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' t* ■ B t ■* 



TfT Yourself in His Place. 


r XXV ill. 






























r X. 






XI U. 























The Calamet goea round among the Childeraleighs 105 

Miss Winter loses a Homs and finds a Friend .. 110 

Tho General Meeting - 118 

Mr. Childersleigh at Home SS3 

The Waif washed to Land „_ „ 241 

UlTSBea stops his Esn to the Sirens _ 

Borrington fallen on his Feet 

Mr. Hemprigge in Society /.. ._ „ 

Mr. Hooker "en Betraita ".,_ 

EiUoden ______„. — 

The Ficnic on Ben-r-G^ _ -. 

Caat away in the Clouds .. - — 

Mr. Hempfi^a breaks hia BiOk\« *n&.iiuik«a 
The Applw of TMnnrt 




AoAiNET TiMS~vontiniud. 


Chapter XXIV. Tbe Ottoman Loan .. — — — - 61* 

„ XXV. FriendB in Conncil _ _ — - ^ 627 

„ XXVI. Love among the ThornB „ ._ 633 

„ XXVII. Mr. Hempri^e eacrifices his Career to hia Conscience 731 

„ XXVIII. And gnffeiB accordingly „. - 7*4 

„ XXIX. Lncy makea a S«ne, and Maude a Discovery 752 


Chapter H. The Pre-UnionUta .„ _ „ _..„ 48 

„ III. A Page ol BiogrKpby snpplied 66 

„ IV. The "Last Flicker of Nationality" -_ „ _ 167 

„ V, The Debate on (he Union „ _ ^ _ 172 

„ VI. The Decline of Irishmen 299 

„ VII. The Last of the Great Ones 303 

„ VUI. The O'Connell Era _ „ _ .._ „ 307 

„ IX. O'Connell's Contempomrica _.._ 31+ 

" After Many Days." By Philip Bocrke Marston 34:i 

Antipathies, NalionaL „ _ 154 

At Rome. By H. C. Merivale - - - 460 

Antomn, In I^te. By Charles Denya Conway 730 

Barbarossa Legend, The. By Karl Blind _.. ._ ~ _ 424 

Bishop, Onr New. Apropos of the " (Ecnmenical ",_ „ 63 

BmySre, La .„ _ 346 

Catalonia, The Lions of— MonseTrat 663 

Chinese (A) Commisaioner's Foreign Tour. „ „ _ 678 

Christmas in the Days of Old, Glimpsea of _ „ „„ 28 

Church of England (The) and Paritanism. By Matthcvr Arnold. ». 180 

Clever Forgery (A) 706 

Conscription, Letters abont the. — The Febnuiy Post-Bag -__ - 204 

Fcbmary Poet-Bag. — Letters abont the Conscription „ S04 

Fog-Signals 477 

Fools, The Usea of __, „ _ 465 

Forgery, A Clever _. 706 

Gcrmid Qrifllii; The Stroam that nnmea by - 61 

OHmpwa <rf Cfatiitiiiu in the Daji o/OU_ S8 

Qong^ Sonnding tin ,. — ■■— .m-.^... „.„_ 418 

C0NrENT3. Tii 


Iron iluak., The Man in the „ _, 333 

King Laorin's Rosc-GanleD „ _ "17 

Kint; of Svedca's Pocma _ _. _. __ 91 

LaBruyiM _ „ „ „ 346 

Legend, The Barbarosaa. Bj Karl Blind _ 424 

Marathon and its Briganda „ _ „ „ _ - .... 699 

Medi«7al Paria, The Theatre in _ 695 

Honaerrat — ^The Liona of Catalonia ._ _ 6G3 

Monte Generoso „ „ „ _ „ „ 606 

Natioaal Antipathies - _ 154 

Omr New Bishop. Apropos of the " (Ecnmenical " ~ _ -.. 63 

Oop Enlers— Public Opinion..^ — 288 

Paris, The Theatre iftMedimval ._- _ ~. — - - ~. 695 

Plebiscitom (A) in the Dnchy of Gerolstein — Yes or No ? — _..._ 677 

Fost-Bftg, The Febrnaiy. — Letters about Uie Conscription _. ~ ~ S04 

Prince Moleskine's Conspiracy. — A Bnssian Socialist Bubble — 644 

Poblic Opinion— Our Rolets - _ 288 

Pupil (A) of the Hotel Rambonillet _ _. _„ _ _ _... 533 

Puritanism and the Church of England. By Matthew Arnold „ _ 180 

Bone, At By H. C. Merivalo __._■■..—_- 460 

Roee-Garden, King Lanrin's _ __. .______-....- -._ 717 

Bottian Socialist Bubble (A). — Prince MolesUne's Conspiracy 644 

Sharpe, Charles Kirkpatrick ._. _„ 319 

Social RIaTory...- _...._ _ __ - 666 

SouBdingthc GoDg.. _.,.. — — 418 

Stream (The) that Hurries by. By Gerald OriflSn — 61 

Sweden, Poems of the King of _ __ 91 

Theatre (The) in Mediaival Parta_ , 595 

Two Ladies— Two Hours „ „ — 43.1t 

Uses at Fools, The — „ — 465 

Yes or No f —A Plebiacitum in tlte Dodiy of Gerolstein .'. 677 



"ThI8," BAID he, "I8 THK PRE8BKT BTBTSH" — „ „ I 

"Oh, how teet kind tod are, Miss Ckildsbblxioh " _... 105 

The Abbov west up at ak Aitqlb op Fobtt-fivk _ 129 

" On ! It's Tou, IB IT, HEHPBioaE ? " „ ._, 233 


He rLCKO hiubelf back on an Ottoman, the Centbb of a Group of 

Bbautt „ -.- - _ _ „ -.. 3G2 

Babt found Grace Cabdbn with heb Head busied on hbb Toilet- 
table _ _ _ 385 

Yes, tqis tiue thebe could be no uibtakk — thb faint distant Babk 

OF A Doo I ^ _ „ 483 

Two Ladies glided into thb Soom * 513 

Ldct found herself brought face to face with a Fsofosal 611 

She had a sort of Protestant Nun's Dress on „ 641 

Maude's Fikoers paused on the Kbtb roB a Second "31 



JANUARY, 1870. 

^ui Ijourstlf ill |ms ^htt. 

CBAPTEB xxvnr. 

(*-»% OGTOR," flftid Mr. Carden, 
"yon are an old fricud, and 
a discreet mfts ; I ^ill coofido 
Iho tnilli to yon." 

" Ymi mny Bftve yourself 
the iruulilv. 1 bare wutcbed 
the whole progresa of tbis 
amour ap to tho momeat 
when you gavo tb«u the 
adTantage of your pat«rDal 
wisdom, aud nmde litem both 

" It U very unreaumablo 
of thctu, to bo miserable." 

" Oh, loven) parted could 
oever yet molte themsehes 
happy with reason." 

" But why do you say 
parted? All I Baid was 'no 
engagemeut lUI you can mako 
a HettJemoDt r and don't compromise her iu the meanwhile' I did not 
mean to interdict oecaaooal visita." 

*■ Then why not Bay bo? That is bo like people. Yon mad« your 
iinfaToumblo etipuiatiou plain enough ; but the little bit of comfort, you 
left that in doubt ThJH comes of oot pultiug ^xuraelf i'q his place. I 
ha%'o had a talli with htm about it, and hr> thinks be Is not to show his 
■faee here till ha is rich enot^h to piurlmoe your daughter of yon." 
vni,. ui.— ifo. 121. I. 

POT lovtaau vx his rucB. 
tuu 1 iu\} fon b0 bu l u iiiml w irtiHMl me.** 

V Uka la oppoftanity to let him kaovW lus 

my aertritj, uul Uftl I tnut to hid hdooor, ao4 4o 

v< If .. ^ . .oimlMtao I viU ondflrtake with pleHon." 
^A ' rvallj think that will do her bodilT bf&Jth ur good ?'* 

fifftu. Dmior Ambo/De eoiUd repty, Uie punoma ndtely loodMA 
^ Dm boll iiNini, vid ft iw«eiToioe begin to sag a flbatrfsl imIo^. 
H RtMb I " iKiil Doct/>r Anboyiu. *' Sanly I ^bov that ioat. Toa, X 
h«T« hftard rA«i mhrr whisUa it." 

Him liM not fdog &r ever bo Icmg," remarked Mr. Carden. 
Ami I think I can tell too irtiT she u singiag nov : look at this 
itiirv it( ll(/|w; I jtut told her I had a male patient afflicted vitfa her 
OiNnplMnlt Abd iba qaiek-wittdd ereatnre aeked me dinctlj if 1 thooght 
Ibla plotiim wonlii do him anv good. I said jm, and I'd take h to him." 
" Com", Doctor, tliot couldn't make bernn^." 
" Vfhj not 9 Heart can speak to heart, eren b; a floirer or a pictar«. 
Tbe MpanUloD wat complete ; eendisg this sjmbol has broken it a little, 
ud H Nbe is uoffng. This is a leeeon for ds roder and less imUIe epitita. 
Now mJnd, tfawart«l love seldom kills a buoy man ; but it often kilU aa 
Idle womittr and yonr daoghtcr in an idli' woman. He if an iron pot* 
aim U a thina tom. Please don't hit ihem too hard vrith the hammer of 
patvmal iriadom, or yoa wiQ dent my iron pot, and break tout China vase 
jo Atomt," 

(laTiag adxmniri«red this warmn^. Doctor Ambovne went straigbt from 
^ Woodbine TUla to Little's factory ; but Little wxr irtill in London ; he had 
B goon there to take oat patents. Bayne protniRcd to ccnd the Doctor a line 
H Immeiliotely on ht8 retoni. KerertheleRS, a fortnight (lapsed, and then 
^^>Oetar Amboyne received a nhori uiyfft4<rioaR line to tell him 31r. Littio 
^HWeome home, and would lio all fbo letter of a visit. On reoeipt of this 
^^^B Doctor went at once to tbe works, nnd fonnd yonng LitUe Ijing on hia 
«!arp4>Dler'A bench in a sort of gloomy apathy. "Hallo!" aaid tho Doctor, 

iifl hia cheerful way, "why what'a the matter now ? " 
"I'm fairly oraabed," groaned tho inrcntor. 
" And what baa cmshod yon ? " 
" The roundabout swindle." 
" There, now, ho mvents words as well as things. Come, tell me 
abonl tho roundabont awindle." 

