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Full text of "Copies of the wills of General George Washington : the first president of the United States and of Martha Washington, his wife"



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GEORGE WASHINGTON 



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COPIES OF THE WILLS OF 



General George Washington 

THE FIRST PRESIDENT 
OF THE UNITED STATES 



AND OF 

Martha Washington 

HIS WIFE 

AND OTHER INTERESTING 
RECORDS OF THE COUNTY OF 
FAIRFAX, VIRGINIA 

WHEREIN THEY LIVED AND DIED 
SECOND EDITION 



A copy of this book may be had on application to Clerk 
of Court, Fairfax, Virginia, accompanied by one dollar. 



Copyrighted January, 1904, by E. Richardson Holbrook 



NATIONAL CAPIIAL PRESS. INC., WASHINGTON, D. C. 



Preface to First Edition 



Fairfax County, in Virginia, was organized in 1742 and the records 
of this County contain some very interesting as well as instructive 
facts. It is not the purpose of the designer of this little book to 
dwell too much in detail, but otherwise with his knowledge of the 
records of the County to give the articles herein in as few words as 
possible, and he will endeavor to use the quaint expressions and 
spelling verbatim et literatim. This book will have few illustrations, 
as it is the designer's object to try and put it on the market with as 
little cc-st as possible, so that all may have an opportunity to possess 
this important little bit of history. It is also needless to dwell on 
the character and ability of that great Chieftain and our fellow 
"Man," who has been eulogized by some of the greatest men. The 
reader is requested to turn to page 56 and read "The Passing Away 
of Washington," written by Capt. W. H. Snowden, of Arcturus, Va. 
(who has, by the way, published some very interesting books on 
Virginia and Maryland, and I here refer all readers of history to his 
books which can be procured from him at little cost). Apart from 
the fact that Washington was our first President and Commander 
of our "Victorious Soldiers" in our sore trials; his will teaches us 
wisdom and kindness to our fellow-man; it also teaches us to love 
and honor our country and never to hesitate to say a word in its 
behalf. The social and political problems we are now face to face 
with were also worries of this great man. 

E. RICHARDSON HOLBROOK. 

Fairfax, Va., Jan. 15, 1904. 



Preface to Second Edition 



The first edition of this book appeared in 1904 and has been long 
since exhausted. The increasing demand for copies of the will of 
Washington from the public at large, and particularly from tourists 
who visit Fairfax to see the original document, which is in his hand- 
writing, has prompted the designer to issue this second edition, the 
entire proceeds of which have been donated to the fund being raised 
by the Fairfax School League to build and equip a much needed 
public school at Fairfax. The "schedule" and "notes" are exact 
copies of the originals, which are likewise in General Washington's 
handwriting and recorded with his will. The only new feature of 
this edition is the copy of the will of Martha Washington, which it 
seems entirely appropriate to publish along with that of her dis- 
tinguished husband. 

E. RICHARDSON HOLBROOK. 

Fairfax, Va., April 20, 1923. 




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Copy of Washington's Will 




In the name of God, Amen 

George Washington of Mount Vernon — 
a citizen of the United States, — and lately 
President of the same, do make, ordain and 
declare this instrument, which is written 
with my own hand, and every page thereof 
subscribed with my name, to be my last 
Will & Testament, revoking all others. 

Imprimus. All my debts, of which there are 
but few, and none of magnitude, are to be punctually 
and speedily paid — and the legacies hereinafter be- 
queathed, are to be discharged as soon as circumstances 
will permit, and in the manner directed. 
Item — To my dearly beloved wife Martha Washington, 
I give and bequeath the use, profit and benefit of my 
whole Estate, real and personal, for the term of her 
natural life; — except such parts thereof as are specifically 
disposed of hereafter: — My improved lot in the Town 
of Alexandria, situated on Pitt and cameron Streets, I 
give to her & her heirs forever; as I also do my house- 
hold and kitchen furniture of every sort and kind, with 
the liquors and groceries which may be on hand at the 
time of my decease; to be used and disposed of as she 
may think proper. 

Item — Upon the decease of my wife, it is my will and 
desire that all the slaves which I hold in my own right, 
shall receive their freedom. — To emancipate them 
during her life, would, tho earnestly wished by me, be 



10 copy of Washington's will 

attended with such insuperable difficulties on account 
of their intermixture by marriages with the Dower 
negroes, as to excite the most painful sensations, if not 
disagreeable consequences from the latter, while both 
descriptions are in the occupancy of the same proprietor, 
it not being in my power, under the tenue by which the 
dower Negroes are held, to manumit them. — And 
whereas among those who will receive freedom accord- 
ing to this devise, there may be some, who from old 
age or bodily infirmities and others who on account of 
their infancy, that will be unable to support themselves, 
it is my will and desire that all who come under the 
first and second description, shall be comfortably 
clothed and fed by my heirs, while they live; — and that 
such of the latter description as have no parents living, 
or if living are unable, or unwilling to provide for them, 
shall be bound by the Court until they shall arrive at 
the age of twenty five years; — and in cases where no 
record can be produced whereby their ages can be 
ascertained, the Judgment of the Court upon its own 
view of the subject, shall be adequate and final. 
— The negroes thus bound are (by their masters or 
mistresses) to be taught to read and write; and to be 
brought 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

up to some useful occupation, agreeably to the laws 
of the Commonwealth of Virginia, providing for the 
support of orphan and other poor children. And I do 
hereby expressly forbid the sale, or transportation out 
of the said Commonwealth, of any Slave I may die 
possessed of, under any pretence whatsoever. — and I 
do moreover most pointedly, and most solemnly 
enjoin it upon Executors hereafter named, or the sur- 



copy of Washington's will 11 

vivors of them, to see that this clause respecting Slaves, 
and every part thereof be religiously fulfilled at the 
Epoch at which it is directed to take place; without 
evasion neglect or delay, after the crops which may 
then be on the ground are harvested, particularly as 
it respects the aged and infirm; — seeing that a regular 
and permanent fund be established for their support so 
long as there are subjects requiring it; — not trusting to 
the uncertain provisions to be made by individuals. — 
And to my mulatto man William (calling himself William 
Lee) I give immediate freedom; or if he should prefer 
it (on account of the accidents which have befallen 
him, and which have rendered him incapable of walking 
or of any active employment) to remain in the situation 
he now is, it shall be optional in him to do so. In 
either case however, I allow him an annuity of thirty 
dollars during his natural life, which shall be indepen- 
dent of the vituals and clothes he has been accustomed 
to receive, if he chuses the last alternative; but in full 
with his freedom if he prefers the first; — and this I 
give him as a testimony of my sense of his attachment 
to me, and for his faithful services during the revolu- 
tionary War. 

Item — To the Trustees (Governors, or by whatsoever 
other name they may be designated) of the Academy in 
the Town of Alexandria, I give and bequeath, in Trust, 
Four thousand dollars, or in other words twenty of the 
shares which I hold in the Bank of Alexandria, towards 
the support of a Free School established at, and an- 
nexed to, the said Academy; for the purpose of educat- 
ing such orphan children, or the children of such other 
poor and indigent persons as are unable to accomplish 
it with their own means; and who, in the judgment of 
the trustees of the said Seminary, are best entitled to 



12 copy of Washington's will 

the benefit of this donation. — The aforesaid twenty 
shares I give and bequeath in perpetuity; — the divi- 
dends only of which are to be drawn for and applied by 
the said Trustees for the 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

time being, for the uses above mentioned; — the stock 
to remain entire and untouched, unless indications of 
a failure of the said Bank should be so apparent, or 
discontinuance thereof should render a removal of this 
fund necessary; — in either of these cases the amount of 
the stock here devised is to be vested in some other 
bank or public institution, whereby the interest may 
with regularity and certainty be drawn, and applied 
as above. — And to prevent misconseption, my meaning 
is, and is hereby declared to be, that these twenty 
shares are in lieu of, and not in addition to, the Thous- 
and pounds given by a missive letter some years ago; 
in consequence whereof an annuity of fifty pounds has 
since been paid towards the support of this institution. 
Item — Whereas by a law of the Commonwealth of 
Virginia, enacted in the year 1785, the Legislature 
thereof was pleased (as an evidence of its approbation 
of the services I had rendered the public during the 
Revolution — and partly, I believe, in consideration of 
my having suggested the vast advantages which the 
community would derive from the extension of its 
Inland navigation, under Legislative patronage) to 
present me with one hundred shares of one hundred 
dollars each, in the incorporated company established 
for the purpose of extending the navigation of James 
River from tide water to the mountains: — And also of 
fifty shares of one hundred pounds sterling each, in the 
corporation of another company, likewise establish for 



copy of Washington's will 13 

the similar purpose of opening the navigation of the 
River Potomac from tide water to Fort Cumberland; 
the acceptance of which, although the offer was highly 
honorable, and grateful to my feelings, was refused, as 
inconsistent with a principle which I had adopted, and 
had never departed from — namely — not to receive 
pecuniary compensation for any services I could render 
my country in its ardous struggle with Great Britain 
for its Rights; and because I had evaded similar propo- 
sitions from other States in the Union; — adding to this 
refusal, however, an intimation, that, if it should be the 
pleasure of the Legislature to permit me to appropriate 
the said shares to public uses, I would receive them on 
those terms with due sensibility; — and this it having 
consented to, in flattering terms, as will appear by a 
subsequent law and sundry resolutions, in the most 
ample and honorable manner, I proceed after this 
recital, for the more correct understanding of the case 
to declare — 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

