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~n~i n n rm rrns~prrn nr 

JANUARY • 1939 

On "Friendly" Credit 
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A good mechanic is proud o( the complete 
set o( tools he owns . . . Borrowing the other 
fellow's tools will never complete your assort- 
ment so necessary in your daily work. The 
employees' tool store at Consolidated has just 
the tools you need. See "Whitey" Dake and 
save time and money. 



Volume 4 

January, 1939 

Number 1 


No sooner had we reported that the 
total airplane experience of Consoli- 
dated employees who had been with the 
company over five years, added up to ap- 
proximately 2,000 years of cumulative air- 
plane experience, than along comes Major 
Fleet and upsets the figure. On Thursday, 
December the 22d, Major Fleet, in what is 
now an annual event, made the award of 
service pins to some 5 1 of the employees. 
Nineteen of these had, by continued ser- 
vice to Consolidated, hoisted their service 
from the five, to the ten-year classifica- 
tion. While thirty-two new service pin 
winners reached the five-year group. Thus 
in appropriate fashion was tabulated some 
2 5 5 years of service to Consolidated. Each 
year brings in more new employees who 
have earned their five-year service pins, 
and more step up into the higher groups. 
The years certainly roll by! 

Greatly appreciated on the occasion 
were the several lively numbers given by 
the Bonham Bros. Senior Boys' Band under 
the direction of Jules Jacques. 

Those whose service now extends be- 
yond ten years thru the awarding of pins 
by Major Fleet on December 22, include: 

S. C. McGuiness, Kurt Klein, Garner 
G. Gre:n, H. I. Mandolf, J. L. Kelley, M.E. 
Taylor, W. B. Wheatley, H. V. Atkinson, 
Irma K. Robbins, Agnes C. Howard, A. 
J. Dolan, R. B. DiUing, T. P. Butterfield, 
R. A. Bussey, R. C. Hager, F. W. Borne- 
mann, A. H. Sprenger, R. J. Hartmayer, 
C. V. Duddinski. 

Those added to the five-year service pin 
group include: 

R. K. Whitney, Leta P. Davis, Robert 
Lamont, E. H. Watts, J. L. Theuws, H. 
E. Weihmiller, Otto C. Voss, E. P. Ehlert, 
David R. Kern, W. C. Bowlen, W. H. 
Hassler, F. A. Rosso, H. A. Fink, Chas. C. 
Farnsworth, Leslie L. Wade, R. R. Biddle, 
A. Stieringer, B. M. Sheehan, H. D. Naseef , 
M. E. Aldrich, C. M. Szymczak, M. C. 
Hottleman, N. J. Hayman, K. F. Edel- 
maier, Leo Budzynski, E. F. Merlau, F. J. 
O'Connor, J. L. Weaver, Frank Gary, W. 
J.Gramse, A. F. Rohloff, Harry E.Walters. 

THERE are some among the ranks of 
Consolidated who are genuine flying 
enthusiasts and they manage to do some 
flying week after week. There are others 
who fly only occasionally. But the greater 
majority of us with the human power to 
put things off, never seem to take a flight 
at all, yet the experience of an occasional 
flight is an unparalleled source of develop- 
ment of the powers of observation, and 
valuable to everyone. Flying rather opens 
new vistas for ground exploration and for 
understanding the human problems, wrapt 
as they are in the city and the surround- 
ing country. 

Coming and going to and from work 
we are apt to travel along the same set of 
streets and corners day after day. We are 
apt to feel from our observation of the 
new buildings being constructed, that the 
city of San Diego is filling up with sur- 
prising rapidity. This is particularly true 
if you travel back and forth along the 
central streets all the time. But have you 
ever taken time out from your customary 
peregrinations to look down on this same 
day after day route from the air? From 
the vantage point of the air it will be seen 
that most of the growth has taken place 
along these streets or immediately adjac- 
ent to them. A surprising amount of va- 
cant territory still exists right in the heart 
of the city. More than JO'Tf of the areas 
of some sections are perfectly blank 

If you have home-building ideas stirring 
around in your noodle, perhaps an aerial 
hop will spot for you a bit of canyon 
where a lot could be purchased most rea- 
sonably, be close to stores, schools and 
other requisites, landscape beautifully and 
be out of the way enough to provide the 
seclusion of a retreat. 

Another eye-opener, if you are one of 
those devoted to a Sunday drive for re- 
laxation, is to spot your favorite drive and 
look down on it from the a'r. You will 
soon discover perhaps a dozen little roads 
leading off here and there that you didn't 
even suspect existed when you traveled 
over this route on land. Keep them in mind 
and the next time you are driving that 

way, take in a few side trips. San Diego 
county probably contains more interesting 
and different spots that can be reached 
only by taking a side road, than any other 
county in the United States, and an occa- 
sional view from the air is the real way 
to discover them. 

If you've only taken enough flights to 
say that you've been "up" in an airplane, 
start extracting more of the observation 
possible from such a flight and forget the 
"feel" of a first flight. Best of all, get a 
group and go up. Tell the pilot what neck 
of the woods you'd like to circle over, and 
then locate familiar spots. You'll be sur- 
prised how different they appear from the 
air. If you're a hunting enthusiast, spot- 
ting a new hunting ground or an easier 
way of getting to your favorite stamping 
ground is a possibility from an occasional 
flight. If you're one of those who has a 
pretty good opinion of your home as com- 
pared with those in your neighborhood, 
boy, what a deflation of ego awaits your 
first aerial view of it, and what a stimula- 
tion of pride at the same time! But most 
of all don't be a Gump . . . don't put it 
off! Take a flight occasionally. 

snn DIEGO Fivinc club 

Now that the rainy season is here, 
members of the club are "laboring" on the 
runways and roads at the airport with a 
grader obtained by Mr. Anderson. The 
main runway has been made nearly 100 
feet wide and lengthened more than 300 
feet. The road along the west end of the 
field has been graded and changed from 
across the middle of the field, to the south 
end of the runways, removing the hazards 
of cars colliding with planes. 

The following were voted in as mem- 
bers of the club: C. Wagner, Ladd, A. 
Rakestraw, W. Rakestraw and Mr. Tru- 
man. Melvin Knutson has been elected 
treasurer in charge of ship operations. 
Hulick, Goodyear and Testa soloed re- 
cently and "Skike" McCannon is busy 
revamping his speed job. 

Few things are impossible to dilligence 
and skill. — Johnson. 

should be addressed- 

c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California 
n, is gladly granted any established publication provided proper credit is given the CONSOLIDATOR 
Printed monthly in the U. S. A by Frye 8 Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, California. 



WE welcome to Consolidated and 
the Navy Inspection staff, Mr. 
Henry P. Zickgraf who, for about three 
years prior to coming to Consolidated, has 
been stationed at North Island in the En- 
gineering Section of the Inspection Service, 
Bureau of Aeronautics. 

Mr. Zickgraf has a record of nearly 20 
years experience in aircraft and has been 
associated with the work of both heavier- 
than-air and lighter-than-air craft con- 
struction and inspection. He was, as a 
matter of fact, connected with the Thomas 
Morse Co. before it became a part of Cou- 
solidafcd and he was with the Curtiss Co. 
at both Hammondsport and Buffalo. For 
the past 1 5 years Mr. Zickgraf has been 
connected with the Bureau of Aeronautics, 
Inspection Service. Some of this time was 
spent at the Chance Vought Corp., at the 
L. W. F. Engineering Corp., and the Glenn 
Martin Co. About five years of this time 
was devoted to lighter-than-air craft when 
he was stationed at Akron, Ohio, during 
the construction of both the Akron and 
the Macon. Later he was stationed at the 
Sunnyvale Air Base. Mr. Zickgraf is not 
entirely a stranger as he has been in San 
Diego three years and some of our per- 
sonnel have already made his acquaint- 
ance during his work at North Island. 





W'"- "■^k" 

and on 





2368 Kettner at Kalmia 


WITH the election of five new di- 
rectors at our annual business meet- 
ing December 12th, the Aero Club of San 
Diego completed its fiscal year 1938. The 
five who were elected to office filled the 
vacancies created by an equal number of 
directors who are retiring from our panel 
this year. Messrs. Jackson Hicklin, E. F. 
Hoffman, Douglas Kelley, R. G. Mayer, 
and Earl Prudden are the five new directors 
who have just been elected to three-year 
terms each. 

The activities of our club during the 
past year are worthy of more than passing 
notice. In the spring of the year, a petition 
was circulated requesting the National 
Aeronautic Association to issue a charter 
accepting our organization as an affiliate. 
This petition met with spontaneous ac- 
ceptance and practically overnight the 
Aero Club of San Diego blossomed out to 
become one of the largest clubs of its kind 
in the United States. This placed an un- 
usually heavy burden on the directors and 
administrative staff of our club to carry 
the interest and activity which came into 
being at that time. 

The club activities during the past year 
have been highly interesting, entertaining, 
and beneficial to all of our members and 
their guests. Speakers of national and 
world repute have been our guests on vari- 
ous evenings to bring their experiences di- 
rectly to our members. At other times we 
have been privileged to see motion pictures 
of flying activities not generally witnessed 
by the average person, and through our 
contacts with the National Aeronautic 
Association and its publication have been 
able to keep abreast of the latest develop- 
ments in aeronautical circles. 

During the coming year, a program 
rivalling that of last year has been ar- 
ranged, will serve the useful purpose of 
broadening the knowledge of aeronautics, 
and provide an interesting and entertain- 
ing means of so doing. 

To our many members and friends who 
are employees of the Consolidated Aircraft 
Corporation we extend our best wishes for 
a Happy and Prosperous New Year. 

J. H. Waterbury, Sec. 

And while we are in Scotland, the 
master of the sloop, "Annie Laurie," or- 
dered seaman Sandy McDonald to climb 
out on the bowsprit and haul in a trailing 
halyard. "Ah'll do nothin' o' the sort," 
protested Sandy, "Ah signed on tae sail 
before the mast, no' before the ship." 

Tool Resolutions 

To somehow and somewhere find a 
calendar to do justice to our crib wall, (and 
it must be a very pleasing one). 2. To 
help McGinness win a golf game once. 
(He'll appreciate it so much, j 3. To make 
Jimmy Meyers finally buy that new car 
and take those hunting trips he has planned 
for so long. 4. To lessen the chances of a 
dull and uninteresting year we should ail 
help Dan Cupid in putting those 10 
bachelors where they belong (this should 
be a lot of fun for someone). 5. To teach 
"Willie" Weaver to get over his "mike" 
fright and remember a radio isn't like a 
telephone! 6. To make this year a truly 
hnppy one for all concerned. No. 1257. 

Will someone loan Curley Knight a pair 
of military brushes? 

Please tell us why Santa Claus forgot 
Joe Williamson's new suspenders? 


Since we have had the five nets in San 
Diego High School Gym, those who have 
attended so far have played: Singles, 47 
games; Doubles, 17 games. We hope to 
have more attend after the holidays. Of 
course. Bowling and Basketball take up 
two evenings for some of us but the wives 
and lady friends would, perhaps, enjoy a 
game. It is a grand chance for us to meet 
our fellow workers and become better ac- 
quainted. Will be looking for you Jan- 
uary 4, 1939, and each Wednesday at 
from 7:00 to 10:00 p.m. We can arrange 
a tournament for those who wish to play. 
Let's hear from you. 

The Committee, 

E. C. Terry, 
J. Bowley, 

J. Lockwood, 

C. F. Henninger, 

W. C. Gilchrist, 

F. L. Kastelic. 

Final Findings 

T. B. Hill (7102) 

It seems as though Jack Kline and 
Dave Lemmon have tried to start a new 
fad in Final Assembly but to date no one 
has followed their example. No one else 
seems to be interested in breaking their 

The Final Assembly basketball team is 
getting under way with its practice now. 
There are still some openings for good 

Larry Casselman is still keeping his 
mustache in trim. 

January, 1939 

louiDoiun on the 

Hello girls! 

Well, our eagerly anticipated and highly 
successful Christmas Party is now an event 
of the past. Everyone agrees that a "won- 
derful time" was had by all. It has even 
inspired me poetically (?) and, therefore, 
with apologies to Messrs. Longfellow, 
Emerson and Poe (and also Mary Living- 
stone), I present: 

'Twas Friday the sixteenth of December — 
A night we will all long remember! 
Each girl to the party her newest gown wore — 
And the funmaking started with cocktails galore. 
The turkey was luscious — a wonderful dish — 
But, alack and alas, I had to eat fish! 
Florence and Blanche played music so fine — 
("A Tisket A Tasket" and "Sweet Adeline") ! 
Some of us joined in "singing" each song — 
Major Bowes would, no doubt, have had use for 

his gong! 
Louise in a costume both novel and flashing — 
Danced a fandango — 'twas earnest — 'twas dashing! 
A group of the girls in a gay festive mood 
Did a "chorus girl" number — 'tween courses of 

A wire from Dorothy was received and read — 
"Have a good time girls" — was what it said. 
There were gifts in profusion beneath a huge tree — 
Which were opened amidst shouts of great gaiety. 
Our guests arrived after our dinner so grand 

And we danced all 

Bill Mille 

My poetic impulse seems to have de- 
serted me — but, seriously, it was a won- 
derful party. 

We missed Eva, Mable and Dorothy and 
are sorry that they were unable to be with 

When you read this column Christmas 
will be past — and another year will be 
born. Happy New Year! See you in 1939! 



The chief difference between a gum- 
chewing stenographer and a cud-chewing 
cow is that thoughtful expression on the 
face of the cow. 

Life Gobs Round in tlie 
Squirrel Cage 

By Ed Stewart 

Scene: The Squirrel Cage — Larry Boe- 
ing, chief squirrel, is inspecting a part. 
Music fills the air. 

Larry: O sole mio — I am dejected, 

O sole you — this part's re- 
Enter a dispatcher, Mr. J. William Fleet. 
Mr. Fleet: Larry, I am looking for 
31X004, it is urgently needed at the X 
building, is it here? 

Larry: (Tune, Yankee Doodle) 
We'll look hard for your little part 

Because we're known for service. 
But will you please get out of here 
Because you make us nervous. 
Exit Mr. Fleet. 
Larry: (Tune, Lazy Mary) 
I feel like throwing some parts around. 

Parts around, parts around. 
I feel like throwing some parts around. 
Because it makes me happy. 
Throws pan of parts through window 
and on to floor of FPS, where they make a 
resounding clatter. 

Larry and Harry: (Tune, Captain 

Oh, we're the boys from the Squirrel 
We'll put you in a terrible rage, 
When we reject with our little gauge, 
The parts so badly needed. 
Larry: "I feel like jungle music." 
Plays tom-tom effect on bench with vari- 
ous parts. The throbbing grows louder, as 
the curtain falls. 

^f Consnir Rod and Reel Uub 

We are looking forward to big things, 
especially fish, for the year 1939. Last 
year was considered very poor for this sec- 
tion of the country and we are sure many 
records will be broken by members of the 
club this year. 

Now that the tournament is over, Al- 
fred Johnson of the sheet department 
caught nine large bass on lake Henshaw, 
December 10th. The largest weighing five 
pounds, one ounce. He, without question, 
didn't want to show the boys up or hated 
taking a prize in our contest. 

Bill Marckwardt and Don Wilcox 
drifted oceanward in their boat "Patricia" 
a few weeks ago and surprised the crew 
consisting of many club members, by pull- 
ing in a three hundred four pound black 
sea bass. This was the record catch for the 

We hope within a few weeks to have a 
club meeting at which time prizes will be 
awarded the winners of our tournament 
of last year. D.R.K. 

And says the stern parent, "Tell Johnny 
he can mow the lawn today if he feels 
like it . . . and tell him he'd better feel 
like it." 


iVS. I L K 



ConsDiidated Philosophy 

The purpose of life, stated in a sentence 
is simply to get the most out of it and 
to put the most back into it. 

A fellaw doesn't last long on what he has 
done. He's got to keep on "delivering the 

A reputation for good judgment, fair deal- 
ing, truth, and rectitude is itself a 

Sincerity and truth are the basis of every 

To be thrown upon one's own resources 
is to hi cast into the very lap of fortune; 
for our faculties then undergo a de- 
velopment and display an energy of 
which they were previously unsuscepti- 

Whether our salary be large or small re- 
member that love, contentment and 
laughter are free and the reahns of hap- 
piness are not within the contents of 
one's wallet, but within themselves. 

Worry is interest paid on trouble before 
it falls due. 

The conscientious plodder is nearly al- 
ways outdistanced by the fellow tvho 
stops occasionally to analyze and plan. 

To improve the golden moment of oppor- 
tunity and catch the good that is within 
our reach, is the great art of life. 

Think that day lost luhosc slow descend- 
ing Sun views from thy hand no noble 
action done. 

In the humblest mortal there is a throne 
room. Its door unfolds silently, magi- 
cally, whenever one dares to be cre- 
atively useful; to benefit his kind by 
breaking new paths, building new 
structures, awakening new deeds and 
restoring new ideals. 

Life is not so short but that there is a!- 
ivays time for courtesy. 


The Chemical analysis of the Human Body . . . 

Sulphur enough to rid a dog of fleas. 

Lime enough to whitewash a chicken coop. 

Fat enough for six bars of soap. 

Iron enough for a six-penny nail. 

Phosphorus enough for 20 boxes of matches. 

Sugar enough for 10 cups of coffee. 

Potassium enough to explode a toy cannon. 

TOTAL VALUE— 87 cents. 

That's all you are worth 

—Submitted by R. Weidner. 

GiuE 'em the Hir 

Phone Jackson 9278 Chick Runyon 
for "The Blind Man" 


"Same Day Service" 

University Window Shade Co. 

1023 University Avenue 

WITH the new drop-hammers to be 
installed in the new drop-hammer 
shop, comes the necessity of "giving 'em 
the air," for they're to be pneumatically 
operated and machines of their size require 
considerable compressed air for their op- 
eration. Just as a matter of comparison 
you've probably had to tussle with the 
air requirements of a flat tire on a lonely 
road and in so doing you had to supply 
roughly a cubic foot of air at somewhere 
around 40 pounds to the square inch and 
it probably took you in the neighborhood 
of five minutes to cram the air into the 
tire via a hand pump. No little work was 
involved as you well know. . . . 

To supply the new hammers, however, 
you really climb into the big figures and 
your little cubic foot of air at 40 pounds 
looks rather weak. The hammers can lift 
a die weighing several tons many times a 
minute, and they do it with compressed 
air. To satisfy the needs of the machines. 
Bill Maloney and his crew of plant en- 
gineers spent considerable time planning, 
consulting and arranging. The outcome 
was the installation of the big, new, two- 
stage Worthington air compressor now lo- 
cated just north of the main plant building 
boilers. This single machine, powered with 
a 200-horsepower electric motor, is cap- 
able of delivering 1,150 cubic feet of air 
compressed to 100 pounds to the square 
inch, per minute, and will keep this up 
continuously. It is now fully connected 
with the compressed air system of the 
plant and comfortably doubles the former 
potential air compressor capacity. 

The older compressors are four in num- 
ber. Three single-stage compressors have a 
capacity of 22 5 cubic feet at 100 pounds 
to the square inch per minute, and the 
remaining compressor 450 cubic feet per 
minute. The output is thus 1,12 5 cubic 
feet per minute from these compressors, 
as against the 1,150 for the big new two- 

Installing such a big piece of machinery 
and getting it hooked into an existing air 
system, isn't just an over-night task. A 
complete system must be laid, foundations 
must be specially constructed and there 
are many considerations which at first 
glance do not come to mind. Into the 
foundations went 27 cubic yards of con- 
crete, or sufficient concrete for over 100 
yards of double, two-foot wide driveway, 
3 inches thick. To anchor down the com- 
pressor, 28 bolts were used, and an ad- 
ditional 8 for the motor. These were run 
thru three-inch pipes about three feet 

long, set vertically in the foundations. 
They were secured at the bottom of the 
pipes and were free to be sprung to any 
side of the pipe at the top. When set in 
their proper locations, pipe and all, the con- 
crete of the foundation was poured around 
them. When the concrete was hard and 
ready for the machine, the compressor was 
lowered into place. It was then possible to 
spring each bolt as necessary to get it to 
fit and to take care of any irregularity in 
the concrete pouring. Slipped onto the 
bolts, the compressor was leveled up with 
wedges somewhat above the set concrete, 
and then grout was run in under all por- 
tions of the complete assembly and down 
into each pipe. The foundation thus be- 
came one solid piece, perfectly level and 
with the concrete holding the bolts from 
every angle. 

Had the bolts been anchored directly 
in the concrete at the outset in all prob- 
ability considerable trouble would have 
been experienced in slipping the heavy 
machinery down over them. With the 
bolts anchored in the pipes, but left free 
to swing however, no difficulty was en- 

The big compressor, works on the two- 
stage principle. Air, sucked from the 
filters near the roof thru a ten-inch pipe, 
enters the first stage compression cylinder 
and emerges at about 28 pounds to the 
square inch. It then passes thru an inter- 
cooler to the second, or high compression 
cylinder. From the second cylinder it 
emerges at a pressure of 100 pounds to 
the square inch and considerably warmed. 
You've probably noticed that in com- 
pressing your little cubic foot of air in 
your tire, that the walls of the pump near 
the discharge end, became considerably 
warmed. This same thing happens in the 
big compresor, only more so. If the normal 
air temperature is about 72 degrees at 
the intake of the compressor, it comes out 
of the high compression cylinder in the 
neighborhood of 3 50 degrees, despite the 
fact that it has been cooled by the 
inter-cooler between stages of compres- 
sion. To bring the air temperature down 
from 3 50 degrees it is passed thru an 
after-cooler. Water circulates thru the 
after-cooler as the coolant and reduces 
the air temperature to about 78 degrees. 

The water used in cooling the air is of 
course heated in passing thru the coolers 
and is piped from here to the anodic de- 
partment for use in the washing and rinse 
tanks and also to the plating department 
before it is discharged. By this means the 

January, 1939 

Above: Those responsible for the installation of the new compressor, left to right, Robert Combe, Joe 
GiovanoU, Henry Fink, plant engineer "Bill" Maloney, Jim Kite and, kneeling, Levi Ulery. The high 
compression cylinder is on the left, low compression cylinder on the right, and intercooler overhead. 
Below: Ulery tightening up on one of the compressor's control lines on the large first stage compression 
cylinder. The two hundred H.P. motor is to the right and the housing for the flywheel in the center. 

water serves a dual purpose, cooling the 
air and providing warm water. 

Since water in compressed air is unde- 
sirable from many angles and would cause 
considerable trouble, particularly in spray 
painting, it is trapped out at both the 
inter-cooler and the after-cooler. It is also 
trapped out in many other locations thru- 
out the plant to prevent its entry into 
machinery and spray guns. The air thus 
delivered to any portion of the plant and 
put into use, has been wrung quite dry. 

There are several automatic features of 
the big compressor which are of added in- 
terest: While the 200 horsepower driving 
motor has plenty of power, starting up 
against a pressure of 100 pounds to the 
square inch is not as easy as it sounds. 
The total pressure in the two cylinders 
mounts to several tons and would throw a 
tremendous load on both the motor and 
the electrical system. The compressor is 
fitted with a device which makes this 

initial load unnecessary, however. This is 
an automatic unloader which cuts out the 
pressure when the compressor is stopped 
and keeps it out until it has gained motion. 
At operating speed the inertia of the large 
flywheel smooths out the peak loading 
against the motor, resulting from the 
compression, and helps to carry over this 
point. The unloader is also made so that 
the compressor can be run entirely with- 
out loading. Or it can be set to operate 
at 257(, 50'/,,, 75';; or lOOf}^ capacity 
and thus operate economically. 

On Friday, December 10th the big 
compressor was run without load for a 
number of hours so that the cylinders 
could be "run-in" and all devices checked 
for proper functioning. Now, all slicked 
up, anchored securely and connected in 
with the rest of the compressed air supply 
system, the new two-stage compressor, 
when the demand comes, is all set to, "Give 
'em the air." 

Consairians Hbout Touun 

By Fink 

JAMES A. HURLEY died suddenly on 
November 19th. He is survived by his 
wife and two daughters. James Hurley, 
Jimmy to us, worked with us for about 
two years. Jimmy was extremely well 
liked, a fine fellow and a good sport. We, 
friends of Jimmy's, are deeply moved by 
his sudden parting and ofFer our heartfelt 
sympathies to his wife and children. 

"Red" Duffy, Tank Dept., seems to 
have had the luck of the Irish turn 
against him. With that bowling score of 
100 and the 13 to 7 defeat of Notre Dame 
by U. S. C, Duffy's luck just about gave 

"Brad" Bradshaw, man-about-town, 
horse race authority, small bet maker, 
and wanta-buy-a-chance man, has now 
added another money-making scheme to 
his list. He is now an Automobile Insur- 
ance Salesman. Brad ought to put an 
ad in the Comolidator, it might help his 

"Bill" Gramse, Draw Bench Dept., can 
hz found each evening at home listening 
to Amos and Andy, so that he will have 
something funny to tell the Draw Bench 
Morning Congressional Delegation. Our 
congress convenes at seven-thirty at the 
sound of the musical t-o-o-t. 

"Tex" Graham, Draw Bench Dept., 
former employee of a cleaning establish- 
ment lived up to his former trade. Tex 
took some of the boys to the cleaners on 
that Notre Dame-Univ. of Southern Calif, 
game. I hope you get what I mean. 

Policeman: As soon as I saw you come 
around the bend I said to myself. "Forty- 
five at least." 

Woman Driver: "How dare you? It's 
this hat that makes me look so old." 

Says we to the caddy. "What was the 
score on that last hole? I can't remember." 
Replies the heartless wretch, "Musta been 
over eight. You'll remember if you ever 
get that low." 




one Older charged CALL FRANK 

Lir. 6233 



By Browne 

THE Wing Bowling Team stands well 
in line for the championship of Con- 
sair. Capt. Earl Edwards averages 170. 
Steve Smith 170. Leo Danner 163. Paul 
Di Guilio 15 8, Wm. Armstrong 151. Fri- 
day, Nov. 9th, it looked as though the 
Wing Bowling Team would win over Pro- 
duction by four lengths, but Armstrong 
fell down on the stretch and we only won 
by three lengths, which was a wide enough 

Whenever Steve Powell slows down 
(very seldom) he stops by his desk for a 
shot of that "High Octane Coffee" he 
keeps in his bottle. 

Craig "Sledgehammer" Clark asked 
"Army" Armstrong to help with some 
building over the week-end. Monday Army 
came in with a smashed thumb. Army 
claims he was five feet away when Sledge- 
hammer Clark struck the blow. 

"Pop Gun" Petit and "Hairless Her- 
rick" Drake of the Tails are reported to 
b; joining the National Guard Anti-Air- 
craft Division. Why build 'em if you're 
going to shoot 'em down, boys? 

Stephen Powell: go to a show twice a 
week. Stephen Smith: to learn to like San 
Diego cops. Henry Hatch: to start an A-1 
junk yard. Leo Klingenmeier: to spend my 
money on a new home instead of the boys' 
hot tips. Charlie Wegner: to have only 
one boss at home, myself. Frank Heide- 
mann: no more bets. Dick Bartlett no more 
flat jokes. Elmer Gahlbeck: no more hair- 
cuts from wife. Jack Campbell: to play 
horses. Tommy Guarnotta: xcas going to 
play. Ray Brady: to start another Hill- 
billy Band. L. Mineah: stop beating 'round 
the Mulberry bush! Jack Horner: buy 
three new cars. Bill Bowlen: to let a real 
mechanic fix his car. 

Earl Sheehan of the rivet crib is to be 
commended on the black and silver ciga- 
rette urns that made their appearance at 
various spots recently. They are of unique 
design and were finished in a workmanlike 
manner. Without being told, it is im- 
possible to recognize the containers that 
once delivered primer to the plant. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Jensen on 
December 14th, a J'/i pound baby boy 
. . . Richard Leslie. Congratulations Mr. 
and Mrs. Jensen! 

"Baby Dumpling," Hopman, was in- 
itiated Saturday, Dec. 12th, into the Royal 
Order of the Abalone, when he was 
washed off a rock and into the cold deep 
blue sea. John and two other club mem- 
bers, Roger Johnson and Ronald Miller 

were gathering the much-sought-after 
abalone. Seventy-six were bagged. Also 
several barked shins. 

Kelman Aiken of the finish parts stores 
wishes to thank the planning department 
for their expression of sympathy on the 
occasion of his recent bereavement. 

"Ten Nights in a Barroom" is very 
amusing but 5 1 weeks in the Inspection 
Crib is too long for my parts to stay, 
remarks Eddie Kellogg, so Boeing says: 
"Get th: mould and cobwebs off those 
parts. Von Meeden, as we must get Eddie 
off on that vacation or he will be spend- 
ing it in some quiet and secluded sani- 

Shades of Doc. Dafoe! Frank Learman, 
on the morning of Dec. 9th, found he was 
the recipient of a blessed event. And most 
probably the event took place right in his 
office, from all we can gather! The hum- 
mingbird (for it is gross inefficiency for 
a bird the size of the illustrious stork to 
deliver mouses to a mise) had deposited 
the three infant cat food inside a box of 
tissue residing in Frank's desk. Advice to 
those who get colds and use tissue, is not 
to have them or get a good one so that 
the whole box of tissue will be used up 
quickly. Lloyds of London, we understand, 
have just increased the rates of insurance 
against mouse triplets being born Inside 
office desks! 

Our genial reporter of affairs in finish. 
Max Goldman, recently took a week out 
to have his tonsils yanked. While he 
couldn't put out his full vocal power for 
a time, he missed most his desire to eat. 
Fortunately there has been no let-up in 
his reporting due to the tonsillectomy and 
some of his reporting appears in this issue. 

THiL spins 

It's better for a woman to be two- 
faced than to be double-chinned. 

There is no fool like an old fool acting 
like a young fool. 

There is never much to see in a small 
town but what you hear makes up for it. 

According to evolution, monkeys de- 
veloped into men and ever since women 
have been trying to make monkeys out 
of them. 

No doubt we'd have another sort of 
sit-down strike if the hens found out 
what the masons are getting for laying 

The reason old maids never learned to 
fiddle is because they never had a beau. 
James Harvey Roberts, 4402. 

[ROOKS and 

By Ken Whitney and Petrin A. Carlson 
Engineering Department 

THERE have been lots of arguments 
about the question, "What is the most 
important part of an airplane?" Well, 
without the one, the other would not make 
the complete airplane. What is generally 
overlooked, the, is the plumbing. 

How important it is to have a reliable 
tube installation. Like the veins of the 
human body carrying the life-blood to 
maintain life, so do tubes in an airplane 
distribute fuel and oil to the engines to 
keep them going, to maintain flight. Tubes 
are also used to carry the information to 
the brain (pilot) to see that the operation 
is unfaltering. 

The fuel in our PBY boats is supplied to 
the engines in %-inch and 1-inch out- 
side diameter tubing with .049-inch wall. 
Thru the tubes at times flow as much as 
15 gallons per hour. In extreme cases, 
even more to each engine. That means that 
the speed of the gasoline thru the pipes is 
as high as 195 feet per minute. Now if 
we compare that with an average auto- 
mobile and say we are driving at about 
50 miles per hour and we get 18 miles per 
gallon, this gives a gas consumption of 
approximately 2% gallons per hour. So 
you can see, the amount of gas flowing 
thru the pipes in the PBY's is considerable. 
The length of pipe used in the fuel system 
is approximately 6 5 feet. 

The engines don't only need gasoline, 
they also require oil for lubrication. This 
oil is supplied to the engines thru from ^^- 
inch diameter to 1 '/S-inch diameter tubing 
depending on where in the oil system the 
tubing is located. The oil flow thru these 
37-foot lines is approximately 10'/^ gal- 
lons per minute. Anyone who kind of 
sniffles at that oil flow ought to be close 
to one of those oil lines, to be cured for 
life, if it would burst. Thru care that is 
e.xercised and tests made at installation, 
there are very remote possibilities that the 
lines will ever burst, thanks to our tube- 
bending department and final assembly. 

If for any reason a fire would start in 
a nacelle, all we do is pull the fire ex- 
tinguisher. The carbon dioxide extin- 
guisher bottle is stored in the hull and the 
gas is "shot" up thru 7/16 diameter tubing 
to any one of the nacelles, whichever is 
on fire. Would it not be too bad if one 
could not depend upon that piping "shoot- 

January, 1939 

ing" the gas up to the engine nacelle? 
There is another 50 feet of piping used up. 
The carbon dioxide gas is stored in the 
bottle at 1800 pounds per square inch. The 
volume of free (at atmospheric pressure) 
carbon dioxide is 61 cubic feet and is dis- 
charged in 7 seconds. 

To prevent ice from forming on the 
wings, tail surfaces and propellers, wing 
and tail de-icers and anti-icers for the 
propellers are used. The medium used to 
operate the de-icers is air. This air is sup- 
plied to the wing and tail boots thru % 
and ^8 diameter tubing. The air has a 
pressure of from 9 to 6 pounds per square 
inch, and the volume required is about 30 
cubic feet of free air per minute. For the % 
diameter tube that would give a speed of 
approximately 13,000 feet per minute or 
150 m.p.h. (miles per hour) for the air 
in the exhaust pipe, which is a pretty good 
"wind." To hold down weight to a mini- 
mum such small tubing as % and Ys is 
used. The only reason for being able to do 
so, is the minimum amount of sharp 
bends of the tubing at installation, so the 
pressure drop is held down to a minimum. 
Of course the use of a minimum amount 
of sharp bends is true for all piping. 

The anti-icer for the propeller is a 
fluid (78'7f alcohol and 22% glycerine by 
weight or 8 5 parts alcohol and 1 5 parts 
glycerine) supplied thru Y4 diameter tub- 
ing from a pump to a slinger ring on the 
propeller hub. This slinger ring throws out 
the fluid on the propeller blades, and thus 
prevents ice from forming and sticking to 
the propeller. Total amount of piping used 
for the de-icer and anti-icer system is ap- 
proximately 300 feet. 

The instrument or "brain" lines are all 
the lines connected from a measuring in- 
strument to a source whose function wants 
to be known. So we have the fuel pressure, 
oil pressure, engine manifold pressure, pitot 
and static lines, etc. To the instrument lines 
belong also the vacuum lines, which con- 
nect from the vacuum pump to the flight 
instrument driven by vacuum. The pres- 
sure lines are 3/16 and I/4-inch diameter 
and the vacuum lines J/2 and % diameter. 
Length of instrument lines used is ap- 
proximately 375 feet. 

Due to vibration, tubes connecting to 
engines or instruments on shock mounted 
instrument panels have to have flexible 
connections. There we use short lengths 
of hose to connect the stiff line and engine 
or instrument. For convenience of installa- 
tion, hoses are also used. Approximately 
45 feet of hose is used. 

Adding up the piping and the hoses we 
have approximately 872 feet. Although 
most of it does not carry much pressure 

Upper — For the sake of the picture, a Rube 
Goldbergh arrangement of PBY tubes. Nine of the 
tube pieces shown are dural, one is copper and two 
are rubber. The rubber are the two entwined on 
the left, one of which comes out of the large 
tube. The copper tube crosses over the large tube 

Below — Installation of tubes in the superstruc- 
ture nose of the commercial No. 2 PBY Note 
hose couplings and bonding braids. 

and it is frail looking, particularly the 
3/16 and '/4-inch, the 3/16 tubing has a 
bursting pressure of 9,2 50 pounds per 
square inch, and the !4-inch 7,500 pounds 
per square inch and JA-inch 5,340 pounds 
per square inch. 

Taking the number of different lines 
that must run thru the center section 
leading edge and the superstructure as 
typical examples, it is easily recognized 
that, without marking of the lines it 
would be hard and tedious to follow up 
and check the lines for right connections. 
Therefore a standard has been made up for 
line marking. It consists of painted bands 
around the pipes. These bands are painted 
around the pipes ever so often. Fuel is 
marked with red, oil yellow, fire extin- 
guisher lines brown, airspeed black, mani- 
fold pressure lines white-light blue (two 
bands, one white and one light blue, one 
next to the other), vacuum white-light 
green, etc. 

In the past, installation of tubing has 
usually been the last thing considered in 
an airplane design, because it has been 
possible to route tubing around struc- 
ture and equipment. The latter being 
located in the positions preferred for 
its usage and serviceability. We are 
fortunate in having a good "Pretzel" 
department where crooks and curves 
are everyday creations and where a 
straight tube is a challenge to their ability. 

No matter what the shape of the tube, 
it has to be carefully supported to mini- 
mize vibration of the structure and tub- 
ing. Excessive vibration would cause fail- 
ure of tubing and may cause a forced land- 
ing. Supports are not only used as such, 
they are also used if possible to make elec- 
tric contact or bonding, to the structure. 
Bonding is made to equalize the electric 
charges between all parts of the airplane. 
This is very necessary to reduce the static 
interference with the radio, to eliminate 
the possibilities of sparks going from one 
part to the other burning structure and 
possibly cause fire, and for personal safety. 

In the new designs the tendency is to 
go to larger engines and more instruments, 
consequently there will be more and larger 
piping. At the same time, to get the 
maximum performance out of the air- 
plane a minimum amount of room is al- 
lowed for piping. Therefore the piping is 
worked out in the mock-up stage of the 
airplane and considered together with the 
structure and equipment. That way the 
tubing will have a minimum amount of 
bends, which means shorter lengths and 
less weight. The ultimate goal is to change 
the "Pretzel Department" into a "Tube 
Cutting Department." 


But the whole situation has changed, 
where once we were an eligible receiver, 
we are now a passer. As a somewhat un- 
dersized Santa Claus, we hold the sack for 
a pair of offspring whose tastes run to ties 
with dots in them, suits with stripes in 
them, and envelopes with checks in them. 

And said the light housekeeping inmate 
of the boarding house. "Imagine that cat 
cutting the butter with a knife to make it 
look as if the landlady had stolen it." 




By T. m. Hemphill 

SOME time ago the author wrote 
"Nature Prefers Flying Boats" point- 
ing out the fact that nature has generously 
dotted the country with lakes, rivers and 
reservoirs suitable for landing flying boats. 
At the time of the first writing, only those 
suitable water bodies below 3 8° latitude 
were shown. The accompanying map gives 
a more complete picture of the situation. 
Each circle shown indicates a body of 
water suitable for taking off or landing a 
large flying boat. All the suitable bodies 
of water are not shown. In some places 
they are so numerous, that the map would 
appear solid black if an attempt were 
made to indicate them all. Only the largest 
are shown in such cases. These are nature's 
seaport landing fields. Unfortunately, it 
appears to be a peculiar trait of men that 
th:y must do everything the hard way at 
least until competition with the elements 
or with other men forces them to take 
the natural course and we who build and 
fly aircraft are no exceptions. We are not 
going to take advantage of nature's sea- 
ports as long as we can exercise our skill 
and brawn providing airports even though 
in some instances our ingenuity is taxed 
to the limit to find a location which is at 
all suitable and practical. 

As this country was developed at a 
time when transportation was still quite 
a problem our forefathers could not ignore 
nature's advantages and were of necessity 
forced to found their cities at points ac- 
cessible by water. Consequently it is not 
surprising to find that our oldest and 
largest cities have fine harbors conveniently 
located to the heart of the town. People 
still do not go places where there isn't 
water, they can't. There must be at least 
a reservoir wherever there are any consid- 
erable number of people. Usually there are 
several large enough to land in. Why 
build airports? 

Returning to the map, it is hard to 
pick a route across the country which 
does not have "seaports" as frequently 
spaced as the airline airports, and these 
seaports for the most part are free. How 
much easier it would have been from the 
beginning to have employed flying boats 

on the transcontinental routes with 
smaller flying boats serving as feeders. 
There is hardly a point on the whole map 
which could not easily be reached by 
water craft or at least by a combination 
of water craft and car. Even summer re- 
sorts of any consequence are usually lo- 
cated on lakes or secluded bodies of 
water, easily accessible by air. It can be 
said in general that where there are peo- 
ple there is also water. 

If our airlines had developed around 
flying boats instead of land planes other 
problems which have arisen would not 
have done so. For example, our coastwise 
airlines fly over the ocean, at least over 
part of their routes. While this practice is 
safe enough because of the reserve of 
power carried, there is always the possibil- 
ity, however remote, of having to land 
at the nearest convenient spot which 
would be the water's edge. Unfortunately 
this inviting spot is usually rough enough 
to make short work of any land plane. 

It might be supposed at first that sea- 
planes operating over land are in similar 
straits. However, this is not the case. In 
an extreme emergency, land planes will 
land on their belly with the wheels re- 
tracted because, by experience, this has 
proven to be the safer method. Flying 
boats are well suited to this type of land- 
ing since their hull bottom is designed 
to withstand landing shocks. In fact, sea- 
planes are more suited to emergency land- 
ing on land than landplanes are because 
the part that is designed for landing (the 
hull bottom) takes the shock. The wings, 
tail, propellers and other parts which 
must be designed to clear the water, will 
also clear the ground and small protuber- 
ances in an emergency landing on land. 
Consequently, these parts will not catch 
and cause the ship to careen around into 
some unfavorable or destructive attitude. 
This IS not the case with a landplane with 
its landing gear retracted, when the clear- 
ances becomes less for the emergency 

There have already been several instances 
of flying boats making forced landings on 
land and in no such case, to the author's 

knowledge, has there been a serious in- 
jury. A Consolidated Commodore oper- 
ated by Pan American Airways was forced 
to land in a clearing in Cuba. No one was 
injured. The story goes that one of the 
passengers riding in a Commodore at a 
later date accosted the pilot and related 
his part in the event. The pilot remarked 
that it was quite a coincidence for said 
he, "I was the pilot of that ship," "and," 
he said after a pause "This is the ship." 

A Navy patrol boat was recently 
landed on a beach in San Diego with no 
one injured. And even more recently, an 
amphibian landed at the Glendale airport 
with wheels up, "without a scratch." The 
intentional daily landings and take-offs 
of the Cub seaplane on the grass airport at 
the Cleveland Air Races also bears witness 
to the fact that the procedure is not un- 
duly hazardous. 

The realization that flying boats over- 
land is not hazardous cannot help but be- 
come more widespread when Uncle Sam's 
newest and fastest Dreadnaught of the Air, 
the Consolidated XPB2Y-1 is on short 
notice ordered to proceed across the United 
States from San Diego to Anacostia. The 
return flight, also made overland, was 
flown over an entirely different route 
showing that the Naval navigators were 
fully aware of the numerous landing 
places available. Another factor of con- 
siderable importance is that the landings 
at the termination of both flights were 
made at night without any elaborate pre- 
paration such as is necessary for the usual 
landplane landing. 

Commercial operation of land trans- 
ports has meant that a great deal of money, 
time and effort has been spent in their 
development. Consequently the develop- 
ment of landplanes has preceded that of 
flying boats by a considerable margin. 
Only recently have flying boats begun to 
have the clean strutless appearance that 
landplanes have shown for the past eight 
years. Flying boats have more or less 
copied the developments that were dem- 
onstrated on landplanes. Although this is 
still being done, the gap between the de- 
velopments is rapidly closing. Whether 
or not flying boats will attain the prac- 
tical speed of landplanes is still a moot 
question, however, it is becoming evident 

January, 1939 

that flying boats are likely to far out- 
strip landplanes in load carrying capacity 
which is equally as important as speed. 
The superior load carrying capacity of 
flying boats is due to the fact that large 
take-off areas which are necessary for 
highly loaded aircraft, are already avail- 
able. We do not have to wait for the de- 
velopment of suitable airports before we 
can increase the load carrying efficiency 
of flying boats. 

This situation has not just occurred. 
The opportunity to operate flying boats 
commercially without a great deal of air- 
port preparation has existed all along. 
The point is that this opportunity still 
exists. There are many points which could 
be served by flying boats which can never 
afford to support an adequate flying field. 
Air transportation is still in its infancy 
and even though it has been growing by 
leaps and bounds, the next ten years will 
probably see undreamed-of expansion. 

Nature has already provided the ground 
facilities for expansion of flying boat air- 
ways and whoever takes advantage of them 
is likely to profit thereby. Nature still pre- 
fers flying boats. 


THE December meeting at the La 
Jolla Grammar School was well at- 
tended. Nearly 50 persons enjoyed Col. 
Hoffman's moving pictures of parachutes 
and "Woody" Brown's colored movies of 
gliding and surfing. Plans for the New 
Year's Meet at Torrey Pines were dis- 
cussed and invitations have been sent to 
the Los Angeles clubs. 

Jay Buxton's 2 -place "Transport," 
Sandborn's 2-place "Grunau," Bowlus 
with his "Albatross," and Stevens with his 
"Ross-Stevens Special," which won laurels 
at Elmira last year, have promised to at- 
tend. Competitions for distance soaring 
will depend on the wind, but in any event 
there will be duration flights, spot landing 
contests and motorless aerobatics, and 
passenger flights will be featured thru the 
three days of the meet, December 31, 
■January 1st and January 2nd. 

The field is located on Torrey Pines 

Mesa, one mile north of Scripps Institute 

and is easily reached by auto or plane. 

Jerry Litell, 

Mach. Shop Inspection. 

liue and Learn! 

In view of the recent interest in just 
how old a pilot must become before he 
"loses his grip", the following note from 
a report on the effect of high altitude 
flying is interesting: "Tests have also in- 
dicated that older aviators, that is those 
over 45 years of age, have shown relatively 
few symptoms from the effects of altitude 
alone. Older subjects studied showed more 
stable cardio-vascular responses to oxygen 
deprivation or altitude than the younger 
ones and in general were less susceptible 
to collapse or fainting. In this connection, 
it is also desired to point out one airline 
has recently found thru tests that pilots 
of this age appear to be less susceptible to 
fatigue after prolonged flights." 

"It's just ten years this Christmas since 
my wife went out to buy a loaf of bread, 
and she has never come back," said the old 
fellow sadly. "What do you think I ought 
to do?" With deep sympathy his boyhood 
buddy replied, "Guess ye'll jest have to go 
out and buy one yourself, Jim." 



OOD morning Mr. Ryan and 
' how are you?" 

"Just fine, Larry, and what's more I'm 
celebrating an anniversary. It's just a year 
since I was assigned here at Consolidated 
as an inspector of Naval Aircraft." 

"Is that the only reason for the big 
smile today?" 

"No, but you'd be feeling swell too, 
Larry, if besides celebrating you had just 
been up in the big "X" job. That Flying 
Dreadnaught handles easier than any cloud 
pusher I ever flew in. I can't figure it all 
out. And, Boy, when they give her the 
"ink' do you get a kick in the pants. Wow!" 

"You mean you had a ride in the big 
Four-Engined job today?" 

"Yes, sir, and how I hated to come down. 
That's what I call a real airplane." 

"It's good to hear those words from a 
veteran flyer like yourself, Pete. I'll bet 
you have handled plenty in your flying 









^^^^■13 1 




, Jllkt y^ 



alongside a Consolidated N.Y. du 
days at North Island. 

locGinc n miuion miiES 

"It's a long story, but I guess if I had my 
chance to do over again I'd be right in 
there 'doing chores' for the good old United 
States Navy." 

"When did you first join up, Pete?" 

"It was in 1904. I was just sixteen and 
the Navy looked like a fine opportunity. 
I was living in Boston at the time. I was 
sent to school on shore to complete my 
high school studies and had to return to 
my ship every evening. At that time I was 
trying for an Annapolis appointment." 

"Did you make it?" 

"No, I got a wild idea about going into 
business and bought out after three years." 

"You came out to the coast about that 
time. How was business?" 

"Well, there just wasn't any. Not know- 
ing what to do with my spare time I got 
lined up with a crowd of early day flyers 
and we formed the Los Angeles Flying 
Club. I did learn to fly, but the thought 
of those old contraptions just about give 
you the creeps." 

"Some of those old crates were pretty 
terrible to look at but after all they did 
fly and we wouldn't have been able to ad- 
vance to the present day designs unless 
the bugs were worked out of the old 

"Yes, I believe you are right. We did 
learn an awful lot on every flight we made. 
I must tell you it was really a thrill in 
those days. Our club was invited to per- 
form here in San Diego Exposition in 

1915. We trucked our equipment down 
from Los Angeles. Old 101 highway wasn't 
much to speak of in those days with its 
steep, winding grades and hairpin turns. 
We had to unload our trucks at least seven 
times in order to make some of the turns. 
We flew from the field at North Island 
and gave many exhibitions during our 
stay here." 

"What were you flying, Pete?" 

"We had old Curtiss Pushers." 

"You must have had your eyes on Navy 
Aviation activities about that time." 

"Yes I did." 

"When did you enlist again?" 

"In 1916. I knew the Navy was plan- 
ning on more extensive flying operations 
and I had heard about the work at Pensa- 
cola. I joined up again and due to my fly- 
ing activities I was assigned to the Ma- 
chinists' School at Pensacola." 

"That was about the time great naval 
aviators like Towers, Bellinger, Read and 
Richardson were taking flight instructions 
wasn't it?" 

"Yes it was. We had some very novel 
experiences flying those old boats around. 
You would never know when something 
would let go." 

"You seem to have come thru it all in 
good shape." 

"Well maybe so, but I've had a few 
close ones. One time at Pensacola a pair 
of pliers got jammed into an elevator con- 
trol sheave. It was impossible to pull the 


controls back and we headed for the wet- 
test part of the bay faster than any pelican 
ever lit out after a herring. That old 
wooden hull just went to pieces and the 
motors are probably still going. Nobody 
got hurt so we just called it a day and for- 
got about it." 

"You mean that was your only upset?" 

"Well, yes and no. I think the time I 
tried to eliminate the Hawaiian Police De- 
partment was a much worse crash. I ran 
a swell second in that affair." 

"Say, Pete, what about your wartime 
service? Were you doing any flying?" 

"Yes, I was. The Navy built a flight 
deck on the U.S.S. Huntington. We had 
six Curtiss R6 planes on board. They were 
float equipt biplanes with low horsepower 
motors. We operated from the first cata- 
pult installation the Navy had. Boy, those 
take-offs were terrific. The little truck 
the planes rested on during their little ride 
over the side always went overboard and it 
was always necessary^ to lower a boat to 
salvage them." 

"Where were you operating at the 

"Mostly doing convoy work between 
Halifax and French ports. On one trip 
we had aboard a load of diplomats and 
Col. House and his staff. The German subs 
had us spotted and we poured shot after 
shot at them. I doubt if we hit the subs. 

January, 1939 


but the concussion from our own gun fire 
damaged our planes so badly we had to 
take them off on our return to New York." 

"That was too bad." 

"Yes, but we were due for a change 
anyway. The short range, low horsepow- 
ered planes were of little use in the rough, 
soupy North Atlantic. I was sent to Key 
West to organize a flying school and re- 
mained there until the Armistice was 
signed. After that I was sent to Rockaway, 
Long Island, where I had charge of the 
mechanics getting the NC planes ready 
for the trans-Atlantic hop. I stayed at 
Rockaway until they closed the station 
in 1920." 

"That certainly must have been an in- 
teresting period." 

"It was, but I was then transferred to 
Pensacola to attend the flight class. I 
graduated in 1921 and my first assign- 
ment was to Anacostia where I acted as 
second pilot on the Secretary of the Navy's 

"That sounds to me like a very pleasant 
sort of assignment." 

"It was, but it didn't last very long. In 
1922 I was detailed to organize a squadron 
for the China Station." 

"Is that where you met the great 
Chinese tailor?" 

"Yes sir, good old McGee in Chee Foo." 

"I heard you received a commendation 
from the Commandant of the Fourth 
Naval District for your successful flight 
into Lockhaven, Pennsylvania, with Ty- 
phoid Serum during the disastrous floods 
in 1936." 

"Oh, yes, I did but it didn't seem like 
much of an assignment until I started to 
look for a spot to land on. I finally found 
a spot about the size of a pocket hand- 
kerchief and set the Vought S.U. down. 
I became bogged immediately and had to 
remain with the ship three days until the 
ground became dry enough to take off 
and return to Philadelphia. It was all in 
the day's work." 

"Nevertheless, Pete, it took careful 
manoeuvering with that slow landing 
plane to do that job and you should be 
commended for your efforts because you 
no doubt saved many lives." 

"Did you see any service on the big 

"Yes, I helped organize and put into 
commission both the Saratoga and the 

"They are just about the last word in 
Aircraft Carriers. It sure is a pleasant 
sight to see them operating." 

"You probably flew a lot of Consoli- 
dated planes. How did they impress you?" 

"Very good. In 1928 I was sent out here 

to the Naval Air Station at North Island 
as a flying instructor. We used Consoli- 
dated NY jobs and many an hour I spent 
with students in those highly efficient 
training planes." 

"How many hours have you logged?" 

"Sixty-six hundred hours." 

"Why, Pete, that's close to a million 
miles in the air." 

"Yes, maybe it is about that many 
miles, but some of those hours were in test 
jobs and they were awful long hours, if 
you get what I mean." 

"Where were you stationed at that 

"I was one of the Test Pilots at the 
Naval Aircraft Factory in Philadelphia. 
I remained there until my enlistment 
period ended." 

"I'll bet that was interesting work and 
plenty tough." 

"Yes, at times, but never as tough as 
Clark Gable can make it look in the 

"Well, Pete, I envy you. You sure have 
had a most colorful life so far in aviation. 
It's good to see you in the business you 
like so well and I hope we can talk over 
a lot more anniversaries together." 

"You bet we will. So long, I'll be seeing 

"So long, Pete, and happy landings." 


By Hep 

THE following ad appeared in one of 
our local newspapers: 

Lost, strayed or stolen, 14-lb Tom Tur- 
key. Finder please return to Johnny Hop- 
man, 3649 Crestwood Place. Reward, one 

George Wire claims he looks just like 
Clark Gable, since he grew that moustache. 
We'll agree with him in one respect. His 
ears are big enough. 

What Hull employee, who recently 
tangled with an electric saw, was seen 
chasing Leo Carrillo all over the Foreign 
Club, trying to get his autograph. 

The boys in the Hull Department ex- 
tend their sympathy to Chas. Mayers in 
view of his recent sorrow. 

Al Adkinson received a phone call 
the other morning, from his wife, warn- 
ing him not to drink the coffee from his 
thermos bottle as she had discovered that 
their young daughter had put a pair of 
his socks in the percolator that morning. 
He felt fine until he realized he had drunk 
the same coffee that morning for break- 
fast. He has never been the same since. 

Congratulations on the arrival of a 
seven and one-half pound boy in the S. B. 

Jensen family, Dec. 14, 1938. The name: 
Richard Leslie. 

Some of the boys in the Hull Depart- 
ment had been planning a boar hunting 
trip to the Santa Cruz Islands. The plan 
was to have a feast of boar meat for all 
the boys in the Hull Department who 
would raise a moustache. They were 
warned, however, to be careful not to 
wound a boar, but kill him outright with 
the first shot or it would be just too bad 
as one squeal will bring the entire pack 
charging. Russ Kern decided that he could 
easily outrun them. Glenn Hotchkiss was 
sure he could shoot his way out. We asked 
George Wire what he would do. He seemed 
very sure of himself. He said he would 
talk his way out as he usually did when he 
got into trouble. However, I've been told 
the boys have all changed their minds. 
They decided that just plain pork was 
plenty good enough. 

Many of the boys have nicknames in 
the Hull Department. After much con- 
sideration we have decided that the prize, 
a gold-plated, crocheted bathtub, would 
be awarded to Johnny Hopman. In case 
you haven't heard his nickname it is 
"Dumpling." Yoo! Hoo! Dumpling. 

Recent investigation shows us that we 
have a "dark horse" coming from behind 
in the "moustache contest." Gordon Shoop 
is forging ahead rapidly with his combina- 
tion moustache and goatee. 

Write for 
RLCIPE BOOK. Contains 47 ways- 
to serve Breast-0'-Chi(ke» tuna 
in delicious, hot, big-family meals. 


San DicRO, Californn 

1 his fancy solid pack tuna 
makes a nourishing, family- 
size meal Be sure you get 
Breast-O'-Chicken brand tuna 
fish. Look for the Good 
Housekeeping Seal on every tin. 




We wonder what Otto (Flying Dutch- 
man) Roechel thought when the gas tank 
went boom (a terrific boom at that) . . . 
Back in the front hnes again Otto? 

The case of missing hacksaw frame has 
finally been solved by those two daring 
Sherlocks, Kurt Kruger and Bill Thomas. 
Any sleuthing you can throw their way 
will be taken right in stride. 

Ray Craft and his two-quart thermos 
bottle have become an institution. We 
only hope the last drop is good too! Eh, 

Having settled the "Ham and Egg" 
question, Stan Piontek and Frank Kastelic 
are now engrossed in the noontime dis- 
cussion of Technocracy. They have also 
involved Geo. Draper and Frank Sechrist, 
all of whom have become ardent arguers, 
pro and con. No. 3420. 


By Max Goldman 

James Vaugh has returned after being 
off for two weeks on account of the 
removal of his tonsils. He is feeling spry 
and happy now. Congratulations on your 
speedy recovery. 

Orville Hubbard was off a week with 
an attack of Flu and is now back to 
work hale and hearty. 

Tom Conlin is also back after being 
sick for a week. Congratulations to all 
of you on your speedy recoveries. 

The men of the paint shop are looking 
forward to see when the new canopy 
spray booth will be installed and how it 
will work without forcing the air up 
from the floor to the fans on the ceiling. 

Anyone interested in playing football 
see C. W. Dale in the Covering Depart- 
ment. Average weight should be IS 5 
pounds. This team is being arranged to 
play in the city league next year. 


"There was a young man named McVicker 
Who cared neither for song nor for liquor 

But he tripped to the altar 

And acquired a halter 
And thus he went wrong all the quicker." 

YES, folks, it's really come to pass as 
"scooped" in our October issue. On 
the next to the last day of the year Pee 
Wee McVicker (whose initials G — D — 
stand for Graham Dudley instead of the 
usual thing) took unto him a bride in the 
person of Mary Emily Smith. 

Our friend. Yogi the Mystic, told us 
that we could add to the appeal of this 
column if we spiced it up with a bit of 
poetry; hence the New Year innovation 
at the head of the column. All complaints 
should be filed with Hermann Sonntag's 

While we are still talking about the holi- 
day season, we would like to mention that 
Ben Livers has invited several of his En- 
gineering Department friends over to his 
house to help him play with the electric 
train he bought for his son Jerry for 
Christmas. Last year he bought an electric 
train for the boy, but there was so much 
controversy over it that he provided an 
additional train this Xmas so that they 
could each have one. Any of you engineers 
who are mechanically minded can prob- 
ably arrange a home appointment with 

On several occasions folks have told 
Joe Szakacs that he was thick-skulled but 
it never penetrated to his satisfaction until 
the other day. At noon the lid of his car 
trunk fell on him and then as he was gaz- 
ing at the Model "31" shortly afterward a 
power drill fell off a scafFold and plunked 
him in the same spot but never made a 
blemish. We are told one can still buy tin 
hats if you ever feel yourself going soft, 


by Gazosa 




N U- T A S T E 


Thirsty folk get more 
in the big bottle ■ . 5<^ 

One of the Russian stragglers arrived 
the other day in the person of Felix Kallis. 
He arrived later than some of the others 
because of a visit to his mother in Estonia. 
Of course, we promised last month that 
we would make no more mention of these 
returning "Russians" but we were a bit 
afraid you might not all fill out the blanks 
provided, due to the Christmas rush. 

Most of the fellows thought the finger- 
printing was quite a lengthy ordeal and 
several of them wre discussing it the other 
day in front of Karl Achterkirchen. 
"Shucks," giggled Karl, "that was a lot 
easier than writing my name." 

Since pictures too are now being clipped 
for the "Structures Memorandum" one is 
a bit fearful of picking up an engineering 
periodical these days lest it fall apart in 
his hands. Boys with detective story mag- 
azines do not leave their books lying around 
any more, just in order to preclude the 
solutions of the mysteries from finding 
their way into Ken's scrapbook. 

Anyone with a yen for seeing a bunch 
of old men gamboling about in an effort 
to recapture the glories of youth may wit- 
ness such a spectacle any Sunday morning 
at Presidio Park when Famme's Fainting 
Fumblers engage in the game of touch 
football with the youngsters from Old 
Town. We hear that Pop Warner and Amos 
Alonzo Stagg have written Joe for tryouts. 
The reason Joe Phillips is walking in 
such a jaunty manner these days and hum- 
ming college songs is that the show 
"Brother Rat" just hit town. You see, the 
picture was filmed at V.M.L, Joe's old 
alma mater, and he got another touch of 
the old college spirit. 

Constant dealing with beaching gear, 
floats, and other things nautical has ren- 
dered Wendell "Nomad" Eldred quite 
helpless on land. Recently he started out 
on an innocent Sunday drive to the desert, 
but he got on the wrong road, ran out of 
gas, and finally straggled in with a pair of 
dark circles on Monday noon. Wendell 
said he knew where he was all the time 
because he was right in the car, but he 
explained that the new car was not broken 
in for homing instinct. And another 
thing; the day is past, Wendell, when the 
dealer furnishes a full tank of gas with 
a car purchase. 

Don't say we didn't warn vou. We hear 
that the stork, after being grounded for 
several months due to unsettled conditions. 
IS again hovering over several of our 
friends in the Engineering Department. 
No. 2W. 

"A Scandal," is something that has to 
be bad to be good. 

I ResoIub 


1 . Lloyd Bender: "To shoot no wooden decoys 
during '39." 

1 . Grace Koenig : "To stoy upon the saddle of 
every horse I ride." 

2. Gene Tibbs: "To practice diligently until I can 
read 50 instruments simultaneously and thus 
satisfy all the engineering boys." 

3. Jack Kline: "To find bigger and better Kiddy 
Kars to crank." 

4. Eddie Lang: "To stop fishin' fer bait and 
catch some real ones!" 

4. Bert Bowlinn: "To tell the truth, the whole 
truth, etc., in all future biographies." 

5. George Newman: "To continue, as in the 
post, to fly one of every future model Con- 
solidated mokes." 

6. Sam Seligman: "To cut out shorts and short- 
ages in '39." 

7. Joe Braun : "Move to my new home by Feb. 

8. Lorry Boeing: "To complete my book, 'Bar 
Flies,' so that Max Miller's book will have a 
covering of the watering places, as well as 
the waterfront." 

9. "Bill" Wheatley: "Keep my purchases of used 
cars down to five this year unless I 
find G Stanley Steamer." 

-Herb Ezard: "Not to let the engineers of 
model No. 31 get in my hair." 

. "Doc" Carpenter: "To invite all salesmen who 
phone me while I'm nlocing fertilizer to come 
up for tea!" 

.Jack B. Patton: "To grow a corporation like 

.Harry Von Meeden : "Never to shoot no mo' 
wild burros as they make me feel like a 

. Hank Fink: "Drive with caution a brand new 

. Nick Tuevsky: "To comb my hair every day 
during '39." 

.J. R. McDonald: "Never to take another fin- 
gerprint . . . but I'll bondage all with dex- 

.Steve Smith: "To get on the friendly side of 
the City's traffic officers . . . dagnag 'em!" 

.John Wcsky: "To make no resolutions . . . 
then I can't break 'em!" 

.Don Frye : "To return all cigarettes 'bor- 
rowed' by me in 1938." 

. Gilbert Lance: "To extend my vast goat 
ranch stock to over two head." 

. Frank Lessle: "To imbibe freely (of H..0) 
through 1939." 

. "Cap" Kogler: "To best 'Two Quid Wilson' 
of Toonerville fame." 

. C. A. Van Dusen: "That no more corn silks 
shall burn in my pipe." 

. Irma Robbins: "To learn to do the 'Jitter- 
bug' for the '39 Christmas party." 

1 9. Leo Bourdon: "To throw overboard no more 
anchors . . . without a line attached." 

20. Hank Golem: "Never to suffer the discom- 
forts of duck hunting unless the ducks fly 
post my living room window." 

21. Les Crawford: "To, . . why . er! 
of course." 

22. Tommy Butterfield: "To stop telling of how I 
looped the Taylor Cub, and not to trust a 
welder near our gas tanks!" 

23. Walter Koch: "To out-do Warner Bros, in 

24. Glenn Hotchkiss: "That I'll get a deer this 
year if I have to go to a zoo." 

25. Tom Bunch: "Never again to walk into a 
door knob for a black eye unless I have a 

26. Jim Kelley: "That this year I won't break 
into the dime bonk until I'm positive there 
aren't any candid camera fiends lurking in 
the offing." 

27. Al Ambrose: "I tank I own no more boats." 
28- "Bud" Waterbury: "To trade my jollopy in 

on a new Mercedes- Dusenberg-McCormack- 
Deering Four." 
29. "Benny" Leonard: "To put a real finish on 
amateur geology." 

29. Aubrey Shonberg : "To dress my car top with 
waterproof dressing every time I polish my 

30. Chris Englehardt: "I resolve, for one whole 
year, never to tell of the big ones that got 




HERE we go again folks, putting two 
and two together to get a scandal. 
With this issue we find the passing of the 
football season and our Christmas turkey. 
Fact is, from the shape of the piece I got, 
if that turkey had passed any faster I 
would have had eggs for dinner. 

We notice the fellows really get mellow 
and big-hearted around Christmas time. 
Paul Hoch told his wife about those pretty 
new Buick autos on display and then 
bought her a handkerchief the same color 
as the fenders. Ray Hartmayer purchased 
his wife a necklace and when asked the 
size, cupped his hands and replied "Her 
neck just fits in here." Perry Ogden bought 
for his spouse a new pipe, and the Yule- 
tide tree bore for Mrs. Gimber a necktie 
and pair of suspenders. When interviewed, 
these generous givers remarked "Oh shux, 
twern't nuthin', Christmas only comes 
once a year." 

Chief Mulroy, that man with the blood 
hound instinct who has found everything 
in an aircraft factory except "that little 
yellow basket," when asked about that 
Christmas story in the last issue concerning 
his leaving a bar-room replied "Well at 
least it was said I WALKED out but 
whether the other fellows came out hori- 
zontal or perpendicular, was left to the 
reader's imagination." 

Joe Maloney, after borrowing all the 
overcoats, mufflers, and gloves possible and 
chasing the moths from his red flannels, 
departed to spend his holidays in Buffalo. 
Good luck Joe, if Admiral Byrd can take 
it, so can you. 

Bennie Leonard, foreman of the splash 
and splatter crew, has solved the problem 
of draft prevention in the paint shop when 
a door is left open. He just inserts "Tiny" 
Slattery, 260 pounds of his personnel, in 
the opening. 

Attended the Notre Dame-U. S. C. 
game in Los Angeles along with such 
football notables as Kiegle, Wilkenson, 
Flowers, Robertson and Stewart. We were 
surprised to read that U.S.C. won. So was 


Lou Miller and it is reported he traded in 
his radio for a washing machine to earn 
some extra "potatoes" to pay off. Our 
seats were somewhere in the vicinity of 
Pasadena and Kiegle believed he was 
watching a "flea circus" for a full quarter. 
A few trick plays and "huddles" were 
pulled off in the stands with more finesse 
than the teams which made Stewart re- 
mark, "I'se regusted!" We encountered 
the world champion "sourpuss" and Jim 
put him on exhibition but failed to earn 
any money. Neither did he cash in as a 
train "butch" as he was peddling only 
"ham" sandwiches. Flowers, the shrinking 
kind, had to be held on several occasions 
and made to take nourishment. The trip 
was extra expensive due to new dresses 
for the wives and Robertson says that a 
"dog house" is no place to sleep even in 

Just learned that Jim Patten, greater 
portion of the Machine Shop, hails from 
West Virginia, the old home state. Jim 
informs me he would like to return, as a 
jug of that "Mist o' the Mountain" would 
be mighty swell. "But," says Jim, "I can 
cut my way through the brush and ride the 
ox-cart O.K., but getting over that last 
leg of the journey by swinging over on the 
grapevine is too dangerous with the added 
weight I'm carrying." You forgot the 
"Squirrel gun" Jim, and remember you 
look like a "furriner" now. 

And speaking along the line of birth- 
places, the ravings of Larry Boeing, golden 
voiced echo from the "Cage," prompted 
an investigation. We learn that this part of 
Ohio was offered back to the Indians and 
refused. The curfew blows at nine and 
wakes the residents. It is rumored that 
F.D.R. wants some European country to 
ask for a land retaliation from the World 
War so that he can stick them with it. 
Maybe that was why West Virginia had 
the Ohio river channelled along its pres- 
ent course. 

Promoter Benter and Coach Bell, those 





World's Greatest Toolmakers Athol, Mass., U. S. A. 

masterminds of the hardwood sport, have 
the Production Basketball team gasping, 
groaning and stumbling through their 
paces at the Park Gym. On the roster are 
such well conditioned (who threw that) 
stalwarts as Higdon, Rasmussen, Liddle, 
Matusek, Miller, Luppke, Deitzer, and 
Yours Truly, providing I can play a sta- 
tionary forward with plenty times out for 
a short beer. We will do or die for dear old 
Production. Block low; don't slug when 
the "ref" is looking and don't stumble 
over Luppke's feet, fellows. 

The Purchasing "PU" team sure look 
gorgeous in their new "scanties." A credit 
to any ballet chorus. But we learn Eddie 
Jones put his foot down on their wearing 
berets and girdles. "Leave that to certain 
sportsmen who live out La Jolla way," 
says Jones. 

Zollezzi, plant trucker, was very per- 
turbed at unloading a parcel at the stock- 
room and discovering it was Howard Bell, 
in disguise and with a delivery tag at- 
tached, "I was in a hurry for parts," ex- 
plains H. G., "and you can't hold up this 
3 IX job because a trucker is too lazy to 
push, according to dispatcher Muck." 

Lou Miller, absent-minded Nebraska 
cornfield philosopher, has Craig Clark and 
Red Williams worried over forgetting his 
debts. "If the guy used a half-length 
mirror he would probably show up to 
work minus his pants," says Craig. 

Ted Anderson, Bench Dispatcher, con- 
tends he and George Young have the best 
place in the plant to sleep. "50,000 ter- 
mites can't be wrong," says Ted. George 
might be cautioned that with the load on 
his chair it won't require many "termite 
banquets" for a complete collapse. 

"Them durn Yankees can never whup 
the South suh," argues Bill Fleet, concern- 
ing the Duke-U.S.C. Rose Bowl game. So 
folks, if you are in the stands and hear 
the "Rebel yell" remember the Civil War 
is over and it may be William getting a 
bit excited over a southern advance. 

Dan Miller finally sang "I surrender 
dear." Yep, spliced is the word but if the 
ceremony had been any slower, it would 
have been "a hangin' " instead of wedding, 
as Dan was slowly strangling himself with 
his necktie. Eddie Kellogg, oft a best man 
but never a groom supported the hero. 
The mother-in-law's car, used for the 
transportation, was decorated with some 
rare and fragrant Limburger Cheese. Dan 
will probably be able to laugh more heart- 
ily and appreciate this joke in the years to 

Whether profitable to beachcomb for 
driftwood to build a boat, is debatable, ac- 
cording to Charlie "Yo hoo" Hiebert. 

January, 1939 


"Balls of fire," laments Chuck, "while I'm 
away, Ernie Johnson retrieves my empty 
bottles and trades 'em in for full ones." 
"The one that really hurt," continues 
Charlie, "was that Seltzer bottle worth 
two-bits." They say the boat seat resembles 
the Hiebsrt kitchen table and that "choco- 
late Chenille beret" is to be traded for a 
Commodore's Cap. Jim Eisman wishes you 
"bon voyage" skipper and a full cargo of 
"white sail fish." 

Tommy Butterfield, the flying inspector, 
reports that from now on he is taking a 
tip from Corrigan and using chewing gum 
to plug leaks in his gas tank. Tommy 
worried so much over the explosion of his 
tank that he drove his dog nuts. "Cad 
Plate Cap" begs you to fly a little farther 
from his chimney, Tom, until after Christ- 
mas, as he still believes in Santa. 

We have heard of giving them the "hot 
foot" but until Kurt Kruger heated Leo 
Bourden up with his torch the "hot arm" 
was unknown in the plant. 

Just as a warning fellows, if the Cham- 
ber of Commerce finds out about those 
overcoats, long underwear, and ear muffs, 
you may lose your citizenship rights. 

From the navy office comes the report 
that it will take more than that electric 
clock to time Jim Eisman's movements if 
a certain departed inspector learns he has 
taken it home. 

Arnold Springer is worried over George 
Wire passing thru the tank department so 
often, and suspects him of trying to steal 
that float job for Hull. Let's nail 'er 
down Ernie. 

Roy Coykendall refused to be rattled 
on the Alleyway over the rumor he sold 
out to Hull No. 1 because some one "threw 
him a fish." The reason for his coolness 
was discovered when he picked the wads 
of cotton batting from his ears after the 

"That's purty good, Johnnie, but that 
ain't the way I heered it." (The way I 
heersd it wuz.) "They decided to place the 
drop hammers in the Hull Department in 
order to keep Walt Hassler, Glenn Hotch- 
kiss and George Nelmann all awake at the 
same time. 

Stop, my friend, as you pass by. 
As you are now, so once was I. 
As I am now, you soon shall be. 
Prepare yourself to follow me! 

To follow you I'm not content. 
Until I know which way you went! 

A successful man is oftener known by 
the fights he has avoided, than the fights 
he has won. 


DAVE WILKINSON, the metal bench 
cowboy, states that his mother-in-law 
received a black eye in a fall from a pony. 
Until now we always considered Dave a 
pretty truthful chap. No. 2940. 

Dave also states that his Indian pony is 
so full of Indian blood that it won't an- 
swer to anything but its Indian name . . . 
Sleeping Turtle! No. 2940. 

Fred Buchbaum, the metal bench math- 
ematician, has announced that he has 
solved the problem of dividing an 8 -gallon 
keg of whiskey into two equal parts in 
six moves using only a five-gallon and a 
three-gallon measure. That's nothing. 
Maybe Fred hasn't heard of a guy named 
Murphy who can divide a quart of whiskey 
into two equal parts in one move without 
using any measures at all. No. 2940. 

Otto Voss, the metal bench realist who 
has been forming Plexi-glass the last few 
days, came to work with a couple of fly- 
swatters. He said something about George 
Young and Frank Morse complaining 
about specks on the glass. No. 2940. 

Warren Seely is the envy of the boys in 
the early part of the morning. He displays 
his physical powers by doing a few acro- 
batic stunts and fancy steps before the 
whistle blows. Thus does he complete his 
morning calisthenics. Ask him how he 
kept fit while his wife was away. 

No. 292 5. 

Congratulations are in order for Paul 
Schrenck of the Bench Dept. Or maybe an 
expression of sympathy might be more ap- 
propriate since Paul's wife won the battle 
and their new home is nearing completion 
in Mission Hills. No. 292 5. 

Ordinarily Pop Castle is a pretty good- 
natured guy, but of late seems to be out 
of patience with everything in general. We 
know he has graduated from fifty dollar 
ideas to figures in three zeros, so we pre- 
sume this too rapid expansion is giving 
him a headache and causing him to lie 
awake nights much to the consternation of 
Art Fulton who sympathetically has helped 
him by donating his free time and proven 
ingenuity to cinch his perpetual motion 
complex. No. 2925. 

Steve Matusek does not appreciate some- 
body for "Cleaning" the inside of his 
car. It happened that in the morning Steve 
found a few things missing, in fact about 
all he had, except the radio. But we don't 
blame the mysterious gentleman for not 
taking it for it happened to be welded on. 
It looks like it was a tough yegg because 
he very cleverly unlocked the car, and after 
appropriating the articles, very thought- 
fully locked it again. A new lock is rec- 

Bill Milton purchased a new oil-burning 
heater, but he didn't have a flue in his 
house so the fire marshal would not allow 
him to run the stove pipe thru the window, 
so Bill then applied to the Mayor, City 
Engineer, and so on down the line to the 
street sweeper and was finally given per- 
mission to plug up the fireplace and con- 
nect the vent thru the chimney. There 
were offered a few suggestions to remodel 
his home so he could have a chimney; but 
Bill says he doesn't care if Santa Claus 
will not be able to come down a five-inch 
pipe, for at least he can keep warm now. 

No. 2962. 

Looks like John Kara was holding out 
on us and keeping us in the dark about 
his model building abilities, until the other 
day we saw his picture in the paper and 
the Christmas display now at the Czecho- 
slovak House of Pacific Relations in Balboa 
Park. John builds all kinds of models in- 
cludmg ships, airplanes, locomotives, and 
many others. In Baltimore he built several 
large Christmas displays. The materials he 
uses are cardboard, paper, Balsa wood and 
paste or glue. At present John is building a 
model of the Consolidated Aircraft Corp. 
buildings, which will be finished in about 
six weeks. 

When yo' full o' worry 

'bout yo' wo'k and sich, 
When yo' kind o' bothered 

'case yo' can't get rich, 
Des don' pet yo' worries 

lay 'em on de she'f 
Tek a little sunshine, 

Bruthah. wid yo'scf . . . 

— Selected. 


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Conveniently Located 







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in downtown San Diego 
offers banquet and private 
dining room facilities un- 
excelled anywhere 



Two bars and serving counters 
provide the fastest service in the 
world. Home of the "Colossal" 
25c cocktail and highball. Open 
until 2 A. M. 

Coffee Shop 

Truly fine meals in a metropoli- 
tan atmosphere 

Cocktail Lounge 

In the downstairs lounge .. .fea- 
turing the "dancette" 

Drive-in Garage 

Street level garage. . .parking free 

to Rendezvous and Coffee Shop 


Low Room Rates 

from $1.50 
bath detached 

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with bath 

U. S. Grant 


Broadway on the Plaza 


THE 11th round of Consair's Bowling 
League was rolled at the Sunshine 
Alleys December 16th, and the old dope 
bucket was upset plenty much to the 
satisfaction of the Wing team which 
emerged at the top of the ladder of the 
league standing with 30 points won and 
14 lost. 

The crack Production department ag- 
gregation is pacing the Wings with 28 
points won and third place is held by 
Hull No. 1 which has won 24 points to 

The Final Assembly is in the doghouse 
with only 1 5 points while the Sheet Metal 
and Hull No. 2 quintets are fighting to 
keep out of the cellar with eighteen points 
on the credit side of the ledger. 

Last week when Chet Puza of Chet & 
Tone's drink emporium announced that he 
would give a drink to any kegler of Con- 
solidated making 200 or over he let him- 
self in for a rather expensive party. Sev- 
eral keglers who had heretofore kept their 
light hidden under a bushel at the bowl- 
ing alleys snapped out of their disguise 
and showed the spectators some real bowl- 
ing. Chief among these were Jack Edwards 
and Leo Danner who set up series well 
above the 600 mark. 

Edwards started the ball rolling with 
a neat 227 and registered a 209 in the 
s:cond. In the third he had a turkey and 
a double but had to be satisfied with a 
197 which netted him a total of 63 3. This 
mark is the highest series for Consair 
leaguers to date. 

Danner, a teammate of Edwards and 
who bowls leadoff for the Wings was not 
one whit daunted by the stellar perform- 
ance of Edwards. He posted a 22 5 in the 
first game, came through with a 200 game 
in the second of the series and cantered 
home with 205 for a 630 total only three 
pins behind his cohort. 

Michael Brooks, star pilot of the Hull 
No. 1 team has gained the title of "The 
Great Experimenter." He has changed the 
lineup of his team so that all five men 
have served as anchor and leadoff. In spite 
of the constant shifting of personnel the 
Hull team is gradually losing ground at 
least they have lost eight straight points. 
But keep an eye on Mike and do not bet 
any kale his team will not be in the do- 

Arnold Springer shares first honors for 
h.iving the highest average of the Consair 
bowlers. Arnie goes to bat with 173 ap- 
pended to his name. His rival is the afore- 
mentioned Michael Brooks who likewise is 

shooting to a 173 average. Other leaders 
are Steve Smith 171, John Edwards 170, 
J. Craig 168. 

High game for a single game up to 
date is credited to the Wing team who 
polled a 950 some time ago. They also 
have the distinction of setting up high 
team series for the league with a total of 
2698. These figures are all actual and do 
not include handicap. The Wing team is 
composed of Danner, Armstrong, Smith, 
DeGinlo and Edwards. 

League Standing 

Wing 30-14 

Production 28-16 

Hull No. 1 24-20 

Tube Benders - 24-20 

Machine Shop -„- 22-22 

Ma'ntenance 21-23 

Sheet Metal lS-26 

Hull No. 2 18-26 

Final Assembly 15-29 

The Hull Truth? 

THE Hull Department thanks the 
thousands of loyal bowling rooters 
who turned out en masse to see the power- 
ful Hull No. One team down the Pro- 
duction Jitterbugs. The highly popular 
(?) Hull team set the Production team on 
iheir respective ears, which by the way 
were stuffed with cotton to drown out 
the noise of the flying pins which were 
mowed down by the powerful Hull team. 
Unable to stop the slaughter the Produc- 
tion boys took to blowing whistles and 
firing double-barreled shot guns trying 
to rattle the Hull team, but all their ef- 
forts were wasted. After the smoke had 
cleared away enough to allow the jitter- 
bugs to see how badly they were beaten, 
one of the excuses heard was that the 
Production boys were so mystified by the 
scraggly fuzz on Geo. (Clark Gable) 
Wire's upper lip, that they couldn't con- 
centrate on their bowling! A.L. 

Slim Franklin has what he calls a fish- 
ing boat. He wa5 telling the stoiy about 
how the boat ran onto a sewer pipe. It 
seems that he was fixing his motor and 
not looking where he was going when he 
ran into something. He looked up and 
found himself on the sewer pipe. The 
Tubing Dept. has been thinking for a long 
time that that's where it belonged! 

No. 2813. 

First of the year and Vandenberg's car 
is still running! No. 2813. 

Advice to all anglers . . . Where do we 
get the most fish? Between the head and 
the tail. 

^aet's Get 

or should we say acqudinted 

Nicholas and Calloway 

"Bud" "Clayte" 

dre your New Smiling Associated 
Dealers in La Jolla 

La Jolla Boulevard at Gravilla 

Selling Aviation Ethyl 

"Flying A" Gasolines 

Cycol and Veedol IMotor Oils 

Phone La Jolla 2440 








More Aviation 
Jobs Forecast in 
Next Five Years 

Predicts Dr. Carl Norcross in a book 
"Getting a Job in Aviation." published 
by Graw-Hill Book Co. It continues 
by stating: 'These jobs will not be 
waiting for the unemployed. They will 
be jobs for the trained and the skilled." 
The International Correspondence School 
has been training men for almost 50 
years in such courses as 
Mechanical Engineering 
Aeronautical Engineering 
Electrical Engineering 
Business Management 
also 400 other different courses. 

International Correspondence School 

Representative's Office 


(North Park District) Jackson 8267 


^Nh^f Insure 

^HER£'S an old Saying, "A 
■ man is usually more, ener- 
getic and resourceful in 
trying to get out of a serious 
difEculry than in trying to 
stay out." 

People who do not 
procure adequate fire in- 
surance protection suffer 
loss when fire damages their 
property. If energetic and 
resourceful enough to ob- 
tain sound insurance they 
will have no need to worry 
if fire occurs. 

fdii.QV AT ive Sound Swck Fire 
Jiuurancr ram ompa.unielj lialc 
«nJ iCfuia muf fi. IJeiiuiruurcvnL 



San Diego Trust &. Savings Bldg. 
Franklin 5141 

Visit Our Home Consultation Department 



■III -B^gBBl|riJ 111.11 

Main Store 14th and K. Other Locations: 4128 University — Oceanside — Brawley — El Centre 






Ike ex.penie Li a. m&ttet ok uout ou^n deiite 


Fourth Ave. and Ash St. 


Phone, Main 6168 




EST. ,^3^^^ 192 3 






in n n loi iDiTr [1 » 

■LI liU LhU LnJ U UU Ln 

FEBRUARY • 1939 


When you build a new home, or if you own a home which needs 
modernizing— visit our Home Consultation Department. We can show 
you through our many Building Material departments, assist you 
with your Building and Modernization problems, and assist with your 



■III SSSSSSmmmm |M^| — — ^BHI^ 

Main Store 14th and K. Other Locations: 4128 University — Oceanside — Brawley — El Centro 


/^eu La5i .... 







Ul. p. FUllER & [0. 

SeuBnth Rue. and F St. . Rlain 0181 
2911 UniuBrsity Rue. . HillcrBst 3110 







A good mechanic is proud oF the complete 
set oF tools he owns . . . Borrowing the other 
Fellow's tools will never complete your assort- 
ment so necessary in your daily work. The 
employees' tool store at Consolidated has just 
the tools you need. See "Whitey" Dake and 
save time and money. 

On "Friendly" Credit 
at BARANOV'S now 


You get a quick, close, 
comfort-shave the first 
time — no patient practice 
necessary. Has practical, 
patented features different 
from all other dry-shavers 
— a new principle all its 
own. The ONLY electric 
shaver with a pow^erful, 
brush-type, self-starting 
Universal motor. Complete 
with case, AC-DC $15.00 
No Down Payment 
Terms 50c Week 

Fifth Avenue W^at Broadway 


Volume 4 

February, 1939 

Number 2 


IN the center spread of the October 
Consolidator there appeared a story 
all about the PBY going Hollywood . . . 
all about the Warner Bros.' motion picture 
which was then in the process of making 
and which was to be called, quite appro- 
priately, "Wings of the Navy." In that 
picture there were to be scenes familiar 
to many of us . . . interior shots taken 
within the insides of the PBY planes . . . 
(Warner Bros, actually used beautifully 
deceptive mock-ups for the actual picturi- 
zation) and there were likewise to be 
shots of the PBYs in massed formations 
which many of us were not privileged to 

Therein, too, was told of the part our 
genial final assembly second in command, 
Dick Maying, played in the filming of the 
mock-up shots by acting as a special tech- 
nical advisor, loaned to Warner Bros, for 
the filming. 

Since that date with the regularity of 
a clock we have queried to find when the 
picture was going to be released, when it 
would appear in San Diego, and at what 
theater. As many times as was asked, the 
response was that it had not yet been re- 
leased. Now, however, it has been released, 
and will appear in San Diego on its World 
Premier! For the very first time we can 
take our family and show them the insides 
of the planes on which we work . . . the 
interiors of the PBYs. 

Of course, besides the PBYs in the pic- 
ture, there are the outstanding favorite 
movie stars who play the leading roles: 
George Brent, Olivia DeHaviland, John 
Payne, Victor Jory, Frank McHugh and 
others ... to make the picture undoubt- 
edly one of the finest air pictures of the 
year. The picture, "Wings of the Navy," 
will start its engagement at the New 
Spreckels Theater on February 3rd, and 
there is no need to urge you to see it . . . 
there will be difficulty in preventing any 
Cmisolidated employee from missing this 
chance to show our friends what the in- 
sides of the PBYs look like in actual 
motion pictures! 

uociiTionnL school opens 

MANY Coiisolidafors are taking ad- 
vantage of the educational oppor- 
tunities available at the San Diego Voca- 
tional School that is a division of the San 
Diego City School System. 

Operating five days and nights a week, 
with courses set up to cover most phases 
of Aircraft Design, construction and 
maintenance, this school offers to the per- 
sons seeking information and training, 
highly interesting and beneficial subjects. 
Classrooms and equipment are of the high- 
est type and the faculty is made up of 
carefully chosen people who have had 
many years of experience working at the 
job they are teaching and all carry Cali- 
fornia State Teachers Certificates. One re- 
quirement for the teachers is that they 
have at least seven years actual experience 
m the subject they are teaching. 

Among this group are Charles Hlbert 
teaching Metallurgy and the Theory and 
Practice of Heat Treatment; Van Doren 
instructing in Tool Design; Raymond 
Craft, Welding; Alfred Johnson, Sheet 
Metal; and Larry Boeing, Elementary and 
Advanced Blueprint Reading. Classes in 
Aircraft Theory and Shop Mathematics 
will also be available. 

The only fee required is the registra- 
tion fee and a slight charge for material 
used in the welding classes. The school is 
located at the corner of State and Market 
Streets. Walter L. Thatcher, co-ordinator, 
invites all aircraft employees to visit the 
school and discuss the courses and their 
value to the individual. 

A class to which attention is called, is 
that of Theory and Nomenclature of 
Aircraft Design, Construction and Main- 
tenance, which affords a particularly good 
background of the terms and phraseology 
of aircraft. It is particularly useful to 
those in the clerical, stenographic and 
secretarial positions in aircraft. A. D. 
Adkinson is the instructor and the class 
meets on Tuesdays from 7:00 to 9:30 p.m. 
in room 202. 

Experts are proverbially suspicious of 
the unusual or the extraordinary. 

nnuni niR nRmnon 

ANOTHER chapter in the history of 
the United States Naval Aviation 
was written when, on January 11th, an 
aerial armada of 48 Consolidated PBY fly- 
ing boats arrived at Coco Solo in the 
Canal Zone, completing the flight of 
3,087 miles without mishap. 

Commanded by Capt. Marc A. Mitscher 
on the spectacular flight, were the squad- 
rons VP-7, VP-9, VP-1 1 and VP-12 which 
comprised the group of 48 planes carrying 
some 3 36 officers, flying cadets and en- 
listed men on the long hop, the largest 
massed hop in U. S. Aviation history. All 
save three of the planes made the entire 
3,087 miles in one hop. These three alighted 
and refueled simply as a "precautionary 
measure" and proceeded to their destina- 
tion. Thus has been added to, in a very 
appreciable extent, the remarkable record 
of consistent outstanding performance of 
the PBY flying boats in the hands of their 
Naval pilots, over long distances, in massed 
flights ... a consistency that is hard to 

In flights of over 2,500 miles each, and 
with over half of them greater than 
3,000 miles, the PBYs have completed 
without mechanical incident, a distance 
equal to approximately 17 times around 
the globe at its greatest diameter! 

John Kara, of the Metal Bench Depart- 
ment, whose model work at the House of 
Pacific Relations in Balboa Park attracted 
considerable attention some time ago, re- 
cently completed his model of the Can- 
solidated Aircraft plant and yard. On dis- 
play in the main lobby, this latest creation 
of Kara's is an excellent example of fine 
workmanship and painstaking attention 
to detail and represents the expenditure of 
much leisure time in its fabrication. 

It is stated as fact that Bob Biddle's gang 
of "wood butchers" are going to steal the 
stuff of the painting department in the 
paint department itself, by spraypainting 
the new paint booths! 

should be addn 


er herein, is gladly granted any established publication provided proper credit is f 

Printed monthly in the U. S. A, by Frye V Smith. 850 Third Ave. 

any of the subj 

Diego. California, 
, Diego. California. 


Personal IncameTaKBS 
For 1938 

Who Must File Re f urns: 

Every married person whose annual in- 
come is in excess of $2500 and every single 
person whose annual income is in excess 
of $1000 must file income tax returns with 
the Federal Government before March 15, 
1939, and with the State of California be- 
fore April 15, 1939. Federal income tax 
returns must be filed in duplicate. 


Income subject to tax includes salaries, 
wages, interest, dividends, rents, and profits 
from the sale of securities and other prop- 
erty. The income of minor children is 
considered to be the income of the parent 
for tax purposes. Gifts or inheritances, 
health and accident insurance payments, 
and amounts received in settlement of 
claims for injuries and damages are ex- 
empt from income tax and should not be 
reported on the returns filed. 


Allowable deductions include interest 
paid, uncollectible debts, losses on invest- 
ments, taxes on real and personal property, 
losses resulting from fire and theft, Cali- 
fornia unemployment insurance tax, and 
contributions to religious, charitable, fra- 
ternal, and veterans' organizations. 

California income tax which was actu- 
ally paid during 193 8 is deductible for 
Federal income tax purposes, but not for 
State income tax purposes. 

Sales tax, gasoline tax, alimony, and 
Federal old age benefits tax are not al- 
lowable deductions. 

Perscmal Exemptions and Credits: 

Personal exemptions and credits for de- 
pendents are $1000 for a single person, 
$2 500 for a married person living with his 
wife, $2 500 for the head of a family, and 
$400 for each dependent other than hus- 
band or wife. A head of a family is a per- 
son who actually supports one or more 
relatives in one household. A dependent 
must be under 18 years of age or be in- 
capable of self-support. Personal exemp- 
tions and credits for dependents must be 
prorated on the basis of the marital and 

parental status which existed during the DBCn[i|ltPl| GlJflPI* [||j||B 








and on 

^^' ^M 




2368 Kettner at Kalmia 


In addition to the items enumerated 
above, the Federal Government allows each 
taxpayer an earned income credit of 10% 
of his net income. 
Tax Payments: 

Federal and state income taxes are pay- 
able in full when the returns are filed, or 
in installments of 2 5 % each in the case 
of the Federal tax and 3 3 1/3% each in 
the case of the State tax. 
Filing Returns: 

A Deputy Collector of Internal Rev- 
enue will be asisgned to this plant during 
the period from February 20 to March 1, 
193 9, to assist the employees with their 
Federal income tax returns for the year 

The days assigned to each department 
will be announced later. 

Please fill in as much of your Federal 
income tax return as you can before sub- 
mitting it to the deputy collector for re- 
view and acknowledgment. 

During the week commencing February 
13, 1939, each employee will be furnished 
with a statement of his earnings for the 
year 1938. 

W. M. Shanahan 


IF prizes were given out for guys with 
the best good-natured grins, I believe 
Jim Duncan of the Metal Bench would get 
first prize. Is your face red now Jim? 
No. 2938. 

Scoutmaster Wm. Milton who has a 
troop of Boy Scouts at Pacific Beach, went 
on a hike about a month ago. They hiked 
to Dead Man's Gulch on Mt. Soledad. 
Upon arrival at their destination the hon- 
orable scoutmaster made a check-up on 
the scouts and he could only account for 
three. The other seven had covered the 
whole distance and were home eating sup- 
per. The three who remained with Bill 
were stretcher bearers, and they had to 
be ready to give their foot-sore scout- 
master a lift. They were also trying to 
qualify for the First Aid Merit Badge! 

Will somebody in the Metal Bench Dept. 
ask Frank Morris, the Inspector, how many 
gallons of oil he uses in his car to go from 
San Diego to Los Angeles. Frank claims 
he has a diesel engine in his car ... or 
something! No. 293 8. 

Bill Milton has become a prominent 
citizen of San Diego, belonging to such 
organizations as the Boy Scouts of America, 
Poultry Dealers Association, and the 
Chamber of Commerce of Pacific Beach. 
When told one morning about the frost, 

THE Glider Meet at Torrey Pines 
Glider Port was held as per schedule 
and in spite of the unfavorable conditions 
and the absence of several entries, it is 
felt that the purpose has been accom- 
plished. We have shown the public and our 
visiting pilots that we have a good field 
of our own, and we have had it dedicated 
to the Youth of California. The dedica- 
tion was led by Wm. Van Dusen of the 
N.A.A. A California flag was dropped over 
the field from a sailplane as were 300 let- 
ters specially stamped and flown by glider 
to commemorate the event. 

The visiting ships drew considerable at- 
tention, especially the Bolus "Baby Alba- 
tross," with its beautiful monospar wing, 
nacelled body and its tail mounted on a 
four-inch dural tube. But it was the 
"Robin" from San Diego, built by John 
Robinson with the assistance of the Con- 
solidated mechanics, that stole the show. 
Of extremely rugged construction, it has 
a very high gliding ratio coupled with 
excellent manoeuverability. It ended the 
event with three turns of a spin, a dive and 
a loop, all within 600 ft. This, and the 
extremely rough air that buffeted the 
soarers around on the last day of the meet, 
convinced the more than 1,000 spectators, 
that the modern sailplane is built to 
"take it." Jerry Litell, No. 7029. 

Bill brightly replied, "That isn't frost 
. . . it's only moisture!" 

Bench Christmas Party ... It was all 
started by someone hanging a small branch 
of the Consolidated Christmas Tree, that 
was being painted at the time. Next day, 
a couple of the boys brought some orna- 
ments and in a short time we had our 
"tree" all decorated. Then somebody sug- 
gested that everyone of the boys bring in 
a present of not over a dime. When Friday 
before Christmas came around we had a 
box full of presents. At four o'clock the 
gifts were passed out. As each received his 
present and opened it, there was plenty 
of kidding and laughs. Among the boys 
who received the funniest gifts were: Geo. 
Kener with a pair of diapers. Otto 
Dudzinski with a 24-inch cigar (Otto 
says that he is still smoking it!) Charlie 
Bell with a bathroom set. Otto Voss with 
his two bald-headed baby dolls, (Otto 
says one bald head in the family is enough) . 
Jimmy Wilkenson with his expensive cop- 
ing saw (10c). Gus Johnson with a pair 
of socks and Teddy Edwards with a can 
of sardines. Other gifts included cigarettes, 
snuff, candy, ash-trays, toys and others 
too numerous to mention. Plentv of fun 
and laughs were had bv all. No. 2906. 

February, 1939 

louiDouin on the ihdies 

By Catherine Alice Phipps 

Hello girls! 

Well, the infant 1939 has passed the 
first month of life and gives every indi- 
cation of being a lusty, purposeful young- 
ster. He received such a hearty reception 
into the world on New Year's Eve that 
there was doubt at times as to whether 
he — or the celebrators — could survive! 

New Year's Eve has come and "went" 
And ye, who upon pleasure bent. 
Rang out the Old and in the New, 
Are glad the hectic time is through. 

New Year's comes but once a year — 
But once is once too oft, I fear! 

This is the time of year when, as we 
look back upon the busy holidays, we 
wonder why we bothered! However, we 
can now relax with the consoling thought 
that we won't have to wrap another gift, 
write another greeting card, do our 
Christmas shopping early, attend another 
Rose Bowl Game or Rose Tournament 
Parade for another year! 

This is also the time of year when we 
resolve to make strict resolutions — and 
stick to them! Here's a composite of some 
of the resolutions "we girls" have made for 

We've made resolutions stern and great 
No smoking, drinking, dancing late — 
We'll be on time for work each day — 
Only nice things about our ncighbi 
Wear four-thread hose to save our money- 
Keep our dispositions sunny — 
Wear less Hpstick — low-heeled shoes — 
Contribute a little "femme news" — 
Fill out our income tax return — 
Never say "lousy," "heck," or "durn" — 
Some money we will bank away 
For that proverbial rainy day — 
Contribute to the Community Chest — 
Get — each evening — eight hours' rest — 
No candy, ice cream, cake or pie, 
Or sweepstake tickets will be buy — 
We now further resolutely resolve — 
These resolutions ne'er to dissolve- 
But, if we break them— as we fear! 
We'll make son 




One of our former fellow-workers im- 
parted some exciting information re- 

Lillian Griebner and that Thurber boy 
— Art, 

On the Sea of Matrimony soon will 
Congratulations, Lillian and Art — all the 
girls join me in wishing you a lifetime of 

True to her promise, made when we saw 
her at our Annual Girls' Party: 

We saw Lucy Shade one recent noon. 

And hope to see her again — real soon! 

Badminton is the latest fad among us. 
Among those who have succumbed to the 
lure of this engrossing game are Elizabeth 

Wedlan, Grayce Holm, Mary Nugent, 
Avis Clark and — ahem — me. Thanks to 
Mr. Gilchrist's interest in our welfare, we 
have the San Diego High School Girls' 
Gym for the exclusive use of Consolidated 
personnel every Wednesday evening. Bad- 
minton is a very fast game and most of 
us haven't as yet mastered all of its in- 
tricacies. However, a Cornolidator never 
says die — so watch out, Terry, you'll have 
some competition before long! 

As this column goes to press, Dorothy 
Peterson is still absent from the factory 
on account of illness. Hurry up and get 
well, Dorothy! 

Night School is keeping a number of 
us busy these evenings. Gracie Koenig is 
studying Machine Calculation; Marcella 
Holzman and Leta Davis are deep in the 
throes of Shorthand and Typing, and Pub- 
lic Speaking is getting a great deal of my 
attention. When you stop to consider it, 
we are very foolish not to take advantage 
of the very excellent courses offered by 
our public evening schools. As some great 
man once said, when we decide that we 
have nothing more to learn, we have stop- 
ped living — we are merely existing. 

That look of pride on Marcella Holz- 
man's face recently was occasioned by the 
beautiful little ring made for her by her 
young son. She really has something to 
be proud of — it is very intricate work for 
such a little boy. 

As my last comment, I would like to tell 
you that you have never lived until Gracie 
Koenig takes you for a ride in the Willys! 
Do you agree, Kathleen and Louise? How 
about you Lloyd Bender? 

So long, girls, more news next month. 

No more experimental stages for those 
bowling boys in Mr. Koch's Dept. They 
are sure bringing home the points now! 
Wing sort of overestimated the strength 
of their team. Now they are quite peaceful 
when bowling is the chief subject of 
conversation ... so boys, you had better 
keep going. We are on the way to the top 
of that scoreboard in the alleys . . . and 
we don't mean maybe! 

To Mr. and Mrs. Walter Beyer on Jan. 
2d, a boy, Ronald Walter Beyer, weighing 
in at 7 pounds, 1 1 oz. All doing fine. 

It was a boy for Mr. and Mrs. G. A. 
Barnikel on the night of Jan. 5th at 11:20 
p.m. Young Mr. Fredric Gilbert Barnikel 
checked in at 8 pounds, thank you! 

San Diego Flying Club 

IF you hear buttons popping, they will 
be off the vests of the members of the 
San Diego Flying Club. We've just pur- 
chased a new airplane. It's a Rearwin 90 
horsepower LeBlonde and all those that 
are ready are being instructed in the art 
of aerobatics. Come down and look over 
our new baby ... we rather like to see 
your envious faces. 

During the past month Albert Rake- 
straw has soloed and Mr. Goodyear has 
checked out for regular solo flight. We 
welcome to our club as a new member, 
Gilbert Hume, who attends State College. 

Sunday, January 15th, the entire ex- 
ecutive board, including their wives and 
girl friends, met at the Airport home of 
the Hubbards for an Italian dinner which 
was graciously cooked by "Francis" Buz- 
zelli and "Henriette" Leboffe. Those at- 
tending were "Pres." Helen and "Gwen" 
Butterfield, "Mog" and "Ma" Hubbard, 
"Duke" Knutson, "Spike" McCannon, 
"Henriette" Leboffe, "Francis" BuzzeUi, 
Instructor Mac and Lois McClair, Bill and 
Margie Travis and Virginia Staninger. 

After dinner. Instructor Mac told bed- 
times stories in pantomime, and they were 
not about flying either. Mac, during the 
evening, promised everyone everything. 
Next morning"Spike"remarked that he bet 
Mac was wishing he had Doc Puffle's kick- 
ing machine if he remembered his promises 
of the night before. Anyway, a swell time 
was had by all, and all agreed that the 
"girls" were good cooks. 

Just a hint about what's coming . . . 
The club has an anniversary soon and 
we're going to crash society with a splurge 
. . . more later. 

Maxine Hubbard. 






"Henry Golem, Machine Shop Foreman, Bob. 
Williams and Jimmy Patton, Assistants, and In- 
spector Jerry Litell in a huddle to determine the 
solution of a problem of machine procedure." 

All work to be performed in the ma- 
chine shop is carefully examined by the 
men responsible for its completion. A pro- 
cess card is made up showing the routine 
to be followed in making the part. These 
routings are kept for repeat orders. Ma- 
terial required for the completion of the 
job is drawn from carefully marked stock 
and the work order and process card is 
attached. These route cards and material 
control operations are handled by Dan 
Miller and Roy Larceval. It is due to their 
careful checking and painstaking efforts 


T'^ THEN it was decided to include an 
V V article about our Machine Shop in 
the Consolidator, we had so much ma- 
terial to choose from that we could easily 
have filled an entire issue. From the lower 
end with its battery of automatic screw 
machines to the far corner where one finds 
the latest type of milling machine, the 
department contains an orderly arrange- 
ment of all types of modern equipment. 
In the group of machines you will find 
automatic screw machines that turn out 
thousands of duplicate parts in a day, the 
latest types of turret lathes, vertical and 
horizontal milling machines with special 
vices and indexing heads that permit work- 
ing out the most intricate of operations 
directly on the machine, an engine lathe 
that will permit turning a circle 50 inches 
in diameter, centerless grinders, multiple 
spindle drill presses and radial drill presses 
that will handle jobs as large as a piano. 
Also arbor presses, broaching machines, 
profiling machines and numerous other 

Besides elaborating on this list of fine 
equipment we must also describe for you 
the group of men who manage and oversee 
the work being performed. Henry Golem, 
"Hank" to everyone, is in charge and he 
could proudly boast of his twenty-five 
years experience in machine work. But he 
won't talk so we had to find out from 
some of Hank's old buddies who tell of 
Hank's work in the east. He had charge 
of all lathe work at Curtiss for several 
years before becoming General Superin- 
tendent of Tonawanda Products Co. Hank 
came to Consolidated at the time that 

company became a part of the Consoli- 
dated Aricraft Corp. 

When he isn't planning ways to simplify 
operations or cut costs, he's out in the open 
somewhere with his trailer which is second 
only to Clark Gable's as far as equipment 
is concerned. His hobby is "Shooting 
Irons," and he can boast of some fine scores 
made in his attempts to "hit the spot." 

Assisting Hank are Bob Williams, who 
is in charge of all work except turning 
operations, and Jimmy Patton who has 
charge of the operation of all lathes and 
screw machines including the automatics. 

Bob has had a good bit of machine shop 
experience. He was with the J. H. Wil- 
liams Co. in Buffalo for several years before 
moving over to Tonawanda Products. He 
has been with Consolidated since 1929. 
Bob enjoys fishing about as well as any- 
one we know, but talks about his catches 
less than any fisherman we ever met. 

Jimmy Patton, veteran in machine 
work, has not only worked on every type 
of machine imaginable, but has spent sev- 
eral years with an English marine engine 
concern. His work took him all over the 
world and there are few spots Jimmy can- 
not talk fluently about, be it Shanghai, 
Singapore or Rio. For several years he was 
connected with the Herchell Spellman 
Motor Co. which made many parts for 
the Curtiss OX motors. Jimmy spends 
his spare time resting, reading and playing 
poker. He admits his hobby is testing the 
latest efforts of the malt beverage manu- 
facturers. He says they are all good, but 
some are just a little better. It's the water 
that makes the difference. 


that only the correct material is used to 
fabricate the required item. 

Observing all the operations is Jerry 
Litell who is in charge of Machine Shop 
Inspection. After attending Drexel Insti- 
tute in Philadelphia, Jerry, who is a native 
of Norway, was hired by the Chance 
Vought Corp. of Hartford, Conn., to do 
sheet metal layout work. He moved from 
that company to the Bellanca Corp. to 
do inspecting and engineering and later 
became connected with the Keystone Air- 
craft Corp. in Bristol, Penn. He left this 
connection to become Chief Inspector for 
Fleetwings Inc., and when Consolidated 
moved to the "Sunshine State," he fol- 
lowed. Jerry has two pet hobbies: surf- 
board riding and soaring, and we doubt 
if anyone gets more pleasure out of these 
than Jerry. 

We could go on and tell you about man 
after man who is performing fine work 
everyday, but the results of these efforts 
are readily descernible when one looks at 
a completed PBY boat. 

No longer are modern ships built with a 
conglomeration of struts, flj'ing, landing 
and brace wires with their accompanying 
turnbuckles. No longer is it necessary to 
go through elaborate rigging operations to 
hold surfaces in their correct positions. 
Today's aircraft are designed and built as 
a complete unit with all attaching fittings 
and brace struts built to precision stand- 
ards. The resultant craft meets all design 
requirements and is ready to fly when as- 
sembled. All this is possible because of ex- 

February, 1939 

treme vigilance on the part of the Super- 
visors, Inspectors and the man performing 
the job. 

Regardless of the elaborateness of in- 
genious tooling, forgings, whose value runs 
into many dollars and, which have had 
many more dollars in machining labor put 
into them, can be easily ruined if some 
•small item like an excessive removal of a 
few thousandths from a working surface, 
or a hole reamed over the permissible fit- 
ting tolerance. 

When one considers the wing span of 
modern patrol bombers and realizes that 
they assemble to their correct position so 
readily and correctly, credit must be given, 
and with it, plenty of praise to the men 


If perchance it's your delight 
To roam the desert late at night, 
And suddenly down upon you swoops 
A Ford, driven madly about in loops, 
Think nothing of it, oh my friend, 
You're simply witness to the trend 
Of Eldred's strange behavior. 

YEA, folks, this column casts its lone 
vote for the year's Academy award to 
Wendell Eldred, the Wanderer of the 
Wasteland, for his continually brilliant 
performances in the strange case of Dr. 
Wendell and Mr. Ride. As long as he is 
near the sea Eldred behaves in a most 
orthodox manner, but as soon as the desert 
air assails his nostrils he suddenly becomes 
a man possessed, stricken with "cafard" 
as the French call it (Ref.: Beau Geste) 
or just plain ""desert madness" to you. 

Undaunted by his recent harrowing ex- 
perience, described in our last issue, where- 
in he got lost, drove in circles, ran out of 
gas, etc., Wendell went out on the follow- 
ing week-end and drove straight to Yuma 
without mishap. After he had progressed 
65 miles on the return trip, he was just 
telling himself he had conquered Old Man 
Desert at last, when he discovered he had 
left Mac, the scottie dog, in Yuma. And 
so back to Yuma, out of gas again, for 
which he did hock ye good wife's jewels 
for more petrol, and to bed at three a. m. 
Ho hum! (Lucky boy, Wendell, our fam- 
ily jewels wouldn't get us past the city 

So tired after the holiday season, we had 
intended to lose ourselves in reveries of 
valentines, baseball, et cetera, and to fall 
back on the ghost writer who does "'Pro- 
duction Minutes" Bradshaw's stuff for 
him. However, when we tried to approach 
that worthy, we found that Bradshaw had 
him out selling insurance. So once more 
we don the eyeshade and pound the keys. 

To get back for a last remark about the 
holidays, several of the Bonham Boys Band 
members arrived a little early for the 
Christmas ceremonies held at the plant. 
They laid down their horns near the gate 
and stepped over to Aase's stand for candy 
bars. When they returned for the horns, 
one of the boys who was a bit near-sighted 
without his glasses seized Bud Moerschel's 
dump valve test piping, mistaking it for 
his tuba, and Bud arrived on the scene just 
in time to prevent serious damage. 

Probably one of the most embarrassed 
gentlemen in town on January 3rd was 
Harlan Fowler, who ""left the Rose Bowl 
game several minutes early to avoid the 
traffic jam." Harlan said he heard a little 
shouting just after he left and he thought 
something interesting must have happened. 

By no. 257 

Speaking of football reminds us of Min- 
nesota and that reminds us of Swedes and 
that makes us think of Hank Nelson. 
Hank had business to take up with Bill 
Schurr the other day, and not knowing 
who Bill was, he called him on the phone 
when he could have walked thirty feet 
and spoken to him in person. ""All the time 
I was phoning," said Hank, "that gabby 
guy with the shiny head over in the Gen- 
eral group was talking on the phone too, 
and glaring at me." Hank's latest claim to 
fame is his discovery of a covey of tar 
paper scraps in the crankcase of his latest 
limousine. Tsk! Tsk! 

These new fellers from the east certainly 
strike the natives dumb around here with 
their strange ""foreign" customs. Our 
secret operative caught a glimpse of Bill 
Wold of the Hull group running (on foot, 
too) up Pringle Hill the other night after 

Dick Zerbe has revived an old gag to 
help pay for his Kearney Mesa summer 
home. He invites his friends out to the 
place on rainy week-ends and has them 
drive on the '"parking lot" next to the 
house, having first planted his own car 
there as a decoy. When the friend dis- 
covers that his car is stuck in the mud 
Dick hails passing motorists to help tow 
the cars out. After three or four cars are 
marooned in this fashion, Dick goes over 
to his neighbor who brings a team of 
horses and pulls the cars out — for a price. 
Then Dick and the neighbor split the 
profits while most honest people are asleep. 