" No, no; I haveii'L Uio heart left to go throngb it all again, oven in 

otdi. Ono wmitil ilitnk an inventor was the enemy of the baman 

ttn, T will toll yon ; tbe right of yon has revived mo a bit ; it always does.' 

«11, then, yon know I au driveD to invention now ; it i« my noly cbaneo : 

ever aiow Mr. Cn ' > ' " to me, T have given my whole aool to 

!tt way nf mw-^Erji ouu-Jundry. Tbe rircnlar saws beat me, 

irhile, hnt I mastered Ifaem : wo, there'll tbo model. I'm going lo 



burn !t IhiA TfiTy Aflfrnoon. Well, n ninnlb ago, I look Uw oUur model 
— tbti lODg-flaw (gilder — up to LddiIod, to patent the uivetiUon, as ^oa 
adnxAd mc. I Ihonght I'd jiuit h^ve to exkilul ihe model, and lodge tbe 
deflchptioD in some GoTernmuut offico, and pay a feo, of coane, to bohm 
■well, and so b« qtilt of if. Lord blo8» you — first I imd to lay the 
specification befbra the Conrt of CbaDcerr, and write a petilioo to the Qoeeiii 
and pay, nod, wLat is worse, vuit. When I bad paid, imd waited, I 
gut my petition signed, not by the QuMO, but by some Oo-betwceo, a&d 
thru I mnst take it to tbc Attorney -Qencrsl. Ho made me pay — and inut. 
WbeQ I bad waited ever so long, I wa« dent back to wburo I had come 
from — the Home Office. But oren then I could not get to the Qaoen. 
Another of ber Oo-betweeui nailed me, and mode mo pay, and wait : those 
IncuKtti hU^nl ymtr lime as well aa rcnir motu>T. At tost, a copy of a copy 
of a copy of my patoot got to the Qoceo, and she eigned it like a lady at 
once, and I got it back. THcti I thought I was all right. Not a bit 
of it: the Qacon't sifi^ttiro wasn't good till another of her Oo-betweeos 
had sigDod it. I tluuk it was the Homo Becretnry this time. This Oo- 
between bled mo agsiu, and sont me, with my hard-earned signatures, 
to the Patent Office. There tbey drafted, and copied, imd docketed, and 
robbed me of more time and money. And. wbeu nit wa« done, I had to 
take the document haok to one of the old Go-botweenR that I hoped I had 
worn out, the Attorney -Geueral. He signed, and bled me out of some 
more money. From him to the other Qo-betweens at Whitehall. From 
them to the Htarop Office, if I remember right, aud, oh Lord, didn't I fall 
among leeches there ? They draited. they copied, they engrosBod, they 
juggled me out of time and money without end. Tbc first leech wag ealliKl 
the Lord Keeper of tiie Seal ; the seccmd leech wna enllcd the Lord 
ChanceUor ; it was some Go-between that acted in hiit name : the third 
loeeb was the Clerk of the Fateots. They demanded more copies, and 
then employed more Cro-betweens to charge ten tunes the raloe of 
a copy, and ouled the balaooe. no doubt. * Stand and dohver thirty 
pounds for this stamp.' ' RLmd and delircr to me that call myttelf the 
ChoooeUor's pureo-beaier — and there's no such creature — two guineas.' 
* Stand and deliver seven, thirteMi, to the elerk of the Honaper* — and 
tiieM'a no such tfaiug as a Haanper. ' Stand and deliver three, fire/ to a 
Oo-hetwoen tliat calls himself the Lord Ohanoellor aguo. aud leu't. * 8tand 
and delircr six, nought, to a Go-betwcoD that acts for the deputy, tbatonght 
to put n bit of Bealing>waz on the patent, but hasn't the brains to do it 
himself, so you mnst i»y mr a Caocy price for doing it, and then 1 won't 
i]n it ; it will bo done by a clerk at twenty-five shillinns s week.' Aud. nil 
this time, mind you, oo disposition to sofWn all fbis otllciftl peoulatiou hv 
eiTility ; nu misgiriDg that the next wave of cinUxation may sweep all Ibeae 
Oii'botwcens and leeches out uf the path of progress; oo, thedepnty-Ticc-Go- 
helwocns all scowled, as well as swindled : they broke my heart so, often 
] sat down is their ante -chambers, and the scolding Eetrs ran dovn my 
ohedtfr, at t'L-iug pillaged of my time, as well as my mocRT^ and treated 

1— » 




fik* s crimnu] — fbf mhaHi 

"Aj." said the Doctor, "ron had committ«d Uie crime of Brsiiui; 
Bnd the worse ciime of dMlining to bo sttrred in roturn for tbeun. I 
doa't rebel agaiiul the fees to mneb : their onlj faolt is that they are too 
beftTy, nnoe the monopolj iher pmfeas to Beraro is Bhart-lrTcd, und 
not T«7' leean ; the Lord Cbnne^fUcw, b» a }ndgt, has often to cpeet 
patent vfalcta he hat sold in another character. Bat that BjsieiB 
gi>-betweetui, and depatv-go-betweeiu. and depatT-Umtenant-go-bet^ 
mad of nobody doing hie own bosineM in mattera of Slatr, it really 
national etmo, and a Rrctt blot upon the aational intellect. It is 
diaease ; bo let oa name it. We doctors am great at naming 
greater than at coring them. 

Let B raU it V'icabia, 
Thb EngHih malarU. 

Of this Vicana, the loss of time and monej yoa hare BoiTered is onlv 
of the fruits. I think." 

" All I know is, they made my life b^ (or more than a numth ; and 
if I have ever the mitfurtnnc to invent anything more, I'll kt?4>p it to 
myrelf. I'll bide it. like any other crime, fiiit no ; I never will inr. 
ntiolher thing : nerer, neTcr." 

"Stuff! Methioks I bear a dock nbjnre DAtab'on. Ton can't he^ 

" I win help it. What, do you tbiuk 1*11 be sneh u) aee as to hare 
Brains in a eoantiy where Brains arc a crime ? Doctor. I'm in despur. j 

" Then it Ir time to cast your eyes orer this little picture." 

Ths isTontor tnmed the litlJe picture Ustlecsly aboat. ** It U a womnn^ 
with an anchor. It's a figore of Hope." 

" BeaatifoUy painted, is it not?" 

■' The tints are well hid on : but, if you'll excuse me, it in rather floi; 
He laid the picture down, and tamed nway from it. ** Ab, Hope, my U^^, 
yoa'To come to the wrong iihop," 

•* Not she. Bhe was painted expressly for you, and by a vory boa 
liful girl." 

" Oh, Doctor, ool by '* 

•' Yob ; she sends it too." 

*'Ahr' And be caught Hope up, and began to dovonr her *nih 
kisses, and bis eyes sparkled finely. 

" I hnve some good news, too, for yoti. &tr. Cardea tells mo he never 
iatAoded to Hptnt* ymi entirely from hh daughter. If yon cnn ba 
modorata, dlaeteet. old beforo your time, etc., and come only sbont on 
a week, and not compromisn her publicly, you will b« as welcome as erer, 

" Tbat if good nuws, Indeed. I'll go tlurre this very day ; and 
patant the circular saw." 

" Thsrs's a saa*»eqaitar for you ! " 

" XotkiBg of the kind, sir. Why, eren the Qncen's Go-betweens 



never daiuit me, now I can go aod drink love and courage direct from her 
ejea ; Dothing caa chill nor diBcoara^e me now. Til light mjr forge agniu, 
and go to work, and ruako a fuw sotd of carviug- tools, aud that will pay 
the Oo-betweeiiR for patenting my circular-saw grinder. But first I'll pat 
on mj coat and go tu heaven." 

■' Had vou not better postpone that till the end of jour brilUant career 
as on lOTCctor and a lorer?" 

" No ; I thirst for heaven, and I'll drink it." Bo he made his toilette^ 
thiinki'il and blesaed the good Doctor, iwd off to Woodbine Villa. 