That as it has always been a source of serious regret 
with me to see the youth of these United States sent to 
foreign countries for the purpose of education, often 
before their minds were formed, or they had imbibed 
any adequate ideas of the happiness of their own; — con- 
tracting, too frequently, not only habits of dissipation 
and extravagence, but principles unfriendly to Repub- 
lican Government and to the true and genuine liberties 
of mankind; which, thereafter are rarely overcome. — 
For these reasons, it has been my ardent wish to see a 
plan devised on a liberal scale which would have a 
tendency to spr'd systematic ideas through all parts of 
this rising Empire, thereby to do away local attach- 



14 copy of Washington's will 

ments and State prejudices, as far as the nature of 
things would, or indeed ought to admit, from our 
national councils.— Looking anxiously forward to the 
accomplishment of so desirabe an object as this is 
(in my estimation) my mind has not been able to con- 
template any plan more likely to effect the measure 
than, the establishment of a University in a central 
part of the United States to which the youths of fortune 
and talents from all parts thereof might be sent for 
the completion of their education in all the branches of 
polite literature;— m arts and sciences— in acquiring 
knowledge in the principles of Politics and good Govern- 
ment;— and (as a matter of infinite importance in my 
judgment) by associating with each other, and forming 
friendships in Juvernile years, be enabled to free them- 
selves in a proper degree from those Local prejudices 
and habitual jealousies which have just been mentioned; 
and which, when carried to excess, are never failing 
sources of disquietude to the Public mind and pregnant 
of mischievous consequences to this Country :— Under 
these impressions, so fully dilated 
Item— I give and bequeath in perpetuity the fifty 
shares which I hold in the Potomac Company (under 
theaforesaid Acts of the Legislature of Virginia) to- 
wards the endowerment of a University to be estab- 
lished within the limits of the District of Columbia, 
under the auspices of the General Government, if that 
Government should incline to extend a fostering 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

hand towards it and until such 

seminary is established, and the funds arising on these 
shares shall be required for its support, my further will 



copy of Washington's will 15 

and desire is that the profit accruing therefrom shall, 
whenever the dividends are made, be laid out in pur- 
chasing stock in the Bank of Columbia, or some other 
Bank, at the discretion of my Executors, or by the 
Treasurer of the United States for the time being under 
the direction of Congress; provided that honorable 
body should patronize the measure, and the dividends 
proceeding from the purchase of such Stock is to be 
vested in more Stock, and so on, until a sum adequate 
to the accomplishment of the object is obtained, of 
which I have not the smallest doubt, before many 
years passes away; even if no aid or encouraged is 
given by Legislative authority, or from any other 
source. 

Item — The hundred shares which I held in the James 
River Company, I have given, and now confirm in per- 
petuity to, and for the use and benefit of Liberty Hall 
Academy, in the County of Rockbridge, in the Com- 
monwealth of Virga. 

Item — I release exonerate and discharge, the estate of 
my deceased brother, Samuel Washington, from the 
payment, of the money which is due to me for the land 
I sold to Philip Pendleton (lying in the County of 
Berkeley) who assigned the same to him the said Samuel; 
who, by agreement was to pay me therefor. — And 
whereas by some contract (the purport of which was 
never communicated to me) between the said Samuel 
and his son Thornton Washington, the latter became 
possessed of the aforesaid land, without any conveyance 
having passed from me, either to the said Pendle- 
ton, the said Samuel, or the said Thornton, and 
without any consideration having been made, by which 
neglect neither the legal or equitable title has been 
alienated; — it rests therefore with me to declare my 



16 copy of Washington's will 

intention concerning the premises — And these are to 
give and bequeath the said land to, whomsoever the 
said Thornton Washington (who is also dead) devised 
the same; or to his heirs forever if he died intestate: — 
Exonerating the estate of the said Thornton, equally 
with that of the said Samuel from payment of the 
purchase money; which, with Interest, agreeably to the 
original contract with the said Pendleton, would 

amount to more than a thousand pounds. And 

whereas two other sons of my said deceased brother 
Samuel — namely, George Steptoe Washington and 
Lawrence Augustine Washington, were by the de- 
cease of 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

those to whose care they were committed, brought 
under my protection, and in conseqe have occasioned 
advances on my part for their education at college, 
and other schools, for their board — clothing — and other 
incidental expenses, to the amount of near five thous- 
and dollars over and above the sums furnished by 
their estate wch sum may be inconvenient for them, 
or their father's Estate to refund. — I do for these 
reasons acquit them, and the said estate, from the 
payment thereof. — My intention being that all accounts 
between them and me, and their father's estate and me 

shall stand balanced. 

Item — The balance due to me from the Estate of 
Bartholomew Dandridge deceased (my wife's brother) 
and which amounted on the first day of October 1795 
to Four hundred and twenty five pounds (as will 
appear by an account rendered by his deceased son 
John Dandridge, who was the acting Exr. of his father's 
will) I release and acquit from the payment thereof. — 



copy of Washington's will 17 

And the negros, then thirty three in number) formerly 
belonging to the said Estate, who were taken in Execu- 
tion — sold — and purchased in on my account in the 

year and ever since have remained in the possession, 

and to the use of Mary, widow of the said Bartholomew 
Dandridge with their increase, it is my will and desire 
shall continue, and be in her possession, without paying 
hire or making compensation for the same for the time 
past or to come, during her natural life; at the expira- 
tion of which, I direct, that all of them who are forty 
years old and upwards, shall receive their freedom; all 
under that age and above sixteen shall serve seven 
years and no longer; — and all under sixteen years shall 
serve until they are twenty five years of age, and then 

be free. And to avoid disputes respecting the 

ages of any of these negros, they are to be taken to the 
Court of the County in which they reside, and the 
judgment thereof, in this relation, shall be final and a 
record thereof made; which may be adduced as evidence 
at any time thereafter, if disputes should arise concern- 
ing the same. And I further direct, that the heirs 

of the said Bartholomew Dandridge shall equally, 
share the benefits arising from the services of the said 
negros according to the tenor of this devise, upon the 
decease of their mother. — 

Item — If Charles Carter who intermarried with my 
neice Betty 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

Lewis is not sufficiently secured in the title to the lots 
he had of me in the town of Fredericksburg, it is my 
will and desire that my Executors shall make such 
conveyances of them as the law requires, to render it 
perfect. — 



18 copy of Washington's will 

Item — To my nephew, Wm. Augustine Washington 
and his heirs (if he should conceive them to be objects 
worth prosecuting) and to his heirs, — a lot in the town 
of Manchester (opposite to Richmond) No. 265 — 
drawn on my sole account, and also — the tenth of one 
or two hundred acre lots, and two or three half acre 
lots in the city and vicinity of Richmond, drawn in 
partnership with nine others, all in the lottery of the 
deceased William Byrd are given — as is also a lot which 
I purchased of John Hood, conveyed by William Willie 
and Saml Gordon Trustees of the said John Hood, 
numbered 139 in the town of Edenburgh, in the county 
of Prince George, State of Virginia 
Item — To my nephew Bushrod Washington, I give 
and bequeath all the papers in my possession, which 
relate to my civil and military administration of the 
affairs of this Country: — I leave to him also, such of 
my private papers as are worth preserving; — and at 
the decease of — wife, and before if she is not inclined 
to retain them, I give and bequea. my library of books, 
and pamphlets of every kind. — 

Item — Having sold lands which I possessed in the 
State of Pennsylvania, and part of a tract held in 
equal right with George Clinton, late Governor of New 
York, in the State of New York; — My share of land, 
and interest, in the Great Dismal Swamp, and a tract 
of land which I owned in the County of Gloucester; 
withholding the legal titles thereto, until the con- 
sideration money should be paid. — And having more- 
over leased, and conditionally sold (as will appear by 
the tenor of the said leases) all my lands upon the 
Great Kanhawa, — and a tract upon Difficult Run, in 
the County of Loudon, it is my will and direction, 
that whensoever the contracts are fully, and respec- 



copy of Washington's will 19 

tively complied with, according to the spirit, true 
intent and meaning thereof, on the part of the pur- 
chasers, their heirs or assigns, that then, and in that 
case, conveyances are to be made, agreeably to the 
terms of the said contracts; and the money arising 
therefrom, when paid, to be vested in Bank Stock; the 
dividends whereof, as of that also wch. is already 
vested therein, is to inure to my said wife during her 
life 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

but the stock it self is to remain, & be subject to the 

general distribution hereafter directed. 

