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Contributions from the United 
States National Herbarium 



^■J 



ited States. Dept. of Agri< 




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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

DIVISION OF POTANY. 



^ CONT RIBUTIONS 



FROM 



THE U. S. NATIONAL HERBARIUM. 



<^ \ 



Vol. I. 



REPORTS ON COLLECTIONS, AND MISCELUNEOCS PAPERS. 



LISTS OF PLANTS, WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW 8PEQIE8, COL- 
LECTED CHIEFLY IN THE SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES, 
WESTERN MEXICO, AND ADJACENT ISLANDS; INDEXES 
OF NEW AMERICAN SPECIES AND PLANT NAMES 
PUBLISHED IN 1891 AND 1892; SPECIAL 
NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS. 



PUBUSHED'BT iUTHORm-OF THB SBORKTART OF AeRIODLTIISI. 



WASHINGTON: 

GOVEENMENT PRINTING ©FPICK. 

1890-1895. 



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NOTE. 

The nine numbers of Vol. i of the Contributions were actually issued as follows : 
No. 1, pp. 1 to 28, June 16, 1890. 
No. 2, pp. 29 to 62, July 18, 1890. 
. No. 3, pp. 63 to 90, November 8, 1890. 
No. 4, pp. 91 to 128, June 30, 1891. 
No. 5, pp. 129 to 188, September 25, 1892. 
No. 6, pp. 189 to 232, December 12, 1892. 
No. 7, pp. 233 to 264, July 15, 1893. 
No. 8, pp. 265 to 292, October 31, 1893. 
No. 9, pp. 293 to 434, January 31, 1895. 
II 



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PREFATORY NOTE. 



In the act of Congress making appropriation for the Department of 
Agricultnre for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1889, provision was 
made for botanical exploration and the collecting of plants in little 
known districts of America in connection with the U. S. National 
Herbarinm; and since that time a similar provision has been made 
annually. As a partial result of this appropriation the Division of 
Botany has issued heretofore two completed volumes, ii and iv, of a 
series of publications entitled Contributions from the U. S. National 
Herbarium. The present volume, issued in nine parts, is made up 
chiefly of reports on collections made by Dr. Edward Palmer in the 
southwestern United States and adjacent portions of Mexico, together 
with other collections made by agents of the Government. 

Frederick V. Coville, 
Botanist, TJ. 8. Department of Agriculturey 

Curator, U. S. National Herbarium, 



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CONTENTS. 



Pagew 
last of plants collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in 1888, in southern California. 

By George Vasey and J. N. Rose 1 

List of plants collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in 1889 in the region of Lower 
California, with notes and descriptions of new species. By George Vasey 
and J. N.Rose 9 

1. Plants collected at Lagoon Head 9 

2. Plants collected at Cedros Island 13 

3. Plants collected at San Benito Island 20 

4. Plants collected at Guadalupe Island 21 

5. Plants collected near the head of the Gulf of California 27 

Ul>on a collection of plants made by Mr. G. C. Nealley in the region of the Rio 

Grande, in Texas, from Brazos Santiago to El Paso County. By John M. 

Coulter 29 

List of plants collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in Lower California and west- 
em Mexico in 1890. By George Vasey and J. N. Rose 63 

List of plants collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in 1890 at Alamos and Alamos 

Mountains. By J. N. Rose 91 

Ldsi of plants collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in 1890 in Arizona. By J. N. 

Rose 117 

List of plants collected by Dr. Edward Palmer in 1890 on Carmen Island. By 

J.N.Rose 129 

List of plants collected by the U. S. S. Albatross in 1887-1891 along the western 

coast of America : 

1. List of plants from Cocos Island. By J. N.Rose 135 

2. List of plants from Galapagos Islands. By J. N. Rose 136 

3. List of ferns from southern Patagonia. By D. C. Eaton 138 

4. List of mosses from Fuegia and Patagonia. By D. C. Eaton 138 

5. List of liverworts from southern Patagonia. By A. W. Evans 140 

6. List of lichens fVom southern Patagonia. By J. W. Eckfeldt 142 

Reyision of the North American species of Hoffmanseggia, By E. M. Fisher .. 143 
Systematic and alphabetic index of new species of North American Phanero- 
gams and Pteridophytes, published in 1891. By Josephine A. Clark 151 

List of plants collected by C. S. Sheldon and M. A. Carleton in the Indian Ter- 
ritory in 189L By J. M. Holzinger 189 

1. C. S. Sheldon^s collection* 189 

2. M. A. Carleton*s collection .' 202 

Obeeryations on the native plants of Oklahoma Territory and adjacent dis- 
tricts. By M. A. Carleton 220 

Systematic and alphabetic index to new species of North American Phanero- 
gams and Pteridophytes, published in 1892. By Josephine A. Clark 233 

Additions to the Index for 1891. By Josephine A. Clark 268 

Notes on some Pacific coast grasses. By G^rge Vasey 265 

V 



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VI CONTENTS. 

Descriptions of new or noteworthy grasses from the United States. By 

George Vasey 267 

Descriptions of new grasses from Mexico. By George Vasey 281 

Descriptions of fonr new plants firom Texas and Colorado. By J# M. Holz- 

inger 286 

List of plants new to Florida. By J. M. Holzinger 288 

Descriptions of three new plants. By J.N.Rose 289 

List of lichens from California and Mexico, collected hy Dr. Edward Palmer, 

from 1888 to 1892. By J. W. Eckfeldt 291 

Report on a collection of plants made in the States of Sonora and Colima, 

Mexico, by Dr. Edward Palmer, in 1890 and 1891. By J. N. Rose 293 



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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PLATES. 

Facing lutge. 

Frontispiece. ForcKhammeria watsoni Rose i 

Plate I. Coulterellacapiiata Rose 71 

II. Stellaria montana RoBe 93 

III. Diphysa racemoaa RoBe 97 

IV. Echinopepon cirrhopedunculatus Rose 101 

V. Tithonia fruticosa CsLuby &, Rose 104 

VI. Bidens alamoaana Rose 104 

VII. HymenatheruM anomalum Canby & Rose 105 

VIII. Perezia montana Rose 105 

IX. Cordia aonorai Rose 106 

X. Jpomcea alata Rose 108 

XI. Tabehuia palmeri 109 

XII. Drymarta di^twa Rose 130 

XIII. De8mantku8 fruiioosua Rose 131 

XIV, Passiflara palmeri Rose 132 

XV. Laphocolea apiculata Eyaxib 140 

XVI. Schisiochila quadrifida Evans 141 

XVII. IpomoMi carletoni Uolzinger 211 

XVIII. Euphorbia atrictior Holzinger 215 

XIX. Chloria longifolia (Fourn.) Vasey 284 

XX. Stemodia achotiii UolziugeT 286 

XXI. Oxyhaphua bodini Holzinger 287 

XXII. Eanunculua cooleycB y&Bey &. Rose 289 

XXIII. Xi^u«<i<nim wacottnti Coulter & Rose 290 

XXIV. Forchhamm^a icataoni Rose 370 

XXV. Forchhammeria wataoni Rose 372 

XXVI. Xyloania palmeri Rose 374 

XXVII. Krameria palmeri Rose 376 

XXVIII. Malpighia ovata Rose 378 

XXIX. Malpighia umbellata Rose 380 

XXX. Hircea mexicanaRose 382 

XXXI. Karwinakia parviflara Rose 384 

XXXII. Agiabampoa oangeata Rose 386 

XXXIII. Tridaxdubia Rose 388 

XXXIV. Porophyllum palmeri Rose 390 

XXXV. Ipomcea nelaoni Rose 392 

VII 



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Vin LI8T OF ILIiUSTRATIONS. 

FIGURES IN TEXT. 

Page. 

Figure 1, Forchhammeria pallida Ltiehm 302 

2. Heteropterys palmeri Rose 311 

3. Trichilia havanensis apaiulata Bose 314 

4. .^chynomene amorphoides {Wtkt8on) 'Rose 321 

5. Schrankia diffusa B.OBe 326 

6. Leuccena tnacrooatpa B,oae 327 

7. Thevetia cuneifolia in.B.K,) A.J>C 340 

8. JscUpias glaucesoena B,,B,K 341 

9. ^arleria mioofM Nees 350 

10. Euphorbia Bonora Rom 356 



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PLANTS FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. 



By Dr. Gko. Vasey and J. N. Kosk. 



During June and July, 1888, Dr. Edward Palmer collected for tbe 
Department of Agriculture in the counties of Kern, Tulare, and San 
Bernardino. The early part of June he collected on the Green Horn 
Mountain and on the North Fork of Kern lliver, Kern County; the 
last of June was spent at Victor, in San Bernardino County, and the 
mouth of July was spent in Long Meadow and the surrounding country, 
in Tulare Co«nty. 

Thanks are due to Dr. Sereno Watson for the determination of some 
new and difficult 8i)ecies, and to Mr. F. V. Coville for help in determin- 
ing a number of species. 

The following paper contains a list of the species with Dr. Palmer's 
field notes: 

No8. 18 to 31. Collected on the North Fork of Kern River, near Kern- 
villo, Kern Cou'ity, Cal., June 7 to 15. 

18. Equisetum laevigatuin, A. Br. 

19. JuxicuB effuBUs, L. 

20. JancuB Nevadensis, Watson. 

21. JnncuB sp. 

No8. 18, 19, 20, and 21. Found at the border of river in wet locations. 

22. Jancus, sp. Found in a damp meadow near river. 

23. Elyxnus triticoideB, Nutt. Common in rather low places near river, growing so 

thickly as to seem artificially sown. Cattle eat it only wheii young. 

24. SporoboluB airoides, Torr. Grows in wet meadows and along water-courses. 

Cattle eat it green and as hay. 

25. Panicaxn dichotomum, L. Found on sandy spot near river. 

27. FoBtuca MyuruB, L. Grows very thick in meadow near river. 

28. Polypogon littoralis, Smith 

29. Polsrpogon MonapelleiiBiB, Desf. 

30. AgroBtiB verticillata, Trin. 

Nob. 28, 29, and liO were found in a wet meadow near river. 

Nos. 32 to 107 and 150 to 160 were collected under pines, at a height of 
6,000 or 7,000 feet, upon the Green Horn Mountains, 10 or 12 miles west 
of Kernville, Kern County, Cal., Juno 7 to 15, 1888. 

32. Nemophila parvlfiora, Doug. Grows close to the ground, under shade of bushes. 

Flowers light lilac. 

33. ChaenactlB BantolinoideB, Greene. Large, compact plant, 2 feet high; blos- 

soms freely. Flowers creamy white. 

34. Comandra umbellata, Nutt. A loose, scraggy plant, growing sparsely upon 

hill-sides. Flowers dingy white. 

35. Eriogonum vaganB, Watson. Very common. Found under pines and oaks upon 

slopes and level places upon ridges. 

23483— No. 1 1 ' 1 



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2 

36. Oilia androsacea, Steud. Very couimoD, growing under trees, and also in un- 

protected places. Flowers white. 

37. Hexnizonella Durandi, Gray. Abundant in moist, ricli soil. Flowers yellow. 

38. Ribes Mensieaii, Pursh. Forms thick bushes, 3 to 5 feet high, producing abun- 

dantly a spiny fruit of old-gold color, which is utilized by the inhabitants, 
who, by cooking and removing the hulls, make it into jam. 

39. Gilia androsacea, Steud. Grows abundantly under trees. The white, fragrant 

llowers change to pink, which takes on a purple tinge in drying. 

40. Blrynitzkia moriculata, Gray. Grows sparsely on dry exposed place •<. lilos- 

Honi white. 

41. Kryuitzkia ambig;ua, Gray. Common under oaks and pines. Flowers white. 

42. Mentzelia dispersa, Watson. Habitat as 41. Flowers yellow. 

43. Hosackia aericea, Benth. Not common. Grows upon sloping banks among 

other plants. Flowers yellow. 

44. Bsohscholtzia peniuBularis, Greene. Only a few plants, nearly past blooming, 

were seen. 

45. Salvia sp. Found upon exposed, hill-sides, appearing as if artificially sown. 

The Mexicans and Indians call this ^'Chia." They make from the seeds a 
cooling beverage. 

46. Mentzelia congesta, Torr. & Gray. Scattered thinly among grasses and other 

plants. Flowera yellow. 

47. LathyruB Bolanderl, Watson. Grows 2 or 3 feet high at the foot of bushes. 

Flowers are at first cream color, changing gradually to wood color, then to 
snufl' color. All these changes may bo observed upon one plant. 

48. Sanicula tuberosa, Watson. Grows in the shade of other plants and bushes. 

Flowers yellow. 

49. Eriophylloin caepitosam, Dougl., var. latifoliom, Gray. Found in expoaed 

situations. Gaudy flowers of dark orange hue. 

50. Lemmonia Califomica, Gray. Very common on slopes of shady banks. Flow- 

ers white. 

51. Layia glandulosa, Hook. «& Am. Grows in exposed situations. Flowers whit«. 

52. Trifoliom pauciflomm, Nutt. Grows in thick masses near springs. The wiue- 

colorcd llower is tipped with white. 

53. Tiifoliom microcephalom, Pursh. Habitat as 52. Flowers lavender. 

54. Chsenactis heterocarpha, Gray. Grows on exposed hill-sides. Flowers orange- 

colored. 

55. Convolvulus villosus, Gray. Grows close to the ground in shady places upon 

hill-sides. Flowers canaiy yellow. 

56. Tellixna Cymbalaria, Walp. Common among other plants in rich, moist loca- 

tions. Flowers white. 

57. Gilia achillesefolia, I^nth. Found on level si>ots undt^r oaks and pines among 

other plants. 

58. Chaenactis Xautiana, Gr. Habitat as 57. Flowers creamy white. 

59. ChamaBbatia folioloaa, Benth. Common ; large numbers growing together in • 

shade and in sunlight. From 1 to 1^ feet high. Flowers wlyte, the petals 
falling soon. 

60. Eryaimum asperum, D. C. Grows sparsely. Flowers orange. 

61. ThysanocarpuB curvipes, Hook. Common upon hill-sides among other plants. 

Flowers whit«». 

62. Evaz caulescens, Gray. Found in clusters by themselves, in exp«>sed localities, 

63. Qeraniuxn incisum, Nutt. Grows in bunches in ravines. Flowers lilao. 

64. Polygonum imbricatum, Nutt. Abundant in wet places, among grasses and 

other plants. 

65. Rubus Nutkauus, Moc. Shrub 3 to 5 feet high growing in cafions. Flowers 

white. 



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66. Godetia viminea, Spacb. Abandaut iu oxpoued situations. Showy plant. 

Flowers satiny wbite, blotcbed with plum color. 

67. CoUinsia grandiflora, Dou«;l. Abundant under bbade of trees. Flowers 

creamy white. 

68. CoUinsia "Wilghtii, Watson. Proc. Amor. Acad., XXIV. (A part of the type). 

Habitat as 67. Flowers bine and white. 

69. Monardella linoides, Gray. Grows in shade upon hill-sides, in clumps. Very 

few in flower. Color li«^ht purple. Fragrance like Bergamot. 

70. Arabia repanda, Watson. Moist shady localities. Flowers white. 

71. Pentatemon breviflorus, Lindl. Many stems, grows among rocks and bushes. 

Flowers ci-eamy-white. 

72. Delpbinium aimplez, Dougl. Found upon hill slopes at tlie roots of other 

plants. 

73. Eriogonuxn virgatxini, Benth. Grows in exposed localities. Flowers sulphur- 

yellow. 
74a. Mimulns montioides, Gray. 
746. Bfimulas nasutus, Greene. In shady places near springs. Flowers orange 

color with snuti:-colored dots and markings. 
75. Blimulus mosohatua, Dougl. Foaud near springs. Flowers yellow, with st rong 

odor of musk. 
76 M?»d<« elegana, Don. In shady places, among other plants. Flowers close in 

day. 

77. Monardella villosa, Benth., var. leptoaiphon, Torr. Found in shade u|k)u 

hillsides. Flowers lilac, with mint fragrance. 

78. Gilia glutinosa. Gray. Common in shady and exposed [>ositions, among otber 

plants. Flowers violet color. 

79. Phacelia corvipes, Torr. Found iu moist places near springs. Flowers violet. 
BOa. Viola pedonculata. 

806. Viola praemorsa, Dougl. Grows in level places among other plants. 

81. Gilia tenella, Benth. Common in shade of trees upon hills. Flowers pink. 

82. Brodiaea laxa, Watson. Bulbous plants growing iu low places among otber 

plants. Flowers bluish purple. 

83. Brodiaea isloides, Watson. Habitat of 82. 

84. Gomphocarpus tomentosus, Gray. Plant gt'ows with tbree or four stems and 

has an unnsnally whito appearance. Flowoi-s garnet color. 

85. Gomphocarpus cordifoliua, Gray. Grows in exposed places, throwing up 

several stems. The first leaves bave a bronzed look which fades in drying. 
Calyx seal-brown, then cberry-red, petals dirty white. 

86. Mimnloa nanus, Hook, and Arn. Commou in both exposed and in sbuded 

localities. Flowers showy bright cherry-red, lower part of the tube yellow. 

87. Symphoricarpus mollis, Nutt. Small bush, '.\ feet high, found in ravines. 

88. Vicia Americana, Muhl., var. truncata, Brewer. Grows among bushes, undt^r 

trees. Flowers violet. 

89. Lathyrus palnstris, L., var. myrtifblium. Gray. Habitat as 88. Flower dark 

cberry-red. 

90. Rhamnus crocea, Nutt. Compact evergreen shrub, 3 feet high, grows upon 

upper edge of a ravine. 

92. Orthocarpns pnrpnrascens, Benth. var. Palmeri Gray. Low places among 

plants. Flowers dark lilac. 

93. Anisocoma acaule, T. &, G. Found on expose<l hill-sides. Plant very succu- 

lent. Flower yellow. 

94. Iris Hartwegi, Baker. Grows upon level rich soil, several plants near each 

other. Flowers at Grst lilac, fading later to lavender. 

95. Brodiaea capitata, Benth. Found in low moist places. 

96. Habenaria Unalaschensis, Watson. Grows iu the shade, in low moist places 



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97. CSnothera gaurasflora, T. & G. Not common. Plant 2 to 3 feet bigli, growiog 

iu rather Hbady mtuatious in rich soil. Flowers wbite. 

98. Comus Californica, Meyer. A loose growing shrub 3 to 5 feet high, found 

near Hprings in low moist soil. Flower white. 

99. Polygouum Bistorta, L. Found in a swamp near spring. Flower white. 

100. CynogloBBum occidentale, Gray. Grows on level ground with rich soil. 

Flower greenish snuff-color. 

101. Ribes sanguiueum, Pursh. Plant a shrub of loose branching habit, 5 to G 

feet high. In caSions. 

102. Ranunculus Califomicus, Beuth. Grows in rich moist bottoms, near sprin;;s. 

Flower golden yellow. 

103. Aquilegia truncata, Fisch. &, Mey. Damp shady locations. 

104. Gilia grandiflora. Gray. In shade on hill-sides. Very sparse. Flowers old- 

gold color. 

105. Helianthus ( ? ) invenuatua, Greene. (Pitt. 1, 284.) (The type of the species). 

Grows on level places in low rich soil, in large clusters. Flower golden 
yellow. 
106fi. Balaamorrhiza deltoidea, Nutt. 
lOeb. Helianthella Cymbalaria, Pursh. Habitat as 105. No flowers. 

Nos. 107 to 150. Plants collected on the North Fork of Kern River, near 
Kemville, Kern County, Cal., June 7 to 15. 

108. Ranunculus Cymbalaria, Pursh. Wet valley near river; found it i|lso in wet 

places upon Green Horn Mountains. ITlower yellow. 

109. Horkelia, sp. Grows in gravelly spot near river. Only one specimen with one 

spike of flowers found. 

110. Tiifoliuxn tridentatum, Lindl. Found but one plant, in a wet grassy meadow. 

111. Rumez salicifolius, Weinman. In a gravelly ** washout '' near river. 

112. Lupinus brevicaulis, Watson. Same habitat as 111. Flower white above, 

blue at the lower part. 

113. Lupinus micranthus, Dougl. Same as 112. Flower very small. 

114. Lupinus confertus, Kell. On the edge of wet meadow. Flower at first laven- 

der, then the standard becoming snu£P-oolored, and the keel, wood color. 

115. Lupinus Stiver!, Kell. Found on a sandy spot in river bottom. Compact 

plant. Profuse bloomer. Flower standard yellow, keel silvery pink, which 
iu drying fades to blue. 

116. Nicotiana Bigelovii, Watson. Very common plant. Flower white. 

117. Hosackia decumbens, Benth. Trailing, found on gravelly spots near river 

banks. 

118. Briogonum sazatile, Watson. Habitat as 117. 

119. Briogonom virmineum. Dougl. Habitat as 117. 

120. Briogonum virgatum, Benth. Habitat im 117. 

121. Brigeron caespitosum, Nutt. Habitat as 117. Flowers lilac. 

122. Brigeron divergens, T. & G. Found in wet meadows, near river banks. 

123. Qlnothera Californica, Watson. Gravelly situations near river banks. 

Flower white. 

124. Ranunculus aquatilis, L., var. trlcJiophyllus, Gray. Abundant in river and 

water ditches. Flower white. 

125. Abroniaturbinata, Torr. Abundant in gravelly meadows near river. Flowers 

fragrant, white. 

126. Monardella candicans, Benth. Grows sparsely in gravel near river. Flowers 

white, with mint fragrance. 

127. Oilia Matthewsii, Gray. Grows plentifully on level places iu gravel near 

river. Blossom pink with dark purple throat. 
128a. Krynitzkia muriculata. Gray. 
1286. Krynitzkia circumscissa. Gray. Habitat as 127. 



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130. Lesoingia leptoolada, Gray, var. microcephala, Gray. Common on dry hill- 

sitles, in placed that have been closely grazed 1»y sheep. 

131. Hemizonia Heermanui, Greene. Plant common where shei*}) have been pas- 

tured until all vegetation has been destroyed; It has an offensive mlor. 

132. Matricaria disooidea, D C. Found in low moist places. Odor like "dog- 

fennel." 

134. Gilia floccosa, Gray. Scattered, on a sandy place near the river. Flower, 

white. 

135. Galium trifidom, L., var. latifolium. Found among bushes on river bank. 

136. Ranunctilus Cjrmbalaria, Pursh. Grows in wet meadow. 

137. Gilia inconspicua, Dougl. Found on sandy spots near river, also upon the 

Green Horn Mountains. Flower pink, with white throat. 

138. Eriogonum anguloaum, Benth. Found near the river upon sand gravel. 

139. Glycyrrhiza lepidota, Nutt. Grows along river banks. 

140. Castilleia stenantha^ Gray. Found in wet places among grasses and other 

plants. Flower scarlet. 

141. Boisduvalia denaiflora, Watson. Found in wet meadows with other plants. 

Flowers white. 

142. Trifolium involncratum, Willd. Abundant in wet meadows. 

143. Hosackia Purahiana, Benth. Habitat as 142, with which it in mowed for hay. 
144a. Stachya albena, Gray. 

1446. Stachya ajugoidea, Benth. Wet places beside river. Flower strong, weedy 
odor. 

145. Lepiditim intermedium. Gray. Gravelly soil near river. 

146. Scutellaria ang;uatifolia, Pursh. Fonnd in damp, sandy soil near river. 

Hower navy blue. 

147. Xhrythnea Douglaaii, Gray. Found in a damp, shady locality near banks of 

river. 

148. MimoluB floribundua, Dougl. In moist, sandy soil near river. 

149. Cuacuta decora, Cbois. Grows in wet meadows in thick bunches. Flowers 

white ; fragrant. 

150. Blrynitzkia anguatifolia, Gray. Dry, sandy gravel near river bunk. 

152. Hieracium horridom, Fries. Grows in largo clusters in exposed nooks in 

rocky masses, out of the direct rays of the sun. Flowers yellow. 

153. Sagina occidentalia, Watson. Abundant in a wet gully formed by a spring. 

154. Mimnlna ezilia, Dnrand. Grows thickly in a moist, grassy bottom. Flower 

yellow. 

155. Gayophytnm difinamn, T. & G. Fonnd on mountain slopes in shade of 

bushes. Flower white, changing to pink at night as it closes up. 

156a. Gayophytnm racemoanm, T. & G. 

1566. Gayophytmn pomilum, Watson. Very common on sandy or stony mount- 
ain ridges. Flower white. 

157. Pentstemon glaber, Pursh. Fonnd on mountain slopes. Flower purplish-blue. 

158. ChaDnactia Douglaaii. Hook, dc Arn. Grows in good soil at the edge of a low 

run. Flower creamy-white. 

159. Kelloggia galioides, Torr. Found in rather shady situation. Flowers white 

within, roQo colored outside. • 

160. Apocynum androaaDmifolitmi, L., var. pumilum. Gray. Grows in rich low 

ground. Found only one plant in flower. 
Nos. 161-223. Collected at Long Meadow, July 7 to 14. Long Meadow. 
Tulare County. Cal., situated 8,000 to 9,000 feet above sea-level, 20 
miles due north from Kernville, being two days' journey by a circuitons 
ronte in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The meadow has water-courses 
of different extent, and the soil is more or less swampy. It is sur- 
rounded by an irregular, broken mountain country. 



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6 

161. Mimulus primuloides, Gray. Comniou, growing iu clusters iu a grassy luaisli. 

CoroUa yollow ; tbe throat has a few brown dots, with a larger one fally ex- 
posed above them ; this has auother upon (hither side. 

162. Hosackia oblonglfolia, Beutb. Comiuou in grassy swamp. Flower; keel, 

canary color ; standard, orange color. 

163. Stellaria loDgipes, Goldie. 

164. Stellaria crispa, C. & S. 

165. Galium trifidom, L. 

16.^, KJ4, and 165 in moist, grassy bottoms among other plants. 

166. Laurentia camosula, Benth. Somewhat rare. Fonnd by tho side of a small 

stream that drains a grassy marsh. Flowers bine, with white center. 
168. Bahia Palmeri, Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad., XXIV, 83. Growing sparsely at 
the base of slopes. Flower creamy. Type. 

170. Horkelia fusca, Lindl. Very common on rather dry bottoms. Flower white. 

171. Potentilla glandulosa, Lindl, var. Nevadensis, Watson. 

173. Iveaia BantoUnoides, Gray. Very common on rocky slopes. Flowers white. 

174. Spragaea umbellata, Torr. Found in rich, moist locations. 

175. Hulsea vestita, Gray. In bnuches on sloping sides of ridges. Flower cherry- 

re<l upon outside, orange-yellow in center. 

176. Mimulus deflexus, Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad., XXIV, 84. Fonnd on tho 

dry borders of low, wet places. Flowers, lower part of petals, plnm-color 
upper, oranges Type. 

177. Polygonum tenue, Mx. Grows in clnstors at the <lry borders of a marhh. 

178. Aster Andersoni, Gray. Found in wet bottoms. Flowers purplish-blue. 

179. Briogonum stellatum, Benth. Fonnd on sides of stony ridges. 

180. Trichostema oblongum, Benth. Plants clustered together, forming compact 

masses among thickly growing grasses. Very otfensive odor. 

181. Eriogonum spergulinum, (iray. Very common on low hill slopes. 

182. Trifolium monanthimi, Gr.iy. Fonnd in griissy swamps. Petals white, 

bronze blotch in center. 

183. Krynitzkia afiELnis, Gray. Common, shady, rich location near water. 

184. Draba stenoloba, Ledeb. Fonnd on wet bottoms. Flowers white. 

185. Silene Bemardina, Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad., XXIV, 82. (Jrows on sha<Iy 

slopes. Flower dingy-white. Type. 

186. Heuchera rubescens, Torr. Found in large bnnchos. somewhat shaded by 

rocky ledges. Flowers white. 

187. Spiraea discolor, Pnrsh., var. ariaefolia, Watson. A shrab 4 to .5 feet high, 

of irregnlar growth. Kocky soil. 

188. Pentstemon Menziesii, Hook. Found in large bunches on rocky slo|>es. 

Flowers dark crimson, with white center. 

189. Krynitzkia Califomica, Gray. Found among other plants, bordering a wet, 

grassy bottom. 

190. Krynitzkia Califomica, Gray. Habitat as 1S9. 

191. Lupinus Breweri, Gray. Found close to the ground, in round bunches, on 

rocky slopes. Flowers purplish-blue. 

192. Arabia platysperma. Gray. In shade of pines. 

193. Velaea vestita. Coulter & Rose. At tlie base of ridges in shade of trees and 

bushes. 

194. Arnica foliosa, var. incana. Gray. Very common in the drier x>ortion8 of 

grassy bottoms. Many plants growing together, forming irregnlar masses. 
Flowers yellow. 

195. Arenaria pungens, Nutt., var. gracilis. Prostrate, numerous, in rounded 

masses. Flower white. 

196. Eriogonum spergulintun. Gray. Common ; found upon level places under 

shade of pine, so numerous that the white dowers attract attention. 



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197. Claytonia ChamisBonis, EhcIi. Common along tho edges of small rivnleU 

that drain grassy swamps. Snccnlont plant. Flowers white. 
196. Veronica Americana, Scliwcin. Habitat as 197. Flower blue. 

199. Viola blanda, Willd. Common with grasses in swamp. 

200. Lednm glandulosom, Natt. Plant about 3 feet high, growing in olustera 

on the edge of a grassy swamp, surrounded by pines. Saw it in this locality 
only. 

201. Zauchsneria Califomica, Prenl. Small plant found upon the slope of a ridge. 

Flower crimson. 

202. Gilia sp. Found in bunches in tlie shade of pine« nx>on slopes. Flower white, 

variegated with lilac. 

203. Sidalcea Califomlca, Gray. Grows iu grassy swamps. Flower rose color, 

white base. 

204. Eriogontun marifolitun, T. <& G. Abundant. Under pines, in a light soil in a 

bottom, surrounded by a rooky ridge. 

205. Phacelia ramoaissinia, Dougl. Found growing among large rocky masses. 

Flower lavender color. 

206. Solanum umbellifemm, Esch. Grows in groups among shrubs and rocks. 

Flower blue, shaded with lilac. 

207. Eriogonum "Wrightil, Torr. Grows on rocky ledges. 

208. Pentstemon Bridgesii, Gray. Found on shady slopes. Flower scarlet. 

209. Artemisia discolor, Dongl., var. incompta, Gray. Found in sha<ly ravine. 

Stiong odor. 

210. Eriophyllum confertifionim, Gray. In clusters among shrubs and pines. 

Flower golden-yellow. 

211. Hypericum formosum. H. B. K. In grassy swamps. Flower golden-yellow. 

212. Dodecathrou Jeffre]ri» Moore. In grassy swamps. Flower rose, with white 

base. 

213. Hosackia crassifolia, Benth. Found in shady ravines. Flower bronze-color. 

214. Galium multiflorum, Kell. Found among bushes and rocks. 

215. Thalictrum sparsiflonim, Tnrcz. Growing in grivssy swamp under shade of 

bushes. 

216. Saliz flavescena, Nutt. Straggling shrub, (> to 8 feet high, growiug near a 

grassy swamp. 

217. Arabia perfoliata, Lam. Flower white. Found in grassy swamps. 

218. 219, 220, 221. Epilobium alpintmi, L. The last four are found in grassy 

swamps. Flower white-rose color at night. 

222. Senecio triangularis, Hook. Found in a ravine near rnnning water. Flower 

yellow. 

223. Habenaria leucostachys, Watson. Grows in grassy swamps. Flower white. 

Nos. 22.3-226. Collected at Victor, June 25 to 27. Victor is 45 miles north 
of San Bernardino, in San Bernardino County, on the branch road 
from this place to the junction of the Atlantic and Pacillc roa<l. 
2234. Lycium Cooperi, Gray. A rough, thorny shrnb, 4 feet high. Fruit orange- 
colored. 

224. Kochia Americana, Watson. Plant 2 feet high. Fonnd at the edge of alkali 

bottom. 

225. Thelypodium integrifolium, End). Very abundant plant in the rich soil of 

a gnu»8y bottom. Have fonnd specimens 1) feet high, which is very unusual. 
The leaves are cooked and eaten by the Indians. Cattle do not seem to feed 
upon this. Flowers white. 

226. Aphyllon Califomicnm, Gray. Found among salt grasses on alkaline bottoms. 

The Indians nse this a« an article of food. 



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No8. 297-23(^. Grasses collected at Victor, San Bernardiuo County, Cal., Jnne 25 to 
27, 1888. 

227. Paspalum disticliuiii, L. 

228. Phleum pratenae, L. Found at the border of the Mojave River, above the 

reach of animalp. 

229. ZSlymus triticoides, Nntt. Found in large patches looking like grain, in good 

soil, near springs on alkali bottoms. 

230. Sporobulus asperifolius, Thnrb. Found in large plota among other plants, 

ontsido an alkali flat bordering a pond. 

No«. 231-247. Grasses collected at Long Mea<low, Tnlare County, Cal., July 7 to 14. 

231. Deschampsia csespitosa, Beanv., var. confinis, Yasoy. Abundant in grassy 

marshes, so firmly rooted that it is difficult to obtain specimens with roots. 

232. Stipa occidentalis, Thurb. Found in clusters with sparsely-growing pines, on 

low exposed divides. 

233. Bromns OrcuttiaiiUB, VaKoy. Widely dispersed upon slopes shade<l by pines 

and oaks. 

234. Alopecurus aristalatus, Michx. Rare ; in large patches in moist, grassy bot- 

tom. 

235. Olyceria anindinacea, Kuntli. In the shade of bushes on the bonier of a 

swamp. 

236. Deschampsia elongata, Muuro. Very abundant in grassy swamps, on the 

bordci-s of streams. 

237. Deschampsia elongata, Munro. 

238. Agrostis scabra, var. Common in wet meadows and on the banks of creeks. 

239. Agi'ostis scabra, Willd. Found along streams of water; rare. 

240. Melica stricta, Boland. Not common. Found in bunches nnder shade of trees 

upon mountain slopes. 

241. Deschampsia calycina, Presl. Found upon grassy bottoms that had become 

dried. 

242. Poa Bolanderi, Vasey. Somewhat dispersed through a grassy bottom. 

243. Elymns Sitanion, Schultz. Rare, on slopes among other plants. 

244. Stipa stricta, Vasey. Same habitat as 243. 

245. Agropyrum glaucnm, R. <& S. A single plant found in a swampy place 

among other grasses. 

246. Festuca microstachys, Nutt. Found at the base of a slope, in the shade of 

bushes. 

247. Juncus Nevadensis, Watson. Found in grassy swamps along streams. 



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LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY DR. EDWARD PALMER IN 
LOWER CALIFORNIA IN 1889. 



By Grorok Vasky aod J. N. Rose. 



In volume xi of the Proceedings of the TJ, S. National Musenm we 
published an account of the plants of San Quentin and a partial report 
on those collected about Lagoon Head. The present paper will begin with 
the Lagoon Head plants, and will incl ude a list of the species of Oedros, San 
Benito, and Guadalupe Islands. Mr, T. S. Brandegee, of the California 
Academy of Science, collected over some of the same ground visited by 
Dr. Palmer, and has rediscovered several of the new species described 
in the former paper. And now several of the species recently described 
by him are included in the present list. We are indebted to a number 
of botanists for assistance in the working up of these plants ; especially 
to Dr. Sereno Watson, who has carefully looked over doubtful forms, 
and to Mr. William Canby, who has generously loaned us many speci- 
mens. Other botanists who have aided us in identifying species will 
be referred to in the proper place. In this paper we give reference to 
the first publication of the species, under the genus in which it is now 
included, when not found in the Botany of California or Gray's Syn. 
Flora. 

PLANTS OF LAGOON HEAD. 

A partial list of the plants of this region has been published in the 
Proceedings of the National Museum, vol. xi, pp. 534-^36. 

Lagoon Head, Lower California, the Cabo Negro of the old Spanish 
charts, is a high, dark-colored headland of volcanic origin ; it« highest 
point is 476 feet above high-water mark, and in clear weather it can be 
seen at a distance of 30 to 40 miles, presenting the appearance of an 
island. 

794. EBchflcholtzia peninsnlaiis Greene. Ball. Cal. Acad, I. 6 8. In the sand 
plain back from the ocean. Only a few plants found in bloom. 

823. Eschscholtzia minutiflora Watson. Fonnd in a caflon 30 miles inland, 
growing in sandy soil ; "roots qnite red." If this is correctly referred, the 
range of the species is extended considerably sonthward. 

9 



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834. Biscutella Califomica B. & If. Mr. Watson thinks tliis may be distinct 
from B. Calif or iiica. Dr. Pailuier reiH>rts it very common on tlie sandy bills 
and pbiin near tbe beach. The ** yellowish white" becoming pnrple id 
drying. 

815. Arabia peotinata Greene. Pitt. I. 287. This recently described species of Mr. 
Greene was c\>IIocted this season by Lieutenant Pond at San Bartolome 
Bay and also on Cedros Island by Dr. Palnier. Collected on sandy spot 
among hills 40 miles back fromtho ocean. ** Bloom white changed to manve 
by age." 

821. SiBymbrium Brandegeana Rose, n. sp. Annual, glabrons, slender, simple 
or branching, 6 to ir> inches high: leaves small (1 to 2 inches long), 
pinnat4^1y divided into a few fiiitbrni segineiits: petals one and one-half 
lines long, twice the length of the si^pals, white: pods th roe-fourths of an 
inch long, terete, horizontal, or sometimes l)eooming reflexed, sometimes 
straight but mostly curving npward, tipped with a thick, obtuse style (one 
line long), on short pedicels. Common in shady soil al)out the beach. 

767. Drymaria viscosa Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad., XX, 4G7. A very common 

plant on sandy places near the ocean. Tbe plants grow in great mats cov- 
ering the saiid. Ouly before collected by Mr. C. R. Orcutt in northern 
Lower California and by Mr. Braudegee at Magdalena Island and San Qre- 
goria. Dr. Palmer has collected a large (Quantity of this plant. 

765. Eroditim Tezanum Gray. Common on gravelly hills. 

818. Fagonia Califomica Bent h. Grows among rocks in ai cafion 30 miles inland- 

827. Tlie same. But three plants found on the hills near tlio beach. 

829. Phaseolus filiformis Benth. Vei-y conmion on the sand hills near the beach. 

797. Lupinus Arizonicus Watson. Common on the sani) plains back of the beach. 
Some flowers are white, others are drab-colored. 

790. Calliandra Califomica Benth. 

776. Astragalus triflorus Gray. Very abundant near the beach. 

791. Hosackia glabra Torr. A very common plant 40 miles inland, grows com- 

pact. 

777. Hosackia maritima Ni^tt. Sandy, level places, 15 miles from the sea; bloom 

yellow. 
820. Hosackia rigida Benth. Stems flexuose, much branched at base; leaves 

sessile, with small leaflets. Po<luncles long (2 to 4 inches). Pods almost 

terete, 1^ to 2 inches long. Found in a caHon '^0 miles inland. Tbe plant 

most resembles Palmer's (175), 1876, from Arizona. 
813. H Bryant! Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad., 2<l. ser. II, 144. 

769. CBnothera crassifolia Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., 1. 156. Stems annual or 

biennial, glabrous and very glaucous; leaves linear or narrowly lanceolate, 
entire or si nnately toothed. Capsule linear, much contorted. We have not 
seen Mr. Greene's type, but the plant does not seem to l>e the same as 
Orcutt's specimens. Very common on the sand hills and depressions near the 
beach. ** Showy colored flowers," more or less purplish on drying. 

772. CBnothera septrostigma Brandg. Proc. Cal. Acad., 2nd. ser. II, 156. Sandy 

plains; 10 miles inland. Part of type. 
771. CBnothera angelorum Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad., XXIV. 49. Forty 
miles inland. 

768. Filago Arizonica Gray. 

773. Viguiera Purisimae Brand igce. 2d. ser. II. 173. 

Franseria dumosa Nntt. This is the same iis Palmer^s 559 (from Los Angeles 
Bay, 1887). The leaves are nnich more coarsely cut, and the spines hardly 
flattened and hooked at tip. A compact plant 2 feet high, abundant on the 
hills near the sea. 

770. Franseria Bryanti Curran. 



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11 

793. Vigtdera laciniataGray. Three to fonr foet bip:h. In stony ravines 30 miles 
back from the ocean, and there common. 

826. HelianthoB dealbatus Gray. Clearly an annual; quite common on the sand 
hill near the beach, growing thickly together. This is the most soathern 
station of this species. Besides the station given in Syn. Flora, is to be 
added Orcntt's Locovrs (1886) plant; also at Ensenada and recently Santa 
Margarita Island, by Mr. Brandegeo. For this species Mr. Brandegee takes 
up Bcntham'sold specific name of -^nc^/ia nivea and writes If. iiiveus, 

822. Enoelia frntescens Gray. Common on the hills 40 miles back from the ocean ; 
3 to 4 feet high. 

828. Eucelia Ventonim Brandegeo. Proc. Cal. Acad., 2d. ser. ii, 175. 

795. Leptosyne parthenioides Gray. Var. disnecta, Wat. Proc. Am. Aca«l., xxiv, 
:J6. Dr. Palmer says this plant has a wide range on the sandy ])Iains and 
hills. Seen 40 miles back from the ocean; bloom at first white, but soon 
becoming purplish. Tlie margin of the akenes are incurved in age, with no 
pappus, muricnlate on the back. The only other collection of the species, 
that we know of, is that of Palmer at Los Angeles Bay. This plant Dr. 
Watson took to be the Acoma dissccta of Benth., but the rediscovery of that 
species by Mr. Brandegee the past season shows that Miey are not the same. 
Therefore Palmer^s Los Angeles plant is the type of L. parthenioiden var. 
dissecta Watson y and is not to be confounded with L. dinecta Gray. 

787. Amblyopappus pusillus H. & A. Very abundant on hills. 

782. Eriophyllam lanosam Gray. 

778. Chaeuactis lacera Greene. Pitt., V, 29. This species was first collected by 
Lieutenant Pond, at San Bartliolome Bay, in March, 1H89. Dr. Palmer col- 
lected! it about the same time in considerable quantity. It grows in low 
sandy places near the ocean. Said to be a ver>- fieshy plant. The stems and 
leaves purplish. "Bloom white" or turned by age to rose. 

786. Dysodia anthemidifolia Benth. First collected by the Sulphur, also Dr. 
Streets, recently by Lieutenant Pond, at San Bartholome Bay, and Brandegee. 
Very common on the sandy plains, near the sea-beach, and extending for miles 
back from the ocean. Dr. Palmer says it is a showy plant for cultivation, 
with bright amber-colored flowers and an odor like the African Marigold. 

817. Malacothriz Califomica D. C. Flowers "showy, yellowish white." Outer 
pappus three to four persistent bristles. Sometimes with branching scapes. 
Lenmion also collected snch a form in 1875. So far as we know this species 
has not before been found out of California. Dr. Palmer re^iorts it very com- 
mon in the sand-hills about the bay. 

814. Philbertia linearis Gray. A small trailing plant about 3 feet long, twining 
about bushes or prostrate on the ground, often rooting at the nodes. The 
older stems develop a very thick corky bark. The whole plant is glabrous, 
except the inflorescence, which is very pubcjscent. The llowers are *• canary 
white." * 

774. Gilia Jonesii Gray. Only a few-plants seeji and these all collected in the hilly 
country, 40 miles from the ocean. This species is only known from Jones's 
specimen from the Needles, southeast California (IH84). We have not yet 
seen the type, but the species certainly goes into the section JAnanthus, and 
there is nothing in Gray^s meager description to keep it out of G. Jonesii. 

780. Krynitzkia intermedia Gray. A very common plant 2.0 miles from the ocean. 

781. Krynitzkia maritima Greene. The nutlets often of two kinds, both matur- 

ing. The glabrous nutlets acute on the edge. The leaves often broader a't 
the base. 

829. Rnmez hymenosepaluB Torr. Called "Yerba Colorado." Much used as a 

medicine, especially in venereal diseases, lle^h wounds, etc. The young tops 
sometimes used as greens in California. 



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12 

788.* Argythamnia serrata Mahl. Var. Magdalenas, Millsp. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2d. 
ser.; ii, 221. Found in sandy places between the hills contiguons to seabeach ; 
has very long roots. 

785. Stillingia linearifolia Watson. Grows in the hollows between hills near the 
sea beach among shrnbs and plants, loose grower. 

783. Euphorbia polycarpa Benth., var. vestdta Watson. Hills 40 miles back 
from the ocean. Plants quite scattering. 

789. Euphorbia Pondii Millspangh, sp. nov. Annnal, prostrate, spreading from 
the base. Stems glabrons, (3 to 6 centimeters long), dichotoniously branch- 
ing. Leaves ovate, obtnse, entire, (H to3 millimeters long, 1 to 2 millimeters 
broad) ; petioles hairy, (one-fonrth to three- fourths the length of the blade); 
stipules large, bluntly triangular, margined with two to four fascicles of 
cilisB. Indoresconoe solitary in the upper axils, and terminal upon the 
youngest branchlets; involucres turbinate, sessile, slightly hairy; glanda 
four, transversely ovate, minute, dark red ; appendages minute, white, or- 
bicular, deeply two crenate-toothed on the margin, or wanting; styles bi- 
furcate to the middle. Capsule trisnlcate ; carpels carinate and slightly tu- 
berculate; seeds elongated, quadrangular, femigiuous between the angles. 
Described from a specimen collected at Plaza Maria, Lower California, in 
1889, by Lieut. Chas. F. Pond, U. S. Navy; also Gaudalupe Island by Palmer. 
A form with smooth capsules and more turgid seeds is in this collection. 
Hills 40 miles back from sea beach, the plants have a yellow shading when 
fresh. 

792. Euphorbia Xanti Engl. Typical specimens of both sorts, the white and the 
red appendiculate, that prove the shrubblness of the species. Abundant, 
25 to 40 miles back from the ocean ; loose grower, pinkish- white flowera. 
Sometimes old plants are met with that have deep, rose-colored flowers. 

775. Chorlzanthe Vaeeyi Parry & Rose. Bot. Gaz., XV, 64. A figure of this 
plant accompanies the description. Among hills, 40 miles inland. 

779. Allium Californicum Rose, n. sp. Bulbs cespitose, narrowly oblong with dark 
red coats, deep seated (3 to 4 inches), scapes terete, 3 to 5 inches high : 
leaves three to five, linear, mostly shorter than the scape: spathe two- 
valved and these ovate, acute : umbel somewhat open, four to five rayed : 
^ pedicels 5 to 8 lines long : flowers ** dark mauve color," with lanceolate- 

acuminate segments : stamens and style included : capsule obtuse, with two 
ovules in a cell, but one (rarely two) of the ovules mature. 

A species closely related to A. hemcetoohitoHf Wat. Hilly country 40 miles 
back from the ocean ; ** Grows in stiff clay ; odor strong of onions." 

G54. Arlstida Califomioa Thurb. This peculiar grass grows in small, compact 
bunches. It has a wide range on sandy soil and gravelly hills. It is the 
only grass in this section which affords forage for wild or domestic animals, 
and as it is generally found (as shown by many of these specimens) denuded 
of Ua leaves, while the flowers and seed-tops remain intact, the inference 
would be that wild animals (domestic animals are few here) crop the leaves 
while the grass is tender. 

655. Festuea tenella Willd. Var. (very small.) A common grass, especially where 
water is retained in sandy arroyos and plains. Seldom found with the ap- 
pearance of having been cropped by animals. 

651. Aristida bromoides H. B. K. Common on sandy slopes and places where 

moisture is retained, growing so thickly that they seem sown for a lawn. 

652. Triodia pulchella H. B. K. Found iu tuft« on a gravelly ridge. 

653. Muhlenbergia debilis Trin. These, the only ones found, were associated 

with 651. 

• Euphorbiaceoi determined by C. F. Millspaugh. 



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13 



CEDROS ISLAND PLANTS. 

Dr. Palmer spent three days on the north end of tbiH island, March 
18 to 20, and made a large and valaable collection. His numbers run 
from 677 to 7G4, and unfortunately are partly duplicated in the San 
Quentin collection of the same year. 

Mr. Greene has published (Pittonia, vol. 1, 200-208) a list of the 
known species of this island, and also a supplement {l. c, 266-269) list- 
ing ninety-one species. Dr. Palmer has added at this time forty-three 
species to the flora of the island. Dr. Streets, who visited this island in 
1876, and made a small collection, found here Ahutilon Leinmoni, which 
has not been since rediscovered. Mr. Belding has also collected here, 
but not very extensively. The species now known to the island are 
one hundred and thirty-five. 

For convenience we give here all the si)ecies not given in Mr, Greene's 
list, and we also add in parenthesis, his number after species found in 
his list: 



Draha Sonorte Greene. 
Lepidium Menziuii D. C. 
Arabis peciinata Greene. 
Thffsatiocarpus sp. 
Poljfcarpoti depresfum Nutt. 
Zizyphus Parryi Torr. 
AbuHlon Lemmoni Wats. 
Lvpinus sp. 

Ho9ackia maritima Natt. 
Phaseolus fiH/ormis Benth. 
Astragalus sp. 
TiU(Ba sp. 

Mentzelia adherens Bentb. 
Jpiattrum angusHfoHum Nutt. 
Filago Arisonioa Gray. 
Gnaphalinm Sprengelii H. dc A. 
Peritgle Orayi, 

Encelia Cedroseneie Rose, n. sp. 
Amblyopappus pusillus H. &, A. 
Senedo sylvaticvs Linn. 
Bafinesquia Californica Nutt. 



Sonckus ienerrimus Linn. 

Sonckus oleraceus Linn. 

EUieia ohrifsantkemi/oHa Bentb. 

Phacelia Cedrocensis Rose. 

Peotocarffa linearis D. C. 

Plagyobothrys Cooperi Gray. 

Nicotiatia Greeneana Rose. 

Antirrhinum fVatsoni Va^'ey & Rose. 

Antirrhinum atibnessile Gray. 

Pariftaria debilis Forst. 

Pterostegia drymarioides F. «& M. 

AtripleXy n. sp. 

Airiplex miorocarpa Dietr. 

Aphanisma blitaides Nntt. 

Ephedra sp. 

Trisetum barbatum Steud. 

Melica imperfecta Triu. 

Stipa eminens Cav. 

Muklenbergia debilis Willd. var. 

Fastuca tenella Wiiid. 

Agrostis verticillata Trin. 

Cheilanthes Brandegei Eaton. 



Not be- 



Mr. 



Mierosais linearifolia Gr. 

723. Draba Sonorae Green. Only one plant seen on the side of a cafiou. 
fore found on tbe island. 

726. SUymbrlum canescens Nutt. Only one small plant seen in a oafiou. 
Greene found only a single specimen. (No. 2 of Mr. Greene.) 

709. laepidium Menziesii D. C. In exposed places. Not before reported from liere. 

717. Arabia peotinata Greene. Pitt., 1,287. Recently described by Mr. Greene 
from specimens from San Bartbolome Bay, Lower California. Some w bat com- 
mon but scattering. 

686. Thyaanocarpus sp. Smooth and a little glaucous, 3 to 12 incbes bigb : leaves 
5 to 10 lines long, ovate to narrowly lanceolate, entire or tootbed, auricled nt 
base: flowers rose-colored : sepals less than one-balf line long: petals of same 
length as sepals, spatnlate, obtuse : two of tbe stamens united, style want- 
ing: pods oval, 2 lines in diameter, smooth or pubescent, tbe wings tbiu, not 
nervedi purple, emarginate at both ends. 



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Only a few pinnts found and thoso on a level place. First dencribed and 
distri bated as T. I'almeri, but since Mr. Watson has written that it is prob- 
ably his "T. ei'ectu8 described frono miserable material.'^ 

747. Isomeris arborea Nntt. Plants about 4 feet hi«;h. (No. 3 of Mr. Greene.) 
Also collected by Lieutenant Pond this season. Mr. Greene considered that 
this species belongs to Cleome and calls it C, isomerittj Pitt, i, 200. 

638. Frankenia Palmeri Watson. Coniniou plant near the sea-beach. (No. 5 of 
Mr. Greene.) 
, 713. Polycarpon depresstim Nntt. Collected only by Nnttall and Lienimou, io 
southern California, although various things have been distributed as this 
species, even TiUwa mininia and Achyronychia Cooperi, Fouud uuder piue 
trees at the highest point ou the uorth end. (Altitude, 1,761 feet.) 

699. Sphaeralcea* fulva Greene. Pitt, i, 201. Only three specimens fouud and these 
in flower. Collected l>y Dr. Streets in 1876. (No. 6 of Mr. Gr«ene.) 

752. Ziziphus Pariyi Torr. fide Trelease. The following is Dr. Palmer's uuie. 
"A very thorny shrub, 2 to 3 feet high, with numerous crooko<l branches, form- 
ing a compact plant, good for a hedge. The fruit when ripe may be yellow, 
as that color was indicated in some of the fruit seen." In caflous and 
mountain sides apparently not collected before. 

738. RhamnuB' crocea Nntt. ** The more acute leaved sharply toothed form," 
Trelease in lit. An upright growing shrub 6 to 8 feet high. In cafious. 
(Probably No. 7 of Mr. Greene.) 

750. Rhus Lentil Kell. Proc. Cal. Acad., ii, 16. A large shrub 5 t-o 6 feet high in 
canons. **A profuse bloomer; crimson colored to white; fruit shiuy, a.H if 
iced over." Fruit a half inch long. (No. 9 of Mr. Greene.) Also collected 
by Lieutenant Pond this seiison. By Dr. Veatch, in 1851). 

735. Rhus iiiteg;rifolia B. &. H. Dr. Palmer says of this plant, '*An irregular grow- 

ing shrub, with short body and stiff limbs." Much used by the fishermen 
for fuel, for which it is very good. In cafions. (No. 10 of Mr. Greene.) 

682. Veatchia Cedrosensi^ Gray. Dr. Palmer's notes are as follows: Not found 
in bloom or fruit. A dwarf tree 5 to (> feet high, dotted hero and there over 
the north end of the island. The wood is soft and spongy, shrinking when 
cut, leaving little but the bark. Mr. Brandegee h:is identified this plant with 
the Schinua uiacolor Benth. Bot. Sulph., p. 11, and has collected it from the 
original station (Magdalena Bay.) In Proc. Cal. Acad., 2d ser., 2, 140, 
he considers it a good Veatchia and taking up the oldest specific name, 
writes it Veatchia discolor. lie also refers here Bursa'a pubcscena Watson. 
(No. 8 of Mr. Greene.) 

721. Lupinus sp. This is the same as our ii6Ga (distributed as 708) of former paper. 
The ])lant8are often smaller, the fiowers larger (5 lines long), scattered or 
somewhat verticilate; the bracts tardily deciduous ; pods four to six seeded. 
Found on hill sides and cafions. A very showy plant ** bloom purple up[>er 
lobes yellow." As we noted before, our plant seems nearest L. ArizonicUf but 
it hardly answers for that and perhaps should be made distinct. 

736. Hosackia maritima Nutt. The fiowers are only 2 lines long; the pods few 

seeded. This is the same as the San Quentin 669a. Not before found on the 
island. 
698. Hosackia nudata (Greene). We have not seen Mr. Greene's type, and yet there 
is little doubt but that this is his Syrmalium. Our plant is larger, with many 
slender weak branches; the leafiets sometimes larger (3| lines long), often 
obtuse, glabrate in age. Although many of the short peduncles bear but one to 
two fiowers, yet it is not uncommon to find three, four, and sometimes five 
fiowers in the umbel. The species of Syrmatium form a strongly marked 



* Another of the Malrnoca belonging to the island not reported by Mr. Greene o^ 
found by Dr. Palmer, is AOuUlon Itcmmuniy collected by Dr. Streets ju X876, 



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section of ffosackia, and it is an open question whether it should not be kej't 
distinct. Mr. Greene (in vol. ii, Hull. Cal. Acad.) thinks it should be, and 
ably defends Voxel's genus. Mr. Watson, while sayin|]^ it nii^ht well bo con- 
sidered generically distinct, still retains it under Uoaaokiay and the same course 
is followed by Mr. Brandegee in his recent paper. The discovery of a num- 
ber of species belonging to this in late years would seem to emphasize the in- 
dependence (»f the section. If it is so to be considered, the two recent species 
of the authors (published in Proc. Nat. Museum, vol. xi, pp. 528, 529) should 
be Trferrcd to as ^. Waisoni and S. Pahneri. However, in the present un- 
certain limitations of the genus, we accept the limits of Hentham and Hooker 
in Gen. Plant, followed by Mr. Watson, in Botany of California. 

733. PhaseoluB filiformis Benth. Hot. of Sulphur, p. 13. This was collected in 
1875 by Dr. Streets, and this soasou by Lieutenant Pond. Found in exposed 
places facing the ocean; " Bloom, white." The plant has been collected near 
the United States boundary by Orcutt in northern Lower Ciilifurnia; also at 
Carmen Island (Palmer, 1875); Guaymas, Mexico, Palmer, 1687; Xantus, 
1859, and by Brandegee, in Lower Calilbrnla. 

727. The same; mouth of caHon ; " bloom rose-colored." 

744. Dalea Benthami Brandg. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd ser. ii, 148. As already pointed 
out by Mr. Greene this plant differs from the 1>. megacarpa in its persistent 
stipular spines, the spikes are shorter and not so close, the terminal leatlet 
retuse; " bloom, yellow." A compact i»lant one foot high. (No. l(> of Mr. 
Greene.) Collected by Lieutenant Pond, 1889, and distributed by Mr. Greene 
as var. hiunciftTa Green«, and also in this collection. 

683. Aatragalus fastidioBUB Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., I, 186. Common in canons 
in moist places ; bloom "cinary -yellow." Mr. Waison writes, **one good 
character has not been noted, the articulation of the pod on the stipe, 
which also occurs in one or two other species." (No. 12 of Mr. Greene.) 

685. Astragalus insnlaris Kell. Bull. Cal. Acad., 1, 6. Before known only from the 
specimens c<dleoted by Dr. Veatch in 1859, the species not being described 
until 1877. Only a few specimens were obtained at this time, mostly in 
fruit. It is to be regretted that a larger collection had not been made of 
this rare and little kuown species. It grows in exposed places near the sea. 
(No. 13 of Mr. Greene's list, but not found by him.) 

692. Astragalus sp. Annual; much branched and spreading at base, more or less 
pubescent; branches slender : leailets seven to eleven, 1 to 2 liues long, re- 
tuse or sometimes linear, acute, and 3 lines long: dowers, one to three, min- 
nte, (less than 2 lines long) : peduncles 10 to 20 liues l0ng : pods 3 to 5 lines 
long, slightly pubescent; the dorsal suture intruded, except near the apex ; 
one-celle<], incurved and reticulate<l. We have disU'ibuted this :is A, Cedro- 
cen»iSf but Mr Watson thinks it is A. NuttaUamiSy D. C, but pods always one- 
celled, etc. Growing on level places facing the sea. ** Bloom pale-blue. 

708. Tillasa leptopetala, Benth.* It seems to us that this si>ocies should be sepa- 
rated from Tillwa minima. It is probably T. leptopetala of Bentliam, but the 

'Collected also by Palmer at Guadalupe Island. "Among plants in cofions. The 
specimens are very red." (No. 900.) The typical form of Tillwa minima Mierswas 
collected by Dr. Palmer, at San Quentin, in February, 18?^, and distributed as No. 713 
in part, and No. 714. A third species of Tillwa proper, T, connata Ruiz et Pav. Fl. 
Per and Obil. I, 70, is to be added to our North American flora. The plants are 
larger than T, minima and not diflfusely branched. The sepals almost a line long, 
ovate acuminate ; the petals almost flliform. Collcctod also by Dr. Palmer at San 
Quentin (713a), growing with T, minima. Our plant seems to be the same as the one 
collected under the United States exploring expeilition of Captain Wilkes, in Peru, 
and referred here by Dr. Gray, pag^) 688. He considereil it distinct from 2\ rubeacena 
H. B. K., but if the same it must still give place to 2\ vonnatHj the older name. 



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BteuiH arc quite red, while Beutbam Bays uf this species '^specituina haud 
rubescent, " aud waa collected near the 8an FranciBco Hay. The vteniB 
are mostly sin^^le and erect, or sometimes with a few branches ; flowers glom- 
erate iu the axils of the connate leaves, nearly sessile; the sepals nar- 
rower aud more acute; seeds always two in each car[>el. 8hady spots in 
cafioDs. 

753. Eucnide cordata Kell. Curran, Bull. Cal. Acad., I, i:]7. A loose growing 
plant about 4 feet high; ** bloom yellowish-white." At mouth of canon. 
Collected by Dr. Veatch in 1859. (This is Mr. Greene's No. 20); he considers 
it a Mcntzeliat to which genus Kellogg first referred it. Mr. Watson thinks, 
however, that the two genera should be kept separate. 

751. Petalonyz linearis Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., 1, 188. Found in a ravine, ap- 
parently common. About 2 feet high; ** bloom white." (No. 21 of Mr. 
Greene.) 

712. Mentzelia adherens Benth. Both of Sulphur, p. 15. This plant diflers 
somewliat from Palmer's 1887 plant, referred to this species by Mr. Watson. 
The sepals are larger, their margins involute in ago and rigid. Capsule not 
angle<l, of a diiierent texture; the seeds are grayish aud much wrinkled. 
Not given in Mr. Greene's list, but collected by Dr. Streets in 1876. ** Bloom 
canary color." In exposed places. 

719. Bchinopepon minima Wat. Proc. Amer., Acad. XXIV, 52. Stems glabrous 
slender, 4 to 5 feet long, climbing over small bushes: leaves thin, smooth 
below, white-papillose and scabrous above, triangular-cordate, more or less 
three-lobed, 1 to 1^ inches long. Sterile racemes (including pe<luncle) 3 to 4 
inches long: limb of the flower 4 lines broad, peduncle 6 linos long: fertile 
flowers mostly solitary, the peduncle becoming 8 to 9 lines long, fruit 6 to 9 
lines long (not including the beak), echinate with spine-like processes, two 
celled, dehiscing by a <leoiduous operculum : cells three to six seeded, 1^ lines 
long, compressed, dark-colored. 

By a slip of the pen Mr. Watson has reversed the character of the surface 
of the leaf, and Mr. Cogneanx has copied the mistake into his monograph. 
Vol. Ill, 805. At the mouth of a caiion. Mr. Watson in Torry Bull., vol. 
XIV, has re-established Naudin's genus, separating it from Echinocyntis into 
which B. & H. had thrown it, followed by Cogneanx, in Monographico 
Phanerogamarumy vol. III. Our plaut is the saiue as Dr. Streets, from Cedros 
island (18G6). 

693. Mamillaria Goodridgii Sch(;er. Our specimen is doubtfully referred to this 
spec i OS. 

679. Apiastrum angustifoliom Nutt. Growing iu shady ca&ous. Not before 
reported from hefe, and the only known Umbellifer on the island. 

689. Bigelovia veneta Gray. Only a few plants collected. The whole plant 
very glutinous. (No. 34 of Mr. Greene.) • 

705. Filago Arizonica Gray. Side of caiion in moist shade. Not before found 
here. 

750. Gnaphaliom Sprengelii H. & A. A few sj)ecimens found in a deep canon. 
Not before reported from here. 

731. Franseria chenopodifolia Benth. Very common. (No. 36 of Mr. Greene.) 

757. Franseria camphorata Green, var. leptophylla. Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad., 
XXII, 309. Very common ; a foot or so high. No 37 of Mr. Greene. The 
variety also collect^l near San Fernando, Lower California, by OrcnU,(1886). 
First collected on Guadalupe Island. 

743. Viguiera lanata Gray. Very common plant on the island, and a large qnau- 
tity collected in full bloom. Collecte<l by Veatch, Streets, Belding, and 
Greene (No. 42.) 



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741. Encelia Cedrosensis Rohu ii. Hp. Shrubby, 4 I'eet lii^h, soiiiewhat Bcabruus 
thronjjjhont: leave** opposite, Hometimeii alternate above, sbiuiiig, ovate-lance- 
olate, entire or repandly, tootbeil, 2 to 3 inches long, on short, slightly winged 
petioles: heads (6 lines tiigh) numerous, coryn]lK>se: involucral bracts short 
and broad, the inner ones acutish, hirsute on the margins, rays small and 
narrow, mostly shorter than the disk flowers: akenes 2 to 2^ lines long, 
broadly obovate, hirsute, with two long slender persistent awns, over 3 
lines long. In callous. 

702. ZSncelia Califomica Nirtt. Form, fide S. Watson. Very shrubby below, a com- 
pact plant about 2 feet high. Grows in exposed places. Collected by Dr. 
Streets in 187r>, but only in flower. Dr. Pond has collecte<l the same on the 
south end of the island, which Mr. Greene considers E, couspersa, Beiith. 
Mr. Brandegee has recently collected at the original station (MagdalenaBay) 
what he considers Beutham's plant. We have not seen his specimens. (87 
of Mr. Greene. ) 

734. Bncelia stenophjlla Greene. Bull. Torr. Club, x, 41. Very oommon. 

701. Peiityle Greenei. Rose, BoU Gaz., XV, 117. 

701. P. Grayi. Rose, Bot. Gaz., XV, 118. 

TOO. Edophyllaxii confertiflonim Gray. Common on most elevated places among 
shmbSo (No. 4G of Mr. Greene.) 

687. AmplyopappQS poaillus H. &, A. Not before reported from here, but appa- 
rently common. 

697. Porophyllum gracile Benth. Snudl and compact. Found at the mouth of a 
cafion. Has the strong aroma of the cultivated roe. (No. 45 of Mr. Greene. ) 
Collected also by Lieutenant Pond this year. 

696. Bebbia jtmcea Greene. Common in cailons (No. 39 ol Mr. Greene.) 

724. Senecio aylvaticua Linn. Only two small plants seea on mountain slope 
near the bape. Not before found on the island. 

678. £tonecio Cedroaensia Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., I, 1U4. Rather compact 
growing plant witb small green loaves, and sulphur* colored flowers; a good 
bloomer ; grows in elevated places and cations. Not before found iu flower ; 
ray»8, small; akenes puberulent. (No. 47 of Mr. Greene.) 

694. Truda angnatifolia D. C. Rather common. (No. 48 of Mr. Greene). 

760. Rafineaqtiia CaUfomioa Nutt. Not common; in canons among other plants. 

Not before found here. 

761. Microaeria linearilblia Gray. In cafioos in shade of bushes. 

762. Malacothrlz Clevelandi Gray. Dr. Palmer reports this species common in 

caAous among rooks and bushes. Mr. Greene only found a few plants iu 

1886. (No. 50.) 
759. Sonchna tenerrimna Linn. Shady side ofcaHonsand under bushes. More 

common than the next. 
759. S. oleaceua Linn., in part. With the last. 
718. Gilia Veatohii Parry. Bull. Cal. Acad., I, 198. Very common. Collected 

by Dr. Veatch, in 1859, (No. 53 of Mr. Greene.) Dr. Palmer says flowers 

'* yellowish white ". 
716. BUisia cbryaanthemlfolia Benth. A few specimens collected; flowers white. 

New to the island. 
758. Phaoelia izodea Kellogg. Perennial, but sometimes blooming the first year. 

Three feet or so high, very viscid, glandular: the lower leaves 6 to 10 inches 

long, the inHorescence a soorpioid panicle : corolla open : the stamens and 

style exerted : the capsule sometimes as long as the calyx. 
Collected at the very summit of the north end, but also in ca&ons below. 

*' Bloom lilac color." Collected by Dr. Veatch ; (No. 55 of Mr. Greene). 

23483— No. I 2 



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The CedroB iHland plant difiers from Orciitt's AH Saints' Bay plant of the 
8yn. Flora, and Palmer's Coronados Island plant. The i>laut is smaller, lets 
viscid ; the corolla smaller, less open, the style and stamens incladed, tbe 
capsule shorter than the calyx, the appendages largo, somewhat reilexed. 
Palmer's Coronados Island plant grows along the beach under the influ- 
ence of the sea water. And Mr. Orcutt writes that the same is true of bis 
plant. 

715. Phaoelia (Eutoca) Cedrosencia Rose n. sp. Very hispid with slender bris- 
tles, also a little viscid in the inflorescence : stems 1 to 6 inches bigh, simple 
or somewhat branched: leaves pinnate, the segments entire or few tootbed, 
inflorescence somewhat crowded, mostly geminate : flowers almost sessile : 
calyx parted almost to tbe base, its lobes linear or oblanceolate, 3 lines long, 
delicately three-nerved : corolla bluish, campanalate, about the length of 
the sepals: stamens barely exserted ; appendages long and narrow, united to 
the stamens at base : style cleft for one-third its length; capsule one and one- 
half lines long, obtuse: seeds twelve to eighteen. Seemingly nearest P. kir- 
tuosa of Lower California. Found in the shade of bushes in canons. Not 
very common. A species peculiar in its dense bristles. 

691. Krynitskia maxitixna Greene. Stems very much branched. 

690. Tbe same with longer narrowly-lanceolate leaves, much resembling the K, 
ramonssima of Palmer's, Los Angeles Bay, 1887. Always one glabrous nutlet, 
with one or all the others maturing, but different, as described by us iu a former 
paper. 

722. Pectocaxya liuearia D. C. A single specimen found under pines at tbe sum- 
mit of the highest peak (1,761 feet), north end. New to the island. The nut- 
lets differ somewhat from most specimens seen, but much resemble P, linearittf 
var. of Leramon (1884), Arizona. 

711. Plagjobothrys Cooper! Gray. A few plants found on the highest point of 
tbe island. The stii^e to the nutlet, only about half as long as in our San 
Quentiu plant. Now to the island. 

745. Phjsalis Greenei. Only one small plant found. This is very close to Palmer's 
682, from San Quentiu, and the close resemblance of the latter to Dr. Streetti's 
Cedros Island plant, we pointed out in our former paper. Proc U. S. Nat. 
Mus., vol. XI, 533. P, pedunculata Greene non Mart, et Gal. The San Quen- 
tiu plant Mr. Greene writes is his P, mnriculata, 

740. Lyciom Cedrosencia Greene f A few sterile branches. 

732. Nicotiana Greeneana Hose n. sp. Somewhat viscid, pubescent, 4 to 9 inches 
high, simple.or little blanched at base: lower leavesoblong to lanceolate, 1 to 
2 inches long, petioled : the upper ones linear: calyx lobes unequal, the longer 
about the length of the tube : corolla yellowish white, 5 to 8 lines long, a lit- 
tle constricted at the orifice, its limb 2 to 3 lines broad: the stamens equally 
inserted low down iu the tube : capsule four-valved, longer than the calyx 
tube. This species seems nearest N, Clevelandi in its leaves and calyx, but 
tbe corolla is more like N, trigonophylla. It seems quite distinct from either. 
Not very common. Dr. Palmer says in his note respecting this plant, ''All 
the plants seen were taken ; not very sticky, nor had the plants but a faint 
odor like that accompanying the handling of tobacco." 

714. Antirrhinum "Wataoni Vasey «& Rose. A small form, 3 to 8 inches high with 
linear leaves, ''corolla purple." Very rare. At the north end in the shade 
of bushes in ravines. Not before collected on the island. Mr. Brandegee, in 
his paper on the "Plants of Baja, California" gives two additional stations, 
viz : Magdalena and Santa Margareta Islands. The species is doubtless com- 
mon and of a wide range. 

725. Antirrhinum sabseaaile Gray t Only throe small plants found in the shade; 
2 to 8 inches high. In fruit, no flowers. At least new to the island. 



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720. Galvesia juncea Gray. Collected by Dr. Streete in 1875 (No. 58 of Mr. 
Groeno) ; LieutenaDt Pond (18b9). Grows in large bushes 5 foct Ingb. Des- 
cribed in Syn. Flora as being only 2 feet high. 

681. MimTilas cardinalia Doagl. Hort. Trans. xi,70. Only a single specimen col- 
lected. (No. 56 of Mr. Greene.) 

739a. Pentstemon oedrosenflis Kellogg. Proo. Cal. Acad, xi, 19. Collected by Dr. 
Yeatoh in 1859, and the flowers described as yellow. Mr. S. Belding obtained 
it here in 1881, and Dr. Gray described it as P. brevilabrU with a white (f ) 
corolla. In dried specimens the corollas have a yellow or deep orange color 
Dr. Palmer's field-note says, "bloom scarlet ; very showy,*' very common in 
canons near the ocean. (No. 55 of Mr. Greene's list.) 

728. BftixnoliiB g;latino8iui Wendl. Only three plants seen ; flowers only 1 inch 
long; " bloom amber color.'' Mr. Greene thinks this plant is distinct from 
those of the mainland. Collected by Dr. Veatch in ia59. (No. 57 of Mr. 
Greene.) 

677. Verbena lilacina Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., I, 212. Ravines; "rather showy 
plant, abundant bloomer of a lilac color and very fragrant." Collected first 
by Mr. Greene, 1885. (No. 62.) 

684. Salvia cedrosenaia Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., 1, 212. Common plant on the isl- 
and. A mere fragment was collected by Dr. Veatch. (No. 61 of Greene.) 
Only known to the island. 

746. Teaorimn slandalosmn Kell. Proc. Cal. Acad., II, 23. First collected by 
Dr. Veatch in 1859. (No. 60 of Mr. Greene.) Common in deep shady cafion. 
" Flowers white with pink shading." Only known from the island. 

680. Paiietaxla debilis Forster. Among rocks and bushes in caQous. 

703. Zhiogonmn faacioulatnm Benth. Fide Watson. The same as 729 from San 

Qnentin, of former paper. 
706. Eriogonum Pondii Greene. Pitt I, 267. Compact plant about a foot high in 

exposed situations. (No. 85 of Mr. Greene's list.) Collected liy Lieutenant 

Pond, 1889. 
710. PteroBtegia drymarioides Fich & Mey. Grows among bushes and rocks in 

shade. It seems not to have been collected before on the island. 

704. Harfordia fruticosa Greene. Parry in Proc. Acad. Davenp.,V.,28. This spe- 

cies, before little known, has now been collected in great abundance-, both in 
flower and in fruit. The perianth is six parted and stamens nine in two rows. 
The flowers seem to be perfect and not dioicious. This is one of the most 
common shrubs of the island, growing in cailons and exposed places; '.\ feet 
high. Collected by Dr. Veatch. (Mr. Greene's No. C^.) Liciilenant Pond, 
1889. 

737. Blirabilis Califomica Gray. Collected by Dr. Streets in 1876. (No. a^> of Mr. 
Greene.) 

754. Atriplez. n. sp. Dioecious, perennial and woody at base, 1 to 2 feet lonj?, erect 
or ascending, glabrous and densely glaucous, becoming a little scurfy in age : 
leaves small (6 to 12 lines long) broadly ovate to oblong, tapering at base 
into a short petiole, abruptly acute at apex : bracts small (H lines wide by 1 
line high) somewhat compressed, cuneate at base, scarcely marginal with a 
few small teeth above, sometimes a little muricat.e on the sides: sterile flowers 
densely glomerate, five parted. Grows in abundance near the beach. Per- 
hajM nearest A. dilata^ Greene, but smaller fruit, leaves, etc. 

745. Atriplez microcarpa Dietrich. 

742. Aphanisma blitoidea Nutt. This plant has been collected this season, also at 
San Qnentin, San Benito Island, Guadalupe Island. Not before found on 
this island. 

756. Chenopodimn murale Linn. (No. 83 of Mr. Greene.) Only a few specimens 
collected. 



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729. Simmondaia Califomlca Nutt. This is S.fahulnsa of Ket1o<;g, roforrofl here 

by S. Watson, but without seeing Hpeciuieus. It is only known from Dr. 

Voatch's collection and was not rediscovered by Mr. Greene. Dr. Palmer 

speaks of it as a large slirab at month of cations. 
676. Juncus robuatus Wat. 
764. Joniperus Cerro^anus Kellogg. ''An iiTegnlar shmb, 3 to 6 feet high, on 

various parts of the north end, but of no particular ose." 
763. Piniis muricata Don. This plant grows on the highest peak 1,761 feet altitnde. 
695. Ephedra sp. It may be now. Not common ; month of caHon. 

748. Notholasna Candida Hook. Grows in deep cations in shade of rocks. (No. 82 

of Mr. Greene.) 

749. Pellasa andromedasfolia Fee. Common in cafions. (No. 81 of Mr. Greene.) 
707. Cheilanthes Brandegei Eaton n. sp. ined. 

659. Trisetnm barbatum Steud. Often looks as if sown. Found upon the highest 

points of the island, on the slopes of shady ravines, and under bushes. 

660. Mellcaimi>erfectaTriu. Found, not abundantly, upon hill-sides and ravines, 

growing more thriftily near small shrubs and among rocks, as if seeking 
shade or moisture. 

661. Stipa eminens Car. Grows in large hunches on the lower part of slopes and 

ravines. A coarse grass, with the dead grass of last year still clinging to the 
bunches. 

662. Melioa imperfecta Trin. Found in one place only, in a deep cafion near a 

spring. 

663. Muhlenbergia debilis Willd. var. Common at the mouth of canons in ex- 

posed positions. 

664. Festuca tenella Willd. var. Very abundant; growing in large patches, a« if 

sown, upon the highest point of the island, and sparsely in the shade of 
plants and hushes. 

665. Pestnca tenella Willd. var. 

666. Agrostis verticillata Tri'j. Found one plot 3 feet square on a wet place of 

what is known as the watering place of the island. 

SAN BENITO ISLAND PLANTS. 

Mr. B. L. Greene lias very recently publishoil (Pittonia, vol. 1, pp. 
261-266) a very interesting little paper on tlie vegetation of the Sau 
Benito Islands with a list of the known plants. He hius eunmerate<l 
twenty-four species as belonging to the largest islet. His plants were 
collected by Lieut. Charles F. Pond at varions times from December to 
February. Dr. Edward Palmer spent but a day (March 25) on West 
San Benito. His general notes of the island and its vegetfition are very 
similar to Mr. Greene's, and need not be repeated here. He collected 
seventeen species, all of which are given in Mr. Greene's list. He has, 
however, collected some of the varieties in considerable abundance. 
He spe<aks, also, of two forms of Agave, neither in flower or fruit. No 
specimens were sent in, and nothing is known as to the species. If 
these should prove two distinct species, of course it will increase the 
number of species to twenty-six. We have included for convenience 
in a parenthesis, Mr. Greene's number. 

909. Eschscholtzia ramosa Greene. Hnll. Terr. Cluh, xiii, 217. This plant wa» 
collt^cted in 1870 on these islands l»y Dr. Streets. (No. 1 of Mr. Greene.) 

908. Frankenia Palmeri Wat«on. Abundant, especially on level placas; a foot to 
18 inches high ; flowers white to pink. (No. 4 of Mr. Greene.) 



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917. Iiavatera venosa Watson, Proc. Afii. Acad., xir, 249. Poor specimens were 
coIlectc<l by Dr. Streets in 1B75. Not since collected until obtained by Lieu- 
tenant Pond. Dr. Palmer says of it: **Tlie plant that leads in unnibers all 
otbers on the island. Its bri^^bt green gives the island rather a fertile look. 
It is on all the le/el places in the arroyos and deepest caDous and reaches to 
the summit. A beantifnl plant with whit« and purple dowers, much darker 
at night, 1 to 3 feet high. The petals are at first straight, and then turn 
under as they take oo the purple color. A tine plant for cnltivatiou in green- 
houses and gardens of warmer latitudes.'' Dr. Palmer has collected it in 
great ahaodance, and has obtained a good supply of seed. (No. 3 of Mr. 
Greene.) 

913. Hoaackia maritima Nntt. But a few specimens collected. The pods are three 

to nine seeded. (No. A of Mr. Greene. ) 
922. Cotyledon linearis (ireene. Pitt., I, t<}H5. Very common plant, in bunches 

over the lower portion of the islr.nd. (No. 10 of Mr. Greene.) 
921. Mammillaria Goodrichii Scheer. 
Mesembryanthemum crystalintim L. Dr. Palmer says the ^^Ice plant'' was very 

plentiful on the island, but sent in no siHJcimens. Mr. Greene has, however, 

identified the species from this island. (No. 11 of Mr. Greene.) 
920. Hemizonia Streetsii Gray. Collect^^d quit^) abundantly. (No. 15 of Mr. 

Greene.) First collected here by Dr. Streets. 

915. Ambljopappua puaillaa Hook «fe Am. (No. IG of Mr. (ireoiie.) 

914. Perityle Greenei Kose. Hot. Gaz., xv., 117. (No. 17 of Mr. Greene.) 

911. Krynitzkia ambigua Gray. Growing on the side of a cafion. The plant is 

clearly the one collected by Lieutenant Pond, but this, as well as Mr. 
Greene's type, has four nutlets. We have carefully compared both speci- 
mens with a very full sot in the Gray Herbarium, and we have not boon able 
to separate them. The nutlets are identical and there are specimens with 
the same habit. (Cryptaiithc pahila Greene.) (No. 21 of Mr. Greene.) 

912. Krynitzkia maritima Greene. Only a few Hpecimens were collected, as 

nearly all the plants were dead. The plants are found from 2 to 8 inches 
high and muoli branched. Growing on rocky sides of a caliou. (No. 20 of 
Mr. Greene.) 

916. Lycium Califomicnm Nutt. (No. 19 of Mr. Greene.) 

910. Plantago Patagonica Jacq. Quite common in sandy ravines. (No. 22 of 

Mr. Greene.) 
919. Euphorbia Benedicta Greene. Pit., i, 26:i. Very common. (No. 7 of Mr. 

Greene.) 
918. Atriplex deltata Greene. Pit., i, 2(57. The sterile plant. 
907. Tlie same 8])ecies. The fertile plant. (No. 8 of Mr. Greene.) 
906. Brodiaea capitata Benth. A very common plant on shady slopes. (No. 24 of 

Mr. Greene.) 

GUADALUPE ISLAND PLANTS. 

Botanists genemlly will bo delijflttcd to know that Dr. Palmer has 
again visited Guadalupe Island and brought baek a large and inter- 
esting collection. Only a week was spent on the island, froiu March 
27 to April 3, 1889, but he succeeded in laying in a good supply of a 
nmnber of species only known from this island and sparingly repre- 
sented in our herbaria. Besides these several new species were found. 
He began his collecting at the south end of the island, where tlie last 
three days of March were spent, and the first three days of April were 
spent at the north end of the island. 

It will be remembered that in 1875 Dr. Edward Palmer spent three 
months (February to May) on this island. This was the first visit ever 



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made to Gnadalnpe Island by a botanist. Tlie next year appeared 
Mr. Watson's admirable paper (Proc. Amer. Acad., vol. xi) on tbe 
flora of this island and a list of Dr. Palmer's plants, of which twenty- 
one were considered new. 

Ten years afterward Mr, B. L. Greene spent a week (the last of April) 
adding to the flora fifteen species, describing seven new species, and 
publishing in 1885 (Ball. Cal. Acad., vol. 1) his notes, and a catalogue 
of the flowering plants and ferns of the island. 

Mr. Watson separates the phaenogamoas plants into five gronps as 
follows: (1) Introduced species, twelve; (2) species which range from 
the Pacific to the Atlantic States, nine ; (3) those found in California 
as far north as San Francisco, forty-nine ; (4) those only in southern Cali- 
fornia, eighteen; (5) those peculiar to the island itself, twenty-one. 
Add to these an undetermined HeucJiera and six ferns makes a total of 
one hundred and sixteen Phseuogams and Pteridophyta. Mr. Greene's 
list enumerates one hundred and thirty species, all except twenty-six 
he had observed in his short stay upon the island. Probably six of the 
fifteen added by Mr. Greene belong to the first group. Among the 
present additions at least four have very recently gained a foot-hold 
here, viz, Melilotus Indica, Sonchus tenerrimusj Suaeda Torreyanay and 
Centaurea Melitensvt, making the total number of introduced species as 
twenty-two; one is to be added in the second group. In the thinl 
group, Mr. Greene's list adds five and ours three, viz, Tissa maero- 
theca, Tissa pallida, and Trisetum barbatum, making the number of dis- 
tinctly Californian species fifty-seven. 

In the fourth group the two Cactacew and two Oramin€(e make the num- 
berof southern Californian species twenty-two. Of the fifteen additional 
species added by Mr. Greene but one he described as new, another 
probably new. Dr. Palmer has at this time collected seventy-two spe- 
cies, fourteen of which are additions to the flora of the island and four 
are new. The total number of species now known on the island is one 
hundred and forty-five. Of the thirty-four species first described from 
this island but three have since been found elsewhere. The following 
list so far as known is peculiar to the island: 



1. Eachacholtzia Palmeri Rose. 

2. Laratera occiden talis Wat. 

3. Spharalcea mlphurea Wat. 

4. Spharalcea Palmeri Rose. 

5. Lvpinwi nivens Wat. 

(i. Lupinus Guadalupensia Grccuo. 

7. Ti-ifolium Palmeri Wat. 

8. Hosackia ornithopna Groono. 

9. (Enanthe Guadalnpensis Wat. 

10. Megarrhxza Guadalnpensia Wat. 

11. Galium angulosum Gray. 

12. THplmiephitim canum Gray. 

13. Hemizon ia frutcsccns G ray. 

14. Hemizonia Greeneana Roso. 

15. Hemizonia Palmeri Rose. 



16. Perityle incana Gray. 

17. Jiaeria Palmeri Gray. 

IB. Eryniizkia foliosa Greene. 

19. Harpagonella Palmeri Gray. 

20. Phncelia phyllirmanica Qmy, 

21. PhaveliaJtoribnndaQveene. 

22. Conrolvnlua occidentalia Gniy. 
2^J. Convolvulus macroaiegia Greene. 
24. Ucnpcrelea Palmeri Gray. 

2r>. J triplex Palmeri Wat. 
2<». Erytho'aeditlis "Wat, 

27. Mimnhts latifoHun Gray. 

28. Pogogyne tennifolia Gray. 

29. Calamintka Palmeri Gray, 



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After those species collected by Dr. Palmer on his former trip, wo 
have included the number and year in a parentbesis. 

882. Eschscholtzia Palmeri Rose, n. Np. Smnll compact plants, from 1 to 2 inches 
liigby annaal, very glaucona: leaves compact, finely dissected into linear 
lobes: flowers large for the size of the plant, petals 5 to 6 lines long, yellow, 
orange at base : the peduncles (in fruit) 1 to 2 inches long: torus very thick, 
with no hyaline internal edge: pods 1^ to 2i inches long, thick, straight, or 
slightly curved : calyptra oval, with short acute tip. 
March 29 or 30. Onlj' seen on a rocky ledge, but there common. On south end 
of Guadalupe Island. 

875. Eschscholtzia ramosa Greene. Bull. Torr. Club, xxii, 217. In cafions, 
but not common on the eouth end of the island. March 21) and 30. Also at 
San Benito, March 25, No. 909. Probably No. 3 of Mr. Watson's list. " E. 
hypecoides Var." This is the way Dr. Gray has referred the plant in herba- 
rium specimens. 

880. Sisyxnbriiixii reflexam Nntt. Shady portions of cafions on south end of the 
island. March 29. (No. 4 of 1875.) 

854. The same. Two small plants found on the south end of the island. 

897. Lepidimn Menziesii D. C. South end of the island. March 29. (No. 7 of 
1875.) 

851. If. laaiocarpiixii Nntt. Only two specimens collected in a cafion at the south 
end. (No. 8 of 1875.) 

841. The same. In a similar locality. This species was not found by Mr. Greene. 
(No. 8 of 1875.) 

892. Oligomerls subulata Bois. Grows scattering along the aiToyos. 

845. The same. Found about the sandy beach at the north end. April 1 to 3. (No. 

10 of 1875.) 

864. Tlssa macrotheca Britton. Torr. Bull., vol. xvi, p. 129. Common on exposed 
sides of hills, in arroyos, and sides of cafion. Not before reported from this 
island, and extends the range of the species considerably southward. 

864a. Tlssa pallida Greene. Bull. Torr. Club, vol. xvi, 129. Collected with the 
preceding, but not so common. This species was described in the Torrey 
Bulletin of 1889 (p. 129); has previously only been found near San Francisco 
and Monterey (t). We are indebted to Dr. N. L. Britton for the determina- 
tion of these two species. 

837. Silene Gallica Linn. Abundant abont the beach. (No. 11 of 1875.) 

846. Claytonia perfoliata Donn. In cafion at north end, where there is much shade 

and moisture. The flowers are said to be white. (No. 15 of 1875.) 

844. Calindrinia Menziesii H. B. K., var. caulescens Gray. At the north end. 
(No. 14 of 1875.) 

869. Malva borealis Wallman. In the former collection, only found from the 
middle of the island, but now introduced all over the island. (No. 16 of 
1875.) 

897. Spheeralcea Palmeri Rose, n. sp. Stems 12 to 18 inches high, from a thick 
woody base, angled, covered with a dense, stellate pubescence : leaves broad- 
ovate, 2 to 2| inches long, thick, crenulate-tootbed, obtuse : calyx 3 lines 
long, with broad lobes: petals canary-yellow, with pink varieties: the carpels 
2 to 2| lines long. The upper margin is rather thick and broad and of 
different texture. The carpels are narrower and longer than in S. sulphureaj 
two ovules commonly maturing. Found in all exposed parts on the south end 
of the island. This species seems quite distinct fr^^m S. sulphurea, 

861. Lupinus nivens Watson. Annual, 6 to 15 inches high ; the ovate cotyledons 
(6 to 8 lines long) persistent; leaflets oblanceolato, obtuse; pods 1 to 1| inches 
long, two t^ five seeded; seeds 3 linos in diameter. In flower and fruit, 
March 29, on the south end of the island. Growing in sandy bed of cafion. 
(No. 25 of 1875.) 



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859. Trifoliuip Palmer! Watson. Quite common on the soath end in wet Btaad in 

canons. (Np. 2<i of If^ry.) 
832. Tlie same. Very common in large masses in cafions and plains at tbo north 

end. This plant is widely distribntetl over the island, and forma the main 

food supply for the goats. 
831. Trifolium microcephalum Pnrsh. A very common plant at the north end in 

canons and exposed places. It is m ucli oaten by goats. April 1. (No. 27 of 

1875.) 
840. Melilotus Indica All. Not before reported from the island. Common along 

the l>each, jiscending into shaily cafions and perhaps intnnlnced with the 

goats. North end of island. April 1 to 3. 
853. Hosackia omithopus Greene. Only one plant found near the month of a 

canon at the north end. Mr. Greene found it abundant in the middle of the 

island, 1H85. We have not seen Palmer's 1875 plant. 
847. Vicia ezigua Nutt. Common in shady sides of ravines at the north end. Dr. 

Palmer on his first visit only saw a single small specimen. Mr. Greene sajs 

it was not uncommon. 
893. Mentzelia diapersa Watson. Common among shady rocks in caQons. South 

end of the island March 29. (No. 32 of 1875.) 
850. Galium aparine L. At north end, April 1. (No. 35 of 1875.) 

900. Tillaea leptopetala Benth. 

902. Opuntda prolifera Engl. Grows on both ends of the island on stony ridges 
and steep mountawi sides. 3 to 5 feet high ; not in flower. Collect-ed by Mr. 
Greene. 

Mesembryanthemum crystallinum Linn. Dr. Palmer wrote that this grew ou the 
island, but collected no sp cimens. Mr. Grc ene also collected it. 

901. Mamillaria Goodrldgeii »Scheer. With five to six globose heails. At first cov- 

ered with a white w<wl but becoming glabrate. Common on south end of 
island. Not found by Dr. Palmer in 187.5, but collected by Mr. Greene in 1885. 

899. Amblyopappua pusiUus H. & A. March 30. (No. 40 of 1875.) 

849. Microseris linearifolia Gray. A few specimens only collected ou the nortb 
end of the island. (No. 50 of 1875.) 

895. Pilago Arlzonica Gray. South end of the island. March 'M). (No. .38 of 
187.5.) 

885. Gnaphalium Sprengelii H. Sc A. Only three plants seen, these in the bed 
of an arroyo. South end. March 29. Collected by Palmer in 1875, but 
without number. 

874. Hemizoma(Hartinannia)Palmeri Ro8e,n.8p. Pcrennial,with thick woody base, 
forming small bunches; branches decumbent or ascending, with abundant, 
white, silky pubescence, not at all viscid : leaves nnmerous, silky, I) to 12 linos 
long, linear to narrowly oblanceolate: heads numerous, somewhat corym- 
bose : involucre 2 lines high : rays eight, three-toothed: the chaff 'forming a 
cup about the disk-fiowers cleft to the middle, the divisions linear-acuminate : 
disk flowers aI>out ten, the akenes sterile: i>appus of six to twelve, linear- 
acuminate scales, the ray akenes barely a line long, the rostellnm very short, 
and compressed clo.scly against the top of the akene. 
A peculiar species, and by far the most decided shrnb of the genu.s. In many 
respects near to the following, but in leaves, pubescence, inflorescence, etc., 
very diflerent. A very common plant on the south end of the island, in 
all exposed places Dr. Palmer writes that it is a very attractive plant in that 
dry latitude. The three H]M'ci<'8 from tliis island seem to form a peculiar 
group by themselves*. 

865. Hemizouia (Hartmannia) Grccneaua Rom% n. sp. Perennial, forming birgo 
round bunches '2 to 3 fret high, with sterile branchas banging down the sides, 
somewhat pubescent, more or less viscid tbronghout: leaves crowde<l, da'*l\ 



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green; those of the sterile brauelics lanceolate in oiitliuo, with a thick 
margin, (> to 10 linos long, six to eight pinnately-toolhcd and pjirtcd, «ome- 
times entire; those of <ho central flowering brAnchos smaller, linear, entire: 
Heads single^ terminating the branches: iuvolucre 3 lines high : rays 8, three- 
toothed, the chaff forming a cnp about the disk flowers, united until maturity, 
with eight ovate, aonte-tipped teeth: disk flowers eight to ten, sterile: pap- 
pus of six to ten unequal paleaeeoas bracts, mostly ^ihortei;, than the akene: 
the ray akones over a line long, the rostellum a half line long. 
A very peculiar 'species, but seemingly nearest //. frutescens of this island. It 
differs from that species strikingly in manner of growth, in its inflorescence, 
in itH leaves, and iu its internal involucre. The akenes are very similar but 
larger. H. frutescem is a very rare species from near the central part of the 
island. This species is very common on the south end iu all the arroyos, 
cafious, and aleng the beach. It is a very homely plant, growing iu great 
cluuips in barren places, aud the most noticeable plant of the region. 

876. Bseria Palmeri Gray. First collected on this island by Palmer iu 1875 ami after- 
wards by Greene. It is very common at bottom of cafions at south end of 
island. March 29. (No. 45 of 1875. ) 

881. FranBeria camphorata Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., i, 11)2. Very common on the 
south end of the island. March 29. (No. 40 of 1875.) 

891. Perityle Grayi. Rose, Bot. Gaz., xv., 118. 

849. Mioroseria llnearifolia Gray. At the north end. (No. 50 of 1875.) 

834. Seneoio Palmeri Gray. Dr. Palmer makes the following note with reference 
to this plant: ^^ Since my previous visit to this island this plant has de- 
creased ; spotB that contained a thicket of it have now but deatl plants, with 
a few scattering ]>lants alive." Professor Greene speakn of this plant as being 
quite common. The rapid extermination of this species seems to l>e a parallel 
case t^ that of Ciipressuu Guadalupcnsift^ spoken of by Mr. Greene. (Proc. Cal. 
Acad., I, 217.) Fortunately Dr. Palmer has laid in a supply of this si>ecies, 
and all our Amerie«in herbaria will have good specimens, even if it should 
become extinct. (No. 45 of 1875.) 

836. Centaaria Melitensis Linn. This weed has become intro<luced on the north 
end, and is gradually finding its way up the island. Not renorte<1 in the 
other lists from the island. 

871. Sonchns oleraceus Linn. Small, slender form, from 2 inches to a foot high ; 

radical and lower cauline leaves mostly undivided. Slia<ly spots iu canons; 
not very common. At the south end. (No. .52 of 1875.) 

872. The same, but somewhat taller, with pinnate leaves, the lol)es8pinuloKe-toothed. 

Also iu canons at the south end, but rarer. 

873. Sonchus tenerrimua Linn. A very small, slender form 2 to 8 inches high. 

Growing in shady caOons at the south end. An introduced species. Not 

before found on the island. Not common. 
887. Gilia Nevinii Gray. Only a half dozen plants seen on south end of island. 

When first collected in 187G it was found very abundant. March :U), 1889. 

(No. 78 of 1875.) 
833. The same. A few pl.ints found at the north end. April 1. 
889. Nemophlla racemosa Nntt. Have seen no speeimens of this species. The 

Guadalupe plants of Palmcx, 1875 (No. 7(»), were rcffrrod to .V. anriUi, The 

linear segments of the leaves are strongly serrate. The flowers iiiiunt*', 

apparently smaller than the species. Among rocks, edge of dry arroyo. March 

;W), south end of island. 
852. The same, from the north end, where it is more connnon, and found among 

rocks in cafions. 



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835. EUisia chrysanthemifolla Benth. The stems are prostrate or ascending, 
divaricate, very pubescent. Loaves mostly opposite, pinnate ; the oval lobee 
toothed ; calyx very small, shorter than the capsnle. Corolla white, abont 
the size of calyx. Only found in callon at north end. April 1. (74 and 75 
of 1875.) 

866. Phacelia floribunda Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad., i, 200. In shady cafion at the 
south end. 

866a. A small, almost simple form, 3 to 5 Inches high, growing with the last. 

833. The same, from canons at the north end. In all these cases the capsule is 
somewhat oblique, and only a single seed matures. 

848. Emmenautlie penduliflora Benth. Found in canons and hill-sides, at both 
ends of the island. April 1. On the north end. 

898. The same, from the south end of island. March 30. (No. 73 of 1875.) 

894. KryDitzkia foliosa Greene. Certainly very distinct from K, amhigua. Only 
known from this island, but here common, growing with 2l. vMTtiima, First 
collected by Palmer (No. 68 of 1875) and afterwards by Greene. Found in 
sandy arroyos and shady canons. March 29 and 30. South end of the island. 
No. 877 the same. 

842. The same, from a canon at the north end. 

879. K. maritima Greene. A small compact form, growing with No. 877 (No. 67 

of 1876) on south end of island. 
860. Solanum nigrum Linn. var. About a foot high, glabrous; leaves dentate, 

small ; flowers small (about two lines in diameter), violet. Only a single 

plant found growing among rocks in canon, on south end of island. March 

^29. (No. 60 of 1875.) 
839. MimUns latifoUus Gray. (No. 58 of 1875.) 
878. Plantago Patagonica Jacq. South end of island ; common. March 29. (No. 

.^>4 of 1875.) 
888. Pteroategia drymarioidea F. & M. (No. 84 of 1875.) At south end. March 

30. 

843. The same. Found in canons among shady rocks at north end. April 1. 

886. Mirabilis Callfomica Gray. Common. (No. 82 of 1875. ) South end of island. 

March :W. 
884. Parletaria debilis Foster. Common in shady canons. (No. 87 of 1875.) 
658. Brodiaea capitata Benth. In deep ravines and on hill-sides on the south end 

of the island. Not reported in Mr. Watson's paper, but Dr. Palmer sdys it is 

now quite plentiful. Also found by Mr. Greene. 
857. Polypodium Califomicmn Kaulf. On the north end. (No. 103 of 1875.) 

855. Notholaena Newberry! Eaton. (No. 103 of 1875.) 

856. Gymnogramme triangnlare Kauf. 

656. Mnhlenbergia debilis Trin. Found in the shade of rocky ledges and also in 

the exposed part of a canon of the southern part of the island. 
670. The same; collected at the northern end of the island. Goats do not eat this 
grass. 

657. Featuca tenella Willd. Habitat as 6.56. Saw no indications of the feeding 

of goats (the only animals here) upon this grass. 
^^74. The same ; found the south of the island. 

658. Tri8etum^Bai^ej{J3im^ Steud. Evidently an annual ; beyond the frost line it 

niay be perennial. Tn^^Ti^®®**®'^^ very little seed is formed, as the goats 
crop Ibis plant closely (thei^^ -^ ^^^ scanty vegetation on this, the southern 
end of the island), but thif ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ been frequent, and this plant is 
abundant, enabling us to «re^ '"'P® seed. This may be improved by cultiva- 
tion, plants found in {jm arable situations becoming quite large. It also 
makes good hay. 



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667. The same ; from uortheru part of island. Very common grasSy makiug the best 

forage upon tbi^ end of the islaod. In the callons it is very large, growiug 
so thickly that it looks like grain. 
673. The same. 

668. Avena barbata L. Found some specimens 4 feet high in the canons and on the 

roogh slopes. 

669. Ariotida bromoides H. B. K. In deep cafions among other grasses and plants. 
675. The same. 

671. Hordeum murinuxn L. Very abundant, bidding fair to exterminate other 

grasses and plants. 

672. Festuca Myums L. Not common. Grows in bunches in cafions among 

other grasses. 

HEAD OF THE GULF OF CALIFORNIA. 

Tbree days were spent at Lerdo, Mexico. This locality is 60 miles 
south-southwest from Yuma, latitude 31^ 46' IC, and lougitude 114'^ 
43' 30". 

The most interesting thing obtained here was Ammobroma^ which for 
the first time has been collected in good quantity. 

956. Naatnrtiiixii palnstre D. C. 

955. Aclvyronichia Cooperi T. Sl G. Places in river bottoms. Lerdo, Mexico. 

934. Dalea Emoryi Gray. In the deserts of southeast California and western 
Arizona, and south to Los Angeles Bay. One of the two hosts of Ammo- 
brania, 

941. CBnothera soapoidea Natt. Yar. Stems 4 to 8 inches high, much branched at 
base, lateral leaflets very small, or none ; calyx dark red within, petals less 
than 2 lines long, light yeUow. llemsley does not mention this iilant as 
growing in Mexico in Biol. Cent. Amer. 

933. Frauoeria dumosa Gray. Also collected here by Dr. Edward Palmer in 
1885. This species is common in the desert regions of south Utah, Arizona, 
southeast California, and extending as far south as Los Angeles Bay, Lower 
California. This is one of the two species upon which Jminobroma Sonorw is 
found, and its wide distribution leads us to expect that other stations of that 
parasite will yet be found. 

957. Onaphaliuxn Sprengelii H. Sl A. Dry places in river-bottoms. 
940. Palafosia linearia Lag. On the dry sand-hills. 

Ammobroma Sonoras Torr. This was first discovered in 1854 by Col. A. B. Gray, 
in charge of a railroad exploring party, at the head of the Gulf of Califor- 
nia. At this time a short notice of the discovery was published by Col. A. 
B. Gray in Memoirs of the American Academy of Science, but it was not 
until 1867 that a description of the genus was published by Dr. John Torrey 
in the Annals of Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y. Vol. VIII, p. 51, together with a good 
figure. So far as we can learn the plant was not collected again until 
Schuohard got it in Arizona. And now Dr. Palmer collected it in large 
quantities at Lerdo, Mexico. Until the present season its host plant has 
been unknown but Dr. Palmer has carefully examined into this, and col- 
lected two common plants of this arid region upon which it grows. These are 
Franseria dumosa and Dalea Emoryi. Dr. Palmer wrote that the plant grows 
in deep sand, the deeper the sand the larger and Juicier the plants. The 
Cooopa Indians gather them for food, which they relish under all circum- 
stances. They cat it raw, boiled, or roasted. The plant is full of moisture, 
and whites and Indians alike resort to it in traveling, as a valuable 
Bubstitate for water. It has a pleasant taste, much resembling the sweet 



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potato. The'uti'.iiiH are 2^ feet ioug aud 1 to 4 iuches iudi(iiuet<ir» butalmuet 
burietl, only the peeuliar white topH appearing nbovo the sand. The Cocopa 
Indiaus call it " Oyutch." Colouel Gray gave iiiacb tbo Haine report of this 
plaut. lie says the Papago Indians dry the stems and grind them with the 
mesquit beans, forming what they call ''pinole." 

937. Aphyllou Cooperi Gray. Parasitic on Franseria dumosa. The Cocopa In- 

dians also use this plant for food. It is very bitter, but this is mostly re- 
moved by boiling. They call it *' nep-cha-ga." It grows in the sand. 

938. This is the same. Parasitic on Ephedra. 

953. Amianthus Palxneii Wat. Var. A peculiar cespitose form, forming great 
mats, some stems with slender ascending or erect stems 4 to 10 inches long. 
At Lerdo, Souora, Mexico, April 24 to 26, 1889. Grows in river-bottom, in 
rather dry places. 

958. Probably the sterile of the same. Stems much branched at base and slender, 

Sagttaria variabilis Engl. The bulbs of this plaut are much used by the Cocopa 
htdiftUA either raw or roasted. Lerdo, Sonora. 

Ruppia maritima, Ltnu. Lerdo, Sonora. Hemsley says that this species had not 
been collected in Mexico^ altlKMi^ it might im expeetad. 

931. Scirpus maritiinus, hiuu.Jide F. V. Coville. 

924-931. Uniola Pahneri Vasey. This grass was collected 35 miles south of Lerdo 
aud about 15 miles from the mouth of the Colorado River. It grows abun- 
dantly on the tidal lands and forms almost the principal food-plant of the 
Cocopa Indians. A full account of this plant, with plate, appears in the 
Garden and Forest for August, 1889. 

948. Paiiicunx colonum Linn. An annual grass of which the seeds are used for 
food by the Indians. 

947. Pauicum capillare Linn. var. miliacemn, V. A peculiar variety with a 
drooping panicle, of the habit of P. miliaceum but with smaller spikelets. 
This is also used as food by the Indians, who sow the seeds in the rainy 
season. 

946. Lolium temulentum Linn. Introduced. 

945. Diplachne imbricata Scrib. This extends into Arizona and southern Cali- 
fornia. 



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UPON A COLLECTION OF PLANTS MADE BY MR. G.C. NEALLEY, IN THE 
REGION OF THE RIO GRANDE, IN TEXAS, FROM BRAZOS SANTIAGO 
TO EL PASO COUNTY. 



By John M. Coulter. 



Mr. G. C. Nealley was enpaged by the Division of Botany to make 
collections of plants during the seasons of 1887, 1888, and 1889, in the 
more unexplored parts of Texas, chieliy in the counties bordering the 
Eio Grande. It was hoped that many of the rarer plants of the Mex- 
ican Boundary Survey and other early collections would be re-discov- 
ered, that additional Mexican types would be found to be members of 
our tiora, and that species new to science would be brought to light. 
How far these hopes have been realized is shown in the following re- 
port. It is to be regretted that in many cases the stations are no more 
deftDitely given, but they are given with all the fullness that the field- 
notes will justify.^ 

1. Clediatis crispa L. Near Brazos Santiago in April, and later at Ballinger 

(Rnnnels county). 

2. Clematis Drummondii Torr. «& Gray. In great abundance along the Rio 

Grande near Koma (Starr county). 

3. ClematiB Pitoheri Torr. & Gray. Concho county. 

4. Aqiiilegia chrysantha Gray. Southwestern Texas. 

5. Cocculua diveraifolius DC. (C. oblongi/oliua DC.) t^nth western Texas. Two 

forms of this species occur in Mr. Nealley's collections ; one with ovate leayes, 
the other with narrowly oblong leaves. 

6. Castalia elegans Greene {Nymphcea elegans Hook.). Along the lower Rio Grande 

near Santa Maria (Cameron county), and apparently in considerable abun- 
dance. This rare and beautiful species, remarkable on account ok* its light 
blue petals, was discovered by Cbarles Wright in 1849, **near the head of 
the Leona River,'' a Texan tributary of the Rio Grande. Grown ftom seed 
at Kew, it was described and figured by Hooker in Curt. Bot. Mag., t 4604. 
Afterwards a single specimen was found by Berlandier in northern Mexico, 
and other specimens by Charles Wright in Cuba. For many years it was 
unreported, when it was re-<)iscovered in 1887 at Waco, McLennan count}*, 
by Misses Trimble and Wright (reported by E. E. Stem in Bull Torr. Bot 
Club, XV, 13) ; and iu 1888 by C. G. Pringle, ir lagoons near Brownsville. 
Bourgeau 4, froui Santa Anita, Mexico, n^ferred iu Hemsl. Biol. Centr. Amer,, 
-^ i. 25, to this species, is probably Canlalia flara Greene. 



* In the case of sets distributed before the publication of this contribution, the 
numbers on the labels sbonld be changed to the serial numbers of this paper. Some 
changes, also, have been made in determination, and hence a few names on already 
distributed labels are misleading. 

24574— No. 2 1 29 



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7. Castalia flava Gre«no {Nymphcea flava Leitner). Kio Grande City (Starr 

county). To this must be referred Bourgeau 4, from Santa Anita, Mexico, ae 
noted under the preceding species. The discovery of this Florida yellow 
water-lily along the Rio Grande in Texas, as well as in Mexico, is an inter- 
esting one. In Pringle's distribution of 1888, no. 1956, from lagoons near 
Brownsville, is labeled Nymphcea Mexicana Zucc, and it is undoubtedly the 
same as our specimens from Mr. Nealloy. There seems to be so much uncer- 
tainty, however, as to what X, Mexicana is, and our plants so closely accord 
with the well-known Caatalia flava, that we have ventured to so name them. 
It is but fair t^o say that none of the Nealloy specimens are in fruit, and it 
may bo discovered that all of these Texano-Mexican yellow water-lilien 
are Catialia Mexicana. 

8. Nelumbo lutea Pcrs. (Nelumbium luieum Willd.) Along the lower Rio Grande, 

near Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

9. Argemone platyceras Link <& Otto, var. rosea Coulter n. var. Petals bright 

rose-purple. Corpus Christi. This includes also the form referred to by 
Watsou (Proc. Am. Acad., xvii. 'MS) under Palmer 20. 

10. Thelypodium liuearifoliom Watson. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

11. Thelypodium micrauthiun Wutson. Limpia ca&on and Chenate Mountains 

(Presidio county). Mr. Neallcy's plants are quite small and sometimes 
Bimx>le, some of them being not more than 9 inches or 1 foot high. They are 
sometimes also quite glabrous, even as to the lower leaves, and the stigma 
scorns sessile. This species is confused in herbaria with T. longifolium Wat- 
sou, in which the flowers are twice as large. 

12. Thelypodium Vaseyi Coulter, n. sp. Glaucous and glabrous throughout, 6 to 

9^'" high, branching, with coai'se stems : leaves thin, oblanceolate, becoming 
narrower above, entire or lower leaves somewhat repand-denticulate, clasp- 
ing by rounded auricles (or the lowest merely sessile), 2.5 to ICK™ long, 
1.25 to 3.75*^™ broad: flowers very small, white, about 3™"* high : pods very 
slender, becoming distant and ascending or erect, 3.75 to 5<^"» long, on pedi- 
cels C to S'""" long.— Near Rio Grande City, Texas {Nealley) ; also collected 
in 1881 by G. R. Vasey (no. 29) in the mountains west of Las Vegas, New 
Mexico, iu immature condition. Vasey's plants were too young to be char- 
acterized, although Mr. Watsou, to whom the specimens were submitted, 
considered them as probably representing a new species. Mr. Nealley's speoi- 
mens supply nearly mature i)ods, which may become longer than noted in 
the description. The species seems to be very distinct from any other Thely- 
podium. 

13. Thelypodium "Wrightli Gray. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). Specimens 

in lino fruiting condition show pods mostly 3 inches long or over. 

14. Lesquerella argyrea Watson ( Vcsicaria argyrea Gray). Roma (Starr county) 

and Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

15. Lesquerella Engelmanni Watson ( Vesicaria Engelmauni Gray). Camp Char- 

lotto (Ixiou county). The collection includes two forms: one leafy, with 
very narrow and entire -leaves; the other with nearly all the leaves rather 
broad and sinuate-dentate. 

16. Lesquerella gracilis Watson ( Vesicaria gracili8 Hook.). Brazos Santiago. 

17. Sisymbrium canescens Nutt. Limpia cuQou (Presidio county). 

18. Sisymbrium diffusum Gray. Limpia ca&on (Presidio county) and Chisos 

Mountiiins (Foley county). This species was collected by Wright and the 
Mexican Boundary Survey in the southwest comer of Texas. G. R. Vasey 
and Rusby have collected it in adjoining New Mexico, and Pringle in Mexico. 
Mr, Neallcy's Limpia calion specimens were collected at Wright's original 
station. 

19. Erysimum asperum DC. Limpia caQon (Presidio county). 



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31 

20. Qreggia camponimGray. Chenate MountaiuB(Pre8iiliocoaDty). Tbis species 

in remarkably variable, a fact whicb is better knowu in bcrbaria than in pub- 
licatiou. Very little fieetus to have beeu added to Gray's origiual description 
iu PL Wright,f i. 8, but tbe immaturity of his specimens prevented him from 
discovering certain characters which seem generic. No mention is made of 
the fact; nor does it appear iu the plate in PI. ffriyht.^ that the mature 
stamens are strongly sagittate and coiled, as in Thelypodium, The pod, in- 
stead of being short and allied to that of SynthlipsU, is a silique (a fact 
recognized by Beutham & Hooker), oft«n quite elongated (an inch or more), 
and usually more or loss curved at maturity. Iu fact, the persistent septum 
is always carved, often strougly so. The sepals also become strongly ro- 
f exed. The species G. camporum presents such great variations in the size 
and shape of its leaves that extreme forms are never recognized by a collector 
as forms of the same species. These specimens from the Chenate Mountains 
have broad and sinuate* dentate leaves, the leaves being sometimes an inch 
broad and so deeply sinuate-den tato as to appear almost pinnatifid. 

21. Oreggia camporum Gray, var. augustifolla Coulter, n. var. Leaves mostly 

entire (occasionally sinnate-toothed) and very narrow (but 2 to 4™™ broad). — 
Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). If certain intermediate forms were not 
common this variety would represent a fairly good species. The pods are 
also quite variable \u length in the same specimen. Considering the great 
variability of the leaves and pods the following may be but another variety 
of this polymorphous species : 

22. Greggia linearifolia Watson. Camp Charlotte (Ixion coanty), mixed with the 

last, to which it is closely related. 

23. lAepidiom alyssoides Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

24. Syuthlipsis Berlandierl Gray, var. hispida Watson. Brazos Santiago. 

25. Cakile maritima Scop., var. asqualia Chapman. Brazos Santiago. A West 

Indian and Floridiau species found along the Texan coast. 

26. Polanisia trachysperma Torr. & Gray. Corpus Christi. Balliuger (Runnels 

county) and Limpia oailou (Presidio county). 

27. lonidium polygalaefoUum Vent. Roma (Starr county). 

28. Polygala alba Nutt. Brazos Santiago and Chenate Mountains (Presidio 

county). 

29. Polygala ovalifolia DC. Western Texas. 

30. Polygala pubemla Gray. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

31. Silene laciniata Cav., var. Greggli Watson. Limpia cafiou (Presidio county). 

32. Stellaria prostrata Baldw. Santa Maria (Cameron county) and Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). The Chenate specimens are much smaller 
than usual. 

33. Talinmn parviflorum Nutt. Corpus Christi. 

33a. Talinum lineare HBK. ( T. atiranttaciim Engelm.) Corpus Christi. 

34. Malva borealls Wallm. Brazos Santiago. An Old World plant, apparently 

naturalized throughout our southern border from the Gulf coast of Texas to 
California. 

35. Callirrhoe lineariloba Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

36. Malvaatrum coccineum Gray. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

37. Malvaatrum spicatum Gray. Brazos Santiago. A Mexican species. 

38. Malvaatrum tricuspidatum Gray. Brazos Santiago. Specimens smaller in 

all dimensions than usual. 

39. Malvaatrum 'Wrightil Gray. Corpus Christi. A very small form, with un- 

usually reduced bractlets. 

40. Anoda haatata Cav. " Screw Bean " (Presidio county). 

41. Anoda pentaacliista<jr ray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). The lower 

leaves are rather larger than usual, some of them being broadly triangular 



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32 

ami 2 iucbes loug by 1^ iuch«tt wide. The viu-iation iu the leaves passiug ap 
the Hteiu in remarkable. Iu addition to the broad triangalar leaves, some 
are ;{-lob^d, theu above become narrower and hastate, finally narrowing to 
linear, but always hastate. 

42. Si da hederacea Gray. Pecos flats, near Pecos City (Reeves county). 

43. Sida lepidota Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

44. Sida longipes Gray. Pena (Duval county). This seems to be the first recorded 

collection of this species since Wright's in 1851 and that of the Mexican ' 
Bouudary Survey. It very closely resembles 8. Lindheimeri Eng. & Gray, 
but the nmticous carpels, as well as the elongated fruiting pedicels, serve 
well to distiuguish it. 

45. Sida physocalyz Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

46. Abutilou Berlandieri Gray. Corpus Christi (Nueces county) and San Diego 

(Duval county); also iound in 1882 by G. W. Letterman at Laredo (Webb 
county) and distributed as A. holoHericeum Scheele. A Mexican species, Ber- 
landier's 1550, 3050, and 3108, from northeast Mexico, being the same. 

47. Abutilon crispum Gray. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

48. Abutilou holosericeum Scheele. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

49. Abutilon incanum Don. {A. Texeme Torr. & Gray). Rio Grande City (Slnrr 

county). A, incanum is a species of the Sandwich Islands, but considenHl by 
Dr. Gray (Proc. Am. Acad., xxii. 301) identical with our A, I'exense, **iiot 
withstanding the disjointed range." 

50. Abutilon Nealleyi Coulter, n. sp. Stem slender, erect, 6 to 12<'™ high, soft 

puberulont above, becoming glabrous below : leaves broadly cordate and long 
acuminate, entire or slightly crenate, green and soft pubernlent (becoming 
glabrous) above, white with fine dense stellate pubescence beneath, 6 to 10^^ 
long, 5 to 7.5^<" wide, becoming smaller above, on long petioles (2.5 to 9^*° 
long), the loy^er with axillary fascicles of small leaves: flowers in loose, few- 
flowered, long ped uncled, upper-axillary and terminal panicles, very small, 
not more than 4°'°* high: calyx stellate-pubescent, deeply cleft, the ovate 
acute lobes about half as long as the petals and very much shorter than the 
carpels : petals yellow or orange, hardly 4"*°^ long : carpels 5, becoming 6 to 
8°^"* long, puberulent, with a shorty acuminate beak, 2 or 3-8eeded; seeds 
usually with a tuft of white hairs. — Near Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). This 
species is au addition to the group of herbaceous, large-leaved, rather naked 
paniculate and small-flowered forms, represented heretofore by A, SonorcB 
Gray, A. reventum Watson, and A, Xanti Gray. A. Nealleyi has much the 
smallest flowers, and looks somewhat like a species of BastardiOf but the 2 or 
3-Heeded carpels are plainly those of Abutilon, 

51. Abutilon parvulum Gray. Near Pena (Duval county) and in the Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

52. Abutilon Wrightii Gray. Corpus Christi. 

53. Sphaeralcea ^mbigua Gray. Pena (Duval couQty). S. Emoryi in Ives Col. 

Exp. Bot. 8, and Bol. Calif, partly, not PI. Fendl. nor PI. Wright. Abundant 
on the arid plains of southern California, Nevada, and Arizona, and now 
found iu southern Texas. 

54. Sphaeralcea angustifolia Spach., var. cuspidata Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion 

county). 

55. Sphaeralcea Fendleri Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

56. Sphaeralcea subhastata Coulter, n. «p. Low (7 to 22<^), fruticose and branch- 

ing, covered throughout with coarse almost scurfy stellate -pubescence : leaves 
thick, ovate to oblong, mostly obtuse and subhastate, rugose and more or less 
serrate, 1.25 to 3.75^"* long, 10 to 16™"" broad, on thick petioles 6 to IS™"* long: 
flowers mostly solitary and axillary on very short pedicels: calyx cleft about 
half way, the lobes acute or somewhat acuminate, little more than half as 



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33 

long OS tho' purplish (in dried specimens) corolla; which is 1.25 to 2.5*^ in 
diameter: fruit subglobose, densely stellate-pubescent; with no apparent 
cusps. — "Screw Bean'' (Presidio county). To this species is referred Wright 
883 in part; collected in New Mexico in 1851 ; also Palmer 93, from Coahnila, 
Mexico, collected in 1880. The species is intermediate between S. hastulata 
Gray and S. angustifoliaf var. ouspidata Gray. Palmer 93 was considered by 
Mr. Watson (Proc. Am. Acad., xvii. 331) to be a form of S. I^istulata, Mature 
fruit, as well as the coarse stellate-pubescence, indicates a much closer rela- 
tionship to S, angust\foUaf var. cuapidaiaf under which polymorphous species 
it should be included if not entitled to specific rank. It differs, however, 
from that species in its low habit, short ovate or oblong snbhastate leaves, 
solitary short-pediceled flowers, and its pointless carpels. 

57. Malachra palmata Mcenoh. Brazos Santiago. 

58. Hibiscus cardiophyllus Gray. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

59. Hibiscus Coulteri Harvey. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). Pringle's Ari- 

zona specimens have petals purplish outside, but Nealley's are pure sulphur 
yellow, as in the original specimens of Wright and the Mexican ones of Conlter. 

60. Hermannia Tezana Gray. Rio Grande City (Starr county) and Pena (Duval 

county). Apparently somewhat abundant along the Texan frontier, but 
it seems not to have been recently reported from Texas. 

61. Iiinum rigidum Pursh. Brazos Santiago. 

62. Malpighia glabra L. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

63. Janusia gracilis Gray. Corpus Christ! (Nueces county), San Diego (Duval 

county), in " western Texas "from several localities without specific stations, 
and in the Chenate Mountains C Presidio county). 

64. Quiacum anguatifoliam Engolm. (Porlieria angnaiifolia Gray). Rio Grande 

City (Starr county). In Proc, Am, J cad., xxii. 306, Dr. Gray says that the 
genus Porlieria can not be kept up. 

65. Geranium caespitosum James. Limpia cation (Presidio county). 

66. Ozalis Berlandieri Torr. Pena (Duval county). A species not very abun- 

dantly nor recently collected. 

67. Ozalis comicolata L., var. stricta Sav. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

68. Ozalis dichondraefolia Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

69. Ptelea trifoliata L., var. mollis Torr. & Gray. DeviFs River (Val Verde 

county). 

70. Kceberlinia spinosa Zucc. Roma (Starr county) and Limpia oafion (Presidio 

county). 

71. Zizyphus obtusifolius Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county) and Hidalgo 

(Hidalgo county). 

72. Karwinskia Humboldtiana Zucc. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

73. Ceanothus Qreggii Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). A species here- 

tofore known to extend from Utah to Arizona, New Mexico, and Mexico, and 
now discovered in western Texas. 

74. Adolphia infesta Meisner. Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

75. Urvillea Mezicana Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county) and Hidalgo (Hi- 

dalgo county). 

76. Cardiospermum moUe HBK. Limpia canon (Presidio county). A north 

Mexican species new to our flora. . 

77. Ungnadia speciosa Endl. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

78. Rhus virens Lindh. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

79. Crotalaria incana L. Brazos Santiago. A common Mexican and West Indian 

species. Our specimens are quite low, with very villous-hirsnte stems, not 
very much resembling the tall and rather smooth forms of 8. Florida referred 
to this species. 

80. Melilotns Jndica All. {M,parviffora Desf.). Brazos Santiago. 



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81. Hosackia rigida Bentb. (iocl. //. puhei'ula Benth. and ff. Wrightii Gray). 

Chisos Mountains (Foley county). In Bot Calif, \, 136, Dr. Watson snggests 
that H. puhenila Bouth. and B, Wrightii Gray are but forms of H, rigida 
Bentb. Botanists will testify to the impossibility sometimes of distingnisbing 
tliese species. In Nealley's collection tbere are some remarkable specimens 
that combine in one plant all tbo important characters of these three so-called 
species. Some of tbo peduncles are short, and others very long ; the calyx- 
t<^etb equal the tube or are shorter ; the leaves are from obovate or oblong to 
narrowly linear. These specimens should be referred to H,puberula if the old 
specific distinctions are to be kept np. After examining a large series of 
specimens, however, it seems best to consider them all but as forms of a 
wide-spread and very polymorph us species, of which ff. Bryanii Brandegee 
{PL Baja Calif, 144) seems to be but another form. 

82. Psoralea linearifolia Torr. & Gray, var. robusta Coulter, ». var. Whole 

plant, in all its parts, more robust than the typo : leaves linear-oblong, 4 to 
tjcm long, 5 or 6""" wide, thickly black-dotte<l above and below: flowers 
mostly in clusters of three, distant along the rhachis. — Clarendon (Donley 
county). Collected by Nealley in 1888. 

83. Psoralea tenuiflora Pursh. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

84. Dalea alopecuroides Willd. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

85. Dalea aurea Nutt. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

86. Dalea Domingensis DC, var. paucifolia Coulter, n. var. Whole plant more 

hairy : leaflets but three or four pairs and larger : inflorescence becom- 
ing more or less compact-clustered in the upper axils, and the calyx-tube 
nearly glabrous, making very prominent the large amber-colored glands. — 
Rio Grande City (Starr county). This is also Palmer 1049, collect<jd in 
northern Mexico between San Luis Potosi and Tampico, and referred by 
Hemsley to D. Domingensis DC. The species has been found in S. Florida, 
and Mr. Hemsley {Biol. Central Amer., i. 239) credits it to Texas and New 
Mexico, but from what collectors we are not aware. Mr. Nealley's collection 
brings the first Texan specimens we have seen. 

87. Dalea formosa Torr. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county >. 

88. Dalea frutescens Gray. Devil's River (Val Verde county), and Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

89. Dalea mallis Benth. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

90. Dalea nana Torr. Roma (Starr county). 

91. Dalea pogonathera Gray. Roma (Starr county), and Chisos Monntains (Foley 

county). The Chisos specimens have unusually broad cuneiform leaflets. 
A Mexican species, apparently extending northward only in to southern Texas 
and Now Mexico. 

92. Dalea Wrightii Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). With unusually 

broad bracts. 

93. Petalostemon emarginatus Torr. & Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

94. Petalostemon multiflorus Nutt. Corpus Christi. 

95. Petalostemon violaceus Michx., var. tenuis Coulter, n. var. A slender low 

form rarely as much as a foot high, with round or roundish-oblong small 
often few-flowered heads ou long slender peduncles, and shorter ppinted 
bracts (not equaling the calyx, and hence not very apparent in the head). — 
Santa Anna (Coleman county). Apparently the form referred to in PL Fendl, 
under no. 138. The species is an exceedingly variable one, but the above 
variety is so distinct in character that it seems to deserve a name and descrip- 
tion. 

96. Astragalus leptocarpus Torr. Sl Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

97. Astragalus Nuttallianus DC, var. trichocarpus lorr. & Gray. Brazos 

Santiago. Apparently very common. 



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98. Zomia tetraphylla Miohx. Peiia (Duval county). 

99. Deunodinin spirale DC. Liropia caRon (Presidio county). This seems to be 

the first record of this Mexican species occurring in the United States. It 
is qnite yariable in its pubescence, as well as its leaves. Our specimens are 
all 3-foliolate, and hence seem not to be the same as D. annuum Qray (described 
from Wright's Sonorau specimens), which Grisebach has included nnder D. 
spirale DC. However, they are clearly the same as the. Mexican D. spiraU 
of PHnghf no. 612, and of Parry 4" Palmer, no. 181, and accord well with all 
published descriptions. 

100. DeBmodium Wrightii Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

101. Vicia Ludoviciana Nutt. Point Isabel. 

102. Qalactia heterophylla Gray. Pena (Duval county) and Chenate Mountains 

(Presidio county). This remarkable species was first collected by Lind- 
helmer. Nealley's collection brings excellent specimens from both Pena in 
eastern Texas, and the Chenate Mountains of western Texas. 

103. Cologania longifolia Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

104. PhaaeoluB acutifolius Gray. Liropia caflon (Presidio county). This species 

has heretofore been collected only in Arizona, New Mexico, and Mexico. Our 
specimens represent the large-leaved Mexican form. 

105. PhaseoluB umbellatuB Britton. (P. helvolus of Am. authors, not of L.) Cor- 

pns Christi. 

106. PhaseoluB macropoideB- Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). So 

far as the United States is concerned this species has only been found in 
New Mexico by Wright, in 1851; by the Mexican Boundary Survey; and 
lately (1881) by Rusby in the MogoUon Mountains, ^r. Nealley's discovery 
of it in extreme western Texas not only brings us more of a rare plant, but 
considerably extends its range. Pringh 12iW (1887), from plains near 
Guerrero, Chihnahna, referred U> P. heterophyllus Willd., also seems to be this 
species. 

107. Rhynchosia menlBpermoidea DC. Corpus Christi. 

108. Rhynchosia Tezana Torr. & Gray. Corpus Christi. 

109. Hofibnanseggia Jameaii Torr. & Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

no. Ho£Emaiiseggia melanosticta Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). So 
far as I know, this species has been reported but once from the United States 
side of the Rio Grande, and then by Parry^ in the valley of the Rio Grande 
below Donna Ana, in the Mexican Boundary Survey. It was found originally, 
and but once since^ in northern Mexico (by Edwards at Rinconada and 
Monterey, and by Gregg near Buena Vista and in a valley near Azufrora), and 
is altogether one of the rarest of species. This Chisos Monntain collection 
contains quite an amount of fruiting and flowering material. The speci- 
mens conform exactly to the original description. In the case of the Mexican 
Boundary Survey specimens Dr. Torrey speaks of the plants difiering some- 
what from the description of Schauer in having only two or three pairs of 
leaflets, and the vexillum destitute of glands and dots. In the Nealley 
specimens the leaflets are three and lour pairs (mostly the former), and the 
vexillum is decidedly dotted ; the single specimen of Parry that we have 
seen shows the same characters. This species is the only American represent- 
ative of the section Melanosticta, the two other species being South African. 
The section is characterized chiefly by the densely black-glandular calyx- 
lobes. The species somewhat resembles our common H. Jamesii Torr. & 
Gray, but the leafleta are fewer, larger, and more distant, the whole plant 
more villous, and the legumes larger and much more niuricate and glan- 
dular. As no description of the species has been published in English, and 
the Latin description is not very accessible, I append a translation of the 
description given in Walp. Ann. i. 257: '^Fruticose: branchlets and racemes 



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oanegoent with Bhort yilloas retrorne hairs : leaves with two pain of piDnie 
and a terminal pinna ; ptnnse all abrupt, with a mncronate rhachis ; leaflets 
three or four pairs, obliquely elliptical, very short petiolulate, very obtnse 
or retuse, together with the rhachis loosely villous, black-punctate beneath, 
as are the calyx and legume : racemes terminal or lateral, peduncled, loose- 
flowered: legume two to three-seeded, mnriculate, the short muriculations 
stellate-pilose at apex." 

111. Hoffinanaesgia ozycarpa Benth. Western Texas, collected in 1688. This 

seems to be a very rare species, having been reported only by Wright from 
Texas in 1851, and by the botanists of the Mex. Bound. Surv. from extreme 
western Texas. 

112. Hofbiianaeggia stxicta Benth. Corpus Christi (Nueces county) and Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

113. Parkinsonia aonleata L. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

114. Parkinaonia Torreyana Watson. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). The finding of 

this species along the lower Rio Grande was unexpected, as it has heretofore 
seemed restricted to southern and western Arizona and contiguous Califor- 
nia. Its representative in the Rio Grande Valley is P. florida Watson, and 
they were thought to be as distinct in range as in characters, although the 
western type was for a time confused with that of the Rio Grande. Nealley's 
specimens, however, collected in both flower and fruit, show the character- 
istic inflorescence, the thick-edged pod with its double groove, and the leaf- 
lets of P. Torreyt^a, It is possible that the two forms should not be con- 
sidered distinct species. 

115. Caaaia bauhinioidea Gray. Roma (8tarr county). 

116. Caaaia nictltaDa L. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

117. Caaaia procambens L. Pena (Duval county). This is a variable tropical- 

American species, first found in Texas by Berlandier (no. '4^427), and after- 
ward by the Mex. Bound, Surv. Berlaudier's specimen is larger than the 
type. Nealley's specimens conform better in size, but have tUe decidedly 
larger stipules and flowers of the Berlandier specimen. In a species so 
widely extended and variable such variation counts for little. 

118. Caaaia pumilio Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

119. Deamanthua depreaaua Hurab. & Bonpl. Sante Maria (Cameron county). 

This species is abundant enough in southern Florida and the West Indies, also 
from northern Mexico southward, but has only occasionally been collected in 
Texas. The present collection indicates that it grows in abundance in Cam- 
eron county, the most southern coast county of Texas. 

120. Deamanthua reticulatua Benth. Corpus Christi (Nueces county) and Pena 

(Duval county). 

121. Blimoaa Berlandieri Gray. Brazos Santiago. This rare species seems to 

have been collected heretofore only by Sohott, along the lower Kio Grande 
in Texas, and by Berlandier (no. 3146) near Matamoras, on the Mexican side 
of the river. Both of these discoveries were reported in Bot. Mex. Bound. 
Survey (1859). Nealley's station, from which he has brought conside- 
rable material, is just north of the mouth of the Rio Grande. 

122. Mimoaa biuncifera Benth. South westeiii Texas. Collected in 1887. 

123. Mimoaa dyaocarpa Benth. Linipia cafion (Presidio county). This species 

was collected by Chas. JVi-ight in his New Moxicau collection of 1851, and by 
Emory in the Mexican Boundary- Survey. Since then, it was collected in 
1874 in Arizona by Boihrocky and by Priwjle in his Chihuahua collections. 
With the present collection in weHteni Texas we have the range of this 
species extending throughout northern Mexico and adjacent parts of the 
United States. 