Gracti Garden saw bim coming, and opened the door to him herself, 
red M Matlet, and ber eyes swinuuing. Hbe scarcely made an effort to 
contain herself thia time, and when abe got him into the drawing-room all 
to berself) ahe cried, for joy and toudenieas, on bis ahoulder ; and it cost 
him a gulp or two, T can tell yon : and Lh«y snt hand in hand, and were 
Dover tired of goiciug at each other : and the hours (lew by unheeded. Ail 
their trouble wa« as though it had never boen. Love brightened the 
present, the future, and even tlie post. Ho did not tell Grace one word 
of what he bad sufl'ered (xvm Vicaria — I Lhaok Lhce, Doctor, for teaching 
me that word — it bad lost all intoreet to bim. T^ove and happineaa had 
annihilated it« tme eharacler^— like the aftenioou sun gilding a far-off 

He did mention the Kuhject, however, bnt it was in these terms : 
"And, dearest, I'm bard at work inventing, and I patent oU my inTen* 
tioua ; so Z bnjie to satisfy your fiitber before two years." 

And Omee said. "Yes; but don't overwork yoiir poor brain, and 
worry yourself. 1 am yomrs iu heart, and that is something, 1 hope. I 
know it is to me J* I wonldu't change with any wife in C^riittendom.'' 



At the end of two months Ibe situation of affairs waa as follows : — 

Grace Garden received a risit every week from Ilcnrr, and met bim 
DOW and then at other housea : ebe recovered her health and spirits, and, 
being of II patient sex, waa rjoite contented, nnd even bappy. Frederick 
Coventry visited hor often, and she received his visits ^uite grscioualy, 
now, that the man she loved was uo longer driven from ber. She even 
pitied him. and was kind to him, and bad misgivings that aha bod tuwd 
him ill. This deling he fostered, by a tt-udcr, dejected, and inoflbnaiva 
miinner. Boiling with rage iuuide, this cout^umuiate actor bud the art to 
feign resignation ; whoroas, io reality, be was secretly watching for an 
opportnnity to injure his rival. But no such opportnnity came. 

Little, in homblo imitation of his sovereign, bad employed a Go- 
between to employ a Go-botueeu, to deal with the state Go-betweau and 
deputy Go-betweens, that hampered the porchose — the word " grant" is 
out of place, bleeding is no boon,— «f a patent bva the crown^ and by 


"»« meias, ho had done, in eiity A&yts, what a Ime mventor will do in 
•wcaty-fbnr hoars, whcuovar the vuriomt metallic ttgea shall be succeeded 
by the age of rcftsoii ; ho had eccured his two fiaw-gnndliig inventions, hy 
PatoDt. in Great Britain, Iho Canadas, and the United States of America. 
He had imother invention perfcctod : it was for Ibrging axea and bolcheta 
by ttiflchinerr: hot this he did not jmteut : he hoped to find his reiimnc- 
raUou in the prior use of it for a few months. TA&re priority is sometimctf 
a great advantage in this claw of invention, and thoro are no fees to p»y 
for it, nur dt'pnty-lieatcnaul-vice-Go-hetweena" untechaiabore for gcuiuii to 
eool tta heds and heart in. 

But one thing tiouu bticttnu.' eridt-ut. He could not work his iuvenU 
without a much larger eapilul. 

Dr. Amboyno and he put their heads together over this diffictilty, 
the Doctor advised him in a more enidite style than asoal. 

" True inveutiou," said ho, "whether Uterai^' or mechanical, ia 
highest and hardeat effort of the mind. It Is an operation so ahaorbiti}-. 
that it olten wdakena those pettier talentii, which make what wo call the 
clever man. TherefoK the inventoT should ally himaelf with some person 
of talent and cnei^i^, hut uu iuvtutiun. Thua supported, he cau havn 
his &tH of nlwlraetion, his headaches, his heart-aches, hiu esultjition?, 
hit) depression H, and no harm dune ; bis dogged uiisueiute will pluugb 
steadily on all thu time. Su, aAer all, your requiring capital is no gri 
miafortone ; you most look out for a working oapitaliat. No 6le«pi 
partner will eorve your turn; what you want ia a good, noh, vij 
energetic ouui, tho pacbydermatonser the belter." 

Henry actvd on tliis adWve, and went to London id search of 
moneyed partner. Oh, then it wait bo kamed — 

TUe btll il b in Boing loog to bt<l«. 

Ho found capitaliata particularly uverwo to epoculate in a pat^nl. 
look him many dayt) tu find out what moneyed men were opeti to tiiut nort 
of thing at all ; and, when be got to them, they were cold. They bad all 
bcea recently bitten by hurcbrained invcntois. 

llu'li he nypn-Mi'QtM that it was a matter of judgment, and iifferefl Wi 
pnire by B^^cs that his vaw-griading macbtOL's must n>turu tbtA« 
hniidred por cent. Those be applied to would cot t«ko the tronlilo to 
study his figures. In other words bo came at the wrong time. And tlie 
wTOog time la aa bad as the wrong thing, or worse. Takd a note of thai 
{Uettso : and tbcu forf^rt it. 
I At lfi«t be gave iij* Lfindou iu despair, utd atarted for Uirminghaut. 

ITbu tnu'a stopped ut Tring, and, aa it waa going on again, a man 
townrdM tho thtrd-elasa carnage Little wafl aoatod in. One of the mt 
of the company tried to Ktup him, very properly. He strugglvd with 
oflctal, and eveatnally ttUnoV him i>ff. M hi- Iruiii was ic 

ita pB04. In spito of that, this peraoDn^' ' '-i run and a l" 
h»if tcapijig, hall acnuabUn^ j^ hui hood nud oboolduii urflr th« dc 


and th«Te oscillated, till Little grabbed bim vitb botli hands, and drew 
him poTcrfallj in, and admomahed hini. "That is a fool-hardy (rielt, 
air, begging your pardou." 

"Young man," [iaot«d the inrader, **do you Imov who you're a 
Bpuidng to ? " 

" No. The Emperor of ChinA ? " 

'■ No such tnah ; it's Ben Bolt, n man that's bad to beat." 

" Well, you'U got bent somu day, if yoti go jumping in and out of 
traina in motion." 

" A many bara beeo killed that vfty," Boggestfid a huge wtmuut in 
the comur wilU tliu meekeiit and most Umid voice imaginable. 

Mr. Bult tiyed tUo speaker with a hnmoroos glance. *' Well, if I'm ever 
killed thai way, I'll 8«ud you a letter by thu potil. Got a sweetheart, ma'am ?" 

" I'to got a good husband, sir," said she, with mild d^city. and 
pointed to a thin, sonr personage opposite, witb his nose in a newspaper. 
Deep in somu public question, he ignored thta UiUd private inquiry. 

*< That's unlucky," stud Bolt, "for here am I, just landed from 
Victoria, aud tuuntiy iu both pocketK. Aud wheiv do yvu think I am 
going now ? to Chestor, to 8oo my father nD<I mother, and show them 
I was right after aU. They wanted me to go to acboot : I wouldn't. 
Leathered me ; I bowled, but wouldn't apell ; I was always bad to beat. 
NbxI thing was, they wanted to make a tanntr of mo. I wouldn't. < Oiru 
me fifty poimda sod let me try tlie world,' says I. Thcif wouldn't. Wu 
qnairelled. My oude interfered one day, and gave me fifty pounds. 
' Go to the devil,' said he, ' if you like ; Ro as you don't come back.' 
I weut to Sydney, aud doubled my fiily ; got u nheup-ruD, aud turned my 
hundred into a thousand. Then they found gold, and tliat brought up 
n dozen ways of making money, all of 'cm bett«;r than digging. Why, 
ma'am, 1 made ten thousand pounds by selUng the beastliest lemonade 
you ever tasteU for gold-dust at tbo mines. That was a good nwop, 
waHu't it ? So now I'm come home to 8e« if I can stand the old couutiy 
aud its ways ; and Fm going to see the old folk. I haven't heard a woi'd. 
nbuut tli»m thin twenty yours." 

*' Oh, dear, sir," said the meek woman, " twenty yeiirs is a long time, 
I hope yon won't find them dead an' bnriod." 

''Don't say that; don't say that!" And the tuogh, rough man 
tthowod a grain of feoUug. He soon recovered himself, though, and said 
more obatreporoiisly than ever, *'If they are, I disouii 'om. None of 
your faiut-hearted people ttir me. 1 dcspi-ie n clutp that gives iu before 
eighty. I'm Ben Bolt, that is bftd to bent. Death himself iai't going 
to howl me oat till I've had my innings." 

" La, air ; pray duu't talk so, or you'U anger Ihom above, and ten 
to one ujieet the train." 

Li< That's one for me, aud two for yoanelf, ma'am." 
^tw, sir," said the mild sonl. '• I have got my huBbaod with me, 
uid yoa ore only a bachelor, air." 



" How d'yo know Ihal ? '* 

"I tiiirtk you'd ha' been softened down a bit, if you'd eyer had a 
good wife." 

" Ob. it is beoAiua I epeak load. That is with bivwltuf! to my 
Rliepherdfl half a milo off. Why, iri'm loud, Tm civil. Now, young duui, 
what is t/our troulile ? " 

Henry startpd from his ro?erio, and looTccd astonished. 

•' Oat with it," shonted Mr. lit>tt ; " dou't set grizzlilig titen. What 
with this lady'8 husband, dead and buried tn that there Dewspopur, and 
jou, that Bets brooding like a hen over one egg, it's a Qaakera* me«tiug, 
or nearly. If you've been and mnnlered anybody, tell us all about it. 
Once off your mind you'll bo more sociablo." 

" A maa'B thoughts are his own, &fr. Bolt. I'm not so fond of talking 
aboul myself as you seem to be." 