Item. — To the Earl of Buchan I recommit "The Box 
"made of the Oak that sheltered the Great Sir William 
"Wallace after the battle of Falkirk'' — presented to me 
by his Lordship, in terms too flattering for me to re- 
peat, — with a request "To pass it, on the event of my 
" decease to the man in my Country who should appear 
"to merit it best, upon the same conditions that have 
"induced him to send it to me," — Whether easy, or 
not, to select the man who might comport with his 
Lordship's opinion in this respect, is not for me to 
say, but conceiving that no disposition of this valuable 
curiosity can be more eligable than the re-commitment 
of it to his own cabinet, agreeably to the original design 
of the Goldsmiths Company of Edinburgh, who pre- 
sented it to him, and at his request, consented that, 
it should be transferred to me; I do give and bequeath 
the same to his Lordship, and in case of his decease, to 
his heir, with my grateful thanks for the distinguished 
honor of presenting it to me; and more especially for 
the favorable sentiments with which he accompanied 
it.— 



20 copy of Washington's will 

Item — To my brother Charles Washington I give and 
bequeath the gold headed cane left me by Doct'r 

Franklin in his will. 1 add nothing to it, 

because of the ample provision I have made for his 

issue, " To the acquaintances and friends 

of my juvenile years, Lawrence Washington and 
Robert Washington of Chotanck, I give my other two 
gold-headed canes, having my arms engraved on them; 
and to each (as they will be useful where they live) 
I leave one of the spy glasses which constituted part of 

my equipage during the late war. To my 

compatriot in arms, and old and intimate friend Doct'r 
Craik, I give my bureau (or as the cabinet makers call 
it Tambour Secretary) and the circular chair. — an 

appendage of my study To 

Doct'r David Stuart I give my large shaving and 

dressing table, and my Telescope To the 

Reverend, now Bryan, Lord Fairfax, I give a Bible in 
three large folio volumes, with notes, presented to me 
by the Right Reverend Thomas Wilson, Bishop of 

Sodor & Man To General de la Fayette I 

give a pair of finely wrought steel pistols, taken 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

from the enemy in the Revolutionary war. 



To my sisters in law Hannah Washington and Mildred 
Washington; — To my friends Eleano Stuart, Hannah 
Washington of Fairfield, and Elizabeth Washington of 
Hayfield, I give, each, a mourning ring of the value of 

one hundred dollars. These bequests are not made 

for the intrinsic value of them, but as mementos of my 

esteem and^regard. To Tobias Lear, I 

give the use of the farm which he now holds, in virtue 



copy of Washington's will 21 

of a lease from me to him and his deceased wife (for 
and during their natural lives) free from rent, during 
his life; — at the expiration of which, it is to be disposed 

as is hereinafter directed . To Sallie 

B. Haynie (a distant relation of mine) I give and be- 
queath three hundred dollars To Sarah 

Green daughter of the deceased Thomas Bishop, and 
to Ann Walker, daughter of Jno. Alton, also deceased, 
I give, each one hundred dollars, in consideration of 
the attachment of their fathers to me, each of whom 

having lived nearly forty years in my family. To 

each of my nephews, William Augustine Washington, 
George Lewis, George Steptoe Washington, — Bushrod 
Washington and Samuel Washington, I give one of the 
swords or cutteaux of which I may die possessed; and 
they are to chuse in the order they are named. — These 
swords are accompanied with an injunction not to 
unsheath them for the purpose of shedding blood, 
except it be for self defence, or in defence of their 
Country and its rights; and in the latter case, to keep 
them unsheathed, and prefer falling with them in their 
hands to the relinquishment thereof. 

And now 
Having gone through these specific devises, with the 
explanations for the more correct understanding of the 
meaning and design of them; I proceed to the distribu- 
tion of the more important parts of my Estate, in 
manner following 

First — To my nephew Bushrod Washington and his 
heirs (partly in consideration of an intimation to his 
deceased father, while we were bachelors, and he had 
kindly undertaken to superintend my Estate during 
my military services in the former war between Great 
Britain and France, that if I should fall therein, Mt. 
Vernon (then less extensive in domain than at present — 



22 copy of Washington's will 

should become his property) I give and bequeath all 
that part thereof which is comprehended within the 
following limits — viz — Beginning 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

at the ford of Dogue Run near my mill, and extending 
along the road, and bounded thereby as it now goes, 
and ever has gone since my recollection of it, to the 
ford of Little Hunting Creek at the gum spring until 
it comes to a knowl opposite to an old road which 
formerly passed through the lower field of Muddy 
Hole Farm, at which, on the north side of the said road 
are three red, or Spanish oaks marked as a corner, and 
a stone placed — thence by a line of trees to be marked, 
rectangular to the back line, or outer boundary of the 
tract between Thomson Mason and myself, — thence 
with that line easterly (now double ditching with a 
post and rail fence thereon) to the run of little hunting 
Creek, — thence with that run which is the boundary 
between the lands of the late Humphrey Peake and me, 
to the tide water of the said Creek; thence by that water 
to Potomac River, — thence with the River to the mouth 
of Dogue Creek, — and thence with the said Dogue Creek 
to the place of beginning at the aforesaid ford; con- 
taining upwards of Four thousand acres, be the same 
more or less — together with the Mansion House and 

all other buildings and improvem thereon 

Second. — In consideration of the consanguinity be- 
tween them and my wife, being as nearly related to her 
as to myself, as on account of the affection I had for, and 
the obligation I was under to, their father when living, 
who from his youth, had attached himself to my person, 
and followed my fortunes through the vicissitudes of 



copy of Washington's will 23 

the late Revolution — afterward devoting his time to 
the superintendence of my private concerns for many 
years, whilst my public employments rendered it im- 
practicable for me to do it myself, thereby affording me 
essential services, and always performing them in a 
manner the most filial and respectful : for these reasons 
I say, I give and bequeath to George Fayette Washing- 
ton, and Lawrence Augustine Washington & their 
heirs, my estate East of little hunting creek, lying on 
the River Potomac; — including the farm of 360 acres 
leased to Tobias Lear as noticed before and containing 
in the whole, by deeds Two thousand & twenty seven 
acres — be it more or less. — which said Estate it is my 
will and desire should be equitably, and advantageously 
divided between them, according to quantity, quality 
and other circumstances when the youngest shall have 
arrived at the age of twenty one years, by 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

three Judicious and disinterested men; — one to be 
chosen by each of the brothers, and the third by these 
two. — In the mean time, if the termination of wife's 
interest therein should have ceased the profits arising 
therefrom are to be applied — for their joint uses and 
benefit. — 

Third — And whereas it has always been my intention, 
since my expectation of having issue has ceased, to 
consider the grand children of my wife in the same light 
as I do my own relations, and to act a friendly part by 
them; more especially by the two whom we have 
reared from their earliest infancy — namely — Eleanor 
Parke Custis and George Washington Parke Custis. — 
and whereas the former of these hath lately inter- 



