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Full text of "Constitution, members, and officers, with portraits and maps"

NYPL 



RESEARCH LIBRABIES 



T'SS 081812640 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/constitutionmembQ1 §oci 



PUBLIC LlBtv^^^ 




Ex-Gov. SIDNEY EDGERTON 



SOCIETY OF 



MONTANA PIONEERS 



CONSTITUTION, MEMBERS, 
AND OFFICERS, WITH POR- 
TRAITS AND MAPS 



VOLUME I 



REGISTER 



1 



EDITED BY 

JAMES U. SANDERS, SECRETARY 

MDCCCXCIX 



PUBLICii.: 

S'rd323 

ASTOR, JLENOX AND 
TlJLDfiW FOUNDATIONS I 



Copyright, 1899, 

BY THE 

SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS 




OFFICERS 



1898-1899 



President, Henry Elling 

Secretary, James U. Sanders 

Treasurer, Anton M. Holter - 

Executive Committee, Ex-Officio: 
Henry Elling, President, 
James U. Sanders, Secretary, 
Anton M. Holter, Treasurer. 

Appointed Members: 
Cornelius Hedges 
William Thompson 

Committee on Credentials: 

Wilbur F. Sanders 
William W. Morris - 
Henry M. Parchen 



Virginia City 

- Helena 

-Helena 



Helena 
Butte 

Helena 
- Pony 
Helena 



**The men who made this great 
enterprise a possibility, who paved 
the way for to-day's event were 
the Pioneers, who left the luxu- 
ries and pleasures of the East and 
braved danger in a thousand forms 
to come here and make these moun- 
tains habitable.'^ 

— General U. S. Grant, at the com' 
pletion of the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road at Gold Creek, Deer Lodge 
County, September 8th, i88j. 



[y^^l^l^ 



rir\ 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Officers xi 

Preface xvii-xx 

Officers, State Society 1884-99 xxi-xxvi 

Officers, County Societies xxvii-xxx 

Officers, Society of Sons and Daughters xxx 

Constitution and Amendments xxxi-xxxii 

Montana 33-43 

Members 

Beaverhead County 45-5^ 

Broadwater County 56-62 

Carbon County 62 

Cascade County 62-66 

Choteau County 67-70 

Custer County 70-72 

Dawson County 72 

Deer Lodge County 72-92 

Fergus County 92-94 

Flathead County 94-95 

Gallatin County 95-1 19 

Granite County 11 9-1 2 1 

Jefferson County 122-130 

Lewis and Clarke County 1 30-1 71 

Madison County 1 7 1-202 

Meagher County 203-206 

Missoula County 206-2 1 3 

Park County 21 3-2 1 6 

Ravalli County 216-224 

Silver Bow County 225-242 

Sweet Grass County 242 

Teton County 243-245 

Yellowstone County 246-247 

Recapitulation 249 

Index J. . . . 251-262 

(xiii) 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 



Sidney Edgerton Frontispiece 



James Fergus, President, 1884. 

Mrs. James Fergus 

C. S. Ingersoll 

C. A. Broadwater 

H. Kirkendall 

D. H . Weston 

H. F. Edgar 



OPPOSITE 
PAGB 



XXI 



Walter W. DeLacy, Pre5.,i88s 

Amede Bessette 

J. R. Quigley 

C. W. Cannon 

William Mayger 

G. W. Blackman 

Mrs. a. C. Blackman 



Granville Stuart, Pres., 1886 

J. F. Bishop 

J. B. Williams 

Helen P. Clarke 

E. W. McNeal 

George Gohn 

A. G. England 



Frank H. Woody, Pres., 1887. 

Cornelius Bray 

W. W. Alderson 

S. H. Crounse ^ 

W. L. MiLLEGAN 

Mrs. M. a. Millegan 

F. G. Higgins 



Wilbur F. Sanders, /»re.s., 1888 

Mrs. H. p. Sanders 

J. H. Kennedy 

H . A. MiLOT 

A. Graham 

F. L. WORDEN 

E. W. TooLE 

(xiv) 



37 



49 



60 



78 



Anton M. Holter, Pres., 1889 

George Millen 

Matthew McGuirk 

C. D. Curtis 

H. M. Parchen 

S. P. Grim 

Mary M. Grim 



William A. Clark, Pres., 1890 
A. F. Wright 

F. M. Durfee 

H. W. English 

Charles Rumley 

Alphonse Marion 

G. A. Bruffey 



Samuel Word, Pres 1891 

G. W. Lovell 

G. W. Morse 

T. W. Fisher 

W. A. Rumsey 

W. W. Morris 

J. S. Robertson 



Walter Cooper, Pres., 1892-3 

T. E. Collins 

J. J. Hall 

Mrs. J. J. Hall ' 

J. U. Sanders 

John Reed 

T. B. Gardner 



OPPOSITE 
PAGB 



99 



116 



133 



158 



J. T. Conner, Pres 

Ira Myers 

W. V. Myers 

W. C. Gillette 

W. E. Sanders 

R. A. Pelkey, Jr 

D. A. G. Flowerree. 



.1894 



175 



LIST OF PORTRAITS 



XV 



Conrad Kohrs, Pres 1895 

George Travis 

Mrs. C. Addoms 

S. T, Hauser 

J. H. Shober 

C. W. Cook 

O . B. Whitford 

William L. Steele, Pres., 1896 

Robert Vaughn , 

Elizur Beach 

Cornelius Hedges 

W. Y. SiMONTON 

D. E. FoLSOM 

J. E. Hall 



OPPOSITE 
PAGE 



•• 193 



, 229 



NiCKOLAS Kessler, Pres., 1897 

W. B. S. Higgins 

W. M. Bishop 

L. H. Hershfield 

J. C. Sloss 

William Berkin 

Mrs. N. Collins 

Henry Elling, Pres 1898 

John Bielenberg 

J. X. Beidler 

James King 

Mrs. C. p. VanWart 

Will Cave 

A. T. Ford 



OPPOSITB 
PAGE 



r ■■■ 235 



r ■ 



248 



LIST OF MAPS 



OPPOSITE 
PAGE 



Montana, by W. W. DeLacy, i 865 xiii 

Counties 

Beaverhead 45 

Broadwater 56 

Carbon 62 

Cascade 63 

Choteau ^7 

Custer 70 

Dawson 72 

Deer Lodge 73 

Fergus 92 

Flathead 94 

Gallatin 96 

Granite 119 

Jefferson 122 

Lewis and Clarke 130 

Madison 171 

Meagher 203 

Missoula 206 

Park 213 

Ravalli 216 

Silver Bow 225 

Sweet Grass 242 

Teton 244 

Valley 245 

Yellowstone 246 



LIST OF VIEWS 



Fort Benton 68 

Bison 143 

WORDEN AND COMPANY, HeLL GaTE RONDE 208 

Fort Owen 220 

(xvi) 



PREFACE 



THIS volume is the result of an effort to form a Society of Pioneers of 
Montana, gathering within its membership all those who came as 
early as 1864. Owing to the size of the State and their widely dis- 
persed settlement the attempt has not been altogether a success. Possibly 
the indifference of some has operated to add to the incompleteness of 
the book which claims to be little more than a Register of that Society 
with the addition of some names of those early pioneers who are dead 
or who left the territory, and who are indebted to the thoMghtfulness of 
partial friends for a place in this Domesday Book of Adventurers. It 
has been the desire of those who have prepared it to make it a complete 
catalogue of all those pioneers who would signify their desire to have a 
place with their countrymen by joining the society, and a vast volume of 
correspondence has been necessary to gather the names herein contained. 
Of the twelve thousand adventurers in 1863 and the thirty thousand in 
1864 who visited this besieged and isolated territory, a large proportion 
made Montana a way station on their journey to other lands, but a goodly 
number abided in its borders and have aided in its wonderful development 
and progress. Those who did remain saw at an early day that the diver- 
sities of its immigration, the variety of their avocations, their spirit of 
enterprise and adventure, the crowning and stern tragedy which evolved 
social order, and the strange and thrilling epoch of its early life would 
make its history one of absorbing interest. They incorporated at the 
earliest opportunity the Historical Society of Montana, and charged it 
with the onerous duty of gathering from oral tradition and other sources 
the meager tale of action along the springs of the Missouri, the Colum- 
bia, and the Yellowstone, during the first two-thirds of the Nineteenth 
Century. That society thinking that an open door to its portals might 
enervate it by admitting everyone to its management, who, making it a 
plaything for a day would then lose interest in its purposes, adopted an 
organization of exclusiveness and maintained it for a quarter of a century 
with no inconsiderable success. The Pioneers of the State were, however, 
of the opinion that there was room for another society more popularly 
organized and hence, in 1884, pursuant to a call for that purpose, they 
brought forth " The Society of Montana Pioneers." It was not designed 
in any degree to rival the Historical Society. Some circumstances have 
M. P.-2 (xvii) 



xviii SOCIETY OF 

conspired to give adventitious aid to the Pioneers and the Society is made 
to feel an increasing interest in its purposes. It is designed to issue 
another edition of this volume when a more complete membership shall 
have been procured. To this end they invoke an intenser interest in its 
organization from those who may join to the end that in its membership 
may be included all who are eligible thereto. It is not improbable that 
a later date will be fixed than 1864 as the period of residence required 
for eligibility to membership, and the Society has it in contemplation to 
issue a volume containing a series of papers on early life in Montana, 
written by its members, each of whom from his own standpoint and in 
his own way will tell the activities which he beheld and the emotions 
which swayed him and his fellow pioneers, as the commonwealth gradu- 
ally emerged from Chaos to Cosmos, so far as perfect order has yet been 
attained. If this volume is unpretentious, it is not because the Pioneers 
are not proud of what in their day and generation has been accom- 
plished, and they fondly expect in another form to commend to the 
State the story of sacrifice and struggle out of which so noble a com- 
monwealth has grown. The early settlers of Montana had long had it in 
contemplation to form a Society of Pioneers, but the wide unoccupied 
spaces which separated, long delayed the consummation of their cherished 
purpose. Mr. John Russell Wilson, one of the earliest adventurers in 
this portion of Idaho, long connected with the Press of the Territory, 
finally gave form and unity to this purpose by promulgating and pub- 
lishing the following call : — 

pioneers' association 

[It having been suggested and urged by a large number of the Pioneers of Montana 

that the undersigned issue a call for the assembly of the Pioneers of Montana for the 

purpose of organizing a Pioneers' Association or Society, the task is heartily undertaken 

under the belief that it will bring forth good fruit. I have been unable, thus far, to see 

or hear from many of the Pioneers, and in appending their names to the call I do it 

from the fact that I am personally acquainted with nearly all of them, and by virtue of 

acquaintance take the liberty of using their names. To Col. W. F. Sanders, of Helena, 

Hon. Washington Stapleton, of Butte, and Hon. Joe A. Browne, of Darling, I am under 

obligations for timely suggestions. To Captain Mills, of the Deer Lodge, Ne-w North West, 

I am indebted for timely hints. The brethren of the Territorial Press will contribute 

toward the success of organizing a Pioneers' Association by giving the following call as 

much publicity as in their judgment may seem most meet and proper. — 

JOHN RUSSELL WILSON]. 
Dillon, Montana, July 26th, 1884. 

CALL FOR A PIONEERS* ASSOCIATION 

All pioneer citizens of Montana who were residents within its limits at the date of 
the creation of the Territory — May 26th, 1864 — are cordially invited to attend a meeting 
to be held at the Court House, in the city of Helena, the capital of the Territory, on 
Wednesday, September loth, 1884, at 10 o'clock a. m. (the day being during Fair week), for 
the purpose of organizing a Pioneers' Association or Society of Pioneers. This society- 
will not be organized in any hostility to or as a rival of the Historical Society, but in its 



MONTANA PIONEERS xix 

scope and purpose it will radically differ from that corporation. While it is probable 
that membership will be permitted to those reaching Montana at a more recent date than 
the 26th of May, 1864, it has been thought best to confine the present call to those who 
were here at the time Montana was created a Territory by Act of Congress. 

The time indicated will be fitting for the organization of an association. The events 
of our early or pioneer history are rapidly fading from the memory of Montanians. The 
actors themselves — scattered to nearly every part of the habitable earth — are as rapidly 
passing away. Change has already been ineffaceably impressed upon all of the domain 
west of the Missouri River. Nowhere is that change more marked than within the limits 
of our own peerless Montana. The isolation of the past has been broken by the welcome 
invasion of the iron horse forever. The tragic chapters of our pioneer history have all 
been written and recorded. We have aided in planting a civilization and a common- 
wealth on the headwaters of the mighty Missouri and on the babbling brooks and streams 
that feed the Columbia of the West. The merciless Indian savage has been subdued and 
subjected to the rules and regulations of our own civilization. The epoch of highway 
robberies has passed away. No weary weeks are required to reach our once isolated 
Montana, for railway trains have superseded the rickety coaches and snail-like ox-team 
expresses. We are no longer dependent on Mormon supplies, but can now reach to the 
far West and distant East for all our needs. 

The strange and exceptional environment which made Pioneers responsible for order 
and good government in the absence of law, and tested the courage, prudence, integrity, 
fortitude, intelligence and inventive genius of old-time Montanians has forever passed 
away. We are entering upon an era which is to be the second chapter of our history. 
Pioneers will be pardoned by the pilgrim or newcomer for clinging with a vivid, 
refreshed, and affectionate memory to the changeless Pioneer Past, and for recalling with 
feelings akin to pride the days that are no more. The panorama of human progress, 
from semi-barbarous life to our present culture, has moved before our eyes and its 
responsible actors have achieved more than we appreciate, and for which they will never 
be properly credited. 

The coming meeting will be the occasion for retrospection and congratulation. It 
will add new but light responsibilities to the Pioneers, and most assuredly it will be pro- 
ductive of gratifying results. Once organize the Society and yearly thereafter it will be 
a proud day in the memory of each Pioneer when he recalls the event of its organization. 
Pioneers included in this call and those who desire to sign the same and attend the 
meeting hereby called are respectfully requested to send their names to Mr. Charles 
Rumley, at Helena. 

In addition it has been suggested that Pioneers prepare papers relating their early 
experiences to be read at the forthcoming meeting. 

BEAVERHEAD COUNTY PIONEERS 

Joe A. Browne, Adam Fink, Henry S. Pond, 

Gus. F. Graeter, .John Sutherland, David Contois, 

George M. Brown, E. Smith Ball, John C. Innis, 

Con. Bray, G. W. Emerich, Andrew Barber, 

James Harby, James Mansfield, A. H. Odell, 

Wilson Wadhams, Phil. Lovell, Wm. Roe, 
H. Brundage, John R. Wilson. 

LEWIS AND CLARKE COUNTY 

Wm. Chumasero, Samuel Schwab, E. W. Toole, 

Wilbur F. Sanders, A. M. Holter, George Steell, 

Daniel H. Weston, Sam. T. Hauser, J. Armitage, 

Sidney C. Edgerton, W. C. Gillette, Walter W. DeLacy, 

J. X. Beidler, Charles Rumley, D. A. G. Flowerree, John H. Ming. 



XX SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS 

MISSOULA COUNTY 

J. Menterey, Frank H. Woody, C. P. Higgins, 

C. C. O'Keefe, Frank L. Worden, W. J. McCormick, 

A. S. Blake, D. O'Keefe. 

GALLATIN COUNTY 

John S. Mendenhall, Nelson Story, D. E. Rouse, 

Frank Dunbar, W. W. Alderson. 

MEAGHER COUNTY 
James Fergus, Granville Stuart, D. E. Folsom, John M. Wood. 

MADISON COUNTY 
N. J. Davis, R. O. Hickman, James Williams. 

SILVER BOW COUNTY 
G. W. Stapleton, Thomas M. Robbins, Caleb E. Irvine, James King. 

CHOTEAU COUNTY 
E. G. Maclay, Matthew Carroll, James M. Arnoux. 

YELLOWSTONE COUNTY 
P. W. McAdow. 

JEFFERSON COUNTY 
W. H. Parkinson. 

DEER LODGE COUNTY 
Con. Kohrs. 

Pursuant to this notice a goodly number of the early residents of the 
country met during what elsewhere is called " The Harvest Festival " and 
organized this Society. While the attendance upon its meeting has not 
been numerous they have possessed an abiding interest as the actors in 
the stirring scenes of our early days, as they have been recounted by 
those competent to speak from personal observation. The Pioneer of 
Montana needs no eulogy nor words of praise. Sz monumentum requiris, 
circumspice. 



THE NEV/ voPK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LENOX 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 




H. F. EDGAR 
D. H. WESTON 



C. S. INGERSOLL 
,.. ^^ C. A. BROADWATER 

JAMES FERGUS, President, 1884 

MRS. JAMES FERGUS 
H. KIRKENDALL 



STATE SOCIETY 



OFFICERS 1884 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Choteau 
Custer 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Gallatin 
Jefferson - 



President 

Recording Secretary 
Corresponding Secretary 
Treasurer 



James Fergus 

George W. Irvin, II. 

- Wilbur F. Sanders 

Samuel T. Hauser 



Vice Presidents i 



Joseph A. Browne 

James M. Arnoux 

Thomas H. Irvine 

John X. Beidler 

Conrad Kohrs 

John Potter 

Enoch Wilson 



Counties 

Lewis and Clarke - Walter W. DeLacy 

Madison ... Henry H. Mood 

Meagher - - - - Granville Stuart 

Missoula - - Christopher P. Higgins 

Silver Bow - - - Caleb E. Irvine 

Yellowstone - - Perry W. McAdow 



OFFICERS 188^ 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Choteau 
Custer 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus - 
Gallatin - 



President 

Recordi?ig Secretary 
Corresponding Secretary 
Treasurer 



Walter W. DeLacy 

- John Russell Wilson 

Cornelius Hedges 

Samuel T. Hauser 



Vice Presidefits: 



Joseph A. Browne 

Jesse F. Taylor 

Thomas H. Irvine 

John X. Beidler 

Charles F. Mussigbrod 

- James Fergus 

Vardaman A. Cockerill 



Counties 
Jefferson 

Lewis and Clarke 
Madison 
Meagher - 
Missoula 
Silver Bow 
Yellowstone 



Nathaniel Merriman 

- Charles Rumley 

James Williams 

- Granville Stuart 

- Frank H. Woody 
William Y. Pemberton 

- Perry W. McAdow 

(xxi) 



XXll 



SOCIETY OF 



OFFICERS 1886 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Choteau 
Custer 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus - 
Gallatin - 



President 

Recording Secretary 
CorrespondtJig Secretary 
Treasurer 



Granville Stuart 

James U. Sanders 

Cornelius Hedges 

Samuel T. Hauser 



Vice Presidents : 



Charles Blivens 

Edgar G. Maclay 

John C. Guy 

John X. Beidler 

Thomas Griffith 

William Berkin 

Nelson Story 



Counties 
Jefferson 

Lewis and Clarke 
Madison 
Meagher - 
Missoula 
Silver Bow 
Yellowstone • 



- Enoch Wilson 

Anton M. Holter 

- George A. Bruffey 

J. E. Murray 

Washington J. McCormick 

- George W. Stapleton 

Paul McCormick 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Gallatin 



President 
Secretary - 
Treasurer 



OFFICERS 1887 



Frank H. Woody 

James U. Sanders 

Samuel T. Hauser 



Vice Presidents : 



E. Smith Ball 

Camillus Imoda 

Timothy E. Collins 

John C. Guy 

- John X. Beidler 
- Conrad Kohrs 

- Granville Stuart 
George W. Krattcer 



Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 

Silver Bow 
Yellowstone 



- J. A. Culver 

Harvey W. English 

Alexander Metzel 

Henry Whaley 

Abraham S. Blake 

Matthias Mounts 

William Y. Pemberton 

- R. W. Peters 



OFFICERS 1888 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Gallatin 



President 

Secretary 
Treasurer 



Wilbur F. Sanders 
Cornelius Hedges 
Samuel T. Hauser 



Vice Presidents: 



Joseph A. Browne 

Timothy E. Collins 

R. S. Tingley 

Charles Walker 

William Lowe 

A. Hardenbrook 

- Granville Stuart 

Vardaman A. Cockerill 



Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula 
Park 

Silver Bow 
Yellowstone 



- John J. Hall 

Anton M. Holter 

John S. Lott 

C.W.Cook 

Washington J. McCormick 

T. C. Burns 

- George W. Irvin, IL 

- J. Isaac Allen 



MONTANA PIONEERS 



XXlll 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Gallatin 



OFFICERS 1889 



President 

Secretary - 
Treasurer 



Anton M. Holter 

Cornelius Hedges 

Theodore H. Kleinschmidt 



Vice Presidetits: 



Philip Lovell 

T. L. Gorham 

Jacob Smith 

- Thomas H. Irvine 

William Lowe 

- Robert S. Kelley 
- Andrew Fergus 

William W. Alderson 



Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 

Silver Bow 
Yellowstone 



Enoch Wilson 

John H. Shober 

William W. Morris 

Henry Whaley 

Peter Ronan 

- F. F. Fridley 

William A. Clark 

George E. Breckenridge 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Gallatin 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



OFFICERS 1890 



William A. Clark 

Cornelius Hedges 

Henry M. Parchen 



Vice Presidents : 



- Robert T. Wing 

Robert Vaughn 

Malcolm Morrow 

Thomas H. Irvine 

Edward Coombes 

Robert S. Kelley 

- Andrew Fergus 

Walter Cooper 



Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 

Silver Bow 
Yellowstone 



Enoch Wilson 

- Charles D. Curtis 

H. Clay Harrison 

David E. Folsom 

-Frank H. Woody 

H. J. Hoppe 

George W. Stapleton 

- Alfred Myers 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Gallatin 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



OFFICERS 1891 



Samuel Word 

Cornelius Hedges 

Theodore H. Kleinschmidt 



Vice Presidetits i 



Joseph A. Browne 

Nathan Gibson 

Alfred B. Hamilton 

B. F. Green 

William Lowe 

- Samuel Scott 

- Andrew Fergus 

William W. Alderson 



Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 

Silver Bow 
Yellowstone - 



Edward Ryan 

John H. Shober 

- John T. Conner 

Henry Whaley 

Joseph E. Marion 

- W. M. Wright 

William Y. Pemberton 

- Paul McCormick 



XXIV 



SOCIETY OF 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Gallatin 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



OFFICERS 1892 



Walter Cooper 
Charles D. Curtis 
Cornelius Hedges 



Vice Presidents: 



Joseph A. Browne 

Ira Myers 

Alfred B. Hamilton 

William Grimes 

William Lowe 

Richard T. Kennon 

- Andrew Fergus 

J. S. Mendenhall 



Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 

Silver Bow 
Yellowstone 



- William C. Whaley 

John R. Sanford 

- John T. Conner 

- Alexander Gibson 

Christopher C. O'Keefe 

- W. M. Wright 

- George W. Irvin, H. 

Paul McCormick 



OFFICERS 1893 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Flathead 
Gallatin - 
Granite 
Jefferson - 



President 

Secretary ■ 
Treasurer 



Walter Cooper 

Charles D. Curtis 

Cornelius Hedges 



Vice Prcsidcn ts : 



Joseph A. Browne 

Ira Myers 

Alfred B. Hamilton 

Christian C. Harcum 

William Lowe 

- Richard T. Kennon 

- Andrew Fergus 

Thomas Lynch 

- J. S. Mendenhall 
David M. Dunkelberg 

William C. Whaley 



Counties 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park - 
Ravalli 
Silver Bow - 
Teton 
Valley - 
Yellowstone 



John R. Sanford 

- John T. Conner 
- Alexander Gibson 

- A. J. Urlin 

- W. M. Wright 

Joseph S. Blodget 

George W. Irvin, II. 

Henry A. Kennerly 

Rezin Anderson 

- Paul McCormick 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Cascade - 
Choteau 
Custer 
Dawson 



OFFICERS 1894 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



John T. Conner 

Charles D. Curtis 

Theodore H. Kleinschmidt 



Vice Presidents: 



Robert T. Wing 

Ira Myers 

Rufus Payne 

John C. Guy 

- William Lowe 



Counties 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus - 
Flathead - 
Gallatin 
Granite 



- Francis R. Bill 

Andrew Fergus 

- John Leary 

- J. M. Lindley 

Francis M. Durfee 



MONTANA PIONEERS 



XXV 



Counties 
Jefferson 

Lewis and Clarke 
Madison 
Meagher - 
Missoula 
Park - 



- Peter B. Mills 

- S. C. Gilpatrick 
Elmer F. Johnson 

- W. H. Sutherlin 
Frank H. Woody 

- H. J. Hoppe 



Counties 
Ravalli - 
Silver Bow 
Teton 

Valley 
Yellowstone 



■ Thomas W. Harris 

John Caplice 

- George Steell 

Alfred B. Hamilton 

Paul McCormick 



OFFICERS 1895 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Carbon - 
Cascade 
Choteau 
Ctister 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus - 
Flathead - 
Gallatin 
Granite 
Jefferson 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



Conrad Kohrs 

Theophilus Muffly 

Theodore H. Kleinschmidt 



Vice Presi 



Joseph A. Browne 

William T. Hamilton 

John Largent 

- Joseph S. Hill 

Charles Browm 

William Lowe 

Frederick H. Burr 

R. S. Hamilton 

- John H. Powell 

Charles Watterman 

George W. Morse 

- William V. Myers 



doits : 

Counties 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison 
Meagher - 
Missoula 
Park - 
Ravalli - 
Silver Bow 
Sweet Grass 
Teton 
Valley - 
Yellowstone 



Charles D. Curtis 

- William Ennis 
Joseph V. Stafford 

- William Kennedy 

- Fellows D. Pease 

Henry Chambers 

James R. Boyce, Sr. 

Joseph E. Hall 

W. R. Ralston 

- William Lowe 

- J. M. Wood 



OFFICERS 1896 



Counties 
Beaverhead - 
Carbon 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge - 
Fergus 
Flathead 
Gallatin - 
Granite 
Jefferson - 



President 

Secretary 
Treasurer 



William L. Steele 

Theophilus Muffly 

Theodore H. Kleinschmidt 



Vice Presidents: 



Robert T. Wing 

William T. Hamilton 

Timothy E. Collins 

John Hezekiah 

Edward Stoning 

William Lowe 

Allen Kimberly 

- Charles Lehman 

- Louis Demers 

William W. Alderson 

Michael Kaiser 

George Beatty 



Counties 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 

Ravalli - 
Silver Bow - 
Sweet Grass 
Teton - 
Valley 
Yellowstone 



Nickolas Kessler 

- Henry S. Gilbert 
David E. Folsom 

- Henry F. Edgar 
- George A. Bruflfey 

Myron M. Lockwood 

Anthony H. Barrett 

Newton Budd 

- James Gibson 

Perry W. McAdow 

Paul McCormick 



XXVI 



SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS 



OFFICERS 1897 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Broadwater 
Carbon 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Flathead 
Gallatin - 
Granite 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



NiCKOLAS KeSSLER 

Theophilus Muffly 
Theodore H. Kleinschmidt 



Vice Presidents : 

Counties 



- Robert T. Wing 
James R. Weston 

- William T. Hamilton 

Timothy E. Collins 

- Charles E. Duer 
- W. B. S. Higgins 

William Lowe 

- Conrad Kohrs 

- Charles Lehman 

- J. B. Labeau 

- William W. Alderson 

Michael Kaiser 



Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park 
Ravalli 
Silver Bow - 
Sweet Grass 
Teton - 
Valley 
Yellowstone 



George Beatty 

Nicholas Hilger 

- Henry S. Gilbert 

David E. Folsom 

Frank H. Woody 

- George A. Bruffey 

Myron M. Lockwood 

Anthony H. Barrett 

Albert Stubblefield 

- James Gibson 

William Lowe 

Paul McCormick 



OFFICERS 1898 



Counties 
Beaverhead 
Broadwater 
Carbon 
Cascade 
Choteau - 
Custer - 
Dawson 
Deer Lodge 
Fergus 
Flathead 
Gallatin - 
Granite 



President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 



Henry Elling 
James U. Sanders 
Anton M. Holter 



Vice Presi 



- Robert T. Wing 
James R. Weston 

William T. Hamilton 

- Timothy E. Collins 

- Charles E. Duer 

- W. B. S. Higgins 

William Lowe 

- Conrad Kohrs 

- Charles Lehman 

- Louis Demers 
William W. Alderson 

Michael Kaiser 



dents : 

Counties 
Jefferson - 
Lewis and Clarke 
Madison - 
Meagher 
Missoula - 
Park - 
Ravalli 
Silver Bow - 
Sweet Grass 
Teton - 
Valley 
Yellowstone 



George Beatty 
Nicholas Hilger 

- Henry S. Gilbert 
David E. Folsom 

- Frank H. Woody 
- George A. Bruffey 

Myron M. Lockwood 

Anthony H. Barrett 

Newton Budd 

- James^ Gibson 

- Rezin Anderson 
Paul McCormick 



COUNTY SOCIETIES 



PIONEERS' SOCIETY OF BEAVERHEAD COUNTY, MONTANA 

(ORGANIZED 1887) 



1887 
President - - - - Joseph A. Browne 
Vice-President - - Augustus F. Graeter 
Corresponding Secretary - - - - - 

John Russell Wilson 
Recording Secretary - Henry S. Pond 
Treasurer Robert T. Wing 

1888 
President - - . - Joseph A. Browne 
Vice-President - - Augustus F. Graeter 
Correspondittg Secretary ----- 

John Russell Wilson 
Recording Secretary - Henry S. Pond 
Treasurer Robert T. Wing 

1889 

President - W. B. Carter 

Vice-President William Roe 

Recording Secretary - John Russell Wilson 
Treasicrer ------- Philip Lovell 

1890 
Preside?it ------ Philip Lovell 

Vice President - - Joseph Shineberger 
Corresponding Secretary ----- 

John Russell Wilson 

-Recording Secretary - Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer George W. Dart 

1891 
President ------ Philip Lovell 

Vice-President - - Joseph Shineberger 
Corresponding Secretary - - - - - 

John Russell Wilson 
Recording Secretary - Robert T. Wing 
Treasurer George W. Dart 

1892 
President - . . . Joseph A. Browne 

Vice-President ----- Philip Lovell 
Secretary ----- Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer ------ George W. Dart 



1893 
Preside7it - - - - Joseph A. Browne 
Vice-President ----- Philip Lovell 

Secretary Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer - George W. Dart 

1894 
President . . . - Joseph A. Browne 
Vice-President ----- Philip Lovell 

Secretary Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer ------ George W. Dart 

1895 
President ----- Joseph A. Browne 
Vice-President ----- Philip Lovell 

Secretary Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer George W. Dart 

1896 
President - - - - Augustus F. Graeter 
Vice-President ----- William Roe 

Secretary Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer Joseph A. Browne 

1897 
President . - . - Augustus F. Graeter 

Vice-President ----- William Roe 
Secretary ----- Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer Joseph A. Browne 

1898 
President Philip Lovell 

Vice-President William Roe 

Secretary Robert T. Wing 

Treasurer Joseph A. Browne 

1899 

President William Roe 

Vice-President Peter Wilson 

Correspottding Secretary ----- 

Joseph A. Browne 
Recording Secretary and Treasurer 

George W. French 
(xxvii) 



XXVlll 



SOCIETY OF 



GALLATIN COUNTY PIONEER SOCIETY No. i, 
OF THE STATE OF MONTANA 

(ORGANIZED NOVEMBER 23d, 1893) 



1893 
President ------ Walter Cooper 

Vice-Prcstidcnt - - - George D. Thomas 

Sec. and Treasurer - - J. D. McCammon 

1894 
President - - - Charles H. Waterman 
Vice-President - - - - Thomas Lewis 
Sec. and Treasurer - - J. D. McCammon 

1895 

President James H. Gallop 

Vice-President - - - - John T. Ingram 
Secretary and Treasurer John Chrisman 

1896 

President - - - William W. Alderson 
Vice-President - - - - John T. Ingram 
Sec. and Treasurer - Joseph M. Lindlej 



1897 

President John T. Ingram 

Vice-Presidetit B. M. Dawes 

Secretary and Treasurer 

Joseph M. Lindley 

1898 

President A. L. Corbly 

Vice-President - - - - Sanford Ruflfner 
Secretary and Treasurer ----- 

Joseph M. Lindley 

1899 

President Joseph M. Lindley 

Vice-President - - - - Sanford Ruffner 

Secretary a?id Treasurer 

John T. Ingram 



JEFFERSON COUNTY SOCIETY OF PIONEERS 
OF THE STATE OF MONTANA 

(ORGANIZED DECEMBER loth, 1897) 



1897 



President George Benjamin 

Secretary and Treasurer - Peter B. Mills 



1898 

Presidejit ----- George Benjamin 
Secretary and Treasurer - Peter B. Mills 



LEWIS AND CLARKE COUNTY SOCIETY OF 
MONTANA PIONEERS 

(ORGANIZED 1897) 



1897 

President Cornelius Hedges 

Secretary and Treasurer - William Coyne 



1898 

President Cornelius Hedges 

Secretary and Treasurer - William Coyne 



MONTANA PIONEERS 



XXIX 



PIONEER SOCIETY OF MADISON COUNTY 



(ORGANIZED 1888) 



1888 
President - - - - Richard O. Hickman 
Vice-President - - - - Thomas Baker 

Secretary Eugene Stark 

Treasurer James M. Herndon 

1889 
President - - - - Theophilus Muffly 
Vice-President - - - Thomas J. Farrell 
Recording Secretary - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary ----- 

Fayette Harrington 
Treasurer - - - - James M. Herndon 

1890 

President - - - Henry Clay Harrison 
Vice-President ----- Henry Elling 

Recordi?tg Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Correspondiiig Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer - Eugene Stark 

1891 

President - - - Henry Clay Harrison 
Vice-President ----- Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Correspondijig Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer Eugene Stark 

1892 

President - - - Henry Clay Harrison 

Vice-President Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer Eugene Stark 



1893 
President - - - Henry Clay Harrison 

Vice-President Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer - Eugene Stark 

1894 

President - - - Henry Clay Harrison 
Vice-Preside?it ----- Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer ------ Eugene Stark 

1895 
President ------ Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresp07iding Secretary George F. Cope 

Treasurer Eugene Stark 

1896 
President ------ Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer ------ Eugene Stark 

1897 

President Henry Elling 

Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer Eugene Stark 

1898 
Presidettt --..-- Henry Elling 
Recording Secretary - - William A. Clark 
Corresponding Secretary George F. Cope 
Treasurer Eugene Stark 



THE TETON COUNTY SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS 

(ORGANIZED JANUARY 23d, 1895) 



1895 
President - - - Samuel F. Ralston, Sr. 
Vice-President - - - - John H. Evans 
Vice-President - - Alfred B. Hamilton 
Secretary and Historian - Julian F. Burd 
Treasurer John Jackson, Sr. 



1895-6 

President John Hobbins 

Vice-President ----- Hugh Crossin 
Vice-President • - Alfred B. Hamilton 
Secretary and Historian - Julian F. Burd 
Treasurer John Jackson, Sr. 



XXX 



SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS 



1896-7 
President John Hobbins 

Vice-President - - - - Hu<jh Crossin 
Vice-President - - - Alfred B. Hamilton 
Secretary and Historian - Julian F. Burd 
Treasurer ----- John Jackson, Sr. 

1897-8 

President John Ilobbins 

Vice-President Hugh Crossin 



Vice-President - - Alfred B. Hamilton 
Secretary and Historian - Julian F. Burd 
Treasurer ----- John Jackson, Sr. 

1898-9 
President ------ John Hobbins 

Vice-President - - - - Hugh Crossin 

Vice-President- - - Alfred B. Hamilton 
Secretary and Historian - Julian F. Burd 
Treasurer ----- John Jackson, Sr 



SOCIETY OF SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF MONTANA 

PIONEERS 

(ORGANIZED AUGUST i8th, 1892) 



1892 

President Albert I. Loeb 

Secretary - - - Marie L. Kleinschmidt 
Treasurer Charles F. English 

1893 

President Albert I. Loeb 

Secretary - - - Marie L. Kleinschmidt 
Treasurer - - - - Charles F. English 

1894 
President ------ Edward Horsky 

Secretary . - - - Gertude Hickman 
Treasurer Charles Reinig 

1895 
President ----- Frances Jurgens 
Secretary - - - - Cornelius Hedges, Jr. 
Treasurer Retta Clark 



1896 
President ------ Florence Ryan 

Secretary W. B. Thompson 

Treasurer ------ Mae L. Curtis 

1897 

President - - - William B. Thompson 

Secretary Mae L. Curtis 

Treasurer ----- Edward Horsky 

1898 

President ----- Charles N. Kessler 

Secretary - Mae L. Curtis 

Treasurer Clara Kirkendall 



CONSTITUTION 

September nth, 1884 



ARTICLE I. 

This Society shall be known as the Society of Montana Pioneers, 

ARTICLE II. 

All persons who were residents within the Territory on or before May 
26th, 1864, or who had then started from their former homes therefor, 
shall be entitled to become members of the Society, upon preferring a 
written request therefor, and signing; the Constitution and By-Laws of 
the Society. (Repealed August 26th, 1886.) 

ARTICLE III. 

The officers of the Society shall consist of a President, one Vice- 
President in each county of the Territory, a Corresponding Secretary, a 
Recording Secretary, and a Treasurer. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The President, Treasurer, and Corresponding Secretary shall be the 
Executive Committee, whose duty it shall be to have charge of the Society, 
to prepare for publication such material as in their judgment is useful, 
and to make arrangements for the annual meetings of the Society. 

ARTICLE V. 

The annual meeting of the Society shall be held at such time and 
place as in the judgment of the Executive Committee will secure the 
largest attendance and best accommodate the greater number of the mem- 
bers, two weeks published notice thereof being given. 

ARTICLE VI. 

The Officers of the Society shall severally perform the duties usu- 
ally appertaining to their respective offices. Each President and Vice- 
President, in addition thereto, shall at the close of his term of service, 

(xxxi) 



xxxii SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS 

present a paper appertaining to the early history of the settlements of 
Montana, and each member of the Society shall furnish the Recording 
Secretary with his name and age, residence, date and place of birth, the 
date of his arrival in the Territory, from what place he came to the Ter- 
ritory and when he started therefrom. 

ARTICLE VII. 

The Executive Committee, whenever in their judgment it is desired, 
may notify the members of any amount of money which may be required, 
and receive contributions therefor, to be paid to the Treasurer. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

This Constitution may be amended at any Annual Meeting of the 
Society, upon one day's notice, by a vote of a majority of the members 
thereof present. 



AMENDMENTS 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. I. Persons resident in Montana on or before December 31st, A. D. 
1864, and none others shall be eligible to become members of the Society 
of Montana Pioneers, and any motion to suspend, amend or repeal this 
Article shall forever be out of order and shall be so declared by the 
of^cer presiding for the time being, whether the point of order is made 
by a member or not. 

Sec. 2. Persons desiring to become members of the Society shall pre- 
fer a request thereof in writing, containing a statement of their claim 
thereto, which shall be referred to the Committee on Credentials, who 
shall report thereon to the Executive Committee, and if such report be 
in favor of the applicant and the Executive Committee approve of the 
same, such applicant by signing the Constitution shall become a member 
of the Society. 

August 26th, 1S86. 



MONTANA 



THE area of territory embraced within the State of Montana came into 
the possession of the United States through two channels ; that 
part lying east of the Rocky Mountains was a part of the province of 
Louisiana purchased by President Jefferson of Napoleon in 1803 for the 
sum of $11,250,000, and the assumption by the United States of the 
French Spoliation claims thought to amount to $3,750,000. That part 
lying west of the Rocky Mountains formed a portion of the Oregon coun- 
try claimed by the United States as having been acquired by discovery 
in 1792, exploration in 1805, Astoria settlement, 181 1, and the Florida 
Treaty, 18 19. 

Louisiana was first visited by European voyagers in 1541, when 
Fernando De Soto discovered the Mississippi River and penetrated the 
wilds to the west. The next year he returned to the eastward and 
started to sail down the Father of Waters, but on June 5th he died and 
was buried beneath its waves. In 1673 Father Marquette, from Canada, 
with his followers, sailed down the Mississippi to its mouth, but estab- 
lished no settlements. 

In 1682 the first move toward taking possession of the country oc- 
curred, when Robert Cavelier La Salle, a French explorer, 1643-87, on 
February 6th, had embarked on the Mississippi, at the mouth of the 
river Illinois, sailed down the same and on April 9th, reached its mouth 
and raised a column, bearing the Arms of France, and took possession 
of the Valley of the Mississippi from the Alleghanies to the Rocky 
Mountains in the name of Louis XIV., of France, and gave it the name 
of Louisiana. Louisiana remained a French possession for eighty years 
until, on the third day of November, 1762, Louis XV., of France, ceded 
to Charles III., of Spain, Louisiana in the following terms: — 

" His Most Christian Majesty cedes in entire possession, purely and simply, without 
exception, to his Catholic Majesty and his successors in perpetuity, all the country known 
under the name of Louisiana." 

This treaty was kept a secret between the contracting powers for 
many years. Three months later, on February loth, 1763, by the Treaty 
of Paris, France and Spain on the one part, with Great Britain on the 
other, established the boundary between the possessions of Great Britain 

M.P.-3 (33) 



34 SOCIETY OF 

and Louisiana as a " line drawn along the middle of the river Mississippi, 
from its source to the river Iberville." 

By Article IV. of a treaty between the United States of America and 
the King of Spain, entered into October 27th, 1795, it was provided: — 

"It is likewise agreed that the western boundary which separates them from the 
Spanish colony of Louisiana, is in the middle of the channel or bed of the river Mississ- 
ippi, from the northern boundary of the said states to the completion of the thirty-first 
degree of latitude north of the equator. . . ." 

By the treaty of San Ildefonso, October ist, 1800, His Catholic 
Majesty promises and engages on his part to retrocede to the French 
Republic, . . . The colony or province of Louisiana with the same 
extent it now has in the hands of Spain, and that it had when France 
possessed it, and such as it should be after the treaty subsequently en- 
tered into between Spain and other states. 

France did not take possession of the province of Louisiana until 
about the 23d of November, 1803, at New Orleans, when the Spanish 
troops were withdrawn, the key of the city surrendered by the Spanish 
Governor and the Spanish colors lowered as the emblem of France was 
raised over the city, and the sovereignty of France recognized over the 
the province. 

The following are the terms of the most important articles of the 
treaty between the United States of America and the French Republic, 
signed at Paris, April 30th, 1803: — 

The President of the United States of America, and the First Consul of the French 
Republic, in the name of the French people, desiring to remove all source of misunder- 
standing relative to the objects of discussion mentioned in the second and fifth articles 
of the Convention of the 8th Vendemiaire an. 9 (30th September, 1800) relative to the 
rights claimed by the United States, in virtue of the treaty concluded at Madrid, the 27th 
of October, 1795, between his Catholic Majesty and the said United States, and willing to 
strengthen the union and friendship . . . between the two nations, have respectively 
named their plenipotentiaries to wit, . . Robert R. Livingston and James Monroe, 

and Citizen Francis Barbe Marbois. 4 

Art. L — Whereas by the Article, the third of the treaty, concluded at St. Ildefonso, 
the 9th Vendemiaire, an. 9 (ist of October, 1800) between the First Consul of the French 
Republic and his Catholic Majesty, it was agreed as follows: "His Catholic Majesty 
promises and engages on his part, to retrocede to the French Republic, six months after 
the full and entire execution of the conditions and stipulations herein relative to his royal 
highness the Duke of Parma, the colony or province of Louisiana, with the same extent 
that it now has in the hands of Spain, and that it had when France possessed it; and 
such as it should be after the treaties subsequently entered into between Spain and other 
states." 

And whereas, in pursuance of the treaty and particularly of the third article, the 
French Republic has an incontestable title to the domain and to the possession of the said 
territory. The First Consul of the French Republic desiring to give to the United States 
a strong proof of his friendship, doth hereby cede to the United States, in the name of 
the French Republic forever and in full sovereignty, the said territory with all its rights 
and appurtenances, as fully and in the same manner as they have been acquired by the 
French Republic in virtue of the above mentioned treaty, concluded with his Catholic 
Majesty. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 35 

Art. II. — Included in the cession all adjacent islands belonging to Louisiana, all pub- 
lic lots and squares, vacant lands, and public buildings, fortifications, barracks, and other 
edifices not private property, archives, papers and documents, relative to the domain and 
sovereignty of Louisiana, and its dependencies, to be left in the possession of the com- 
missaries of the United States. 

Art. III. — The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated into the Union 
of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the 
Federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities of 
citizens of the United States. 

Art. IV. — Provided that a commissary of the government of France should be sent to 
Louisiana, as well to receive from the officers of his Catholic Majesty the said country 
and its dependencies, in the name of the French Republic, if it has not been already 
done, as to transmit it in the name of the French Republic to the commissary or agent 
of the United States. 

Art. V. — Immediately after the ratification of this treaty by both parties the commis- 
sary of the French Republic shall remit all military posts of the ceded territory to the 
commissary or commissaries of the United States to take possession. 

Art. VI. — The United States promise to execute all treaties entered into between 
Spain and the tribes and nations of Indians. 

On October 31st, 1803, Congress passed an Act to enable the Presi- 
dent of the United States to take possession of the territories ceded by 
France to the United States, by the treaty concluded at Paris, on the 
thirtieth day of April last ; and for the temporary government thereof, 
which provided that, — 

"The President may for that purpose, and in order to maintain in the said territories 
the authority of the United States, employ any part of the army and navy of the United 
States . . . which he may deem necessary. . . . That until the expiration of the 
present session of Congress, unless provision for the temporary government of the said 
territories be sooner made by Congress, all the military, civil, and judicial powers, exer- 
cised by the officers of the existing government of the same, shall be vested in such per- 
son and persons, and shall be exercised in such manner, as the President of the United 
States shall direct for maintaining and protecting the inhabitants of Louisiana in the free 
enjoyment of their liberty, property, and religion." 

It was not, as is seen above, until after the above treaty had been 
entered into, that France took possession of the province of Louisiana 
under the treaty of San Ildefonso, and by Article IV. of her treaty of 
cession to the United States, above quoted, she had provided that her 
commissary who should go to Louisiana and transmit the province to 
the commissary of the United States, should receive the same from Spain, 
" if it has not been already done." 

Within a month after she received said province from Spain, or on 
the 20th of December, 1803, the flag of France was lowered and the 
Stars and Stripes raised over New Orleans, and the American Army 
took possession of the province and the French prefect in retiring an- 
nounced: — 

" In conformity with the treaty, I put the United States in possession of Louisiana 
and its dependencies. The citizens and inhabitants who wish to remain here and obey 
the laws are from this moment exonerated from the oath of fidelity to the French Repub- 
lic." 



36 SOCIETY OF 

The American Governor William C C. Claiborne issued a proclama- 
tion declaring that the government previously exercised over the province 
by Spain and by France had ceased and that of the United States was 
established over the same. At the same time he said — 

"The cession secures to you and your descendants the inheritance of liberty, perpet- 
ual laws, and magistrates whom you will elect yourselves." 

When in 1803 the expedition of Lewis and Clarke reached the Missis- 
sippi, France had not yet received the surrender from Spain of the 
"Village" of St. Louis and the Spanish Commandant successfully ob- 
jected to the entry on the soil yet supposed by him to be under the 
dominion of Spain of a military expedition of the United States, but 
during the winter the complications were straightened out and in the 
spring of 1804 they started on their voyage of discovery and explora- 
tion of the newly purchased domain. 

On March 26th, 1804, Congress passed an Act erecting Louisiana into 
two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof, 
which provided — 

" That all that portion of country ceded by France to the United States, under the 
name of Louisiana, which lies south of the Mississippi Territory, and of an east and 
west line, to commence on the Mississippi River, at the thirty- third degree of north 
latitude, and to extend west to the western boundary of the said cession, shall constitute 
a territory of the United States, under the name of the Territory of Orleans. . . ." 

Sec. 12. — The residue of the province of Louisiana, ceded to the United States, shall 
be called the District of Louisiana, the government whereof shall be organized and admin- 
istered as follows : The executive power now vested in the governor of the Indiana Terri- 
tory* shall extend to and be exercised in the said District of Louisiana. . . . The 
judges of the Indiana Territory, or any two of them, shall hold annually two courts within 
the said district. . . . 

Sec. 16. — The Act passed on the thirty-first day of October, one thousand eight hun- 
dred and three . . . shall continue in force until the first day of October next . 
on which said first day of October, this Act shall commence and have full force, and shall 
continue in force for and during the term of one year, and to the end of the next session 
of Congress which may happen thereafter. 

March 3d, 1805, Congress enacted: — 

"That all that part of the country ceded by France to the United States, under 
the general name of Louisiana, which by an Act of the last session of Congress, was 
erected into a separate district, to be called the District of Louisiana, shall henceforth be 
known and designated by the name and title of the Territory of Louisiana. 

Sec. 10. — That so much of an Act, entitled 'An Act erecting Louisiana into two ter- 
ritories, and providing for the temporary government thereof,' as is repugnant to this 
Act, shall, from and after the fourth day of July next, be repealed, on which said fourth 
day of July, this Act shall commence and have full force." 

On June 4th, 1812, an Act providing for the government of the Ter- 
ritory of Missouri became a law, providing — 

"That the territory heretofore called Louisiana shall hereafter be called Missouri." 

*W. H. Harrison, afterwards President of the United States, was Governor of Indiana 
Territory, 1800-1 1 . 




C. W. CANNON 



WILLIAM MAYGER 



MRS. A. C. BLACKMAN 

WALTER W. DeLACY, President, 1885 

G. W. BLACKMAN 



J. R. QUIGLEY 



AMEDE BESSETTE 



MONTANA PIONEERS 37 

As showing the knowledge and population of the country at the time, 
the following provisions of the law are interesting and instructive: — 

The Council shall be composed as follows : As soon as representatives shall be 
elected they shall be convened by the Governor, as hereafter prescribed, and when met, 
shall nominate eighteen persons, residents in the said territory one year preceding their 
nomination, holding no office of profit under the territory or the United States, the office 
of the justice of the peace excepted, and each possessing in his own right two hundred 
acres of land therein, and return the names to the President of the United States, nine of 
whom the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint and 
commission for the residue of the term ; and every five years like nominations shall be 
made and returned to the President and appointments made. House of Representatives to 
be elected every two years, one representative for every five hundred free white male in- 
habitants and progressively increase until the representatives shall amount to twenty-five. 
Governor to call elections and to lay out counties. Representatives elected shall be con- 
vened by the Governor in the town of St. Louis, on the first Monday in December next. 
Legislature to convene annually at St. Louis on the first Monday in December. The laws 
of the territory of Louisiana continued in force. The Act was to take effect December 
ist, 1812. 

The organization of the state of Missouri, March 6th, 1820. Resolu- 
tion of Congress, March 2d, 182 1, and Proclamation of the President, Au- 
gust lOth, 1821, left the western portion of the territory of Missouri 
without any organized government. Treaty of Ghent, between his Brit- 
tanic Majesty and the United States of America, December 24th, 1814, 
ratified February 17th, 181 5, provided that — 

"All territory, places and possessions whatsoever, taken by either party from the 
other, during the war, or which may be taken after the signing of this treaty, excepting 
only the islands hereinafter mentioned, shall be restored without delay." 

Under the terms of this treaty Great Britain relinquished all claim 
to the Astoria settlements near the mouth of the Columbia River, known 
as Fort George. By treaty between the United States of America and 
his Catholic Majesty signed at Washington, February 22d, 1819, and rati- 
fied, October 24th, 1820, by Spain and by the United States, February 
19th, 1 82 1, it was agreed: 

"To settle and determine all differences and pretensions by a treaty which shall des- 
ignate, with precision, the limits of their respective bordering territories in North 
America." 

It was provided as follows in 

Art. III. — The boundary line between the two countries west of the Mississippi, shall 
begin on the Gulph of Mexico, at the mouth of the river Sabine, in the sea, continuing 
north along the western bank of that river to the 32d degree of latitude ; thence by a 
line due north, to the degree of latitude where it strikes the Rio Roxo of Nachitoches, or 
Red River; then following the course of the Rio Roxo westward to the degree of lon- 
gitude 100 west from London and 23 from Washington ; then, crossing the said Red River, 
and running thence, by a line due north to the river Arkansas; thence following the 
course of the southern bank of the Arkansas, to its source, in latitude 42 north ; and 
thence by that parallel of latitude to the South Sea. But if the source of the Arkansas 
River shall be found to fall north or south of latitude 42, then the line shall run from 



38 SOCIETY OF 

the said source due south or north, as the case may be, till it meets the said parallel of 
latitude 42, and thence along the said parallel to the South Sea. (Pacific Ocean.) 

A treaty known as the Ashburton Treaty, signed at Washington, 
August 9th, 1842, by Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, and Right Hon- 
orable Lord Ashburton, to settle and define the boundaries between the 
territories of the United States and the possessions of her Brittanic 
Majesty in North America, and ratified at London, August 22d, 1842, pro- 
vided as follows in — 

Art. II. — It is moreover agreed that from the place where the joint commi.'^sion termi- 
nated their labors, under the sixth article of the treaty of Ghent, to wit : At a point in 
the Neebish channel, near Muddy Lake, the line shall run into and along the ship channel 
between St. Joseph and St. Tammany Islands, to the division of the channel at or near 
the head of St. Joseph's Island; thence turning eastwardly and northwardly around the 
lower end of St. George's or Sugar Island, and following the middle of the channel 
which divides St. George's from St. Joseph's Island ; thence up the East Neebish channel, 
nearest to St. George's Island, through the middle of Lake George; thence west of 
Jonas' Island into St. Mary's River to a point in the middle of that river about one 
mile above St. George's or Sugar Island, so as to appropriate and assign the said island 
to the United States; thence, adopting line traced on the map by the commissioners, 
through the river St. Mary and Lake Superior to a point north of He Royale, in said 
lake, one hundred yards to the north and east of He Chapeau, which last mentioned is- 
land lies near the northeastern point of He Royale, where the line marked by the com- 
missioners terminates; and from the last mentioned point, southwesterly, through the mid- 
dle of the sound between He Royale and the northwestern mainland to the mouth of 
Pigeon River, and up the said river to and through the North and South Fowl Lakes to 
the lakes of the height of land between Lake Superior and the Lake of the Woods ; thence 
along the water communication to Lake Saisaginaga, and through that lake ; thence to and 
through Cypress Lake, Lac du Bois Blanc, Lac la Croix, Little Vermilion Lake, and Lake 
Namecan, and through the several smaller lakes, straits or streams, connecting the lakes 
here mentioned, to that point in Lac la Pluie or Rainy Lake, at the Chaudiere Falls, 
from which the commissioners traced the line to the most northwestern point of the Lake 
of the Woods; thence along the said line to the said most northwestern point, being in 
latitude 49° 23' 55" north, and in longitude 95° 14' 38" west from the observatory at 
Greenwich; thence, according to the existing treaties, due south to its intersection with 
the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, and along that parallel to the Rocky Mountains. 

On May 30th, 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, creating 
the territories of Nebraska and Kansas in the following terms providing, — 

" That all that part of the territory of the United States included within the following 
limits, ... to wit, beginning at a point in the Missouri River, where the fortieth 
parallel of north latitude crosses the same ; thence west on said parallel to the east bound- 
ary of the Territory of Utah, on the summit of the Rocky Mountains; thence on said 
summit northward to the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude ; thence east on said paral- 
lel to the western boundary of the Territory of Minnesota; thence southward on said 
boundary to the Missouri River; thence down the main channel of said river to the place 
of beginning, be, and the same is hereby, created into a temporary government by the 
name of the Territory of Nebraska ; and when admitted as a state or states, the said terri- 
tory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, 
as their constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission. . . ." 

Governors of Nebraska Territory, 1854-61: Francis Burt, 1854; T. B. 
Cuming (acting), 1854-5; Mark W. Izard, 1855-8; Wm. A. Richardson, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 39 

1858; J. S.Morton (acting), 1858-9; Samuel W. Black, 1859-61; Alvin 
Saunders, 1861-. 

On March 2d, 1861, Congress created the Territory of Dakota, defining 
its boundaries as follows : — 

" That all that part of the territory of the United States included within the following 
limits, namely; commencing at a point in the main channel of the Red River of the 
North, where the forty-ninth degree of north latitude crosses the same; thence up the 
main channel of the same, and along the boundary of the state of Minnesota to Big 
Stone Lake; thence along the boundary line of the said state of Minnesota to the Iowa 
line; thence along the boundary line of the state of Iowa to the point of intersection 
between the Big Sioux and Missouri Rivers ; thence up the Missouri River and along the 
boundary line of the Territory of Nebraska, to the mouth of the Niobrara or Running 
Water River; thence following up the same, in the middle of the main channel thereof, 
to the mouth of the Keha Paha or Turtle Hill River; thence up said river to the forty- 
third parallel of north latitude ; thence due west to the present boundary of the Territory 
of Washington ; thence along the boundary line of Washington Territory, to the forty- 
ninth degree of north latitude; thence east along said fory-ninth degree of north latitude 
to the place of beginning, be, and the same is hereby, organized into a temporary govern- 
ment, by the name of the Territory of Dakota." 

March 3d, 1863, Congress passed an Act to provide a temporary gov- 
ernment for the Territory of Idaho as follows : 

"That all that part of the territory of the United States included within the follow- 
ing limits, to wit: beginning at a point in the middle of the channel of the Snake River, 
where the northern boundary of Oregon intersects the same; then follow down said chan- 
nel of Snake River to a point opposite the mouth of the Kooskooskia, or Clearwater 
River ; thence due north to the forty-ninth parallel of latitude ; thence east along said 
parallel to the twenty-seventh degree of longitude west of Washington; thence south 
along said degree of longitude to the northern boundary of Colorado Territory; thence 
west along said boundary to the thirty-third degree of longitude west of Washington; 
thence north along said degree to the forty-second parallel of latitude; thence west along 
said parallel to the eastern boundary of the state of Oregon ; thence north along said 
boundary to the place of beginning, and the same is hereby created into a temporary 
government, by the name of the Territory of Idaho." 

We now take up acquisition and territorial career of that part of 
Montana, west of the Rocky Mountains. 

By the Treaty of 1819 between the United States and Spain the lat- 
ter Kingdom relinquished all claim to the country, north of the forty-second 
parallel of latitude to the South Sea. (Pacific Ocean.) 

The country from the Pacific coast to Louisiana had been claimed by 
the United States by virtue of the discovery, by Captain Gray of the 
SJiip Columbia, of the Columbia River in April, 1792, and his entrance up 
the same in May of that year, by virtue of the exploration of the coun- 
try by the Lewis and Clarke expedition in 1805, by virtue of the Astoria 
settlement in 1811, and by virtue of the above mentioned Treaty of 1819. 

By the treaty of Washington, between the United States of America 
and Her Majesty, the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, concluded at Washington, June 15th, ratifications exchanged 
at London, July 17th, and proclaimed, August 5th, 1846, and signed by 



40 SOCIETY OF 

James Buchanan, for the United States, and Richard Packenham, for 
Great Britain. It was provided in Article I. as follows as to our northern 
boundary: — 

" From the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, where the boundary 
laid down in existing treaties and conventions between the United States and Great 
Britain terminates, the line of boundary between the territories of the United States and 
those of her Brittanic Majesty shall be continued westward along the said forty-ninth 
parallel of north latitude to the middle of the channel which separates the continent from 
Vancouver's Island, and thence, southerly, through the middle of the said channel and 
Fuca's Straits to the Pacific Ocean." 

It also provided that the possessory rights of the Hudson Bay Com- 
pany and all British subjects already in occupancy of land within said 
territory shall be respected. Previous to this treaty a provisional govern- 
ment had been established in Oregon, in 1841, by emigrants from the 
United States, and a constitution was adopted, July 5th, 1843, which was 
recognized. 

An Act to establish the territorial government of Oregon, was passed 
by Congress, August 14th, 1848, as follows: — 

"That from and after the passage of this Act, all that part of the territory of the 
United States which lies west of the summit of the Rocky Mountains, north of the forty- 
second degree of north latitude, known as the Territory of Oregon, shall be organized 
into and constitute a temporary government by the name of the Territory of Oregon." 

General Joseph Lane, the first territorial governor, arrived, and by 
proclamation, put the territorial government into operation, March 3d, 
1849. 

The Act creating Washington Territory became a law March 2d, 1853, 
defining the boundaries as follows: — 

" That from and after the passage of this Act, all that portion of Oregon Territory 
lying and being south of the forty-ninth degree of north latitude, and north of the middle 
of the main channel of the Columbia River, from its mouth to where the forty-sixth 
degree of north latitude crosses said river, near Fort Walla Walla, thence with said forty- 
sixth degree of latitude to the summit of the Rocky Mountains, be organized into and 
constitute a temporary government by the name of the Territory of Washington." 

No enabling Act for the State of Oregon was passed by Congress. 

The constitution of Oregon, adopted at Salem, September i8th, 1857, 
ratified November 9th, in Article XVI., defined the boundaries as fol- 
lows : — 

" Beginning one marine league at sea due west from the point where the forty-second 
parallel of north latitude intersects the same; thence northerly at the same distance from 
the line of the coast, lying west and opposite the state, including all islands within the 
jurisdiction of the United States, to a point due west and opposite the middle of the 
north ship channel of the Columbia River; thence easterly to and up the middle channel 
of said river, and where it is divided by islands, up the middle of the widest channel 
thereof, and in like manner up the middle of the main channel of Snake River to the 
mouth of the Owyhee River ; thence due south to the parallel of latitude forty-two 
degrees north, thence west along said parallel to the place of beginning. (Encroaching on 



MONTANA PIONEERS 41 

the Territory of Washington to the extent of the section of country south of the Colum- 
bia River and north of forty-sixth degree of north latitude.)" 

The Congress of the United States was authorized in admitting the 
state to make northern boundary conform to the Act creating the Terri- 
tory of Washington. 

February 14th, 1859, Congress passed an Act admitting Oregon into 
the Union, making its boundary conform to that of Washington Terri- 
tory. The State of Oregon shall be bounded as follows, to wit: — 

" Beginning one marine league at sea due west from the point where the forty-second 
parallel of north latitude intersects the same; thence northerly at the same distance from 
the line of the coast, lying west and opposite the state, including all islands within the 
jurisdiction of the United States, to a point due west and opposite the middle of the 
north ship channel of the Columbia River; thence easterly to and up the middle channel 
of said river, and where it is divided by islands, up the middle of the widest channel 
thereof, to a point near Fort Walla Walla, where the forty-sixth parallel of north latitude 
crosses said river; thence east on said parallel to the middle of the main channel of the 
Shoshones or Snake River; thence up the middle of the main channel of said river to 
the mouth of the Owyhee River ; thence due south to the parallel of latitude forty-two 
degrees north; thence west along said parallel to the place of beginning." 

The same Act of February 14th, 1859, '^^ section 5, provided as fol- 
lows : — 

" That until Congress shall otherwise direct, the residue of the Territory of Oregon 
shall be, and is hereby, incorporated into and made a part of the Territory of Washington." 

On May 26th, 1864, Congress passed the following: — 

AN ACT TO PROVIDE A TEMPORARY GOVERNMENT FOR THE 

TERRITORY OF MONTANA. 

"That all that part of the territory of the United States included within the limits, to 
wit: Commencing at a point formed by the intersection of the twenty-seventh degree of 
longitude west from Washington with the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; thence due 
west on said forty-fifth degree of latitude to a point formed by its intersection with the 
thirty-fourth degree of longitude west from Washington ; thence due south along said 
thirty-fourth degree of longitude to its intersection with the forty-fourth degree and thirty 
minutes of north latitude ; thence due west along said forty-fourth degree and thirty min- 
utes of north latitude to a point formed by its intersection with the crest of the Rocky 
Mountains ; thence following the crest of the Rocky Mountains northward till its inter- 
section with the Bitter Root Mountains ; thence northward along the crest of said Bitter 
Root Mountains to its intersection with the thirty-ninth degree of longitude west from 
Washington; thence along said thirty-ninth degree of longitude northward to the bound- 
ary line of the British Possessions; thence eastward along said boundary line to the 
twenty-seventh degree of longitude west of Washington; thence southward along said 
twenty-seventh degree of longitude to the place of beginning, be, and the same is hereby, 
created into a temporary government by the name of the Territory of Montana." 

It also provided that the Legislative Assembly was to consist of a 
Council and House of Representatives. Council shall consist of seven 
members. House of Representatives shall, at its first session, consist of 
thirteen members ; House may be increased to twenty-six members, and 
Council to thirteen members. 



42 SOCIETY OF 

The first session was to meet at time and place designated by the 
Governor and so convened at Bannack, December I2th, 1864, and ad- 
journed February 9th, 18C5. 

On February 17th, 1873, Congress passed an Act to readjust the west- 
ern boundary of Dakota Territory which provided: — 

"That all that portion of Dakota Territory lying west of the one hundred and eleventh 
meridian of longitude which, by an erroneous definition of the boundaries of said territory 
by a former Act of Congress, remains detached and distant from Dakota proper some two 
hundred miles, be, and the same is hereby, attached to the adjoining Territory of Mon- 
tana." 

On February 22d, 1889, Congress passed an enabling Act entitled: 
An Act to provide for the division of Dakota into two states and to 
enable the people of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Wash- 
ington to form constitutions and state governments and to be admitted 
into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, and to make 
donations of public lands to such states. 

"Enacted: That the inhabitants of all that part of the area of the United States 
now constituting the territories of Dakota, Montana, and Washington, as at present de- 
scribed, may become the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Wash- 
ington, respectively, as hereinafter provided." 

Under its provision a Constitutional Convention of seventy-five mem- 
bers was convened at Helena, the capital, July 4th and on August 17th 
adopted a Constitution, which on October ist was ratified by the people 
and on November 8th, 1889, the following proclamation of the President 
was issued declaring Montana one of the States of the Union. 

By the President of the United States of America. 
A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas the Congress of the United States did by an act, approved on the twenty- 
second day of February, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, provide that the in- 
habitants of the Territory of Montana, might, upon the conditions prescribed in said Act, 
become the State of Montana; 

And Whereas, it was provided by said act that delegates elected as therein pro- 
vided, to a Constitutional convention in the Territory of Montana, should meet at the 
seat of government of said Territory ; and that after they had met and organized they 
should declare on behalf of the people of Montana that they adopt the Constitution of 
the United States; whereupon the said convention should be authorized to form a State 
Government for the proposed State of Montana; 

And Whereas, it was provided by said act that the Constitution so adopted should 
be republican in form and make no distinction in civil or political rights on account of 
race or color, except as to Indians not taxed, and not be repugnant to the Constitution of 
the United States and the principles of the Declaration of Independence; and that the 
Convention should, by an ordinance irrevocable without the consent of the United States 
and the people of said state, make certain provisions prescribed in said act; 

And Whereas, it was provided by said act that the Constitution thus formed for the 
people of Montana should, by an ordinance of the Convention forming the same, be sub- 
mitted to the people of Montana at an election to be held therein on the first Tuesday in 
October, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, for ratification or rejection by the qualified 



MONTANA PIONEERS 43 

voters of said proposed State ; and that the returns of said election should be made to the 
Secretary of said Territory, who, with the Governor and Chief Justice thereof, or any two 
of them, should canvass the same; and if a majority of the legal votes cast should be for 
the Constitution, the Governor should certify the result to the President of the United 
States, together with a statement of the votes cast thereon, and upon separate articles or 
propositions and a copy of said Constitution, articles, propositions, and ordinances; 

And Whereas, it has been certified to me by the Governor of said Territory that 
within the time prescribed by said act of Congress, a Constitution for the proposed State 
of Montana has been adopted and that the same, together with two ordinances connected 
therewith, has been ratified by a majority of the qualified voters of said proposed State in 
accordance with the conditions prescribed in said act; 

And Whereas, a duly authenticated copy of said Constitution and ordinances, as re- 
quired by said act,, has been received by me; 

Now, Therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, President of the United States of America, 
do, in accordance with the provisions of the act of Congress aforesaid, declare and pro- 
claim the fact that the conditions imposed by Congress on the State of Montana to entitle 
that State to admission to the Union,' have been ratified and accepted, and that the admis- 
sion of the said State into the Union is now complete. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United 
States to be affixed. 

Done at the City of Washington, this eighth (8th) day of November, in the year of 
our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine, and of the Independence of the 
United States of America, the one hundred and fourteenth, 

BENJ. HARRISON. 
By the President : 

James G. Blaine, Secretary of State. 



