufe 
God had determined that a certain 
number ihould have crops by means 
of ci'iiivHtion ; therefore cuhiva- 
^on was unnectfTirv, and there was 
BO cncour..|;ement tor ptrfons care- 
fully to till their land I \i they 
€lid not till and fow, ii i^ certain, 
that they would hdve no harvefL 
Sut the more dd! "gently they cidti- 
^ated their tainis, the j'.rt.Kcr 
ivould be the priuubility, tlut they 
^vcreofthc nuniber^uho by the | 
divine determination were to have a , 
plentiful harvell. i 

And i5 it not eqiip.liy unreafona- ; 
Ue to object, that preaching and 
«ther means are unntcciriry, or 
that there if no advantaj'e in feri- 

ncglcdl tilling and fowing, becaufe 
it was determined, that a particular 
unknown number fliall have crops 
by thefc means. A carelcfs neg- 
ic^ of the means of j[*racc and du- 
ties of religion is as dire^ a way to 
cnfure cur dedrudlion, as a neg- 
ledl of cultivation is to have no har- 

Thus it is manifcf)-, that the doc- 
trine of election does not render 
the preaching of the gofpcl and 
other means of grace at all unne* 
cefTary, and affords no reafon, why 
all ihould not ferioufly attend upon 
thtfc means. H. £. 

For the Connkcticut Evan- 
gelical Magazine. 


g% . r I LI Qiieflion. Uhy could not God 

ullv attendin,'' upon ihem ; be- ■ . ^^ ^ , j -/r r n 

r r^ J I J 11 ' J^'^'e repeTitiince ana remunon of Itn^, 

aufe God liu.s dettrnuned, that 1 * i 5 r t t- n / cl- 

- /. ii 11 I ■ ii I ana re/fore /:nn^rjf ty hts Ijoiy opit' 

«cic means Ih.ili be jnltiumentalto - .trr 1 1 ^^' r -.l 
, 11 \ 't^ to bohnejs and batpmen^ with- 

aiwaken, and l)riiii» a numutr to ' ^t r ir - i j al r l- 

I r \ • % \ out the fuffcrinvs and death of his 

vepentance and l.iivdtiun : ' -'^ •* ■'- - 

rw%* r \ A r ' Son ? — Or, in other words, Why 

nhole, who arc m a (tate of ^1 j- ' t j * 

aal concerns, they may know, that 1 
^ev aie in the greatell danger of 
periHiing, and are iiaiUTMn;^ down 
the broad road 10 dcilructlon. Biit 
the more (Infible ihcy ate of their 
fin and d.tnn»T, and the nioic at- 
tenti^'e they arc to di\ine things 


c;/ Chrift 

BELIEVE there arc fc\y» 
who read and hear the gofix:!, 
biit, at J'onie period of thcii lives, 
have had fonit thing like the above 
queries pafs throi:gh their minds. 
Want of pro]>er light, and of re- 


the greater is ilie pruUibiiity of ceiving jull ideas on this important 
their being chofcn to Llvation. 
None can en lure falvation, unJefs 
they yield a cordial coni])liancc 
^ih the duties of religion, and 
make them their higheil concern. 
It is therefore ax unreafonablc to 
ne^lec^ a fcrious attention to the 
means of grace and our eternal in- 
tercfts on account of the doifiiine 
0f elcAion ; or bee aufc it has been | tempttd, is, only to at range a few 
determined* that thele mians (liall thou;>lus, iW-n will bear much en- 
•kit efieAual to the falvation of a 
Dumber ; as it would be to 

fubjciJl, has led into wrong lenti- 

ments concerning the gofpel, and 

j to many doubtf, whether it is in 

fadl a rcvclaiion fjoni God. To 

attempt a full anfwcr to the qy-ef- 

tions above Haled, in their vari- 

; ous connetflions and confcqucnces 

■ mi"lit fwcll the ful^ic^l to a volume- 

All ihcrefuie that will now he at- 


1. The firll ih\n^ \ &aJ\ ^5^ 

37+ IVhy the Ju^itt^i and death ff Chriftii;ere nettffarj. f A*Ktt« 

J;tvc, by w»y of anfwer, is, that 
Ihi choraSir »/ Cod'u ptrftS. 

No other, than a charifler <**■ 
ry tumy perfiB, anfwer what is 
ii;cn and declared of God to his 
works of creation, and piovidencc, 
and in the Toliune of mfpiratioo. 
In atl thefe, he i« declared to be 
fi;lf.cxi(lent, independent, and the 
fiijl caufc of a!l thing] thai exid. 

In our ideas aipcrfiaion in God 
we untie nc/urn/and morij/ attri. 
-butes. In the higheft piiflible degree. 
The n.tiural aitributes afcnbed to 
God are ratirval, intelli^eiH iiiflaicr, 
fiich as wifdom, knowledge and 
fiower, in a much higher de^ec 
than any created being is able to 

But a being polTefred of fuch m- 
bounded knowledge, wifdam and 
fDwer, might be unfjteakably dread- 
ful lo creatures, if his moiiil char- 
afier or attiibuuis were not good. 

Thit the moral charafler of 

" be cannot deny himfelf." All 
the divine operations and coui£li 
of God are perfefUy boly. AS 
polFible things are before him, and. 
he choofes, and caonot but choolc) 
agreeable 10 his holy nature, that 
which is beft-^Ihoald he m 
choofe that uhich is betl id ckij 
thing, it would denote irapofcfr 
tioD, it would be aifting coBtrarf la 
hi] holy nature, he would deny 
himfe If, which is impodible. 

3. As ail intelligent cxldeaceii 
comprehendedin Gcd andrationil 
creatures, the bolinefsof hiioaiEn^ 
would lead him, isaU his aAiu^, 
diTpcDfations, to regard the hi^ 
e{l good, happiads and glory A 
the whole ; this raall be true htk 
nerolence aod impanial goodnefa. 
Of the being that does tim, W 
may well fay his name is Uvt. ^ 

-God wa3 adiag thus whenk 
gave to creatures his holy Ii*. 
This law he gave as a perfefl rale 

l903.3 ^yiy the fujirings tmdJeaihof bhrifi werenecejary, ^ff 

hooonible, to reftire Cnners to a 
conformity to it* as the only pofli' 
ble way to make them happy. Yea 
to alter or cliange this holy Iaw» in 
tny refpeA, would be to deny him- 
6UF. Thus our divine Lord fatd 
heaven and earth (hall pafs before 
one jot or title of it fhall fail. 

1 he law of God therefore in 
it9 precepts and penalties mud re- 
main as unchangeable as the nature 
of God himfdf. 

Homan laws are changcd9 and 
penalties are remitted ; but this 
arifes merely from their imperfcc 
lion : were they perfedv They 
vould admit of no change, this is 
iht cafe with the la w and government 
of God« it is pcrfeft and admits 
of no change. 

If God's law, in all its precepts 
and penalties, originates from the 
uichangeable and infinitely perfect 
Batnre of God ; if all his opera- 
tionit determinations and govern- 
ncnt harmonize in forming one 
toiiform^ unchanging glorious char- 
after ; then the tranfgrelTor of 
God's law mufl look in rain for 
amy change in him, or remiflion of 
thoie penalties which God views 
infinitely right. 

How can God pardon the tranf- 
greflbrand receive him to favor, 
till he has fuffered the penalties of 
his law, and not be inconfiflent 
with himfelf ? 

If the finner fufTers the penal- 
tiesy when will they end ? While 
he is a finner, and continues to fin, 
the penalty of t'le law grows heav- 
ier and heavier upon him ; for his 
obligation to love God, and obey 
kis lawy can never in any (ituation 
ceale. At bc(l he is but a crea- 
turCy and if perfectly holy he can 
render nothing more to God than 
Km due ; he can do no work of 
iipererogation. If under the 
fndty of the law he can fuffcr 
Mlbio^ jnorc than the law ro» 

quiresy therefore all his fufFeiing» 
can make no atonement for psiA: 
fins, even though in future he com- 
mitted no fin. 

How amaiingly dreadful then is 
the Rate of a finner, who has bro- 
ken the holy law of God ! Where 
is the pofiibility of his being for- 
given ? God is unchangeable, hit 
government is pcrfeA and cannot 
be altered. Nothing prefents but 
abfolate and everlaliing defpair. 
God alone is able to fay if there is 
any pofEblc way, by which fin may 
be forgiven, confident with the in- 
' finite perfeAion and glory of his- 
character and law. 

Thisi O my fellow-finners, this 
€vay of forgivene/s God has re- 
vealed, in the gofpel of his Son. 
He can be jtdfi to his own charac- 
ter, law and government, and yet 
the juflifier of him who believes 
on his Son. And there is no oth- 
er name given under hearen among 
men, by which we can be favcd 
but by the name of Jefiis. 

The quedion may again be a/k- 
ed, How does it appear that fuch a 
way of forgivenefs and falvation is 
cfFcAcd and wrought out by Chrilt, 
that God can be jufl to his char- 
a^cr, law and government and \\t 
joftify and forgive the (inner, who 
believes on his Son ? 

In attending to this all-inpor- 
tant fubje^i we mufl obtain all our 
light from divine revelation — :iiid 
on this point it is abundantly expli- 
cit and full. All that can now be 
attempted is to arrange fome of the 
moll important and leading idc:is, 
and leave enlargement to tiic 

I. It appears from the facrcd 
writings that the divine law doc:: 
.admit of a fubilitute or public hLad. 
In this fituation Adam flood in re- 
gard to his pofierity. By divine 
conflitution they were all involved 
in hi& f;kU) (ft \kttX V^^Vwvi ^\^v^4\r 


:> ••.i( 

of the wcM Id. Thus the underc 
king CO redccin man from fin ar 
milcry on the part of the Medi; 
tor, was voluntary and of fic 

3. The ].Trfon who U".icrUA:! 
the \v«»ik ol rtJcnip'.ion v. .is :;v 
ciiin.«l Soil lit (tUil : NiiLU'iurc 
Ic: hiin b^' i\lt Li c\a!:cJ. luuI/. [)c 
cqujl 10 il;j :..l!v, ti-r ii.* co-lii »io 
no moic i!iin iiis di::y. In tiic 
hi'iv icti{>;u v"-. .)!! i!ic ;'7::i! •.::(.-« 
01' the God-head anJ cqii-iiiiy wi:h 
the I\iihcr are alcribcd 10 il.j 
Son, , 

4. When cvcTV nt'ctfTirv prcjM- , 
raiioD vtd^ made tur the Rciie-jiiicr ■ 
to enter uiiun hii woik, he took ' 
upon him the har.^an n;'.:;^:c, zr.d 
ua3r*j:>iiy inin as wtii as God. 
CroA nMnifcfi in tlie llcfh, tlie , 
briyLtricfs of ihc Fathui's glory 
and c:;prcl!; irA.v^'c of his pcrfon. 
He cotik n'>t u;*on hiiii the n.iiure ! 
ul' an;vl^* ^^'^ ^hat nature he caiue ■ 
I J rtJceMi. As the U\i\ Adam 
had biukcn the law of Ccd ar.d 
cnt..:ij 1 dc.ith L|i(in all his i1atur.1I ' 
iLtd uhcfi rv., r - ■ 

1802.3 Life of Rev. Jonathan EdiuarJij D, 2). 


though the way is open for the ex- 
crcife of mercy to all who arc uni- 
ted to Chrili by faith ; yet man be- 
ing dead in (in has no heart to be- 
lieYC and to love the holy charac- 
ter of God» and unlcfs fomcthing 
ilill more was done would never 
receive any faving benefit from the 

To remedy this evil and render 
things pertaining co falvation com- 
plete» in confcqucnce of the obe- 
dience and death of Chrt(^ the 
Holy Spirit is given to renew and 

'iiuiAify the Iieart, and apply the 

.benefits of redemption to the loul. 
The Mediator himfelf after ri- 

'^g from the dead afccndcd to 
Heaven there to appear in the pref- 
cnce of God for us ; to afk and 
receive all that is neccfTary to carry 
da the work of redemption ; to 
Jupport and finally bring his people 
to eternal life. 

How wonderful is this plan of 

l^iaving mercy, how harmonious in 
all its parts ! Mercy and truth 
meet together ; righteoufnefs and 
peace embrace each other. How 
aftonifhing is divine love ! How 
inach it has done ! Our obliga- 
tioni to love and obey God are un- 
Ipeakably increafcd, by the way 
provided, and freely offered to re- 
deem finners. How aggravatedly 
dreadful the fin, and how black 
the ingratitude to refufe fuch offers 
of love and grace ! If he that def- 
piicd Mofes's law died without 
mercyi of how much forer punifh- 
ment fhall he be thought worthy 
who treads under foot tlie blood 
tf the Son of God ? 


To THE Editors of the Con- 




SINCE the deceafe of the 
Jate Prefident Edwards, there have 
Vol. IL No. j9« %t 

been many enquiries why the pub« 
lie were not furnifhed with a par- 
ticular account of his life ? It is de- 
flrable that thefe enquiries Hiould 
be gratified. I have taken pains 
to collet the necefLry materials^ 
but my fuccefs has been retarded 
by a number of caufes, ariGng from 
the particular fituation of thofe by 
whom the fa<!ls, concerning his life, 
could be furnifhed, and, from fev- 
eral other unforcfeen,and,of courfc, 
unavoidable obftaclcs. I have been 
in pofTefEon of the materials but 
few days, and now, with pleafure 
communicate them to you. 

I am, Gendemen, S:c. 
February, 12 th, 1802. 