At long last we have learned why our 
friend ""Tip" Weber is known by a nick- 
name and is said to have been extremely 
formidable in grade school. One does need 
to be fleet of foot or a bit indomitable 
to really own the name Marion Cecil. We 
know — our name is Noel. 

Ed J. Sieck had been seeing much of 
Miss Ethel Elliott and now she has up and 
changed her name. The place was Yuma, 
Arizona, and the date Saturday, January 
14th. Congratulations! 





Ullll If TnKE OFF? 

By E. G. STOUT, Engineering Department 

JUST three simple words followed by a 
question mark, yet they open up a vast 
field of aeronautical engineering and re- 
search known as hydrodynamics. Every- 
one is aware of the field of aerodynamics 
and what it has done to make airplanes 
faster and more efficient in the air; but 
few realize the problems encountered in 
getting these large airplanes off the water 
and into their natural element. 

The towing basin has done for hydro- 
dynamics what the wind tunnel has done 
for aerodynamics. In other words it is a 
body of water in which models may be 
towed under controlled conditions so that 
their characteristics may be determined. 
Wind tunnels are a relatively recent de- 
velopment. However, the history of tow- 
ing basins can be traced to ancient times. 
There are records showing that the Phoe- 
nicians, ancient rulers of the seas, used 
such a method to determine the relative 
resistance of their powerful galleys. The 
principle on which they based their tests 
is illustrated in Figure 1. They pivoted a 
rod in a stream and attached a model to 
each arm. The model that had the most 
resistance, moved downstream. 

From this simple, but very clever be- 
ginning, the need for determining the re- 
sistance of boats has increased. However, 
only with the advent of ironclad ships was 
the technique materially improved over 
that employed by the ancient Phoenicians. 

Today, the exact speed and range of 
boats may be determined far in advance 
of actual construction by testing an ac- 
curate model in a towing basin. Where 
the early basins depended upon moving a 
stream of water, the ones in use today tow 
the model in a stationary channel, the 
advantage being a control over the im- 
portant variable, speed. 

The force acting on a body partly im- 
mersed in a fluid can be expressed in the 

p = density of the fluid 

/ = a linear dimension 

V = velocity of body in a fluid 

I' = kinematic viscosity 

y = surface tension 

In towing basin work it is usually as- 
sumed that viscosity and surface tension 
effects are either small or calculable and 
that the major portion of the resistance, 
which is caused by wave making, is due 
to gravity. From this relation it is nec- 
essary then for the value v-/g/ (Froude 
number) to be the same for model and 
full scale. Keeping the Froude number 
constant, the corresponding speeds of 
model and full scale must be proportional 
to the square root of their linear dimen- 

Assuming a modern destroyer to be 300 
feet long with a speed of 40 miles per 
hour, a ten foot model would be 1/3 
scale with a speed of 40 divided by the 
square root of 30 = 7.3 miles per hour. As 
can be seen by this example, the speed re- 
quirement for testing models of boats is 
not severe. In recent years, with the com- 
ing of the flying boat, the age-old prob- 
lem of determining the resistance again ap- 
peared. With flying boats the problem be- 

Fig. I. Towing basin — 15 00 years B. C. 

came even more critical than ever before, 
for every pound of resistance meant less 
payload that could be lifted by the excess 
horsepower of the engines. However, when 
the flying boat hulls were placed in the 
ship basins, it became immediately ap- 
parent that extensive redesigning was nec- 
essary to take care of the much higher 
speeds necessary. Never before had con- 
ventional water craft reached the speeds 
that flying boats take off at, and to make 
matters worse, instead of 1/30 scale 
models, the scale became 1/10 to Ys 
making the model speed required, closer 
to full scale speed. 

For comparison with the destroyer, as- 
sume a flying boat 80 feet long with a 
takeoff speed of 100 miles per hour. A 10 
foot model would be Yg scale, with a take- 
off speed of 100 divided by the square 
root of 8 = 35 miles per hour. With this 
requirement in mind, the National Ad- 
visory Committee for Aeronautics built 
a special towing basin for seaplanes, cap- 
able of towing the models 60 miles per 
hour. This basin is located at Langley 
Field, Virginia, and is 24 feet wide, 12 
feet deep and approximately 3,000 feet 
long. The models are towed by a large 
welded steel tube carriage which spans 
the tank and is driven by eight electric 
motors which deliver a peak power of 
220 horsepower each, or a total of 1,760 
H.P. The motors are connected directly 
to eight large pneumatic drive wheels 
which run upon heavy H-beams set with 
the web vertical. The rails are carefully 
laid parallel to the water surface, which 
conforms with the curvature of the 
earth's surface. The entire basin is en- 
closed to prevent winds of unknown mag- 
nitude affecting the accuracy of the read- 

Upon the carriage is mounted a dynamo- 
meter which measures the resistance of 
the model through a parallel linkage mech- 
anism. The linkage is attached to a cali- 
brated spring whose displacement is meas- 
ured by a beam of light falling upon a 
mirror. The light is reflected from the 

February, 1939 

mirror to a screen where visual readings 
may be made. The hght also falls upon a 
moving roll of photostat paper which 
makes a permanent record of the resist- 
ance. Stretched the length of the tank is 
a steel tape which has a hole in it every 
five feet. The tape passes through a photo- 
electric cell which records the five-foot 
holes on the photostat paper, giving a 
record of distance. The photostat paper 
also records a flash of light every second 
from an electrical timer which completes 
the record. The model is mounted upon a 
shaft which pivots on a quadrant allow- 
ing the trim to be set at any desired angle 
for fixed trim runs, or free to pitch for 
free trim runs. 

As a tank model consists only of the 
hull of an airplane, the lift derived from 
the wings must be obtained from some 
outside source. This is accomplished by at- 
taching the hull, through a pulley linkage, 
to a hydrovane which runs inverted in 
the water. The lift from the hydrovane 
varies with the square of the speed just as 
an airplane wing and is calibrated to give 
the correct getaway speed for the airplane 
being tested. In this manner the hull is 
hfted out of the water in the same manner 
as in the full scale airplane. By testing the 
hull in the basin at various loads, speeds 
and trims, the characteristics for all atti- 
tudes and conditions are obtained and 
plotted in curves of resistance, trim, and 
pitching moment, against speed. As all 
data is reduced to non-dimensional co- 
efficients, the results may be applied to 
an airplane of any size. 

Tank models differ from wind tunnel 
models in that there are no wing, tail or 
other appendages, as only the character- 
istics of the portions that are affected by 
the water are desired. However, the hull, 
particularly below the water line, must 
be extremely accurate. The models, as a 
rule, are approximately ten feet long and 
are built of laminated mahogany. The 
center is usually hollowed out to a wall 
thickness of approximately one inch to 
lighten the model and facilitate handling. 
Even with the center hollowed out, the 
models weigh between 100 and 200 lbs. 
The exterior is finished with three or four 
coats of varnish and rubbed to a high 
gloss, thus insuring a minimum resistance 
and absolute watertightness. The latter 
is extremely important as any water ab- 
sorption would cause swelling, resulting 
in a change of dimension and inaccuracies. 

The N.A.C.A. is continually building 
and testing models of hulls, and the re- 
sults are reflected in the increasing ef- 
ficiency of the flying boat. It is ironic that 
the best hulls hydrodynamically are the 


By Broivne 

the Mayor of Crown Point, has been 
busy choosing his staff and understudies. 
It is rumored "His Honor Mayor Heidel- 
puss" will open a city hall in his garage 
where weekly sessions will hold confer- 

We wonder how Charlie Wegner is 
making out on his New Year's resolutions 
in the last issue of the Consolidator. . . . 
Keep your chin up, Charlie! 

There must be plenty of work at North 
Island. We haven't seen Dick Senn in three 

The boys think Vic Atkinson and Adam 
Boone (wing inspection) should go to 
"Sunny California" to get rid of their 
colds. How about it. Gents? 

We wonder why Fred "Seagull" Adams 
eats under an umbrella every noon? 

Craig Clark was seen at lunch recently 
eating a large striped lolly pop, and drink- 
ing milk. The boys say Craig's three- 
cornered pants are now on order and 
should arrive any day. 

Mr. Fred Kipple and Miss Deverly New- 
ton recently made a trip to Yuma. Mr. 
and Mrs. Fred Kipple we wish you all the 
success and happiness in the world, and 
may all your troubles be little ones. 

Herb Ezard's "Hull lifter upper" looks 
like a real job! 

Mr. and Mrs. G. Barnikel announce the 
arrival January 5th of an 8 pound baby 
boy Fredrick Gilbert. Barney says the milk 
consumption is two gallons. 

Dick Haskins has left Consolidated to 
start on a gold mining venture. We will 
miss you Dick. Let's hope you strike a rich 
vein and come back steppin' high! 

worst aerodynamically, due to the steps 
and sharp chines necessary. However, ex- 
tensive research and testing are bringing 
the two limits ever closer together. 

As a result of the work done by the 
N.A.C.A., the manufacturer has a wealth 
of data upon which to base a new design. 
Upon choosing the hull which most nearly 
conforms with the design under consid- 
eration, the preliminary performance may 
be predicted. As the design proceeds, an 
accurate model is built and tested as a 
check and a basis for the final guarantees 
on the takeoff performance. Therefore, 
by the use of this procedure and the re- 
sults of the towing basin, flying boats are 
becoming larger and more efficient, with 
no risk building a boat that will not 


By Hep 

ONCE again it was "smoke more 
cigars week" in the Hull Depart- 
ment. A 7 lb. 11 oz. baby boy arrived at 
the Beyer house at exactly 1:41 p.m. Jan- 
uary 2, 1939. Ronald Walter Beyer is the 

If "Rosy" Roese has shown any great 
change in his usual calm exterior, he surely 
has just cause. The one "bank night" he 
did not attend, at the neighborhood 
theatre, his name was called. It was for 

"Freddie" Grossher is becoming more 
absent-minded every day. His latest 
achievement was as follows: One morn- 
ing, not so long ago, Mrs. Grossher gave 
Freddie his lunch and also a sack of scraps 
to dump in the garbage pail as he went out. 
Yep, that's just what he did. He threw 
his lunch in the garbage pail, and carried 
the sack of scraps to work with him. Need- 
less to say Mr. Grossher bought his lunch 
that day. 

Our good friend Erich Stephan took 
"the fatal step" January 14th. "Congratu- 
lations, and thanks for the cigar." 

We used to think Sam Galasso was a 
real "he-man," but after seeing his lunch 
all done up in pretty gold ribbons, we are 
inclined to doubt it. "What have you to 
say for yourself, Sam?" 

Have you heard about Ray Kendall's 
dry-cleaning method? You don't even re- 
move your clothes. It's absolutely guar- 
anteed to do a one hundred percent job. 
Not only on your clothes, but yourself, 
also. "Will it remove dandruff, too, Ray?" 

We don't know just what "Red" Chap- 
lin had against "Scotty" Doig. Maybe it 
was an accident. But, "Scotty" says a golf 
ball in the middle of the back can sure 
take the joy out of golf. "I reckon you'd 
better stick to a "sissy' game like soccer, 

We hear that "Dutch" Klein has been 
"pulling all the strings" he knows to get 
a ten-percent discount on his automo- 
bile license tax. "Ten-percent wouldn't 
amount to very much on that 'puddle 
jumper' of yours, Dutch." 

Hacker Service 

1454 Union Street 

February, 1939 

on THE BEnm 

IT'S about 10:00 p.m. You make a 
quick dash from the car to the porch, 
stomp and shake a good bit of "Cahfornia 
Dew" from your person and just as you 
reach for the door, you catch the famihar 
sound of a big airhner going overhead. 
He doesn't seem to be flying very high. 
"He better just keep right on going until 
he's out of this kind of weather before he 
tries to make a landing" you remark to 

The sound of his motors drone ofF into 
space. You wriggle out of your overcoat, 
rubbers and slip off your gloves, gain your 
key and do a bit of fumbling for the key- 
hole in the pitch darkness . . . then you 
catch the sound of the plane coming back. 
The motor seems to be missing. The plane 
comes closer and unable to resist any 
longer you run back onto the porch and 
search the broken, low hanging clouds for 
the approaching plane. With a "swish- 
chunkety-plunk . . . pop!" of the easily 
idling motors you may catch a momentary 
glimpse of the sleek metallic ship as the 
city lights reflect on the undersurface of 
the wing and you realize he's not in 
trouble, but simply settling down with 
remarkable precision thru the scuttling 
clouds for a three-point landing . . . They 
can't see the airport, and yet they hit it 
every time as they come down thru the 
clouds! How do they do it? 

Talking with E. C. Butler, operator in 
charge of the Civil Aeronautics Authority 
Communication Station located atop the 
Ryan Building on Lindbergh Field, you 
quickly gain a picture of the amazing 
simplicity of the idea behind the guiding 
in of these airplanes on the "beam," but 
you're apt to be stumped again and again 
in trying to determine exactly how it 

The simple explanation is: The pilot 
comes in on the beam, passes a certain 
point, and then simply follows a given 
procedure thru the use of his instruments, 
comes right on down thru the clouds 
and hits Lindbergh Field right on the nose 
when he emerges. It's as simple as that! 
He just levels off and makes his landing. 

But the explanation of how it works 
isn't quite so simple. In the technical end 
of this radio magic there are things which 
at first glance don't quite make sense. 
For instance: The older location of the 
radio beam station was at the foot of 
Harasthy St., on the sand flats near the 
Marine Base, just .6 miles from the field. 

Now, just recently, they've moved the 
station on out the main highway near the 
Cudahy packing plant and it's 2.5 miles 
from the field. It would at first appear 
that moving the radio beam station farther 
away, would make hitting the field, when 
coming in for a landing thru instrument 
weather, far more difficult, but the con- 
trary is true. Moving the station to its 
present location has several advantages 
over the older one: The first is that the 
move makes the approach to Lindbergh 
Field standard . . . the same as that for 
all other fields throughout the country. 
Secondly, the older location had a tendency 
to swing the planes close to the area of 
heavy flying activity on North Island 
where there was danger of collision. Third- 
ly, the older beam cut across just one cor- 
ner of Lindbergh Field. Now the beam 
bisects it nicely and makes for greater 
accuracy in the approach. 

As most everyone knows, flying in on 
the beam is a matter of keeping the plane 
within a definite segment of the sending 
station's signals where a constant note is 
heard in the receiver. If the plane wanders 
out to either side of this zone, the code 
letter "A" (. -) or the code letter "N" 
(- .) is heard, depending on which side 
of the beam the plane is flying. On the 
beam, which converges on the sending 
station, the note is really the interlocking 
of the two letters into a continuous note. 
Since the letters "A" and "N" are used 
by all the beam stations, it would be pos- 
sible to pick up the wrong one were it not 
that the station interrupts on a frequent 
schedule to transmit the identifying station 
letters, thus identifying the beam on which 
the pilot is flying. The San Diego station 
letters are "SQ", while those of Columbus, 
Ohio, are, for instance, "CO". 

The San Diego beam station in its new 
location is more powerful than previously 
and has a simultaneous range (beam) and 
broadcast features. The broadcast fre- 
quency is just 224 kilocycles and over this 
at given intervals are given the weather 
report broadcasts by voice. The range fre- 
quency is just 1020 cycles (not kilocycles) 
off of this. The result is that when the 
two are sending simultaneously, the two 
frequencies "beat" in such a manner that 
they become audible over the receiver. 
The idea is neat: The simultaneous feature 
takes up but a scant fraction of the audio 
field and the airplane receiver when set 
on 224 kilocycle may use an audio filter 

li ^ ! 9oo'(?. 

i/1 -t S N tn 


All srA^MCs fl 

Above: H, C Helmes, Senior Opera 
corner of the control headquarters at Lind 
remotely-controlled beam transmitter runn 

Below: Map of the new beam transn 
This shows how the beam cuts directly a 
nent data. 

\\ \l 1 S -,\ I 

^zse -^A^ 7^ — 

e. Assistant Operator, snapped in one 
!r, Operator in Charge, was at the new 
ure was taken. 

by Chief Test Pilot "Bill" Wheatley. 
the new location, and the other perti- 

and cut out either the broadcast of the 
weather report or the range. If the pilot 
is far away he most probably is more in- 
terested in knowing the weather conditions 
at the distant station to which he is tuned. 
If he is close, he is more apt to want to 
keep right on the beam. Previously it was 
necessary to stop the beam for the broad- 
cast of weather, or vice versa. Now the 
pilot can secure either, depending on which 
is the more important to him. Without 
filters it is possible to "de-tune" one from 
the other slightly, and thus gain the de- 
sired broadcast report or beam. 

Highly interesting too, is the new sta- 
tion for its automatic features and the 
safeguards built into it to insure that its 
operation will be as nearly infallible as 
man can make it. The entire station is 
automatic and is controlled remotely from 
the receiving station at headquarters on 
Lindbergh Field. All that is necessary is 
to throw a switch and dial a code num- 
ber on an ordinary telephone dial at the 
headquarters and the transmitters will do 
the bidding of the code. This is done as 
a regular matter of course at 29 and 5 5 
minutes after each hour when the sta- 
tion weather reports are given out. Just to 
be doubly sure that the transmitting sta- 
tion giving out the guiding beam won't go 
out of whack at just the wrong moment 
and leave the pilot literally "up in the 
air," a standby transmitter is ever-ready 
to be dialed into action in case of failure. 
There then remains only one more some- 
thing that might go wrong and interfere 
in the normal course of events: The station 
is supplied with power from the city's 
power lines. Should they fail, or should the 
voltage in the power line drop below 90 
volts for any reason, the station would 
automatically cut in and start a gasoline 
operated motor generator to supply the 
current for the station, cutting out the 
city power lines as it did so. Should the 
city power become normal, the gasoline 
plant would shut itself down and the 
equipment would be automatically con- 
nected with city power again. Thus the 
transmitting station sending out the beam 
and the weather is safeguarded against al- 
most every contingency that might arise. 
The beam is as safe as the lighthouse beam 
to the seaman, guiding unerringly . . . 
and it is this that the airmen come in on 
so surely for a landing, right down thru the 
clouds to the waiting field below. 

The receiving station equipment is at 
headquarters on Lindbergh Field. The call 
for this station is KEAO and the receivers 
and loudspeakers are constantly going to 
pick up any message that may come from 
the sky. Since only those airplanes equipt 

with radio and instruments are allowed 
to tly during "instrument weather" (vis- 
ibility less than 2 miles and ceiling under 
800 feet daytime, visibility less than 23 
miles and 1000 feet at night). And since 
they must secure permission to do such 
flying, the civil aeronautics authority has 
control over their flying. Their destination, 
time of arrival and all pertinent data must 
be given in advance of the flight before 
they are permitted to take off. Likewise 
they must receive permission to land, thru 
contact with their destination. Thru this 
control, it becomes possible for the con- 
trol station to "stack" up several planes 
at varying altitudes in thick weather, and 
then carefully guide each one down thru 
the thick weather without danger of the 
planes colliding in mid air! Just another 
of the neat little tricks that may be per- 
formed by the magic of the contact thru 
space thru the radio. As the number of 
planes constantly plying the air increases 
in the future, this phase of the work will 
become increasingly important. 

Vital even now, is the covering of the 
continent and surrounding area with 
weather reports for the guidance of air 
activities. At the receiving station on 
Lindbergh Field there is an almost constant 
clatter of the busy teletype machines re- 
ceiving information four times each day 
from weather stations which give the 
weather over the ocean, Canada, the 
western states and the whole of the United 
States. From this information, received in 
an abbreviated code, weather maps are 
compiled. These give the airman about to 
embark on a flight a very close approxi- 
mation of the kind of weather he will en- 
counter enroute and upon arrival at his 
destination. In addition, the teletype ser- 
vice provides at San Diego hourly collec- 
tions of "spot weather" from most airway 
points in the western United States. 

On one of the teletype machines comes 
a string of dispatches advising of the de- 
parture of civil, airline. Army, Navy and 
Marine airplanes. In an abbreviated code 
these messages disclose much pertinent 
data which is very handy should the 
weather close in and make flying difficult 
for the airmen, or should any difficulty 
arise. A typical dispatch reads as follows: 



30 XMZ 120 3105 D1430PS 0+55 

Translated it means that a message des- 
tined for the Army Airport at March Field 
from San Diego is approximately as fol- 
lows: The airplane licensed No. NC21128, 
a Stinson type aircraft, piloted by Patter- 



son, took off on flight X3SQ 30 from San 
Diego flying at 3,000 ft. bound for March 
Field. He will fly at a rate of 120 miles 
per hour and his radio transmitter operates 
on a frequency of 310 5 KCS. He departed 
at 2:30. (The station operates on a 24- 
hour clock schedule, which makes 1430PS 
read "2:30 Pacific Standard Time"). His 
flight time is 5 5 minutes, and when he 
arrives his arrival is to be reported back 
to the origin of his flight. Many of these 
dispatches are carried as an accommodation 
and to keep in practice, but when a tight 
situation is brought about by a weather 
quirk or other circumstance, the operator 
at any station has immediately available 
the entire picture of the flying condition 
about his airport relative to the airplanes 
in the vicinity and can work out a scheme 
for bringing all through safely. 

All this points to a complex, though 
beautifully simple plan of meeting old 
man weather from any angle he might 
choose to present, and simply outwitting 
him at every turn. It is small wonder then, 
that the planes, coming in on a beam 
they can't even see, passing over a point 
they likewise cannot see, can nevertheless 
make a drop through low hanging clouds 
and come out on the nose of the airport, 
ready for a landing. They're not taking 
the chances commonly supposed. They 
have a complete "picture" invisible though 
it may seem, of every angle that involves 
their flight and safe arrival at their desti- 
nation. »jt| 



Won Lost 

1— Loft 12 8 

2— General 11 9 

3 — Equipment 11 9 

4 — Hull 10 10 

S — Power Plant S 11 

6 — Armament 7 13 

1 — Coughlin . .175 

2 — Sebold ICS 14— Devlin 144 

3 — MacDougal 161 U — Stephens 142 

4 — Dormoy 1!9 16 — Halverson 141 

S— Farnsworth 15 8 17— Kirk 140 

6— Whitaker ,15 5 18— Gorman 136 

7 — Stacy 154 19 — Learman .. 135 

8— Abels 153 20— Schurr 130 

9 — Whitney 151 21 — Waite 122 

10 — Isham 149 22 — Thompson ,121 

II — Clayton 146 23 — Gerber 114 

12 — Fowler ,145 24 — Carlson 109 

13— Ekrem ,145 25— Hall 105 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

"The Home of Mviation." 

The Model Shop. Left, Earl Wesp and Geo. Schairer hold a wind-tunnel model of the XPB2Y-1 wing 
to give some idea of the size models employed in the tunnel. In the foreground Bert Fairman and Wm. 
Clark apply the finishing touches to a display model of the XPB2Y-1 and Monroe Bauer inspects its sister 
ship. In the background, Carl Shumaker, Walter Seaderquist, Cliff Berger, Harry Larsen and Fred Harger 
are at work on various other projects of the model shop. 

uiinD TunnGimc.... 

ALTHOUGH the wind tunnel has come 
L to be used very extensively in the 
preliminary design of airplanes, very few 
are at all familiar with what is done in 
the tunnel. Since coming to San Diego 
several years ago. Consolidated has been 
making an everincreasing use of the ten- 
foot diameter wind tunnel at the Cali- 
fornia Institute of Technology in Pasa- 
dena. In an article in the November, 1936, 
issue of the Consolidator Mr. K. D. Wood 
described the wind tunnel and told some- 
thing of its operation. Since then we have 
taken up the construction of our own 
models and have made much more ex- 
tensive tests. 

The wind tunnel is an oracle to which 
we submit our ideas, new designs and 
problems. From it we hope to get an- 
swers which, although obtained on a 
small-scale model, will be useful in con- 
sidering full-sized airplanes. Wind tun- 
nel tests can be made at a fraction of the 
cost of full-scale tests and due to the fact 
that most of the variables inherent in full- 
scale testing can be controlled very readily 
in the wind tunnel, the wind tunnel tests 
can be more readily interpreted. Further- 
more, a great many tests can be made in 
the wind tunnel which could not possibly 
be made in free flight because of the danger 
and complication involved, not to men- 
tion expense. 

A great many different things can be 
measured in the wind tunnel. These include 
lift, drag and pitching moment character- 
istics of a complete airplane; drag of va- 


rious items on the airplane, interference 
of various items on the airplane, control 
effectiveness, stabilizer setting, control 
forces, tab effectiveness, yawing moment 
characteristics, wing stalling character- 
istics, flap tests, and many other things. 
Since the wind tunnel tests are conducted 
on models under restricted flow condi- 
tions in the wind tunnel and it is neces- 
sary to hold the model with wires or 
struts; it has also been necessary to make 
tests to determine the effect of these in- 
terferences, wires, struts and of scale 

A description of the general testing 
procedure is probably of interest. When 
a new airplane is contemplated or changes 
in existing airplanes are to be made, the 
decision is made as soon as possible as to 
what shall be tested. As soon as a definite 
decision can be made, drawings to full 
model scale are made. At the same time a 
check is made with the model shop to 
make sure that they have the material to 
make the model from. Since most of the 
models are made of laminated mahogany 
an attempt is made to anticipate future 
needs and a large stock of laminated blocks 
is kept on hand from which it is usually 
possible to choose blocks for the new 
model. There is usually such a great rush 
to get the model completed that complete 
drawings cannot be made before the model 
is started and it is necessaiy therefore that 
the model shop and engineering depart- 
ment work in very close cooperation. 

February, 1939 


Our model shop, on the second floor of 
the experimental building, is under the 
direction of Mr. Earl Wesp and Mr. Mon- 
roe Bauer. It is very seldom that it is pos- 
sible to give the model shop a job to do 
and let them finish it without having to 
rush them, yet they have done an excellent 
job of turning out models Vi^hich must not 
only be very accurate but which are al- 
most invariably wanted yesterday. 

Even before starting the model it is 
necessary for us to contact the wind tun- 
nel and get a date on which we can have 
tests made. This is necessary because the 
wind tunnel is in such great demand that 
often it will have all of its time scheduled 
for two or three months in advance. About 
this time too it is necessary to know in 
detail all the tests that we expect to have 
made in order that the model can be so 
made that very little work will be neces- 
sary on the model during the test program 
in the wind tunnel. This often means quite 
complicated models with practically every- 
thing on them removable or adjustable. 
Models of airplanes which are to be built 
usually have the wing, hull, nacelles, floats, 
tail, turrets, and other items removable; 
movable flaps, ailerons, elevators and rud- 
ders, adjustable stabilizer; and removable 
balances on the elevators and rudders. All 
of these items must be made so that they 
can be readily assembled or disassembled. 
After the model has been carefully made 
to templates and has been inspected, it is 
given a fine finish of black lacquer. This 
requires several days of very hard work 
by our model painters and, being the last 
thing to be done on the model, is always 
the most rushed. Since any roughness on 
the model has a measurable effect in the 
wind tunnel, the finish must be very 
smooth and most of our models are really 
smoother than the hoods of the new 1939 

The models are then shipped in the large 
model boxes to Pasadena for testing. One 
recent boxload weighed over eight hun- 
dred pounds. The model itself will often 
weigh over 200 pounds and requires several 
men to handle in its assembled condition. 
Most of our models have spans of between 
eight and nine feet and are built to an ac- 
curacy of several thousandths of an inch. 
After a day of hard labor in the model 
shop in Pasadena the model supporting fit- 
tings are in place and the model is ready 
to go in the tunnel. The model is hung up- 
side down in the tunnel on wires. Since the 
lift of the model will often exceed one 
thousand pounds it is necessary that it be 
very firmly anchored with fairly large 
wires in order that no accidents will oc- 
cur "With all of our fingers crossed we 

may say in a low voice that we have not 
yet had a model come loose and go down 
the tunnel. This has happened occasionally 
to others with rather disastrous results to 
both the tunnel and the model. The model 
tests are conducted by the staff of the 
Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory of 
the California Institute of Technology un- 
der the direction of a company representa- 
tive. There are several permanent members 
of the wind tunnel staff but a great deal 
of the work is done by graduate students 
at the school. All of this work is done un- 
der complete secrecy and Cal. Tech. is to 
be complimented upon her ability to con- 
duct tests for many different manufac- 
turers without disclosing information to 
the wrong parties. 

The wind tunnel itself is very large and 
takes up three floors and two basements 
in the building in which it is located. It 
requires at least three men to operate it 
safely and for some tests it has been nec- 
essary to use as many as five men. During 
a normal running schedule three men will 
be running the wind tunnel, a fourth will 
be computing the results of the last test 
and a fifth will be making graphs and other 
records of the tests. The wind tunnel is 
normally operated from seven in the morn- 
ing until eleven-thirty at night with two 
and a half hours out for meals. This makes 
a normal running schedule of seventy 
hours a week and requires several crews 
each day. A normal running schedule on 
a new model often requires from one to 
two weeks of continuous testing after 
which the model is returned to our model 
shop for modifications, repairs, etc., and 
then is often retested to discover if the 
changes have introduced any complica- 
tions and produced the desired improve- 
ments. During all the tests complete re- 
cords must be kept of everything that is 
done. This usually includes numerous 
photographs, a description of the model 
by symbols, written notes, sketches, etc. 
and by fairly complete drawings which 
are included in the final report. The final 
report is written by Professor Clark Milli- 
ken and others on the wind tunnel staff 
and presents all of the data run in a 
standard form so that it can be readily 
used. This report is blacklined and bound. 
Several copies are usually kept in the Con- 
solidated files although the original is kept 
by the wind tunnel. After all the tests are 
completed the model is disassembled, re- 
turned to San Diego and is hung up on 
racks in our model shop. After several 
years of testing these racks have become 
full to overflowing. 

The model shop is called upon to make 
other models beside wind tunnel models. 

In recent months several dynamic and 
normal towing basin models have been 
built. A great number of small scale 
models have been built and several large 
and very accurate scale models. 


The ablest men in all walks of modern 
life are men of faith, most of them have 
much more faith than they themselves 

Division of wealth would never have 
been thought of if some man's hard work 
had not created things that lazy men want. 

Tell me with whom thoti art fotmd, 
and I will tell thee ivho thou art. 

He is always the severest censor on the 
merits of others who has the least worth 
of his own. 

The best ivay to be free of the law is 
to obey it. 

Today — Finish every day and be done 
with it. You have done what you could. 
Some blunders and absurdities no doubt 
crept in; forget them as soon as you can. 
Tomorrow is a new day; begin it well and 
serenely and with too high a spirit to be 
cumbered with your old nonsense. This 
day is all that is good and fair. It is too 
dear, with its hopes and invitations, to 
waste a moment on the Yesterdays. 

What industry needs to do today is to 
go back and check a lot of things now 
taken for granted. 

It is better to miss high aims than to 
hit low ones. 

The man who procrastinates is always 
struggling with misfortunes. 

The question is not whether you have 
failed but whether you are content with 

Yo7i will never be sorry for living a 
ivhite life; for doing ycnir level best; for 
your faith in humanity; for being kind to 
the poor; for looking before leaping; for 
hearing before judging; for being candid 
and frank; for thinking before speaking. 

Always remember that every man you 
meet is in someway your superior — and in 
that you can learn from him. 

If you have the will to do it, it can be 
done. D. R. K. 

Good Food at 
Moderate Pri<;( 

Open Sundays 
and Holidays 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixth Ave. 

Bet^veen Broadway and C St., San Die^ 

Becalmed off Point Loma. 

The Wehmanens and the Skipper at Avalon. 

Boiling along — Cliff Ekrem and Gene Holston. 




" — and we three swear never to visit 
Catalina Island until we sail there in our 
own boat!" Solemnly we shook hands; Rod 
Mathews, John Martin and I, tho' in that 
summer of 1928 our possession of a suit- 
able boat seemed improbable for some time 
to come. 

It was not until one day in October, 
1936, after I had been at Consolidated 
for nearly a year, that I heard of a boat 
which might suit our desires, and finding 
the price within the limits of our com- 
bined purses and credit, we soon became 
the owners of Barquita, a 3 2 -foot auxiliary 
sloop. She was sturdy and roomy but in 
need of a great deal of work and new ma- 
terials before she could be considered sea- 

She was built in 193 5 by a San Diego 
man, Nate Wellman, of the Sheet Metal 
Dept. and was originally intended for 
a South Seas cruise then contemplated by 
her five owners. However the cruise never 
materialized and she was offered for sale 
for the amount still owed to her builder. 

Winter brought the usual storms and we 
soon learned that a boat can inspire more 
worry than any other possession, and many 
sleepless nights were spent aboard while 
Barquita pitched and rolled and tugged 
at her mooring. I recall one stormy day 
when I was unable to get ashore and to 
work until early afternoon and then only 
at the expense of a good wetting. 

For the first five months two of us 
lived aboard, cooking our meals on the 
galley stove and sleeping on the makeshift 
bunks and spending our evenings and 
week-ends building four good bunks, add- 
ing sink, toilet, etc. When we finally 
moved ashore we had made appreciable 
progress toward finishing her up below 
decks. Our light was a Coleman lantern, 
and was it hot! 

Then summer brought warmer weather 
and longer days allowing us to work on 
the rigging and deck and as August, 1937, 
approached we began to plan our long 
anticipated cruise to Catalina. 

August 14th was chosen as our sailing 
date and a week was spent stocking Bar- 
quita with food, water, gas, oil and all 
the gear necessary for such a trip, and on 
the evening of August 13 th she was ready 
and waiting for the trio of us who would 
complete her crew. 

They finally arrived at 2:00 a. m. Aug. 
14th and no time was lost in getting Bar- 
quita under way. An hour later we rounded 
the whistler buoy off Point Loma and set 
our course for Avalon, Catalina, 78 nauti- 
cal miles away. 

Shortly after leaving we were becalmed 
and were forced to use the "mill" for the 
remainder of the trip; finally making our 
anchorage at Avalon that night, happy 
but too exhausted to be enticed ashore by 
the apparent nite life of that beautiful 
little island city. However, ours was a 
sweet sleep for at last we had fulfilled our 
boyhood dreams. 

Followed a week of swimming, sailing, 
fishing and shore sports after which we 
set sail for home — our great adventure 
ending with our arrival in San Diego 17 
hours later. 

During the spring of 193 8 still more 
work and money was spent in modernizing 
our rig and making Barquita more 
"homey" by the addition of electric lights, 
radio, etc. At this time Gene Holston, 
Engineering Dept., bought a fourth inter- 
est in the boat and we two lived aboard 
from May 1st until Sept. 1st of this year. 
In June we again set sail for Catalina 
and spent 12 days cruising among the 
Santa Cruz, Santa Barbara, Santa Rosa 
and Anacapa Islands, stopping at Avalon 
and the Isthmus at Catalina on our way up 
and at Avalon on our way back. 

On this cruise our crew consisted of 
Gene Holston, Rod Mathews and John 
Martin, but business forced John to leave 
us at Avalon, much to our mutual sorrow. 
The remaining three of us completed 
the eventful 500-mile trip and returned 
enriched by memories of all night sails 
over moonlit seas, the thrill of an escort- 

ing school of thirty-foot killer whales, 
barely clearing a dangerous passage as a 
dense fog closed down, a visit to Painted 
Cove on Santa Cruz, strange, small har- 
bors and romantically named caves and of 
all the associated pleasures of blue waters, 
brisk breezes and good comradeship. 

Over the week-end of the Fourth of 
July, Gene and I were joined by Oscar 
Wehmanen, Engineering Dept. and his 
pretty and capable wife Myrtle, for a 
short cruise to Avalon. Leaving San Diego 
Friday night, July 1st, we were snugly 
anchored in Avalon Saturday morning 
and spent the following two days swim- 
ming, hiking, visiting the yachts an- 
chored about us and dancing at the Casino. 

Sunday nite we were treated to an un- 
expected thrill when we found our an- 
chorage was directly below the spot chosen 
for the fireworks display and between 
watching the fireworks and extinguishing 
the sparks which fell aboard, ours was an 
exciting evening. I recall Holston's dis- 
gusted grumble and vicious spluttering 
when he discovered a piece of sulphur had 
added its flavor to his scotch and soda. 

Monday noon saw us standing out to 
sea before a brisk breeze, Avalon falling 
astern and San Diego somewhere below 
that part of the horizon indicated by our 
bobbing bowsprit. 4:00 a m. Tuesday 


February, 1939 


morning we dropped anchor at our old 
spot at La Playa and were again back in 
the work-a-day world, sorry to have it 
all end so soon but cherishing new ad- 
ventures just past. 

Now, I suppose you readers have been 
envying us our experiences and have de- 
cided that we must enjoy mighty sub- 
stantial incomes in order to own a boat 
and make such trips? But in this respect 
you are mistaken: Barquita has cost us only 
about $900.00 to date, and the cruises are 
less expensive than any week-end motor 
trip you may have made! To be explicit, 
we four split the entire expense of our 
July week-end in Avalon: food, drink, 
gas and oil and each paid the sum of $2.40 
for his share! Can you eat, sleep, and buy 
gasoline for a three-motor day trip and 
spend less? 

But we do spend a great deal of time 
painting, scraping and generally main- 
taining our boat, and sometimes she inter- 
feres with our week-end plans, yet she re- 
pays our inconveniences many times by 
the week-end sails and longer cruises which 
we frequently enjoy. 

So if you are another of those adventur- 
ous souls who yearn for blue water, roll- 
ing decks and wind whistling in the rig- 
ging, don't ignore your desires with a dis- 
consolate shrug of the shoulders: instead, 
plan for a day when you will own the 
boat you desire and if you want it badly 
enough that day will come. 


THAT there's good fun and exercise in 
chasing a "little white bird" around 
a rectangular court is being proven by a 
large group of badminton fans turning out 
Wednesday nights at the San Diego High 
School Girl's Gym. 

Beginners appear to be earnestly trying 
to develop a good game and the committee 
is pleased to note that many are succeed- 
ing. All players are looking forward to 
our first tournament to be held early in 
February which will feature "veteran" 
and "novice" players competing in singles 
and doubles in their respective class, and 
then a mixed veteran and novice doubles 
combination. The committee will rate all 
players just before the tournament. The 
committee has arranged suitable prizes for 
winners in all competitions. You all are 
urged to attend our Wednesday night 
"get together" and prepare for the first 
play-off. Included in the committee are: 

E. C. Terry, J. Bowley, W. C. Gilchrist. 

F. L. Kastelic and J. O. Lockwood. 


The Engineers held their monthly 
Tournament at the Balboa Municipal 
Course and it was a grand success. 

Listed below are the scores: 



-Sebold 89 

-Hemphill 78 

Handicap Net 





!— Ring 95 

6— Sheahan 8 S 

7 — Ekrem S6 

8— Miller 92 

9 — Couglilin 101 

10 — Yater 107 

11— May 107 

12 — Farnsworth 107 


1 — Sutton 94 

2— Weber 94 

— Kelley . . . 
— Freel .... 
— McGuiness 
-Carlson . . 
-Abels . . . . 


10 — Watts 104 

II— Schwarz 

12— Devlin 

1 3— Nelson 






























-Maloney 126 


-Taber 99 

-Acliterkirchen 102 

3 — Eldred 101 3S 66 

4 — Stacy 107 3 9 68 

5 — Growald 114 45 69 

6 — Dormoy 114 40 74 

7— Rosenbauin Ill 32 79 

8 — Hinckley 110 32 78 

9— McCabe 114 3 5 79 

10— Goddard 115 36 79 

11 — Mohr 123 44 79 

12 — Schurr 115 3 5 80 

13— Robbins 114 31 83 

14 — Fowler 126 42 84 

IS — Hamson 135 45 90 

16— Whitney 125 34 91 

17 — Winters 134 40 94 

18 — Schairer 150 45 105 

Gross Handicap Net 

Three R's? 

when a man bites a dog that's news, 
and when Chief Test Pilot "Bill" Wheat- 
ley goes back to school, that, too, is news. 
Bill is just back from two weeks spent at 
the Boeing School of Aeronautics at Oak- 
land, acquiring and adding to his flying 
licenses an Instrument Rating. He did so, 
however, without malice toward his old 
faithful mount, the Fleetster. The Fleet- 
ster, it seems, just doesn't have dual con- 
trols. The Instrument Rating is acquired 
through a tough test and is required by 
all airline pilots. Bill's airline piloting was 
some time back, and on an airmail route 
in the days when the only "Instrument 
Rating" was a sensitive seat of the pants. 




Final nssemblv's One man 

Sam, Sam, our electrical man 

Takes the volts and makes them ram. 

Ohms and watts plus the amps 
Are all in a day's work for Sam. 

He ^oes here and there looking for trouble 
But just call Sam; he'll fix the muddle, 

Never an argument did Samuel lose 

For the opposition gets tired of hearing the blues. 

Sam, Sam is our electrical man 

Always quick on the trigger when in a jam, 
Never a let down all day long 

For he has to keep looking for Baldy Long. 

Sam will yell if a flash light is left on. 

But it's inspection's fault if the circuit's wrong, 
Sam's motto is, "That I'm all right," 

It's the rest of the shop that's got the blight. 

In troubled times when the wires are hot 

The landing light switch makes the outboard 
bomb drop. 
The patient nerves of the foreman are shot 

Sam will say, "Tt must be the equipment that's 

With leather coat and sun visor 

Hands in his pockets and much the wiser, 

An argument on his lips and a blue print on his hip 
Samuel is all set for the day to do his bit. 

A push cart on wheels, is Sam's delight 
To the layman, it surely is quite a sight. 

An electrical monstrosity of rare design 

Could only have been created by a master-mind. 

There's never any waiting for the electrical crew 
According to inspection they're never through, 

But our Samuel hardly agrees with that 

For his push cart on wheels will take up the slack. 

Three days behind, and the wires still out 
What's the matter with the electrical stuff, 

Of course, it's not our Sam to shame 

It must be inspectors again, that are to blame. 

When in a hole and on the spot 

The work looks bad and the boss is hot. 

The wires are wrong and the ship won't hop 
Sam still says, "We're the Cream of the Crop." 

Now this is the story of our electrical man 
A mighty fine boy is our arguing Sam, 

He's always right and you're always wrong 
That is the reason he seems to get along. 

Red McLaughlin. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Ray Deters, No. 
1223, Tool Room ... a bouncing baby 
daughter, on Sunday, January 15th. The 
young lady checked in at 7 pounds, 13 oz., 
but has not as yet disclosed her name. 

PRODUcTion minuTES "«■"■"■■ 

Phone Jackson 9278 Chick Runyon 
for "The Blind Man" 


"Same Day Service" 

University Window Shade Co. 

1023 University Avenue 

IN case we didn't remember before — 
"Happy New Year." So with most 
resolutions broken, the holiday parties a 
headache of the past, Santa Claus wonder- 
ing why the kids said "nerts", and the 
"bags" mostly gone from our eyes, we 
will give you the lowdown on the lads 
and lassies during the past month. 

"Sherriff Dad" Sheppard was the great- 
est mistletoe casualty when Blanche Davis 
caught him leaning too far toward the 
switchboard. "Dad's" reaction would have 
put a western bucking bronco to shame 
and when Blanche finally turned him loose, 
the lobby sounded like a herd stampeding 
down a canyon. "Whoopee" says Dad, "if 
I'd only had my 'six gun,' I would have 
shot down the chandeliers." The mustache 
was waxed and streamlined the next day 
to eliminate interference. 

Gracie did not have such good luck, 
however, as Lloyd Bender and her other 
quarry escaped her grasp. "Sassafras" says 
Gracie, "we short people never seem to 
get a break, as just a little more reach 
and I would have had 'em." Next year 
try a butterfly net for better results, 

The new year also finds the budget 
balanced out La Jolla way according to a 
report from Mrs. Ernie Johnson. "For 
every empty bottle 'My Ernest' retrieved 
from the Hibert garage the latter retaliated 
by cleaning out my ice box of all the left- 
over food," says Mrs. Johnson. "One day 
I returned to find Charley with a very 
satisfied look on his face and a larger 
bulge around the middle and he began to 
tell me what delicious hash I left in the 
ice box," continues the report. "I could 
not remember making hash and a quick 
examination disclosed that my poor little 
dog, Mae West, had lost her dinner." If 
the report is true, I advise dispatchers to 
carry a bone when after jobs in Spotweld. 
Cris Englehart warns to be careful as he 
heard a growl on passing the department 

A late report on Chief Muldoy's Yule- 
tide get together with the Browns', 
Mucks', Hartmayers', Doers' and Butter- 
fields' makes myself and fellow hillbillies 
feel slighted that we could not have been 
there, taken off our shoes and enjoyed some 
of that mountain hospitality. Jack's 
pinochle game was the only thing not up 
to par as a great time was reported by 
all these old cronies. And to think where 
I was I had to sit in the back of the room 
to keep the dancers off my feet as I dislike 
to wear shoes myself. 

Paul "Doc" Willoughby, former dis- 
patcher, dropped in for a visit recently. 
Paul tells us he is studying to be a veter- 
inarian. To carve a name in the hall of 
fame, we suggest to find out what's wrong 
with "Ferdinand the Bull." 

Sure good to see Joe Maloney back again 
at his old post after his trip to Buffalo, 
fully thawed out, and with lots of news 
from the east. Joe reports a great time and 
explains his early arrival was due to his 
running into a 66-mile windstorm which 
blew him out of the city and into the 
next state. "When I landed," says Joe, "I 
was headed west so just kept on driving." 

Lloyd "BB" Bender ("BB" meaning 
"Both Barrels") is still determined to get 
revenge on the duck family after his em- 
barrassing mistake of a few weeks past. 
When questioned why he was sitting by 
the fountain in the Plaza recently with his 
"trusty shootin' iron" across his knees, 
answered "It all stands to reason that a 
duck must get thirsty sometimes." 

Basketball is now in full swing and we 
must admit those Purchasing lads showed 
our team something more than prett)' 
panties. This was a case of our being taken 
to the cleaners instead of those "gorgeous 
uniforms." The fellows all put up a great 
fight and Luppke just couldn't stand on all 
of them at once, as there's a limit to every- 
thing, even his feet. Coach Bell is now 
planning a play where we blackjack the 
center and muscle in through the middle 
for a crip shot. 

Using his power as an inspector, Frank 
Morse, regrettable loss to the prize ring, 
after returning from a trip to Los Angeles, 
which required nine quarts of oil, wrote 
out two reports on his "crate." "Salvage 
radiator cap and horn and scrap the re- 
mainder." He may reconsider however, he 
says, and sell the engine to Larrj' Boeing 
as an accompanist for his singing. 

Don't forget fellows that Professors 
Boeing and Hiebert are teaching classes in 
Blueprint Reading and Metallurgy re- 
spectively at the San Diego Night Voca- 
tional School. So let's polish up an apple 
and go down as the classes will be a great 
help to anyone in Aircraft work. Lou 
Miller and Ted Anderson could not get 
a class to teach as the school is offering 
nothing in "Deep Breathing," "Public 
Sleeping," "Campusology," or "Oral Pen- 
manship," their major subjects. 

No, readers, the Tank Department is not 
being used for a shower room, as those wet 
towels lying around are the result of Al 

February, 1939 


"Drophammer" Ambrose crying over get- 
ting a part made for the 3 IX floats. "It's a 
racket" says Al, "it cost half a pack of 
cigarettes to get the job and will prob- 
ably cost another pack to get the parts 
made." Since assigned to the drophammer 
work Al is practicing turning corners so 
as not to let the new job get him out of 

Daniel Boone may have been able to 
handle bears in his way, but Russ Gaughen, 
socially prominent "shag" and "swing" 
lad of Spares can outstep old Bruin in a 
foot race, according to Eddie Kellogg when 
interviewed concerning their recent vaca- 
tion to Yosemite Park. When asked about 
the ice skating rink there the fellows re- 
plied "Gosh, it's swell. We skated on it 
hours on end." 

Those intimate conversations between 
Craig Clark, Ed Stewart and Dan Miller, 
are for the purpose of informing the latter 
on how to go about putting it over on 
"wifey" to get a night out. Ed and Craig 
admit nothing has worked so far but hope 
to strike on something yet that may help 
the three. 

Dick Maving, Final Assmbly's ace 
racquet swinger, don't trust his will power 
too far but solves the situation by living 
on the rim of a canyon. "It keeps me 
temperate," says Dick, "for if I take on 
too many I know I will stumble over the 
edge and break my neck." I've had some 
stuff that made me feel like I wanted to 
break my neck." 

It seems there ain't no justice for us 
scandal hunters. Just when we believe we 
had a rare morsel for your ears, it proved 
upon closer observation that Leo Bourden 
was not holding Marcella Holzman's hand 
but merely looking at a ring her youngster 
had made in school. Shucks, if we could 
only find Amsley Phillips' or Hank Golem's 
diary lying around we might have some- 
thing. Leo might get Marcella's boy to 
make him another wheelbarrow so he can 
continue his landscaping. 

Well blow me down, it's closing time 
and we have heard nothing of Roy Coyken- 
dall's bowling antics. 

January 17, 1939 


Hull 26 vs. Final Assembly 

Purchasing 19 vs. Engineering , . . 

Maintenance 14 vs. Production 

Team Won 

Hull 2 

Purchasing 2 

Production 1 

Final Assembly 1 



CUn tlUB "K's 

THE Comolidated Aircraft Corp. Gun 
Club held its annual business meeting 
on January 11th at the Stanley Andrews 
Co. Clubroom. By unanimous vote it was 
decided that the club officers: Pres. How- 
ard Golem, V.-Pres. H. J. Schnaubelt, 
Sec.-Treas. H. M. Prior, Executive Officer 
Henry Golem and Committeeman-at- 
Large J. H. Waterbury, be retained for 
the year 1939. 

Plans were discussed for shooting activ- 
ities during the coming year and a very 
interesting program was selected. The club 
IS growing steadily and promises to be a 
very live-wire organization. At present 

we are arranging some competitive matches 
with other gun clubs in San Diego and 
pistol matches with clubs in other cities. 
We will soon be affiliated with the National 
Rifle Association which will enable us to 
compete with every N.R.A. Club in the 
U. S. 

Keen competition is being enjoyed by 
the members of the club with averages 
coming up steadily. If any of you fellow 
Consolidators think that you can beat 
these scores, we welcome you to come out 
and try it every Wednesday night at the 
Stanley Andrews Co. range. 

H. M. Prior, Sec.-Treas. 


Number of 
Times Fired 


Golem, Henry 99 

Schnaubelt, H 97 

Meyers, H 99 

Golem, Howard 98. 

Kneeling Offhand 




Von Meeden, H 91 

Schneider, P 92.! 

English, L 96 

Weber, L 91 

Generas, E 91 

Kipkowski, S 78 

Soares 86 

Koenig, L 96 

Koenig, W 94 

Taylor, M 79 

Benson, D 69 

Ealy, G 79.5 

Brown, J 72 

Lawrence, H 70 

Bauer, H 68 



Henry Golem 277 


Kneeling H. Prior 100 (2) 

Howard Golem 9! H. Meyers 100 (2) 

Offhand Henry Golem 100 (1) 

Henry Golem 89 Howard Golem 100 (1) 


Lunches, Sandwiches, Cold Drinks and Tobacco 

Good Food Priced Right 

Conveniently Located 




The ex.penie Li a. ma.ttet on uout own deiite 


Fourth Ave. and Ash St. 


Phone, Main 6168 


Anyone seeking information why W. 
Borg, of Sheet Dept., has seventeen holes 
cut in his back door ... see D. High- 
tower, No. 1755. 

Tramp, tramp, tramp. A measured mil- 
itary step broke the stillness and there 
stood Capt. Chas. McManus with dis- 
patches from the rear. To the stupefac- 
tion of all, one tan and one black shoe 
adorned his feet. Besides his nightly en- 
deavors to produce gold out of thin air, 
he had found time to set the spring styles 
in foot-wear. 

Sam Seligman. 


'Het's Get 

or should we say acquainted 

Nicholas and Calloway 

"Bud" "Clayte" 

dre your New Smiling Associated 
Dealers in L<a Jolla 

La Joila Boulevard at Gravilla 

Selling Aviation Ethyl 

'■Flying A" Gasolines 

Cycol and Veedol Motor Oils 

Phone La Jolla 2440 


1. (two pictures) . . "When it comes to building 
sea-wortliy craft, consult Bob Brabban. The wreck- 
ing crew from the wood shop put this one to- 
gether, one Saturday afternoon. They christened 
it "Beauty," with a quart of Scotch, which was 
drunk, and the bottle was tossed into the bay. 
L. McGiffin. 

2. The new Rearwin 'plane of the San Diego Flying 
Club alongside their hangar. 

3. Comoliilated Goats, atop San Jacinto: 10,806 
feet. Left to right: B. J. Rowan, T. C Eckles, 
F. E. Otto, J. A. Morrow, J. W. Kelly, F. William- 
son, M. R. Larceval and D. R. Kern. 

4. A snap-shot of the Consolidated 60-foot Christ- 
mas tree at nite. A "Silver" pine, silverized by Bob 
Biddle's gang and strung with approximately 1,000 
lights by Hank Fink's gang. 

5. Fishermen with their catch: Milton Hanger, 
Ralph Berg, C. Seaderquist, Mac Giffin, Al Johnson 
... the poor fish . . . Bill Marshall, C. M. Szymezak 
and Otto Bendt. 

6. The Sheephead catch of B. Freakley, Geo. Wire, 
Fred Rosso, and Mr. Baker of North Island. 

consHRinns hbout Toiun 

By Fink 

Bert Rowan was seen moving a small 
playhouse into his front yard. He claims 
it is for his "kids," but we think Bert's 
looking toward the future for it would 
make an ideal "dog house." Bert can 
just squeeze in. 

"Tex Graham (Drawbench) invited 
us boys to his house for a little "stag 
shindig." It was nice of him but those 
dice of his were unfair to organized "crap 
shooters." We decided Tex made expenses 
. . . plus! 

"Russ" Grange (Eng. Dept.) spends 
his spare evenings at S.D.H.S. night classes 
absorbing a little education. Incidentally, 
there are quite a number of Consairians in 
night school classes. 


By Max Goldman 

OUR new canopy spray booth is fin- 
ished and is proving a great success. 
The lighting system is better, and the air 
circulation sure pulls the paint fumes out! 

Alexander took a week off for a Christ- 
mas and New Year's holiday, to take a 
trip up to Portland, Oregon. After stay- 
ing there for a few days he had to rush 
back to California as he could not stand 
the cold weather up there . . . nice boost 
for our Chamber of Commerce! 

Howell was getting jealous of Alex- 
ander as he was the first to try out the 
new booth, so when they brought a hull in, 
he had his chance, and how he raved about 
how good the new booth is. He would 
rather work in there, than spraying the 
insides of the hulls or center sections. 
Maybe, someday you'll get your chance, 

Christ. Ortell was sure surprised when 
he received a check for something he had 
invented ... so surprised he was speech- 
less for a while. Try another one, Christ. 
Maybe that will bring enumerations. 

Walt Lawr received an electric train 
for Christmas . . . how about stopping 
here for a while with it? 

Ross Dilling would like to find some 
good handicapper at Santa Anita so he 
could play the ponies there . . . Good luck, 
someday, Ross! 

If your lips would keep from slips. 
Five things observe with care: 

Of whom you speak, to whom you speak. 
And how, and when, and where. 

Selected, R. L. Williams, Mach. Shop. 


luablea. AutomoIjllM 

Much for Little 

ONSIDER the small cost 
' of complete insurance. 
Where can you get so 
much for so little! What 
other investment as small 
will give you as great 

Stock Fire Insurance, 
as a form of protectiofi, 
stands back or credit and 
guarantees financial 
security of your property. 
It keeps values intact 
which otherwise fire 
would destroy. 



San Diego Trust & Savings Bldg. 
Franklin 5141 




Index to Advertisers 

Aase Bros 15 

Associated Oil 16 

Boronov 2nd Cover 

Bonham Bros 3rd Cover 

Employees' Tool Store 2nd Cover 

Exclusive Florists 5 

Frozee 3rd Cover 

Fuller, W. P. Co 2nd Cover 

Gazosa 3rd Cover 

Hacker Service 7 

Johnson-Saum 15 

Lindbergh Field Cafe 10 

Morgan's Cafeteria 11 

Qualitee Dairy Products 3rd Cover 

Salmons & Wolcott 3rd Cover 

Spreckels Theatre 13 

Standard Furniture 2 

University Window Shade Co 14 

Westgate Sea Products 2nd Cover 

Whiting-Mead Co 2nd Cover 

Wines Coffee 3 

She r win - Williams 


Enameloid offers the fascinating fun of 
covering old furniture, toys, vases--prac- 
tically anything, in fact--with a rich, 
glass-like surface of enduring beauty. 

•Many colors to choose from! 
•Dries dust-free in quick time! 
•One coat covers! 
•Does not show TQf 


brush marks! 

Bj /A 



au o* Tentb '- 

Franklin 6207 

Sherwin - Wi.liams Distributor 





Qualitee Dairy Products Co. 

llth Ave. and J St. F. 7144 


Fourth Avenue 
and Elm Street 

The Mortuary 
oj Thoughtjul 
Service and 
Beautiful Music 

Highest type of 
Funerals at the 
Lowest possi- 
ble cost .... 

Terms to meet the 
requirements of each 
individual family . . . 

"She walks the waters h'ke 
a thing of life 
and seems to dare the 

elements to strife." 



1 /28/37 
8/ /37 
9/ /37 
12/ 3/37 
12/ 8/37 
6/ 3/38 

6/ 8/38 

6/ 9/38 

8 '3 1/38 
9/ 7/38 

San Diego 

to Miles 

Pearl Harbor 2,553 

Pearl Harbor 2,553 

Coco Solo 3,087 

New York 2,700 

Polar Area 19,000 

Miami 2,300 

Coco Solo 3,087 

Pearl Harbor 2,553 

Miami 2,300 

Pearl Harbor 2,553 

Pearl Harbor I -. ^^~^ 

to Wake Island )" "^'^^^ 

Wake Island ) 

to Hollandio, [ 2,325 

New Guinea ) 

Coco Solo 3,087 

Pearl Harbor 2,553 

Coco Solo 3,087 




















27 H 









1 9,000 

























































JU LinU uL) LnJ U ULI uu 

> -^'♦^5 

ui^»iill»iJii^iWhJ' , 


Picture courtesy North Amer. Newspaper Alliance. 

MARCH • 1939 


• By service we mean 
honest and efficient 
treatment willingly ren- 
dered to every customer 

Directly across from the 
plant — we offer special 
attention to Consoli- 

Free parking — complete 
automotive service. 

Flying Red Horse Sendee 



VIA $ 


• FLY east over night— on the shortest, 
fastest route coast-to-coast. 15 hrs. 45 
mln. to New York — via TWA*s famed 
"SkyChief,"Ieavinftat4:45P.M ar- 
riving, New York before noon. 

Only TWA has planes v/ith separate 
Club Lounge and Sleepin^i Compart- 
ments. 2 other daily flights east: 9:20 
A.M.. 9:00 P.M. 



Phone Jackson 9278 Chick Runyon 
for "The Blind Man" 


■'Same Day Service" 

University Window Shade Co. 

1023 University Avenue 


^J^here l/ou CA'N ^et 
Much mr Littjle 

ONSIDER the small cost 
' of complete insurance. 
Where can you get so 
much for so little? What 
other invcsmient as small 
'■vill give you as great 

Stock Fire Insurance, 
as a form of protection, 
stands back of credit and 
guarantees financial 
security of your property. 
It keeps values intact 
which otherwise fire 
would destroy. 



San Diego Trust & Savings Bidg. 

Franklin 5141 




Some men are like the arrow 

Upon a weathervane. 
And some are like the rudder 

That tracks the chartless main. 

Some men are like the speaker 

Whose voice and thought are heard, 

And some are like the echo 
That imitates the word. 

Some men are like the motor 

That drives across the dawn. 
And some are like the trailer 

That blindly follows on. 

Some men are like the player 

Whose efforts never flag. 
And some are like the caddv 

Who stands and holds the bag. 

(Clarence Edwin Flynn) Selected. 


Volume 4 

March, 1939 

Number 3 


IN the primary election March 2 8 a 
proposition of great importance to the 
City of San Diego, large companies like 
our own, and to individuals like ourselves, 
will be presented to voters at large for 
their approval. This proposition concerns 
the refinancing of the San Dieguito Water 
System Purchase Contract. The water dis- 
trict included in this contract probably 
is more familiarly known to you as the 
Lake Hodges Dam and the supply system 
which brings the water from this big reser- 
voir to the city. 

The city purchased this water system 
and financed the project on a contract 
bearing interest at 6 per cent until the 
obligation is fulfilled in 195 5. When this 
contract was entered into, the interest rate 
thereon was entirely satisfactory, as busi- 
ness conditions then were extremely pros- 
perous. Later, as we all know too well, 
there has been a depression and recession 
and a tremendous accumulation of idle 
funds on deposit in our banks. With the 
supply of available money far exceeding 
the demand, interest rates naturally drop- 
ped appreciably. As a result, it is now pos- 
sible for the City of San Diego to refinance 
the unpaid balance of the San Dieguito 
Contract by issuing low interest-bearing 
bonds at a rate not exceeding 3 per cent. 
This will effect a saving of more than 
$850,000 during the remaining 16 years 
of the contract. 

During times like these, when the tax 
burden is a matter of great concern to 
everyone, the San Dieguito proposition 
presents a splendid opportunity for us as 
taxpayers to make a very considerable 

At a recent meeting of the San Diego 
Junior Chamber of Commerce, which is 
sponsoring the movement to refinance the 
San Dieguito Contract, the proposition met 
with unanimous approval of city officials, 
civic leaders, and representatives of labor, 
fraternal and service groups. 

Due to the fact that this question is 
entirely non-political and non-contro- 
versial, it is being presented to you in 
this manner. 

One point has been stressed — that the 
average taxpayer would be unlikely to ap- 
prove issuance of bonds because of a rather 
general belief that to do so would increase 
the public debt. In this instance, however, 
the debt already exists, and the plan pro- 
posed is a common-sense means of reduc- 
ing the cost of the debt through refinanc- 
ing at a lower rate of interest. 

Additional details concerning the pro- 
posed plan of refinancing may be secured 
direct from the San Diego Junior Chamber 
of Commerce, located in the Chamber of 
Commerce. State at Broadway. The tele- 
phone is Main 0124. 


Our amiable Vice-President Edgar N. 
Gott of Washington, D. C, seems to have 
an affinity for vice-presidencies, since he 
was recently elected one of the three vice- 
presidents of the Manufacturers Aircraft 
Association, which administers cross- 
licensing patent agreement for the do- 
mestic plane manufacturing industry. 
Now we know why, on his occasional fly- 
ing trips to the plant that we can manage 
to squeeze in so little time for an inter- 
view. He's just naturally too busy even on 
his periods of "relaxation"! Well, keep it 
up, Gott, and congratulations! 

To our friend Edgar Gott, from all 
his many friends here at Consolidated, 
we extend sincere sympathies in learn- 
ing of the sudden passing of Mrs. Edgar 

EnCinEERS . . . 

THE American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers, incorporated in 1896 now 
has a San Diego section which was or- 
ganized officially on January 18th, at a 
dinner meeting in the Army and Navy 
Y.M.C.A. Those elected to the Executive 
Committee of the San Diego Section are: 
F. F. Evenson, San Diego, Consulting En- 
gineer, Chairman; Walter L. Bryant, Jr. 
Imperial Irrigation District, Vice-Chair- 
man; C. J. Nevitt, San Diego Consolidated 
Gas and Electric Co., Sec.-Treas.; D. W. 

Proebstel of the Imperial Irrigation Dis- 
trict; R. P. Thompson of the Southern 
California Telephone Co.; E. E. Eiler, 
Captain U. S. M. C, and H. A. Campbell 
of the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation. 
The committee holds office until August 
1, 1939. The section meets on the third 
Wednesday evening of each month, at 
which meetings those interested in elec- 
trical engineering are welcome. 

At the February meeting Mr. Bradley 
Cozzens, Junior Research Engineer of the 
Los Angeles Bureau of Power and Light, 
spoke on "Design and Characteristics of 
2 87,000-volt Transmission Lines", and Mr. 
L. A. Zima, General Sales Engineer of the 
General Cable Corp. showed motion pic- 
tures of the manufacture of the Boulder 
Dam transmission line conductors. Those 
interested should contact Harry Campbell 
of Engineering for further information. 

THE two "ailments" of air travel: air- 
sickness and ear trouble, the first 
caused primarily by nervousness or by 
sensitiveness to bumpy air and the latter 
largely thru the effect of rate of change 
of air pressure on the ear structure, have 
been found by a recent survey on one of 
the leading airlines, to be very, very lim- 
ited. By doubling up on the statistics 
quoted (just in case the survey might 
have leaned in favor of flying) it still ap- 
pears that these two "ailments" of the air 
occur with far less frequency among air 
travelers in airline planes, by way of 
homey comparison, than does that of an 
"upset" stomach among the earthbound. 
Some persons, of course, do encounter 
air-sickness or ear discomfort in flight, 
just as some persons become nauseated in 
riding in a street car or traveling by auto 
over a bumpy stretch of ground. In early 
airline days these cases were not infre- 
quent. Modern airline operation however, 
has reduced these to a minimum. In other 
words, while there may be a few sensitive 
individuals who might now be affected, 
the ventilation, heating, flying altitudes, 
rate of ascent and descent and the gen- 
eral consideration for the comfort of the 
passengers has made such encounter very 
rare for even the most sensitive. 

munications should be addressed to the CONSOLIDATOR, c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field. San Diego, California, 
reprint, in whole or in part, any of the subject m.nttcr herein, is gladly granted any established publication provided proper crcditis given the CONSOLIDATOR. 
Material may not be used for advertising. Prii " .-- ...__. _ 

nthly in the U. S. A. by Frye 8 Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, California 


louiDOUin on 

Hello, girls! 

Lucille Fisher celebrated her fourteenth 
year with Consolidated on February 1. 
This is an enviable record, Lucille, and all 
the girls join me in congratulating you. 

Dorothy Peterson has reported back for 
work after her recent illness and we are 
all happy that she is feeling so much 

Terry and Lloyd had red faces recently 
when their names appeared in the last 
girls' column — sorry, boys! 

Kathleen Schneider's sister, Marjorie, 
announced her engagement at a tea, given 
in the Schneider home on Saturday, Feb- 
ruary 11. We all wish you the greatest 
happiness, Marjorie — and hope that, some- 
day, we may be present at a tea honoring 
your Golden Anniversary! 

In a recent letter, Lois Arnold Snowden 
sent her regards to all the girls. Lois is in 
Maryland now and is well and happy. 

I saw one of our former fellow-workers, 
Tess Thorne Reeser at the C.Y.O. dance 
given on February 4th in the House of 
Hospitality. Her husband, Lloyd Reeser, 
furnished the music for the affair and Tess 
did some very effective song numbers. 
She asked me to say, "Hello" to all of 
you — so, "Hello!" 

Mrs. Florence Tyner of the Navy Of- 
fice is in the hospital after having under- 
gone an appendectomy. Hurry up and get 
well, Florence. 

On January 30, we received a pleasant 
surprise when Magdalen Darr Robinson, a 
former Navy Office girl, visited the plant. 

The big question among the girls is — 
are claret wine hair rinses going to be 
popular this season? What do you think, 

The Policeman's Ball was quite largely 
attended by Consolidated personnel. 
Among the Consoligals seen there were 
Kathleen, Irma, Lucille and a former fel- 



low-worker, Fay Garnet. Ask Kathleen 
about her "bow" and her "beau"! Also, 
find out from Irma and Lucille why they 
had such happy expressions on their faces! 

Lucy Shade paid us another noon-time 
visit recently and revealed that she is 
knitting another suit. Although we are 
not the jealous types, we are all slowly 
turning green at the beautiful knitting 
so often displayed by Lucy. 'Taint fair! 
Seriously though, we all enjoy her visits 
and the only thing that could improve 
them would be for her to make them 
more frequent. 

Gracie and Kathleen see Margaret Mc- 
Donough Kendall quite frequently and say 
that she is doing fine and that the baby 
is a cute little rascal. I have delayed so 
long in visiting Margaret that I'm almost 
afraid to visit her! Shall I throw my hat in 
first, Margaret? 

Marcella Holzman contributed the fol- 
lowing little gem to the column — thanks, 

Say it with flowers, 

Say it with sweets. 
Say it with kisses. 

Say it with eats, 
Say it with jewelry. 

Say it with drink. 
But always be careful 

Not to say it with ink! 

Now that the Lenten Season has started 
all of the girls are "giving up" things. 
Louise, Kathleen and I have a pact not to 
buy ice cream at noon — did we say any- 
thing about eating it at noon, girls?! Jean 
said that she guessed she'd give up potatoes 
— because they made her fat! She sounds 
like the little girl who gave up spinach! 

"While strolling through the park one 
day." Ask Mary Nugent about the walk 
through the park she took with Clara 
Sacks on Washington's Birthday! Seriously, 
there isn't anything that will make you feel 
better than to rise eariv on a holidav and 


is the MILK for me!' 




walk in the sunlight, breathing in the fresh 
morning air — isn't that right, Mary? Isn't 
that what she told you, Clara? 

As this column goes to press. Avis Clarke 
reports that she has overcome all her op- 
ponents in the Badminton Tourney — at 
least up to date. We are rooting for you. 
Avis, and know that you will be a winner 
in this event. As for my Badminton, I 
think the less said of it the better. It 
isn't the quality of my playing that bothers 
me, it's the lack of both quality and play- 

More next month, girls! Catherine. 

Take It Easy! 

NOT too much can be said in favor of 
flying, simply for the pleasure and 
recreation of it, whether you fly yourself 
or are of the great majority who go up 
with a pilot. Without a shade of a doubt 
it can be stated that a whole multitude of 
persons are unaware of the sheer pleasure 
that can be gained from flying or being 
flown . . . without stunts. In flying that 
is smoothly and leisurely executed by a 
good pilot, so that you are not concerned 
with hanging on, lies the true pleasure 
that it affords. Under such conditions you 
have the time to enjoy the full flavor of 
flying, for the pleasure and recreation 
comes not with the thrill of stunts, but 
thru comfortable observation. That's 
when you begin to pick up the pleasure, 
and to appreciate that which flying has, 
in a measure, beyond all others. 

Hundreds of thousands of persons have 
stood on the ground watching planes take- 
off, and have never ventured into the 
tenuous air, either with or without a 
pilot. It appears that these persons, of 
whom you may be one, have been literally 
"grounded" by too much emphasis upon 
the kind of thrill the movies like to em- 
ploy . . . the bang-up, wild-eved flying 
that ends most inevitably in a first grade 
crack-up. It can only be hoped that some 
day, and not too long in the coming, these 
hundreds of thousands will circumvent the 
built-up bugaboo that is the sensationalism 
attached to this relatively minor form and 
step into the big pleasure end of flying. 

Once the first shrinking from the fact 
that you are suspended in the air is over- 
come, it is of little concern to you from 
what type of craft you do your flying 
and observing, whether it be a four- 
motored dreadnaught or a mere four- 
cylinder affair. The thrill of looking down 
at a new angle upon the things most 
familiar to you will give you that pleas- 
ure of observing that has been there all 

March, 1939 

along: A perspective viewpoint, a three 
dimensional view of what you once looked 
upon and thought was a three dimensional 
on earth. You now realize how limited has 
been your viewpoint . . . and how unlim- 
ited the possibilities are! 

There is a relief from soggy, sultry and 
glum on the old world's surface. It comes 
with the coolness of altitude, and things 
freshen up. Salt fields that are simply 
water-covered mud of tircful acreage and 
glaring surface on the ground, become 
from the air patterned fields disclosing the 
intricacies of tide washes on the mud bot- 
toms, and the systematic blocking off of 
the operations arranged by man and carried 
out by tide and sun. There comes an ap- 
preciation of the vast quantity of salt 
suspended in the brine, ready to be ex- 
tracted. A huge pile of glistening white is 
there as proof of the salt held in suspen- 
sion . . . It's the perspective and open 
view that flying gives you, a true sense 
of proportions and values . . . try it some- 
time from this approach! 

About every mechanic who has had 
some experience knows in a general way 
at least what is required in the trimming 
of a plane when one wing has a tendency 
to fly heavy, but the cream of the crop 
of questions as to what to do in case of 
wing-heaviness was, "Yea, I know what 
you do when one wing is heavy, but what 
do ya do when they're both heavy?" And 
the prompt reply was, "Throw out some 
of the junk in the plane!" 

Once There Ulas a Phrase... 

An Englishman visitmg America for 
the first time was greatly impressed by 
the use of the phrase, "I'll take care of 
you." He heard it first on the crowded 
dock soon after landing. "I'll take care 
of you" a kind officer said, and proceeded 
to do so. Later it was a smiling porter who 
said, "Ah'll take care of you, boss." as 
he picked up the traveler's bags and forced 
a path thru the noisy crowd to a cab 
driver. The clerk at the hotel smiled a 
cordial greeting and said, "I'll take care 
of you, sir." 

During his stay, the man heard these 
words often, usually followed by some act 
of service required by the individual's 
job or position. Always the words brought 
a feeling of relief, confidence and calm. 
The visitor continues to remember Amer- 
ica pleasantly because some individuals 
coupled a friendly phrase with their tasks 
and services. Would it not be wise for us 
, to adopt this phrase in our daily deal- 
ings with others? Bill Gilchrist. 

The above picture shows Richard Arch- 
bold's Consolid afcii -huWt flying boat, the 
Guba, resting on the waters of Lake Hab- 
bema in the interior of Dutch New Guinea, 
inland base for the operations being car- 
ried on for the American Museum of 
Natural History. This gives some idea of 
the topography at the lake which has a 
surface elevation of 11,500 feet above 
sea level. The cover picture likewise was 
taken at Lake Habbema. Those "aboard" 
the Guba are the expedition leaders, native 
soldiers, and porters of the expedition who 
were transported to the lake by the Guba. 
Recent communications indicate that ap- 
proximately 4 50,000 pounds of supplies 
were transported in the Guba to the lake 
from the coast base at Hollandia, placing 
sufficient supplies to last the expedition for 
some months in advance. Pictures courtesy 
North American Newspaper Alliance. 

Tonauianda Club Reunion 

The Tonawanda Club will stage their 
fifth annual reunion Friday evening, 
jMarch 10th at Strobels Bavarian Gardens. 
A large crowd will be on hand to witness 
the ceremonies and get-together. The fol- 
lowing committee is in charge: Office, 
Howard Golem; Tool Room, Charlie 
Tailer; Machine, Jim Patton, Henry Golem 
and Bob Williams; Welding, Otto Roeckel 
and B:n Kiegle; Hull, Norm Wire; Tank, 
Al Ambrose, Arnie Sprenger and Art 
Hartman; Bench, Gus Johnson and Ernie 
Roeckel. Reservations must be in by 
March 3d. 


May I take this opportunity to extend 
thanks from the bottom of my heart 
to our friends for the many kindnesses 
shown my father and me in our recent 
bereavement. — Earl Wesp. 

Because he always did his work well and 
lived his life finely and cleanly, Calvin C. 
Daman, my friend and pal, will be missed 
by all his friends and acquaintances. I 
would like to thank all the janitors and 
other boys for the flowers they sent in his 
honor. Because his family is so far away 
and his death a great personal loss to me, 
I wish to express my appreciation of their 
kindness. Thomas B. Maclntyre, 

Nite Office Janitor, No. 83 3. 

On "Friendly" Credit 


Watches . . Jewelr-y 

Radios and Electrical 
Appliances . . Satisfac- 
tion Guaranteed at . . . 

Fifth Avenue Wat Broadway 


WE welcome to the plant this month, 
Mr. E. L. Stuhrman, Radio En- 
gineer who was selected by American Ex- 
port Airlines to supervise the design ar- 
rangement, installation and testing of the 
radio equipment for the American Export 
Airlines commercial flying boat which is 
now nearing completion in the plant, and 
which is to be used in conducting survey 
flights across the Atlantic this year. Mr. 
Stuhrman is a graduate electrical engineer 
of the University of Florida and has had 
considerable experience in the electrical 
communication field, having been employed 
in the Transmission Research Department 
of the Bell Telephone Laboratories, Radio 
Engineering department of Eastern Air- 
lines, and with Pan American Airways. 
Mr. Stuhrman was early a "Ham" radio 
operator, but long since has replaced his 
"Ham" rating with commercial C. W. 
and Phone licenses. In 193 5 he did pioneer- 
ing work in the establishment of the Pan 
American Airways trans-pacific airline 
thru the islands, having worked on the 
radio communication end of the system at 
Honolulu, Midway, Wake and Guam. He 
was one of the sixteen who spent some six 
months erecting and establishing the com- 
plete base on Wake Island. Welcome to 
Cninolidatcd, Mr. Stuhrman. 



/jT-v, Complete Auiomotive Servicing 
with Precision Workmansliip 

1454 Union St. 

Franklin 2965 ■ San Diego 


By Browne 

Steve Smith came to work recently 
wearing long-handled underwear. We 
noticed Smithy scratching all day so curi- 
ously, we asked, why? He said this was 
the first time he had unpacked them since 
he left Buffalo for Heaven on Earth and 
he didn't take time to shake all the silver- 
fish out before wearing them. 

We now have two members in the Tail 
Department, Mr. A. Sprenger from the 
Tank Department and Mr. Seely from the 
Bench. Welcome, Gents. 

Leo Klingenmeier held another card 
party at St. Augustine school for the 
school fund. It was one of those old time 
eastern progressive parties enjoyed by a 
large attendance. Prizes were given and 
luncheon served. 

Frank O'Connor remarked about the 
recent wind storm, "A fellow with ears 
my size should stay inside lest he take off 
and land in Kern County somewhere." 

It looks as though Basketball season is 
too much for Craig "The Feather Mer- 
chant" Clark, the way he has been limp- 
ing around lately. Everyone has to get old 
some day "Feamerch"! 

John Buchan of Production is quite the 
radio man. John has built and worked on 
several types of sets in his spare time. 
More power to you, John. 

If Bill Duncan's bay window gets any 
larger he won't be able to reach the parts 
on his bench. Buttermilk diet. "Dunk"! 

That groove you see in the floor around 
the Outer Wings was made by Stephen 
Powell running around them. The outer 
wings look like a real job, Steve. 

George Washington was a truthful man 
all right, and we will not try to take any 
credit away from him, but there were not 
so many things to fib about In those days: 
He didn't have to tell how far he went 
on a gallon of gas, how many days and 
hours he was going from San Diego, Calif, 
back to Buffalo, N. Y. How long he had 
to look and the number of blocks he had 
to drive around to find a parking place. 
How many miles an hour he was going 
when the traffic cop stopped him for speed- 
ing. What far away stations he got over his 
radio; How much he lost on the stock 
market. How many pounds he lost on his 
new reducing diet. How high he went up 
in an airplane: And he never had to make 
out his income tax! We just wonder how 
George would have stood the temptations 
we fellows have nowadays? 

Bill Gilchrist. 


Yessir, it has happened three times now. 
For each of three successive years it seems 
that the spray painting of the Christmas 
tree has been credited to Bob Biddle's crew. 
The truth of the matter is that on each of 
the past three occasions, Leonard Herbers 
of the paint department has done the job. 
So this is to notify the world that Herbers 
is the man responsible for the actual spray- 
ing. This year some 3 5 gallons of alumi- 
num varnish were used. Because the job 
can hardly be accomplished indoors or 
with the benefits of suction booths to suck 
off the extra spray, and because it is nec- 
essary to brush against much of the tree 
in the process, plenty of the paint accumu- 
lates on Herbers, necessitating on each of 
the three occasions a complete junking of • 
overalls and shirt. 

How is the 60-foot high tree reached 
all over? Well, partly it can be reached by 
a bo'sun's chair swung on the outdoor 
monorails, and the rest by fastening a lad- 
der to the boom of the roustabout crane 
as an extension for the high spots. In any 
event it's a man-sized job, for which credit 
is hereby given to Leonard Herbers. 

The printer failed us last month when 
an announcement of the important arrival 
of Little Miss Jill Crawford failed to ap- 
pear after having been submitted. Miss 
Crawford is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Less Crawford, and checked into the world 
on Dec. 27th, weighing just 9 pounds, 
1 ' 2 oz. Congratulations. 


Once upon a time a long time ago 
there lived a King who had three very 
wise men for his advisors. Now these men 
knew that they were very wise and the 
King knew that they were wise but he did 
not know which was the wisest. So he 
resolved to test them. He placed the three 
of them in a dark room and placed hats 
on each of their heads. Then he said, "I 
have placed hats on each of your heads. 
These hats may be either red or blue. 
The one that has on the red hat must 
raise his hand. The first man wearing a 
red hat to raise his hand will fall heir to 
my kingdom. If a man with a blue hat 
should raise his hand he will be banished 
from the kingdom." The King then turned 
on the lights revealing that he had placed 
red hats on all three of the men. After a 
short wait the smartest of the men raised 
his hand. Flow did he know that his hat 
was red when he could only see the hats 
on the other men? Why was he so certain? 
Avsucr Ehcuhere. 

March, 1939 


By Fink 

Many Consolidated employees can be 
seen spending their week-ends in South- 
ern California's snow-covered mountains. 
Monroe Jones' (Maint. Dept.) idea of the 
end of a perfect day is when, after six 
hours of pleasant skiing, a 70-foot pine 
tree refuses to move out of the way. He 
finds it impossible to ski on a broken ski. 

Al Blair (Spotwelding Dept.) has quite 
successfully mastered the art of main- 
taining equilibrium while skiing over 
hilly back country mountains. 

James Kelly (Tank Dept.) claims he had 
two "bucks" on a long shot winner at 
Caliente. Good luck to you, Jimmy. 

Joe Striel (Draw Bench) has returned 
to work after having been laid up with 
an injured hand. Tough luck, Joe, and may 
it never happen again. 

J. Lockwood (Office) claims he spent a 
wonderful moonlit evening tobogganing in 
the Laguna Mountains a few weeks ago. 

Red Smillie, after three years of thought- 
ful, slow deliberation, has finally decided 
and attempted to polish his car. He is now 
looking for someone to help him. Are there 
any "easy" fellows reading this magazine? 

Sheet neuis 

By Cmtnie Scaderquist 

The boys in the Sheet Metal Department 
received quite a thrill last week when Joe 
Merk came "trucking" into the shop one 
morning wearing an "Irish Green", "Paris 
Model", Sombrero. 

Bill Shirreff has been crying the blues 
over the loss of a crescent wrench. Finder 
please return. 

W. Borg has the reputation of offering 
20 to 1 odds against a sure thing. For 
further details see "Connie" Seaderquist. 

Terrell, the boy who breaks big pieces 
into little ones on the "Power Break", 
accidentally broke a small piece off of 
"Rasey's" "block" with a haymaker that 
Joe Louis would be proud to possess. Of 
course this was all in fun, but if you would 
like to "Rib-Rasey", he can be found in 
the Hull Dept. 

"Eddy" D'Amico, the sheet metal rivet- 
ing genius, just can't seem to keep the 
windows closed. It seems as though "Eddy" 
has taken quite a distinct liking to this 
California fresh air, especially on these 
frosty morns. 

Freshman Borg of the sheet department 
is wearing his little Frosh cap. Maybe the 
Sophomores are after him? If they aren't, 
a man with a butterfly net will be! Whoo, 
Whoo! Nos. 1737 and 1777. 

John Kara putting finishing 

his model of the CoiisolhlaffJ Aircraft Corporation pla 
anged for display in the lobby. 

Consolidated Enhibit 

The fine model of the entire Consoli- 
dated Aircraft Corporation plant which is 
the handiwork of John Kara of the Metal 
Bench department, and which was on dis- 
play in the lobby of the main entrance, 
was purchased from Mr. Kara for use in 
the Consolidated exhibit at the San Fran- 
cisco Exposition. The model in the show- 
case will occupy the center of the exhibit, 
with a model of a PBY airplane and a 
PB2Y from the model shop, together with 
several mural-sized photographs by Otto 
Menge completing the attractive display. 
The Consolidated exhibit will occupy the 
center of a joint exhibit of the three San 
Diego airplane concerns: The Solar Air- 
craft Co., the Ryan Aeronautical Co. and 
Consolidated, in the San Diego County 
display section. 

Here's hoping that love will warm your 
So that spares can get more parts. . . . 

Miss Patricia E. Whelan became the 
bride of William H. Marchwardt of the 
Sheet Metal Department, Saturday, Feb. 
1 8th. The ceremony took place at 8:00 
p.m. in the quaint St. Francis Chapel 
which was softly candlelighted and deco- 
rated beautifully. The bride was attended 
by Miss Irene Nagle, maid of honor. Harold 
Marchwardt served as best man and Hay- 
wood Hiller and Don Wilcox were ushers. 
After a reception on the loggia of the 
House of Hospitality, the couple left for 
San Francisco to visit the "World's Fair." 
Connie Seaderquist. 

If the postman stopped to fight it out 
with every dog that barks at him he would 
never get his mail delivered. 

lUood Chips 

By Bill Weaver 

OUR genial financial advisor and boat 
builder. Bob Brabban, has recently 
had his good boat, "Sloppy Weather" 
stolen. After being missed for some days 
it was again found resting contentedly in 
its slip. Can it be it may have the old 
homing instinct and returned in the hope 
that once again Bob and the boys would 
sprinkle its noble prow with more of 
that corkscrew water? 

Our Tommy Bell, the sun worshipper 
from Suncrest has recently out-foxed a 
pair of beautiful gray fox. Through kind 
treatment and a milk diet, they have be- 
come docile enough to be worn as is. Any 
of the ladies wishing to wear a neckpiece 
that can find its own way home, please 
apply to Tommy. 

Ralph Berg, the woodshop Adonis and 
connoisseur, has been wearing a long face 
these days, mourning the waste of his 
appreciation of beauty on old table legs. 

Al Rhodes of celestial fame has awarded 
Major Hoople Brown, the doughnut with 
the big hole for being the best plumber of 
the pattern shop. 

Jack Benkner, the eloquent Republican 
of the pattern shop has hopes of converting 
his Democratic opponent McGiffin into the 
Republican fold. We ask you Jack, must 
you work on the sweet, tender soul of 
our Mac? 



and on 



2368 Kettner at Kalmla 



The "Big Four" of the Tool Department (above;: 
Charles Taylor, Earl Wesp, J. A. Van Doren, listen- 
ing to Phil Koenig give his views on the design of 
a large assembly fixture. Below: Harold Hauptman, 
Tool Crib Chief, charging out an electric drill to 
Wilbur Cullison of the Sheet Dept. Henry Morgan, 
inventorying tools, is in the background. 

Tooiinc iHE pinnE 

OFF in one corner of the General Of- 
fices is a group of men working 
quietly over large drawing tables. Nearby 
are banks of filing cabinets with their 
tops banked high with catalogues and ref- 
erence books. Each man is solving a prob- 
lem, the results of which will make the 
fabrication of a finished airplane a simple 
and easy matter to perform. These prob- 
lems range from the design of little drill 
jigs that insure duplication of parts with 
perfect interchangeability, to large bucks 
which can accommodate a complete hull 
during its period of construction. 

The designing, building and handling 
of the huge number of tools necessary to 
efficiently manufacture modern aircraft 
assemblies, constitutes one of the most im- 
portant, if not the foremost, phase of air- 
craft construction. Before a man can be 
put to work, or a single item of production 
planned, everyone concerned with the 
plane's ultimate constructive phases must 
know just what tool arrangements will be 
provided and what procedure and method 
will be followed. 

By larrv Boeing 

The Tool Department at Consolidated 
is headed by Phil Koenig, a veteran at not 
only Aircraft Tooling practice, but a ma- 
chinist and tool maker with years of ex- 
perience both in practical and executive 
capacities. He is ably assisted by Charles 
Taylor who heads the Tool Room, J. W. 
Van Doren, who has charge of Tool De- 
sign, Earl Sheehan in charge of Riveting 
equipment, and Earl Wesp who handles 
the Wood, Pattern and Model Depart- 
ments. Each of these men in turn are spe- 
cialists in their own line and when the 
group comes together to discuss a method 
of handling a new job it isn't long before 
they have things worked out to everyone's 

Anything one uses to simplify the job 
he is doing, is classified as a tool. Man soon 
found that little could be done by hand 
alone, and soon applied little principles he 
learned from observation. The lever, the 
wheel and later the screw, were all used 

to aid early man in his efforts to live. These 
things are still being used to help air- 
crafters do their job, although their sim- 
ple principles are seldom recognized. 

The Tool Department takes every means 
and every known useful item available to 
design and build arrangements whereby 
the rapid manufacture and assembly of 
duplicate parts may be easily accomplished. 
These arrangements may be large bucks 
to build wings, hulls or surfaces in their 
entirety, or may be small drill jigs, form 
blocks, blanking or piercing dies, small 
hand tools and hundreds of similar articles. 
They may be made up of wood or metal 
and not infrequently a combination of 
the two is used. 

To do this job requires skilled men, and 
equipment whose valuation runs into hun- 
dreds of thousands of dollars. Precision 
machine tools constitute the major por- 
tion of the Tool manufacturing equip- 
ment and all are necessary to do an ef- 
ficient job. Among these are an imported 
Swiss Jig Borer, vertical and horizontal 
milling machines, shapers and many others. 

The wood shop is equipt to handle pat- 
tern work, assembly tables and model 
building, and when a mock-up of a new 
design is being constructed, this depart- 
ment is called upon to assist. In coopera- 
tion with the tool room the pattern makers 
and woodworkers often combine forces in 
completing many types of tools. 

Tooling up for the production of an air- 
plane model brings in the usual battlefield 
of engineering problems: that is, the ar- 
rival at the best possible compromise be- 
tween conflicting factors. Tools must be 
highly accurate and save as much unnec- 
essary work as possible . . . yet they must 
not cost much because they probably will 
be used only for a relatively few units of 
production. One die could be made to 
blank, pierce, form and trim a certain 
part in remarkable short order, but its 
cost against perhaps hand making, may 
prohibit the tool being made. Its usefulness 
is too limited. On the other hand there 
are occasions when a blanking die is the 
best solution. 

In some instances wood forms are easily 
made and satisfactory for a small number 
of parts for hand forming, a greater num- 
ber of parts and the wood would be ham- 
mered to pieces and worthless. Steel or cast- 
iron for the same form requires a casting 
with, of course, labor spent on a pattern, 

March, 1939 

machining, and fitting to the desired shape 
much in excess of that for the wood form. 

The utihzation of the large amount of 
necessary trim stock and waste aluminum 
alloy from plant operations was once a 
problem of disposal. Now it is melted up 
and cast into slabs and blocks and many 
of the form tools are made from it in- 
stead of wood. It is re-enforced on sharp 
edges with steel strips. The cast dural tool 
stands up for far more parts than wood, 
and is only slightly more costly in labor 
in the making . . . but considerably less 
expensive than cast iron or steel. 

Innumerable special cutters for the ma- 
chine shop, reamers, countersinks, spot- 
facers, backspotfacers, drill, shaper and 
nibbling templates, drill attachments, 
angular drills, broach adaptors, milling 
head adaptors, adjustable countersinks, fly- 
cutters, boring bars, tube bending rolls 
and followers, flanging tools, edge and 
bead rolls, tapping tools, clip bending 
tools, brake bars and dies, special snap 
gauges, special clamps, collets, burring 
tools, punches dies. And tools to form, 
crimp, joggle, offset, trim, perforate the 
materials used in the completed airplane, 
as well as large fixtures, jigs and special 
hand tools; are all designed and con- 
structed as required. 

Very little time elapses between the re- 
lease of the engineering drawings and the 
time in which the tools are desired, because 
the go-ahead is given the shop to produce 
the parts at almost the same time the en- 
gineering prints are released. Tool design 
must take each engineering print and check 
every detail part of that print for the nec- 
essary tools, design them, pass the design 
drawings on to the tool room for making 
and decide what assembly fixtures must 
be built, and they must also decide whether 
a part can be made on the standard ma- 
chine tools of the plant. Besides designing 
and building special tools to make up the 
smaller units, the department is constantly 
developing machine tools especially adapt- 
able to aircraft manufacturing problems. 

Rivet squeezers and riveting guns are 
used extensively thruout the plant and it's 
the Tool Department's job to maintain a 
central crib where the equipment is stored 
and serviced. This is a small part of the 
work connected with these items when one 
considers the fact that they are of little 
use unless proper jaws are designed for 
each job about the ship. The maintenance 
and repair of these several hundred pieces 
of valuable equipment as well as the prob- 
lem of designing the special jaws and 
adaptors is left to Earl Sheehan whose de- 
partment is a model of orderly efficiency. 

One of the most important functions 

of the Tool Department is the assigning 
of completed jigs and tools to the man who 
will build the job. Along with these items 
are hundreds of different types of ma- 
terials used in the shop to complete the 
job which are seldom considered, but whose 
cost can run quite high. These items may 
be abrasives, like emery cloth, sandpaper 
and grinding wheels, or supplies like oils, 
greases, chalk, marine glue, soap powder, 
scotch tape, wire and hundreds of others. 
In charge of distributing and controlling 
this all-important work is Harold Haupt- 
man. He is the first man the new employee 
meets when starting in, and from then on 
his problem is to keep track of the man's 
tools and see that they are properly cared 
for and returned. He is in charge of the 
many tool cribs about the shop and his 
headquarters is the Main Tool Crib, where 
all records are kept both numerically and 
alphabetically in order that tools can be 
readily located. 

This main tool crib in the center of the 
plant acts as a distributing center for the 
smaller department cribs. There are eight 
cribs, and a tool and die storage ware- 
hause. These cribs are located in or near 
each department with the following men 
in charge: 

Bench Dept., David Pearce. 

Experimental, Renwick Carson. 

Hull, Marvin Moest. 

Machine Shop, Robert Carson. 

Tool Room, Kenneth Sullivan. 

Wing No. 1, Frank Wallace. 

Wing No. 2, Vincent Gilmore. 

Main Tool Crib, Hank Morgan. 

Tool and Die Storage, Harold Fletcher, 
Don Pearse, O. Johnson, John Donohue. 

Each of the smaller cribs carry a com- 
plete supply of tools needed by their de- 
partment, and they are serviced by the 
main crib which carries surplus stock and 
keeps them supplied at all times. Included 
in this stock are such standard items as: 

Drills, taps, reamers, end mills, dies, tap 
wrenches, die stock, files, counterbores, 
letters and figures, emery wheels, goggles, 
tool bits, countersinks, angle drills, milling 
cutters, slitting saws, drill chucks, electric 
drills, grinders, shears, extension lights, 
mallets, clamps, tapping machines, sand- 
paper, emery cloth, hammer handles, oils, 
greases, all kinds of brushes, steel wool, 
chalk, compounds, welding supplies, 
gloves, etc. 

In short, the task of tooling up for a 
new airplane, keeping track of these tools 
of a special nature, together with the vast 
array of standard tools that supplement 
them, is easily seen as no small function 
in the building of our modern airplanes. 


By Hep 
TTJE hear that "Dutch" Klein has 
V V joined "the Royal Order of Horse 
Betters." His only fault is that when he 
bets on a horse it doesn't win and when 
he doesn't bet on the horse it does win. 

"Ronnie" Miller has a new nickname. 
Maybe you've heard it. It's "Pinkie." One 
look at that "shredded wheat" on his upper 
lip and you'll know where he got it. 

"Russ" Kern claims he spent two weeks 
in January with the National Guard. 
However it was rumored that he was to 
be married about that time. I wish this 
matter could be cleared up once and for 
all. "How about it, Russ?" 

"Al" Clark claims that someday he'll 
beat "Scotty" Doig in a game of golf. 
"Your only chance that I can see, Al, is 
to outlive him." 

On Saturday morning, January 21st, 
nine Coinolidators, namely, E. Lang, R. 
Malcuit, N. Tuevsky, T. Gascoigne, J. 
Hopman, B. Rowan, T. Powers, and 
"Pinkie" Miller, left for Mason's Valley 
for the week-end to hunt rabbits and have 
a good time in general. It was raining 
when they started and snowing when they 
passed through Julian. 

On arriving at their destination, as 
brave as they are, they pitched their tent 
in an old barn, due to the inclement 
weather. Soon the boys were eating a din- 
ner of steak and beans, spare parts and 
delivery dates forgotten for the moment. 

Unfortunately the weather continued to 
be damp and dark, so the rabbits were not 
molested. As the shades of night started to 
fall, some of the boys' minds began to 
wander to the little wifey dear, gazing 
into the fire, listening to the hit parade, 
so majority ruling, they started for home. 

It wasn't much before midnight when 
the boys settled into their warm beds after 
battling such elements as being stuck in 
the sand, snowstorms, trailer hitch break- 
ing, running out of gas and to cap the 
climax by plowing up the neighbor's flower 
bed. However their left-over canned goods 
are packed and waiting for the sunshine 
to signal another attempt for a trip to the 
great out of doors. 

Fresh Out of Excuses? 





f R n n s p R T n 1 1 

i i W J HAT large boxes they are, and 
V V you say they contain flying 
boats going to the Argentine? Why, all 
those mammoth boxes on that boat make it 
look top heavy, and I doubt they will ever 
get there," said a spectator one day in Au- 
gust, 1937, when the P2Y3A's were being 
loaded on a McCormick boat at San Diego. 
Perhaps many have had the same thought, 
and wondered where the material came 
from to make such large planes and parts, 
which are shipped or flown to the far 
corners of the world. 

Coordination of knowledge and effort 
of the Purchasing Department personnel 
under the direction of Mr. Leigh, daily 
solves problems of procuring materials so 
that production is not held up, and air- 
planes and parts safely arrive at the point 
designated by the customer. In accordance 
with the approved type of organization, 
the Couiolidatcd Aircraft Corporation's 
Purchasing Department takes in the Traffic 
Department, Follow-up Department, Re- 
ceiving Department and Shipping Depart- 
ment, as well as Material Control, Raw 
Stock, Purchased Parts Stocks, etc. Eddie 
Jones, in addition to other duties, with his 
assistant, Frank Cary, supervises the Re- 
ceiving and Shipping Departments. Frank 
Field holds the position of Shipping Clerk; 
Fred Rosso, Receiving Clerk, and Bill 
Spaulding is in charge of the packers and 
carpenters who build the shipping boxes. 

Upon receipt of sales orders, the Ship- 
ing Department begins plans for prepara- 
tion of the shipment, working with the 

Planning Department to determine when 
parts will be ready for movement. Lumber 
and supplies necessary are requisitioned, 
and after inspection the parts are packed 
for shipment. By that time, the Traffic 
Department has been contacted, and a 
procedure has been decided upon with due 
respect to classification, rates, sizes of 
boxes, required packing sheets, markings 
and routing instructions. Freight charges 
are based on weight, measurement and 
value, and are fixed by classification, 
rates, routing and rules which are pub- 
lished in books called tariffs, all of which 
are subject to approval by the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, and/or State 
Commissions, and/or the United States 
Maritime Commission. Improper classifi- 
cation or description of the article, and 
evasion of the rules of the tariffs, subject 
the shipper or carrier to heavy fines or im- 
prisonment or both, so it is unwise to make 
shipments without a comprehensive knowl- 
edge of the laws governing the movement 
of freight. Large sums of money annually 
are lost in damage and improper rating 
and routing because many companies do 
not have a traffic department which can 
study and know the problems peculiar 
to its own industry. Discrimination, unin- 
tentional or otherwise, places a burden on 
the uninformed, and it is the work of a 
traffic department to bring these cases to 
the attention of those involved, and by pre- 
senting facts and rulings, proper adjust- 
ments are usually obtained. Traffic Man- 
agement is a broad subject, and while 
much could be said, it is not the inten- 
tion of the writer to bore the reader with 
the technicalities of transportation. 

Many people who came from Buffalo 
will recall that day after day box cars 
were loaded with machinery, materials, 
parts, tools, and even household furniture, 
and personal effects, not to be seen again 
until arrival in San Diego. Considerable 
planning to accomplish this was required. 
In fact, unknown to many, action began 
January, 193 5, to obtain special emer- 
gency rail rates to cover the shipment of 
plant equipment and household furniture. 
In July favorable rates were approved by 
the Interstate Commerce Commission 
which were substantially less than the 
then present rates and contributed a large 
saving in freight cost. The movement of 
the plant began in July and continued 
through August. Fifty of the largest 
freight cars were required for the plant 
equipment, and twcntv-three cars for 

household furniture and personal effects, i 
The entire movement was covered by in- 1 
surance against damage, and while some 
damage occurred, it was all adjusted by 
claims which were filed against the insur- 
ance company and the railroads by the 
Traffic Department. 

Since raw materials and parts used in 
the construction of airplanes substantially 
originate in the east, it was necessary to 
anticipate requirements and allow sufficient 
time for transit. Aluminium Alloy sheet, 
angles, tubing and rods are purchased in 
large quantities, and whenever possible, are 
shipped from the east in carloads. Nearly 
all of the sheet is produced at Alcoa, 
Tenn., while the rods and wire are made 
in Massena, N. Y. Angles and tubing 
originate at New Kensington, Pa. Since 
the carload rate is cheaper than the less 
than carload rate, a car partially loaded is 
started at Massena, the most eastern point, 
and moved to New Kensington, Pa., where 
loading is completed for movement to 
San Diego. This is called "Stopping in 
transit" for which the railroads assess a 
charge of $6.93 per car. However, this 
charge is insignificant since a carload rat- 
ing of $1.93 per cwt. on a 30,000 lb. or 
more load is charged instead of the LCL 
(less than carload) rate of $3.38 and 
$3.08 respectively on the portion out of 
each point. 

For example, if 50,000 lbs. were being 
shipped from each point, a freight saving 
of $3 83.07 is effected by moving a "stop- 
off" car. Hundreds of dollars are thus 
saved by planning the movement and ap- 
plying a proper routing. Similarly a plan 
was accomplished with the Aluminum 
Company to load cars of sheet out of Alcoa 
which contained sheet stock for Consoli- 
dated Aircraft Corporation and other 
companies to the north of us. The car is 
routed through the south and stopped for 
partial unloading at our plant, and then 
proceeds to other plants in the Los Angeles 
area, or San Francisco, or Seattle. The same 
procedure is followed when shipments of 
steel or machinery are to be made from 
the east. 

In addition to receiving carload ship- 
ments of freight, approximately 75,000 
lbs. of material and supplies are received 
in small shipments during the average 
month. The majority of it is routed via a 
carloading company which accumulates 
the LCL shipments from most eastern 
points, and then moves it in carload ship- 
ments from centralized points such as 

March, 1939 


Asshfaiif Material Supervisor and 
Traffic Manager 

Chicago and New York. These cars are 
then unloaded at Los Angeles, for example, 
and the contents are split up and trucked 
to other nearby cities where delivery is 
made direct to the door of the consignee 
at a rate which is less, in many cases, than 
the LCL rail rate. 

During 1938, $3 5,848.34 was paid for 
freight; $27,136.40 to railroads and car- 
loading companies; $4,626.75 to the Rail- 
way Express Agency, and $4,085.19 to 
steamship lines. Of this amount $10,335.82 
was charged back to shippers. In addition 
to the above, thousands of dollars were 
paid by shippers on freight received by 

Approximately two weeks are required 
for time in transit from eastern points, so 
it was found practical and wise for the 
Traffic Department and the Follow-up 
Department to work as one unit. Milton 
Taylor, Assistant Traffic Manager, is re- 
sponsible for the timely delivery of articles 
which are purchased, and he works very 
closely with the Planning Department to 
eliminate delay in production. A consid- 
erable quantity of correspondence passes 
to and from his desk, and with his knowl- 
edge of traffic management he is able to 
select the proper routing and method of 
shipment, giving full consideration to 
Production's requirements, and cost of 
transportation. He audits freight bills to 
see that the classification and rates are in 
order before payment is made, and also 
files claims for loss or damage and over- 
charges which might have been inadvert- 
ently assessed on shipments by the car- 
riers. Taylor sees that supplements to the 
many tariffs are properly filed and watches 
for rate and classification changes, as well 
as new rulings and decisions which might 
affect the movement of our freight, either 
inbound or outbound. 

When time permits, freight is moved to 
and from our plant by water carriers. Gen- 
erally the freight cost on these shipments 
is substantially less than the same move- 
ment routed by truck or rail. Heavy ob- 
jects moved by water are, however, assessed 
a heavy lift charge which is added to the 
regular rate for that description of freight. 
Other items which must be added to the 
water cost arc trucking or rail to and from 

the harbor, wharfage charges, marine in- 
surance premiums, loading charges and 
handling charges. Therefore, in some cases, 
water movement is not advantageous, par- 
ticularly when the item moved might be 
susceptible to damage by additional hand- 
ling and corrosion by moisture. Next May 
a 4,500-ton capacity hydraulic press will 
be shipped from Birdsboro, Pa., to our 
plant. It will weigh approximately 590,- 
000 lbs., and require about nine large flat 
cars for movement. Since Birdsboro is 
only 49 miles from Philadelphia, it will 
probably move by rail and water if pro- 
duction in the plant can spare three weeks 
more time in transit than straight rail 
transit time. Shipment overland by all 
rail would cost about $11,199.54, while 
rail and water cost would be about $8,- 
783.60 or $2,514.94 less than rail. From 
preliminary plans submitted by the manu- 
facturer, several of the major parts will 
weigh 80,000 lbs. each upon which heavy 
lift charges are assessed by the water car- 
riers. For example, the rail-water rate 
would be 19c per cwt. rail to Philadelphia, 
$1.10 per cwt. machinery rate by water, 
heavy lift 5 5c per cwt. plus marine in- 
surance premiums of 27!/^c per $100.00 
valuation, and other costs such as wharf- 
age, switching or trucking. 

Capacities of ships' equipment and size 
of hatches, as well as Harbor facilities must 
also be checked to determine whether or 
not such large and heavy objects can be 
handled from the ship to the dock, and/or 
to the trucks or rail cars for final move- 
ment to destination. 

With respect to sizes of shipments, it 
might be interesting to note that PBY type 
boats boxed, cannot be shipped to Puerto 
Belgrano, Argentine Navy Base, via Buenos 
Aires because the flat cars are too small 
and the railroad clearances are not great 
enough. It would, therefore, be necessary 
to unpack at Buenos Aires or pay the 
steamship company a special fee to go off 
their regular course and call at the Navy 
Docks at Puerto Belgrano. A similar con- 
dition applies to the Russian shipments 
which were made in 193 8. Due to war 
conditions in Mediterranean Sea, some of 
the Russian shipments were routed via 
Antwerp through the North Sea, then 
north of Norway to Barents Sea to a 
Russian port where the large boxes were 
loaded on flat cars and moved south to 
Moscow and south again to Taganrog 
which is in the southern part of Russia near 
the Sea of Azov. To accomplish this, it 
was necessary to remove the sides, tops and 
ends of the hull boxes so that the ship- 
ment would not be damaged or knocked 
from the Russian flat cars. 

Movement in certain sections of the 
United States presents the same hazard. 
The Russian shipment mentioned above, 
which consisted of three large boxes sup- 
ported by three 50-foot flat cars, was 
routed from San Diego to Los Angeles 
harbor by way of San Bernardino. This 
was necessary because of sharp curves in 
the roadbed just this side of Los Angeles. 
The 60-foot hull box on the middle 50- 
foot flat car extended 5 feet over each 
end of the car, and when the tracks curved, 
the projecting ends would extend outward 
away from the center line of the tracks. 
The loading was carefully checked by the 
Santa Fe Railway officials, and it was de- 
termined that there would be approxi- 
mately 4 inches clearance, so it was finally 
accepted for movement. Fortunately, the 
load did not shift nor the wind blow a 
telephone pole toward the tracks, and the 
shipment safely arrived at destination. Be- 
cause of its size, prohibiting movement 
through certain tunnels and bridges, the 
original PBY type boat, built in Buffalo, 
was shipped on flat cars from Buffalo west 
into Ohio, thence south and east through 
Deepwater, Va., to Norfolk, Va., where 
it was set up and flown to Anacostia, D. C. 

Many more shipments to and from our 
plant each have their own interesting 
features, both in planning and handling. 
140 carloads of wing panels and parts 
have been received from Bell Aircraft on 
which the freight cost was reduced $72.00 
per car. The same is true of the float ship- 
ments from Brewster Aeronautical, and 
other shipments. 

In addition to consideration of interde- 
partmental relations, the duties of the Pur- 
chasing and Shipping Personnel have been 
planned and synchronized to cope with 
conditions existing in companies outside 
of our plant over which the management 
has no definite control. Efficiency and 
economy are largely dependent upon 
knowledge and the application of that 
knowledge in a smoothly functioning unit, 
and with this in mind, departments have 
been set up to handle all details assigned 
to it. 

Fred Rosso, Receiving Clerk, checks 
each shipment against its accompanying 
freight bill or delivery slip. The number of 
packages, weight of each, and description 
must agree. Should damage be apparent, 
a notation of exception is made on the re- 
ceipt which he signs for the deliverying 
carrier. Should the contents be damaged, 
the traffic office is informed, and a claim 
is instituted. Receiving reports are made, 
and after making other records, the ship- 
ment is inspected and stored. 

Frank Field, Shipping Clerk, efficiently 



handles .1 mass of detail required to pre- 
pare packing sheets, applications for Navy 
route orders, Government Bills of Lading, 
domestic Bills of Lading, delivery slips, 
express ladings, and other documents. Af- 
ter consulting the Traffic Department, he 
classifies the freight being shipped, and 
sees that the material or parts are properly 
boxed and packed. His colored tag system 
— the stubs of which support the packing 
sheets — insures the arrival of the correct 
parts at the proper destination. 

Bill Spaulding with his carpenters and 
packers, has a very good record for con- 
struction of boxes which will "take it." 
He knows what is required and is entirely 
familiar with Army and Navy specifica- 
tions. Bill can look at a blue print of the 
parts before they are built and pretty well 
tell just what size box will be required, 
and how much it will cost. When racking 
parts in a box car, every inch of space is 
utilized, and after Bill says "ok," we know 
the contents will be received in good order 
at destination. One day several months 
ago, three flat cars were loaded with 42- 
foot boxes containing spare parts for ex- 
port. In transit to Los Angeles, one of the 
cars with our parts was derailed along with 
several other cars in the train. Although 
the load was severely jolted, movement to 
destination was authorized, and the parts 
were found to be undamaged. This is sig- 
nificant of the quality of packing. 

Bob Combe and his men with their 
tractors and cranes are often called upon 
to load and unload freight cars or trucks, 
and large and heavy objects are moved 
safely to their appropriate places. The 
other day a large box weighing 3,700 lbs., 
approximately, was received by Railway 
Express, and while it was small in com- 
parison to hull boxes 60 feet long, weigh- 
ing 28,000 pounds, the problem of how to 
get the box from the baggage car pre- 
sented itself. The Express Company was 
requested to have the baggage car spotted 
on our tracks, since they had no adequate 
equipment to remove the box. Bob Combe 
and his men were called upon, and in less 
than 30 minutes from the time the baggage 
car was placed on our tracks, the heavy 
box, which was nearly as wide as the bag- 
gage car, was unloaded. "Swede" handles 
that new electric lift truck like an engineer 
runs his locomotive. 