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BEAVERHEAD COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries defined by Act approved February 2d, 1865, 
S. L., page 529. County seat established at Bannack, Act amended 
by Act of December loth, 1867. Boundaries changed by Act of Jan- 
uary 1 2th, 1869. Boundaries defined by Act of January 12th, 1872, 
Codified Statutes, page 429. Boundaries defined by Revised Statutes, 
1879, page 475. Boundaries defined by Sec. 732. Fifth Division, Com- 
piled Statutes, 1887, page 834. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4109, Political 
Code, 1895. County seat, Dillon. 

William Albert Armitage, son of Joshua and Martha (Nenette) 
Armitage ; born at Galena, Illinois, September 4th, 1859. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Galena, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via 
Denver, Colorado, Bridger Pass, and Bear River; arrived at Virginia City, 
December loth, 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Wisdom. 

Edward Smith Ball, born at Boston, Massachusetts, June 30th, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, 
across the plains via Black Hills and California trails ; arrived at Bannack, 
August i6th, 1862. Occupation, miner. Last address, Argenta. Deceased, 
1898. 

Mrs. E. S. Ball, nee Rose A. McCauley. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Black 
Hills and California trails; arrived at Bannack, August i6th, 1862. Resi- 
dence, Argenta. 

Andrew Barber, arrived in Montana in summer of 1862. 

Martin Barrett, son of Thomas and Nancy (McDonald) Barrett; 
born in County Mayo, Ireland, February 2d, 1840. Came to the United 
States in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; 
route traveled, via the overland trail ; arrived at Bannack, July 7th, 
1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Amesville. Member Coun- 
cil, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879; Fourteenth Session, 1885; Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. 

George Batchelder, arrived at Bannack in August, 1862. Last 
address, Bannack. Deceased. 

Samuel Batchelder, arrived at Bannack in August, 1862. Resi- 
dence, Bannack. 

(45) 



46 SOCIETY OF 

Amede Bessette, son of Francois and Elizabeth Bessette; born at 
Beauharnois, Province of Quebec, Canada, March ist, 1839. Was on the 
North Platte and Yellowstone Rivers from i860 to 1864. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri, March 4th, 1864; route traveled, 
across the plains via South Platte, Bridger Cut Off, with a train of 157, 
as interpreter; arrived at Virginia City, July 8th, 1864. Residence, Ban- 
nack. 

John Fernando Bishop, son of Benjamin Blake and Lydia (Wake- 
field) Bishop ; born at Warsaw, Wyoming County, New York, March 
14th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Nevada City, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, 
Snake River, and Medicine Lodge ; arrived at East Bannack, April 20th, 
1863. Occupation, ranchman and stock raiser. Residence, Dillon. 

Charles Blivens, born at Saratoga Springs, New York, December 
lOth, 1841. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via the Bozeman Cut Off with J. M. Bozeman ; 
arrived at Virginia City, September 27th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Dillon. Deceased. 

Louis Borin. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Grasshopper Diggings in spring of 
1862. Occupation, miner. 

Cornelius Bray, son of John and Mary (Conway) Bray; born at 
Clonmel, County of Tipperary, Ireland, January ist, 1833. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains 
with Capt. James L. Fisk's First Expedition on the Northern route 
across Dakota via Red River of the North ; arrived at point above Fort 
Union in August, 1862. Occupation, hardware merchant. Residence, Red 
Rock. 

Patrick Bray, son of John and Mary (Conway) Bray ; born at 
Clonmel, Ireland, November 21st, 1829. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via Northern route. 
Fort Abercrombie and Red River of the North, in Capt. James L. Fisk's 
First Expedition; arrived at point above Fort Union in August, 1862. 
Occupation, millman and lumber business. Last address, Henderson, 
Sibley County, Minnesota. Died, May nth, 1893. 

George M. Brown, son of Mr. and Mrs. (Mitchell) Brown ; born 
near St. Andrews, Scotland, August, 1836. Came to the United States in 
1856. Place of departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Fort Lemhi and Deer Lodge ; arrived at Ban- 
nack, July 15th, 1862. Occupation, stock raiser. Last address, Dillon. 
Member Senate, Third Session, 1893, and Fourth Session, 1895; State Leg- 
islative Assembly; Commissioner, Beaverhead County. Deceased. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 47 

Hiram Brundage, arrived in Montana, November 14th, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, publisher. Residence, Dillon. 

Henry Burfiend, born in Germany. Came to the United States; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, April 27th, 1864. 
Residence, Dillon. 

William B. Carter, born at Parkman, Geauga County, Ohio, April 
23d, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, across 
the plains via Salt Lake City; arrived at Bannack, July 1st, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner, freighter, and ranchman. Residence, Dillon. 

Charles H. Carver, arrived at Bannack, April i8th, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, Bannack. 

David Contois, arrived in Montana in 1863. 

George Frederick Cope, son of Charles and Caroline Cope; born at 
Boonville, Cooper County, Missouri, March i6th, 1842. Place of departure 
for Montana, Black Hawk, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains, up 
North Platte, Green River, Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, and Snake River; 
arrived at Bannack July 4th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Bon 
Accord. Member House of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70, Terri- 
torial Legislative Assembly. 

Craig Cornell, son of Isaac and Priscilla (Morgan) Cornell; born in 
Porter County, Indiana, January 8th, 1839. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, July 
20th, 1864. Occupation, stockman. Residence, Dillon. 

Joseph H. Cowan, born in Trumbull County, Kentucky. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kentucky; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
in Montana in September, 1863. Residence, Dillon. 

William Crothers, born at Louisville, Kentucky. Place of departure 
for Montana, Kentucky; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mon- 
tana in August, 1862. Deceased. 

J. B. Crow, son of R. and Rebecca Crow; born at Montreal, Canada 
East, August 19th, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; 
route traveled, across the plains via North PJatte River and Sweet Grass 
Country, Wyoming; arrived at Bannack in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. 
Last address. Horse Prairie. 

George W. Dart, son of Thomas and Alice Dart ; born at Mount 
Clemens, Macomb County, Michigan, December 2d, 1837. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via 
the Northern route with Capt. J. L. Fisk's Expedition ; arrived at Ban- 
nack in September 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Dillon. 
Deceased. 



48 SOCIETY OF 

W. D. Davis, arrived in Montana in November, 1863. 
Stanford Dumont, arrived in Montana, June. 27th, 1863. 

Sidney Edgerton, son of Amos and Zerviah (Graham) Edgerton ; 
born at Cazenovia, Madison County, New York, August 17th, 18 18. Place 
of departure for Montana, Akron, Summit County, Ohio ; route traveled, 
via Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, and across the 
plains via the North Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass, Lander Cut Off, 
Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red 
Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Pro- 
fession, lawyer. Residence, Akron, Ohio. Chief-Justice, Idaho Territory, 
1863. Governor, Montana Territory, 1864-5. 

T. H. Ellis, born in Scotland County, Missouri, March 2d, 1845. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; ar- 
rived in Beaverhead Country in 1863. Occupation, freighter and farmer. 
Last address, Red Rock. 

George William Emerich, son of Adam and Nancy (Rose) Emerich; 
born in Onondaga County, New York, April 3d, 1827. Place of departure 
for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Snake 
River and the Nez Perces Diggings, Idaho; arrived in the Beaverhead 
Country, August 28th, 1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, Dillon. 

Simeon Estes, son of David and Mary Ann (Grant) Estes; born at 
Lewiston, Androscoggin County, Maine, February loth, 1835. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains 
via the Northern route with Capt. J. L. Fisk's Expedition ; arrived at 
Bannack in September, 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Red 
Rock. Member House of Representatives, Fifth Session, 1868-9, Territo- 
rial Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs. David Evans, nee Gwenlian Evans, daughter of Morgan and 
Ann (Evans) Evans; born at Glamorganshire, Wales, August 21st, 1855. 
Came to the United States in 1856, and across the plains to Utah that 
year. Place of departure for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, via Pleasant 
Valley divide; arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Beaverhead 
Valley. 

James S. Ferster, born in Orleans County, New York. Place of 
departure for Montana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack^ July 28th, 1863. Oc- 
cupation, miner and carpenter. Died, December i8th, 1891. 

RUFUS A. Ferster, born in Orleans County, New York. Place of 
departure for Montana, New York; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana, July 28th, 1863. Died, January, 1890. 






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J. F. BISHOP 
JOHN BARRETT WILLIAMS 

GRANVILLE STUART, President, 1886 
HELEN P. CLARKE 
E. W. McNEAL 



A. G. ENGLAND 

GEORGE GOHN 



MONTANA PIONEERS 49 

Adam Fink, born in Germany. Came to the United States; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in August, 1862. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. 

A. J. Fisher, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. 

J. P. Fletcher, born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Pennsylvania ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived in Montana, December 28th, 1863. Died, July i8th, 1890. 

George D. French, born at Stroud, Gloucester, England, in 1820. 
Came to the United States in 1846; went across the plains to California 
in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Palmyra, Wisconsin; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, September nth, 1863. 
Occupation, carpenter. Last address, Argenta. Died, July 21st, 1879. 

Benjamin F. Gibbons, arrived in Montana, July 25th, 1862. Occupa- 
tion, miner. Residence, Glendale. 

Augustus F. Graeter, son of Augustus and Sarah (Hoffman) Grae- 
ter ; born at Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, July 29th, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Pike's Peak, 1858; arrived at Bannack, 
August 15th, 1862. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Red Rock. 

Henry Clay Graves, born in Kentucky, March 5th, 1838. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
in Montana in May, 1864. Occupation, miner, packer, freighter, and stock 
raiser. Residence, Bannack. 

Leonard A. Gridley. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Ne- 
braska ; route traveled, across the plains via the North Platte, Sweetwater, 
South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market 
Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived at Bannack, 
September 17th, 1863. Occupation, capitalist. Residence, Garrettsville, 
Ohio. 

James Harby, born in Leicestershire, England. Came to the United 
States; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, August 15th, 
1862. Last address, Bannack. Died, April 5th, 1889. 

Jacob Hartwig, son of Claus V. and Dorothea Hartwig; born at 
Clausdorf (Schleswig-Holstein), Germany, August 26th, 1842. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, Grass- 
hopper Creek, September nth, 1863. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Willis. 

Michael B. Henneberry, born in County Limerick, Ireland. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Dubuque, Iowa; 

M. P.— 4 



50 SOCIETY OF 

route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, June i8th, 1863. 
Occupation, stock grower. Residence, Red Rock. 

Harry Houston. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Grasshopper Diggings in spring of 
1862. Occupation, miner. 

John C. Innes, born at Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Canada, in April, 1862; route traveled, across the plains 
via Omaha, Nebraska, Lander Cut Off, Snake River, Johny Grant Trail, 
Fort Hall, Salmon River Mines ; arrived at Horse Prairie, September 8th, 
1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, Dillon. Mr. Innes was one of the 
discoverers of the mines on Horse Prairie Creek. 

George Jackson, arrived in Montana, March 19th, 1862. 

James Melvin King, son of Thomas and Phoebe King; born at Ca- 
millus, Onondaga County, New York, May 2d, 1828; went to Colorado in 
i860. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Laramie Plains, Old Fort Halleck, and Salt Lake 
City, Utah; arrived at Bannack, July 15th, 1863. Occupation, blacksmith. 
Residence, Argenta. 

James Kirkpatrick, son of James Kirkpatrick ; born at Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, March 9th, 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Adams 
County, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Ban- 
nack in 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Dillon. 

Robert Kirkpatric-K, son of James Kirkpatrick; born in Pennsyl- 
vania, November 17th, 1847. Place of departure for Montana, Adams 
County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Bannack, 
in 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Dillon. 

Philip Lovell, son of Jonathan and Anne Lovell ; born at Driffield, 
Yorkshire, England, April 12th, 1840. Came to the United States. Place 
of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Northern route to British Possessions, Fort Benton, and Deer 
Lodge; arrived at Bannack, September 12th, 1862. Occupation, butcher. 
Residence, Dillon. 

John Lynch. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route trav. 
eled, across the plains ; arrived at Grasshopper Diggings in spring of 
1862. Occupation, miner. 

Patrick Maloy. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Grasshopper Diggings in spring of 
1862. Occupation, miner. 

James M. Mann, son of Aaron and Sarah (Ingram) Mann ; born at 
Orford, Grafton County, New Hampshire, February 2d, 1825. Place of 



MONTANA PIONEERS 51 

departure for Montana, Adams County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. 
Last address, Dillon. 

James Mansfield, born at Kilkenny, Kilkenny County, Ireland. Came 
to the United States ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Ban- 
nack, December 7th, 1862. Residence, Alice. 

John Henry Mardis, native ; son of James W. and Harriet Adalade 
(Noe) Mardis; born at Virginia City, Montana, November ist, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, farmer and miner. Residence, Bannack. 

Charles Monroe McIntosh, son of William L. and Wiltha R. 
(Welton) Mcintosh ; born at Montrose, Lee County, Iowa, April i6th, 
1849. Place of departure for Montana, Harrison County, Missouri ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off and Rickard's Ferry on 
Snake River; arrived at Bannack, July 28th, 1863. Occupation, laborer. 
Residence, Lima. 

William L. McIntosh, born at Dresden, Tennessee, May 21st, 1830. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off and Rickard's Ferry on Snake River; arrived 
at Bannack, July 28th, 1863. Residence, Red Rock. 

William R. McIntosh, son of William L. and Wiltha R. (Welton) 
Mcintosh; born at Bethany, Harrison County, Missouri, July i8th, 1856. 
Place of departure for Montana, Harrison County, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off and Rickard's Ferry on Snake 
River; arrived at Bannack, July 28th, 1863. Occupation, miner and stock 
raiser. Residence, Dillon. 

Mrs. M. McKnight, nee Mary Peabody, native; born at Bannack 
(Idaho), Montana, November 26th, 1863. Residence, Lima. 

David E. Metlin, son of Robert and Elizabeth Metlin ; born in 
Juniata County, Pennsylvania, June 14th, 1837. Place of departure for 
Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, 
July 8th, 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Dillon. 

Mrs. D. E. Metlin, nee Miss E. A. Kennison, born in Scott 
County, Maryland, December 8th, 1850. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Maryland ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived in Montana in 
1863. Last address, Dillon. Died, December 8th, 1884. 

George Millen, son of Michael and Anna Maria Millen ; born in 
Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, Europe, June 9th, 1836. Place of departure 
for Montana, Troy, Nev/ York ; route traveled, across the plains via St. 
Joseph, Missouri, California trail. Lander Cut OfT, Soda Springs, and 
Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, August i8th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner and freighter. Residence, Blaine. 



52 



SOCIETY OF 



A. M. Morrison, born in Indiana, April 5th, 1844. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Indiana ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at 
Bannack in 1864. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Dillon. 

E. J Nelson, born in Hancock County, Illinois. Place of departure 
for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived in Mon- 
tana, May i6th, 1863. 

A. H. Odell, arrived at Bannack in August, 1862. Residence, Ban- 
nack. 

William H. Oliver, born at St. Valentine, St. John County, Quebec, 
December 17th, 1827. Came to the United States. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; ar- 
rived at Fort Benton in October, 1854. Occupation, trader. Last address, 
Willis. 

William C. Orr, son of Nathan and Hannah Orr; born in County 
Down, near Strangford, Ireland, April nth, 1830. Came to the United 
States in 1836; went across the plains to the Humbug River, California, 
in 1853; route traveled, across the mountains; arrived at Bannack in 
November, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Last address, Dillon. 

Mrs. S. W. Park, nee Lucia Aurora Darling, daughter of Richard 
Church and Paulina (Edgerton) Darling; born at Burlington, Calhoun 
County, Michigan, October 9th, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, 
Tallmadge, Summit County, Ohio ; route traveled, via Cleveland, Detroit, 
Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, and across the plains via the North 
Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot 
Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; 
arrived at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Occupation, teacher. Resi- 
dence, Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio. 

Hugh Patton, arrived in Montana in August, 1857. 

George Peterson, born at Copenhagen, Denmark. Came to the 
United States; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, May 
13th, 1864. 

B. Pettit, born at Baltimore, Maryland, in April, 1832. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Chicago, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Kansas and Pike's Peak, Colorado; arrived at Bannack in 1863. 
Occupation, miner and merchant. 

Henry S. Pond, born at Springfield, Illinois, August 15th, 1841. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, up the Mis- 
souri River; arrived at Fort Benton in June, 1862. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Residence, Glendale. 

Martin Post, arrived in Montana, July, 1862. Residence, Glendale. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 53 

Evan Reese, born at Carmarthen, Wales. Came to the United States; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, April 30th, 1863. 

David F. Reinhardt, born in Province of Wurtemberg, Germany, 
in 1846. Came to the United States in 1862; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Confederate Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Dillon. 

X. Renois, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. 

Almon C. Robinson, born in Genesee County, New York, April 
28th, 1828. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at East Bannack, July ist, 1864. Occupation, 
dentist. Residence, Louisiana, Missouri. 

William Roe, son of Abraham and Mary Roe; born at Donington, 
Lincolnshire, England, October nth, 1838. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Grinnell, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, August i8th, 1862. 
Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Dillon. 

O. W. W. Rote, born at Greenbush, Rensselaer County, New York, 
November 12th, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Ohio; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, May 20th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, miner. Last address, Glendale. Deceased. 

Lafayette Scott, born in Cass County, Illinois. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in 
Montana, September 8th, 1863. Residence, Argenta. 

James Selway, son of James Selway; born in Somersetshire, Eng- 
land, December 3d, 1840. Came to the United States in 1847. Place of 
departure for Montana, Kenosha County, Wisconsin; route traveled, via 
St. Joseph and across the plains; arrived in Beaverhead Valley in Septem- 
ber, 1863. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, Dillon. 

John R. Selway, son of Jam_es Selway; born in Somersetshire, Eng- 
land, March 25th, 1836. Came to the United States in 1847. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Eau Claire, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived in Beaverhead Valley in July, 1863. Occupation, farmer 
and stock raiser. Residence, Dillon. 

Robert H. Selway, son of James Selway; born in Somersetshire, 
England, September 9th, 1846. Came to the United States in 1S47. 
Place of departure for Montana, Kenosha County, Wisconsin; route trav- 
eled, via Waterloo, Iowa, and across the plains via Fort Laramie; arrived 
in Beaverhead Valley, September 30th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock 
raiser. Residence, Dillon. 



54 SOCIETY OF 

Thomas Selway, son of James Selway. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Beaverhead 
Valley in July, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Dillon. 

Joseph Shineberger, son of Nicholas and Mariane (McCullish) Shine- 
berger; born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, January 5th, 1836; went to 
Pike's Peak in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, across the plains via Medicine Bow and Bridger Cut Off ; 
arrived at Horse Prairie, July 8th, 1863. Occupation, miner and stockman. 
Residence, Red Rock. 

Edward Sincox, arrived in Montana, July 25th, 1863. Last address, 
East Bannack. Deceased. 

George L. Standaher, son of Michael and Mary (Myers) Standaher; 
born in Austria, April 23d, 1836. Came to the United States in 1859. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived at Bannack, June ist, 1863. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Dillon. 

Willis Ogden Stanley, son of Asel and Annette Stanley ; born at 
Montezuma, Iowa, May 27th, 1856. Place of departure for Montana, 
Hudson, Wisconsin ; route traveled, via Mississippi River and across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in August, 1862. Occupa- 
tion, commercial traveler. Residence, Ogden, Utah. 

M. L. Steel, arrived in Montana, August 21st, 1862. 

Arthur Sullivan, born in Guilford County, North Carolina, June 3d, 
1822. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains via Colorado ; arrived at Bannack, December 
i8th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Dillon. 

Harvey Sullivan, born in Indiana. Place of departure for Montana, 
Kansas City, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado ; ar- 
rived at Bannack, December i8th, 1863. Residence, Dillon. 

John Sutherland, arrived in Montana in 1863. 

John Swing. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via Denver, Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, 
Snake River, and Medicine Lodge; arrived at East Bannack, April 20th, 
1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Bannack. Died in 1864. 

Philip Thorpe, son of William and Sarah Thorpe; born in Lanca- 
shire, England, May 8th, 1829. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Racine, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Central City, Colorado, and Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived 
at Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Last address, 
Dillon. Deceased. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 55 

J. M. VanHoose, arrived at Bannack, June 14th, 1863. 

Wilson Wadams, arrived in Montana in August, 1862. 

T. B. Warren, arrived in Montana, May 3d, 1864. Residence, Ban- 
nack. 

Thomas Watson, arrived in Montana, August 28th, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, Bannack. Member Council, Fourth and Extra Sessions, 1867; Fifth 
Session, 1868-9; Sixth Session, 1869-70; Territorial Legislative Assembly. 
Deceased. 

John White. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Grasshopper Diggings in spring of 1862. Oc- 
cupation, miner. 

A. J. Whiteley, arrived at Red Rock in September, 1863. 

A. E. Wilbur. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, 
across the plains via South Pass, Kinney Cut Off to Ham's Fork of 
Green River, Bear River, Soda Springs, Blackfoot to Rickard's Ferry on 
Snake River, Williams Junction via Sage Creek; arrived at Virginia City, 
June nth, 1864. Last address, Glendale. Deceased. 

John Russell Wilson, born in Washington County, Pennsylvania. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pennsylvania ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Bannack, December 2d, 1862. Occupation, publisher. 
Residence, Dillon. 

Peter Wilson, born in England. Came to the United States; arrived 
in Montana in April, 1864. Residence, Dillon. 

Robert T. Wing, son of George and Deborah (Russell) Wing; born 
at South Yarmouth, Massachusetts, October 19th, 1837. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, New York; route traveled, across the plains via Pike's 
Peak, i860; arrived at Alder Gulch, May 25th, 1863. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Residence, Dillon. Member (Republican) House of Representa- 
tives, First Session, 1889-90, and Second Session, 1891; State Legislative 
Assembly. 

Nathaniel H. Wood, born at Halifax, Virginia, June 23d, 1828; went 
across the plains to California in 1850; returned to Missouri in 1859. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Bannack in August, 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. 
Last address, Dillon. Kept the old Bob Dempsey ranch at the crossing 
of Stinkingwater River in 1864 as a stage station. 

W. F.Wood. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Bannack in August, 1863. Occupation, stock 
raiser. Last address, Dillon. 



56 SOCIETY OF 

Athol F. Wright, son of Edmond and Mary Ann Wright ; born at 
Wright's Mills, Parke County, Indiana, November 6th, 1839. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Paola, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via 
Leavenworth, Fort Kearney, up south side of South Platte River to Jules- 
burg, thence North Platte, Fort Laramie, Sweetwater River, Lander Cut 
Off, Blackfoot River, Snake River, and Market Lake ; arrived at Bannack, 
July 28th, 1863. Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Bannack. 



BROADWATER COUNTY 



TAKEN from Meagher and Jefferson Counties. Created and boundaries 
defined by Act of February 9th, 1897, to take effect March ist, 
1897. County seat established at Townsend. 

Walter W, Arnold, born in Woodford County, Kentucky, in 1831. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, August 12th, 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. 
Residence, Winston. 

Mrs. L. E. Ballard, nee Lena E. McFadden, arrived in Montana in 
1864. Residence, Townsend. 

James Barker, son of James and Belinda Barker; born in Herkimer 
County, New York, October 12th, 181 1. Place of departure for Montana, 
Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived at 
Bannack in spring of 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last address. Town- 
send. Deceased. 

George Beatty, son of John and Mary Beatty; born at County 
Tyrone, Ireland, May nth, 1837. Came to the United States in 1847. Place 
of departure for Montana, Elk City, Idaho ; route traveled, packed across 
the mountains, around the head of Big Hole River; arrived at Bannack in 
October, 1862. Occupation, farmer since 1865 on present ranch. Resi- 
dence, Winston. 

Benjamin F. Bembrick, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Radersburg. 

John F. Bristol, arrived in Montana, April loth, i860. Residence, 
Whites Gulch. 

Miles Wright Brown, son of John Perz and Sarah Brown; born at 
Lockport, Spencer County, Indiana, February 6th, 1822. Place of departure 
for Montana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route traveled, via Fort Bridger 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 57 

and Snake River; arrived at Bannack, July loth, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Radersburg. 

B. F. Carpenter, arrived in Montana, August 12th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Deep Creek. 

P. B. Clark, son of Gates and Luseina (Sage) Clark; born in New 
York, July 4th, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, California; route 
traveled, via Nevada and Idaho; arrived in Montana in spring of 1865. 
Occupation, proprietor of stage line and stock raiser. Residence, Toston. 

Mrs. p. B. Clark, nee Tootie Brown, born in Indiana ; arrived in 
Montana in 1864. Residence, Toston. 

Irvin Collier, born in Clay County, Kentucky, August 28th, 1830. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 28th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Beaver Creek. 

Aquilla Davis, born in 1839; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupa- 
tion, shoemaker. Last address, Diamond City. Died, March 13th, 1899. 

MosES DOGGETT, son of James S. and Hannah Doggett ; born near 
Louisville, Kentucky, September 19th. 1829. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived 
at Horse Prairie Creek, August 2d, 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. 
Residence, Canton. 

Mrs. M. Doggett, nee Susan Rose, daughter of Lion and Sarah 

Rose; born at Ottumwa, Iowa. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; 

route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived at Horse 
Prairie Creek, August 2d, 1863. Residence, Canton. 

Charles B. Doggett, son of Moses and Susan (Rose) Doggett; born 
in Colorado. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Horse Prairie Creek, August 2d, 1863. Resi- 
dence, Canton. 

Jefferson Doggett, native, son of Moses and Susan (Rose) Doggett; 
born at Virginia City, October 29th, 1863. Residence, Canton. 

Charles Anthony Falen, born at Stockholm, Sweden, January 28th, 
1821. Came to the United States in 1844; went to California in 1850 via 
the Isthmus of Panama. Place of departure for Montana, Fraser River, 
British Columbia; route traveled, overland via Salmon River, Idaho; ar- 
rived at Virginia City in December, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Winston. Died, October 29th, 1896. 

A. FiLSON, son of George M. Filson ; born in Missouri. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, 



58 ^ SOCIETY OF 

Colorado; arrived at Virginia City, February 22d, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Beaver Creek. 

D. B. FiLSON, son of George M. Filson ; born in Buchanan County, 
Missouri, in 1843. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains via Denver, Colorado; arrived at Virginia City, February 
22d, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Beaver Creek, 

George M. Filson. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado ; arrived in Virginia City, 
February 22d, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Beaver Creek. 

W. Filson, son of George M. Filson ; born in Missouri. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, 
Colorado; arrived in Virginia City, February 22d, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Beaver Creek. 

Bridget Frances Garnet, daughter of Patrick and Ellen (Dooling) 
Garnet; born at Omaha, Nebraska, January 30th, 1864. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch, September 23d, 1864. Residence, Canton. 

Michael Garnet, son of Patrick and Ellen (Dooling) Garnet; born 
at Omaha, Nebraska, August 2d, i860. Place of departure for Montana, 
Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch, September 23d, 1864. Residence, Canton. 

Patrick Garnet, son of Patrick and Mary Garnet ; born in County 
Kerry, Ireland, in 1827. Came to America in 1846. Place of departure 
for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Alder Gulch September 23d, 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Res- 
idence, Canton. 

Mrs. p. Garnet, nee Ellen Dooling. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch, September 23d, 1864. Residence, Canton. 

John Hines, arrived in Montana, August 25th, 1863. Residence, Can- 
ton. 

Hannah Maria Lloyd, daughter of John and Catherine (Green) 
Lloyd; born at Richmond, Indiana, July 27th, 1857. Place of departure 
for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains via Nevada, 1861 ; 
arrived at Grasshopper Diggings on Horse Prairie Creek, November ist, 
1863. Residence, Townsend. 

John Lloyd, son of Richard and Ann Lloyd; born in New York, 
September 17th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via Nevada, 1861 ; arrived at Diggings on Horse 



MONTANA PIONEERS 59 

Prairie Creek, November ist, 1863. Occupation, miner and ranchman. 
Residence, Townsend. 

Mrs. J. Lloyd, nee Catherine Green. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains via Nevada, 1861; arrived 
at Diggings on Horse Prairie Creek, November ist, 1863. Residence, 
Townsend. 

William R. Lloyd, son of John and Catherine (Green) Lloyd ; born in 
Nevada, November 3d, 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Nevada; 
route traveled, across the plains and mountains ; arrived at Diggings on 
Horse Prairie Creek, November ist, 1863. Residence, Townsend. 

Archer Macomber, son of Albert and Jane Ann Macomber; born at 
Gibsonville, Livingston County, New York, December ist, 1838. Place of 
departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Sweetwater River, Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, Snake River, 
Lemhi, and Salmon River, Idaho; arrived at Big Hole Basin about July 
27th, 1862. Occupation, ranchman and stock grower. Residence, Raders- 
burg. 

Mrs. Archer Macomber, nee Martha Borton, daughter of James 
and Maria Borton; born at Fairview, Guernsey County, Ohio, May nth, 
1839. Place of departure for Montana, Lacompton, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains, up the Platte River, Sweetwater, Fort Bridger, and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, July 5th, 1864. Residence, Radersburg. 

John McDermott, born in Ireland, June 23d, 1843. Came to the 
United States in 1848. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route 
traveled, across the plains via Pike's Peak, Colorado ; arrived at Bannack, 
June 14th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Radersburg. 

John McGuire, born at St. Louis, Missouri, in 1840. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in September, 1863, Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Winston. 

E. F. Nave, born in Saline County, Missouri, in 1836. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
at Virginia City, June 17th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Radersburg. 

Thomas Nield, born in England in 1839. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via the Sweetwater; 
arrived at Fort Owen in May, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last address, 
Townsend. 

Francis Powers, born in Maine, February 3d, 1844. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Pittsfield, Maine; route traveled, across the plains; 



6o SOCIETY OF 

arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, 
Canton. 

William Quinn, born at Ottawa, Canada, in 1842. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Canada; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Virginia City in September, 1864. Occupation, freighter and farmer. 
Last address, Radersburg. 

Henry Raymond, son of Silas and Sarah Raymond ; born in Erie 
County, Pennsylvania, July 25th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bedford. 

William J. Sharp, son of Abram Sharp ; born in Kentucky, January 
14th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, 
across the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. 
Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, Toston. 

Mark Shelley, son of William Shelley; born in England, March 14th, 
1825. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Ne- 
braska ; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived at 
Jefferson City in 1864. Occupation, miller. Residence, Townsend. 

Mrs. M. Shelley, nee Sampson; born in England. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across 
the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived at Jefferson City in 1864. Resi- 
dence, Townsend. 

Mark H. Shelley, son of Mark Shelley; born in Minnesota, August 
4th, 1856. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across 
the plains via Colorado, 1859; arrived at Jefferson City in 1864. Occu- 
pation, miller. Residence, Townsend. 

John A. Smith, son of John Smith; born in Saline County, Missouri, 
October 12th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1851; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Townsend. 

James S. Stuart, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Crow 
Creek. Member Council, Eighth (extra) Session, 1873, and Regular Ses- 
sion, 1874, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs. a. B. Thompson, nee Cora B. Filson, daughter of George M. 
Filson. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains via Denver; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Last address, 
Winston. 

Job Thompson, arrived in Montana, April ist, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Townsend. 




FRANK G. HIGGINS 
W. W. ALDERSON MRS. M. A. MILLEGAN 

FRANK H. WOODY, President, 1887 

CORNELIUS BRAY 
W. L. MILLEGAN 



6. H. CROUNSE 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 6i 

Thomas Tosten, born at Bergen, Norway, in August, 1820, Came to 
the United States in 1843. Place of departure for Montana, Mineral 
Point, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia 
City, July 13th, 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Toston. 

Benjamin Townsley, born at Lachine, Canada East, January 25th, 
1840. Came to the United States in 1853. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Deer Lodge, 
August 15th, 1862. Occupation, miner and ranchman. Last address, Ra- 
dersburg. 

Frank Wells, born at Weathersfield, Connecticut, March 29th, 1828. 
Place of departure for Montana, Connecticut; route traveled, across the 
plains, Northern route via Fort Rice, Cannon Ball River, Fort Union, and 
up the Missouri River to Fort Benton ; arrived at Last Chance Gulch, 
September 22d, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Radersburg. 

J. R. Weston, son of E. C. and C. Weston ; born at Onondaga, New 
York, April 24th, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, Alleghany 
County, New York; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Biven's 
Gulch in 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Townsend. 

Henry Whaley, son of Peter and Mary Whaley; born in Ireland, 
July 6th, 1830. Came to the United States; went to California in 1850. 
Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, via Salmon 
River, Idaho; arrived at Bannack, May 29th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Townsend. 

Mrs. Henry Whaley, nee Mary Fay. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, 
May 29th, 1863. Residence, Townsend. 

John C. Whaley, native; son of Henry and Mary (Fay) Whaley; 
born at Alder Gulch, September 30th, 1864. Residence, Townsend, 

Philip H. Whaley, son of Henry and Mary (Fay) Whaley; born in 
Minnesota, February 20th, 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Minne- 
sota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, May 29th, 
1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Townsend. 

William C. Whaley, son of Henry and Mary (Fay) Whaley; born 
in Minnesota, December 19th, 1857. Place of departure for Montana, 
Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, May 
29th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Townsend. Member (Demo- 
cratic) House of Representatives, First Session, 1889-90, and Member of 
House, Second Session, 1891, State Legislative Assembly. 

Raleigh F. Wilkinson, son of Ezekiel Sankson and Maria (Free- 
land) Wilkinson; born in Platte County, Missouri, August 8th, 185 1. 



62 SOCIETY OF 

Place of departure for Montana, Brunswick, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via old overland route, up South Platte and Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 5th, 1864. Occupation, miner 
and printer. Residence, Winston. 

Enoch Wilson, arrived at Virginia City, June 22d, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Radersburg. Member House of Representatives, 
Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879; Twefth Session, 1881 ; Fifteenth and 
Extra Sessions, 1887; Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs. Lizzie Wilson, arrived in Montana, June i8th, 1864. Residence, 
Radersburg. 



CARBON COUNTY 



TAKEN from Park County. Created and boundaries defined by Act of 
March 4th, 1895. County seat established at Red Lodge. Bounda- 
ries defined by Sec. 4133, Political Code, 1895. 

J. P. Holt, born in England in 1839. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, ranchman. Residence, Absarokee. 

James R. Holt, born in England in 1837. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. 
Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Absarokee. 



CASCADE COUNTY 



TAKEN from Choteau County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
of September 19th, 1887, to take effect December 12th, 1887. At- 
tached to Choteau County for legislative and judicial purposes till Feb- 
ruary 1st, 1888. County seat established at Great Falls. Boundaries 
defined by Sec. 4122, Political Code, 1895. Boundaries changed by Act of 
March ist, 1897. Boundaries extended by Act of February 28th, 1899. 

James C. Adams, son of Lott and Rebecca (May) Adams ; born in 
Morgan County, Kentucky, December nth, 1846. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 63 

Platte River, Soda Springs, Eagle Rock, and Snake River ; arrived at 
Virginia City, September loth, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock 
grower. Residence, Sun River. 

C. H. Austin, born at St. Albans, Vermont, February 6th, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Vermont ; route traveled, across the 
plains via California, 1863 ; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupa- 
tion, cattle raiser. Residence, Hardy. 

William F. Bullard, son of William L. and Ann F. Bullard ; born 
in LaFayette County, Missouri, in 1844. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, via South Platte, Cache la 
Poudre, Soda Springs, and Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, Sep- 
tember loth, 1864. Occupation, foreman. Residence, Great Falls. 

Timothy E. Collins, son of John and Julia (Holland) Collins; born 
in County Cork, Ireland, April 25th, 1844. Came to the United States in 
1852, Place of departure for Montana, Wabash, Indiana, February, 1864; 
route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado; arrived at Bannack, 
in November, 1864. Occupation, mining. Residence, Great Falls. Mem- 
ber House of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70; Council, Seventh 
Session, 1871-2; Fifteenth Session, 1887; Territorial Legislative Assembly. 
Member Constitutional Conventions of 1884 and of 1889. Candidate for 
Governor 1892. State Treasurer, 1897-1901. 

Henry L. DesCombes, son of Frederick and Cristena DesCombes; 
born in Saint Louis County, Missouri, December nth, 1838. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, via St. Joseph, 
Overland, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 5th, 
1864. Occupation, Justice of the Peace. Residence, Belt. 

Pauline Edgerton, daughter of Sidney and Mary (Wright) Edgerton ; 
born at Akron, Summit County, Ohio, July nth, 1858. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Akron, Ohio, June 2d, 1863; route traveled, via Cleve- 
land, Detroit, Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, the North Platte, Sweet- 
water, South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, 
Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived at Ban- 
nack, September 17th, 1863. Occupation, librarian. Residence, Akron, 
Ohio. 

Sidney Carter Edgerton, son of Sidney and Mary (Wright) Edger- 
ton ; born at Akron, Summit County, Ohio. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Akron, Ohio, June 2d, 1863; route traveled, via Cleveland, Detroit, 
Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, the North Platte, Sweetwater, South 
Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, 
Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived at Bannack, Septem- 
ber 17th, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Last address, Great Falls. Deceased. 



64 SOCIETY OF 

Jesse F. Edwards, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

John J. Ellis, son of Daniel and Jane Ellis; born at Summer Hill, 
Pike County, Illinois, February 5th, 1844. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Summer Hill, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Boze- 
man Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August ist, 1864. Occupation, 
stock grower. Residence, Great Falls. Commissioner, Lewis and Clarke 
County. 

James C. Emerson, born in Holt County, Missouri, in 1844. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado Springs, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City, July 28th, 1864. Residence, Great 
Falls. 

J. P. Ford, born in Greene County, Missouri, April 3d, 1859. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Last address. 
Sun River Crossing. 

Robert Simpson Ford, son of John C. and Henrietta W. (Simpson) 
Ford; born at Franklin, Simpson County, Kentucky, January 14th, 1842. 
Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route traveled, 
via Platte River, Pole Creek, Bridger Pass, Bitter Creek, Ham's Fork, Soda 
Springs, and Snake River; arrived at Deer Lodge, November 25th, 1864. 
Occupation, banker. Residence, Great Falls. Member of Council, Tenth 
Session, 1877; twelfth Session, 1881 ; Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

William H. Ford, born at Springfield, Missouri, April 5th, i860. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Last address, 
Sun River Crossing. 

M. Furnell, born at Woodstock, Canada, in June, 1841 ; went across 
the plains to California in i860. Place of departure for Montana, Cariboo, 
British Columbia; route traveled, via the Kootenai country; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Last address, 
Sun River. 

Nathan Gibson, arrived at Virginia City, February 9th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, carpenter and farmer. Residence, Truly. 

Thomas L. Gorham, born in Missouri, October 29th, 1829. Place of 
departure for Montana, College .Mound, Macon County, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, September loth, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address. Cascade. Member House of Represen- 
tatives, Third Session (extraordinary), 1866; Fifteenth and Extra Sessions, 
1887; Territorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 

F. George Heldt, son of Bernard and Anna Heldt; born in Jeffer- 
son County, New York, July I2th, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 65 

Watertown, New York; route traveled, via St. Lawrence River and Lakes 
to Chicago, Illinois, railroad to Grinnell, Iowa, stagecoach to Omaha, 
Nebraska; thence by private teams; arrived at Virginia City, August nth, 
1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Great Falls. 

Camillus Imoda (S. J.). Arrived in Montana, September 23d, 1859. 
Calling, Priest. Deceased. 

John Largent, son of John W. and Mary Jane Largent; born in 
Hampshire County, Virginia. March nth, 1839. Place of departure for 
Montana, Peoria, Illinois ; route traveled, down the Illinois River to St. 
Louis, Missouri; thence up the Missouri River to Fort Benton with the 
American Fur Company; arrived at Fort Benton about July 27th, 1862. 
Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Sun River. 

Edgar Gleim Maclay, son of John Maclay; born at Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania, August 26th, 1844. Place of departure for Montana, St. 
Louis, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, November ist, 1863. Occupation, freighter and merchant. Last 
address, Great Falls. One of the proprietors of the Diamond R. freight 
line. Deceased. 

Thomas W. Murphy, arrived at Beaver Creek, August 3d, 1864. Last 
address. Cascade. 

Benard Wilson Murray, son of William M. and Julia Murray; 
born at Carthage, JefTerson County, New York, February 20th, 1839. 
Place of departure for Montana, Niles, Michigan ; route traveled, Bridger 
Cut Off via Clark's Fork and the Yellowstone ; arrived at Virginia City, 
July loth, 1864. Occupation, wagon maker. Residence, Sun River. 

Ira Myers, son of John Porter and Susan (Arnett) Myers; born at 
Middletown, Ohio. December i8th, 1839. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger 
and Sublette's Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, May 15th, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, mines and real estate. Residence, Great Falls. 

Alexander Pambrun, born in British Columbia, April 30th, 1829. 
Came to United States. Place of departure for Montana, Fort Van- 
couver, Washington Territory; route traveled, overland via Walla Walla 
and Oregon; arrived in Montana in 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address. Fort Shaw. 

Jennison L. Perkins, son of Jesse Green and Mary Ann Perkins; 
born at Lee's Summit, Jackson County, Missouri, February 17th, 1843. 
Place of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri ; route traveled, 
via Bridger Cut Off with Jacob's party; arrived at Virginia City, July 
nth, 1864. Occupation, real estate and stockman. Residence, Cascade. 

M. P.-5 



66 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. M. a. Plassman, ncc Martha A. Edgerton, daughter of Sidney 
and Mary (Wright) Edgerton ; born at Akron, Summit County, Ohio, in 
September, 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Akron, Ohio; route 
traveled, via Cleveland, Detroit. Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, the 
North Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Black- 
foot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse 
Prairie; arrived at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Occupation, insur- 
ance. Residence, Great Falls. 

Mrs. F. a. Riggin, nee Ida L Jordan, daughter of Harrison Jordan ; 
born in Iowa, November 19th, i860. Place of departure for Montana, 
California; route traveled, overland via Nevada; arrived in Montana in 
1864. Residence, Great Falls. 

Benjamin R. Roberts, son of W. Kemp and Mary J. (Rohrer) Rob- 
erts; born in Andrew County, Missouri. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, in 
August, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Cascade. 

John Spencer, born in Ireland in 1844. Came to the United States 
in 1854. Place of departure for Montana, Canada; route traveled, across 
the plains to Nevada, thence overland; arrived in Montana in 1862. Oc- 
cupation, miner and farmer. Last address. Sun River. 

George Travis, son of James and Elizabeth Travis; born at Bishop 
Sutton, Somersetshire, England, in 1842. Place of departure for Montana, 
Coalmont, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania; route traveled, via North 
Platte and Bozeman route; arrived at Virginia City in September, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Cascade. 

Robert Vaughn, son of Edward and Elizabeth (Davis) Vaughn ; born 
in Montgomeryshire, Wales, January 5th, 1837. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, McLean County, Illinois; route traveled, 
across the plains via overland trail; arrived at Virginia City, June 13th, 
1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Great Falls. 

Allen W. Woods, son of Patrick and Eliza Woods; born in Lafay- 
ette County, Missouri, February 24th, 1857. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Joseph, Missouri, May 17th, 1864; route traveled, overland road, 
South Platte, and Soda Springs, Idaho; arrived at Virginia City, October 
loth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Hardy. 

Patrick Woods, son of Adam and Elizabeth Woods; born in Char- 
iton County, Missouri, June i8th, 1819. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via South Platte, 
Cache la Poudre, and Soda Springs, Idaho ; arrived at Virginia City, 
September loth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Hardy. 



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|_TILD£j>jfoUKDATrONS 




MONTANA PIONEERS 67 

CHOTEAU COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries defined by Act of February 2d, 1865. S. L., 
page 531. County seat established at Fort Benton. Amended by 
Act of December 12th, 1867. Attached to Lewis and Clarke County for 
judicial purposes by Act of January 4th, 1872. Boundaries defined by 
Act of January 12th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 432, Boundaries defined 
by Act of February 5th, 1876. Boundaries defined, Revised Statutes, 1879, 
page 477. Boundaries changed by Act of March 12th, 1885. Boundaries 
defined by Sec. 738, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 837. 
Boundaries changed by Act of February 6th, 1893. Boundaries defined 
by Sec. 41 15, Political Code, 1895. 

James M. ArnOUX, born at New York City, New York, in 1841. Place 
of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the 
Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in 1862. Occupation, stock raiser. 
Residence, Fort Benton. 

T. M. Ault. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Spread Eagle ; arrived 
at Fort Benton, June 21st, 1862. Occupation, trader. Last address. 
Fort Benton. 

Walter S. Barrett, born in Duchess County, New York, in 1831. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bitter Creek and Fort Hall; arrived at Bannack, Septem- 
ber loth, 1863. 

Samuel Burd, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Barnes) Burd; born at 
Richland, Oswego County, New York, February 15th, 18 14. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Grand Rapids, Michigan; route traveled, via Chicago, 
St. Joseph, and across the plains via Chimney Rock, Red Bluffs, and 
Bridger Cut Off, overtook Bridger's train at Clark's Fork; arrived at 
Virginia City, July loth, 1864. Occupation, stock grower. Last address, 
Choteau. Died, September 1st, 1891. 

Myron Hawley Burd, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Fames) Burd; 
born at Perrington, Oneida County, New York, February 4th, 1824. Place 
of departure for Montana, Grand Rapids, Michigan; route traveled, via 
Chicago, St. Joseph, Missouri, and across the plains via Red Bluffs and 
Bridger Cut Off, overtook Bridger's train at Clark's Fork of the Stinking, 
water River; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. Occupation, freighter. 
Last address, Choteau. Died in Illinois in 1876. 

Samuel Conrad Burd, son of Myron Hawley and Elizabeth (Phillips) 
Burd ; born at Oquawka, Henderson County, Illinois, July 1st, 1849. 



68 SOCIETY OF 

Place of departure for Montana, Grand Rapids, Michigan ; route traveled, 
via Chicago, St. Joseph, Missouri, and across the plains via Red Bluffs 
and Bridger Cut Off; overhauled Bridger's first outfit on Clark's Fork of 
the Stinkingwater River; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, stock grower. Last address, Choteau. Died, July 26th, 1892. 

Mrs. Nettie Caryl, arrived at Fort Benton, September 8th, 1864, 
Last address, Fort Benton. 

Thomas Clary, born at St. Louis, Missouri, December 5th, 1842. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1862. Occupation, freighter (Diamond 
R. Co.), stock raiser. Residence, Fort Benton. 

Joseph Copall, bom in Italy. Came to the United States in 1849. 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up 
the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in 185 1. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Fort Benton. Mr. Copall was in the employ of the Amer- 
ican Fur Company for many years as hunter and trapper. 

Andrew Dawson, born at Dalkeith, Scotland. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in 1857. Occupa- 
tion, trader. Last address, Scotland. Died in 1873. Was a partner in 
firm of Pieere Choteau, Jr., & Co. from 1857 to 1864. 

Gaspard F. Deletraz, son of Claud and Claudine (Dermazo) Dele- 
traz ; born at Annecy, Haute Savoie, Italy (now France), May nth, 1824. 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, San Fran- 
cisco, California; route traveled, via Oregon and Washington Territory 
and Walla Walla trail; arrived at Helena in September, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, cook. Residence, Fort Benton. 

William H. DeRiar. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, 
Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Spread Eagle; 
arrived at Fort Benton, June 21st, 1862. Occupation, trader. Last ad- 
dress. Fort Benton. 

G. B. Hamilton, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. 

Thomas B. Harwood, son of Albert G. and Delilah Harwood ; born 
in Scott County, Kentucky, October 24th, 1834. Place of departure for 
Montana, Kentucky; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack 
in 1862. Occupation, stock raiser. 

John Hezekiah. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route 
traveled, across the plains via Northern route with Fisk Expedition ; 
arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, hotel keeper. Last address. 
Fort Benton. Died in October, 1898. 




FORT BENTON 



THE f<.- '^ 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOP 
TILDEM i 



roN?- 



MONTANA PIONEERS 69 

Joseph S. Hill, born in Florida in 1848; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last ad- 
dress. Fort Benton. Deceased. 

J. J. Kennedy, born in Richland County, Ohio, March 17th, 1840. 
Place of departure for Montana, Fort Wayne, Indiana; went across the 
plains to The Dalles, Washington Territory, in i860; route traveled, via 
Walla Walla and the Big Hole Pass ;' arrived at Pioneer Gulch, Gold 
Creek, in 1862. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Last address, Fort 
Benton. 

Edward W. Lewis, born in Kankakee County, Illinois, in March, 
1844. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, freighter and 
farmer. Last address. Fort Benton. 

H. M. Mandeville. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Spread Eagle ; 
arrived at Fort Benton, June 21st, 1862. Occupation, trader. Last ad- 
dress. Fort Benton. 

James McDevitt, born in Pennsylvania in 1849. Place of departure 
for Montana, Pennsylvania; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in 
Montana in 1863. Occupation, trader and freighter. Last address, Fort 
Benton. 

James H. Morley. Place of departure for Montana, St Louis, Mis- 
souri ; route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Spread Eagle; 
arrived at Fort Benton, June 21st, 1862. Last address, Fort Benton. 

Mrs. Robert F. Morris, nee Regina A. Denble, daughter of Charles 
F. and Catharine (Knowles) Denble; born at Glenwood, Mills County, 
Iowa, February 13th, 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Glenwood, 
Iowa, May 17th, 1864; route traveled, ^'Z« Bozeman trail; arrived at Boze- 
man, August nth, 1864. Residence, Chinook. 

David Morrow, son of Malcolm and Jennette Morrow; born in On- 
tario, Canada, October 12th, 1852. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains to Denver, 
Colorado, in i860, thence via Black Hills; arrived at Alder Gulch in 
March, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Fort Benton. 

Malcolm Morrow, born in Canada, November 7th, 1823. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains via Denver, Colorado, in i860; arrived at Biven's Gulch 
in 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Last address, Fort Benton. 

Malcolm Morrow, Jr., son of Malcolm and Jennette Morrow; born 
in Canada, February 7th, 1848. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; 
route traveled, across the plains to Denver, Colorado, in i860; arrived at 



70 SOCIETY OF 

Alder Gulch in March, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Last 
address, Fort Benton. 

RUFUS Payne, born at Richmond, Kentucky, February i8th, 1831. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City in November, 1863. Occupation, 
blacksmith. Last address. Fort Benton. 

Thomas B. Pitcher. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Spread Eagle; 
arrived at Fort Benton, June 21st, 1862, Occupation, trader. Last ad- 
dress. Fort Benton. 

Charles Richter, born in Saxony, Germany, in May, 1832. Came 
to the United States in 1853. Place of departure for Montana, Spring- 
field, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Alder Gulch 
in 1863. Occupation, sheep raiser. Last address, Fort Benton. 

Jacob Smith, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Charles Thomas, born at Cleveland, Ohio, in 1843. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Louisville, Kentucky; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Benton in 1862. Occupation, ranchman and lum- 
berman. Last address, Fort Conrad. 

R. S. TiNGLEY, born at Marshall City, Illinois, December 25, 1841. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Bannack in 1862. Occupation, hunter, freighter, and 
stock raiser. Last address, Fort Benton. 



CUSTER COUNTY 



CREATED as Big Horn County and boundaries defined by Act of Feb- 
ruary 2d, 1865, S. L., page 531. Attached for legislative and judicial 
purposes to Gallatin County. Boundaries defined by Act of January 12th, 
1872, Codified Statutes, page 432. Name changed by Act of Febru- 
ary i6th, 1877. Boundaries defined, Revised Statutes, 1879, page 478. 
Amended by Act of February 26th, 1883. Boundaries defined by Sec. 
740, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 838. Boundaries defined 
by Sec. 411 7, Political Code, 1895. Boundaries changed by Act of March 
5th, 1897. County seat, Miles City. 

George Adams, born in Kentucky in 183 1. Place of departure for 
Montana, Andrew County, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via 




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MONTANA PIONEERS • 71 

Fort Bridger; arrived in Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Miles City. 

Charles Brown, born at Oehringen, Wurtemberg, Germany, in 1834. 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Salt Lake 
City, Utah; route traveled, via Malad Valley; arrived at Bannack in 
1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Miles City. 

Benjamin F. Green, son of John and Elizabeth Green; born in Mis- 
souri, October 31st, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado*, 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Echetah. 

William Grimes, born at Dublin, Ireland. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, San Francisco, California ; route traveled 
overland via Walla Walla, Washington Territory; arrived at Gold Creek 
in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Miles City. 

John C. Guy, son of John and Mary Guy; born in Virginia, March 
31st, 1823. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger ; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 
1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Echetah. 

Christopher C. Harcum, born in Northumberland County, Virginia, 
in 1827. Place of departure for Montana, Washington Territory; route 
traveled over the mountains via Lo Lo trail ; arrived in Bitter Root 
Valley in July, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Etna. Deceased. 

William B. S. Higgins, son of Robert and Esther (Hamilton) Hig- 
gins ; born at Truro, Colchester County, Nova Scotia, September 22d, 
1834. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Walla 
Walla, Washington Territory ; route traveled via the Mullan road over 
the Coeur d'Alene Mountains; arrived at Fort Owen, August i6th, i860. 
Occupation, carpenter in charge of work, Indian department, and farmer. 
Residence, Rancher. 

George W. Liscom, son of Martin and Elizabeth (See) Liscom; born 
at Glasgow, Scotland, in 1844. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Walla Walla, Washington Territory; route traveled, 
over the mountains via Mullan road; arrived at Fort Owen, September 
3d, 1862. Occupation, stage driver, now farmer. Residence, Brandenburg. 

Howard Sprague, born in Ohio in 181 5. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Sublette's Cut Off; 
arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Miles City. 

Edward Stoning, born in Iowa in 1840. Place of departure for 
Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah ; route traveled, overland, via Malad 
Valley; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Miles City. 



72 SOCIETY OF 

Charles Walker, born in Alleghany County, New York, August 28th, 
1822; went across the plains to Oregon in 1844. Place of departure for 
Montana, Oregon; route traveled, via Florence, Idaho, and Boise Basin; 
arrived in Montana in 1862. Occupation, probate judge. Last address, 
Miles City. 

John S. Warn, born at Elmira, New York. Place of departure for 
Montana, Dixon, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman 
Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner. Last ad- 
dress, Miles City. 



DAWSON COUNTY 



T 



AKEN from Big Horn County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
^ approved January 15th, 1869. County seat established at Fort Peck. 
Attached to Choteau County for legislative purposes. Attached to 
Meagher County for judicial purposes by Act of January 4th, 1872. 
Boundaries defined by Act of January 12th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 
432. Boundaries defined, Revised Statutes, 1879, P^g^ 477- Bound- 
aries defined by Sec. 739, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 
838. Boundaries defined by Sec. 41 16, Political Code, 1895. County seat, 
Glendive. 

Mrs. Martha Allen, born at Fayette City, Pennsylvania, April 6th, 
1819. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the 
plains, up the Platte River, and via Lander Cut Off ; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in October, 1864. Last address, Glendive. 

William Lowe, born in England in 1829. Came to the United States 
in 1839. Place of departure for Montana, Canton, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, hardware 
merchant. Last address, Glendive. Mr. Lowe was one of the discoverers 
of Emigrant Gulch. 



DEER LODGE COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries defined by Act approved February 2d, 1865, 
S. L. page 529. County seat established at Silver Bow, changed to 
Deer Lodge City by Act of December loth, 1867. Boundaries changed 
by Act of January 12th, 1869. Boundaries defined by Act of January 
I2th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 429. Boundaries defined by Act of 



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FLATHEAD 




GRANITE 



SILVERBOW 



MONTANA PIONEERS 73 

February 5th, 1876. Boundaries defined, Revised Statutes, 1879, page 
474. Boundaries defined by Sec. 731, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 
1887, page 833. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4108, Political Code, 1895. 
Boundaries changed by Act of February 28th, 1899. County seat changed 
to Anaconda by vote of the people. 

Thomas Adams, arrived at Gold Creek in 1857. Occupation, miner 
and trader. 

O. P. Agnew, born in Ohio in 1827. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at 
Bannack in June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Pioneer. 

Edmund Alfieldt, born in Germany in 1833. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Kootenai Country ; route traveled 
over the mountains via Missoula; arrived at Gernian Gulch in September, 
1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Anaconda. 

W. N. Allen, born in Missouri in 1839. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Utah ; route traveled, via Bridger road ; arrived at Bannack in 
March, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Anaconda. 

Thomas Arrias, bom in South America in 1835. Place of departure 
for Montana, British Columbia; route traveled, via Walla Walla, Washing- 
ton Territory; arrived at Deer 'Lodge in August, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Thomas Aspling, born in England in 1818. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in September, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. Thomas Aspling, born at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1833. 
Place of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri ; route traveled, 
across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at Alder Gulch in Sep- 
tember, 1864. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

James M. Bailey, born in Maine, July 13th, 1826. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Grant County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Last 
address. Deer Lodge City. Died, November 15th, 1888. 

W. T. Ballard, born in Kentucky in 1834. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; 
arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Pioneer. 

D. R. Beck, born in Pennsylvania in 1821. Place of departure for 
Montana, Chicago, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via North 
Platte; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, carpenter. 
Residence, Anaconda. 



74 SOCIETY OF 

John Bielenberg, son of Claus and Geshen Bielenberg; born in 
Holstein, Germany, May ist, 1846. Came to the United States in 1854. 
Place of departure for Montana, Davenport, Iowa ; route traveled, via 
Grinnell, Iowa, end of railroad, Council Bluffs, Omaha, overland trail. 
North Platte, Bridger, Laramie, Soda Springs, Sweetwater route. Bear 
River, and Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, July 7th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, stock raiser. Residence, Deer Lodge City. 

Francis R. Bill, born in England in 18 19. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. 
Occupation, trader. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Charles Grandison Birdseye, son of Nathan Gould and Mrs. (Piatt) 
Birdseye ; born at Huntington, Connecticut, April 15th, 1822; went to 
California via Isthmus of Panama; arrived at San Francisco, May ist, 1850. 
Place of departure for Montana, Oregon ; route traveled, overland via 
MuUan road and St. Regis de Borgia; arrived at Gold Creek in July, 
1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Avon. 

Samuel Black, born in Ireland in 1831. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

John Bolt, son of Henry and Mary Ann (Way) Bolt ; born at sea, 
off Massachusetts, April 22d, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, 
Portland, Oregon ; route traveled, horseback with pack animals via Elk 
City, Idaho, and Nez Perces trail; arrived at Pioneer Gulch, August 20th, 
1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

J. W. Brock, born in Ohio in 1838. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall ; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Beartown. 

Alexander Brown, born in Alabama in 1857. Place of departure 
for Montana, Tennessee; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, 
Salt Lake, and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in July, 1863. Occu- 
pation, prison guard. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Asa a. Brown. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, across the plains via South Pass, Kinney Cut Off to Ham's 
Fork of Green River, Bear River, Soda Springs, Blackfoot to Rickard's 
Ferry on Snake River, William's Junction via Sage Creek; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, June nth, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Last address. Deer 
Lodge. Member Council, Sixth Session, 1869-70; President of the Coun- 
cil, Ninth Session, 1876; Member Council, Tenth Session, 1877; Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 75 

Frederick H. Burr, arrived at Gold Creek, 1857. Occupation, miner 
and trader. Member Constitutional Convention, 1866. 

Frederick Bussier, born in Canada in 1831. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

John H. Buxton, born in New Hampshire in 1829. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort 
Bridger; arrived at Alder Gulch in April, 1864. Occupation, mechanic. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. Montana Cantner, born in Colorado in i860. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Laramie 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack in July, 1863. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. 

George W. Carleton, born in Illinois in 1845. Place of departure 
for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut 
Off; arrived at Bannack, August 19th, 1863. Occupation, printer. Resi- 
dence, Deer Lodge. 

Benjamin Carr, born in New Jersey in 1824. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; 
arrived at Bannack, April 20th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Blackfoot City. 

Mrs. Martin Carr, born in England in 1829. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1864. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Benjamin Catlen. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, July 26th, 
1864. Occupation, freighter. 

Samuel Clem, son of Bartlet and Nancy (Osborn) Clem ; born in 
Warren County, Indiana, April 17th, 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Sidney, Fremont County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via 
Nebraska City, Julesburg, North Platte, South Pass, and Soda Springs ; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, September 12th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. 
Residence, Sunset. 

George Cockrell, son of George H. and Elizabeth (Duffy) Cockrell ; 
born at Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia, May ist, 1838. Place 
of departure for Montana, Fort Laramie, Wyoming ; route traveled, via 
Emigrant road to Sweetwater, Lander Cut Off to Snake River, old 
Morman road to Fort Lemhi, Nez Perces trail to Elk Creek, Idaho ; arrived 



76 SOCIETY OF 

at Big Hole, August ist, 1862. Occupation, freighter and merchant. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

David Cohen, Sr., son of A. and Ida Cohen; born at Exin, Prussia, 
Germany, February i6th, 1838. Came to the United States in 1855. Place 
of departure for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas; route traveled, across 
the plains via the North Platte; arrived at Virginia City, June 22d, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Anaconda. 

Charles Cooper, born in Washington County, Ohio, November 21st, 
1829; went across the plains to California in 1850. Place of departure for 
Montana, California; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
October 13th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helmville. 

Peter Coyle, born in Ireland in 1839. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Benton in July, 1864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Deer Lodge. 

John Daly, born at Ballinrobe, County Mayo, Ireland, in December, 
1838. Came to the United States in 1854. Place of departure for Mo.n- 
tana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the the plains via old 
Cherokee trail; arrived at East Bannack in July, 1862. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Cable. 

Walter B. Dance, born near Wilmington, Delaware, in 1820. Place 
of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Gold Creek in 1862. Occupation, miner and merchant. 
Last address. Deer Lodge. Member Council, Fifth Session, 1868-9; Presi- 
dent of Council, Sixth Session, 1869-70; Member Eighth (extra) Session, 
1873, and Regular Session, 1874; Territorial Legislative Assembly. Died 
October 4th, 1878. 

Esna D. Dashiell, born in Maryland in 1829. Place of departure 
for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains and via British 
Columbia; arrived at Flathead Lake in August, 1864. Occupation, car- 
penter. Last address. Deer Lodge. Deceased, 1899. 

Isaac Dean, son of Isaac and Charlotte Dean ; born at Ontario, Wayne 
County, New York, June 23d, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, 
Fort Wayne, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains 77V? Bozeman Cut 
Off with J. M. Bozeman's train; arrived at Virginia City, July 29th, 1864. 
Occupation, clerk. Residence, Macedon, Wayne County, New York. 

Charles William Edwards, son of William R. H. and Olive A. 
Edwards; born at Fort Wayne, Allen County, Indiana, August 31st, 1862. 
Place of departure for Montana, Fort Wayne, Indiana; route traveled, 
across the plains via Pike's Peak, Denver, Cheyenne, and Greene River; 



MONTANA PIONEERS 77 

arrived at Alder Gulch, August 14th, 1864. Occupation, smelting and 
metallurgy. Residence, Anaconda. 

Mrs. O. H. Edwards, born in Indiana in 1839. Place of departure 
for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut 
Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 14th, 1864. Residence, Stuart. 

W. R. H. Edwards, born in Pennsylvania in 1833. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains via Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Stuart. 

Frederick Eggers, born in Germany in 1843. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, up 
the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in May, 1864, Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Beartown. 

Henry Eppel, born in France in 1844. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Benton in July, 1864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Beartown. 

Morgan Evans, born in Wales, June 30th, 1833. Came to the United 

States in 1856. Place of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, 

overland; arrived at Virginia City, May 12th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Anaconda. 

Mrs. Morgan Evans, nee Ann Evans, daughter of Morgan and Sarah 
Ann Evans; born in Wales. Came to the United States in 1856. Place 
of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, via Pleasant Valley di- 
vide; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Last address. Anaconda. 

Philip Emanuel Evans, son of Thomas Emanuel and Mary (Chal- 
mers) Evans; born in Cooper County, Missouri, in September, 1835. Place 
of departure for Montana, Boonville, Missouri ; route traveled, up the 
Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in spring of 1864. Occupation, 
farmer and stock grower. Last address. Deer Lodge City. Died, May 
nth, 1889. 

Rachel Evans, native; daughter of Morgan and Ann (Evans) Evans; 
born at Virginia City, Montana, October 12th, 1864. Last address. Mill 
Creek. 

Robert Evans, born in Wales in 1834. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Fort Bridger, Wyoming; route traveled, 
overland; arrived at Bannack in April, 1863. Occupation, hotel keeper. 
Residence, Anaconda. 

Robert Fenner, born at Zurich, Switzerland, November 23d, 1845. 
Came to the United States in 1863. Place of departure for Montana, 



78 SOCIETY OF 

Switzerland; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in 
October, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Anaconda. 

Peter Foley, born in Ireland in 1833. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, via Camas Prairie; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in March, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Deer Lodge. 

A. W. Fox, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Mrs. Fannie Gammon, arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Deceased. 

Israel Gibbs, born in Pennsylvania in 1842. Place of departure for 
Montana, Pennsylvania; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Snyder 
and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Warm Springs. Member House of Representatives, 
Sixth Session, 1869-70, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

James L. Goodwin, son of James B. and Mildred (Powell) Goodwin; 
born in Morgan County, Missouri, March loth, 1836. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte 
River and Lander Cut Off; arrived in the Stinkingwater Valley in Septem- 
ber, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Last address. Warm Springs. 

Mrs. R. a. Goodwin, born in Virginia in 1839. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte 
River and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Stinkingwater River in September, 
1864. Residence, Warm Springs. 

Thomas Griffith, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Mrs. Anna Hansen, born in Denmark in 185 1. Came to the United 
States; went across the plains to Utah. Place of departure for Montana, 
Utah; route traveled, via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in Octo- 
ber, 1864, Residence, Deer Lodge. 

L. C. Hansen, born in Denmark, May 22d, 1832. Came to the United 
States in 1856. Place of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, 
via Soda Springs, Idaho; arrived in Alder Gulch in 1863, Occupation, 
farmer and stock raiser. Last address. Deer Lodge City. 

Mrs. L. C. Hansen, nee Mary Jensen. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Utah; route traveled, via Soda Springs, Idaho; arrived in Alder 
Gulch in 1863. Last address, Deer Lodge City. 

NiLES Hansen, born in Denmark, June i6th, 185 1. Came to the United 
States in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, 
via Soda Springs, Idaho; arrived in Alder Gulch in 1863, Occupation, 
miner and farmer. Last address. Deer Lodge City. 

A. Hardenbrook, arrived in Montana in 1864. 



,VV0. ^jj 



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MRS. W. F. SANDERS 

J. H. KENNEDY ARTHUR GRAHAM 

WILBUR F. SANDERS, President, 1888 



H. A. MIUOT 



F. L. WORDEN 



E. W. TOOLE 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 79 

Henry S. Harris, born in Pennsylvania in 1838. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; 
arrived at V^irginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, 
Deer Lodge. 

Robert T. Harris, born in Pennsylvania in 1833. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains, via Bridger Cut Off; 
arrived at Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, 
Deer Lodge. 

J. H. Helms, born at Bremen, Germany, in 1832. Came to the United 
States in 1848; went to California in 1852. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, California. Route traveled, overland; arrived in Montana in 1864. 
Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address, Helmsville. 

William Allen Hensley, son of Lewis and Clarissa (Crawford) 
Hensley; born in Scott County, Kentucky, April 30th, 1835. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, miner and merchant. Last 
address, Stuart. Died, January 2d, 1892. 

William W. Higgins, born in Kentucky in iSio. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri; route trav'eled, up the Missouri River; arrived at 
Deer Lodge in July, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. 

William Hyde, bom at Sleaford, England. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, via Snake River; 
arrived in Montana in October, 1864. Occupation, jeweler. Last address. 
Deer Lodge. 

Cyrus Stone Ingersoll, son of Simon and Deborah Ingersoll; born 
at Hammondsport, Steuben County, New York, December i8th, 1814. 
Place of departure for Montana, Belvidere, Illinois; route traveled, via St. 
Joseph, Missouri, Lander Cut Off, and Snake River; arrived at Nevada 
City, Alder Gulch, June 13th, 1864. Profession, physician and surgeon. 
Residence, Avon. 

Mrs. C. E. Irvine, arrived in Montana, July 20th, 1864. Residence, 
Deer Lodge. 