" Oh, I coo talk, or I can listen. Bat you won't do neither. Pretty 
eompauy t/ou are, a hatching of your e^." 

" Well, fvir," tiiiid tho nie«k woman to Henry, *' the rough gentleman 
he is right. If yon are in trouble, the host way is to let your tongoa pat 
it off yonr heart." 

"I'm sure you ore very kind," said Henry, "but really my trouble 
is one of those oat-of-the<way things thut du not interest people, liow* 
ever, the long and the short is, I'm ao inventor. I have invented several 
tbingB, and kept them dork, and they have jwd me. I Uva at Hillsborough. 
But now I have found a way of grinding long saws and cin-nlar saws by 
machinery, at a saving of five hundred per cent, labour. That saving 
of labour represents an enormous profit, — a large fortune; so I Imre 
patentdd the invention, at my own expense. But I eau't work it wttho' 
a capitalifit. Well, I havo ransacked London, and all tlio moneyed mi 
shy ms. The fuoU will go into railways, and bubl)U>B. rind a lot of 
that u« blind chance, but they won't evuu study my drawings, and fi, 
and I've made it clear enough loo." 

" I'm not of their mind then," Raid Bolt. " Uy rule is never to I< 
another man work my money. Ho ruilwny shares nor gold mines for 
Ben Boll. My money goes wiUi me, and I gotei with my money." 

" Then you are a man of aonso ; and I only wiah you hod mone; 
enough to go into this with me." 

" How do you know how ninch monoy I've got ? Yon show me h 
to torn twenty Ihoosand into forty thuuauud. or forty thousand into 
«^ty thon»ind. tuid I'll goon find the monoy." 

*'0b, I cuuiJ bIiuw you haw to turn fifl«eu Uuinsand into fiAj 
thousand." Ho thuo unlocked his black bag, and showed Bolt m 
dimwin^i (hat reproteut«d tha grinden by hand at work on long 
and dnmlar saws. •' Thia." said he, " is th« pre«eut «yi«t«m." He tlw 
poinliMl oat its ddfocta. "And this." i<aid ho, " is what I propose 
sabKtitule. " Then he showed htm drawings of bia machines at worit: 
*> And (hww RgotiM xv}iztsQDt the saving in labuor. ^ov, in this branch 


PttT TOdBS£lJ^ m BTS PUC£. 

of cntleij, Uie laboar is the mnnnriutarcr'g moio exp«DB«. Malco t«n 

moa grind wlint &Ay used, yoa put fortj workmen's wages in jour 


" Thaffl tall talk." 

*' Kot Hit inch tuUer than tho truth." 
Mr. Bolt studied the drawings, and, from ohntrcperong, became <iiut« quiet 
and abeorbod. PrcsoDtJjr he asked Hcory to change places with him ; audf 
Du this being complied with, he axked the meek womau to read him 
Hcury*fl figures slowly. She stared, but complied. Mr. Boll pondt^red 
tho figures, and uxamiued tho drawings agalu. Ue thon pot a number 
of quefllion» to Henry, some of them ver)' shrewd ; and, at last, got so 
utterestod iu tho afldir, th»t he would talk of uuihiug else. 

As the train Klackeued for Bimungham, he said to Henry, " I'm no 
great echolar ; I like to seo things in the body. On wo go to Hills- 

" But I wont to talk to a oapilftlial or two at Birmiugham." 

" That is not fair ; I'vo got the refusal." 

" The deuce you hsTe I " 

*■ Yes, I've gone into it with yon ; and the others wouldn't 
Said so yourself." 

" Well, but, Mr. Bolt, are yun really in earnest ? Burely thin is quite 
out of your line?" 

" How can it be out of my line if it pays 7 I've bought and sold sheep, 
and wool, and land, and water, iuid housed, and tents, and old clothe*, 
and coflee, and tulniccu, oud cubii. And swojiped^my eye, how I have 
Bwoppitd I Vvo swopped a housemaid under articles for a pew in the 
church, and a milch row for a wlmle tbiit wasn't even killed yet ; I paid 
for the chance. I'm at oU in the ring, and devilish bad to beat. Uere 
goes — high, low, Jack, luid tho gome." 

" Did you over deal iu small beer ? " asketl Henty, satirically. 

" Ko," said Boil, iuuiKvnOy. " But I would in a minute if I saw clear 
to the nimble shilling. Well, will you come on to Hillsborough and settle 
this ? I'vD got the refusal for twouty-foor hours I consider." 

" Ob, if you think so, I will go on to Hillsborough. But you said you 
wero going to see your parents, after twenty years* absence and silcnee." 

"Bo I am ; but they can keep : wbat signilies a day or two more 
after twenty years ? " He added, rather severely, as one whose superior 
age entilled him to pky the monitor, " Young man, I never make a toil 
of ft plMsun." 

" No more do I. But how does that apply to visititig your parents 9 " 

** If I was to neglect business to gratify my fueltuge, I sliuuld be 
grizzling all the time ; and wonldn't that be making a toil of a pleasure ? " 

Henry ooold only grin in reply to this beautiful piec« of reasoning ; 
and that same afl«nioon the pair were in Hillsborough, and Mr. Bolt, 
nudiir Uonry's guidance, iufli>ect«d the grinding of heavy saws, both long 
and circular. He noted, at Ueur^'s retiuetit, tho heavy, diity tahoi 


Hu then mountect lo the studio, and there Henry lectured ou hia tnodeto, 
and ebowed them working. Bolt took it all iii, his eye flushed, aud th«a 
be pat on, for the first time, the coldness of the pmetiei^d denier. " It 
would take a good deal of mooej to work this properlv," sud he, shaking 
his head. 

" It haa taken a good deal of hrninn to invent it." 

'* Ko doabt, no daabt. Well, if you vant mo to join yon, it most !>•_ 
on soitahle terms. Money is tight." 

" Well, propose yoor own tenna." 

" That's not my vray. 111 think it over before I pot uiy UnaJ Ut 
pnper. Give mo till to-morrow." 

" Certainly." 

On this Mr. fiolt went otfas if ho had been shot. 

He retunicd next day, and laid before Henry an agreement diiiwu by 
the sharpest attorney in Hillsborough, and written in h clerk's hand. 
"There," said he, briekly, "yon sign that, and I'll make my nuirk, and 
nt it we go." 

"Stop a bit," said Henry. '• You've been to a lawyer, have you ? 
Then I must go to oca too ; fair play's a jewel." 

Bolt looked disiLppointed ; but the next moment he affected cheeirAil- 
ue«e, and said, " That is fair. Take it to your lavtyer directly." 

" I will," Raid Henry ; but, iustend of a lawyer, he took it tohia fnend 
Doctor Amboync, told him all abont Bcu Bolt, and hefted his advice on 
the agntenient. " Ought he to have the lion's ehare like thin ? " 

'* The moneyed man generally takea that. Ko commodity is aobl eo 
far beyond iIh value iu> money. Let ma read it." 

Thu purport of the agreement was as follows : — New premises lu U? 
built by Bolt, a portion of the building to be coDstructed ao thai it coold 
bti easily watched night and day, and in that part the patent suw-^'rludiug 
marbiuos to be worked. The expensea of this building to be paid oil* by 
dcgreei! out of the groAs receipts, aud meanwhile Mr. Bolt was to receive 
five per caai. inti'reM for bis outlay and two-lhirds of the profits, if uay, 
Mr. LittJo to dispose of his present factor^*, and confine his patents to tlio 
joint opttnitlon. 

Doctor Am)>o}'uo, on mature consideration, adv)sc<d XJtUe to suhmii io 

the conditionB, except the clause ooufining his opemtioiia and bm 

pats. They just drew their pen throogh that i-lanse, m^ 'la 

ended agroemoDt to Bolt's hot«l. He demurred to the aii . ; 

but Honrj' stood firm, luid pniposed a conference uf foiu". 'Itiis took 
place at Doctor Amboyne's house, and, at lost, the ngrvutut^'ut was thint 
modified : the nse of the pat«»nle in Uillsburtiogh 1u 1m eonfined to iba 
firm nf Butt and LitUe ; but tatUu lo bo fr»e (o w\\ thoni, or ' 
in any othxr town, aud aUu free, iu Uilbibuniugh, to grind sa^\- 1, 

or do any oUicr eatahiithed wiK-mtion of tJUlJc-rr. 

I'bL' partiefi signed t and I'olt went to work in oaroGst. With all Mb 
rti&olutit>u, ho did not lack prudence. He wont iaUj the eubaibii for bis 



BiUs and bongbt a Urge piece uf groocd. IIo adrortiiioil for cootracU and 
plans, mid brought Ui«m all to Honrr, and profited b>' his pravtictl remarks. 

Ho u-amed iho buUdcfa it must bo a fbrtrdss, m well as a factor; ; 
but, at Honry'8 particnlar ret^nest, be mtblioUl tbe prccine reason. " I'm 
not to bo rattened." said he. " I mean to stop thnt little gnme. I'm 
Ben Bolt, tbatu bad to boat." 

At last the tuuder of Mr. Whito was occoplod, and, as Mr. Bolt, 
experieoeod in the delays of boilderB, tied him tight un to time, he, on 
bifl part, nuule a prompt and stringent contract witb Messrs. Wbitbroad, 
the brtckmakers, and began to dig the fooudiitions. 