124. Mimoaa Lindhelmeri Gray. Koma (Starr county). 



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125. Mimosa malacophylla Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron Aonnty). 
125a. Mimosa strigillosa Torr & Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

126. Leacaena retusa Bentb. Limpia (^fion (Presidio coanty). This species was 

collected by Wright (oo. 171) in western Texas in 1849, and in New Mexico 
(no. 1046) in 1651 ; tben by the Mexican Boundary Survey (no. 318) in the 
valley of the Kio Gmnde below Donna Ana ; most recently by Eeverchon 
(no. 1262) on rocky blnffs near Junction City (Kimble county). 

127. Acacia amentacea DC. Konia (Starr connty). This collection brings to 

handy for the first time, the roatnre legumes of this species, at least Ben- 
tham, in bis Hev. MimosecBj says '^ legumen ignotnm,'' and I find no record of 
any subsequent discovery. The legume is short-stipitate, arcuate, 7.5 to 
10^™. long, and but 4 to 6"^. wide. It thus differs from its congener. A, Jlexi- 
cauliSf in its stipitate and very narrow legume, as well as in its leaves with a 
single pair of pinnas. 

128. Acacia Berlandieri Benth. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). Apparently quite 

common on the dry hills of the lower Rio Grande. 

129. Acacia constrlcta Benth. Roma (Starr county.) An abundance of fine fruit- 

ing specimens. 

130. Acacia Farnesiana Willd. Hidalgo) Hidalgo coanty) and Roma (Starr 

county). 

131. Acacia filicina Willd. Chisos Mountains (Foley County). Our plants show 

an unusual reduction of the leaves of this abundant and exceedingly vari- 
able species, the pinnte being 2 to 5 pairs, and the leaflets 5 to 10 pairs. 

132. Acacia flezicanlis Benth. Santa Maria (Cameron county). This species 

seems to belong to both coasts, having been found by Dr. Palmer at Corpus 
Christi Bay, and by Mr. Nealley along the coast of Camerod county ; also by 
Xantus along the coast of Lower California from Cape St. Lucas northward, 
and by Dr. Palmer at Los Angeles Bay. 

133. Pithecolobiam (Ungnis-cati) Tezense Coulter, n. «p. A shrub or small tree 

armed with short stout stipular spines, the infioresconco and brancblets pu- 
berulent: leaves with 1 or 2 pinnte, the lower pair (if any) much the smaller; 
leaflets in the upper part of pinnaD 3 or 4 pairs, in the lower I or 2 pairs, 
obliquely elliptical and the terminal pair mostly obovate, venulose and with 
more or less excentric midrib, 6 to 10"»™ long, 4 to e"*"" wide : peduncles (about 
\2mm long) apparently in axillary dusters (in fact on very much reduced 
branches) : spike rather loosely flowered, oblong, 2.5 to 4^"^ long: the staro- 
iueal tube exserted : pod coriaceous, becoming very bard and more or less 
arcuate, with the thickened edges somewhat impressed between the seeds, 
10 to 15' ™ long, 18 to 25"»"» wide, about 8-seeded. — Near Roma (Starr county). 
This species bears a somewhat striking resemblance to Jcacia Jltxicauliat and 
it is more than probable that it has been collected and referred to that 
species. If collected only in foliage and fruit it would most probably be re- 
ferreil to A, Jiexioaulis, However, the flowers not only show the indefinite 
monadelphous stamens of the tribe IngeaSf but the stamiueal tube isexserted. 
Belonging to the Unguis-caii section, it difi'ers from those with oblong spikes 
in the leaves having usually a second and smaller pair of pinnie. Its nearest 
allies belong to tropical America, some of them reaching north into Mexico. 

134. Cowania plicata D. Don. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). A north Mexi- 

can species, reported for the first time within our borders. 
J.35. Fallagia paradoza Endl. Near Bone Spring (Foley county). 

136. Sedum Wrightii Gray. DeviFs River ( Val Verde county). 

137. Iiythmm alatum Pursh, var. linearifolium Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron 

couuty). 

138. Nesasa salicifolia HBK. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

139. Hpilobinm coloratam Muhl. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 



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140. Oenothera Drummondii Hook. Corpus Cbristi. 

141. CEnothera Hartwegi Beuth. Pena (Dqval county ). Petals purplisli veiny 

outside. 

142. CEnothera Hartwegi Beuth., var. lavandulaefolia Watson. '< Screw Bean'' 

(Presidio county). 

143. CEnothera Jameaii Torr. &. Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

144. CEnothera roaea Ait. Santa Maria (Cameron couuty ). Some of the specimens 

are siuiply puberulent, while others are quite villous. They all have rather 
broad lanoeolate leaves. This South American and Mexican species baa here- 
tofore been reported from Arizona and New Mexico, but not from Texas. 

145. CEnothera roaea Ait., var. parvifolia Coulter, n. var. Low and diffusely 

branching, 7.5 to 15<^»" high, villous: leaves very much smaller than in the 
species, seldom 12'""> long : calyx purple. — Limpia ca&on (Presidio county). 
Quite different in appearance from the species, being much smaller in all its 
parts. The red purple of the calyx and the lilac-purple of the corolla give 
a fuchsia-Iiko look to the flowers. 

146. CEnothera aerrnlata Nutt. Brazos Santiago. Petals purplish-veiny outside. 

147. CEnothera semilata Nutt., var. apinulosa Torr. <& Gray. beviPs River (Val 

Verde couuty ).• 

148. CEnothera apeclosa Nutt. Santa M<iria (Cameron county). 

149. Ganra coccinea Nutt., var. parvifolia Torr. & Gray. Santa Anna (Coleman 

couuty). This variety at best seems to be a poorly defined one, as there is 
much intermingling of lanceolate and linear, denticulate and entire leaves 
upon individual specimens. 

150. Qaura Nealleyi Coulter, n. sp. Near to G, suffulta Engelm.; but lower part of 

the stem sparingly hirsute, the rhachis, calyx, and bracts glandular-pubescent : 
leaves rather crowded below, linear, acute, entire, closely sessile or somewhat 
tapering' at base, glabrous except the minute and rigid more or less hooked 
hairs on the margins and midrib beneath, 12 to 36""" long, but 2 or*3°*™ 
broad: inflorescence few -flowered, rather losse: fruit as in G.auffHltaf but 
with a tapering base or short stipe.—Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

151. Oaura parviflora Dougl. * Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

152. Qaura ainnata Nutt. Camp Charlotte (Ixiou county). Both the glabrons 

and hairy forms. 

153. Cevallia ainuata Lag. Roma (Starr county), and Limpia caHon (Presidio 

county). 

154. Mentzelia multiflora Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). A low form, 

with sharply acute petals and short turbinate capsules. 

155. Mentzelia oligoaperma Nutt. Limpia cafion (Presidio cor.nty). 
356. Mentzelia Wrightii Gray. Limpia cafiou (Presidio county). 

157. Encnide bartonioidea Zucc. Devil's River (Val Verde county). 

158. Tuniera diffuaa (f), var. aphrodisiaca Urban. {T, aphrodisiaca Ward.) 

Roma (Starr couuty). This is the first record of the discovery of the some- 
what famous ^' Damlana '' within our borders. It grows abundantly through- 
out western Mexico and Lower California, and more sparingly in eastern 
Mexico. The original description of Prof. L. F. Ward appears in the Vir- 
ginia Medical Monthly for April, 1876. 

159. Paaaiflora fcatida L. Near Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

160. Paaaiflora inamcana Gray. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

161. Paaaiflora tenuiloba Kugelm. Roma and Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

162. Melothria pendula L. Santa Maria (Cameron couuty) aod Hidalgo (Hidalgo 

county). 

163. Cyclanthera diaaecta Arnott. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

164. Sesuvium Portulacaatrum L. Corpus Christi (Nueces couuty) and Camp 

Charlotte (Ixion couuty). 



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165. Mollugo vertlcillata L. Limpia cnnon (Presidfo connty). A renoarlcablo 

form of tliis widely distributed and polyiuorphoiiB species. The leaves are 
all very short and broadly obovate, but leaf contours can not be made ta de- 
fine eyeA.a variety in this species. 

166. Daucus pusillus Micbx. Brazos Santiago. 

167. Eryngium Leavenworthil Torr. & Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

168. Eryngiuiii naaturtiifoliiiin Jass. Santa Maria (Cameron county). A south 

Mexican species, found in northern Mexico by Palmer and now discovered 
within our southern border (in the southernmost Gulf connty) by Nealley. 

169. Er3mgiuni Wrightil Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). Heads 

sometimes more than 12™™ high, and bracts not twice as long. 

170. AzmnoBelinum Pope! Torr. & Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

171. FcBniculum vulgare Gsertn. Brazos Santiago. 

172. Apiam leptophyllum F. Muel. Brasos Santiago. ^ 

173. Bo^'lesia lobata Ruiz &, Pavon. Brazos Santiago. 

174. Ammi majua L. Brazos Santiago. Thi^ species was very probably collected 

dn ballast, although possibly an introduced weed. It has been found on 
ballast at Philadelphia, and at Portland, Oregon. 

175. Boavardia triphylla Salisb., var. anguatifblia Gray. Limpia cafion (Presidio 

county). 

176. fioustonia acerosa Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

177. Houstonia angnatlfolla Michx. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

178. Hovstonla angnatifolia Mx., var. fiUfoUa Gray. Corpus Christi (Nueces 

connty) and Ballinger (Runnels connty). 

179. Spennacoce glabra Michx. Brazos Santiago. 

180. Qalium microphyllum Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

181. Galium virgatum Nutt. Brazos Santiago. 

182. Qalium Wrightii Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). The bristles 

of the fruit are not always as long as its diameter. 

183. Stevia aerrata Cav. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

184. Carminatia tenuiflora DC. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). Smaller plants 

than usual, some being not more than 6 inches high, with leaves proportion- 
ally reduced. 

185. Eupatorium ageratifolium DC, var. acuminatum Coulter, n, var. Branch- 

lets, lower leaf surface, and involncral bracts finely and often densely pubes- 
cent: leaves smaller (36 to less than 25''^ long), and sharply acuminate.— 
Point Isabel. ^ 

186. Bupatorium Oreggii Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio connty). 

187. Bupatorium aolidaginifolium Gray. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). The 

thyrsoid panicle becomes much larger and more lax and leafy than in the 
type specimens, and anything but ** small,'' as in the original description. In 
the present specimens the panicle sometimes becomes 15 io 20^^ long and 14 
to IQf^ across the base, being at the same time very lax and leafy. Associated 
with these large panioled specimens are others with panicles of the described 
dimensions. 

188. Bupatorium Wrlghtii Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). This beau- 

tiful species does not seem to have been reported within our border since 
Wright's original collection, the station of which was in the same general 
region as the present collection. Pringle collected it in 1885 in the mountains 
of Chihuahua. 

189. Brickellia oliganthes Gray, var. crebra Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio 

county). This is the same as ri-ingle 6135 (of 1885), from Chihuahua. The 
leaves are decidedly petioled and very different from those of the species. 

190. Kuhnia rosmarinifolia Vent. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

191. Liatrifl punctata Hook. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 



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192. 03^i>^OBP®>^>AA corytebosTun DC. Limpia cftfion (PreHidio county). 

193. Gutierresia Buthamise Torr. <& Gray, var. microcephala Gray. • Screw 
' Bean (Presidio county). 

194. Gutierrezia Texana Torr. & Gray. Screw Bean (Presidio county). Lignles 

unusually short and heads few-flowered. 

195. Grindelia intUoides Willd. Corpus Christi. 

196. Chryaopois villoaa Nutt., var. caneaoens Gray. Santa Anna (Coleman county), 

and Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

197. Chrysopais vlllosa Nutt., var. hiapida Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

198. Xanthiama Texannm DC. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

199. AplopappuB Nealleyi Coulter, n. «p., $ Jplopappus proper: From 3 to 6^^° 

high, somewhat branching above, glabrous or nearly so and somewhat 
glaucous, terminated by long (10 to I2.5«n) naked (or minutely bracteate) 
pednnHes which are enlarged beneath the large solitary heads : leaves narrowly 
linear or almost filiform, 2.5 to 5"" long, entire or pinnatifid with two or three 
linear lobes : head about 2.5<^™ broad ; the involucral bracts oblong, obtuse, 
glabrous, dark- veined, loosely imbricated in about three successively shorter 
rows: rays ten to fifteen, narrowly linear, 12 to 18™™ long : disk- flowers with 
rather deeply lobed corolla: akenes 10-striate, the striss rugulose and 
sparsely pubescent, about 3™™ long: pappus of numerous scabrous nifous 
bristles: style-tips with short ovate appendages. — Santa Maria (Cameron 
county). This species is apparently related to A. ienuilohns Gray, but the 
almost smooth akenes and very short style appendages, as well as the smooth 
oblong, obtuse and unequal involucral bracts, and leaf characters, serve well 
to distinguish it. 

200. Aplopappua niblginoaua Torr. Sl Gray. Pena (Duval county), and Clienate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

201. Aplopappua rublginosua Torr. &. Gray, var. phyllocepiialua Gray. Corpus 

Christi and Point Isabel. Collected at former station also by Palmer. 

202. Aplopappua spinulosua DC. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

203. Aplopappua Texanua Coulter, n, »p,, ^ Sienotus : Low and somewhat lignescent 

at base, glabrous and somewhat glaucous, bearing a fuw medium-sized 
heads: leaves narrowly linear or almost filiform, 24 to 3(5™™ long, often fasci- 
cled in the axils : head 6 to 9™™ high ; the involucral bracts oblong, obtuse 
or acutish, glabrous, yellowish tinged, loosely imbricated in about two nearly 
equal rows: rays few or none, exserted, ovate, not more than 3™™ long: disk- 
flowers with rather deeply lobed corolla: akenes lO-striate, (he stride sparsely 
pubescent, 3™™ long: pappus of numerous scabrous white bristles.— Chisos 
Mountains (Foley county). In foliage and akenes much resembling A, 
Nealleyif but in size of heads, and character of involucral scalas, rays, and 
pappus, very dift'erent. With the present grouping of species these difterences 
refer the two species to diflferent sections of the genus. 

204. BlgelQvia Wrightii Gray. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

205. Solidago Missourienaia Nutt. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

206. Aphanoatephua Arkanaanua Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

207. Aphanoatephua Arkanaanua Gray, var. Hallii Gray. Point Isabel. 

208. Aphanoatephua ramoaiaaimua DC. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

209. Aater exilia Ell. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

210. Aster oblongifoliua Nutt., var. rigidulus Gray. Limpia caf^on (Presidio 

county). 

211. Aater tanacetifoliua HBK. Screw Bean (Presidio county.) 

212. Erigeron repena Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

213. Erigeron ^trlgoaua Mubl. Pena (Duval county). A very peculiar form, that 

would deserve at least varietal rank in almost any other group. Its char- 
acters belong to both E. strigosus and E. aiinnufij species which vary and 



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iiiterj^rade iuicrmiuably. It in low and Hlender, a few inches to a foot high, 
with a cluHter of spatnlate more or less dentate or lobed leaves tapering into 
a long iT^tiole, and long filiform branches bearing small and narrowly linear 
outire leaves and long-pednnculate solitary heads. The involncre is abont 
as briHtly as in E. annuuSf and mnch of the pubescence is not appressed. 

214. Zlrigerou tenuis Torr. <& Gray. Point Isabel. 

215. ConjTza Coulter! Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). An unusually broad- 

loaved specimen. 

216. Baccharis angustifolia Michx. On the Pecos near Pecos City (Peoos eounty). 

217. Baccharis Bigelovii Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

218. Gnaphalium decurrens Ives. Limpia caiion (Presidio county). 

219. Gnaphalium palustre Nntt. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

220. Gnaphalium Sprengelii Hook. &, Arn. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

221. Melampodium cinereum DC. Roma (Starr county), and Limpia cafion 

(Presidio county). 

222. Berlandiera lyrata Henth. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

223. Parthenium incanum HBK. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

224. Hymenoclea monogyra Torr. &, Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

225. Xanthium spinosum L. Pcna (Duval county). Introduced. 

226. Zinnia acerosa Gray. Chenate Mountains and Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

227. Gymnolomia multiflora Benth. &. Hook. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

228. Gynmolomia tenuilblia Benth. & Hook. Santa Maria (Cameron county), 

Chenate Mountains, and Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

229. Lepachys columnaris Torr. & Gray, var. pulcherrima Torr. & Gray. Santa 

Maria (Cameron county). 

230. Viguiera longipes Coulter, n. ap. Herbaceous, or somewhat lignescent at base, 

hispid and scabrous, 45 to (KK"* high, simple or somewhat branching above, 
ending in a long naked (rarely 1 or 2 bracteate) peduncle (15 to 25^^ iQog) 
bearing a solitary head. (^ with sometii^es shorter lateral peduncles) : leaves all 
opposite, ovate-lanceolate to linear, three-ribbed from the base, from irregu- 
larly laciniate or toothed to almost entire, with margins mostly revolute, 
tapering at base into a more or less distinct petiole, 2.5 to 5<^"* long : involncre 
about 1*2™"* high; bracts ovate, acute or the outer ones acuminate, somewhat 
coriaceous at base, hispid, the inner ones with softly ciliate margins, in two or 
three series: disk corollas with very narrow tube about as long as the awns, 
much enlarged above into a campanulate five-toothed limb : chaffy bracts of 
the receptacle gradually acuminate, with a strong blackish midrib : akenes 
narrowly oblong, sparingly pilose or glabrate, longer than the often unequal 
scabrous awns which are chaffy at base ; the intermediate chaffy pale® laci- 
niate or erose. — Corpus Christi. Related in certain particulars to both V, cor- 
difolia and F. /adtita/a, but very different from both. 

231. Helianthus ciliaris DC. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

232. Helianthus debilis Nutt., var. cucumerifolius Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley 

county). 

233. Flourenaia cemua DC. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

234. Encelia calva Gray. Roma (Starr county). 

235. Verbeaina encelioides Benth. &, Hook. Corpus Christi. 

236. Verbeaina Virginica L. Santa Maria (Cameron county). A low depau])erate 

simple form, only a foot high, with winged stem, and leaves abruptly wing- 
petioled. 

237. Synedrella vialis Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

238. Heterospermum pinnatum Cav. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

239. Coreopsis coronata Hook. Brazos Santiago. 

240. Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 



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241. Thelesperma gracile Gray. Corpus Cbristi (Nueces county), Peiia (Dnval 

county 2f iSauta Anna (Coleman county), and Screw Beau (Presidio county). 
In the Santa Anna specimens the heads are nearly always radiate, with deep 
yellow rays about 6™"* loug, and the pappus can hardly be called *' subulate." 
In fact, descriptions have hardly done justice to the very conspicuous pappus, 
which is composed of two lanceolate, retrose, bristly scales nearly as long as 
the corolla-tube. 

242. Thelesperma longipes Qray. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

243. Cosmos parviflorus HBK. Limpia cafiou (Presidio county). Many of the 

akene beaks are four-awned. 

244. Bidens Bigelovii Gray. Limpia ca&on (Presidio county). 

245. Perityle Vaseyi Coulter, n. «p. Minutely glandular pubescent, simple or with 

short brauchlcts, from a slightly lignescent base, 2 to 3<*"< high, leafy : leaves 
large for the genns, 3.5 to 6.5*^'" loug, including the petiole (which is some- 
what shorter than the blade), with broad outline, palmately or pinnately 
divided into three long-stalked broadly cuneate divisions; the divisions three 
to five-parted ; the ultimate segments mostly cuneate and three-lobed : heads 
rather few and scattered, on long or short peduncles, 10 to 12""" high: in- 
volucral scales linear-oblong, acute or acuminate, with margins more or less 
ciiiate at tip: rays 4 ta6""" long, deep yellow, oblong, three- toothed at apex: 
disk-corollas fnnnelform, yellow, 5^'°™ long: style-tips setaceous-filiform and 
hirsute : akenes oblong, pubescent on the faces, hispid-villous on the mar- 
gins, 3.5™'" long, crowned with a pappus of bristle-like squamellu3 and a single 
more or less barbellate awn as long as the akene. — Chisos Mountains (Foley 
county). Nearest P. Parryi Gray, but decidedly distinct, and in the shape of 
the disk-corolla not even a member of the same section. 

246. Baileya multiradiata Uarv. «& Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

247. Rlddellia arachnoidea Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

248. Rlddellia tagetina Nutt. Screw^ Bean (Presidio county). 

249. Bahla absinthifblia Benth. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

250. BahlaabsinthifoliaBonth., var.dealbataGray. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

251. Bahia pedata Gray. Screw Bean (Presidio county.) 

252. Schkuhrla Wrightii Gray. Limpia ca&on (Presidio county). A species of 
* southern Arizona, whose range is thus extended across New Mexico into west- 
ern Texas. 

253. Hymenothrix Wrightii Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). Not 

reported before east of Arizona in the United States, but Pringle has col- 
lected it in Chihuahua. 

254. Florestiiia tripteris DC. Point Isabel. 

255. Sartuvellia FlaverlaB Gray. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

256. Flaveria chlorasfolia Gray. Screw Bean (Presidio county). Fine specimens 

of this imperfectly known species bring to light some additional characters. 
The plant becomes more than G*^*" high, with a thick st^m, and the lower 
leaves become 7.5<^'° long and 5*^"^ wide at the perfoliate base. The coarse 
glaucous stem, with its broad connate-perfoliate smooth and entire leaves, 
give the plant the look of an Asclepias. A more important fact is that all the 
Nealley material has pappus, composed of two to four thin paleie, which are all 
on one side, leaving the other side naked. In the Sympt, Flora (p. 354) it is 
said that ** a few flowers were once seen with a pappus of four thin paleie." 
As this character appears in all of our abundant material the genus charac- 
ter should be amended in that character. It is impossible to admit these 
specimens into Flaveria, as defined by Bentham <& Hooker or Gray, as *' no 
pappus" is one of its distinctive characters. 

257. Porophyllum macrophyllum DC. Limpia caflon (Presidio county). 

258. Porophyllum scoparium Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 



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259. Hymenatherum acerosum Gray. Screw Bean (Presidio coaoiy.) 

260. Hymenatherum Hart'wegi Gray. Screw Beau (Preaidio county). 

261. Hymenatherum pentachaetum Gray. San Diego (Duval county). 

262. Hymenatherum tenullobum DC. Pena (Dural county), and Rio Grande 

City (Starr county). 

263. Hymenatherum Wrightii Gray. Corpus Christi (Nueces county). 

264. Pectis filipes Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

265. Pectis papposa Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

266. Pectis teuella DC. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

267. Helenium amphibolum Gray. Devil's River (Val Verde county). 

268. Helenium microcephalum DC. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

269. Amblyolepis setigera DC. Ballinger (Runnells county). 

270. Gaillardia lanceolata Michx. Pena (Duval county). Dift'ers from the ordi- 

nary type in the fact that the leaves are all more or less toothed or even 
lobed, rather than ** entire or sparsely serrate." 

271. Qaillardia pinnatifida Torr. Ballinger (Runnels county), and Screw Bean, 

Chenate Mountains, and Limpia oafion (Presidio county). The Chenate 
specimens have almost all the leaves narrowly linear and entire. 

272. Gaillardia pulchella Foug. Point Isabel. 

273. Actinella linearifolia Torr. & Gray. Santa Anna (Coleman county), and 

Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

274. Actinella scaposa Nutt., var. linearis Nutt. Pena (Duval county), Chenate 

Mountains and Screw Bean (Presidio county). In the Pena specimens the 
rays are larger than nsnal, sometimes becoming 14 to 16'"'" long. 

275. Artemisia filifolia Torr. Screw Bean (Pre8i<Uo county). 

276. Artemisia Ludoviciana Nntt. Camp Charlotte (Ixiou county). With nar- 

row leaves and completely whito-tomentose. 

277. Artemisia Mezicana Willd. Limpia cation (Presidio county). 

278. Artemisia redolens Gray. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). This species is 

now to our borders, having been described from Pringle's collection of 1885 
(no. 2116) in the mountains of Chihuahua. 

279. Senecio Douglasii DC. Screw Bean and Limpia caf&on (Presidio county). 

280. Senecio lobatus Pers. BrsKos Santiago. 

281. Senecio multilobatus Torr. & Gray. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

282. Cnicus altissimus Willd., var. filipendulus Gray. Point Isabel. 

283. Perezia nana Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

284. TrijdLs angustifolia DC. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

285. Pyrrhopappus Carolinianus DC. Point Isabel. 

286. Pyrrhopappus multicaulis DC. Brazos Santiago. 

287. Iiygodesmia aphylla DC, var. Tezana Torr. &, Gray. Screw Bean (Pre- 

sidio county). 

288. Lobelia Berlandieri A. DC. Brazos Santiago. These specimens are undoubt- 

edly Birlandier 3177, which Dr. Gray suggests {Stfnopi, FL ii. 7) may be a 
depauperate form of Z. CHfforUana L. It also approaches L. subnuda in 
habit, the rosulate tuft of root*leaves being entirely unlike L. Cliffortiana, 
but the seeds are those of the latter species. If not entitle<l to specific rank 
it should probably become a variety or form of L, Feajfana Gray. 

289. Lobelia oardinalis L. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). The narrow 

leaves suggest L. splendent Willd., but the plants are completely pubescent. 
These two species are too near together. 

290. Lobelia fenestralis Cav. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

291. Campanula rotundifolia L. Chenate Monntains (Presidio connty). 

292. Samolus ebracteatus HBK. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

293. Menodora heterophylla Moricand. Dry hills, Roma (Starr Qonnty), an4 

Ballinger (Runnels county). 



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294. Menodora pubens Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion coanty), and Chenate 

Moiiutaios (Prtssidio Coanty). 

295. Menodora scabra Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county), and Chenate 

MonntainsCPrenidio county). ' 
295a. Amsonia longifolia Torr. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

296. Philibertia oynanchoidea Gray. Peua (Duval county). 

297. Asolepiaa arenaria Torr. Limpla oa&ou (Presidio county). A very glabrate 

form. ^ 

298. Asolepias longicomu Benth. Peua (Duval county). 

299. Ascleplas perennis Walt., var. parvnla Gray. Limpia caflon (Presidio 

county). 

300. Metastelma barbisemm Scheele. Corpus Christi (Nueces county), and Santa 

Maria (Camerou county). 

301. OonolobuB parviflonis Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

302. Oonolobus retioulatns Eugelm. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

303. Buddleia scordioides HBK. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). Specimens 

with the dense axillary flower clusters in contact with each other, giving 
the appearance of a long, thick spike from which the upper leaves project as 
bracts. 

304. Sabbatia calycosa Pursh. Brazos Santiago. 

305. EuBtoma Russellianum Griseb. Pena (Duval county), and Hidalgo (Hidalgo 

County). In the Hidalgo specimens the petals are unusually narrow. 

306. EnBtomasilenifbliumSalisb. (^.eaMtitotNfMGriseb). Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

307. Phloz Drummondii Hook. Peua (Duval county). 

308. Phlox nana Nutt. Chonate Mountains (Presidio county). 

309. Gilia Havardi Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

310. Gilia incisa Benth. Brazos Santiago. 

311. Ollia Macombii Torr., var. laziflora Coulter, n. var. Stems from a strong 

lignescent base : flowers very loosely cymose or scattered : corolla white 
(perhaps a little purplish-tinged), with tube 15 to 18°^ long, and 9vate 
mucronnlate lobes 4 or 5°^ long: stamens all included. — Camp Charlotte 
(Ixion county). The loose inflorescence, larger and white corolla with ovate 
lobes, and included stamens, distinguish this variety from the species, which 
has only been reported from the mountains of Arizona. 

312. Gilia rigidula Benth., var. acerosa Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

313. Phacelia congesta Hook. Limpia caflon (Presidio county). 

314. Phacelia patuliflora Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

315. Nama dichotomnm Choix. Corpus Christi (Nueces county), Roma (Starr 

county), and Devil's Kiver (Val Verde county). A species new to our 
boundary. The Corpus Christi and Roma specimens are typical ; while the 
Devil's River specimens have narrower leaves, approaching the var. angusti" 
folium Gray. 

316. Nama Jamalcense L. Brazos Santiago. 

317. Nama origanifolium HBK. Roma (Starr county), and Limpia caflon (Pre- 

sidio County). 

318. Nama ondulatum HBK. Brazos Santiago. 

319. Cordia Boissieri A. DC. Roma (Starr county). 

320. Coldenia Oreggii Gray. Chtsos Mountains (Foley county). '^ Equally in> 

serted stamens," is one of the published generic characters of Coldenia ; but 
these specimens of C Greggii have unequally inserted stamens, the whole 
flower structure conforming more closely to that of Draperia, a Hydrophyl- 
laceous genus, than to Coldenia, In fact, it is a pertinent question whether 
this species should not be transferred to Draperia, 

321. Coldenia hiapidissima Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 



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45 

322. HeliotrQpium auguatifolium Torr. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). Onr 
plants represent this species in every particular except that the corolla-lobes 
are not ** ovate and acute." The lobes are those of H, teneUum. Much of the 
''acuteuess'^ of the lobes of H, anguslifolUtm is apparently the result of dry- 

323; HeliotTopium confertifolium Torr. Roma (Starr county). 

324. HeliotTopium convolvulaceam Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

325. Qeliotropium CorasBavicum L. Pecos Flats, near Pecos City (Pecos county). 

326. Heliotropium inundatom Swartz. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

327. HeliotTopium tenellum Torr. Pena (Duval county). 

328. Krynitzkia floribunda Gray. Limpia cafiou (Presidio county). 

329. liithospermum Matamorense DC. Brazos Santiago. 

330. IpomcBa costellata Torr. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

331. IpomcBa Nealleyi Coulter, n. sp. Glabrous, with slender creeping or twining 

stems: leaves thin, triangular in outline, cordate at base with a broad sinus, 
angulately three-lobed (the lateral lobes resembling the basal lobes of a 
broadly hastate leaf, and often with an additional basal angle), 2 to 3^™ long 
and somewhat broader, angles all mucronulate, on slender petioles : pedun- 
cles slender, usually a little shorter than the petioles, one-llowered : sepals 
foliaceons, glabrous, loose, little if at all imbricate<l, linear- lanceolate, 
acuminate, conspicuous, nearly or quite as long as the tube of the corolla, 
12 to IG™" long, spreading in fruit: corolla broadly funnelforni, 15 to 20"™ 
long, with purplish blue lobes and whitish tube: globose capsule glabrous. — 
Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). Related to /. trifida Don. and its 
allies. 

332. IpomcBa sinuata Ortega. Pena (Duval county). Calyx shorter than uapal. 

333. IpomcBa Tezana Coulter, n. ap. Apparently arborescent, glabrous, or minutely 

puberulent, with coarse branches: leaves thickish, entire or nearly so, sagit- 
tate, acuminate,' the base with inconspicuous rounded lobes or truncate, 6 to 
12^»n l^ng, 3.5 to 5"" broad at base, on petioles 3.5 to 7.5<^ long : peduncles 
mostly shorter than the petioles, bearing simple or compound few to several- 
flowered cymes: sepals short (6 or 7">™ lonff); somewhat coriaceous, minutely 
pubescent, broad and rounded or two-lobed at apex: corolla pink-purple, 
pubescent, 5 to 7.5*^™ long. — Santa Maria (Cameron county.) A member of 
the arborescent group of Ipomoeas, represented by the Mexican /. murucoides 
R. & S., to which our plant is related. 

334. Convolvulus hermannioides Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

335. BvolvuluB alsinoidea L. Pena (Duval county) and Roma (Starr county). 

336. Bvolvulus sericeus Swartz. Pena (Duval county). Flowers 10 to 12'"" in 

diameter. 

337. Dichondra argentea Willd. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

338. CuBCuta Califomica Choisy, var. refleza Coulter, w. var. Flowers 4 to B"™"* 

long when the lanceolate subulate corolla-lobes are erect, but these soon 
sharply reilexed and as long as the tube: calyx-lobes acuminate, about 
equaling the corolla tube: scales somewhat prominent and lacerate: styles 
about as long as the ovary : corolla marcescent around the two to four-seeded 
capsule.— Roma (Starr county). Pringle 783 (collection of 1886), from Chi- 
huahua, seems also to be a form of this variable species. Our variety has 
some important points of difference from the species and any published varie- 
ties, but it seems to be fairly included in the same specific relationship. If 
this conclusion is right the range of this Californian and Arizonian x>olymor- 
phons si>ecie8 is extended through northern Mexico and into southern Texas. 

339. Solanum nigrum L. Brazos Santiago. A pubescent, rather small, and entire 

leaved form of this exceedingly polymorphous species. 

?4674--No. 2 3 



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340. Solanum txiquetmin Cav. Corpas Christi (Naeoes county), Brazos Santiago 

(Cameron county ), Ballinger (Runnels county), and Chenate Mountains 
(Presidio county). 

341. Solanum tuberosum L., var. boreale Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio 

county). ^ 

342. Nicotiana glauca Graham. Koma and Rio Grande City (Starr county). In- 

troduced. 

343. Nicotiana repanda Willd. Corpus Christi (Nueces county), Brazos Santiago 

(Cameron county), and Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

344. Nicotiana trigonophylla Duval. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

345. Petunia parviflora Juss. Corpus Christi. 

346. Leucophyllum minus Gray. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

347. Leucophyllum Texanum Benth. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

348. Stemodia lanata Ruiz «& Pavon. Brazos Santiago.* A second species of this 

tropical gen us which has reached our borders. Reported heretofore from south 
central Mexico (Tolucca) and Tampico, at the southern extremity of the 
northern Gulf State (Tamaulipas) of Mexico, it is now found in the c<>n- 
tiguons Gulf county of Texas. 

349. Herpestis chamaedryoides HBK., var. peduncularia Gray. Brazos San- 

tiago. 

350. Herpestis Monniera HBK. Corpus Christi. 

351. Seymeria virgata Benth. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). Apparently 

new to our llora, but collected by Pringle and Parry in northern Mexico. 

352. Caatilleia lanata Gray. Near Pecos City (Pecos county). 

353. Chilopsis saligna Dou. Camp Charlotte Ixiou county). 

354. Tecoma atana Juss. Limpia callon (Presidio county). 

355. Elytraria bromoides CErsted. Santa Maria (Cameron county). Confused 

with the next species, but very distinct. Collected also by Dr. Palmer (no. 
2029) in 1879-^80 iu northern Mexico. 

356. Elytraria tridentata Vahl. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

357. Calophaues linearia Gray. Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), and Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

358. Ruellia tuberosa L. Santa Maria (Cameron county), and Ballinger (Runnels 

county). 

359. Siphonogloaaa Pilosella Torr. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

360. Dianthera Americana L. Devil's River (Val Verde county). A curions form 

with sessile leaves which are broad at base, and not at all tapering. The 
same form was collected by the Mexican Boundary Survey (no. 724). 

361. Carlowrightia linearifolia Gray. Chisos Mouutaius (Foley county). Avery 

rare plant, not met with since its discovery by Mr. Wright, in 1849 (Gray 
in Proc. Am. Acad., xxi. 405). The leaves are longer and the bracts shorter 
than in the type. 

362. Lantana Camara L. Brazos Santiago. 

363. Lantana macropoda Torr. Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), Roma and 

Rio Grande City (Starr county) and Chenate Mountains (Presidio connty). 

364. Lippia geminata HBK. Brazos Santiago. 

365. Lippia lycioides Steud. Corpus Christi (Nueces county) and Hidalgo (Hi- 

dalgo county). 

366. Lippia nodiflora Michx. Pecos Flats, uear Pecos City. 

367. Lippia Wrightii Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio connty). 

368. Verbena Aubletia L. Brazos Santiago. 

369. Verbena ciliata Benth. Brazos Santiago. 

370. Verbena officinalis L. Brazos Santiago. 

371. Verbena Wrightii Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

372. Duranta Plumieri Jacq. Brazos Santiago. 

373. Mentha piperita L. Limpia oa&on (Presidio county). A hairy form. 



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47 

« 

374. Mioromeria Browne! Benth., var. pilosiuBCula Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

375. Hedeoma Dmmmondii Benth. Pena (Duval coanty) and Rio Grande City 

(Starr county). 

376. Hedeoma plicata Torr. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

377. Hedeoma thymoides Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county) and Ctiisos 

Mountains (Foley county). 

378. Poliomintha mollis Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

379. Salvia angustifolia Cav., var. glabra Gray. Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

380. Salvia azurea Lam. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

381. Salvia ballotaeflora Benth. Brazos Santiago. 

382. Salvia coccinea L. Brazos Santiago. 

383. Salvia lanoeolata Willd. Limpia cafion (Presidio coanty). In some speci- 

mens the leaves are nearly entire. 

384. Salvia spicata R. & S. Ballinger (Runnels coanty). 

385. Salvia Texana Torr. Pena (Duval county). 

386. Monarda punctata L., var. lasiodonta Gray. Pena (Duval coanty). 

, 387. Scutellaria Drummondii Benth. Brazos Santiago (Cameron county) and 
Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

389. Mamibium vulgare L. Point Isabel. 

390. Stachys agraria Cham. <& Schlecbt. Brazos Santiago. 

391. Stachys Drummondii Benth. Brazos Santiago. 

392. Tetraclea Coulterl Gray. Roma (Starr county). 

393. Teucrlum Cubense L. Brazos Santiago. 

394. Teucrium laciniatum Torr. Pena (Duval county). 

395. Plantago Patagonica Jaoq. Brazos Santiago. 

396. Plantago Virginica L. Brazos Santiago. 

397. Plantago Virginica L., var. longifolia Gray. Brazos Santiago. 

398. Mirabilia longiflora L. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

399. MirabiliB multiflora Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

400. OxybaphuB albidns Sweet. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

401. Oxybaphus angnstifolius Sweet. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

402. Oxybaphus nyctaginens Sweet. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county) and 

Devil's River (Val Verde county). 

403. Nyctaginia capitata Chois. Roma (Starr county). 

404. Allionia incamata L. Brazos Santiago (Cameron county) and Roma (Starr 

county). 

405. Boerhaavia anlflophylla Torr. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

406. Boerhaavia glbbosa Pavon. Bone Spring (Foley county). 

407. Boerhaavia tenulfolia Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

408. Boerhaavia viscoaa Lag. <& Rodr. Pena (Duval county) and Limpia cafion 

(Presidio county). Varies greatly in amount of pubescence. 

409. Boerhaavia Wrightil Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

410. Adeisanthes Berlandieri Gray. Roma (Starr county). 

411. Adeisanthes longiflora Gray. Roma (Starr county) and Ballinger (Runnels 

county). 

412. £tolinocarpus angnstifolius Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

413. Selinooarpns chenopodioides Gray. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

414. Selinooarpns difittsus Gray. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

415. Paronychia dichotoma Nntt. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

416. Celosia paniculata L. DeviPs River (Val Verde county). 

417. Amarantus fimbriatus Benth. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

418. Amarantus Pringlei Watson. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). This species 

was found by Mr. Pringle in 1886 growing abundantly on rocky hills of Chi- 
huahua, Mexico. Mr. Neailey now linds it extending northward within our 
borders on the rocky hills of the Limpia, 



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48 

ft 

419. Cladothrix lanug;ino8a Niitt. ** Poco8 Flats," ucar Pecos City. 

420. C^mphreua nitida Rothrock. Corpus Christi. With roso-tinted beads. 

421. FrcBlichia Floridana Moq. Peua (Duval county). 

422. FrcBlichia g;racilis Moq. Pona (Duval county). 

423. Iresine altemifolia Watson, var. Texana Coulter, n. rar. Leaves small^ 

ovate to lanceolate, 12 to 25™'" long, tapering to a short i>etiole. — Chenate 
Mountains (Presidio county). This seems clearly the same species as that 
described by Dr. Watson from the mountains about Gnaymas, Mexico, col- 
lected by Dr. Palmer. It seems hardly necessary to set up a new species on 
leaf characters, especially when the leaves of the species are very variable. 
Apparently the only alternate-leaved Iresine. 

424. Atriplez canesceuB James. Pecos Flats, near Pecos City. 

425. Salicomia ambigua Michx. Pecos Flats, near Pecos City. 

426. Suaeda BiiffrutesceuB Watson. Pecos Flats, near Pecos City. 

427. Rivina laevis L. Pen a (Duval county). 

428. Eriogouum Abertianum Torr. Camp Charlotte (Ixion county). 

429. Eriogonum annuum Nutt. Near Pecos City (Pecos county). 

430. Eriogonum Havardi Watson. Camp Charlotte (Ixion couuty). Abundant' 

specimens of a very rare and interesting species. 

431. Eriogouum Jamesii Benth. Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

432. Eriogouum lougifolium Nutt. Pena (Duval county). 

433. Eriogouum Nealleyi Coulter, n. «p., $ Ganysma : Perennial, the woody cau- 

dex branched and leafy : the loosely branching (Ephedra-like) stems, as 
well as the pedicels and flowers, glabrous and leafless: leaves all at or near 
the base, more or less broadly spatnlate, tapering into a long petiole, villous 
pubescent on both surfaces, 5 to 7.5*^™ long (including the petiole): invo- 
lucres few and long-pedunculate: flowers greenish, occasionally with a pink- 
ish tint : sepals lanceolate to ovate, acute or obtuse, the inner ones usually 
shorter and broader. — Near Pecos City (Pecos county). A species nearly 
related to E, ciliatum Torr. and E. atrorubens Engelm., both of northern 
Mexico. Itdiflers from E. ciliatum in its completely villous leaves and 
green flowers ; from E. airorubena in both these characters as well as the 
shape of the leaves ; and from both in that the leaves are not all radical. 

434. Eriogouum tenellum Torr. Peua (Duval county). 

435. Eriogouum teuellum Torr., var. caulescens Torr. & Gray. Peua (Duval 

couuty). 

436. Eriogonum Wrightii Torr. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

437. Rumex Berlaudieri Mcisn. Brazos Santiago. 

438. Euphorbia acuta Engelm. Pecos City (Pecos county). 

439. Euphorbia albomarginata Torr. & Gray. Rio Grande City (Starr couuty), 

and Limpia caQon (Presidio county). 

440. Euphorbia campeBtris Cham. & Schiecht. Limpia caflou (Presidio couuty). 

441. Euphorbia chamaesula Boiss. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

442. Euphorbia commutata Engelm. Brazos Santiago. 

443. Euphorbia Feudleri Torr. & Gray. Pena (Duval county). 

444. Euphorbia lata Engelm. Ballinger (Runnels county), and Camp Charlotte 

(Ixion couuty). 

445. Euphorbia marginata Pursli. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

446. Euphorbia moutana Engelm. Limpia cafion (Presidio couuty). 

447. Euphorbia polycarpa Benth. Rio Grande City (Starr county), and Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

448. EuphEurbia polycarpa 15onth., var. vestita Watson. Chenate Mountains (Pre- 

sidio county). 

449. Euphorbia Vaseyi Coulter, n. »/i., $ TricJia^osiigma : A shrub with straight 

branches, glabrou.s or the young branches puborulont : loaves minutely pnber* 
ulent or glabrate, fascicled upon much reduced wart-like villous brancblets 



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49 

(from which also arises a solitarj' long-pedicelled flower), narrowly ohovato, 
tApering to the sessile base, 15 to 30'"'" long, and 4 to 9""" wide : pedicels 
mostly somewhat shorter than the leaves, hairy, as are also the involucres: 
capsules (>""" loug, and 9 or 10™'" broad, with rounded lobes, smooth or some- 
what granulate : seeds round-ovate, very minutely reticulated, 4"'"' long. — 
Brazos Santiago. Near E, misera fienth., but apparently higher, branches 
not tortuous, with leaves not round, longer, and not petioled, and capsule 
much larger. 

450. Euphorbia vUlifera Scheole. Limpia caHon (Presitlio county). 

451. Euphorbia zygophylloides Boiss. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

452. Phyllanthus polygonoides Spreng. Near Pecos City (Pecos county), and 

Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

453. Croton balsamiferus Willd. Brazos Santiago. Apparently a form of this 

species, but with smaller leaves and larger flowers than the Florida speci- 
mens. 

454. Croton Cortesianus HBK. (C. triohocarpus Torr.) Santa Maria (Cameron 

county). 

455. Croton corymbulosuB Kngelm. Santa Anna (Coleman county), and Pena 

(Duval county). 

456. Croton fruticuloBUS Torr. Pena (Duval county), and Chenat43 Mount>ains 

(Presidio county). 

457. Croton Lindheimerianus Scheele. Rio Grande City (Starr county), and 

Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

458. Croton maritimuB Walt. Brazos Santiago. 

459. Croton Neo-Mexicanus Muell. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

460. Croton suaveolens Torr. Limpia canon (Presidio county). The leaves 

somewhat larger than in the type. 

461. Croton Texensis Muell. Corpus Christi (Nueces county), and Pona (Duval 

county). 

462. Croton TorreyanuB Muell. (C. suaveolens Torr., var. ohlongifoUua Torr.) 

Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

463. Croton virena Muell. (C muricatus Nutt.) Chenate Mount*'iin8 (Presidio 

county). Dr. Engelmann considered this but a form of C. Texensis Muell. 
(Bot. Wheeler's Report, p. 243.) 

464. Argythamnia humilia Muell. Rio Grande City (Starr county), Ballinger 

(Runnels county), and Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

465. Argythamnia laeviB Muell. Near Pecos City (Pecos county). 

466. Bemardia myricaefolia Watson. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

467. Acal3rpha hederacea Torr. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

468. Acal3rpha Lindheimeri Muell. Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

469. Acalypha radians Torr. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

470. Tragia urticaefolia Michx. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

471. Stillingla anguBtifolia Engelm. {S. sylvatica L., var. linearifolia.) Pena (Du- 

val county), Santa Anna (Coleman county), and Pecos City (Pecos county). 

472. Stillingia Torreyana Watson. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

473. TJrtica chamaDdryoideB Pursh. Brazos Santiago. 

474. QuercuB hypoleuca Engelm. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). Leaves nar- 

row, and some of them spinulose-dentate. 

475. Cooperia Drummondii Herb. Corpus CUristi. 

476. ZephyrantheB Texana Herb. Corpus Christi. 

477. Agave maculoBa Hooker. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

478. Agave variegata Jacobi. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

479. HeBperantheB Torrejri Watson. Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

480. Allium Palmeri Watson. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

481. Heteranthera graminea Vahl. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 



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482. Heteranthera limosa Vahl. Limpia caQon (Presidio county). 

483. Heteranthera Mezicana Watson. Devil's River (Val Verde county). This 

species was discovered by Dr. Palmer (no. 1324) in l879-'80, in Coahnila, 
Mexico. The present collection extends its known range into southwestern 
Texas. 

484. Commelyna Virginica L. Brazos Santiago. 

485. Tinantia anomala Clarke. Pena (Duval county). 

486. Tradeacantia leiai\dra Ton*. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). Excellent 

specimens of this rare Texauo-Mexican species. 

487. Tradeacantia leiandra Toit., var. (T) ovata Coulter, n. var. Like T. leiandra^ 

except that the leaves are short and rather broadly ovate (4 to 5^*" long, and 
2 to 2.75*^"* broad.—- Chenate Mountains (Presidio County). Insufficient 
flowering material compels the reference of this form as a variety of T. 
leiandra. 

The following species of Juncu9 were determined by Mr. F. V. Coville, and repre- 
sent collections made by Mr. Nealley in 1888 and 1889. It is to be regretted that no 
more specific locality than " Western Texas " can be given for the collection of 1888, 
and hence that general locality is intended when that year is given : 

488. JuncuB acuminatus Michx. 1888. 

489. JuncuB acuminatUB Michx. , var. legittmas Engelm. 1888. 

490. JuncuB acuminatus Michx., var. robuatuB Engelm. 1888. 

491. Juncua brachycarpua Engelm. 1888. 

492. Juncua dlchotomua Ell. 1888. 

493. Juncua effuaua L. 1888. 

494. Juncua ElliottU Chapman. 1888. 

495. Juncua marginatua Rostk. 1888. 

496. Juncua maiglnatua Rostk.. var. biflorua Engelm. 1888. 

497. Juncua nodoaua L., var. megacephalua Torr. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

1889. 

498. Juncua repena Michx. 1888. 

499. Juncua acirpoidea Lara., var. macroatemon Engelm. 1888. 

500. Juncua acirpoidea Lam., var polycephalua Engelm., forma major and forma 

minor. 1888. 

501. Juncua aetaceua Rostk. 1888. 

502. Juncua tenuia Willd. 1888. 

503. Juncua ziphioidea Meyer, var. montanua Engelm. Chenate Mountains (Pre- 

sidio county). 1889. 

504. Sagittaria variabilia Engelm. Brazos Santiago. 

505. Echinodorua radicana Engelm. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

506. Ruppia maritima L. Brazos Santiago. 

The following species of Cyperacew have been determined by Mr. F. V. Coville and 
include Mr. Neal ley's collection of 1888 and 1889. The year of collection is indicated 
with each species. 

507. Csrperua acuminatua Torr. «fe Hook. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888; Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), 1889. 

508. Cjrperua ariatatua Rottb. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county), 1889. 

509. Cjrperua articulatua L. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888. 

510. CyperusBuckleyi Britton. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county), 1889. 

511. Cyperua compreaaua L. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888. 

512. Cyperua cyrtolepia Torr. & Hook. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888. 



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513. CyperuB diandnis Torr., var. capitatus Britton. In tbe vicinity of 8abine 

Pass (Jefferson county), 1888 ; Chenate Mountains (Presidio county), 1889. 

514. Cyperua diaaitiflorua Torr. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888 ; Cbenate Mountains (Presidio county), and Cbisos Mountains (Foley 
county), 1889. 

515. Cypema echinatua Britton. In tbe vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888. 

516. Cyperua erythrorhizoa Mubl. In tbe vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888 

517. Cyperua eaculentua L. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefforson county), 

1888. 

518. C3rperuB eaculentua L., var. angfuatiapicatua Britton. In tbe vicinity of 

Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 1888. 

519. Cyperua eaculentua L., var. macroatachyua Boeck. In the vicinity of Sabine 

Pass (Jefferson county), 18«8. 

520. Cyperua Fendlerianua Boeck. 1889, with no station. 

521. Cyperua feraz Richard. 1889, with no station. 

522. Cypeiua glganteua Vahl. Brazos Santiago, 1889. 

523. Cyperua Haapan L. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson couuty), 1888. 

524. Cyperua Luzulas Rottb., var. umbellatua Britt-on. In tbe vicinity of Sabine 

Pass (Jefferson county), 1888. 
524a. Cyperua, n. sp, f Intermediate between C, apeciosua and C. oxycarioideSj dis- 
tinct in appearance from both, but with few technical characterH to distin- 
guish it from tbe former. Rio Grande City (Starr connty), 1889. 

525. Cyperua ovularia Torr. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888. 

526. Cyperua oxyoarloidea Britton. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

connty), 1888 ; Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), 1889. 

527. Cyperua polyBtach3ruB Rottb., var. leptcatacbyua Boeck. In the vicinity of 

Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 1888. 

528. Cyperua reflezua Vahl. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888. 

529. Cyperua refractua Engeim. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888 ; Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), 1889. 

530. Cyperua rotundua L. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jofferson county), 1888; 

Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), 1889. 

531. C3rperuB Ruabjri Britton. Cbenate Mountains (Presidio county), 1889. 

532. Cyperua Schweinitzii Torr. 1889, with no statiou. * 

533. Cyperua apecioaua Vahl. Pena (Duval county), 1889. 

534. Cyperua atrigoaua L., var. compoaitua Britton. In the vicinity of Sabine 

Pass (Jefferson county), 1888. 

535. Cyperua atrigoaua L., var. gracilia Britton. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass 

(Jefferson county), 1888. 

536. Cyperua SurinamenalB Rottb. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888. 

537. Cyperua Torrejrl Britton. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county) 

1888 ; Brazos Santiago (Cameron county), 1889. 

538. C3rperu8 unifloruB Torr. <& Hook. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888; Brazos Santiago (Cameron connty), Rio Grande City (Starr 
county), and Chisos Mountain (Foley county), 1889. 

539. Cyperua uniflorua Torr. «fe Hook., var. pumilua Britton. 1889, with no 

station. 

540. Kyllingia brevifolia Rottb. In the vicinity of Sabine Pnss (Jefferson connty), 

1888. 



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52 

541. Kyllingia casspitosa Nees. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson connty), 

188d. 

542. Eleocharis aciculaiis K. & S. Brazos Santiago, 1889. 

543. Eleocharis oapitata R. fir. Pena (Duval County), 1889. 

544. Eleocharis montana R. & S. Point Isabel and Brazos Santiago. 

545. Eleocharis palustris R. <& S. Point Isabel, 1889. 

546. Dichromena oephalotes Britton. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson ^ 

county), 1888. 

547. Dichromena latifolia Baldwin. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888. 

548. Fimbristylis aatmnnalis R. <& S. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 1888. 

549. Fimbristylis capillaris Gr. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county), 1889. 

550. Fimbristylis castanea Vahl. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson 

county), 18S8. 

551. Fimbristylis laza Vahl. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson county), 

1888. 

552. Fimbristylis spadicea Yahl. (the type?) In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jef- 

ferson county), 1888. 

553. Scirpus carinatus Gray. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass (Jefferson corunty), 

1888. 

554. Scirpus pungens Vahl. Pena (Duval county), 1889. 

555. Fuirena squarrosa Mx., var. breviseta Coville. In the vicinity of Sabine. 

Pass (Jefferson county), 1H8H. 

556. Fuirena squarrosa Mx., var. hispida Chapni. In the vicinity of Sabine Pass 

(Jefferson county), 1888. 

557. Hemicarpha micrantha Britton. (H. subaquarrosa 'Sooa.) Chonato Mountains 

(Presidio county), 1889. 

558. Rhynchospora caduca £11. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. ^ 

559. Rhynchospora cornicnlata Gr. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

560. Rhynchospora cymosa Nutt. Form. Near Sabine Pass, 188P. 

561. Rhynchospora EUiottii Dietr. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

562. Rhynchospora glomerata Vahl., var. paniculata Chapm. Near Sabine Pass, 

I8i8, 

563. Rhynchospora inexpansa Vahl. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

564. Rhynchospora patula Gr. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

565. Rhynchospora plumosa £11. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

566. Rhynchospora plumosa £11., var. intermedia Chapm. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

567. Rhynchospora pusilla Chapm. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

568. Rhynchospora rariflora £11. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

569. Scleria oUgantha £11. Near Sabine Pass, 1888. 

The following grasses have been determined by Dr. George Vasey, and include the 
collections made in'southorn and southwestern Texas by Mr. Nealley during the throe 
seasons of 1887, 1888, and 1889. For the plants of the first two seasons no specific 
locality can be given, so that when no station is mentioned the general range of 
" southern and southwestern Texas" is intended, and the date of collection is either 
1887 or 1888. The collection of 1889 may be recognized by having the stations 
specified, at least within a county. Special attention was given to the collection of 
grasses, so that the following list is a very complete one : 

570. Tripsacum dactyloides L. 

571. Tripsacum monostachyum Willd. Bnllinger (Rnunels county). 

572. Imperata Hookeri Rupt. 

573. Erianthus brevibarbls Michx. 

574. Erianthus saccharoides Michx. 



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53 

575. Ezianthus striotna Baldwin. 

576. RottbcsUia cylindrica Cliapman. 

577. Hemarthria fasciculata Kanth. Limpia canon (Presidio county). 

578. Maniauris graDularis Swartz. Introdaced. 

579. Trachypogon p6l3rmorphu8 Hack. 

580. Elionuma barbioulmiB Hack. (J^. candidus Torr.) Cbonate Moan tains (Pre- 

sidio conuty). 

581. EUonnrna tripaaooides HBK. {E. NuttalUi Vasoy.) 

582. ElioDuroa tripaacoidea HBK., var. oiliaria Hack. {E. ciliaris HBK.) 

583. AndropogOD argyraBua Scliult. 

584. Audropogon cirrhatua Hack. Limpia cailon (Presidio county). 

585. Audropogon EUlottii Chapni. 

586. Andropogou Hallii Hack. Pena (Duval county) and Santa Anna (Coleman 

county). 

587. Andropogon hirtiflonia Kunth. Clienate Mountains (Presidio county). 

588. Andropogon maorouma Michx. 

589. Andropogon provinoialia Lam. (A.furcatu9 Mnbl.). 

590. Andropogon aacoharoidea Swartz,* var. aubmuticua Vasey. Corpus Cbristi 

(Nueces county). 

591. Airdropogon aaocharoidea Swartz, var. Torreyanna Hack. Clionate Moun- 

tains (Presidio county). 

592. Andropogon acopariua Michx. 

593. Andropogon tener Knntb. . Point IsabeL 

594. Andropogon Virglnicua Linn. 

595. Andropogon Wrightil Hack. 

596. Sorghum Halapenae Pers. Introduced. 

597. Chryaopogon avenaceum Bentti. 

598. Chryaopogon nutana Benth. 

599. HeteropogOB contortna R. <& 8. Cbenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

600. Hilaria cenchroidea HBK., var. Texana Vasey, it. var. Differs from the 

type in its taller and more slender culm, longer leaves, longer more slender 
spike, with 7 to 9 narrower more distant spikelets.— Pena (Duval county). 
Possibly a distinct species. 

601. Hilaria Jameaii Bentb. 

602. Hilaria mutica Benth. Pena (Duval county). 

603. Tragua racemoaua Hall. Introduced. 

604. Paapalum Buckleyanum Vasey. Corpus Christi (Nueces county). 

605. Paapalum oiliatifoliamMubl. 

606. Paapalum diatichum L. Corpus Christi (Nueces county). 

607. Paapalum Drummondii Vasey. 

608. I'aapalum Floridanum Michx. 

609. Paapalum Floridanum Michx., var. glabratum Engelm. 

610. Paapalum fluitana Knntb. 

611. Paapalum furcatumFlugge (P. /)>^itoria Chapman). 

612. Paapalum laeve Michx. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

613. Faapaltma Iseve Michx., var. anguatifolium Vasey {P. angnsHfolium Le 

Conte). 

614. Faapaltma lentiferum Lam. (P. proecox Walt.). 
614a. Paapalum lividtma Trin. Point Isabel. 

615. Paapaltma monoataohyimi Vasey. 

616. Paapalum platycaule Poir. 

617. Paapalum plioatulum Michx. 

618. Paapalum pubiflorum Rupt. (P. HalUi V. dt^ S.). 

619. Paapalum pubiflorum Knpt., var. glaucum Scribner. 

620. Paapalum aetaceum Michx. Pena (Duval county). 



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54 

621. Paspalnm vaglnattim Swartz. Near the coast. 

622. Paapalum virgatnm L., var. pubiflonim Yasey. 

623. Paapalum Walterianum Scbult. 

624. Eriochloapolyatachya HBK. Brazos Santiago (Cameron connty) and Che- 

uate Mountains (Presidio connty). 

625. Eriochloa punctata Hamil. 

626. Eriochloa aericea Munro. Balliupier (Rnnnels connty). 

627. Panioum agroatoldea Mnhl. 

628. Panioum ancepa Michx. 

629. Panioum angfuatifoliimi £11. 

630. Panicum autumnale Bosc. 

631. Panicum barbinode Trin. Probably introduced. 

632. Panicum bnlboaum HBK. Ballinger (Runnels connty) and Chenate Mount- 

ains (Presidio county). 

633. Panicum oapillare L. 

634. Panicum capillarioidea Yasey, n. «p. With the general habit of P, capilUu^ 

30 to 45*^"" high : panicle not as full, with fewer less divided and more rigid 
branches : spikelets twice as large, 5"**" long : first glume one-third as large 
as the second, three to five nerved : second and third glumes equal, as long as 
the spikelet, about fifteen-nerved, lance-oblong, smooth : palet of the sterile 
flower small (1 to 1.5™™ long) : perfect flower less than 2'""' long, smooth 
and shining. — Point Isabel. 

635. Panioum ciliatiaalmum Buckl. Hidalgo (Hidalgo connty). 

636. Panicum colonum L. 

637. Panicum commutatum Schnltz. (P. nervorum Ell). 

638. Panicum conaanguineimi Kunth. 

639. Panicum Crua-galli L. 

640. Panicimi depauperatum Muhl. 

641. Panicum dlchotomum L. 

642. Panicum diffusum Swartz. Point Isabel. An addition to our flora. 

643. PaniCTim fasciculatum Swartz. 

644. Panicum filiforme L. 

645. Panlcimi gynmocarpum Ell. 

646. Panicum HalUi Y. <& S. Point Isabel. 

647. Panicum Havardii Yasey. 

648. Panicum hiana Ell. 

649. Panicum lachnanthimi Torr. Point Isabel and Corpus Cbristi. 

650. Panicum latifoliimi L. 

651. Panicum laziflorum Lam. 

652. Panicum microcarpon Muhl. 

653. Panicum neuranthum Griseb. 

654. Panicum nitidum Lam. 

655. Panicimi obtusimi HBK. 

656. Panicum paspaloidea Pers. 

657. Panicimi pedicellatum Yasey. 

658. Panicum platyphyllum Munro. 

659. Panicum proliferum Lam. 

660. Panicum prostratum Lam. 

661. Panicum retdculatum Torr. 

662. Panicum Reverchoni Yasey. 

663. Panicum aanguinale L. 

664. Panicum acabriuacnlum Ell. ? 

665. Panicum acoparium Lam. 

666. Panicum aparsiflorum Yasey (P. angustifoUum Chapman, not Ell.) 

667. Panicum aphasrocarpon Ell. 



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55 

668. Pilnicam stenodes Griseb. 

669. Panioum subspicatum Yasey. Hidalgo (Hidalgo coanty). 

670. PanictunTexanam Baokley. 

671. Panicum yirgatum L. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

672. Panicum viaoidam Ell. 

673. OpliameuuB setarius R. & S. 

674. Setaria caudata R. Sl S. Peua (Duyal county). 

675. Setaria caudata R. dr. S., var. pauciaeta Vasey. Pena (Duval county) 

676. Setaria glauca P. Br., var. flava Yasey. 

677. Setaria glauca P. Br., var. laBvigata Chapm. 

678. Setaria imberbis R. <& S. 

679. Setaria setosa Beauv. 

680. Cenolirua echinatus L. 

681. Cenchm/i myosuroideB HBK. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

682. CenchruB tribuloidea L. 

683. Stenotaphnun Amerlcanum Schkr. 

684. Zisanla aquatica L. 

685. Zizania miliacea Michx. {Zizaniopsia Doell.)* 

686. laeeraia hexaiidra Swartz. 

687. Leeraia monandra Swartz. 

688. Leersia oryzoidea Swartz. 

689. Leersia Virginica Willd. 

690. Phalaris intermedia Bosc. 

691. Phalaris intermedia Bosc., var. anguata Chapm. 

692. Aristida Arizonica Yasey. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

693. Ariatida desmantha Tr. &. Rupt. 

694. Ariatida dichotoma L. 

695. Ariatida disperaa Trin. Chenate Monu tains (Presidio county). 

696. Ariatida graciUa £11. 

697. Aristida HavardU Yasey. 

698. Ariatida Htmaboldtiana Trin. 

699. Ariatida oligantha Michx. 

700. Ariatida paluatria Yasey. 

701. Ariatida purpuraacena Poir., var. minor Yasey. 

702. Aristida purpurea Nutt. Point Isabel. 

703. Ariatida purpurea Nutt., var. Berlandieri Trin. 

704. Ariatida purpurea Nutt., var. Hookeri Trin. 

705. Ariatida purpurea Nntt., var. miorantha Yasey. Pena (Duval county). 

706. Ariatida Reverchoni Yasey. 

707. Ariatida Schiediana Trin. Limpia cafion (Presidio county). 

708. Ariatida Schiediana Trin., var. minor Yasey. Limpia caHon (Presidio 

county). 

709. Ariatida atricta, var. Nealle3ri Yasey, n. var. Culms cespitose, slender, erect, 

wiry, nnbranched, 45*'"' high : leaves erect, setaceous, 5 to 15*^°^ long, pun- 
gently pointed : panicle spike-like, very narrow, 10 to 15"" loug, two or three 
spikelets at each joint, one sessile, one or two 8hort-i»edicellcd, appressed : 
spikelets about 8™"^ long: lower empty glumes rather shorter than ui>per: 
upper one nearly equal to the flowering glume or to the furcation: dowering 
glume about 8™"» long beside the awns, scabrous, the short stipe pubescent : 
awns nearly equal, 10 to 12"»"» long. — Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 
Shorter and less rigid than the type. 

710. Stipa flezuoaa Yasey. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

711. Stipa pennata, var. Neo-Mezicana Thurber. 

712. Stipa aetigera Presl. Point Isabel. ^ 

713. Stipa tenuiaaima Trin. 



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56 

714. Stipa viridola Trin., var. robusta Vasey, w. var. Culms deuKely tufted, 12 

to lo*^ liigb, stont, leafy : lower sheaths loose and broad, longer than the 
intemodes; bbides lldt and wide or involute above, often C*'™ long, scabroas: 
panicle dense and large, erect, 25 to 4(K™ long : empty glumes 10™™ long, 
three to five nerved, callus short, densely hairy. — Chenato Mountains (Presidio 
county). Ranges from Colorado to Mexico. 

715. Oryzopsis fimbriata Vasey. 

716. Oryzopsis membranacea Pnrsh (O. cuspidaia Beuth.). 

717. Oryzopsis miorantha Thnrberf 

718. Muhlenbergla arenicola Buckley. 

719. Muhlenbergia Berlandieri Trin. 

720. Muhlenbergia Buckleyana Scribner, n. sp. This is M. Texava Buckley (Proc. 

Pbila. Acad., 1862), a name antedated by if. Texana Thurber. Pona (Duval 
county). 

721. Muhlenbergia capiUaris Kunth. 

722. Muhlenbergia diffusa Schreb. 

723. Muhlenbergia distichophylla Kunth. 

724. Muhlenbergia gracilis Trin. 

725. Muhlenbergia gracillinia Torr. 

726. Muhlenbergia Lemmoni Bcribner, n. ej). Culms much branched 1)elow, slender, 

erect or decumbent, 30 to 45*"™ high : leaves 2.5 to 7.5*^™ long, 2™"' wide, acu- 
minate : panicle spike-like, 5 to 12.5'^'" loug» intemipted below, tho upper 
branches sessile, tho lower pedicelled and subdivided, sometimes 2.^ to 5«^ 
long, erect : spikclets about 3""" long without the awns : empty glumes ovate- 
lanceolate, awn-pointed, nearly equal and but little shorter than the flower- 
ing glume, which is hairy below and with an awn half or as long as itself. — 
Ballinger (Runnels County) : also in New Mexico, Arizona, and Mexico. A 
member of a very variable group, resembling M, sylvatica, 

727. Muhlenbergia monticola Buckley. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

728. Muhlenbergia setifolia Vasey. 

729. Muhlenbergia Tezana Thurber. 

730. Muhlenbergia tricholepis Torr. 

731. Muhlenbergia trichopodes Chapman. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

732. Muhlenbergia virescens Trin. 

733. Muhlenbergia Wrightii Vasey. 

734. Lycurus phleoides HBK. 

735. Alopecurus aristulatus Michx. 

736. Sporobolus airoides Torr. 

737. Sporobolus argutus Kunth, var. Arkansanus Vasoy. Point Isal>el. 

738. Sporobolus asper Kunth. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

739. Sporobolus asper Kunth, var. Hookeri Vasey. Santa Anna (Coleman 

county). 

740. Sporobolus asperifolius Thurber. Peua (Duval county). 

741. Sporobolus asperifolius Thurb., var. brevifolius Vasey. Peua (Duval 

county). 

742. Sporobolus Buckleyi Vasoy. Point Isabel. 

743. Sporobolus confusus Vasey (S. ramulosus of authors). Limpia cafion (Pre- 

sidio county). 

744. Sporobolus cryptandrus Gray. Pena (Duval county) and Screw Bean 

(Presidio county). • 

745. Sporobolus cryptandrus Gray, var. flezuosus Thurber. 

746. Sporobolus cryptandrus Gray, var. robustus Vasey, n. var. Culms erect, 

6 to 9^"^ high, stout, simple or with a few erect branches: le^ivos erect, 
rigid, scabrous on 1#ie margins, 15 to SO*"'" long, 6'"'" wide, attenuate ; sheaths 
smooth, except the ciliate margins and hairy ligule; upper sheath long and 



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57 

inclosing the base of the panicle, which is often 3<*'" long, strict, don«e, 
pyramidal, the lower sessile branches gradually longer, the lowest 5^°^ long. — 
The flowers do not differ from the typo. A remarkably robust variety. 

747. Sporoboius crjrptandrua Gray, var. strictus Scribner. 

748. Sporoboius depauperatus Scribner. 

749. Sporoboius Indicus B. Br. Santa Maria (Cameron county). 

750. Sporoboius junceus Knnth. 

751. Sporoboius minor Vasey. 

752. Sporoboius Nealleyi Vasey, «. sp. Culm 12.5 to 20*="' high, from strong-root- 

ing rhizomes: leaves 2.5 to 3.5*^ long, divaricate, rigid, involute; lignle 
villous : panicle 2.5 to 3.5*=™ long, branches few (7 to 10), alternate, short, 
erect-spreading: spikelets 1.5"^"* long: upper empty glume equaling the 
flowering glume; lower one-half as long.— Brazos Santiago. 

753. Sporoboius purpurascens Hamil. 

754. Sporoboius repens Presl. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

755. Sporoboius Texanus Vasey, ». «p. Culms about S**"* high, rather rigid below, 

the upper half occupied by the capillary-branched panicle: leaves linear- 
lanceolate, 2.5 to 7.5*=i>i long, rigid, acuminate, light green, scabrous above ; 
the sheaths clothed with loose white hairs : panicle half the length of the 
plant, sheathed at the base, difl'usely branched, resembling S. aaperifoliuSf 
but with upper empty glume quite as long as the flowering one, the lower 
about half as long, both acut^e. — Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

756. Sporoboius tricholepis Torr. Chenate Mountains and Limpia caflon (Presidio 

county). 

757. Sporoboius Virginlcus Kunth. 

758. Sporoboius Wrightii Vasey. 

759. Epicampes macroura Benth. 

760. Epicampes rigens Benth. 

761. Polypogon Monspeliensis Desf. 

762. Thurberia Arkansana Benth. Point Isabel. 

763. Agrostis arachnoides £11. 

764. Agrostis ezarata Triu. 

765. Agrostis scabra Willd. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

766. Agrostis verticillata Vill. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

767. Trisetum Hallii Scribner, n. sp. Very near T. interruptumj but with a denser 

panicle, the empty glumes broader and obtusish, and the flowing glumes 
with shorter teeth. 
76^. Trisetum interruptum Buckley. 

769. Danthonia spicata P. Br. 

770. Cynodon Dactylon Pers. Introduced. 

771. Spartina cynosuroides Willd. 

772. Spartina gracilis Trin. 

773. Spartina juncea Willd. 

774. Spartina stricta Roth. 

775. Chloris alba Presl. (C. elegans HBK.). 

776. Chloris ciliata Swartz. Point Isabel. 

777. Chloris cucullata Bisch. Point Isabel. 

778. Chloris Swartziana Doell. 

779. Chloris verticillata Nutt. Point Isabel. 
T80. Tiichloris pluriflora Fourn. Point Isabel. 

781. Trichloris verticillata Fourn. 

782. Gymnopogon racemosus P. Br. 

783. Schedonnardus Texanus Steudel. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

784. Bouteloua aristidoides Thnrbor. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 



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58 

785. Bouteloua breviseta Vaeey, n. 8p, Culms ascending from a decumbent root- 

ing rhizome, almost woody below, 15 to 3(K™ bigh, leafy below : leaves rigid, 
involute, spreading, pungent, 2.5 t-o 5*="* long, smooth or sparsely ciliate- 
fringed ; ligule ciliate : spikes one to three, distant when more than one, 
2.5 to 3.5<=™ long, closely flowered, very narrow : spikelets 4"™ long or less, 
including the awns : empty glumes unequal, 2 to 2.5°*™ long> the upper one 
pungently pointed : flowering glume about 3°^ long, including the awns, 
oblong, tbree-nerved, three-lobed near the apex, and with three short awns, 
more or less pubescent on th« back : palet nearly as long, narrower, two- 
nerved: imperfect flower of three short awns on a short pedioei wlueh ia 
hairy tufted at top. — Screw Bean (Presidio county). Apparently growing 
in sand. 

786. Bouteloua bromoides Vasey (i?. Humboldtiana Kunth). Rio Grande City 

(Starr county). 

787. Bouteloua Burkei Scribner. Ballinger (Runnels county). 

788. Bouteloua eriopoda Torr. Devil's River (Val Verde county). 

789. Bouteloua Havardii Vasey. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

790. Bouteloua hirauta Lag. 

791. Bouteloua birsuta Lag., var. inajor Vasey. 

792. Bouteloua hirauta Lag., var. minor Vasey. Pena (Duval county). 

793. Bouteloua oligoatachya Torr. Screw Bean (Presidio county). 

794. Bouteloua oligostachya Torr., var. major Vasey. 

795. Bouteloua polystachya Torr. Pena (Duval county). 

796. Bouteloua racemosa Lag. Ballinger (Ruunels county). 

797. Bouteloua ramosa Scribner. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

798. Bouteloua stricta Vasey. 

799. Bouteloua Tezana Watson. Point Isabel. 

800. Bouteloua trifida Thurbor. Pena (Duval county). 

801. Eleusiue ^Sgyptiaca Pers. Introduced. 

802. Eleusine Indica Giertn. Introduced. 

803. Leptochloa Domingenais Link. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

804. Iieptochloa mucronata Kunth. 

805. Leptochloa Nealleyi Vasey. 

806. Buchloe daotyloides Engelm. 

807. Pappophonmi apertum Munro. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

808. Pappopborum laguroideum Schrad. Rio Grande City (Starr county). 

809. Pappophonun Wrightii Watson. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

810. Cottea pappophoroides Kunth. 

811. Catbestechimi erectum Vasey &. Hackel. 

812. Scleropogon Karwinakianus Benth. Pena (Duval county). 

813. Monanthocbloe littoralia Engelm. 

814. Munroa squarrosa Torr. 

815. Arundo Donaz L. Probably introduced, but wild on the Rio Grande. 

816. Phragmites communia Trin. 

817. Triodia acuminata Vasey. Santa Anna (Coleman county) and Chenate 

Mountains (Presidio county). 

818. Triodia albescens Vasey. 

819. Triodia ambigua Vasey. Point Isabel. 

820. Triodia avenacea HBK. ? 

821. Triodia cuprea Jacq. Point Isabel. 

822. Triodia eragrostoides Vasey «fc Scribner, n. «p. Culms 6 to 9«*™ high, leafy: 

sheaths longer than tho internodes, roughish ; ligule short, ciliate-toothed : 
blade flat, 2 to 3<^ long, scabrous, acuminate : panicle large and spreading, 
3dm long, tho branches slender, rather distant, single or in twos, the low^ 
on^ 12.5 to 15^ long, la](-flowered : spikelets sbort-pedioeled, alternate, and 



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mostly single, five to nine flowered, 5°^ long : empty glumes nearly eqnal, 
lanceolate-acuminate, one-nerved : flowering glumes 2 to 2.5^°* long, three- 
nerved, oblong, obtuse, emarginate, short-cuspidate, the lateral nerves and 
midrib pubescent below : palet one-fourth shorter, obtuse, and denticulate. — 
Florida (Blodgett), Texas {Buckley, Nealley, Reverchon), A beautiful species, 
having Ihe aspect of an Eragrostia, There are several forms of this verging 
toward T. amhigua, 

823. Triodia grandiflora Vasey, n. «p. Culms 3 to 5<*"* high: loaves narrow, rigid, 

plane or conduplicate, 5 to 10<^™ long, lower with the sheaths softly pubescent : 
panicle oblong, dense, 3.5 to 6^™ long, branches appressed: spikelets 8 to 10"^ 
long: emi)ty glumes unequal, lanceolate, the upper 8"'"» long, one-nerved, the 
lower rather shorter, three-nerved : flowering glumes 7 to8™°»long, acute, apex 
two-lobed, lobes acute, the fissure less than 2'"™ long, awn about 2*"'" long, the 
lateral nerves densely ciliate the entire length, and the midrib below : palet 
narrow,' a third as long as its glume, pubescent on the nerves, abruptly acute. 
— Chenate Mountains (Presidio county) ; collected also in Arizona and Chi- 
huahua by Pringle. This has been distributed as T, avenacea HBK., but 
it does not agree with the description and figure given. The spikelets and 
flowers are larger than in any other Triodia. 

824. Triodia mutica Vasey. (T, trinerviglumis Mun.) Ballinger (Runnels county). 

825. Triodia Nealleyi Vasey. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

826. Triodia polchella Vasey. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

827. Triodia purpurea Vasey. 

828. Triodia stricta Vasey. 

829. Triodia Texana Vasey. Point Isabel. 

830. Diplaohne dubia Benth. 

831. Diplaohne fascicularis P. Br. 

832. Diplaohne imbricata Thurber. Point Isabel. 

833. Diplaohne Reverohoui Vasey. 

834. Diplaohne rlglda Vaaqy. 

835. Eragrostis oampeatris Trin (E, nitida Chapman). 

836. EragrostlB capillaria Vasey. Pena (Duval county). 

837. EragroBtlBOonferta Trin. 

838. EragrostlB curtipedicellata Buckl. Hidalgo (Hidalgo county). 

839. Eragrostis lugens Noes. 

840. EragrostlB major Host. 

841. Eragrostis Neo-Mezicana Vasey. 

842. Eragrostis ozylepis Torr. Point Isabel. 

843. Eragrostis peotinaoea Gray. 

844. Eragrostis Purshil Schrad. Peua (Duval county). 

845. Eragrostis Purshil Schrad., var. diffusa Vasey (E. diffusa Buckl.). 

846. Eragrostis reptans Nees. Point Isabel. 

847. Eragrostis tenuis Gray. 

848. Eragrostis tenuis Gray, var. Texensls Vasey, n. var. Culm rigid, erect, 75 to 

90<™ high, leafy, simple : sheaths striate, smoothish or silky-hairy above and 
at the throat ; blade rather rigid, nearly as long as the culm, scabrous and 
with a few scattered hairs on the upper surface, smooth below, upper sheath 
inclosing the base of the panicle, which is half the length of the plant, the 
branches erect-spreading: spikelets three to five-flowered, acute: empty 
glumes lanceolate, acute, longer than the lowest flowering glume. — Collected 
by both Reverchon and Nealley. 

849. Eatonia obtusata Gray. 

850. Eatonia Pennsylvanlca Gray. 

851. Kooleria cristata Pers. 



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60 

852. Melica diffusa Paroh. 

853. TJniola gracilis Michx. 

854. Uuiola latifolia Michx. 

855. TJuiola paniculata L. Point Isabel. 

856. Distichlis maritima Raf. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

857. Poa Bigelovii Vasey & Scribner. 

858. Poa flezuosa Muhl. 

859. Poa Tezana Vasey, n. sp, DicDcious (!) : rhizomo stout, throwing out Iodr 

stolous which take root at the joints, and from which the leafy culms arise 
to the height of 15 to 4(K"' : lower sheaths loose, as long as the intemodes or 
longer ; blade 7.5 to 15'^™ long : panicle narrow, 2.5 to 7.5*^ long, the upper 
l)art of a few simple sessile spikelets, the lower part with a few few-flowered 
short appressed branches : spikelets large (10 to 12^™), seven to nine- flowered, 
compressed, smooth: empty glume, ovate, obtuse : flowering glumes oblong- 
ovate, three-nerved, 4 to 6*""* long, smooth except on the keel. — The specimens 
are all male. 

860. Glyceria fluitans R. Br. 

861. Glyceria nervata Trin. 

862. Festuca nutans Willd. 

863. Festuca ovina L. 

864. Festuca sciurea Nutt. 

865. Festuca tenella Willd. 

866. Bromus ciliatus L. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

867. Bromus Kalmii Gray. 

868. Bromus secalinus L. Introduced. 

869. Bromus unioloides Willd. ^ 

870. Lolium perenne L. Introduced. 

871. Agropyrum glaucum R. <& S. 

872. Hordeum jubatum L. 

873. Hordeum maritimom With. Introduced. 

874. Hordeum pratense Huds. 

875. Hordeum pusillum Nutt. 

876. Elymus Canadensis L. 

877. El3rmus Canadensis L., var. glabriflorus Vaeey. 

878. Elymus Cauiadensls L., var. minor Vasey. Santa Anna (Coleman county). 

879. Elymus Sitanion Schultz. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

880. Elymus striatus Willd. 1 

881. Elymus Virginicus L. 

882. Elymus Virginicus L., var. minor Vasey. 
- 883. Asprella hystrix Willd. 

884. Juniperus occidentalis Hook. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). 

885. Juniperus pachyphlcea Torr. Chisos Mountains (Foley county). It is almost 

impossible to distinguish this species from J. Mexicana^ and it is very prob- 
able that the two should be merged, representing a type which extends over 
the North Mexican plateau, and into the high lands of Arizona, New Mexico, 
and western Texas. 
The following species were determined by Henry E. Seaton: 

886. Selaginella ouspidata Link. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

887. Selaginella lepidophylla Spring. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

888. Selaginella rupestris Spring. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

889. Gymnogramme hispida Mett. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

890. Gymnogranune triangularis Kaulf. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

891. Notholaena ferruginea Hook. Limpia caDon (Presidio county). 

892. Notholasna Grayi Dav. Chenate Mountains and Limpia cafion (Presidio 

county). 



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893. Notholasna Hookeri Eaton. Limpia cation (Presidio county). 

894. Notholasna Nealle3ri Seaton, n. sp. Rhizome slender, with narrow black scales : 

stipe terete, reddish-black, 2.5<^ long : frond oblong-lanceolate, contracts 
below, tripinnatifid, 10 to 12«™ long, 3.5<^™ wide, npper surface (especially 
when young) white-granular dotted, lower densely coated with a white 
powder but becoming less so with age: rhachises, like the stipe, white 
granular and conspicuously clothed with rigid brown hairs: pinn® sessile, 
nearly opposite, triangular-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, pinnately divided into 
four to six pairs of sessile pinnatifid obtuse and oblong pinnules, confluent 
at the apex ; margins unchanged but sometimes becoming reflexed : sori 
brown and copious, in a continuous marginal line. — Chenate Mountains 
(Presidio county). Most nearly resembling N, Grayi Dav. 

895. Notholasna sinuata Kaulf. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

896. .CheilantlieB Baton! Baker. Limpia cafion and Chenate Mountains (Presidio 

county). 

897. Cheilanthea microphylla Swartz. Limpia cation (Presidio county). 

898. Cheilanthea tomentosa Link. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

899. Cheilanthea Wrightii Hook. Limpi4 cation (Presidio county). 

900. Pellasa aspera Baker. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

901. Pellasa flezuosa Link. Limpia cation (Presidio county). These specimens 

were collected under two numbers, one being typical P. flexuoaa and the 
other not typical, but nearer this species than anything else, the rhachises 
being but little flexuose, if any, and the pinnules mucronulate. 

902. Pellasa temifolia Link. Limpia cation (Presidio county). 

903. Aapleniom parvolnm Man. d^ Gale. Chenate Mountains (Presidio county). 

24574— No. 2 3 



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A 



LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY DR. EDWARD PALMER IN 
LOWER CALIFORNIA AND WESTERN MEXICO IN 1890. 



Bv Dr. Geo. Vasby and J. N. Boss. 



Dr. Palmer spent some three months in Lower California in the early 
part of this year, and his work has proved very valuable in adding to 
onr knowledge of the flora of this region. His work has been arduous, 
owing to the drought and heat, and the few accommodations to be had in 
this wild and sparsely inhabited country ; this, added to his failing health, 
has made his work doubly trying. 

The following are the places visited, with the date of collection and 
the numbers of the plants : 



PlaoesTisited. 



La Pa% Iiower Callfomi* 

Qvajaafl, Mexloo 

Sn Pwlzok Mwtin IsUuid. 

lUlM IfllMld........... ... 

Oaajnas, Hexioo 

Swta RoMlift 

SnrtaAmieda.. 



Date of collection. 



Jan. 20 to Feb. 5 . 

Feb. 11 

Feb. 13 

Feb. 1? 

Fob. 15 to 17. ... 
Feb. 24 to Mar. 8 

Mar. 4to5 

Mar IS 



Kumbert 
(inclasive). 



1-144 
145-147 
14^150 
151-161 
16^-176 
177-210 
211-264 
266-273 



In order that the fullest facility for the determination of the plants of 
the collection here described might be available, Mr. tT. ]N.Eose, As- 
sistant Botanist, spent some time at Cambridge, Mass., in investigating 
and comparing the plants with those contained in the herbarium of 
Harvard College. We gladly acknowledge the generous help of various 
lH)tanLBt8 in the determination of difficult species, and especially that of 
Dr. Sereno Watson for his aid in studying many of the type plants in 
the Cambridge herbarium. 

PLANTS COLLECTED AT LA PAZ, LOV^B CAXIFOBNIA.* 

Great interest was felt in Dr. Palmer's trip to La Paz and vicinity 
this past winter and his rich collection has added much to our knowl- 



' Read before the A. A. A. S. at IndiaDapolis, Angust 26, 1690. 



63 



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edge of the flora of that region. Dr. Palmer left San Francisco Decem- 
ber 25, by steamer, in company with Mr. T. S. Brandegee, who, landing 
at Magdalena Bay, proceeded overland to Cape St. Lncas, while Dr. 
Palmer continned to Gaaymas, Mexico^ and from there returned to La 
Paz. In about two weeks, from January 20 to February 5, one hun- 
dred and seventeen species were collected. Among these are two new 
genera, fourteen new species, and many more very rare ones. The 
southern half of the Galifornian peninsula has been almost unknown 
botanically until the last two seasons, when, through the energetic 
labors of Dr. Palmer and Mr. Brandegee, many new and rare species 
have been brought to the knowledge of science. The few collections 
that have been previously made in this region are well known to 
botanists. The first collection was made by Mr. B. B. Hinds on the 
voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur in 1839. Only about one hundred and 
fifty species in all were collected, the larger part being new. They were 
from Lower California, at San Quentin, San Bartolom^, Bay of Mag- 
dalena, and Cape St. Lucas. Of this number nineteen were collected at 
Cape St. Lncas, of which fifteen were described as new species. 

No further collections were made in this region until 1859-^60, when 
Mr. L. J. Xantus spent several months at Cape St. Lucas making a 
collection of one hundred and twenty- two species, nineteen^ of which 
Dr. Gray (Proc. Amer. Acad. V.) described as new. Quite a number of 
the others have since been separated from the species to which they 
were referred and are described as new. W. F. Fisher got a few things 
at the Cape in 1876, and Mr. W. H. Townsend in 1889. M%j6r Rich » is 
the first person of whom we have any record who collected at La Pac. 
Three other valuable collections have been made in the central part of 
the peninsula, which ought to be mentioned here, on account of the 
numerous new species they contain (of which Dr. Palmer has re-collected 
many) — namely : the collections of Dr. Palmer in 1887, at Los Angeles 
Bay, and at Lagoon Head in 1889, and that of Mr. Brandeg^ in 1889, 
from Magdalena Bay to San Quentin. Of the one hundred and fifty 
species collected by Mr. Hinds, twenty-five were recollected and ten of 
the fifteen new species collected by him at Cape St» Lucas ; forty-two 
of the one hundred and twenty- two species of Xantus were recollected, 
twelve of which were of the new ones of this collection ; sixty-three of the 
species collected by Dr. Palmer at Guaymas and Los Angeles Bay were 
recollected, eight being of the new species described by Mr. Watson 
from that collection ; seventy-six of the species were collected by Mr. 
Brandegee, six being his new species. Of the species collected fifty- 
six extend into the United States, mostly into the desert region of 
southern California and Arizona ; seventy-six have been collected in 
Mexico (mostly from the western part); ten extend into Central 
America and eight are in South America. 



' One was desoribed by Dr. EDglemanu. < CoUected Lydum Biohii Gray. 



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The following table will show the above facts m a coDdensed form : 



I Hind> oollectioii m reported by BenthAm in "Botany of the Sulphur." 

* Xantas'H collection as reported by Dr. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. Vol. Y . 

' Palmer's 1887 collection at reported by Mr. Wataon in Proc. Amer. Acad. VoL XXIV. 
^Brandegee's 188B collection as reported by himself in Proc Cal. Aoad. 2d Ser. Vol. II. 
'Plants of Central and Northern California. 

* Plants extending into the United States. 

* Plants extending into Mexico. 

* Plants extending into Central America. 
*PUnts extending into South America. 

PAPAVBRACBiB. 
Argemone Mexicana L. Called ** Cardo " ; very common in waste places. No. 55. 

CRUCIFISRiB. 

Cardamine Palmeri Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 38. Only a few plants 
fonnd growing in shade on mesas. Flowers white. No. 103. 

Iiyrocarpa Zanti Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2Dd Ser. II. 127. This is andoabtedly 
the same that Xantas (No. 2) got at Cape St. Lucas. A very common plant 
on lowlands in shade of trees and shrubs. Flowers, "light mauve.'" No. 73. 



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CAPPARIDACB2. 

WlBlizenia refracta EngelDi. A common plant, 2 to 3 feet high, in alkali Boil, 
near the sea-beach. The plant has a fetid odor. Onr plant seems to belong 
to this species, having the trifoliate leaves and small frnit. It seems distinct 
from the type of W. Palmerij but receut specimens referred to that species by 
Watson and Brandegee seem to be intermediate forms uniting these species. 
Mr. Brandegee in a recent note (Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd Ser. II. 128) says he 
thinks the distinction very slight. No. 88. 

Atamiaqnea emarginata Miers. A small tree or bush 6 to 8 feet high, with few 
stems, but with many short lateral branches, very brittle and consequently 
very difficult to make into specimens. The flowers are white and '*as finely 
scented as orange flowers." It was found contiguous to the ocean, on sandy 
mesas, just coming into bloom. No. 58. 

VIOLACBJB. 

lonidium fraticnlosmn Benth. Bot. Sulph. 7. This plant is quite variable in its 
leaves. The lower part of the siem is often woody, developing considerable 
cork and seeming a true perennial. Our specimens seem to cover both the type 
and Gray's variety dentata made from Xantus's No. 4. Found abundantly'under 
shade of trees. No. 84. 

P0L70ALACEJB. 

Blrameria caneacena Gray, var. pancifolia Rose, n. var. Slightly pubescent, with 
weak spreading branches: leaves very small (1 to 2 lines long) and dis- 
tant : sepals (3 to 4 lines long) broad, merely acute. 

Dr. Palmer collected at Guaymas and Los Angeles Bay, 1887, a plant much 
like this in habit and foliage, but with the narrower sepals and spatulate petals 
of the type and thus representing an intermediate form. It is proper to state 
here that Mr. Brandegee thinks the plant should go into K. bioolor Watson. 
While the plant has the petals and larger fruit of this species, it has different 
pubescence, smaller leaves, broader sepals, and smaller bracts to the pedicels. 
The following is Dr. Palmer's note : '' Found upon mesas and edges of ravinea 
among other plants, at the base of which they grow, and by which the weak 
stems are supported, making by the many interlacing branches a thick mass, 
which appears like a parasite. Not seen by itself. Found but one plant with 
seed ; the seed-pods had sprouted upon the plant, forming three rather fleshy 
leaves like the leaves of the plant and of a bronze color. Flowers mauve.''^ 
No. 4. 

CAR70PH7LLACE2L 

Drymaria craaalfolia Benth. Bot. Sulph. 14. Abundant on sandy beach. No. 6 of 
Xantus. First collected by Hinds at Cape St. Lucas. No. 142. 

PORTULACACEJB. 

Portulaca piloaa L. (f ). Probably this species, but material insufficient for perfect 
determination. Common on beach and under trees contiguous to ocean. It is 
very tenacious of life, specimens before me having been in press for almost 
three months and still nearly as fireen as when collected. No. 140. 

MALVACRS. 

Sphasralcea Califomica Rose, n. sp. Two to 4 and sometimes even 10 to 12 feet 
high, densely stellate-pubescent, becoming somewhat glabrate below : leaves 
triangular-oblong, 1^ to2i inches long, cordate or truncate at base, more or 
less 3-lobed, crenately-toothed, densely stellate-pubescent : inflorescence open 
paniculate; flowers orange-yellow: calyx 2 to 3^ lines long, its lobes ovate- 
acuminate: petals 5 Hues long, obovate: capsules small, depressed; carpels 



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13 to 16, strongly reticalated below, the sterile part a mere iDcorred aoatish 

tip ; ovule and seed one. 

8. Coulteri Braodegee. Proc. Cal. Aoad. 2nd Ser. II. 135. 

One of the most common plants of Lower California. Dr. Palmer fonnd it in 
the ravines and sandy spots contiguous to the beach at La Paz, growing; 2 to :i 
feet high. Mr. Brandegee writes me that in moist places it is 10 to 12 feet high. 
It is a rough, homely plaut, avoided by all grazing animals. In habit and pubes- 
cence the plant resembles Xantns's (No. 10) plant from Cape St. Lucas, but the 
carpels are eutirely different, in fact they are almost the exact counterpart of 
those of 8, Coulteri Gr. This strong similarity has led Mr. Brandegee into the 
error of referring his specimens of last year to this species. While the carpels 
are so similar and like no other 8pKceralceay still there seems a slight difference. 
8, Coulteri Gr. is less pubescent and the terminal part (wrongly called the 
** horizontal projection at base'' by Watson and Brandegee) is very broad and 
obtnse. 8, Californica is said by Mr. Brandegee to be an annual, but appears 
to be biennial or perhaps perennial. 8. Coulteri Gr., originally described as per- 
ennial, is clearly an annual. It is also very different in habit ; 8, Coulteri Gr., 
is either procumbent or with branches ascending, while ^. Californica is tall and 
erect. The pubescence is very different as well as the shape and toothing of 
the leaves, and the size and color of the flowers. No. 18. 

Horsfordia Palmer! Watson. Proc. Amt^r. Acad. XXIV. 40. Six feet hit^h, with 
single upright stem and many lateral branches: lower leaves 4 to 5 inches long. 
Common on sandy mesas, called " Mariola," and much used as a remedy in 
female diseases. No. 96. 

Horsfordia rotondifolia WatKon. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 41. Found sparingly 
on a stony ridge. No. 117. 

Sida Zanti Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIL 296. Collected by Xantns IBSd^'GO, but 
not described until three years ago. The flowers are described as '' apparently 
white but perhaps yellow." Dr. Palmer speaks of the •* golden-colored bloom," 
but in the plants before ns there is a purplish tinge. The few plants obtained 
are from a stony ridge. It grows 3 to 4 feet high, with two or three slender 
stems from the base and few lateral branches. No. 27. 

Abutilon Palmer! Gray. No. 90. 

AbQtIlon incannm Don. A plant 3 or 4 feet high, growing in sandy gnlches among 
shrubs. No. 120. 

STBRCULIACEA. 

Hennaimia Pa^xneri Rose u. sp. Stems perennial, weak, the long slender branches 
supported by other plants, densely stellate-pubescent : leavesdeltoid in outline, 
cordate at base, 6 to 12 lines long, dentate, on petioles 4 to 8 lines long: ped- 
uncles slender, 6 to 15 lines long, 1 to 2-flo wered, articulated at the upper bract, 
becoming reflexed : calyx 3 to 4 lines long, deeply cleft into lanceolate acute 
lobes, not enlarged in fruit: corolla golden yellow; petals 4 to 5 lines long, 
orbicular, cuneate at base, with an abrupt tip, spreading or reflexed: stamens 
5; filaments very short ; anthers erect, free but connivent as in Solanum : styles 
cohering: capsule 6 lines long, oblong, the dorsal crest of each capsule armed 
with long gloohidiate spines ; seeds 5 to 7 in each cell, somewhat incurved, the 
hilnm end somewhat pointed, the surface dull with irregular depressions. 
Grows under shade of bushes on sandy mesas. Also collected at Todos Saotos 
by Mr. T. S. Brandegee. No. 29. 

Melochia tomentosa L. An upright growing shrubby plant, about 6 feet high, on 
mesas. Collected by Xantus (No. 13), and* also at Magdalena fiay, etc., by 
Brandegee. No. 121. 

MALPIQHIACEJB. 

Gkdphimia angastifolia Benth., var. oblonglfolia Gray. Small plants under shade 
of trees, bloom yellow. This is the same as the more recent G. linifolia of Gray, 



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68 

which Hemsley in Biol. Centr.-Amer. has ret4iiaedy redaclDg Bent ham's name 
to a synonym. Xantns (No. 15) collected the typical form. No. 109. 
Jannsia Califomioa Benth. Bot. Salph. 8. Plant 4 to 6 feet high ; hangs for sap- 
port on other plants ; along arroyos. Flowers yellow. No. 42. 

ZTOOPHTLLACB^L 

I^arrea Mezicana Moric. Called '^gobernadora,'' and is used in hot baths for the 
cure of rhenmatisDi. No. 54. 

BURSERACILSI. 

Bursera miorophylla Gray. ^' Torote," a low tree 10 to 15 feet high, a foot or more 
in diameter, with a much-branching top. The bark is used for dyeing and tan- 
ning and is largely shipped to England. An injection made from the bark la 
used for gonorrhea, and a drink prepared from the gum is taken for the same 
disease. No. 64. 

OLACINBJB. 

€k)hGBpfia Callfbrnica Brand egee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd Ser. II. 139. No. 143. 

RHAMNACEJB. 

Karwinakia Hamboldtiana Zaoc. Called ** Cacachila ; " a large buth 8 to 12 feet 
high. A decoction of the plant is used in common fever. No. 67. 

SAPINDACXLSI. 

Cardioapermnm Palmeri Vasey & Rose. Proc. Nat. Mas. XIII. 147. A climbing 
plant not mnch seen. One plant only, found in bloom on the bank of a ravine. 
A part of the type. No. 68. 

Cardioapermum tortuoaum Benth. f About 4 feet high, puberuient becoming 
glabrate and thorny ; thorns 6 to 12 lines long, 2 to 3 forked at tip. Flowers 
few, white. Perhaps this species, but more glabrous and thorny than Mr. 
Bentham's form ; it answers better Xantus's No. 19 referred as '^Cordio^peniiiiiii f 
sp. nov." by Dr. Gray. No. 2. 

LBaUMINOSJB. 

Coursetia glanduloaa Qray. Proc. Amer. Acad. V. 156. The specimen of Xantus 
(No. 25) upon which this species was founded was merely in flower and it was 
doubtfully referred to this genus. Our plant has smaller leaves than the type 
and is much like larger-leaved forms of C miorophylla Gray, which perhaps 
will be referred to this species. A small tree, 15 feet high, with loose growing 
branches. ** Bloom, lower part light yellow, upper white.'' Found in low 
places near a dry creek. No. 38. 

Dalea chryaorhiaa Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. V. 156. The type was first collected 
by Xantus (No. 22) at Cape St. Lucas; not collected since until last season, by 
T. S. Brandegee, at Cardon Grande. It is a trailing plant on sandy bottoms. 
Flowers "mauve-colored." No. 71. 

Dalea maritixiia Brandegee ined. Very common on sandy beach near the ocean. 
No. 79. 

Dalea Emoryi Gray. The plants grow on sandy beaches in masses covering very 
large spaces. The stems are procumbent and with interlacing branches hide 
the ground. They have a white appearance and at a distance look like dry 
hay. Occasionally a glabrous plant is found growing with others, a fact also 
noted by Mr. Brandegee No. 3« 

Cracoa Edwardail Gray. Found growing in shade of bushes. ** Bloom, cream-col- 
ored; on the upper part red striped, turns reddish by age." No. 51. 



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69 

.Sachynomene nivea Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd 8er. II. 150. Oenerally 
with one central stem or sometimes with a few lateral branches. '^ Bloom, 
snlphor color.'' Grows oh stony ridges. Only collected before by Mr. Bran- 
degee at Pnrisima, 1889. No. 110. 

PhaBeolns filifolia Benth. Bot. Snlph. 13. Small climbing plant along ravines. 
Flowers rose-colored. This is No. 13 of Xantos. No. 82. 

Csesalpinia pannosa Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd. Ser. II. 150. A very com- 
mon shrub with two or three main branches. No. 114! 

CaMalpinia n. sp. A compact shrub 4 feet high, brown bark, younger parts somewhat 
pubescent and with stipitate glands : leaves small (the petiole and rachis with 
stipitate glands) with one pair of pinnsD ; leaflets 5 pairs, excentric, oblong, 2 
to 4 lines long : racemes short-pedunculate, 1 to 3 inches long ; bracts ovate, 
obtuse, laoiniate, caducous : pedicels slender, jointed near the summit : sepals 3 
lines long, purple (*' bronzed''), covered with stipitate glands: petals 5 to 6 
lines long, yellow, more or less glandular : stamens somewhat villous : pods 
not seen. — On stony ridges. An abundant bloomer with fragrant flowers " as 
sweet as apple blossoms." Collected by Palmer in 1887 but not reported in Mr. 
Watson's list. No. 95. 

Hapmatoxylon boreale Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXI. 426. ** Loose, thorny shrub, 
8 to 10 feet high ; has in the young leaves a peculiar bronze color; the older 
leaves fall when the new ones appear. The wood yields a dye." No. 48. 

Caasia Coresii Gray. Called **Oyason;" the roots and stems are used as a blood 
purifier, and by the common people in the making of poultices and in hot 
baths for the cure of certain diseases. No. 52. 

Parkinaoiiia Torreyana Watson. Called *'Palo Virde." A low tree with branch- 
ing top. ** Just coming into flower" (Feb. 1). Perhaps this is the same plant 
collected by Mr. Brandegee in 1889. No. 112. 

Acacia 'Wrightil Benth. A thorny shrub 6 feet high, with few stems. ''The flow- 
ers have a pleasant honey-like aroma." No. 94. 

Acacia Famesiana Willd. Called ''Yinorama." A small tree with loose branches. 
The outer bark when fresh is used to cure headaclie, and the pods were once 
used to make ink. ''The flower very aromatic, honey-like." It is No. 34 of 
Xantus. No. 60. 

Acacia flexioanliB^ Benth. Stamens nnmerons, united into a tube longer than the 
corolla tube; pods curved, rough, black, an inch broad, 3 inches long. This is 
called " Palofierro " (iron wood), and is a very useful plant. Although often 
a small tree, Dr. Palmer only found it at La Paz as a low thorny bush with 
rough scraggy branches. Flowers white. No. 86. 

Itysilcina Candida Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd Ser. II. 153. Called "Palo 

bianco" (white wood). The bark is used for tanning purposes, while the wood 

is used in many ways. Only small trees, 12 to 15 feet high and 6 inches in 

diameter, were seen. Grows along arroyos. Flowers white. No. 80. 

Calliandra eriophylla Benth. A small plant 2 feet high with compact top. The 

stamens are white tipped with red. On mesas. Not common. No. 72. 
Calliandra, sp. Belonging to Benth am's series NitidcBf near C. Calif omicaf or it may 
be C Cumingii. The pinnse are always 6 pairs, and leaflets about 20 pairs ; the 
leaflets2to 3 lines long, mid vein eccentric, a little pubescent, acute : peduncle 
H to 2 inches long, with numerous flowers : calyx less than a line long: petals 
3 lines long: pods 2^ to3^ inches long, considerably tapering at base, with thick 
margins, and a little pubernlent. Only a single specimen collected, growing 
in a garden at La Paz. It is called " Tabardillo," by which name yellow fever 
was known to the Ipdians. The root of this plant is now used by the people 
of this region as a remedy for fevers. No. 22. 
Pithecolobiom dnlce Benth. A large wide-spreading tree. Cultivated in most 
places in Mexico for its edible fruit, useful wood, and tan-bark. No. 14. 



»Thi8 is Piihecolobium Texense Coulter Cont. Nat. Herb. I. 37. 



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70 

LOASACRS. 

Mentzelia adhaBrena Bentb. Bot. Salph. 15. Seen but sparingly ; leayes stick to 
everything ; flowers open at night. No. 57. 

TURNERACISJB. 

Tamera difioaa Willd., var. aphrodiaiaca Urban. Jahrb. Bot. Gart. Berl. II. 127. 
Dr. Puluier writes of this plant as follows : '* This plant is widely known in this 
locality nnder the name Damiana. It has a wide medical reputation as a 
stimulant in exhausted vitality and for the cure of syphilis, and as a blood pu- 
rifier used in the form of hot teas. All over the peninsula where it can be had 
it is used as a substitute for China tea; it has a pleasant flavor unlike any 
other plant. It is made into preparations with spirits and sold by druggists 
for its strengthening qualities. It refreshes one greatly when fatigued, allevi- 
ates nervous diseases, cures colic, and is an efficacious diuretic. It is put up at 
La Paz in large quantities. Flowers close at night." No. 11. 

CnCURBITACEJB. 

MomOrdica Charantia L. Cultivated for its fruit, which is fed to tame birds. 

No. 59. 
Maximowizoia (f ). A trailing plant among rocks near sea-beach. The leaves are 

very hispid both above and below with stout appressed hairs. No. 102. 
Bohinocyatis minima Watson . A common plan tin creek bottoms and mesas ; climbs 

over bushes. The leaves are deeply lobed, sometimes almost to the base. Na 

65. 

CACTACZLS. 

a ^afwinaHa, gp. One foot to 18 inches high, with many bright crimson flowers; very 
fleshy scarlet fruit of rounded form. Perhaps a new species. No. 139. 

FICOIDEJB. 

MoUngo verticillata L. Only three small plants were found, growing under bashea 
on mesas. The plants are small, with linear leaves. No. 36. 

RIJBIACRSI. 

Houatonia aapemloidea Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. V. 15d. This species is quite 
variable. A good figure (No. 13) appears in Botany of the Sulphur. The 
corolla tube is sometimes slender filiform, as figured, in other specimens broader, 
gradually running into the calyx. Some (No. 31^^) are quite glabrous, with 
long filiform pedicels and slent!er branches; others are somewhat granulate, 
with capsules short and sessile or glomerate in the axils and the whole plant 
depressed. '' Corolla pmk.^' Collected first by Hinds of the Sulphur in 1837 
and by Xantus (No. 43) in lH59-'60, both at Cape St. Lucas, and probably by 
Mr. Brandegee, 1889, at Magdalena Bay. Common on sandy plains and mesas. 
No. 24 (in part), 31*. 

Houatonia Brandegeana Rose, n. sp. Near the last but more erect, with slender 
branches: pedicels long and slender, sometimes 1^ inches long: calyx ^ line 
long, with short erect obtuse lobes : corolla 3 lines long, with slender tube two 
or three times the length of the calyx, with broad funnel-form throat and ob- 
tuse lobes ; the throat yellowish green ; the limb violet : capsule globose (^ line 
long), not tapeiing into a long, narrow base. — Habitat the same as the above. 
No. 31 and 24*. 

Houatonia arenaria Rose, n. sp. A taller species, much branching, glabrous: leaves 
lanceolate, 9 to 15 lin^s long by 2 to 3 lines broad; stipules laoiniate: flowers 
numerous, either sessile in the forks, or along the rachis, or on filiform pedicels, 
3 to 4 lines long; calyx-tube with small obtusish lobes: corolla ''pure white,'' 



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Contrib. Nat. Herb. PLATE I. 

I 



COULTERELLA, nov. gen 






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71 

tioged with pink in drying, 1^ lines long, with slender tabe : capsule obtnse 
at base, free from calyx merely at the top, emarginate at apex ; seeds 4, mi- 
niiely reticulated. ^Growing on sand. A very rare and well-marked species. 
No. 28. 

COMPOSITJB. 

Hofineiateria faacioulata Walp. Rep. VI. 106. Collected by Hinds, Xantns (No. 
46), aud Brandegee. It is illustrated in Bot. Sulph under Helogyne. Very 
abundant in crevices of rocky bluffs facing the ocean. Whole plant light 
green, about a foot high, leaves very fleshy, flowers rose-colored. No. 137. 

Aplopappus arenariuB Benth. It is undoubtedly a true Aplopappus and probably 
Bentham's species from Cape St. Lucas. It does not appear to be Xantus's spe- 
cies, referred here by Qray. The A, spinulosua of Brandegee, from Sau Gregoria, 
probably belongs with it. The style tips are deltoid and the akenes are turbi- 
nate, and 8 to lOrribbed. Found on the mesas and exposed places. A compact 
plant and an abnndaot bloomer. No. 17. 

Conlterella,' n. gen. (Plate I.) Heads 1-flowered (rarely 2), in cymose, glomerate 
clusters. Flowers tubular, fertile. Proper involucre tubular, of three united 
bracts, 3-toothed at apex, winged in fruit, iuclosing the ovary and corolla tube 
and permanently investing the akene. Corolla regular, with narrow proper 
tube and deeply cut into lanceolate divisions longer than the tube. Stamens 
inserted high up in the tube; anthers wholly exserted, sagittate at base. Style 
branches elbngated and obtnse, papillo>e. Akene linearcuneate and terete; 
pappus a minute annular -crown or obsolete. — A compact shrub, glabrous and 
succulent. Leaves opposite, entire or dentate, sessile. Corolla yellow. Prob« 
ably belonging to the tribe Helianthaidetej snb-tribe Lagaaoeee^ but possibly of 
the tribe InulotdeaSf and a relationship has been suggested with Gray's little 
Dimeresia of Oregon. The opposite leaves, broad style-branches and merely 
sagittate anthers seem to more properly refer it to the former tribe. Named 
in honor of John M. Coulter, editor of Botanical Gazette aud author of numer- 
ous botanical works. 

Coolterella capitata, n, sp. A shrub with many branches, forming a large bush 4 
feet high: leaves very fleshy, about an iuch long, with few spiny dentations: 
the glomerate clusters loose, 6 to 25-flowered, each head in the axil of a small 
setaceous bract : corolla lobes 3-nerved, 2 lines long : involucre in fruit 3 to 
4 lines long, spongy, 3-angled or winged : akenes H lines long : the plant 
has a strong aroma of the oil of lemon. — Rare, on a sandy beach near the ocean. 
No. 136. 

EXPLANATION TO PLATE I. 

a. A head with the base of the receptacle, and three of the bracts. (. A flower. 
c. A flower; the involucre removed, d. A flower laid open, and the style withdrawn 
from the anther-tube. e. A pollen-grain. /. luvolucreof a young flower, g. Four- 
winged involucre of an older flower, h. Three- winged in^ucre of an older flower. 
«. The achenium. kj 2, m, n. Four leaves showiug difference in form. 
Parthenice mollis 'Gray fide Brandegee. No. 66. 
Fransexia tentiifolia Gray. *^ Instafiata ; " a remedy for fever and ague. Collected 

by Xantus (No. 55). No. 53. 
Viguiera deltoidea Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. V. 161. Dr. Palmer has collected 
this species again, near the original Htation. He says '* its several stems form 
a compact, shrubby plant, 8 to 10 feet high, blooming abundantly. It is very 
common along galleys and among trees and shrubs on the mesas. This plant 
is much taller than "was originally supposed. The leaves are either alternate 

'Reail before the Biological S<»ciety of Washington, D. C, May 3J, 1890. 



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72 

or opposite, even to the top. Very near to this is var. Parishii ( F. Paruhii 
Greene), of more northern range ; the southern form passes into the type. 
No. 30. 

Vigniera tomentosa Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. V. 161. This is a very rare speciea 
in herbaria and is only known before from the collection of Xantns (1859-60), 
from the vicinity of Cape St. Lucas. An upright growing plant with several 
woody stems. It has a large, loosely hanging top ; a very free bloomer. Com- 
mon on arroyos and on mesas. No. 83. 

Encelia Palmer! Vasey & Rose. Proc. Nat. Mns. IX. 535. These specimens have 
somewhat smaller leaves, either cordate or cuneate at base : the akenes obo- 
vate. Dr. Palmer says it is a very common plant nere. It is 3 feet high, in 
compact masses, and is a very showy plant. It has been collected by Mr. 
Brandegee at Magdalena Island and San Gregoria. No. 15. 

Encelia forinosa Gray. Only a single plant collected. It is called '* Incienso," be- 
cause of the gum which the woody part yields being used by the priests in 
early times for incense. It is amber-colored and has a pleasant aroma. Not 
before collected so far south. Mr. Brandegee has referred here his E, radUuts. 
No. 50. 

Bidens Xantiana Rose, n. sp. Stems terete, a foot to 15 inches high, slender and 
somewhat spreading at base, glabrous throughout: leaves much shorter than 
internodes, opposite, bipinnate with short linear segments: head on long 
peduncles : the outer involucre of short linear bracts, the inner longer, ovate 
and acute: disk about 3 lines high; rays 8, about 5 lines long, sty iiferona: 
akenes 2-awned. — We name this species for Xantus, who collected here in 
1859-'60. It seems nearest B, angmtisaima H. B. K., but differs in its terete 
stem, shorter leaflets, and glabrous involucre. It differs from most Bidens in its 
styliferons rays. Only a single plant seen; this grew in a shady arroyo. No. 5. 

Iieptosyne parthenioidea, var. diaseota Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 56. 
Very similar in habit to this fonn. It is L. heterooarpha Gray, and if this spe- 
cies is not to be kept distinct, as is held by Mr. Watson and Mr. Brandegee, it 
should be referred to this variety and not to the species proper, where it is 
assigned by these authors. The akenes are smaller than in the ^)>ecies proper; 
the dissected wings thick and corky, and the awn retrorsely hispid ; this was 
noticed by Mr. Brandegee, but in Bentham's figure (Bot. Sulphnrt. 16) they are 
upwardly hispid. No. 62 of Xantus. Found in only a few places in the shade 
of trees. No. 19. 

Perityle Emoryi Torr. A common plant in sandy, alkaline plains, near the ocean. 
Very succulent plant ; difficult to dry. No. 78. 

Perityle microglossa Benth. Grows abundantly under shade of trees. Collected by 
Xantus (No. 48) at Cape St. Lucas, 1856-'60. No. 92. 

Palafoxia arenarla Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd series, II. 178. Found very 
abundantly and just coming Into bloom, upon a sandy beach near the ocean. 
No. 100. 

Porophyllnm graoile Benth. Dr. Palmer gives the common name *^ Yerba-del-ven- 
ado ; " it is used by the country people in preparing a tea to relieve pain in the 
stomach. No. 64 of Xantus. No. 8. 

Dysodia apecloaa Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. V. 163. Rather plentiful, growing near 
and supporting itself upon other plants. Its bright amber flowers and strong 
bergamot aroma make it a very attractive plant. No. 65 of Xantus. No. 32. 

Peotia Palmer* Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 58. Stony ridge. Very rare, 
only known before from Palmer's 1887 collection from Guaymas, Mexico. No. 
113. 

PecUs moltisecta Benth. A very common plant on sandy mesas, bright, with numer- 
ous yellow flowers. No. 23. 

Bebbia atrlplioifolia Greene. Very common ; 6 to 8 feet high, with many stems, 
which hang loosely over other plants ; flowers orange-yellow, with pleasant 



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73 

odor. First collected by Xantua (No. 47) aud recently by Brandegee. This 
soatbem form seems distinct from B, Juncea. No. 108. 
Trizia angnstifolia DC. Abont 2 feet bigb. No. 7. 

APOC7NACEJB. 

Valleaia diohotoma Raiz & Pa von. A shrubby plant, 10 to 12 feet bigb, in alkali 
Roil near sea-beaob. Frnit white, *< flowers white," drying orange. No. 89 

ASCLBPIADACEJB. 

AaolepiaaaubolataDeoaisae. '^ Called Yamete." Only collected in flower. Xantus 
(No. 91) collected it in frnit. No. 56. 

POLBMONIACEiB. 

Ii0>«ella cillata L. Only a few poor specimens seen on the edge of ravine, in sandy 
soil under bushes. Corolla blue. The leaves are not so spinosely toothed as in 
the specimens collected by Palmer in 1885. So far as known it has not before 
been reported from Lower California and is rarely collected in Mexico and 
Central America. No. 9. 

H7DROPH7LLACBJB. 

Phacelia acarioaa Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd Ser. II. 185. Grows on sandy 
beaches near the ocean. A very handsome species. No. 105. 

BORRAQINACEJB. 

Cordia sp. ''Very much like C cylindrUtachya, also near C. Palmeri bat leaves too 

crenate.'' S. Watson. No. 39. 
Heliotropiiim parvifoliom DC. Three to four feet high ; flowers yellowish-white. 

In low creek bottoms in shade of trees. Not common. No. 45. 
Bourreria Sonorae Watsou. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 62. A bush 10 to 12 feet 

high, with a few upright and many lateral stems. The large black firuit edible 

and of the taste of hawthorn. No. 113. 
Krynitakia micromerea Gray f This differs somewhat from the northern forms of 

this species, but it seems to be the same as Xantus's No. 76, made a part of this 

species by Gray. No. 111. 
Krynitzkia leiooarpa F. & M. Perhaps this species, but material not sufficient. 

No. 26. 

CONVOLVULACBJB. 

IpomcBa bractaata Cav. No. 69. 

Jacqnemontia abutlloidea Benth. Common along ravines and among thick bushes 
on mesas, climbing about 5 feet high. No. 35. 

Brolvuliis llnifoliuB L. Only a few plants seen. The leaves are very narrow and 
tbe flowers very small, about 2 lines in diameter. The specimens of Palmer's 
from Guaymas have much larger flowers (over 5 lines long) and seem to ap- 
proach E. Arizonicua, Xantu8 collected £. aUinoides at Cape St. Lucas, but 
this species has much broader leaves. No. 1. 

Cuacuta Palmeri Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 64. Parasitic on Euphorbia 
sp. ; found on sandy mesas. No. 90. 

Cuacuta Americana L. t Perhaps new ; the bracts are large and flmbriate. The 
seeds 4, etc. No. 141. 

SOLANACKS. 

flolannm Dnloamara L ''Cultivated, but said to be native." Fifteen feet long, 
climbing. It has long bunches of violet-colored flowers and chocolate-colored 
berries. No. 74. 



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74 

j^>innfim Hindwlannin Bentb. Bot. Salph. p. 30. This species was collected by Xan- 
tas (No. 84), aud referred bv Dr. Gray in Proc. Ainer. Acad. yoI.V, and also in Syn. 
Flora to S, elcBagnifoliumj bat in a recent note he says ** perhaps distinct.'' In 
habit the two are very similar, bat in our species the flowers are mach larger 
(li inches in diameter) as well as the fruit, and on shorter, thicker, aid mostly 
erect pedicels. Dr. Palmer says of it : *^A common upright growing plant with 
few stems and showy light purple flowers.'' Found on mesas. The following 
have been referred to this species : Pringle {IQSA)^ Sonora; Palmer, Guaymas; 
Orcutt (1886) San Quentin. No. 25. 

Phyaalia cnisBifolia Benth. Flowers 6 to B lines broad. Yellow, with a dark eye. 
Anthers yellow, called " tomate capotillo.'^ The fruit is edible. Mr. Brande- 
gee thinks P. glabra should be referred to this species. Our plant is not the 
same as F. glabra of Xantus's collection irom Cape St. Lucas. Only a few plants 
collected, growing under shade of bushes. No. 76. 

lajTCiom nmbellatnm Rose, n. sp. Large, compact, shrubby plant, 8 to 12 feet high, 
with somewhat viscid pubescence : leaves fleshy, oblong to ovate-oblong, 1 to 
H inches long : flowers solitary in the axils of the leaves or in umbellate cluster 
at the end of the branches ; pedicels 4 lines long : calyx 2i lines long, with 
acute lobes : corolla purple, 7 lines long, five>lobed : stamens included, glandn- 
lar-pubesceut at base. — Very common in alkali land or in sand near the beach. 
A species near L, Fremonii of Arizona. No. 13. 

laycium Andersonii Gray f A loose-growing plant, with many stems, 6 to 8 feet 
high: flowers white, berries red, edible: leaves narrowly spatnlate, sometimes 
over an inch long; pedicels of variable length: corolla 4 lines long, the sta- 
mens exserted : fruit smaller than in L, Anderaonii. — Grows in alkaline soil near 
the ocean. No. 101. 

Nlcotiana trlgonophylla Dunal. This is called * ' tobacco cay otte/' and was formerly 
UHcd by the ludians. Common in the sandy arroyos. Formerly referred to N. 
ipomopaiflora (Xantus, No. 88), but in Syn. Flora placed nnder this species. Mr. 
Brandegee, however, keeps it distinct. No. 75. 

SCROPHULARIACEJB. 

Antlrrhinam cyathifenun Benth. This plant has been collected at Magdalena Bay, 
Hinds, Brandegee', Guaymas, Palmer and EcKrenberg; and in Arizona, Pal- 
mer. From the latter collection was made Gray's A, ohgiroapermum (Proc. 
Amer. Acad. vol. XII.), since very properly referred to the above species by 
Mr. Watson. The calyx teeth and length of corolla tubes upon which Gray's 
species was founded are variable characters. A good figure of this species 
appears in the Botany of the Sulphur (t. 19), but the calyx teeth are some- 
what exaggerated. Grows in sandy spots not far from the ocean. "Purple 
flowers, fleshy stems.'' No. 91. 

Conobea intermedia Gray. Plant very rare abnut La Paz on rocky ledges. Corolla 
purple. This is the only specimen we have seen from Lower California. No. 81. 

BiaNONIACEJQ. 

Tecoma stans Juss. A small tree 10 to 15 feet high and 6 to 8 inches in diameter. 
The wood used by the ancient Indians for their bows and arrows, and hence 
the name " Palo -de arco." The large yellow flowers are very fragrant. Com- 
mon along arroyos. No. 70. 

ACANTHACE2EI. 

£lytraria tridentata Yah). Called '^ Cordoncello." Used as a hot tea for pains in 
the stomach. Grows on rocky ridges. No. 6. 



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m 

Calophanes penlnsularis Rose, d. sp. A compact shrobby plaut 4 feet high, bat 
yoang parts and inflorescence glutinous: leaves small (about 1 inch long), 
ovate to ovate-lanceolate on short petioles : flowers axillary or on short lateral 
branches: bracts small, deciduous: calyx 3 lines long, deeply cleft into five 
narrow acute divisions : corolla purple, 15 lines long, regular, with five short 
obtuse lobes, a broad open throat abruptly contracted into a distinct, slender 
tube 5 lines long: stamens didymous ; anthers mucronulate: capsule, including 
the thick solid stipe, 9 lines long, covered with short stipitate glands, 4-seeded 
(two to each cell), these flat and thin. — Common un the mesas about La Paz. 
No. 20. 

Carlo'WTightia oordifolia Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 406. A rare plant, 
growing under shade of bushes on mesas. This plaut differs from the poor 
specimens of the type in the National Herbarium, which has the flowers 
arranged unilaterally along the spike, and the leaves more strongly veined. 
The corolla also is described as being white, while Dr. Palmer writes that 
these are canary color. Mr. Brandegee also referred here a plant from f irther 
north. Dr. Palmer got the type from Batopilas, Mexico. No. 107. 

Beloperone Califomica Benth. Only two plants seen. No. 98 from the edge of an 
arroyo. Only a few slender branches in bloom at the top of the plant, which is 
5 feet high. No. 99, near the bank of a dry creek, was also in poor condition, 
but contained a few capsules as well as flowers. The seeds are smooth (as Mr. 
Brandegee has pointed out) and not " coarsely rugose,'' as stated in Syn. Flora. 
Our seeds are somewhat wrinkled. Nos. 98 and 99. 

Juatioia insolita Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd ser. II. 195. Grows under shade 
of tree^ and bushes. A very handsome plant. No. 40. 

Jnsticia Palmeri Rose, n. sp. About 3 feet high, cinereous, pnberulent : leaves lan- 
ceolate, 2 inches long, on short petioles, glabrous, or with a little appressed 
pubescence: flowers few, on small axillary branches or forming terminal pani- 
cles : bracts 3, foliaceous, spatulate, 3 to 5 lines long, the central one longer 
and broader : calyx small, 1^ lines long, deeply 5-cleft : corolla scarlet, about 
1 inch long, deeply bilabiate, its tube 6 to 7 lines long; lower lip 3-cleft, its 
oblong lobes 3 to 4 lines long ; upper lobe with a slight notch : stamens 2, in- 
serted in the throat; anther cells 2,parallel, unequally inserted, the lower one 
muoronate: capsule glabrous, 7 lines long, the stout stipe a little more tbau 
half its length ; seeds 4, 2 lines long, flattened, cordate orbicular rugose.— The 
seeds of this species are very similar to those of SiphonogloB^a Pilotella Torr., but 
in other respects it is quite different. Found growing in shade on an arroyo. 
Very rare. No. 97. 

Dicliptera reanpinata Juss. Ouly a few specimens found. This is No. 69 of Xantus. 
Mo. 119. 

VERBENACEiB. 

Uppia Palmeri Watson (Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 67), var. apicata Rose, n. var. 
The flowers are arranged in spikes sometimes over an inch long and the whole 
inflorescence is more compact.. It is called ** Origaro'' and is used in cooking 
much as thyme and sage is in the United States, and especially with fish and 
sausage, and sometimes in place of tea. No. 62. 

Lippia sp. Probably new. No. 104. 

LABIATiB. 

Hyptia laniflora Benth'. Bot. Sulphur, p. 42. First collected by Mr. Hinds, and after 
wards by Xantns (No. 71) at Cape St. Lucas, and not since collected until the 
present season. A good plate (t. 20) is found in the Bot. Sulphur. It is 6 to 
8 feet high, with few upright stems and many lateral branches. It has a sage- 
like aroma and a decoction ma<1e from it is used in fevers. The people call it 
"Salvia." Very common. No. 87. 

70811— No 3 2 



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HyptiB tephrodes Gray. Proc. Amer. Aoad. V. 164. A shrub 5 to 8 feet high, but 

described as '^herbaceoasl" With mach the habit of the preceding species. 

Foand in sandy ravines. Before only known from Xantns's collection (No. 72). 

No. 47. 
Salvia privoides Ben tb. Bot. Solphar, p. 150. A Central American and Mexican 

plant extending into the United States ; not before found in Lower California. 

Only a few poor speciiut ns seen nnder shade of bushes on the edge of a ravine. 

The style .branches are as described by Bentham. No. 10. 

AMARANTACEA. 

Celosia florlbunda Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. V. 168. Eight feet high, with a 
few weak steins; lower leaves very different from upper, from 5 to 7 inches long. 
This species was described by Dr. Gray from Xantus^s specimen (No. 98), and 
has not been collected until recently by Mr. Brandegee at Comondu. Common 
plant on borders of ravines and on mesas. Bentham & Hooker, vol. III. 25. 
wrongly credit this species to Moquin. No. 6. 

PH7TOLACCACB2L 

Stegnosperma halimifolia Benth. Bot. Sulphur, p. 17. A large bnshy shmb, 10 
feet high. It is commonly called Amole, as the powdered root is oaed as soap. 
The plant has the reputation uf curing hydrophobia. No. 49. 

LORANTHACEiB. 
Phoradendron, sp. Material insufficient for determination. Only a few leafleea 
branohe8 with terminal black berries collected. No. 138. 

EirPHORBIACE2L' 

Simmondaia Califomica Nutt. Dr. Palmer says " this common shrub is in full 
bloom (January 30) at Guaymas ; in 1887 it was in bloom in October." Na 93. 

PhyllanthuB (Menarda) ciliatoglandulosna Millsp. Proc. Cal. Sci. 2nd series, II. 
219; named from a specimen collected by Mr. T. S. Brandegee on Magdalena 
Island, off the coast. Very typical specimens from ravines in the shade of 
bushes. La Paz. No. 37. 

Argythamnia sericophylla Gray. A compact plant growing on low sandy bottoms. 
No. 44. 

Argythamnia lanceolata Miill. Arg. (1. c. ) Named from a specimen collected at Mag- 
dalena Bay. Sorophytum lanceolalum Benth. Ty|»ical plants from La Paz. 
No. 21. 

Euphorbia ( Aniaophyllom) setiloba Engelm. , var. dentata Engelm. in litt. Named 
from a specimen collected in San Lucas, on the peninsula, by Xantns. Two 
specimens of this variety are in the collection, a very compact form (No. O), 
reminding one immediately of the species, and a much wider spreading in- 
dividual with quite large dentate leaves. Mesas, under trees. No. 34. 

Euphorbia polycarpa Benth. Bot. Snlpb. p. 50; the form E. micromera Boiss. DC., 
Prodr., XV, pt. II, 44. Common on sandy beaches near the ocean. No. 118. 

Euphorbia tomentulosa Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXII. 476. Named from a 
specimen collected at Rosario, in the northern part of the peninsula, by Mr. C. 
R. Orcutt. Small compact plants 46-61'^'" high, found growing upon a stony 
ridge near La Paz. No. 41. 

Etiphorbia involuta Millsp. Proc. Cal. A.oad. 2nd scries, II. 227. On the speci- 
mens of this gathering the larger leaves at the bifurcation of the branches (all 
lost from the type specimens collected by Mr. T. S. Brandegee at Comondu) are 
present. We therefore add to the description of the type, larger leaves, oblong, 
1cm long, 5™n» wide ; petiolate« entire, obtuse, deeply marked in the center with 
a large red blotch similar to that upon the leaves of E, maculata. A. 

' The species of this family were determined by Dr. C. F. Millspaugh. 



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Euphorbia blepharostipula Millsp., n. sp. Fraticose ; branches covered by a thio 
pinkish- white, irregularly shallow-fissnred bark; internodes comparatiyely 
short : leaves short petiolate, ovate-elliptical, obtuse, emarginate or slightly ap- 
iculate-mncronate, pallid beneath ; stipules blephariform dentate and ciliate on 
the free margin : involucres pedicellate in the axils of the leaves, campanulate, 
glabrous without and within ; lobes somewhat triangular, ciliate glands trans- 
versely ovate, brownish- green, concave ; appendages white, orbicular entire : 
ovary glabrous : carpels very strongly keeled: styles bifid to near the base, 
thrice the length of the immature ovary and recurved to its base. — A loosely 
growing shrubby plant. Branches 12-3(K™ long (as collected) ; internodes i-3«". 
leaves 5-12™"* long, 2-5™™ wide. Common on stony ridges, near La Paz. Near 
E. collectioides. No. 43. 

Enphorbip Xanti Engelra. Named from a specimen collected by Xantus at Cape 
San Lucas. A form with variegated (white and rose) appendages and lanceo- 
late leaves 2-3 c™ long and 3-7 ™™ wide. Plants 2-3^ ™ high, with a number 
of stems and but few branches, and having flowers white within and rose col- 
ored without. No. 12. 

Biqphorbia Comondoana Millsp. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd series, II. 229. Named 
from a specimen collected at Comondu, on this peninsula, by Mr. T. S. Brande- 
gee. A rather compact plant 1-1^ ™ ^'^fsi^i found growing among underbrush 
upon mesas. Again we regret the absence of fruit upon the spec imens collected, 
rendering the exact place of this species uncertain. No. 63. 

Euphorbia dentata Mtchx., var. laaloocupa Boiss. DC. Prodr. XV^. 72. Named 
from a specimen in the Herb. Petrop. collected in Tanquesillos by Karwinsky. 
In shade of trees. No. 116. 

Euphorbia eriantha Benth. Bot. Sulph. 51. Named from a specimen collected at 
Magdalena Bay, on the peninsula. A very slender, long-branched form, found 
growing among the underbrush of mesas. No. 46. 

Euphorbia sp. No. 33. 

Jatropha caneBoens MUll., fide S. Watson. No. 106. 

SALICACEiB. 

Mr. M. S. Bebb kindly famishes us the followiug notes on the only 
Willow collected : 

Saliz bonplandiana H. B. K., var. pallida Anders. Monog. Sal. 18, DC. Prodr. 16>, 
200. Salix nigra Marsh. , forma serotina (f ) This appears to bear the same rela- 
tion to more northerly forms of S, nigra which the serotinous state of 8, lasio- 
UpiSf at one time recognized as a good species, does to the normal development 
of typical lasiolepis. The appearance of the aments in the axils of the mature 
leaves is the result of climatic influences, and would seem to be in the former 
instance, as it is well-known to be in the latter, of no significance, not even 
as indicating a variety. The leaves are not thinly puberulous, as they are 
said to be in the type specimens from Mazattan, but this character is so incon- 
stant in forms of this group that its absence only calls for mention because of 
the undue prominence given it in describing S. pallida Kuntb. 

PALMiB. 

VSTashingtonia Bonorse Watson. No. 144. 

ORAMINEiB. 

Heteropogon contortua R. &> S. One specimen found growing upon a rooky 

ledge. No. 122. 
Panicum barblnode Trin. Cane-like grass, 3 to 4 feet high ; the old stems lie npon 

the ground and root at the Joints. Found in a garden. Cattle eat it readily. 

No. 131. 



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Panioum Cnui-galll h., a form. FoaDd only a few plants by a ditch of water in » 

garden. No. 130. 
fitotaila oandata Beau v. Cane-like grass, 4 to 5 feet high. Fonnd in low places 

near dry creeks. No. 125. 
Cenohms Palmer! Vasey. Proc. Cal. Acad., 2nd series, II. 211. Common on low, 

sandy bottoms. No. 132. 
Arlatida Califomica Thnrb. Foond among bnshes on mesas. Na 128. 
Aiiatida diapersa Trio. Habitat as 127. No. 127a. 
Arlatida diaperaa, var.f Fonnd npon rocky hillaides. No. 128. 
Mohlenbergia debilia Trin. Grew in the shade of bnshes and rocks. Na 129. 
Chloria elegana H. B. K. Fonnd in a garden by a water ditch. No. 133. 
Boatelona polyatachya Torr. Found among bnshes on mesas. No. 226. 
Monanthochloe Uttoralia Engelm. Very common in salt marshes. No. 123. 
Diplachne imbricata Thnrb. Grew by a water ditch in a garden. No. 134. 
Eragroatia Purahii Schrad., var. Habitat as 134. No. 135. 
Rhachidospermam Mexicanom Vasey. Bot. Gaz. XV. 106, PI. XII. Fonnd on 

sandy bottoms at a short dist^ance from the ocean, growing sparsely in small 

bunches. A few plants only had seed. No. 124. 