This article would not be complete with- 
out a word about Art Lamb, who in addi- 
tion to driving the company truck or cars, 
serves as local pick-up man, buying com- 
mercial items from San Diego shops. Me- 
chanically inclined, he keeps the cars and 
truck in good order, occasionally adding 
an item to improve the equipment. He is 

a competent, likeable fellow, and efficiently 
operates our locil transportation equip- 

Space does not permit the recording of 
additional innumerable interesting phases 
and incidents of traffic management or 
shipping. Transportation is still in its in- 
fancy; for instance, airplane transportation 
has unknown possibilities. While traffic 
management affecting the aircraft in- 
dustry, in the past was almost entirely 
ignored, the time is fast approaching when 
it will be of vital Importance to the sur- 
vival of the industry in its foreign field. 
Maritime shipping subsidies by our govern- 
ment and other governments play an im- 
portant part in the cost of delivering air- 
planes to foreign countries, since the 
freight cost to move them to foreign ports 
is an important figure, ranging from a few 
hundred dollars for small airplanes to ten 
and fifteen thousand dollars for larger air- 
planes. Legislation affecting the railroads, 
truckers, steamship lines, and air trans- 
ports, affects the shipper, receiver and 

In 193 5 Consolidated was one of the 
first aircraft companies to recognize the 
importance of traffic management, and 
after arriving on the west coast, the writer 
approached one of the larger aircraft com- 
panies north of us, pointing out that the 
movement of freight to and from the air- 
craft companies deserved consideration, 
and that the rate structure on aircraft ma- 
terials and parts should be revised down- 
ward. Early in 1938 the Aircraft Traffic 
Association was organized to attack the 
problems confronting all the aircraft in- 
dustry on the west coast. Companies which 
had no traffic department are now con- 
vinced that vast savings had been over- 
looked and their export departments are 
also now making use of the information 
and the assistance which the Association 
offers to all of its members. Needless to 
say, actually thousands of dollars have al- 
ready been saved. 

It is hoped that the information con- 
tained herein will give you a more com- 
prehensive understanding of the words 
"traffic management," "shipping" and 
"transportation," and while the surface 
has only been scratched, should one or 
more individuals in a position to do so, be 
awakened to the possibilities of a career in 
this field, the writer will feel fully re- 
warded for the time and effort expended. 
Then too, several years ago a gentleman 
asked the writer's wife what was the nature 
of her husband's work, and when she re- 
plied he was a traffic manager, the gentle- 
man said, "Oh, does he supervise the park- 
ing of all those automobiles at the plant?" 


THE battle for the Consair bowling 
championship is nearlng its final 
stages at the Sunshine Alleys with six 
of the ten teams valiantly fighting for 
championship honors. While the other 
four still have a chance to come out on 
top — the odds favor the present leaders. 

The Production team composed of E. B. 
Llddle, H. Muck, J. E. Wilkinson, Tom 
Jones, Roy Coykenhall and Arnold Spren- 
ger are at present ensconced in the driver's 
seat with the Wing team, made up of 
Jack Edwards, "Army" Armstrong, Julius 
DeGinlo, Leo V. Danner and Steve Smith 
hot on their trail with only the slimmest 
of margins separating them. 

The Tube Benders and Experimental 
teams are still In the running being only 
six or seven points behind the leaders. It 
is anybody's victory from now on. 

No one has succeeded in displacing the 
high scores turned in sometime ago by 
Steve Smith and Jack Edwards who went 
on a scoring rampage about Christmas 
time. The versatile keglers from the Wing 
team set up total series scores of 630 and 
629 which bid fair to remain high for 
the season. 

It's funny what a drink in the offing 
will do for some keglers — there's Roy 
Schultz of the Maintenance team 'frin- 
stance. Prior to Chet & lone offering a 
free drink for a 200 or over game Roy 
was rarely in the nineties. But with the 
drink offer once made, Roy has come 
through with a winning game nearly every 
week of play. 

E. B. Llddle, lead-off man for the high- 
pressure Production team recently in- 
jured an ankle while playing basketball. He 
has been replaced by H. Muck who will 
essay a little pinch-hitting until the form- 
er's ankle mends. 

"Balll" Galley was Introduced to the 
league about the middle of February hav- 
ing been given a berth with the Experi- 
mental club. Galley does a lot of practic- 
ing on the side and ought to develop into 
a point winner for his club. 

Carl Helm of the Machine Shop may 
well boast of his newly acquired but com- 
plimentary title "King of the Chair-Duck 
Keglers." Helm has demonstrated his su- 
periority over the city's finest chair duck 
bowlers. He has yet to lose a contest. The 

The author always wanted to clear up that 
point in the questioner's mind. 

March, 1939 


game was invented by the laziest kegler in 
the world and is especially designed for 
the tired business man as well as the pro- 
ponents of the sit-down strikers. 

Michael Brooks, according to paper rec- 
ords is Consair's most able and consistent 
kegler. Mike has a 176 average to top the 
field. Arnold Sprenger is rated second 
with 174 and Steve Smith third with 172. 
Irving Craig enjoys fourth honors with 
an average of 170 and fifth, but still 
formidable, is Jack Edwards with 169. 

The Wing team still holds undisputable 
high game and series honors according to 
the Board of Merit maintained by the local 
ABC. The Wings have posted a 950 for 
high game and 2698 for the three game 
route. These scores are exclusive of handi- 

Several Consair keglers have signed up 
for membership in the Sunshine Alley's 
240 Club. J. E. Wilkinson, J. E. Ed- 
wards, Steve Smith, Carl Heim, Roy 
Schultz and Gene Tibbs are among those 
who will receive special recognition and 
consideration if they ever tally a game 
of 240 or over at the Sunshine. It was 
just too bad that Mike Brooks and Leo 
Banner didn't sign up prior to Feb. 11th 
as on that date Banner pegged a slick 
2 50 and Brooks copped a 246. 

Leave it to T. J. "Father" Coughlin to 
organize a bowling league. The Consair 
Engineer circuit is the most evenly 
matched league assembled at the Sunshine 
in over a decade. Four teams, the Hull, 
Equipment, General and Armaments are 
tied for first place with 19 points won 
and 17 lost. The Loft and Power quints 
bring up the rear with 16 won and 20 
lost by each team. Flip a coin and you 
have the champs. 

The rumor that Night Super Emerick 
has given up bowling has been definitely 
spiked. He appears quite frequently in the 
early afternoons and manages to get in 
his daily dozen behind closed doors. And 
observers see a big improvement in his 

Consair league standing as of Feb. 18th: 

Consair League 




Tube Benders 

Machine Shop 

Hull No. 2 

Sheet Metal 

Hull No. 1 


Final Assembly 









THINGS have really been happening 
at the Flying Club field. We planned 
to have fun at our Hard Times dance 
which took place February 18 th, but it 
nearly turned into a gloom session. Orv 
Hubbard, our Operations Manager, and 
Bill Travis, in preparation for Orv's com- 
mercial license, took off for El Centro 
Saturday morning at 7:00 and were due 
back by 9:30. After finding out they 
hadn't arrived in El Centro at noon, search 
parties, the Sheriff's office. Navy planes 
and the Coast Guard started a search. 

The two "Corrigans" returned at dusk 
after having looked all over lower Cali- 
fornia for El Centro, running out of gas, 
and finally returning to the home port at 
5:45 p.m. The funny part is that the La- 
guna Salada lake in Mexico which Orv 
mistook for the Salton Sea, is a Salt Lake 
and resembles the contour of the Salton 
Sea . . . and as the "Mog" says, "If sev- 
eral 'Big Shots' have made the same mis- 
take, why I'm right in their class!" 

Everyone was so glad to get their ship 
back that they really "went to town" at 
the dance. The music was swell, the cos- 
tumes funny and the beer ever so good. 
If you missed the dance, you missed a 
good one. 

Buring the past month Andy Anderson 
and Bob Johnson have soloed and bought 
their beer. We were all glad to see Fred 
Young return from Seattle. Chas. Fregeau 
obtained his Private License this month. 
Watch for our Anniversary story in the 
local papers around March 4th. 

Maxine Hubbard. 

Leo Bourdon claims the story printed 
about his throwing the anchor overboard 
without a rope attached, was a good story 
and undoubtedly it had to be pinned on 
someone; but he admits another: It seems 
he took down the door to his garage so 
that he could cut in it a smaller door for 
the use of his dog. When he took it down he 
discovered that someone had broken into 
the garage and taken his rubbertired wheel- 
barrow with which he has been doing con- 
siderable landscaping. That burned Leo, 
plenty. So much in fact, that when Leo 
completed the special entrance for his dog, 
he found he had cut it in the top of the 
door! It is now transformed into a window. 

soHRinc neuis 

Br lirry K. Litcll 

AT the last meeting of the Associated 
Glider Clubs, we learned that our 
Association has a fair chance to obtain 
Government aid so that we can help train 
some of the 20,000 new pilots. 

America is taking a tip from the Euro- 
pean countries who have long since seen 
the economy of subsidizing gliding and 
flying clubs as a means of keeping a re- 
serve of pilot material on hand. This will 
give U. S. a wider field of selection for 
military pilots and, as in France, the re- 
serve officers will take advanced soaring 
time to improve their flying and learn the 
use of updrafts to gain altitude in combat. 
In order to have a suitable training 
program perfected by fall the club will 
buy a modern two-place sailplane. Judg- 
ing from the interest shown, the ship will 
be financed mostly by "Consolidated" em- 
ployees, and should be here by the time 
this is read. Two-place sailplanes of 
American make can be counted on one 
hand. None are in production and only 
one has an A. T. C. But they will cer- 
tainly be needed, so here is an oppor- 
tunity for some far-sighted manufacturer. 

The ship under consideration is the 
German "Grunau", the most widely used 
two-place trainer in the world. This will 
give every club member a chance at dual 
soaring under a competent instructor. 
The club already has two licensed in- 
structors and three more who can qualify 
immediately, even under the new regu- 
lations. So, this summer, San Biego should 
have 25 new soaring pilots with the high- 
est rating in the N. A. A., deserving the 
better ships that Uncle Sam will give 


Fred Caster was out riding early Sun- 
day morning Feb. 17th and he met two 
polar bears on their way to San Biego. 
The Chamber of Commerce had better 
get a fence around this place. 

For the first time this season the Exp. 
bowling team is getting interested in the 
prizes given for 1st place ... I wonder 

Tom Bunch tells everyone he has sworn 
off "Tobacco" ... if you know what I 

Eddie Klenner received a X-mas box, 
this late in the season, from his Palsy- 
walsy, Otto! 

Experimental's bowling team carries 6 
men on it. If Ed Hanzlik is bowling well, 
one man has to go for his Grand Pa! 

No. 8027. 




By Boiilcy 

Take the case of young Lutz 

With whom Dan Cupid's in cahoots, 

For on Thursday, March 2, 

He will murmur "I do!" 
And on Friday we'll smoke the cheroots. 

AFTER several weeks of experiment on 
t .1 vegetable diet (with occasional 
eggs and oysters), and after inquiring into 
the price of retreads, Bob Lutz is finally 
convinced that two can live as cheaply 
as one. As a consequence, he will soon have 
a new beneficiary for his insurance policy 
in the person of Mrs. Robert Jackson Lutz, 
now Miss Mary Elizabeth Reps. His de- 
parture brings a feeling of mingled joy 
and regret to his cronies at the Albatross 
Street boarding house, for they must find 
a new person upon whom to shower their 
advice. On the other hand, they will find 
relief in spending no more nights sleeping 
on mothballs beneath the sheets and no 
longer finding their bathwater strongly 
tinctured with turpentine. 

Speaking of insurance policies, the 
"Aetna will get you if you don't watch 
out" slogan was passed unheeded by Jimmy 
Syren until too late, and he now finds 
himself engaged to Miss Harriet Wolcott, 
who happens to be a daughter of our w.k. 
friend Paul Wolcott. We hear that Don 
Wheat is also steering an erratic course 
that may land him on the rocks of matri- 

Probably the most sensational vital sta- 
tistics of the month, however, was sup- 
plied by Oscar William Moerschel, that 
famous bachelor, envy of the married 
men, et al. After being given the third 
degree and subjected to several mediaeval 
methods of torture Bud finally admitted 
late in February that nuptials had de- 
scended upon him one day in Yuma. In 
his confusion Bud kissed the bride far too 
early in the ceremony and then had to do 
it all over again at the proper time. But 
anyway, the former Miss Hazel Bailey is 
now Mrs. Moerschel. 

Turning from symptoms to effects we 
observe that the stork, storm-ridden and 
battered by heavy gales, decided to drop 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

"The Home of Aviation" 

a useful load item as he passed over San 
Diego. The result was the delivery of an- 
other son, Edward, to the Linderfelt home. 
A girl had been ordered but the mistake 
was evidently caused by rain on the stork's 
glasses. At any rate Hal is still the envy 
of Eddie Cantor and Howard Macdonald. 

"Well, well," ask our readers, "what is 
the cause of all this flurry of activity in 
the Veils and Wails Department?" Ever 
in accordance with our policy of eagerly 
supplying the strict truth in all matters, 
our operatives have located the source of 
the trouble in the person of Gene Holston. 
A short time ago Gene became interested 
in archery and made himself a bow and 
a quiver of arrows. As he grew more pro- 
ficient at the pastime it was only natural 
that he should seek to become Dan Cupid's 
representative in this district. If his pres- 
ent accuracy holds out it should be only 
a matter of time now until Ken Whitney, 
Dutch Altgilbers and Clarence Gerber are 
clicked in the cardiac by darts a la Holston. 

Henry Mandolf is reputed to have ob- 
tained his blush from skiing in the moun- 
tains but we hear that it was caused by an 
incident involving the family black cat. 
A small neighbor boy reported the cat 
run over the other night and Henry and 
wife went out to inspect the corpse. They 
identified it as their cat and Mrs. Mandolf 
asked Henry to bury it. Henry was read- 
ing a technical article on the selectivity 
of the oboe so he said that he would do it 
later. Midnight came and Henry got the 
pick and shovel and started the interment 
in the hard ground beside the canyon road. 
The echoes aroused first neighbors and 
finally suspicions and soon he was having 
to explain to prowl car officers that it was 
not a wife or child but a cat he was hid- 
ing away. After various and sundry em- 
barrassments he completed the task and 
started for home. As he entered the house 
and started to raid the ice-box what should 
strut across his path with tail erect but 
the Mandolf black cat! Henry is still 
looking for someone to sue. 

Oh yes, in closing we are glad to see 
that the maintenance department has in- 
stalled the low-hanging paper towel racks 
in the lavatory as requested by Herb Gill, 
Erv Watts and Gil Payton. 

We have it on good authority that 
Jimmy Patton of the Machine Shop was 
at the American Legion Dance recently 
and won an order for a permanent wave. 
Anyone else would have given it to his 


Bert Freakley was home for a week rest- 
ing due to a back injury he received while 
he was fishing. From the information we J 
have received, Bert slipped on the boat 
and while trying to regain his balance 
twisted and threw some vertebrae out of 
place. We are all wondering what story 
Bert will have when he comes back. He 
may tell us the fish was so big that he 
strained his back trying to land him . . . 
we wonder! 

We have just discovered a new name for 
a couple of the boys, who will under- 
stand: Cloud Flegal has been named 
"Lucky," Clyde Hammett's new name is 

Slim Franklin is thinking very strongly 
about going fishing these week ends. I 
sincerely hope he gets another boat, so he 
will be sure of getting back before 7:30 
Monday mornings. 

Herman Deischl is still figuring on that 
Automatic grape crusher of his! 

Danny Whorton, No. 2813. 


By Al Griffith 

TOMMY GASCOIGNE of the cover- 
ing department spends his week-ends 
collecting honey, or shall we say, getting 
stung. _He says it was worth it. He got 50 
pounds of honey. 

Bob Wood of covering, is building a 
24-foot boat for fishing, powered with a 
new Studebaker engine. Maybe we can go 
fishing. I hope Butterfield can go, as you 
should see that boy cast! 

J. L. (Benny) Leonard was found deep 
in a mineral problem in his laboratory, 
and later found out it was only a chunk 
of concrete. 

"Madam" Bibbs, of the upholstery de- 
partment, says the only reason you don't 
hear anything of his department is every- 
thing goes on so smooth. 

Orv (Wrong Way) Hubbard, in the 
doping department, is starting a class in 
navigation for the boys. Say, he sure took 
a long trip to get a Mexican costume for 
the dance! 

Joe (Gardenia) Wickstrom of covering 
is taking a home study course in land- 
scaping and is trying it out at home . . . 
says he has nothing to lose. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Linderfelt 
on February 7th at the Mercy Hospital, 
young Mr. Edward Neal Linderfelt who 
checked in at 8 ' 2 pounds. . . Congratu- 

March, 1939 


consoiioRTED PHiiosoPHv nmDPLnnG, sEHPinnE 

The smallest actual good is better than 
the most magnificent promise of impos- 

Don't be a fault-finding grouch; when 
you feel like finding fault with somebody 
or something, stop for a moment and 
think; there is very apt to be something 
wrong with yourself. Don't permit your- 
self to show temper, and always remember 
that when you are in the right you can 
afford to keep your temper, and when you 
are in the wrong you cannot afford to 
loose it. 

The old adage "You can't teach an old 
dog new tricks" isn't even true for dogs, 
and its application to people is absurd. 

Opportunity is rare, and the wise man 
will never let it go by him. 

The most profitable criticism is self- 

Quality is never an accident. It is al- 
w<iys the result of intelligent effort. There 
must be the will to produce a superior 

To know how to suggest is the great art 
of teaching. 

A retentive memory is a good thing, 
but the ability to forget is the true token 
of greatness. 

If you wish for success in life, make 

perseverance your bosom friend, experience 

your wise counsellor, caution your elder 

brother, and hope your guardian genius. 

D. R. K. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. John Stark of the 
Covering Department, a 6 pound, 13 oz. 
baby girl on January 21st. The name. Miss 
Gail Evans Stark. Congratulations to all. 

All the many friends of Calvin C. 
Damon express their sympathy in his re- 
cent passing. Interment was at the Ft. 
Rosecrans Cemetery on Point Loma. 

The key for this will be found in that 
the fact the wise men knew that they 
were very wise. Now number one the 
man that held up his hand could see but 
two red hats, but he knew that if he had 
worn a blue hat number two would im- 
mediately have held up his hand as num- 
ber two would know that if number 
three could see two blue hats he would 
hold up his hand. Since neither two or 
three had held up their hand and since he 
knew that they were wise enough to 
figure either of the contingencies that 
might have arisen he was sure that he must 
also have on a Red hat. 

FEW persons realize the outstanding 
difference in structural requirements 
of a basic nature, between those of a land- 
plane and those of a seaplane or flying 
boat. This probably is because few per- 
sons have been fortunate enough to wit- 
ness a seaplane undergoing rough water 
tests ... a highly interesting spectacle of 
a flying boat being given a real working 
over ... a proofing test conducted at sea, 
generally in inclement weather, greatly 
exaggerating any conditions the plane will 
be put to in actual service ... to test just 
how much "intestinal fortitude" is wrap- 
ped up in the new design. 

While it is designed to take tough load- 
ings as everyone knows, the landplane 
nevertheless is designed for, and accus- 
tomed to, landing on an airport of reason- 
able smoothness. It is not designed for 
landing on, and definitely not designed for 
landing into, a mountainside . . . not with 
any degree of alacrity at least. The flying 
boat, while probably it will not be called 
upon throughout its entire life to alight 
upon "fields" other than those as rela- 
tively smooth as those of the landcraft, 
nevertheless is designed to take a wham- 
baming into mountains of water, and a 
rough water test is a thorough proof of its 
ability to take just such treatment. 

In these tests the plane does not have the 
normal advantage of easing down onto 
the surface of the water by encountering 
It at a very slight angle. There are waves 
and groundswells to contend with, and 
these become mountains in both substance 
and feel, as the speed of the flying boat in- 
creases. The landings and takeoffs must 
of course be made into the wind, and 
nature generally arranges for the wind to 
cross and augment the action of the 
swells and waves. At the very moment of 
landing, a touch on the far stern of a boat 
on the crest of one wave may have the 

tendency of forcing the boat to plow its 
nose with the full force of its momentum 
into the next coming swell. 

In our normal encounter with water we 
are apt to feel that it will yield the right- 
of-way to our inclinations with little re- 
sistance. And this it does, but as the speed 
with which we wish to push it aside in- 
creases, so does its tenacity for remaining 
"as is." The inertia of a small drop of 
water to the speeding vanes of a steam 
turbine will shatter the steel blades, so vio- 
lent does this action become at very high 
speeds. Thus, but to a lesser extent than 
that of the turbine blades traveling at 
perhaps 400 miles per hour, the landing 
seaplane in the particularly severe rough 
water testing of its worthiness, takes what 
might be likened to a slide down a full 
flight of stairs on the seat of the trousers. 
Several sound smacks of solid water on the 
hull are to be expected before the plane 
can make a take-off during one of these 
tests, and a similar number as it again 
comes to rest. The rough water test proves 
the flying boat fully capable of a tilt with 
open water at its most cantankerous, ready 
to take normally rough conditions with 
the greatest ease. 

The essential difference between the land 
and sea craft in basic structural require- 
ment is that the landplane has its landing 
loads somewhat conveniently concentrated 
In the three points of the landing gear, and 
normally receives the loads through these 
points only. A seaplane, however, is apt 
to have the full brunt of a blow in 
manoeuvering on rough water, delivered to 
it from almost any quarter, highly load- 
ing that particular vicinity and throwing, 
likely as not, a strong wrenching twist to 
the whole hull and structure. The seaplane 
just naturally has to be tough all over, the 
landplane in concentrated spots. 


iD (hn/>iM.'WH 

That when you BUILD a new HOME— it will pay you to take advantage of 
our one-stop service— where we have ELEVEN different BUILDING MATE- 
RIAL DEPARTMENTS to serve you— including Building, Modernization and 
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Main Store 14th and K. Other Locations: 4128 University— Oceansidc — Brawley — El Centro 




Consolicla/cits first official "Bird Chaser" 
competition held on 1 5 February, at- 
tracted more than fifty participants, whose 
friendly competitive spirit, enthusiasm 
and cooperation made the first round a 

Matches were held in all but the mixed 
doubles events which will be the last to 
be scheduled. 

There were many fine games in both 
veteran and novice events. 

The committee contemplates including 
a "Consolation" round in future tourna- 
ments to allow those eliminated more than 
one opportunity to win. Future tourna- 
ments will also feature a "Seeded" list to 
be based on results of this competition. 

The committee wishes to thank all who 
appeared for the cooperation and good 
spirit which prevailed. 

Special thanks are due Mr. Gilchrist 
whose interest and assistance are largely 
responsible for the promotion and success 
of our tournament. 


Al (Baba) Ballard have a woman's 
changeable mind with that mustache of 
his? Once it is, once it isn't. 

Steve Powell always salute everyone he 

Roy Coykendall think he can bowl a 23 8 
game when it's hard for him to roll 13 8? 

Red Kimball work on his teeth so 
much with the chewing gum? ... it seems 
Red came from such a cold town that his 
teeth were always chattering, so, to ab- 
sorb the shock, he chews gum. 

Steve Smith gloat so over the score he 
and his teammates rolled the other week 
... 682 total for five men, with Steve the 
high man with 145! 

Hank Golem think that he can com- 
pete with Clark Gable in having a fancy 

H. Haupman promise to play golf and at 
the last minute refuse to go out and get 
a low score of 69 -|-? 

S. Matusek promise boat rides for three 
years, and fail to do so? 

Eddie Raymond. 

Good Food at 
Moderate Prices 

Open Sundays 
and Holidays 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixtk Ave. 

Bet^veen Broadway and C St., San Diego 

Left to Right — Top — Bob Passemheim, Paul 
Gaughen, Russ Gaughen, Vincent Gilmorc. 
Bottom — Buster Snow, Roy Larccval, George 

Purchasing Department's Red Devils 
Basketball Team, making its opening bid 
for the championship of the second round 
of the Conwlidated Basketball League, de- 
feated the strong defensive Production 
Quintet 2 8 to 10. Throughout the first 
three quarters of the game the Red Devils 
were held in check by the green panty lads 
of Production. But, the fourth quarter, 
the Red Devils turned on the heat, so hot, 
that the green panty lads' unsuccessful at- 
tempts to turn off the heat, made their 
coach's eyes burn with rage. (Can you 
picture Ed Stuart in a rage?) 

Eddie Jones, who is camera shy, coaches 
the Red Devils and is doing an excellent 
job. The fellows on the team would like to 
take this opportunity to thank Eddie for 
giving his time to coaching the team and 
hope to make him a present of the second 
round championship. 

Beware Final Assembly, Engineering, 
,ind Hull, the Red Devils are getting too 
hot to handle. . ^i 


Mr. Douglas McDougal, Production En- 
gmeering, has accepted the appointment 
of coach for the Consolidafed Aircraft 
Gun Club. McDougal is a graduate of the 
Small Arms Firing School of the national 
matches at Camp Perry. He has a National 
Rifle Association instructor's certificate 
and also holds a certificate from the Marine 
Corps Small Arms Firing School. 

As noted in another article of this issue, 
"Mac" was high scorer with 2 86 in the 
recent match of the Consolidated Gun 
Club with th; Silver Gate Rifle Club. In- 
cidentally, McDougal holds the record for 
the best score shot on the Consolidated 
range at Stanley Andrews. 

Unquestionably, McDougal is well qual- 
fied for this position and his coaching will 
improve the scores of the Consolidated 
Gun Club shooters. Howard Golem. 

COUGHLinS coucHins 

''P^HE Engineers held their monthly 
A Golf Tournament at the Rancho 
Santa Fe Golf Course on Saturday, Feb. 
11, 1939, and it was a grand success. 

This tournament was a qualifying 
round of golf for match play, and the 
winners of the tournament at Rancho 
Santa Fe are listed below: 
First Flight 

1st Low Net, Coughlin 73 

2nd Low Net, Moe 74 

3rd Low Net, Ekrem, Ring 79 

Low Gross, Sheahan 88 

Low Putts, Bourque 33 

Kickers' Handicap, Farnsworth 79 

Second Flight 

1st Low Net, Freel 76 

2nd Low Net, Schwarz 77 

3rd Low Net, Waller 79 

4th Low Net, Stephens 81 

Low Gross, May, Smeltzer 106 

Low Putts, McGuiness, Bender 33 

Kickers' Handicap, Weber 84 

Third Flight 
1st Low Net, Goddard 66 

2nd Low Net, Lutz 71 

3rd Low Net, Dormoy 79 

4th Low Net, Winters 79 

5th Low Net, Palsulich 80 

Low Gross, Eldred, Rosenbaum 112 

Low Putts, Mohr 33 

Kickers' Handicap, Carroll 83 

The winners of the golf tournament held 
at the San Diego Country Club in De- 
cember, 193 8, are listed below: 

First Flight 
1st Low Net, Bourque 72 

2nd Low Net, Hemphill 73 

3rd Low Net, Coughlin 75 

4th Low Net, Miller 77 

Low Gross, Sheahan 86 

Second Flight 

1st Low Net, McGuiness 72 

2nd Low Net, Friel 73 

3rd Low Net, Bauer 77 

4th Low Net, Weber, Kelley, Carlson 79 

Low Gross, Schwarz 103 

Third Flight 

1 St Low Net, Dolan 70 

2nd Low Net, Hinckley 74 

3rd Low Net, Achterkirchen 76 

4th Low Net, Taber 76 

Low Gross, Rosenbaum 107 


Did you ever hear or see a league stand- 
ing in any bowling league as listed below? 
Won Lost 
1— Hull 19 17 

2 — Armament 19 17 

3 — General 19 17 

4 — Equipment 19 17 

5 — Loft 16 20 

6 — Power Plant 16 20 

March, 1939 



We were wrong about those being "fog 
glasses" Bob Morse wore to see getting 
out of La Jolla in the morning. They are to 
'■ I ■' HE highlight of the social calendar yau notice the sympathy he is getting protect his eyes from flying bits of loose 

J- for the month was the swell dance 
sponsored by Tommy Butterfield and his 
San Diego Flying Club buddies at Sunny- 
side a few nights back. After watching 
some of those "birds" doing their stuff, we 
decided you don't need a plane to stunt, 
but to go into a tailspin on a dance floor 
is bad. There seemed to be plenty of fuel 
to keep everyone in the air and outside of 
a few minor crackups and one point land- 
ings, it was a humdinger of a get-to- 
gether. We left at a late hour when most 
of the guests were gliding and the return 
trip was blind flying. It was a "hard times" 
affair and one time that I wore my best 
clothes without feeling that unusual in- 
feriority complex. Great stuff fellows and 
let's have many more of 'em. 

Difficulties are still encountered and 
overcome by that master ship builder 
"Popeye" Hibert whose staunch and sea- 
worthy craft is destined to control the La 
Jolla shores. The laborer who cleaned out 
the garage and reversed ends with the 
boat caused "Chuck" to reconstruct what 
he believed to be the front end which, 
with two prows, now gives the vessel the 
appearance of two PBY's in a tug of war. 
Using his spare tire to furnish air for his 
spray gun caused himself and fellow riders 
some difficulty in getting a flat fixed the 
other night. The only tools found in the 
car were a shovel and a short length of 
rubber hose, a great help when out of gas 
on a quiet street. Soon, however, he will 
be sailing in with the other tires serving 
as life preservers and the shovel for bail- 
ing out. "Chuck" is offering a free ride 
for a suitable name for the boat in case 
one can be found that the wife has not 
already used. 

A warning to you dispatchers to keep 
on your toes as Chief Mulroy, after drop- 
ping that waist line down some several 
cubic inches, is not as easy to see as before 
and much faster on his feet. It's going to 
mean a new wardrobe for Jack, however, if 
he wants to keep the slack out of his pants. 
We suggest a copyright on the formula 
as plenty of the "beef trust" around town 
are ready to pay for the right dope. George 
Young contends, however, that Jack is not 
near as happy and that the sad look on his 
face when someone opens a beer is un- 

The Production basketball team had a 
tough break when Bill Liddle, as good a 
forward on the court as he is a tackle 
in the parlor, suffered an ankle fracture 
during the game with Purchasing. When 

from the young ladies, you feel like break- automobile in the "La Jolla to Cousoli- 
ing both your own legs. Old dependable dated" handicap race to beat the morning 

Lloyd Bender is also right there ready to 
push him around from place to place. 
Bill says he had quite a struggle with him- 
self trying to decide whether to stay away 
and draw compensation or come back 
where he could smoke Ray Hartmeyer's 

If Charley Tailer shows up one of these 
mornings looking like an escape from a 
cyclone, you can assume that he has en- 
countered a pal's wife waiting up for 
Charley to bring dear hubby home. Drop 
them off on the corner, Charley, and keep 
the motor running as we need you around 
the tool room. 

Ehminate that fourth quarter and the 
Production basketball team will have a 
chance for some wins in the league. The 
fellows just cannot "poosch 'em up" 
enough in the final frame and get nosed 
out. Kirby, Clark, Matusek, Liddle, An- 
derson, Luppke, Aiken and Deitzer, are all 
playing hangup ball and sure threw a 
scare into the favorite Hull quintet before 
bowing 11 to 8. The doctors report Glenn 
Hotchkiss is recuperating from his nerv- 
ous breakdown and when he can realize his 
summer vacation and beer money is safe 
his heart action will revert to normal and 
he will be good as new. I can sympathize 
Glenn, as I had quite a few bucks on 
U.S.C. in the Rose Bowl. 

Jim Eiseman doesn't mind being accused 
of stealing Ben Keigle's lunch but pro- 
claims innocence of breaking the thermos 
bottle. "That slavery model, fugitive from 
a wrecking yard, he drives, shakes his 
bottle to pieces," says Jim, "and then after 
I have a bit of lunch he blames mc for 
breaking it." Jim maintains it's all for 
Ben's sake as he is getting too thick around 
the middle and should be on a diet any- 

whistle. "There they come, here they be, 
there they go" say the roadside inhabitants 
as they begin to descend from the safety 
of the trees and housetops after the "Hell 
Drivers" roar by with Boeing leading, 
Henniger second coming up; Blume hold- 
ing third; Morse taking Drowne on the 
turn and Hiebert holding on with his feet 
pushed through the floor boards. Remem- 
ber, "Chuck", what the wife said about 
riding with that "wildman" Boeing. 

When Paul Gaughen asks for a bit of 
cellophane to repair a leak in his cigarette, 
Joe Maloney deduces that payday is near. 
Someone should remind Paul of the good 
"pickin' " from the can in the hallway. 
A little "sand in the craw" is good for 
digestion and you can always find the 
brand you use. 

"That "Jungle rhythm' coupled with 
drop hammer and air drills, finally ac- 
complished the complete brain collapse of 
Boeing and Von Meeden in the cage" 
tearfully relates Ed Stewart. Chief Thomp- 
son now has it locked up with the lads 
looking out and it would take the nerve 
of a Frank Buck to enter. There is a 
warning not to stand too close or throw 
too many peanuts as Boeing is overweight 
now. On special occasions. Larry is led 
down to "Cecil's Grill" in La Jolla where 
he entertains the town folks. 

Coykendall and Jones finally poured out 
their hearts and told us the secret of the 
Production bowlers' winning streak that 
has them sitting on top of the heap. One 
big glass before the game, they say, steadies 
the nerves, sharpens the eye and gives them 
so much confidence that those stubborn 
pins just roll over and give up. With Lid- 
dle injured, they are now debating 
whether it should be two glasses or let 
Springer and Wilkinson in on the secret. 



ihe &x.penie b a m&ttet ok uout oivn deilte 


Fourth Ave. and Ash St. MORTUARY Phone, Main 6168 



That rabbit's foot Ted Anderson uses 
at those little sociable games still pro- 
duces "buck fever" instead of "rabbit 
fever" and the fellows have decided it 
better to "ante up" before the game and 
send him to a show. Connie Seaderquist 
has a substitute from a black cat's hind 
leg, dyed, and ready to exchange for Ted's 
charm when the opportunity affords. 

Unless an advance calendar for 1940 
is supplied, those words of wisdom of 
Philosopher Russ Kern "saga of the In- 
spection Department," that inspires his fel- 
lowman toward greater heights will expire 
about May, 

Art Sugs, Tank Department Inspector 
informs us that he will do his fishing this 
season in the Department Test Tank. "You 
need a lamp to get a sunburn anyway" says 
Art. "I never catch anything in the surf, 
so why go out and get wet and sandy." 

Jeff Bouley's comment in his very good 
column "Drifting Through Drafting" 
about that "Ghost writer" business was 
kinda nasty. The "ghost" gets the credit 
and get the h — . 'Tain't fair Jeff, as it 
takes me a long time to copy this stuff 
out of those joke books and anyway, I fill 
in the names. 

Charles Wegner's wife presented him 
with a bouncing boy on Saturday, January 
2 8th. Congratulations, Charley, from the 
Leading Edge Gang, and may all your 
troubles be little ones. 

We learn that Arne Vinje, of Engineer- 
ing, and his wife drove to the theatre re- 
cently, walked home and then reported 
their car stolen the next A.M. It would 
be a good idea for this couple to hold hands 
while out together for if they ever sep- 
arated the "Missing Person's Bureau" 
would probably get a report from each of 

Sherwin - 



a pint 

Lots of fun with Enameloid. Covers 
cverytfiing with a glass-like sur- 
face, smooth as enamel. 

• Many colors to choose from! 

• Dries dust-free in quick time. 

• One coat covers. 

• Does not show dust marks. 

pninr - uurllprper 

Broaauuau .< Tenth ' 
Franklin 6207 

■ihr-rivin - Uillams Distributor 

Chief Mulroy didn't know "the little 
yellow basket" was lost until he read 
about it in the last issue but he must have 
gone after it as the darn thing has been 
found and everybody's happy. Bob Morse 
can't figure it out as he is still looking 
for a center section that disappeared three 
weeks ago. 

Paul Hoch informs us that Johnny 
Kester, Mayor of Mission Beach, believes 
in making use of his new auto. Besides 
serving as excellent sleeping quarters, we 
learn Johnny plans on putting a stove 
and shower in the back, giving up his 
house and making it a permanent resi- 
dence. This "gypsy's" address will now be 
a license number somewhere on the high- 
way between the plant and Mission Beach. 

"Father" Tom Coughlin and Mack Mc- 
Guiness wish to send out an appeal to 
Sam Snead, the West Virginia hillbilly 
golfer, to start hitting them down the 
fairway again for the sake of "Farny" 
Farnsworth. Since Snead started his losing 
streak "Farny" has lost most of the hair 
on his head and upper lip as well as wear- 
ing out his vest with his chin. 

nBunonnT uiehlth 

Here's a tip that might serve to re- 
plenish the much depleted church treas- 
uries. At least it worked in the little 
"cullahed" church in the south. The col- 
lections had fallen off to an extent that 
the pastor was obliged to go hungry part 
of the time. One Sunday morning he de- 
cided to make a short address before the 
plate was passed. 

"Ah doan wan' no man to gib mo' dan 
his share, bredderen," he said, gently, "but 
we mus' all gib accordin' to what we 
rightly has. Ah say 'rightly has,' bred- 
deren, 'cauce we doan want no tainted 
money in dis box. Squire Jones tol' me dat 
he don miss some chickens dis week. Now, 
if eny ob our bredderen hab fallen by de 
wayside in connection wif dem chickens, 
let him stay his han' from de box. Deacon 
Smiff, please pass de box wile Ah watches 
de signs an' see if enybody in dis con- 
gregation needs me to wrastle in prayer 
fo' 'im." . -pi 

Two darkies were discussing their neigh- 
borhood banker . . . 

"Dey say he's kinda tight," said one. 

"Tight nothing!" says the other. "Dat 
man's as lib'l as dey makes 'em. He loaned 
me five dollahs two years ago, and he 
ain' neveh ast fo' it yit! Eb'ry Sat'day I 
goes 'roun' an pays 'm two bits in trust, 
and he say foh me not to worry 'bout no 
principal. No Suh! Dat banker shuah am 
white!" Bill Gilchrist. 

SomE DnTES In HumTion 

178 5 — Jean P. Blanchard of France and 
Dr. John Jeffries, an American, crossed 
the English channel by balloon. 

18 57 — Jean-Marie Le Bris, first man to 
make a flight in a heavier-than-air craft, 
by means of a glider drawn by a horse. 

1861-— T. S. C. Lowe reported a Civil War 
battle from a captive balloon. 

1863 — De La Landelle of France, coined 
the word "Aviation." 

1901 — Santos-Dumont piloted his balloon 
or semi-dirigible around the Eiffel 
Tower, winning 129,000 francs in 

1903 — The Wright Brothers flew their 
power-driven airplane. First flight, Or- 
ville at the controls; duration 12 sec- 

1909 — Louis Bleriot flew the English 

1911 — The first seaplane flight became a 
reality. Glenn H. Curtiss from San 
Diego Bay. 

1923 — Consolidated Aircraft Corporation 

192-4 — Night flying inaugurated on trans- 
continental airmail service. 

1927 — Charles A. Lindbergh flight from 
New York to Paris. 

1929 — First blind landing made under a 
hood by Major J. H. Doolittle. 

1932 — First blind landing solo, Capt. A. 
F. Hegenberger. 

1934 — First successful massed flight from 
San Francisco to Hawaii. Six Consoli- 
dated P2Y-1 planes of the U. S. Navy. 

193 5 — Consolidated Aircraft Corporation 
moves from Buffalo, N. Y. to San Diego, 

1937 — 12 PBYs make first non-stop for- 
mation flight from San Diego to Hawaii. 

1937 — First transcontinental flving boat 
flight, San Diego to New York by 
Richard Archbold in Consolidated PBY. 

Here is a good puzzle from Weihmiller 
In Washington . . . 

Shown are the conventional top view 
and front elevation of a solid. Draw the 
side elevation. 



THE Consolidated Aircraft Gun Club 
is now officially affiliated with the 
National Rifle Association and eligible to 
compete in all N. R. A. registered shoots. 
On Feb. 6th we fired a 3-position match 
at the Stanley Andrews Co. range, against 
the Silvergate Rifle Club of San Diego. 
Although we did not expect to out-shoot 
this highly experienced group of small 
bare rifle shooters, we were greatly sur- 
prised and pleased to come within 5 1 points 
of beating them. Their total for the 5 
high shooters was 1404 against our total 
of 1367. Our club did, however, enjoy the 
honor of having the highest individual 
score. D. C. McDougal of Production En- 
gineering topped all scores with an indi- 
vidual high score of 286. The team scores 
were as follows: 


Brotzman 277 

Lutz 278 

Woods 284 

Kanagy 280 

Smith 28S 

Total 1,404 


McDougal 286 

Meyers 272 

Waterbury 271 

Kallis ' 270 

Golem, Howard 268 


'Tkeu la5t 

• • • • 






Ul. p. FUllER 



Seuenth Hue. and F St. . 

main D1B1 

2911 Uniuersitv Rue. . Hillcrest 3110 

Total 1,3 67 

On February 15 th we fired a pistol 
match with the Twin City Rifle and Gun 
Club of North Tonawanda, New York. 
The results are not known as yet, due to 
the fact that our targets were sent to our 
opponents for scoring while they in turn 
sent us theirs for the same purpose. The 
Club individual scores for the month of 
January again show a splendid increase in 
percentage and are as follows: 

H. M. Prior, Sec. 



are recognized leaders in tlie Aircraft Industry 


Name Times fireJ 

McDougal, D. 2 

Meyers, H. 2 

Waterbury, J. 


Howard 2 

ubelt, H. 4 

1, Henry 2 

H. 3 



99. S 




Km-eUng, Offhand 

Kallis, F. 1 

Schneider, P. 3 

Kipkowski, S. 3 

Soares 1 

Von Meeden, H. 1 

Weber, L. 2 

Koenig, L. 2 

Burce 1 

Benson, D. 3 

Koenig, W. 1 

Lawrence, H. 2 

Bauer, L. 2 

High Individual aggregate score — McDougal — 280. 
High Individual scores— Prone: H. Prior— 100 (2); 
Kneeling: Henry Golem — 9 
Offhand: H. Schnaubelt— 9 

















H. Meye 




Index to 



Morgan's Cafeteria . 



Exclusive Florists 


Fuller & Co 




3rd Cover 

2nd Cover 


Salmons & Wolcott 


T. W. A 

University Window Sh 


Wines Coffee Co 

ade . 

. . .2nd Cover 
. . .2nd Cover 


. . . .3rd Cover 

.. . .15 

Lew and Bob 

Lindbergh Field Cafe . . . 

2nd Cover 


'i^^ » 

ite" ^«^B«s» 


APRIL • 1939 



VIA $ 

• FLYeastOPernig/ir— on the shortest, 
fastest route coast-to-coast. 15 hrs. 45 
min. to New York — via TWA's famed 
"Sky Chief," leavitiii at 4:45 P. M ar- 
riving New York before noon. 

Only TWA has planes v.ith separate 
Club Lounge and Sleepin;^, Compart- 
ments. 2 other daily flights east: 9:20 
A.M., 9:00 P.M. 














weeks, only, left to modernize under 
the FHA Modernization Plan. We 
maintain eleven different Building 
Material Departments to serve you. 



14th and K Streets 

El Centre, Brawley, Oceansidi 


Volume 4 

April, 1939 

Number 4 


OUR reporter, Ed Gott, has forwarded 
to us a clipping of about two col- 
\ umns, from the New York Times, in which 
I the first half plus the titles, is devoted to 
■ one of the patrol bombers participating in 
! the Fleet problems. The story is going the 
rounds and apparently thru a purely in- 
advertent arrangement, has demonstrated 
forcibly the raison d'etre for the PBYs. 

The writer of the article, Harwood Hull, 
attests that there is more talk about this 
incident than in any other single incident 
that has come to light since the com- 
pletion of the Navy's Problem XX. He 
describes the action as at least approach- 
ing the heroic in this mimic warfare. 

It seems that the big patrol plane had 
orders to locate the attacking White fleet 
and spy out its course. The plane left its 
port near San Juan, P. R., and headed 
into the east, climbing to about 15,000 
feet altitude. In due time the plane and its 
crew located the attacking fleet far out 
at sea. High above, it followed in the wake 
of the Admiral's ship, hour on hour. It 
was neither molested by the enemy nor 
detected by the umpires, and continued to 
dog the attacking fleet, reporting back to 
its base the movements of the White Fleet. 

Apparently the plane was not forgotten, 
but for some reason not explained it was 
not relieved, nor did its crew get an or- 
der recalling it. The hours wore on as it 
continued its post nearly three miles up. 
Darkness came and still the plane kept 
watching the fleet below. Daylight came, 
and still the plane kept to its task. 

A^ter more than thirty hours of con- 
tinuous flying the plane came back to its 
base and reported. It had been in the air 
a longer time than was required in the 
non-stop flight from San Diego to Coco 
Solo in the Canal Zone, and arrived at the 
base with only fumes in its tanks and it 
had probably flown, if its course could 
have been measured, more than the 3,087 
miles of that flight. 

Much to the surprise of the plane com- 
mander on his return, was the question 
asked as to where he had been. 

To this he quoted his orders, since he 
had been sent on a mission and had stuck 
to it at 15,000 feet in the air, continually 
dogging the White Fleet and watching 
until he had barely enough gas for his re- 
turn flight. 

The pilot and his crew are shrouded in 
anonymity, but the plane was one be- 
longing to Wing 1, and the incident is be- 
ing cited as demonstrating, inadvertent 
though it may have been, the value of the 
air service for hemisphere defense and the 
possibilities of greater range at sea, of 
planes operating from an advance base. 

While there may be no official record 
involved, still when all the facts are 
checked, it is possible this plane's tour 
of duty may set a new mark for sustained 
operation in mimic warfare. 

North American Aviation through Dean 
Phillips, Athletic Manager, expressed the 
thanks and appreciation for the reception 
given their basketball team, when they 
came to San Diego. He extends an invita- 
tion to the basketball team to come up to 
Inglewood next season for a return game. 
We'll look forward to it! 

We reprint from the Ocean Beach News, 
the following item about one of our fel- 
low employees: 

"Leo Niemet of 48 56 Long Branch Ave. 
has the commendable hobby of making 
numerous kites and distributing them free 
to children of his neighborhood. He spends 
much of his spare time constructing the 
toys for all of those who want them, and 
he has given away as many as 2 5 in one 

An Ocean Beach resident for three 
years, Niemet has five children of his 
own and says of his spare time work, "I 
just enjoy seeing children happy, and they 
seem to like kites, so I make as many as I 
have time to and give them away." 

His largest and best kite, he says, was a 
seven and one-half foot cellophane affair 
created last season. He doesn't know how 
many more kites he will make, but re- 
marks, "The kite season has just started." 

RERonnuTicni i. q. 

Credit yourself with 10 for each ques- 
tion answered correctly. 

Answers will be found on page 16. 

1. Who discovered the process for the 
commercial production of Aluminum in 
the U. S.? 

2. What is the name of the acute angle 
between the transverse reference line in 
the wing surface and the lateral axis of 
the airplane projected on a plane perpen- 
dicular to the longitudinal axis? 

3. What is an auxiliary member or 
structure called whose primary function 
is to reduce head resistance or drag of the 
part to which it is fitted? 

4. What chemical is used in anodizing 

5. Give the temperature range used to 
heat treat 24S Dural. 

6. What is the curve of an airfoil sec- 
tion called? 

7. Name the instrument used for in- 
dicating the speed of an airplane relative 
to the air. 

8. What is the chemical composition of 

9. A cylindrical tube with an open end 
pointed upstream so that the air meets the 
instrument head on or is met head on by 
the instrument is named what? 

10. What is the term used in flying 
when one climbs for a short time at an 
angle greater than that which can be 
maintained in steady flight? 

He entered our editor's sanctum. "Please 
insert this advertisement: $50 reward to 
any person who will return a black Persian 
cat to — " The editor, interrupting: "Ex- 
cuse me, but isn't that a big sum for a 
cat?" "It was my wife's cat," he replied. 
"Still — " said our editor. "You see," in- 
terrupted the man, "I drowned the damn 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Duncan, 
a girl who weighed in at just 6 pounds. 
Arriving on March 16th, she now is going 
by the name of Miss Patricia Lynne. Con- 

of the subject irjttcr here 

CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION. Lindbergh Field. San Diego, California. 
s gladly granted any established publication provided proper credit is given the CONSOLIDATOR. 
Printed monthly in the U. S. A. by Frye 8 Smith. 850 Third Ave.. San Diego. California. 


By Jack Kline 

(NCIS997. the American Export Airliiwi CON- 
SOLIDATED flying boat which will be used as a 
survey plane on the Atlantic Ocean, was flown to 
Lake Mead on March 3rd by Bill Wheatley, with 
Jack Kline as First Officer and co-pilot, and with 
Mike Doyle and Gene Tibhs as Flight Engineers. 
Ed Stuhrman was radio operator. — Ed.) 

"At 11:05 we took off and climbed up 
through the clouds to an altitude of 1 1,500 
feet holding a magnetic course of almost 
exactly North (360°). The true course is 
about 30°, but with approximately 16° 
easterly variation, and a strong northwest 
wind, our heading took us right to Boulder 
City and Lake Mead, which we reached in 
an hour and forty minutes. We circled 
for a few minutes to look over the moor- 
ing facilities and get our wind direction 
before landing. 

"Mooring facilities, motor boat and 
automobile transportation, and hotel ac- 
commodations were all provided by Grand 
Canyon-Boulder Dam Tours, Inc., of 
Boulder City, Nevada, which not only 
runs the Boulder City Hotel, but also op- 
erates the small boats on the lake, and the 
"for hire" automobiles. We were most 
fortunate in having Joe Messick, formerly 
pilot on the Grand Canyon Airways, as 
our guide and the one to whom we made 
our requests, which he somehow or other 
seemed able to get instant and completely 
satisfactory action on. 

"Lake Mead is approximately 115 miles 
in length, with 5 50 miles of shoreline. At 
present the lake level is slightly more than 
1 100 feet above sealevel, but will normally 
be over 1200 feet when filled. (The run- 
off from snow now in the mountains is 

expected to fill the lake this spring.) 
Boulder City is approximately 1000 feet 
higher than the lake, and has a fine air- 
port, which is a regular scheduled stop on 
TWA's transcontinental air route. Much 
of the terrain bordering the lake is rough, 
with exception of such areas as Hemen- 
way Wash, site of the Grand Canyon- 
Boulder Dam Tours' boat landing. This 
section presents a long sloping shore with 
a gradient of 4% at the mooring harbor. 
A straight line flight east and west over 
Lake Mead can be continued for about 
seventy-five miles with suitable landing 
area for either landplanes or flying boats 
of any size within normal gliding range 
at any time. Nature of the bottom of Lake 
Mead at Hemenway Wash is sandy, with 
small rocks not over 6 inches in diameter. 
There are no stones or boulders to cut or 
foul mooring cable. Due to the present 
level of the lake, and the forthcoming 
Spring rise, it should be easy and practical, 
with the elaborate construction equipment 
still at the Dam, to build a 200-foot wide 
concrete ramp from the present water's 
edge to a point that will be above water at 
the highest lake level, and to install a perm- 
anent series of moorings for future use, 
by preparing the ramp and sinking the 
necessary weights on present dry ground 
and allowing the lake to rise over them, 
immediately prior to which chains and 
floats can be attached. As this is a fresh- 
water lake which never freezes, and 
has ideal ceiling and visibility at all 
times, is situated 270 statute miles from 
San Diego, 265 from Los Angeles, 340 
from Salt Lake, and 420 from San Fran- 
cisco, it should have such obvious advant- 


Upper left, a view of Lake Mead. Center, upper, 
site originally chosen for the dam but found to be 
volcanic rock that was porous and unsuitable. The 
white band shows the former water level and is 
20 feet high. Right, upper, view downstream from 
the dam. Seven turbines were discharging at the 
time. The downstream has been stocked with trout. 
Left, lower, a small waterfall pouring water into 
Lake Mead. Center, E. Stuhrman, "Bill" Wheatley, 
"Mike" Doyle, Jack Kline and Gene Tibbs. Lower, 
center, the cathedral, a formation with vertical 
walls. The wall-face has fallen into the lake in the 
last three months giving the appearance as seen in 
the photo. Lower, right, Stuhrman exhibits a 
wooden tombstone. The tough paint preserved the 
wood, while the remainder eroded away some 3/l6 
of an inch. This was found at the old silver mine 
which is now abandoned. ' 

ages that the desirability of having sea- 
plane facilities for itinerant flying boats, 
for scheduled operations perhaps, and for 
use of the U. S. Navy, should be apparent. 
The saving possible if these facilities could 
be prepared on dry land before the lake 
rises is so great that a movement is now 
afoot to have this done. 

"As the water was about 100 feet deep 
where we moored, and as the clearance to 
other moored boats was not great enough 
to allow us to use longer line which would 
have given us a satisfactory slope of line, 
we had Joe Messick arrange for the boat- 
man to bring us a second 1000 lb. anchor, 
line and mooring. Bill and I slept aboard 
the plane the first night (Friday) . There 
was a fresh wind blowing, and with such 
a steep anchor line, the plane tossed longi- 
tudinally more than it would have done if 
we had had a flatter slope to the anchor. 
The second night Tibbs and Mike Doyle 
slept aboard, the third night Bill Wheatley 
and Ed Stuhrman slept aboard, and Mon- 
day night, Kline and Tibbs 'had the duty.' 
During the days there was always at least 
one of the crew aboard. Fruit, coffee cake, 
coffee and hot soup were always available. 
The temperature of the water was about 
5 5° F. and it never got below 45° F. in 
the plane at nieht, although it was much 
colder than this in Boulder Citv, about 
seven miles from the lake, and at a higher 
elevation. The return flight was made on 
March 7th in a little over two hours at 
an altitude of 12,500 feet. The plane 
functioned perfectly at all times with the 
Sperry Gyropilot doing nearly all of the 
work. As the terrain is mostly desert and 
mountains we had occasional strong up 
and down air currents, and at times the 
climb indicator would show over 2000' 
per min. rate of climb with no change in 
longitudinal attitude of the plane or any 
change in throttle setting. At other times 
we would lose altitude rapidly too. It was 
comfortably waim in the plane at all times 
although the heater was not used. Bill 
Wheatley. as usual, flew in his shirt-sleeves 
and with his engineer's cap to cover his 

April, 1939 

baldhead and shield his eyes from the sun. 
"While laying over, we all visited 
Boulder Dam, Las Vegas, and many inter- 
esting desert spots in Nevada and Arizona. 
(The dam is half in one state and half in 
the other.) The warm, dry air, and ex- 
treme visibility, with mountains over one 
hundred miles distant standing out clearly, 
made the stay very pleasant. With every 
change in position of the sun, the moun- 
tains would change their appearance as to 
color and shadow effects, and one would 
never tire of looking at them. We all feel 
that Lake Mead will soon play an import- 
ant part in the scheme of things as a sea- 
plane landing facility. Its distance from 
the coast, measured in terms of maximum 
range of flying boats such as we build is 
insignificant, and the perpetual good 
weather should make this lake an ideal 
supplementary base for this type of craft." 


Notice of award of a con- 
tract for $4,699,057 of Air- 
craft from the U. S. Navy has 
been received. In keeping with 
the Navy's policy, no informa- 
tion as to the type or number 
of aircraft may be released. 

By Terry 
This month's paper medals go to: Larry 
Boeing for his untiring effort one day to 
borrow a stick of gum from Ed Stewart. 
What a riot resulted! And to Jim "Huffy" 
Hull for the delicate fragrance that wafts 
the breezes from his direction. . . Kerm 
•Seelv for not losing his shirt the last few 
Monday nites. . . Who said frat Brothers? 
Bill Fleet, for covering more area of a 
Badminton court with the back of his 
shorts than his feet. . . but keep gritting 
your teeth. Bill! Thomas Coughlin for 
the tones he uses on the telephone to pour 
that old oil. . . Connie Seaderquist, for 
being able to take one night a week off 
for a trip to Tea Town and get back in 
time to change into his working clothes! 
Hank Liegel, for the wonderful advice 
he gave Johnny Kelly on what to do and 
what not to do about Kelly's coming 
marriage. I better get my cigar the day 
after Easter, Johnny. . . . And last, but 
far from the least important medal (this 
one even has a gold star) to the obliging 
fellow who guided the meandering boys 
from their Tonawanda Reunion, to their 
respective homes. From the last reports, 
everyone had a good time. 


George J. Newman, Assistant Factory 
Superintendent, arrived back in San Diego 
from Dayton, Ohio, Monday morning, 
March 20th. He flew a new Fleet Trainer 
powered with a Warner 145 -horsepower 
engine from Wright Field, Dayton, to 
San Diego with an overnight stay in Fort 
Worth. Total flying time was 22 hours 
for the 2,160 mile air line distance. This 
was made flying west into the prevailing 

George went to Buffalo to supervise and 
build the new Fleet early in January. 
Upon its completion, the Bureau of Air 
Commerce tests were conducted at Buf- 

falo for the NC license. It was then flown 
to Wright Field to enter in the Army 
competition for the procurement of com- 
mercial trainers. There were some twenty- 
two different makes of ships in this com- 
petition ranging from 40 to 22 5 horse- 

The Fleet has many new features, a few 
of which are: Complete new engine cowl, 
of reverse flow or nose slot type. Wing 
spars of laminated Douglas fir which al- 
lows the gross load to be upped to 2,180 
pounds. Five and a half hours of fuel at 
cruising speed. Electric starter, generator, 
battery and radio. 


By Bill Weaver 

WE were recently discussing the kick 
of some high-powered guns, when 
Grumpy Leisenring told about one that 
kicked him, and then kicked him seven 
times after he was down . . . Pass the 
salts please! 

Any person seeing four teeth chewing 
a piece of gum notify Johnny Cossar of 
the pattern shop as it would be greatly 
appreciated. These teeth were last seen 
jumping over the gate at the south yard 
with the gum sticking to them. 

Some of you fellows who are buying 
homes should not become discouraged at 
the big heap of earth and rocks that usual- 
ly is left behind in your yard. From the 
land of Sweden hails our bright blue-eyed 

boy, Albert Oberg, where the land is kept 
as orderly as the homes. Al recently bought 
a home that overlooks the harbor. This 
was one of those forgotten places, until 
Al put on it the magic touch of his home- 
land. You fellows who are interested in 
what can be done with a strong back and 
a wheelbarrow should call and see what 
Al has done with an ugly duckling. 

The boys are all set and ready to give 
that new home a good warming, that the 
Maestro of the pattern shop, Earl Wesp, 
has recently purchased. 

Tommy Bell wishes to thank you boys 
who were so thoughtful in his recent be- 

Virtually any man can devise a com- 
plicated mechanism for a given task. It 
takes a smart man to devise a simple one. 

Consolidator • 

Ulhat's nil the nctiuity? 

By Ulm. n. maloney. Plant Engineer 

OF the many and varied activities now 
in progress throughout the plant, 
probably none has excited more curiosity 
and speculation than the construction of 
the foundations for the new drop ham- 
mers in the southeast corner of the Hull 
Department. This project, now nearing 
completion, has involved a considerable 
amount of preliminary research and in- 
vestigation, and has required the solving 
of a number of construction problems. An 
article in a later issue will describe this 
work in detail. For the present, let it be 
said that the necessity of providing a se- 
cure and solid foundation for a group of 
the largest machines of this type in the 
industry, coupled with the necessity of 
preventing the transmission of harmful 
vibrations to nearby sensitive machinery 
and to foundations of the building, has 
presented the construction forces of the 
Maintenance Department with a highly 
interesting and worrisome job for the past 
few months. 

The hammer foundations, covering a 
ground area of 60 feet in length, by 20 
feet in width, and being located close to 
the center of factory activities, have at- 
tracted the lion's share of attention. Mean- 
while, a number of other construction 
and modernization activities, equally im- 
portant, are being planned and put into 
being with a minimum of furore and ex- 

The space beneath the Covering De- 
partment Mezzanine, formerly occupied 
by the Spare Parts Stockroom, has been 
enclosed with dust-tight glazed steel par- 
titions, forming a Punch and Die Foundry 
20 feet wide and 75 feet long, and a 
Plaster Pattern Shop 20 feet in width and 
40 feet long. To properly convert this area 
for its new usages necessitated the in- 
stallation of a Monorail System, an auto- 
matic sprinkler system for fire protec- 
tion, a ventilating system handling 17,- 
500 cubic feet of air per minute for the 


fr^ Complete Auiotnotive Servicing 
"* " with Precision Workmanship 

1454 Union St. 

Franklin 2965 San Diego 

removal of the heat arising from foundry 
operations and complete re-vamping of 
electric power and lighting facilities in this 
area. Two large gas-fired, tilting type, 
metal melting furnaces were purchased 
and installed, and two large crane ladles 
were installed on the new monorail sys- 
tems. While the melting furnaces are both 
of the same size and general appearance, 
they differ in capacity and operating tem- 
peratures. One will be used for melting 
"Kirksite," a zinc alloy used for drop 
hammer dies and has a pot capacity of 
approximately 8300 lbs. of metal. The 
other furnace will be used for melting 
lead for drop hammer punches and has a 
pot capacity of 12,000 lbs. of metal. This 
difference in pot capacity is due to the 
relative densities of the two metals. 

"Kirksite" has physical properties which 
render it much better die metal than pure 
zinc, and it must be carefully protected 
from contamination by lead, which de- 
stroys its outstanding properties and rend- 
ers the metal useless for dies. For this 
reason, the two furnaces are installed at 
opposite ends of the foundry, and all 
ladles and other equipment used in hand- 
ling the molten metal, are conspicuously 
labeled and identified to insure being used 
only with the proper metal. 

Included in the machinei^ purchases of 
the past few months are a hydraulic press 
having a capacity of 4500 tons and platen 
dimensions of 9'-10" wide by ll'-8" 
long and a single acting, double crank 
press having a capacity of 1000 tons and 
with platen dimensions of 4'-0" wide by 
8'-8" long. 

The hydraulic press has a total weight 
of 600,000 lbs. and the crank press will 
weigh approximately 15 5,000 lbs. Both 
of these machines will require special 
foundation, the construction of which 
will soon be under way. They will be in- 
stalled in the Sheet Metal Department in 
the low bay, and will require alterations 
to the roof structure and the construction 
of penthouses above the press super- 

To keep pace with the ever-increasing 
size of detail parts, a new salt bath fur- 
nace is being installed in the Heat treating 
Department. It will have a capacity to 
heat treat 2000 lbs. of aluminum alloy per 
hour, and will be one of the largest fur- 
naces of this type in the industry. The 

salt pot will be 21 feet long inside, and 
will require approximately 18,000 lbs. of ' 
potassium nitrate and the same quantity 
of sodium nitrate for its initial charge. 

Probably the most interesting struc- 
tural activity that has taken place in the 
past year, is the complete re-vamping of 
the heating and ventilating system in the 
Paint Shop, and the construction of three 
new large spray booths of the "water- 
wash" type. These booths were built and 
installed, and the old equipment replaced 
by them removed, without interference 
with production. 

The presence of lacquer and solvent 
fumes in the Paint Shop precluded the per- 
forming of such operations as welding or 
riveting inside the shop, and did not per- 
mit of using motor drills, or even allow 
the use of such tools as chisels or hand 
drills because of the danger of fire and - 
explosion. Consequently, the booths were 
erected completely with all fans and other 
machinery and equipment in place in the 
yard and moved into place and installed 
on various week-ends when the Paint Shop 
was shut down. An idea of the magnitude 
of this task can be gained by the photo- 
graph of the central booth used for paint- 
ing hulls and fuselages. This particular ■ 
booth is 30 feet long and 20 feet wide 
by 18 feet high inside, and exhausts the 
air thru the louvres shown along each side. 
The "make-up" air required is drawn into 
the booth from the open ends. The other 
two booths are of the "open front" type 
and are each 10 feet high and 8 feet deep. 
One is 30 feet in length and the other 65 
feet long. 

To supply the 203,000 cubic feet of 
air per minute required in the Paint Shop, 
three large supply fans are necessary, . 
driven by a total of 95 horsepower of 
electric motors. This air is exhausted thru i 
the spray booths, by a total of 9 exhaust ; 
fans requiring 62^2 horsepower of motors. 

In operating paint spray booths of the , 
"water-wash" type, the exhaust air is ■ 
passed through a finely atomized curtain 
of water which precipitates the pigment 
and solvents from the air and deposits 
them in a sludge tank. The air discharged 
to the outside atmosphere is pure and clean 
and, consequently, does not spread ob- 
jectionable paint residue over the sur- 
rounding territory. To supply the water 
curtain, three centrifugal pumps are used, 
one for each booth, requiring a total of 
27' 2 motor horsepower. 

The operating experiences during 1937 
and 193 8 indicated that the air compressor 
installation, while adequate for existing 
needs, did not have sufficient capacity to 
serve four new pneumatic drop hammers 

April, 1939 


added to the present load. Late in 193 8 a 
new Worthington 20"/12"xl4" hori- 
zontal two-stage compressor was pur- 
chased. This compressor, which is driven 
by a 200 HP motor, has a capacity of 113 5 
cubic feet of free air per minute. With 
its installation and connection to the line, 
we now have an air compressor plant cap- 
able of compressing 23 50 cubic feet of 
free air per minute, consisting of four 
single-stage and one two-stage compressors, 
driven by a total of 450 horsepower of 
electric motors. 

When the new compressor was installed 
it was necessary, with the limited space 
available, to rearrange the system piping 
for maximum space economy and to make 
provisions for the day when it might be 
necessary to replace one or two of the 
small compressors with a two-stage ma- 
chine similar to the unit just purchased. 
This changeover was carefully planned in 
advance, and this work has just been com- 
pleted without interference with plant 
operations. Plans have been prepared and 
work is just being started on enclosing the 
entire power plant, comprising air com- 
pressors, heating boilers and anodic gen- 

erators, with a dust-tight steel and glass 

Very few people know that the plant is 
equipped with a stand-by Butane gas 
plant to enable operation of the heating 
boilers and heat treating equipment in the 
event of emergency interruption of the 
natural gas supply. This plant was original- 
ly installed early in 193 8, and proved its 
worth during the period of March 3 to 
March 6, 193 8, when the gas supply to 
San Diego was cut off by a break in the 
main between here and Los Angeles. The 
original installation had a storage capacity 
of 4000 gallons of Butane Gas, sufficient 
to carry the load through any normal shut 
down due to sharp drop in temperature and 
increased demands on the facilities of the 
San Diego Consolidated Gas and Electric 

The experience of March, 193 8, indi- 
cated that in the event of a shut down 
due to pipe line breaks during storm con- 
ditions, that the highways between San 
Diego and the oil fields would in all prob- 
ability be closed and that there would 
be a strong possibility of being unable to 
secure additional supplies of Butane when 

once the San Diego stock was exhausted. 
In the early part of 1939 an additional 
storage tank of 6000 gallons was installed 
and connected to the system. This addi- 
tional tank will provide for ten days' 
standby under normal operating condi- 

In anticipation of increased business the 
capacity of the Raw Material Stockroom 
will be increased approximately 3 5% in 
capacity by the construction of a mezza- 
nine for the storage of aluminum alloy 
extruded sections, etc. This mezzanine 
will have an area of 5750 square feet, and 
construction will start immediately. 


By Connie Scaderqiust 

RED KIMBLE of the Sheet Department 
had a very hard time the other day 
when the photographer asked him to stop 
chewing gum long enough to take a 

E. Raymond now charges $1.00 for the 
use of his spray gun; it used to be free, why 
the charge? Why??? 

The boys in the Sheet Dept. are willing 
to teach Homer Millman how to use an 
air motor properly as he has a habit of 
getting grease all over himself. 

D. C. Gale is building a new house in 
La Mesa and is already working on the 
lawn before the carpenters are finished 
with their work. 

E. Raymond has a habit of drawing 
pictures when he starts talking. If you 
take the paper and pencil away from him 
he can't talk. I wonder why? 

We see Walter Kuehne is wearing his 
usual smile again since his wife got back 
from the east. Welcome back, Mrs. Kuehne. 

The boys at lunch hour are still trying 
to tell a taller story about their children 
than Al Ballard. 

We hope that some one will inform 
Al Hatter that Halloween is past so that 
he will come out from behind the hedge. 

We wonder if that big, bouncing baby 
girl, born March 1st at Mercy Hospital, 
had anything to do with Tommy Thomp- 
son passing out cigars to the boys in Sheet 
Metal. Mrs. Thompson and baby are doing 



and on 



2368 Kettner at Kalmia 



Under the spreading chestnut tree, 
the village smithy stands . . . 


THAT was all right for a Longfellow 
or a Goldsmith to say, but since that 
time they've taken away the chestnut 
tree ... it interfered with the installation 
of the traffic signals at 3 2d and Main . . . 
so, as far as securing any first hand in- 
formation on the art of welding of that 
time or thereabouts was concerned, it 
looked like a fellow might just as well 
pop a question at the first person who 
hove into sight. . . . 

"Bob Mussen, what sort of a flux did 
the old time blacksmith use when they 
welded up pieces of metal?" 

"You've got me ... I don't know." 

"You know what we mean don't you? 
The kind of welding they did when they 
just heated up two pieces of iron, placed 
them together and hit them with a husky 
sized hammer. . . . 

"I know, all right. I remember seeing a 
blacksmith hammer the calks on horse- 
shoes, but I don't remember what sort of 
flux he used. I tell you who would know, 
though: Jack Fleck out in the metal bench 
department. He used to be a blacksmith." 

Fleck knew all right. . . . 

"You heat up the two ends of the iron 
you're going to weld together. Then you 
hammer a taper on each of them to make 
a sort of a scarf splice fit, add some bone 
meal (the flux) and heat them up to a 
white heat. Pull 'em from the fire when 
the carbon is sparking, lay one on the other 
and hammer away. You have to strike 
fast while the carbon is sparking and the 
iron is white hot, or they won't grab." 
. . . hence probably the phrase, "Strike 
while the iron is hot.! . . . 

This process of welding was one requir- 
ing skill and plenty of brawn. The welding 
was accomplished while the metal surfaces 
were in a plastic state, by the application 
of repeated forging blows, and is little used 
today. It is much easier to use the clean, 
continuous and easily regulated heat of 
the gas flame and cause the metals to flow 
together in a molten state. There is far 
less brawn required, but the process is 
no less skillful. Perhaps in this modern 
form of welding even a bit more skill is 
required. With the coming of aluminium, 
stainless steels and a variety of alloys, skill 
and experience without a doubt amount 
to a high factor in welding . . . particu- 
larly aircraft welding. 

For the beginning of welding in avia- 
tion, Leo Bourdon, chief of the Welding 

Department, was consulted. Welding, like 
Topsy, "jest growed" right under Leo, 
for he was in aviation before welding, re- 
calls the methods used prior to the in- 
troduction of welding, and a brief ac- 
count runs something like this: At first 
the few fittings used were made from mild 
steel stock and they were simply one 
piece of sheet, or laminated by "dip 
brazing." This process was simple. The 
pieces to form the laminated fitting were 
cut and bent to the desired shape, a flux 
applied between the contracting surfaces, 
and the parts held in position for the 
brazing with small rivets thru locations 
that afterward would be drilled out for 
bolt holes, etc. Thus assembled, the lami- 
nated fitting was either dipped bodily in 
a molten pot of brass, or it was heated all 
over with a soft flame and the brass 
flowed in between the sheets in much the 
same manner that sweating with solder 
is accomplished. When cooled the glass- 
hard flux was either chipped or picked off 
and the surplus brass filed away by hand. 
That was back about 1918 or earlier. 

Then about 1920, Leo relates, welding 
began to come into airplane use with the 
introduction of the chrome-vanadium 
steels, though some dip brazing was still 
employed. Later, with the introduction of 
chrome-molybdenum, welding swung into 
full sway. The higher strength steels war- 
ranted much more than the low strength 
bond of brass, and welding provided that 
bond. Also, it brought with it the possi- 
bility of much more intricate structures. 
Structures that are virtually one piece of 
parent metal and are exceedingly strong 
with the distinct advantage of being light 
in weight. The bulk of the welding now 
employed is with chrome-molybdenum 
steel, a tough, high strength steel nearly 
ideal where the loads are concentrated 
and high. 

It is difficult to make any statement 
about the art of aircraft welding, and 
have that statement hold true in every in- 
stance. It might be said that the filler 
or welding rod employed, is of the same 
composition as the parent metal being 
welded. Leo warns, though, that this is 
not necessarily true and illustrates with 
the case of stainless steel. Using rod of 
the same parent metal composition is not 
as satisfactory as using one of a slightly 
differing composition. Some welding op- 
erations utilize flux, and to good advantage, 

while many do not. No two welding jobs 
have the same peculiarities. Each modified 
design has peculiarities unto itself. It 
isn't just a matter of "welding up" a couple 
of pieces into a fitting, as is sometimes 
thought. Some designs, mighty simple and 
innocent on paper, can cause a bushel of 
welding grief. 

Both Leo Bourdon, foreman, and Charlie 
Pettit, one of the ace welders of the de- 
partment, chipped in with concrete ex- 
amples to show why this is so, drawing 
from their experience to show why every 
aircraft welder is subjected to the period- 
ical Navy-conducted tests, conducted 
solely as a check on his ability as a welder. 
And why every vital welded piece turned 
out by a welder, has his own individual 
identifying mark on it. This really is his 
stamp to say that he has put his utmost 
skill into that particular work and stands 

Foreman Leo Bourdon of ^"elding, still likes to 
tinker with welding . . . has a complete welding 
outfit at home and recently made this iron door- 
knocker. Hat brim is a washer, basket of welding 
rod, coat tail of sheet-iron . . . every inch a bit 
of welding. 

his skill and experience behind its perfec- 
tion. A most rigid inspection system veri- 
fies his workmanship, checks even into 
the heart of the metal thru the ingenious 
Magnaflux method. 

On the mechanical side of welding it 
should first be realized that the welding 
flames create an intensely hot, localized 
area about the weld . . . hot enough to 
melt the two pieces and the filler rod, hot 
enough to cause the metals to run to- 
gether, and (sad to relate) hot enough to 
cause the inclusion of carbon in the metal 
if the flame is not neutral and leans to the 
acetylene side (which tends to make the 

April, 1939 




Correct smecTiiitt 

FOR «'E1.1>ING 


Corner or acute 


TO ARftewS u/OULt) 






FIG. 1 

FIG. 2 





/(weld i>uu.s : 

FIG. 3 

weld brittle and worthless). Hot enough 
also, on the other hand, to take full ad- 
vantage of an excess of oxygen, and to 
burn, rather than to weld. Thus the first 
requisite of a good welder is to know 
when a torch is neutral. But further than 
this it is necessary to know not only how 
to walk this neutral fence, but which 
way to lean . . . Stainless steel for in- 
stance, while normally immune to the rav- 
ages of oxygen, becomes plenty thirsty 
for it at high temperatures, and a slightly 
reducing flame is used to take care of 
gauge fluctuation which might make it 
run to the oxygen. If the melted tip of the 
filler rod is removed from the flame, an 
oxidized coating forms over the ball 
which will not mix with the weld puddle, 
and it becomes necessary to melt this 
ball off and start anew. 

The intensely hot and localized heat at 
the point of welding causes the surround- 
ing metal to expand in proportion to the 
degree to which it is heated. Obviously, 
a short distance from the weld it is heated 
very little. Thus, at the very point of 
welding the expansion is greatest and 
farthest removed from the weld it is 
practically nil. Normally the puddle of 
molten metal shrinks more in cooling, 
than it expands during the heat of weld- 
ing. Therefore all welding fixtures are 
made oversize and allowances are made 
for the shrinkage to be expected. Some- 
times the design of the work itself brings 
about a condition in which both the ex^ 
pansion and contraction plus the shrink- 
age, brings about trouble with the weld- 
ing operation and results. There must be 
allowance for expansion, contraction and 
shrinkage, or some part of the weld will 

A simple and excellent example of this 

is shown in Fig. 1. Here it was desired to 
run a tube thru a box-like structure of 
considerable stiffness, (with the flanges as 
well as the area of the bottom contribut- 
ing to this stiffness), and to weld around 
the point of passage of the tube thru the 
box. Due to the stiffness of the box around 
the weld, the expansion forces the metal 
in the area surrounding the weld to be 
compressed. The outer areas remain cool 
and resist this expansion with their full 
strength. In the areas between, which are 
progressively cooler toward the outside, 
the force of expansion acts upon the metal 
in what amounts to cold working. Here 
the crystal structure of the metal is crushed 
and compacted together. Then, as the im- 
mediate area of the weld cools, it con- 
tracts more than it expanded, pulling with 
great strength upon the very structure it 
has just compressed, also pulling forward 
and back around the weld. Being restricted 
in contraction as it was in expansion, and 
with no allowance for the added shrink- 
age possible, all it can do is to pull until 
something lets go. The area around the 
weld will develop cracks as indicated. 

The solution is shown in the lower 
sketch of Fig. 1. The hole of passage for 
the tube was made considerably undersize 
and flanged with a generous radius in- 
wardly. Then the welding was done along 
the flange edge. Thus constructed, the 
flange radius allows bending to take place 
in the flange both in expansion and con- 
traction and allows absorption of the 
shrinkage easily. Actually, as at first de- 
signed, the chances were much against even 
the most skilled welder being able to com- 
plete the job satisfactorily. When changed 
to the flange solution, however, far less 
skillful welders experienced no trouble at 
all. Allowances for expansion, contraction 

and shrinkage must be designed in such 
cases in the work itself. 

In a variation of the same principles 
causing trouble, one tube was run inside 
another with a very close fit between them. 
On the outer tube a fitting was welded. 
On cooling a crack was apt to be found in 
the outer tube at any place on its circum- 
ference adjacent to the welding. The ex- 
planation being that in welding, the outer 
tube was heated first and expanded away 
from the inner tube. As the welding pro- 
gressed the inner tube became as hot as 
the outer tube and brought the clearance 
in this dually expanded condition back to 
the original close fit. On cooling however, 
the welded area of the outer tube tried to 
take up its expansion thru contraction 
and in addition the weld shrinkage. The 
inner tube had little or no shrinkage since 
the weld did not penetrate this deep and 
further it could not contract as rapidly 
as the exposed outer tube. The net result 
being that the outer tube tried to shrink 
and contract but was prevented from do- 
ing so and simply split. 

The above are cases in which the nature 
of the work itself caused the trouble to 
be immediately recognized as much above 
the limits of the metal. But even under 
ordinary circumstances the welding, being 
confined to a small area at a time that 
(Continued on page 10) 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

"The Home of Mviation" 


BELIEVE it or not, Consolidated Air- 
craft employees, American Export 
Airlines and even the U. S. Coast Guard 
actually aided the Dictator ruled Republic 
of San Christobal in the perpetration of a 
most magnificent fraud! The only trick 
in this statement being that the Republic 
of San Christobal exists only in the imag- 
ination of the Paramount Movie Studios 
scenario writers, and "The Magnificent 
Fraud" is the name of the motion picture, 
some scenes of which were recently filmed 
at the U. S. Coast Guard Base on Lind- 
bergh Field. 

The American Export Airlines' Con- 
solidated Model 28-4 flying boat was 
loaned for the taking of several shots 
which will appear in the fore part of this 
picture when it is released. The picture 
concerns a dictatorship of a fictitious na- 
tion, San Christobal, some bombing, plot- 
ting, romance, etc. It appears to have all 
the elements of a good evening's entertain- 
ment. But just to be doubly sure that the 
public will take to the picture, a long list 
of stars were selected including Lloyd 
Nolen, Akim Tamiroff, Patricia Morison 
(who undoubtedly supplies the romance) 
the seasoned Mary Boland who plays Miss 
Morison's aunt, Robert Warwick, George 
Gucco, Frank Reicher, Ralph Forbes, Mr. 
Cossart, etc., etc. 

Included in the long list of stars Para- 
mount probably will not mention on the 
screen introduction are such outstanding 
personalities as Mr. Michael Doyle and 
Mr. E. L. Stuhrman of the American Ex- 
port Airlines; "Bill" Wheatley, Jack Kline, 
Robert Keith and Gene Tibbs of Consoli- 
dated. These gentlemen did the "under- 

cover" work in handling the Model 28-4 
for the movie . . . the same plane which 
will be used within a month or so by its 
owners, The American Export Airlines 
in their preliminary work in establishing 
airline service across the Atlantic. 

It seems that one of the most modern 
seaplanes was needed in order to impress 
the screen audience with the importance 
of an international banker and his mission 
of making a loan to the Republic of San 
Christobal . . . Soooo . . . what could 
be more logical than a Consolidated 
Model 28? 

Tuesday, March 14th, the day of the 
taking of the movie shots at the Coast 
Guard, started out dull and cold. The en- 
tire cast and the extras waited under an 
overcast sky all morning for the sky to 
clear and make possible the "takes." From 
the local employment office the extras, 
approximately 50 to 75 in number, were 
selected to play parts in the greeting mili- 
tary band of San Christobal, guards, 
escorts, etc. The bandsmen, as a sidelight 
on the technique of sound filming, had all 
the instruments necessary and were very 
complete in their white uniforms, but all 
that they did was go through the motions 
of playing, making no actual sound. A 
phonograph on a loudspeaker brought the 
music and gave them their timing! 

Watching the filming of this sound film 
work was intensely interesting and very 
enlightening. The entire cast and crew 
working on the location were most 
courteous and generous. Our demon photo- 
grapher Otto Menge was afforded every 
assistance desired in taking his stills. 

"Bill" Wheatley, because of his experi- 

ence with the Model 28, handled the con- 
trols in the scene in which the plane taxies 
up to the end of the pier to disembark its 
famous international banker, and it was 
taken without a hitch. The pier used was 
the one at the south of the Coast Guard 
buildings nearest the ramp, and it had been 
decorated with bunting, flags and guards 
for the occasion. 

From the information garnered, it is 
understood that some of the interior shots 
of the Model 28-4 will be made up at the 
studios, and for this a mock-up will be 
made, showing the interior in a very mod- 
ern motif. It will be interesting to note 
what the studio artists will do in the way 
of decorating and furnishing the insides 
of one of our planes. 

After the entire cast and field crew 
waited patiently all morning for the 
weather to clear up, action finally was 
possible just at noon. The American Ex- 
port Airlines' plane was taken from the 
plant yard, towed to the ramp and boarded 
by the aforementioned "undercover" 
crew. The plane in a sweeping approach, 
was taxied out and around to the pier for 
tying up and releasing its passengers. 
Everything sailed smoothl)' in the two 

How the arrival at San Christobal won't look to 
the movie audience; Stepladders, reflectors, micro- 
phone boom, sound cameras and stage hands on the 
barge alongside. Patricia Morison, star, poses for a 
shot in one of the hatches of the American Export 
Airlines' survey plane. Disembarking from the 
plane to the dock, Lloyd Nolen in white on left, 
Patricia Morison in white hat and jacket, Mary 
Boland with fur, Ralph Forbes in white behind the 
boom. The poor fellow on the right spent all after- 
noon holding the cloth screen aloft to diffuse the 
sunlight which w^ould otherwise have fallen directly 
on the stars. 

April, 1939 

The Consolidated Model 2 8-4 of the American 
Export Airlines alongside the pier in San Christobal 
as its passengers disembark. The guards and officials 
awaiting the cue for action. The Consolidiift'd 
Model 28-4 can be seen at ease in the background. 

shots of this particular bit of action. There 
followed some closeups taken of the actors 
climbing into a waiting car with its mili- 
tary escort, and then the scene of opera- 
tions moved to the end of the pier for 
closeups of the greeting of the plant's 
passengers as they alighted. 

It took a considerable time to run the 

and while they did not fly anywhere near 
overhead, their powerful engines succeeded 
in kicking up a ruckus in the recording 
film to spoil the take. 

At about this point, with an actual 
period of quiet (but with the actors grow- 
ing weary of being stopped by outside 
noises) one of them muffed his lines, and 
of course a repeat was necessary. In the 
middle of another apparently "plane-free" 
shooting, an incoming train sounded its 
toots on every crossing. At another try 
the actor went past his slip and the actress 

pounding on the dredge pipe. The unaware, 
but nevertheless offending, workman 
could be clearly seen as his hammer re- 
bounded at each lusty blow, and then the 
note of the falling hammer would be 
heard. But he was out of earshot, upwind. 
As this ended, the shrill note announcing 
four o'clock came over the water! In ex- 
asperation someone shouted, "Bring 'em 
on all at once, will ya? . . . and everyone 

Some four scenes had been taken in what 
totaled possibly an hour, prior to trying 


electrical lines out to the end of the dock, 
manoeuver a large barge into position for 
the cameras, reflectors, etc., and to set up 
all the necessary equipment. In due time 
this was all arranged and accomplished, 
even to a couple of rehearsals. But when 
the actual "take" was attempted, the fun 

What followed was a most annoying 
series of events which would have driven 
a less tolerant crew and troupe to the point 
of hysteria. For no sooner would all be in 
readiness for a take in sound, than one of 
a group of student planes from the field 
would take-off and fly directly overhead, 
pounding the noise of its engine into the 
recording film. This happened probably no 
less than a half dozen times. Once a shining 
new plane, a visitor to the field, did the 
interrupting. A small "put-put", appar- 
ently making practice landings and take- 
offs, insisted in circling overhead on its 
routine hops. Two high-powered planes 
of the service took off at separate times. 

fumbled. On a couple of other occasions 
there were delays while high flying Navy 
planes cleared the sky of their noise. The 
call for "Quiet" seemed to bring but a 
few moments later, at least some kind of 
an unwanted and distracting noise to the 
ears of the patient sound men. Once a 
couple of motorcycles started their motors. 

Just as things had settled down to a 
nice, long-desired quiet, some playful 
porpoise came to within fifty feet of the 
barge, and of course attention to the act- 
ing was out of question, for the majority 
of those present had never before seen 
porpoise at such close range. They did put 
on a good show. It is likely that their 
noises of blowing would have been picked 
up by the sensitive microphone, anyway. 
They were that close. 

The afternoon wore away with these 
events continuing to interrupt at just the 
wrong moment. The flying quieted down. 
Then from far out over the water came 
the regular sound of a sledge hammer 

to take the troublesome scene, and they 
all involved far more chances for slips in 
the actual acting, for in them practically 
all of the troupe including the extras were 
involved. The final scene, where all the 
outside trouble came in, had as a contrast 
but few characters, and it took from about 
1:00 o'clock 'till after four! If the whole 
scene was actually secured even then, 
from the innumerable takes made during 
this time, it was possible only through the 
technical trick of cutting and splicing 
... no complete, trouble and noise-free 
scene had been completed to 4:00 p.m. 

While the Comolidated Model 28-4 of 
the American Export Airlines does not 
star in this picture of Paramounts, as did 
her sister ships the PBYs in Warner Broth- 
ers "Wings of the Navy," still it is inter- 
esting to mark this as a prelude to the 
job this Commercial model 2 8-4 has be- 
fore it in the preliminary and subsequent 
work of establishing American Export Air- 
lines' flying route across the Atlantic. 




(Continued from page 7) 

progresses from one end of the weld to the 
other, sets up strains in the welded piece 
and this is the reason for normalizing. 
The welded up structure with its strains, 
is soaked in heat until it is uniformly re- 
laxed and the strains ease out of the 
stressed areas. Unless precautions are taken 
in this normalizing, long or weighted 
pieces are apt to sag in the normalizing 
furnace and undesirable straightening is 
necessary after the normalizing. To avoid 
much of this the welders tack weld on 
re-enforcing pieces which are cut loose 
after the heat treatment. 

Another phase of welding in which 
normalizing plays a large part is in the 
welding of large or complex assemblies in 
which it is desired to hold the work to 
close finish dimensions for subsequent 
machining. If the entire assembly is welded 
up immediately as a single unit, the strains 
set up and the interaction of them during 
the normalizing may easily warp the struc- 
ture all out of shape. To avoid this the as- 
sembly is broken down into sub-assem- 
blies in which the welding becomes more 
or less self-contained. Then these sub- 
assemblies are normalized after welding to 
remove the strains. Allowances are made in 
welding to allow for fitting the sub- 
assemblies together and they are straight- 
ened in themselves if found out of align- 
ment. Then in the final assembly of the 
sub-assemblies into the one whole struc- 
ture, only simple strains can be set up, 
rather than the danger of compounded 
strains and the likelihood of the structure 
being warped beyond recovery is averted. 
Fig. 3 indicates two simple shrinkage or 
warping effects which can be compounded 
into a lot of trouble in an intricate struc- 

While most of the welding is done with 
the oxygen-acetylene flame, hydrogen is 
likewise brought into play with great bene- 
fit. Hydrogen is used for the welding of 
aluminium because it smothers the area 
surrounding the area of the weld with 
hydrogen to the exclusion of oxygen and 
prevents the aluminium from oxidizing. 
Two oxidized aluminium surfaces will not 

Phone Jackson 201 1 Chick Runyon 
for "The Blind Man" 


■'Same Day Service" 

University Window Shade Co. 

102.3 University Avenue 

weld well even with the application of 
liberal amounts of flux. Hydrogen too, can 
be called to good turn simultaneously as a 
pre-heater and to prevent the formation 
of scale on thin steel pieces. While it actu- 
ally heats of course, it seems to have the 
property of cooling, or at least of spread- 
ing the heat from a weld so that distortion 
is not so apt to occur. A simple hydrogen 
burner of copper tubing shaped to fit the 
work and used on the back side of a thin 
steel sheet being welded, largely prevents 
the formation of scale. See Fig. 2. 

A hydrogen burner placed above the 
oxy-acetylene torch and directing a flow 
of hydrogen down on the weld area helps 
also on the top side of the weld. Complex 
welds with sheet as thin as .03 J can be 
accomplished by an airplane welder with 
comparative ease thru the application of 
this principle. 

If the welding could be made to take 
place over the entire line of the weld at 
one time, it is probable that many of the 
problems associated with welding would 
be eliminated, but since it is necessary for 
the welding to progress along as a concen- 
trated cone of heat from one end of the 
weld to the other, difficulties are multi- 
plied. The direction of the progress of the 
weld has much to do with its successful 
completion. One direction will work per- 
fectly, the reverse will split the work. 

Welding in the trough of an acute 
angle is difficult, because the weld puddle 
should be in the very bottom and this is 
where the most heat should be concen- 
trated but actually the hot flame cone 
is always closer to the adjacent walls. The 
result is that the bottom of the weld is apt 
to be not fully molten, the sides burned 
or melted away. 

Welding in a confined area such as a 
pocket or inside a tube is another condition 
or predicament hard for the welder to 
cope with to the full extent of his skill. 
Here the torch tip becomes excessively 
heated. Apparently something in the man- 
ner of a breakdown in the structure of the 
acetylene takes place and a perfectly neu- 
tral welding flame on the outside becomes 
an oxydizing flame under the excessive 
heat. This can be demonstrated by turn- 
ing the flame of one welding torch upon 
the tip of one burning with a neutral cone. 
As the tip becomes heated the cone can 
be seen to become hard and if carried to a 
sufficiently high temperature after the 
copper tip begins to glow red, excessive 
burning soons destroys the tip. To com- 
bat this particular trouble, Charlie Pettit 
and some of his welders rigged up water- 
cooled welding torch tips and the results 
are very gratifying. 


THE successful termination of the first 
Consolidated badminton tournament 
has established a high precedent. Fifteen 
women and thirty men participated and 
12 5 matches were played. 

Due to the committee's lack of tourna- 
ment management experience, the contest 
was subject to a few justifiable criticisms, 
but the committee take this opportunity 
to quote in part the following familiar 
axiom ". . . but you can't please all the 
people all the time." 

Men'i Veteran Singles was won by John 
Lockwood who defeated Evan Terry in the 
finals by the close scores of 15-10 15-13. 
Lockwood played splendid badminton and 
was consistent in placing his shots. 

Terry and Pownder won the Men's Vet- 
eran Doubles by defeating Robbins and 
Lockwood in a fast and even finals match 
with scores of 15-12, 12-15, 15-12. 

Wo?nen's Singles winner was Mrs. Frank 
O'Connor who defeated Grayce Holm in 
straight sets. 

Mrs. O'Connor teamed with Genevieve 
Holm to defeat Mrs. Whitaker and Avis 
Clark by scores of 11-1, 1-11, 11-9, thus 
winning the Women's Doubles. This set 
was hard fought as the teams were evenly 

Men's Novice Singles was won by Don 
Kirk who defeated Ray Tuite in an ex- 
citing -finals match. Both finalists proved 
deserving of a "veteran" rating in our 
next tournament. 

The Mixed Doubles team of O'Connor 
and Henninger defeated Shonberg and 
Tuite to take first place in this event. 

Melt's Noiice Doubles event winners 
were Kirk and Farnsworth who encount- 
ered stiff competition in defeating Whit- 
aker and Stephens. 

Winners were presented with prizes do- 
nated by local sporting goods stores. 

Using the results of this tournament as 
a basis, "ladders" will be established upon 
which every player will be ranked accord- 
ing to estimated ability. We hope the "lad- 
ders" will stimulate competition. 

The committee is contemplating an- 
other tournament in which ever)' partici- 
pant will play four times in doubles events 
only. Your questions and reactions are 

Thanks to all concerned for making the 
tournament a success. 
Bouley, Henninger, 

Gilchrist, Terry, 

Kastelic, Lockwood. 

The only difference between success 
and failure, is tr\'lng just once more. 

April, 1939 


Fred Grossher, basketball i 

nager, and the winners: J. Stevens, S. Sheppard, 
I. Craig, R. Hayman, W. Summers. 

CHnmpionsHip brsketbrli 

Another basketball season has come to 
an end for the 193 8 and 193 9 session and 
we find the Hull Department team cham- 
pions again, making it two consecutive 

Though our inter-departmental teams 
were far less in number than last year, 
this made it more competitive, due to the 
fact that Consolidated has lost some very 
fine basketball players (and how). 

The Hull team took on some tough 
competition outside of their regular sched- 
ule and managed to do more than their 
share, by winning most of them. 

Now back to some of the highlights of 
our games which were played at the Mu- 
nicipal Gym which was newly refinished, 
and equipt with a lighting system that 
can't be beat. The first half of the season 
went along in a rather rough manner, 
taking some of the boys a little while to 
get into shape. There were such things 
as: loosening up muscles, doctoring up 
bruises, and some very hard falls . . . (how 
about it Willie Liddle?) 

The most talked-of game of the first 
half was between Hull and Production in 
which the Hull team won by a nose and 
Mr. Hotchkiss by a few extra gray hairs 
due to a little side bet, so they tell me. 

In the second round of play the matches 
were much more exciting and closely 
played, as Hull, Engineers, Final Assembly 
and Purchasing were tied for first place 
and then things began to happen. Main- 
tenance, winning their only game of the 
season, defeated the Engineers, which was 
the upset of the season. And then the En- 
gineers came back fighting mad to take a 
strong Final Assembly team in two over- 
time periods, leaving but Hull and Pur- 
chasing in a tie for end of the second half. 

The day was set, and sleep was lost by 
more than one player as this meant that 
Purchasing had to win in order to take 
the second round and have another chance 
to play for the championship, since the 
Hull team had the first round of play 
well tucked away under their arms. 

The Game: The whistle blew and some 
four hundred basketball fans watched and 
tooted for their favorite team to win. The 
game went on with the Hull team leading 
throughout, but by a very close margin. 
This kept the fans on the edge of their 
seats as anything could have happened, 
the score at the end of the third-quarter 
was, Hull 19, Purchasing 16. Then the 
Hull boys took things in hand and they 
really started to pour it on, winning by a 

wide margin of 3 5 to 20 to give them the 

Consolidated is donating gold basketballs 
to the championship team, which the boys 
will soon be showing around. 

Fred Grossher, Mgr. 
first Second 

Round Round Totals 
Won Lust Won Lost Won Lost 

Hull 5 4 19 1 

Purchasing 3 2 2 3 6 4 

Final Assembly.- 4 14 17 3 

Engineers 2 3 2 3 4 6 

Production 14 14 2 8 

Maintenance S 1 4 1 9 

first Second 

Round Round Totals 

Final Assembly 107 132 239 

Hull 116 122 238 

Purchasing HI 110 221 

Engineers 116 95 211 

Production 60 60 120 

Maintenance 52 50 102 



Hull 35 vs. Purchasing 20 

UIHV DOES . . . 

By Eddie Raymond 

Why does W. Seely find so much humor 
in life, and I don't mean Life magazine? 

Why does timekeeper Shonberg claim 
he has so much iron in his body? Magnets, 
keep away from Shonberg! 

Why does B. Sherriff ask so many ques- 
tions about his own inventions? 

Why does Teddy Edwards complain his 
chickens lay square eggs? 

Why does Benny Kiegel think so much 
of the town of Tonawanda? 

Why does Jim Mussen take such pride in 
his neckties? 

Why does Geo. Young go in for art 
with a black background? 

Why does Bert Gimber want to be 
original and keep a lighted cigarette be- 
hind his right ear? 

Why does Sam Seligman always carry 
a blueprint around in his hip pocket? Is it 
to show him what to do throughout the 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Lee Sepin 
of Hulls, a son, Arthur Lee Sepin, Jr. He 
was born on March 6th and weighed 10 
pounds, 2 oz. Congratulations! 

Good Food at 
Moderate Prices 

Open Sundays 
and Holidays 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixth Ave. 

Between Broadway and C St., San Diego 



PRODUiTion minuTES 

By "Brad" Bradshaiu 


THE Rod and Reel Club copped the 
month's social spotlight with their 
annual banquet, as well as putting plenty 
of members on the "spot" if you know 
what I mean. Those swash-buckling, fear- 
less he-men of the great outdoors who can 
look the most ferocious jack rabbit in the 
eye without a quiver, and battle a two- 
pound croaker to the finish, did themselves 
mighty proud in staging one of the most 
entertaining events in many a moon. Roy 
Coykendall carried off most of the prizes 
with his nifty catches during the season 
and what swell prizes!! To give you non- 
members an idea of what you are missing 
by being "non" we will let the lucky fel- 
lows testify. 

Says Secretary Glenn Hotchkiss, "Coy- 
kendall may have won most of the prizes, 
but remember, he was /;; charge of award 
distribution and anyway, that autograph I 
got was no small catch." "Wow" says 
Chief Jack Thompson, "It was sure hot 
and stuffy in there during part of the en- 
tertainment. Maybe I was running a 
fever." Anyway, his face was red. Com- 
ments Eddie Lang, "It's no use — one man 
cannot consume a keg of beer in an even- 
ing, but give me credit for trying." Nick 
Tuevsky, the Russian playboy, remarks 
"Next time I get hair cut and maybe I 
see better." (But why did he sleep in the 
trailer?) Chuck Hibert moans, "It was a 
gyp as I was supposed to get a lei out of the 
deal and got chiseled." Says George Wire, 
"I must have brought the wrong "bones' 
as Charley Mayer sure took me to the 

''Let's Get 

or should we say acquainted 

Nicholas and Calloway 

"Bud" "Clayte" 

are your New Smiling Associated 
Dealers in La Jolla 

La Jolla Boulevard at Gravilla 

Selling Aviation Ethyl 

"Flying A" Gasolines 

Cycol and Veedol Motor Oils 

Phone La Jolla 2440 

George Young asks, "Where did Leo 
Bourden go? I hope he finds the right 
house on Point Loma." Alibis Leo Bourden 
"So help me I thought that was the check 
room. Even your own friends betray you." 
Bob Mussen, "Anyone who can play any- 
thing is invited next year. Blow me down, 
I hope no one writes a diary." Chuckles 
Jim Patton, "Those skinny guys sure en- 
vied my capacity." President "Pinkie" 
Miller, super sleuth, spent most of the 
evening looking for his stolen hat finally 
proving crime does not pay. 

Some of the fellows just wouldn't talk 
and maybe they had a reason or just 
couldn't remember anything. Join up fel- 
lows and enjoy the fun, as they are a swell 
bunch of boys. 

Our old pal, Lloyd Bender has added 
several pounds of blubber to the different 
parts of his anatomy in recent days and 
we uncovered two reasons. First, he has 
stopped depending on the game he kills 
for food, and secondly because Orpha, the 
sterner half, is keeping him home of late. 
Lloyd always gave her his salary check the 
first of the month and she just found out 
he gets paid every two weeks. Anyone 
want to buy some good golf clubs and 
a gun? 

During the days of Lent we find sev- 
eral of our worthy friends going through 
the usual sacrifices for their multiple of 
sins. Lloyd Bender, Bill Liddle and Ray 
Hartmeyer signed a pact, binding as a 
European peace treaty, to refrain from 
smoking. This lasted 1 5 days but they still 
refuse to biiy the "nasty weed" so be- 
lieve the bargain is half fulfilled. Leo 
Neimet, Heat Ti'eat, brings no lunch but 
still has plenty of surplus fuel around the 
middle to last a spell. This was probably 
George Steirringer's idea, so Leo would not 
spread too much to get in the furnace on 
clean-up days. Gracie Koenig is not mak- 
ing dates with any new boyfriends, but 
says the old ones still have their usual 
chances. Jim Wilkinson refused even a 
"snort" while serving as bartender during 
an entire evening. Maybe this was because 
of Lent or merely a mental condition, you 

Jack Mulroy broke over and drank a 
glass of beer in honor of dear old Ireland 
and Saint Patrick. "Get along with ye 
blarney," says Jack, "the old boy did rid 
Ireland of the "snakes' and that's more 
than anyone ever done for this country." 
I hope he didn't mean anything personal. 

THREE quintets of keglers are staging 
a battle royal for the championship 
of the Consair Bowling league which is 
in its 21st week of competition at the 
Sunshine Alleys. The Wing Department 
crew of pin-artists is pacing the league 
with 48 points won and 32 lost and close 
on their necks is the Production aggrega- 
tion who have won 46 out of a possible 
80 points. Third place is held by the quint 
from Experimental with 44 wins and 36 
losses on their record. 

The Wing team of snipers of the maple- 
ways is composed of Jack Edwards, Bill 
Armstrong, Paul Di Giulio, Leo Danner 
and Steve Smith. The personnel of the 
Production team is made up of J. E. Wilk- 
inson, Roy Coykendall, Tom Jones, W. N. 
Liddle, Arnold H. Sprenger and Harvey 
Muck. The quintet from the Experimental 
department is made up of Russell Wright, 
Ward Levere, Ed Hanzlik, Ed Lang and 
George Galley. 

In gathering data for the March 1st 
average books which is being published 
by the Sun sports staff many interesting 
sidelights on the Consair bowlers came to 
light. For instance Morton of the Main- 
tenance team has Chauncey for a starting 
monicker. ""Mac" Clutinger gets his nick- 
name from McKinley and Paul De Ginlo's 
name is not De Ginlo but Di Giulio, all 
opinions to the contrary notwithstanding. 
Bert Freakley has the reputation of be- 
ing Consair's most enthusiastic pin-popper. 
Bert is always on hand an hour before the 
match games start and usually gets in 
four or five practice games before the 
whistle blows. 

The ranking five players of Consair ac- 
cording to the Board of Merit at the Sun- 
shine are Michael Brooks 175, Arnold 
Sprenger 173, Irving Craig 171, Jack 
Edwards 169, and Steve Smith 169. 
Won Loif 

Wing 48 32 

Production 46 34 

Experimental 44 3 6 

Tube Benders 41 39 

Machine Shop 40 40 

Sheet Metal 39 41 

Hull No. 2 38 42 

Hull No. 1 37 43 

Maintenance 37 43 

Final Assembly 30 SO 

Engineers' League: 

Won Lost 

Equipment 32 20 

Loft 30 22 

Armament 26 26 

Hull 2S 27 

Power Plant 22 30 

General 21 31 

April, 1939 


1. Mr. and Mrs. Ernie Hodgson and daughter, Muriel, lawn bowling. 2. Wm. Liddle and Vince 
Gilmore prove that purchasing produces points. 3. John Lockwood and Terry in the final badminton 
playoff. Bottom, left, Willis, B. Snow with Roy Larceval on a fast getaway. 5. Doug. Basore, V. 
Gilmore, Roy Larceval, S. Sheppard, S. Galasso . . . everyone a champion! 6. Bill Gilchrist, Frank 
O'Connor, Mrs. McGinnis and Grand Slam Champion Mrs. F. O'Connor ... at badminton. All photos 
by Matt Wielopolski of the Machine Shop. 

Al Leonard's mother-in-law has gone 
back east. In celebration, he declared a 
second honeymoon. However, it didn't 
turn out just as he had planned. About 
twenty members of the Hull Department 
and "Whitey" Dake called on him that 
very night to help him celebrate. It turned 
out swell though and they all had a good 
time, especially "Rosey" Roese. Free beer 
and a deluxe dutch lunch for all. 


By Hep 
Have you heard about the fast one 
George Wire pulled on a motorcycle of- 
ficer recently? It seems he and Mrs. Wire 
were stopped for driving in excess of the 
speed limit. When the officer started writ- 
ing the ticket, Mrs. Wire unconsciously 
pulled out her handkerchief and proceeded 
to wipe a cinder from her eye. George 
immediately seized the opportunity and 
began to plead with her not to cry. The 
officer was so impressed, he promised not 
to write the ticket. What's that old saying 
about "hiding behind a woman's skirts?" 

"Red" Chaplin arriving home at a rather 
late hour, proceeded to undress with the 
aid of a flashlight, so as not to awaken 
Mrs. Chaplin. The neighbors seeing the 
light immediately phoned the deputy 
sheriff residing across the street from the 
Chaplin's. On hearing a slight tread out- 
side, "Red" sneaked to the window and 
flashed his light into the bewildered dep- 
uty's face. It took them at least one-half 
hour to decide who was or wasn't the 
burglar, sheriff or what have you. 

It might be a good suggestion to the 
management to stretch life nets around. 
If they could have seen "Johnny" Hop- 
man come tumbling down, I'm sure they 
wouldn't hesitate. Johnny's still thanking 
his "lucky star" that he landed on his 
head. "Otherwise," he says, "I might have 
really hurt myself." 

Congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. Art 
Sepin. It's a boy. Mother and son are do- 
ing fine. Art is still convalescing. 

Mr. and Mrs. B. Cook are the proud 
parents of a fine baby girl, born on March 
16th, 1939. Congratulations from one 
and all. 

San Diego Flying Club news 

THE San Diego papers devoted consid- 
erable space to an account of the an- 
niversary of the club recently and we wish 
to thank Mr. Ernie Hulick for his splen- 
did efforts. 

Work on the Taylor Cub is coming 
along nicely. The Tail assembly and fuse- 
lage have all been recovered and repainted. 
Melvin Knutson is responsible for the 
checkered artistry. Tommy Butterfield 
was a whiz at rib lacing until he discov- 
ered he had the rudder finished before he 
remembered the tapes! 

Leboffe, LeVine, Buzzelli, Sidney, Birch, 
McCannon, Griffith, Buck, Hubbard, 
Knutson, Butterfield and many others have 
all been putting in their two-bits worth. 
Recovering of the wing will start shortly- 
A couple of weeks and we'll all be flying 
a red cub with silver and red checkered 
tail. It looks nice too! 

Orville Hubbard resigned his position 
as resident field manager so that he could 
have more time to study for his commer- 
cial license. He retains his position as Op- 
erations Manager, however, and intends to 
travel back and forth to the field by way 
of his newly acquired trailer. Mr. William 
Travis will be th; new Field Manager and 
together with his wife will reside at the 

Our instructor, Walter McClain at- 
tended the N.A.A. speed demons of the air 
(race pilot's) meeting in Los Angeles on 
March 14th, enjoying the occasion. 

Maxine Hubbard. 



Tlteu La5t .... 







Ul. p. FULLER 

& CO. 

Seuenth Hue. and F St. . 

main D1B1 

2911 Uniuersity Hue. . Hillcrest 3110 



Ulinc KEVHOLE Drifting Thru Drafting 

By Broicnc 

Charlie Wegner, why did you buy that 
quart of Domeano? 

Mr. and Mrs. D. Pearson were presented 
with a fine baby girl on March 15 th. 
Congratulations and loads of luck. 

George MacLean came in one Monday 
with a very red face. What caused it this 
time, George? 

The Wing Department's "Seagull Club" 
has only two members to date, Fred Adams 
and Bill Bowlin. Who's next? 

Mrs. Harry Birse was rushed to Scripps 
Hospital Sunday, March 19th for an ap- 
pendicitis operation. We wish Mrs. Birse a 
speedy recovery. 

Tommy Guarnotta was scorekeeper at a 
recent Wing bowling match. Is that why 
we lost or was it cigar smoke in your 
eyes. Tommy? 

Now that Ken Jackman is doing his 
stuff. Herb Ezard and Steve Powell are 
all smiles. 

Gilbert Lance has been considering se- 
riously disposing of his two goats lately, 
but the other night he came home and 
found they had doubled up on him. Con- 

The boys of the Wing Department wish 
their fellow worker, G. E. Terrill an early 

Benny Keagle, assistant to Leo Bourdon, 
has gone in for Cub Scouting. He wasn't 
able to handle the Boy Scouts because they 
don't want to fly kites now, so he can be 
seen teaching the Cubs to master the art of 
kite flying at Brown's Campus grounds on 
Saturday and Sunday. Benny says it has 
some connection with airplanes. 

W. Milton. 



PRinr - ujflLLPnPiii 

Braaduiau •* Tinth ^ 

FrankUn 6207 

Sherwin - Wllllami Dlitrlbater 

By Bouley 

Don Juan Wheat was as white as a sheet 
As he knelt at the feet of his lady sweet; 
But the crisis is past, and now at last 
The crowd is massed for the weddihg blast. 
April second is the day, 
For by then D. J. will have his pay. 

T^ JE noted that Bob Lutz was married 

V V on March the second, and that 
Don Juan intends to change Miss Eleanor 
Mitchell's name to Mrs. Wheat on April 
the second. Wondering at this strange af- 
finity of the second day of the month for 
nuptials, we inquired concerning fash- 
ionable dates. We were duly informed that 
the 2nd and the 17th of the month are 
regarded as "just utterly, utterly . . ." 
by that certain stratum this year. The rea- 
son is that both dates fall on the day after 
pay day. 

At the bachelor dinner given for Bob 
Lutz the creature with the horns and the 
forked tail by some machination placed a 
covey of comely co-eds in the same ban- 
quet room. This caused no stampede or 
even sidelong glances among our intrepid 
males save for Don Juan Wheat (who 
was to be married in five short weeks) 
and Chuck Freel, an avowed woman- 
hater. These Lotharios rushed over and 
danced with the gals until the nickels for 
the phonograph gave out. When they re- 
turned, all flushed with excitement, they 
were given a rousing Brooklyn and forced 
to sit detached from the others for the 
balance of the evening. By the way, Lutz 
claims that his month of vegetable diet 
before getting married was the real McCoy, 
as it caused him really to appreciate his 
new wife's first cooking efforts. 

Gene Holston modestly denies that his 
archery has a part in all the marital ac- 
tivity making the rounds these days. He 
counters with the suggestion that it is the 
"Proposals" book at the engineering file 
desk that is keeping all the young eligibles 
"marriage minded." 

On the other half of the ledger of the 
Errata and Addendum department we 
emerge from billowing clouds of cigar 
smoke to confirm the interest of Len 
Cederwall in a young native who will 
soon answer to the name of Allen Leonard, 
and whose surname, curiously enough, is 
also Cederwall. Also Dapper Dan Duncan 
will probably now be forced to surrender 
his "best dressed man" title to another. 
His budget must be rearranged to buy 
Easter bonnets and slippers for his new 
daughter Patricia Lynne. There seem to 
be two opposing schools of thought in this 
matter of the next generation. The con- 
servatives seek to have sons to support 

their parents as the signs of senility appear, 
while the others as in the case of Duncan 
seek a gambling short-cut in having a 
daughter to marry into money. 

We note that since athletics have been 
dropped from his manifold career of dis- 
patcher-athlete-insurance salesman- writer, 
Production Minute Bradshaw's literary 
ramblings have taken a decided turn for 
the better. In fact he apparently now rec- 
ognizes the fact that real news value lies 
in Engineering department activities, as 
evidenced by his poaching on our preserves 
in the matter of the doings of one Arne 
Vinje. However, as usual Bradshaw dis- 
covered only half the truth. Had we been 
consulted we could have told him about 
the time that Vinje leaned his golf clubs 
against his car in the garage so that he 
wouldn't forget them; yet the next morn- 
ing he managed to arrive at the tee with 
nary a weapon save his hands and an 
amazed expression. 