All this Henry eonuutuiicatod to Qntce, and vruB iu high spirits orer 
it, and tben so was abe. Ho bad a heaotiful fnuue made for the Uttlu 
pictore she had given him, and hung it up in his studio. It became the 
preuding genius, and indiH-d the animating spirit, of bin Ufo. 

Both to bim and Grace the brigbt and hopeful period of their love Lad 
come at lost. £vt!D Bolt contributed Bomotbing to Little's bappineA^. 
The man, hard tM he was iu busiueafl. was not vrithout a c«rttiin rou^h 
geniality ; and then be wns so bridle and hnstliug. Uis exuberant t-nergv' 
pleased the inventor, and funned an agreeable relief to his reveries and 
deep fits of study. 

The prospect was hrtgbt, and the air sunny. In the midst of all 
vrhich there roue in the horizon a cloud, like that seen by Fil^.ih'fl mnnut, 
a cloud no bigger than a nian'a bund. 

Bolt barst into the sLadio one day, like a shell, and, like a sht-ll, 

'' Here's a pretty go I Wo are all at a ataudxtiU. The bricbuakcn 
have stroek." 

*' Why, what is the matter ? " 

" Fourpenee. Young AMutbread, onr brickioaker's son, ia like yon — 
a bit of an inrt-ntor : he tillered the shape of the brickn, to fit a 
li»ud-mH<^hiu«, 8ud WliithroadH ruclumed to nivu Icupcueu & tbonsan^ 
Thf briutcninken i)lijerli.>d directly. Whitbreadft didn't wnnt n row, bo 
they offered to sbure the profit. The men Bont two of their orators to 
parlor : I was standing by \Vhitliri>ad when tbey came up ; yoa should 
have heard 'um ; anybody ironld have sworn the servants were uiaster»,j 
nibd the motiters negro k]iivl>h. ^\1iou the nvrvautM luid hcotoreti A 
bit, the musters, meek and mild, said tht.'y would give them bixpeuce out 
of the tenpence eooaer than they should feel disMtiBtied. No ; that 
wouldn't do. * Well, then,* says young Whilbread. 'are yoa agreed wluil 
Trill do :> ' • Well,' mA one of the tcrvonts, * vo *riU ailow ^m to mak< 
l/u> hitlis, if you give us tho teupeuee.' " 

" That was cool," said Henry. " To be sons all bnunlesei 
try to starre inventioo." 

" Yes, my man ; and >'ou pfnniibled at my taking two-thirds. Labour 
h harder on you iiireniors than rapitid is, you see. Wl'II, I told 't-ni f 
vrondered iit tboir chutjk ; bnt the old mnu flopped mo, and sjwke •juilo 

2 PCt YOUnsELT Ei 313 PLACE. 

mQi : eaya he, ' You are too hard on na ; ve oaght to gain a trifle hy 
our own improvement ; if it hnil como from jou, we Bhould p»y you for 
it ; ' and he should sland by his offer of sixpence. So then tho men told 
them it would he the worfie for them, and the old gentleman gave ■ bit of 
sigh, and fittid ho couldn't help that, he must Ure in the trade, or leftve it* 
ha didn't much rare which. Next moraiag thoy all strncJi work ; and 
there we are — slopped." 

"Well," said Henry, "it is proroking; but yon mtutn't ask mo to 
meddle. It'i your bnainess." 

" It is, and I'll ehow vou I'm bad to beat." With thin dongliiy 
rcmlvc he went off and drove the coDtrartoni : they drove the brickmakera, 
and the brickmakers got fresh hands from a distance, and the pronuH of 
some more. 

Suit rubbed hla han<la, and kept popping into the yard to see how th^ 
got cm. \iy tbtn mentis ho witnesitrd mi iucidunt familiar to brickmakem 
ill that district, hut new to him. Koddeulj load cries of pain were board, 
and two of the brickmakers held np Imndii covered with blood, and tmns- 
fixed by needles. Some ruffian had filled the clay with needles. The 
Buffcrent were both disabled, and one went to the hospital. Tempered 
clay ODou({U to make two buudrt-d iboudand bricks had been noedldd, and 
had to he cleared away at a loHS of time and material. 

Bolt went and told Heniy, and it only worried him ; ha could do 
nothing. Bolt wont and hired a watchman and a dug, at his own expcuae. 
The dog was shot dead one dark uigbt, and tbe watchman's box turnod 
uTur and BJtt upon, watchman included, while the confederate« trampled 
fifty tboueond raw bricks into a shapeless mass. 

Tho brickmasters, however, atood firm, and at laat four of the old 
hands retomed to him. and accepted the sixpence profit due to the master's 
invention. Those four were coutributiou men, that i^ to sa,T they paid the 
Union a sbilhng per week for permission to make hnckfl ; but this weekly 
payment was merely a itort^of black-mail, it uutttlud them lo no ndiof 
from the Union when out of work ; so a three-weeks' strike brought Ihem 
to Btarration, and they coold co-operate no longer with the genuine Union 
men, who were relieved from the box all this lime. Kerertheless, thoagb 
tbeir poverty, and not thoir will, brought them baok to work, tbe; wore 
alt UureaU-DOd, and found thianselves in a position that merits the (sympathy 
of nil men, especially of the ver^- poor. Btarvalion on one iiide, hmj- 
goiuury Ihrcjils ou the other, from an Union which abandoned them in 
tbeir need, yet expected them to stick by it and starve. lu short, the 
said Union was no pnpil of Amboyno ; could not put itself in tho plaoo of 
these hungry men, and realize Uirir dilemma ; it could uuly %cv Ibe 
situation from its own pdint of view. From that iotellcctanl defect spraag 
a crime. On a certain dark night, Thomas Wilde, one of these coutribn- 
tion men, wag buruiug bricks alt by himself, when a bi>d}r of seven men 
came crawling up to within a UtUe distance. These moo were what the/ 
call " violiffls," ij., men on trtrike, and receiving pay from tho box. 






^^^f^ovf, vheu n TOMi stands against the firo of a kilo, he cnnnot see nuwj 
rii from him ; so five of thd " riotiuu " stood vnitiiif;, and sent tvo 
forward. ThsM two cam« np to WUdd, bod asked him ft faroor. ** £h, 
ntiater, can ^ou lot mo and my lonte lie down for ao hour by yoar fire 7 " 

" You are welcome," said houcst Wilde. Ho thdo tnrnod to break a 
piece of cool, and instantlv one of those who had accepted his hoxpitalitj 
Hlnick him on the b&ck of the heiid, nud the other five niBhod in, nod 
they all set on him, and hit him with oartlegs, and kicked him with their 
hea»-y shouH. Orpriwiwert'd an he was, be stnigglt-d away from them, 
groaoiiig and bluodiiig, taid got to a abed about thirty yards off. But 
tht!Kt> releoUess men, after a moment's hesitatioa.fullowed h i m , and rained 
blows and kicks on him ngain, till he gare himself np for dead. He cried 
out. in his despair, " Lord, have mercy on me ; they have Suished me," 
and fainted away in a pool of his own blood. But, just before he became 
ijiaeiiaiblo, he heard a vuica say, " Thou'U bum no more brieks." Theu 
the " victims " retired, leaving this great criminal for dead. 

AAer a long while be come to himself, and found his arm was broken, 
and his body covered with cutii and bruises. His honse was scarcely a 
forloug distant, yet he was au boor cra'.TUng to it. His room was up a 
Hbort stair of ten steps. The steps boot him : he leaned on the roil at 
the bottom, and caUed out pit^>onsly, " My wife ! my wife I my wife 1 " 
three times. 

Mrs. Wilde ran down to him. o&d caught hold of his baud, and said, 
" Whfitover is to do ? " 

When she took his hand the pain made him groau, and she felt 
Romethiug drip ou to ber hiiud. It was blood Irom his wounded arm. 
Then she was terrified, and, strong with excitement, she nuuuged to get 
him into the house and lay him on the floor. 8h« asked h^, bad he 
iaUen off the kiln ? Ho tried to reply, bat ooold not, and fainted again. 
I'his time he was inscnsibSe for sevoml hours. In the monuDg he came 
to, and tuld his cruel »tur)< tu Whitbread, i^lt, and others. Boll and 
Wbitbread took it most to heart. Bolt went to Mr. Rausome, and put 
the cMo in hi» hands. 

Itansomo mode this remark: — "Ah, yon ore a stranger, sir. The 
folk hereaboats never come to as in those Union cases. I'll atiend to it, 
trost me." 

Bolt went with this tragedy to Henry, and it worried him ; but he 
could do Qothbag. " Mr. Bolt," said he, " I think you are making your 
own dilEcullieB. Why qoarrol with the Brickiiiakvns' Uuiou 7 Surely 
that is sapordnoQB." 

" ^^'hy, it is thorn that ij^narrelled with me ; and I'm Ben Bolt, that is 
bad to boat." Hs armed himself with guu and revolver, and watched the 
Whitbruwls' ynrd himself at night. 

Two davti aAur this, young Whitbread's wife received an aDonymons 
letter, advisiug her, as a friend, to avert tlie impending fate of her 
husband, by persuading him to dismiss the police and take back his Hands. 



Tfa« lelttiT con«la(led mth this «eot«nce. " Ho ie geaenlly ren] 
Lmt we bare como to n determination to Bhool him." 

YouDg "VNTiitbrciKi took no itpparcnt noUc« of this, nod, soon aA< 
wards, the sccrctarj of the Union proposed a conference. Bolt got wii 
of this, and vras then wheu the orators c&me. The deputation arri^ 
und, after a very short preamble, offered to Uke the sixpence. 