LICHENS. 

The fellowing lichens were determined by Mr. Walter Evans : 

Ramallna complanata Ach. No. 85a. 

Phyacia tribacia Tuckerman. Fonnd near the ocean. Na B5h. 

SAN PEDBO MARTIN ISLAND PLANTS. 

Dr. Palmer visited this island^ two years ap^o, making a collection of 
nineteen species, twelve of which were considered peculiar to the island. 
On February 13 of the present year he spent one day on this island 
and obtained but three plants, all CorapositaB. One is the new genus 
Pelucha of Mr. Watson, now collected in splendid condition and in 
abundance. Another proves to be a new species of HofmHsteria^ and 
the third a Perityle^ new to the island. Dr. Palmer makes the follow- 
ing note with reference to the flora of the island : These plants did not 
bloom during the rainy season of 1887, as they are winter bloomers. 
There is no especial flora making its appearance, as has been snpi>osed, 
during the winter. No rain has fallen since early in November, and all 
plants except those deeply rooted are dry and dead. The following is 
a list of the twenty species known to inhabit the island. Those which 
are peculiar to the island are marked thus.* 

Perityle Emoryi Torr 

Trixis angnstifolia DC, var latinscnla 



*SphsBralcea, sp. 

Abutilon aurantiacnm Wats. 

Petalonyz linearis Greene. 

Mentzelia adhrorens Beuth. 

Echinopepon insnlaris Wats. 

Cerens Pringlei Wats. 

Opuutiaf 

Hofmeisteria laphaniioidesRose, 

Baccharis sarothroides Gray. 

•Pelucha trifida Wats. 



Gray. 
Nicotiana trigonophylla Dnnal. 
Stegnosperma haliniifolia Benth. 
Enphorbia petrina Wats. 
Ficus Palmeri Wats. 
Cypems ariHtatus Rottb. 
Muhlenbergia tenella Trin. 



' For note concerning this island see Watson. Proc. Aiuer. Acad. XXJV. ;J7. 



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Hofineisteiia laphamioides^ Rose, n. sp. Shrabby, 3 feet bigb, gland alar pubes- 
cent : leaves opposite or alternate above, 6 or 8 lines long, on petioles somewbat 
longer, triangnlar, donbly crenate : flowers in small corymbose clusters, some- 
times pedicels very sbort: involucre 4 lines long, of linear-acuminate bracts in 
about 3 series: flowers numerous: corolla white, 2^ to 3 lines long: style 
deeply cleft, much ezserted : pappus of 8 to 10 scabrous setse, alternating witb 
as many paleas.— Very common over the summit of San Pedro Martin Island. 
February 13. . 

Dr. Palmer says: '^A compact plant with dense green leaves just coming 
into bloom/' This plant was collected by Dr. Palmer on the same island (No. 
406) in 1887, but in very poor condition. It is the Laphamia (f) sp., Proc. 
Amer. Acad. XXIV. 37. No. 148. 

Pelacha trifida Watson. Pioc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 55. This plant was described 
as a new genus by Dr. Watson last year. Dr. Palmer has now collected it in 
great abundance. The stems are covered with a white toraentnm, forming a 
strong contrast with the abundant golden- yellow flowers. It has a very strong 
aroma as of cloves and cinnamon, and so powerful is this at times that it causes 
persons to sneeze and cough. No. 150. 

Perityle Exnoryi Torr. This is the same form collected by Dr. Palmer at Los An- 
geles Bay (No. 562), 1887. Only two plants found at the south end of the 
island. No. 149. 

BAZA ISLAND PLANTS. 

Dr. Palmer spent one day (February 12, 1890) on this island, and col- 
lected eight species of Phanerogams with one lichen. The following is 
from his notes : 

Isla Raza is an island 136 miles northwest from Guaymas, and from 45 to 50 miles 
west from San Pedro Martin Island. It is three- fourths of a mile long (from east to 
west) and half a mile wide; it rises about 100 feet above the water; being covered 
with a deposit of guano, it has a whitish appearance. The island is exceedingly 
rocky, except a few low places which seem to have been subjected to the action of 
large volumes of water; these spofs produce a few varieties of plants which are 
naoally found upon alkali soil (some of the same plants were found on the rocky sur- 
faces also). Above these places were found three patches of Cactus. One plant of 
Cerens Pringlei, 10 feet high, stood among loose rocks above high tide. There had 
been no rain-fall on the island for more than a vear. 
Opnntia tunicata Lehm. Our plant seems the same as that of Parry and Palmer's 

distribution ; fruit 6 to 10-jointed. A few small patches seen in exposed places 

among rocks. No. 160. 
Opnntia echinocarpa Engelm. &, Bigel. A few small patches among rooks. Not in 

flower, and but few scattered fruits. No. 161. 
Sesuviom Portnlaoastrum L. A very common plant in large patches near the 

salt water. Dr. Palmer says this plant has been often mistaken for a low 

grass by persons passing the island. In its exposed position and dense green 

color on a barren island of almost total whiteness it would naturally command 

notice by passing vessels. No. 153. 
Salicomia ambigua Michx. Only two small patches of this plant seen near the 

beach. No. 152. 



1 Dr. Palmer has since collected this species at Santa Rosalia, but a more glabrous 
form with the lower leaves oval and with cordate base. The plant is quite bushy, 
2 to 2i feet high, with fleshy leaves, just coming into bloom March 1. 



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Atriplex dilatata Greene. Pitt. 1. 264. Grows on low places on the island withoat 
rocks. No. 155 is the fertile plant, and 156 is the sterile plant. Dr. Palmer 
says the sterile heads are purple before opening. Nos. 155 and 156. 

Atriplex insularia Rose, n. sp. Dioecions, woody below, 5 to 6 feet high, mncb 
branched, glaucous throughout: leaves 9 to 15 lines long, oval with cuneate 
base and broadly spatulate, on short petioles, obtuse or retuse : inflorescence of 
male plant almost naked and a dense panicle of glomernles ; of female plant a 
dense somewhat ieafy spike : bracts a line long, a little broader than long, 
with truncate apex and with small teeth, the sides with two conspicuous toothed 
crests. — One of the commonest plants of the island. It grows in the low places 
where there are no rocks, and in the rocky ledges wherever there is soil. No. 
158 is the ferale plant and 159 the sterile. Our species seems nearest A, Palmeri 
of Guadalupe Island, but is very different in its bracts, etc. Noa. 158 and 159. 

No. 157. An unknown shrub without flowers or fruit, and almost destitute of leaves. 
Only a few plants seen. It resembles Pluohea horealis. 

No. 154. Also, in poor condition, a perennial with many small pnbesoent leaves. 

SANTA BOSALIA AND SANTA AGUEDA PLANTS. 

From San Pedro and Baza Island Dr. Palmer visited two places on 
the eastern side of the peninsula of Lower California, namely, Santa 
Rosalia and Santa Agaeda. At the first-named place he spent ten days 
(February 20 to March 3), and after visiting Santa Agueda returned 
for another day (March 15). This locality is 92 miles nearly northwest 
from Guaymas. The country is hilly and rough, covered with rocks. 
Only two heavy rains have fallen this season ; the strong northwest 
winds which prevail here soon destroyed any indication of rain. Only 
the most favorable circumstances admit of plants blooming at this 
season. 

March 4-5 was spent at Santa Agueda, 10 miles from Santa Bosalia. 
Dr. Palmer says this locality is watered by springs and surrounded by 
low stony mountains, witli a thin, diversified vegetation- that now looks 
parched ; even the cactus is without flowers. The small patches of land 
that can be cultivated afford but few plants, and the great number of 
domestic animals kept here (owing to the springs) devour everything 
outside of the inclosures except what is so absolutely bitter or thorny 
that they can not do so. All the vegetable used by the miners at Santa 
Rosalia are brought from this place. 

CRUCIFERJB. 

Draba SonoraD Greene. Bull. Cal. Acad. II. 59. In an abandoned garden. To this 

species Palmer's 611, from San Quentin, should have been referred. Santa 

Agueda, February 24 to March 3. No. 237. 
Cardaxnine Palmeri Watson. The petals are 3-lobed. ' Found in shade at the edge 

of a garden, Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 244. 
Sisjrmbriam oaneBcena Nutt. Very common. Found in an abandoned garden at 

Santa Agueda, February 24 to March 3. Noa. 238 and 243. 
Lepidiom intermedium Gray. Very common in an abandoned garden, Santa 

Agneda, February 24 to March 3. Not before collected in Lower California. 

No. 234. 



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POLTGALACEiB. 

Xramariaoanescena Gray, var. pauoifolia Rose. Dr. Palmer says it is a sbrnb with 
many branohes, whicb interlace, forming a dense oiass. Tbe older wood is of a 
copper color, and tbe flowers of a pinm color. Tbe wood is said to yield a yel- 
low dye. It imparts a oberry-red to water. It is commonly called ** Mezqai- 
tilla." Santa Agaeda, Marcb 4-6. No. 252. 

TAMARISCINEiB. 

Fouqniera spinosa H. B. K. A tbomy busb 5 to 16 feet high, according to soil, with 
tbe trnuk 1 to 2 feet long and 6 inches in diameter. Tbe flowers are bright scar- 
let, clustered at tbe ends of tbe branches. In tho old plant the bark breaks 
away and gives off a gammy substance. The wood is hard and makes a very 
good fire, and when burning gives off a pleasant odor. Santa Rosalia, March 
15. No. 266. 

MALVACEA. 

SphaBralcea albiflora Rose, n. sp. Two to 2^ feet high ; slender, densely covered 
with white stellate pubescence: leaves oval to ovate, 9 to 18 lines long, 
tbe petiole somewhat shorter, somewhat rugose, subcordate base, crenate mar- 
gin: flowers white, 6 lines broad, in short axillaryclustered racemes: calyx 3 
lines long, with slender acntish lobes: carpel reniform, a full line long, the 
lower part strongly and finely reticulated, tbe upper and sterile pare very 
small. — In a cation growing in shade, near Santa Rosalia, March 3. 

This plant mostly resembles i^. aulphurea of Guadalupe Island in habit and car- 
pellary structure, but tbe pubescence lacks tbe tomentum, tbe calyx lobes not 
so broad ; tbe carpels, while similar, are easily separated ; tbe carpel is slender 
and shorter, with stronger aud finer reticulations and a shorter sterile part. In 
habit rescmbliug 8, axillariSf but with very diflerent carpels. No. 205. 

Sphasraloea violacea Rose, n. sp. Simple stems about 3 feet high, densely covered 
with a stellate pubescence : leaves ovate to lanceolate acuminate, 2 to 2^ incbes 
long: calyx, 2i lines long, its lobes ovate, acute: petals, 5 lines long, lilac: oar- 
pels 1 to 1^ lines long; tbe sterile part about half the length of tbe carpel, 
obtuse. — Growing in shade at Santa Rosalia, Marcb 15, and seemingly not 
oommon. 

Resembling in habit some specimens of S. Fendleri in tbe Gray Herbarinm 
but with very different carpels. Tbe carpels most resemble those of Xantus's 
plant (No. 10) from La Paz, but tbe sterile part of tbe carpel not so large. Na 
206. 

Horslbrdia Newberry! Gray. Four to 6 feet high : lower leaves (including petiole) 5 
to 7 incbes long : flowers goldeu-yellow. Gravelly arroyos and sandy hillsides. 
Santa Rosalia, February 14 to Marcb 3. No. 169. 

AbutUon DugeaU Watson f Proc. Am. Acad. XXI. 447. Santa Rosalia, Marcb 15. 
No. 199. 

STERCX7UACE2L 

Ayenia miorophylla Gray. Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. Na 268. 

MALPIOHIACEiB. 
HiraBa macroptera DC. "Gallinita.^' Tbe roots of this plant are considered of 
medicinal value. Santa Agueda, Marcb 4 to 6. No. 251. 

ZTQOPHTLLACEiB. 
Fa^onia Callfomica Benth. Stems terete ; tbe upper part of the stem closely set 
with subsessile glands. Only a few plants seen and mostly out of bloom and 
dry. On stony ridges. Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 180. 

Tbe same. In sandy spots in siony ravines. " Bloom, crimson-colored." 
Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 196. 



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Fagonia Palmer! n. sp. Stoat perennial, woody at base, 1 to 1^ feet high, more or 
le»8 glandular pubescent : leaves opposite, digitate ; leaflets 5 to 7, linear, witb 
spiny tips, 4 to 5 lines long; sti poles long erect spines: petals 4 lines long, 
deep rose color.— Sauta Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. 

This species very much resembles F. Calijomica in fruit and flowers, but of 
very different habit, leaves, and npright stipules; and in its 5 leaflets differs 
from all the other described species of this genus. Dr. Palmer sajs of it: 
grows in a bunch from several stems 1 to H feet high, the lower ones often 
lie on the ground. It is very spiny. The leaves, especially upon the lower 
two- thirds of tbe plant, have a decided golden hue, which is very noticeable 
at a distance. No. 209. 

RHAMNACEiB. 

Colubrina glabra Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 44. The plant is ranch larger 
than tbe one from Quay mas. It is here a small tree or bush 5 to 12 feet 
high, scrubby in character. The branches are often slender and pendant. Dr. 
Palmer tbinks this is owing to tbe soil and moisture, for in dry and stony places 
they are short and straight-. Only a single plant found in flower, and tbey of a 
yellowish-green color. It is very common in stony gulches. Santa Rosalia, 
March 15. No. 267. 

SAPINDACBiB. 

Panlllnla (7) sp. Climbing or trailing over bushes : leaves 3-foliolate : flowers in small 
clusters : petals 4 : stameus H. Agueda, March 4 io 6. Most of the leaves had 
fallen ; tbe remaining ones closely resemble B, Sonorce, The fruit (immarurr) is 
diflerent and is apparently tuberculate. Only 3 plants seen in a sandy gulch at 
Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 263. 

LBOUMIN082. 

Hoaackia atilgoaa Nutt. The same form as collected by Palmer at Los Angeles Bay 
(602), in 1887. Only three plants found, in a cafion near Santa Rosalia, March 
1. No. 201. 

Dalea Parryi Gray. Santa Rosalia, February 23. No. 181. 

Dalea mollia Bentb. Not common. Sauta Rosalia, February 23. No. 200. 

Dalea Emor3ri t Gray. This seems to be the same glabrous form that Mr. Brandegee 
got ut Santa Mafia. Common in low, saudy places, growing about 3 feet high. 
It yields a yellow dye. Sauta Rosalia, February 24 to March 13. No. 179. 

Dalea megacarpa Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXI. 369. A large bnt>hy plant 2^ 
feet bigh ; flowers yellow, with an agreeable honey-like odor. Common in ar- 
royos. Santa Rosalia, February 24 to Marcb 5. No. 182. 

Tephroaia Purisimae Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd ser. II. 149. Hardly 
distinguishable from T. Palmeri except in the purple floweis. It was about 
past flowering March 1, when Dr. Palmer visited this region. It grows sparsely 
in a cation near Santa Rosalia. No. 198. 

Parkinsonia microphylla Torr. Called "Lebon" (T) Dr. Palmer says the young 
branches are much relished by domestic animals and are largely gathered by 
the natives for this purpose. No. 265. 

Cassia Coveaii Gray. Branching at base, 3 to 5 feet high ; a free bloomer. The pods 
about 8 in a compact cluster. The stipules are longer than described, being 
5 to 6 lines long. The pubescence is of a yellowish hue. Dr. Palmer says it 
differs from the Guaymas form and in appearance U somewhat different from 
our herbarium specimens. Palmer'8 Los Angelos plant (557 of 1887) is the same 
as this one. Santa RoHalia, March 5. No. 192. 



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Pithecolobiaiiiy sp. A large tree growing near water, with a tmnk 5 feet long and 
8 inches in diameter, with an immeoHe top oat of all proportion to the trunk, 
and a great profasion of yellow, rather sweet-scented, flowers. A usefal wood. 
The flowers in capitate clnsters on pednncles I to 2 inches lonjjT* The numerous 
short stametfs are uniteil into a very short tnhe ; the ovary on a stipe of twice 
its length. The generic position of this species is doubtful, but its connate 
stameus forming a tube places it iu fientham's sectiou Inge». Santa Agueda, 
March 4 to 6. No. 261. 

ONAGRACBiB. 

Qbiothera oardiophylla Torr. One and one-half feet high ; growing in shade. 
*' Bloom yellow;^ drying reddish. Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. 
No. 204. 

LOASACEJB. 

Mentselia adhaerens Benth. Only 6ne plant seen and this in a garden. Santa 

Agneda, March 4 to 6. No. 254. 
Petalonyx lioearis Greene. A bushy plant 3 feet high. Common in the arroyos 

near the sea. Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 189. 

RUBIACEiB. 

HotiBtonia brevipes Rose n. sp. About I foot high, branching, smooth : leaves fili- 
form, 9 to 12 lines long; stipules small, with 1 or2set»: pedicels 2 to 3 lines^ 
long or wanting: calyx in flower 1 line long; in fruit 2 lines long, With 4 acute 
divisions: corolla pink, with slender tube 3 lines long, and lobes 2 lines long : 
capsules globular, about one-third free from the calyx, about 40 seeded.— Only 
a single specimen collected near Santa Rosalia, in a oafion, February 24 Uy 
March 3. 

This species seems nearest H, longipeSj but with more numerous seed, etc. 
No. 202. 

COMPOSITiB. 

Btofineiateria laphamioidea Rose. Grows in shade of rocks (see page 79) Santa 
Rosiilia, March 1. No. 208. 

Hofineiateria pubeacens Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 54. Akenes often with 
3 setse. ** A compact roundish plant growing in crevices of rocks and shady 
recesses of hills, mountains, and along shady sides of arroyos. When exposed 
the leaves are larger aud more fleshy. The wood is brittle: bloom ligtit pink, 
rather sweet scented; free bloomer. The very dry surroundings cause this 
plant to be very noticeable." Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 178. 

Biickellia braohiata Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXL 385. This differs from the 
type in being glabrous. The plant is eaten readily by d3mestic animals, and it 
was hard to find good botanical specimens, although the plant is very common. 
Santa Rosalia, March 15. No. 269. 

Piaohea camphorata DC. Commonly called ^'Canela, " the Spanish of cinnamon, 
which the smell of the flowers is considered to resemble. When growing among 
bushes and on the outskirts of gardens where there 'is plenty of moisture it is 
8 to 10 feet high. Just coming into bloom, Santa Agneda, March 4 to 6. No. 253. 

Gtoaphalinm Sprengelii Hook, dc Arn. In an old garden, Santa A.gueda, March 4 
to 6. No. 235. 

Hymenoclea Balaola T. &. G. A loose-growing bushy plant, 4 feet high. In caSon 
near Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 4. No. 197. 

Franseria ambroaioidea Cav. Commonly called *'Chicoria." The plant when 
cooked in oil is much used apd e««teemed for local application in rheumatism. 
Common in waste places along wet ditches. Santa Agneda, March 4 to 6. 
No. 229. 



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Heliopsis bupthalmoides Dnnal. Only a single specimen found in a moist spot 
at the edj^e of a garden, Sauta Agaeda, March 4 to 6. No. 230. 

Bclipta alba Hasskarl. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 228. 

Viguiera deltoidea Gray, var. Parishii Rose. About two feet high. Collected at 
the edge of garden among rocks, Santa Agaeda, March 4 to 6. No. 250. 

Leptosyne parthenioides Gray. var. disaecta Watson. Only a few plants seen aloni^ 
the edge of ditches in a garden, Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 248. 

Perityle Emoryi Torr. Santa Rosalia, March 4 to 6. No. 184. 

Perityle deltoidea Watson. Collected growing with P. Emoryi. No. 185. 

Perityle aurea Rose n. sp. About 10 inches high, much branched and spreading, some- 
what pubescent and glandular: lower leaves broader than long, an inch broad, ir- 
regularly lobed and serrate ; upper leaves becoming very small : rays yellow : disk 
corolla with slender tube abruptly passing into the swollen tubular compana- 
late throat: style broader, slender, with slender acuminate appendages : akenes 
small (a line long), linear and straight, with ciliate margins : the pappus of a 
crown of united squamells with fimbriate edge and a short awn. — SantaRosaJia, 
February 24 to March 3. 

It resembles P, Emoryi most in habit and akenes, but its yellow rays, more 
swollen corolla throat, slenderer, less granular corolla tube and style tips 
keep it out of this species. It grows with /'. deltoidea, but of different habit, 
leaves, style tips, etc. No. 185 ^ 

Perityle Fitchil Torr. Only a single plant seen ; this under an overhanging rock at 
the outer edge of a garden. This plant is evidently taller than the species has 
been described, as branches which Dr. Palmer has collected are 15 or more 
inches long ; many of the leaves opposite. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. 
No. 247. 

Porophyllom craBaifolium Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 57. The plant is 
deep-green, which attracts attention, as the few associated plants are now 
dry and dead. The leaves are very fleshy and the plant has a strong aroma 
of the cultivated R%e. Grows in cafions near the seu. Santa Rosalia, Febru- 
ary 24 to March 3. No. 177. 

Bebbia jonoea Greene. The leaves are not entire, but strongly toothed or lobed. 
The involucral bracts are very short and ovate. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. 
No. 249. 

Snoelia farinosa Gray. Very common plant everywhere, but only in sheltered 
places, and where there was plenty of moisture, was the plant found in bloom. 
Rays bright yellow ; free bloomer. No animal eats it. Santa Rosalia, Feb- 
ruary 24 to March 3. No. 186. 

Peacephyllom Schottii Gray. The pappus in our plant is different firom Gray's de- 
scriptiou ; it is of two kinds; the outer and shorter is composed of numerous 
capillary bristles, the inner of long linear pale» with strong mid rib. Santa 
Rosalia, March 1. No, 207. 

PLUMBAOINACXL2B. 

Plumbago aoandena L. Only a single plant in an old garden, Sknta Agueda, 
March 4 to 6. No.^33. 

PRIMULACEiB. 

Samolua ebracteatus H. B. K. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 256. 

APOCTNACEiB. 

Valleaia dichotomaRuiz &Pavon. Called '^ Welatave." Common; sea beaohea, 
and near akali spots. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 260. 



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ASCLEPIDACBA. 

Pbillbertia linearis Gray, var. heterophylla Gray. Only one small plant fonnd 
in a garden at Santa Agneda, March 4 to 6. No. 231. 

Aaclepias albicana Watson. Proc. Amer Acad. XXIV. r)9. Santa Rosalia, February 
24 to March 3. Also collected by Orcntt, 1889, from the Colorado Desert, Cali- 
fornia. No. 193. 

HTDROPH7LLACEJB. 

Pbacelia acariosa Brandegee. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 236. 
Nama demisBom Gray. In an old garden, Santa Agaeda, March 4 to 6. No. 240. 
Blliaia chrysanthemilblia Benth. Probably from an old garden at Santa Agueda. 
No. 239. 

BORRAGINACEiB. 

Coldenia caneaoena DC. Flowers rose-colored. On stony mesas and arroyos. 
Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 195. 

Toumefortia oapitata Mait. &. Gal. A shrub 4 feet high, with many branches and 
a profusion of white flowers which are as sweet scented as the cultivated helio- 
trope. ** Berries of a waxy-white color, and pulpy." Only 4 plants seen in a 
garden, Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 246. 

Krynitmkia, sp. In an old garden, Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 241. 

Krynitzkia, sp. With the last. No. 242. 

Krjrnitzkia racemoaa Gi^eene Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 188. 

Xrynitskia peninaularia Rose, n. sp. Several feet high, compact, and bnshy ; older 
stem of grayish color, with a coarse, more or less compressed pubescence : 
leaves numerous, especially on the short lateral branches, linear, 9 lines or 
less long, pubescence papillose at base : spike more or less elongated, leafy 
bracteate: pedicels short, erect: calyx 3 lines long, deeply cleft into linear 
divisions: corolla white, 4 lines broad: nutlets 4, about a line long, with a 
large oval or triangular soar on the ventral side, below the middle ; the ven- 
tral angle sharp. — A common plant in a peculiar cafion in a gypsum mountain 
near Santa Rosalia, February 23 to March 3. 
This is a peculiar species belonging to Gray's section AmhlynotM, No. 203. 

SOLANACEA. 

Iiyoiiuii, sp. Flowers 4-merous. A bush 5 to 6 feet high ; flowers purple. In stony 
ravine, Santa Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. No. 183. 

SCROPHXTLARIACEiB. 

Mtmiilua lutetis L. In a waste field, Santa Agueda, March 3 to 5. No. 833. 

ACANTHACEiB. 

Oalpphanea Califomioa Rose, n. sp. A very branching shrub, 3 to 4 feet high ; older 
stems white ; younger stems and leaves glutinous pubescent : leaves lanceolate, 
about an inch long entire: calyx deeply cleft into loBg slender lobes 6 to 8 
lines long: corolla purple, 2 inches long with a broad open throat, abruptly 
contracted into a slender tube 1 inch long: stamens mncronate at base: 
posterior lobe of style short but evident, the anterior long filiform: capsule 9 
to 10 lines long, including the style: seeds 4, flat and thin. — Collected at 
8anta Rosalia, February 24 to March 3. 

The stickiness and odor is much like that of green tobacco. It has very large, 
handsome flowers. It resembles very much some species of BttelliCf but has the 
mncronnlate anthers and 4-seeded capsule of Calophane$. No. 190. 



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Beloperone Califomlca Benth. Aboat 3 feet high, growing in stony gnlehes. 
Grazing aDimals will not eat it. Banta Agaeda, March 4 to 6, No. 255. 

Berginia Palmer! Rose, n. sp. A foot and a half high, very shrabby : largest leaves 
broadly ovat-e to oblong, an inch long, 6 to 9 lines broa<l : spikes rather dense, 
I to 2 inches long, glandular : corolla pink : seeds flattened (not mgoae) pub- 
erulent. 

A careful comparison of the type specimens as found in the Gray Herbarinm 
of Pringleophytum lanceolatum and B, virgata convinces ns that they are the 
same species. Mr. Brandegee, in his paper on the plants from Baja California* 
suggested that the two were probably the same. No. 272. 

VERBBNACEiB. 

Lippia faatigiata Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. 2nd seriej, II. 196. "Damiana." It 
has a wide medioiual reputation It is much used by the common people in 
place of China tea. The flowers are pinkish and purple. Santa Agneda, 
March 4 to 6. No. 264. 

NTCTAGINACEJB. 

Boerhaavla vlsoosa Lag. Only a few plants seen at the edge of a garden, Santa 

Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 225. 
Boerhaavla aoandena L. Only two plants seen in a stony ravine. Flowers a 

creamy white. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 262. 

CHENOPODIACBJB. 

Atilplex Barclayana Dietr., form. But a single plant found, in alkali ground, Santa 
Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 259. 

POL7GK>NACRZL 
Pterostegia drymarioidea F. & M. Santa Rosalia, March 15. No. 271. 

EirPHORBIACB2L 

Euphorbia, sp. Very common. Santa Rosalia, March 3. No. 187. 
Euphorbia, sp. Common in the outer edge of a garden, Santa Agneda, Maroh 4 to 6. 
No. 245. 

URTICACBJB. 

FicuB Palmeri Watson. Proc. Anier. Acad. XXIV. 77. The leaves somewhat larger 
than originally described; sometimes 4 inches long by 3 broad: found growing 
in a crevice in the pure gypsum, without any apparent soil : the trunk only 
about 6 inches in diameter. Santa Rosalia, February 27 to March 3. No. 210. 

NAIADACEJB. 
Potamogeton peotinatua L. A very common plant at Santa Agueda. No, 226. 

TTPHACEiB. 

Typha anguatifolia L. Called Tule. Much used in covering houses and for which 
it is largely gathered aud sold by the common people. The stems are often IS 
feet high. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 212. 

PHTTOL ACC ACHS. 

Stegnoaperma hallmifolia Benth. A large, loose-growing shrub, 5 to 10 feet high. 
Common near the sea beach. Santa Agueda, March 4 to 6. No. 258. 



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ORAMINKS. 

PaBpalom diatichiim L. This plant grows upoa alkali soil along water ditches, and 
even iu the water ; much alkali causes the ranners to become reddish. It grows 
fre«fly where sugar cane Is raised, if not destroyed by cultivation ; most of the 
specimens were from an unfavorable situation. Commonly called '* Gramma. " 
Iz is considered of value as a medicinal plant, being used for kidney troubles 
and gonorrhea. No. 214. 

Panioiun aangainale L. Found upon the top of the embankment to a water ditch ; 
only a few plants seen. No. 222. 

Panicum colonum L. Found in a field where sugar cane had been raised at some 
past time, and which was being replanted. No. 223. 

Cenchrus ecliinatna L. ''Pests of every garden; no animal will eat it after it 
blooms." No. 220. 

Azistidabromoides H. B. K,/orm. No. 270. 

Muhlenbergia debilis Trin. Kather abundant in the shade of plants ; in a moist 
place in a garden. No. 217. 

SporoboloB argutufl Kuntb. Habitat same as 223. No. 224. 

A£;roBtia verticillata Triu. Grows on banks of ditches, hanging over to the water. 
Only one specimen found iu a garden. No. 221. 

Diplaohne imbricata Thurb. Found in a garden. Only these specimens seen. No. 
216. 

Phragmites communis Trin. '' Near the water the cane grows from 20 to 25 feet 
high, the lower part being very slender for the height, as the specimens show. 
Domestic animals devour it. It is used for various purposes by the natives. 
Tliey cut it to certain lengths, and having split it, beat it flat and then weave 
it in and out, making a large square mat, with which they form sides or ends of 
the houses; they place it over the rafters before the tule thatch is put on; 
they use it to cover verandas, and also for screens for doors." No. 211. 

EragroBtis major Host. Found in garden. The only specimens seen. No. 215. 

Brag^ostis Purshii Schrad. Common among alfalfa ; but few of the plants were in 
good condition. No. 218. 

Distichlis maritima (f ) form. *' Grows in thick masses in wet alkali soils ; saw much 
that was cut to feed animals, which was twice the size of these specimens, but 
they had no flowers or seed ; these were the best to be had ; foand on a dry 
spot on the outer edge of a garden." No. 219. 



PLANTS COLLEOTBD AT GUAYMAS. 

The plants collected at Gaaymas were obtained at several different 
times. No very extensive collection was made at this time, as this re- 
gion was so thoroughly examined in 1887; yet in spite of this former 
almost exhaustive collection this region still yields some new species 
and others of great interest. Of this latter class is to be mentioned 
Prasopis heteraphylla Bentham, now for the first time obtained in flower, 
and SphdcrcUcea Covlteri Gray. 

fipbaexaloea Cotdtexi Qray.' A little annaal 2 to 6 inches high, growing scatteringly 
among oth^r small plants on sandy plains near Quaymas. The flowers are 
small bnt qaite showy, of "bright amber color," but in dried specimens rose- 
colored. 'Hie specimens are not in fruit, but Dr. Watson has kindly sent me 



^Dr. Palmer has sinoe sent fi:aiting specimens of this species, leaving no doubt as 
U>itBidenti^. 



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the specimens of these species in the Gray Herb., and it is clearly the same 6. 
Coulteri. It differs widely from all other Sphceralcea in habit as well as carpels. 
The locality at which Coalter collected this species is doabtfal, and it is 
as probable he got it at Guaymas as in either California or Arizona, Febmary 13 
to 17. No. 171. 

Zisyphus obtnsifolia Gray. A loose-growing, thorny shrob, generally foond in 
mesqnit tliiokets ; frnit black. Febraary 15 to 17. Na 162* 

Sapindos marginatas Willd. In coltivation at Guaymas. No. 176. 

Cassalpinia Palmeri Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXI V. 47. Dr. Palmer says: 
Abundant plant, blooming now (February 11) with as much freedom as it 
does in the rainy season. No. 70 of 1887 collection. No. 146. 

Coorsetia glandulosa Gray. In our remarks on this species from La Paz, p. 68, we 
mentioned that C. miorophylla should probably be referred to this species. A care- 
ful examination of a large supply of material from Guaymas convinces ns that 
the two species are the same. C. glandulosa was collected by Xantus frt>m the 
extreme point of Lower California in flower, with merely the old leaves remain 
ing. C. microphylla came from Pringle's Arizonian collection, and is somewhat 
more advanced with the small leaves, but the older and larger ones gone. The 
leaflets of this species are very variable, and the two forms are sometimes to 
be found on the same specimens. In most of the specimens, sent the leaflets 
are as in C. microphyllay small (1 to 3 lines), long sericeous pubescent, while on 
the same plant we find the large (7 lines long by 3 to 4 lines broad) almost glab- 
rous leaflets of the original C. glandulosa : the flowers are white, becoming- rose- 
colored. A very common shrub in gravelly arroyos about Guaymas. It is 4 to 
6 feet high, with several stems from the base aixd somewhat spreading. A very 
profuse bloomer. February 15 to 17. . It seems also to have been collected here 
by Palmer without flowers or fr^it in 1887, but not reported by Mr. Watson. 
No. 163. 

Parkinsonia Torreyana Watson. About 15 feet high with large top : flowers yellow. 
Dr. Palmer says that as the flowers open the leaves fall and the plant remains 
without leaves until the seeds are mature. No. 275. 

Acacia Willardiana Rose.* A slender tree, 10 to 15 feet high, with few drooping 
branches, glabrous, and without spines of any kind : leaves with minnte, de- 
ciduous stipules^ petioles phyllodia-like, 3 to 12 inches long by 1 line broad, 
either naked or with mostly 1, sometimes 2, and rarely 4 pairs of ptnnse at the 
tip ; leaflets where present 4 to 5 pairs, sometimes 12 to 15, somewhat fleshy, 
indistinctly 1 to 2 nerved, 1 to 2^ lines long, abruptly acute, glabrous or minutely 
pilose, as also the petioles and younger parts of the stem : the inflorescence a 
panicle of slender spikes terminating the slender branches: spikes 2 inches long; 
flowers yellow : calyx companulate, about a line long, with 5 broad obtuse 
teeth : petals a little longer, distinct to the base, oblong to cuneate oblung, 
obtuse or abruptly acute: stamens 140 to 150. ^'Legumen planum, rectum, 
4^ poUicare, 5 liu. laterum." Prosopis (T) heterophylla Benth. Loud. Jour. Bot. 



^ While reading the proof of this paper a letter comes from Dr, Palmer, nnder date 
of September 10, 1890, inclosing two mature legumes of this species, which now for 
the first time have been collected, and may be described as follows : 

Legume glabrous, oblong to linear oblong, 2 to 4 inches long, 5 to 7 lines broad, ob- 
tuse at tip, cuneate at base, extending into the short stipe; some constricted, others 
not at all, membranaceous, with delicate irregular reticulations; seeds brownish, 
oval to oblong, 4 to 5 lines long. 

The numerous filaments are still present in these mature specimens, forming a white 
Iringe surrounding the stipe, and it is a little strange that they had not been observed 
by Benthan, who bad the immature legumes. 

Only two mature legumes were found, all the others having been killed by the hot 
winds of June. Dr. Palmer says " this was confirmed by my own observation, for an 
entire day was spent among Acacia Willardiana and I only found two pods.*' 



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(1846), Y. 82; Kev. Mim., 379. Watson, Index, 252; and Proo. Amer. Acad. 
XXIV. 48. Hemsley Biol. Centr.-Amer. I. 344. 

Uab. ''Sonora alta iu Mexico, Coulter;" Guaymas, Palmer (No. 628), 1887^ 
and now from the ** rocky islands and ledges on the coast of Gaaymas har- 
bor." 

The collection of this plant in dower for the first time enables as to de- 
cide its generic position. It was collected by Dr. Thomas Coulter fifty or more 
years ago, bat only in frait, and there is apparently bat a single specimen in 
existence, which is in the herbarium of Trinity CoUege, Dublin. It was found 
by Mr. Bentham when on a visit to this herbarium, and was described by him 
in 1846 in the Lond. Jour. Hot. as a new species of Proaopie, It was doubtfully 
referred bore, however, and its possible reference to Ao<icia was mentioned. 
Palmer's specimen of 1887 was without flower or fruit, and Mr. Watson could 
do no more than identify it as Bentbam's species. Although in habit the species 
of the two genera are similar, with the flowers the two are readily and clearly 
separated, Pro9opia having always ten stamens, while in Acacia they are numer- 
ous, and in ours decidedly so, being 140 to 150. There are several little points 
of difference between Bentham's description and our plant, which should be 
noted here,but the general characters are so clear as to leave no doubt as to 
the identity of the two plants. Bentham says " stipuIsB obsolete, " while we 
find small but deciduous stipules; also ** pinnse 2, rarius 4," while in none of 
our specimens do we find more than one pair ; again '' foliola 12 to 15 juga," 
while ours are mostly 4 to 6, a few are 10 to 15. The young branches are white, as 
mentioned by Bentham, but in age become a grey or reddish brown. Unfor- 
tanately a new name must be coined for the species, A, heteropkylla having 
long before (1805) been used*by Willd^now; neither can it be named for either 
of the collectors. Coulter or Palmer, as they both have species named for them 
in the genus; nor for Mr. Bentham, who, although not so fortunate, is repre- 
sented in the synonomy of this genus. At the request of Dr. Palmer we have 
named this species for Mr. Alex. Willard, United States consul at Guaymas, 
Mexico, who has given every aid possible to him on his several visits at that 
place. No. 164. 
C«reiis peoten-aboriginum Engelm. in Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. XXI. 429. The 
flowers of this species are collected now for the first time,, and the following 
additional characters are supplementary to the description found in Mr. Watson's 
paper referred to above. 

Flowers 2 to 3 inches long : ovary closely covered with dense soft hair, with- 
out spines or rarely a few : sepals purplish, succulent : petals white, fleshy : 
stameas very numerous : style with ten linear stigmas with spiny tips. 

The plants grow 30 feet high and a foot or more in diameter, with many 
branches. The fruit is formed at or near the top. No. 274. 
Hofmeisteria oraaaifolia Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 53. Found on an 
island in th's barbor at Gaaymas, growing near the water. Very sweet scented. 
No. 165. 
Hyzneaatherum cooclnetim Gray. The type collected by Pringle at Tucson, Arizona, 
(1884), and we believe not since obtained. Dr. Palmer finds it very common 
on a sandy, gravelly plain, in exposed places. It has a strong odtir. February 
15 to 17, near Guaymas. No. 168. 
JPectls Conlteri Gray. Found in sandy, gravelly plains near Guaymas, February 

15 to 17. No. 173. 
CordUa Watson! Rose, n. sp. Besides the differences given by Mr. Watson, the fol- 
lowing characters furnished by the mature fruit clearly set this off from C. 
Greggii : The fruiting calyx of different shape, almost globose (4 to 5 lines in di- 
ameter) and not closely inclosing the fruit, but loosely and somewhat inflated : 
pubescent instead of strigose : the fruit much larger, with thick, bony walls in- 
stead of thin orustaceous. 



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Cordia Greggii Tort., var. Palmeri Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 61. 
Mr. Watson's varietal narae can not be used, as it has already been given to 
another species. We take pleasure in dedicating this species to him, as he 
has partially pointed oat the difference from C. OreggH^ and I have no donbt 
woald have separated it at the time had the fruiting material been at band. 
No. 174. 

Krynitzkia, np. Qnaymas, February 15 to 17. No. 169. 

Phacelia Bcarlosa Brandegee. A few plants found on the edge of an island, Febmary 
If) to 17. No. 146. 

Kama demiasum Gray. Common on gravelly plains about Ouaymas, February 15 
to 17. No. 172. 

-Qilia (Eugllia) Sonorae Rose, n. sp. A small annual, 1 to 3 inches high, branching 
and somewhat spreading, pu hern lent throughont: leaves alternate, pinnate ; 
segments linear, acute: calyx 2 lines long; sepals green, connected by scar- 
reus margins f their length : corolla of the same length or a little longer, bat 
slightly spreading, whita, with a pinkish tinge : stamens included, inserted very 
near the base of corolla: capsule 2 lines long, seeds 16 to IH in the cell. 
Grows in great profusion on sandy plains near G nay mas. Perhaps nearest 0, 
companulala Gray. February 15 to 17. No. 170. 

CiirptocarpTUi (?) capitatus Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 71. No. 175. 

AmarantuB Palmeri Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. XXIV. 71. Some very small forma 
collected in a garden near Guaymas, February 11. No. 147. 

EragroBtis Porshii Schrad. Growing near water-ditch. Gaaymas, Febraary 11. 
No. 145. 

Aristida bromoides H. B. K. No. 273. 

No. 167. This is 179 of Palmer's collection, also obtained by Xantas and Brandegee. 
Its generic position is not known. 

The leaves are narrowly to broadly linear, 3 to 5 inches long, 2 to 6 lines 
broad : fruit round and black. 

Dr. Palmer says the tree sheds its leaves just as it is ready to bloom; the 
young ones appear at the ends of the branches as the flowers expand, and are 
fall grown when the fruit is ripe. At first he was of the opinion that the shed- 
ding of the leaves was caused by the trees growing in dry, rocky places, with 
little or no soil, as these being in full bloom (probably brought on by the heavy 
rains which had fallen a few weeks before), while those in deep soil were in 
full leaf and had yet not shown even a flower bud. He visited Gnayraas a 
month afterward (March 15) and found the trees growing in deeper soil were 
then in bloom and had just dropped their leaves also; he believes, therefore^ 
that the falling of the old leaves at blooming is a natural character. 

It is surprising that a tree of such size and of such wide distribution baa for 
so long been and still remains unknown to botanists. A letter from Dr. Palmer 
of recent date (September 10th) states that he has been unable to get fruit of 
this plant, the dry hot wind of June having killed the young frnit. 



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LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY DR. EDWARD PALMER IN 
WESTERN MEXICO AND ARIZONA IN 1890. 



By J. N. Rose. 



The plants upon which this report is based were collected by Dr. 
Palmer, in 1890, in Mexico and Arizona. Dr. Palmer returned to 
Oaaymas March 18, after finishing his collection at Santa Bosalia;^ 
from this place he went to Alamos, remaining three weeks, and then 
retamed to Ouaymas; from here he proceeded to Arizona, staying 
three months, and then went to San Francisco and remained until 
August 23, when he again left for the Oulf of California, expecting to 
land at Carmen Island, but owing to some regulations of the custom 
ofBcials of Mexico he was carried to Ouaymas. He was planning 
again to visit Carmen Island,' when an opportunity offered to return 
to Alamos, and as he was desirous of getting the summer as well as 
the winter flora, he postponed the trip to Carmen Island and embarked 
by steamer for Agiabampo, the seaport of Alamos. This second trip to 
Alamos lasted two weeks, and was very successful, notwithstanding it 
was interrupted by a severe attack of intermittent fever, which com- 
pelled him to return to the seacoast. 

The total number of new si>ecies collected by Dr. Palmer and reported 
in this paper is 45, with several new varieties. 

The following table will show the places visited, with the date of col- 
lection and the number of plants: 



Places visited. 



I If oantaln 
Cmbp Hoaehaca, Arizona .... 

Willow ^>riBga» Ariaona 

Vort Apache 

Willow Springs 



Date of collection. 



March 26 to April 8 
Apnl2«to May 21. 

June 10 to 20 

Jane 21 to 30 

July 5 to6 

September IG to 30. 



Number collected. 



276-414 (inclnsive). 
416-478 (inclusive). 
479-574 (inclusive). 
575-613 (incliiHive). 
613-626 (inclusive). 
627-751 (inclusive) and 812. 



'The report of this trip is to be fonnd on pp. 80 to 87. 

'It will interest tlio^ who have been following Dr. Palmer in his valuable work in 
lower California and Mexico, to know that he has since visited Carmen Island and 
made large collections at Agiabampo and in the State of Colima, which will be re- 
ported upon in a future number of these contributions. 

[June 30, 1891.] 

91 



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I wish to express here my thanks to Dr. George Vasey, Botanist of 
the Agricultural Department, under whose direction this report has 
been prepared, and whose ready familiarity with North American 
plants has been a great source of help ; to Dr. Sereno Watson and his 
assistant, Dr. B. F. Eobinson, for courtesies shown me while at, Gray 
Herbarium ; to Mr. Wm. M. Canby for the generous loaning of many 
plants, and for aid in difficult determinations ; and to various special- 
ists, both at home and abroad, who have given help in their separate 
lines, which is credited in the proper place in the text. 

PLANTS OOLLEOTED AT ALAMOS. 

Alamos or Los Alamos is a mining town of about 10,000 inhabitants, sit. 
uated 180 miles southeast from Guaymas. Its altitude is 1,275 feet above 
sea level. Two visits were made here, one in the dry season, March 26 
to April 8; the other during the rainy season, September 16 to 30. The 
flora of the two seasons is very different, and only 8 or 10 species 
are duplicated in the two collections. The collection in the spring 
yielded about 130 species (Nos. 276 to 414) ; of these, 18 are new. The 
fall collection contained about 120 species, 25 of which are new. The 
following interesting facts are gathered from Dr. Palmer's notes. The 
beginning and ending of the rainy season varies somewhat; generally it 
commences in July and lasts until the first week of October. After the 
first good rains vegetation springs up as by magic, grows rapidly, then 
disappears nearly as quickly as it came ; it is at its best in August. 
The soil is mostly poor and rocky except in the valley. 

While at Alamos, Dr. Palmer visited the Alamos Sierra or Sierra de 
los Alamos, a mountain 6 miles due south of the town of Alamos. Of 
the 75 species collected here 13 were indeterminable ; of the 62 remain- 
ing ones 18, or more than one- fourth, are new. The total number of 
species collected at Alamos and vicinity was 263, of which 36 were inde- 
terminable^ and of the 227 remaining 43 are new. Among the plants of 
this collection are many very beautiful ones which should claim the at- 
tention of cultivators. Of these we cite: Heterapterya PortillanOj a 
recent species described by Mr. Watson. This is especially attractive 
for its large clusters of red fruit. It is very common at Alamos and 
could easily be obtained for cultivation. 

Oalphimia Humboldtianaj a rare plant in herbaria, is a common and 
attractive shrub of the mountains here. It is 6 to 8 feet high, with a 
handsome top,large racemes of yellow flowers, and attractive foliage. 

Cordia Sonorce is a new species, a very beautiful shrub or small tree, 
and an abundant bloomer. 

> It is proper to state here that tbe reason so many of these plants are not deter- 
mined is because Dr. Palmer collected a number in the dry season, which were not in 
a proper condition, hoping to supplement them in the rainy season; but he was unable 
to recollet them. 



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Contrib. Nat. Herb., Vol. I. PLATE II 



StELLARIA MONTANA, n. up. 



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93 

Tababouia Palmeri, another new species, is a conspicuous tree of this 
region. It grows to the height of 25 feet and produces large clusters of 
flowers. 

Three or four of the Ipomoeas are very attractive ; one is a tree 30 
feet high ; another is a climbing shrub (/. bracteata) with large conspic- 
uous bracts which give the plant a very showy appearance; two other 
new species are high climbing vines. 



ClematiB Dmmmondii T. aad G. Very oommon, olimbiDg over treea, bashes, and 
fences along water courses at Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 2^A, 

Siflymbrium, sp. A little annaal 3 to 5 inches high, with the foliage of S, canescenif 
bat glabrous; flowers white. Seed collected at Alamos in September. Letter F. 
Plants grown in greenhouse at Washington. The seed is called *'Pamita:'' 
mixed with Salvia seed, steeped and sweetened, it forms a cooling drink. 

Helianthemum glomeratnm Lag. This plant grows under pines at the summit of 
the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 342. 

Polygala glochidiata H. B. K. Upper leaves alternate; flowers rose-color. Grows 
among grass and other plants iu the shade of a wall. Alamos, September 16 to 
30. No. 743. 

Stellaria montana, n. sp. Slender, diffuse, about 1 foot high, glandular-pubescent: 
leaves^ to 1| inches long, spatulate to oblanceoUte, acute to abruptly acumi- 
nate: inflorescence open; pedicels slender : sepals .5, ovate, 1| lines long: petals 
white, bifid, 2 lines long: stamens 10: styles 4: capsule a little longer than 
the petals, 8-cleft, the carpels rolled back: seeds numerous, tuberculate. — Moist 
places near water courses from the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. 
Ko. 293. A species much resembling S.prostratay but with very different leaves, 
pubescence, etc. 
Explanation op Plate II. — The lower part of plant aod a braoch showing Inflorescenoe ; a, capsule ; 

6. calyx, petal, and 3 stamens; o, seed. Diseotions all much enlarged. 

Fouquiera spinosa H. B. K. A small tree producing large bunches of scarlet 
flowers at the end of the branches. It is called '^Torote Verde." The Indians 
and poorer people use the bark instead of soap, especially for washing blankets 
and woolen goods. Dr. Palmer thinks this plant is different from the Santa 
Rosalia plant, which I have (Cont. Nat. Herb. I. 81) referred to the above species. 
Near Alamos, March 26 to April 8. No. 306. 

Sida Alamosana Watson, n. sp. ined. ** Flowers orange-color." A single plant with 
few stems was found in the shade of rocks of a cafion. Alamos, Sept. 16 to 30. 
No. 683. 

Sida cordlfolia L. A foot and a half to three feet high, compact, bushy, with short 
and dense stellate pubescence and long silky hairs: leaves densely stellate- 
pubescent, about the length of the petiole or longer, 1 to 1^ inches long, cordate, 
crenately-toothed ; stipules long, setaceous, early deciduous : flowers on short 
pe<lnncle8 or in small glomerate clusters: calyx 3 lines long, cleft to the middle, 
its lobes ovate and 3-Derved: petals glabrous, 4 lines long, creamy yellow, with a 
light brown or scarlet base: styles 5 or 6: carpels 5 or 6, slightly reticulated, 
obtuse, 1 line long.— Grows in good soil, in shade, at the base of the Alamos 
Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 301. Also, September 16 to 30. No. 752. 
It differs from S, cordi/olia in having bnt 5 to 6 carpels, obtuse, and reticulated, 
while the trne S. oordifolia has 10 to 12 carpels hardly reticulated and either bi-aris- 
tate or hi -dentate. 

Sida difEuaa H. B. K. Its long stems lie prostrate npon the ground : flowers yel- 
low. It grows on stony ridges near Alamos. Sept 16 to 30. No. 713. 

Abutilon Jacquini Don. (?) Collected near Alamos. September 16 to 30. D. 



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Abutilon incanum Don. Flowers lavender ; common in shade of bnsbes and rocks 
along wooded hillsides; near Alamos. March 20 to April 8. No. 381. 

Abutilou incanum Don. Two and one-half to three feet high ; flowers very nnmer- 
ons and somewhat variable in color ; petals mostly pnrple at basCi but either 
white, orange, or pnrple above. A very common plant abont Alamos. Septem- 
ber 16 to 30. Nos. 650,651, 653. 

Waltheria Americana L. About 3 feet high : flowers yellow. This plant is very 
common on the grassy bottoms about Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 643. 

Waltheria detousa Gray. Flowers orange-colored. A small plant abont a foot 
high. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 390. 

Ayenia pusilla L. Grows sparsely in shady woods near Alamos. September 16 to 
30. No. 662. 
With this is a very narrow leaved form. No. 661. 

Ayenia paniculata, n. sp. A shrub abont 2 feet high : leaves 2i to 3 inches long 
(on petioles 1^ inches long), oval and obtuse to ovate and acute, truncate at base 
and coarsely serrate; pubescence beneath white, dense, close, and stellate ; above 
green and scanty : flowers either in the axils of the leaves or in naked panicles 
above: sepals brown, linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3^ lines long : petals orbic- 
ular, 2-lobed, each lobe 2 to 3-dentate : anthers 3-celled : frnit 4 to 5 lines broad, 
5 to 7-lobed, covered with short, blunt prickles, shorter than in J. ^faftra.— Very 
rare at Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 644 in part. 

Ayenia truncata, u. sp. Shrnbby : leaves ovate, slightly acuminate, truncate at 
base, 1 to li inches long, crenately toothed, nearly glabrous : pedicels 3 to 4 lines 
long: frnit about 3 lines in diameter, clothed with a fine stellate pubescence and 
short blunt spines : seeds oblong, black, 1^ to 2 lines long, less rugose than in A. 
filifolia, — Very rare at Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 644a. It is nearest A, 
glabra, but has smaller leaves and these truncate at base and less acuminate at 
tip, etc. 

Triumfetta semitriloba L. Grows under bushes about Alamos. September 20 to 30. 
No. 642. 

Heliocarpus atteuuatus Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 420. A small tree 10 feet 
high, 2 inches in diameter, with a compact top. On stony mountain side near 
Alamos. No. 732 (only in fruit). No 647 (just past flowering). 

Another plant, of which but one specimen was seen, having the leaves and in- 
florescence of this species, seems to be the same, but it is a small bush with white 
flowers and 20 stamens. Collected on a hillside near Alamos. September 16 to 
30. No. 733. 

Heliocaxpus polyandrus Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 420. A large shrub 8 feet 
high : the stem with brown flaky bark : larger leaves, 6 inches or more long by 
4 inches broad, on petioles 3 to 4 inches long : sepals 3| lines long, greenish yel- 
low : petals 2 lines long: stamens 45, long and conspicuous. — Alamos. Septem- 
ber 16 to 30. No. 629. 

Bunchosia Sonorensis, n. sp. Five to ten feet high, with many woody branches; 
older branches glabrate and with reddish -brown bark ; younger branches, leaves, 
and inflorescence with short soft pubescence : leaves glandless at base but with a 
few scattered glands on the lower surface, oval and obtuse to lanceolate and 
acute, li to 2 inches long : racemes 1 to 4 inches long ; peduncles 3 to 8 lines long ; 
pedicels thick, 2 lines long, in fruit 4 lines long, glandular at base : calyx small 
with 5 ovate lobes, bearing 10 large glands : corolla yellow ; petals 3 lines long, 
with long claws: stamens 10, glabrous, connate at base: styles united: ovary 
sericeous-pubescent : drupe ^ inch in diameter, somewhat 2-lobed, 2-pyrenou8, 
"light amber," becoming dark red. — On level places and ridges where there is 
plenty of soil. Alamos. No. 322. Dr. Palmer says this plant is a large bush 
with numerous yellow flowers. It is considered poisonous and is not eaten by 
man. bird, or beast, but at night a large moth feeds upon its delicate juices. 



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95 

Echinopterys Lappula Jobs. The leaves of this plant are quite variable, sometimes 
obtase, a$(ain tbe upper ones acuminate. This is the same as Palmer's Guaymas 
(1887) plant referred here by Watson, diftering only slightly from his description. 
Our plant differs considerably in habit, being a climbing shrub covering the tops 
of surrounding bushes. Alamos. No. 404. 
Galphimia Humboldtiana Benth. Dr. Palmer says: "It is the most beautiful 
plant of the mountain, forming a conspicuous object along the arroyos. It grows 
6 to 8 feet high with one or more stems and a compact top of numerous racemes 
of bright yellow flowers as if polished, changing by age to light brown ; this 
double coloring of the flowers contrasts strongly with the dark green of the leaves 
and gives it a just claim for cultivation.'' Mountains about Alamos. March 20 
to April 8. No. 284. 
Heteropterys Portillana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 402. This species was 
described from flowering specimens only, and as both flowers and fruit are now 
at hand additional characters are here appended. Flower buds pink to rose-col- 
ored: styles 3: stoara puberulent, 1 to 3 mostly 2, rarely 3, with several lateral 
crests ; the dorsal wing 9 lines long. Dr. Palmer says the fruit, which is of a 
shiny brick-red color, grows in large masses, making it very attractive, and he 
considers it a valuable plant for cultivation. A very common plant about Alamos 
growing over brush and bushes especially along water-courses and in caflous. 
September 16 to 30. No. 655 in flower and No. 656 in fruit. The only other time 
it has been collected was by Dr. Palmer at Baranoa, Jalisco, in 1886. 
Tribtilas maxinms L. Called "goeonduna" and is used for the cure of insect and 
reptile bites. Common at Alamos but not collected; grows on rich bottom at 
Agiabampo. October 3 to 15. No. 786. 
Tribulus grandifloms B. <& H. Flowers orange with red blotches at base. In rich 
bottom, common at Alamos but not collected. Agiabampo. October 3 to 15. 
No. 783. 
Gheranium sp. The single specimen is without flower or fruit. Collected in a shady 

ravine near the top of the mountain. No. 357. 
Wimmerla confuaa Hemsley, Diag. PI. Nov. Fasc. i. 6. A large shrub or small 

tree, sometimes 4 inches in diameter. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 618. 
Ceanothus biudfoliua Willd., fide Mrs. Brandegee. Alamos Mountain. March 25 

to April 8. No. 336. 
Oouania Domingenaia L. A climbing shrub. Plants mostly in fruit, only a few 
flowers were found and those were canary color. Common along cafions and 
water-courses. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 675 (flowers). No. 676 
(fruit). Collected also in fruit, March 25 to April 8. No. 323. 
Sexjania Mezicana Willd. A climbing plant with long slender stems with scat- 
tered short prickles: flowers sweet-scented, white, in racemes 3 to 4 inches long. 
Dr. Palmer says the Mexicans use the stem to tie wood, grass, etc., into bundles, 
its strength and pliability making it very applicable for such purposes. It is 
called **quirote culebra." Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 363. 
Vitia A.rizonica Engelm. Probably this species. Only collected in flower. The 
fruit is said to be of no value. Only two plants seen. Found climbing over 
rocks, along a. water-course, half way up the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to 
April 8. No. 296. 
Rhtia Palmerl, n. sp. Large shrub or small tree, 5 inches in diameter, 6 to 15 feet 
high, with large loosely-hanging top ; branches puberulent : leaves pinnate ; 
rhachis not winged ; leaflets 5 to 13 mostly 9 to 11, elliptical-oblong, 1^ to 2 inches 
long, acute, mucronate-tipped, appressed, pubescent: panicle terminal, 3 to 5 
inches long: flowers unknown: berries glabrous, red, 3 to 5 lines in diameter, 
acid, very vis^/id. — Along a water-course half way up the Alamos Mountain, 
March 26 to April 8. No. 321. Although not in flower this is evidently a Rhus 
and seemingly nearest R, juglandifolia Willd. of Southern Mexico, but the leaf- 
lets are smaller and pubescent. 



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Crotalaria ovaliB Parsh. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 712. 

Indigofera Anil L. This is a small plant 1 to 1^ feet high with dark bronze colored 
leaves. Pods few, shorter than in oar herbariam specimens, and almost straight. 
Collected under pines and oaks on the snromitof the monntain March 26 to April 
8. No. 35S. Common along rayines at Alamos, March 25 to April 8. No. 311. 

Hosackia Alamosana,' n. sp. Procumbent^ rooting at the joints, glabrous or the 
younger parts with appressed hairs: leaves 3 to 5-pinnate; stipules 1 to 2 lines 
long, foliaceons, ovate, acute; leaflets obovate, obtuse, 2 to 5 lines long: 
peduncles slender, 2 to 4 inches long, 1 to 4-flowered, mostly 2 : bracts I, seta- 
ceous : flowers small 2 to 3 lines long : calyx tube less than a line long ; its lobes 
almost as long and very narrow: corolla yellow : pods 10 to 15 lines long, terete, 
erect, 12 to 15-seeded; seeds turgid, oblong, lucid. — Halfway up the mountain 
in a wet spot. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 400. Dr. Palmer says : ** The 
plant roots at every joint and forms a thick sod." The plant is nearest H. angus- 
HfoUa of Mexico, but differs from it especially in its procumbent habit; its fewer 
and obtuse leaflets ; smaller flowers and bracts. It is questionable, whether 
Seempnn'8(No. 121 of Botany Herald) broader leaved form from this same range 
of mountains may not really be our plant. Mr. Hemsley (Biol. Cent.-Amer. i. 
234), who has probably seen Seemann's plant, however, kept it as a possible 
variety of J7. angustifolia and refers to it Parry and Palmer's No. 140, which is a 
very different plant from ours. 
It diflers from H. repens Don. (which species Mr. Hemsley has omitted in the Biol. 

Cent.-Amer.) in its fewer leaflets (1 to 3 pairs), and these not mucronulate; heads 

fewer flowered (mostly 2, rarely 4) ; and glabrous calyx. 

Hosackia puberula Benth. A slender plant, under oaks and pines. Alamos 
Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 343. 

tSysenhardtia orthocarpa Watson, Proc. Anier. Acad. xvii. 339. A small tree 10 
to 15 feet high, sometimes 6 to 8 inches in diameter : flowers white. Called '* Palo 
dulce." The wood steeped in water makes a sweet, refreshing drink, much rel- 
ished by fever patients. In the Alamos Monntain. March 26 to April 8. No. 
354. 

Dalea nutans Willd. Three to five feet high, with slender hanging branches. Very 
common in the upper portion of the mountain. The branches are often used by 
the Mexicans for brooms. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 385. 

Dalea 'Wislizeni Gray. Three feet high, with drooping tendency : flowers of a 
bright mauve color. Not common. Collected in the upper part of the Alamos 
Mountain, March 26 to April 8. No. 282. 

Dalea Domingensis DC. Two to three feet high: leaflets somewhat larger than in 
type. Only a few plants seen near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 380. Also 
September 16 to 30. Letter C. 

Dalea calycosa Gray. It grows on stony ridges close to the ground, almost hidden 
from view in the grass. Flowers white at first, becoming pinkish when drying. 

Dalea laevigata Gray. (T) Four to five feet high, without leaves : flowers white. 
Very common in the mountain. Dr. Palmer says that the branches are made 
into brooms by the Mexicans and sold in the markets at Alamos. March 25 to 
April 8. No. 853. 

Dalea Parryi Torr. and Gray. A loose growing plant about 3 feet high. Common on 
hillsides about Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 739. 

Brongniartia podalyrioides H. B. K. A shrub 8 to 10 feet high, 3 to 4 inches in 
diameter : leaflets 5 to 7 pairs. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 658. 

It differs from B. galegoides^ which it resembles somewhat in the flowers being 
axillary not racemose; the leaflets larger, with cuneate base. 

Uf Hosackia is to be referred to Lotus as advocated by Mr. E. L. Greene, Pitt, 
n. 133, this should be L. Alamosanua. 



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Contrib Nat. Herb . Vol I PLATE III. 



DiPHYSA RACEMOSA. n. &p. 



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97 

Brone;niartia Palmerl, n. sp. Shrab, 1^ to 2^ feet high, glabrons; branches villoas- 
pubescent: leaves 2 to 3 inches long; stipales large, 6 to 8 lines long, ovate; 
leaflets 6 to 8 pairs, oblong, appendiculate, glabrous above, with villous hairs 
along the margins and midrib below : inflorescence in a terminal raceme ; flowers 
mostly 3 to 5 in the axils of stipnlar bracts : peduncles 9 lines long, enlarged 
below the calyx : calyx 6 lines long ; its two npper lobes high connate : petals 
purplish : pods 1^ to 2| inches long, glabrous and glauoons, oblong, tapering at 
base, 3 to 6-seeded : seeds 3 to 4 lines long. — Rare, only a few plants seen near 
the base of the mountain. Alamos, March 26 to April 8. Ko. 300. In B. gaUgoidea 
tho npper bracts are small, leaflets larger, etc. 

Diphysa racemosa, n. sp.* Five to ten feet high, the younger parts, foliage and in- 
florescence, very viscid, granular : leaflets 9 to 17, oblong, small, 3 lines or more 
long : racemes axillary 8 inches or more long : pedicels 4 lines long : 2 bractlets 
at base of flowers, oval, 3 lines long : calyx about 6 lines long, the slender tube 
below the disk 2 lines long : legume on a stipe 6 lines long, oblong, 1^ inches 
long, f inch broad. — Hill-slopes, in deep soil near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. 
No. 295. The wood is very hard and yellowish, covered with a dark-brown bark 
abundantly spotted with many horizontal lenticles. This is both in flower and 
fruit. It is almost gummy and emits a most disagreeable odor. 

ExPLAMATiON OF Plxtb IIL— SIbwB raoemos aod foliage i a, legume; 6, aeotion of stem with 
lenticles. All natural size. 

CourBetia glandulosa Gray. A large scraggy bush with several stems. The stems 
are often covered with a thick coating of gum. Dr. Palmer says it has great 
medical value. The gum dissolved in water with sugar is used as a drink in 
cases of colds and fevers, and as a remedy for consumption it is highly extolled. 
It is sold in the drug stores at a dollar per pound, under the name of*' Guma So- 
nora.-' The plant is known as ''Samo prieto." It grows at the base of the 
mount>aius m the gulleys. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 333. 

'Willardia, n. gen. Calyx trnncate with small equal teeth. Petals equal ; vexillum 
orbicular spreading; wings falcate-oblong; keel slightly incurved. Vexillary 
stamen connate into a tube with the others except at base; anthers uniform. 
Ovary sub-sessile with several ovules ; style incurved, glabrous or with a few 
hairs at base ; stigma capitate, minute. Legume linear-oblong, strongly com- 
pressed, continuous within : seeds reniform, strongly compressed. A small tree: 
leaves imparipinnate ; leaflets definite, entire, exstipellate. Stipules obsolete. 
Racemes axillary. Flowers "lilac." 

This plant was first named and described as a CourBetia by Dr. Watson, to 
which genus it is closely related. The type specimens, however, were only in 
fruit and it was doubtfully referred as above. The colleotion by Dr. Palmer of 
an abundance of flowers shows a still greater divergence and demands the estab- 
lishment of a new genus. 

It differs from Coureetia especially in its truncate calyx and glabrous style. 
Its position, however (according to Dr. P. Taubert*), seems nearest Lennea, from 
which it differs in its styfe and more membranaceous pod. 

It resembles Sahinea in its calyx but differs in having racemes of flowers, and 
also from this as well as all the other BohiniecB except the above two, in its con- 
nate stamens. 

At the request of Dr. Edward Palmer I have named this genus for his old 
and valued friend, Hon. Alexander Willard, who for twenty-five years has rep- 
resented our Government as consul at Guaymas, and has aided Dr. Palmer with 
his various collections from this region. 

> I am under many obligations to Dr. P. Taubert, of Berlin, who is preparing and 
will soon issue the Leguminosss in Die Natiirlichen Pflanzenfamilien, for confirming 
my observationB and adding new information. 



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Willardia Mexlcana. Small trees 10 to 30 feet high, very straight, with smooth 
bark and 1 foot or more in diameter: leaves (only a few of the old ones remain- 
ing) 4 to 7 pairs, oblong-elliptical, obtnse at each end or subemarginate, 8 to 15 
lines long, 6 to 8 lines broad, finely and softly pubescent, especially beneath : 
racemes somewhat paniculate many-flowered : ^ calyx 2 lines long with very abort 
teeth : petals 5 lines long : stamen tube truncate at apex : ovules 8 to 10, pods 
very thin, narrowed at each end, 2 to 5 inches long, 4 to 6 lines wide, more or less 
constricted, dehiscent : seeds 5 lines long, smooth and shining, pale salmon color. 
—In flower March 25 to April 8 (No. 332), in fruit September 16 to 30 (No. 717;. 
Also collected in SW. Chihuahua in 1884 by Palmer. CourseHa (f) Mexieana 
Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 424. * 

Called "Nesco " or " polo piojo. " 

Common in the Alamos Mountain, where it ia much nsed by the miners for 
''props.'' Only two trees seen near the base of the mountain. The treee near 
the settlements are mostly destroyed. 

Deamodium plicatom Schl. and Ch. The plant has two or three slender stems and 
a few loose, hanging branches: racemes axillary or terminal, 6 to 8 inches long: 
flowers in verticillate clusters, crimson, becoming dark purple when dry. On the 
side of a ravine in the upper portion of the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to 
April 8. No. 347. W^have not seen a descriptfbn of this plant, but it corresponds 
with Bourgeau's plant referred here by Hemsley. 

Rhynchoaia precatoria DC. (T) This plant seems to belong to this species and to 
be different from B. phaseoloideSj to which it is often referred by authors. The 
latter species can be distinguished by its glabrous shining pods and large flowers. 
Several very similar forms have been referred to B, phaseoloidea by Mr. Watson, 
and while the two, as represented in the National Museum, seem distinct, a 
fuller representation may show they are the same species. Along a river bank 
near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 378. 

ErioBema grandiflomm Seem. About 1 foot high. Only a single plant seen. At 
the base of the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 360. 

NisBolia Schottii Gray. A climbing shrub, glabrous, leaves alternate; leaflets 5, 
thin, oblong to obovate (6 to 10 lines long), obtuse with appendiculate tip : flowers 
axillary, 2 to 5 (T) in a cluster : fruit 10 lines long, 1 to 2-seeded. This shrub was 
found climbing over fences, etc., about Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 638. 

Piscidia mollis, n. sp. Apparently a second species of this genus. A tree 15 to 25 feet 
high, a foot in diameter : leaves 11 to 13 pinnate ; leaflets elliptical or broad 
lanceolate, acute, hoary, veins prominent beneath, indistinct above : fruit 4- 
winged, 2 somewhat abortive. — Common on ridges and plains about Alamos 
March 26 to April 8. No. 355. Called " palo bianco," from the excessively white 
appearance of the tree. 

Parkinaonia aculeata L. Called " Guacoporo.'' A shrub 10 to 15 feet high. Com- 
mon along river banks, ravines, etc. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 375. 

Casaia Tora L. One of the commonest plants of the legion and found everywhere 
in waste places, especially in sandy soil. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 738. 

Caaaia biflora L. One to one and a half feet high. Grows on wooded hills about 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 393. September 16 to 30. Letter B. 

Casaia emarginata L. A small tree 10 to 15 feet high, with a very large top. The 
abundance of orange-colored flowers makes it an attractive tree. This is the 
same as Palmer's No. 210, Chihuahua, 1885. Near Alamos. March 26 to April 
8. No. 299. 

^ All the flowers were more or less infested by a little encysted insect which Mr. L. 
O. Howard has described as a new genus Tanaostigma. For a description and an 
interesting account of this insect see Insect Life, vol. ii. 



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Mimosa (Leptostachyae) Palmeri, n. sp. Large, bushy shrub, 8 to 10 feet high, 
thomless or with a few infra-stipular spines; the younger branches fuscous- 
pubescent: loaves large, with setaceous stipules; rhachis 4 to 8 inches long, 
deeply grooved; pinnae with small stipels, 6 to 16 pairs, oblong-oblique l^to2i 
lines long, appressed pubescent above and below : spikes (2 to 4 inches long) 
axillary or racemose, corolla pinkish, its lobes pubescent and spreading: stamens 
10 : ovary with reddish-brown pubescence, tipped with a long, slender style. — 
This shrub was only found in flower, and these mostly in terminal racemes 6 to 8 
inches long. The buds and flowers are pink and very showy and sweet-scented. 
Near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 628. This plant comes nearest to M. 
Wrighiii^ but with larger and more open leaves and with different pubescence. 

Acaoia pennatula Benth. In these specimens the peduncles are very short (3 to 
6 lines long), while those of Pringle from Jalisco (1889), referred here by Mr. 
Watson, have peduncles sometimes 1\ inches long. No fruit accompanies these 
specimens. Commonly called ''Algaroba.'^ It is a small tree with a very broad 
top. The flowers are very numerous, orange-colored, and very fragrant. 

Acacia malacophylla Benth. var. microphylla Watson. Our plant seems to be fhe 
same as Pringle^s Sonoran specimens collected in 1884. We have not seen Mr. 
Watson's description of this variety. Dr. Palmer says it is a small tree resem- 
bling the mesquit. It is nearly exterminated ; about settlements it is much used 
for ftiel. Near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 315. 

Acacia (f ) sp. A large bushy shrub with several stems, 8 to 10 feet high, with a 
large top, somewhat thorny : pinnae 4 to 8 pairs ; leaflets 8 to 10 pairs, oblong, 2 
to 3 lines long : heads on peduncles \ inch long : pods with 6 to 10 deep constric- 
tions, margin thick and breaking away from the valves. Alamos. September 16 
to 30. No. 627. This shrub is probably of this genus, but as it is only in fruit 
its generic position ts doubtful. The pods seem to ally it with A, constricta, 

Leucaena lanceolata Watson., Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 427. A large bushy shrub 8 
to 10 feet high, glabrous or nearly so throughout : pinnss 4 to 6 pairs with a small 
gland between or at the base of the upper pair ; leaflets 3 to 6, glabrate or nearly 
so : pods erect, 6 inches long tapering at base into a stipe (6 to 8 lines long) gla- 
brous, marked with cross partitions. L, lanceolata was described from flowering 
specimens and ours is in f^uit. It seems nearest that species but differs from the 
description in most of the above particulars and lacks the large gland on the 
petioles. In a cafion near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 718. 

Lyailoma Watsoni, n. sp. A small tree 10 feet high, 3 inches in diameter; branches, 
rhachis and leaflets densely cinereous-pubescent : leaves large ; rhachis 5 to 6 
inches long ; pinnse 8, 2 to 5 inches long ; leaflets 30 to 45, thick, oblong, 2 to 4 
lines long, obtuse, with midrib somewhat excentrio : legumes single or two or 
three in a cluster, oblong, 5 to 8 inches long, 10 to 12 lines broad, tapering at 
base into a stipe, 6 to 12 lines long and abruptly narrowing into a spiny tip 6 
lines long ; the exocarp first breaks away from the persistent margin : seeds ob- 
long-oval, 4| lines long, brownish with a darker elliptical mark on each side. Ala- 
mos. September 16 to 30. No. 664. — Dr. Palmer says this tree has a symmetrical 
top. It was only seen in fruit. With this species I am inclined to refer Palmer's No. 
88 (1886) from Barancaof the State of Jalisco referred to ^^Lysiloma (t) sp." by Mr. 
Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 410. Palmer's No. 88 is simply in flower and 
the leaflets, immature, are smaller and described as glabrous. Even in fruiting 
specimens there is considerable difference in the size of the leaflets. The pubes- 
cence is developed by age. No. 88, which appears to be glabrous even under 
an ordinary lens, shows under the high power the nascent pubescence. The 
stipules are wanting in my specimens, and the tips of the leaflets are a little dif- 
ferent from Mr. Watson's specimeu but in other respects it seems to be the same. 
This well-marked new species belongs to Mr. Bentham's second section of this 
genus. It may well bear the name of Mr. Watson, who has characterized but 
not named the species. 



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Lysiloma Acaptdcensls Benth., var. breviapicata, d. yar. A large tree, 30 to 40 
feet high, 1 foot or more io diameter : spikes very short, 6 to 10 lines long.— Oar 
specimens are without frnit but seem to differ from this species only in the very 
short spikes of flowers. Near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 317. Palmer's 
plant from Jalisco (1885) is a shrub only 12 feet high. Pringle (1889) has col- 
lected the species in fruit from the same region. The trees are fast disappearing. 
Dr. Palmer says it resembles the Mesqnit and is a good durable wood and makes 
a fine shade tree. Called ** Tepehuaje." 

Pithecolobium Mezicanumi n. sp. Small tree, 15 to 20 feet high, 1 foot in diame- 
ter : leaves with straight stipular spines (sometimes wanting) 1 line long ; pinnte 
2 to 5 pairs; leaflets 5 to 10 pairs, oblong, 2 to 4 lines long, midribs a little ec- 
centric, pubernlent, as is also the rhachis and branches : inflorescence panicnlate ; 
flowers in heads, pedicellate ; pedicels 1 to 2 lines long : calyx | line long : corolla 
li lines long; the petals spreading or reflexed : stamens long, nnmerous : legumes 
oblong, somewhat constricted, 3 to 4 inches long, 1 inch broad, straight, its valves 
not elastic nor revolnte : seeds 2, oval, 2 to 4 lines long.— In the Alamos Mountain. 
• March 26 to April 8. No. 297. Seeming nearest P. albican» Benth., but peculiar 
in its pedicelled flowers. Commonly called ''Chino.'' The tree has much the 
habit of the Mesquit and is valuable for its wood ; it is now rarely seen and is fast 
becoming exterminated. 

Sedum Alamosanum Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxv. 148. This is the type, the 
descriptions being drawn from the vegetative plant. The floral characters are 
here appended: Racemes 2 to8-flowered: flowers pinkish; sepals 1 line long: 
petals li to 2 lines long : stamens 10. Collected on the side of a ravine, half way 
up the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 273. 

Gronovla acandena L. This plant climbs over bushes and to the tox»8 of the highest 
trees. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 630. 

Cuphea calcarata Benth. (f ) Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 729. 

Sohizooarpum Palmerl Cogniaux and Rose, n. sp. Stem long and slender with short 
closd pubescence, intermixed with long scattered hairs, or becoming glabrate: 
leaves 1 to 4 inchealong, onpetiolesof about equal length, entire to deeply 3-lobed : 
male flowers on peduncles 1 inch or more long, large, solitary, axillary, yellow ; 
calyx short, tubular below, its lobes filiform ; corolla funnel-form ; stamens 3 with 
distended filaments and with anthers elongated, more or less curved ; pistil 
none: fertile flowers subsessile; calyx and corolla as in male-flower; ovary 
glandular-pubescent, oblique, oblong, long rostrate, two-celled, each cell with 
10 looelli in two rows ; style slender 2 to 3 lines long, with large bilobed stigma; 
ovules in the locelli, solitary ascending (I) ; frnit 1| inches long, turgid, ovoid, 
indehiscent or bursting irregularly, glabrous; seeds 3 to 4 lines long, glabrous, 
black, flattened, tapering to an obtuse apex. — Climbs over fences and bushes 
along water-courses and in cafions near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 725. 

Echinopepon^ cirrhopedunculatua, n.sp. Stems slender, climbing over bushes, 
glabrous except a bunch of white hairs at the nodes : leaves variable from orbic- 
ular with deep sinus and shallow lobes, to ovate with deep lobes and almost 
truncate base ; the lobes and apex spiny tipped ; the upper surface white papillose 
with short spiny hairs on the veins, below somewhat scabrous; petiole abont the 
length of the leaves, spinescent with a cluster of white hairs at the base of the 

1 There is still considerable difference of opinion among botanists as to the claims 
of this group to generic rank. As held by Cogniaux and other distinguished botan- 
ists this should be referred to Echinocystia cirrhopedonctilata. He says, however, 
there is reason for either course — '* vous verrez que j'ai 6t6 longtemps ind6cis avant de 
r6unir oes deux genres dans ma monographic : on peut donner de bonnes raisons 
pour la r6union, et aussi pour la separation." Still others would refer this to 
Micrampelia cirrhopedunculata., claiming that Rafinesque's genus should be substi- 
tuted for Eckinooy9ii$, See Pitt. ii. 127, etc 



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blade* sterile flowers on racemes with slender peduncles longer tban the leavef: 
pedicels filiform 6 to 9 lines long: flowers small (li to 2 lines broad), white, an- 
thers 5, with straight cells: female flowers solitary on long thread-like pedicels 
(3 to 6 inches long) which coil like a tendril : frait including the beaked oper- 
cnlnm (glabrous, deciduous) 8 lines long; the base covered with long slender 
spines: cells 2, each containing 2 seeds: seeds ascending, 2\ lines long.—Coni- 
mon abont Alamos, climbing over bushes and fences. September 16 to 30. No. 
634. A. peculiar species in its long oirrhiform pednncles. Prof. A. Cogniaux, 
who has kindly looked over my plant, makes the following note: Votre Echino- 
pepon noaveau est bien curieux et diff^re beaucoup de tons les autres, surtont 
par son tr^s-long pMnncule filiforme. Je crois qnMl faudra le placer pr^ de mon 
Echiuoeyatii iorquata (Monogr., p. 803), avec lequel il n'a cependant pas tropde 
rapports. 

Explanation op Platb IV.— The plant Ib sbowo nataral size; a, seed; b, flower; both much 
enlarged. 

Sicyosperma gracile Gray. This plant is fonnd along water-courses, climbing over 
bnsbes and fences. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 723. . 

Sechiopais triquetra Naud. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 736. 

Begonia Falmeri Watson. Proc.Amer. Acad. xxi. 429. Leaves not lobed: flowers 
white. Grows in a mountain cation near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 708. 

Cerena, sp. About 4 feet high : flowers salmon-colored, very numerous. Quite 
common at Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 335. 

Eryngimu nasturtilfolium Juss. The fruit of this species is covered with small, 
linear scales, except at the top ; here they are broad, ovate, mncronate ; the apex 
is extended into a beak as long as the ovary. Only a few plants found in moist 
places near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 302. 

Aralia pnbescens DC. f Tree-like plant 5 to 7 feet high, H inches in diameter 
with thick corky bark; branches few, horizontal: branches and inflorescence 
pnberaleut : racemes terminal, compound, 3 to 6 inches long: styles 5, tardily 
separating: fruit 2 lines in diameter. Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. 
No. 351. A. pubeaoens has been considered by Benth. & Hook., Gray and Wat- 
son, and most other writers as simply a form of A, humilis and our plant may 
properly belong to that species. In the absence of leaves, however, it is difficult 
to decide Just what species it is, and if distinct from A, humilis 1 am not 
altogether sure that it is J. pubeacens, 

Chiococca racemosa L. An upright-growing shrub, 6 feet high. The leaves are 
somewhat smaller than any specimens in the National Herbarium. Grows on 
hillside near Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 735. 

Spermacoce aaperifolia Mart. & Gal. Collected near Alamos; without number 
(distributed under letter C). Sept. 16 to 30. Said to have been obtained in March 
aU>o, but specimens are lost. 

Vemonla (?) Falmeri, n. sp. A bush with many stems, 4 to 5 feet high, closely seri- 
ceous-pubescent : leaves lanceolate, 3 to 6 inches long, entire : inflorescence form- 
ing large pyramidal clusters: involucre cylindrical, or 3 or 5 series of bracts: 
corolla white with slender proper tube and narrow lobes : akenes turbinate, pu- 
bescent. — Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 387. Very abundant half way up 
the mountain side. 

Stevia trifida Lag. Only a few plants seen. Found near a water-oonrse half way 
np the Alamos mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 287. 

Stevia sabpubescena Lag. One to two feet high, bushy: flowers white. High part 
of the mountain under shade of oaks and pines. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. 
No. 386. 

Bnpatoritim, sp. About 2 feet high : leaves 1 to li inches long, ovate, slightly toothed, 
under surface densely covered with minute glands: involucre cylindrical, with 
3 or 4 rows of closely imbricated bracts. Only found half way up the monntain. 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 359. 



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Bupatorium pauperoulum Gray. Stem 18 inches to 2 feet high : infloresoenoe corvm- 
bose : flowers creamy white ; proper tube of corolla loog aud slender. Grows in 
shade upon the upper part of the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 281. 
According to Syu. Flora it is credited to Priugle alone from Arizona, but Parish 
collected it at Lowell, and Lemmon (Nos. 183 or 201) in 1881 found it at Sauta 
Catalina Mountains, and distributed it as E. pyenocephalum Less. 

Bupatorium Palmeri Gray. Proo. Amer. Acad. xxi. 383. Collected by Palmer in 1885 
and recently (1890) by Pringle. 

Barroetea subuligera Gray. Leaves serrate, not crenate. Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. 
No. 677. 

Brickellia Pringlei Gray. The plant grows from 1 to 1^ feet high ; rare. Found in 
the higher part of the Alamos mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 286. 

Brickellia diffuaa Gray. Found in the shade on the bank of a creek. Alamos. Sept. 
16 to 30. No. 812. 

Aster tanacetifoUus H. B. K. Common on grassy creek bottoms. Alamos. Sept. 
16 to 30. No. 654. 

Brigeron Alamoaanum, n. sp. Slender annual a foot or so high, simple, or more or 
less branched, slightly hirsute and granular : radical and lower leaves ovate to 
broadly spatulate, remotely toothed; upper leaves narrowly spatulate to linear: 
peduncles filiform: involucre 1 to 2 lines long, its bract slender, acute, with 
scarious margins and a brown gland alonj; the back : rays about 50, slender, violet. 
— Grows half way up the mountan side in shade of rocks. Alamos. March 26 to 
April 8. No. 348. This is nearest E, divergenSf but it has different pubescence, 
smaller heads, and fewer rays. 

Baccharis glutinoaa Pers. Six to eight feet high. Common along water-courses 
near Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 719. 

Lagaacea declpiens Hems. A common loose-growing plant 5 feet high : flowers 
orange-colored. Near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 401. 

Gnaphalium Sprengelii Hook and Arn. Collected near the top of Alamos Moun- 
tain, March 26 to April 8. No. 349. What appears to be the same species found 
Sept. 16 to 30. No. 678. 

Milleria quinqueflora L. This plant is about 3 feet high. It grows along water 
courses in dense shade. Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 722. 

Guardiola plat3rphylla Gray. A bushy shrub about 3 feet high. Common on the 
gravelly beds just above the river near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 280. 

Melampodium cupulatum Gray. Common along ravines, on hillsides, and in 
cartons. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 726. Also common at Agiabampo. 
It seems to have been collected by Palmer in 1869. 

Franseria cordifoUa Gray. A plant known only from the collections of Pringle Sc 
Parish. Dr. Palmer reports it as very common about Alamos on wooded hillside. 
It grows about 2 feet high and is quite bush-like. The young stems show an 
intense whiteness which disappears, somewhat, in drying. Alamos. March 26 
to April 8. No. 391. 

Tragoceroa Mocinianua Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 388. Flowers creamy white. 
Very common on sandy bottoms and in caQons, but has only been collected 
before by Palmer in SW. Chihuahua in 1885. Pringle's No. 2450 from Jalisco 
distributed as this species answers better to T. mioroglosaus DC. Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. No. 646. 

Zinnia linearla Benth., var. latifolia, n. var. Low and somewhat spreading: 
leaves broader, lanceolate, 1 to H inches long, 2 to 4 lines broad, 3-nerved : rays 
few, always 7: akenes with 2 unequal awns.— Alamos. March 26 to April 8. 
No. 352. Only a single specimen found near the base of the mountain. Although 
this plant does not seem to answer very well for Z. HnearU, yet it is very sim- 
ilar in the color of the flowers and in its akenes, but on account of the scanty ma- 
terial it seems best to make it a form of this species. 



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Sclerocarpus BpatulatuB, n. sp. Seyeral feet hiffh with widely spreadfng branohes : 
leaves alternate, 3 to 5 inoheB long inolading the petioles, eoarsely serrate, a lit- 
tle scabroas above, appressed-pubescent below : involncre bracts 3 to 6 lines 
long, hirsote : rays yellow: central disk-flowers sterile. — Very common in woods 
and along streams abont Alamosi September 16 to 30. No. 649. 

Montanoa, sp. Three feet high with several stems : leaves opposite, ovate-lanceo- 
late 3 to 5 inches long by 2 inches broad, acuminate, 3-nerved, snb-entire, hispid 
above, villous-pnbescent beneath: involucre bracts very small (2 lines long) mu- 
cronate : chaffy bracts large (6 lines long), glabrous, with mucronate tip reflexed : 
rays not seen : disk-corolla 2 lines long; proper tube slender (1 line long), swol- 
len at base, abruptly enlarged into the long slightly puberulent throat : style 
with bulbous base, hardened in age, attached or deciduous from the akenes : 
akenes glabrous, top-shaped, 1^ lines long, without pappus. — Alamos. March 
26 to April 8. No. 361. A single plant found half way up the mountain side. 
It is called '' Bolallaqui ; " it exudes from the stem a gum which is much valued 
by the common people for its healing properties. Although the number of rays 
is not known, it clearly belongs to De CandoUe's $ Acanthocaphne, By comparing 
the flowers with those of M. grandifiora (Palmer's No. 492 of 1886), I find that 
the corolla is shorter and less pubescent and the latter lacks the bulbous style. 
if. 8ubtruncata Gray has still shorter corolla (1^ lines long) with a very short 
proper tube and a more abrupt throat, but possesses the bulbous base of our plant. 
The akenes of M, suhiruncata have a thick margin forming a low crown which 
is not possessed by the other two. M, patent has a corolla and akene with crown 
similar to M. auhtruncataf but with or without a small bulbous style-base. There 
seem to be very good specific characters in the structure of the disk-flowers. 

Montanoa (Enocoma), sp. Large, loose shrub, 8 to 10 feet high : leaves 2 to 6 inches 
long (including thei inch petiole), lanceolate, with acuminate tip and ouueate 
base, scabrous above, hirsute below, coarsely serrate or sub-entire : flowers in 
corymbose clusters : pedicels slender, h^airy : involucre in one series of about 5 
bracts : rays 2 to 4, very small, white : disk-flowers 3 to 5 : chaff very hairy on 
the back, narrowed into a mucronate tip. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 
394. This is a loose-growing shrub with many stems, and the habitof the elder, 

Zexmenia podooephala Gray. About 3 feet high. Only a single plant seen near 
the base of the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 363. 

Zexmenia fruttcoaa, n. sp. Upright shrub, 8 feet high : leaves lanceolate to ovate- 
lanceolate, 2 to 4 inches long sharply serrate, scabrous : heads terminating the 
branches, or in corymbs of 3 to 5 : involucre bracts in 2 or 3 series, imbricate, 
hispid : rays small, yellow : akenes slender, 2 lines long, with awns as long or 
longer. — Common along streams and on mountain side about Alamos. September 
16 to 30. No. 645. 

^igoiera montana, n. sp. Two to three feet high, slender, scabrous : leaves oppo- 
site (except some upper bract-like ones), linear-lanceolate, 4 to 5 inches long by 3 
to 7 lines broad, acuminate, sessile, 3-nerved, scabrous above, prominently reticu- 
lated below : head turbinate, 6 lines long, with bracts closely imbricated in 5 or 
6 series : bracts oblong, obtuse, or abruptly mucronate, conspicuously ciliate, 
with soft white hairs : rays small, oblong, 5 or 6 : disk-flowers 2 lines long : 
akenes 2 to 2^ lines long, villous-pubescent : pappus conspicuous, with two un- 
eqaal awns and with several intermediate palese, laciniate, a line long. — Near 
the summit of the mountain, under shade of oaks ; at the time of gathering, 
almost past blooming. Alamos. March 25 to April 8. No. 340. A peculiar 
Vtguiarat differing from all other species we have examined, in its many series 
of Imbricating involucre bracts ; in this respect it is most like V. Purisimw, The 
stems are slender and purplish and the base has a tuft of wool as in the native 
specirs of Perezia, Alamos. March 30 to April 8. No. 340. It resembles V, 
hlepharolepUf but the heads are smaller, bracts more numerous and glabrous on 
the back. 



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Tithonla Palmeri, u. sp. Foar to six feet high, more or less bispid-pnbescent : lower 
leaves very large, over 1 foot long, 10 inches broad witb a somewhat cordate 
base ; upper leaves oblong with trancate or caneate base coarsely serrate ; petioles 
more or less winged, scabrous and hispid-pabescent: heads on long pedancles 
(little thickened above), small, 6 to 9 lines long : involucre bracts aboat 2 series, 
short; the oater ones narrow and aonte; the inner ones broad and obtase: 
akenes 3 lines long, with I or 2 awns and 3 intermediate pale»: rays oblong, 6 
lines long, ''yellow to orange." — Along water-coarses and in cafions. Alamos. 
September 16 to 30. No. 721. It resembles T, iagetifolia^ bat with different 
pubescence, involucre, rays, and pappns. 

Tithonla (f) frnttcosa Canby and Rose, n. sp. Shrubby, 5 to 10 feet high ; younger 
part silky-pubescent : leaves alternate, lanceolate, acuminate, 6 to 8 inches long 
(including the petioles) cuneate at base, slightly orenately-toothed, somewhat 
reticulated and soft pubescent below ; appressed and somewhat scabrous above: 
heads on short axillary or terminal peduncles, 1 inch high : involucre campannlate 
of 3 or 4 rows of broad, oblong, and obtuse bracts: ray-flowers pistillate and ster- 
ile, 12 to 15, the slender ligules l\ inches long : akenes 3 lines long, pubescent : 
pappus composed of united scales forming a short crown. — Only two plants seen. 
Among bushes near a water-coui-se. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 303. Dr. 
Palmer says that at a distance this plant appears to be a beautiful shrub, with 
numerous, large, bright-colored flowers. The stem is 4 inches in diameter at 
the base and the wood resembles the Elder. This species is very different from 
the rest of the genus in its tall shrubby habit. 

Explanation op Plats V.— A branch showiog loaves and bead ; natural size; c, section of 
woody stem. 

Bncelia Mezicana Mart. Flowers yellow, somewhat pinkish on drying. Grows 
along the creek bottom near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 741. 

Bidena (PsUocarpaea) Alamosana, n. sp. Perrenoial ; 4 feet or less high, glabrous 
throughout : leaves mostly 3-parted^ sometimes 5-parted, upper ones often sim- 
ple; segments lanceolate, 2 to 3 inches long, acnte, cuneate at base, sharply ser- 
rate with erect teeth : heads broad, 6 to 9 lines long : rays broadly oblong, 6 to 8 
lines long, sterile (as in most of the species) : disk-flowers 5 to 6 lines long : 
anthers yellow : style-branches broad, abruptly tipped with a linear appendage: 
ray-akenes abortive, 2-awned; disk-akenes very slender, 5 to 9 lines long, 
4-ang1ed, glabrous, becoming curved outward and with 4 to 5 retrorsely barbed 
awns. — Very rare ; in the shade along a water-course near Alamos. March 26 
to April 8. No. 278. September 16 to 30. Letter E, Dr. Palmer says it is a loose 
grower with many branches and abundant flowers, which have the strong odor 
of the marigold. 
Explanation op Plate VI. — Plant natural size; 6, akene muob enlarged. 

Galea scabrifolia Benth. and Hook. A plant with two or more stems from the base, 
about 2 feet high : largest leaves 5 inches long and 2 inches broad : ** flowers 
white:'' ray-akenes without pappus: disk-akenes 1 line long. Along ravines in 
the higher portions of the Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 283. 
With this should be combined Perymenium album Watson. 

Ferity le effuaa, n. sp. Slender annuals, much branched, more or less glandular or 
glandular-pubescent with some villose hairs : leaves mostly opposite, a few alter- 
nate, more or less deeply cleft: heads small : rays smaU, numerous, white : disk- 
flowers yellow with slender proper tube gradually passing into the throat : style- 
branches slender, acuminate-tipped: akenes small, f line long, oblong, straigbt 
or slightly curved, with callose and villose margin ; pappus a delicate paleaceous 
crown, with two short unequal awns. — In the shade half way up the mountain near 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 350. Also very common along the river bank. 
No. 377. It has also been collected by Palmer in southwest Chihuahua (No. 238, 
1885); and by Pringle in southern Arizona, 1882. 



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C-.ntnb Nat. Herb , Vol. I PlATE V. 



TiTHONIA FRUTICOSA, 



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105 

PeriiyU microglossa Benth, yar. effu$a Gray. Bidwspiloia Oray, non L. Proo. 
Amer. Acad. xxi. 432. 

Tbi9 plant differs from P. microglosaa in several important particulars beside 
those pointed oat in the Syn. Flora. The habit and leaves are different, the rays 
white instead of yellow, and the inflorescence differs some. Its relationship 
seems to be with P. microcephalaf from which it differs in its pnbescence, somewhat 
larger heads, -different disk-corolla, et.c. Palmer's 238 is a coarser plant, more 
yillose and with fewer heads, bnt it apparently belongs here. Like the latter 
is Palmer's 373, from the mountain cafions about Alamos, where it is very common. 

Porophyllum maorocephalum DC. Grows under bashes in cations. It has the 
very strong odor of Rhue. Alamos. Bept. 16 to 30. No. 716. 

Tagetes Lemmoni Gray. Collected but once before and this by Lemmon in southern 
Arizona. Palmer found but a single plant near water^course in the middle of the 
mountains of Alamos. It grows about 3 feet high, with a large top. March 26 
to April 8. No. 339. 

Pectis punctata Jacq. Stems prostrate or ascending. Common on stony ridges. 
Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 730. 

Pectis proBtrata Cav. Common near the water in grassy bottoms near Alamos. 
Sept. 16 to 30. No. 659. 

Hymenathemm anomaltun Canby & Rose, n. sp. Slender annual, 6 to 20 inches 
high, with many slender branches, glabrous or nearly so: leaves opposite or 
alternate, with 7 to 9 filiform segments bearing large oblong oil glands : involucre 
campanulatc ; bracts in 2 series, equal, free, about 2 lines long, acute, broadly 
lanceolate, bearing 1 to 5 oblong oil glands: rays conspicuous, about 10, spread- 
ing, oblong, 5 lines long, 3- toothed : disk-flower tubular, l\ lines long, with throat 
longer than the proper tube and 5- toothed : style-branches elongated, obtuse : 
akenes linear-turbinate, slightly pilose: pappus paleaceous, in 2 series: outer 
aeries 10 ; pale» spatulate, laciniate-toothed ; inner series 10, 3-aristata, the inner 
longer, hiHpid.— Abundant near the base of Alamos Mountain. March 26 to 
April 8. No. 346. 

This genus combines the characters of several closely related genera but is near- 
est Hymenathemmy yet it seems to break down its most distinctive character, viz, 
the connate involucre. It seems to belong clearly to the subtribe Tagetineas as 
laid down by B. &, H. and only differs in having a double involucre. It differs from 
ffymenatherum in having 2 series of bracts and these ft«e, and as defined by B. & 
H. in having a conical receptacle and in its 3-toothed ray and merely toothed 
disk-flowers and pappus in 2 series. But as stated by Dr. Gray in a later 
revision most of these characters break down in certain species. Of the species 
of this genus, it resembles most H. Neo-Mexicanumj resembling it in habit and 
haying a similar receptacle. It has the free involucral bracts of Jdenophyllum 
but with different style-tips, and the pappus is very different from A. coccineum, 
the only species left in this genus by Dr. Gray. It has the free bracts and the 
bristles at the base of the leaves of Pectis, but with a different style and recep- 
tacle. 

Explanation of Plats YII.— Plant natand sise; a, ray; 6. corolla; e, style; d, pappui; all 
enlarged. 

PeresBia montana, n. sp. Three to five feet high, slender, purplish, glabrous: 
leaves coriaceous, reticulated, narrowly oblong, 3 to 6 inches long, 9 to 12 lines 
broad, with a broad clasping base, spinose-dentate : panicle loose, spreading, 
glabrous: involucral scales 3 to 5 series, narrowly oblong, acute, sometimes a little 
obtuse, the lower and smaller ones mucronate, glabrous except the puberulent 
margin : akenes glabrous, 3 lines long, flattened, delicately ribbed, narrowed at 
apex.— Very rarely seen : grows under oaks on the higher parts of the Alamos 
Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 285. Belonging to the P. rigida group as 
arranged by Dr. Gray. 

Explanation of Flats YIII.— Section from the top and bottom of plant, nata:al size and 
the base of stem showing tafts of wood, much enlarged; e, akene. 



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106 

TrijdB obvallata H. &, A. It grows about 2 feet high : the flowers are yellow, with 
a strong pine odor. It is commonly called '' Yerba del aira," and is used exten- 
sively by the common people in preparing a medicine for colds. Alamos. March 
26 to April 8. No. 290. The plant differs from the figare in Beechey's Report in 
having entire leaves, but it seems the same as Pringle's No. 2431, referred here by 
Mr. Watson. It is certainly very near T. longifolia; Parry and Palmer's No. 1121, 
referred here by Mr. Hemsley, is the same as our plant. 

Lobelia laziflora H. B. K. Only a few plants found in a deep ravine in a portion of 
the Mountain of Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 288. 

Heterotoma tenella ' Mart. & Gal. This little plant is very variable ; our speci- 
men being either simple, 1 to 2 inches high, 1 to few flowered ; or taller, 10 to 12 
inches high, and often branching. It grows in moist spots halfway up the moun- 
tain side. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 289. Here belong also Bourgeau's 
No. 1722, distributed as Lobelia Cliffortianay and also so referred by Hemsley in 
Biol. Cent.-Amer. ii. 266. The Smifhsonian Institute distribute under the same 
name a plant from Orizaba, collected by Botteri (No. 1191), which is also this 
species : this plant is tall, with long filiform branches. All of these specimens 
differ from the original description in being pubernlent below. 

Metastelma latifolia, n. sp. High climbing shrub, nearly glabrous : leaves oblong 
to lanceolate, roundish at base, obtuse with abrupt appendiculation, an inch long, 
shortly pedunculate, margin and midrib pubescent (especially above) : ombel 
short- pt3duncled, 3 to 7-flowered : pedicels \\ lines long : flowers very small, leas 
than 1 line long : calyx lobes short, acute : corolla white, the oblong, obtuse 
lobes densely pubernlent on their inner margins: column very short if any : lobes 
of the crown about equal the stigma. — Climbing over the tops of bushes, it 
forms a compact mass of sweet-scented flowers. Alamos. September 16 to 30. 
No. 666. According to the recent Revision of Dr. Gray (Proc, Amer. Acad, xxi.) 
it comes in the sub-section containing M, Pringlei; but the foliage is different. 

Buddleia Terticillata H. B. K. A large bushy plant, early glabrate, 5 to 6 feet high, 
with woody stems and rough bark : lower leaves ovate, 10 inches long and ser- 
rate; upper leaves lanceolate with cuneate base, entire: heads on pedunolee 
4 to 8 lines long : flowers yellowish with ''houey-like odor." Common on good 
soil everywhere about Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 279. 

Er3rthrsea Madrenaia Hemsl. Biol. Cent.-Amer. ii. 346. Collected on the top of 
Alamos Mountain. March 26 to April 8. No. 405. Seemann's plant is the only one 
referred here, but it seems to me that Parry and Palmer's No. 567 (oollectod in 
1878) should also be referred here. 

The variety (No. 2597) in Mr. Pringle's collection is lower and more spreading, 
and with more twisted anthers. 

Oilia Sonorse Rose. Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 90. This plant is reported as very 
abundant on the sandy river bottoms. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 396. 

Losaelia glanduloaa Don. Common. Alamos, March 26 to April 8. No. 399. 

Cordia (Sebeatenoidea) Sonorse, n. sp. A small tree 10 to 20 feet high, 6 inchea 
in diameter; younger parts puberulent: leaves elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, 
obtuse, entire, a little scabrous above : racemes short and dense : calyx cylindri- 
cal, 5 to 6 lines long : corolla white, 15 lines in diameter : stamens 5 to 7, 
exserted. — A common tree in low places and on hillsides. About Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. No. 376. 

Called Palo-de- Asta, and is one of the most beautiful of flowering trees ; the 
whole tree is covered with large clusters of white flowers (becoming lavender by 
age), a short distance away entirely hiding from view the large shining leaves. 
The tree has a symmetrical top and is well worthy of cultivation. 

Explanation of Plate IX.— A flowering branch and showing flowen and leayes ; natoral 
size. 

' Another species of this genos has been wrongly distribated, yis, Palmer's No. 43 (1896), from 
Jalisco, referred to Lobelia ixibnuda Gray, Proc Amer. Acad. xxii. 433, which is H. arabitUride9 B. dc H. 



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Conttb. Nat Herb., Vol. I. PLATE IX. 



CORDIA PaLMERI, n. ^p. 

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107 

Heliotropium phylloBtacliytim Torr. Only a few plants foand growing on a creek 
bottom. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 637. 

Krynitskia micromerea Gray. This plant is very common on sandy bottoms. 
Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 397. 

Ipomoea murucoideB Rccm. & Schnltz, var. e;labrata Gray. This plant is without 
leaves (except very yonng ones), and its appearance is pecnliar; as it is now 
apparently for the first time collected in fruit, we append a description. A tree 
20 to 30 feet high, 1 foot or more in diameter, with smooth bark and nnmerous 
branches: leaves (immature) about 1 inch long, ovate-lanceolate, strongly reticu- 
late and pubescent below: racemes terminal, many flowered: calyx as well as 
pedicels and young branches pubernlent: sepals oval, obtuse, 5 lines long: 
corolla about 2 inches long, white, yellowish below : filaments pubescent at 
base: capsule 10 lines long, 2-celled, 4- valve, 4-seeded: seeds 5 lines in length, 
oblong, with a long coma upon the sides. The tree is called *' Palo santo,'' and 
is very abundant about Alamos. No. 316. 

The wood is of no commercial value. The Mexicans use the ashes for soap- 
making. Dr. Palmer says : ** But one flower of a raceme opens at a time, and tlic 
large tree, devoid of foliage, and with only 3 or 4 large flowers, presents a pecu- 
liar appearance ". The flowers of our plant are similar to Gray's type (Palmer's 
No. 703, of 1886), and Pringlo's No. 2443 (of 1889), from near the same locality, 
but the sepals are shorter and obtuse and not glabrate. The sepals resemble 
Hemsley's figure of the species, which is probably Gray's form. According to 
dates on the title pages, it appears that H. B. K.'s specific name macrantha is older 
by one year than Room, and Schnltz, and if the oldest specific name is used, 
Don's combination should be taken up. Convolvulus macranthua H. B. K. Gen. 
et Spec., iii. 95; Ipomoea murucoides Roem. & Schnltz, iv. 248; Ipomcca macrantha 
Don. Gen. Syst. iv. 267. 

Ipomosa bracteata Cav. This is a climbing plant and without leaves, but with long 
racemes of flowers with large purple bracts. It is called ^' Zicana." It has large 
tubers, like sweet potatoes, which are eaten raw by the Mexicans. Alamos. 
March 30 to April 8. No. 313. 

Ipomcoa Orayi, n. sp. High climbing, glabrous or nearly so: leaves orbicular 
to broadly ovate, 1| to 3 inches long, truncate or somewhat cordate at base, on 
peduncles 2 to 5 inches long : peduncles variable, 1^ to 3 lines long, 1 to several- 
flowered: pedicels 1| to2| inches long, somewhat thickened in fruit: sepals 3 
to 4 lines long, broad and obtuse: corolla purple, 3 inches broad : stamens short, 
included; capsule glabrous, ovate, 7 to 8 lines long, 4-valved, 2-celled, 4-seeded : 
seeds 3i lines long, densely pubernlent. — Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 710. 
Also collected by Dr. Palmer in SW. Chihuahua (18a5). No. 102. This is a 
profuse bloomer and a vigorous plant, climbing over fences, walls, and the high- 
est trees. 
/. rubro-ccerulea} Gray, non Hooker. Proc. Anier. Acad. xxi. 434. 
/. violacea Gray in herb, non L. To this latter species should be referred, accord- 
ing to herbarium not^ of Dr. Gray, /. ruhro-ccerulea of Hemsley. Biol. Cont.- 
Amer. ii. 393. I. Grayi difiers from /. ruhro-cwrulea in its calyx teeth not being 
''subulate-linear," the color of the corolla, and somewhat in the shape of the leaves. 
Its alliances seem to be with /. pedicellaris Benth. of Central America, and with- 
out seeing the type it is hard to separate the two. 

'After the above was prepared and sent to the printer, a letter was received from 
Sir Joseph Hooker from which the following note, respecting this plant, is taken : 
*' Bir. Hemsley has told me that your Ipomcea is quite distinct from /. rubro-cfvrulea 
in the calyx, and also from /. pedicellaris which has an open sinus to the leaf." 
27687— No. 4 2 [June 30, 1891.] 



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108 

IpomoBa alata,' n. sp. Slender, olimbing, glabroas throngboat : leaves tbin, trian- 
gular in outline, 2 to 3 incbes long, witb broad open sinus, acuminate : pedun- 
cles 2 to 4 incLes long, somewbat winged, 1 to 3- flowered : pedicels 9 lines long, 
clayate thickened in fruit and deciduous witb it : calyx '' brick-red," 9 lines 
long, closely enveloping tbe ripe capsule : corolla '' scarlet," salver-form : tube 2 
inches long ; limb 1 inch broad : stamens included or the anthers (2 to 4 lines 
long) barely protruding : style included : stigma 2-lobed : capsule globular, 6 lines 
in diameter, 2-celled, 4-seeded : seeds oblong, 3 to 4 lines in length, glabrous, 
black. — Collected along creek bottoms and in oaflons. It climbs over fences and 
bushes at Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 706. A peculiar species and seem- 
ingly nearest /. rhodooalyx. I. alatipea has a similar winged peduncle, but the 
flowers are 3 inches in diameter. 

ExPLAKATiON OF Platr X.~Nataral size of plant shown ; a, aeed. 

Ipomosa Quamoclit L. Very common at Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 707. 

Ipomosa Palmeri Watson. Proc.Amer. Acad, xxiv.63. "Flowers creamy- white, 
open at night." Common about Alamos, climbing over trees, bushes, fences, etc. 
March 26 to April 8. No. 305. This species is only known from Palmei's (No. 75) 
1887 collection at Guaymas. 

Ipomosa, sp. Only a few plants found, climbing over bushes. The corolla is purple. 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 304. 

Physalia, sp. A little viscid : flowers small, yellow with brownish eye. It grows 
in a shady cafion. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 709. 

Solanum diveraifolium Schl. About 6 feet high with loose branches: flowers 
white. Collected in a shady ravine near the summit of the mountain. Alamos. 
March 26 to April 8. No. 364. 

Solanum Fendlerl Van Huck. and Milll. About 3 feet high. Only a single plant 
found and this in poor condition. At the base of Alamos Mountain, March 25 to 
April 8. No. 364. This approaches nearest Fendler's No. 254, ftrom Panama, of 
any specimen seen in Gray or National Herbarium, but the pubescence is redder, 
stems somewhat thorny, and racemes shorter. 

Both these plants are merely tentatively referred as above as better material 
may place them quite differently. 

Solanmn (Androcera) Orayi, n. sp. A slender annual, 1 to 2 feet high, stems more or 
less thorny : leaves pinnately parted with ovate to oblong segments irregularly 
toothed or cleft: racemes few-flowered: pedicels of the flower very short : of the 
fruit 6 lines long, somewhat thickened: corolla small, 4 to 6 lines in diameter, 
white : stamens irregular, 4 short, 1 long and curved : fruit very prickly. — Only a 
few plants found in shade near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 633. Here 
should be referred 8, aiaymbriifoHum Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 434. Al- 
though a larger plant than Palmer's present plant, the flowers are much 
smaller than in S. sisymhriifolium. 

Solanum Amazonium Ker. A loose growing shrub 2 to 3 feet high with showy 
purple flowers. Here should be referred No. 237 (1885) of Palmer from SW. 
Chihuahua. It is S, elcBagnifoHum Gray, not Cav. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 434. 
It differs conspicuously from 8. elwagnifolium in its slender, curved and dissimi- 
lar stamens, and in its erect, fruiting pedicels : In the sterile flowers the calyx 
is naked and three of the anthers much longer (6 lines long) ; in the fertile and 
lower flowers the calyx is armed with prickles and the anthers nearly equal, or 
often longer. Near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 314. 

Solanum ▼erbaacifoliom L. This is a shrub 4 to 5 feet high ; its fruit is " orange- 
colored." Common along river banks among bushes. Alamos. March 26 to 
Aprils. No. 392. 

• From the above letter of Sir Joseph Hooker is also taken the following note : 
''Your /. alata may also, Mr. Hemsley thinks, be new and belongs to the same group 
a, /. alaiipes. 



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109 

Nlootiana glauoa Grabani. At Alamos it is called ^'Maraqaiana;" at Gnaymas, 
** Don Joan." The leaves are laid npon the head of patients to relieve headache. 
About Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 331. 

Nlcotiana trigonophylla Dunal. Common at Alamos on hillsides and in old fields. 
March 26 to April 8. No. 308. 

Idnaria Canadenala Damont. Abundant on the sandy river bottoms. Alamos. 
March 26 to April 8. No. 395. 

MimuluB florlbundos Dongl. This plant was found abundantly along a water- 
course, half way up the mountain. It has a strong odor like musk. Although 
common along the border we have no specimens from Mexico. Alamos. March 
26 to April 8. No. 338. 

BfijnuluB cardinalis Dougl. The calyx teeth are more slender and acuminate. Only 
two small plants seen. Found half way up the mountain. Alamos. March 26 
to April 8. No. 328. 

Bfijnulas luteos L. Common along a water-course near Alamos. March 26 to April 
8. No. 270. 

Stemodia Palmeri Qray. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 403. The corolla is dark purple 
and the lobes of the lower lip are broad and retuse ; the anther cells are unequal 
in size. Collected on a rocky ridge iu the shade near Alamos. March 26 to April 
8, No. 327, and September 16 to 30, No. 727. 

Stemodia dorantifolia Swartz. This plant was found along a water-course half- 
way up the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 337. 

Conobea intermedia Gray. Collected on a rocky ridge. Alamos. September 16 to 
30. No. 728. 

Aphyllon Califomioom Gray. This plant was found growing under bushes in a low 
valley. The flowers are purple. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 318. 

Tabebuia Palmeri, n. sp. A large tree 18 to 25 feet high : leaves opposite ; leaflets 
4, 2 to 5 inches long, oblong, obtuse at base, somewhat acuminate glabrous 
or nearly so : flowers iu close clusters at the ends of the naked branches: calyx 
small, 2 to 3 lines long, covered with a mealy pubescence : corolla li to 2 inches 
long with ample tube, mealy-puberulent, white and purplish with yellow spots: 
capsules terete, 15 inches long, 8 to 10 lines in diameter, straight or nearly so, 
smooth and ribless: seeds very numerous in several series, oblong, 12 to 18 lines 
long by 6 lines broad, winged at the ends.— Iu ravines near the base of the moun- 
tain. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 320. Called *' Amapa." A beautiful 
flowering tree with its large Paulownia-like flowers, which Dr. Palmer describes as 
light-mauve at base, with white and yellow patches; tbey quickly fade. Only 
a few flowers were found at the ends of the naked branches. Two leaves, each 
with 4 leaflets, were found on the tree and Dr. Palmer says the new ones had not 
begun to appear; there was an abundance of long black pods. The trunk of the 
tree is covered with a thick, rough bark, resembling the oak ; the wood is hard 
. and durable and is generally used for rafters in the construction of houses in this 
region. That this is a Tabehuia, as considered by Benth. and Hook., there can 
be very little doubt, although the inflorescence is a little more compact than the 
known species of this gttnus. It is a little surprising that such a handsome tree 
of some economic value has until now remained unknown. 

ExpLAHATiox OF PLATE XI.— Upper part nbows flowers, lower part stem and leaves ; nataral 
sise; a, seed; b, piece of bark; o, section of Btiin ; d, pod. 

Calophanes bilobatua Seem. Stem procumbeut with branches ascending, glandular, 
pubescent throughout: leaves 1 to 2 inches long, including the petiole, acute, 
somewhat tapering at base : flowers in glomerate clusters with small, foliaceous 
bractlets shorter than the calyx: calyx 6 lines long, cleft to the base (or be- 
coming so) into subulate lobes : corolla lilac, 8 lines long, its tube 5 linos long: 
style pubescent; stigma linear, hardly oblique: capsule 4 lines long, glabrous. 
Edge of a ravine at Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 402. The plant has a very 
offensive odor. Bourgean's specimen also has the pubescent style. Collected 
recently by Prlngie. 



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110 

JuBticia caudata Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 405. Flowers "mauve-colored:" 
capsnle ( including the short thick stipe) 6 to 7 lines long: seeds orbicniar. Only 
a single plant found, in a shady ravine. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. C66. 
This seems to be the same plant which Palmer collected in 1885. 

Dicliptera reaupinata J uss. But a single large plant seen. Alamos. September 16 
to 30. No. G32. 

Lantana Tetulina Mart. <& Gal. About 3 feet high: flowers white. Common on 
wooded hills and slopes. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 379. 

Lantana involucrata L. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 635. 

Lautana macropoda Torr. Very common at Alamos. September 16 to 30. Nos- 
636 and 740. 

Bouchea diaaecta Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 68. The flowers in these 
specimens are blue. Collected at Agiabampo, October 3 to 15. Letter G. 
Dr. Palmer says he obtained this plant at Alamos also. 

Prlva echinata J uss. Flowers ** light purple." Only a single specimen seen, grow- 
ing in shade in a creek bottom. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 745. 

Caatilleia tenuifolia Benth. The bracts and calyx are scarlet. Only a few plants 
seen near the summit of the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 366. 

Verbena Aubletia L. This plant is very common in old fields and valleys about 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 307. 

Verbena ciliata Benth. This plant is used as a pot-herb by the Mexicans, who 
call it Verbena. March 26 to April 8. No. 326. 

Hjrptia Buaveolena Poit. Flowers said to be white. Only one or two nutlets mature. 
Called by the Mexicans ** contituria ; " they use it as a tea to abate fevers. Ala- 
mos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 734. 

Hyptis Seemanni Gray. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 407. Alamos. March 25 to April 8. 
No. 398. 

Salvia (Calosphace) Alamosana, n. sp. Two or three feet high, with many lateral 
branches, more or less pubescent when young: leaves 2 to 3 inches long, on very 
short petioles, narrowly lanceolate, cordate at base, with very broa^l rounded 
crenatures, silky when young, slightly hispid or glabrate in age: calyx 2 lines 
long; upper lip entire; lower, 2 toothed: corolla blue, about 5 lines long; its 
upper lip short, erect, pubescent : lower portion of the connective deflexed, con- 
nate, and broad. — Grassy slopes half way up the mountain side. Alamos. March 
30 to April 8. No. 345. This plant does not seem to agree with any of oitr Mexi- 
can Salvias. 

Salvia privoides Benth. This plant is common in the shade along water-courses 
and caftons. Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. Nos. 680, 681. 

Salvia hjrptoides Mart. & Gal. Flowers pale blue. Found in shade of bushes in 
a mountain cai^on. Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 682. 

Salvia elegans Vahl. This plant grows about 2^ feet high. It is a common plant 
throughout Mexico ; only two plants were seen ; these were found in the upper 
part of the mountain in a shaded ravine. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 292. 

Stachys coccinea Jacq. This plant has showy '' salmon-colored '' flowers. The fil- 
aments are nearly equal and villose as in PhysosUgia, although Dr. Gray says in 
Syn. Flora (p. 347) " filaments naked." Only a few plants were seen. Found 
in a shady ravine near the summit of the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to 
April 8. No. 365. 

Teucrimn Cubenae L. Common in gardens and fields. Alamos. March 26 to April 
8. No. 277. 

Boerhaavia Alamosana, n. sp. Stems 12 to 15 inches high, branching throughout, 
glabrous or below somewhat scabrous-pubescent ; leafy below ; leaves linear to 
narrowly lanceolate, 1 to 2 inches long (includiu'^ the petiole), whitish below: 
racemes slender, spike-like; bracts and bracMet^ purplish ovate-lanceolate, 
caducous: perianth white, drying yellowish, 2 lines broad: stamens (4) and 



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Ill 

Btyle exserted; frait 1 line long, clavate, obtnse with obtnse ribs.— Hillside aboat 
Alamos. Sept. Ui to 30. No. 714. In fruit and habit resembling B, Palmeriy bnt 
with larger flowers, more and longer stamens, etc. It reseuibles Palmer's speci- 
men of B, Wrightii from Guaymas, in habit and pubescence, but has smaller fruit 
and differs in number of stamens and larger flowers, etc. 

Boerhaavia Souorse, n. sp. Stems somewhat spreading, much branched above; 
flowers in head-like cluster, '* crimson ": involucre i line long: stamen 1, rarely 
2 (?) : style exserted, capitate; fruit clavate with tapering tip. — Along water- 
courses near Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 715. Seemingly the same species a^ 
No. 172 of Palmer's 1887 collection from G nay mas. 

Boldoa lanceolata Lag. A small shrub 2 to 3 feet high, with several stems. Flowers 
*' cream color.'' ' Very common at Alamos and also Agiabarapoon hillside, in caflons 
and valleys. Collected in fruit at Alamos. March 20 to April 8, and in fruit and 
flower September 16 to 30 ; at Agiabampo, October 3 to 15. Nos. 310, 720. 

According to Mr. Hemsley there is some uncertainty whether this plant should 
be called SalpianthuB arenarius H. &; B. or as above, and we give here as far as 
we know its bibliography : 

B, lancolata. Lag. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 10. Roem & Schult. Syst. i. 522. Bot. 
Sulph. p. 155. DC. xiii. 2, 438. Biol. Cent.-Amer. iii. 8. 

8. arenantis H. & B. Pi. JEquin. 1. 154 t. 44. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Sp. ii. 
218. Poir. lUus. Suppl., 536 t. 906. 

Telanthera stellata Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad, xxi, 436. The typical form found 
at Alamos, Sept. l6 to 30. No. 760, with this and more common was found Var. 
glabrata, n. var., a form with narrower leaves and white instead of straw-col- 
ored glomerules, but in other respects apparently the same. No. 760a. 
Dr. Palmer say s he saw it at Agiabampo also. 

AriBtoloohia brevipes Benth. Very common in bottom lands. Much used as a med- 
icine. Near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 329. 

Ireaine celoaioides L. A climbing plant with large spreading panicles of flowers. 
Collected along ravines and river banks near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 
389. 

Euphorbia (Poinsetia) tuberosa, n. sp. Seemingly a new species. Slender, deli- 
cate plant about 1 foot high : leaves (lower) alternate, scattering, linear, 3 to 4 
inches long, a line broad : upper leaves verticillate, a little broadened at base and 
acuminate, bright crimson : flowers terminal, 1 to few; involucre 4-1obed; lobes 
small, entire or 3-toothed : glands 4, large, cup-shaped : bracts purple, flmbriate: 
styles bifid.— In ravines in the upper portions of the mountains. March 25 to 
April 8. No. 356. 

Commonly called *' Contrayerba." A small tuberous-rooted plant. It is a med- 
ical plant of much repute and is used in kidney and liver troubles. 

Euphorbia florida Engl. Collected on gravelly bottoms near Alamos. Sept. 16 to 
30. No. 640. 

Euphorbia plicata Watson. Proc. Aroer. Acad. xxi. 438. Stems 2 to 3 feet high. 
The leaves fall as soon as they begin to dry. Rocky hills about Alamos. Sept. 
16 to 30. No. 631. 

Euphorbia florida Engl. On grassy bottoms around Alamos. No. 356. 

Jatropha angustidens Muell. Seeds 4 lines long, gray, spotted with brown. Ala^ 
mos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 639. 

Croton (Eucroton) Alamoaanum, n. sp. A small shrub 4 to 6 feet high, younger 
parts villose-pnbescent : leaves oblong-lanceolate, 3 to 5 inches long, 1 to 2 inches 
broad, almost sessile, densely stellate-pubescent, a little glandular at base ; stipules 
orbicular, slightly dentate-glandular: racemes dense, at first spike-like, becoming 
more or less elongated, sometimes 4 inches long ; female flower more common at the 
base, but sometimes throughout the racemes; calyx deeply 5-parted ; petal none; 

1 Roem & Schult., says flores rubi. 



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styles 3, thrice diobotomons ; seeds 3, 2 lines long: male flowers more nnmerons; 
calyx 5-parted, petals 5, white, glabrous witboat, villose witbio; stameos 12 to 
13 with glabrons filaments. — On sandy ridges and along creek bottoms under 
shrubs near Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 324. Found in flower and fruit 
Sept. 16 to 30. No. 742. Belongs to the subsections Cycloiiigma, perhaps near C. 
heterocaltfx. 

Aoaljrpha polystachya Jacq. The larger leaves 4 to 5 inches long on petioles 5 to 
6 inches long; the long filiform lobes of the involucre, oiliate with glandular- 
tipped hairs. Grows along water-courses near Alamos. Sept. 16 to 20. No. 724. 
This is A, filifera Watson, which seems to be only a form of the above species. 

Aoaljrpha subviacida Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 440. Leaves with shorter 
petioles than in the type; fertile spikes, sometimes staminate for half the length 
above; style-branches, long, purplish; staminate spikes, occasionally 2 or 3 from 
a common peduncle, generally with an abortive pistillate flower at tip. Collected 
in a cation near Alamos, Sept. 16 to 30. No. 641. 

Sebaatiania Palmeri, n. sp. A loose-growing shrub 5 to 8 feet high, or sometimes a 
small tree 10 feet high, 5 inches in diameter, glabrous, dio&cions: leaves lanc^ 
olate, to narrowly lanceolate, 2| to 4 inches long, including petiole 6 lines long, 
slightly dentate : female flowers solitary, sessile ; calyx 3-parted, its lobes oval, 
serrate ; petals none ; styles 3, connate at base, entire ; ovary 3-celled ; valves con- 
torted after dehiscence; seeds 1 in each cell, globose, 2 lines in diameter without 
a strophiole.—Seen in various places about Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 
403; also in September. Letter A. The natives speak* of it as "Palo de la 
flechaqne de los semas brinca doras"— "the arrow-wood which produces the 
jumping beans.'' The generic position of the plant in which Carpocapsa is 
found has long puzzled the botanist and entomologist. This is partly due to 
the fact that the fruit which is stung (and this is the kind that is generally col- 
lected) appears very different from those developed naturally. While this is 
evidently a new species, still some uncertainty exists as to its position. Ita 
relationship is doubtless with Sebastianiaf but it has close affinities with both 
Oymnanthus and Botiania; in habit it seems closer to the latter than to either the 
other two, however its minute or obsolete calyx seems to be sufficient to keep 
it out of that genus. It has the rudimentary calyx and connate stamens of 
Gymnanthus, but has dehiscent and contorted carpels which are thin walled; 
car[iophore wanting; leaves serrate: all of which is at variance with this 
genus, but corresponds with Bonania. Dr. Palmer says the boys gather these 
beans, for which they find a ready market at Alamos. None of the beans which 
had been stung were obtained, as they had all been carefully gathered before 
Dr. Pailmer's visit and none of the so-called "jumpers'' could be obtained at 
Alamos at this time. The plant produces an abundance of milk, which is 
said to be used by the Indians for poisoning their arrows. The milk readily 
crystallizes into a clear, rather brittle substance, and is a violent cathartic 
The wood is very hard. 

Ficus, sp. A large tree with many wide-spreading branches, 2 feet in diameter, with 
thick, corky bark : leaves alternate, oblong-lanceolate, acute at both ends, 4 t-o. 
6 inches long, on a petiole 9 to 16 lines long : fruit nearly globose, 10 lines in 
diameter on a very short pedicel (2 lines long). Near Alamos. March 26 to April 
8. No. 367. The fruit is very abundant and edible and is called "Chalalft." 
Dr. Palmer collected the same species at Hacienda San Miguel in southwest 
Chihuahua in 1885. 

Tillandaia recurvata L. This plant was found growing on oaks. Alamos. March 
26 to April 8. No. 372. 

Heteranthera llmosa Vahl. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 73L 

Commelina Virgiiiioa L. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 663. 



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113 

Tradescantia Palmerl, n. sp. Stems erect, 6 to 9 inches high, glabrous, or with a 
pubescent line : leaves lanceolate, 1 to 2^ inches long, glabrous except the ciliate 
margin (and sheath), sessile, acute : umbels pedunculate (1 to 2 inches long), 4 to 
9-£lowered: pedicels 3 to 5 lines long: sepals oval, 1^ lines long: petals white, 
1^ lines long: stamens 6 ; filaments naked, the 3 longer with dilated filaments; 
the 3 shorter almost sessile: style short: cells 3, each with 2 ovules: seeds 3, 
triangular, 3-lobed, the margins revolute. — Found in moist shady places among 
rocks near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. T37. 

It differs from most species of Tradescantia in its one-seeded cells; the ovules 
however are two, the lower being abortive. The filaments differ considerably in 
length, but the anthers are but slightly different. It is perhaps nearest the T. 
ampUxieaulia and yet I am not certain this is the proper section. It resembles 
T. iHsgrega very much in habit. 

Mr. Watson has^nggested a relationship with T. genioulata from which species 
it differs in having the lower surface of the leaves glabrous (at least not villous) : 
unequal stamens, with glabrous filaments : seeds of different shape, glabrous and 
alveolate. 

IieptorhrcBO tennifolia, n. sp. Slender annual, erect or a little spreading and root- 
ing at the Joints, glabrous or pubescent in lines: leaves linear, 1 to 1| inches 
long, 1 to 2 lines broad, glabrous except a little pubescence at base : peduncles 
from the axils of the leaves, mostly in clusters of 3 or 4, 9 to 12 lines long : flow- 
ers in nmbellets of 2 to 4, sometimes solitary, glabrous: sepals 1 line long: 
petals, 1 line long, blue : stamens 6, of two lengths : capsule 3-celled, 3-seeded. 
— It grows in shade along water-courses at Alamos. Sept. 16 to 30. No. 744. 

This makes the second species for this genus and confirms the wisdom of sep- 
arating it from Tradescantia^ to which it is closely related and with which the 
type species had for nearly forty years been associated. It differs from Trades- 
eantia chiefly in having but 1 ovule in each cell, and in the shape of the seeds 
and the central position of the hilum. It seems to be closely related to L.fiUformis 
of Southern Mexico, but appears quite distinct, differing especially in its more 
erect habit, narrower and longer leaves, glabrous pedicels and calyx, and in the 
inflorescence. 

QuerooBt sp. Only sterile branches found': leaves glabrous, narrowly lanceolate, 2 
to 3 inches long, with spiny- toothed margin. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. 
No. 368. 

Querous grisea Liebm. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. Nos. 369-370. «Nos. 369 
and 370 probably belong to the same species, No. 369 being a vigorous shoot." C. 
S. Sargent. 

Queroos Kelloggli (?) Newberry. ** Probably a narrow leaved form of this species ; 
certainly there is no other described species to which it can be refeired." C. S. 
Sargent. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 371. 

The above oaks were found on the summit of the Alamos mountains and have 
neither flower nor fruit. They are mostly stunted forms 15 to 20 feet high and 
1 to li feet in diameter. 

El«ochariB^ oapitata R. Br. The stems are about 3 inches high, and peculiar in 
being recurved. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 411. 

Eleooharia^ paloatria R. and S. var. glauceacens Gray. The aohenia in these 
specimens are triangular, but in all other respects the characters are those of 
this form ; and triangular achenia sometimes occur in E, palusiris, 

FimbrlBtylis diphyUa' Yahl. Found in a moist place near a creek. Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. No. 699. 

Cypema inoompletna* Link. Grows sparsely in wet places near Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. No. 701. 

1 Determined by F. C. Coville. 'Determined by N. L. Britton. 



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114 

Cyperus Schomburghkianus > Noes. Found in a shady damp spot nnder boshes. 
Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 703. 

Cyperus.^ Too young. No. 747. 

Paspalum^ setaceum Michx, var. pubiflorum Vasey, d. var. Spikelets somewhat 
glandular-pubescent. Grew in a swampy place, many plants together. Alamos. 
September 16 to 30. No. 704. 

Eriochloa aristata Vasey. Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. xiii. 229. Found in a onltiYated 
field, used for fodder, mixed with other grasses. Alamos. September 16 to 30. 
No. 692. 

Panicum capillare L. var. f Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 690. 

Panicum fascicalatum Swartz. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 694. 

Panicum Hallii Vasey. Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. xi. 61. Found in a ravine near 
Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 695. Also at Agiabampo in low wet places. 
September. No. 750. 

Pauioum sanguinale L. Cultivated field near Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 
685. 

Setaria pauciaeta Vasey. Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. xiii. 230. The seed of these 
grasses had shelled out. The tops were very full. The seeds and stems had 
become a golden color. The natives pull these grasses from cultivated fields and 
sell them at stables at Alamos, near which they grow. September 16 to 30. 
Nos. 684 and 686. 

CatheBtechum erectum Vasey & Hackel. Grows in thick lawn-like patches often 
completely hiding the ground ; on hillsides and level places near Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. No. 705. 

Manisurls granulaiis Swartz. Found at one locality only; on a hillside near 
Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 700. 

Sorghum halepenae Linn. Cultivated field near Alamos. September 16 to 30. 
No. 687. 

Aristida scabra Kunth. Near the summit of the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to 
April 8. No. 410; also, in small bunches, many together, among underbrush on 
hillsides. September 16 to 30. No. 702. 

Miihlenbergia Alamosse Vasey. Bot. Gaz. xvi. 146. Perennial, culms closely 
tufted, 2 to 2i feet high, slender, wiry, many (6 to 9) jointed, leafy, mostly un- 
branched : lower leaves approximate, erect, the upper distant, often overtopping 
the panicle, bud-like protrusions at the lower nodes: panicle capillary, spread* 
ing, 3 to 4 inches long, pyramidal, branches erect-spreading, 1 to 2 inches long, 
flowering nearly to the base : pedicels short to 2 or 3 times as long as the spike- 
lets: spikelets purple, li lines long, empty glumes half as long, ovate, acuminate 
or awn-pointed, 1-nerved : flowering glume lance-linear, 3-nerved, 1^ lines long, 
2-toothed and with an awn 3 to 4 times as long : palet equaling its glume, bifid 
at apex ; both palet and glume hairy at the base. Found in a shady arroyo in 
the mountain. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 407. This is the type. 

Miihlenbergia distichophylla Kunth. Collected near the summit of the mountain. 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 409. 

Miihlenbergia dumosa Scrib. Common along water-courses in the mountain. Ala- 
mos. March 26 to April 8. No. 406. 

Miihlenbergia ramosissima Vasey. Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. xiii. 231. In fields near 
Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 691. 

Miihlenbergia virescensTrin. Near the summit of the mountain. Alamos. March 
26 to April 8. No. 408. 

Sporobolus confuaus Vasey. Grows in thick patches along water-courses. Alamos. 
September 16 to 30. No. 696. This is Sporobolus ramuloaus of American authors, 
not of Kth. It is Vilfa confuaa Fourn. 

' Determined by Dr. N. L. Britton. 
*Grammu»e determined by Dr. Geo. Vasey. 



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115 

Epicampes CGBnilea (T) Often 5 feet high. It grows in wet lands near the month 
of Yacqne River; it isbrought in bundles to Goaynias, where it is nsod to thatch 
ont-boildings and the dwellings of the poor. March 26 to April H. No 414. 

Bouteloua arlstidoides Thurb. Very common on bottoms and level places among 
hills. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 697. 