24 copy of Washington's will 

married with Lawrence Lewis, a son of my deceased 
sister Betty Lewis, by which union the inducement to 
provide for them both has been increased; — Wherefore, 
I give and bequeath to the said Lawrence Lewis and 
Eleanor Parke Lewis, his wife, and their heirs, the 
residue of my Mount Vernon Estate, not already, 
devised to my nephew Bushrod Washington; compre- 
hended within the following description. — viz — all the 
land north of the Road leading from the ford of Dogue 
Run to the Gum Spring as described in the devise of the 
other part of the tract, to Bushrod Washington, until 
it comes to the stone and three red or Spanish oaks on 
the knowl. — thence with the rectangular line to the 
back line (between Mr. Mason and me) — thence with 
that line westerly, along the new double ditch to Dogue 
Run, by the tumbling dam of my mill; — thence with 
the said Run to the ford aforementioned; — to which I 
add all the land I possess west of the said Dogue Run 
& Dogue Crk bounded easterly and southerly thereby; — 
together with the Mill, Distillery and all other houses 
and improvements on the premises, making together 
about two thousand acres be it more or less 
Fourth — actuated by the principle already mentioned, I 
give and bequeath to George Washington Parke Custis, 
the Grandson of my wife, and my ward, and to his heirs, 
the tract I hold on four mile Run in the vicinity of 
Alexandria, containing one thousand two hundred 
acres, more or less, — & my entire Square number 
twenty one, in the City of Washington. — 
Fifth. — All the rest and residue of my Estate, real and 
personal — not disposed of in manner aforesaid — In 
whatsoever consisting — wheresoever lying — and when- 
soever found — a Schedule of which, as far as is rec- 
ollected, with . a reasonable estimate of its value, is 



copy of Washington's will 25 

hereunto annexed — I desire may be sold by my Execu- 
tors at such times — in such manner — and on such 
credits (if an equal, valid, and satisfactory distribution 
of the specific property can not be made without) — 
as, in their judgment shall be most conducive to the 
interests of the parties concerned; and the monies 
arising therefrom to be divided into twenty three 
equal parts, and applied as follow — viz. — 

To William Augustine Washington, Elizabeth Spots- 
wood, Jane Thornton, and the heirs of Ann Ash ton; son, 
and daughters of my deceased brother, Augustine 
Washington, I give and bequeath four parts; — that is — 
one part to each of them 

To FIELDING LEWIS, George Lewis, Robert 
Lewis, Howell Lewis & Betty Carter, sons and daugh- 
ter of my deceased sister Betty Lewis, I give bequeath 
five other parts — one to each of them 

To George Steptoe Washington, Lawrence Augustine 
Washington, Harriot Parks, and the heirs of Thornton 
Washington, sons and daughter of my deceased brother 
Samuel Washington, I give and bequeath other four 
parts, one part to each of them. 

To Corbin Washington, and the heirs of Jane 
Washington, son and daughter of my deceased brother 
John Augustine Washington, I give and bequeath two 
parts; — one part to each of them — 

To Samuel Washington, Francis Ball and Mildred 
Hammond, son and daughters of my brother Charles 
Washington, I give and bequeath three parts; — one 
part to each of them. And to George Fayette Wash- 
ington, Charles Augustine Washington and Maria 
Washington, sons and daughter of my deceased 
nephew Geo. Augustine Washington, I give one other 
part; — that is — to each a third of that part. 



26 copy of Washington's will 

To Elizabeth Parke Law, Martha Parke Peter, and 
Eleanor Parke Lewis, I give and bequeath three other 
parts — that is, a part to each of them. — 

And to my nephews Bushrod Washington and 
Lawrence Lewis, — and to my ward, the grandson of 
my wife, I give and bequeath one other part; — that is, 
a third thereof to each of them.- — And if it should 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

so happen, that any of these persons whose names are 
here ennumerated (unknown to me) should now be 
deceased — or should die before me, that in either of 
these cases, the heirs of such deceased person shall, 
notwithstanding derive all the benefits of the bequest; 
in the same manner as if he, or she, was actually living 
at the time 

And by way of advice, I recommend it to my Execu- 
tors not to be precipitate in disposing of the landed 
property (herein directed to be sold) if from temporary 
causes the sale thereof should be dull; experience having 
fully evinced, that the price of land (especially above 
the Falls of the Rivers & on the western Waters) have 
been progressively rising, and can not be long checked 
in its encreasing value. — And I particularly recom- 
mend it to such of the legatees (under this clause of my 
will) as can make it convenient, to take each a share of 
my stock in the Potomac Company in preference to 
the amount of what it might sell for; being thoroughly 
convinced myself, — that no uses to which the money 
can be applied will be so producive as the Tolls arising 
from this navigation when in full operation (and this 
from the nature of things it must be 'ere long) and more 
especially if that of the Shanondoah is added thereto. — 



COPY OF WASHINGTON S WILL 27 

The family Vault at Mount Vernon requiring repairs 
and being improperly situated besides, I desire that a 
new one of Brick, and upon a larger scale, may be built, 
at the foot of what is commonly called the Vineyard 
Inclosure, — on the ground which is marked out. — In 
which my remains, with those of my deceased relatives 
(now in the old Vault) and such others of my family as 
may chuse to be entombed there, may be deposited. — 
And it is my express desire that my Corpse may be 
interred in a private manner, without parade, or funeral 
oration. — 

Lastly — I constitute and appoint my dearly beloved 
wife Martha Washington, my nephews William Augus- 
tine Washington, Bushrod Washington, George Step- 
toe Washington, Samuel Washington and Lawrence 
Lewis, & my ward George Washington Parke Custis — 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

(when he shall have arrived at the age of twenty years) 
Executrix & Executors of this Will and Testament, — 
In the construction of which it will readily be per- 
ceived that no professional character has been con- 
sulted or has had any agency in the draught — and that, 
although it has occupied many of my leisure hours to 
digest & to through it into its present form, it may, 
notwithstanding, appear crude and incorrect. — But 
having endeavored to be plain, and explicit in all the 
devises — even at the expense of prolixity, perhaps of 
tautology, I hope, and trust, that no disputes will arise 
concerning them; but if, contrary to expectation, the 
case should be otherwise from the want of legal ex- 
pression, or the usual technical terms, — or because too 
much or too little has been said on any of the devises 
to be consonant with law, my will and direction ex- 



28 copy of Washington's will 

pressly is, that all disputes (if unhappily any should 
arise) shall be decided by three impartial and intelligent 
men, known for their probity and good understanding; 
— two to be chosen by the disputants — each having the 
choice of one — and the third by those two. — which 
three men thus chosen, shall unfettered by Law, or 
legal constructions, declare their sense of the Testator's 
intention; — and such decision is, to all, intents and 
purposes to be as binding on the Parties as if it had 
been give in the Supreme Court of the United States. — 
In witness of all, and of each of the things herein con- 
tained I have set my hand seal this ninth day of July 
in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety* 
and of the Independence of the United states, The 
Twenty fourth. 

G2. WASHINGTON. [seal.] 



*It appears the Testator omitted the word "nine." 



Schedule of Washington's Property 



Schedule of property comprehended in the fore- 
going Will, which is directed to be sold, and some of it, 
conditionally is sold; with descriptive and explanatory 
notes relative thereto. — 

IN VIRGINIA. 

Acres. Price. Dollars. 