David C. Irvine, born at Richmond, Kentucky, in 1844. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via the 
Platte River, Fort Laramie, Sublette's Cut Off, and Soda Springs; arrived 
at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Deer Lodge. 

David L. Irvine, born at Richmond, Kentucky, September nth, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains 



8o SOCIETY OF 

via Fort Laramie, Sublette's Cut Off, and Soda Springs ; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in September, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Deer 
Lodge. Member Constitutional Convention, 1866. Died, September 22d, 
1872. 

Edwin Hart Irvine, son of William L. and Fanny (Hart) Irvine ; 
born near Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky, October nth, 1837. 
Place of departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Platte River; arrived at Virginia City, September i6th, 
1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address. Deer Lodge City. 
Died, December 12th, 1898. 

Mrs. E. H. Irvine, nee Anna Eliza Forbis, daughter of Jonathan F. 
and America A. (Perrin) Forbis ; born in Platte County, Missouri. Place 
of departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch, September i6th, 1864. 
Last address, Deer Lodge City. 

Thomas C. Irvine, born at Richmond, Kentucky, in 1842. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains along 
the Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Anthony Jacques, son of John and Catherine (Kribling) Jacques ; 
born in France, February 27th, 1834. Came to the United States in 1847. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pike County, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via North Platte River and Bridger Cut Off ; arrived 
at Bannack in August, 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Resi- 
dence, Warm Springs. 

George Jacques, son of John and Catherine (Kribling) Jacques; born 
in France, March 4th, 1843. Came to the United States in 1847. Place 
of departure for Montana, Pike County, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains via North Platte River and Bridger Cut Off ; arrived at Ban- 
nack in August, 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, 
Warm Springs. 

RUFUS Johnson, son of Smith and Zibby Johnson ; born in Chautauqua 
County, New York, January i6th, 1830; went across the plains to Oregon in 
1852. Place of departure for Montana, Oregon; route traveled, across 
Idaho; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, packer and miner. Last 
address, Blackfoot City. 

Spencer Johnson, son of Alexander and Sarah Johnson ; born in In- 
diana, June 27th, 1832, Place of departure for Montana, Vinton, Benton 
County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte River; 
arrived at Virginia City, June 21st, 1864; Occupation, farmer and stock 
raiser. Last address. Warm Springs. Died, October 22d, 1898. • 



MONTANA PIONEERS 8i 

Charles B. Jones, born in Indiana in 1845. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; 
arrived at Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Anaconda. 

John Wesley Jones, born near Burlington, Des Moines County, Iowa, 
September 23d, 1843. Place of departure for Montana, Monroe County, 
Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Laurin's bridge on the 
Big Hole River in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Deer Lodge 
Valley. Made Desert Entry No. i in the Territory of Montana under 
the United States Land Laws, April 26th, 1877. 

Mrs. C. D. Joslyn, nee Nannie B. Kelley, daughter of Robert S. and 
Mary L. (Forman) Kelley; born at Kansas City, Missouri, in 1861. Place 
of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1864. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

George W. Kelley, born in Tennessee in 1842. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger, 
Bear River, and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, guard at penitentiary. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Robert S. Kelley, born at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1831. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
the Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, printer. Last address, Deer Lodge. United States Marshal, 1885-9. 
Deceased. 

Mrs. R. S. Kelley, 7iee Mary L. Forman, daughter of William and 
Nancy Forman ; born at Memphis, Scotland County, Missouri, in March, 
1840. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at Virginia City 
in September, 1864. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Fannie Kennon, arrived at Alder Gulch in July, 1863. Residence, 
Deer Lodge, 



*fc)* 



Richard T. Kennon, born in Clark County, Kentucky, in 1835. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. Last address. Deer 
Lodge. Member Council, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. Died. December 9th, 1898. 

Mrs. R. T. Kennon, born in Alabama in 1835. Place of departure for 
Montana, Tennessee ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Salt 
Lake, and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in July, 1863. Resi- 
dence, Deer Lodge. 

M. P.— 6 



82 SOCIETY OF 

Charles D. Kenyon, born in Michigan in 1837. Place of departure 
for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, via Pend d'Oreille Lake; arrived at 
Bannack in May, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Joseph C. Keppler, son of Joseph and Maria B. (Funke) Keppler; 
born in Germany, April loth, 1844. Came to the United States in 1858. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, last of July, 1864. 
Occupation, watchmaker and jeweler. Residence, Anaconda. 

Allan Kimberley, born at Ontario, Canada, October i6th, 1838. Place 
of departure for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Kearney and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, May 29th, 1864. Occupation, sheepman. Residence, Avon, 

Conrad Kohrs, son of Carston Kohrs; born in Holstein, Germany, 
August 3d, 1835. Came to the United States in 1854. Went to Cali- 
fornia in 1856 via Isthmus of Panama. Place of departure for Montana, 
Davenport, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; arrived 
at Bannack, July 28th, 1862. Occupation, cattleman. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. Member House of Representatives, Fourteenth Session, 1885; 
Territorial Legislative Assembly ; Member Constitutional Convention, 1889, 
respresenting Eighth District, Deer Lodge County; President Society Mon- 
tana Pioneers, 1895-6. 

August Koltz, born in Germany in 1837. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in October, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Louis B. Lacblin, born in Pennsylvania in 1836. Place of departure 
for Montana, Utah; route traveled, via Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack 
in April, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

William Laherty, born in Ireland in 1833. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Cut Off ; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 
1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helmville. 

Mrs. Catherine Laherty, born in Ireland in 1835. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in Septem- 
ber, 1863. Residence, Helmville. 

Frank Lapier, bom at Buffalo, New York, in 1864. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 15th, 1864. Occupation, teamster. 
Residence, Anaconda. 

Samuel Edward Larabie, son of William and Mary Ann Larrabee; 
born at Portville, Cattaraugus County, New York, June i6th, 1845. Place 



MONTANA PIONEERS 83 

of departure for Montana, Omro, Wisconsin; route traveled, via North 
Platte and Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 30th, 1864. 
Occupation, banker. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Thomas Lavaddie, born in New Mexico in 1824. Place of departure 
for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, across the mountains via the Big 
Hole; arrived at Bitter Root Valley in November, 1847. Occupation, 
trapper and guide. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

J. H. Leffler, born in Germany in 1833. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; ar- 
rived at Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stuart. 

Peter Levengood, born at Falmouth, Kentucky, in 1832. Place of 
departure for Montana, Vernon, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
along the Platte River; arrived at Virginia City, July 15th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Residence, Anaconda. 

Mrs. W. J. Livingston, arrived in Montana in 1862. 

P. F. Lull, arrived in Deer Lodge Valley, August loth, 1862. Resi- 
dence, Pueblo, Colorado. 

James Maratta, born in Pennsylvania in 1827. Place of departure 
for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; 
arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. Occupation, carpenter. Residence, 
Deer Lodge, 

Joseph Marshall, bom in Ohio in 1840. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack 
in October, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Anaconda. 

Frank Mason, son of John and Julia Mason; born at Island of Cuba, 
July 31st, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled, up Missouri River to Fort Charles; thence overland to Cot- 
tonwood City; arrived at Cottonwood City (Deer Lodge City), in May, 
1863. Occupation, ranchman and stock raiser. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

John McCaffrey, born in Huntington County, Pennsylvania, in 1831. 
Place of departure for Montana, Camp Floyd; route traveled, overland; 
arrived at Fort Benton in June, 1859. Occupation, mason. Residence, 
Deer Lodge. 

Philip McGovern, bom at Keysville, Clinton County, New York, 
September 4th, 1839. Went to Wisconsin in 1846 and to Pike's Peak, 
Colorado, in i860. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863; went on the Alder 
Gulch stampede that year. Occupation, miner. Last address. Deer Lodge 
City. Sheriff of County and Deputy United States Marshal. 



84 SOCIETY OF 

W. L. McKlNNEY, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1833. Place 
of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Sa.\t Lake City; arrived at Bannack in April, 1863. Occu- 
pation, police of^cer. Residence, Anaconda. 

Thomas B. McKinstry, born in Pennsylvania in 1824. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains along the 
Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch in July, 1864. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. 

James B. McM aster, son of William and Sarah (Boyd) McMaster; 
born at Watertown, Massachusetts, July 7th, 1839. Place of departure 
for Montana, Kalamazoo County, Michigan; route traveled, across the 
plains z'la Forts Kearney and Laramie and Lander Cut Off; arrived at 
Alder Gulch, August 20th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. Sheriff, Deer Lodge County. 

Charles E. Miller, born at Albany, Missouri, in 1857. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Black Pine. 

Finis Barnet Miller, born at Louisville, Kentucky, November 15th, 
181 5. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off ; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 2d, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Oakland, Cali- 
fornia. Died, September 29th, 1881. 

George Sloan Miller, son of Finis Barnet and Lucy Ann (Kendall) 
Miller; born at St. Joseph, Missouri, March 17th, 1855. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 2d, 1864. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Deer Lodge. Assessor, Deer Lodge County. 

John H. Miller, born at St. Joseph, Missouri, in 1859. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Black Pine. 

William Milling, born in Germany in 1835. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Pioneer. 

Armistead H. Mitchell, born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, Octo- 
ber 27th, 1831. Place of departure for Montana, Kootenai Country, British 
Columbia; route traveled, overland; arrived at Deer Lodge, April 20th, 
1864. Profession, physician. Last address. Deer Lodge. Member Coun- 
cil, Fifth Session, 1868-9; Sixth Session, 1869-70; President Seventh 



MONTANA PIONEERS 85 

Session, 1871-2; Tenth Session, 1877; President Eleventh and Extra Ses- 
sions, 1879; Twelfth Session, 1881; Thirteenth Session, 1883; Fourteenth 
Session, 1885 ; Territorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased, 1899. 

Daniel Murphy, born in County Cork, Ireland, in 1831. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Alder Gulch in September, 1863. Last address, Stuart. 

Charles Frederick Mussigbrod, born near St. Petersburg, Russia, 
January 6th, 181 5. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, April loth, 1864. 
Profession, physician. Last address, Warm Springs. Died at Berlin, Ger- 
many, May 20th, 1896. 

Mrs. Kate R. Napton, born in Kansas in 1857. Place of departure 
for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut 
Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. S. a. Nelson, nee Sarah Ann Evans, daughter of Morgan and 
Ann (Evans) Evans; born in Utah, February 19th, 1858. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Utah; route traveled, across Pleasant Valley divide; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1864. 

Frank Normandie, born in Canada in 1820. Place of departure for 
Montana, Frazer River; route traveled, across the mountains via Flathead 
Lake; arrived in Deer Lodge Valley in July, 1862. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Warm Springs. 

Peter Normandie, born in Canada in 1845. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ;• route traveled, up the Missouri River; ar- 
rived at Deer Lodge in May, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. 

John A.Nye, son of Abel and Mary Nye; born at Unadilla, Otsego 
County, New York, March 24th, 1832. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Pass, Bear 
Lake, and Snake River, crossing at Eagle Rock; arrived in Alder Gulch, 
November 12th, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Minnesela, 
Butte County, South Dakota. 

Mrs. O. B. O'Bannon, nee Fannie Irvine, daughter of William L. 
and Fannie I. (Hart) Irvine; born in Buchanan County, Missouri, in 1852. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains along the Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

James O'Donnell, born in Ireland in 1835. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Washington Territory ; route 
traveled, across the mountains via the Nez Perces trail ; arrived at Fort 
Benton in June, 1859. Occupation, miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 



86 SOCIETY OF 

Richard Grange, born at St. Louis, Missouri, in 1834. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Lar- 
amie and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, 
trader. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. R. Orange, born in Holland in 1829. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Laramie and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack in July, 
1863. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Thomas Jefferson Palmer, born in Garrard County, Kentucky, in 
1842. Place of departure for Montana, Esmeralda, California; route traveled, 
via the overland trail ; arrived at Virginia City in March, 1864. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Anaconda. 

James R. Pardee, son of James R. and Mary Pardee; born in John- 
son County, Missouri, May loth, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. 
Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address. Deer Lodge Valley. 

George Parrott, born in England in 1833. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route 
traveled, across the plains along the North Platte ; arrived at Virginia 
City in April, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Anaconda. 

William H. Patten, born in Massachusetts in 1821. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, via Nez Perces trail; arrived 
at Bannack in June, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

LOREN Peterson, born in Denmark in 1818. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in October, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. Anna Peterson, born in Denmark in 1814. Place of departure 
for Montana, Utah; route traveled, via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in October, 1864. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. B. J. Phillips, nee Ann Harriet Evans, daughter of Morgan 
and Ann (Evans) Evans; born in Utah, May 5th, 1862. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, across Pleasant Valley divide ; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Last address. Mill Creek. 

A. S. PiGHLER, born in Wurtemberg, Germany, in 1835. Came to the 
United States in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains via North Platte and Green Rivers and Fort 
Bridger; arrived at Bannack, last of May, 1863. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Deadwood, South Dakota. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 87 

Mary Pierce, born in Pennsylvania in 1854. Place of departure for 
Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut 
Off ; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Peter Pierce, born in Pennsylvania in 1839. Place of departure for 
Montana, Nevada ; route traveled, overland via Fort Hall ; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence Deer Lodge, 

Marshal D. Platner, born in Cedar County, Iowa, December 23d, 
1840. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Lander Cut Off and Soda Springs; arrived at Ban- 
nack. May 20th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Elliston. 

John H. Powell, arrived at Gold Creek, 1857. Occupation, miner 
and trader, 

William Prenevean, born in Canada in 1850, Came to the United 
States, Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, up Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in October, 1864. Occu- 
pation, laborer. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Robert Price, bom in Indiana in 1843. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Occupation, teamster. 
Residence, Anaconda. 

Bennett L. Pricer, born at Plymouth, Litchfield County, Connecticut, 
in October, 1827. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, June 20th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Elliston. 

James Purdy, born in Missouri in 1838, Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte River 
and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, 
stock raiser. Residence, Warm Springs. 

John R. Quigley, born in Wisconsin, April 19th, 1834. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Virginia City, June 21st, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, 
Ophir. 

Henry Quinlan, born in Ireland in 1832. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across 
the plains along the Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Race Track. 

Mrs. H, Quinlan, born in Illinois in 1844, Place of departure for 
Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains along the Platte River; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Residence, Race Track, 



88 SOCIETY OF 

John Quinlan, born in Ireland in 1834. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
along the Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Race Track. 

Patrick Quinlan, born in Ireland in 1830. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains along the Platte River; arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Race Track. 

Claton Ramsdell, son of Joseph and Clarissa (Williams) Ramsdell ; 
born at Quincy, Illinois, June 20th, 1853. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger ; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in November, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence Deer 
Lodge. 

R. K. Richards, born in Cornwall, England, in 1828. Came to the 
United States in 1843. Went from Wisconsin to California in 1852. 
Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, via British 
Possessions; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. 
Last address, Washington Gulch. 

Patrick Riley, born in Irelando Came to the United States. Route 
traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall ; arrived at Alder Gulch in 
June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Beartown. 

Samuel Scott, born in Venango County, Pennsylvania, in 1836. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in April, 1864. Occupation, 
hotel keeper. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

J. W. Slater, born in St. Lawrence County, New York, in 1832. Place 
of departure for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, across the mountains via 
the Mullan road; arrived at Missoula in September, 1864. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Anaconda. 

William K. Sloan, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Henry Snyder, born in Germany in 1830. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, up 
the Missouri River; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 18630 Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Beartown. 

James Osceola Steele, son of William Steele; born in South Carolina 
in 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, via 
the Cherokee trail; arrived at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Warm Springs. 

Joseph Guyton Steele, son of William Steele; born in South Car- 
olina. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, via 



MONTANA PIONEERS 89 

Cherokee trail; arrived at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. Residence, Deer 
Lodge. 

Frank Stephens, born in Ireland in 1836. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Camp Floyd, Utah; route traveled, over- 
land; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Anaconda. 

Jane P. Stephens, born in Canada in 1848. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Camp Floyd; route traveled, 
overland via Bear River; arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Anaconda. 

James Stuart, son of Robert and Nancy Currence (Hall) Stuart. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via California, 1852; arrived at Deer Lodge Valley, Washington, west of 
the Rocky Mountains, now Montana, 1857. Last address. Fort Peck Agency, 
Charter Member Historical Society of Montana. Member Constitutional 
Convention, 1866. Died, September 30th, 1873. 

Thomas Stuart, son of Robert and Nancy Currence (Hall) Stuart ; 
born in Muscatine County, Iowa, April 13th, 1839. Place of departure for 
Montana, Boise Basin, Idaho; route traveled, across the mountains via 
Camas Prairie and Lava Bed trail; arrived at Alder Gulch in May, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

J. Stuckey, born in Illinois in 1839. Place of departure for Montana, 
Illinois; route traveled, across the plains, via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at 
Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Anaconda. 

Evan P. Thomas, son of William Price and Margaret (Evans) Thomas; 
born in Wales, March 23d, 1845. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Ban- 
nack, May 25th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Anaconda. 

Joseph Henry Thomas, son of William Price and Margaret (Evans) 
Thomas; born in Utah, April 6th, 1863. Place of departure for Montana, 
Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Bannack, May 25th, 1863. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Anaconda. 

Margaret Thomas, nee Margaret Evans, daughter of John and 
Hannah Evans ; born at Llanybyther, Caermarthenshire, South Wales, 
June nth, 1819. Place of departure for Montana, Box Elder, Utah; route 
traveled, via Portneuf Canon; arrived at Bannack, May 13th, 1863. 
Residence, Anaconda. 

William Price Thomas, son of Evan and Mary Thomas ; born at Llany- 
byther, Caermarthenshire, South Wales, May 8th, 1813. Came to the 
United States in 1850 and across the plains to Utah in 1851. Place of 



90 SOCIETY OF 

departure for Montana, Box Elder, Utah ; route traveled, via Snake River, 
Portneuf Canon, and Bannack Mountain; arrived at Bannack, May 13th, 
1863. Occupation, ranchman. Last address. Anaconda. Died, May 7th, 
1894. 

Frank Threlkeld, born in Kentucky in 1845. Place of departure 
for Montana, Gallatin, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Occupation, 
ranchman. Residence, Anaconda. 

Obed M. Timberlake, born in Missouri in 1843. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut 
Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Pioneer. 

James Tompkins, born in New York, June 2 1 St, 1834. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in August, 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Pioneer. 

Ellen Trahant, native ; born in Oregon (Montana), in September, 
185 1. Last address. Deer Lodge City. 

Henry G. Valiton, born at Montbeliard, France, in 1842. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Delaware Flats, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City, April 
2 1 St, 1864. Occupation, liveryman. Residence, Deer Lodge. 

J. E. Van Gundy, son of Christian and Catharine (Ringenberg) Van 
Gundy; born at Cincinnati, Ohio, October 9th, 1834. Went to California 
via Isthmus of Panama in 1855. Place of departure for Montana, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains via Laramie and Soda Springs ; 
arrived at Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, miner and merchant. 
Residence, Deer Lodge. 

Gordon C. Vineyard, son of John and Malinda (Witt) Vineyard; 
born at Boonville, Cooper County, Missouri, March 13th, 1836. Place of 
departure for Montana, Boonville, Missouri; route traveled, up the Mis- 
souri River on steamer Welcome to mouth of Milk River, thence on steamer 
Benton ; arrived at Fort Benton, June 27th, 1864. Occupation, miner and 
contractor. Residence, Anaconda. Commissioner of Jefferson County, 
and also of Deer Lodge County. 

Alexander Milton Walker, son of David and Nancy (Patterson) 
Walker; born at West Point, Lee County, Iowa, January 14th, 1838. 
Place of departure for Montana, West Point, Lee County, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via Denver, Fort Bridger, and Soda Springs; 
arrived at Bannack, June 2d, 1863. Occupation, lumberman. Residence, 
Carroll. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 91 

Frank Walker, arrived in Montana in November, 1863. Residence, 
Anaconda. 

Thomas C. Warrex, born in Kentucky in 1824. Place of departure 
for Montana, Oregon ; route traveled, via Fort Lemhi ; arrived at Bannack 
in June, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address. Pioneer. 

Charles Watterman, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

George Wessel, born at Braunschweig, Germany, in 1832. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Bridger ; arrived at Bannack in November, 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Deadwood, South Dakota. Deceased. 

William Wilcox, born in Canada West in 1834. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Occu- 
pation, carpenter. Last address, Anaconda. 

John H. Wildman, born at Bangor, Maine, in 1835. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via North- 
ern route with J. L. Fisk Expedition; arrived at Fort Benton in September, 
1862. Occupation, saddler. Last address. Deer Lodge. 

Mrs. J. H. Wildman, born in Ireland in 1850. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Platte River; arrived at Bannack in September, 1863. Last 
address, Deer Lodge. 

John Barrett Williams, son of Barrett and Elizabeth Williams; 
born in Pembrokeshire, South Wales, December 23d, 1839. Came to the 
United States in 1841. Place of departure for Montana, Dodgeville, 
Wisconsin, April ist; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte 
and Fort Hall; arrived at Bannack, August 12th, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Ophir. 

William Williams, born at Richmond, Kentucky, in 1843. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Platte River and Soda Springs ; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Deer Lodge, 

Andrew J. Wilson, born in Georgia in 1835, Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; 
arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Pioneer. 

Edward A. Wolf, born in Kentucky in 1832. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack 
in May, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Pioneer. 



92 SOCIETY OF 

Charles D. Wykoff, bom in Ohio in 1S34. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Laramie ; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Pioneer. 



FERGUS COUNTY 



TAKEN from Meagher County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
of March 12th, 1885, to take effect December ist, 1886. County seat 
established at Lewistown. Boundaries defined by Sec. 743, Fifth Division, 
Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 840. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4120, 
Political Code, 1895. 

William Allen, born in Mercer County, Kentucky, November 15th, 
1828. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the 
plains via California; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Ulidia. 

Rezin Anderson, arrived at Gold Creek in 1857. Occupation, miner, 
trader, and stock raiser. Residence, Fort Maginnis. 

John P. Barnes, son of George W. and Martha Barnes; born in 
Boone County, Missouri, January 28th, 1832. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Platte County, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Platte 
River, Sweetwater, Lander Cut Off, and Pleasant Valley ; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, September 12th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. 
Residence, Philbrook. Member House of Representatives, Fifth Session, 
1868-9; Council, Sixth Session, 1869-70, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

John Brooks, son of Antony and Margaret Brooks; born at Breem, 
Rhine Province, Germany, July 24th, 1840. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Minneapolis, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Virginia City, September 28th, 1863. Occupation, ranchman and stock 
grower. Residence, Lewistown. 

Andrew Fergus, son of James and Pamelia (Dillin) Fergus; born at 
Moline, Illinois, July 3d, 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Little 
Falls, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via Omaha, Nebraska, 
North Platte, and Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 27th, 
1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Fort Maginnis. 

James Fergus, son of Andrew and Agnes ( Bulloch) Fergus; born at 
Shawton, Glassford Parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland, October 13th, 181 3. 
Came to the United States in 1832. Place of departure for Montana, 
Little Falls, Minnesota; route traveled, with James L. Fisk Expedition 



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|TILD£.M FCUKOaTIONS 



MONTANA PIONEERS 93 

via Northern route in 1862; arrived at Bannack in September, 1862. Occu- 
pation, stock raiser. Residence, Fort Maginnis. First President Society 
of Montana Pioneers, 1884-5. Member House of Representatives, Kiev- 
enth and Extra Sessions, 1879; Council, Fourteenth Session, 1885, Terri- 
torial Legislative Assembly. Member Constitutional Convention, 1884. 

William Gordon, born in Ireland, March 2d, 1838. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Alder Gulch, October 23d, 1863. 
Occupation, stockman. Residence, Ubet. 

John S. Jones, son of John and Ann Eliza (Allen) Jones; born in 
Missouri, September, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, Kentucky; 
route traveled, across the plains via Colorado; arrived at Bannack in 1863. 
Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Judith Basin. 

Charles Lehman, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, merchant. 
Residence, Lewistown. 

Perry W. McAdow, son of Samuel and Julia (Bean) McAdow; born 
at Maysville, Mason County, Kentucky, July 28th, 1838. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Platte Purchase, Missouri; route traveled, up the 
Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton, July loth, 1861. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Maiden. Member of Council, Tenth Session, 1877; 
House of Representatives, Thirteenth Session, 1883, Territorial Legislative 
Assembly. Member Constitutional Convention, 1889; representing Ninth 
District, Fergus County. 

Mrs. T. E. McKoin, 7iee Maranda Cullison, daughter of George W. 
Cullison. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Gilt Edge. 

Dennis Reardon, arrived in Montana in 1864. Last address. Maiden. 

David Laurence Shafer, son of David and Amanda (Combs) 
Shafer; born at Yellow Springs, Ohio, March i6th, 1837. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Pike's Peak, Colorado, 1859, stage to Salt Lake City, and horseback; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, July 25th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman and 
stock grower. Residence, Cottonwood. Member House of Representatives, 
Fifth Session, 1868-9, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Kate Stuart, native ; daughter of Granville Stuart ; born at Vir- 
ginia City, October 6th, 1863. Last address. Fort Maginnis. Died, May 
29th, 1889. 

Daniel Thomas, son of William Price and Margaret (Evans) Thomas; 
born in Utah, July 7th, 1853. Place of departure for Montana, Utah; 
route traveled via Snake River; arrived at Bannack, May 25th, 1863. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Stanford. 



94 SOCIETY OF 

John P. Thomas, son of William Price and Margaret (Evans) Thomas ; 
born in Wales, September 19th, 1843. Came to the United States in 
1850, and across the plains to Utah in 185 1. Place of departure for 
Montana, Utah ; route traveled, via Snake River, Red Rock, and Horse 
Prairie; arrived at Bannack, May 13th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Judith Basin. 

Michael Trepp, arrived at Virginia City in December, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Lewistown. 

Joseph C. Walker, son of David and Nancy (Patterson) Walker; 
born in Sangamon County, Illinois, March 30th, 1830. Place of departure 
for Montana, West Point, Lee County, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Atchison, Denver, Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, Week's Ferry, 
Fort Hall, and Pleasant Valley; arrived at Bannack, June 2d, 1863. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Lewistown. 

Peter C. Weydert, born at Shakopee, Minnesota, April 8th, 1864. 
Place of departure for Montana, Shakopee, Minnesota; route traveled, 
across the plains via Northern route and Fort Benton; arrived at Helena, 
September 22d, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Last address, 
Lewistown. 

James Madison Whittemore. Place of departure for Montana, Den- 
ver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Bannack, May i6th, 1863. Residence, Ulidia. 



FLATHEAD COUNTY 



Taken from Missoula and Choteau Counties. Created and boundaries 
defined by Act of February 6th, 1893, to take effect March ist, 1893. 
County seat established at Kalispell. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4123, 
Political Code, 1895. Boundaries extended by Act of March 6th, 1899. 

John B. Labeau, born in Canada in 1830. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, over- 
land via Salt Lake; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, stock- 
man. Last address, Demersville. 

John Leary, born in County Cork, Ireland, in 1832. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, California; route trav- 
eled, via the Columbia River, The Dalles, and across the mountains; 
arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Last 
address, Selish. 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 95 

Thomas Lynch, born at Galway, Ireland, in 1832, Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off ; arrived at East Bannack in 
1862. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Last address, Selish. 



GALLATIN COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries defined by Act approved February 2d, 1865, 
S. L., page 530. County seat established at East Gallatin. Bound- 
aries defined by Act of January 12th, 1872. Codified Statutes, page 431. 
Boundaries defined by Act of February 13th, 1874. Boundaries defined, 
Revised Statutes, 1879, P^ge 477. Amended by Act of February 26th, 
1883. Boundaries defined by Sec. 737, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 
1887, page 836. Boundaries defined by Sec. 41 14, Political Code, 1895. 
County seat, Bozeman. 

Jarvis Akin, son of James L. and Catharine Akin; born at Richfield, 
Fairfield County, Connecticut, July 24th, 1832. Place of departure for 
Montana, Plover, Portage County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, via North 
Platte River; arrived at Gallatin City, September loth, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Puyallup, Washington. 

William W. Alderson, born at Arkendale, North Riding of York- 
shire, England, February 28th, 1831. Came to the United States. Place 
of departure for Montana, Council Hill, Illinois; route traveled, across the 
plains via Fort Bridger, Wind River, and Yellowstone River; arrived in 
Gallatin Valley in July, 1864. Profession, editor. Residence, Bozeman. 
Member House of Representatives, Fifteenth and Extra Sessions, 1887; 
Territorial and Fourth Session, 1895, State Legislative Assembly. Active 
member of Historical Society of Montana. 

Mrs. Lydia Allen, born at Sandy Creek, Oswego County, New York, 
July 7th, 1822. Place of departure for Montana, Portage County, Wiscon- 
sin; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Gallatin City, September 
nth, 1864. Last address, Gallatin City. 

Edward D. Alston, son of John and Emily Alston; born at Galena, 
Illinois, June I2th, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Clayton County, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Council Bluffs and Ogden, Utah; 
arrived at Helena, March 12th, 1864. Occupation, miner, farmer, and stock- 
man. Last address, Bozeman, Died, January 22d, 1886. 

Charles Anceny, born at Paris, France, August 5th, 183 1. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver.. Colorado; 



96 SOCIETY OF 

route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Bannack, 
May nth, 1864. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Last address, 
Salesville. Died, October 17th, 1895. 

Horace Annis, born in Orange County, Virginia, June 13th, 1816. 
Came to Colorado in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, June ist, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner and blacksmith. Last address, Bozeman. On the Big Black- 
foot stampede in 1866. Deceased. 

Mrs. H. Annis, nee Portia Nichols, born in Essex County, Vermont. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Bannack, June ist, 1863. Last address, Bozeman. Deceased. 

James Aplin, born in England. Came to the United States. Arrived 
in Montana, September 28th, 1864. Last address, Manhattan. Deceased. 

William H. Arnold, son of William and Polly (Marr) Arnold ; born 
at Elk Springs, Warren County, Kentucky, August 8th, 1842. Place of 
departure for Montana, Bowling Green, Kentucky ; route traveled, stage 
to Booneville, Missouri, then across the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda 
Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, September ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer 
and stock raiser. Residence, Belgrade. 

William H. Babcock, son of Godfrey L and Princess Amelia (Diffin) 
Babcock; born in Onondaga County, New York, June loth, 1837. Place 
of departure for Montana, San Francisco, California ; route traveled, across 
the plains in 1859 ^o Pike's Peak, Colorado, to Walla Walla, Washington 
Territory, and to San Francisco, California, via Oro Fino, California, and 
Florence, Idaho, and across the mountains via Mullan road ; arrived at 
the Bitter Root Mountains in May, 1862. Occupation, prospector and 
carpenter. Residence, Bozeman. 

Alphius Badgley, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Residence Boze- 
man. 

E. A. Barton, son of Ammi B. Barton ; born in New York, Septem- 
ber 14th, 1 83 1. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda Springs ; arrived at 
Bannack in August, 1863. Occupation, carpenter and stock raiser. Last 
address, Manhattan. 

W. J. Beall, born at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, May 19th, 1834. Went 
to Kansas in 1856, and to Colorado in 1862. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort 
Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in May, 1863. Occu- 
pation, architect and builder. Residence, Bozeman. 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 97 

Mrs. W. J. Beall. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City in May 
1863. Residence, Bozeman. 

George W. Beckhorn, bom in New York in 1836. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, New York ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
in Montana, June 20th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

George Behringer, arrived at Bannack, June nth, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, Bozeman. Deceased. 

H. G. BiCKETT, son of H. and Elizabeth Bickett; born near Lebanon, 
Washington County, Kentucky, October 3d, 1820. Place of departure for 
Montana, Nodaway County, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Boze- 
man. Deceased. 

Mrs. H. G. Bickett, nee Eliza Wells, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
Wells; born in Iowa, November ist, 1830. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Nodaway County, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains, via Fort 
Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Last ad- 
dress, Bozeman. Deceased. 

B. F. BiSEL, son of Emanuel and Elizabeth (Black) Bisel; born in 
Richland County, Ohio, January i8th, 1836. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route, with James 
Bridger; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 8th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

Charles P. Blakely, born in Daviess County, Missouri, June 6th, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City, May i6th, 1864. Occupation, miner 
and stock raiser. Residence, Bozeman. Member House of Representatives, 
Third Session, 1866; Sixteenth Session, 1889; Territorial, and Speaker 
(Democratic) House of Representatives, First Session, 1889-90, and Mem- 
ber House of Representatives, Second Session, 1891 ; State Legislative 
Assembly. 

Mrs. C. p. Blakely, nee Elizabeth Downing, born in Wayne County, 
Illinois. Went to Colorado in 1863. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, May i6th, 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

Samuel A. Bostwick. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City, Decem- 
ber 3d, 1863. Last address, Bozeman. Died, April 6th, 1898. 

Mrs. Mary L. Bostwick. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City, Sep- 
tember 13th, 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

M. P.— 7 



98 SOCIETY OF 

J. H. Bremer, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Bozeman, 

James Newell Brooks, son of Sanders Brooks; born in Carrollton, 
Carroll County, Missouri, June 6th, 1849. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Carrollton, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via North 
Platte River and Sublette's Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September 
4th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. J. N. Brooks. Place of departure for Montana, Carroll County, 
Missouri, May 4th, 1864; route traveled, across the plains I'ia Council 
Bluffs, May 25th; Laramie, July 4th; South Pass, August 3d; arrived 
at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. Last address, Bozeman. 

Mrs. Sanders Brooks. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; 
route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 
1864. Last address, Bozeman. 

W. R. Brooks. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

A. J. Carls, arrived in Montana, May loth, 1864. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Carls, arrived in Montana, May loth, 1864. 

J. A. Carroll, arrived in Montana, April, 1864. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

William Carter, Jr., arrived in Montana in June, 1863. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

John Chrisman, born in Virginia, June 14th, 1822. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, November ist, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Bozeman. Died, December 5th, 1897. 

Mrs. M. a. Cleveland, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

V. E. Cline, born in Branch County, Michigan, November 12th, 1848. 
Place of departure for Montana, Michigan ; route traveled, across the 
plains via North Platte, Laramie and Big Horn River, with J. M. Boze- 
man ; arrived at the Yellowstone Valley in July, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

Vardaman a. Cockerill, son of J. V. and Louisa (Mayo) Cockerill ; 
born at Platte City, Platte County, Missouri, September nth, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Plattsburgh, Missouri; route traveled, 
up the Missouri River via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack in August, 
1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Bozeman. Mem- 
ber House of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70, Territorial Legis- 
lative Assembly. 



THE NEW YORK | 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LENOX 
ITILDEW FOUNDATIONS 



(P^<i£:^(^ ^>S-gi' ^??MJ5;^<^^-yS,,'-^ 




MATTHEW McGUIRK 

H. M. PARCHEN CHAS. D. CURTIS 

ANTON M. HOLTER, President, 18SJ 



S. P. GRIM 



GEORGE MILLEN 



MARY M, GRIM 



MONTANA PIONEERS 99 

Walter Cooper, son of Andrew H. and Sarah E. (McGillora) Cooper; 
born at Sterling, Cayuga County, New York, July 4th, 1843. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado City, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Fort Bridger, Bear River Route, and Soda Springs; arrived at 
Virginia City in February, 1864. Occupation, merchant, miller, and coal 
miner. Residence, Bozeman. Delegate from First Judicial District to 
Constitutional Convention of 1884, and from Tenth District to Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1889; President of Society of Montana Pioneers, 
1892-4; Member House of Representatives, Fourth Session, 1895, State 
Legislative Assembly, 

Andrew L. Corbly, son of William L. and Elizabeth (Ingraham) 
Corbly; born in Wood County, West Virginia, November 15th, 1842. 
Place of departure for Montana, Springville, Linn County, Iowa; route 
traveled, via Omaha and north of the Platte River to South Pass, Lander 
Cut Off, and Snake River; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, July 17th, 
1864. Occupation, farmer and stock grower. Residence, Springhill. Presi- 
dent of the Gallatin County Pioneer Society, 1898-9. 

Andrew Cowan, son of John W. and Jane (Patterson) Cowan; born 
in Pulaski County, Kentucky, March 17th, 1834. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Salt 
Lake City, Utah; arrived at Virginia City, November 7th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Bozeman. Died, June 
20th, 1899. 

Robert H. Crawford, born in Washington County, Ohio, March 2d, 
1835. Place of departure for Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah; route trav- 
eled, overland via Snake River; arrived at Bannack, October 20th, 1862. 
Last address, Bozeman. 

Charles L. Crouch, arrived in Montana in 1864. Last address, 
Three Forks. 

William W. Curtis, born in Vermont, March 21st, 1841. Place of 
departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Bozeman, July iith, 1864. Occupation, stock- 
man. Last address, Manhattan. 

E. M. Davidson, born in Wyoming County, New York, October ist, 
1843. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, July 15th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Last address, Belgrade. 

William John Davies, son of David and Mary Davies ; born at 
Llanelly, South Wales, September 30th, 1824. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Franklin Grove, Lee County, Illinois; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived in Gallatin 
Valley, August 13th. i86j. Occupation, mason. Residence, Bozeman. 



loo SOCIETY OF 

David Davis, born in Wales, August 15th, 1843. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, overland 
via Snake River; arrived at Bannack, June 5th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Bozeman. 

Henry Davis, born in Missouri, January 3d, 1850. Place of departure 
for Montana, Utah; route traveled, overland via Snake River; arrived at 
Bannack, June 5th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

Joseph Davis, born at Brigham City, Utah, December 25th, 1852. 
Place of departure for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, overland via Snake 
River; arrived at Bannack, June 5th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last ad 
dress, Bozeman. 

J. J. Davis, born at Albany, New York, in 1828. Place of departure 
for Montana, Fulton County, Indiana ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bozeman Cut Off and Big Horn ; arrived at Yellowstone City (Chico) 
Emigrant Gulch, August 27th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and lawyer. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

William F. Davis, born at Logansport, Indiana, December 25th, 1852. 
Place of departure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains 
via North Platte and the Bozeman and Bridger roads; arrived at Yellow- 
stone City (Chico), Emigrant Gulch, August 27th, 1864. Profession, law- 
yer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Benjamin M. Dawes, son of William and Hannah (Pierce) Dawes ; born 
at Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, May 12th, 1833. Place of departure 
for Montana, Waverly, Lafayette County, Missouri; route traveled, via 
Nebraska City, Nebraska, Fort Laramie, Bear River, Soda Springs, and 
Pleasant Valley divide ; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, October 
26th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Central Park. 

Mrs. Catherine Decker, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. Maretta Decker, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. Mattie Decker, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

William Decker, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. William (Clara) Decker, arrived in Montana in September, 
1864. Residence, Bozeman, 

Jacob Dedwick, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

George W. Dickson, born in Missouri, June i8th, 1846. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri, in 1864; route traveled, across the plains 



MONTANA PIONEERS loi 

via Fort Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Helena, April ist, 1865- 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Elleanor Dowden, daughter of Michael and Mary (Hoson) Dow- 
den; born in Lincoln County, Maine, December 15th, 1823. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, via Fort 
Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 8th, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

Frank Dunbar, arrived in Montana in 1863. 

Frederick Edmunds, born in Hamburg, Germany, December 14th, 
1812. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Cali- 
fornia; route traveled, via Portland and Umatilla, Oregon, and across the 
mountains via Mullan road; arrived at Bannack about May ist, 1863. 
Occupation, freighter, farmer, and stock grower. Last address, Bozeman. 

Andrew J. Edsall, born at Port Jervis, New York, April 12th, 1840. 
Place of departure for Montana, New York ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived in Gallatin Valley, July i8th, 1864. 
Occupation, lumberman. Residence, Bozeman. 

Caldwell Edwards, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Occupation^ 
farmer. Residence, Bozeman. Member House of Representatives, 
Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879; Thirteenth Session, 1883, Territo- 
rial Legislative Assembly. 

P. B. Ellis, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Residence, Three Forks. 

John Emerson, arrived in Montana in May, 1863. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

John England, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. 

C. Etherington, born at Sunderland, County of Durham, England, 
June 25th, 1831. Came to the United States in 1851, and to Colorado in 
1862. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Soda Springs and Bear River ; arrived at Bannack,. May 
I2th, 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Salesville. , 

Marion Flaherty, son of Josephus and Rachel (Kenton) Flaherty ; 
born at Bellville, Richland County, Ohio, May 22d, 1843. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Bellville, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Cut Off. Joined James Bridger's party on the Big Horn ; arrived 
at Alder Gulch, July 8th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Boze- 
man. Died, December 27th, 1898. 

William D. Flowers, arrived at Virginia City, August 20th, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, farmer and miner. Residence, Bozeman. Member House of 
Representatives, Sixteenth Session, 1889, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 



I02 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. Kate Fowler, arrived in Montana in 1863. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

Edwin Liberty Fridley, son of Frederick Franklin and America 
Jane (Mounts) Fridley; born in Davenport, Iowa, August 27th, 1854. 
Place of departure for Montana, Davenport, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Route and Big Horn; arrived at Emigrant Gulch, 
July 28th, 1864. Occupation, freighter and liveryman. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

James H. Gallop, born at Scipio, New York. Place of departure for 
Montana, Lyons, Ionia County, Michigan ; route traveled, via San Fran- 
cisco, California ; Portland, Oregon ; and Florence, Idaho ; arrived at Big 
Hole, June loth, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Gallop. 

George Gedis, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. Residence, 
Three Forks. 

Mrs. L. R. Gillespie, arrived in Montana in 1864. Deceased. 

George Leslie Gordan, son of William and Anna Gordan; born at 
Clinton County, New York, February 27th, 1840. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Grasshop- 
per Creek in 1862. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Willow 
Creek. 

James Green, son of William and Sarah Green; born in England, 
May 1st, 1830. Came to the United States in 1843; went across the 
plains to Utah in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Utah County, 
Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, July loth, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer and merchant. Residence, Willow Creek. 

Mrs. J. Green, 7tee Margaret Willwood, daughter of William Will- 
wood. Came across the plains to Utah County, Utah, in 1852. Place of 
departure for Montana, Utah County, Utah; route traveled, overland; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch, July loth, 1864. Residence, Willow Creek. 

Andrew Green, son of James and Margaret (Willwood) Green ; born 
in Utah County, Utah, January 13th, 1863, Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, July loth, 
1864. Residence, Willow Creek. 

Eliza Green, daughter of James and Margaret (Willwood) Green ; 
born in Utah County, Utah, August i8th, 1856. Place of departure for 
Montana, Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 
loth, 1864. Residence, Willow Creek. 

Joseph .A. Green, son of James and Margaret (Willwood) Green; 
born in Utah County, Utah, December 15th, i860. Place of departure 
for Montana, Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
July loth, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Willow Creek. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 103 

Mary Jane Green, daughter of James and Margaret (Willwood) 
Green; born in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, June 7th, 1852. Place of 
departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at 
Alder Gulch, July loth, 1864. Residence, Willow Creek, 

Melissa Green, daughter of James and Margaret (Willwood) Green; 
born in Utah County, Utah, August 20th, 1858. Place of departure for 
Montana, Utah; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 
loth, 1864. Residence, Willow Creek. 

William Green, son of James and Margaret (Willwood) Green; born 
in Utah County, Utah, January nth, 1854. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Utah County, Utah ; route traveled, overland ; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
July loth, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Willow Creek. 

Jacob H. Gunn, born in Menard County, Illinois, June 20th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Salmon River; arrived at Bannack about May ist, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

George E. Hale, born in (West) Virginia, December i6th, 1838. 
Came to Colorado in 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bear River and Soda Springs; arrived 
at Willow Creek, July 30th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. 
Residence, Hillsdale. 

Thomas C. Hamilton, son of Richard and Elizabeth (Uhlin) Ham- 
ilton; born in Hardin County, Ohio, March 2d, 1848. Place of departure 
for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake City, 
Utah; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, freighter and farmer. 
Last address, Bozeman. 

Thomas Harris, bom in Monmouthshire, South Wales, November 6th, 
1816. Came to the United States in 1854, and Nebraska in 1855. Place of 
departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via 
Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived at Alder Gulch in October, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner and farmer. Last address, Reese Creek. 

M. C. Hartcorn, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Cephas W. Haskins, born in Trumbull County, Ohio, September 
2 1st, 1844. Place of departure for Montana, Aledo, Illinois; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at Virginia City, 
July 15th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

William Orman Park Hays, born in Tennessee, January 28th, 1828. 
Place of departure for Montana. Colorado ; route traveled, across the 



I04 SOCIETY OF 

plains; arrived at Bannack in December, 1863. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Last address, Bozeman. In 1858 joined the Butterfield Expedi- 
tion to lay out a route for the first mail across the continent to Cali- 
fornia. Member Council, Ninth Session, 1876 ; Tenth Session, 1877; Elev- 
enth and Eleventh Extraordinary Sessions, 1879, Territorial Legislative 
Assembly. Deceased. 

H. Heeb, arrived in Montana in August, 1863. Residence, Manhattan. 

Mrs. H. Heeb, arrived in Montana in August, 1863. Residence, Man- 
hattan. 

Mrs. H. Hellinger, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

Mrs. L. a. Hodson, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

Jacob Osborn Hopping, son of Buckley C. and Eliza Hopping; born 
at Sag Harbor, Long Island, New York, June 28th, 1839. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains and the 
Mullan road; arrived at Bannack, August 5th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Gallatin. 

George C. Howard, born in New York, January 25th, 1831. Place 
of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, December 15th, 1863. 
Occupation, teamster. Last address, Bozeman. 

Sarah A. Hoyt, born in Illinois, July 4th, 1835. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, November 5th, 1863. Last address, 
Bozeman. 

Andrew Jackson Hunter, son of John and Sallie (Price) Hunter; 
born in Virginia, March i8th, 1816. Place of departure for Montana, 
Mexico, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via the Platte River, 
Pike's Peak, Colorado, and the Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, August loth, 1864. Profession, physician. Proprietor Hunter's 
Hot Springs. Last address, Bozeman. Member First Constitutional Con- 
vention, 1866. Died, April 19th, 1894. 

Mrs. a. J. Hunter, nee Susan Celesta Murray, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Murray ; born at Mansfield, Richland County, Ohio, May 
28th, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Mexico, Missouri, April 5th, 
1864; route traveled, up the Platte River and via the Bozeman Route; 
arrived at Virginia City, August loth, 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

John T. Ingram, arrived in Montana, August 5th, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 105 

Alfred Johnson, born in Sullivan County, Indiana, January nth, 
1836. Place of departure for Montana, Decatur County, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via North Platte River and Bridger Cut Off ; 
arrived in Gallatin Valley, July 20th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Duncan. 

Mrs. Lucinda Johnson, born in Indiana. Place of departure for 
Montana, Decatur County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Route; arrived in Gallatin Valley in July, 1864. Last address, 
Duncan. 

Newman Johnson, born in Oneida County, New York, April 6th, 
1836. Went to Colorado in i860, returned to Illinois in 1861. Place of 
departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains to the 
Florence, Idaho, mines via Fort Lemhi to the Beaverhead Country; ar- 
rived at Grasshopper Creek in August, 1862. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

James H. Kennedy, son of Ambrose and Mary K. Kennedy ; born 
in South Carolina, March 4th, 1831. Place of departure for Montana, 
Douglas County, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains up the North 
Platte River, Bridger Cut Off, and up the Yellowstone River ; arrived in 
Montana, September ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. 
Residence, Belgrade. 

Mrs. Clarissa Kennedy, born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in 
February, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Douglas County, Kan- 
sas ; route traveled, across the plains, up the North Platte, Bridger Cut 
Off, and up the Yellowstone River; arrived in Gallatin Valley, Septem- 
ber 1st, 1864. Residence, Belgrade. 

E. M. Knadler, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

George Washington Krattcer, son of Benjamin and Nancy (Free- 
man) Krattcer ; born in Fairfield County, Ohio, April 14th, 1826. Went 
across the plains to Denver in i860. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado, July 12th, 1863 ; route traveled, across the plains via 
the Bridger Route with pack horses, with the Moss party ; arrived in 
Virginia City, September nth, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Charles Krug, born in Germany in 1840. Came to the United States 
in 1856. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across 
the plains ; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, brewer. Last 
address, Bozeman. Died in 1892. 

James C. Latta, born in Ohio, August 27th, 1834. Place of departure 
for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Lan- 
der Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, October 5th, 1864. Occupation, 
teamster. Residence, Bozeman. 



io6 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. Sarah E. Latta, born March 6th, 1845. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, October 5th, 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

James Louis Latta, son of James C. and Sarah E. Latta; born in 
Colorado, February 8th, 1863. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, 
Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived 
at Alder Gulch, October 5th, 1864. Occupation, stockman. Last address, 
Bozeman. 

Peter LeBeau, born at Three Rivers, Canada, July i6th, 1829. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Marysville, Minne- 
sota ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado ; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Last ad- 
dress, Bozeman. 

Mark D. Ledbeater, son of Thomas and Mary Ledbeater ; born at 
Deptford, County of Kent, England, October i8th, 1830. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Breckenridge, Minnesota; 
route traveled, across the plains via Northern route, St. Joseph, near 
Pembina, Mouse River, Missouri River, Fort Benton, and Mullan road; 
arrived at present site of Helena, August 17th, 1862. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Manhattan. 

W. H. Lee, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

Hugh Leonard, born in Ireland, January 12th, 1842. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, 
in November, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Thomas Lewis, son of John and Nancy Lewis; born in Ohio, August 
31st, 1842. Went to Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1859, and returned to Mis- 
souri. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via South Platte River, Julesburg, Fort Bridger, and 
Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1863. Occupation, mining. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

Joseph Miller Lindley, son of James M. and Malissa (Biggs) Lind- 
ley; born at Vernon, Jennings County, Indiana, August loth, 1840. Place 
of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the 
plains via Denver, Colorado, and Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived at Virginia 
City, Alder Gulch, September 20th, 1863. Occupation, freighter, real 
estate, and insurance. Residence, Bozeman. Secretary and Treasurer 
Gallatin County Pioneer Society, 1896-9. 

George E. Luce. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 107 

Timothy L. Luce, son of Joshua and Rebecca (Baxter) Luce; born in 
Vermont, November 21st, 1826, Went to Colorado in 1859. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains 
via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, baker and 
farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

O. A. LUNDWALL, arrived in Montana in 1864. Died, May 4th, 1897. 

J. W. Mardis, son of John S. and Margaret Mardis; born at Hollidays- 
burg, Blair County, Pennsylvania, April 17th, 1841. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, August 2d, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer and merchant. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. J. W. Mardis nee Harriet Adelaide Noe, daughter of James 
H. and Caroline S. Noe; born in Morrow County, Ohio, February 15th, 
1845. Place of departure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bridger route; arrived at Bozeman, August 2d, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Mrs. Eliza Marston, nee Eliza Valtzin, daughter of John and 
Susan (Zuriz) Valtzin; born at Arlon, Belgium, May 7th, 1847. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, via Leavenworth, Kansas, and across the plains via 
Denver, Colorado, up the Platte River, Salt Lake, and Snake River; 
arrived at Virginia City, June 4th, 1864. Occupation, hotel keeper. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

James E. Martin, born in Missouri, August i6th, 1840. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, August 27th, 1864. Occupation, banker. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

Daniel Maxey, arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, merchant. 
Last address, Bozeman. 

William B. McAdow, son of Samuel and Julia (Bean) McAdow; 
born in Missouri in 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Kearney, the Sweetwater 
Country, and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, June 15th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miller and stockman. Residence, Bozeman. 

H. A. McAllister, born at Burlington, Iowa, February 20th, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bozeman Cut Off; J. M. Bozeman was guide; arrived at Virginia City, 
July 29th, 1864. 

James D. McCammon, son of John and Sarah (Wagner) McCammon ; 
born in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, January 30th, 1822. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Charlotte, Eaton County, Michigan ; route traveled, 



io8 SOCIETY OF 

across the plains via the Bozeman route, on the east side of the Wind 
River Mountains and the Big Horn; arrived at Norwegian Gulch, July 
20th, 1864. Occupation, capitalist. Residence, Bozeman. 

Jennie L. McCloud, arrived in Montana in July, 1865. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Mrs. Harriet McDonald, bom in Maryland. Place of departure for 
Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off 
and the Big Horn ; arrived at Virginia City, September ist, 1864. Last 
address, Bozeman. 

John McDonald, born at Tipperary, Ireland. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bozeman Cut Off and the Big Horn; arrived at Virginia City, 
September ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Richard McDonald, arrived in Montana in 1864. Died, November 
nth, 1898. 

W. F. McDonald, born near Montezuma, Iowa. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, August loth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Bozeman. 

John McDonnell, son of John and Judith (McCormack) McDonnell ; 
born in County Tipperary, Ireland, in 1833. Came to the United States 
in 185 1. Place of departure for Montana, Des Moines, Polk County, 
Iowa, May i6th, 1864; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut 
Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 15th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and 
stock grower. Residence, Bozeman, 

Mrs. John McDonnell. Place of departure for Montana, Des Moines^ 
Polk County, Iowa, May l6th, 1864; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 15th, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Matthew McGuirk, son of John and Anne (Burk) McGuirk ; born 
at Hollywood, County of Wicklow, Ireland, February 22d, 1826. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Sonora, Califor- 
nia ; route traveled, across the plains via Placerville, California, Virginia 
City, Nevada, up the Humboldt River, and Boise Basin, Idaho ; arrived at 
Virginia City in November, 1865. Occupation, blacksmith and miner. 
Residence, Bozeman. Present address, Los Angeles, California. ' 

W. S. McKenzie, son of John and Jane McKenzie; born in Jackson 
County, Georgia, November 27th, 1827. Place of departure for Montana, 
Texas ; route traveled, overland via Bozeman Cut Off and the Big Horn ; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Bozeman. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 109 

George E. McKinsey, born at Crawfordsville, Montgomery County, 
Indiana, August 22d, 1822. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, 
Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at 
Grasshopper Creek in September, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Mrs. Sarah McKinzie, arrived in Montana in 1863. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Amos Melton, born in Harrison County, Indiana, March 29th, 1829. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bridger Cut Off; arrived in Gallatin Valley, July nth, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

Mrs. Harriet Melton, born in England, February 14th, 1834. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived in Gallatin Valley, 
July nth, 1864. Last address, Bozeman. 

Cornelius Melton, son of Amos and Harriet Melton ; born in Knox 
County, Illinois, February 12th, 1857. Place of departure for Montana, 
Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived in 
Gallatin Valley, July nth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Boze- 
man. 

John S. Mendenhall, son of Ira and Elizabeth (Lowry) Mendenhall ; 
born at Vevay, Switzerland County, Indiana, October i8th, 1835. Place of 
departure for Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah; route traveled, overland 
via Snake River and Fort Lemhi; arrived at Gold Creek, June 23d, 1862. 
Occupation, merchant. Last address, Bozeman. Deceased. 

Roberty Philip Menefee, son of John and Ann Taylor (Pendleton) 
Menefee; born in Marion County, Missouri, April 13th, 1833. Place of 
departure for Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah ; route traveled, up Malad 
Valley, Sublette's Cut Off, Portneuf River to Snake River Valley; arrived 
at Horse Prairie, June 20th, and at Gold Creek, July 15th, 1862. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Orison H. Miles, bom at Croydon, Sullivan County, New Hampshire, 
July 3d, 1806. Place of departure for Montana, Plainfield, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains I'ia Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, 
July nth, 1864. Occupation, blacksmith. Last address, Bozeman. Died, 
March 6th, 1897. 

Solomon Miller. Place of departure for Montana, Greene County, 
Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Gallatin Valley. Died, February 
20th, 1880. 



no SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. Solomon Miller, -/z^^ Anna Yates, daughter of Solomon and 
Mary Yates; born at Savannah, Andrew County, Missouri, October ist, 
1847. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Residence, Hillsdale. 

R. MiLLIGAN, arrived in Montana, June 14th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Willow Creek. 

Henry Monforten, arrived in Montana in April, 1863. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

George C. Monroe, born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 23d, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, Luzerne County, Penn- 
sylvania; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived 
at Virginia City, July 28th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address. 
Spring Hill. Deceased. 

Eli MONTEVILLE, born in Canada, July 14th, 1819. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, California; route trav- 
eled, overland and across the mountains via the Walla Walla trail ; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, February 12th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Bozeman. 

James M. Moore, arrived in Montana in October, 1864. Residence, 
Belgrade. 

WiCKFORD Morgan, arrived in Montana in July, 1863. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Ebenezer Morse, born in Alleghany County, New York, December 
29th, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains ina Green River, Soda Springs, and Bear River ; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Hillsdale. 

George Moss, arrived in Montana, September nth, 1864. Residence, 
Logan. 

W. H. Murry, arrived in Montana in December, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

John W. Nelson, born in North Carolina, April 15th, 1835. Place 
of departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Cut Off and Yellowstone River; arrived in Gallatin Valley, July 
iith, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. J. W. Nelson, nee Lavina Ann Clark, born in Hudson County, 
Ohio, December 25th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut OfT ; arrived in Gallatin Valley, 
July nth, 1864. Last address, Bozeman. 



MONTANA PIONEERS m 

Marshall T. Nelson, son of John W, and Lavina A. (Clark) Nelson ; 
born in Henry County, Iowa, November 27th, 1853. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; 
arrived in Gallatin Valley, July nth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

George Nelson, son of John W. and Lavina A. (Clark) Nelson ; born 
in Henry County, Iowa, March 23d, 1856. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived 
in Gallatin Valley, July nth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

John Nelson, son of John W. and Lavina A. (Clark) Nelson ; born 
in Henry County, Iowa, January 30th, 1858. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off ; arrived 
in Gallatin Valley, July nth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Monroe Nelson, son of John W. and Lavina A. (Clark) Nelson; 
born in Henry County, Iowa, January 1st, i860. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; 
arrived in Gallatin Valley, July nth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

William Nelson, native; son of John W. and Lavina A. (Clark) 
Nelson ; born in Montana, July 27th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

J. H. Newell, arrived in Montana, April 20th, 1863. 

Mrs. Lucy J. Newell, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Alfred F. Nichols, born at Hardwick, Vermont, April 13th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Pioneer Gulch, August 1st, 1862. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

C. NiELSON, born in Denmark, August 27th, 1828. Came to the United 
States in 1857; went across the plains to Salt Lake, Utah, in 1858. Left 
the Mormon church in 1861, and joined the Morrisites. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Utah; route traveled, via Fort Bridger; arrived at 
Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, fruit grower and farmer. Last ad- 
dress. Spring Hill. 

J. H. NixON, born in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, November 29th, 
1841. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September ist, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bozeman. Deceased. 

Alfred Wallace Orton, son of James C. and Paulona Orton; born at 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, July 8th, 1855. Place of departure for Montana, 



112 SOCIETY OF 

Council Bluffs, Iowa ; route traveled, old Bridger Route via Salt Lake 
City, Utah; arrived at Virginia City, May 17th, 1864. Occupation, painter. 
Residence, Bozeman. 

H. S. OsBORN, born in Warren County, Ohio. Place of departure for 
Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Platte 
River and Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, June 13th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, merchant. Residence, Bozeman. 

D. D. Pattee, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Daniel Patterson, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Man- 
hattan. 

H. A. Pease, born at Granville, Licking County, Ohio, June 3d, 1838. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, jeweler. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

J. A. Pease, son of Joseph and Cyntha Pease ; born in Monroe County, 
New York. Place of departure for Montana, Eau Claire, Wisconsin ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Platte River and Bridger Cut Off ; 
arrived in the Bitter Root Valley in 1862. Occupation, farmer and 
stock raiser. Residence, Bozeman. 

M. W. Penwell, born in Fayette County, Indiana, September 24th, 
1840. Place of departure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bozeman route and Yellowstone River; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in 1863. Occupation, miller and farmer. Residence, Belgrade. 

Mrs. Sarah Pierstorff, arrived in Montana, July 20th, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman. 

Joseph Plumb, born in Herkimer County, New York, July 22d, 1825. 
Place of departure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains 
via Fort Bridger and Salt Lake City; arrived at Virginia City, May 31st, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

W. H. Potter, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Residence, Central 
Park. 

Alexander Proffitt, born in Johnson County, Missouri, January 26th, 
1839. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Soda Springs and Salmon River; arrived at Horse Prairie, 
February ist, 1864. Occupation, butcher. Last address, Bozeman. 

William Rea, born in Henry County, Virginia, October 23d, 1822. 
Place of departure for Montana, Carroll County, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains; at Laramie, July 4th; at South Pass, August 3d, and 
Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. Occupation, 
hotel keeper. Last address, Bozeman. Died, October 3d, 1896. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 113 

Mrs. W. Rea nee Sarah A. Hudson, daughter of Daniel Hudson; born 
in Patrick County, Virginia, Place of departure for Montana, Carroll 
County, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Laramie, July 4th, 
and South Pass, August 3d; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. 
Last address, Bozeman, Deceased. 

James A. Rea, son of William and Sarah A. (Hudson ) Rea; born in 
Carroll County, Missouri, August ist, i860. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Laramie, July 4th, and 
South Pass, August 3d; arrived at Virginia City, September 4th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mary K. Rea, daughter of William and Sarah A. (Hudson) Rea; born 
in Carroll County, Missouri, November 9th, 1846. Place of departure for 
Montana, Carroll County, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Laramie, July 4th, and South Pass, August 3d; arrived at Virginia City, 
September 4th, 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

William Rea, Jr., son of William and Sarah A. (Hudson) Rea; born 
in Carroll County, Missouri, May 24th, 1857. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Laramie, July 4th, and 
South Pass, August 3d, and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, Sep- 
tember 4th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Henry C. Reding, son of John Reding; born in Randolph County, 
North Carolina, July 12th, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Indiana; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Laramie and Soda Springs; ar- 
rived at Gallatin Valley, August 20th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Hillsdale. 

GOMER Reese, son of John E. Reese ; born in Pennsylvania, Febru- 
ary 15th, 1855. Place of departure for Montana, Pennsylvania; route 
traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake and Snake River ; arrived at 
Bannack in May, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

John E. Reese, born in Wales. Came to the United States in 1856. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pennsylvania; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. Resi- 
dence, Reese Creek. 

John J. Reese, son of John E. and Mary E. Reese ; born in Wales, 
October 22d, 1841. Came to the United States in 1856. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, via Fort Bridger and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Bannack, May 26th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Spring Hill. 

Mrs. Mary E. Reese. Place of departure for Montana, Pennsylvania ; 

route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Residence, 

Reese Creek. 
M. p.— 8 



114 SOCIETY OF 

Thomas Reese, son of John E. Reese; born in South Wales, Sep- 
tember nth, 1843. Came to the United States in 1856. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Pennsylvania ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Laramie and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. Oc- 
cupation, farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. Thomas Reese. Place of departure for Montana, Pennsylvania; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. Resi- 
dence, Bozeman^ 

Joseph J. Reeves, born in Livingston County, Missouri, September 
5th, 1843. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 
25th, 1864. Last address, Bozeman. Assessor Gallatin County. 

James Riches, son of James and Elizabeth Riches; born at Metting- 
ham, Suffolk County, England, April 7th, 1828. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Bitter Creek, Fort Bridger, and Soda Springs; 
arrived at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. Occupation, farmer and miner 
Residence, Bozeman. 

J. P. Robinson, arrived in Montana, September 4th, 1864. Residence, 
Belgrade. 

Daniel E. Rouse, born in Washtenaw County, Michigan, September 
30th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via Platte River, Soda Springs, and Fort Hall; 
arrived at Grasshopper Creek in July, 1862, Occupation, freighter and 
farmer. Residence, Bozeman. 

Sanford Ruffner, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

T. B. Sackett, born at Cape Vincent, New York, May 3d, 1836. 
Place of departure for Montana, New York ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch, April 3d, 1864. Occu- 
pation, merchant. Residence, Bozeman. 

John H. Scanlon, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

W. F. Sloan, son of James and Juda (Davis) Sloan ; born in Wayne 
County, Kentucky, February 13th, 1833. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Medicine 
Bow and Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, June 6th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Bozeman. 

James S. Smart, son of William and Ellen Smart ; born in South 
Wales, August 3d, 1833. Came to the United States in 1855. Place of 
departure for Montana, Vermilion County, Illinois; route traveled, across 



MONTANA PIONEERS 115 

the plains via Ogden, Utah, and Snake River; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
May 9th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Willow 
Creek. 

John T. Smith, son of Josiah Smith; born at Knoxville, Tennessee, 
February 25th, 181 3. Place of departure for Montana, Kirksville, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via the Bozeman route; arrived in Mon- 
tana in 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Bozeman. 
Died, June 29th, 1896. 

Charles Spafford, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Died, Septem- 
ber 5th, 1895. 

Jacob Spieth, born in Germany in 1833. Came to the United States 
in 1854, and to Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1858. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, brewer and stock raiser. 
Last address, Bozeman. Deceased. 

Asa Kimbal Stanton, son of Charles and Ruth (Smith) Stanton; born 
at Waymart, Wayne County, Pennsylvania, December 19th, 1832. Place of 
departure for Montana, Eau Claire, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Wood River, Salmon River, and the Big Hole ; arrived at Three 
Forks of the Missouri River in November, 1862. Occupation, ranchman 
and stock raiser. Last address, Logan. Died, June 5th, 1896. 

Learner Blackman Stateler, son of Steven and Rhoda (Pigman) 
Stateler; born in Kentucky. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1862; arrived at Norwegian 
Gulch in 1864. Calling, Minister. Last address. Willow Creek. Died, 
May 1st, 1896. 

Mrs. L. B. Stateler. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1862; arrived at Norwegian Gulch 
in 1864. Last address, Willow Creek. 

David C. Stevens, son of William B. and Lavina Stevens ; born in 
Madison County, Missouri, September 20th, 1844. Place of departure for 
Montana, Madison County, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains ?^/« 
Sublette's Cut Off and Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, Septem- 
ber 17th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Bozeman. 

Hiram Hayward Stone, son of Leonard and Betsy Elizabeth Stone ; 
born at Bridport, Addison County, Vermont, December 8th, 1819. Went 
across the plains to California in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, 
Onarga, Illinois; route traveled, up the Missouri River on stcs-vacx Eviilie ; 
arrived at Fort Benton, June 17th, 1862, Occupation, farmer. Last ad- 
dress, Bozeman. Died, February 4th, 1899. 



ii6 SOCIETY OF 

Nelson Story, son of Ira and Hannah (Gile) Story; born in Miegs 
County, Ohio, April 4th, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger ; arrived at 
Bannack, June 3d, 1863. Occupation, farmer and banker. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

Mrs. N. Story, 7tee Ellen Trent. Place of departure for Montana, 
Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger ; arrived at 
Bannack, June 3d, 1863. Residence, Bozeman. 

Thomas P. Street, born in Wisconsin, July 7th, 1841. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, June 19th, 1864. Occupation, publisher. 
Last address, Bozeman. 

George D. Thomas, son of John and Isabella (Kinney) Thomas ; 
born in St. Clair County, Illinois, July 26th, 1834. Place of departure 
for Montana, Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois; route traveled, across 
the plains via Omaha, Nebraska, June 1st; arrived in Gallatin Valley, 
September loth, 1864. Occupation, miller. Residence, Bozeman. In 
government service protecting emigrants from Omaha, Nebraska, to Walla 
Walla, Washington Territory, in 1862. Returned to New York via the 
Isthmus of Panama. Member of Council, Thirteenth Session, 1883, Terri- 
torial Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs, George D. Thomas, nee Lucy A. Alexander, daughter of 
William and Sarah Alexander; born in Illinois. Place of departure for 
Montana, Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Omaha, Nebraska, June ist; arrived in Gallatin Valley, Sep- 
tember loth, 1864. Last address, Bozeman. 

George Edgar Thomas, son of George D. and Lucy A. (Alexander) 
Thomas; born at Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois, in 1863; route trav- 
eled, across the plains 2'm Omaha, Nebraska, June 1st; arrived in Gallatin 
Valley, September loth, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

John J. Thomas, born in Wales in 1826. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Utah ; route traveled, overland via Snake 
River; arrived at Bannack, June 5th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Bozeman. 

Samuel Homer Thomas, son of George D. and Lucy A. (Alexander) 
Thomas; born at Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois, July 23d, 1857. 
Place of departure for Montana, Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains via Omaha, Nebraska, and Bridger and Bozeman 
roads; arrived in Gallatin Valley, September loth, 1864. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Residence, Bozeman. 