Along with Hank Nelson's amazing 
stories of walking along golf courses and 
having tee shots fall into his hands is one 
concerning a high scoring friend in the 
recent tournament, who reported that a 
bird perched on his golf ball just as he 
was about to drive. Those little feathered 
creatures certainly seem instinctively to 
know the safest place in a moment of 

Ernie Stout was back east on Caiisoli- 
cia/cd btisiness for several months at the 
N.A.C.A. towing basin. During that time 
he lost his Tau Beta Pi engineering hon- 
orary key from his watch chain. As they 
drained the three years' accumulation of 
muck from the basin recently, workmen 
discovered his key and returned it to him. 
While it is extremely doubtful if the 
presence of the key in the basin seriously 
affected the tests Ernie ran. its return 
suggests that there is something in this 
world that is as hard to lose as a mother- 

Joe Davis of the loft tried unsuccessfully 
all winter to persuade his wife to knit him 
a slip-over sweater, but she quietly con- 
tinued to knit little garments for the dog. 
Unable to determine whether he or the 
dog was really in the doghouse, Joe pressed 
the issue one day and finallv the little 
woman blushingly admitted that she was 
unable to obtain a pattern of a sweater 
which would slip on conveniently over the 
Davis schnozz, which somehow or other 
seems to have missed that grindstone we 
used to hear so much about. 

Engineering is always a compromise be- 
tween that which is desired, and that which 
is practically attainable. 

April, 1939 


Cun Hub K's 

A Few years ago ten members of the 
Consolidated Aircraft Rifle Club held 
an exchange match with ten members se- 
lected from the plant bowling teams. The 
purpose of the contest being primarily to 
provide a couple of evenings of good en- 
tertainment and an opportunity for mem- 
bers of the bowling team to learn some- 
thing of target rifle shooting and vice 
versa. During the past couple of weeks an- 
other idea of similar nature was con- 
cocted in the fertile minds of the officers 
of the Rifle Club whereby it was decided 
to hold a triangle match representing 
three vastly different forms of sport — 
rifle shooting, golfing, and bowling. The 
purpose of this second contest was for the 
same reason as that of its predecessor — 
to provide a means for representatives of 
each of these groups to exchange contests 
thereby giving each entrant an oppor- 
tunity to learn something about the other 
fellow's form of recreation and to have 
a good time doing it. 

The reception accorded the plan was 
well nigh spontaneous, and in less than 
a week eighty entrants had been signed 
up. Saturday morning, March 18, 1939, 
seventy persons appeared at the San Diego 
Police Dept. Rifle Range on Broadway Ex- 
tension to participate in the first leg of the 
tourney. It goes without saying that every- 
one had an enjoyable time, and some of 
the scores were quite surprising. Mc- 
Dougal led the field with an aggregate 
score of 183, giving him a rating of 96% 
for the first leg of the triangle. George 
Wire also fired, but apparently all he could 
see was spots before his eyes. 

In closing we would like to repeat the in- 
vitation which is open to all employees of 
the Consolidated Aircraft Corp. and mem- 
bers of their friends or families, to be 
present on each Wednesday evening at 
7:30 p.m. and join us in shooting on the 
rifle range, located in the basement of the 
Stanley Andrews Sporting Goods Co. 

"Oh, what a strange looking cow," 
exclaimed the sweet young thing. "But 
why hasn't she any horns?" 

"Whell, you see," explained the farmer, 
"some cows is born without horns, and 
never had any, and others shed theirs, and 
some we dehorn, and some breeds ain't 
supposed to have horns at all. There's 
a lot of reasons why some cows ain't got 
horns, but the reason why that cow ain't 
got horns is because she ain't a cow — she's 
a horse." 

McDougal, D. __ 
Schn.iubelt, H. _ 
Golem, Henry ^ 
Golem, Howard 

Meyers, H. 

Prior, H. 

Kallis, F. 

Schneider, P. __ 
Waterbury, J. __ 
Peterhansel, O. _ 


Conniry, J. 

VonMeeden, H. 

Kipkowski, S. 

Weber, L. 

Benson, D. 

Lawrence, H. 

Bauer, L. 

No. of 



McDougal, D. 28! 


Prone — 

H. Prior 100 (3) 

Henry Golem 100 

Howard Golem 100 

K. Kallis 100 

D. McDougal 100 

H. Schnaubelt 100 


D. McDougal 97 


H. Schnaubelt 90 

Some sing o£ beauty, some of fame 

And some cold millions vaunt; 
I hymn the untold value 

Of the useful maiden aunt. 

"When grandma has an accident. 

Or mother needs a jaunt. 
Or father's bookkeeper absconds 

Steps in the maiden aunt. 

When sister's dress is not quite done, 

Or brother's lessons daunt. 
Or Bridget leaves — how capably 

Steps in the maiden aunt. 

Sometimes a stranger man will see 

What these, her nearest, can't, 
And consternation follows when 
Steps out the maiden aunt. 

— Selected. 
Contributed by Bill Gilchrist, No. 808. 























Consolidated Philosophy 

By D. R. Kern 

Because he cannot reach t/x peak of 
the mountain, the wise 7nan does not re- 
fuse to enjoy the view from a lower level. 

The men whom I have seen succeed 
have always been cheerful and hopeful, 
who went about their business with a 
smile on their faces, and took the changes 
and chances of this mortal life like men. 

Always do as you please and in a short 
time you won't please anybody. 

Before it can pay taxes or anything 
else, industry must be allowed to func- 
tion. You can't collect what isn't there. 

Take a tip from nature. Man's ears are 
not made to shut— his mouth is. 

A kind word, or a timely helping hand 
extended to a neighbor or friend whose 
prospects may not be as promising as yours 
may bring much joy and hope — at no 
cost at all to you. 

When you are looking for faults to 
correct, look in the mirror. 

When you arrive at the point where 
you know how little you know, you have 
arrived at the beginning of knowledge. 

If you want your dreams to come true — 
don't oversleep. 






Consolidated Philosophy 

If you have great talents, industry will 
improve them; if you have but moderate 
abilities industry will supply their de- 

While environment changes and ma- 
terial forces are altered — human nature 
remains the same, therefore human nature 
is what we must reach and inspire and 

Happiness is a very sticky substance. 
You can't spread even a little of it with- 
out getting some on yourself. 

Be Sure Von ARE 
COMPLET£LY Protected 


Vou can be sure your requirements' 
will be well raken care of, if you 
appoint this agency to make a survey 



San Diego Trust & Savings 

Franklin 5141 

Coughlin's [oughins 

The Engineers held their monthly Golf 
Tournament at the La Jolla Golf Course 
on Saturday, March 11, 1939, and it was 
a grand success. 

Listed below are the winners of this 


1st Low Net— Hemphill 70 

2nd Low Net — Moe 74 

3rd Low Net — Rhodes 76 

4th Low Net — Yater 79 

Low Putts — Ekren 32 

Low Gross— Sheahan 90 


1st Low Net — Kclley 74 

2nd Low Net — Devlin 74 

3rd Low Net — Leigh 76 

4th Low Net — Achtcrkerchen 79 

Low Putts— Weber 32 

Low Gross— Watts 103 

Farnsworth 103 


1st Low Net — Stout 66 

2nd Low Net — Stacy 69 

3rd Low Net — Robbins 73 

4th Low Net — Rosenbaum 78 

5 th Low Net — Fowler 79 

Low Putts— Eldred 34 

McCabe 34 

Low Gross— Hinckley 111 

The winners of the Match Play Tourna- 
ment held the past month are listed below: 

Championship Flight — Freel. 

1st Flight — Schwarz. 

2nd Flight— Sutton. 

3rd Flight — MacDougal. 

4th Flight — Carlson. 

5th Flight — Devlin. 

6th Flight— Robbins. 

The standing of the Engineers' Bowling 

Won Lost 

1st — Equipment 32 20 

2nd— Loft 30 22 

3rd — Armament 26 26 

4th— Hull 25 27 

5th — Power Plant 22 30 

6th— General 21 31 

The next Engineers' Golf Tournament 
will be held on Saturday, April IJ, 1939, 
on the Coronado Golf Course. 

To bear up under loss, to fight the bit- 
terness of defeat and the weakness of 
grief, to be victor over anger, to smile 
when tears are close, to resist disease and 
evil men and base instincts, to hate hate 
and to love love, to go on when it would 
seem good to die, to look up with un- 
quenchable faith in something ever more 
about to be — that is what any man can 
do, and be great. — Zane Grey. 


'.ym^ In u I n III r 

of the Western hHemisphere 


P R O V A L S 


Box 333B . La Jolla, Calif. 

[onsolr Rod and Reel Club 

SIXTY-FOUR members of the Consair 
Rod and Reel Club attended their first 
Annual Stag Saturday, March 4th, at the 
Veterans of Foreign Wars' building in 
Balboa Park . . . and what an exciting 
time these fishermen had. 

President Ronald Miller briefly told of 
the Club's activities during the past year 
and outlined plans for the ensuing year. 

Our Club's "La Jolla sea-faring man," 
Hibert, very dextrously distributed the 
long-awaited prizes to the expert anglers of 
193 8 whose names appeared in a recent 
Consolidator for having caught the largest 
and heaviest pisces. "Chuck" then gave 
the boys a treat showing some splendid 
movies he took while cruising off La Jolla 
shores and the Coronado Islands in search 
of bigger and and better fish. A Tia Juana 
Bull fight picture was included in "Chuck's 
Show", for some unknown reason. After 
the movies came a half -hour of drinking 
(coffee, etc.) and feasting. . . . 


Came the moment these fishermen were 
waiting for . . . the Hawaiian dancers, 
Reri and her two able-bodied assistants. 
Les Crawford acted as master of ceremonies 
or somethin' and fishin' was far from the 
minds of all present for some time. 

Our own Russian tenor Nicholas Tue- 
vesky had a hard time to get going, but 
finally "at the close rendered three beauti- 
ful numbers which were very much en- 
joyed by the boys. 

The Fishermen's quartet . . . Eddie Lang, 
Geo. Landy, Hank Roese and Walt Beyer 
gave several bar-room numbers while the 
boys were relishing the fine food and beer. 

The officers of the club wish to convey 
their thanks to all who contributed in 
making this first annual party a success. 

An invitation is extended to all Con- 
solidated employees to become members 
of the Club and enter into its activities 
for the coming season. 

Rnsuiers to Questions 
on Page 1 

1. Charles Martin Hall. 

2. Dihedral. 

3. Fairing. 

4. Chromic acid. 

5. 910- to 930- F. 

6. Camber. 

7. Airspeed indicator. 

8. Aluminum, Copper, Manganese, Mag- 

9. Pitot. 
10. Zoom. 

FiniSH nEuis 

By Al Griffith 

SEEMS that the boys of the Finish De- 
partment have been very busy, for I 
must announce that we have in our midst 
two proud papas . . . both papas of boys. 

Troy Sansing, sprayer, is one of the 
boys. He's boasting of a son weighing 
nearly 8 pounds. 

"Chris" Ortel, doper, is the other fel- 
low who's boasting. He now has a 7'/2 
pound boy . . . says it wasn't half bad, 
and that he feels fine. 

Albert Bell, also a doper, was strutting 
around last week. I asked him what the 
idea was, and he started to brag about a 
first grandson! 

I don't know what is the matter with 
"Slim" O'Donnell, unless someone has 
been feeding him bird seed. It sort of makes 
a fellow wonder to see a black mustache 
singing high soprano. 

Major Shusman, who is also big chief 
of the dipping deptartment, says, "Boys, 
don't worry about anything for I am one 
of the country's best National Guards- 

Casey Jones of the final touch-up has 
a nice wood-working shop in his garage, 
with a drill press, circular saw, jointer, 
and even an air compressor for spraying. 
If anyone wants anything made, see Casey. 
He'll be glad to do it! 

Among the gold diggers of 1939 we find 
"Benny" Leonard. He has been digging 
for some time. He says gold doesn't mean 
a thing. He just likes to dig around. Says 
Mrs. Leonard, "Here's a good chance to 
put in a new lawn." Or is it? 

(Major Shusman and Al Griffith have 
something in common. They're both work- 
ing mighty hard to gain their "Ham" 
radio licenses.- — Ed.) 

"K" nEUIS 

who is the runger of the Experimental 
Bowling Team? It can't be the captain, 
because he scores 132 or less. — P. 

Tom Bunch wanted to make a bet on 
Sally Booter. . . He didn't know that Eby 
had already used her up long ago in the 
glue pot. — W.L. 

Has everyone seen those inventions of 
"Doc" Carson's in the Experimental tool 
crib? If not, he would be more than 
anxious to show them, and demonstrate 
their wonderful improvements. Yes, sir, 
and he is mighty proud of them also. It's 
too bad Doc's horse didn't do any better 
than 13 th in the big race, as these modern 
brainstorms would certainly get patented. 
— E. S. 




When you stock up on those slick 
Garrett tools, maybe you won't need 
a police guard for protection agamst 
tool moochers, but you'll surely have 
to learn to say "NO." Garrett has 
just the tools you need to be a better 
mechanic and the envy of your fellow 


1126 Santa Fe Ave. 

MUtual 2286 

Los Angeles 




/ne ex.penic li a. mattez ok ijout ou/n deiite 


Fourth Ave. and Ash St. MORTUARY Phone, Main 6168 

Index to Advertising 

Associated Gasoline 12 

Exclusive Florists 2nd Cover 

Fuller Paints 13 

Garrett Supply Co 3rd Cover 

Gaioso 15 

Hacker Service 4 

Johnson-Soum 3rd Cover 

La Jollo Stamp Co 16 

Lindbergh Field Cafe 7 

Morgan's Cafeteria 11 

Qualitee Dairy 3rd Cover 

Salmons & Wolcott 16 

Standard Furniture 5 

T. W. A 2nd Cover 

University Window Shade 10 

Whiting-Mead 2nd Cover 

Wines Coffee 2nd Cover 


is the MILK for me!" 





^® (and foi) ^mH 



San Uiegii 

EST. 1925 


11 n n nil rsiTTnii Rii 



MAY • 1939 

FULLER pninis 

iTtQu la6t .... 






lU. p. FULLER & [0. 

Seuenth Hue. and F St. . Rlain 0181 
2911 Uniuersity Rue. . Hillirest 3110 







and on 



Furniture Co. 

2368 Ketiner at Kalmia 


Send flowers from 



Wear Them at Work or Play! 


Cotton Jean Shirt 
Cotton Drill Pants 

1 00 
1 29 

A netv idea — combining 
smart sryle with plenty of 
wear! Sanforized shrunk! 
Vat-dyed! Shirt, l^'A-ll; 
pants. Sizes 30-44. 

Shadow Stripe Style 

Sanforized shrunk Jean ^^ f»Q 

and Drill in fast color ^B ^^ 

taupe. Neatly tailored ^^^^ 

and reinforced for last- f^^B^ 
ing sen-'ice. 

Army Twdll 

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Fully Sanforized shmnk. .J^ • '^ 

Fast color taupe. Bar- ^ B 

tacked at strain points. ^—^ 
SHIRT 1.89 PANTS 1.98 

Montgomery Ward 

B St. at 8th Phone F. 7781 



(Credit yourself ten for each question cor- 
rectly answered. Answers will be found 
on page 13.) 

1. What new corrosion preventive is 
being used by the Navy? 

2. At what temperature does bend alloy 

3. Name the acute angle between the 
chord of an airfoil and its direction rela- 
tive to the air. 

4. Give the minimum tensile strength 
in pounds per square inch of 24 ST sheet 

5. How are exposed edges, scratches and 
abrasions protected by the pure aluminum 
coating on alclad? 

6. Where is the largest wind tunnel in 
the world located? 

7. Name the material used in the "Solu- 
tion heat treatment" of aluminum alloys. 

By D. R. K. 

8. Where was the first successful flight 
made in America of a flying boat? 

9. Who is in charge of the Army Air 
Corps activities in the U.S.? 

10. What does the abbreviation N.A. 
C. A. stand for? 

He is not only idle who does nothing, 
but he is idle who might be better em- 
ployed. — Socrates. 


Volume 4 

May, 1939 

Number 5 

neui Duties 

AT the annual meeting of the Board of 
. Directors of the Consolidated Air- 
craft Corporation, held on March 29th, 
last; Donald M. Carpenter, Co-ordinator 
and Production manager since '36, was ap- 
pointed a member of the Board of Direct- 
ors. Thus was added another link in his 
already large round of duties. 

"Doc" Carpenter, as he is generally 
known to his wide range of friends and 
acquaintances, is no newcomer to either 
aviation or Consolidated airplanes, for that 
matter. A Naval graduate with 2 5 years 
of Naval experience, and a Naval Aviator 
since 1922, "Doc" Carpenter has been in 
practically constant contact with Consoli- 
dated and Consolidated planes since the 
building of the early NYs. It was, how- 
ever, only as late as '36 that he retired 
from active Naval service to accept a civil 
position as (Consolidated' s Co-ordinator 
and Production Manager. Thoroughly 
trained thru Naval Aircraft Inspection, 
flight and operation for the position he 
was to assume. Carpenter has found his 
natural bent in the work attached to the 
building of Naval craft here. Hence his 
recent appointment to the Board of Di- 
rectors comes as a natural result of his 
co-ordinating and managerial efforts of 
the past scant three years. The addition 
of Donald M. Carpenter to the Board 
augurs well for the future of the Consoli- 
dated Aircraft Corporation. 

VDur Boy? 

Three out of every five bicycles in San 
Diego are unsafe for night riding because 
of lack of safety equipment, according to 
W. A. Huggins, executive secretary of the 
San Diego Safety Council, who has just 
completed a survey of thousands of bicycles 
throughout the city. 

"Despite the fact that the law requires 
a white light in front and a red reflector 
in the rear, children and adults alike take 
chances with their lives all the time by 
not installing such safety devices," Hug- 
gins said. "The cost is very small, in fact 
regular flashlights can be used in front 
by attaching metal clamps, while reflectors 

cost very little. In any event, the added 
security more than offsets any financial 

Huggins further pointed out that par- 
ents are most often to blame for this con- 
dition by not inspecting the bicycles their 
children ride. He said automobile drivers 
shrink from the thought of driving with- 
out lights and yet never pay any atten- 
tion to the safety of their children who 
ride bicycles at night. 

nssociated Glider Clubs 

The dream of a two-place sailplane in 
which every club member could fly, is 
now a reality. Since March 8th the 
"Grunau 8" has been used every week at 
Torrey Pines. The ship is very stable and 
of rugged construction, being designed as 
an intermediate trainer. Yet it has flown 
to 1,100 feet with two up on a 15-mile- 
per-hour slope wind. With the aid of a 
cloud we once rose to 1,500 feet where 
the cliffs were only 200 feet high. 

The "Grunau 8" is stored at the field and 
takes only 1 5 minutes to set up, so flying 
need not be limited to week-ends for those 
who work. Hence: wives and mothers of 
glider fiends: when the wind is good, don't 
worry about your "wandering boy tonite" 
— he'll just be out at Torrey Pines, soaring. 
Jerry Lytell. 

March 24, 1939. 
Memo to: Frank Learman 
Re: "Consolidator" Advertising. 

My wife reports the following interest- 
ing conversation heard recently (eaves- 
dropped) in a downtown restaurant be- 
tween two business men discussing Con- 
solidated' s latest business: 

1st B.M. "You know that little mag- 
azine, "The Consolidator" which they pub- 

2nd B.M. "Yes." 

1st B.M. "It costs me about $19.50 a 
month to advertise in it, and I get more 
business from it than from all my other 

Sounds like a nice plug, which might be 
of value in selling other advertisers. 

F. W. Devlin. 

Question Boh 

It has been suggested by Jack Kline, 
that the Consolidator run a "Question 
Box Column," the idea being for employees 
to send in questions pertaining to any 
phase of aviation or aviation production. 
This probably will result in a flood of 
questions to be cleared up for the readers. 
It may result in far more questions than 
we can handle, but we welcome the idea. 
Don't hesitate with your questions! Shoot 
'em in thru the news collector in your de- 
partment. While we may not be able to 
answer each and every question, still don't 
hesitate to send yours in, because in this 
manner we will learn of subjects which 
have the greatest interest for the largest 
number of Consolidator readers. Knowing 
this, we'll do our "ding-dest" to arrange 
for an article on this subject by someone 
familiar with it and thus clear up a whole 
slue of questions at one time. This "Ques- 
tion Box" idea ought to open up many in- 
teresting phases of aviation and uncover 
many unusual points. All questions must 
be signed by name and clock number . . . 
otherwise they will not be answered. 

San Diego Flying Club Scores 

The team from the San Diego Flying 
Club defeated the Alpha Eta Rho Fra- 
ternity of S. D. State College at the Linda 
Vista Airport meet Sunday, April 23d with 
a total score of 473 points. The events in- 
cluded bombings, spot landings, balloon 
bursting and a novelty race. Clarence 
Prescott won 1st honors in the acrobatic 

Don Frye acted as chief judge. Field 
judges were Jack Baker, Don Fram, Merle 
Parker, Al Griffith and John Robinson. 
The S. D. Flying Club team included, L. 
W. McCannon, Capt.; Orv Hubbard, Tom 
Butterfield, Walter McLain, Ralph LaVine, 
Eddie Burch, Henry Boffe, Al Griffith 
and Don Garrett. 

A man is never astonished that he 
doesn't know what another does, but he 
is surprised at the gross ignorance of the 
other in not knowing what he does. — 

All communications should be addressed to the CONSOLIDATOR. Co CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California. 
Permission to reorint in whole or in part anv of the subject matter herein, is gladly granted ony established publication provided proper credit is given the 
CONSOLIDATOR. Material may not be used for advertising. Printed monthly in the U. S. A. by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, California. 


Sheet news 

By Connie Scaderqiiist 

IT is hoped that Lou Miller will invest 
in a one-pint thermos bottle and get 
rid of the half-pint one he has, as the 
boys at the desk run short of coffee them- 
selves, as he sponges from them . . . says 
Harald Hahn. 

Congratulations! The added expansion 
of Dick Bartlett's chest now 'days is due 
to the fact that the Bartlett "Pear" is now 
three. They've added a little chap to their 
family tree. Born March 2 5 th at Mercy 
Hospital, he weighs 8 lbs., 3 oz. Name: 
Richard Wrelton Bartlett. 

The T's have it! "The terrifically titter- 
ing ticklish terrible "Terrell,' the tempting 
tid-bit of the tyrannical tormenting 
ticklers, thoughtlessly tosses tools toward 
the tormenting ticklers!" Nos. 1737 and 
1777, Bartlett and Mounts. 

The Bench and Weld Departments have 
a puzzle on their hands which defies solu- 
tion to date: Benny Kiegle, our genial and 
agreeable personality, parks his car at the 
far end of the farthest parking lot and 
walks half a mile morning and night. Need 
exercising that bad, Bennie? No. 2925. 

From the little spark may burst a 
mighty flame. — Dante. 

But not Coodbv 




CONSOLIDATED has announced the 
sale of the manufacturing rights to a 
long and splendid line of small trainers 
and observation planes that have formed 
an indelible background in the early 
growth of the Corporation. For sometime 
the pressure to place the Fleets and other 
training planes once more in production, 
has been growing. Many training schools 
and aircraft manufacturers have ap- 
proached Consolidated with this thought 
in view. Feeling that the interests of Con- 
solidated would be best served by a con- 
centration upon larger types of aircraft, 
yet not wishing to desert the hundreds of 
owners who are still using the smaller 
airplanes, the decision was made to sell 
the rights. 

From a long line of candidates. Consoli- 
dated selected the Brewster Aeronautical 
Corporation of Long Island City, New 
York, to carry on this work, the sale being 
officially completed on April 6th. The 
contract consideration was not revealed, 
but it was announced that manufacturing 
rights to the Fleets, Model 21 (PT-11, 
PT-llC, BT-7), PTs, NYs and 0-19s 
for the U. S., its territories and possessions 
were included in the deal. Fleet Aircraft, 
Ltd. of Canada retains the foreign rights 
to these planes. 

It is safe to say that the Consolidated 
Series of designs now passing into other 
hands has trained more present-day flyers 
than all others combined. The PTs and 
NYs, built under the supervision of Col. 
V. E. Clark who was responsible for the 
famous Clark Y and U.S.A. series airfoils, 
were the first training planes used by the 
Army and Navy to employ steel tube 
fuselages and to have crash pads and in- 
struments mounted out on the cowling to 
prevent injury in case of a crash. The 
PT-1 was designed and entered in the 
army competition for a successor to the 
historic old "Jenny." Two-seated, convert- 
ible land or seaplanes with performance, 
appearance and streamlining sacrificed for 
what was wanted most, namely, rugged- 
ness, simplicity and neutral stability, the 
PTs and NYs filled the bill. The Army 
bought 220 PTls with water-cooled Hisso 
engines and 2 50 PT-3s with Wright Air- 
cooled engines, while the Navy took 127 
NY-Is and 178 NY-2s. Being rugged, 
accessible and easy to get in and out of, 
they established one of the outstanding 
records of safety. Of a number sold to the 
Cuban Government in '28 three-quarters 
were reported still in operation late in '37. 

Three production models of the 0-19 
series, the 0-19B, 0-19C, and 0-19E were 
produced and some 170 planes of this 
standard observation type were sold to the 
Army. The fuselages and control surfaces 
were of corrugated dural; the wing struc- 
tures metal, fabric covered. Powered with 
a Pratt and Whitney Wasp of 450 H.P. 
the high speed was 152 M.P.H. The plane 
was also adapted for use with floats. 

The Fleets were an outgrowth of the 
experience gained in the design and con- 
struction of training planes. A two-place, 
open cockpit staggered biplanes with a span 
of 28 feet and of simple and rugged de- 
sign, nearly 1,000 Fleets have been sold 
throughout the world. Used on floats, 
wheels and even skis, with powerplants 
ranging from 90 to 175 H.P., the Fleet 
is very well known to all. Besides domestic 
sales. Fleets have been sold in Argentina, 
Brazil, Spain, China, Portugal, Paraguay, 
Turkey, Roumania, Yugoslavia and Mex- 
ico. Mexican Army pilots hopped six 
Fleets from Buffalo to Mexico City, where, 
at high altitude (7,100 feet), and heavily 
loaded with armament the Fleets have been 
accumulating thousands of hours of time 
to their credit. The first airplane to be 
hooked onto and released from a lighter 
than air craft in flight was a Fleet. 

The variously designated Model 21s 
(21-A, C; PT-ll's and the BT-7, etc.) 
are single-engined, two-place trainers with 
a 31 Vz foot span and 27 foot length. The 
gross normal load of the PT-1 2 (basic 
Trainer) being around 3,000 pounds and 
the PT-11 (primar)^ trainers) somewhat 
less. The models varied primarily in en- 
gines. The 21-A being a low powered 
model and the 21-C (manufactured for 
the Colombian govt.) a high powered ! 
engine. These were the first planes to em- 
ploy ball-bearings for all bearings. The first 
plane was started from scratch, static 
tested and ready for demonstration in just 
8 weeks! An order for 46 followed. 

Thus, briefly recorded, are the planes 
of Consolidated design to which on April 
6th we bade adieu, but not goodbye, for 
their construction and their refurbishment 
in the United States will be amply taken 
care of by Brewster Aeronautical Corp. 
of Long Island City, New York. 

Dick Emerick wishes to express his ap- 
preciation for the kindness extended on 
the part of the fellows during his recent 

May, 1939 

of exercise in the fresh air and sunshine. 
There are twenty-two clubs in Southern 
CaUfornia from the Los Angeles area to 
and including San Diego and Coronado. 

The Bowls (not balls) are designed 
with a bias, so that they cannot travel in a 
straight line, and when rolled describe an 
elliptic curve, and the object of the game 
being to get as close as possible to the 
small white ball, known as the "Jack" 
(about the size of a pool ball). 

The game may be played as "singles," 
"doubles," "triples," or "rinks," of four 
players, triples being the most popular. 

The lawn is divided into strips or 
"greens" by markers at each end, each 
green being fourteen feet wide and of 
course one hundred and twenty feet long 
with a rubber mat at each end from which 
the players bowl, a triples team comprises a 
Captain or "Skip" second skip and leader. 

When play begins, the opposing skips 
take their places at the farther end of 
the green. The leader who wins the toss, 
rolls the Jack (small white ball) and the 


ON entering Balboa Park from Sixth 
Avenue, and turning left under the 
sign "Bowling Green" at the west end of 
Cabrillo Bridge you will encounter two 
square bowling "lawns" one of grass, the 
other marl (decomposed granite). These 
lawns are 120 feet square, surrounded by 
a shallow ditch. Around the outside of 
which is a banked strip of grass, then foot- 
paths dotted with seats for spectators; 
a most beautiful setting with tall eucalyp- 
tus trees on two sides, beautiful palms on 
the third and the Club House of the San 
Diego Lawn Bowling Club on the fourth 
or east side, on the edge of the Palm canyon. 

This beauty spot is unknown to most 
San Diegans, and here is played probably 
the oldest of British games, namely "Lawn 
Bowling." Most readers of history have 
read of how Sir Francis Drake when told 
that the ships of the Spanish Armada were 
sighted, remarked that they could wait 
till he finished his game of "Woods." 

Practically every town in Great Britain 
and Ireland has its bowling green, some 
of these being hundreds of years old, in 
fact the one Sir Francis Drake used, is 
believed to be still in use. The climate be- 
ing so mild over there, the adequate supply 
of moisture, and constant care give these 
lawns the appearance and almost the tex- 
ture of beautiful velvet. 

The game of Lawn Bowling is compara- 
tively new in the United States, and al- 
though purely amateur, and seldom ad- 
vertised, is gaining in popularity daily, 
due to its fascinating allure, its mild form 

skip centers it without changing the 
length of throw, then each leader in turn 
rolls three bowls, the second skip then 
roll three each, the skips, meanwhile di- 
recting them where to place their shot. 
After the four men have bowled, they 
change ends with the skips who in turn 
bowl. By the time the skip have to bowl, 
there are 12 bowls around the Jack, so that 
they have to use great skill to get close 
to the Jack without moving up any of 
their opponents' bowls. 

Each week during the year, individual 
clubs who are members of the Southern 
California Lawn Bowling Association, 
hold a tournament according to a sched- 
ule previously arranged. There are also 
four major meets held by the Association, 
besides those held by the State Association, 
and the International Congress. 

Each club holds its own membership 
tournaments to decide the "Singles" 
Champion, and best "Doubles" and 
"Triples" teams. 

In this respect J. E. (Ernie) Hodgson 
of the Wood Shop, won the cup and the 
San Diego Lawn Bowling Club Singles 
Championship for 193 8-39 after playing 
through five rounds of elimination games. 

It has been conceded that this was quite 
an accomplishment as Ernie had only 
played about a year, and his opponents 
were all old timers, one, twice winner, an- 
other the 1937 champion. 

Campbell Murray and Joe MacKean are 
also lawn bowlers and members of the San 
Diego Club. 

FinisH neuis 

Br Al Griffith 

Spring cleaning is almost over in the 
paint shop. It's now all white and looks 
swell. One of the finest in the world. Take 
a look and see for yourself. 

Sterling Riffe of Final touch-up spends 
his week-ends building airplane models 
and new designs. He turns out some very 
nice work too. He is working on a new 
concrete airplane. 

Orv Hubbard, chief dope-er of the dope 
shop has a new house trailer and is getting 
spring fever. Hope he can hold out until 

C. E. (Myrtle) Danner of Final touch- 
up, invited Auntie Iverson and Grandma 
Stewart to go deep-sea fishing again. He 
thinks you have to go three times before 
you catch any fish. They have a lot of fun, 
anyway. Last time everything was going 
swell until Danner started to eat the bait. 
(He's going collegiate. Says he can kiss 
fifteen mermaids in ten minutes!). The 
biggest catch of the day occurred when 
Stewart and Iverson pulled Danner out of 
the pond. The end of a perfect day came 
when they were seen with a case of beer, 
fishing off'n Crystal pier. 

TUBE BEnoinc 

By Danny Whorfmi 

We call him "Blackie". Anyone who 
reads the funny papers will recall how 
Pa Perkins was explaining how someone 
got a black-eye by breaking the string 
on a bundle. We have a certain fellow in 
our department, not mentioning any 
names, (his number is 2806) who came 
to work with one such black-eye. He had 
no explanation, but I think we can be 
safe in saying it was not from breaking a 
string on a bundle! 

Bert Freakley is busy with plans for his 
new home which he is intending to have 
built. We wonder if he will make many 
offsets in his hallway (or any part of the 
house) or if he will leave it straight like 
our tubing is not? 

The countenance is the portrait of the 
soul. — Cicero. 

Good Food at 
Moderate Pric. 

Open Sundayf 
and HolidayB 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixtk Ave. 

Betivcen Broadway and C St., San Diego 


[onsolidated Plane Surueys Htlantic 

AMERICAN Export Airlines, subsid- 
iary of American Export Lines, op- 
erators for the past twenty years of the 
famous "Ex boats" plying between New 
York and Mediterranean and Black Sea 
ports, shortly will begin survey flights 
over the direct route to Horta in the 
Azores, thence to Biscarrosse, France's 
new trans-Atlantic airbase southwest of 
Paris, and on to Marseilles. 

American Export Lines will be the first 
established steamship company in the 
North Atlantic trade to engage in flying 
boat operations. Of this new airline W. H. 
Coverdale, President of American Export 
Lines says: "We don't regard American 
Export as a steamship company going into 
a new business. We have been in the 
transportation business across the Atlantic 
with steamships for the past twenty years. 
In supplementing our services on the seas 
with flying boats manned by experienced 

men in this type of craft, the company 
is following a natural traffic trend to 
render a complete transportation service 
to the traveling and shipping public. Full 
resources of the steamship operations will 
be put behind the projected air fleet. This 
embraces an international organization of 
trained men and a fleet of eighteen steam- 
ships moving along the route to act as 
weather reporters, navigational checkers, 
and radio stations. The average distance 
of any one of these seagoing "home ports" 
is approximately 500 miles from a seaplane 
flying the route. Since the hop from New 
York to Horta is 2,400 miles, the presence 
of eight or more boats along the route and 
in constant radio contact is of inestimable 
value in any possible emergency." 

The survey plane to be used is the Con- 
solidated model 28 now undergoing test- 
ing here. It has been equipt with all the 
latest mstruments for long over-water 

journeys and its sole mission is to gather 
scientific information on navigational and 
meteorological conditions along the route, 
to check and cross-check findings, and to 
mould data and experience into a routine 
operation between planes and ships. 

With New York as the home port, it is 
estimated that the crossing to Biscarrosse, 
including the Azores stop, will require 30 
hours. Immediately following the proving 
flights, it is planned to acquire a sufficient 
number of flying boats to operate two 
round trips a week, carrying mail and ex- 
press. Based on data and information gained 
through the operation of survey and prov- 
ing flights, plans and specifications will be 
drawn for the construction of long-range 
aircraft designed for the carriage of forty 
or more passengers in addition to mail 
and express. 

In command of the model 28 survey 
plane will be P. J. Byrne who has been 
flying seaplanes since the war in all waters 
from the Far East to the Azores. Most of 
his experience has been with multi-engined 
craft. In his flying laborator)' he will be 
assisted by T. S. Terrill, first officer, co- 
pilot and co-navigator; M. C. J. Doyle, 
second officer and engineer; W. W. Ehmer, 
third officer and radio operator; and R. B. 
Carlson, fourth officer and assistant en- 

The officers of American Export Air- 
lines, in addition to Pres. Coverdale, are: 
John E. Slater, Executive Vice-President, 
who will coordinate the steamship and fly- 
ing boat operations; James M. Eaton, Vice- 
President, who has been an aviation ex- 
ecutive for 12 years; H. M. Gillespi, Sec- 
retary and Treasurer; and D. G. Rich- 
ardson, formerly operations manager of 
a division of Pan-American Airways, as 
operations manager. Dr. Jerome C. Hun- 
saker, head of the Department of En- 
gineering at M. I. T., is aeronautical con- 
sultant. The directors of the airline are 
W. H. Coverdale, John E. Slater, Thomas 
Hitchcock, Jr., Joseph A. Thomas, Roland 
Palmedo and Chas. U. Bay. 

During the year 1938 Consolidated used 
sixty-one thousand, three hundred and 
ninety-eight gallons of finishing material 
in the production of aircraft exclusively 
on the airplanes themselves. The largest 
single gallonage was 22,705 gallons of 
dope and lacquer thinner. The second was 
11,150 gallons of clear nitrate dope. In- 
cluded in the total are: clear acetate and 
nitrate dope, pigmented dope, clear and 
pigmented lacquers, varnish (Bakelite), 
spar varnish, primer, acid proof paint, 
bitumastic solution, marine glue and 

May, 1939 


WITH an itinerary that reads like a 
work of Kipling, Richard Arch- 
bold and his crew in the Consolidated 
Twin-Engined flying boat, the "Guba", 
will depart from Lake Habbema in the 
interior of Dutch New Guinea probably 
shortly after the appearance of this issue. 
The crew, consisting of Richard Archbold, 
Russell R. Rogers, Lewis A. Yancey, Ray 
Booth, Gerald Brown and Stephen Bar- 
rinka, who made the flight to New Guinea 
in June of last year, will make the return 
journey to San Diego. This return flight 
will be made the long way around, thus 
completely encirchng the globe. Much of 
this flight will be made by blazing sky- 
trails over previously unflown waters. 
Along a portion of this route the Aus- 
tralian Government has expressed a keen 
interest in making a survey flight. In fact, 
they have completed arrangements where- 
by two additional persons: Captain P. G. 
Taylor, who has long advocated a survey 
along the route known as the ""Reserve 
Empire Air Route" across the Indian 
Ocean, and Mr. J. Pervival, correspond- 
ent, will become members of the flight 

Returning first to the American Mu- 
seum of Natural History base camp at 
HoUandia on the north coast of New 
Guinea, the start of the return flights 
is scheduled to begin from there on May 
15 th. Then the course will be southward 
toward Austraha, stopping briefly enroute 
at Port Moresby on the south coast of 
New Guinea, then Sydney and Melbourne, 
Australia and on around to Onslow on the 
west coast. Here Captain Taylor and Mr. 
Percival will board the Guba. Captain 
Taylor was a colleague on several flights 
of the late Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, 
is an excellent navigator and one of Aus- 
traha's greatest flyers. Mr. J. Percival is a 
well known Sydney Journalist. 

Taking off on the first leg of the leisure- 
ly survey of the new Indian Ocean Air 
Route, the augmented crew will fly to the 
romantic little island of Cocos, one of a 
bit of isolated coral outcroppings discov- 
ered in 1609, which became a British pos- 
session in 18 57. The population is approxi- 
mately 1,300. It was here that the famed 
Charles Darwin spent considerable time 
studying corals. The distance from Onslow 
is 1,43 5 land miles. 

The second stop is Diego Garcia, some 
1717 miles nearer the African coast. At 
each of these island stops time will be taken 
to make aerial and land surveys of the 
potentialities of the lagoons and land, for 

the establishment of air travel bases along 
this route. Diego Garcia is in the Chagos 
Islands which also belong to Great Britian. 
This spot is in the heart of the Indian 
Ocean some 1,000 miles south of Ceylon, 
India, well off the track of the steamers. 
There are but a dozen small islands in the 
group, populated by about 500 persons, 
mostly negroes. Diego Garcia is 13 miles 
long by 6 wide, with an excellent lagoon 
for landings and take-offs. 

Over another stretch of ocean the Guba 
will wing its way 1192 miles to the Sey- 
chelles Group of Islands, a relatively im- 
portant archipelago with a combined total 
of 156 square miles and a population of 
some 30,000. The largest island of the 
group is Mahe, 17 miles long and 7 miles 
at its widest, with a good harbor. The 
Seychelles Islands were known first to the 
Portuguese and have been marked on the 
maps since 1502. They became British 
in 1814. 

From Seychelles to Mombasa (Kenya), 
the flight will be over an additional 1110 
miles of ocean. Here on the African east 
coast, the flight of the Australian repre- 
sentatives will end. 

From Mombasa the next hop will be 
across land to Kisumu on Lake Victoria in 
Mid-Africa, thence on overland to Lagos 
on the south coast and on across land to 
Dakar on the African west coast. 

From Dakar, the longest projected hop 
will begin. This will be flown on a line 
slightly north of due west, to St. Thomas 
in the West Indies. The normal trans- 
Atlantic crossings by plane are generally 
made from this point by flying to the 
eastern tip of South America which lies to 
the southwest. The arrival in St. Thomas, 
will, however, be more direct and bring 
the Guba within easy striking range of 
Miami, Florida, the next scheduled stop on 
the long jaunt. The hop from Miami, 
to San Diego is of course a familiar one 
to the crew and the Guba. 

For a year this famous Consolidated 
model 28 has been acting as the very back- 
bone for the American Museum of Natural 
History's expedition, by making possible 
transportation across impenetrable jungle, 
this contributing a remarkable aid for the 
furtherance of scientific research in the 
tropical island of New Guinea. Tons of 
supphes were transported to the inland 
bases for the use of the expedition's parties. 
Lifting heavy loads repeatedly, this Con- 
solidated model 28 made hundreds of 
trips inland, with many of them to the lake 
Habbema, whose surface is 11,500 feet 

above sealevel. Reaching this lake overland 
with such loads is impossible. The men 
of the expedition, which comprised well 
over 100 persons, were carried to the ad- 
vance bases, on the lakes and rivers by the 
Guba, saving untold time, not to mention 
avoiding practically impossible surface 
travel conditions and hardships. 

A whole colony of natives, previously 
unsuspected as to existence and following 
a peaceful existence completely shut off 
from the world by the impenetrable jungle, 
was discovered thru the Cuba's scouting 
flights. Incidentally, during its stay in 
New Guinea, the Guba and her crew 
played a dramatic part in the rescue of 
persons of a stricken vessel some 75 miles 
from HoUandia. 

From the schedule set for departure, the 
indications are that the Guba will be back 
in San Diego once more by July 15 th. 
This projected flight on around the world 
will be a fitting demonstration not only 
of the capabilities of the airplane, but of 
how small the world has been shrunken 
by the advent of aircraft of modern de- 
sign and construction. 


By Hep 

"Red" Chaplin's seventeen-months-old 
boy fell out of a two-story window the 
other day. Luckily he landed on a flower 
hedge and received only a black eye. "Red" 
says, "He's tough like his old man." 

Congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. Clar- 
ence Halsey on the arrival of a fine baby 
girl, Friday, April 7th. 

"Wildcat" or "Bring 'em back alive" 
Butzin trapped and brought home a real 
live, fullgrown wildcat a couple of week- 
ends ago. What a man! 

Thord Powers, of the Wing Department, 
has been jumping the quail season quite a 
bit lately at Alpine. At least he goes up 
there every week-end. 

Congratulations to Don Wheat of En- 
gineering from the boys in the Hull De- 
partment, on his recent marriage to Eleanor 
Mitchell of Oakland, Calif. 

"Bud" Shimmin has quite a severe tem- 
per. Especially on a golf course and espe- 
cially on the seventeenth hole. How about 
it. Bud? 


Complete Automotive Servicing 
ejv witli Precision Workmansliip 

1454 Union St. 

Franklin 2965 San Diego 


only, in rib-stitching on a plane you do 
it on purpose. (And incidentally a better 
job.) Ribstitching serves to keep the 
fabric in place, distributes the air loads, 
prevent chaffing and ballooning. In fact 
it makes the fabric stay put. Much re- 
enforcing is incorporated along with the 
rib-stitching. A stout tape runs between 
the rib stitches and the fabric, and then 
over this a pinked tape is doped in place 
to further increase its effectiveness in 
strength and also to make the outer sur- 
face smooth. Yes Mam, any of the cover- 
ing boys'II tell you that "pinked" tape 
doesn't refer to its color. In fact if you 
have any plain or fancy pinking to be 
done, they have an electric machine to 
do it with. 

But to get down to the real "he-man" 
fabrics . . . there are the waterproof ducks, 
canvas and imitation leather used. Motor 
covers, propeller covers, map holders, cur- 
tains (light proof ones, none of those 


WHILE many a good Consolidated 
employee trips off to work each 
morning, there is possibly delight in his 
heart in the knowledge that he is leaving 
the household work behind. (That is, of 
course, assuming in the first place that he 
thinks of it at all and secondly that he 
regards household tasks as work.) After 
all, isn't that what he's leaving the Mrs. 
behind for? Housework? Poof! That's a 
woman's work. Airplane work? Ah, now 
you're talking . . . that's a MAN's job. 

But if he's caught on a day off and has 
to do a bit of housework, vacuuming or 
the likes of such, while socking the little 
pill on the green is what he'd rather be 
doing . . . that takes on the semblance of 
work to be sure, but it's still in the cate- 
gory of woman's work. Yessir, that's just 
what it is . . . until you start to check up. 
Then you find out that virtually all the 
prime operations about the house come 
under the list of work to be handled in 
the building of airplanes. 

In the regular direct work contributing 
to the production of planes you will find 
many of the household operations: You'll 
find such items as sewing, ironing, vacu- 
uming, cleaning, washing windows, even 
washing delicate "prints," etc., and the 
list might easily include cooking, if the 

testing of the electrical hotplates were 
carried just one step farther. 

Sewing, for instance, is no small item 
and it's a highly important phase in build- 
ing an airplane. On the trailing edges and 
control surfaces of the PBYs are thousands 
of yards of fabric. It's a long staple cot- 
ton, unbleached, uniform and of excel- 
lent texture. In fact it makes quite nifty 
shirts, tablecloths and the like. Mostly it 
is used in 90-inch widths to save sewing. 
In the covering of the trailing edges there 
are miles of triple-stitched seams to be 
made. In the coverings for the movable 
control surfaces there is more of this ma- 
chine sewing and in addition, quite a bit 
of hand sewing, for all these are completely 
sewn in more or less like pillow ticking. 
To accomplish this the "baseball" stitch is 
used. It's a baseball stitch because this is 
a "he-man" occupation. Anywhere else, 
it'd be "feather stitching." 

There are probably many of our "seam- 
stresses" who don't know how to do hem- 
stitching, but on the other hand there are 
probably many more housewives who don't 
know the first thing about "rib-stitching", 
so there! And these two are not related. 
Ribstitching is just like sewing a dress on 
one of those adjustable dressmaking forms 
with a lattice-work of steel rigs and loops. 

flimsy- wimsey things) seat covers, bunks, 
etc., are_but a few of the range of fabric 
sewing items that are made for our air- 
planes. And zippers! Yes, indeed! there 
are some 96 of these employed on each 

In the gentle art of manipulating a 
sewing needle there are some tricks which 
perhaps even the feminine seamstresses 
aren't quite up with: Making a 12-inch 
needle come out on the other side where 
you can't see it and exactly where you 
want it to come out, is one, and making 
speed with a curved needle is another. If 
there's a housewife who hasn't ever tried 
to handle a curved needle (one of those 
double-pointed affairs with a tendency to 
turn at the wrong moment and always 
leave a point in the way of the hand) 
she ought to try her hand at it for darning 
SOX sometime! 

The ironing is done on a small mangle, 
which is a rotary ironer that is somewhat 
larger than those being sold the house- 
wives these days. Tliis mangle is used for a 
number of purposes, but originally the 
idea was to iron out the wrinkles in 
patches. Patches, unlike patches at home, 
aren't sewn into place. They're doped into 
place, mostly as re-enforcements about 
holes in the fabric. To keep the edges from 

Moy, 1939 

fraying out, the patch is first given a 
coat of dope and then cut to shape. It be- 
comes somewhat stiff in the process of 
doping and is apt to get wrinkled during 
the subsequent handhng. The iron takes 
the wrinkles out. 

Vacuuming is another highly important 
job in building all-metal boats. During 
the building operations, thousands of holes 
must be drilled and numerous other oper- 
ations make for the accumulation of much 
loose filings, drilling, dropped rivets, nuts, 
washers, etc., in hard to reach portions 
of the complex structure. To get them out 
and to be sure of getting them all, vacuum 
cleaners with plenty of "pull" are em- 
ployed. Little bits of material left in the 
fuel tanks, for instance, might cause con- 
siderable trouble later in flying, so the vacu- 
um cleaners go after every bit of it. It is 
also necessary to completely remove these 
chips, etc., so that the protective coats 
of paint will effectually accomplish their 

ations prior to the anodic process. Then 
the Kelite is washed off in clean boiling 
water and followed with a drying. To 
remove oil from steel parts, another 
solution is used. Simply dipping it 
in the agitated solution and allowing 
the part to dry removes all oil. To cleanse 
down to bare steel, sandblasting is em- 
ployed. Sandblasting removes all stubborn 
scale from heat-treating and prepares the 
surfaces for plating. It's not especially 
recommended for cleansing dishes in the 
home. It is, in fact, rather tough on them, 
although you may have some glassware 
that has been sandblasted. (To etch a 
design on the surface.) 

When the scale and surface dirt has 
been cleaned off of the steel parts by 
sandblasting, the steel parts have a soft 
grey color. It is in this condition that they 
are in excellent form for the Magnaflux 
testing method, because the black iron 
dust employed shows up clearly against 

with these little cotton dresses the ladies 
wear about the house . . . not at all. The 
washing of prints takes place in both 
the photographic laboratory and in the 
blueprint department. It's almost always 
"blue" Monday in the blueprint depart- 
ment and it lasts all week long. The wash- 
ing of prints in the photo-lab is a more 
spasmodic affair, but like a woman's work 
it is never done. 

In all probability the list of operations in 
the building of Consolidated planes which 
parallel household operations with a 
marked similarity could be enumerated and 
extended still farther. But to do so might 
place some of our fellow-workers in a 
rather tight spot: Just imagine what a 
small chance Mr. Hubby has when he 
comes home at night and finds that Mrs. 
Hubby has laid out some nice seamstressing 
for him to do while she and the baby trot 
off to a movie. 

Says he, "But, Honeylamb, I know 


mission. The method of vacuuming is both 
fast and thorough. 

And here come the soapsuds. These are 
employed when the large integrally built 
gasoline tanks in the wing center sections 
are tested. All openings and vents are 
plugged and a pressure of three pounds of 
air introduced into the tanks. Then the 
soap and water solution is carefully 
brushed over every inch of the outside 
of the wing adjacent to the tanks. If a 
large leak is present it bubbles profusely. 
If it's a small one the bubbling makes a 
white spot of minute bubbles and is a 
tell-tale sign that that particular part 
of the tank needs attention. The proper 
method is applied to the ailing spot and 
the soapsuds test again applied. It isn't 
long before there's not a bubble in sight 
and the tank is perfectly gas-tight. This 
might be called "cleaning up a tank" since 
the soapsuds so effectively allow the leaks 
to be cleaned out of the tanks. 

But cleaning goes on in several ways 
besides this. To insure that the anodic 
process will effectively cover every inch 
of the surface of the metal to be treated, it 
must be thoroughly cleansed before immer- 
sion in the acid. For this cleansing, Kelite 
is used. It attacks the oils and surface dirt 
accumulated during the handling oper- 

the grey surface to mark any hidden flaw. 
The sandblasted surface also has an ex- 
cellent "tooth" for painting and for the 
more recent process of metal spraying. 
Washing "prints" has nothing to do 

nothing at all about sewing!" 

"Don't tell me that!" is her fast re- 
joinder. "Why right here in the Consoli- 
dator it says . . . etc., etc." (Perhaps too 
many cats are out of the bag, already!) 



OVER the last 5 years some new ma- 
terials have played increasingly im- 
portant roles in aircraft construction and 
design. These materials are distinguished 
as worthy of note because they are syn- 
thetics; that is, compounds not occurring 
in nature, such as iron, copper, rubber 

times used, just as in the production of 
rubber compounds, so that these figures 
must not be taken as valid for all varieties 
of the synthetics. All do not exhibit the 
same degree of resistance to the action of 
acids, alkalies, and petroleum products or 
ultra-violet light. Specific compounds for 

properties, from those of rubber. 
Synthetic Plastics 
Plastics in many forms surround us in 
everyday life. We push plastic buttons to 
warn a pedestrian we are in his way, and 
to ring our neighbor's door-bell. Plastics 
form instrument and vanity cases, ash- 


latex. They fall into 5 classifications as specific ranges of application are provided trays and soap-dishes, pencils and toilet 
follows: substitutes for rubber, synthetic by the manufacturers. Koroseal, for in- articles, and when one is so unfortunate as 
plastics, tool materials produced from stance, is thermoplastic according to its to spill his drink, he finds often that the 
metal powders, glass fabrics, and magnetic manufacturer's literature, and therefore table top is a plastic that is impervious to 
alloys. Brief glances at some of the char- is limited to use below temperatures of alcohol, and to fruit juices. But in air- 
acteristics of these substances may be of 150° F. Thiokol compounds are pro- craft there are windows, windshields, en- 
interest. We use some of them: others have duced in the form of molding powder, closures of various sorts, molded handles, 
as yet only a potential value for our pro- which has found extensive application in insulation and mechanical parts of elec- 
duct. the printing industry. So far as the writer trical apparatus: synthetic plastics all. 
Substitutes For Rubber knows, the other substances, Neoprene some old and some just out. 
Beside aluminum and magnesium alloys, and Koroseal, are as yet unsuited to this There is now a number of families of 
the synthetic rubber-like materials are purpose. Great improvements in properties these materials, divided into 2 general 
perhaps of most significant use in aircraft have been made in these materials since groups: thermo-setting and thermoplastic, 
construction. These rather prosaic-looking their commercial introductions. Many The thermo-setting plastics are those in 
elastic sheets enable us to build fuel and readers will remember, for instance, the which chemical reactions occur under con- 
oil tanks which are integral parts of the odor of Thiokol which Consolidated used trolled conditions of heat and pressure, 
aircraft structure, thus promoting a very some years ago. The odor is a thing of the that make the finished product resistant 
appreciable reduction in weight. More- past, thanks to the chemists! to heat thereafter. The thermoplastics are 

over, their behavior upon exposure to oil 

J ,• , • , , „ • TABLE I. Representative Properties of Rubber Substitutes 

and gasolmes at varymg temperatures is 

h- .. - 1 1 _ r „ J Rubber Neobreiie Thiokol Koroseal 

as to mamtam leak-prooi seams and ... . , , t^ ■. /lu /■ •}^ n^-, n^r «,« a^, a^„ „c„ 

'^ Unit weight, or Density (lbs. /in'') .062-. 06! .0S0-.06! .060 .050 

joints over a service life which is equal to Tensile strength (Ibs./in-) approx 3S00 4000 1200 7500 

the life of the aircraft. Elongation (%) maximums 700 ____ 750 4J0 

-n , , r u LU 1- • Heat conductivity (BTU/hr./ft.-/in.°F.) 1.13 1.45 

The best known of the rubber substi- e|,^„,^^, Resistivity (ohms/cm-i) 10l« 1.5x10'^ ____ 

tutes are Neoprene (of which about 100 Electrical breakdown value(volts per O.OOl" thickness) 1200 860 ISO 

lbs. per PBY are used by CAC), Thiokol Top operating temperature (°F,) approx 19! 17S» 180t 150 

and Koroseal. These are trade names and »Life at 200° F. approx. 40 days, at 250° F. approx. 8-9 days. 

may not indicate the chemical nature of Expands about 10% in 92 octane fuel. 

the substances they represent. In many in- Expands about is-207o at 212° F. in lubricating oil. 

, ^ . , . , tSnrinks about 3-6% at 212^ F. in lubricating oil, for some compounds. 

Stances the first costs of these materials 

are higher than the cost of rubber, but Neoprene, Thiokol and Koroseal, are those which soften and in some cases flow, 

their uses have multiphed with great ra- products of what chemists call "poly- upon application of heat to the finished 

pidity in applications where their sub- merization" processes. That is to say, the product. Urea compounds like Plaskon and 

stitution for rubber compounds has re- weight per molecule is increased and the Beetle exemplify the first group, of which 

suited in better and longer-lived products. arrangement of atoms in the molecule Bakelite (a substance made from phenol 

Typical applications: gaskets, seals, tub- changes, under suitable conditions of heat and formaldehyde) is perhaps the earliest 
ing for carrying industrial chemicals, fuels and pressure, without any change occur- commercial product. Celluloid, Plexiglas, 
and oils; gasoline-pump hose, vibration- ring in the chemical composition of the and Lucite, are representative of the sec- 
absorbing blocks (aircraft instrument substance. For example consider Neoprene. ond group. Table II lists average properties 
panels, for example), pump diaphragms, Its basic compound is called chloroprene, of some of these. 

tubing for transmission of gases, printing made up of a certain combination of The "phenolic materials" so familiar to 

ink rollers and printing plates, electrical hydrogen, carbon and chlorine. Under those who work from Consoldrawings is 

cable insulations, liquid-proof clothing, closely controlled conditions of heat and no more than our old friend bakelite, 

power transmission belting, leather ce- pressure, the atoms of these substances which also goes under a number of aliases, 

ments, varnishes, protective films in plat- rearrange themselves to form neoprene, some of which are Textolite, Micarta, 

ing baths. which is a new substance having different Formica, Durez, S)'nthane. These are all 

Representative values for some prop- properties than has chloroprene, even laminated or molded of various fillers im- 

erties of these compounds are given in though there is the same amount of each pregnated with bakelite resins. They meet 

Table I, in which rubber properties are basic element as before. (See Figs. 1 and 2.) us in pulleys, terminal boards, bushings, 

included for comparison. The tensile It should be mentioned that the synthetics spacers, and fairleads. Lately there has been 

strengths and elongations may be varied discussed are not "synthetic rubbers;" used another bakelite-laminated material 

over comparatively wide ranges by chang- their chemical constitutions are dissimilar, called "Insuroc," which is the practical 

ing the filler chemicals and the curing as are their mechanical and electrical equivalent of micarta with graphite in it. 

May, 1939 

Thus an oilless bearing is formed! Our air- are also unbreakable in ordinary services, vibration is suppressed or stopped and 

planes are beginning to find uses for them, and some can be readily formed by heat- only the remaining direction of vibration 

in rudder and elevator bearings, in spots ing in boiling water, two outstanding continues, the wave or beam of light is 

where sea water will be plentiful and in- points of superiority over glass. In the light said to be polarized. Polaroid has the prop- 

spection access poor. Generally insuroc of some experimental work now going on, erty of suppressing one or other of the 

may be applied to any shaft application it is entirely conceivable that fuselages directions of vibration of light which 

where low speeds and moderately heavy and flying surfaces may be expected to passes through it. This leads us directly to 

an interesting application of transparent 

AT Q By HARRY A. CAMPBELL ^'f'" \^'^^ "^r 'r f '^T'"^'^^ 

I a |[/^ -i value m the study or mechanical stresses 

E"g'neering Department. ;„ structural members of machmes. (See 

pressures are found. Moreover, it may be appear, made of molded plastics, or per- S^- -' ■*"" ^v 

lubricated in some instances with water! haps from plywoods impregnated with -'^"'^ application is known under the 

Plexiglas, plastacele and similar resins, plastic resins. '^^el of "photoelasticity." It consists of 
are of importance for aircraft windows and Outside of the aircraft industry and the placing a transparent plastic model of the 
pilots' enclosures as well as for covers on uses mentioned above the transparent structure being studied into the path or 
running and landing Hghts. They have plastics (nearly all can be made so) are » ^eam of polarized light, and viewing 
excellent resistance to the effects of receiving attention from manufacturers of '•"^ model through another polarizing 
weather (ultra-violet rays in sunhght), optical goods. At present the methacrylates rnaterial. when load is applied to the 
good light transmission, show little hazi- (Plexiglas) and polystyrenes (Victron) model, a pattern of alternate dark and light 
ness when aged, and appear to be more have been mentioned as possible materials bands is observed. Ihe directions and 
highly resistant to scratching than some from which cast and molded lenses might ^"^^^s of the lines in the pattern indicate 
other common plastics. Plexiglas, very be produced at a considerable reduction ^^''^^ accurately the distribution and mag- 
popular in the aircraft field, is for some under glass in cost. These compounds have "■'^"'^^ °^ "^he stress caused by the applied 
applications surpassed by plastacele, which good optical properties and may very well °^"' txpenments of this nature are known 
latter has higher bursting strength in some come into common use for optical pur- *^ photoelastic stress analysis. Some idea of 
grades than has plexiglas. poses after their properties and limitations '" ^^^^^^ ^^"^ tie got by obtaining a pair 

The polystyrene family (example: Vic- are better understood. Some optical °^ polaroid sun glasses and dismounting 

tron) is of increasing importance in radio, glasses, despite their high transmissions "-"^ lenses. By lining up the arrangement 

sound motion-picture, and telephone and refractive indices, are not sufficiently diagrammed in Fig. 5, a stress pattern can 

equipment because of its excellence as an proof against the effects of climatic ^^ produced in the cellophane sheet by 

insulator in electrical devices operating changes and ultra-violet light to have slowly rotating the lens which is next to 

at high frequencies of voltage and current. very long service lives. ^"^ ^Y^- 

It is consequently of interest in aircraft A discussion of the optical application Powdered Metal Tools and Bearings 
radio work for its hght weight, and of plastics should make at least mention In telephone transmission practice is 
comparatively low cost in large quantities, of the recently commercialized sheet ma- employed a material called "permalloy" 
Many radio parts, as insulators for antenna terial known as "Polaroid," so named be- which is powdered and then compressed 
leads and coil forms, are cast from this cause it has the property of polarizing light to form the cores for certain kinds of 
material. It has high transparency to light which passes through it. To understand coils. This particular alloy has been known 
as well, which makes it useful for the the meaning of the term "polarization," for some time and is highly magnetic, 
preservation of biological specimens (they let the reader imagine himself to be of Meanwhile, the technique of compressing 
are cast into the plastic) and for the pro- atomic dimensions. This would be on the and impregnating metallic powders has 
tection of prepared surfaces which are re- order of about 0.000000002 5 inch! He been advanced to the point where high- 
quired to be free of oxidation effects for might then expect to see the cross-section production cutting tools, oilless metal 
microscopic examinations. of a light-wave approaching him, and bearings, electrical contacts, and special 

Most of these plastic materials are also would observe that wave vibrating in two magnetic alloys can be economically pro- 
products of polymerization. In many cases directions at right angles to each other, duced by powder methods, 
they may cost more than glass, but they simultaneously. When one direction of In high-production metal-cutting ma- 

Representative Properties of Synthetic Plastics 

Group thermosetting therinot>lmtic 

phenol — for- urea — for- mctha cellulose poly- 

CJxmical family maUlehyde nuilJehyJe cryUife acetate styrene 

Density (Ibs./in.S) .050 .0S4 .043 .046 .038 

Tens, strength (lb./in.2) 7000-12S00 4000-6000 4000-6000 4000-9100 SOOO-HOO 

Compressive strength (Ibs./in.-) 32000-38000 24000-30000 lOOOO-lSOOO 11000-27000 13000 

(10 kg. load) 

Brinell hardness number (SOO kg. load) 38-40 48-54 18-20 8.6-12.2 20-30 

Heat conductivity (CGS/°C.) 0.00019 0.00071 0.00043-.00068 0.00045-. 00076 0.00019 

Electricity Resistivity (ohms/cm^) lO^^ 2.4 x lO^-'' IQl''' 5,2 xlO'- lO^ 

Dielectric strength (volts/mil) 450-900 300-400 480 350-400 500-700 

Maximum working temperature, °F. 350 160 140 140 176 

Transmission factor, white light 0.94 0.87 0.87 

Refractive index (N d) 1.50-1.70'' 1.54-1.6 1.50-1.52 1.47-1.50 1.60-1.67 

Trade names Bakelite Beetle Plexiglas Lumarith Victron 

Micarta Formica Plaskon Crystalite Plastacele 

'■'For cast Textolite Dilecto Lucite Tenite 
resins Synthane Durez 



chinery, tools are required to retain their 
strength and hardness at high tempera- 
tures. Ordinary tool steels break down 
under such service. The carbides of tung- 
sten, molybdenum, and tantalum, three 
metals obtained from natural ores by 
chemical refining, have been proven valu- 
able for this purpose. Tungsten carbide 
has been so used for an appreciable period 
of time. Due to processing and metallurgi- 
cal difficulties, the other two materials 
have not been as prominent but are slowly 
coming into similar use. Carboloy, a well 
known development of tungsten carbide, 
may serve for an example of the physical 
properties of such materials. This is the 
carbide impregnated with melted cobalt 

under pressure, the resulting substance 
having a Brinell hardness of 2000. and 
modulus of rupture in bending of 275,000 
lb. per sq. in. approx. This means that be- 
side being very hard, the material will 
stand great bending stresses such as are 
present in the tips of tools used in lathes 
and screw machines at high speeds and 
temperatures. The cemented carbides and 
carboloy are relatively expensive, and are 
accordingly used in small pieces which are 
brazed onto the tool bits or into holders. 
With them tough magnanese steel can be 
machined fairly easily. 

A porous bearing which will hold oil in 
its voids will have little chance of run- 
ning dry, as the oil will be drawn by the 

"Hill Na One J'AVF 

Me Fro m Tm/s Hoseoe? ^ 







Fig. 3d.' 

sec.^-A Fig. 3 b 




riG.4.a ^ 



H mil 

See's. B-B 
FiG.4.b Fig. 4c 



'F'oLfii?oip Ce/vses 

Fig. 5 






















30 40 SO a Iti 80 30 ISO 

3s M 50 eo 70 ee so w 
% Nickel 

riG. 6 

action known as capillarity to the running 
surface, as used, under ordinary service. 
Such a bearing could be used in splash or 
pressure lubricating systems, so that ex- 
haustion of the external oil supply would 
not then cause immediate failure of the 
bearing from overheating. Copper into 
which is impregnated tin and graphite is 
finding use for this purpose. Such bearings 
have been studied and made in the Moraine 
Products Division of General Motors Cor- 
poration and show promise of value for 
automobile and other applications, where 
moderate pressures are involved. For 
heavy-pressure bearings, iron-copper mix- 
tures similarly made are under develop- 
ment. These materials can be pressure 
molded and so offer economies in manu- 
facture with consequent reduction in 

Hard materials which retain high elec- 
trical conductivity and which yet are re- 
sistant to the heat of arcs and sparks and 
are non-oxidizing, are frequently required. 
One such application is found in the PBY 
float-control switch, where Elkonite G17A 
is brazed onto copper blocks to form con- 
tact facings. G17A is composed of about 
^I'/f molybdenum, 46. y, silver, balance 
carbon or hydrogen. Molybdenum melts 
at 2620' C. and is consequently little af- 
fected by sparking. Silver melts at 960' C. 

Fig. 1. Here is a little molecule, Willy Chloroprene, 
who got mixed up with a big bad chemist. The 
chemist told him that Willy could become a 
really useful little molecule if an operation were 
to be permitted. Willy gave his consent, but as 
you can see here, dire events are happening and 
Willy doesn't like it. 

Fig. 2. Under direction of the chemist, who turned 
out to be a pretty good guy after all, Willy has 
been given a bay window and weighs appreciably 
more than he used to. Also, now he can join a 
lot of other little molecules just like him. He still 
has the same amounts and kinds of materials in 
him, however different he mav look here. The 
chemist calls Willy a "polymerized" molecule. 

Figs. 3, 4, 5. A side view representative of the light 
wave appears in 3 (a), the line through the 
curve representing the transverse plane of vibra- 
tion. 3 (b) is the cross-section, taken at A-A or 
elsewhere across the wave. The entire cross- 
section may be at any position around x-x, as 
the vibrations are not necessarily horizontal or 
vertical with respect to our position. The 90^ 
angle, however, remains for any orientation of 
the wave. 4{b) shows the effect of polarization 
upon the waves indicated in 4(a). If the polaroid 
screen is turned in its owi 
of polarization is shifted 
Fig. 5, if strain is put on 
ference patterns will appea 
experimentation may be : 
polaroid lenses in their 
respect to each other, to get this effect to ap- 
pear. The lenses should not be exposed to greater 
than normal atmospheric temperatures. 

Fig. 6. These curves indicate the ranges of mag- 
netic sensitivity of the iron-chromium-nickel- 
silicon alloys discussed. Each curve represents the 
properties of one group of alloy, each group dif- 
fering in percentage of nickel and chromium 

plane 90°, the pla 
s shown by 4 (c). In 
the cellophane, inter- 
to the observer. Some 
, by turning the 
planes, and with 

May, 1939 


and has the highest known electrical con- 
ductivity at ordinary temperatures. While 
silver oxidizes, the oxide is unstable and 
breaks down, so that the resistance across 
a silver contact will remain about constant 
even under corrosive conditions of at- 
mosphere. The combination is very hard 
and such contacts will not weld together 
under any ordinary service. For the same 
reasons, mixtures of tungsten and copper 
are used for electrodes in spot-welding 
machines. Table III lists some properties of 
these materials. 

In general Elkonite is made by compress- 
ing the powdered metal (tungsten, moly- 
bdenum) into bars and passing them 
through a hydrogen-atmosphere furnace 
at temperatures appreciably below melting, 
where the powder particles fuse together or 
frit, into a spongy mass which is filled 
with pores. This sponge metal is then put 
into a carbon crucible with molten silver 
or copper (melting point: 1083" C. ) and 
left (also in hydrogen furnace) until the 
softer metal is absorbed into the spongy 
base. The resulting compound may be 
hot-worked to size and finished by grind- 
ing, or milling or rolling. The process for 
the tool alloys and porous bearings is in 
general similar to that just described. 
Glass Fabrics: Fiberglas 

Temperatures at which insulating ma- 
terials may operate are limiting factors in 
the design of electrical devices. Economies 
in weight and cost could result from the 
use of insulating materials possessing long 
service life under high-temperature con- 

Fiberglas, or fabric made from fibers of 
glass, has been introduced commercially 
to fill this need. This material is made 
from glass fibers as small as 0.00016 inch 
diameter, which are drawn in a plastic 
state through fine holes in a platinum 
bushing and wound onto high-speed 
spindles. The speed of drawing controls 
the fiber diameter. Thread is spun from 
these fibers and the thread is woven into 
tapes, sheets, mats, or sleeving, on con- 
ventional textile machinery. The com- 
position of the glass is one especially de- 
veloped for the purpose, as ordinary glasses 
were found not adaptable to standard ma- 

The resulting fabrics can be treated with 
insulating varnishes if necessary, to im- 
prove electrical and mechanical properties. 
Glass tapes improve in strength char- 
acteristics up to temperatures of (400° F.) 
(204° C.) at which points both cotton 
and asbestos tapes deteriorate. Compara- 
tive properties are shown by Table IV. 

Application of glass insulating fabrics 
to electrical machines may result in some 

Data for Elkonite Materials 







Rockuvll "E 


Tungsten carbide 


Molybdenum 60-80 


Molybdenum SS-7S 


Tungsten 90-100 


Tungsten !S-7! 


Tungsten 8S-93 


Tensile Strengths (lbs.) for 1" x 0.010" Tapes. 

uftvr hc'iifhig to: 
78 300 SOO 
tape (continuous fiber)"' 












'""""continuous" fiberglas is made from endless fil; 
tape, as in silk and rayon textiles. 

cases, in weight reduction of as much as 
30^ f. Glass fabrics are also valuable for 
floor mats in such places as hotels and 
hotels and theaters, where burning ciga- 
rettes or matches are likely to be dropped, 
since the fabrics are non-inflammable. 
They should find many decorative applica- 
tions as well. 

Magnetic Alloys 

Large numbers of applications of elec- 
trical devices, such as relays and torque 
motors, to the control of heat have made 
apparent the need of a magnetic material 
which will respond to changes in temper- 
ature by changes in degree of magnetic 
qualities ("Permeability"). Metallurgists 
of the Battelle Memorial Institute have 
announced the production of a series of 
iron-chromium-nickel-silicon alloys hav- 
ing such properties. These materials do 
not appear to have immediate application 
to aircraft, but it is probable that in 
future they may find uses in aircraft 
equipment involved with heat control. 
Fig. 6 indicates approximate character- 
istics. In these curves the "Curie Point" 
is that temperature at which the material 
becomes practically non-magnetic, and the 
units "Gauss" and "Oersted" are units in- 
dicating the degree of magnetization and 
magnetizing forces, respectively. 

Thanks are due Mr. W. A. Schurr of 
the Engineering Department for sugges- 
tions and for calling attention to some of 
the information included in this discus- 
sion. Acknowledgment is also made to the 
publications of the E. I. Dupont de Ne- 
mours Co., The Thiokol Corp., B. F. Good- 
rich Rubber Co., Owens-Corning Glass 
Co., International Nickel Co., Boonton 
Molding Co., Polaroid Corp., P. R. Mallory 

ents of glass, unbroken fr 

6 burned out 

nd to end of the 

Co., and the magazines Mechanical En- 
gineering and Electrical Engineering, and 
to the International Critical Tables, as 
sources of material and for verification of 
physical properties. 


By E. J. Hodgson 

ALL the fish in the Pacific had better 
. look out since Bobbie Brabban can go 
out without becoming seasick! 

Mrs. Jack Baker, who is spending a long 
vacation back east, had better come home 
soon, before Jack pines away altogether. 

It's good to see our genial little Danish 
friend, Harold Hansen back again, as well 
as the other boys who have done consider- 
able fishing. 

Carl (Major Hoople) Brown, went all 
the way to the World's fair at San Fran- 
cisco to see Sally Rand. He was terribly 
disappointed however. His wife said, "No!" 

Art Wiffenbach, that noisy (not nosey) 
inspector is on the job once more. Watch 
your sixty-fourths boys, or that man will 
be after you again! 

According to the papers, Johnny and 
Mrs. Woodhead played the trumpet for the 
Easter Sunrise Service up at Suncrest. 
That's good work in any language, so keep 
it up, both of you. 


Ail Branches ofBeautyCulture 

Open Friday Eveninss 


Proprietor 812 W. Washington • J.9576 



Junior Game Patrol 

THE Junior Game Patrol was first or- 
ganized in 1936 by the Division of 
Fish and Game from a plan originated by 
Mr. A. T. Jergins, Fish and Game Com- 
missioner of California. The plan is to 
educate the younger generation along the 
conservation lines, teaching them to ap- 
preciate and protect wildlife. The Junior 
Game Patrol, under the direct supervision 
of the Division is made up of troops of 
boys from 15 to 21 years of age. Their 
membership is solicited throughout the 
schools and the troops are sponsored by 
sportsmen's clubs, civic organizations, 
or individuals. 

In organizing a troop, a group of boys 
is called together by the Division of Fish 
and Game and the purpose of the Junior 
Game Patrol is explained to them. The 
boys are given literature on fish and game 
laws and on natural history subjects, and 
are provided with applications for mem- 
bership. Weekly meetings are held there- 
after. After four weeks of instructions on 
fish and game laws and the reasons for 
them, a preliminary examination is given. 

The successful boys take the oath of 
office and are given badges and credentials 
signed by the three California Fish and 
Game Commissioners and the Division's 
Executive Officer. Thus, they become 
Rangers of the Junior Game Patrol. Then 
they are ready to commence with the 
course of instructions. 

Field trips are an important feature, as it 
is only through actual contact with nature 
that the desired results can be obtained. 

The sole purpose of the organization is 
to teach conservation, create better 
sportsmanship and more respect for fish 
and game laws. 

Anyone of Cotnolidated interested in 
furthering this work thru giving of their 
time for instructing, or anyone having 
young boys of the age that would be in- 
terested and eligible, should get in touch 
with E. F. (Al) Butzin, No. 5017, Hull 

Phone Jackson 201 1 Chick Runyon 
"The Blind Man" 



University Window Shade Co. 

102,3 University Avenue 

Spotting the above humorous sketch of a transit man at work, Bert Bowling wanted to know which 
one of our men was the inspiration for the well known artist Frank Owen. The original appeared in an 
advertisement for electrical equipment, but the resemblance to all the men mentioned on tai<s is remarkable. 


By Browne 

Army "Bartender" Armstrong was in 
beer up to his waist at the Good Time 
Club's smoker. 

McGee is going to be married . . . more 

We wonder when and where Dan Jones 
acquired those oversize shoes? 

Vic Atkinson reported a very pleasant 
trip enroute to Buffalo. Vic sent "Mac" 
McGuiness a radio-gram stating that in 
Buffalo, Missouri Budweiser is .05c a gold 
fish bowl full (without the goldfish). 

Tommy Guarnotta's parents are leaving 
Buffalo for a stay in San Diego. Adios 

We understand Mrs. Dot Heidemann 
thinks Frank arrived home before 12:00 
on the night of the smoker. What a man! 

We haven't heard of Gil Lance's goats 
of late. Why, Gil? 

Elmer Gahlbeck has broken his New 
Year's resolution. We see his wife is cut- 
ting his hair again. 

Red Johnson and Stan May received 
traffic tickets and spent six weeks in 
traffic school. Slow down Red. As for Stan 
you had better walk to work. 

Oh! Leo; Did you ever hear about the 
ship without a sail, or the horse without 
a rider? Same difference. 

[onsouonTED philosophv 

THE best things are nearest — breath in 
your nostrils, light in your eyes, flow- 
ers at your feet, duties at your hand, the 
path of God just before you. Then do not 
grasp at the stars, but do life's plain com- 
mon work as it comes, certain that daily 
duties and daily bread are the sweetest 
things of life. 

We make friends by being a friend. 

An acre of performance is worth a whole 
world of promises. 

Accurate knoivledgc is the basis of cor- 
rect opinion; the want of it makes the 
opinions of many people of little value. 

A man should never be ashamed to own 
he has been in the wrong, which is but 
saying in other words that he is wiser to- 
day than he was yesterday. 

Uprooting a bad habit isn't effective 
unless you stick a good one in the hole. 

When wealth is lost, nothing is lost; 
when health is lost, much is lost; when 
character is lost, all is lost. 

Every day is a little life, and our whole 
life is but a day repeated. Therefore live 
every day as if it would be the last. Those 
that dare lose a day, arc dangerously prodi- 
gal; those that dare misspend it arc des- 

We judge ourselves by what we feel 
capable of doing, whilst others judge us by 
what we have already done. 

May, 1939 


Tool Raom Tattles 

By Terry 

THE best April fool doing was the sur- 
prise marriage of Charlie Tailer, Tool 
Room foreman. He fooled nearly everyone 
and went "a wifin'." The bride was Mrs. 
"Pat" Klumb, and they had the knot tied 
on April first. This is all the information 
given other than the swell cigars. 

At the Sunrise Services for Easter: 
Grayce and Genevive Holm with Miss 
Kipple enjoying the morning air. Joe Ma- 
loney and the missus trying to get a little 
of that wind after coming down the moun- 
tain. Russ Kern, the head goat was there, 
trying to get an action picture of the mob 
going home for breakfast. Lou and Mrs. 
Sandel were there bright but Lou said it 
was a little early for him to take such a 
big work-out. 

Johnny Lockwood tried the water at 
Del Mar and reports the water grand, 
after you chew your lips going in. Along 
the water was Carl Wright who says, 
"They ain't a fish in that bay yet!" But 
John Robinson proved it by catching a 
croaker and a bass. 

Bob Abels was trying to talk a salesman 
at Lion's out of a nice new sport coat like 
"Mac" McGuiness bought. And there was 
also that pleading, limpid stare in Kenny 
Sullivan's eyes as he was trying to talk 
that great big policeman out of a ticket. 
He was good too, 'cause he got out of it. 

Of course the big college dance drew 
its share of our gang too, and in stiff shirts 
and stuff were Kerm Seely, Monroe Jones 
and Dick Hathaway. 

Will someone please explain gently to 
Chuck (Three short beers) Hibert that 
the La Jolla telephone number he was try- 
ing to get was just a trifle off? It was the 
La Jolla Police Dept. and the Desk Ser- 
geant's wife is named Ruth. 

The pride and joy of Bird Rock has sug- 
gested to put a delivery tag on himself 
after the second beer, 'cause he is only a 
three-schooner man! 

And Jimmy Meyers is dodging all school 
teachers, so there! How Bill Weaver did 
yell when he was smelling those nice sweet- 
peas when someone hollered "Ferdinand!" 
. . . And in this corner we have "Red" 
(Cupid) Robbins for the head delivery boy 
in the May Basket Parade, and now??? 

(Ed. Note: We see by the State College 
paper that the engagement of Miss Marion 
Bickham to Evan C. Terry was announced 
. . . Terry being our columnist. Miss Bick- 
ham is a member of Alpha Sigma Chi 
sorority, Terry our hustling tool room 
clerk. The date of their marriage is set 
tentatively for Nov. 29th.) 

Rod and Reel Club 

SEVEN Consolidated youths opened the 
nineteen thirty-nine fishing season with 
a "Grand Slam" Saturday, April 8th. Very 
early in the morning fisherman Coykendall, 
Thompson, Lang, Mussen, Giovanoli, Am- 
brose and "novice" Kern boarded the 
"Crate" Aztec 11, picked up a few "minia- 
ture Sardines" and headed due south to 
Mexican waters. The boys spent a most 
delightful morning cruising thru a tran- 
quil sea 'round 'n about the Coronado is- 
lands. At noon the skipper pulled along 
the west side of the north island, cast 
anchor, and some unexpected fun began. 
Ubiquitous yellowtail . . . and how. Every- 
one seemed to have a fish on their line at 
once and what a fight they gave the boys. 
Everyone aboard caught one or more and 
here's the yellowtail score for the trip: 
Roy Coykendall 8, Edwin Lang 5, Bob 
Mussen 5, Jack Thompson 4, Al Ambrose 
2, Russ Kern 2, Joe Giovanoli 1. 

April 12th the Rod and Reel club held 
their annual election of officers at the 
Chamber of Commerce. The following 
were appointed to serve during the com- 
ing year: Pres. Charles Hibert. First Vice- 
Pres. Roy Coykendall, Second Vice-Pres. 
George Landy, Third Vice-Pres. Walter 
Beyer. Recording Secretary Glenn Hotch- 
kiss, Financial Secretary John Hopman, 
Sergeant-at-Arms L. A. Perry. 

Fifty-three members have already signed 
up for the 1939-40 season. Anyone inter- 
ested in joining this fine Consolidated or- 
ganization can do so by contacting any of 
the above mentioned officers. 

And here's a true "Short fish story" . . . 

Al Nelson and Erv Watts take to an 
"over ripe" row boat in pursuit of big 
bass. The boat springs many leaks, starts 
to sink. The fishing is very good. Little 
attention is paid to the oncoming water. 
The boat sinks . . . every man for him- 
self. Al heads toward shore. Something 
grabs him by the leg. It's his fish line and 
he saves his pole. Erv heads for shore and 
is advised by spectator Garner Green not 
to leave a certain bottle. He swims back, 
retrieves the bottle, but not his pole and 
makes the shore. All fish are lost. Erv 
made a trip back the following day and 
managed to retrieve his pole, but Al's 
tackle box still resides on the lake bottom. 
Moral: Soak your boat and you won't get 

Ezard: "Why do we have to flush 
rivet those wings?" 

Wainwright: "To keep the heads from 
blowing off at top speed." 

Ulhy Does? 

By Eddie Raymond 

Why does Ernie Johnson wait so long to 

make the first payment on his golf 

Why does Jack Thompson like moose 

Why does Bob Morse wear colored glasses 

on foggy days? 
Why does Craig Clark want to work on a 

power brake? 
Why does Walter Borg refuse a nice big 

glass of beer, or is he really the head 

man at home? 
Why does Frank Morse brag about his oil 

consumption when getting eight miles 

to a quart? 
Why does Russ Kern leave his girl friend 

walking the streets in a strange city 

while he goes mountain climbing? 
Why does Al Ballard want to use a soft- 
ball and a bushel basket for the hole 

when playing golf? 
Why does Red Kimball think he is Rudy 
Vallee, Junior and Senior combined, when 

he yodels? 
Why does Jack Mulroy shake his head 

"No" before you have a chance to finish 

your question? 
Why does John Penfield say, "Leave it to 

Why does Herb Ezard take a promenade 

on El Cajon each evening? 

L. G. Mitchell is now one of the strong- 
est boosters for the group insurance . . . 
He recently spent 13 weeks sick in bed, 
and the benefits of his policy during this 
time came in very handy, he avers. 

Hnsiuers To Questions 

1. Paralketone. 

2. 160° F. 

3. Angle of attack. 

4. 62,000. 

5. Electrolytically. 

6. Langley Field, Va. 

7. Fused Sodium and Potassium nitrate. 

8. San Diego Bay. 

9. Major Gen. H. H. Arnold. 

10. National Advisory Committee for 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

'The Home of Aviation' 




ABOUT ten years ago when gliding first 
Lhad its heyday, one could see gliders 
at one time or another on every hilltop 
around San Diego, always surrounded by 
interested spectators. They were being as- 
sembled, adjusted or taken apart and once 
in a while one of them could be seen in the 
air. Catapulted off the hilltop they would 
skim along the canyon sides, closely fol- 
lowing the contours to get some lift from 
the deflected wind but it was usually a 
losing battle. The flights lasted from a 
few seconds to a minute or two and ended 
with a jar, sometimes a rough one. 

Then Bowlus introduced the sailplane 
to San Diego. These ultra-light, highly re- 
fined gliders didn't skim along the canyon 
sides. They soared all day, high over Point 
Loma and Mount Soledad. 

Gliding now became merely a step to- 
ward the sailplane. The schools and clubs 
formed an association: "Associated Glider 
Clubs of Southern California, Inc." for 
the purpose of organizing activities and 
acquiring sailplanes. Things were hum- 

Then came the depression. The sail- 
plane factory closed. The glider clubs 
slept for seven years. Only one loosely 

high quality 
low cost 


Big 5 Coffee -Personal Blend Coffee 
Big 5 Extracts — Wines Ideal Spices 


organized group kept gliding alive. Led 
by Dave Robertson who later joined Coii- 
wlidatcd, they designed and built gliders 
of their own at school and at home. They 
had learned that even a primary glider 
can soar if the ridge is high enough and 
the wind is right. They also found that at 
Torrey Pines you could auto-tow the 
glider up into the up-draft which you 
could find near the top of the 200-foot 
cliff. This method required only a car, a 
driver and a towline, and was infinitely 
safer than depending upon the perfect 
teamwork of 6 to 10 men to catapult you 
over the edge of a 300-foot precipice. 

Gradually gliding was revived. When 
Coiisol/dafed came to San Diego in 193 5 
there were three home-made sailplanes 
flying. Two years ago there were six of 
these sailplanes flying on windy days at 
Torrey Pines, on calm days at Camp 
Kearny either beaching their partners and 
ground crew or chasing that elusive will- 
of-the-wisp, the "Thermal." 

You may have watched their efforts at 
Camp Kearny and thought that they 
went to a lot of trouble for their short 
hops. But if you have seen them at Torrey 
Pines, soaring on a brisk west wind, float- 
ing lightly back and forth, sometimes 
three, even four at a time you must agree 
that this kind of flying comes close to 
natural bird flight. There is no roar of 
the engine, no propeller blast, no smell of 
gas and oil, nor vibration. In fact, more 
than once the boys have joined a forma- 
tion of soaring seabirds without breaking 
it up. What a thrill to be accepted among 
nature's soarers as one of their own! 

Let us take a ride! The wind is west, 
the tide is low and there are whitecaps on 
the ocean. You are towed 500 feet behind 
a car from the beach, and carefully watch 
the cliffs rush by your wingtip. The steady 
pull of the tow-car brings you two-thirds 
up towards the top when you suddenly 
feel a surge and the rope gets taut. You 
level off to relieve the strain and pull 
the release. The ship is free and lurches 
skyward for a moment, then climbs stead- 
ily. The cliffs sink under you and you are 

level with the pines. There is the coast 
highway curving gracefully on to Del 
Mar, and there is the beach with the tow- 
car and some fishermen and bathers below. 
You just float along, turn leisurely off 
the end of the cliffs, but don't forget that 
you are gliding now and stall! That's fine, 
now you are over the breakers and can 
feel the glide. Get back to the ridge to 
catch the updraft. The air is smooth and 
buoyant. You are soaring. 

From the end of Torrey Pines to Scripps 
Grade is about six miles. That makes 8-10 
minutes of soaring low enough and slow 
enough to enjoy the details of the natural 
park, and shout a joyful "Hello" to sur- 
prise a picnic party as you soar along . . . 
just " 'Plane Sailing," . . . tacking to 
windward enough to keep from drifting in 
from the ridge. At the other end of the 
ridge the cliffs are much higher and you 
gain altitude in double proportion. Now 
you can glide out over the ocean or drift 
inland. Just return to the cliffs in time 
and there is that friendly lift again. It is 
easy to forget time and stay up all after- 
noon, but your partner wants to fly too, 
so let's get back to the beach. This time, 
when the ridge ends at Sorrento Valley and 
you turn, take a long glide over the break- 
ers to land where the beach is uncrowded. 
You prepare for a cross-wind landing, but 
as you get lower and drift back to the 
beach you find it is quite calm. Remember, 
a sailplane is always landed in flying posi- 
tion. Its one wheel is right behind the 
seat, half-way inside the fuselage, so judg- 
ing your height is easy. Just level your 
glide ever so little and you never feel just 
when your wheel begins rolling. Now you 
can coast for 500 feet if you want to, but 
you don't. The tow-car is just ahead so 
you push the stick forward. The long nose- 
skid plows thru the sand; you stop as if 
with hydraulic brakes just beside your 
partner who steadies the wing while you 
get out. 

A short time ago we had this experience 
on landing on the beach: 

"What's that Officer — we can't fly 
from this beach? But we have permission, 
look, here it is." 

"Listen, fellows: The law prohibits all 
driving on the city beaches. If you want 
to argue, tell it to the judge." 

It appeared that some unsympathetic 
anglers had invoked a city ordinance which 
had never before been applied to this 
beach. It looked bad for soaring in San 
Diego. But a good cause is not killed that 
easily. We had a real friend in the presi- 
dent of the old "Associated Glider Clubs 
of Southern California, Inc." He revived 
the association, and handed it over to our 

May, 1939 


group, lock, stock and barrel. As an in- 
corporated club we could now bargain 
with the city. A high-minded citizen 
helped us obtain a lease to a field located 
about a half-mile back from the highest 
point of the cliff. 

Soaring prevails at Torrey Pines! In the 
next issue of the Consolidafor we will take 
off from our own private airport! Get 
ready for a thrill, folks! 

while there's room left in the vaults. Bill 
Liddle has been depositing regular but with 
an uncertain rate of interest. Do you 
grab me? 

What "Chief" Mulroy seems to be losing 
in the way of avoirdupois, Lloyd Bender 
seems to be picking up. They will probably 
work out a system of changing clothes 
unless Jack gains his back after taking on 
too many "schooners" of that sparkling 

Production Minutes 

Bv "Brad" Bradshaw 

T^ 7 HAT years of trying to figure out 
V V why a screw machine is so "screwy" 
will do for a guy was proven by Henry 
Golem's promotion of that triangular 
meet of golf, shooting and bowling that 
furnished Consolidated Sportsmen with a 
barrel of fun and uncovered some mighty 
fine athletes. The Engineers stole the show 
with "Mac" McDougal high aggregate 
and tops in shooting, Roy Miller best at 
golf and Bill Ring third high aggregate. 
Now Jeff Bouley will accuse me of steal- 
ing stuff from his department to fill my 
column. But can I help it if those fellows 
are inclined to be on the athletic side, even 
if only "feet and smell?" Irving Craig 
came through for Sheet to cop the bowling 
and Frank Carey, dark horse, paid the 
longest odds as number two high aggre- 
gate. Ignoring all threats from the "Liars 
Club," Ed Drews counted every stroke 
and proved "honesty pays" to take the 
"booby" with his 168 in golf. Bud Water- 
bury looked like an old hand at getting 
in the "gutter" with that 5 8 and 65 bowl- 
ing score. George "Sharpshooter" Wire 
probably turned "Buffalo Bill" over in the 
grave with that 13 score in shooting. We 
suggest a handful of buck shot at ten 
paces. Ed Stewart didn't enter because he 
couldn't use Boeing for a target. Great 
stuff "Hank", Mussen and all those re- 
sponsible, you deserve a big hand. 

The Johnsons are "a-feudin" with the 
Hieberts again becuz there was a party in 
the Hiebert manor, includin food, and the 
Johnsons didn't get no invite. The Hieberts 
alibi that the food was limited and they 
wanted to ask four other friends. That 
ain't all the "woe" for the "gol darn 
termites" are eating all the boards off the 
Hiebert boat. Concerning this, the John- 
sons claim those termites are the first to 
ever get the best of 'em. After getting 
this news, I am wondering if that Hatfield 
and McCoy affair was a feud or a romance. 
Muriel Hodgson, former employee now 
with the Bank of America, sends word 
that if you have any old socks full of coin 
buried in the back yard, to bring it up 

liquid while in Buffalo or Lloyd finds the 
ball he lost last summer and starts playing 
golf again. 

A toll bridge between San Diego and 
Buffalo, would really grab off some change 
with the past, present and future vacation 
trips of Consolidated folks. Bill Liddle, 
Matt Wielopoloski, Henry Yogerst, Wil- 
lard Luppke, and Ted Anderson, are all 
back and thawed out with Jack Mulroy, 
Arnie Sprenger, Craig Clark, Otto Bendt, 
Jim Eisman and many others on their way 
or putting their nickels away for the trip. 
Ed Kellogg and company claim the record 
time of 52 hours going east which means 
George Newman may leave any day now 
with that accelerator clamped to the floor 
to get that record back. And the writer 
will give him a lot better chance than 
Schmeling getting his title back. "Here's 
Hoping" says Ben Keigle, "so I will have 
something to shoot at when I head that 
Model 'A' toward the old home town." 

The thrill of the month was furnished 
by that dispatcher-adventurer, Craig 
Clark, who left his beautiful home and 
flowers with the wife to "rough it" over 
Torrey Pines. There Craig encountered a 
giant rattler which gave him the "bird" 
and this irked our hero no little. How far 
he can throw is a question, but two stones 
did the trick and to be original he "brought 
it back dead." Says Craig, "I hadn't washed 
my hair, but I couldn't do a thing with it" 

That Tonawanda Club reunion at the 
Bavarian, not getting into the column be- 
cause the writer could not remember what 
happened is all prittle-prattle and has hurt 
me to the core. After writing my fingers 
to the bone, I guess it just wasn't print- 
able or the star characters had too much 
"hush money." Gracie typed my stuff and 
after all it was "Papa" Phil Koenig who 
thought he was Phil Harris, and Gracie 
has to live at home. I also remember Art 
Thurston doing the "buck and wing" and 
Jim Patton leading the singing. I even 
recognized Al Ambrose's feet from under 
the third table. In fact I saw everything 
double, so there!!! 

Leave it to the Rod and Reel Club to do 
their stuff when it comes to electing of- 
ficers to direct that worthy group of 
"sardine kidnappers." "Chuck" Hibert, 
that hardy old salt and skipper of the good 
ship "Peg's Gripe" is president, either 
through choice or a stuffed ballot box (I 
haven't received the two bits for my vote 
as yet) . Glenn Hotchkiss, John Hopman 
and Roy Coykendall, received a lot of 
praise for their work during the past year 
and were almost unanimously re-elected to 
serve another term. Hopman handles the 
cash too, but maybe the three Vice-Presi- 
dents' duties are to watch him. George 
Landy, Walter Beyer, and L. A. Perry are 
the other "big shots" and we feel that the 
club is in capable hands. Congratulations 
fellows as only real sportsmen receive 
honors such as these. 

The La Jolla "hell drivers" tell me that 
I will be responsible for all traffic tickets 
collected on the morning run, as there is 
a cop behind every bush since the expose 
of the "handicap" in last issue. I don't 
feel so bad if it proves there are more peo- 
ple reading this stuff than myself. 

According to Al Ballard, fashion expert 
of upper lip decorations, the column writ- 
ten by Ed Raymond should read "Why 
does I stay alive." Says Ballard "The shift- 
less skunk bought a spray gun and charges 
a "buck" to loan it and I only wanted to 
try a few color schemes on my new "lip 
creation." The writer has learned Ed needs 
the extra coin for a nurse so he can get 
out once a week to play golf. 

Think twice before you pass judgment 
on the other man's car or his handling 
thereof — and then say nothing. 


Sher win- Willi a ms 

pniriT - luniLPHPER 

Braadujou atTanth^ 
Franklin 6207 

Sherwin - Wl.liami Dlatrlbator 





Al Rhodes and his reflecting telescope. 


By Bill Weaver 

OUR gadgeteer of the pattern shop, 
Mr. Albert Rhodes, has at last out- 
gadgeted himself. Al, being one of those 
souls who are never content with things 
as they are, generally finds himself im- 
proving on an improvement. This time 
it is a telescope. In the past it was "diggun 
out" golf clubs. You who have played 
golf with Al will remember some of his 
schematic-looking creations for coaxing 
the little white ball out of tough places. 
Then too, Al has done no end of clever 
things with his home-made, long range 
camera, and now his latest, but not least: 
His telescope. 

The photograph doesn't do justice for 
the warm feeling Al has for his latest 
creation. Those who have had the pleasure 
of looking at the rings of Saturn, the 
beauty of Venus and the craters and moun- 
tains of the Moon through his instrument 
are warm in their praise of the fine job 
that has been done. 

The telescope has been built around a 
9-inch reflecting mirror with a 78-inch 
focus. This being the same type of mirror 
that is ground for the Palomar observatory. 
A reflector mirror of this size enlarges a 
body in the sky, 312 diameters larger than 
can be seen with the unaided eye. The 

When this reporter is in deep despair 

For morsels of news from we know not where, 

Our anguished gaze ever turns to the hght 

Which Henry holds aloft to aid in our plight; 

His daily doings start tongues a'buzzin' 

And the newshawks now fondly call him "cousin." 

From boyish pranks to losing his jallopy 

We'll follow Mandolf for colorful copy. 

THERE is an ancient pun attributed to 
a certain Swede who remarked: "Dis 
ban a yoke on me" as his egg splattered on 
his shirt front, but Henry Mandolf is say- 
ing it in his own dialect these days. It seems 
that Henry was advocating a certain man- 
ner in which one could squeeze a raw egg 
without breakage occurring. To make his 
arguments more convincing he proceeded 
to put on a demonstration for the edifica- 
tion of several of the fellows at the lunch 
table. To the delight of the audience and 
the mortification of Mandolf the egg col- 
lapsed miserably in the ordeal, and gobs 
of goo were duly propelled into his eye- 
brows and other tonsorial adornments, 
while the remainder of the egg's contents 
trickled down his vest. Henry claims that 

mirror is mounted in a hexagonal tube 12 
inches in diameter and 84 inches long. 
This was fabricated out of plywood, and 
mounted in a portable base which gives it 
somewhat the appearance of a piece of field 
artillery. While Al was building his tele- 
scope there were a lot of suspicious looks 
cast Al's way by the neighbors. But they 
now feel relieved since Al has assured them 
it is harmless even to look through. 

The mechanism that rotates the tube to 
compensate for the rotation of the earth 
and to keep the heavenly body in view, 
Al made from parts from various sources: 
automobiles, clocks, washing machines and 
even a kiddy car, being the main contrib- 
utors. The mechanism is driven by a "one 
ant power" induction motor. Al has had 
lots of patience with this little fellow, 
trying to coax him into doing the work 
of a horse! 

Those who have had the pleasure of 
looking through this telescope are amazed 
at the clarity with which this instrument 
can define an object. We take our hat off 
to you, Al, for a job well done. 



are recognized leaders in the Aircraft Industry 


the hen threw him down by failing to in- 
clude the proper amount of calcium in 
the eggshell, but privately we think that 
Mandolf always did it before with a nest- 

And, fearing we might run out of copy, 
Mandolf put on another special act this 
month in passing the perfectos in celebra- 
tion of the birth of a daughter, Elinor. 
"She weighed only seven pounds!" chirped 
Henry, indicating that his delight is ever 
in weight reduction no matter what the 

George Schairer's calculations were fur- 
ther complicated this month by another 
process in triangulation as a result of the 
arrival of a bundle of boy now known as 
George Edward Schairer II. The growing 
list of "Thirty-niners" in the engineering 
department has led to the suggestion that 
a drafting table be put on that certain floor 
in the hospital so that these nervous en- 
gineers can concentrate on something fa- 
miliar while waiting. 

Further activity in our Vows and Wows 
department was engineered by Jimmy 
(Whistler) Syren, the melody boy, who 
substituted Lohengrin for Deep Purple 
long enough to take Miss Harriett Wolcott 
as his bride. Promptly using his new 
father-in-law as an excuse for a pun, 
Jimmy says "the wedding guests Aetna 
everything in the house." Tsk! Tsk! 

Our swelling ranks were further aug- 
mented recently by the return of our 
missing Swiss, Frank Holdener, sans yodel 
or feather in his hat. After an eight months 
sojourn in the Alpine regions Frank is 
firmly convinced that Swiss cheese weighs 
as much as any other despite the holes. 
He also thinks the St. Bernard dogs with 
the little whiskey kegs are fine and should 
be imported here. We agree that it would 
be a splendid idea. One of those dogs could 
come trotting up with a bracer after the 
exhausted pedestrian has finally managed 
to cross one of our busy arterials. 

One of our operatives reports that the 
termites have caught up with Bill Ring 
and that they are eating his desk right out 
from under his feet. Because of the great 
number of drawings accumulated on the 
desk, th; little fellows were not noticed 
until they had made considerable head- 
way. It has since been discovered that ter- 
mites are always attracted by the green 
"Rush" tags on drawings. 

P. S. I had another good article, but 
Doug McDougal asked me not to put 

it in. 

EKperimentnl neuis 

Just keep on galloping Pattcake, 

You is no horse of mine! 
If ever I bet on you again 

I hope 'tis only a dime. 

San Anita is no place for you, 
You should be made t' glue. 

For anyone who bets on you, 
Is jest like me, a screw! 

B. F. 

The painless lathe hand! 

All warts, carbuncles, spavins, horns 
and different forms of bumps, removed 
by Whitie the nev/ carborundum way. All 
patients are treated in the finest machine 
shop manner! I. H. 

Otto proved to be the big fish in the 
bowling league, so he joined the Rod and 
Reel club to follow up his ambitions. O. P. 

O. P. now indulges in moccasins for 
daily use. With a string of feathers and a 
coat of tan, you could hardly tell him 
from a buck Indian! Woo-Woo! 

Gun Club X's 

The list below shows the individual 
averages for March, 1939 of members of 
the Consolidated Aircraft Gun Club. 

An open invitation is extended all per- 
sons in the employ of the Consolidated 
Aircraft Corporation and members of their 
families and friends to attend our weekly 
shoot held in the basement of the Stanley 
Andrews Sporting Goods Company at 7:30 
every Wednesday evening. 

Participants in the recent Triangle 
Match, who desire to shoot occasionally, 
may feel free to be our guests as often as 
they like and use our equipment and the 
range facilities. 

High Individual Aggregate Score: 

McDougal, D. — 2 84 

Meyers, H. — 284 
Kneeling : 

Golem, Henry— 98 

Meyers, H. — 93 



Tke ex.penie Li a. mattet on i^out ou/n dedite 


Fourth Ave. and Ash St. MORTUA RY Phone, Main 6168 

tVONV is the f/^ 



weeks, only, left to modernize under 
the FHA Modernization Plan. We 
maintain eleven different Building 
Material Departments to serve you. 



14th and K Streets 

El Centre, Brawley, Oceanside 

Consolidated Gun Club Averages for March, 

Wo. o/ 

Name fin-d Prone Sf/thig Kiu 

McDougal, D. 3 50 49 

Meyers, H. 2 49 47 

Golem, Howard 3 49.5 47.5 

Golem, Henry 4 49 47.5 

Schnaubelt, H. 5 49.5 47.5 : 

Kallis, F. 3 48 46 ; 

Conniry, J. 4 47.5 45 

Schneider, J. " 4 48 45 

Prior, H. 3 SO 47 

Scares 4 46 41 

Peterhansel, O. 3 49 44 

Kipkowski, S. 3 47 45 

Von Meeden, H. 2 47 40.5 

Weber, L. 1 47 41 : 

Benson, D 2 43 38 

Patton, J. 4 36.5 27 

Lawrence, H. 2 38 30 

Bauer, L. ;___ 2 36 28 


'li,:g 0'H,uhI Total 

2 90 2S1 

4.5 87.5 278 

2 85 274 

2 85 273.5 

82 269 
9 76 259 

7 78 257.5 

8 73 254 

1 73 25 1 
4 68 239 

4 61 238.5 

8.5 66 236.5 

4 69.5 231 

6 56 220 

3 45.5 189.5 

43 156.5 

2 39 149 

1 37 142 

If&UR Property 

JJ^fiere IJou CATS! get 
Much p^r Little 


ONSIDER me small cost 
' of complete insurance. 
Where can you get so 
much for so little ? What 
other investment as small 
will give you as great 

Stock Fire lasuranee, 
as a form of protection, 
stands back of credit and 
guarantees financial 
security of your property. 
It keeps values intact 
which otherv/ise fire 
would destroy. 

and artante a plan fai jout 


San Diego Trust & Savings Bidg, 

Franklin 5141 


/^ j^'^^'^^m^,^'^^^'' '^ - 

erasing barriers of 
time and space.. .a 


charts new paths for 





JbU L±LJ Liu U Lyj uL. 



JUNE • 1939 









We gladly make 
arrangements each 
week to offer you 
this friendly free 

Every automotive 
need can easily be 
taken care of in 
one of our 20 fully 
equipped depart- 
ments in either of 
our two stations. 

Our very easy bud- 
get terms made 
available to you on 
all tire, retread and 
battery sales with 
only your "white 
slip" as identifica- 
tion. No delay — 
immediate service. 

Our Home Appli- 
ance Department 
offers you a wide 
selection of the 
newest and most 
modern in all home 
appliances — avail- 
able to you on the 
easiest of terms. 

Miller Service, Inc. 

32nd and 

30th and 
El Cajon 

lULlER pninTS 

'Theu la6t .... 






Ul. p. FULLER & [0. 

Seuenth Rue. and F St. . main 0181 
2911 Uniuersity Rub. . Hillcrest 3110 


'Maybe You'd Hold Your Job and Pay Your Board 
v^-^ If You Got Some 

Garrett Tools" 

Perhaps the landlady is a bit harsh, 
but the'old girl has a good idea. Good 
tools won't hold your job, but they 
surely help plenty. See Garrett for the 
Tight tools to do the job right. Only 
best nationally advertised brands are 


1126 Santa Fe Ave. 

MUtual 2286 

Los Angeles 


Only twa flies 



Fly TWA from Los 
s to Chicago 
Sew York 
s Fair direct, 

id take in the 
Exposition at no 
extra transportation 

i days to "do" the f, 

f you t\y TWA. 5 
100 miles of Grand Canyon--plus 
and Southwest Indian Country. Slopi 
120 days 


336 "C" Street, San Diego Franklin 6581 


Volume 4 

June, 1939 

Number 6 


DURING the month of May, we seem 
to have been particularly honored: 
On the 6th of the month, Col. Charles A. 
Lindbergh paid a visit to the plant and 
made an inspection of the plant manu- 
facturing facilities. Arriving as he did on 
a Saturday, his visit was not witnessed by 
many of the plant personnel, although it 
was noted that among others he was 
greeted by Donald Hall, designer of 
the original "Spirit of St. Louis," who is 
now a member of our engineering staff, 
as well as by Major Fleet and other com- 
pany officials. His visit was brief, but 
thru his skilled eyes and knowledge of 
aviation, probably highly informative. 

On Tuesday, May 16th, we were again 
most royally treated in the visit to the 
plant by Crown Prince Olav and Crown 
Princess Martha, of Norway, and members 
of their Royal party. This visit was a 
signal honor indeed, as but a brief por- 
tion of the day was spent in San Diego, 
and over three-quarters of an hour de- 
voted to a trip thru our plant. The inspec- 
tion tour here was quite leisurely, and 
all members of the party appeared keenly 
interested in the operations. Those in the 
Royal party besides their Royal High- 
nesses were: Major and Mrs. N. R. Ost- 
gaard. Captain N. A. Ramm, Minister W. 
Morgenstierne, Mr. Aage Bryn, Mr. Jens 
Schieve, Mr. Hans Olav, Mr. Chr. J. Mohn 
and Mr. O. Gladtvedt and accompanying 
them, Professor Doctor Harald U. Sverd- 
rup, of Scripps Institute. 

After arrival and introductions, the 
Royal party set out immediately thru th; 
plant, touching upon every phase of the 
activities and finally in conclusion arriv- 
ing at the office of Major Fleet. Depart- 
ure was made by automobiles under escort 
from the patio adjoining the office. 

Appearing in the April issue of the mag- 
azine "Soaring" is an article "Higher 
Cruising Speeds" dealing with cross- 
country soaring. It's a first-rate article 
and no wonder ... it was written by our 
own Dan Zuck of the Engineering De- 


There ahead of me at last was my ob- 
jective. With a sigh of relief I switched off 
the automatic map feed. 

Leaning forward from my luxurious 
seat I switched off the automatic pilot. 

Turning to the radio equipment I faded 
out the beam and faded in the field. 

Rapidly winding in the direction finder, 
I requested permission to land. 

Switching, with the speed that deceives 
the eye, over to "Receive," I got the 

I turned on the infra-red landing gear. 

I wound in the aerial. 

I wound out the telescopic portion of 
the wing. 

I protruded the retractable venturi. 

I switched off the de-icer. 

I switched off the cabin-light. 

I unlocked my slots. 

I lowered both legs of my retractable 
landing gear. 

I wound down the retractable tail wheel. 

I altered the set of my variable pitch 

I performed an incredible contortion as 
the direct result of having to perform 
the last four duties concurrently, — because 
of the nearness of the airport. 

The aeroplane performed an astounding 
manoeuvre as the direct result of this. 

I switched off the cabin-heater and 
wiped the sweat from my brow. 

I wound down my slotted flaps. 

I wound the tail-adjusting-wheel back. 

Seizing a frenzied moment I closed the 
throttle and immediately began to wind 
out my landing-lights. 

I wound in my radiator. 

Finally, as the immediate value of the 
time decreased, I wound in my retractable 

Leaning back, I switched off the air- 

A moment later, just as I landed, I 
leaned forward again. 

It was the wrong airport. 

So, opening the throttle, I flew swiftly 
away again, winding everything in and 
out as I went. 

— From "The Aeroplane." 


Accustomed as we are to reading of 
increasingly large horsepowers in aircraft 
engines, we are not always fully appre- 
ciative of the tremendous amount of 
energy involved. Take the two engines of 
the Model 31, for instance: These, at 
take-off can loosen 4,000 horsepower 
(combined) thru the two 16-foot three- 
bladed propellers, which is actually the 
loosening of 2,200,000 foot-pounds of 
energy in one brief second! Maybe foot- 
pounds are not just in your line. If not, 
you may look at it in another light: Al- 
lowing an area of only 3 feet by 8 feet 
as standing room for an actual horse, the 
power output of these engines in horses, 
would require about 2.2 acres . . . and 
the beasts would be packed in rather 
snuggly! Looked at from still a third 
angle, the average man at physical labor 
works at a rate of about one-quarter 
horsepower. Thus the two engines are the 
equivalent of a working force of 16,000 
men! From these figures you can convert 
the power of these engines into ham 
sandwiches consumed, bales of hay, pounds 
of horseflesh or any other thing you want 
. . . probably the best way, however, is 
to take a look at those closely packed 1 8 
cylinders in each engine, and then just 
say, "WOW!!!" 

P.S. When the above dope was passed 
along to Harry Campbell for a checking, 
he appended a note which read: "In one 
second these engines require about 125 
cu. ft. of air to burn .778 lbs. of fuel to 
produce about 15,000 B.T.U. This air, if 
confined at atmospheric pressure would 
occupy a cube 5 feet on a side. The elec- 
trical equivalent of heat liberated in one 
second would operate a 1,000 watt electric 
stove for nearly 4''2 hours!" 

Wisdom lies not in being able to dis- 
tinguish between right and wrong, but 
in the realization that there can be a dif- 
ference between two rights. 