Bouteloua Alamosana Vasey, n. sp. Apparently annual, culms tafted, mostly decum- 
bent or prostrate, 3 to 6 inches high : leaves narrow, 1 to 1^ inches long : panicle 
racemose, 1 to 1^ inches long, with 3 to 5 spikes, each composed of 3 to 4 crowded 
spikelets, abont ^inch in length : spikelets 2-flowcred : empty glumes linear, 2 to 
3 lines long, the upper scabrous on the keel: glume of fertile dower oblong- 
lanceolate, 3| lines long, 3-toothedand 3-awned, its palet as long, bifid at apex : 
glumes of sterile flowers with the body about two lines long, 2 lateral lobes reach- 
ing nearly to the base, 4 lines long, the central one 5 lines long. — Many plants 
growing together on rocky ridges. Alamos. September 10 to 30. No. 698. 

Bouteloua polystachya Torr. In gravelly soil with underbrush. Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. Nos. 751, 791. 

Bouteloua polystachya Torr. Var. ? Nos. 751, 791. 

Leptochloa mucronata Kunth. In garden with other grasses near Alamos. Sep- 
tember 16 to 30. No. 699. No. 749 grew in low wet places near tide lands at 
Agiabampo. 

Diplachne viacida Sorib. Found at the base of the hill in a moist place. Alamos. 
September 16 to 30. No. 748. No. 748^, same plant, collected in a swamp at 
Agiabampo. 

Eragrostis ciliaris Link. T No. 688 ; and 

Eragrostis major Host. Found in cultivated field; used in stables at Alamos. 
September 16 to 30. No. 689. 

Plnus oocarpa Schiede. A small tree, 25 feet high, 1 foot in diameter, with pend- 
ent leaves, 8 to 9 inches long : cones about 2i inches long ; apophysis 4 to 5- sided 
with a somewhat elevated umbo which is especially strong toward the base: 
seeds 6 to 7 lines long. Collected near the summit of Alamos Mountain. March 
26 to April 8. No. 374. 
The seeds of this species are described as being an inch long, and the trees are said 
to be 40 feet high. As is generally known, Dr. Engelmann found in his study of 
the leaves of pines that the resin ducts might occupy one of three positions in 
the parenchyma, viz, internal, parenchymatous, or peripheral. In this species 
the ducts are peculiar and can not be assigned to any of the gronp. On each 
aide of the leaf are two ducta which with the surrounding strengthening cells 
completely separate the parenchyma tissue into distinct regions; the ducts ex- 
tend from the fibro-vascnlar bundle to the epidermis or its underlying strenghten- 
ing cells. These ducts have the paradoxical position of being both peripheral 
and internal. Dr. Engelmann in his arrangement places this species in the sec- 
tion with internal ducts, but says he occasionally found parenchymatous ones. 
We have not seen his specimens, but Palmer's plant of 18% referred here by Mr. 
Watson has similar ducts. Dr. Palmer says there were many young plants which 
would be especially fine for cultivation. 

Notholaena Candida Hook.^ Found under shade of rocks half-way np the mountain. 
Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 341. 

Notholaena Lemmoni D. C. Eaton.^ From mountain cations. Alamos. September 
16 to 30. No. 669. 

Selaglnella cuapidata Link.^ Under shade. Alamos. September 16 to 30. No. 
672. 

Notholasna ainuata^ Kanlf. Grew in shade near Alamos. September 16 to 30. 
No. 671. 

^ These plants were determined by Henry E. Seaton. 



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116 

Adiantnm emarginatam^ Hook. 

Adiantnm thalictroides > Willd. Fonnd near water-oonrse at Alamos. March 26 
to April 8. No. 344. 

Cheilanthes microphylla* Swartz. Under shade of rook. Alamos. September 16 
to 30. No. 672. 

Indeterminable sp. ** Papachi boraacho " is an upright f^rowing shrnb 8 to 10 fee, 
high with short branches and very thorny: leaves very small 3 to 4 lines loog 
obovate : frait very namerons, globose, aboat 10 lines in diameter, indehiscent : 
seeds namerons, black, flattened. Not found in flower, and the fruit was nearly 
destroyed by birds. Alamos. March 26 to April 8. No. 330. 

■ These plants were determined by Mr. Henry £. Seaton. 



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LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY DR. E. PALMER IN ARIZONA 

IN 1890. 



By J. N. Rose. 



Dr. Palmer, after bavin^ made large aud valuable collectioDS in Lower 
California aud Mexico iu tbe early moutbs of tbe year, visited Arizona 
during tbe latter part of April, remaining tbere tbrougb May and June 
and a part of July. He made collections at Gamp Huacbuca, Willow 
Springs, and Fort Apacbe. A small collection made in 1889 at Camp 
Huacbuca wbicb Dr. Palmer purcbased is included in tbis report; tbese 
plants are designated by letters-only. 

Camp Huacbuca is about 15 miles from tbe Mexican border at tbe 
base of tbe Huacbuca Mountains, in tbe extreme soutbeastern part of 
Arizona. Its elevation is 5,100 feet above sea level. Tbe mountains 
are rougb and rocky. Tbe soil is of decomposed granite. Dr. Palmer 
was bere from April 26 to May 21, and collected about one bundred 
species. Tbe season was unfavorable for bis work as no rain bad fallen 
for seven montbs and tbe mountains and valleys were dry and barren, 
and tbe only plants found in proper condition for collectiug were in tbe 
gardens and in two moist canons. Tbe plants of tbis collection are 
numbered from 416 to 478; unfortunately tbe numbers 450 to 459 were 
repeated, bence tbe latter are designated by tbe letter a in addition. 

Tbe only otber important collection ^ made at tbis place is tbat of Mr. 
J. G. Lemmon and wife in 1882, a very large aud valuable one, of wbicb 
over fifty species were new. 

Willow Springs is in tbe Wbite Mountains near tbe pass leading to 
Fort Apacbe, at an altitude* of 7,600 feet. It is 75 miles soutb of Hol- 
brook on tbe Atlantic and Pacific Bailroad and is reacbed only by stage. 
Tbe mountains bere are covered witb oaks and pines, and tbe two large 
meadows from wbicb tbis collection was largely made, kept damp by tbe 
springs, were covered witb vegetation. Dr. Palmer remained bere from 
June 10 to 25; tbe nigbts at tbis season are very cool, often tbin ice is 

' Mr. Lemmon writes me that Dr. Palmer visited this place once before ; as it was 
daring the dry season nothing of importance was obtained* 

*Dr. Rothrook gives the altitadeof the pass 7,400 feet and of Willow Springs 7,195. 
Wheeler's Beport, vL 22. 

117 



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118 

formed. At this time he collected the plants Dumbercd 479 to 574 ; on his 
return from Fort Apache he remained two days, July 5 and 6, collecting 
numbers 613 to 626. 

Dr. Eothrock, in Wheeler's Eeport, vol. vi., has forty eight species 
from this place ; most of these were recollected. 

Fort Apache, upon the east fork of Salt River, in the Indian reserva- 
tion of the valley of the White Mountains, has an altitude of 6,200 feet.' 
It is only reached after one hundred miles of rough mountain staging. 
The mountain here also is covered with oaks and pines, but the valley 
is dry, having little or no vegetation. Salt River supplies water for the 
fort and for irrigating the gardens and the farms of the Indians. The 
temperature is 10^ warmer than at Willow Springs. Dr. Palmer was at 
Fort Apache from June 21 to 30, collecting plants numbered 575 to 613. 

Dr. J. J. Rothrock made a small collection here in 1874. (Wheeler's 
Report, vi.) 



Clematis Palmeri, n. Bp. A peculiar form which we have not been able to place. It 
seems Dearest C. filifera Benth. of Mexico. The leaves very thin and delicately 
nerved, piDDate-ternate ; the leaflets obtusely 3-lobed, paler beneath : peduncles 
one-flowered, 6 to 7 inches long: akenes with long plumose tails. — Among boshes 
along river bottom. Fort Apache, June 21 to 30. No. 600. 

Thalictrum Fendlexi Engelm. Under bushes in a ravine near Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 516. 

Ranunculus affinis B. Br., var. cardiophyllua Gray. Proc. Phil. Acad. 1863, p. 
56. Common in swampy meadows. Collected here by Rothrock also. This form 
was first published by Dr. Gray, under the above varietal name, followed by 
Rothrock, Watson, and others, but in his last reyisiou he takes up a new name, 
var. validuB. Willow Springs, June 10 to 20. No. 498. 

Ranunculus macranthus Scheele. Very common in wet bottoms. Rothrock also 
collected it here. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 495. 

Ranunculus hydrocharoides Gray. Common, in a marsh. This species was also 
collected here by Rothrock. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 485. 

Aquilegla chrysantha Gray. Very common in the cafions along water courses. 
Fort Huaohuca. April and May. No. 434. 

Erysimum Wheeleii Rothrock. Only in flower, but apparently this species. Wil- 
low Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 483. 

Capsella Bursa- pastoris Moench. Collected in a garden at Fort Huachuoa. April 
and May. No. 444. 

lonidium polygalaBfolium Vent. Collected in an old garden at the mouth of a 
cation. Fort Huachuca. April and May. No. 445. 

Cerastiimi nutans Raf. In swamps at Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 515. 

Claytonia Chamissonis Esch. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 570. 

Sphaeralcea Fendleri Gray. A peculiar form with very small flowers and carpels. 
Grows on open mesas at Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 594. 

Linum perenne L. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 529. 

Linum arlstatum Engelm. ^deTrelease. Collected at the edge of rich bottoms and 
slopes under oaks and pines. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 497. 

Ptelea trifoliata L. A loose growing shrub about 8 feet high. Fort Huaohuca. 
April and May. No. 428. 

Rhamnus Califomica Esch., fide Trelease. Fort Huachuoa. April 26 to May 21. 
No. 431. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 520. 

I Only 5,000 feet. Wheeler's Report, vi. 23. 



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Ceanothus integerrimas Hook, and Arn. Fort Hnacbuca. April and May. No. 
427. "The leaves are somewhat thicker, more like C. $pino8U8f" Mrs. K. 
Brandegee. Found at the head of a deep caQon among undershrubs. April 
and May. No. 427. 

Ceanothus Fendleri Gray, fide Mrs. K. Brandegee. Very common. Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 501. 

Ceanothus bujdfolius Willd, fide Mrs. K. Brandegee. Fort Huachuca. April and 
May. No. 451. 

Vitis Arizonica Engelm, A very common grape and bears abnndant fruit : when 
fi^owing in shade of trees and bushes it climbs over them, but when growing in 
exposed places alone it becomes bush-like with merely the slightest inclination 
to climb, and has the appearance of a California cultivated grape which biis 
been closely pruned to the heigth of 3 to 4 feet. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. 
No. 609. Also very common in all the ca&ons at Huachuca. April 20 to May 21. 
No. 446. 

Rhus glabra L. Only a few plants seen at Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 585. 

Rhus Toxicodendron L. Very common. Fort Huachuca. April to May. No. 
453a. 

Rhus aromatica Ait., var. trllobata Gray. Called "Squaw berry," and is gath- 
ered in great quantities by the Indians. The slender twigs are used by them in 
making baskets. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 590. 

Thermopsis montana Nutt. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 528. 

Iiupinua Palmer! Watson. Very common under pines and on high level places. 
Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 533. 

Trifolium involucratum Willd. Common in marshes along creeks. Also collected 
here by Rothrock (No. 229). Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 507. 

Hosackia Wiightii Gray. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 525. 

Hosackia puberula Benth. Collected at the edge of a garden at Fort Huachuca. 
April and May. No. 422. 

Psoralea tenuiflora Pursh. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 512. Also col- 
lected near Fort Huachuca in 1889. 

Amorpha fruticosa L. A shrub 4 to 6 feet high, with many stems. *' Bloom navy- 
blue with amber-colored anthers." Common along creeks. Also collected here 
by Rothrock (No. 244). Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 484. 

Dalea formosa Torr. A small bush, 1 to li feet high. Fort Apache. June 21 to 
30. No. 584. 

Dalea aurea Nutt. Grows on stony mesas among bushes. Fort Apache. June 21 
to 30. No. 611. 

Petalostemon candidus Michx. Grows in large masses along river bottoms. Col- 
lected by Rothrock (No. 248) at Willow Springs. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. 
No. 595. 

Astragalus Bigelovii Gray. Collected near Fort Huachuca, 1889. Letter M. 

Astragalus Arizonicus Gray. Collected on the parade ground at Fort Huachuca. 
April and May. No. 424. 

Viola leucopheea Greene. Bot. Gaz. vi. 217. About 2 feet high, hanging over 
small plants. Leaflets 2 to 6, mostly 4. Flowers *' lemon-colored with violet 
spot." Style densely hairy in the middle. Very near to this species is F. medio- 
cincta Watson, and should be referred as var. mediooincta of the above species. 
It differs only in its more narrow leaflets and stipules. 

In the type (Palmer's specimen) the stipules are described as linear, the flowers 
solitary on pedicels (peduncles), 3 to 6 lines long. In the only other collection 
of this form (Pringle's, 1887) I And some of the stipules almost subhastate, and 
some of the peduncles an inch or more long, with 2 flowers. I should state here 
that I have not yet seen any specimens of this form with 6 leaflets. 

A slight change is necessary in Mr. Greene's description of the style, which he 



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Bays is ''yery yilloos at the apex,'' while Lemmon's plant, seemingly a part of 
the type, has the style hairy as above. The species has only been reported from 
son th western New Mexico and soatheastern Arizona, while this variety is from 
New Mexico. Palmer's specimens were collected at Willow Springs Jnly 5 and 6. 
No. 6-25. 

Vicia pulchella H. B. E. Flowers white. Also collected here by Bothrock ander 
varions nnmbers. Willow Springs. July 5 and 6. No. 621. 

Vicia Amexicana Mnhl. Collected here also by Rothrock (No. 224 in part). Wil- 
low SpriugH. Jane 10 to 20. No. 530. 

Lathyms paluster L., var. angustifoliufi Gray. Grows sparsely on rich bottoms 
nnder pines. ''Bloom white, upper part pink.'' Also collected by Rothrook 
(No. 224). Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 534. 

Robinia Neo-Mezicana Gray. A thorny bush or tree 8 to 12 feet high : a loose 
grower; ''bloom rose color,'' drying purplish. Collected here by Lemmon in 
1882. Very common in cations about Fort Huachnca. April and May. No. 440. 

Deamanthas Jaxneaii T. & G. Bloom lemon color with yellow anthers. Common 
on gravelly bottoms. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 606. 

Deamanthus depreaaaa H. &, B. Flowers '* at first canary color, by age becoming 
salmon color." No fruit obtained. Very common in rich bottoms. Fort Apache. 
June 21 to 30. No. 613. 

Mimosa biuncifera Benth. A loose thorny bush 1 to li feet high : " flowers white," 
but in Rothrock's report said to be pnrplish. Also collected by Lemmon at this 
station. Very common on the plain at the foot of the mountain at Fort Hua- 
chnca. April and May. No. 449. 

Pnmaa aalicifolia H. B. K., var. acutifolia Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 411. 
Ten to fifteen feet in height, 5 inches in diameter, with edible fruit. Fort Hua- 
chnca, April and May. No. 450a. 

Fragaria Teaca L. Grows among bushes on sloping rich bottoms at Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 487. 

Geum tiifiorum Pursh. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 506. 

Potentilla Hippiana Lehm. Very common in rich moist bottoms. Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 482. 

Rosa Fendleri Crepln. This species was also collected at this station by Rothrock. 
What seems to be the same species from Fort Huachnca was collected from a 
garden, but the plant originally grew in a neighboring caQon. No. 435. Willow 
Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 505. 

Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt. About 4 feet high. It was found in ravines, high np 
the mountains. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 504. 

Heuchera mbeacena Ton*. Collected near Fort Huachnca 1889. Letter K. 

CEnothera albicaulia Nutt. Collected at the outer edge of a garden near Fort 
Huachnca. April and May. No. 471. 

CEnothera semilata Nutt. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 481. 

Qhiothera Harty7egi Benth. Common on rich bottoms. Fort Apache. Jnne'21 to 
30. No. 582. 

CEnothera triloba Nutt. "Flowers yellow." Grows in marshy meadows. This 
same form was collected at this station by Rothrock. Willow Springs. June 10 
to 20. No. 568. 

Gaora auffulta Engelm. Found in level places exposed and in the shade. Flowers 
white but soon change. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 508. 

Gaura coccinea Nutt. Flowers at first white, then rose and sometimes crimson. 
Fort Huachnca. April and May. No. 417. 

Gaura sp. Seemingly near G, Nealhyi Coulter. The lower part of stem and leaves 
glabrous (except a few stiff hairs), above pubemlent. Not in iVnit and but a 
single plant seen. Flowers white, changes to red. On hillside. Fort Huachnca. 
AprU. No. 420. 



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CereoB caBspitosus Engelm. The flowers are a bright red. Common on stony 

ridges and monntain sides. Fort Hnachnca. April and May. No. 475. 
Cereua sp. Not very common. A very ftee bloomer with bright showy scarlet flowers. 

Fort Huaohuca. April and May. No. 429. 
CereuB pectinatns Engelm. (T) A single fraiting specimen obtained. Fort Hua- 

chnoa. April and May. No. 447. 
Opuntia Bngelmanni Salm. Flowers yellow. Fort Hnachnca. April and May. 

No. 477. 
Opuntia hystricina Engelm. and Bigel. *' It grows abont a foot high with several 

joints.'' Flowers yellow, lower third red. On stony ridges. Fort Hnachnca. 

April and May. No. 474. 
Opuntia arboreaoena Engelm. This cactns is 2 to 3 feet high with flowers of a 

beaatiful crimson. On stony plains and hillsides at Fort Hnachnca. April and 

May. No. 476. 
PaeudoojrmopteruB montanua var. tenuifolia Con It. & Rose. Rev. p. 75. (Thaa- 

pium (f) montanum var. tenuifolium Oray,) Common at Willow Springs. June 

10 to 20. No. 500. Also collected here by Rothrock. 
Comua atolonifera Michz. fide Coulter &, Evans. A shrnb 4 feet high. Willow 

Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 518. 
Iionicera cilioaa Poir. Abont 2 feet high with drooping habit. Found in ravines 

high np the mountain side. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 537. 
Sambuoua glauca Nntt. Also collected by Rothrock. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 

20. No. 292. 
Symphoricarpoa oreophilua Gray. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 521. 
Galium trifidum L. Grows along creeks. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 514. 
Houatonia Wrightii Gray. Grows in low places and on hillsides. *' Flower white 

with pink tip and corolla." Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 528. 
Bouvardia triphylla Salisb. The corolla very slender. Collected near Fort Hua- 

chnca in 1889. Letter G. 
Valeriana aylvatica Banks. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 526. 
Valeriana edulia Nutt. A common plant. Willow Springs. July 5 and 6. No. 618. 
Stevla PlummeraB Gray. Collected in a cafion near Fort Hnachucai Arizona. 

1889. Letter A. 
To the stations given in Syn. Flora we here add the following, viz : MogoUou 

Mountains, New MexicO; Rusby (1881), No. 152^ ; Mexico, Pringle <1887), No. 1260. 
Stevia aerrata Cav. Collected in a canon near Fort Hnachuca, 1889. Letter B. 
Xiupatoiium ocoidentale Hook., var. Arlzonicum Gray. A single specimen from 

near Fort Hnachnca, Arizona. 1889. Letter D. 
Caiphochaete Bigelovii Gray. A single specimen from a canon near Fort Hua- 

chuca, Arizona. 1889. Letter C. Pringle is the only collector who got the plant 

from Arizona, according to Syn. Flora. We have specimens from Rusby, 1881, 

collected at the San Francisco Mountains. 
Aplopappua apinuloaua DC. Collected in a cafion near Fort Hnachnca, Arizona. 

1889. Letter F. 
Solidago Miasourienaia Nutt. Var. Not very common, along river bottoms. Fort 

Apache. Jnne 21. No. 602. 
Aater ericaefoliua Rothrock. Common on mesas and hillsides at Fort Huachnca. 

April 26 to May 21. 
XSrlgeron divergena T. & G. The stems lie close to the ground. Upper end of a 

cafion under bushes. Near Fort Huachuca, Arizona. April 26 to May 21. Nos. 

450, 494. 
Erigeron flagellaria Gray. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 503. 
BacohSuiB Wrlghtii Gray. Grown on second bottoms of Salt River. Jnne 21 to 

30. No. 580, 



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Baccharis pteronioides DC. Small sbnib 3 feet high on stony mesas. Fort Haa- 
chuca, Arizona. April 26 to May 21. The female plant is No. 468. The male 
plant is a compact shrub 2 to 3 feet high on rocky sides of cations. No. 443. 

Zinnia grandiflora Nutt. Fort Apache. Jane 21 to 30. No. 583. 

Rudbeckia laciniata L. Willow Springs. JnlySandB. No. 620. 

Lepachys colunmaris T. & G. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 601. 

Wyethia Axizonica Gray. The large roots yield a peculiar odor. Grows in rich 
bottoms under pines; rather common. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 
543. 

Viguiera cordifolia Gray. Grows in shade along river bottoms at Fort Apacbe. 
Juue21 to30. No. 593. 

Thelesperma gracile Gray. Very common. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 396. 

Hymenopappus filifolius Hook. Grows on rich bottoms. Fort Apache. June 21 
to 310. No. 599. 

Hymenopappus Mezicanus Gray. Found on sandy riyer bottoms. Willow 
Springs. June 10 td 20. No. 517. 

Hymenopappus radiata, n. sp. Perennial from a long slender root, li feet high, 
branching at base floccose-tomentose becoming somewhat glabrate above : leaves 
mostly radical, 1 to 2 pinnate into narrow linear segments: heads corymbose on 
peduncles 1 to 2 inches long: involucre bracts broad, little or not at all pet- 
aloid : rays about 5, white, 6 to 7 lines long: disk-flowers numerous ; proper tube 
short, about i line long; throat swollen, camp anulate, about 1 line long; lobes 
short, acute, about one-third the length of throat; anthers but not the lilo- 
•ments exserted : akenes 1^ to 2 lines loug, obpyramidal, 4-angled with a delicate 
intermediate nerve, glabrous or a little puberulent : pappus of numerous very 
short palete. — Common in low rich bottoms under pines and oaks. Willow 
Springs. July 5 and 6. No. 615. 

This species differs from all other species of Hymenopappus in the presence of 
ray-flowers, but in other respects corresponds with this genus. Its habit is per- 
haps more like H, filifolius , but the akenes and pappus are more like H, fiavesceas. 
Although it seems undoubtedly a Hymenopappus^ yet in all its external appear- 
ances, including the rays, it resembles Leucampyx ; the disk-flowers, akenes, and 
pappus are also similar. It has been a puzzle to me to separate this species 
clearly from L. Neicherryiy and it is questionable whether they ought not te go 
together and be placed under Hymenopappus, The following are the slight dif- 
ferences I note between the two : In H, radiata the pappus is not so deciduous, 
the proper corolla tube is shorter, and the style- branches a little thicker and not 
so papillose. The absence of the bracts on the receptacle seems to be the only 
reliable character separating the two genera. 

Actinella Bigelovii Gray. This species has been collected in Arizona by quite a 
number of collectors, but is only credited to New Mexico in Syn. Flora. Grows 
on stony ridge and slope under pines. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 486. 

Gaillardia pinnatifida Torr. The entire-leaved form ; a free bloomer. Collected 
in a garden, in good soil by a water ditch. Fort Huachnca, Arizona. April 26 to 
May 21. No. 430. 

PectiB longlpes Gray. Common on mesas and hillsides near Fort Huachuoa, Ari- 
zona. AprU 26 to May 21. No. 425. 

Achillea Millefolium L. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 524. 

Senecio Actinella Greene. According to Syn. Flora only collected by Rnsby at 
Flag Staff, but it was obtained at the original station by J. G. Lemmon and wife 
in 1884, and now collected and reported by Dr. Palmer as very common at Wil- 
low Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 488. 

Senecio aureus L. form. Fort Huachuca, April 26. No. 438. 

Senecio Neo-Mexicanay?/?e S. Watson. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 4«0 

Senecio lugens Richards. A very common plant under pines at Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 479. 



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Seneoio Douglasil DC. Very common. Fort Haaohuca, Arizona. April 26 to May 
21. 

Cacalia decomposita Gray. InacafionnearFortHuachnca. 1889. Letter E. The 
plant is in Pringle's 1886 collection, from Chihuahna, Mexico. 

Cnicus ochrocentrufl Gray. The roots are boiled and eaten by tbe Apache In- 
dians. A common plant on bottoms and hillsides. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. 
No. 605. 

Rafineaquia Neo-Mezicana Gray. The flowers are pinkish-white when first open. 
Collected from the parade ground at Fort Uuachuoa, Arizona. April 26 to May 
21. No. 456. 

Krigia amplezicauliB Nntt. Common in wet bottoms along creeks. Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No, 539. 

Hieracium Fendleri Schnltz Bip. var. discolor Gray. Common on bottoms and 
mountain slopes. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 532. 

Malacothrlz Fendleri Gray. Collected on the parade ground at Huachnca, 
April 26. No. 421. 

Trozimon aurantiacum Hook, var. ptirpureum Gray. The flowers are yellow be- 
coming purplish in drying. The specimens correspond exactly with Fendler*8 
original specimens. Collected in rich bottoms at Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. 
No. 541. 

FyrrhopappuB multicanlis DC. Grows in low sandy places near river banks. Wil- 
low Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 519. 

Lactuca graminifolia Michx. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 510. 

AniBacanthuB Thorbexi Gray. An upright growing bush about 5 feet high. B^ 
side the collection mentioned in Syn. Flora, we have the species from Pringle, 
Parish, and Smart. Fort Huachuca, Arizona. April and May. No. 453. 

ArctostaphyloB pangens H. B. K. Fort Huachuca. April and May. No. 458<^ (T). 

Arbutus Xalepenaia H. B. K. var. Arizonica Gray. A large shrub or small tree 10 
to 15 feet high, largest stem 6 inches in diameter. Fort Huachuca. April and 
May. No. 433. 

Samolus Valerandi L. var. Amexicanus Gray. Grows in boggy soil near Fort Hua- 
chuca. May. No. 470. 

Dodecatheon, sp. Leaves oblanceolate, 2 to 3 inches long : scape about a foot high, 
4 to 5-flowered : flowers 4-parted: "corolla light crimson with purple tinge, the 
base of petals with white spot and a yellow ring belojv all:" stamens, 3 lines 
long, distinct, sessile : capsule obtusish, about the length of calyx. Grows in 
swamps. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 342. 

According to Dr. Gray's Revision in Botanical Gazette this form would go into 
his second section which contains only D. frigidumj as the stamens are distinct and 
almost sessile, but it can hardly be his variety deniatum as the leaves are of a 
different shape, entire, and flowers purple. It resembles inhabit the Rocky Moun- 
tain variety alpina which has been variously referred. But it is not the variety 
alpina recently described by Mr. Greene, Pitt. ii. 12, as D. pauciflara as this has 
a stamineal tube nearly as long as the anthers. In the recent arrangement of Mrs. 
Brandegee, Zoe i. 20, this would answer best in her variety Jeffreyij but as it is 
here defined, I do not think it includes all the forms placed under it by Dr. Gray. 
It most resembles a specimen of Cusick's collected in 1884 and distributed as D. 
Media. 

Forestiera Neo-Mezicana Gray. A stiff growing shrub 4 to 5 feet high in canons 
at Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. Nos. 578 and 612. 

Fraxinus pistaciaefolia Torr. A small tree 6 to 10 feet high. In cafions at Fort 
Apache. June 20 to 30. No. 592. 

Frasera speciosa Dougl. This ph^nt grows 4 to 5 feet high. Willow Springs. June 
10 to 20. No. 573. 

27687— No. 4 3 [June 30, 1891.] 



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Gilia aurea Natt. Willow SpriDgs. June 10 to 20. No. 496. 
Krynitskia Jamesii Gray. Fort Apache. Jane 21 to 30. No. 591. 
Lithospermum multiflonim Torr. Common ander trees. Willow Springs. Jnne 20 

to 30. No. 536. 
Lithospermum Cobrense Greene. Collected near a ditch in a garden, at Fort 

Hnachaca. April and May. No. 432. 
Onoamodimn Thurberl Gray. Willow Springs. July 5 and 6. No. 617. 
Mertensia paniculata Don. Willow Springs. Jnly 5 and 6. No. 619. 
Apocynum cannabinum L. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 511. 
Aaolepiaa tuberoaa L. In cafions abont Fort Huachnca. May. No. 473. Also 

very common at Willow SpringH. Jane 10 to 20. No. 538. 
Aaclepias apecioaa Torr. This species grows along ravines and rich bottoms. Wil- 
low Springs. Jane 10 to 20. No. 544. 
Aaolepliodora decumbena Gray. On mesas and hill slopes aboat Fort Haachuca. 

April and May. No. 437. 
Aaclepias involucrata Engelm. On gravelly mesas. Fort Hnachaca. April 26 to 

May 21. No. 454. 
Acerates aoriculata Engelm. This plant grows on river banks in shade of bashes. 

<• Flowers old-gold." Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 604. 
Bolanom ombeUiferum Eschs. Along stony ridges. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. 

No. 607. . 
Nicotiana attenuata Torr. '* Flowers light- violet with white tinge at summit." Dr. 

Palmer says, ^* this is the tobacco once commonly smoked by the Apache Indians 
• but is now only used by the very old men, the younger generation preferring 

that which is sold in the stores.'^ Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 610. 
EtoIvuIus laetus Gray. Gravelly mesas and hillsides. Fort Huachuoa. April and 

May. No. 442. 
Veronica Americana Schwein. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. .540. 
Castilleia parviflora Bong. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 513. 
Veronica peregrlna L. Flowers white. Very common. Willow Springs. June 10 

to 20. No. 489. 
Pedicnlaris Parry! Gray. This plant differs somewhat from the Colorado forms; 

the floral bracts are callous-denticulate, the beak shorter and thicker. The 

flowers are lemon- colored. Very common in grassy swamps at Willow Springs. 

Jnly 5 and 6. No. 622. 
Mimulus luteus L. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 527. 
Mimulus, sp. Perhaps a form of if. oardirtalis, but with slender calyx tube with ovate- 
acuminate lobes; corolla salmon-red, 2 inches long, very slender. Common in 

canons. Fort Huachnca. April and May. No. 441. 
Chilopsis sallgna Don. Dwarf trees resembling willows in habit ; grow in stony 

ravines, coming from the mountains. Fort Huachuca. April and May. No. 

448. 
Erythrasa Douglasii Gray. Near Fort Huachuca. 1889. Letter i. 
Calophanes decumbena Gray. Collected on the parade ground at Fort Huachnca. 

April 26 to May 21. No. 472. 
Jatropha macrorhiza Benth. Plant. Hart. p. 8. A small plant growing on stony 

mesas and ridges. It has a large root 8 to 9 inches long and 4 to 5 inches in diam- 
eter. Fort Huachuca. April and May. No. 469. 
Pentatemon barbatus Nutt. var. Torre3ri Gray. '^ Corolla scarlet, inside of tube 

orange." A very showy and abundant plant under trees and bushes. Fort Apache. 

June 21 to 30. No. 588. 
Pentatemon spectabilis Thurber. '' Corolla showy, magenta color. Fort Apache. 

June 21 to 30. 
Pentatemon linarioides Gray. Only a few plants seen. Fort Apache. Jnne 21 to 

30. No. 585. 



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Fentstemon virgatus ^ Gray. ''Corolla white with yellowish cast aod a patch of 
purple on the upper part/' Not common ; in sandy places. Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 493. 

Pentstemon Wrightii Hook. T "Corolla beneath light-snnff color, the remainder 
Tiolet." Grew on level places under pines and oaks. Willow Springs. July 5 
and 6. No 614. 

Verbena ciliata Benth. Collected near Fort Huachnca, 1889. 

Dracocephalum parviflomm Nntt. Grows in rich moist bottoms. Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 569. 

Monarda fistulosa L., var. media Gray. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 579. 

Monarda fistulosa L. Grows in profusion on grassy slopes and open level places. 
Willow Springs. July 5 and 6. No. 626. 

Amarantua retroflezus L. Called "red-root.'' The White Mountain Apaches use 
the J (Ian t very much as food ; the green herbage is cooked and the seeds gathered, 
parched and ground into flour, from which they make bread, mush, etc. Fort 
Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 587. 

Chenopodium album L. Common. Used by the White Mountain Indians as a pot- 
herb. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 587. 

Polygonum Bistorta L., var. oblongifolium Meisn. fidCf S. dmlter. Willow Springs. 
June 10 to 20. No. 522. 

Eriogonum alatum Torr. With more corymbose inflorescence than the type. Com- 
mon on hillsides and river bottoms. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 597. 

Comandra pallida A. DC. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 502. 

Euphorbia montana Engelm. A very common plant along caQons. Fort Huachuoa. 
April and May. No. 455. ^ 

Acalypha Lindheimeri Muell. Collected in an old garden. Fort Huachnca. April 
and May. No. 419. 

Argythamnia mercurialina Muell. This plant is very common on dry and exposed 
places. Fort Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 581. 

Tragia urticsefolia Michx. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 491. 

Guilleminea densa Moq. Common in cafions. Fort Huachuoa. April and May. 
No. 457. 

Gomphrena caBspitosa Torr. Fort Huachuoa. April and May. No. 42.3. 

Juglans rupestrlB Engelm. Seen only in cafLons. The young trees are quite orna- 
mental. They grow here to a height of 30 feet, and are 1^ to 2| feet in diameter. 
No. 416. 

Alnus incana Willd., var. A large brushy topped tree 20 to 30 feet high and 12 
to 18 inches in diameter. The Indians use the bark in tanning. Fort Apache. 
June 20 to 30. No. ()02. 

QuercuB Emoryi Torr. The acorns of this oak are gathered in great quantities by 
the Mexicans and Indiaus. A small tree 30 feet high and 1^ feet in diameter. 
Fort Huachnca. April 26 to May 21. No. 459a. 

Balix nigra Marsh., var. venulosa Anders, jid^ M^- S. Bebb. "This varietal name 
is retained for forms which the species assumes in its distribution from Texas 
westward. Notwithstanding the inaccuracies of Anderson's description, these 
originated quite naturally from certain peculiarities in Wright's No. 1877, which 
peculiarities are now recognized as having resulted from an abnormal growth.'^ 
M. S. Bebb. 

Iris Missouriensia Nutt. Very common at Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 499. 

Sisyrinchium anceps L. Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 490. 

Sisyrinchium angustifolium Mill. Same habitat as the last. No. 490 a. 

/k^yMnm NuttalUi Watson. Flowers white. The bulbs are eaten by the Indians and 
** settlers." Willow Springs. June 10 to 20. No. 574. 

■The specimens have on them an iEcidium, which Mr. J. W. Anderson tells me is 
a new species M, Palmerl. 



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Lilium Parry! Watson. A free bloomer with sweet-scented canary colored flowers. 
Grows in the oailons aboat Fort llnachaca. Pringle also got it nea^ this station 
in 1884, and beside the type we have specimens from California collected by 
Parish. April and May. No. 478. 

Smilacina^ amplezicauliB Nutt. Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 572. 

Lemna trisulca L. Common in creeks at Willow Springs. Jnne 10 to 20. No. 531. 

JoncuB'^ ziphioides Meyer. , var. montanus En gel m. The specimens have only un- 
opened flowers, but they nndonbtedly belong here. No. 571. 

Juncus tenuis Wllld. Flowers not yet opened. This is the typical form with flow- 
ers not secnnd and with the lowest involacral leaf mnch exceeding the panicle. 
No. 550. 

Juncus Balticus Dethard, var. montanus Engelm. Flowers just beginning to open. 
No. 555. 

Juncus longistylis Torr. Flowers J nst beginning to open. No. 556. 

Juncus longistylis Torr. Frnit not yet matnre. No. 624. 

Juncus tenuis Willd. No. 461/. 

Juncus ziphioides Meyer, var. montanus Engelm. No. 467a. 

Eleocharis palustris R. & S., var. glaucescens Gray. The specimeos are without 
frnit, but appear to be a 3-styled form of this plant. No. 554. 

Eleocharis palustris li. & S. The achenes are not yet matnre, and the spikes in 
their young state are less sharply acnte than is usual. No. 155. 

Eleocharis montana R. & S. Plant only in flower and the determination made only 
on its general resemblance to the species. No. 459. 

Scirpus pungens Vahl. No. 460. 

Carez^ hystricina Mnhl., var. angustior Bailey, n. var. Whole plant whitish- 
green, tall and slender but erect ; spikes one-half narrower than in the species, 
erect or ascending: perigynium less inflated, ascending. — Willow Springs, Ari- 
zona. No. 464. Pringle's 222 from Santa Rita Monntains is the same. 

Carez teretiuscula Gooden. No. 553. 

Carez marcida Boott. No. 552t. No. 552b is a single immature specimen. Mixed 
with this is Carex fiJiformis L., var. laiifolia Boickl. 

Carez filifbrmis L. var. latifolia Boeokl. No. 549. 

Carez echinata Murr. No. 548. 

Carez Nebraskensis Dew., var. prsevia Bailey. No. 547. 

Carez nudata W. Boott. No. 546. 

Carez aurea Nutt., var. celsa Bailey. Perigynia distinctly beaked. No. 545. 

Carez occidentalis Bailey. No. 467. 

Carez teretiuscula, Gooden., var. ampla Bailey. No. 462. 

Carez hystricina, form. No. 464. 

Eatonia obtusata Gray. Var. robusta Vasey. No. 466. 

Eatonia Pennsylvanica Gray, var. longiflora Vasey. No. 467. 

Eatonia^ Pennsylvanica Gray, var. major Gray. 517. 

Eatonia Pennsylvanica var. Fort Apache June 10 to 20. No. 577. 

Aristida purpurea Nutt. Fort Apache Jnne 21 to 30. No. 575. 

Btipa leucotricha Trin. Fort Apache Jnne 21 to 30. No. 576. 

Calamagrostis neglecta Knnth. A common grass in wet soil. Willow Springs. 
July 5, 6. No. 616. 

Kcsleria cristata Pers. No. 562. 

KcBleria cristata Pers, var. Willow Springs. No. 564. 

1 It is proper to state here that Mr. E. L. Greene, in a recent paper (Bull. Torr. 
Club, XV. 285 to287)y has replaced this genus by the older name £7iii/Iorttm, which makes 
this species U, amplexicaule Greene. 

»The Jnncaceffi and Cyperacese (except Carex) were determined by Mr. F, V. 
Coville. 
»The CARICES were determined by Prof. L. H. Bailey. 
*The Graminnffi were determined by Dr. Geo. Vasey. 



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127 

Deschampsia caespitoBa Beany. Willow Springs. Nos. 566 and 559. 

Hieroohloe borealis R. and S. Willow Springs. No. 558. 

Glyceria nervata Trin. Willow Springs. No. 557. 

Miililenbergia viroBcena Trin. Willow Springs. No. 565. 

Agropymm glauoum R. and S. Willow Springs. No. 563. 

Poa pratenais L. Willow Springs. No. 560. 

Foa annua L. Hnacbnca. No. 458. 

Festuca myuma L. No. 465. 

Festuca Arisonioa. Grows on mountain-slopes and rich lerel places. Willow 

Springs, July 5 and 6. No. 623. 
Panictun Bcoparium Lam. Willow Springs. No. 561. 

CheUanthes^ Satoni Baker. Fort Huachnca. April 20 to May 21. No. 437a. 
Cheilanthes tomentosa Link. Fort Huachnca. April 26 to May 21. No. 451. 
Cheilanthes Lindheimeri Hook. Fort Huachnca. April 26 to May 21. No. 452. 
Aaplenium Fillz-foBmina Bernh. Fort Huachnca. 1889. Letter W. 
NotholsBna fermginea Hook. Fort Huachnca. 1889. Letter X. 
Cystopteria fragilia Bernh. Fort Huachnca. 1889. Letter T. 
Woodwardia radioans Smith. 
Eqniaetum lasvlgattim A. Br. Fort Huachnca. April and May. No. 463. 

MUBCl. 

Marchantia poljrmorpha L. Willow Springs. No. 535. 

Fonaria bygrometrioa Sibth. '* The spores are somewhat larger than usual in this 
species."— C. R. Barnes. No. 

FUNGL 

AgarlcuB L., sp. Mr. F. W. Anderson identifies the poor specimens as A. oampestrit 
probably. The following is Dr. Palmer's note: ''This species of mushroom is 
plentiful during the rainy season. When cooked it is very firm and of better 
flavor than the ordinary mushroom. The Indians eat it with much relish.'' Fort 
Apache. June 21 to 30. No. 508. 

iBcidium Palmer! Anderson. Joum. Mycol. vi. 122. This is the type of a new species 
found on Pentaiemon virgaiuSf at Willow Spring. 

>Fems determined by Mr. H. Seaton. 



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LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY DR. EDWARD PALMER IN 
1890 ON CARMEN ISLAND/ 



By J. N. Rose. 



This island is situated in the lower part of the Gulf of California, two- 
thirds of the way down tlie Lower California coast, almost in sight of 
land. It is 120 miles south of Guaynias. It is made up mostly of low 
mountains, or hills, which in the north are only about 200 feet high, but 
in the south rise from 800 to 1,000 feet, and are cut by many deep canons. 
The surface is rocky, with very poor or no soil. No trees are found here; 
a few shrubs, sometimes 15 feet high, give the prominent floral features 
to the island. On the west side is a great salt bed covering about 640 
acres to a depth of 12 feet, estimated to contain about 13,000,000 tons 
of a very fine quality of salt. This island is owned and controlled by a 
gentleman at La Paz, and a large quantity of the salt is shipped both to 
Guaymas and San Francisco, and, when the salt is ground, sells as the 
very best quality for table use. The source' of this vast salt deposit is 
said to come from the surrounding hills and mountains. All the creeks 
and canons open into this lake and, from experiments made, their waters 
are found to be charged with chloride of sodium. After the rains have 
ce^ised, in about fifteen days, the water evaporates and the work of ex- 
cavation can go on. The only botanist or collector, so far as I know, 
who has visited this island is Dr. Edward Palmer. He has made two 
visits and has very thoroughly collected the plants of the island. His 
first visit was January 1 and 2, 1870. I have not been able to learn the 
number of species collected, yet it was not large. No report was pub- 
lished on the plants, although most of them were then new species. One 
or more of them have been identified from time to time as belonging to 
new species and published as part of the type. Most of the others have 
been collected elsewhere by Mr. Brandegee or by Dr. Palmer himself, and 
published as new, without having seen the Carmen Island forms. Dr. 
Pahner made a second visit last November and ^-emained a week (No- 

' Read before Section F, of the A. A. A. S. August 22, 1891. 

2 In Bulletin No. 84 of the LT. S. Hydrographic Ottiee (p. 28) it is stated, however, 
that although the lake is separated from the ocean by a strip of beaoh.a tpiarter of a 
mile wide, over which the sea never flows, yet the water rises and falls with the tide. 

[September 20, 1892.] 

129 



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130 

vcmber 1-7, 1800). He visited all parfc^ of the island and brought back 
a small but interesting collection. The flora is almost identical with 
that of the i)eniusula. Of this collection 40 species are known to be 
conuiiou to the peninsula and island ; others will doubtless be found; 29 
species are also common to Mexico, and 25 to the United States; of the 
latter, are grasses; 10 of the species were collected by Dr. Palmer at 
La Paz in 1800; 7 species are, so fai* as known, local, 5 of which are 
here for the first time describetl. The island was so thoroughly explored 
that probably very few si^ecies will be added to the list, and a few details 
will not be out of place. The number of genera represented on the 
island is (U), and of species, 08. Of the species 21 are Polyi)etalaB, 24 
Gamopetalie, 10 Apetahie, and 13 Monocotyledons. Of these, more 
than one-half (37) belong to 4 families, viz: Leguminosse 7; Com- 
posita^ 12; Euphorbiaceaj 6; and Graminae 12; one family belongs to 
ejich of the four groui)S mentioned above; and over one-third (24) be- 
long to two families, viz: Comi)osit« and Gramin«. Orchidaceae and 
Filices, the third and fourth largest families of Mexico, are not repre- 
sented on the island. 



Drymaria diffusa Rose, ii. sp. Stems slender, much branched from a perennial base, 
souiewliat glandular-pubescent throughout : leaves thin, broadly ovate to deltoid, 
2 to i inches long (on petioles somewhat longer), truncate at base, acute or 
slightly acuminate at apex: inflorescence few-flowered cymes: pedicels fiUfonn, 
5 to 8 lines long: sepals equal, 1 to 1| lines long,- thin, oblong, acutish, delicately 
1-nerved, scarious margin : petals twice as long as the sepals, 2-parted to the 
middle into oblong or spatulate segments: stamens 5, unequal, shorter than the 
petals : capsule globose, 1^ lines long, short stipitate, about 10-ovuled, 3-se6ded. — 
Grows on the shady side of a cafion in roundish bunches. No. 819. 

This is I), glandulosa Wat^son, Proc. Ainer. Acad. xvii. 328, in part. Onr plant 
differs from this species in its leaves not being so broad, and in having long petalA : 
lower stipules wanting or deciduous, not lacerate: sepals smaller and not so 
strongly nerved. 
Collected by Palmer in 1870 (No. 4) and distributed as D. ramossisima. 
Expi^NATioN OF Plate XTI.— The plant in shown natural siie; a, capanle Bhowing seeds and 
style; b, a petal: c. afttainn: d, a sepal: all somewhat enlarged. 

Abutilon Dugesi Watson. Only a few jdants seen in a caRon, and in poor condition. 
No. 840. 'Nearest the above 8i)ecies, but not very satisfactorily placed there. 

Hibiscus denudatus Hcnth. A very poor specimen obtained, badly infested by an 
insect (Eriscoccusn. sp.). Also obtained in 1870 (No. 15). No. 826. 



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Contr. Nat. Herb.. Vol. I. PLATE XII. 



DRYMARIA diffusa n. sp. Digitized by GoOQIC 



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Contr. Nat Herb., Vol.'.. PLATE Xlll. 



DESMANTHUS FRUTICOSUS n. sp. ^-^ , 

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131 

Gk>uypimn Harknesaii Brandg. Proo. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 136. A large hnnh 4 to 6 
feet higb : leaves very dark greeu : flowers lemon-color. In cafious, not com- 
mon. No. 838. 

Collected by Mr. T. S. Brandegee on Santa Margarita Island, and by Dr. Palmer 
from this island in 1870 (No. 3) : the latter distributed as G. Barhadenae. 

Melochia tomentosa L. In canons, few plants seen. No. 823. 

Fagonia Califomioa Benth. About the mouth of a canon. Collected in 1870 (No 
13). No. 830. 

Bnrsera microphylla Gray. Commonly called ^'Torote." Common in the cafioiis 
and on mountain sides. No. 884. 

CardioBpermum Palmeri Vasey and Rose. Proc. Nat. Mus. ix. 147. Climbs over 
bushes in canons. No. 851. 

Dalea Parryl Gray. Not very common. No. 824. 

Tephrosia Palmeri Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 46. In canons. No. 847. 

^Ischynomene nivea Brandg. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 150. Only a few plants 
seen among rocks in a canon. No. 818. 

Phaseolus filiformos Benth. Few specimens found. Obtained in 1870 (No. 5.). 
No. 876. 

Cassia Covesii Gray. Grows in canons. No. 843. 

Desmanthus frutioosus Rose, n. sp. Shrub 5 to 6 feet high or small tree 10 to 12 
feet, glabrous with reddish branches : leaves large : rhachis 1| to 3 inches long ; 
stipules spinescent ; pinnae 3 to 4 pairs, 1 to 3 inches long with a concave gland 
between the lowest pair and often one or more of the upper pairs ; leaflets 12 to 20 
pairs, oblong, 3 to 5 lines long, 1^ to 2 lines broad, with somewhat eccentric midrib : 
flowers numerous: calyx 2 lines long: petals slender, one line longer than calyx : 
stamens 10: pods 2^ to 3i inches long, 3 lines wide, many seeded: seeds flat- 
tened, 2 lines in diameter, the semicircular mark on the side very small. — In 
bottom of canons. No. 820. 

This is D. virgatus Benth. Bot. Sulph. p. 14, and Brandg. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. 
ii. 152. Also referred to as above in Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 152. 

This species differs from D. virgatus in its shrubby habit, lower leaves, larger 
and more numerous pods, etc. The marking on the side of the seed referred 
to by Mr. Brandegee in his notes of this species seems to be a generic character, 
and as it also varies in shape and size in different species it may be of some use in 
identifioation. In D. virgatus, although the seed is not half as large as in the 
above species, the marking is much larger. 

Explanation or Plate XIII.— A fruiting branch in Bhonm natural sir-e; a, flower with calyx 
split and petals shown; b, a flower; e, a scihI; d, the same much enlarged. 

Lysiloma Candida Brandg. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 153. A large bush, sometimes 
a small tree. One of the most conspicuous plants of the island. No. 816. 

Buonide cordata Kell. On the beach, but not common. No. 867. 

Mentselia adherens Kell. Common at the mouth of canons. No. 831. 

Passiflora Palmeri Rose, n. sp. Trailing or low-climbing plant, thickly pilose, in- 
terspersed with club-shaped glandular hairs throughout : leaves small, about 1 
inch longy with 3 obtuse lobes; stipules small, lacerate: tendrils simple, longer 
than the leaves, pilose : peduncle slender, erect, reflexed in fruit, 1-flowered : in- 
volucre bracts 3, small, becoming in fruit a little longer than the stipe, pinnately 
dissected; segments setaceous, excurrent into a gland: sepals white, 5, broadly 
linear, Ii inches long, 3-nerved, the central nerve thickened above, separating 
below and extending beyond the tip of the sepal : petals 5, 1-nerved, about the 
length of the sepals: crown in 3 series; outer of short filiform segments a little 
longer than the tube of the calyx ; inner one entire, cup-shaped : stamineal tube 8 
to 9 lines long, glabrous ; free part of filament ribbon-shaped, 5 lines long: ovary 
very hairy: styles and stigmas 3, glabrous: fruit 1^ inches in diameter, pilose. — 
Very plentiful on the beach iimong the loose coral, but rare in the cafions. 
No. 868. 



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132 

The plant is called "Sandia de la Passion." The flowers bloom early in the 
morning and last but a part of the day ; the ripe fruit, which has a sweetish taste, 
is much relished by the children of the island. 

This species seems nearest P. fatidaf some forms of which have very similar 
foliage, but differs in its larger flowers, smaller crown, longer stammeal tube, and 
the peculiar tip of the sepal. 

EiCPLANATiON OF PLATE XIV.— A branch with flowers and fruit nhown; nataral abse. 

Mamillaria Roseana Brandg. Zoo, ii. 19. Common on the hillsides and beach 
among loose coral rocks. Fruit of a " vermilion color, " is edible. Said to be a 
very handsome species. No. 880. 

CereuH gamosus Engelm. 8tem G feet high, erect; ribs 8 or 9; spines straight and 
stout ; branches numerous, often prostrate upon the ground : mature fruit large, 
dull red without, bright red within. Not in flower. No. 883. 

The fruit is edible; it is used for preserves, jams, etc. It is called •*Pita- 
haya acre." 

VaseyanthuB Roaei Cogneaux. Zoe, i. 368. Grows in oafions in shady places and 
along the beach. No. 837. 

This was first collected at La Paz and is No. 102 of Dr. Palmer's collection re- 
ferred to Afaximowiczia on p. 70. 

MacroBiphonia Berlandieri Gray. About 3 feet high with few branches; only 
found in fruit. In caiions. No. 841. 

HouBtonia brevipes Rose. Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 83. In cafions. No. 836. 

HouBtonia (Ereicotia) fruticoBa Rose, u. sp. ITpright-growing shrub, 1 to 2 feet 
high, much-branched, glabrous throughout: leaves liuear, 3 to 7 lines long, much 
fascicled, and with minute stipules: flowers cymose on short pedicels or see- 
sile: corolla 4 to 5 lines long, salver form, the tube much longer than the lobes, 
*^ white:" the fruiting calyx 1 line long, with lobes of equal length: capsule a 
little over 1 line long, free from the calyx at the tip only: seeds oblong. — One 
of the commonest plauts along the beach. No. 885. 

Near H. fasciculataf but with larger flowers and leaves, and somewhat differ- 
ent in habit. 

HofineiBteria laphamioideB Rose. Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 79. Neither in flower nor 
fruit, but evidently this species. Found on the side of a caAon. No. 850. 

HofmeiBterla pubeBcens Watson. About a foot high with fleshy leaves and pinkish 
flowers. A compact plant, the numerous branches interlacing form an impene- 
trable ma^s. Found on the beach and in the caFions. No. 875. 

This plant has somewhat less dissected leaves than the type and approaches 
near H fMciculaUt, from which it seems to difter only in being pubescent and in 
having the leaves more dissected. 

Brickellia brachiata Gray, var. glabrata Rose, n. var. Glabrous throughout, but 
in other respects similar to the type. This is the glabrous form referred to on 
page 83, from Santa Rosalia. The fiudiug of this glabrous form a second time 
indicates that it may be a common form along the Gulf, and being so much out 
of the range of the type we have thought best to give it a varietal name. — On 
side of rocky cations. No. 849. 

AplopappuB spinuloBUB DC. Only a single specimen seen. No. 848. 

Bebbia juncea Greene. About 3 feet high. Found on the beach and cafions. No. 
844. 

Bigelovia diffusa Gray. Commonly called " Yerba del Jasmo." Two to three feet 
high. Grows on the beach. No. 833. 

Viguiera deltoidea Gray, var. Pari.shii Rose. Contr. Nat. Herb i. 73. Three to 4 
feet high. In the canons of the island, but not common. No. 828. 

Alvordia glomerata Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 174. About three 
feet high: flowers orange-yellow, with a strong oily odor. In the canons; not 
common. No. 827. 
Recently found by Mr. Brandegee at two stations not far away on the mainland. 



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Contr. Nat. Herb., Vol. I. PLATE XIV. 



PaSSIFLORA PALMERII n. tp. 

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133 

I^eptosyne dissecta Gray. A compact bushy plant 1 to 2 feet high : leave^j more 

diasected than in the type. Only seen in one caOon. No. 877. 
Perltyle Bmoryi Torr. form. Abont 2 feet high : leaves very much dissected, rather 

thick: heads somewhat larger than in type: stylo-branches with acute tips. 

Common along the beach and in the cafions. No. 866. 
This form was collected on the island by Dr. Palmer in 1890, and made the 

sabject of a short note in Bot. Cal. i. 397, by Dr. Gray. This was also obtained 

by him last year at La Paz, and by Mr. Brandegee at the same place and time. 
Porophyllmn crassifoliiun Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 57. A very common 

plant along the beach, in the cafions, and on the mountain side. No. 879. 

It was first collected on this island. It was distributed as "P. tridentatum 

Benth." and is in Palmer's collection of 1870 (No. 9). 
Porophylluin gracile Benth. Very common on the beach. No. 834. 

It is called ** Yerba del Venado" and is much used as a tea. This plant was 

collected in 1870 (No. 16). 
Phacelia scariosa Brandegee. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. 11. 185. Common on the 

beach. No. 832. 
Boarreria Sonorae Watson. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 62. A shrub about 6 feet 

high. In cafions. No. 82^. 
Krynitzkia racemoBa Greene. In cafions, growing on gravelly soil. No. 846. 
Heliotropiutn CuraBsavicum L. Very common. No. 869. 
Physalis crassifolia Benth. Probably this species, but only a single poor specimen 

was found. No. 871. 
Datura alba Nees. Established in all parts of the island except in the higher parts 

of the mountains. No. 872. 
This seems to be the same as Palmer's Chihuahua plant, referred doubtfully 

to this species. 
Nicotiana trlgonophylla Dunal. Only a few plants seen in cailons. No. 873. 
Calophanes Califomica Rose. Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 85. A branching shrub 2 feet 

high : corolla purple, 1^ inches long. Common in caftons. No. 829. 
This plant is not so tall, and the calyx and corolla are not so large as in the 

type, but otherwise they seem to agree. This species was also collected by Dr. 

Palmer on this island in 1870 (No. 8). The specimens undetermined in Gray 

Herbarium. 
Salvia platycheilla Gray. About 3 feet high. Collected in a cafion. No. 878. 

This was made the type of a new species in Dr. Palmer's collection of 1870 

(No. 7) ; not since collected until now. 
Boerhaavia Wrightil Gray. In very poor condition, but probably this species. 

No. 845. 
Atriplez Barclayana Dietr. Common plant. No. 874. 
Stignosperma halimifolia Benth. About 4 feet high. Only a few plants seen. 

No. 870. 
Phoradendron sp. No. 882. 
Argithamuia Brandegei Millsp. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 220. It differs from 

the type in having 10 stamens. No. 839. 
Croton Magdalenae Millsp. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 220. No. 821. 
Euphorbia polycarpa Benth, var. vestita Watson. Very common. No. 835. 
Euphorbia blepharoatipula Millsp. Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 77. Very common on the 

island. No. 825. 
Euphorbia CarmenenBis Rose, n. sp. A low, compact plant, woody at base, a 

span high, with many slender interlacing branches, glabrous throughout: leaves 

opposite, small, 1 to 2 lines long: involucre very small, i line long, axillary, 

subsessile : glands 5, naked : seeds reddish, smooth, ^ line long. — In canons and 

on mountain sides. No. 842. 
A peculiar species. Our plant is abundantly covered with small oblong bodies, 

appearing like capsules, which are the result of insect work. 



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134 

Simmondsia Califomica Nntt. In canons, but not common. No. 817. 
Called ^^ Jojo baberry." 

SporoboluB argutUB Kunth. No. 856. 

Panicuxn lachnanthum Vasey and Scribn. No. 855. 

Panictun fasciculattun Vasey and 8cribn. No. 864. 

Muhlenbergia debilia Trin. No. 853. 

Setaria setosa Beanv. No. 857. 

Aristida dipersa Trin. No. 858. 

Bouteloua aristidoideB Thurb. No. 859. 

Bouteloua polyatachya Torr. No. 854. 

Bouteloua racemoaa L{ig. No. 861. 

Heterpogon contortus K. and S. No. 860. 

Diplachne Brandegei ViiHcy. No. 862. 

CenchruB Palmeri Vasey. No. 865. 

CyperuB. Too young for determination. No. 863. 

Indeterminable shrub. A shrub 3 feet high, 4 inches in diameter, with nmner* 

ous horizontal branches : leaves fascicled. Neither in fruit nor flower. Common 
near the beach. No. 881. It may be Japtrapha $patulata Muhl. A Phoradendran 
is parasitic upon it. 

A long, slender, cactus-like plant. No. 794. 



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LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY THE U. S. S. ALBATROSS IN 
1887-'91 ALONG THE WESTERN COAST OF AMERICA. 



The Division of Botany has from time to time reiwrted upon collec- 
tions made by the AlbatrosH in its various cruises alon;:^ the American 
coa8t and among the islands of the Pacific. The collectious here enu- 
merated were made at various times, extending jus far back as 1887. The 
first amd second jiarts are rei>orts by Mr. J. N. Itose on collections nnule 
by Prof. Alexander Agassiz* on Cocos and the Galapagos islands; the 
third part is a list of ferns from southern Patagonia, which have been 
determined by Prof. Daniel 0. Eaton, of Yale College; the fourth part 
is a report on the mosses from Fuegia and Patagonia, also by Prof. 
Eaton, giving notes, syncmymy, and bibliography, besides the descrip- 
tion of a new species; the fifth part is a list of Liverworts from south- 
ern Patagonia, by Mr. A. W. Evans, with descaiptions and illustrations 
of two new species; the sixth iiart contains a short list of the lichens 
from southern Patagonia by J. W. Eckfeldt, of Philsidelphia. 

All the material upon which these reports are based has been 
mounted and preserved in the National Herbarium. 

1. L.IST OF PL.ANT8 FROM COCOS ISLAND. 

By J. N. Rose. 

The few plants here enumerated were gotten by Mr. Alexander 
Agassiz in 1891, who seems to have spent but a single day (February 
28) on this island. 

This island lies southwest of Panama about 500 miles, in latitude 5^ 
35' and longitude 87o. 

Ipomcsa pes-caprae 8wet«t. 

ZSpidendrum sp. Tbe^o specimens have neither flower nor fruit. 

Paspalum vaginatum Swartz. 

Polypodiuxn sp. Three different species were obtained. 

Nephrodium pectinatum Presl. 1 have not seen specimens of this species, and it 
IB donbtftilly referred here. 

Meteomin patens^ Dozy and Molkenboer. ''This seemH to be M. patens of Dozy 
and Molkenboer. jud«;ing by their figure; but it is not the same as the Wilkes 
expedition specimen nor C. Wright's from Cuba. These have a shorter, rounde<\, 
and flatter leaf. M. aureum^ from Java, is a good deal like the Cocos Island 
specimen." — D. C. E. 

I A fhll account of Prof. Agassiz's cruise is to be foood in the Bulletin of Com- 
parative ZoSlogy of Harvard College, Vol. xxUi, No. 1. 
• Determined by Daniel C. Eaton. 

130 



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136 

2. lilST OP PliANTS FROM GAIiAPAGOS ISIiANDS. 

By J. N. RosK. 

These islands are ten in number, situated on the equator, and are 300 
to 600 miles from the mainland of South America. 

Two large collections have been made from these islands; Firsts that 
of Charles Darwin in 1835, who obtained about 200 species; and second, 
that of N. J. Andersson in 1851. 

David Douglass, with Dr. Scouler, also spent several days on these 
islands in 1825. Of the 150 si>ecies obtained by Douglass only 50 were 
saved, and these in very poor condition. Hugh Cummings made a small 
collection in 1829. Mr. Macrae also made a large collection, and Mr. 
Edmonstone, in 1845, collected largely here. Admiral Du Petit- 
Thouars obtained a few species. In 1845 Sir Joseph Hooker pub- 
lished the first enumeration of the plants of these islands. He reports 
upon 265 species, of which 253 are phanerogams and ferns, and of this 
number 123 are described as now. In 1861 N. J. Andersson published 
the second enumeration, being a report uj>on his collection (made in 
1852) and including all the previous collections. He enumemtes 392 
species, of which 372 are phanerogams and ferns, and of these 72 are 
described as new. 

MALVACE22. 

QoBBypium purpurascens Poir. (f) Duncan Island, April 2. Tbis is prob- 
ably the same plant that both Hooker and Andersson referred to the above 
species. It is certainly near G, Barhadense L., but the leaves are more strongly 
black-dotted than in any of the species in the National Herbarium. The flow- 
ers appear to be yellow. 

ZTGK>PH7LLACE.SL 

TribuluB maximuB L. Duncan Island. April 2. 

I am not able to separate this from the many forms of this 8x>ecie8. I suppose 
it is the same as the variety adBcendeas of Andersson, who obtained it from 
both Charles and Chatham islands. 

TribuluB servicenB Ands., var. humifusus Ands. Leaflets 7 pairs: petals 5 lines 
long: carpels 5, one Jibortive. — Charles Island. April 1. 

Also obtained here by Andersson. Only two small specimens were obtained, 
but these have both flower and fruit. The original description contains no ref- 
erence to the flowers and their size is given above. The flowers are considerably 
larger than T. terrestrU, to which it is nearly related. 

GERAKIACE2I. 

Ozalia (HedyBarioideae) AgaBBizi Rose, n. sp. Annual, erect, simple or branched, 
glabrate ; the younger part« hairy, 6 to 12 inches high : leaves on petioles 1 to I| 
inches long; leaflets 3, the odd one distinct, the lateral on short petiolules, 
broadly obovate, 6 to 9 linos long, 5 to 8 lines broad ; surface finely reticulat«<l 
resembling a minute honeycomb : peduncle about the length or longer than the 
loaves : flowers few, yellow : ovary oblong, obtuse, 3 lines long. — Duncan Island. 
April 2. 

Three other species have been found on these islands, viz : O. oamo9a MolinBy O. 
Camelli Ands. and 0. Barreliari Jacq., with none of which it agrees. It belongs 
to the same section as the last species, but differs in its annual babit^ color of 
flowers, eto« 



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137 

LEGUMINOS^I. 

Crotalarla glabrescens Ands. ( ?) Calyx not glabrous. Chatham Island. March 30. 

ParkijiAOnia aculeata L. Chati am iHland. March 30. 

Cassia occidentalis L. Chatham Island. March 30. 

Cassia picta Don. Chatham Island. March 30. 

Desmanthus depressua Hiimb. and Honpl. The specimens were very poor, but it is 

probably this species as this is the only one known from this island. Chatham 

Island. March 30. 

PA88IFLORACE2I. 

Passiflora fcstida Cav. Charles Island, April 1, and Chatham Island, March 30. 

COMPOSITE!. 

Lipochseta laricifolia Gray. Only a single specimen was found on Charles Island, 
April 1. 

This was originally described as a new genus by Dr. Hooker, but was after- 
wards disposed as above by Dr. Gray. 

Chrysanthelluxn pusillum Hook. Charles Island, April 2, and Chatham Island, 
March 28. 

Porophyllum ellipticuin Cass. Chatham Island. March 28. 

BORAGINACII2I. 

Cordia lutea Lam. Charles Island, April 1, and Duncan Island, April 2. 

I have followed Sir Joseph Hooker in referring this plant to C. luiea, as I have 
not been able to clearly separate it specifically. The acceptance of Andersson's 
conclusions would now require a new combination of names, and until further 
material can be examined it hud better remain under the old name. 

Heliotropimn Curassavicam Gray. Chatham Island. March 30. 

CONVOLVULACE2I. 

IpomcBa, sp. Flowers 4 to 5 inches long. 

EvolvtiluB glabriusculus Choisy. Charles Island. April 2. 

SOLANACE2I. 

Physalia angulata L. Charles Island. April 1. 

VERBIINACE2I. 

Lantana, sp. Charles Island. April 2. 

Lippia lanceolata Michx. Chatham Island. March 30. 

Only a single specimen collected. This plant is not reported either by Hooker 
or Andersson. 
Clerodendron moUe H. B. K. Charles and Chatham islands. 

CHENOPODIACE2I. 

Telanthera, sp. Chatham Island. March 30. 

Telanthera echinocephala Moqu. ( f ) Charles and Chatham islands. 

EUPHORBIACE^I. 

Euphorbia nummularia Hook. Chatham Island. March 30. 
Euphorbia articulata Ands. Chatham Island. March 30. 
Croton, sp. Charles Island. April 1. 
Aoalypha Aimt^a Ands. Chatham Island. March 30. 



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138 

CTPERACII2I. 

CjrperuB confertuB Swartz^ fide N. L. Britten. Charles Island. April 2. Chatham 
Island. March 30. 

QBJLNUNBJD. 

Panicmn hirticanlon Presl. Chatham Island. March 30. 
Panicum fuBcam Swartz. Chatham Island. March 30. 
EleuBine indica Ga*rtn. Chatham Island. March 30. 
Dachylocteniuni iSBgyptiacum Willd. Chatham Island. March 30. 
DiBtichliB. Chatham Island. March 30. 

HEPATIC^!. 

Plagiochila AnderBBonii.' Angntr. in Ofver af Kongl. Vetensk. — Akad Jorbandl, 
1873, No. 5, p. 114. On roots of Parkinsonia aculeata, 

3. L.I8T OF FEKNS FROM SOUTHERN PATAGONIA. 

By Dajsiel C. Eaton. 

Lycopodium Magellanicum Swartz. Mayne Harbor. 

Gleichenia quadripartita Hook. Borja Bay and Island Harbor. 

AlBophila pniinata Kaulf. Port Otway. 

Hyxnenophyllotn cruentum Cav. Island Harbor. 

HyxnenophyUum candiculatum Mart. Port Otway. 

Hymenophyllam Becanduin H. and 6. Port Otway and Mayne Harbor. 

Hymenophylliun peotinatum Cav. Island Harbor and Mayne Harbor. 

Hymenophyllnm tortuoBum H. and G. Island Harbor and Mayne Harbor. 

Lomaria L'Herminieri Borg. 

Lomaria procera Spreng. 

Lomaria Boryana Willd. Borja Bay and Mayne Harbor. 

ABpidiuin aculeatum Swartz. 

Polypodium auBtrale Mitten. Mayne Harbor. 

4. lilbT OF MOSSES FROM FUEGIA AND PATAGONIA, 

By Daniel C. Eaton. 

There are only 10 true mosses in this collection, while not less than 
152 species are attributed to Fuegia. It is to be hoped that as Ujjited 
States Government vessels pass through the Straits of MageUan some 
person may be willing to gratify American bryologists by making large 
collections of these interesting plants. 

Dicranum robuBtum Hook. f. et Wils. Fl. Antarct. 406 1. 152, f. 8. Port Chnrruca, 
Straits of Magelhm. A form with nearly straight leaves, Var. PUNGKNsHook. 
f. Handbook of New Zealand Flora, p. 412, was collected at Island Harbor, Pata- 
gonia. It has the loaves more falcate and with even slenderer capillary points. 

Dicranam imponenB Montagne. Ann. d. sc. nat. t. xvi. 241. D, involutifolium 
Sulliv. in Hook. Journ. of Bot. 1850, p. 316. Borja Bay, Straits of Magellan. 
Two forms were collected, one with stems 6 inches long, the other only 2 inches 
high and of a darker color. 

' Determined by A. W. Kvans, Now Haven, Conn, 



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139 

Racomitrium rupestre TTook. f. et Wils. Fl. N. Z. ii. 75. Dryplodon rupeatriSj 
Hook. f. et Wils. Fl. Antarct. p. 402, t. 152, f. 1. Port Churruca, Straits of 
Magellan ; barren plants. The plants have a yellowish brown color instead of 
the lurid brown of the original description, but seem to differ in no other respect. 

Raoomitrium lanuginosum Bridel. Mayne Harbor, Patagonia; not in fruit. 

Ulota fiilvella Mitten. Joum. Linn. Soc. iv. 75. Borja Bay, Straits of Magellan, 
growing on Berheris Uicifolia^ in fruit. This is one of four species ( U. fulvtUay 
U, eremitensiSf U. glabella, and U. Fueyiana) into which Mr. Mitten divided the 
Orthotrichum luteolum of the Flora Antarctica. The pedicels are 3 to 5 times 
the length of the capsules, while Mr. Mitten's description makes them only 
twice as long, but the leaves agree with his character of *' margined with a 
single row of oblong hyaline cells." The inner peristome he was unable to 
find. These specimens show it to be composed of eight slender cilia, about half 
the length of the outer teeth, each of a single row of cells. 

Brynxn ccelophylluin, Eaton n. sp. Plant half an inch high, densely cespitose and 
niatte<l with brown branching radicles ; stems slender, mostly simple, not comose- 
capitate; leaves consimilar, loosely imbricated when dry, erect -spreading 
when moist, broadly roundish-ovate from a wide and scarcely decurrent base, 
very concave, obscurely pointed, margins erect or slightly incurved, entire, 
nerve rather stout, extending almost to the apex; cells of the leaf rhomboid- 
hexagonal, hyaline, those along the margin longer and narrower except near 
the base and the apex; flowers and fruit unknown. 

Port Churruca, Straits of Magellan. A densely tufted plant with something 
the appearance of the specimens of B. nivale collected by the Wilkes exploring 
expedition, but the leaves here are shorter, broader, firmer, more concave, and 
comparatively pointless. They measure 1.65 to 1.75 mm. in length, and are 
nearly as broad, though it is difficult to measure their width, as under a cover- 
glass they are forced into several hmgitudiual folds. The average length of 
the leaf-cells is 0.05 mm. The color is a dull green, becomiug brownish as the 
leaves grow older. B. platyphyllumj as figured by Schwiegrichen (t. 324) has 
leaves much like those of this moss, but differs in having the ends of the stems 
and branches comose-capitate. 

CcBlidium cochlearifolium Jaeg. et Sauerb. Adumbr. ii. p. 383. Hypnum cochleari- 
folium Schwaegr. Suppl. i. sect. ii. p. 221, t. 88. Port Otway, Patagonia ; in fruit, 
the plant growing on a slender twig, and with long straggling branches like a 
Meteorium. The allied species, C auriculatumy though originally discovered in 
the Straits of Magellan, is not in this collection. It has more decidedly auricu- 
late leaves and a much longer pedicel than the present species. 

Ptychomnion aciculare Jaeg. et Sauerb. Adumbr. ii. 616. Hypnum aciculare. 
Labill. Schwaegr. Suppl. t. 92. Hypnum cygnisetum C. Miill. Bryologia 
Fuegiana, in " Flora," 1885, p. 425. Port Otway, Patagonia ; not in fruit. Miiller 
has separated the American from the New Zealand plant on account of its greater 
robustness and its swan-necked pedicel. But some of the New Zealand specimens 
are even stouter than the Patagonian, and the curved pedicels are found also in 
New Zealand. 

Hypnum. fluitans L. Patagonia. Sterile specimen rather denser than the com- 
mon forms of this species; possibly Amhlysiegium Fuegianum Mitten. 

Hypopterygium Thonini Mont, in Ann. d. sc. Nat. ser. 3, iv. 86. Hypnum Thouini, 
Schwaegr. Suppl. t. 289. Port Otway, Patagonia; in fruit. C. Miiller, in Bryol. 
Fuegiana, expresses a doubt as to this moss having been found by Couimerson in 
Fuegia. In the Flora Antarctica it is stated that Capt. King gathered it at 
Port Famine. The present fine specimens amply confirm the southern range of 
the 8i»ecies. 

766— No. 5 2 



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140 



5. T^IST OF L.IVERWORTS FROM SOUTHERN PATAGONIA. 

By A. W. Evans. 

Lejeunea Spniceana Massnl. iu Nnovo Gior. Hot. Ital. xvii. 246, t. xxiv, f. 27. 

Porella foeteus Trevis. Nauv. Class. Ep. p. 25 (Madotlieca fastens De Not. in 
Mem. Ace. Tor. ser. ii. T. xvi. 231, f. 17). 

Lepidolaena Menzieaii Diim. Rev. des Genres, p. 13 (Jungermannia Menzicsii 
Hook. Muse. Exot. t. cxviii: Polyotus Menziesii Gottsclie in G. L. et N. Syn. 
Hep. p. 247). 

L. Magellanica (Jungermannia Magellanica Lam. in Schwaegr. Prod. p. 14, t. i; 
Hook. Muse. Exot. t. cxv: Polyotus Magellanicus Gottsche in G. L. et N. Syn. 
Hep. p. 248). Strait« of Magellan. 

Herberta ChilenBis Trevis. Nuov. Class. Ep. p. 15 (Sendtnera Chilensis De Not. in 
Mem. Ace. Tor. ser. ii. T. xvi. 228, f. 14: Schisma Chilense Massal. in Nuovo 
Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 251, t. xxv. f. 31). Mayne Harbor and Port Churruca. 

Lepicolea ochroleuca Lindb. in Acta Soc. Sc. Fenn. x. 516 (Sendtnera ocbrcdiMua 
Nees in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 240). Mayne Harbor and Port Churruca. 

Isotachis Spegazziniana Massal. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 220, t. xvi. f. 10. 
Port Churruca. 

Cephalozia scabrella Massal. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 233, t. xx. f. 19. Mayne 
Harbor. 

AdelanthuB unciformis Spruce in Jonm. Bot. xiv. (Plagiochila unciformis Hook, 
f. et Tayl. in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 563: P. sphalera Hook. f. et Tayl. 1. e. p. 
563: Jungermannia (Plag.) unciformis Hook. f. et Tayl. Fl. Ant. ii. 425, t. clvi. 
f. 5: J. sphalera Hook. f. et Tayl. 1. c. p. 427, t. clvi. f. 8). Borja Bay. 

Schistocalyz chloroleuca Lindb. iu Journ. Linn. Soc. xiii. 185 (Scapauia chlo- 
roleuca Tayl. in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 662: Jungermannia (Scap.) chloroleuca 
Hook. f. et Tayl. Fl. ABt. ii. 433, t. clxi. f. 5: Blepharidophyllum vertvbrale 
Angstr. var. chloroleucum Massal. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 208). I'ort 
Churruca. 

Lophocolea obvolutaBformis Massal. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 223 (Jun- 
germannia obvolutseformis De Not. in Mem. Ace. Tor. ser. ii. T. xvi. 220, f. 8}. 
Borja Bay. 

L. fiilvella Massal. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 227 (Jungermannia fulvella Tayl. 
in Hook. f. Fl. Ant. ii, 432, t. clviii. f. 1 : Chiloscyphus fulvellus Nees in G. L. et 
N. Syn. Hep. p. 711). Island Harbor. 

L. apiculata Evans n. sp. Loosely ctespi lose, pale green, turning blackish-brown witli 
age; stems mostly simple, rarely giving oft* one or two lateral branches; lea ve« 
alternate, approximate or arched-imbricated, dorso-veutrally compressed, the line 
of insertion being a sharp parabolic curve, broadly ovate-orbicular, entirt% the 
dorsal margin abruptly decurrent, slightly cordate towards the base, the ventral 
margin more gradually decurrent, not cordate, the apex rounded, apieulate; 
amiihigastria mostly subimbricated, strongly retlexed or rovolute, about as largo 
as the leaves, orbicular-reniform, entire, l<m«j-decurrent on both sides, the a|>ex 
broad, apiculate; perianth terminal on a very short lateral branch, ovate, 
broadly 3- winged, the wings and mouth irregularly creuulate; involucral leaves 
oue pair, similar in size and shape to the stem-leaves, slightly crenulate, scarcely 
decurrent; involucral amphigastrium reflexed, orbicular, creuulate, free from the 
involucral leaves ; androecia not seen. 

Plants 7-10 cm. long, with the leaves, 3-4 mm. wide; leaves and amphigastria 
2-3 mm. wide; leaf-cells thin- walled, 5- or 6-8ided, becoming larger and rectan- 
gular iu the decurrent portions, in the middle of the leaf averaging 0.044 ^^n, io 
diameter, on the borders, 0.034 mm.— Port Churruca. 



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Contf. Nat Herb., Vol. I. 



Plate XV. 




P 




LOPHOCOLEA APICULATA n. »p. 



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Contr. Nat. Herb.. Vol. I. 



Plate XVI. 





^IK>a\ii^ AA>. 



SCHISTOCHILA QUADRIFIDA n. sp. 



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141 

This curious specie* is very doubtfully roforred to the genus Lophocoleat ft'om 
whose typical species it dift'ers especially in the large, entire ainphiga«tria and 
in the extremely short fertile branch with its iovolucral leaves reduced to a 
single pair. The sharply curve<l line of inMertion of the leaves (which is similar 
fo that found in certain PlagiochilcB) also distinguishes it from most LophocoleeBj 
where the leaves are rarely deeply decurrent ventrally. It differs from Chiloncyphns 
in the position of the fertile branches and in the winged perianths. 

Explanation of Plate XV. — Fig. 1, stem, natural aire ; fig. 2, part of stem, ventral view ; fig. 
3, part of stem with fertile branch, the latter seen dorsally ; tig. 4, leaf, ventral view ; fig. 5, leaf, 
spread out, lateral view; fig. 6, leaf, dorsal view; fig. 7, amphigostriuni, natural appearance; 
f g. 8, amphigastrium, spread out; fig. 9, fertile branch, ventral view, the ampbigastriunuspread 
out ; fig. 10, perianth, dorsal view. 

ChiloBcyphuB pallide-vireus Tayl. in G. L. et N, Syn. Hep. p. 178 (Jungeniiannia 
(Chil.) pallide-virens Hook. f. et Tayl. Fl. Ant. ii. 439, t. clix. f. 9). Borja 
Bay. 

C. grandifoliusTayl. in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 185 (Jnngermannia (Chil.) grandi- 
folia Hook. f. et Tayl. Fl. Ant. ii. 440, t. clix. f. 8). 

C. •Tirrepens Tayl. in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 179 (Jungermannia (Chil.) surrepens 
Hook. f. et Tayl. Fl. Ant. ii. 440, t. clx. f. 1). 

Plagiochila distinctifolia Lindenb.(f) Spec. Hepat. Fasc. i. 17, t. iii; G. L. et 
N. Syn. Hep. p. 30. Port Otway, attached to Nymenaphyllvm secundum. 

P. hlrtaTayl. in Hook. f. Fl. Nov. Zeal. ii. 134; Massal. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. 
xvii. 209, t. xiii. f. 4. 

P. duricaulis Hook. f. et Tayl. in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 641 (Jungemiauuia (Flag.) 
duricaulis Hook. f. et Tayl. Fl. Ant. ii. 426, t. clvi. f. 9). Port Otway and Island 
Harbor. 

Jungermannia colorata Lehm. in Linnipa iv. 3<>6; G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. pp. 86 et 
673. Boija Bay. Var. akcta Massul. in Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. xvii. 215 (J. 
arcta De Not. in Mem. Ace. Tor. ser. ii. T. xvi. 219, f. 6). Mayne Harbor. 

J. involutifoUa Mont, in Voyag. au P61e Sud, I, Bot. Crypt, p. 259; G. L. et N. Syn. 
Hep. p. 81; De Not. in Mem. Ace. Tor. ser. ii. T. xvi. p. 216, f. 4. Borja Bay. 

Schistochila lamellata Dum. Kev. des Genres, p. 15 (Jungermannia lamellata 
Hook. Muse. Exot. t. xlix ; Gottschea lamellata Nees in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 
20). Port Churruca. 

8. laminigera (Gottschea laminigera Tayl. in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 623; Junger- 
mannia (Gottschea) laminigera Hook. f. et WIIh. in Fl. Ant. ii. 425, t. clvi. f. 4). 
Borja Bay. 

S. atratosa (Gottschea stratosa Mont, in G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 620). 

S. quadrlfida £vans n. sp. Sterile, grayish or brownish green; stems simple, with 
purple radicles; leaves spreading obliquely, contiguous or slightly imbricated, 
complicate, hilobed about one-fourth their length ; dorsal lobe broader than the 
ventral, ovate or falcate-ovate, arching over the stem, somewhat cordate at base 
and often produced into a small, irregular, ligulate or ciineate auricle, the mar- 
gin sharply toothed toward the ciliate-dent^te apex, otherwise sub-entire; ven- 
tral lobe more or less convolute, ovate-lanceolate, deeply lobed and usually re- 
flexed at base, the margin and apex coarsely toothed; both dorsal and ventral 
lobes extending backwards as narrow, sinuous or toothed laminte, that of the 
ventral lobe being more or less decurrent; amphigastria contiguous, plicate, 
broadly quadrifid, the lobes unequal, strongly and coarsely dentate or ciliate. 

Stems 4 cm. long; leaves 1.5-2 mm. long, 1.25-1.75 mm. wide when explanate; 
amphigastria 1mm. X 1.25 mm.; leaf-cells 0.034 mm. in diameter in middle of 
leaf. 

Explanation of Plate XVI.— Fig. 1, a leaf, dorsal view; fig. 2, a leaf, ventral view; fig. 
3, a leaf, spi^ead oat; fig. 4, an amphiga«trium, spread ont. 

Ajieura multifida Dum. ( f ) Comm. Bot. p. 115 ; G. L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 496. Mayne 
Harbor and Borja Bay. Sterile specimensi doubtftilly referred to this speoies. 



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142 

A. Fuegiensis (Riccardia Fue^iensis MasHal. in Nuovo Gior. Hot. Ital. xvii. 255, t. 

xxvi. f. 34). 
Anthoceros endiviaefolius Mont, in Voyag. an P61e Sad, I, Bot. Crypt, p. 2il; G. 

L. et N. Syn. Hep. p. 5iK). Borja Bay. 

6. LIST OF L,ICUEN8 FROM SOUTHERN PATAGONIA. 

By J. W. ECKFELDT. 

Cladonla rangiferina var^sYLVATicA Hft'ni. Mayue Harbor. 

Neplproma antarcticmn J acq. 

Cora' pavonia "Web. Island Harbor. 

Pannaiia subcinciiinata Nyl. 

Sphaerophoron australe Lanr. 

Stiicta Preycinetii Del. 

Stricta UrvUlei Del. var. flavican.s Hook. 

' It w t«H-hni(>al]y a lirhen, bavin;; gonidia inter»pers«Ml amoDj; the liyplitr, but it is nsutdly claA^ied 
amoDK the Fuiuji. The |:fnii8 ^tjintlH iirxt to Thelrf^Uora anion); tb«* llynienomycetee. Theidnnt ha* 
nothiixg to do wilh I'adina pacouia, though it re.-H-uiblta it in general appearauce.— D. C. Katom. 



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REVISION OF THE NORTH AMERICAN SPECIES OF 
HOFFMANSEGGIA. 



By E. M. Fi.siiKR. 



In this paper species of tlie United States and Mexico are inclnded. 
Foreign species are omitted except where they extend into this country. 
The genus is taken as conunouly defined, no attempt being made except 
to present a synoi>tical view of the sj^ecies. Tliis revision is based 
upon the material contained in the National Herbarium, in which nearly 
all the species are fully represented, and which has been placed in my 
hands through the kindness of Dr. George Vasey. I am also indebted 
to Dr. Sereno Watson, Dr. John M. Coulter, Dr. William Trelease, Mr. 
John Donnell Smith, and Mr. I. C. Martiudale, who have placed at my 
disposal the collections which they own or have in charge. I am espe- 
cially indebted to Dr. Coulter for his many suggestions and his assfst- 
ance at difficult points. The compound microscope wsis used contin- 
ually throughout these observations, and is indispensable in testing 
many relationships. 

Historical sketch. — This genus was established by Cavenilles, and 
published in his Icones iv. 63 (1797), as containing two species, H.fal- 
carta and H. tri/oliata. Two years later (1799), in Icones v. 1. 1. 402, he 
published the genus Pomaridj including one si>ecie^, P. glandulosa, 
De Candolle defined the genus Melanosticta and published it in his 
Memoires Leguminosiie xii (1835), including one species, M, Burchellii, 
Torrey and Gray (Fl. N. A. i. 392) united them all without hesitation. 
Up to that time (1H40) there were only 3 or 4 species described in North 
America. At the present time 15 species and 9 varieties have come 
under my observation, of which 2 species and 4 varieties seem to have 
been undescribed. 

Characters. — The glands furnish the first and most important group 
of characters, and in several instances furnish specific distinctions. 
They may be thrown into two different divisions: stipitate glands and 
black sessile (or subsessile) glands. The forqier belong to Hoffmameg- 
gia proper (having petals with long claws) and the old genus Pomaria 
(having petals with short claws); while the latter are characteristic of 
the old genus Melanosticta, Another group contains both kinds. The 
Melanosticta group is further separated into three divisions by the 
characters of the glands on the flowers, which is suflicient to clear up 

143 



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144 

the confdsion concemino: H, Jamesii and H, melanosticta. The claws 
of the petals and the style furnish some important characters. The 
pod furnishes some of the most important specific distinctions^ but can 
not be of prime importance in grouping, for the fruit of a specdes and 
its varieties may differ widely. 

SYl^OPSIS. 

^ 1. Stipitaie-glandular (except No. 4): ovate stipules and ovate attenuate bracts m^mhrO' 
naceous; leaflets oblong j nerveless: filaments straight , tcith short and thick hairs. 

* Claws of petals long^ densely glandular j that of rexillum thick and usually %roadly di- 
lated: filaments and oblong Ofary glandular: style claratCy slightly beaked: pod falcate 
and with persistent sepals: herbaceous. 

1. H. falcaria Cav. Ic. iv. t. 392 (1797). Sterna procumbent, 2 to 25 cm. high, from a 
creeping root (bearing now and tben a tuber), puberulent, sparsely glandulw, 
ttcarious at bafie: leaves with 7 to 11 pinnse; leaflete 6 to 10 pairs, pubernlent or 
glabrate ; stipules broadly ovate, scarcely acute : peduncle usually short, bear- 
ing a raceme of few flowers on suberect i)edicel8: sepals scarcely acut«, 4 to 5 
mm. long: petals with inner edge of claw densely glandular as well as back of 
vexillum which has a thick dilated claw: outer stamens with copious clavate 
glands : pod falcate, 3 to 4 cm. long, with round apex and acute base, on recurved 
pedicel, more or less glandular, compressed between the 8 to 12 dark obovate 
seeds. 
Habitat: From Southern Arizona through Mexico (San Luis Potosi) to Chili and 
Patagonia. 

Specimens examined: Arizona (Z>mm on, 1881, in part); San Luis Potosi {Schaffner 
832, 1876); Argentine Republic (at Cordova, 1829; Pntagonia, Andrews 333); Chili 
{Morong 1191 ; Phillip's distribution 1324 ) ; also specimens culti vate<l at the botanical 
gardens of Montpellier (1824) and Delile (1821). 

This polymorphic species has a wide distribution, and has been heretofore divided 
into several species and varieties. The specimens found in the Unit<»d States and 
Mexico have been calle^l H. stncta with its var. demisMi, and H. densiflora^ while those 
of South America and those cultivated in France have been called H. falcaria. Mr. 
Bentham remarks that ''the above species (H. stricta. demissa and densifiora) agree 
with H. falcaria in their most important characters," but does not state how they 
differ. The only difference yet noticed between the North and South American forms 
is that the latter have ovaries with fewer glands and the corolla is oft^'n a deeper yel- 
low ; otherwise they agree. Some of the Morong specimens are very low, erect, very 
glandular, with rather dense racemes; while others are 45 cm. high, with long loose 
racemes. It differs from var. siricia in being procumbent and having the mature 
fruit rounded at ainsx, approaching that of U. drepanocarpa in most respects. The 
Srhaffner and Lemmon specimens agree with the descriptitm of H. faleariaj but 
they agree more with the plants themselves. The following seem to be well marked 
varieties: 

Var. 8TKICTA. Erect, 10 to 30 cm. high: stipules obtuse, villous on margin: pe- 
duncles long, bearing a loose raceme of suberect flowers : sepals obtuse : vexillum 
with claw usually more dilated: pod long, obtuse (»r acute, usually on spre^uliug 
pedicels; seeds 6 to 9. 

H. stncta Benth. in Gray, PI. Wright, i. 56. 

From Kansas south westward through the United States and northern Mexico to 
Zacatecas and Lower California. 

Specimens examined: Kansas (Be//, 1867); Texas (Rererchon 162, 806; Nealley 
112, 335, 478; Vasey, 1881, 1882, 132; fVright 1025; Gerard 48; Leroy distribution); 
Arizona (Palmer, 1885, 1889, 59 in part; Jiothrock, 1875, 3")1; Lemmon, 1880, in part. 



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145 

34 ; Smart, 1867) ; California ( Fewfy, 1881 ; Pariah 1410) ; San Luis Potosi (Parry and 
PalfMfr 202); CoahuUa (Palmer 267, 268); Mexico (Coulter 488, type; Gregg 148, 
type; Farlow 182); Lower California (BrandegeCj 1889). 

Type in (iray Herbarium. 

Var. DEM 188 A. Low, 7 to 20 cm. high, erect: raceme short pedunoled, with few 
flowers ou spreading pedicels which are recurved in fruit: yexillum with claw 
shorter, broailer, and more dilated: pod smaller (3 cm. long), obtuse, slightly 
curved, usually constricted at one or more places. 

H. demissa Beuth. M8. 

H. strieta, var. demuaa Gray, PI. Wright, i. 56. 

H. denitifiora Bentb. in Gray, PI. Wright, i. 55. 

Habitat: Southern Arizona and New Mexico, Northwestern Texas, and San Luis 
Potosi near Saltillo. 

Specimens examined: Arizona (Palmer 59; Coue and Palmer 238, in part); New 
Mexico (Wnght 2026); Texas (fVrighl 148; Thusher 99; Eeverchon; Vaeey 1181, in 
part); Pope Ist Exp., place and no. not given; Coahuila (Gregg 268, type); Mexico 
{Schumann 182). 

Type in Gray Herbarium. 

Var. KusBYi. Strict, 18 to 20 cm. high, scarcely branched, with the thick stems, 
petioles, and peduncles glandular above: leaves few, 10 to 13 cm. long; pinn» 9 to 
13 ^usually 11); stipules very thin, acute, puberulent, few villi ou margin: flowers 
large: sepals broad, thin, subacute, almost naked; lamina of petals broad, that of 
yexillum circular and densely glandular, with claw broad, thicker, with one dilation 
or none: style thick. 

Habitat: Ungus Springs, New Mexico. 

Specimens examined: New Mexico (Rushy 111, type). 

Type in Herb. J. Doimell-Sniith and Missouri Botanical Gardens. 

Var. Pkinglei. Subceapitose, with the spreading branches 10 to 17 cm. high : 
upper stems and petioles slightly glandular: stipules pointed, villous: raceme sub- 
capitate before an thesis, densely villous, on short peduncles: flowers large, on short 
pedicels: petals broad, shorter clawed, the vexilluuk with claw broadly dilated. 

Habitat: Santa Cruz Valley (near Tucson), Arizona. 

Specimens examined: Arizona (Pringle^ 1881, in part, type). 

Type in Herb. Gray, Coulter (authentic), J. Donnell-Smith, Canby and Martin- 
dale. 

The very low, densely racemed and glandular forms, distributed under this num- 
ber, belong to the next. 

Var. CAPiTATA. Very low, 5 to 9 cm. high, with the simple stems, foliage and in- 
florescence loosely subvillous and covered (except leaflets) with large, dark capi- 
tat*^ glands: leavi's 3 to 5, small; pinnte 5 to 9; leaflets subelliptical : raceme sub- 
capitate on very short peduncle: flowei-s 6 to 12, small, pendent on short pedicels. 

Habitat: Santa Cruz Valley (near Tucson), Arizona. 

Specimens examined: Arizona (/'/•iM</?<<, 1881, in part). Flowering parts like the 
last, except much smaller. 

Type in Herb. Gray, Coulter, Canby, J. Donnell-Smith and Martindale. 

** Petals with short claws, fete or no glands, the verillum with claw acareely or not 

dilated: stipules acute. 
-^ Vexillum with narrow claw: filaments glandless: stems low and herbaceous. 
^ Style subclavate: pod falcate. 
2. H. drepanocarpa Gray, PI. Wright, i. 58 (1852). Spreading, glandless through- 
out, cinereous-pnberulent, with several short stems from a thick ligneous perpendic- 
ular root, and bearing the slender peduncles (12 to 30 cm. high) of the elongated and 
loose raceme of few slender flowers: pinnsB 7 to 11; leaflets 8 to 10 pairs: sepals 
slightly shorter than the very short-clawed petals : pod strongly falcate, on spread- 



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146 

sng pedicels, ronnded at both endn, reticulated, comprossed between the 7 to 11 
broadly obovatc seedn. 

Habitat: From Colorado to Texas and throughout southwestern United States. 

Specimens examined: Colorado {Brandegetf 1874, 1877, 527; Porter^ 1874); New 
Mexico ( Vasey, 1881 ; yVright ^52, type, 1027, type in part) ; Texa« ( Vasey 132, 1881) ; 
Arizona ( PHngU 43 ; Lemnwnj 1881 ; Rothrock 1008 ; C'om« and Palmer 513 ; Le Boy's dis- 
tribution); California (Fa^ey, 1881). 

Type in Herb. Gray and Missouri Botanical Gardens. 

3. H. ozycarpa Benth. in Gray. PI. Wright, i. 55 (1852). Plant, 10 to 20cm. high, 
slender, villous, glandular, from a subfrutescent base: pinna?, 7 to 11; leaflets 5 to 
9 pairs, slender, glabrous or subvillous, glandular, stipellate; raceme rather dense, 
with several small and pendent flowers: sepals glandular on margin: petals almost 
naked: style glabrous, slender: pod broadly falcate, 25 by 7 mm., very acute, long 
stipitate, glandular, with 3 to 6 dark brown seeds. 

Habitat: From western Texas to Arizona and through northeastern Mexico to 
Monterey. 

Specimens examined: Texas ( Wright 1024, 147; Neally 111, 798); Nuevo Leon {Dr, 
Gregg J 1847, type; Edwards ^ Eaton 12, type). 

Types in Herb. Gray. 

■M.-M-,S72//c cylindrical J bell-shaped above: pod linear-oblofig, 

4. H. gracilis Watson Proc. Am. Acad. xvii. 347 (1882). Low (10 to 16cm. high), 
puborulent, with very slender stems and branches, glandless: pinnte 3 to 7; leaflete 
5 to 8 pairs, glabrate, glandular, stipellate; stipules acute or att«nuatec racemes 
loose, with a few suberect flowers on very long pedicels; sepals concave, oblong- 
obovate, blunt; voxillum with claw rather narrow: filaments with obtuse pubes- 
cence: style pubescent: pod slightly curved, 25 by 5 mm., acute, suberect on 8prea«l- 
ing pedicels, 8<*arcely glandular, compressed between the 6 to 9 seeds. 

Habitat: Coahuila, 40 miles south of Saltillo. 

Specimens examined: Coahuila {Pahmr 275, type). 

Closely related to H, oxycatpa. Type in Herb. Gray, J. Donnell-Smith, Canby 
and Martindale. 

The two following species I have not seen, but translate Mr. Bontham's descrip- 
tion as given in Gray, PI. Wright, i. 57. "The first (^ Gladiatay^ including H. gladi- 
ata and H. platycarpa, Herb. coll. Trin. Dubl., with the habit and foliage of ff, 
sirivta, without black dots on leaves, has the flowers nearly as in H, Drummondiiy 
and a straight or slightly curved pod, blunt at apex, with the upper or seminal 
suture more or loss convex, and usually broadest below the middle." 

5. H. gladiata. Stipules ovate, acute; pinna) 3 to 6 pairs and an odd one; 
leaflets oblong, nerveless and glandless: calyx acute, hirsute, glandular: pet<als ob- 
long, with very short Mtij»es; pod lanceolate, slightly incurved, minutely hirsute, 
and scarcely glandular. (Zimapan, Mexico, Coulter.) 

6. H. platycarpa. Stipules ovate, acut«; pinn» 4 to 6 pairs and an odd one; 
leaflets oblong, nerveless, glandless: calyx acute, hirsute, glandular: petals ovate, 
scarc*'ly stipitate: pod broadly oblong, pubescent scarcelj' glandular. (Mexico, 
Coulter.) 

■*--*- Vcxillum broad, sessile, glandular: style cyliudrical: pod lunate (much curved), acute, 
attenuate below, glabrous: glandular-stipellate, 

7. H. Dnimmondii Torr. and Gray, Fl. N. Am. i. 393 (1840). Plants 8 to 10 cm. 
high, glabrate, glandular, much branched, frutescent from a shrubby base: leaves 
small (15 to 25 cm. long); pinnaB 3 (seldom 5); leaflets 4 t-o 6 pairs, linear (4 mm. 
long); stipules small: flowers with conical bases: vexillum red spotted, nearly 
naked below : filaments with few very short and blunt hairs, the outer glandular: 
pods 2 cm. long. 



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147 

Habitat: From AnHtin to El Paso, Texas. 

SpecimenB examined : Texas ( irrigkt, 1><49). 

The upper stamens are scarcely dilated and with very large s^jpitate glands. 

8. H. Texensis. Suffruteseent, scarcely glandular, 20 cm. high, everywhere the 
^ayish hark covered with a tine puhescence: stems intricately hranched into many 
very slender branchlets: leaves many: very small (10 to 18 mm. long); pinna* 3, de- 
ciduous; leaflets minute, 3 to 5 pairs; stipules minute, glandular: peduncles 2 to 4 
cm. long, slender, with 2 to 5 minute flowers: vexillum with a dense tuft each side 
of base: stamens glandless, the pubescence rather short, thick, pointe<l, dense be- 
low on upper stamens : style very slender : pod 15 cm. long. 

Habitat: Texas, on the Nueces. 

Specimens examined: Texas {Jierlaiidier 612, type). 

Type in Herb. Gray. 

This species is most nearly related to H. Drnmmondii in respect to the shape of leaf- 
lets, pod, petals, and style; otherwise its gray, pubescent, flexuous branches and 
branchlet« (scarcely larger below than above), its many petioles without pinme and 
short branchlets, its very small leaves, leaflet** and flowers, its vexillum much tuft**d 
at base, and its stamens not glandular but much pubescent, with the upi)er prom- 
inently setose- appcndagcd, makes this a very distinct species. 

t--^-- Vexillum with broad and thick claw, yJandUsn as well as filaments: style very long 
and cylindrical: pod lunatcy icith thin, lanceolate, deddwous sepals: stems frutes- 
centf greenish, virgate: leaves small; stipules and bracts lanceolate, caducous. 

9. H. microphylla Torr. Mex. Bound. 58 (1K59). Plant 2 to 12 cm. high, velvety 
pnbemlent: pinnsB 3, the odd one twice as lou^ and with 7 to 11 pairs of leaflets, the 
lateral with 5 or 6 pairs; leaflets 3 mm. long, pubescent: racemes many, much elon- 
gated, loose, with many flowers (buds blunt) : sepals pubescent, tlie lower much 
broader, concave: style pubescent, inclined above: pod lunate, both ends acute, 
upper suture nearly straight, 20 by 7 mm., pubescent, 2 to 6-seeded. 

Habitat: From southern California through western Sonora and Lower California. 

Specimens examined: California (Parish Bros. 591; S. B. Parish, 1880; Vasey, 
1880; Palmer, 1870); Sonora (Pnngle, 1884; Palmer); Lower California (Palmrr W3 
in part). 

Palmer's pubescent specimens of .543, from Sonora, are smaller in every respect, 
with fewer flowers, the leaflets often glandular on margin, and the stamens with 
longer pubescence. It is closely related to the next. 

10. H. glabra. Glabrous throughout (except marji^in of stipules and calyx), 46 cm. 
(or more) high, rigid branched (usually from one side): lateral pinnie 1 cm. long, 
with 5 pairs of leaflets, the terminal slightly longer and with ]mirs: racemes 
slender, 12 to 17 cm. long, bearing 15 to 25 small small flowers (buds acute): fila- 
ments (upper) with appendage narrow, densely setose on top, projecting at right 
angles, the pubescence long and slender: style scarcely enlarged or inclined above: 
pod lunatt?, 15 by 6 mm., with upper suture curved, acute, base attt^nuate. 

H. microphylla var. glabra Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. xxiv. 47. 

Habitat: On Los Angeles Bay, Lower California 

Specimens examined: Lower California {Palmer 543, in part type). 

Type in Herb. Gray, J. Donnell-Smith and Canby. 

Var. INTRICATA. Lower (about 45 cm. high), scarcely erect, with branches and 
branchlets more spreading, shorter and very rigid : pinnae scarcely as long and with 
4 or 5 pail's of leaflets: peduncles many, very short, with few flowers (6 to 8): pod 
larger (20 by 7 mm.). 

H. intricata Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 2. ii. 

Habitat: At El Campo Aleman, Lower California. 

Specimens examined: Lower California (Braiidnftr, 1889, typo). 

Type in Herb. Gray and National Herbarium. 



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148 

These two forms are distinct from JST. micropkylla by growing (somewhat) in 
clumps and being more or less intricately branched (even from below), in the rigidity 
of the stems, in being entirely glabrous, in the pointed flowering buds, and the 
strongly attenuate pod. 

^ 2. With both stipitate and black sessile glands: flowers suberect, with ovats hract^ and 
deciduous sepals: stamens somewhat declined: pod broadly tuoinaciform: suffrutet- 
cent 

11. H. caudataOray, PI. Lindh. pt. ii. 179 (1850). StemsSO to45 cm. high, with small 
tack-shaped glands: pinna; 3 to 9, 2 to 4 cm. long, with 5 to 7 pairs of leaflets, the 
terminal one twice as long and with 11 to 15 pairs; leaflets ovate snbcordate, veined, 
sometimes minutely black punctate beneath: raceme sparsely 6 to 9-flowered: sepals 
oval, concave, with both stipitate and black sessile glands: petals sessile, elliptical, 
with sessile glands: filaments eglandular with blunt pubescence, the upper not 
dilated : style cylindrical : pod with upper suture nearly straight, with dark subsessile 
glands: seeds large. 

Habitat: From southern New Mexico (on Rio Grande) through southwestern 
Texas. 

Specimens examined : Texas ( Wright 146, type ; Schott, 1854) ; New Mexico (Mexican 
Boundary Survey, 279). 

Type in Herb. Gray. 

This species is related to Cassalpina in respect to Sepals, petals, and pod. 

^ 3. Parth with black sessile or subsessile glands: leaflets black punctute beneath; stipules 
setaceous (except No. IS): bracts ovate-attenuate: calyx oblique^ with tlte lower segment 
much broadir, carinate-concave, at last deciduous: petals glandless below^ the vejcillum 
smallest: filaments with dense and slender pubescence: style shorty enlarged abort; 
stigma turned to the upper sidey somewhat hooded: pod with muricate-setose projections 
and black depressed sessile or subseftsile glands, acutCt S or 3-seedcd. 

* Flowers with black flask-shaped subsessile glands: pod orate or rhombic. 

12. H. brachycarpa Gray, PI. Wright, i. 55 (1852). Herbaceous, 18 to 30cm. high, 
with several slender stems from a ligneous root, few sessile glands, leafy to the top: 
leaves short; pinnje 5 to 7; leaflets 4 or 5 pairs, elliptical, large-punctate; stipules 
obovate, caducous: peduncle short, with few small flowers on non-jointed peilicels: 
sepals and petals with black flask -shaped subsessile glands: pod oval, cuspidate, with 
few glands, the margin beset with large projections : 2 broadly obovate seeds. 

Habitat : From New Mexico through southwestern Texas. 

Specimens examined: New Mexico ( Wnght 1023, type in part, 77, type, 179 type); 
Texas (Reverchon 36, 1510); Texas and New Mexico ( Wright, 1851, type). 
Type in Herb. Gray. 
The oval pod distinguishes this species from all others. 

13. H.multijuga Watson Proc. Am. Acad. xxi. 451 (1886). Herbaceous, stout, 60 to 
90 cm. high, covered throughout (except leaflets) with flask-shaped subsessile glands : 
leaver large; pinnie 13 to 21; leaflet* 5 to 9 pairs, tipped with a flask-shaped gland: 
racemes opposite the leaves (longer), many-flowered: pedicels jointed in the mid- 
dle: vexillum small, with lamina densely covered with black, slender, obclavate 
glands: pod oblong-rhombic, 3 by 1 cm., cuspidate, 2-seeded. 

Habitat: Rocky hills near Chihuahua, Chihuahua. 
Specimens examined : Chihuahua {Pringle 148 and 371, types). 
Types in Herb. Gray, J. Donnell-Smith, Canby, Martindale and Missouri Botan- 
ical Garden. 

* * Flowers with pyriform glands, intermixed (on calyx) with few black sessile oneB, 



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149 

14. H. melanosticta Gray, PI. Wright, i. 54 (1852). Erect, 25 to 60 cm. (or more) 
high, rigid, frutescent, black sessile glandular, hoary with short villouK retrorse 
liairs: leaves few, 3 to 6 cm. long, very obtusi? or retuse, loosely villous as also the 
rhachises: racemes elongated, 15 cm. (or more) long, many-flowered, with pods early 
deciduous : calyx densely covered with small brown pyriform glands : petals with few 
villi above on margin and veins, the vexillum densely villous below, with minute pyri- 
form glands above : style with large setose projections and black sessile glands below : 
pod suberect on straight pedicels, broadly a.scinaciform, 23 by 9 mm., rounded at 
base, covered with large projections; seeds usually 3, oblong-obovate, 3 by 5 mm., 
angular, greenish. 

Pomaria melanosticta Schauer, Linnsea, xx. 748. 

Habitat : Chisos Mountains, southwest Texas. 

Specimens examined. Texas (Nealley 110, 448). 

These Nealley specimens correspond mostly with Schauer*s description, and differ 
from the two following forms in the many very small pyriform glands on the vexil- 
Inni, the broadly ascinaciform pod on straight pedicels, and the small angular green- 
ish seeds. 

Var. Parryi. More slender throughout, not so woody or rigid: leaves spreading, 
longer; pinnje 3 to 5 (usually 5); leaflets larger, and never more than three pairs: 
raceme of a few pendent and larger flowera: sepals not so glandular: petals with no 
villi on margin or veins, and vexillum glandless: ovary long, with sides parallel: 
pod rhombic (both ends acute), 3 by 1 cm., pendent on curved pedicels: seeds 3 or 4, 
ellipto-obovate (not angular), 6 by 4 mm., brownish. 

Habitat: New Mexico, below San Carlos on the Rio Grande. 

Specimens examined. New Mexico (Parry in Mexican Boundary Survey, 283, type). 

Type in Herb. Gray. 

Var. Gregoii. Stems branched: pubescence scarcely villous; foliage as in var. 
PaiTyiiy except not so long, and the pinnte with 3 or 4 (usually 3) pairs of leaflets: 
petals with few and the vexillum with several black depressed sessile glands, with 
no villi on margin or on veins: style with no projections or glands : stigma short, 
opening small: pod sublunate, 25 by 6 mm., base usually incurved, pointed: seeds 
2 or 3, like var. Parryii. 

Habitat: Southern Coahuila. 

Specimens examined : Coahuila {Gregg 497). 

• * * Flo^cera {as well as the entire plant) with black depressed sessile glands, 

15. H. caneacens. Tall, herbaceous (scarcely suff'rutescent below), hoary and 
velvety, with a dense short-villous pubescence: leaves slender (5 to 9 cm. long); 
pinnae 5 to 9 (usually 7) ; leaflet* 4 to 7 pairs, 5 to 9 mm. long: racemes lateral, loose 
(dense at first), with 10 to 20 pendent flowers: sepals black with glands: vexillum 
eglandular, with claw broadly dilated : style with pubescence, glands and setose pro- 
jections below: pod broadly falcate, 27 by 7 mm., velvety with setose projections: 
seeds dark, circular or oblong (4 mm. long). 

Type in Herb. Gray, and J. Donnell-Smith. 

Habitat: Coahuila, near Saltillo. 

Specimens examined. Coahuila {Palmer 269, type). 

This species is most nearly related to H. Jamesii, but very different in being tall 
and herbaceous: stems not flexuous: hoary and velvety throughout with short-villous 
(not appressed) pubescence: long and thick peduncles: sepals attenuate-lanceolate, 
with now and then a flask-shaped gland: vexillum glandless (seldom a gland) : style 
short, with neither membranaceous side nor slit from stigma : pod long, sides parallel, 
both ends tapering equally, densely covered with glands, pubescence and long 
setose projections : seeds small. 

16. H. Jamesii Torr. and Gray, Fl. N. Am. i. 393 (1840). Canescently pubescent, 
with many suffrutescent stems (20 to 35 cm. high) from a thick ligneous root: leaves 
many, short; pinnss 5 to 7; leaflets 5 to 10 pairs ; racemes lateral, loose, with nodding 



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150 

flowers: petals g]andn]ar; style with pubescence, glands, and short projections be* 
low and with the menibrauaceous portion split from stigma: pod sublunat«, 20 by 
8 mm., broatlest above middle, with very short stellate projections: seeds 2 or 3, 
oblique, obcordate, 5 to 7 by 4 to 6 mm. 

Pomaria glanduhsa Torr. Ann. Lye. N. Y. ii. 193, not of Cav. 

Habitat: From Colorado and Texas to California. 

Specimens ex:«niued: Colorado {Fremonty 1845; Green, 1872; Parry 409); New 
Mexico (Wnghi 1022; Rothrock 1874; Parry 62; Fendler 173,187; WUhzenus 452,35; 
Runhy 110; lUgelow; Le Hoy Distribution); Texas {LindhHmer 603,286; Jermy 730; 
Nealley 320; WHght 145; lieverchon 7,161,803); California (T/mrfter 744). 

Type in Herb. Gray. 

Var. PoPiNOENSis. Herbaceous, taller, with thick stems: upper stems and flowers 
black with large glands ; pinnte 7 to 9 ; leaflets more glandular : racemes denser : 
petals with villous veins: filaments larger, more villous. 

Habitat: Kansas. 

Specimens examined. Kansas (Papinocj 1876, type). 

Typo in National Herbarium. 

These forms are characterized mostly by the slit of stigma and the tapering base 
of the pod. 

17. H. frnticoBa Watson Proc. Am. Acad. xxi. 451 (1886). Chestnut-brown shrub, 
120 to 180 cm. high, with branches, foliage, and inflorescence caneKcent with a fine 
pubescence: leaves 2 cm. long; pinnae 3 to 5; leaflets 3 or 4 pairs, slightly punctaite 
as also petioles; stipules andbractalacinate: racemes many, terminal, short (5 to 6 
mm. long), with 9 to 12 small flowers: pedicels slender, jointed near tbe base: sepals 
costate: vexillum with pyriforra glands, the claw broadly dilated: upper filaments 
with large setose dilations: style short, curved, scarcely enlarged above: pod lunate 
both ends acute, cinereous with minute projections. 

Habitat: Coahuiln, monntains near Jimulico. 

Specimens examined : Coahuila (Pringle 230, typo). 

Type in Herb. Gray, and J. Donnell-Smith. 



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SYSTEMATIC AND ALPHABETIC INDEX OF NEW SPECIES OF 
NORTH AMERICAN PHANEROGAMS AND PTERIDOPHYTES, 
PUBLISHED IN 1891.* 



Compiled by Josephine A. Clark. 



The increasing interest which is to-day manifested in systematic bot- 
any demands some metliod of indexin^r which will brinp: together in 
convenient form the information necessary to a complete history of the 
investigations and discoveries which have been made in this line of 
research. In the Botanical Division of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture a carefully made card index is kept, in which all new species 
and new combinations are recorded. It is thought best to publish 
this index which has been found so useful in our work, omitting the 
synonoray and making no attempt to pass judgment upon the value of 
any species. In other words, it is simply a record of the work ac- 
complished during the year in this line, and designed in printed form 
to be a convenience to monographers and others in their investigation'*. 
To make this list still more useful, in cases of new species, the State 
or region of the country in which they are found is given. A double 
enumeration of the species is made, viz, systematic and alphabetic. 
In the former arrangement Durand's Index Generum Phanerogamorum 
has been followed for convenience, this being the arrangement adopted 
in the National Herbarium. In the case of the revival of an old generic 
name hi place of the one now in use the name will be found under the 
genus, as given in Durand's Index ; also when an author has substituted 
a new generic name for an old one it will be found under the latter. 
Where a genus has been transferred by an author to a diflfei*ent family 
from that commonly accepted it will be placed under both families. A 
new genus has, inclosed in brackets, the number of the genus it 
naturally follows, with the letter a added, the number under which it is 
found in the National Herbarium. 

The author of the species, place of publication, with volume and page, 
and. as stated above, in cases of new species the locality are given. 

* It is our purpose to pablish an annual index, and also to complete an index now 
in preparation, covering preceding years back to 1885. That future issues of the 
index may be as complete as possible, it is desired that authors will send reprints or 
reviews to the National Herbarium of such of their publications as may not be 
readily accessible. The accompanying carefully prepared systematic and alpha- 
betic lists have been made under the immediate direction of my assistant, Mr. J.N, 
Bose. — Georgk Vasky, Boiamnt. 

151 



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152 

As a general rule, a single reference is eitetl, but exception is made 
in eases of list names accompanied by sets of plants, and in first publi- 
cations which are obscure or doubtful; a few names, merely list names, 
so far as we know, have been included. 

Otto Kuntze's Revisio Geperum Plantamm, with its thousands of 
specific changes, has, thus far, been but partially indexed, and is, there- 
fore, passed over for the present, as this list has already been long de- 
layed. 

A bibliography of the works cited in this index is here added. 

Amer. Oard.=Thfc American Garden, vol. xii. N. Y. 1891. 4°. 

Ann N. Y. Acad. =Xew York Academy of Science. Annals, vol. vi. N. Y. 1891. 8^. 

Bot. Centralb. = Botani8che« Centralblatt; hrsg. O. Uhlworm u. F. G. Kohl. bd. 

xlvii. Ca^sel, 1891. 8 . 
Bot. Oa».— Botanical Gazette; ed. by J. M. Coulter, C. R. Barnes, and J. C. Arthur. 

vol. xvi. Crawfordsville, Ind. 1891. 8^. 
BulL Torr. Club=Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin; ed. by N. L. Britton. vol. xviii. 

N.Y. 1X91. 8°. 
Contr. Nat. Herb =U. S. National Herbarium. Contributions, vol. i. No. 4; vol. ii. 

No. 1. Wash. D. C. 1891. 8°. 
DC. Monogr. PhaiL^De Candolle, Alph. and Caslmir. Monograpbis Phanerogam- 

anira. vol. viii. P. 1891. 8^. 
Engler, Bot. Jalirb.=Eugler, A. hrsg. Botanische Jahrbiicher ftir Systematik 

Pflanzengeschichte und Plianzengeographie. bd. xiv. Leipz. 1891. 8". 
Eggert, Cat. PL St. Loiil8=Eggert, Henry. Catalogue of the phienogamous and 

vascular cryptogamous plants in the vicinity of St. Louis. Mo. SU Louis. 181M . 8-^. 
Engler a. Prantl, Pflansen£am.=Engler, A. und PrautI, K. Die natiirlichen Pfl:iu- 

zenfamilieu. iv. teil. Leipz. 1891. 8^. 
Garden & For.=The Garden and Forest; A Journal of Horticulture, Land8ca]>e Art, 

and Forestry, vol. iv. N. Y. 1891. P. 
Oeol. Surv. Ark. 1888=Geological Survey of Arkansas. Annual report for 18S8. 

vol.iv. Little Rock, Ark. 1891. 8 -. (Botany by J. C. BrannerandF. V.Coville. 

Revision of nomenclature by William Trelease.) 
Greene, PL Fran.=Greene, E. L. Flora Franciscana, pt. 1-2. San Francisco, 1891. 8^^. 
Greene, Pitt.=Greene, E. L. Pittonia; A Series of Botanical Papers, vol. ii. pt. 10. 

Berkeley, Cal. 1891. 8<=>. 
Mem. Torr. Club=Torrey Botanical Club. Memoirs, voL ii. N. Y. 1891. 8^. 
Prlngle,PLMex-1890=Fringle,C.G. Plant^e Mexicanse, 1890. n. t. p. [Oquawka, 

HI. 1891.] 8. (A list without descriptions.) 
Proc. Acad. PhiL=Acadeuiy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. ProcetMliiigs 

for 1891. Philadelphia, 1891. 8-. 
Proc. Amer. Acad.=American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Proceedings, vol, 

xxvi. Boston, 1891. 8^. 
Proc. CaL Acad.=California Academy of Sciences. Proceedings, ser. 2. vol. iii, 

San I-Yancisco, 1891. 8^. 
Smith, PL Gaat.=Smith, J. Donnell. Enumeratio plantarum Guatemalensium. 

pt. ii. Oquawka, 111. 1891. 8°. 
Sudworth, Trees of Washington, D. C.=Femow, B. E. and Sud worth, G. B. Trees 

of Washington, D. C. [Wash. D. C] 1891. ob. 24°. 
Trans. St. Louis Acad.=St. Louis Academy of Sciences. Transactions, vol. v. St. 

Louis, 1891. 8<^. 
Trelease, Rev. Bpilob.=Trelease, William. A Revision of the American Species 

of Epilobium ocourriug North of Mexico. Reprinted from Missouri Botanical 

Garden. Second annual report, 1890. St. Louis, 1891. pp. 71-117. 8°. 
Zoe=Zoe; A Biological Journal, vol. ii. San Francisco, 1891. 8^. 



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I. SYSTEMATIC IIS^DEX. 
RANUNCULACE^I. 

1. Clematis Palmer! Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 118. — Arizona. 

3. Thalictrum dioicum, var. coziaceum Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 363. — 

North Carolina. 

4. Anemone Hemsleyi Britton, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 231. — Mexico. 

Hepatica, var. acuta Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 482. 

Lyallii Britton, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 227.— Western United States. 

patens, var. hirsutiBBinia Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louin Acad. v. 482. 

Tetonesis Porter in Britton, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 224. — Idaho. 

Hepatica Hepatica Britton, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 233. 

Pulsatilla occidentalis Britton, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 217. 

hirsutissima Britton, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 217. 

10. Ranunculus Orayi Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 265. 

pedatifidus, var. cardiophyllus Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 265. 

vagans Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 131. — Mexico. 

21. Isopyrum trifolium Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 265. 
23. Aquilegia ecalcarata Eastwood, Zoe, ii. 226. — Colorado. 

BERBERIDEiE. 

190. Berberis dictyota Jepson, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 319. — California. 
pumila Greene, Pitt. ii. 161. — California and Oregon. 

NTMPHiEiE. 
205. Nymphaea. 

Castalia Mezicana Coulter. Contr. Nat. Herb. ii. 12. — Texas. 

reniformis Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 1888. 

iv. 164 ; also Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 484. 

SARRACENIACEiE. 

211. Darlingtonia. 

Chrysamphora Califomica Greene, Pitt. ii. 191. 

PAPAVERACiE. 

225. Bocconia vulcanica Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 1; PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 4. — 
Guatemala. 

FUMARIACEJE. 

234. Dicentra. 

Capnorchis ochroleuca Greene, FI. Fran. 279. 

pauciflora Greene, Fl. Fran. 279. 

236. Corydalis. 

Capnodes Bidwellianum Greene, Fl. Fran. 280. 

Caseanum Greene, Fl. Fran. 280. 

CRUCIFERiB. 
241. Parrya Menziesii Greene, Fl. Fran. 2o3, 



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245. Nasturtium bracteatum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 131. — Mexico. 

dictyotum Greene, Fl. Fran. 268.— California. 

occidentale Greene, Fl. Fran. 268. — California. 

247. Arabia Macouuii Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 124.— British Columbia. 

Virginica Trelease in Branuer and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 1888, 

iv. 165. 
250. Streptanthus Califomicus Greene, Fl. PYan. 256. 

inflatuB Greene, Fh Ftsui. 257. 

Mildredas Greene, Fl. Fran. 260.— California. 

orbiculatUB Greene, Fl. Fran. 258. 

Panyi Greene, Fl. Fran. 257. — California. 

■ secundus Greene, Fl. F'ran. 261. — California. 



251. Theljrpodium aureum Eastwood, Zoe, ii. 227. — Colorado. 

Hookeri Greeno, Fl. Fran. 263. 

procerum Greene, Fl. Fran. 263. 

253. Cardamine Californica Greene, Fl. Frnn. 266. 

cardiophylla Greene, Fl. Fran. 266. — California. 

272. Vesicaria. 

Physaria montana Greene, Fl. Fran. 249. 
290. Sisymbrium canescens, var. alpestre, Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Club, xvlii. 
168.— Colorado. 

crenattun Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii, 111. — Lower California. 

multiracemosum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 132. — Mexico. 

295. Erysimum arenicola Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 124. — Washington. 

capitatum Greene, Fl. Fran. 269. 

300. Stanleya albescens Jones, Zoe, ii. 17. — Arizona. 

elata Jones, Zoe, ii. 16. — Nevada. 

309. Tropidocarpum gracile, var. scabriusculum Greene, Fl. Fran. 278. 
333. Senebiera. 

Coronopus Coronopus Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 268. 
336. Lepidium nitidum, var. insigne Greene, Fl. Fran. 274. — California. 
372. Thysanocarpus curvipes, var. pulchellus Greene, Fl. Fran. 276. 

var. involutus Greene, Fl. Fran. 276. — California. 

CAPPARIDEiE. 

425. Cleome ephemera Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 112. — Lower Cal- 
ifornia. 
427. Cleomella Palmerana Jones, Zoe, ii. 236. — Utah. 
430. Polanisia. 

Jacksonia tenuifolia Greene, Pitt. ii. 175. 

trachysperma Greene, Pitt. ii. 175. 

uniglandulosa Greene, Pitt. ii. 174. 

VIOLARIEiE. 

469, Viola palmata^ var. obliqua Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 487. 
purpurea, var. pinetorum Greene, Fl. Fran. 243. 

BIXINEiE. 
516. Xylosma Fringlei Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 164.— Mexico. 



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POLTOALBiE. 

542. Polygala Boykinii, var. sparsifolia Wheelock, Mem. Torr. Club, ii. 121.— 

SoutluTU Florida. 
Lindheimeri, var. parvifolia Wheelock, Mem. Torr. Club, ii. 143. — 

Arizona. 
subalata Watson, Proc. Anier. Acad. xxvi. 132. — Mexico. 



Tweedyl Britton in Wheelock, Mem. Torr. Club, ii. 143. — Texas. 

CARTOPHTLLBiE. 

575. Silene Macounii Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 124.— British Columbia. 

Suksdorfii Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 44. — Washington. 

530. Cerastiuin erectum Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 2t>8. 
581. Stellaria montana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 93. — Mexico. 
536. Sagina 

Alsinella ciliata Greene, Fl. Fran. 126.— California. 

crassicaulis Greene, Fl. Fran. '25. 

occidentalis Greene, F]. Fran. 125. 

saginoides Greene, Fl. Fran. 125. 

C94. Spergnlarla. 

Tissa Clevelandi Greene, Fl. Fran. 127.— California. 

salina, var. Sanfordi Greene, Fl. Fran. 129.— California. 

var. sordida Greene, Fl. Fran. 129. — California. 

535. Drymaria carinata Brandegeo, Zoe, ii. 70. — Lower California. 

polystachya Brandegee, Zoe, ii. 70. — Lower California. 

PORTULACBiE. 

612. Talinum Coahuilense Watson, Proc. Ainer. Acad. xxvi. 132. — M(»xico. 
615. Claytonia perfollata, var. amplectens Greene, Fl. Fran. 179. — California. 

var. aagUBtifolia Greene, Fl. Fran. 179. — California. 

var. carnosa Greene, Fl. Fran. 178. — California. 

618. Montia Chamissonis Greene, Fl. Fran. 180. 

diffusa Greene, Fl. Fran. 181. 

Hallli Greene, Fl. Fran. 180. 

linearis Greene, Fl. Fran. 181. 

parvifolia Greene, Fl. Fran. 181. 

HTPBRTCINBiB. 

631. Hypericum anagalloides, var. Nevadense Greene, Fl. Fran. 113. — California. 
Canadenae, var. boreale Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 365. 

MALVACBJE. 

734. Sidalcea delphinifolia Greene, Fl. Fran. 105. 

var. humilis (ireene, Fl. Fran. 106. 

secundiflora Greene, Fl. Vrau. 103. — C'alifornia. 



736. Malvastrum fasciculatum Greene, Fl. Fran. 108. 

multiflorum Greene, Fl. P>an. 109. — California. 

orbiculatum Greene, Fl. Fran. 109. — California. 

Parryi (ireene, Fl. Fran. 108. — California. 

742. Sida Alamosana Watson in Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 93; Proc. Amer. Acad. 

xxvi. 133. — Mexico. 
749. Sphaaralcea subhastata Coulter, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 32.— Texas, New Mex- 
ico, and Mexico. 
773. Choriaia soluta Donnell-SmitU, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 1 ; PI. Guat. pt. ii. 7. — Guatemala. 
7GG— No. o 3 [Sept. 1:0, 1892.] 



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8TERCULIACB2B. 

799. Myrodia Ouatemalteca Dopnell-Sraith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 2; PL Guat. pt. ii. 8. — 

Guatemala. 
828. Ayenia Jaliscana Wateon, Proc. Ainer. Acad. xxvi. 133. — Mexico. 

paniculata Rose, Contr. Nat. lierb. i. 94. — Mexico. 

truncata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 94. — Mexico. 

Wrlghtii Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 340.— Mexico. 

MALPIOHIACBiE. 

912. Bunchosia Pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 133. — Mexico. 
Sonorensis Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 94. — Mexico. 

932. Heteropteris retusa Donne II Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 2; PI. Gnat pt. ii.9. — Guate- 
mala. 

957. Oaudichaudla Uhdeana Niedenzu in Engler, Bot. Jabrb. xiv. Beibl. nr. 30.3. — 
Mexico. 

OBRANIACB2B. 

984. Brodium Callfomicum Greene, Fl. Fran. 99. — California. 
988. FlcBrkea alba Greene, Fl. Fran. 100. 
rosea Greene, Fl. Fran. 100. 

RUTACB2B. 

[1064a]. Sargentia Pringlei Wat^^on, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 134. — Mexico. 
1076. Esenbeokia flava Brandegee, Zoe, i. 378.— Lower California. 

BURSERACBZB. 

1155. Bursera ceraBifolia Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. sor. 2. iii. 121. — Lower 
California. 

IIiICINBiE. 
1265. Ilex Caroliniana Loesener not Dahoon, Bot. Contralb. xlvii. 163. 

CELASTRINEiB. 
[1297a]. Oyminda Orisebachii Sargent, Gard. and For. It. 4.— Florida. 

HIPFOCRATBACEiB. 

1315. Llavea. 

Neopringlea integrifolia Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 135. 

RHAMNBiB. 

1329. Rhamnus crocea, var. llicifolia Greene, V\. Fran. 79. 
1332. Ceanothus cuneatUB, var. ramolosus Greene, Fl. Fran. 86. — California. 
rugosus Greene, Fl. Fran. 88.— California. 

SAPINDACB2B. 

1369. Seijania rachiptera Radlkofer in Donnell Smith Pl.Guat.pt. ii, 11 A; in 

Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 192. — (Guatemala. 
nifisepala Radlkofer in Donnell Smith PL Guat. pt. ii, 11 A ; iu 

Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 191. — Guatemala. 
psilophylla Radlkofer in Donnell Smith PL Guat. pt. ii, 11 A; in 

Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 191. — Guatomjila. 



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1370. Panllinia scarlatina Radlkofer in Donnell Smith PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 11 A; in 
Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 193.— Guatemala. 

tortuosa Brandegee, Zoe, ii. 7-1. 

1315. Neopringlea integrifolia Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 135. 

ANACARDIACEiE. 

1514. Spondiaa Radlkofexi Donnell-Sraith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 194.— Guatemala. 
1551. Rhus Palmezi Rose, Contv. Nat. Herb. i. 95.— Mexico. 

LEOUMINOSiB. 
1583. Pickeringia. 

Xylothermia montana Greene, Pitt. ii. 188. 
1635. Lupinus albicaulis, var. silvestrls Greene, Fl. Fran. 42. 

albifrons, var. collinus Greene, Fl. Fran. 46.— California. 

confertua, var. Wrlghtil Greene, Fl. Fran. 43.— California. 

formosuB Greene, Fl. Fran. 42.— California. 

• var. Bridgesii Greene, Fl. Fran. 42. 



longipes Greene, Fl. Fran. 41.— California. 

nemoralis Greene, Fl. Fran. 42.— California. 

1653. Trifolium eunoBnum Greene, Fl. Fran. 27.— California. 

Macraai, var. albo-purpureum Greene, Fl. Fran. 26. 

roBcidum Greene, F\. Fran. 31.— California. 

tridentaum, var. scabrellum Greene, Fl. Fran. 31. 

trilobatum Jepson, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 322.— California. 



variegatum, var. melananthum Greene, Fl. Fran. 29. 

1660. Lotus Alamosana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 96.— Mexico. 

1661. Hosackia Alamosana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 96.— Mexico. 

sericea Trelease in Brauner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 1888 

iv. 174. 

1666. Amorpha hispidula Greene, Fl. Fran. 14.— California. 

1667. Dalea maritima Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 125.— Lower Cali- 

fornia. 
1674. Brongniartia Palmeri Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 97.— Mexico. 
1682. Tephrosia cana Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 126.— Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
1689. Wistaria. 

Kraunhia australis Greeue, Pitt. ii. 175. 
brachybotrys Greene, Pitt. ii. 175. 



Chinensis Greene, Pitt. ii. 175. 

megasperma Greene, Pitt. ii. 175. 

[1695a]. WlUardia Mexicana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 98. 

1699. Diphysa racemosa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 97.— Mexico. 

1701. Coursetia axillaris Coulter and Rose Bot. Gaz. xvi. 180, 217. j Contr. Nat. 

Herb. ii. 81.— Texas. 
1720. Astragalus argillosus .Jones, Zoe, ii. 241.— Utah. 

asclepiadoides Jones, Zoe, ii. 238.— Utah. 

bisulcatus, var. Haydenianus Jone^, Zoe, ii. 240. 

coccineus Brandegee, Zoe, ii. 72, 122. 

Coltoni Jones, Zoe, ii. 237.— Utah. 

desperatus Jones, Zoe, ii. 243. — Utah. 

Haydenianus, var. major Jones. Zoe, ii. 241.— Utah. 

var. Nevadensis Jonrs, Zoe, ii. 241.— Utah. 



• MoBncoppensis Jones, Zoe, ii. 12. — Arizona. 

• sabulosus Jones, Zoe, ii. 239— Utah. 
Sileranus Jones, Zoe, ii. 242.— Utah. 

■ sophoroides Jones, Zoe, ii. 12. — Arizona. 



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1741. NisBolia setosa Bniudogec, Proc. Cal. Acad. slt. 2. iii. 127. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
1750. iBschynomene vigil Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 128. — Lower 

California. 
1761. Desmodium amans Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 135. — Mexico. 

Jaliscanum var. obtusum Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 164. — 

Mexico. 

Lindhelmeri Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 120.— Tcxjmj and Mexico. 

prostratum Brandcge«i, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 128. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

subspicatum Wateou, Proc. Amor. Acad. xxvi. 135. — Mexico. 

1776. Vicia Californica Greene, Fl. Fran. 3.— California. 

leucopha9a,var. mediociucta Ko»e, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 119. 

linearis Greene, Fl. Fran. 3. 

1781. Centrosema. 

Cm minium Virginianum Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 269. 
1784. Cologania Jaliscana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 136. 
1804. Oalactia discolor Donnell-Smith, Bot.Gaz. xvi. 194; PJ.Guat. pt. ii. 15. — 

Guatemala. 
1813. Phaseolus montanus Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 130.— Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

1848. Piscidia mollis liose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 98.— Mexico. 
Ichthyometliia Piscipula Hitchcock, Gard. and For. iv. 472. 