ALPHONSE MARION 

CHARLES RUMLEY G. A. BRUFFEY 

WILLIAM A. CLARK, President, 1890 

H. W. ENGLISH A. F. WRIGHT 

FRANCIS M. DURFEE 



THE N 



^' ro-RK 



[TIL DES ^fl0lJ.^^X)^i 



. MONTANA PIONEERS 117 

M. B. Thompson, arrived in Montana in 1863. Residence, Bozeman. 

RUFUS Thompson, son of Otis and Polly Thompson ; born at Swanzey, 
Cheshire County, New Hampshire, January i6th, 1829. Went across the 
plains to Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, July 24th, 1863. Occupation, farmer 
and stock raiser. Residence, Belgrade. 

Mary A. Thompson, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Belgrade. 

J. W. TiLTON, arrived in Montana, July 6th, 1864. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Residence, Bozeman. 

John J. Tomlinson, son of Jesse and Hannah (Harding) Tomlinson ; 
born at Cumberland, Alleghany County, Maryland, March ist, 1812. Place 
of departure for Montana, Canton, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via North Platte River and Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at Emigrant Gulch 
on the Yellowstone River, August 28th, 1864. Occupation, machinist. 
Last address, Salesville. Died, March 26th, 1888. 

Mrs. J. J. Tomlinson, 7iee Margaret E. Hause, daughter of Peter 
and Nancy Hause ; born at Theresa, Jefferson County, New York, August 
I2th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via North Platte River and Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at Emi- 
grant Gulch, August 28th, 1864. Residence, Salesville. 

William H. Tracy, son of Daniel Tracy ; born in Tompkins County, 
New York, May 3d, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Col- 
orado, March, 1862; route traveled, across the plains via Florence, Salmon 
River, and Fort Lemhi; arrived at Deer Lodge in June, 1862. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Bozeman. 

Robert Peel Vivion, born in Hannibal, Missouri. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Profession, lawyer. Last ad- 
dress, Bozeman. Member of House of Representatives, Seventh Session, 
1872, and Tenth Session, 1877, Territorial Legislative Assembly, and Mem- 
ber Constitutional Convention, 1884. Died, November 19th, 1891. 

Thomas Waterhouse, born in England, July 28th, 1831. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bozeman. 

C. H. Waterman, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Bozeman. 

Mrs. C. C. Waterman, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Boze- 
man. 



ii8 SOCIETY OF 

Alexander D. Weaver, son of John and Eliza (Coiner) Weaver; 
born in Virginia, March ist, 1841. Place of departure for Montana, Boone 
County, Kentucky; route traveled, old California trail and Soda Springs; 
arrived at Virginia City, September 15th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Belgrade. 

Mrs. E. D. Weaver, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Residence, 
Belgrade. 

D. W. Weber, born in Alleghany County, New York, in 1838. Place 
of departure for Montana, Adams County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, 
across the plains via Lander Cut OfT; arrived at Bannack, July 15th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Manhattan. 

William Welsh, born at Hester, Tompkins County, New York, Sep- 
tember, 13th, 1825. Place of departure for Montana, Blue River, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger, Bear River, and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Bannack, June 14th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Bozeman. 

James White, arrived in Montana, August 5th, 1864. Residence, 
Bozeman. 

John White, arrived in Montana, August 5th, 1864. Residence, Boze- 
man. 

Mrs. M. T. Williams, daughter of H. J. Hoppe. Arrived in Montana, 
May 1st, 1864. Last address, Bozeman. 

Robert Wills, born in Greene County, Pennsylvania, December 12th, 
1821. Went to California in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Illi- 
nois; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off and the Big 
Horn; arrived at Gallatin Valley in 1864. Occupation, stock grower. Last 
address, Bozeman. Deceased. 

Joseph Sedgwick Wilson, son of George Washington and Mary Ann 
(Sedgwick) Wilson ; born at Port Republic, Calvert County, Maryland, 
February 9th, 1827. Place of departure for Montana, Eau Claire, Wiscon- 
sin ; route traveled, across the plains via South Pass ; arrived at Bannack 
in 1862. Occupation, blacksmith and ranchman. Last address, Three 
Forks. 

John F. Work, born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, January 30th 
1836. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Horse Prairie, July 30th, 1862. Occu- 
pation, stock grower. Last address, Bozeman. 

Henry J. Wright, son of Richard and Polly Wright ; born in Catta- 
raugus County, New York, July 22d, 1838. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Carson City, Nevada; route traveled, via West Bannack, (Idaho City, 



f 



THE i^'EW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



, ^r *^'''0^. LENOX 




■Scale of .Miles 

f I r J 1 f 'O 



MONTANA PIONEERS 119 

Idaho); arrived in Gallatin Valley in October, 1863. Occupation, farmer 
and stock raiser. Last address, Manhattan. Member House of Represen- 
tatives, Thirteenth Session, 1883, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Died, 
February i6th, 1897. 

George L. Yates, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. Residence, 
Belgrade. 

Mrs. Mary Yates, arrived in Montana in September, 1864. Residence, 
Belgrade. 



GRANITE COUNTY 



Taken from Deer Lodge and Missoula Counties. Created and bound- 
aries defined by Act of March 2d, 1893, to take effect April ist, 1893. 
County seat established at Phillipsburg. Boundaries defined by Sec. 413 1, 
Political Code, 1895. 

G. B. Ballard, born at Augusta, Maine, in 1842. Place of departure 
for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via North 
Platte and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in June, 1864. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Phillipsburg. 

M. W. BULLARD, born in Indiana in 1843. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via the North 
Platte and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in June, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, carpenter. Residence, Phillipsburg. 

John Carten, son of John and Sophia Carten ; born in Washington 
County, Maine, February 19th, 1837. Went to Australia in 1856. Place 
of departure for Montana, San Francisco, California ; route traveled, via 
Boise City, Idaho; arrived in Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner 
and ranchman. Last address. New Chicago. 

Israel Clem, son of Bartlet and Nancy (Osborn) Clem; born in 
Warren County, Indiana, January 12th, 1844. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Fremont County, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via South 
Pass, Soda Springs, and upper route across Snake River; arrived at Alder 
Gulch, September 13th, 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, 
Princeton. Member House of Representatives, Twelfth Session, 1881; 
Territorial and Fifth Session, 1897, State Legislative Assembly. 

James Cochrane, born in Missouri in 1847. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 



I20 SOCIETY OF 

Springs; arrived at Virginia City in September, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Phillipsburg. 

Nicholas Connolly, born in Ireland in 1834. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, up the 
Missouri River; arrived at Alder Gulch in July, 1863. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Residence, Phillipsburg. 

Joseph S. Daddow, son of John and Elizabeth (Skein) Daddow; born 
at Providence, Rhode Island, November loth, 1837. Place of departure for 
Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
in Montana in 1864. Occupation, proprietor stage line. Last address, 
Drummond. Died, May 14th, 1896. 

David M. Dunkelberg, son of Joseph and Mary (Maleck) Dunkelberg; 
born in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, February 4th, 1839. Went 
to Pike's Peak in i860. Place 'Of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake City, Salmon River mines, Lemhi 
Valley, across the mountains, and Horse Prairie ; arrived at Bannack in 
1862. Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address. New Chicago. De- 
ceased. 

Francis Marion Durfee, son of David Potter and Margaret Ehza- 
beth (Rector) Durfee; born at Middleburg, Schoharie County, New York, 
September 15th, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, Esperance, New 
York; route traveled, across the plains vin Council Bluffs, Omaha, and 
Julesburg to Denver, Colorado, in 1863; Central City, at Independence 
Rock, July 4th, Fort Kearney and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, 
August 2d, 1864. Occupation, miner, lumberman, and ranchman. Resi- 
dence, Phillipsburg. 

James A. Featherman, arrived in Montana, July 2d, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. Residence, Drummond. 

Robert M. Ferguson, arrived in Montana, May i6th, 1864. Resi- 
dence, New Chicago. 

T. H. Griffith, arrived at Deer Lodge, July 20th, 1862. Residence, 
Drummond. 

Archibald Heath, born in Canada in 1826. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains, via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Stone Station. 

H. S. HORTON, arrived in Montana in September, 1862. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Stone Station. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 121 

Henry Imkamp, born in Prussia, June 19th, 1838. Came to the United 
States in 1859; went across the plains to California. Place of departure for 
Montana, Virginia City, Nevada; route traveled, via Elk City, Idaho, and 
Boise Basin; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last 
address, Phillipsburg. Deceased. 

Edward Lannan, bom in New York in 1856. Place of departure for 
Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off; 
arrived at Bearmouth in September, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Bearmouth. 

Mrs. Bridget Lannan, born in Ireland in 1829. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bearmouth in September, 1864. Res- 
idence, Bearmouth. 

Charles D. McLure, born at Marshall, Missouri, February 22d, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Route and Cherokee trail ; arrived at Virginia City, 
December 24th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, St. Louis, Missouri. 

Archie A. McPhail, son of Archie and Christie (Mcintosh) McPhail ; 
born in Canada, August 21st, 1838. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, September 20th, 1862. Occu- 
pation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, New Chicago. 

George W. Morse, son of Daniel and Mary (Norris) Morse; born at 
North VVhitefield, Lincoln County, Maine, December 2d, 1838. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Deer Lodge Valley, July 4th, 1862. Occu- 
pation, farmer and miner. Residence, New Chicago. 

Mrs. Henry Showers, ncc Mary Ann Thomas, daughter of William 
Price and Margaret (Evans) Thomas; born in Utah, August 28th, 1855. 
Place of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, via Snake River; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Last address, Phillipsburg. 

Mrs. Andrew Whitesides, nee Miss Errick, daughter of Charles and 
Mary Errick; born in Wisconsin in 1853, Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived 
at Bannack in November, 1863. Last address, Bearmouth. 



122 SOCIETY OF 



JEFFERSON COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries defined by Act approved February 2d, 1865^ 
S. L., page 530. County seat established at Jefferson City. Amended 
by Act of December 2d, 1867. Boundaries defined by Act of January 
1 2th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 430. Boundaries defined, Revised 
Statutes, 1879, page 476. Amended by Act of March 7th, 1883. Bound- 
aries defined by Sec. 734, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 835. 
Boundaries defined by Sec. 41 ii, Political Code, 1895. Boundaries changed 
by Act of February 9th, 1897. County seat was for many years at Raders- 
burg. Present county seat, Boulder. 

John D. Allport, arrived at Bannack, September 20th, 1862. Occu- 
pation, miner. Last address. Basin. Died, November 25th, 1895. 

Allen T. Axe, born in Wayne County, Ohio, in 1836. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived at Virginia City, October iith, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Wickes. 

Erasmus Axe, arrived in Montana in April, 1864. Last address, Wickes. 
Deceased. 

J. A. Bailey, arrived in Montana, May ist, 1863. Residence, Boulder 
Valley. 

Mrs. J. A. Bailey, arrived in Montana, May ist, 1863. Last address, 
Boulder. Deceased. 

Alexander D. Beall, son of John M. and Mary M. Beall ; born in 
Missouri, March i6th, 1864. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake ; arrived at Virginia City, 
October 19th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Fish Creek. 

John A. Beall, son of John M. and Mary M. Beall; born in Missouri, 
January 24th, 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Salt Lake ; arrived at Virginia City, October 
19th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Fish Creek. 

John M. Beall, born in Maryland, April 23d, 1836. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; 
arrived at Virginia City, October 19th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address. Fish Creek. Deceased. 

Mrs. Mary M. Beall, born in Illinois in 1838. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; 
arrived at Virginia City, October 19th, 1864. Residence, Fish Creek. 



LEWIS fy CLARKE 




GALLATIN 



iScale of Mi/es. 

c / ^ J » f 

I I I I I I : 



MONTANA PIONEERS 123 

A. Belcher, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Boulder. 

Mrs. Clara M. Belcher, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, 
Boulder. 

George Benjamin, born in Du Page County, Illinois, November 13th, 
1834. Place of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 
25th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Boulder. 

Henry Blakeman, arrived in Montana, June 2d, 1863. Residence, 
Gregory. 

A. F. Bright, born in Sweden, May 26th, 1 830. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Bannack in November, 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Elkhorn. 

Mrs. C. W. Brooke, nee Mary A. Tinsley, daughter of Joseph H. and 
Martha E. Tinsley; born at Trenton, Grundy County, Missouri, March 7th, 
1862. Place of departure for Montana, Trenton, Missouri; route traveled 
via Nebraska City and across the plains, up the Platte River, Julesburg, 
Sweetwater, Lander Cut Off, Snake River, and ferry above Taylor's bridge ; 
arrived at Virginia City, August i8th, 1864. Residence, Whitehall. 

John Brown. Place of departure for Montana, British Columbia ; route 
traveled, overland; arrived at Prickly Pear (Montana) City in September, 
1862. Occupation, miner. Last address, Montana City. 

Isaac N. Buck, arrived in Montana in 1864. Last address, Boulder. 
Member House of Representatives, Third (extraordinary) Session, 1866, 
Territorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 

Wilson Butt, born in Montgomery County, Indiana, March 7th, 1827. 
Went to California in 1849 and returned in 1854 via Nicaragua. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Colo- 
rado; arrived at Bannack, July 10th, 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock 
raiser. Last address. Fish Creek. Deceased. 

Edward Cardwell, son of Edward and Nancy (Quigley) Cardwell; 
born at Glenavey, County Antrim, Ireland, July loth, 1831. Came to the 
United States in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, Snake 
River, and Fort Laramie; arrived at Virginia City, November 7th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Cold Springs, Jefferson Island. 
Member of Council, Ninth Session, 1876; Twelfth Session, 1881 ; Thirteenth 
Session, 1883; Fourteenth Session, 1885; Fifteenth and Extra Sessions, 



124 SOCIETY OF 

1887; Territorial and Senate, Second Session, 1891, and Third Session, 
1893; State Legislative Assembly, Member Constitutional Convention, 1889, 
Eleventh District, Jefferson County. 

Annette Carney, native ; born at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, August 
2d, 1864. Residence, Fish Creek. 

Samuel Cohen, arrived in Montana, June, 1863. 

Charles Cory. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer SJireveport, thence overland 
from old Fort Charles; arrived at Montana City, November ist, 1862. Oc- 
cupation, miner. Last address, Montana City. 

J. A. Culver, arrived in Montana, October 12th, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Jefferson City. 

E. R. Dean, arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner, mer- 
chant, and hotel keeper. Last address, Wickes. 

William Deascy, born at Cork, Ireland, July 24th, 1836. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Salt 
Lake; arrived at Virginia City, April 20th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman 
and merchant. Residence, Boulder. 

George Augustus Douglas, son of Augustus and Sophia (Sylvester) 
Douglas; born at Chateaugay, Franklin County, New York, March 7th, 1831. 
Place of departure for Montana, Wyoming, Otoe County, Nebraska ; route 
traveled, across the plains via the old California road. South Pass, and 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 17th, 1864. Occupation, 
ranchman and stockman. Residence, Boulder. 

Mrs. G. a. Douglas 7iee Calista A. Allen, daughter of B. F. and 
Rebecca (Lawrence) Allen; born at McConnellsville, Morgan County, Ohio, 
March 28th, 1845. Place of departure for Montana, Wyoming, Otoe Colinty, 
Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via the old California road, South 
Pass, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 17th, 1864. Res- 
idence, Boulder. 

A. L. Dulaney, born in Virginia in 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, June 
20th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Boulder Valley. 

William Finley, born at Newark, New Jersey, March loth, 1839. 
Place of departure for Montana, California ; route traveled, via overland 
route and Salt Lake; arrived at Gold Creek in 1862. 

Alonzo H. Foster, son of Daniel and Asha A. (Smith) Foster; born 
at Smethport, McKean County, Pennsylvania, September 27th, 1835. Place 



MONTANA PIONEERS 135 

of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado ; route traveled, overland 
stage road to Fort Bridger, thence to Soda Springs and Snake River; ar- 
rived at Bannack, April 28th, 1863. Occupation, miner and freighter, 
kesidence, Boulder. Commissioner of Jefferson County. Postmaster at 
Boulder. 

Mrs. E. Foster, born in Mercer County, Kentucky, November ist, 1839. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia City, May ist, 1864. Residence, Fish 
Creek. 

Frank Foster, born in Appanoose County, Iowa, October 15th, 1859. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia City, May ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Fish Creek. 

Zenas D. Foster, son of Zenas and Matilda Foster ; born near Indian- 
apolis, Indiana, February ist, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; 
route traveled, across the plains z/z^: Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia City, 
May 1st, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Fish Creek. 

Casper Freeler, arrived in Montana, May 4th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Wickes. Deceased. 

Dominic Freeler, arrived in Montana, May 4th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Wickes. Deceased. 

Herman Freeler, arrived in Montana, May 4th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Wickes. 

James C. Gibson, son of George P. and Catharine L. Gibson ; born in 
Lee County, Virginia, July loth, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via South Platte, 
Cache la Poudre, Virginia Dale, Forts Halleck and Bridger, and Salt Lake ; 
arrived at Virginia City, Alder Gulch, October i8th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Boulder. 

Cornelius Griswold, arrived in Montana, June i8th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Last address, Boulder Valley. Deceased. 

William Hahn, arrived in Montana, August 22d, 1864. Residence, 
Boulder. 

John Jay Hall, son of Thomas Jefferson and Julia Maria (Harris) 
Hall; born at Dover, Windham County, Vermont, March 4th, 1830. Place 
of departure for Montana, Mankato, Minnesota; route traveled, across the 
plains via Northern Route, Red River, and Fort Edmonton, Northwest 
Territory; arrived in Kootenai Country, December ist, 1858. Occupation, 
miner and farmer. Residence, Jefferson City. 



126 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. J. J. Hall, nee Nancy Harter, daughter of Henry and Sarah 
Oard Harter ; born at BowHng Green, Licking County, Ohio, December 
7th, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 29th, 1864. 
Residence, Jefferson City. 

E. J. Harris, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

H. S. Harter, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Henry M. Hill, son of Nathaniel L. and Maria (Wakefield) Hill; born 
in Fairfield County, Connecticut, August 31st, 1834. Place of departure for 
Montana, Milwaukee, Wisconsin ; route traveled, via St. Joseph, Missouri, 
up Missouri River on steamer Cutter ; arrived at mouth of Marias River, 
August 1 2th, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Clancey. Member 
House of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1899, State Legislative Assembly. 

Enoch Hodson, son of Robert and Martha (Easterling) Hodson ; born 
in Marion County, Indiana, April 8th, 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Leadville, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, 
Cache la Poudre, and Fort Bridger; arrived at East Bannack, June iith, 
1863. Occupation, contractor. Residence, Boulder. 

Mrs. H. B. Hunter nee Hattie Bowler, born at Huntsville, Missouri. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Residence, Alhambra. 

Eugene Jones, arrived in Montana in September, 1863. 

J. J. Kennedy, born at Newark, New York, September nth, 1832. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Big Hole, July ist, 1862. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Basin. 

Henry Killian, born in Catawba County, North Carolina, in 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Virginia City in October, 1863. Occupation, ranchman. Resi- 
dence, Boulder. 

J. R. Lewis, arrived in Montana in April, 1864. 

Benjamin Parker Mason, son of John and Sarah (Casey) Mason; 
born near Kingwood, Preston County, (West) Virginia, January 27th, 181 8. 
Place of departure for Montana, Central Station, Doddridge County, West 
Virginia; route traveled, Parkersburg, Leavenworth, Kansas, thence across the 
plains via Denver, Colorado; arrived at Bannack, June i6th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Boulder. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 127 

M. D. McIntire, arrived in Montana, April 20th, 1864. Residence, 
Boulder Valley. 

A. J. McKay, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Elias Merriman, arrived in Montana in April, 1864. Residence, 
Valparaiso, Indiana. 

Nathaniel Merriman, son of David and Mary A. (Axe) Merriman; 
born at Middletown, Butler County, Ohio, August 9th, 1833. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Valparaiso, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, May 3d, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Jefferson City. Died, February 21st, 1892. 

Peter B. Mills, born at Mount Holly, New Jersey, March 26th, 1831. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 24th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, ranchman. Residence, Boulder. Member House of Representatives, 
Thirteenth Session, 1883, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Abram M. Morgan, son of David D. and Sarah A. Morgan; born in 
Mahaska County, Iowa, February ist, 1847. Place of departure for Montana, 
Oskaloosa, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains z'z« Bridger Route, with 
James Bridger; arrived at Virginia City, July 6th, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Wickes. 

William Morrison. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Ne- 
braska; route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Shreveport, thence 
overland from old Fort Charles; arrived at Montana City, November ist, 
1862. Last address, Montana City. 

William Vance Myers, son of Isaac S. and Elizabeth (Vance) Myers ; 
born in Fayette County, Ohio, March 24th, 1839. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Forts 
Halleck and Bridger, Soda Springs, and Mix's Ferry on Snake River; ar- 
rived at Bannack, July 6th, 1863. Occupation, miner, farmer, and stock 
raiser. Residence, Boulder. Treasurer of Jefferson County. 

John T. Parkinson, born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1832. 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, up the 
Missouri River; arrived at Bannack in July, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Boulder. Deceased. 

William H, Parkinson, born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, 
February 9th, 18 14. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled up the Missouri River ; arrived above Fort Union, August 
25th, 1859. Occupation, miner. Last address, Boulder. Deceased. 



128 SOCIETY OF 

Jesse Patterson, son of Jesse and Frances (Drake) Patterson; born 
near Columbus, Ohio, February 7th, 1837. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Howard County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Platte 
Valley, Powder River, and Bozeman Route ; arrived at Virginia City, Au- 
gust lOth, 1864. Occupation, ranchman and stock grower. Residence, 
Boulder. 

William Pecott. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Shreveport, thence over- 
land from old Fort Charles; arrived at Montana City, November ist, 1862. 
Occupation, miner. Last address, Montana City. 

Hiram Peery, born in Virginia. Went across the plains to California 
in 1861. Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, over- 
land; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Mitchell Gulch. 

A. W. PiLLSBURY, born in Monroe County, New York, January 2d, 
1834. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Bannack, April 17th, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, ranchman. Residence, Whitehall. 

Wilson Redding, arrived in Montana, June 7th, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Clancey. 

Biddle Reeves, son of Joshua and Mary (Groff) Reeves; born in 
Salem County, New Jersey, February 5th, 183 1. Place of departure for 
Montana, New Jersey; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake City; 
arrived at Holmes Gulch, May lOth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last ad- 
dress, East Helena. Deceased. 

William Roe, arrived in Montana in 1 864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Jefferson City. 

William Rodgers, arrived in Montana in May, 1863. Residence, 
Boulder. 

John W. Russell, born at Lockport, New York, in 1834. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Grasshopper Creek, July iith, 1862. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Wickes. Died, 1899. 

> 

Edward Ryan, son of David and Netta Ryan ; born at Caledonia, On- 
tario, Canada, April ist, 1839. Came to the United States in 1859. Place 
of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Black Hills and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, July 3d, 
1864. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, Boulder Valley. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 129 

Jerry G. Smith, son of John and Mrs. (Kittle) Smith; born in Georgia, 
October 7th, 1827. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, June 2d, 1863. Occu- 
pation, merchant. Last address, Boulder. Deceased. 

Charles F. Straub, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. Residence, 
Clancey. 

J. M. D. Taylor, born in Franklin County, Kentucky, December 27th, 
1832. Place of departure for Montana, Clinton County, Illinois ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Sublette's Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 1 2th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Boulder. 

J. B. Taylor, born in Georgia, March 20th, 1838. Place of departure 
for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch, June 17th, 1864. Occupation, miner. 

John Thomas. Place of departure for Montana, British Columbia; route 
traveled,, overland; arrived at Prickly Pear (Montana) City in September, 
1862. Occupation, miner. Known as "Gold Tom." Last address, Mon- 
tana City. 

C. S. Thompson, born in Illinois in 1847. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, September 4th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Boulder Valley. 

KiTTiE TOWNSEND, born in Davis County, Iowa, January 8th, 1858. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia City, May ist, 1864. Residence, Fish 
Creek. 

S. F. TuTTLE, son of David and Lucinda Tuttle ; born in Marion County, 
Iowa, July 2 1 St, 1848. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via California; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864, 
Occupation, miner' and farmer. Last address, Fish Creek. 

Fred C. Whetstone, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Warren Whitcher. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Montana City in 1862, Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Montana City. 

T. M. Wilson, arrived at Virginia City, May 26th, 1864. Residence, 
Wickes. 

Cornelius C. Winslow, arrived in Montana, April 22d, 1864. Last 
address, Clancey. Deceased. 

M. P.— 9 



I30 SOCIETY OF 

James J. WiNSLOW, born at Buffalo, New York, April 23d, 1837. Place 
of departure for Montana, Cooperstown, New York ; route traveled, via 
Omaha, across the plains, Colorado, Bridger Route, Sublette's Cut Off, 
Week's Ferry, and Gibson's Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, May 17th, 1863. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Fish Creek. 

Mrs. Ellen Christine Winslow. Place of departure for Montana, 
Fairplay, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Sublette's Cut Off, 
Bridger Route, Week's Ferry, and Gibson's Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, May 
17th, 1863. Residence, Fish Creek. 



LEWIS AND CLARKE COUNTY 



Created as Edgerton County and boundaries defined by Act approved 
February 2d, 1865, S. L., page 530. County seat established at 
Silver City, changed to Helena by Act approved November 21st, 1867. 
Name changed by Act approved December 20th, 1867, to take effect March 
1st, 1868. Boundaries defined by Act of January 12th, 1872. Codified 
Statutes, page 430. Boundaries defined. Revised Statutes, 1879, page 476. 
Boundaries defined by Sec. 735, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, 
page 835. Boundaries defined by Sec. 41 12, Political Code, 1895. Bound- 
aries extended by Act of March 6th, 1897. Boundaries extended by Act 
of February 28th, 1899. 

Mrs. C. Addoms, nee CATHERINE O'Neill, daughter of Charles and 
Hannah O'Neill; born in Ireland in 1836. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Carlyle, Illinois; route traveled, across the 
plains via Nebraska City, Fort Laramie, and Soda Springs ; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City in June, 1864. Occupation, boardinghouse keeper. Residence, 
Helena. 

Isaac R. Alden, son of Hiram and Melita (Huntley) Alden ; born in 
Chautauqua County, New York, in 1832. Place of departure for Montana, 
Pike's Peak, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Alder 
Gulch in 1863. Occupation, Clerk Territorial Supreme Court, 1870-87. 
Last address, Helena. 

A. T. Allen, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, merchant. 
Last address, Helena. Deceased. 





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MONTANA PIONEERS 131 

Levi Allen. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, 
Boise City, Idaho. In employ of American Fur Company. 

Mrs. O. L. Allen, arrived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Boise City, Idaho. 

William Homer Allen, son of Israel and Sarah (Pfeifer) Allen; 
born near Mount Jackson, Shenandoah County, Virginia, July 27th, 1827. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived at Virginia City, April 13th, 1864. Occupation, stable keeper. 
Last address, Terre Haute, Indiana. Deceased, 1899. 

John Morgan Anderson, son of George James and Margaret Ander- 
son ; born at Geneva, Ontario County, New York, September 29th, 1838. 
Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana in summer of 1864. Occupation, carpenter. Residence, 
Craig. With Ben Holliday's stage line. 

Lewis C. Anthony, born at Sparta, Missouri, July 31st, 1845. Place 
of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Virginia City, September 8th, 1864. Occupation, miller. 
Residence, Helena. 

Joshua Armitage, son of Isaac and Ann, Armitage ; born at Denby 
Dale, Yorkshire, England, August 19th, 1838. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort 
Bridger and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, December loth, 
1863. Occupation, real estate dealer. Residence, Helena. 

Jesse A. Armitage, son of Jesse Armitage; arrived in Montana in 1864. 
Occupation, jeweler. Residence, Seattle, Washington. 

John S. Atchison. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mon- 
tana in May, 1864. Occupation, banker. Last address, Helena. 

A. B. Babcock, arrived in Montana, June 8th, 1864. Last address^ 
Helena. Deceased. 

William G. Bailey, son of Jacob B. and Mary L. (Thomas) Bailey ; born 
at Allegan, Allegan County, Michigan, March 24th, 1840. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via North 
Platte, Julesburg, South Pass, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 15th, 1864. Occupation, banker. Residence, Helena. 

Robert Barnes, son of C. C. and Sarah Barnes ; born in Ohio, March 
20th, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, across 



132 SOCIETY OF 

the plains; arrived at Virginia City, July 4th, 1864. Occupation, miner, 
freighter, and farmer. Last address Helena, Deceased. 

Isaac F. Bassford, arrived in Montana, May 5th, 1863, Last address, 
Helena. Deceased. 

Elizur Beach, son of David and Mary (Peck) Beach; born in Portage 
County, Ohio, April 28th, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bitter Creek, Fort Bridger, 
Soda Springs, old Fort Hall, and Pleasant Valley; arrived at Bannack, June 
3d, 1863. Occupation, stock grower. Residence, Helena. Member House 
of Representatives, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879; Twelfth Session, 
1 881; Territorial Legislative Assembly. Commissioner, Lewis and Clarke 
County, Member State Capitol Commission, 1897-9. 

Mrs. E. Beach, nee Alice Gray Vivian, daughter of Martin and 
Susan P. Vivian; born in Monroe County, Missouri, December nth, 1845. 
Place of departure for Montana, Platte County, Missouri ; route traveled 
via Atchison, Kansas, across the plains via North Platte River, Red Bluff, 
Lander Cut Off, and Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, September 
20th, 1864. Last address, Helena. Died, May 14th, 1871. 

John X. Beidler, arrived in Virginia City, June loth, 1863, Occupa- 
tion, messenger. Last address, Helena. Died, January 20th, 1890. 

Gilbert Benedict, son of Sheldon and Zilpha (Hollister) Benedict; 
born at Glens Falls, New York, May 14th, 1830. Place of departure for 
Montana, Glens Falls, New York ; route traveled via St. Paul and across 
the plains via Northern Route with General A. Sully Expedition ; arrived at 
Last Chance Gulch, September 24th, 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. 
Residence, Helena. 

William J. W. Bickett, born in Kentucky in 1822. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Kentucky; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in 
Montana in 1864. Profession, physician. Last address, Helena. Died in 
1869. 

William Marcy Bishop, son of Samuel and Mary (Weld) Bishop; 
born at Berlin, Hartford County, Connecticut, February 5th, 1842. Place of 
departure for Montana, Janesville, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bridger Route and Bozeman road ; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 9th, 1864. Occupation, clerk. Residence, Helena. 

David Blacker, son of Lewis and M. R. Blacker; born in Pennsyl- 
vania, August 29th, 1829. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 

ASTOR, LENOX 
TILDEN fOUKDATIONS 



1 



(f^?:- 




G. W. MORSE 



GEORGE W. LOVELL 

SAMUEL WORD, President, 1891 
W. A. RUMSEY 



W. W. MORRIS 



JOHN S. ROBERTSON 



THOMAS W. FISHER 



MONTANA PIONEERS 133 

City, August 20th, 1864. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, 
Helena. 

Joseph Blackwell, son of Joseph and Sarah Ann Blackwell ; born at 
Leicester, England, October i8th, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via South Pass and 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at East Bannack, September 15th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, ranchman. Residence, Canyon Ferry. 

M. D. BOARDMAN, born at Seneca Falls, New York. Place of departure 
for Montana, Seneca Falls, New York; route traveled, across the plains via 
Jacob's route; arrived at Virginia City in June, 1864, Occupation, miner 
and carpenter. Residence, Helena. 

George Booker, son of Charles and Mary Booker; born at St. Louis, 
Missouri, February 7th, 1840. Went to Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1859. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Pass and the old stage road ; arrived at Virginia City 
in July, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

H. P. Booth. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route 
traveled, across the plains via the North Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass, 
Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant 
Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived at Bannack, September 17th, 
1863. Last address, Helena. 

Lockhart Boyd, son of Robert and Elizabeth (Lockhart) Boyd; born 
at Stewartstown, County of Tyrone, Ireland, in 1844. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, New York City; route traveled, 
via Isthmus of Panama to San Francisco, California, in 1857; to Idaho, on 
the Frazier River stampede in 1858; arrived at East Bannack, February 
29th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, East Helena. 

Edward Wallace Breck, son of Henry and Sarah (Towne) Breck; 
born at Cornish, Sullivan County, New Hampshire, August i8th, 1837. 
Place of departure for Montana, Mitchellville, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 27th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer, Prickly Pear Valley. Last address, Helena. Died, 
April 1 8th, 1899. 

Charles Arthur Broadwater, son of Charles Henry and Anne 
Broadwater; born at St. Charles, Missouri, September 25th, 1840. Place 
of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Bannack in 1862. Occupation, banker and merchant. 
Last address, Helena. One of the proprietors of the Diamond R. freight 
line. Died, May 24th, 1892. 



134 SOCIETY OF 

Benjamin Coddington Brooke, son of Thomas Frederick and Mary 
(Coddington) Brooke; born at Morgantown, Monongalia County, (West) 
Virginia, April ist, 1822. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas City, 
Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado ; arrived 
at Virginia City in spring of 1863. Profession, physician and surgeon. Last 
address, Helena. Died, May 9th, 1891. 

William Brown, son of Andrew and Julia Brown ; born in Sweden, 
May 6th, 1832. Came to the United States in 1852. Place of departure 
for Montana, Frazier River; route traveled, across the mountains via Elk 
City, Florence, and Boise, Idaho; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Last address, Helena. 

Nathaniel G. Bryson, son of Fielding and Elizabeth Bryson ; born at 
Gallatin, Sumner County, Tennessee, November ist, 1838. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Vinton, Benton County, Iowa ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Nebraska City, Beatrice, Little Blue River, Fort Kearney, 
California trail, and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, August 15th, 
1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Massena Bullard, son of William L. and Annie F. (Burruss) Bullard ; 
born in Lafayette County, Missouri, October 7th, 1850. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains 
via South Platte and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, September 
loth, 1864. Profession, lawyer. Residence, Helena. 

William L. Bullard, son of William and Lucinda Bullard ; born at 
Bowling Green, Virginia, July 24th, 18 12. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via South 
Platte River, Cache la Poudre, and Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, 
September loth, 1864. Occupation, mechanic and freighter. Last address, 
Helena. Died, December 24th, 1868. 

Michael Byrns, born in County Clare, Ireland, September 29th, 1840. 
Place of departure for Montana, Davenport, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Laramie, South Pass, and Salt Lake City ; arrived at 
Last Chance Gulch, May 2d, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Edward James Caldwell, native; son of Thomas Edward and Ma- 
randa (Cullison) Caldwell; born at Bannack (Idaho) Montana, November 
13th, 1863. Occupation, manufacturers' agent. Residence, San Francisco, 
California. 

Jones Hoy Callaway, son of Julia (Callaway) Callaway; born near 
Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, November ist, 1844. Place of 
departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains 



MONTANA PIONEERS 135 

via Lander Cut Off; in the Sweetwater Country in 1861-2; arrived at 
Bannack about September 12th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Helena. 

Charles Wesley Cannon, son of George and Margaret (White) 
Cannon; born at Cleveland, Ohio, July 1st, 1835. Place of departure for 
Montana, Dubuque, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Platte 
River. Sweetwater, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, Septem- 
ber iith, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Henry Cannon, son of George and Margaret (White) Cannon; born 
at Cleveland, Ohio, January 17th, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, 
Dubuque, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Platte River, Sweet- 
water, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September nth, 
1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Matthew Carroll, born in Ireland in 1837. Place of departure for 
Montana, Yankton, Dakota; route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived 
at Fort Benton, July 4th, 1859. Occupation, trader. Residence, Helena. 
One of the proprietors of the Diamond R. freight line. Member Consti- 
tutional Convention, 1884. 

A. P. Carter, born in Bourbon County, Kentucky, January ist, 1833. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Ophir Gulch, May loth, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Denver, Colorado. 

William Chumasero, son of Isaac and Frances (Chamberlain) Chum- 
asero ; born in England in 181 8. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains 
by stage; arrived at Virginia City, May 3d, 1864. Profession, lawyer. 
Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Albert Gallatin Clark, Sr., son of Thomas H. and Mary (Dickson) 
Clark; born at Terre Haute, Indiana, April 7th, 1822. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July i8th, 1864. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Helena. Commissioner, Lewis and Clarke County. 

Henry Harmon Clark, son of Harry and Irene (Strong) Clark; born 
at East Granville, Hampden County, Massachusetts, February 5th, 1824. 
Went to California in 1850 via the Isthmus of Panama. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Independence, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via 
overland trail and the Bridger Route; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 4th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, East Helena. Died, February 26th, 1896. 



136 SOCIETY OF 

Helen Piotopowaka Clarke, native; daughter of Malcolm and Coth- 
cocoma Clarke; born at mouth of Judith River, October iith, 1848. Oc- 
cupation, teacher. Residence, Helena. Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
Lewis and Clarke County; government allotment agent, Otoe agency, Okla- 
homa. 

Malcolm Clarke, son of Nathan Clarke; born at Fort Wayne, Indi- 
ana, July 22d, 181 7, Place of departure for Montana, Indiana; route 
traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Little Prickly Pear Valley in 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address. Prickly Pear Canyon. Mur- 
dered by Indians, August 23d, 1869. 

George W. Cleveland, son of George C. and Nancy Cleveland ; born 
in South Carolina, September 23d, 1832. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Nevada City in July, 
1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

TiLGHMAN H. Clewell, son of Christian and Diana (Klotz) Clewell ; 
born at Allentovvn, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, November 12th, 1833. 
Went to Colorado in i860. Place of departure for Montana, Central City, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Cherokee trail and Fort 
Bridger; arrived at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. Occupation, merchant. 
Residence, Helena. Member House of Representatives, Ninth Session, 1876, 
Territorial Legislative Assembly. Postmaster of Helena, 189 1-5. 

Bernard Collins, born in Ireland. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort 
Benton in June, 1864. Miner. Last address, Helena. Died, May 27th, 1899. 

Fletcher Willl\ms Conine, son of Leonard Peter and Sarah Arcelia 
(Hovey) Conine; born at Coxsackie, Greene County, New York, May 14th, 
1836. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado, i860; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Smoky Hill Route, Black Hills, Green River, Fort 
Bridger, Soda Springs, Taylor's Ferry on Snake River, and Market Lake ; 
arrived at Virginia City, Dec. 4th, 1863. Occupation, mason. Residence, Helena. 

James Henry Conlev, son of Levi Preston and Jane (Gillock) Conley; 
born near Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, October 12th, 1829. Place 
of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via South Pass and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, Septem- 
ber 17th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Rimini. 

Thomas E. Cooper, son of Francis and Elizabeth (Southergill) Cooper; 
born in Ireland, May 29th, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, Pine 
Island, Goodhue County, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Last Chance Gulch, September 24th, 1864. Occupation, capitalist. 
Residence, Grafton, North Dakota. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 137 

John Thomas Conner, son of John and Annie Conner; borri at Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, November ist, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Holliday's stage line 
to Salt Lake City, Utah, thence by Oliver & Conover's stage line ; arrived 
at Bannack City, March 4th, 1863. Occupation, mining engineer. Resi- 
dence, Helena. Mr. Conner, with Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, were passengers 
on the first express wagon carrying mail to Bannack. Mr. Conner was pres- 
ident of the Society of Montana Pioneers for the year 1894-5. 

Philip Constans, son of Philip and Christina Constans ; born at Deim- 
eringen, Department du Bas "Rhine, France, September 24th, 1836. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains 
via Northern route and Milk River; arrived at Last Chance Gulch, Septem- 
ber 25th, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Unionville. 

Thomas Cooney. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda Springs ; arrived in 
Montana, September 12th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

George Cosgrove, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, stage 
driver. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

MiLO Courtwright, arrived in Montana, October 9th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Daisy Washington. Member House of Repre- 
sentatives, First Session, 1864-5, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

William Coyne, son of Henry and Jennette Coyne ; born at Glasgow, 
Scotland, in December, 1839. Came to the United States in 1855. Place 
of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Fort Bridger, Echo Canyon, Salt Lake City, and Portneuf Can- 
yon; arrived at Virginia City in November, 1863. Occupation, printer 
and miner. Residence, Helena. 

Silas Hilton Crounse, son of John C. and Nancy (Van De Walker) 
Crounse; born at Albany, New York, April 25th, 1840. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains 
via St. Joseph, Missouri, Fort Kearney, Julesburg, Laramie, and Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, July 7th, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Resi- 
dence, Chicago, Illinois. 

George W. Cullison, son of Joseph and Mary Cullison ; born at 
Hancock, Washington County, Maryland, April 6th, 181 5. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Gregory District, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Salt Lake City and Soda Springs ; arrived at Bannack in 
May, 1865. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 



138 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. J. A. Culver, nee Kate Virginia Caven, daughter of J. Buz 
Caven; born at Virginia City, February 20th, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

Joseph Currah, son of Emerson and Fannie Currah ; born at Wear- 
dale, County Durham, England, March 3d, 1829. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Dubuque, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Bannack, October 28th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner and lumberman. Last address, Helena. Died, May 4th, 1898. 

John C. Curtin, son of Timothy and Ellen (Casey) Curtin ; born in 
Washington County, Missouri, April 24th, 1842. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Green 
River; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, 
Dawson City (Klondike), North West Territory. Mayor and postmaster 
of Helena. 

Charles David Curtis, son of William and Honora Eugenia (Doyle) 
Curtis; born at Cloyne, County Cork, Ireland, March iith, 1839. Came 
to the United States in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Denver and the Platte River; 
arrived at Virginia City, May i6th, 1864. Occupation, auctioneer and mer- 
chant. Residence, Helena. Sheriff Lewis and Clarke County, 1892-4, 
Postmaster at Helena, 1886-91. Secretary Society of Montana Pioneers, 
1892-5. 

Daniel W. Curtiss, son of Charles and Jemima (Treat) Curtiss ; 
born at Ruggles, Ashland County, Ohio, September 5th, 1835. Place of 
departure for Montana, Beloit, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived at Emigrant Gulch, August 4th, 1864. Occupation, fruit grower. 
Last address, Helena. Died, May loth, 1884. 

Charles L. Dahler, arrived at Virginia City, July 3d, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner and banker. Residence, Helena. 

Hugh Daly, son of John and Margaret Daly; born at Ballinrobe, 
County Mayo, Ireland, in 1834. Came to the United States. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Denver and Salt Lake City; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1863. 
Occupation, carpenter and miner. Residence, Helena. 

John Mitchell Daly, son of Hugh and Cecelia (O'Malley) Daly; born 
at Chicago, Illinois, July 29th, 1858. Place of departure for Montana, St. 
Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 139 

William Davenport, born in Bourbon County, Kentucky, January 17th, 
1823. Place of departure for Montana, Liberty, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in September, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, cattleman and merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. W. Davenport, hcc Rachel Melone. Place of departure for 
Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia 
City in September, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

AUSALEM J. Davidson, son of Samuel M. and America Ann (Billups) 
Davidson; born in Franklin County, Missouri, August 13th, 1843. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Den- 
ver, Soda Springs, and Idaho; arrived at Virginia City, November 25th, 
1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. Member House of Rep- 
resentatives, Third Session, 1893, State Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs. T. J. Davidson nee Aurora A. Ray, daughter of Thomas A. and 
Sophia ( Byers ) Ray. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

John R. Dean, born in 18 16. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Helena. Died 
in February, 1884. 

Walter Washington DeLacv, son of William and Eliza DeLacy; 
born at Petersburg, Virginia, February 22d, 18 19. Place of departure for 
Montana, Puget Sound, Washington ; route traveled, across the mountains 
via the Mullan road and St. Regis Borgia ; arrived at Fort Benton in 
October, 1859. Occupation, surveyor. Last address, Helena. Published 
first map of Montana Territory, 1865. Opposite page 13. One of the 
incorporators of the Historical Society of Montana, 1865. President of Mon- 
tana Society of Civil Engineers, 1892-3. President of Society of Montana 
Pioneers, 1885-6. Died, May 13th, 1892. 

George Detweiler. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Ne- 
braska; route traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Shrcveport, thence 
overland from old Fort Charles; arrived at Montana City, November ist, 
1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, Marysville. Speaker House of Rep- 
resentatives, First Session, 1864-5, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Henry Dillie, born at Londonderry, Ireland, April 14th, 1840. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, July 22d, 1863. Deceased. 

William A. Dingee, son of Emra and Mary Dingee ; born at Highland 
Falls, Orange County, New York, January ist, 1834. Place of departure 



I40 SOCIETY OF 

for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via the 
Cherokee trail, Fort Bridger, and Snake River ; arrived at Bannack, May 
17th, 1863. Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Helena. 

J. C. Drinkwater, born at Bangor, Maine, February 21st, 18 16. Place 
of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, overland; arrived at 
Last Chance Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Gloster. 

Shelton Duff, son of Henry and Polly Duff; born in Kentucky, 
August 29th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Savannah, Missouri, 
May 1st, 1864; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off; 
arrived at Virginia City, August loth, 1864. Occupation, stock dealer. 
Last address, Helena. Died, July 26th, 1886. 

Elijah M. Dunphy, born in New Brunswick, March 25th, 1833. 
Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Northern route with Captain J. L. Fisk's Expedition ; arrived at 
Grasshopper Creek, September 20th, 1862. Occupation, miner and mer- 
chant. Last address, Helena. Deceased, 

Mrs. E. M. Dunphy tiee Mary A. Small, born at Houlton, Aroos- 
took County, Maine; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mon- 
tana in December, 1863. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Henry Eglery, arrived in Montana, August 30th, 1864. Residence, 
Helena. 

R. S. Ells. Place of departure for Montana, Fort Abercrombie, Da- 
kota; route traveled, across the plains via Northern route in James L. 
Fisk's Expedition; arrived at La Barge City (Deer Lodge) in September, 
1862. Occupation, miner and lumberman. Last address, Cartersville. 

Harvey W. English, son of Jonathan and Jane English; born in 
Clay County, Missouri, March 24th, 1825. Went to California in 1849. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Last Chance Gulch, June i8th, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Helena. Member Council, Fifth Session, 1868-9; Sixth Session, 
1869-70, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 

Mathias Ensch, born in Prussia, Germany, October 25th, 1825. Came 
to the United States in 1846. Went to California in 1849. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, California; route traveled, via Florence, Idaho, Salmon 
River, and Boise Basin; arrived at Grasshopper Creek in September, 1863. 
Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address. Canyon Creek. 

Alfred M. Esler, son of Moses and Sophia (Wemott) Esler; born 
in Jefferson County, New York, in 1840. Place of departure for Montana, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 141 

New York; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in August, 
1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. Member House of Rep- 
resentatives, Third Session (extraordinary), 1866, Territorial Legislative 
Assembly. 

Christian G. Evans, born in Oneida County, New York, December 25th, 
1840. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City, October 4th, 1864. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Residence, Helena. 

L. F. Evans, arrived in Montana in 1864. Last address, Helena. De- 
ceased. 

William H. Ewing, son of William M. and Mary (Reed) Ewing; 
born at Millersburg, Bourbon County, Kentucky, July nth, 1818. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, September 7th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Prickly 
Pear Valley. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. W. H. Ewing, nee Rebecca B. Tavlor, born in Howard County, 
Missouri, June i6th, 1828. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Last 
address, Helena. Died, December 29th, 1888. 

Benjamin Ezekiel, son of Benjamin and Florence Ezekiel ; born at 
Tiverton, Devonshire, England, in 1827. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Virginia City, Nevada Territory; route 
traveled, across the mountains; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. Last address, Helena. Member House of Representa- 
tives, Eighth Extra Session, 1873; Regular Session, 1874, Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 

John Joseph Fant, son of William T. and Mary C. (Perkins) Fant; 
born in Warren County, Kentucky, December 24th, 1 838. Went to Cali- 
fornia in 1 86 1 via Isthmus of Panama. Place of departure for Montana, 
Stockton, California; route traveled, up the Sacramento River, via Oregon, 
and Idaho City; arrived at Virginia City, June 1st, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Helena. 

Charles C. Farmer, born at Peterborough, Madison County, New York, 
October 22d, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled^ 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, July 14th, 1863. Residence, Mt. 
Carroll, Illinois. 

Joseph D. Farrow. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Alder Gulch, September 
26th, 1864. 



142 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. James Fergus, ncc Pamelia Dillin, daughter of William and 
Mahalah (Bellows) Dillin; born at Watertovvn, Jefferson County, New York, 
June 22d, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, Little Falls, Minnesota; 
route traveled, via Grinnell, Iowa, Omaha, Nebraska, and across the plains via 
North Platte River and Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 
14th, 1864. Last address, Helena. Died, October 6th, 1887, 

William P. Finley, son of Richard and Mary (Clary) Finley; born at 
Dublin, Ireland, October 15th, 1838. Came to the United States, Place of 
departure for Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah ; route traveled via Fort Hall 
and Lemhi Valley; arrived at Gold Creek, June lOth, 1862. Occupation, 
miner and merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Thomas W. Fisher, son of Jonas and Lydia (Brunson) Fisher; born 
at New Columbia, Union County, Pennsylvania, February 20th, 1838. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Virginia City in June, 1863. Occupation, miner and millwright. 
Residence, Helena. 

Andrew J. Fisk, son of John B. and Jerusha T. Fisk ; born at La 
Grange, Cattaraugus County, New York, January 8th, 1849. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Fort Ridgeley, Minnesota ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Northern Route, crossing Missouri River near where Bismarck now 
is; arrived near where Glendive now is, in August, 1864. Occupation, pub- 
lisher and journalist. Residence, Helena. Postmaster at Helena. 

James L. Fisk, son of John B. and Jerusha T. Fisk; born in New 
York. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, across 
the plains via Northern Route, Forts Abercrombie and Union (August 9th), 
Milk and Marias Rivers; arrived near Fort Benton, September 5th, 1862. 
Residence, Bear Lake, Minnesota. Captain Fisk was in charge of govern- 
ment expeditions, for the protection of emigrants, via the Northern Route 
in' 1862-3-4. 

Mrs. Van H. Fisk, nee Alice Reed, daughter of George W. Reed; 
arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Helena. 

Harry Flegher. arrived in Montana, July 15th, 1861. Last address, 
Helena. 

Joseph P. Flick, arrived in Montana in September, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner and carpenter. Last address, Helena. Died, October 22d, 1894. 

Daniel A. G. Flowerree, son of Kimp and Matilda Flowerree; 
born in Ralls County, Missouri, May 19th, 1835. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains by stage; 



X^l 



• K 






MONTANA PIONEERS 143 

arrived at Virginia City, March i6th, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. 
Residence, Helena. 

Hareson Foncannon, arrived in Montana, June 23d, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner. Residence, Helena. 

George B. Foote, born at Canton, St. Lawrence County, New York, 
July 8th, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, New York City; route 
traveled, across the plains ida St. Paul and Forts Riley, Rice, Union, and 
Benton in Tommy Holmes' train; arrived at Last Chance Gulch, Septem- 
ber i6th, 1864. Profession, attorney. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. G. B. Foote, nee Effie Reed, daughter of George W. Reed. Ar- 
rived in Montana, August 15th, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

David Fratt, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Res- 
idence, Helena. 

Walter E. Frederick, son of Jacob and Isabel (Mclntire) Frederick; 
born at Chatham, Ontario, Canada, August i6th, 1840. Place of departure 
for Montana, Canada; route traveled, overland via Hudson Bay, Forts 
Garry and Edmonton, and Kootenai Pass; arrived at Big Bend, Kootenai 
River, in September, 1862. Occupation, telegrapher. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. W. E. Frederick, nee Anna I. Ray, daughter of Thomas A. 
and Sophia ( Byers ) Ray ; born at Maryville, Nodaway County, Missouri, 
April 17th, 1857. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via South Pass and Lander Cut Off; arrived at 
Virginia City in August, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

John H. Freeser, son of Stephen H. Freeser; born at St. Charles, St. 
Charles County, Missouri, January 9th, 1843. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; 
arrived at Virginia City, July 14th, 1864. Occupation, stock grower. Res- 
idence, Helena. 

Nicholas Fretz, born at Napanee, Ontario, Canada, January 31st, 
1839. Place of departure for Montana, Canada; route traveled, across the 
plains along the North Platte; arrived at Virginia City, May 25th, 1864. 
Occupation, accountant. Residence, Helena. 

A. J. Garwood, arrived in Montana, September 7th, 1864. Residence, 
Helena. 

Michael L. Geary. Place of departure for Montana, Macon County, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, Sep- 
tember 15th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 



144 SOCIETY OF 

Frank S. Getchell, born at Benton, Maine, in 1832. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, California; route traveled, overland via Salt Lake; 
arrived at Virginia City, March 17th, 1864. Occupation, miner and con- 
tractor. Residence, Helena. 

John R. Gilbert, born in Duchess County, New York, March ist, 
1832. Place of departure for Montana, Jefferson City, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Last Chance Gulch in July, 1864. 
Occupation, carpenter. Residence, Los Angeles, California. 

Mrs. J. R. Gilbert, nee Mary J. Russ, born in Massachusetts. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived at Last Chance Gulch, July 2d, 1864. Residence, Los Angeles, 
California. 

Warren C. Gillette, son of Orimel and Julia (Ferris) Gillette; born 
in Orleans County, New York, March loth, 1832. Place of departure for 
Montana, Illinois; route traveled, up the Missouri River to Fort Union, 
thence overland; arrived at Montana City in September, 1862. Occupa- 
tion, freighter, merchant, and sheepman. Residence, Dearborn. Member 
of Council, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879; Thirteenth Session, 1883; 
Sixteenth Session, 1889, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Member Con- 
stitutional Convention, 1889, Twelfth District, Lewis and Clarke County. 

Samuel C. Gilpatrick, born at Augusta, Maine, in 1838. Place of 
departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; route traveled, up the Missouri River ; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. S. C. Gilpatrick, nee Luella Fergus, daughter of James and 
Pamelia (Dillin) Fergus ; born at Moline, Rock Island County, Illinois, 
November 25th, 1848. Place of departure for Montana, Little Falls, Minne- 
sota; route traveled, across the plains via Grinnell, Iowa, Omaha, Ne- 
braska, the Platte River, and Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 14th, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

James Gourley, son of John and Mary (Cleland) Gourley ; born at 
Diveruagh, County Armagh, Ireland, May 4th, 1840. Came to the United 
States in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Galena, Illinois; route 
traveled, up the Missouri River on steamer Emilie ; arrived at Fort Ben- 
ton, June 17th, 1862. Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Hattie E. Grattan, daughter of Willard and Mary (Wells) Grattan ; 
born at Buena Vista, Portage County, Wisconsin, April i8th, 1863. Place 
of departure for Montana, Portage County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Gallatin Valley, September nth, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer, Prickly Pear Valley. Residence, Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 145 

Stephen A. Grattan, son of Willard and Mary (Wells) Grattan ; born 
at Buena Vista, Portage County, Wisconsin, May 5th, 1853. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Portage County, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Gallatin Valley, September iith, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Willard Grattan, born at Vernon, Oneida County, New York, March 
3d, 181 7. Place of departure for Montana, Portage County, Wisconsin; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Gallatin Valley, September nth, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Mrs. W. Grattan, nee Mary Wells, born at Louisville, Kentucky. 
Place of departure for Montana, Portage County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Gallatin Valley, September iith, 1864. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Prickly Pear Valley. Residence, Helena. 

Nicholas Gredel, son of Adam and Mary Gredel ; born in Germany, 
November 21st, 1842. Came to the United States in 1849. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains to Denver, 
Colorado, in i860; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, baker and 
ranchman. Last address. Silver City. 

John Griffith, arrived in Montana, June 14th, 1862. Occupation, miner. 

William Hubbard Guthrie, son of Samuel H. and Rebecca G. Guth- 
rie ; born at Woodsfield, Monroe County, Ohio, October 30th, 1830. Place 
of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived at Bannack, October 4th, 1862. 
Occupation, stock raiser. Last address, Helena. Died, June 4th, 1892. 

John S. Hackney. Place of departure for Montana, Van Buren County, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via the Bozeman Route; arrived at 
Virginia City, September 15th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Helena. Left the territory in 1870. 

W. H. Hackney. Place of departure for Montana, Van Buren County, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Route; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, September 15th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Hel- 
ena. Left the territory in 1870. 

Robert S. Hale, son of Thomas Hale ; born at May's Lick, Mason 
County, Kentucky. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, July loth, 1864. Occupation, merchant and miner. Residence, Helena. 

Robert Stavely Hamilton, born in County Antrim, Ireland, in 1839. 
Came to the United States in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Little 
Falls, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via the Platte River and 

M. p.— 10 



146 SOCIETY OF 

Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July ist, 1864. Occupation, 
stockman. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. R. S. Hamilton nee Mary Agnes Fergus, daughter of James 
and Pamelia ( Dillin ) Fergus. Place of departure for Montana, Henry 
County, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via the Platte River and 
Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July ist, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

John W. Hardgrove, arrived at Virginia City, September 9th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Peter Hartwig, born at Rhine Province, Prussia, August 9th, 1835, 
Place of departure for Montana, South Park, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Bridger Pass; arrived at Bannack, June 14th, 1863, 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

John Jacob Harwood, son of Albert and Delilah (Molberry) Harwood ; 
born at Georgetown, Kentucky, November 21st, 1836. Place of departure 
for Montana, Greene County, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via 
Denver, Colorado, in i860; arrived at Alder Gulch in November, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

William S. Haskell, son of Sewell and Mary (Mae) Haskell; born at 
Sherbrooke, Province of Quebec, Canada, March 24th, 1824. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains via Platte 
River and Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia City, August 31st, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, carpenter. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. W. S. Haskell nee Mary Jane Smith, daughter of Richard 
P. and Eliza Smith ; born in Lincklean, Chenango County, New York, 
July 8th, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, August 31st, 
1864. Residence, Helena. 

James W. Hathaway, son of Cephas and Jane Hathaway; born in 
Monroe County, Ohio, September 25th, 1844. Place of departure for 
Montana, Cortland, Ohio; route traveled, via Atchison, Kansas, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, June 4th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, deputy collector internal revenue. Residence, Helena. Sheriff 
Lewis and Clarke County. 

Samuel Thomas Hauser, born at Falmouth, Pendleton County, Ken- 
tucky, January loth, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route 
traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in June, Gold Creek in 
August, 1862. Occupation, miner and banker. Residence, Helena. Gov- 
ernor of the territory 1885. Treasurer Society of Montana Pioneers, 1884-9. 

Cornelius Hedges, son of Dennis and Alvena (Noble) Hedges; born 
at VVestfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, October 28th, 1831. Place 



MONTANA PIONEERS i47 

cf departure for Montana, Independence, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Des Moines, Omaha, North Platte, and Bridger Cut Off, overtaking 
Bridger and Jacobs at Stinkingwater ; arrived at crossing of the Yellow- 
stone River, near Livingston, July 4th, 1864. Profession, lawyer. Residence, 
Helena. Member Cons'titutional Convention, 1884. Member Senate, First 
Session, 1889-90, and Second Session, 1891, State Legislative Assembly. 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1872-8, 1883-5. Republican candi- 
date for Congress, 1874. Grand Master A. F. and A. M., 1871 ; Grand Sec- 
retary, 1872-99; Corresponding Secretary, 1885-7; Secretary, 1888-91; 
Treasurer, 1892-4, Society of Montana Pioneers. President Lewis and Clarke 
County Society of Montana Pioneers, 1898. 

Deforest Hedges, son of Christopher Edmund and Mary (Newell) 
Hedges; born at Barton, Tioga County, New York, March 30th, 1840. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Bridger, Bitter Creek, and Green and Snake Rivers; arrived 
at Bannack in September, 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, 
East Helena. 

Lewis H. Hershfield, son of Harris and Fega (Ringoldsky) Hersh- 
field; born at Utica, Oneida County, New York, August 21st, 1836. Place 
of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado ; rotate traveled, across the 
plains via Denver and Salt Lake City, Utah ; arrived at Virginia City, July 
3d, 1864. Occupation, banker. Residence, Helena. Member Constitutional 
Convention, 1889, representing Fourteenth District, Lew-is and Clarke County. 

Homer DeWolf Hewins, son of Erastus Cook and Sabra S. Hewins ; 
born at Elyria, Lorain County, Ohio, in 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via the old Chero- 
kee trail; arrived in Deer Lodge Valley in July, 1862. Occupation, miner, 
freighter, and musician. Residence, Cardston, Alberta, Canada. 

Richard Owen Hickman, son of William and Mary (Cardwell) Hick- 
man; born in Shelby County, Kentucky, November ist, 1831. Went across 
the plains to California in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; 
route traveled, across the plains via St. Joseph, Bitter Creek, and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June 30th, 1864. Occupation, merchant. 
Last address, Helena. Territorial Treasurer, 187 1—5. Member House of 
Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70; Tenth Session, 1877; Council, 
Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879; House, Thirteenth Session, 1883. 
President of Council, Fifteenth and Extra Sessions, 1887. Member Con- 
stitutional Convention, 1889, Sixteenth District, Madison County. State 
Treasurer, 1889-92. Died, July 20th, 1895. 

Matthew Hilger, son of Daniel and Susanna (Ewert) Hilger; born 
at Luxemburg, Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, in 1834. Came to the United 



148 SOCIETY OF 

States in 1847. Place of departure for Montana, Henderson, Minnesota; 
route traveled, across the plains via Northern Route, Fort Rice, up Cannon 
Ball River, across to Heart River, to Knife River, across to the Little Mis- 
souri Bad Lands, to the Yellowstone, Missouri, Milk, and Marias Rivers; 
arrived at Fort Benton in September, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Helena. Died, March, 1889. 

Nicholas Hilger, son of Daniel and Susanna (Ewert) Hilger; born 
at Luxemburg, Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, October 28th, 1831. Came to 
the United States in 1847. Place of departure for Montana, Henderson, 
Minnesota ; route traveled, across the plains via Northern Route, Fort Rice, . 
up Cannon Ball River, across to Heart River, to Knife River, across to the 
Little Missouri Bad Lands, to the Yellowstone, Missouri, Milk, and Marias 
Rivers; arrived at Fort Benton in September, 1864. Occupation, miner 
and stock raiser. Residence, Gate of the Mountains. 

S. HiNCHCLlFF, arrived in Montana in April, 1864, Occupation, shoe- 
maker. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Richard Hoback, son of Michael and Josephine (Burchin) Hoback ; born 
in Kentucky, August nth, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, St. 
Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains t'/(T Northern Route, with 
General Sully's Expedition; arrived at Fort Benton in 1864, Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Truman L. Hodge, son of Jacob and Susan Hodge; born in Oneida 
County, New York, in 1831. Place of departure for Montana, California; 
route traveled, overland via Portland, Oregon ; arrived at Missoula in 1862. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

James Hogle. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, October ist, 1863. Residence, 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 

G. J. Hollenbeck, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Helena. 

Anton M. Holter, son of Foin and Berta M. (Floxstad) Holter ; born 
at Moss, Norway, June 29th, 1831. Came to the United States in 1854. 
Place of departure for Montana, Osage, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Denver and the Platte River ; arrived at Virginia City, Decem- 
ber I St, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. Member Coun- 
cil, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial, and Member (Republican) 
House of Representatives, First Session, 1889-90; Second Session, 1891, 
State Legislative Assembly. President Society of Montana Pioneers, 1889— 
90. Treasurer, 1898. 

Martin M. Holter, son of Foin and Berta M. (Floxstad) Holter; 
born at Moss, Norway, July 17th, 1835. Came to the United States, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 149 

Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, lumber dealer and merchant. 
Residence, Helena. 

John Horsky, son of Joseph Horsky, Sr. ; born in Province of Bo- 
hemia, Austria, May i6th, 1838. Came to the United States in 1855. 
Place of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Pike's Peak; arrived at Virginia City, August 30th, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. Member House of Representa- 
tives, Fourth Session, 1895, State Legislative Assembly. Commissioner 
Lewis and Clarke County. 

Joseph Horsky, son of Joseph Horsky, Sr. ; born in Province of Bo- 
hemia, Austria, October 6th, 1842. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Pike's Peak; arrived at Virginia City, August 27th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Edwin Howe, born at London, England, August 24th, 1831. Came 
to the United States in 1848, Place of departure for Montana, New York; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Helena in 1864. Occupation, 
farmer and merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Edward M. Hoyt, son of Chauncey and Keturah Hoyt; born at Tully, 
Onondaga County, New York, August 24th, 1828. Place of departure for 
Montana, Platteville, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains via the 
North Platte Route and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 7th, 
1864. Occupation, real estate dealer. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. E. M. Hoyt nee Deborah M. Russell, arrived in Montana in 
August, 1864. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

WlLLL\M Johns, son of Nicholas and Maria (Zanters) Johns; born at 
Banstert, Prussia, October 15th, 1835. Came to the United States in 1856. 
Place of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado ; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger, Bear River, and Soda Springs ; arrived 
at Bannack, November loth, 1863. Occupation, farrner. Residence, Prickly 
Pear Canyon. 

John A. Johnston, son of Samuel and Sarah (McFerran) Johnston; 
born at Martinsville, Warren County, Kentucky, July 3d, 1825. Place of 
departure for Montana, Ottumwa, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Bear River, Snake River, and Idaho ; 
arrived at Virginia City, July 3d, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Residence, 
Helena. Member Constitutional Convention, 1866. 



I50 SOCIETY OF 

Edward W. Jones, son of John and Rebecca F. (Hardesty) Jones; 
born in Boone County, Kentucky, July 30th, 1857. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia 
City in June, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Jacob Hardesty Jones, son of John and Rebecca F, (Hardesty) 
Jones; born in Boone County, Kentucky, February 15th, 1853. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
at Virginia City in June, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

James G. Jones, son of John and Ann Eliza (Allen) Jones. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
in Montana, December loth, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

John Jones, son of Joshua and Lavinia Jones ; born in Pennsylvania, 
April loth, 1 817. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Colorado; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Helena. Member Council, Sixth Ses- 
sion, 1869-70, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Died, July 19th, 1879. 

Mrs. J. Jones, nee Rebecca F. Hardesty, arrived at Virginia City in 
June, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

C. Jump, son of Horace and Catherine (Drake) Jump; born near 
Cayuga Lake, Cayuga County, New York, in 1825. Went across the plains 
to California in 1852, to Oregon in 1862. Place of departure for Montana, 
Oregon ; route traveled, across the mountains via Idaho City ; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Helena. De- 
ceased. 

J. Henry JurGENS, son of Herman and Clara Jurgens ; born at Hanover, 
Germany, March 26th, 1843. Place of departure for Montana, Shakopee, 
Scott County, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via Northern 
Route; arrived at Last Chance Gulch, September 23d, 1863. Occupation, 
merchant and miner. Residence, Helena. Member House of Representa- 
tives, Fourteenth Session, 1885, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Sheriff 
Lewis and Clarke County. 

John A. Keating, born at Liverpool, England, November 5th, 1836. 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, 
June 1st, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. G. W. Keeler nee Eleanora A. Brannin, born in Wisconsin. 
Place of departure for Montana, Booneville, Missouri ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off and Bear River Mountains; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, September 7th, 1864. Residence, Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 151 

John E. Kelly, born in New York in March, 1841. Place of departure 
for Montana, Galena, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger 
Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in April, 1863. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

NiCKOLAS Kessler, son of Nickolas and Catharine Kessler; born at 
Befoot, Canton Echternach, Grand Duchy Luxemburg, May 26th, 1833. 
Came to the United States in 1854. Place of departure for Montana, Mont- 
gomery, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger and 
Bitter Creek; arrived at Bannack, September 22d, 1863. Occupation, 
brewer. Residence, Helena. Member House of Representatives, Tenth 
Session, 1877, Territorial Legislative Assembly. President Society of Mon- 
tana Pioneers, 1897-8. 

James King, born at Morrisburg, Canada. Came to the United States 
in 1 85 1. Place of departure for Montana, Galena, Illinois; route traveled, 
up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in September, 1862. Occu- 
pation, merchant and miner. Residence, Helena. 

John Kinna, born in New York. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City in 1864. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Helena. First mayor 
of Helena, 1 880-1. 

Mrs. J. Kinna, nee Janet McGovern, arrived in Montana in 1864. 
Residence, Fostoria, Ohio. 