D. D. Prefident of Union 
College in Schcnedlady, was the 
fon of the late Reverend Jonathan 
Edwards formerly miniflcr of the 
church of Chrifl in Northampton, 
in the Commonwealth of MafTa- 
chufetts, and afterwards Prefident 
of the College at Princeton in Ncw- 
Jerfey, and Mrs. Sarah Edwards, 
daughter of Rev. Mr. Plcrpont o£ 
New-Haven. He was the (econd 
fon of his parents, and was born at 
Northampton, on the 26tli day of 
May O. S. 1745. However 
promifing his capacity may have 
appeared in early childhood, and 
however ambitious he may have 
been of excelling at that age when 
the mind begins to unfold itfclf ; 
this period of his life was attended 
with a number of iingularly embar- 
rafTing circumflanccs, the tendency 
of which was to reprefsliisexertion, 
and to difcourage his ambition. 
In early childiiood, he was afHic« 
ted with an imflamniatory weak- 
nefs in his eyes which almofl en- 
tirely prevented his learning to read 
until a much later period than is 
common for children in New-Eng- 
land. This weakaeb ccCULU.^ m^ 

Lifi^ ittv. yanalhan Edmmrdi, D. 


^^^Bvandlong continued applications; 
^^BntiJ by th« Rui-ifig of his head, 
^^Rtpnitcd often, uad for a long time, 
^^Tfce ialUininaiittD in fttne iejtxcj 
Bboted. ud lu um eniUed to ip- 
|Jy himrelf nmdenHcly lo Uif lu- 
dimcnu of leviiing, and to miTc 
in hii inxiou) parenia the hope (hit 
he would not b* eniirdy !o(l to the 
IkeriiTy world. Uuriog hi* child- 
hood alfot ihe unhappy cootefl rofe 
to in binghi, between his fUiiit, 
and the church and focrety of 
Konhjmpttin, noil terminated ui 
their fepvatiui), by the difniiffiun 
of Mi. EdwMdi. When Mr. 
Edwurdtp with his family, rcino- 
ved to Stockbridgc, this Ton, was 
It fix ycati old. In additian i» 
e infirmiry tn bis ejrcsi new and 
i|b[)onant difficulties attended hitn, 
luring his reridencein Stoekbridgc 
There wu no fchsol in tbo fcttlc- 
lient but one which wa* connnon 
\ the Indian chtldreo, and the 
c people — and iJiere were IS 
» of the latter, eiihei" in the 
, that he was 
il danger of forgetting entirely die 
^nglifh tongue. WlulOat fchooJ 
re, he learned the language of 
e Molielianeew, or StoclAridge 
IS fii perfcflly. thiitfae natives 
nily obferved " that he fpokc 
Ki'aiy like an Indiun." This 
Inguagc he retained, in a ^ood de- 
e, thciughHTc, and the public 
n puflcflion of feme intercl^ing 
3^rksujionit, which he publtlD- 
a number of years [ince. 
A« hi) fsthcr intended him fo* 
nifiii^nxry anion£.ilie Aboi-igineif 
k lent hiin, In Oflobcr 1 7 Jr.wheo 
K u as but ten years of age, with 
ble Kev. Gideon Hawley, (now 
VM.illipcconCape Cod)toOugh. 
Sufijucbannah Riv- 
■ language of tlie O- 
Ou){)ii|uiiu£a wUf 
■t the diAance uf abnut one 


from any EngltOi fctilemrn' A' 
thit place he cofiiiaucd '..,' •■.; 
months by rc^on of ihcui- >,li .,. 
Uoke out bctWccQ Enjilacd tat 
France, and extended itfelf ■ 
(heir colonies. Whilll kc wal « 
!he Oneida Indiani daring itt 
ihort time, he made rapid progrf 
in acouiiing tlieir language, aMlj 
engagmg their ailerons. TM 
were fo much plealcd with hii S 
lainmcnt^i, and bis ainbUedi&dfi 
tion, that, when they thOoghtuM 
rdtilemenc cxfofed w u. 
ihc French, ihty look 
their fFiouldcrs, and nrticd 
many miles ihrowgh the wil 
to a place which tlkcy 
cute. After this he never reas> 
ed to them any marc. 

In the nxiBth oF February 17^1 
when he hid almotl camplcttdr' 
rifteentlr ytar, he cuamcBced ' 
fludy of the Latin taofua^, 
grammu fcbool in IVincrtoOfl 
New.Jerfey ; and 
member of the College in the 
town, in September of the 
rollowing; and in September f 
he rttci»cd the Angree of B« 
or of Arts. In the year I7( 
and whillf be wu at Colk|(k 
a time of geoeral awak(mn| k 
Princeton, he obtained a hope ^ 
his rcconcltbTtoo to God iluoi^ 
Chrirt. This wuduring die n<- 
ndency, and under the intofcKic 
eaching of the late Dotiar Fb- 

The folhwt 
himfeir to thc^ fervice 
which was loade by hi 
time, was found aiacn^ 
aficT hi) deceafe. 

NaiIau.HalI, Sept f?. i^t 


Ufi ^IU9. ymaAm BimmAt H. T). 


-opoled to dnwnear to the 
table* after much thought 
confidenuion» ai well at 
) Almighty God, for his 
;»rerolved in the ^race of 
enter mto aa exprefs a6t 
ledication to the fervice 
; as being a thing-highly 
Je in its own na- 
d that might be of em- 
vice to keep me (leady in 
iftian cour{e» to roufe me 
loth and indolence* and 
nein the day of tempu- 

laland ever-blefled God ! 
with the deepeft humilia- 
1 ftbafement -of foul, to 
I the name and for die 
JefusChrifly andprefent 
tefore thee» fcn&blc of 
lite unworthinefs to-ap- 
Fore thee, efpecially on 
occafion as this, to enter 
svenant with thee. But 
Undii^ my fins have 
ch a reparation between 
I my foul, I befeech thee, 
ChriAthy Son, to- vouch- 
pretence with me and ac- 
\ of the bed ^facitfce 
can make." 

19 O 'Lord, in 'hopes of 
iog grace, folemnly make 
e and perpetual furrender 
lat I-am and have unto 
ing determined in thy 
to renounce all former 
«B(ho have had dominion 
, every luft of the eye, of 
and of the mind, and to 
rely devoted to thee and 
Ice. To thee do I confe- 
ic powers of my mind, 
atever improvements thou 
;ady or fhalt be pleafed 
r to grant me in the lite- 
y ; purpofing if it be thy. 
safure to purfue my fludies 
Qy, that I may be better 
i to 9ft in any fphere of ' 

liic m which thou (halt place mtc 
I do tXh folemnly dedicate ail 
my pofleiEons,-my tin^t my iV 
fluence over others, to be all ulod 
for tlw glory. To thy dire^oft 
I reugn myfelf and all that •! 
have, trufting all future contin* 
gendes . ta thy • hands, and may 
thy will in all things and not 
mine be done. 'Ufeme, OLordy 
as an inftniment of thy fervice- ! 
I befeech thee, number me amon^ 
thy people ! May I be clothed 
with the righteoufaefs of thy Soii^ 
ever impart to roe through hint 
all neednil fupplies of thy purify- 
ing and cheering * (pirit ! I be^ 
feech thee, O Lord, that thoi^ 
would ft enable me to live accor- 
ding to this my vow, conAantly- 
avoiding all fin ; and when I ihaU 
come to die, in that folemn and 
awful hour, may I remember this 
my covenant, and do thou, O 
Xord, remember it ^, and give 
my deptrtiAg fpirit an abundant 
admittance into the realms of 
blifrl And if when I am laid in 
the dud, any furviving friend 
<».ihomld meet with this memorial* 
may it be a means of good to himy 
and do thou admit him to partake 
of the bleffings of thy covenapt 
of grace, through Jehis the great 
Mediator, to whom with thect 
O Father, and thy Holy Spirits- 
be everlafting praifes afcribed, by 
Saints and Angels ! Amen." 
Jonathan Ebwaro^. 

:In 1767, he .was appointed a 
tutor in the fame College and con* 
tinucd in tliis office two years. 

Sometime before he had entered 
upon the (ludy of Divinity, the 
favorite ftudy of his life, under the 
inftruAion of the late Rev. Jofepli 
Bellamy, D. D. of Betlilem in 
Connc^icut ; and in 1766, OAo- 
ber 21 (I, had been licenced to 
preach Uie Gof^l, b^j xVa K^Sa^- 


Li/f ff Krv. yetiathM EJtfarJl, O. O. 


Klioa of the County of I.itctifitld. 
'I he eleven montlis beiweso tlie 
lime when he wji licenfed to 
prc><:h, and ttie linie uhcn he 
WM recalled lo Ptiatctoii by 
his appointment, the uTitcr be- 
hevei he fpcnt at a cmJiJate for 
the niintdry ; but where he wu 
during this jKriod lui not iKen af- 


Uunog hit r. 
»on, he was inniril lo preach lo 
the fociclv of Whitc-Hareo. in 
tlictownof New-Hdven, in Con- 
ne^icut. On the 5th day of Jan- 
uary t7fiy,hevi'a sordained to the 
pallotal ch^gc or ili^t Church 
and Society, and continued there 
until the menth of May 1 79$ ; 
when he uai difmilTed by an Ec- 
cleliadical Council, at ihe viutual 
rci|ucfiof the Paliar and Society, 
l'"iir ftTetal years previVius to hil 
.iifmilTion.aD uneafmefs had fubfii}- 

people, until June 1 799. In thii 
town he intended to hate fpcat tbe 
remainder of hit days, bad it bcct 
the pleafurt of his DiTtnc Mafia. 
A change of audicDce eoahled lu 
to iclix from the dniy of ■ vceU) 
preparation for the fabbuh, ni 
furnifhed him with more time tt 
purfje hi* faTOurite Itudy of tl>»> 
logy, in a left coofined nuoMt. 
I'o this the retired rituiiiaa c^ 
Colcbtook greatly coauftocd. 
Nor was ihis favorable OffOnh 
nity, of purfuing his Aiidiei Mc- 
leAed. Bui his coDtintBoce ■ 
(his dcfirabic retreat wu not trf 
long duration. In the fumsxrrf 
1799, he was elefled PreJidtM<f 
a College in the town of S^ 
neflady and the (late of No- 
York, which had recently im> 
inltiiuud and endowed. Tht» 
leftioR was immediately 
cated to him, with 

1 8o2.3 Life cf Rev, Jonathan EiwarJU^ D, D, 


and» at intervals^ of his reafon. 
Thus he continued regularly to de- 
cline until die i ft of Auguft 1 80 1 , 
when he expired. By the effedls 
of his diforder, he was unavoida- 
bly prevented from expreffing his 
views and feelings on the approach 
of eternity for the five lad days of 
his life. In the early ftages of 
his illnefs however, he exprefled 
his entire, and willing refignation 
to the pleafure of God ; and is 
genet we hope, and confidently 
truft» to receive the reward of his 
fidth and perfeverance, at the hand 
of his beloved Lord and Mafter. 

The year after Mr. Edwaids 
was ordained to the charge of 
White Haven fociety in New- 
Haven, he married Mifs Mary 
Porter, daughter of the honora- 
ble Elcazer and Mrs. Sarah Por- 
ter of Hadley, in Maflachufetts. 
By her he had four children, three 
Of whomfurvive him. This ex- 
cellent lady was drowned in the 
month of June A. D. 1 782. The 
circumftances of this unhappy event 
were thefc : Doctor Edwards and 
his wife were taking an airing in 
their chaife, in the north eallern 
part of New- Haven, and at fomc 
diftance from home, the DoAor 
was called away to attend to feme 
neceffary bufinefs. As Mrs. Ed- 
wards was returning, die fuifered 
the horfe to drink at a watering 
place, in a fmall river, with the 
depth of which (he was wlioily un- 
acquainted. The horfe fuddcniy 
Jilunged and fell, and tlircw her 
irom the chaife into the river, 
where (he was drowned. 

After the death of Mrs. Ed- 
wards he married Mtfs Mercy Sa- 
l»n« daughter of Mr. Hezckiah 
and Mrs. Mary Sabin, of New- 
Haven ; (he is ftill living. The 
lurviving children of Preiident Ed- 
wards, are one Ton, and two daugh- 

In reviewing the life of Prefi- 
dent Edwards, we are prefented 
with many particulars which fur- 
ni(h a ftriking refemblance to the 
life of his father. A few of them 
deferve to be mentioned. The7 
had the fame name, were liberall7 
educated ; were diftinguifhed fchol- 
ars ; were tutors in the femina- 
ries in which they were educated ; 
were preachers ; were fettled in 
congregations, in which their ma- 
ternal grandfathers were alfo fet- 
tled before them ; were difmi(red 
on account of their religious opini- 
ons ; were fettled again in retired 
fituations ; were elefled to the 
Prefidency of a College, and with- 
in a (hort time after they were in- 
augurated, died the one in the 56th 
and the other in the 57th year of 
his age. To this may be added> 
that in perfon, mind, and life> they 
were remarably alike. 

DoAor Edwards when a child 
was (ingularly dutiful and confcien- 
tious ; a fpirit which manifefted it- 
felf through his life 

About the time that he (lift dcd- 
icaxed himfelf lothe fervice of God, 
when he was liitle more than eight- 
een years of ane, he began a diary 
of his religious life. This he con- 
tinued a few months, and then ve- 
I ry abruptly rclinquinicd it — for 
what reafun is not known. It is 
probable that it was a reafon which 
he had deliberately weighed, as he 
nevcrrcfunud it afierwards. From 
this diaiy he r.ppcars early to have 
determined conflantly to ilrive a- 
gainft (in and temptation, and to 
live in a manner becoming his holy 
profdfion, and to devote himfelf 
wholly to thefcrviccof God. The 
blefling v.'ith which God accompa- 
nied thtfe pious exertion?, was vif- 
iblc throughout the remainder of 
his life. 