Loudoun County — 

Difficult Run 300 .... $6,666 (a) 

Loudoun & Fauquier— 

Ashby'sBent 2,481 $10 24,810 (b) 

Chattin's Run 885 $ 8 7,080 (b) 

Berkley — 

So. Fork of Bullskin 1,600 

Head of Evan's M 453 

In Wormley's Line 183 20 $44,720 (c) 

2,236 

Frederick — 
Bought from Mercer , 571 20 11,420 (d) 

Hampshire — 
On Potk, River ab. B. . . . 240 15 3,600 (e) 

Gloucester — 
On north River 400 abt. 3,600 (f) 

Nansemond — 
Near Suffolk 1-3 of 1119 

Acres... 373 $8 2,984 (g) 

Great Dismal Swamp — 
My dividend thereof abt. 20,000 (h) 

29 



30 SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 

Ohio River — 

Round Bottom 587 

Little Kanhawa 2,314 



2,901 $124,880 

Amount brot over 2,901 124,880 

16 miles lower down 2,448 

Opposite Big Bent 4,395 



9,744 $10 97,440 (i) 

Great Kanhawa — 

Near the mouth West . . . 10,990 

East side above 7,276 

Mouth of Cole River .... 2,000 

Opposite thereto 2,950 

Burning Spring 125 

23,341 200,000 (k) 

Maryland — 

Charles County 600 6 3,600 (1) 

Montgomery " 519 12 6,228 (m) 

Pennsylvania — 
Great Meadows 234 6 1,404 (n) 

New York — 
Mohawk River abt 1,000 6 6,000 (o) 

North Westn. Territory — 

On Little Miami 839 

Ditto 977 

Ditto 1,235 

3,051 5 $15,251 (p) 



SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 31 

Kentucky — 

Rough Creek 3,000 

Ditto adjoining 2,000 $2 10,000 (q) 

5,000 
Lots — viz — 
City of Washington — 

2 near the Capitol sqr 634 

Cost $963, and with buldgs 15,000 (r) 

Carried over $479,803 

Dollars. 
Amount brot over 479,803 

Lots City of Washington — 
No. 5, 12, 13, & 14, the 3 last water lots 

on the Eastern branch in Sqr. 667, 

containing together 34,438 Sqr. feet at 

12cts 4,132 (s) 

Alexandria — 
Corner of Pitt and Prince Strts half an 

acre — laid out into buildings 3 or 4 of 

wch are let on grd Rent at $3 per foot . 4,000 (t) 

Winchester— 
A lot in the town of half an acre & an- 
other in the Commons of about 6 acres 

— supposed 400 (u) 

Bath or Warm Springs — 
Two well situated & had buildings to the 

amount of £150 . 800 (v) 

STOCK, 

United States 6 pr cts. . . . 3,476 
Do defered, 1873 

3 pi. cts. 2946 2,500 6,246 (x) 



32 SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 

Potomac Company. — 
24 Shares cost ea £100 Sterlg 10,666 (y) 

James River Company — 
5 shares each cost $100 500 (z) 

Bank of Columbia — 

170 shares $40 each 6,800 

Bank of Alexandria — besides 20 to the 

free school 5 1,000 (&) 

$514,347 

Amount brot over 514,347 

Stock living, viz. — 
1 Covering horse, 5 coh horses — 4 riding 
do — six brood mares — 20 working 
horses and mares. — 2 Covering jacks 
and 3 young ones, 10 she asses — 42 
working mules — 15 younger ones — 329 
head of horned cattle, 640 head of 
sheep, and a large stock of hogs, the 
precise number unknown — 
SSif'My manager has estimated this 
live stock at £7,000 but I shall set it 
down in order to make sd sum at. . 15,653 



Aggregate amt; $530,000 

NOTES. 

(a) This tract for the size of it is valuable; more 
for it's situation than the quality of it's soil, though 
that is good for farming, with a considerable portion 
of gr'd that might very easily, be improved into mea- 
dow. It lies on the great Road from the City of 
Washington, Alexandria and George Town to Lees- 



SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 33 

burgh and Winchester at Difficult bridge — nineteen 
miles from Alexandria less from the City & George 
Town, and not more than three from Matildaville at 
the Great Falls of Potomac — 

There is a valuable seat on the premises — and the 
whole is conditionally sold for the sum annexed in 
the schedule. 

(b) What the selling prices of land in the vicinity 
of these two tracts are I know not; but compared 
with those above the ridge, and others, below them 
the value annexed will appear moderate — a less would 
not obtain them from me — 

(c) The surrounding land not superior in soil, 
situation or properties of any sort, sell currently at 
from twenty to thirty dollars an acre. The lowest 
price is affixed to these. 

(d) The observations made in the last notes applies 
equally to this tract, tract being in the vicinity of them, 
and of similar quality, altho it lies in another County. 

(e) This tract though small is extremely valuable 
— it lies on the Potomac River, about twelve miles 
above the town of Bath (or Warm Springs) and is in 
the shape of a horse-shoe, the river running almost 
around it. Two hundred acres of it is rich low grounds, 
with a great abundance of the largest and finest Walnut 
trees, which with the produce of the soil might (by 
means of the improved navigation of the Potomac) 
be brought to a shipping port with more ease and at a 
smaller expense than that which is transported thirty 
miles only, by land. 

(f ) This tract is of second rate gloucester low ground 
— it has no improvement thereon, but lies on navigable 
water abounding in fish and oysters, it was received 
in payment of a debt (carrying interest) and valued 



34 SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 

in the year 1789, by an impartial gentleman to £800 — 
N. B. It has lately sold and there is due thereon, a 
balance equal to what is annexed — the schedule. 

(g) These 373 acres are the third part of undivided 
purchases made the deceased Fielding Lewis, Thomas 
Walker and myself, on full conviction that they would 
become valuable — the land lies on the road from Suffolk 
to Norfolk touches (if am not mistaken) some part 
of the navigable water of Nansemond River — borders 
on — and comprehends part of the rich Dismal swamp; 
is capable of great improvement; — and from its situa- 
tion must become extremely valuable. 

(h) This is an undivided interest wch I held in 
the Great Dismal Swamp Company, containing about 
4,000 acres, with my part of the Plantation and stock 
thereon belonging to the Company in the s'd Swamp. 

(i) These several tracts of land are of the first 
quality on the Ohio River in the parts where they are 
situated, being almost, if not altogether, River bottom. 

The smallest of these tracts is actually sold at ten 
dollars an acre, but the consideration therefor, not 
received, the rest are equally valuable, and will sell as 
high, especially that which lies just below the Little 
Kanhawa, and is opposite to a thick settlement on the 
West side of the River — 

The four tracts have an aggregate bredth upon the 
River of Sixteen miles and is bounded thereby that 
distance. 

(k) These tracts are situated on the great Kanha- 
wa River, and the first four are bounded thereby for 
more than fourty miles. It is acknowledged by all 
who have seen them (and of the tract containing 10,- 
990 acres which I have been on myself, I can assert) 
that there is no richer, or more valuable land in all 



SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 35 

that Region. There are conditionally sold for the 
sum mentioned — in the schedule that is $200,000 
and if the terms of that sale are not complied with 
they will command considerable more. The tract of 
which the 125 acres is a moiety, was taken up by Gen- 
eral Andrew Lewis and myself for and on account of 
a bituminous Spring which it contains, of so inflam- 
able a nature as to burn as freely as spirits and is as 
nearly difficult to extinguish. 

(1) I am but little acquainted with this land al- 
though I have once been on it. It was received 
(many years since) in discharge of a debt due to me 
from Daniel Janifer Adams, at the value annexed 
thereto, and must be worth more. It is very level, 
lies near the River Potomac. 

(m) This tract lies about 30 miles above the City 
of Washington not far from Kittoctan. It is good 
farming land, and by those who are well acquainted 
with it, I am informed that it would sell at twelve or 
$15 pr acre. 

(n) This land is valuable on account of its local 
situation and other properties. It affords an ex- 
ceeding good stand on Braddock's Road from Fort 
Cumberland to Pittsburgh and besides a fertile soil, 
possesses a large quantity of natural meadow fit for 
the scythe. It is distinguished by the appellation of 
the Great Meadows, where the first action with the 
French in the year 1754 was fought. 

(o) This is the moiety of about 2,000 acrs which 
remains unsold of 6,071 acres on the Mohawk River 
(Montgomery County) in a patent granted to Daniel 
Coxe in the township of Coxeborough & Carolaca as 
will appear by deed from Marinus Willet & wife to 
George Clinton (late Governor of New York) and 



36 SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 

myself; the latter sales have been at six dollars an 
acre and what remains unsold will fetch that, or more. 

(p) The quality of these lands & their situation 
may be known by the surveyor's certificates, which 
are filed along with the patents. They lie in the 
vicinity of Cincinnaati, one tract near the mouth of 
the little Miami, another seven, and the third ten 
miles up the same. I have been informed that they 
will readily command more than they are estimated at — 

(q) For the description of these tracts in detail 
see General Spottswood's letters filed with the other 
papers relating to them. 

Besides the general good quality of the land there 
is a valuable bank of Iron Ore thereon which when 
the settlement becomes more populous (and settlers 
are moving that way very fast) will be found very 
valuable, as the rough creek, a branch of Green River 
affords ample water for furnaces and forges. 