"Praise loudly and blame softly." 
Do you often see more real help put 
into five words? 

All communications 
Permission to reprint 

should he addressed to the C0N50LIDAT0R, c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, Califorriia. 

in whole o?in part, any of the subect matter herein, is gladly granted °ny .established pubMcat.on provided proper crec^t.s given t^^^^ 

Material may not be used for advertising. Printed monthly in the U, S. A. by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., Son D.ego, California. 

Left to right: Squadron Leader J. R. Addams of the Royal Air Force, 
Leader R. H. Simms of the Royal Australian Air Force and C A. Van Di 
made a brief visit to the Consolidated Aircraft plant recently in connection i 
boat being constructed for the British Air Ministry. Squadron Leader S: 

F. A. Learman, Squadron 
isen. The squadron leaders 
/ith our Model 28-T flying 

has returned to Australia, 

Squadron Leader Addams is in charge of Technical development for the British Air Ministry at Lockheed. 


IT is sometimes a surprising revelation 
to find how close we come to a certain 
thing, or an operation that takes place 
regularly, and still, due to a slight devia- 
tion or timing difference, miss it entirely. 
Two of the top-notchers in our organiza- 
tions recently were viewing portions of 
the movie of plant operations. One of 
them remarked, "Well, I'll be. That's the 
first time I ever saw that operation!" A 
little later on the other smiled at an en- 
tirely different scene and admitted it was 
the first time he knew where this second 
operation was carried out! That may seem 
strange to some persons, but when you 
consider the scope of the operations going 
on here, and the fact that each man must 
concentrate rather fully upon his particu- 
lar job during the time that the day al- 
lows, it is perfectly possible for such things 
to be missed entirely until they are brought 
to the attention by some out of the usual 




and on 



Furniture Co. 

2368 Kettner at Kalmla 

Just to prove that all of us are subject 
to this same element of "miss-itis" the law 
of averages is probably in our favor for 
the odds of about ten to one that not over 
three persons in the plant will be able to 
recognize all three of these things without 
turning to page 15 for the explanations: 

Where, in the plant, are there rooms, 
normally dark and unfilled, where the 
wind howls constantly, pulls and tugs at 
you all the while you are in them and 
slams the door behind you with a venge- 
ance as though you were enacting a scene 
in a howling storm? There are few persons 
who have been there, so that ought to 
stick most of you. 

2. The above rooms are a fine setting 
for the origin of dire acts of vengeance, so, 
while you were there, suppose you got the 
idea you would like to take a friend of 
yours to a spot in the plant where his 
watch would be gummed up without his 
knowing it and while it was still in his 
pocket. To what department would you 
take him? 

3. Equal to half the department, 
blacker than the ace of spades, where see- 
ing green means you can slow down and 
the red light that you can go . . . where 
is this and in what department. 

A genius is an acrobat who can walk the 
fence between sanity and insanity. 



By J. E. Hodgson 

AFTER a long and arduous chase, little 
i.Dan Cupid finally overtook our 
genial inspector J. L. (Billy) Weaver. His 
marriage was celebrated April 29th last 
to the charming Miss Vivianna Faucher, 
R.N., of Boston, Mass., who is a graduate 
of the only French hospital in the country 
in Quincy, Mass. 

The engineering loft is enriched by the 
transfer to it from the wood shop of 
M. C. "Tip" Weber, Harry Larsen, and 
Joe Davis. Congratulations Mr. Coughlin 
and boys, the benefits should be mutual. 

After his appendix operation, Harry 
Walter is back on the job again, looking 
fine, and in his own words feeling that 
way. He and Mrs. Walter wish to thank 
the boys for the beautiful flowers sent him 
during his illness. 

Mr. Ambrose is to be congratulated on 
the acquisition of Johnny Woodhead from 
our midst. Johnny is an expert on plaster 
molds, used in making drop hammer dies. 

Mr. and Mrs. "Billy" Weaver wish to 
thank all concerned for the lovely electric 
Toastmaster and Waffle Iron presented to 
them on the occasion of their marriage. 

Did you ever hear our bathroom tenor, 
Bob Harshaw, warbling on the high notes? 
He claims that he can reach high "C". 
Sometimes it sounds like the twelfth 

Jack Benkner is looking more like him- 
self since Mrs. J. B. got home from her 
trip east, where she visited with friends 
and relatives. 

Missing: A few lengths of safety chain, 
since a certain lead man has a replace- 
ment on his lost gum chewing china 
clippers. "Safety first, Johnny, eh?" 

I held her tiny hand in mine 

I clasped her beauteous form 

I vowed to shield her from the world 

And from the world's cold storm. 

She turned her lovely eyes on me 

And tears did wildly flow. 

And from those cherry lips she said, 

"Dog gone you, let me go!" 

— An old poem. 

Our genial author of "Consarians About 
Town," Willard H. Fink, of Drawbench, 
surprised his friends after a birthday party 
on May 6th, by the announcement that he 
was a married man, and had been since 
February 22d. The Bride: Miss Mar)"- 
Charlotte Horn, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
W. G. Horn of San Diego and formerly 
of Baltimore. Mr. and Mrs. Willard H. 
Fink are now at home to friends at 183.3 
30th Street. 

June, 1939 

The Boss Td Like . . . 

Condensed from This Week 
{Kobinscm Peale, i.e.: Preston Lockwood) 

I AM one of those employes who has 
always been in daily contact with the 
man I work for. I've given, therefore, a 
good deal of thought to the sort of man 
I want to work for: 

Age: My boss shouldn't be too old for 
his job. If he's that old, he's out of step 
with life, whether he knows it or not. 
Above all — when it comes to the daily, 
run-of-the-mill work — he must be able 
to take it and like it. 

If he's too young, on the other hand, 
he hasn't had time to learn his business. 
The job will probably run him, instead 
of his running the job. He will tend to 
mistrust his own judgments — even, per- 
haps, when he thinks I'm pretty good. 

Physique: My boss shouldn't be too 
fat. Excessive avoirdupois may mean there 
is something wrong with one or more of 
the glands, which regulate personality as 
well as weight. Hh character, alcmg with 
his corpus, may bulge in the ivrong places. 
There's as much to the tradition of cer- 
tain regiments of the British Army that 
the colonel must be thin and no officer 
fatter than his colonel, as there is to the 
popular belief that fat men are good- 
natured and broad-minded. 

The shouldn't be too thin, either — or 
too tall, or too short. If he is, you can be 
pretty sure that he has often envied bet- 
ter-proportioned men. And, envy, at the 
root of a man's character, is as dangerous 
as dynamite. 

Home Life: My boss should be hap- 
pily married. If he isn't he's apt to have 
complexes, and show the effect of frus- 
trations — throw his weight about the of- 
fice, either because he can't shift his po- 
sition freely at home or because he's 
formed the habit of "asserting himself" 
in the domestic circle and forgets to lower 
his voice when he comes to business. 

Bachelors, divorced men and widowers 
are sometimes as difficult to work for 
as unhappily-married men. They seldom 
have the proper sense of proportion about 
their jobs. They blow hot and cold. 
Without warning, they make the office 
their home- — -with all that this means to 
those who have to stick around as long 
as they do. Again, they try to do their 
business on the golf course. 

And I want the man I work for to 
have children. All fathers are brothers 
under the skin. Same things to worry 

about and to stick out their chests over! 
Children, furthermore, have a habit of 
emphasizing ""home truths" until they 
sink in; and the better the man I work 
for knows himself, the better I'm pleased. 

Health: My boss should be in good 
health. (Organizations require employes 
to take physical examinations. I suggest 
that employes be given the right to look 
at the doctors' certificates of their em- 
ployer.) I don't require my boss to be 
Olympic-team material, or even an ""ex- 
athlete." I ask that he be reasonably fit, 
as the life insurance companies measure 
fitness. The more power a man has, the 
more far-reaching are the effects of his 
illnesses. I have seen good businesses 
wrecked by dyspepsia. 

Firmness: My boss should hold me re- 
sponsible for what I have to do; but he 
should not interfere in its doing. If he's 
indifferent, where are: the mutual stim- 
ulus that should be part of our relation- 
ship, the incentive of merited praise, the 
spur of deserved blame? And if my boss 
makes me do in his way what I ought to 
be allowed to do in my own way — what 
will become of my self-reliance? 

Fairness: A man's religion is his own 
affair; and I realize I'm starting some- 
thing when I talk about that side of the 
life of the man I work for. Nevertheless, 
I will go on record as stating that I like 
my livelihood to be in the hands of a 
man who has some religious affilia- 
tion. Perhaps this world is all there is to 
our existence; but I think our life here is 
only part of the story. At any rate, if my 
boss can have a better guide than the 
Golden Rule, it hasn't been called to my 

This means that I want my boss to be 
fair — to know capacity when he see it — 
to recognize loyalty when he meets it. 
If he's that sort of person, he won't play 
favorites — even in my case. So, I may not 
get ahead as fast as the next fellow. But 
what sort of worker would I be if I 
were unwilling to take my chances on 

There are exceptions to all rules. 
Neither a traffic cop nor a psychoanalyst 
can be sure of what a man is going to 
do. But, if my boss is substantially the 
man I've described — then, on balance, he's 
all right by me. I'll work for him and 
feel, in working for him, that I'm get- 
ting somewhere, and helping him to get 
somewhere in his business. 

And it's all to the good, if my boss 
also has: 

The sense of humor, which lightens 
the day's labor — for sometimes it's long. 

The ability to give brief and clear in- 
structions — for the factor of error is al- 
ways with us. 

The hearty handshake and robust spirits 
which communicate courage — for, now 
and then, I need a lift just as he does. 

Ed. Note — The original of this article 
was printed in This Week. Then it was 
condensed and run in the World Digest, 
and is so worthy of printing that we se- 
cured the author's permission to run it 
here. Robinson Peale, incidentally, is the 
pen name of Preston Lockwood, a di- 
rector of Consolidated Aircraft Corp. 


By Max Goldman 

Orville Hubbard has returned from his 
two weeks' vacation looking fit as a fiddle. 
He claims the fish were biting good up 
north. Orville took in the San Francisco 
Fair and also visited Yellowstone National 
park and Reno. His cockerspaniel dog 
stood the trip very well in the trailer. 

Congratulations to Bert Hodges on the 
birth of a son! 

Exclusively at Baranov's 



f TA-VAN ^ 

• Waterproof! 

• Shockproof 

A marvelous 17-jewel watch 
for men. Two-tone gilt semi- 
index dial. WaterprooF strap. 
Built for men of action. 

o/t/i/ 37-50 


A Year to Pay 

Fifth Avenue Wat Broadway 


ON May 5th, lacking two days of be- 
ing exactly ten months from the date 
of its authorization, and the announcement 
of Burr Carroll as its project engineer, 
the graceful and powerful Model No. 3 1 
arose from the waters of San Diego bay 
on her initial flight. As on the initial flight 
of the XPB2Y-1, Chief Test Pilot "Bill" 
Wheatley, Co-pilot Geo. Newman, Flight 
Engineer Jack Kline and 2nd Flight En- 
gineer Bob Keith were aboard handling 
her controls. 

At noon Consolidated' s latest fast 
traveling twin-engined flying boat was 
manoeuvred above the plant for the en- 
tire personnel to see, then headed up the 
coast into the murkiness of the day, soon 
being lost to view, but returning later to 
alight on the bay. 

Newsreelers and a host of cameramen 
and news reporters vied with each other 
for angles best calculated to display her 
unique lines and streamlined form. They 
grasp the significant facts of her speed, 
range and load-carrying ability, as a 
marked advance in flying boat design. 
And the considerable import of the fact 
that but a brief ten months was in- 
volved in producing this highly advanced 
craft. Probably never before has a craft 
capable of carrying 52 passengers been 
produced in such a short space of time. 
The accomplishment speaks well for the 
new method of lofting, and the close co- 
operative union between the engineering 
department and shop. 

Streamlining to utter perfection, with 
a keen eye held thruout on productability 
of all the advanced features, as well as the 

usual structure, has netted a flying boat 
of outstanding characteristics. Two 
Wright, 18 -cylinder, twin-row radial en- 
gines each rated at 2,000 horsepower for 
take-off, (the first of these engines to be 
installed in an airplane) power the model 
3 1 ; swinging in turn three-bladed, full- 
feathering Hamilton Standard Hydro- 
matic propellers 16 feet in diameter. Look- 
ing at the high aspect ratio wing with but 
110 feet of span, and these tremendous 
propellers, leads one to wonder if the next 
advance will not see the propeller tips 
extending beyond the wings. 

The wing itself is full cantilever; its 
fuel tanks built integrally, following 
standard Consolidated practice, with hy- 
draulically operated Fowler Flaps .... 
flaps that for their support have no braces 
extending into the airstream. The out 
board floats retract to the underside of 
the outer wing panels, since the wing tips 
are too small to allow for wing tip re- 
traction as in the PBY and XPB2Y-1 

Ailerons and flaps are fabric covered 
as are the movable tail surfaces. The hull 
planing surfaces, wings and tail surfaces 
are flush riveted. The hull itself, two full 
decks deep, bringing with it a new high in 
volumetric efficiency, has a large flight 
compartment and eight additional large 
compartments. Aft of these the hull 
swings up abruptly, eliminating waste 
space, decreasing skin drag and clearing 
the tail surfaces high above water and 
spray. The overall length is approximately 
73 feet, height 22, root wing chord is 14 
feet. Approximate gross weight, 50,000 

"The Model 31 in the yard just before the 
initial flight. Jack Kline is standing alongside one 
of the rear beaching gear wheels. At the right 
just before the take-off. Top, Chief Test Pilot 
"Bill" Wheatley, below, Co-Pilot George Newman. 

lbs. Normally the crew will consist of 
five: Pilot, Co-pilot, Flight Engineer, 
Radio Operator, Navigator. The ship has 
no armament. 

Unique is the inclusion of the beaching 
gear as a part of the airplane, and the pro- 
visions for completely retracting the gear 
hydraulically. The dual tired front wheel 
of the tricycle arrangement, swings up- 
ward into the under side of the hull, while 
the rear side wheels swing into wells in 
the side of the hull. The three wheels are 
completely enclosed by doors for maxi- 
mum efficiency in flight. 

The flight compartment has been com- 
pletely soundproofed and is completely 
furnished with all the latest t^'pe of in- 
struments and equipment. As a commer- 
cial airliner, the Model 3 1 has a maximum 
capacity of 52 passengers on a daylight 
run and 28 passengers for night or sleeper 
operations. For trans-Atlantic flights, the 
airplane has accommodations for 28 

For militani' purposes the Model 3 1 
would augment the famous series of twin- 
engined patrol bombers, the PBYs, built 
by Consolidated for the United States 
Navy. Performance figures have not been 
released, but the Model No. 51 greatly 
exceeds the PBYs in speed, range and load- 
carr\ang capacity. 

Unlike previous experimental flying 
boats which were constructed by the 
Consolidated Aircraft Corporation under 
government contract, the Model 3 1 is 

June, 1939 

the Corporation's private venture. While 
the Navy Department was cognizant of 
the construction, the development has not 
been financed by the government nor sub- 
jected to the ordinary procurement routine 
which adds materially to the cost and 
time for construction. Only ten months 
were required for the design and construc- 
tion of the airplane, whereas development 
of types of similar magnitude has required 
from two to three years heretofore. 


Consolidated Philosophy 

When a man does only what he must 
do, he will remain all his life in the rank 
and file. He will always have to be or- 
dered about. It is what a man does of his 
own accord that counts. 

There is only one way to be happy and 
that is to make somebody else so. 

He who would do some great thing in 
this short life must apply himself to work 
with such a concentration of his forces 
as, to idle spectators, looks like insanity. 

Ymi can do or be pretty nearly any- 
thing you. want to do or be. But not 
thru wishing. No engineer ever wished a 
masterpiece of construction into existence. 
Every detail was first carefully worked 
out — and many times by the light of mid- 
night oil. 

Do what you are paid to do and then 
some. It's the "then some" that gets your 
salary raised. 

The fellow who is fndling on the oars 
hasn't time to rock the boat. 

Some men think it's their work that is 
burdensome, when it's the chip on their 
shoulder that's holding them down. 

Responsibilities gravitate to the man 
who can shoulder them; power flows to 
the man xvho knows how. 

Getting into debt is getting into a 
tanglesome net. 

Usually the greatest boasters are the 
smallest workers. The deep rivers pay a 
larger tribute to the sea than shalloiv 
brooks, and yet einpty themselves with 
less noise. 

If you want to live happily you must 
adapt yourself completely to your en- 

Do not anticipate trouble, or ivorry 
about what may never happen. Keep in 
the sunlight. 

Born, Saturday, April 2 2d to Mr. and 
Mrs. D. B. Oatman of Experimental, a 
baby girl, Miss Susan HoUoway Oatman 
with black hair and dark eyes. She checked 
in at the Quintard hospital at 9 Yi lbs. 
and incidentally is the 13 th grandchild 
from both sides of the family. 


GEORGE LANDY who early in life 
started out to be a wit but only got 
halfway, had a surprise party thrown at 
his house in honor of his wife going back 
east for a visit. Landy says he was really 
surprised but who ever heard of a "sur- 
prise party," that wasn't known of by the 
host, before anyone else heard of it? 

"Fainting" Harry McEwen gently 
swooned while watching a minor operation 
in McDonald's First Aid Emporium. 
Harry says he is improving, Quote "Last 
time I fainted I was out for ten minutes, 
this time only five." Nice going Harry! 

Harry McEwen's reply to his gentle 
swooning in the First Aid room, is that 
if Al Leonard hadn't been sprawled out 
on the cot, this would not have happened. 
Harry further states that at least they 
didn't have to give him aromatic spirits 
of ammonia to keep him alive. 

Mystery — what happened to the 6'/4 
lb. bass that George Wire didn't catch? 

Glenn Hotchkiss, the mighty hunter 
lived up to his reputation on the Balboa 
golf course. After taking careful aim 
Glenn brought down a golfer at 100 
yards. Mrs. Hotchkiss (as usual) was in at 
the kill. 

We have in the Hull Dept. one of the 
best known icthyologists (fish lover to 
you) in town. Hank Lajoie claims he can 
carry on a conversation with fish. If at 
anytime, anyone sees Hank opening and 
closing his mouth, do not be alarmed, he 
is merely singing a fish lullaby and not 
gasping for breath. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Roy, 
Thursday at 1:20 p. m. Little Miss Penny 
Ann Roy, who checked in at just 5 
pounds, 3 oz. Congratulations! 

Born Saturday, April 2 2d at Quintard 
Hospital at just 9' j lbs. Miss Susan Hol- 
loway Oatman, infant daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. D. B. Oatman of Experimental. 
The young lady has black hair and dark 
eyes and is the 13 th grandchild from both 

From the "Metal Edge Packager" this 
stickler about the size of a fish is pre- 
sented: When he was hauled aboard it was 
found that its head measured 9 inches. Its 
body was as long as its head and tail com- 
bined. The length of its tail was equal to 
that of its head plus half of its body. It's 
all very simple, of course ... so how 
long was the entire fish? 

{Answer Page 7) 


THESE Boys and Wives from the 
Bench Dept. are vacationing in Buf- 
falo and New York City: Mrs. Albert 
Haegle, Mr. Wm. Rasp, Mr. Edward 
Rasp, Mr. and Mrs. James Eaton, Mr. and 
Mrs. Jack Fleck, Mr. Otto Dudzinski, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ernie Roeckel, Mrs. George 
Kiener, Mrs. William Milton ... per J. 
Bailey No. 2930. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jack Fleck, left Satur- 
day, May 6th, for a month's vacation in 
the East. His old pals in Poges Hole, bet- 
ter be on the watch 'cause Jack is very 
clever on the draw . . . (poker). No. 2930. 

Here in the Metal Bench, the can- 
openers are very much in use. Take, for 
instance Mr. Kiegle and Mr. Milton . . . 
always arguing about who's a better man 
for opening cans . . . while their wives are 
visiting in the east! No. 2921. 

Geo. Kiener and son say they don't 
mind their eating in a restaurant . . . 
but oh, how they dislike housework. So in 
every letter Mrs. Kiener receives in the 
east, here's what the boys of Bench think 
is in it: "Hurry home just as fast as you 
can!" No. 2930. 

Mr. Kuro won't have to hurry any 
longer to catch the 4:15 train for Los 
Angeles, as he has rented a home for his 
family in La Jolla. 

All the boys are also glad to see Adolph 
Germeinde return from the back country 
in the best of health. No. 2924. 

We have oil burners and Diesel burn- 
ers. Frank Morse, inspector, owned the 
former but decided to dispose of it when 
he found the right bargain in a Chrysler. 
He considered his oil problem solved, 
when lo and behold he discovered he 
owned a Diesel with greater oil-burning 
capacity! It looks like his next bargain 
will be a Buick. What a car! No. 292 5. 


Most people build a house and then 
pick out the extras they need or want. 
Bert Freakley is starting backwards. He 
has the chime-sounding doorbell, but no 
house or door to put it on. Let us hope 
he builds a house so he won't have to put 
the bell in his study room where he does 
his heavy thinking! 

New Low Prices on Kodaks 

Let us show you up-to-the- 
minute models that will 
increase your pride and skill 
in picture making 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc. 



At left: Various bearings used in aircraft installations. Large to small, they are: light duty (AS46), full type retainerless (Sl2), roller (R120J, i 
sealed with ball retainer (300), extra light unsealed with ball retainers (S-O). Front center: rod end-bearing unit (REB-3). The buffalo nickel gives an 
dication of their size. At right: most commonly used aircraft ball-bearings. Left to right Double row (DK5), felt seal light duty (KF5A) felt seal medii 
duty (KFS), unsealed light duty (AS43), medium duty (K5) and self-aligning KSS. 

Anti-Friction Bearings 

BACK in the good old days when man 
was not a slave to the machine some 
clever caveman discovered it was easier 
to drag a carcass over hard ground strewn 
with pebbles than it was to drag it over 
plain hard ground, for even then man had 
to pay a sales tax to friction every time 
he spent energy for motion. Later he em- 
ployed the same principle when he dragged 
his crude dugout up on the beach, using 
small logs as rollers. Later still some pre- 
historic genius pivoted the roller on a 
frame of sorts, and finally, some time be- 
fore the Year One, his successor added 
rollers in the hub of the wheel. Then the 
prototype of the wheels of industry be- 
gan to turn, for man had won a decisive 
victory in his continual battle to reduce 
friction. Rolling friction had replaced the 
much more exorbitant sliding friction. 

Today the anti-friction bearing is a 
compact assembly that embodies the same 
principles as that ancient wheel, and per- 
mits terrific speeds or tremendous loads 
without the payment of too great a tribute 
to friction. The roller-bearing, which con- 
sists essentially of rollers operating be- 
tween an inner ring and an outer ring, 
called races, is the most efficient load car- 
rier where the load is radial only. How- 
ever it does not serve for axial loads. 
The rollers would slide out, or if restrained, 
their ends would rub on the restraining 
surface, thereby introducing sliding fric- 

The annular bearing has been developed 
for axial or thrust loads. It consists of two 
plates perpendicular to the axis of rotation, 
with annular grooves to guide the balls 
that rotate between them. Balls replace 
the rollers in this application as the latter 

By T. A. PARKER, Ensr. Dept. 

will not roll around an arc without slip- 
page. However a ball can not carry as 
great a load as a roller of the same diameter, 
for it obviously has only point contact 
with its races instead of line contact. 

For combined radial and axial loads the 
most general type of bearing is similar to 
the roller bearing except that again the 
rollers are replaced with balls and the balls 
operate in grooves whose sectional radius 
is larger than that of the ball. The radial 
load is carried as in the roller bearing but 
the axial load causes the balls to tend to 
slip out until they are restrained by the 
edges of the grooves. The grooves are so 
proportioned that the ball still operates 
with a true rolling motion. 

This last style of bearing is the type 
most generally used in aircraft. Its load- 
carrying capacity is limited by the tend- 
ency of the ball to brinnel the races, that 
is, dent the surfaces. The brinnelling load 
is termined by an empirical formula 
based upon tests. In general the rating of 
a bearing is the maximum static non- 
brinnelling load, with a factor of safety 
included. It is calculated from the formula: 

Load— 5000 x No. of balls x (Diam. 
of ball)- 

In aircraft design where the actual load 
imposed is carefully analyzed and calcu- 
lated, it is permissible to reduce the factor 
of safety until it is more in conformity 
with factors throughout the ship, and the 
rating is consequently higher. However, 
when the speed of rotation is appreciable 
the static rating does not apply, for the 
allowable load must be considerably re- 
duced as the revolutions per minute in- 

A number of types of bearings have 
been standardized and are manufactured 
to the same specifications by various bear- 
ing companies. The most common of these 
in aircraft installations is the K series. It 
is a ball bearing with retainer rings that 
are added to seal lubricant in the ball space 
and to seal dirt out, consequently the bear- 
ing needs no further lubrication after it is 
first packed with grease when being as- 
sembled by the manufacturer. Its races 
are cadmium-plated and the retainers are 
made of stainless steel to prevent corrosion. 
Upon installation it is usually pressed 
into a housing and staked in place, that 
is, the housing material is deformed over 
the rim of the outer race, either with a 
prick punch in a few places or with a 
revolving tool that upsets the housing 
around the entire circumference of the 
bearing. If there is appreciable axial load 
on the bearing some more rugged means 
of holding it in place must be employed, 

A modification of the K series is the 
felt sealed or KF bearing. In addition to 
the steel retainers it has a thick felt washer 
that is an even more effective seal, and 
therefore the bearing better adapted to 
installations where it is subjected to ex- 
posure such as control surface hinges and 
other external pivots. 

Another type that has a special applica- 
tion is the self-aligning bearing, the KS. 
It is the same as the K except the outer race 
has a spherical outer contour that mates 
with an outer ring, also a part of the 
bearing assembly, and therefore permits a 
slight misalignment of the axis of the 
shaft with the axis of the housing. The 
bearing is used chiefly where the shaft 
varies with respect to the housing through 
the range of motion, as in the case of a 
push-pull rod whose ends do not operate 
in a common plane. 

June, 1939 

The KA series of bearings has the same 
features as the K, but is designed for 
hghter loads with the same bores, or shaft 
diameters, and therefore less weight and 
overall dimensions. Similarly the KB series 
is lighter still. This series has only recently 
been developed and is comparable with the 
A543 series, as shown in the illustration, 
except that it has retainer plates like the 
K and KA. The KH series is the heaviest 
and strongest of this style of bearing, but 
the KD which, as its symbol implies, has 
a double row of balls, is also a heavy duty 

The roller bearing, KR, is also a standard 
aircraft bearing, but a modified roller or 
needle bearing is more generally used. The 
needles are merely very small rollers and 
the bearing is most appropriate where the 
outside diameter is limited by lack of 
space and there is no thrust. 

The above basic types of bearings are 
further modified and combined to make 
the KFA, the KFD, the REB, etc., each 
with its special advantages, until the sym- 
bols are as confusing as the initials of the 
Federal agencies. In fact it has been ru- 
mored around the Engineering Department 
that the recently developed FHA greatly 
facilitates the rolling qualities of cart- 

In aircraft there is one predominant 
use of bearings, and that is in pulleys in 
cable control systems. The total number 
of bearings used in the model 28 flying 
boats for example, is 650, of which 270 
are in pulleys. The anti-friction bearings 
reduce only one kind of friction in such a 
control system. A great part of the drag in 
a cable circuit operating over pulleys is 
due to internal friction in the cables, 
which is the work necessary to bend the 
portion of the cable approaching the 
pulley and straighten it again as it leaves 
the pulley. Internal friction is greater 
when the radius of the bend is smaller so 
the obvious way to reduce the internal 
friction is to increase the pulley diameter. 
The ball bearing greatly reduces the fric- 
tion of the pulley revolving about its 
pivot, but it has no effect on the very 
appreciable friction in the cable. 

As the number of bearings used in the 
model 28 indicates, there are many effec- 
tive uses in aircraft. In other fields they 
are used in installations varying from 
slow massive mining machinery to small 
electric motors turning 48,000 rpm. The 
latest installation noted is in a tap dancer's 
shoe, where the bearing is used to facilitate 
tapping and turning. Wouldn't that appli- 
cation make our prehistoric genius green 
with envy? 


You don't have to go to a Machine 
Show to see the latest and most 
modern in new machine equipment. No, 
sir! All you have to do is stop down at 
our own shop and see all the newest ma- 

During the last month our new ma- 
chines have arrived and they are just 
about the last word in mechanical per- 
fection and streamlined design. 

The big Le Blond Gap Lathe can swing 
work up to 50 inches in diameter and 
has a sliding bed which enables work up 
to 13 feet long to be turned. Although this 
machine is able to do large work, it is so 
easily operated that it also can do small 
work with the ease of a smaller lathe. 

The Cincinnati Centerless Grinder can 
grind bolts, pins and general work when 
the outside diameter has a close tolerance, 
with speed and precision. 

The six spindle Avery Drill Press has a 
capacity of drilling 1 '74 holes and has 
automatic feeds for each spindle. 

The Murchey Threading Machine can 
thread from 54 to 1 J/2 S. A. E. and from 
!4 to 1 U. S. S. threads in steel. The die 
head being of much heavier and sturdier 
construction, combined with the precision 
of the lead screw, will enable us to get 
precision threads regardless of size. By 
running jobs of the same thread with one 
setting of the die head, this machine will 
eliminate duplicating die head setups on 
the turret lathes and thereby lower pro- 
duction costs. 

The most fascinating and the fastest 
production machines are the three new 
Brown and Sharpe, and the two new 
Cleveland automatic screw machines. 
These machines can cover a range of work 
from 1/16 to 2^4 in diameter and are 
almost human in the manner in which the 
operations are performed. They will do op- 
erations such as turning, threading, drill- 
ing, cross drilling and screw slotting, all 

At the present time the machine shop 
equipment alone includes: turret lathes, 
automatic screw machines, engine lathes; 
horizontal, hand and vertical mills, pro- 
filers, broaching machines, speed lathes. 
2, 4 and 6 spindle drill presses, single 
spindle high speed drill presses, heavy duty 
drill presses, tool grinders, external 
grinders, centerless grinders. Threading 
machines, radical drill presses. 

We are proud of our Machine Shop, 
and justly so, because we feel that we 
have a shop that is as modern and well 
equipt as any on the west coast. 

Dan Miller. 


THE Rod and Reel Club held their 
annual spring hard times dance at 
Sunnyside, Saturday night. May 20th. A 
most hilarious time was had by the fish- 
ermen and the lady folk as they danced 
to music fit for a king by our own 
Leonard King and his orchestra. There 
were one hundred fifty-four present. 

Highlights of the evening were: Presi- 
dent Chuck Hibert in a pirate's out- 
fit trying to capture the women by 
stealing their hats . . . Hank Golem lead- 
ing off in the jitterbug contest which was 
won by the Joneses in a "photo finish" 
which showed Mrs. Harry McEwan and 
Orville Koleman jittering into a close 2d. 
.... Hank Liegel doing his usual bar- 
room numbers, only all alone this time 
singing softly to Roese who for some un- 
known reason was quiet for a change. 

Willie Roamer the roamer sure done 
some roamin' in the gloamin' trying to 
find Sunnyside. He drove 49 miles thither 
and yon between San Diego and Sunny- 
side. . . . Roy Hartmeyer and Al Butzen 
won first and second door prizes respec- 
tively and Mrs. Harry McEwan and Glenn 
Hotchkiss took away the costume prizes. 
. . . Bud "Tarzan" Buffat as usual had a 
girl friend on each arm most of the even- 
ing and by his big smile you could see he 
was having the time of his life. 

The club will sponsor a two-day fish- 
ing party during the month at Ensenada, 
Lower California, on Beautiful Todos 
Santos Bay. The m/s Mirrita will be 
chartered for fishing around the Todos 
Santos islands off Banda Point. Details 
will be announced later. 

Answer to the "Fish Story" . . . the 
fish was 71 inches long. 


Complete Automotive Servicing 
witli Precision Workmansliip 

1454 Union St. 

Franklin 2965 San Diego 

Phone Jackson 201 1 Chick Runyon 
" The Blind Man " 



University Window Shade Co. 

102.3 University Avenue 


Left: Eddie Raymond in charge of the punch 
presses lines up a louver die as Sheet Foreman Henry 
Liegel looks on. Center: a general view of a portion 
of the Sheet Department. Right: "Scotty" Jim 
McCartney, Connie Seaderquist and "Red" Kimble 
straighten out a problem with the cowl flap ring. 

A COMPLETED flying boat is some- 
thing big, beautiful and graceful to 
behold. Seldom is its construction an- 
alyzed or its thousands of small details 
considered. Yet, without these carefully 
designed and completed important items 
we would have no modern airplanes. Little 
would be gained if light-weight materials 
were not utilized to their best advantage. 
To gain this end, thousands of sheet metal 
parts must not only be ingeniously de- 
signed to perform to their maximum ca- 
pacity but they must also be accurately 
built to assure satisfactory assembly and 

To the Sheet Department is entrusted 
the job of producing not only these thou- 
sands of details but, in many cases, their 
assembly into complete units as well. 

Men make departments and men pro- 
duce results. It is with this thought in 
mind that we take a trip through the 
Sheet Department and meet some of these 

First of all, we want you to meet the 
man in charge of this large department. 
He in Henry Liegel, and from the mo- 
ment you meet him he's "Hank" from 
then on, just because he's that sort of 

Hank was born in Lancaster, New 
York, and after attending school in that 
city, became an apprentice coremaker 
with the Gould Coupler Company. He 
soon moved to Buffalo, joined the Pierce 
Arrow Motor Car Company, and handled 
body detail production there for several 
years. This was all in the days before huge 
presses; when skilled hands were neces- 
sary to turn out the sleek-looking chariots 
of by-gone days. 

In 1912 Hank moved over to Curtiss 


and worked in every department on the 
first production planes that company pro- 
duced. He also saw service with Elias and 
Hall Aircraft before coming to Con- 
solidated in 1931. He advanced to his 
present position the hard way. Having 
started on the bench, he worked up 
through the layout, pattern making, and 
tool making departments. His smooth- 
running department reflects his cool 
thoroughness of disposition. 

Assisting Hank is Eddie Voekle, who 
had several years' experience in varied ca- 
pacities at both Curtiss and Hall Aircraft 
corporations before coming to Consoli- 
dated. Helping to keep things moving 
smoothly as Eddie does is no small job, 
when one considers the diversity of pro- 
duction requirements and the complex 
nature of some of the assemblies being 

The Sheet Department covers a tre- 
mendous amount of floor space and is 
equipped with all types of modern sheet 
metal working equipment. Many of the 
machines were designed here and built in 
our own Tool Room. 

First of all, we enter the screened-in 
cutting room, equipped with every type 
of sheet metal cutting device known. 
Here one can see two rows of metal 
cutting table saws of various sizes, shears 
of all types capable of handling the long- 
est stock size of sheet material available, 
band saws, nibblers, and the long row of 
shapers with their whirling cutters turn- 
ing out irregular shaped details in record 

In charge of this important unit is Al 
Ballard, who has advanced to his present 
position after many years in various ca- 
pacities with Consolidated. We might add 
here that we think his safety record in a 
department where the paramount rule is 
safety first is quite enviable. 

It is in this unit of the Sheet Depart- 
ment that all material orders are filled 
with correct required materials. Keeping 
the various types and conditions of 
materials in order is no small job. Al is 
assisted in this duty by Claude Rowe, 
who can generally tell at a glance what 
amount of any given size material he has 
on hand. 

Just outside of the cutting room you 
will see the large area covered by rows 
of punch presses, and prowling around 
them and observing their operation is 
Eddie Raymond of "Why Does" fame. 
Eddie is one of the early bird Consoli- 
dators and, besides running these presses, 
is just about the world's greatest por- 
trayer of "touching stories." His original 
masterpiece entitled, "A Man Had a Dol- 
lar and Bought a Drum" is never for- 
gotten once it is explained to you. 

If you think all a punch press does is 
to punch a hole in a piece of metal, you 
should see what Eddie and his men are 
called upon to do. Here a press is doing 
a s wagging job on the end of a control 
tube. Another is driving a burnishing tool 
through a bushing whose dimension must 
be accurately held. Still another is doing 
a deep drawing job in what will eventu- 
ally be a gas-tight corner of a wing tank. 
Others are cutting blanks, making wash- 
ers, forming small slips and hundreds of 
other jobs. Keeping things moving is 
Eddie's job. He turns in a fine job, much 
better than some of the stories he tells. 

In another section are rows of multiple 
presses punching out complete rows of 
holes in extruded sections in one operation 
and brakes that can form the longest 
lengths of stock required in our current 

In still another corner of the depart- 
ment is a large group of card files, with 
every tool or template used in manufac- 

June, 1939 

L Jli X s\. La . . . By Larry Boei 


turing sheet details recorded in them. 
The workers draw out the tools as needed, 
an accurate check is maintained at all 
times as to just where the tool is being 
used. This work is taken care of by the 
most logical man to do the job, the man 
who lays out and makes these tools, "Red" 
Kimbal. Dick Bartlett assists him in his 
work, as well as in handling the elaborate 
record file. 

When you look at a finished airplane, 
you cannot help but admire the smooth, 
sleek lines it presents. This is due to care- 
fully built cowling covering the mass of 
details of engines, engine-mounts, oil 
tanks, and miscellaneous equipment. But 
no longer is cowling just a covering as 
it once was. In today's airplanes it per- 
forms a much greater duty. To begin 
with, it makes the air entering the power 
unit area do just about anything the de- 
signer, or later, the pilot, wants it to do. 
Incorporated in the cowling behind the 
nose ring are flaps to restrict the amount 
of air passing the engine or to permit a 
larger amount to enter. In some cases, the 
cowl is manipulated in such a manner that 
units of it become platforms on which 
men working on the engines may stand. 
All these units must be interchangeable, 
and manufacturing them is no small job. 
To "Connie" Seaderquist is entrusted the 
work of overseeing the building of all cowl 
details. Need we suggest more than that 
you remember your last look at a PBY 
cowl and give due credit to "Connie" and 
his crew. Connie is another old-time air- 
craft worker, having started work in 
Buffalo with Curtiss and switching over 
to Consolidated about seven years ago. He 
likes horses but never rides them — but 
how they ride him sometimes! 

Some folks forget that there is more 
to flying an airplane than getting it 
through the air. In many cases it is nec- 

essary to get the air through various parts 
of the airplane. For instance, the engine 
uses a tremendous amount of air which 
must be directed into an arrangement of 
air intake chute and preheater when re- 
quired. Chutes and deflectors must be in- 
cluded to cool the oil in the oil radiators. 
These and other similar details as well as 
fairing are made up by "Scotty" Mc- 
Cartney. "Scotty" turned to Sheet Metal 
work after serving four years in France 
with the British Cavalry. He can boast of 
many years of aircraft work. 

The last group of boys included in the 
Sheet Department are headed by Al John- 
son and Joe Merk, and it seems all the 
oversize jobs are saved for this pair. They 
are responsible for the details and fabrica- 
tions of such larger units as food lockers, 
radio tables, bomb racks, hatch door and 
water-tight door assemblies, etc. 

Joe and Al just sort of grew up to- 
gether, were separated a few times, but 
are together again. Joe was with the 
Martin Company in Cleveland and later 
in Baltimore. He also spent several years 
with Fairchild at Hagerstown, Maryland, 
before coming to Consolidated. 

Al spent many years with the Martin 
Company and most of it in supervising 
capacities. He handled many first jobs 
at that time which included the first all- 
metal ships ever built. Later he had charge 
of the Sheet Metal Department at Great 
Lakes that included the manufacture of 
both riveted and welded fuel tanks. 

To close this article without mention- 
ing the shining soul who can arrange 
nbout anything the department needs, 
from a "handout" to a mess of detail 
parts, would be a serious omittance. We 
could not — we cannot think of the Sheet 
Department without thinking of "Lugi" 
Miller, the man who is just a step ahead. 
Keeping this large department's orders 

L. Wade, Emil Heckman and Geo. Turner start 
to work on the power hammer. Center; Harold 
Keeyes and Al Ballard at the 14-foot shear. Right: 
A. R. Johnson and Eddie Voelkle at work over an 
instrument panel, Joe Merk with the water-tight 

and materials straightened out and seeing 
that parts are routed through to meet 
production schedule is "Lugi's" job. 

In a building all by itself are housed 
the noisy bumping hammers that are used 
to form large sections of plating and 
other similar details. Handling this 
phase of the Sheet Metal Department is 
Emil Heckman, who brought to Consoli- 
dated the skill he gathered while making 
body details for custom built Pierce- 
Arrow and Cunningham automobiles. 
This work is highly interesting to watch, 
and in some cases the finished part has to 
be formed with curves reversed in what 
looks like six different directions. Such 
operations require the skill of a seasoned 
metal worker because it is impossible to 
do metal bumping without the complete 
understanding of just what is happening 
to the metal under the fast moving ham- 
mer head. 

That just about completes the story of 
the men who guide the Sheet Department, 
but we cannot forget that larger group 
of men behind the benches who, through 
years of experience and training, manage 
to interpret correctly and highly effi- 
ciently the work requirements of modern 
aircraft manufacturing and turn out jobs 
anyone could be proud of. 

There is just as much beauty in a com- 
pleted modern airplane or flying boat as 
one could find anywhere, and if credit can 
be laid to the fact that the men who pro- 
duce the parts are artists in their own 
field, let's think of it in that hght. 

When you get right down to the root 
of the meaning of the word "succeed", 
you find that it simply means to follow 
through.— F. W. Nichol. 



Bowlers: Farnsworth, LeVere, Coughlin, Galley, Hanzllk, Brooks, Gerber, 




^^ Team Won Lost 

t'TTVT ^C T CJ '■ Experimental 64 17 

X XXN ^^ * ■*-' 2. Tube Benders 59 22 

3. Wing S9 22 

4. Production 57 24 

5. Machine Shop 56 25 

Consolidated bowlers have completed g. Hull No. 1 54 27 

another year of league competition and ''• S^^'^t Metal 51 30 

11 J 1 1 L 8. Final Assembly 47 34 

when the rewards were hung up, the boys 9 h 11 N 2 47 34 

from Experimental ran away with the 10. Maintenance 46 3 5 

Major League Crown with their 64 wins. *S 

In the Engineers' League the Equipment Team ami Player -F.A. H.S. 

I *(T- 1 »» *-^ I I- » T I- Mainteuance 

teams beat out rather Coughhn s Lort ^ Erickson 153 523 

gang by just one game. The good "Padre" M. Clutinger 148 522 

just about walked away with everything C- Morton 154 5S3 

else but the pin boys' jackets though. He ^ Grandstedt 155 5 42 

hit a 240 for the high single game, holds Tube Benders 

a season's average of 173 and a high three Eph Minch 152 553 

, , ?„^ „ . , . , , . Joe Maloney 149 5 16 

game total 01 595. some pm pokm wed l Bender 142 490 

say! Al Ballard 150 538 

_, J ,,T- • .. 1111 Bert Freakley 141 585 

Ihe good rnar arranged both ban- ^ ^ j^ake 151 5 33 

quets and acted as master of ceremonies Whig 

at both of 'em. The Major league did Steve Smith 166 593 

1 . „ , , ... „ ' fj u-n Leo Danner 166 630 

their dough sphttmg at tmerald Hills ^^ ^ Armstrong isi 5 22 

and were honored with Major and Mrs. Paul Di Giulio 153 532 

Reuben H. Fleet and Mr. and Mrs. James J- E. Edwards 170 633 

,, txpernnental 

Kelly as guests. R.Wright 164 579 

The somewhat swanky pencil pushers ^- J^'^'^^o" "" '*'2 

1 „ , L 11 J r J Ed Hanzlik 148 523 

ate at the bavoy cause they liked seaiood £j Lang 164 5 62 

and then everybody ate T-Bone steaks . . . Ward Levere 159 5 52 

well, everybody but "Deacon" Seabold ^''"'' Assembly 

, r \ 1-1 It.. 1 C. Rosso 139 479 

who refused a cocktail and the good ^ Brennan 143 S06 

Father" made him eat wieners and kraut Russell Mount 146 523 

. 1 i- ,rc . T I.- Gene Tibbs 147 507 

lust to keep him difterent. Trophies were „ , \,, 

1 -1 1 .. 1 ,» Machine Shop 

presented to Mike Brooks and "Father' Louis Peters I60 572 

Coughlin for their high averages in both Carl Heim 159 576 

1"S"«- . „ JoeBraun 167 596 

"Jim Sheila." Ed Rodgers 161 562 

Whitney and Seabold. 

Hull No. 1 

Bud Shimmin 147 502 

George Wire 15 3 5 31 

Al Leonard 140 484 

Fred Grossher 141 495 

Michael Brooks 176 592 


J. E. Wilkinson 15 6 5 8 3 

Roy Coykendall 15 3 5 67 

Tom Jones 150 5 60 

W. N. Liddle 163 563 

Arnold Sprenger 173 585 

Harvey Muck 160 5 74 

Sheet Metal 

B. Dufify 155 555 

Ed Banks 150 538 

A. H. Kimble 144 522 

Al F. Rohloff 158 544 

Irving Craig 171 570 

Hull No. 2 

A. Clark 143 515 

James Stevens 142 493 

Harry McEwan 148 530 

George Landy 139 488 

Ted Pawlicki 158 590 

H. W. Roese 132 434 

»- F.A. — Final Average. H.S. — High Series. 


1. Mike Brooks, Hull No. 1 176 

2. Arnold Sprenger, Production 173 

3. Irving Craig, Sheet Metal 171 

4. J. Edwards, Wing 170 

5. Joe Braun, Machine Shop 167 


1. J. Edwards, Wing 633 

2. Leo Danner, Wing 630 

3. Joe Braun, Machine Shop 596 

4. Steve Smith, Wing 593 

5. Mike Brooks, Hull No. 1 592 



Team Won Lost 

1. Equipment 36 24 

2. Loft 35 25 

3. Armament 31 29 

June, 1939 


4. Hu 


5. Power Plant 25 35 

6. General 24 3 6 

Team a»;,/ Phyer •'F.A. H.S. 

H. Isham 149 5 17 

Fowler 144 517 

Carlson 114 392 

Dormoy 15 6 519 


T. J. Couglilin 173 595 

Learman 138 48 3 

Devlin 135 481 

Halvorsen 148 494 


Clayton 151 507 

Kirk 153 5 30 

Waite 128 481 

Schurr 130 473 

Ring 153 484 

Power Plant 

MacDougall 158 591 

Whittaker 153 520 

Gorman 139 462 

Stevens 136 467 


Abels 154 545 

Stacey 152 526 

Ekrem 143 528 

Thompson 115 400 


Seabold 166 560 

Whitney 146 5 12 

Farnsworth 157 573 

Gerber 119 449 


1. T. J. Coughlin, Loft 173 

2. Seabold, Equipment 166 

3. Macdougall, Power Plant 158 

4. Farnsworth, Equipment 157 

5. Dormoy, Hull 156 


1. Coughlin, Loft 5 95 

2. Macdougall, Power Plant 5 91 

3. Farnsworth, Equipment 573 

4. Seabold, Equipment 5 60 

5. Abels, General 545 



1. Coughlin, Loft 240 

2. Fowler, Hull 23 5 


By Connie Seaderqtiht 
Bill SherrifF of our department is in 
Mercy Hospital recovering from a slight 
operation. We expect to see Bill back to 
work on the 4th of June. Hurry back. 
We miss your cheerful smiles. 

G. Caldwell, No. 1721. 
Mr. Wade of sheet metal is swapping 
his Western teeth (open spaces) for a set 
of Starr teeth (come out at night). 

A. Hutter, No. 1758. 

Al Hutter of the Sheet Dept. is now 

the proud grandfather of a bouncing 8 

lb. baby boy. Daughter and Grandson are 

doing fine. . . . "Hi, Gramp!" 

C. Seaderquist. 
P.S. As this issue is distributed, Connie 
Seaderquist is enjoying himself at Cata- 
lina Island! 


cent magazine article, averred that 
if he were 2 1 he would turn to a mechani- 
cal job to get his start, stating also that 
while he probably would want a college 
education today (there were few colleges 
when he gained his start), he would not 
let this college training interfere with his 
gaining a thorough first hand experience 
in the practical mechanical skills. He lays 
particular credit at the feet of his early 
mechanical training and the knowledge he 
gained when he started in this country as 
an immigrant boy. 

There is nothing humble about a first 
grade mechanic, he states, for the top rank 
skilled mechanic is still, in his opinion, 
the most sought after and most inde- 
pendent man you can find. The American 
standard of living depends more on the 
skill of our mechanics, than on any other 
class or factor. Those, briefly, are the 
views of Knudsen, and he ought to know 
whereof he speaks, for he started in as a 
mechanic and is now President of Gen- 
eral Motors. 

And Consolidated, attuned to this same 
general principle, is providing, in a ma- 
terial way, the opportunity for getting 
into the mechanical side of aviation thru 
close and active participation in the ad- 
vancement of the recently formed San 
Diego Vocational High School. This work 
is going on quietly, though with surprising 
progress, under the direction of Donald 
Frye, our Director of Personnel, J. S. Bur- 
ney and John Waskey who act as ad- 
visors to the Vocational School Supt. Don, 
incidentally, recently took a vacation . . . 
and spent the whole time burning the mid- 
night oil as a technical advisor for the 
National Youth Administration in the 
production of an occupational study of 
the aircraft industry of California en- 
titled: "Aircraft Manufacturing in Cali- 
fornia." The acknowledgment of this 
analysis states in part, "Without Mr. 
Frye's helpful suggestions and generous 
contribution of time the preparation of 
this work would not have been possible." 

The school has its own building at 
State and Market Streets ... a four-story 
building and basement which had been 
reworked and remodeled and now re- 
sembles a factory. On the fourth floor it 
resembles a portion our own plant for this 
is devoted exclusively to aircraft train- 
ing. The opportunities afforded here are 
of two basic kinds: One is the opportun- 
ity for those who have had no experience 
in aircraft work, the second for those who 

have had experience and are wishing to 
advance with the industry. The former 
group classes meet during the day, the 
latter at night. Thus is available training 
for self-advancement for the newcomer 
to aviation and the old-timer who desires 
to raise his working ability. Consolidated, 
thru the loaning of equipment, and par- 
ticularly the services of our trained men 
as instructors and teachers, has literally 
opened the "Knudsen door" so to speak, 
in presenting these opportunities to learn 
the mechanics of aviation. Already our 
men serving as instructors in the night 
classes include: A. D. Adkinson, Larry 
Boeing, Albert J. Dolan, K. H. Achter- 
kirchen, Chas. L. Hibert, A. R. Johnson, 
J. W. Van Doren, Raymond Craft. Walter 
Lacey, now associated full time with the 
San Diego Vocational School, was a mem- 
ber of Consolidated. In addition Gilbert 
A. Barnikel and Edward D'Amico will be 
on leave of absence to devote their full 
time to the instruction of riveters, a field 
of aircraft mechanics in which it is felt 
there will be a particular need in the near 
future. Classes will run thru the summer 
to fit men for this work. Aircraft classes 
now running include: Welding, Sheet 
Metal, Riveting, Layout, Machine Shop, 
Aircraft Electrical, Blueprint Reading, 
Tool Design, Aircraft Drafting, Aircraft 
Engines, General Aircraft Mechanics. 

For information relative to these classes 
inquire at the Personnel Office, or directly 
at the San Diego Vocational High School 
at 348 West Market. The school is a unit 
of the San Diego School system. 

''Let's Get 



Aviation Ethyl, "Flying A" 

Cycol and Veedol 
Motor Oils 


Factory Specified 



An Irishman doing a hauling job was 
told he could not get his money until he 
had submitted a statement. After much 
meditation he evolved the following: 
""Three comes, and three goes. At four 
bits a went, $3.00." — Exchange. 

Overheard from two lads who were 
strolling in the park. Says the first one, 
"I think that fellow over there is about 
to propose to his girl. Let's whistle so we 
won't appear to be listening." Replies the 
second one, indignantly, "No, sir, nobody 
whistled to warn me." 


• By service we mean 
honest and efficient 
treatment willingly ren- 
dered to every customer 

Directly across from the 
plant — we offer special 
attention to Consoli- 

Free parking — complete 
automotive service. 

Flying Red Horse Service 



1. what identification mark is used on 
A 17s Aluminum Alloy rivets? 

2. The letters C. A. A. stand for what? 

3. Who is the high ranking naval officer 
recently designated for the position of 
chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics? 

4. What term is used when sliding side- 
wise away from the center of curvature 
when turning in an airplane? 

5. Name a form of aircraft, heavier than 
air, deriving its chief support and pro- 
pelling force from flapping wings. 

6. What temperature is commonly used 
in annealing aluminum alloys? 

7. What term is used in referring to the 
tail surfaces of an airplane? 

8. Name two eastern aircraft concerns 
that recently consolidated. 

9. What is a longitudinal member called 
that is placed between ribs, frames or 

10. The world's largest air-cooled aero- 
nautical engines are being used in a plane, 
by what corporation in the U. S.? 
(Answers Page 16) 

By D. R. Kern. 


Our friend T. L. Powers, No. 4143, 
who sent his wife back east to show 
Grandmas and Grandpas that babies are 
just as nice nowadays, as they were when 
fhey were babies, will enjoy the rhyme 
below . . . also any others who are at- 
tempting to keep Bachelor's Hall. 

"There are dishes all over the table, 
There are grease spots adorning the wall. 
There is no room in the sink and often I 
think, the cupboard is messy and small. 
The icebox is loaded with nothings; A wee 
bit of this and of that. The pork chops 
curl up at the corners. The darn things 
are always too fat. If I try to be happy 
and whistle, the strains echo back thru 
the room, and everything 'round the cot- 
tage is deeply enshrouded in gloom. 

The furniture seems topsy-turvy and 
newspapers litter the floor, and believe it 
or not; I almost forgot, a dust path that 
leads toward the door! She's a long way 
from home and my thoughts want to roam 
to be with her each day and each hour. 
'Cause my heart's in a whirl over that 
little girl. . . . Gosh darn it, I spilled all 
the flour. She's been gone a few days, and 
my mind's in a haze since the morning 
she hustled away. And I know a male 
cook, who is soon going to look like the 
shadow of something passe." 

Bill Gilchrist. 

""Busy people are never busybodies." 


WE welcome back to Consolidated, 
Francis T. Moonert, Principal In- 
spector of the Army Procurement Di- 
vision. Frank Moonert, as he is known to 
his many friends at Consolidated, was a 
senior inspector here for the Army until 
early in 1937 when he was transferred to 
North American Aviation as assistant co 
Major Hurd, Army representative of the 
latter company. 

Moonert was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and in 1919 graduated from the Univ. of 
Dayton as a structural engineer. His early 
association with Consolidated was in 1929 
when he supervised the 0-19 airplanes. 
At the conclusion of this contract he 
was assigned to the Curtiss Airplanes and 
Motor Corp., serving there until 1934. 
Then he was again assigned for inspection 
work at Consolidated during the produc- 
tion of the P-30s, which later were desig- 
nated as PB2s. In following thru on this 
work he came to California with Con- 
solidated in 1935. 

During his recent absence from Con- 
solidated, Moonert was advanced from 
Senior to Principal Inspector, the posi- 
tion he now holds. His duties in San Diego 
this time are much enlarged as he will 
not only oversee the procurement in- 
spection phases of our own Army contract 
work, but will be in charge of inspec- 
tion of Army procurements from Solar 
Aircraft and Ryan Aeronautical as well. 
Congratulations on your advancement, 
Moonert, and welcome back to Consoli- 
dated for a long stay! 

It has been learned that: Leo J. Halpin 
of Final Assembl)' and Agnes Jewel took 
a trip to Yuma on Easter Sunday . . . 
and were married at 4:00 p.m. Con- 

June, 1939 

Production Minutes... 

By "Brad" Bradshaiv 

I HAVE learned that by being absent 
on a vacation for two weeks, sure puts 
a fellow in a tough spot in getting first- 
hand information on the escapades of the 
lads around the shop. 

One thing the Production Department 
produces, is the monthly hero and this 
time it turns out to be our old pal, 
Ted Anderson, who braved the raging 
surf to drag out a fair damsel caught in 
an undertow. We don't know whether she 
was blond or brunet. Anyway, Ted is still 
married to Kay, but what a swell chance 
for unattached Eddie Kellogg who was in 
the party, but was probably chasing one 
of the dry land beauties up the beach. 

We don't know just what part of "them 
thar hills" little Gracie Koenig hails from, 
but just like the rest of us she feels like 
she's caught in a trap with shoes on, and 
so takes 'em off and works in comfort. 
Everything was fine until the "office 
practical joker" decided to hide them 
which worried Gracie no end at the 
thought of getting her toes stepped on in 
the noontime rush for the exits. But due 
to her keen sense of smell or direction, she 
found them just in time. 

The racquet swingers who blast a ball 
here and there with the inside parts of our 
deceased feline friends are having a chance 
to do their stuff on the courts. Eddie Kel- 
logg, pride of Spares Department, and 
all around sportsman of both the outdoor 
and parlor variety is in charge of arrang- 
ing tennis play and wishes to inform those 
who believe it a sissy game because of the 
pretty white panties worn, to come out 
and change their minds. It will be both 
beneficial to the waistline as well as boost- 
ing your stock with the beautiful females 
who just adore men who can "swing" 
gracefully. To date. Bill Liddle has the 
"cutest ensemble" but will probably meet 
with some keen competition. 

Ben Kiegle, Leo Bourden's number one 
aide in the Welding Department has 
headed for Buffalo for a vacation and a 
new automobile. They say he broke down 
completely when they finally tore him 
loose from the wheel of that "28" Ford 
and dragged it away. Must have been a 
feeling like taking "pappy" away to be 
executed. Better put a 15-^ile governor 
on the new buggy, Ben, or show up with 
a new record for cross-country time if 
you can keep her from "rearin'." 

Since moving to his new location in 

Planning, Tom Jones has put in a protest 
that the pan put by his desk is too small 
to wash in properly and that he can only 
get in one foot at a time. For your in- 
formation, Tom, that pan is for "expector- 
ation purposes only" and is commonly 
called a "gaboon" by people who do not 
show respect for the King's English. Roy 
Coykendall says, "If Tom keeps using it 
as a wash basin, I will be forced to wear 
my wading boots to work." 

Craig Clark, who does the dispatching 
for the Finish wants all rush jobs to be 
accompanied with a "crying towel" when 
Ross Dillings is short of help. Craig claims 
that this will save him a lot of trouble and 
as soon as Ross takes a "short cry" he feels 
much better and will give you excellent 
service. To all this we expect Ross to 
say "Pooey to all dispatchers, I hate 'em 
to pieces." 

Since Lou Miller and "Chuck" Mc- 
Manus have been working together in 
Sheet, the Production has slowed up a bit 
but the difficulties will be ironed out as 
soon as they reach an agreement and each 
doesn't try to hog all the work. Now 
every time a job comes out Lou says "Mac, 
old pal, I will handle this and you rest," 
but Mac insists, "No, Lou, you are work- 
ing much too hard, I will do it." So on 
through the day and the order lies on 
the desk. 

If Ed Stewart doesn't watch out, he is 
apt to lose two of his ace employees as 
Kirby Higdon and John Bucahn are very 
much concerned over the life of a sailor 
after hearing Stone, fellow-worker, relate 
his tales of "A Night in Brooklyn with 
the Fleet." 

Sam Galasco, Hull clerk tells us that 
the life of a pick and shovel worker is a 
picnic compared to getting "2" square 
shank bolts made in the shop for Freddy 
Grosser. "Bill Liddle and Dan Miller gave 
me all the cooperation possible," says Sam, 
"but I couldn't get any results." Sam will 
probably hand in his resignation when he 
goes after a rush job for a "bucket of 
rivet holes" or a "Hull stretcher" and 
has Glenn Hotchkiss pushing him for the 

It is an actual fact that the fair sex 
spends more money on rouge than the 
oil industry spends on tank paint. It gets 
results, however! Whoever heard of a man 
going out on a date with a 10,000 barrel 


I have a car ... it never breaks down, 
never skids. It never gets a puncture. It 
never gives me trouble on steep grades 
and it never gets overheated. It has never 
got me into a collision or an accident of 
any kind. I do wish I could start it! 

A piscatorial expert tells us, that there 
are fish in the sea that can travel faster 
than an express train. We might also 
mention that there are others in auto- 
mobiles who just think they can. 

If you must get married on a slender 
salary, however, be sure to pick a girl 
with a small waste. 

£as/7y VVorffi $770 

6.2 Cu. Ft. 


An amazing value! Has interior 
light! Vegetable drawer! ShelF area 
is 12.10 sq. ft.! Food Guardian! 63 
cubes, 6 lbs. oF ice. 

Pay Only $5 a Month 

Down Payment and 
Carrying Charges 


B St. at 8th Ave. • Phone F-7781 




By Bouley 

It's a doggone crime 
To skip our rhyme 
But we just ain't there 
During overtime. 

WE don't know whether we are a 
bit abashed in the presence of so 
many new faces or whether our operatives 
are all trying frantically to keep what 
friends they have left. At any rate our 
news this month is about as scarce as 
noon loungers on pay-day. Even our old 
standby, the Marriage and Carriage de- 
partment has practically failed to func- 

By the way, if Tag Gorman happens to 
hand out this issue of the CotnoUdator, 
just notice the squared shoulders and 
swelled chest. For he strolled around to 
the church one Sunday afternoon and 
quicker than it takes to tell it Miss Jeanne 
Eleanor Weymiller became Mrs. T. An- 
thony Gorman. 

Much space in this column recently has 
been devoted to newlyweds and infants. 
Digressing for the moment we would like 
to acknowledge Charley Yater's silver 
wedding anniversary which was cele- 
brated last month. Charley says it's all in 


You can see the best, 
most original display oF 


ever assembled in one 
place . . . Students from 
three high schools built 
Models for the Village 
at our Main Plant at 
14th and K Streets. 



14th and K Streets 

EI Centre, Brawley, Oceanside 

living right and playing golf. We agree 
that the average man doesn't argue much 
with his wife while he is playing golf, so 
if a fellow could just play it enough . . . 

For some time we have considered dis- 
closing some facts about several of the 
quiet fellows in the Engineering Depart- 
ment who apparently do most of their 
talking at home. But when we put some 
names in a hat and the first one drawn 
read "King Kong Koughlin" we gave up. 
Have you ever seen those flowers on Tom's 
desk wilt when he really gets going? Get- 
ting back to the silent ones, Dick Mc- 
Creight, the Sage of the Ozarks, chose to 
do a little deep-sea fishing several weeks 
ago, but he was rather evasive about his 
results. When he was finally pinned down 
concerning his catches, he stated that the 
weather was rough and, being a Mis- 
sourian, he was pitching instead of catch- 
ing. After the boat docked Dick decided 
he was being followed by two men. When 
h: finally reached the fish market the men 
followed him right in, but they turned 
out to be Etienne Dormoy and Hank 
Growald, also there on business. 

Leo Bowen, the man who never reads 
a newspaper less than a month old, pulled 
an Ekrem the other day when he locked 
his keys in the car with the engine and 
radio running and went to work. Unhke 
Cliff, he had another set of keys in his 
pocket when he was informed of his 

A young fellow in our Stress Depart- 
ment went calling at Del Mar one recent 
evening, and he took Clarence (Sultan) 
Gerber along to entertain his girl friend's 
girl friend. We personally think Gerber 
went along on a dare. When they arrived 
I he extra girl turned out to be five comely 
co-eds. Since Gerber was too far away 
from home to back out he made the best 
of it and entertained the gals for hours 
with tall tales of life in Colfax, Wash- 
ington and San Antonio, Texas, which 
represent the ends of the earth to Clar- 
ence. When it was time to leave Gerber 
had to be coaxed away and now several 
mothers around Albatross Street are dis- 
mayed since Clarence is no longer satisfied 
to come and watch their children while 
they go out for the evening. 

So until next month, fellows, stand 
back from the elevator — here comes "Dag- 
wood" Taber! 

Mike: "I've got my doubts about this 

Ike: "Let's try it on Joe. He's sick any- 




Headed "Soliloquy on Silos", the fol- 
lowing was printed in "The Observer", 
ship's paper of the U.S.S. Lexington, with 
an "editor's note" that the statement was 
turned in by a seaman to explain why he 
was overleave, and that names and dates 
are changed for obvious reasons. Except 
for these deviations, the statement is re- 
peated as it was submitted: 

Sept. 20, 1937 
From: R. E. Wilson, S2c, U.S. Navy. 
To: Commanding Officer. 
Via: Division Officer 1st Division. 
Subject: Overleave, reason for. 

On Sept. 7, 1937, I left the ship on 
ten days leave at my brother's farm in 
Cobblerock, Ark. 

On Sept. 10 my brother's barn burned 
down, all except the brick silo which was 
damaged at the top by the bolt of lightning 
which started the fire. 

On Sept. 11 he decided to repair the 
silo right away because he had to get his 
corn in it. I was going to help him. 

I rigged a barrel hoist to the top of the 
silo so that the necessary bricks could be 
hoisted to the top of the silo where the re- 
pair work was going on. Then we hauled 
up several hundred brick. This later turned 
out to be too many bricks. 

After my brother got all the brick work 
repaired there was still a lot of brick at 
the top of the silo on the working plat- 
form we had built. I said I would take it all 
down below. So I climbed down the ladder 
and hauled the barrel all the way up. Then 
I secured the line with sort of a slip knot 
so I could undo it easier later. 

Then I climbed back up the ladder and 
piled bricks into the barrel until it was 

I climbed back down the ladder. Then 
I untied the line to let the brick down. 
However, I found the barrel of brick 
heavier than I was and when the barrel 
started down, I started up. I thought of 
letting go, but by that time I was so far 
up I thought it would be safer to hang on. 

Half-way up, the barrel hit me on the 
shoulder pretty hard but I still hung on. 

I was going pretty fast at the top and 
bumped my head. My fingers also got 
pinched in the pulley block. However, at 
the same time the barrel hit the ground and 
the bottom fell out of it, letting all the 
brick out. 

I was then heavier than the barrel and 
started down again. I got burned on the 
leg by the other rope as I went down until 
I met the barrel again which went bv 

June, 1939 


faster than before and t(X)k the skin off 
my shins. 

I guess I landed pretty hard on the pile 
of bricks because at that time I lost my 
presence of mind and let go of the line 
and the barrel came down and hit me 
squarely on the head. 

The doctor wouldn't let me start back 
to the ship until Sept. 16, which made me 
two days overleave, which I don't think is 
too much under the circumstances. 


By Brou/ne 

Welcome back to Consair to Lou Hans- 
braugh from all the boys. 

Army Armstrong "The desk builder" 
has given up hopes so far as desk building 
goes. (They threw it out.) Army says, 
"You should see my trailer. Ahem!" 

Stephen Powell has had his hands full 
during Herb Ezard's vacation. Steve as 
usual has done a very good job of super- 
vising the Wing Dept. 

Geo. "Scotty" Mclean smokes his cigar- 
ettes so short, the boys think we should 
buy him a cigarette holder to keep Geo. 
from burning his fingers so often. 

If you want a good laugh, you should 
hear Tommy Guarnotta sing the "Three 
Little Fishes!" 

Stanley May received his diploma for 
attending night traffic school for six 
weeks. If you have any traffic problems, 
see Stan. 

Charlie Wegner is now in charge of 
templates and skin layout for the outer 
panels, a very precise and particular job. 
We know Charlie can handle it as well as 
he has other responsible jobs in the past. 

This is the last and final item on Gil 
Lance's goats. We hear we have been 
getting Gil's goat of late! 

Ray Brady of Wings procured a new 
job at North Island. Ray has spent seven 
years with Consair and has made many 
friends in and about the shop. Sorry to 
see you go, Ray. Best of luck from us 
all to you all! 

What does a man love more than Hfe? 
Hate more than death or mortal strife? 
That which contented men desire, 

That poor men have and rich men require; 
A miser spends, the spendthrift saves, 
And all men carry to their graves? 

— R. Weidner. - 

Be careful you don't get Don Hall 
mixed with Don Hall, for both of them are 
in the aviation business here in San Diego 
Donald A. Hall is our own Don Hall of 
Consolidated, while Donald T. Hall runs 
the Sportsman Airport in Encanto. 


ALL members of our badminton group 
. are indebted to each other for the 
support being given our weekly Wed- 
nesday evening play. As long as we keep it 
up the courts will be reserved for our 
exclusive use. Need more be said? 

Basing ratings on the results of our 
first tournament, the following ladder has 
been established. (Those who did not par- 
ticipate in the tournament have been 
placed at the bottom of the list regardless 
of ability.) 

1. Lockwood 18. Wielopolski 

2. Terry 19. Whitakcr 

3. Kastelic 20. Shonberg 

4. Henninger 21. Willis 

5. Bouley 22. Dietzer 

6. Syren 23. Rasmussen 

7. Beyer 24. Kennedy 

8. Hoover 2!. Staples 

9. Kirk 26. Ehlert 

10. Wheat 27. Goddard 

11. Farnsworth 28. Fleet 

12. Pounder 29. Brooks 

13. Robbins 30. Ecklcs 

14. Tuite 31. Echle 
1!. Wells 32. Billings 

16. Andress 3 3. Palsulich 

17. O'Connor 

You are hereby individually challenged 
by the Committee to prove we're wrong. 
Please observe these rules in challenging: 
\. A player may challenge a person not 
more than two ratings above that of the 
challenger, i.e.. No. 18 may challenge No. 
20 — not higher — unless or until No. 18 
assumes higher rank. 

2. Challenge must be made personally 
one week in advance or by 7:30 of the 
evening match is to be played. 

3. Players must notify a Committee 
member when a match is to be played 
and must furnish the final score to a 
Committee member. 

4. Matches shall be on basis of winning 
two games out of three. 

5. The matter of a referee may be 
agreed upon by the players. 

6. The challenger must furnish a new 
shuttle for the match — unless otherwise 
agreed to by the players. 

The Committee ventures the opinion 
that Billings and Palsulich will be assum- 
ing new numbers in no time at all. 

We're glad to welcome Ken Jackman 
and Jess Brown into the group, and we 
hope they'll enjoy the game as much 
as we do. 

The Committee: Gilchrist, Henninger, 
Kastelic, Terry, Lockwood. 

It is neither the wrongs that a man does, 
nor the many rights in atonement that 
he offers, but the sum total that marks 
the quality. 

Answers To "Miss-itis'' 

A few of the maintenance men and 
maybe one or two others will recognize 
the windy rooms as those above the boilers 
in the main plant where the air filters, 
heaters and fans are located which sup- 
ply much of the air forced into the paint 
shop. You may have looked at the neat 
layout of boilers and air compressors a 
thousand times and not been aware of these 
rooms directly overhead! 

2. If you wanted to gum up your 
friend's watch without his knowing it, 
you would arrange to get him close to the 
Magnaflux machine in the welding de- 
partment while work was being tested. 
Incidentally, if you developed a change 
in attitude, you could remove the trouble 
as simply as you introduced it to the steel 
springs of his watch, on the same machine. 

3. Painted green inside, the dark room 
of the photo-laboratory is blacker than the 
ace of spades with the lights turned out. 
Few people are aware of what total dark- 
ness really is until they encounter such a 
dark room. The red light means go, be- 
cause it's the light for printing and the 
work must go right along. When the other 
lights are turned up the green of the room 
paint shows up and the rush of the work 





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family dinners! 

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With a house on every lot, the land- 
lords could not make a lot on every house. 

Hope never fades away; it is only shifted 
from one year to the next. 

A piece of iron, a stunning curl, 
A box of powder, a pretty girl. 
Down comes the rain, away she goes, 
A homely girl with a freckled nose. 


"Are you the girl who took my or- 
der?" asked the impatient gentleman in 
the local cafe. "Yes, Sir," replied the wait- 
ress, politely. "Well, I declare," he re- 
marked, "you don't look a day older." 

The complexity of the inside of an air- 
plane is about inversely proportional to 
the smothness of its outside. 





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THE Engineers held their monthly 
Golf Tournament at the Coronado 
Golf Course on Sunday, April 16, 1939, 
and it was a grand success. 

Listed below are the winners of this 

First Flight 

Low Net — Hemphill 70 

Ekrem 70 

Ring 70 

Freel .__ 70 

Low Gross — Rhodes 83 

Low Putts — Yater 28 

Second Flight 

1st Low Net— Waller 70 

Weber 70 

2nd Low Net — Bauer 72 

3rd Low Net — Gandee 73 

Low Putts — Kirk 28 

Low Gross — McGuiness 100 

Third Flight 

1st Low Net — Rosenbaum 70 

2nd Low Net — Ochterkerchen 72 

3rd Low Net — Stacy 73 

4th Low Net — Schurr 74 

Low Putts — Growald 30 

Low Gross — Hinckley 117 

A prize of 2 Golf Balls was given by 
Mr. Davidson of the Davidson Driving 
Range to the golfers of the 2nd and 3rd 
flight making the highest score, these 
were won by Mr. H. Golem, 112, and 
Mr. C. Gerber, 168. It sure does show 
sometimes it pays to count all your 

On Friday night. May 19, 1939, at the 
Jacobs (Causeway) Driving Range, the 
Engineers will hold a putting contest. 
Prizes will be donated by Mr. Jacobs and 
all entrance fees will also go towards 

The next Engineers Golf Tournament 
will be held on Sunday, May 21, 1939, at 
the Rancho Santa Fe Golf Course. 

At last airplanes have feathers on 'em! 
At least the pilots now speak very know- 
ingly of feathering the propellers. 


1. Dimpled Head. 

2. Civil Aeronautics Authority. 

3. Rear Admiral John Towers. 

4. Skidding. 

5. Ornithopter. 

6. 650° F. 

7. Empennage. 

8. Chance- Vought and Sikorsky. 

9. Inter-coastal. 
10. Consolidated. 

Why Does . . . 

By Eddie Raymond 

Why does Sammy Shepard from the 
Hull Dept. cry so much during a basket- 
ball game? 

Why does Glenn Hotchkiss bet 1 5 to 
1 on his basketball team? 

Why does "Brad" Bradshaw go places 
to get items for his column, and then 
next day ask the fellows what happened? 

Why does Red Kimble want to take 
air home for his spray gun? 

Why does J. Patton want to compete 
with the experts? May be in the guzzling 
of beer after the affair? 

Why does Mac McGuiness claim all 
greens at La Jolla golf course slope to- 
ward the Pacific, when they really slope 
to all seven seas? 

Why does Al Ballard get Joe Merk's 
white coat to have his picture taken? 

Those who live on expectation are sure 
to be disappointed — Joachim Nurate. 


Three Bureau Inspectors down at the 
ramp to inspect the Model 2 8 of the 
American Export Airlines, climbed aboard. 
As it was quite warm, one of them shed 
his coat, carefully leaving it on the side 
of the jslane. One of the others soon 
emerged and was seen searching along the 
water's edge, finally selecting two nice 
creatures noted for habitating salt water 
and their ability to travel sidewise. When 
the coatless inspector emerged he slipped 
back into his coat. His attention was 
directed to a large "bug" crawling on his 
lapel, while one of the group shot away 
with his movie camera. . . "What kind 
of a bug is ut?" he cried as he beat it 
from a position precariously near his chin, 
and then remarked, "How the h — do ya 
suppose that got in there? Think it was 
in the plane?" 

Mike Doyle, American Airlines' Second 
Officer was standing nearby and naively 
remarked that it looked like an aluminum 
termite and probably came from inside 
the plane. Shaken somewhat by the close 
call, the hapless inspector automatically 
responded to a request for a cigarette by 
reaching into his pocket. His hand in- 
stantly came out . . . with another alum- 
inum termite firmly attached to his finger 
. . . nice action photography! 

For the balance of the day this particu- 
lar inspector's inspecting was chiefly con- 
fined to the probable source of "aluminum 
termites" and who could have put them 



YOUR home, furnish- 
ings, automobile and other posses- 
sions are valuable. They should be 
insured . . . not only against fire, 
but every hazard that threatens. 
But think before you choose the 
type of insurance. There is a differ- 

Consider this: Four out of five 
property ov^ners choose Capital 
Stock Company Fire Insurance be- 
cause it provides definite protec- 
tion at a known cost . . . because 
it is backed by financial surplus and 
capital stock as well as legal re- 
serves . . . because it maintains 
local Agents for quick, courteous 
service when you're in trouble. 

That's the kind of insurance YOU 
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At a women's debating society some 
time ago, the subject, "Which is more 
useful — a man or a strawberry?" was 
never settled, because the unmarried wo- 
men voted for the man, and the married 
ones voted for the strawberry. 

"Where there's a will there's a lawsuit." 

The seven stages of conviviality. 
Dry and decent, 
Delighted and devilish, 
Drifting and dreaming. 
Delinquent and disgusting, 
Dizzy and delirious. 
Dazed and dejected, 
Dead Drunk. 


By D. R. Kern 


Credit yourself with 10 for each ques- 
tion answered correctly. Answers will be 
found on page 14. 

1. What name is applied to an aileron 
having the nose portion projecting ahead 
of the hinge axis, the lower surface being 
in line with the lower surface of the 

2. What name is given to the great 
circle route between two points? 

3. When an airplane is operating at an 
angle of attack greater than the angle of 
attack of maximum lift, it is called what? 

4. Give the name of an auxiliary airfoil 
attached to a control surface for the pur- 
pose of reducing the control force or 
trimming the aircraft. 

5. What is the name given a form of 
biplane in which the area of one wing is 
less than half the area of the other? 

6. What is that part of the propeller- 
blade nearest the hub called? 

7. When an airplane descends at a 
normal angle of attack with little or no 
thrust it is called what? 

8. Name the country that now holds the 
speed record of an airplane. 

9. In the construction of aircraft, why 
is more 245 aluminum alloy used than 

10. An angular displacement about an 
axis parallel to the normal axis of an air- 
craft is called what? 

In the ordinary business of life, industry 
can do anything which genius can do, and 
very many things which it cannot. — 
Henr)' Ward Beecher. 




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Volume 4 

JULY, 1939 

Number 7 


From the Aeronautical Chamber of 
Commerce of America, Inc., comes the 
following news release: 

"Edgar N. Gott, loaned to the Aero- 
nautical Chamber of Commerce of Amer- 
ica' last February to assist the new presi- 
dent, John H. Jouett, in reorganizing and 
revitalizing the aircraft manufacturing 
industry's trade association, returns to 
his duties as vice-president of Consoli- 
dated Aircraft Corporation at San Diego, 
California, on June 15. 

Mr. Gott carries with him the affec- 
tionate regards of skipper Jack Jouett and 
all the members of the stafF and the hearty 
thanks of the Executive Committee which, 
in a resolution, stated in part that it 'is 
gratified to learn of the valuable services 
which Mr. Gott has rendered to the Cham- 
ber and desires thereby to express its ap- 
preciation thereof.' " 

To add our own little bit, we knew Ed 
would do a good job and we'll be glad 
to see him back once again. Present rumors 
have it he will be in San Diego in the fore 
part of this month. 

Attention is called to the splendid article 
appearing in the May 31st issue of the na- 
tional magazine, the American Machinist, 
dealing with Consolidated. This particular 
issue of the magazine has a large section 
devoted to the subject of industrial mobili- 
zation, and we are particularly honored in 
having been selected in the aviation field 
for so complete an analysis. Some ten pages 
are devoted exclusively to our plant, equip- 
ment, production facilities and potential- 
ities, and the article is liberally illustrated 
with photographs taken by Otto Menge, 
some of them selected from recent issues 
of the Consolidator. The article is well 
worth reading and seeing. 

It's a fact, however, that most auto- 
mobile drivers are in a great hurry to 
pass simply because they are anxious to 
get out in front so they can slow down. 

Remember this: A warning sign can't 
shout, but it is not nearly ^so dumb as 
the guy who disregards it. 

All communications should be addressed to the CONSOLIDATOR, c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California. 
Permission to reprint, in whole or in part, any of the subject matter herein, is gladly granted any established publication provided proper credit is given the 
CONSOLIDATOR. Material may not be used for advertising. Printed monthly in the U. " ' 


AT the time we go to press, events with 
k Consolidated airplanes are paralleling 
in spirit and deed, the actions of the breath- 
taking Pony Express of our earlier days. 
Headed this way, and probably churning 
off miles at a rate and a ""horsepower" 
scarcely conceivable even to the daring of 
the early Pony riders, is the twin-engined 
flying boat, Guba 

So swiftly do these modern events tran- 
spire, and so fully informed are we of 
their happening at almost the instant they 
take place, that we scarcely realize the 
magnitude of the accomplishments as they 
pace off progress. From over two-thirds 
of the way around the world the Guba is 
winging its way, covering in its stride the 
vast expanse of the Indian Ocean . . . 
breaking a precedent by traversing by air 
for the first time, the last remaining ocean 
to be so encompassed. . . . 

The last remaining ocean on this shrink- 
ing world has fallen to mechanical horse- 
power, mounted by these riders of the last 
vast expanses, repeating on a magnificent 
scale the early exploits of the shuttling 
Pony Riders. . . . 

Hollandia, Port Moresby, Sydney, Port 
Hedland . . . Isle of Cocos, Diego Garcia 
. . . Seychelles . . . the distant specks of 
the world are left behind one by one on 
the swing of the galloping horsepower, 
until around July first the Guba will have 
arrived in San Diego. The riders will 
change their trusted mount. . . . 

Here, being groomed for the first de- 
livery of a military plane ever to be made 
by flight across the Atlantic, is the twin- 
engined Model 2 8 Consolidated built for 
the British Air Ministry. Crew members 
who will "unsaddle" from the trusty Guba 
and mount the P9630 (British Air Min- 
istry number) will be: Russell Rogers as 
Pilot and Captain, Lewis A. Yancey, Co- 
pilot and Navigator, Raymond Booth 
Radio Operator, and Gerald Brown, Flight 
Engineer. It is possible that Squadron 
Leader J. R. Addams of the Royal Air 
Force, who is acting as test and acceptance 
pilot for the British Air Ministry in Cali- 
fornia, may accompany the crew on the 
delivery flight. Possible it is also that 

Richard Archbold, captain and owner of 
NC777 (the Guba) and a representative 
of the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation 
will be aboard for the flight. . . 

The first hop of the flight to England 
is scheduled to start from San Diego about 
July 5th, and to pass over or close to: 
Phoenix, Albuquerque, Amarillo, Wichita, 
Kansas City, Chicago, Detroit, Lake St. 
Clair, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec, 
with the first landing in Botwood, Bay of 
Exploits, Newfoundland. This flight will 
encompass a distance in a single hop of 
3,300 statute miles. At Botwood the take- 
off will be on a great circle course over 
the North Atlantic, across the center of 
Ireland, the Irish Channel and England, 
with the landing scheduled for Felixstowe 
(Ipswich) England. 

The ship, destined for the British Air 
Ministry is a sister ship of the Guba in 
that it is a Model 28, designated as Model 
28-5 and is similar to the American Ex- 
port Airline's twin-engined survey plane. 

"Now, we're all set. Just turn the jigger 
over and push on the hickey with your 
left hand and pull down on the other 
little jim-crack with your right, then 
press down the doodad with your foot and 
pull the thingumbob at the same time, and 
when it starts you push down on the doo- 
funny with your left foot and yank the 
umptydiddy back, then let up the foot 
dingus and put your other foot on the 
hickey-madoodle; and don't forget to push 
down on the hootnanny every time you 
move the whatyoumaycallit, and you'll be 
hunkydorey, see?" — Troy Times-Record. 

A small boy stepped up to the elevator 
in an Eastern business building just as the 
place was jolted by an earthquake. Doors 
flew open, people tumbled into the cor- 
ridor, and one white-faced individual 
shrieked, "What happened?" '"Gee!" said 
the small boy, ""I just pushed the elevator 

Attempt the end, and never stand to 
doubt; nothing so hard but search will 
find it out. — Robert Herrick. 

by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, Californio. 



The members of the American Export Airline's 
Consohdated model 28 crew, and Mr. D. G. Rich- 
ardson, the Airline's operations manager. Left to 
right: M. C. J. Doyle, T. S. Terrill, Pat J. Byrne, 
D. G. Richardson, Wm. W. Ehmer and R. V. 

TAKE-OFF . . . 

\\ /EDNESDAY, June 7th ... 3:30 
VV A. M.: The bright moon in its 
third quarter and a single star in the clear 
dark sky ... a distant cock crowing . . . 
the faint tinkle of milk bottles and the 
barumph of a starting car. . . . 

Half an hour later, down on the ramp, 
light is beginning to break. The staccato 
sputtering of the American Export's auxil- 
iary engine in the crisp air makes con- 
versation difficult. There are but few per- 
sons about; besides the flight and beaching 
crews, less than a dozen persons . . . 
mostly wives and relatives . . . Mike 
Doyle is ahustling around like sixty, Geo. 
Newman's in the cockpit, Carlson poking 
his receiver bedecked head out of the me- 
chanic's station window now and then. 
Ehmer is apparently aboard at the radio 
controls, feeling out over the tenuous 
waves of the ether. Terrill, as unruffled 
as ever; Pat Byrne, back and forth. 

A couple of seagulls squawk low and 
lazily, headed along the ramp. Two fish- 
ing birds plunk into the oil-like surface 
of the bay and take off awkwardly with 
more attention to the consumption of their 
breakfast than the technique of getting 
un-stuck. The brilliant lights of the North 
Island Naval Air station, and the twinkling 
ships' night lights, begin to lose their dom- 
ination . . . it's growing light rapidly. 


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Pat Byrne climbs aboard. There's a bit 
of hand waving . . . Mike Doyle climbs 
topside, as he calls it, pops the rear hatches 
shut, pops them open a moment later, then 
shut again, like a jack-in-the-box. The 
staccato of the auxihary slows down as 
it takes the load for starting an engine. 
The right engine begins to turn, takes 
hold. The left follows a moment later. 

Now there's just the whishity-clunk of 
the easing engines . . . Newman indicates 
above the noise, that moisture has con- 
densed on the outside of the cockpit en- 
closure glass. Rags are fetched. Rubber- 
suited beachers boost one of their number 
up, Kline is boosted on the opposite side. 
The windshield is made clear. Byrne can 
be seen by the plane's lighting inside, ar- 
ranging the papers he has just brought 

There's that brief wait in which noth- 
ing seems to take place . . . then the signal 
to remove the chocks, and the beaching 
gear crew swings into action. The tractor, 
with line and block, eases the ship down 
into the water. Light lines, through the 
wing-tip floats, keep the ship headed 
squarely while the beaching gear is un- 
fastened. The gear bobs to the surface 
and is worked ashore. Mike is once more 
popping up through the hatch. "OK, let 
her go!" 

Easily the Model 28 begins to move, 
her propellers rumpling and skittling a 
soft pattern across the smooth water. 
Quietly and without apparent additional 
revs to her engines, she eases on out and 
heads for the Broadway pier. About a 
hundred yards from its tip she is swung 
and headed into the channel. Engines are 
gunned. There's not a hint of a miss. Then 
they're opened steady and she starts her 
run. Kline glances at his watch . . . exactly 

4:3 5 A.M. There's no help from the wind, 
as the sock is dangling straight down. In 
just 2 5 seconds she is up off the step and 
climbing easily in a big swing around 
North Island and Coronado, and far over 
the southern end of the bay becomes in- 
distinguishable in the pinkish haze. She is 
headed off to the southeast. To very sharp 
eyes she becomes visible for a moment as 
the first full rays of the sun strike her wet 
hull . . . then is completely out of sight. 
And so another Consolidated twin en- 
gined model 28 begins her career. The 
plane, built for survey work on American 
Export Airline's trans-Atlantic route, 
made a two jump hop to New York, stop- 
ping over briefly at Galveston, Texas, and 
as we go to press is all poised, ready for 
her pioneering work across the Atlantic. 


THIRTEEN Rod and Reelers in quest 
of a large mess of fish for a fry left 
early Saturday morning, June seventeenth, 
and if you think thirteen is a lucky num- 
ber ask Al Ambrose, Leo Bourden, L. 
McGiffin, Frank Milche, Ed Lang, John 
Hopman, Otto Bendt, Jimmy Wilkenson, 
Bill Roese, Connie Seaderquist, Glenn 
Hotchkiss, Bob Hardacre or Russ Kern. 
The aquatic vertebrates were all on vaca- 
tion or sompin, anyhow they just wouldn't 
bite anywhere round the Coronado Islands. 
Our amiable Secretary, Glenn Hotchkiss, 
thought it really would be bad to go back 
without one yellowtail so he very quietly 
put into practice something he learned at 
a dude ranch somewhere about these parts. 
Yes sir, he actually lassoed a yellowtail 
right around the tail — Yippieeee. It sure 
looked strange pulling that fish out of the 
water tail first — and it won for Cowboy 
Hotchkiss the Jackpot. 

Some of the boys think the reason for 
poor fishing was because of the fact Bill 
Roese and Connie Seaderquist were con- 
tinually leaning over the rail of the Sport- 
fisher feeding them something better than 
live bait. 

Otto Bendt, the rascal, took home more 
fish than anyone on the "cruise" — he 
robbed the bait tank so he could face the 
folks at home without that guilty look. 

But the Sportfisher II wasn't the only 
ship "cruising" about the Coronados this 
beautiful June morning. The J. B., with 
a load of Consolidated officials had the 
same luck returning with a happy group of 
sightseers who will swear there are no 
more fish around the Coronado Islands. 

Roy Coykendall tells us he will go out 
and bring in a carload of fish for the club 
members anytime they want to have a 
good feed. 

July, 1939 

"Wc are indebted to our British representatives, Aviation Corporates Limited, for these views of their offices in Li 
; wall in the left hand view gives considerable prominence to both our four-engined XPB2Y-1 and the PBYs. Thi 
ndow, of St. James' Palace. Note also the profuse use of our plane photof^raphs in the right hand picture. Thi 
r curio:ity as to how our representatives in other parts of the globe see their working quarters. 

England. The photo-mural on 
central picture is a view from their 
! excellent views have rather whetted 

A Life on the Ocean Waves! 

By Ernie Hodgson 

A FEW weeks ago, our genial lead man, 
Bobbie Brabbon of Wood Shop, hav- 
ing explored the intricacies of Mission Bay 
in his 16-foot boat "Beauty" (outboard 
motor) decided it was time to conquer the 
Pacific Ocean. 

He purchased a trailer for the boat, fire 
extinguisher and five life preservers. He 
got together his crew: Milt Hangen, Mac- 
Giffin, Lary Ireland, his son Jack Brabbon 
and himself. Having been told you could 
launch a boat any time at La JoUa, they 
loaded the boat onto the trailer at 4:30 
a.m., arriving at the launching destina- 
tion at about 5 a.m. 

With Milt Hangen at the oars and Ire- 
land pushing, the "Beauty" was launched 
and skimmed gracefully over the first 
breaker. Alas! One oar came loose, causing 
the gallant craft to turn broadside, where 
a second wave drove her ashore again after 
almost swamping her. In the next attempt 
they succeeded in getting clear. They 
reached a spot about a mile offshore. As 
it was inclined to be roughish, and there 
were no other boats in sight, they turned 
tail and beat it back to terra firma. 

Just as the "Beauty" was snugly 
nestled on her trailer, four other crews of 
fishermen arrived with boats and headed 
for sea. Having gained new courage, our 
heroes decided on another venture, so they 
launched the boat, the oar came loose, she 
was almost swamped, and finally they got 
clear and out to the kelp beds. A little 
after anchoring someone noticed Bobby's 
pole dropping. (He was sick.) Mac and 
Ireland each caught one fish, the going 
was poor, so they asked Milt to row, but 
Milt said he was too weak. (He was sick.) 
Soon young Jackie Brabbon sickened also, 
So-o! Ireland and Mac manoeuvered the 
good ship "Beauty" back to shore, and it 
was unanimously agreed that it was too 
early in the year to sail the Pacific. 


By Browne 

BILL KEIGEL returned recently from 
a six-weeks vacation to Buffalo. Bill 
says Buffalo looked good, but he's glad to 
be back home and back to work. 

M. Drake and J. Petit and Rock Creek 
lake get along remarkably well. During a 
recent fishing trip John Petit landed a nice 
sized trout (or was it larger, John?) only 
to drop it in the lake, but speed Petit 
reached out and grabbed the trout before 
it could swim away. Are you sure that's 
right, John? 

Ask Bob Elo if he is advertising 
Wheaties or sumpthin'? Several of the boys 
remarked about a sign on the car in which 
he drives to work. 

It is quite evident that Herb Ezard's 
job does not end at 4:00 p.m. Recent 
changes in the department have been ef- 
fective in the early morning hours. We 
attribute this to Herb's homework. 

C. M. "Duke" StoU, Q.M. Ic Naval 
Reserves, is leaving July 8 to 22 on annual 
summer training cruise aboard destroyer 
U.S.S. Jarvis. The cruise destination is San 
Francisco where the exposition will be seen. 

Mrs. L. Mineah presented her husband 
on May 2 8th with a fine 9-lb. baby boy, 
George Henry. Congratulations to both 
Mama and Papa! 


Aviation Corporates Limited, our agents 
in London, to whom we are indebted for 
the very excellent photographs of their 
offices, are most centrally located there. 
They are only five minutes walk from the 
Air Ministry and very centrally located 
with respect to Buckingham Palace, The 
Chase Bank in Berkeley Square, Piccadilly 
Circus and the Admiralty, and the War 
Office in Whitehall, S.W.I. ... As may b; 
seen from the interior views, they have 
made full use of photographs of the PBYs 
and the XPB2Y-1 for purposes of decor- 


By Fink 

TEDDY EDWARDS can be found 
strutting about the plant, telling of 
the new grandson that has come into his 
family, a seven and a half pound baby 

Clyde Price (stick room) spends his 
week-ends riding the breakers on his new 
paddle-board which he has just finished. 
Nice work, Clyde! 

"Whitey" Dake has been seen at the 
beaches with the same girl quite often a 
bit lately. He claims she's his niece, but 
that's his story. Whitey sure sticks close 
to her. 

Willy CuUison (sheet metal) has just 
returned to the plant after a three weeks 
trip to Baltimore. He says his car used 24 
cans of oil . . . or does he mean he used 
24 cans of beer. 

Quite a few Consarians were seen taking 
in the Follies reviews at the Fox theater. 
It seems that a large number of lodges 
held special meetings on that Friday night. 
I'll not mention names, for obvious reasons. 

C. J. Hendry Co. 


Fishing and Boat 


One block south of Broadway 

Phone F. 7397 


OUR MOVIE . . . 



FEW indeed were the visitors allowed 
a view of our plant activities during 
the building of the now famous PBY twin 
engined flying boats, which have formed 
so valuable an adjunct to the armed forces 
of the United States Navy. During that 
time, however, work was undertaken to 
secure a motion picture record of the pro- 
duction activities by our own photographic 
crew, headed by Otto Menge, head of the 
photo lab. Now, after months of work on 
its production, full and unconditional re- 
lease of all views contained in that movie 
has been granted by the Navy Bureau. The 
whole world may now be shown and told, 
exactly how these PBYs were produced 
... a story of production of aircraft of 
which we have every right to be proud. 

Our movie has been appropriately titled, 
"Building the PBY Record Breakers." It 
covers the whole story in some 5 5 minutes 
of fine photography packed with scenes 
from engineering thru the many interest- 
ing detail processes of fabrication, finish- 
ing, testing and flying . . . but a full ap- 
preciation of this recording in picture and 
sound, can only come thru seeing and hear- 
ing the story unfolded on the screen. 

Heading the list of those responsible for 
the production is, of course, Otto Menge, 
without whose efforts the movie would 
not have been possible. Otto, from the 
very inception of the idea, was not only 
director and photographer for all scenes, 
but headed the work from the first faint 
wriggling of the script thru the last note 
of the sound track. While the actual shoot- 
ing in the plant took but a comparatively 
brief period, much of the work was carried 
on out-of-doors at the ramp. North Is- 
l.ind, and in the air. Otto was in the ver)' 
thick of it, and also the vast amount of 
mechanical work in the trimming and 
laboratory phases of the production could 
only be left to his hands. The picture 
stands as a fine tribute to his photographic 
skill and direction. 

Dick Hager of engineering, was charged 
with one of the most exacting phases of 
the picture for he was in charge of its 
production . . . arranging for all scenes 
and the shooting of the same. This was ac- 
complished with an absolute minimum of 
interference with the plant, which was in 
full production. Dick handled this work 
admirably and threw in as a good measure 
his services as a technical advisor on all 
the scenes, and script and the narration. 

The script, or sequence of scenes, upon 
which the movie was based, was the work 
of Norman Davidson, as was the finished 
narration, or running description of the 
scenes and operations. This had to be timed 
to a nicety to fit the rapid change of action 
and carry the full story as it ran. The nar- 
ration in its final and approved form, was 
recorded on the sound track thru the voice 
of Rush Hughes, well known in radio 
work for his various programs. He did a-. 
very splendid job of the rather sizable task 
placed before him. 

Working in close conjunction with the 
Menge, Hager, Davidson trio throughout 
the plant shooting, were the electricians 
and maintenance crew, who were indis- 
pensable in securing the proper lighting 
effects, and for much of the skilled ar- 
ranging of equipment: Nick La Gamma, 
who could climb anywhere, and generally 
did, or who could fix or secure anything 
on a moment's notice. Tom Clark, who 
kept an eagle eye on the proper functioning 
of the electrical equipment (which inci- 
dentally necessitated special outlets and 
the running of special cables in order to 
carry the lighting loads). And to C. Hos- 
tetler, Roy Schultz, Ed Cord and Carl 
Sann for invaluable aid from time to time. 

Our pilots George Newman and Bill 
Wheatley contributed directly to the 
movie, by handling the good old Fleetster 
in which Otto rode for flight shots, and 
some of the PBYs shown directly in the 
flight picturization. Their assistance made 
possible many of the splendid flight and 
aerial shots incorporated in the picture. 

A tabulation of credit for the assistance 
and cooperation which entered the making 
of "Building the PBY Record Breakers" 
could go on almost indefinitely. The main- 
tenance department built several pieces of 
special equipment, as well as installing the 
special power lines. George Marlor of the 
photo lab. assisted greatly in his capacity 
as projectionist during the tedious stretch 
of editing the film and timing the narra- 
tion. He was capably assisted by Ernie 

The cooperation received from, and the 
privileges allowed by the North Island 
Naval Air Station, greatlj' assisted in the 
vitally necessary picture-taking of our 
PBYs in the performance shots, delivery, 
etc. And to them we are most grateful. 

Not the least of those who should be 
given full credit for the final film, is the 

July, 1939 

entire plant personnel. The bulk of the 
picture, of course, has to do with the build- 
ing operations of the PBYs. In the scenes 
taken within the plant, the vast majority 
had more than a single actor engaged at 
his work. Several of the shots had well 
into the hundreds involved, yet the coop- 
eration made possible the filming of these, 
with a surprising minimum of re-takes. In 
the big shots the photographic crew had 
to rely upon each individual worker's re- 
calling the directions of a general bulletin, 
requesting that no one look at the camera, 
nor diverge from his customary work dur- 
ing the filming. In the close-ups, without 
the skill of every man in performing the 
work he knows so well, all would have 
been lost for it would have been an 
impossible task to endeavor to train 
actors .... fortunately each man was 
more familiar with his work than the 
photographic crew could hope to be. The 
result was that each of the production 
shots of men at work portrays in a highly 
accurate manner, exactly the procedure 
as it was employed in the building of these 
record breakers. The praise for the manner 
in which every person carried out his work 
for the camera in making this highly val- 
uable recording of the operations, can 
hardly be overdone. 

No Smiles to the Gallon 



"Checker erl?" 

"Erl's okey — but listen. You charge 

"Yeh, we charge batteries." 

"How much?" 

"Much as they need." 

"Yeh, but what do you charge?" 

"Why, ah, batteries." 

"Naw, listen. I mean, how much does 
it cost you?" 

"Doesn't cost us anything; we got our 
own equipment and we charge for it." 

"Yeh, but how much would it cost 

"Well You got your own equip- 


"Sure. You going into the business you 
gotta have equipment." 

"But I'm not going into the — ■ — Listen, 
I want to know if you charge batteries, 
and if you do charge batteries, how much 
you charge for charging batteries, and if 
you'd charge my battery and charge to my 
account what you charge for charging — 
Aw, skip it! Fillerup and lemme get outta 
here!" —Michael Kane. 


By Sechrht 

WE welcome back Art Bommer, who 
couldn't dodge a one-way driver 
who was driving one-way on the wrong 
side of the road. . . . 

Bon Voyage to Eddie Cwick who has 
left us for points east, then Northwest. 
Also Adios to Ray Craft on leave . . . 
maybe Ray can cure that "house maid's 
knee" of his now. 

The F.H.A. has gained considerable 
business from the home-buyers in our 
department, i.e. — Robertson, Kastelic, 
Roeckel, Kiegle, Sechrist, Kruger and 
Fougeron . . . yeah, and the A.A.A. had 
better watch Kurt Kruger, what with 5 
banty chicks, a dog, three cats, 6 mice, etc. 
. . . Poor Kurt can't get to pick his 
avocados, figs or oranges . . . stough, Kurt! 

Vic Perry says after Niagara Falls, 
Yosemite is kind of tame, but he wouldn't 
have missed seeing it. Incidentally Vic lays 
claim to the week-end jaunt championship 
of the shop. He's covered all the territory 
from L. A. to Mexico, from Yuma to the 

When asked how he got back to B'flo 
without a passport, he says he wore a dis- 
guise . . . must have been a lot of fun 
visiting all those joints . . . eh, Ben? 

There seems to be a difference of opin- 
ion relative to the merits of B'flo and S. D. 
beer, but after the first five, who cares, 
says Jack Fleck . . . but anyone who goes 
to B'flo without getting a good old- 
fashioned fish fry . . . mmm! . . . well? 

Stan Piontek is in the market for a car 
. . . too bad Ben Kaegle turned in his 
"flying A" model. There was a car that 
had everything including Asthma. 

Gus Fugeron must have had that cap 
of his washed, or his ears lowered, 'cause 
we could really see his face the other day, 
and it looked real nice too for a change. 

That wasn't sunburn on DeRemer's face 
... he tried to argue with the sand blast 

Bernard Shaw boasted in an article that 
he knew how to make a perfect cup of 
coffee. A country parson wrote to him, 
asking for the recipe. Shaw granted his 
request, but at the bottom of the letter 

"I hope that this is a genuine request, 
and not a surreptitious mode of securing 
my autograph." 

The parson replied; 

"Accept my thanks for the recipe. I 
wrote in good faith, so allow me to return 
what it is obvious you infinitely prize, but 
which is of no value to me — "your auto- 

Our Glider enthu:iast, Jerry Litell, re- 
ports that it was just what the papa or- 
dered ... a boy! The name, Jetmund 
Vincent Litell, the date, June 12th and 
the weight lYz pounds. Jerry had to take 
a week out, but all are reported as doing 
well now. Congratulations. 

E. L. Minch, of Tool Design, was seen 
in a well known jewelry store the other 
day '■' '■■ ■'■" we learned from another source 
that the young lady's name is Miss Jean 
Pausek '■' '■' '■" no, sir! We won't tell where 
we got the dope. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Jess Brown of 
planning, on June 9th, a baby girl weigh- 
ing 8 pounds. Mother, daughter and pop 
reported doing nicely. The young lady's 
name is Miss Roberta Ann Brown. Con- 

We had specific instructions to make a 
note, or the name would be mud, so here 
goes . . . "The great Carter is back!!" 
(Can't say we ain't seen our duty and 
done it, by crackey!) 







Auto and Home Radios 



Bring this adv. and open a BUD- 
GET ACCOUNT. We will Lubri- 
cate Your Car Free for the privi- 
lege of Serving You. 


1309 State St. at "A" 
3021 University Ave. 

"Two Stores in San Diego" 


Our Newest 

By Wm. A. Maloiiey, Plant Engineer 

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 1939, 
marked the beginning of the ac- 
ceptance test of the 4,500-ton capacity 
Birdsboro-H.P.M. hydrauhc press which 
is shortly to be installed in our plant. The 
test was conducted at the plant of the 
manufacturers, Birdsboro Steel Foundry 
and Machine Company, at Birdboro, Pa , 
and was witnessed by Mr. J. L. Kelley and 
myself. Mr. Charles Curling of the firm 
of R. E. Hazard and Sons of this city, 
who have the contract for erecting the 
press on our foundation, was also present, 
and stayed at Birdsboro until the press was 
disassembled after the conclusion of the 
test for the purpose of "Match Marking" 
the various component parts for ease of 
assembling, and to arrange for loading and 
shipping the heavier pieces in the proper 
order and position to eliminate any excess 
handling and maneuvering upon their re- 
ceipt in San Diego. 

Mr. Curling, Mr. Kelley and myself left 
San Diego at various times, and traveling 
by different routes, met in Birdsboro on 
the morning of May 31st in the midst of 
a good old-fashioned "heat wave" with the 
temperature in the nineties with excessively 
high humidity. We found that we 
"Couldn't take it," and during the pro- 
gress of the test we spent much of our 
time in frequent trips to the water cooler 
about 75 feet distant from the scene of 
the test. The photograph accompanying 
this article was taken just after my return 
from one of these trips, and while Mr. 
Kelley was on the way to the cooler. Stand- 
ing on the test platform are Mr. Curling, 
Mr. Paul C. Pocock, vice-president of 
Hydraulic Press Manufacturing Company 
of Mt. Cilead, Ohio, who manufactured 
the hydraulic pumps and controls, and 

After the necessary electrical instru- 
ments, pressure gauges and other apparatus 

Save on New Model Kodaks 

Now's the time — here's the 
place — to choose a new Ko- 
dak. Kodak prices are down 
— and we carry a big stock. 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc. 


were set up, the press was started in oper- 
ation at 11:00 a.m. on May 31, and run 
continuously at one minute intervals for 
a period of 24 hours at its rated capacity 
of 4,500 tons, after which it was run for 
two hours at lO^r overload, or 4,950 tons 
capacity. During the initial test it was also 
run at intervals for periods of from thirty 
minutes to one hour on automatic control, 
when one complete stroke of full capacity 
was made each twenty seconds. 

All requirements of the test were suc- 
cessfully met, the press performing per- 
fectly in every detail. 

The photograph gives some idea as to the 
size of this machine, which covers a floor 
area approximately 17 feet square, and ex- 
tends to a height of 33' 3 '74" above the 
floor level. At the level of the upper plat- 
form, the area taken up by the press is 
19' 8/2" X 22' 7'/4". 

The total weight of the press is over 
600,000 pounds, which necessitated the 
design of an extremely heavy reinforced 
concrete foundation to receive it. The 
heaviest member, the bottom platen, 
weighs 98,000 lbs. and was shipped by 
rail from Birdsboro on Monday, June 5th, 
and at the time this article is being written 
is being grouted in place on the founda- 
tion. The remaining parts, of which one 
piece weighs 80,000 lbs., another 76,000 
lbs. and another 66,000 lbs., were shipped 
shortly after, and left Philadelphia by 
steamer on June 14th. They are due to 
arrive in San Diego on July 4th, and erec- 
tion will start immediately after these parts 
are received. Complete assembly will take 

from 20 to 2 5 working days. As the press 
is being set up in the Sheet Metal Depart- 
ment in the "low bay" section of the plant, 
it is necessary to perform extensive altera- 
tions to the roof above the press location, 
and to construct a "dog-house" in the roof 
above the press superstructure. Allowing 
for all necessary construction operations, 
it will be ready for use not later than 
September 1st. 

The press is to be used for forming and 
blanking various airplane parts by the 
rubber die process. In this process a male 
punch only is employed, no female die be- 
ing used. Mounted on the upper or moving 
platen of the press is a die pad 10^ inches 
thick, made of rubber of a special com- 
position and hardness best suited for this 
purpose, and restrained against flowing 
sidewise in a heavy cast steel box. The 
punches are placed in an inverted position 
on the bolster plate which is mounted on 
the bottom, or fixed platen, and aluminum 
alloy sheets of the proper size and shape 
are placed on the punches. The hydraulic 
ram, which carries the moving platen, is 
caused to descend, and when the die pad 
comes in contact with the work on the 
bolster plate, hydraulic pressure up to the 
capacity of the press is built up behind the 
ram, causing the rubber pad to flow fluid- 
like around the punches and to form the 
work to the contours and the shapes de- 

The dimensions of the rubber pad and 
bolster plate are 4' 8" in width by 10' 4" 
in length. The press is powered by two 
H.P.M. radial hydraulic pumps, each hav- 
ing a displacement of 190 gallons per min- 
ute at a pressure of 2 590 pounds per square 
inch. The two pumps are driven by an 
electric motor rated at 200 H.P. specially 
designed for the purpose, which develops 
a total of 372 H.P. at the bottom of the 
press stroke. The main actuating ram has 
a diameter of 66 inches and the oil is ad- 
mitted by gravity from a surge tank above 
the cylinder, into the ram cylinder, before 
pressure is applied, thru a filhng check 
valve 12" in diameter. As the ram reaches 
the bottom of the stroke, and pressure is 
applied, this valve closes automatically and 
the pressure is built up in the cylinder di- 
rectly by the pumps. Pump pressure is also 
used to raise the ram to the top of the 
stroke, after completion of the pressure 
cycle, by means of two smaller "pull- 
back" rams, 2,200 gallons of hydraulic 
oil are used for operating the press. 

The plant of Birdsboro Steel Foimdry 
and Machine Company is located in the 
charming, picturesque village of Birdsboro, 
on the Schuylkill River, nine miles south- 
east of Reading, Pa. Although the original 

July, 1939 

plant antedates the Revolutionary War, 
and was engaged in the manufacturing of 
cannon-balls, cannon, anchors and anchor 
chain during that conflict, the present 
factory is up-to-date in every respect, has 
its own blast furnaces for the production 
of the basic pig iron used in the steel, and 
is one of the largest and most complete 
plants for the manufacture of steel castings 
and heavy machinery in the country today. 
It is the only industry in Birdsboro, and 
the citizens display a keen interest in the 
plant's activities and fortunes. Birdsboro 
is located in Berks County, which borders 
on Lancaster County, the two counties 
being in the heart of the "Pennsylvania 
Dutch" area, where the citizenry are noted 
for their thrift and cleanliness. The entire 
area is rich in Revolutionary lore, and there 
are numerous stone furnaces originally 
used for working Pennsylvania iron ore, 
and other pre-Revolutionary buildings still 
standing in an excellent state of preser- 



By Danny Wharton 

BERT FREAKLEY went out one week 
end to see the house C. Flegal was 
building. He went out the day Flegal was 
painting around the windows. The fact 
was mentioned that Flegal was a better 
bender than he was a painter ... he 
should have put more paint on the house, 
instead of the windows. 

Slim Franklin is also planning on build- 
ing a home in the very near future. 

I went out to see Bert Freakley's home, 
which is nearing completion. It neared 
completion in more ways than one. His 
builder was burning the brush a distance 
from the house, when the wind sent sparks 
into a big pile of brush not far from the 
house. I wasn't there at the time, but Bert 
says the fire department and all the neigh- 
bors were over to help put the fire out. 
The fire didn't quite get to the house, but 
Bert says he met all his neighbors, anyway. 