By nature Do^or Edwards v;2s 
of an avdcui, \T\vv«fe\<i ^^^^^vCvs^i 


ZJfti^ Rro.ytMlhanEi%MrJtt D. J3. [Ann; 

«)F which he appears to have been 
culy coofeious. Whilft he was 
-quite yoang, he formed a refolu- 
tiOD, uniformly. And with an una- 
'lutiiig watchfuhief), to withfland 
ihia propenfity, until it Ihould 
' befubdued. Tlilshr entered up- 
on, as upon an importarit bufioef; 
for life — ai an aichievment which 
tnuft be accomplilhed, however dif- 
ficult, and arduous the tafk might 
prove. And fuch a bleffing attcn- 
tled his diligent, and indefatigable 
Tigilance as enabled him lo pof- 
■fefs u) unufwl command over hi* 
pafEons, and to pafs through a life, 
attcndedbyinanytrying circum (dan- 
ces, with the reputation of uncsm- 
itioB equaniroity. Like St. Paul, 
"he knew what it was to be abafed, 
and ^fo what it wu to abound." 
But in profperity and adverliiy he 
appeared tlie fame. His fortitude 
nailer triaJS) was great ; a fortitude 
foooded in a cooftant reliance in 

mightbeexpefled fromrncha mind, 
his writings were clolcly conGned 
10 his fubjeift ; always prefeoti;^ 
fomediing new, original, and io- 
Ilruiflive. Heivasa fan, wortif 
of his parenti. — As a brother te 
merited, and poflclteJ, the lelped^ 
elleem, aud afTefHoa, of all Ui 
brothers and fiftets. 

As a hufband and pamti he 
was kind, faithful and aiIedioiui£i 
Being bletTed with good health, be 
generally rofe early, and inutied^ 
ately began his regular diunul n> 
tine of duty and buJincrs, wtucbl* 
obferved through life with gres 
uniformity ; and froni which ke' 
was not eifily diverted. He con* 
fidered his immediate duly to bii 
Creator as requiring his firfl obedr 
ence and attention ; and thai lit 
relative and fociat duties of 'St, 
were not to be negtefled in their 
turn. His exercife, Audies, inil 
all his other coacemstfo far as «M 
fiftent with hi* parocbnf dr 


JtimonUiont from th§ Death-BcJ^ 


during his reCdence at Colcbrook. 

3d. Obfenrations on the Lan- 
guage of the Stockbridge Indians. 

4th. Three fermoos on the A- 
CDnement of Chrift. 

5th. A Tariety of occafional 
fermonsy feparatdy publi/hed. 

He alfb edited* from the nuuau- 
Icripts of his father, feveral vo- 
lumes* particularly the hiftory of 
the Work of Redemption. Two 
volumes of lermoas $ and two vo- 
lamci of ** Obfervations on Im- 

S riant Theological Subje^s." 
e has left manufcripts with 
which it is hoped the world will 
be favored in due time. 

Such was this great and good 
■man 9 both in life and death. In 
the language of Shakelpeare, we 

ouy with propriety fay, 

■ T ake him for all in all. 
We (foure) fliaU l^t^ upon hit like 

jUmmuimsfrom the Death-Bed. 

Contused from p. 308. 


Mcss'rs Editoks» 

I SEND you an account of 
an Infidelf brought under convic- 
ciottf and as I hope favingly con- 
verted on his dying bed, lately 
coramunicated to me by a friend, 
which yon will pleafe to publiih as 
nother number of Admonitions 
fiom the Death-Bed. 
Yours, flfc. 


FUNDAMENTAL errors in 
religion* embraced, and fol- 
lowed in their confequences, will 
end in Atheifm, as an infant if it 
Uveiy will Brow up to manhood. 
Whether ManafTch be called an 
Amiinianf an Univerfalid, a Deift 
or an Athetft, is not material. He 
faad( at different times, fallen in 
whb thefe fentiments. He tho't 

fcnKtimf^ that an hoacft lifc| in 

dealing with men, would five him. 
At other times, he thought all 
would be fiived. At times he pro* 
feffed to believe that death put an 
end to man's exiftence ; and that 
there was neither happinefs nor 
milery after this life. To a neigh- 
bor, a day or two before he was 
taken unwell, he faid, ** I do not 
know whether there is a God or 
not, and if there be, I know no- 
thing about him." An exprcfEon 
like this, he ufed, when converg- 
ing uppn divine revelation, with 
the fame perfon. In this man, the 
bad influence, which pernicious 
opinions have on pradice, was ve- 
ry apparent. He tried to difbe- 
lieve every thing divine and facred; 
he, therefore, not only lived in the 
total ne^e^ of ChrifHan duties ; 
but religion itfelf was a fubjeA of 
his ridicule, and higbeft contempt ; 
as were the minifters of the gofpel, 
and the profefibrs of religion. He 
was a man of a fprightly mind, and 
a^ive body ; and one who, in his 
common intercourfe with mankind 
treated them kindly. 

He had formerly labored under 
a particular bodiiy infirmity, but by 
very careful attention had regain- 
ed his health. On Wednefday 
evening the 4th of November lafl, 
after laboring hard through the 
day, his old complaint reiuroed 
with alarming fymptoms. Medi- 
cal aid was called in but to no ef- 
feA. His pain was exquifite and 
continued to incrcafe until Satur- 
day, when a council of phyficians' 
was called. They told him that 
if he would fubmit to a painful and 
dangerous operation there was 
fome probability he might recover. 
The operation was performed tko' 
not with the wifhed for fuccefs ; 
and on Monday following the fur- 
geon told him fiankly, ''The dif- 
ficulties you labor under exceed 

the Ikiil o{ TX»a> «b!^ ^^ y^^^^ 



fiom At Zkail-Btd. 


vi mcJiune to rcmoK ; ^u m^ 
,l<i. 'I'hii w*» MLintiay evening 

Niivembuf 9Ui, 1801, 

ThR.L;jih M ihu didrcf), and 
alihou^Ii lilt jtiofj^til of recovery 
W41 gmwinjj l<Js ar.d Icfs, jjccMa- 
r.ifTJi's mmJ ujj as lluj^d M it 
wji \thcn lie wai in htjltli. He 
luJ 1:lj[) ptajtd wivh :iDd coo- 
^.^!l-J ui:h Cut as is faid of 
Jl.qJi. Iir »..n//i^ ejltp Bui a- 
buu! ni^>Jn]ght Iji. .iwi'kk: nut of hlS 
fu.ntjj Ik-Lp ; a:id be^.in to think 
fcnuun), and Lo Lilk uj^on ferious 
fubjtias. He now itdtftedupon 
hir.ifctl', far living fu wickedly, 
ittmng religion wiih fo much neg- 
IliTI and >:unttnipt, &c. And before 
tlit:d*w» uf the morning, his con- 
f^K'nwc w« h^rruwt'd up with dif- 
trcrs ;inJ lionur, indcfcci'jiibk, — 
Hi- w..u!Jf.i>, ■• il,rdillrer(ofmy 
budy >^ exircinJy ;:r^di. but it is 
ii'uliijijio iht hjrtur in.l diftrcfs 

thit 1 had lired a Itfe of 
thii bed on which I lie vould k 
foft at down, but now it feeiDsIike 
rolling in bumtog embers. Muy 
dmes I hare fpokca lightly of job* 
and all prafelTors of religion : ud 

[wnicuUrly Mr. , (callingdK 

niinifter of the pbcc by Dame) Int 
now I am convinced that rcIijiM 
is a foleinn reality. I have a- 
d favored to lire a jovial, ftoook 
iifr, but not a religioui life." 

He deHred I might be fe^fti. 
Oaeobfcrveditobiiti, "Ihaveflfel 
li;ard you fpeak very li^ht of «r 
tninilkr, why then do you vi&W 
fee him ?" He replied, " It k 
true, but I have been conviacti 
this night, that he is right, uiX 
im wrong ; and the do&in 
which he has preached are it 
truth. Oh huw I lament tbatl 
have ridiculed him, andallpntf' 
fots of religion I I have ritSaiU 


AdiHonltions from the Death^Sid* 


milerablc creature ; have lived a 
fhipid liic» ID contempt of all in- 
ilruCtion, and in neglect of all reli- 
i;ion ; and know I ihall die foon, 
I allc your' forglvencfs for ail my 
all condudl tawards you, in which 
I hare treated you fo bafely." 

He then ol;fer\ed to me, " I 
hare tried t^t an univerfalifl." 
He was aiked wlietiier he felt fo 
well fatisfied wiih the fentiment* 
that he was willing to rifquc it. 
He (aidy " I rather wiflicd it was 
true, than believed it to be true ; 
my mind, therefore, did not feel 
eaJy, — I was not fatisFicd." 

It was nov/ about tli;: rsfing of 
the fun, on Tuefday morning. 
The cafe of the fick man being 
Ibmcwhat lingular, and there hav- 
iog been fuch a furprifing change 
in his mindy the neighbors foon 
tolle^led in fuch numbers, that the 
houle Nvas almoft filled with peo- 
ple, old and young, the greater part 
oftlieday. ManafTch had yet a 
good degree of ftrength of body ; 
Iiis undei Handing was clear, and 
his ideas dillizidl : He now fpent 
all the time in converfing, except 
when paroxifms of pain were fo 
Icrerc, that he could not {peak. — 
Of the convcrfation which took 
place between him and others, a 
finall part only will be noticed. 
His obfervations which are here 
mentioned, are not arranged, per- 
haps, in the fame order of time 
in which they were made ; nor are 
hit particular modes of exprclTion 
always ufcd ; but \ht fentimcnts 
and the idca^ are meaut to be cor- 
redly exprefied. 

A number of perfons (landing 
ronnd his bed, on a certain time, 
he lays ; "You fee me lie here, 
a poor, miferable (inner, jufl about 
to die, and I have lived a wicked 
life all my days. By me take 
Wtrning. Such a diftreffed fitua- 
lion at I lie in, is a poor time to 
Vol. 1L No* /a A 

prepare for death. Do not neg- 
ledl religion as I have done. You 
muft die. Now, while in health, 
is the time for you to prepare for 
death. Oh do not neglea !" 

To one of his former gay com- 
panions- he, obfcrved to this efrc(fl : 
" You have a gay, light mind, you 
keep company with fuch people ; 
but, my friend, this will not do. 
Look on me. I am dying. OIi 
attend to religion. Remember, 
when I am dead, what 3'ou now 
f^e and hear, and tell my friends, 
that it may be a warning to them.*' 

He obferved to one, ** I have 
lived in the ne^IctJl of all religion, 
and I now view myfelf a dying 
man ; and Oh, what an awful 
condition I am in ! I now* view 
myfelf a finner, and fear I fhall 
be miferable forever. But I hope 
I fhall find mercy in the fight of 
God. I have dcfpifed religion, 
and labored to perfuade myfelf, 
that the dodlrine of the univcrfal- 
ifts was true, but yet doubted it. 
My wife* has endeavored to con- 
vince me, there was fonaethin" in 
religion, but I did not believe her. 
And now what a fhocking (itua- 
tion this is to prepare for death. 
Oh that all would attend to this 
bulintfs, while in health, and not 
put it off as r have done." 

At another time he faid, ** I 
have been a wicked man ; have 
finned riaainft heaven ; have run 
away J^om Gcd ; my wicked life 
flies in my face ; I have often re- 
filled convi<5tion, by running into 
bad company." 

One of his neighbors remark- 
ing upon his diicrefTed fituztion, 
he replied ; " Yes, my fituation 
is diflr^mg ; but I do not think 
myfelf dealt by unjafUy, altho' I 
am thus diflreflod, an^ my neigh- 
bors are not ; for I delerve it more 


AJmomlhiu from the Diaih-BtJ. 


ihin any of iHccd, as I am the 
woKl of all." 

A friend ginrg him drink which 
wat pleafant and nourilhing he fays, 
"All thai keeps (Qe alive ii that 
you gave me, and nouriHimeot I 
receive from jefus Chtifi." 

A neighbor, who had been ab- 
fcnt a day or two, returned home 
OD Tuefdjy, late io the afternoon, 
and iinmed lately went in to fee 
Manafieh, who toolt him by the 
haod and faid, " The X.ord has 
wrought a great work on my foul ; 
I am willing to die, I believe Jefiu 
loves me, — I think I love hmi." 

To obtain fomc cafe in hit rcR- 
Jefe fituatiofi, if it might be, he 
defired the tenders to carry him 
about the room in a blanket ; and 
whrle they were performing this of- 
fice of kindncfc, he laid repeated- 
ly, << Soon I Ihall be in ibe arms 
of Jcfus." 

On Tuefday night, a few bi 

my concerns vfiib thee ; grant that 
I may be patient and fubmiSre. 
May I not be deceived io my kit 
moments, but be reconciled lotbee 
through Jefus Chrift. I conuu 
myfcjf into thy hands to be di^ 
fed of for time and eternity as iho 
feeil bell. May I have an i^ 
paJTage out of time into eienu^r 
and find mercy with the, thto* ^ 
fusChrlft. Amen." 

A few minutes before he tnstb- 
cd out his life, fenfibtehe WMtka 
going, he fays to the fayftindn, 
" Let this be a warning m yonB, 
and take heed that you never &r- 
get it." 

Sundry queUions, which VCR 
propofed to htm with his anfwoii 
will now be mentioned ; ihov^ 
not perhaps in the order in wfco 
they were propofed, iii iliii i iintfT 
be afcertained with [uvcilion. M*! 
Dy of the queAiont came 
abruptly, arifing from fcane petti- 


Admomtiwt from At Death'Bed. 


are io the hands of God, to be dif- 
pofcd of forever, as he pleafes. 