LOTS- Viz: 

City of Washington — 

(r) the two lots near the Capital in Square 634, 
cost me 963 $ only, but in this price I was favoured on 
condition that I should build two brick houses three 
storys high each; without this reduction the selling 
prices of those lots would have cost me about $1,350. 

these lots with the buildings thereon when 

completed will stand me in $15,000 at least (s) Lots 
No. 5, 12, 13, & 14 on the Eastern branch are advan- 
tageously situated on the water, and although many 
lots much less convenient, have sold a great deal 
higher, I will rate these at 12 cts. the square foot only. 



SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 37 

ALEXANDRIA 

(t) For this lot, though unimproved, I have re- 
fused $3,500. It has since been laid off into proper 
sized lots for building on, three or four of which are 
let on ground rent forever at three dollars a foot on 
the street, and this price is asked for both fronts on 
Pitt & Princess Streets. — 

WINCHESTER 

(u) As neither the lot in the Town or common have 
any improvements on them it is not easy to fix a price, 
but as both are well situated it is presumed the price 
annexed to them in the Schedule is a reasonable value. 

BATH 

(v) The lots in Bath (two adjoining) cost me to 
the best of my recollection, between fifty and sixty 
pounds, 20 years ago & the buildings thereon, £150 
more — whether property there has increased or de- 
creased in it's value, and in what condition the houses 
are, I am ignorant, but suppose they are not valued too 
high. 

STOCKS 

(x) These are the sums which are actually funded, 
and though no more in the aggregate than $7,566 
stand me in at least ten thousand pounds in Virginia 
money, being the amount of bonded and other debts 
due to me, and discharged during the war, when 
money had depreciated in that rate and was so settled 
by public authority. 

(y) The value annexed to these shares is what 
they have actually cost me, and is the price affixed 
by law; — and although the present selling price is 



38 SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 

under par, my advice to the legatees (for whose bene- 
fit they are intended, especially those who can afford 
to lie out the money) is that each should take and 
hold one there being a moral certainty of a great and 
increasing profit arising from them in the course of 
a few years. 

(z) It is supposed that the share in the James 
River Company must also be producive, but of this 
I can give no decided opinion for want of more ac- 
curate information. 

(&) These are nominal prices of the Shares in the 
Banks of Alexandria & Columbia, the selling prices 
vary according to circumstances but as the stock 
usually divide from eight to ten per cent per annum, 
they must be worth the former, at least, so long as 
the Banks are conceived to be secure, although cir- 
cumstances may sometimes below it. 

The value of the live stock depends more upon the 
quality than the quantity of the different species of 
it and this again upon the demand, and judgment or 
fancy of the purchasers. 

Mount Vernon, 9 July, 1799. 

G2. WASHINGTON. 

At a -County Court held for the County of Fairfax 
the 20 January 1800, this last Will and Testament of 
George Washington, deceased, late President of the 
United States of America, was this day presented in 
Court by George Steptoe Washington, Samuel Wash- 
ington & Lawrence Lewis, three of the Executors 
therein named, who made oath thereto, and the same 
being proved by the oath of Charles Little, Charles 
Simms and Ludwell Lee, to be in the true hand writ- 
ing of the said Testator, as also the scedule thereto 



SCHEDULE OF PROPERTY 39 

annexed, and the said Will, being sealed and signed 
by him is on motion, Ordered to be Recorded. And 
the said Executors having given security and per- 
formed what the Laws require, a Certificate is granted 
them for a probate thereof in due form. 

Teste; 

G. DENEALE, CI.; Fx.; 



State of Virginia 

To wit: 
County of Fairfax. 

I, F. W. Richardson, Clerk of the County Court 
of Fairfax County Va., the same being a Court of 
Record, do hereby certify, that the foregoing is a true 
copy of the Will of George Washington, as the same 
appears of record in the will books of said County in 
Liber H. No. 1, folio 1, and that the original of said 
will is now on file in my office (office of the Clerk of 
the County Court of Fairfax Co. Va.) Given under 
my hand this 12th day of January, 1904. 

F. W. RICHARDSON, Clerk. 



State of Virginia, 

To wit: 
County of Fairfax, 

I, James M. Love, Judge of the County Court of 
Fairfax County, Va., do certify that F. W. Richard- 
son, Esquire, whose genuine signature is signed to the 
foregoing certificate, is the Clerk of Fairfax County 
Court, Va., and that all his official acts are entitled to 
full faith and credit and that said certificate is . in 
due form of law. Given under my hand this 12th 
day of January, 1904. 

JAMES M. LOVE. 




MARTHA WASHINGTON 



Copy of Martha Washington's Will 



In the name of God Amen 

I Martha Washington of Mount Vernon — in the 
County of Fairfax being of sound mind and capable of 
disposing of my Worldly Estate do make Ordain and 
declare this to be my last will and Testament hereby 
revoking all other Wills and Testaments by me hereto- 
fore Made. IMPRIMUS, It is my desire that all my 
Just Debts may be punctually paid, and that as speedily 
as the same can be done — 

ITEM. I give and devise to my Nephew Bartholow 
Dandridge and his Heirs my lot in the town of Alex- 
andria situate on Pitt and Cameron Streets devised to 
me by my late Husband George Washington deceased — 
ITEM. I give and bequeath to my four Nieces Martha 
W. Dandridge, Mary Dandridge, Frances Lucy Dan- 
dridge and Francis Henly the debt of Two Thousand 
pounds due from Lawrence Lewis and secured by his 
bond, to be equally divided between them or such of 
them as shall be alive at my death and to be paid to 
them respectively on the days of their respective 
mariage or Arrival at the age of Twenty One Years 
Whichsoever shall first happen together with all the 
Interest on said Debt remaining unpaid at the time of 
my death, and in case the whole or any part of the said 
principal sum of Two Thousand pounds shall be paid 
to me during my life then it is my Will that so much 
Money be raised out of my Estate as shall be equal to 
what I shall have received of the said principal debt 
and distribute amoung my four Nieces aforesaid, as 

41 



42 COPY OF MARTHA WASHINGTON'^ WILL 

herein has been bequeathed and it is my meaning that 
the interest accruing after my death on the said sum of 
Two Thousand pounds shall belong to my said Nieces 
and be equally divided between them or such of them 
as shall be alive at the time of my death, and be paid 
annually for their respective uses untill they receive 
their shares of the principal. ITEM, I give and be- 
queath to my Grand-son George Washington Parke 
Custus all the Silver plate of every kind of which I 
shall die possessed, together with the two large plated 
Coolers, the four small plated coolers with the Bottle 
Castors, and a pipe of Wine if there be one in the house 
at the time of my death — also the Set of Cincinati tea 
and table China, the bowl that has a stop in it, the 
fine Old China Jars which usually stand on the Chimney 
piece in the New Room also — all the family pictures of 
every Sort, and the pictures painted By his sister, and 
two small skreens worked one by his sister and the 
other a present from Miss Kitty Brown — also his Choice 
of — prints — Also the two Girandoles and Lustres that 
stand on them — also the new bed stead which I caused 
to be made in Philadelphia together with the bed, 
mattrass, boulsters and pillows and white dimity 
Curtains belonging thereto; also the two other beds 
with bolsters and pillows and the white dimity Curtains 
in the New Room also the Iron Chest and the desk in 
my Closet which belonged to my first Husband; also 
all my books of Every Kind except the Large Bible, 
and the Prayer Book, also the set of tea China that 
was given me by W Vanbram every piece having M W 
on it — 

ITEM. I give and bequeath to my Grand Daughter 
Elizabeth Parke Law, the dressing Table and Glass 
that stands in the Chamber called the Yellow Room, 



COPY OF MARTHA WASHINGTON'S WILL 43 

and General Washingtons Picture printed by Trumbull. 
ITEM. I give and bequeath to my Grand Daughter 
Martha Peter my writing table and the seat to it 
standing in my Chamber, also the print of General 
Washington that hangs in the passage — 
ITEM. I give and bequeath to my Grand Daughter 
Eleanor Parke Lewis the large looking glass in the front 
parlour, and any other looking glass which she may 
choose — also One of the New side board Tables in the 
New Room also twelve Chairs with Green bottoms to 
be selected by herself also the marble table in the 
Garret also the two prints of the dead soldier, a print 
of the Washington Family in a box in the Garret and 
the Great Chair standing in my Chamber; all the 
plated ware not hereinbefore Otherwise bequeathed, 
also all the sheets table linen, Napkins towels pillow 
cases remaining in the House at my death, also three 
beds and bedsteads Curtains Bolsters and pillows, for 
each bed such as she shall choose and not herein par- 
ticularly otherwise bequeathed, together with counter- 
pains and a pair of blankets for each bed, also all the 
Wine Glasses and decanters of every kind, and all the 
blue and white China in Common use. ITEM it is my 
will and desire that all the Wine in Bottles in the Vaults 
to be equally divided between my Grand Daughters 
and Grand-son, to each of whom I bequeath Ten 
Guineas to buy a ring for each. ITEM it is my will 
and Desire that Anna Mariah Washington the daughter 
of my Niece be put into handsome Mourning at my 
death at the Expence of my Estate and I bequeath to 
her Ten Guineas to buy a ring — ITEM. I give and 
bequeath to my Neighbour Mrs. Elizabeth Washington 
five Guineas to get something in remembrance of me — 
ITEM I give and bequeath to Mrs. David Stuart five 