" "Why," said Bolt, " yon must be joking. Those aro the tcnna pot 
Wilde cAiue bnck on, and yon hnvti bashed him for it." 

Old ''(N'hitbre&d looked tho men in the face, luid fuiid, gmvely, *' Toij 
iu« too loto. Yon have shed thai poor man's blood, and yoa haTo 
no nnonymouB letter to my son's wife. That Indy has gone on ber knc 
to us to leave the trade, and we hare consented. Fifteen years ago. yoi 
X^uiou vrote letters of this kind to my wife (sho vas pregnant at the tinio) 
ftud drore her into her grave, with fright and anxiety for her busbant 
You shall not kill Tom's wife as well. The trado is a poor one at 
thanks to the way yon have ground your empIuycrH dovm, and, when yo| 
to that needling oar clay, and bamiog our gear, and beating' oi 
senants to death's door, and driving our wives into the grave, wa bid rt 
good-by. Mr. Holt, I'm tho sixth brickmast^^r this TTnion has driven oi 
,of the trado by outrages during tho last ten vourB." 

" Tbou's a wron^-headed old rhap," said the Briekmokors' spokesJ 
man : " but thou chhu'I run u^^ay with phice. Them as tah^ to it 
have to tak« aa on." 

"Not so. We hflvo sold our plant to the Barton Vftcbine Brick* 
making Company ; and you maltreated them bo at starting that now tUej 
won't let a Hiiiglo Union man tiet luii foot on Uieir promises." 

The company in qacstion undo bricks better and cheaper than 
utbL'r btickmaster ; bnt, making them by machiaeiT;', were ahcat/B at wi 
with the Brirkmakers" rnion, and, whenever a good chance occurred fn 
destroying their property, it was done. They, on their part, diminish^ 
tlioso cbanceB greatly by setting up their works fire miles from tho townJ 
and by keeping aimed watchmen and police. Ouly theiie nm away ivitlt' 
tbrir profile. 

Now, when thJ» ctuupniiy came cv near Ihu town, and proctoodetl U 
work up Whitlirvitd'H cl»y, in execution of the contract with which the! 
pnrcbaM saddled Lhem, tho Urickmakera' Union held a great niceting, 
which full a hundred bricktnakcrs took part, and jMiased extraordini 
ritMolutions, and voted cxtraordinaiy sums of money, and recorded lioti 
in their bonka. These books WL*ro subw«juontly dijstrnyeil, for a reaaur 
the reiutur can easily divine who hiis luaA thiN itiuriitivi! v,\lh LU nu(Ii>r< 
^H ^ Btaoding. 

^^ Soon after that moeiiu^, •■ut-- huy. i l.-u ^nidl^cr, v*-lu> vn^ m-.L-r ftyoi 

ft to (oake a brick, for the best of all ^t.l^>>L>-, In' lived by blood aluue, 

I obwn'ed reeoonoilriufj the prumi.te^, and tluiL very ni^bt a <juiuiti( 

■ b«rrow«, atannla, and UnjU vere heaped together, naphtha poored 

I Uunu, and tho vbolu wt un firu. 


Another dark iiigbt, twcDty tboasuod bricks w«r« trampled so Doi8«- 
lesoly that the pcrpetraton were ueitber Rwa tior board. 

Bnl Bolt hired more men, pat up n notice ho nonld Hhoot ntiy intruder 
dead, uud so &i^ten«d them by hia blastering lliat they kept nwav. being 
covarda at bottom, and the bricks were rapidly mado, and buiiit, and 
noma were oren delivered : theso hrickfl were ctirted from the yard to the 
I'liildiug-site by one Harris, who hnd nothing to dn with the qnarrel ; be 
Vim a farter by profeRsion, iiud whceK-d bricks for all tUo world. 

One night this poor man's huyiitack and ctable wero all iu flames in j 
a moment, and ouMirtbly screams issued from the latter. 

The man run oat, half-naked, and his first thought vaa to aare hia 

I good grey mnro from the fire. But tbts act of homanity hnd been foroaeeti] 

id prorided agaiiui. The miMsreoiits had crept into the stable, ood 

/tied the poor docile beaat fast by the bead to the rack ; tb«u fired the straw. 

Her soreftma vere saeb as no man knew a horse could nller. Tbey 

pierced all hearts, however hard, till bur bnnit budy t)unit the burnt 

curds, and all fell togotbtu'. Uan could not aid bur. Bat God can 

■ nvoDge her. 

Aa if the poor thing could tell whether she was diawbg machine-madit 
bricks, or hand-made brieka I 

The incidc-Dt is painful to relate ; but it woidd bo anJQBl to omit it. 
It wm characteristic of that particular Union ; and, indeed, without it my 
reader could not possibly appreciate tbc brickmaking mind. 

Bolt went off with thin to Little ; but Ambt^'iM was there, and cut hiit 
abort. " I hope," stud ho, ** that the eommou Creator of tho fuur- 
^ged animal aud the two-legged beasts, will see justice done between 
bat you must not come here tormeoling my inventor with thei^e 
horrors. Your business is to relieve him of all sach worries, and let him 
invent iu [leace." 

"Ws," said Littld, " iind I haro told Mr. Bolt we cjin't avoid a 
difltoulty with the cullon). But the brickmakon^, what madness to go 
and quarrot with them I I wilt hare nothing to do with it, Mr. Boh." 

"The cutlers I Oh. I don't mind them," said Bolt. "They a|>> 
sngelfl compared with the hrickmakers. The cutlers dou't poison cows, 
aud hnmstring borsei>, and tie them to Grc : the* cutlers dou't fling bltlo 
bfiVH into wuler-pitK, uud kniH-Jc duwu liltle girbt nilh their fisla, jubi 
hocatme their Githcrs are oon-tTnion men ; tbc eutlcrtt don't strew poisoned 
applet) and oranges about, to destniy whole families like ratn. Why, t<ir, 
X IjFis Uttked with a man tho brickmakera tried to throw into builiog linte ; 
and unothrr thr>y tried to pnison with Iwor, and, when ha wouldn't drink 
it, threw vitriol iu his erea, and he's btiiid of an eye to thhi day. There's 
full half-a-dozen have had bottles of gunpowder and old nails flung into 
their roomit, ^ith Ughted fusues, Mhere tbey wure slcopiug with their 
families ; tliev call that ' bottling a miiu : ' it's a familiar phrase. I've 
seen three cripples crawUng about that havo boon set on by numbers and 
for lUb, and aa many fired at in the dark ; ono has got a slug 



in bis beail to this day. And, with tU that, the great««t eovarda in tiifi 
world, — dorco't face a man in daylight, any two of them; but I've aetn 
the voman they knocked donn with their fisU, and her danghler loo, 
A iD>o» chUd at the time. Ko, the cutters ore men, but (ho bricknuLkcn 
are beaets." 

'^All the more reason for aroidiog nlly qnarrels with the briek- 
tnakcrg," siiid Litlk'. 

Thas snubbed, Mr. Bolt retired, mnlteriog Bomething aboat " bad 
to h«at." He found Uarria crying over the ashes of his mare, aod the 
man refused to wheel any more machiDe-mado bricks. Other carters, 
being apjilied ia, refused also. They hftd received written waraing, and 
dared not vlicel one of thoee Inicka for their lives. 

The invincible Bolt bought a cart and a horse, hired two struagars. 
armed them and himself with revolvers, and carted the bricka himaalf. 
Five brickioakera waylaid him in a narrow lane; he took out his revolver, 
and told them he'd send them nJl to hoU if one laid a finger on him : at 
this rude obKervatiou they fled like sheep. 

The inviDciblc carted his bricks by day, and at night rode the horse 
uway tu au obflcure inn, and slept beside him, armed to the teeth. 

The rcfiiiU of all which wan that one day he biu^t into little's studio 
nbuutiug " Victory ! " and told him two hundred tbuuKaud bricks wem on 
the premises, and twenty bricklayers wonid be at work on the fouDdations 
that afleraooD. 

Uenry Little was much pleased at that, and when Dolt told him how 
he had carted the bricks in person, said, " You are the nuui for me ; jtm 
n^uily nrc had to beat." 

While they were congratulating each other on this hard-earned TiotonTr 
Mr. Bayne ent^jrcd. aofUy, and said, " Mr. Wliitc — to apeak to Mr. Bolt." 

•* That is the builder," said Bolt. " Show him up." 

Mr. White came in with a long face. 

" Bad news, gentlemen ; the Alachino BHckmaking Company rotirOA 
from business, driven oat of trade by Ihcir repeated losses from violence." 

"All the worve for the nation," said Bolt: "houses are a Ikuey 
article, got to be. But it doeen't matter to us. We huvo got hricks 
enough to go on iirith." 

"Plenty, sir: but that is not where the ehoo pinches now. Xhe 
iSrickmakers' Uuioo bos made it right with the Bricklayers' Union, and 
the Bricklayers' Union orders as to carl back every one of those mi 
mode bricks to the yard." 

'* See them first," said Bolt. 

" Well, sir, huvo yuu considered the alternative ? " 

"Not I. What irt it?" 

" 2fot a bricklayer in Hilleboro'. or for fifty mileii romid, will oei 
a brick for u : and if we get men from a distance they will bo Ulked 
away, or driven away, dircetly. The place is picketed on every side at 
this moment." 