Q^ Are you willing to be in the 

hands of God 9 and difpofed of 

by bimy in time and eternity ? 

A. I hope I am — I think I am. 

Q^ Then you feci reconciled to 

God» do you not ? 

A. Yes, I think I do ; I am 
willing to die, if it be his will. 

Q^ Do you think God can liarc 
mercy on you I 

A. God can be glorified in hav- 
iog mercy on whom he will have 

Q^ You have been oppofed to 
the dodrioes preached by our min- 
liters ; but do you now believe 
them i 

A. Yesy I do. 

Q-^ Then you believe that these 
Jt iometMnf in religion, do you 

A. Yes« / hiow there is ; and 
people need not wait to fee me lie 
10 my prefent fituation to be con- 
Tinced of it ; there is fufficient ev- 
idence in the bible. 

Q^ How do you now feel ? 
A. I am entirely eafy in body 
ifld mind. 

Q^ But do you not feci yourfelf 
a finner ? 

A. Yes. And if God does 
kave mercy on me, he will have ! 
mercy on the grcatefl (inner on | 
whom he ever had mercy. 

Q^ Would God be juft if he 
ihouldfcnd you to hell ? 
0. A. Yes. And if God cannot 
be glorified other wife, let me go. 
Q^ Why do you wifh to live any 
" longer in this world \ 

A. That I may live to the hon- 
or and glory of God. 

Q. If you fliould live longer, 
do you think you (hoiild live to the 
lionor and ^oiy of God ? 
^ A. I believe I ilionld, God cn- 
'- aUing me. 

. The fureg'^ing narrative exhibits ! 

fome very remarkable circumdan- 
ces. That a man, who had lived 
fuch a life as ManalTch had, fhould, 
jufl at the clofe of it, have his 
mouth opened, to fpeak for God 
and his caufe, as he did ; that he 
(houlJ acknowledge, and converfe 
upon the fundamental doiHrines of 
Chriflianity, which he never had 
attended to, with fo much dear- 
nefs and propriety, is remarkable. 
He appeared to have as jufl ideas of 
human depravity, divine fovercign- 
ty, (pccial grace, man's abfolute 
de])endance, &c. &c. as if he had 
been a fludent in Chrilh'an thcol. 
ogy. When he fpakc of depravi- 
ty, or of depcndancc on God, and 
the like, he appeared to fpcak what 
he feh^ and not what he had 
Uarnt. It brought to mind this 
declaration of Jehovkh. Unto 
me every knee (ball bo*u)j and every 
tongue cfmfejs. Whether his heart 
bowed or not, we leave ; but his 
knee bowed and his tongue confcf- 
fed. It is remarkable that fo ma- 
ny people, old and young, fhould 
call to fee him on that day, when 
he was pleading the canfc of God 
and religion. God defigned they 
fhould hear the folemn mcfTi;;?, al- 
mod like to one fcnt from the 
dead ; that if they would not r*/- 
gard, they might be Jef: wiiV.o'.:t 

It was a (ingular cafe, ihntoHC, 
after pafling thro' fo much di'lrefs 
of body and mind, fliouIJ, r.ot- 
withstanding, have the full cxcr- 
cife of hisunderdandingf ;iik1 \\y\x. 
his mental powers fhould be clcrir 
and firm. Hence he was able to 
aHdrefs pcrfons of diffcrtni cliai- 
a^ers, with a very great dti;rce oi 
pi opi iety. 

When fome of his forrrc-r gay 
companions came into the roon* 
where he lav, l.c Wf>u!d liJlic 
them to come to his bed fiilc. It 
was affcwiing, it v^-ai cv\^\ir^ ^^ 

A FrMgmtm. 


leh ihe harilcA beirt prtfcoi, to 
irhimaddreli them in the moft 
cmn manner, cliirging them to 
tnd to religion, ind not Wget 
J- ihcy then fjw and hc«rd. 
,t f.MLUo hid fpcDlhouiSof iniri 
.: vjnity with bim, now l!w>d, 
i; ucrcarraignedat the bir be- 
't him, weeping and [rcmblirgi 
llikt little children under the rod. 
BXhiny people otmorc inihc [ootn, 

ind not a dry ere %mong them all- 

Hcre is a -u-onderful inftance of 

iBlniighty power, upetiiting on the 

niad of m^n. Thoii: who, white 

n heallh, were negleaed, defpifed 

Ltid ridiculed by hi 

he ptrfons be wifticd to be hij 

■ companions ; and in whofe compa- 
I ny and converfjtiun be tuoli the 

■ neflplc^fctt-. 

M.iy not only we who faw and 
I heard, but ihofc jHo who 
inittuftiun k icptot.f. Far he 
'iiin^ tfttn riproved, hardtailh 

but DOW it feemi like rolling in Uir* 

ninj embers !" bro't to riiy auwl 

Uie tollowing line* : — 

" JdiuoD inik adfini; bed, 

" F«l ioit »■ downy p.llowi are ; 

" While ou hii btciil 1 Inn mj hod. 

■■ And btcaihe mj f»ul *■■! fw«tif 

Amanda and Lyfander. A /VqS 

IN commendation of a dejoned 
friend, Amanda faid to Ly- 
ikodct. " H« wi« pleafed in ftt- 
ingapetfon bippj." "SosmJ," 
nfwcicd Lyfandcr, " if hn hsp- 
pioefs bi rational." '• He WM 
pieafed in f«ing ecrry body fatp- 
py," rejoined Ama^d>- "Sv 
ara I," replied^, " p» 
Tided their happincfi be detiitd 
from the love and prafliee of re- 
ligion. But to fay ibst ! IM 


A Fragment, 


nuift concede that this is a fcrip- 
ture rcprefentation of the (late 
and ch.irai5ler ot' tlie (inner, nnJ 
that hi5coiKiitionisH:in:!erouii and 
alarmincr. When I kc a pcri'on 
deftiturc ofall fci ioufiiif Is and love 
to rclij^ion, how can I wilh to fee 
lilm iiapny in his prcfcnt (IntJ of 
unbciiet ? His condition is cer- 
tiinly alarn^V'-^* (xncc he is oppo- 
ied CO a holy God, and lii^s fin- 
ful heart will rcnd:.T him mlfcra- 
blc. He ou;!ht ilsrn to Ivj con- 

' prchenfions of dmne wratii and 

* wounding rcflctflions, before he is 

* rellored to tlic favor and image 

* of God. Tills is the natural 

* confcqucnce of urv-Jundlcf* difaf- 
' fedlion and unrcilDnablc oppoH- 

* tion when the offender comes to 

* him ft: If. 

** Is it nor commendnblc," fays 
Am:;nd3, " to v.fe our endeavors 

* to render oil rft'l low cre^tureshap- 

* py while in the world ?*' 
•* Ccrialnly,".inrvcrsl.\fander, 

ccrned <ind anxious for himfc'f. j *not only commt:nd.ible but p.n im- 

And(hail I rejoice to tc liir.i un- I * portant du:y. 'J'o m.ike them 

concerned and h.ippy in the midtt i ' happy, hov.fcvcr, 1 (liould rot re- 

of danj;cr ? It would ht^mic a • * commend thoi^qhilefspcfs, impen- 

malevolent heart. No i 1 v/ill | * iccnce and vice — I (hould not 

nok, I cannot, rejoice in feting i * urge ihem to freoutnt pl.ices of 

(inncrs at eafe in Zion. I with 

that they might fee tliemKlvcs to 

be 'wretched^ iinJ mifnuiLle, ami 

foor^ and II: nr/, an J fiaked in 

their llate of :>;onfrf»ni God. 

(t is in fin itch' more ddirable to 

behold them mov*rninj> over their 

fins than h:tppy in committino 

them. For the \v\vi riches will 

' diilipation and iinfid plcafure. 

* No ! Amandi, this is not the 

* path that conduvih to happinefs. 
' If you have foiiglr it in this way, 

* I prcfiimc you havi failed of your 

* objvOh A dcp^re? of cr-joyment 
' m:iy, fur a Mm:, be derived from 

* Micfo thin^^s ; but then it leaves 

* the mind unliiti'Jicd, fjrniflics 

be given to ihchuniMerinnir, ;md * new iiiittcr of chu;^e for an ac- 
his happinefs be pcrt'i»*l intlu iIt- ' * nifm'^ roi-.Tvirnrc, nn.l nnliis the 


Tice and enjnvt'.u'nt of Ms'.r. 
" What then," Iiys Amaisd.t, 

• you wifii yoiir fclio.v crs;....ii^r, 

•*No!" icj'lirs Lyfcinl'T, "I 

• only wi^i them to f^- 1 \.W t*v'-h 
. * and ha\e a ftnfr: of i.r.:ii- I' 

• ftate, that th.':y ir»:'.y fly lo \\vi 
' Saviour And be h-iM>vr(ir(.vcr. If 

• a man feci and happy 

• all his life, in a (Kuc of imptr.i- 

• tcnce, he will never ft:ck cnj-^y- 

• mentin holinciowl.cieonly it 
■ be found ; but will die in his Hns 
' and be mifciablc. If a pot ion 
' has difiointed or broken a bone, 
^ he miifb rxp<.tfl thai riwil^iiri]; it, 
' in order for a cure, mull occali(m 
' him temporary pain. Man, be- 
' ing alienated from It is Maker, 
' ^Kift gcaeraliy has diitrclitrg ap- 

* \r.\^\ fur rj-inv.irc ^-nd ftrlit^ie csi- 

* invnicn'<::>f iii;;Mc.n. A t;-. )v.;»lit- 

* iLis, inr». ni-tiir, |>Ic;dir.u'.Ic and 

* \ic:ou6 htc M-ciur^s a ^.rfDnfor 

* an unIi.>;»pY dc.irh, :-nd .i mifcr.i- 

* bic rtcnu-y. r.-sli >.jt y i: m.iy 

* tiiink i!'...r .jo is ..l:;i -i -.d to 

* .1 Iitf of i.iiMcnifjr'.'L' .ir.^i :!..'.:: vain 

* mlish 'AwA vi)'.!'l.;ul f:!: .•.* arc 

* h.trii)h Is. r>iiiii»»\\i:vcT i:jnocent 

* you ma/ look upon im:.--'i.iience, 

* it is an im;.'!lci: j .l!.:ij.itlj:i of all 

* p.i'.i orf'nccs, and i declirjiiion 

* ot (ij |-urirl.)n to (]uJ and rcjcc- 

* tii*n (if iIk- Kciittmer. And as 

* for frnfi.! I'.iv.i'ijr.s, \vl ivli you 

* rank yp'lvr ih-j r..i!v. : i^: ir.r. ..jnt 

* amuiciiier.i;, \r.n nusit kivr./ ;«? 

* well a:* I, tiMitlicyarc i*.r.b^.:om- 

* in;» caiididat'.-j f*/r i»c:nitv v/l-.'-'fc 

*U impenant. Tlicy «itiin]f 

* tin&t tbc mind fvr tlw dutiet nl rp- 
■ li|im »B'i ibe folcmtiitjf »«t' dca^li 

* ud JuilgtntnL 1 uiir<ui iIktd- 
' (mt rccommcDd ihtfc puifuit) to 
' injt fellow noruJ* u the way td 
'.luppioefi ; nctihtr can I KJoUc 
' in obfn*in£ them conccnuil and 

* luppjr in Uiis wmtt. PcJCC of 

* mind in this world and (ilory in 

* the nf XI, arc iht UeiTtd ^uit» of 
' a ttconcilitiion with Cod and a 
' eoutfc of lliifl *irliie, IcriouJncri 

* acd rclij^ian. When 1 fee a pcr- 
' foQ chctrful and happy in ihia 

* coarfe and with tbefe ffcipt&t, I 

* can icjoice with him ; Cm 1 am 

* pcrfuvded ihu his ftate i$ fafci 

* thai hit hopci are rational, and 

* bis proljKfiitrulj animating and 

* ^orinui. But wJicn I behold a 

* pcHbo chctrFiil and hap;iy in the 
' midil of carsairecurily and linfui 

* plufureti it rather cxoiccB piry in 

* ny beatt than joy i I know bis 

Cir^, thmmUr I 

tit jifi^.uj Sitiay, 


Jou Aom Cod ovr FaUttri . 
efiw 4Mr SariouTi and n 
who truly uU tipoti tbe ■ 
th« Lord. 

At ou K<neral AnPual S 
held tkt ntfa of the Cakad*! 

July, nrcTtad with dccpcft i 
tioos of hcait your roolr wdc 
letter of May z6ib- CtotrbcB 
God who b mtglitiiy IbenfthcMd 
and cxiulciaied i>ur hciina with tfcc 
confidence jires of poor lore m4 
iBicrcelEon fat us, and by that 
Ueflcd union of Spirit, In wUth 
wc a-c truly one with joo. The 
Get man Society of Bafil biih al- 
fu cDinmunicaied to us your my 
■Dimating cpitHc Ici them, wind 
hsih (limulaicil thrm to pcHUt) k 
the {•■ace of Jcfut, m tlM « 
haj^ly ioA piorperoaT 
In your latere, fo iuUqj 


Religi^^f tiiiMgene9m 


with frdh courage and inclination 
fbr the work. We are at prefent 
engaged in executing the defigos 
entered upon at this meeting, from 
which, as far as it regards oar great 
ol]jed9 we entertain much hope» 
God the Sayiour fupporting and 
giving his bencdidtion. We can 
al(b inform you» that we hope to 
form an afTociation with fome faith- 
ful witnefl*es for the truth in Swe- 
den. There our litde pamphlets, 
eQiecially our Evangelical Maga- 
zine, are read with pleafure- 

In Norway, a peafant, whole 
name is Hans Houge, with fcveral 
Eke-minded affillants, travels about, 
hx and wide, preaching the gofpel 
with great earneftnefs and efficacy, 
as we are informed. During the 
two years paft, they have awaken- 
ed a great concern on the minds of 
nany, fb that the number of thofe 
who have by his means been led to 
• deep concern for their fouls, is 
&id to amount to 1 800. Some 
of them, and Hans Houge him- 
jRrlf ia the number, have been to- 
gether, and repeatedly feized and 
impri(bned ; but when examined 
betore the magi Orates, no crimi- 
nal charge could be proved againft 
them, and they have been difc bar- 
ged. We fully purpofe to gain a 
moreexplicit knowledge of, and ac- 
quaintance with , th efc men , and wifli 
to be able to help them in the work. 
In Jutland, the beginning of a fmiilar 
work of God appears, the ifTue of 
which we wait. We rejoice great- 
ly 10 your fraternal participation 
with us, dearcll brethren, and are 
•flared we (hall fhare in your fer- 
vent prayers to God for us. 