Hugh Kirkendall, son of Andrew and Nancy Kirkendall ; born in 
Alleghany County, Pennsylvania, December 21st, 1835. Place of departure 
for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains, with 
government expedition under Colonel Rollins, exploring headwaters of the 
Yellowstone River via Bozeman Route, came up the Missouri River to Fort 
Union, thence across the country ; arrived at Fort Benton in summer of 
1858. Occupation, railroad contractor and stock raiser. Last address, 
Helena. Died, April i8th, 1897. 

Henry Klein, son of Gabriel Klein; born in Austria, August 20th, 
1842. Came to the United States in 1858. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, San Francisco, California; route traveled, overland ; arrived at Helena 
in 1865. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Theodore H. Kleinschmidt, son of Frederick and Louise (Erfort) 
Kleinschmidt; born at Petershagen, Province of Minden, Prussia, August 
2d, 1839. Came to the United States in 1843. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger 
Pass, Laramie Plains, and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, May 12th, 



152 SOCIETY OF 

1864. Occupation, banker. Residence, Helena. Treasurer Society of Mon- 
tana Pioneers, 1889-90, '91-2, '94-8. 

William Kloeden, born in Saxony, Germany, November 29th, 1829. 
Place of departure for Montana, Yankton, Dakota Territory; route traveled, 
up the Missouri River, with Captain J. L. Fisk's Expedition, starting in 
April, 1864; arrived at Pipestone in June, 1865. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

John Krohn, son of George and Margaret Krohn; born at St. Cloud, 
Minnesota, February 14th, 1855. Place of departure for Montana, Minne- 
sota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Montana City in 1864. 
Occupation, hotel keeper. Last address, Helena. 

Adam Krossman, arrived in Montana, September 26th, 1864. Last ad- 
dress, Helena. 

Nathaniel Pitt Langford, born in Oneida County, New York, Au- 
gust 9th, 1832. Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route 
traveled, across the plains via Northern Route in James L. Fisk's Expedi- 
tion via Fort Abercrombie ; arrived at Gold Creek, September 26th, 1862. 
Occupation, banker. Residence, St. Paul, Minnesota. Collector of internal 
revenue, 1864-8. First Superintendent Yellowstone National Park, 1872. 
Bank examiner. Author of "Vigilante Days and Ways." 

John Larson, son of Lars Hintzeson and Christine Larson; born at 
Ringe, Denmark, June 14th, 1839. Came to the United States in 1863. 
Place of departure for Montana, Racine, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across 
the plains via North Platte River and Bozeman Route ; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 5th, 1864. Occupation, miner and contractor. Residence, 
Marysville. Commissioner Lewis and Clarke County. 

Frederick Lehman, son of Frederick and Wilhelmina (Corann) Leh- 
man; born at Frankfort on the Oder, Germany, November 12th, 1830. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Soda Springs, Utah ; arrived at Virginia City, November 
1 2th, 1864. Occupation, merchant and miner. Residence, Helena. 

Charles B. Leith, arrived in Montana, October 31st, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner. Residence, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

James H. Lemon, born at Dublin, Ireland, July 13th, 1846. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; 
route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Helena in 1864. Occu- 
pation, stock grower. Last address, Augusta. Died, September 15th, 1891. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 153 

Marcus Lissner, born in Poland, January 17th, 1834. Came to the 
United States in 185 1. Went to California in 1851 via Isthmus of Pan- 
ama. Place of departure for Montana, Sierra County, California; route 
traveled, overland trail via Salt Lake City, Utah ; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
July 25th, 1864, Occupation, hotel proprietor. Residence, Helena. Mem- 
ber of the City Council. 

Thomas Jefferson Lowry, son of Thomas Jefferson Lowry; born in 
Crawford County, Pennsylvania in 1836. Place of departure for Montana, 
Dodge County, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via the North- 
ern Route with General Alfred Sully's expedition to Fort Union ; arrived at 
Helena, September 15th, 1864. Profession, lawyer. Last address, Helena. 
Died, November 27th, 1886. 

Lorenzo Branch Lyman, son of Enoch and Margaret Lyman ; born 
in Lewis County, New York, September 6th, 1828. Place of departure for 
Montana, Waukesha, Wisconsin ; route traveled, via Platte River, Sweet- 
water River, South Pass, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch in 
September, 1864. Occupation, farmer and attorney at law. Residence, 
Helena. 

J. H. Manlove, son of Mark and Jane Manlove; born in Highland 
County, Ohio, in 1824. Went across the plains to California in 1849, ^^id 
returned in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Fort Dodge, Iowa; 
route traveled, across the plains via Colorado ; arrived at Last Chance 
Gulch in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Helena. 

James Mason, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, contractor. 
Residence, Helena. 

C. Mathias, born at Hellenthal, Prussia. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Meriden, Illinois; route traveled, across 
the plains via the North Platte; arrived in Montana, July 3d, 1863. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

William Mayger, son of John and Elizabeth (Chessman) Mayger; 
born at St. Louis, Missouri, November 24th, 1842. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri River 
on steamer Yellowstone ; arrived at Cow Island, June 21st, 1863, Fort 
Benton, July 4th, 1864, and Silver Creek, July 17th. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Marysville. Member Constitutional Convention, 1889, Twelfth 
District, Lewis and Clarke County. 

WlLLL\M R. McCoMAS, born at New Richmond, Indiana, January 5th, 
1845. Place of departure for Montana, Jackson County, Iowa; route trav- 



154 SOCIETY OF 

eled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, livery stable proprietor. Residence, Helena. 

Jefferson McDermott. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, 
Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in July, 
1862. 

M. P. McDonald. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Last address. Nelson Gulch. 

James P. McEvily, son of Patrick and Catherine (Lize) McEvily; born 
at Louisburg, County Mayo, Ireland, in September, 1835. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, San Francisco, California ; 
route traveled, overland via Virginia City, Nevada, and Salt Lake City, Utah ; 
arrived at Virginia City in fall of 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Helena. 

Eli W. McNeal, born near Niagara Falls, New York, August 28th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, via Mis- 
souri River; arrived at Fort Charles, July 4th, 1863. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Hugh McQuaid, arrived in Montana in March, 1864. Occupation, 
printer and miner. Residence, Spokane, Washington. 

William F. Mellen, born at Westborough, Worcester County, Massa- 
chusetts, September 9th, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, Atchison, 
Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake and Portneuf Canyon; 
arrived at Deer Lodge, September loth, i860. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Helena. Deceased. 

Thomas Gale Merrill, son of Thomas W. and Sarah A. (Oakes) 
Merrill; born at Comstock, Michigan, June, 9th, 1839. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via North- 
ern route and Milk River; arrived at Prickly Pear Valley, August 5th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Ellen Merritt, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Helena. 

Theodore B. Merritt, born at Honcsdale, Pennsylvania, March ist, 
1 83 1. Place of departure for Montana, Dubuque, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in September, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Helena. Died, August 6th, 1899. 

John Merry, son of Robert and Sarah Merry ; born at Sowden, York- 
shire, near Scarborough, England, in 1832. Came to the United States. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 155 

Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Platte River and Lander Cut Off ; arrived at Bannack in 
August, 1862. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, Helena. 

E. M. Mifflin, arrived in Montana, May loth, 1864. Residence, 
Helena. 

Wallace L. Millegan, son of James A. and Eleanor (Mead) Mille- 
gan ; born at Cairo, Greene County, New York, February 4th, 1837. Went 
to Pike's Peak in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Forts Collins, Halleck, and Bridger, Bear 
River, Soda Springs, Fort Hall, Snake River, Pleasant Valley divide, and 
Red Rock; arrived at Bannack, May 28th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. 
Prickly Pear Valley. Residence, Helena. Commissioner Lewis and Clarke 
County. 

Mrs. W. L. Millegan nee Martha A. Rockfellow, daughter of Theo- 
dore and Ann (VanDorn) Rockfellow; born at Newark, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 14th, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, Iowa; 
route traveled, across the plains via Omaha, north side of North Platte 
River, Fort Laramie, Red Butte, Bridger Cut Off, and Wind and Yellow- 
stone Rivers; arrived at Bannack City, July 29th, 1864. Residence, Prickly 
Pear Valley. 

Anton E. Miller, arrived in Montana, May loth, 1864. Residence, 
Helena. 

Henry Miller. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in July, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner and hotel keeper. Last address, Spokane House. 

Ignace Miller, born in France. Came to the United States. Place 
of departure for Montana, Cincinnati, Ohio; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, August 25th. 1863. Occu- 
pation, brewer. Residence, Helena. 

Hubert Alphonse Milot, son of Francois and Catharine (Hubert) 
Milot; born at Yamachiche, Canada, December 25th, 1846. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Deer Lodge, October 9th, 1861. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

James Ming, son of Wollery and Dorothea P. Ming; born in Virginia. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Washington, Franklin County, 
Missouri. 



156 SOCIETY OF 

John Hollins Ming, son of Wollery and Dorothea P. Ming; born 
near Lynchburg, Campbell County, Virginia, February 6th, 1831. Went 
to California in 1849 ^"d returned. Place of departure for Montana, Den- 
ver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Halleck, Green 
River, Bitter Creek, Bridger Pass, and Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia 
City in fall of 1863. Occupation, merchant and cattle raiser. Last ad- 
dress, Helena. Territorial auditor, 1866-7. Died, December 27th, 1887. 

John Moffitt, son of Thomas and Eleanor (Riddle) Mofifitt; born at 
Island Bridge Barracks, Dublin, Ireland, June 27th, 1836. Came to the 
United States in 1851. Place of departure for Montana, Topeka, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route, Fort Laramie, Tongue, 
Big Horn, and Yellowstone Rivers; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. 
Occupation, miner and deputy collector of internal revenue. Residence, 
Helena. 

Henry Monroe, son of Alfred and Susan Emeline (Crawford) Monroe; 
born in Oakland County, Michigan, August 14th, 1839. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Patrick Moran, born in Ireland in 1846. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, California ; route traveled, overland via 
Umatilla, Oregon; arrived at Alder Gulch in April, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Helena. 

William Henry Moran, son of Patrick and Katharine (Mulligan) 
Moran; born at Jackson, Dakota County, Nebraska, in 1862. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via 
Platte River and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September nth, 
1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Helena. 

Julius F. Morley, son of S. G. and Annie (Day) Morley; born at 
Westfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, July 31st, 1829. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River on steamer Spread Eagle; arrived at Fort Benton, June 21st, and 
Gold Creek, July 20th, 1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, Marysville. 

David Morris, son of Joachim and Esther (Schlesinger) Morris; born 
at Kempen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia, November 8th, 1849. Came to th^ 
United States in 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off and Soda Springs; 
arrived at Virginia City in October, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Rc;si- 
dence, Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 157 

Moses Morris, son of Joachim and Esther (Schlesinger) Morris; born 
at Kempen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia, May 5th, 1844. Place of departure 
for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Denver, Bridger Pass, and Salt Lake City ; arrived at Virginia City, May 
1st, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Theophilus Muffly, born in Centre County, Pennsylvania, October 
22d, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Burlington, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 
lOth, 1864. Profession, lawyer. Last address, Helena. President Madison 
County Pioneers, 1889; Secretary Society of Montana Pioneers, 1896-8. De- 
ceased. 

J. J. MULLER, son of Adam and Elizabeth (Bolinger) Muller; born in 
Switzerland, October i8th, 1824. Came to the United States in 1854. 
Place of departure for Montana, Sidney, Fremont County, Iowa ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, 
butcher, brewer, and hotel keeper. Last address, Helena. 

Martin Muller, arrived in Montana, January i6th, 1859. Last address, 
Helena. Deceased. 

Henry Munckmeier, arrived in Montana, July 29th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, East Helena. 

John T. Murphy, son of William S. and Amelia (Tyler) Murphy; born 
in Platte County, Missouri, February 26th, 1842. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, July 12th, 1864. Occupation, merchant, banker, and stockman. Res- 
idence, Helena. 

Thomas Neill, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Mrs. a. J. Nelson nee Arvie J. Smith, daughter of Robert and Mar- 
garet Smith ; born at Black Hawk, Gilpin County, Colorado, November 
1 8th, 1863. Place of departure for Montana, Black Hawk, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in June, 1864. Resi- 
dence, York. 

Jerome Norris, son of Jacob and Mary (Brown) Norris; born at 
Chelsea, Orange County, Vermont, April 26th, 1832. Place of departure 
for Montana, Idaho; route traveled, overland; arrived at Last Chance Gulch, 
May 27th, 1863. Occupation, merchant and miner. Residence, Helena. 

James E. Norris, son of Everet West and Frances Camille (Adams) 
Norris; born at Bannack (Idaho) Montana in 1863. Occupation, mail 
clerk. Residence, Helena. 



158 SOCIETY OF 

William Edward Norris, son of Everet West and Frances Camille 
(Adams) Norris; born on the plains, July loth, 1862, Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, en route California trail ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived at Bannack, August 14th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, architect. Residence, Helena. 

John Oaks, son of John and Eva Oaks ; born in Somerset County, 
Pennsylvania, April loth, 183 1. Place of departure for Montana, Musca- 
tine County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack' 
in 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Canyon Ferry. 

Andrew O'Connell, arrived in Montana, September 8th, 1863, Oc- 
cupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. Andrew O'Connell nee Elizabeth Logan, daughter of Robert 
Logan; born in Ireland in 1837. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, in June, 1864. Last address, 
Helena. Died, May 14th, 1889. 

Thomas O'Connor. Place of departure for Montana, Edgerton, Rock 
County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia 
City, July 6th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Terrence O'Donnell, son of James and Annie O'Donnell ; born near 
Mechanicstown, Carroll County, Ohio. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte River, 
Fort Bridger, Echo Canyon, and Salt Lake City; arrived at Virginia City, 
May 23d, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Gabriel Houston Oldham, born in Washington County, Tennessee, 
in 1 81 5. Place of departure for Montana, Fair Play, Colorado ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Soda Springs and Snake River; arrived at 
Virginia City, November 14th, 1863. Occupation, locksmith. Last address, 
Helena. Deceased, 

James Albert Oldham, son of Gabriel Houston and Sarah Oldham ; 
born at Fayette, Howard County, Missouri, in 1848. Place of departure 
for Montana, Fair Play, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in October, 1863. Occupation, 
locksmith and miner. Residence, Helena. 

Joseph O'Neill, son of Charles and Hannah O'Neill; born in Berk- 
shire County, Massachusetts, December 5th, 1842. Place of departure for 
Montana, Carlyle, Clinton County, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains 




MRS. J. J. HALL 



JAMES U. SANDERS 



JOHN REED 

WALTER COOPER, President, 1392-3 

THOMAS B. GARDNER 



T. E. COLLINS 



up' 

PUBLIC LIBKARY 

ACTOR LEMO^ 



MONTANA PIONEERS 159 

via St. Louis, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, South Pass, and Sublette's Cut 
Off; arrived at Virginia City, June i8th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

Mrs. J. O'Neill, ncc Eliza P. Thompson, daughter of Thomas S. and 
Eliza M. Thompson; born at Niagara, Ontario, Canada, May 3d, 1839. 
Came to the United States in 1845. Place of departure for Montana, 
Uniontown, Kentucky ; route traveled, across the plains via Illinois, Mis- 
souri, Nebraska, and the Black Hills ; arrived at Virginia City, September 
9th, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

Henry Martin Parchen, son of George and Maria (Ruehling) Parchen ; 
born in Prussia, June 13th, 1839. Came to the United States in 1848. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains by stage to Salt Lake City, thence by own conveyance ; arrived 
at Virginia City, July 2d, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 
Member House of Representatives, Twelfth Session, 1881, Territorial Legis- 
lative Assembly. Treasurer Society of Montana Pioneers, 1890-1. Com- 
missioner, Lewis and Clarke County. 

James B. Patch, arrived at Virginia City, October 12th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, teacher. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

John Walker Patrick, son of William Jefferson and Jemima (Walker) 
Patrick; born near Crab Orchard, Boone Licks, Lincoln County, Ken- 
tucky, August 17th, 1809. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, 
Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at present east- 
ern state line near old Fort Union, between July 15th and 20th, and at the 
mouth of the Marias River, September 3d, 1836. Occupation, trader, miner, 
freighter, and farmer. Residence, Augusta. Mr. Patrick on his first trip from 
St. Louis in 1836, was in charge of five Bateaux, five ton boats, and twenty 
men, as follows : Peter Arnett, St. Louis ; Samuel Carter, St. Louis ; Edward 
Coleman, St. Louis ; Frank Conner, St. Louis ; James C. Faine, Virginia ; Dr. 
Gibson, St. Louis; Henry Green, Mississippi; Tom Hardy, St. Louis; Michael 
Hickey, Tennessee ; George Johnson, Knoxville, Tennessee; Samuel Johnson, 
Knoxville, Tennessee ; Francis Layden, Virginia ; James Newman, St. Louis; 
Francis Paine, Buncombe County, North Carolina ; William F. Parmer, Ten- 
nessee ; Henry Robare, St. Louis ; James Sinclair, St. Louis ; John Tipton^ 
Tennessee; William Tipton, Tennessee; and John Webb, St. Louis. An 
independent party of five came from St. Louis the same season and came 
up the Missouri River about the same time, camping frequently near Mr. 
Patrick's party ; it consisted of Charles F. Parmer, Louis Grevel, Tom Clark^ 
Belman, and another. They went up onto the Madison River and re- 
mained two or three years and returned to St. Louis. Parmer afterwards 



i6o SOCIETY OF 

returned to this country. In the spring of 1837 Mr. Patrick went to Van- 
couver, Washington Territory, through the Lo Lo Pass to Lapvvai (Lewis- 
ton) Idaho, going on horseback from the mouth of the Marias River ; 
reached Vancouver June .14th; came back to Whitman's Mission on the 
Walla Walla River, twelve miles from Walla Walla, and went to Salt Lake 
in September, 1837. I" 1837 Mr. Patrick and Barney Ward established a 
trading post at Provo City, Utah, fifty miles south of Salt Lake, and kept 
it until 1848. Mr. Patrick traded to Sante Fe from 1842 to 1845, 
acted as guide for the government and for different parties, and has crossed 
the plains to and from St. Louis and other points about forty times. In 
1 846 he joined General Sterling Price and was at the Battle of Buena Vista, 
remaining in Mexico until 1848. In 1849 1''^ crossed the plains to California 
in a party of twenty-two, packing mules to Sacramento and returned to the 
trading post near Salt Lake in 1850; he came to Fort Owen in the Bitter 
Root Valley and in March, 185 i, took 150 head of Indian (Flathead) horses 
to South (Pacific) Pass, on the old Emigrant road to California and Oregon. 
On October ist, 185 1, he left for Portland, Oregon, and stopped at the 
government post at The Dalles; was married November 28th, 1851, to Nancy 
Ann Morton, at Portland, where his family remained three years. He went 
on horseback to California in 1852, and settled in Rogue River Valley, 
Jackson County, Oregon, where he remained until 1859, fighting Indians 
every year while there. Mr. Patrick made his headquarters at Walla Walla 
from 1859 to 1869, freighting from there into Montana from 1863 to 1869. 
He was a guide for Mr. T. H. Canfield for the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Company three years, and was settled at Horse Plains, Missoula County, 
until 1872. Lived at New Chicago from 1872 until 1876; at Helena a 
short time; at Fort Benton until 1882; at Barker until 1884. Went to Min- 
eral Springs on the North P'ork of Sun River and lived there and at Au- 
gusta ever since. Mr. Patrick has had thirteen children, nine living, and he 
has forty children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren, 

Christopher L. Payne, son of William M. and Eliza (Hamilton) Payne; 
born near Danville, Vermilion County, Ilhnois, July 31st, 1834. Place of 
departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River on steamer Shrcveport, thence overland from old Fort Charles ; ar- 
rived at Montana City, November ist, 1862. Occupation, hotel keeper. Last 
address, Helena. 

Edward Warren Payne, born at Richland, Oswego County, New York, 
June 15th, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off and Soda Springs ; arrived 
at Virginia City, November 1st, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS i6i 

Woodman S. Paynter, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, mer- 
chant. Last address, San Francisco, California. 

Robert A. Pelkev, arrived at Hell Gate in August, 1861. 

Otto Peterson, born in Holstein, Germany. Place of departure for 
Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah; route traveled, via Portneuf Canyon; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch, March 20th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Helena. 

John Potter, son of Joseph and Ellen (Wheeler) Potter; born at 
Athens, Maine, February 17th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, 
Minnesota ; route traveled, across the plains via Northern Route, Red River 
of the North, Fort Abercrombie, and Mouse and Milk Rivers ; arrived at Fort 
Benton, August 27th, 1862. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 
First postmaster of Helena, 1865-70. 

James Quirk, arrived in Montana, April i6th, 1863. Residence, Virginia 
City, Nevada. 

John Ambrose Quirk, son of John and Joanna (Courtney) Quirk; born 
at Boston, Massachusetts, May 20th, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, 
Galena, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte, Bridger 
Cut Off, Wind, Big Horn, and Yellowstone Rivers, and Three Forks of the 
Missouri; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Helena. 

John Rahn. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in November, 1863. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Helena. 

George Raush. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Last ad- 
dress, Helena. Deceased. 

Thomas A. Ray, born in Kentucky, March 27th, 1829. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at 
Virginia City in August, 1864. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

Mrs. T. a. Ray, nee Sophia Byers. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City in 
August, 1864. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

t 

Emma L. Ray, daughter of Thomas A. and Sophia (Byers) Ray. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

M. p.— II 



i62 SOCIETY OF 

Verena L. Ray, daughter of Thomas A. and Sophia (Byers) Ray. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

Charles Reahm, born in Germany, March 23d, 1834. Came to the 
United States in 1845; went across the plains to California in 1855. Place 
of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, overland via Austin, 
Nevada; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, baker and miner. 
Last address, Helena. 

George W. Reed, son of Morris and Nancy (McDonald) Reed; born 
at Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey, May 29th, 1832. Went to 
California in 1852 via Isthmus of Panama. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, California, 1861 ; route traveled, overland via Nevada, 1863, and Salt 
Lake, 1864; arrived at Bannack in March, 1864. Occupation, mason. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

George W. Reed, arrived at Virginia City in November, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

Henry J. Reed, arrived in Montana, August 15th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Helena. 

Frederick Reese, arrived in Montana, July 28th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Helena. 

Michael Reinig, son of Jacob and Frances (Schwartzwelder) Reinig; 
born at Deidesheim, Rhenish Bavaria, March 31st, 1835. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, New York City; route traveled, via Havana, Acapulco, 
Panama, California, Portland, Walla Walla, with the MuUan Expedition ; 
arrived at Hell Gate (Missoula), July 20th, 1859. Occupation, merchant. 
Residence, Helena. 

Charles Rennert, arrived in Montana, June 6th, 1858. Residence, Helena. 

C. K. RiALE, arrived in Montana, August 4th, 1864. Occupation, mer- 
chant and miner. Residence, Helena. 

C. W. RiDNOUR, born in Tennessee. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via South Pass; arrived at East 
Bannack in 1862, Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

V. Charles Rinda, son of Antone Rinda ; born at Vienna, Austria. 
Came to the United States in 1853. Route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived in Montana, July loth, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, hotel proprietor and miner. Residence, Helena. 

Joseph S. Roberts, son of W. Kemp and Mary J. (Rohrer) Roberts; 
born in Andrew County, Missouri, December 15th, 1856. Place of depart- 



MONTANA PIONEERS 163 

ure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in August, 1863. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

W. Kemp Roberts, son of Joseph T. and Mary Ann Roberts; born at 
Louisville, Kentucky, November 13th, 1830. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Andrew County, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in August, 1863. Last address, Helena. Sheriff and treasurer, 
Lewis and Clarke County. Deceased. 

James Ross, born at Eaton, Quebec, Canada, February 28th, 1846. 
Went to British Columbia in 1861. Place of departure for Montana, British 
Columbia; route traveled, overland; arrived in Montana in 1864. Last ad- 
dress, Dearborn. 

Charles Rumley, son of Charles and Martha (Wood) Rumley; born 
at New York City, New York, May lOth, 1824, Went to England in 1829, 
and was educated in France; returned to the United States in 1840. Place 
of departure for Montana, Onarga, Illinois; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Benton, June 17th, 1862. Occupation, jeweler. Last 
address, Helena. Mr. Rumley was elected an active member of the His- 
torical Society of Montana in 1873, and was librarian of the same from 
1875 till 1885. Assayer in charge United States Assay Office at Helena. 
Died, August 6th, 1897. 

William Ashley Rumsey, son of Joseph Elliot and Lucy M. (Ran- 
som) Rumsey ; born at Batavia, Genesee County, New York, November 4th, 
1833. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Bridger Route, Meek's Ferry, and Gibson's Cut Off; ar- 
rived at Bannack, May 17th, 1863. Occupation, miner and merchant. Resi- 
dence, Helena. 

J. S. Russell, arrived in Montana, July 7th, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Helena. 

James M. Ryan, arrived in Montana, June 4th, 1863. Occupation, con- 
tractor. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Wilbur Fisk Sanders, son of Ira and Freedom (Edgerton) Sanders; 
born at Leon, Cattaraugus County, New York, May 2d, 1834. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Akron, Summit County, Ohio; route traveled, via 
Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Ouincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, Elkhorn Ranche, Fre- 
mont, Columbus, Lone Tree Ranche, Fort McPherson, Fort Laramie, Inde- 
pendence Rock, South Pass, Fort Snyder, Lander Cut Off, (Oneida) Salt 
Springs, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, 
Williams' Junction, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived at Bannack, Sep- 
tember 17th, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Residence, Helena. Republican 
candidate for Delegate to Congress, 1864-67-80 and '86. Delegate to Re- 



i64 SOCIETY OF 

publican National Conventions, 1868-72-76 and '84. President Historical 
Society of Montana, 1865-90. Member House of Representatives, Eighth 
(extra) Session, 1873; Regular Session, 1874; Ninth Session, 1876; Tenth 
Session, 1877; Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial Legislative 
Assembly. Grand Master A. F. and A. M., 1868, Division Counsel Northern 
Pacific Railroad Company, 1 880-9. United States Senator, 1890-3. Presi- 
dent Board of Trustees Montana Wesleyan University, 1 889-1 900. 

Mrs. W. F. Sanders, nee Harriet Peck Fenn, daughter of Joseph and 
Nancy (Carruthers) Fenn; born at Tallmadge, Summit County, Ohio, April 
25th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Akron, Summit County, Ohio; 
route traveled, via Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, 
the North Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass", Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Black- 
foot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse 
Prairie; arrived at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Residence, Helena. 

James Upson Sanders, son of Wilbur Fisk and Harriet Peck (Fenn) 
Sanders; born at Akron, Summit County, Ohio, July 1 2th, 1859. Place of 
departure for Montana, Akron, Ohio ; route traveled, via Cleveland, Detroit, 
Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, the North Platte, Sweetwater, South 
Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleas- 
ant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie ; arrived at Yankee Flat, Bannack, 
September 17th, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Residence, Helena. Secretary 
Society of Montana Pioneers, 1886-8, '98-9. Active Member Historical 
Society of Montana, 1890. Secretary Board of Trustees Montana Wesleyan 
University, 1 893-1900. 

Wilbur Edgerton Sanders, son of Wilbur P'isk and Harriet Peck 
(Fenn) Sanders; born at Akron, Summit County, Ohio, August 21st, 1861. 
Place of departure for Montana, Akron, Summit County, Ohio; route trav- 
eled, via Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, the North 
Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte 
Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie ; arrived 
at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Occupation, mining engineer. Resi- 
dence, Helena Montana. Librarian Historical Society of Montana, 1895-7. 

John B. Sandford, born at Somerset, Maine, in July, 1835. Place of 
departure for Montana, La Crosse, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Omaha and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

John R. Sanford, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, January 13th, 
1835. Place of departure for Montana, Faribault, Minnesota; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Fort Garry, Northwest Territory ; arrived at 
Marias River in February, 1859. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 165 

Samuel Schwab, son of Joseph M. and Metta Schwab; born at Rim- 
par, Bavaria, Germany, August 28th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake by stage- 
coach ; arrived at Bannack in August, 1863. Occupation, hotel proprietor 
and merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. F> J. Shaffer, nee Amy Eva Plummer, daughter of Amariah and 
Amy Ellen Plummer; born at Augusta, Maine, September 5th, 1856. Place 
of departure for Montana, Salt Lake City, Utah ; route traveled, overland 
over the Bannack Mountains ; arrived at Summit, Pleasant Valley Divide in 
November, 1864. Residence, Helena. 

John H. Shober, son of George and Susan (Sanbauer) Shober; born 
at Lovettsville, Loudoun County, Virginia, January 5th, 1832. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Bon Homme County, Dakota; route traveled, across 
the plains via Northern Route with General Sully's Expedition ; arrived at 
eastern state boundary in August, 1864. Profession, lawyer. Residence, 
Helena. Member Constitutional Convention of 1866. Member House of 
Representatives, Fourth Session, 1895, State Legislative Assembly. 

James Ezekiel Sites, son of John and Hannah (Teter) Sites; born at 
Moorefield, Hardy County, (West) Virginia, February 28th, 1838. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Cherokee trail. Fort Bridger, Bear River, Soda Springs, and Gibson's 
Ferry; arrived at Bannack, June iith, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Helena. 

John C. Sloss, son of James and Mary Ann Sloss ; born in Harrison 
County, Ohio, April 14th, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Central 
City, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Pass, Bitter 
Creek, Fort Bridger, and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, July 20th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

James M. Smith, son of John and Martha (Shields) Smith; born in 
North Carolina, March 30th, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Ten- 
nessee; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, July 1st, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Helena. Died, February 4th, 1896. 

Robert Smith, son of Robert and Rebecca Smith ; born in Ireland, 
May 15th, 1833. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Highland min- 
ing district. May 6th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Canyon Ferry. 

Mrs. R. Smith, nee Margaret Shortlev. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Montreal, Canada; route traveled, via Chicago, Illinois, and across the 
plains; arrived at Virginia City, May 6th, 1864. Residence, Canyon Ferry, 



1 66 SOCIETY OF 

Robert W. Smith, son of Robert and Margaret Smith; born at Chicago, 
IlHnois, June 20th, 1858. Place of departure for Montana, Black Hawk, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City, May 
6th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, York. 

Charles H. Snell, son of Thomas and Sally (Philbrick) Snell ; born 
at Winthrop, Kennebec County, Maine, December iith, 1827. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
North Platte, South Pass, Fort Bridger, Sublette's Cut Off, and Snake River ; ar- 
rived at Bannack, May 30th, 1863. Occupation, librarian. Residence, Helena. 

J. C. Somerville, born in Ireland, February 24th, 18 10. Came to the 
United States in 1827. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route 
traveled, across the plains via Northern Route with Sully's Expedition ; ar- 
rived at Last Chance Gulch, September 29th, 1864. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Last address, Shakopee, Scott County, Minnesota. 

Henry Y . Sonnefield, born in Prussia, Germany, June 13th, 1828. Place 
of departure for Montana, Indianapolis, Indiana; route traveled, via New 
York City, ocean steamer, across the Isthmus of Panama, Oregon, Umatilla, 
and West Bannack (Idaho City, Idaho) ; arrived at Bannack, May 25th, 
1864. Occupation, carpenter and builder. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

William M. Sprague. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, April 1st, 
1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

Joseph V. Stafford, son of Jesse and Parmelia Stafford ; born in 
Greene County, Indiana, January 31st, 183 1. Went to California in 1852 
and returned. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived in Yellowstone Valley, August 4th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Canyon Ferry. 

Reginald Stanley, son of Jacob and Susannah (Jenkin) Stanley; born 
in England, May 2d. 1838. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; 
route traveled, via Northern Route with Capt. James L. Fisk's Expedition, 
via Milk River; arrived at Bannack in 1862. Occupation, gold miner. 
Residence, Nuneaton, England. Mr. Stanley, with D. J. Miller, John Cowan, 
and John Crab, discovered the first gold in Last Chance Gulch, was the first 
recorder of the district, and helped to lay out and name the town of Helena. 

William L. Steele, son of William Steele ; born at Pendleton, Ander- 
son County, South Carolina, February 17th, 1833. Place of departure for 
Montana, Central City, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. Profession, physician. Residence, Helena. 
Member Constitutional Convention, 1866. Mayor of the City of Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 167 

Member Senate, Third Session, 1893; Fourth Session, 1895, State Legisla- 
tive Assembly. Treasurer Lewis and Clarke County. 

Mrs. W. L. Steele, nee Aignes Forbis, daughter of Jonathan F. and 
America A. (Perrin) Forbis. Place of departure for Montana, Atchison, 
Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via South and North Platte, Bear 
River, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September 27th, 1864. 
Residence, Helena. 

John Stewart, arrived in Montana, September 20th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Helena. 

Charles W. Sutton, born at St. Louis, Missouri. Place of departure 
for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 5th, 1864. Residence, Bartold, St. Louis County, Missouri. 

John M. Sweeney, son of Hugh and Bridget Sweeney; born at Emmits- 
burg, Frederick County, Maryland, January i8th, 1842. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Racine, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains via Lander 
Cut Off; arrived in Gallatin Valley in September, 1864. Occupation, mer- 
chant in agricultural implements. Residence, Helena. Died, May lOth, 1887, 

William C. Sweet, born in New Hampshire, January 3d, 1834. Place 
of departure for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via Colo- 
rado, 1859; arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Last 
address, Helena. Deceased. 

Harry Nathaniel Sykes, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Seeber) 
Sykes; born at Pendleton, Niagara County, New York, December 4th, 1830. 
Place of departure for Montana, Newark, Knox County, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Northern Route with Capt. James L. Fisk's Ex- 
pedition; arrived at Virginia City, February 28th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Helena. Died, October 27th, 1896. 

William Y. Simonton, arrived in Montana, June 15th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, carpenter. Residence, Helena. 

A. B. Taylor, son of Samuel and Amy (Bells) Taylor; born at Leroy, 
Genesee County, New York, in 1827. Place of departure for Montana, 
Rockford, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 1 6th, 1864. Occupation, carpenter. Residence, Helena. 

Harry H. Thale. Claimed to have entered present eastern boundary 
of State near mouth of Yellowstone River, June 17th, 1863. Not sustained 
and name erased from register. 

John Thorburn, son of Grant Thorburn ; born at New York City, 
New York, September 4th, 1806. Arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Oc- 
cupation, gardener. Last address, Helena. Died, May i6th, 18^9. 



i68 SOCIETY OF 

Ann TierneY. Place of departure for Montana, Maryland ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Emigrant Gulch in 1864. Last address, 
Helena. 

John Tierney, Sr. Place of departure for Montana, Maryland ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Emigrant Gulch in 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Last address, Helena. Died, August 4th, 1883. 

Edwin Warren Toole, son of Edwin and Lucinda Shepard (Porter) 
Toole; born at Savannah, Missouri, March 24th, 1839. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Den- 
ver; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Resi- 
dence, Helena. Democratic candidate for Congress, 1871. 

Charles Troplett, arrived in Montana in 1863. 

Thomas Tweedy, arrived in Montana, October 7th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Helena. 

Mrs. C. p. VanWart, nee Sarah Jane Simonton, daughter of William 
and Elizabeth (Cameron) Simonton; born at Canton, Ohio, February 20th, 
1840. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via Platte River, Denver, Colorado, and Salt Lake, Utah ; 
arrived at Virginia City in September, 1864. Residence, Helena, 

James M. Vivion, son of James and Mary Vivion ; born in Missouri, 
April 29th, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger, Sublette's Cut Off, and Snake 
River; arrived at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Cripple Creek, Colorado. 

John Wagener, arrived in Montana, May 15th, 1863. Last address, 
Helena. Deceased. 

M. E. Walton, son of Josiah and Latitia Walton; born at Nashville, 
Tennessee, June lOth, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Helena in 1864. Occupation, 
miner and ranchman. Last address. Trinity. Deceased. 

V. J. Wasweiler, born in Germany, April 28th, 1836. Came to the 
United States in 1848; went across the plains to California in 1853. Place 
of departure for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas; route traveled, across the 
plains ; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, miner and hotel pro- 
prietor. Residence, Helena. 

Mrs. F. J. Wasweiler, nee Caroline Warrel. Place of departure for 
Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1864. Residence, Helena. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 169 

John Randolph Watson, born at Portland, Maine, May 29th, 1837. 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains via Denver, Colorado; arrived at Virginia City in October, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

Newell Harland Webster, son of Jesse and Susan C. (Newell) Web- 
ster ; born at Henniker, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, November 
29th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Soda Springs and Bridger trail ; arrived at Ban- 
nack, October 17th, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. 

John F. Wegner, born at Newstadt, Germany, in 1848. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, June iSth, 1864. Occupation, 
stock raiser. Residence, Craig. 

August Weisenhorn, son of Silas Weisenhorn; born at Baden, Ger- 
many, January 29th, 1842. Came to the United States. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Quincy, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via Den- 
ver; arrived at Alder Gulch, October 21st, 1863. Occupation, carriage 
manufacturer. Residence, Helena. 

Simeon G. Weller, son of Peter R. and Margaret A. (Albright) 
Weller; born at Geneseo, Livingston County, New York, January 8th, 1841. 
Place of departure for Montana, Lake Gulch, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Denver, Fort Bridger, Soda Springs, and Snake River ; 
arrived at Bannack, June 15th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Ritz- 
ville, Adams County, Washington. 

William F. Wentworth, son of John Jay and Susan Elizabeth (Austin) 
Wentworth ; born at Lebanon, Maine, in 1831. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Charlestown, Massachusetts ; route traveled, across the plains via St. 
Joseph; arrived at Virginia City, July 9th, 1864. Occupation, merchant. 
Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Daniel H, Weston, son of Isaac and Mary Weston ; born at Reading, 
Middlesex County, Massachusetts, April 8th, 1833. Place of departure for 
Montana, Central City, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort 
Bridger, Sublette's Cut Off, and Soda Springs ; arrived at Bannack in June, 
1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Helena. Territorial treasurer for 
twelve years. 

Edmund Whitcomb, son of John and Mary (Draughbaugh) Whitcomb ; 
born in Ashland County, Ohio, November 23d, 1837. Place of departure 
for Montana, Atchison, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Pike's 
Peak, Colorado, Fort Bridger, and Salt Lake, Utah ; arrived at Bannack, 
April 27th, 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Helena. 



I70 SOCIETY OF 

Mrs. E. VVhitcomb, born in Maine. Place of departure for Montana, 
Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via Northern Route with James 
L. Fisk's Expedition; arrived at Bannack in September, 1862. Last ad- 
dress, Helena. Died in 1888. 

James Whitlatch, born in Pennsylvania, September 12th, 1843. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Nevada and Idaho; arrived at Helena, September 17th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Helena. Made Mineral Entry No. i, October 15th, 
1867, for 200 feet on the Park Lode in Edgerton County. Deceased. 

Alvin H. Wilcox, son of Lansing H. and Miranda (Holmes) Wilcox ; born 
at Napoli, Cattaraugus County, New York, January 21st, 1834. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Elk Point, Dakota; route traveled, up the Missouri River 
on steamboat Spread Eagle ; arrived at Fort Benton, June 20th, 1862. Occupa- 
tion, surveyor, civil engineer, and lumberman. Residence, Frazee, Minnesota. 

Timothy Wilcox, son of Hustin and Julia Wilcox ; born at Madison, 
Connecticut, December 26th, 1830. Place of departure for Montana, Inde- 
pendence, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, July 9th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman and miner. 
Residence, Helena. 

EZEKIEL S. Wilkinson, son of Joseph and Nancy (Stewart) Wilkinson; 
born at Harrisville, (West) Virginia, September 28th, 1817. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at 
Alder Gulch, August 15th, 1864. Occupation, editor and publisher. Last 
address, Helena. Commissioner Lewis and Clarke County. Deceased. 

John Barnes Wilson, son of James and Sarah (Barnes) Wilson ; 
born at West Newton, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, March 25th, 
1828. Went across the plains to California in 1852, to Oregon in 1862. 
Place of departure for Montana, Umatilla, Oregon; route traveled, across 
the mountains via Mullan road, St. Regis de Borgia ; arrived at French- 
town in October, 1865. Occupation, miner. Residence, Helena. 

John F. Wilson, son of J. F. and Eliza Wilson ; born at Smithfield, 
JefTerson County, Ohio, May 22d, 1838. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Paul, Minnesota ; route traveled, across the plains via Manitoba, Sas- 
katchewan Valley, across the Rocky Mountains, and down the Kootenai 
River; arrived at St. Mary's Lake in October, 1859. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Rimini. 

Ann F. Woods, nee Ann F. Burruss, daughter of Harris D. and 
Elizabeth T. Burruss; born in King William County, Virginia, March 
26th, 1815. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains via South Platte River, Cache la Poudre, and 
Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, Sept. loth, 1864. Residence, Helena. 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 171 

Joseph Pedrick Woolman, son of James and Mary Ann (Pedrick) 
Woolman ; born at Woodstown, Salem County, New Jersey, February 
5th, 1841. Place of departure for Montana, Woodstown, New Jersey, 
May loth, 1864; route traveled, across the plains via Philadelphia, St. Jo- 
seph, Fort Kearney, Julesburg, Forts Laramie and Bridger, and Salt Lake; 
arrived at Virginia City in May, 1865. Occupation, stockman. Residence, 
Helena. Territorial Auditor, 1879-87. United States Marshal, 1898-. 

Samuel Word, son of William and Sarah Boyd (Bouton) Word; born 
at Barboursville, Knox County, Kentucky, January 19th, 1837. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains via the Platte River, Laramie Plains, Salt Lake City, and Snake 
River; arrived at Virginia City, September 27th, 1863. Profession, at- 
torney at law. Residence, Dawson City, North-West Territory. Mem- 
ber House of Representatives, Fourth and Extra Sessions, 1867; Council, 
Sixth Session, 1869-70; House, Ninth Session, 1876; Tenth Session, 1877; 
Speaker, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial Legislative Assem- 
bly. Member Constitutional Convention, 1866. President of Society of 
Montana Pioneers, 1891-2. 

Frank Zeigler, son of John A. Zeigler; arrived in Montana in 1864. 
Occupation, N. P. Railway, freight department. Residence, Helena. 

John A. Zeigler, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, stable 
keeper. Last address, Helena. Deceased. 

Edward \. Zimmerman, son of Aaron and Charlotte Zimmerman; born 
at Ortenberg, near Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany, March 20th, 1838. 
Came to the United States; went to California in 1855. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, William's Creek, Cariboo, British Columbia; route trav- 
eled, via Victoria, Vancouver Island, Portland, Oregon, Walla Walla, Wash- 
ington, and across the mountains via Mullan road; arrived at Blackfoot 
City in 1864. Occupation, hotel keeper and miner. Residence, Helena. 



MADISON COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries defined by Act approved February 2d, 1865, 
S. L. page 529, County seat established at Virginia City. Amended 
by Act of December loth, 1867. Amended by Act of December 23d, 
1867. Boundaries changed by Act of January 12th, 1869. Boundaries de- 
fined by Act of January 12th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 430. Bound- 
aries defined. Revised Statutes, 1879, P^g^ 475- Boundaries defined by 
Sec. 733, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 834. Boundaries 
del ned by Sec. 4110, Political Code, 1895. 



172 SOCIETY OF 

John A. Adams, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. Last address, 
Laurin. Deceased. 

Mrs. Frances E. Allbright, born December i8th, 1861. Place of 
departure for Montana, Fort Bridger, Wyoming; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived in Montana, September ist, 1863. 

Noah Armstrong, arrived in Montana, June loth, 1863. Occupation, 
stock raiser. Residence, Seattle, Washington. 

T. L. Atkins, born at Westfield, Massachusetts, March 15th, 1822. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch, December 15th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Sheridan. 

Sebastian Audiffred, son of Jacques and Jeane (Desdier) Audiffred ; 
born in Basses-Alpes, France, October 15th, 1834. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Fort Bridger, Utah ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Soda Springs, Snake River, Beaver Canyon, 
Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived in Stinkingwater Valley, August 
1st, 1863. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Virginia City. 

Newton Bailey. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City in De- 
cember, 1863. 

Jacob Baker. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, across the plains via South Pass, Kinney Cut Off to 
Ham's Fork of Green River, Bear River, Soda Springs, Blackfoot to 
Rickard's Ferry on Snake River, William's Junction via Sage Creek ; 
arrived at Virginia City, June nth, 1864. Last address, Lyon. 

Jacob H. Baker, son of Joseph K. and Matilda Baker; born in 
Alleghany County, Maryland, January loth, 1838. Place of departure for 
Montana, Gosport, Marion County, Iowa ; route traveled, across the 
plains via North Platte River and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia 
City, June 1st, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Lyon. 

P. W. Baker, born in New York, March 12th, 1835. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, November 6th, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

Thomas Baker, arrived in Montana, April 20th, 1864. Occupation, 
publisher. Last address, Virginia City. 

John S. Bartruff, born at Frankfort, Virginia, August 23d, 1813. 
Place of departure for Montana, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Virginia City, August 20th, 
1864. Occupation, gardener. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 173 

R. P. Bateman, son of William Bateman ; born in Jefferson County, 
New York, September 3d, 1828. Place of departure for Montana, Minne- 
sota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Sheridan. 

Mrs. R. P. Bateman nee Ellen A. Crawfoot. Place of departure 
for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Al- 
der Gulch in 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

Helen Bateman, daughter of R. P. and Ellen A.- ( Crawfoot) Bate- 
man; born in Minnesota, August 7th, 1856. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

C. A. Beehrer, arrived in Montana in June, 1863. 

George B. Bess, born at Ripley, Brown County, Ohio, October 27th, 
1833. Place of departure for Montana, Ripley, Ohio; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived in Montana, June 20th, 1864. 

S. E. BiCKFORD, born at Saco, Maine, December 6th, 1835. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains 
via Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, April, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Virginia City. 

Jesse J. Bird, son of Benjamin and Lucy Bird ; born in Patrick County, 
Virginia, June 2d, 1831. Place of departure for Montana, Carthage, Illi- 
nois; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at 
Virginia City, August ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Laurin. 

Thomas J. Bird, born at Truxton, Missouri, April 2d, 1855. Place 
of departure for Montana, Chariton, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, July 15th, 1863. Occupation, 
ranchman. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

George W. Blackman, son of James H. and Mary Blackman ; born 
in Illinois, October 23d, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, Fort Bridger, and 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, June 14th, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Last address, Silver Star. Died, February 27th, 
1892. 

Mrs. G. W. Blackman, nee Augusta C. Stewart, daughter of Charles 
S. and Jane Stewart; born at Genesee, Genesee County, Michigan, August 
8th, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across 
the plains via Denver, Colorado, Fort Bridger, and Lander Cut Off; ar- 
rived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, June 14th, 1864. Residence, Silver Star. 
Mrs. Blackman went from Michigan to Kansas in 1856, and was through 
the free-state and pro-slavery troubles of that territory. She cooked the 



174 SOCIETY OF 

last meal that John (Ossawatomie) Brown ate in Kansas. She lived 
within six miles of the State line. 

William A. Blair, son of Ira L. and Mary A. Blair; born in Cannon 
County, Tennessee, December 17th, 1832. Place of departure for Montana, 
Sedalia, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; 
arrived at Virginia City, July 8th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Granite Creek. 

J. D. Block, born in Germany, September loth, 1831. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, August 12th, 1864. 

J. Daniel Bock, born in Germany, September loth, 1831. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, Iowa; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 1 2th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Sheridan. 

Jerome W. Boles, arrived in Montana, May 24th, 1864. Last address, 
Pony. 

James Boner, born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in 1816. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort 
Bridger; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1863. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Meadow Creek. 

Frederick Bottcher, born in Germany, March 25th, 1835. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia 
City, July 13th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

Joseph J. Boyer, son of Nicholas Boyer; born at Coatesville, Chester 
County, Pennsylvania, March i6th, 1832. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bitter Creek 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1863. Occupation, 
ranchman. Residence, Pony. Member House of Representatives, Eleventh 
and Extra Sessions, 1879. 

William J. Boyer, son of Nicholas Boyer; born at Coatesville, 
Chester County, Pennsylvania, July i6th, 1834. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bitter 
Creek and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1863. Occu- 
pation, ranchman. Residence, Pony. 

James M. Bradley, arrived in Montana in August, 1862. Last ad- 
dress, Sheridan. Deceased. 

James D. Brown, born in Ireland in 18 16. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Boise Basin, Idaho ; route trav- 



J THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LENOX 
'TILDEW fOUKDATIONS 




D. A. G. FLOWERREE 



IRA MYERS 



R. A. PELKEY, Jr. 



WILBUR E. SANDERS 
JOHN THOMAS CONNEft, President, 1894 



W. C. GILLETTE 



WILLIAM V. MYERS 



MONTANA PIONEERS 175 

eled, overland; arrived at Bannack in May, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Virginia City. 

Romulus Brown, son of William R. Brown ; born at La Porte, 
Indiana, December loth, 1845. Place of departure for Montana, Chicago, 
Illinois ; route traveled, via Kansas, and across the plains via South Pass 
and Salt Lake City; arrived at Alder Gulch, December loth, 1863. 
Occupation, printer and miner. Residence, Sheridan. 

John D. Buck, Sr., born in Germany, September loth, 1831. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, August I2th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Sheridan. 

John D. Buck, Jr., son of John D. Buck, Sr.; born at Council Bluffs, 
Iowa, in April, 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, 
Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off ; arrived at 
Virginia City, August 12th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Sheridan. 

Thomas J. Byrd, born at Truxton, Missouri, April 2d, 1855. Place 
of departure for Montana, Truxton, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived in Montana, July 5th, 1863. 

Stephen Cahill, arrived in Montana October 13th, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, on Ruby River. Deceased. 

NiCKOLAS Carey, born in Ireland in 1832. Came to the United 
States ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived in Montana, November 
8th, 1863. 

John B. Carruthers, born at Grant, Herkimer County, New York, 
in 1844. Place of departure for Montana, Davenport, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, Sep- 
tember 25th, 1864. Residence, Virginia City. Sheriff of Madison County. 

Richard Caswell, son of Henry and Mary Caswell ; born in County 
Limerick, Ireland, August 27th, 1818. Came to the United States. Place 
of departure for Montana, Canada ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 20th, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Virginia City. 

James S. Cherway, born at Stephentown, New York, February ist, 
1837. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, 
across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June 6th, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Ennis. Deceased. 

Mrs. C. W. Chowning, nee Jennie W. Ennis, daughter of William 
and Catherine (Shriver) Ennis ; born in Carroll County, Ohio. Place of 



176 SOCIETY OF 

departure for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains via Pike's 
Peak, Colorado; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Residence, Ennis. 

Niels Christiansen, born August 13th, 1840. Came to the United 
States in 1861. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Twin Bridges. 

Alfred Cisler, son of Houston Cisler; born at Muncy, Pennsylvania, 
February 6th, 1823. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, miner 
and farmer. Residence, Sheridan. Deceased. 

Mrs. a. Cisler, nee Annie Nichol, daughter of Joseph Nichol ; born 
in Michigan. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

Joseph E. Cisler, son of Alfred and Annie (Nichol) Cisler; born in 
Colorado, October 7th, 1861. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, 
Sheridan. 

George H. Clark. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo, 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in April, 1864. 
Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 

Mrs. Catherine E. Clark. Place of departure for Montana, Den- 
ver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived in Montana in 
June, 1864. Residence, Virginia City. 

Mrs. O. Clark, jiee Amelia Baker, daughter of Joseph Baker; born 
in Kentucky. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Last address, Alder Gulch. 
Died, December 26th, 1863. 

William A. Clark, son of George H. and Catherine E. Clark ; born 
at Denver, Colorado, December i6th, 1862. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City in June, 1864. Profession, attorney at law. Residence, Virginia 
City. Member House of Representatives, Fifth Session, 1897 ; Senate, 
Sixth Session, 1899, State Legislative Assembly. 

J. A. Cline, arrived in Montana, May 14th, 1863. 

Dennis Collins, son of Michael and Ellen (Caughlin) Collins; born 
in County Cork, Ireland, 1831. Came to the United States in 1852. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, May 12th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, ranchman. Last address, Twin Bridges. Deceased, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 177 

William A. Cooley, arrived in Montana in June, 1864. 

Philip Conroy, born in Ireland, June nth, 1837. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Oregon, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June iith, 
1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Virginia City. 

Christopher Cook, son of Henry and Martha Cook; born in Greene 
County, Tennessee, March 14th, 18 19. Went to California in 1850 and to 
Colorado in i860. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address. Lower Willow Creek. 

Mrs. C. Cook, 7iee Susan Harris, daughter of Clayton Harris ; born 
in Georgia. Went to Colorado in i860. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. 
Last address, Lower Willow Creek. 

George Cook, son of Christopher and Susan (Harris) Cook; born in 
Georgia, March 31st, 1858. Came to Colorado in i860. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in 1863. Last address. Lower Willow Creek. 

Edward H. Coombes, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Asa Cornforth, son of Robinson and Mrs. (Young) Cornforth ; 
born at Waterville, Kennebec County, Maine, April 9th, 1830. Place of 
departure for Montana, Springfield, Maine; route traveled. Isthmus of 
Panama, California, over the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and Idaho; ar- 
rived at Bannack, last of July, 1864. Occupation, miner, freighter, and 
merchant. Residence, Rochester. 

David Cowan, born in Perthshire, Scotland, in April, 1821. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger ; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 27th, 1864. Occupation, attorney at law. Residence, Chi- 
cago, Illinois. 

Francis Crane. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, 
July 3d, 1863. Occupation, baker. Last address, Sheridan. 

Phillipa Crane. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack, 
July 3d, 1863. Last address, Sheridan. 

Willis Samuel Crews, son of Drury Lacy and Elizabeth Christmas 
(Crenshawe) Crews; born in Sumner County, Tennessee, June 5th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Sacramento, California; route traveled, 
via Boise City, Idaho; arrived at Virginia City, June 17th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, merchant and real estate dealer. Residence, Pony. 

M. P.— 12 



178 SOCIETY OF 

William M. Crisp, born January, 6th, 1822. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colchester, Illinois; route traveled, up the Missouri River; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, July 24th, 1864, Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Jefferson Island. 

LevinuS Daems, son of Michael and Catherine (Van de Boos) 
Daems; born at Antwerp, Belgium, November 22d, 1820. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via Fort Laramie; arrived at Bannack in 1863. 
Profession, physician and surgeon. Last address, Virginia City. Member 
House of Representatives, Second Session, 1866; Council, Sixth Session, 
1869-70, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Died, December 9th, 1874. 

Mrs. L. Daems, nee Marie Louis Waltzin, daughter of John P. and 
Susan (Carie) Waltzin; born at Avion, Luxemburg, Belgium, April 4th, 1836. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Platte River; arrived at Virginia City, May ist, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Virginia City. 

Peter Daly, arrived in Montana in July, 1863. 

Abraham F. David, born in Illinois, April 9th, 1845. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut 
Off; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Residence, Washington 
Bar. 

Adriel B. Davis, born at Lewistown, Fulton County, Illinois, Septem- 
ber 2d, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, 
July 3d, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Home Park. 

Nathaniel J. Davis, son of John H. and Susan A. (Billings) Davis; born 
at Rockingham, Vermont, October 14th, 183 1. Place of departure for 
Montana, Buckskin Joe, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Bridger, Bear and Snake Rivers, Pleasant Valley, and Red Rock ; ar- 
rived at Bannack, September 14th, 1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Virginia City. County clerk and recorder. 

W. L. Dehort, born in Nodaway County, Missouri, December 28th^ 
1843. Place of departure for Montana, Nodaway County, Missouri ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in June, 1862. 

Robert M. Dempsey, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Twin 
Bridges. 

John J. Denble, arrived in Montana, July loth, 1863. 

Thomas Deyarman, arrived in Montana in June, 1863. Occupation, 
printer and merchant. Residence, Twin Bridges. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 179 

James R. Dickey. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, November 23d, 1863. 
Residence, Sheridan. 

William Dickey. Place of departure for Montana, Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in 
August, 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

W. M. Donaldson, born in Nova Scotia in 1835. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Salt Lake ; arrived at Virginia City in Oc- 
tober, 1863. Occupation, carpenter. Residence, Virginia City. 

John Donegan, born at Slane, County Meath, Ireland, December 
lOth, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Galena, Illinois; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, April 8th, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, ranchman. Residence, Puller Springs. Member House of 
Representatives, Third Extra Session, 1866; Fifth Session, 1868-9, Terri- 
torial Legislative Assembly. 

Elizabeth Duke, daughter of George L. and Catherine (Deering) 
Duke; born at Lexington, Missouri, February 13th, 1849. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, July 20th, 1864. Residence, Lower Willow Creek. 

Florence Duke, daughter of George L. and Catherine (Deering) 
Duke; born at Papinsville, Bates County, Missouri, March 22d, 1859. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Virginia City, July 20th, 1864. Residence, Lower 
Willow Creek. 

George L. Duke, son of Richard and Sarah Duke ; born in Ohio 
County, Kentucky, October 26th, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, 
Carlyle, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Virginia 
City, July 20th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Lower Willow 
Creek. 

Mrs. G. L. Duke 7iee Catherine Deering. Place of departure for 
Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, July 20th, 1864. Residence, Lower Willow Creek. 

George Duke, son of George L. and Catherine (Deering) Duke ; 
born at Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, October i8th, 1861. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains ; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, July 20th, 1864. Residence, Lower Willow Creek. 

Virginia Duke, native ; daughter of George L. and Catherine (Deer- 
ing) Duke; born at Virginia City, Montana, October 31st, 1864. Resi- 
dence, Lower Willow Creek. 



i8o SOCIETY OF 

Hugh Duncan, son of James Duncan ; born near Glasgow, Scotland, 
June 28th, 1824. Came to the United States in 1852. Place of departure 
for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1864. Calling, minister. Last address, Sheridan. Deceased. 

Mrs. Hugh Duncan, ncc Christiana Young, born in Scotland. Came 
to the United States in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Resi- 
dence, Sheridan. 

Christiana Duncan, daughter of Hugh and Christiana (Young) Dun- 
can; born in Scotland, March 15th, 1847. Came to the United States in 
1852. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

Harry Duncan, son of Hugh and Christiana (Young) Duncan; born 
in Kansas, September 28th, 1858. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Resi- 
dence, Sheridan. 

Hugh Duncan, Jr., son of Hugh and Christiana (Young) Duncan; born 
in Kansas, March 30th, 1861. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Resi- 
dence, Sheridan. 

Infant Duncan, daughter of Hugh and Christiana (Young) Duncan; 
born in Pennsylvania, April 25th, 1854. Place of departure for Montana, 
Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. 
Residence, Sheridan. 

James Duncan, son of Hugh and Christiana (Young) Duncan ; born in 
Scotland, January 20th, 1849. Came to the United States. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, July 21st, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Sheridan. 

Thomas Duncan, son of Hugh and Christiana (Young) Duncan; born 
at Arnstein, Scotland, February 23d, 185 1. Came to the United States 
in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, 
July 23d, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Adobetown, Alder Gulch. 

Stephen Edmunds, son of William and Margerie Edmunds ; born at 
Pictou, Nova Scotia, October 14th, 18 14. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bridger Pass; arrived at Bannack, April 4th, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

Hugh H. Edwards, born in Wales, December 19th, 1838. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route 



MONTANA PIONEERS i8i 

traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake ; arrived at Virginia City, April 
15th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 

Henry Elling, born in Prussia, December 9th, 1842. Came to the 
United States in 1857. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado, July, 1864; route traveled, across the plains via Bear River Route; 
arrived at Virginia City, October 8th, 1864. Occupation, banker. Resi- 
dence, Virginia City. President Society of Montana Pioneers, 1898-9. 

William Ennis, son of John and Mary (McKey) Ennis; born in 
County Down, Ireland, March 17th, 1828. Came to the United States in 

1842. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the 
plains via Pike's Peak, Colorado; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupa- 
tion, farmer and merchant. Last address, Ennis. Died, July 4th, 1898. 

Mrs. W. Ennis, nee Catherine Shriver, daughter of John Shriver; 
born in Carroll County, Ohio. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains via Pike's Peak, Colorado; arrived in 
Madison Valley in 1865. Residence, Ennis. 

Joseph Evans, born in Marion County, Indiana. Place of departure 
for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mon- 
tana in December, 1863. 

William Evans, born in Marion County, Indiana. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in 
Montana in December, 1863. 

Thomas Joseph Farrell, born at Drogheda, Ireland, February loth, 

1843. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake City; arrived 
at Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Vir- 
ginia City. 

John Fehring, arrived in Montana in June, 1864. 

Lawrence A. Fenner, born in Greene County, New York, February 
13th, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Salt Lake City ; arrived at Nevada City, Alder 
Gulch, May 3d, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Virginia City. 

William Fevin, born in Sweden, June 24th, 1827. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off ; arrived at Virginia City, 
October 24th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Sheridan. 

Richard Finley, son of John and Catherine Finley; born in Ireland, 
November 20th, 1844. Came to the United States. Place of departure 
for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger 



i82 SOCIETY OF 

Route; arrived at Virginia City, July 15th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and 
stock raiser. Residence, Laurin. 

Albert Fisher, born at Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Bannack, May 17th, 1863. 

Henry M. Fitch, born in Ohio in 1833. Place of departure for 
Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in July, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Sheridan. Deceased. 

Oliver D. French, son of Harrison and Eliza A. (Drew) French ; 
born at Barnard, Windsor County, Vermont, April 13th, 1824. Place of 
departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bridger Route; arrived at Alder Gulch, October 8th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Virginia City. 

Antone Frieler, son of Sebastian and Theresa Frieler ; born at 
Baden, Germany, October 9th, 1817. Came to the United States. Place 
of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the 
plains via Smoky Hill Route; arrived at Virginia City, September 22d 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

Mrs. Antone Frieler, nee Valentine Wehell, daughter of Val- 
entine and Catherine Wehell ; born at Hoboltzen, Germany, December 
17th, 1817. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Smoky Hill 
Route; arrived at Virginia City, September 22d, 1864. Residence, Twin 
Bridges. 

J. L. Galusha, born at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, December loth, 1847. 
Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September loth, 1864. 
Occupation, freighter. Residence, Sheridan. 

Mrs. J. L. Galusha, nee Sarah Duncan, daughter of Hugh and 
Christiana (Young) Duncan; born in Kansas, March 25th, 1856. Place of 
departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Alder Gulch in 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

Paul A. Garrett, born at Cape Girardeau, Missouri, in 1832. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, May 12th, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Virginia City. 

Henry S. Gilbert, son of Henry and Lydia (Spang) Gilbert; born 
in Berks County, Pennsylvania, December 31st, 1833. Place of departure 



MONTANA PIONEERS 183 

for Montana, Fort Bridger, Utah Territory; route traveled, across the 

plains, via Soda Springs and Beaver Head Rock; arrived at Virginia 

City, September 1st, 1863. Occupation, miner and brewer. Residence, 
Virginia City. 

Mrs. Henry S. Gilbert, ncc Margaret McMunn, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth McMunn. Place of departure for Montana, Fort Bridger; 
route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch, September 1st. 1863. 
Residence, Virginia City. 

William H. Gilbert, son of Henry S. and Margaret (McMunn) Gilbert; 
born at Fort Bridger, Wyoming, August 12th, 1863. Place of departure 
for Montana, Fort Bridger Wyoming; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana, September ist, 1863. Residence, Virginia City. 

David Gillespie, arrived in Montana in September, 1863. 

Robert Gillespie, born in County Down, Ireland, in 1820. Came 
to the United States in 1853, and to Colorado in 1862. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Middle Creek. 
Deceased. 

George Gohn, son of George and Anna (Beeby) Gohn; born at 
Wrightsville, York County, Pennsylvania, March 28th, 1834. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Salt Lake City, arrived at Bannack, May nth, 1863. Occu- 
pation, merchant. Residence Virginia City, 

Mrs. G. Gohn, fiee Anna Zweifell, born at Zurich, Switzerland, 
February 20th, 1843. Came to the United States in 1853. Place of 
departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch, May 1st, 1864. Residence, Virginia City. 

James Gordon, born at Pictou, Nova Scotia, June 26th, 1826. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Yreka, Cali- 
fornia ; route traveled, via Oregon and the Columbia River and across 
the mountains; arrived at California Gulch in November, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Residence, Silver Star. 

Arthur Graham, son of John and Elizabeth (Johnson) Graham; 
born at Penrith, Cumberland County, England, June 24th, 1833. Came 
to the United States, Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado; route traveled, across the plains via Smoky Hills and Soda Springs; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, September ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer and 
stock raiser. Residence, Silver Star. 

Joseph Milton Griffith, son of Heinrich and Elizabeth (Schmidt) 
Griffith; born in Germany, January 30th, 1835. Came to the United 



i84 SOCIETY OF 

States ; route traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off and Boze- 
man road; arrived at Bannack in August, 1863. Occupation, builder, 
lumberman, and machinist. Residence, Virginia City. Present address, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

Mrs. Mary Grim, born at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 185 1. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Cincinnati, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana in 1864, 

Simon Peter Grim, son of Andrew F. and Polly Grim; born in 
Holmes County, Ohio, June 8th, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; 
arrived at Virginia City in July, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Laurin. 

Mrs, S. p. Grim, nee Mary M. Ziegler, daughter of Boniface and 
Madeline Ziegler; born at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 26th, 1844. Place 
of departure for Montana, Ottumwa, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bozeman Route; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. 
Residence, Laurin. 

Edward Grinsell, arrived in Montana in May, 1864. 

N. B. Hale, arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, jeweler. 
Last address, San Bernardino, California. 

Mrs. N, B, Hale, nee Miss French, arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 
1864. Last address, San Bernardino, California. 

Amos C. Hall, son of Jesse A. and Rebecca Hall; born at Eden, Ver- 
mont, December loth, 1836, Went to Colorado via Santa Fe trail. Place 
of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, July 20th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased 

Sargeant Hall, son of James Hall; born in England, October i8th, 
1838, Came to the United States, Place of departure for Montana, 
Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte, 
Sweetwater, South Pass, Lander Cut OfT, Ross' Fork, Blackfoot Butte 
Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and Horse Prairie; arrived 
at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Sher- 
idan. 

Jacob Hansel, born in Ohio in 1824. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains via the North Platte; arrived 
at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Pony. 

Horatio Hanson, son of Sylvester and Rebecca Hanson ; born at 
Hunter, Greene County, New York, February 24th, 1823. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via 



MONTANA PIONEERS 185 

Forts Halleck and Bridc^er and Salt Lake, Utah ; arrived at Virginia City, 
June 3d, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Pony. 

Hezekiah HardgrovE, arrived at Virginia City, September 7th, 1864. 

Jerry Harrington, son of Timothy and Margaret (Leary) Harring- 
ton; born in County Cork, Ireland, in 1838. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, October 15th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Harris Gulch, Laurin. 

Henry Clay Harrison, born at Wilmington, New York, September 
15th, 1828. Place of departure for Montana, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 
route traveled, across the plains via Northern Route ; arrived at Fort 
Benton, September 5th, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Har- 
rison. Deceased. 

Mrs. H. C. Harrison, nee Almaretta E. Dear. Place of departure 
for Montana, Akron. Summit County, Ohio; route traveled, via Cleve- 
land, Detroit, Chicago, Quincy, St. Joseph, Omaha, and across the plains 
ina North Platte, Sweetwater, South Pass, Lander Cut Off, Ross' Fork, 
Blackfoot Butte Ferry, Market Lake, Pleasant Valley, Red Rock, and 
Horse Prairie; arrived at Bannack, September 17th, 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Harrison. 

Albert Marshall Hart, son of John and Elizabeth Butterfield 
(Locke) Hart," born at Townsend, Massachusetts, April 23d, 1837. Place 
of departure for Montana, California Gulch, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Denver, Soda Springs, and Eagle Rock ; arrived at Ban- 
nack, June 26th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

Joseph W. Hartwell, born in Windham County, Vermont, May 3d, 
1834. Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Northern Route ; arrived at Last Chance Gulch, 
1864. Occupation, miller. Residence, Twin Bridges. Member House of 
Representatives, Eighth Extra Session, 1873, and Regular Session, 1874, 
Territorial Legislative Assembly, 

John F, Hayden, son of Jacob and Ruth (Fowler) Hayden; born in 
Fayette County, Pennsylvania, August 14th, 1838. Place of departure for 
Montana, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains, up South 
Platte to old California Crossing, North Platte to Sweetwater and Lander 
Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 6th, 1864. Occupation, farmer 
and stock raiser. Residence, Ennis. 