1849. Muellera. 

Coublandia Mexicana Taubert, Bot. Centralb. xlvi. 389. 
1910. Csesalpinia placida Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 131. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

1992. Neptunia virgata Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 178. 

1993. Desmanthus Cooleyi Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Sarv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 178. 

fruticosus Rose in Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 132. 

oligospermus Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 132. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

1994. Mimosa afflnis Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 341.— Mexico. 
Palmeri Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 99. — Mexico. 

1995. Schrankla Intsia Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 178. 

1997. Acacia filicoides Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 178. 

1998. Lysiloma Acapulcensis. var. brevispicata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 100.— 

Mexico. 

Watsoni Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 99.— Mexico. 

2001. Pithecolobium Mezicanum Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 100.— Mexico. 

ROSACEJE. 

2019. Pninus ilicifolia var. integrifolia Sudworth, Gard. and For. iv. 51. 
Cerasus Californica Greene, Fl. Fran. 50. 

2023. Nuttallia. 

Osmaronia cerasiformis (ire^Mie, Pitt. ii. 191. 

2024. Briogynia Hendersoni Canby, Bot.Gaz. xvi. 236. — Washington. 

2025. Spiraea discolor, var. ariaefolia Jack, Gard. and For. iv. 615. 

rubra Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 270. 

Basilima millefolium Greene, Fl. Fran. 57. 

2026. Neillia. 

Physocarpus monogyuia Coulter, Contr. Nat. Herb. ii. 104. 



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2042. Rubus CanadensiB, var. invisus Bailey, Amer. Oard. xi\. 84.— New York. 

var. xoribacens Bailey, Aincr. Ganl. xii. 83. — New York. 

BdiUspaughi Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 366. — Wewt Virginia. 

nanus Watnon, Proc. Aiiht. Acad. xxvi. 162. — AHcensioii Island. 

occidentalis, var. grandiflora Focke in Douuell-Sinitb, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

3. — Guatemala. 

villosus, var. albinus Bailey, Amer. Gard. xii. 84. — New York. 

sativns Bailey, Amor. Gard. xii. X3. — New York. 



2 J47. Cercocarpus Arizonicus .louea, Zee, ii. 14. — Arizona. 

* parvifolius, var. breviflorus Joni*H, Zee, ii. 245. — I'tah. 

2051. Geum canadense, var. flavum Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 270. 
2055. Potentilla biennis Greene, Fl. Fran. 65. — California. 

Califomica, var. data (Jreene, Fl. Fran. (WJ. 

Donnell-Smithii Foeke in Donnel-.Smitb, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 3. — Guate- 
mala. 

Douglaaii, var. tenella Greene, Fl. Fran. 67. 

glandulosa, var. lactea Greene, Fl. Fran. 65. — Califoniia. 

var. refleza Greene, Fl. Fran. 65.— California. 



Gk>rdoni, var. lycopodioides Greene, Fl. Fran. 69. 



2058. Alchemilla arvensis, var. glabra Greene, Fl. Fran. 62. — California. 

2062. Agrlmonia parviflora, var. macrocarpa Focke in Donnell-Smitb, Bot. Gaz. 

xvi. 3. — Guatemala. 
2069. Rosa gratissima Greene, Fl. Fran. 73.— California. 

Sonomensis Greene, Fl. Fran. 72. — California. 

2074. Pyms Ivensis Bailey, Amer. Gard. xii. 473. — Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, and 
Kansas. 

Soulardi Bailey, Amer. Gard. xii. 472. — Minnesota, Missouri, and 

Texa«. 
2083. Amelanchier glabra Greene, Fl. Fran. 52. — California. 
pallida Greene, Fl. Fran. 53. — Califoniia. 

SAXIFRAGACEiE. 

2092. Sazifraga Howellii Greene, IMtt. ii. B)3.— C)rej;on. 
2095. Boykinia eUta Grciene. Fl. Fran. 190. 

rannnculifolia Greene, Fl. Fran. 190. • 

2100. Trflima nudicaulis Greene, Pitt. ii. 162. — Montana. 

scabrella Greene, Pitt. ii. 162. — California. 

CRASSUIiACEiB. 
2173. Tillaea Bolanderi Greene, Fl. Fran. 1S3. 

2182. Cotyledon nubigena Brande^ee. Proc. Cal. Acad. scr. 2. iii. 136.— Lower 
California. 

HALORAOEiB. 

2230. Myriophyllum Parwellii Moron ♦]:, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 146.— Micbi^an. 

2231. Callitriche longipedunculata Moron^r. Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 236. — Cal- 

ifornia. 

MELASTOMACEiB. 

2370. Heeria axillaris Co^niaux in DC. Monojn*. Pban. vii. 138. — Mexico and Guate- 

mala. 

2371. Arthrostemma parwifolia Coprniaux in DC. Monogr. Pban. vii. 143.— (iuate- 

mala. 



* The iwe of my name in puMiHliin;: Crreocarpug brrriffoniM an a varuty of C. pan'i/oUinf wan unaii- 
thorisu^, and the combiuatiou should l»e credilt>4l to iu jvn\ publisher, Mr. Jone.^.— Fukderick V. 
CoviLLX. 



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Google 



160 

2383. Tibouchina Bonrgaeana Cocriiiaiix in DC. Monopjr. Pban. vii. 264; Bot. Gaz. 
xvi. 4. — Mexico, Costa Rica, anil (Guatemala. 

Ferrariana Cojijniaiix ia DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1176. — Mexico. 

Oaleottiana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 258. — Mexico. 

longisepala Coguiaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 259. — Gnateiuala. 

Mezicana Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 258. — Mexico. 

monticola Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Plian. vii. 26i^. — Mexico. 

Naudiniana Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 26-1. — Mexico. 

ruGpilis Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 259. — Mexico. 

- var. hirsuta Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 259. — Mexico. 



- scabriuscula Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 262. — Mexico. 
• Schiedeana Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 261. — Mexico. 

- Trianasi Coguiaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 261. — Mexico. 



2402. Monoch3Btum angustifoUum Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1181.— 
Mexico. 

Candollei Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 396. — Mexico. 

diffusum Cognianx in Donnell-Sniith,Bot. Gaz. xvi. 4. in DC. Monogr. 

Phan. vii. 305. — Guatemala. 
2412. Axiuasa Costaricensis Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1182. — Mexico. 
2454. Leandracornoides, var. hirtella Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1189.— 
Mexico. 

var. latifolia Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1189. — 

Mexico. 

CoBtaricensiB, var. angUBtifolia Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Plian. vii. 

1187.— Co8ta Hica. 

var. hirBUtior Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1187. — Costa 

Rica. 
2459. Conostegia Bemoulliana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 698.— Guate- 
mala and Costa Rica. 

Cooper! Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 705. — Costa Rica. 

Donnell-Smithii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 700. — Costa Rica. 

hirtella Cogniaux in Donnell-Smich, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 4; in DC. Monogr. 

Phan. vii. 711. — Guatemala. 

lanceolata Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 708. — Costa Rica. 

Mezicana Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 707. — Mexico. 

Monteleagreana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1189. — Costa Rica. 

- puberula Cognianx in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 703. — Central America. 



2462. Miconia biperulifera Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 911. — Costa Rica. 

Bourgaeana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 772. — Mexico. 

Carioana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 773. — Guatemala. 

CoBtaricenslB Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 887. — Costa Rica. 

glabrata Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 875. — Mexico. 

Ouatemalensis Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 5; in DC. 

Monogr. Phan. vii. 758. — GuattMuala. 

humilis Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 764. — Guatemala, 

Liebmannii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 821. — Mexico. 

paleacea Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 757. — Costa Rica. 

Pittierii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. I*han. vii. 1191. — Costa Rica. 

Schlechtendalii Cogniaux in 13C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 804. — Mexico. 

Tonduzii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1191. — CostA Rica. 

var. cuneata Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii 1191. — Cnsta 



Rica. 



Rica. 



-var. furfuracea Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1191. — Costa 
- var. latifolia Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1191. — Costa 



Rica. 



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161 

2462. Mlconia Tondusit var. oblougifOiia Co;:::uianx in DC Monoc;r. Phan. vii. 

1191.— Cohta Ricji. 
var. parvifolia C'ojrniaux in DC. Monojjr. Pliau. vii. 1191. — 

Costa Riea. 
var. serrulata Cogniaux in DC. Mouugr. Phan. vii. 1191. — 

Costa Rica. 
Tuerckheimii Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith. Bot. Gaz. xvi.5; in DC. 

Monogr. Phan. vii. 762. — Gnutemahi. 
2470. Clidemia Biolleyana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 11**3.— Costa Rica. 
Donnell-Smithii Coguianxin Dounell-Sniith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 5; in DC. 

Monogr. Phan. vii. 1018. — Guatemala. 
laziflora, var. longipetiolata Cogniaux in Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. 



xvi. 5; in DC. Monogr. Phau. vii. 991. — Guatemala. 
Naudiniana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 990. — Mexico. 



2478. Blakea Pittierii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1080.— Costa Rica. 
subpeltata Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1075. — Costa Rica. 

2479. Topobea Manrofemandeziana Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1193. — 

Coeta Rica. 

Pittierii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1088. — Costa Rica. 

Wataonii Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1089. — Guatemala. 

2484. Mouriria Muellerl Cogniaux in DC. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1118. — Mexico. 

LTTHRARIEiE. 

2488. Amm nnia Koohnei Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 271. — New Jersey to 
Florida. 

ONAORARIEiE. 

2520. Epilobium adenocaolon, var. occldentalis Trolease, Rev. Epilob. 95. — Utahi 
Arizona, etc. 

var. perplexans Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 96. — Yellowstone Park, 

Oregon, California, Colorado, and New Mt^xico. 

clavatum Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 111. — Washington, Oregon, etc. 

delicatum Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 98. — Oregon. 

var. tenue Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 99. — Oregon. 

holoaericeum Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 91. — Soutliern California. 

leptocarpum, var. Macounii Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 103. — Lake Atha- 
basca to Washington. 

lineare, var. oliganthum Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 88. 

Oregonense, var. gracilli mum Trelease, Rev. P^pilob. 109.— California 



to Washington. 

paniculatum, var. jucundum Trelease, Rev. Ei)ilob. 85. 

rigidum, var. canescens Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 83. — Oregon. 

ursinum Parish in Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 100. — California to Washing- 
ton. 

var. subfalcatum Trelease, Rev. Epilob. 101. — California and 



Oregon. 
2522. JusaiaBa Peruviana, var. glaberrima Donnell-Sinith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 6. — 
Guatemala. 
piloaa, var. robustior Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 6. — Guatemala. 

2524. Ludwigia diffusa Greene, Fl. Fran. 227. 
var. Californica Greene, Fl. Fran. 227. 

2525. Clarkia grandiflora Greene, Fl. Fran. 223. 

2526. Oayophjrtum lasiospermum Greene, Pitt. ii. 164.— Southern California. 
2528. CBnothera arguta Greene, Fl. Fran. 212. — California. 

campestris Greene, Fl. Fran. 216. 



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Google 



162 

2528. CEnothem oompefttrls var. oruclata Qreene, Fl. Fran. 218. 

decorticans Greene, Fl. Fran. 217. 

depresaa Greene, Pitt. ii. 216. — Montana. 

hirtella Greene, Fl. Fran. 215. — California. 



• Jepsonii Greene, Fl. Fran. 211. — California. 



strigulosa, var. epilobioides Greene, Fl. Fran. 216. — California. 

Boisduvallia denaiflora, var. imbrlcata Greene, Fl. Fran. 225. — Caiifomia. 

atricta Greene, Fl. Fran. 225. — California. 

Gk>detia pnlcherrlma Greene, Pitt. ii. 217.— Southern California. 

LOASEiB. 

2571. Mentzelia nitena Greene, Fl. Fran. 234.— California. 

PASSIFLORACEiE. 

2584. Paaaiflors allantophylla Masters in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xyi. 7. — 
Guatemala. 

clypeophylla Masters in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 6. — Guate- 
mala. 

dicthophylla Masters in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz.xvi.8. — Guatemala. 

omlthonra Masters in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 8. — Guatemala. 

tranaveraa Masters in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 7. — Guatemala. 



CUCURBITACEiE. 

2647. Bchizooarpum Palmeri Cogniaux and Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 100. — Mexico. 
2651. Melothria Donnell-Smithii Cogniaux Bot. Gaz. xvi. 9. — Guatemala. 

var. hirtella Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 9. — 

Guatemala. 

var. rotiindifolia Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

9. — Guatemala. 

2662. Angurla diveraifolia Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 10. — Guate- 

mala. 
oblongifolia Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 9. — Guate- 
mala. 

2663. Ouranla Donnell-Smithii Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 10. — 

Guatemala. 
2674. Echinocyatia cirrhopeduncolata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 100. — Mexico. 
Echinopepon cirrhopeduncolata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 100. — Mexico. 
2676. Cyclanthera teatudinea Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 138. — Lower 

California. 
[2676 a.] Vaaeyanthua Roaei Cogniaux, Zoe, i. 368. — Lower California. 
2678. SicyoB longiaepalua Cogniaux in Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 11. — Guate- 
mala. 
Micrampelia cirrhopeduncolata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 100. — Mexico. 
fabacea, var. agreatia Greene, Fl. Fran. 236. — California. 

BEOONIACEiB. 

2695. Begonia Califomica Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 140. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
Pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 136. — Mexico. 

CACTE.S!. • ' 

2702. Mamillaria Notealeini Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 350, 367.— Montana^ 

Roaeana Brandegt^e, Zoe, ii. 19. — Lower California. 

atriatoa Brandegoi*, Zoe, ii. 19. — Lower California. 

2708. Cereua Sargentiua Orcutt, Gard. and For. iv. 436. 

2714. Opuntia rotondifolia Brandegee, Zoe, ii. 21. — Lower California. 



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Google 



163 

FXCOIDB2B. 

2730. Mollugo Cambessidesii Coulter, Contr. Nat. Herb. ii. 138. 

UMBELLIFERiE. 

2758. Eryngium Mezicanum Watson, Frof. Auut. Acad. xxvi. 136. — Mexico. 
2763. Sanicula CanadenBis, var. Maryiandica Hitchcock, Trans. 8t. Louis Acad. 

V. 497. 
2782. Arracacia Mariana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 136. — Mexico. 

moltifida Watson, Proc. Aiuer. Aca<l. xxvi. 136. — Mexico. 

2814. Pimpinella Mezicana Kobinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 164. — Mexico. 
2854. Crantzia. 

LUseopsis lineata Greene, Pitt. ii. 192. 
2870. Cymoptems declpiens Jones, Zoe, ii. 246.— Utah. 

megacephalus Jones, Zoe, ii. 14. — Arizona. 

2886. Peucedanum lapsidosum Jones, Zoe, ii. 246.— Utah. 

ARAI.IACE2B. 

2962. Oreopanaz oligocarpum Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 194. — Guatemala. 

RUBIACEiB. 

3222. Chomelia Piinglei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 137.— Mexico. 

3286. Mapouria parviflora K. .Schumann, in Englor u. PrantI, Pdanzenfam. iv. 

teil, 4 abt. 111. — Mexico and Central America. 
3294. Uragoga. 

Cephaelis glomemlata Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 12. — Guatemala. 
3347. Crusea megalocarpa Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 137.— Mexico. 

VALERIANEiB. 

3380. Plectritls major Hock in Engler u. PrantI, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil,3 abt. 177. — 
California. 

COMPOSITiB. 

3405. Vemonia gigantea Treleaao, in Branner and Coville, Bot.Geol. Surv.Ark. 1888. 

iv. 189. 
graminifoliaTrolease, in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv.Ark. 1888. 

iv. 189. 
marginata Treleaso, in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 1888. 

iv. 189. 

Palmeri Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 101. — Mexico. 

Salvinae, var. canescans Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 95; in Donnell-Smith, 

PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 33. — Guatemala. 
[3448 a]. Biolettia riparia Greene, Pitt. ii. 216.— California. 
3460 Eupatorlmn ageratifolium, var. purpureum Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 98. — 

Guat'Cmala. 

Chapalense Wats<m, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 138. — Mexico. 

Donnell-Smithii Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 95; in Donnell-Smith, PI. 

Gnat. pt. ii. 34. — Guatemala. 
, var. parvifolium Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi, 96; in Donnell-Smith, 

PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 34. — Guatemala. 
Espinosarum, var. subintegrifolium Robinson, Proc. Amer. Aca<l. 

xxvi. 165. — Mexico. 
lyratum Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 96; in Donnell-Smith, PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 

34. — Guatemala. 

Madrense Watson, Proc. Amer. Aead. xxvi. 137. — Mexico. 

Rafaelense Coulter, Bot. (iaz. xvi. 97; in Donnell-Smith, PI. Gnat. 

pt. ii. 3.5. — Guatemala. 



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164 

3465. Brickellia Pacayensis Coulter, Bot. Uaz. xvi. 98; in Donnell-Smith, PI. Gnat. 
j)t. ii. 35. — (iiiateniiila. 

3468. Kuhniaeupatorioides, var. glatinoaa Hitchcock, Trans. 8t. Louis Acad. v. Id8. 

3469. Liatris Helleri Porter, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 147.— North Carolina. 
[3479 a]. Gk>lioueinaheterophylla Watson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 267. 

Oligonema heterophylla Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 138. — Mexico. 
3488. Aplopappus stolonifenls, var. glabratus Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 98; in Don- 

nell-8mith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 36. — Guatemala. 
3491. Bigelovia glareosa Jones, Zoe, ii. 247. — Utah. 
3493. Solidago juncea, var. ramosa Porter and Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 368. 

— Eastern United States. 
3513. Aphanostephus Pinulensis Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 98; in Donnell-Smitb, PI. 
Guat. pt. ii. 35. — Gnat^Muala. 

skirrobasis Trelease, in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 191. 
3515. Achaetogeron linearifolius Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 139. — Mexico. 
3537. Psilactis tenuis Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 139. — Mexico. 
3544. Aster Carnerosanus Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xvi. 139. — Mexico. 

Elmeri Greene, Pitt. ii. 170. — California. 

Engelmanni, var. paucicapitatus Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 

176.— Washinj^'tim. 

Orcuttii Vasey and Rose, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 113. — California. 

venustus Jones, Zoe, ii. 247. — Utah. 



3561. Brigeron Alamosanum Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 102. — Mexico. 

aureus Greene, Pitt. ii. 169. 

Callfomicus Jepson, Bull. Torr. Club, xvii. 324. — Califomift. 

Chihuah nanus Greene, Pitt. ii. 169. 

coronarius Greene, Pitt. ii. 167. — Mexico. 

Forreri Greene, Pitt. ii. 169. 

fratemus Greene, Pitt. ii. 169. 

Oaleottii Greene, Pitt. ii. 168. 

multiceps Greene, Pitt. ii. 167.— California, 



- Seemannil Greene, Pitt. ii. 168. 

• stolonifer Greene. Pitt. ii. 169. — Colorado. 

- strlgulosus Greene, Pitt. ii. 169. 
Wislizeni Greene, Pitt. ii. 168. 



3741. ClibadiumDonnell-Smithii Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 98; in Donnell-Smith, PI. 

Guat. pt. ii. 37. — Guatemala. 
3751. Melampodium blbracteatum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 140. — Mexico. 

glabnun Watson, Proc. Amer. Aca<l. xxvi. 139. — Mexico. 

sinuatum Brande^ee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 144. — Lower Call* 

fornia. 
3756. Berlandiera pumila Trelease, in Brauuerand Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 193. 
3760. Parthenium repens Eggert, Cat. PI. St. Louis, 16. 
3777. Zinnia linearis, var. latifolia Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 102. — Mexico. 

3797. Oymnolomia decumbeus Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 165. — Mexico. 

3798. Bclerooarpus spatulatus Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 103. — Mexico. 

3804. Tetragonotheca Ouatemalensis Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 99 ; in Donnell-Smith, 

PI. Gu at. pt. ii. 38. — Guatemala. 
3819. Zezmenia dulcis Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 99; in DonneU-Smith, PI. Guat.pt. 
ii. 38. — Guatemala. 

fruticosa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 103. — Mexico. 

3822. Tithonia fruticosa Canby and Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 104. — Mexico. 

macrophylla Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 140. — Mexico. 

Palmeri Kose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 10-4. — Mexico. 



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165 

^23. Vlgulera leptooualls Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 140.— Mexico. 

montana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 103.— Mexico. 

(829. Bncelia nutans Eastwood^ Zoe, ii. 230. — Colorado. 

^32. Verbesina erosa Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Aoad. ser. 2. iii. 146.— Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

Bcaposa Jones, Zoe, ii. 248. — Utah. 

1833. OtopappuB acuminatus Watson, Proc. Amor. AcjmI. xxvi. 140.— Mexico. 

altemifoliuB Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 165.— Mexico. 

1835. Spilanthes Botterii Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 141.— Mexico. 
{836. SalmeaPalmeri Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 141. — Mt^xico. 
1852. Dahlia dissecta Watson, Proc. Amer. Acail. xxvi. 141.— Mexico. 

pubeBcens Watson, Proc. Amer. Aca<l. xxvi. 142. — Mexico. 

3856. Bidens Alamosana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 104. — Mexico. 

AntiguenaiB Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 100; in Donnell -Smith, PI. Gnat. 

pt. ii. 40. — Guatemala. 

dahlioides Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 142.— Mexico. 

3864. Marshallia trinervia Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 196. 
3870. Madia hispida Greene, Pitt. ii. 217. 

3884. Laphamia GilenaiB Jones, Zoe, ii. 15. — Arizona. 

3885. Perityle crassifolia Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 147.— Lower 

California. 

effusa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 104. — Mexico. 

minutissima Rose in Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 148.— Lower 

California. 
3896. RiddelUa. 

Psilostrophe Cooperi Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

tagetina Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

var. iparsiflora Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

3898. ChaBnactlB Bcaposa Eastwood, Zoe, ii. 231. — C<dorado. 

3899. Hymenopappus radiata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 122. — Arizona. 
3901. Bahia deBertorum Jones, Zoe, ii. 249.— Utah. 

Schaffiieri Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 142.— Mexico. 

Eriophyllum Jepsonii Greene, Pitt. ii. 165.— Califoniia. 
3909. Palafozia. 

PolypteriB aphacelata Treloase in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 
1888. iv. 197. 
3923. Dysodia papposa Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 503. 
3926. Hymenathenim anomalum Canby and Rose in Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 

105.— Mexico. 
3936. Actinella Texana Coulter and Rose, Bot. (iaz. xvi. 27.— Texas. 
3996. Luina Piperi Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 43.— Washington. 
4025. Senecio Cobanenais Coulter in Donnell-Sniith, PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 42; Bot. 
Gaz. xvi. 101. — Guatemala. 

Donnell- Smithii Coulter in Donnell-Smith, PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 42; Bot. 

Gaz. xvi. 100.— Guatemala. 

Ohieabreghtii, var. panciflorua Coulter in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. 



pt. ii. 42, 43; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 101.— Guatemala. 

Ouadalajarenais Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 166.— Mexico 

HesperiuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 166.— Oregon. 

Jaliscana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 143. — MexiccT. 

RawBonianuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 166.— California 



Cacalia poculifera Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 143.— Mexico. 
4078. CnicuB linearifolius Watwon, Proc. Amer. Aoad. xxvi. 143.— Mexico. 
velatUB Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 143.— Mexico. 



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166 

4154. Peresia oollina Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xzvi. 144. — Mexloo. 

montana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 105.— Mexico. 

4199. Trozimon. 

Agoserls alpestria Greeue, Pitt. ii. 177. 

apargloides Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 

Arizonica Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

aurantiaca Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 

barbeUulata Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 

Chilenais Greene, Pitt. li. 178. 

elata Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 

glauca Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

gracUenta Greene, Pitt. li. 177. 

var. Greenei Grc<?n«% Pitt. ii. 177. 



- grandiflora Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

- heterophylla Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

- hirsuta Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 

- laciniata Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

- lasvigata Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

-major Jepson, Pitt. ii. 179; Bull. Torr Club, xviii. 325. 

- Marahallii Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

- parviflora Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

- plebeia Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

- Pceppigii Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 
■ purpurea Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 

- retroraa Greene, Pitt. ii. 178. 

- roaea Greene, Pitt. ii. 176. 

- Bcorzonersefolia Greene, Pitt. ii. 177. 



4202. PyrrhopappuB. 

Sitiliaa grandiflora Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 

multicaulia Greene, Pitt. ii. 179. 

pauciflora Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 

Rothrockii Greene, I'itt. ii. 180. 

Seaaeana Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 

4206. Lactuca apicata Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 506. 
4224. Rafineaquia. 

Nemoaerla Califomica Greene, Pitt. ii. 193. 

Neo-Mezicana Greeue, Pitt. ii. 193. 

LOBELIACEiC. 

4253. Laurentia Michoacana, var. ovatifolia Robinson in Prinp:le, PI. Mex. 
18iK); Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 167. — Mexico. 

ovatifolia Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 166. — Mexico. 

4262. Lobelia laziflora, var. iuaignia Donuell-Smitb, Hot. Gaz. xvi. 12. — Gua- 
temala. 

novella Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 167. — Mexico. 

4264. Het6rotoma aurita Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. scr. 2. iii. 149. — Lower Cal- 
ifornia. 
4268. Nemacladua oppoaitifolina Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 168. — Mei- 



VACCINIACE-2B. 

4302. Macleania cord^ta, var. linearifolia Donnell-Smitb, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 12.— 
Guatei&ala. 



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1G7 

ERICACB2S. 

(330. ArctOBtaphyloB modia Cirociie, Pitt. ii. 171. — Washington. 

patula Greene, Pitt. ii. 171. — California. 

pungens, var. cratericola Donnell-^niith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 13. — Gua- 
temala. 
§375. Rhododendron Sonomenae Greene, Pitt. ii. 172. — California. 

PRIMULACEJB. 

1449. Steironema quadrlflonim Hitchcock, Trans. St. Lonis Acad. v. 506. 
§457. SamoluB Valerandi, var. repena Brandegoe, Proc. Cal. Acad. scr. 2. iii. 
150. — Lower California. 

M7RSINEiB. 

4469. Paratheaia pleurobotryoaa Donnell-Sniith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 195^ — Guatemala. 

aeaailifolia Donnell-lSmith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 45; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 195. — 

Guatemala. 

SAPOTACEJB. 

4508. Bffimuaopa Floridana Engler in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzonfam. iv. tell, 1 abt. 
152.— Florida. 

STTRACEiC. 

4527. Symplocoa Benthami Giirke in £ngler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. It. tell, 1 abt. 
172.— Mexico. 

Pringlei Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 168.— Mexico. 

4529. Styrax Jaliacana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 144. — Mexico. 

OLEACEiB. 
4540. Frajdnaa viridia, var. pubeacena Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 507. 

ASCLEPIADEiB. 

4739. Oomphocarpua. 

Aceratea Floridana Hitchcock, Trnns. St. Louis Acad. v. 508. 

4740. Schizonotua ariaefoliua Greene, FI. Fran. 58. 

4745. Metaatelma latifolia Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 10(3.— Mexico. 

4801. Oonolobua parviflorua, var. brevicoronatua Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. 

xxvi. 169. — Texas. 
4819. Frlmbriatemma calycoaa Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 48; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

196. —Guatemala. 
4831. Nephradenia fruticoaa Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 48; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

196. — Guatemala. 

LOGANIACEiC. 

4898. Buddleia Chapalana Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 169.— Mexico. 
Wrlghtii Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 341.— Mexico. 

OENTIANJB. 

4937. Erythrasa Pringleana Wittrock, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 85. — Mexico. 

4939. Sabbatia dichotoma Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 

1888. iv. 204. 
4945. Schulteaia MezJcana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acnd. xxvi. 144. — Mexico. 
4955. Gtontiana quinquefolia, var. occidentalia Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis 

Acad. V. 508. 
4959. Fraaera ITtahenBla Jones, Zoo, ii. 13.— Utah. 



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108 

POLEMONIACE2S. 

4968. CollomiaPringlel Peter in Eiijflern. Prautl, Pflauzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a i€ 

4969. GHlia Howard! Jones, Zoe, ii. 250.— Utah. 

HTDROPHTLLACEiC. 

4978. Phacella dabia Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Snrv. Ark. 1^<* 
iv. 205. 

var. hirauta Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Snr^ 

Ark. 1888. iv. 205. 
Eisenii Brandegee, Zoe, ii. 252. — Caliloruia. 

BORAGINEiC. 

4992. Cordia Pringlel Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 169. — Mexico. 

SonoraB Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 106. — Mexico. 

4998. Ehretia Mezicana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 144. — Mexico. 
5006. Heliotropium Pringlei Robinson, Proc. Aincr. Acad. xxvi. 170. — Mexico. 
5016. Omphalodea acuminata Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 170. — Mexico. 

5026. Echinoapermum. 

Lappula ciliata Greene, Pitt., ii. 182. 

deflexa Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

diflfusa Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

floribuuda Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

hispida Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

Mexicana Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

nervosa Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

pinetonim Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

Redowskii Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

ursina Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

Virginlana Greene, Pitt. ii. 182. 

5027. Erltrichium. 

Krynitzkia glomerata, var. acuta Jones, Zoe, ii. 250. — Utah. 

CONVOLVULACEiC. 

5077. Ipomoea alata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 108. — Mexico. 

Bernouilliana Peter in En^ler u. Prantl, Pflauzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a 

30. — Guatemala. 
brevipea Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam iv. teil. 3 abt. a 

30. — Guatemala. 

Orayi Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 107. — Mexico. 

Leonenaia Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 170. — Mexico. 

macrantha Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a 

31. — Guatemala. 
nuda Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a. 

31. — Guatemala. 
roatrata Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a^ 

30. — Guatemala. 
Schrenkiana Peter in Engler u. Prantl. Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a. 

30.— New York. 
sericophylla Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. a. 

.31. — Guatemala. 
Tortugenais Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 .abt. 

31. — Guatemala. 
5088. Bre^werla tenella Peter in Engler u. Prantl, Pflauzenfam. iv. teil. 3 abt. 16. 
5106. Solauum Donnell-Smithii Coulter in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 51; 

Bot. Gaz. xvi. 144. — Guatemala. 
Gray! Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 108. — Mexico. 



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169 

5113. Bassovia Donnell-Smithli Coulter in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 53; 
hot. Gaz. xvi. 145. — Guatemala. 

Mezicana Robiuson in Donnell -Smith, PI. Gaut. pt. ii. 53; Proc. 

Amer. Acad. xxvi. 171. — Guatemala. 

r var. latifolia Coulter and Robinson in Donnell-Smith, PL 

Guat. pt. ii. 53; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 145. — Guatemala. 
5115. BrachistuB EBCuintlenaiB Coulter in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 53; 

Bot. Gaz. xvi. 144. — Guatemala. 
5119. Withania melanocystiB Robinson, Proo. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 171. — Mexico. 

SCROPHULARINEJB. 

5215. Pentstemon Haydeni Watson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 311. — Nebraska. 
SonomenBis Greene, Pitt. ii. 218. — C.ilifoniia. 

5216. RuBBelia cocoinea Wettstein in En^ler a. Prantl. Pflauzenfam. iv. teil, 3abt. 

b. 63. 
5239. BffimuluB Condonii Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 175.— California. 

filioauliB Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 125. — California. 

graoilipOB Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 176. — California. 

5253. HerpoBtiiB acuminata Trelease in Brauner and Coville, Bot. Geol. Surv. 
Ark. 1888. iv. 208. 

auriculata Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 172. — Mexico. 

5255. Bacopa amplezicauliB Wettstein, in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 
3 abt. b. 77. 

repenB Wettstein in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil, 3 abt. 

b. 76. 

rotimdlfolia Wettstein in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. iv. teil^ 3 abt. 

b. 76. 
5267. Bficranthemum mircranthemoideB Wettstein in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzen- 
fam. iv. teil, 3 abt. b. 77. 
5318. Gtorardia punctata Robinson, Proo Amer. Acad. xxvi. 172. — Mexico. 
5321. CaBtilleia marcroBtigma Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 173.— Mexico. 
5324. CordylanthuB. 

AdenoBtegia caneBcena Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 
capitata Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 



■ Kingil Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- laziflora Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- maritima Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- molliB Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- Nevinii Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- Orcuttiana Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- Parryl Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

- piloBa Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 
- var. Bolanderi Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 



— Pringlei Greene, Pitt. ii. 181. 

— ramoBa Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 

— rigida, yar. brevibracteata Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 

— tenulB Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 

— 'Wrightii Greene, Pitt. ii. 180. 



GBSNERACEiC. 

5380. Solenophora erubeacenB Donnell -Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 56; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

197. — Guatemala. 
5438. BoBleria Panaamalana Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 56; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

197. — Guatemala. 
5447. Macfadyena Bimpliclfolia' Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 198. — Guatemala. 
5467. Tabebuia Palmeri Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 109.— Mexico. 



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170 

ACANTHACEiC. 

5512. Mendoncia cleistophylla Donnell-Sinitb, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 57. 

5611. JuBticia Pringlei Robinson, Proc. Amor. Acad. xxvi. 173. — Mexico. 

5621. Dianthera ovata Trclease in Branner and Coville, liot. Geol. Surv. Ark. 
1888. iv. 210. 

5623. Carlowrightia fimbriata Braudegee, Proc. Amer. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 161. — 
Lower Calit'ornia. 
pectinata Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 160. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

5640. Dicliptera formoaa Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 162. — Lower Cali- 

fornia. 

5641. Tetramerium. 

Heurya imbiicans Donnell-Smitb, PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 59; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 198. — 
Guatemala. 

VERBENACEiC. 

5680. Lippia formoaa Brandegee, Proc. CaL Acad. ser. 2. iii. 163.— Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
montana Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 163.— Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
5694. Cltharezylum Berlandierl Kobinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 171. — Mexico. 
Cinaloanuxa Robinson, But. Gaz. xvi. 3^12. — Mexico. 

LABIATiB. 

5744. Hyptis coUina Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 164. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

5780. Calamintha glabra Treloase in Branner and Coville, Bot. GeoL Surv. Ark. 
1888. iv. 211. 

5793. Salvia Ahunosana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 110. — Mexico. 

5810. Scutellaria hispidula Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 174. — Mexico. 

5829. Stachya aspera, var. teuuiflora Hitcbcock, Trans. 8t. Louis. Acad. v. 513. 

NTCTAQINE^S. 

5870. Mirabilis exserta Brandegee, Proc. CaL Acad. ser. 2. iii. 16.5. 
5874. Boerhaavia Alamosana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 110. — Mexico. 

octandra Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 145.— Mexico. 

Sonor^e Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 111. — Mexico. 

5886. Pisonia aculeata, var. macranthocarpa Donuell .Sniitb, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 

198.— Guatemala. 
5889. Neea psychotrioldes Donnell-Smitb, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 63; Bot. Gaz. xvi. 
199. — Guatemala. 

ILLECEBRACEJB. 

5901. Paronychia monandra Braudegee, I*roc. Cal. Acad. sor. 2. iii. 115. — Lower 
California. 

AMARANTACEJB. 

5952. Cladothriz cryptantha Watson, Proc. Annr. Acad. xxvi. 125. — California. 

CHENOPODIACEiB. 

5971. Monolepis Nuttalliana Greene, Fl. Fran. 168. 

5979. Atriplez corrugata Watson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 345. — Colorado. 

6014. Balicornia occideutalis Greene, Fl. Fran. 173. 



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171 

POLTOONACEJB. 

6070. Eriogonum agninum Greene, Pitt. ii. 165. — Southern CaHfornia. 

daByanthemum, var. Jepsonii Greene, Fl. Fran. 150. — California. 

deserticola Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 125.— Southern Cali- 
fornia. 

elegana Greene, Pitt. ii. 173. — California. 

flezum Jones, Zoo, ii. 15. — Arizona. 

minutiflorum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 125.— Southern Cali- 



fornia. 

Nortoni Greene, Pitt. ii. 165 — California. 

vixniuemn, var. cauinum Greene, Fl. Fran. 150. — California. 



6071. Ozytheca hirtiflora Greene, Fl. Fran. 153. 
apergulina Greene, Fl. Fran. 153. 

6072. Chorlsanthe Nortoni Greene, Pitt. ii. 164.— California. 
6084. Polygonum Kelloggii Greene, Fl. Fran. 134. — California. 

C7TINACEJB. 

6125. Apodanthes globosa Watson in Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 83. — Mexico. 
Pringlei Watson in Robinson, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 83. — Mexico. 

ARISTOLOCHIEJB. 

6135. Aristolochia nana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 145. — Mexico. 

PIPEREJB. 

6141. Piper Donnell-Smithli C. DC. in Donn ell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 95.— Guate- 
mala. 

JaliBcanum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 145. — Mexico. 

santa-rosaniun C. DC. in Donnell- Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 96. — Guato- 

luala. 

Tuerckheimii C. DC. in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 96.— Guate- 
mala. 

Tzabalamum C. DC. in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 66.— Guate- 
mala. 
6145. Peperomia albldiflora C. DC. in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. ]it. ii. 66. — Ciuate- 
niala. 

CobanaC. DC. in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. i»t. ii. 66.— Guatemala. 

Jaliscana W^atson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 145. — Mexico. 

Tuerckheimii C. DC. in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 96. — Guate- 
mala. 

LAURINIiJB. 

6195. Peraea Donnell-Smithii Mez in Donnell-Smith, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 67.— Guate- 
mala. 

THTMELiCACEiC. 

6275. Daphnopais Tuerckheimiana Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 13; PI. Gnat. 
pt. ii. 68. — Guatemala. 

EUPHORBIACE^S. 

6370. Euphorbia biaerrata MilLspau^rh, Zoe, i. 347. — California. 

digitata WatHon, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 116. — Mrxico. 

7GG— X \ 5 1 [Sept. 1>0, 18J1\1 



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172 

6370. Euphorbia incerta Bran«le^ee, Proc. Anier. Acad. 8or. 2. iii. 171. — Lower 
California. 

miaella Watson, Pnw. Aiiier. Acad. xxvi. 146. — Mexico. 

niguloaa Greene, F*!. Fran. 92. 

tuberoaa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 111. — Mexico. 

sabpeltHta Watson, Proc. Anier. Acad. xxvi. 146. — Mexiro. 

Watsonii Millspaugli, Zoe, i. 347. — California. 



6404. Phyllanthus Pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 147. — Mexico. 
[6455a]. Zimapania Schiedeana Kngler and Fax in Eugler u. Prantl, Plianzen- 

fani. iii. teil, 5 abt. 119. — Mexico. 
6460. Croton Alamosannin Kose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 111. — Mexico. 

calvescens Watson, Pror. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 147. — Mexico. 

elaBagnoides Watson, Pri»c. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 147. — Mexico. 

6488. Manihot Pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 148. — Mexico. 

6502. Acalypha aliena Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. — Lower California. 

diaaitifolia Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xrvi. 148. — Mexico. 

flaveacens Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 149. — Mexico. 

longipes Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 149. — Mexico. 

multiBpicata Wat'*on, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 148. — Mexico. 

6555. Dalechampia scandens, var. triaecta Donnell-Smitb, Hot. Gaz. xvi. 190. — 

Guatemala. 
6570. Sabastiania Palmeri Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 112.— Mexico. 

Pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 149. — Mexico. 

6572. Gynmanthes Pringlei Watson in Pringle, PI. Mex. 1890.— Mexico. 

URTICACEJB. 

6621. Ficua Guadalajarana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 151. — Mexico. 

Jaliscana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 1.50. — Mexico. 

Pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Aca<l. xxvi. 150. — Mexico. 

radulina Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 151. — Mexico. 

6661. Pilea glabra Watstm, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 152. — Mexico. 

6681. Myriocarpa brachystachys Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 152. — Mexico. 

longipes, var. Tzabalensia Dounell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 13. — Guate- 
mala. 

JUOLANDEiC. 

6695. Carya Femowiana Sudwortb, Trees of Washington, D. C. [6].— In culti- 

vation. 
Hicoria Femowiana Sndworth. Trees of Washington, D. C. [6],— In culti- 
vation. 

6696. Juglana Mezicana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 152. — ^Mexico. 

CUPULIFEILSS. 

6710. Caatanea Caatanea. var. Americana Sudworth, Trees of Washington, D. 
C. [7]. — ^In cultivation. 

SALICINEiB. 

6712. Salljc Brownii, var. petrsea Bebb, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 107.— California. 

macrocarpa, var. argentea Bebb, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 105.— California. 

ORCHIDEiC. 

6754. MicroBtylia tenuia Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 152.— MexicOr 
Achroanthea corymboaa Greene, Pitt. ii. 184. 
' Floridana Greene, Pitt. ii. 183. 



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173 

34. Achroanthes maianthemifolia Greene, Pitt. ii. 184. 

monophylla (Jreene, Pitt. ii. 183. 

montana Greene, Pitt. ii. 183. 

ochreata Greene, Pitt. ii. 1K4. 

Pringlei Greene, IMtt. ii. 184. 

purpurea Greene, Pitt. ii. 184. 

umbellulata Greene, Pitt. ii. 184. 

6787. Bletia Palxneri Watson, Proe. Anier. Arad. xxvi. 153.— Mexico. 
6849. Gk>venia elliptica Watson, Proc. Amer. Aead. xxvi. 153. — Mexico. 
6992. Spiranthes Jaliacana WatMon, Proe. Amer. Aeatl. xxvi. 153.— Mexico. 

Pringlei Watson, Proe. Amer. Aead. xxvi. 153. — Mexieo. 

7041. Arethusa grandiflora Watson, Proe. Amer. Aead. xxvi. 154.— Mexico. 
7043. Pogonia Mezicana Watson, Proc. Amer. Aead. xxvi. 154. — Mexico. 
7066. Habenaria filifera Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 154.— Mexico. 

BROMELIACEJB. 

7167. JBchmea Bernoulliana Wittmack, Engler, Bot. Jahrb. xiv. beibl. iir.32.1. — 
Guatemala. 
Iguana Wittmack, Engler, Bot. Jahrb. xiv. beibl. nr. 32.3. — Guate- 
mala. 
7182. Pitcairnia Carioana Wittmack, Engler, Bot. Jabrb. xiv. beibl. nr. 32.4.~ 

Guatemala. 
7186. Hechtia pedicellata Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 155.— Mexico. 
7192. Tillandsia cucaensis Wittmack, Engler, Bot. Jahrb. xiv. beibl. nr. 32.7. — 
Guatemala. 

cylindrica Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 1.55. — Mexico. 

Pringlei Wat8t)n, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 155. — Mexieo. 

remota Wittmack, Kngler, Bot. Jahrb. xiv. beibl. nr. [32.6. — Guate- 
mala. 

IRIDEiC. 

7248. Sisyrinchium platyphyllum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 155. — Mexico. 

AMARTLLIDEiB. 

7337. Agave bninnea Watson, Proe. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 156. — Mexico. 
Hartmani Watson, I'roc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 156. — Mexico. 

LILIACEiB. 

7411. Dasylizion inerme Watson, Proe. Amer. Aead. xxvi. 157. — Mexico. 
7431. Anthericum. 

Hesperanthes albomarginata Jones, Zoe, ii. 251. — Utah. 
7434. Echeandia nodosa Watson, Proe. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 156. — Mexico. 
7512. Erythronium grandiflorum, var. parviflorum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad, 
xxvi. 129. 

mesochoreiun Knerr, Midland College Monthly ii. 5; Proc. Amer. 

Acad. xxvi. 128. — Iowa and Kansas. 
montanum Watson, Proe. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 130.— Oregon and Wash- 
ington. 
revolutiun, var. Bolanderi W^atson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 129. — 



California. 



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174 

COMMELINRSL 

7587. Tinantia modesta Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 175. — Lower Call* 

fornia. 

7588. Tradescantia Palmeri Rose, Coiitr. Nat. Herb. i. 113.— Mexico. 
Pringlei VVatHon, Proc. Amor. Acad. xxvi. l.'>7. — Mexico. 

7594. LeptorhoBO tenuifolia Kose, Coutr. Nat. Herb. i. 113. — Mexico. 

PALMiB. 
7668. ChamaBdorea Pringlei Watsou, Proc. Aiiier. Acad. xxvi. 157. — Mexico. 

AROIDEJB. 

7806. Philodendron Donuell-Smithii Eiigler in DoiiueII-8niitb, PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 

77. — Guatemala. 

Guatemala Engler in Donnell-SmitbjPl. Guat. pt. ii. 77. — Gaat«iuala. 

7828. Syngoninin DonneU-SmithU Eugleriu Donueli-Smitb, PI. Guat. pt. ii. 77, 

78. — Guatemala. 

TRIURIDEiB. 

7860. Triuria brevistylia Donnell- Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 14. — Guatemala. 

NAIADACEiC. 

7887. Zofltera Oregana Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 131. —Oregon. 

Pacifica Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 131. — Pnget Sound, Mon- 
terey, and Sauta Barbara. 

ERIOCAULEJB. 

7891. Briocaulon articulatum Morong, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 3^3, 

Jaliscanum Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 157. — Mexico. 

7895. Lachnocaulon anoeps Morong, Bull. Torr. Club, xviii. 360. 

CTPERACEJB. 

7988. Carex hyBtericina,var. - ugustior Bailey, Contr. Nat. Herb, i. 126.— Arizona. 
monile, var. Pacifica Bailey, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 105. — Cali- 
fornia. 

obnupta Bailey, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. lOi.— California. 

quadrifida Bailey, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 104. — California. 

var. leniB Bailey, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 105. — California. 



524. 



- Btraminea, var. festucacea llitchc(»ck, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 525. 

- txichocaipa, var. Iseviconica Hitcbcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 

GRAMINE^S. 



7990. Zea canina Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 160. — Mexico. 

8020. Andropogon macrouniB, var. pumiluB Va^ey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 27. — Texas. 

8027. Hilaria cenchroideB, var. ciliatUB Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 293.— 

Mexico. 
8045. Paspalum setaceum, var. pubiflonun Vasey, Contr. N;it. Herb. i. 114.— 

Mexico. 



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175 

d050. Panicum faBcioalatum, var. disitifloram Vasey, Proc. Csl. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 
177. 

hianB, var. purpurascens Scribiier, Pruc. Acad. IMiil. 181>l. 296. — 

Mexico. 
8089. Aristida Califomica, var. glabrata Vasey, Proc. C'al. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 178. 
8096. Muhlenbergia AlamoBse Vasey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 14(J.— Mexico. 

articulata Scribuer, Proc. Acad. Phil. 181H. 298.— Mcxic<.. 

Schafiheri, var. longiseta Scribuer, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1S91. 297. 

8111. SporoboluB complanatus Scribuer in Pringle, 1*1. Mex. 181K); Proc. Acad. 
Phil. 1891. 299. 

plloBUB Vaaey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 26. — KanMan. 

8124. CalamagroBtiB denauB Vasey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 147. — Southern California. 

koelerioideB Vasey, Uot. Gaz. xvi. 147. — Southern California. 

8145. DeachampBia Pringlei Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 300.— Mexico. 
8155. Danthonia Mezicana Scribner, Proc. Acad, Phil. 1891. 301.— Mexico. 
8167. SchedonnarduB paniculatUB Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bt»t. Geol. 

Surv. Ark. 1888. iv. 236. 
8169. Bouteloua AlamoBana Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 115. — Mexico. 

Americana Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 1^06. 

Btolonifera Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 302.— Mexico. 

Triaena Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 307. 

uniflora Vasey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 26. — Texas. 

8181. Leptochloa Mezicana Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phii. 1891. 302.— Mexico. 

Bpicata Scribner, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 304. 

8195. Orcuttia Oreenei Vasey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 146.— California. 

EragroBtiB interrupta Trelease in Branner and Coville, Bot. Ge(d. Surv. Ark. 
1888. iv. 237. 

Pringlei Scribner in Pringle, PI. Mex. 1890; Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 304. 

Bpicata Vasey, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 146. — Lower California. 

8224. Melica multinervoBa Vasey. Bot. Gaz. xvi. 235. — Texas. 

8225. Diarrhena diandra Hitchcock, Trans. St. Louis Acad. v. 529. 

8260. Brachypodium pinnatum, var. caeapitoBUB Scribuer, Proc. Acad. Phil. 1891. 
305.— Mexico. 

conifers:. 

8309. PlnuB Donnell-Smitbii Masters in Donncll-Smith, PI. Gnat. pt. ii. 72; Bot. 
Gaz. xvi. 199. — Guatemala. 

monophylla, var. edulia Jones, Zoe, ii. 251. — Colorado. 

8313. Picea nigra, var. coerulea Sud worth, Trees of Washington, D. C. [9]. — In 

cultivation. 
8339. Torreya. 

Tumion Califomicum Greene, Pitt. ii. 195. 

grande Greene, Pitt. ii. 194. 

nuciferum Greene, Pitt. ii. 194. 

tajdfolium Greene, Pitt. ii. 194. 



FILICES.* 

30.* PellBBa Pringlei Davenport, Gard. and For. iv. 555. — Mexico. 
38.* Asplenium ABcenaioniB Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 163. — Ascension 
Island. 

» A» DuraiHl'g iuiUx inchi(1eMoii1y|tlio IMiaiiorograniH, tlie Ptt;ridopliyt<»» arc urraiimMl in the National 
Herbarium aocordinj; to lluuker'u Sp<*cif>» Filicuin. ThcHo iitiuiherH boiug UiipliratoH of Diinuid'H are 

dintiiijpiixhed in the Xatiunal Uerbarium anil in this paper by means uf an aat^iritik ^ J. N. Kos£, 

feting Botanist. 



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176 

38.* Aipleniom dubloBtim Davenport, Oard. and For. \y. 483.— Mexico. 

Prlnglei Davenport, Gard. and For. iv. 449.— Mexico. 

44.* Nephrodium asoendeni Donnell-Smith, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 14. 

visoidnin Wataon, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxvi. 163. — Ascension Island. 

50.* Notholasna Lemmoni, var. straminea Davenport, Gard. and For. iv. 519.- 
Mexico. 

Nealleyi, var. Mexicana Davenport, Bot. Gaz. xvi. 54. — Mexico. 

rigida Davenport, Gard. and For. iv. 519. — Mexico. 

59.* Hemionitis elegans Davenport, Gard. and For. iv. 484. — Mexico. 



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n.— AliPHABlSTIC IXDEX. 



Acacia 

filicoidcs. 
Acalypha 

nliena. 

flaveseens. 

longipes. 

di»8itifolla. 

mnltispicata. 
Acerates 

• Floridana. 
Achtetogeron 

linearifolius. 
Acliroantbes 

corymbosa. 

Floridana. 

maiantliemifolia. 

moiiophylla. 

roontaua. 

ochreata. 

Pringlei. 

purpurea. 

uinV>ellu1ata. 
Actiuella 

Texana. 
AdenoHtegia 

canescens. 

capitata. 

Kingii. 

laxitiora. 

maritima. 

mollis. 

Nevinii. 

Orcuttiana. 

Parry i. 

pilosa. 

var. Bolandcri. 

Pringlei. 

ramosa. 

rigida, var. brovibractcata. 

tenuis. 

Wrightii. 
^chmea 

Bemonlliana. 

Iguana. 



wSischynomene 

vigil. 
Agave 

Brunnea. 

Hartuiani. 
AgoseriR 

alpestris. 

apargioides. 

Arizonica. 

aurautiaca. 

bnrbellulata. 

CliileuHts. 

elata. 

glauca. 

graeilenta. 

var. Greenei. 

grandiflora. 

het^ropbylla. 

birsuta. 

Iaciniat4i. 

laevigata. 

major. 

MarBballii. 

parvi flora. 

plebeia. 

PcBppigii. 

purpurea. 

retrorsa. 

rosea. 

scorzonerw folia. 
Agrimonia 

parviflora, var. mncrocarpa, 
Alcbemilla 

arvensis, var. glabra. 
Alsinella 

ciliata. 

crassicaulis. 

occideutalis. 

saginoides. 
Amelaiicliier 

glabra. 

pallida. 
Aromannia 
Koebnei. 

177 



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178 



Amorpha 

Lispidula. 
Aiitlroiiogou 

luacroiiriis, vur. pumilns. 
Anemoue 

Heoisleyi. 

Hepatica, var. acuta. 

Lyallii. 

pateii8, var. birHutissima. 

Tetoneais. 
Angaria 

diversifolia. 

oblongifulia. 
ApliauoHtoplius 

PiuulcuHis. 

ttkirrobasis. 
ApIopai)pii8 

stolon if'crus, var. glabratus. 
ApodautbcM 

globosa. 

Pringlci. 
Aqnilegia 

t'calcarata. 
Arabia 

Maconnii. 

Virgiiiica. 
Arctoatapbylos 

media. 

patula. 

piingeiis, var. cratericola. 
Aretbuaa 

grandiOora. 
Ariatida 

Californica, var. glabrata. 
Ariatolochia 

nana. 
Arrac;M;ia 

Mariana. 

multiHda. 

Artbro8t<^nima 
parvif<»lia. 

Aapleniuni 

Aacenaionia. 

dnbiosuni. 

Pringlei. 
Astor 

Carncrosaniis. 

Elnieri. 

Engelnianni, var. paucicapitatus. 

Orcuttii. 

vcnuatua. 
Astr.'i^.'ilns 

argiUoaua. 

aaelcjiiadoides. 



Astragalus — Continued. 

biaulcatua, var. HaydeuiaDUO. 

coccineua. 

Coltoni. 

deaperatua. 

Haydouianua, var. major, 
var. Nevadeuaia. 

Moencoppeoais. 

aabuloaus. 

Sileranus. 

aopboroides. 
Atriplex 

coiTUgata. 
Axinea 

Costaricensis. 
Aycnia 

Jaliacana. 

paniculata. 

truncata. 

Wrigbtii. 
Baeopa 

amplexicaulis. 

repena. 

rotundifolia. 
Babia 

deaertorum. 

Scbaffneri. 

Baailiina 

millefolium. 
Baaaovia 

Donuell-Smithii. 

Mexicana. 

var. latifoliAb 
Begonia 

Californica. 

Pringlei. 
Berber i a 

dictyota. 

pumila. 
Berlandiera 

pumila. 
Bealeria 

Panaamalana. 
Bidens 

Alamoaana. 

Antignensis. 

Dablioidea. 
Bigelovia 

glareoaa. 
Biolettia 

riparia. 
Blakea 

Pittierii. 

8u1)peltata. 



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179 



Bletia 

Palmeri. 
Bocconia 

vulcanica. 
Boerbaavia 

Alamosana. 

octaiidra. 

Sonorii?. 
Boisdavallia 

densiflora, var. iinbricata. 

stricta. 
Boutoloua 

Alamosana. 

stolonifera. 

iiuitlora. 
Boykinia 

elata. 

rauunculifolia. 
BracbisiuB 

Esciiintlensis. 
Brachy podium 

piiiuatum^ var. cffispitoaus. 
Breweria 

teiiella. 
Brickellia 

Pacayensis. 
Brouffiiiai'tia 

Palmeri. 
Buddlela 

Cliapalami. 

Wrijrhtii. 
Buncliosia 

Pringlei. 

Souorensis. 
Bursera 

ceratti folia. 
Cacalia 

poculifera. 
Csesalpina 

placida. 
Calamagrostis 

deDBiis. 

kcelerioidca. 
Calamintlia 

glabra. 
Callitriche 

loDgipedunculata. 
CapDodeH 

Bidwelliannm. 

Caseanum. 
Capnorcbis 

ocbroleiica, 

paucldora. 



Cardamino 

Calilbrnica. 

cardiopbylla. 
Carex 

bystricina, var. angiislior. 

monile, var. Pacitica. 

obnupta. 

quadrilida. 
var. lenis. 

Htramluea, var. feslnracoa. 

tricbocarpa, var. ]a3viconica. 
Carlo wrigbtia 

Huibriata. 

peetinata. 
Carya 

Feniowiana. 
Casta! ia 

Mexicana. 

reuiformis. 
Castanea 

Castauea, var. Americana. 
Castilleia 

maorostigma. 
Ceanotbiis 

cnnentus, var. ramiilosns. 

rugusus. 
Cepba^lis 

glomcrulata. 
Cerastiiim 

erectum. 
Cerasus 

Californica. 
Cercocarpus 

Arizonicufl. 

parvifolius, var. breviflonis. 
Cereus 

striatus. 
Cbipnactis 

scaposa. 
Cbamtt'dorea 

Pringlei. 
Cbomelia 

Pringlei. 
Cborisia 

soluta. 
Cborizantbe 

Norton i. 
Cbrysarapbora 

Californica. 
Citbarexyhim 

Berlandieri. 

Cinaloanum. 
Cladotbrix 

cryptantba. 



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180 



Clarkift 

grauilillora. 
Claytouia 

perfoliata, var. aiuplcctens. 
var. angustilblia. 
Tar. camosa. 
Clematis 

Talmeri. 
Cleonie 

ephemera. 
Cleomella 

Palmerana. 
Clibadinm 

Doiinell-Smitbii. 
Clideiuia 

Biolleyana. 

Doniiell-Smitbii. 

laxiflora, var. longipetiolatft. 

Naudiuiana. 
CnicuB 

linearifolins. 

velatus. 
Collomia 

Priiiglei. 
Cologania 

Jaiiseana. 
Cono8tegia 

Benioulliana. 

Cooperi. 

Doiuiell-Smithii. 

birtella. 

lanceolata. 

Mexicana. 

Mouteloagreana. 

pnbernla. 
Cord i a 

Priuglei. 

Sonone. 
(^oronopus 

Coronopus. 
Cotyledon 

nnbigeiia. 
Coiiblaudia 

Mexicana. 
Conrsetia 

axillaris. 
Croton 

Alamosanam. 

calvescens. 

el^aguoidcs. 
Crumininm 

Virginianuni. 
Crusea 

megalocarpa. 



Cyclanthera 

teatudiuea. 
CymopteniB 

decipiens. 

megacephalns. 
Dahlia 

dlBsecta. 

pubescens. 
Dalea 

maritima. 
Daleebampia 

scan den 8, var. trisecta. 
Dantbonia 

Mexicana. 
Daphnopsis 

Tuerckbeimiana. 
Dasyliriou 

inerme. 
Descbampsia 

Pringlei. 
Desman thus 

Cooleyi. 

fruticosns. 

oligoHpermns. 
Desmodinm 

amans. 

Jaliscannm, var. obtnsnm. 

Lindheimeri. 

prostratnm. 

snbApicatum. 
Diantbera 

ovata. 
Diarrbena 

diandra. 
Dicliptera 

formosa. 
Dipbysa 

raceniosa. 
Dryniaria 

carinata. 

polyatacbya. 
Dysodia 

papposa. 
Ecbeandia 

nodosa. 
Echiuocystis 

cirrhopednncnlata. 
Echinopepon 

cirrhopedunculatus. 
Ehretia 

Mexicana. 
Eucelia 

nutans. 



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181 



£pilobinxn 

ndenooanlon, var. oooi den tale, 
var. perplexaus. 

clavatum. 

delicatmn. 
var. t^nue. 

bolosericeum. 

leptocarpiim, var. Macounii. 

lineare,var. oliganthnm. 

Oregonense, var. gracilliiunni. 

pauicnlatum, var. jucnudiim. 

rigidiim, var. cauescens. 

ursinuiu. 

var. snbfalcatum. 
Eragrostis 

interrupt a. 

Pringlei. 

8picata. 
Erigeron 

AlanioBanam. 

aureus. 

Califomicus. 

ChiLiiahuauus. 

corouariuB. 

Forreri. 

fraternus. 

Galeottii. 

uuilticeps. 

Seaman nii. 

8t4)loniter. 

strigulosns. 

Wislizeui. 
Eriocaulou 

articulatum, 

JaliRcanam. 
Eriogoniim 

agiiinum. 

dasyantbemnm, var. Jepsonii. 

deserticola. 

elegans. 

fiexum. 

minutiflorum. 

Nortoni. 

vimineum, var. caninam. 
Eriogynia 

Henderson!. 
Eriophy'ilum 

Jepsonii. 
Erodium 

Californicum. 
Eryngium 

Mexieanum. 
Erysimum 

arenicola. 

capitatum. 



Erytbrsea 

Pringleana. 
Erytbronium 

grandiflorum, var. parviflorum. 

mesochoreum. 

montanum. 

revolutum, var. Uolanderi. 
Eseubeckia 

Hay a. 
Eupatorium 

agerati folium, var. purpiireum. 

CbapaleuHC. 

Dounell-Smitbii. 

var. parvilVdium. 

Espinosarum, var. subiutegrifolium. 

lyratum. 

Madrense. 

Raiaeleuso. 
Eupborbia 

biserrata. 

digitata. 

incerta. 

misella. 

rugulosa. 

tuberosa. 

subpeltata. 

Watsonii. 
Flcus 

Guadalajarana. 

Jaliscana. 

Pringlei. 

radulina. 
Fimbristemma 

calycosa. 
Fla^rkea 

alba. 

rosea. 
Frasera 

lUabensis. 
Fraxinus 

viridis, var. pubcscens. 
Galactia 

discolor. 
Gaudichauaia 

Ubdeana. 
Gayopbytum 

lasiospermum. 
Gentiana 

quinquefolia, var. occidentalia. 
Gerard ia 

punctata. 
Geum 

Canadense, var. flavum. 
Gilia 

Uowardi. 



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182 



Godetia 

pulcherrima. 
Goliouc'ina 

heteropliyllQin. 
Gonolubus 

parviflorus, var. brovicoronatus. 
Go veil ia 

elliptica. 
Gurania 

Doiniell-Sraithii. 
Gymimla 

Grisebachii. 
Gyiuimuthes 
Priuglei. 
Gymnolomia 

deciimbens. 
Habenaria 
filifera. 
Hecbtia 

pedicellata. 
Heeria 

axillaris. 
Heliotropium 
Priuglei. 
Hemionitis 
elegans. 
Henrya 

irabricaus. 
Hepatica 

Hepatica. 
Herpestis 

acnniinata. 
auriciilata. 
Hesperanthes 

alboinarginata. 
Heteropteris 

retusa. 
Heterotoma 

aurita. 
Hicoria 

Feniowiana. 
Hilaria 

cenchroideH, var. ciliatua. 
Hosackia 

Alamosana. 

sericea. 

Hymenatberum 

anomalum. 

Hymeiiopappus 

radiata. 
Hypericum 

anagalloides, var. Nevadenae. 
Canadeuse, var. borealo. 
Hyptis 
collina. 



Ictbyomethia 
Piacipula. 
Ilex 

Caroliniana. 
Ipoiuuia 
alata. 

Beruouilliana. 
brevipea. 
Grayi. 
Leoneiiaia. 
macrantha. 
nuda. 
roatrata. 
Schrenkiana. 
aericophylla. 
Tortugeiisia. 
laopynim 

tri folium. 
Jackaonia 
teiiuifolia. 
tracbyaperma. 
uniglanduloaa. 
Jnglana 

Mexicana. 
Juaaiffia 

Peruviana, var. glaberrima. 
piloaa, var. robustior. 
Jnaticia 

Priuglei. 
Kraunbia 
auatralia. 
bracbybotrya. 
Cbinenaia. 
magaaperma. 
Krynitzkia 

glomerata, var. acuta. 
Knbnia 

eupatorioidea^ var. glutiuosa. 
Lachnocaulon 

anccpa. 
Laetuca 

apicata. 
Lapbamia 

Gilenais. 
Lappula 
ciliata. 
deflexa. 
dittuaa. 
florlbnnda. 
biapida. 
Mexicana. 
nervosa, 
pinetorum. 
Redowakii. 
uraina. 
Virginiana. 



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183 



Latitetitid 

Michoaenntt) var. Uvatifolid: 

bvatifoiia. 
Leaudra 

comoides. var. birtclla. 

comoides, var. lati folia. 

CostariceusiH, var. angnstifolia. 
var. liirsutiur. 
Lepidium 

nitidiiin; var. in8i«;ne. 
Leptochlua 

spicata. 
Leptorhtt'o 

tenai folia. 
Liatris 

Helleri. 
Lilseopsis 

lineata. 
Lippia 

forinosa. 

montana. 
Lobelia 

laxiflora, var. insignis. 

novella. 
Lotas 

Alamosana. 
Ludwigia 

diffusa. 

var. Califomica. 
Luina 

Piperi. 
Lupinus 

albicaulis, var. silvestris. 

albifronS; var. eolliiins. 

confertus, var. Wrightii. 

formosus. 

var. Bridgesii. 

loDgipes. 

nemoralis. 
Lysiloma 

Acapnlceusis, var. brcvispicata. 

Watson i. 
Macfadyena 

simplicifolia. 
Macleania 

cordata, var. linearifolla. 
Madia 

hispida. 
Malvastrum 

fascicalatum. 

multiflornm. 

orbiculatom, 

Parryi. 



Maiiiili'iriil 

Noteslrtitili 

RoHeaiid. 
Manibot 

Priiiglei. 

Mapouria 

parvi folia. 
Marshall! a 

trinervia. 
Melampodiuiii 

bibrttctt^attltd, 

glabrulil. 

sinuatum. 
Melica 

multiners'osa. 

Melotbria 

Dounell-Siuitbii. 
var. birtclla. 
vat. rotimdifolia* 
Mendoncia 

cleistopbylla. 
Mentzolia 

nitens. 
Metastelma 

lati folia. 
Miconia 

biperulifera. 

Bourgieana. 

Carioaua. 

Costnrieensis. 

glabrata. 

Guateinalensis. 

buniilis. 

Liobmanuii. 

paleacea. 

Pittierii. 

Scblect end alii. 

Tondnzii. 

var. cnneata. 

var. furluracea. 

var. latifolia. 

var. oblongi folia. 

var. serrulata parvifolia. 

Tuerckbeimii. 
Micrarapelis 

cirrboptMluncnlata. 

fabacea, var. agrestia, 
Micrantbeniiim 

m I cran tbemoidos^ 
Microstylift 

tenuis. 
MimoHa 

affinis. 

I'almeri. 



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184 



Mimulns 

CongdonLi. 

filicaiilis. 

gracilipes. 
Mimnsops 

Floridana. 
Mirabilifl 

ftxeerta. 
MoUugo 

Cambei«8irleaii. 
MonochiBtum 

angiiHti folium. 

Candollei. 

diffnanm. 
Monolepis 

Nnttalliana. 
Montia 

Chauiissonis. 

diffiiHa. 

Hallii. 

linearis. 

parvifolia. 
Mouriria 

Mnelleri. 
Mublenbergia 

AIamo8a\ 

articnlata. 

Scbaffneri, var. longiseta. 
Myriocarpa 

brachystacbys. 

longipes, var. Yzabalensis. 
Myriopbyllum 

Farwellii. 
Myrodia 

Gnatemalteca. 
Nasturtium 

bracteatum. 

dictyotum. 

occidentale. 
Neea 

psychotrioidcs. 
NemacladuH 

oppo»itifoliu8. 
NemoBoria 

Californica. 

Neo-Mexicana. 
Neopringlca 

intogri folia. 
Nei)bra(lcuia 

fruticoaa. 
Neplirodium 

dualo. 

viscidum. 
Neptunia 

virgata. 



Niasolia 

aetoaa. 
Notholiena 

Lemmoni, Tar. atraminea. 

Nealleyi, var. Mexicana. 

rigida. 
(Enothera 

argata. 

campestris. 

var. cruciata. 

decorticans. 

depressa. 

hirtella. 

Jepsonii. 

strignloga, var. epilobioides. 
Oligonema 

heteropbylla. 
Ompbalodes 

acuminata. 
Opnutia 

rotundi folia. 
Orcnttia 

Greenei. 
Oreopanax 

oligocarpum. 
Osmaronia 

cerasiformis. 
Otopappus 

acuminatuB. 

altorni folia. 
Oxytbeca 

birtiflora. 

Bpergulina. 
Panicom 

fasciculatum; var. dissitiflomm. 

bians, var. purpurasceus. 
Paratbesis 

pleurobotryosa. 

Bessilifolia. 
Paronycbia 

inonandra. 
Parrya 

Menziesii. 
Partbeniura 

repens. 
Paspalum 

setaceum, var, pnbiflorum. 
Passiflora 

allantopbylla. 

clypeopbylla. 

dictbopbylla. 

ornithonra. 

transversa. 



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185 



raullinia 


Pi8cidia 


btsirlatiua. 


ujollia. 


tortuoKU. 


Pisonia 


Pelltea 


aculeata, var. niacrauthocarpa. 


PriDglei. 


Pitcaimia 


I'ontstemon 


Carioana. 


Haydeui. 


Pithecolobium 


Sonoiiiensis. 


flexicaule. 


Peperoniia 


Moxicanum. 


albidiflora. 


Plectritis 


Cobana. 


major. 


Jaliscana. 


Pogonia 


Tiiercklieimii. 


Mexicana. 


Perezia 


Polygala 


colllna. 


Boykinil, var. sparsi folia. 


montana. 


Lindheimeri, var. parvifolia. 


Pcrityle 


Bubalata. 


crassi folia. 


Tweedyi. 


eflfusa. 


Polygonum 


minutissima 


Kelloggii. 


Pcrsea 


Polypteris 


Donnell-Smithii. 


sphacelata. 


Peucedanura 


Potentilla 


lapidosam. 


biennis. 


Phacelia 


Californica, var. elata. 


dubia. 


Donnell-Smithii. 


var. hirsuta. 


Douglasii, var. tenella. 


Eisenii. 


glandulosa, var. lactea. 


Phaseolns 


var. reliexa. 


montanua. 


Gordon!, var. lycopodioidcs. 


PbilcHlendron 


Prnnus 


Dounell-Sinithii. 


ilici folia, var. integrifolia. 


Guateinaleuso. 


Psilactis 


Phyllantbus 


tenuis. 


Pringlei. 


Psilostrophe 


Pbysaria 


Coopori. 


moutana. 


tagctina. 


Physocarpiis 


var. sparsiflora. 


monogyna. 


Pulsatilla 


Picea 


hirsutissima. 


nigra, var. cocruloa. 


occidentalis. 


Pilea 


Pyrus 


glabra. 


Ivensis. 


Pimpinella 


Soulardi. 


Mexicana. 


Ranunculus 


PiniiB 


Grayi. 


Donnell-Smithii. 


pedatifidus, var. cardiophylluB 


monophylla, var. edulis. 


vagans. 


Piper 


Khamnus 


Donnell-Smithii. 


croeea, var. ilicifolia. 


Jaliscanum. 


Rhododendron 


Santa-rosannm. 


Sonomense. 


Tuerckheimii. 


Rhus 


Yzabulauum. 


Palmcri. 



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186 



Rosa 

gratissiina. 

SououienBis. 
Bubus 

CanadenHis, var. iuviBiis. 

var. roribacous. 

Millspaagbi. 

nanus. 

occiden talis, var. grnndiilora. 

villosus, var. albinus. 
var. sail V us. 
Russelia 

coccinea. 
Sabbatia 

dichotoma. 
Salicornia 

occidentalis. 
Salix 

Brownii, var. potrspa. 

niacrocarpa, var. argeutea. 

Salmea 

Palmeri. 
Salvia 

Alamosana. 
SamoluB 

Valerandi, var. repens. 

Sanicula 

Canadensis, var. Marylandlca. 
Sargent ia 

Prill glei. 
Saxifraga 

Howellii. 
Scbedonnardus 

pani cubitus. 
Scbizocarpum 

Pahiieri. 
Scbizonotus 

aria^folius. 
Schrankia 

Intsia. 
Schultesia 

Mexioana. 
Sclerocarpus 

spatulatus. 
Scutellaria 

liiHpidnla. 
Sebastiauia 

Palmeri. 

Priuglei. 
Senecio 

Cobanensis. 

Donnell-Sinitbii. 

Ghiesbreghtii, var. pauciflorus. 

Guadalaj arensis. 



Senecio — Continued. 

Hespetius. 

Jaliscana. 

Rawsoniaiius. 
Serjania 

psilophylla. 

raebiptera. 

rutisejiala. 
Sicyos 

longisepaiuu. 
Sida 

Alamosana. 
Sidalcea 

dclpbinifolia. 
vai. humilis. 

secundi flora. 
Silene 

Macounii. 

Suksdortii. 
Sisymbrium 

ca^eHcell^«, var. alpestro* 

crenatum. 

mnltiracemosum. 
Sisyrincbium 

platypbyllum. 
Si till as 

gran di flora. 

multicaulis. 

pauciliora. 

Rothrockii. 

SesKcana. 
Solanuin 

Donnell-Smithii. 

Grayi. 
Soleuoidiora 

erubescens. 
Solidago 

juncea, var. ramosa. 
Sommera 

sabiceoidcs. 
Spbwralcea 

Bubhatstata. 
Spilanthes 

Botterii. 
Spira-a 

discolor, var. ariicfolia. 

rubra. 
Spirautbes 

Jaliscana. 

Pringloi. 
Spondias 

Radlkoferl, 
Sporobolus 

complanatus. 

l>ilobut>. 



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187 



Stacliys 

ttsperuj var. ten ui flora. 
St^nleya 

albescens. 

elata. 
Steironema 

quadriflomm. 
Stellaria 

montana. 
Streptanthiie 

Californicus. 

intiatns. 

Mildredte. 

orbirnlatus. 

Parry i. 

seeundus. 
StjTax 

Jaliscaua. 
Syniplocos 

Ben til ami. 

Tringlei. 
Syn;^onium 

Donnell-Smithii. 
Tabebuia 

Palmeri. 
Talinum 

Coahnilenso. 
Tell i ma 

uudicaulis. 

scabrella. 
Tepbrosia 

cana. 
Tctragonotbeca 

(luatemalensiB. 
Tliulictrum 

dioicum. var. coriaceum. 
Tbelypodium 

aureum. 

Hookeri. 

proceruni. 
Thysanocarpns 

curvipes, var. involutus. 
var. pulcbellus. 
Tibouchina 

Bourgneana. 

Ferrari ana. 

Galeottiana. 

lougisepala. 

Mexicaua. 

montioola. 
Naudiniana. 

rufipilis. 

var hirsuta. 
8cabriu8cula. 

Scbiedeana. 
Trianiei. 

7G6— No. 6 5 



Tilbea 

Bolanderi. 
Tillandsia 

cucaensis. 

cylindrica, 

Pringlei. 

remota. 
Tinantia 

modesta. 
Tissa 

Cleveland!. 

saliua, var. Sanfordi, 
var. sordida. 
Tithonia 

fruticosa. 

macropbylla. 

Palmeri. 
Topobea 

Manrofernandeziana. 

Pittierii. 

Watsonii. 
Tradescantia 

Palmeri. 

Pringlei. 
Tri folium 

am(£num. 

Macrfpi, var. albo-pni*purenm, 

roscidum. 

tridentatnm, var. scabrellnm. 

trilobatum, 

variegatum, var. melanautbnm. 
Triuris 

brevistylia. 
Tropidocarpum 

gracile, var. scabriusculum. 
Tumion 

Califomicum. 

grande. 

nuciferum. 

taxifidium. 
Vaseyantbus 

Rosei. 
Verbesina 

crosa. 

Bcaposa. 
Vernonia 

gigantea. 

graminifolla. 

marginata 

Palmeri. 

Salvina^, var. canescens, 
Vicia 

Californica. 

leucopba?a, var. mediocincta. 
linearis. 
[Sei>t. 20, 1892.] 



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188 



Vigniera 




Zea 


leptocanlis. 




canina. 


montana. 




Zexmenla 


Viola 




dulcis. 


palmata, var. 


obliqua. 


fruticosa. 


purpurea, var 
Willardia 


pinetorum. 


Zimapanla 


Mexicana. 




Schiedeana. 


Withania 

melanocystis. 
Xylosma 

Priuglei. 
Xylothermia 

moutana. 




Zinnia 

linearis, var. latifolia. 

Zostera 

Oregana. 
PaciHca. 



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LIST OF PLANTS COLLECTED BY C. S. SHELDON AND M. A. 
CARLETON IN INDIAN TERRITORY IN 1891. 



By J. M. HOLZINGER. 



This paper is a report on two collections of plants, chiefly from Indian 
Territory, the first made by Mr. 0. S. Sheldon, the other by Mr. M. A. 
Carleton, whose paper on the native plants of Oklahoma Territory and 
adjacent districts appears herewith. 

Mr. Sheldon collected during June, July, and August in the southern 
half of the territory. Mr. Carleton was in the field from the middle of 
April to the last of September, covering the north half of Indian Terri- 
tory and the adjacent parts of Kansas, New Mexico, and Texas. 

Valuable help and suggestions were received in the determinations 
from Dr. George Vasey, who also determined the grasses. The Carices 
were referred for verification to Prof. L. H. Bailey. 

I.-C. 8. SHlfiliDON'S COIiliECTION. 

Mr. Sheldon's route lay through Colbert, Caddo, Atoka, the Sans 
Bois Mountains, Stonewall, McAlester, Erin Springs, Fort Sill, Cash 
Creek, Anadarko, the Washita Eiver, Mount Scott, the Shawnee Hills, 
and Hartshorn. 

MENISPERMACE2]. 

Coccnlus CarolinuB DC. Quite variable. Freqaent tbrongbont soutbeni Indian 
Territory. August. No. 258. 

CRUCIFERJE. 

Nasturtium offlcinale R. Br. Abundant at Cress Creek, but not seen elsewhere in 
the Territory. August. No. 264. 

CAPPARIDE2]. 

CleomeUa angustifolia Torr. On wet ground near streams. Fort Sill. July. No. 

244. 
Polanisia uuiglandulosa DC. Quannb's rancb. July. No. 213. 

CISTINE-ffi. 

Lechea major Mx. Stonewall, Chickasaw Nation. Infrequent. July. No. 124. 
Lechea tenuifolia Mx. Quanab's ranch. Gravelly soil. Common, but local. July. 
No. 205. 

189 



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190 

POLTGALEiE. 

Polygala alba Xutt. Gravelly liills, west of Paul's Valley. Not seen elsewhere. 

July. No. 152. 
Polygala inc am ata L. ColI)ert. Abnmlaut iu rich prairies easterly. June. No. 31. 
Polygala sauguiuea L. Atoka. Low ground. Juue. No. 59. 
Polygala verticillata L. Prairies along Cash Creek, near Fort Sill. July. N0.I6L 
Polygala ambigua Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Rocky ridges. July. No. 92. 
Krameria secundiflora DC. Colbert; Wichita Mountains. Kich woods. 

August. No. 3. 

CARYOPHYLLB-2B. 

Arenaria Miohauzii Hook. Stonewall. Gravelly stono hills. July. No. 138. 

PORTULACE2]. 

Portulaca pilosa L. Quanah*8 ranch. Low ground. July. No. 208. 
Talinum parviflonun Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Frequent on rocky hills through- 
out the Territory. 

MALVACE2]. 

Callirrhoe digitata Nutt. Saus Bois Mountains. Rich open pine woods. July. 
No. 102. 

LINEiE. 

Linum rigidum Pursh. Caddo. Dry limestone hills. June. No. 43. 
Llnum sulcatum Riddell. Caddo. Prairies. Common throughout. June. No. 56. 
Linum Virginianum L. Sans Bois Mountains. Rich open woods. Flowers small^ 
of a light straw color. July. No. 105. 

GERANIACEiE. 

Ozalis violacea L. Rocky places on a mountain near Quanah's ranch. Abundant 
on Mount Scott and probably throughout Wichita Mountains. July. No. 228. 

This plant has the scaly bulb of the .species to which it is here referred. The 
Howers are, however, rather larger, and no plants could be found with leaves. 
The Indians familiar with it claimed that it never had leaves. But this is prob- 
ably an error. In dry seasons plants in bloom and having no leaves are 
found in Minnesota. 

RUTACEiE. 

Ptelea trifoliata L., var. mollis Torr. and Gray. Signal Mountain. Westward. 
Rocky hills. July. No. 247. 

ILICINEiE. 

Ilex decidua Walt. McAlester. Along creeks. K.ist. August. No. 290. 

RHAMNEiE. 

Rhamnus Caroliuiana Walt. McAlester. .Vlong creeks. August. No. 295. 
Ceanothus Americanus L. Colbert. Not seen in the western part of the Terri- 
tory. June. No. 7. 

AMPELIDACEiE. 

Vitis cordifolia Mx. Chickasaw Creek, near Stringtown. June. No. 74. 

Vitisrupeatris Siheelo. (^uanah's ranch. Banks of Sautly Creek. Common west- 
ward. July. No. 219. 

Ampelopaia quinquefolia Mx. Quanah's ranch. July. No. 240. 

Ciaaus Ampelopsia Pors. Mount Scott. Creek banks. August. No. 253. 

CiasuB iucisa I )csmoul. Quanah's ranch. Climbs over Symphoricarpos, Juuiperoua, 
etc. July. No. 189. 



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191 

ANACARDIACE2]. 

Rhus Canadensis Marsh, vur. trilobata Gray. Qiiauah Mountain.* Rocky slopes 

July. Xo.20<.\ 
Rhus copalliua L. McAlestor. IIills and prairies. Abundant eastward. July 

Xo. 123. 

LEQUMINOSiE. 

Baptisia sphaerocarpa Nutt. Colbert. Sandy soil. June. No. 17. 

Crotalarla ovalis Pursb. Colbert. Sandy banks. June. Xo. 115. 

Hosackia Purshiana Benth. Qnauah's ranch. July. No. 211. 

Psoralea cuspidata Pursb. Caddo. Kocky hills. Not noted elsewhere. June. 

Xo. 50. 
Psoralea simplex Xutt. Atoka. Low ground. Not uncommon throughout. June. 

Xo. 60. 
Dalea aurea Nutt. Five miles west of Stonewall. Prairies. Very abundant. 

July. No. 133. 
Dalea laziflora Pursh. Paul's Valley. Prairies and hills. July. No. 148. 
Petalostemon oandidus Mx. Colbert and Stonewall. U2)land prairies. Abun 

dant. June, July. Nos. 12, 268. 
Petalostemon multiflorus Nutt. Wichita Mountains. Abundant west of the 

Chickasaw Nation on prairies and rocky slopes. August. No. 259. 
Petalostemon violaceus Mx. Colbert and Stonewall. Gravelly prairie. June, 

July. Nos. 13, 31. 
ludigofera leptosepala Nutt. Erin Springs. Frequent westward to Green County. 

In sandy soil, along streams. July. No. 155. 
Tephrosia ouobrychoides Nutt. Atoka. Sandy prairies. June. No. 67. 
Tephrosia Virginiana Pers. Colbert. Upland prairies. Abundant as far west 

as the Santa Fe Railroad. June. No. 11. 
Sesbania macrocarpa Muhl. McAlester. Evidently introduced. August. No. 320. 
Astragalus Canadensis L. Sans Bois Mountains. Creek banks. July. No. 100. 
Stylosanthes elatior Swartz. Colbert. Dry, sandy prairies. Common in the 

eastern part. June. No. 20, 
Desmodium acuminatum DC. Erin Springs. Open thickets. July. No. 176. 
Desmodium Dillenii Darl. Sans Bois Mountains. Not common. August. No. 315. 
Desmodium lUinoense Gray. Fort Sill. Frequent in sandy soil in low ground. 

August. No. 260. 
Desmodium paniculatum DC. Along Cress Creek, 12 miles north of Fort Sill. 

August. No. 261. 
Desmodium sessilifolium Ton*, and Gray. Sans Bois Mountains. Hich woods. 

Frequent. July. No. 104. 
Vicia ezigua Nutt. Quaniib Mountains. Common. July. No. 187. 
Clitoria Mariana L. Sans Bois Mountains. Uocky pine woods. Common througb- 

out in similar situations. July. No. 91. 
Galactia mollis Mx. Quanah's ranch. Rich soil, in low ground. July. No. 210. 
Phaseolus helvolus L. Quanah's ranch and Fort Sill. July. Nos. 220, 246. 
Rhynchosia latifolia Nutt. Colbert. Rich prairies. Infrequent eastward. June. 

Xo. 112. 
Cassia Chamaeorista L. Colbert. Abundant throiigbout. June. No. 19. 
Cassia nictitans L. Sans Bois Mountains. Gravelly lulls. August. No. 332. 
Cassia Tora L. Sans Bois Mountains. Rich soil along creeks. Fro(iuont, especially 

eastward. August. No. 282. 
Prosopis juliflora DC. Fort Sill. Prairies. The "mesijiiit" of the Spaniards 

and Indians. July. Xo. 243. 

» Quanah Mountain is one of tho Wichita Mountains. Mr. Sbeldon gives it this name because it 
lies back of Quanah Parker's rainch. Quauah Parker is hea<l chief of the Comanchcs. Tho Wichita 
Mountains are all very rocky, with cedarjr scattered over them. 



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192 

Neptunia lutea Bentb. Colbart. Abundant tbronghout. June. No. 30. 
Desmanthus brachylobus Bentb. CacUlo. Common tbrougbout. June. No. 38. 
Acacia fiUcina Willd. Colbert. June. Nos. 5, lOU. 

MELASTOMACEiE. 
Rhezia Mariana L. Sans Bois Mountains. Ricb, open ground. August. No. 311. 

LYTHRARIE-2B. 
Lythrum alatum Pursb. Atoka. Frequent in low ground east. June. No. 5S. 

ONAGRARIEiE. 

Ludwigia cylindrica Ell. McAlester. Muddy creek banks. June. No. 81. 
CESaothera Missouriensis Sims. Quauab's rancb. Gravelly and rocky s1oim?s, 

July. No. 237. 
OBnothera serrulata Nutt. Colbert. Higb, dry, sandy prairies. June. No. 18. 
CESnothera specioaa Nutt. Caddo. Gravelly, dry soil. June. No. 45. 
Qaura biennis L. Gaines Creek. Prairies. August. No. 300. 
Ganra sinuata Nutt. Casb Creek. Sandy prairies. July. No. 172. 
Stenoaiphon virgatua Spacb. Stonewall. Common to Wicbita Mountains. 

Gravelly and sandy prairies. July. No. 144. 

LOASEiE. 
Mentzelia oligoaperma Nutt. Quanab's rancb. Rocky slopes. July. No. 231. 

CUCURBITACEiB. 

Cucurbita foetidissima HBK. Fort Sill. Roadsides and waste places. Appar 
ently introduced. Tbe fruit is somewbat smaller tban a nutmeg melon. Jul v. 
No. 183. 

Cycl^thera dissecta Arn. Quauab's rancb. Rocky places. July. No. 229. 

FICOIDBiB. 

MoUugo verticillata L. Signal Mountain. Near Fort Sill. Common in bard soiL 
August. No. 248. 

UMBELLIFER^. 

Er3mgium dififuaum Torr. Casb Creek. In a prairie-dog town. A prostrate, 

spreading plant. July. No. 169. 
Zizia aurea Kocb. Stringtown, along Cbickasaw Creek. Low, sandy ground. 

June. No. 73. 
Discopleura Nuttallii DC. Colbert and McAlester. June, July. Nos. 9, 122. 
Eurytaenia Texana Torr. and Gray. Anadarko. Gravelly soil. July. No. P>7. 
Bifora Americana Bentb. and Hook. Caddo. Dry, gravelly soil. June. No. 41. 
Trepocarpua .SSthuaae Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Creek banks, in black soil. 

July. No. 101. 
Daucua puaillua Mx. Colbert. Sandy soil. June. No. 2907. 

CORNACE^. 

Comua candidiaaima Marsb. M ;Aloi^ter. Low ground, along streams. June, 

No. 85. 
Comua florida L. Banks of Cbickasaw Crock, near Stringtown. June. No. 72. 



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193 

CAPRIPOLIACEiB. 

Viburnum pninifolium L. McAlester. Low ground. June. No. SQ. 
Symphoricarpus vulgaris Mx. McAlester. Low ground, along streams. June. 
No. 87. 

BTJBIACBJB. 

Cephalanthus occidentalis L. McAlester. Common. July. No. 120. 
Houstonia angustifolia Mx. With Cuscuta decora Engelni, var. indecora Engelm. 

Caddo and Quanab Mountain. June, July. Nos. 42, 191. 
Diodia teres Walt. Colbert. Dry banks. June. No. 28. 
Galium circaezans Mx. Sana Bois Mountains. Rocky pine woods. Frequent. 

July. No. 93. 
Galium pilosum Ait., var, punotioulosum Torr. and Gray. Colbert. June. No. 114. 

OOMPOSITiE. 

Vemonia Arkansana DC. Gaines Creek and Sans Bois Mountains. On low 
prairies and along creeks. August. No. 297. 

Vemonia Baldwinii Torr. Quanah^s ranch. Abundant throughout. July. No. 
222. 

Vernonia Lettermani Engelm. Hartshorn. Rocky banks. September. No. o.^d. 

Elephantopus Carolinianus Willd. Sans Bois Creek. Only eastward, not com- 
mon. August. No. 322. 

Eupatorium ccelestinum L. Gainee Creek and Sans Bois Mountains. Infrequent. 
August. No. 29». 

Eupatorium serotinum Mx. Common along creek banks throughout the eastern 
part. No. 299. 

IiiaUis acidota Engelm. and Gray. Sana Bois Mountains. Open and rocky hills. 
mon from Shawnee Hills eastward. August. No. 293. 

Iiiatris pyonostachya Mx. Stonewall. Prairies. Common. July. No. 126. 

Liatris squaurosa Willd. Anadarko and Sans Bois Mountains. Frequent east. 
July, August. Nos. 168, 304. 

AmphiaohyrlB dracunouloides Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Abundant along road- 
sides. August. No. 329. 

Ghindelia lanceolata Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Open hills. More conuuon 
westward in Chickasaw Nation. August. No. 308. 

Chrysopsis pilosa Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Rocky hills. Common eastward. 
Westward Xanthisma Texanum takes its place. August. No. 321. 

ChryBopsis villosa Nutt. Sandy hills west of Erin Springs. Common from there 
westward. July. No. 174. 

Xanthisma Tezanum DC. Fort Sill. Gravelly prairies. Abundant throughout. 
August. No. 269. 

Aplopappus spinulosuB DC. Cash Creek. Infrequent. July. No. 173. 

Solidago nitida Torr. and Gray. Sans Bois Mountains. Common through Choc- 
taw Nation, on rocky hills. August. No. 319. 

Solidago radula Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Dry hills. Common here and in 
Shawnee Hills. August. No. 294. 

Solidago rigida L. Common on rocky hills throughout the eastern portion of the 
Territory. August. No. 318. 

Aphanostephus Arkansanua Gray. Erin Springs. Frequent from there to the 
western boundary of the Chickasaw Nation. On prairies. July. No. 149. 

Aphanostephus ramosissimus DC. in a prairie-dog town near Cash Crook. 
Found frequently in similar situations throughout the western part of the Ter- 
ritory. July. No. 171. 



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194 

Chaetopappa asteroides DC. Striiigtowii. Rich pine woods, in gravelly soil 

June. No. 76. 
Boltonia diffua.^ Ell. Sans Bois Mountains. In rich soil along streams. August. 

No. 240. 
Aster paludosua Ait. Along Sans Bois Creek bottoms. Also frequent in oj>er. 

prairies through Choctaw Nation. August. No. 323. 
Aster patens Ait., var. gracilis Hooker. Rocky woods near Hartshorn. Frequent 

eastward. September. No. 3!W. 
Engelmannia pinnatifida Torr. and (iray. Caddo. Dry, gravelly hills. Infrequenr. 

June. No. 44. 
Iva angustifolia Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains ; also at McAlester. Sandy upland?. 

August. No. 328. 
Iva ciliata Willd. Sans Bois Mountains. Low ground. Not seen far westward, 

August. No. 330. 
Ambrosia bidentata Mx. McAlester. Abundant everywhere. August. No. 314. 
Echinacea angustifolia DC. Erin Springs and westward. Gravelly hills. Not 

common. July. No. 154. 
Rudbeckia amplezicaulis Vahl. Caddo. Dry, gravelly soil. Common. June. 

No. 46. 
Rudbeckia maziina Nutt. Stringtown. Low ground, in peaty soil. Jane. No. 70. 
Helianthus hirsutus Raf. At the foot of the mountain near Quanah's ranch. Along 

streams. Common westward. Julj'. No. 232. 
Helianthus strumosus z decapetalus. Rocky banks along Sans Bois Creek. 

August. No. 326. 
Verbesina Virginica L. Sans Bois Mountains. Along streams. Common from 

there westward through Choctaw Nation. Hardly in flower as yet. August. 

No. 316. 
Coreopsis grandiflora Nutt. Colbert and McAlester. High prairies. June. Nos. 

8, SS, 
Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. Colbert. Prairies. Common throughout, and variable 

in size, coloring, and divisions of leaves. Juno. No. 2. 
Thelesperma filifolium Gray. Stonewall. Summit of limestone hill, where it is 

invariably dwarf and lacks the dark base to the rays; also at Quanah'srancli. 

along saudy creek banks. The plants are glaucous and the leaves invariably 

pellucid punctate. July. Nos. 135, 215. 
Hymeuopappus artemisiaefolius DC. Colbert. Common on dry prairies in the 

eastern part. June. No. 22. 
Hymenatherum tagetoides Gray. Quanah's ranch. Open gravelly places. July. 

No. 204. 
Helenium tenuifolium Nutt. McAlester. Roa^lsides and everywhere abnndant. 

August. No. 289. 
Helenium tenuifolium Nutt., var. badium Gray. Quanah's ranch and through- 
out Wichita Mountaius. June. No. 198. 
Gaillardia lanceolata Mx. McAUbter and Stonewall. Sandy prairies. July. No. 

125. 
Polypteris Texana Gray. Quanah'8 ranch. Mostly along creeks, in sandy and 

gravelly .soil. July. No. 107. 
Actinella linearifolia Torr. and Gray. Stonewall. Common west to Wichita Moun- 
tains. July. N(». 128. 
Cnicus altissimus Willd. S.nis Bois Mountains. Along creeks. Frequent, but not 

yet in flower. August. \o. 292. 
Cnicus undulatus Gray. Stonewall. July. No. 132. 
Centaurea Americana Nutt. Colbert. June. No. 1. 

Hieracium longipilum Torr. Stringtown. Gravelly hills. June. No. 71. 
Pyrrhopappus Caroliuianus DC. McAlester. Common along roadsides and 

creeks. August. No. 313. 



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195 

LOBELIACEiE. 

Iiobelia pubemla Mx. Sans Bois Mountains. Rich open ground. Not seen west- 
ward. August. No. 310. 
Iiobelia spicata Lam. Atoka. Low ground. Not seen elsewhere. June. No. 57. 

OLEACEJB. 

Fraziuus pubescens Lam. Quanali's ranch. Sandy creek banks. July. No;*. 

203, 221. 
FrazinuB viridis Mx. Sans Ijois Mountains. Along creek hanks. Frc«iuent. 

August. No. 275. 

APOCYNACEiB. 

Amsonia anguatifolia Mx. Quanah'e ranch. Rocky hills. July. No. 224. 

ASCLEPIADACEiB. 

Aceratesviridiflora Ell. Caddo. Frequent west, less so eastward. Junci No. 51. 

Asclepias stenophylla Gray. McAlester. Prairies. June. No. 77. 

flsclepias tuberosa L. Colbert. Frequent on prairies. The flowers are occ:ision- 

ally almost straw colored. June. No. 10. 
Asclepias verticillata L. Sans Bois Mountains. Open woods, July. No. 89. 
Asclepiodora viridis Gray. Colbert. Common on prairies. June (in fruit). No. 

106. 

OENTIANEJB. 

lizythraea Bejrrichii Torr. and Gray, Erin Springs. Thins oil on gravelly hills. 

July. No. 153. 
Sabbatia annularis Pursh. Sans Bois Mountains. Rich woods. July. No. 117. 
Sabbatia campestris Nutt. Caddo. Universal and abundant, on prairies. June. 

No. 55. 
Eostoma Russellianum Griseb. Prairie hillsides, near Paul's Valley. July. No. 

146. 

POLEMONIACEiB. 

Gilia coronopifolia Pers. Sans Bois Mountains and Quanah's ranch. Frequent. 
July. Nos. 103, 225. 

HYDROPHYLLACBiB. 

Hydrolea ovata Nutt. Sans Bois Mountains. Not frequent. Boggy place'-i on 
rocky Iiillsides. Found as far west as the western border of the Choctaw Nation. 
August. No. 307. 

BORAOINEiB 

Heliotropium tenellum Torr. Rocky hills near Caddo. June. No. 52. 
Ouosmodium Carolluianum DC Between Stonewall and PauVs Valley. Fre- 
quent. July. No. 141. 

CONVOLVULACBJB. 

IpomoBa leptophylla Torr. Anadarko. Dry prairies. July. No. 177. 
Convolvulus incanus Vahl. Quanah's ranch. Rocky slopes. July. No. 230. 
Bvolvulus argenteus Pursh. Caddo. June. No. 53. 

Cuscuta glomerata Choisy. Cress Creek. Abundant on Composites. Auiiiist. 
No. 263. 

' Tho characterization of the size of flowers of tins species and of O. Brjarieme in the Synoittiral 
Flora iH not correct and needs revision. Tho western and southwestern torins of O. Carolinianufn 
have corollas as described for the other species, viz, 6-8 lines long, with lobes I tho length of tube. 



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196 

Cuscuta decora ' Engelm. Colbert. On dry prairies, growing preferably on CaasiA 

Chamjpcrista. June. No. 21. 
Cuscuta decora ' Engelm., var. indecora Engelm. On limestone hills near Stone 

wall. July. No. 134. 

SOLANACEiB. 

Solanum Carolinense L. Colbert. Common along railroads east and on prairies 

west. June. No. 107. 
Solanum elseagnifolium Cav. Colbert. Same distribution as S. Carolinense^ 

June. No. 108. 

SCROPHULARINEJB. 

Conobea multifida Benth. Boggy places in high prairies west of Paul's Valley. 

July. No. 147. 
Herpeatis rotundifolia Pursh. In a pool on the rocky summit of the mountain 

near Quanah's ranch. Jnly. No. 227. 
Buchneta Americana L. Colbert. Prairies. Common. June. No. 4. 
Q^rardia grandiflora Benth. Sans Bois Mountains. Rocky hills. Frequent through 

out Choctaw Nation. August. No. 325. 

PEDALINEiE. 

Martynia proboscidea Glox. Wichita River. Low, sandy prairies. This plant 
appears as if introduced. July. No. 1.50. 

ACANTHACEiB. 

Ruellia ciliosa Pursh, var. lone;iflora Gray. Colbert. Common on dry prairies, 

June. No. 14. 
Dianthera Americana L. McAlester. Muddy creek banks. June. No. 80. 

VERBENACEiB. 

Lippia lanceolata Mx. Wichita River, near Anadarko and Fort Sill. Wet banks 

of creeks. July, August. Nos. 166, 262. 
Verbena angustifoUa Mx. Caddo. Dry, gravelly hills. Frequent. June. No. 49. 
Verbena Aubletia L. Colbert. Common along railroads, especially westward. 

June. No. 26. 
Verbena blpinnatifida Nutt. Caddo. Dry prairies. Common east. June. No. 48. 
Verbena offlcinalls L. Colbert. Prairies. Infrequent. June. No. 23. 

LABIATiB. 

Pycnanthemumllnifolium Pursh. Atoka. Frequent in low ground. East. Jane. 
No. 64. 

Hedeoma Dnimmondii Benth. Stonewall. Limestone hill. July. No. 137. 

Salvia farinacea Benth. Sans Bois Mountains. Common in gravelly soil through- 
out. August. No. 317. 

Monarda punctata L. Colbert. Roadsides and prairies. Abundant eastward. 
The form with white bracts is invariably larger. June. No. 110. 

Monarda citrlodora Cerv. Colbert. Common on dry prairies. June. No. 25. 

Monarda fistulosa L. McAlester. Low ground. July. No. 121. 

Monarda Russelliana Nutt. A slender form. Couch's Mills, Sans Bois Mountains. 
In rocky pine woods. July. No. 98. 

Scutellaria versicolor Nutt. Colbert, Caddo, Sans Bois Mountains, and as far 
west as the western boundary of Chickasaw Nation. June, July. Nos. 6, 47, 97. 



' I am ftwftro that Choiay's original specific name, altered by Engelmann, should be restored. Bat 
the unoortninty m to Choisy's plant being typo of Kngelmann's 0. decora, or of his var. indecora, bat 
led me for the present to retain here the old uamea. 



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197 

PLANTAOINEiB. 

Plantago Patagonica Jacq. Colbert. Common on dry prairies. Juno. No. 111. 
Plantago Pacagonica Jacq., var. aristata Gray. Colbert. Prairies. The com- 
monest form eastward. Jnne. No. 113. 

NTCTAOINEiB. 

Ozybaphua anguatifolius Sweet. Anadarko. Dry prairies. Occaaional west of 
the Chickasaw Nation. Jnly. No. 178. 

OzybaphuB hirsutus Sweet. Fort Sill. Roadsides. Notfreqnent. July. No. 245. 

Oxybaphus nyctagineus Sweet, var. oblongifolius Gray. Qnanah's ranch. Occa- 
sional. July. No. 226. 

ILLECEBRACEiB. 

Paronychia dichotoma Nutt. Rocky and gravelly prairies west of Paul's Valley. 
Common from there westward. July. No. 151. 

AMARANTACEiB. 

Gk>ssypianthu8 tenuiflorus Hook. Prairie-dog town, near Cash Creek. July. 

No. 170. 
Froelichia gracilis Moq. Erin Springs. A prostrate, spreading plant, in sandy 

soil along borders of thickets. Occasional westward. July. No. 158. 
Froelichia gracilis Moq., var. Floridana.^ Dry open thickets west of Erin Springs. 

Common westward. Jnly. No. 175. 

CHENOPODIACEiB. 

Cycloloma platyphyllum Moq. Sandy thickets near Erin Springs. July. No. 157. 
Chenopodiuxn Bosoianuxn Moq. Creek bottom, near Mount Scott. August. No. 
254. 

POLTGhONACEiB. 

Polygonum Virginianum L. Mount Scott. Rich soil, in creek bottoms. Scarce. 
August. No. 255. 

LAURINEiB. 

Sassafras officinale Nees. Sans Bois Mountains. Common along creeks and rivers, 
in Choctaw Nation. August. No. 309. 

LORANTHACEiB. 

Phoradendron flavesoens Nutt. On elms, along Sans Bois Mountains. Common, 
especially eastward in Choctaw Nation. August. No. 324. 

EUPHORBIACEiB. 

Euphorbia dictyosperma BHsch. and Mey. Colbert and Caddo. Rich, black, mucky 
soil, in sha^le, along creeks, and on low ground on prairies. June. Nos. 15, 40. 

Euphorbia longicruris Scheele. Caddo. Dry gravelly hills. Juno. No. 39. 

Euphorbia serpyllifolia Pers., var. Neo-Mezicana Millsp. Gravelly hills near 
Fort Sill. July. No. 185. 

Euphorbia zygophylloides Boiss. Qnanah's ranch. July. No. 212. 

1 See note on pages 214 and 215. 



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198 

Phyllantbus CarolineuBis Walt. Kockj- hills near Qaanah's ranch. Comuion 
there, but not seen westward. July. No. 235. 

Phyllauthus polygonoides Spreng. Qnanah Mountain. Common on sandy and 
rocky slopcB. July. No. 201. 

Phyllanthus Niruri L./ var. tenuicaulis Muell. Quanah's ranch. Ix«w, a^indy 
ground. July. No. 218. 

Jatropha Tezana C. Mnell. Erin Springs. Freqnent along banks and inthi< k«-t9 
tlironghout the western part, from Paul's Valley to Wichita Mountains. July. 
No. 156. 

Croton glandulosus L. Quanah's ranch. Common, especially westward. July. 
No. 217. 

Croton Lindheimerianus Scheelo. Gravelly roadsides near Gaines Creek. Com- 
mon east. August. No. 301. 

Croton monauthogynuB Mx. Fort Sill. Abundant throughout, alon;; roadsides 
and waste places. August. No. 271. 

Croton Tezensis Muell. Fort Sill. Common, especially westward, with the last. 
August. No. 272. 

Arg;ith£unnia mercufialina Muell. Caddo. Rocky hills. June. Xo. 51. 

Acalypha Caroliniana Ell. Quanali's ranch. Saudy Creek banks. Conmiou, es- 
pecially westward. July. No. 2Hi. 

Tragla stylarls Muell. Stonewall. Gravelly limestone hills. Not seen el*^ where. 
July. No. 139. 

Tragia urticaBfolia Mx. Prairies near Fort Sill. July. No. 160. 

Stillingia sylvatica L. Colbert. Low prairies. Abundant eastward. Irfrt^jnent 
west of Chickasaw Nation. June. No. 27. 

URTICACBJB. 

Celtis MiBBissippiensiB Bosc. McAlester. On low ground along stream j. June. 
No8. 78, 79. 

Mr. Sheldon sent in the two numbers under the same date and from the same 
locality, with the note thjit No. 78 has leaves larger and lighter colored ami the 
fruit nearly twice i\ie size of 79. Hotli fruits are not yet mature. And it is pos- 
sible to account for the ditlcrence in size of leaves and fruit ou the <f round of 
difference of subsoil on which tbe trees stand, etc. At any rate our present 
state of knowledge of the two forms does not seem to warrant us in making 
anythiug more of these twonuml»crs than simply Celtis AIi88h8ij)2)ien8i$. 

CUPULIFBRiE. 

QuercuB aquatica Walter. Sans Bois Mountains. Along streams. Ootamon 

throughout. August. No. 306. 
QuercuB coccinea Wang. Shawnee Hills. Abundant along streams tl»rou(chout 

the eastern Territory. August. No. 287. 
QuercuB macrccarpa Mx. Gaines Creek, Sans Bois Mountains. August-. No. 302. 
QuercuB nigra L. Suns Bois Mountains. Common throughout in rocky and gravelly 

regions. August. No. 305. 
QuercuB Btellata Wang. Stringtown. Shawnee Hills, and Sans Bois Mi>uur>ivins. 

Abundant on rocky hills. June t«> August. Nos. 69, 28**, 303. 

ORCHIDE^. 

SpirantbeB cemua Richard. Atoka. Generally in sandy soil in low i^ound. 
Growing l-H ^cet high. June. No, 62. 



' See note on i>a;;(s 214 and 215. 



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199 

ZINGIBERACEJB. 

Thalia dealbata Roscoe. Sans Bois Mountains. July. No. 90. 

Tliis plant has only the inflorescence "dusted over with powder." Further, 
Mr. Sheldon reports this as 7-10 feet high, when, according to Chapman, p. 
465, it is usually only 3-5 feet high. There are two other specimens of thia 
species in the National Herbarium, Dr. Bigelow's Rio Grande plant, collected 
in 1853 near the Choctaw Agency, and Elihu Hall's Texan plant No. 629. Hall's 
plant, however, differs from Bigelow's and Sheldon's in that it has a ring or 
beard of hairs on the rachis at the base of each flower, while the others are 
glabrous at that point. Some close field work is necessary to reconcile and 
explain these discrepancies. 

AMARTLLIDEiB. 

Cooperia Dnimmondii Herb. Quanah Mountain. In wet, sandy soil among rockr. 

July. No. 186. 
Agave Virginica L. In rich, sandy woods, near Stringtown. June. No. 75. 

PONTEDERIACBiB. 

Heteranthera limosa ^Yahl. In shallow water and pond borders near Fort Sill. 
August. No. 257. 

COMMELINACEiB. 

Commelina Virginica L. Along the banks of Cash and Medicine Creeks, Fort Sill. 
July. Nos. 159, 184. 

JUNCACEiB. 

JuncuB acominatus Mx. McAlester. Borders of shallow streams. June. No. 83. 
Juncus Engelmanni Buchenau. Atoka. Low, wet ground. June. No. 66. 
Juncus marginatus Rostk. Colbert. Common on low prairies. June. Nos. 36, 37. 
Juncus tenuis Willd. Colbert. With the last. June. No. 35. 

CYPBRACE-51. 

Cyperus acuminatus Torr. Colbert. In wet situations. Abundant east. Juno. 

No. 32. 
Cyperus aristatus Rottb. Quanah Mountain. In wet sand in the shade of rocks, 

July. No. 199. 
Cyperus filiculmis Vahl. Common on prairies along Ciish Crock. July. No. 163. 
Cyperus Hallii Brit. Along crock banks west of Stonewall. July. No. 1 15. 
Cyperus ovularis Torr. Colbert. Everywhere. In dry soil. June. No. 116. 
Cyperus Schweinitzii Torr. Colbert. Common in dry, sandy soil. June. No. 34. 
Eleocharis ovata R. Br. Pond borders near Fort Sill. August. No. 256. 
Fimbristylis capillaris Gray. On a rocky hill near Quanali's ranch. July. No. 242. 
Fuirena squarrosa Mx., var. hispida Chapra. Low ground near Atoka. June. 

No. 63. 
Rhynchospora cymosa Nutt. Banks of Sana Bois Creek. July. No. 94. 
Rhynchospora macrostachya Torr. M<-Alester. Frequent throughout, along 

muddy banks of streams. June. No. 82. 

6654— ]S"o. 6 2 



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200 

Scleria pauciflora Muhl., var. Elliottii Wood. Colbert. Low ground on prairies. 

Not common. June. No. 16. 
Carez lupulina Muhl. Banks of Sans Bois Creek. July. No. 95. 
Carex lurida Wahl. With the last. July. No. 96. 

ORAMINEiB. 

Tripsacum dactyloides L. Prairies along Cash Creek near Fort Sill. July. 

No. 162. 
Androi>ogon provlncialls Lam. Eocky woods near Hartshorn. Common every- 
where. September. No. 347. 
Andropogon saccharoidea Swartz. Chickasaw Nation, and near Fort Sill along 

banks of Cash Creek. Common throughout. July. Nos. 130, 179. 
Andropogon scoparius Mx. Kocky woods in Sans Bois Mountains. Not collected 

elsewhere. August. No. 331. 
Faspalum Florldanum Mx. Rich soil along streams in Sans Bois Mountains* 

August. No. 276. 
Faspalum laeve Mx., var. angustifolium Yasey. Shawnee Hills. Low ground 

along creeks. August. No. 284. 
Fanicum agrostoides Muhl. Low ground along Gaines Creek and wet borders of 

small lake near McAlester. Common east. August. Nos. 279, 290. 
Fanicum anceps Mx. Low ground on Gaines Creek. Common east. August. 

No. 278. 
Fanicum capillars L. Quanah Mountain. Common m rocky hills in rich loamy 

soil. July. No. 188. 
Fanicum filiforms L. Sans Bois Mountains. Clay and gravelly soil. August. 

Nos. 327, 334. 
Fanicum hians Ell. McAlester to Stonewall. Frequent. July. No. 127. 
Fanicum sanguinale L. Gravelly soil in Shawnee Hills. Common east. August. 

No. 285. 
Fanicum virgatum L. Fort Sill and Shawnee Hills. Common throughout, along 

streams and on rocky open slopes. August. Nos. 274, 283. 
Fanicum viscidum Ell. Atoka. Low ground. Infrequent. June. No. 65, 
Cenchrus tribuloides L. Colbert. Throughout, on sandy prairies. Known 

as '*8and burs" or "grass burs." Juno. No. 33. 
Aristida dichotoma L. Gravelly woods in Sans Bois Mountains. The only locality 

noted. August. No. 335. 
Aristida oligantha Mx. Quanah's ranch. Gravelly open woods near creek banks. 

July. Nos. 202, 223, 266. 
Aristida purpurea Nutt., var. Fendleri Vasey. Gravelly limestone hill west of 

Stonewall. July. No. 136. 
Ajristida purpurea Nutt., var. Hookeri frin. Fort Sill. This is the characteristic 

grass in prairie-dog towns. July. No. 182. 
Muhlenbergia glomerata Trin. Kocky hills near Quanah's ranch. Common in 

Wichita Mountains. July. No. 238. 
Muhlenbergia glomerata Trin., var. ramosa Vasey. The commonest grass, on 

rocky slopes. August. No. 251. 
Ciuua arundinacea L. Common on low ground in Sans Bois Mountains. August. 

No. 291. 
Buchloe dactyloides Engelm. Cash Creek and Fort Sill. Usually found iu 

prairie-dog towns. July. Nos. 164, 180. 
Boutelc«ia hirsuta Lag. Dry prairies near Fort Sill. Much more frequent than 

BufValo grass, and with a similar range. July. No. 181. 
Bouteloua racemosa Lj^. In gravelly soil near Stonewall. July. No. 129. 
Triodia cuprea Jacq. Creek banks, near Fort Sill. Infrequent there, but common 

eastward. August. No. 270. 



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201 

Triodla cuprea Jacq., var. intermedia Vasey, n. var. ined. Along the banks of 

streams near Fort Sill. August. No. 273. 
Triodia Texana Watson. Hartshorn. Open pine woods. September. No. 340. 
Zhragrostis capillaris Link. Qnauah's ranch and Sans Bois Mountains. Sandy soil 

in low ground along streams. Jul/, August. Nos. 207, 281. 
ZhragrostiB ozylepis Torr. Hartshorn. Open pine woods. September. No. 340. 
EragroBtis peotinacea Gray. Hartshorn. Rocky woods. September. No. 336. 
Eragrostis Purshil Schrad. Quanah's ranch. Common. July. No. 206. 
Diarrhena Americana Beauv. Sans Bois Mountains and McAlester. July, 

August. Nos. 119, 286. 
XJniola gracilis Mx. Sans Bois Mountains. Low rich ground along streams, 

August. No. 277. 
XJniola latdfolia Mx. McAlester. Creek banks. Common throughout. June. 

No. 84. 
Festuca tenella Willd. Quanah Mountain. In rocky soil. July. No. 190. 
Agropyrum repens L. Stonewall to PauVs Valley. Open woods. Infrequent. 

July. No. 142. 
Agropyrum tenerum Vasey. Anadarko. Low prairies along Washita River. 

Abundant. July. No. 165. 
Iilymas Virginicus L. Open woods between Stonewall and Paul's Valley ; also on 

summit of Mount Scott and near Fort Sill. July, August. Nos. 143, 252. 

CONIFBRiB. 

Jonipems Virginiana L. Rocky hills near Stonewall. Especially common in 
Wichita Mountains. July. No. 265. 

EQUISETACEiB. 

Equisetum robustum Braun. Between McAlester and Stonewall. Around a spring, 
on a muddy, boggy creek. July. No. 140. 

FILICES. 

Cheilanthes tomentosa Link. Quanah Mountain. Common in shade of rocks. 

Jub'. No. 194. 
Cheilanthes tomentosa Link, var. Eatoni Dav. Quanah^s ranch. Rocky places. 

July. Nos. 193, 234. 
Cheilanthes vestita Swartz. Wichita Mountains. Infrequent. July. No. 211. 
Pellsea atropurpurea Link. Ravines near the summit of Quanah Mountain. 

July. No. 195. 
Pellaea temifolia Link. Quanah Mountain. Wet sand, in shade of rocks. July. 

No. 192. 
Asplenium Trlchomanes L. Rocky hills near Quanah's ranch. Frequent. July. 

No. 239. 
Aspidium marginale Swartz. In crevices of rocks on Quanah Mountain. July. 

Nos. 196, 241. 

SELAGINELLACBiB. 

Belaginella rupestris Spring. Quanah Mountain. In wet sand. Frequent. July. 
No. 233. 



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202 

II.— M. A. CARI^KTON'S COLLECTION, 

Mr. Carleton started in at Vinita. From there be went westward 
through the Creek and Seminole nations, Oklahoma, the Cheyenne 
country, the southern tiers of counties in Kansas (April to July). Then 
he went through the Cimarron Valley, Neutral Strip, into the north- 
western counties of Texas, returning through the Indian Territory into 
Kansas (August, September). 

RANUNCITLACEiB. 

AnemoneUa thalictrofdes Spaoh. Vinita. Wooded hills. April. No. 40. 
Ranunoulus abortlvas L., var. micranthus Gray. Muscogee. Woods. ApriL 

No. 75. 
Ranunculus fasoicularls Muhl. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 9. 
Ranunculus septentrionalis Poir. Vinita. Woods. April. No. 29. 

BffENISPERMACEiB. 

CocculuB CarolinuB D. C. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 474. 

FUMARIACEiB. 

Corydalis aurea Willd. Vinita. Stony hills. April. No. 35. 
Corydalls micrantha Gray. Muscogee. Stony Point. April. No. 49. 

CRUCIFERiEL 

Nasturtium sphsBrooarpam Gray. Ford County, Kans. Shore of a lake. July. 

No. 325. 
Streptanthus hyacinthoides Hook. North Canadian Eiver, Cherokee Outlet. 

June. No. 203. 
Contr. Nat. Herb. ii. 19, reads: "One pair of the longer filaments connate." 

It should read : " The four longer filaments connate in pairs." 
Cardamiue hirsuta L., var. sylvatica Gaud. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 11. 
Selenia aurea Nutt. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 8. 
Lesquerella gracilis Watson. Cimarron Valley, Cherokee Outlet. Gypsum hills. 

June. No. 214. 
Draba cuneifolia Nutt. Vinita. Woods. April. No. 39. 
Erysimum asperum DC. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 319. 
Biscutella 'Wislizeni Benth. and Hook. Moore County, Tex.; also, Comanche 

County, Kans. August. Nos. 419, 231. 

CAPPARIDEiB. 

Cleome integrifoUa Torr. and Gray. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 334. 
Polanisia trachysperma Torr. and Gray. Cimarron Valley. June. No. 232. 

CISTINEiB. 

Lechea tenuifolia Mx. Stafford County, Kans. In road wastes. July. No. 299. 

VIOLARIEiB. 

Viola palmata L. Vinita. April. No. 25. 

Viola pedata L. Vinita. April. No. 37. 

Viola pubescens Ait., var. scabriuscula Torr. and Gray. Vinita. April. No. 2. 

lonidium polygalasfolium Vent. Cheyenne country. June. No. 193. 



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203 

POLTGALEiB. 

Polygala verticillata L. Reno County, KanR. Alkali spots. Jnly. Xo. 286. 
Krameria secundifiora DC. Oklahoma; also Morton County, Kans. Jaly. No. 
173. 

CARTOPEnTLLEiB. 

Silene antirrhina L. Guthrie. Okla. May. No. 145. 

Cerastiuin nutans Raf. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 10. 

This plant is doubtfully referred here as a small form of this species. Its 
reflexed pedicels are longer than the sepals, as are the petals. It is the same as 
Jermy*8 No. 134 from Qillespie County, Tex., and Dr. Palmer's No. 30, collected in 
the Indian Territory in 1868. This form, so far as the three collections show, grows 
only 3 to 5 inches high. The younger plants are simple, erect, with 3 to 5 pairs 
of leaves below the branching inflorescence, while the older plants branch at 
the base. 

Stellarla Nuttallii Torr. and Gray. Okmulgee. Woods. April. No. 96. 

Arenazia Pitcheri Nntt. Muscogee. April. No. 69. 

Saglna decombens Torr. and Gray. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 12. 

PORTULACEiB. 

Portolaca piloaa L. Dallas County, Tex ; August. No. 399. 

Talinum calycinum Engelm.* Cheyenne country. June. No. 185. 

Talinum parviflorum Nutt. Hartley County, Tex. In sand. August. No. 403. 

Claytonia Virginica L. Vinita. April. No. 1. 

MALVACEiB. 

Callirrhoe involncrata Gray. Neutral Strip; North Canadian River. August. 

No. 338. 
Callirrhoe pedata Gray. Cimarron Valley. June. No. 226. 
Malvastnun angustum Gray. Reno County, Kans. July. No. 288. 
Malvastnun coooineum Gray. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 238. 
Hibiscus lasiocarpos Cav. Hemphill and Moore counties, Tex. August. Nos. 

426,436. 

LINEJB. 

LinumBerlandieri Hook. Oklahoma City. May. No. 128. 

Tj<nwm perenne L., v^ar. Lewlsii Eaton and Wright. Cheyenne country. June. 

No. 192. 
Linum sulcatum Riddell. Black Bear Creek, Cherokee Outlet. September. No. 

481. 

ZTOOPHTLLEiB. 

Tribulus maxlmus L. Upper Cimarron. Becoming a noxious weed in cultivated 
ground. July. No. 362. 

> This species and 2*. Ureti/olium look very macb alike. When in flower they can be separated by 
the number of stamens, T. ealyeinum having 30, T. Ureti/oUutn 20. In fVuit the sopasation is more 
difficult. The only tangible diatiuction that I ooold make out in in the duration of the sepals, which 
fall with the corolla in T. teretifolium, but are somewhat persistent after the corolla falls in T, caly- 
einum. The sepals are also produced below the poiut of insertion in T. ealyeinum and not pro- 
duced in T. Uret^olium. Coherently stated, the matter stands thus: 

1. Talinum calfcinam has 30 or more stamens, has sepals persistent after the corolla falls, and has 
them produced below the point of insertion. 

2. Talinum tercifolinm haa 20 stamens; its sepals fall with the corolla and are not produced b^low 
the point of insertion. 



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204 

RUTACEiB. 

Zanthozylom Americanuxn Mill. Yinita. Woods. April. No. 16. 
. Ptelea trifoliata L., var. mollis Torr. and Gray. Cheyenne country. June. No. 
196. 

ILICINEiEL 

Hex decidua Walt. Muscogee. Arkansas River. April. No. 71. 

AMPELIDACEiB. 
VitiB Arizonica Engelm. Cimarron Valley. June. No. 234. 

SAPINDACEiB. 
Sapindus marginatus Willd. Barber County, Kans. June. No. 257. 

STAPHTLEACEiB. 

Staphylaea trlfolia L. Vinita. April. No. 31. 

ANACARDIACEiB. 

Rhus Toxicodendron L. Guthrie. Woods. May. No. 140. 

LEt^UMINOSiB. 

Trifolium Carolinianum Mx. Okmulgee. Woods. April. No. 88. 

Trifolinum reflezum L. Southern Seminole Nation. May. No. 114. 

Psoralea campestris Nutt. Kingfisher, Okla. June. No. 184. 

Psoralea cuspidata Pursh. Oklahoma; also Reno County, Kaus. July. No. 178. 

Psoralea esculenta Pursh. Sacred Heart Mission. May. No. 112. 

Psoralea lanceolata Pursh. Guthrie, Cimarron Valley and Cherokee Outlet. 

May, June. No. 151. 
Dalea alopecuroides Willd. Comanche County, Kans. September. No. 515. 
Dalea lanata Spreng. Cimarron Valley, Neutral Strip. July. No. 356. 
Dalea nana Torr. Seward and Stevens counties, Kans. In sand. July. No. 333. 
Petalostemon gracilis Nutt. Cimarron Cafiou, Neutral Strip, August. No. 369. 
Petalostemon violaceus Mx. Stafford and Morton counties, Kans. July. No. 307. 
Petalostemon violaceus Mx., var. tenuis Coulter. With the preceding. 
Petalostemon viUosus Nutt. Reno County, Kans. Shady districts. July. No. 291. 
Indigofera leptosepala Nutt. Guthrie; Cimarron Valley; Cherokee Outlet. May, 

June. No. 152. 
Tephrosia Virginiana Pers. Oklahoma. June. No. 172. 
Astragalus caryocarpus Ker. Cheyenne country. June. No. 202. 
Astragalus distortus Torr. and Gray. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 30. 
Astragalus leptocarpus Torr. and Gray. We-wo-ka, Seminole Nation. May. No. 

101a. 
Astragalus lotiflorus Hook. Guthrie. Sand hills. May. No. 139. 
Astragalus lotiflorus Hook., var. brachypus Gray. Cimarron Valley ; also Pawnee 

and Ford counties, Kans. June, July. Nos. 227, 314. 
Astragalus Mexicanus DC. Vinita. April. No. 38. 

Astragalus microlobus Gray. Cimarron Valley ; Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 218. 
Astragalus mollissimus Torr. Cheyenne country. June. No. 190. 
Astragalus Nuttalianus DC. We-wo-ka, Seminole Nation. May. No. 101. Fruit 

at Guthrie. 
Astragalus procumbens Watson. Guthrie and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. May, 

Nos. 125, 140. 
Astragalus racemosus Pursh. Cimarron Valley ; Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 22L 



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205 

Ozytropis Lambertl Pnrsh. Southern Seminole Nation; also Cimarron Valley. 

May, June. Nos. 116, 217. 
DeBxnodium Canadense DC. Hemphill County, Tex. August. No. 432. 
Desmodium Blinoense Gray. Harper County, Kan8. August. No. 269. 
Desmodium paniculattun DC. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 468. 
DeBxnodium sessilifoliain Torr. and Gray. Cantonment, Okla. Black jack forest. 

August. No. 456. 
Lespedeza capitata Mx. North Canadian River, Cherokee Outlet. August. No. 444. 
Lespedeza procumbens Mx. Cimarron River; Logan County, Okla. August. 

No. 475. 
Lespedeza reticulata Pors. North Canadian River, Cherokee Outlet. August. 

No. 445. 
Vicia Americana Mil hi. Guthrie. Cimarron Valley. May, June. No. 153. 
Vloia exlgua Nutt. We-wo-ka, Seminole Nation. May. No. 102. 
Vlcla Reverchonl Watson. We-wo-ka, Seminole Nation. May. No. 99. 
Iiathyma ornatus Nutt. Guthrie, Okla. May. No. 106. 

Lathynis pusillus £11. Muscogee and We-wo-ka. Seminole Nation. April. No. 61. 
Amphlcarpaea monoica Nutt. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 484. 
Fhaseolus diveraifolias Pers. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 466. 
Phaaeolos helvolus L. Reno and Stafford counties, Kaus. July. No. 297. 
Phaseolus pauciflorus Benth. North Canadian River, Cherokee Outlet. August. 

Nos. 447, 448. 
Sophora sericea Nutt. Oklahoma City, Okla. May. No. 124. 
Hoffinansegg;la Jamesii Torr. and Gray. Cimarron Valley, Cherokee Outlet; also 

Dodge City, Kans. July. No. 229. 
HofEmanseggia stricta Benth. Cimarron caQon, Neutral Strip. August. No. 386. 
Cassia Marilandica L. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 473. 
Prosopisjuliflora DC. Canadian caflons, Oldham County, Tex. August. No. 412. 
Desmanthus Jamesii Torr. and Gray. Upper Cimarron cafions ; also Dallas, Tex. 

July. No. 359. 
Mimosa borealis Gray. Cimarron valley, Neutral Strip. On bluft's of red sand- 
stone. July. No. 359. 
Acacia fiUcina Willd. Kingfisher County, Okla. August. No. 458. 

ROSACEiE. 

Pninus Americana Marsh. Vinita. Woods April. No. 6. 

Pninus gracilis Engelm. and Gray. North Canadian River, Cherokee Outlet. 

April. Fruit in June. Nos. 13, 205. 
Prunus serotina Ehrh. Vinita. Woods. April. No. 5. 
Rabus Canadensis L. We-wo-ka, Seminole Nation. May. No. 105. 
RubuB trivialis Mx. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 18. 
Q^om vemum Torr. and Gray. Vinita. Woods. April. No. 17. 
Fragaria vesca L. Vinita. Woods, April. No. 34. 
Fotentilla Canadensis L. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 36. 
Agrimonia parviflora Ait. Hemphill County, Tex. August. No. 431. 
Poteriom annnum Nutt. Oklahoma. July. No. 175. 
Rosa Arkansana Porter. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 254. 
Crataegus arborescens £11. Muscogee, Arkansas River. April. No. 73. 
Crataegus coccinea L., var. mollis Torr. and Gray. Vinita. Woods. April. No. 14. 

HALORAOEiB. 

Callitriche heterophylla Pursh. Vinita. April. No. 27. 

LYTHRARIBiB. 

Ammannia coccinea Rottb. Salt plain of the Salt Fork, Cherokee Outlet, 8. E. 
Kiowa, Kansas. September. No. 586. 



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206 

ONAORARIEiB. 

JusBiaea repens L. Sumner County, Kans., on Territory line. Aquatic. Septem- 
ber. No. 500. 
Oaura biennis L. Cherokee Outlet, near Arkansas City. September. No. 480. 
Oaura ooccinea Nutt. Seward and Stevens counties, Kans. July. No. 334. 
Oaura Neallejri Coulter. Oklahoma City, Okla. May. No. 129. 
Oaura sinuata Nutt. Guthrie and Oklahoma City, Okla. May. Nos. 122, 142. 
Oaura villosa Torr. Guthrie, Cimarron Valley. May. No. 155. 
CEnothera albicaulis Nutt. Neutral Strip and Beaver County, Okla. July. No. 

354. 
CEnothera biennis L. Stafford Couuty, Kans.; Cimarron canons; Neutral Strip. 

July. No. 309. 
CEnothera canescens Torr. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 326. 
CEnothera Hartweg;i Benth. Clark County, Kans.; Cherokee Outlet Cheyenne 

country. June, July. Nos. 200, 204. 
Qlnothera linifolia Nutt. Muscogee. April. No. 53. 
OElnothera Missouriensis Sims. Pottawatomie and Cheyenne counties; also 

Sumner County, Kans. May, June. Nos. 117, 272. 
OElnothera pinnatifida Nutt. Stevens County. Kans. July. No. 344. 
OElnothera serrulata Nutt. Morton County, Kans. July. No. 350. 
OElnothera sinuata L. Oklahoma City, Okla. May. No. 127. 
CEnothera sinuata L. var. grandiflora Watson. Edwards County, Kans. July. 

No. 308. 
OElnothera sinuata L., var. minima Nutt. Okmulgee. Woods. April. No. 95. 
OElnothera Spachiana Torr. and Gray. Sacred Heart Mission. Country of the Pot- 

tawatomies. May. No. 111. 
CEnothera specioaa Nutt. Muscogee; Arkansas River. April. No. 74. 
CEnothera triloba Nutt. Reno County^ Kans. July. No. 289. 

LOASEiB. 

Mentzelia multiflora Gray, Cimarron caflons, Neutral Strip. August. No. 378. 
Mentzelia nuda Torr. and Gray. Gray County, Kans. July. No. 328. 
Mentzelia oligosperma Nutt. Cimarron cafkons, Neutral Strip. June. No. 216. 

CUClTRBITACEiB. 
Cyclanthera dissecta Am. Cimarron canons, Neutral Strip, August. No. 375. 

CACTEiB. 

MamiUaria dasyacantha Engelm. Kingman County, Kans. September. No. 551. 

Mamillaria vivipara Haworth. Meade County, Kans. September. No. 530. 

This is the form called var. radiosa Engelm., and M. radiosa, var. Xeo-y^exicana 
Engelm. Nos. 120, 233, from near Oklahoma City and Cherokee Outlet, respec- 
tively, are other forms of the same species. 

Opuntia arborescens Engelm. Neutral Strip. Rocky mesas. July. No. 358. 

Opuntia leptocaulis D C. Oldham County, Tex. August. No. 410. 

Opuntia Missouriensis DC. Gray County, Kans. July. No. 329. 

Probably this species. There was not enough material to determine it with 
certainty. 

FICOIDEiE. 

Sesuvium Portulacastrum L. Cherokee Outlet. Great Salt Plains. July. No. 230. 



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207 

XJMBELLIFERiB. 

Eryngium diffusum Torr. Cheyenne and Arapahoe countries; Salt Fork, Cher- 
okee Outlet. Comparatively rare. August. No. 454. 

Bemla angustlfolia Koch. Reno County, Kans. July. No. 294. 

Chserophyllom procumbens Crantz. Big Cabin Creek and Muscogee. April. 
Nos. 4, 68. 

Polytsenia Nuttallii DC. Muscogee. April. No. 56. 

CORNACEiB. 
Comas florida L. Okmulkee. Woods. April. No. 93. 

CAPRIFOLIACEiB. 
Vibamum pnmifoliam L. Vinita and Muscogee. Woods. April. No. 44. 

RUBIACEiB. 

Houstonia patens £11. Vinita. April. No. 3. 

Galium virgatum Nutt. Oklahoma City, Okla. May. No. 133. 

VALERIANACEiB. 

ValerianeUa Nuttallii Walp. Vinita. April. No. 23. 

No. 51 wa« another Valeinanella not suflSciently developed for specific deter- 
mination. 

COMPOSIT-B. 

Vemonia Jamesii Torr. and Gray. Cimarron Valley, Neutral Strip. July. No. 355. 

Elephantopus Carolinianus Willd. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 462. 

Eupatorium ooelestinum L. liOgan County, Okla. August. No. 465. 

Eupatorium hyssopifolium L. Kansas City, Kans. September. No. 493. 

Eupatprium serotinum Mx. Logan County, Okla., and Ponca Agency. August. 
No. 463. 

Ijiatrla punctata Hook. Morton County, Kans. ; Cherokee Outlet. July, August. 
Nos. 353, 437. 

I«iatrlB squarrosa Willd. Keno and Morton counties, Kans. July. No. 290. 

Outierrezla Euthamiae Torr. and Gray. Morton County, Kans. July. No. 346. 

AmphiachyrlB dracunculoides Nutt. North Canadian River, Cherokee Outlet. 
August. No. 451. 

Grindelia squarrosa Dunal. Meade County, Kans. September. No. 538. 

Grindella squarrosa Dunal, var. graudiflora Gray. North Canadian River, Chero- 
kee Outlet. August. No. 449. 

Heterotheca Lamarckii Cass. Hemphill County, Tex., and Cherokee Outlet. 
August. No. 438. 

Chrysopsis pilosa Nutt. Cimarron Valley, Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 215. 

Chrysopsls villosa Nutt., var. canescens Gray. Logan County, Okla. August. 
No. 469. 

Aplopappus divaricatus Gray. Reno County, Kans. ; Texas line of Cherokee Out- 
let. July. No. 292. 

Aplopappus rubiginosus Torr. and Gray. Hemphill County, Tex. ; Cherokee Out- 
let, near Salt Fork of Cimarron River. September. Nos. 435, 504. 

Aplopappus spinulosus DC. Oldham County, Tex. In sand. August. Nos. 
411, 416. 

Bigelovia 'y7rightii Gray. Oldham County, Tex. August. No. 408. 

Solidago leptocephala Ton*, and Gray. Canadian River, Hutchinson County, Tex. 
August. No. 427. 



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208 

Solidago MissouriensiB Nutt. Small form. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 313. 

Solidago Missouriensis Nutt., var. fasciculata, Holzingcr, u. \ar. One to 2 feet 
liigli; leaves narrower than in the species, becoming linear upward; in axiU 
of upper leaven, shortened branches in the form of fascicles of linear leaver 
Hemphill County, Texas, and Cherokee Outlet, near Arkansas City [No. 430], 
to Missouri (Blankenship). Intergrades with the species occur as far east a* 
Illinois. 