Since the edi^ publifhed by our 
government refpedhng the bounds 
of the liberty of the preis, and the 
obedience due to magiflracy, the 
libeis which very lardy fwarmed 
•gainft the bible and Chriftiaoityt 
^miZr been fomc what reprefTed \ but 

the fatal priacipfes of the new phi- 
lofophy have long been difTemina- 
ted, and extend their influence 
daily. Nevenhelefs, Jefus Chridy 
the great Head of his Church, doth 
not forget the congregation of his 
own upon earth. He laid the 
foundations of his church ; and 
the gates of hell can never prevail 
againfl it f This fure and happy 
hope, your letters, moft diftin- 
guiihed brethren, tend ftrongly to 

^^^th your kind leave, we beg 
toteRify our fervent deCre to hear 
fome farther intelligence from you, 
and particularly refpeding the pa- 
pers you were fo kind to fend, but 
have not reached us. 

May God the Saviour, forever 
adorable, profper you and your 
Miffionary Society, deeply lying 
on our hearts, with all the defigns 
you plan and the labors you are en<» 
gaged in for the glory of his holy 
' name. 

Let brotherly love continue. 
For the Danifh Society for 
propagating the gofjiel. 

Fitahorg^ 61b ^ug, 180 1. 
Wm. Odenfce. 


Several Proteftant mi/Eonaries 
have lately been itinerating in Ire- 
land and preaching the gofpel to 
the Irifh Catholics in their own lan- 
guage. Their labors have been at- 
tended with great fuccefs, and ma- 
ny of that benighted nation have 
been brought to a knowledge of 
the truth as it is in Jefus. 



During the year 1801, there 
was a revival of religion in many 
places in Scotland. The lafl ac- 
counts from that country reprcfcnt 

I the work^ ft^^o^&eiv 

Krt^gismi JaMffna. 


Emir J.: cf a ttirr frt-m a p*;li- 
™..,„ A'«.'i.-f;f.-i..'i/:4.rai 

" PjlLng fiim ilatndlie intelK- 
grncf, i lul'cn to t^iy txiore fou 
ti;c I'utlitKi «t ihc niult suEuli 
pio.:c<din;i .if Uic I'Cf'ijlc of (>«d 
itu: f,cr were fccn in :!.!» It«C. 
Tht pt'ijilf known hy ihe aj^wl- 
Liion ot Pu(k>»iani «iri-mbled, 
on l'i:.-'.iy fifl, ar 
mj ii.iuic, ii-w*v ..f |.rf jiirMion 

fu: il.c I.cul't Su].;.;!. 1 did 

mil aLKo.t until l-l.biih d4)-, 
wi':C'> I liw :lic oidin^tiiL'c (Mlmin-, ind itiiny i>i tUc woplt 
J:!! '\i..:- onihcfjiound rrymjilcir 
mci^y. I pjlTtti the tixy >j an 
iiii|>.i iLAlljxClatur i buE ficipiem- 
ly u rapped in ±m;izcmentt •Koti- 
uMuui)t. Aii».».u>f.Jt«r. 

* WHh tbc bUckacfi of diibtcli, 

* f»trt ■« a frr«ie wound. 1 rol- 
' Id in my beJ ac>d cncd for bki- 

* CT ; bci lb--cd none. I nk. 

* with a Tiew of profitjiin* mtWf 

* before Almightir Gotl ; bqt n 

* tumcd wiihcu makir';; ilic ))• 
' tempt. SDiTOinided by tbe li- 

* Itnc llMinbm of tay twnily, I 

* ll niggled ihiough ihc iltcwjlar 
' rofs of ihc mght. In dw « 

* ingi I mottninl m^ btnfc^ il 

* hdpct of ftodin;; Kuiqttiilfnr ii 
' nrrejtion t bet the u<>r4f «ttA 

* I licardlhei'rercdin^i^^y.xtMb 

■ (kit were biddcA snil Hm i 
' fed fiiall BCTCT arte of my fcp 
' p«*,"oWtrufltd rnvwayiu-hiletk 

■ ucmeRdoui lb;:iid cf ■* Ca ye C- 
' CBifed,"&c. rc^echood thiougjiit- 

* ery nenc of ntv bodv. while tan 
' of guilt iind contriiion pomil 
' n«er my face. I fiw inyklf » 

* tlie awful iiffi-ipitt, ud 6t 


Jti^'eb Imt^jitatli 

* dredsof the people lay prodrste 
' on the grsuod crying for mercf. 

■ Oh 1 my dear brotlier, had you 
' been there, you would h»ve been 
' conflrained to have cried out) at 

■ X was obliged to da, Tlit Godi 

■ «n amoKg the people- Nor was 

■ this conQned to the commonalty 
' atone ; but penjile of efcry de- 
' fcriptiua l<iy prostrate on the 
> £TOiind. 'I'licre you would have 
' Ken lh<. learned paltor, tlie fleady 

* patnoc.aiid the obedient fon cry- 

* ing. Hi J, hi/ly, holy. Lord 
' God Jilmi^bly. There you 

* might bt'i.uld the honorable mit- 
' rtH) and :;iu virtuous miiiden ery- 
' iogi, thuu Sun ol' the iDofl 

* hij;h Goii, nave m..Tcy upon us. 

* Turn y< lii eycsiltw paces fur- 

* thcr mC you niiglit fee the prodi- 

* g;il aid tite urotLfled libertinccry- 

* ing Huliinnah to Qod in thehjgh' 
' eil, ihcrc IS no other name gi*eii 
' un ler heaven among nieni by 
' n-n'ch we,c4n be faved but the 

* name of Jcfut. You might alfo 
' have fi^n the poor oppreffed Af- 
' rican, with his foul liberated, 

* longing to be wjih its God, Me- 

* thinks I hear you fay, by this 

* time, thefe aie fttange thing) in- 
' deed 1 but 1 think it the height 

* of arrogHiicy in poor, infigni£- 

* cant, diminutive man, whofe 
' knowledge beari no proportion to 

* the knowledge of the Great 

* Eternal, to daie to criticife or 
' cenfure in the , Icall degree the 
' works of an Almighty power," 
kc. &c. 

The folhwiiig it iztraBiJ from m 
Ittttr ./ iht Rrv. y. ffushti, a 
imitiflrrof ihtOhh prrjhjttrj in lb* 
Jlati of Pcnnfyhan'ia,JateJ Nov, 
>3, iHot. He u a man reJPtBa- 
Ue Jar femJ judgment aruipiily, 
** I arrived at the Rev. J. 

' Wellh'i ia LcKingtoot oa the 
*V«L. II. Nc. 19. 


fabbach mornbig of the faav 
mentthete. Here thc.fblemnj 
pleafiog and wonderful fcene be- 
gan to open, which it i> tmpolE* 
bleforme to deli-ribe.- While 
in that country, I attended on 
three facraftcntal occaliont ; at 
each place there were. from 5 to 
6 or 7 thouJand. In geneial, 
there was great hlxrty and enga- 
gedneft in preaching, and all the 
religious exercifes, aiid many ap- 
peared to be the fubjeOs of a 
powerful and I hope Javing work 
of God. Often have I, at once, 
heard the dillreiEng groans and 
ciics of ten or twelve, lying prof- 
trace under 1 fenfe of their Hni 
and danger; and at the fame time 
the praiGog (honti of as many 
more, under a view of the divine 
glories and the myfleries of re- 
demption. In general, the Lord 
ieems to make a (hort work of it. 
fo that thofe who fall ia great dif- 
trefsandliefor a time, agoaizin^ 
under a fenle of their fini and 
dangerous condition [ peihapi ia 
the courfe of 3 or4 hours, open 
their mouths with prailes and ad- 
oration recommending Chrt (I and 
the plan of fatvation^ and in the 
moll moving manner warningand 
eithorting linners to fly to Chrift. 
Amongfl thefe, there have a num- 
ber of the avowed and mol bold 
infidels been brought down, made 
n> acknowledge the divine power 
and petfeAieos, and to cfpoufe 
the religion of Jefus. It baa 
beenreponed in fome pant o£ 
our country, that there is great 
diforder and confiiHoa attending 
this work. This it by no meanr 
fo great as has been reprefeniedt 
and p«rhapsKttle more than might 
be expefted or than can be avoid- 
ed, where fach vaft multitudes 
are aflembled and of fuch vari- 
ous charafleis. Co the whole 
I have 00 hefiHtioftUt vaJE^nAK 


tliAi GoJ !s 4»ing a great and 
irooil work in llMt couniryi and 
(hti hundred! have t»-en mide 
ihr fubjcils of ihc fj^iog opera- 
noni uf hi) fi.ini," H^. 

Vir^itij, ihi Curotinai and Gt»r- 


tl]i;n)n in Qi^ny parts 0/ ihc fouth- 
jn rt.itei. Rttcni wcoun.s from 
hat cauntrv r.-ptefcnt ihc work u 
ncre^fing and btcOBiing »ery cx- 

Encouraging iiccaunis rcrpeflirg 
rcriiTil of religion hivf ilfo been 
vcenily received fiora many othu 
kcec \» Ani^rici. 


The Re- J,d;.!.ahB.Jlnfnn. 
,rr. t f .m^iJr^ie (iocc- (torn a mif- 

Proeldmet. [A«tf^ 
^ nwtmriM^ tntfrpMtm tf K. 

EiaMGtLiCAt Macazimi. 

-rirHEN ! rrflea MtlieM. 
VV ny h«ppy hourj in nj 

ud pnyinglocieuui I can neitha 
forget the men, nor yet the diibn- 
guiChed mercies of the Lord, «fco 
rendered them a btcffing id my eli- 
ly inltniAioa, ediGcation, andcm- 
Uation. And fuch ai are aUe n 
realize the ideas of paft fneodftip 
ami to aflbciate the fcdinga offfd- 
itudc for the part, with the htfttl 
enjoying ini few day», or yen^l 
Itiii more pure a«d pef^a coiiush. 
ion with endeared" but dcputn 
feinti, will not condemn me ki 
bringing to light, and rtTcoitf 
from oblin'on, any Angular inflisci 

of the IjirrtN ciTP mH ttuHnrft 



taUrf^i&m'tf AvMfaue. 


hoale or hut upon 2 moor, called 
fiarmour-nio«r» ^uta mile from 
I«owickt aod two miles from Dod- 
dingtoiiy in the county of North- 
umberland. He had no means to 
fupport a wife and two young chil« 
dreOf iave the fcanty earnings ob- 
Uioed by keeping an afs> on which 
he a(ed to carry coals from Bar- 
mour-coalhill to D.oddington and 
Wooler ; or by malung brooms of 
the heathy and felling them around 
the country. Yet poor and defpi- 
fed as he was in confequence of his 
poverty, in my forty years acquain- 
tance with the profemng woild, I 
have fcarce met with his equal, as 
ft man that lived near to God, or 
one who was favored witli more 
evident anfwers to prayer. My 
parents then living at a village cai- 
'kd Hanging-Hail, about one mile 
.and a half from his hut, I had fre- 
tyent interviews with him, in one 
•f which he was -very folicitous to 
know whether my father or mother 
> had ient him any unexpefted re- 
lief the night before. I anfwered 
him in the negative, fo far as I 
knew : At which he feemcd to be 
voeafy. 1 then prefljd to know 
what relief he had found ; and 
how I After requeiling fecrecy, 
uleft I (haald hear of it from any 
other quarter (and if fo, he begged 
I would acquaint him), he pro- 
ceeded to inform me, that being 
diCippointed of receiving raoney 
forhis coals the day before, he re- 
fitumed home in the evening, and 
•to his pain and dillrtfs found that 
4 there was neither bread, nor meal, 
nor any thing to fupply their place, 
10 his houfe ; that his wife wept 
fore for the poor children, who 
were both crying for hunger ; that 
fhey continued crying until they 
both fell to fleep ; that he got them 
tobedtand their mother with them, 
who likewife foon went to fleep, 
being worn out with the fuiferings 

of the children and her own tender 

Being a fine moonlight night, he 
went out of the houfe, to a retired 
fpot, at a little diftance, to medi* 
ute on thofe remarkable expref- 
(ions in Hab. iit. 17 — 19. Here 
he continued, as he thought, about 
an hour and a half \ found great 
liberty and enlargement in prayer.; 
and got fuch a heart-loathing and 
foul-humbling (ightof .himfelf,and 
fiich iaterefling views of the grace 
of God, and the love of liis ador« 
able Saviour, that though he went 
out on purpofe to fpread his family 
and temporal wants before his 
Lord^ yet, having obtained a heart- 
attracting and foul-captivating view 
of him by faith, he was fo ena« 
mourcd with his beauty, and fo 
anxious to have his heart entirely 
under his forming hand, that all 
thought about temporals was takqi 

In a fweet, ferene, and compQ* 
fed frame of mind, he returned in- 
to his houfe ; when, by the light of 
die moon through the window, he 
)>ercclvcd fomcthiog upon a (lool or 
form (for chairs they had none) 
before the bed ; and after viewing 
it with ailonifhment, and feeling 
it, he found it to be a joint of meat 
roafled, and a loaf of bread, about 
the iize of uur half peck loaves. 
He tlien went to the door to look 
if he could fee any body ; and af- 
ter ufifig his voice, as well as his 
eyes, and neither perceiving nor 
hearinjj any one, he returned in, 
awoke his wife, who was flill afl?:p, 
afked a blefling and tlK;n awoke th;: 
children, and gave tliem a comfur- 
table repaft ; but could ^ive me no 
further account. I rcLitcd this 
extraordinary afHiir to my fatlicr 
and moiher, v. ho bjihhrard it wi:h 
alconiflimL-nt ; but ordered mc to 
keep it a fc:cret as rvquclted ; and 
fuch it would ercr have rcci\e.u!L<ivli 


hbrf ^ mi tf PnvJdn^t. 