£vea Bolt vnu staggered now. " Wbat U to lie done, I vronder?" 
" There's Dothing to be done, but nabmit. Whi>D two snch powcHtU 
iiuioiiB amalgamate, reeUtanoe U osoless, and the law of the land a dead 
letter. Mr. Bolt, I'm not a rich man ; I've got a large familj ; let me 
b^ of yoa to release me from the contract." 

" liVbite, yon are a car. Kolcaso yoa ? never ! " 

" rhnu, sir, I'll go through the court, and release myself." 

Henry Little waa mnch dejected by this moDstroafi and uuforeAOfln 
oLsUicIe arising ut the very throHhold of bia hopes. He felt »o sadt thai 
lit; dctcrmiued to reviTe himself with a eight of (^ce Cardeo. He ptued 
for her Dice and Toice. So he went ap to Woodbine Villa, tbough it was 
not hie day. Aa he drew neur lliat Paradise, the door opened, and 
Mr. fVcderiok Coventry camoout. The two iul-u nearly mut at the gate. 
The rejected lover came gnt, looking bright and happy, and Kaw tha 
Rceept«d lover arrive, looking deprcHHcd and careworn : be Haw iu n 
motuent something was going wrong, and turned on his heel with n glance 
of iriompb. 

Henry Little caught that glance, and stood at the i;ate black with 
rage. Ue stood there abont a miuute, and then walked slowly homo 
again: he felt he shoold quarrel with Grace if ho went in, and, by a 
Tioleut effort of Belfrastraint, ho retivced his steps ; but he went home 
sick at Iioiirt. 

Tbti mutber's eye read hiH worn face in a muuiuut. uud soou she had 
it itll out of him. It cost her a struggle not to vent bcr materual nploeu 
OD Groi'o ; but vho knew that would only moke her son more unhappy. 
Blio nd^iBed him minutely what to say to the young lady about 
Ur. Corentxy : and, a^ to the other matters, ahe said, " You have found 
Mr. Bolt not so bad tu beat an be tells you : for be is beaten, and there's aa 
end of him. Now Ivt nif try," 

" Why what cm oartli can you do in a onfie of thia kind 7 " 

" Have I ever tjuled, when you have aecoptcd my ansiBtance ? " 

*' Xo : that's true. Well, I shall be glad of your aesistanco now, 
heaven knows ; only I can't imagine *' 

" Never mind : will you lako Grace Carden if I throw Iut into your 
nrmi* ? " 

" Oh, mother, can you ask me ? " 

Mrf). Littlo rang the bell, and otderod a fly. Bcury offered to 
Accompany her. Hbe declined. " Go to bed early," vaid she, " and tnut 
to your mother. We are harder to beat sometimes than a good many 
Mr! Bolts." 

She drove to Dr. Ambaync's honse, and scut iu her name. She was 
Qsherod into the Doctoi'a study, and found him tihiTeiiug over an ononnoas 
fire. " Inflnenza." 

" Oh dear," said aha, " Tm nfi-aid yoa ate rary ill.'' 


*'Xftver miad thaU Sit down. Yon will not make mo any worse, 
yon may be sure of that." And be smiled ofieetionatdy ou her. 

" But I caou] to intrude my own Lnmblus on yon." 

" All tbe bolter. Thiit will help mo forgot mine." 

Mrs. LitUo Bost«d horsell', and. after a slight beaitatioo, 0| 
bur battery thns : — " Welt, my good friend, I am come to aak ycni ft' 
favour. It is to I17 and roconeilo my brother and me. If any oite oiui do 
it, you can." 

" Fraiw) the method, not tho man. If one conld only pergnadc yon to 
put yonr&elf in his place, and him to put himBclf in yonrs, yon Tould 
be both recoociled in fire minolAS." 

"You forget we havo been astrauged tbiH fire-aud -twenty yeara." 

" Ko, I don't. The only qaosUon is, whether yoDcan and will deviate 
fitun Ui« practice of tho world into an obcec Innntio'e Byst«ni, both of yon." 

" Tiy m< to begin." 

The Doctor'H eyeH tiparkled with Katia&ctiou. " Well, then," said bo, 
" first yon must recollect all tho differeQc^B you have seen between the 
male and femolo mind, and imagine youraelf a man." 

" Oh, dear 1 that is ro bard. Bnt I have Btndied Ueorr. Well, then 
— I have nnsexed myMlf— in imap'nation." 

" Yon are not only a man but a singlo-minded man, with a high ouS 
elear sense of obligation. Yon are a trustee, bound by lumuur to protect 
the iaterests of m certain woman and a certain child. Tho huly, tmder 
influence, wiahes to borrow her son's money, and risk it on rotten scoority. 
Yon decline, and tho lady'e husband affronts yoa. In spite of that 
affiiMit, heiDg a high-minded man, not t4) bn warped liy petty irritation, 
yon harry to your lawyers to get two thousand pounds of your own. for 
the miin who had affirontod you." 

'■ 1b that iio ? " said Miii. Little. " I wasnot aware of that." 

** I have joat Uomod it, acciduutatly, fivui tho son of the solicilur 
Raby veot to that (oImI night." 

A tear stole down Ura. Littlii'a cboeh. 

*' Now, remwnber, yon are not a woman, but a bravo, high-minded 
mau. In that eharautar yon ptty poor Ur. Xjttle, but you blame him » 
little beeaasti be fled &om trouble, and left his wi& and child in it. To 
Tou, who are Oay Baby — mind that, please — it soema egotistical and 
weak to dusurt yourwifo and child even lor the grave." (The widuw buried 
lier face and wept'. Tweutj-five yeani do something to withdraw Iha 
wl tbfl heart has cast oror the jndgmoot.) " But, whatever yon feel, 
yon utter unly n:^^, imd open yoor arms to your aiatc) . She writes back 
in HI] nf^ony. for which, being a man, yoa eiuiDot mjike all the allowance yoa 
would if yuu wurc a wouiau, and deuunnc«9 you as hor buttbiuid'H mordurer, 
and hidd yoa apeak lo her and writo to h£r 00 more, and with that she 
gow to tbu Littli'». Cau you blRme yoarsalf that, after all thin, you trmft 
for her to review youi- conduct more sc^rly, and to invito a reoonciliatian ?*' 

Urs. LitUo gave Doctor Amboyno her liund. ** Biltvr, but whulwomA 


moditnin t " sbo munaored, aud Uioo whs too overcome lo speak for a 
little wHIc. 

'* Ail, my good, n-ise friond ! " said Bho at laat, " thick doads leem 
clearbg from mv mind ; 1 he^n to sse 1 was the one to blame." 

" Yes ; nod if Ritby will hn an docile as yoa, nnd put himsolf in vouT', 
place, be will tell me be wns the one to blame. There's no BOch thing* 
as ' the one to blame ; ' there very seldom is. You judgud bim as If be 
was n woman, ho judged you ae if yoa were a miw. Enter an obesa 
mauiac, und applies the art of nrU» ; the misnnderstnndiug diiutoIvi'S uodi 
it, ami yon ore. In each otbor's arms. But, atop" — and his conntonani'e 
f«U again a little : " 1 am a&iud there is a now difficulty. Henry's reiiual 
to take the name of Raby and be bis heir. Baby was bitterly mortified, 
and I fear ho blamue mo and my crolcheti) ; fur he has never been nearj 
me oinoe. To bo miro you are noi responsible for Henry's act.'* 

" No, indeed ; for, botwcfn yon and me, it mortified mo croelly. 
And DOW things bare taken a turn, — in nhort, what with hiu lovo, and his 
jealousy, and this hopeless failan> to makt; u forlnuo by inveuting, I feel 
I con bring him to his sensed. I am not pleased with Grace Cordcu 
about Bometbiug ; Imt do mnlter, I sbnll call uu bor and nhnw her she 
must side mth mo in etuvefii. Yoa will let my brother know I wagj 
always <m hie ride in ifmi matter, whatever other offence I may hui 
gireo bim ye&ra ago." 

" And I am on your sidu, too. Your son has achieved a small indc. 
liendence. Bayne cnii carry on the littlo factory, and HcDr>' cnn st-tl or 
lonBo his patvnts ; he can never sink to a mere dependant. There, 1 
throw my crotchoU to the wind, and we will Baby yoor eon, and marry 
him to Grace OordeD." 

•' Ood bless you, my good and true friend ! How cnn I ever tfaonl 
you ? " Hi*r check tlnHhed, and her great mat«nuil eye itporkled, ondl 
half the beauty of her youth come back. Ucr gmtttado gave a tnm tu 
the conremalion which she neither expected nor doeired. 

" ifrs. Little," Raid Doctor Ambojue, "this is the first time yon have 
butcred my dou, and the place scums IruiisfDnuod by your presence. My 
youth comes back to me with the feelings I Uionght time had blunted ; but 
uo, I feel that, when you leave my den again, it will be darker than ever, if 
yon do not leave mo a hope that 3'ou will odo duy enter it for good." 

" Fur tibame ! — At our age ! " said thp widow. 

But she spoilt the remonstranee by blushing like n girl of eighteen. 

*' You are not old iu my eyes ; and, as for mo, let my years plead for 
me, since oU those years 1 hare lived single for yoar sake." 

lliiM last appeal shook Mrs. Ottlo. Hho said vhu could not entertain 
nay sufb thoughts whilst her son was uubuppy. *• But marry him lo his 
Orac*!, and then— I don't know what folly X might not bo persuaded into." 