Mrs, J. F. Hayden, ncc Caroline Hume, daughter of James and Eliz- 
abeth Hume; born in Hardin County, Ohio, February 28th, 1843. Place 
of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Alder Gulch in August, 1864. Residence, Ennis. 



i86 SOCIETY OF 

Marvin Hayes, born at Hartford, Connecticut, in 1842. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Lan- 
der Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, June loth, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 

Robert Hedge, son of William and Eleanor Hedge; born June 3d, 
1828. Place of departure for Montana, Des Moines, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains via North Platte River and Lander' Cut Off; arrived at 
V^irginia City, June 28th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Meadow 
Creek. 

Edward G, Herendeen, born in Michigan, December 22d, 1834. Place 
of departure for Montana, Detroit, Michigan ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, November 25th, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Summit. 

Mrs. M. Herhold, nee Mary McKay, native; daughter of Alexander 
and Caroline (Hanson) McKay; born at Virginia City, December 31st, 
1863. Residence, Virginia City. 

James M. Herndon, son of Rodney and Nancy Herndon ; born in 
Cooper County, Missouri, June 23d, 1833, Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; 
arrived at Virginia City in September, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Resi- 
dence, Virginia City. 

Patrick Holehan, son of James and Mary Holehan ; born at Urling- 
ford, Kilkenny County, Ireland, March i6th, 1833. Came to the United 
States; went to California in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Vir- 
ginia City, Nevada; route traveled, via Boise, Idaho, and British Columbia; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, September 27th, 1864. Occupation, miner and 
farmer; retired. Last address, San Jose, Santa Clara County, California. 

John Holland, born at Washington, District of Columbia, February 
2ist, 1825. Place of departure for Montana, District of Columbia; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, July 3d, 1863. 

John Holmead, born at Washington, District of Columbia, February 
2ist, 1825. Place of departure for Montana. Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, 
July 3d, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Granite, Colorado. 

Jacob Housed, born in Ohio in 1824. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains via North Platte River; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in June, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Pony. 

James Hoyt, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

Thomas B. Hunt, arrived in Montana, May 25th, 1864. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 187 

Joseph E. Hyde, born at Melton, Vermont, March 25th, 1833. Place 
of departure for Montana, Vermont; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived in Montana, April 26th, 1864. 

James Inglis, born in Scotland, February 17th, 1831. Came to the 
United States in 1850; went across the plains to Colorado in 1858. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in May, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Sheridan, 

Preston Jack, arrived in Montana in October, 1863. 

Edward Jackson, born in Ireland, October 14th, 1826. Came to the 
United States; arrived at Virginia City in May, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Pony, 

Philip H. James, arrived in Montana in June, 1862. 

O, W. Jay, arrived in Montana in 1864, Deceased, 

Myron D. Jeffers, son of Jefferson and Martha (Burton) Jeffers; 
born at Saratoga Springs, New York, September i6th, 1833. Place of 
departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains to 
Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1859, thence overland; arrived in Montana in 
1864. Occupation, freighter and cattle raiser. Residence, Ennis. 

Elmer F. Johnson, son of Franklin and Salome (Holt) Johnson ; born 
at Wallingford, New Haven County, Connecticut, December 30th, 1838. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bridger Route; arrived at Virginia City in April, 1863. Occupation, 
miner and merchant. Residence, Virginia City, 

N. D, Johnson, arrived in Montana in October, 1863. 

J, Kelley, born in Vermont in 1830, Place of departure for Montana, 
Leavenworth, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; 
arrived at Virginia City, August 24th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Resi- 
dence, Virginia City, 

Clark Wesley Kellogg, son of Lucius and Emily M. Kellogg; born 
in DeKalb County, Illinois, Mdy 15th, 1854. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Leavenworth, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August i6th, 1864. Occupation, miner 
and miller. Residence, Virginia City, 

L, Kellogg, born in Vermont in 1830, Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Vermont; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, 
August 24th, 1864. 

Ellen Kernan, born at Limerick, Ireland, in 1848. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 



i8S SOCIETY OF 

eled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. 
Occupation, rancher. Residence, Sheridan. 

Hugh King, born in Ireland in 1832. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains along the North Platte ; arrived 
at Virginia City, November 5th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Puller Springs, 

George Parke Kinney, born in 1834. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via- Fort 
Laramie and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September 6th, 
1864. Occupation, merchant. Returned East the same month, going 
down the Yellowstone River in a flotilla of thirteen boats, l^ast address, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

Mrs. Annie N. Kirby, born in Pennsylvania in 185 1. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Pennsylvania; route traveled, across the plains via 
Lander Cut Ofl^ ; arrived at Alder Gulch in September, 1864. Residence, 
Silver Star. 

Higen Konance, born in Germany, September 13th, 1833. Place of 
departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Boze- 
man Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August ist, 1864. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Sheridan. Deceased. 

Frederick Kraemer, born at Baden, Germany, July loth, 1840. 
Place of departure for Montana, Lee County, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City in September, 
1864. Occupation, saddler. Residence, Virginia City. 

Frank Lafton, born in Washington County, Indiana, in 1840. Place 
of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, June 29th, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Virginia City. 

Alphonse Lambrecht, arrived in Montana in June, 1863. 

Jean Batiste Laurin, son of Paul and Margaret (Charthran) Laurin ; 
born at St. Martin, Canada, August 21st, 1821. Went across the plains 
to Utah in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Fort Bridger; route 
traveled, overland via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Laurin, July 15th, 1863. 
Occupation, ranchman. Last address, Laurin. Deceased. 

Charles Leindecker, arrived in Montana in October, 1862. 

W. W. Leonard, born in Steuben County, New York, January 23d, 1837. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains 
via Salt Lake; arrived at Bannack, May nth, 1863. Occupation, ranchman. 
Residence, Twin Bridges. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 189 

Henry Lettice, son of Michael Lattice; born in Ireland, April 22d, 
1819. Came to the United States in 1849. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Dubuque, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains to Colorado in 
1859, thence overland ; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Last address, Laurin. Deceased, 1899. 

Mrs. H. Lettice, nee Maria Ann Bogaly, daughter of James Bogaly; 
born in Ireland. Came to the United States. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack 
in 1863. Residence, Laurin. 

George Taylor Lewis, son of Philip and Elizabeth Lewis ; born in 
La Salle County, Illinois, December 12th, 1841. Place of departure for 
Montana, La Salle County, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via 
North Platte, Lander Cut Off, crossed Snake River at Taylor's Ferry; 
arrived at Bannack, July 7th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Rochester. 

William Jasper Linder, son of George and Mary Linder; born in 
Greene County, Illinois, August 2d, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at 
Virginia City in October, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock grower. 
Residence, Pageville. 

John S. Lott, son of Hewlett and Maria (Ditmars) Lott ; born at 
Lottsvilie, Warren County, Pennsylvania. Place of departure for Montana, 
California Gulch, Colorado ; route traveled, along the foot of the moun- 
tains to Baker's Ferry on the Platte, Green River, South Pass, Fort 
Bridger, and Salt Lake City; arrived at Big Hole Basin, July i6th, 1862. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Twin Bridges. Territorial Auditor, 
1864-6. 

Mortimer Hewlett Lott, son of Hewlett and Maria (Ditmars) Lott; 
born at Lottsvilie, Warren County, Pennsylvania, December 25th, 1827. 
Place of departure for Montana, California Gulch, Colorado ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Baker's Ferry on the Platte, Green River, South 
Pass, Fort Bridger, and Salt Lake City; arrived at Big Hole Basin, July 
i6th, 1862. Occupation, real estate dealer. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

William M. Lowders, son of Jacob and Rebecca Lowders ; born at 
Brownstown, Jackson County, Indiana, August 3d, 1839. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, October 20th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Pony, 

E. S. Lyon, born at Victory, Cayuga County, New York, December 
lOth, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, 
across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, September 
lOth, 1864. Residence, Virginia City. Deputy Sheriff of Madison County. 



I90 SOCIETY OF 

George H. Lyon, son of Martin E. and Anna Lyon ; born at Chicago, 
Illinois, September 28th, 185 1. Place of departure for Montana, Monte- 
zuma, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route; arrived 
at Virginia City, July 24th, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, 
Lyon. 

Mrs. G. H. Lyon, nee Eliza J. Hayden, daughter of J. F. and Caroline 
(Hume) Hayden; born in Macon County, Missouri. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in August, 1864. Residence, Madison Valley. 

James McAdams, arrived in Montana in October, 1864. Deceased. 

James McAllister, born in Scotland, December 28th, 1837. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route 
traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Virginia City in April, 
1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Meadow Creek. 

Edward McCann, born at Tipperary, Ireland, in 1827. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, April 24th, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Sheridan. 

E. J. McCoy, arrived in Montana in September, 1863. Deceased. 

David McCranor, son of James and Elizabeth (Bender) McCranor; 
born at Germantown, Ohio, January 8th, 1839. Went to California in 
1856. Place of departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 5th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Sheridan. Sheriff 
of Madison County. 

Mrs. Catherine McDonald, nee Catherine Emerson, daughter of 
Francis and Bridget Emerson; born at Omaha, Nebraska, in 1858. Place 
of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via 
Main Emigrant Route and Soda Springs; arrived at Alder Gulch, Sep- 
tember 1st, 1864. Residence, Ruby Valley. 

Alexander McKay, born at Glasgow, Scotland, May 15th, 1832. 
Came to the United States in 1854. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Halleck 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, April 25th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

Caroline McKay, born in Germany in 1837. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Halleck and Soda Springs ; arrived at Bannack, 
April 25th, 1863. Residence, Virginia City. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 191 

William McKimens, son of William and Margaret Hessel (Zimmer- 
man) McKimens; born, in Alleghany County, Pennsylvania, October 25th, 
1835. Went across the plains to Colorado in 1858. Place of departure 
for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mad 
ison Valley in 1864, Occupation, farmer. Residence, Ennis. 

Mrs. F. M. McNulty, nee Flora McKay, daughter of Alexander 
and Caroline McKay; born in Colorado, March 4th, i86r. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Bannack, April 25th, 1863. Residence, Virginia City. 

Alphonse Marion, son of Louis and Marguerite (Brunet) Marion; 
born at Bourgoin, Department of Isere, France, November 25th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City, October 25th, 1863. Occupation, 
placer miner. Residence, Laurin. 

John J. Marshall, arrived in Montana in June, 1864. 

Ethel A, Maynard, son of Gardner and Parnell (Dean) Maynard ; 
born at Portland, Ionia County, Michigan, October 4th, 1841. Place of 
departure for Montana, Portland, Michigan ; route traveled, via railroad 
to Grinnell, Iowa, and across the plains via Platte Valley and Bridger 
Route; arrived at Virginia City, July 28th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. 
Residence, Ennis. 

Alexander Metzel, son of Thomas A. and Hannah (Mathews) Metzel; 
born at York, Pennsylvania, January 14th, 1835. Place of departure for 
Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City in September. 1863. Occupation, 
stockman. Last address. Puller Springs. Member House of Represen- 
tatives, Third Session, 1893. Member Senate, Fourth Session, 1895 ; Fifth 
Session, 1897, State Legislative Assembly. Died, January loth, 1899. 

Mrs. Alexander Metzel, nee Annie E. Spicer, daughter of Richard 
and Rebecca Spicer; born at Bedford, Pennsylvania, September loth, 1840, 
Place of departure for Montana, Indianola, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Nevada City in fall of 1864. Last address. Puller 
Springs. Died, May 9th, 1878. 

Frank S. Metzel, son of Alexander and Annie E. (Spicer) Metzel; 
born at Denver, Colorado, February 17th, 1862. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs ; arrived at Virginia City in September, 1863. Occupation, stock 
grower. Residence, Puller Spiings. 

Lewis Michner, arrived in Montana, July i8th, 1864. 

Henry Miller, born in Prussia, March i8th, 1829. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Salt 



192 SOCIETY OF 

Lake; arrived at Virginia City, September 23d, T864. Occupation, shoe- 
maker. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 

Mrs. S. J. Miller, nee Sarah Jane Miller, daughter of Joseph and 
Sarah G. Miller; born in Gallatin County, Kentucky, March 6th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Smoky Hill Route; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, 
November 12th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Wisconsin Creek. 

Henry B. Mitchell, son of Charles and Sylvia Mitchell; born in 
Sullivan County, New Hampshire, March 8th, 1842. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Madison Valley. Deceased. 

James Mitchell, born in Scotland in 1840. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Idaho ; route traveled, overland 
via Salmon River; arrived at Virginia City, August 28th, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. Residence, Virginia City. 

Susie J. Mitchell, born at St. Joseph, Missouri, in 1859. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, December 13th, 1863. Residence, Vir- 
ginia City. 

William Mitchell, son of Charles and Sylvia Mitchell; born in 
Sullivan County, New Hampshire, in 1834. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Polk County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Ennis. 

Henry H. Mood, son of Henry Mood; born in New Jersey, May 
5th, 1828. Place of departure for Montana, Burlington, Iowa, route trav- 
eled, across the plains ; arrived at Bannack, April i8th. 1863. Occupation, 
miller. Last address, Pony. Member House of Representatives, Tenth 
Session, 1877; Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial Legislative 
Assembly. Deceased. 

Oliver Perry Moore, son of Benjamin and Anna (Fullerton) Moore; 
born near Minisink Battle Ground, Orange County, New York, May 2d, 
1817. Place of departure for Montana, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via North Platte River, Bozeman Route, and 
Bozeman ; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Cherry Creek, near Red Bluff. 

William W. Morris, born at Liberty, Clay County, Missouri, April 
19th, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis,, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains via Nebraska City, Julesburg, and North Platte 
River; arrived at Virginia City, June i8th, 1864. Occupation, miner and 
rherchant. Residence, Virginia City. Member Council, Twelfth Session, 
1881; Thirteenth Session, 1883; Fourteenth Session, 1885, Territorial 
Legislative Assembly, 



yobk 



THE l^EV \"^",, 

PUBLIC UBRAR'f 




S. T. HAUSER 



MRS. CATHERINE ADDOMS GEORGE TRAVIS 

CONRAD KOHRS, President, 1895 



CHAS. W. COOK 



J. H. SHOBER 



DR. O. B. WHITFORD 



MONTANA PIONEERS 193 

Stephen D. Mullinix, born at Greencastle, Indiana, December ist, 
1838. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Brown's Gulch, October 
9th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Sheridan. 

Lyman P. Munger. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route 
traveled, across, the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, June 30th, 1863, 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Hannibal, Missouri. 

A. C. Murphy, arrived in Montana in August, 1864. 

Christian Nelson, born in Norway in 1827. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, June 25th, 1863. Last 
address, Virginia City. 

D. B. Noble, son of Bohand Noble; born in Ontario County, New 
York, March 13th, 1822. Place of departure for Montana, Dubuque, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains to Colorado in i860, thence over- 
land; arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, miner and miller. Resi- 
dence, Sheridan. 

Mrs. D. B. Noble, nee Minerva Peet, daughter of Levi Peet; born 
in Cattaraugus County, New York, Went to Colorado in i860. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived in Montana in 1863. Residence, Sheridan. 

Amy Noble, daughter of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble ; born in 
Delaware County, Iowa, March 8th, 1847. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived in Montana in 1863. 
Residence, Sheridan. 

Cynthia E. Noble, daughter of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble; 
born in Delaware County, Iowa, March 6th, 1848. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 
1863. Residence, Sheridan. 

Daniel H. Noble, son of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble ; born in 
Delaware County, Iowa, August 15th, 1857. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains t-m Colorado in i860; arrived 
in Montana in 1863, Residence, Sheridan. 

Flora A. Noble, daughter of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble; born 
in Colorado, December 29th, i860. Place of departure for Montana, Colo- 
rado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1863. Last 
address, Sheridan. Died, February, 1867. 

Mary Noble, daughter of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble; born in 

Delaware County, Iowa, in 1853. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; 
M. p.— 13 



194 SOCIETY OF 

route traveled, across the plains via Colorado in i860; arrived in Mon- 
tana in 1863. Residence, Sheridan. 

Minerva J. Noble, daughter of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble; 
born in Delaware County, Iowa, March 4th, 1849. Pl^^e of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado in i860; 
arrived in Montana in 1863. Residence, Sheridan. 

Robert W. Noble, son of D. B. and Minerva (Peet) Noble; born in 
Delaware County, Iowa, November 4th, 185 1. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado in i860; 
arrived in Montana in 1863. Residence, Sheridan. 

Alexander Norris, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1843. Place 
of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains z^z'^ 
Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, September 25th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, ranchman. Residence, Norris. 

William J. Norwood, born at Baltimore, Maryland, October ist, 
1829. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, May 20th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, merchant. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 

David O'Brien, born in Ireland, September 27th, 1838. Came to the 
United States; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, Nov- 
ember 9th, 1863. 

Charles Olsen, born in Norway in August, 1834. Came to the 
United States ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived in Montana in 
October, 1863. 

W. L. Parkenson, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. 

Nahum Parker, born at Woodstock, Vermont, March 9th, 1833. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Fort Bridger; arrived at Virginia City, May 25th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased, 

Martin Peel, son of John and Mary A. (Hewett) Peel ; born in Ver- 
mont in November, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, 
Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at 
Big Hole Diggings in 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, 
Ennis. 

Mrs. M. Peel, nee Ellen Selley, born in England in 1846. Place 
of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Ennis. 

Charles W. Pendarvis, born in Henderson County, Illinois, October 
29th, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 195 

across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Central City, Alder Gulch, 
August 14th, 1864. Occupation, stock grower. Residence, Puller Springs. 

Joseph Pennington, son of Joseph and Leticia B. (Owens) Penning- 
ton ; born in Kentucky, March 29th, 1835. Went across the plains to 
California in 1854. Place of departure for Montana, Chariton, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, July 
15th, 1863. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Twin Bridges. Made 
Scrip Entry No. i, in Montana Territory, September 13th, 1870. 

Edward Phillips, born in England, July i8th, 1818. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, August 
2d, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Virginia City. Deceased. 

George E. Pichter, arrived in Montana, July 1st, 1864. 

Simeon D. Pinckney, born at Bethel, New York, April 24th, 1819. 
Place of departure for Montana, Michigan ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bridger and Bozeman Routes; arrived at Virginia City, July iith, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Meadow Creek. 

E. M. POLLINGER, born at Mechanicsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 27th 
1836. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Yankee Flat (Bannack)^ 
November 9th, 1863. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Twin Bridges. 
Superintendent of stage line. 

G. W. Pope, arrived at Virginia City, August 15th, 1864. Residence, 
Red Bluff. 

L. D. Porter, born at Mansfield, Connecticut, April 9th, 1838. Place 

of departure for Montana, Massachusetts; route traveled, across the plains 

via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, November ist, 1864. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Iron Rod. 

S. C. Prentice, born in Yorkshire, Canada, in 1823. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Toronto, Canada; route 
traveled, via St. Paul, Minnesota, and across the plains via Northern 
Route; arrived at Virginia City, January 6th, 1863. Occupation, ranch- 
man. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

Nelson Ptomey, son of Alexander M. and Mary M. (Tomlinson) 
Ptomey; born in Ross County, Ohio, October 19th, 1826. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Denver, Colorado, April i6th, 1862; route traveled, 
across the plains via old California Emigrant trail via Fort Bridger, Salt 
Lake City, Utah, Oregon Route, Snake River at mouth of Portneuf River; 
arrived at Bannack, May nth, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Sum- 
mit, at head of Alder Gulch. 



196 SOCIETY OF 

George E. Ramsay. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Bannack in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Sheridan. 

Mrs. G. E. Ramsay. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Ban- 
nack in 1863. Residence, Sheridan. 

Oliver Raymond, Place of departure for Montana, Courtland, De- 
Kalb County, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via South Pass, 
Kinney Cut Off to Ham's Fork of Green River, Bear River, Soda 
Springs, Blackfoot to Rickard's Ferry on Snake River, William's Junction 
via Sage Creek; arrived at Virginia City, June nth, 1864. Deceased. 

Mrs. W. Raymond, 7ice Ellen Bateman, daughter of R. P. and El- 
len A. (Crawfoot) Bateman ; born in Oakland County, Michigan, March 
nth, 1854. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

Francis Redfern, son of John and Mary (Hagan) Redfern ; born in 
Bedford County, Pennsylvania, January 13th, 1849. Place of departure 
for Montana, Jackson County, Iowa; route traveled, via Lander Cut Off; 
arrived in Stinkingwater Valley, August i6th, 1864. Occupation, miner, 
farmer, and stock raiser. Residence, Laurin. 

John Redfern, born in Ireland in 1801. Place of departure for 
Montana, Jackson County, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
in Stinkingwater Valley, August i6th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Laurin. Died in 1887. 

William John Redfern, son of John and Elizabeth (O'neal) Red- 
fern; born in County Derry, Ireland, June 12th, 1831. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via 
Salt Lake City; arrived at Bagdadtown, Biven's Gulch, last of August, 1863. 
Occupation, miner and ranchman. Residence, Laurin. 

John Reed, son of Felix and Elizabeth (Clark) Reed ; born in Colum- 
bia County, Pennsylvania, June 29th, 1824. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Fairplay, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, June 20th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, 
Virginia City. 

William R. Reel, born at Putnam County, Indiana, June 28th, 1833. 
Place of departure for Montana, Indiana ; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, August 29th, 1864. Last address. Pony. Died 
in May, 1898. 

Fannie E. Reif, born in Colorado in 1862. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; 
arrived at Virginia City, December 13th, 1863. Residence, Virginia City. 

Clinton M. Richmond, son of Reuben and Sarah Jane Richmond; 
born in Gallatin County, Kentucky, December 23d, 1852. Place of depart- 



MONTANA PIONEERS 197 

ure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Smoky Hill Route; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, November 12th, 
1863. Occupation, laborer. Residence, Wisconsin Creek. 

Joseph Orrin Richmond, son of Reuben and Sarah J. Richmond; 
born at Warsaw, Gallatin County, Kentucky, February 4th, 1855. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains 
via Forts Halleck and Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Nevada City, 
Alder Gulch, November 12th, 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. Resi- 
dence, Twin Bridges. 

Mrs. S. J. Richmond, 7iee Sarah Jane Miller, daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah G. Miller; born in Gallatin County, Kentucky, March 6th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Smoky Hill Route; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, 
November 12th, 1863. Residence, Wisconsin Creek. 

A. T. RODGERS, born in Clark County, Indiana, October 29th, 1839, 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Denver and Fort Bridger; arrived at Alder Gulch, November 12th, 
1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Virginia City. Deceased. 

August L. Romey, born at Berne, Switzerland, October 5th, 1854. 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia 
City, September 27th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

Lucian Romey, born at Berne, Switzerland, July 26th, 1825. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia City, Septem- 
ber 27th, 1863. Occupation, carpenter. Residence, Virginia City. 

Frederick Root, born at Sheffield, Massachusetts, July 30th, 1840. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack, September 2d, 1862. Oc- 
cupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Sheridan. 

H. D. Rossiter, born at Richmond, Massachusetts, March nth, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains 
via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 6th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, miner and merchant. Residence, Sheridan. Member House of Rep- 
resentatives, Fourth Session, 1895, State Legislative Assembly. 

Samuel John Sanguein, son of Richard and Elizabeth Sanguein; 
born at Honesdale, Wayne County, Pennsylvania, September i6th, 1838. 
Place of departure for Montana, Mineral Point, Wisconsin; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via North Platte and Fort Bridger; arrived at 
Gold Creek, August loth, 1864. Occupation, blacksmith. Residence, 
Meadow Creek. 



198 SOCIETY OF 

James W. Saunders, son of William M. and Eliza Saunders; born at 
Augusta, Maine, November 6th, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, 
Augusta, Maine; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs; arrived 
at Virginia City, June 26th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Ennis. 

H. SCRIBNER, arrived in Montana in June, 1864. 

Daniel Severans, born at Warsaw, Ohio, in 1842. Place of departure 
for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route; 
arrived at Virginia City, August 6th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Res- 
idence, Meadow Creek. 

Sanford Chancellor Shingleton, son of Eli and Sarah Shingleton; 
born in Kentucky, December 22d, 1833. Place of departure for Montana, 
Vacaville, California; route traveled, overland via Boise City, Idaho; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, November ist, 1863. Occupation, miner, freighter, 
and ranchman. Residence, Meadow Creek. 

George W. Shoemaker, born in Missouri, July 15th, 1842. Place of 
departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Virginia City, August 14th, 1864. Residence, Sheridan. 

E. L. Smith, arrived in Montana, June 27th, 1864. Last address, 
Virginia City. Deceased. 

George W. Smith, born in New York, May 7th, 1836. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Aurora, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, May i6th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

H. P. A. Smith. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via the old Cherokee trail; arrived at 
East Bannack in July, 1862. Profession, lawyer. Last address, Virginia 
City. Deceased. 

Joseph Smith, born in Summit County, Ohio, September 30th, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June 1st, 1863. Occu- 
pation, express agent. Residence, Virginia City. 

J. B. Snapp, son of E. Snapp; born near Winchester, Virginia, June 
17th, 1836. Place of departure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City, August 25th, 1864. Occupation, stock 
raiser. Residence, Home Park. Deceased. 

W. C. SOUTHMAYD, arrived in Montana in August, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, Virginia City. Died, December 26th, 1893. 

Don O. Spalding, born at Willoughby, Ohio, February 26th, 1820. 
Place of departure for Montana, Michigan; route traveled, across the 



MONTANA PIONEERS 199 

plains via Bridger Cut Off; arrived at Meadow Creek, July 15th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Meadow Creek. 

George H. SpaRRELL, son of James N. and Desire Sparrell ; born at 
South Scituate, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, May loth, 1831. Place 
of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the 
plains via overland trail to Salt Lake City via Ogden ; arrived at Virginia 
City, April 28th, 1864. Occupation, carpenter. Residence, Pony. 

Joseph Spencer, born May i8th, 1835. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Soda Springs ; arrived 
at Bannack in May, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Sheridan. 
Deceased. 

Isaac Samuel Stafford, son of Isaac and Lucy (Seymour) Stafford; 
born at Norwich, New York, June 1st, 1829. Went across the plains to 
Colorado in 1859, ^'^*^ returned to Illinois in 1863. Place of departure 
for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via South Pass, 
Kinney Cut Off, Ham's Fork of Green River, Bear River, Soda Springs, 
Blackfoot to Rickard's Ferry on Snake River, and William's Junction via 
Sage Creek; arrived at Virginia City, June nth, 1864. Profession, physi- 
cian. Residence, Pony. Member House of Representatives, Eighth (extra) 
Session, 1873, and regular Session, 1874, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Eugene Stark, son of Valiant Stark; born at Cincinnati, Ohio, Febru^ 
ary 22d, 1843. Place of departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Bannack, July 4th, 
1863. Occupation, watchmaker. Residence, Virginia City. Deceased. 

Henry Stevens. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Route ; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
July 28th, 1864. Deceased. 

Edwin R. Stiles, arrived in Montana, June ist, 1864. Last address, 
Meadow Creek. Deceased. 

John Strong, born in Ireland in 1827. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, December 13th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Virginia City. 

Jane Strong, born in Ireland in 1828. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, December 13th, 1863. 
Residence, Virginia City. 

W. F. Sumner, arrived in Montana, June 14th, 1863. 

Wellington Lafayette Taft, son of Prelet and Eliza (Lewis) Taft; 
born in Huron County, Ohio, October 27th, 1841. Place of departure 



200 SOCIETY OF 

for Montana, Lake Creek, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Fort Bridger; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, September 15th, 
1863. Occupation, millman. Residence, Pony. 

A. W. Tanner, born near LeRoy, Genesee County, New York, in 
1837. Place of departure for Montana, Michigan; route traveled, across 
the plains via the Northern and Bridger Routes, and Yellowstone River; 
arrived at Emigrant Gulch, August 24th, 1864. Occupation, merchant 
and miner. Residence, Red Bluff. 

Mrs. a. W. Tanner, 7iee Cynthia E. Staj^ley, born near Kalamazoo, 
Michigan. Place of departure for Montana, Michigan; route traveled, 
across the plains via Northern and Bridger Routes; arrived at Emigrant 
Gulch, August 24th, 1864. Residence, Red Bluff. 

William Taylor, born in Cherokee County, Indian Territory, April 
26th, 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Indian Territory; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, April 26th, 1864. 

Hezekiah L. Templeton, arrived in Montana in March, 1864. 

George Thexton, born in Westmoreland County, England, April 
23d, 1824. Came to the United States. Route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana, July 4th, 1864. 

Z. Edwin Thomas, son of Salmon and Rosalinda Thomas; born at 
Springville, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, September 3d, 1832. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Laramie and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, June 
I2th, 1863. Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Mayflower. 

Nathan Thompson, arrived in Montana, July 4th, 1863. Residence, 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Ellen Tiernan, born at Limerick, Ireland, in 1848. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado : route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Oc- 
cupation, farmer. Residence, Sheridan. 

Joseph Trotier, born in St. Clair County, Illinois, December 6th, 1823. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived in Montana, May 25th, 1864. 

A. Trudeau, arrived in Montana in July, 1864. 

James Tufts, son of Jonas and Sarah (Labaree) Tufts; born at Charles- 
town, New Hampshire, September 19th, 1829. Place of departure for 
Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Niobrara, Nebraska. 
Member of the Nebraska Territorial Legislative Assembly, 1859-60. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 201 

Speaker, Dakota Territorial Legislative Assembly. Speaker, First Session, 
1863-4, Idaho Legislative Assembly. Secretary Montana Territory, 1867-8, 
and Acting Governor, 1869. Republican candidate for delegate to Con- 
gress, 1869. Died, August i8th, 1885. 

John Vanderbilt, son of Abram H. and Julia Ann (Paton) Vander- 
bilt; born at Lyons, Wayne County, New York, June ist, 1833. Place of 
departure for Montana, Douglas County, Kansas, Route traveled, across 
the plains "via Denver, Colorado, i860. Cache la Poudre, South Pass, 
Sweetwater, Green and Bear Rivers, Soda Springs and Lemhi Trail. 
Arrived in Bitter Root Valley, August 1st, 1862. Occupation, miner and 
carpenter. Residence, Newark, New York. On the Yellowstone Expedition 
in 1863. (See contributions to Historical Society of Montana, Vol. L, 1876.) 

Henry Van de Werken, born in Holland, August 26th, 1826. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Virginia City, 
April 29th, 1864. Residence, Virginia City. 

O. B Varney, arrived in Montana in October, 1864. 

John G. Vetter, arrived in Montana, September 7th, 1864. 

Addison Vincent, bom in East Canada, June 15th, 1832. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake ; arrived at Virginia City 
in March, 1864. Residence, Virginia City. Deceased. 

H. Vincent, arrived in Montana in June, 1-864. 

E. J. Walter, born in England in 1836. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City. August 15th, 1863. Oc- 
cupation, mason. Residence, Virginia City. 

William Walton, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, August 2d, 
1824. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, 
across the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 
1st, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Virginia City. Deceased. 

Henry Warmington, born in Cornwall, England, January ist, 1837. 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Hazel 
Green, Grant County, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains via 
North Platte and Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 
27th, 1864. Occupation, wheelwright. Residence, Virginia City. 

George S. Watkins, son of Walter L. and Mary Ann (Holloway) 
Watkins ; born in Jessamine County, Kentucky, February 14th, 1837. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled across the 
plains; arrived at Virginia City, June 2d, 1864. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Residence, Meadow Creek. 



eo2 SOCIETY OF 

Thomas H. White, arrived in Montana in May, 1864. 

Otis C. Whitney, son of Ephraim and Mary (Crocker) Whitney; born 
in Washington County, Maine, April 27th, 181 5. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Anthony Falls, Minnesota; route traveled across the plains 
via Colorado, 1863; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Ennis. Member House of Representatives, Seventh Session, 
1871-2, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 

Mrs. O. C. Whitney, nee Ellen Hill, born in Wisconsin. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Anthony Falls, Minnesota; route traveled, 
across the plains via Colorado, 1863 ; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. 
Residence, Ennis. 

G. J. Wickham, arrived in Montana in September, 1862. 

John Wilhart, born in Germany, September 28th, 1838. Came to the 
United States in 1854. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Ban- 
nack. May 12th, 1863. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

James Williams, son of John M. Williams ; born in Westmoreland 
County, Pennsylvania, January 9th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, 
Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, June 
20th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Puller Springs. Deceased. 

Mrs. James Williams, nee Elizabeth Ledford, daughter of James 
Ledford ; born in Ralls County, Missouri, January 9th, 1843. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Audrain County, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Salt Lake; arrived at Bannack, August nth, 1863. Residence, 
Puller Springs. 

John M. Williams, arrived in Montana in June, 1863. 

T. B. WiNGATE, arrived in Montana in September, 1863. Last address, 
Virginia City. Deceased. 

Wellington E. Wood. Place of departure for Montana, Plainfield, 
Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana, July ist, 
1864. 

Jacob Wyrouck, son of John and Mary Wyrouck; born at Bellefonte. 
Centre County, Pennsylvania, in September, 1832. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled. North Platte River, Fort 
Bridger, and Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived at Virginia City, October 15th, 
1863. Occupation, merchant and ranchman. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

Mrs. J. Wyrouck, nee M. J. Howe, born in Pennsylvania in 1833. Ar- 
rived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Twin Bridges. 

Merret M. Young, born in Tompkins County, New York, December 
23d, 1821. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived in Montana in August, 1862. 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 203 



MEAGHER COUNTY 



TAKEN from Gallatin County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
approved March 26th, 1866, Legalized by Act of November i6th, 
1867. County seat established at Diamond City. Boundaries defined by 
Act of January 12th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 431. Boundaries de- 
fined by Act of February 13th, 1874. Boundaries defined by Act of 
February 9th, 1876. Boundaries defined, Revised Statutes, 1879, P^S^ 
476. Boundaries defined by Act of February 7th, 1883. Boundaries 
changed by Act of March 12th, 1885. Boundaries defined by Sec. 736, 
Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 836. Boundaries defined by 
Sec. 41 13, Political Code, 1895. Boundaries changed by Act of Febru- 
ary 9th, 1897; also by Act of March ist, 1897; also by Act of March 
6th, 1897. Boundaries changed by Act of February 28th, 1899. County 
seat, White Sulphur Springs. 

Samuel Anderson, son of Samuel Q. and Lucy A. (Harper) Ander- 
son ; born in Buckingham County, Virginia, July 8th, 1844. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Cincinnati, Ohio ; route traveled, down the Ohio 
River, up the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers to St. Joseph, Missouri, 
vta Fort Kearney, Julesburg, Laramie, and Bridger Cut Off ; arrived at 
Bozeman, December i8th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, White 
Sulphur Springs. 

Albert Bruckert, Sr., son of George and Emma Bruckert ; born 
in Bavaria, Germany, in 1840. Came to the United States in 1853. 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, 
across the plains via Denver, Colorado, in 1863; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
June 15th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, White Sulphur Springs. 

Mrs. Albert Bruckert, nee Rachel Whitman, born in Germany. 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains zn'a Denver, Colorado, in 1863; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, June 15th, 1864. Residence, White Sulphur 
Springs. 

Albert Bruckert, Jr., son of Albert and Rachel (Whitman) Bruck- 
ert ; born at St. Joseph, Missouri, May 22d, i860. Place of departure for 
Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, 
in 1863; arrived at Alder Gulch, June 15th, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. 
Residence, White Sulphur Springs. 

George Edward Bruckert, native; son of Albert and Rachel 
(Whitman) Bruckert; born at Virginia City, July nth, 1864. Occupation, 
ranchman. Residence, White Sulphur Springs. 



204 SOCIETY OF 

John Bruckert, son of Albert, Sr., and Rachel (Whitman) Bruckert ^ 
born at St. Joseph, Missouri, July 12th, 1862. Place of departure for 
Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, 
1863; arrived at Alder Gulch, June 15th, 1864. Occupation, cattle raiser. 
Residence, White Sulphur Springs. 

Charles W. Cook, son of Daniel and Elizabeth T. Cook; born at 
Unity, Waldo County, Maine, in 1839. Place of departure for Montana, 
Providence, Rhode Island; route traveled, across the plains via Hannibal, 
Missouri, Omaha, Denver, Fort Bridger, and Soda Springs; arrived at 
Virginia City, September 22d, 1864. Occupation, wool grower and stock 
raiser. Residence, Unity. 

John W. Dunham, born at Springfield, Ohio, September 2d, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, October ist, 1863. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, White Sulphur Springs. 

Van H. Fisk, son of John B. and Jerusha T. Fisk ; born in Ohio, De- 
cember 19th, 1840. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route 
traveled, across the plains via Northern Route ; arrived at American Bar^ 
August 15th, 1864. Profession, editor. Last address, Townsend. De- 
ceased. 

David Edwin Folsom, son of Thomas and Soviah Folsom ; born at 
Epping, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, May 15th, 1838. Place 
of departure for Montana, Minneapolis, Minnesota; route traveled, across 
the plains via Northern Route, Red River, Milk River, Fort Benton, and 
Mullan road; arrived in Prickly Pear Valley, September 20th, 1862. 
Occupation, miner, stock raiser, and banker. Residence, White Sulphur 
Springs. Member Senate, Third Session, 1893; Fourth Session, 1895, 
State Legislative Assembly. 

Charles Francisco, son of Andrew and Johanna Francisco ; born in 
Woodford County, Kentucky, December 2d, 1838. Place of departure 
for Montana, Waverly, Missouri; route traveled, via Fort Laramie, 
the old California Route, and Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, 
October 22d, 1864. Occupation, cattle raiser. Residence, Sixteen Mile. 

Alexander Gibson, born at Kingston, Ontario, in 1840. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Ontario; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
near Fort Union, July ist, i860. Occupation, carriage maker. Residence, 
White Sulphur Springs. 

P. D KiNYON, arrived in Montana, July 9th, 1863. Residence, Fort 
Logan. 

Michael C. Larkin, born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, June 30th, 
1830. Came to the United States in 1850. Place of departure for Mon- 



MONTANA PIONEERS 205 

tana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Deer Lodge Val- 
ley in 1862. Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Clendenin. 

Archibald McGregor, arrived in Montana in 1864. 

J. E. Murray, arrived in Montana, May 12th, 1863. Residence, White 
Sulphur Springs. 

John Young Phillips, son of Moses and Sarah Phillips; born in 
Van Buren County, Iowa, November 12th, 1838. Place of departure for 
Montana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via the Cherokee 
trail, Fort Bridger, and Bear and Snake Rivers; arrived at Bannack, 
September 20th, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Competine, Wa- 
pello County, Iowa. 

B. R. Sherman, son of Norman C. and Julia Ann Sherman ; born in 
Essex County, New York. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; 
route traveled, across the plains via California in 1859, Oregon, and 
Boise Basin, Idaho; arrived at Fort Owen in 1864. Occupation, miller and 
stock raiser. Residence, White Sulphur Springs. 

George Stafford. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains via South Pass, Kinney Cut Off to Ham's 
Fork of Green River, Bear River, Soda Springs, Blackfoot to Rickard's 
Ferry on Snake River, William's Junction via Sage Creek; arrived at 
Virginia City, June nth, 1864. Residence, Sycamore, Illinois. 

Alfred J. Stephens, arrived at Fort Logan, July 3d, 1863. Occupa- 
tion, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Fort Logan. 

Will H. Sutherlin, son of John H. and Araminta (McMahan) 
Sutherlin ; born at La Mine, Cooper County, Missouri. Place of departure 
for Montana, La Mine, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Nebraska City, Fort Kearney, and Bridger Pass; arrived at Virginia City, 
April 2ist, 1864. Occupation, farmer and editor. Residence, White Sul- 
phur Springs. Member Fifteenth and Extra Sessions, 1887, Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. 

John Taze. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, 
across the plains via South Pass, Kinney Cut Off to Ham's Fork of 
Green River, Bear River, Soda Springs, Blackfoot to Rickard's Ferry on 
Snake River, William's Junction via Sage Creek; arrived at Virginia 
City, June nth, 1864. 

J. B. Whitson, born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, May i6th, 
1862. Place of departure for Montana, Rushville County, Illinois ; route 
traveled, across the plains via Platte River and Sublette's Cut Off; arrived 
at Deer Lodge in July, 1862. Occupation, miner and mechanic. Resi- 
dence, Castle, 



2o6 SOCIETY OF 

George R.Wilson, son of George and Mary Wilson; born at Elmira, 
New York, September 30th, 1830. Place of departure for Montana, White 
Water, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut 
Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 13th, 1864, Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Merino. 



MISSOULA COUNTY 



CREATED and boundaries established by Act approved February 2d, 
1865, S. L. page 528. County seat established at Hell Gate. 
Changed to Missoula Mills by Act approved December 14th, 1866. 
Change of location of county seat at Missoula Mills legalized by Act of 
November 13th, 1867. Boundaries defined by Act of November 20th, 1867. 
Boundaries defined by Act of January 12th, 1872, Codified Statutes, page 
428. Boundaries defined. Revised Statutes, 1879, P^ge 474, Boundaries 
defined by Sec. 730, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 833. 
Boundaries changed by Act approved February 6th, 1893. Boundaries de- 
fined by Sec. 4107, Political Code, 1895. 

John Anderson, born near Milesburgh, Pennsylvania, July 15th, 1832. 
Place of departure for Montana, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains ■z'm South Pass; arrived at East Bannack, September 23d, 
1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address, Missoula. Deceased. 

David Austin, son of George Austin; born in New York, October 5th, 
1832. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route traveled, across 
the plains via California, 1854; Virginia City, Nevada, 1861, and Boise City, 
Idaho, 1863; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock 
raiser. Residence, Missoula. 

W. N. Barron, born in New York in 1822. Place of departure for 
Montana, California ; route traveled, overland via Walla Walla, Washing- 
ton Territory; arrived at East Bannack in 1863. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Ashley. 

William Berkin, son of Thomas and Sarah Berkin ; born at Swaning- 
ton, Leicestershire, England, June 13th, 1828. Came to the United States 
in i860. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in July, 1862. Occu- 
pation, miner and farmer. Residence, Iron Mountain. Commissioner of 
Meagher County. 



ASTOR, LEN®x - 



MONTANA PIONEERS 207 

Charles William Berry, son of William and Olive S. (Lock) Berry ; 
born at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, February 25th, 1827. Went to Cali- 
fornia in 1849 ^^^ Isthmus of Panama, Place of departure for Montana, 
Walla Walla, Washington Territory; route traveled, across the mountains; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, April 28th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Missoula. Deceased. 

Joseph S. Blodget, son of Norman and Sally Blodget ; born in Ohio, 
December 27th, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Ogden, Utah, 1850; Oregon, 1854; California, 
1855; Walla Walla, Washington Territory, 1856; arrived at Bitter Root 
Valley in 1859. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Arlee. 

Patrick Cahalin, born in Ireland, March 24th, 1824. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled. 
Elk City trail; arrived at Bannack in July, 1864. Occupation, miner and 
farmer. Last address, Bonita. 

William Cave, son of George and Caroline A. (Nicol) Hackleman; 
born in Stinkingwater Valley at mouth of Alder Gulch, December 8th, 
1863. Occupation, accountant. Residence, Missoula. Name changed by 
Act of Legislature, Approved, January 30th, 1885. 

John B. Chabott, born at Montreal, Canada, in 1827. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, York Factory, Hudson's Bay; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lake Winnipeg and North-West Territory ; arrived at Bitter 
Root Mountains in August, 185 1. Occupation, packer. Last address, 
Ravalli. 

William Claessens (S. J.). Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, 
Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via old Fort Hall and Deer 
Lodge Valley ; arrived in Montana in 1841. Calling, Priest. Last address, 
St. Ignatius Mission. Died at Santa Clara, California, October iith, 1891. 

Peter John DeSmet (S. J.), born at Dendermonde, East Flanders, 
Belgium, January 31st, 1801. Went to Lima, Peru, in 1824, and came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled, with an American Fur Company Expedition to Green 
River, thence via Pieere Hole Valley, Henry's Lake, and Big Hole Basin; 
arrived in Montana in July, 1840. Calling, Priest. Last address, St. Louis, 
Missouri. Died, May 23d, 1873. 

James A. Dixson, arrived in Montana, June 4th, 1864. Residence, 
Missoula. Member House of Representatives, Tenth Session, 1877, Terri- 
torial Legislative Assembly. 

Henry Finnis Edgar, son of John and Janet Douglas (Finnis) Ed- 
gar; born in Scotland, October 4th, 1826. Came to the United States. 



2o8 SOCIETY OF 

Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota ; route traveled, Red 
River of the North and across the plains via Northern Route ; arrived 
at Fort Benton, September 20th, 1859. Occupation, miner and farmer. 
Residence, Plains. One of the discoverers of gold in Alder Gulch. 

Abner Grear England, son of Joel Wallas and Nancy Jane (Seeds) 
England ; born at Lawrenceville, Lawrence County, Illinois, November 
1st, 1830. Went across the plains in 1853. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Portland, Oregon; route traveled, up Columbia River to Umatilla 
Landing, thence pack train via Mullan road and Coeur d'Alene ; arrived 
in Missoula Valley, July 4th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Mis- 
soula. 

John S. Fisher, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1833. Place 
of departure for Montana, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Hell Gate in 1862. Occupation, miner and stock 
raiser. Last address, St. Ignatius Mission. 

John M. Foy, born in Pennsylvania in 1835. Went across the plains 
to Utah in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, 
overland via Snake River; arrived at East Bannack in 1862. Occupa- 
tion, miner and freighter. Last address, Ashley. 

Charles Gardiner, born in Canada in 1837. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Frenchtown in July, i860. Oc- 
cupation, carpenter. Last address, Arlee. 

J. H. Graves, born in New York in 1841. Place of departure for 
Montana, California; route traveled, overland via Salt Lake; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Ashley. 

DWIGHT Harding, son of Curtis and Pattie Harding; arrived in Mon- 
tana in 1864. 

Patrick Harrison, born at Donegal, Ireland, in 181 8. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Walla Walla, Washing- 
ton Territory; route traveled, overland via the Mullan road; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Thompson Falls. 

Henry J. Heyrurn, born in Pennsylvania in 1832. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, California; route traveled, overland via Kootenai River; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Arlee. 

Christopher Powers Higgins, born in Ireland in March, 1830. 
Came to the United States. On the Stevens Expedition in 1853. Place 
of departure for Montana, Walla Walla, Washington Territory ; route 
traveled, across the mountains via Hell Gate ; arrived at Fort Benton in 
1855. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Missoula. Deceased. 




WORDEN AND COMPANY HELL GATE RONDE, 1860 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LENOX 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 



MONTANA PIONEERS 209 

Frank G. Higgins, son of C. P. Higgins; born at Hell Gate, Mon- 
tana, December 28th, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Residence, Missoula. 
Member (Democratic) House of Representatives, First Session, 1889-90, 
and House, Second Session, 1891, State Legislative Assembly. 

Joseph Houle, son of Joseph and Angelina (Miller) Houle; born at 
Saint Gregoire, Quebec, Canada, March 27th, 1836. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; ar- 
rived at Fort Benton, April i6th, 1861. Occupation, farmer and trader. 
Residence, Frenchtown. In employ of American Fur Company. 

Barnard Hughes, arrived in Montana, July 8th, 1862. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Jocko. One of the discoverers of gold in Alder Gulch 
with Louis Simmons, William Fairweather, George Orr, Thomas Coover, 
and Henry F. Edgar. 

Eugene Humbert, born at New York City, New York, in 1841. 
Place of departure for Montana, New York City; route traveled, up the 
Missouri River; arrived at Frenchtown in 1863. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Ravalli. 

Esau James, born in Kentucky, May 24th, 1838. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 14th, 1864- Occupation, farmer. Last address, Missoula. 

MiLlNDA E. James, born in Lidiana in 1844. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 14th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Missoula. 

Thomas J. James, son of Esau and Milinda E. James; born in Iowa, 
March 12th, 1863. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, August 14th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Last address, Missoula. 

Robert Johnson. Place of departure for Montana, Lewiston, Idaho; 
route traveled, via Florence and Elk City, and across the mountains via 
the Mullan road; arrived at Hell Gate in July, 1864. Occupation, freighter. 
Last address. White Pine. 

William Kennedy, son of James and Catharine Kennedy; born in 
Ohio, August i8th, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Washington 
Territory; route traveled, across the mountains; arrived at Fort Benton, 
June 1st, 1862. Occupation, hotel keeper. Residence, Missoula. 

Joseph Lacaff, born at Luxemburg, Belgium. Came to the United 
States in 1863. Route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1864. Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Missoula. 

M. P.— 14 



2IO SOCIETY OF 

John McCormick, son of William McCormick. Place of departure for 
Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Missoula. 

Washington J. McCormick, son of William McCormick, born at 
Muncie, Delaware County, Indiana, in 1835. Place of departure for 
Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, September loth, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Last address, Missoula. 
Member House of Representatives, First Session, 1864-5; Council, Second 
(extra) Session, 1866; Ninth Session, 1876; Tenth Session, 1877; Eleventh 
and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Member Con- 
stitutional Conventions, 1866 and 1884. Died, February 3d, 1889. 

Thomas J. McNamara, born at Limerick, Ireland, in 1826. Came to 
the United States in 185 1. Place of departure for Montana, California ; 
route traveled, overland via Cascade Mountains and Salmon River, Idaho; 
arrived at Bannack in November, 1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, 

Missoula. 

Joseph E. Marion, son of Amabla and Catherine (Deschamps) Marion ; 
born at Contrecoeur, Vercheres County, Quebec, January 23d, 1842. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up Missouri 
River on steamer Chippczua, and overland ; arrived at Fort Benton, April 
i6th, 1861. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Frenchtown. Member 
House of Representatives, Eleventh and Extra Sessions, 1879, Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. Member Constitutional Convention, 1889. 

J. Menterey, arrived in Montana in 1863. 

E. B. Mount, born in Kentucky in 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Kentucky; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake; arrived 
at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Ashley. 

H. C. Myers, born in Ohio in 1855. Place of departure for Montana, 
Fremont, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains; arrived af the Big Hole 
in June, 1863. Last address, Missoula. 

August Nelson, born on High Seas, April 24th, 1 83 1. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Bitter Creek; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1863. Occupation, 
express messenger. Last address, Missoula. 

Thomas Newman, born at Carlisle, Illinois, August 22d, 1839. Place 
of departure for Montana, Walla Walla, Washington Territory; route trav- 
eled, Pend d'Oreille ; arrived at Tobacco Plains, November 23d, 1864. 
Residence, Santa Cruz, California. 

Cornelius C. O'Keefe, born at Cork, Ireland, September 12th, 1822, 
Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Washing- 



MONTANA PIONEERS 211 

ton Territory ; route traveled, across the mountains ; arrived at Coriacan 
Defile in October, i860. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Coriacan De- 
file. Member House of Representatives, Eighth (extra) Session, 1873 ; 
Eighth Session, 1874, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased. 

Mrs. C. C. O'Keefe, nee Anna Lester, born in Ireland in 1835, Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in August, 1864. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Residence, Coriacan Defile. 

David C. O'Keefe, born at Cork, Ireland, in 1826. Came to the United 
States; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1862. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Missoula. 

Edwin W. Park, born in Ohio in 1828. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Oregon ; route traveled, via Walla Walla, Washington Territory ; ar- 
rived at Missoula, July 4th, 1863. Occupation, trader. Residence, Su- 
perior. 

Asbury Plummer, born near Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1841. Place 
of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; ar- 
rived at Missoula, July 24th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Mis- 
soula. 

John Reed, born in Ireland in 1838. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains 
via Sublette's Cut Off; arrived at Bannack in 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Ashley. 

MoiSE Reeves, son of Martin and Maud Louise (Dervisa) Reeves; 
born at Varenna, Quebec, Canada, September 12th, 1834. Came to the 
United States in 1848. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, 
Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton 
in June, 1852. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Frenchtown. A member 
of the Mullan Expedition. 

James P. Reinhard, son of Paul and Martha (Mercer) Reinhard; born 
at Louisville, Kentucky, August 14th, 1840. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Lexington, Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri River on 
steamer Effie Deans; arrived at mouth of the Marias River, July 9th, 
1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Missoula. 

William H. Rodgers, born in Clarke County, Indiana, in April, 1814. 
Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route traveled, 
across the plains ; arrived at Virginia City in September, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, hotel keeper. Last address, Missoula. Territorial Auditor, 1867-74. 
Died, April 8th, 1885. 

Peter Ronan, son of Matthew and Margaret (Carter) Ronan ; born 
at Antigonish, Nova Scotia, June ist, 1838. Came to the United States. 



212 SOCIETY OF 

Place of departure for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains via South Pass and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack 
in April, 1863. Occupation, journalist. Last address, Flathead Indian 
Agency. United States Flathead Indian Agent. Died, August 20th, 1893. 

Mrs. Peter Ronan, nee Mary C. Sheehan, daughter of James and 
Ellen (Fitzgibbon) Sheehan; born at Louisville, Kentucky, in July, 1852. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Pass; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Residence, 
Missoula. 

D. A. Stewart, born in Canada in 1838. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Rochester, New York; route traveled, 
across the plains via Lander Cut off; arrived at Last Chance Gulch in 
1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Ashley. 

John L. Sweeney, son of Connor N. and Susan (Shriver) Sweeney ; 
born at Canton, Stark County, Ohio, January 23d, 1821. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, the Bozeman Route; came with 
James M. Bozeman's first train and helped make the road; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, August 3d, 1864. Occupation, m.iner and furniture maker. 
Residence, Missoula. 

Alfred J. Urlin, born in New York in 1842. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Virginia City in October, 1863. Last address, Missoula. Deceased. 

John Vincent, born in Illinois in 1833. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Oregon ; route traveled, across the mountains via Elk City trail ; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch in August, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, 
Arlee. 

Thomas Williams, born in Ireland in 1831. Came to the United 
States in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via Colorado and Salt Lake City, Utah ; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, April loth, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Missoula. 
Deceased. 

Charles Winter, born in Germany in 1843. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Virginia City, June 29th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Missoula. 

Gustavus a. Wolf, son of Philip D. and Caroline (Zerney) Wolf; 
born at Ungstein, Austria-Hungary, Germany, May ist, 1842. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Kansas City, Missouri; route traveled, overland trail; 
arrived at Virginia City, September 30th, 1864. Occupation, banker. Resi- 
dence, Missoula. 



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MONTANA PIONEERS 213 

Frank H. Woody, son of Robert and Pyrene (Hargrave) Woody; born 
in Chatham County, North Carolina, December loth, 1833. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Leavenworth, Kansas, 1855; route traveled, across the 
plains via Fort Laramie, Independence Rock, Sweetwater, South Pass, Salt 
Lake, Utah, Fort Hall, Market Lake, Birch Creek, and Horse Prairie; ar- 
rived in Flathead Country about October 15th, 1856, Profession, lawyer. 
Residence, Missoula. Member Council, Sixth Session, 1869-70, Territorial 
Legislative Assembly. Commissioner, clerk, and recorder, Missoula County. 
Judge of Fourth Judicial District. 

Francis Lyman Worden, son of Rufus and Susan (Powers) Worden ; 
born at Marlborough, Vermont, October 15th, 1830. Went to California 
in 1852. Place of departure for Montana, Walla Walla, Washington Terri- 
tory ; route traveled, across the mountains via Mullan road; arrived in 
Hell Gate Ronde in i860. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Mis- 
soula. Member of Council, First Session, 1864-5 ; House of Representa- 
tives, Ninth Session, 1876; Council, Twelfth Session, 1881, Territorial Leg- 
islative Assembly. Died, February 5th, 1887. 



PARK COUNTY 



TAKEN from Gallatin County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
of February 23d, 1887, to take effect May ist, 1887, Compiled Stat- 
utes, 1887, page 1238. Attached to Gallatin County for judicial purposes 
until August 1st, 1887. County seat established at Livingston. Bound- 
aries defined bv Sec. 4121, Political Code, 1895. 

D. M. Allen, born at Jamestown, Chautauqua County, New York, 
September 14th, 1820. Place of departure for Montana, Warren, Warren 
County, Pennsylvania; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mon- 
tana in September, 1864. Last address, Livingston. 

George J. Allen, son of George J. and Esther M. Allen; born in 
Henry County, Missouri, January 19th, 1844. Place of departure for 
Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Last address, Liv- 
ingston. 

Mrs. Madison M. Black, 7tee Rosa Grace Fridley, daughter of 
Frederick Franklin and America Jane (Mounts) Fridley; born in Musca- 
tine County, Iowa, May 27th, 1858. Place of departure for Montana, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains z/zV? Bridger Route; arrived at Em- 
igrant Gulch, August 27th, 1864. Residence, Fridley. 



2 14 SOCIETY OF 

George A. Bruffey, born in Pocahontas County, (West) Virginia, 
September 24th, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; 
route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Virginia Dale, Cache la 
Poudre, Colorado, Fort Halleck, South Pass, Fort Bridger, Bear River, 
Soda Springs, William's Junction, and Beaverhead Rock ; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, November 9th, 1863. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. 
Residence, Livingston. Member House of Representatives, Fifth Session, 
1897, State Legislative Assembly. 

William A. Davis, son of J. J. Davis; born in Nelson County, Vir- 
ginia. Went to California in 1854. Place of departure for Montana, Ne- 
vada; route traveled, overland; arrived at Grasshopper Creek in 1863. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Emigrant. Went to the Saskatchewan 
River, North-West Territory, in 1867, and on the Clark's Fork Stampede 
in 1870. 

W. L. DeMoss, born in Fleming County, Kentucky, April 30th, 1830. 
Place of departure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains 
via Salt Lake; arrived at Bannack in fall of 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Livingston. 

Frederick Franklin Fridley, son of Jacob and Nancy Fridley; 
born in Augusta County, Virginia, October 22d, 1824. Went to California 
in 1849, ^"'^ returned to Iowa in 1850 "oia the Isthmus of Panama. Place 
of departure for Montana, Muscatine, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bridger Route; arrived at Emigrant Gulch, August 27th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Fridley. Died, September 8th, 1892. 

Edward Hibbard, son of Asbury and Harriet (Davis) Hibbard; born 
at Troy, New York, July 4th, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, 
Selkirk Settlement; route traveled, overland; arrived at Fort Benton in 
August, i860. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Livingston. 

H. J. HOPPE, born in Germany. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, California; route traveled, overland via Salt Lake 
City; arrived at Alder Gulch, November 17th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. 
Last address, Cinnabar. Deceased. 

Mrs. H. J. HOPPE, arrived in Montana, May ist, 1864. Last address. 
Cinnabar. 

Walter Monroe Hoppe, son of H. J. Hoppe; born in Montana, Au- 
gust 6th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Cinnabar. 

John Charles McIntosh, son of Charles and Margaret (Hearold) 
Mcintosh; born at Edinburgh, Scotland, March 12th, 1840. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Davenport, Iowa, i860; 



MONTANA PIONEERS 215 

Denver, Colorado, 1863; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake 
trail, Pleasant Valley, and Portneuf Canon ; arrived at Virginia City in 
September, 1863. Occupation, engineer and millman. Residence, Jardine. 

Matthias Mounts, born in Scott County, Iowa, December 2d, 1846. 
Place of departure for Montana, Fort Scott, Kansas; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bozeman trail; arrived at Emigrant Gulch in 1863. Occu- 
pation, trader. Residence, Fridley. 

C. P. Murray, son of John and Elizabeth Murray; born in Missouri. 
Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the 
plains ; arrived on the Yellowstone River (present site of Livingston) in 
August, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Livingston. 

Alfred Myers, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. 
Residence, Meyersburg. 

W. B. Myers, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. 
Residence, Meyersburg. 

Fellows D. Pease, born in Tioga County, Pennsylvania, in 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, up Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Union Agency in 1864. Occupation, trader. Resi- 
dence, Livingston. 

George Pfohl, born in Alsace, Germany, in 1833. Came to the United 
States in 1847. Went across the plains to Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1859, 
and to California. Place of departure for Montana, California; route 
traveled, across the mountains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, 
miner and farmer. Residence, Livingston. 

Newton Seward, born at Maysville, Mason County, Kentucky, August 
28th, 1822. Went to Denver, Colorado, in i860 and returned. Place of 
departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at East Bannack, July 15th, 1864. Occupation, miner and lumberman. 
Residence, Livingston. Mr. Seward visited the Geyser Basin (Yellowstone 
National Park) in 1864. 

James Alfred Smith, son of J. T. and Sarah A. (Good) Smith; born 
in Adair County, Missouri, April 29th, 1848. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Kirksville, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via the Boze- 
man Route; arrived in Montana in 1864. Profession, lawyer. Residence, 
Livingston. 

Benjamin Strickland, son of David and Betsy Strickland; born at 
Barker, Broome County, New York, April 5th, 1832. Place of departure 
for Montana, West Union, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via the 
Bridger Route; arrived at Emigrant Gulch, Yellowstone River, August 
27th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Livingston. 



2i6 SOCIETY OF 

William M. Wright, son of Richard and Polly Wright; born at 
Humphrey, Cattaraugus County, New York, September 8th, 183 1. Place 
of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the 
plains via Soda Butte; arrived at Bannack, June 6th, 1862, Occupation, 
miner, farmer, and stock raiser. Last address, Livingston. 



RAVALLI COUNTY 



TAKEN from Missoula County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
of February i6th, 1893, to take effect April ist, 1893. County seat 
established at Stevensville. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4129, Political 
Code, 1895. County seat changed to Hamilton by vote of the people. 

Dudley Chase Bass, son of William Barton and Ruth (Childs) Bass; 
born at Clarendon Springs, Rutland County, Vermont, August loth, 1842. 
Place of departure for Montana, Sedalia, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains via Leavenworth, crossed Platte River at Julesburg, Pole Creek 
Cut Off, Fort Bridger, and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June 
6th, 1864. Occupation, farmer and fruit grower. Residence, Stevensville. 

William Edward Bass, son of William Barton and Ruth (Childs) 
Bass; born at Randolph, Vermont, August i6th, 1838. Place of departure 
for Montana, Sedalia, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains, via Leav- 
enworth, crossed Platte River at Julesburg, Pole Creek Cut Off, Bridger 
Pass, and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June 6th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, farmer and fruit grower. Residence, Stevensville. Member House 
of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70; Seventh Session, 187 1-2. 
Council, Ninth Session, 1876. President of the Council, Tenth Session, 
1877. Member Council, Thirteenth Session, 1883, Territorial Legislative 
Assembly. 

Mrs. W. E. Bass, nee Virginia Gibbs Emmett, daughter of Lewis 
Stephens and Mary E. (Wells) Emmett; born in Amherst County, Virginia, 
January 24th, 1841. Place of departure for Montana, Sedalia, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via Leavenworth, Julesburg, Bridger Pass, 
and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, June 6th, 1864. Residence, 
Stevensville. 

Abraham S. Blake, son of Abijah and Maria (Belding) Blake; born 
at New Haven, Addison County, Vermont, November 29th, 1837. Went 
to California in 1855 via Nicaragua. Place of departure for Montana, 
California; route traveled, via Portland and Mullan road; arrived at Fort 
Owen in November, 1861. Occupation, miner. Residence, Victor. Mem- 



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I TTr J^^'^OR, LENOX , 



MONTANA PIONEERS 217 

ber (Republican) House of Representatives, First Session, 1889-90; and 
Member of House, Second Session, 1891, State Legislative Assembly. 

Amos Buck, son of George and Susan (Shell) Buck; born at Bellevue, 
Huron County, Ohio, February 26th, 1844. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Monroe, Michigan; route traveled, St. Joseph, Missouri, South Platte, 
Cache la Poudre River, Forts Halleck and Bridger, Soda Springs, and 
Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, August 15th, 1864. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Stevensville. 

Edward Carrow, born at Louisville, Lower Canada, in 1834. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in 
1858. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

Anthony Chaffin, born near Gainesborough, Jackson County, Ten- 
nessee, January 9th, 1813. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bitter Root Valley in 1864. Occu- 
pation, fruit grower. Residence, Stevensville. 

Mrs. a. Chaffin, nee Penelope Williams. Place of departure for 
Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bitter Root 
Valley in 1864. Residence, Stevensville. 

B. S. Chaffin, son of Elijah and Eliza (Mitchell) Chaffin ; born in 
Kansas, March 3d, 1863. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bitter Root Valley in 1864. Occu- 
pation, farmer. Residence, Corvallis. Commissioner of Ravalli County. 

Elijah Chaffin, born in Jackson County, Tennessee, February iith, 
1832. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the 
plains; arrived at Bitter Root Valley in 1864. Occupation, fruit grower. 
Last address, Corvallis. Died in 1888. 

Mrs. Elijah Chaffin, nee Eliza Mitchell, daughter of Cowan and 
Ellen Mitchell. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Bitter Root Valley in 1864. Last address^ 
Corvallis. Died, February i8th, 1878. 

Newton J. Chaffin, son of Anthony and Penelope (Williams) Chaffin; 
born in Greene County, Missouri, March 8th, 1849. Place of departure 
for Montana, Fort Smith, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Bitter Root Valley in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Bitter 
Root Valley. In the battle of the Big Hole, August 9th, 1877, between 
Gen. John Gibbon and the Nez Perces Indians. 

Henry Chambers, born in Franklin County, Vermont, February 20th, 
1823. Place of departure for Montana, Pike's Peak, Colorado; route trav- 



2i8 SOCIETY OF 

eled, across the plains via Virginia Dale, Fort Bridger, Bear River, Soda 
Springs, Gibson's Ferry, and Bannack ; arrived at Virginia City, June i8th. 
1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Grantsdale. Member House ol 
Representatives, Twelfth Session, 1881, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

John Chatfield, son of Isaac and Sabrina (Beebe) Chatfield; born at 
Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio, November nth, 1825. Place of departure 
for Montana, Umatilla, Oregon, July 6th, i860; route traveled, via the old 
Mullan road; arrived at Hell Gate, July 27th, i860. Occupation, miner 
and packer. Residence, Stevensville. In employ of Maj. John Owen at 
Fort Owen in the Bitter Root Valley in i860. 

Louis Clairmont, born at Louisville, Lower Canada, in 1838. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Fort Benton in 1858. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

Oscar Clark, son of James and Harriet Clark; born at Charleston, 
Virginia, December 17th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, 
miner, lumberman, and farmer. Residence, Victor. 

Joseph Clark, son of Oscar and Amelia (Baker) Clark ; born in Kan- 
sas, November 19th, i860. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Victor. 

James O. Clark, son of Oscar and Amelia (Baker) Clark; born in 
Kansas, March i8th, 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Victor. 

MONTE Clark, native ; son of Oscar and Amelia (Baker) Clark ; born 
at Alder Gulch, December 25th, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Victor. 

R. A. Clark, son of Oscar and Amelia (Baker) Clark, born in Kansas, 
June 29th, 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Resi- 
dence, Victor. 

E. A. Davis, born at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, July 7th, i860. Place of 
departure for Montana, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 4th, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Victor. 

Napoleon DeMontier, born at Quebec, Canada, in 1840. Place of 
departure for Montana, Red River, North-West Territory ; route traveled, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 219 

across the plains via Northern Route; arrived at Fort Peck in i860. Oc- 
cupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

George W. Dobbins, born in Bourbon County, Kentucky, in 1830. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pueblo, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Hall; arrived at Fort Owen in 1862. Occupation, 
farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

Louis Dobbins, born in Illinois in 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Pueblo, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall; 
arrived at Fort Owen in 1862. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevens- 
ville. 

D. C. Elliott. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Skalkaho. Died, March 2d, 1881. 

Mrs. D. C. Elliott. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived at Virginia City, 
July loth, 1864. Last address, Skalkaho. 

Leander C. Elliott, son of D. C. Elliott. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived 
at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. Volunteer, killed in the Battle of the 
Big Hole, between Gen, John Gibbon and Nez Perces Indians, August 
9th, 1877, 

Charles Henry Flanagin, son of Brazalia and Polly (Cook) Flana- 
gin; born at Westfield, Medina County, Ohio, September 13th, 1825. Place 
of departure for Montana, Hampton, Franklin County, Iowa; route traveled, 
across the plains via North Platte and Lander Cut Off ; arrived at Ban- 
nack, August 24th, 1864, Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

Delia M, Flanagin, born in Pennsylvania in 1829, Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Hampton, Franklin County, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via North Platte and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Bannack, 
August 24th, 1864, Residence, Stevensville, 

Thomas Foley, son of Patrick and Mary (McCue) Foley; born in 
County Mayo, Ireland, December 15th, 1836. Came to the United States 
in 1846. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across 
the plains via Pike's Peak, Colorado, i860; arrived at Alder Gulch in 
1863, Occupation, farmer. Residence, Riverside. 