I for tbe fbilowifig mlbn : A 
ic tftci' [liii ticnt I left 
il ca«ntrf ; bat oa a ufiv. aboot 
rctTC ycin ificT, at ■ frictul't, 
inirrfitioo one eitnirg look a 
ibot! one Mr. Sii»ngew»y», 
untiwmly cjlltd Swingr-ige, a 
who lived It Lonick- 
iighllerd, «hich the people ■«■ 
hed Fmclime-rear. on iceoDOt of 
niter ly wrereh ihjidwcit there- 
k a&ed what had become of bb 
property, aj I apprehended he had 

□ eldcrlv wonun 

■ncninpany fiid, I was miflakeo ; 

u ihe could tehte ore, which waj 

intcwhat curious : She (aid, thai 

|lhc hid hred with him aj a fcr- 

T houfr -keeper ; dial about 

relre or thirteen vein ago, one 

irhuffdiy morninn, he ordered her 

a whek join; of mea! ro»C 

. hjTitip i;i»cr h<r djreflioni a 

btlote tjb4l:e 

ciDrd hnaad tbe ma»-(eram m, 

■Mill HetoUibeiB that Iks* 
teoiti to have nnud « Mr. Jato 
Mool. vJth two or three ■«( 
oeighbonDf brmers, (vfwvCK^- ^ 
way) teaiiag him for tiri Dcm6} 
to li^ with fain tbe aigha bcfare ; 
dtu he wMld not uinte ihets ia 
the market-pbce, as he [ iry c fed 
to hare taken tb^ by furpiifeBn 
borae, attwoordirecofibcnipf^ 
tc4 hit bonfe, bat ■ faan fliovR 
of T»D coming cmi ibey rode dl 
aiid left bin belbre be coold g« m 
oppottoDity ; tbat ^ing ro<H) to M 
}x diJ IMN nfl well, fell a^dmm- 
ing, ai»d ihougbi he fiw Ho«a- 
ham'f wife and chitdren Aarri^ fn 
hunger ; that he awoke and fm cf 
the imprtlfioo ; ihac be dmoKd 
the fecond time, and endeafand 
jgain to Ihatc it off, bo c that be 
altogether overcoiae witft tta 


Miffumary FimJf* 




No. I. 

jtC COUNT of Monies centributed in the feveral CgngregatUmal So* 
cieties in ike State of Co>iikECTicuT, for tkt fupport of Miffitms^ 
ett ihf firft Sabbath in May \%o\^ furfuant to a Refohe of tie 
Ccmeral Affrmbly of f aid State^ faffed OQober 1 798. 
Haetiord County. 

Hartford, North Society, 
South Do. 
Wcit DiYiUoD, 
Berlin, KcDfinp^ton, 
New Bt'taiiu 
Worth -nf'rori, 
Briftol, Oiituhnoff?, 
Well Britain, 
Dap:iA S'>rietj, 
Eaft Hartiford, l-'v^W oociety, 

£aft Windfor, Firll SuL-Icty, 

Second Do. 

Fannington, Firll S«7c;('ty, 
Glaftenbury, TirA Society, 

Granby, Salmon Brook, 
Turkey HilU, 
Haitlond, Flrft Socitty, 

Weft I-Urdaud^ 
^ SoDthington, 
^ Saffidd, Firll S«>cicty, 
Wdl Suffield, 
Synifbury, Firft Society, 

Weft Symfbury, 
Wethertficld, Firft Society, 
-". Windfer, Firft Society, 

D. c. 
60 65 

10 04 

9 06 
21 It 

10 16 
* 63 

20 48 
33 78 
13 Si 

11 19 


28 <i 










4 06 

I* 53 

42 04 
70 25 

13 38 


15 19 
12 41 


Total Hartford County, 665 87 

Ncw-HwEN County. 

Mew-Hayen, V^iiitcd Society, 26 20 

Weft Haven, 25 «6 

Bran ford, Firft Society, 19 25 

Cbefhire, Firlt Society, J 9 53 

Columbia, .• 4 

Derby, Firft Society, 7 £4 

Great Hill, i 47 

Zaft Haven, xx 29 

Giiilfur J, Firft Society, 24 01 

North Guilford, 12 

Kmiden, Moanc Carmcl, 19 

£aft Plains, 6 23 

liliUbrdt Firft Society, 50 

6ecoii4 Da J4 50 

North Haven, 


Wallirgford, Firft Sodety, 

Men den, 
Watcrbury, Firfi Society, 


Woodbridge, Amity, 






9 66 

so Z4 

ZO 0% 


24 08 
12 6» 

9 18 

Total Nc\v-Havm County, 380 8^ 

New Lonj>on County. 

NcwLunc.m, 33 10 

Norwich, Firft Society, 37 37 

Chelfea, %% 54 

Bozrah, 4 67 

Coicheftcr, Firft Society, 4 36 

Weft Chcfter, 6 o6r 

Franklin, 8 94 

Lifl>on, Newent, 14 35 

Hanover, 6 2* 

Lyme, Firft Society, 7 7^ 

North Quarter, 7 85 

Montville, Firft Society, X2 50 

Prefton, North Prefton, 45 

Total New London County, 210 

FAiariELD County. 
Fairfield, Firft Society, 

Green's Farms, 
Danbury, Firft Society* 


Grcrcn\\ich, Second Society, 
Huntington, Ripton, 

Nl'w Stratford, 
New Fairfield, North Society, 

South Do. 
Norwalk, Firft Society, 


Ridgt field, Firft Society, 

.Stamford, Firft Society, 

North Stamford, 
Stratford, Firft SocietY^ 


15 0% 


16 18 
X 68 

5 93 

33 «8 

x6 43 

10 20 

4 88 

8 8r 

7 88 
$1 64 

8 50 

9 a4 

10 ic 

31 01 


IX 6.C 

^ ^^ 



A«& l&m 


'» J» 

Somhtufy, Krft Soc«tT< 

Wcitc*. r-rfl Socltty, 

7 50 

Sonh Brinio, 


6 77 


rolJ Fiirfirfd Cminty, 



W»(hingiM, New Prcfton, 

9 jf 


J '6 


WhforJ. E.nfw.1. 

4 iO 



9 80 


1 at 

Total IJ<chB(ld Ctimrr. 1 

^lottiburj, Firfl S«i«T. 

3 >7 

MiDDtlltl CDaHTT. 


3 66 

MidJl««rT.. Pril Soortr. 


3; j6 

Upper H«rf«, 

UbuuiB, lirnSutict)-, 


13 35 



7 57 

Ch»[hun. Firil SocirtT. 


7 •» 

WiiuEtld. Full Socicij, 

J5 ij 

Nctih Da 

Ji M 



n 66 

E^ HidduD, Fira Soeittj, 

Ponircl. !-irll Soclcij. 

9 o» 




H.d Lyme. 

WL,-.^lDtit, Firft SwicfJ, 

II w 

KillmpTMlh, Firil Soritty, 

MuJdx Stock, 

li 14 

N, KilUg-onh, 

Sajhrook, Fird Soclcj, 

roiolWir.ihjm Cowi')-. 

1*4 64 

Sectsad Do. 

Third Do. 

JiMtii, i-iia ^jiicry. 


Foutih Do. 

S™th F^rn,^ 


No. 2. 
^UNDS of the SocUtyt arijng from etitr fourca Am tie CmUrh 

tuihtu in May i8oi« 

D. c« 
hana Cootributian in Mty 1800, recerre^ fince Janvary xS«i» 4. 8 a5 

Comtribuied im N^w Seitlimmtif tfiz* 
Tq Jofiah B. AndMWt^ . . ftO 4S 

Amifa Jerome, • • « ^ • 50 99 

. Rev. Jedidiah BnHiaell, • . .48 

Rev. Scth WiUiftoBy . . . 8x 95 

Robert Porter^ . • • x 

Availi of Hartford Hymns, • • • 4tt 54- 

Do. of Do^r Trumbnirt Sermons, . • 5^ 71 

Da of Connediait Evangtlical Magasine, • 1000 

DomUhru by fundrj friendi to 3fiff!oHs,i>iZ» 
z in CoTentry, • • x 

z unknown, • r- • zo 

1 do. .» • . z 

1 do. • * 5 

— 17 

Donattont ly fundry Strangers^ vm. 

1 unknowot • • • $ SS 

1 in Berlin, » • 5 50 ' 

z nnknowa, • » • o SS 

z do. , .. , • zx 16 

z dOb • • • I 

z do. • • • z 

— — — %t 7$ 

Sy Ladies^ Society in Norwich, « • Z3 

By a Youn^ I^dy, . • • 3 15 

By Nathan Beers, Efq. New-Haven, • * Xo 

By Daniel Morris, Norfolk, • • z 

By Rev. George Coltoo, dolton, • • 20 

By Mr. Nathaniel Hubbard, do. 4 .JO 

By MrSi Eunice Stone, Lfdnnoot • • y 

By Revk John WiUard, Statford, • • xo 

^Mrcft reodTcd from Jaonary x« to December 3Z, iSoXt 307 35 

17^4 3» 

No. 3 

Dyhirfemmtt ly order of the Trufieer. 
ttos D. c. 

]^ Sa To Rev. David Bacon, MifOonary to the Indians, xoo 

( Mr. Salmon King, Miflionary to Naw*Tork Sute, 

balance, ....... z 03 

RcT. Abel Flint, Poftage and Stationary, . . • 3 30 
Mr. Jofiah B. Andrews, Miffionary to New- York 

State, balance, .83 

Rev. David Bacon, Miffionary to the Indians, . 200 

06 Rev.JedidiahBuihnell, Miifionary to New- York 

State, on account, aaS 

M, % Mr. Robert Porter, lyliflionary to Vermont, balance, z 

zt Mr. Amaia Jerome, Miflionary to New-York 

State, on account, .... • xa8 

03 Mr. Robert Porter, Miflionary to do. advance 25 

JKiT.iO Rrr. David HnatingtoDi Miflionary to Venaanty 

MKCOOMi •' • % % « ^ 

I 7-/J' i° 
I t'f- 

Mr. Amafi Jcrimr MilGtiBrj lo Ncw-Tork Sut*,da 71 
Mr. Am J-;. MlScsiry to NcwTcirk Stat. 

Riv.J.jicj I. L^..dEcr,kanBiU7UiN(w-CoU)adki]l, 

H v.J..l> M.,ii. M.lHafurToVcncDci.onucMml. 
K.v. Uivi t Huntington, MiiCoiurj Ju. hiUnce, 
M.dt- Uinir^ri ii Gooilwiu, Ptintiinj a SUlKMUrjr, 
kti'. Ail. 1 I [int. Pofligr, 

Rl-v, 3 I'll ;.ii. lA, Mifliudity to Vermont, wj (ecount, 
Mr. Hfi-V.L..!, Maj, Miffinnwy loNcw-Ya.-kbtite, 


Rfv. i-.ulx.IJ. Chapman, M^duatjCoNcir-Cai- 

Ri-». Jfmiiah Hilhck, MiflionirT lo Venntiat, 


Sut.. Ad»-ntr, . , , 

Rev JiilttliUjiIgft.MiflionsrjloNnt-ConniflJciit, 

'. E;ckr. I J. ChjptiUiQ. MLlTioauy, do. 



onnefticut Evangelical Magazine. 

[ruiLiiHm ACcoRDiHo TO AST o* cttwaatii.] 