Clyde Hammett in his rush not to be late 
to meet Slim Franklin coming to work, 
picked up his apron and a few of his tools 
in a hurry. When he got to work he dis- 
covered the "apron" was his wife's laundry 

Herman Deischl had a Dachshund for 
about a week. It seems that the dog re- 
sented being chased out of the house at 
night, so he bit Herman. It didn't take 
Herman long the next day to give him 

Drifting Thru 


PETE CARLSON has practically given 
up the putting game as being too ex- 
pensive following his recent showing at a 
driving range where he shelled out a hand- 
ful of nickels to several competing ama- 
teurs and pros from the engineering de- 
partment. There seems to have been quite 
a controversy as to whether the buffalos 
on the nickels were squinting in the day- 
light or were merely winking over the 

And speaking of nickels reminds us of 
other wooden objects such as the feather- 
weight duck which made the rounds of 
the departments last week. The duck now 
shares the fame of that other wooden ani- 
mal, the Trojan horse. When the duck was 
tossed at Chuck Freel he moved all around 
in the roomy shoulders of his new sport 
coat in trying to evade the duck. Bud 
Moerschel moved his toes out of the way 
first and then tried to catch the missile. 
Bud vows it was the fastest he has moved 
in well nigh on to twenty years except 
when they used to conduct political cam- 
paigns with free beverages. Earl Wesp was 
passing out the Friday checks when he 
suddenly saw the duck approaching. He 
dropped checks, box and all in getting out 
of the way. It is no wonder Joe Penner acts 
a bit queer with a duck in his life also. 

Our operatives report that both Don 
Kirk and Park Stacy are very much in- 
terested in various discounts lately, which 
leads to the conclusion that their single 
blessedness is very much in jeopardy and 
will probably end up in our Brides and 
Prides department soon. Bob Lutz has 
really settled down to orthodox married 
life now, for recently we noticed the good 
wife driving and Bob established in the 
back seat. 

What with so many personnel changes 
these days in engineering departments, the 
average new employee must really travel 
light these days. We overheard Don Hall 
asking a new man if he had brought any 
razor blades with him. In fact, there is 
so much doing now that even our famous 
stock market conversation has gone to pot, 
with Sid Avery following the batting aver- 
age of a certain big league ball player from 
day to day. Bill Schurr planning houses, 
and Ken Whitney just silent and looking 
a bit bewildered at the other two. 

In giving our readers a peek at the 
amours of Gerber the Lothario, we unwit- 
tingly created a tumult in the manly 

breast of another quiet young fellow. Al- 
though he despises coffee Walt George 
gulped down cup after cup of the stuff 
at a recent banquet because of the personal 
pulchritude of the pourer. He is still trying 
to figure out whether it was the coffee or 
the vision that kept him awake so long. 

Since our recent scoop of the month in 
the discovery of termites in Bill Ring's 
desk, Bill has become "termite conscious" 
and he has made a patient study of the 
habits of the termite as well as methods 
for its control. He was conducting a quiet 
conversation with Bernie Sheahan one af- 
ternoon when he suddenly interrupted with 
an exultant yelp as he feverishly pointed at 
a termite nest on Bernie's desk. After he 
enthusiastically extolled the virtues of his 
termite control he produced a medicine 
dropper and bottle from his pocket and 
ceremoniously proceeded to treat the hole 
with — nose drops! 

Basil Isham is working very secretly 
these days on an invention that he con- 
ceived during his recent sojourn in Europe. 
It is quite possible that in our lifetime we 
will be able to use the "Isham disintegra- 
tor". With this device one will be able to 
enter a booth and in such a manner as tele- 
vision transmit himself over telephone 
wires or radio waves and appear at the other 
end of the line in flesh. Basil says his most 
difficult problem is to make the gadget 
foolproof so that an absent-minded in- 
ventor or professor cannot use the device 
until he has finished dressing. Or so that 
central cannot give one the wrong num- 
ber, in the event of which one might be 
deposited in the wrong boudoir with sub- 
sequent embarrassing moments. 

There is a loss of engine power of 1 % 
for about every 7° F. increase in the 
temperature of the mixture in the intake 




Complete Building Service 

Phone National 453 


IT was way back in the early days and, 
as Dutch Klein says, "When I couldn't 
talk so good like now." Consolidated was 
just completing her first riveted hull and 
it was ready for its water test. Dutch was 
told to stick around overtime and fill the 
hull with water. Everybody went on home 
but Dutch and Leo Newman, who was 
running the heat treating furnaces. Dutch 
looked around and found a couple of empty 
scrub pails and then headed upstairs to the 
men's lounge room where the water tap 
was. You must realize that aircraft manu- 
facturing wasn't always performed in 
buildings as completely equipped as our 
present plant is. 

The pails filled rapidly and our hull 
tester went downstairs, walked several 
yards and poured the water into the hull. 
He hurried on up and filled the pails again 
but when he got back to the hulls he 
couldn't see any of his first load of water. 
Somewhat puzzled he hurried up the stairs 
again and again and carried water to the 

hull, but after several hours he had little 
results to show for his efforts. He asked 
Leo to help, but Leo put out the "No 
Riders" sign, so Dutch was stopped. 

Suddenly he thought of a hose so he 
hurried out the door and down the street 
and borrowed several lengths of garden 
hose from accommodating neighbors and 
tried to fill the hull in that manner. In 
the wee hours of the morning the level of 
the water was still far from the top, so 
Dutch took himself off into a corner. He 
was somewhat perplexed, but he couldn't 
be stopped. His hose idea was OK but he 
needed more hose and bigger hose. 

He remembered the fire hose, so he hur- 
ried to it, pulled it down from its carefully 
folded position on the rack and taking hold 
of the nozzle dragged and tussled with it 
and finally stuck the shiny end into the 
hull. He hurried back to the valve, turned 
the water on and then hustled back to 
see what was happening to cause all the 

Leo was jumping up and down but no 
higher or harder than the end of that 
hose which was giving the belt frames, 
stringers and watertight doors a terrific 
beating. Dutch hurried again to the valve 
and turned it off. 

By this time he was cold, tired, wet, ex- 
cited and mad, and all this only made him 
the more determined to fill that hull. Leo 
suggested he wait until it rained. But 
Dutch went out and got some clothes line 
and lashed the unruly brass nozzle down 
inside the hull, and again turned on the 

Just when the level of the water was 
reaching the top opening Dutch decided his 
work was done, but thru the frontdoor 
roared the superintendent. Dutch greeted 
him with a sleepy "Good Morning," but 
the poor superintendent was lost in the 
rush of water that hit him when he opened 
that door. Dutch had not only filled the 
hull but also the basement, the shop, the 
parking lot and most of Kenmore Boule- 
vard. His only remark was that if it was 
winter "we could enjoy, maybe, good 

Today the boys who construct our 
modern hulls turn in a job that not only 
looks beautiful, but is so constructed that 
the useful life of the hulls has never been 
definitely settled. And we still have to 
water test them, but if so much as one 
tearly little drop shows up when the hull 
is full of water it's a calamity. 

All this is due to the careful attention 
that is given to the minutest detail of 
construction by the lead men and assist- 
ants who are working under Glenn Hotch- 
kiss, Hull Foreman. 

The Hull Department is the largest 
manufacturing unit in the plant, and oc- 
cupies the largest area. In this department 
will be found many men who thru years 
of experience have progressed through the 
many changes in construction and size of 
ships and today can readily interpret the 
engineer's desires. The record made in 
turning out Model 31-X Boat in a little 
less than 10 months speaks for itself. 

Let's meet the boys who are pictured 

I| ^yl&M f -». #- I * " ^ 

' ^ A 

f » 


The Hull leadmen: Left to right: J. Hopman, 
T. Pawlicki, W. Beyer, H. Roese, N. Wire, 
F. Popp, K. Klien, G. Wire, H. McEwan, G. 
Hotchkiss, J. Doig, J. Penfield, R. Hayman, B. 
Rowan, R. Malcuit, N. Tuevsky, A. Clark, W. 
Bubel, L. Fischer, F. Grossher, C. Carson and 
A. Schitch. 

above. First, the Chief, Glenn Hotchkiss, 
not a boss, but a leader. He started with 
the old Thomas-Morse Aircraft Company 
in Ithaca, New York, and moved to 
Consolidated when that company became 
part of Consolidated Aircraft Corporation. 
Glenn is assisted by George Wire who has 
worked at Consolidated on every type boat 
we ever produced. Johnnie Penfield is in 
charge of Bottoms, and Frank Popp handles 
night supervision. These four men oversee 
and control the operations of this huge de- 
partment, but they are highly dependent 
on this large group of lead men. 

Freddie Grossher is in charge of Hull 
sub-assemblies which include bulkheads, 
beltframes, keel trusses, etc. He is assisted 
in turn by Norman Wire, Walter Babel 
and Louis Fisher. In the normal course of 
construction these boys handle hundreds 
of small details and fit and rivet them into 
complete units which go to make up the 
shape of the hull, act as bracing, or water- 
tight bulkheads. 

So complex is the Hull structure that 
its various units are broken down and 
various men are in charge of single opera- 
tions. In this group is Ted Powlicki, who 
oversees bottoms construction. Harry Mc- 
Ewan supervises the men riveting the skin 
and deck plating in place. Al Clark sees 
that the stringers are properly placed and 

The accessories such as the hatches and 
ventilators are installed by a group of men 
under the direction of Johnny Hopman, 
while Bert Napier and his boys assemble 
the fin units. 

Bob Haymen has charge of the group 
fitting and assembling units on the bow of 
the ship which includes the Anchor box, 
bomber's window and bow gun turrets. 
Nick Tuevsky handles the assemblies of 
the all-important details that make up the 
pilot's enclosure. , 

Walter Beyer and his boys install all the 
furnishings such as floor brackets, seat 
supports and ammunition racks while 
"Scotty" Doig sees that the superstructure 
is properly completed and installed. 

A large amount of material must be 
formed on the job to give the hulls their 
smooth lines. Andy Schitch handles this 
phase of the work. Remus Malcuit has 
charge of final cleanup and installs fittings 
and furnishings on the completed hulls 
and in a general way completes them for 
final assembly. 

Overseeing the millions of rivets used in 
a normal contract is Kurt Klein who seems 
to always remember that first hull water 
test and sees to it that he carries no more 
water. He has Joe Drozdy, Kit Carson and 
Herb Cook assisting him. Just look closely 
at the next Consolidated built hull, and 
notice the appearance of the rivets. 

These boys have grown with the in- 
dustry and at some time or other some of 
them have seen service in every aircraft 
manufacturing plant in the country. 

They are the backbone of today's in- 
dustry. But they never forget the humor- 
ous incidents that crop up in their daily 

work. They are all too anxious to tell how 
George Wire punched a hole through a 
chine one time, or how Dutch Klein riveted 
a tank in place and forgot he had a man 
behind it bucking rivets, of how one time 
a ship was balanced with two men work- 
ing inside on the tail, and when the whistle 
blew and they came forward the ship 
stood on its nose. They'll tell you about 
seasickness and deep-sea fishing, about their 
pet hobbies, tropical fish, horseback riding, 
but best of all I like to recall their readi- 
ness to jump in as a unit and work and 
plug . . . and let one of their group get a 
setback, and in less time than it takes to 
tell, these boys do something about it. 

We're sorry to stop here. We would like 
to tell you about Lajoie and his stories 
and fish, about Mayer, the Sheriff, who 
arranges the picnics and dances, and about 
Al Leonard the man who could replace all 
the comedians on the air with his witty 
sayings, but that's another story. 



I hope m 

have A h.qh TENSILE] 


need it -fc 
Jp^il out 


Oh, oh/ Something tfclls me 
of this egg isn't Quite 
up to p«s>r /.'' 



Lizzie , X Aone. told ^ou MOU couldn't 

go on reverse, stressin"" yourself like 

you is been without exceedin' your 




By Harry Campbell 

Part I. 

WERE we to receive a drawing of, 
say, a steel article to be machined 
which had on it this description: Material: 
CM Stl. a standard sample of which, when 
pulled in a testing machine, shows break- 
ing strength equivalent to 100,000 lbs. per,we should immediately seek to express 
this description with fewer words. The 
thought is simply expressed by two words 
and some figures thus: Tensile Strength — 
100,000 psi. If the drawing said: Material 
— Steel, such that a 120° diamond cone 
under an applied load of 150 kg. pro- 
duces in its surface an indentation of 
.00560", we should have every right to 
wonder why one or more heads shouldn't 
be examined. The same thing can be said 
with "Rockwell Hardness No. 70-C." 

While the above expressions, requiring 
respectively 15 and 21 words, may be ex- 
act, they are too darned long-winded for 
practical use, and substitutes of one or two 
words are provided, as is obvious from 
daily experience. The shorter expressions 
or words, short-cuts to communication if 
you will, are seen to be symbols for defi- 
nite chains of events or for specific pro- 
cesses carried out under controlled condi- 
tions. H.T. 125,000 psi and normalize, 
for example, represents a series of events 
requiring appreciable time to take place, 
and many words to describe exactly. 






and on 



Furniture Co. 

2368 Kettner at Kalmia 

As more knowledge of the properties 
of matter is accumulated, description of 
that knowledge and of the behavior of 
the materials becomes more precise, so that 
to cover many different kinds of situations 
more of these short-cut words and ex- 
pressions are required. Today there are so 
many that it is difficult to keep a clear 
understanding of all of them. These notes, 
not scientifically precise, have been put 
together to serve the writer as "refreshers" 
of what the short-cuts really mean. The 
most common terms relate to mechanical 
properties and processes as practiced daily 
in factories everywhere. 

Tensile Strength. This is usually the 
greatest load which a material can sus- 
tain when pulled upon from opposite di- 
rections. Expressed as lbs. per sq. in. of 

Compreisive Strength. Usually the 
greatest load (expressed as lb. per sq. in.) 
the material can sustain when acted upon 
by two opposing forces directed to a 
common point within the test sample. 
One well known example of this type of 
test is trying to crush an egg-shell in the 
hands by pressing the ends of the shell 
having the smallest radii. Some materials 
fail in compression with a shattering break 
(i.e. the egg-shell), but others only bend 
or otherwise deform. In the latter cases 
compressive strength is taken as that value 
which produces a given state of distortion 
considered to be failure. 

Yield Strength. The stress which pro- 
duces a specified permanent set, generally 
0.2'"(, is taken as the yield strength. As 
an illustration, consider a piece of glass 
tubing on which is scratched a pair of 
lines separated 2 in. Soften the glass tube 
by holding it in a Bunsen or alcohol lamp 
flame until a little pull will cause it to 
lengthen. Say it is pulled until the scratches 
are 2.2 5 in. apart. It will not snap back 

to its original length as will a rubber 
band, and is said to have taken "permanent 
set," of 0.2 5 in. This is 12.5";; of the 
original length, and the yield strength of 
that particular piece of glass for 12.5'^r set 
is the pull required to produce the set. 

Elongation. Varies with form and size 
of test specimen. A measure of the amount 
of stretch in the test specimen up to the 
point at which fracture occurs. This test 
is generally performed on the specimens 
used for determination of tensile strength. 

Young's Modulus of Elasticity (£). Ob- 
tained by dividing the stress in lbs. per 
sq. in. by the elongation or stretch pro- 
duced "by that stress. (Elongation meas- 
ured in fractions of 1 inch.) This ratio 
holds only throughout the range in which 
the stretching of the material is pro- 
portional to the stress producing it. Beyond 
this range, or beyond the elastic limit in 
other words, the material stretches with- 
out additional stress application. E for 
aluminum: 10,000,000, for aluminum al- 
loys: 10,300,000, for hard copper sheets: 
16,000,000, for nickel: 30,000,000, for 
steel: 29,000,000. 

Shear Strength. Shearing action is rep- 
resented by the machine called as such — 
the shear. A bar of material, say 3SO alloy, 
1 in. square might require 11,000 lbs. ap- 
plied on it by a knife blade, to be cut 
through. Rivets are subjected to shearing 
forces, as are also beams. The edge dis- 
tances in riveted joints must be such that 
the sheet metal will not shear out from 
around the rivet under normal loads. 

Endurance Limit. This is the stress 
value at which a great number of cycles 
of reversed stress may be applied to the 
material, without failure. It is used in 
design to insure that failure from stress 
reversal will not occur under any ordinani' 
condition of operation. The endurance 
limit is generally appreciably less than 


It Kas been rumored -thiit your ^\f^i 

nent hoiS occasions of man-tAl 
lieniii'tion? incoherent morosis, 
it migkt be SAtd , trcne'ticil 
rAngemtnt - AHl^dt would you9<V^' > 

Too long winded "for prdiclic&l use — J 


the elastic limit of the material. An ex- 
ample of the significance of this factor 
may be seen in the effect of repeatedly 
reversing a bend in a metal strip. The strip 
will fail at the bend, at a stress consider- 
ably smaller than the stress required to 
pull apart the strip in tension. 

Density. The measure of weight per 
unit of a material, as, density of steel is 
about 0.284 lbs. per cu. in. 

Specific Gravity. The measure of 
weight of a material compared with the 
weight of a standard volume of water. 
The standard volume is usually taken as 
the cu. ft. and to say that the specific 
gravity of a material is 3.3 is to say that 
the material weighs 3.3 x 62.5, or 206.5 
Ibj. per cu. ft. The density of water how- 
ever, is 62.5 lbs. per cu. ft. (Water, here 
refers to fresh water.) 

Hardness. The measurement by Brinell, 
Rockwell, Scleroscope, and Vickers, num- 
bers of hardness of materials is an indi- 
cation of the tensile strength. The Rock- 
well method, used throughout our plant 
because of its ease and simplicity, has been 
ably described in an article in October, 
1938, Consolidator by Mr. Lawrence 
Boeing, to which the reader is referred. 
(To be Continued.) 


By Max Goldman 

WELL it won't be surprising to see 
some day, "Slim" our "Land- 
Lubber" sailor, O'Donnell, come to work 
singing like a canary, as he is going to raise 
canaries in his back yard. 

Al Griffith and his friend Ollie Stewart 
are sure keeping themselves very busy these 
days in the Final Assembly touchup. The 
boys hope to see you both back soon in the 
Paint Shop. 

Ollie Stewart says he will go fishing 
again when the water is not so rough. 

Bert Naseef can't get the idea in his 
head that the California sunshine is pretty 
hot. One Sunday he stretched himself out 
on the beach and fell asleep. On awaken- 
ing he found he had received a severe case 
of sunburn. 

Our friend J. L. "Benny" Leonard had 
a wonderful week's vacation staying close 
to home this time. 

George Smith must have had a wonder- 
ful time last week-end at the Eagle's con- 
vention . . . he's still talking about it. 

Glad to see you back at work, Airhart. 
You must have had a severe injury to 
your leg that required you to walk with a 
crutch. Hope to see you soon without the 

At 20,000 feet altitude, gasoline will 
boil at 100° F. At 30,000 feet to 3 5,000 
feet it may be necessary to provide gaso- 
line coolers. 


By J. E. Hodgson 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Earl Woolsey, a 
son Jack Gordon, 7 lbs. 6 '/z ox. of health. 
Hurry up Jack! Consolidated needs men! 

All the boys extend their sympathy and 
best wishes to "Bill" Weaver, with the hope 
that no lasting harm will result, from the 
accidental injury he received recently, 
while working on his engine. 

W. L. Hartsman of the Tool Room came 
in on Monday wearing an extra large 
smile, and no wonder . . . June 17th was 
the date and Mrs. Harstman presented 
him with twins! The name problem has 
been solved: There was a boy and a girl, 
so the names are Kerry Mae and Gerry Ray 
. . . congratulations and thanks for the 


The presence of carbon monoxide is de- 
termined thru the use of a Hopcalite cell. 
The Hopcalite acts as a catalyst in con- 
verting the carbon monoxide into dioxide, 
producing heat in direct proportion to 
the amount of the monoxide present. 

"He riseth up early in the morning and 

disturbeth the whole household. 
Mighty are his preparations. 
He goeth forth full of hope. 
When the day is far spent he returneth, 

smelling of strong drink, 

and the truth is not in him." 

— Revelations 4-11-44. 


By Eddie Raymond 

. . . the wife of a sheet metal worker want 
to know if Connie Seaderquist is a blonde 
or brunette and what department she 
works in? 

. . . Larry Boeing have trouble using a 
right hand gage on a left hand thread? 
. . . stock chaser No. 23 brag about hav- 
ing his money on winning horses, when 
he really plays the merry-go-round? 
. . . Ballard, Craig or Coughlin lose so 
gracefully in the summer league bowling? 
. . . Lou Miller shiver when someone sug- 
gests an ocean fishing trip? "Can't take 
it," he says. 

. . . Larry Boeing bemoan the fact that 
he lost his stooge in La Jolla? 
. . . Connie Seaderquist go deep sea fishing 
when he never wets a line? "But I sure 
fed the fishes," says Connie. 
. . . Emerson Roy promise to caddy for 
everyone, then refuse to do so? 
. . . Roy Coykendall beg and plead with 
everyone to go fishing with him? 

Rentals • Insurance • Sale; 

(Automobile Service) 



Savoy Theater BIdg., 234 C St. 


MAIN 1014 




At left: A sample of splicing of cables done by Gus Johnson, to sho 
the old saw, "How long is a piece of string?") Center: Gus Johnson insert 
Roeckel looks on. Right: Two cable swaged terminals. The lower one ha 
each wire. At the bottom is a sample of the older method employing a 




r splicer can make an t 
inal end in the swaging 
been cut away to show how the tern 
:himble and the hand splice. 

ndless cable. (Possibly this is the 
machine while his right hand i 
inal grips the cable by being forn 

answer to 
lan, Ernie 
ed around 


WHEN Gus Johnson, who heads the 
cable group in the bench depart- 
ment, started learning about cables, there 
just wasn't any Consolidated. That was 30 
years ago, and he's been working with 
cables ever since. Gus started accumulat- 
ing his knowledge of cables, or wire rope, 
when he went to work for the American 
Steel and Wire Company back in 1909, 
and he's been adding to that knowledge 
ever since. There's little about cables that 
Gus doesn't know from firsthand experi- 
ence, for he has worked at every phase of 
cable making, and there's little about their 
behavior he can't explain. There are some 
1,800 feet of control cables in each PBY, 
just to give you an idea of the part played 
by the group Gus heads. 

Gus actually started in the bar mill with 
the converting of steel ingots into pigs, 
and pigs into rods. After the making of 
the steel, the conversion of the pigs to 
rods is the first step in cable production. 
The rods are rolled from the pigs while 
they are hot, and are fed back thru suc- 
cessive rolls until the outside diameter has 
been rolled down to a diameter of from 
3/16 to J/8 of an inch. This rod is then 

Good Food at 
Moderate Pricea 

Open Sunday* 
and Holidays 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixtk Ave. 

Bet^veen Broad^vay and C St.. San Die^o 

coiled into rolls about four feet in diameter 
for easy handling and shipment to the 
various wire mills. 

Gus not only gained experience in the 
rod mill, but in the wire mill as well. The 
rolls of rod, on being received by the wire 
mill, are annealed, pickled and carefully 
cleaned in preparation for the drawing 
of the wire. The wire mill, in contrast to 
the rod mill, works the rod down to the 
proper sized wire for the cables or rope, 
while the metal is cold. Being worked cold, 
it of course becomes quite hard. 3/16 rod, 
for instance, may be drawn down to 3/32 
wire which is quite hard. To reduce the 
wire beyond 3/32, it must be annealed, 
pickled and carefully washed and cleaned 
once more, before it is drawn down farther. 
Cleanliness as well as softness due to an- 
nealing is essential for good wire, as bits 
of foreign matter drawn thru the reduc- 
ing die with the steel, would cause flaws 
in the finished wire. 

A difference, besides the temperatures 
at which rod-making and wire-making is 
carried out, is that rod is rolled and wire 
is drawn. The wire mill pulls the rod or 
annealed wire thru single piece dies. The 
hole in the die thru which the wire is 
drawn is tapered and reamed to the exact 
size desired for the finished wire. These 
dies, of course, take considerable punish- 
ment as the miles of wire are drawn thru 
them, and the holes become enlarged in 
time. There are die reamers at the wire 
mills who devote their time to hammering 
the metal about the die holes back, and 
then carefully reaming the hole out once 
more to its proper size. 

Steel is the material of most dies, but 
for very fine wire diamonds with minute 
holes drilled in them are employed. Fine 
wire, such as is used in aircraft cables, has 
been annealed and drawn again and again 
before reaching its prescribed size. 

Following the wire drawing machines 
in the making of the cables are the strand- 
ing machines, a strand bemg a bundle of 
wires which goes into the finished cable or 
rope. Gus has operated these machines 
which accommodate 7, 19 or whatever 
number of wires may be used to form the 
strands. It is essential in this operation 
that the tension be adjusted properly so 
that the strands will have little stretch to 
them when incorporated in the cable. 

The built-up strands are then assembled 
on the cable or rope machine which twists 
the strands into the cable. The majority 
of cables or wire rope as it is more gen- 
erally called, and which is found in gen- 
eral use, differs from aircraft cable. Most 
of it of course is much larger, but the 
principal difference is that the core is made 
of hemp or manila, instead of a strand of 
wires. The reason for the use of the soft 
core is that it prevents the strands of wire 
from grinding against each other, acts 
as a cushion for the strands and also as a 
reservoir for the cable's internal lubrica- 
tion. It has the disadvantage for aircraft 
use in the fact that this core becomes com- 
pacted in passing over a pulley under load 
and thus allows the cable to stretch. This 
is not particularly disadvantageous in the 
majority of industrial uses, but it is in air- 
craft applications. Therefore the aircraft 
cables have a steel core. This does not com- 

July, 1939 


pact and the tendency to elongate is 
greatly lessened. 

Gus not only worked on these phases of 
the building of cables, but he spent a con- 
siderable amount of time in splicing cables 
for hawsers, etc. This formed an excellent 
background for aircraft work which Gus 
entered when he joined Consolidated in 
1927. At that time all aircraft cables 
which had to pass over pulleys were hand- 
spliced on their ends. This was and is, a 
skilled job which takes considerable time. 
Those cables which do not pass over 
pulleys, or in other words are not sub- 
jected to flexing, were wrapped with wire 
and soldered at their ends. None of the 
cables of that day were pre-formed. When 
you cut a length of cable it would start 
to unwind very easily and the cable, un- 
less care was taken, would become a frayed 
mess at the end, quite difficult to lay back 
in its proper form. This was the status 
of airplane cable work when Gus started to 
splice cables for the PTs and NYs. 

Since then two important improve- 
ments have been made. One of these is the 
pre-forming of cables. In pre-forming, 
each wire that enters into a cable is given 
the shape it will have to assume later in the 
completed cable, before it is assembled in 
the cable machine. Thus the assembled 
cable built up of pre-formed wires, has 
all the wires laying "at ease" within its 
structure. The wires and the strands when 
the cable is cut, do not have a tendency 
to fly apart. Pre-formed cable is easier to 
handle when making a splice. 

The second improvement is the replace- 
ment of the spliced end with the swaged 
terminal. Instead of bending the ends of 
the cable assemblies over thimbles and 
laboriously interweaving and pulling each 
strand snug until a sound splice is ac- 
complished (which incidentally took good 
judgment to make the cable come out to 
the right length) the cable end is simply 
inserted in the terminal and the terminal 
swaged down over it by machine. The 
swaging operation grips the cable with 
unbelievable force. In fact, the cable will 
always break before the swaged terminal 
will yield its grip. 

In attaching the swaged terminal, the 
swaging action elongates the terminal 
somewhat. For this reason, one end is 
swaged first. Then the cable is carefully 
measured, making allowance for the elon- 
gation which will occur in attaching the 
remaining terminal and for the stretching 
of the cable due to proof-loading. Some 
allowance is also made for the slight dif- 
ference in stretch which occurs between 
different reels of cable. This variation is 
not much, but when you are holding long 

cables to less than 1/16 of an inch in 
variation as to length, it has to be taken 
into consideration. Gus explains the slight 
difference sometimes encountered in the 
amount of stretch between reels of cable, 
as being due to a slight difference in the 
tension exerted on the spools of wire in 
building up the cable. In other than air- 
craft work this slight variation would 
probably not be detected, but since each 
aircraft cable is rather highly proof- 
loaded, the variation does show up. 

After the cables have been cut and both 
terminals have been swaged on, they are 
placed in the proof-loading machine and 
automatically loaded to 60 ^f of their ulti- 
mate strength. They are held at this point 
for 3 minutes and then released. Before the 
advent of the present automatic proof- 
loading machine (which incidentally was 
designed and built here in our plant) the 
cable proofing and stretching was done 
with a lever arm and weights. The idea of 
proof-loading, besides proving that the 
cable will stand up under its design load, is 
to pre-stretch it. This prevents the control 
system from becoming "sloppy" due to 
stretching under normal usage. 

All cables, after proof-loading and in- 
spection, were formerly soaked in a boiling 
solution of white lead and tallow. This 
was to provide lubrication and to protect 
them against corrosion. The soaking oc- 
cupied a considerable period of time to 
insure the full penetration to the inner- 
most portions of the cables. Now the new 
rust preventative, Paralketone, is being 
used for this purpose and may possibly sup- 
plant the long used lead and tallow. 

Flexible cable, which is composed of 
seven strands of seven wires each; extra 
flexible, which is composed of seven 
strands of nineteen wires each, and non- 
flexible cable is used. The flexible and 
extra-flexible cables find by far the most 
predominant use. Where it is necessary to 
run control cables near the compasses, 

stainless steel cable is employed because of 
its non-magnetic qualities. 

While the aviation industry is a com- 
paratively recent innovation, the progress 
that has been made is often taken as re- 
markable. There is one thing about this 
progress, however, which is not so readily 
apparent and this is the fact that the me- 
chanical skill and knowledge assembled be- 
hind the aviation industry extends much 
farther than is appreciated. Gus Johnson's 
thirty years of experience with cables and 
cable making is a good example of this. 
The rapid progress made is based on a very 
wide footing of experience and knowledge. 

Remember, when you get down in the 
mouth, don't take it too badly. Jonah 
"ame out all right. 

Metalsmith: "Now I'm going to re- 
move this iron from the fire and lay it 
on the anvil. When I nod my head, hit it 
hard with the hammer." 

A doctor received a note which read as 

"Please call and see my husband. It's 
his head. He's had it off and on all yes- 
terday, and today he's sitting with it in 
liis hands between his knees." 

And says the colored gentleman, "Jegge, 
ah pleads guilty an' waives the hearing." 
"What do you mean — waive the hearing?" 
he was asked. "Well," he replied, "Ah jes' 
doan wanna heah no moah about it, tha's 

There's one sure cure for the blues in 
this world. I recommend it to you . . . 
go and do something you don't want to 
do for somebody else. 

These ifords should be stuck on every 
ivindshield — "What has not happened to 
me in more than ten years of driving — 
can happen in less than ten seconds." 



Consolidated Philosophy 

The happiness of your life depends upon 
the quality of your thoughts, therefore 
guard them well. 

Thoughts reveal character. 

Thinking is the talking of the soul with 

The victory of success is half won when 
one gains the habit of work. 

It is the merry heart that maketh the 
cheerful countenance, and it is the cheer- 
ful countenatice that spreads cheer to make 
other hearts merry. 

People who are worthless are not talked 
about very much. It is the man who is 
trying to make the most of his time and 
talents who is a target for the abuse and 
aspersions of jealous minds. 

// you have idle time to spend don't 
spend it with someone who hasn't. 

The measure of a man's character is 
what he would do if he knew he would 
never be found out. 

// isn't the hope or the wish or the 
dream! It isn't the vision, the thought or 
the scheme; it isn't the aim and it isn't the 
plan — it's just what he does that deter- 
mines the 7nan. 

He who knows not and knows not that 
he knows not is a fool. — Shun him. 

He who knows not and knows that he 
knows not is simple. — Teach him. 

He who knows and knows not that he 
knows is asleep. — Wake him. 

He who knows and knows that he knows 
is ivise. — Follow him. 


The man who graduates today and 
stops learning tomorrow is uneducated the 
day after. 


1. Ralph Berg and his catch of Barracuda and Bass, 
generations, John and Mrs. Cossar, Mrs. Schilling and so 
look happy, but, OH! poor turkey! S. Campbell Mur 
landed some time ago at Imperial Beach. 6. Believe it 


Beach, comprises Eddie and Mrs. Rimmer, Bob 
looking into Grand Canyon, May 28, '3 9. 

2. "Robbie" Robmson and his catch. 3. Three 
n, Bobby. 4. Jack Benkner and wee Kathleen 
ray holding a bone from a whale which was 
or not. Bill Gilchrist at work! 7. Group at 

tid Mrs. Brabban and neighbor ladies. 

D. W. 


Broadujov ot Tenth 


By Al. Leonard 

SAMMY GALLASCO is rapidly losing 
weight working at his combined job 
of riveting and desk polishing. Not only 
will Sammy fill your requisition for you 
but he is only too glad to get what you 
want, deliver it to you and come back 
every ten minutes to see how you are 
getting along. 

Freddy Grossher finally overcame his 
thirteenth hole jinx to win the second 
Hull Department golf championship. Mike 
"Interior Decorator" Brooks almost had 
the match won but he said he was so 
anxious to get home and do some wall- 
paper pasting before his wife got hold of 
him and did some pasting, that he just 
couldn't play his usual game of golf. 

George Wire says, "Is'nt it quiet with- 
out 'Yap-Yap' Hopman around." 

Where was George Landy the other 
morning when some of the boys stopped 
to pick him up? There was a large "Do 
Not Disturb" sign stuck on his door. We 
hope he will have a good excuse ready as 
his wife will be home next week. 

The Hull Dept. claims the record for all 
time in making the greatest number of 
trips back East. One Hull man says he 
counted no less than 3,126 Hull families 
on the road on his trip. He said there were 
many more traveling at night that he 
couldn't count as he only drove his car in 
the daytime. 

A Hollywood screen talent scout came 
down and gave certain Hull men screen 
tests for a pirate mob scene. They were suc- 
cessful and will appear soon in a new film. 

Their pictures will be found elsewhere in 
the Consolidator. 

The Hull Dept. has in its midst a new 
dispatcher who can sure take it, hard luck 
Bradshaw by name . . . can be seen limp- 
ing thru the plant most all hours of the 
day. First was an auto accident (taking 
an island for a white stripe while sober 
for some reason) Brad rolled his car over 
several times bruising himself here and 
there, but he healed quickly, only to sprain 
his leg by doing an "immelman turn" off 
the amphibian buck. Due to carrying a 
heavy cast on his leg Brad has been locked 
up in the stock room several times, being 
unable to make the door at quitting time. 

Don't go into debt trying to impress 
the Jones family, who are probably in 
debt trying to impress you. 

Worry is the interest paid by those who 
borrow trouble. 

The more extensive a man's knowledge 
of what has been done, the greater will be 
his power of knowing what to do. 

What man can conceive, man can 


1. Frise. 

2. Airline. 

3. Stall. 

4. Tab. 

5. Sesquiplane. 

6. Root. 

7. Glide. 

8. Germany. 

9. 2 5 '"f higher yield strength. 
10. Yaw. 

July, 1939 



By "Brad" Bradshaw 

SOMEWHAT handicapped in making 
the rounds this month because of a bad 
Hmp, which may have been the result of 
over exertion in my new position by at- 
tempting to carry a PBY hull into the 
paint shop, or a defect common to people 
who have walked too much in the moun- 
tain country. Draw your own conclusions, 
but I won't admit falling off the curb 
after leaving a "refreshment parlor" as 
contended by Jim Patton and Henry 
Golem, Machine Shop propagandists, who 
were probably having hallucinations of 
mistaken identity, usually caused from an 
overdose of "white lightning." 

I find it more difficult to dispose of 
surplus food in the Hull Department than 
at my former location at lunch time. 
"Those guys in the Heat Treat may throw 
anything down their esophagus," says 
Hotchkiss, "but for me, it's gotta be whole 
wheat bread, pickles, lettuce, and onions 
both." (Probably want a fingerbowl and 
napkin also.) 

Don't be alarmed by those loud noises 
heard on Tuesday evenings as it is only 
the Production lads blasting that spheroid 
commonly called "apple" or "pill", over 
the lot and the fans yelling "Kill the Um- 
pire," as the Consolidated Softball League 
swings into action. Captain Les "Fireball" 
Matusek and his gang of fence busters, 
includes "Goofy" Rasmussen, "Rube" 
Coykendall, "Flash" Liddle, "Jitterbug" 
Gaughan, "Little Poison" Higdon, "Feets" 
Luppke, "Slugger" Clark, "Iron Man" 
Miller, "Carrot" Brady, "and "Nick" 
Carter. The writer is managing the team, 
with duties such as taking care of bats and 
balls, paying the umpire when the boys 
forget the nickels, and mapping the strat- 
egy that lost the game. The fellows are all 
steamed up and are going to be tough to 
handle. "Throw 'em and duck," they say. 
It's a great game but funny after a hun- 
dred years they have never found an um- 
pire who can see. Ump Bell says, "That 
remark will probably cost your team the 

The shy and retiring president of the 
Rod and Reel Club, whom we cannot name 
due to his dislike for publicity, arranged 
a fishing trip for the members and the least 
publicity given the affair the better. It 
seems the fish got wind of a certain A.V.O. 
written by Mr. Pres. and decided to co- 
operate, knowing that if a record catch 
was made the news hounds would upset 
this executive no end. So, the little fishes 
just swam and swam and had a great time. 

"Texas" Hotchkiss, finally in disgust, 
threw down his pole, grabbed a rope and 
lassoed one by the tail. It weighed 8 lbs., 
hardly enough fish to give "scurvy" to 
14 fishermen. Now could that "Yogi" have 
had anything to do with all this? 

Nothing short of European royalty will 
cause Ed Stewart to rush home and change 
fh rts before serving as a guide for visitors. 
So the California Bankers Association mem- 
bers did not get to see Ed dressed in his best 
"Bib and Tucker" during their sojourn 
through the plant. A solution Ed, would 
be one of those reversible "in and out" tail 
affairs, that have been used in the Orient 
for many years and recently introduced at 
Consolidated by those up to the minute 
fashion experts Bill Liddle, Ted Anderson 
and Kel Aiken. 

While on the subject of clothes we hear 
Liddle is offering a dazzling "Robin Egg 
Blue" pantaloon creation for sale at re- 
duced price. The color, according to Bill, 
is identical to a coat worn by B:ng Crosby 
and he is selling because the "halo" it pro- 
duces detracts the force from their work. 
But confidentially, Bill just learned that 
what Crosby was wearing turned out to 
be a horse blanket he was using to try and 
scare one of his "bangtails" in to first 
money. Better luck peddling them south 
of the tracks Bill. 

Nick "Depopolas" Tuevesky, Hull De- 
partment's gift to the field of music, has 
moved his piano, by choice or request, to 
his new mountain cabin in the Lagunas. 
Glenn Hotchkiss, Harry McEwan, Frank 
Popp, Geo. Landy, and Hank Yogerst were 
the "muscle men" that moved the music 
box to the new location where it will re- 
main unless the coyotes object to Nick 
stealing their stuff. The persuader was a 
keg of beer and a picture was made of it 
being rolled up the hill but none of the 
imbibers rolling down. 

Lloyd Bender is just about ready to 
bring that "trusty shootin' iron" of his 
into action again to protect his claim on 
the six square feet of space he has left after 
the Tool Design and Plant Engineering 
made their latest "land grab." "The way 
those invaders are jumping claims is un- 
constitutional," says Lloyd, "one more 
move and they will get both barrels." 
Gloating over their latest "putsch", Dic- 
tators Van Doren and Jim Kite say, 
"Phoey to those squatters, if they can get 
by with that stuff in Europe so can we." 
Perry Ogden has been seen at Material 
Stores looking over the mezzanine which 

may result in the birth of an idea. Paul 
Hoch and Bill Holman contend that it's 
a coalition and fear they may suffer the 
same fate as the Czechs and Roumanians. 

A mysterious "Yogi" that came into our 
here-to-fore bustling little city of La Jolla 
which has always supplied our column 
with some choice morsels of news, has put 
a cramp on the writer and we wish to 
protest. It seems this meditating philos- 
opher has used his magical powers to the 
extent that those once carousing playboys 
now think they are very aged. Instead of 
making the rounds and digging up some 
excitement, they go quietly home, read a 
good Hindu book, and go into a trance 
until work time. We notice one of the 
disciples is letting his hair grow and when 
last seen it was about ready to braid. There 
isn't even any entertainment left as the 
"Yogi" has eaten all the radio tubes in 

Flashes along the grapevine during the 
month informed me that: The last traveler 
with a "green tag" stamped by Jim Eisman 
was on Saint Patrick's Day. Frank Morse 
is not collecting the neighbor's crankcase 
oil drains of late as he has another car, 
with top, engine and fenders. He's not 
hauling passengers now as this one starts 
without pushing. Bill Fleet discounts the 
rumor that he migrated into the south 





you see our Village of 
MODEL HOMES at 14th 
and K Sts. When you see the 
interior of these MODELS 
your planning troubles will be 
over. Seeing is believing. May 
we be your guide and consult- 
ant in helping you to decide 
your NEW HOME. There 
will be no obligation on your 


14th and K Streets . Main 7191 

iily • Oceanslde - El Centro 

V 41!8 Universili 




with the "carpet baggers." "Those re- 
marks by Mr. O'Connor are fightin' words, 
suh," says Bill, "and if continued will 
mean another licking for the Yankees." 
Question: Is one classed as a Yankee be- 
cause he lived all his life in North Tona- 
wanda? Larry Boeing is getting a lot of 
additional work in the crib since Jerry 
Lytell took all his precision tools home to 
give the new baby an inspection. You are 
responsible Jerry, so be careful with those 
rejection tags. Jess Brown not to be out- 
done reports a fine 8 pound girl and de- 
scribes her, as usual, with his hands when 
telling of the big one that got away. When 
you get a Bass that size Jess, you may win 
a prize. Eddie Kellogg processing spare 
parts informs us that it's very difficult to 
keep from writing an A.V.O. when he 
marks down a "Crib Inspection." It is 
reported one read, "Love and kisses to 
Larry from Eddie." If we could only get 
hold of that diary and pictures and print 
a feature article entitled, "Connie at Cata- 
lina," would Mr. Seaderquist have red ears. 
Walt Hassler was disappointed on seeing 
the Follies and moans "Darned if it ain't 
a fact the fan is quicker than the eye." 
Henry Golem, Dan Miller, and Roy Larce- 
val are finding it more difficult to hide 
since that rack was installed in Machine 
Shop to designate their location. After 
watching Inspector Russ Kern leaping 
from bulkhead to beltframe in the PBY-1 
hulls we can understand why he's a moun- 
tain climber. 

Phone Jackson 2011 Chick Runyon 
"The Blind Man" 



University Window Shade Co. 

102,3 University Avenue 

Eddie Kellogg is given a chance to prove 
his alibi for attending Epworth League 
Sunday evenings on 43rd Street. That 
happens to be in my territory and it will 
be best for Ed to keep on the other side 
of the tracks. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ray Hartmayer have been 
tabbed the perfect host and hostess by 
Tommy Butterfield after he made a casual 
call and with his usual cleverly placed 
hints was treated to a "short beer." "I 
really earned that drink," wails Tommy, 
"Thos 'Indian givers' got more work out 
of me during the next three hours than 
th? entire Wing crew does in a day with 
Herb Ezard cracking the whip." Tommy 
paid that visit just before the Hartmayers 
began their vacation trip and we mean 
paid. Says Tom, "If I had bought that 
beer it would have been a nickel well 

That "poor house poker", one of the 
favorite indoor pastimes around pay day, 
is well named according to Jack Mulroy. 
After a session at Lou Miller's "clip joint" 
with such "sharks" as Tom Jones, Benny 
Leonard, Tommy Butterfield and the 
writer. "Combining Chief dispatching 
duties with playing 'Screwy Louie' will 
probably give me a place in the 'nut 
house' instead of 'poor house'," laments 

Index to Advertisements 

Baranov 3rd Cover 

Eastman Kodaks 6 

Exclusive Florists 3rd Cover 

Frazee Paints 14 

Friedrick Rental Bureau 11 

Fuller, W. P 2nd Cover 

Gazosa 2nd Cover 

Goodyear 5 

Hacker Service 2 

Hendry, C. 1 3 

[ohnson-Saum 2nd Cover 

Miller Service 16 

Morgan's Cafeteria 12 

Mountain Meadow 13 

Quc'litee Dairy Products 16 

Salmons 4 Wolcott 3rd Cover 

Standard Furniture 10 

Starrett Tools 3rd Cover 

University Window Shade Co 16 

Wellpot, W. W 7 

Whiting-Mead 15 

Wines Coffee Co 2nd Cover 



21 ve It'^ 


Mau We 




^(l5lt YOUR CHECK- 
We gladly make 
arrangements each 
week to offer you 
this friendly free 



(^£C^ Every automotive 
need can easily be 
taken care of in 
one of our 20 fully 
equipped depart- 
ments in either of 
our two stations. 

f-^/y^/*iy Our very easy bud- 
get terms made 
available to you on 
all tire, retread and 
battery sales with 
only your "white 
slip" as identifica- 
tion. No delay — 
immediate service. 

Our Home Appli- 
ance Department 
offers you a wide 
selection of the 
newest and most 
modern in all home 
appliances — avail- 
able to you on the 
easiest of terms. 

Miller Service, Inc. 

32nd and 

30th and 
El Cajon 




are recognized leaders in the Aircraft Industry 



Send her flowers from 




THE Engineers held their monthly 
Golf Tournament at the San Diego 
Country Club, Chula Vista, on Sunday, 
June 18, 1939. 

This tournament attracted quite a few 
more new golfers and it turned out to be 
one of the closest the Engineer's have had. 
The scores and winners are listed below; 
also a list showing the handicap of each 


R. Miller Ist Low Net, 69 

T. J. Coughlin 1st Low Net, 69 

C. Yater 2nd Low Net, 71 

C. Ekrem 3rd Low Net, 71 

Moe 3rd Low Net, 72 

B. Sheahan Low Putts, 28 

W. Ring Low Putts, 28 

P. Bourque Low Gross, 84 


Robbins 1st Low Net, 6S 

I. Craig 2nd Low Net, 70 

R. Schwarz 2nd Low Net, 70 

D. Miller 3rd Low Net, 71 

E. Raymond 3rd Low Net, 71 

E. Watts 4th Low Net, 75 

W. Devlin 4th Low Net, 75 

M. Weber Low Putts, 30 

L. Layko Low Gross, 98 


Hinckley 1st Low Net, 66 

Growald 2nd Low Net, 67 

Stacy 3rd Low Net, 71 

Rosenbaum 4th Low Net, 73 

Whitney 5 th Low Net, 74 

Taber Sth Low Net, 74 

George Low Gross, 103 

Whitaker Low Putts, 34 

Achterkcrchen Low Putts, 34 


Hemphill 5 

Bourque 10 

Rhodes 10 

Sheahan 11 

Miller 11 

Moe 16 

Freel 16 

, 5 Purcell 

C. Ekre 






Sebold 17 May 

Exclusively at Baranov's 




• Waterproof! 

• Shockproof 

A marvelous 17-jewel watch 
for men. Two-tone gilt semi- 
index dial. Waterproof strap. 
Built for men of action. 

only 37-50 

A Year to Pay 




Robbins 20 

N. Ekrem 21 

R, Schwarz 21 

McGuiness 23 

Weber 23 

Gandee 23 

D. Miller 23 

Kelley 24 








Goddard 24 

Bender 2! 

Golem 25 

MacDougal 26 

Waller 26 

Ohman 26 

Carlson 27 

Lutz 27 


Stephens 27 

Devlin 28 

Dormay 29 

Reade 29 

George 29 


McGee 30 

Hinckley 30 

Stacy 30 

Rosenbaum 32 

Achterkerchen , , 34 

Whitney 36 

Schurr 36 

Rohn . . 
Eldred . 
Taber . 

See u'i regaydjmg mvj 



Automobile Public 
Liability and Property 
Damage Insurance 

(which also provide 
a return of 15% on 
the premium, pro- 
vided no losses are 
incurred during the 
12 months the poli- 
cy is in effect) 

316 S. D. Trust & Savings 


"Coast to Coast Protection and Service" 


Kimble 45 

Minch 45 

Gerber 45 

Whitaker 45 



Halsey 45 

Winters 45 

Dolan 45 

Palsulich 45 

Mohr 45 

White 45 

B. Craig 45 

Clements 45 

The next tournament will be held at 
the La JoUa Golf Course on Sunday, July 
23, 1939. 


And, although there may be some truth 
in the ancient adage that fine feathers 
make fine birds, "fillet de boeuf et pommes 
de terres hachis a I'Hibernais" is nothing 
but good old Irish stew. 



\ - 


,.,^ec^ ^^^^°' K^A^'^^^' 

.\\\ ^^ 




















AUGUST • 1939 

M&u We 







We gladly make 
arrangements each 
week to offer you 
this friendly free 

Every automotive 
need can easily be 
taken care of in 
one of our 20 fully 
equipped depart- 
ments in either of 
our two stations. 


Our very easy bud- 
get terms made 
available to you on 
all tire, retread and 
battery sales with 
only your "white 
slip" as identifica- 
tion. No delay — 
immediate service. 

Our Home Appli- 
ance Department 
offers you a wide 
selection of the 
newest and most 
modern in all home 
appliances — avail- 
able to you on the 
easiest of terms. 

Miller Service, Inc. 

32nd and 

Jackson 4101 

30th and 
EI Cajon 

Ran. 1667 




Members of the growing "Consolidated Family" . . . take advantage 
of our new "Budget Plan," permitting you to combine all types of 
purchases as a single item, and allowing as long as FOUR MONTHS TO PAY! 




Budget Department 
Mezzanine — 6th Ave. 

We Cash Payrotl Checks 

BROADWAY 5th, 6th and E Sts. 


By D. R. K. 
Credit yourself with 10 for each ques- 
tion answered correctly. Answers will be 
found on page 14. 

1. The intersection of the bottom with 
the side of a float or hull on an airboat is 
termed what? 

2. What is the proper name given a 
tapered fabric sleeve pivoted on a standard 
to indicate the direction of wind at an 

3. Who made the first blind landing 
with an airplane and at what field? 

4. What is the greatest recorded speed 
an airplane has attained to date? 

5. A type of oil-damping device that 
depends on the flow of oil thru an orifice 
for its shock absorbing effect in a landing 
gear is called what? 

6. Name the instrument that measures 
the attitude of an aircraft with respect to 
the horizontal. 

7. What colloquial term is used describ- 
ing the motion made when the tail of an 
airplane is swung from side to side to re- 
duce speed in approaching the ground for 
a landing? 

8. The after part of a keel (or extension 
of) is called what? 

9. How many colleges are participating 
in the initial phase of the C.A.A. pilot's 
training program? 

10. Who is chairman of the Civil Aero- 
nautics Authority? 

Good Food at 
Moderate Prices 

Open Sundays 
and Holidays 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixtt Ave. 

Bet^v^een Broad^vay and C St., San Dietfo 





/Ae ex.pen6e ii a. mtittet ok uout oivn aeilte 


Fourth Ave. and Ash St. MORTUARY Phone, Main 6168 


Volume 4 

August, 1939 

Number 8 


ON the afternoon of July 10th, Mr. 
Arthur C. Babson, director of the 
educational division of Babson's Statistical 
organization, paid Consolidated Aircraft 
a brief visit. Mr. Babson's work of course, 
is concerned with statistical analysis of 
business trends and the progress of the 
country, and he is in an excellent position 
to observe and comment upon industry 
and government in general. 

Asked for a bit of comment or advice 
that might be passed along thru the Con- 
solidator, Mr. Babson selected government 
as his subject. He stated that while we are 
naturally concerned with how the gov- 
ernment affects us as individuals, we should 
adopt a broader viewpoint and consider 
how the policies or proposed plans of gov- 
ernment will affect the whole community. 
Matters of government are not such that 
they may be brushed aside lightly, was 
his view; for we are, after all, all in the 
same boat, and that which will affect one 
will affect all. Working men, he advised, 
should concern themselves with govern- 
ment and government efficiency. Efficiency 
in government is necessary, he stated, for 
the best effects thru government, and the 
best ultimate effect upon the individual. 

Caution your fellow workers, he ad- 
vised, to consider not so much what a 
proposed bit of legislation will do for him- 
self as an individual, but what sort of a 
load it will ultimately throw upon the 
whole community. The dollars we are put- 
ting aside today for our individual future 
security will be called into account later 
to supply the security we desired at the 
time we set them aside. Thus Mr. Babson 
gave his view of the attitude he believes 
the working man should take of govern- 
ment and government legislation. Mr. 
Babson's observations come, of course, 
from a viewpoint entirely outside of avia- 
tion, gained thru the study of statistical 
trends and their effect upon business, the 
welfare of the country, and the lives of 
the people. 

Genius is one-tenth inspiration, and 
nine-tenths perspiration. 

Another Routine Delivery 

The U. S. Navy, flying our PBY air- 
planes seems to have a way of breaking 
records as a matter of "routine." On June 
2 8 th, 15 more PBYs were flown on a 
massed, non-stop flight from San Diego 
to Hawaii, to arrive without incident in 
16 hours, 17 min. The previous time for 
one of these massed flights, in itself a 
record, was 17 hours and 17 minutes. Lieut. 
Comdr. Sam La Hache was in charge of 
the group. 105 officers and men were 
aboard. The distance is 2,2 5 3 miles. 

In the interest of good citizen- 
ship, every employee of Consoli- 
dated should be absolutely sure 
that he or she is properly registered 
and eligible to vote at the special 
election of November 7th. 

To be eligible to vote, it is nec- 
essary for all those who did not 
vote in the primary last August, or 
the general election last November 
to register by September 28 th. 
The importance of being able to 
express your viewpoint at the polls 
cannot be over-emphasized. 


Here is an interesting fact pertaining to 
the manufacture of large airplanes in the 
United States: Taking as an arbitrary 
measure of 'bigness' the wing span of 100 
feet or more, and including the airplane 
equivalent of spares furnished; Consoli- 
dated has constructed more than three 
times as many such airplanes as all other 
manufacturers combined. This includes 
those built during the World War period. 
Consolidated of course came into existence 
considerably after the war . . . 1923, and 
figuring from that time, Consolidated has 
built approximately four times as many 
as all other U. S. manufacturers combined. 
Since a goodly share of these are the PBYs, 
many of the present plant personnel can 
take justifiable pride in having contributed 
considerably to the establishment of this 


Many prominent persons paid Consoli- 
dated visits during the month of July. 
Among them was Lt. Col. W. O. Ryan, 
detailed to U. S. Army War College as In- 
structor in Air Service problems, suc- 
ceeding Lt. Col. B. Q. Jones. Ryan visited 
Consolidated while making a nation-wide 
inspection trip to survey Air Corps fa- 
cilities, including facilities of Air Corps 


RECENTLY, Judge Clark of the Su- 
perior Court of the County of Los 
Angeles awarded Consolidated Aircraft 
Corporation a judgment of $1,910.50 
against Gilbert A. Henry, a former em- 
ployee who was sent under contract at a 
52/1 increase in salary plus expenses to 
Taganrog, U.S.S.R., to assist in the design 
and engineering work required for the 
maintenance of airplanes similar to the 
commercial versions of Model 28. 

The judgment awarded by the court 
covered cash advanced to and expenditures 
made on behalf of Mr. Henry while he 
was enroute to the U.S.S.R. 

Upon arriving at Moscow, some 600 
miles short of his ultimate destination, 
Mr. Henry refused to continue with the 
other members of the party and returned 
to the United States. 

Mr. Henry filed a cross-complaint 
against the company seeking to recover 
principally salary for a period of six months 
after he left San Diego. The basis of his 
cross-complaint was that conditions at 
Taganrog had been misrepresented to him 
by the company. He could not sustain this 
contention, however, because he turned 
back before reaching Taganrog, and the 
court would not permit him to testify 
regarding conditions about which he knew 
only through hearsay. 

It is regrettable that Mr. Henry forced 
the company to resort to litigation in or- 
der to establish a claim arising from a con- 
tract which was deliberately breached by 

There are 2,260 airports and landing 
fields in the U. S., 177 in California. 

All communications should be addressed to the C0N50LIDAT0R, c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, California. 
Permission to reprint, in whole or in part, any of the subject matter herein, is gladly granted any estabhshed_publicatiori^^pr_ovided_ proper credit is ^^yen the 
CONSOLIDATOR. Material may not be used for advertising. 

•inted'monthly in the U. S. A. by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, California. 



WE welcome to Consolidated Major 
E. R. McReynolds, recently ap- 
pointed United States Army Air Corps 
Representative for the San Diego Area. 
Major McReynolds' assignment places him 
in charge of the Army Air Corps contract 
work in progress not only at Consolidated, 
but at Solar Aircraft Co., and the Ryan 
Aeronautical Co. as well. 

Major McReynolds was born in Iowa on 
July 3d, 1892. His career in aviation be- 
gan when he joined with the Aviation sec- 
tion of the U. S. Army Signal Corps. He 
started flying on June 1st, 1918, and was 
serving as a flying instructor at the time 
the armistice was signed. His work with 
aviation thru the Army has been running 
continuously for some JlYz years. 

Three years of this was spent in Border 
Patrol Duty in Texas, flying along the Rio 
Grande. Then he was transferred to the 
Philippines where he served from 1922 to 
1924 in Observation and Pursuit. He saw 
further service at BoUing Field, Washing- 
ton, D. C, and later at Langley Field, Va. 
In his next move he became Army Air 
Corps representative at the Keystone Air- 
craft Co. during the years '27 to '30, and 
was in charge of the inspection of the 
Keystone Bombers. Concluding this assign- 
ment, he became Chief Inspector at the 
Material Division at Wright Field, Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

Adding still further to his rounded 
knowledge and experience with Army 
aircraft. Major McReynolds attended the 
Air Corps Tactical School at Montgomery, 
Ala., and followed this with two years of 
Engineering Duty at Randolph Field. 

The Boeing Aircraft Co. at Seattle, was 
his next assignment on the maintenance of 
the B-17s, the large four-engined flying 
planes most popularly known as "Flying 

Fortresses." He followed these to Langley 
Field as a member of the 2d Bombardment 
Group, in charge of maintenance and op- 
eration. Here he became the Executive 
and Engineering Officer on the now his- 
toric "South American Goodwill Flight", 
in which six of these huge planes carried 
60 officers and men down the west coast of 
South America, across to Buenos Aires, 
and back to the United States, ... an 
outstanding flight with the journey down 
occupying but 3 3 hours elapsed time. The 
return was made by easy stages. 

Returning, he was stationed at Langley 
Field until he received his orders to assume 
his duties as Air Corps Representative 
for the San Diego Area, his present as- 
signment. Major McReynolds' ability, 
coupled with his wide scope of training 
and experience has made him probably one 
of the most qualified men to assume the 
responsible duties as Air Corps Representa- 
tive for the San Diego Area. Major Mc- 
Reynolds, incidentally, holds a Combat 
Observer and Command Pilot Rating in 
the United States Army Air Corps. 


The Sierra Club, Group San Diego, plans 
a climb of Mt. Whitney August 19-20. 
Any mountaineer wishing to join is wel- 
come. See Leaders Russel Kern of Hull, or 
Henry Mandolf of Engineering. 





and on 



Furniture Co. 

2368 Ketlner at Kalmia 

Purchasing . 
Final Assembly 

July 18, 
,22 vs. 

.4 vs. 

.18 vs. 

I vs. 


193 9 







Woodshop ... 


. . .18 








Final Assembly 







. . . . 


Woodshop vs. Final Assembly at Horace Ma 
Hull vs. Purchasing at University Heights. 
Production vs. Wing at Central. 
Maintenance vs. Tool Room at John Adams. 
W. C. Gilchrist 

Test Pilot Checks Arrival 

Chief Test Pilot "Bill" Wheatley has 
at last come back to earth, or just taken 
off or something . . . we're not exactly 
sure. Hearing of an arrival in his family, 
we questioned Bill. In true test pilot style 
he immediately got out a note book, a piece 
of paper, a pleased smile, a pencil and a 
sliderule ... or maybe the pencil was first 
. . . no, the pleased smile came first, then 
the pencil, sliderule, notebook and paper. 
Then the facts flew: Name, Miss Charlotte 
Ann Wheatley. Date, June 28th. Place, 
Scripps Memorial Hospital at La Jolla. And 
the weight of the little lady Bill gave as 
exactly 8.015625 pounds. This, in response 
to a bewildered look he explained as being 
8 and l/64th of a pound, or (after we pro- 
ceeded to get the number of ounces in a 
pound and a pint badly mixed up) just 
eight pounds and a quarter of an ounce to 
spare. Everyone doing nicely, thanks. Bill 
lost three pounds, and it serves him right, 
springing that six decimal place answer 
on us! . . . anyway, Congratulations! 


By Speed 

Can you imagine Al Ballard spotting 
Production 1 5 runs at 2 to 1 odds? Or 
Bob Passenheim with a blind date? 

Challenges are plentiful these days with 
the tennis players, but here's a new one . . 
Art Thursan challenged a friend to some 
badminton, without a net. Art came in the 
next day with a patch on his nose, and 
his partner didn't miss! 

Through certain sources we heard Bill 
Wibbenhorst, Geo. Gerhauser and Art 
WuUich, had a pool on a recent fishing 
trip, for the largest catch. Geo. and Art 
seem to have had the upper hand on Bill, 
so they had a little side bet. Geo., being 
extra proud of his catch, picked it up and 
splash! It slipped from his fingers into the 
water. He tried to save the day by leav- 
ing his clothes behind and diving in! We 
wondered why he had a cold for a week! 

"The most powerful radial, air-cooled, 
aircraft engines in the world . . ." the 
Model 31's 2,000 H.P. Wright Duplex- 

Rentals • Insurance • Sale: 

(Automobile Service) 



Savoy Theater BIdg., 234 C St. 


MAIN 1014 


Augusf, 1939 

Louis A. Johnson, Assistant Secretary of War, was a visitor at the plant on July 18th. Otto Menge 
caught Vice-President Edgar N. Gott, Johnson and Major Fleet in this informal view just before Secretary 
Johnson's departure for the north. 

no JINX! 

THE delivery flight of the Consolidated 
Twin Engined Model 28-5 to the 
British Air Ministry, ran into several 13s, 
with no ill-eflfects. In fact the flight from 
San Diego to Felixstowe, England (inci- 
dentally the first flight delivery of a mil- 
itary airplane across the Atlantic) was 
completed in a very orderly manner with 
the final hop over the Atlantic taking 
only 14 hours, 36 minutes. The flight was 
the 13 th over-ocean delivery flight of 
Model 28s, and the arrival in Felixstowe 
was consummated on Thursday, July 13th. 
The average altitude for this flight was 
13,000 feet. Had the time of crossing the 
Atlantic been a bit more rapid (the average 
speed was 169 m.p.h.), another 13 would 
have been chalked up in the number of 
hours for the final leg. 

As it was, the flight across the Atlantic 
was brought about on the 13 th thru the 
decision of the crew to return to San Diego 
from the first take-off, due to the fact 
that the gyro-pilot indicated it was not 
functioning properly when the plane had 
scarcely arrived over the Salton Sea. Being 
close to home, the plane was turned about 
and the checking for the trouble con- 
ducted here. On the second take-off the 
plane soon encountered a head wind of 
some 30 miles per hour, decreasing her 
ground speed. Normally such a head wind 
may be avoided or at least lessened by 
flying at a different altitude. The nation 
was in the midst of a hot spell and the 
headwind encountered at each altitude 

tried however appeared to be about the 
same. With this making a dent in what 
would normally have been ample fuel for 
the hop with plenty to spare, the decision 
was made to descend at Buffalo, after a 
flight of approx. 2,200 miles. The flight 
from Buffalo to Botwood, Newfoundland, 
was then covered easily, and the single 
non-stop hop from Botwood to Felixstowe 
across the Atlantic, Ireland and to the far 
side of England (2,450 statute miles) 
was covered without incident in excellent 
flying weather along the great circle 
course. The cablegrams received from 
Felixstowe read in part . . . "very nice trip 
as usual with Consolidated equipment." 
Signed, Rogers. 

How contrastingly different and matter 
of fact this flight appears when compared 
with the trans-Atlantic crossings of but 
a few years ago, flights which strained the 
performance of both craft and their pilots 
or crew, and which were lucky if they 
succeeded at all. How different that Mr. 
Archbold and his crew taking a world- 
circling journey in their stride, should step 
across the Atlantic from east to west, non- 
chalantly drop Mr. Archbold off at New 
York and proceed to land in San Diego 
with but a single stop in between, then 
allow one member of their crew, Stephen 
Barrinka, to remain in San Diego with the 
Guba, while Russell Rogers, Lewis Yancey, 
Gerald Brown and Raymond Booth stepped 
aboard the Consolidated Model 28-5 await- 
ing them, and headed back across the 
United States and the Atlantic for Eng- 
land . . . just as simply as that! 


By H. LaVier 

THE airport of the San Diego Flying 
Club is now the scene of considerable 
flying activity on week-ends. During the 
past month many new members have been 
added to the club roster. 

With several new members receiving 
dual instruction plus lots of solo time by 
the more advanced pilots, the ever popular 
"Cub" is as busy as the famed elevators in 
New York's Empire State Building. Re- 
cent first solo flights were made by mem- 
bers, Leu and MacDonald. 

Of interest to members and friends 
was the recent arrival, via stork, of a 
bouncing (?) baby boy at the Peel home. 
No doubt the proud father will soon be 
making a membership reservation. 

Club instructor, Harry Culver, is to 
be congratulated upon receiving his 2S 
Instructor's Rating. Dual instruction and 
check flights are keeping Harry up in the 
air most of the time. Mr. Culver is pinch- 
hitting for Walter (Mac) McClain. 

Saturday, July 15 th, The San Diego 
Flying Club entertained its many friends 
at Sunnyside Inn, the occasion being a 
costume dance, children's attire prevailing. 
The "weaker-sex" were all very atractively 
costumed, but of special interest was Con- 
solidated's Bob Goodyear, dressed as "Little 
Lord Fauntleroy" — very cute indeed. 
President Butterfield was resplendent in a 
costume also featuring short pants and a 
small green hat; when last seen the Hon. 
Mr. Butterfield was engaged in considerable 
"hangar flying" from a safe height atop 
the bar. 

Among those recently elected to mem- 
bership are: Adams, Bruce Craig, Hayes 
and LaVier, all of the Consolidated En- 
gineering Department. 

It's good to see so many of our old 
friends back in the Hull Dept. Two of the 
boys who came back are just freshly mar- 
ried. They are Cliff Lessing and Vic Main- 
hart. Vic says he went back to Buffalo and 
came back with a nice car and wife, and 
he sure likes the car. 

It is much quieter without "Yap, Yap," 
Hopman around, isn't it? 

Slack Suits 
Polo Shirts 

Shirts, Ties 


National Shirt Shops 

"America's Leading Men's Furnishers" 



AUGUST 2d, 1939, is a significant date 
. in the history of United States Avia- 
tion, for it marks the birth of the Army 
Air Corps. It becomes particularly signifi- 
cant to the aviation manufacturing in- 
dustry, for contracts with the Army have 
subsequently done much to advance the 
art of flying. As a matter of fact it was 
Army airplane work that started Consoli- 
dated on its career and gave to us many 
of our topside executives. 

Just an even 30 years ago, on August 
2d, a recommendation was made by the 
Board of Officers that the purchase of an 
airplane be made, and on the same date 
the Chief Signal Officer of the Army ap- 
proved the recommendation. Thus August 
2d has become the date considered as the 
birth of the Army Air Corps. 

The War Department had advertised 
for bids for the construction of an air- 
plane and the Wright Brothers proved 
they were then the only persons capable 
of producing an airplane. Their product 
was delivered at Fort Myer, Va., on August 
28, 1908. It was a biplane with a wing- 
spread of about 40 feet and a wing area 
of some 500 square feet, weighing ap- 
proximately 800 lbs. The lateral control 
of the plane was effected by warping the 
wings. The double elevators and the rud- 

Left, Top: U. S. Army's First Airplane, Wright Type B, Fort Sam Houston 
Benj. D. Foulois, pilot (second from right). Left, center: Th_e Army's first airpl 
Accepted at Ft. Myer, Va., 1909, now in Smithsonian Institute, Washington, E 
mono-rail by means of 1400 pound weight dropped from tower in rear. L 
wheels. Lieut. Frank P. Lahm and Lieut. Benj. D. Foulois, the Army's first 
this .airplane, tower, left: Airplane with wireless outfit. Ft. Riley. 
Lieut. FoUett Bradley, and on the right Lieut. Henry H. Arnold 

Center, Top: Capt. C. DeF. Chandler with Lewis Machine i 
Kirtland, at College Park, Md., June 7-8, 1912. This is the first i 
by airplane. Center, bottom: Phil O. Parmalee and Lieut. M. S. Cri 

Texas, 1910. Lieut. 

le. Wright Type B. 

C. Launched from 

ded on skids. Did not have 

dots received instruction on 

as, Nov. 2, 1912. On the left is 

heading the entire Corps. 

in airplane with Lieut. Roy T. 

a machine gun was ever carried 

n Wright Machine with first ex- 

,_ to be dropped from an airplane — San Francisco, Calif., Jan., 1911. 

Right, Top: Major Gen. H. H. Arnold, the present dynamic Chief of Air Corps. Lo«fr right, left 
to right: Lieut. B. D. Foulois, Wilber Wright, Lieut. Frank P. Lahm and Orville Wright with Wright 
Airplane at Ft. Myer, Va. July 27, 1909. — Official Photos, U. S. Army Air Corps. 

der were supported in front of the wings 
by an outrigger arrangement. The land- 
ing gear consisted of two runners, or skids, 
and the plane was launched from a mono- 

The power plant of this first airplane, 
also designed by the Wrights, was a 4- 
cylinder, water-cooled engine, producing 
2 5 horsepower at 1400 revolutions per 
minute and driving two 8 '/2 -foot wooden 
propellers by means of gears and chains. 
The propeller speed was about 400 revolu- 
tions per minute. 

The requirement that the airplane attain 
a speed of 36 miles per hour was exceeded 
by about 5 miles per hour. Other specifi- 
cations, namely, that it should be able 
to remain in the air for an hour with two 
occupants and that it should have a range 
of over 125 miles, were also satisfied. An- 

other requirement specifying that the 
plane should lend itself to transportation 
in an Army wagon — now considered a 
rather unique provision — was also fulfilled. 
The Wrights received $2 5,000 for their 
airplane, plus a bonus of $5,000 for its 
having exceeded the required performance. 

On March 3, 1911, Congress for the first 
time specifically appropriated money for 
aviation — S 12 5,000. By September 30, 
1913, Army aviation had grown to 17 
airplanes, with a personnel of 23 officers 
and 91 enlisted men. 

The Aviation Section, Signal Corps, of 
the Army was created on July 18, 1914, 
with 60 officers and 260 enlisted men 
authorized, and on September 1st of that 
year the 1st Aero Squadron, comprising 
16 officers, 77 enlisted men and S airplanes, 
was organized at San Diego, Calif. 

August, 1939 

Three years later at this station located 
on North Island, the Army Air Corps 
commissioned one of its members a Junior 
Military Aviator. He was just thirty at 
the time and destined to play a large part 
in Army Air Corps affairs, for he was 
Reuben Hollis Fleet, now President and 
Manager of Consolidated Aircraft. After 
winning his rating of Junior Military 
Aviator he became officer in charge of 
flying at Sacramento's Mather Field; ex- 
ecutive officer in charge of training in the 
office of the Chief of the Air Corps; of- 
ficer in charge of the airmail when it was 
inaugurated in May, 1918, between Wash- 
ington and New York; contracting of- 
ficer for the Air Corps and business man- 
ager of McCook Field from January, 
1919, to November, 1922. He then re- 
signed, became Vice-President and Gen- 
eral Manager of the Gallaudet Corpora- 
tion, and in May of 1923, organized 
Consolidated Aircraft Corporation. 

The date of August 2d, 1909, was also 
the beginning of events that would give 
many of our present executives early avia- 
tion training and experience: Vice-Presi- 
dent and Chief Engineer I. M. Laddon 
joined the Engineering Division of the 
Air Service at McCook Field. He played a 
considerable part in the development for 
the Army in all-metal construction, and 
resigned the Army to join Consolidated 
in 1927. Mr. C. A. VanDusen, our Vice- 
President and General Manager, had ex- 
perience building airplanes for the Air 
Corps from the date of 1914, his original 
experience in this field having been with 
the Glenn L. Martin up until he joined 
with Consolidated in 1934. Harry A. Sut- 
ton, Assistant Chief Engineer, received his 
early flight training just across our bay at 
what was then Rockwell Field, the Army 
Air Base, became an Aero Engineer, Ma- 
terial Division, U. S. Air Corps in 1923, 
was a winner of the Distinguished Flying 
Cross and the MacKay trophy thru his 
investigation of Spinning Characteristics 
conducted for the Army Air Corps. Ber- 
nard W. Sheahan, Engineer in charge of 
Drafting and Personnel, began airplane de- 
sign work with the U. S. Signal Corps of 
Washington, D. C, in 1917. In 1920 he 
became Assistant Engineer in charge of 
Design, Branch No. 3, McCook Field, Day- 
ton, Ohio. Becoming a project engineer in 
192 5 in the Chief Engineer's office. He 
joined Consolidated in 1927. Roy A. Miller, 
Chief of Structures of the Engineering De- 
partment began with two years in the 
Army Air Service ground school, with 
some flight training, concluding with in- 
spection duty for one year, rank of First 
Lieutenant. He spent five years at McCook 

Field in the structures group, and joined 
Consolidated as a stress analysis engineer 
in June '26. Jim Kelley, Factory Superin- 
tendent, held an inspection capacity in the 
U. S. Army in 1917, and remained in the 
service thru 1929 when he left to join 
with Consolidated. Edgar N. Gott, Vice- 
President, as General Manager and later 
President of Boeing Aircraft, had consid- 
erable experience with Army Air work in- 
cluding construction of the first armored 
multi-engined airplane, and the execution 
of what was at the time the largest peace 
time order for aircraft ever let (for 200 
MB-3As). Subsequently as President of 
Keystone, he was instrumental in the con- 
struction of approximately 200 Air Corps 
Bombers. He holds a commission as major 
in the Specialist Reserve. "Bill" Wheatley, 
Chief Test Pilot, graduated from the Air 
Service Primary and Advanced Flying 
Schools, Brooks and Kelly Fields, Texas. 
Vice-President H. E. Weihmiller attended 
the Air Corps Primary Flying School, 
Brooks Field, Texas; became a Junior Aero 
Eng. Research and Wind Tunnel, McCook 
Field; Asst. Aero Eng. Airplane Branch, 
McCook Field. "Jack" Thompson joined 
the U. S. Signal Corps (later the Bureau 
of Aircraft Production) in 1917 and re- 
mained there to 1920, etc. 

The list of those of Consolidated who 
have participated directly or indirectly 
in Air Corps work, which started 30 years 
ago with the purchase of a single airplane, 
would probably be found to include a 
large percentage of the entire organiza- 
tion. It appears that Consolidated is par- 
ticularly well qualified to serve the Air 
Corps by virtue of having an abundance 
of talent possessing a thorough under- 
standing of Air Corps needs. Therefore 
August 2d, 1939, birthday of the Army 
Air Corps has a particular significance for 

When the English describe alighting 
after an airplane ride they call is "de- 

Last Minute News! 

No word has been heard of Al Nelson's 
two cases of beer that have been lost. 

Emergencies have always been necessary 
to progress. It was darkness which pro- 
duced the lamp. It was fog that produced 
the compass. It was hunger that drove us 
to exploration; and it took a depression 
to teach us the real value of a job. 

Men do less than they ought unless they 
do all that they can. 


Factory Manager, James L. 
piscatorial comfort. 


By Al Leonard 

AL "Land-owner" Clark has been heard 
-bragging about his new "Heaven On 
Earth Utopia" way back in the mountains. 
With very little questioning he will tell 
you, "how wonderful it is to get away 
from it all." He says it sure is swell to 
wake up in the morning and be surrounded 
by Nature's beautiful works of art. Eye 
witnesses say that the only things that 
awaken him in the morning and surrounds 
him is a mess of rattlesnakes. We first 
thought he was going to fence in his 
"paradise" and use it as a peephole ex- 
hibit a la Sally Rand, but we gave up that 
idea because no one would go way out 
there to see Mr. Clark broiling in the sun, 
even if there were no fence. 

Bob "Archbold" Hayman is organizing 
a South Sea Sand Shark Fishing Expedition 
to supply Sand Shark Steaks to the Eng- 
lish who are fed up with eating nothing 
but bloaters and herring. Bob found out 
recently that Sand Shark is a rare treat 
to the English and an Englishman likes 
nothing better than a nice shark steak 
with his tea and crumpets. Bob is having 
a plane built for his expedition. Rod and 
Reel Club members take notice. 

Why can't Nick Tuevsky the Vulgar 
Boatman and Barber's Nightmare, talk 
to anyone without breaking into Bee- 
thoven's Unfinished Rhapsody or the Anvil 
Chorus from the Blacksmith's Serenade? 
If you so much as say good morning to 
Nick you have to listen to the complete 
works of Strauss and Schubert. You 
haven't a chance! 

Save on New Model Kodaks 

Now's the time — here's the 
place — to choose a new Ko- 
dak. Kodak prices are down 
— and we carry a big stock. 

Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc. 



STARTING the work of going over the 
"Guba" which with such apparent ease 
carried Mr. Archbold's crew around the 
world, Jack Kline came upon a copy of 
a newspaper tucked away back in the ship. 
The good ship Guba had carried news about 
her arrival in Africa, all the way from 
Mombasa, Kenya, on the African east 
coast. The "Mombasa Times", a newspaper 
of tabloid size and some 12 pages, was 
dated June 2 2d and carried several items 
about the Guba and the flight, with par- 
ticular emphasis upon the route between 
Australia and Africa. Aboard on this por- 
tion of the Guba's round the world flight, 
were of course. Captain P. G. Taylor in 
charge of the survey for the British and 
Australian Governments and Mr. J. Per- 
cival, second representative of the Aus- 
tralian Government and official newspaper 
correspondent, in addition to the regular 
crew of Mr. Archbold, Capt. L. A. Yancey, 
navigator; R. Rogers, pilot; R. Booth, 
radio operator; S. Barrinka and G. Brown, 

Quoting in part from the leading article 
we have: 


"When the flying boat Guba alighted at 
Kilindini Harbour at 09.40 hrs. G.M.T. 
yesterday Captain P. G. Taylor completed 
his survey of the Indian Ocean Air Route 
from the west coast of Australia to Mom- 
basa, by way of the Cocos Islands, Diego 
Garcia and the Seychelles, for the British 
and Australian Governments. 

"The route has been known in Great 
Britain and Australia for a number of years 
as 'The Reserve Empire Air Mail Line.' 

C. J. Hendry Co. 


Fishing and Boat 


One block south of Broadway 

Phone F. 7397 
















Port Moresby 






Port Moresby 















Port Hedland 






Port Hedland 

Batavia (via Cocos) 







Cocos Island 







Diego Garcia 






Diego Garcia 











































St. Thomas 






St. Thomas 

New York 






New York 

New Orleans 






New Orleans 

San Diego 






etc." The last remaining ocean in the 
world had been crossed by airplane. 

Commenting upon the result of this 
flight Capt. Taylor was quoted as saying: 
"The Indian Ocean air route is practical. 
It will be a valuable acquisition to the 
Empire in the future. All the island bases 
fulfilled my expectations, and there is no 
reason why an air service should not be 
immediately started over this route. The 
island bases are beautiful and should ap- 
peal immensely to air travelers. I am fully 
satisfied with the results of the flight." 

Thus was the crossing by air of the 
Indian Ocean for the first time, recorded 
in distant Mombasa, and delivered in San 
Diego in record time. 


By Browne 

AT a recent San Clemente dance, Mr. 
k. Ralph Wade was seen truckin' about 
the floor with none other than Miss Judy 
Garland, petite movie actress . . . better 
watch your man, Mrs. Wade! 

We notice several old faces back in the 
Wing Dept. Welcome home boys, happy 
to see you back. 

We were sorry to learn about Danny 
Jones' recent auto accident. Danny re- 
ceived several broken ribs, a fractured arm 
and a severe case of poison ivy. We wish 
you a speedy recovery and hope to see 
you back soon Dan. 

The Wing tennis team is well on the 
way to the top. Plunkett has already 
reached 9th place. Derby, Adams, Elo, 
Williams and Miller are close follower- 

Barny Oldfield has nothing on Henry 
Hatch. Have you noticed Henry, mornings 
on his way to work in that speedy, dural 

clad, roaring, monstrous, 1929 vintage 
Lincoln, race car and truck combined? 
Henry's friends have to hold out a check- 
ered flag in the mornings to get the thing 
stopped for the parking lot. 

We see Frank Boone of Inspection has 
returned from his vacation, looking fat 
and happy, ready for a big year's work. 

Everyone has an idea about how to build 
a house -for convenience. Slim Franklin 
has a new idea that will revolutionize. 

Slim wants a mirror set just high enough 
at the foot of his bath tub so he can see 
to shave while he is relaxing in a nice 
warm bath. He wants a little shelf nearby 
with all his shaving equipment on it. Then 
he can dip his shaving brush in the water, 
lather his face and shave. After the shave 
he will turn on the shower directly over- 
head for the rinse. This, he believes, will 
save him much unnecessary walking and 
many unnecessary movements. 

While visiting with our sick friend of 
Maintenance, Mr. Jack Wesp, who by the 
way is looking very well, and beginning 
to walk around a bit, I was informed 
(while Jack was out of the room) by 
Mrs. Wesp, that our friend had on that 
day attended the Ladies Aid Society meet- 
ing. What has the doctor done to good old 
Jack? Al Fink. 

Soaring has progressed to such an extent 
that the records now stand at an altitude 
of more than 2 8,000 feet, airline distance 
in excess of 400 miles, and for a duration 
of as long as 50 hours of continuous flight. 

August, 1939 

The Transatlantic 

AMERICAN Export Airline's Coiisoli- 
^ dated model 2 8 airplane was fittingly 
christened the 'Transatlantic' on June 20, 
before a crowd of above 5,000 persons, in 
New York, and the ceremonies were broad- 
cast over a N.B.C. coast-to-coast hookup. 
Mrs. Anne Towers, wife of Rear Admiral 
John H. Towers, Chief of the Navy Bu- 
reau' of Aeronautics, broke the bottle of 
champagne. The event fittingly took place 
on the twentieth anniversary of the first 
flight across the Atlantic in 1919 by Ad- 
miral Towers and the crew of the Navy's 

A comparison of the "Transatlantic" 
and the NC-4 will give a good indication 
of the progress that has taken place in 
aviation during the twenty years. The first 
crossing and return of the Transatlantic 
was completed on July 9th, after a flight 
of 22 hours and 50 minutes from Horta 
the Azores, to Floyd Bennett Field. 

Item Model 2S 

Engines 2 P & W Twin Row Wasp 

Horsepower (Total) 2100 (Take-off) 

Gross Weight (full load) 28,500 (1750gals.) 

Lbs./H.P. : 13.5 

Weight Empty (lbs.) 14,819 

Useful Load (lbs.) 13,681 

Wing Area (sq. ft.) 1400 

Wing Loading (Ibs./sq. ft.) 20.4 

% U.L./W.E 92.5 

% U.L./G.W 48 

Oir(lbs.) . 750 

Fuel (lbs.) 10,500 

Range (miles) 4,000 (statute) 

Full Speed' 200 

Hull Weight 3,069 

Wing Weight 4,019 (without struts = 2. 87 lbs. per sq.ft.) 


4 Liberty 


28,000 lbs. 










1,400 (Probably nautical miles 

( = 1,610 statute miles) 
100 (?) 
1.2 Ibs./sq.ft. 

During the last five years, more than 
30% of the Aircraft Industry's business 
was export. 

Persistence and determination alone are 
omnipotent. The slogan, "Press on" has 
solved and always ivill solve the [n-oblem 
of the human race. 

If she's cute but "stand-offish' 
send her flowers from 


FRANKLIN -6 233 

Jim Morris tells this one: "Three mem- 
bers of the American Legion were attend- 
ing a convention. Arriving in town rather 
late they found that all the hotel rooms 
were taken, except a bridal suite. The 
price, they found, would be $30. So they 
chipped in $10 each. After a while the 
hotel clerk discovered he had overcharged 
the men and that the price for the rooms 
was only $2 5. He gave the negro porter 
five silver dollars to take upstairs. Realizing 
that the five dollars could not be split 
evenly, the Legionnaires kept three and 
gave two to the porter. 

Now, this meant that they had each paid 
only $9. Three times $9 is $27. The 
porter they gave $2. $27 and $2 is only 
$29. What happened to the extra dollar? 


In the recent Putting Contest for Con- 
solidafors staged at Harry Jacob's Driving 
Fairway Bernie Sheahan rounded out the 36 
holes with a score of 64 to take first place. 
Roy Miller and Tommy Hemphill were 
runners up, each with 66. 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

"The Home of Aviation" 




FINISHING an airplane is no small 
task. Neither is it a simple one. To- 
day's aircraft are put to tests that would 
cause the average conveyance to deteriorate 
in fast order. A flying boat may spend a 
good part of its time in the air, but it also 
spends a lot of time in or near water which 
in most cases is salty. 

Very seldom is a modern flying boat's 
useful life shortened due to corrosion. The 
reason an airplane can resist this corrosive 
action is due to the careful application of 
protective coatings. 

These protective coatings begin with a 
surface treatment of the material itself. 
In the case of steel or brass details, cad- 
mium plating is applied, while all Alumi- 
num Alloy details are given the Anodic 
Treatment. Following this surface treat- 
ment a Zinc Chromate Primer is applied, 
the number of coats depending on the ser- 
vice the detail is to perform. Final finish 
coats of several different materials are used 
ranging from Aluminum Lacquers to the 
Bitumastic Compounds applied to the hull 
bottom and sides up to the water line. 

All these above operations are topped 
off by the final trim. These trimmings 
include identification markings, squadron 
insignias and general information concern- 
ing the inspection openings and overhaul 

Consolidated' s Paint Shop is big. The 
first impression one gets upon entering 
thru the large fireproof doors is much the 
same as one gets when entering a large 
circus tent, for when one looks around 
he is amazed at the size of the room with 
its clean white walls and ceilings. Its con- 
stant temperature of 75 degrees is also 
noticed and appreciated. This temperature 

is controlled at all times and guarantees 
uniformity of finish operations. 

Overseeing this important department 
is Benny Leonard whose aircraft career 
began in the early days of the war. Benny, 
whom Delaware-Ohio school teachers al- 
ways called Jesse, left the home town and 
joined the Army Air Corps. Things hap- 
pened fast in those days, and Benny soon 
became a member of the 50th Aero squad- 
ron and shipped off to Harlaxton Airdrome 
where the squadron was attached to a 
regular Royal Air Force division. Later 
on he was stationed at Spittlegate Air- 
drome. It was necessary to do a lot of 
driving around in those days, and the 
public authorities saw to it that Benny 
was properly examined for a driver's li- 
cense. He still has it with him. After the 
war with its excitement and thrills, Benny 
found himself home and in need of a job. 
Jobs were then few for the many boys 
who needed them. He turned his eyes to- 
ward Cleveland and the new Air Mail line 
that had been opened between New York 
and Chicago. He applied for a job and got 
it at the Cleveland Air Mail Field that was 
near the old Glenn L. Martin factory. 

The writer worked with Benny at that 
old field, and never could anyone forget 
those early efforts to keep the service go- 
ing. This was only a little more than a 
year after the original flights between New 
York and Washington where made under 
the supervision of our own Major R. H. 

The ships used were DH-4s equipt with 
400-horsepower Liberty engines. Keeping 
these bulky machines in shape to do the 
500-mile runs that were interrupted in 
many cases by trouble that ranged all the 

way from faulty equipment to just plain 
lost aviators, was no small job. Landing 
in farmers' backyards or in city streets as 
one pilot did, wasn't always easy on the 
wooden frames and landing gears. And 
even a so-called normal landing on rough 
surface of the assigned airports usually 
necessitated some repair, and if you've 
never wrapped shock cord around an axle 
and up and over and around the landing 
gear strut . . . you've just not lived at all. 

Those-were the days before the special- 
ist came into vogue and a person working 
around a plane just had to be able to do 
everything. The mechanic who serviced 
the engine in the morning, probably was 
recovering a rudder in the afternoon, and 
the man who changed a prop, one day, 
was painting the top of the hangar the 

Benny soon found the way into the 
nearby Martin Company's plant, and 
started doing finishing work. At that time 
Mr. C. A. Van Dusen and Mr. Larry Bell 
were with the Martin company, and the 
twin-engined bombers being turned out 
were the class ship of their day. He moved 
to Baltimore when the company changed 
locations, and then back to Great Lakes 
in charge of finishing both their commer- 
cial and militarj- products. In 1934 he 
moved to Buffalo, and has been with Con- 
solidated since that time. 

Ross Billing, in the capacity of Ass't 
Foreman in the paint shop wears a ten- 
year Consolidated service pin, but his fin- 
ishing days are many more in number. 
His biggest job being with the old Loco- 
mobile Company when 18 or 20 coats 
of finish on a car was thought to be about 
the minimum that could be applied, and 

August, 1939 


. . . By Larry Boeing 

all this by hand-brushing of course. His 
cool efficient handling of his duties is 
coupled with an observant sense of detail. 

Orville Hubbard handles all the identi- 
fication markings including the manu- 
facture of our own decalcomanias, which 
are produced by the silk screen process. 
This includes lettering, plumbing identi- 
fications and the painting of any signs as 
required. He is ably assisted by Frank Finn 
who also acts as lead man for doping 

Bert Naseef is in charge of all the im- 
portant Anodic processing. His interest in 
his work and all things of an aeronautical 
nature, coupled with his knowledge of 
the operations he controls, show up in the 
work his group turns out. Bert hails from 
Buffalo and besides holding a transport 
pilot's license, practices a hobby that brings 
him much pleasure. His idea of a pleasant 
afternoon is shooting aerial views of in- 
terest about the county that are in de- 
mand. He has taught several hundred peo- 
ple to fly and attain their licenses. 

Bert has Eddie Banks assisting him, and 
together they keep things in fine shape. 
Clare Baldwin has charge of any anodic 
work done in the night shift. Thad Barthel 
has charge of touch up prior to inspection. 
He also is a Buffalo boy. 

Sharing responsibility in the covering 
department are Bob Bibbs who directs the 
fabrication of all upholstered items and 
Tommy Gascoyne who oversees the oper- 
ations connected with applying the cotton 
fabric covering of all surfaces. Bob is a 
Colorado Springs boy and knows every 
trout stream on the eastern slope of the 

Rockies. Tom is also from Buffalo, having 
been with Consolidated since 1934. 

George Alexander acts as lead man on 
all finishing of detail parts. Al Griffith and 
Casey Jones oversee all final touch up op- 
erations on their respective day and night 

Doing a very necessary and important 
job in the Finishing Department is Geo. 
Smith, who is in charge of all equipment. 
His duties not only include the con- 
trolling of this equipment, but also the 
servicing of spray guns and many other 
items. In his "spare moments" he assists 
with the application of the Hot Raw oil 
to the interiors of sealed tubes or as- 

The paint storage and mixing room is 
under the supervision of Roy Rudeen. 
With seldom less than 200 drums of ma- 
terial in stock at one time, Roy has a job 
that requires careful attention. He has 
the latest of overhead handling equipment 
and electric mixers to work with. 

1. Ross Dilling, assistant paint shop foreman, 
observes Arthur Putnam applying aluminum lacquer 
on extruded sections with spray gun. The vanes in 
the background are part of the spray booth suction 
outlet which draws away excess paint. The breath- 
ing mask excludes the possibility of paint dust 
entering the wearer's lungs. 

2. Tommy Butterfield and Benny Leonard check 
a finished dope job with a Tautness meter. This 
checks the close uniformity of finished work being 
turned out, contrasts markedly with the older 
"thumping" or "feel" as a means of determining 
dope action on the fabric surfaces. 

3. Frank Finn is here checking the operation of 
a zippered inspection door, while Orville Hubbard 
applies one of the decalcomania transfers. Instruc- 
tions and precautions for field service operations 
can be applied in a minimum of time with these 

4. Thad Barthel directing a load of parts into 
the anodic tank for processing. Eddie Banks is op- 
erating the controls for the overhead hoist. 

5. Casey Jones, Glen Bovee and Fritz Von 
Meeden applying the covering to a control surface. 
Tommy Gascoyne and Bob Bibbs are fitting a 
cover over a control structure previous to the 
sewing operation. 

6. Roy Rudeen operating overhead handling 
equipment in the paint storage house. Here several 
hundred drums of material can be conveniently 
stored and easily handled. 

You've met the boys and their boss and 
we've tried to tell you a little about them 
and about what their duties are. We would 
like to tell you more about all the men in 
the Finishing Department, but just look 
at any Consolidated airplane and let the 
finish tell the tale. Finish. 

Consolidated Philosophy 

By D. R. K. 

Personality is the sum total of all the 
blessings bestowed on man. 

Happiness is found in seeking another's 

An Education is the retention of the re- 
view of your own and other people's 
thoughts and experiences. The limit of 
education is the limit of review and re- 

The best way to strengthen one's judg- 
ment is to exercise it. 

Nothing in the world can take the place 

of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is 
more common than unsuccessful men with 
talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius 
is almost a proverb. Education will not; 
the world is full of educated derelicts. 

It's a good thing to have money and 
the things that money can buy, but it's 
good, too, to check up once in a while and 
make sure you haven't lost the things that 
money can't buy. 

Avoid flatterers for they are thieves in 

Flattery corrupts both the receiver and 
the giver. 


BECAUSE it was found that some three 
persons in one department were build- 
ing their own homes and kidding each 
other a good deal about it, the suggestion 
was made that pictures of these homes be 
run in the Cmiiolidator. Believing that 
there might be a few others also construct- 
ing homes, a bulletin was posted asking 
for snapshots of all homes either built or 
purchased within the last two years. The 
response was amazing. Above are snap- 
shots of some 25 such homes, all received 
on very short notice. Many were unable 
to secure pictures in time, and hence could 
not make this issue. Some of the above 
homes have not yet been moved into; 
some have been occupied within only the 
last month. Many of the owners are do- 
ing their own landscaping. There's one 
thing they all have in common and that's 
a tremendous enthusiasm for their new 

homes! There are quite a number who are 
building at the present time. Cousolidators 
are certainly "going to town" in the build- 
ing of San Diego! Those who were unable 
to submit photos of their new homes in 
time for this issue should turn them in 
as early as possible for the next issue. The 
list of owners of the homes pictured above 
are listed below. They have every reason 
to be proud of their investment. 

1. Engineer Ted Hall 
the home he built. 

2 and 9. Views of the 
Edward Robinson. 

3. This has been the home of Mr. Walt 
Bubel and family since June 18, 1939. 

4. Home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl F. Merlai 
family. Was completed March 18th of thi; 
Two bedrooms, living room, kitchen, dinette and 
bath with a patio in the rear. Note on back reads, 
"Everyone welcome." 

5. Home of L. A. Baliss, Engineering Dept. 
Picket fence sets off the front yard nicely. 

6. Home purchased during completion . . . the 

ubmitted this snapshot of 
home of Mr. and Mrs. 


home of Alfred Stieringer, formerly of Heat Treat, 
now Maintenance No. 921. 

7. Another view of Whitaker's home from the 

8. Chris Englehardt is justly proud of the 
home he built. He did his own landscaping and 
points out the patio on top of the two-car garage. 

10. "Home Sweet Home." the note read, "Built 
for Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Wiker, No. 1790." 

11. Home of Stanley D. Whitaker, which was 
purchased furnished. A rear view. 

12. Tube Bender Bert Freakley's nearly com- 
pleted home. Bert writes, "Open for public in- 
spection July 30th to August 6th. Will be at home 
to ConsolidateJ friends and others after Sept. 1st, 
at which time a new 'Cocktail Bar' will be tried 
out for their approval." 

13. Earl Wesp's home which he recently pur- 

14. Home purchased by H. W. Roeie of Hulls. 
Two bedrooms, living, dining, bath, kitchen, break- 
fast nook, service porch. Tile kitchen and bath, 
2'i-car garage . . . hardwood thruout. 

15. Home of M. J. 'Wells of Engineering. 

16. Kenneth MacLeod No. 103 3. built this home 
and did his own landscaping. 

17. E. F. Butzin of the Loft, purchased his home 

August, 1939 


18. Ben McMicken, No. SI 04, purchased this 
home new in May, '38. Did his own landscaping. 

19. Harvey L. Muck recently purchased this 
home already built. 

20. The purchased home of J. \V. Thatcher of 
the Tool Room. 

21. Home of H. M. Prior of the Tool Room. 
No. 1249. The home was built for Prior and was 
completed April 1st. Prior, incidentally was the 
first person to submit a home photo. 

22. Home of Geo. E. Leonard, No. 8013. Five 
rooms frame, stucco. Would be glad to show to 
anyone interested. 

23. Home of Milton Hangen of tool design. This 
home also was completed within the last two 

24. Charles Wills of tool design had this home 
completed within the last two months. 

25. Home of Frank W. Fink built Aug.-Sept. 
1938. Frank has a novel record of his home con- 
struction which he claims shows everything from 
the ground-breaking to, but not including, the 
moving van. It is a 200-foot, 8mm color movie 
which he will be glad to loan out. 

2 6. The "Country Rancho" of C. L. R. Smeltzer 
in La Mesa. Landscaping is in progress. 

27. Robert Biddle, wood shop, completed his 
home within the last two months. 


By ]. E. Hodgson 

FRED HARGER of the Model room 
has just finished the building of his 
new home. He promises to have a photo of 
it for the next issue. 

"You ought to see him," "Who?" "Why, 
Walt Gray in his new red Studebaker . . . 
he's the envy of all the fire chiefs in sight! 

Ralph Berg purchased an avocado ranch 
out La Mesa way. He and his family are 
living the simple life, while arranging for 
a home to be built there. 

Harol Hanson our genial little Dane, 
was raising chickens, 'till he found out 
they did not raise so good. "S-o-o-o," he 
let them fertilize the land, then killed 
them. He then moved the chicken coop 
to a new spot and made a summer house 
of it. He now has a flower garden on the 
original site. "Utihty, I calls it!" 

Jack Benkner announces the birth of 
another daughter, Dorothy Carlyn, June 
24th and everybody's fine. Keep on, Jack, 
then Eddie Cantor won't have anything 
on you! 

Campbell Murry and yours truly are 
kind of burned up, after a big week-end 
"Lawn Bowling." The occasion being the 
Annual Tournament of the San Diego 
Lawn Bowling Club. There were visiting 
teams here from Arroyo Seco, Exposition 
Park, Highland Park, of Los Angeles, Pas- 
adena, Long Beach, Laguna Beach and 
Redlands. The ladies supplied a luncheon, 
and everyone had a good time . . . but 
it was hot. 

Into every intelligence there is a door 
which is never closed, thru which the 
creator passes. 


By Matt Wiclopolski 

SPECTACULAR playing, keen compe- 
tition and clean sportsmanship were 
prevalent throughout the 3rd annual Con- 
solidated Tennis Tournament, held during 
the month of June. 

Among the unexpected events which 
upset the tennis committee's predictions 
were Witherals' default to Abels, Lock- 
wood's defeat by Kilgore, McGown's 
trouncing of O'Connor, and Hoover's 
withdrawal from the tournament. These 
were but a few surprising plays which 
blew the tennis committee's prophecies 
into the four winds. Which goes to show 
us, not to count our chickens before they 
are hatched. 

At the end of four rounds (64 tennis 
matches) of tennis eliminations, Lyko and 
McGown found themselves the lone sur- 
vivors for the final event. These two boys 
proved themselves to be the best of the 
64 entrants even after their match which 
won, for the winner, the beautiful W. 
Fo\som-Co!!Solida/ed Tennis Trophy and 
Championship for 1939. 

"Lightnin' " Loyko, a dark horse, proved 
to all, his tennis technique over "Lefty" 
McGown on July 1st. Things began to 
happen from the very first game. After 
some marvelous shot displays, Loyko 
emerged on top with the first set 6-3. The 
second set found both boys dueling with 
"an eye for an eye and tooth for tooth" 
spirit. At the end of this play McGown 
outlasted Loyko with a 7-5 score. The 
third set proved that the boys tightened 
their belts another notch, both playing 
cautiously, yet showing superiority in 
every hit ball. 

Fast and slow; back and forth; high 
and low; cut and chop; from left to right 
and back again went the tennis balls. 
Neither one making an error, proving that 
each one earned his point deservingly, with 
uncanny and unexpected tennis shots. 
At the end of fifty minutes, McGown hit 

a fast low backhand shot at Loyko, but 
it was just too wide. And so Loyko won 
the third and deciding set at 6-4 to clinch 
the match and championship. However, 
McGown proved to be "the hard man to 

Last but not least (we hope) the tennis 
committee: Bill Gilchrist, Ed Kellogg, 
John Lockwood and Yours Truly, thank 
you all for your kind cooperation in this 
tournament. And now for the Consair 
Tennis team and the tennis ladder. 


The Coinolidati'd Tennis Ladder, which 
went into play the latter part of June 
with approximately 6 5 players, has seen 
over 40 matches played as of July 17th. 
Top places held at present in their order: 
1 Loyko, 2 Hudson, 3 Carter, 4 Abels, 5 
McGown, 6 Kilgore, 7 Phillips, 8 Lock- 
wood, 9 Plunkett, 10 Vernon, 11 Wie- 
lopolski, 12 Brady, 13 Witherall, 14 
O'Connor, 15 Oehser, 16 Moffatt, 17, 
Pownder, 18 Davidson, 19 Basore, 20 

The Tennis Committee, composed of 
Gilchrist, Lockwood, Wielopolski and Ver- 
non, report more enthusiasm being shown 
as the ladder progresses with the periodic 
gallop and shaking of the ladder by the 
"dark bosses," in their run to the top. 

Many of the players are showing marked 
improvement with the variety and com- 
petition afforded in a ladder tournament. 

Watch the challenge board sheet on the 

South gate bulletin board for challenges. 

Al Vernon. 




Complete Building Service 

Phone National 453 

FASTEST In the World'. . . 

*Fastest Airline Schedule for Comparable Distance 


336 "C" Street, San Diego Franklin 6581 

FLY TWA... only 

through skysleeper 


Through skysleeper Los Angeles to New York 




By E. G. Stoiit, Engr. Depf. 

(Several months ago a number of men in the 
shop were mystified when they saw Ernie Stout of 
the Engineering Department apparently enjoying 
the pastime of saihng a queer looking boat in the 
Tank Dept. testing tanks. All was not play, how- 
ever, for the boat and apparatus represented one 
more of the many hydrodynamic tests necessary to 
design the model 31 hull. Ernie was approached to 
give a bit of the low down and here it is:) 

IT is commonly known that large ships 
of the Merchant Marine and Navy are 
carefully designed for what is known as 
"Watertight Integrity," which simply 
means that by an elaborate system of 
watertight bulkheads and doors, flooding, 
due to damage to the hull below the water- 
line, can be confined to local areas. It is 
less commonly known that such provision 
must also be made in a flying boat hull. 
It is customary to divide the hull into suf- 
ficient compartments so that any two may 
be flooded without capsizing the airplane. 
In large flying boats the hull is usually 
divided into at least four such watertight 
compartments, and often as many as seven 

or eight are provided. In order to determine 
the height of the bulkheads and design 
the doors which allow passage thru the 
bulkheads, it is necessary to know the 
loaded water line heights, trim, and center 
of buoyancy location when various com- 
partments and combinations of compart- 
ments are flooded. 

In the past it has been customary to 
follow the practice used in ship-building 
where the various conditions of flooding 
are computed by using Bon Jean's curves 
of displacement. This is a long and tire- 
some method of trial and error involving 
an arbitrary selection of water line for 
each condition of flooding, followed by a 
graphical integration of the volume of 
the hull and moment of the volume below 
the assumed water line. As the correct 
displacement must be obtained when the 
center of buoyancy lies directly below the 
center of gravity on a line perpendicular 
to the water line, the difficulty of the 
method is apparent. 

The allowable full scale error is usually 
of the order of plus or minus 200 pounds 
displacement and plus or minus 2 inches 
in location of the center of buoyancy. As 
both trim and draft may affect either the 
displacement or position of the center of 
buoyancy, a great number of assumed 
water lines must be tried before the speci- 
fied conditions are met. 

This procedure must be followed for 
each condition of flooding, load, and center 
of gravity location. For a boat hull with 
seven or eight compartments, investigated 
for at least fourteen or fifteen combina- 
tions of flooding in addition to the normal 
unflooded conditions, the computations 
become extremely long and involved. As 
the model 3 1 hull is divided into eight 
watertight compartments, it became de- 
sirable to develop an accurate, rapid 
method of determining the flooded water- 
lines experimentally. 

This was done by extending the method 
used by the N.A.C.A. Tank for determin- 
ing the normal unflooded water lines ex- 
perimentally from a tank model of the 
hull. The procedure consists of statically 
balancing the tank model about the hori- 
zontal and vertical center of gravity lo- 
cation and counterweighting the model to 
the scale gross weight of the airplane. The 
balanced, counterweighted model is low- 
ered into the trimming tank where it as- 
sumes the same attitude as the full scale 
airplane would under the same conditions 
of loading and center of gravity location. 
The draft and trim is then measured ex- 
perimentally on the model. The N.A.C.A. 
has found the accuracy of this method 
to compare favorably with computed re- 

In order to extend this experimental 
method to cover flooded conditions, a spe- 
cial displacement model of the Model 3 1 
hull was built. This model is shown in the 
illustrations, and is an accurate scale re- 
production of the airplane hull. The model 
is cut transversely at each watertight bulk- 
head location. The segments are attached 
to a dural channel backbone so that any 
watertight compartment or combination 
of compartments may be removed. As 
flooding a compartment means loss of that 
compartment's buoyancy, flooded water- 
lines are obtained by employing the N.A. 
C.A. method with the flooded compart- 
ments being investigated, removed entirely 
from the model. 

The model pivots at the center of gravity 
on two ball bearings. From the pivot the 
model is suspended by a flexible cable 
which passes over two ball bearing pulleys 
to the counterweight pan. The fore and 
aft balance is obtained by moving lead 

August, 1939 


weights along the machined surface of the 
dural channel. The vertical adjustments 
are made by moving two lead weights in 
the vertical slides located near the center 
of gravity. The trim and draft is measured 
by scales located at the center of gravity 
and step respectively. By providing sev- 
eral center of gravity locations and cali- 
brated weights in the weight pan, the water 
lines for a compete range of loadings may 
be obtained in a very short time. By plot- 
ting these data in chart form, the draft 
and trim for any condition of flooding at 
any load and balance can be obtained by 
picking the answer off the curves. One 
of the illustrations shows the compartment 
between bulkheads two and three flooded. 

The Model 3 1 displacement model was 
made of pattern pine, and required ap- 
prox. eighty man-hours to build. Sixteen 
man-hours were required to obtain the 
flooded waterlines for seventeen condi- 
tions of flooding throughout the entire 
range of loadings and center of gravity 
locations. Previously, when the model 3 1 
was in the proposal stage, the flooded water 
lines were computed for a slightly differ- 
ent hull at one load and one center of 
gravity location, and approximately one 
hundred engineering man-hours were re- 
quired to prepare the charts and compute 
the results. Approximately fifty man- 
hours additional would be required for 
each additional load or center of gravity 
position investigated. By use of the dis- 
placement model, the effect of modifica- 
tions to the hull lines or location of bulk- 
heads can be determined in a very short 

These tests provide the information re- 
quired to design the bulkheads and doors 
so that they can withstand the water pres- 
sures liable to be encountered. They also 
provide a means of checking the hull and 
assuring that there will be no openings 
that might allow water to enter an un- 
flooded compartment when the draft is 
increased due to another compartment 
flooding. These features are extremely im- 
portant in case of a forced landing at sea 
where survival depends upon remaining 
afloat in a damaged hull. 

This brief explanation describes only one 
of the many tests and experiments that are 
continually being conducted to insure the 
safety and quality of our flying boats. 

Yea, this fishin business! Next thing we 
know Phil Bourque'll get out a pin and 
fish at home for a string of guppies! (He 
raises 'em and likely as not will lift out 
the mamma and papa so he can catch 
some of the smaller ones!) 


T TOPING to improve the quality of 
-*- -'-this column this month we stole away 
one noon during the lunch period, seeking 
out quiet seclusion in the shade of the 
metal scrap boxes to pursue some inventive 
literary cogitation. However, our efforts 
to get away from the clatter of it all were 
in vain for we were suddenly jolted back 
to the world of reality by the daily visit of 
Felix Kallis, our local Salvage Engineer 
(without Portfolio) . Felix has a very mag- 
netic personality for it is miraculous the 
way those little bits of iron pursue him. 

In the rush of things last month evi- 
dently we failed to post our representatives 
in the most strategic places, and we now 
apologize for our failure to ferret out the 
news of several important hapenings. 
Among them were Etienne Dormoy's suc- 
cessful fishing trip — no fish as before, but 
nobody stole his liquor this time. Hank 
Baila, the Cosmopolis Cavalier accom- 
plished such a quiet trip to the altar that 
even his companions in the Weights group 
did not learn of it immediately. Howard 
Schmidt also grew tired of restaurant meals 
and stepped out with the left foot forward; 
now the month of May will hold another 
anniversary for him in the future. Johnny 
Lockheed thoughtlessly arranged his wed- 
ding so that it occurred the day after our 
deadline for magazine contributions, but 
he thoughtfully passed out cigars the day 
before the event. That's confidence for 

Don Kirk added further activity in our 
Wives and Lives department in following 
the trend of all the boys in the Structures 
group (take warning, Gerber!) into mar- 
riage on July second. Truman Parker ac- 
quired a son to follow with him the tra- 
ditions and the destinies of the Stanford 
football teams. Bill Wheatley came to work 
one day with the excited announcement 
"It's one!" and further questioning re- 
vealed that a new little daughter had joined 
the twins. Not to be outdone by Charley 
Yater's announcement of his silver wed- 
ding. Bud Moerschel will soon put in his 
bid for the title of the "Grand Old Man 
of the Drafting Room". This was uncov- 
ered in a sensational trade last week where- 
in for receipt of this startling information 
we relinquished all further claims to sev- 
eral inches of space in the bomb compart- 
ment already "stolen" by the power plant 
group for piping. It seems that the ven- 
erable Bud is tottering on the brink of 
granddaddyhood. Tsk! Tsk! 

Charley Mohr started on a new chapter 
in his life recently when he parted with a 


documentary summary of his four years 
of work at Consolidated. If his mind seems 
a bit blank or his thoughts waver as he is 
consulted about various subjects it should 
be overlooked, for he was finally prevailed 
upon to change his table cover. It was 
more than a table cover to Charley — it 
was a saga of his stay in San Diego, bearing 
calculations of hull stringer strengths, 
phone numbers, overtime hour tabulations, 
important dimensions, drawing numbers, 
mileages, tide tables, grocery lists, sched- 
ule of his infant daughter's weight, his 
hat, collar, and underwear sizes, and the 
family budget. Small wonder that he is a 
bit at sea with his wife away at the same 
time on an extended visit. 

Our failure to attempt anything poetic 
during the long hour schedule has struck 
a responsive chord in the soul of sympa- 
thetic Johnny Winter who practically 
cinched the title of poet laureate with 
various and sundry verses concerning our 
work. One of his contributions relative to 
the single time clock is hereby committed 
to posterity: 

The clock now says tliat it's five-forty-five. 
And I'm sure more dead than I am alive. 
For the overtime certainly has got me down. 

With a wrinkled puss and a perpetual frown. 
But the day's greatest ordeal I still must meet. 

Among swinging arms and trampling feet. 
Down the aisles they come like the thundering 
With many a push, perhaps a sharp word. 
At last I'm in line, about two hundred in front, 
Squirming and turning midst many a grunt. 
For tickets at the theater I've stood in line like a 
rock .... 

But it's a of a lot harder to punch the 

time clock! 