Solidago nemoralls Ait. Cherokee Outlet, on Guthrie and Arkansas City trail. 
September. No. 478. 

Solidago radula Nutt. Clayton, N. Mex. ; Barber County, Kans. ; Cherokee Outlet. 
August and September. Nos. 393, 446. 

Solidago ulmifolia Miihl. On Walnut River, Arkansas City, Kans. September. 
No. 482. 

Aphanostephus ArkansanuB Gray. Guthrie. May. No. 165. 

Bellis integrifolia Mx. Muscogee. April. No. 70. 

Townsendia grandiflora Nutt. In sand. Hartley and Moon counties. Tex. Au- 
gust. No. 407. 

Chaetopappa asteroldes DC. Muscogee ; Stony Point. April. No. 57. 

Boltonia latisquama Gray. Sumner County, Kana., near line of Territory. Sep- 
tember. No. 499. 

Aster ericaefoliuB Roth. Comanche County, Kans.; Hartley County, Tex. June; 
August. Nos. 239, 406. 

Aster ezilis Ell. Wolf Creek, in Cherokee Outlet, near Texas line. August. No. 
440. 

Aster multiflorus Ait. Kiowa Couuty, Kans. September. No. 540. 

Aster oblongifolius Nutt., var. rigidulus Gray. Salt Creek in Cheyenne and Arap- 
ahoe counties; also in Barber and Ford counties, Kans. August and Septem- 
ber. Nos. 457, 509, 539. 

Aster patens Ait. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 476. 

Aster sagittifolius Willd. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 461. 

Aster tanacetifolius HBK. Englewood and Ford couutieS| Kans. July, Sep- 
tember. Nos. 323; 526. 

Erigeron divarlcatus Mx. Clark County, Kans. June. No. 242. 

Erigeron divergens Torr. and Gray. Cherokee Outlet; Arkalon, Kans. June, Sep- 
tember. Nos. 209, 535. 

Erigeron Philadelphicus L. Vinita and Muscogee. April. No. 46. 

Baccharls salicina Torr. and Gray. Oldham County, Tex. August. No. 414. 

Baccharis "Wrightii Gray. Clark County, Kans. June. No. 241. 

Evaz multioaulis DC. Cheyenne country. June. No. 189. 

Evaz prolifera Nutt. Oklahoma City, Okla. May. No. 132. 

Gnaphalium purpureum L. VVewoka, Seminole Nation. May. No. 42. 

Melampodium cinereum DC. Seward County, Kans. July. No. 331. 

Berlandiera lanata Benth. Morton County, Kans.; also Neutral Strip. Julv. 
No. 349. 

Berlandiera Tezana DC. Stevens and Morton counties, Kans. ; also Cherokee 
Outlet. July. Nos. 219, 341. 

Engelmannia pinnatifida Torr. and Gray. Guthrie and Western Oklahoma. May 
and June. No. 164. 

Iva xanthiifolia Nutt. Arkalon, Kans. September. No. 536. 

Fransexia discolor Nutt. Arkalon, Kans. In sand. September. No. 534. 

Franseria tenuifolia Gray. Clayton, N. Mex. August. No. 390. 

Franseria tomentosa Gray. Meade County, Kans. Bed of a small marsh. Sep- 
tember. No. 527. 

Zinnia grandiflora Nutt. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 255. 

Lepachys Tagetes Gray. Edwards, Seward, and Ford counties, Kans. July. No. 
810. 



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209 

Radbeckia amplexicaulis Vabl. Siuiiner County, Kans. June. No. 258. 

Rudbeckia hirta L. Oklahoma. July. No. 174. 

Helianthusoiliaris DC. Panhandle; Moore County, Tex. August. No. 404. 

Helianthus g;iganteu8 L. North Canadian River. August. No. 453. 

HeliantbuB mollis Lam. Pouca Agency in Cherokee Outlet. September. No. 
479. 

Helianthus orgyalis DC. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 490. 

Helianthus rigidus Dcsf. Kingfisher County, Okla. Angust. No. 460. 

Verbesina Virginica L. Cheyonno and Arapahoe counties. August. No. 452. 

Coreopsis cardaminefolia Torr. and Gray. Cheyenne country. June. No. 188. 

Thelesperma filifolium Gray. Guthrie, and Southern Seminole Nation. May. 
No. 115. 

Bidens cemua L. Pratt County, Kans. September. No. 541. 

Riddellia tagetina Nutt.^ Cheyenne country ; Oldham County, Tex. June, August. 
No. 201. 

Hymenopappus flavescens Gray. Seward and Stevens counties, Kans. In sand. 
July. No. 336. 

Bahia oppositifolia Nutt. Moore County, Tex. August. No. 418. 

PoljTpteris Texana Gray. Stevens and Morton counties, Kans. ; Cherokee Outlet. 
In sand. July. No. 340. 

Pericome caudata Gray. A quite scabrous form. Rabbit Ear Mountains, Clayton, 
N. Mex. August. No. 392. 

Flaveria angustifolia Pers. Ne^r Salt Fork of Cimarron, Cherokee Outlet. Sep- 
tember. No. 505. 

Pectis angustifolia Torr. Clayton, N. Mex. ; also Arkalon, Kans. August. No. 394. 

Helenium autuninale L. Hemphill County, Tox. August. No. 433. 

Oaillardia lanceolata Mx. Comanche County, Kans. ; also Cimarron Valley. June, 
Angust. No. 220. 

Oaillardia pinnatifida Torr. Neutral Strip; also Dallas County, Tex. August. 
No. 380. 

Oaillardia pulchella Foug. Canadian City, Tex. ; Comanche County, Kans. ; Chey- 
enne country; and Cherokee Outlet. June. Nos. 194, 220. 

Oaillardia simplex Schcele. Oklahoma City, Okla. May. No. 119. 

Actinella linearlfolia Torr. and Gray. Pottawatomie country. May. No. 118. 

Actinella odorata Gray. Oldham County, Tex. August. No. 413. 

Actinella soaposa Nutt. Morton County, Kans.; also Neutral Strip. July. No. 
a47. 

Artemisia caudata Mx. Meade County, Kans. Sandhills. September. No. 528. 

Artemisia filifolia Torr. Barber County, Kans. September. No. 508. 

Artemisia "Wrightii Gray. Meade County, Kans. September. No. 529. 

Senecio aureus L. Vinita. Prairies. April. No. 19. 

Benecio Douglasii DC. Cimarron Canon, Neutral Strip. August. Nos. 370, 381. 

Cnicus altissimus Willd. Kingfisher County, Okla. August. No. 459. 

Cnicus ochrocentrus Gray. Edwards County, Kans. July. No. 317. 

Cnicus undulatus Gray, var. megacephalus Gray. Reno County, Kans. July. 
No. 295. 

' The lino between the groups of Riddellia is not well drawn on the size of the rays, aa in Gray, 
Syn. Fl.ii. pt. I. pp. 317,318. This plant haa the short rays of i2. arachnoidea, but the glabrous 
achenes and entire paleee of the pappuM of R. tajetina, with which species it is therefore placed. 

On examination, the following numbers had to bo transferred to Riddellia tatjetina Nutt. : (1) No. 62S 
of Mexican Koundary Snrvcy; (2) a plant from New Mexico, sent in 1887 by W. B. Pease ; (3) New. 
berry's plant in McComb's expedition from the "Hills on the Chama;" (4) Letterraan's plants, sent 
in \H»'I, from Big Springs, Tex. 

Dr. Watson, to whom this matter had been referre<l for counsel, said, in a letter on the subj«-ct: 
"Dr. Gray evidently made too little allowance for variation in the rays of the first group in the genus. 
In fjirtn it is only in R. Coopen that the ray rciiches the dimensiijus given. In R. taijetina it is any- 
where from 2 to 3 lines in length." 



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210 

Krigla occidentalis Nutt. Guthrie. May. No. 150. 

Krigia occldentsdiB Nutt., var. mutica Torr. and Gray. Vinita. Prairies. ApriL 

No. 28. 
Krigia Vlrglnica Willd. Muscogee. April. No. 62. 
Trozimon cuspldatum Pursh. Vinitia. Prairies. April. No. 32. 
Fyrrhopappus soaposus DC. Creek Nation. May. No. 47. 
Lactaca acuminata Gray. Arkansas City, Kaus. September. No. 495. 
Iiygodesmla juncea Don. Cimarron Valley; Edwards County, Kans. June, Jay. 

Nos. 222, 311. 

LOBELIACEiB. 

Lobelia splendens Willd. Cimarron CaHou, Neutral Strip ; Moore County, Tex. 

August. No. 371. 
Lobelia syphilitioa L. Kingman County, Kans. September. No. 550. 

CAMPANULACE2]. 

Specularia leptooarpa Gray. Oklahoma. July. No. 176. 

Speoularia perfoUata A. DC* Guthrie, Cimarron Valley. May. No. 167. 

PRIMULACEiB. 

Samolus ebracteatus HBK. Cimarron Valley, Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 224. 
SamoluB Valerandi L., var. Amerioanus Gray. Moore County, Tex. August. 
No. 424. 

ASCLEPIADE2]. 

Aoerates viridiflora Ell. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 249. 

Asclepias arenaria Torr. Cimarron Valley, Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 235. 

Asclepias Jamesil Torr. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 321. 

Asolepias incamata L., var. longifolia Gray. Hemphill County, Tex. August, 
No. 434. 

Asclepias stenophylla Gray. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 248. 

Asolepias verticillataL., var. pumila Gray. Edwards County, Kans. July. No. 315. 

Asclepiodora decumbens Gray. Oklahoma. July. No. 179. 

Gonolobus cynanchoides Engelm. Guthrie; also Cimarron Valley, Cherokee Out- 
let. May. No. 154. 

> The other specimens of this form of S. per/oliata in the National Herbarium are : No. 679, of Mex- 
ican Boundary Survey; Dp. Palmer's No. 168, from Indian Territory; and a plant collected by C. 
Thomas in the Rocky Mountains, in 18G9. The Mexican Boundary plant was first named Dytmieodon 
ovatum Nutt., but was subsequently changed to Spectdaria bijlora Gray, with a question mark. The 
other two plants were both found with Specularia perfoliata. 

The capsules of this form are about 4 longer than in the common form ; the seeds, on the other hand, 
are I smaller, and more oval, the ratio of the two diameters being as 3 to 2. Speexdaria leptocarpa lias 
seeds of about this shape, but just double this length. The seeds of Specularia bi/lora the Qyn.Yl. 
ii, 11, describes as lenticular, but on examining some ripe seeds of Reverchon's Texan plant under this 
name, I find it to be oval, and of about the same size as in the plants under consideration. The char- 
acteristic difference between Speculatia per/oliata and biflora is in the leaves, which are broader and 
more amplexicaule la S. per/oliata, narrower and more distant on the stem in 8. biflora^ bat still am< 
plexicikule; the length of the capsule varies some in both, so does the position of the valves, certainly 
in per/oliata; the Syn. Fl. ii. 11, places these " at or below the middle," but both the figure in UBlv. 
nov. gen. et sp. iii. t. 265, and the National Hebariiim spec^imons show valves in this species above th« 
middle. The plants under consideration have the valves of the capsules above the middle, bat have 
\he\iiayes of S. per/oliata. On the other hand. Mr. F. V. Coville collected a plant in Pennsylvania 
which haa the more slender aspect, In leaves and stem, of S. bijiora. There is other material in the 
National H«Mbarium tending to show that Specularia per/oliata and bi/lora are only variations of ooa 
good spei'ioa, variable in width of leaf, Icngtli of capsule, and position of valvular openings on lh« 
same. 



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L. . w . Plate XVII. 

Contr, Nat. Herb., Vol. I. 



IPOMCEA CARLETONI Holzinger. n. sp. 



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211 

OENTIANEiB. 

Sabbatia campestris Natt. Cheyenne country. Juno. No. 187. 

XiUStoma Russellianum Griscb. Morton, Kans. ; Neutral Strip. July. No. ^45. 
The plants collected in Neutral Strip are white-flowered, but otherwise prac- 
tically like the species. They may, therefore, be known as ** forma alba " of this 
species. 

POLEMONIACE2]. 

Phlox piloBa L. Guthrie. May. No. 141. 

QiUsL longiflora Don. Hemphill and Lipscomb counties, Tex. Sand hills. August. 

No. 428. 
Oilla rigidala Benth., var. acerosa Gray. Dallas County, Tex. In sandy districts. 

Augast. No. 398. 

UYDROPH7LLACE2I. 

Phacelia parviflora Pursh. Stony Point; Muscogee. April. No. 50. 
Phaoelia striotiflora Gray. Stony Point. April. No. 52. 
Nama demissiim Gray. Cheyenne country. Gypsum hills. June. No. 199. 
ITama hispidum Gray. Oklahoma City, Okla. Stony wastes. May. No. 135. 

BORAOINE2]. 

Heliotropium convolvolaceam Gray. Stewart and Stevens counties, Kans. July. 

In sand. No. 338. 
Krynitzkia craasisepala Gray. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 212. 
Krynitzkia Jamesii Gray. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 246. 
Myosotis vema Nutt. Muscogee. April. No. 59. 
Iiithospermiim angustifoliiim Mx. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 2(^. 

CONVOLVULACB-B. 

IpomcBa ooooinea L. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 497. 

Ipomcoa commutata Roem. and Schult. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 
496. 

Ipomcoa leptophylla Torr. Lamed, Pawnee and Sumner counties, Kans.; Cher- 
okee Outlet. June. No. 228. 

Ipomcoa Carletoni Holzinger n. sp. A much branched glabrous vine, trailing on 
the ground ; leaves narrowly lanceolate, truncate to acute at base, mucronate at 
apex, about 2 inches long, exclusive of petiole (one-half to an inch long) : flowers 
2 to 2| inches long, generally solitary but occasionally two or three at the end 
of the common peduncle (1 to 1^ inches long) ; pedicels little shorter than 
peduncles: sepals one-half inch long, much imbricated, of unequal length, apex 
rounded or obtuse and generally mucronulate, glabrous outside, minutely scab- 
rous inside, the outer ones more decidedly so: stamens about | length of cor- 
olla; filaments densely hairy near their point of insertion on corolla: style 
about I length of corolla; stigma rather discoid-peltate than capitate. Mature 
fruit and root are desiderata to complete the characters. — Logan County, Okla., 
and Cimarron River, near Guthrie. August. No. 472. 

This is near /. longifoliaj but is more slender, and smaller in all its parts. It 
is not unlikely that it may turn out to bo a small variety of this species, but 
until fruit and root are observed it is decided not to place it so. 

Explanation of Plate XVII.— Upper part of a flowering plant; a, part of corolla laid open 
to show insertion of stamena ; all parts of natural size, except peduncles and pedicels, which 
•bow thicker in the figure than in the plants. 



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212 

Convolvulus incanus Vahl. Morton County, Kans. ; Clay 1 3n, N. Mex. July. No. 351 . 

EvolvuluB argenteuB Pursh. Oklahoma City. May. No. 131. 

Cuscuta cuspidata Engelm. On Ambrosia. Moore County, Tex. August. No. 421. 

SOLANACEiB. 

Solanum elaeagnifolium Car. Guthrie. May. No. 171. 

Solanum Torreyl Gray. Cherokee Outlet; also Sumner County, Kans. June. 

No. 162. 
Solanum triflorum Nntt. Neutral Strip; also Dallas County, Tex. August. No. 

382. 
Fhysalis hederaefolia Gray. Comanche and Clark counties, Kans. June. Nos. 

237, 518. 
Physalis lanceolata Mx. We-wo-ka; Guthrie; also Keuo Couuty, Kans. Juue 

and July. Nos. 108, 159, 298. 
Fhysalis lobata Torr. Cheyenne country. June. No. 198. 
Physalis mollis Nutt. Cimarron Valley. May. No. 169. 
Fhysalis Peruviana L. Guthrie. May. No. 161. 
Physalis viscosa L. Guthrie. May. No. 170. 
ChamaBssiracha sordida Gray. Cherokee Outlet; Seward County, Kans. In sand. 

July. No. 211. 

SCROPHULARINEiB. 

Linaria Canadensis Dumont. Muscogee ; Stony Point. April. No. 55. 

Pentstemon albidus Nutt. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 213. 

Fentstemon ambiguus Torr., var. Thurberi Gray. Hartley County, Tex. In sand. 

Pentstemon pubescens Sola ndcr. Okmulgee; Guthrie. April; May. Nos. 85, 147. 

CoUiusia violacea Nutt. Viuita. April. No. 33. 

Mimulus glabratus H HK., var. Jamesii Gray. Stafford County, Kans. Sand Hills. 

July. No. 306. 
Conobea multifida Hentli. Kinsman County, Kans. In sandy soil. September. 

No. 515. 
Herpestis rotimdifolia Pursh. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 266. 
Gratiola Virginiana L. Muscojree. April. No. 83. 
Veronica arvensis L. Muscogee; also Vinita. April. Nos. 22, 60. 
Buchnera Americana L. Cherokee Outlet. September. No. 477. 
Gerardia aspera Dougl. North Canadian River, Cherokee Outlet; Cheyenne and 

and Arapahoe countries. August. Iso. 450. 
Gerardia densiflora Beuth. Logau County, Okla. August. No. 470. 
Gerardia tenuifolia Valil, var. macrophylla Bentli. CIh lokee Outlet, near Texas 

line. August. No. 439. 
Castilleia purpurea Don. Cheyenne country. June. No. 195. 
Pedicularis Canadensis L. Muscogee. April. No. 72. 

OROBANCHACEiB. 

Aphyllon Ludoviciantmi Gray. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 247. 

ACANTHACEiE. 
Dicliptera braohiata Spreug. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 485. 

VERBENACEiB. 

Lippia cuneifolia Steud. Guthrie. May. No. 119. 

Verbena Aubletia L. Vinita. April. No. 7. 

Verbena bipinnatifida Nutt. Oklahoma. May. July. Nos. 134, 177. 

Verbena hastata L. CaQous of the Upper Cimarron. July. No. 360. 



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LABIATiE. 

Mentha CanadensiB L. Clayton, N. Mex. August. No. 389. 

LycopuB sinuatuB Ell. Moore County, Tex. August. No. 425. 

Salvia lanoeolata Willd. Sedgwick and Clark counties, Kans. July. Nos. 243, 

287. 
Salvia lyrata L. Okmulkee. Woods. April. No. 87. 
Monarda citriodora Cerv. Guthrie; Cheyenne country. May, June. N08.I66, 

191. 
Monarda punctata L. A form. Kingfisher. June. No. 183. 
Brunella vulgarlB L. Logan County, Okla. August. No. 46-1. 
IsanthuB caBnilemf Mx. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 492. 
Teaorlom laciniatum Torr. Cheyenne country. June. No. 186. 

FLANTAGINEiE. 

Plantago Patagonioa Jacq., var. aristata Gray. Kingfisher. June. No. 182. 

Plantago pusilla Nutt. Muscogee. April. No. 64. 

Plantago Virginica L. Vinita; Oklahoma City. April, May. Nos. 21, 130. 

NYCTAGINB-B. 

OzybaphuB angustifoliuB Sweet. Cimarron Valley ; Oldham County, Tex. ; Chero- 
kee Outlet; Caldwell, Kans. June, September. Nos. 223, 501. 

OzybaphuB hirsutUB Sweet. CaQons of the Upper Cimarron. July. No. 361. 

Ozybaphus nyctagineuB Sweet, var. oblongifolins Gray. Guthrie, Cimarron Vla- 
ley. May. No. 166. 

OzybaphuB nyctaginena Sweet, var. piloBUB Gray. Barber County, Kans. Gypsum 
hills. June. No. 256. 

Abronia fragrans Nutt. Morton County, Kans. ; Cimarron cations; Neutral Strip. 
August. No. 352. 

This plant is described as having white bracts; our plants, as well as a plant 
collected in 1879 by Mr. Ball in Wichita County, Tex., has red bracts. Whether 
this is a form or variety can not be ascertained from the material at hand. 

ILLECEBRACEiE!. 

Paronychia JameBii Torr. and Gray. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 250. 
This plant is the same as Nealley's plant of 1889 (referred to P. dichotoma) and 
as Austin's No. 50 (referred to P. sctacea). The four so-called species P. dichoto- 
ma, Jamesii, Lindheimeriy aud aetacea, seem hardly deserving of specific rank. 

Paronychia BOBBiliflora Nutt. Neutral Strip. August. No. 379. 

AMARANTACE2!. 

Cladothrlz lanuginosa Nutt. Seward County, Kans. Sandy soil. July. No. 332. 
FrcBlichia gracilis Moq. • Barber County, Kans. June. No. 259. 

» After on examination of tho m.aterial in tho National Hci barium of the five spocies belonging to 
the section Oplotheea of this genas, I am led to tbiuk that tbey sbonld be reductMl to two or three 
speeie-s. The section DUopha is not represented in the collection, making a fomprebcnKive examina. 
tlon of all the species of this genus impossible at this time. The crtsts of the ripened fruit appear 
to furnish the most satisfactory guide to the determination of these plants. The forms which have 
these crests spiny we may, for convenience, designate as the QrctcilU group, including F. ffracilit, 
Floridana and DrummondU^ with the last two reduced to varieties of gracilis. The forms which 
bar© the crcats in the form of entire or barely creuulate wings may be designated aa the AlatcBy in- 
eluding F. inUrrupta, tomentoia, and Dr. Watson's Mexican F. alata. 



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Frcellchia gracilis Moq., var. Floridana. Wichita, Kane. Jnne. No. 279. 
Ireaine celosioides L. Arkausas City, Kaus. September. No. 486. 

CHENOPODIACEiB. 

Cyololoma platyphyllum Moq. Comanche and Seward counties, Kans. Jane, Sep- 
tember. No8. 253, 533. 

Corlspermum hyssopifolium L. Salt plains of the Salt Fork in Cherokee Outlet, 
Boutheaet of Kiowa, Kans. ; Hartley County, Tex. August, September. Nos. 401, 
506. 

FOL7GONACE2I. 

Eriogonum alatnm Torr. Dallas County, Tex. In sand among rocks. August 

No. 397. 
Erlogontim aimuum Nutt. Reno County, Kans. Sandy districts. July. No. 293. 
Eriogonum Jamesii Benth. Cimarron cafions, Neutral Strip; also on Rabbit 

Mountains, New Mexico. August. No. 373. 
Eriogonum lachnogynum Torr. Morton County, Kans. July. No. 348. 
Eriogonum longifollum Nutt. Seward and Stevens counties, Kans. In sand. 

July. No. 337. 
Eriogonum tenellum Torr. Clayton, N. Mex., in Apache Cafion. August. No. 

395. 
Rumez Aoetosella L. Muscogee; Stony Point. April. No. 54. 

IiAURINE^I. 

Iiindera Benzoin Blume. Vinita. Woods. April. No. 24. 

These specimens have pistillate flowers barely developed, and yet the leaves 
are f inch long, which with the young shoots are pubescent. In this pubescence 
and the simultaneous appearance of flowers and leaves this western form seems 
distinct from the eastern. 

EUPHORBIACE2I. 

Euphorbia strictior Holzinger n . sp. An erect perennial herb, from a thick deep root : 
diffusely branched from the base, 15 to 25 inches high, glabrous except the inflo- 
rescence; branches simple to the inflorescence, straight and rigid, grooved: 
leaves alternate, 1 to 2^ inches long, 1 line or less wide, generally more than 
twice the length of the intemodes, becoming relatively shorter toward the in- 
florescence, sessile by a tapering base, the margin entire and revolute ; texture 
thick and leathery; no venation apparent except the midrib on the under 
side; branches of the hi- or trifurcate inflorescence subtended by opposite or 
whorled leaves toward the extremities reduced, and there surpassed by the in- 
volucre-bearing pedicels ; pedicels i^ inch long, erect; iuvolucral cup as broad 

The sabjoined diaposition of these forniB is suggested. 

Froclichia, § Oplotheca, 

I. Qraette$, Crest* spiny. 

a. Crests 2, the alternate ones reduced each to a basal tubercle. 

1. Branching diffusely from the base: F. gracilis Moq. 

2. Lu*ger, more erect, less branching: P. gracilis Moq., var. Floridana. 

aa. Crests 5, the alternate ones each of J to 3 sharp spines: F. gracilis Moq., var. Drmnmondii. 
II. AlaUx. Crestfl in the form of entire or barely crennlate wings: F. intermpta, tomentosa, alata. 

I Bsn not prepared to differentiate these last three species. With more material than is at present 
available they may be found reducible to two, or one, good species. Certainly they look pnzzlingly 
•like, so far aa the present material shows. 



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Plate XVIU. 

Contr. Nat. Herb.. Vol. 1 



Euphorbia strictior Hoizmger, n sp. 



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as hi«jjli, minutely puborulent: glands 4 or 5, yellowish, the potaloid appendage 
reduced to a narrow, minutely scalloped margin; the pedicels carrying the 
yellow anthers on short iilameuts raised above the cup ; ovary raised on an erect 
pedicel 1 line long, puberulent when young, becoming glabrate with age; the 
three shoi-t styles slightly bifid; fruit when mature spherical in outline, nearly 
2 lines in diameter, grooved between the carpels, crowned by the short persist- 
ent styles, tardily dehiscent; seed oval, 1^ lines long, grayish-green, obscurely 
pitted, pointed at small end, marked at large end with a circular depressed area. 
Oldham County, Tex. August. No. 409. 

Explanation of Plate XVIII.— Lower aud upper part of pUuit natural size. Figs, a, 
b, c, d, iuvolucrea, laid open, re«i»ectlvely of E. polyphylla, discoidalis, strict ior Wrightii, 
seen from the inside. Fig. e end view, Fig. / side view of seed of E. thicHor, 3. 

This dift'ers from the type of E. Wrightii in the National Herbarium in being 
less diffusely branched, with the branches more erect and more rigid; leaves 
shorter, those in the inflorescence markedly reduced, shorter than the subtended 
pedicels; petaloid appendages much narrower than the glands; fruit and seeds 
larger. E. fVriffhtii Ls described as having 4 glands ; one of the first involucres 
examined from the type specimen had 5. 

These two western species of Euphorbia are singularly paralleled by two 
closely related Florida species, E. discoidalia Chapman and E, polyphyUa Engelm. 
In £. discoidalis the leaves of the inflorescence surpass the ultimate pedicels ; in 
E. polyphyUa they are shorter than the pedicels aud bract-like. There is uo ap- 
preciable difterence in their seeds. 

Dr. Chapman, on a recent visit to the National Herbarium (May, 1892), stated 
that he considered his own E, discoidalis and Engelmann's E. polyphyUa one aud 
the same species; that he had had correspondence with Dr. Englemann on this 
point, but was not sure that he had convinced that gentleman. Subsequent 
study and comparison of these plants by the writer tend to establish the claim 
of E. polyphyUa to a distinct species. ITie only mention of it in the author's 
works is on page 535: ** Euphorbia polyphyUa Engelm. Patterson, Check List, 
p. 115 (name only)." Search for the description has proved fruitless. The only 
publication known is through Curtiss' plant No. 2498, * accompanied by a i>rinted 
label, **Eup1iorbia polyphyUa Eng., n. sp. Dry, sandy soil. Indian River, Flor- 
ida," found in the herbaria at Columbia College, New York City, at Cambridge, 
Mass., aud at the Department of Agriculture. I therefore give here a descTip- 
tion of this species : 

Euphorbia polyphyUa Engelm. in herb. An erect perennial, 6 to 12 inches 
high, with usually several branches or primary stems from the base, simple for 
5 to 10 inches; leaves alternate, crowded, numerous (somewhat as in Atclepias 
verticillata), linear, succulent; those of the inflorescence opposite and always 
shorter than the subtended pedicels; inflorescence hi- or trifurcate, its branches 
elongated at maturity, and spreading; color of glands of the involucre purplish ; 
ovary, fruit, and seed not appreciably different from those of E. di9coidali8. 

Thus, while these two Florida plants are certainly closely related, E, poly- 
phyUa differs in the short bracts of the inflorescence and the numerous, succu- 
lent leaves of the stem. The glands in both vary f»om "5" to 4.' 

> Theae apeciea may ba distinguished as in the subjoined arrangement: 

a. Glands yellowish 

1. Enphorbia Wrightii Torr. and Gray. Pac. R. R. Rep. ii. 1855, 174. 

Leavea of inflorescence longer than subtended pedicels. 

2. Em>horbia atrictior Holringer. l*etaloid appendage quite narrow. 

Leavea of indoreMcence shorter than sabtenaed pedicels. 

b. (Hands purplish. 

3. Eaphorbia diacoidalis Chapm. Fl. S. States. 1865, 401. 

Leavea of inflorescence longer than subtended pedicels. Stem leaves relatively broad. 

6654— No. 6 3 



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Baphorbia corollata L. Guthrie. Wooded hills. May. No. 138. 
Buphorbia dentata Mx. Neutral Strip ; Cimarron Canon. August. No. 372. 
Buphorbia dlotyosperma Fisch. and Mey. Muscogee; Sacred Heart Mission. 

April. No. 20. 
Buphorbia Pendlerl Torr. and Gray. Comanche County, Kans. Jane. No. 251. 
Buphorbia glyptospenna £ugelm. Cherokee Outlet; Stevens County, Kans. In 

sand. June and July. No. 263. 
Buphorbia heterophylla L. In woods. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 

483. 
This species is the same as E. ctfathophora Jacq. ; and E, barhelUifa Engelm. is 

probahly not even a good variety of E. heterophylla. In aspect and variability 

of leaves Engelmann's plant agrees exactly with E. heta'ophylla. The only 

character indicated in the specific name barbellata is found in varying degree in 

the Linua^an species and is not constant in all the leaves of any one plant. 

Plants with strong bunches of hairs at the base of the leaves may at most be 

designated by E. heterophylla L., var. barbellata, 
Buphorbia hezagona Nutt. Wolf Creek, Cherokee Outlet, near Texas boundary. 

August. No. 441. 
Buphorbia lata Engelm. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 263a. 
Buphorbia maculata L. Edwards County, Kans. July. No. 316. 
Buphorbia peplidion Engelm. Oklahoma City. Stony wastes. May. No. 126. 
Buphorbia zygophylloides Boiss. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 236. 
Reverchonia arenaria Gray. Oldham County, Tex. August. « No. 415. 
Jatropha stdmulosa Mx. Guthrie. Sand hills. May. No. 137. 
Croton capitatus Ms. Cherokee Outlet; near Caldwell, Kans. September. No. 502. 
Cioton monanthogynus Mx. Oklahoma proper. July. No. 180. 
Croton TezeDsis Muell. Barber County, Kans. June. No. 260. 
Acal3rpha Virginica L. Arkansas City, KauB. September. No. 489. 
Tragia nepetaefolia Cav. Guthrie. May. No. 143. 
Stillingia sylvatica L. Little Salt Marsh, Stafford County, Kans. July. No. 158. 

URTICACBiB. 

Urtica gracilis Ait. Clayton, N. Mex. August. No. 391. 

Pilea pumila Gray. Arkansas City, Kans. September. No. 488. 

CXTPT7LIFBRJQ. 
Betula lutea Mx. f. Okmulkee. Woods. April. No. 92. 

ORCHIDBiB. 

Spiranthes cemua Richards. Pratt County, Kans. September. No. 552. 

4. Eaphorbia polfphylla Engehn. Curtiss' Herbarium specimen, Xo. 2406,* 1879 ( f ), and name dtcd in 
Engelmann's Workn, p. 535, and in Patterson's Check List. 

Leaver of inflorescence always shorter than subtended pedicels. The erect, simple stems 
crowded with short, linear, succulent leaves. 

[Mr. Simpson sent in the following description of this plant as observed in the field: " Perexuiial ; 
stems several from the same root, or liranching from the ground ; ascending, slender, very le«fy, 
smooth, 6 to 10 inches high; leaves linear, fleshy, semiterete, smooth, entire, alternate, obtuse, 
sessile, 8 to 12 lines long, a line or less wide," corroborating the impression that the leaves are 
succulent.] 

These species of Euphorbia belong to the section AtUnopettUum Benth., and the sabsectioo 
TUhymalopsis Olotisch et Garke (as genus). See Engler u. Prantl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. iii teU, 5 
abt., 101. 



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217 

IRIDE2I. 

Nemastylis acuta Herb. Creok Nation. April. No. 97. 
Sisyrinohium baUum Watson. Muscogee. April. No. 67. 

AMARTLLIDItS. 

Hypojds erecta L. Muscogee. April. No. 48. 

LILIACB2]. 

Smilaz bona-nox L. Oklahoma City. May. No. 123. 
Alliam retionlatum Fras. Okmulkee. April. No. 86. 

PONTEDERIACIJiB. 
Heteranthera limosa Vahl. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 267. 

COMMELINACEiB. 

Commelina Virginica L. Guthrie. May. No. 163. 

JUNCACB^I. 

Junons marginatna Rostk. Stafford and Kingman couuties, Kans. July, Septem- 
ber. No8. 300, 544. 
Juncus nodoBua h., var. megacephalua Torr. Neutral Strip. August. No. 377. 
Iiozola campestria DC. Okmulkee. Woods. April. No. 94. 

ALISMACBiB. 

Sagittaxia calycina Engelm. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 286. 
Sagittaxia variabilis Engelm. Cherokee Outlet. June. No. 262. 

NAIADACB2I. 

Ruppia maritima L. Big Salt Marsh, Stafford Couuty, Kans. July. No. 301. 

CTPERACEiB. 

Cypenis ariatatas Rottb. Stafford Couuty, Kans. Salt marsh. July. No. 304. 
Cyperua diandrua Torr. Kingman County, Kans. Sandy soil. September. No. 

546. 
Cyperua filioulmia Vahl. Wichita, Kans. July. No. 282. 
Cyperua Hallii Britton. Sumner County, Kans. June. No. 270. 
Cyperua Houghtoni Torr. Barber County, Kans. June. No. 261. 
Cyperua apecioaua Vahl. Cherokee Outlet, near Texas boundary. August. No. 

443. 
Cyperua atrigoaua L., var. capitatua BcDckl. Kingman County, Kans. Sandy soil. 

September. No. 543. 
Bleocharia paluatria R. Br. Quthrie. May. No. 148. 
Soirpua atrovirena Mulil. Cimarron Cafton, Neutral Strip. August. No. 376. 

This plant has the spikelets fewer and a little larger than in the typical form; 

but in its scales, in the nhape and papillose surface of its akenea, and in the 

bristles it agrees with this species. 
Scirpua pungena Vahl. Stafford County, Kans. Salt marsh. July. No. 157. 
Hemicarpha aubaquarroaa Nees. Kinguian Couuty, Kans. September. No. 547. 
Carez Cherokeensis Schw. Sacred Heart Mission; also Cimarron Cafiou, Neutral 

Strip. Ai*gu8t. No. 113. 
Carex Daviaii Schw. and Torr. Wewoka. May. No. 103. 
CarexfuBca All. Muscogee. April. No. 77. 



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218 

Carex granularis Muhl. Muscogee. April. No. 82. 

Carex grisea Wabl.^ var. globosa Bailey. Muscogee and Wewoka. April, May. 

Nos. 81, 104. 
Carex laxiflora Lam. Viuita. April. No. 15. 

Carex miorodonta Torr. Cimarron Caflon, Neutral Strip. August. No. 113a. 
Carex Muhlenbergii Schkuhr, var. australis Olaey. Muscogee. April. No. 79. 
Carex riparia W. Curtis. Muscogee. In a marsh. April. No. 84. 
Carex rosea Schkuhr, var. retroflexa Torr. Muscogee. April. No. 78. 
Carex rosea ScUkuhr, var. Texenais Torr. Vinita. April. No. 45. 
Carex stricta Lam. Guthrie. May. No. 144. 
Carex tetanica Schkuhr, var. Meadii Bailey. Vinita; Muscogee. April. Nos. 

36,65. 
Carex triceps Mx. Muscogee. April. No. 80. 
Carex varia Muhl. Muscogee and Okmulkee. April. Nos. 77, 91. 

ORAMINEiB. 

Trlpsacum dactyloides L. Cimarron Valley. June. No. 225. 

Andropogon Hallii Hack. Stevens and Clark counties, Kans. ; Neutral Strip. 
June, July. No. 343. 

Andropogon saccharoides Swartz, var. submuticus Vasey. Comanche County, 
Kans. June. No. 252. 

Hilaria Jamesii Benth. Clayton, N. Mex. August. No. 396. 

Paspalum setaceum Mx. Wichita, Kans. July. No. 278. 

Erloohloa punctata Hamil. Clark County, Kans. September. No. 520. 

Panicum anceps Mx. Kingman County, Kans.; Logan County, Okla. Jnly, 
August. Nos. 467, 548. 

Panicum autumnale Bosc. Comanche County, Kans. Sandy soil. September. 
No. 512. 

Panicum depauperatum Muhl. Creek Nation. St<my hill. April. No. 98. 

Panicum obtusum HBK. Cheyenne country. June. No. 197. 

Panicum scopeuium Lam. Wewoka. May. No. 107. 

Panicum virgatum L. Ford County, Kans.; Moore County, Tex. July, August. 
Nos. 322, 422. 

Setaria glauca Beauv. Moore County, Tex. August. No. 423. 

Leersia oryzoides Swz. Sumner and Pratt counties, Kans. In sloughs. Septem- 
ber. No. 498. 

Phalaria intermedia Bosc. Wewoka. May. No. 110. 

Aristida basiramea Engelm. Kingman County, Kans. September. No. 542. 

Aristida dlspersa lYiu. and Kup. Clark County, Kans. Saline soil. September. 

No. 516. 
Aristida Humboldtiana Trin. and Rup. Seward and Meade counties, Kans. 

September. No. 537. 
Aristida oligantha Mx. Clark County, Kans. September. No. 521. 
Aristida purpurea Nutt., var. Hookeri Trin. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 312. 
Muhlenbergia gracillima Torr. Neutral Strip; Clark County, Kans. Augost. 

Nos. 387, 525. 
Muhlenbergia Mexicana Trin. Kingman County, Kans. September. No. 549. 
Lycurus phleoides HBK. Cimarron cafions. Rocky mesas. August. No. 364 
Alopecurus geniculatus L., var. aristulatus Munro. Muscogee. April. No. 60. 
Sporobolus airoides Torr. Reno County, Kans. July. No. 296. 
Sporobolus asper Kunth. Arkalon ; also Meade County, Kans. September. No. 

532. 
Sporobolus asper Kuntli. A variety. Clark County, Kans. Sandy saline soil. 

September. No. 522. 
Sporobolus asperifolius Thurber. Clark Couuty, Kans. September. No. 523. 



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219 

Sporobolna oryptandrus Gray. Seward, Stf^vens, and Comanche coauties, Kana. ; 

Dallas County, Tex. July, August, and September. Nos. 335, 400, 513. 
Sporobolos Tezanus Va.sey. Contr. Nat. Herb., iii, 63. Clark County, Kaus. 

Sandy, saliue soil. September. No. 524. 
Sporobolna vagiuaeflorus Vaaey. Meade County, Kans. Sandy soil. September. 

No. 531. 
Calamagrostls longifolia Hook. Stevens and Comanche counties, Kans. July. 

Nos. 342, 513. 
Danthonia spicata Beauv. Okmulkee. Woods. April. No. 90. 
Chloris verticillata Nutt. Cherokee Outlet. Juno. No. 210. 
Sohedonnardus Tezanus Steudel. Gray County, Kans. July. No. 330. 
Bouteloua eriopoda Torr. Oldham County, Tex. Sand. 
Bonteloua hirsnta Lag. Neutral Strip. August. No. 374. 
Bouteloua oligostachya Torr. Ford County, Kans. July. No. 320. 
Bouteloua racemosa Lag. Cherokee Outlet. June. Nos. 264, 265. 
Munroa squarrosa Torr. Edwards County, Kans. July. No. 318. 
Trlodia cuprea Jacq. Sand soil, in Black-jack forest. Comanche County, Kans. 

August, September. Nos. 455, 511. 
Triodia purpurea Hack. Comanche County, Kans. September. No. 514. 
Redfieldia flexuosa Vasey. Stafford County, Kans. Sandy hills. July. No. 305. 
Diplachne fascicularis Beauv. Clark County, Kans. September. No. 517. 
Diplachne rigida Vasey. Seward County, Kans. ; Kiowa; Englewood, Kans. July, 

September. No. 339. 
Eragrostis curtipedicellata Buckl. Clark County, Kans. September. No. 519. 
ZSragroBtis ozylepis Torr. Cherokee Outlet and Neutral Strip. June, August. 

Nos. 207, 384. 
BragroBtis pectinacea Gray, var. apectabilis Gray. Barber County, Kans. Sep- 
tember. No. 510. 
Bragrostis Purshii Sehrad. Haskell County, Kans. July. No. 327. 
Bragrostis reptans Nees. Near Salt Fork, Cherokee Outlet. September. No. 505. 
Bragrostis tenuis Gray. Cherokee Outlet, near Texas line. August. No. 442. 
XTniola latifolia Mx. Logan County, Kans. August. No. 471. 
DlBtiohlis maritima Raf., var. stricta Torr. Guthrie; Stafford County, Kans. 

July. Nos. 156, 303. 
Poa aptina L. Muscogee. April. No. 58. 

Poa arachnifera Torr. Wewoka, Oklahoma. May, July. Nos. 100, 180. 
Festuca tenella Willd. Creek Nation ; Oklahoma City ; Cherokee Outlet. May, 

June. Nos. 41, 121, 206. 
Bromus unioloides Willd. Wewoka. May. No. 43. 

Agropyrum glaucum R. and S. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 245. 
Hordeum jubatum L. Comanche County, Kans. June. No. 240. 

FILICES. 

"Woodsia Mezicana F6e. Cimarron CaRon. Rocky mesas. August. No. 365. 
Cheil^nthes lanuginosa Nutt. Neutral Strip. Rocky mesas. August. No. 368. 
Cheilanthes Lindheimeri Hook. Neutral Strip. Rocky mesas. August. No. 367. 
Pellaea atropurpurea Link. Neutral Strip. Among rocks. August. No. 363. 
Asplenium ebonctun Ait. Neutral Strip. August. No. 366. 
Kotliolaena nivea Don., var. dealbata Dav. Arkansas City, Kans. September, 
No. 494. 

CHARACBiB. 

Chara g3rninopitys A. Br. var. Stafford County, Kans. July. No. 302. 
T. F. Allen considers this form a new variety. 



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OBSERVATIONS ON THE NATIVE PLANTS OF OKLAHOMA 
TERRITORY AND ADJACENT DISTRICTS. 



By M. A. Carlkton, assiatunt hotanisty Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. 



In order to make out anything like a complete statement of the dis- 
tribution and variations of the native plants of the above-named 
country, it would, of course, be necessary to survey systematically the 
entire territory included, visiting each district at all se^i^ous of the 
year and taking two or three years of time for the purpose. The fol- 
lowing notes are taken from a sojourn of less than six months in the 
regions mentioned during the summer of 1891, although several of the 
districts were visited two or three times during the summer. However, 
1 have taken pains to investigate all distributions and variations of 
plants that seemed to be in any way significant, and it is hoped the 
following summary of results may prove interesting. 

I shall first give some notes on the plants of the diflferent districts of 
this region, and then direct attention to certain groups. 

The entire region over which 1 have worked is approximately included 
between the Arkansas and Canadian rivers, west of Arkansas and east 
of Colorado and New Mexico, but some of my notes will refer to the 
northeast portion of the Indian Territory and of New Mexico and the 
southeast portion of Colorado. For convenience I divide the whole 
region into five parts : (1) Oklahoma proper and eastern Indian Terri- 
tory (or the Indian Territory east of the 98th meridian); (2) westc^m 
Indian Territory (west of the 98th meridian), excluding No Man's Land: 
(3) southwest Kansas (that i)art of Kansas cut off by the Arkansas 
River); (4) No Man's Land or Neutral Strip; and (5) Texas Panhandle 
north of the Canadian River. 

OKLAHOMA PBOPEB AND EASTERN INDIAN TEBRITORY. 

The greater part of this district I have visited but onc^, and then 
early in the spring, and therefore can not say much about its flora fi-om 
my own knowledge. But I believe I have made sufficient observations 
to justify me in expressing the opinion that it is a country in the main 

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more especially adapted to horticulture, and in some places, perhaps, 
stock-raisiug. I base this opinion partly upon the unusual abundance 
of native species of fruits and partly upon the kind of soil present. 
But of course there are other things to be taken into account, and I 
folly admit the possibility of my being wrong in the matter. 

I am especially inclined to believe that small fruits and plums and 
perhaps pears will do well in this district, particularly in the southern 
and eastern portions, while peaches are already quite successfully grown 
by Indians and squaw men in the Cherokee Nation. The soil seems 
to have the clayey consistency desirable for some fruits — as the plum — 
and yet with sufficient sand or gravel to allow necessary drainage. 

Moreover, native fruits are found in great abundance, as a rule. In 
the Cherokee and Creek nations haws are extremely common, their 
blossoms giving a white appearance to the woods and filling the air 
with fragrance. They include the species Gratmgus arborescens Ell. 
and O. tomentosa L., var. mollis Gray, and no doubt others that I did 
not observe. In nearly all this district the following species are quite 
common, especially the first named: Chickasaw plum {Prunus Ghicdsa 
Mx.), the ordinary wild plum {Prunvs Americana Marshall), the wild 
cherry {Prunus serotiiui Ehrh.), and Prunus gracilis Eng. and Gr. ; and 
in the timbered portions of the southern part of this district dewber- 
ries and strawberries are so very abundant as to form extensive wild 
gardens, as I observed myself, both to my pleasure in the berries they 
furnished and to my annoyance in the obstruction they offered to the 
pedestrian. The common blackberry and raspberry {Rubiis villosus 
Ait. and R. occidentals L.) are also found everywhere, and a low, bushy 
species of blackberry {Rtibus trivialis Mx.) seems to be rather common 
at Yinita. 

The usual western grasses thrive well, and a native species of clover 
{Trifolium Carolinianum Mx.) is common at Okmulkee, the capital of 
the Creek Nation. Another larger-headed, clover (Trifolium reflea^um 
ij.) was collected in the southern Seminole Nation, but did not seem to 
be very frequent. 

In theeastem portions there is excellent timber, including quite a num- 
ber of the common oaks, several hickories, hard and soft maple, green 
ash, the elms, box elder, sycamore, yellow birch, black walnut, cotton- 
wood, etc. Post oak is especially common, and makes fairly good tunber. 
Farther westward, except along streams, forests are reduced to small 
groves of gnarly " black jack," remotely scattered here and there. 
From my one trip through the eastern part of this district it was im- 
possible to gain much thorough knowledge of its timber. 

WESTERN INDIAN TERRITORY. 

For the entire regfon included in Kansas and Indian Territory the 
28th meridian may be taken as a very good arbitrary line separating 
the Great Plains flora into an eastern and western section, some- 



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222 

what distinct from each other in the character of their predominant 
species. The natural boundary, it is true, would follow a zigzag 
course, crossing this line many times, but its average course would lie 
just about on this meridian. Going westward, such species as the fol- 
lowing first make their appearance at this line: Astragalus mollissimw 
Torr. (*'loco"), Oaillardia pulchella FovLg,j Malva^trumcoceineumQray^ 
Artemisia filifolia Torr. (^'sagebrush"), A. Wrightii Gray, etc., while 
others, though occasionally found east of this line, now become more 
largely predominant, as Oaillardia lanceolata Mx., Yucca angtisti/olia 
Pursh ("Mexican soap-plant"), Solanum ekeagnifolium Cav., Evolvultu 
argentexis Pursh, the grama grasses and several of the Drop-seed grasses. 

And so, almost immediately after passing the meridian near King- 
fisher, the flora of this district begins to exhibit the distinctive char- 
acter common to the western Great Plains. 

During the season of 1891 there was an excellent growth of grasses 
nearly all over this district, consisting mainly of the blue-stems {An- 
dropogon provinciali^ Lam., A. nutans Lum., and A, Hallii Hack., v. 
flaveolus Hack.), interspersed throughout with a rich carpet of Buffalo 
grtiss. But the season was an exceptionally wet one. 

A very brilliant eryngium {Eryngium diffusum Torr.) gives pleasing 
variety in some places to the usual monotony of this district; while 
there are densely grown patches of the following species, scattered here 
and there : Rudbeckia hirta L., Monarda citriodora Cerv., Hosackia Pur- 
shiana Bentii., Solanum elceagnifolium Cav., and Phaseolus pauciflorus 
Benth. The last three are often found growing together in prairie- 
dog towns, sometimes with Gallirrhoe involucrata Gray, and occasion- 
ally Martynia prohoscidea Glox. 

In the North Canadian Valley a curious velvet-flowered crucifer 
{Streptanthm hyacinthoides Hook.) appears as a Bpecies rather rare in 
this district, so far as I have observed, and on the south side of the 
same river, where the country is much different from the north side, 
Lespedeza reticulata Pers. is occasionally found mingling with the more 
common L, capitata Mx. Then the Gypsum Hills have their pecaliar 
flora, to which 1 shall refer again. Although the greater portion of 
this district will probably continue to be adapted only to the practice 
of stock-raising, still there is no good reason why the eastern part may 
not become a fine wheat-growing country, especially since it lies mainly 
south of the counties of Harper and Barber, in Kansas, which have 
already made a good record as a wheat-producing region. Besides, the 
amount of rainfall, in the same longitude, seems to increase toward the 
south. 

SOUTHWEST KANSAS. 

Until during the last three years the plants of this district have been 
very little known to botanists, and now the results of recent collections 
disclose to us a flora rich in interesting forms, both in the way of add- 



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223 

ing to our.^st many species new to Kansas, and exhibiting very strik- 
ingly the transition from the eastern to the western plains flora. Prof. 
W. A. Kellerman and Mr. B. B. Smyth have preceded me in making 
collections of the plants of this district, and reported quite a number 
of the species that I shall mention in these notes. 

Here we find species that would be wholly out of place in eastern 
Kansas, but which become very fomiliar to the collector in the '* Pan- 
handle'' or Neutral' Strip, and which are invariably characteristic of 
sandy barren regions.- 

But, going westward^'before we reach the more barren portions of the 
district we first find in Kingman, Pratt, Barber, and Oomanche coun- 
ties an extension from the Territory of the outcropping "red beds.'' 
Here there is not such a continuity of the flora as in the sandy regions, 
but there are certain unusual forms quite local and broken in their 
range, such as the following species: Oxytropis monticola Gray, found 
so far only at Kingman, Oaillardia simplex Scheele., Astragalus bisulcatus 
Gray, Seneeh BotigUisii DC. and Aster oblongifolius Nutt., var. rigidulus 
Gray. Gypsum hills, too, are nuiperous here, and are accompanied by 
their peculiar flora. Juniperus Vtrginiana L. and Celtis occidentalis L. 
occur among these hills, the former probably as an extension of its 
range from the Territory, rather thaqi from eastern or northern Kansas. 

Aside from the plants of the "red beds" and sandy regions, there 
are a few others that become familiar forms in western Kansas, distrib- 
uted quite generally over the high prairies. Of these, besides various 
cacti, buflfalo-grasses, and the grama grasses (Boutehtui racemosa Lag., 
B, oUgostachya Torr. and B. hirsuta Lag., there are the following 
species: Lepachys Tagetes Gray (both purple and yellow-rayed forms), 
Oaillardia pulchella Foug., Engelmannia pinnatifida Torr. and Gray, 
Erysimum asperum DC, Astragalus lotiflorus Hook., A. molHssimus 
Torr., Ipomwa leptophylla Torr., (Enothera Hartwegi Benth, etc. 

The prevailing sunflower for all this district, and in fact for the entire 
Arkansas Valley of the Great Plains, is Hdianthus petlolaris Nutt., al- 
though ff. annuus L. is quite common. 

Throughout this district, as in western Indian Territory, the most 
important forage grasses are the buttalo-grass, blue-stems, switch grass 
{Panicum virgatum L.), and the grama grasses. Along the Cimarron 
River Sporobolus asperifolius Thurb. and MiiJilenbergia gracillima Torr. 
are also rather common, occurring in dense patches. One of t)ie worst 
weeds among the grasses is Schedonnardus Texanus Steudel, which 
grows so thickly from Gray County westward as to become quite an 
annoyance in the fields, particularly in those not constantly cultivated, 
and is very provoking to the teamsters, by gathering mud on the whg<i3ls 
of the wagon after a rain. 

Li Seward County, the common "tumble weed" is Gycloloma platy- 
phyllum Moq. I saw specimens of this species on exhibition at Arkalon 
which measured as much as 3 feet across. It is common in sandy 
wastes. 



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224 

There are some interesting species in the extreme southwestern por- 
tion of this district that, as far as yet known, seem barely to have crossed 
the Kansas line in their distribution northward. A particularly interest- 
ing locality, in which alone some of these species have so fsu: been 
found in Kansas, is the Point of Bocks, a series of rocky bluffs jutting 
out on the north side of the Cimarron River, near the Territory line, in 
Morton County, at which place the headquarters of a numb^ of catUe 
men have been established for some time. I shall mention some of 
these species that I noted at this place and in a few other localities. 

Krameria secundiflora DC. is common from Guthrie to Kingfisher, 
Okla., and westward, but collected in Kansas only at Point of Boeks, 
The following have also been found so far only at Point of Rocks: 
Eriogonum la^hnogynum Torr., Berlandiera lyrata Benth., and Petalo- 
stemon molaceus Mx., var. tenuis Coulter. The last one, described by 
Coulter in his Manual of the Phanerograms and Pteridophytes of 
western Te^as, is common fiEtrther south and west in Neutral Strip 
and Texas. A singularly dwarfed form of (Enoihera serriilata Nutt- is 
also found at Point of Rocks, which is common on gypsum hills in 
Indian Territory and in Neutral Strip and Panhandle, but seen nowhere 
else in Kansas. Convolvulus inca^itis Yahl also has so far been found 
only in Morton County, and Pectis angustifolia Torr., and Franseria 
discolor Nutt. only in Seward County, besides others. 

NEUTEAL STEIP (BEAVER COUNTY, OKLA.). 

This district exhibits more Mly the prevailing species of the south- 
western Great Plains. Following the Cimarron River westward, the 
species already mentioned as barely crossing the Kansas line first 
become more common, then other new species appear, and finally, the 
valley of the Cimarron assuming canon form, and reaching the mesas 
terminating the spurs of the mountains, the flora presents an appear- 
ance quite similar to that of eastern New Mexico and the canons of 
Texas Panhandle. 

About 50 miles up the river from Morton County, Kans., two or 
three species of "tree cactus" are first found, also a new Mentzelia, 
M. multijiora Gray, Paronychia sessiUflora Nutt., Dcsmanthus Jamesii 
Torr. and Gray, several interesting ferns among the mesas, a new grass, 
Lycurus phUoidcs HBK., etc. Besides, nearly all the spedes found in 
Morton, Stevens, and Seward counties, Kans., now become very com- 
mon. 

On the divide between the Cimarron and North Canadian great 
patches of Hymenopa^pus flavcscens Gray occur, filling the air with 
their pungent odor. In the same region Eragrostis oxylepis Torr. and 
Muhlenbergia gracilUma Torr. are quite common, as well as OaiUardia 
pinnatijida Torr., and a variety of Chrysopsis villosa Nutt., while Hoff- 
manseggia stricta Benth. grows in patches scattered about. 



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225 

Of trees, the following were Tiote<^l in the Cimarron Oailon : hack- 
berry, red cedar, cotton wood, and soap wood (Sapindm margimtm 
Willd.); also a species of willow (unrecognized), and among the mesas 
a small sensitive plant {Mimosa borealut Gray). 

A very troublesome weed in the Cimarron cafions is Tribulus maxi- 
mus L. Even within the recent beginning of settlement of the Neutral 
Strip this plant has spread quite rapidly over the few cultivated fields. 
I found it growing on the farm of J. J. Burnett, at Garrett. He told 
me it waa already quite an annoyance. 

In some places in the caiions very fair crops can be raised by irriga- 
tion ttom springs iiowing out of the mesas. 

TEXAS PANHANDLE. 

Although this is a large district, still I can give only a few not.es in 
regard to its flora, as I have made but one trip through it, passing from 
Clayton, N. Hex., along the Denver, Texas and Fort Worth Railroad to 
Tascosa; thence down the cailons of the South Canadian River to Cana- 
dian City, and thence northward along the Santa Fe Railroad into the 
Indian Territory. 

Great portions of this district are vast plains of sand, but which 
during the season of 1891 were clothed with a very good growth of 
grasses, including the blue stems and a few species of the genera 
Sporobolusy Bouteloua, Triodiaj and Panieum. These plains, on reaching 
the river, are broken up into rocky mesas, and here the flora is rather 
different. 

Nearly all the characteristic species of the western Great Plains, 
already mentioned as occurring in the other districts, are also found 
everywhere in this district. Hence I shall note only a few of the 
species not already mentioned. 

The following species are found on the sandy plains of the western 
and northern portions: Eriogonum alatum Torr.j a, giant Eriogonum, 
more than 4 feet tall, common in the sand and on rocky bluffs in 
Dallam County ; Oilia rigidula Benth., a small blue-flowered Gilia, found 
in Dallam and Moore counties; PtnUtetnon ambiguus Torr., white flow- 
ered, small, in Hartley County; Helianthus ciliaris DC, collected on 
high prairies in Moore County, and Cuscuta cmpidata Eng., parasitic on 
Artemisia filifolia Torr. and Ambrosia psilosrtachya DC, also in Moore 
County. 

Along the Canadian Caiion a number of interesting species were also 
Boted. At Tascosa were found Bigelovia Wrightii Gray, Baceharis 
salicina Torr. & Gray, and the mesquit, Prosopisjuliflora DC, the beans 
of which are used by Mexicans and Indians for food. A grove of this 
last species was also noted in the Cheyenne and Arrapahoe reservation, 
about 12 miles northeast of Cantonment. It is also called screw- 
beany and is quite common over the Southwest. A cactus {Opuntia 
lepiocaulis DC), with very flue-looking fruit, was also collected at 



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226 

Tascosa. The fruit is brilliant red, and at a distance looks like flowers^ 
It furnishes an acid juice that is quite refreshing to the tired travrfer. 
BouUlotM eriopoda Torr. grows in abundance near Tascosa. At Cana- 
dian City a splendid malvaceous plant {Hibiscus Uisiocarpus Cav.) i^^ 
common in the Canadian Valley (which here loses its canon form) ; also 
Asclepias incarnata L. var. longifolia Gray was collected in the same 
locality. 

One of the foxtails {Setaria glauca Beauv.) forms a good part of the 
hay in the Canadian Valley, and is considered to be of good quality. 

The button bush {Cephalanthus occidentalis L.) is a very cx>miuon 
shrub in this valley and along streams in western Indian Territory. 

This district is, on the whole, one vast cattle range, with a few cul- 
tivated fields in the Canadian canons, watered by springs in the mesas. 

PLANTS CHABAOTEEISTIO OF SANDY EEaiONS. 

Having given some attention to the distribution of plants for several 
years, I have become especially interested in the fact commonly known 
that certain plants are usually associated with particular soils and cli 
mates. However, I can not hope to give anything new in this line^ 
except in so far as I may be able to present some additional observa- 
tions, that may be of interest, from a study of the flora of the above 
districts. 

It has been noted by nearly all observers, I suppose, who have had 
opportunity, that the plants of sandy or desert regions are usually, 
and uniformly, protected against rapid transpiration by thickened 
leaves and epidermis, absence or narrowness of leaves, or an unusual 
amount of wooliness or hairiness. Now, as one would expect, we find 
such characters commonly belonging to the species prevailing in the 
western Great Plains. Of course the Great Basin and other regions 
farther west and south than these districts that have come more imme- 
diately under my own observations would probably furnish still better 
examples of this peculiarity in plant distribution; but various circum- 
stances do not permit me to include any notes upon those regions, 
although I have been over a portion of the Great Basin. 

It is particularly interesting to trace the gradually increasing tend- 
ency to assume these protective characters on the part of those species 
inhabiting both the eastern and western portions of the Great Plains 
in their distribution westward. The very common evening Primrose 
{(Enothera serrulata Nutt.) furnishes a good illustration. I have seen 
specimens of this species in eastern Indian Territory growing more than 
2 feet tall, with flowers nearly 2 inches across, while in Panhan- 
dle, Texas, Neutral Strip, and at Point of Rocks, Kans., it becomes 
I)eculiarly dwarfed, often not more than G inches tall, with flowers 
little more than half an inch across, and the leaves and branches be- 
come more whitish, narrower, and yet thicker, and the entire plant 
more massive in proportion to its height. Between these extremes in- 



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227 

tennediate forms can be traced. ChrysopHtM villosa Xiitt. and Aplo- 
papp^is spinulosus DO. are well known to be quite variable, but their 
variations, to the eastward and westward especially, will nearly always 
be found to be in the line of a greater or less presence of protective 
characters. Of the former, the very names of many of the described 
varieties ought to, and do, indicate these facts, such as canescensy hinpida^ 
foliosa^ stenaphylUij viffcida, etc., while there are innuniorabie interme- 
diate forms not worthy of varietal rank. RiddeUia tagctinu Nutt. be- 
comes much more woolly fjirther westward, and Engelmannia pinnatifida 
Torr. and Gray more hairy and somewhat dwarfed. 

Besides Chrysopsis villosa Nutt. a number of other species become 
so modified as to produce distinct varieties. Petalostemon tHoln<)eus 
Mx. changes into its dwarfed but stouter variety t^nuift Coulter, Oxy- 
baphus nyctdgineuH Sweet, becoming more and more hairy, finally pro- 
duces the variety pilosm Gray (Barber Oounty, Kans.). Oenothera 
Hartxcegi Benth. becomes the variety lavenduUvfolia Wats., dwarfed 
and more hairy, and Aster ohlongifolius Nutt. gives place to its dwarfed 
but stouter and more rigid variety rigidulus Gray. 

Just so, species with thickened or hairy epidermis and fleshy, narrow 
leaves take the place of other species of the same genus farther west- 
ward in the sandy or desert regions. Soon after passing the 98th 
meridian we find Astragahis mollissimus Torr. and A. lotijiorus Hook, 
taking the place of other species of the genus, and they finally become 
the dominant astragali of southwest Kansas. These species are well 
known to be quite hairy. In my own experience the latter species is 
almost invariably the only one of the genus found in sand hills. As- 
tragalus pectinatus Dougl. and A.pictm Gray, \B,r,JilifoHus Gray, species 
with very narrow or finely dissected leaves, and A. Parryi Gray, a 
very hairy species, also become quite common, especially in eastern 
Colorado. Lepachys Ta^etes Gray becomes dominant in place of L. 
columnaris Torr. and Gray in extreme southwestern Kansas, and Oxyha- 
phus husuttks Sweet replaces largely the other oxybaphi in the Neutral 
Strip. Gaura villosa Torr. already begins to replace other gauras in 
sand hills at Guthrie, Okla., and becomes quite common farther west- 
ward. Solanum elceagnifolium Cav. becomes the dominant member of its 
genus in southwest Kansas and Neutral Strip. It has very much thick- 
ened whitish woolly leaves and epidermis. It also takes the place of 
Solanum rostratum Dunal in furnishing food for great numbers of the 
Colorado potato beetle in Barber County, Kans. Oenothera albicanlis 
Nutt., with sparsity of leaves and much-thickened stem and leaves, and 
Oe. pinnatifida Nutt., with finely divided leaves and hau-y all over, be- 
come common in place of others of this genus in southwest Kansas and 
southwestward. Gaillardia pinnatifida Torr., almost before one recog- 
nizes the fact, appears in place of O. pulchcUa Foug., as the two species 
resemble each other very much, but the former is really more ashy 
pubescent, with leaves usually more finely divided. Art^mia filifolia 



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228 

Torr. and^. Wrt<7*Yt/ Gray replace other artemisias, and Dalea mtna 
Torr. and D. lanata Spreng. are found common in place of other nieni- 
bers of that genus. All of these have either finely discected leaves or 
gre^t woollinesft, or both. 

Of the 8edges Cyperus Schweinitzii Torr. seems to be the most com- 
mon in sandy wastes. From what I am able to le^m from other soarees, 
however, it is a species that seems to be quite generally distributed 
everywhere. In this connection it may be of interest to note a difference 
in habitat between Cyperus Schweinitzii Torr. and 6'. Houghtoni Torr^ 
which two species have only recently been separated by Dr. Britton. 
(Bulletin Torr. Bot. Club, vol. xviii. p. 368.) I have noted both sx>^^i^^ 
in many places all over the Southwest, and, while the former is quite 
common in sandy wastes, I have never once noted C. Houghtoni in 
such localities. 

Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. is the dominant grama grass in the Neutral 
Strip; and in western Texas and eastern New Mexico the ** black 
grama " grass, B. eriopoda Torr., becomes quite common. Of the ferns 
Cheilanthes Lindheimeri Hook, is a good example of a characteristic 
western form. It is extremely villous to tomentose, found growing 
in abundance among the rocks of the mesas in the Cimarron caiions. 

To name all other species characteristic of these sandy regions, taken 
at random from various genera and orders, would require a long list, 
which would probably be both needless and uninteresting. Hence I 
shall name only a few of the most striking examples: Heliotropimm 
convolvulacetim Gray, a species covered with stiff, appressed hairs, 
which I have invariably found growing in almost pure sand ; RedfitMU 
flexuoso Vasey, a grass with slender, rigid leaves, seemingly restricted 
even to "blow outs^ in sides of sand hills; Dipla4;hne rigida Vasey, » 
grass having, as the name implies, a very rigid, thickened stem and a 
few short, narrow, rigid leaves; Hymenopappus flavescens Gray, a sx)eciec» 
white tomentose, common in southwest Kansas and Neutral Strip; 
Franseria discolor Nutt., hispid hairy, in Seward County, Kans. ; Poljfp- 
t^ris Texana Gray, Aplopappus rubiginosus Torr. and Gray, and A. dirar- 
icatus Gray, all viscid-pubescent or woolly, with rather narrow leaves; 
Krynitzkia Jamesii Gray, and K. crnssisepala Gray, both extrem^y 
rough, hispid, or tomentose, in southwest Kansas and south westward; 
Lycurus phleoides HBK., a grass somewhat similar in texture to the 
grama grasses, among the mesas in Neutral Strip; Portulaea pilo^a It, 
common in the Panhandle and in sandy wastes at Wichita, Kans,; 
Biscut^lla WisUzeni Benth. and Hook., a densely woolly crucifer, oommon 
in the Panhandle and found in southwest Kansas; Eriogonum annumm 
Nutt., E. alalum Torr., E. lachnogynum Torr., E. Jamesii Benth., in 
fact, nearly all the eriogonunis of the Great Plains, all pubescent to 
densely tomentose, with few narrow leaves; besides all the vuiouft 
cacti, with fleshy stems and no leaves; the mentzelias, with rougii, 
thickened leaves and hard stems; the aristidas, stipas, yuccas, etc 



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229 

It wonid seem to be a logical eouclusion from the above facts that 
any sjiecies introduced into cultivation for use as forage plants, in 
those desert regions, ought to possess these same characters protecting 
them against too rapid transpiration if there is to be any hope at all 
of success without irrigation. Such grasses as Uniota latifoln Mx., 
or the cut-grass, Leersia oryzoides Swartz, for instance, would make 
utter failures. Fortunately the plants proper for such regions can 
usually be found among the native species, but if they muM be intro- 
duced from abroad they should certainly be selected from places similar 
in soil and climate. 

While the buffalo and grama grasses will probably continue to be, 
for general purposes, the mainstay of the Western ranchman, at least 
for many years to come, still it seems proper to note here a few other 
8i>ecie8 that might be introduced into cultivation with success by the 
farmer, esi)ecially in the lower lands and river valleys, and that ought 
to receive a thorough test by our Western experiment stations. The 
United States grass station at Garden City, Kans., has probably 
already made a trial of some of these species that I shall mention, but 
I think not all of them. 

Colorado blue-joint {Agropyrum glaucum R. and S.). — This is a very 
common si>ecies in southern Colorado and in Neutral Strip and extreme 
western Kansas. It makes excellent hay, and is one of the most valued 
grasses in the Cimarron canons. How far it has been tested in culti- 
vation I do not know, although I was informed that a ranchman of 
southern Colorado had produced a very good meadow from the seed 
obtained from a small plat raised the year before. 

Broom grass (Andropogon saccharoides Swartz, and varieties). — A 
; ranchman at Garrett, Okla., calls this and the following species 
the best grasses they have in the Cimarron canons, and others have 
made similar statements. It is widely diffused all over the Southwest, 
from Wichita and Guthrie westward, but not very abundant, although 
increasing in abundance westward. 

Panic grass (Panicum obtusum HBK.). — Sofar as I know, this grass 
has never yet even been mentioned as one worthy of cultivation; but, 
as far as its being relished by stock is concerned, experience points it 
out as an excellent grass, both for hay and grazing. Its actual nutri- 
tive value, of course, would have to be determined by chemical analy- 
sis. It affords a fair supply of foliage, large spikelets which ought to 
furnish good seed, matures rather early, and seems well adapted to the 
river valleys of the Plains. It ranges fix)m Kingfisher westward, be- 
coming rather common in the Neutral Strip. 

HalVs broom grass {Andropogon HaUii Hack., and varieties). — ^This 
is quite stemmy, but ftirnishes good grazing and, if cut young, pro- 
duces a good quality of hay. It is much like the common blue-stem 
. (Andropogon provincialis Lam.), and is quite frequent in canons as 
well as on uplands. 



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230 

Sicitch grass (Panicum rirgatum L.) is also a comraon and well- 
known grass in the canons. The value of this grass for hay is al8<j 
increased by early mowing. It is called a very good forage plant by 
tlie ranchmen. 

Yelhw foxtail (Setaria glauca Beauv.). — The ranchmen in the South 
Canadian canons call this a very good grass for hay. I have seen them 
mowing it in considerable quantity. It is rather common there. It 
may possibly seem the more valuable simply because there is a lack of 
other good species. 

PLANTS CHARACTERISTIC OF GYPSUM HILLS. 

It seems to be pretty well understood that the meaning of the Indian 
word Oklahoma is "home of the red earth'' (Okla=red, homa=home); 
which, if tnie, makes it a very appropriate name, since a large portion 
of the Indian Territory north of the South Canadian River is plainly 
distinguished by outcropping **red beds,'' which also extend north- 
waid into Barber, Pratt, Comanche, and Kingman counties, Kans. 

Now, gypsum and salt are also associated with the " red beds," out- 
cropping at the surface in the form of gypsum hills and salt marshes, 
especially along the valley of the Cimmarron and in central Kansas. 
The gypsum deposits, being a little harder than the surrounding soil, 
have been left standing by the eroding action of streams until they 
have become very prominent hills, in some places forming what are 
called gln88 mountains^ from the glistening appearance of the mica-like 
gypsum covering their sides. 

All these gypsum hills invariably have their characteristic plants. 
The special characters of the plants are very much the same as those ot 
the plants of sandy regions. This is explained by the fact that they 
have to contend with the same general adversities of environment — a 
dry, gravelly soil, from which the water is rapidly drained away through 
the sides of the hills. 

At the summits of these hills, near Kingfisher, Okla., certain species 
are found which do not occur in the surrounding lower country within 
a radius of 100 miles, so far as my experience goes. Of these, Riddellla 
tagetina Nutt. is one of the most common, found on various hills along 
the Cimarron River. The dwarf form of Oenothera serrulata Nutt., al- 
ready mentioned, is also quite as common, as well as Oe. Hartwegi 
Benth., Oaura villosa Torr., Yucca angu^tifolm Pursh, Oilia longiflora 
Don., Mentzelia nuda Torr. and Gray, and M. oligosperma Nntt., are 
frequent on gypsum hills from Caldwell to Barber County, Kans. Port- 
ulaca pilom L. occurs on similar hills in the Cherokee Outlet, Ind. T. 

The following species I have not seen in other localities than gypsum 
hills: Lesquerella gracilis W'^^ts,, Kama dcmissum Gray, and Astragalus 
microUhus Gray, in Cherokee Outlet, and Oxyhaplius nyctaginem Sweet, 
var. pilosus Gray, in Barber County, Kans. I suppose, however, they 
may be found, in other places. They are not very common, and this 



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231 

fact may possibly account for my not having seen them in other local- 
ities. Of cimrse it is not necessary that any species should be entirely 
limited to a certain locality in order to be properly characteristic of 
that locality. 

PLANTS CHARACTERISTIC OF SALT MARSHES. 

Experiments have shown that solutions of salt have a retarding influ- 
ence upon the assimilative processes in plants; and now in a recent con- 
tribution to botanical science ("Ueber Schutzmittel des Laubes gegen 
Transpiration besonders in der Flora Javas," A. F. W. Schimper; Sitz- 
ungsberichte der Berl. Akadem. der Wissenschaften, 1890, S. 1045), the 
writer maintains that the presence of salt also interferes with the water 
supply, much to the same extent as a relatively dry soil. Hence it is 
argued that the thick, fleshy leaves, sunken stomata, and hairiness of 
salt-marsh plants are all protective characters against too rapid trans- 
piration, just as they are in the case of plants of desert regions. If tliis 
view is correet, there are probably other characters distinguishing salt- 
marsh plants from those of desert regions, for I have yet noted but two 
species that are at all common to both localities. 

The two species that I have found to be common to salt marshes and 
barren sandy regions are Corispermum hyHsopifoUum L. and Cycloloma 
platyphyllum Moq., belonging to the goosefoot ovA&v {Chenopodiacew). 
The former I have collected in abundance in sandy districts in Texas 
Panhandle and various places in southwest Kansas and in salt 
marshes all along the Salt Fork, in Cherokee Outlet; the latter, in a 
number of Kansas salt marshes, and in sandy wastes in extreme south- 
western Kansas, wiiere it is a common tumble weed. 

Atriplex expansa Wats., belonging to the same order to which the 
above belong, is a common alkali and salt marsh plant in southern 
Kansas, although this is its flrst publication as a Kansas plant. It is 
also common along the Salt Fork in Indian Territory. It is well known 
to possess thick, scurfy leaves. Kochia Americana Wats., another mem- 
ber of the goosefoot order, and possessing unusually thick, terete, 
fleshy leaves, is also a common salt-marsh plant throughout southern 
and western Kansas. I have myself found it at Wichita and in salt 
marshes at Geuda Springs (Sumner County) and in Stafford County. 
It is according to my experience that a majority of the genera of the 
orders Ohenopodiaceae and Amarantaceae represented in the Great 
Plains fornish species peculiar to salt marshes and sandy wastes. 

Of the sedges Soirpus maritimus L. and Scirpm Torreyi Olney are 
invariably found associated with salt marshes throughout Kansas and 
Indian Territory. Distichlis maritima Raf., var. stricta Thurber, and 
Sporobohis diroides Torr. are such common grasses in salt marshes that 
it would be quite strange to see a salt marsh without them. The latter 
is also found in various alkaline and othcjr barren soils. 
^51— No. 6 i 



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232 

Sesuvium portulacastrum L., belonging to an order (Ficoide^) char- 
acterized by fleshy, succulent plants, is very ft-equent in Kansas salt 
marshes and on the Great Salt Plain of the Cimarron, and is strictly 
characteristic of such localities, according to my observations. Olaux 
maritima L. is also reported from Kansas and known to be a character- 
istic salt-marsh plant. I have not observed it myself. 

Cleomella angmtifolia Torr. is common in alkaline soils, but not at 
all limited to such localities. 

PLANTS OHABACTEEISTIC OF SANDSTONE OUTCROPS. 

In the central and eastern portions of the Indian Territory are small 
surface outcrops, usually of sandstone, at the summits or on sides of 
hills, or even scattered over the general level of the country, which are 
always clothed by a vegetation entirely distinct from that of the sur- 
rounding soil. But I have only observed this peculiarity in the Indian 
Territory, and probably have not yet the required facts to make it a 
matter of very much importance. 

I shall name a few of the species most strikingly characteristic ol 
these localities that have come under my observation. These outcrops 
are especially noticeable about Guthrie and Oklahoma City, where I 
have collected the following species: Kama hispidum Gray, Evax proli- 
fera Nutt., Euphorbia pepUdion Eng., Linum Berlandieri Hook., and 
several others of less importance. In these same outcrops and in the 
eastern part of the Territory I have collected some others, which are 
also found in the western Great Plains, such as Actinella linearifolia 
Torr. and Gray, and Evolvulus argenteus Pursh, both at Oklahoma City, 
and (Enothera linifolia Nutt., Rumex a^etosella L., Pha^elia parviflora 
Pursh, Phaeelia strictifiora Gray, and others, in the Creek Xation« 



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SYSTEMATIC AND ALPHABETIC INDEX TO NEW SPECIES OF 

NORTH AMERICAN PHANEROGAMS AND PTERI- 

DOPHYTES PUBLISHED IN 1892. 



By J08KP111NE A. Clauk. 



PREFATORV NOTE. 



In conformity with the plan of the Index for 1891 both a systematic 
and an alphabelic enumeration of names is given, the former following, 
in both order and numbering, Durand's Index Gcnerum Phaneroga- 
inorum. In the case of species or varieties described as new in the 
year 1892, the State or other general locality follows the reference, 
but in case of a mere change in the name of a plant that has been 
I)re\iou8ly described no locality is given. 

BIBIilOGRAPHT. 

Bot. Oaz.=BotaDical Gazette; ed. by J. M. Coulter, C. R. Barnes, aod J. C. 

Arthur. Vol xvii. Crawfordsville, Ind. 1892. 8^. 
Bot. Mag.=:Curti8'8 Botanical Magazine, by J. D. Hooker. Vol. cxviii. Lond. 1892. 

8°. 
BuU. Ton". Club=ToiTey Botanical Club. Bulletin; ed. by N. L Britton. Vol. xix. 

N. Y. 1892. 8o. 
Contr. Nat Hcrb.=U. S. National Herbarium. Contributions. Vol. i, no. 5, 6; vol. 

ii, no. 2j vol. iii, no. 1. Wash., D. C. 1892. 8^. 
Engler, Bot Jahrb.=Engler, A. hrsg. Botanische Jahrbllcher fdr Systeraatik Pflan- 

zengeschichteund Pflanzengeojp-aphie. Bd. xv, xvi. Leipz. 1892. 8^. 
Gard. Chron.=Gardcner8* Chronicle. Ser3. xi, xii. Lond., 1892. F. 
Card. & For. =The Garden and Forest; a Journal of Horticulture,. Landscape Art, 

and Forestry. Vol. v. N. Y. 1892. F. 
Greene, PI. Praii.=Greene, E. L. Flora Franciscana. Pt. 3. San Francisco. 1892. 8^. 
Greene, Pitt.=Greene, E. L. Pittonia; a Series of Botanical Papers. Vol. ii, pt. 11, 

12. Berkeley, Cal. 1892. 8^. 
Joum. Bot=Jounial of Botany, British and Foreign; ed. by James Britten. Vol. 

XXX. Lond. 1892. S'^. 
KeT^ BuU.=Koyal Gardens, Kew. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. 1892. 

Lond. 1892. H^. 
McMiUan, Metasp. Minn. Val.=McMillan, Conway. Metasperm® of the Minne- 
sota Valley. Minneapolis, Minn. 1892. 8^. (Geol. and Nat. Hist. Surv. Minn. 

Rep. of Surv. Bot. ser. 1.) 
Mem. Ton. Club.=Torrey Botanical Club. Memoirs. Vol. iii. N.Y.1892. 8^. 

233 



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234 

MiUspaugh, Fl. West Va.=Millpaugb, C. F. Flora of West Virginia. CbaitetflB, 

W. Va. 1892. 8°. (West Va. Agric. Expor. Station. Bulletin, no. 24; toL 41, 

no. 12.) 
Mining & Scient. PreB8=Miniug and Scientific Press. San Francisco. Jan. If, 

1892. 
NaturaleKa=La Natnraleza; Periodico Cieutifico de la Sociodad Mexicaua de Hia- 

toria Natural. Ser. 2. ii. Mexico, 1892. Q. 
Proc. Amer. Acad.=American Academy of Art and Sciences. Proceedings. Vol. 

xxvii. Boston, 1892. 8°. 
Proc. Biol. Soc. Wa8h.=Biological Society of Washington. Proceedings. Vol. rii. 

Wash., D. C, 1892. 8°. 
Proc. Cal. Acad.=California Academy of Sciences. Proceedings. Ser. 2. iiu pp. 

218-2tr7. San Francisco, 1892. 8^. 
Scient. Anier.=Scientitic American; a Weekly Journal of Practical Information, 

Art, Science, Mechanics, Chemistry, and Manufactures. N. Y. Sept. 3, 1892. F. 
Trans. N. Y. Acad.=New York Academy of Sciences. Transactions. Vol. xi. N. 

Y. 1892. 8^. 
Zoe=Zoe; a Biological Journal. Vol. ii, no. A, iii, no. 1-3. San Francisco^ 1892. 8^. 



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I. SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 
RANUNCULACEiB. 

3. Thallctrum csesium Greene, Fl. Fran. 309.— California. 

maorostylum Small and Heller, Mem. Ton*. Club, iii. 8. — North 

Carolina. 

4. Anemone dichotoma canadensis MacMillau, Metanp. Minn. Val. 237. 
hirsutisslma MacMillan, Met^isp. Minn. Val. 239. 

nemorosa grayi Greene, Fl. Fran. 295. 

8. Myosurus aristatus sessiliflorus Hutb in Engler, Hot. .Talirb. xvi. 286.— 

California. 

breviscapus Huthin Kugler, Bot. Jahrb. xvi. 285.— Nortb America. 

californicus Hutb in Engler, Bot. Jnbrb. xvi. 285. — Cali- 
fornia. 

priuglei Hutb in Engler, Bot. Jahrb. xvi. 285. — Mexico. 

9. Trautvetteria palmata coriacea Hutb in Engler, Bot. Jahrb. xvi. 288. — 

Illinois. 
10. Ranunculus allsmellus Greene, Fl. Fran. 297. 

biolettU Greene, Pitt. ii. 225.— California. 

californicus canescens Greene, Fl. Fran. 299. — California. 

cuneatus Greene, Fl. Fran. 299.— California. 

Uetus Greene, Fl. Fran. 299. — (California. 

latilobus Greene, Fl. Fran. 299. — California. 

glaberrimus ellipticus Greene, Fl. Fran. 298. 

lacustris terrestris MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 247. 

macouuii Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xii. 2.— Canada, British Co- 
lumbia to Arizona and New Mexico. 

tumeri Greene, Pitt. ii. 296. — Alaska. 



13. Caltha leptosepala hcw^ellii Hutb, Helios, Monat. Mittbeil. Gesammptg. 
Naturw. ix. 68. — Nortb America. 

rotundifblia Hutb, Helios, Monat. Mittbeil. Gesammptg. 

Naturw. ix. 68. — Nortb America. 

palustris arctica Hutb, Helios.. Monat. Mittbeil. Gesammptg. 

Naturw. ix. 70.— North America. 

- asarifolia Huth, Helios, Monat. Mittbeil. Gesammptg. Naturw. 



ix. 71.— Nortb America. 

pamassiifolia Hutb, Helios, Monat. Mittbiel. Gesammptg. 

Naturw. ix. 71. — Nortb America. 

typica Hutb, Helois, Monat. Mittbeil. Gesammptg. Naturw. 

ix. 72. — Nortb America. 
20. Coptis asplenifolia bitemata Huth in Kiigler, Bot. Jahrb. xvi. 304.— 
Alnnka. 

occidentalis hcw^ellii Hutb in Engler. Bot. Jabrb. xvi. 303. — Oregon. 

25. Delphinium hesperium hanseni (ircene. Fl. Fran. 304.— California. 

ornatum Greene, Fl. Fran. 304.— (California. 

variegatum apiculatum Greeue, Fl. l-'ran. 304. 

235 



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236 

mrSO^HiEACE^S. 

205. Leuconymphsea odorata MacMillau, Metasp. Minn. VaI. 228. 
209. Nelumbo nelumbo MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 226. 

PAPAVERACEiE. 

213. PlatyBtemo4 californicus crinitus Greene, FI. Fran. 282. 

denticulatuB Greene, Fl. Fran. 283. 

torreyl Greene, Fl. Fran. 283. 

217. Arctomecon humile Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 67. — Utah. 

merriami Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 66. — Nevada. 

231. Eschscholtzia ambie;ua Greene, Fl. Fran. 286.— California. 

FUMARIACE^S. 

234. BicucuUa canadensis Millspaugb, Fl. West Virginia, 327. 

cucullaria Millspaiigh, Fl. West Virginia, 327. 

ezimia Millspaugh, Fl. West Virginia, 327. 

CRUCIFERiE. 

245. Nasturtium nasturtium Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Cluh, xix. 95. 

246. Barbarea barbarea stricta MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 259. 
250. Streptanthus biolettii Greene, Pitt. ii. 225. — California. 

pulchellus Greene, Pitt. ii. 225. — California. 

253. Cardamine arenicola Britton, Bull. Torr. Clnb, xix. 220. 
272. Lesquerella argen tea MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 263. 
274. Alyssum americanum Greene, Pitt. ii. 224. — Alaska. 

295. Erysimum asperum perenne Watson in Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 
70. — California. 

inconspicuum MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 268. 

CAPPARIDACEiE. 

425. Cleome potosina Robinson, Proc. Amer. Aciui. xxvii. 165. — Mexico. 

429. Isomeris arborea globosa Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 73. — California* 

430. Jacksonia dodecandra MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 270. 

VIOLACEiE. 

469. Viola reptans Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 165. — Mexico. 

CARTOPHTLLACEiE. 

569. Dianthera incerta Brandcgee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 226. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
575. Silene purpurata Greene, Pitt. ii. 229. — Alaska. 

580. Cerastium grande Greene, Pitt. ii. 229. — Alaska. 

arvense bracteatum MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 223. 

581. Stellular! a longipes MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 222. 

583. Arena la compacta Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 67.— California. 

594. Tissa rubra perennans Greene, Pitt. ii. 229. 

595. Drymaria diffusa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 130. — Carmen Island. 

PORTULACACEiE. 
615. Claytonia nubigena Greene, Pitt. ii. 294. — California, 



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237 

MALVACE2S. 

794a. Hdsperaloea malaohroides Greene, Pitt. i). 301. 

74^1. Sida acuta garckeana £. G. Baker, Jouru. Bot. xxx. 238. 

barclayi E. G. Baker, Jonrn. Bot. xxx. 236. — Central America. 

di£Fu8a aetosa E. G. Baker, Jonni. Bot. xxx. 291. 

hederacea sulphurea E. G. Baker, Jouni. Bot. xxx. 138. — Mexico. 

palmeri E. G. Baker, Journ. Bot. xxx. 295. — Mexico. 

spinosa Balviaofolia E. G. Baker, Jouru. Bot. xxx. 237. 

742a. Sidastrum qoinquenervium £. G. Baker, Jouru. Bot. xxx. 197. 

STERCULIACEiE. 

825. Guazuma e;uaxuma Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Club, xix.95. 

GERANIACEiB. 

986. TropaBolumbimaculatum Klotzsch in Buchenau, Engler, Bot. Jabrb. xv. 217. — 
Central America. 

ACERACEiB. 

1493. Acer saccharum floridanum Small and Heller, Mem. Torr. Club, iii. 24. 

ANACARDIACEiE. 

1551. Rhus americanuB Sudwortb, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 80. 

hirta Sud worth not Engler, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 81. 

LEGUMINOSiE. 

1C32. Crotalaria anagyroides minor Micheli in Kugler, Bot. Jabrb. xvi. beibl. 

nr. 37. 1.— Guatemala. 
1653. Trifolium flavulum Greene, Pitt. ii. 223. — California. 

vireacens Greene, Pitt. ii. 223. — California. 

1660. Lotus biolettil Greene, Pitt. ii. 222.— California. 

sulphurous Greene, Pitt. ii. 293.— California. 

1662. Psoralea rigida Parisb. Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 91.— California. 
1667. Dalea dalea MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 330. 

trochilina Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 220.— Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
1670. Kuhnistera purpurea MacMillan, Metasp, Minn. Val. 329. 
1691. Robinia neo. mexicana luzurlans Dieok, Gard. Cbrou. aer. 3. xii. 669. — 

Colorado plateau and soutbern Rocky Mountains. 
1720. Astragalus grallator Watson, Zoe, iii. 52. — Colorado. 

parviflorus MacMillan, Met-asp. Minn. Val. 325. 

1734. Hedysaruxn xnackenzii leucanthum Olt?cno, Pitt. ii. 294. — Alaska. 

1750. iEschynomene petraea Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 166. — Mexico. 

1761. Meibomia arizonlca Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 117. 

canescens hirsuta Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 111. 

incana Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 118. 

lindheimeri Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 111. 

lineata poljrmorpha Vail, Bull. Toit. Club, xix. 109. 

obtusa Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 115. 

paniculata angustifolia Vail, Bull. Torr. Club. xix. 112. 

pubens Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 112. 



tweedyl Vail, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 113. 

Pleurolobus canadensis MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 319. 



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238 

1761. Pleurolobus caneBcenB MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 320. 

diUenli MacMillan, Metasp. Minu. Val. 320. 

grandiflonis MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 321. 

nudifloruB MacMillan, Metasj). Minn. Val. 321. 

paniculatUB MacMillan, Metasp. Minu. Val. 320. 

1774. Lespedeza reticulata virginica MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 318. 

1796. ApioB apioB MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club. xiz. 15. 

1815. Vigna luteola angustifolia Robinson, Proc. Anier. Acad, xxvii. 167. — Mexico. 

Btrobilophora Robinson, Proc. Araer. Acad, xxvii. 167. — Mexico. 

1910. Caesalpinia xnultiflora Robinson, Proc. Amet. Acad, xxvii. 167. — Mexico. 

1911. HofifmauBeggia caneBcena Fisher, Coutr. Nat. Herb. i. 149. — Mexico. 

■_ — falcaria capitata Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 145. — Arizona. 

demissa Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 145. 

pringlei Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 145.— Arizona. 

nisbyi Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 145. — New Mexico. 

Btricta Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 144. — Southwestern United 

States, Lower California, and Mexico. 

glabra Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 147. — Lower California. 

• intricata Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 147.-=-Lower California. 



-gladiata Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 146. — Mexico. 

- jamoBii popincenslB Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 150. — Kansas. 

- melanoBticta greggii Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 149. — Mexico. 
• parryi Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 149. — New Mexico. 



• platycarpa Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 146. — Mexico. 
■ tezenalB Fisher, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 147. — Texas. 



1993. DeBmantbus fruticoBna Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 131. — Carmen Island. 

1997. Acacia californica Brandegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2, iii. 221. — Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

2000. Albizzia occidentaliB Braudegee, Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2, iii. 222.— Lov;cr 
California. 

ROSACEiE. 

2024. Lutkea henderBonii Greene, Pitt. ii. 219. 

2025. Spiraea lucida roaea Greene, Pitt. ii. 221.— Montana, Idaho, and Washington. 
pyramidata Greene, Pitt. ii. 221. — Washington. 

2042. RubuB odoratuB columbianuB Millspaugh, Fl. West Virginia 355. — West 

Virginia. 
2044 Kunzia glanduloaa Greene, Pitt. ii. 299. 

2054. Fragaria americana Brittoa, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 222. 

2055. Potentllla eremica Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 76. — Nevada. 
purpuraBcena pinetonun Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 77. — 

Colorado. 
2062. Agrimonia molliB Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 221. 
2069. RoBa virginiana arkanaana MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 304. 
2076. CrataeguB flexiapiiia pubeBcena Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 360. 

SAXIFRAGACEiE. 

2092. Saxifraga integrifolia aierraa Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 78.— Cali- 
fornia. 

2095. Therofon aconitifolia Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 361. 

2097. Sullivantia hapemani Coulter, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 421. 

2102. Heuchera hapemani Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 348.— Wyoming. 

2111. Hydrangea arboreBcena kanawhana Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 363. — West 
Virginia. 

2168. Ribea rubrum albinervium MacMillan, MetAsp. Minn. Val. 279. 



\ 



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239 

HALORAGACE2S. 
2231. Stellaria vema MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 345. 

MTRTACEiE. 
2325. Plmenta plmenta Cockerell, Bull. Tuir. Club, xix. 95. 

ONAGRACEiE. 

2520. BpUobium minutum blolettii Greene, Pitt. ii. 296. —California. 

niviam Brandegee, Zoe, iii. 242. — California. 

subcaBsium Greene, Pitt. ii. 295. 

2528. CEnothera frutiooaa differta Millspaugli, Fl. West Va. 366.— West Virginia. 

pilosella Small and Heller, Mem. Torr. Club, iii. 26.— North 

Carolina. 
2533. Lopezia ajig;uBtifolia Robinson, Proe. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 168. — Mexico. 

LOASACEiB. 
2571. Mentselia refleza Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 74.— California. 

P ASSIFLOR ACEiE. 
2584. Passiflora palmeri Hose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 131. — Carmen Island. 

CUCURBITACEiE. 

2621. Lagenaria lagenaria Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 95. 

2678. Micrampelis leptocarpa Greene, Pitt. ii. 282. — Southern California. 

, CACTACEiE. 

2714. Opuntia baailariB ramosa Parish, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 92. — California. 
bemardina Engelmann in Parish, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 92. — Cali- 
fornia. 

UMBELLIFERiB. 

2782. Arracacia parishil Greene, Fl. Fran. 318. 
2823. Mjrrrhis ambigua Greene, Fl. Fran. 332. 

aristata MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 398. 

braohypoda Greene, Fl. Fran. 332. 

nuda Greene, Fl. Fran. 333. 

2871b. Coulterophytuni lazum Kobinson, Proc. Amor. Acad, xxvii. 169.— Mexico. "* 

ARALIACEJE. 
2962. Oreopanaz Banderianum Hemsley, Gard. Chron.ser. 3, xi. 718. — Guatemala. 

CAPRIFOLIACE.S3. 

2987. Sambucus callicarpa Greene, Fl. Fran. 342. 

maritima Greene, Pitt. ii. 297.— California. 

2991. Symphoricarpos aymphoricarpos MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club,^ix. 15. 
2995. Caprifolium hlspidalum californicum Greene, Fl. Fran. 347. 

intermptiim Greene, Fl. Fran. 347. 

ledeboarii Greene, Fl. Fran. 346. 

BubBpicatum Greene, Fl. Fran. 348. 

2997. DierviUa dierviUa MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 15. 

RUBIACEiE. 

3089. Oldenlandia pringlei Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 169.— Mexico. 
3093. HouBtonia fruticosa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 132.— Carmen Island. 



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VAI.BRIAHACEiB. 

3377. Valeriana albonerrata Robinson. Proe. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 170. 

COMPOSITE. 

3460. Enpatorimn lenunoni Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxrii. 171. — ^1 

aesciliibUiim biittoirianiini Porter, BoU. Torr. Clob, xix. Uft.— | 

Taseyi Porter, BoU. Torr. Clnb, xii. 128.— Tennessee. 

3465. Brickellia bracbiata glabraU Hose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 132-->Low«rl 
ifomia. 

deaertonun Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 68. — Califomift^ 

3469. Laciniaria aqnarrosa intermedia MacM illan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 906. 
3476. Xanthocephalom lacidom Greene, Pitt. ii. 282. — Mohave Desert and aot 
wanl. 

tomentellnm Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 172. — Mexiea. 

3479. Orindelia lanata Greene, Pitt. ii. 290. — Vancouver Island. 

patena Greene, Pitt. ii. 290. 

roboata platyphylla Greene, Pitt. ii.. 289. — California. 

rabrioaolia maritima Greene, Pitt. ii. 289. — California. 

3488. Aplopappaa interior Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 65. — California. 
3493. Solidago booitU yadkinenais Porter, Mem. Torr. Club, iii. 27; Bnll. Ti 
Clnb, xix. 129 — North Carolina. 

htunilia microcephala Porter, Bnll. Torr. Club. xix. 129. — Maine. 

nemoralia mollia MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 510. 

apecioaa erecta MacMillan, Meta.sp. Minn. Val. 513. 

pallida Porter, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 130.— Canada and Colorado. 

miaaonrienaia faacicnlata Holzinger, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 2C* 

Texas to Missouri. 

pubemla monticola Porter, Bull. Torr. Clnb, xix. 129. — Maine a 

New li^nmpshire. 
roauensia Porter, Bull. Torr. Clob, xix. 130. — North Carolina. 



3525. Belli a purpuraacena Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 172. — Mexico. 
3544. Aster asteroidea MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 524. 

cordifolioa inciaoa Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 224.— New York a 

P«*nii.Hylvania. 

lateriflonia hirauticanlia Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 383. 

puaiceua lucidua MacMillan, Metasp. MinQ. Val. 517. 



3561. Erigeron calvus Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 69. — California. 

heteromorphua Robinson, Proc. Amor. Acad, xxvii. 173. — Mexico. 

hyperboreua Greene, Pitt. ii. 227. — Alaska. 

leptophyllna Greene, Pitt. ii. 226. — California. 

turner! Greene, Pitt. ii. 227. — Alaska. 

3603. Stylocline arizonica Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 79. — Arizona. 
3658. Ereminula howeUii Greene, Pitt. ii. 248. 

3751. Melampodium longipilum Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 173. — Mexit 
3782. Rumfordia connata Brandegee, Zoe, iii. 241. — Low«,r California. 
3794. Sabazia michoacana Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xjcvii. 173. — Mexico. 
3797. Gynmolomia caneacena Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 174. — Mexico 
3822. Tithonia brachypappa Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 174. — Mexico. 
3832. Verbeaina potoaina Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 175. — Mexico. 
' pringlei Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 175. — Mexico. 



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241 

35. Spilanthea beccabunga panmla Robitison, Proc. Anier. Acad, xxvii. 176. — 
Mexico. 

disciformis Robinson, Proc. Araer. Acad, xxvii. 176. — Mexico. 

SX, laeptosyne pinnata Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 176.— Mexico. 
C5. Blepharipappus camosus Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

chrysanthemoideB Greene. Pitt. ii. 247. 

douglasli Greene, Pitt. ii. 247. 

elegans Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

fremonti Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

gaillardioides Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

graveolens Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

heterotrichuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 245. 

hieracioides Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

hiapidns Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

jonesii Greene, Pitt. ii. 247. 

nutanB Greene, Pitt. ii. 247. 

oreganuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

pentachaetuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

platyglosBUB Greene, Pitt. ii. 246. 

65a. G^iBBolepis Buaedeefolia Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 177.— Mexico. 

76. Callichroa nutana Greene, Pitt. ii. 227.— California. 

17. Flaveria anomala Robinson, Proc. Amer. 'Acad, xxvii. 178. — Mexico. 

19. Porophyllum pringlei Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 178.— Mexico. 

'89. Artemiaia gnaphalodea MacMillan, Metosp. Minn. Yal. 551. 

»2S. Senecio aureuB pauperculuB MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 557. 

millefolium memmingeri Brit ton, Mem. Torr. Club, iii. 17. — North 

Carolina. 

ovatus MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 555. 

reniformia MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 555. 



PBacalium strlctum Greene, Pitt. ii. 228. 
•29. Lepidospartum Btrlatum Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 73. — Nevada. 
>78. Cnicus ezcelBior Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 179. — Mexico. 
.54. Perezla michoacana Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 179. — Mexico. 
!01. Taraxacum taraxacum MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 15, 
:62. Lobelia inflata aimplez Millspaugh, FI. West. Va. 398. 
i62a. Bolelia homiliB Greene, Pitt. ii. 226.— California. 

VACCINIACEiB. 
S23. OxycoccuB oxycoccus MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 15. 

PRIMULACEiB. 
137. Androaaoe cineraBcenB Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 180. — Mexico. 

APOCYNACBJE. 

S99. Amsonia ciliata texana Coulter, Contr. Nat. Herb. ii. 262. — Texas. 

ASCLBPIADACEiC. 

742. ABClepiaa auriculata Holzinger, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 125,160, not Kunth. 

799. DictyanthuB tuberoBUB Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 180. — Mexico, 

BOX. Gk>nolobuB auberlferuB Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 181. — Mexico. 

LOGANIACEiC. 
898. Buddleia utahenBlB Coville^ Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 69. — Utah. 



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242 

OBNTIANACXUB. 

4955. Qentiana amerioana MncMillaii, Metasp. Minu. Val. 421. 

linearis rubricaulis MacMillan. Metasp. Minn. Val. 419. 

4959. Frasera tubulosa Covillt), Proo. Biol. Soo. Wash. vii. 71.— Califomim. 

POLEMONIACXLSl 

4967. Phlox kelseyi Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 225.— MonUna, North Dakota, 
and Black HilU. 

4969. Gilia maculata Parinli, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 93.— California. 

setOBiBsima punctata Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 72. — CaM- 

fomia. 
LinanthuB acicularis (rreene, Pitt. ii. 259. — California. 

amblg;uas Greene, Pitt. ii. 256. 

androsaceuB Greene, Pitt. ii. ^8. 

aureus Greene, Pitt. ii. 257. 

beUus (irecne, Pitt. ii. 2.56. 

bicolor Greene, Pitt. ii. 260. 

bigelovii Greene, Pitt. ii. 253. 

bolanderi Greene, Pitt. ii. 255. 

breviculus Greene,. Pitt. ii. 259. 

ciliatus Greene, Pitt. ii. 260. 

— : moutanus Greene, Pitt. ii. 260. — Sierra Kevad*. 

demissus Greene, Pitt. ii. 2.57. 

dianthiflorus (ireene, Pitt. ii. 254. 

filipes GretMie. Pitt. ii. 255. 

grandiflorus (ireene, Pitt. ii. 260. 

harknessii Greene, Pitt. ii. 255. 

jonesii Greene, Pitt. ii. 2.51. 

lemmoni Greene, Pitt. ii. 257. 

liniflorus Greene, Pitt. ii. 254. 

parryae Greene, Pitt. ii. 2.56. 

parviflorus Greene, Pitt. ii. 258. 

pharnaceoides Greene, Pitt. ii. 254. 

pusillus Greene, Pitt. ii. 2.55. 

rattani Greene, Pitt. ii. 2.57. 

rosaceus Greene, Pitt. ii. 259. 

4970. Polemonium van-bruntise Britton, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 224. — New Terk. 

Vermont, Now Jerst^y, and Maryland. 

HTDROPHTLLACEiC. 

4978. Phaoelia namatostyla Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad.xxvii. 181.— Mexico. 
perityloides Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. vii. 75.— California. 

BORAGINACE.S3. 

4997. Beurera laevigata Millspangh, FI. West Ya. 361. 

5026. Lappula deflexa americana MacMillan, Metanp. Minn. Val. 440. 
redowskii pilosum MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 441. 

5027. Allocary a stricta Greene, Pitt. ii.231. — California. 
Cryptanthe bartolomaei Greene, Pitt. ii. 232. — Lower California. 

kelseyana Greene, Pitt. ii. 232.— Montana. 

Plagiobothrys californicus Greene, Pitt. ii. 231. 

-—^ namoestris Greene. Pitt. ii. 282. 



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243 

5056. LithoBpermum calcioola Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 182.~Moxico. 

revolutum Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 182. — Mexico. 

carolinenae MacMillan, Metaep. Minn. Val. 438. 

CONVOLVULACEiB. 

5077. Ipomcsa carletoni Holzinger, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 211. — Indian Territory. 

ornithc^oda Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 183. — Mexico. 

5088. Breweria mexicana floribunda Vilhida, La Naturaleza, ser. 2. ii. 127. — 

Mexico. 
5104. Coacuta gronovii saururi MacMillan, Metiisp. Minn. Val. 130. 

SOLANACEiB. 

5129. Phyaalodes phyaaloidea MiUspaugb, Fl. West. Va. 416. 

SCROPHULARIACBiB. 

5215. Pentstemon davidsonii Greene, Pitt. ii. 241.— California. 
fniticosuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 239. 



- montanuB Greene, Pitt. ii. 240.— Yellowstone Park. 
penBtemon MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 15. 



5218. CollinBia arvensia Greene, Pitt. ii. 252. — California. 

BIGNONIACiB. 
5467. Tabebuia donneU-Bmithii Rose, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 418.— Mexico. 

ACANTHACEiB. 
5616. Beloperone fragilia Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acail. xxvii. 183.— Mexico. 

VERBENACEiB. 

5660. LeptOBtachya leptOBtachya MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 443. 
5680. Lippia lantanoides Coulter, Contr. Nat. Herb. ii. 328.— Texas. 

LABIATiB. 

5755. PeriUa ocymoideB criapa Millspangb, Fl. West. Va. 424. 

5760. LycopuB lucidus obtoBifolioB MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 453. 

5765. KcBllia flezuoBa Millspangh, Fl. West Va. 424. 

tulUa Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 425. 

5780. AcinoB TulgazlB MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 451. 
5793. Salvia clevelsndi Greene, Pitt. ii. 236. 

leacophylla Greene, Pitt. ii. 236. 

mellifera Greene, Pitt. ii. 236. 

mohavenBis Greene, Pitt. ii. 235. 

palmeri Greene not Gray, Pitt. ii. 236. 

BonomenBlB Greene, Pitt. ii. 236. 

spathacea Greene, Pitt. ii. 236. 

5796. Ramona polystachya Greene, Pitt. ii. 235. 

5810. Scutellaria integrifolia hyBBopifolia Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 427.— West 

Virginia. 
5870. MirabillB augustifoliuB MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 216. 

hirBUtUB Mac Millan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 217. 

nvctaeineuB MacMillan, Metasp. Minn* Val. 217. 



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244 

mr CTAGINACE2S. 

5874. Bcsrhavia anisophylla paniculata Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. ^tR- 

^ Texas. 
5882. Abronia carletoni Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 349. — Eantem Cok 
rado. 
Buksdorfii Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 348. — Waahiugion. 

ILLECEBRACEiE. 

5898. Neckeria aurea Millspangh, Fl. West Va. 327. 

flavula Millspaugh. Fl. West Va. 327. 

glauca Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 327. 

micrantha MacMillau, Metasp. Minn. Val. 255. 

AMARANTACEiE. 

5960. Gk^mphrena nealle3ri Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 349. — ^Texas. 
pringlei Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 349. — Mexico. 

5961. FrcBllchia gracilis drummondii Holzinger, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 214. 

floridana Holzinger, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 197, 214. 

tezana Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 350. — Western Texas. 

CHENOPODIACEiE. 

5979. Atrlplez cordulata Jepson, Pitt. ii. 304. — California. 

depressa Jepson, Pitt. ii. 304. — Califonila. 

fruticuloBa Jepson, Pitt. ii. 306. — California. 

trinervat a Jepson, Pitt. ii. 305. — California. 

verna Jepson, Pitt. ii. 305. — California. 

6042. Sarcobatus baileyi Coville, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wa«h. vii. 77.— California an 
Nevada. 

POLTGONACEiB. 

6070. Eriogonum davidsonii Greene, Pitt. ii. 295.~Califomia. 

pringlei Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 351. — Arizona. 

tezanum Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 350. — Western Texas. 

6084. Polygonum alpinum foliosum Small, Bull. Ton*. Club, xix. 360. 

bistortoides linearifolium Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 352. 

femigineum incanum Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 359. 

hydropiperoides strigosum Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 355.— Car 

ada, Indiana, and West Virginia. 

mexicanum Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 356. — Mexico. 

microspermum Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 366. 

phytolaccaefolium Meisner in Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 360.- 

California. 

pringlei Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 357.— Mexico. 

pimctatum leptostachyum Small, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 356. 

6088. Rumez geyeri Trelease, Rev. Rumex, 78. 

PIPERACEiE. 

6145. Peperomia inquilina Hemsley, Gard. chrun. ser. 3, xii. 428. — Mexico an 
Guatemala. 

LAURACEiE. 

6193. Cinuamomum cinnamomum Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Club, xix, ^. 
6195. Peraea persea Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Club, xix, 95. 



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245 

LORANTHACEiB. 
»317. Razoumofskya douglasii abietinum Greoue, Fl. Fran. 341.— California. 

EUPHORBIA CEiE. 

>370. Euphorbia carmenensis Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 133.— Carmen iHland. 

neaUeyi Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 351. — Western Texas. 

polyphylla Engelniann in Holzinger, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 215. — Florida. 

Btrictior Holzinger, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 214. — Texas. 

;488. Manihot manihot Cockerell, Bull. Torr. Clnb, xix. 95. 
»504. Riciuella vaseyi Coulter and Fisher, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 351. 

JUGLANDACEiC. 

i695. Bcoria minima MaeMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 178. 
ovata MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 178. 

CUPULITERJE. 

>706. Ostrya OBtrya MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 187. 

'»708. Quercus brittoni Davis, Seient. Anier. Sept. 3, 1892, p. 145. -Stafccn Island, 

N. Y. 
•710. CaBtanea castanea americana Sudworth, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 152. 

dentata Sudworth, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 153. 

dentata Sudworth, Bull. Torr. Clnb, xix. 154. 

ORCHIDACEiB. 

•756. Leptorohis IcBBelii MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 173. 
»76I. Corallorhiza corallorhiza MacMillan, Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 15. 
•906. OdontoglosBum platycheilum Weathers, Gard. chron. ser. 3, xi. 5S7. — Cen- 
tral America. 
1992. Gyrostachya romanzowiana MacMillan, Metnsp. Minn. Val. 171. 
066. Habenaria maritima (ireene, Pitt. ii. 298. — California. 

^prlnglei Kobiuson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 184.— Mexico. 

088. Cypripedium pusillum Roite, Kew Bull. 1^92. 211.— Florida. 

IRIDACEiC. ^ 

'226. Tigridia pulchella Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 184. — Mexico. 
'248. Sioyrinchium thurowi Coulter and Fisher, Rot. Gaz. xvii. 352. — Texas. 

AMARTLLIDACE.S3. 

'337. Agave decipiena Baker, Kew Bull. 1892. 184.— Florida. 

engelmanni Trelease, Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 1891. 167. — In cultivation. 

LILIACEiZ;. 

.'357. Smilaz rotundifolia crenulata Small and Heller, Mem. Torr. Club, iii. 

17. — North Carolina. 
'407. Yucca hanburii Baker, Kew Bull. 1892. 8. — Rocky Mountains. 
431. Anthericum serotinum Baker in Kiij^ler, Bot. Jalirb. xv. beibl. nr. 35. 9.— 

Arkansas. 
468. Brevoortia venusta Greene, Pitt. ii. 23(>. — California. 
510. FritiUaria coccinea Greene, Pitt. ii. 2.50. , 

linearis Coulterand Fishor, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 352. — Dakota. 

recurva coccinea Greene, Pitt. ii. 230. — California, 

19865— :No. 7 2 



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246 

7553. Trillium ereotum declinatmn MillApaagh, FL West Va. ^^3. — West To- 
giuia. 

PONTEDERIACRS. 
75G3. Heteranthara dnbia MacMiilan, MeUsp. Minn. YaL 1C3. 

X7RIDACEJB. 
7563. Zyris montana Rios, Bnll. Torr. Clnb. xix. 38.— Montana 

COMBfEIiTNACEJB. 
7508. Tradescantia anguatifolia Robinson, Proc. Amor. Acad, xxvii. 1S3. — Mexico 

JTJNCACE2. 
7611. Cypcrella campestzia mnltiflora MacMillan Mctasp. Minn. VaL 143. 

PALM2S. 

7660. Cham»dorea stolonifera Wcndland in Hooker, Bot. Mag. cxvili. 71263.- 
Mcxico. 

IiX!MNACE.XI. 

7059. Grantia braaHienais MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 134. 
Columbiana MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 135. 

ERIOCAULACXLS 
7891. Eriocaulon bilobatnm Morong, Bull. Torr. Club. xlx. 22G. — Mexico. 

CYTBRACBJB, 

7923. Cjrpcnis diandnis elongatua Britton, Bnll. Torr. Club. xix. 226.— Xei^ 

York and Now Joreey. 
7934. Soirpus americanus longlapicatas Britton, Trans. li. Y. Acad. si. 78.— Ncir 

Mexico and Colorado. 

■ californicuB Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 79. 
oylindricuB Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 79. 

cyperinuB eriophonim Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 83, 

mexicanuB Clarke, in Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 77. 

nanus anachaetus Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 75. 

peckii Britton. Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 82.— Now York and Connccticnt. 

sylvaticus microcarpus MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 97. 

triangularis MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 99. 

7955. Rhynchospora alba macra Clarke in Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acr.d. xi. 88.- 

Florida and Texas. 
axillaris microcephala Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 80. — 5few 

Jersey to Florida and Louisiana. 

. comiculata macrostachya Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xL 81 

patula Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 84. 

corymbiformis Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 86. 

corymbosa Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 84. 

. oymosa oompressa Clarke in Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. M. 

■ I ■ - 4i»tww t^»uii» Brittou, Tr»u9. N. Y. Acad. xi. 90, 



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247 

7955. Rhynohospora fuscoides Clarke in Britton, Trans. K. T. Acad. xi. 89. 

glomerata diBcatienB Clarke in Britton, Trans. N.Y.Acad, xi. 89. — 

New Jersey, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and District of Columbia. 

« leptocarpa Chapman in Britton, Trans. N, Y. Acad. xi. 88. — 

South Carolina, Florida, and Alabama. 

• minor Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 89. — Now Uampshiro and 



Massachusetts. 

— intermedia Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 87. 

— sohcsnoides Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 92. 

— setaoea MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 104. 
■ tracyl Britton, Trans. N. Y. Acad. xi. 84. 



7988. Carez bella Bailey, Bot. Gaz. xvii, 152. — Colorado, Utah, and Arizona. 

herbariorum Bailey, Bot. Gaz. xvit. 150. 

lupulina longipedonculata Sartwell in MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. 

Val. 129. 

montanensia Bailey, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 152. — British America. 

ptinglei Bailey, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 151. — ^Mexico. 

vaiia australis Bailey, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 153. — Texas. 

zerantica Bailey, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 151. — British America. 

GRAMINEiB. 

7991. Tripsaoom floridanum Porter in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 6; Bull. Torr. 
Club, xix. 130.— Florida. 

lenmioni Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 6. — Arizona. 

8020. Andropogon argyraeus tenuis Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 12. — Texas. 

macrourus pumilluB Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 11. — Texas. 

mohrii Hackel in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 11.— Florida, Alabama, 

and Mississippi. 
Chrysopogon wrightii Munro in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 9. — Florida. 
8045. Paspalum drummondii Vasey, Coutr. Nat. Herb. iii. 18. — Florida and Texas. 

furcatum villosum Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 16. — North Carolina, 

Florida, and Texas. 
— — l8Bve brevifolium Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 18. — Massachusetts to 
Texas. 

• pubiflorum glaucum Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 19. 

setaceum ciliatifolium Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 17.— Maryland 

to Florida and Texas. 
8048. Eriochloa longifolia Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 21. 

punctata minor Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 21. — Texas. 

— ^ sericea Munro in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 21. — Texas and Now 

Mexico. 
8050. Panicum crus-galli muticum Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 37. 

sanguinale simpsoni Vasey, Coutr. Nat. Herb. iii. 25.— Florida and 

Mississippi. 
8059. Chamaeraphis yiridis Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 466. 

8085. Phalaris intermedia microstachya Vasey, Coutr. Nat. Herb, iii. 42. -Flor- 
da to Texas. 

lemmoni Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 42.— California. 

8089. Aristida californica fugitiva Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 49.— Colorado. 

divergens Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 48. — Texas to Arizona. 

floridana Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 48. 

humboldtiana minor Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 47.— Texas, Ari^ 

zona to California. 
DeaUeyi Vtwey, Contr. Nat. Herb, iii, 45,— ToxWi 



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Tmct. Cmmtr. Xax. Hcr^ in. 45L — Tbcida. 

Vmtt, C^mtr. Xat. HcrK tiL ««.— iSovthen 

V»pT. Co«tr. X»t. Bert. in. 47.— Teia* t0 Cit 

I Tjisry, COTitr. 5at. HcrK iiL 46. 
I Vm«t, C«Btr. Xat. Hcr^. iiL 47.— Texas. 
L VMer, C«atr. Xst. Hcr^. iiL 46.— Texao. 
L Vai*y, C«etr. Xat. Herb. iiL 44.— Texas. 

stxicta coiiilt— ■!! Ymtx *^ SrriVMr im Vacey, Contr. Xat. HerK 

iiL 45.— Florida. 
8090. Stiptt cadoca S«ribi»er in Vaaer. Costr. Nat. Herb. iiL »!.— Mootana. 

*—*«»*■** anderaooli Taaey, Cootr. Xat. Herb. iiL 51. — Lower Cal^ 

fomia. 
■ pfin^lei Scribner in Vaaev, Contr. Xat. Herb. iiL 54. — Mexico and An- 

zona. 

lemm o wl Va«ej, Contr. Xat- Herb. iiL 55. — California. 

s'rictm ^>aniflorm Vaaer, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 51. — Oregon id^ 

Waaliini^on. 

Tixidola le ttemi am Vaeer, Contr. Xai. Herb. iii. 50. 

' ndnor Vaacy, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 50. 

pobeacens VaMj, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 50. — ^Xerada aod 



Oregon. 
8096. Muhlenbergia capOlaria trichopedes Vaaer. Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 66. 

dnmoaa Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Xat, Herb. iiL 71. — Arizona, Mexico, 

and son them California. 

emersleyi Vasey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 66. — Arizona. 

hoachncana Va«ey. Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 69. — Arizona. 

panrlglninis Vascy, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 71. — ^Texa«. 

prin^lei Scribner in Vaaey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 71. — Arizona. 

• reverchoiii Vasey and Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 66.- 



Tcxan. 
8097. Brachyeljtnun aristostun glabratmn Vasey in Millspangh, FI. W. Va. 

469.— West Virginia. 
8107. Alopectinia pratensia alpestris Va«ey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 86. — Colorado, 

Idaho, and Montana. 
8111. Sporoboloa aaper dnunmondii Vaaey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 60. 

asperifolioa major Vasey, Contr. Xat. Herb, iii, 64.— Texas. 

; aoriculatus Vauey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 64. 

crjrptandrus flexuosns ThnrbcT in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 62.- 

Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona to Texas. 
minor Vaaey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 60.— Virginia, Illinois, Missoan- 



Sonth Carolina, and Texas. 

vaginaefloras Vasey, Contr. Xat. Herb. iii. 60. — Maine to Texas. 



8112. Epicampes ligulata Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 58. — Texas to 
Arizona, ami Mexico. 

8119. Cinna pendula bolanderi Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 57. 
mutica Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 57. — Oregon. 

8120. AgroBtiB alba minor Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 78.— Unite<l States. 

canina Btolonifera Vasey, Coutr., Nat. Herb. iii. 75. — Oregon. 

denaiflora Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 72. 

arenaria Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 72. 

littorale Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 72. 

diegoenaia folioaa Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 74. 

• hallii Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 74.— Oregon, Washington, and 



California. 



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249 

8021. Agrostis hallil califomlca Vasey, Coutr. Nat. Herb. lii. 74. — California. 

howellii Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 76.— Oregon. 

miorophylla major Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 58, 72. — California. 

novse-anglias Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 76. 

perennanB asBtivaliB Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 76. — Illinois. 

Tennessee, and southward. 

rosaaB Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 76. — ^Wyoming. 

-rubra alpina MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 65. 



8124. Calamagrostis aleutica axie;usta Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 80. — Cali- 
furnia. 

canadensis dubia Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 80. 

curtiBsi Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 85. 

dubia Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 80. 

macouniana Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 81. 

montanensis Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 82.— Montana. 

pallida Vasey and Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iiL 79.— Wash- 
ington. 

robusta Vasey. Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 82. 

suksdorfii Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 82. — British Amer- 
ica and northwestern Ignited States. 

sylvatica americana Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 83. — British America 

and western United States. 

- longifolia Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 83. 



twcedyi Scribner in Vasey, Contr. Nat. Herb. iii. 83. — Washington. 

8205. Phragmites phragmites MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 73. 
8207. Sieglingia ouprea Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 471. 
8212. Eragrostis eragrostis MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 75. 
8250. Bcolochloa arundinacea MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 79. 
8252. Panicularia c^mericana MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Val. 81. 
8279. Hystrlx hystrix Millspaugh, Fl. West Va. 474. 

CONIFERJE. 

8309. Plnus attenuata Lemmon, Mining and Scientific Press, Jan. 16, 1892; Card, 
and For. v. 65. 



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I 



n.-AIiPnABETIC INDEX. 



Abronia 

carletoni. 

Buksdorfii. 
Acacia 

califomica. 
Acer 

saccbarum floridanuin. 
Acinos vulgaris 
^scbynomeue 

petrsea. 
Agave 

decipiens. 

engelmaimi. 
Agrimonia 

mollis. 
Agrostis 

alba minor. 

canina stolonifera. 

densiflora. 

densiflora areuuria. 

densiflora littorale. 

diegoeneis foliosa 

hallii. 

hallii californica. 

howellii. 

microphylla major. 

novee anglise. 

perennaus uBstivalis. 

rossse. 

rubra alpina. 
Albizzia 

occidentalis. 
AHocarya 

stricta. 
Alopecurus 

pratensis alpestrls. 
Alyssiim 

americauum. 
AiqHonia 

ciliata texana. 
Andropogon 

argyrseus tenuis. 

macrourus pumilus. 

mobrii. 

250 



Androsace 

cinerascens. 
Anemone 

dicbotoma canadensis. 

birsutissima. 

nemorosa grayi. 
Antbericnm 

serotinum. 
Apios 

apios. 
AplopappuB 

int#»rior. 
Arctomecon 

bumile. 

merriami. 
Arenaria. 

compacta. 
Aristida 

californica fugitiva. 

divergens. 

floridana. 

bumboldtiana minor. 

nealleyi. 

palustris. 

purpurasceus minor. 

purpurea californica. 

purpurea fendleriana. 

purpurea micrantba. 

revercboni angtista. 

simplici folia texana. 

stricta condensata. 
Arracacia 

pari3bii. 
Artemisia 

gnapbalodes, 
Asclepias 

auriculata. 
Aster 

asteroides. 

cordifolius incisns. 

lateriflorus birsutioaulis. 

punicens lucidus. 
Astragalus 

grallator. 



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251 



Astragalus — Continued. 

parv'iflorus. 
Atriplex 

eordulata. 
depressa. 
fruticulosa. 
trinervata. 
verna. 
Barbarea 

barbarea. 
Bellis 

pnrpurascena. 
BeloperQne 
fragilis. 
Beurera 

laevigata. 
Bicuculia 

canadensis, 
cucullaria. 
eximiua. 
Blopliaripappus 
caruosuH. 

chrysanthemoides. 
douglasii. 
elegaus. 
fremonti. 
gaillardioides. 
graveulens. 
hoterotricbus. 
bieracioides. 
biapidua. 
jonesii. 
nutans, 
oreganus. 
pentacbaetus -• 
platyglossus. 
Bcprbavia 

anisopbylla panicnlata. 
Bolelia 

buiuilis. 
Bracbyelytmm 

arintosum glabratom. 
Brevoortia 

veunsta. 
Breweria 

mexicana floribnnda. 
Brickellia 

bracbiata glabrata. 
desertorum. 
Bnddleia 

ntabensis. 
CsBsalpinia 

mnltiflora. 
Calaraagrostis 

aleutica angnsts. 



Calamagrostis — Continued, 
canadensis dubia. 
curtissi. 
dubia. 
maconniana. 
nmntanensis. 
pallida, 
robusta. 
suksdortii. 
sylvatica americana. 
sylvatica longifolia. 
twee<lyi. 
Callicbroa 

nutans. 
Caltba 

leptoscpala bowel! ii. 
leptosepala rotundifolia. 
palustris arctica. 
palustris asari folia, 
palnstris flabelli folia 
palustris parnassifolia. 
palustris typica. 
Carpri folium 

bispidulum californicoixu 
interruptum. 
ledebourii. 
subspicatum. 
Card amine 

arenicola. 
Carex 
bella. 

berbariorum. 

lupuliua longipedunculata. 
montanensis. 
pringlei. 
varia australis. 
xerantica. 
Castanea 

castanea americana. 
castanea deutata. 
dentata. 
Cerastium 

arvensc bracteatnm. 
grande. 
Chama»dorea 

stolon ifera. 
Cbamaerapbis 

viridis, 
Cbrysopogon 
wrigbtii. 
Cinna 

pendula bolanderi. 
pendula mutica. 
Cinnamomnni 
clnnamomum. 



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252 



Claytonia 

uubigera. 
Cleome 

potosina. 
Cnicus 

excelsior. 
Collinsia 

arvensis. 

Coptis 

asplenium biternata. 

occidentalis bowellii. 
Corallorbiza 

corallorbiza. 
Coulteropbytum 

laxuin. 
CratieguB 

flexispina piibescens. 
Crotalaiia 

auagyroides miDor. 
Cryptanthe 

bartolomo;!. 

kelseyana. 
Cuscuta 

gronovii saururi. 
Cyperella 

eampestris. 
Cyperus 

diandrus elougatus. 
Cypripedium 

pusillum. 
Dab?a 

dalea. 

troebilina. 
Dolpbiiiiura 

besperiuiu banseni. 

oriiatum. 

variegatum apiculatum. 
Dcsniantbiis 

frutioosua. 
Diantbera 

iiicert^i. 
Dictyanthua 

tuberoHiis. 
Dicrvilla 

diorvilla. 
Drymaria 

diffusa. 
Epicampes 

lignlata 
Epilobiuin 

minutum biolettli. 

iiiviuni. 

subca*sium. 
Eragrostis . 

eragrostis. 



Ereminnla 

boweUii, 
Erigeron 

calva. 

beteromorpbus. 

byperboreus. 

leptopbyllaa. 

turneri. 
Eriocaulon. 

bilobatnm. 
Eriocbloa 

long! folia. 

sericea. 
Eriogonum 

davidsonii. 

pringlei. 

texanum. 
Erysimum 

asperum perenne. 

inconspicumu. 
Escbscholtzla 

amblgua. 
Eupatoriiim 

lemmoui 

sessilifolium brittonianum. 

vaeeyi. 
Eupborbia 

carmeiieusis. 

nealleyi. 

polypbylla. 

strictior. 
Flaveria 

anomala. 
Fragaria 

aroericana. 
Frascra 

tubulosa. 
Fritillaria 

coccinea. 

linearis. 

recurva coccinea. 
FrcBlifbia 

gracilis drummondii. 

gracilis flOridaua. 

texana. 
Geissolepis. 

suteda^folia, 
Geutiana 

amerlcana. 

linearis. 
Gilia 

maculata. 

setosissima punctata. 
Gompbrena 

neallevi. 



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253 



Oompbrena — Continued, 


Kcellla 


pringlei. 


flexnosa. 


GoDolobus 


tnllia. 


ftuberiferns. 


Kubnistera 


Ormntia 


purpurea. 


braziliensis. 


Kunzia 


ooiuoibiana. 


glaudulosa. 


Oiiodelia 


Laciniaria 


lauata. 


aqarrosa iutermodia. 


patens. 


Lagenaria 


robasta platypbylla. 


lagenaria. 


rtibricanlis maritima. 


Lappula 


Oaaznma 


deflexa aniericana. 


giiaznma. 


redowHkii piloaum. 


Gymnolomia 


Lepidospartum 


cancscena. 


atriatuin. 


Gyrostachysz 


Lei)torebi8 


romanowiana. 


loeselii. 


Habenaria 


Leptoatacbya 


mnritima. 


leptoataebyo. 


pringlei. 


Leptoayne 


Hedyaarum 


pinnata. 


mackenzii leucantbum. 


Lespedeza 


Hesperalcea. 


reticulata virginioa. 


nialacbroidos. 


Leaquerella 


Heterantbera. 

dnbia. 
Heiicbcra 


argentca. 


Leuconynipbffia 


bapemani. 


odorata. 


Hoflfinanseggia 


Linantbus 


cancscens. 


aoicularia. 


falcaria capitata. 


ambiguua. 


falcaria demissa. 


androaaccuB. 


falcaria pringlei. 


anreua. 


falcaria rusbyi. 


bellua. 


falcaria stricta. 


bicolor. 


glabra. 


bigelovii. 


intricata. 


bolanderi. 


gladiata. 


breviculua. 


jainesii popind^nsis. 


eilirttua. 


melanosticta greggii. 


oiliatua mo n tan us. 


melanostieta parry i. 


dcmisaua 


platycarpa. 


diantbillorua. 


texensis. 


filipca. 


Honstonia 


grandiflorns. 


fruticosa. 


barkncasii. 


Hydrangea 


jonesii. 


arhorescens kauawbana. 


Icmmoui. 


Hyatrix 


liniflorus. 


bystrix. 


parry ro. 


Ipomcpa 


parviilorus. 


carle ton i. 


2>barnnceoidc3 


ornitbopoda. 


Xmaillus. 


Isonieris 


rattnni. 


arborea globosa. 


roaaceuB. 


Jackson ia 


Lippia 


dodccandra. 


lantanoidos. 


• 


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254 



LithoBpcrmum 

calcicola. 

cnrolinense. 

reviilntum. 
Lobelia 

iuflata simplex. 
Lopezia 

angustifolia. 
Lotus 

bioletiii. 

sulpliureus. 
Lutkea 

heudersonii. 
Lycopus 

lucidus obtusLfolius. 
Manihot 

niauihot. 
Meibomia 

arizonica. 

canadonse birsuta. 

incana. 

lindheimeri. 

lineata polymorpba. 

obtusa. 

pauiculata uugiisti folia. 

paniculata pubeus. 

tweedy i. 
Melampodium 

loDgipiluin. 
Mentzelia 

reflex a. 
Micranipelis 

leptocarpa. • 
Mirabilis 

angustifolia. 

birsutuB. 

nyctagincus. 
Mublenbergia 

capillar is tricopodcs. 

dninosa. 

emersleyi. 

huacbncana. 

parviglumis. 

pringlel. 

revercboni. 
Myosnrus 

aristatuB Bcssilifloms. 

breviscapns. 

breviscapus californioiui. 

pringlel. 
Myrrbis 

ambigua. 

arista ta. 

bracbvpoda. 

uuda. 



Nasturtium 

nasturtium. 
Neckeria 

aurea. 

flavula. 

giauca. 

micrantba. 
Nelumbo. 

nelumbo. 
Odontoglossum. 

platycbellnm. 
(Enothera 

fruticosa diflerta. 

fruticosa pilosclla 
Oldenlandia 

pnnglei. 
Opuutia 

basilaris rauiosa. 

bernardiua. 
Oreopauax 

sanderiauum. 
Ostrya 

ostrya. 
Oxycoccus 

oxy coccus. 
Pauicularia 

amcricaua. 
Panicum 

crus-galli muticnm. 

sanguinale simpsoni. 
Paspalunt 

dnimraondii. 

furcatum villosnm. 

IsBve brevifolium. 

pubiflorum glaucuin. 

setacenm ciliatifoliunu 
Passiflora 

palmer] . 
Pentstemon 

davidsonil. 

fruticosus. 

moutanus. 

peutstemon* 
Peperoraia. 

inquilina. 
Perezia 

micboacana 
Perilla 

ocyraoides crispa. 
Pcrsea 

pcrsca. 
Pbacelia 

namatostyla. 

porityloidcs. 
Ph alar is 

intermedia microcstacbya. 



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255 



Phalaris — Cou tinned. 

lemiuoui. 
Phlox 

kelseyi. 
Phragmites 

phragmites. 
Physalodes 

physnloidca. 
Pimenta 

pimenta. 
Pinus 

attenuata. 
Plagiobothrys 

californicns. 

campestris. 
Platystemon 

califomicus crinitos. 

denticiilatus. 

tonreyi. 
Pleurobolua 

canadensis. 

canescens. 

dillenii. 

grandiflorus. 

nndiflorus. 

paniculatus. 
Poleraonium 

vau-bruiitise. 
Polygonum 

alpinum foliosum. 

bistortoides llnoarifolinm. 

ferrnginenm iiicanuui. 

hydropiperoidea strigosum. 

mexicanura. 

microspermnm. 

phytolacctefulium. 

pringlei. 

punctatum leptostacbyum. 
Porophyllnm 

pringlei. 
Potentilla 

eremica. 

puriinrascens pinetorum. 
Psacalium 

strictum. 
Psoralea 

rigida. 
Qnercna 

brittoni. 
Ramona 

polystachya. 
Ranunculna 

alianiellas. 

biolettii. 

califomicus canoscens. 



Ranuncnlus — Continued. 

califomicus cuneatua. 

califomicus lieius. 

califomicus latilobua. 

glaberrimua ellipticus. 

lacustris terreatris. 

macounii. 

turneri. 
Razoumofskya 

douglasii abietlnum. 
Rhus 

americanus. 

hirta. 
Rbyncbospora 

alba niacra. 

axillaris microcepbala. 

comiciilata macrostacliya. 

comiculata patula. 

corynibiformis 

corymboaa. 

cymosa compressa, • 

distaus tenuis. 

fuscoides. 

glonierata discuticns. 

glomerata leptocarpa, 

glomerata uiiuor. 

intermedia. 

acbcDUoides. 

aetacea. 

tracyi. 
Ribea 

rubrum. 
Ricinella 

vaaeyi. 
Robiuia 

neo-mexicana Inxurians 
Rosa 

virginiana arkanaana. 
Rubua 

odoratua columbiauus. 
Rumox 

geyeri. 
Rumfordia 

connata. 
Babazia 

miclioacaua. 
Salvia 

clevelandl. 

leucopbylla, 

mellifera. 

roobavenais. 

palmeri. 

aonomeusis. 

spatbacea. 



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256 



Sambuciis 

callicarpa. 
maritima. 
Sarcobatim. 
baileyi. 
Saxifraga 

integritblia sierra*. 
Scirpua 

americaniis lougispieatus. 
californicus. 
cylindricus 
eyperinus eriopkorum. 
mexicanus. 
nanus adaehietiis. 
peckii. 