. II.] May, i8oa. 

ahiral rvidmet ef the good- 

T E are told in tbe Scii|>- 
' tore* that tbe work of 
H pcrfeft ; the mfon it, it 
Uy exhibiti the charifler of 
ihor ; we hare indeed but 
feA *tews of hii work, and 
ore clondt and darkncft are 
: about hin { but fa far ai it 
aprehended, it exhibiti him 
« Father of Lights, from 
I coincth down every good and 
perfeA gift. By the work of 
u meant the whole compafi 
ioti, which hare taken place, 
licb. ever will uk* placet u 
bole which come to pafi thro' 
Urrcntioci of inoaRa and iec- 
ulei, ai thofc wbicb arc pro- 
i by hii immediate power.-^ 
igency of creaturei it concern- 
ihe priKluAion of innumera* 
enu, and thofc of the great- 
portance, in which they are 
cd by dtftinA and oppofite 
pies and news ; but thcTc 
I are nenrtbeleJs the woik 
odi u much » wy other 
I wbatereh Tbcy may flow 
ifiafid tafte io creaturch aod 
e proper eridcnce ofucha 
»L. IL No. It. C 

tafle ; while they refult from and 
futly detnonClrate the holinefi of 
God. Jofeph't brethren, in fell- 
ing hirtiMihc Ifhmaelites, mtaiit it 
unto evil; bul Cod mcaal it ualo 
go«d ! 'DieymeaDt todcAroy him: 
God meant to faf c him and them 
and the whole nation, from whom 
was to proceed the Savioar of the 

The great objeflion which has 
CTcr been made againd the gov- 
ernment of God by men of cor- 
nipt minds it, cbat it admits the 
exifteocc of evil, both natural and 
moral, and fuffers ii greatly to pre- 
Tail in the world : thui they goU' 
dcmn fia with the breach which 
the lore of fin inTpires. Theyaflc. 
cotdd not God have prerented it i 
And, if infinitely good, would he 
not have done it { Here men em- 
brace difiereot fyftemt. Some de- 
ny that God conid bare prevented 
the exiftence of fin without de- 
llroying the free agency of crea- 
tntvi ; and as this would be to 
rVKJcr them incapable of moral 
government, a much greater evil 
than the exilleace of & it&lf t it 
as important that they fliould 
be left to the freedom of their own 
wiU| viOwuL wj Y^THMi Nm& «n 

Indinuion to my gisen exercifc, 

I thscttiey ffiould have » moral 

liwute giTcn them. Thu>, in pro- 

,ni afilvo lof the DivioE char- 

•r, ihcy tender boili angels and 

D wholly mdipendenl on God 

all ihcir moiit tonduft. their 

tD|>{>on in (xillence being ft^^t 

anJ therefore thry who haTC 

InueHin a lUie of holineli and 

■t frovei tie gotJiufi tf Gad. 



■ defedion rrom ' 
. wiilluve whereof 10 jlory ; 
indeed mu(1 alcribe their per- 
r^Tice Of nlurn, to ihcmfcliei 
not to Cod. .A,t ihe fame 
Itinc, inltead of efhblilhing, they 
wholly dcllcovi ihc free agency of 
cieaiurci ; unicfs they can aA 
freely, when they have notliinjto 
move or promp: tlitm toafl at all. 
BOthcti, perceiving the aijfdrdity of 
(foch a fydi'm, ^nd not fitiiiicd 
vil cin h^vL pl^cc ondcr tiic 
Being of infinite 

cxpreffion of tus pofeAioa ud 

That pofitire eTidcDce of iIk 
g9odncf« of God aiifcs fton tht 
general frame of natote, and ibt 
fHtcd courfe of cvenii, refollisg 
from ihe bw» of nature, is a tr«i 
vbich fcrcot itftif ufOD evcfj (M- 
Itderate mind. 

Thii may appear From the fol- 
loving confideiationt. id. Eit- 
ry man his a wiinefs is hb o*> 
breafl of the goodacT* of Gti, 
which if duly attended toaad» 
mdeA, woold atSitd eovire ^f^ 
faAion ; and that i* natunl CC» 
fcieruc. or (hat morsl lenft if 
which he difcerni ibc differOia 
between ti|ht and wrong io ^Mjk 
condu^. tt it tbu ftUme ^AA 
diflirguiftej him from 
gent, and conftttntn 1 
agtiJ. It ii a (tnicb nobler ^ 
tj than that by whkh be pLitiliW 
tb<! difference between traili ni 



Nature proves the gooAtefs of XjoJ, 


AS if feared with a hot iron. It 
has been very (emphatically ^ and 
very propcrJj^ termed God's vice- 
gerent in the foul. It is the law 
ef God written On the heart, by 
U'htch infants and heathens will be 
judged at the bar of God. All 
who have not the written law are, 
by this, a law to themfelvos ! and 
they fhow it to be tlius written on 
their hearts by their accufin^or 
acquitting^ one another. To per- 
ceive an a^ion or principle to be 
right, is the fime as in their judg- 
nient to approve ^ thouoli not the 
ifame as to love : and to perceive an 
a^ion or principle to hr. wrong, is 
the fame as in their judgment to 
SfapprovCf though not the fame 
as to hate. The af^ions orprinci- 
les which it apjiroves, when bro't 

favor of virtue and againft vice ; 
therefore God is good. Again, 

If God were a malevolent be- 
ing, who gave exigence to crea- 
tures to make thern miferable, it is 
unreafonable to fuppofe he would 
give a faculty to any of them, 
to difcern his own moral defdrmi- 
ty, and fo to lay them under in- 
Hnit'e obligations for ever to hate 
himfdf, as the moft deteOable of 
all beings. His having therefore 
in ha given to angels and men 
a faculty to difcern good and evil 
In moral charadcrs, affords full ev- 
idence of his own moral redlitudc. 
2 J, The laws ^vhich regulate 
the motions and revolutions of the 
heavenly bodies — thofe which pro- 
duct: the regular alternation of 
fummor and winter, feed time and 
lully into view, are always fuch as harvefi and day and night — thofe 
promote the general goodof focie- . which govern the winds and tides 


ty : and the aAions or principles 
'which it difapproves, when brought 
.fully into view, are always fuch 
as injure focicry. 

God has ordained that a courf^* 
of virtue (hall be attended with de- 
light ; and that a courfe of vice 

— thofe which produce hail and 
fnow^ and the former and latter 
rain in their feafons — ^thofe whidi 
clothe the earlii in fpring and fara- 
mer with verd:.rc, and caufe it to 
bring forth grafs lor the cattle and 
herb for the fct vice of man — thofe 

Ihall be attended with remorfe. ' which crown autumn with precious 
This delight andrcmurfe arc fch- fruits for the fupport of niiin and 
approbation iindfclf-condem nation, ; bc.if!-^and, to mention no rjcre, 
accompanied with a prefcntiment ' thofe which o];-.ra:c in iLe niuiti- 
cf future good and evil, as a retri- ' plication, dcfeiicj and fup|>u7t of 
bulion. A courfe of virtue ftlicn, 'the various CiCiUures, at^tcr t!ieir 
though arduous and felf-denyin;:, ! kinds, make one kind fubfwrvicnt 
iriTures th^t peace of mind, which to another and all fuSilrvirr.t v> 

alone is tiue enjoyment: and a 
courfe of vice, though cafy and 
fclfgraiityin;], produces aitatc of 
unreal, like the tiouhled fea con- 
tinually calting up mire and dirt. 
The fpirit of a man, while found, 
can fuflain his infirmity ; but a 
wounded fpiri: who can bear ? 
There is no peace faith my God 
to the wicked ; and univcrfd ex- 
perience confirms the truih of the 
declaration. In this law then, 
wthave the iciliiiony of GjJ in 

man, proclaici tlie ;ii;o.inefs ef 
Cto6» in a ]an;iiiw;>e which is un- 
dcrltood by all men, even the niofl 
ravage and barbarous. Be it i'o^ 
that they aic all, under certain 
circumtlances, the occaiion of 
evil, yet the evil produced beats 
no priipottiun to the good : their 
geniTuI nature ai. J tendency is ob- 
vioufly good, and this v.ill deter- 
mine the dcfign and churadler of 
hi.*!! who eiLbhfhci them. It is 


1 their 

.Sji^ri fr»vti Urn itodMtfi(^ G9^ C*''''- 

" EiTC o* rain from hearea aad 
" ftuitful itiSaoi, filling ouc bew 
" wiih food and gladDc&" Tbe 
witncfi Tot God, among tboCtoft- 
tiont, wu Dot rcTcIaiion, bat tai 
Irani heiTcn and Fruitful ia&m: 
thefe bin; witncf* for God likabt 
bgood, fufficicat to leave tbcm aid 
all othcrt wiihou[ excufc. Agiig, 
St. Paul fayt, " Tbe uiTiO^ 
" thiiigi «r bim from the crdtiw 
" of the wocid are ckarijr ita, 
'' being undetllood by the tbiap 
" that arc made, even bb cunal 
" power aDd Godhead ; h dai 
" ihey are without excufc ; B«- 
" caure, that whcD (hey kntv 
'■ Cod, ih-:y glorified bim BM ■ 
" Cod, neither were ibaakM" 
piaire ; but if the cf il Sut1i>:ient eridence then of Ac 

I- ' Godhead i« exhibited tonwtkf 

t the w*rks of 

)( prttended iliat nii 
fallen and dcjicaved Ai 
dcr the dominion ai a felfilh, par- 
*ill fee ihc goodadi 
of God in hi» works ; ■>«[ will 
they any more fee it in hii word. 
h-ir not feeing the eudencc of 
1 goodnef*, however, ii no proof 
<at tHtre 1) none. Ifihcyhatc 
iC light and refufc to come to the 
light, ihcir rcfulal ptovei nothing 
but their own peivcifencft ; the 
loceo/ihe being of li)jht may 
iriclilhblc, to all who open 
theii eyci. Accordingly wc find 
that the bell men in crery age, 
whofe hcarn have been right with 
Cod, have m^dc the worki of 
God, at well is his word, a theme 

which prevail! in the world ann 
hilatci the evidence of God' 


Nature proves the gooJnrjf of Cod. 


exift on the oppofitc (ides of a 
queftion ; ofcourfe where one fiJe 
ss proved f the other has no proot 
at all. We may be certain then, 
that if God is proved to he ;;ood 
from the woiks wliich have been 
conddered, there can ht no evi- 
dence at all of the contrary, from 
the exiftence of (in or mifery, or 
from any other quarter. 

But it may be ufeful jud to men- 
tion fome of the reafons of this. 

I. Sin proves nothing againfl 
the goodnefs of God. This af- 
feAion of heart is in itfelf wrong 
and hateful. It is oppofed to the 
funeral good : but the evil of it 
lies wholly in its nature ; it is ?he 
afTedlion of the (inner ; we need 
only look upon it to difcern its na- 
ture and to pronounce it wrong and 
hateful ; we can argue nothing 
from its nature, to the nature of its 
cinfe. If God can, in his treat- 
vent of the finner^ either in his 
condemnation and puniihment, or 
in bis pardon and faJvation, difplay 
hisown glory and promote the gen- 
erti good, which niufl be admitted 
Co be pofGble, then his regard to 
the general good, or his holincfs 
itfelf will cnfure its exigence. In 
order then to prove that the tL\\\\- 
ence of (in makes any thinj; .i;',a!nll 
the goodnefs of Ood, it mu(b he 
.4cmonftrated, that God hinifllf 
cannot over-rule it ft'r the difpluy 
of his glory, or the hupj iiiefs of 
his creatures. 

;b. Natural evil or p^in anJ mif- 
ery, whicii prcvnil in w.t v.orh^ 
prove nothing againd ti.e ^oodiKfs 
of God. il[. l^cauf: iil riicn ;is 
finners or violators of God's law 
deferre all the p;iin and miftry 
which they fuffer in this life, and 
much more. Whether every one 
is ieo(iblc of this or not is in)iTi;ite- 
fiiil ; it is fiifHcient, that full proof 
of this may be produced to every 
.cudld and inquiring mind. The 

divine law is infcribcd on the heart 
of every man ; the untutored lav- 
age difccrns as pcrfe«flly between 
right and wrong as thofc who en- 
joy rcvel.ition : All men are con- 
fcious of having violated this law ; 
they do that themfclves xvhich rhev 
condemn in others and fo are felt- 
condemned ; they know, or m'oht 
know, th^t the jiiilgment of God 
is according to tiTth p.gaind (uch as 
work iniquity ; and havenoreafon 
to cxpt^ to tfcape his judgment 
themielves. 2d. Becanlc th-r fvf- 
tern of divine operation is not yet 
fully unfolded to the view of crea- 
tures ; it is yet in a (Ute of pro- 
gre(non, and it cannot reafonably 
be pronounced imperfcA or defec- 
tive, before it is entire. We ou^ht, 
in this weigl'ity aflfair, to judge 
nothing before ** the time, until 
' the Lord come, who will bring to 
' light the hidden things of dark- 

* ncfs." 

But to advance one (lep further. 
It is believed, that the exigence 
of (in and fufFcring in the world is 
fo far from proving any thing 
againft the goodnefs of God, that 
it incrcafes ihe evidence in its fup- 
pori. I ft. Of fufrcring. If it 
be admitted thAt run arc (^nrji? 
and guilty before God, and 
they have the inf.\iis, in a!! con- 
ditions, of knowing tl-is ; ii will 
follow of couif:, that their Cfi^! 
ings, whether vi'jv.'td as yt\y.\\ i- 
coirf^frive, d"f'»'i«v ihc ilivli;c ^^^o.l- 
ncfa. He h-urvili ilic •* ;\:d 

* h^teih his fen, bu! h: tli.'.r !'v-.»h 

* him, chpftfn'"tn h'ln tJ' :"nHs/' 
Cc-mmon (cr.fc iilwiys dj»;!wts \n 
favor uf the f:i!'"..r who (iiiialiv 
corTC*5l> his lhihlv>rn riilM ; ;iii'l 
prono\ir.CL'S it to 1;^: np ur.tquivoCrl 
A&. of foMiin-.f*! ; i: t-PjUally pro- 
nounces in Lis f.4\i"*r, who difinlitr- 
its, and cilts outc.f his family «*nd 
protection, the ch'^l who proves 
ob!iinate an'i \i\tcVi:.\'?.uS\i. '^\.'t. 