Samuel Ford, born in Canada, June 29th, 1834. Came to the United 
States in 1852, Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route trav- 
eled, up the Missouri River on steamer CJiippcwa (blown up in Disaster 
Bend), thence overland. See Vol. I., Contributions to Historical Society 



220 SOCIETY OF 

of Montana, page 317. Arrived at Fort Benton in 1861. Occupation, 
farmer. Last address, Florence. In employ of American Fur Company. 

Thomas Frewen, born in Ireland in 1830. Place of^eparture for Mon- 
tana, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall; arrived 
at Fort Owen in 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

LUCINDA FULKERSON, native; born at Fort Owen, February 7th, 1857. 
Last address, Victor. 

F. S. GOSS. Place of departure for Montana, Galena, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Montana in 1862. Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Florence. 

B. N. Harris, born in Woodford County, Kentucky, in 1829. Place 
of departure for Montana, Kentucky; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Owen in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last ad- 
dress, Stevensville. 

Frank B. Harris, native; born at Fort Owen, July 12th, 1862. Oc- 
cupation, farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

Thomas W. Harris, born in Woodford County, Kentucky, August 
20th, 1827. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via Fort Hall; arrived in Bitter Root Valley in 1852. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

John K. Houkes, son of Bela and Charlotte (Johnson) Houkes ; born 
in Ohio, November i8th, 1828. Went across the plains to California in 
1852. Place of departure for Montana, Lewiston, Idaho; route traveled, 
across the mountains via the Mullan road via Florence and Elk City; 
arrived at Hell Gate in July, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, 
Grantsdale. 

Thomas H. Irvine, son of Thomas H. and Sally (Henry) Irvine; born 
at Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky, August 19th, 1845. Place of 
departure for Montana, Buchanan County, Missouri ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Sublette's Cut Off, Ash Hollow, South Pass, and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Virginia City, September 26th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Hamilton. Sheriff of Custer County and Deputy 
United States Marshal nine years, and Sheriff of Ravalli County four 
years. 

J. M. Lafountain, born at Burlington, Vermont, in 1830. Place of 
departure for Montana, The Dalles, Oregon; route traveled, across the 
mountains via the Mullan road; arrived at Fort Owen in 1856. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

Myron M. Lockwood, son of A. P. and Sophia (Wright) Lockwood ; 
bom in St. Lawrence County, New York, January 8th, 1841. Place of 



pudUC library 

ASTOR, LENOX 



MONTANA PIONEERS 221 

departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Helena in 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, Corvallis. Volunteer, 
wounded in the Big Hole Battle, August 9th, 1877, between Gen. John 
Gibbon and the Nez Perces Indians. 

John B. Martens, born at Island of Bornholm, Denmark, October 
13th, 1832. Came to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Bannack, 
June 4th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Victor. 

J. W. McCarthy, born in Greene County, Missouri, in 1846. Place of 
departure for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
in Bitter Root Valley in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Bitter 
Root Valley. 

W. H. Nafus, son of Highland and Elizabeth Nafus; born at Elizabeth- 
town, Hardin County, Kentucky, May loth, 1840. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via South 
Platte and Soda Springs, Idaho; arrived at Alder Gulch, October loth, 1864. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

Mrs. W. H. Nafus, 7ice Cornelia Woods, daughter of Patrick and 
Elizabeth Woods; born in Missouri, September 28th, 1840. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains 
via South Platte and Soda Springs, Idaho ; arrived at Alder Gulch, October 
lOth, 1864. Residence, Stevensville. 

Robert Nelson, son of Joseph and Julia (Anderson) Nelson; born at 
Wapella, DeWitt County, Illinois, March 4th, 1834. Place of departure for 
Montana, DeWitt County, Illinois; route traveled, via Omaha, Nebraska, up 
North Platte, Lander Cut Off, crossed the Snake River ten miles above 
Fort Hall, thence Emigrant road; arrived at Gold Creek, August 14th, 1862. 
Occupation, miner and farmer. Residence, Hamilton. 

Robert W. Nicol, son of Robert and Amelia (Stockman) Nicol ; born 
at Dearborn, Wayne County, Michigan, March 4th, 1847. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Fort Collins, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains 
via Cherokee trail; arrived at Virginia City, July loth, 1864. Occupation, 
fruit raiser. Last address, Hamilton. 

David Pettie, arrived at Fort Owen in 1858. Occupation, millwright. 
Last address, Tacoma, Washington. 

John C. Rainsford, son of John and Rose (Canavan) Rainsford ; born 
at Dublin, Ireland, May 26th, 1837. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, Centerville, Idaho; route traveled, via Payette 
River, Lewiston, Clearwater, Coeur d'Alene Mission, and Mullan road; ar- 



222 SOCIETY OF 

rived at Frenchtown, May 5th, 1865. Occupation, miner and clerk. Resi- 
dence, Stevensville. Acted as Chief Clerk and Acting Agent at all the 
Indian Agencies in the Territory. 

Anthony Ravalli (S. J.), born at Ferrara, Italy, May i6th, 1812. 
Came to the United States in 1843. Place of departure for Montana,. 
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho; route traveled, across the mountains; arrived at St. 
Mary's Mission (Flathead), in 1845, ^^i^ ^^ St. Ignatius Mission in 1863. 
Calling, Priest. Last address, Bitter Root Valley. Died, October 2d, 1884. 

John S. Robertson, son of James and Ellen (Neece) Robertson; born 
in Henry County, Tennessee, September 25th, 1839. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake 
City and old stage road; arrived at Virginia City, April 20th, 1864. Occu- 
pation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Stevensville. Commissioner 
of Missoula County. 

Benjamin Franklin See, son of George and Melinda (Garner) See; 
born in Marion County, Missouri, November 22d, 1829. Went across 
the plains to California in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Macon 
County, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains, north of the Platte 
River, Lander Cut Off, and Snake River; arrived at Virginia City, August 
20th, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Grantsdale. 

Frank See, Jr., son of Frank and Margaret (Jones) See; born in 
Missouri, April 6th, 1864. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Salisbury, mouth of Big Hole 
River in 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Skalkaho. 

Mrs. F. See, rice Margaret Jones, daughter of Calvin G. and Eliza 
Jones; born in Missouri. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Salisbury, mouth of Big Hole 
River in 1864. Last address, Skalkaho. 

John A, Slack, son of Andrew and Margaret Slack ; born at Baltimore, 
Maryland. July 5th, 1835. Went to California via Isthmus of Panama 
in 185 1. Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, via 
Oregon, 1856; British Columbia, 1858; Idaho, 1861, and across the Coeur 
d'Alene and Bitter Root Mountains; arrived at Big Hole Basin, August 
1st, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Corvallis. 

Mrs. J. A. Slack, nee Mary Chaffin, daughter of Balaam and Nancy 
Chaffin ; arrived in Montana in 1864. Last address, Corvallis. 

William N. Smith, son of Isaac and Mary Smith; born at Paris Hill, 
Oneida County, New York, September 19th, 1833. Place of departure 
for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Pike's Peak, Colorado, 1859, ^ort Bridger, Lemhi, and Florence; arrived 



MONTANA PIONEERS 223 

at Big Hole Basin in July, 1862. Occupation, farmer. Last address, 
Stevensville, Died, April i8th, 1890. 

John J. Sullivan, born in County Cork, Ireland, in 1840. Came to 
the United States in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, 
miner and farmer. Last address, Skalkaho. 

Frederick Trautman, bom at Strasburg, Germany, January 29th, 
1829. Came to the United States in 1855. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri River, in em. 
ploy of the American Fur Company; arrived at Fort Benton in 1856. 
Occupation, farmer. Last address, Florence. 

B. F. Tudor, born in Madison County, Kentucky, May 2d, 1828. Place 
of departure for Montana, Calaveras County, California; route traveled, 
overland; arrived at Bannack, June loth, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Victor. 

A. W. VoGT,born in Bavaria, Germany, October 26th, 1832. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route trav- 
eled across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
June 20th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Sula, Ross' Hole. 

George W. Wade, born in Medina County, Ohio, June 28th, 1835. 
Place of departure for Montana, The Dalles, Oregon ; route traveled, over 
the mountains via the Mullan road ; arrived at Fort Owen, July loth, 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

David Whaley, son of Peter and Hannah E. Whaley; born in Minne- 
sota in 1861. Place of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall; arrived at Bannack in 
1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 

Hannah E. Whaley, born at Fairview, Ohio, in 1836. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Central City, Colorado ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Fort Hall; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Last address, Stevens- 
ville. 

Julia Whaley, daughter of Peter and Hannah E. Whaley ; born at 
Central City, Colorado, in 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Central 
City, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall; arrived 
at Bannack in 1863. Residence, Stevensville. 

Peter Whaley, born in County Carlow, Ireland, in 1828. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Central City, Colorado ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Fort Hall; arrived at Bannack in 
May, 1863. Occupation, farmer. Residence, Stevensville. 



224 SOCIETY OF 

Addison Wolfe, arrived in Montana, May 7th, 1863. Residence, 
Corvallis. 

Van R. Woodmancy, born at Syracuse, New York, August 4th, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver. Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Fort Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, July 
3d, 1863. Occupation, miner and farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

Mrs. S. D. Woodmancy, born at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, August 13th, 
1836. Place of departure for Montana, Mount Pleasant, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 4th. 1864. Last address, Victor. 

Edwin P. Woods, son of Patrick and Eliza Woods; born in Missouri, 
September 30th, 1844. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, Sep- 
tember 5th, 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Stevensville. 
Member House of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1899, State Legislative 
Assembly. 

George M. Woods, son of Patrick and Eliza Woods; born at St. 
Joseph, Missouri, December 25th, 1854. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in 
1864. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Stevensville. 

John J. Woods, son of Patrick and Elizabeth Woods; born in Missouri, 
February 9th, 1847. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri ; route traveled, across the plains via South Platte and Soda Springs, 
Idaho; arrived in Montana, October loth, 1864. Occupation, sheep raiser. 
Residence, Florence. 

P. R. Young, son of Phinias and Sarah Young; born in Vermont, 
December 2d, 1817. Went to California via the Isthmus of Panama in 
1850. Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, across 
the mountains via Elk City, Idaho; arrived in Bitter Root Valley in De- 
cember, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Corvallis. 



TIL 




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— i^ 



JEFFERSON 



MONTANA PIONEERS 225 

SILVER BOW COUNTY 



TAKEN from Deer Lodge County. Created and boundaries defined by- 
Act of February i6th, 1881, to take effect May ist, 1881. County 
seat established at Butte City. Boundaries defined by Act of March 7th, 
1883. Boundaries defined by Sec. 741, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 
1887, page 838. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4118, Political Code, 1895. 

Henry Addoms, son of Henry and Margaret Jane Addoms ; born in 
Clay County, Missouri, October ist, 1842. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Atchison, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains via Julesburg, Fort 
Laramie, and Salt Lake City; arrived at Virginia City, June 20th, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. 

Edward Dorr Aiken, son of Edward and Philinda (Stiles) Aiken ; 
born at Grafton, Windham County, Vermont, July 6th, 1838, Place of 
departure for Montana, Des Moines, Iowa ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Forts Kearney and Laramie, Lander Cut Off, Platte River, 
Black Hills, and Sweetwater River; arrived at Virginia City, August 28th, 
1864. Occupation, prospector, miner, and foundryman. Residence, Butte 
City. Member of House of Representatives, Seventh Session, 1871-2, 
Eighth (extraordinary) Session, 1873; Eighth Regular Session, 1874, and 
Twelfth Session, 1881, Territorial Legislative Assembly, and delegate from 
the Twenty-Fourth District, Silver Bow County, to the State Constitutional 
Convention, 1889. 

Mrs. E. D. Aiken, nee Ada Rodgers, daughter of William Harrison 
and Jane (Logan) Rodgers; born at Savannah, Andrew County, Missouri, 
October 26th, 1847. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska City, 
Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains via Sublette's Cut Off; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, September loth, 1864. Residence, Butte City. 

J. W. Baker, born in Whiteside County, Illinois, April 30th, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte 
City. 

William Franklin Bartlett, son of William and Stata Bartlett ; 
born at Cortland, Cortland County, New York, June 6th, 1823. Place of 
departure for Montana, Minneapolis, Minnesota; route traveled, across the 
plains via Northern Route, with Capt. James L. Fisk's Expedition ; arrived 
at Prickly Pear, September 19th, 1862. Occupation, collector; was with 
the Diamond R. Co. in early days. Residence, Butte City. 

Jacob Bauer, born at Wurtemberg, Germany, May i8th, 1824. Came 
to the United States in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; 

M. P.— 15 



226 SOCIETY OF 

route traveled, across the plains via Colorado and Bridger Route ; ar- 
rived at Alder Gulch, June 8th, 1864. Occupation, miner and hotel pro- 
prietor. Last address, Butte City. 

Mrs. J. Bauer, nee Johanna D. Myer, born at Wurtemberg, Ger- 
many, in 1833. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route 
traveled, across the plains via Green River; arrived in Montana, June 8th, 
1864. Last address, Rocker. 

Elijah S. Baxter, born in Alleghany County, Pennsylvania, April 
2d, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Colorado, 1859, ^^<^ Pike's Peak; arrived at Nevada City, 
Alder Gulch, in 1864. Occupation, miner and freighter. Last address, 
Butte City. 

George W. Beal, born in Harrison County, Ohio, in 1828. Place of 
departure for Montana, Ohio; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Alder Gulch, July 30th, 1864. Profession, physician. Residence, Butte 
City. 

Mrs. G. W. Beal, nee S. J. Townsend, born in Ohio. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Ohio ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at 
Alder Gulch in July, 1864. Last address, Butte City. 

JOSIAH F. Beck, son of William and Elizabeth Beck ; born at Indiana, 
Indiana County, Pennsylvania, December i6th, 1834. Went to Pike's 
Peak, Colorado, in 1861. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colo- 
rado ; route traveled, across the plains by stage via Salt Lake City, Utah, 
and Bannack ; arrived at Virginia City, June nth, 1864. Occupation, 
miner and real estate dealer. Residence, Butte City. / 

F. A. Blackburn. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 5th, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. 

O. L. Blaine, born in Ohio. Place of departure for Montana, Ohio ; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City in July, 1864. y 
Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte City. Deceased. 

James Richard Boyce, Sr., son of Richard and Mary Childs (Smith) 
Boyce; born in Logan County, Kentucky, October nth, 18 17. Place of 
departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Denver, Colorado; arrived at Virginia City, June 14th, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Last address, Butte City. Speaker of House of 
Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 
Died, April 23d, 1898. 

Joseph Aloysius Browne, son of Michael and Elizabeth (Doherty) 
Browne; born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, August 1st, 1831. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 227 

Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Salt Lake City, Utah; arrived in Beaverhead County, July 
24th, 1862. Occupation, farmer and stock raiser. Residence, Melrose. 
Member House of Representatives, Sixth Session, 1869-70; Eighth (extra) 
Session, 1873; Regular Session, 1874, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 
Member Constitutional Convention, 1884. 

Mrs. M. B. Brownlee, nee Belle Forbls, daughter of Jonathan 
Franklin and America A. (Perrin) Forbis. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Atchison, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via the South 
and North Platte, Bear River, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, September 27th, 1864. Residence, Spokane, Washington. 

Darwin C. Butler, arrived in Montana, August 14th, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, Butte City. 

Harwood Butler, son of James and Erispa (Morgan) Butler; born in 
Vermont, November 22d, 1818. Place of departure for Montana, Wiscon- 
sin; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1863; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in September, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte City. 

John Caplice, son of Thomas and Mary Augusta (Mulcahy) Caplice ; 
born in County Tipperary, Ireland, in 1830. Came to the United States 
in 1848. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado ; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
September 20th, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Butte City. 
Member of the Constitutional Convention of 1866; Commissioner of 
Missoula, Deer Lodge, and Silver Bow Counties. 

Joseph K. Clark, son of John and Mary (Andrews) Clark; born at 
Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, February 2d, 1842. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Green River; arrived at Virginia City, November 3d, 1864. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Butte City. Member (Democratic) House of 
Representatives, First Session, 1889-90, and Second Session, 1891, State 
Legislative Assembly. 

William Andrews Clark, son of John and Mary (Andrews) Clark ; 
born near Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, January 8th, 1839. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains via Laramie Plains, Green River, Fort Bridger, Bear River, 
Soda Springs, old Fort Hall, Pleasant Valley, and Red Rock; arrived at 
Bannack, July 7th, 1863. Occupation, smelter, railway owner, banker, and 
beet sugar and wire manufacturer. Residence, Butte City. President of 
Constitutional Conventions, 1884 and 1889. President Society of Montana 
Pioneers, 1890-1. United States Senator, 1899. 



228 SOCIETY OF 

W. G. Cole, born at London, England, April 29th, 1842. Came to 
the United States in 1863; route traveled, across the plains via Nevada, 
1863; arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, engineer. Last address, 
Butte City. 

J. M. CoLSON, son of A. and M. S. Colson ; born in Madison County, 
New York, January loth, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City (Idaho), now 
Montana, in 1863. Occupation, farmer. Last address, Camas, Idaho. 

Patrick Conlon, arrived in Montana, July 4th, 1864. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

Andrew V. Corrv, born at Newport, Charles County, Maryland, Sep- 
tember 23d, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains; arrived at Bannack in June, 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Butte City. 

Francis Egbert Curtis, son of Joshua C. and Catherine (Smith) Curtis; 
born at De Ruyter, Madison County, New York, January 25th, 1833, 
Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route traveled, across 
the plains north of Devil's Lake to Red River, via Fort Benton and Deer 
Lodge; arrived at Grasshopper Creek, September 26th, 1862. Occupation, 
stockman and ranchman. Residence, Butte City. 

Mrs. F. E. Curtis, ncc Emma Witcomb, daughter of Vitruvius F. A. 
and Mary Ann (Turfry) Witcomb; born at London, England, December ist, 
1846. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, 
via Denver, across Laramie plains, Fort Bridger, and Soda Springs; arrived 
at Grasshopper Creek, September 26th, 1862. Residence, Butte City. 

Andrew Jackson Davis, son of Asa Davis; born at Wilbraham, Massa- 
chusetts, April 25th, 1819. Went to California in 1853 and returned. 
Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains 
via California and Puget Sound; arrived at Bitter Root Valley in 1864, 
Occupation, miner and banker. Last address, Butte City. Deceased. 

John Decker, arrived in Montana, September ist, 1864. Last address, 
Butte City. 

Louis Demers, born in Quebec, Canada, December 20th, 1830. Came 
to the United States. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via Green River, Wyoming; arrived at Deer 
Lodge, October 15th, i860. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

David Scott Dewey, son of David and Rebecca (Dickson) Dewey; 
born at Gravel Run, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, May 30th, 1831. 
Went to Pike's Peak, Colorado, in 1861. Place of departure for Montana, 
Central City, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger 



■■^ 



PUBLIC Lli^KARY 

ASTOR, LENOX 
TILD £^ fO t3^NDATION_- 







ELIZUR BEACH 



W. Y. SIMONTON CORNELIUS HEDGES 

WILLIAM L. STEELE, President, 1896 



D. E. FOLSOM 



J. E. HALL 



ROBERT VAUGHN 



MONTANA PIONEERS 229 

and Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, Alder Gulch, November 12th, 
1863. Occupation, miner and prospector. Residence, Silver Bow. 

John Eddy, born at Cornwall, England, in April, 1838. Came to the 
United States in 1849. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, 1862; arrived at Bannack, 
April 20th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte City. 

Wesley P. Emery, born in Erie County, Pennsylvania, November 25th, 
1838. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Pike's Peak, Colorado, i860; arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte City. 

William L. Farlin, son of Joseph and Lydia (Thomas) Farlin; born 
at Cambridge, Pennsylvania, in 1838. Place of departure for Montana, 
Ottumvva, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Kearney, Greeji 
River, Fort Bridger, Snake River, and Fort Lemhi; arrived at Pioneer 
Gulch in July, 1862. Was in Yellowstone National Park in 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Butte City. 

James M. Fish, born at Sandy Hill, Washington County, New York, 
November 22d, 1837. Place of departure for Montana, New York; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route ; arrived at Virginia City, 
July I2th, 1864. Occupation, brewer. Last address, Butte City. Deceased. 

John Franklin Forbis, son of Jonathan Franklin and America Ann 
(Perrin) Forbis; born in Platte County, Missouri, February nth, 1855. 
Place of departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas; route traveled, across 
the plains via North Platte and Bear Rivers, and Lander Cut Off;. arrived 
at Virginia City, September 21st, 1864. Profession, attorney. Residence, 
Butte City. Member House of Representatives, Thirteenth Session, 1883; 
Fourteenth Session, 1885, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs. J. F. Forbis, nee America A. Perrin. Place of departure for 
Montana, Atchison, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains via the South 
and North Platte, Bear River, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City, September 27th, 1864. Residence, Butte City. 

James Wade Forbis, son of Jonathan Franklin and America Ann 
(Perrin) Forbis; born in Platte County, Missouri, March 26th, 1859. Place 
of departure for Montana, Platte County, Missouri; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, Alder Gulch, 
September 27th, 1864. Profession, attorney at law. Residence, Butte 
City. Trustee Historical Society of Montana. 

William P. Forbis, son of Jonathan F. and America A. (Perrin) For- 
bis; born in Platte County, Missouri. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Alder Gulch, Sep- 
tember 27th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. 



230 SOCIETY OF 

Lee Washington Foster, son of John and Marcia (Seldcrs) Foster; 
born in Venango County, Pennsylvania, October 20th, 1836. Place of 
departure for Montana, Franklin County, Pennsylvania; route traveled, 
across the plains via Pike's Peak, 1859; arrived at Virginia City, July 
18th, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Riverside, California, 

Jacob Freeman, born in Kentucky, June ist, 1845. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Kansas ; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 
1863; arrived at Iron Rod in 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Butte City. 

E. M. French, born in Ontario County, New York. Place of departure 
for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at 
Deer Lodge, August 21st, 1862. Residence, Divide. 

MiLO French, son of H. F. and Rebecca (Bates) French ; born at Con- 
stantine, St. Joseph County, Michigan, June 8th, 1847. Place of departure 
for Montana, Michigan; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Vir- 
ginia City, July 29th, 1864. Occupation, miner and hotel proprietor. Last 
address, Butte City. 

Thomas Brownwell Gardner, son of Daniel and Prudence (Whipple) 
Gardner; born at Warehouse Point, Hartford County, Connecticut, Octo- 
ber 24th, 1824. Went across the plains to California in 1849. Place of 
departure for Montana, Lewiston, Idaho ; route traveled, via Lake Pend 
d'Oreille, military road, through Bitter Root Valley ; arrived at Bannack 
in June, 1863. Occupation, ranchman and stock raiser. Residence, Silver 
Bow. 

James Gibson, arrived in Montana, November 3d, 1863. Last address, 
Butte City. 

Eli Gregson, son of Eli and Margaret Gregson ; born near Gosport, 
Owen County, Indiana, November 22d, 1836. Place of departure for 
Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, 
September 15th, 1864. Occupation, proprietor Gregson's Springs. Last 
address, Gregson's Springs. 

George W. Gregson, son of Eli and Margaret Gregson ; born near 
Stilesville, Indiana, August 22d, 1841. Place of departure for Montana, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, Septem- 
ber 15th, 1864. Occupation, proprietor Gregson's Springs. Last address, 
Gregson's Springs. 

A. J. Grubbe, arrived in Montana in 1864. Last address, Butte City. 

William Hamilton, born in Scotland, June 12th, 1838. Came to 
the United States in 1851. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin; 



MONTANA PIONEERS 231 

route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occu- 
pation, miner, shoemaker, and ranchman. Last address, Butte City. 

T. W, Hardwick, born in Carroll County, Missouri, January 25th, 
1844. Went to California in 1850. Place of departure for Montana, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, Novem- 
ber 1 2th, 1864. Occupation,' trader and stock dealer. Last address, Butte 
City. 

Thomas B. Harper, arrived in Montana, March 15th, 1864. Last ad- 
dress, Butte City. 

Fayette Harrington, son of Henry Mo Harrington; born at Ouincy, 
Illinois, January 7th, 1 843. Place of departure for Montana, Sparta, Wis- 
consin ; route traveled, via Hannibal, St. Joseph, and Mississippi River, and 
across the plains via Platte River, Lander Cut Off, and South Pass; ar- 
rived at Virginia City, September 9th, 1864. Occupation, banker. Resi- 
dence, Butte City. Member (Republican) House of Representatives, First 
Session, 1889-90; Second Session, 1891, State Legislative Assembly. 

Barnaby Harris. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 5th, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. 

D. L. Harris, born at Dayton, Ohio, December 15th, 1829. Went 
to California in 1853. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Colorado, 1853, Nez Perces Mines, and Lewis- 
ton, Idaho; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last 
address, Butte City. 

John Hausworth, born at Saanen, Bern, Switzerland, December 28th, 
1829. Came to the United States in 1857. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in 1864. Occupation, merchant and miner. Last address, Butte City. 
Died, December 27th, 1884. 

George S. Holbrook, born in McHenry County, Illinois, January 
6th, 1846. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch in the fall of 1864. Occupation, car- 
penter. Residence, Butte City. 

George W. Howe, arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, miner 
and ranchman. Last address, Butte City. 

Richard Hughes, born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1821. Came 
to the United States in 1848. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off and Powder River; 
arrived at Virginia City, August 12th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last ad- 
dress, Butte City. Died, March 25th, 1894. 



232 SOCIETY OF 

Silvan Hughes, son of Richard and Mary (Shilley) Hughes; born in 
Columbia County, New York, November 25th, 1854. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off 
and Powder River; arrived at Virginia City, August I2th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. Residence, Butte City. Member (Democratic) House of 
Representatives, First Session, 1889-90; Second Session, 1891, State Legisla- 
tive Assembly. 

W. H. Hume. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 5th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. 

G. O. Humphrey, born in Todd County, Kentucky, January 24th, 1833. 
Place of departure for Montana, California; route traveled, overland via 
Oregon and Idaho; arrived in Bitter Root VfJley in 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Last address, Butte City. Deceased. 

George W. Irvin, son of John B. and Ellen M. Irvin; born at Chicago, 
Illinois, February 22d, 1844. Place of departure for Montana, St. Joseph, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains •z'm Fort Kearney, North Platte 
and Powder Rivers, across Big Horn Mountains; arrived at Virginia City, 
August 22d, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. Recording 
Secretary, Society of Montana Pioneers, 1884-5. State Mineral Land Com- 
missionen United States Marshal. Postmaster, Butte City. 

Caleb E. Irvine, born in Robertson County, Tennessee, September 4th, 
1825. Place of departure for Montana, Oregon ; route traveled, across the 
mountains; arrived in Bitter Root Valley, November 7th, 185 1. Last ad- 
dress, Butte City. Member Constitutional Convention, 1866. Deceased. 

Ella Irvine, daughter of Edwin Hart and Anna Eliza (Forbis) Irvine; 
born in Missouri. Place of departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains via Platte River; arrived at Virginia City, Sep- 
tember i6th, 1864. Residence, Butte City. 

Forbis Irvine, son of Edwin Hart and Anna Eliza (Forbis) Irvine; born 
at Atchison, Kansas. PLace of departure for Montana, Atchison, Kansas; 
route traveled, across the plains via Platte River; arrived at Virginia City, 
September i6th, 1864. Occupation, broker. Residence. Butte City. 

Wesley W. Jones, son of Justice B. and Ruth B. Jones; born at 
Rochester, New York, April 25th, 1841. Place of departure for Montana, 
New York; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia City, 
June 14th, 1864. Occupation, miner and clerk. Last address, Butte City. 

Silas F. King, arrived in Montana, May 24th, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. Residence, Butte City. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 233 

R. C. Knox, born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, March nth, 
18230 Place of departure for Montana, St. Paul, Minnesota; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Northern Route with the Fisk Expedition; 
arrived at Fort Benton, September 6th, 1862. Last address, Butte City. 
Deceased. 

Narcisse Ladoux, son of Baptist and Bridget (Marseille) Ladoux ; 
born at San Martin, Canada East, January loth, 1833. Came to the United 
States. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado, April 7th, 
1862 ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Lemhi and Pend d'Oreille 
Mission; arrived at Bannack, September 15th, 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Melrose. 

Erasmus Darwin Leavitt, son of Doctor and Frances Mary (Powers) 
Leavitt ; born at Grantham, New Hampshire. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana. Cambridge, Massachusetts ; route traveled, across the plains via Pike's 
Peak; arrived at Bannack in July, 1862. Profession, physician. Resi- 
dence, Butte City. Republican Candidate for Delegate to Congress, 1876. 

George W. Lovell, arrived in Montana, June 24th, 1863. Last ad- 
dress, Butte Cityo 

Louis R. Maillet, born in Canada in 1834. Came to the United 
States in 1847. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains via Salt Lake, 1850, Oregon, 1854, and 
across the mountains; arrived in Bitter Root Valley in 1857. Occupation, 
merchant. Last address, Butte City. Member Council, Eighth Session 
1874, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Active member Historical Society 
of Montana. 

A. A. Mayfield, arrived in Montana in 1864. Residence, Butte City. 

Jefferson McCauley, son of David and Mary (Eaton) McCauley; 
born at Venango, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, February loth, 1843. 
Place of departure for Montana, Pennsylvania; route traveled, across the 
plains via St. Joseph and the Big Horn and Yellowstone Rivers; arrived 
at Alder Gulch in 1864. Occupation, blacksmith and stock raiser. Last 
address, Melrose. 

John McCune, born in Canada in 1830. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort Bridger; arrived 
at Alder Gulch, March 28th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte 
City. 

Ronald McDonald, born in Canada in 1822. Place of departure for 
Montana, Victoria, British Columbia; route traveled, via Powder River, 
Oregon, and Payette River, Idaho; arrived at Virginia City in October, 1864. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. 



234 SOCIETY OF 

James McGovern, born in New York, March 6th, 1842. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, New York ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived 
in Montana in 1862. Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. 

Peter McMahON, born in County Clare, Ireland, June 29th, 1833. 
Came to the United States in 1844. Route traveled, across the plains %na 
Pike's Peak, Colorado, 1859; arrived at Bannack in 1863. Occupation, 
miner. Last address. Silver Bow. 

William J. McNamara, son of Peter and Bridget (Quinlin) McNamara; 
born at Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, March 4th, 1842. Place of departure- 
for Montana, Cascade, Dubuque- County, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Powder and Big Horn Rivers and Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at 
Virginia City, August 20th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte 
City. Died in July, 1896. 

David Meikeljohn, bom in Scotland, February 29th, 1848. Went 
across the plains to the Willamette Valley, Oregon, in 1855. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Utah, 
1861, thence, with Peabody's Express; arrived at Bannack, March iith, 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. Deputy United States Mar- 
shal. 

JosiAH M. Merrill, arrived in Montana in 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Butte City. 

John L. Morris, son of Joachim and Esther (Schlesinger) Morris; born 
at Kempen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia, in 1835. Came to the United States 
in 1853. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, 
across the plains via Lander Cut Off and Soda Springs ; arrived at Virginia 
City in October, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

Thomas B. Mulvaney, son of William P. and Dorothy Mulvaney; born 
at Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois, June nth, 1836. Place of departure for 
Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River to Fort 
Benton; arrived at Bannack, June 12th, 1863. Occupation, blacksmith and 
wheelwright. Residence, Butte City. 

E. L. Newell, arrived at Deer Lodge in 1864. Occupation, miller and 
carpenter. Last address, Butte City. 

George W. Newkirk, born at Kingston, New York. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Wisconsin; route traveled, across the plains via Council 
Bluffs and Denver; arrived at Alder Gulch, November 15th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, miner. Residence, Butte City. ' 

William Niedenhofen, born in Germany in 1835. Came to the 
United States in 1847. Place of departure for Montana, Winona, Minne- 
sota; route traveled, to Oregon via Isthmus of Panama, and across the 




JOHN C. SLOSS 
W. M. BISHOP 



W. B. S. HIGGINS 

NICKOLAS KESSLER, President, 1897 

MRS. NATHANIEL COLLINS 



WILLIAM BERKIN 

L. H. HERSHFIELD 



MONTANA PIONEERS 235 

mountains; arrived at Diamond City in 1864. Occupation, miner and mer- 
chant. Last address, Butte City. Died in 1880. 

G. R. NOYES, born at Cherryfield, Washington County, Maine, June 
8th, 1830. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route traveled, 
across the plains via Northern Route with the Fisk Expedition, 1862; 
arrived at Little Muddy Creek, August 9th, 1862. Occupation, miner and 
blacksmith. Last address, Butte City. 

Dennis O'Leary, arrived in Butte Camp in October, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, miner. 

John O'Rourke. son of Cornelius and Mary (Shea) O'Rourke; born 
in Ireland, December 27th, 1846. Came to the United States. Place of 
departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route traveled, via Bridger 
Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, June 30th, 1864. Occupation, shoe 
dealer. Residence, Butte City. 

Mrs. John O'Rourke, nee Mary Elizabeth Nason, daughter of 
Richard and Mary (Howard) Nason; born at North Platte, Lincoln County, 
Nebraska, September 25th, 1861. Place of departure for Montana, Omaha, 
Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, Octo- 
ber 3d, 1863. Residence, Butte City. 

LOREN B. Olds, born in Vermont, March i8th, 1839. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, October 21st, 1863. Occupation, 
miner and millwright. Residence, Butte City. Member of the Council, 
Sixteenth Session, 1889, Territorial; and Senate, First Session, 1889-90, 
State Legislative Assembly. 

Mrs. Rohecia Olds, born in Missouri, October 9th, 1862. Place of 
departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via 
Soda Springs; arrived at Bannack, November 5th, 1863. Last address, 
Butte City. 

Fred L. Orton, son of James C. and Paulona Orton; born at Council 
Bluffs, Iowa, in January, 1862. Place of departure for Montana, Salt Lake 
City, Utah; route traveled, overland trail; arrived at Virginia City, May 
17th, 1864. Occupation, piano dealer. Residence, Butte City. 

James C. Orton, born in New York; route traveled, across the plains 
via Utah, 1861 ; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, brickmason. 
Last address, Butte City. Deceased. 

Mrs. J. C. Orton, tiee Paulona Mounts, born in Ohio; route traveled, 
across the plains via Utah, 1861 ; arrived at Virginia City in 1864. Last 
address, Butte City. Died in August, 1882. 



236 SOCIETY OF 

L. Van Orton, son of James C. and Paulona (Mounts) Orton ; born at 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Springville, 
Utah; route traveled, overland ; arrived at Alder Gulch in August, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Last address, Butte City. 

W. C. Orton, son of James C. and Paulona (Mounts) Orton ; born at 
Springville, Utah. January 7th, 1864. Place of departure for Montana, 
Utah; route traveled, overland ; arrived at Nevada City, Alder Gulch, in 
August, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

William Owsley, born in Andrew County, Missouri, in 1842. Place 
of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains to 
Idaho, i860; arrived at Bannack Diggins, April 15th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner and liveryman. Residence, Butte City. In the stampede to Alder 
Gulch in June, 1863. Member House of Representatives, Fifth Session, 
1897, State Legislative Assembly. 

F. E. W. Patten, born in Missouri. Place of departure for Montana, 
Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Virginia 
City, August 19th, 1863. Occupation, insurance. Last address, Butte City. 
Member House of Representatives, Fourth and Extra Sessions, 1867, Ter- 
ritorial Legislative Assembly. Deceased. , 

Joseph L. Patterson. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; 
route traveled, across the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 5th, 
1864. Occupation, miner. 

William H. Patterson, son of Louis Patterson; born in St. Louis 
County, Missouri, October 4th, 1839. Place of departure for Montana, 
St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Messick's Ferry, 
Ash Hollow, and Lander Cut Off; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 5th, 
1864. Occupation, miner and merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

Robert Anthony Pelkey, Jr., son of Robert A. and Mary (Mc- 
Laughlin) Pelkey; born at Fort Colville, Washington Territory, October 
28th, 1857. Place of departure for Montana, .St. Louis, Missouri; route 
traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived at Hell Gate in October, i860. 
Occupation, printer and publisher. Residence, Butte City. 

William Young Pemberton, son of William and Martha (Brooks) 
Pemberton ; born at Nashville, Tennessee, June ist, 1842. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Alder Gulch, July 12th, 1863. Profession, lawyer. Residence, Butte 
City. Member Constitutional Conventions 1866 and 1884, Judge Second 
Judicial District. Chief Justice State Supreme Court, 1893-9. 

William G. PfOUTS, son of George and Sarah Pfouts ; born at New 
Philadelphia, Ohio, in October, 1842. Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, 1858; 



MONTANA PIONEERS 237 

arrived at Virginia City in June, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, 
Butte City. 

Charles Porter, son of Richard and Grace (Rocket) Porter. Place 
of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Denver, Colorado; arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, tanner and 
furrier. Deceased. 

Henry Porter, son of Richard and Grace (Rocket) Porter. Place of 
departure for Montana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via 
Denver, Colorado; arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, tanner and 
furrier. Deceased. 

H. H. Porter, arrived in Butte Camp in October, 1864. Occupation, 
miner. 

Thomas C. Porter, son of Richard and Grace (Rocket) Porter; born 
at London, England, February iith, 1832. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Pike's Peak and Lander Cut Off ; arrived at Alder Gulch, February 
14th, 1864. Occupation, miner. Last address, Butte City. 

Abraham Post, born in Cayuga County, New York, April 15th, 18 16. 
Place of departure for Montana, Michigan ; route traveled, across the 
plains with Bridger Train via Bridger Cut Off ; arrived at Virginia City 
in 1864. Occupation, freighter and stock raiser. Last address, Butte City. 

Frank Powers, born at Pittsfield, Somerset County, Maine, in Febru- 
ary, 1844. Place of departure for Montana, Maine; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Silver Bow in 1864. Occupation, miner, lumberman, 
and stock raiser. Last address, Butte City. 

Bennett Price, arrived in Montana, April nth, 1864. Occupation, 
merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

Henry Job Price, son of Walter and Eliza (Toosy) Price ; born at 
London, England, September loth, 1824. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across 
the plains; arrived at Alder Gulch, August 4th, 1864. Occupation, miner. 
Residence, Butte City. 

Joseph Ramsdell, son of John and Salima (Woolcut) Ramsdell ; born 
in Ottawa Count}^ Ohio, June 15th, 1824. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, 1859; 
arrived at Virginia City, November 7th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last 
address, Butte City. 

Mrs. J. Ramsdell, nee Clara Williams, daughter of Walter R. Wil- 
liams. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri ; route traveled, across 



238 SOCIETY OF 

the plains via Denver, Colorado, 1859; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. 
Last address, Butte City. 

Jacob Reding, born at Luxemburg, Belgium, in 181 7. Came to the 
United States in 1848. Place of departure for Montana, Kansas; route 
traveled, across the plains via Colorado, 1858; arrived at Alder Gulch in 
1863. Occupation, freighter and miner. Last address, Butte City. 

Robert McAdams Renshaw, son of Hosea and Nancy Renshaw; born 
at Jonesborough, Washington County, Tennessee, August 1st, 1836. Place 
of departure for Montana, Nebraska City, Nebraska; route traveled, across 
the plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, June 13th, 1864. 
Occupation, merchant. Residence, Butte City. 

Thomas M. Robbins, son of Thomas M. and Elizabeth (Hinkle) Rob- 
bins; born in Sullivan County, Indiana, April 23d, 1834. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Indiana; route traveled, across the plains in service of the 
Ben Holliday overland stage line; arrived at Bannack, June 14th, 1863. 
Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Melrose. 

Horace D. Roberts, son of Truman and Betsy Roberts; born in 
Onondaga County, New York. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1863. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Butte City. 

Mrs. H. D. Roberts, nee Jennie Morton, born in Scotland. Came 
to the United States in 1858. Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; 
route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Alder 
Gulch in 1863. Last address, Butte City. 

Mrs. J. R. Russell, nee Fannie L. Forbis, daughter of Jonathan 
Franklin and America Ann (Perrin) Forbis; born at Camden Point, Platte 
County, Missouri, November 19th, 1846, Place of departure for Montana, 
Missouri; route traveled, across the plains via Sublette's Cut Off; arrived 
at Alder Gulch, September 27th, 1864. Residence, Butte City. 

Frederick V. Scheuer, born in Germany, March loth, 1832. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Colorado; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Salmon River; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. 
Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte City. 

Stephen Schnetz, born in Switzerland, November 4th, 1837. Came to 
the United States. Place of departure for Montana, Minnesota; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Northern Route; arrived at Last Chance Gulch 
in September, 1864. Occupation, merchant. Residence, Rocker. 



MONTANA PIONEERS 239 

Alexander Scott, arrived in Butte Camp in October, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, miner. 

J. C. Singer, born in Scotland, November 22d, 1832. Came to the 
United States. Place of departure for Montana, Salt Creek Valley, Kansas, 
April 20th, 1864; route traveled, across the plains via Bridger New Route; 
arrived at Virginia City, July 31st, 1864. Occupation, carpenter. Last ad- 
dress, Butte City. Deceased. 

Lou P. Smith, born in Orleans County, New York, April, 1838. Place 
of departure for Montana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; 
arrived at Grasshopper Diggings, June 27th, 1862. Occupation, miner. 
Last address, Butte City. 

Ernest Spier, arrived in Montana, November 27th, 1864. Residence, 
Silver Bow Junction. Deceased. 

George W. Stapleton, son of Cyrus S. and Margaret (Scott) Staple- 
ton ; born in Indiana. November 28th, 1834. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains ; arrived at Grasshopper 
Creek, July loth, 1862. Occupation, miner and lawyer. Residence, Butte 
City. Member House of Representatives, Fifth Session, 1868-9; Council, 
Seventh Session, 187 1-2; President of Council, Eighth Session, 1873, and 
Extra Session, 1874, Territorial Legislative Assembly. Member Constitu- 
tional Convention, 1889, Twenty-Second District, Silver Bow County. 

John M. Steward, son of George W. and Syble (Lindley) Steward; 
born at Versailles, Morgan County, Missouri, January 3d, 1844. Place of 
departure for Montana, Omaha, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains, 
up South Platte River to North Platte, South Pass, and Lander Cut Off; 
arrived at Bannack, July 9th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Residence, Butte 
City. 

ISIDOR Strasburger, SOU of N. J. and R. Strasburger; born in Poland, 
March i6th, 1839. Came to the United States in 1857, and to Denver, 
Colorado, in 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado, 
April 4th, 1863; route traveled, via Forts Laramie and Bridger and Soda 
Springs; arrived at Bannack, July 4th, 1863. Occupation, merchant. Resi- 
dence, Butte City. 

Granville Stuart, son of Robert and Nancy Currence (Hall) Stuart; 
born at Clarksburg, Harrison County, (West) Virginia, August 27th, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Siskiyou County, California ; route traveled, 
on horseback via Humboldt River, Fort Hall, and Pleasant Valley ; arrived 
at Red Rock Divide, October loth, 1857. Occupation, miner, merchant, and 
stock grower. Residence, Butte City. Member Council, Seventh Session, 



240 SOCIETY OF 

1 87 1-2; House of Representatives, Ninth Session, 1876; Eleventh and Extra 
Sessions, 1879; President of the Council, Thirteenth Session, 1883. Presi- 
dent Society of Montana Pioneers, 1886-7. President Historical Society of 
Montana, 1890-5. United States Minister to Uruguay and Paraguay, 1894-8. 

J. T. Sullivan, born in County Cork, Ireland. Came to the United 
States in 1837. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Pioneer Gulch in 1862. Occupation, 
miner and jeweler. Last address, Butte City. 

Joseph V. Surprevant, born in Canada in 1835. Place of departure 
for Montana, Platte County, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via 
Bear River and Salt Lake; arrived in Deer Lodge Valley, June 7th, 1862. 
Occupation, blacksmith. Residence, Butte City. 

Mrs. J. A. Swift, jiee Julia A. Lethlean, born in Jo Daviess County, 
Illinois. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois ; route traveled, across the 
plains via Colorado; arrived at Virginia City, October ist, 1863. Resi- 
dence, Butte City. 

Mrs. J. A. Talbot, ncc Miss Ramsdell, daughter of Joseph and 
Clara (Williams) Ramsdell ; born in Illinois. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains via Denver, Colorado, in 
1859; arrived at Virginia City in 1863. Residence, Butte City. 

J. D. Thomas, born in South Wales, April 30th, 1830. Came to the 
United States in 1855. Place of departure for Montana, Council Bluffs, 
Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via Colorado in 1859, Fort Lara- 
mie, Big Horn, and Yellowstone Rivers, James Bridger, guide; arrived at 
Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, merchant. Last address, Butte City. 

John O. Thompson, born in Harrison County, Ohio, June 17th, 1824. 
Went across the plains to California in 1849; went East via Nicaragua, 
Central America, in 1851, and steamer to New York. Went across the 
plains to California second time in 1858. Place of departure for Montana, 
California; route traveled, overland; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1864. Oc- 
cupation, farmer. Last address, Butte City. 

Mrs. J. Q. Thompson, nee Martha C. Thompson, born in Iowa. 
Place of departure for Montana, Fairfield, Jefferson County, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via California in 1858; arrived at Alder Gulch 
in 1864. Last address, Butte City. 

William Thompson, born at Cobourg, Ontario, Canada, March ist, 1838. 
Place of departure for Montana, Yankton, Dakota; route traveled, across the 
plains via Lander Cut Off; arrived at Virginia City, August 28th, 1863. Occu- 
pation, merchant. Residence, Butte City. Member House of Representatives, 



MONTANA PIONEERS 241 

Fifteenth and Extra Sessions, 1887; Council, Sixteenth Session, Territorial; 
House of Representatives, First Session, 1889-90; Second Session, 189 1, 
State Legislative Assembly. 

Joseph M. Venable, born at Shelbyville, Kentucky, January 2Sth, 1843. 
Place of departure for Montana, Nebraska; route traveled, across the plains; 
arrived at Virginia City, July 8th, 1863. Occupation, miner. Last address, 
Butte City. 

Andrew J. White, son of Jacob and Clarissa White ; born at Calais, 
Washington County, Vermont, January i8th, 1832. Place of departure for 
Montana, Macomb, Illinois; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman 
Cut Off with Hurlburt's train; arrived at Virginia City, July 27th, 1864, 
Occupation, grand secretary I. O. O. F. Residence, Butte City. 

Thomas H. White, arrived in Montana, May 9th, 1864. Residence, 
Butte City. 

O'DlLLON B. Whitford, son of Augustus H. and Charlotte (Bidwell) 
Whitford ; born at Wooster, Wayne County, Ohio, November 4th, 1834. 
Place of departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado; route traveled, across 
the plains via Bridger Route, Big Horn Mountains, and Yellowstone River; 
arrived at Virginia City, July I2th, 1864. Profession, physician and sur- 
geon. Residence, Butte City. Mayor of Butte City, 1882. 

Mrs. William Woodward, jiee Margaret S. Thomas, daughter of 
William Price and Margaret (Evans) Thomas; born in Utah, July 24th, 
1859. Place of departure for Montana, Utah; route traveled, via Snake 
River; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Last address, Butte City. 

John M. Worley, born in New York in 1837. Place of departure 
for Montana, Salt Lake, Utah; route traveled, overland via Fort Bridger; 
arrived at Bannack in May, 1863. Occupation, trader and mechanic. 
Residence, Butte City, 

A. S. Wright, born in Erie County, New York, November i6th, 
1833. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the 
plains via Colorado in 1859; arrived in Montana in 1863. Occupation, 
freighter and farmer. Last address, Butte City. 

Mrs. a. S. Wright. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Colorado, 1862; arrived in Montana in 1863. 
Last address, Butte City. Died in 1869. 

W. H. Young, born in Chautauqua County, New York, May 12th, 1844. 
Place of departure for Montana, Columbia County, Wisconsin ; route trav- 
eled, across the plains via Powder River and Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at 
M. p.— 16 



242 SOCIETY OF 

Virginia City, August I2th, 1864. Occupation, miner on Bummer Dan's 
Bar. Last address, Butte City. On the Last Chance stampede in January, 
1865. 

Mrs. W. H. Young, daughter of M. P. McDonald. Place of departure 
for Montana, Kansas; route traveled, across the plains; arrived in Mon- 
tana in 1864. Residence, Butte City. 



SWEET GRASS COUNTY 



TAKEN from Park, Yellowstone, and Meagher Counties. Created and 
boundaries defined by Act of March 5th, 1895, Sec. 4134, Political 
Code, 1895. County seat established at Big Timber. 

Newton Budd, son of Joseph and Theressa (Rankin) Budd ; born at 
Sharon, Mercer County, Pennsylvania, December 13th, 1830. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Bellevue, Iowa ; route traveled across the plains via 
Omaha, up the North Platte to Red Bluffs, thence Bridger Route ; arrived 
at Virginia City, July 25th, 1864. Occupation, Hveryman. Residence, Big 
Timber. 

T. C. Burns, born in Iowa, November 27th, 1837. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa ; route traveled, across the plains via Bozeman Cut Off 
and Yellowstone River; arrived at Emigrant Gulch in August, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, ranchman and stock raiser. Residence, Big Timber. Was on the 
Tongue River Expedition from Bozeman in 1874. 

Joseph Edgar Hall, son of Frederick and Jemima Hall; born at 
Berlin, Holmes County, Ohio, July 23d, 1834. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Forts Halleck 
and Bridger, and Soda Springs on Bear River; arrived at Highland, Alder 
Gulch, about August 4th, 1864. Occupation, miner, ranchman, and mer- 
chant. Residence, Big Timber. 

Albert Stubblefield, son of James and Elvira Stubblefield ; born in 
Champaign County, Ohio, July 26th, 1837. Place of departure for Mon- 
tana, Tipton, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via South Platte River; 
arrived at Alder Gulch, June 15th, 1864. Occupation, miner and invest- 
ments. Residence, Big Timber. 




. fcnlf uf affiles. 







it^ 



:o^^ 



MONTANA PIONEERS 243 

TETON COUNTY 



TAKEN from Choteau County. Created and boundaries defined by Act 
of February 7th, 1893, to take effect March ist, 1893. County seat 
established at Choteau. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4127, Political Code, 
1895. 

Julian F. Burd, son of Myron H. and Elizabeth (Phillips) Burd ; born 
at Grand Rapids, Michigan, January i8th, 1853. Place of departure for 
Montana, Grand Rapids, Michigan; route traveled, railroad to St. Joseph, 
Missouri, south side of Platte River, Red Bluff, and joined Bridger's train 
via the Clark's Fork; arrived at Virginia City, July lOth, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, merchant. Residence, Choteau. 

Samuel Burd, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Burd ; born in New York, 
February 15th, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, Michigan; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived in Alder Gulch, July lOth, 1864. Oc- 
cupation, freighter and stock raiser. Residence, Choteau. 

Charles Chouquette, son of Henry and Rosalia (Piquette) Chou- 
quette ; born at St. Louis, Missouri, February 9th, 1823. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri 
River; arrived at Fort Benton in 1844. Occupation, blacksmith and inter- 
preter. Last address, Choteau. Mr. Chouquette was in the employ of the 
American Fur Company from 1842 till 1870. 

Mrs. Nathaniel Collins, nee Elizabeth M. Smith, daughter of 
Solomon and Elizabeth (Wood) Smith; born at Rockford, Illinois, May 
1 6th, 1844. Place of departure for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across 
the plains via Denver, 1859, and the Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Virginia 
City in November, 1863. Occupation, miner and stock raiser. Residence, 
Choteau. 

Milton D. Cooper, born in Pennsylvania in 1842. Place of departure 
for Montana, Iowa; route traveled, across the plains via the Bozeman 
trail; arrived at Alder Gulch, September 4th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Choteau. 

Mrs. Dawson, nee Isabel Clarke, daughter of Malcolm and Coth- 
cocomii Clarke; born in Montana in 1862. Residence, Browning. 

Alfred B. Hamilton, son of James H. and Grace (Baker) Hamil- 
ton; born at New Haven, Connecticut, September 2d, 1839. Place of 
departure for Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains 



244 SOCIETY OF 

via Forts Halleck and Bridger; arrived at Virginia City, August 20th, 
1863. Occupation, stockman. Residence, Browning. 

Joseph Howard. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; arrived in Montana in 185 1. 
Occupation, farmer. Residence, Choteau. Mr, Howard was with the Amer- 
ican Fur Company from 1851 till 186/0 

Henry Atkinson Kennerly, son of George Hancock and Alzier M. 
Kennerly; born at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis County, Missouri, Decem- 
ber 2d, 1835. Place of departure for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri; route 
traveled, up Missouri River to Fort Union at mouth of Yellowstone River, 
thence across country via Valley of Milk River to Fort Benton; arrived at 
Fort Benton, last of August, 1855. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Kipp. Montana, east of the mountains, was then part of the Territory of 
Nebraska, and known as " Indian Territory." Mr. Kennerly was one of the 
Secretaries of the Commissioners who concluded the treaty at the mouth 
of the Judith with several of the Northwestern tribes of Indians in October, 
1855. Member House of Representatives, Fourth and Extra Sessions, 1867, 
Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

Joseph Kipp, born on Heart River, Dakota, November 29th, 1849. Place 
of departure for Montana, Dakota; route traveled, up the Missouri River; 
arrived in northern Montana in 1859. Occupation, ranchman and stock 
raiser. Residence, Dupuyer, Mr. Kipp was at Fort Union near the Mon- 
tana line in 1857, and with the American Fur Company at Fort Benton 
from 1862 till 1864. He was at the Fort Baker massacre. 

Samuel F. Ralston, son of Matthew and Hannah (Conyers) Ralston; 
born in Hart County, Kentucky, January 31st, 1835. Place of departure for 
Montana, Denver, Colorado ; route traveled, across the plains via Fort 
Bridger and Soda Springs; arrived in Montana, July 4th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, miner and ranchman. Last address, Choteau. Member House of Rep- 
resentatives, Seventh Session, 187 1—2, Territorial Legislative Assembly. 

William R. Ralston, born in Jefferson County, Missouri, September 
lOth, 1858. Place of departure for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, 
across the plains via South Platte, the Cherokee trail, Fort Bridger, and 
Soda Springs; arrived at Virginia City, July 4th, 1864. Occupation, farmer. 
Residence, Choteau. 

George Steele, son of William H. and Nancy (Simpson) Steell ; born 
at Hinchinbrook, Lower Canada, January 15th, 1837. Place of departure 
for Montana, St. Louis, Missouri ; route traveled, up the Missouri River ; 



^He N 



r. 



FERGUS 




MONTANA PIONEERS 245 

arrived at Fort Benton, August i8th, 1857. Occupation, ranchman and 
stock raiser. Residence, Dupuyer. One of the proprietors of the Diamond 
R. freight line. 

Francois Truchott, son of Herbert and Ann Truchott; born in France, 
November 21st, 1833. Came to the United States. Place of departure for 
Montana, Utah ; route traveled, overland via Malad Valley; arrived at Deer 
Lodge Valley in 1859. Occupation, trapper. Residence, Choteau. 

John Wren, son of James and Mary Wren ; born in Lancaster County, 
Pennsylvania, December 27th, 1824. Place of departure for Montana, St. 
Louis, Missouri; route traveled, up the Missouri River; in the employ of 
the American Fur Company as trader; arrived in Montana in 1857. Oc- 
cupation, miner and ranchman. Last address, Choteau. Mr. Wren was on 
the Frazer River stampede in 1859, and on Oro Fino stampede in 1861. 



VALLEY COUNTY 



Taken from Dawson County. Created and boundaries defined by Act of 
February 6th, 1893, to take effect March ist, 1893. County seat 
established at Glasgow. Boundaries defined by Sec. 4125, Political Code, 
1895. - 



VIVION COUNTY 



CREATED as Muscleshell County, and boundaries defined by Act of 
April loth, 1866. Name changed by Act of November 21st, 1866. 
County seat established at Smithton. Laws of above sessions annulled by 
Act of Congress, approved March 2d, 1867. This County embraced por- 
tions of the Counties of Fergus and Meagher as defined at the present 
time. 



246 SOCIETY OF 



YELLOWSTONE COUNTY 



TAKEN from Custer County. Created and boundaries defined by Act of 
February 26th, 1883. United to Custer County for Judicial pur- 
poses until May ist, 1883. County seat established at Billings. Bound- 
aries defined by Sec. 742, Fifth Division, Compiled Statutes, 1887, page 
839. Boundaries defined by Sec. 41 19, Political Code, 1895. Boundaries 
changed by Act of March 5th, 1897. 

John J, Alderson. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains via Bridger Route and Wind and Yellowstone 
Rivers; arrived in Gallatin Valley in July, 1864. Occupation, farmer. Last 
address, Billings. 

J. Isaac Allen, born at Buffalo, New York, in 1845. Place of departure 
for Montana, Buffalo, New York; route traveled, up the Missouri River on 
steamer Spread Eagle, in employ of the American Fur Company ; arrived at 
Fort Benton, June 20th, 1862. Occupation, interpreter, guide, and trader. 
Last address, Columbus. 

George E. Breckenridge, born in Canada. Came to the United States. 
Place of departure for Montana, Wisconsin ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Colorado, 1859; arrived at Alder Gulch in 1863. Occupation, freighter 
and contractor. Last address, Billings. 

Joseph M. V. Cochran, son of Henry M, and Elizabeth W. Cochran; 
born in DeKalb County, Missouri, September 15th, 1847. Place of depart- 
ure for Montana, Platte County, Missouri ; route traveled, across the plains 
via Plattsmouth, Nebraska, south of Platte River, Julesburg crossing. Lodge 
Pole Creek Route, Soda Springs, near Fort Hall, and Pleasant Valley; arrived 
at Virginia City in September, 1864. Occupation, ranchman. Residence, 
Billings. 

Aaron T. Ford, son of Seth and Abigail Ford ; born at Milo, Piscata- 
quis County, Maine, April 6th, 1834. Place of departure for Montana, 
Medicine Lake, Minnesota; route traveled, across the plains via Omaha, 
Nebraska, North Platte River, Lander Cut Off, and Old Fort Hall ; arrived 
at Bannack (lived on Yankee Flat), August 28th, 1862. Occupation, miner 
and farmer. Residence, Billings. 

WlLLL\M Thomas Hamilton, son of Alexander and Margaret Ham- 
ilton; born in North of England, December 6th, 1822. Came to the 
United States. Went across the plains to California in 1849. Place of 



SWEETGRASS 



n 
> 

n 




u 



P3 



R 



3s«i^ 



SOCIETY OF MONTANA PIONEERS , 247 

departure for Montana, Walla Walla, Washington Territory; route trav- 
eled, across the mountains ; arrived at Fort Owen, Bitter Root Valley, in 
September, 1858. Occupation, Indian trader and trapper. Went from 
California to Oregon and Washington at the close of the Spokane and 
Yakama Wars. Resided many years on Rattlesnake Creek, Missoula 
County. Employed by the Government to visit various Indian tribes and 
report their condition. Present residence, Columbus. 

Olaf Lafverson, born near Solvesberg, Sweden, in 1829. Came to 
the United States in 1853. Place of departure for Montana, Illinois; route 
traveled, across the plains; arrived at Boulder Valley in 1864. Occupa- 
tion, farmer. Last address, Columbus. 

Orson Nickison Newman, son of Joel and Hannah (Lyon) Newman ; 
born in Township of Barre, Orleans County, New York, February 15th, 
1830. Place of departure for Montana, Blue Rapids, Kansas; route traveled, 
across the plains via Platte River Route, and across the plains to Denver, 
Colorado, Camp Collins, South Pass, Bridger Cut Off, and Eagle Rock; 
arrived at. Bannack, Grasshopper Creek, July 3d, 1863. Occupation, miner 
and farmer. Residence, Billings. 

R. W. Peters, born in Tennessee, November i8th, 1849. Place of de- 
parture for Montana, Missouri; route traveled, across the plains; arrived 
at Virginia City in 1864. Occupation, stock raiser. Residence, Billings. 

Edmund O. Railsback, son of Mahlon and Martha A. Railsback ; born, 
February 6th, 1859. Place of departure for Montana, Eldon, Iowa; route 
traveled, across the plains via old Emigrant Route, via the North Platte 
and Bozeman Cut Off; arrived at Bozeman, August 19th, 1864. Occupa- 
tion, wool and live stock broker. Residence, Billings. 

John M. Wood, arrived at Bannack, April 17th, 1863. Occupation, 
miner and farmer. Last address. Roundup. 




mi 




JAMES KING 



LIEUT. WILL CAVE 



MRS. C. P. VANWART 

HENRY ELLING, President, 1898 

A. T. FORD 



JOHN BIELENBERG 



J. X. BEIDLER 



TK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



^c-rr^r^ T "'"''-'OX 
TILDi TIONS 



RECAPITULATION 



County 


> 

H 
U 

< 




Q 
W 

< 

a 
u 

w 

Q 


►J 

< 

o 


Beaverhead 


85 

56 

2 

28 

25 

11 

2 

161 

19 

3 

203 
18 
69 

234 

257 
21 
43 
20 
66 

127 

4 

15 

11 


5 
1 

4 

2 

1 
1 
28 
8 
2 

1 

1 
2 


19 
3 

4 
6 
1 

18 
1 

34 
3 

16 
72 
50 

1 
17 

2 

6 
19 


109 

59 

2 

33 

31 

12 

2 

183 

20 

3 

239 
22 
86 

334 

315 
24 
61 
22 
73 

148 

4 

15 

11 


Broadwater 


Carbon 


Cascade 


Choteau 


Custer 

Dawson 


Deer Lodge 


Fergus 


Flathead 


Gallatin 


Granite. 


Jefferson 


Lewis and Clarke 


Madison 


Meagher 


Missoula 


Park 


Ravalli 


Silver Bow 


Sweet Grass 


Teton 


Valley 


Yellowstone 




Resident 


1480 
56 


56 


272 


1808 


Non-Resident 


Total Membership 


1536 



(249) 



GENERAL INDEX 



Adams, George, 70. 

Adams, J. A., 172. 

Adams, J. C, 62. 

Adams, Thomas, 73. 

Addoms, Mrs. C, 130. 

Addoms Henry, 225. 

Agnew, O. P., 73- 

Aiken, E. D., 225. 

Aiken, Mrs. E. D., 225. 

Akin, Jarvis, 95. 

Alden, I. R., 130. 

Alderson, J. J., 246. 

Alderson, W. W., xx, xxiii, xxv, 

xxvi, xxviii, 95. 
Alfieldt, Edmund, 73. 
Allbright, Mrs. F. E., 172. 
Allen, A. T., 130. 
Allen, D. M., 213. 
Allen, G. J., 213. 
Allen, J. I., xxii, 246. 
Allen, Levi, 131. 
Allen, Mrs. Lydia, 95. 
Allen, Mrs. Martha, 72. 
Allen, Mrs. O. L., 131. 
Allen, William, 92. 
Allen, W. H., 131. 
Allen, W. N., 73. 
Allport, J. D., 122. 
Alston, E. D., 95. 
Anceny, Charles, 95. 
Anderson, John, 206. 
Anderson, J. M., 131. 
Anderson, Rezin, xxiv, xxvi, 92. 
Anderson, Samuel, 203. 
Annis, Horace, 96. 
Annis, Mrs. H., 96. 
Anthony, L. C, 131. 
Aplin, James, 96. 
Armitage, Joshua, xix, 131 
Armitage, J. A., 131. 
Armitage, W. A., 45. 
Armstrong, Noah, 172. 
Arnold, W. H., 96. 
Arnold, W. W., 56. 
Arnoux, J. M., xx, xxi, 67. 
Arrias, Thomas, 73. 
Aspling, Thomas, 73. 
Aspling, Mrs. T., 73. 



Atchison, J. S., 131. 
Atkins, T. L., 172. 
Audiffred, Sebastian, 172. 
Ault, T. M., 67. 
Austin, C. H., 63. 
Austin, David, 206. 
Axe. A. T., 122. 
Axe, Erasmus, 122. 

B 

Babcock, A. B., 131. 
Babcock, W. H., 96. 
Badgley, Alphius, 96. 
Bailey, J. A., 122. 
Bailey, Mrs. J. A., 122. 
Bailey, J. M., 73. 
Bailey, Newton, 172. 
Bailey, W. G., 131. 
Baker, Jacob, 172. 
Baker, J. H., 172. 
Baker, J. W., 225. 
Baker, P. W., 172. 
Baker, Thomas, xxix, 172. 
Ball, E. S., xix, xxii, 45. 
Ball, Mrs. E. S., 45. 
Ballard, G. B., 119. 
Ballard, Mrs. L. E., 56. 
Ballard, W. T., 73. 
Barber, Andrew, xix, 45. 
Barker, James, 56. 
Barnes, J. P., 92. 
Barnes, Robert, 131. 
Barrett, Martin, 45. 
Barrett, W. S., 67. 
Barron, W. N., 206. 
Bartlett, W. F., 225. 
Barton, E. A., 96. 
Bartruff, J. S., 172. 
Bass, D. C., 216. 
Bass, W. E., 216. 
Bass, Mrs. W. E., 216. 
Bassford, I. F., 132. 
Batchelder, George, 45. 
Batchelder, Samuel, 45. 
Bateman, Helen, 173. 
Bateman, R. P., 173. 
Bateman, Mrs. R. P., 173. 
Bauer, Jacob, 225. 
Bauer, Mrs. J., 226. 



Baxter, E. S., 226. 

Beach, Elizur, 132. 

Beach, Mrs. E., 132. 

Beal, G. W., 226. 

Beal, Mrs. G. W., 226. 

Beall, A. D., 122. 

Beall, J. A., 122. 

Beall, J. M., 122. 

Beall, Mrs. M. M., 122. 

Beall, W. J., 96. 

Beall, Mrs. W. J., 97. 

Beatty, George, xxv, xxvi, 56. 

Beaverhead County, Map of. 

Opposite p. 45. 
Beaverhead County, Members, 

45- 

Beaverhead County Society, Offi- 
cers, xxvii. 

Beck, D. R., 73. 

Beck, J. F., 226. 

Beckhorn, G. W., Jr., 97. 

Beehrer, C. A., 173. 

Behringer, George, 97. 

Beidler, J. X., xix, xxi, xxii, 132. 

Belcher, A., 123. 

Belcher, Clara M., 123. 

Bembrick, B. F., 56. 

Benedict, Gilbert, 132. 

Benjamin, George, xxviii, 123. 

Berkin, William, xxii, 206. 

Berry, C. W., 207. 

Bess, G. B., 173. 

Bessette, Amede, 46. 

Bickett, H. G., 97. 

Bickett, Mrs. H. G., 97. 

Bickett, W. J. W., 132. 

Bickford, S. E., 173. 

Bielenberg, John, 74. 

Bill, F. R., xxiv, 74. 

Bird, J. J., 173. 

Bird, T. J., 173. 

Birdseye, C. G., 74. 

Bisel, B. F., 97. 

Bishop, J. ¥., 46. 

Bishop, W. M., 132. 

Bison, Herd of, 143. 

Black, Mrs. M. M., 213. 

Black, Samuel, 74. 

Blackburn, F. A., 226. 

Blacker, David, 132. 

(251) 



252 



GENERAL INDEX 



Blacknian, G. W., 173. 

lilacknian, Mrs. G. W'., 173. 

Blackwell, Joseph, 133. 

Blaine, O. L., 226. 

Blair, W. A., 174. 

Blake, A. S., xx, xxii, 216. 

Blakely, C. P., 97- 

Blakely, Mrs. C. P., 97- 

Blakeman, Henry, 123. 

Blivens, Charles, xxii, 46. 

Block, J. D., 174. 

Blodget, J. S., xxiv, 207. 

Boardman, M. D., 133. 

Bock, J. Daniel, 174. 

Boles, J. \V., 174. 

Bolt, John, 74. 

Boner, James, 174. 

Booker, George, 133. 

Booth, H. P., 133. " 

Borin, Louis, 46. 

Bostwick, Mrs. M. L., 97. 

Bostwick, S. A., 97. 