Bylvaticus microcarpos. 
triaugularis. 
Scolochloa 

arundinacea. 
Scoria 

minima, 
ovata. 
Scutellaria 

integrifolia hyssopifolia. 
Senecio 

aureus paupercuius. 
millefolium memmiugcri. 
ovntus. 
renifoniiis. 
Sida 

acuta garckeana. 
barclayi. 
diffusa setosa. 
hederacea sulphurca. 
palmed. 

spinosa salvisefolia. 
Sidastrum 

qu inquencrvium. 
Siegliugia 

cuprca. 
Silene 

purpurata. 
Sisyrincliiam 
tburowi. 
Smilax 

rotondifolia crenulata. 
Solidago 

boottii yadkeuensis. 
humilis microcephala. 
miRsouriensis fasciculata. 
nemoralis mollis, 
pubenila monticola. 
roanensis 
speciosa erecta. 
Bpeciosa pallida. 



Spilantbos 

beccjibuuga parvnla. 

didciformis. 
Spirjpa 

lucid a rosea. 

pyramidata. 
Sporobofus 

asper drummondii. 

aspcrifolius major. 

auriculatus. • 

cryptaudrus flexuosus. 

mioor. 

vaginieflorus. 
Stellaria 

vema. 
Stcllularia 

longipea. 
Stipa 

caduca. 

emiiiens andcrsonu. 

pringlei. 

Icmmoni. 

Btricta sparsi flora. 

viridula lettermani. 

viridula minor. 

viridula pubesccns. 
Streptauthus 

biolottii. 

pnlchellus. 
Stylocline 

arizonica. 
Sullivantia 

bapcmani. 
SympboricarpoB 

symphoricarpos. 
Tabebuia 

donnoll-smitlui. 
Taraxacum 

taraxacum. 
Tbalictrum 

csesium. 
macrostylum. 
Tlierefon 

acouiti folia. 
Tigridia 

pulcbella. 
Tissa 

rubra perennanB. 
Titbonia 

brachypappa. 
Tradescautia 

angustifolia. 
Trautvetteria 

palmata coriacca. 



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257 



Trifolinm 

flavulum. 

vireMcens. 
Trillium 

eroctum declinutom* 
TripMicum 

floridanum. 

l^mmoui. 
TropaRolum 

bi macula turn 
Valeriana 

al boner vata 
Vcfbesina 

potosina. 



Verbesina — Coutinuod. 

pringlei. 
Vigna 

luteula angustifolia* 

strobilopbora. 
Viola 

reptans. 
Xantboccpbalum 

lucidnm. 

tomoutellum. 
Xyris 

montana. 
Yucca 

banburii. 



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III. ADDITIONS TO THE INDEX FOR 1891. 
SYSTEMATIC. 

RANUNCULACEiB. 

4. Auemoue. 

Syndesmon thalictroides Brittou, Ann. N. Y. Acad. vi. 237. 

POLTGALACEiB. 

542. Poly gala cosiaricensiB Chodat, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Bolg. xxx. 298. — Coeia Rica, 

dorandi Chodat, Bull. Soc. Belg. xxx. 300. — Costa Rica. 

crassifolia Chodat, Bull.. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 301. — Cost^ Rica. 

pauiculata verticillata Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 302. — Costa 

Rica. 
554. Monnina costaxlcensis Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 304. — Costa Rica. 

crepini Chodat, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 302. — Costa Rica. 

pittierl Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 303,— Costa Rica. 

sylvicola Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 303.--Co8ta Rica. 

ACERACEiB. 
1493. Acer californicum Greene, Fl. Fran. 76. 

LEGUMINOSiB. 

1653. Trifolium bifidum decipiens Greene, Fl. Fran. 24. — California. 
1682. Tephrosia uitens lanata Micholi, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 286. — Costa Rica. 
1702. Cracca micrantha Micheli, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 286. — Costa Rica. 
1994. Mimosa pittierl Micheli, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 294. — Costa Rica. 

ROSACEiB. 
2019. Prunus. 

Amygdalus andersonii Greene, Fl. Fran. 49. 

fasciculata Greene, Fl. Fran. 49. 

2074. PyruB. 

SorbiiB occidentalis Greene, Fl. Fran. 54. 

MELASTOMACEiB. 

2383. Tibouchlna cBratsdii subBesailiflora Coguiaux in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 

269.— Costa Rica. 
2402. Monocheetum carazoi Coguiaux in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 401.— Costa 
Rica. 

difiFusum eglandulosa Cogniaux in 1>. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 395.— 

Guatemala. 

vulcanicum Cogniaux in D, C. Monogr. Phan, vii. 401,— Costa Rica. 



258 



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259 

2454. Leandra costaricensis Cognianx iu D. C. Moiiogr. Phan. vii. 658. — Costa 
Kic:i. 

fulva Cognianx, iu D. C. Monogr. PLan. vii. 658. — Costa Rica. 

gramdiflora Cognianx, iu D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 690. — Costa Rica. 

lasiopetala Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 249. — Costa Rica. 



2459. Conostegia bigibbosa Cognianx, Bull. Bot. Belg. xxx. 252. — Costa Rica. 

lanceolata subtrinervia Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 253. — 

Costa Rica. 

pittieri brevifolia Cognianx iu D. C. Monogr. Pban. vii. 704.— Costa 

Rica. 
2462. Miconia bipenilifera rigida Cognianx iu D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 1192. — 
Costa Rica. 

costaricensis pittieri Cognianx in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 888.— 

Costa Rica. 

chrysoneura angustifolia Cognianx in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 817. — 

Mexico. 

mezicana conostegioides Cognianx in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 

763. 

pedicellata Cognianx in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 875.— Costa Rica. 

24C8. Maieta tococoidea watsonii Cognianx in D. C. Monogr. Phan. vii. 979.— 

Gnateinala. 
2470. Clidemia purpureo-violacea Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 263. — 
Costa Rica. 

sessiliflora auguBtifolia Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 263. — 

Costa Rica. 
2472. Bellucia coBtaricensis Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Bolg. xxx. 264. — Costa Rica. 
2476. Osssea tetragona Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 265. — Costa Rica. 

2478. Blakea gracilis longifolia Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 266.— Costa 

Rica. 

2479. Topobea dorandiana Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 268. — Costa Rica. 

CUCURBITACE-ffi. 

2647a. Pittiera longipedimculata Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Bolg. xxx. 272. — 

Costa Rica. 
2658. Corallocarpus emetocatharticus Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Bolg. xxx. 279. 
2676. Cyclanthera pauciflorum Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 276.— Costa 
Rica. 

pittieri Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 275. — Costa Rica. 

quinqueloba Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 276. — Cost-a 

Rica. 

tonduzii Cognianx, Bnll. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 274. — Costa Rica. 



2678. Sicyos sertuUferua Cognianx. Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 277.— Costa Rica. 
2681. Sicydium tamuifolium dussii Cognianx, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 277. — 
Costa Rica. 

ARALIACEiB. 

2941. Didymopanax pittieri Marchal. Bnll. Soc. Bot. Bolg. xxx. 280. — Costa Rica. 

RUBIACISiB. 

3089. Oldenlandia grayi K. Schumann in Englcr u. Prantl. Pflanzenfani. iv teil, 4 
abt. 25. 

hookeii K. Schumann in Engler u. Prpntl. Pflanzenfam. iv tcil, 4 abt. 

25. 

COMPOSITiB. 

387Q. |tf fi4i^ cprymbQS^ Gfeene, Pitt, ii, 218, 



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260 

LABIATiB 

5793. Salvia pittieri Briquet, Bull. 8oc. Hot. Belg. xxx. 237.— Costa Rica. 
5829. Stachys coataricensis Briquet, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 240.— CosU Riei 

POLTGONACEiB. 

6084. Polygonum polymorphum foliosum Keller, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 49.* 
Washington. 

sagitattum puboBcena Keller, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 45. — ffm 

York. 

ARISTOLOCHIACEiB. 

6135. Arlatolochia gigas aturtevantil W. Watsou, Gard. and For. iv. 546.— Gm 
temala. 

PIPERACBiB. 

6141. Piper biolleyi C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 210.— Co8t« Rica. 
borucanum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 219. — Coal 

Rica. 
calviraraeum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 200.— CotU 

Rica. 
carrilloanum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 209.— Cort 

Rica. 
chrysostachyum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 207.— Cost 

Rica. 
coilostachyum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 212.— Cost 

Rica. 
dilatatum acutifolium C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 217.- 

Costa Rica. 
diacophortim C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 201.— Cost 

Rica. 
dryadum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 221.— Co«i 

Rica. 
fimbriulatum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 207.— Cost 

Rica. 
geniculatum longepetiolatum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Bel; 

xxx. 201. — Costa Rica. 

gibbosum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 212.— CostA Ric 

hirsutum laevius C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 204. 

Costa Rica. 
pallescons C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 204^ 

Cost a Rica. 
parvifoliumC. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 203. 



Costa Rica. 

tonduzii C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 208.^ 

Costa Rica. 

— nemorense C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 222.— C«? 
Rica. 

— neurostachyum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 21X 
Costa Rica. 

— nobile minus C. De Candolle, Hull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 208.— Co* 
Rica. 

— nudifolium C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 205. 
Rica. 

— otophorum C. Do Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 220. 
Rica. 

— peltaphyllum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 220. 
Bioa. 



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261 

6141. Piper poasanum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Beljj. xxx. 206.— Costa Rica. 

pseado-velutinumflavescenB C. He Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 

XXX. 203.— Costa Rica. 
psUocladum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 211. — Costa 



Rica. 

rufesoens C. De CaAdolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 218. — Costa Rica. 

salinasanum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 214.— Costa 

Rica. 

sepicola C. De Caudolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 202. — Costa Rica. 

subsessilifoUum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 216.— 

Costa Rica. 
terrabanum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc, Bot. Belg. xxx. 217. — Costa 

Rica. 

umbricola C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 215. — Costa Rica. 

vailicolum C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 222.— Costa 

Rica. 
6145. Peperomia borucana C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 232. — Costa 

Rica. 

calvicaulis C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 231.— Costa Rica. 

coopeii C. De Caudolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 226.— Costa Rica. 

coBtaricenBls C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 228. — Costa 

Rica. 
— ■■ — dorandi C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 225.— Costa Rica. 
palxnana fragrans C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 233. — 

Costa Rica. 

pittieri C. De Candolle, Bull. Soo. Bot. Belg. xxx. 235.— Costa Rica. 

poasana C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 224. — Costa Rica. 

refleza pallida C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 235.— Costa 



Rica. 

scutellata C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 230. — Costa Rica. 

stenophylla C. De Caudolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 228. — Costa 

Rica. 
vinasiana C. De Candolle, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. 231. — Costa Rica. 

ORCHIDACE2I. 
6745. Physosiphon guatemalenaiB Rolfe, Kew Bull. 1891. 197.— Guatemala. 

FILICES. 

25. Cheilanthes albida Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 212. — Central Mexico. 

longipila Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 211. — Central Mexico. 

moncloviensis Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 210. — North Mexico. 

38. Asplenium chihuahuonse Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 305. — Mexico. 
44. Nephrodium endresi Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 339. — Costa Rica. 

fournieri Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 317. 

harriaoni Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 326. 

nevadense Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 320. 

48. Polypodium blandum Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 455. 

48 endresi Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 468.— Costa Rica. 

eatonia Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 469. 

50. Notholeena schafiheri Underwood in Davenport, Gard. &, For. iv. 519. 

mezicana Davenport, Gard. & For. iv. 519. 

52. Gymnogramme schaffheri Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 484. 

55. Antrophyum minimum Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 488. — Costa Rica. 

60. Acrostichum backhousianum Baker, Ann. Bot. v. 491. 

19865— No. 7 3 



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262 



ALPHABETIC. 



Acer 

californiciuii. 
Arrosticlniin 

backliousiaua. 
AniyKclalus 

aiKlcrsouii. 

favScicMilata. 
Antrophyum 

minimum. 
Arintolocliia 

gigas sturtevaiitii. 
A8])lenium 

chihuahiieiis«>. 
Uelluoia 

costariceusis. 
Hlakea 

gi'acilis longi folia. 
Cheilauthen 

albida. 

longipila. 

monrlovieiisiH. 
(!li(l<Miua 

piir]>ureo-violac('a . 

BC'^iHiliflora angustilblia. 
Coiiostcgia 

])igibbo8a. 

laiiceolat^t .subl riiicrvia. 

pittifri brevilblia. 
Coral locarpua 

emetocatharticus. 
Cracca 

inicrantha. 
CJyclanthora 

paucillomm. 

pittieri. 

pittieri quiu(|iieloba. 

tondii/Ji. 
Didyraopaiiax 

pittieri. 
(iymnograiiimo 

8chaftueri. 
Leaudra 

oostaricensiH. 

fiilva. 

grandi folia. 

lasiopetala. 
Madia 

corymboHa. 
Maic'ta 

rococoidca watsouii. 
Micoiiia 

bipenilifera rigida. 

costariceuHis pittieri 



Mi<'oiiia — Continued. 

cliryHoniMira angnntifolia. 

mexicana cono.stegioide8. 

pedioellata. 
Mimosa 

pittieri. 
Monuiua 

C08taricen8i8. 

crepini. 

]nttieri. 

8ylvi('(da. 
Monocha»tum 

carazoi. 

diffuHinn eglandulosa. 

viilcauicum. 
Nepbrodium 

endrcsi. 

foiirnieri. 

barrisoui. 

nevadensc. 
Noibobi'na 

srbaffueri. 

8cbat1iieri mexicana. 
Oldenlandia 

grayi. 

bookt?ri. 
Ossjea 

tetragoiia. 
I'eperoniia 

borucana 

calvicaulis. 

cooperi 

co8tarireu8i8. 

dnrandi 

palmana fragrans. 

pittieri. 

poasana. 

' rtoxa pallida. 

sciitellata. 

stonopbylla. 

vina8iana. 
Pbysosijibou 

giiatemaleuRis. 
IM]»er: 

biolleyi. 

bonicanum. 

calvirameum. 

oarrilloannm. 

cbrysostacbynm. 

ooilostacbyiim. 

dilatatum. 

disoopborum. 



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263 



l*i])iT — Continned. 

dryadum. 

liiul>riii]Qtuin. 

^oTiiculatuiii lull j::epctiolat urn. 

gihbosiini. 

Iiirsutiiin Ijpvius. 

birsntum palh'soons. 

hirsiitiini parvi folium. 

liirsu^iiin toudiizil. 

uenion'Tiso. 

iH'urostacliynm, 

Dobile minus. 

uudi folium. 

otopliorum. 

peltapbyllum. 

]Kia.Hauum. 

^»sfiulo-velutinum flavcsccns. 

]i.silocladum. 

rufescfiis. 

saliuasanum. 

srpicola. 

subsesMili folium, 

tcnabanum. 

innbiicola. 

vallicolum. 
I'ittiera 

bfugipedunculata. 
Tolygala 

costarict'usia. 

duraufli. 

dnruudi crasBifolia. 



Polygala 

paniculata verticillata. 
Polygonum 

polymorphum foHosum. 

sagittatum pubettceus. 
Polypodium 

blandum. 

eatonia. 

eudresi. 
Salvia 

pittieri. 
Sicydiiini 

tamnifolium dossil 

Sicyos 

sertuli ferns. 
Sorbus 

occideutalis. 
Stacbys 

costaricensis. 
Syndesnion 

tbaliclroides. 
Tei»brosia. 

niteuH lanata. 
Tiboucbina 

oTstedii subsessiliflora. 
Topobea 

durandiaua. 
Tri folium 

bilidmu deci[)icii8. 



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IV. CORRECTIONS OF THE INDEX FOR 1891. 

p. 153. Anemone tetonesis, read A. tetoneiisis. 

p. 157. To Hosackia sericea Trelease in Branncrand Coville, Bet. Gool. Surv. Ail 

1888, IV, 171, add, not Bentham. 
p. 159. Riibns canadensis, var. roribaceus, read R. canadeusis, var. roribaccua. 
Riibus aativu8, read R. villosus, var. sativns. 
Pynis ivensis, read P. ioensis. 
p. 174. Strike out Carex strnminea, var. fcstucacea Hitchcock, Trans. St. Lonis Acai 

V, 525. 
p. 183. Strike out parvifolia after Micouia tonduzii, var. sorrulata^ and add M. to 
duzii, var. parvifolia. 
264 



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32 



141l)ulrS)t|mwr^^ Vi 



For Both Medicine and Dentistry, the 

value of the first truly scientific dissections 
by Galen, the Greek who lived in Rome 
(130-200 A.D.), was equaled only by the 
scientific w^/Ao^ propounded 600 years earlier 
by Hippocrates. 

Working only with pigs and apes (but urg- 
ing his students to be on the alert for human 
bones protruding from graveyards), Galen 
was first to recognize the different kinds of 
nerves, most muscles, the brain as the center 
of the nervous system and the fact that arter- 
ies, containing blood rather than air, were 



somehow connected with th 
before Harvey). 

A new concept of the 
bility was evolving then, 
practice had been punishal 
But, under the Lex Aquil 
be assessed. Malpraaice Y 
as well as a criminal, offer 

There Are Few Who I 
with the risks of unprotec 
doctors enjoy the Medic 
icy's complete coverage, pre 
conhdential service. 

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ILLIN in oil and wax 



ctions in home, office and emergency: Squibb Penicillin G in oil 
AND WAX in double-cell cartridges has these advantages: 

Essentially free-flouwg at room temperature; requires no heating; does 
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Less breakage. Improved lubrication of stoppers decreases breakage, 
speeds injection. 

Optimal size crystals of crystalline penicillin G sodium in refined pea- 
t nut oil and 4.8% bleached beeswax (Romansky formula). 

Accuracy assured. One cell contains a single accurate dose of 300.000 
units. The other cell provides a sterile aspirating test solution, the use 
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For convvniencv — cartridges may be used either in the B-D* dis- 
posable syringe, or the B-D* ])ermanent syringe. 

dvantoges of the new Squibb LIQUID Penicillin G in oil and wax 
in the new 10 cc. vial — for mass injections in clinic, ho»ipital 
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Ht*sus pension readily attained. Adequate air space is allowed in the 
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any chance of the mixtine settling out permanently, and helps prevent 
the possibility of over- or under-dosage. 

Withdraual difficulties eliminated. Even the last one or two doses 
can be easily withdrawn. 

Easy to measure for accurate dosage. When resuspended, each cc con- 
^^ tains 300,000 units cr\'stalline penicillin G sodiunj^. ip^^JljeQ^^f^'c/i/id 
^^^ oil and wax miyhirf^ ^ 



76 



Facts regarding fluic 



When penicillin in oil and wax is to be used once daily, the most i 
is the maintenance of therapeutic blood levels for 24 hours. 

For easy administration and adequately sustained blood levels, the fc 
too viscous nor too fluid . . . the penicillin crystals of the correct size, sh 
container appropriate to the use intended. (For individual or mass inj< 

' The folloiving should also be recognized: 

1 For administration from multiple-dose vials, t 
suflSciently fluid to permit easy withdrawal, accu 

■ easy injection. 

2 In all fluid preparations, however, the penicillin 
out. Unless the container has adequate air space 

j i resuspension of the settled penicillin by shaking, 2A 

I not be maintained. Either overdosage or underdos 

I 3 When injected from individual-dose cartridges, i 

i wax suspension should be of slightly thicker consiste 

I penicillin settles out, it cannot be resuspended h] 

the volume is too small, and (b) the cartridge has 

4 The slightly heavier type of suspension can be ea 
dosage with a minimum of discomfort to the patiei 
flowing at room temperature, and each cartridge 
(300,000 unit) dose, which eliminates the need of 



In keeping with Squibb 
policy of making the 



^C 1.1 ^,1., 



SQUIRB PEN 

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U.S.P., 5 mg., 10 mg. 
I in Oil aPc U.S.P., Dosage 
»er BoHUs, 10 cc. and 50 cc. 
ih Liver Oil (50%) with 
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IpttUs, 10 cc. and 50 cc. 



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14 



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mORALE BUILDING A PROBLEM with your special diet patients 
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YOU SUGGEST A DIET based on Gerber's Special Diet Recipe B 
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398 Pages. 



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23 Tables 



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New third edition 1947. 1007 Pages. 79 IHust 

WRIGHT: APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY 

By SAMSON WRIGHT, M.D., F.RC.P. 

Eigbth edition 1945. 974 Pages. 515 Illus 

COPE: EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF THE ACUTE ABDOMEN 
By ZACHARY COPE, M.D., M.S., F.R.C.S. 

Ninth edition 1946. 278 Pages. 38 Illus 



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The Ohio bottle of Ethyl Chloride (100 grams) "fits 
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BY IN GENERAL PRACTICE -by nelse f. ockerblad. 

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i 

. Relation to Congenital Hemolytic Disease and to 
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irst simple, complete clinical book on one of the most important medical discoveries 
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II essential facts of folic acid therapy of the macrocytic anemias are precisely defined in 

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I DUNCAN EVE. Jr., M.D., F.A.C.S.. Surgeon-in-Chief. Nashville. Chnll 

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J fessor of Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. In col 
Trimble Sharber. A.B.. M.D. 



350 Pages 



256 Illustrations 



PRl 



This handbook might well be likened lo a 
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union. 

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OFFICERS OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 



PrMldMt— Edward L. Sorts. PhlUdelphlt. 

Pr««lrftat-ElMt— B. L. Senienlch. South Brad. Ind. 

VlM.PmMMil— Thomai A. McGoldrlck. Brooklyn. 

SMTttary ut4 General Muai«r— iJeorse F. Lull. Chlctfo. 

Tranorar d. J. Moore, Chlcaso. 

Speaker. HevM ef Deieiates^R. w. Fouti. Omtha. 

Vice .Speaker, Heme ef Deieiatee— F. F. Borsell, Pbiltdelphla. 

Edilar— Morrlf Plthbeln. Chicago. 

BmineM Maaaier— Thomai R. Gardiner. Chlcaco. 

Beard ef Trutteae— William F. Braaich. Rochester. Minn.. 1948; Emeit E. Iroaa. 
SecreUry, Chicago. 1948; Louis H. Bauer. Hempstead. N. T.. 1949; E. L. 
Henderson, Chairman. LouiiTllle. Ky.. 1949; John H. FiUgihbon. Portland. 
Ore., 1950: James R Miller. Hartford, Conn., 1950; W. M. Johnson. Winston- 
Salem. N. C. 1951; Dwlght H. Murray. Napa. CaUf.. 1958; E. J. McCormlck. 
Toledo. Ohio. 1952. 

Judicial Ceuaell— John H. O'Shea.. Spokane. Wash.. 1948; Edward B. CunnlfTe. 
Chairman. New York. 1949; Louis A. Rule, Bochester, Minn.. 1950; Walter F. 
Donaldson. Pittsburgh. 1951: Uoyd Noland. Fairfield AU.. 1958: George F 
Lull. Chicago. Secretary. 

CeoRcli ea Medical Educatlea and Heapltala—Harrey B. Stone. Baltimore. 1948. 
Reginald Fits. Boston. 1949; Russell L. Haden. Cleveland. 1950; W. S. Mid- 
dleton. Madison. Wis.. 1951; H. G. Welskotten. Chairman. Syracuse. N. T.. 
1952; Victor Johnson, Rochester, Minn.. 1958; John B. Musser. New Orleans. 
1954: Donald G. Anderson. Secretary. Chicago. 

CPMcll ea Scleatlfle Asseaibly— L. a Jackson. Ran Antonio. Tesas. 1948: Charles H. 
Phlfer. Chicago. 1949; Henry B. VIets. Chairman. Boston. 1950; L. W. Larson, 
Bismarck. N. D.. 1951; Stanley P. Relmann. Philadelphia, 1952; and «z officio 
the President* Elect, the Editor and the Secretary of the AssoclaUon. 

CattPcll ea Medical Senrlea-Alfred W. Adson. Rochester. Minn.. 1948: Walur B 
Martin. Norfolk. Va.. 1048: Elmer Hes». Erie. Pa.. 1949: Thomas A. McGold- 
rlck. Brooklyn. 1949: Jesse D. Hamer. Phoenis. Aris.. 1950; James R. McVay. 
Chairman. Kansas City. Mo.. 1950: H. H. Shoulders. Nashrille. Tenn.: Edward L. 
Boru. Philadelphia: E. J. MrCormlck. Toledo. Ohio: George F. LuU. Chicago; 
Thomas A. Hendridis. Secretary. Chicago. 



Council en Pliaraiacy and Cheailstry (St. 
E. D. Churchill, Boston. 1948; C. 8. 
ton. 1948: SUiart Mudd. Philadelphia. 
1949; D. P. Barr. New York, 1049; \ 
bein. Chicago. 1950; G. W. McCoy. J 
1950; E. M. Nelson. Washington. 1 
Cleveland, 1951; Isaac Starr. Phllado 
E. M. K. Gelling. Chicago. 1952; 
Paul R. Cannon. Chicago. 1952; Aus 

Council ea Physical Medlciae (Standlns 
Ivy. Chicago. 1948: Frank R. O 
Kansas City, Mo.. 1948; A. U. D< 
Williams. New York. 1949; Frank H. 
Clpollaro. New York. 1950; M. A. Bo 
Philadelphia. 1950; W. E. Garrey. 
Washington. D. C, 1951; John S. i 
Vail. Chicago. 1951; W. E. Grove. M 
Chicago: Howard A. Carter. Secretat 

Council on Feeds aad Nutrltlea (Btan< 
Lydia J. Botierts. Chicago. 1948; Gee 
C. S. Ladd. Washington. D. C. 1049 
Harold C Stuart. Boston. 1050. More 
Rochester. Minn.. 1951; Howard B. 
McLester. Chairman, Birmingham. A I 
C. A. tUvehJem. Madison. Wis.. 19 

Council ea ladustrlal Health (Standing 
Bartle. Philadelphia. 1948; W. A. t 
Simmons. Boston. 1948; Rutherford 
Lansa. New York. 1949: C. D. Selby 
ington. D. C. 1950: Raymond Hussey. 
N. J.. 1950; L. D Bristol. Augusta. 
1951: C. M. Peterson. Secretary. Ch 

Cemailttee a« Selentlfte ExhlbK— E J. 
Murray. Chairman. Napa Calif.; Ja 
G. Hull. Director, Chicago Advlsr 
Paul J. Hanalik. San Krancisro: Lu« 
Orleans: Mai M. Peet, Ann Arbor. A 



OFFICERS OF SECTIONS. 1947-1948 



lalaraal Medielna— Chairman. Cecil J. Watson. Minneapolis; Vice Chairman. 
James A. Greene. Dallas. Teias: Secretary. Walter L. Palmer. 950 East 59th Street. 
Chicaga 

Suriery, General and A bdeailnal— Chairman. B. Noland Carter. Cincinnati; Vice 
Chairman. Warren H. Cole. Chicago: Secretary. Michael E. DeBakey. 1480 Tvlane 
Avenue. New Orleans 18. 

Obetetric* and Gyaeceleiy— Chairman. William F. Biengert. Dallas. Texas: Vice 
Chairman. Robert L. Faulkner. Cleveland: Secretary. Arthur B. Hunt. 102 Second 
Avenue 8.W., Rochester. Minn. 

Ophthaimeiofy— Chairman. Everett L. Goar. Houston. Texas: Vice Chairman. 
Francis Heed Adler. Philadelphia: Secretary. Trygve Oundersen. 101 Bay State 
Boad. Boston. 

LnrynHlMy. Otelegy and RliinelHy—Chairman. Fletcher D. Woodward. Charlottes- 
ville. Va.: Vice Chairman. John R. Simpson. Plttabvrgh: Secretary. J. Milton Robb. 
1553 Woodward Avenue. Detroit 

Padlatriea— Chairman. Oscar Reisa. Los Angeles; Vice Chairman. Stanley Gibson. 
Chleago: SecreUry. Margaret Mary Nicholson. 1801 Eye Street N.W.. Washing- 
ton. D. G. 

Experimental Medicine and Tlierapetttic»— Chairman. Walter Bauer. Boston; Vice 
Chairman. Dwlght L. Wilbur. San Franclaco: Secretary. Carl V. Moore. 600 South 
Kingshlghway. St. Loais. 

Pathelaty aad Phycielogy— Chairman. Alvtn O. Foard, Pasadena. Calif.; Vice 
Chairman. George E. Wakerlln. Chicago: Secretary. Edwin F. Hlrsch. 1419 South 
Michigan Avenue. Chicaga ^_^_^___ 



nd MenUI Diseases— Chalrn 
Qiairman. William A. Smith. Atlanta. \ 
Second Avenue 8.W.. Bochesrer. Minn. 

Dermateloiy and 8yplillelefy->Chalrmar 
Chairman. Carroll S. Wright. PhUadelt 
Washington Boulevard. St. Louis. 

Preventhre and Industrial Medlciae aad 
Baltimore: Vice Chairman. Oscar A. Sar 
ford T. Johnstone, 727 West Serenth Str« 

Ureloiy— Chairman. Reed M. Nesblt. A 
Ewert. Boston: Secretary. Edward N. Cook 

Orthepedie Surgery— Chairman. J. Wan 
man. David M. Bosworth. New York; 8« 
Street. Boston. 

Gattre>Entereleiy and PrecteiHy— Chair 
man. William H. Daniel. Los Angelea: 
Michigan Boulevard. Chicago. 

Badieieiy— Chairman. W. W. Wesson. 
Weber. Rochester. Minn. : Secretary. U. V. 

Anestheaielefy— Chairman. Ralph M. 
Stuart C. Cullen. Iowa City; Secretary. 
Rochester. Minn. 

General Practice ef Medlclna—Chainai' 
Chairman. Milton B. Casebolt. Kansas 
5884 West Vemor Highway. Detroit 



METRAZOL- ORALLY OR BY INJEC 

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REPORT ON A COLLECTION OF PLANTS MADE IN THE STATES OF 
SONORA AND COLIMA, MEXICO, BY DR. EDWARD PALMER, IN THE 
YEARS 1890 AND 1891. 



By J. N. Rose. 



The collection here reported upon was made by Dr. Edward Palmer, 
chiefly in the States of Sonora and Colima during the latter part of 
1890 and the early months of 1891. The localities visited were Agia- 
bampo, Mauzanillo, Colima, and Armeria. 

I>r. Palmer arrived at Agiabampo September 12, en route for Ala- 
mos. Heavy showers had previously fallen and vegetation was well 
advanced, but few plants were as yet in flower. From this place he 
went directly to Alamos and obtained a valuable collection, upon which 
a report has already been made.* While at Alamos one of those dry, 
hot winds, so characteristic of this region, occurred and seriously 
injured or killied many of the plants; heavy showers fell again on Octo- 
ber 1, reviving some plants which were in unexposed places. Dr. 
Palmer returned to Agiabampo October 3, and was much disappointed 
at finding the vegetation in so poor a condition. Collecting was diffi- 
cult and unsatisfactory, but his work under these circumstances was 
most admirably done, as shown by the many new and interesting plants 
enumerated in this report. About 55 species were obtained. The 
specimens are numbered from 752 lo 815, the result of two weeks' col- 
lecting at this place. 

The town of Agiabampo is a small seaport on the Gulf of California, 
in the extreme southern part of Sonora. It is 145 miles southeast of 
Gnaymas and about 60 miles from Alamos, the latter of which is almost 
wholly dependent upon Agiabampo for supplies. After finishing the 
work at Agiabampo, Dr. Palmer visited Carmen Island and returned 
to Guaymas, where the trip to the State of Colima was plaijne^. 

Manzanillo was reached by steamer December 1. This Village is a 
small one, containing only about 500 inhabitants, has an excellent har- 
bor, and is situated at the foot of a low range of mountains. It is the 
seaport of Colima and is connected with that city by railway. Dr. 
Palmer spent the month of December, 1890, about Manzanillo, collecting 
chiefly in the mountains and in the low, marshy places about the bay. 



* See this volume, pp. 91 to 116. 

293 



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294 

He stopped here two weeks in the following year (March 2 to 16, 1891), 
secuiing many plants not obtainable earlier in the season. 

From Manzanillo he went to Colima, the capital of the state of the 
same name. Almost a month was spent here (January 9 to February 
6, 1891), and a second visit was made later, February 27 and 2S. One 
day (February 15) was spent in Armeria, a small place half way between 
Manzanillo and the city of Colima. 

The following table will show the places visited, with the dates of col- 
lection and the numbers of the plants: 



Places visited. 


DateofcoUection. 


OoUector'a 

Biimb«f« 

(ladiaaiTe). 


A j^iabampo 


Oct.3 to 15, 1890 


752-81S 


Manzanillo ,,.,,,... . ^ . . .... . 


Dec. 1 to 31, 1890 


ai6-I0M 


Colima .... 


Jan. 9 to Feb. A. 1801 


1607-1273 


A rmeria 


Feb. 15, 1891 


1274-1298 


Colima 


Feb.27Mid28,1891... 

Mar.2tol8 


U04-1338 


Manzanillo 


180^-140] 


Colima (bought at market) 


Jan. 9 to Feb. 6, 1891 


1408-1411^ 


Mauzanllli 


Dec. 31, 1891 


1810-1813 







The following interesting account of Colima and Manzanillo is taken 
from the consular report for January, 1885, by Emil Mahlo, U. S. con. 
sul at Manzanillo: 

The state of Colinja lies between 18^* 30^ and 19° 28' north latitude, and 105^ to 107° 
west longitude ; is bounded north by the state of Jalisco, east by the same state and 
Micboacan, and south and southwest by the Pacific Ocean. It covers, probably, an 
area of 4,000 square miles and is said to have between 70,000 and 75,000 inhabitanta. 
All these figures are approximations, as no survey of the state has ever been made, 
nor have they had an official census since 1871. The city of Colima may have 30,000 
iuhabitants. 

The topographical and geological features of the state are interesting. The groand 
rises gradually from the coast, frequently intersected by detached, unconnected 
ranges of the Cordilleras (Sierra Madre), forming between them terrace-like, fertile 
plains which make Colima one of the richest agricultural states of Mexico. 

The city of Colima, in an altitude of 1,450 feet, and.58 miles distant from its port 
of Manzanillo, is situated almost in the center of one of the plains, which is proba- 
bly 75 miles in circumference, traversed by several rivers and creeks. 

Southeast and west of it are wooded mountains from 2,000 to 4,000 feet high, while 
to the north the ground again at first rises gradually, when suddenly, proud and majes- 
tic, the double volcano of Colima, about 20 miles distant, pushes itself high up above 
the surrounding country into the limits of eternal snow. 

From here radiate the almost impassable deep ** barrancas" which traverse the 
state in its northern and northeastern portion, making the communication with the 
interior of the Republic exceedingly difficult. 

The base of the geological formation is granite ; it is in many places overlaid by 
feldspathic porphyry, conjointly with limestone, gypsum, and shale. In and near 
the barrancas porphyry, trachite, and calcareous conglomerate predominate. The 
structure of the volcano of Colima is trachite. 

Although entirely within the hot zone, this consular district can truly be said to 
present all kinds of climates. From the snow of the volcano and the cold climate of 

*The numbers between 1410 and 1810 represent Dr. Palmer's collection in the state 
of Sinaloa, made in 1891. The identification of these plants is nearly completed 
and will form the basis of a future paper. 



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295 

the high Burronnding coantry through the temperate, beautiful climate of the ter- 
raced slopes aud plateans, down through the semitropical to the tropical heat of the 
shores of the Pacific, are represented the three principal climatic zones. 

To this difference in the climate is due the great variety of the agricultural prod- 
ucts grown in this district. There. are only two marked seasons — the rainy and 
the dry season. The rains commence invariably at the end of May or the beginning 
of June and terminate about the end of October. 

I give herewith in a tabular form a r^sum^ of the annual rainfall as observed by 
an intelligent private citizen of Colima during the years 1869 to 1880, inclusive. 
This is, as far as I know, the first reliable compilation of meteorological observations 
ever made on this coast of Mexico. The place of observation is the city of Colima. 





Mean annual rain- 
fall. 


Years. 


Mean annual rain- 
fall. 


Years. 


Inches. 


Number 
of days 
of rain. 


Inches. 


Number 
of days 
of ram. 


Ig89 


60.2 
47.6 
35.1 
64.8 
64.7 
48.0 


91 
97 
53 
71 
76 
75 


1875 


39.1 
35.1 
32.2 
60.1 
45.0 
41.0 


82 


1870 


1876 


89 


1871 


1877 


72 


1872 


1878 


79 


1873 


1879 


88 


1874 


1880 


75 









Yearly mean for twelve years, 46 inches ; yearly average number of rainy days, 79. 

It is to be regretted that no hygrometric observations have been made. The atmos- 
phere contains considerable humidity the whole year round. 

The maximum temperature in the shade, as observed, was, in July, 96^ F. ; the 
minimum in February, 70^ F. ; greatest variation during the year, 26^; annual 
mean, 83^. 

The observed monthly mean temperature during one year (1880) gave the follow- 
ing result: 



Month. 



January . 
February 
March ... 
April .... 

May 

June 



Mean. 



75 
71 
78 
81 
83 
83 



July 

i August 

: September. 

October 

November . 

December. . 



Month. 



Mean. 



Dearest 

86 
83 
79 

78 
78 
77 



Od the higher plateau in the interior the thermometer ranges from 54^ to 9(P. 

While the climate of the port of Manzanillo is not very healthy, the city of Colima, 
at an elevation of 1,450 feet, and other places farther inland and of a higher alti- 
tude, are considered healthy places. 

The state of Colima, small though it is, is one of the most fertile of Mexico, and 
ia noted for the variety of agricultural products. It produces maize, rice, coffee, 
sugar, cotton, cocoa, indigo, tobacco, the castor-oil bean, etc. ; and upon the higher 
plateaus of Jalisco and'Michoacan wheat, maize, and potatoes are cultivated. 

Of all the tropical and semitropical fruits which this part of Mexico produces I 
will iiieution only the following: Cocoa, limes, oranges, mangoes, bananas, pineap- 
ples, tamarinds, the chico (a very delicious fruit), the '^ aguacate," and the mamey. 
Limes are exported from Manzanillo to San Francisco to a considerably extent; also 
some pineapples, oranges, and mangoes. 



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296 

In the small state of Colhsa «kiMe«v«r tw« faioidnd diSBiait kinda o£ usefol and 
valuable woods are encountered; fine cabinet and dyewoods and woods iar con- 
struction. The most valuable of these, as, for Instance, mahogany, cedar, ''pnao- 
vera," granadillo, ^^tampinziran" palo-maria, palo-fierro, are articles of export to 
Europe and to the United States. They grow in abundance all along the coast and 
to a considerable distance inland. Among the dyewoods are the '' campeachy,'' and 
palo Brazil. On the higher plateau fine oak and pine forests are met with. Fibrous 
plants and trees also grow in abundance. Besides the majestic ''palma de coco" 
we h^ve the useful palm-nut oil tree (palma de coquito de aceite) and other species 
of palms. 

The rubber tree grows wild in the forests of the lowland along the Pacific coast. 
Some crude rubber is made, chiefly by the natives, and is exported to Europe and to 
the United States. 

I am under obligation to many botanists who have aided me in com- 
paring my specimens with those owned or controlled by them. 

Dr. George Vasey, late chief of the division of botany, gave me every 
facility to carry on this work, and is wholly responsible for the deter- 
mination of the grasses. The following list comprises the grasses 
determined by him: 

jEgopogon gracilis, Hilaria cenchraides, 

Anthephora elegans. Jouvea straminea. 

Aristida mamanilloana. Muhlenbergia exilis. 

Ariatida tenuis, Oplismenus humholdtianus nudicauUs, 

Arundinella hrasiliensia, Oplistnenus setarius. 

Bouteloua hromoides. Panicum molle. 

Bouteloua polystachys. Panicum capillaoeum, 

Catheitecum erectum, Panicum divaricatum. 

Cenchms echinatus. Panicum myurum, 

Chloris radiata. Panicum pringlei. 

Eleusine indica, Panicum sanguinale ciliare, 

Eragrostis ciliaris, Panicum irichanihum. 

Eragrostis plumosa. Paspalnm conjugatum. 

Eragrostis diversiflora, Paspalum paniculatum. 

Eragroatis pallida. Pennisetum setosnm. 

Eragrostis purshii. Pkragmites communis. 

Gouinia polygama, Sporobolus arguius. 

Prof. Daniel G. Eaton has named the ferns and fern allies of which 
the following species were obtained: 

Adiantum ooncinnum. Pellcea rigida. 

Aspidium patens. Phegopteris teiragona. 

Aspidium trifoliatum. Polypodium elongatum. 

Gymnogramme calomelanos. Polypodium incanum, 

Lygodium mexicanum. Polypodium lanceolatum. 

Notholcena hrachypus. Selaginella lepidophylla. 

The following CyperaceaB were determined by Dr. K. L. Britton: 

Cyperus canus. Cyperus ottonis. 

Cyperus compressus. Cyperus regiomontanus. 

Cyperus fugax. Eleeokaris geniculata. 
Cyperus ligularis. 

The late Dr. Sereno Watson, to whose kindness I have repeatedly 
referred in the past, assisted me in various ways in the preparation of 
this report. One of his last letters contained a note on Pisonia aculeata^ 



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^Lich appears in its proper place in the text. To him were snbmitted 

tlie following species : 

Eupatorium diasectum, Forchhammeria pallida, 

Fleischmannia rhodostylu. Heieropterys palmeri. 

Forchhammeria waisani. 

Dr. B. L. Eobinson, the present curator of the Harvard Herbarium, 
lias again and again loaned specimens for comparison and study. He 
lias also aided me in the study of Ayenia manzanilloana and GraUeva 
pulmeri. Specimens of nearly all the new species have been submitted 
to him. 

Dr. Gasimir DeOandolle, of Geneva, has determined all the plants 
of the genus Fiper^ including one new species and two varieties, as 
Tvell as two new species of the genus Trichilia. The following are 
the species examined by him: 

Piper palmeri. Piper umbellatum. 

Piper palmeri manzanilloanum. Piper unguiculatum long\folium. 

Piper realefoanum, T'richilia palm^. 

Piper tuberculatum, Trichilia coHmana, 

I also submitted to him for examination a new species and variety of 
my own, Quarea palmeri and Trichilia havanensis spattUata. 

Mr. J. G. Baker, curator of the Herbarium at Kew, in addition to 
suggesting the relationship of the Agave, identified for me Tillandaia 
polysta^chya and T. recurvata. 

Mr. W. Botting Hemsley, also of the Kew Gardens, has been espe- 
cially helpful in definitely ascertaining that many of my new species 
were clearly distinct from closely related ones, specimens of which are 
to be found in several cases only at Kew, The following species were 
submitted to him for determination or comparison : 

Bumelia arhorescene, Ipomoea neUoni. 

Colubrina arhorea, Kancinakia parvifolia, 

Heteropierya gayana, Zizyphua mexicana. 

The following Sapindacece have been determined by Prof, L. Radl- 
kofer, of Munich. Of the seven species determined four are new: 

Paullinia fuaceacens, Setjania rutasfolia. 

Paullinia aeaailiflara. Serjania trifoUolata, 

Paullinia iomentoaa. Serjania iriquetra. 
Serjania fuacopunctata. 

Several other species were determined by Prof. Eadlkofer, and proper 
credit is given in the text. 

Mr. E. G. Baker, of the British Museum, has named most of the Mai- 
vaceas, as well as aided me in the identification of the others. The fol- 
lowing are those determined by him : 

Abutilon baatardioidea, KoateUUhya aaferooarpa. 

Abutilon incanum, Sida acuta carpinifolia^ 

Abutilon triquetrum. Sida glutinoaa. 

Anoda hastata. Sida ulmifolia, 

Hibiacua aabdariffa, Sida urena, 
Malvaviacua arboreua. 



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The following species have been determined by Prof. A. Gogniaux: 

Corallocarpus emetocatharticus. Luffa operculata intermedia. 

Curcurbila radicans, Sicyoa aertuliferus. 

Cyclanthera graoillima. Tibouchina schiedeana, 

I have also received advice and assistance from the following well- 
known specialists: Dr. F. Pax, of Berlin; Mr. R. A. Rolfe. of Kew; 
Dr. K. Schumann, of Berlin; Dr. O. floflftnan, of Berlin; Dr. Hans 
Schinz, of Zurich; and Dr. A. Engler, of Berlin. 

iMr. William M. Cauby, Oapt. John Donnell Smith, and Mrs. Katha- 
rine Brandegee have repeatedly loaned me specimens and aided, me in 
many ways. 

The following plants have been cultivated by Mrs. H. L. T. Wolcott 
at Halifax, Mass., during the summer and fall of 1892 from seeds 
obtained by Dr. Palmer: 



Agave angustiasima, 
Asclepiaa curassavica. 
Henrya acorpioidee. 
Hibiacua aabdariffa, 
Iponicea bracteata. 
Iponircea grayi. 
Ipomcca nelaoni. 
Ipomaa peduncularia. 



Ipomosa quinquefolia. 
Ipomaa umbellata, 
Juaaieua octonervia, 
Manihot angu6tiloba, 
Nicotiana trigonophylla, 
Portulaca atelliformia. 
Theretia cuneifoUa. 



It is proper to state here that this work of Mrs. Wolcott has been ot 
great assistance to me in supplementing the herbarium si>ecimens 
with fresh flowers, fruits, etc. She has entered into this work with 
enthusiasm and has looked after the plants almost continually, sub- 
jecting herself to no little outlay of time and money. 

The following list comprises the new species described from this 
collection, of which 9 are from Agiabampo, 29 from Manzanillo, 26 from 
Golima, 4 from Armeria, and 2 from Sonora: 



Abutilon bantardioidea. 
Acalypha coryloidea. 
Acalypha papilloaa. 
Agiabampoa congeata. 
Argithamnia manzanilloana. 
Ariatida manzanilloana. 
Ayenia manzanilloana. 
Brickellia colima'. 
Bumelia arboreacena. 
Canavalia acuminata. 
Capparia palmeri. 
Cassia manzanilloana. 
Ceiba grandijtora. 
Celoaia monoaperma. 
Cienfuegoaia palmeri. 
Cratwra palueri. 
Drymariapromimbena. 
Encelia purpurea. 



Epidendrum palmeri. 
Eragroatis diveraiftora. 
Eragroatia pallida. 
Euphorbia colima:. 
Euphorbia aonorce. 
Flaveria robuata. 
Forchhammeria wat^oni. 
Gaya minutifiora. 
Guarea palmeri. 
Heteropierya palmeri. 
Hircea mexicana. 
Ipomaa nelaoni. 
Ipomcea woloottiana. 
Jacobinia auriculata, 
Jatropha purpurea. 
Juaticia mexicana. 
Juaticia paniculata. 



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Kanoinslcia parvifolia. 
Krameria palmeri. 
Leuccena macrocnrpa, 
Lonchocarpus palmeri. 
Luff a operculata intermedia, 
Malpighia ovata, 
Malpighia umbellata. 
Mimosa manzanilloana. 
Mimosa leptocarpa, 
Panicum pringlei. 
I*aullinia aeeeiliflora. 
Piper palmeri. 

Piper palmeri manzanilloanum. 
Piper unguiculatum longifolium, 
Piptadenia leptocarpa, 
Poropkyllum palmeri, 
Saesafridium macrophyllum, 
Sckrankia diffusa. 



Serjan ia fuscopunctata, 
Serjania ruicefolia, 
Serjania trifoliolata. 
Spigelia palmeri. 
Tabebuia donnell'Smithii. 
Tephroeia multifolia. 
Tetramerium aureum. 
Tetramerium diffusum. 
Tetramerium tenuiseimum. 
Trichilia coUmana. 
Trichilia havanensis spaiulata, 
Trichilia palmeri. 
Tridax dubia, 
Viguiera tenuis alba, 
Xylosma hoiTida, 
Xylosma palmeri, 
Zizyphus mexicana. 



In addition to the foregoing new species, the following list comprises 
those plants not reported from Mexico by Mr. Hemsley in Biologia 
Oentrali- Americana, most of them, however, having been described 
since that excellent work was published. The number of these species 
is 59. 



Acadia oochliacantha H. «& B. 
Acalypha subviscida Watson. 
Acnida cannabina L. 
^gopogon gracilis Vasey. 
JEschynomene amorphoides Rose. 
JEschynomene petraa Robinson. 
AntigoHon flavescens Watson. 
Bigelovia diffusa Gray. 
Bouchea dissecta Watson. 
Bur sera laxiflora Watson. 
Bursera palmeri Watson. 
Cacalia pringlei Watson. 
Carlowrightia arizonica Gray. 
Cereus strictus Brandegee. 
Colubrina arborea Brandegeo. 
Comocl€ulia dentata Jacq. 
Corallocarpus emetocaiharticus Cogn. 
Corchorus acuiungulus L. 
Coursetia glandulosa Gray. 
Coursetia mollis Rob. «fe Greenow. 
Cyperua otionis Boeckl. 
Cyperus regiomontanus Britton. 
Diphysa racemosa Rose. 
Dracocephalum moldarica L. 
Euphorbia calif ornica Bentb. 
Ficus fcksdculata Watson. 
Gomphrena decipiens Watson. 



Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC. 
Hamelia versicolor Gray. 
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. 
Hilaria cenchroides texana Vasey. 
Jussieua octonervia Lam. 
Malvastrum scabrum Gray. 
Matayba scrobiculata Radlk. 
Monnieria tri folia L. 
Oxalis berlandieri Torr. 
Panicum capillaccum Lam. 
Panicum sanguinale ciliare Vasey. 
Paullinia tomcntosa Jaccx- 
Pectis palmeri Watson. 
Sapindus saponaria Radlk. 
Selaginella lepidophylla Spring. 
Sicyos seriuliferus Cogn. 
Sida pyramidata Cav. 
Solanum grayi Rose. 
Solnnum tequilense Gray. 
Sporobolus argutus Kuntb. 
Stemodia palmeri Gray. 
Tibouchina schiedeana Cogn. 
Toumefortia floribunda H. B. K. 
Featchia discolor Brandg. 
Verbesina sphcerocephala Gray. 
Zexmenia tequilana Gray. 
Zinnia palmeri Gray. 



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The following species are incladed by Mr. Hemsley in Biologm Ooi- 
trali- Americana, but not under the names here used : 

AbuHlon texense T. & G. =Ahuttlon incanum Don. 

Prosopis hcterophylla BeTith.= Acacia wUlardiana Boae. 

JoaJypha chamo'drifolia Mnll.=Acalifpha micropkylla Klotzsdu 

Nephrodium patens T>eay.=A8pidium patent Bwartz. 

Nymphaa ampJa DC, =Castalia ampla Salisb. 

Cffperua poly8tachy8 "Rotth, ^Cyperusfugax Liebm. 

Molluyo glinuB A. Ricb.=GZifitf« loioidea Loefl. 

Tetramerium scarpundes Hemfll.=Jffenryo«oarpio4d«» Nees. 

KosteUtzkya sagittata Presl. in 'pa>Ttf=£o8t€letzkya asterocarpa Tnroz. 

Panicum microspermum Toum.^Panicum trichanthum Nees. 

Paullinia velutina T>C,=^PauUin%afu8cesc€n$ Kunth. 

Nephrodium conterminum 'Deav,=Phegopteri$ letragona Fee. 

8ida carpinifolia L. f.=Sida acuta carpinifolia K. Sebum. 

Verbena caroUniana L.^ in j^sLrtf=.Verhena poly$tachya H. B. K. 

Battardia hirsuHfiwra PTetii=zW\88adula sp. 

CATALOGUE OF 8PECIBS. 
RAinJNCULACBiB. 

ClematiB sp. An abundant bloomer, flowers wbite and sweet scented. Idanzanillo, 

December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 992. 
Clematia 8p. A strong, bigb climber, covering fences and trees. Tbo fmit is similar 

to tbat of tbe above species, but the leaves are thicker. Along water courses. 

Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1113. 

DILIiIINIACEiB. 

Tetraoera volnbilla L. Sp. PI. i. 533 (1753). A high climbing shrub, it« large stems 
often prostrate for a long distance, either straight or coiled ; flowers in large 
axillary or terminal panicles. Common in wet bottoms across the bay from 
ManzaniUo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1044. 

The fruit of our plant is somewhat different from tbat of this species and it 
ranges farther northward, but it seems to answer to this better than any other. 
It is called '' Beyuco deaqua." The stems when cut give forth a large quimtity 
of clear, sweetish water, with which travelers often quench their thirst. 

MENISPBRMACRS. 

CoconluB diveraifoliuB DC. Syst. i. 523 (1818). Low climber. Colima, JanaaiyS 

to February 6, 1891. No. 1111. 
CiBsampeloB pareira L. Sp. PL ii. 1031 (1753). Colima, January 9 to Febmaiy 

6, 1891. No. 1140. 

NTMFHiBACILS. 

Castalia ampla Salisb. Parad. Lond. i. 73, t. 14 (1805) ; KympWtBa tmpla DC. Syst. 
ii. 54 (1821). Strongly flxed in the mud by long fleshy white roots : leaves above 
dark olive, beneath dark cherry, and with very conspicuous veins, 12 inches or 
more in diameter ; petals white ; stamens yellow ; fruit olive-green, depressed, 
2i inches in diameter. At the mouth of a creek where it enters the lagoon. 
ManzaniUo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1392. 
This plant is figured in Curtis's Botanical Magazine, t. 4469. 



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CRUCIFBItZI. 

Nasturtium tanaoetifolium (Walt.) Hook. <& Am.- Joum. Bot.i. 190 (1834); Sisym- 
brium tanaceHfolium Walt. Fl. Car. 174 (1788). Flowers said to be white; 
only three small plants collected. Rich bottoms near Manzanillo, March 2 to 
18, 1891. No. 1344. 

CAPPARIDACB2]. 

O-ynandropais pentaphylla (L.) DC. Prod. i. 238 (1824); Cleome peniaphylla L.Sp. 
PI. ed. 2. ii. 938 (1763). About 2 feet high; sparingly fonnd about the lagoon, 
probably introduced. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 973. 

Capparla cynophallophora L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 721 (1762). A loose-growing shrub, 
10 to 12 feet high. Collected near the base of the mountains at Manzanillo, Jan- 
uary 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1068. 

Capparla palmerl Rose, sp. nov. A compact shrub, 8 feet high: leaves oblong, 
acute or obtuse, cordate at base, on very short, puberulent petioles, dull green 
on both sides ; veins not prominent : petals white, 6 to 8 lines long : stamens 
about 60, 15 Hues long, about equal to the stipe. — On the mountain sides. 
Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1358. 

Near C cynophalloph&ra, from which it differs in its more compact habit, 
smaller flowers, and leaves not strongly reticulated nor shining, cordate at base. 
Both species grow about Manzanillo. This species grows on the mountain sides, 
while C, cynophallophora is found in the plain, between the mountain and lagoon. 
The favorite habitat of the latter species is along the coast. It was collected 
the latter part of January in fruit, while C. palmeri was collected in March in 
flower. 

Capparla sp. With the above species was sent a branch with immature flruit 
which difiers iu its larger leaves, 3 to 5 inches long, acuminate and cuneate at 
base, on petioles sometimes 15 lines long. No. 1358 a. 

This plant very much resembles Jaquin's figure of C, frondosa; see Jacq. Stirp. 
Amer. t. 104 (1763). It may not, however, belong to this genus. 

Cratasva palmerl Rose, sp. nov. A diffuse shrub, 8 feet high : leaves 3-foliolat<e, 
on petioles 2 to 4 inches long; leaflets oval to ovate, 2 to 4 inches long, slightly 
acuminate, rounded or cuneate at base and more or less oblique, a little rough- 
ened above and with crisp hairs beneath: inflorescense corymbose; flowers 
on pedicels li to 2 inches long : torus 1^ lines long : sepals 4, oblong, 2 lines 
long, acute : petals 4, cuneate at base, 3 lines long, not including the long slender 
claw (6 to 10 lines long): stamens 16; filaments 2 to 2^ inches long: stipe of 
ovary 2| to 3 inches long, that of fruit 3^ to 4 inches long : fruit pear-shaped, 
l^to 2 inches long, obtuse, often slightly appendiculate. — Armeria, February 15, 
1891. No. 1285. 

This plant seems very distinct from any of the other species. Dr. B. L. Rob- 
inson, who has examined it, says: ''It seems to have considerable in common 
with C. tapia and C henthamij but differs from both in its scurfiness, in its smaller 
less conspicuous lenticels, its short sublateral inflorescence and longer anthers.^' 

Cratasvasp. A tree 40 feet high and 40 inches in diameter; fruit the size of a 
lime. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 1013. 

Called '^Zapatillo amarillo.'' This tree is taller than either C.gynandra or 
C. tapia, the only two species attributed to Mexico. The leaves are more like 
the former, but the fruit is larger than in that species. 

Moxlaonla (f) sp. A small tree, 12 feet high, 3 inches in diameter: leaves oblong, 
acute, perfoliate near the base, thick, shining and glabrous above, stellate-pubes- 
cent beneath : fruit spherical, 1^ inches in diameter. Manzanillo, December 1 
to 31, 1890, No. 1011. 



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The shape and size of the fmit resembles that of the species of CraUeta (Ko. 
1013) collected here also. These specimens do not belong to any described 
species, so far as I can learn, and the genus has not been reported previoiulT 
from Mexico. It seems to belong in Morisonia^ bnt in the absence of flowers it 
is better to refer it doubtfully, as above. 
Forchhammerla pallida Liebm. Kjoeb.Yidensk. Meddel. 1853. 94 (1854). A small 
tree, 15 to 20 feet high, 5 to 8 inches in diameter, with a large top and a great 
profusion of leaves : leaves 2^ to 4 inches long, including the petioles (2 to 8 lines 
long), 8 to 12 lines broad: calyx of male flowers minute or wanting: in flower 
while in full leaf. On a sandy beach near ManzaniUo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 
1333, in flower; No. 1348, with immature fruit; No. 1366, with leaves only. 

The tree is somewhat taller with the leaves larger than in the type, but in other 
respects it agrees with it. Only the male flowers were collected. This is a v«y 
rare plant in herbaria and has not been collected for many years. It was first 
seen and described by F. Liebmann, and is now collected the second time. 

In habit and flowers the following new species is closely allied : 



Fig. 1.— a, Leaf of Forehhammeria paUida showing the lower aorface; b, the eame as seen trtan abor^. 

Forohhammeria watsoni Rose, sp. nov. A tree with large spreading top, 15 feet 
high, lto5 feet in diameter; young branches finely pubescent: leaves coria- 
ceous, narrowly to broadly linear, 3 to 5 inches long, 2 to 6 lines broad, more or 
less puberulent, cordate at base, strongly reticulated beneath, with prominent 
midrib and revolute margins: flowers in slender racemes 2 to 3 inches long: 
stamens 18 to 22: fruit pear-shaped, orange-colored, but when fully ripe a 
" purplish red," 5 to 6 lines long. — Common about Guaymas, Mexico, and at low 
elevations in the cape region of L«wer California, Collected by Dr. Palmer in 



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1887 (No. 179); February 15, 1890 (No. 167); April 1 and 2, 1890, in flower; and 
July 30, 1891, in fruit. Mr. Brandegee reports it from Lower California, and 
has recently written me that he obtained it also at Guaymas in 1892. 

For illustrations see Frontispiece and Pis. xxiv and xxv. 

Considerable doubt has existed among our American botanists as to what this 
]>lant is, owing to the insufficient material which has been collected. This is the 
plant referred to under No. 167, on page 90 of this volume. A long note by Dr. 
Sereno Watson with reference to the same may be found in.Proc. Araer. Acad- 
xxiv. 82 (1889), and another by Mr. lirandegee in Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 215 
(1889). The ripe fruit is much eaten by birds. 

I have named this remarkable tree in honor of tlie late Dr. Sereno Watson, 
• who made a careful study of the plant when it first appeared in the collection of 
Dr. Palmer in 1887. 

In this species, which is clearly distinct from F.pallidaj the flowers appear just 
after the leaves of the previous growing season have fallen and before the new 
leaves are put forth. In F. pallida the flowers and leaves appear together: in 
both cases the racemes of flowers arise in the axils of the old leaves. F. pallida 
seems to be clearly dio'cious as described, while F. watsoni often has more or less 
developed ovaries in the staminate racemes. 

Forchhammeria has been variously ijlaced, sometimes in Cappaj-idaceWf some- 
times in EaphorhiacetVy and once in Malvac€(v. It certainly does not belong to 
the latter order nor does it seem to me that it can be placed m Euphorhiacew. 
Prof. Kadlkofer has made a very careful study of the genus, and l^elieves that it 
should be retained in Capparidacew^ where it was first placed by Liebmann. 

BTXACEiE. 

Cochlospermum hibiscoides Kunth, Syn. PI. ^^q. iii. 2U (1824). A tree 25 to 30 
feet high. Common about Mazanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1096. This is 
a beautiful flowering tree, remaining in bloom for more than two mouths. 

Biza orellana (?) L. Sp. PI. i.5I2 (1753). A small tree, 20 feet high, leavt-s mostly 
rounded at base, rarely truncate: fruit broader than long. Along the bay oppo- 
site the city of Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 920. 

Xylosma horrlda Rose, sp. uov. A tree 30 feet high, 8 inches in diameter; thorns on 
the trunk large, often 3 to 6 inches long, branching: leaves 2A to 3^ inches 
long, acute 6t slightly acuminate, broadly cuneate at base, bluntly serrate, 
glabrous and shining: flowers hermaphrodite in short axillary racemes; sepals 
small: glandular disk prominent: stamens about 20, much longer than the 
sepals: ovary glabrous, prolonged into a slender style; stigmas 2: seeds 2 to 6, 
oval in outline,— Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1340. 

This species agrees with A', tw/ermerfta, collected in Panama, in having its 
flowers racemose and hermaphrodite, but this latter plant is described as a 
shntb 10 feet high, with large leaves, without thorns, with sepals nearly as long 
as the stamens and with 3 stigmas. Its nearest alliance is probably with A'. 
calophjfllum. I am indebted to Capt. .lohn Donnell Smith for comparing my 
specimen with No. 1600 of Spruce, already referred to A', ealophyllum, of which 
he writes : " Like your 1340, the spines are long and branched and the herma- 
phrodite flowers are racemose and glands of disk numerous, but the leaves are 
quite different." 

Xylosma palmeri Rose, sp. nov. l>i(rcio-polygamous, glabrous, armed at the nodes 
with slender straight spines 5 to 15 lines long: leaves about 2 inches long, 
elliptical, cuneate at base, alternate, shining, dentate: flowers fasciculat^ly 
grouped, 6 to 10 together: pedicels 4 to 5 line^i long: male flowers with 4 sepals, 
20 to 26 stamens set within the disk, and no style: female or hermaphrodite 
flower*, with a prominent disk, few or no stamens, short style; broad, peltate 
514— No. 9 2 



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stigma, and ovary with 2 parietal placeuta ; I'niit blac-k or red, with 2 to 4 seeds.— 
Near the base of the monutaiiis about Manzauillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No«. 
,930, 930a, 969, 969a. 

For illustration see PI. xxvi. 

This species was collected four different times. All the S]>ecinieii8 are to 
similar in habit and leaves that 1 am unable to separate them. Noe. 969 aini 
969o have all the flowers staminate; in No. 930 they are pistillate or nearly »o, 
while in 930a they are hermaphrodite and fertile. No. 930 is said to bt* a \mi^ 
shrub, while No. 969 is said to be a small shrub. Dr. Palmer states that the fruit 
of No. 930 is red, while that of 930a is fleshy and black. In No. 930a the stylts 
become cleft to the base in the fruit. 

POLTGALACISiE. 

Kraxneria palxneri Hose, sp. nov. Compact shrub, 2 to 3 feet high, ranch branched; 
young branches appressed-pubescent: leaves numerous, alternate, sliebtl? 
pubescent, linear, 3 to 9 lines long: pedicels short, bibracteale near the middle: 
sepals obbmg, obtuse, 3 lines long: petals 5; the2 lower fleshy, broadly obovat^. 
1 line long; the 3 upper united below, the middle one ovate, the lati'ral ones uioiv 
dilated, 2 lines long including the claw : stamens4, slightly shorter than thenpper 
petals: ovary glabrous: fruit globose, flattened, 4 lines in diameter, glabroni^. 
yellowish or purplish, covered with stout naked prickles. — Scattered here and 
there on the gravelly ]dains. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 753. 
For illustration see PI. xxvii. 

CARTOPHTLLACEiE. 

Dr3rmaria cordata (L.) Willd. in Roem. &, Schult. Syst. v. 406 (1819); Hol^teum 
cordaium L. Sp. PI. i. 88 (1753). In swampy places in river bottoms. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1166. 

Dryxnaria procumbens Kose, sp. nov. Annnal, slender, procnmbent, rooting at 
the nodes, pubemlent throughout, except the leaves: leaves sncculent, oval, 3 t« 
9 lines long, obtuse, on very short petioles, glabrous: flowers in difl^use peduncu- 
late cymes : sepals 2 lines long, herbaceous with scarious margins, acute, 5-uerved 
at base: petals white, deeply 2-partod, two-thirds the length of the sepals: 
capsule few-seeded. — Near water ditches about Colima. January 9 to February 
6, 1891. No. 1165. 

Dryxnaria villoaa Cham. & Schlecht. Linna^a, v. 232 (1830). Very common ou clay 
banks in the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 945. 

PORTULACACB^I. 

Portulaca pilosa L. Sp. PI. i. 445 (1753), Avery common plant everywhere about 
Manzanillo. March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1375. 

Portulaca sp. Erect, often 1 foot or more high, more or less branching above, 
purplish: leaves terete, 15 lines long, tapering towards the aj>ex, a little hairy 
m the axils: flowers pink. 1 inch or more in diameter: stamens 30 to .50, much 
shorter than the style; fllaments and style red. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 
1890. No. 804. 

This is the same as P. j)ilo«af Proc Amer. Acad. xxi. 417. (Palmer's No. 
79 of 1885.) 

These plants bear numerous slender tubers similarly to I*, stdli/ormis, which 
difters from this species in tlie color of the flowers, longer leaves, and a some- 
what diflerent habit. Perhaj»8 it should be referred to /*. steW/ormis as a variety. 
Specimens have boon cultivated by Mrs. II. L. T. Wolcott^rtt Halifax, Muas., to 
whom I am iudebted for some fine bluomiug plants. 



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MALVACBJE. 

Malvastnuu scabrum (Cav.) Gray \u Bot. Wilkes Exped. i. 147 (1854); Malva 
scahra Cav. Diss. v. 281, t. 138, f. 1 (1788). Ouly fruiting specimens collected. 
Grotvs in rich bottoms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 790. 

MalvaBtrum apicatum (L.) (iray, PI. Fendl. 22 (1849); Malta sjmaia L. Amwn. 
Acad. V. 401 (1760). Very common about the lagoon at Manzanillo. December 
1 to 31, 1890. No. 1040. 

Malvastnim tricuspidatmn (Ait.) Gray, Pi. Wright, i. 16 (1852); Malva tricuspi- 
data Ait. Hort. Kow. ed. 2. iv.210 (1812), Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 1041. 

Anoda hastata Cav. Diss. i. 38, 1. 11, f. 2 (1785), Jide Baker. A common plant in low 
places about Manzanillo. December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 909. 

Anoda pentaschista Gray, PI. Wright, ii. 22 (1853). Agiabampo, October 3 to 5, 
1890. No. 780. 

Gaya minutiflora Rose, sp. nov. Stems erect with many ascending branches : leaves 6 
to 12 lines long (on petioles mostly 6 to 15 lines long), ovate, acute, cordate or 
truncate at base, dentate: flowers axillary, solitary, on peduncles (6 to 45 Hues 
long) mostly longer than the petiole of the subtending leaf: calyx 4 lines broad 
with 5 ovate-acute to 2iciiminate lobes: petals ** cream-colored," 3 lines long, 
broadly wedge-shaped: styles 10: capsule broadly ovate, acute: carpels 9 to 10, 
4 lines long, 1-seeded: seed puberulent. — Not common. Found along a creek 
near Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1167. 

This is also No. 1939 of Capt. John Donnell Smith's distribution, under G. 
hermannioidea, PI. Guat. pt. 2. 6. This species resembles in habit 0. hej'man- 
nioideSf but has smaller flowers, longer petioles, fewer carpels, difl'erent-shaped 
capsules, etc. 

" I think it is perfectly distinct from G. htrmannioides H. B. K. ; in fact, it conies 
nearer to subtriloha H. B. K. We have a specimen of this latter species which 
was named by Mr. Triana, and which comes from New Granada, and although 
not very like the figure I think it must be correct. Your minutiflora diff*er8 from 
this specimen of auhtril^ba in its smaller leaves, which are acute and not acumi- 
nate, rather smaller flowers, and fewer carpels. Of course, compared with the 
figure in H. H. K. it seems tptally dift'erent, but in our syiecimen the flowers nre 
not always .nxillary on the main stem, but sometimes on lateral branches." E. G. 
Baker in lit. 

Sida acuta carpinifolia (L.) K. Schum. Fl. Bras, xii, pt. 3, 326. (1891); S. carjnn- 
i folia L. f. Supp. Syst. Veg. 307 (1781). Stems about 4 feet high. Very common. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. Nos. 908, 1130. The branches are cut and 
tit'd in bunches and used for brooms by the Mexicans. 

**This approaches S. acuta Burm. by its narrower leaves, but is not exactly 
the typical form of this species." E. G. Baker. This was reported to me by 
Mr. Baker under the naiue S. carpinifolia^ but in his recent ''Synopsis of 
Malvoa; " he has followed K. Schumann as given above. 

3ida diffusa H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. v. 257 (1821). Colima, January 9 to 
February 6, 1891. No. 1130. 

Sida dumosa Swartz, Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 101 (1788). Armeria, February 15, 1891. 
No. 1249. 

Sida rhombifolia L. Sp. PI. ii. 684 (1753). Common about the lagoon at Manza- 
nillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1004. 

Sida urens L. Anupu. Acad. v. 402 (1760), /rfe E. G. Baker. Manzanillo, December 
1 to 31, 1890. No. 1004a. 

Sida ulmifolia Cav. Diss. i. 15, t.2, f. 4 (1785), fide Baker. Manzanillo, December 
1 to 31, 1890. No. 936. 

Sida glutincea Cav. Di>s. i. 16, t. 2, f. 8 (1785), ioimvL^Jidv Baker, Colima, January 
9 to February 6, 1891, N^o. U09. 



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Sida sp. Manzauillo^ December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1003. 

** I am rather puz/led with this ])lant. It \», of conrse, a Sida and comns iteai 
Sida aggregata Presl, Keliq. H:euk. We have not the type of this, so I have 
only thedefscription to go by. It al»o comes rather near a plant I described as 5. 
barclayij but has totally different leaves. It may be new.*' E. G. Baker. 

Wissadola rostrata Planch, in Hook. Fl. Nig. 229 (1849). Carpels 3 or 4. Foottl 
along fences in river bottoms. Coliiiia, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1 137- 

Wissadula hixsutiflora (PresI); fiastardia hirsuiiftora Presl, Reliq. Hsenk. ii, lli^ 
(1836). Colima. Fel)ruar>' 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1307. 

When I first studied this plant, more than two years ago, I considered it a 
new si>ecieH of inssadnlay and so sent it to Mr. E. G. Baker, who was then pre- 
paring his Synopsis of Malvea*. He reported it as the lUutardia hirsuH^orm of 
Presl. While my plant does not answer to PresFs description in all respect*. 
Mr. Baker is doubtless right in considering them the same. One thing, however, 
seems certain, and that is that PresFs )dant belongs with Wisstadula rather than 
with liastardiOf although Mr. Baker (see Jouru. Bot. xxxi. 68) still retains it in 
the latter genus. 

It differs from Ba^iardia in having three styles and carpels instead of fivr, 
three ovules instead of one in each cell, and the car|>els constricted with a& 
internal projection. It is like IViasadHlaf in having the peculiar carj>el structure 
of that genus, but the carpels are rounded at the apex and only three in number. 
The flowers are violet instead of yellow. While these differences may not be 
surtici«»nt to establish a generic separation from UinHaduIa^ yet in the light of 
other material which 1 have studied they seem to suggest a good subgenus. 

Either there are 8«'veral valid species belonging to this group, or JT. himmti- 
flora is an extremely variable 8[>ecies. One of these forms is Ahutilon ( Wi^Modmla) 
cinvtHm Brandegee, Zoe, iii. 348 (1893), collected at Las Durasnillas, Souora, and 
with it should probably be referred Palmer's No. 38 (1890) from Alamos. These 
specimens hav*- small rounded leaves, merely acute, with short petioles, and the 
pubescence is short and dense throughout except some pilose hairs on the calyx. 
Another f<»rm, and it certainly seems specifically distinct from that above, is 
Mr. Pringle'sNo. 4610 (1893) from the state of Jalisco, which he has rec*ently dis- 
tributed as a new sj)ecies of Wissadula. The stems are covered with pilose hairs, 
and the leaves, which arc much larger, gradually tai)er from near the base into 
alongacumination. In the same distribution (No. 4578) is another form, near the 
last, but with slightly different pubescence. Paluier's Colima plant has thinner, 
broader leaves, with a broad, open sinus, and an abrupt acnmination. Still 
another form is Palmer^s No. 1720 from Yniala, which has not yet l>een distributed. 

Abutllon bastardioides Baker 111. ms. ; caule vel ramo ligneo terete, foliis cordato- 
ovatis acutis vel acuminatis serratis 7-9-palmati-nervatis membranaceis ntrinque 
tenuiterstellato-pubesceutibus petiolis quam laminis lougioribus vel snbipqni- 
longis, floribus paniculatis, panicalis foliosis laxis, pedunculis gracilibua tere- 
tibus circa medium articulatis, alabastris calycibusque externe brunneopiloiso- 
pubescentibns, sepalis lanccolatis vel ovatis acutis vel acuminatis, carpellis 4-o 
in capsulam loculicidem connatis, carpellis triovulatis intus nudis apice muticis. — 
Hab. Mexico Colima. February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1314. 

Stem or branches woody, canescent, terete except at the apex : leaves cordate^ 
ovat<», acute or acuminate, serrate, generally slightly broader than long; li^ to 2 
inches long, U to 2f inches broad; on both sides finely stellately pubescent, pal- 
matcly 7-nerved, ])etioies as long as or longer than the lamina : panicle lax, leafy : 
peduncles terete, articulated generally about at the middle, above the articulation 
covered with brown somewhat glandular pubescence, often bent at the articula- 
tion : calyx tube campanulate, sepals lanceolate or ovate, acute or acuminate. 
externally together with the tube covered with brown glandular and pilose 
pubescence: petals obovate, longer than the sepals (A inch long): staminal col- 
umn, especially below, covered with stellate white hairs, about 3 lines long: 



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stigma capitately stigtnntoso: capsule composed of 4 or 5 carpels, locnlicidally 
dehiscent, externally incano-pubescent, about ^ inch high, shortertban tbccalyx : 
carpels 3-ovnled, muticous : seeds black, sparsely pubescent. This plant 
approaches the genus liaatardia in the structure of its fruit, there being 4 or 5 
carpels which are entirely muticous and united so as to form a locnlicidally 
dehiscing capsule. 

.A.1>utilon incanum (Link) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 53 (1827); Sida incana Link, Enum. 
Plant, ii. 204 (1822), fide Baker. Armeria, February 15, 1891. No. 1281. Agia- 
bampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 768. 

Dr. Palmer writes as follows of this plant: " The natives call this plant * Tro- 
uadora,' which signifies pojiping of the leaf. It grows about 8 feet high, acquir- 
ing the greatest perfection upon rich bottom lands. It yields a strong, durable 
fiber, which the Zotlahnacar Indians, who live 40 miles southeast of Manzanillo, 
utilize in making hammocks, ropes, and carrying-nets, which are so durable that 
they last from seven to ten years when in constant use." 

According to Dr. Palmer, the fiber is prepared as follows: " When the plant is 
mature, the lateral branches are cut away and the stems areburied in the mud at 
the etlge of Lake Alcuzagiia (Lake of the Devil). Three to four days afterward the 
plants are removed and washed, and are then ready for the stripping of the inner 
bark or fiber. This is done in the following manner: The workman, standing 
npright, with the stem which rests firmly npon the ground in his left hand, presses 
the right thumb firmly upon the stick, and taking the fiber between the fingers, 
he pulls steadily, bending gradually to the work until he falls upon his knees. 
When the fiber is removed the stem rebounds and flies over the shoulder of the 
operator, stri]>ped of half its bark. This seems a very slow process, but Jute was 
formerly cleaned as slowly, and it was only after many and repeatecl trials that 
machinery was perfected to perform this tedious work. Probably this, like jute, 
if allowed to die before cutting, would become brittle, and fit only for paper 
manufacture; therefore, in more northern latitudes it maybe best to cut the 
plants before frost. Experiments will be necessary to ascertain the proper time 
for cutting, the length of time it should be immersed,if water will accomplish 
the same result as mud, rendering the bark soft and pliable." 

A.biitilon triquetrum Presl, Reliq. Haenk. ii. 115 ( 1836).. fide Baker. Along rich hot 
toms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1889. No. 810. 

AbutUon sp. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1314. 

MEalachra radiata L. Syst. Veg.518 (1767); Sida capitata L. Sp. PI. ii. 685 (1753). 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 958. 

Malachra capitata L. Syst. Veg. 518 ( 1767) ; Sida radiata L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 965 ( 1763). 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 962. 

Jtf alvaviacus arboreus Cav. Diss. iii. 131, t. 48, f. 1 (1787), fide Baker. A very showy 
shrub, 10 to 12 feet high: leaves 3 to 6 inches long (petioles 2 to 4 inches long), 
ovate, sometimes subtrilobate, cronate, slightly cordate or truncate at base. 
The fruit, which is edible, is at first red, but becomes yellow when mature. The 
shrub is called '* Monacillo," while the fruit is known as *'Manzanita." Man- 
zanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 963. 

''This plant certainly docs not agree with Cavanille's description of arbor eiia 
where the leaves are described as *3-5-lobi8,' but 1 think it comes near this spe- 
cies." E. G. Baker in lit. 

Kosteletskya asterocarpa Turcz. Bull. Soc. Mos. xxxi. pt. 1. 191 (1858), fide Baker. 
Branches slender, hispid with spreading hairs or stellate-pubescent: leaves nar- 
rowly lanceolate to linear, serrate, acute, Ii to4 inches long, stellate-pubescent, 
truncate at base or with one or two auricles or lobes; petioles 3 to 6 lines long: 
peduncle 10 to 20 lines long: flowers small, yellow: involucre of 8 to 9 filiform 
bractlets shorter than the calyx: sepals 2 lines long, obtuse: capsule 5-celIed, 
hispid on the angles. Collected from a garden at Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. 
No. 1362. 



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Kosteletzkya saglttata Presl, Reliq. Hirnk. ii. 131, t. 70 (1836). Probably tbis sp* 
cies or one closely related to it. About 3 feet liigh : leaves sometime.s tnnic^iti? 
at base: tlowers small, *' white, shaded with pink," drying a yellowish grefu: 
stamiueal tube short: seeds with short t-risped hairs. Only one plant ^eta, 
near a lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 951. 

Hibiscus coulteri Harvey in Gray, Ph Wright, i. 23 (1852). "Flowers c^uiary color 
with purple base." Collected along a creek botton at Agiabam}>o, October 3 to 
15,1890. No. 779. 

Hibiscus sabdariflfa (f) L. Sp. PI. ii. 695 (1753). About 4 feet high, nearly gla- 
brous: leaves simple or deeply 3-cleft, dentate, 3 to 5 inches long: flowen 
axillary, solitary on short (3 to 4 lines long) peduncles : involucre gamopbyllou^. 
10-cleft: calyx 12 to 18 lines long, deeply 5- to 6-cleft into ovate, acumiDat*' 
divisions, dark purple: corolla spreading to 1^ inches, yellow with a black ff 
purplish eye: style 5-cleft; stigma capitate: capsule globular, 6 to 9 lines 1od|j, 
5-celled: cells 4- to 7-8eedcd. Cultivated at Manzanillo, but said to be native. 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1065. 

Dr. Palmer says: *'The stems, involucre, and capsules are copper-red. The 
Mexicans gather the fleshy ciipsules arid use them after drjnng to make a cool 
refreshing drink. This is an important article of commerce and is sold all over 
Mexico." 

I have grown this plant in my grounds, but was not successful in getting it to 
flower. The young plants are a bright purple and the leaves are all simple. 

Hibiscus tiliaceus L. Sp. PI. ii. 694 (1753). Very common along the banks of % 
ravine at Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1054. 

Hibiscus (Bombycella) sp. Shrubby 4 feet high: leaves mostly 3-lobed, serrate; 
central lobe acute or acuuiinate peduncles 2 to 3 inches long, longer than the 
leaves : involucral bracts 11, cleft to the base, linear, 3-nerved, longer than the 
capsule: calyx cleft below the middle, shorter than the capsule: capsule globoee, 
5-celled, 4 lines long, jmbescent with appressed hairs at the top: seed with long 
cottony, dirty-white hairs. Not found in flower. Under brush along a creek. 
Agiabampo, October 3 to 1.5, 1890. No. 776 

Near //. phaniceus var. of Palmer's 1885 collection, butdiifering in having lobed 
leaves, longer peduncles, shorter and more globose capsule, etc. 

Cienfuegosia palmeri Rose, sp. nov. An upright shrub, 6 to 8 feet high : leaver 
heart-shaped, acuminate, 2 to 4 inches long, on petioles 1 inch or less long: 
flowers axillary on short peduncles: bractlets .3, minute, 3 lines long with a 
small pit at the base without: calyx cup-shaped, 4 lines long, with 5 small acute 
or acuminate teeth, black-dotted: corolla large, white with dark purple center, 
or becoming purplinh throughout in age: petals 2 inches long: stamina! colamn 
elongat^^d, bearing anthers throughout its entire length except near the base: 
style clavate, slightlv 'Globed: capsule oblong, 1 inch long, apiculate, black -dot- 
ted, glabrous, 3-celled: seeds several in each cell, lanate, ovoid. — In ahady 
woods about Colima, February 27, 1891. No. 1316. 

This plant has much the habit of Hibiscus, but its relationships are evidently 
with the above genus 

Ceiba (Euone) grandiflora Rose, sp. nov. A small tree, 15 to 20 feet high, 8 to 12 
inches in diameter: branches covered with short straight prickles, mostly infra- 
stijmlar: petioles 2 to 4 inches long; leaflets glabrous, 3 to 5, oblong, cuueateat 
base Csometimes tapering into a jietiolule), obtuse or acute, entire or slightly 
serrulate, ^ to 3^ inches long: calyx narrowly campanulate, 8 to 10 lines Ions, 
with 3 small equal obtuse teeth, glabrous without, silky within: petals white, 
silky, especially without, strap-shaped, 4 to 5 inches long: stamens 5; filaments 
long (3^ inches), each with 2 anthers, united at base into a tul>e 9 lines iu 
length with 5 small teeth at its apex: style glabrous: capsule oblong, 4^ inches 



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long. — In rich valleys aiul in the nionntains about Manzanillo December 1 to 31, 
1800. No. 1050. 

Called " Pochote " or tree cotton. Dr. Palmer says: ** The flowers are borne 
at the extremity of the branches; they are fleshy with a waxy appearance^ at 
first white, then changing to brown (snuff color) before falling.'' 

This species seems nearest C. rosta Sebum., but is not so tall and has larger, 
differently colored flowers. We have followed Dr. K. Schumann in taking up the 
name Ceiha in place of Eriodendroiu 

STERCITLIACEiB. 

Physodia corymbosa Pre«l, Reliq. Haenk. ii. 150, t. 72 (1836). About 10 feet high 
with a few weak stems leaning for support on adjacent shrubs. Colima, Febru- 
ary 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1372. 

Palmer's plant from Jalisco (No. 86), 1886, has acuminate sepals and may be 
designated variety acuminata var. nov. Dr. K. Schumann refers this genus 
to Melochia in Engler &, Prantl, Pflanzenf. iii. teil. 6 abt. 80, but it seems 
very distinct from our Mexican and North American species of that genus. 
Melochia pyramidata L. Syst. ed. 10. ii. 1140 ( 1759). This plant has several slender 
stems from the base: flowers i)iuk. Common in level places at the base of the 
mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 912. 
Melochia plicata Presl, Reliq. Haenk. ii. 145 (1836). Few stems from the base, 
erect, 5 feet high or less: flowers rose-colored. Common on the sides of the 
mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 956. 

This seems to be the old species collected by Haenke at Acapulco, which, so far 
as 1 can learn, has not since been found. 

Its resemblance to M. tomentoea is striking, but it is easily distingnished by 
the fruit. 
Waltheria detonsa Gray, PI. Wright, ii. 24 (1853). Partly prostrate. A common 
plant between the mountains and the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 
1890. No. 1039. 
Waltheria americana L. Sp. PI. ed.2. ii.941 (1763). A common plant about the 
lagoon at the base of the mountains. The Mexicans use a decoction of the 
leaves for washing wounds. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 961. 
Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. Encyc. iii. 52 (1789). A medium-sized tree, 25 feet high 
and 1 foot in diameter. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 960. 

It is called ^'Guacima," and is used in many ways by the Mexicans as a medi- 
cine. The fruit is often eaten. 
Ayenia manzanilloana Rose, sp. nov. Fruticose : leaves lanceolate, acute, serrate, 
10 to 20 lines long, slightly pubescent: flowers 1 to 5 in the axils of the upper 
leaves: peduncles (pedicels) 4 to 8 lines long: sepals ovate, acute: petals with 
2 small teeth close to the point of union with staniinal cup, and with a long 
appendage on the back tipped with brown : anthers 3-celled : ovary on a stipe, 
1 line long, glabrous except the numerous brown glands. — Very common in the 
mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 940. 
Ayenia pusilla L. Syst. ed. 10. ii. 1247 (1759). Common in shade near the lagoon. 

Manzanillo, December 1 to 31. 1890. No. 976. 
Baettneriacarthagenensis .J acq . Stirp. Amer. Pict. 41 (1780). Manzanillo, December 
1 to 31, 1890. No. 1026. 

TILIACE23. 

Triamfetta semitrlloba L. Mant. i. 73 (1767). Variable in height up to 5 feet. 
In various parts of the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 
902. 

It is called **Abrojo." The roots are used for diseases of the liver, kidneys, 
and spleen. 



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HeliooarpnatomentOBUB Tiircz. Bull. 8oc. Nat. Mosc xxxi. pt. 1. 225 (1858). AsmaP 
tree, 15 to 30 feet high, 3 to 5 inches in <liaineter. with a very large l«p and a 
great abundance of fruit. Very common all over the mountains. Manzanillo. 
December 1 to 31, 1890. N«.. 986. 

The ])lant was colletted in fruit only, and is tentatively referred here. It is not 
nearly so pubescent as our herbarium specimens nor as the original descriptioa 
requires, and fuller material may show it to bo a new species. 

CorchoruB acutangulus Lam. Encyc. ii. 104(1786). Only a single spet^imen foumi 
near the base of the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1H4. 
I have thus referred my plant, although I have seen no specimens of tiie 
species otherwise, nor have I any knowledge of its having been report-ed fr«>m 
Mexico before. Wight's figure (Icon. t. 739) shows numerous stamens, while tin- 
single flower on my plant had but 10 stamens. 

CorchoniB siliquoBUs L. 8p. PI. i. 529 (1753). Only a few plants fonnd near a water- 
ditch. Colima, .January 9 to Februarv 6, 1891. No. 1231. 

CorchoruB pilolobus Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. ii. 72 (1822). Only a single plant 
found near the base of the mountains. ManzaniHo, December 1 to 31, 189l>. No. 
922. Also found in a creek bottom at Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 763- 

MALPIGHIACEiC. 

Malpighia ovata Rose, ep.nov. Shrub, 3 to 15 feet high, glabrous throughout, or a 
little hairy in the intloresceuce : leaves opjjosite, broadly ovate, ucumiuate, 
slightly tapering at base to truncate or even a little cordate, pale beneath, 
somewhat reticulated, 2 to 2^ in(;heH long, 1^ to 2 inches broad, on very short but 
flistinct petioles: flowers in small axillary umbels or corymbs; peduncles short: 
pedicels 3 to 5 lines long, j*»inted and 2-bracteate near the middle, the npjier 
half thickened in age: calyx lO-glandnlar : petals 5, cuneate at base into a 
slender claw: stamens 10, slightly united at base, glabrous: anthers obtuse: 
styles 3, obtuse: drupe 3-pyrenous, 4 lines in diameter: pyrene cariuale, with o 
horizontal crests. — Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 900. 
For illustration see PI. xxviii. 

Medpighia umbellata' Rose, sp. nov. A large shrub 8 feet high, intricately mncb 
branched: leaves glabrous or when y(iung pubescent with apiiressed hain*. 
obovate to oblong, obtuse to retuse, mostly tapering toward the base, 10 to IS 
lines long, 4 to 8 lines wide: fruit in small umbel-like clusters, either sessile or 
on very short peduncles: pedicels 9 to 12 lines long, jointed considerably below 
the middle: flowers not seen: calyx 5-to 8-glandular: drupe red, ovate to oval. 
2 to 3 lines in diameter. — Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 799. 
For illustration see PI. xxix. 
The fruit is edible and is called Mulberry or ''Mora de Campo." 

Bunchosia sp. A small tree, 10 to 14 feet high, 3 to 4 inches in diameter, with large 
synmietrical top: leaves glabrous (sometimes with a few hairs beneath), 3 too 



'Very near the above species is Malpighia watsoni ( Hunchosia parri flora WaUon. 
Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 42), but the latter (litters in the following points. It is a small 
shrub 3 to 4 feet high, leaves acute with rounded base, the calyx with more glands, 
the fruit much larger and the i)yrene more sharply ribbed, etc. This species seems 
clearly to belong to Malpiffhia rather than to Jiuucho^iia, from which it differs in its 
distinct styles, cristate pyrene, and ]nnk flijwers. 

This species may properly bear Dr. Sereno Watson's name as M. j)arriflorn has 
already been used by .Tussieu. 

I would also refer as Malpighia guadalajarensiB Palmer's No. 490, from Jalisco 
collected in 1886, the type of Jhtiichotfia gnadalaJarensiH Watson, Proc. Amer. Acfid. 
xxii.401. 



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inches long, 2 to 3 inches broad : calyx 8-glan(ln]ar: dnipe *' yellow," or reddish, 
fleshy, compressed, acute, glabrouH, 7 to 8 lines broad, 2-pyrenou8. Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1064. 

Dr. Palmer says, "It resembles a magnolia tree; its large leaves and large 
handsome clusters of yellow fruit should recommend it for cultivation in our 
Southern States." 

It is nearest B. palmerif but has broader and glabrous leaves, and 8- (instead of 
10-) glandular calyx, with differently shaped fruit and more compact inflorescence. 

It seems to be a good species. 
Bunchosia sp. Small tree, 10 to 12 feet high, with glabrous branches: leaves 
oblong, acute, tapering and a little oblique at liase, without glands, glabrous 
above, with a few scattered, appressed hairs beneath (more pubescent when 
young), 1^ to 2^ inches long, in- 
cluding the petiole (3 to 6 lines 
long), 1 to H inches broad : ra- 
cemes 1 to 3 in each axil, 3 to 4 
inches long, including the pe- 
duncle (6 to 18 lines long), ca- 
nescent: pedicels 3 to 6 lines 
long, jointed near the base and 
l.'caring 1 or 2 glands near the 
joint: calyx 8-glandular; sepals 
oblong, obtuse, pubescent: pe- 
tals yellow, 4 lines long, includ- 
ing the claw: stamens 10, near- 
ly equal, connate for one-third of 
their length: anthers obtuse; 
styles connate: stigma. peltate: 
drupe *' orange," drj*, com- 
pressed-globose, pubescent, 2- 
pyrenous, 6 lines broad. Man- 
zanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 1056. 

This species is near B, palmeri 
Watson, but has different leaves, 
number of glands, calyx lobe^s, 
ovary, and fruit. This tree 
grows on the mountain side. 
It has a very irregular top. 
Sctainopterys lappula Juss. Arch. 
Mus. Par. iii. 342 (1843). Co- 
liina, February 27 and W8. 1891. 
No. 1308. 
HeteropteryB* gayana Juss. Arch. 

Mus. Par. iii. 439 (1843), /iV/f Hemsley. A tall climbing shrub with l.irge frnit 
clusters: samaras sometimes 2 but mostly single, "l>right cherry color above. 






Fio. 2 a, Petal of Tleteropteryi palmeri: h. petal of R. 

portillana; a and I eiilargwl; c. daiiiara of Palmer's 
No. 6r»6 (JI. palmeri); d, samara of Palmer's No. 1025 
(U. gayana): e ami d natuial nize. 



* Heieropterifa palmei-i Rose, sp. nov. This species differs from H. portillana in the 
following particulars: leaves lanceolate to ovate, 2 to 3 inches long, 9 to 12 lines 
broad, obtuse or acute; jietioles and base of blade without glands or with an occa- 
sional one; petioles 3 to 6 lines long: flowers in panicles of small corymbs: pedicels 
slender: flowers and glands smaller: sepals shorter: petals 4, oblong to obovate, 2 
lines long, reflexed with cuneate base and short claw; the fifth petal larger with 
thick claw and erect: samarse mostly 2; dorsal wing 9 lines long. — Alamos, 1890. 
No.s. 655, a^fi. 

This is the H. portillana^ p. 95 of this volume. 



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312 

old-gold below," with several stnall lateral crests; dorsal wing 12 to 15 lions 
loug. Only a single plant neeii near the base of the iiionn talus. ManzaDilU^^ 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1025. 

These specimens are only in frnit. 

The flower characters of H. portillano, a closely related species, are here added: 
sepals 5, 1^ lines long, obtnse; glands 8: petals 5, 2^ lines long including the 
short claw; blade oblong with trnncate or sagittate base, with a thick midrib. 

Bourgean's No. 3112, referred to H. gayana in Biol. Cent.-Anier., seems to bf 
H. heechyana. 
Hiraea mezicana Rose, sp. nov. Shrub with slender hanging branches, sometinies 
trailing over bushes : young branches lauate-pubescent, becoming glabrate with 
age: leaves opposite, oblong to oval, obtuse or acutish with rounded or some- 
what tapering base, somewhat pubescent beneath (lanate or soft'-silky wbea 
young), glabrous above (a little pubescent when young), 2^ to 3} inches long. 
1 to If inches broad ; petioles pubescent, 3 to 8 lines loug, with 2 glands near the 
middle: flowers in 3-to 6-flowered umbels or corymbs: peduncles slender : ped- 
icels 6 to 9 lines long, pubescent: calyx with 8 large glands: petals yellow. 4 
or 5 lines in diameter, denticulate, with a claw 1 line long: stameus 10, short, 
nearly equal ; the fllameuts unequally connate above the middle; anthers obtnse: 
styles 3: samara3 pubescent, with 3 wings, these equal or nearly so (central one 
sometimes more prominent), 1^ inches broad, 2 to 3} inches loug. — Armeria, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1891. No. 1275. 

For illustration see PI. xxx. 

In foliage and flowers this species is nearest H. grrg^i, but it has mach larger 
fruit, and is apparently distinct. 

Z7GK>PH7I.I.ACEiB. 

Tribtdus grandifloru8(Torr.) Benth.&Hook. Gen. Plant. 1.264 (1862); KalUirctmia 
grandiflora Torr. in Gray, PI. Wright, i. 28 (1852). Plant procumbent. Found in 
rich bottoms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1891. No. 783. Also on gniasy 
plains, though not common. Colima, January 9 to February 15, 1891. No. 1110. 

TribuluB mazimus L. Sp. PI. i. 386 (1753). Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 
786. 

GERANIACEiB. 

Ozalia berlandieri Torr. Mex. Bound. Surv. 41 (1^59). Only a few plants found 
along a mountain trail. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1008. 

The finding of this rare Texan jilant in central Mexico is interesting Jind it shonld 
be looked for further north. JIuh species had not been collected since the Mexi- 
can Boundary Survey was published, until Pringlc and Nealley got it in 1890. 

RUTACE^:. 

Monnieria trifolia L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 986 (1763). In wet places along the bay. 
opposite the village. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 927. 

This genus is not credited to Mexico by Mr. Hcmsley in Biol. Centr.-Amer.,nor 
do I iind it reported anywhere from Mexico. The range of this si>ecies is given 
as Brazil and (tuiana. It is not rei)re8ented in the National Herbarium, but 
through the kindness of Dr. Robinson I have examined the three sheets from 
the (iray Herbarium. 

My specimens have broa<ler leaflets and the terminal one has a narrow cuneate 
bsise, the peduncles longer, and the two larger sejuils broa<ler, and the pellucid 
dots are not so conspicuous. Future study may show that this form constitutes 
a good variety. 



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313 

SIMARUBACE^:. 

Quassia amara L. f. Siippl. Syst. Veg. 235 (1781). Only a single plant seen near 

the edge of woods. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18. 1891. No. 1.338. 
Xligiostachys bracteata Plan. Lond. Journ. Bot. vi. 30 (1847). A small tree, 10 
feet high, with trunk 3 inches in diameter, bearing a large branching top; 
leaflets very variable in size and shape: flowers "white" or yellow: petals 
oblong, 4 lines long, cuncate at bane: ovaries 1 or 2, 2-9eede<l: seeds collateral: 
fruit, a small drupe (f), 8 to 9 lines long: brown, glabrous, with a thin brittle 
integument: seed oblong, 6 lines long: cotyledons fleshy, incumbent; albumen 
none. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1334. 

Bentham and Hooker state that the ovules are frequently solitary. In the 
few cases I have examined, the ovules were uniformly two. This species has not 
before been collected in fruit. Galleotti'88i>erimens were only in flower and were 
obtained from the coast of Oaxaca about the year 1839. 8o far as I can learn 
this species- has not since been collected. The position of the genus is very 
uncertain, as the history of it will show. 

This genus was described by Planchon in Hooker's Lond. Journ. Bot. vi. 29 
(1847). He places it next to Snriana ( Simarubaceo') andconsiders it a connecting 
link between the orders Connaracew and Ochnaceo', Ho states that it has the 
leaves of a Sapindua {Sapindacew), the aspect of a Gomphia, and the structure 
of Suricna. 

Walper in his Annalcs Bot. Syst. i. 202 (1848) refers the genus to Connaraoece, 
and Bentham Hooker in Gen. Plant, i. 309 (1862) place it in Simaruhacece, but 
speak of its doubtful athnities and suggest its probjiblo reference to J^oeaceat. 
Baillou in Adinsonia x. 42 (1871) is also inclined to refer it to this latter order. 
Hemsley in Biol. Centr.-Amer. i. 173, retains it in Simarubacecv. 

Baillon also refers to the genus in Hist, des PI. iv. 408 (translation iv. 415) and 
Diet. Bot. iii. 738. 
Alvaradoa amorphoides Liebm. Kjoeb Vidensk. Meddel. 1853. 101 (1854). Colima, 
January to February 6, 1891. No. 1245. 

Prof. Kadlkofer considers that this genus belongs to Simarvbacea^ rather than 
to Sapindac€(F, to which it has generally been referred. 

BIJRSERACE23. ^ 

Sursera laziflora Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 44 (1889). A small tree on the 
rolling hills .ind plains. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 797. 

Bursera ovalifolia Engler, in DC. Monog. Phan. iv. 40 (1883). A tree 30 feet high 
with long naked trunk 1 foot in diameter, and large umbrella-like top: leaflet^ 
1 to 5: fruit in short racemes. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1388. 

This is one of the most conspicuous trees of the mountain slopes facing the 
lagoon at Manzanillo. 

Bursera palmerl AVatson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 402 (1887). A small tree, 10 feet 
high, with 2 stems from the base: leaflets larger and less reticulated than in the 
type. Along the sandy beach. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 987. 

MELIACEiB. 

Ouarea palmeri Rose, Bot. Gaz. xix. 39 (1894); foliis modice petiolatis 2-r)-jugi8, 
foliolis oppositis subsessilibus o basi cuneata oblongis vel obovato-lanceolatis 
apice obtusis supra glabris snbtus ad axillas nervorum secuudariorum pilosis, 
pauiculis simplicibus raccuiifonnibus, calyce obtuse 4-partito, ovario glabro 
4-locnlari loculis uniovulatis, rapsula subglobosa glabra la'vi, semine in arillo 
Ijpterubro immerso. — In Manzanillo (Palmer 1391). 

Arbor mediocris 5 m. alta glabra, Martc fructifera, corona lata symmetrica. 
Kami pallide fuscescentcs lenticillis concoloribus. Folia 12-26 cm. longa. l^oliola 



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314 

ad 12 cm. longa ad 4 cm. lata in sicco firmula pallida subopaca epnnctata snpr^ 
nitentia, nervis secundariis utriuque circiter8. Rhacbis cum petiolo circiur 
2 cm. longo teres glabra. Pauicuhe cum foliis eoii'taueis. Capsula pallide fa5- 
cesceoA 2 cm. louga 22 mm. lata 4-locnlari8. Cotyledones transvente siiperpodti 
crassi, radicula iiicluMa, plumula minima. 

Species G. brack ystachycc C. DC. et G.filijormi C. DC. affinis. 
Trichilia colimana C. DC. Bot. Gaz. xix. 40 (1894); foliis modice petiolatk 
5-6-jugi»y foliolis subtequalibus petiolulatis oppositis subaltemisve ]aDceo]ati« 
basi leviter in»>quali acutis apice acute acumiuatis supra subtnsqno dcnsiog 
])ilo8ulis,panicnlis fructiferis simplicibus quam folia plnries bre\ioribua, rapsulis 
pedicellatis 3- vel abortu 2-valvati8, valvis late ovatis transverse nignlosis 
hirsutism loculis monospermis, seminibus subglobosis arillo aurantiaco circam- 
datis.— In Colima (/'a/wicr 1117). 

Ramuli adulti glabri, in sicco rufescentes lent! cellis pallid- 
ioribus inconspicuis. Folia ad 30 em. longa impari-pinQata. 
Foliola su}>eriora ca*teris parum majora ad 7.5 mm. lon^^ad 
22 umi. lata in sicco lirmule membranacea incousx>icuo snb- 
tiliter polliicido-punctulata, nervis secuudariis subadAcen- 
dentibuH utrinque 10-12. Rhacliis cum petiolo 7 cm. longa 
tores pilosula. Paniculj© fnictiferje circiter 8 ciu. \ongx. 
Capsnlarum valvar circiter 1 cm. longa*. Embryo intra 
sarculum persistentem extus peribpermio pulverulent^ albo 
circumdatum inclusus, cotyledonibus camosis ellipticis, rad- 
icula exserta brevi obtusa, plumula minima. 
Trichilia havanensis spatulata Rose, var. nov. Small tree, 1.5 
to 20 I'ect high with a very large top : leavers small with long 
cuneate base, becoming spatulate. — Colima, January 9 to 
February 6, 1891. No. 1136. 
Called **Garrapatilla." 

M. C. de Caiidolle, to whom I afterwards submitted the 
plant, writes me as follows : 

'* 1 cpiite agree with you as to the specimen (Palmers No. 

1136) which you have sent to me. It differs from Trichilia 

haranetiHts by its narrower lea Hets only, and umst accortlingly 

be taken as a variety of that species — T. havanensis apalntala 

as you propose.*' 

Trichilia palmeri. CDC. Bot. Gaz. xix. 3 (1894); foliis par\-is 

modice ]>etiolatis 3-foliolatis, foliolis petiolulatis lanceolatis 

Fio •{ — A leaf of JVi- ^'^^'* ^^^l^^^^ acutis apice breviter obtuse cuspidatia supra 

ehilia havanenns tpa- glabri subtup velutino-pubemlis, panicnlis glabris breviter 

futoto, drawn natural ramulosi fructiferi quam folia multnm brevioribus ple- 

''''^*'" ruiiKiuo monocarpinis cax)sulis apice ramulorum sessilibus 

globosis parvis, valvis ovuto-acutis glabris extus nigrescentibus lerticellis palli- 

dis numerosis couspersis, seminibus ellii>tiois. — Iv Mexico (Palm^ 1, 292).* 

Februario fructifera. Ramuli glabri pnllide fuscescentes lenticellis albiacon- 
Hpersi. Folia ad 9 cm. longa. Foliola in sieco tirmo-membranacea inconspioue 
subtiliter pellucido-punetulata subpcllucida, termiualia 7.5 cm. longa 3 cm. lata 
latoralia paruni minora, nervis secuudariis subadseendentibus suboppoaitis 
utrinque 8-10. Petioluliad 6 mm. longi subtiliter puberuli. Petiolia<l2cm.longi. 
Paiiirul.e hornotiuiP axillares glabra'. Capsula i)anlo latior quam longa, circiter 
7 mm. lata. Semina circiter 4 mm. longa elliptica in sicco tlarieantia. Embryo 
perispenuict albo tenui iucluHUs, cotyledonibus carnosis basi coidulatis, radicula 
'.'XHcrta subrtjtunda, plumula minima. 



* Dr. Palmer eolleeted T. ftpomUoidea Swartz on tbe Alamos Mt. March 25 t<» Ajiril 
8, 1890 (No. 309), but it was not given iu my report <m that collection. — J. N. R. 



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315 

Species sicat subseqnens ao tertia e Guatemala alio loco describenda semine 
perispermiutu includente radicnlaque o cotyledonibuH exserta a caeteris Trichiliia 
quorum fructus uotuH eat discrepans. 

RHAMNACEiB. 

Zizyphua mezicana Kose^ Hp. uov. A tree 25 feet liigii, 9 inches iu diameter, with 
large, dense top; spines straight au<l Hcattered; leaves oblong, 2 to 3 inches 
long, strongly 3-nerved, coriaceous, glabrous, obtuse or retuse, cuneute or 
rounded at base, crenately toothed; petioles 3 to 8 lines long; peduncle 6 lines 
long; flowers 8 to 10 in a small umbel; peduncle and pedicels (as well as young 
leaves and branches) a little pubescent: calyx nearly glabrous, 5-parted: petals 
5, small: stamens 5: fruit drupaceous, 6 to 8 lines in diameter.— On hills about 
Armeria, February 27 and 28. No. 1278. 

This species seems nearest Z. gnatenialensis, but it is a small tree, with leaves 
commonly cuneate at base, and longer petioles and peduncles. Mr. Ilemsley writes 
me that the species is quite distinct. The fruits are gathered by the Mexicans 
and sold in the markets by the dozen. They are used m the place of soap and 
are highly i)rized for washing woolen goods. They are called " Amole." 
Karw^inskia humboldtiana Zucc. Nov. 8tirp. fasc. 1, 353(1832). A compact shrub 
10 to 12 feet high. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 959. 

Called " Margareta." The twigs and leaves are much used in cases of fever, 
etc. 
Karwinskia parvifolia liose,sp. uov. Large bush, 5 to 10 feet high, glabrous through- 
out: leaves opx)osite or subopposite, small, oblong, or linear-oblong, about 1 
inch long on short petioles, obtuse, rounded, or somewhat tapering at base, the 
margin somewhat black-dotted ; stipule minute : pedicels short; peduncles short 
or none : stigma 2-lobed : fruit mostly single, axillary, black, 2-celled. — Agia- 
bampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 773. 

For illustration see PI. xxxi. 

This plant is not in flower, but it has all the iiulications of being a Kancins- 
kia. It differs from K, humboldliana in its much smaller leaves, the fruit more 
tapering at base, its larger disk, etc. 

Mr. Hemsley writes me that it is not Coulter's (No. 3) from Sonora, nor is it 
represented in the Herbarium at Kew. 
Colubrina arborea (f) Brandegee, Zoe, iv. 401 (1894). Along the edge of thick 
woods. Armeria, February 15, 1891. No. 1293. 

Dr. Palmer says this tree has the habit of the weeping willows. Its long 

hanging branches are loaded with fruit. I have referred this plant as above 

' with some doubt. I at first described it as a new species, but since then Mr. 

Brandegee has described a species from Lower California under the above name, 

to which my jilant probably belongs. 

AMPELIDACEiB. 

CissuB sicyoides L. 8yst. ed. 10. ii. 897 (1759). Trailing over bushes along the 

lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1075. 
CissuB sp. Leaflets 3. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 784. 

SAPINDACEiB. 

Sexjania fuBOopunotata Radlkofer, sp. nov. Scandens, fruticosa, subincano- 
pubescens; rami canaliculato-6-siilcati, ad angulos pilis patulis cano-pubes- 
centes, cortice subfusco; corpus lignosum simplex, sulcatum ; folia biternata 
(interdum foliolorum terminalium conformatione transitum in siipradecompo- 
sita indicautia) ; foliola ovata, acuta, mucrouulata, basi rotundata vel sub- 



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316 

eordata in petiolulos iibriipte contracta, integerrima vel (lateralia pra*»ertini) 
iitrinque grosse 1-2-deutata, iienninervia, utrinqiie pubeseentia glaodiilisqtie 
mitTOscopicis adspenia, membrauacea, e viridi fusoescentia^ puDctis pellacidis 
fuscisa latere superioreimpressisnotata, epidermide macigcra (paginte superiorb 
quoquestomatibusiustructa) ; potiolinudi, petioluli sabmarginati ; thyrsi rhAcbi 
abbreviata subcorymbi formes, dense cincinniferi ; cincinni stipitati; flores 
majnsculi, flavescentes; Hepala omnia canescenti-tomentella; fmctus semi- 
matiiri fusco-purpurei, matiiri pallescentes, ovati vel subelliptici^ basi et apice 
oxcisi, glabrati^ loculis latis tumidis reticulato-nervosis, dorso carinatis ecri*- 
tatis, eudocarpio glabro; somen prope lociili basin insertum. 

Rami thyrsigeri diamotro 2-4 mm. Folia (majora) 15 cm. longa, t«>tidein 
lata; foliola terminalia (petiolulo ad 2.5 cm. longo exclnso) 7 cm. longa^ 4.5 cul 
lata, lateralia decrescentim minora, petiolus communis 2 cm., partialinm iiit^^r- 
medius4 cm., Iaterale82.5 cm, longi ; stipuhe minnta*, ovato-triangulares. Thyrsi 
4-14 cm. longi, rhachi 2.5 cm. vix excedente; cincinni abbre>iati; pedicelU 
4 mm. longi, medio articulati. Flores: — Sepala interiora 4 mm. longa. Petala 
sepalis longiora, intns glandiilis vix ullis obsita; squamje siiperiores petaU 
diiuidia superantes, crista divaricato-bifida appendiceqne dcflexa line^iri dense 
villoso-barbata, inferioros crista siibcornuta erocta instrnctje. Tori glandule 
snperiores ellipticie, lateralos siibi'onformes minores. Staminum filamenta 
villosiuscnla, anthene glabne. Germon ad angnlos puberulum, ceterum glandoli, 
microsc-opicis obsitum ; stylus puberulus ; stigmata stylum subi]equautia. Fmc- 
tu8 2.7 cm. lougus, 2 cm. latus, infra loculos vix constrictus, loculis 8 mm. longis, 
totidem latis, subindatis, pericarpio teuui, endocarpio papyraceo ab epicarpio 
plus minus solubili. Semen obovoideuni, badium. 

In Mexico: Palmer n. KM)! (Manzanillo, m. Mart. 1891, flor. et fruct.) 

Obs. Affinis S, subtriplinert'i Radlk. (Sect. xi. ; cf. Radlk. Serjanije Monogr. p. 
273), aqua inter alia diftert partibus omnibus robustioribua, prtfsertim floribns 
duplo majoribus, nee nou foliolis stepius dente uno alterove iustructis. 
Seijania rutaefolia Radlkofer, sp. nov. Scandens, snffruticosa, cano-pubescens ; rami 
t^retes, leviter 8-8triati, pube brevi cana crispula induti, cortice viridi ; corpus lig- 
nosum simplex, teretiusculum ; folia inipari-pinnata,tri-quadrijuga,primi8infimi9 
nunc ipsis trijugis, jugo iufimo utriinjuo temato, vel biternatis, vel 5-foliolato- 
pinnatis, proximis5-foliolato-piunati8 vel trifoliolatis, summis simplicibus (folio 
1 inde foliola 19 ad 41 cxbibente); foliola parvula, superiora subrhom1»ea vcd 
oblonga vel obovata, inferiora ovata vel suborbicularia, fere omnia obtnsa, 
immo retnsa, mucronulo ornata, in petiolulos attenuata vel subsessilia, integer- 
rima vel parce inciso-dentata, pilis brevibus crispulis glandulisque mlcroscopi- 
cis utrinque obsita, mcmbranacca, triste viridia, punctis pcllucidis parvis lineo> 
lisque notata, epidermide valde mucigera (paginal superioris quoijue stomatibus 
iustructa); petiolus communis teretiusculus, striatus, petioli partiales snperi- 
ores rhacheumciue segmenta superiora marginata ; thyrsi solitarii, folia subilaplo 
8uperant«s, rhachi quam pedunculus communis subduplo longiore cinciunisqae 
stipitatis subverticillatim approximatispube cana crispula densa indutis ; liores 
mediocres, albi, suaveolentes ; sepala omnia pube cana crispa deusa iutus tjuoque 
induta ; tori glanduhe superiores ovata*, inferiores conformes, vix minores ; stam- 
ina fcrr totabreviterhirsuta; germcn (auctum) ex obovato cuneatura, pubebrevi 
cana ad loeulos densissima indutum ncc uon intus dense albido-pubesceus, stylo 
glaberrimo; fructus — (non suppetebat). 

Rami thyrsigeri diametro 2 mm. Folia inferiora 12 cm. longa, totidem lata; 
foliola terminalia 2-2. 5 era. longa, 0.9-1 cm. lata, lati^ralia inferiora 1 cm. longa et 
lata; petiolus communis 2. 5-3. 5 cm. longus, partiales paullo breviores, rhacheum 
segmenta apicem versus decrescentia, sunmia circ. 1. 2 cm. longa; stipubc mina- 
tie, subulata*. Thyrsi inferiores 35 cm.. summi7cm. bmgi ; cincinni stipit-eo-Gmm. 
longo adjecto I cm, vix superantes, 5-^-llori ; pedicelli 4-5 mm. longi, basi-articu- 



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317 

lati ; alabastraellipsoidea; 3. 5 mm. longa, albido-tomeutella. Flores (masculi) : — 
Sepala iut^riora 3. 5 mm. longa. Petala4.5 mm. longa, intus fere nsqne ad basin 
dense glandtiligera; squamo) superiores crista obovata vix emargiuata appen- 
diceqne detlexa brevi obtusa villosa, inferiores crista oblonga instructa). Torus 
glaber. Stamina petala ivqnantia. Germiuis rudimentum puberulum. 
In Mexico : Palmer n. 795 ! ( Agiabampo, 1890). 

Obs. Maxime affinis S. sphenovarpw Radlkofer (Sect, xi ; cf. Radlk. Serja- 
nlffi Monogr. p. 269), attamen robuntior, ut videtur, et frnctii obtnso (nisi matu- 
ritate formam variat) nee non epidermide valde mncigera (an satis?) distincta. 

Sezjania trifoliolata Radlkofer, sp. nov. Scandens, fruticosa, glabra; rami inte- 
qnaliter 6-costati, costis obtnsis subfnscis, inter costas planiusculi vel leyiter 
sulcati, sulcis viridibus; corpus liguosum simplex; folia t«rnata; foliola sub- 
orbiculana, mucronnlata, in potiolulos abruptius attenuata, remote serrato-den- 
tata, membranaoea, glaberrima nee nisi glandulis microscopicis et subtus in 
axill is nervorum inferiornm pilorum fascicule obsita, ponninervia vel terminalia 
subtriplinervia, viridia, utrinque opaca, obsoletius pellucide punctata et lineo- 
lata, epidermide mucigera; petiolus communis nndus; thyrsi in ramulis acces- 
soriis supraaxillaribus pauiculatim cougesti, breviter pednnculati, ecirrhosi, 
adjecto intenlum axillari longe pedunculate bicirrhoso; cincinni subsessiles, 
abbreviati; flores minimi, albi; sepala omnia glabriuscula, nee nisi margiue 
apiceque minutissime puberuli, intus pube brevi induta; fructus sectionis xii. 
(semimatnrus) oblougns, a<l locnlos trigonus, obtusus, glaber, loculorum pariete 
tenui (submembranacea), endocarpio glaberrimo; semen prope loculi basin 
insertnm — (matnmm non suppetebat). 

Rami thyrsigeri dianietro 2-3 miu. Folia circ. 12 cm, lougo, 9 cm. lata; foliolum 
terminate petiolnlo l-l.5-centinietrali excluso circ. 5 cm. longnm, 4.5 cm. latum, 
lateralia minora, brevins petiolulata; petiolus communis 5-6 cm. longus; sti- 
pub© minnt;!?, ovato-triangulares. Thyrsi ecirrhosi circ. 4 cm. longi, bicirrhosi 
plus triple longiores, rhachi pulverulento puberula,denso cincinnifera; pedicelli 
1.5 mm., fructiferi 2 mm. longi, prope basin articulati; alabastra obovoidea, 
1.5 mm. longa. Flores (masculi) : — Sepalainteriora2mm. vix superautia. Petala 
2.5 ram, longa, intus glandHlis paucis adspersa; squamae (cristis exclusis) 
petala dimidia a^quantcs, superiores crista profunde bifida, laciniis subulatis 
erectis, appondicoque deflexa brevi obtusa barbata, inferiores crista subcomnta 
crecta instructa*. Tori glandulm superiores breviter cllipticje, laterales obso- 
]eta\ Staminum filamenta parcepilosula, .antherje glabnc. Germiuis rudimen- 
tum glabrum. Fructus semimatnrus 14 mm. longns, 6 mm. latus — (maturus non 
suppetebat). 

In Mexico: Palmer n. 1367! (Manzanillo, ad flumen Cottone, m. Mart. 1891, 
flor. et fruct.). 

Obs. Affinis S, meridionali (Sect, xii; cf. Radlk. Serjanis© Monogr. p. 286), 
a qua priesertim foliis ternatis differt. 

Sexjania triquetra Radlk. Monogr. 305 (1875). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 972. 

Paullinia fuacescens. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. v. 120 (1821). Climbing shrub: 
flowers white: carpels **carmino color.'' Climbs over small trees and bushes. 
In the openings between the lagoon and the mountains. Manzanillo, March 2 
to 18, 1891. No. 1400. 

f aullinia seBsiliflora Radlkofer, sp. nov. Scandens, fruticosa, pubescens vel sub- 
glabra; rami teretiusculi, leviter 4^-sulcati, glabri; corpus lignosum simplex; 
folia 5-foliolato-pinnata; foliola ovali-oblonga, terrainale basi cuneatum, latera- 
lia apice basique acutiuscula vel subobtusa, remote subrepando-dentata vel 
subintegerriraa, raargine revoluta, breviter petiolulata, chartacea, glabriuscula 
vel subtus pubi brevi flonsiore moUia nee non in axillis nervorum barbata, glan- 
(iulis microscopicijj obsita, subtus reti i|t?'icqlorurn laticiferori^m pelluoi<]o 



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iDterrupto instraota, epidettuide noii mtici^efa; petiolus rhacbiaqne late alata; 
thyrsi soli tarii, pcdunciilati, elongati, iuterrupte ciucinnigen, toioentelli; cin- 
oiniii Ressiles vel brevlter Htipitati ; brnctcit^ bracteohtM|ue laDceolato-subalatsp, 
purvnb»; tlores sat uiagni, sessiles, ex albido Havescentes, Hepalis totneuteliis: 
frttctus ox ellipsoideo pyriforrais, glabratus, stipite quam capsnla ipsa planer 
breviore; semen ellipsoideum, compressiiisciilum, arillo dorso ventrequc fiaso 
ultra duas tortias iudutnm. 

Rami j iiniores (thymlgeri) diametro 2-5 mm., adnltiorcs lenticellis uotati. 
Folia ciro* 15 cm. longa, feretotidem lata, inferiora majora; tbliola circ. 7 cm. 
longa, 2.5 cm. lata; petiolus communis 2-6 cm. longus, rbachis brevior vel 
tcquiloDga, alis basi vix aiigUHtatis utriuque 3-5 mm. latis; stipubi' lineari-lan- 
ceolativ, 7-15 mm. longji', 2 mm. latip. Thyrsi 15-30 cm. longi, pedunculo 2-12 
cm. longo, glabro; bracteie circ. 2 mm. longji*, 0.8 mm. latiP. 8epala diio 
exteriora reliquis tertia parte breviora, interiora lato ovata. Petala oblonga. 
circ. 5 mm. longa, 2 mm. lata; squamae duas petaloruuitertias spquaiites, mar- 
giiicvillo8H», siiperiotes crista obcordata squamae dimidiam partem vix jeqnaute 
appendice(iue brevi barbata, iuferiores crista aliformi fere recte adscendente 
instrncta*. Toriglanduht^ superioreaorbiculareSyConspicua'. Staminnm filamenta 
Hliformia, compre^48iu8C^la, pilosa; antbera* glabrjp. Oermeue trigone globosiim, 
tomoutosum, stylo gcrmen ji'quante. Fructus circ. 3 cm. longus, 1.6 cm. latns, 
stipite pilosiusculo 5 mm. longo, ruber. Semen 12 mm. longum. 8 mm. latum. 

In Mexico: Palmer n. 1066f (Colima, ui. Jannario et Febmario, 1891, flor., 
foliis subglabris); idemn. 11H7! Mauzanillo, m. Decembri, 1890, frnct.) 

A Warwa (1868-71) in hortis insula* Hawaicuj Honolulu lecta exstat in Hb. 
Vindobonensi, ut et PauUinia tomentosa Jncq. 

Obs. Aftinis PaulUnUv clarigerw Schlerht. Linnaea X. 239 (1836) (Sect, i, AV«ro- 
tachns; cf Radlk. in Durand Ind. p. 72) a qua dift'ert floribus majoribuM seasili- 
bus, capsnla breviiis stipitata, pctiolis latins alatis. 
Paullinia tomentosa Jarq. Enum. PI. Carib. 37 (1760), fide Prof. Radlkofer. A 
shrub climbing over trccM, with slender branches 10 to 20 feet long. Flowers 
white. Colima, .January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1248. 
SapinduB sapouarla L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 526 (1762),>/e Prof. Hadlkofer. A small tree. 
12 feet high, 3 to 5 inches in diameter, with a large compact top. In a creek bot- 
tom. Manz.inillo, Manh 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1370. 

Prof. Radlkofer writes me that it approaches the forms described as species 
under the names S. inequalis and S. diraricatns. 
Matayba scrobiculata (H. 13. K.) Radlk. Sitznngsber. K. Bayer. Akad. Bd. ix. 627 
(1879); Cupania snohiculala H. B. K, Nov. (Jen. et Spec. v. 127 (1821), JitU Prof. 
Radlkofer. A tree 25 fc<*t high with a compact top: leaves alternate, pinnate; 
leaflets 2 to 3 pairs, oblantcolate, cuneate at base, retuse, 3 to 5 inches long, gla- 
brous above and beneath, strongly veined : panicle terminal and large: sepals 
5, obtuse: petals 5: stamens 8, long exserted: ovary pubescent, 3-celled: style 
none. In woods about Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1339. 

Dr. Palmer states that the flowers are of a green ish-yellow and sweet-scented. 

ANACARDIACE^l. 

Veatchia discolor (Henth.) Brandegee, I*roc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 140 (1889); 
SchinMS {f ) discolor Bentli. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 11, t. 9(1844); Jihus reatckiana Kell. 
Proc. Cal. Acad. ii. 24 (1868) ; J'ealchia cedrosensia Gray. Bull. Cal. Acad. i. 4 ( 1886) ; 
linrsera puhencens Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 44 (1887). Dr. Palmer 
obtained flowering specimens of this at Angeles Bay in July, 1891. This is the 
same plant ho collerted here in 1887 (N<». 585) which was only in foliage. It is 
called '* Torate bianco." The bark is shipped to Europe and Uaa valuable dye 
and tanning prox)eriies. 



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Spondiaa purpurea L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. (il3 (1762). Small tree, 8 to 15 feet liigh, 
sometimes 10 inches in diameter: flowers red. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 
1891. No. 998. 

Leaflets sometimes more numerous than described. Called **Ciruelo.*' The 
fruit is bitter, not edible; is said to bo red Avhen ripe. 
Comocladia dentata Jaeq. Kuum. PI. CariV>. 12 (1760). Several stems, spreading 
from the base, 8 feet lony; : leaflets 6 to 7 pairs, oblong or the lower ones oval^ 
obtuse, slightly and remotely toothed: sepals obtuse, pubescent: petals thin- 
nish. Mauzauillo, March 2 to IH, 1891. No. 1393. 

My specimens dift'er from the above species in having the sopals pubescent and 
petals thinner. 

This species belongs to the West Indian Islands, and has not before been 
reported from Mexico; it is curious that it should now be obtained from western 
Mexico. 

CORIARIACEiC. 

Rourea glabra H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. vii. 41 (1825). High climbing shrub. 
Only in fruit. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1349. 

LEGUMINOSiB. 

Crotalaria longlrostrata Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 285 (1836-'40). About 5 
feet high, younger parts puberulent. Common in bottoms and or. hills. Colima. 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1139. 

Although I have not seen this species, yet this plant is probably rightly 
referred. Most of the upper leaflets are small (one-half inch long) as described, 
yet they are often 1^ inches long. Dr. Palmer writes of it as follows: "One of 
the most attractive of plants. It is upright and with a compact symmetrical 
top. It is a free bloomer and the flowers are a beautiful yellow with brown 
patches, and it is worthy of cultivation." 

In 1891 1 sent seed to Kew where it was ]>lanted antl proves to be a most prom- 
ising plant. Sir Joseph Hooker has recently figured and redescribed it in Curtis's 
Botanical Magazine (vol. xlix. pi. 7306). 

The following note is taken from the above arti<'le : 

''A very handsome greenhouse plant described as suftruticose, but, though 
copiously branched, harbaceous as grown in the Koyal Gardens, Avhero it forms 
a conspicuous winter feature in the Begonia house, flowering freely from Decem- 
ber to March and attaining a yard in height. It was discovered by the late Dr. 
•Sin<'lair, surgeon in H. M. Jilossom, during the surveying voyage of Capt. Beochey, 
at Acapulco on the west coast of Mexico, and also in the province of Jalisco by 
other orticers of the shij), and on the Volcano de Fuego in Guatemala, altitude 
5,300 feet, by Mr. Salviu, F. R. S., and at Mazatenango, by Bernoulli." 

The Garden, in its issue of March 25, 1893, contains the following note respect- 
ing this plant: 

^* Crotalaria lonyiroslraia may be seen in bloom in the stove at Kew. It is a 
thoroughly useful plant for flowering in the winter months, and the specimen 
there has kept up a gay display for over two months, notwithstanding the fogs, 
which are peculiarly trying to stove subjects. This species is still in full bloom, 
bearing at the ends of the long slender shoots clusters of large, bright yellow 
pea-shaped flowers, which make a great show of color in the winter season. It 
is easily propagated by cuttings, and all Avho wish for something distinct and 
attractive in their stoves during the so-called dark months of the year, should 
make good note of it." 
Crotalaria sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 979; and Colima, January 
9, to February 6, 1891. No. 120; . 
5j4_:N^o 9^ — 3 



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Crotalaria sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 995. 

Crotalaria Kp. On level places about the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 
1890. No. 979. 

Apoplanesia paniculata Presl, 8ym. Bot. i.6i, t. 41 (1831). Difluso shrub, 12 feet 
high, 3 inches in diameter, with a large top: flowers white. On the low land 
between the lagoon and the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890, 
No. 967. December 30. 1891. No. 1810. 

A few specimens with leaves only were collected with ConrMetia glamdulom. 
Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1890. No. 1373a. 

This shrub is called by the Mexicans *• Cacana<iuaMle,*' and is u.se*l by them for 
covering their huts. The bark is said to yield a goml dye. 

This species is not in the National Herbarimii, and has aj»parently Ikm-u col- 
lected only once or twice. 

Dalea diffusa Moric. PI. Nov. Amer. 8, t. 6 (1833). Very common ahmg ridges and 
river banks. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1189. 
This plant is largely sold in the market for brooms. 

Dalea sp. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1312. 

Dalea sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 933. 

Indigofera sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 957. 

Indigofera anil L. Mant. ii. 292 (1771). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 
1057. 

Tephrosia multifolia Rose, sp. nov. Somewhat bushy, several feet high, pubes- 
cent : leaves impari-pinnate ; leaflets 10 to 15 pairs, narrowly oblong, 1 to 2 inches 
long, rounded at base, obtuse or retuse, append iculate, green and appressed-pulies- 
cent above, paler and more pubescent beneath; stipules linear, cadncons: 
racemes axillary or terminal, i to 8 inches long: pedieels 2 to 3 lines long: sepal 
triangular, acuminate, 2 lines long: corolla purplish; standard orbicular, Cto7 
lines long; wings oblong: stamens 10, monadelphous above : style hairy: legume 
silky-pubescent, linear, 2 to 2^ inches long, about 10-seeded: seeds oblong, 2 lines 
broad, turgid. — Collected in a creek bottom. Manzanillo, March 2 t^ 18, 1891. 
No. 1364. 
Seemingly near 7'. Hchiedeana. 

Gliricidia maculata H.B.K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. vi. 393 (1823). A small tree, 15 to 25 
feet high, 1 foot in diameter: flowers white in bud, but pink when expanded. 
Armeria, February 15. 1891. No. 1279. 

Dr. Palmer says he saw this species at Colima also. It is a very profuse bloomer 
and the flowers last for two months. The leaves appear after the flowers are gone. 

Diphyaa sennoides Henth. Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. 1853. 12 (1854). Large shrub, 5 to 
20 feet high, 4 inches in diameter, with sprea<ling top; branches slender, often 
hanging: not seen in flower. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 890. 
The pods are shorter than in Palmer's (1887) plant from Guaymas. 

Diphysa racemoaa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 97(1891). A shrub, 10 to 12 feet high : 
leaflets 1 inch long or less, obtuse : flowers yellow : banner with a brown spot. 
Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1319. Certainly near this species but 
with large leaflets. 

Coursotia glandulosa Gray, Pro<'. Amer. Acad. v. 156 (1862). Large diffuse shrub, 
10 feet high. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1373. 

Coursetia mollis Robinson & Greenman, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxix. 384 (1894). 
Shrub (?), very pubescent, often glandular throughout: leaves oddly pinnate; 
Icatlets 10 to 15 pairs, oblong, obtuse, 6 to 9 lines long, silky-pubescent on both 
sides; stipules stout spines 2 to 3 lines long: racemes axillary, single or in pairs, 
erect, mauy-flow^ered, 3 to 6 inches long: calyx campanulat-e; sepals 5, triangu- 
lar, acuminate, the lower a little longer than the 2 upper, 3 lines long: flowers 
** light yellow " but drying i)nri»lish : vexillary stamen free, the other 9 connnte 
into a tube, oblique: style inllexcd. hairy: legume 2S to 3 inches long, pubes- 



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cent, Imear, 2-valve(l, many-seedtul. Very common aloug liillsideH. Coliiiia, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1141. 

Cracca edwardsii Gray, PI. Wright, ii. 35 (1853). Stems 2 to 3 feet high. Aloug 
creek bottoms. Agiabamijo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 787. 

St^ms about 2 feet high. Grows in shady jdaces on the mountain side, only 2 
plants seen. Mauzauillo, December 1 to 31. 1890. No. 955. 

Sesbania macrocarpa picta (C'av.) Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 46 (1889); 
JEschynomenc picta Cav. le. iv. 7, t. 314(1797). Stems 5 to G feet high. Com- 
mon in rich bottom near Agiabampo, Ortober 3 to 15, 1890. No. 775. 

2jSchynomene americaua I-.. Sp. 1*1. ii. 713 (1753). Colima, January 9 to February 
6, 1891. No. 1102. This seems to be the moat common Mexican form. 

Also a somewhat simikir sjiecies, but ])erhaps distinct, growing in the wet 
bottoms about the bay at Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 901. The 
flowers are white, legume glabrous and there are slight differences in the part8 
of the corolla. 

.Sschynomene amorphoides (Watson) Hose in Robinson, Proo. Amer. Acad. 
xxix. 315 ( 1894 ) ; Brya ( ?) amorphoides Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 406 (1887). 
An upright shrub with many lati-ral branches: leaflets 25 to 40 pairs, often 
4 to 5 lines long ; stipules ovate-acuminate, early deciduous : the bractlets 
subtending the flowers small, ^ line long, oval, 5-nerved: calyx 1 line long;* 
teeth 5, small, the lower a little narrower and longer: staminal tube cleft above 
aud below into 2 equal phalanges: legume 1-to 3-jciuted; joints broadly fal- 
cate, glabrous, or nearly so. Growing in stony 
places ill various parts of the mountains. Man- 
zanillo, December 1 to 31, 18.90. No. 903. 

This species was doubtfully referred to Brya 
by Dr. Watson in the Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 
406. The material from which his description 
was drawn was only in flower, although speci- 
mens in the National Herbarium of the same 
distribution (Palmer's 1886) have nearly ma- 
ture legumes. In the above description I have r, . «. , 

,,' ,,.^. ,, , .^ ,. *io. 4.— Throe loffnnieM from .F«cft»/no- 

added some additional characters not found in ,^,,^ amorphoide,; natural 8iz«. 

the original. This species seems to belong very 

clearly to Jischyuomene rather than to Brya. Dr. B. L. Robinson has independ- 
ently reached the same conclusion. J'^ftchynomnie ditters from the latter in hav- 
ing the staminal tube cleft below as well as above, the bractlets appressed to 
the calyx, leaflets more numerous and appendiciilate, stipules not spinescent, 
and joints often more than 2. In all the above points my specimens agree with 
ACschynomene. Brya also has large yellow flowers. Two of the three species of 
Brya have single leaflets and in B. eberus the leaflets are evergreen. 

iBachynomene fascicularis Cham. & Schlecht. Linna'a, v. .584 (1830). Steins 2 to 3 
feet high : flowers yellow. Agiabamjjo, October 3 to 1.5, 1890. No. 808. 

iBachynomene hispida Willd. Sp. Pi. iii.pt. 2. 1163 (1801). A single specimen col- 
lected with Seshania macrocarpa picta. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 
775a. 

iEschynomene petraea Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxvii. 166(1892). Along river 
bank near Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1153. 