44 COPY OF MARTHA WASHINGTON'S WILL 

Guineas to buy her a ring — ITEM I give and be- 
queath to Benjamin Lincoln Lear one hundred pounds 
Specie to be vested in funded Stock of the United States 
immediately after my decease and to stand in his Name 
as his property which investment my Executors are 
to cause to be made. ITEM When the Vestry of 
Truro parish shall buy a Glebe I devise Will and be- 
queath that my Executors shall pay one hundred 
pounds to them to aid of the purchase, provided the 
said purchase be made in my life-time or Within three 
years after my decease — ITEM, It is my will and 
desire that all the rest and residue of my Estate of 
whatsoever kind and description not herein specifically 
devised or bequeathed shall be sold by the Executors 
of this my last Will for ready Money as soon after my 
decease as the same can be done and that the proceeds 
of thereof together with all the Money in the House 
and the debts due to me (the debts due from Me and the 
legacies herein bequeathed being first satisfied) shall 
be Invested by my Executors in Eight p. Cent stock 
of the funds of the United States and shall stand on the 
books in the Name of my Executors in their Character 
of Executors of my Will and it is my desire that the 
Interest thereof shall be applied to the proper Educa- 
tion of Bartholomew Henly and Samuel Henly the two 
youngest sons of my Sister Henly, and also to the 
Education of John Dandridge, son of my deceased 
Nephew John Dandridge so that they may be severally 
fitted and accomplished in some useful trade and to each 
of them who shall have lived to finish his Education or 
to reach the age of Twenty-one years, I give and be- 
queath one hundred pounds to set him up in his trade — 
ITEM, My debts and legacies being paid and the 
Education of Bartholomew Henly, Samuel Henlv and 



COPY OF MARTHA WASHINGTON'S WILL 45 

John Dandridge aforesaid being completed, or they 
being all dead before the completion thereof it is my 
will and desire that all my Estate and Interests in 
whatever form Existing whether in money funded 
stock or any other species of property shall be equally 
divided among all the persons herein-after mentioned 
who shall be living at the time that the interest of the 
funded stock shall cease to be applicable in pursuance 
of my Will hereinbefore Expressed to the Education 
of my Nephews Bartholomew Hendly, Samuel Hendly 
and John Dandridge, namely among Anna Maria 
Washington daughter of my Niece and John Dan- 
dridge son of my Nephew and all my Great Grand- 
children living at the time that the interest of the 
said funded stock shall cease to be applicable to the 
education of the said B. Hendly, S. Hendly and John 
Dandridge and the same shall cease to be so applied 
when all of them shall die before they arrive to the 
age of Twenty One Years, or those living shall have 
finished their Education or have arrived to the age of 
twenty one Years, and so long as any one of the three 
lives, who has not finished his Education or Arrived to 
the age of Twenty One years, the Division of the said 
Residum is to be defined and no longer — Lastly I 
nominate and appoint my Grand Son George Washing- 
ington Parke Custus, my Nephews Julius B. Dandridge 
and Bartholomew Dandridge and my son in law, 
Thomas Peter Executors of my last will and testa- 
ment. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal this Twenty-Second day of September, 
in the year eighteen hundred. 

MARTHA WASHINGTON. (seal) 



46 COPY OF MARTHA WASHINGTON'S WILL 

Sealed, signed acknowledged and Delivered as her 
last Will and Testement in the presence of us the 
Subscribing witnesses who have been requested to 
subscribe the same as such in her presence — 

Roger Farrell. 
William Spence. 
Lawrence Lewis. 
Martha Peter. 
March 4th, 1802. 

I give to my Grand Son George Washington Parke 
Custis my Mullatto Man Elijah, that I bought of W. 
Butler Washington to him and his Heirs forever — 

M. Washington. 

AT A COURT held for Fairfax County the 21st day 
of June 1802 This last Will and Testament of Martha 
Washington deceased was presented in Court by George 
Washington Parke Custis and Thomas Peter, two of 
the Executors therein Named, who made thereto, and 
the same being proved by the oaths of Roger Farrell, 
William Spence, and Lawrence Lewis three of the 
subscribing witnesses thereto is together with a Codicil 
or Memorandum endorsed, ordered to be recorded — 
and the said Executors having performed what the law 
requires, a certificate is Granted tbem for obtaining a 
probate thereof in due form — 

Teste, 

WM. MOSS, C.C. 

A COPY: Teste, 

F. W. RICHARDSON. 

Clerk of the Circuit Court 
of the County of Fairfax, Virginia. 



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The Rates of Liquors, Etc. 

The following is a true copy of the rates of liquor 
&c., that each Innkeeper in the County was Com- 
pelled to post at his door so that a traveller might see 
what a night's lodging &c, would cost him. 

s. d. 

For a gill of rum and so in proportion 8 

Nank Brandy 10 

Virginia Peach or apple brandy 6 

New England rum 2 6 

Virginia Brandy from grain 4 

Arrack the quart made into punch 8 

For a quart of red or white wine 2 6 

For a quart of Madera wine 2 6 

For all and other low wines per quart 1 6 

English strong beer pr. do 1 3 

London beer, called Porter pr. do 1 

Virginia strong beer, pr. do 7 3/2 

Cyder the quart bottle 4 

English Cyder pr. do 1 3 

For a gill of rum made into punch with loaf 

sugar 6d. with fruit 7J^ 

For do. with brown sugar 4^ 

For a hot diet with small beer or Cyder 1 

For a cold diet 6 

For a gallon of Corn or oates 4 

Stableage and fodder for a horse 24 hours or 

one night 6 

Pasturage for a horse 24 hours or one night . . 4 

For a night lodging with clean sheets, 6d. otherwise 

nothing. 

51 



52 CLIPPINGS FROM OLD RECORDS 

All soldiers or expresses on his Magestys Service 
paying ready money shall have one-fift part deducted. 

This order was entered at a Court held for Fairfax 
County 20th March, 1755. 



There is a clause in the will of George Mason of 
Guns ton Hall, Fairfax Co., Va. (who was the author 
of the Bill of Rights of Virginia, and one of the most 
prominent men of his day), which is worth reading 
and I here give it with the exact wording and spelling 
which is as follows, viz. — 

"I recommend it to my sons from my own experi- 
ence in life, to prefer the happiness of independence 
and a private station to the struggles and vexations of 
public business; but if either their inclination or the 
necessities of the times should engage them in public 
affairs I charge them on a father's blessing, never to 
let the motives of private interest or ambition induce 
them to betray, nor the terrors of poverty or disgrace 
or the fear of danger or of death deter you from as- 
serting the liberty of your Country, and endeavoring 
to transmit to their posterity those sacred rights to 
which themselves were born." 

The foregoing will of Mason was written in 1763. 

The old record books were substantially bound, and 
are now as clear and distinct as when first written. 
Some of the most valuable books relating to the early 
history of the county, and particularly to George 
Washington, were carried away by Federal soldiers 
during the Civil war. Many of the records are quaint 
productions and would prove interesting reading if 
the designer had the space to produce them. We 
find that — 



CLIPPINGS FROM OLD RECORDS 53 

"At a County Court held for the County of Fair- 
fax, Virginia, on March 19th, 1754, "Lieutenant Cols. 
George Washington, Lieutenants John West Jr., and 
James Towers pursuant to their Military Commis- 
sions from the Hon. the Governor took the oaths ac- 
cording to law repeated and subscribed the test." 
The "Test" or "Oath" was as follows, and had to 
taken by every officer of the Colony; 

"We do declare that there is no Transubstantiation 
in the Sacrement of the Lord's Supper or in the Ele- 
ments of Bread & Wine at or after consecration there- 
of by any means whatsoever. I declare that I will 
act conformably, to the Doctrines and Discipline of 
the Church of England." 