Money (h&^ 
Work (yr^e>T<\ 


Broaduuai/ o-t Tenth 




Br Bill Hartman 

OUR embryo cowboy, Gus Fougeron, 
tried entering the Lakeside Rodeo, 
but not belonging to the cowboys' local, 
they disqualified him. To do them dirt our 
hero tried to run a young rodeo by him- 
self. Whilst out cantering one moonlit 
night, Ole Gus spies himself a calf. Oho, 
says he to himself, here's where I practice 
my roping. So he unslings his trusty lariat 
and heaves a mighty heave and manages 
to settle the noose around . . . no, not his 
own neck, but the calf's. Yes, sir! Right 
smack-dab! But did Mrs. Cow's little off- 
spring stop at that? Oh, no. Off on a tear 
she flew and Gus? Well, Gus he ups and 
over the horse's head and tears right along 
with Miss Bossie, finally ending as all good 
things must end in the well known pile 
. . . that's part of every cowman's life, 
and I don't mean roses. 

Harold DeRemer, our master Sand- 
blaster de luxe, has finally decided to middle 
aisle it, sometime in September. All us 

''Let's Get 



Aviation Ethyl, "Flying A' 

Cycol and Veedol 
Motor Oils 


Factory Specified 

old-timers have tried to discourage Harold, 
but love has a stranglehold on his right 
now. Oh, well, we can always say, "I told 
you so!" Anyway, best wishes from the 
whole gang and lots of luck to the future 
wife and may all your troubles be little 

They say "To live alone is not good 
for man." To be sure it's true for the case 
of Art Bommer, who lives alone save for 
8 or 10 horses away up on Kearny Mesa. 
Poor Art. Cooked himself one swell steak 
one night thinking what delicious sand- 
wiches he'd have next dav for lunch. The 
next noon time came when lo and be- 
hold poor Art had left his steak sand- 
wiches at home . . . And so the moral is, 
"To live alone breeds forgetfulness," or is 
it? But that is mild compared to Kurt 
Kruger. Now, there's a fellow who really 
forgets. Twice in one week he left his car 
radio on all day and twice he paid to learn 
you can't do that. 

When that feeling of curiosity grips a 
guy it's a hard thing to shake off, as 
Brownie can well testify. When Otto left 
a sandwich on his table, ole curious Brown 
had to go have a look-see. Result! Fooey! 
Limberger cheese gone bad. Wow! Now 
Brownie's nose knows! 

Pity poor Frank Kastelic. After dig- 
ging 22 post holes in hard 'dobe and taking 
2 days to do the job, he found he had 'em 
in the wrong place. . . Ouch, my back! 
Frank should have bought 'em already 

Answers to Aeronautical I. Q. 

1. Chine. 

2. Wind cone. 

3. Capt. Hegenberger, Wright Field. 

4. 469.225 m.p.h. 

5. Oleo gear. 

6. Inclinometer. 

7. Fish tail. 8. Skeg. 
9. Thirteen. 

10. Robert H. Hmckley. 


By "Brad" Bradshaw 

JULY has gone, leaving several interest- 
ing events highlighting the capers of 
our fellow Consolidators, during the 
month. Many were as per schedule and 
some purely accidental resulting in red 
faces that could not be attributed to this 
California sunshine. I took in as many as 
possible without paying, but am finding 
it pretty tough sneaking by the "bouncers" 
of late. It being "agin the law" to assault 
a cripple, probably made the column pos- 
sible this month. 

The scoop of the month leaks out from 
the room where the Thomas Butterfield 
clan puts on the "feed bag." Whether be- 
cause of being a frugal man or the sym- 
bolism of the name itself "butter" has be- 
come a horrible word and is disrupting the 
peaceful bliss of the Butterfield home. 
Many a hand has received a severe lacera- 
tion when stealthily reaching after a sec- 
ond helping of this precious product of our 
bovine friends. Helen, faithful wife of 15 
years said "It's mighty embarrassing to 
see the Mesdames Marj' Brown, Betty Mul- 
roy, Marian Taylor, Johnny Hartmayer, 
Mae Doer and Arlene Golem trooping in 
for the weekly pinochle session each carry- 
ing a stick of butter for her lunch." 
Tom's sister-in-law, Mrs. Elizabeth Rogers, 
who is visiting, contributes "I keep a dish 
of butter hid in my dresser drawer, but it 
gets mighty thin and greasy these warm 
days and I feel like a gold hoarder." I 
can't get the answer to all this but I do 
know my parts will have to be plenty dry 
coming from the paint shop. Yep, Tom 
Butter — ? is the inspector. 

Old lady jinx has been hanging pretty 
close on the tail of the Production soft- 
ball team but although near first in the 
standing (reading from the bottom up) 
the lads have been playing some swell ball 
and having a lot of fun. The moniker I 
hung on Roy Coykendall in last issue is 
not a fitting tribute to this "rookie sensa- 
tion" since he took over the hurling duties 
for "deah old Production." After watch- 
ing those "stickers" swing at Roy's fast 
ball, we hereby dub him "Cannonball" 
Coykendall, and the youngster is twirling 
fine games. That fence ball he throws now 
and then is just to keep Captain Matusek 
awake in the outer garden and give him 
a little exercise. Says Cap Matusek, "After 
that game with Hull I know just how the 
mighty Casey felt when he plunged Mud- 
ville into sorrow." But I deny that Les got 
four beers for the game as four is too manv 
beers for that Hull bunch to buy. Mebbee 
two. Ralph Way, that handsome devil 

August, 1939 


who is playing a lot of shortstop has really 
been pepped up since he had the honor of 
taking the carcass of Judy Garland, young 
movie actress for a crawl at a San Clemente 
dance recently. If that's the answer, Ralph, 
I hope the gang will all take an excursion 
to Hollywood. Jack Mulroy, wife and 
daughter continue to be the faithful fol- 
lowers of the team and are in the stands 
every game. Let's give 'em a hand, fellows. 
When Gracie Kcenig and Lloyd Bender 
both showed up for a game, the lads cele- 
brated with 18 runs. Let's get the entire 
department out and make a killing. 

There's a reason for that worried look 
on the faces of Don Rasmussen and Craig 
Clark when the games run too long. "If 
I don't have dinner ready when Elizabeth 
gets home, she is furious and I have the 
dishes to do alone," wails "Dagwood" Don. 
And "Ferdinand" Clark adds "My wife 
says those flowers have to be watered no 
matter what time I get home." Those little 
chores are apt to keep some deserving 
young females from grabbing off a hus- 
band from the team. But Kirby Higdon 
informs us that he will have to get hitched 
before he can get out to play as it's impos- 
sible with his present "sparking" schedule. 

Swinging along the grape vine we were 
able to intercept the following static: 
Howard Bell with a San Diego donated 
"Annie Oakley" and fifteen cents goes to 
see the Padres and Los Angeles play ball 
and roots like the devil for the "Angels." 


BENNY KIEGLE has been around to 
inspect and see what other gardens 
look like so that he may use these ideas 
on his own. Ted Edwards says if Benny 
will tie the bull in his yard he won't have 
to look any farther. Benny only looks, 
anyway, because he gets his exercise at 
the chiropractor's office. No. 2938 

Bill Milton says he would like a picture 
of his chicken ranch put in the Consoli- 
dator but he is afraid that there won't be 
any room for his in this issue after the 
Kiegles and Edwards get their home- 
stead printed. No. 2930 

Henry Doerr is going strong on the 
hamburgers and Hot dogs. . . Has lost 
weight since his wife is visiting in the 
east. No. 293 

Bill Milton (nibbler Bill) says he will 
buy his cigarettes from now on because he 
can't trust the ones he bums. They are 
dynamite. No. 2930 

We notice Albert Heigle is watching 
ths grape market and limbering up the 
old wine press. It won't be long now! 

No. 2930 

This wins for him the title of "Ornerest 
man of July." Gracie Koenig came back 
from Buffalo with so much energy she 
burned the bearings out of the "Under- 
wood" in four hours. "Per heaven's sake 
Gracie, not another romance?" Russ 
Gaughen broke that string of 40 trips to 
the plate without a hit and is now going 
better on the diamond than in his social 
activities which is really stepping. 

Al Ballard, wizard of the Cutting De- 
partment figures more angles than those 
going through the trim saws. He propo- 
sitioned the writer to save the badly di- 
lapidated plaster cast that has adorned 

my wobbly knee for several weeks to be 
hinged and used on his own creaky pin 
that is coming loose at the seams. Then 
by exposing the southern end of his an- 
atomy when traveling north, he attempted 


Complete Automotive Servicing 
with Precision Woritmansliip 

^V 1454 Union St. 

Franklin 2965 San Diego 


'Maybe You'd Hold Your Job and Pay Your Board 
<^^^^ IF You Got Some 

^ Garrett Tools" 

Perhaps the landlady is a bit harsh, 
but the old girl has a good idea. Good 
tools won't hold your job, but they 
surely help plenty. See Garrett for the 
right tools to do the job right. Only 
best nationally advertised brands are 


1126 Santa Fe Ave. 

MUtual 2286 

Los Angeles 


theu la^t .... 






lU. p. FUllER & CO. 

Seuenth Hue. and F St. . main 01 Bl 
2911 Uniuersitv Rue. . Hillcrest 3110 



to move Hank Leigle, his foreman, into 
gathering up a donation for a pair of 
trousers to save the department from 

Al Ambrose is still having palpitations 
of the heart each time he thinks of what 
he would have encountered at home had 
he failed to place that dollar bit on the 
"nag" the wife picked out and, which 
according to form, only had a chance to 
finish if the jockey carried him down the 
stretch. But the "Oatburner" breezed in 
and paid 50 to 1 and whether Al or the 
"nag" was more surprised or wobbly at 
the finish is a question. 

If there were only more free beer parties 

Phone Jackson 201 1 Chick Runyon 
"The Blind Man" 



University Window Shade Co. 

102.) University Avenue 


Iced Coffee 

Because it's a 

• Stronger 

• Richer Blend 


Big 5 Coffee -Personal Blend Coffee 
Big 5 Extracts — Wines Ideal Spices 

like that "gulp, guzzle and burp" setto 
given by the A. B.C. Brewery for the N.A. 
A. we would never have to worry about 
filling a stomach or column for where 
there is beer on the house there's Consol- 
idators under the table and plenty of news. 
Earl Prudden, dynamo of Ryan Aero- 
nautical, Bud Waterbury and Russ Kern, 
two local boys who made good, handled 
everything in great style from checking 
us in until throwing us out. Jack Mulroy 
found the hosts not so dumb as the win- 
dows were all just a little smaller than the 
barrels, and they will not hire a dispatcher. 
My boyhood friend from the hill country 
who downed 54 ounces of that sparkling 
fluid in 28 seconds for a new sectional, 
national and olympic record was not a 
professional as some believed. Honestly, 
the lad never knew they put up liquids 
in anything except gallon jugs before. He 
complained of being mighty thirsty on 
the trip home, blamed it on the arid climate 
and am I glad the drinks were on the 
house. Those very interesting and educa- 
tional pictures of the "PBY Record Break- 
ers" topped off a swell evening's entertain- 
ment, and seeing them we believe if the 
movie scouts were on their toes, we would 
be minus some good mechanics and Holly- 
wood ahead some good actors. The only 
scenes unnatural were watching some of 
the fellows moving so fast and others 
photographing a look of intelligence. And 
I am not referring to Jack Kline, Larry 
Boeing, nor inspectors in particular. One, 
two, three fellows, A.B.C.!!! 

John Lockwood has forsaken that air- 
conditioned office for the honorable and 
leg-conditioning position of dispatcher. On 
the first day of "hot footing" over the 
plant, John had shed the coat and necktie 
and has been gradually decreasing his 
wearing apparel each day. So at any time 
now, he may appear wearing his shorts and 
carrying a fan and roller skates. 

The mountain lions and coyotes were 
aroused from their slumber and sent 


by Gazosa 



With your lunch 

drink a bottle of 


streaking toward the safety of the tall 
timbers a few nights back as President 
Tom Butterfield and his band of San Diego 
Flying Club members took over the 
mountain recluse — Sunnyside — for a night 
of "Whoopee" making and annual dance. 
Tom, Frank Buzzelli, Henry LeBoffe and 
other flying enthusiasts, as usual, came 
thru with a Gala event. Al Griffith, Jack 
Mulroy, Harvey Muck, Ray Hartmayer, 
Howard Golem, Harold Brown and wives, 
were only a few of the youngsters who 
gave the old building a sample of how 
Consol/Jafors "Shake a leg" that made the 
rafters groan. Jeff Bouley, peeping Tom 
and scandal slinger of Engineering sure 
missed some front-page stuff by not being 
there and seeing Goodyear, Eldred, Dun- 
can, Harter, Walker, Palsulich, McDonald, 
and others of his department going thru 
figures that they could never duphcate 
with compass, straight edge and pencil. 
It was a swell dance and if there had been 
a hack saw handy, I would have cut off 
that cast and taken one of those pretty 
females for a whirl myself. 

"The horn on your car must be broken?" 
"No, it's just indifferent." 
"Indifferent! What do you mean?" 
"It just doesn't give a hoot." 


THE Engineers held their monthly 
Golf Tournament at the La Jolla 
Country Club on Sunday, July 16, 1939, 
and was a grand success. 

These tournaments are getting very 
popular with the Engineers there being a 
number of new golfers competing it goes 
to show that the boys sure enjoy their golf. 
Below are listed the winners of the last 

1st Flight 
1st Low Net — Hemphill 67 

C. Ekrem 67 

2nd Low Net — Meer 69 

3rd Low Net — Ring 71 

Sutton 71 

Low Gross — R. Miller 81 

Low Putts — Yater 31 

2nd Flight 

1st Low Net — Devlin 69 

2nd Low Net — N. Ekrem 71 

3rd Low Net — McGuiness 72 

D. Miller 72 

Low Gross — I. Craig 96 

Low Putts — Watts 32 

Lutz 32 

Weber 32 

3rd Flight 

1st Low Net — Rosenbaum 7i 

2nd Low Net — Rohn 74 

3rd Low Net — Whitney 77 

Low Gross — McCabe 114 

Low Putts- — Achterkirchen 3 5 

Wain Wright 3 5 

4th Flight 

1st Low Net — Heim 70 

2nd Low Net — Whitaker 73 

3rd Low Net — Mohr 75 

Low Gross — White 127 

Low Putts — Clement 41 

The next Engineers Golf Tournament 
will be held at Rancho Santa Fe Golf 
Course and the date will be posted at a 
later date. 


If you should go out some Thursday 
evening and visit the Sunshine Bowling 
Alleys you will find two teams in the 
Summer League represented by personnel 
from our Consolidated Bowling League. 
These teams represent "The Jessop's Jew- 
elry Co. and The Ben Towers Jewelry 
Store". All the boys are having a good 
season. Come down and cheer them on; 
they will be glad to see you. 
Notes: — 

Mr. Bowlin of the Loft has returned 
from a 6 weeks trip to his home in Holyoke, 
Mass., with his family. Welcome back to 
the fold. 

W. Wimer, after spending two strenu- 
ous weeks at Lindbergh Flying Field with 
the Reserves, has returned to his duties in 
the Loft Dept. We hope Bill has found 
some new ideas on whether the bend line 
should be dotted or ? 

If I. Craig keeps playing golf and betting 
the boys he will shoot 95 or under we will 
have to see that he wins from now on 
for he expects an addition to the Craig 
family soon. Good luck, we hope it's a boy. 

Our new golfer, Heim, sure is coming 
along strong, started playing only last 
month and comes along and finishes 1st 
in his flight. Keep it up Carl, you will be 
in the 1st Flight one of these days. 

See us regarding new 



Automobile Public 
Liability and Property 
Damage Insurance 

(which also provide 
a return of 15% on 
the premium, pro- 
vided no losses are 
incurred during the 
12 months the poli- 
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316 S. D. Trust & Savings BIdg. 


"Coast io Coasi Protection and Service" 

^^High Altitude^^ 

"Grounded^' Prices 



On "Friendly" Credit 



Watches . .Jewelry 

Radios and Electrical 
Appliances . . Satisfac- 
tion Guaranteed at 

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Your Ideas and Our Ideas and 
get that new home built 

Visit our Home Consultation 
Department. They will show 
you the Model Houses built 
by High School Students— the 
pictorial display of beautiful 
homes. . .Eleven Building Ma- 
terial Departments— and make 
all arrangements and assist you 
to get a building loan— and 
recommend a contractor. 


always values plus satisfaction 

at the 



-»~* tS » ' 

14th and K Streets 

v. 4128 University -Oceai 

Main 7191 

■ El Centre 




San Diego . . EST. 1925 




You get your instruction IN 

9 You have a wide choice of 
planes to fly . . . 50 h.p. 
Cubs, low wing Sinners, 
Fleet Bi- Plane, Fairchild, 
Waco, Douglas Bi-Plane and 

9 Free Ground School Wed- 
nesday nights for students 
who fly Twith us. 

this easy, 
practical way 

$050 P^R 


YOU don't have to sign up 
for a whole course and pay 
for it in advance at Speer's. 
Take one lesson or as many 
as you need. Ask your 


Barnett at the Causeway - Opposite Marine Base 
Free Courtesy Car to Field from Broadway and 5th Avenue Landings. 


TXcy la^t . • • . 







Ul. P. FUllER & [0. 

Seuenth Hue. and F St. . main 01 BI 
2911 Uniuersitv Hue. . HillcrBSt 3110 


By D. K. K. 

Credit yourself with ten for each ques- 
tion answered correctly. Answers will be 
found on page 10. 

1. The largest propeller test rig in the 
world, capable of whirling a 4 5 -foot 
prop. 43 00 R.P.M. and requiring 6000 
H.P. for operation is located where? 

2. How much money will be disbursed 
by the Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics 
under the Naval Establishment Law? 

3. What is the new American record 
for altitude in a sailplane? 

4. Who were the first Army Air Corps 
pilots to solo? 

5. Who has developed the first four- 
bladed controllable pitch propeller with 
the aid of the U. S. Army Air Corps? 

6. The difference between the geomet- 
rical pitch and the effective pitch of a 
propeller is called what? 

7. What is a heavy jet or vertical sheet 
of water thrown above the water surface 
behind a seaplane float called? 

8. What term is used for the height of 
the lower level of a bank of clouds above 
the ground. 

9. How many airports are there in the 
United States and Alaska at the present 

10. What corporation has the record for 
making the largest number of multiple 
engine flying boats in the entire world. 

Good Food at 
Moderate Prices 

Open Sundays 
and Holidays 

Morgan's Cafeteria 

1047-1049 Sixth Ave. 

Bet^veen Broadw-ay and C St.. San Diego 

The August, 193 8, issue of the Sports- 
man Pilot contains an excellent article on 
patrol flying in a PBY. The article is by 
Wm. F. Hausman of the Marine Corps, 
and well worth the trouble of securing. 

If you think the Wright Brothers just 
started in and built an airplane . . . then 
the article "The Wright Brothers as Re- 
searchers," by Geo. W. Lewis, F.LAe.Sc, 
Director of Aeronautical research, which 
appears in the August issue of Aviation, 
is called to your attention. 

^^High Altitude^^ 

"Grounded^' Prices 




Volume 4 

September, 1939 

Number 9 


IN the Annual Report to the Secretary 
of the Navy by the Chief of Naval 
Operations, Admiral William D. Leahy, 
U. S. Navy, for the Fiscal Year 1939, 
there appears an account of the operations 
of the 48 PBYs which left here on Jan- 
uary 10th to participate in the war ma- 
neuvers. The report discloses the rather 
extensive flying and matter of fact utility 
of these planes in the course of these 

"Although part of regularly scheduled 
exercises, the operations of Patrol Wing 
One in connection with Fleet Problem XX 
are worthy of note. That wing, compris- 
ing 48 patrol airplanes, departed San Diego 
for Coco Solo, non-stop, on January 10, 
1939, and arrived at their destination on 
January 11. From Coco Solo the wing 
flew to San Juan, Puerto Rico, on January 
23 and while based in that vicinity par- 
ticipated in Fleet Landing Exercise Num- 
ber Five and Fleet Problem XX. After 
completion of Fleet Problem, Patrol Wing 
One proceeded non-stop from San Juan to 
Norfolk, Virginia, on March 9, and while 
on the East Coast participated in a Joint 
Air Exercise off the New England Coast, 
basing at Newport for that purpose. Two 
squadrons of this wing were retained on 
the East Coast, the remaining two re- 
turning to San Diego by way of Guantan- 
amo, Coco Solo and the Gulf of Fonseca, 
leaving Norfolk on May 1 and arriving 
San Diego May 10. Exclusive of distance 
flown in connection with the Fleet Prob- 
lem, Patrol Wing One covered a distance 
of over 10,000 miles on its cruise." 


J. W. Von Rohr of Inspection is very 
much interested in the Dog Show to be 
held September 2d and 3d at Balboa Park 
in the Federal Housing Building. The rea- 
son: Rohr has been raising Cocker Spaniels 
on his place at Santee, and is going to enter 
four Cockers of his own breeding in the 
event. According to the information re- 
ceived, the show is under the supervision 
of Capt. C. S. Beale and the American 
Kennel Club, and between 600 and 700 
dogs of various breeds are expected to be 


COOPERATION of the employees of 
Consolidated Aircraft Corporation 
will be an important factor in the ap- 
proaching Community Chest campaign 
which will be conducted in San Diego 
from September 28 to October 14. 

Included in the Community Chest are 
3 5 agencies whose services extend into 
the fields of child care, family welfare, 
health, neighborly aid, and youth guid- 
ance. Broadly speaking, the work of these 
agencies is preventive and reconstructive. 
The services are capably directed by earnest 
men and women skilled in their tasks. These 
agencies, through health units, are helping 
to prevent disease; through youth guid- 
ance organizations, to prevent delinquency 
and its off-shoot, crime; through relief and 
welfare groups, to prevent destitution. 

Under-privileged children are brought 
under wholesome influences which en- 
courages them to develop into self-re- 
specting law-abiding members of the com- 
munity. Youth guided into the right paths 
and trained for parenthood and finer citi- 
zenship will become good neighbors and 
community assets. 

Families aided in their fight against 
dependency regain courage to make their 
own way, and ease the taxpayers' relief 

Emergency governmental measures, 
whether they be County, State, or Federal, 
do not, and cannot, take into account 
such services as these. They have been, 
and probably always will be, the com- 
munity's collective responsibility and ob- 

The San Diego Community Chest, estab- 
lished 18 years ago, unites the 3 5 agencies 
into one great program of social service, 
and only one appeal for support is made 
each year. Formerly, there were several 
independent programs and individual fund- 
raising efforts. 

The Chest method is working effectively 
in more than 450 American cities. One of 
its soundest features is that it gives each 
wage earner an opportunity to make it 
possible for less fortunate members of 
the community to receive the services of 


Mr. Van Dusen, our Vice-President and 
Works Manager, recently received a letter 
from Aviation Corporates Limited, our 
London Representatives. Within it was 
contained a copy of a letter from an Eng- 
lish publication to which Aviation Cor- 
porates had been kind enough to supply 
pictures. The pictures were taken of the 
Consolidated Model 2 8-5 upon her arrival 
at the conclusion of her delivery flight 
across the Atlantic. The letter thanked 
Air Corporates for the pictures, and 
wound up with a P.S. reading: 

"She seems to have arrived in a very 
clean and tidy condition, but perhaps your 
clever crew wiped the spots off before the 
photographers arrived." 

That surely is the finest compliment 
yet received. 


We're working for aviation . . . avia- 
tion works for us. Recently it was neces- 
sary for our Vice-President Ed Gott to 
make a trip east on behalf of the company. 
To show you how the crossing of the 
country by airline saves time and business 
hours, Mr. Gott left Los Angeles Sunday 
at 4:30 p.m. arrived in Washington, D. C. 
Monday at 10:12 a.m. Four full business 
days were put in and Mr. Gott boarded 
the 4:45 p.m. plane out of Washington 
Thursday night, arrived in San Diego at 
10:10 am. Friday. This means that he 
was only gone 4 days and 5 nights . . . 
but spent 4 full business days in Wash- 

This trip was made via the American 
Airlines route, and so accurately do the 
planes depart and travel on schedule, that 
strip maps are supplied to the passengers, 
marked off with fifteen minute spaces. 
Thus it is possible simply to look at your 
watch, count off the fifteen minute in- 
tervals on the map since your departure, 
and know your position exactly. 

these privately supported Chest agencies. 
Chas. T. Leigh, vice-president of this 
company, is a member of the Community 
Chest's budget committee. 

AM communications should be addressed to the CONSOLIDATOR, c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Dieqo, California. 
Permission to reprint, in whole or in part, any of the subject matter herein, is gladly granted any established publication provided proper credit is qiven the 
CONSOLIDATOR. Material may not be used for advertising. Printed monthly in the U. S. A. by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, California. 



FOR some time a message to all Con- 
solidated employees has been in the 
back of my mind, but the press of busi- 
ness has made it impossible for the last 
few issues. Now, with the receipt of the 
announcement of our new award from 
the War Department for $8,485,000 of 
additional aircraft, it is fitting to look 
back at what we have accomplished and 
the work that lies ahead of us. Contracts 
received this year total well over $17,- 
000,000.00, bringing to Consolidated a 
sizable backlog of work to be done. This, 
translated into terms of employment, 
means that we shall have work for an in- 
creased number of employees for some 
time to come. The effort and concentration 
on securing this business has been well 
worth while. 

Four years ago this month, as you will 
recall, we started work here and began in- 
creasing our payroll in a factory which 
we believed would be adequate in size for 
our needs at the time, and to take care of 
anticipated future business. Within a very 
short time it became apparent that we 
would have to expand to handle even the 
business on hand, and the necessary con- 
struction was undertaken. Subsequent 
business justified that expansion, for at 
the peak we had some 3,800 employees on 
the roll. By late this fall, due to contracts 
now on hand, our personnel should have 
increased to 3,000 employees. This will 
necessitate the hiring of a considerable 
number of men. In fairness, every effort is 
being made, in so far as is possible, first 
to reach former employees and extend them 
the opportunity of our employment. 

With a business as exacting as is the 

construction of modern aircraft, com- 
plete co-operation in every detail of the 
work is highly essential. I need only point 
to the results of flight performances of 
the PBYs and commercial model 28 air- 
planes which we have completed for the 
United States Navy, Mr. Richard Arch- 
bold, the American Export Airlines and 
the British Air Ministry to illustrate that 
you as workmen in this plant have made 
the highest quality of product your aim 
and that the cooperation has been whole- 

It was just three years ago this month 
that your magazine, the Consolidator, had 
its beginning. In these three years it has 
been a fitting medium of expression and 
I have noted the splendid manner in which 
many of you have contributed your spe- 
cialized knowledge in the preparation of 
articles of intense interest to all. This is 
another way of expressing the cooperation 
that makes the building of our outstand- 
ing aircraft possible. Sometimes we do not 
fully appreciate the fact that each one of 
us is a specialist in a particular phase of 
the work and that it is the combined ef- 
forts of all that form the backbone of the 
Corporation. It is good business for us 
occasionally to pause and transform some 
of this specialized knowledge that is ours, 
into simple understandable reading matter, 
so that other members of our corporation 
can appreciate the varietv of work being 
contributed to in the building of our 

That we are sometimes not fully aware 
of what our fellow workers are doing was 
forcibly brought home to many by our 
moving picture, "Building the PBY Record 
Breakers." Here undoubtedly many of you 
saw some of the processes and operations 
for the first time. Probably you had not 
had the opportunity of witnessing them 
before, simplv because you were busy at 
vour job while they were being done. 
Yet, as you realize, each of these processes 
niayed a vital part in making possible the 
remarkable performances of our aircraft. 
It is through the pages of the Cwisolidator 
that you can broaden your fellow workers' 
knowledge of these processes and opera- 

I wish to compliment each and every 
contributor, over the period of the mag- 
azine's three year span, on what he or she 
has freely given, of personal effort to our 

We Consolidators have one of the finest 
aircraft manufacturing plants in the world 
and much of the very latest in special 
equipment. We have become established in 
a beautiful city with an excellent climate 
in which to live, and in our plant personnel 

have one of the best groups of skilled men 
ever assembled for a single purpose. Our 
Government, through the War and Navy 
Departments have expressed confidence 
in these facts. Thus we have an opportun- 
ity of showing the country what we can 
do in the production of fine aircraft. ] 
There but remains for us to give of our 
ability in the production of these airplanes. 
These are of course the types of aircraft 
that have been selected as best giving our 
country the state of preparedness it needs 
for any eventuality. Within the periods 
ahead required for the performance of the 
contracts, we should do all possible to pro- 
duce in full quality and quantity, the share 
of aircraft that has become ours by virtue 
of the confidence which the Government 
of the United States, through its War and 
Navy Departments, has placed in us. 

We must bend every effort to ensure the 
fulfillment of this priceless obligation. 

Among those who visited the plant last 
month were the president and vice-presi- 
dent of United Air Lines, Mr. W. A. Pat- 
terson and Mr. Harold Crary, respectively. 

Bricklayer, Par Excellence 

chief Inspector Jack Thompson did a 
bit of "extraterritorial inspection" during 
Factory Manager Jim Kelley's absence on 
his vacation. He noted that Jim Kelley's 
yard didn't have an outdoor fireplace and 
grill. What would be better, Thompson 
thought, than to surprise Kelley on his 
return with a complete outdoor grill, all 
ready to go? So he took Leo Bourdon into 
the idea and the two of them set to work. 
They got a load of bricks, mortar, fire 
clay, the necessary ironwork and began 
working week-ends. 

"Jack Thompson," says Leo, "has been 
holding out on us. He's an artist in lay- 
ing bricks from away back, and the amount 
of brickwork he can turn out in a day is 
a revelation." 

Apparently, however, Thompson didn't 
get the idea quite soon enough. Despite the 
fact that Thompson and Leo worked one 
Saturday from 7 am. 'till 5 p.m. with 
scarcely time out for a sandwich, mixing 
their mortar, moving and placing bricks, 
fire clay, etc., Kelley cut his vacation short, 
came home sooner than expected and found 
the grill in the course of construction . . . 
Both the "culprits" faces were a brick red 
when Kelley showed up unexpectedly at 
the plant. "If he'd only stayed away that 
extra week-end we expected . . ." was 
muttered under their breaths. Incidentally, 
Hank Golem was supposed to help, but 
managed his vacation at the proper time. 

September, 1939 


By Bill Hartman 

PACIFIC BEACH residents attention: 
The firm of Brown and Kastelic will 
do a cheap job good, on any and all land- 
scaping work. They have just completed 
a job on Kastelic's new home and a right 
smart piece of work it is too, if they do 
say so themselves ... It seems as though 
Art Bommer, our well known equestrian 
is a born fool for luck . . . all bad. Art 
left his car at the gas station to have an 
oil change only they forgot to put the 
oil in and Art all too trustingly drove 
half way home . . . now the station at- 
tendant is picking up the pieces. 

Harold DeRemer marries Camilla Rey- 
nolds of Talmadge Park the first week in 
September. After an extended tour of 
northern California and Oregon, the couple 
may be found . . . somewhere in east San 
Diego. Harold invites all his friends to 
come out and partake of some ginger ale 
and such. Incidentally he has been batch- 
ing with his father for so long he really 
knows which end of a broom does the 
work. Nice training for a newly-wed — 
says us! 

Benny Kiegle (who doubts very much if 
Civil Service is here to stay) says if those 
certain three welders who eat smoked fish 
only knew what it smelled like, they 
wouldn't eat it . . . Hyyaboys? 

Frank (Technocrat) Sechrist, who is a 
rabid ham radioist tells us he sits up 'till 
the wee sma' hours dot and dashing it over 
with the hams as far away as New York. 
He says he listens to their world fair stories 
and then sells them on our fair. Well, all's 
fair at both fairs, eh, Frank? 

Gus Fougeron is on a soup diet and boy, 
is he burned up. A cowboy has to have 
his meat and beans and poor Gus is with- 
out teeth, having 'em yanked out so's he 
can get store choppers. Poor Gus s'tough, 
and we don't mean steak! 

Geo. Draper is waiting so anxious like 
for the deer season to open so's he can get 
that buck he didn't get last year. Don't 
forget, George, all the gang will be there 
for that venison barbecue. 

Glad to welcome back Villain, Gatchell, 
Shaw, Higbee and Bowers, who have been 
sojourning up north, none of whom look 
the worse for wear. 

Now that "El Coyote" has been cap- 
tured down Tijuana way, Kurt Kruger 
need not sit up nights guarding those 
three banty chickens of his. 

When asked to bring a picture of his 
house in for the Consolidafor, Vic Perry 
says he wouldn't as his dog was using it 
now. Well, we all get in there once in a 
while Vic, so cheer up! 

THE following letter was sent by 
Mr. C. A. Van Dusen, our Vice- 
President, to Mr. Richard Archbold. It is 
reproduced here as it expresses the appre- 
ciation of the whole plant for Mr. Arch- 
bold's accomplishments, and the very strik- 
ing "demonstration" of the capabilities of 
our aircraft: 

July 14, 1959 
Mr. Richard Archbold, 
Biological Explorations, Inc., 
New York, N. Y. 
Dear Dick: 

We in Coiisolidafed are delighted with 
the marvelous flight records you and your 
crew of the Guba have made in connection 
with the expedition to New Guinea. I be- 
lieve the following new flight accomplish- 
ments were made: 

l.The first time an airplane has flown 
around the world at its greatest di- 

2. The longest flying boat over-ocean non- 
stop flight — Dakar to St. Thomas, 
Virgin Islands. 

3. The first time a flying boat has flown 
around the world. 

4. The first time an airplane has crossed 
the Indian Ocean from Australia to 

5. The first time a flying boat has crossed 

We wish to congratulate you and the 
Guba crew on these accomplishments 
which speaks well for the crew of the Guba 
and your organization. The fact that the 
flights were incidental to the main purpose 
of the flying boat with the expedition and 
without any extraordinary fuss, is truly 
remarkable in view of the accomplish- 

A general inspection of the Guba shows 
it to be in remarkably good condition. As 
a matter of fact it is apparent that there 

Charlie "What a man" Pettit is happy 
now since they've put in that spare bed- 
room for him. He is like a young boy in 
his first long pants. "Pettit's Palace" grand 
opening announced later, with a gigantic 
fireworks display from electric welding 
torch . . . bring your own lunch. 

Steve Barrinka, Lewis Yancey, Richard Archbold, 
Russell Rogers, Ray Booth, Gerald Brown. 

will be hardly any repairs required as com- 
pared to what would ordinarily be ex- 
pected from an airplane that has been 
flown more than 1000 hours and has been 
stationed in the tropics with very little in 
the way of facilities such as are ordinarily 
available in the operation of equipment 
of this character. The expedition has suc- 
ceeded in proving that military equipment 
of this class can be stationed in remote 
locations for long periods of time with only 
a small amount of facilities and personnel 
for upkeep. This means that in case of 
emergency the Navy could send its flying 
boats to any part of the world with the 
assurance that they could be of extreme 
value as a military weapon, even operat- 
ing in such remote locations as the Philip- 
pine Islands, and without benefit of elab- 
orate bases and large numbers of upkeep 

Needless to say, Coiisolidafed fully ap- 
preciates all of this. 

We are looking forward to seeing you 
in California in the near future. Major 
Fleet, Mc Laddon, Learman, and in fact 
all of our executives, join in kindest re- 

Coiisolidafed Aircraff Corporatimi, 
C. A. Van Dusen, 


After looking at the wallpaper in 
Junior's room, we have decided to make 
him a fingerprint expert. 

Cellophane is applied psychology. 



and on 



2368 Ketiner at Kalmia 



We welcome back to the Consolidated 
plant, Charles E. Kinney, who since 1937 
has been stationed at Coco Solo as our 
Service Representative, looking after the 
service requirements and performance of 
the Navy's brood of PBYs stationed there. 

The work, the food, the tropical clime, 
a bit of a vacation thrown in and a recent 
event, apparently have been good to 
Kinney. It is rumored that he could not 
have flown back, due to the extra weight 
he took on, and therefore was forced to 
return by boat. Actually, Kinney admits 
having added a mere 12 pounds during the 
two years. Kinney had the experience and 
pleasure of flying down to Coco Solo with 
the VP 3 Squadron . . . the first massed 
flight from San Diego to the Canal Zone. 
That in itself was an outstanding personal 
event, but a more recent one stands out 




even more so. On July 15 th, last. Miss 
Dolores Spencer of Santa Ana became Mrs. 
Kinney. The wedding took place in Santa 
Ana . . . and now Kinney is stepping back 
into the harness here. Congratulations and 
best wishes, even at this late date, from 
all the gang. 

H. E. Kraus, our Service Representative 
in Honolulu, we learn, has returned from 
there with Mrs. Kraus and is at present 
on vacation. Mr. Kraus will be back at the 
plant about the middle of the month. 


For new men coming to work here for 
the first time, and for some of us older 
fellows who are apt to get a bit careless, 
here are some good safety tips prepared 
by "Mac" McDonald, day First Aid Chief, 
and "Nic" Walker, on nights, as a guide 
for avoiding accidents. How do you stack 
up on this list? 

1. Keep your fingers oflf of the opposite 
side of material when drilling. Use a small 
block of wood where the bit will pene- 
trate the stock. 

2. If you believe you have a foreign 
body in your eye, take time out to come 
to First Aid and find out, for the longer 
it remains in the eye, the deeper it will 
become imbedded. 

3. Don't try to lift heavy parts that 
are beyond your capacity, just to show 
someone you're a "he-man" — get help. 

4. Watch your step when stepping off 
a high spot. A severe sprain or a fracture 
of a bone of the foot may be the result. 

5. Watch those saueezers. They have 
been made almost "fool proof" but still 
can do damage to a "wise guy." 

6. Use the air hoses for purposes in- 
tended. A foreign particle blown in some- 
one's eye may result in the loss of eve- 
sight. Air hoses are not intended for clothes 

7. Don't pull a plug from "plug boxes" 
after cleaning the interior of a ship. An 
explosion may be the result. 

8. Knock oflf the "horse play" in the 
factory. Go to Del Mar and play the 
horses — it's safer. 

9. Watch the cuts on a lathe, they will 
curl into a sorine. Stoo vour lathe and 
break th^m oflf b-fore they are thrown 
into your face and eves. 

10. Don't watch the arc welder: he will 
get alons; O.K. You mnv save yourself 
one of the worst nights that it !■; possible 
for a human being to ^oend Fve burns 
from simply watchme an arc are one of 
the most painful of inniries, 

"Every human institution is the length- 
ened shadow of a man." — Ralph Waldo 


That all persons may be able to 
exercise their right, and express 
their view^s in the election of No- 
vember 7th, it is necessary that 
those not now registered, must do 
so prior to September 25 th. 


By LaVier and Trunnan 

ACTIVITIES of the San Diego Flying 
L\. Club during the past month have 
included much time spent on overhaul 
of equipment. This work covered a major 
overhaul of the engine for the Rearwin 
Airplane and refinishing the Taylorcraft. 
Much of the labor was done by club mem- 
bers under the supervision of "Spike" 
McCannon, energetic operations manager. 

A feature of Sunday afternoon flying 
activity is the weekly spot landing con- 
test between club members and supporters 
of Tyce's Flying Service. Location of the 
contests alternate between the home air- 
port and Chula Vista Airport. To date the 
San Diego Flying Club is out in front, the 
first three meets having been won by 
members: McCannon, Petro and Anderson. 

Every Sunday night spot landing con- 
testants and spectators gather at Mr. and 
Mrs. Bob Jacquot's "El Monterey" on 
Route 101. Sunday, August 6th, will be 
long remembered for the delicious spa- 
ghetti dinner given by Messrs. McCarthy 
and Petro and prepared by Mrs. Jacquot. 

Club Instructor, W. J. "Mac" McClain 
has resigned in order that he might ac- 
cept a position of instructor with the 
Ryan School of Aeronautics. Mr. Harr^' 
Culver, who pinch hit for McClain, while 
the latter was at Randolph Field, has been 
named to fill the vacancy. 

Continued good condition of the club 
airport has been assured by the creation 
of a new position, that of field mainten- 
ance manager. The first occupant of the 
newly created post is member Becker, well 
known both on North Island and in San 

Solo flights were made during the past 
month by club members: Anderson, De 
Hoff and LaVier. 


With both the weight of airplane en- 
gines and living horses variable, a rough 
basis of comparison is that the engine de- 
velops as much power for only one one- 
hundredth as much weight. 

Nearly ten miles of high grade, special 
finish, nickel alloy coil stock was used 
to supply the PBY planes with bolts. 

September, 1939 

On August 8th, our friend Emmet W. 
Clark, toolmaker, passed away. His high 
degree of skill, his devotion to his pro- 
fession and his friendliness, will be missed 
by his many friends of Consolidated. 

It will be thirty-six years since Wilber 
and Orville Wright made their first flight 
over the sands of Kitty Hawk, North 
Carolina, December 17, 1903. 


By "Scoity" McCartney 

Poor Homer Millman . . . Goes out 

when the sun is not shining and really gets 

sunburned. Chamber of Commerce Note: 

The sun shines every day in California, 

even though you don't see it. No. 1738. 

Welcome back to the Sheet Dept., Geo. 

Hope, and may you have a long stay in 

the California Sunshine! No. 1716. 

Connie Seaderquist must be having good 

luck on the punch boards. He is sporting 

a new wrist watch. No. 1783. 

Larry Boeing, oft a contributor to these 
columns, is somewhat of a flower fancier 
(this leaves him wide open for Ed Stewart) 
. . . Larry won a second prize for his tuber- 
ous begonias at the La Mesa Flower show. 

Rupert Pownder of Accounting, tennis 
player, badminton star, etc., etc., married 
Miss Elizabeth Baker in Reno, Saturday, 
August 19th. Congratulations and the best 
of good wishes! 


By Bioiiiie 

Mrs. Richard Bartlett recently returned 
from a three month's trip to England, Ire- 
land and Scotland. "Limey" says he is 
through "batchin' " now. 

Mrs. Leo Klingenmeier left for a month's 
stay in Buffalo. 

All men interested in a Bachelor's club, 
sign up with "Limey" Bartlett. 

We see "Army" Armstrong can put his 
hand in his pocket again, now that his 
finger is well. Army says he will think 
twice before he swings next time. 

'•' '■■ '•■ Anyone wishing a hot tip on the 
day's races see Army, Limey, Frank or 
Harry for sure winners . . . Yeah? 

Jack Campbell recently found that his 
Willys has only four cylinders. Better see 
if it has four wheels, Jack. 

Al Vernon, Wing timekeeper, spends his 
spare time studying how to make a hole 
in one ... in tennis. 

If all the Wing tennis players turn out 
for the Doubles Tournament someone from 
the Wing is liable to bring home the 
bacon . . . we hope. 

Facts About Femmes 

By Kathleen Schneider 

WE hope Irma Robbins is enjoying 
her visit to the old home town of 
Buffalo. Irma says when we are complain- 
ing about the "heat" in San Diego, to 
think of her sweltering in a typical August 
hot spell in Buffalo. (By the way, we're 
keeping an eye on you, Red.) 

The main topic of conversation these 
days seems to be bicycles. So far, five of 
us have invested our capital in this sport 
and have mastered the art of getting the 
vehicles to move in an upright position. 
If Marcella Holzman, from all reports, 
keeps on trying to ride Gretchen's bike 
and stays away from ant-infested bushes, 
she may be able to go with us on a trek 

We miss Clara Sachs' smiling counte- 
nance and last minute contributions to 
the after-lunch conversations. We all wish 
her loads of happiness and best wishes on 
her recent marriage, and hope she will pay 
us a visit whenever she is in our neigh- 

Blanche Davis, our genial telephone op- 
erator, has just returned from a visit with 
her family in Buffalo. Welcome back to 
your post in the lobby, Blanche. 

And speaking about the new ice skating 
rink, we get a big kick out of the fact 
that the first one of our feminine Coiisoli- 
daters to brave the hard ice was none other 
than a native of sunny, snow-less San 
Diego. Louise Girodon has been ice-skat- 
ing five times now and is becoming quite a 
veteran on the ice. She has several scars 
to show for her experience but she goes 
right back to the rink again. 

Ann Howard is our second ice venturer, 
and she hastens to inform us that the 
bruises on her knee are from a tangle with 
her bicycle and not from ice-skating. 

The new Fall styles definitely predict 
shoes with the heels in, which means (per- 
haps) that not so many hollow-sounding 
feminine footsteps will be heard around 
our halls this Fall. 

Several of the fellows in the Ordering 
Department got into a disagreement the 
other day as to which one had the smallest 
waisthne — so they brought out the old 
tape measure to settle the argument. And 
now who says the girls are the only ones 
to worry about their slim waists? (We 
really should embarrass the guilty fellows 
by mentioning their names in our column, 
but we'll let them off easy this time.) 

Juanita Smith and Grace Koenig are 
staunch boosters for their respective de- 
partments' Softball teams. Grace will bet a 
dime any day for the Production Depart- 
ment team, and "Miss Blue" will do like- 
wise for the Maintenance Department 

Lucille's new Ingersoll says it's time to 
cover up the keys on this edition. 


Gus Johnson must think the telephone 
in the Bench Department has television. 
He answers yes and no by shaking his 

I wish to express my most sincere ap- 
preciation to Mr. Young and all my friends 
in the Metal Bench Department and 
throughout the shop for their kindness 
and good fellowship. Adolf Germeinder, 
No. 2917. 


Our genial reporter of Tube Bending, 
Danny Whorton, and Miss Eleanor Butler 
of New York City, were married at 3:00 
A.M., Sunday, August 20th, in Yuma 
Ariz. Danny was a little bit shy of news 
from his department this month, aside 
from noting that Norman Freakley has 
returned to the department and that Bill 
Plesierre, formerly with Final Assembly, 
is now in the department of tube bending. 

Slack Suits 
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salesmen a^e at vour service. Full stoctcs of Ko- 
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By Jerry Litell 

IN a previous issue we covered the de- 
velopment of soaring in San Diego and 
took a short imaginary flight from the 
beach at Torrey Pines. This time we shall 
visit the Torrey Pines glider port, to see 
how they operate their new 2-place sail- 

It is a typical summer Sunday as we 
drive out on the highway 101. You would 
hardly expect to soar on deflected wind 
today because, as you reach the divided 
highway at the top of Rose Canyon the 
tall Eucalyptus trees are just barely sway- 
ing and the blue Pacific is hardly ruffled 
between the big slicks, yet, as you cross 
the dividing "island" at the first Navy 
Speed Course marker another mile farther 
along you can see two sailplanes being 

"I thought they needed white-caps to 
fly," you say. 

"They did, flying from the beach with- 
out instruments, but they have learned a 
lot about soaring as well as aerodynamics 
and meteorology since then. They know, for 
instance, that this gentle breeze that you 
feel here at 300 ft. altitude will soon de- 
scend to the surface. Then, with the full 
advantage of the height of the cliffs plus 
some of California's sunshine reflected 
from the hot sands below, a skillful pilot 
may attain several hundred feet altitude 
in this light wind, provided he has a 

"In his radio?" 

"No, in soaring a variometer is the in- 
strument that shows ascent or descent in 
feet per second. Man can fly by feel, to a 
limited extent. But only an instrument 
can tell him the force of the 'bumps,' and 
even their presence is often not perceptible 
to the human sense. The variometer is 
simply an aneroid barometer with a small 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

"The Home of Aviation" 


hole in it. When you climb the aneroid ex- 
pands, but the expansion is checked by the 
leak, and as soon as the climb stops, the 
pressures inside and outside equalize them- 
selves and the box returns to normal size. 
In a downdraft the pressure outside in- 
creases the air rushes in thru the pinhole 
to fill the partial vacuum, the faster the 
descent, the greater is the difference in 
pressures and the greater the hollow in the 
back of the box, until the descent stops 
and the pressures again equalize. The move- 
ments of the back of the box are trans- 
ferred to a hand on the dial on the face 
which is calibrated in feet per second. 

Now the pilot can tell "Which way the 
wind blows,' linger around in updraf ts and 
dive thru downdrafts, or air pockets, as 
they were called before soaring. 

Then there is the bank indicator which 
is simply a spirit level mounted transversely 
in the cockpit. It tells you if you are flying 
level and whether you are slipping or skid- 
ding in the turns. The airspeed indicator on 
a glider or sailplane is usually a war sur- 
plus instrument 'souped up' with a venturi 
tube and re-calibrated to read accurately 
speeds of 30 m.p.h. and even lower. This 
is important because the sailplane flies very 
close to its stalling speed. An increase of 
only 2 miles per hour over the most efficient 
flying speed may eventually force the pilot 
to land if the wind is weak. Or a poor turn 
may bring him down where the lift is too 
weak, making a landing necessary, before 
he gets below the mesa. Bringing the ship 
back from the beach is considered a dis- 

"So that is why you claim soaring im- 
proves your piloting! If you don't fly per- 
fectly, you don't fly at all, is that it?" 

"It is, here in San Diego, anyway. Our 
prevailing westerly winds are usually light 
or moderate, just enough for soaring a good 

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Top, lefc, the "Grunau 8" 2-place sailplane at 
rest. Center, A view of the glider port from the 
"Grunau 8" flying at about 300 feet altitude. 
Right, A busy day at the glider port. Bottom pic- 
tures are views taken from inside the sailplane 
showing the cliffs and emergency landing field 

sailplane with careful piloting. It is cer- 
tainly an incentive to practice smooth 
flying. . . . 

Slope soaring in a weak wind is a con- 
tinuous perfect figure eight, the maneuver 
that is to the pilot what the scale is to 
the musician. Not only must he fly well, 
but he must do it in the limited area of 
the updraft, all the time allowing for a 
slight drift." 

"I see. Your record-breaking pilots keep 
doing their scales here at Torrey Pines, 
their advanced practice pieces in the desert, 
and then go on a concert tour around the 

"That is a good picture of it ail right." 

Well, here we are, and our two-place 
Grunair is all assembled, except for the 
gap cover. We leave that off for the final 
inspection. The pilot is now going over 
all connections to see that they are se- 
cured and in working order. 

At about this time the bright shcks on 
the water are covered over by the ruffled 
deep blue that has been moving in from 
the horizon. The pilot covers the gap be- 
tween the wing roots, hooks up the tow 
hne and tests the release. Then he climbs 
into the front cockpit. One of the boys 
hands him a streamlined, transparent cock- 
pit cover. All the new sailplanes are closed 
or, at least convertible nowadays. It often 
makes the difference between flying or just 
wishing to fly. The ship is ready for a trial 
hop, and this is the way it is launched: 

A 6" diameter pulley is attached to the 
tow car. Then the tow rope is run thru 
the pulley and fastened to a stake in the 
ground. On a signal, the car is accelerated 
as fast as possible in low gear up to 20 
miles per hour. The sailplane hooked to 
the free end of the rope has to cover twice 
the distance the car does in the same time. 
Against a ten mile head wind, the air- 
speed of the glider reaches 50 miles per 
hour within a few seconds. The ship, lightly 
loaded as it is, leaps into the air, climbs 
steeply for a few seconds, then gradually 

September, 1939 

levels off as the angle of the tow rope in- 
creases. 200 feet up, and still well back of 
the cliff, the rope is released and the pilot 
glides toward the expected lift. 

Evidently, there is 'something in the 
wind' for, as the pilot turns his craft 
parallel to the edge, he is not coming 
closer to the horizon. Just ahead of the 
deep canyon that would break his lift, he 
banks lightly and turns and turns back, 
now going toward La Jolla. In another 
minute or so he turns again. Now he has 
definitely gained some altitude. Another 
turn, this time a % circle over the breakers 
prepares him for landing. Then he slips in, 
tail wind. He alights beautifully on the 
smooth tow car track, runs right up the 
take-off runway, locks his landing wheel 
and comes to a sudden stop at the end of 
the tow rope, which meanwhile has been 
laid out for another take-off. 

"We'll only get 150 feet with two up, 
but the wind is increasing, and there might 
be some thermal action," says the pilot. 

"Ah, another club member from Con- 
solidated, O.K. take a seat behind me and 

Before you realize it, the ship is turned 
around and you can sit in the comfortable 
cushioned rear seat under the wing, with 
plenty of room and ample visibility thru 
plastic side windows. The beautiful work- 
manship on the heavily varnished ply- 
wood-covered fuselage inspires confidence 
but, you can no more relax than "fly in 
the air" as the old folks used to say. You 
think of that terrific angle of climb as you 
fasten your seat belt, wondering what 
happens to these things in a stall. Your 
pilot signals and up you go. All that you 
hear Is the air blast against fabric and the 
whistling thru the small openings around 
the cockpits. You feel yourself pushed up, 
not pulled, just as your pilot further as- 
sures you that the controls are in neutral. 
As you look out you marvel at the rapidly 
unfolding panorama, the rugged canyons, 
the sharp edge of the more than 300-foot 
vertical cliff, and suddenly a broad, smooth 
beach directly underneath. The pilot has 
released, you glide over the beach, turn 
parallel to the cliffs, as you wonder about 
that updraft. It is there, alright, for your 
variometer shows a very slight climb. Then 
you glance at the field where the runways 
are now sharply outlined, the highway 
lined with trees, the rolling hills that reach 
up the side of conical Black Mountain, 
and away back the blue Laguna Mountains 
and Palomar, over which rise the towering 
Cumulus clouds. Suddenly you feel your- 
self pushed up. "Here is where we turn. 
Watch the variometer," says the pilot. You 
watch the bank indicator as well and notice 

the turn is perfect, the ball stays in the 
middle. "There is usually a convection at 
this point. Did you notice how we climbed 
on the turn?" Now you are facing south. 
The nose of the craft points about 10 
degrees more to the west than the flight 
path which closely follows the contour 
of the mesa. Looking at the glider port 
from this angle, makes one really appre- 
ciate its excellent location. The chffs are 
not only higher here, they are almost verti- 
cal and the two flanking canyons diverge 
from the field to double the length of 
this natural deflector. 

Look! There is the other ship taking off, 
coming right up to you. She sure is a 
beauty with her cream wings, mahogany 
nacelle, and the tail mounted on a gleam- 
ing dural tube. Now you can look right 
down into the cockpit. The pilot looks 
up, grinning as he slides under you. This is 
getting interesting. "Yes," says your own 
pilot, "The wind is picking up too. We 
may have a lot of fun." The wind has 
increased, you can even see an occasional 
white cap, but the air is smooth as you 
cruise back and forth. 

Was smooth, you mean. Just as you 
cross that big canyon, you hit a bump . . . 
no, not a bump, a giant wave. "Yippe! 
We've hooked a thermal!" says your pilot, 
and banks sharply. You look out where 
the canyon, then the mesa, the beach and 
the ocean spin past your wing tip which 
seems moving backward in the tight spiral. 
Gradually you feel pressed into the seat as 
your pilot calls your attention to the vario- 
meter which shows 6 feet per second. "Just 
a weak one," says your pilot, "They never 
amount to much on the coast." You care- 
fully keep your eyes off the spinning land- 
scape and look at the climbing altimeter 
wondering what a 20 feet per sec. desert 
thermal feels like. Suddenly the ships falls 
down from under you. You seem to have 
lost all weight for a moment. 

"Too bad, we lost the thermal. No, we 
didn't drop, we just stopped climbing." 

Well, we are too far inland, anyway. 
You heartily agree, wondering how these 
supermen can spiral around in thermal 
after thermal for hours on end, to land 
hundreds of miles from their starting point, 
without ill-effects. It is no worse than 
spending all day in a small fishing boat, 
rolling and pitching with the power off. 

"No, I suppose not." 

Looking down you find yourself almost 
over the highway. Over at the field are 
several more cars, probably some of the 
other members who have come out to fly. 
The single seater is darting around almost 
at the level of the field, sometimes diving 
thru a canyon, then he slows up and climbs 

almost like an elevator . . . the wind must 
have freshened. 

There is no lift back here. You gradually 
lose the 600 feet you just gained as your 
pilot skillfully maneuvers toward the end 
of the 1,500 foot landing runway. A long 
slip, exaggerated, because you are headed 
into the wind — then some rough air over 
the little lake, but you don't mind a trifle 
like that, now that you are a veteran 
thermal soarer. You are just a few feet off 
the ground, gliding down the side of a 
little valley. You slide up the other side 
and gently touch. The noisy rumble of the 
landing is literally quite a comedown after 
the silent, effortless cavorting around the 
sky of a few minutes ago. And when you 
help push the 400 pound sailplane back 
for another take-off, you fully realize the 
tremendous power available right out of 
the free air to anyone who will take the 
trouble to learn how. 

The "Associated Glider Clubs" is grow- 
ing so rapidly that a second club ship is 
now under consideration. We are happy to 
welcome the following Coiisolidafors as 
new members of the Association: Mc- 
Creight, Palsulich, Wallace, Craig and 
Kennedy of Engnieering, and also Scott 
Royce (the latter past president and for 
three years instructor of the glider club 
at the Univ. of Mich.) Wilber and Ray 
Parker of Wood Shop, Ed True, Tool De- 
partment (formerly with Bolus Sail- 
planes). Paul Madsen, Matt Wielopolski 
and Jim Conniry of Machine Shop, Tom 
Eccles of Hull Department and last but 
not least Russ Kern, Consolidated I. Q. 
and Philosophy. (Watch his columns soar 
to new heights!!) 

E. L. Minch of Tool Design and Miss 
Jean Pausek, it was learned, will be married 
on September 2d. They will honeymoon to 
Boulder Dam and possibly include the 
Grand Canyon in their trip. 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Harold Stone 
of the Hull Dept., little Miss Ireta Laurene 
Stone. Miss Stone weighed in at just 8 
pounds and 5 oz. The date of arrival was 
July 24th. Congratulations are in order. 

IF she keeps you "up in the air" 
send her flowers From 





OUR twin engined Model 3 1 flying 
boat has just about everything in the 
way of the latest aerodynamic advances 
and mechanical equipment. It has, for in- 
stance, the first two radial engines of 
2,000 horsepower to be installed in any 
airplane, which give the plane eflScient per- 
formance at high operating levels. Ad- 
vantages associated with such flying are 
smoother air, no risk of striking moun- 
tains, flight above the highest clouds per- 
mitting uninterrupted celestial navigation 
and ice hazard elimination. One marked 
advantage of high altitude operation is, 
of course, speed. 

Using 5,000 foot performance as a basis 
of comparison, the speed of an airplane 
will increase (without change in power) 
some 10' ( at 15,000 feet, 20% at 25,000 
feet and nearly 30% at 3 5,000 feet. The 
endurance of the model 3 1 with its large 
fuel capacity combined with its high rate- 
of-climb which may be maintained to 
considerable heights, makes not only pos- 
sible, but practical, flying for many hours 
at high altitudes where higher speeds and 
increased eiEciency are realized. 

One might well ask what effect flying 
for long periods at such heights has on the 
human beings aboard the aircraft. The pas- 
sengers and crew would have a bad time 
of it, were it not for the recently developed, 
highly efficient oxygen and helium-oxygen 

inhalation apparatus with which the Model 
3 1 is equipped. 

All available data from medical, mili- 
tary and commercial sources indicate that 
the need for Oxygen becomes apparent 
above ahitudes of 10,000 or 11,000 feet. 
As the Oxygen content of the air is about 
21%, reducing the pressure (as at alti- 
tude) reduces the amount of air for a 
given volume and Ukewise the amount of 
Oxygen that a person takes in with a nor- 
mal rate of breathing. At 12,000 feet, for 
example, the pressure is reduced so that 
a person breathes only 64% as much air 
as at sealevel, and of course only 64% 
as much Oxygen with it. Expressed in an- 
other way, a person at 12,000 feet would 
still take in air with a 21% Oxygen con- 
tent, but due to the less dense air breathed, 
the quantity of Oxygen breathed, when 
compared with the sealevel 2 1 % would 
only be 13%. 

The effects of a deficiency in Oxygen 
are insidious and are seldom reahzed by 
the individual in the earlier stages. Short- 
ness of breath, dizziness and dull head- 
ache are warnings which should not go un- 
heeded. Those who are physically and men- 
tally tired or still subject to the effects of 
recent use of alcohol, are particularly af- 
fected by Oxygen deficiency. Even mod- 
erate altitudes may be harmful, and it is 
reported that repeated daily exposure at 

altitudes of 12,000 feet for four hour 
periods, resulted in mental and physical 
fatigue which persisted and was further 
manifested by difficulty in mental concen- 
tration, by sleepiness and lassitude, lack 
of initiative and increase in nervous in- 

Fortunately, the ill-effects of Oxygen 
want (Anoxemia) at altitude, can be 
avoided as long as the inspired air is suf- 
ficiently rich in Oxygen. The basic cri- 
terion in regard to the use of Oxygen is 
not the point at which a pilot can operate 
without it, but rather the point at which 
he begins to benefit from its use. Accord- 
ingly, one of the major airlines in this 
country has taken a firm stand that Oxy- 
gen must be used by the crew at any 
altitudes above 10,000 feet, and the U. S. 
Navy "strongly advises the use of Oxygen 
at all times while participating in flights 
above 15,000 feet and that Oxygen be 
used when remaining at an altitude above 
12,000 feet for periods of two hours or 
longer duration, and when participating 
in flights below 12,000 feet but at or in 
excess of 10,000 feet for periods of six 
hours or longer." 

Regardless of altitudes, inhaled atmos- 
pheric air is composed of approximately 
79^ f Ni'trogen, 21% Oxygen and .04% 
Carbon Dioxide plus the balance in small 
quantities of other gases. 

Left: Chief Test Pilot "Bill" Wheatley at the controls of the Model 31 shows how the 
and rests his right hand on the regulating valve. Center, the four cylinders that supply th 
pressure. The hand on top of the tank at the left indicates their size. Right, the valve mani 

new masks are worn, indicates the flowmeters with his left hand 
e masks, contain Oxygen and Oxygen-Helium mixture under high 
fold, pressure guage and first stage pressure regulator. 

September, 1939 

Normal exhaled air still contains 79' t 
Nitrogen, but the Oxygen is reduced to 
about 16^0 and the Carbon Dioxide is 
increased to about 4.9 '^c- It is the Carbon 
Dioxide in the lungs that stimulates 
breathing; when a person exerts himself the 
amount of Carbon Dioxide increases and 
this increases his rate of breathing. It is 
desirable to "rebreath" a portion of this gas 
as well as most of the exhaled Oxygen 
which is unused and represents approxi- 
mately ^4 of the amount inhaled. It is 
by making use of this "rebreathing" prin- 
ciple that the Inhalation Apparatus used 
on the experimental Model 3 1 is able to 
add Oxygen to the inspired air efficiently. 

The older form of Oxygen breathing ap- 
paratus, which is fairly well known, con- 
sisted of a cylinder of Oxygen, a regu- 
lator, and a rubber tube. The tube was 
placed in the mouth and the Oxygen 
turned on at the desired rate. Breathing 
was then accomplished thru the mouth. 
This system, simple though it is, is not a 
very efficient means of taking Oxygen, 
since the Oxygen continues to flow and 
is lost when exhaling. 

The new apparatus which is far more 
efficient, employs a mask especially de- 
signed for the use of Oxygen. It is a sur- 
prisingly simple and efficient device of 
light weight, and is called a "B-L-B" 
mask. It derives its name from the initials 
of the three doctors who were responsible 
for its design and development: Dr. Walter 
Boothby and Dr. W. Randolph Lovelace II, 
of the famed Mayo CUnic, and Dr. A. H. 
Bulbulian. A nose-piece of soft rubber 
completely seals around the nose when a 
single strap back of the head is adjusted 
properly. Being quite soft, it is not neces- 
sary to hold the nose-piece tight against 
the face, but only with light pressure in 
order to obtain a complete seal. Breathing 
is accomplished in the normal manner, and 
very little more than normal breathing 
effort is required to operate the device. In 
fact it has been used with success by 
patients in the hospital whose condition 
required their receiving additional Oxygen. 
The speech of a wearer is not affected, 
since the device in no way obstructs the 
oral passages. 

On the model 3 1 the equipment consists 
of three cylinders containing gaseous 
Oxygen and one cylinder of a mixture of 
80':f Helium and 20% Oxygen, all un- 
der high pressure. High pressure tubing is 
used to connect these cylinders to a mani- 
fold fitted with four valves which control 
the selection of the cylinder desired. On 
the end of this manifold is a pressure gage 
and a first-stage regulator, from which 
tubing conducts the gas under reduced 
pressure to the final-stage regulator lo- 

"Run, little chillun 
of engineering trying ou 
flights of the Northwes 

n!! . - ." no, wait a minute, that's only Pete Carleson and Jack Stuck 
new oxygen masks. Jack Stuck, incidentally, was aboard on several of the 
Airline's airplane used by the doctors in testing of this new type gear. 

cated where it can be readily adjusted by 
either of the pilots or the flight engineer. 
From this regulator the gas passes thru a 
flowmeter to the pilot's B-L-B nasal mask. 
There are seven other outlets to which 
the crew members may attach their masks 
and receive gas under the same pressure as 
does the pilot. Oxygen enters through a 
tube terminating in the lower end of the 
reservoir rebreathing bag. From this bag 
it passes through the connecting and regu- 
lating device into the nose chamber and 
is inhaled by the wearer. The exhaled gases 
pass downward into the rebreathing bag. 
When the bag becomes distended with the 
mixture of expired air and incoming gas, 
the slight pressure then produced permits 
the excess to escape through the expiratory 
valve. The expired air thus escaping will 
be from the latter part of the expiration, 
and will contain the most Carbon Dioxide 
and the least Oxygen. Thus the most un- 
desired part of the expired air passes out 
into the atmosphere, and that part of the 
expired air which passes into the bag con- 
tains the most Oxygen and is available 
for rebreathing. On the next inhalation, 
the mixed Oxygen and expired gases com- 
bine with atmospheric air entering thru 
portholes and this mixture rich in Oxygen 
is drawn into the nose chamber and in- 
haled by the wearer. 

The Oxygen is normally turned on soon 
after passing the 10,000 foot level, the 
final stage regulator is re-adjusted as nec- 
essary so that ample Oxygen for the alti- 
tude at which the plane is flying is being 

delivered as testified to by the flowmeter 
reading, and everyone breathes thru his 
nose while wearing his B-L-B mask. 

On descending, the Oxygen is left on 
until below 16,000 feet when the Oxygen 
is shut off. The mixture of 80% Helium 
and 20% Oxygen is then turned on, and 
this breathed thru the same mask until the 
plane has completed its descent. While the 
eustacian tubes, or passages within the 
head, usually stay open sufficiently to 
equalize inner and outer ear pressures on 
a climb, these tubes frequently plug up on 
descent preventing the pressures from 
equalizing, causing discomfort and some- 
times severe pain and damage to the ears. 
The highly diff usable Helium (l/7th the 
weight of Nitrogen) spreads swiftly thru 
the passages from the nose to the ears and 
keeps the pressure reasonably even, and 
eliminates this problem of high altitudes 

The breathing apparatus described above 
is but one of the many highly efficient re- 
cent developments which will be found on 
the Model 31. Without this equipment, 
the long range, high speed, and ability to 
continue above weather that would perhaps 
stop the flight if the plane had to operate 
at lower levels, would be adversely af- 
fected. Three cheers, therefore, to Doctors 
Boothby, Lovelace and Bulbulian for their 

Asked the meaning of "Dressed Lum- 
ber" a western Kansas editor replied, 
"Charlie McCarthy." — Curtiss Fly Leaf. 




By J. E. Hodgson 

''I^HE wood shop acquired an asset in 
_L the world of sports, in the person of 
John ^"oodhead, Sr., swimmer, who, at 
Long Beach, August 6th, won the 1 mile 
rough water swim. On Sunday, August 
20th he competed in the veteran's 
I'j mile rough water event at La Jolla. 
Mr. Woodhead, 5 8-year-old father of 
Johnny Woodhead of the Tank Dept. 
deplores the fact that he cannot find any- 
one in the plant to give him a try-out. He 
went into the Long Beach event without 
any previous training. 

Thanks to the influence of the younger 
men, the Wood Shop ball team finally got 
going. They lost all games in the first 
round, but won from Production and Hull 
in the first two games of the second round. 
They tell me that "Tip" Weber would 
be a swell first baseman if he had a net 
instead of a glove. The boys were startled 
on the arrival of Wilber Owen on the lot 
in a pair of shiny red pants. They were 
very much gratified to find in him a 
catcher "par excellence." It looks like the 
team is really going to town, this half. 

To the many visitors to the "Old Globe" 
theatre in Balboa Park, it may surprise you 
to know that a wood shop man, "Rosie" 
Rosenthal, is technical director. He is 

Here It Is / . . . 

The watch Men of 
Aviation have been 
waiting for 


On time, all the time, all over the world 
. . the infallible time-keeper! Perregaux 
Chronograph times any event to 1-5 of 
a second unerringly. A marvel of accuracy! 

17 Jewels, 14-K Gold, $125 up 
1 7 Jewels, Steel, $50 up 

Fifth Avenue Wat Broadway 

thinking of going into business, as, in one 
evening alone, after the play the janitors 
swept up a bushel of peanuts. Even pop 
bottles occasionally find their way onto 
the stage. 

Who is the Scottish lead man in the 
Wood Shop who was being so polite to a 
lady on Adams Ave. that he walked into 
a telephone pole, doing considerable dam- 
age (to the pole?) If you know, don't 
tell anybody. If you want to know, ask 
Mrs. Bill Stutzke. 

Poor Bill Hardacre! He is like a man 
driven from home (or sumpin') since Jean 
Bitzer left Wood Shop. We all know Jean 
was Bob's mentor and guide on world 
affairs and politics, in fact, quite heated 
discussions and debates often occurred be- 
tween them, regarding home and European 
affairs of state. Alas! the conference cham- 
ber (lavatory to you) seems desolate with- 
out you, Jean. 
P. S. 

"Wood Chips" Ernie Hodgson tells us 
San Diego was unknowingly honored on 
August 12 and 13 by the visit (incognito) 
of Will Hayes, commentator on the Amos 
and Andy radio program. Mr. Hayes, who 
is an enthusiastic lawn bowler, played both 
days on the San Diego L.B.C greens, com- 
ing from Del Mar, where he was visiting, 
especially to play. Ernie adds that he is 
a swell fellow to meet, and a good sport 
to play with. 

Harold Strawn of Lofting has mastered 
the art of flying, having recently received 
his private pilot's license. Now he's taken 
to making little Gas powered model flying 
craft. His entry in the San Diego Aero- 
neers' monthly meet on July 30th came 
away with second prize. First prize was 
won by E. J. Brown, formerly of the Wing 
Department. Strawn says there is con- 
siderable interest in starting a Consair 
Model Club . . . suggests that interested 
parties contact himself or Bill Gilchrist. 


1. Wright Field. 

2. $102,798,000. 

3. 17,264 feet. 

4. Col. Frederic E. Humphreys and 
Col. Frank P. Lahm, according to 
Wright Bros. Records. 

5. Curtiss-Wright Corp. 

6. Slip. 

7. Roach. 

8. Ceiling. 

9. 2,326. 

10. Consolidated. 

The popularity of the small airplane 
seems to be increasing by leaps and bounds. 


By "Brad" Bradshaw 

TJ ERE'S that man again who is lately 
-'- -'-being referred to as "Social Enemy 
No. One." Just limped by Freddie Rosso, 
"Little Napoleon" of raw material stores 
and he says to me, "If it's in the Consoli- 
dator, I'll break your other leg." Just be- 
cause his wife has been East on a vacation 
he expected some publicity. Besides he, be- 
ing a pal of mine I never told about the 
difficulties that he, Tom Jones, Bob La- 
mont, and George Wire encountered re- 
cently when attempting to provide oats 
for some undernourished "'bangtails" at 
Santa Anita thru a local "bookie" as I 
just classed it as a noble humanitarian 
deed. Why do people keep saying "Remem- 
ber what happened to Winchell?" or hum- 
ming "Get out of Town Before It's Too 

Eavesdropping around during the month 
we learned that Jim Eisman returned a 
week late from his vacation because he 
refused to drive thru the green lights. 
Mike Keenan, another Navy Inspector 
returned from his vacation with enough 
bandage around his "dome" to cover a 
trailing edge. Mike said a barrel fell on 
him but didn't say if it was the one used 
"when they play the Polka." George Wire 
lost his pay check a few weeks back and 
four horses starved to death at Caliente. 
Chief Mulroy with a part in each hand 
and rush tags in every pocket is hitting 
that "Production Stride" again. The worst 
swindler of the month was the barber who 
made Jim Wilkinson pay for a hair cut. 
George Young, who admits training some 
of the country's leading aircraft "big 
shots" warns Ted Anderson to bring more 
parts if he expects to be a Vice President 
in the future. Larry Boeing took the top 
spot from Craig Clark as Number One 
"Ferdinand" when his "gorgeous begonias" 
won a red ribbon at the La Mesa "Festival 
De Las Flores." Howard Bell left on his 
vacation pushing a trailer either because 
he could not perfect a hitch or his wife 
won't trust him. Someone did a nasty trick 
to Mason, Sheet Rockwell expert, when 
they drilled holes right through all the 
Rockwell marks of those 500 clips. Harvey 
Muck claims that unless he has a template 
in each hand and a form block in his 
pocket he is not properly balanced. The 
Hull Department ball team displayed some 
real sportsmanship by letting the Wing 
team play off a forfeited game. Johnny 
Penfield doesn't worry about a workman's 
mental processes as long as he has "arms 
and legs." Milt Tayler is tryang to per- 
suade Purchasing into buying "fuzzless" 
towels for the wash room. "Kinsfish 

September, 1939 


Army" Armstrong has the bandage off 
his famous "right" again, but is not so 
sure about his future in Softball. "It's a 
lot of fun" says Army "but mighty tough 
on de mitts." 

Another new suit of clothes with a fa- 
miliar face protruding from the "super- 
structure" is back to challenge the title 
of "Fancy Pants" which has been bestowed 
upon our very elegible bachelor friend, 
Bill Liddle, by "Mack" McGinnis, all 
around inspector of no mean ability. We 
refer to Danny Clemson, who is doing a 
good job of dispatching for the Hotchkiss 
clan. To prove our point, we quote him, 
"Say, I gave away better clothes to the 
Hollywood playboys, than Liddle owns." 
Of course, when Bill dazzles him with 
those "robin egg blues," it may put Dan 
to scouring the haberdasheries. 

Ed Stewart, Chief Storekeeper, who 
does a fine job of keeping the finished parts 
stockroom one of the most efficient de- 
partments in the shop, although he is oc- 
casionally referred to as the "worrywart," 
is off to New York to see the fair. We 
asked him all about his plans and received 
nme shakes of his head and nine "Yeps." 
Anyway, Ed's going alone so his plans are 
none of our business, as I just glanced 
through the "men only" magazine and saw 
some pictures of the beauties at the Aqua- 
cade, Oh Boy! But Ed don't telegram 
about any parts as Walt Hassler is off to 
Catalina for a week of the same (except 
his wife is along) and we have to keep 
him posted about what's going on in the 
Hull or his vacation would be ruined. I 
know it's "hooey" but Walt's the senior 
dispatcher, so what's "junior" to do? 

While some sedate society scalawags 
sensitive to sandy sandwiches, soda pop, 
and seaweed shamefully sneaked some- 
where to safely sit and sip secluded in a 
sanitary saloon, ("Aw, sassafras,") others 
of Comolidated's charmed circle were en- 
joying the year's most sensational "sand 
social" (beach party to you dry landers) 
at La Jolla a few nights back. 

Ted Anderson graciously served as re- 
ception committee and (bowing in all 
directions) introduced each guest and for 
once Ted did more talking than Kay, the 
wife. The sensation he offered each guest 
proved to be a cigarette. Dan Miller put 
forth his best efforts as "master of cere- 
monies" until Lloyd Bender tackled him 
as he entered the "stretch" with his fav- 
orite racing story. The party felt they 
were "gyped" with the charcoal purchase 
when the combined expulsion of wind 
from Generas, Mussen, Kellogg and Sieck 
failed to ignite it as that is no mere breeze. 
When Dan Clemson and Bill Wiley put 
in an appearance, the fellows all moved 

closer to their female partners, either be- 
cause the fire was low or to keep Dan and 
Bill honest. I admired the way Johnny 
Buchan and Jess Brown held hands with 
their wives after all those years of married 
life, but this turned out to be a "mirage." 
They were holding the wives' hands to keep 
from having sand thrown in their eyes 
when admiring a pretty feminine figure. 
It was a lot of fun but when you spill 
a can of beer in the sand, there's no chance 
to lap it up. 

"There'll Be Some Changes Made" was 
only a song until Perry Ogden decided to 
do something about it and consequently 
has lately made more shifts in Planning 
Personnel than the "bull gang" has with the 
lofted tables. Jess "Mr. Broon" Brown is 
now "superintendent" of documents, pro- 
cess cards and stuff or the fellow you hop 
on when anything is filed wrong. Joe Ma- 
loney, who did a swell job of what Jess 
is going to do is now "leadman" of the 
blueprints where he can sit for five min- 
utes at a time without getting up. Genial 
Bert Gimber is "right arm" to Roy 
Coykendall, who can now rest his for the 
Softball games. Best however, is worrying 
Gracie Koenig no little with that burning 
cigarette behind his ear. It's no use, Gracie, 
it will never catch his "wool" on fire as 
he's a "yogi" or something. Kirby Higdon 
has a mighty big desk for a little man 
and is doing something important. Maybe 
guarding the boundary line from another 
Tool Design "snatch." Walter Hassler 
who always insists on "nothing but the 
Best" for Hotchkiss and the Hull, got it 
o.k. in Shelby. Best, another dispatcher. 
Craig Clark, got two new dispatchers for 
the Wing, that should keep Herb Ezard 
happy for a spell. They were; Gordon 
Browne former clerk and Tod Carter who 
was one of the powers behind the "S.T.S. 
(Stewart Transportation Service). On his 
birthday, Ted Anderson received a gor- 
geous pair of red and tan shorts and a 
green dispatcher, Ed Freakley. Ted says 
the shorts are sensational but Freakley will 
have to prove himself. Bill Fleet delivered 
his final experimental ship and has now 
gone to "Accounting" to see what he can 
do for the betterment of that department. 
Luppke has replaced Bill and McManus in 
turn has taken over Luppke's former 
duties. "Mac" on his "hiboy" in the Tank 
is using the "wigwag" code to Communi- 
cate with Ben Kiegle in Welding to save 
unnecessary steps. That army training 
sure comes in handy. Remember Perry, to 
hire dispatchers who are tall enough for 
the "hiboys," as Eddie Generas gets 
splinters in his chin each time he makes 
out a report. 

Frank O'Connor, self styled strategist 

of the rampant Purchasing nine, who 
claims the brain is mightier than the bat, 
even if Al Nelson is doing the swinging, 
is dissatisfied, over the season's play be- 
cause he can't find a legitimate protest 
except against his own team. There's no 
percentage to that and "Red" Basile, 
crafty skipper of Finals "Gas house gang" 
is vocalizing Frank right out of the top 
spot of "Chief protestor." 

Just because Bill Wiley has returned to 
the plant and is assisting Eddie Generas, 
hustling Final dispatcher, is no reason the 
latter's worries are lessened. Says Ed, 
"When I learned we had a big Army con- 
tract, I walked out to tell the gang and 
met those three 'dispatcher nightmares,' 
Jim Mussen, Jim Burney and Dick Maving 
and was greeted with 'Well, where 's the 
parts?' "Besides," continued Ed, "it will be 
some time before Wiley works enough 
of that 'Dr. Pepper' fat off him to be 
very useful and stops worrying about what 
Sarabelle is doing while he's at work." By 
that time, those other eleven hairs may be 
gone from Eddie's pate. 

Van Doren, Chief of Tool Design has 
gone native and acquired himself a ranch 
and two horses. This "Rancho Van 
Dorio" is in the wide open spaces of Chula 
Vista and according to Van is the real 
stuff. Anyway, his spurs will serve well for 
keeping his feet on the desk. If Van had 
the oats Al Ambrose has bought for the 
"nags" during the year, his feed bill worries 
would be over. 

Les "Lottie" Matusek may have stopped 
playing ball to keep that batting average 
from dropping below .043 percent, but 
seems to be hitting close to the top in the 
"I want a wife League." We are seeing 
quite a lot of that good-looking gal these 
days, Les, and if you aren't going to marry 
her, don't keep her chained to your auto- 
mobile. Now come clean. Is You? or Ain't 
You? Don't worry as you should be able 
to do housework as well as Rasmussen, 
even if he does have his parents' restaurant 
to practice in. 

The aircraft engine operates at a high 
percentage of its full power output as a 
normal condition, while the automobile 
engine operates on a low percentage. 

Phone Jackson 201 1 Chick Runyon 
" The Blind Man " 



University Window Shade Co. 

102.) University Avenue 




By Matt WielopohkJ 

BEGINNING with A to Z and Top to 
Bottom, here is the low-down trom 
our tennis ladder. Did you know that: 

... to date, there have been 99 matches 
scheduled, and only 14 defaults. 

. . . Lyoko is still the only tenniseer who 
has won every challenged match he has 

. . . the Brady-Speed match was played 
in exactly 2 hours, 22 minutes and 13 sec- 
onds. Incidentally, Speed won slowly by 
scores of 15-13 and 9-7. The longest com- 
petitive match on record. 

. . . Passenheim remains our record 
(racket) breaker . . . yes, siree: thus far he 
has broken and busted every (13) type 
of (tennis) racket in 13 months!!! 

. . . Brady has played more (11) matches 
than any other ladder lad, whereas Kellogg 
has yet a match to play on the ladder. 

. . . The McGown-Wielopolski match 
was the shortest in time, score and play, 
McGown winning by 6-0 and 6-1 in ex- 
actly 33 minutes from start to finish. 

. . . Witherall, our outstanding national 
ranking player was teamed up with Brown- 
stein, So. Cal. tennis champ in the La Jolla 
tourney. Although these boys lost in the 
Finals Doubles, they each received a beau- 
tiful trophy. 

. . . which reminds me, that now is as 
fine a time as any to remind you all of our 
forthcoming Doubles Contest to be played 
the last three week-ends of September. 
See the committee for details. 




Complete Building Service 

Phone National 453 

. . . interesting match: Ehlert-Hogue, 
9-7 and 7-5 .. . our champ wins Lyoko- 
Carter, 6-1, 3-6, 6-2 . . . keen competition 
Alianelli-Miller, 2-6, 6-4 and 6-3. 

. . . Hagman proves to be a fighter even 
when he's down . . . from 66th on the 
ladder July 16th, he jumped to 17th spot 
by August 7th. 

. . . watch out boys . . . here I come! 
From 9th rung to 19th rung in less than 
29 days. By and by I'll be down to 69th 
rung (gong). Whoever said that "last is 
best" might be right. Will let you know, 
later . . . Matt. 


All players interested in a Doubles 
Tournament to be played on Saturday 
afternoons, starting 9 September, please 
furnish your name to a Committee mem- 
ber before 1 September. 

Pairings will be made from the Tennis 
Ladder as it stands on 5 September in the 
following manner: No. 1 paired with 
No. 3, No. 2 with No. 4, No. 5 with 
No. 7, etc. 

The first eight players will be seeded 
according to the ladder. The opponents 
for the four top teams will be ascertained 
by drawing names from a hat, i.e., first 
team drawn plays top team; 2nd team 
plays next to top team, etc. 

After the above procedure has been 
settled, the remaining teams will be 
matched by a drawing. 

For the second and succeeding rounds 
of play, the teams surviving the first round 
will be set up on a draw sheet. 

Please do not sign up for this tourna- 
ment unless you are fairly positive you 
will be able to play at the time scheduled, 
as the lack of one player will spoil the 
match for three others. 

The Committee, 



By Al Leonard 

the heather covered hills of Scotland 
to be a pain in the neck of the Hull De- 
partment golfers, won his second Hull golf 
championship. Gordon Shoop, the genial 
loser, said Scotty would never have won 
the championship if his (Shoop's) beer had 
not given out. Shoop carries two golf bags; 
one he fills up with bottles of beer and in 
the other he carries such unimportant 
things as golf balls and clubs. Some people, 
who came too late to see the match start, 
picked up the trail by following the string 
of empty bottles. Bud Shimmin, another 
Hull golf bug, was seen trying to cut 
down a tree with his brassie. The tree 
won, and now Bud is in the market for a 
new brassie. 

Nick Teuvesky's Poison Gulch hideout 
claimed its first victim last week when 
Glenn Hotchkiss was laid low with a bad 
case of oak poisoning. Nick, who like Al 
Clark wants to get away from it all and 
be alone with nature, will certainly be 
alone from now on as everyone says they 
will not go bock to that poison-infested 

The Hull Department was well repre- 
sented at the Rod and Reel Fish Fry. Clar- 
ence Halsey and Ted "Polka" Pawliki stole 
the honors with their Polka dancing. Geo. 
Galley tried to bring the beer drinking 
championship to the Hulls, but was beaten 
by a quart when Harry Von Meeden of 
Larry Boeing's squirrel cage downed his 
beer in five gulps. The attendance would 
no doubt have been greater if Yap Yap 
Hapman hadn't told everyone the fish 
for the fish fry was a large shark that was 
caught the day before. 

Hank Lajoi, the Hull Department's 
rotund fish's friend and advisor, was heard 
complaining about some tropical fish that 
he had ordered from an eastern firm. Of 
400 Hank ordered, 64 died in transit. 
Hank wrote them and they sent 64 re- 
placements, half of which arrived in a 
dying condition. Hank was nearly heart 
broken. We suggest he invent a little iron 
lung for his sick little fishes. 

Willie Roemer, the Kactus King, built 
a stream-lined turkey house one week-end. 
He and his helper celebrated each board 
that was put into place with a bottle of 
beer. As there were 196 boards, the turkey 
house was finished a howling success. 

"Bathing alone will not preserve one's 
health," says a well-known physician. 
Nevertheless, we shall continue to bathe 


1. Home of R. L. Sattro of Final As- 
sembly, completed July 1st . . . five rooms 
and "the best view in the city!" 

2. Home bought by Mr. and Mrs. E. 
Coloman, and remodeled in 1937. W. 
Wright was the builder. 

3. The new house built for Mr. and 
Mrs. Fred Harger in Reynard Hills. They 
moved in July 1st. Harger liked and added 
this bit of verse: 

Before this house. O Lord, station an angel of light. 
Give us Thy protection through the lonely night. 
Bless those who in these rooms abide. 
And every friend who steps inside. 
Guard Thou our home and us. 

4. Home of O. K. Roeckel of the Weld- 
ing Dept. His home is situated in El Cer- 
rito Heights. 

5. Home of Geo. B. Clayton, Jr., En- 
gineering Dept. Finished June 19, 1939. 

6. Home of P. A. Carlson of Engineer- 

7. "Clark's Borough," bought July 1st 
by D. B. Clark. Located in Talmadge Park. 

8. Home of another engineer ... J. W. 
Larson, Point Loma. 

9. This is "Brown's Castle" . . . owned 
by C. E. Brown of Welding. It's located 
in Pacific Beach. 

10. Home of Mr. and Mrs. Hal. R. 
Linderfelt and Sons, of Engineering. 

11 and 12. Leo Bourdon, head of the 
Welding Department, has something a 
little different in his idea of a fullv com- 
fortable home. Leo built his house, but in 

the meantime the Chamber of Commerce 
completely sold him on the climate . . . 
so he made an addition. This is in the 
form of an outdoor living room. Leo de- 
signed the whole arrangement, had the 
combined fireplace and outdoor grill made, 
but built the walls, latticework and all 
his own furniture. Half of the outdoor 
living room is closed over with latticework. 
Leo, of course, did his own landscaping 
work to fit it in nicely. Needless to say, 
the arrangement has caused considerable 
comment by all who have see it. 

13. "El Rancho Del Viento" built Sun- 
day afternoons and for $80.00. Owned by 
Dick Zerbe of Engineering. Located on 
Torrey Pines Mesa ... as he says, "Just 
a stone's throw from Bing Crosby's and 
Doug. Fairbanks' places ... if you can 
throw far enough!) 

14. Another Welder . . . home of Mr. 
and Mrs. H. E. Robertson in Ocean Beach. 
Two bedrooms, was purchased April 14, 

15. Recently completed home of Ralph 
Follick of Engineering. 

It's located in Ocean Beach and moving 
in took place March 18th. Landscaping 
is yet to be done. 

16. Home of Jack Benkner, located in 
Ocean Beach. 

"The Model Of Model Homes" 

New, S-Room, Modern, Tile 

Venetian Blinds, Etc. 

on full-sized lot 

$3000, $300 cash, $23.52 Monthly 

41/2% Money. See Model at 
4141 El Cajon, and Be Convinced 







A. McGown, Gilchrist and Loyko with 
the players' better halves at the playoff of 
the tennis championship. 

B. On the left, Loyko of Final Assem- 
bly, winner of the singles tennis tourna- 
ment played last month, and McGown of 
Experimental, runner up. 

C. Mr. and Mrs. Michael Alianelli of 
Sheet Metal Department . . . May all your 
troubles be little ones. No. 1716. 

D. The picture shows Bob Hardacre's 
idea of how to go fishing. He has some- 




BroadLuay ai Tenth 

thing, says Ernie Hodgson, for he goes 
fishing and never hurts a fish. 

E. Mr. and Mrs. Kinney . . . they 
didn't know we secured this photo . . . 
just married. 

F. Seeing is believing when it comes 
to fish stories, and by the size of the above 
fish. We know it isn't any fish story when 
Dick Schwartz comes to work in the 
Machine Shop on a Monday morning and 
says he harpooned a broadbill over the 
week-end. The broadbill pictured, was 
harpooned by Dick, August 6, 1939, and 
tipped the scales at 5 50 pounds. 

Dick is no novice when it comes to 
spearing broadbills, as in the last 3 years 
he has caught over 50, and during that 
time he is proud of the fact that he has 
missed only two attempts at spearing. In 
other words he is the original "Dead Eye 
Dick." The harpoon used is made from 
brass with a barb on it and a 14-foot de- 
tachable handle is used. Broadbill must be 
speared just 6 to 8 inches behind the dorsal 
fin with sufficient strength to enable the 
barb to pass thru from the back to the 
stomach. 1.000 feet of rope is attached 
to the barb, and attached to two five- 
gallon barrels. The drag of the barrels on 
the line wears out the fi«h which finally 
comes to the surface and is landed. 

G. John Woodhead, Sr. . . . a champ 
swimmer at 58 ... see "Wood Chips" for 

Busman's Holiday Benefits 

ONE way of enjoying life which is 
often the subject of much joking, 
is to take a "Busman's Holiday," or to 
do in your spare time something similar to 
that by which you earn your bread and 
butter. If on top of finding it a relaxa- 
tion it is helping your business indirectly 
. . . then you have something. Hugh 
Nicholson, inspector of Final Assembly, 
is doing just that, has been doing it for 
some time, and is enjoymg it. 

Nicholson is an Army-trained flyer. He 
graduated from Kelly Field in Pursuit 
Flying. In 1929 he was on active duty 
as a 2nd Lieut, with the 96th Bombard- 
ment Squadron, when the activities of 
Consolidated became a bit too enticing. 
So he terminated his active duty and 
joined as a flying instructor with the Na- 
tional Flying Schools, which was a sub- 
siduary of Consolidated. When the flying 
schools ceased to be active, Nicholson 
worked with Bill Wheatley as a flight test 
pilot. The possibilities of light airplane 
manuf?cture became a subject in which he 
found considerable enthusiasm, so he 
started off on his own to form a manu- 
facturing company to turn out a small, 
lightly powered high wing monoplane. 
Just as things were getting under way, 
along came the depression, and as Nichol- 
son smilingly sums up the deceasing of his 
new and struggling company, "So I had 
to go back to work." As though designing, 
building and testing a new design were 
not work. 

He came back to Consolidated and be- 
came a member of the Inspection Depart- 
ment. Then once more he got into the 
habit of his "Busman's Holiday." He be- 
gan taking students up for flight instruc- 
tion. Because he finds in it a relaxation 
he otherwise misses, he has instructed many 
persons in the art of navigating the air 
about an airport in their first stages of 
flving. Many of these, most naturally have 
b?en Consolidators, or members of their 

Nicholson, it will be remembered, test- 
hopoed two of the "Flaggships" designed 
bv C. C. Flags and built by members of 
Consolidated. The first of these was the 
little, exceptionally speedy racing ship with 
the 90 h.D. engine made especially for the 
Cleveland races. The other was the more 
recent "Minx" which is the single seater 
with a 50 h.p. engine which mav fre- 
ouently be seen in the air. Both of these 
were written up in the Consolidator some 
time ago. 

Of late the number of Consolidators 
who are contributing to Nicholson's bus- 
man's holid-iy, and learning to fly thereby, 

September, 1939 



Frisco has its Sally Rand 

Whose dance with fans is something grand; 

Old N. Y. has Gypsy Rose Lee 

Whose shocking ways make blind men sec; 

But caution, lest it reach your parson — 

San Diego has Jack Larson! 

THESE balmy nights that San Diego 
boasts are certainly a boon to Jack 
Larson and his ilk in view of what hap- 
pened the other evening. We have no 
idea just how often these things occur, but 
here is the story: Jack's wife is away on 
an extended visit so that the care of the 
Larson dwelling is entirely in Jack's hands 
these days. On the night in question Jack 
had come home and performed all the 
chores in the best Utah fashion and he 
was taking a refreshing shower before re- 
tiring when he remembered that he had 
forgotten to turn off the lawn sprinkler. 
So out he dashed and the door clicked 
shut behind him, leaving our shivering 
hereo locked out of the house with nary 
as much as a bubble to hide behind. And 
at this point, gentle readers, our story 
ends. Did Jack get back in the house? 
Does he now carry an extra key around 
his neck? Did he have to do some fast ex- 
plaining to prowl car officers? The solution 
to this mystery will no doubt be furnished 
by Jack upon receipt of a self-addressed 
envelope and a dollar bill. 

In a superb Finnish finish, O-^car Weh- 
manen last month scattered the stogies in 
honor of the arrival of a young son. His 
wife said he could name the boy anything 
he chose, as long as it was "Oscar". And so 
sonny boy is Oscar Anton. Basil Isham also 
contributed to the vital statistics column 
during this period with a male order, who 
surpri-^ingly was named Richard Basil in- 

has increased considerably. These long 
summer days allow for a comfortable bit 
of flying in the evenings. Saturdays and 
Sundays too are utilized in this manner 
quite often. Nicholson does his flying out 
at the Speer Airport on Barnett Ave. 

The two questions which come to mind 
are: Just why does he do it, and Does he 
get paid for it? "Yes, I gain a little from 
the instruction," Nicholson answers, "But 
most important, it supplies me with access 
to several types of ships, and the pleasure 
of teaching others to handle airplanes, and 
I gain the relaxation I like after a day 
at the plant." Thus, by satisfying his needs 
for a bit of recreation by giving flying in- 
struction, his "Busman's Holiday" pays 
for itself and in training pilots who perhaps 
will someday be flying the airplanes he 
works on during the day. 


stead of Nikki or Ivan. So exhausted from 
congratulatory handshakes Basil was ex- 
tending his left hand by afternoon. Park 
Stacy stole away for a few days recently 
and when he returned he was registered in 
our Knots and Tots department, with a 
wife to obey. The power plant group are 
calling this year the "Mocrschel Centen- 
nial" because of Bud's approaching grand- 
daddyhood, and they have had their lead 
ducks painted baby blue in honor of the 

After witnessing Bernie Sheahan deftly 
lead a stray mongrel out of the drafting 
room the other morning, we are forced to 
the conclusion that Engineers must be 
leading a dog's life these days when the 
watchmen apparently cannot distinguish 
between them and the real canine. We are 
more inclined to believe this since we heard 
about Gene Holston, who was vainly try- 
ing to descend in the elevator the other 
day. Repeatedly he punched the button 
but it did no good and the door would 
spring open again. It was apparently a 
clear case of frustration to Gene until one 
of the Weights boys came over and re- 
minded him to punch the "1" button in- 
stead of the "3". 

Being interested in houses under con- 
struction we stole away one Sunday to 
the imposing edifice now being erected 
at the expense of one Bill Schurr. But, lo 
and behold, when we arrived on the scene 
so many of the engineering department 
were present that we practically had to 
show our engineering badge to get into 
the place. The house situation has Bill 
pretty well in hand, for the other day in 
response to a request for a padlock, he 
brought around several beautiful little 
locks with the keys securely attached to 
rhem with metal chains. Very, very handy. 
He should show them to Larson. 

At last some of the remarks made in 
this column are beginning to bear fruit, 
or at least fish. On various occasions we 
have made disparaging remarks concern- 
ing the fishing ability of those two anglers. 
Hank Growald and Etienne Dormoy. 

Somewhat scorched by these aspersions, 
it was only natural that they should bring 
a sample of their first catch to the door- 
step of this columnist, and the other day 
we returned home from our Sunday sermon 
to be met by the solemn stare of a fresh 
barracuda. To prove their prowess beyond 
all doubt the two fishermen repeated the 
donation a week later. So we pull in our 
neck, but we are now trying to think of 
someone to accuse of being a punk deer 

While there is no question that a motor- 
ist should take an active interest in the 
building of good roads, it is not at all 
necessary that he dive through the wind- 
shield and smooth them down with the 
back of his neck. . . . Although in the 
long run there is nothing like a good auto- 
mobile accident to make you forget your 
other troubles. 

Passing thru a military hospital, a dis- 
tinguished surgeon noticed a private in 
one of the regiments who had been terribly 
injured. To the orderly the surgeon said, 
"That's a bad case. What are you going 
to do with him?" 

"He's going back, sir," replied the or- 

"Going back?" asked the surprised 

"Yeah," said the orderly. "He thinks 
he knows who done it." — Curtiss Fly Leaf. 


The son of a well-known aircraft 
worker, a lad of very refined taste, so 
detested bad language that every time he 
heard a naughty word it made the cold 
chills run down his spine. He was frozen 
to death last week when his father mashed 
a finger in the car door. 

Rentals • Insurance • Sales 

(Automobile Service) 



Savoy Theater BIdg., 234 C St. 


MAIN 1014. 



F. 2587 



Consolidated Aircraft League starts Friday, Oct. 6th, 8:30 P. M. 
Consolidated Engineers League starts Tues., Oct. 3rd, 6:30 P. M. 
Sun Tournament, Sept. 2—26. 




• By service we mean 
honest and efficient 
treatment willingly ren- 
dered to every customer 

Directly across from the 
plant — we offer special 
attention to Consoli- 

Free parking — complete 
automotive service. 

Flying Red Horse Service 



By H. K. Clay 

TEN keglers from Consolidated have 
been participating all Summer long 
in the 82 5 league which has been running 
at the Sunshine Alleys since last May. 
"Father" T. J. Coughlin, together with 
Irving Craig, Ed Hanzlik, Russell Wright 
and Al Ballard make up the quintet 
fighting for kegling honors under the J. 
Jessop & Sons banner. The Ben Townes 
Jewelers is comprised of Chauncey Morton, 
Ted Pawlicki, Joe Wilkinson, Ben Duffy 
and Harold Hauptman. The latter team is 
lower on the ladder of standing than the 
Jessop team but they had their revenge 
when the two teams met. They smothered 
the Jessop group by a clean-cut one- 
sided victory. This in itself offered plenty 
of consolation to the Townesmen. 

Major E. N. Gott, vice-president of 
Consair, has joined forces with the sports 
staff of the San Diego Sun in the staging 
of their 8th annual bowling festival at 
the Sunshine Alleys. The Major has prof- 
fered a handsome trophy which will be 
one of the major prizes of the tourney. 
It consists of a bowler in action sur- 
mounted upon a bronze base and stands 
about 16 inches high. It is hoped that 
the trophy will be won by a Consair en- 

Echoes of the big bowling party staged 
by Consair keglers at the close of the 
bowling season last May still are to be heard 
around the Sunshine Alleys. Everybody 
had a swell evening and some of the jokes 
of Major Fleet and Bill Gilchrist are being 
retold with gusto. According to J. B. 
Coker of the Sunshine Alleys it was the 
best bowling party ever staged in San 

Ed Hanzlik and Carl Heim are two Con- 
sair keglers who will make a bid for 
honors in the annual championships staged 
bv the San Diego Sun in September. Heim, 
It will be remembered was one of the 


tj«llfBlJfc^ BURIAL 


Ike ex.jaenie ii a. maiiet oh i^out ou/n Jteiite 


Fourth Ave. and Ath St. 


Phone, Main 6168 

stars of the Tribune's 1st Head Pin tourney 
and Ed Hanzlik is one of Consair's com- 
ing bowlers. Both men are expected to 
make the headlines soon. 

There is considerable talk about an 
inter-aircraft league to settle the oft dis- 
puted championship of the airmen. Ryan 
has long had an industrial league function- 
ing and now comes the news that Solar 
opened their newly formed industrial 
league the latter part of last month. Con- 
sair can put a strong team in the field 
and ought to have but little difficulty in 
taking the measure of their proposed 

The Sunshine Alleys has reserved Fri- 
days at 8:30 p.m. for the Consolidated 
league. The league is to be inaugurated 
October 6th with appropriate ceremonies. 
This will be the fourth consecutive sea- 
son for Consair keglers and many topplers 
boast that they have been participating 
since it started. A. H. Kimble, Irving 
Craig, Ben Duffy, and Carl Heim are 
among those competing in the original 


The Engineers Monthly Golf Tourna- 
ment was held at the Rancho Santa Fe 
Golf Course on Sunday, August 20, 1939, 
and was a grand success. 

Listed below is the list of the winners 
in the different flights: 

1st Flight 

1st Low Net — Moe 69 

2nd Low Net — Hemphill 72 

Low Gross — Meer 84 

Low Putts — Sheahan 27 

2nd Flight 

1st Low Net — Robbins 67 

2nd Low Net — Gandee 69 

3rd Low Net — MacDougal 69 

Low Gross — Jewell 96 

Loyko 96 

Low Putts — Haywood 30 

3rd Flight 

1st Low Net — Heim 68 

2nd Low Net — Rohn 76 

Low Gross — Rosenbaum 107 

Ranahan 107 

Low Putts — McCabe 32 

Edenfield 32 

4th Flight 

1st Low Net — B. Craig 71 

2nd Low Net — Hake 76 

Low Gross — Kimble 126 

Low Putts — Halsey 3 5 

The next Engineers Golf Tournament 
will be held at the Chula Vista Golf 
Course and the date will be announced 



are recognized leaders in the Aircraft Industry 


Mau Wq 

A tramp stopped at the kitchen of a 
farm house and asked for something to 

"If you'll go out in the woodshed," 
the farmer's wife told him, "and split up 
the logs you find there, I'll give you a 

In a surprisingly short time the tramp 
returned: but an inspection of the wood 
shed by the good wife showed all the logs 
carefully split except one knotty old 
stump. Well satisfied she spread a gen- 
erous meal before him, and as he ate, she 
said, "I do wish you'd tell me how you 
split those logs so quickly and so easily." 

"Why madam, I simply stood beside 
them and told them funny stories, and 
they split themselves." 

In the middle of the night, there was a 
great commotion in the woodshed, and on 
rushing to investigate, the amazing dis- 


















See lis Jor Alaterials — Building 

and Aloderniztition Information 

and Loans arranged 

- Jor- 



14tli and K Streets 

41 28 University ■ Ocean 

Main 7191 

: El Centre 

covery was made that the gnarled, knotty ^^m I 

old stump had split itself into a thousand ^^ (jLjf% 

It was a piece of English Walnut. 

• — Douglas Airview. 

What about 


FOUR out of five property 
ovv/ners select Capital Stock 
Company Fire Insurance in 

preference to otfier types. 

Wfidt about you? 

Are you giving YOUR fiome, 
furnishings, business, automo- 
bile and otfier possessions the 
sound protection of this de- 
pendable form of insurance? 

When you deal with this office 
you receive policies backed by 
financial surplus and capital 
stock as well as legal reserves. 
In addition, we, as your local 
agent and counselor d\z 
always readily available for^ 
advice and assistance to you. 

Franklin 5141 

316 S. D. Trust & Savings 


"Coast to Coast Protection and Service" 







We gladly make 
arrangements each 
week to offer you 
this friendly free 

Every automotive 
need can easily be 
taken care of in 
one of our 20 fully 
equipped depart- 
ments in either of 
our two stations. 

Our very easy bud- 
get terms made 
available to you on 
all tire, retread and 
battery sales with 
only your "white 
slip" as identifica- 
tion. No delay — 
immediate service. 

Our Home Appli- 
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offers you a wide 
selection of the 
newest and most 
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appliances — avail- 
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"tTi n n nr\ fTTiTPrrn nr 
JL) IJ3 U LyJ LiiJ U ULI ul , 


OCTOBER « 1939 



|NDER the old system of buy- 
ing a rddio, you traded in your 
old radio for practically nothing 
and the result was you still had only 
one radio. 

Under the new plan you buy a 
console or radio-phonograph and 
your old radio is reconditioned 
FREE. The result is you have TWO 
radios for the price of one. 

1940 ModaU 

You'll get a big thrill out of the 
new radios . . . automatic tuning, 
finger tip control, built-in aerials^ 
improved tone quality, and many 
models equipped for television 

And the marvelous radio-phono- 
graph combinations really "unlock 
the musical treasure house of the 
ages," providing the type of music 
you want when you want it. 

See your dealer at once and ar- 
range to hear these new 1940 in- 
struments. Ask him to reserve a 

FREE copy of the NEW RADIO 
LOG and highiisht booklet to 
be out about Oct. 1. 



UlQU La5t 

• • • • 







Ul. p. FUILER 



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main 0181 

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Fourth Ave. and Ash St 




ihe ex.penie ii a. mattet or i^out ou^n deilte 



Phone, Main 6168 


"Maybe You'd Hold Your Job and Pay Your Board 
[^^ ^^^-^ If You Got Some 

Garrett Tools" 

Perhaps the landlady is a bit harsh, 
but the old girl has a good idea. Good 
tools won't hold your job, but they 
surely help plenty. See Garrett for the 
right tools to do the job right. Only 
best nationally advertised brands are 


1126 Santa Fe Ave. 

MUtual 2286 

Los Angeles 


Volume 4 

October, 1939 

Number 10 


MR. E. G. STOUT of our Engineer- 
ing force ("Ernie" Stout, to most 
of the plant) played an important part in 
the recent meeting of the Institute of 
Aeronautical Sciences, held in Los Angeles, 
Friday, September 8 th. 

On that occasion. Stout was called upon 
to present a specially prepared technical 
paper entitled, "Some Notes on the Design 
of Big Boat Hulls." Dr. W. L. Rowland 
of the California Institute of Technology, 
who also presented a specially prepared 
work, shared the spotlight of the even- 
ing. Dr. Rowland's paper was entitled: 
"What Can We Expect of X-ray Inspec- 
tion?" Disclosing some remarkable results 
thru the X-ray inspection of castings and 
forgings. The work thru which the dis- 
coveries were made, was carried on jointly 
by Dr. Rowland and Mr. T. A. Triplett 
of Triplett and Barton. 

Engineer Stout's paper dealt with the re- 
cent experiments on which Stout has con- 
centrated with his co-workers in the at- 
tack upon the many problems involved. 
Specifically Stout's address pertained to 
notes on reducing drag, increasing the 
load for hulls and the determination of 
porpoising characteristics by use of dy- 
namic models. According to all reports on 
the work that Ernie presented, it was most 
favorably received. Attending the meet- 
ing with Stout were Engineers Joe Famme, 
E. Bereer. Burr Carrol and G. R. Gill of 

A contributing factor to the success of 
the presentation was the inclusion of mo- 
tion pictures to illustrate many of the 
pomts brought out. Ernie is very enthu- 
siastic in his praise of the part photographer 
Otto Menge played in not only taking 
these shots of the dynamic models in ac- 
tion, but in making the proper titles, and 
in working up to the last minute to have 
the movie ready for the occasion. 

The oldest institute of aeronautical 
sciences is Britain's Royal Aeronautical 
Society, founded January 12, 1866 . . . 
when balloons were the only means of get- 
ting people into the air. 


Amendment No. 2 5 has been received 
from the Civil Aeronautics Authority 
which amends Section 60.2410 of the 
Civil Air Regulations to read as follows: 
"60.2410 Amber Civil Airway No. 1 (Air- 
way Traffic Control Area Designation) 
From the intersection of the center line 
of the south leg of the San Diego radio 
range and the United States-Mexican 
border to a point 2 5 miles south of the 
Medford Oregon radio range station." 
This airway formerly extended from a 
point 25 miles north of San Diego to a 
point 2 5 miles south of Medford Oregon. 
This amendment becomes effective as of 
October 1, 1939. 

This amendment, according to local Civil 
Aeronautics Authority representatives, re- 
sults in the San Diego area, including 
Lindbergh Field, Naval Air Station, and 
seaplane landing and operating waters, 
coming substantially under the jurisdiction 
of the C. A. A. Airway Traffic Control. 
It is pointed out, however, that the 

C. A. A. jurisdiction as far as military 
operations are concerned applies only to 
actual flying over civil airways, and not 
to any other maneuvers. It is understood 
that C. A. A. has a leased telephone line 
from San Diego to the central traffic con- 
trol at Los Angeles, and that all planes 
flying th? control area must submit flight 
plans and get approval from this C. A. A. 
traffic control center. 

Our Representative Returns 

Another of our Service Representatives 
has made his appearance back at the plant. 
R. E. Kraus, who served in this capacity 
for some eighteen and a half months at 
Pearl Harbor, T. H.. with the PBYs there, 
returned briefly to the plant on July 21st, 
straightened up a few things and went on 
a month's vacation. Kraus. it will be re- 
called, joined forces with Consolidated in 
July of '34, and was the service representa- 
tive who accompanied the original PBY 
"X" job to Norfolk, Va. and Washington, 

D. C. Kraus' statement about Hawaii is 
that it is a beautiful place, yet he's still 
glad to be back. 


LAST month we had the honor of pre- 
> senting John Woodhead, Sr., of the 
Wood Shop, as a rough water swimmer of 
no mean ability, with apparently no han- 
dicap in his 58 years. Just after this in- 
formation went to press, it was disclosed 
by Ken Jackman that another rough water 
swimmer was employed here at Consoli- 
dated in the person of John Brahtz of the 
Test Engineering Group. In fact, with no 
previous training for the event, Brahtz 
came out 1st La Jolla man in the recent La 
JoUa rough water mile and a half event 
and won a trophy for his efforts. His time 
was 48 minutes. The event was won in 44 
minutes. Brahtz came to the Consolidated 
Engineering department from Stanford 
University with a B.S. degree in Structural 
Engineering and was a member of the 
Stanford swimming team. In the National 
City Olympic events he came off with a 
gold medal for his swimming, and in the 
San Diego and Imperial A.A.U. Champion- 
ships he took two firsts and one second 
place in swimming events. If the influence 
of the examples set by Mr. Woodhead, Sr. 
and by Mr. Brahtz has an effect upon the 
rest of the personnel, the prediction is 
that there will be a boom in the sale of 
water wings. 



It seems to me, folks, we could make 
our magazine just about the finest medium 
of contact between ourselves and the many 
and assorted local businesses whose monthly 
advertisements help support its publi- 

What with our employment building 
up, naturally we all want to see our Con- 
solidator grow too. So, how about every 
one of us becoming a committee of one to 
make a practice of always mentioning our 
magazine whenever making a purchase 
or visiting any of our advertisers' places 
of business. In this way you have no idea 
how much good we'll be doing ourselves. 

Remember, just say "We saw your adv 
in the Consolidator!" — 7119. 

All communicotions should be addressed to the CONSOLIDATOR, c/o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, Californio. 
Permission to reprint, in whole or in port, any of the subject motter herein, is gladly granted any established publication provided proper credit is given the 
CONSOLIDATOR. Material may not be used for advertising. Printed monthly in the U. S. A. by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, Colifornio. 