I first described this jdant as a new species, but owing to the long delay in the 
publication of my jiaper it has since been named as above. I have not yet seen 
the type, but Dr. B. L. Robinson assures me that it is his species. 

Also collected by Marcus E.Jones, at Tuzi)an, Jalisco, .hine 1.5, 1892 (No. 597), 
and at Chiqnilistlan, May 30. 1892 (No. 718). 



' In the original description said to be (> lines long, which is <'vidently a mistake. 



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Desmodium scorpiurus (Swartz) Desv. Jouni. Hot. Ser. 2. i. 122(1813); Hedysarum 
Hcorjnnus Swartz, Prod. Veg. Iml. Occ. 107 (1788). A very variable species as to 
the leaves. The form found at Colima has the typical oblong leaflets, but the 
specimens from Arnieria have* linear leaflets. Colima, January 9 to February 
6, 1891, No. 1101 ; also February 27, 1891, No. llOla. The specimens collected at 
Armeria were obtained on the dry table-lands. February 15, 1891. No. 1276. 

Desmodium triflorum (L) DC. Prod, ii, 334 (1825) ; Hedysarum trijlorum L. Sp. PI. ii. 
749 (1753). A prostrate herb. In shade along a creek bottom. Colima, January 
9 to P'ebruary 6, 1891. No. 1128. 

Desmodium sj). A small plant growing in the shade. Colima, January 9 to Feb- 
ruary 6, 1891. No. 1103. 
We have nothing in the National Herbarium to match this ])lant. 

Desmodium sp. Two specimens just past flowering. In wet ground. Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 928. 

Erythrina coralloides DC. Prod. ii. 413 (1825). A small tree, 10 feet high. Agia- 
bampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 771. 

Commonly called '* Pioneo." The seeds are pulverized and used iu making a 
kind of poultice. 

Calopogonium caeruleum (Benth.) Hemsl. Biol. Cent.-Amer. i. 301 (1880); Steno' 
lobium (xtruletim Benth. Ann. Wien. Mus. ii. 125 (1837). A high climber. Com- 
mon along watercourses. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1108. 

Canavalla obtusifolia (Lam.) DC. Prod. ii. 404 (1825); DoUchos ohtmifolia Lam. 
Encyc. ii. 295 (1786). Growing very abundantly in the sand along the seacoast. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1021. 
Only the pods were obtained. 

Canavalia acuminata Rose, sp.nov. A climbing shrub, glabrous or early glabrate: 
leaflets 3, oblique-oval or -ovate, rouncled at base, acuminate but tip frnucate 
or appendiculate, glabrous on both sides, 2 to 4 Inches long: racemes axillary, 
nodose, 3 to 7 inches long: flowers large: calyx tube 5 to 6 lines long, with 
very short lobes; upper lobe 2-parted, very large, rounded; lower lobe 3-parted, 
minute: corcdla large; banner orbicular, obtuse, with short claw, 12 to 14 lines 
long, yellow; wings linear, 10 lines long including the claw (2 to 3 lines long); 
keel oblique-oblong, 14 lines long, '* cream color,'' slightly twisted at the tip: 
ovary and young legumes 8ilvery-j>ubescent: mature legumes straight, oblong, 
6to8 inches long, strongly 2-ribbed on side of each valve: seeds bmwnish-black, 
oval, 6 lines in diameter. — In various parts of the mountains about Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1036. 

This plant climbs over the highest bushes. The buds are said to be steel- 
colored. 

Phaseolus (Drepanospron) sp. Colima. January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1116. 

Phaseolus (f) sp. Only a single specimen collected and this in fruit. Manzanillo, 
March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 13a5. 

Phaseolus ( ?) sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 904. 

Hhyncliosia phaseoloides (Swartz) DC. Prod. ii. 385(1825); Glycine phaseoloides 
Swartz, Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 105 (1788). Colima, January 9 tt» February 6, 1891. 
No. 1216. 

Rhyncliosia minima (L.) DC. Prod. ii. 385 (1825) ; Dolichos minimus L. Sp. PI. ii. 726 
(1753). Common in rich bottom lands. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 
789. 

Lonchocarpus (Neuroscapha) palmeri Rose, sp. nov. \ tree 20 to 30 feet high, 6 to 
12 inches in diameter: leaves large, alternate, with 7 to 13 leaflets; leaflets oppo- 
site, oval or oblong, rounded at base, rarely cuneate, obtuse or sometimes acumi- 
nate, shining and a little pubescent above, soft-pubescent and strongly veined 
beneath, 2 to 5 inches long: lower pedic<ds 2-flowcred; bracts oval, obtuse, 
deciduous; calyx 1^ lines long, cup-shaped, truncate or with small teeth: 



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corolla () liues long; the standard green ish-yellow, densely silvery-pubescent, 
as broad as long, retuse, and witij callous appendages; wings and keel ** light 
mauve" or purplish, somewhat pubescent, slightly adhering (as in this genus), 
each on a claw2i liues long: ovary and loy;uiuc pubescent: legume 2 to 3 inches 
long, several seeded, somewhat thickened on the ventral side l)y a ridge ou each 
side near the margin : seeds brown, kidney -shaped, 4 lines broad. — Mauzauillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1021 . 

This tree has a large spreadiug top; its numerous clusters of flowers are very 
attractive. 

This specijes seems nearest L. sericetta, but differs in its larger obtuse and 
strongly veined leaves, longer raceme and larger flowers. 

Iionchocazpus (f) sp. A small tree, 15 feet high, 8 inches in diameter, with large 
spreading top: leaflets 9 to 13, oblong or oval, 1 to 2 inches long, obtuse, gla- 
brous and shining above, rusty-pnbescent beneath, with veins impressed 
above, strongly elevated beneath: racemes 3 to H inches long: legumes densely 
browuish-tomentose, elliptical or rarely oblong, slightly tapering at the base, 
2^ to 3 inches (rarely 4 inches) long, indehiscent, 1- (rarely 2-) seeded. At the 
base of the mountains. Manzanillo, Dec«miber 1 to 31^ 1890. No. 984. 
The seeds are sometimes eaten by birds, but with poisonous eft'ects. 
This species certainly comes near L. rugoniis and answers Bentham's descrip- 
tion very well except in the pods. In the absence of flowers, therefore, I have 
referred it without specific name. 

Iioncliocarpus sp. A diffuse shrub, 6 to 8 feet high: leaves small, alternate, with 
5 to 7 leaflets; leaflets opposite, oval, obtuse or retuse, thin, 6 to 1.5 lines long, 
glabrous above, villose-pubescent beneath: racemes 2 to 3 inches long: calyx 
cup-shaped, truncate, brownish-pubescent, 1 line long: corolla i»ui*plish; ban- 
ner broader than long, 4 lines long, 5 lines broad, retuse: style glabrous: ovary 
pubescent: legume not seen. In rocky ))laces near the base of the mountains. 
Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1379. 

Swartzia grandiflora Willd. Sp. PI. ii. 1220 (1799). A small tree, 15 feet high and 
abont 3 inches in diameter. A single tree seen along the trail near the base of 
the mountaind. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1005. 

Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming, in As. Res. xi. 159 (1810); Gttilahdina bon- 
ducellaL,, Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 545 (1762). Three to four feet high. Only along the 
sandy beach just above high tide. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 
1015. 

Caesalpinia cacalaco Humb. «fe Bonp. PI. ^Eq. ii. 173 [Fr. ed. 165], t. 137 (1809). 
A shrub 6 feet high. Only a single plant found in the low lands near the lagoon. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 997. 

The lower sepal has a lacerate margin, and in this differs from Humboldt and 
Bonpland^s figure. 

Caesalpinia eriostachys Benth. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 88 (1844). A small tree, 15 to 20 
feet high, 8 inches in diameter, with large symmetrical top: leaves 4 to 6 inches 
long with small glabrous leaflets: racemes often 9 inches long: legumes gla- 
brous, 3 to 9 inches long, 9 to 10 lines broad, faleate or straight, 8haq>ly pointed, 
tardily dehiscent. Colima, February 27, 1891. No. 1309. Manzanillo, March 
2 to 18, 1891. Letter E. 

This plant is called "Palo alej<».'* The bark is used by fishermen, who crush 
it and throw it into the water to stun fish. 

Apparently very common on mountain sides both at Colima and Manzanillo. 
Its published range is now extended much farther northward. According to Mr. 
Hemsley it has been collected three or four times before, but not north of the 
Central American States. 

Mr. Bentham did not have mature leguuies for his description, and hence I 
have carefully characterized them ?bove, as well as filled in some dimensions 



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not ^^ivt'ii belore. and added some variatiou.s uot found in theorij^inal «lf»t*rij»lion. 
Thxti 8j)i'cie» is very different fn»ni our other Mexican specimens in its i»blit£ne 
leaflets and glandular stamens. 

Caesalpiuia (Coulteria) platyloba Watson, I'roe. Anier. Acad. xxi. 425 ( IK?;^). A 
shrub, 8 feet high, glabrous: leaves twice pinnate; pinna* 2 to 4 i)airH; leaflets 
6 to 9 pairs, oblong, acute, 1 to 2 inches long, glabrous: racemes axillary, 3 to 4 
inches long: lower 8e]>al pectinate-timbriate: petals yellow: stamens hairy at 
base, about the length of the petals: pods indehiscent, glabrous, 3 to 6 inches 
long, 10 to 15 lines broail. Along the sandy beach a few feet above tide water. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1010 (in fruit); March 2 to 18. 1891. 
Letter K (in flower). 

This seems to be the plant that Dr. Watson referred as above while qaestionin^ 
its generic position. My plant ditlers in several minor details, and especially 
in the length of the pods. Flowering specimens are now for the first time col- 
lected and show clearly that the plant belongs to this genus and to the section 
CoulUria. The specimens ought to be compared with the South American spe- 
cies (\ tinvtoria, to which it is certainly closely related. Here, perhaps, may be 
referred Coulter's No. 873 from Ziraipan, citod by Mr. Hemsley in Biol. Cent.- 
Amer. vol. i. 

Caesalpinia (Pomariaj sp. Shrub, 15 feet higli, loosely branching: lea ves 2-pinnat^ ; 
pinnu' 2 to 4 pairs; leatlets, 2 to 3 pairs, oblong or oval, obtuse, nuecjnat at 
base, glabrous, strongly veined, fi to 18 lines long: racemes terminal and axil- 
lary, 5 to 10 inciies long; pedicels 4 to 5 lines long: sepals 5, pubernlenl, 
strongly imbricated, obtuse, 4 about equal, the fifth exterior and longer: petals 
5, yellow, covered more or less with short stipitat<3 glands, 4 to 5 lines long: 
stamens 10, woolly at base, a little longer than the corolla: legume falcate, nar- 
rowed downward, 2 inches long, densely covered with stipitate glands, 3- to 
4-seeded: seed 4 lines broad. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1801. No. 1397. 

This species resembles C. palmei-i in its legumes, but in foliage approaches 
r. wcjricana. 

Dr. Palmer also collected a form closely related to this IVom Colima, but with 
larg^, straight pods, less tapering at base, leaflets smaller and often 4 pairs, 
etc. Letter F. 

Caesalpinia^ sp. A large bush on hills and in bott^)ms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 18, 
1890. No. im. 
Probably C. plutylohafhnt not collecttMl in flower; the few pods are immature- 

Caesalpinia (Libidibia) sp. Small tree, 15 to 20 feet high: leaver 2-pinnate ; pinnae 
4 to 6 pairs; leaflets 3 to 5 pairs, glabrous, oval to obovate, obtuse or retase, 9 
to 18 lines long: raceme terminal, 6 to 12 inches long, puberulent (as also tha 
young branches and rachis of the leaves), many-flowered : sepals 5, obtuse and 
with entire margins; the lower sepals larger, exterior and strongly concaved: 
petals 5, *^out«r ones yellow, inner ones red," 4 about equal, oblong, 5 lines long; 
upper one smaller, orbicular: stamens about the length of the petals, very 
woolly: ovary silky-pubescent: legumes slender, 4 to 7 inches long, tomlose, 
indehisct'ut, many-seeded. Armeria, February 15, 1^91. No. 1289. 

A handsome tree, 6 inches in diameter at base, with large symmetrical top. 
Called '' Palo fierro.'' 

This sjiecies is very near C. cacalaco, and I see no good reason for keeping it 
separate I have not seen any specimens, however, of that s]>ecie8, and there- 



* Cwsalpinia mejricaiia Gray. This is a small bush common about Monterey. 
Specimens w(*ro collected and sent in by Charles K. Dodge, April, 1891 ; also collected 
by Eaton and Edwards from the same locality many years before. 

Casalpinia pulvhenHma Swartz. Collected at Vera Cruz, April 12, 1888, by James 
Shepard. 



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fore leave my speciDieiis iiu detenu iuetl. My specimens liave no lliorDS ou the 
branches, but this is likewise true of Humboldt and Bonpland's figure. 

Casaia atomaria L. Mant. i. 68 (1767). A small tree, 15 feet high, 4 iuches in 
diameter: leaflets 3 to 6 pairs, often 5 inches long: ra(;eme slender, hanging, 12 
to 15 inches long: legumes often 16 inches long. On the mountains around 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 983. 

This plant is referred as above, although I have not otherwise seen C, atomaria. 
The leaflets are somewhat larger than described, but I have little hesitation in 
referring it here. 

Casaia biflora L. Sp. PI. i. 378 (1753). Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1350. 

Cassia manzanilloana Rose, sp. nov. A large diflnseshrnb,5 feet high, puberulent : 
leaflets 4 pairs, 1 inch or less long, obovate, obtuse, paler beneath, bearing a 
gland between the lower pair: flowers in axillary racemes: sepals unequal: 3 
stamens long, curved, rostrate; 4 shorter, straight; 3 sterile, small, deltoid, 
petaloid: legumes 3 to 6 inclu's long, terete, 7 to 8 lines in diameter; endoCarp 
becoming fleshy, sepiirating from the exocarp : seeds appearing in 2 rows, hori- 
zontal. — Low land along streams. Colima, .January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 
1161. 

A single shrub 4 feet high, in flower, was found at Manzanillo, on the banks 
of the river. December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 1061. 

This species belongs in Bentham's section ChamcefisUda. It resembles consid- 
erably C. bicapBulariSf but differs in being puberulent, the longer stamens ros- 
trate, etc. 

Cassia ozyphylla Knnth, Mimos. 129, t. 39 (1819). In a swamp. Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 1052. Armoria, February 15, 1891. Letter L. 

Cassia rotundifolia Pers. >Syn. i. 456 (1805). Grassy mesa near the city of Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1 107. 

Cassia sericea Swartz, Fl. Ind. Occ. 724 (1800). Stems 2 to 4 feet high. Common 
on the low land at base of mountains, and about the lagoon. Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 906. 
This plant is calh*d *'Bicho." 

Bauhinia porrecta Swartz, Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 66 (1788). A dift'use shrnb, 12 feet 
high, flowers white. Only two ]dants seen growing in shaily woods. Armeria, 
February 15, 1891. No. 1284. 

This species agrees with C. Wright's specimen collected in 1853-.56 in Nic- 
aragua. In both of those specinu'ns, however, the leaves are truncate or 
rounded at base and more acute than in the figure (No. 1708) of Curtis's Botanical 
Magazine. 

Bauhinia (Casparia) sp. Shrub, 15 feet high: Leaves glabrous above, pubescent 
beneath, truncate or a little cordate at base, deeply emarginatc, 7-nerved: pet- 
als white, on long pubescent claws: stamens 10, 1 fertile, 9 ccmnate and sterije: 
ovary pubescent : legume puberulent. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 
1322.' 

Bntada polystachya DC*. Mem. Leg. 434, tt. 61, 62 (1825). A high climbing 
shrnb: leaves twice pinnate : leallets 6 pairs, oblong, rounded at apex, some- 
what oblique at base, ghibrous: ])ods a foot long, 2^ inches broad, glabrous. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 988. 

If this reference, made without having seen the species, is correct, it extends 
the range of this plant considerably northward. Mr. Ilemsley gives only three 
stations for North America and all those in Central America. 

Piptadenia leptocarpa Rose, sp. nov. Large diff*use shrub, about 16 feet high, gla- 
brous or nearly so, with numerous reflexed prickles: leaves large; rachis some- 

* Through the kindness of Capt. .John Donnell Smith, I have been able to see and 
study this species as represented by Eggers's West Indian plant. The two plants are 
undoubtedlv the same. 



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wbiit prickly ; pinD;i' 10 to 12 palrn; lejiflet-8 about 30 pairs, linear 3 to 5 line 
long, glabrous or nearly so; tbe niidril* on one side: spikes mostly paired in th 
axils of tbe leaves, 3 to 4 inebes long, densely flowered: flowers yellow, sob 
tended by a small, oval, deeiduous bract: calyx nearly truncate, h line long 
petals 5, a line long: stamens as in tbe genus, 10; autbers glandular: ovaij 
glabrous: legume 3 to 5 incbes long, 9 lines broad, glabrous, tbin, the twc 
valves readily separating wbeu mature: seetls containing albumen. — In various 
parts of tbe mountains bai-k from Manzanillo. December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 996. 
This species belongs to Bentbam's Eitpiptadeitia, and is nearest P. commumi» of 
South America, but more thorny, with more nameroos 
pinuiP, shorter pods, ete. It differs from the other spe- 
cies of this genus in having albnmeu in the seed. 
Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC. Prod. ii. 447 (1^25); Mi- 
mosa juU flora Swartz, Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 85 (178S). 
A low-spreading shrub, growing at tbe base of tbe 
mountains and about tbe lagoon. Manzanillo, Decem- 
ber I to 31, 1890. No. 985. 
' This plant is called here *'Algarroba." 
Mimosa asperata L. Sp. PI. ed.2.ii.l507 (1763). Shrub 
4 to 5 feet high: leaves very sensitive. Growing in 
tbe water near where a creek empties into the lagoon. 
Manzanillo, Manb 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1377. 
Mimosa distachya (?) Cav. Ic. iii. 48, t. 295 (1794). A 
small tree, 15 feet high, witb large top: leaves with 2 
]iinnio; leaflets 3 pairs: pods 1^ inches long, strongly 
setose. In grassy plains. Armeria, February 15, 1891. 
No. 1291. 

This species could only be collected in poor condition, 
and only a few leaves and no flowers were obtained. 
It is referred here, owing to its close resemblance, to 
3/. laxijlora, from whicb, however, it diflers very tnach 
in its pods. 

Tbe fruit was not known by Mr. Bentham when he 
wrote bis monograph in Trans. Linn. Soc, and I d»i 
not know whether it has ever before been collected. 
Mimosa (Seusitiva) manzanilloana Kose, sp. no v. Thorny 
shrub, 5 feet high, witb slender hanging branches, gla- 
brous: leaves twice pinnate; leaflets two pairs (one of 
tbe lower leaflets very small or often wanting), 9 to 15 
lines long, oblong, acute, glabrous except for the ap- 
pressed setje of tlie margins and under surface : inflor- 
escence in raceme-like clusters of beads, or the lower 
peduncles subtended by leaves: flowers pink: stamens 
4 or 5: legumes 1 incb or more long, puberulent, tbr 
margins and sides witb few appressed seta*. — Low 
places near base of tbe mountains. Manzanillo, De- 
cember 1 to 31, 1890. No. 905. 
Tbe leaves are said to be somowbat scmsitive. It is nearest ^f. velloziana, but 
witb smaller beads, diflferent pod, etc. 
Mimosa leptocarpaKose, sp. nov. A large sbrub, with many long, slender, hangin*^ 
branches: young branches and racbia of leaves with many small reflexed prickles: 
pinnje 4 to 6 i)airs; leaflets 6 to 12 pairs, oblong, 3 to 6 lines long, obtuse, appen- 
diculate, puberulent: flowers capitate, raci-mose; peduncles 6 lines long: flower* 
wanting: stamens 5: h^gumes flat, thin, glabrous, shining, oblong, 3 to 5 inches 
long, 8 to. 10 lines broad ; valves not articulated ; replum delicate, often bearing 




Fio. 5.— Two pods of Schran- 
kia diffusa, one of them de. 
liiHcing. showiDg valvcH, 
rephiiu, etc.; natural size. 



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327 

reriexcd prickles; 8tipe 3 to (> linos luu^. — MaDzanillu, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 
1311. 

Schrankia diffusa Rose. sp. nov. A wenk plant, with long han^in^ branches 4 to 6 
feet long, with short imbescence ami reflexed prickles: loaves sensitive, with 2 
to 3 pairs of pinnjo ; rachis ]>rickly and pnbescent; stipules cetaceous; leaf- 
lets 10 to 20 pairs, glabrato, linear-oblong, 4 lo ,5 lines long: i)eduncles becom- 
ing 10 lines long: flowers ca])itate, pink becoming white: sepals valvate: 
stamens 10: legume terete, 2 to 4 inches long, more or less beaked, naked or a 
little prickly. — Very common along the beach, hanging over rocks and h>w 
bnshes. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 1046. 
Nearest S. suhinermis, but with more pinna* and leaflets, longer legumes, etc. 

Ijeucaena macrophylla Bonth. Hot. Voy. Sulph. IM) (1844). A small tree, 12 feet 
high: peduncle 3 to (> lines long: pods 8 to 10 inches long, 12 to 15 lines broad 
on stipes 1 inch long. Along a river bank. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891, 
No. 1325. 

The specimen is only in fruit. 



a b 

Fio 6. — Leucama inacroearpa; a, the torminal pair of leaflets ; h, n Hectioii or tlic legume. 

This is a rare species and has been jioorly understood in this country. This 
confusion has been due to two factors: First, the absence of the si)ecie8from all 
our collections, and, second, because Mr. Bentham referred to it (Trans. Linn. 
Soc. XXX.) an undescribed species, which proves to be a species of Alhizzia. I 
should state here that it is through th<' kindness of Mr. Hemsley, of Kew, that 
I have been able to clearly fix ujion this as the true L. macrophylla. 

The pods described above wore detached, and while a little huij'or than the 
type seem to be the same. They may, however, as suggested by Mr. Hemsley, 
belong to a dift'erent 8j)ocie8. 
Leucaena macrocarpa Rose, sp. nov. A shrub or smal) tree, 25 feet high or less, gla- 
brous: leaves twice )>innate; pinna* 2 to 4 pairs: leaflets large, 2 to 3 p|iirs, 1| 



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to 3 incbes long, oblong or oval, some what oblique, iM5ute, ronnded at ba^. 
strongly reticulated, a little puberuleut beneath: flowers in .small, compact 
heads in terminal naked racemes : legume large, 8 to 10 inches long, I to 14 inche» 
broad ; stipes 9 to 12 lines long. This is L. nmcrophyUay Watson Proc. Amex. 
Acad. xxii. 409, collected by Palmer at Rio lUanco, 8tate of Jalisco, August 18^ 
(No. 320). The flowering specimens of No. 320 are made the type of this species. 
Here undoubtedly belongs Pringle's No. 3848, from the same State, collected in 
1891 and distributed under L. macrophylla, but the name is corrected in Mr. 
Pringle's list for 1892. Palmer's No. 981 from Manzanillo (December 1 to 31, 1891 ) 
is also referred here, but with less confldence. The specimens are only iu fmit 
and the foliage and legumes are so similar to Mr. Brandegee's JIbiszia occidentalim 
that without flowers it is next to impossible to separate the two. Palmer's Jalisco 
plant, which is undoubtedly a true Leucama^ has pods exactly like tho^e from 
Manzanillo. 

Mr. Ilemsley has compared these specimens with the type at Kew and decided 
that it is not the L. macrophyUa of Bentham. The leaves are in fact much 
larger than in that species. 

Acacia cochliacantiia Humb. & Bonp. in Willd. Sp. PI. iv. 1081 (1805). Some- 
times a tree 30 feet high. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. Nos. 1353, 1331. 
XantuB found it here in 1859 and '60. 

Acacia coulteri Benth. in Gray, PI. Wright, i. 66 (ia52). A handsome tree, 20 
feet high, 3 to 5 inches in diameter: leaves large, often with 25 pairs of pinn^: 
spikes 4 to 5 inches long, in pairs, often forming terminal racemes 10 inches long: 
flowers sweet-Hcente<l : legume with thin valves covered with a close tomentnm. 
Along river bottoms and mountain sides. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1209. 

1 have seen flowering specimens only of A. coulteri, with which the above com- 
pares fairly .well. Bentham's debcription, however, calls for fewer pinnte, 
shorter stipes, and glabrous pods. 

Acacia spadicigera Cham. & Schlecht. Linna^a, v. 594 (1830). A large tree, a foot 
in diameter: flowers sweet-scented. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1395. 
This is one of the Acacias in which the tree-inhabiting ants live. They nest 
in the large stipular spines, each pair being inhabited by a colony. 

Acacia willardiana Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 88 (1890) ; Prosopisheterophplia B^^nth. 
in Lond. Journ. Bot. v. 82 (1846). 

Dr. Palmer has re-collected an abundance of these plants in flower and fruit. 
Seed has been distributed, and it is hoped that the s]>ecies will prove valuable 
in cultivation. Guaymas, April 1 to 2 (iu flower) and July, 1891 (in fruit). No. 
164a and IWb. 

Mr. Brandegee has recently sent me specimens collected at Guayma**, May 12. 
and at Herraosillo, May 22, 1892. 

Acacia sp. Large tree, 30 feet high, 1 foot in diameter. Near the Inise of the moun- 
tains. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1401. 
This species is only in fruit. It is near A. cochliacantha. 

Calliandra coulteri Watson, Proc. Auier. Acad. xvii. 352 (1882). Six to eight feet 
high. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. Xo. 896. 

Calliandra grandiflora (L'Her.) Benth. in Hook. Journ. Bot. ii. 139 (1840); Mimo*a 
grandiflora VUer. Sert. Angl.30 (1788). Shrub, 8 to 10 feet high. Along river 
banks. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1200. 

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. iu Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. iii. 199 (1844); 
Mimosa diilcis Roxb. Corom. PI. i. 67 t. 99 (1795). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 
1890, No. 966; also, Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 800. 

Pithecolobium tortum Mart. Herb. Fl. Bras. 114 (1837). A diffuse shrub, 8 to 10 
feet high: rachis 2 to 3 inches long, bearing a small gland half way between 
the base and first pair of jiinuje, and generally between the uppermost pair: 



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pinna' 3 pairs; leaflets 5 to 7 pairs, oval, obtuse, glabrous, 3 to 4 lines long: pods 
linear. C to 9 inches long. At the base of the mountain. Mauzauillo, December 
1 to 31, 1890. No. 916. 
Pithecolobium ( f ) sp. Small tree, ir> to 20 feet high. Not in flower. Armeria, Feb- 
ruary 1.5, 1891. No. 1283. 

The fruit is used in tanning, especially the liides of small animals. It is known 
as *'Cascalote." 

COMBRETACEiE. 

Combretiim farinosum H. B. K. Nov. (ien.et Spec. vi. 110(1823). One of the high- 
est climbers of the region. Collected both in flower and fruit. Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 10«7. 

Combretum mexicanuin'' llumb. & Bonp. PI. Mq. ii. 159 [Fr. ed. 151], t. 132 
(1809). Large shrub with long weak branches: leaves broadly oblong to oblan- 
ceclate, rounded at base, *' dark olive colored/* petals yelloir ish : flowers ** sweet- 
scented." At the base of the mountains near Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. 
No. 1374. 

I have not been able to compare this with authentically named specimens, but 
it answers fairly well for the above species. The leaves are very similar to C. 
jacquini Griesb ( f ), but this species is said to be climbing. 

MELASTOMACEiE. 

Tibouohina schiedeana Cogn. in DC. Monogr. Than. vii. 261 (1891), fide C>gniaux. 

About 2 feet high. On the bank of a river. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 

1891. No. 1238. 
Conostegia xalapensis Don, Mem. Wern. 8oc. iv.317 (1823). A small tree about 

15 feet high. On lowlands about Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 

1125. 

LTTHRACEiE. 

Cuphea llavea Lex. in La Llave &. Lex. Nov. Veg. Desc. fasc. i. 20 (1824). Not 
common. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1224. 

Cuphea sp., Colima, February 27, 1891. No. 1296. 

Cuphea sp., Colima, January 5 to F'ebniary 0, 1891. No. 1221. 

laaw^sonia inermis L. Sp. PI. i. 349 (17.53). Cultivated in gardens. Colima, Jan- 
uary 9 to February 6, 1890. No. 1212. 

ONAGRACEiE. 

Jussieua octonervia Lam. Encyc. iii. 332 (1789). A small plant, 1^ to 2 feet high. 
In wet places. Colima, January 9 to Februarj' 6, 1891. No. 1217. 
Also grown in 1892 by Mrs. Wolcott from seed obtained by Dr. Palmer. 
This species is not reported in Biol. Cent.-Amer., but it was obtained by 
Palmer at Guaymas, 1887 (Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. xxix. 49), and by W. G. 
Wright, at Mazatlan, in 1889. We also have specimens collected in Florida and 
Texas. 

SAMTDACEiE. 

Casearia corymbosa H. B. K. Nov. (Jen.et Spec. v. 366 (1821). Colima, February 
27 and 28, 1891. No. 1317. 

Dr. Palmer says, ** the plant is loaded with white flowers and with new leaves 
and shoots, which are very full of moisture, making them very difticalt to di*y." 



* Combretum reticulatumy which is an Abyssinian species, is credited to Mexico by 
Walper (Repert. ii. 65), and this is followed by Mr. Hemsley (Biol. Cent.-Amer. i. 
404), while C, telragonum Presl, was evidently intended. 



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330 

This Species may not be properly referred, but it is certainly near Dr. Palmer's 
Jalisco plant named C. coi-ymboHa by Dr. Watson. The stamens in my flower 
are 8. 
Casearia sp. Diflfuse shrub, 6 to 8 feet high : young branches yellowish pubescent, 
leaves deciduous, alternate, oblanceolate, downy -pubescent, sharply serrate: 
flowers axillary, large: calyx 5-lobed, pubescent without: stamens 10, o-jut 
1-celled, with 3 parietal placenta? : style entire. Manzanillo, December 30, 1891. 
No. 1812. 

I have not been able to place this in any described species, and, owing to the 
present confusion in the genus, I have deemed it be«t not to give it a specfie 
name. 

Mr. Marcus E. Jones has collected what seems to be the same species it 
Colima (No. 72), July 2, 1892. 

TURNBRACEiC 

Tumera diffusa aphrodisiaca (Ward) Urban, Jahrb. Bot. Gard. Berl. ii. 127 (1883); 
T. aphrodisiaca Ward, Va. Med. Month, iii. 48 (1876). Mauzanillo, December I 
to 31, 1890. No. 1071. 

CnCURBITACBiE. 

Momordica charantia L. Sp. PI. ii. 1009 (1753). Climber running over bushes. At 
the foot of the mountains near Mfinzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1016. 
The fruit is eaten by children and birds. 

Palmer's No. 59 from La Paz (poor specimens only were obtained) was referred 
to the above species, p. 70 of this volume, but is probably M. bahamtMa. 

Cuourbita radioans. Naud. Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 5. vi. 8 (1866), Jide Cogniaux. Man- 
zanillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 1037. 

Luffa operculata intermedia Cogn. var. nov. Petiolus ^1 decim. longus. Folia 
profunde lobata, lobes loUuIatis. Cirrhi sn^pius trifidi. •Flores feminei bre>iter 
pedunculati. — A climber ruuning over fences and bushes. Very common in 
creek bottoms. Agiabarapo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 770. 

Also found growing about the lagoons at Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 1018. 

Corallocarpus emetocatharticus (Grosourdy) Cogn. Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. tlxx. 
pt. 1. 279 (1891); Doyerea emetocaihartica Grosourdy, El Medico Bot. eriollo, ii. 
388 (1864), /rfc Cogniaux. A vine climbing over small bushes: leaves ovat«, 
somewhat 3-lobed, glabrous or nearly so above, with short dense pubeaceuee 
beneath: fruit axillary, small, 3-seeded (?). Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. 
No 1398. 

We have not had this genus represented before in the National Herbarium. 
The specimen is in very'poor condition, without good leaves or flowers. 

Cayaponia attenuata (Hook. «fe Arn.) Cogn. in DC. Monogr. Phan. iii.769 (1881); 
Binfonia attenuata Hook & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 424 (1841?). Climbing over 
shrub8«along the base of hills. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 
1146. 

These specimens are only in fruit, and we have not the above species in our 
collection with which tofcompare them. 

I succeeded in growing some specimens of this little vine in 1892, but they had 
not flowered when killed by frost in November. 

Cyclanthera gracillima Cogn. Mem. Cour. Acad. Belg. xxviii. 71 (1878), fide Cogni- 
aux. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1138. 

SicyossertuliferusCogn. Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. xxx. pt. 1. 277 (1891), /<te Cogniaux. 
Vigorous, climber; branches slender, somewhat pubescent : leaves oval, Ii to It 
inches long, cordate at base, acute or acuminate, somewhat 3-lobed, remotely cal- 
lose- toothed white-papillose and scabrous above, scabrous beneath; petioles 



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pubescent, 5 to 10 lines long ; tendrils 4- to 5-parted. River bottoms. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1176. 

It rnns over fences, bnshes, and rocks, forming a very dense mass. Sometimes 
the sterile flowers are abnormally developed, the pedicels becoming 1 inch long 
and the petals transformed into small leaves. 

CACTACEiB. 

Bffamillaria sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1053. 

Schinocactus wializenii Engelm. Wisliz. Mem.96 (1848). Agiabampo, October 3 

to 15, 1890. No. 803. 
Cereus striatus Brandegee, Zoe, ii. 19 (1891 ). Hoots large and tuberous, resembling 

those of the dahlia. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 794. Also from 

Carmen Island, November 1 to 7, 1890. No. 852. 

Dr. Palmer collected this plant in 1887, but it is not reported in Dr. Watson's 

list. Roots were sent to the Department in 1887 and were grown for some time 

in the greenhouse, but finally died. 

Dr. Palmer says that the large roots are cut into thin slices and dried, and are 

in this form found in the markets, haviug various medical uses. 
Cereus sp. Mauzanillo, March 2 to 15, 1891. No. 1396. 
Opuntia sp. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1380. 

FICOIDEiE. 

Mollugo vertioillata L. Sp. PI. 1. 89 (1753). Common in sandy places near the 

lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 970. 
Qlinus lotoides L<efl. It. Hisp. 145 (1758). Rich bottoms. Manzanillo, March 2 to 

18, 1891. No. 1345. 

RUBIACEiE. 

Ezosteznina caiibaBUin(.Tacq.) Hwm. & Schult. Syst. v. 18 (1819); Cinchona caribwa 

Jacq. Enum. PI. Carib. 16 (1760). A shrub 8 to 10 feet high. Manzanillo, 

December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 918. 
Rondeletia dubia (!) Ilemsl. Diug. PI. Nov. pt. 2. 28 (1879). Shrub 8 feet high: 

flowers 4- to 5-parted; calyx-lobes persistent: corolla brownish, glabrous 

within, unequal, sometimes 3^ lines long. Only a single shrub seen on a river 

bank. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1311. 

I refer this plant here without having seen any specimens of the species, which 

seems best, although it differs slightly in some of its characters. 
Hamelia patens Jacq. Enum. PI. Carib. 16 (1760); Select. Stirp. Amer. 72 (1763). 

This species is without number, but is probably from Manzanillo. Letter C. 
Hamelia versicolor Gray, Proe. Amer. Acad. xxii. 416 (1887). Fruit black, cither 

3-or 4-celled. Armeria, February 15, 1891. No. 1277. 
Hamelia zomllenais H. R. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iii. 414 (1818),/de Dr. K. Schumann. 

Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1164. 
Chiococca racemosa. L. Syst. ed. 10. ii. 917 (1759). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 

1891. No. 1062. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 777. 
G^eophila reniformis (H. B. K.) Don, Prod. Fl. Xep. 136 (1825); Cephaelis renifot-niis 

H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iii. 377 (1818). Very common in low grounds about 

Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1060. 
Diodia prostrata Swartz, Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 30 (1788). Not common. Colima, 

January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1106. 
We have not the typiral form of this species with which to compare this, but 

our plant seems nearer this species than to />. /nrs, although Mr. Pringle's No. 

739 (1883), from Chihuahua seems very near our plant. 



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Cmsea rubra Cham. & Schlecht. Liuniea, v. 165 ( 1830). Colima. Jauaary 9 to Febrn 
ary6. 1891. No. 1194. ' 

This is the Bame as Palmer's No. 416 from Jalisro^ n* ferred as abore by Dr. 
Gray. 

In the same collection (No. 462) is a specimen which Dr. Gray referred to C. 
calooephala DC. This was also collected by Pringle in 1890 (No. 3256) from neix 
the same locality. Both the latter specimens seem to differ from specimens di»- 
tributed by Capt. .John Donnell Smith under the name (\ calocepkala. Mr. 
Smith's specimens have hirger and more strongly veined leaves, and larger 
calyx (3 lines long) and corolla (4 to 5 lines long), the latter blue: Palmers and 
Pringle's Jalisco specimens have the calyx H to 2 lines long, the corolla with ven- 
slender tube, 2 to 3 lines long, and purple or rose-colored. 

1 am inclined to think that Mr. Smith's specimens are the true C. calocepkala, 
while the latter belongs to an undescribed species. 
Spermacoce sp. Low herb, much branched, and more or less spreading, rough on 
the angles: leaves linear or narrowly lanceolate: flowers white in dense glomer- 
ules, 1 terminal and 2 or 3 lat<>ral: calyx teeth 2: corolla 4-parted : stameuii 
4: fruit pubescent above. On sandy spots about the lagoon. Manzauil]-», De- 
cember 1 to 31, 1890. No. 974. 

This species is near S. podocephalaj but.diifers in being an annual, iu th<' char- 
acter of the leaves, etc. 
Spermacoce sp. Along the base of the mountains and about the lagoon. Man- 
zanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 93t. 

This species is near S, asperifolia. 
Rlchardia scabra L. Sp. 1*1. i. 330 (1753). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 

999. 
Q-alinm sp. Sold iu the market at Colima. No. 1407. 

COMPOSITiE. 

Vemonla triflosculosa H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iv. 40 (1820), fide O. Hotlmanii. 

Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1298. 
Elephantopus spicatus Juss. in Aub. Pl.Gui. ii. 808(1775). Colima, January 9 to 

February 6, 1891. No. 1184. 
Stevia eupatoria (Spreng.) Willd. iii. pt. 3. 1775 (1803); Mnstclia eupatoria Spreng. 

Trans. Linn. Soc. vi. 152, t. 13 (1802). Only one plant seen. Colima, Jaunarr H 

to Febi:uar>' 6, 1891. No. 1240. 
Stevia trifida Lag. Gen. et Spec. Nov. 27 (1816). Colima, January 9 to February 6, 

1891. No. 1158. 
Stevia sp. Grows on grassy slopes near the river. Colima, .January 9 to Febman 

6, 1891. No. 1219. 
Fleischmannia rhodostylis Schultz, Bip. Flora, xxxiii. 417 (1850). Several plants 

grow together. Flowers rose -colored. Not very common. Found in the shade of 

rocks, near water. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1295. 

This rare plant has only been collected once before and then by CErsted in 

1846-'48, who found it in Nicaragua. 
Eupatorium conyzoides Vahl, Sym. Bot. iii. 96 (1794). About 5 feet high, with 

many spreading or hanging branches : flowers lavender. Common at the base of 

the mountains. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1214. 
Eupatorium dissectum (Hook. & Am.) Benth. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 113 (1844); Pkauia 

(f) dis8(da Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 433 (1841). Stems and leaves very 

succulent: peduncles long; flowerH white. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. 

No. 1371. 
This plant has not only the corolla of Hofmeisteria, as stated by Bentham and 

Hooker in Gen. Plant., but the whole habit, the foliage, the single heads on long 



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naked peduncles, etc. Technically it is not a flofmHsteriaf because it laoks the 
outer row of pappus, but its relationships are certainly there. 

ZSupatoriiim graciliflonim DC. Prod. v. 145 (1836). A loose-growing plant with 
many stems, 5 feet high : leaves sometimes 1|. inches broad: pedicels variable, 
nearly wanting to 8 lines long: flowers 15, white. In the mountains back of 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 898. 

The finding of this plant by Dr. Palmer brings to light an old but little- 
known species. It is probably not in any American herbarium, nor have they 
it at Kew. It has only twice before been collected, first by Thaddaeus Haeuke 
in the latter part of the last century — about 1790 or 1792. It was probably 
obtained on his trip with Luis Nde from Acapulco to the City of Mexico. It was 
next collected by Karwinski, about Acapulco, probably between 1826 and 1831. 

Eupatorium quadrangtilare DC. Prod. v. 150 (1836). Upright plant, woody at 
base, 8 to 10 feet high: leaves 15 inches long: flowers white with yellow cast. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1889. Nos. 1048, 1162. 

Xiupatorium palmeri Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 383 (1886). Plant 3 to 5 feet 
high, with weak branches. In various parts of the mountains, growing in shade. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 934. 

Supatorium sagittatum Gray, PI. Wright, i. 88 (1852). Hanging upon fences and 
bushes for support. Very common. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15. No. 754. 

Supatoriiim sp. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1310, 

Supatoriom sp. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1300. 

XSupatoriom sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 889. 

Hffikania gonoclada DC Prod. v. 199 (1836). A climbing plant, trailing over bushes 
and fences along river bottoms. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 
1207. Here seems to belong M. cordifolia of Smith's PI. Guatm. pt. 2. 35, 
collected by John Donnell Smith in Guatemala, 1890. 

Brlckellia diflFusa (Vahl) Gray, PL Wright, i. 86 (1852); EupatoHum diffusum Vahl, 
Sym. Bot. iii. 94(1794.) Grows in shade along fences in river bottoms. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1188. • 

Brlckellia lanata (DC.) Gray, PI. Wright, i. 84 (1852); Bulbostylis lanatua DC. 
Prod. viii. 268 (1839). Among bushes on river banks at Colima, January 9 to 
February 6, 1891. No. 1149. 

Brlckellia coulteri Gray, PI. Wright, i. 86 (1852). In shady ravines about Manza- 
nillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. No. 947. 

Brlckellia colimae Rose, sp. nov. Stems suffruticose, 4 to 5 feet high, short glandu- 
lar-pubescent: leaves opposite, 1 to 1^ inches long, ovate, acute or obtuse, cuneate 
or subtruncate at base, crenately-toothed, scabrous above, pubescent beneath: 
heads mostly on short lateral branches in corj^mbs of 1 to 5, 11-flowered: invo- 
lucral bracts in about 3 series, very unequal, more or less pubescent and glandu- 
lar; outer bracts short, ovate, acute, nerved; inner much larger, hardly nerved, 
obtuse, purplish : corolla brownish : akenes villous. Grows under shrubs along 
a river bank at Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1160. 

Heterotheca inuloides Cass. Diet. Sci. Nat. li. 460 (1827). It is said to have come 
from the mountains near Colima. No. 1181. Dr. Palmer says: "It is called 
'Arnica' here, and is used for the same purposes as the arnica of commerce. It 
is put up in small packages and Kold in the markets of the city.*' It is the same 
plant as Palmei-'sNo. 268 (1885) from Jalisco, which Dr. Gray refers to H. lepto- 
(llonsaDQ ,\u. Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 421,regar(liugitasonlyaformof5^. lamarckii. 
It seems to me to be a form of U. inuloidea. Palmer's specimens differ from ff, 
lamarckii in having larger heads and more numerous rays, ray-akenes more 
slender (often abortive) and pulierulent, etc. 

Bigelovia diffusa (Benth.) Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. viii. 640 (1873); Ericamena 
diffusa Benth. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 23 (1844). Compact plant, 1 to 3 feet high. 
Common on the sandy beach at Ajjiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1889. No. 815. 
It is called " Verba del pasno.'' and is used as a cathartic. 



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Egletes viscosa (L.) Less. 8yn. Conip. 252 (1832); Cotula rincosa L. Sp. PI. ii. 882 
(1753). A low, coinjiact plant, 6 to 8 inches high. Mauzanillo, March 2 to V<, 
1891. No. 1389. 

The range of this species as given by Mr. Hemsley in Biol. Cont.-Amer. is along 
the Atlantic coast of South Mexico and l!k)uth Amerioa. I cannot learn that it 
has before been found on the west coast of Mexico. My specimens agree with 
C. Wright's, from Nicaragua, collected in 1853-56. Here, it seems, shoald be 
referred C. Wright's No. 2865, distributed as E. domingennis, and Palmer's 1092 of 
1878-9, distributed as Grangea maderaspatuna. 

Pringle*8 No. 4101, distributed as E. risctrfa, seems tf) be near £. oborata. 

Brigeron divergens T. & G. Fl. N. Am. ii. 175 (1841), /de O. Hoffmann. On banks 
of streams. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1236. 

Pluchea odorata ? (L.) Cass. Diet. 8c. Nat. xlii. 3 (1826); Conyza odorata L. Syst. 
ed. 10. ii. 1213 (1759). Probably from near Colima. No. 1097a. Leaves thinner 
and less pubescent than in typical P. odorata. 

Pluchea subdecurrens Cass. Diet. Sc. Nat. xlii. 4 (1826). Five to six feet high, with 
few stems: leaves 3 to 6 inches long, the broailest Ii inches wide. Found along a 
watercourse among underbrush. Not common. Colima, January 9 to Febmarj- 
6,1891. No. 1097. 

This plant seems to answer to the above species. Verj' near to it is Palmers 
546 (1880). 

Lagascea decipiens ( ?) Hemsl. Diag. PI. Nov. pt. 2. 33 (1879). Shrubby, 4 to 6 feet 
high, glabrous, much branched and open: leaves opposite, ovate, aciuiiinate, 1 
to 3 inches long, 3-nerved, slightly dentate, scabrous above and below : heads 
very numerous, aggregated: involucre 1-flowered, somewhat hirsute, becoming 
glabrate, 5-toothed: akenes glabrous except a slight puberulence above, 2 lines 
long; pappus a minute denticulate crown: dowers yellow. In shady woods. 
Colima, February 27, 1891. No. 1320. 

Nearest L. decipiens, but the leaves are less dentate, theglomerules and flower* 
smaller, etc. 

Lagascea mollis Cav. Ann. 8ci. Nat. vi. 333, t. 44 (1800). Rare about Colima, Jan- 
uary 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1185. 

Lagascea suaveolens H. H. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iv. 29 (1820). "Flowers dull- 
white." On grassy liillsides. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 
1148. 

G-uardiola tulocarpus Gray, PI. Wright, i. Ill (1852); Tulocarpus mexicana H. & A. 
Bot. Beeeh. Voy. 299 (1840). Bushy, U to 2 feet high: ray 1; disk-flowers 8 
or 9. Along river banks. Colima, January 9 to February i\ 1891. No. 1198. 

I am somewhat in doubt whether this plant should be referred to G. mexit^na 
or as above. 

Melampodium perfoliatum (Cav.) H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iv. 274 (1820); 
Alcina perfoliaia Cav. Ic. i. 11, 1. 15 (1791). Along a water ditch, Colima. Janu 
ary 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1163. 

Melampodium sericeum longipes Gray, Proe. Amer. Acad. xxii. 423(1887). Com- 
mon^on a creek bottom near Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No 1172. 

Melampodium divaricatum (Kich.) DC. Prod. v. .520 (1836); Dysodium diraricutmm 
Rich, in Pers. Syn. ii. 489 (1807). Common along water ditches. Colima, Janu- 
ary 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1232. 

Parthenium hysterophorus L. Sp. PI. li. 988 (1753). Manzaoillo, December 1 to 
31,1890. No. 921. 

Zinnia palmeri Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 423 (1887). From 2 inches to 1 foot 
high, much branched and spreading. Smaller throughout, and apparently of 
somewhat did'ereut liabit from the type. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 893. Also at Colima, Januarv 9 to Februarv 6. 1891. Letter J. 



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Jageria hirta Lees. Syn. Comp. 223 (1832). An inch to one foot or more high, 
spreading or erect. Very common along river bottoms at Colima, January 9 to 
February 6, 1891. No. 1190. 

This is Pringle's No. 1282 (1887) distributed as J, calva Schultz Bip. To this 
genus, and perhaps to the same species (although it is taller and has simpler 
inflorescence) belongs Botteri's No. 1180, referred by Mr. Hemsley to Spilanthea 
uliginosa Biol. Cent.-Amer. ii. 194; also J. D. Smith's No. 930 distributed as S, 
seasilifolia. 

Qyinnolomia patens Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. v. 182 (1861). Often 8 feet high 
with spreading branches, frequently depending for support upon other plants. 
It is a very abundant bloomer. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 
1223. 

Agiabampoa Rose in Hoffmann, Wiss. Beil. z. Jahresb. Fried. Werd. Gym. Berl. p. — 
(reprint, 20) and Eng. &. Prantl, Pflanzenf. iv. abt. 5. 390 (1894). A new genus of 
Helianthoidew. Heads heterogamous, radiate, few-flowered; ray-flowers sterile, 
in 1 row; disk-flowers hermaphrodite, fertile. Involucre oblong; bracts in 4 
series, broad and obtuse; receptacle very small, almost flat; corolla of ray- 
flowers without style, spreading, 2-lobed or merely notched : corolla of disk- 
flowers regular, 5-toothed; proper tube short; throat tubular: stamens entire 
at base; style-branches short, somewhat flattened, with an ovate, acute tip: 
akeues a little flattened, cuneate-oblong : pappus none. — Shrubby, much 
branched: leaves opi)08ite, slender and entire: heads in small compact cymes 
terminating the branches. 

For illustration see PI. xxxu. 

This genus seems to belong to Benthnm and Hooker's third section of Verbe- 
sinece and near Varilla, although it differs from it quite widely. 

Mr. Canby in a letter to me points out the close resemblance in habit of this 
species to Gymnosperma, but of course its opposite leaves and bracts on the 
receptacle keep it distinct from this genus. 

Dr. O. Hoffinann, of Berlin, has placed the genus next to Gymnolomia^ from 
which it differs in its cylindrical involucre and very unequal bracts. 

Aglabampoa congesta Rose, 11. cc. A loose-growing shrub, 4 to 5 feet high, quite 
woody below with several stems from the base, glabrous or with some hispid 
pubescence: leaves (uppermost ones often alternate) linear to liu ear- lanceolate, 
3-nerved, a little hispid on both sides, 2 to 6 inches long: heads (sessile or on 
short pedicels) 3 lines long: involucral bracts 3- to 5-uerved, coriaceous with 
green tips, oblong and obtuse and with long, oily glands on the back : rays 5, 
yellow, oval to oval-oblong, 1| to 2 lines long: disk-corolla 2 lines or less long 
with a very short proper tube: akones black, glabrous, 1^^ lines long. — Common 
in rocky creek bottoms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 1.5, 1891. No. 752. 
The bracts are more or less viscid as seems also to be the case with Varilla. 

Sclerocarpus uniserialis (Hook) B. Sl H. Gen. Plant, ii. 364(1873); Gymnopaia 
uniserialis Hook. Ic. PI. 1. 145 (1837). One to one and one half feet high. Only a 
few plants seen on the mountain side at Manzauillo, December 1 to 31, 189!. No. 
975. A spreading or somewhat procumbent form was obtained at Colima, but is 
without number. Distributed as Letter I. 

Montanoa grandiflora DC. Prod. v. 565 (1836). A shrub 10 feet high. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1 159. 

Zexmenia greggii Gray, PI. Wright, i. 113 (ia52). Stem 5 to 6 feet high. Along 
river banks. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1241. 

Zexmenia tequilana Gray in Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 425 (1887). A shrub 
10 feet high. On the bank of a creek on the opposite side of bay from Man- 
zauillo, December 1 to 30, 1890. No. 1022. 

Tithonia tagetiflora Desf. Ann. Mus. Par. i. 49, t. 4 (1802). About 3 feet high. 
Only two plants seen in a creek bottom. January 9 to February 6, 1891, No, 
1250. 

514— Fo. 9 i 



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Tithonia tubaeformis (Ortega) Cass. Diet. Sc. Nat. xxxv. 278 (1825) ; HeUanii^ 

tnb(vformi8 Ortt^gJi, Hort. Matr. Dec. 181 (1791-1800). About 5 fe<»t high. 

Grows on the banks of the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 

1076. 

In old lieltls along streams. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1890. No. 1220. 

Viguiera tenuis alba Rose, var. nov. Like the type, but heads and leaves some- 
what smaller, bracts of the involncre and receptacle more or less purplish, and 
rays white. — Grassy hillsides among other plants. Colima, January 9 and Feb- 
ruary G, 1891. No. 1151. Nearly past blooming at time of collection. 

Viguiera helianthoides H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iv. 226, t. 379 (1820). Only a 
single perfect plant was found, owing to the fact that domestic animals eat it 
with avidity. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 811. 

Other specimens were collected at Colima, January 9 to February 6, 189L 
No. 1131. 

These two forms have been referred to this polymorphous species, although 
they differ considerably from each other. 

Encelia (Simsia) purpurea Kose, sp. nov. Stems 2 to 3 feet high, with spreading 
branehcH ; younger parts villose-pubescent : leaves ovate, 6 to 18 lines loDg, acute, 
truncate or a little cuneate at base, entire or somewhat serrate, appressed- 
pubescent on both sides, short-petioled : inflorescence somewhat corjrmbose; 
peduncles 6 to 18 lines long: heads slender, cylindrical, 3 to 5 lines long; bracts 
of two len^hs, ovate-lanceolate, acute, somewhat hispid, 3- to 5-nerved, more or 
less purplish: involucral bracts emarginate or short-appendiculate, purplish: 
rays 5 to 8, 2 to 3 lines long, a little exserted beyond the disk, sterile, slightly 
2-toothed, yellow : disk-corolla 2^ lines long, with a very short proper tube (one- 
fourth line long), a slender cylindrical throat and 5 small teeth : akenes strongly 
flattened, 2| lines long, appressed, pubescent: pappus of 2 nearly equal awns 
a little longer than the akenes.— Only two plants found, these in a creek 
bottom. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1105. A peculiar species, 
resembling E. exaristata in the color and shape of the involucral bracts, but of 
diflerent habit. 

Verbesina spliaerocephala Gray in Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 428 (1887). 
Leaves toothed. Bought in the market at Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1404. 

Spllanthes alba Willd. Sp. PL iii. pt. 3. 1714 (1803). Involucral bracts about 8 : rays 
none: corolla 4-toothed: enter akenes 3-angled ; inner ones flat: receptacle high- 
conical. Grassy plains and river bottoms. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 
1891. No. 1192. 

This is the S. alba of Hemsley's Biol. Cent.-Amer., but differs from the descrip- 
tion in the number and shape of the involucral bracts. Fendler's No. 166 from 
the Isthmus of Panaoia seems to be the same species. S, paeudo-acmella var. of 
Capt. Wilkes' Kxped. (probably from the East Indies) seems very near our 
plant. 

Cosmos sulfiireus Cav. Ic. i. 56, t. 79 (1791). About 4 feet high, with a rough 
pubescence : leaves hi- to tri-pinnatifid, often 12 inches or more long, with rachis 
and midrib hispid; ultimate pinna, entire or 2- to 3-t'Oothed: peduncles 7 to 
10 inches long: bracts of outer involucre 2 lines long, ovate-linear, 3-nerved ; 
inner involucre, twice longer, scarious: rays 6 to 8, oblong; 6 to 9 lines long, 
3- toothed, ** amber" or deep orange: akenes 8 to 9 lines long, including the long 
beak, upwardly scabrous and with 2 spreading awns. Not common, and at the 
time of collection almost past blooming. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1222. 

This species is the same as the one collect-ed by Palmer in Jalisco (1886) and 
referred as above by Dr. Gray. 
I have not seen other specimens of this species, nor have I s^n CaTamUee* 



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plate of the same. The style tipe are peculiar for the genns, being long and 
filiform. 

I have grown this species in my grounds ficom seed. It is a rank, weedy look- 
ing plant, with rather coarse foliage. Some of the larger specimens reach the 
height of 7 feet. None of the plants bloomed out of doors, bat they had budded 
when killed by frost the Ist of November. A small specimen was saved and 
tran8plani«;d to the greenhouse and flowered about the middle of December. 
The flowei-s are very attractive and are fully 2 inches in diameter. The chief 
objection to tne plant is its very late blooming, being several weeks later than 
the commonly cultivated species. The flowering continues for several months. 

Bidens pilosa L. Sp. PI. ii. 832 (1753). In shade along river bottoms. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1169. 

Bidens bipinnata L. form. Awns divergent. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 923. Near Palmer's No. 131 (1885) from S. W. Chihuahua. 

Oalinsoga parvlflora Cav. Ic. iii. 41, t. 281 (1794) . Only a few plants seen in a river 
bottom. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1244. 

Galea urticsefolla DC. Prod. v. 674 (1836); Caleacte urticifolia R. Br. Trans. Linn. 
Soc. xii. 109(1818). Four to eight feet high. A very common plant abont 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1215. 

Tridax dubia Rose, sp. dov. A slender and more or less procumbent herb, somewhat 
hirsute : leaves opposite, ovate to lanceolate, serrate : inflorescence a few-flowered 
corymb; pedicels variable in length, sometimes 2 to 3 inches long: involncral 
bracts 5, distinct, herbaceous, ovate, acute: rays yellow, 5, fertile, 3- toothed; 
disk flowers perfect, fertile: pappus of 10 oblong, obtuse, ciliate-pectinate 
palae : akenes slightly flattened dorsally, a little pilose.— Along the river bot- 
tom ; not common. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1173. 
For illustration see PI. xxxiii. 

This species is doubtfully referred to Tridax, from which it differs in its less 
simple inflorescence, involucral bracts in a single series, and fertile rays, and in 
the character of the pappus. 

Mr. Wm. M. Canby, who has been very much interested in the plants, writes 
me as follows: ^'The plant clearly belongs where you place it, viz, in subtribe 
GaliuBogetB, of tribe Heliauihoide(e. Bentham and Hooker give but 7 genera 
in this subtribe and this plant is nearly related to but two of these, Galinsoga and 
Tridax f and does not fully agree with either. On the whole, however, it seems 
to me to be sufficiently near Tridax to be taken into it. In the detailed generic 
description of Bentham and Hooker is the phrase concerning the pappus of 
' aristato-acuminataB.' If this were left out you would not have much difficulty 
in bringing your plant int-o it. Now, in Tridax trUobata (which has been put under 
GalinBoga by good botanists) you have a pappus which is reaUy nearer that of 
your plant than of other species of Tridax. Bentham and Hooker suppress, I 
think, with reason, all the genera which have been found to accommodate spe- 
cies not just Tridax or Qalinsoga and unite them with the former. Your plant 
* is much like the original species of Tridax ( T. procumhenB) in the receptacle, 
chaff, and scales of the involucre. It approaches T, trilobata in the pappus. 
It seems to me that the simple fact of its having a definite number of pappi 
which are only ciliate-pectinate instead of plumose-ciliate and which are not 
aristate should not take it out of a genus in which there is as much variation 
in species as in Tridax.** 

Tridax prooumbens L. Sp. PI. ii. 900 (1753). Colima, January 9 to February 6, 
1891. No. 1183. 

Flaveria robusta Rose, sp. nov. About 4 feet high, pubescent or glabrate below : 
leaves lanceolate or linear above, 3 to 5 inches long, acute to acuminate, taper- 
ing into a slender petiole, 3-nerved, entire or slightly serrate : inflorescence open, 
por^mbose j fcea^s small, with 3 m^olqcr^) bracts; flqw^ra 3; ray 1, obicnlaf| 



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about 1 line long; disk flowers 2: akenes f of a line long. — Colima, Febmarj 27 

and 28, 1891. No. 1299. Also collected by Marcus E. Jones, June 28, 1892, dmt 

Armeria. No. 276. 
This species is near F, linearis and F. longifolioj bet with different leaTee, fewer 

flowers, etc. 
Porophyllam palmeri Rose, sp. nov. Perennial, much branched and open, several 

feet high, reddish and glabrous throughout : leaves opposite, oblong to broadly 

linear, 9 to 20 lines long, mostly obtuse, with linear glands along the margiu : 

flowers abundant, in numerous small corymbs : involucral bracts 5, 6 lines long, 

linear, acute, greenish or with purplish margin, with black glands : corolla tube 

very slender with 5 equal slender lobes : akenes linear, 3^ lines long : pappus 

abundant, shorter than the corolla. — Collected in a ravine bottom, in the shade 

of bushes. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1142. 
For illustration see PI. xxxiv. 
This plant seems nearest P. jorullenee, but differs in its inflorescence, glaod- 

bearing leaves which are not reticulated, its pappus which is shorter than the 

corolla, etc. 
Dyaodia tagetiflora Lag. Gen. et Spec. Nov. 29 (1816) . Very common on grassy plains 

about Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1157. 
Tagetes subulata Llav. & Lex. Nov. Veg. Desc. fasc. 1. 31 (1824). Collected on the 

river bank; also bought in the market under the name ''Santa Maria.^' It has 

a very strong, disagreeable odor, and is manufactured into an insect powder. 

Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. Nos. 1154 and 1180. 
Tagetes tenuifoUa Cav. Ic. ii . 54, 1. 169 (1793). Common in river bottoms at Colima, 

February 27 and 28, 1891 . No. 1318. 
Pectis arenaria Benth. Bot.Yoy. Snlph. 110 (1844). Leaves 1 to 2 inches long: 

akenes 4 lines long. The plant grows in the sand just above high tide at Mao- 

zanillo. December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 971. 
Pectia coulteri Harvey & Gray, PI. Fendl. 62 (1849). Very common on sandy 

plains. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 759. 
Pectia diffusa Hook. & Am. Bot. Beech. Voy.296 (1840). Common by river banks 

at Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1158. 
This seems to be Hooker and Amott's species. The pappus, which is described 

as of 10 to 29 setii*, is quite variable. These plants have many akenes with 10 to 

14 seta^, but often there are only 3 to 5. 
It is the same as Palmer's No. 4 (1886) and Pringle's No. 1814 from Jalisco, both 

doubtfully referred to the above species. 
Pectis palmeri Watson, Proo. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 58 (1889). Very common on rich 

bottoms near creek. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 765. 
Pectis prostrala Cav. Ic. iv. 12, t. 324 (1797;. Not common. Found near the 

beach. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 910. 
Erechthites runcinata (Less.) DC. Prod. vi. 295 (1837); Seneoio rundnaia Less. 

Linnaea, vi. 410 (1831). A tall, coarse herb with large leaves 1 to 1^ feet long: 

flowers red. In moist, shady valleys. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 

No. 1145. 
Dr. Palmer says this plant seems to have some good medical properties and is 

much used by the medicine venders under the name of "Maguapas." 
Cacalia pringlei Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxv. 156 (1890) Stems 6 feet high: 

flowers white. Collected on the grassy slope of a hill. Colima, January 9 to 

February 6, 1891. No. 1234. 
Trizis obvallata Hook. & Am. Bot. Beech. Voy. 300, t. m (1840). On grassy hilb 

about Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1235. Also from the mar- 
kets. No. 1406. 
Triads alata Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. xvi. 192 (1833). A bushy plant, 5 to 10 feet high. 

Near the base of the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. ^7. 
This plant, which is now collected for the second time, was obtained by S«si9 



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and Mocino over a hundred years ago (about 1788), but the station is not men- 
tioned; and it is more than sixty years since Don first published (1833) his 
description. 

Mr. Hemsley writes me that the type is probably in the Delessent Herbarium 
at Geneva, and that the species was not represented in the Kew Herbarium. 

LOBEIiIACXSiB. 

Heterotoma tenella, Turcz. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. xxv. pt. 2. 175 (1852). In moist, 
shady places among rocks along river bottoms. Colima. January 9 to February 
C, 1891. No. 1177. Also good specimens from Mrs. H. L. T. Wolcott, to whom 
seed had been sent. 

PLUMBAGINACE^]. 

Fliimbago pulchella Boiss. in DC. Prod. xii. 692 (1848). Common along fences. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1182. 

M7R8INACE23. 

Jacquioia sp. A small tree, 12 feet high with very large top: leaves spatnlate to 
oblanceolate, sharply pungent, glabrous, 3 inches long : flowers in racemes, 
orange-colored : fruit 1 inch in diameter. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1891. 
No. 1014. 

Lucuma sp. A small shrub, 10 feet high ; young branches pubescent : leaves oblan- 
ceolate, tapering into a slender petiole (1 inch or more long), glabrous, obtuse 
or acutish, shining above j 5 to 8 inches long, 1| to 2^ inches broad: flowers in 
clusters of 2 to 4, supra- axillary : peduncles 6 to 7 lines long, pubescent: sepals 
5, orbicular, obtuse, imbricated, pubescent without, snbequal, 3 lines long : corolla 
dull white, somewhat tubular, 6 lines long, 5- cleft to the middle or into obtuse 
lobes, puberulent: stamens and staminodia equally inserted near the top of the 
tube; stamens included on short filaments about equal to the anthers ; stamin- 
odia linear, longer than the stamens ; ovary jtubesceut, 5-celled : fruit unknown. 
Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1346. 

Very similar to a specimen in the National Herbarium from a plant oulti- 
vated in Florida under the name L. fruiicosa, 

8APOTACE23. 

Bumelia arborescens Rose, sp. nov. A tree with a wide-spreading top ; trunk 1 
foot ia diameter; branches often bearing short, straight thorns: leaves when 
young clothed with a close, short, reddish pubescence, in age glabrous and shin- 
ing, oblong, obtuse, 2 to 3 inches long: flowers very numerous in the axils of the 
leaves: pedicels \\io2\ lines long: •calyx and pedicels ferruginous-pubescent: 
fruit glabrous. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1123. 

Mr. Hemsley writes that they have not this species in the herbarium at Kew^ 
Perhaps nearest B. persimilis. 

APOCnrNACE23. 

Rauwolfia heterophylla Roem. <& Schult. Syst. iv. 805 (1819). A shrub 5 to 6 feet 
high. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1030. Armeria, February 27 
and 28, 1891. Letter H. 

Thevetia cunelfoUa (H. B. K.) A. DC. Prod. viii. 344 (1844) ; Cerheria cuneifolia H. B. 
K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iii. 224 (1818). A shrub 20 feet high, 6 to 12 inches in diam- 
eter, leaves often 5 to 6 inches long : flowers yellow. Manzanillo, December 1 to 
31,1890. No. 1069. 

This shrub gives out an abundance of milky juice when cut. The plant has 
apparently only been collected twice, first by Humboldt in flower and next by 



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Dr. Palmer, in 1886, in frnit. At Manzauillo the plant was both in flower and 
fruit. It differs but slightly from the. description in H. B. K., Nova Genera et 
Species Plantarum vol. iii. The leaves are, however, a little longer. 



Fio. 7.— a, leaf of Thevetia eune\folia, showing upper side; b, a smaller leaf, showing lower side; 

a and b natural size. 

Plumeria sp. A shrnb 15 to 20 feet high^ 4 inches in diameter. ManzaniUo, March 
2 to 18, 1891. No. 1394. 
This ma J be P. mexicana, but the specimens have neither flowers nor leaves. 



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A8CLEPIADACE2:. 



Fhilibertia cumanensis (H. B. K.) Hemsl. Biol. Cent.-Amer. ii. 318 (1881); Sar- 
coHtemma cumanensis H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iii. 195 (1818). Climbing over 
plants about the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1002. 

The white flowers are said to be sweet-scented. 
MacroBcepis sp. A high climber : leaves broadly oblong, 5 to 6 inches long, obtuse 
or shortly acuminate, rounded at base, sessile, densely tomentose beneath, 
nearly glabrous above: follicles 3 inches long, reflexed in fruit, tapering to- the 
apex, densely velvety-pubescent: seeds glabrous, except the long brownish 
coma. In the mountains about Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1028. 

This plant is said to climb to the top of the tallest trees. If a Macrascepis it 
is a new species, but as it is only in fruit it is referred to as above. Bourgeau*s 
No. 1510, which seems to be the same as Palmer's plant, is also referred to this 
genus without name by Hemsley in Biol. Cent.-Amer. ii. 321. 
AsclepiaB curasBavica L. Sp. PI. i. 215 (1753). Leaves very narrow. In low 
ground. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1047. Armeria, February 15, 
1891. No. 1282. 

Dr. Palmer says this species is 
sometimes cultivated in Mexico. 

Mrs. H. L. T. Wolcott has grown 
some very attractive plants from 
seed sent May 1,1892, which bloomed 
November 1. The contrast between 
the bright orange stamens and the 
dark corolla is very pleasing. 

An interesting note regarding the 
culture of this species occurs in the 
Gardener's Chronicle (April 15,1893). 
It 18 there spoken of as a very at- 
tractive plant and worthy of a place 
in our gardens. 
Aflclepias glaucescens H. B. K. Nov. 
Gen. et Spec. iii. 190, t. 227 (1818). 
Leaves 5 to 6 inches long, acute. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 
1891. No. 1150. 

A comparison of these specimens 
with those referred to A. glaucescene 
from the United States shows that the latter belong to a different though closely 
allied species. 

A. glaucescenn was described and figured by H. B. K. in Nov. Gen. et Spec, iii., p. 
190, t. 227, from plants collected between Acapulco and La Verta de la Moxonera. 
The following note is from the Bot. Gaz. xvii. 193. 

Dr. Gray in Syn. Fl., ii. 92. refers the J.«M?/iraii/u Torrey, Bot. Mex. Bound, 
p. 162, to this species. The United States species, however, is clearly distinct from 
A.glauctscenSf and should be referred to A, elata Benth. Dr. Gray, indeed, in 
the Syn. Flora, Suppl. p. 407, considers the two to be the same species; but in the 
light of this new material I am convinced we have two good species, although 
closely related. 

A. elata Benth. has oblong or oval leaves, rounded at the apex, very similar to 
those of A. obt usifo lia . • 

A, glaucescena has much longer and narrower leaves, oblong to linear-oblong 
and acute : the flowers are much larger in A. eJatay and the hoods are spreading, 
exposing the gynostegium; in A. glaucescentf the hoods are longer instead of 
shorter than the gynostegium, and erect and connivent. There is also a good 



I 




FiQ. S.—a, Hood from A»clejn<u glautescens; b, the 
same, showing the horn; c. hood from A. elata; d, 
the same, showing the horn. All enlarged four 
times. 



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character in the horns. Dr. Gray clearly describes the form as it is in ^. ei«fa 
(under J. glauceswuH 8yn. Fl.), where, in speaking of the hood, he Bays *'th« 
whole length within occupied hy a broad and thin crest, which is 2-lobed at the 
summit, the outer lobe broad and rounded, the inner a short triangular-sabiilate 
nearly included horn ; '* in A, glauce^cene the horn is a broad, triangular, inonrred, 
entire beak. 

LOGANIACE^S. 

Spigelia* palmeri Rose, sp. nov. Annual, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, glabrous : leaves 
opposite (connected by an ovate membranaceous stipule), oblong to oval, acote 
or obtuse, tapering at base into a short petiole, glabrous, pale beneath, 1 to 3 
inches long, 8 to 20 lines broad, spikea 8-to 12-flowered, terminal or axillary: 
sepals linear, 1^ lines long, shorter than the capsule: corolla white; tobe4 lines 
long; lobes 4 to 5 lines long: stamens 5: capsule glabrous. — In wet places across 
the lagoon from Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 929. 

POLEMONIACB2:. 

Lcsselia ciliata L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 875 (1763). Common along river l>ottom& 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1175. 

Lcsselia coccinea (Cav.) Don, Gen. Syst. iv. 247 (1838); Hoilzia eocdnta Cav. Ic. 
iv. 44, t. 365 (1797). In mountain ravines. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1^1. 
No. 1301. 

This plant is called " Kspincilla," and is used in many places in Mexico as a 
medicine. 

Lcsselia glandulosa (Cav.) Don, Gen. Syst. iv. 248 (1838); Hoitzia gJatidulosa Cav. 
Ic. iv. 45, t. 367(1797). Collected along streams. Colima, January 9 to Febru- 
ary 6, 1891. No. 1152. 

H7DROPH7LLACi:2i. 

Nama jamaicense L. Sp. Pl.ed. 2. i. .327 (1762). Colima, January 9 to February 

6,1891. No. 1233. 
Hydrolea spinosa L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 328 (1762). A small specimen found at the side 

of a dry ditch near Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1305. 

BORAGINACE^S. 

Cordia sp. A tree 25 feet high, about 10 inches in diameter, younger stems whitish: 
leaves broadly lanceolate to broadly ovate, acute to somewhat acuminate, witb 
truncate or somewhat cuneate base, green and smooth above, whitish and with 
a short, close pubescence below: flowers very abundant in large open panicles: 
pedicels short, mostly 1 liue long, sometimes 4 lines long: flower-buds globular, 
opening by a deciduous operculum: calyx short-campannlate, 2 to 3 lines long, 
whitish pubescent, somewhat 10-ribbed, with small teeth: corolla with short 
tube scarcely longer than the calyx, limb spreading (10 to 12 lines broad) 
deeply cut into 5 oblong, obtuse lobes, white ( f ), marcescent : stamens 5, exserted : 
style twice 2-parted: drui)e ovate-acuminate, 4-celled. A very common tree 
about Manzanillo and worthy of cnltivation. December 1 to 31, 1830. No. 895. 
The marcescent corolla seems to ally this species with De CandoUe's section 
Oerascanthus. Of all the specimens of Cordia which wo have seen, it most resem- 
bles C. ( Varronia) alba. 

Cordia alba (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. Syst. iv. 466 (1819); Varronia alba Jacq. 
Select. Stirp. Amer. p. 41 (1763). Manzanillo, Manh 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1369. 



•To this genus should bo referred Calophanes palmeri Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad, 
xxii. 443, which is probably S. acabrella Beuth. or near it. 



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Toumefortia capitata Mart. & Gal. Bull. Acad. Brux. xi., pt. 2, 332 (1844). Coli- 

nia, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1243. 
Toumefortia floribunda H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. iii. 89 (1818). A high woody 

climber : flowers greenish yellow. Very common along streams, and at the base 

of mouutaius. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1210. Manzanillo, 

March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1359. 
This plant almost completely covers the bushes and shrnbs over which it runs. 

Dr. Palmer speaks of a large shrub 15 feet high, with considerable spread of 

branches, which was entirely hidden by it. I do not find that this plant is 

reported from Mexico, but it seems to be common there, and as it corresponds 

fairly well with the description and with a single specimen from Brazil, 1 have 

no hesitancy in referring it as above. 
Toumefortia hirsutissima (?) L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 201 (1762). Tall shrubby 

climber covering the tops of the highest trees with its numerous branches : the 
small drupes at first dull white and fleshy: in age hard and dry. Manzanillo, 

December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1043. 
This plant seems to be the same as the one obtained by C. Wright in Nicaragua, 

and also referred as above. In both of these specimens the leaves are nearly 

glabrous in age. In De Candolle's Prodromus this species is described as " fruti- 

cosa erecta." Also about Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1242. 

But in these specimens the leaves are very scabrous and more pubescent. 
Heliotropium cnraBsavictim L. Sp. PI. i. 130 (1753). Manzanillo. March 2 to 18, 

1891. No. 1343. 
Heliotropium phyUostachyam Torr. Bot. Mex. Bound. 137 (1859). Manzanillo, 

December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 891. 
Heliotropium indicum L. Sp. PI. i. 130 (1753). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 

1890. No. 953. March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1378. 
Heliotropium inundatum Swartz, Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 40 (1788). Colima, January 

9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1122. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1361. 
Heliotropium parviflorum L. Mant. ii. 201 (1771). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 

1890. No. 915. 

CONVOLVULACRaa. 

Ipomcea (Orthipomcsa) ^wolcottiana Rose, Garden and Forest, vii. 367 (1894). A 
tree, 30 feet high, sometimes 1 foot in diameter: branches slender, somewhat 
drooping: leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3 to 5 inches long, 1^ to 3^ inches 
broad, rounded or truncate at base, acuminate, glabrous, on petioles 2 to 4 
inches long: flowers in numerous short racemes or corymbs mostly naked: 
pedicels jointed near the base, little if at all thickened upward, 4 to 6 lines 
long: calyx 5 to 6 lines long, glabrous: sepals nearly equal, oblong or oval, 
rounded at apex: corolla white, broadly campanulate, 2\ inches broad, with 
a short thick tube 1 inch long: capsnle oblong, 9 lines long, glabrous, 2- 
valved, 4-8eeded, separating into 4 carpels: seeds oblong, 4 lines long with the 
margins covered with a long reflex coma longer than the seed. Manzanillo, 
March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1342. 

Dr. Palmer speaks of this as a tree with a large top, hanging branches, and a 
g^eat profusion of flowers. The flowers generally appear before the leaves, but 
when both appear together the flowers are found in the axils of the leaves form- 
ing short, leafy racemes. It is called "Acote" and the bark is used in the prep- 
ation of a tea which is taken.for diseases of the kidneys. 

Ipomcea bracteata Cav. Ic. v. 51, t. 447 (1799). Agiabarapo, October 3 to 15, 1890. 
Letter D. 

Ipomcea nelson! Rose, sp. nov. Climbing, abundantly hirBute : leaves cordate, with 
open sinus, obtuse to somewhat acuminate, 1^ to 3 inches long (peduncles mostly 
shorter, sometimes longer) glabrous or nearly so : peduncles slender, longer than 



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tho leaves, glabrous, 2- to 12-flowered; calyx I line long, the lobes oblong- 
ovate, obtnse; corolla funnel-form, glabrous, 9 to 12 lines loug, oraugc color: 
stamens included : style included, stigma 2-lobed : capsule glabrous, 2 lioes in 
diameter, 2-celled, 4-ovuled, 2- to 4-seeded. — A great climber over fences and 
bushes. Very common in the bottom of a creek near where it empties into tifee 
lagoon. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1363. Also collected by E. W. 
Nelson in a deserted field near the town of Toxtepee, Oaxaca, April 9, 1894. 
No 318. 
For illustration see PI. xxxv. 

This is a very handsome climber ana well worthy of cultivation. 
I have grown 8i>eclmens in the greenhouse of the Agricultural Department, as 
has also Dr. B. L. Robinson at Cambridge. It is a very delicate little vine and 
its yellow flowers are very attractive. 

Near to /. microsepala Bcnth. (Bot. Voy. Sulph. 136)» which species I have not 
seen. Mr. Helmsley writes me, however, that **/. microsepala has quite a narrow 
corolla", and that he also takes Palmer's plant to be new. 

Ipomcsa pes-caprse Roth, Nov. PI. Sp. 109 (1821); Contolvulu8 peM-capro' I,. Sp. 
PI. i. 159 (1753). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1055. 

Ipomcsa peduncularis Bertol. Fl. Guatem. 8, t. 2 (1840). Colima, January 9 to Feb- 
ruary 6, 1891. No. 1104. 

Ipomcsa quinquefolia L. Sp. PI. i. 162 (1753). Flowers white. Along the banks 
of a lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1017. Only a single plant 
seen. 

Ipomcsa sidsefolia Choisy, Mem. Soc. Phys. Genev. vi.459 (1833). A high-climbing 
plant and an abundant bloomer: flowers* white with the tube blotched with 
purple. Along the side of the river emptying into the lagoon at Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1049. 

Ipomcsa umbeUata (L.) G. F. W. Mey. Prim. Fl. Esseq. 99 (1818) not L; ConroU 
vhIus umbfVatus L. Sp. PI. 155 (1753). Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1099. The flowers, which are yellow, open late in the morning and do not 
close until lat« in the day. 

Ipomcsa sp. Low climber, glabrous: leaves pinnate or pedately 7-parted; seg- 
ments glabrouH, linear to linear-lanceolate, more or less toothed: petioles short: 
])eduncles 1| to 2 inches long, 1- to 2-flowered; i)etioles 6 to 12 lines long, mucb 
thickened in fruit: sepals imbricate, equal, 5 to 6 lines long, oval to oblong, 
rounded at apex with a scarious margin : corolla in bud covered with long silky 
hairs tinged with yellow, wheel-shaped with a slender tube shorter than the 
calyx: anthers partly exseited and twisted. No. 781. 

This species belongs to Choisy *s sub-section Multilobce of Stropkipomaa ns laid 
down in DC. Prod. vol. ix. As considered by others, it would be referred to the 
section Operculina; for although the capsule is not strictly circumscisaile, y^ 
it is clearly diflereutiated into an upper and lower part. A. Peter in Engler and 
Prantl, Pflanzenf. keeps Operculina distinct from Ipomoea on account of tho cap- 
sule, but I do not find that this character holds in the Mexican species. /. rkod^ 
calyx G*"ay has a very difl'erent leaf and corolla from my species, but the capsule 
has very thin valves throughout, irregularly breaking apart. 

Ipomcsa sp. Trailing or low-climbing plant: leaves palmately parted: corolla 
purplish. Common on mountain side. Manzanillo, December 1 t^ 31, 1890. 
No. 1031. 

Ipomcsa sp. Low climber: loaves cordate and with a deep sinus: flowers in umbel- 
late clusters: corolla pinkish. At base of mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 
to 31, 1890. No. 978. 

Ipomcsa sp. A low climber. Not common. Agiabarapo, October 3 to 15, 1890. 
No. 774. 



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Svolvulns linifoliuB L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 392 (1762). Only a few specimens seen. 

Kanzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 952. 
Cusonta sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 948. 
Ciiscnta sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 949. 

SOLANACEiB. 

Solaxmm amazonium Ker, Bot. Reg. i. t. 71 (1815). A very thorny shrab, 2^ feet 

high. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1035. 
Solanum callicarpaloliuin Kimth Sl Bouohe in DC. Prod. xiii. pt. 1. 107 (1852). 
¥v9% W six fvet high : flowers dull white : fruit yellow. Along the margin of the 
lagoon and in the neighboring swamps. ManzaniUo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 1051. 

Solanum gray! Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. i. 108 (1891). Stems 3 feet high. Com- 
mon on grassy bottoms. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1202. 
This species was recently collected by W. G. Wright (determined by Dr. B. L. 
Robinson) near Mazatlan. 

Solanum tequilense Gray in Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 441 (1887). Two 
to three feet high : flowers white : fruit yellow. Colima, February 27 and 28, 
1891. No. 1327. 

Probably this species, although the spines are fewer and stouter. Only a few 
flowers and 2 leaves were obtained. 

Solanum triste Jacq. Enum. PI. Carib. 15 (1760). Shrub 4 feet high. In swamps 
across the bay from Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1001. 

Solanum sp. Shrub about 6 feet high*: branches and leaves more or less prickly : 
leaves entire or repandly toothed : flowers white. Colima, January 9 to Feb- 
ruary 6, 1891. No. 1179. 

Capaicum baocatum L. Mant. i. 47 (1767). Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890* 
No. 772. 

This small pepper, which is very common all over the State of Sonora, is much 
used by the Mexicans. Some years capsules are gathered in great quantities 
and shipped to San Francisco, where they are made into pepper sauce. 

Cestnun macrophyUum Vent, Choix. 18 (1803). Shrub, 5 feet high. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1246. 

Nicotiana plumbaginifoUa Viv. £1. PI. Hort. Bot. Dinegro, 26 (1802). Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1121. 

SCROPHUIiARIACBiC. 

RusBella sarmentosa Jacq. Select. Stirp. Amer. 178, t. 113 (1763). On the moun- 
tain sides. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 954. 

Stemodia palmeri Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 403 (1886). Among rocks along a 
river. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1252. 

Stemodia parvifiora Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. iv. 52 (1812). Habitat similar to that 
of above species. No. 1178. 

Stemodia durantifolia Swartz, Obs. 240 (1791). Along a ditch. Colima, Janu- 
ary 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1112. 

HerpestiB ohamasdryoideB H. B. K.Nov. Gen. et Spec. ii. 369 (1817). Common. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1237. 

Herpestis monnieria (L.) H. B. K. Nov. G^n. et spec. ii. 366 (1817); Gratiola mon- 
nieria L. Amoen. Acad. iv. 306 (1759). Common about the lagoon at Manzanillo, 
March 2 to 18, 1891 . No. 1376. 

Sooparia dolois L. Sp. PI. ed. 2.i. 168 (1762). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 894. 

Caprarla saadfragasfolia Cham. <& Schlecht. Linn^a, v. 105 (1830). Near the base 
of the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 917. 



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Buchnera mexicana (f) Hemsley, Biol. Ceiit.-Amer. ii. 457 (1882). Colinia. Ji&t 
ary 9 to February 6, 1891. Ko. 1168. 

Specimens found in poor condition, and hence the specitic determiDsfttion u 
somewhat uncertain. 

BIGNONIACE^l. 

Blgnonia unguis-cati ( ?) L. Sp. PL ii. 623 (1753). Climbing over small ire« afcl 
bushes. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1072. 

This is doubtfully referred here, as the specimens are without tiowers orfmit. 
but it agrees withC. Wright's specimens from Nicaragua collected oo the Bin^ 
gol'l and Kogers Exploring Expedition, 1853-1856. 
Tabebuia donnell-amithii Rose, Bot. Gaz. xvii. 418, t. 26 (1892) A tree 50 to ~ 
feet high, often 4 feet in diameter : leaves palmately compound on long pedunelr- 
5 to 10 inches long; leaflets 7, very variable in size (the largest on petiolulee I 
to 3^ inches long), oblong to ovate, acuminate, rounded or truncate at base, 
serrate, glabrate in age, 2 to 10 inches long, often 3 inches broad: flowers 
arranged in a large terminal panicle of small cymes, 8 inches long, with short 
glandular-pubescence throughout : cymes few-flowered, with deciduons scariou* 
bracts; pedicels 6 lines long: calyx closed in bud, deeply cleft and two-lipped 
in flower, 6 lines long: corolla yellow, tubular, 5-lobed ; tube 1 to 1^ inches loo.^: 
limb 1^ inches broad: stamens 4, included, didynamous; filaments incurvetl 
glabrous except at base; anther cells glabrous, oblong; sterile filament 1| line? 
long: ovary sessile: pods 12 inches or more long, 10-ribbed, glandular-pubescent 
and loculicidally dehiscent : seeds in 2 rows. Common on the mountains about 
Colima and cultivated about the town. Collected by Capt. John Donnell Smith, 
at Cuyuta in the department of Escuintla, at an altitude of 200 feet, April 
1890, No. 2070; and, also, by Dr. Edward Palmer, at Colima, January 9 to Feb- 
ruary 6, 1891. No. 1098. 

This is said to be one of the most beautiful trees of Mexico, and is called 
" Primavera." The flowers are of a beautiful golden yellow, produee<l in great 
abundance, and generally appearing before the leaves. The trees are often large, 
sometimes 4 feet in diameter, and the wootl very valuable. The trunks are rni 
iuto logs about 12 feet in length and shipped from Manzanillo, in the State of 
Colima, to the Unite<l States, principally to Cincinnati and San Francisco, where 
they are much used for cabinetwork and veneering. The tree is very com- 
mon in the lower part of the department of Escuintla; it is tall and slender, 
usually leafless, and with the profuse delicate yellow flowers standing out agniast 
the sky like golden clouds. 

The following note is from a letter of J. D. Smith, January 7, 1892 : ** The tre« 
were too branchless for my servant to climb, too stout for him to fell with hi» 
machete, and too high for me to discern what manner of leaves were those which 
occasionally showed themselves among the flowers. My flowers were all picked 
up on the ground. I think there must be many trees in those countries of which 
botanists have not been able easily to collect specimens, and which, therefore, 
remain unknown." 

I have not been able to place in any known species this interesting tree. U 
seems curious that a tree so widely distributed, of such attractive flowers, aod 
of some commercial importance should have remained unknown to botanists. 
The species, while not agreeing in all respects with Tabfibuiaf answers better to 
this than to any other known genus. In its inflorescence and ribbed pods it if 
more like Godmannia and CyhistaXy but does not agree in other particulars. 

Since the above description of this tree was published by me in the Botanical 
Gazette I have written to several New York dealers in imported woods and learn 
that they are well acquainted with it. I give two of these letters. Mr. John 
R. Graham wrote, under date of December 29, 1892: 



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" Replying to yonr postal, ' Primavera ' or ' white mahogany ' are the two names 
for the same wood, which grows in Mexico. It is used largely in the manufac- 
ture of fine furniture and interior decoration. We handle it in the logs and 
lumber, also veneers. Worth from 12 cents per foot in the log to 15 to 25 cents 
iu lumber." 

William E. Uptegrove & Bro. write, under date of December 29, 1892: 

** We do handle * Primavera' or * white mahogany.' The two names are used 
for the same wood. The former is correct. It is a native of Mexico. That 
growing on the west coast is the best. It is used only moderately and costs 
somewhat higher than ' red ' mahogany. We do not consider it a desirable 
cabinet wood." 

A condensed account of the original description is given iu Hardwood (vol. 
iii. 21), by Geo. B. Sudworth. 

Prof. C. S. Sargent, in Garden and Forest (vol. vi, p. 12), says : 

*' In the December issue of The Botanical Gazette there is a figure reproduced 
from one of Mr. Faxon's drawings of a species of Tahchuiay a native of Mexico 
and Central America, which Prof. Rose, of the Department of Agriculture, 
describes as a new species, and which he dedicates to Mr. John Donnell Smith, 
of Baltimore, its discoverer. For the last twelve or fifteen years a handsome, 
light-colored wood has been imported into the market of Sau Francisco from the 
west coast of Mexico, and is said to have been produced by a tree called * Prima 
vera.' This wood, of late years, has been quite extensively brought into the 
Eastern markets under the name of 'white mahogany,' and is now considered 
here one of the most valuable and useful of all cabinet woods. Its origin has 
long remained unknown, and although there may be still some doubt as to the 
identity of white mahogany with the ' Pyimavera ' of Manzanillo, Prof. Rose's 
note gives the indication of the direction in which further investigations of the 
origin and source of supply of this wood should be made." 
Teooma stana (L.) Juss. Gen. Plant. 139 (1789); Bignonia etans L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 
871 (1763). Collected in the public square at Guaymas, July 30, 1891. 

This plant is commonly cultivated in Mexico for its handsome fiowers. 
Parmentiera sp. A small tree, 12 feet high with horizontal branches: leaves in 
fascicles of 2 to 5 subtended by a single spine; leafiets 3, obovate, obtuse, 
entire or toothed towards the apex; petioles slightly winged, about the length 
of the leafiets: pods 10 inches long, yellow. Iu shady woods about Manzanillo, 
March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1347. 

This species difi*ers certainly from P. cereifera and P. eduliSf which by some are 
considered the only two species; from the former it diff'ers in its pods, acuminate 
leaflets. and calyx: from the latter, in its pods, etc. Miers considered there 
were six species; of these it seems nearest to P.foliolosaj but differs in being 
spiny; P. aculeata has similar spines, but its leafiets are often simple; in P. 
lanoeolata all the leafiets are simple ; P. alata has very properly been referred to 
the genus Crescentia. 

Mr. John Donnell Smith has since written me that he has in his collection two 
numbers which he considers the same as mine, which he has referred to P. 
edulia. 

ACANTHACII23. 

Calophanes sp. Armeria, February 15, 1891. No. 1274. 

Calophanes sp. Compact plant, 2 to 3 feet high: leaves oblong, acuminate, 
tapering at base into a short petiole, glabrous beneath, slightly scabrous above, 
3 to 6 inches long; upper leaves smaller and narrower: fiowers arallary or form- 
ing leafy spikes: calyx puberuleut; tube 2 lines long; lobes unequal, filiform 
3 to 4 lines long: corolla violet, puberuleut without, IJ^ to If inches long; tube 
slender I lobes gbtuse, ecj^ual, spreading: stamens 4, nearly e(^ual, slightly 



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ex8ert«d ; anthers 2-celled, obtuse at baae : capsale slii^btly compressed, 5 liaet 
long including the short stipe, cinereoas-pnbemlent : seeds 4 (2 to each eell>. 
mnch flattened. Armeria, Febmary 15, 1891. No. 1286. 
Thib species has the stamens of RueUia, 

A peculiar form growing with the abore has short woolly pobeecence aad 
bright crimson flowers. No. 1287. 

RueUia albicanlis Bertero, in Spreng. Syst. Teg. iL 822 (1825). Flowers lilac. A 
Yery common plant growing in thick shady woods. Colima. Febrnmry 27 and 2K 
1891. No. 1321. 

In this species the oviiles are only 2 in each cell and only one in each ceE 
matures. In this respect the species has the character of Calopknne*. Hiis 
peculiarity I find holds in J. D. Smith's Guatemala plant as well as in that of C. 
Wright from Nicaragua. 

Rnellia taberosa L. 8p. PL ii. 635 (1753). Along creek bottoms. A^iabampo, 
Octol>er 3 to 15, 1890. No. 757. 

Rnellia sp. Flowers lilac color. Among underbrush along a river bank. Colima. 
February 27, 1891. No. 1313. 

Blechum brownei Jnss. Ann. Mus. Par. ix. 270 (1807). ihis is a very commoD 
plant alN>ut the month of the river which enters the lagoon near Manzanillo. 
It grows in the shade. March 2 to 18. No. 1357. 

Jnsticia mezicana Rose, sp. nov. An upright shrub, sometimes 6 feet hi^h, glab- 
rous or nearly so : leaves short- pet ioled, ovate, acuminate, glabrous or with som« 
appreH8ed pubescence: flowers few on short axillary branches: bracts 3, linear, 
6 lines long: bractlets filiform: calyx deeply 5-cleft, its lobes 3 lines long: co- 
rolla Hcarlet, 1^ inches long, pubemlent, deeply bilabiate; upper lip orect. eatirv 
or with a slight notch; lower lip spreading, 3-cleft : stamens 2; anthers 2'-celIed. 
nueqiially exscrted, the lower one slightly mucronate: capsule 2 lines long, on 
a 8tii>e of equal length, glabrous, 2-celled, 4-seeded : seeds reddish, glabrons. — Is 
rich bottoms, growing in shade. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 788. 

Tliis species is near J. palmeri^ but with more acuminate leaves, narrowrr 
bracts, etc. 

Jnsticia paniculata Rose, sp. nov. One or two feet high, much branched, glandnlar- 
pubescent and somewhat villose, older parts with whitish bark and glabra!^: 
leaves lanceolate, acute, or slightly acuminate, or lower ones oblong to oval 
and obtuse, cnneate at base into a short petiole, pubescent beneath, becomini: 
glabrate above: panicles sometimes axillary, 2 to 4 inches long: flowers ses- 
sile: bracts and bractlets small, filiform, 1| lines long: calyx deeply 4-parted 
into filiform lobes 4 lines loug, glandular-pubescent: corolla somewhat 
swollen, "white, tinted with mauve," 5 to 6 lines long, two-lipped; lower lip 
3-lobed, spreading; upper lip erect, rostrate, and bidentate: stamens 2; anther 
cellH 2, oblique, hairy on the back, separated by a broad connective, broader 
above; lower cells appendiculate or coalescing with the connective: style a little 
hairy below and also the ovary : capsule 6 to 8 lines long, pubemlent, 4-seeded: 
seeds 1^ lines in diameter with a short, thick pubescence. — ^Along a river 
bottom in the shade. Only three plants seen. Colima, January 9 to Febraary 6, 
1891. No. 1143. 

Dianthera (f) sp. Leaves oblong, 3 to 4 inches long, on short petioles, acnte: 
flowers in loug, slender, unilateral spikes: corolla 2-lipped; upper lip entire, 
lower lip 3-lobed: stamous, 2; filaments broadened; anther cells 2, unequally 
inserted: capsules 5^ lines long including the slender stipe, acuminate, cells 
each 2-8eeded: seeds very flat, cordate, papillose. — On the mountain sides 
about Munzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 892, 

These specimens are in fruit, but from some buds the flower characters wer» 
made out. This resembles Carlmcrightia^ but the stamens seem to place it iq 
^Ije i^bove genus. 



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Caxlowrightia arizonica Gray, Proc. Anier. Acad. xiii. 364 (1878). A diffuse Hhrnb, 
Boinetimes 3 feet high : largest leaves 1 inch long, jointed near the base. — Grow- 
ing among other shrubs. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 769. 
Only a few specimens were collected and these are in fruit with no flowers. 

Jacobinia auriculata Rose, sp.nov. Two to three feet high: branches sharply 
4-angled: leaves glabrous, 3 to 6 inches long, broadly lanceolate, acuminate, 
tapering int^ a winged petiole with an auriculate base : flowers in a dense panicle 
of racemes, bracts and bractlets small: peduncles in fruit 6 lines long: calyx 
2 lines long, deeply cleft into 5 equal acuminate sepals: corolla crimson, 1 inch 
loijg, 2-lipped; upper lip 2-lobed: stamens 2, inserted at the top of the slender 
corolla tube : anther cells 2, equal and parallel : capsule 12 to 15 lines long (includ- 
ing the very slender stipe), glabrous : cells 2-seeded : seeds 2^ lines in diameter. — 
Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1323. 

Jacobinia sp. Four to five feet high^ somewhat open : leaves ovate-lanceolate, acu- 
minate, cuneate at base, 2 to 3 inches long, glabrous or a little villose on the 
veins, short petioled : flowers in small, axillary or terminal clusters: bracts fili- 
form, 5 to 6 lines long, slightly hairy; bractlets 2, similar but shorter: calyx 
puberuleut, 2 lines long, cleft below the middle into 5 ovate-acuminate lobes: 
corolla scarlet, puberulent without, 15 lines long, 2-lipped ; upper lip (interior 
in bud) erect, entire; lower lip 3-cleft to near the middle: stamens 2, each 
2-celled; anther cells parallel, almost equally inserted, oblong, 1 line long, muti- 
cous at base: capsule (including the stipe) 7 lines long, 2-celled, 2 seeds to each 
cell ; seeds 1 line in diameter, roughened. In shade of bushes in the mountains. 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 946. 

With only scanty material and scattered descriptions of the various species of 
this genus, I think it is best not to name what seems to be a new species. 

Dicliptera resupinata (Vahl) Juss. Ann. Mus. Par. ix. 268 (1807); Juaticia resu- 
pinata Vahl, Enum. Plant, i. 114 (1804). Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1171. 

TetrameriiunaoreiimRose, sp. nov. Two to three feet high, with numerous branches, 
hispid- and short glandular-pubescent : leaves ovate to lanceolate, rounded at 
base, 1 to 2^ inches long, 9 to 12 lines broad, strongly nerved at base : bracts 4 to 
5 lines long, oblong to spatnlate-oblong, obtuse; bracteoles 2, linear-oblong, 
obtuse, 3 to 4 lines long, 1-nerved : calyx deeply 5-parted with slender lobes 2 
lines long: corolla yellow, 1 inch long; tube slender, 3 to 4 lines long; lobes 4: 
stamens 2; anthers 2-celled, parallel : ovary glabrous, 3 lines long, 2-celled; cells 
2-8eeded. — Common in shady woods. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1302. 
The bracteoles are like those of DicHpteray but the corolla is that of Teiramerium, 

Tetramerium (?) diffusuin Rose, sp. nov. Annual, diffuse, much branched, rooting at 
the nodes : leaves ovate to lanceolate, acute or obtuse : flowers in loose terminal 
spikes: bracts and bractlets 3 to 4 lines long, narrowly oblong: calyx very small, 
deeply cleft into unequal lobes: corolla 2-ilpped; lower lip deeply 3-parted: 
stamens 2, 2-celled ; cells parallel: capsule small, 2 lines long on a very short 
thick stipe: cells 2-seeded, papillose-roughened. — Near the ocean among the 
rocks. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 994. 
The bractlets are those of Dic^tptera, but the corolla does not agree. 

Tetramerium hispidimi Nees in DC. Prod. xi. 468 (1847). Very common along river 
bottoms. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1132. 

Tetramerium tenuissimimi Rose, sp. nov. A foot or so high with many slender 
branches : leaves narrowly-oblong to ovate, obtuse or acute, 1 to 2 inches long : 
spikes short, terminal : bracts ovate, apiculate, 3 to 4 lines long, 3-nerved at base : 
bractlets 2 ; filiform, 2 to 3 lines long, 1 onger than the calyx : calyx 5-parted into 
filiform lobes: corolla white, 4 lines long, 2-lipped, lower lip exterior, deeply 3- 
cleft I upper lip entire : stamens 2, anterior, inserted at the top of the short cQrolla 



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tnl>e : filamonts hairy below ; anther-cells 2, oval, equal, parallel : cax>8a]e paber- 
ulcnt, 2 lines long, i-seeded; placenta separating from the valves: seeds ^ liae 
in diameter, papillose. — A very common plant growing in the shade. Colifflir 
February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1297. 

I have not seen the little known T. oralifoliumy but I judge that my plants 
clearly distinct. Besides this, the former was collected farther soiitb. 
Heniya scorpioides (L.) Nees in DC. Prod. xi. 491 (1847); Jusiicia 9eory%oide9 L. 
Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 21 (1762). Low, of spreading habit, 8 to 12 inches high, inro- 
lucre 3| lines long: corolla white: capsule 2 to 2| lines long: seeds ^ line in 
diameter. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1890. No. 1330a. 

Dr. Palmer sends another plant from near the same 
place, which differH considerably from it in habit. 
Branches very long and slender, rooting at the joints: 
leaves more oval, on very long petioles, beneath glab- 
rate; involucre very pilose, less glandular, the appen- 
diculation stronger. In shade at the edge of a lagoon. 
March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1330. 

Beutham in Botany Sulphur speaks of this genus as 
being a shrub. Our specimens, while the plants are 
probably perennijil, having, a small, indurated root, 
can not bear the dignity of shrubs. 

The restoration of the Henrya of Nees supplants the 

Hernia of Hemsley (Jonrn. Linn. Soc. xxvi. Ill), and 

which that author has recently (Bull. Torr. Club, xix. ^°; »— Tb« cotoU* of Bwir 
. ^^ , "^ na mMMin* split open, abow- 

97) renamed I\€ohenrya. ing the stamens. 

Barleria micans Nees in Benth. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 146(1844). 

One to two feet high : leaves 8 to 10 inches long, narrowly oblong to oblong- 
lanceolate. A very showy plant. Growing in shade. Coliraa, January 9 to F^eb- 
ruary6, 1891. No. 1144. 

Dr. Palmer's notes state that the flowers are sulphur-yellow, but this must be 
a mistake; in the herbarium specimens they area dark violet. 

In this species only the 2 anterior stamens are developed, but there are 3 small 
scaly hairy staminodia at the base of the corolla. 

VERBENACE2: 

Lantana camara L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 874 (1763,. Found only in poor condition. 

Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1059. 
The drupes are called *' Moro, '* and are sometimes oaten. 
Lantana involucrata L. Amcen. Acad. iv. 319 (1759). Common along river banks. 

Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1303. 
Iiippia sp. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1199. 
Bouchea dissecta Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 68 (1889). Agiabampo, October 

: to 15, 1890. Letter B. 
Priva echinata Juss. Ann. Mus. Par. vii. 69 (1806). A few specimens obtained 

from the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1007, and also 

No. 1093, which is infested by peculiar gall-insects. 
Verbena polystachya H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. li. 274 (1817). Very conunon on 

grassy plains. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1156. 
Citharezylum sp. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1326. 

LABLA.T2:. 

Hyptiscapitata Jacq. Coll. i. 102 (1786). Along river bottoms. Coltma, January 

9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1174. 
Pyptls stellulata Benth. Lab. Gen. et Spec. 129 (1833). Three to five feet high. 

Along the river bottom. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1203. 



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Syptia pectinata (L.) Poit. Ann. Mus. Par. vii. 474, t. 30 (1806); Xepela pectinata 

L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 799 (1763). Fouud at the base of the mountains. Mau- 

zanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. N(». 993. 
Hyptia polystachya H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. ii. 321 (1817). Colima, January 

9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1134. 
Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. Ann. Mus. Par. vii. 472, t. 29, f. 2 (1806); Balloia 

auaveoJenB L. Syst. ed. 10. ii. 1100 (1759). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 

No. 913. 

The seed is called ^'Chnna" at Colima and Manzanillo, but elsewhere it is 

known as *' Chia granda." The '*Chia" proper is the fruit of a Salvia. This 

species is collected in considerable quantities and sold in the markets under the 

above names. With sweetened water it makes a cool, refreshing drink, much 

used by the sick. The roots are also gathered and used medicinally. 
Dracocephalum moldavica L. Sp. PI. ii. 595 (1753). Flowers white. Colima, 

January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1225. 

This is a medical plant much used by the Mexicans and sold in the market at 

Colima. It is probably cultivated in the gardens, but it was not seen by Dr. 

Palmer in any of his excursions. 

The specimen from southern Mexico, doubtfully referred by Mr. Hemsley to 

D. parviflonnUf could hardly be confused with ^his species. 

mrCTAGINACEJB. 

Boerhavia erecta L. 8p. PI. i. 3 (1753). Common plunt growing in sand along 
the beach and margins of the lagoons. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 
907. 

Boerhavia erecta L. form (f). Stems purplish: "flowers white;" stamens 3. On 
sandy plains. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 758. 

Boldoa lanceolata Lag. Gen. ot Spec. Nov. 10 (1816). Colima, January 9 to Febru- 
ary 6, 1891. No. 1204. 

Plaonia aculeata* L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 1511 (1763). Colima, January 9 to Febru- 
ary 6, 1891. Nos. 1114 and 1115. 

Mr. Watson says of it in a letter dated October 23, 1891. *'That must be Pwo- 
nia aculeata. We have st>en the same thing essentially from the West Indies 
' and Brazil, and the variety hirsuHsBima is described as having the cymes corym- 
bose-capitate." 

CryptocarpuB globosus H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. ii. 187, t. 123 (1817). Bushy 
plant, 4 feet high: largest leaves 12 inches long, including the long petioles : 
flowers dull white, perianth pubescent, with granular and hooked hairs: sta- 
mens 3: style lateral. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 950. 

I have not seen specimens of C. fflohosus. My specimens difter from the descrip- 
tion of that species in having only 3 stamens and much larger leaves. 



* Pisonia aculeata L. Guaymas, April 1 and 2, 1891. No. 175a. Specimens of 
this plant are again collected by Dr. Palmer. The following note was sent me by 
the late Dr. Watson : 

'* Crypiocarpua (1) mpHaUiB Watson [Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 71 (1889)]. Fresh 
bpcciniens of this doubtfully named species, collected by Dr. Palmer at Guaymae, 
show it to be a form of the widely-distributed and very variable Pimnia aculeata. 
It does not diff'er essentially from the var. UirsatiBsima Schmidt. Fl. Bras. xiv. 354^ 
distinguished by its blunt obovate leaves and dense, short-hirsute pubescence. The 
want of spines (they are few on these specimens also), the unusual form of the leaves, 
and the presence of only staminate flowers served to effectually disguise Dr. Pal- 
mer's original specimens."— 8. W. 

614— No, 9 5 



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AMARANTACRB. 

Celosia ( f ) monosperma Rose, sp. iiov. Shmb, 8 to 16 feet high, glabroas: leaves 
lanceolate 3 to 6 inches long, ncute or shortly acuminate, cuneate at base; pan- 
icles terminal large, often 1 foot long, slightly pnbescent: bracts and bractlets 
ovate, acute, A line long : segments of the i>erianth oblong, 1 line long, acute : sta-- 
menH5, united at base into a shallow membranaceooscnp; anthers 2-celled ; inter- 
mediat^j appendages none: styles none: stigmas 2, reflexed, acute: ntricle stipi- 
tatc, ovoid, compressed, circumsci^sile, shorter than the perianth: ovule 1, sus- 
pended from an elongnted funiculus: seed pendulous, lenticular, shining; aril 
none. — Very common on the mountain.*- near Manzanillo, December 1 to 31. 1891. 
No. 887. 

The following note has been sent me by Dr. Hans Schinz in regard to this 
8i>ecies : 

'' 1 have to thank you very much for having sent me the very interesting 
Amaraniacecp. No doubt your Celoaia monosperma is a very interesting and puz- 
zling plant, but I also take it for a Cehsia. Unfortunately, most of the flowers 
are destroyed by a little beetle, so that I could not make out for sure if the 
anthers are 2-celled or 1-celled, but as you say in your description that they are 
2-cellcd it can not be anything else than a Celoaia, The Velotia monosperma does 
not stand alone, for the different species that were formerly united nuder the 
name Lagrezla generally have but one or Iwo seeds.'' 

Celoaia moqulni Gnillem. in DC. Proil. xiii. pt. 2. 239 (1849). An upright plant, 4 
to 8 feet high: utricle circumscissile: ovules 2. Along fences in river bottoms. 
Colima, January 9 to Febniary 6, 1891. No. 1208. 

This plant is referred as above, although I have not seen other specimens of 
the species. 

Very little is known of this species. It was probably collectcil by Bonpland, 
and is No. 3r>4 of Ghiesbreght. The localities from which these collectors obtained 
the j»lant is not known. Perhaps Ghiesbreght obtained his specimens from 
near this locality. He seems to have visited Colima, although I find very few 
species of this region credited to him. A type specimen is said to be in Herb. 
Mus. Paris. 

Moquin was uncertain whether the utricle was circnmscissile or not. My 
specimens, while not quite mature, clearly show that the utricle is circumsciasile. 

Chamissoa altiaaima (Jacq. ) H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. ii. 197, 1. 125 (1817) ; Arkyr- 
anthes altissima Jacij. Euum. PI. Carib. 17 (1760). Common along the b:iseof the 
mountains and near the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1023. 

Amarantus sp. Sepals 5: stamens 5: stigmas 3. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 
1890. No. 1000. 

This seems to be a common species, but it does not agree with any represented 
in the National Herbarium. 

Acnida cannabina L. 8p. PI. ii. 1027 (1753). Stems 2 feet high. Grows along 
the edge of the lagoon. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1399. 

Only the stamiuate form of this species was obtained and it can not be defi- 
nitely referred here. So fiir as 1 can learn, neither this species nor any other 
Acnida has been reported from Mexico. 

Achyranthes aspera L. Sp. PI. i. 204 (1753). Common along the base of the 
mountain and about the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1032. 

Telanthera gracilis (?) Mo(|. in DC. Prod. xiii. pt. 2. 375 (1849). Shrubby, 5 to 8 
feet high : leaves lanceolate, long-acuminate, tapering at base into a short petiole, 
glabrous or nearly so, 3 to 7 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide: inflorescence irreg- 
ularly trichotomously branched or in umbellate clusters of 3 to 5 raya: heads 
small, white, either on shoi-t pedicels or in glomerate clusters: calyx 5-parted, 
2^ lines long, nerveless, long-pilose on the back; stigmas capitate. Common in 
the mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 886, 



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1 have referred my plant as above without having seen any si>ecimen8 of that 
sx>ecie8. It differs from the description in some slight details and it has not 
been collected so far north before. 

The foliage is rather coarse, bnt Dr. Palmer writes that the white flowers are 
very attractive and he thinks it would be a good plant for ornamental cultiva- 
tion. 
Oomphrena decipiens Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xzi. 437 (1886). In bottom lands. 
Oomphrena decumbens Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. t. 482 (1804). Manzanillo, December 

1 to 31, 1890. No. 911. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 793. 
JE^OBlichia sp. Leaves oblong to oval, 1 to 2 inches long, obtuse or acutish : fruiting 
calyx flattened, 2-wiuged. Colinia, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1133. 

This species belongs to the section coutaining F, tomentona and F. alata, and is 
very near the latter, but the leaves are somewhat diflerent. 
Ireaine interrupta Benth. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 156 (1844). Large leaves ovate, 6 to 8 
inches 4ong, including the petiole ; flowers pistillate, Manzanillo, December 1 
to 31, 1890. No. 1074. 

Other specimens, with similar leaves, but with smaller heads, were collected, 
which are provisionally referred here. No. 932. The staminate plant was found 
very common about Colima, along streams. January 9 to February 6, 1891 
No. 1211. 
To this species, apparently, should have been referred Palmer's No. 389, from 
' Alamos. ' 
Ireaine celoaioides L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 1456 (1763). Common along river bottoms. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1206. 

PHTTOLACCACEiS. 

RiTina humilis L. Sp. PI. i. 121(1753). The typical form. Agiabampo, Octobers 

to 15, 1890. No. 782. Also the i)ube8cent form. About ManzaniUo, December 1 

to 31, 1890. No. 1034. 
I find no character except the pubescence to distinguish these specimens, and 

it appears very doubtful whether there should be two species recognized, ad 

some botanists hold. 
Petiveria alliacea L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 486 (1762). Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 

1890. No. 942. 
Stegnosperma halimifolla Benth. Bot. Voy. Sulph. 17, t. 12 (1844). Armeria, 

February 15, 1891. No. 1280. 

POLTOONACXLSI. 

Coccoloba sp. A small tree, 30 feet high, with large top: leaves coriaceous, oblong 
to broadly obovate, 4 to 6 inches long, 2^ to 3^ inches broad, rounded at apex, 
oblique and more or less tapering at base, glabrous on both sides, with veins 
rather prominent beneath ; petioles 6 to 9 lines long; sheaths 3 to 4 lines long, 
truncate, glabrous, very tardily deciduous: spikes single, 6 to 10 inches long: 
perianth 5-parted : stamens 8 : fruit sessile, solitary in the axils of the bracts, 
somewhat fleshy when mature, ovate, 4 to 5 lines long. Manzanillo, March 2 to 
18, 1891. Letter G. 

Collected in flower by Marcus £. Jones at Manzanillo, June 25, 1891. No. 5. 
This seems to be an unnamed species. 

Coocoloba sp. Difliise shrub, 5 to 8 feet high, glabrous or the younger parts puberu- 
lent: leaves thinnish, oblong, 3 to 4 inches long, rounded at apex, oblique at 
base, reticulated and puberulent: petiole 2 to 3 lines long: sheath 2-lobedy 
pnberulent: racemes slender, single or somewhat branching, 4 to 8 inches 
long: pedicels 1 to 2 lines long: fruits small, ''red". Rare, 0|i t^e mooAi 
tain sides. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 965, 



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354 

These two species are very similar, but the former may be distinguished from 
the hitter by its larger, thicker, glabrous leaves and sesnile fruit. 
Antigonon flavescenB Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxii. 446.(1887). A very com- 
mon climber found running over bushes and trees in various parts of the 
mountains. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 980. 

ARISTOLOCHIACE2I. 

AriBtolochia pardina Duch. Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 4. ii. 47 (1854). A high-climb- 
ing shrub ; the woody base i inch in diameter, the bark corky ; the herbaceous 
branches glabrous or a little glaucous (except the margins, petioles, and axils of 
young leaves, these pubescent) : leaves orbicular to broadly ovate with broad 
cleft, open or closed sinus, 5-ncrved, somewhat reticulated, obtuse or retuso* 
flowers solitary, axillary, on slender peduncles 1^ to 3i inches long: calyx *'old 
gold, spotted with brown, ^' oval, 4 to 5 lines in diameter; tube 9 lines long* 
obtuse or acntish; stamens 6; capsule many-seeded, oblong, 15 to 20 lines long: 
seeds 3 lines long. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1247. 

Very common in shade on hillside and river bottoms, climbing over bushes, 
trees, and fences. 

The leaves are not as large as described by Duchartre. 

I have not seen specimens of this species, but it has been collected about 
Colima by Ghiesbreght and Duges. The species is only known from this local- 
ity. Mr. Hemsley thinks that this is the Guaco mexieana Liebm. 

PIFERACE2S. 

Piper palmeri C. DC. sp. nov. ; foliis modice petiolatis ovato-lanoeolatis basi 
iasequali latere longiore rotundatis breviore subacutis apice acute acuminatis 
utrinque et subtus densius velutiuo-pubescentibus baud soabris, nervo central! 
norvos adscendentes alternos utrinque 5 mittente. petiolo dense pubescente, 
basi vaginante, pedunculo petiolum asquante dense retrorsum pubescente, amento 
limbi dimidium superanto in sicco flavescente, rhachi inter bacc^is fimbrio- 
lata, bractea) pelta triangulari margine in sicco flavida hirsutapedicelloangusto 
hirsuto, bacca obpyramidato-trigona vertice camosa puberulaque. lo Coliaia 
ubi Natico dictum, Januario florens (Palmer n. 1227). FrutexG ped. altua ramulis 
retrorsum pubescentibus amentiferis 2 mm. crassis in sicco virescentibus, ramis 
glabris ligno duro. Limbi in sicco membranacei pallidi virescentes subopaci 
baud crebre pellucido-punctnlati, ad 15 cm. longi ad. 5^ cm. lati. Petioli ad 1 
cm. longi. Amenta apice obtasa, baccifera in sicco ad 4 mm. crassa. Stamina 
4 antheris subglobosis parvis caducis. Bacca circiter 1 mm. longa. Stigmata 
3 sessilia brevia. 

Species Piper paeudo-fuliginei C. DC. (in Linnica) proxima, limbis hand snbobo- 
vatis nervornm numero minore amentisque hand apice mucronulatis ab eo sat 
discrepans. 

Yar. manzanilloaniun C. DC. var. nov. ; ramulis pubescentibus limbis tenuiori- 
bus amentis in sicco hand aut minus flavescentibus baccisque paulo minoribus 
a specie vix distinctum. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1045. 

Piper unguiculatum lopgifolium C* PC, var. nov. ; limbis ad 10^ cm. longis baccis 
densius et longi us hirtellis, 
In Colima, ubi commune. Palmer n. 1120, 

Piper umbellatum L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. i. 43 (1762). Colima, January 9 to February 
6,1891. No. 1226. 

Piper tuberoulatum Jacq. lo. Par. ii. 2, t. 211 (1786-'93). Colima, January 9 to 
February 6, 1891. No. 1213. 

piper realejoanum CDC. Linna;a, xxxvii. 345 (1871-'73), Manzanillo, March 2 to 
18,1891. Nos. 1374 and 1332. 



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355 

LAURACE2. 

SasBafridium maorophyllum Ro»e, sp. nov. A diffase shrnb with numerous stems, 
15 feet high: leaves alternate, oblong, 6 to 10 inches long, 1 to 3 inches broad, 
cuneate at base, acuminate, '* emerald-green,'' shining, strongly veined beneath; 
petioles 3 to G lines long: panicles axillary and terminal, 4 to 8 inches long, 
inclnding the peduncle; pedicels 3 to 5 lines long: flowers white, sweet-scented, 
5 to 6 lines in diameter: calyx 6-parted, the outer considerably larger: perfect 
stamens 9, 4-celled, 4-valved, sessile; the three inner with a pair of glands at 
base; staminodia 3, capitate. — Very abundant in the wet bottom of a small 
creek on the opposite side of the bay from Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. 
No. 1033. 

The only described species is S. veraguense from Nicaragua, although there are 
said to be 2 undescribed species from South America. My species differs from 
the above in baving nearly all the parts much larger, especially the leaves; the 
latter are also acuminate, with stronger lateral veins, but the veinlets are not so 
strongly or regularly reticulated. 

Meissner, in the original description of the genus (DC. Prod. xv. 171), as well 
as Benth. and Hook. (Gen. Plant, iii. 160), states that the berry is unknown. 
Charles Wright, however, collected mature fruit in Nicaragua as long ago as 
1853-'56. The berry is oblong, glabrous, 6 to 8 lines long. By some mistake 
these specimens of Wright's were distributed under the name *' Daphnidium 
veragiiense Meissu." 

Here I am inclined to refer J. N. Rovirosa's Nos. 35 and 15, although they have 
somewhat smaller leaves, and the No. 35 is said to be a tree 8 to 10 meters high. 
Rovirosa's specimens are from Tabasco and were collected November 6 and 20, 
1887, respectively. 

LORANTHACE2. 

lK>ranthas sp. A common plant parasitic on BumeHa. Colima. January 9 to Feb- 
ruary 6, 1891. No. 1124. 
Phoradendron sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 982. 

EUPHORBIACEiB. 

Pedilanthus sp. Leaves oblong, small, 6 lines long, glabrous: peduncle glabrous: 
involucre glabrous, crimson, 6 lines long: upper lip small, 2-lobed; spur or 
appendage slender, 6 lines long: glands 2: glands and pedicels of male flowers 
glabrous: capsule 1 inch broad, crimson. Abundant in certain places in the 
rich bottoms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 802. 

This species soems near the specimens obtained by Dr. Palmer at Los Angeles 
Bay in 1887 and referred to P. macrocarpa by Mr. Watson. It seems very dis- 
tinct, however, from that species. 

Pedilanthus sp. Shrub, 2 to 3 feet high, glabrous : leaves thick and " leathery" 
glabrous, oblong to obovate, 3 to 5 inches long, peduncle pubescent: involucre 
very oblique, puberulent along the margins; 6 lines long: upper lip small, 
2-lobed: perianth of 3 squamelhe: spur or appendage very short and obtuse: 
glands 3 or 4: stamens numerous; pedicels and filament glabrous. Colima, 
February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 1328. 

Euphorbia californica Benth. Bot. Voy. Snlph. 49, t. 23B (1844). A tree-like 
shrub with trunk 6 feet high and with a very large top. Agiabampo, October 
3 to 15, 1890. No. 756. 

As first suggested by Mr. Watson, this species seems to include E. hindsiana, 
and with it also I am inclined to place the more recent species E, oomonduana 
MiUsp. 



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356 

As the species is now constmed its range extends in Mexico along the 
from Gnaymas to Agiabampo and on both sides of the peninsula of Lower Cali- 
fornia as far north as Comondu. The bibliography of this species is as follows: 
Boissierin DC. Prod. xv. pt. 2. 68; Watson, Proo. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 76; Zo5, 
i. 348; Brandg.Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii.170. 

E. kindHana Benth. Bot. Sulph. 51, t. 24; Boissier in DC. Prod, xv.pt. % 
68; Millsp. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 229; Zoe, i. 348. 

E. comonduana. Millsp. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. ii. 229; Contr. Nat. Herb, 
i. 77; Brandg. Proc. Cal. Acad. ser. 2. iii. 170. 

Euphorbia capitellata laxiflora Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxiv. 74 (1889). In 
shade along a creek bottom. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 762. 

Euphorbia (Cyttarospermum) colimae Rose, sp. nov. Slender, weak annnaln, I to 2 
feet high, villose or glabrate : leaves alternate below, opposite above, ovate to 
lanceolate, slightly narrowed at base, acute, bract- like above; bracts small, with 
white or whitish margins: involucre about 1 line long: glands 5 with an entire 
petaloiO, white appendage ; lobes broad, obtuse, with a pectinate margin: styles 
2-parted : capsule, glabrous : seeds with smaller pits, pectinate-margined. — In 
gardens and fields, growing in shade. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1170. 

Euphorbia pUulifera L. Sp. PI. i. 454 (1753). 
Common between the mountains and 
beach. Mauzanillo, December 1 to 31, 
1891. No. 938. 

Buphorbia (Cyttaroapermuin) aonoras 
Rose, sp. nov. Annual, slender, erect, 
glabrous, 1 to 3 feet high: leaves ob- 
long, 1^ inches long or less, rounded at 
base, obtuse or acutish, tipped with a Ic 
ture, slightly pubescent and ciliate on th( 
petiole longer than the blade, 1 to 2 inch 
(eons, deciduous; involucre solitary, vei 
glands (1 smaller) 5, with an appendage 
styles 3, entire; carpels slightly villose: 
face; pits with glandular tubercles abou 

the center. — In the dense shade of bush „ — o— 

banipo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 760. 

Euphorbia thymifolia L. Sp. PI. 1. 454 (1753). Common in level places between 

the mountains and the beach. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 939. 

This species, although of wide distribution, is scarce in our herbarium. 

Euphorbia sp. In shade along a creek bottom. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. 
No. 761. 

Euphorbia sp. Plains and river banks. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. 
No. 1191. 

Euphorbia sp. Along river bottoms. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No 
924. 

Euphorbia sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 943. 

Euphorbia sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 899. 

Euphorbia sp. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 1351. 

Euphorbia sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1038. 

Phyllanthus polygonoides Nutt. in Spreng. Syst. Veg. iii. 23 (1825). In rich bot- 
toms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No; 767. 

Phyllanthus niruri L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. ii. 1392 (1763). Very common about the lagoon 
in moist places. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 925. 



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Jatropha cordata Mnell. Arg. in DC. Prod. xv. pt. 2. 1078 (1866). AgiabampO, 
October 3 to 15, 1890. Letter A. Only collected in flower at this place. It 
was obtained in fniit at Alamos (No. 667), but not reported upon in that list. 

Jatropha (Adenoropinin) purpurea Rose, sp. nov. A bush with several stems, monoe- 
cious, glabrous throughout : leaves small, 1 to 2 inches long, 3-lobed, more or less 
toothed and often bearing short glandular setu;, truncate at base: petiole about 
the length of the blade: stipules (and bracts.) lacerate, cut into glandular sota^i 
inflorescence a small corymb: male flowers with calyx deeply 5- parted; lobed 
oblong, obtuse, 2 lines long; 2 sepals nearly entire, the other 3 glandular-setose ; 
petals 5, oblong, 4 lines long, obtuse, brown or ** cherry color,'' fVee ot slightly 
cohering near the base, glabrous; glands 5; stamens 11, connate to the antherd) 
glabrous: femnle flowers with calyx and petols similar to male flowers; ovary 
glabrous; styles 3, thickened and 2-lobed; capsule about 6 lines in diameter, 
glabrous. — Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 785. 

Croton ciliato-glanduliferus Ortega, Hort. Matr. 51 (1797-1800). Very couimon in 
rich bottoms. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 798. 

Croton sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 888. 

Croton sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. Nos. 977 and 968. 

Croton sp. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1058. 

Argithamnia manzanilloana Rose, sp. nov. Monwcious; branches slender, angled: 
leaves lanceolate, entire or slightly toothed, 2 inches long or less, pubescent on 
both sides, strongly nerved beneath, 2 inches or less long : flowers in small glom- 
erules in the axils of the leaves; pistillate flowers, mostly 1; sepals 5, linear, 
acute, a little longer than the fruiting capsule ; petals persistent, shorter than 
the sepals: seed reticulate-nerved: staminate flowers with calyx and corolla 
similar to pistillate flowers; stamens 10, ifi 2 series, the inner 5 longer. — Under 
shade of bushes along the lagoon. Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1073. 
This species resembles A.palmeri, but has stronger-veined leaves, smaller calyx 
and carpels, and very diflferont seeds. 

Manihot angustiloba (Torr.) Muell. Arg. in DC. Prod. xv. pt. 2. 1073 (1866); 
Janipha manihot angustiloba Torr. Mex. Bound. Surv. 199 (1859). Manzanillo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1027a. 

Acalypha coryloidea Rose, sp. nov. Shrub, 4 to 6 feet high, with grayish bark; 
young branches puberulent: leaves alternate, oblong, acute, 5-nerved at base, 
serrate, 3 to 4 inches long; petioles short, 3 to 4 Hues long: staminate flowers 
in axillary catkins (3 to 6 lines long), 2 to 3 in the axil of each bract; subtending 
bract ovsLt^f rounded at apex, hairy on the margin, scaly; lateral bracts 2, seta- 
ceous; pedicels short, but distinct; sepals 4; stamens 8: anthers 2-cel led; cells 
distinct and reflexed ; pistillate flowers solitary or in pairs in the axils of young 
leaves: pedicel (peduncle) slender, 6 to 12 lines long, 1- to 2-bracteate near the 
center; sepals 5; ovary 3-lobed, 3-celled, 3-8eede«l, muricate; styles lacerate. — 
Manzanillo, December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 1368. December 30, 1891. No. 1811. 
Tliis is a very peculiar Avalypha. It diff'ers from all other species which £ 
have seen in its staminal spikes being aments or catkins. They appear as scaly 
buds and seem to have been formed at the close of the last growing season. The 
flowers seem to develop just before the leaves appear. The position of this spe- 
cies in the genus is doubtful; it is perhaps near J. longipes, which has similar 
pedicels and ovaries in the female flowers, but the latter has the flowers arranged 
In panicles. 
The plant has much the habit of the hazelnut, and hence the specific name. 
The followhig note is taken from F. Pax's letter of December 28, 1892 : 
"Indeed, it is a very peculiar plant, not allied with any other species of 
Joalypha, There is no doubt that the plant shows the greatest affinity with 
the genus Acalypha: the flowers are identical with those of Acalypha^ but the 
inflorescence is very unlike. I do not know any other species of Acalypha 



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358 

which has any affinity with your new plant, and I think it is best to plaee 
it iu a new subgenuB." 

Acalypha microphylla Klotzsch in Seem. Bot. Voy. Herald, 278 (1856). Commoo 
along the base of the mountain, and about the lagoon. Manzanillo, Decen- 
ber 1 to 31, 1890. No. 935. Also collected from a garden at Colima, Jaaaaiy 
9 to February 6, 1891. No. 12.51. 

This same species was collected at Mazatlan in 1888 and was referred as aboTe 
by Di-. B. L. Robinson. 

Acalypha papillosa Rose, sp. no v. Diffuse shrub, 5 to 6 feet high, moncecious : leaves 
ovate, long acuminate, rounded or slightly cordate at base, sharply dent«te, 3- 
to5-nerved, pubescent when young, becoming glabrate in age; blade 2 toi 
inches long, 1 to 2 inches broad; petiole 6 to 10 lines long; stipules setaceooA, 
early deciduous: fertile spikes terminal, few-flowered; bract cup^shaped, 7- 
toothed, 1-flowered: calyx lobesi: styles long, purple, each with 8 to lObranchee: 
capsules hispid, papillose roughened: sterile spikes axillary, dense; calyx-lobes 
4. — Along creeks. Agiabampo, October 3 to 15, 1890. No. 778. 
Probably nearest the recent species A.flavescens Watson. 
. Acalypha subvlscida Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. xxi. 440 (1886). Manzamllo, 
December 1 to 31, 1890. No. 941. 

XTRTICACEiB. 

Ficus fascictilata Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad, xxi v. 78 (1889). A tree, 30 feet high, 
bearing a widely spreading top ; trunk 2 feet in diameter : leaves often 5 inches 
long on petioles 1 inch long. Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1119. 
This seems to be the same as Mr. Watson's species although the leaves are 
considerably larger. Mr. Watson afterwards thought that hie species was pos- 
sibly referable to F, sapida. 

This wild fig is called "Camichin." The fruit, which is small, is sweet and 
juicy, and is much used by the people of this region. 

Ficus sp. Tree, 20 feet high with trunk 1 foot in diameter, and bearing a widely 
spreading top ; branchlets pubescent, especially on the stipular lines : leaves 
oblong, 3 to 5 inches lont;, 2 to 2^ inches broad (on petioles 9 to 20 lines long) 
obtuse, rounded at base, plnnately veined: fruit sessile, in pairs, small, 3 lines in 
diameter: involucre 3- to 4-lobed; lobes obtuse, puberulent. At the base of the 
mountains growing among the rocks. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No. 
1387. Pringle's No. 3887 (1891), from Barranca, near Guadalajara, is the same 
plant. It was distributed as F. iecohilcimSf from which it differs in its smaller, 
sessile fruit, 3- to 4-lobed involucre, pubescent stems, eto. It is, perhaps, a new 
species. 

Ficus sp. Small shrub, 6 feet high: leaves 4 to 6 inches long, acuminato, cnneate 
at base, somewhat pubescent beneath. Colima, February 27 and 28, 1891. No. 
1324. 

Ficus sp. Leaves oblong, 10 inches long on petioles 2 inches long. Colima, 
January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1188. 

SALICACE2S. 

Salix taxifoUa H. B. K. Nov. Gen. et Spec. ii. 22 (1817) ; Anders in DC. Prod, xvi 
pt. 2. 215; S, microphiiHa Cham. & Schlect. Linnaea, vi. 354; Hook & Am. Bot 
Beech. Voy. 31 1, t. 70, fide M. S. Bebb. Shrub, 4 feet high. Along a river bank. 
Colima, January 9 to February 6, 1891. No. 1193. 

ORCHIDACE2. 

Epidendmm (Barkeria) palmerl Rolfe, Kew Bull. 1893, 6 (1893); psendobulbi* 
fusiformibus di-triphyllis, foliis linearibus v. lineari-lanceolatis acutis, pedon- 



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cnlis terminalibas, racemla simplex v. interdnm ramosiB mnltifloris, bracteis 
lanceolatis acuminatis, pediceliis gracilibus, sepalls linear! -lanceolatis acu- 
minatis, petalis lanceolatis acntis, labello suborbiculari-elliptico obtnso iiregn- 
lariter crenulato, carinis 3 approximatis parallelibos creuulato-papillosis, 
nervis lateralibas basi elevatis crenulato-papillosis, columna brevi clinandrio 
late alato. 

Hab. Colima; January-February, 1891, n. 1201! 

Pseudobulbi 1-3 poll, longi. Folia li-2| poll, louga. Pedunculi i-1 ped. 
longi. Bracte^e 1^3 lin. longte. Pedicelii 5-8 lin. longi. Sepala 7 liii. longa, 
1^ lin. lata. Petala 7 lin. longa, 2 lin. lata. Labellum 7 lin. longum, 5^ lin. 
latum. Columna 1 lin. longa. 

A very distinct Epidendrum, belonging to the section Barkeriay readily dis- 
tinguished from every other by its narrow leaves, small bracts, and smaller 
flowers, which are densely arranged on the raceme, and appear to be light-rosy 
purple in color. A dried specimen collected by Dr. Edward Palmer, at Colima, 
in Mexico, was sent for determination by Mr. J. N. Rose, assistant botanist, 
Department of Agriculture, Washington, U. S. A., in November. 1892. 

The above description and note are taken from Kew Bulletin of Miscellane- 
ous Information, for January, 1893, p. 6. 

BROMELIACE2S. 

Hechtia sp. Along the ocean just above high tide and extending back to i\\v> base 

of the mountains. Manzanillo, March 2 to 18, 1891. No.