At Nov. court 1754, the following presentments 
among many similar ones were made by the Grand 
Jury; 

"We present Daniel French of Truro Parish for 
tending of Seconds in this present year by the infor- 
mation of George Wm. Fairfax, , Esquire." The 
"tending of Seconds" meant the second crop of tobac- 
co, which was prohibited by law, tobacco being the 
currency of these days, and over production — especi- 
ally of an inferior grade — had to be guarded against.) 

"We present Guy Broadwater of Truro Parish for 
not attending his Parish Church within two months 
last past to the knowledge of two of us." (There 
were numerous incidents of this nature.) 

"We present James Robertson of Truro Parish for 
having married the reputed granddaughter of his 
former wife to the knowledge of two of us." 

Others were presented for profane swearing, drunk- 
enness, &c. One woman willed numerous locks of her 



54 CLIPPINGS FROM OLD RECORDS 

hair to be made into rings (mourning) to be worn by 
her relatives and friends, and also says "I will and 
bequeath my stand to — , but the top at present does 
not on its bottom." 

Jeremiah Moore, after making various bequests, 
adds in his will: "All the remainder of my estate I 

give unto my beloved wife, Lydia Moore, But 

she shall not be required to take out letters of admin- 
istration, give any security or have any appraisement, 
whatever the law may say to the contrary notwith- 
standing, for I have more confidence in her justice, 
integrity & uprightness, than in all the Courts that 
ever set either in this Commonwealth or elsewhere." 

Wm. H. Foote, at one time a prominent man in 
Virginia, and who was we believe, (the ancestor of 
Senator Foote, of Miss.) when quite old, married a 
young and very beautiful girl, and we find these 
clauses in his will, "I will and bequeath the balance 
of my real estate, to my wife for and during her widow- 
hood and during her natural life, with the stocks of 
horses, cattle, hogs and sheep, farming implements, 
carriage and household matters. If, however, she 
should cease to be my widow or marry again, she must 
account for all these things and take her dower at law. 
It is not my purpose to give to any Cur a sop." 

Mr. Foote's allusion to his slaves, in the said will, 
shows the kindly feeling that existed between master 
and servant (also see in will of Washington). 

"My slaves I recommend to the care and kindness 
of my wife and Executor, and I direct that they eman- 
cipate them from time to time as may comport with 
the probable wellfare of my slaves. They may be 



CLIPPINGS FROM OLD RECORDS 55 

hired out or kept upon the farm, in either case I give 
to the grown ones twenty dollars per annum being 
males & ten to females. I cannot emancipate them 
in this State and I know not where to send them, they 
must therefore look to my dear wife as their protector 
and be true and faithful to their duty, she and my 
Executor will do them justice and friendship. Bob 
Foy is one of natures nobility. In 46 years of trust 
I never found him in falsehood or prevarication for 
truth, faith and honest he could have no superior. 
He must receive twenty-five dollars per annum from 
my wife and end his days where he now is. * * * * * * 
All of my servants are good, trusty and true and I bid 
them a long farewell with a sorrowful heart." 



The Passing Away of Washington 

"How sleep the brave who sink to rest 
With all their country's honors blest." 

There came to Mount Vernon a bleak, forbidding 
winter day, December 13, 1799. Washington was 
engaged in planning and superintending some im- 
provements on his estate which occupied his presence 
till a late hour in the evening, when, on returning to 
the mansion, he complained of cold and a sore throat, 
having been wet through by mists and chilling rain. 
He passed the night with feverish excitement, and 
his ailment increased in intensity during the next day 
and until midnight, when, surrounded by his sorrow- 
ing household and medical attendant, he passed 
gently and serenely from the scenes of earth to the 
realities of the great unknown. He was in the sixty- 
eighth year of his age. His faculties were strong and 
unimpaired to the last. He was conscious from the 
first of his malady, that his end was near, and he 
awaited the issue with great composure and self-pos- 
session. "I am going," he observed to those around 
him, "but I have no fears." His mission had been 
well and nobly accomplished. His great life work, 
whose influences will reach to the remotest periods of 
time, was accomplished. 

At the supreme moment Mrs. Washington sat in 
silent grief at his bedside. "Is he gone?'' she asked 
in a firm and collected voice. The physician, unable 
to speak, gave a silent signal of assent. "'Tis well," 
she added in the same untremulous utterance; "all is 

56 



DEATH OF WASHINGTON 57 

over now. I shall soon follow him; I have no more 
trials to pass through." She followed three years 
later. They both rest side by side in the new burial 
vault at the old homestead by the river. 

The following quaint announcements of Washing- 
ton's death from the newspapers of the locality will 
be of interest: 

The Georgetown Centinel of Liberty, a semi-weekly, 
in its issue of December 17, 1799, thus announces 
Washington's death: "It is our painful duty first to 
announce to the country and the world the death of 
General George Washington. This mournful event 
occurred on Saturday evening about eleven o'clock. 
On the preceding night he was attacked with a violent 
inflammatory affection of the throat, which in less than 
twenty-four hours put a period to his life. If a long 
life devoted to the most important public services; if 
the most eminent usefulness, true greatness, and con- 
summate glory; if being an honor to our race and a 
model to future ages; if all these could rationally sup- 
press our grief, never perhaps ought we to mourn so 
little. But as they are the most powerful motives to 
gratitude, attachment, and veneration for the living 
and of sorrow at their departure, never ought America 
and the world to mourn more than on this melancholy 
occasion." 

The Alexandria Times and District of Columbia 
Advertiser, of Friday, December 20, 1799, of which 
one-half sheet is all that is known to be in existence, 
thus announced Washington's death and funeral: 
"The effect of the sudden news of his death upon the 
inhabitants of Alexandria can better be conceived 
than expressed. At first a general disorder, wildness, 
and consternation pervaded the Town. The tale 



58 DEATH OF WASHINGTON 

appeared as an illusory dream, as the raving of a 
sickly imagination. But these impressions soon gave 
place to sensations of the most poignant sorrow and 
extreme regret. On Monday and Wednesday the 
stores were all closed and all business suspended, as 
if each family had lost its father. From the time of 
his death to the time of his interment the bells con- 
tinued to toll, the shipping in the harbor wore their 
colors half-mast high, and every public expression of 
grief was observed. On Wednesday, the inhabitants 
of the Town, of the County, and the adjacent parts 
of Maryland, proceeded to Mount Vernon to perform 
the last offices to the body of their illustrious neigh- 
bor. All the military within a considerable distance 
and three Masonic lodges were present. The con- 
course of people was immense. Till the time of in- 
terment the corpse was placed on the portico fronting 
the river, that every citizen might have an oppor- 
tunity of taking a last farewell of the departed bene- 
factor." 



List of Articles Ordered from London 
for Martha Washington 

What Martha Washington needed the first year of 
her marriage, ordered from London by Col. Washing- 
ton, 1759: 

"The following is an exact copy of this memoranda 
which is curiously quaint: 

1 Cap, handkerchief and tucker. 

2 Fine lawn aprons. 

2 Double handkerchiefs. 

2 pairs of white silk hose. 

6 pairs of fine cotton hose. 

4 pairs of thread hose. 

1 Pair of black satin shoes of the smallest fives. 

1 Pair of white satin shoes. 

4^ Pair of calamanco shoes. 

1 Fashionable hat or bonnet. 

6 Pairs of kid gloves. 

6 Pairs of mits. 

6 Breast knots. 

1 Dozen silk stay laces. 

1 Black mask. 

1 Dozen fashionable cambric handkerchiefs. 

2 Pairs neat small scissors. 
1 Pound of sewing silk. 

1 Box of real miniken pins and hair pins. 

4 Pieces of tape. 

6 Pounds of perfumed powder. 

1 Piece narrow white satin ribbon. 

1 Tuckered petticoat of a fashionable color. 

59 



60 martha Washington's list 

1 Silvered tabby petticoat. 
% Handsome breast flowers. 
9 Pounds of sugar candy." 

So Martha used perfumed powder, breast knots, 
silken hose, and satin shoes like any modern lady who 
makes the slightest pretension to fine dressing. (See 
Snowden's Historic Landmarks.) 



Date Due 

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