(Our enquiring reporter teas able to 
contact Commander Andrew Crinkley, 
who hai had much to do with the flying of 
the XPB2Y-I, and to gain from him some 
of the facts about the recent Alaskan 
flight of the plane, which were subse- 
quently corroborated by him and are pre- 
sented here for Consolidator readers. — Ed.) 

APPROXIMATELY one year ago, 
Commander Andrew Crinkley (then 
Lieut. Comdr.) and a crew of ten, hopped 
our XPB2Y-1 completely across the con- 
tinent on rather short notice, in a non-stop 
flight from San Diego Bay to Anacostia, 
Washington, D. C. The huge four-engined 
craft, unequipped for descent upon land, 
spanned the continent with ease. After a 
brief stay which included an inspection 

The New Fords, Mercurys 
and Lincoln Zephyrs will 
be on display about Oct.6 


1202 Broadway, San Dieso 
Bus. Phone F. 5121 Res. Phone J. 7871 

by President Roosevelt, the same crew 
took off and made the return trip, like- 
wise non-stop and across land with equal 
facility, even though the plane encountered 
strong headwinds over much of the long 

These flights demonstrated rather force- 
fully how our ship had blossomed into a 
full-fledged migratory bird capable of 
spreading her wings for virtually any por- 
tion of the globe. The point was expressed 
most aptly by Commander Crinkley after 
the return flight: "This flight was made in 
all respects in a routine operation manner, 
and no special consideration or prepara- 
tion was necessary in its accomplishment. 
Upon our arrival in San Diego once more 
the crew felt confident that the ship 
could have been refueled and departed 
for Honolulu or any other point imme- 

Bedecked with much of her experimental 
gear and paraphernalia, the plane was re- 
turned to the plant for modification and 
alteration for a new phase of her career; 
and considerable time was spent in fitting 
her for her new duties. The experimental 
eauipment was removed and comfortable 
accommodations and permanent fittings 
arranged within her hull, for she was 


and on 



Furniture Co. 

2368 Kettner at Kalmia 

Flagplanc XPB2Y-1 over Sitka Harbor, Alaska. 

destined to become the Flagplane of the 
Aircraft Scouting Force. 

On the morning of August 20th at 
6:00 a.m. the refitted XPB2Y-1, under 
the command of Commander Crinkley 
took off from San Diego Bay for Seattle. 
Those handling the big four-engined fly- 
ing boat were: Comdr. A. Crinkley, Lt. 
T. E. Gillespie, Ens. J. A. Ferguson, G. K. 
Herman, CRM, L. A. Flinn, ACMM, J. A. 
Peters, ACMM, R. L. Caron, RMlc, C. R. 
Roof, AMMlc and A. H. Geek, AMM2c. 
The flight to Seattle was made in foggy 
weather, flying over the top and against 
headwinds. The arrival after the non- 
stop flight, was made at 2:30 p.m. 

At the Sand Point Naval Air Station 
at Seattle, the plane was the center of 
considerable interest, and was inspected 
by the officers and their families. Beaching 
gear had been shipped ahead, so that it 
was possible to run the ship up out of the 
water at this point. Vice-President Well- 
wood Beal, and all of the engineers of the 
Boeing Aircraft Company inspected the 
ship throughout, and a single flight was 
made while at Seattle. 

On the 24th of August at 8:00 a.m. 
Admiral A. B. Cook, commanding the 
Aircraft Squadron of the Aircraft Scout- 
ing Force, by dispatch, hauled down his 
flag on the U.S.S. Memphis and hoisted 
it aboard the XPB2Y-1 Flagplane, thereby 
establishing a precedent in Naval History. 
Never before had such a flag been officially 
hoisted on a plane. The huge plane, by 
formal procedure, thus became the first 
Flagplane ever to fly for the United States 
Navy ... a signal honor. 

At 8:00 a.m. on August 26th, Admiral 
A. B. Cook, Congressman Scrugham of 
Nevada. Comdr. Ralph Davidson, Comdr. 
S. H. Warner, Lieut. Hugh H. Goodwin, 
Lisut. R. S. Purvis, Ensign T. M. Wold, 
US.N.R., plus the crew, embarked and 
departed for Sitka, Alaska. The weather 
was good and the visibility excellent, en- 
abling all to enjoy a wonderful view of 
Alaska. Arrival at Sitka was made at 
2:45 D.m. and the XPB2Y-1 became the 
first four-engined plane to be based at 
the Sitka, Alaska Air base. As there was 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Field 

"The Home of Aviation" 

October, 1939 

no beaching gear at the base, the plane was 
left at anchor in the bay during her stay 
and the crew lived aboard. 

On the 28 th of August an observation 
flight was made northward of Sitka over 
prominent glaciers of that area. The 
weather was phenomenally good, afford- 
ing a wonderful view for the entire ob- 
serving party. Comdr. Crinkley recounts 
that five large glaciers were passed over, 
and that they flew over Cross Bay and re- 
turned over Inland Passageway and flew 
over Juneau, capital of Alaska. Added to 
the regular crew aboard the XPB2Y-1 on 
this flight were: Captain S. A. Manahan, 
commanding officer of the U.S.S. Mem- 
phis; Comdr. R. E. Davidson; Comdr. 
Wm. A. Heard, executive officer of the 
Memphis; Comdr. E. D. Foster, (SC) ; 
Lieut. Comdr. B. L. Braun; Lieut Comdr. 
J. V. Carney and Lieut. Comdr. R. S. 
Silvas (Mc) U.S.N. 

After Admiral A. B. Cook departed 
from Seattle in the XPB2Y-1 Flagplane, 
the U.S.S. Memphis proceeded to Sitka, and 
after a 5 day stop in Sitka departed for 
Kodiak. After having flown on his Flag- 
plane, the XPB2Y-1 from Seattle to Sitka, 
Admiral Cook accompanied Patrol Squad- 
ron 42 (composed of PBYs) from Sitka 
to Kodiak, and from there to Dutch Har- 
bor, where he was again met by his surface 
ship, the U.S.S. Memphis. The Memphis 
then proceeded to Honolulu. Thru the 
use of his new Flagplane. and the PBYs 
of Patrol Squadron 42, Admiral Cook was 
enabled to carry out a very complete in- 
spection of several widely separated bases, 
while the surface ship was steaming be- 
tween them. 

On the 5th of September at 6:00 a.m. 
the Flagplane XPB2Y-1 embarked Con- 
gressman James G. Scrugham and party 
for San Francisco. This flight was thru 
rain and fog, above the fog and finally 
clear weather. Arrival was made in San 
Francisco at 3:20 p.m. 

After disembarking Congressman Scrug- 
ham and Ensign K. G. Davis, U.S.N. R., 
Commander Crinkley and his crew again 
took off at 4:00 p.m. headed for San Diego. 
The weather became bad and the run was 
made against headwinds, but the speed 
was about 204 miles per hour and the huge 
plane came to rest at 6:30 p.m. on San 
Diego Bay. Visibility was one mile and the 
landing was accomplished after dark. Over 
all, the Flagplane XPB2Y-1 under the 
guidance of Commander Andrew Crinkley 
and his crew, made the flight from Alaska 
to Mexico in an elapsed time of just 1 1 
hours and some few minutes, demonstrat- 
ing once again the potentialities that exist 
in the use of the Flagplane XPB2Y-L 


Bob Williams of the Machine Shop 
won't get over the kidding surrounding 
the events which took place near the time 
Mrs. Williams presented him with a son, 
Master Robert Lee Williams, Jr. It seems 
Bob got excited (so the story runs) and 
fell from a ladder, nearly breaking his 
neck. He was laid up for a week. Robert 
Lee, Jr. checked in on the morning of 
Sept. 10th, weighing 7 pounds, 9 ozs. . . . 
and was, as Bob states ... "21 inches long". 
The arrival took place at the Mercy Hos- 
pital . . . but maybe Bob should have 
stayed there: A heavy drill jig fell on 
his toe. Both Jr. and Mrs. Williams are 
doing nicely. Bob may, in time recover 
. . . if something else doesn't happen 
to him. 


The maintenance crib is displaying a 
glittering bit of plunder that R. Combe 
and his brutes pulled away from the judges 
in the Annual Tug-of-War. 

Al Fink's wife and daughter, Shirley, 
have been enjoying a vacation back in 
home town Buffalo for the past six weeks. 
Esther might have a hard time getting Al 
back, for I think he has become accustomed 
to his mother's cooking again. 

Mr. Giovanoli's spittoon was misplaced 
the other day. The thing that makes it on 
the funnyside, was that Mr. Joe did not 
realize his plight until he was exactly 
ready to use it. 

Mr. Combe has acquired the nickname 
of "Soupy", obviously because of his re- 
cent loss of teeth, and newly acquired diet. 
In spite of his loss, and consequent ques- 
tionable diction, he is able to plainly state, 
"Our passh sloftball sleason wasss very 

We are glad to welcome Mr. Borice and 
Mr. Christensen, Electrical and Mechanical 
Engineers to Plant Engineering Dept. 

Cecil Flower has a new car. "Ain't it 
grand what love and a small down pay- 
ment can do." 


"The hardest fall any man can have is 
over his own bluff." 

"He was a self-made man, a horrible 
example of unskilled labor." — Ed Wynn. 

If she keeps you "up in the air' 
send her flowers from 




By Speed 

During the recent hot spell. Bob La- 
monte wore his sweater as usual. After 
a couple of real hot days the bookies had 
the odds at 2 to 1 that he wouldn't re- 
move it. When that extra hot Wednesday 
came, and still no signs of weakening . . . 
odds shot up to 5 to 1. For some unac- 
countable reason he weakened on the 
cooler side. . . . 

We have finally found out how Bob 
keeps cool on these hot days, reports No. 
1222 because Bob has a refrigerator in 
his drawer which is run by dry ice. 

Maybe it's something else, Mary Evelyn 
Lamont, a pretty little J'/z pound tot, ar- 
rived on Saturday morning, August 26th, 
at 8:45. Mary Evelyn has found the first 
few weeks of her life quite enjoyable. 

"Robby" Robinson is a lucky fellow 
on the Sportfisher. He took the $7.50 
jackpot one week for a 22 pound White 
Sea Bass, missed it only by a half pound 
on another occasion. 



By Andy 

All the boys are hoping for a speedy 
recovery of your wife, Al. 

Brennan's wife wants to know how he 
gets the seat of his pants so dirty if he 
is working. . . . 

Jimmie Major had the rocks on his 
front lawn painted brown to match the 
grass, but since the recent rains he will 
have to paint them green. 

Have they taken your prints away, 
Sam, or haven't those new pants of yours 
back pockets? 


San Diego's 

DANCE .... 




DANCE =17 

Let's Go! 

Big Dance Contest 

Grand Prizes 

Your Employee's Card 
plus :5c will admit vou 




Modern Dancing 

Every Wed., Fri., 

Sat. and Sun. 

RATLIFF'S Ballroom 



WITH thousands of fliers needed to 
man the 5,500 fighting craft called 
for in the current Army expansion pro- 
gram, it was readily seen that training 
facilities at Randolph Field, famed "West 
Point of the Air," would be inadequate to 
meet the situation. 

As a result, San Diego today has a 
miniature "West Point of the Air" here 
on Lindbergh Field at the Ryan School of 
Aeronautics, base for an Air Corps Train- 
ing Detachment training 3 5 flying cadets 
every six weeks. 

Eight other commercial flying schools, 
in addition to Ryan have been selected 
on the basis of experience and facilities 
to relieve Randolph Field of the burden of 

Here It Is/.,. 

The watch Men of 
Aviation have been 
waiting for 


On time, all the time, all over the world 
. . the infallible time-keeper! Perregaux 
Chronograph times any event to 1-5 of 
a second unerringly. A marvel of accuracy! 

17 Jewels, 14-K Gold,$125 up 
17 Jewels, Steel, $50 up 

"Friendly" CREDIT Terms 

FifthAviiue ^at Broadway 

giving primary flight training to newly 
enrolled Air Corps Flying Cadets. 

During their course of training here, 
which is supervised by commissioned Air 
Corps officers, cadets receive 6 5 hours of 
flight instruction and 22 5 hours of tech- 
nical training. 

Newly assigned Army officers here are 
Capt. John C. Horton and Lieut. Lloyd 
P. Hopwood, both from Randolph Field. 
They are assisted by Major H. B. Porter, 
medical corps, and a group of technical 

All flight training is in charge of Paul 
Wilcox, Director of Flying at the Ryan 
School. Fie and twelve other Ryan in- 
structors have just completed a special 
training course in Army flight operations 
at Randolph Field. 

Technical training and maintenance of 
■nircraft comes under the direction of 
Walter K. Balch, Chief Technical In- 
structor of the Ryan School. 

Within the past few weeks, the Ryan 
Aeronautical Company has completed a 
fleet of Ryan YPT-16 low-wing training 
planes for the Air Corps, and these as- 
signed to the Training Detachment here. 
Later they will replace biplane trainers 
which have heretofore been used. 

The change from biplane to low-wing 
trainers marks a radical change in Air 
Corps policy, this being the first time in 
Army history that primary Army train- 
ing has been given in low-wing mono- 
planes — excellent recognition for the lo- 
cally built Ryan planes. 

To house the flying cadets, the Ryan 
School has just completed an eighteen- 
unit barracks, mess hall and recreation 


Learn While You Work 


Evening 14 October 

Day 2 October 

San Diego AeroMarine Radio and 

NavlMtinn ^Phnnl *>lmlnistratlor Building 
NdVigdllUn dUIIUUI Lindbergh Flelil.Sar Diego 

room overlooking the Consolidated factory 
at the corner of India and Sassafras streets, 
into which the fledging fliers moved last 

Under present plans, 3 5 cadets will ar- 
rive every six weeks during the new year 
or more for a training course lasting 
twelve weeks. Consequently there will 
generally be a group of from 5 5 to 70 
cadets stationed here at all times. 

There are thirty-two Army training 
planes daily operated from Lindbergh 
Field in instructional work for the cadets, 
supplementing the regular training work 
of Ryan's commercial school which oper- 
ates eight trainers. Most of the actual 
training is done over Kearny Mesa, with 
practice landings and take-offs being made 
at outlying auxiliary fields. 

Cadets who have successfully com- 
pleted the course here will be advanced to 
Randolph Field for basic flight training. 
From there they will be sent to nearby 
Kelly Field for specialized instruction in 
the es:,entials of formation, advanced in- 
strument, night and cross-country flying 
preparatory to graduation as second lieu- 
tenants in the Air Corps Reserve and as- 
signment to the various tactical Air Corps 
centers throughout continental United 
States, Hawaii and Panama. 

Recent appropriations have been author- 
ized by Congress to increase the personnel 
of the Air Corps and provide for the train- 
ing of many additional pilots. Consequent- 
ly there are many appointments as flying 
cadets still available, and those who qualify 
and are interested are requested to com- 
municate with the proper authorities im- 

Candidates for appointment as flying 
cadets must be unmarried citizens of the 
United States who at time of application 
have reached the age of twent}' and who 
have not reached their twenty-seventh 
birthday. An applicant must present a 
certified document from the office of the 
registrar of a recognized college or uni- 
versity showing that he has completed 
satisfactorily at least one-half of the nee- 


October, 1939 

Group of Ryan flighc instructors with Air Corps 
oi^cer. Left to right: Instructors Ben Johnson, 
B=n Hazelton; Paul Wilcox, Director of Flying at 
the Ryan School; Lieut. Lloyd P. Hopwood; and, 
Rosmond Blauvelt. Latter is Flying Cadet Zins' 

Flying Cadet and Instructor. The cadet, left, 
is William E. Zins who before joining the Air 
Corps was employed in the Consolidated engineer- 
ing department. 

The line-up of Ryan trainers. Military versions 
of the Ryan S-T Trainers, on Lindbergh Field. 

essary credits leading to a degree which 
normally requires four years' work, or 
must pass a written examination in lieu 

The pay of a flying cadet is $75.00 per 
month. In addition there is a ration allow- 
ance of $1 per day, which is sufficient to 
maintain a first-class mess. A further 
allowance has been made to cover rental 
expenses while undergoing training at 
civilian flying centers. 

A former Commanding Officer of Ran- 
dolph Field in discussing careers in the Air 
Corps recently said: 

"Every young American college under- 
graduate, in planning his future, should 
think of Randolph Field just as he thinks 
of any other postgraduate professional 
school — provided, of course, that he has 
the necessary physical qualifications and 
the desire to fly. 

"Naturally it is the most difficult to 

enter of all-post-graduate schools. But if 
you win your wings, you can take a just 
pride in having accomplished something 
worth while and you will have had at 
least 2 50 hours of flying before you are 
graduated as a Second Lieutenant." 

A mistake is what not to do next time. 

Consairians About Town 

By W. H. Fink 

J. Lockwood, dispatcher, says that he 
had a swell time at Del Mar beach last 
Sunday. We think that we could also 
have a swell time with so much "oomph" 
playing around in the sand. 

"Morg" Morgan, Draw Bench, is re- 
covering from his numerous injuries, the 
result of an automobile accident. Morg. 
expects to return to work in the near 
future. The Draw Bench boys wish you a 
speedy recovery, Morg. 

Harold Smillie, former Consairian, is 
all smiles these days because of his new 
job over on the "island". Smillie was the 
rivet machine operator in the Draw Bench 

Johnny Kelley, Sheet, recently married 
has a forlorn, envious look on his face 
every time his pal. Bud, speaks of having 
a little fling over the week-end. Cheer up 
Johnny you'll get used to it. 

The Maintenance Department won the 
tug-of-war, at the picnic as you no doubt 
know. But, with all the beer that the boys 
drank it is a wonder that they did not 
pull their opponents to kingdom come. 
Incidentally there are some swell pictures 
of these beer guzzlers at the Maintenance 
Crib window. 

We are very grateful and appreciative 
of the many acts of kindness shown to 
us and the many expressions of sympathy 
tendered to us, by the members of Con- 
solidated's family, in our recent sorrow. 
William A. Maloney, 
William S. Maloney, 
Joseph H. Maloney. 

Wm. Gramse, Draw Bench, has been 
walking around the department nights 
singing "Molly and Me and Baby Make 
Three." Could it be that there is to be 
an addition to the Gramse household? 
Could Be. 

Al Blair "Spot Weld" has moved from 
Mission Beach into Ocean Beach so that 
he will be closer to that new welding ma- 
chine. Incidentally, Spotty and Chuck 
Hibert will have to go to night school now 
so as to learn French and the metric system 
of measurements. 

Any morning you may be seeing W. 
Freeman and his riders from the beach 
walking to work. The old Willys is ap- 
plying for Old Age Pension. 

Along with the increase of work and 
new men in the plant we have had an in- 
crease of phrases and names in regards 
to tools. These were heard in the Draw 
Bench Dept., "Let me use your angle 
gadget" — (Starret calls it a protractor). 
"Kin I use your metal scissors" (tinsnips 
to you). "Have yuh gotta thickness gauge 
the kind that turns." (Could he mean 
"micrometers?") A three-cornered gadget 
(meaning a scraper!) Well, as the saying 
goes "live and let live." 

"Slim" Franklin, Tube Bender, is pass- 
ing out Van Dyke cigars these days. He is 
the proud father of a bouncing baby girl. 
Miss Judith Franklin. Born Sunday, Sept. 
18th. Thanks for the smokes. Slim, and 
best of luck. 

"Stay Alert and Stay Alive." 

Nice to I 

See the Newest 


— you wouldn't use a 
1917 ship . . so why use 
an obsolete piano? 

S&utheiiii Caiittrniifia] 

Ow- 1IU*»T G . AlHEWBiRO. PBEI. 



.ome a 

nd S< 


For 1940 

in Oct. 



India at B St. 



Facts About 

the Femmes 


DAN CUPID seems to be working 
overtime among the Consolidated 
giris lately. Saturday morning, September 
9th, Catherine Phipps and Wiiham Gebing 
spoke their vows before the beautiful 
altar of St. Joseph's Church. Catherine, 
radiant as a bride should be, looked lovely 
in a white lace gown with matching cap 
and veil. Her bridesmaids, dressed in 
peach and blue, carried bouquets in pastel 
shades. The newlyweds left immediately 
after th; wedding for a trip to Catalina. 

Among the guests were Lee Johnson, 
Juanita Smith, Avis Clarke, Grace Koenig, 
Mary Eleanor Meredith, Marcella Holz- 
man, Ann Howard, Irma Robbins, Grace 
Swearingen, Margaret Kendall (a former 
co-worker of ours), and Kathleen Schnei- 
der. ?' 

All the Consolidated girls extend a 
hearty wish for a lifetime oflsmooth sail- 
ing to Mr. and Mrs. Gebing. ' 

Jean Henley reported for work the 
other morning with a car and left for 
home that night with an accbrdion. Jean's 
car happened to be the end one in the 
freak accident that occurred in front of 
the plant recently and, consequently, it 
took most of the bumps. It was fortunate 
that the accident didn't happen a few 
minutes earlier or the result might have 
been very serious. Gee, we're glad Jean 

didn't sit in her Dodge to eat breakfast 
that morning or we might be teehng sorry 
tor a human accordion instead ot a 
mechanical one. 

V/e bid farewell to Dorothy Peterson 
who has been a member of the Consoli- 
dated personnel for over three years. We 
wish Dorothy loads of success in whatever 
she undertakes. 

Mary Eleanor Meredith, and her giggle, 
is back with us again. She is now secre- 
tary to Mr. Learman and we hope to see 
her "bubble bath" personality around here 
for some time. Speaking of pleasant dispo- 
sitions, hats off to Jane Dunn for always 
wearing a smile while at work. Anytime 
an employee appears at the Cashier's Win- 
dow in the accounting office, he may be 
sure that Jane will greet him with a 
pleasant word or a grin. (Now don't let 
me down, Jane.) These two gals certainly 
have discovered the fountain of everlast- 
ing cheer but not many of us have inter- 
cepted their secret. 

Mary Nugent seems to be the gal who 
gets all the wedding info weeks in advance 
of the rest of us. Let this be a warning if 


701 "C 

We manuFacture 

our own Fur Coats and 

thereby can better guarantee their cor- 
rectness and durability. 


Noonan's will arrange budget plan payments 
if you so desire, without high carrying charges 

Joseph naonan 

701 "C" 

you're contemplating a surprise engage- 
ment, keep away from Mary's observing 
eye. Mary has beaten us to first-hand in- 
formation on two of our recent brides, but 
we've got our eyes and ears to the ground 
this time and hope to beat her to the next 
Dan Cupid target. But who it will be, at 
this time, is very questionable. It seems 
as though all of our eligibles have taken the 
fatal step and the ""confirmed old maids" 
that are left are poor targets for engage- 
ment news seekers. That ""Old Ladies' 
Home for Disappointed Damsels," on 
which several of us have been drawing up 
blueprints, seems to be a reality instead of 
a vague idea. Shucks! 

Summin' up the Picnic: Despite on- 
again, off-again showers, everyone at the 
4th Annual Consolidated Picnic on Sep- 
tember 9th at El Monte seemed to be 
having one grand time. What's a few 
drops of rain when you have on your old 
clothes and are out for a good time? (But 
what havoc those rain drops played with 
feminine curls — they began to droop like 
wilted daisies.) From morning 'till night 
there was something doing every minute 
and when your eyes were strained from 
watching the interesting contests, you 
could climb a mountain or fill yourself 
up with ice cream, beer, orangeade, or a 
dozen other picnic refreshments. Of 
course, the beer was the least popular part 
of this picnic — it practically went to 
waste In the barrels — ??? — Grace Koenig 
could be seen from any part of the grove 
in that bright orange blouse. In fact, Mary 
Eleanor Meredith and yours truly climbed 
the "little hill" in back of the picnic 
grounds and the first sight to catch our 
eyes when we reached the top was a bright 
orange spot on the grounds below. We 
finally got out our field glasses and discov- 
ered it was none other than our own Plan- 
ning pal, Gracie. Where did you get that 
modest blouse, Miss Koenig? — Three cheers 
for the fellow who reached the top of the 
greased pole and claimed the cash prize; 
he earned every cent of it. He ought to be 
down in Africa climbing coconut trees. 
For awhile it looked as though several of 
us short feminine onlookers would have 
to stand on top of each other and reach 
that coveted cash prize but just when we 
were giving the idea serious thought, we 
saw the winning polecat climb up and 
claim the honors — Margaret Kendall was 
so serious about that measuring contest 
thit we felt sure she would be the win- 
ner, — Fran Warner insists that she was at 
the picnic but she must have been hiding 
in someone's lunch basket. — Grace Swear- 
ingen was either heading for, or just leav- 
ing, the ice cream stand everj' time we 
saw her. Yes, you must admit we had a 

October, 1939 

lot of fun at this year's picnic and will 
be looking forward to the next one. 

We take time out to welcome the fol- 
lowing new girls to Camolidated: Lois 
Props to the Army Office; Beatrice Jack- 
son and Florence Cannon to the Account- 
ing Office; Evelyn Kells to the Purchasing 
Department; Norma Buell, Dolores Elliott 
and Grace Ellerman to the Employment 

The name "Grace" is more popular than 
one realizes. With the addition of Miss 
Ellerman to the Employment Office, we 
now find four "Graces" employed at 
Consolidated. We've heard of the three 
Graces before, but the fourth Grace is a 
new one to us. Grace Koenig started this 
name monopoly, then came Grayce Holm 
to the Employment Office. The third 
"Grace" to appear was Miss Swearingen, 
and now Miss Ellerman enters to complete 
the cycle. Wonder who the fifth will be? 

As a special request, won't somebody 
please do something about that combina- 
tion of Lucille Fisher and Lorine Mounce 
sitting on the same chair at noon? Any 
likely solutions will be gladly considered. 

Recent Changes in Federal 
Old-Age Benefits 

THE recent amendments to the Federal 
Social Security Act not only changed 
the benefits for retired employees, but 
also provided benefits for widows, depend- 
ent children, parents, and aged wives. 

Beginning in 1940, each employee at- 
taining age 65 will be entitled upon re- 
tirement to receive a monthly benefit 
equal to 40% of the first $50 of average 
monthly wages, plus 10% of the remain- 
ing wages up to $250 a month. This 
amount is to be increased 1 % for each 
year the employee earns in excess of $200 
and pays old-age benefits tax thereon. The 
minimum benefit is $10 a month. 

The revised retirement benefits are illus- 
trated in the following tables: 
Single Persons 

Monthly Benefits Payable to Employees 

Who Have Earned an Average Monthly 

Years Wage of $100, $1S0 and $200 

Covered $100 $150 $200 

3 $25.75 $30.90 $36.05 

5 26.25 31.50 36.75 

10 27.50 33.00 38.50 

20 30.00 36.00 42.00 

30 32.50 39.00 45.50 

40 35.00 42.00 49.00 

Married Persons 

Monthly Benefits Payable to Employees 

Who Have Earned an Average Monthly 

Years Wage of $10Q, $150 and $200 

Covered $100 $150 $200 

3 $38.63 $46.35 $54.07 

5 39.38 47.25 55.12 

10 41.25 49.50 57.75 

20 45.00 54.00 63.00 

30 48.75 58.50 68.25 

40 52.50 63.00 73.50 

The monthly benefits payable after 
January 1, 1940, to employees' survivors 
are outlmed below: 

A widow, regardless of age, who was 
living with her husband when he died, 
and who has in her care one or more un- 
married children under the age of 18, is 
entitled to receive three-fourths of her 
husband's monthly benefit. These benefits 
cease when the widow remarries or the 
children of the deceased husband are mar- 
ried or attain the age of 18. 

An unmarried dependent orphan is en- 
titled to receive one-half of the monthly 
benefit of the deceased parent until such 
time as the orphan marries, is adopted, or 
becomes age 18. 

A parent whose child has died leaving 
no widow and no unmarried surviving 
children under the age of 18, is entitled to 
receive one-half of the monthly benefit of 
the deceased child provided such parent 
has attained the age of 65, and was 
wholly dependent upon and supported by 
the child. 

An employee's widow who has attained 
the age of 65, who was living with her 
husband when he died, and who has not 
remarried is entitled to receive three- 
fourths of the monthly benefit of her 

The maximum monthly benefits payable 
to either retired employees or their sur- 
vivors is limited to ( 1 ) twice the monthly 
benefit of the employee, (2) 80% of the 
employee's average monthly wage, or (3) 
$8 5 a month, whichever is lowest. 

Each employee should acquaint his de- 
pendents with the information outlined 

No man should be criticized for a frank 
statement of opinion if it be made in good 
temper and free from unseemly invective. 





Broadujay at Tenth 


Teddy (Begonia) Edwards has enlarged 
his lath house and will accept any kind 
of cactus or plant that is offered him. 
(Gold fish too.) — 2930. 

Geo. Eggleston had his first instructions 
in traffic speeds on Pacific Highway Sat- 
urday. After it was all over he had a nice 
pink diploma for his first lesson — 2930. 

Bill (Nibbler Bill) Milton of the Bench 
Dept. was invited to ride to the picnic 
in Benny Kiegle's new Plymouth; and to 
show Bill's Scotch and Boy Scout in him, 
he guided Benny by way of Escondido so 
he could get a longer ride. We hope that 
you don't give the new son-in-law the run 
around like this. — 2930. 

For the first time in weeks Chester Dud- 
zinski has both the areas around his eyes 
clear of any dark colorings. Did you finally 
get the knack of "dodging doors, Chet?" 

Phone Jackson 201 1 Chick Runyon 
"The Blind Man" 



University Window Shade Co. 

102.^ University Avenue 

We invite all of our 
Consolidated friends 
to our Grand Open- 

Time: Saturday, Sept. 30 

Free Gifts to Everyone 

Convenient Credit Ex- 
tended to all Consoli- 
dated Employees 


Silvertown Stores 

905 B Street Phone F. 6258 


By Larry 

BUILDING aircraft in the modern 
manner requires organization detail 
not unlike a military machine. Every item 
that might concern the militarist in the 
field, also concerns the department heads 
of an aircraft manufacturing organization, 
and the actions and morale of the indi- 
vidual members must be much the same if 
objectives are to be gained. 

In the course of a military campaign 
the objective is usually the enemy's im- 
portant manufacturing centers or rail 
heads ... In aircraft manufacturing it's 
getting the finished product ready for de- 
livery at a definite, planned date. 

Let us consider how this planned strategy 
works out in Consolidated's Wing Depart- 
ment: Long before the actual work begins 
on the wing structure itself, the depart- 
ment head and his assistants are informed 
just what type of wing is being designed. 
They are often referred to when questions 
of practicability of manufacture, or sim- 
plicity are concerned and their valuable 
opinions based on years of experience are 
considered indispensable by seasoned en- 

The final design decided upon, and the 
quantity that will be manufactured de- 
termined, this board of strategy begins to 
map out a campaign to meet the objective. 
First the Tool Design confers with them 
about tooling up. Plant layout is import- 
ant for beside the arrangement that will 
guarantee satisfactory progressive assembly 
operations, light and air lines must be in- 
stalled and parts racks must be placed at 
convenient locations. 

The time element is all important. Men 
must be trained to do particular operations 
and detail sub-assembly work. The use of 
new tools must be properly explained. 

The campaign is well under way at the 
time the first assembly jigs and fixtures 
are being delivered from the loft, wood- 
shop and tool room. Various men are act- 
ing as "Lieutenants" in this complex 
game. Working directly under them are 
a group of "Sergeants" who are doing the 
job of instructing a large group of men 
who are doing specific assembly jobs on 
certain parts of the plane. 

Specialists come into use in the form 
of trained men who originate the assem- 
blies and plan the routines. Slowly at first 
and then at a faster rate, the detail parts 
are placed in the jigs. Rivet holes are 
drilled. The details riveted together. The 
smaller assemblies are turned over to 
groups doing larger assembly work in 
larger jigs until the final mass of spars. 


beams, stringers and attaching fittings are 
placed in the huge assembly fixture that 
looks more like a highway bridge than 
anything else imaginable, and often is 
much larger than most of them. 

In this huge jig the parts are accurately 
located and this guarantees perfect inter- 
changeability. The skin is then riveted in 
place and the item is soon ready for its 
pressure test. 

All during these operations a com- 
munication system is in constant use. 
Contacts with Engineering officials by 
phone or personal call, clear up manu- 
lacturing problems. Clerks and Dispatch- 
ers are meeting the needs of the men with 
loads ot detail parts that are brought up 
by a fleet o± Truckers who very efficiently 
handle the large quantities of materials 
needed and deliver them to the proper 
position on the line. 

Accurate checks are made of each day's 
progress and causes for delay or failure 
to keep pace are carefully noted and cor- 
rected. Men are added here or transferred 
to another job when help is needed. All 
these moves are planned and executed with 
the utmost of concern by the board of 
strategy solely responsible for the suc- 
cessful completion of the finished detail. 

In the Wing Department also are made 
the large control surfaces; the rudders, 
stabilizer, ailerons and flaps and all of 
these must meet other units of the plane 
being produced in other departments at 
the same time in final assembly so that 
no delay is experienced. 

Men, Maps, Supplies, Communications 
and Operations Control are brought to- 
gether and the objective is soon reached 
and taken. 

The "Army" whose efforts you have 
been reading about is made up of men who 
know their jobs. They are led by "Herb" 
Ezard, whose manufacturing training be- 
gan years ago in the cotton machinery 
business in Manchester, B. I. He is as- 
sisted by Steve Powell and Lawrence 

Also assisting Mr. Ezard in various ca- 
pacities is a large group of men, most 
of whom can boast of years of aircraft ex- 
perience. Many worked on the first all 
metal boats ever built. 

Today's airplanes are designed to do 
jobs that most people would deem im- 
possible. The wing itself is no longer just 
a device to assist the plane along thru the 
air with its lifting effect. To it are fastened 
the outer Wing Panels the Trailing Edge 
assemblies, the Leading Edge assemblies. 

the Ailerons, the Floats, Flaps, the oil 
tanks and engine mounts and the engines 
themselves. Into it are built the Fuel Tanks, 
and thru it pass a system of cables, hy- 
draulic lines and wires that match the 
human nervous system for Complexity. 
When the whole assembly is complete they 
hook on another system of controls and 
mountings for operating the retractable 
landing gear assembly which folds neatly 
into the wells provided in the wing 

October, 1939 

Top: Steve Powell, Herb Ezard and Lawrence 
Mineah discuss a new wing problem and plan 
methods of manufacturing procedure. Don Kim- 
ball, department clerk, records the previous day's 

'lop center: Frank Heidemann, "Army" Arm- 
strong, Jack Campbell and Art Duncan checking 
over a new bulkhead assembly prior to riveting 

Center photo: Steve Smith checking the work 
progress on a spar assembly that John Waskey and 
Charles Szymczak are drilling. 

Bottom center: Gilbert Lance, Leo Klingenmier 
and John Strachan checking over an assembly jig 
detail. All lead men build the first assemblies them- 

Bottom: Stanley May, Harry Edgemann and 
Elmer Gahlbeck build the first control assembly 
and plan assembly routine for later production. 

Photos of Fuselage and Hull structures 
are always interesting, but very seldom is 
one given the opportunity of seeing the 
wing covering removed so that the interior 
arrangements in all their complexity can 
be observed. 

Overseeing the detail construction of 
the Wings and Surfaces are John Strachan, 
Gilbert Lance, Dick Moore, Steve Smith 
and "Army" Armstrong. These boys 
handle Center Section assembly, Outer 
Wing Panels, Night Wing Assembly, and 
Bulkheads respectively. Earl Nottleman 
handles Spare Wing Assemblies, which is 
no small item when one considers the 
numerous types of Wings we furnish Spare 
Parts for. 

The Surfaces, Spare Wing orders. Final 
Wing service at Final Assembly and Night 
Assembly operations are handled by H. 
Eigenmann, L. Klingenmeier, H. Hatch 
and J. Petit. 

E. Gahlbeck supervises the construction 
of Leading Edge assemblies, while E. 
Merlau is in charge of Pressure Testing 
the finished Tanks Assemblies. 

Sheeting and Stringer assemblies are 
handled by Gene Coloman and E. Schnau- 
belt in their respective Day and Night 
shifts. H. Deliganes is in charge of all 
Layout work and Templates that are re- 

Jack Campbell has the job of seeing that 
Outer Panels are properly built. Rudder 
construction is carefully watched over by 
C. Patrick while Elevators are E. Jack- 
son's big problem, but he doesn't wait 
long to work it out. 

They have found ways to hang every- 
thing else onto the Wing Assembly, so it 
is not surprising to find W. Miller work- 
ing away like a Trojan. His job is to 
assemble the landing gear mountings and 
retracting mechanisms. 

M. Douse, L. May and "Red" Jackson 
handle Leading Edges, Ailerons and all the 
Riveting, respectively. 

Herb Ezard is proud of his boys and 
never misses a chance to tell about them 

and their work. He likes to remember most 
of them as young boys whom he has 
watched progress from jobs on the bench 
in the old wood and wire days to their 
present responsible positions. 

Gilbert Lance helped build the first boat 
Cansolidated ever built. Steve Powell, 
Steve Smith and Johnny Strachan, are 
among the large group of early Cmtsoli- 
tiators. Lawrence Mineah came to Consoli- 
dated from the Thomas Morse Aircraft 
Corporation in Ithaca. 

The evolution of aircraft design from 
plywood details, casein glue and wire 
brads that were re-enforced with wrap 
metal bands which were brazed together; 
progressed thru the years to today where 
one finds the most modern of alloys and 
manufacturing methods brought into use. 
Most of the boys in the Wing Department 
grew along with this natural growth and 
could tell many interesting stories of early 
day construction problems. Building wings 
never was an easy job. Even today, prob- 
lems have to be solved that would cause 
many less strong hearted boys to give up. 
These boys are a deserving lot and proud 
of the results of their work. 

You will agree this does sound like a 
small army, and no army ever went into 
action with better trained men, well laid 
plans and as perfect equipment. Their cam- 
paigns, carefully planned, never meet re- 
verses of any size. Their objectives are met. 
Their progress is recorded, and just when 
the battle is won and the wings delivered, 
new campaigns are planned to meet new 
objectives. Always bigger, always some- 
thing new, always something better, but 
like real soldiers they are off to battle with 
a cheery smile, and as "Army" Arm- 
strong always says, "If Herb Ezard would 
only let me Parlay this job . . . .!" 


By Drowiie 
With the bowling teams starting their 
1940 training, and experimental having 
somewhat of a new line-up it is really too 
early for predictions! 
The line-up — 

Hanzlik, Kanv, 

Lang, Peterhansel, 

Wright, Sharp. 

170 pounds of deer meat was brought 
to San Diego within the last few days 
according to F. D. M. Scout, Otto Peter- 

If this weather we are having is called 
Indian Summer, they should give it back 
to them. 

"The world will never starve for want 
of wonders, but only want of wonder." 


At a quiet and reverent ceremony, John 
W. Kelly, clerk in the Sheet Department, 
was married to Miss Amelia Chappell in 
St. Mary's Cathedral, National City on 
September 2, 1939. The bride and groom 
lett for a short honeymoon and are now 
nestling on a small rancho in Chula Vista 
until the completion of their new home. 
The best of luck to John and his lovely 
bride for a successful marriage. 

—No. 1824. 

One of the highlights of the picnic was 
Bill Sherriff of the Sheet Dept. trying to 
climb the greased pole with one foot on 
the ground. — No. 175 8. 

Horses are fast, horses are slow, 

But leave it to Connie and Miller 

To get in the dough. 

40 bucks apiece, is not very (slow) . 

—No. 1716. 

Jim Masterson, make sure that you have 
two sets of keys for your car before going 
to any more outings where the beer is 
free with whiskey and gin on the hip. 

—No. 1716. 

Welcome back to the Sheet Dept., Eddie 
Di'Amico. How does it feel to be using 
the rivet gun again instead of the school 
teacher's cane? — No. 1716. 

After nine or ten years of married life 
E. Di'Amico of the Sheet Dept. finally 
got himself a baby boy 4 months old. May 
he be a regular pal to him. September 1 1 
friends ran a surprise baby shower which 
was a great success with plenty of presents 
received for the little one. "Beer and ice 
cream galore; just like the Consolidated 

Don't be selfish and insist on the right-of-way — 

Here lies the body of Benjamin Day 
He died maintaining his right-of-way. 

He was right, dead right, as he sped along 

But he's as dead as if he had been dead wrong! 
—No. 7081 

The present endurance record for light 
planes is held by Humphrey and Hunter 
Moody. They remained aloft over 14 
days ... 343 hours and 46 minutes. Came 
down because of a severe electrical storm. 

"It is much easier to be critical, than 


Polo Shirts 

Leather Coats 

Shirts, Ties 


National Shirt Shops 

"America's Leading Men's Furnishers" 





It was learned that C. A. Van Dusen, 
III, son of our Vice-President and Works 
Manager, C. A. Van Dusen, was a mem- 
ber of one of the crews flying the PBYs 
on one of the recent massed flights from 
San Diego to Honolulu. Van Dusen III 
has achieved the rank of Ensign. It ap- 
pears that this plane business is rather "in 
the family" so to speak, since Dad Van 
Dusen makes 'em, and Son Van Dusen 
flies 'em! 





506 Bank of America Building Fifth Floor 



H. V. Atkinson of Vmg Inspection 
recently won two of the four divisions in 
the finals of the Sun's Amateur Snapshot 
Awards, and one of his pair of prize-taking 
snapshots also won Grand Award. Vic's 
first Grand Award winner was a simple 
snapshot entitled "Splinters." It showed 
a mother taking a piece of wood from her 
child's palms. This was also judged best 
in the Children's Division. The second 
award for Vic was a sharply-focused 
landscape entitled "California Desert." It 
won first honors in the Still Life and 
Landscape Division. These winners will 
go into the $10,000 national competition. 
Eastman Kodak Company recently pur- 
chased one of Vic's photos of the Grand 
Canyon. Popular Photography is another 
of Vic's goals in which we hope to see a 
good showing. 

During a recent visit to the home of 
John Buchan of Production Department, 
I was informed by Mrs. Buchan that she 
awoke one night to find Johnny crawling 
about at the foot of the bed. When asked 
what he was doing Johnny (still asleep 
and dreaming about the shop) replied: "I 
just want to find some more parts before 
I punch out." We are glad to see Johnny 
so interested in his work. . . just as long 
as you don't dream about some parts in 
anodize or heat treat, John, and think you 
have fallen in the tanks. 

Craig Clark who has been in charge of 
Wing dispatching is now in his new ca- 
pacity as chief dispatcher on nights. We 
are glad to see Craig make this forward 
step and wish him much success in his 


You get your instruction IN 

9 You have a v/ida choice cf 
planes to fly . . . 50 h.p. 
Cubs, low wing Kinners, 
Fleet Bi- Plane, Fairchild, 
Waco, Douglas Bi-Plane and 

9 Free Ground School Wed- 
nesday nights lor students 
who fly iwith us. 

this easy, 
practical way 

$050 P^^ 


YOU don't have to sign up 
for a whole course and pay 
for it in advance at Speer's. 
Take one lesson or as many 
as you need. Ask your 


new undertaking. Robert Morse has taken 
over Craig's job in the Wings and we 
teel Bob will make a good showing m his 
new position. 

From the sidelines we see Frank Heide- 
mann is knee deep in ribs and bulkheads. 
Glad to see Frank is surging ahead. Don't I 
let the tellows "rib" you too much, 

Two new clerks have been added to 
the Wing Department staff, Jack Hop- 
kins and Dennie Chanis. We know both | 
fellows will be of benefit to the Wings. 
Dennie, a former employee, clerks tor I 
Herb Ezard, while Jack clerks for Steve 

It is too bad the weather plays tricks 
in California. Saturday on our annual 
picnic it had to rain. Despite this the 
picnic was a big success, I hear there was 
no beer left over. Larger and mo-better 
picnics in the future, eh! boys? 

Steve Smith, after a hard day's work, 
was earring some blueprints to the desk 
of Harry Birse when someone bumped 
him. The blue prints flew in all directions. 
I was passing by and happened to hear 
Steve's musical quotations. My goodness, 
Steve! Better luck next time. 

Russ Seelig's wife should receive a medal 
for those delicious cakes she bakes. Wow, 
do they make your mouth water? How 
about some recipes, Russ? 

You G-G — followers should pick up a 
few tips from Harry Deliganes on the 
"Hay burners." I hear Harry recently 
cleaned up at Del Mar. 

The Wing Bowling Team is now bowl- 
ing in the major leagues at the Elks Hall. 
"Heave Ho! Boys." 


Several Consolidators and guests forsook 
the Pacific Ocean Saturday afternoon, 
September 16 (boy it was hot) and met 
at Inspector Russ Kern's place in Bay Shore 
Park to do some arching. In spite of the 
heat a good time was had by all; Russ 
Kern, Les. Crawford, Carl Gilchrist, 
"Spotty" Blair, Tom Eckles, Bill Gilchrist, 
Bern Swarts and four guests. 

Another shoot may be held in the near 
future and all interested should keep a 
weather eye to the bulletin board. 

B. R. Swarts, 1010. 

Barnett at the Causeway - Opposite Marine Base 
Free Courtesy Car to Field from Broadway and 5th Avenue Landings. 

SAVE 50% 


Guaranteed Retreading 

First Line General Rubber 


Distributors of "The General Tire" 
1256 State at A M . 3035 

October, 1939 



By Bill Hartman 

SEEMS like poor Art Bommer is never 
going to catch up on his luck. An- 
other smaihup making four in as many 
weeks — tch — -tch. You can always get 
a kiddie car or roller skates, Art. 

If Gus Fougeron doesn't get his teeth 
pretty quick there won't be any milk left 
m San Diego. Gus enjoys watching his 
family eating steaks while he's on the 
liquid diet. Oh yeah! 

Welcome back Roy Craft. Hope you 
had a nice vacation. 

Seems like Cap Kogler and Jack Fleck 
had a race at the picnic to see who could 
carry the most beer — darn those paper 
cups. Cap says he would have won if he 
hadn't stopped to drink the first eight. 
After that it didn't matter. But did you 
notice Brownie? Next time he says he is 
going to take a bucket. Cups are no good, 
eh! Brown? 

Benny — our man about athletics — 
Kiegle, says the next time he plays soft- 
bull he's going to use a butterfly net. In- 
cidentally if they had used balloons for 
baseballs maybe Benny could have gotten 
jjhit. We never did find out what posi- 
tfpn he was playing — looked like half- 
back or wayback. Too bad Vic Perry 
couldn't be there. He sure would have 
made a swell back-stop or maybe it was 
because Benny took the Escondido detour 
to get to El Monte — tch — tch. It wasn't 
raining that much. Anyway the ball team 
seemed to have a swell time. 

If Charley Pettit is looking for a good 
watchman for that store of his, Frank 
Kastalec says he would recommend Elmer 
Higby very highly. Sounds kind of zaney 
to us — 

Didya ever notice Lou Curley Wilson 
gets all dressed up when he's about to use 
the buffing wheel? You'd think he was a 
member of the Antarctic Expedition. 
Maybe we ought to notify Admiral Byrd. 
We notice Al Gatchell had to stick 
pretty close to Mamma at the picnic. She 
must know you, Al. 

Any time you need any chores done call 
on C. E. Brown, only be sure there's 
plenty of beer because when the beer runs 
out so does Brownie. 

Kurt Kruger is fit to be tied — seems like 
all this unusual weather we've been hav- 
ing has ruined his figs. So now Kurt won't 
be able to have his candy this winter — it's 
tough, Kurt! 

Harold De Remer, our newlywed sand 
blaster, seems to enjoy wedded bliss. When 
asked where he was going to live he said 
with his wife — well stick to it say we. 


By Matt Wielopohki 

THIS time it is a Men's Doubles 
Tennis Tournament. As was expected, 
this tennis cavalcade consists of 36 piayers 
or 18 teams. And, again th;re was an 
abundance of keen enthusiasm, close com- 
petition, and clean sportsmanship shown 
by OUK Coiuolidaled Boys. 

At 1:30 p.m. Saturday, September 16 
(Incidentally the hottest day in 16 years) 
our boys, first group, walked on the Mu- 
nicipal Tennis Courts for their first com- 
petitive matches. After having pinged 
(practiced) awhile they took off their 
sweaters and trousers and began to play 
in their shirts and shorts. What a sight, 
what color, what physiques, and best of 
all what tennis playing. Upon completion 
of these tennis matches, our second group 
of players began their first round com- 
petition. And, again we saw tooth and 
nail battles. Such hard playing, spectacular 
tennis, and hot shots was never seen or 
done by any other Consair Sport Compe- 

Here are the accounts of stirring bat- 
tles with the team victors and victims: 

Those who expected Hudson-Kilgore to 
win easily over Vernon-O'Connor were 
fooled; the latter team won five games, 
the hard way too. 

J. Brown's substitute, Basorg, teamed 
with partner Sonntag and lost to Carter- 
Phillips, 6-2, 6-1. 

Due to unknown reasons, Alianglli was 
the first absentee, causing partner Watson 
to give the first victory by default to 

Whatever element of a bitter battle the 
preceding match may have had, if a player 
had appeared, still remains a mystery. 
However, the Hogue-Abels vs. Hagman- 
Jewell match made up for it. Although 
Hogue-Abels won the first set in 6-4, they 
lost the next two sets in 6-3 and 6-3, 
thereby eliminating themselves. 

The team of R. George-Generas was not 
generous at all, because W. George-David- 
son team won an uphill battle by scores 
of 6-4, 6-3. 

Kellogg emerged from his shell and 
teamed up with Haas, and as a result, 
they slaughtered the dark-horse team of 
Brady-Wielopolski. Hardly any score to 
be mentioned. 

The team ability of Palsulick-Sharp has 
yet to be tested. A default gave them a 
victory. This time, Grandstedt did the 
grandstand act. His partner, Clark, was 
among the missing from competition. 

Here is the only other three set match. 

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After having won one set in 6-4, Ander- 
son-Thurber lost the following sets in 7-5, 
6-2 to a pretty good team: Mason-Syren. 

Pownder-Speed also had the pleasure of 
a victory by default over Maddox-Adams. 
This time, Mr. Adams caused the team loss. 

And in conclusion, there was the elimi- 
nation of nine team losers. Too bad be- 
cause, Abernathy Sport Goods Store and 
Folsom Tennis Shop have each donated a 
beautiful trophy to the winning team. 
The surviving teams will play for these 
trophies. Players eliminated in the first 
round are playing off a consolation tourney. 





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Department C-110 

740 S. Broadway, 

Los Angeles, Calif. 


By Al Leonard 

RUSS KERN, Hull Dept. inspector 
and mountain goat, has just returned 
from his vacation in the State of Wash- 
ington. While there Russ took time out 
to scale Mt. Hood and Mt. Rainier. 'Tis 
rumored than the only reason Russ does 
all that mountain climbing is to enable 
him to keep one jump ahead of the Hull 
Dept. wolves. On his way back to San 
Diego Russ stopped at Frisco to see the 
Fair. As the hotels were all filled Russ says, 
he stealthily crept into one of the model 
homes on Treasure Island and slept there 
all night. The fact that he didn't have to 
pay for a hotel room no doubt made his 
vacation a huge success. He is now sport- 
ing a new pair of streamlined mountain 
climbing trousers which he says set him 
back $4.95 (plus tax). "Dutch" Kline 
swears Russ got them at the County 
Morgue free of charge. 

"Gibby" Gibson is wearing a big smile 
these days for he finally won his first Hull 
Golf championship. Gibson has been dog- 
gedly striving to win all summer and was 
finally rewarded when he shot a low score 
to cinch the championship. 

With Tommy "Honey Chile" Johnson 
back in the Hull Dept. the champion Hull 
team is eagerly awaiting the start of the 
basket ball season. With an experienced 
corps of players, score-keepers, time-keep- 
ers, and the hottest rooting section in the 
plant we're all set to go. We hope the 
Purchasing team who gave the Hull Dept. 
a bit of trouble last year will be able to 
wheel in a team that will make things in- 

George Landy covered himself with 
glory and other things when he caught 
the greased pig at the picnic last week. 
The pig which absolutely refused to enter 
into the spirit of the contest, gently lay 
down to sleep after being prodded out of 
his cage. He never knew what hit him; 

"Hop^^ over to your nearest 
Safeway ^^Cabin'^ 

and "lay in your stores^* where you will 
find Quality and Low Prices 


about two tons of howling humanity 
pounced on him and proceeded to squeeze 
him to death. When everyone was peeled 
off the pile there stood Landy with as 
limp a piece of bacon in his arms as was 
ever seen. Landy was so covered with filth 
and grease that he was shoved into the 
cage three times before anyone recognized 
him. The pig, which was immediately 
named "Lulu" is now being fattened at 
Willy Roemer's Cactus Ranch. 

All the events at the picnic went 
smoothly but one. Yap Yap Hopman 
raised such a rumpus when he was not 
allowed to enter the sack race for boys 
under eight years that he was ruled off 
the field. He was seen later chasing little 
children off the see-saws and making faces 
at Glenn Hotchkiss. 


Yes, we attended the picnic 

That The Consair gives each fall 
But I think that the one on September ninth 

The best one of them all. 

The weather was quite pleasant 

In spite of no sunshine . . . 
But when good folks get together 

They have a dandy time. 

The setting was EI Monte Grove, 

With oaks so green and tall 
And beautiful mountains on either side 

Form a great protecting wall. 

There were games to play . . . 

And prizes too . . . for lucky girl and boy, 
A baseball nine ... a tug of war 

Fur their elders to enjoy. 

The greased pole ... it was quite a feat. 

And many tried to climb. 
But only one succeeded . . . 

He know how ... all the time. 

The greased pig . . . 

It was awarded to the lucky one 
Who was quick enough to catch 

The porker on the run. 

Refreshment too, was served all day . . . 

And with a generous hand. 
And I know that The Consair Folk 

Treated everyone just grand. 

To show our appreciation 

For this happy, happy day. 
Be loyal to The Consair 

In all we do . . . and say. 

Florence H. Delamater, 
Sept. 12, 1939. 



Oil, Batteries, Tires 


Snapshots Consolidated 1939 Picnic 

. Walter Derby of wings slipped in early . . . 

was caught in the act by B. Santi. 
. Photo by B. Santi of wings. 
. S. D. Whitaker, D. C. McDougal ... egg 

tossers par excellence! Stan Marcyan. 
. Ruth Eisman. 
. "At the bar, At the Bar, where I , . etc." 

R. A. Lambert photo. 
. Mrs. D. Hightower, Miss K, McKay, Mrs. 

J. M. McCartney, Mrs. H. Liegel. E. Backhaus 

-A. More of the gang under the trees. R. A. 

. "Gil" Lance, and some of the crowd. B. Santi. 
. Oh, oh! There goes the greased pole contest 

. Jim Patton smacks a homer in the baseball 

game (?). 
. Miss June Paige, girl's shoe race winner. 
. Bert BowHng in action. Stan Marcyan. 
. Jim Kelley watches the fun. Stan Marcyan 


."Whoops! I won!" Champion nail driver Mrs. 

Bearss. Marcyan. 
. Shoes in a mess. . . . 
. "Hear Ye, Hear Ye! All little chilluns what 

is lost . . . jest don't you fret .... 

you'll find yo' mammy and pappy over by 

the beer kegs!" Marcyan. 
. End of Women's Measuring Contest. Lambert 

. Greased pole dirty work that didn't work! 
. Some doubt here but believed to be Miss 

Frances Buckley, backward race winner. 
. "Father" Coughlin running the lost children 

. Dick Senn and Savage . . . fastest pie 

eater uppers. Marcyan. 
. "Cap" Kogler, the Cad. plating tarzan. 
. Miss McCabe, soft ball throw winner. Stan 

. Hey, who chucked that egg? 
. Jack Bearss, Otto Bendt, Paul Schrenk, Nick 

Tuevesky (clown). 
. Dick Cole of wings snapped by B. Santi. 

. "Dad" "Beeler" Sheppherd and the rescue 

mission. E. Backhaus photo. 
. The Barrow race winners: Bowers and Butler. 
. Greased pig catcher George Landy. Marcyan. 
. Couple shoe race winners . . . Miss Dailey 

Humphrey and Mr. Jack Paige. 
. Mr. Jerry Hall, boy's shoe race winner in full 

action. Marcyan. 
.Hare, Herb Ezard, Scratchy Ernest (?), Red 

Ernest (?), Mrs. Harry MacEwan, Harry, 

George Landy, Miss Marshall, Miss Hotchkiss, 

Miss Marshall, Miss Marshall, Cole. Photo by 

. Geo. Wire, A. M. Milligan, Roy Coykendall, 

Al Ambrose, Lloyd Bender, etc., at the bar. 

Hotchkiss photo. 
. "Oh, Boy, what a crowd!" B. Santi. 
. 5 -legged racers . . . Misses O'Niel and 

Schlegenhauf. Marcyan, 
. Bob Mussen, Ray Kendall, Roy Coykendall, 

McGiffen, Tommy Butterfield, snapped by 

Glenn Hotchkiss. 
. Leo Bourdon comes up to bat. 




By "Brad" Bradshau- 

BELIEVE it or not folks, but at last 
there is ice in sunny California, and 
many a Co>noIidafor,-wiie and sweetie, made 
use of it the other night at Glacier Gardens 
(without scotch and soda) ; and if the good 
old "bustle" was still in style, there would 
be many a "chassis" in much better condi- 
tion. One of the promoters, Ed Kellogg, 
arrived late with a weak alibi. "Stopped 
for a milk shake," says Ed. Ice cold milk 
before a skating party, not so good, and 
besides that gleam in his eye eliminated 
all doubt of his washing those dishes to 
pay for the drink. Bill "Sonja" Wiley, by 
his most ungraceful manner of reclining 
on the ice, almost broke up the party. At 
least the cracks he made were large enough 
for Tom Coughlin to fish thru during the 
evening. Tom Eckles, forgetting the dif- 
ference of several cubic inches of foot tried 
to "glide a la Henie" between two unsus- 
pecting females and found there was not 
room for his "dogs", so the girls landed 
quite unladylike on the ice. Howard Bell 
wrapped in a muffler, overcoat, and gloves. 

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viewed the maneuvers from the sidelines 
along with Tom Coughlin, while their 
wives performed. This at least proves who 
"wears the skates" in the family. Says 
"Howie," "With Luppke's and my feet 
on the same pond, who else is going to 
skate?" Al Fink, when finally caught by 
the attendants, was graciously "bounced." 
"I was a bit too good for 'em," says Al, "so 
they put me off to save their face." Harvey 
Muck, Eddie Ehbert, Al Ballard, and Frank 
O'Connor expected to have a night out 
but found the little wives zooming right 
along and too good on the ice to be given 
the slip. Some others more modest and less 
bruised were, Liddle, Owen and George 
Candee, Rosenthal, Farnsworth, Russ and 
Paul Gaughn, Dake, Tuit, Kerns, Gil- 
christ, Abels, Seligman, and a flock of 
good-looking females that the smart guys 
didn't introduce. 

The elusive deer is in for a tough season 
as Consolidator' s big game hunters go 
after that three-pointer. Jack Thompson 
is doing his campaigning in Canada. The 
"Hotchkiss Caravan," including "Dead 
Eye" Cora Hotchkiss, "Cannonball" Roy 
Coykendall, armed with a bag of soft- 
balls, Mr. and Mrs. Harry McEwan, Ray 
Kendall, Hap Forsythe, and George Landy 
are due to return as this goes to press. Be 
sure this DEER meat is looked over care- 
fully as we know they took two "jack- 
asses" to carry the supplies, and we haven't 
learned if they were checked back in. 
"Army" Armstrong is giving them the 
horselaugh as he claims to have gone out 
a few hundred yards from home and bag- 




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ged his three-pointer. Al Ballard is giv- 
ing Army the "Third degree" since the 
zoo inventoried one deer short. Al also 
claims that Army shot so many times and 
ran the deer so far that it died from sheer 
fright and exhaustion. 

Perry Ogden wishes to advise that his 
list of applications for motorman on the 
new electric truck purchased for the 
stockroom is now long enough to supply 
a man for the job until "Buck Rogers" 
takes over in 1950 with a new type ve- 
hicle. August ZoUizze, veteran engineer of 
the transportation line since it sprang from 
a two-wheel push car affair to its present 
status was low in spirits when interviewed 
concerning this "new fangled horseless 
carriage" that has replaced his vehicle. 
Says Zollizze, "I feel just like the horse 
when the automobile was invented, 'taint 
fair. I have been training two of my goats 
to do the job, but the union objected to 
the odor. It's humiliatin'!" 

Owen and George Gandee, two (West- 
By-Gum-Va) lads that have made good 
despite the handicap of wearing shoes and 
deprivation of "moonshine likker" and 
"squirrel gun" received a letter from one 
of their uncles written in 1917 and just 
reached here via grapevine and oxcart. It 
read in part, "Thet thar Kaiser feller kin 
drap them bums from his aryplanes on 
London town er on New York er Was-ton 
ef he has a mind to — but if he ever comes 
a-nozin -around these hills — right thar'n 
then — by gum — we'uns air shore gonta 
commence feudin agin thet critter!" Un- 
der the present conditions if the old boy 
ever gets another newspaper he will think 
the war is lasting quite a spell. 

Red Robbins and Hank Golem are still 
hitting the clock neck and neck, and in 
th? nick of time. "A minute earlier and I 
would have had my car in the usual spot 
white the truck that 'ran amuck' would 
have reduced it to a nice load of scrapnel," 
says "RED." 

The mystery of the "lost lunches" was 
solved along with the mystery of the 
added avoirdupois to Dan Clemson's waist 

Ru-s Gaughn was not caught by the 
Ku Klux Klan but merely had a skin ail- 
ment that infected his neck. 


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October, 1939 


Dan Miller is going to out maneuver 
Captain McManus and hold all the stra- 
tegic points of advantage in the war if 
the Captain don't start an offensive soon. 

Jake Deitzer in changing the requisi- 
tions is leaving a line for the dispatcher 
to write down their unspeakable remarks 
when they cannot get the stock. 





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By Bo nicy 

SEEKING a retreat from th; sultry 
summer season we purchased a weekly 
pictorial publication and settled down to 
look at some war photos. After a near 
fruitless search through page after page 
advertising a certain commodity, we final- 
ly found several battle pictures sand- 
wiched in somehow by some clever con- 
triving on the part of the editor. After 
that we must have dozed, for suddenly 
we were confronted with the horrible 
spectre of our column in the Comolidator 
also being supplanted by another ad for 
the new wasp-like corsets. So once more 
we meekly don the eyeshade and pound 
the keys, eager to contribute our humble 
efforts toward the saving of civilization. 
Getting back to the war situation, it is 
amazing to witness the frenzied efforts 
of some of our people to stay out of it all. 
Since he is an old crony of Gramp Moer- 
shel, we had rather fancied that Ken 
^Tiitney would feel secure from possible 

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conscription. But apparently one is only 
as old as he feels, for a very strange chain 
of events surrounds Ken's recent conduct. 
Two weeks ago he cancelled a golf match 
and was seen on the same morning push- 
ing a baby buggy around the Zoo. He 
was next observed emerging from a store 
that handles women's shoes only. And of 
all things, our most trusted operative 
spied him in a millinery shop just last 
week. Maybe we should have let that ad 
get in after all. 

The Fuselage group's James "Fibber" 
Magee evidently decided to be known as 
the coolest cucumber from the calefactory 
clime of California to the candent caul- 
drons of Calcutta, and sacrificed his sar- 
torinl splendor to save the salty saturation 
of his skin by the simple expedient of 
rolling up his trousers to the knees. He 
refu-^ed to be interviewed and all efforts to 
have him answer a phone call in the steno- 
graphic office were in vain. 

Dick Robbins, whose famous pipes lend 
a Sherlock Holmes atmosphere to the draft- 
ing room, ditched the Meerschaums for 
cigars last week in honor of the birth of his 
third daughter, Athalie Ellen. 

Johnny Stephens went out this last 
month and finally got an excuse for mov- 
ing from the old Albatross street boarding 
house by getting married. His cherubic 
countenance, which continually casts a 
glow of warmth over the serious demeanor 
of the Loft, is still very much in evidence, 
so we imagine that the calories are of the 

Since the pictures were published of 
the houses of various Comolidated em- 
ployees, many queries have come in con- 
cerning the Zerbe Lodge. The official 
measurements of the living room are 
12'-6" by 9'-9". There are no other 
figures available for release at this time 
because the rest of the rooms are not in the 
building program. As soon as we learned 
of the spaciousness of the place we adroitly 


By }. E. Hodgson 

ONCE more the bowHng season is 
here, when you will see strikes with- 
out labor trouble, sparring without giving 
anything, and splits without anyone sep- 
arating. You plan in or on the "Alleys" 
but it is no hole and corner business at all, 
but open for all to see. Well, the Wood 
Shop is entering a team this year after a 
layoff of two years, so watch our dust, 
"or sumpin." 

Speaking of hobbies, Harry Walter evi- 
dently does not get enough work at pat- 
tern making during the day, so he has 
rented a shop and installed woodworking 
machinery, so that he may indulge himself 
after working hours. Harry, by the way, 
has constructed some beautiful model boats 
and is working during his spare time on a 
minature gasoline engine for one of his 

Unfortunately, I was unable person- 
ally to attend our Consolidated annual 
picnic this year. By all accounts, however, 
everyone had a swell time, except for one 
item on the program, namely, the greased 
pig contest. Several of the boys, and I 
don't mean sissies, spoke to me of the affair 
and voiced the hope that such contests be 
left off the future programs, as a baby 
pig cannot compete with the equivalent of 
a football squad. Let's have lots of sport 
fellows, but keep it humane. 

Larry Ireland and Boyd Robinson had 
it all arranged to win the egg-throwing 
contest by substituting a wooden eeg, but 
whether it was conscience or cold feet 
they didn't make the chanee. Naturally it 
was all to be in the line of fun, not with 
any idea of taking a prize. 

Congratulations are in order for Bob 
Harshaw on his marriage, wh'ch was 
solemnized September 1st to Mrs. Lela 
Tabor. All in the Wood Shop wish Mr. 
and Mrs. Harshaw a long, happy life to- 

eked out an invitation for an open house 
for the entire enein^erine department, in- 
cluding Grah-m McVicker. at some future 
date. Some of the Western boys will then 
set some ideas about solitude in a New 
York subway. 


Two Complete Food Markets 

Groceries, Fruits, Vegetables 
The Finest of Meats 

4985 Newport 
Ocean Beach 

4112 Adams 
San Diego 


The Engineers held their monthly Golf 
Tournam;nt at the San Diego Golf Course 
in Chuia Vista and a good time was had 
by all even if the weather man and the 
deer hunting season had to interfere. 

Below is a list of the winners in each 

1st Flight 
Low Gross — Hemphill, 78. 
1st Low Net — Sheahan, 80, 11 — (>^ 
2nd Low Net — Coughlin, 91, 19 — 71 
Robbins, 90, 18—72 
Meer, 82, 10—72 
Low Putts — G. Gandee, 30. 
2nd Flight 
Low Gross — Seaman, 95. 
1st Low Net — Weber, 93, 2 3 — 70 
2nd Low Net — Carlson, ^7 , 26 — 71 
Loyka, 95, 24 — 71 
May, 93, 22—71 
Low Putts — McGuiness, 30 
Carlson, 30 
3rd Flight 
Low Gross — Stacy, 101 
2nd Low Net — Rosenbaum, 106, 32 — 74 
Kimball, 119, 45—74 
Morrow, 119, 45 — 74 
1st Low Net— Hall, 111, 45—66 
Low Putts — Whitney, 3 8 

The next Golf Tournament will be held 
at the La Jolla Country Club on October 
22, 1939. 

Character is power — h influence. It 
makes friends, creates funds, draws patron- 
age and support, and opens an easy way 
to wealth, hmior and happiness. 

Man never seems to realize that the 
follies of youth are drafts on age, payable 
with interest twenty years after date. 



The Engineers Bowling League will 
bowl on Tuesday evening starting Oc- 
tober 10th, 1939. For information see T. 
J. Coughlin, Loft Department. 

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Diego via Australia, Indian Ocean, Africa, 






















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One of Our PBY's Escorts the Steamship Iroquois Into New York Harbor (Wide World Photo) See Page 1 

NOVEMBER • 1939 

Mau We 







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"Coast to Coast Protection and Service" 


Volume 4 

November, 1939 

Number 1 1 


Official word has come through, ad- 
vising of the promotion of our Chief Navy 
Inspector, Roland Mayer, from Lieut. 
Comdr. to Commander. Congratulations! 
We know that the promotion in rank is 
fully deserved, as his career has been a 
long one of outstanding performances. 
Commander Mayer has been stationed here 
at Consolidated since June of 1958. He 
first became associated with aviation when 
he joined with Boeing in 1917. He teamed 
up with the Navy in 1918, and subsequent- 
ly achieved both lighter-than-air and 
heavier-than-air pilot ratings. He has had 
some 6,000 hours in lighter-than-air alone, 
probably more than any other officer in the 
service. He was aboard on every flight of 
the airship Shenandoah, and, as a mat- 
ter of fact, supervised its building. Was 
aboard when the airship was wrecked in 
a storm. He and his mates spent 1 Yz 
hours "free-ballooning" in the bow por- 
tion which tore loose from the rest of 
the structure and remained intact, and in 
which they happened to be at the time 
of the crash. 


Discussion is under way for the forma- 
tion and organization of the Consair Gas 
Model Airplane Club. With such en- 
thusiasts here as Elbert Weathers, a na- 
tionally known model designer; Jim Lay, 
past president of the San Diego Aeroneers; 
and Harold Strawn, a consistent 1st and 
2d place winner at the Aeroneers' monthly 
contests heading the movement, this club 
ought to go places in a very short time. 
Those interested should contact Bill Gil- 
christ or any of the three above, so that 
the club can get started with a minimum 
of delay. 


The San Diego Aeroneers held their 12th 
monthly gas model plane meet on Sept. 
25th. A plane owned by our Harold 
Strawn won first and second places by 
remaining aloft seven minytes, 52 seconds. 
E. J. Brown won third and fourth awards 
and Don Jones, fifth. 


A Naval Escort for New 

York-Bound Iroquois 

At Sea— A view from the air of the 
United States Liner Iroquois (right back- 
ground), picked up while en route to New 
York. On right foreground is a United 
States Navy destroyer, with a second de- 


r on left, w 


a N 











steamer carr 





rs and 



the E 


n w 


The St 


at the 


an the pic 


s th 

e strut o 












al escort 

s given 




word w 

as r 


ved by 


United States government on Oct. Uh, that 
the Iroquois would be sunk when it neared 
the American coast. The United States of- 
ficials, with the President's approval, sent 
a Naval escort to meet the ship which had 
sailed from Cobh, Ireland, on Oct. 3rd. 


I wish to express my appreciation to all 
those who volunteered to donate their 
blood during my son's illness, and especially 
to Mr. Klenner whose blood was selected. 
I also wish to thank those who sent flowers 
and who visited my son while he was in 
the hospital. Together with many other 
kindnesses which were shown, I am sin- 
cerely grateful. 

Signed: Mrs. Rose B. Terrill. 


Final Assembly was represented by sev- 
eral prominent ice enthusiasts at the Skat- 
the Rink Tuesday, October 17th. Mr. 
and Mrs. Frank O'Conners sweetly sailed 
along together. Walt Panke back from 
"Opening" looked fine. Our good friend 
Jim Good did good; Al McGue, near pro 
skater performed for Mrs. and son in the 
stands. We saw our old friend Sid Long 
brought his family and wouldn't you know 
it, Mrs. Long out-did Sid, while three-year- 
old Miss Long was showing Mamma and 
Daddy how to skate. 

We observed that the squeegee boys at 
the ring worked unassisted since Eddie 
Birch did an excellent job of staying on 
his skates. Oh yes, among the stand fans 
we saw Mr. and Mrs. Jacobs studying the 
fine points of maintaining one's equilibrium 
while on blades, and by the gleam in their 
eyes they will try it next time. 

No. 7013. 


About six weeks ago an Archery Club 
was formed when seven enthusiastic Bow 
fans met with four guests at the house of 
R. Kern, where an afternoon of fun was 
had trying to hit a target at 60, 90 and 
110 yards. No heavy scores were run up 
but the fun was started and another meet 
was held at Crow's Archery, 1131 Broad- 
way, where some real shooting was done. 

J. Schreiner hit six Bull'seyes and broke 

12 Balloons out of 36 shots. The follow- 
ing score was turned in: 


13 86 J. Schreiner 18 

700 5 C. Gilchrist - 6 

1003 R. Kern 4 

503 3 R. Kendal 4 

1305 Giesselman 4 

Mrs. Jackson 4 

4032 Jackson 3 

3450 L. L. Klus 3 

4173 V. Marten-Cohen 1 

W. A. Sandford 1 

7119 Les Crawford 1 

Mrs. Giesselman 1 

The following committee was ap- 
pointed and a shoot is to be held about 
every two weeks: Ray Kendal, Russ Kern, 
V. Martin-Cohen, J. Schreiner, Instructor. 

All who are interested in Archery please 
come and give the Club a boost. Some good 
times are ahead for those who would care 
to try a hunting trip and shoot animal 
targets. For further information contact 
any of the committee or Bill Gilchrist. 

Tuesday, November 7th is 
election day. Be sure to cast 
your vote. 

Just a wee bit late to note for the 
October issue, was a long fine letter from 
our fellow-worker J. Frank McDonald, 
who for the past two years has been 
rather ill and confined for the most part 
to the hospital. Frank was very compli- 
mentary in his praise of his fellow-workers. 
Thanks a lot, Frank. Frank is at present 
at the Vauclain Hospital at the end of 
Front Street. 

All communications should be addressed to the CONSOLIDATOR, c, o CONSOLIDATED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, Lindbergh Field, San Diego, Californio. 
Permission to reprint, in whole or in part, any of the subject matter herein, is gladly granted ony established publication provided proper credit is given the 
CONSOLIDATOR. Material may not be used for advertising. Printed monthly in the U. S. A. by Frye & Smith, 850 Third Ave., San Diego, California. 



By Willie "WincMl" Hartmm 

THE night of the "big blow" last 
month sure cramped the style of a lot 
of the boys. Frank Kastelic and his missus 
had a glorious time running from room to 
room closing windows, etc. and the last 
window blew out of Frank's hands and 
smash. Vic Perry lost the roof off his 
house, and Kurt Kruger had to have a 
rowboat out at his ranch. He lost all his 
figs and the mice were frightened to death 
— how about the banties, Kurt? 

Someone told Keenan that a moustache 
was a good lightning conductor so he 
shaved at long last. 

Best of all though, was our newlywed, 
De Remer. Imagine a new bride afraid 
of a thunderstorm — um well! 

Bowers says, 'twarn't nothing. Where 
he comes from "thems just little drizzles." 
He says, you really get thunder when it 




Broaduuay •« Tenth 


curdles the cream and turns it black. Oh 

No wonder it rained. Art Bommer had 
just spent two days putting a glaze job 
on the jalopy. That's what you get for 
putting on the dog or something. 

If Goodbody ever misses with that sledge 
hammer it won't be so good for anybody. 

Gus Fougeron has moved lock, stock 
and barrel across the aisle to the bleachers. 
Wei! we hope you don't get sunstroke 

And speaking of Gus, he sure is taking 
it on the chin while waiting for his store 
teeth. Anyone else offering him peanuts 
better be able to run fast and loose. 

Now that Vic Perry has himself a 
doghouse we expect to hear more from 
"Tuffy" the pooch. 

In our midst is one intrepid hunter. 
He has been hunting now for several 
years. Every fall he packs up whenever he 
can and hies himself to the hills looking 
for deer. Recently he thought perhaps his 
bad luck would change if he had some help. 
So once again he packed up his outfit and 
invited one of our lesser known hunters to 
join him in his hunt. Now, thought he, we 
shall surely get us a big buck. So out 
they started to spend all week-end hunting 
— hunting ever hunting. But did our hero 
get a shot at any venison? Alas and alack — 
no. But the lesser known hunter got him- 
self two, not one but two, big bucks 
the first time out. Moral — never invite a 
farmer to go out hunting with you! 

Well we finally got those cigars De 
Remer promised us after a month of 
wedded bliss. 

And speaking of cigars, we are due for 
more of the same, for Homer Higby, our 
keeper of the bees, went and got himself a 
new Queen, so now Homer spends all his 
time with his honey, namely Ethel Kimball 
who will keep the hive for her "King bee" 
ever after at 43rd and Wightman. Con- 
gratulations Homer and Ethel. 

Brownie says the next time he goes to 
play badminton with Kastelic he's going 
to stay home. Tough game. Brownie, espe- 
cially for parlor athletes. 

Speaking of names, "Dichlorodifluoro- 
methane" is simply a degreaser. 


and on 



Furniture Co. 

S368 Kcltner at Kalmla 



By Matt Wielopolskj 

Bob Carson, machine shop tool crib, will 
take on any sporting bet — that is, if there 
is a fifty-fifty chance of a get. Just like 
a let in tennis, another chance. 

Nick Touvesky, Consair's Russian Trou- 
badour, hasn't a thing on our Harry La 
Bar. It is a well-known fact that the 
French are noted for their grand opera 
and fine song, and Harry is proof of this 
fact. Yes, siree, Mr. La Bar can hurry up 
and down a musical scale that rates second 
only to Kenny Baker or Nelson Eddy. 

Wonder what Bill Liddle will say now 
about his car — not much I 'spose. Espe- 
cially when he sees Bob (Jitters) Thomp- 
son's 1939 convertible (black) top on his 
1937 Buick and with a 1940 (beautiful 
too) Blonde. What's her name, Jitters? 

Where is Elmer? ? ? 

Out for some stock, of course. 

Well did'ja ever see Mr. Golem's four 
clerks rushing (not blondes either) to and 
fro? That's shortage, Elmer. 

Casper Costello, second shift Machine 
Crib Keeper, is no relation to the famed 
Costello family of the movie screen. So, 
boys, get the idea out of your heads that 
he takes up stage work (it's too heavy). 
Incidentally, Mrs. Toots Costello and Mr. 
Casper Costello (again, no relation to the 
cartoon couple, Toots and Casper) are 
proud of the West, because it is the best. 
Did'ja know that — 

John McDonald's Washington Univer- 
sity (Seattle) education was cut short be- 
cause of the 1916 war? 

Elmer Buschbaum, is a law graduate of 
Washington University (St. Louis)? 

Bob Holmes once was a math major at 
San Jose State College? 

Yours truly majored in English at San 
Diego State College for nearly two years? 

Bob Ramet, of cutting department at- 
tends San Diego State College during the 
day and works at night here in Consoli- 

Ray "Pop" Felton is a master of the 
old school, "School of over a half of a 
century. Experience?" Keep up the good 
work. Pop. 

Earl Conniry once said that you can't 
beat the quality and quantity of work of 
that one machine — The Murchey Threader. 
However, Don Benson, the Leadman says, 
"two machines will outdo any one." 

From reliable sources we hear that Ray 
"Pop" Felton may join the upper-crusted 
gourmands (one who delights in luxurious 
food) society of Southern California. 
However, John Howard is the best con- 
noisseur (aesthetically, a critical judge 
of the finest liqueur) . 

November, 1939 


By Browne 

Jack Maier, of Wing Inspection, after 
sojourning in the cold country of Seattle, 
thought he would come back to Consoli- 
dated and thaw out. Welcome home old 

Frank Heidemann claims to have definite 
proof the team of Rock Island, Illinois, 
High School played opposite U.S.C. two 
weeks ago. 

Vic Atkinson and Harry Birse of Wing 
Inspection certainly keep the boys jump- 
ing. Ask any leadman! O.K. Steve S. 

Tod "Pete" Carter received his money's 
worth on his latest haircut. If the barber 
had clipped a trifle more Tod's head would 
look like a billiard ball. Army Armstrong 
says if Tod would shave his head it would 
save both Tod and the company money, 
as he could list all his shortages thereon. 
Think it over. Tod! 

After extensive traveling which in- 
cluded a trip to Buffalo, we see Joe Setter 
(formerly of the mill) is back with us in 
the wing deptrament. 

What has happened to the Wing bowl- 
ing team? We had a crack team last sea- 
son. Let's have another this season, fel- 
lows let's turn out. 

Art Hughes, recently got up one night 
to close a bedroom window. When he re- 
turned the bed was gone and so was Mrs. 
Hughes. Art explained it was a folding 
bed and his wife had been held in its 
clutches when it closed. Better tie the bed 
down. Art. 

Army Armstrong's first deer hunting 
trip was heard from all over the shop. 
His second trip was kept very quiet. This 
is why: Army, high on a hill in the brush, 
saw a deer going down in an awful rush. 
Bang! Bang! Army's 44 nine times it did 
speak, the deer looked around and let out 
a bleat. While Army himself, did get on 
his feet. The deer still running a safe 
distance away turned around to Army 
and this he did say, "Tough luck old 
marksman and maybe better luck some 
other day." P.S. You should have heard 
what Army did say. My! My! 

Myron Drake, of the Wings, has left to 
accept a job at North Island. Myron is 
well liked by all who know him and they 
wish him the best of luck in his new 

Stan May and Steve Smith were seen 
Friday, October 13th, at midnight leading 
a dog down El Cajon Blvd. Why these 
two picked such a late hour to take a dog 
for a walk we do not know? Maybe the 
dog was taking them for a much needed 
walk. Oh! Oh! 

Al Ballard of Sheet cutting must be a 


By Al Leonard 

FRANK POP recently surprised his 
wife with a new washing machine. 
When the machine was delivered Frank, 
who is mechanically inclined, proceeded 
to give his wife a demonstration of how 
the machine should be handled. All went 
well until he came to the wringer. When 
he turned on the wringer he was startled 
by a shriek from his wife. She had her 
hand in the wringer when it was started 
and it was drawn in. Frank became flus- 
tered and instead of releasing the wringer 
he threw it into reverse and rolled his 
wife's hand out again. After first aid was 
applied Frank was told a few things that 
had nothing to do with washing ma- 
chines. Now Frank says the old-fashioned 
wash boards are much better than these 
new-fangled machines. 

Russ Kern the head Hull inspector, 
who practically lives in the 'phone booth, 
was heard complaining about the new seat 
in the booth. It seems that Russ' feet just 
can't take it any more after all the abuse 
he gives them climbing all the mountains 
on the west coast. After the seat caved in 
under him for the third time Russ gave 
up in disgust and put a red tag on it. 

Glenn Hotchkiss' annual hunting expe- 
dition reports all quiet on the western 
front. The only casualty on the trip was 
when Harry McEwen saw his first deer. 
Harry was so surprised that he had an- 
other one of his swooning attacks. He 
cut his head in the fall and was given a 
first aid haircut by Glenn who no doubt 
does not have a Barber College diploma. 

good Christian. Al says his prayers have 
been answered. Recently I heard Al utter 
a prayer and in less than two minutes it 
was answered right in the shop. Al's "halo" 
must be under his hair instead of over 
his head. The only halos I have seen in the 
sheet cutting dept. are the circles cut out 
of dural. 

If Jackie Horner would stay in the 
corner, of the Tail Dept., the dispatchers 
would be very happy. Every time Jackie 
sees one, he hollers "where are my parts." 
The dispatchers answer, "coming up on 
the next truck, of course." 


Administration Building 
Lindbergh Fieid 

"The Home of Aviation" 


'Tis rumored that Glenn brought back a 
small fawn and locked it in his garage. 
When the hunting season opens next year 
Glenn intends to open the garage and 
chase the deer out and shoot him before he 
can get out of the yard. 

Harry redeemed himself last week 
though, when he brought back two deer 
which he killed near Warner Hot Springs. 
Harry crawled 300 yards on his stomach 
to get a shot at a deer. When he got close 
enough for a shot he found out that he 
was stalking a jackass. The two deer which 
were hidden in the brush watching Harry's 
strange antics, felt so sorry for him that 
they stepped out and begged to be shot, 
which he did. 

'Gom£ Ta^is:' 

■ Attractive wrapping 
will lend dignity to even 
the most unpretentious 
gift. Discriminating people 
everywhere make good use 
of the variety and ingenu- 
ity of the new Gift Dress- 

Select your needs from 
our new display, complete 
with the latest in wrap- 
ping papers, tags, seals, 
ribbon, and enclosure cards 
of all kinds. 


1040 SIXTH AVE. 


Facts About the Femmes 

ALL trails lead to Buffalo this time of 
year. Lucille Fisher, at this writing, 
is enjoying a three weeks' vacation going 
to her old haunts in this "well known 
among Consoliiiators" city. Lucille will 
have lots to tell us when she finally climbs 
down out of that airplane and gets back 
into harness. 

Our missing Fisher didn't shuffle off to 
Buffalo — she flew there. We don't worry 
about her safe return as long as the pilot 
flies the plane "low and slow", and watches 
out for feminine plane drivers and their 

Another vacationist just returned from 
Buffalo, is Arlene Golem, wife of our 
Traffic Manager, who paid a visit to her 
family and friends in the east. From all 
reports little Sharon Golem had a lot of 
fun on the train. We hear she made quite a 
hit with her fellow passengers. 

We welcome Mabel Gilman back to the 
Navy Office after an extensive vacation in 
Minneapolis. Mabel reports that she had 
a grand trip and is ready to tackle the 
typewriter keys again. 

Leta Davis had a very enjoyable vaca- 
tion recently in San Francisco. She took 
in the sights on Treasure Island and 
visited a former Consolidator, Odessa 

The girls' column wouldn't be com- 
plete without a wedding and this one is 
no e.xception. Wedding bells will ring Sun- 
day, October 29, for Lillian Griebner and 


Art Thurber. Lillian is a former Cousoli- 
dator, Art is a member of the engineering 
department, and Carl Griebner, who will 
proudly escort his daughter down the 
aisle, is an old-timer in the purchasing 
department. No doubt about it, this will 
be a lOO^f C.A.C. wedding with many 
Consolidated friends present to offer their 
best wishes and congratulations. 

If Mr. Koenig's car refuses to operate, 
he can blame it on the amount of feminine 
weight it pulled up several hills recently 
at noon. Grace acted as our chauffeur 
and the "Koenig Kadillac" took a beatin' 
that day. 

Lee Johnson is a brave person to ride 
home in the evenings with so many gents, 
and we want to advise her to shout out the 
window if they don't give her 'nuf room. 

A round of applause to our newly- 
painted walls — and a hearty kick to the 
person who wrote on part of them. 

Another newcomer in our midst is Betty 
Jean Melchor who has joined Mr. D. G. 
Fleet's office. Jean is running Grace Koenig 
a close second for the title of smallest 
girl at the plant. Neither Jean nor Grace, 
in their stocking feet, reaches over the 
mark of 4' 11". These two little "in- 
finks" must envy its tall people. How's 
about it? 

People we don't envy — those brave souls 
who try out for jobs under the watchful 
eyes of everyone within sight. Particularly 
the young lady applicants; they really get 


701 "C 

We manuFacture our own Fur Coats and 
thereby can better guarantee their cor- 
rectness and durability. 

Noonan's will arrange budget plan payments 
if you so desire^ without high carrying charges 

Joseph noonan 

701 "C" 

a close scrutiny from the sharp-eyed lads of 
a certain department. Guess who! 

We miss Jane Dunn from the account- 
ing office, and we'll be glad to see her back 
again after her recent illness. 

Latest sport notice: Badminton popu- 
larity on the wane. Swatting flies at Con- 
solidated taking its place. 

— and a colorful signboard of Santa 
Claus reminds us it'll soon be time for 
our Annual Girls' Christmas Party. From 
former experience this is an event long 
waited for. Maybe we can get a return 
engagement of Louise Girodon's Spanish 
dance and other impromptu hi-lites of 
last year's get-together. 

Irma Robbins and Lucille Fisher, our 
party committee, are tops when it comes 
to arranging this annual affair. Each year 
they plan a nicer party, and if such is the 
case, this year is bound to be super-special. 

Each year we have a larger attendance 
at this femme frolic. Maybe this time 
we'll have to rent the City Stadium. We 
hope the new girls with us this year will 
be able to attend and will enter in our 
Christmas celebration. 

The Maintenance department, the pur- 
chasing department, and black V8 coaches 
go very well together. Keep up the good 
work, "Jonesy." 


By Dan Whorton 

It has come to our attention lately that 
Norman Freakley has a nickname — The 
"Silver Fox." Ask Norman the origin of 
his nickname and he will be happy to 

Slim Franklin has been taking diving les- 
sons lately. How are they coming along, 

The Tube Bending Department has a 
bowling team consisting of Bert Freakley, 
Norman Freakley, Ham Molleur and two 
other fellows not in the department. It 
seems that the only time our stars can 
bowl is in practice games. So says, Bert 
Freakley of Norman and Ham. 

The Tube Benders have decided to get 
Bill Plessiere a cap to wear while working 
so that his hair won't fall into his eves 
and annoy him. His new name is Curly. 

November, 1939 

Lt. Gle 

nn Holland, Maj 

W. G. 

Chamberlain, S 


t Edgar N. Gott 

•flown" bu 


THE Materiel Division of the U. S. 
Army Air Corps demonstrated how 
it can expedite the work of aircraft manu- 
facturing plants in times of necessity by a 
gesture of cooperation which will material- 
ly speed up the work on our new four- 
engined bombers being rushed to com- 
pletion and the test flight stage. The Army 
Air Corps air depot transport airplane 
C-39, flown by Lieut. T. J. Schoiield, 
Pilot, Lieut. G. A. Holland, Co-Pilot, and 
Sgt. H. L. Fagley, Crew Chief, alighted 
at 3:30 p. m. Oct. 13th, on Lindbergh 
Field, with two powerful new type en- 
gines aboard as cargo. These new engines 
were brought west in a fast aerial trip 
from the Aircraft Engine plant of Pratt 
and Whitney in East Hartford, Conn. 

In a nicely timed manoeuver, the brand 
new engines emerged from the maw of the 
flying craft, were placed aboard factory 
motor dollies and rushed into the plant to 
the awaiting new bomber with scarcely a 
moment's delay. These engines, of a new 
design, had scarcely had time to cool from 
their production processes before they were 
stowed aboard the Army plane for their 
unusual trip west. 

These two ""flown" (but unused) en- 
gines constituted a load of about two 
tons for the transport carrier of the air. 
This was only a partial load for the plane 
as it could have carried more engines if 
necessary. Only two engines were imme- 
diately needed. The two additional en- 
gines for the new Consolidated bomber 
probably will be ferried out in a similar 
move by the Materiel Division while this 
issue is going to press. 

McReynolds, Army Air Corps Representative foi 
ce Mgr, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Corp., E. Ha 
d Lieut Thomas J. Schofield, arranging for the details 
:d engines. 

the San Diego Area; 
■tford, Conn.; Vice- 
of unloading the two 

No attention was paid the happenstance 
that the unusual aerial delivery of these 
new engines culminated on Friday the 
13 th. In fact, the additional engines would 
still further confute the superstition, since 
they were to have been loaded and ready 
for the take-off the same day. It was be- 
lieved possible that shipping these engines 
thru normal channels would have meant 
13 days enroute. The acceptance, with 
thanks, of the Army's flight delivery 
power plants, however, saved much of 
this vital time needed for rushing the 
work on the new bomber. Details pertain- 
ing to both the engines and the new 
bomber are restricted and confidential, 
and no information aside from the fact 


By J. E. Hodgson 

Once again John Woodhead, Sr. comes 
into the limelight due to his ability as a 
rough water swimmer. On Sunday, Oct. 
15 th he participated in the race from 
Newport pier to Balboa Pier over an esti- 
mated course of 2 '/^ miles. In taking first 
place among the veterans, he took 1 hour, 
14 min. and 32 sec. to cover the distance, 
and was only five minutes behind the 
leader of the younger classes of swimmers. 
"Pretty good Johnny, but stay away from 
"them there Mermaids!" 

Larry Ireland has just returned from a 
flying visit to Buffalo and vicinity, mostly 
\ icinity. On the way back he gave Bryce 
Canyon a ""look see." The beauty and 
grandeur rendered him speechless, for a 
time. You should go there often Larry . . . 
how the boys would enjoy it. 

You ought to see our (Wood Shop) skid- 
proof floor. That applied rubber makes it 
tough for our boys who love to skate 
over it. Anyway it is a great improvement 
when you can plant your heels down and 
keep them there. 

Tuesday, October 17th, saw the Wood 
Shop Bowling Team start out on its career 
for the 1939-40 season. If a bad start 
means a good finish we ought to be up 
on top, as our beginning was about as bad 
as it could be. However, the season is very 
young, so we'll see what we will see. One 
certainty: we can improve plenty. 

that the engines are of new type, and the 
airplane a new four-englned Consolidated 
Bombardment plane of advanced design, 
can be released. 

Get the most out oF a "buck" 

You'll soon learn that you can save 
money, time and steps by "trying WHIT- 
NEY'S first." 53 departments are com- 
pletely stocked with a huge variety. They 
offer exceptional values every day in the 
year. Pennies saved on WHITNEY'S low, 
cash prices give you extra dollars for 
other use. 

BUDGET TERMS if you wish, 
with months to pay. 

Budget department on 

Mezzanine — 6th Ave. 



hitneii £r Co,j 


We cash payroll 



By D. T. Berger, No. 974 
{Maintenance — Carpenters and Painters) 

Back in his own backyard. 

After spending two weeks stalking the 
deer in Northern Cahfornia and Oregon, 
Knute Knutson returned empty handed. 
A week or so later Knute got his buck 
while looking for wild flowers in his back- 

Art Hubbard bought a new Studebaker 
about two months ago. He brags quite a 
bit about its beauty and performance, but 
we notice when it rains Art rides the bus. 
Isn't it rain-proof, Artie — or is it subject 
to rheumatics? 

There has been a recent Scandinavian 
invasion of the Carpenter Shop. The in- 
vaders are Olson & Johnson. Yumpin 

Charlie Davis is also a recent addition 
to Bob Biddle's carpenter crew. Welcome, 

Al. Tretsven recently left us to return 
to his home state, Wisconsin. 

E. Holliday is leaving us to work for 
Uncle Sam at March Field. 

One thing about airports for flying 
boats . . . they're rather difficult to render 
useless by bombing . . . the holes fill up 
too quickly! 






as for the past 29 years, Baranov's are 
offerinR unsurpassed values in DIA- 
MONDS, Watches and Jewelry. NO 

Admiral John H. Towers, U.S.N., 
Admiral Towers 

Chief of the 
vas qualified i 

Note: Through the courtesy of Rear Admiral 
John H. TowerSj and National Aeronautics Mag- 
azine, official publication of the National Aero- 
nautic Association, a portion of Rear Admiral 
Towers' article which appeared in that publica- 
tion in the September issue, is re-printed here. The 
article was entitled, "Naval Aviation and Naval 
Policy." The quoted portion is reproduced as it 
clearly explains the function of our PBY air- 
planes.— Ed. 



"There is another and very important 
aircraft type employed by the Navy, and 
that is the patrol or flying boat. This type 
is more widely known to the layman than 
either the carrier or combatant ship-based 
aircraft because of the many long distance 
mass flights it has successfully carried out 
and because of the commercial versions 
flying on transoceanic schedules. 

"These planes possess a high degree of 
mobility in themselves and are the largest 
type used by the Navy. They are capable 
of operating over great distances at sea, of 
being powerful offensively and defensively, 
of being self-sustaining to a large degree, 
and of independently joining the Fleet at 




Complete Building Service 

Phone National 453 

ireau of Aeronautics, Navy Department. Rear 
pilot in August, 1911. 

a given time and place, ready to take part 
in whatever action may be required. 

"The bases for these flying boats are 
strategically located, are self-maintaining 
to act independently or to supplement the 
Fleet in time of emergency. From these 
bases th^ complements of patrol planes are 
capable of scouting hundreds of miles at 
sea, carrying heavy bombs to attack any 
enemy vessel sighted, patrolling the oceans 
in advance of the Fleet, and patrolling the 
coastal sea lanes against attack on mer- 
chant vessels by enemy submarines and 
cruisers. The range of these planes and 
their efficiency may be greatly extended 
by the employment of surface ships of the 
tender class. With tenders, the correspond- 
ing number of planes, that is, about twenty 
to a tender, have greatly increased mo- 
bility, since the tender can seek sheltered 
waters and there provide the aircraft with 
the fuel and services necessary to sustained 


Barry Jewell of engineering was a 
pretty proud daddy when Miss Nancy 
Carol Jewell was born Saturday, October 
14th . . . she has red hair ... so has dad. 
She weighed 6 pounds, 1 3 oz. Tuesday a.m. 
when Jewell arrived at his drafting table 
he beheld a full "Line" strung with ap- 
propriates: Blanket, diapers, safety pins, 
bed pan, booties, crib sheet, rubber panties, 
teething ring, rattle, bath powder, clothes- 
pins . . . and even a cigar. Whether Dad's 
face or his hair held the redder hue was 
long a subject for debate. 

November, 1939 

So You Want to Buy or Build? 

By Albert G. Reader 
Union Title Insurance and Trust Co. 

BUILDING or buying a home is one 
of life's greatest adventures for the 
average family. Generally it is the ful- 
fillment of ambitions and desires of a life- 
time and a long step toward a successful 
future. And because it will likely be the 
largest single business transaction the fam- 
ily ever will undertake, it is equally im- 
portant that it be done properly. As in the 
building of a plane, a mistake can be 

We purpose to tell briefly and simply the 
steps to take to safeguard your investment 
in a home of your own. 

Your watch, your clothing, your tools, 
are personal property, subject to manual 
physical possession. You can pick them up 
and take them with you when you move. 
If you have possession, you are assumed 
to own them. Witness the well-known 
saying: "Possession is nine points of the 

But real property, land and permanent 
improvement thereon is different. You 
can't put your house in a safe deposit box 
or carry it away in a satchel. Consequently 
it has been necessary to provide some 
means of establishing a record of owner- 
ship or interest in real property. This 
function of government is known as "the 
Recording System." Its purpose is ob- 
viously to provide a permanent pubhc 
record at a central place where interested 
persons may find out that the rights they 
seek to acquire in a given piece of prop- 
erty are in fact what they will get. As 
between two parties dealing with each 
other, the signing and delivery of a deed 
or other instrument is all that is necessary 
to change rights between them, but the 
recordation of that instrument in the 
proper public records is necessary to pro- 
vide protection against third parties. By 
recording the instrument notice is given 
legally to the whole world. 

Every parcel of land has been owned, 
transferred and retransferred sometime in 
the past. You therefore cannot forget the 
past when you deal in land. The story of 
its ownership as told in the public records 
must be searched out and studied. And to 
the family about to acquire a home, this 
is all-important. The whole security of 
that home will lie in having a clear un- 
assailable title. Therefoire when you ac- 
quire a home be certain you have good 

In California it is possible to obtain 
from title insurance companies not only 

a thoro search of the public records by 
experts in such matters, but insurance 
against loss afterward as a result of un- 
discovered defects. Moreover, title insur- 
ance not only insures you against defects 
in the record title but indemnifies you 
against loss arising out of defects not ap- 
parent on the public records, such as a 
forged deed, or false personation of a 
party to an investment. 

Just recently the front pages of our 
daily papers carried a story about a deed 
to which the signatures of both the 
grantors and the notary public had been 
forged. It conveyed nothing as a conse- 
quence, but $4500 had been paid out in 
the belief that it did convey good title, 
and had the lender of that money not been 
protected by the title insurance company 
he would have lost this $4500. 

Title insurance is your best assurance 
of a good title and your protection against 
loss due to a flaw in the title. Point Num- 
ber One to remember in buying a home 
therefore is to insist that the title be pro- 

(In our next article the subject of land 
titles and title insurance will be discussed 
in further detail with suggestions on how 
to handle the mechanics of your transac- 
tions so that you will be relieved of details 
and be fully protected all the way thru.) 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Stan. Whitaker 
of Engineering on October 4th at Mercy 
hospital at 10:30 a.m.: Miss Suzanne Mar- 
guerite Whitaker. Weight: 8 pounds and 
6 oz. All reported doing nicely, thanks. 

There's an opportunity for someone in 
the fact that Wallace D. Hayes of en- 
gineering structures finds he must sell his 
recently acquired San Diego Flying Club 


"Birds" are migrating once again — back 
and forth over badminton nets of the 
Municipal Gym (Balboa Park) courts, 
five of which are reserved for Consolidated 
employees, their families, and friends every 
Friday night from six 'till ten. 

The turn-out for our first season's play 
was gratifying to all concerned. It was 
like old times to see the gang together 
again, whipping themselves back into 

To those who became associated with 
our group for the first time, we extend a 
hearty welcome. 

The Committee would appreciate the 
continued support of our program as it is 
to our mutual benefit, i.e. if we don't 
keep the courts in use our privileges will 
be forfeited to the general public. Need 
more be said? 

Beginners and those wishing to improve 
their game are urged to contact any 
member of the Committee, who will be 
glad to offer instruction on Friday nights. 

So break out your bats and brush up 
on your footwork. See you at the gym! 

Born to Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Basile of 
Final Assembly, at Mercy Hospital Sept. 
22d, "a bonnie wee girl" weighing 7 
pounds and 9 ozs. Her name, Delores 




506 Bank of America Building Fifth Floor 

i..i's Go jcE SKATING! 

YOU, TOO, can be a "gay blade" if you 
cut a fancy figure once or twice on the ice! 
Low admission price goes lower when you 
buy a book of ten tickets. No skate rental 
charge for young people during week-day 
sessions. It's fun from the first day — try it! 
Instruction for beginners. Free parking. 


Competent Instructors Available at All Times. 



THE versatility of Consolidated em- 
ployees is a source of never ending 
surprise. For any task or emergency, there 
is probably someone in the personnel who 
is thoioughly at home with the work or 
the occasion. 

A short time ago, when disaster sud- 
denly struck the submarine Squalus on 
the east coast, qualified deep sea divers 
were immediately in demand. It will not 
seem strange then, to learn that one of our 
men volunteered his services. His experi- 
ence fully qualified him for the work. He 
was Ward Henry Ryder, of Final As- 
sembly. There are few divers who are 
qualified to work down to the 300 foot 
level. Ryder is one of them, and al- 
though he is no longer in the service of 
the Navy where he gained his valuable 
experience, he realized that there might be 
a scarcity of quahfied men near the scene 
of the disaster. With the speed of air- 
planes to deliver him to the east coast 
quickly, he realized he might be of assist- 
ance and so he volunteered his services. 

you a "Diving Manual" to study, and 
would take you out in a boat to where the 
depth of the water was about 60 feet and 
let you make about three or four dives. 
You were then what the Navy termed "A 
Qualified Diver." Being qualified you were 
entitled to receive $1.20 per hour on any 
kind of salvage work, which usually was 
clearing propellers and rudders, recovering 
lost anchors and anchor chains and other 
articles lost overboard. 

"I had been doing this kind of work for 
about two years when the Navy lost the 
S-51. I wanted to volunteer my services, 
but felt I had not had enough experience 
in diving from a pump and at a maximum 
of 60 feet, to go out there and dive at 1 50 
feet with compressed air from high pres- 
sure air tanks. I felt that at 50 and 60 
feet I was taking about all the pressure 
I could stand. 

"The effects of diving are somewhat 
similar to flying. If on your first airplane 
flight you are carried to 1 5 or 20 thousand 

Ryder (rlghtj recently inspected the 
G. A. Ney, a graduate of the same deep 
fine points of the equipment. 

the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C. The 
Navy started this school about 1928 or 
1929. All the Navy's First Class and 
Master Divers, and the officers who com- 
mand the salvage ships and officers detailed 


Fortunately there happened to be all the 
men that could be used, within a short dis- 
tance, and Ryder was not called upon. 

That Ryder should have changed from 
diving to the building of airplanes may 
at first glance seem odd, but today he's 
lead man on the beaching crew that handles 
our planes into and out of the water. 
Asked how he came to be one of the few 
men who are qualified for this work and 
just what the nature of it is he explained 
approximately as follow: 

"I have had about 14 years experience 
in diving with the Navy. My first experi- 
ences were in the clearing of manila ropes 
and wire cables from the propellers and 
rudders of ships. In my early days in the 
Navy, when you signified your desire to 
be a diver, the ship's Gunner would give 


"Vj Optometrist ,^f^ 

Since 1913 

Eyes Examined Glasses Fitted 

Phone Main 9240 

522 F Street 

feet altitude, the chances are that you 
will experience some rather severe pains 
in your ears. The same is true in diving. 
However, in diving, the change in pres- 
sure is much greater. For each 33 feet 
you descend in salt water, you have an 
excess pressure of one atmosphere at sea- 
level, or 14.7 pounds per square inch. And 
when you descend to 300 feet, which is 
the depth all First Class and Master Divers 
of the U. S. Navy are allowed to go, you 
encounter a pressure of 13 3.5 pounds to 
the square inch. 

"To truly understand the effects that 
diving has upon the body and the discom- 
forts it brings about, would require going 
into many phases of the physics of diving 
which might prove too tedious in the 
reading. However, I would like to state 
that most everyone seems to think at 300 
feet, where the pressure is 133:5 lbs. per 
sq. in., that the pressure seems to crush 
you. Such is not the case. The ill-effects 
come from breathing air at about ten times 
the ordinary amount of oxygen, nitrogen 
and carbon dioxide. 

"But getting back to the story, I con- 
tinued my shallow diving until January 
of 193 2 when, upon my own request, I 
was ordered to Deep Sea Diving School, at 

as divmg officers on the salvage ships, 
must go thru this school for instruction. 

"Upon reporting, you are given a very 
strict medical examination, and only the 
fittest survive this weeding out process. 
Next you are taken to the decompression 
chamber where a Master Diver, who is an 
instructor at the school, instructs you on 
how to clear your ears and allow the pres- 
sure to equalize, and he takes you to 66.8 
pounds pressure per square inch, or the 
equal of 150 feet of water. 

"If you pass this test, you are then 
taught to dress, and tend a diver, as a uni- 
form system is used thruout the Navy. You 
then start making dives in a big steel tank, 
filled with about ten feet of water. Around 
this tank several large ports are installed 
in order that your instructor can watch 
you perform your task, and advise you 
what you are doing wrong via telephone. 

"In most all deep diving, the work is 
carried out by pairs of divers, so that you 
may assist each other. Before you do any 
deep diving however, you are taught the 
use of under water tools, which consist 
of pneumatic tools, gas and electric un- 
der water cutting torches and certain hand 

"The rubber suit, called the "dress", 

November, 1939 


JUr \ 


" ^\. 



lent at the Debtru>i.r Ba^ij. Cliict Gunner 
der, is here seen discussing some of the 

covers the body from the feet to the 
shoulders. A heavy strip of rubber is 
vulcanized to the dress around the 
shoulders, with JA-inch holes punched 
9 inches apart to where your copper breast- 
plate is secured by means of brass straps 
and wing nuts. The top of your breast 
plate and the bottom of your copper helmet 
have interlocking threads, and as your 
helmet is rotated to the locking position 
it fits flush with a leather gasket to keep 
the water from coming in. The helmet is 
fitted with a non-return supply air valve 
in the back, so that in case your air fails 
for any reason, you are able to retain the 
air inside your dress and helmet. A hand 
supply valve is secured to the breastplate 
and held with your left hand, as you regu- 
late your own air when using compressed 
air. When diving from a hand pump, you 
use all you can get. 

"The helmet is also fitted with an ex- 
haust valve that you can regulate either 
by hand from outside the helmet, or by 
chin inside. The greatest skill, in diving, 
is required in being able to control your 
buoyancy by manipulating your supply 
and exhaust valves. It can be readily seen, 
that if you allow too much air to enter 
the dress, inflating same enough to give 
you a positive buoyancy, you are sure to 
come shooting to the surface. Once you 
start there is no stopping until you reach 
the surface, as your helmet raises above 
your chin preventing you from reaching 
the safety exhaust valve, and the air pres- 
sure has already straightened your arms 
out to where you can't reach either your 
supply or exhaust valves. Being blown up 
in this manner is the cause of more fatal- 
ities than anything else. 

"If, on the other hand, you are for any 
reason unable to give yourself enough air, 
and your buoyancy becomes negative, you 
will descend too fast, and you'll get what 
is called a "squeeze." When this occurs 
you have just about as much speed toward 
the bottom, as you have in "blowing" 
and coming to the top. 

"To help you keep control of your 
buoyancy and to keep "head up,' you have 
a pair of shoes that weigh about 20 pounds 
each, and a leaded leather belt that weighs 
about 110 pounds. Your helmet weighs 
about 20 pounds, your breastplate 14 
and the dress about 20, or a total of about 
200 pounds above your own weight. With 
th; aid of this weight once you are under 
water, you can remain at any desired 
depth. The helmet is fitted with a tele- 
phone receiver, and a transmitter. However 
you have signals that you jerk back and 
forth over your air and life lines, so that 
you can communicate with the surface, in 
case anything goes wrong with the tele- 
phone lines or they are inoperative. 

"In your belt you carry your big diving 
knife, and contrary to the belief of many, 
It is carried to clear yourself in case you 
become fouled, not for protection. I have 
read stories of divers being attacked by 
sharks and octopuses, but I don't think 
much of any of them. I have made several 
hundred dives in all parts of the world, 
including the shark infested waters of 
Guam and the West Indies, and the only 
fish I have ever seen were a few small 
croakers right here in San Diego bay, and 
they were just as afraid of me, as I would 
have been of a shark. 

"The helmet is also fitted with 4 small 
glass windows, in order that you may be 
able to see. However, just about 90% 
of all diving is feel work, as no light will 
penetrate muddy water, and even clear 
water gives you very little visibility. 

"As soon as you are able to carry out 
your task properly at the school in shallow 
water, you are put down deeper, by clos- 
ing and dogging the top of the tank, and 
by air pressure being built up over the 
top of the water. Thus any desired depth 
can be made, up to the tested strength 
of the tank. While working in deep depths 
you usually spend one week diving and 
the next week in the class room where you 
are not only taught the physics of diving 
and how to work out different problems 
in air, but have a miniature submarine 
salvage operation to carry out since sub- 
mirine salvage is the main purpose of the 

"The miniature equipment consists of a 
water filled tank about (> feet lone. 4 feet 
wide and 3 feet deen. A small submarine 
lies on the bottom. On the surface is the 

salvage ship. This must be properly 
moored over the sub, using one anchor 
over each quarter, and one over each bow. 
Then you connect a descending line to the 
gun on the bow of the sub for the diver 
to descend on. The diver first connects the 
telephone connection with the sub and the 
surface, then the air and soup lines to each 
of the compartments. These are to keep 
the crew alive until you can raise them. 
Then comes the sinking of the miniature 
pontoons and the hooking on of the chains 
that have been snaked under the sub. As 
each air line is hooked up it is marked on 
an air manifold volve, so that you can tell 
just where your air is going. The water is 
blown from the pontoons and from the 
flooded compartments in this manner, and 
up she comes. 

"The last two months of the school a 
sub is brought down from New London, 
Conn. The class then goes aboard the 
school's Diving Boat which is equipped in 
the same manner as a salvage ship, and 
each day the submarine submerges in water 
of about 150 feet while you get the actual 
practice on finding the different connec- 
tions on deck and hooking up to them. 
During this period you are also taught 
how to operate the "Bell," which rescued 
26 men from the now sunken Squalus, and 
at this time you are also qualified in the 
use of the lung. 

After graduating from the school I was 
given shore duty at the school and assigned 
Coxswain of the Diving Boat which is 
about 8 5 feet long with a 21 foot beam. 
We were often called on for various jobs 
around Washington, such as recovering 
bodies of drowned persons, burning cables 
from propellers of tugs, raising sunken 
yachts, etc. In 193 3 when the Pennsyl- 
vania R. R. lost its crack train the "Cres- 
cent Limited" in the west branch of the 
Potomac River, we worked night and day 
burning holes in coaches and assisting all 
we could. 

"When my shore duty was completed, 
I voluntarily gave up my designation as 
First Class Diver, and requested duty on 
the then new carrier "Ranger," thinking 
of working with aviation. However, some 
of mv hardest diving was done while on 
the Ranger. I recovered several crashed 

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