Xjfvn frwvei iht ^v>2nffi o/" Cii- 


HjjJge who> withinfl:siU!e fe^criiy, 
■ pronouDcCi lenience of AtvXx j]>- 
laolhe murJcrer, l.-g^tlv conii^- 
Jcdi £>tcs cviJcriCe uf liij £oad- 
Inrii lo all inprti^l men ; or, 
Iwhich ii ihe iv^M thing. Iliau-i hii 
ntejjjid to juilice iind rijihieoufnefs ; 
|uiil his bE.irt is in tlic feniencc, in 
iti Js he regiriis the intci- 
beit.'ty. 'I'hc applicalioQ 

ii <jbvi 


■few p.,: 

HwhiL-h uecnduK 
■We come into il 
■bit, helpLfs ait 

e ha 

wholly unacquainted 
with the naiurc of fuiroiiailiiig ob- 
■je«3 : ue !e*rn their naiuie by the 
Hpleifjre oi ]t<tin which they give ; 
lihe i>i ,i i:iiiiile is a ple^ng 
|obj.^a cf C^ht [o ihc i.ifint child, 
■ is hand la gtifp 

twinges cf remorfe i ihJs cosKf 
tiuiun of Cod piocUimiliiigpti^ 
nefs i It is the monitury totcett 
God CO the finnet j its langiia^'& 
thiicoodufl will end \a nua,^B 
never-ending WGe 
fuiureaa you 


rtfl. R; 

end ia nufl.B 
: repen ; IM 
tender your |0 
it fo, ihU Ac 

fiain of remorfe is exnemcf u3 
bmeumes eveti ir.ioleiabie ; yd 6 
pioTcs the goodnefi of God 'tari- 
ouiways; it fbowj that God btdp 
and avenges uiclLcdncft ; it \A 
furetalle of the riernal rclrik^ 
uf inipcnitcnts ; it tciErAiBf II 
men mure or lefi ftom fin ; itfi^ 
Ihro' the grace of God, MlA 
foulj.frnm dcith and a licfft K 
earth liooi being Clhil finh % 

Part of our fuffcrinj* U-fnrfth 
reflion and in JudgmetiL "ilt 
PTalmift tell us, " The L«d> 
known by the judoi 


fixture proves the gutdnejf of God. 


arc williogly ignorant that this was 
by the word or appointment of 
God» yet the great and awful 
rrent has glorioufly declared the 
divipe righteoufnefsy and has been 
a great reftraint upon the lufls of 
mci\in every age. The deflruc- 
licn of Sodom and Gomorrah, by 
a (lorm of fire and brimftone fiom 
the Lord out of heaven was a mofl 
(jgnal exhibition of the wrath of 
God .igainfl thofe cities, for giving 
themfelvcs over to fornication, and 
goinc after {{range flcfh ; and they 
are let forth fbr an example, faf- 
fcring the vengeance of eternal 
fire. We find that the terror of 
the Lord was upon the nations of 
Canaan many years afterwards. 
Had it not been for this awful event 
the ioiquity of the Amorites would 
probably have been full long Inrfore 
the appointed time, which did net 
liappcn till more than four hundred 
years afterwards. Doubtlcfs it 
was a powerful mean of reilrain- 
irig the wickednefs of tlie neinh- 
boring nations, for ages ; and of 
prcferving the church of God in 
tlie world ; nor has it loft its effica- 
cy to the piefcnt day. The terri- 
ble judgments of God executed 
upon Pharaoh and the £;iyp:inns, 
ending in the dcftruAion of Phara- 
oh and his hcfl in the Red Sea, for 
their rebellion and hardncfs of 
hearty and, not long aftcr^ upon 
the nations of Canaan, have glo- 
rioHflj fliewn his power and declar- 
ed his name throughout all the 
tartb; and the h.ippy cfFefls of 
thefi; memorable judgments, which 
have been mentioned, will be fclc 
to the end of time. 

The excifion of the Jewifli na- 
tion, after they had filled up the 
TneafuTC of their fathers, in cruci- 
fying the Lord of Life ; and the 
awful ja Igments, temporal and 
(piritu^ly which have followed that 
people ever finccy as well as their 

miraculous prefcrvation in their dif- 
perfion throughout the whole earth, 
are events, which have many ways 
contributed to the honor of God, 
to the prufcrvation and enlarge- 
ment of the true church, to the in- 
creafc of divine knowledge, to 
the fulfilment of the fcrijituies, and 
to prepare the way for a nio(l glo- 
rious difplay of divine mercy to 
tlicm and to the world, at the pe- 
riod, faft approaching, when the 
knowledge of God ihall cover tiie 
whole earth. 

The deftru^ion of Antichrift, 
which has, in part been accom- 
plifhcd by the bloody w;)rs which 
have, fince the reformation, defo- 
l.ited Europe, and cfpccially by 
the late infidel-war, the objc<fl of 
which has been to extirpate from 
the earth whatever heart the name 
of Chriflian, will, in its progrcfs, 
be total and complete, and fo ter- 
rible, as to be a fit fymbol of the 
day of judgment : yet in full view 
of it, the holy inhabitants of heaven 
are reprefented as uniting in folemn 
praifc to God, faying, Alleluia, for 
the Lord God omnipotent reign- 
eth. They viewed it at once ar. 
a work of righteoufnefs and ci 

The foregoing examples arc ad- 
duced becaufe they are among the. 
principal judgments whicti God 
has fecn fit to infii^ on a wicked 
world ; not becaufe there is anv 
thing peculiar in them to fupp: rt 
the piefent arpjimcnt ; for all ilic 
judgments of God difpl.iy his mer- 
cy and his jufticc as well as thcfc : 
they arc indeed works of mercy, as 
much as the giving of rain fron) 
heaven and fruitful feafors. The 
whole of the cxxxvi. Pf-ilm is ta- 
ken up in recounting God's works 
of mercy- The Plalmifl calls up- 
on men to give thanks for various 
mercies in creation and provider cc ; 
among which arc the <AU(y^i\^^;^> 


Nolan pravci tht xWnr/V cf GoJ. 


To him that by vifitoni made ilie 
hviTCB) : f"t hii mcrty tndure'h 
evflf. To hm thufitcuhed 
ihe esnh alvire iht wjwrs: 
for hij merfy cc.duttili for e»er. 
To him thii msi'e great lights, 
Stc. To him ihai fmote Ejj-pt io 
their lir(l tiom : foi his nerty eti- 
dntnh fjr ever. To him that 
OTenhrc-»v Phaikoh and his hoft 
in the Red Sti : fur hii mtrcyen- 
•.lurcih tor c«r. To him that 
flew famous kiriR* : /or hii mtrcy 
■ " Sihon ting of 

the Amontci : lot his mf rev eo- 
durtth for cv?r. Ar,! O5 ihc king 
L'fDailijn: hn nutkir cnduf- 
L.ih for evei* Htre God's fmit- 
'"K t^fi'pt '" ''"''^ ^'1' bom, his 
nhrowipg Phiirjtih ar.d his 
holt in the ie<Mc4. and his f\Ayt>z 
Lhe kinjs ihtre nieiv.iortif, are ccl- 
ibmed, ill winks ol iTitrcy or 

ridlhccJTiIi ; ihsfv: 

miinder of wrath (halt (Imm re- 
Ih'ain-" On this it is obnoia to 
remark, that (he UTath of nan ti 
the lin of inan ; that God cantrob 
and limits it as he fees fit ; aid 
that all the wtath, or Go thai tdw 
j-UicJhaJl frai/c hlxn ; u fiuJI flSt 
only B-jI Jijlner, ^t JhaH (rmfi, 
\ljhat} glorify him, not thu id 1» 
lure ii to praife htm, but he wS 1 
glorify hinifelf in couoteraSingili 
lendencT, in (howing hit wnA 
2Tid making his power known M 
the vdTcIs uf wiatb ; and iliBh, 
king known the riches of his gllK;^. 
on ihr If (Tell of mercy. , 

I'he fuin of the arguaieiit il | 
this i cor.clufite erideoce of tfc»^ ' 
gooJnefs of Gad aiifes fran dl^ 
pcnetJ frame of naturci uhI d'k 
Ibied coiirfe of e»eftt» 1 " ' " 
from lhe lans of 
j.'Aion which il by I 
againrt ihi*. that the exiJlcBOE *(; 
■ ' ' " hihiet tT'' 





we can have no juft pre|>ofieiEoQi in 
its ^vouTy that it is either good or 
true. When we read in xutbat It 
is ImpoMUfor God toIUf it would 
be reaionable for us to fufpend our 
aflent till we had fome further 
proof of it than his own word : 
tor certaialy» where there is no 
evidence that a being is good» 
there is no evidence that his word 
u true. Ify indeed, we find by ex- 
perience! or the tedimonyof othcrs» 
that God has been, as far as hith- 
^rto obferved, faithful to his word, 
ia fulfilling his prumifes and threat- 
cnings, and in verifying bis predic- 
tions, we have Co far evidence of 
his truth, but the natixreofihe ev* 
idence is no higher, than of that 
which we may have of the truth of 
^ fellow crcacLi :, though k will 
indeed rite mucli higher in degree, 
in propo: iosi .ts it has been invari- 
able for 'Uiiny thoufiind years. If 
we have found a man to be uni- 
fo*^mIy true, for many years, we 
have reafon to rely on his word ; 
fltll it is 'lot impoffible but he may 
lie ; and if God has always been 
found to be true, from the begin- 
ning, he is worthy of truft and con- 
fidence in proportion : dill, I do 
not fee how it can be faid, that it 
is impoffible for God to lie, if we 
have no proof of his truth but 
what refjitsfrom experience ; if it 
be iropofHble, it is becaufe it is ab 
futd and fclfcontradidlory, and if 
this be the cafe, it nrufl refirlt from 
immutable re^itude of nature. On 
the ground I oppofe the evidence 
cf God's truth has been conflantly 
increafing from the beginning, and 
U'ill incrcafe, if his truth contin- 
tie, to the end. In this view of 
i\\: matter, the anicdiluvians were 
lei'^ :n blame in not believing God 
than wc arc. in proportion as they 
iiA-i lefs c;: cricnce of his truth. 
It fecms however that God (aw 
their wickedncfs to be great enough 
Vol. II. No. ii. 

to call for their utter deflmffion. 
Our firft parents would have had 
the leaft reafon of all to believe 
the word of God, were it not that 
they could not objed to the good- 
aefs and truth ot God, the exift- 
ence of fin and mifery in the world | 
as, in the opinion of fome, it ieemt 
they might after they had fidned» 
and as all their pofterity may. 
That the ho}y fcriptures rightly uop 
derftood fully prove the goodneft 
of God is granted i but they prove 
this not as the mere woi'd of a be- 
ing, of whofe moral charaAer we 
have no knowledge from any other 
fource, but as a work of tranf* 
cendent greatnefs and excellence. 
It proves its author is divine as the 
heavens and the earth do ; the na- 
ture of the proof is the fame in 
both cafes ; the only difference is, 
that the proof from the fcriptures 
is more illuiirious and abundant ; 
the reafoning is from the tSctX to 
the caufe. But if there is abund- 
ant proof from the fcriptures as a 
great and glorious work, of the 
goodnefs of God, it may be dor 
roanded, how the argument which 
denies, tliat the work of creation 
and common providence afford 
this proof, tends to fubvert the 
fcriptures ? To this the anfwer is^ 
if the argument is conclufive in the 
cafe in which it is urged, it will 
be equally fo, to fet afide the proof 
of God's goodnefs from divine 
revelation* The argument is, cre- 
ation and common providence af- 
ford no proof of the goodnefs of 
God, becaufe of the exidence of 
I fin and mifery in the world. Bu^ 
if this have any weight, it will 
have equal weight againll the proof 
refulting from revelation ; for.tho* 
this has brought life and immortal- 
ity to lights yet it has alfo revealed 
that both fin and reifery will be 
• eternal, and in a fcnfe infinite, 
and that myriads of 6Q<i'tt«x\a!ca&^ 

D dd 



loStftiag, both angels aod rnen. 

Ilhall be puflilheii wiih crerljftiDg 

Idefliu^'I'vn tioni ibc pirfcnce of 

■ th* Lord, anttlmm ihe glory of 

Ihis {fowcr. Tbi> ivhii iruth, 

l^iwdt lU lliNe ictmIs, ii tht 

wfon why men diibtliere 

Iwul rcj<^l ih« BiMe Thry cirb 

IftM lad II l(^ be jnll and good in 

ICod to \aQia eternal lornicDii oo 

mm he hu m^ile. If it 

lOiuuld be faid, ttiutmcn would not 

If>bjc4l to ihii, il ttieir hearti were 

liglii luwiird} God ; ind that 

llhcii objeiliunB are always remov 

wheti thev MC lenewed by di- 

e grate ; 'I'lie anfuer is, iheit 

lobjc^iuni yic, in fuch cafe, e^ally 

removed which itife frcm the lin 

ind mifiiy, they fee in ihi* world, 

land ^hcy can and do fee the glory 

ir~ God in the fun, the moon, the 

itc*rih, ihe ffa, the winds. 

-co«defliaiB( the Saner u dodb 
and affo that tlicy knew Itai fft d» 
ingwould be ec|a«I. Ifh Ibnlil' 
be laid, that they enjoyed mdk 
tion, and therefore were be(|H 
capable of jndging chan othcn, i 
may be replied ; thai accordin^v 
St. Paol, the Heathens alwqi 
knew that they who comaiit m- 
tfahj are wonhy of 4enh t nd 
that the JDdgmnii of Sod agoA 
fuch is accDiding to irvtH- jdi It 
il a great advantajei after bcil| 
laiisficd that a book, which ct«at 
to be a rerelation ftom God, il ■•• 
deed fo, to comracnce and prafe- 
CRte the (tody of it, with a ceictiit 
perfuafion that God it tffentiailj 
and rmntui^bly holy and true ; fori 
in (hat cafe, we have «iily to kn* 
iu true meaning, or vh«t i( CS» 
tain*, to receive it with iH mdt 
nefs of mind, and, in th