Bottcher, Frederick, 174. 

Boyce, J. R., Sr., xxv, 226. 

Boyd, Lockhart, 133. 

Boyer, J. J., 174. 

Boyer, W. J., 174. 

Bradley, J. M., 174. 

Bray, Cornelius, xix, 46. 

Bray, Patrick, 46. 

Breck, E. W., 133. 

Breckenridge, G. E., xxiii, 246. 

Bremer, J. H., 98. 

Bright, A. F., 123. 

Bristol, J. F.. 56. 

Broadwater, C. A., 133. 

Broadwater County, Map of. 

Opposite p. 56. 
Broadwater County, Members, 

56. 
Brock, J. W., 74. 
Brooke, B. C, 134. 
Brooke, Mrs. C. W., 123. 
Brooks, John, 92. 
Brooks, J. N., 98. 
Brooks, Mrs. J. N., 98. 
Brooks, Mrs. S., 98. 
Brooks, W. R., 98. 
Brown, Alexander, 74. 
Brown, A. A., 74. 
Brown, Charles, xxv, 71. 
Brown, G. M., xix, 4O. 
Brown, John, 123. 
Brown, J. D., 174. 
Brown, M. W., 56. 
Brown, Romulus, 175. 
Brown, William, 134. 
Browne, J. A., xix, xxi, xxii, xxiii, 

xxiv, xxv, xxvii, 226. 
Brownlee, Mrs. M. B., 227. 
Bruckert, Albert, Jr., 2C3. 



Bruckert, Albert, Sr., 203. 
Bruckert, Mrs. A., 203. 
Bruckert, G. E., 203. 
Bruckert, John, 204. 
Bruffey, G. A., xxii, xxv, xxvi, 

214. 
Brundage, Hiram, xix, 47. 
Brysoa, N. G., 134. 
Buck, Amos, 217. 
Buck, I. N., 123. 
Buck, John D., Jr., 175. 
Buck, John D., Sr., 175. 
Budd, Newton, xxv, xxvi, 242. 
BuUard, Massena, 134. 
Bullard, M. W., 119. 
Bullard, W. F., 63. 
Bullard, W. L., 134. 
Burd, J. F., xxix, xxx, 243. 
Burd, M. H., 67. 
Burd, Samuel, 67. 
Burd, Samuel, 243. 
Burd, S. C, 67. 
Burfiend, Henry, 47. 
Burns, T. C, xxii, 242. 
Burr, F. H., xxv, 75. 
Bussier, Frederick, 75. 
Butler, D. C, 227. 
Butler, Harwood, 227. 
Butt, Wilson, 123. 
Buxton, J. H., 75. 
Byrd, T. J., 175. 
Byrns, Michael, 134. 



Cahalin, Patrick, 207. 
Cahill, Stephen, 175. 
Caldwell, E. J., 134. 
Callaway, J. H., 134. 
Cannon, C. W., 135. 
Cannon, Henry, 135. 
Cantner, Mrs. M., 75. 
Caplice, John, xxv, 227. 
Carbon County, Map of. Oppo- 
site p. 62. 
Carbon County, Members, 62. 
Cardwell, Edward, 123. 
Carey, Nickolas, 175. 
Carleton, G. W., 75. 
Carls, A. J., 98. 
Carls, Mrs. E., 98. 
Carney, Annette, 124. 
Carpenter, B. F., 57. 
Carr, Benjamin, 75. 
Carr, Mrs. M., 75. 
Carroll, J. A., 98. 
Carroll, Matthew, xx, 135. 
Carrow, Edward, 217. 
Carruthers, J. B., 175. 
Carten, John, 119. 
Carter, A. P., 135. 



Carter, William, Jr., 98. 

Carter, W. B., xxvii, 47. 

Carver, C. H., 47. 

Caryl, Mrs. Nettie, 68. 

Cascade Count)', Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 63. 

Cascade County, Members, 62. 

Caswell, Richard, 175. 

Catlen, Benjamin, 75. 

Cave, William, 207. 

Chabott, J. B., 207. 

Chaffin, Anthony, 217. 

Chaftin, Mrs. A., 217. 

Chaftin, B. S., 217. 

Chaffin, Elijah, 217. 

Chaffin, Mrs. E., 217. 

Chaffin, N. J., 217. 

thambers, Henry, xxv, 217. 

Chatfield, John, 218. 

Cherway, J. S., 175. 

Choteau County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 67. 

Choteau County, Members, 67. 

Chouquette, Charles, 243. 

Chowning, Mrs. C. W., 175. 

Chrisman, John, xxviii, 98. 

Christiansen, Niels, 176. 

Chumasero, William, xix, 135. 

Cisler, Alfred, 176. 

Cisler, Mrs. A., 176. 

Cisler, J. E., 176. 

Claessens, William, 207. 

Clairmont. Louis, 218. 

Clark, A. G., Sr., 135. 

Clark, Mrs. Catherine E., 176. 

Clark, G. H., 176. 

Clark, H. H., 135. 

Clark, Joseph, 218. 

Clark, J. K., 227. 

Clark, J. O., 218. 

Clark, Monte, 218. 

Clark, Oscar, 218. 

Clark, Mrs. O., 176. 

Clark, P. B., 57. 

Clark, Mrs. P. B., 57. 

Clark, R. A., 218. 

Clark, W. A. (Madison), xxix, 
176. 

Clark, W. A. (Silver Bow), xxiii, 
227. 

Clarke, Helen P., 136. 

Clarke, Malcolm, 136. 

Clary, Thomas, 68. 

Clem, Israel, 1 19. 

Clem, Samuel, 75. 

Cleveland, G. W., 136. 

Cleveland, Mrs. M. A., 98. 

Clewell, T. H., 136. 

Cline, J. A., 176. 

Cline, V. E., 98. 

Cochran, J. M. V., 246. 



GENERAL INDEX 



253 



Cochrane, James, 119. 

Cockerill, V. A., xxi, xxii, 98. 

Cockrell, George, 75. 

Cohen, David, Sr., 76. 

Cohen, Samuel, 124. 

Cole, W. G., 228. 

Collier, Irvin, 57. 

Collins, Bernard, 136. 

Collins, Dennis, 176. 

Collins, Mrs. N., 243. 

Collins, T. E., xxii, xxv, xxvi, 

63- 
Colson, J. M., 228. 
Conine, F. W., 136. 
Conley, J. H., 136. 
Conlon, Patrick, 228. 
Conner, J. T., xxiii, xxiv, 137. 
Connolly, Nicholas, 120. 
Conroy, Philip, 177. 
Constans, Philip, 137. 
Constitution and Amendments, 

xxxi. 
Contois, David, xix, 47. 
Cook, Christopher, 177. 
Cook, Mrs. C, 177. 
Cook, C. W., xxii, 204. 
Cook, George, 177. 
Cooley, W. A., 177. 
Coombes, E. H., xxiii, 177. 
Cooney, Thomas, 137. 
Cooper Charles, 76. 
Cooper, M. D., 243. 
Cooper, T. E., 136. 
Cooper, Walter, xxiii, xxiv, 

xxviii, 99. 
Copall, Joseph, 68. 
Cope, G. F., xxix, 47. 
Corbly, A. L., xxviii, 99. 
Cornell, Craig, 47. 
Cornforth, Asa, 177. 
Corr>-, A. V., 228. 
Cory, Charles, 124. 
Cosgrove, George, 137. 
Courtwright, Milo, 137. 
Cowan, Andrew, 99. 
Cowan, David, 177. 
Cowan, J. H., 47. 
Coyle, Peter, 76. 
Coyne, William, xxviii, 137. 
Crane, Francis, 177. 
Crane Phillipa, 177. 
Crawford, R. H., 99. 
Crews, W. S., 177. 
Crisp, W. M., 178. 
Crothers, William, 47. 
Crouch, C. L., 99. 
Crounse, S. H., 137. 
Crow, J. B., 47. 
Cullison, G. W., 137. 
Culver, J. A., xxii, 124. 
Culver, Mrs. J. A., 138. 



Currah, Joseph, 138. 

Curtin, J. C, 138. 

Curtis, C. D., xxiii, xxiv, xxv, 

138- 
Curtis, F. E., 228. 
Curtis, Mrs. F. E., 228. 
Curtis, W. W., 99. 
Curtiss, D. W., 138. 
Custer County, Map of. Opposite 

p. 70. 
Custer County, Members, 70. 

D 

Daddow, J. S., 120. 
Daems, Levinus, 178. 
Daems, Mrs. L., 178. 
Dahler, C. L., 138. 
Daly, Hugh, 138. 
Daly, John, 76. 
Daly, J. M., 138. 
Daly, Peter, 178. 
Dance, W. B., 76. 
Dart, G. W., xxvii, 47. 
Dashiell, E. D,. 76. 
Davenport, William, 139. 
Davenport, Mrs. W., 139. 
David, A. F., 178. 
Davidson, A. J., 139. 
Davidson, E. M., 99. 
Davidson, Mrs. T. J., 139. 
Davies, W. J., 99. 
Davis, Aquilla, 57- 
Davis, A. B., 178. 
Davis, A. J., 228. 
Davis, David, lOO. 
Davis, E. A., 218. 
Davis, Henry, lOO. 
Davis, Joseph, lOO. 
Davis, J. J., 100. 
Davis, N. J., 178. 
Davis, W. A., 214. 
Davis, W. D., 48. 
Davis, W. F., 100. 
Dawes, B. M., xxviii, loo. 
Dawson, Andrew, 68. 
Dawson, Mrs. Isabel, 243. 
Dawson County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 72. 
Dawson County, Members, 72. 
Dean, E. R., 124. 
Dean, Isaac, 76. 
Dean, J. R., 139. 
Deascy, William, 124. 
Decker, Mrs. Catherine, 100. 
Decker, Mrs. Clara, 100. 
Decker, Mrs. Maretta, 100. 
Decker, Mrs. Mattie, 100. 
Decker, John, 228. 
Decker, William, loO. 
Dedwick, Jacob, 100. 



Deer Lodge County, Map of. 
Opposite p. 73. 

Deer Lodge County, Members, 
72. 

Dehort, W. L., 178. 

DeLacy, W. W., xix, xxi, 139. 

DeLacy, W. W., Map of Mon- 
tana, 1865, Opposite p. xiii. 

Deletraz, G. F., 68. 

Demers, Louis, xxv, xxvi, 228, 

DeMontier, Napoleon, 218. 

DeMos.s, W. L., 214. 

Dempsey, R. M., 178. 

Denble, J. J., 178. 

DeRiar, W. H., 68. 

DesCombes, H. L., 63. 

DeSmet, P. J., 207. 

Detweiler, George, 139. 

Dewey, D. S., 22S. 

Deyarmon, Thomas, 178. 

Dickey, J. R., 179. 

Dickey, William, 179. 

Dickson, G. W., 100. 

Dillie, Henry, 139. 

Dingee, W. A., 139. 

Dixson, J. A., 207. 

Dobbins, G. W., 219. 

Dobbins, Louis, 219. 

Doggett, C. B., 57. 

Doggett, Jefferson, 57. 

Doggett, Moses, 57. 

Doggett, Mrs. M., 57. 

Donaldson, W. M., 179. 

Donegan, John, 179. 

Douglas, G. A., 124. 

Douglas, Mrs. G. A., 124, 

Dowden, Elleanor, loi. 

Drinkwater, J. C, 140. 

Duff, Shelton, 140. 

Duke, Elizabeth, 179. 

Duke, Florence, 179. 

Duke, George, 179. 

Duke, G. L., 179. 

Duke, Mrs. G. L., 179, 

Duke, Virginia, 179. 

Dulaney, A. L., 124. 

Dumont, Stanford, 48. 

Dunbar, Frank, xx, loi. 

Duncan, Christiana, 180. 

Duncan, Harr}', 180. 

Duncan, Hugh, 180. 

Duncan, Mrs. Hugh, 180, 

Duncan, Hugh, Jr., 180. 

Duncan, Infant, 180. 

Duncan, James, 180. 

Duncan, Thomas, 180. 

Dunham, J. W., 204. 

Dunkelberg, D. M., xxiv, 120. 

Dunphy, E. M., 140. 

Dunphy, Mrs. E. M., 140. 

Durfee, F. M., xxiv, 120. 



254 



GENERAL INDEX 



Eddy, John, 229. 
Edgar, H. F., xxv, 207. 
Edgerton, Pauline, 63. 
Edgerton, Sidney, 48. 
Edgerton, S. C, xix, 63. 
Edmunds, Frederick, loi. 
Edmunds, Stephen, 180. 
Edsall. A. J., lOl. 
Edwards, Caldwell, lOI. 
Edwards, C. W., 76. 
Edwards, H. H., 180. 
Edwards, J. F., 64. 
Edwards, Mrs. O. H., 77. 
Edwards, W. R. H., 77. 
Eggers, Frederick, 77. 
Eglery, Henry, 140. 
Elling, Henry, xxvi, xxix, 181. 
Elliott, D. C, 219. 
Elliott, Mrs. D. C, 219. 
Elliott, L. C, 219. 
Ellis, J. J., 64. 
Ellis, P. B., loi. 
Ellis, T. H., 48. 
Ells, R. S., 140. 
Emerich, G. W., xix, 48. 
Emerson, John, lOI. 
Emerson, J. C, 64. 
Emery, W. P., 229. 
England, A. G., 208. 
England, John, loi. 
English, H. W., xxii, 140. 
Ennis, William, xxv, 181. 
Ennis, Mrs. W., 181. 

Ensch, Mathias, 140. 

Eppel, Henry, 77. 

Esler, A. M., 140. 

Estes, Simeon, 48. 

Etherington, C, loi. 

Evans, C. G., 141. 

Evans, Mrs. D., 48. 

Evans, Joseph, 181. 

Evans, L. F., 141. 

Evans, Morgan, 77. 

Evans, Mrs. M., 77. 

Evans, P. E., 77. 

Evans, Rachel, 77. 

Evans, Robert, 77. 

Evans, William, 181. 

Ewing, W. H., 141. 

Ewing, Mrs. W. II., 14I. 

Ezekiel, Benjamin, 141. 



Falen, C. A., 57. 
Fant, J. J., 141- 
Farlin, W. L., 229. 
Farmer, C. C, 141. 
Farrell, T. J., xxix, 181. 
Farrow, J. D., 141. 



Feathcrman, J. A., 120. 
Fehring, John, 181. 
Fenner, L. A., 181. 
Fenner, Robert, 77. 
Fergus, Andrew, xxiii, xxiv, 92. 
Fergus, James, xx, xxi, 92. 
Fergus, Mrs. J., 142. 
Fergus County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 92. 
Fergus County, Members, 92. 
Ferguson, R. M., 120. 
Ferster, J. S., 48. 
Ferster, R. A., 48. 
Fevin, William, 181. 
Filson, A., 57. 
Filson, D. B., 58. 
Filson, G. M., 58. 
Filson, W., 58. 
Fink, Adam, xix, 49. 
Finley, Richard, 181. 
Finley, William, 124. 
Finley, W. P., 142. 
Fish, J. M., 229. 
Fisher, Albert, 182. 
Fisher, A. J., 49. 
Fisher, J. S., 208. 

Fisher, T. W., 142. 

Fisk, A. J., 142. 

Fisk, J. L., 142. 

Fisk, Van H., 204. 

Fisk, Mrs. Van H., 142. 

Fitch, Henry M., 182. 

Flaherty, Marion, loi. 

Flanagin, C. H., 219. 

Flanagin, Mrs. D. M., 219. 

Flathead County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 94. 

Flathead County, Members, 94. 

Flegher, Harry, 142. 

Fletcher, J. P., 49. 

Flick, J. P., 142. 

Flowerree, D. A. G., xix, 142. 

Flowers. W. D., lOi. 

Foley, Peter, 78. 

Foley,Thomas, 219. 

Folsom, D. E., xx, xxiii, xxv, 
xxvi, 204. 

Foncannon, Hareson, 143. 

Foote, G. B., 143. 

Foote. Mrs. G. B., 143. 

Forbis, J. F., 229. 

Forbis, Mrs. J. F., 229. 

Forbis, J. W., 229. 

Forbis, W. P., 229. 

Ford, A. T., 246. 

Ford, J. P., 64. 
Ford, R. S., 64. 
Ford Samuel, 219. 
Ford, W. H.,64. 

Fort Benton, View of, Opposite 
p. 68. 



Fort Owen, View of. Opposite 

p. 220. 
Foster, A. H., 124. 
Foster, Mrs. E., 125. 
Foster, Frank, 125. 
Foster, L. W., 230. 
Foster, Z. D., 125. 
Fowler, Mrs. Kate, 102. 
Fox, A. W., 78. 
Foy, J. M., 208. 
Francisco, Charles, 204. 
Fratt, David, 143. 
Frederick, W. E., 143. 
Frederick, Mrs. W. E., 143. 
Freeler, Casper, 125. 
Freeler, Herman, 125. 
Freeler, Dominic, 125. 
Freeman, Jacob, 230. 

Freeser, J. H., 143. 

French, E. M., 230. 

French, G. D., 49. 

French, Milo, 230. 

French. O. D., 182. 

P>etz, Nicholas, 143. 

Frewen, Thomas, 220. 

Fridley, E. L., 102. 

Fridley, F. F., xxiii, 214. 

Frieler, Antone, 182. 

Frieler, Mrs. A., 182. 

Fulkerson, Lucinda, 220. 

Furnell, M., 64. 

Q 

Gallatin County, Map of. Oppo- 
site p. 96. 

Gallatin County, Members, 95. 

Gallatin County Society, Offi- 
cers, xxviii. 

Gallop, J. H., xxviii, 102. 

Galusha, J. L., 182. 

Galusha, Mrs. J. L., 182. 

Gammon, Mrs. F., 78. 

Gardiner, Charles, 208. 

Gardner, T. B., 230. 

Garnet, Bridget F., 58. 

Garnet, Michael, 58. 

Garnet, Patrick, 58. 

Garnet, Mrs. P., 58. 

Garrett, P. A., 182. 

Garwood, A. J., 143. 

Geary, M. L., 143. 

Gedis, George, 102. 

Getchell, F. S., 144. 

Gibbons, B. F., 49. 

Gibbs, Israel, 78. 

Gibson, Alexander, xxiv, 204. 

Gibson, James, xxv, xxvi, 230. 

Gibson, J. C, 125. 
Gibson, Nathan, xxiii, 64. 
Gilbert. H. S., xxv, xxvi, 182 
Gilbert, Mrs. H. S., 183. 



GENERAL INDEX 



!55 



Gilbert, J. R., 144. 
Gilbert, Mrs. J. R., 144. 
Gilbert, W. H., 183. 
Gillespie, David, 183. 
Gillespie, Mrs. L. R., 102. 
Gillespie, Robert, 183. 
Gillette, W. C, xix, 144. 
Gilpatrick, S. C, xxv, 144. 
Gilpatrick, Mrs. S. C, 144. 
Gohn, George, 183. 
Gohn, Mrs. G., 183. 
Goodwin, J. L., 78. 
Goodwin, Mrs. R. A., 78. 
Gordon, G. L., 102. 
Gordon, James, 183. 
Gordon, William, 93. 
Gorham, T. L., xxiii, 64. 
Goss, F. S., 220. 
Gourley, James, 144. 
Graeter, A. F., xix, xxvii, 49. 
Graham, Arthur, 183. 
Granite County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 119. 
Granite County, Members, 119. 
Grattan, Hattie E., 144. 
Grattan, Stephen A., 145. 
Grattan, Willard, 145. 
Grattan, Mrs. W., 145. 
Graves, H. C, 49. 
Graves, J, H., 208. 
Gredel, Nicholas, 145. 
Green, Andrew, 102. 
Green, B. F., xxiii, 71. 
Green, Eliza, 102. 
Green, James, 102. 
Green, Mrs. J., 102. 
Green, J. A., 102. 
Green, Melissa, 103. 
Green, Mary J., 103. 
Green, William, 103. 
Gregson, Eli, 230. 
Gregson, G. W., 230. 
Gridley, L. A., 49. 
Griffith, John, 145. 
Griffith, J. M., 183. 
Griffith, Thomas, xxii, 78. 
Griffith, T. H., 120. 
Grim, Mrs. Mary, 184. 
Grim, S. P., 184. 
Grim, Mrs. S. P., 184. 
Grimes, William, xxiv, 71. 
Grinsell, Edward, 184. 
Griswold, Cornelius, 125. 
Grubbe, A. J., 230. 
Gunn, J. H., 103. 
Guthrie, W. H., 145. 
Guy, J. C, xxii, xxiv, 71. 

H 

Hackney, J. S., 145. 
Hackney, W. H., 145. 



Hahn, William, 125. 

Hale, G. E., 103. 

Hale, N. B., 184. 

Hale, Mrs. N. B., 184. 

Hale, R. S., 145. 

Hall, A. C, 184. 

Hall, J. E., xxv, 242. 

Hall, J. J., xxii, 125. 

Hall, Mrs. J. J., 126. 

Hall, Sargeant, 184. 

Hamilton, A. B., xxiii, xxiv, xxv, 

xxix, XXX, 243. 
Hamilton, G. B., 68. 
Hamilton, R. S., xxv, 145. 
Hamilton, Mrs. R. S., 146. 
Hamilton, T. C, 103. 
Hamilton, William, 230. 
Hamilton, W. T., xxv, xxvi, 246. 
Hansel, Jacob, 184. 
Hansen, Mrs. A., 78. 
Plansen, L. C, 78. 
Hansen, Mrs. L. C, 78. 
Hansen, Niles, 78. 
Hanson, Horatio, 184. 
Harby, James, xix, 49. 
Harcum, C. C, xxiv, 71- 
Hardenbrook, A., xxii, 78. 
Hardgrove, Hezekiah, 185. 
Hardgrove, J. W., 146. 
Harding, Dwight, 208. 
Hardwick, T. W., 231. 
Harper, T. B., 231. 
Harrington, Fayette, xxix, 231. 
Harrington, Jerry, 185. 
Harris, Barnaby, 231. 
Harris, B. N., 220. 
Harris, D. L., 231. 
Harris, E. J., 126. 
Harris, F. B., 220. 
Harris, H. S., 79. 
Harris, R. T., 79. 
Harris, Thomas, 103. 
Harris, T. W., xxv, 220. 
Harrison, H. C, xxiii, xxix, 185. 
Harrison, Mrs. H. C, 185. 
Harrison, Patrick, 208. 
Hart, A. M., 185. 
Hartcorn, M. C, 103. 
Harter. H. S., 126. 
Hartwell, J. W., 185. 
Hartwig, Jacob, 49. 
Hartwig, Peter, 146. 
Harwood, J. J., 146. 
Harwood, T. B., 68. 
Haskell, W. S., 146. 
Haskell, Mrs. W. S., 146. 
Haskins, C. W., 103. 
Hathaway, J. W., 146. 
Hauser, S. T., xix, xxi, xxii, 146. 
Hausworth, John, 231. 
Hayden, J. F., 185. 



Hayden, Mrs. J. F., 185. 

Hayes, Marvin, 186. 

Hays, W. O. P., 103. 

Heath, Archibald, 120. 

Hedge, Robert, 186. 

Hedges, Cornelius, xxi, xxii, xxiii, 
xxiv, xxviii, 146. 

Hedges, DeForest, 147. 

Heeb, H., 104. 

Heeb, Mrs. H., 104. 

Heldt, F. G., 64. 

Hell Gate Ronde, View of. Op- 
posite p. 208. 

Hellinger, Mrs. H., 104. 

Helms, J. H., 79. 

Henneberry, M. B., 49. 

Hensley, W. A., 79. 

Herendeen, E. G., 186. 

Herhold, Mrs. M., 186. 

Herndon, J. M., xxix, 186. 

Hershfield, L. H., 147. 

Hewins, H. DeW., 147. 

Heyburn, H. J., 208. 

Hezekiah, John, xxv, 68. 

Hibbard, Edward, 214. 

Hickman, R. O., xx, xxix, 147. 

Higgins, C. P., xx, xxi, 208. 

Higgins, F. G., 209. 

Higgins, W. B. S., xxvi, 71. 

Higgins, W. W., 79. 

Hilger, Matthew, 147. 

Hilger, Nicholas, xxvi, 148. 

Hill, H. M., 126. 

Hill, J. S., xxv, 69. 

Hinchcliff, S., 148. 

Hines, John, 58. 

Hoback, Richard, 148. 

Hodge, T. L., 148. 

Hodson, Enoch, 126. 

Hodson, Mrs. L. A., 104. 

Hogle, James, 148. 

Holbrook, G. S., 231. 

Holehan, Patrick, 186. 

Holland, John, 186. 

Hollenbeck, G. J., 148. 

Holmead, John, 186. 

Holt, J. P., 62. 

Holt, J. R., 62. 

Holter, A. M., xix, xxii, xxiii, 
xxvi, 148. 

Holter, M. M., 148. 

Hoppe, H. J., xxiii, xxv, 214. 

Hoppe, Mrs. H. J., 214. 

Hoppe, W. M., 214. 

Hopping, J. O., 104. 

Horsky, John, 149. 

Horsky, Joseph, 149. 

Horton, H. S., 120. 

Houkes, J. K., 220. 

Houle, Joseph, 209. 

Housel, Jacob, 186. 



256 



GENERAL INDEX 



Houston, Harrj', 50. 
Howard, G. C, 104. 
Howard, Joseph, 244. 
Howe, Edwin, 149. 
Howe, G. W.. 231. 
Hoyt, E. M., 149. 
Hoyt, Mrs. E. M., 149. 
Hoyt, James, 186. 
Hoyt, Sarah A., 104. 
Hughes, Barnard, 209. 
Hughes, Richard, 231. 
Hughes, Silvan, 232. 
Humbert, Eugene, 209. 
Hume, W. H., 232. 
Humphrey, G. O., 232. 
Hunt, T. B., 186. 
Hunter, A. J., 104. 
Hunter, Mrs. A. J., 104. 
Hunter, Mrs. H. B., 126. 
Hyde, J. E., 187. 
Hyde, William, 79. 

I 

I Hear the Tread of Pioneers 

(Bison), Opposite p. 143. 
Imkarnp, Henry, 121. 
Imoda, Camillus, xxii, 65. 
Ingersoll, C. S., 79. 
Inglis, James, 187. 
Ingram, J. T., xxviii, 104. 
Inness, J. C., xix, 50. 
Irvin, G. W., xxi, xxii, xxiv, 232. 
Irvine, C. E., xx, xxi, 232. 
Irvine, Mrs. C. E., 79. 
Irvine, D. C., 79. 
Irvine, D. L., 79. 
Irvine, Ella, 232. 
Irvine, E. H., 80. 
Irvine, Mrs. E. H., 80. 
Irvine, Frobis, 232. 
Irvine, T. C, 80. 
Irvine, T. H., xxi, xxiii, 220. 



Jack, Preston, 187. 

Jackson, Edward, 187, 

Jackson, George, 50. 

Jacques, Anthony, 80. 

Jacques, George, 80. 

James, Esau. 209. 

James, Mrs. Milinda E., 209. 

James, P. H., 187. 

James, T. J., 209. 

Jay, O. W., 187. 

Jeffers, M. D., 187. 

Jefferson County, Map of. Op- 
posite p. 122. 

Jefferson County, Members, 122. 

Jefferson County Society, Offi- 
cers, xxviii. 



Johns, William, 149. 
Johnson, Alfred, 105. 
Johnson, E. F., xxv, 187. 
Johnson, Mrs. Lucinda, 105. 
Johnson, Newman, 105. 
Johnson, N. D., 187. 
Johnson, Robert, 209. 
Johnson, Rufus, 80. 
Johnson, Spencer, 80. 
Johnston, J. A., 149. 
Jones, C. B., 81. 
Jones, Eugene, 126. 
Jones, E. W., 150. 
Jones, John, 150. 
Jones, Mrs. J., 150. 
Jones, J. G., 150. 
Jones, J. H., 150. 
Jones, J. S., 93. 
Jones, J. W., 81. 
Jones, W. W., 232. 
Joslyn, Mrs. C. D., 81. 
Jump, C, 150. 
Jurgens, J. H., 150. 

K 

Keating, J. A., 150. 

Keeler, Mrs. G. W., 150. 

Kelley, G. W., 81. 

Kelley, J., 187. 

Kelley, R. S., xxiii, 81. 

Kelley, Mrs. R. S., 81. 

Kellogg, C. W., 187. 

Kellogg, L., 187. 

Kelly, J. E., 151. 

Kennedy, J. H., 105. 

Kennedy, Mrs. J. H., 105. 

Kennedy, J. J., 69. 

Kennedy, J. J., 126. 

Kennedy, William, xxv, 209. 

Kennerly, H. A., xxiv, 244. 

Kennon, Fannie, 81. 

Kennon, R. T., xxiv, 81. 

Kennon, Mrs. R. T., 81. 

Kenyon, C. D., 82. 

Keppler, J. C, 82. 

Kernan, Ellen, 187. 

Kessler, Nickolas, xxv, xxvi, 151. 

Killian, Henry, 126. 

Kimberley, Allan, xxv, 82. 

King, Hugh, 188. 

King, James, xx, 151. 

King, J. M., 50. 

King, S. F., 232. 

Kinna, John. 151. 

Kinna, Mrs. J., 151. 

Kinney, G. P., 188. 

Kinyon, P. D., 204. 

Kipp, Joseph, 244. 

Kirby, Mrs. A. N., 188. 

Kirkendall, Hugh, 151. 



Kirkpatrick, James, 50. 
Kirkpatrick, Robert, 50. 
Klein, Henry, 151. 
Kleinschmidt, T. H., xxiii, xxiv, 

xxv, xxvi, 151. 
Kloeden, William, 152. 
Knadler, E. M., 105. 
Knox, R. C, 233. 
Kohrs, Conrad, xx, xxi, xxii, xxv, 

xxvi, 82. 
Koltz, August, 82. 
Konance, Higen, 188. 
Kraemer, Frederick, 188. 
Krattcer, G. W., xxii, 105. 
Krohn, John, 152. 
Krossman, Adam, 152. 
Krug, Charles, 105. 



Labeau, J. B., xxvi, 94. 
Lacaff, Joseph, 209. 
Lacblin, L. B., 82. 
Ladoux, Narcisse, 233. 
Lafountain, J. M., 220. 
Lafton, Frank, 188. 
Lafverson, Olaf, 247. 
Laherty, Mrs. C, 82. 
Laherty, William, 82. 
Lambrecht, Alphonse, 188. 
Langford, N. P., 152. 
Lannan, Mrs. Bridget, 121. 
Lannan, Edward, 121. 
Lapier, Frank, 82. 
Larabie, S. E., 82. 
Largent, John, xxv, 65. 
Larkin, M. C, 204. 
Larson, John, 152. 
Latta, J. C, 105. 
Latta, J. L., 106. 
Latta, Mrs. S. E., 106. 
Laurin, J. B., 1S8. 
Lavaddie, Thomas, 83, 
Leary, John, xxiv, 94. 
Leavitt, E. D., 233. 
LeBeau, Peter, 106. 
Ledbeater, M. D., 106. 
Lee, W. H., 106. 
Leffler, J. H., 83. 
Lehman, Charles, xxv, xxvi, 93. 
Lehman, Frederick, 152. 
Leindecker, Charles, 188. 
Leith, C. B., 152. 
Lemon, J. H., 152. 
Leonard, Hugh, 106. 
Leonard, W. W., 188. 
Lettice, Henry, 189. 
Lettice, Mrs. H., 189. 
Levengood, Peter, 83. 
Lewis, E. W., 69. 
Lewis, G. T., 189. 



GENERAL INDEX 



257 



Lewis, J. R., 126. 

Lewis, Thomas, xxviii, 106. 

Lewis and Clarke County, Map 
of. Opposite p. 130. 

Lewis and Clarke County, Mem- 
bers, 130. 

Lewis and Clarke County So- 
ciety, Officers, xxviii. 

Lindley, J. M., xxiv, xxviii, 106. 
^ Linder, W. J., 189. 

Liscom, G. W., 71. 

Lissner, Marcus, 153. 

Livingston, Mrs. W. J., 83. 

Lloyd, Hannah M., 58. 

Lloyd, John, 58. 

Lloyd, Mrs. J., 59. 

Lloyd, W. R., 59. 
' Lockwood, M. M., xxv, xxvi, 220. 

Lott, J. S., xxii, 189. 

Lott, M. H., 189. 

Lovell, G. W., 233. 

Lovell, Philip, xix, xxiii, xxvii, 50. 

Lowders, W. M., 189. 

Lowe, William, xxii, xxiii, xxiv, 
xxv, xxvi, 72. 

Lowry, T. J., 153. 

Luce, G. E., 106. 

Luce, T. L., 107. 

Lull, P. F., 83. 

Lundwall, O. A., 107. 

Lyman, L. B., 153. 

Lynch, John, 50. 

Lynch, Thomas, xxiv, 95. 

Lyon, E. S., 189. 

Lyon, G. H., 190. 

Lyon, Mrs. G. H., rgo. 

m 

Maclay, E. G., xx, xxii, 65. 

Macomber, Archer, 59. 

Macomber, Mrs. A., 59. 

Madison County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 171. 

Madison County, Members, 172. 

Madison County Society, Offi- 
cers, xxix. 

Maillet, L. R., 233. 

Maloy, Patrick, 50. 

Mandeville, H. M., 69. 

Manlove, J. H., 153. 

Mann, J. M., 50. 

Mansfield, James, xix, 52. 

Maps: 
Beaverhead* County, 45. 
Broadwater County, 56. 
Carbon County, 62. 
Cascade County, 63. 
Choteau County, 67. 
• Custer County, 70. 
Dawson County, 72. 
M. P.— 17 



Deer Lodge County, 73. 

P'ergus County, 92. 

Hathead County, 94. 

Gallatin County, 96. 

Granite County, 1 19. 

Jefferson County, 122. 

Lewis and Clarke County, 130. 

Madison County, 171. 

Meagher County, 203. 

Missoula County, 206. 

Montana Territory, W. W. De- 
Lacy, 1865, Opposite p. xiii. 

Park County, 213. 

Ravalli County, 216. 

Silver Bow County, 225. 

Sweet Grass County, 242. 

Teton County, 244. 

Valley County, 245. 

Yellowstone County, 246. 
Maratta, James, 83. 
Mardis, J. H., 51. 
Mardis, J. W., 107. 
Mardis, Mrs. J. W., 107. 
Marion, Alphonse, 191. 
Marion, J. E., xxiii, 210. 
Marshall, Joseph, 83. 
Marshall, J. J., 191. 
Marston, Mrs. E., 107. 
Martens, J. B., 221. 
Martin, J. E., 107. 
Mason, B. P., 126. 
Mason, Frank, 83. 
Mason, James, 153. 
Mathias, C, 153. 
Maxey, Daniel, 107. 
Mayfield, A. A., 233. 
Mayger, William, 153. 
Maynard, E. A., 191. 
McAdams, James, 190. 
McAdow, P. W., XX, xxi, xxv, 93. 
McAdow, W. B., 107. 
McAllister, H. A., 107. 
McAllister, James, 190. 
McCaffrey, John, 83. 
McCammon, J. D., xxviii, 107. 
McCann, Edward, 190. 
McCarthy, J. W., 221. 
McCauley, Jefferson, 233. 
McCloud, Jennie L., 108. 
McComas, W. R., 153. 
McCormick, John, 210. 
McCormick, W. J., xx, xxii, 210. 
McCoy, E. J., 190. 
McCranor, David, 190. 
McCune, John, 233. 
McDermott, Jefferson, 154. 
McDermott, John, 59. 
McDevitt, James, 69. 
McDonald, Mrs. C, 190. 
McDonald, Mrs. H., 108. 
McDonald, John, 108. 



McDonald, M. P., 154. 
McDonald, Richard, 108. 
McDonald, Ronald, 233. 
McDonald, W. F., 108. 
McDonnell, John, 108. 
McDonnell, Mrs. J., 108. 
McEvily, J. P., 154. 
McGovern, James, 234. 
McGovern, Philip, 83. 
McGregor, Archibald, 205. 
McGuire, John, 59. 
McGuirk, Matthew, 108. 
Mclntire, M. D., 127. 
Mcintosh, C. M., 51. 
Mcintosh, J. C, 214. 
Mcintosh, W. L., 51. 
Mcintosh, W. R., 51. _ 
McKay, Alexander, 190. 
McKay, A. J., 127. 
McKay, Caroline, 190. 
McKenzie, W. S., 108. 
McKimens, William, 191. 
McKinney, W. L., 84. 
McKinsey, G. E., 109. 
McKinstry, T. B., 84. 
McKinzie, Mrs. S., 109. 
McKnight, Mrs. M., 51. 
McKoin, Mrs. T. E., 93. 
McLure, C. D., 121. 
McMahon, Peter, 234. 
McMaster, J. B., 84. 
McNamara, T. J., 210. 
McNamara, W. J., 234. 
McNeal, E. W., 154." 
McNulty, Mrs. F. M., 191. 
McPhail, A. A., 121. 
McQuaid, Hugh, 154. 
Meagher County, Map of. Oppo- 
site p. 203. 
Meagher County, Members, 203. 
Meikeljohn, David, 234. 
Mellen, W. F., 154. 
Melton, Amos, 109. 
Melton, Cornelius, 109. 
Melton, Mrs. H., 109. 
Mendenhall, J. S., xx, xxiv, 109. 
Menefee, R. P., 109. 
Mentere}', J., xx, 210. 
Merrill, J. M., 234. 
Merrill, T. G., 154. 
Merriman, Elias, 127. 
Merriman, Nathaniel, xxi, 127. 
Merritt, Ellen, 154. 
Merritt, T. B., 154. 
Men-)', John, 154. 
Metlin, D. E., 51. 
Metlin, Mrs. D. E., 51. 
Metzel, Alexander, xxii, 191. 
Metzel, Mrs. A., 191. 
Metzel, F. S., 191. 
Michner, Lewis, 191. 



258 



GENERAL INDEX 



Mifflin, E. M., 155. 

Miles, Orison H., log. 

Millen, George, 51. 

Miller, A. E., 155. 

Miller, C. E.. 84. 

Miller, F. B., 84. 

Miller, G. S., 84. 

Miller, Henry, 155. 

Miller, Henry, 191. 

Miller, Ignace, 155. 

Miller, J. H., 84. 

Miller, Solomon, 109. 

Miller, Mrs. S., no. 

Miller, Mrs. S. J., 192. 

Millegan, W. L., 155. 

Millegan, Mrs. W. L., 155. 

Milligan, R., no. 

Milling, William, 84. 

Mills, P. B., XXV, xxviii, 127. 

Milot, H. A., 155. 

Ming, James, 155. 

Ming, J. H., xix, 156. 

Missoula County, Map of, Oppo- 
site p. 206. 

Missoula County, Members, 206. 

Mitchell, A. H., 84. 

Mitchell, H. B., 192. 

Mitchell, James, 192. 

Mitchell, Susie J., 192. 

Mitchell, William, 192. 

Moffit, John, 156. 

Monforten, Henry, no. 

Monroe, G. C, no. 

Monroe, Henry, 156. 

Montana, Acquisition of, 33. 

Montana, Proclamation Admit- 
ting as a State, 42. 

Montana Territory, Map of, De- 
Lacy, 1865, Opposite p. xiii. 

Monteville, Eli, no. 

Mood, H. H., xxi, 192. 

Moore, J. M., no. 

Moore, O. P., 192. 

Moran, Patrick, 156. 

Moran, W. H., 156. 

Morgan, A. M., 127. 

Morgan, W., no. 

Morley, J. F., 156. 

Morley, J. H., 69. 

Morris, David, 156. 

Morris, J. L., 234. 

Morris, Moses, 157. 

Morris, Mrs. R. F., 69. 

Morris, W. W., xxiii, 192. 

Morrison, A. M., 52. 

Morrison, William, 127. 

Morrow, David, 69. 

Morrow, Malcolm, xxiii, 6g. 

Morrow, Malcolm, Jr., 69. 

Morse, Ebenezer, no. 

Morse, G. W., xxv, 121. 



Moss, George, no. 
Mount, E. B., 210. 
Mounts, Matthias, xxii, 215. 
Muffly, Theophilus, xxv, xxvi, 

xxix, 157. 
Muller, J. J.. 157. 
Muller, Martin, 157. 
Mullinix, S. D., 193. 
Mulvaney, T. B., 234. 
Munckmeier, Henry, 157. 
Munger, L. P., 193. 
Murphy, A. C, 193. 
Murphy, Daniel, 85. 
Murphy, J. T., 157. 
Murphy, T. W., 65. 
Murray, B. W., 65. 
Murray, C. P., 215. 
Murray, J. E., xxii, 205. 
Murry, W. H., no. 
Mussigbrod, C. F., xxi, 85. 
Myers, Alfred, xxiii, 215. 
Myers, H. C, 210. 
Myers, Ira, xxiv, 65. 
Myers, W. B., 215. 
Myers, W. V., xxv, 127. 

N 

Nafus, W. H.. 221. 
Nafus, Mrs. W. H., 221. 
Napton, Mrs. K. R., 85. 
Nave, E. F., 59. 
Neill, Thomas, 157. 
Nelson, August, 210. 
Nelson, Mrs. A. J., 157. 
Nelson, Christian, 193. 
Nelson, E. J., 52. 
Nelson, George, in. 
Nelson, John, ni. 
Nelson, J. W., no. 
Nelson, Mrs. J. W., no. 
Nelson, Marshal T., ni. 
Nelson, Monroe, ni. 
Nelson, Robert, 221. 
Nelson, Mrs. S. A., 85. 
Nelson, William, ni. 
Newell, E. L., 234. 
Newell, J. H., ni. 
Newell, Mrs. L. J., in. 
Newkirk, G. W., 234. 
Newman, O. N., 247. 
Newman, Thomas, 210. 
Nichols, A. F., in. 
Nicol, R. W., 221. 
Niedenhofen, William, 234. 
Nield, Thomas, 59. 
Nielson, C, in. 
Nixon, J. H., III. 
Noble, Amy. 193. 
Noble, Cynthia E., 193. 
Noble, D. B., 193. 



Noble, Mrs. D. B., 193. 
Noble, D. H., 193. 
Noble, F. A., 193. 
Noble, Mary, 193. 
Noble, Minerva J., 194. 
Noble, R. W.. 194. 
Normandie, Frank, 85. 
Normandie, Peter, 85. 
Norris, Alexander, 194. 
Norris, Jerome, 157. 
Norris, J. E., 157. 
Norris, W. E., 158. 
Norwood, W. J., 194. 
Noyes, G. R., 235. 
Nye, J. A., 85. 

o 

Oaks, John, 158. 
O'Bannon, Mrs. O. B., 85. 
O'Brien, David, 194. 
O'Connell, Andrew, 158. 
O'Connell, Mrs. A., 158. 
O'Connor, Thomas, 158. 
Odell, A. H., xix, 52. 
O'Donnell, James, 85. 
O'Donnell, Terrence, 158. 
Officers County Societies, xxvii. 
Officers State Society, 1884-99, 

xxi. 
O'Keefe, C. C, xx, xxiv, 210. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. C. C, 211. 
O'Keefe, D. C, xx, 211. 
Oldham, G. H., 158. 
Oldham, J. A., 158. 
Olds, L. B., 235. 
Olds, Mrs. Rohecia, 235. 
O'Leary, Dennis, 235, 
01iver,'w. li., 52. 
Olsen, Charles, 194. 
O'Neill, Joseph, 158. 
O'Neill, Mrs. J., 159. 
Orance, Mrs. R., 86. 
Orance, Richard, 86. 
O'Rourke, John, 235. 
O'Rourke, Mrs. J., 235. 
Orr, W. C, 52. 
Orton, A. W., in. 
Orton, F. L., 235. 
Orton, J. C, 235. 
Orton, Mrs. J. C, 235. 
Orton, L. Van, 236. 
Orton, W. C, 236. 
Osborn, H. S., 112. 
Owsley, William, 236. 



Palmer, T. J., 86. 
Pambrum, Alexander, 65. 
I^archen, H. M., xxiii, 159. 
Pardee, J. R., 86. 



GENERAL INDEX 



259 



Park, E. W., 211. 

Park, Mrs. S. W., 52. 

Park County, Map of, Opposite 

p. 213. 
Park County, Members, 213. 
Parkenson, W. L., 194. 
Parker, Nahum, 194. 
Parkinson, J. T., 127. 
Parkinson, W. H., xx, 127. 
Parrott, George, 86. 
Patch, J. B., 159. 
Patrick, J. W., 159. 
Pattee, D. D., 112. 
Patten, F. E. W., 236. 
Patten, W. H., 86. 
Patterson, Daniel, 112. 
Patterson, Jesse, 128. 
Patterson, J. L., 236. 
Patterson, W. H., 236. 
Patton, Hugh, 52. 
Payne, C. L., 160. 
Payne, E. W., 160. 
Payne, Rufus, xxiv, 70. 
Paynter, W. S., 161. 
Pease, F. D., xxv, 215. 
Pease, H. A., 112. 
Pease, J. A., 112. 
Pecott, William, 128. 
Peel, Martin, 194. 
Peel, Mrs. M., 194. 
Peery, Hiram, 128. 
Pelkey, R. A., 161. 
Pelkey, R. A. (Silver Bow), 

236. 
Pemberton, W. Y., xxi, xxii, xxiii, 

236. 
Pendarvis, C. W., 194. 
Pennington, Joseph, 195. 
Penwell, M. W., 112. 
Perkins, J. L., 65. 
Peters, R. W., xxii, 247. 
Peterson, Mrs. A., 86. 
Peterson, George, 52. 
Peterson, Loren, 86. 
Peterson, Otto, 161. 
Pettie, David, 221. 
Pettit, B., 52. 
Pfohl, George, 215. 
Pfouts, W. G., 23^. 
Phillips, Mrs. B. J., 86. 
Phillips, Edward, 195. 
Phillips, J. Y., 205. 
Pichler, A. S., 86. 
Pichter, G. E., 195. 
Pierce, Mary, 87. 
Pierce, Peter, 87. 
Pierstorff, Mrs. S., 112. 
Pillsbury, A. W., 128. 
Pinckney, S. D., 195. 
Pitcher, T. B., 70. 
Plassman, Mrs. M. A., 66. 



Plainer, M. D., 87. 
Plumb, Joseph, 112. 
Plummer, Asbury, 211. 
Pollinger, E. M., 195. 
Pond, H. S., xix, xxvii, 52. 
Pope, G. W., 195. 
Porter, Charles, 237. 
Porter, Plenry, 237. 
Porter, H. H., 237. 
Porter, L. D., 195. 
Porter, T. C, 237. 
Portraits : 

Addoms, Mrs. C, 193. 

Alderson, W. W., 60. 

Beach, Elizur, 229. 

Beidler, J. X., 248. 

Berkin, William, 235. 

Bessette, Amede, 37. 

Bielenberg, John, 248. 

Bishop, J. F., 49. 

Bishop, W. M., 235. 

Blackman, Mrs. A. C, 37. 

Blackman, G. W., 37. 

Bray, Cornelius, 60. 

Broadwater, C. A., xxi. 

Bruffey, G. A., 116. 

Cannon, C. W., 37. * 

Cave, Will, 248. 

Clark, W. A., 116. 

Clarke, Helen P., 49. 

Collins, Mrs. N., 235. 

Collins, T. E., 158. 

Conner, J. T., 175. 

Cook, C. W^, 193. 

Cooper, Walter, 158. 

Crounse, S. H., 60. 

Curtis, C. D., 99. 

DeLacy, W. W., 37. 

Durfee, F. M., 116. 

Edgar, H. F., xxi. 

Edgerton, S., Frontispiece. 

Elling, Henry, 248. 

England, A. G., 49. 

English, H. W., 116. 

Fergus, James, xxi. 

Fergus, Mrs. J., xxi. 

Fisher, T. W., 133. 

Flowerree, D. A. G., 175. 

Folsom, D. E., 229. 

Ford, A. T., 248. 

Gardner, T. B., 158. 

Gillette, W. C, 175. 

Gohn, George, 49. 

Graham, A., 78. 

Grim, Mrs. M., 99. 

Grim, S. P., 99. 

Hall, J. E., 229. 

Hall, J. J., 158. 

Hall, Mrs. J. J., 158. 

Hauser, S. T., 193. 

Hedges, Cornelius, 229. 



Hershfield, L. H., 235. 

Higgins, F. G., 60. 

Higgins, W. B. S., 235. 

Holter, A. M., 99. 

Ingersoll, C. S., xxi. 

Kennedy, J. H., 78. 

Kessler, Nickolas, 235. 

King, James, 248. 

Kirkendall, Hugh, xxi. 

Kohrs, Conrad, 193. 

Lovell, G. W., 133. 

Marion, Alphonse, 116. 

Mayger, William, 37. 

McGuirk, Matthew, 99. 

McNeal, E. W., 49. 

Millegan, Mrs. M. A., 60. 

Millegan, W. L., 60. 

Millen, George, 99. 

Milot, H. A., 78. 

Morris, W. W., 133. 

Morse, G. W., 133. 

Myers, Ira, 175. 

Myers, W. V., 175. 

Parchen, H. M., 99. 

Pelkey, R. A., Jr., 175. 

Quigley, J. R., 37. 

Reed, John, 158. 

Robertson, J. S., 133. 

Rumley, Charles, 116. 

Rumsey, W. A., 133. 

Sanders, Mrs. H. P., 78. 

Sanders, J. U., 158. 

Sanders, W. E., 175. 

Sanders, W. F., 78. 

Shober, J. H., 193. 

Simonton, W. Y., 229. 

Sloss, J. C, 235. 

Steele, W. L., 229. 

Stuart, Granville, 49. 

Toole, E. W., 78. 

Travis, George, 193. 

Van Wart, Mrs. C. P., 248. 

Vaughn, Robert, 229. 

Weston, D. H., xxi. 

Whitford, O. B., 193. 

Williams, J. B., 49. 

Woody, F. H., 60. 

Word, Samuel, 133. 

Worden, F. L., 78. 

Wright, A. F., 116. 
Post, Abraham, 237. 
Post, Martin, 52. 
Potter, John, xxi, 161. 
Potter, W. H., 112. 
Powell, J. H., xxv, 87. 
Powers, Francis, 59- 
Powers, Frank, 237. 
Preface, xvii. 
Prenevean, William, 87. 
Prentice, S. C, 195. 
Price, Bennett, 237. 



26o 



GENERAL INDEX 



Price, H. J., 237. 
Price, Robert, 87. 
Pricer, B. L., 87. 
Proffitt, Alexander, II2. 
Ptomey. Nelson, 195. 
Purdy, James, 87. 



Quigley, J. R., 87. 
Quinlan, Henry, 87. 
Quinlan, Mrs. H., 87. 
Quinlan, John, 88. 
Quinlan, Patrick, 88. 
Quinn, William, 60. 
Quirk, James, 161. 
Quirk, J. A., 161. 



Rahn, John, 161. 
Railsback, E. O., 247. 
Rainsford, J. C, 221. 
Ralston, S. F., xxix, 244. 
Ralston, W. R., xxv, 244. 
Ramsay, G. E., 196. 
Ramsay, Mrs. G. E., 196. 
Ramsdell, Claton, 88. 
Ramsdell, Joseph, 237. 
Ramsdell, Mrs. J., 237. 
Raush, George, 161. 
Ravalli, Anthony, 222. 
Ravalli County, Map of. Oppo- 
site p. 216. 
Ravalli County, Members, 216. 
Ray, Emma L., 161. 
Ray, T. A., 161. 
Ray, Mrs. T. A., 161. 
Ray, Verena I,., 162. 
Raymond, Henry, 60. 
Raymond, Oliver, 196. 
Ra>Tnond, Mrs. W., 196. 
Rea, J. A., 113. 
Rea, Mary K., 113. 
Rea, William, 112. 
Rea, William, Jr., 113. 
Rea, Mrs. W., 113. 
Reahm, Charles, 162. 
Reardon, Dennis, 93. 
Recapitulation, 249. 
Redding, Wilson, 128. 
Redfem, Francis, 196. 
Redfern, John, 196. 
Redfern, W. J., 196. 
Reding, H. C, 113. 
Reding, Jacob, 238. 
Reed, G. W., 162. 
Reed, G. W., 162. 
Reed, H. J., 162. 
Reed, John, 196. 
Reed, John, 211. 



Reel, W. R., 196. 
Reese, Evan, 53. 
Reese, Frederick, 162. 
Reese, Gomer, 113. 
Reese, J. E., 113. 
Reese, J. J., 113. 
Reese, Mrs. M. E., 113. 
Reese, Thomas, 114. 
Reese, Mrs. T., 114. 
Reeves, Biddle, 128. 
Reeves, J. J., 114. 
Reeves, Moise, 211. 
Reif, Fannie E., 196. 
Reinhard, J. P., 21 1. 
Reinhardt, D. F., 53. 
Reinig, Michael, 162. 
Rennert, Charles, 162. 
Renois, X., 53. 
Renshaw^, R. M., 238. 
Riale, C. K., 162. 
Richards, R. K., 88. 
Riches, James, 114. 
Richmond, C. M., 196. 
Richmond, J. O., 197. 
Richmond, Mrs. S. J., 197. 
Richter, Charles, 70. 
Ridnour, C. W., 162. 
Riggin, Mrs. F. A., 66. 
Riley, Patrick, 88. 
Rinda, V. C, 162. 
Robbins, T. M., xx, 238. 
Roberts, B. R., 66. 
Roberts, H. D., 238. 
Roberts, Mrs. H. D., 238. 
Roberts, J. S., 162. 
Roberts, W. K., 163. 
Robertson, J. S., 222. 
Robinson, A. C, 53. 
Robinson, J. P., 114. 
Rodgers, A. T., 197. 
Rodgers, William, 128. 
Rodgers, W. H., 211. 
Roe, W^illiam, xix, xxvii, 53. 
Roe, William, 128. 
Romey, A. L., 197. 
Romey, Lucian, 197. 
Ronan, Peter, xxiii, 211. 
Ronan, Mrs. P., 212. 
Root, Frederick, 197. 
Ross, James, 163. 
Rossiter, H. D., 197. 
Rote, O. W. W., 53. 
Rouse, D. E., xx, 114. 
Ruffner, Sanford, xxviii, 1 14. 
Rumley, Charles, xix, xxi, 163. 
Rumsey, W. A., 163. 
Russell, Mrs. J. R., 238. 
Russell, J. S., 163. 
Russell, J. W., 128. 
Ryan, Edward, xxiii, 128. 
Ryan, J. M., 163. 



Sackett, T. B., 114. 

Sanders, J. U., xxii, xxvi, 164. 

Sanders, W. E., 164. 

Sanders, W. F., xix, xxi, xxii, 
163. 

Sanders, Mrs. W. F., 164. 

Sandford, J. B., 164. 

Sanford, J. R., xxiv, 164. 

Sanguein, S. J., 197. 

Saunders, J. W., 198. 

Scanlon, J. H., 114. 

Scheuer, Frederick V., 238. 

Schnetz, Stephen, 238. 

Schwab, Samuel, xix, 165. 

Scott, Alexander, 239. 

Scott, Lafayette, 53. 

Scott, Samuel, xxiii, 88. 

Scribner, H., 19S. 

See, B. F., 222. 

See, Frank, Jr., 222. 

See, Mrs. F., 222. 

Selway, James, 53. 

Selway, J. R., 53. 

Selway, R. H., 53. 

Selway, Thomas, 54. 

Severans, Daniel, 198. 

Seward, Newton, 215. 

Shafer, D. L., 93. 

Shaffer, Mrs. F. J., 165. 

Sharp, W. J., 60. 

Shelley, Mark, 60. 

Shelley, Mrs. M., 60. 

Shelley, M. H., 60. 

Sherman, B. R., 205. 

Shineberger, Joseph, xxvii, 54. 

Shingleton, S. C, 198. 

Shober, J. H., xxiii, 165. 

Shoemaker, G. W., 198. 

Showers, Mrs. H., 121. 

Silver Bow County, Map of. Op- 
posite p. 225. 

Silver Bow County, Members, 
225. 

Simonton, W. Y., 167. 

Sincox, Edward, 54. 

Singer, J. C, 239. 

Sites, J. E., 165. 

Slack, J. A., 222. 

Slack, Mrs. J. A., 222. 

Slater, J. W., 88. 

Sloan, W. F., 114. 

Sloan, W. K., 88. 

Sloss, J. C, 165. 

Smart, J. S., 1 14. 

Smith, E. L., 198. 

Smith, G. W., 198. 

Smith, H. P. A., 198. 

Smith, Jacob, xxiii, 70. 

Smith, Joseph, 198. 



GENERAL INDEX 



261 



Smith, J. A., 60. 

Smith, J. A.. 215. 

Smith, J. G., 129. 

Smith, J. M., 165. 

Smith, J. T., 115. 

Smith, L. P., 239. 

Smith, Robert, 165. 

Smith, Mrs. R., 165. 

Smith, R. W., 166. 

Smith, W. N., 222. 

Snapp, J. B., 198. 

Snell, C. H., 166. 

Snyder, Henry, 88. 

Somerville, J. C, 166. 

Sonnefield, H. F., 166. 

Sons and Daughters, Society of. 

Officers, XXX. 
Southmayd, W. C, 198. 
Spafford, Charles, 115. 
Spalding, D. O., 198. 
Sparrell, G. H., 199. 
Spencer, John, 66. 
Spencer, Joseph, 199. 
Spier, Ernest, 239. 
Spieth, Jacob, 1 15. 
Sprague, Howard, 71. 
Sprague, W. M., 166. 
Stafford, George, 205. 
Stafford, I. S., 199. 
Stafford, J. v., xxv, 166. 
Standaher, George L., 54. 
Stanley, Reginald, 166. 
Stanley, W. O., 54. 
Stanton, A. K., 115. 
Stapleton, G. W., xx, xxii, xxiii, 

239. 
Stark, Eugene, xxix, 199. 
Stateler, L. B., 115. 
Stateler, Mrs. L. B., 1 15. 
Steel, M. L., 54. 
Steele, J. G., 88. 
Steele, J. O., 88. 
Steele, W. L., xxv, 166. 
Steele, Mrs. W. L., 167. 
Steell, George, xix, xxv, 244. 
Stephens, A. J., 205. 
Stephens, Frank, 89. 
Stephens, Jane P., 89. 
Stevens, D. C., 115. 
Stevens, Henry, 199, 
Steward, J. M., 239. 
Stewart, D. A., 212. 
Stewart, John, 167. 
Stiles, E. R., 199. 
Stone, H. H., 115. 
Stoning, Edward, xxv, 71. 
Story, Nelson, xx, xxii, 1 16. 
Story, Mrs. N., 116. 
Strasburger, Isidor, 239. 
Straub, C. F., 129. 
Street, T. P., 116. 



Strickland, Benjamin, 215. 

Strong, Jane, 199. 

Strong, John, 199. 

Stuart, Granville, xx, xxi, xxii, 

239- 
Stuart, James, 89. 
Stuart, J. S., 60. 
Stuart, Kate, 93. 
Stuart, Thomas, 89. 
Stubblefield, Albert, xxvi, 242. 
Stuckey, J., 89. 
Sullivan, Arthur, 54. 
Sullivan, Harvey, 54. 
Sullivan, J. J., 223. 
Sullivan, J. T., 240. 
Sumner, W. F., 199. 
Surprevant, J. V., 240. 
Sutherland, John, xix, 54. 
Sutherlin, W. H., xxv, 205. 
Sutton, C. W., 167. 
Sweeney, J. L., 212. 
Sweeney, J. M., 167. 
Sweet, W. C, 167. 
Sweet Grass County, Map of, 

Opposite p. 242. 
Sweet Grass County, Members, 

242. 
Swift, Mrs. J. A., 24O. 
Swing, John, 54. 
Sykes, H. N., 167. 



Taft, W. L., 199. 

Talbot, Mrs. J. A., 240. 

Tanner, A. W., 200. 

Tanner, Mrs. A. W., 200. 

Taylor, A. B., 167. 

Taylor, J. M. D., 129. 

Taylor, J. B., 129. 

Taylor, William, 200. 

Taze, John, 205. 

Templeton, H. L., 200. 

Teton County, Map of. Opposite 

p. 244. 
Teton County, Members, 243. 
Teton County Society, Officers, 

xxix. 
Thale, H. H., 167. 
Thexton, George, 200. 
Thomas, Charles, 70. 
Thomas, Daniel, 93. 
Thomas, E. P., 89. 
Thomas, G. D., xxviii, 116. 
Thomas, Mrs. G. D., 116. 
Thomas, G. E., 116. 
Thomas, John, 129. 
Thomas, J. D., 240. 
Thomas, J. H., 89. 
Thomas, J. J., 116. 
Thomas, J. P., 94. 



Thomas, Margaret, 89. 
Thomas, S. H., 116. 
Thomas, W. P., 89. 
Thomas, Z. E., 200. 
Thompson, Mrs. A. B., 60. 
Thompson, C. S., 129. 
Thompson, Job, 60. 
Thompson, J. Q., 240. 
Thompson, Mrs. J. Q., 240. 
Thompson, Mary A., 1 17. 
Thompson, M. B., 117. 
Thompson, Nathan, 200. 
Thompson, Rufus, 117. 
Thompson, William, 240. 
Thorburn, John, 167. 
Thorpe, Philip, 54. 
Threlkeld, Frank, 90. 
Tiernan, Ellen, 200. 
Tierney, Ann, 168. 
Tierney, John, Sr., 168. 
Tilton, J. W., 117. 
Timberlake, O. M., 90. 
Tingley, R. S., xxii, 70. 
Tomlinson, J. J., 117. 
Tomlinson, Mrs. J. J., 1 17. 
Tompkins, James, 90. 
Toole, E. W., xix, 168. 
Tosten, Thomas, 61. 
Townsend, Kittie, 129. 
Townsley, Benjamin, 61. 
Tracy, W. H., 117. 
Trahant, Ellen, 90. 
Trautman, Frederick, 223. 
Travis, George, 66. 
Trepp, Michael, 94. 
Troplett, Charles, 168. 
Trotier, Joseph, 200. 
Truchott, Francois, 245. 
Trudeau, A., 200. 
Tudor, B. F., 223. 
Tufts, James, 200. 
Tuttle, S. F., 129. 
Tweedy, Thomas, 168. 

u 

Urlin, A. J., xxiv, 212. 



Valiton, H. G., 90. 
Valley County, Map of. Oppo- 
site p. 245. 
Vanderbilt, John, 201. 
Van de Werken, Henry, 201. 
VanGundy, J. E., 90. 
VanHoose, J. M., 55. 
VanWart, Mrs. C. P., 168. 
Varney, O. B., 201. 
Vaughn, Robert, xxiii, 66. 
Venable, J. M., 241. 



262 



GENERAL INDEX 



Vetter, J. G., 201. 
Vincent, Addison, 201. 
Vincent, H., 201. 
Vincent, John, 212. 
Vineyard, G. C, 90. 
Vivion, J. M., 168. 
Vivion, R. P., 117. 
Vogt, A. W., 223. 

w 

Wadams, Wilson, xix, 55. 
Wade, G. W., 223. 
Wagener, John, 168. 
Walker, A. M., 90. 
Walker, Charles, xxii, 72. 
Walker, Frank, 91. 
Walker, J. C, 94. 
Walter, E. J., 201. 
Walton. M. E., 168. 
Walton, William, 201. 
Warmington, Henry, 201. 
Warn, J. S., 72. 
Warren, T. B., 55. 
Warren, T. C, 91. 
Wasweiler, F.J., 168. 
Wasweiler, Mrs. F. J., 168. 
Waterhouse, Thomas, 1 17. 
Waterman, Mrs. C. C, 1 17. 
Waterman, C. H., xxviii, II7. 
Watkins, G. S., 201. 
Watson, J. R., 169. 
Watson, Thomas, 55. 
Watterman, Charles, xxv, 91. 
Weaver, A. D., 118. 
Weaver, Mrs. E. D., 118. 
Weber, D. W., 118. 
Webster, N. H., 169. 
Wegner, J. F., 169. 
Weisenhorn, August, 169. 
Weller, S. G., 169. 
Wells, Frank, 61. 
Welsh, William, 118. 
Wentworth, W. F., 169. 
Wessel, George, 91. 
Weston, D. H., xxix, 169. 
Weston, J. R., xxvi, 61. 
Weydert, P. C, 94. 
Whaley, David, 223. 
Whaley, Henry, xxii, xxiii, 61. 
Whaley, Mrs. H., 61. 
Whaley, Mrs. Hannah E., 223. 
Whaley, Julia, 223. 
Whaley, J. C, 61. 
Whaley, Peter, 223. 



Whaley, P. H., 61. 
Whaley, W. C, xxiv, 61. 
Whetstone, F. C, 129. 
Whitcher, Warren, 129. 
Whitcomb, Edmund, 169. 
Whitcomb, Mrs. E., 170. 
White, A. J., 241. 
White, James, 118. 
White, John, 55. 
White, John, 1 18. 
White, T. H., 202. 
White, T. H., 241. 
Whiteley, A. J., 55. 
Whitesides, Mrs. A., I2I. 
Whitford, O. B., 241. 
Whitlatch, James, 170. 
Whitney, O. C, 202. 
Whitney, Mrs. O. C, 202. 
Whitson, J. B., 205. 
Whittemore, J. M., 94. 
Wickham, G. J., 202. 
Wilbur, A. E., 55. 
Wilcox, A. H., 170. 
Wilcox, Timothy, 170. 
Wilcox, William, 91. 
Wildman, J. H., 91. 
Wildman, Mrs. J. H., 91. 
Wilhart, John, 202. 
Wilkinson, E. S., 170. 
Wilkinson, R. F., 61. 
Williams, James, xx, xxi, 202. 
Williams, Mrs." J., 202. 
Williams, J. B., 91. 
Williams, J. M., 202. 
Williams, Mrs. M. T., 118. 
Williams, Thomas, 212. 
Williams, William, 91. 
Wills, Robert, 118. 
Wilson, A. J., 91. 
Wilson, Enoch, xxi, xxii, xxiii, 

62. 
Wilson, G. R., 206. 
Wilson, J. B., 170. 
Wilson, J. F., 170. 
Wilson, J. R., xviii, xix, xxi, 

xxvii, 55. 
Wilson, J. S., 118. 
Wilson, Mrs. L., 62. 
Wilson, Peter, xxvii, 55. 
Wilson, T. M., 129. 
Wing, R. T., xxiii, xxiv, xxv, 

xxvi, xxvii, 55- 
Wingate, T. B., 202. 
Winslow, C. C, 129. 



Winslow, Mrs. E. C, 130. 

Winslow, J. J., 130. 

Winter, Charles, 212. 

Wolf, Edward A., 91. 

Wolf, G. A., 213. 

Wolfe, Addison, 224. 

Wood, J. M., xx, xxv, 247. 

Wood, N. H., 55. 

Wood, W. E., 202. 

Wood, W. F., 55. 

Woodmancy, Mrs. S. D., 224. 

Woodmancy, Van R., 224. 

Woods, Ann F., 170. 

Woods, A. W., 66. 

Woods, E. P., 224. 

Woods, G. M., 224. 

Woods, J. J., 224. 

Woods, Patrick, 66. 

Woodward, Mrs. W., 241. 

Woody, F. H., xx, xxi, xxii, xxiii, 

xxv, xxvi, 213. 
Woolman, J. P., 171. 
Word, Samuel, xxiii, 171. 
Worden, F. L., xx, 213. 
Worden & Co., Hell Gate Ronde, 

View of, 208. 
Work, J. F., 118. 
Worley, J. M., 241. 
Wren, John, 245. 
Wright, A. F., 56. 
Wright, A. S., 241. 
Wright, Mrs. A. S., 24I. 
Wright, H. J., 118. 
Wright, W. M., xxiii, xxiv, 2l6. 
Wykoff, C. D., 92. 
Wyrouck, Jacob, 202. 
Wyrouck, Mrs. J., 202. 



Yates, G. L., 119. 
Yates, Mrs. Mary, 119. 
Yellowstone County, Map of,Op- 

posite p. 246. 
Yellowstone County, Members, 

246. 
Young, M. M., 202. 
Young, P. R., 224. 
Young, W. H., 241. 
Young, Mrs. W. H., 242. 



Zeigler, Frank, 171. 
Zeigler, J. A., 171. 
Zimmerman, E. I., 171. 



^xV 



/ 



JAN 2 4 1950