The Doctor was quite content with thai. He said be woold go to 
Itaby. IIS soon as he eonld make the journey with uSety, taxi h^r trouhleit 
and hu: Mm'a should end. 




Mrs. Little drove borne* ■ happy mother. As for the promise she had 
snad6 her old frieod, il vexed h«r a liUie, tdio was so nsod to look at him 
{d aoDlher light ; but iib« shnigged her matomiU nhonldcre, as mncb as to 
nj, "imiCD once my Hcoi; leares me — whj iiot? " 

H She knew she taost play Ihe politiciAn a little with Henry, so aW 
Hl»peDed the battery eaotioasly. " My d«ar," amid she, at brealiful, 
^* ** good Dews I Doctor Amboyiio imdertakce to reconcito ub both to jour 

" All the better. Mr. Raby is n wroDg-hcadvd moo, bat he is r 
uoblu- minded odo, that in cerUiii." 
H " Yes, aiid I have done him iigastic^. Doctor Aiubo}-iie ha« fihown 
Hme that." 
^ Bhe said no more. One step at a time. 

Henry went up to Woodbine Villa, and Grace receired him a Little 

coldly. He aitkcd what was the matter. She said, " They tell me you 

Bwere at the very door the other day, and did not come in." 

H " II is true," Biijd be. •* Another hod just coma oat, Mr. CoTentr>-/* 

^P '' And yuii pimitibed me becaa»e that poor man had cuUc-d oo me. 

Hare yon not faith In me? or what is it? I Bhall bo angry ono of 

these days." 

*' No, yon will not, if I can make yon nnderstand my feelings. Put 
yonr«olf iu my plaoe, dearest. Here am I, fi(thtui^ tbv guod fif^ht for 
you, against long odds ; and, at lost, the brickmakcrs and bricklayerB 
hvn beat us. Kow you know that is a bitter cap for me to drink. Well. 
I oome np here for my oue drop of comfort ; and out walks my declared 
riral, looktt iuto my faco, seeH my tmnble there, and Lurus off witli a 
glaoee of insolcut triumph." (Onice ftatihcd.) "And then eomiider: I 

■ am your choice, yet I am only allowed to visit you once R week." 
** That is papa's dc^g." 
" No matter ; so it is. Yet my Hvul cnii come when be pleasea : aud 
no donht he docs cofne every other day." 

■ " You Cmcy that." 
, " It is Dot all fancy ; for — by honTcn, there be is at the gate. 

Tttita to my one ; there. Well, all the better, I'll talk to Am," 

I Ho rose from his seat black with wratli. 
Grace tamed pole, and rang the bell in a moment. 
The Berract entered the room, jovt as 3Ir. Coventry knocked a( 
Lhe door. 
" Kbt at borne to anybody," said she. 
Mr. Coventty's Toios was heard to xny beredulously, '*Ntit at 
borne?" Then bo rstired slowly, and did not luave the neighbourhood. 
U» had colled at on hour when Grace was always at home. 
Uuuy sal down, and said, " Thank you, Grace." Bat be looKvd very 
Ktoomy and disturiwl, 

Bbe sat down too, and then tliey looked at eock oU)er< 



Hoory was the first to speak. " Wo &re both pupils of Hft good 
Doctor. Put Totirseir in my pIuRC. That mim troubles oar love, and 
mokes my bcAVA* hetui a sore heart." 

The tears Tore in Grace's ctos. " Pear«st," said she, "I will not 
put mysolf in your place ; yon wonlil lose by thai, for I lovo yun better 
iban nyBcIf Yes, it is ntijtint that yon eboiild he allowfHl to viRit me bat i 
once a week, and he should visit mc when be cbooses, I assnrc yon I 
have permitted bis visits ont of pure good-natore ; and now I will put an 
cud to tbum." 

She drew ber desk towards bur, and wrote to Mr. Coventry. It took 
her some little time. Sbo baudod Henry tbo letter to read, ne look it 
in bis hand ; but hesitated. He inquired what wonld be the effect of it? 

" That ho will never visit mo again till yon and I are ntanied, or 
engaged, and that is the same thing. Why don't you read it 9 " 

'• I don't know : it goes against me somehow. Seems unmanly. Til 
lake yonr word for it." 

This charmed Grace. " Ah," said she, " I have chosen right." 

Then be kissed her bands, and blessed bor : and then she told him it 
was nothing ; he was a goose, and bad no idea what she would do for 
him ; "more tlian you would do for mo, I know," said she. 

That be denied, nnd then she said phe might perhnpH put bim to the 
proof some day. 

They were so happy togolhor, time slipped away unheeded. It wns 
full three hours before Henry could tear himself away, though he knew 
be was wanted at the worke ; and bo went ont at the gate, glowing i\-itb 
bftppinesB ; and Covcntrv, who wm ready to drop wiili the fatigue of 
walking and watching just above, saw him come out triumphant. 

Then it was his tarn to feel a deadly qnalm. However, he waited a 
litllu longer, and then made bis call. 

" Not at home." 

Henry, on his way to the works, looked m on hia mother, and told her 
how niibly Grace had behaved. 

Mrs. Little was pleased, and it smoothed down ber maternal bristles, 
and made it much easier for her to carry out her design. For the first i 
lime since Mr. Carden bad offended her by hia cold-blooded treatment of 
her son, ebe called at Woodbine Villa. 

Grace was at home to see her. and met ber with a blushing timidity, 
and piteous wistful looks, not easy to misnnderetand, nor to rr^et. 

Tbey «Joa come to an understanding, and Mrs. Uttle told flraee what 
Doctor Ambuyne had promised to do, and repreeented to her how much 
^letter it would bo far Henry to fall into Iuh ancle Raby'a views, than tol 
engage in bapcloaH fttmggles like that in which Mr. Bnlt and he bud jnst 
be«n so signally defeated. " And then, you know, my dear, you pould 
marry next month, yon two; that is to say. if vow f«lt disponed : I wifl 
answer for Henry." 


PITT TOTTBimf R ns n&fiK. 

OrMe'i red fd«« and mmining ejH told btnr tbii «!■& Wfst boBS*. ' 
In short, the muie a cDj prouuM fiict ikc voald ce-afttate -witfe 
Mrs. LHUe : " and," B&id Bbe, " bow httkj t he has aliDtMl fvanused to 
grut me the Srat fsTcmr I uk hiiD. WidL, 1 ihaD entnat him to he a 
good Dophov, ftud do whatoTer dev Mr. Bahr iski hisi. Baft of eourae I 
sball Dot say. aiul then if 50a do, yen ud I " — hm th» Tovog Udj cat 
her sentenco very thori. 

'• Of coons not," said iln. liule. " 7%«f vill iaQow a« « mmiiar ot 
ecnatx. Now. mv dfiar, yoo and X are con«piratoni — far faia good : and 
wo mnst write often and let each other know all we do." 

With this underslAiuUiig, and a good maoT [vetlj fpetdhOa and Lisbcs, 
Ihey parted. 

Doctor Amboyne did not recorer so qoiddr as they oovU hare 
wiihad ; but they employed the int^rral ; fe«len wer* adtoithr applied 
t« Heniy bj both ladira, and thoy were pleased to find tiiat he rather 
admired hie wrong- beaded uucle, and bad been deeply touched by the old 
gentleniAn'ii address to hi« mother's picture. 

Bolt never came near him, and the grass was beginning to grow on the 
rondcmucd bricks. In short, ereiythuig seemed to incline in one directiun. 

There was, howorerf something T&y seriooa going on onL of thtur 
aight. ^ 

" Kot at home ! " Thai white tie made "Sir. Corentiy feci aick ml 
heark Uo went home disconsolate. The same erenlng he received Hin 
Carden's letter. 

The writer treated him like a gentlemui, said a few words abont her 
(iwu pi-tTulior jMeitioo, and begged him to conidder that positioo^ and to be 
very gcDL'ruuB ; to eeaao his nstts entirely for the prvsentv and so giTtt 
bimaelf one more title lo her eeteem, which was all she had to gire him. 
This was the pnrport, and the manner was simply poriect, so gentle yvi 
firm : and thun she flattered his amour propre by asking that &om his 
generosity which fdie eonld hsTe taken as a right : she did all Kbe could 
ti) tiofton the blow. Bui she &iled. The Intter khh posted too soon after 
Ueniy's Tisit. itelund the velvet paw that stnick him, Coventry saw tba 
daws of the jealotu lover. Ue boiled with rage and agony, and corsed 
Uiem lx>tb lit bis fury. 

Aftrr iiti hour or two of phrenzj, be aot down, and wrote bock a 
IoIUt full or bitter ruprotirbes and raeen. Ho roilocted. He ligbted 
a oigar and amuked it, tiiting it almost through, now and then. £Io 
bnnwd Ills lt)it«r. Hu lay awake all nigbt, ra^ng and reflecting alter- 
nately, aa paiBOD or jndgment got the npper biind. 

In the ffioming he saw clearer. " Pon't quarrel with her. Doittoy 
Aim." He saw this as jdainly u if it was written. 

He wnitD Qrmce a few noil lino*, to itsy that of coqikc in siibmiUi.-tJ tii 
bar will. The loUer undtid thus :. *' Hinoe J ran do Dotbirtf^ to pleatu) you, 
lifl me suffer to plt^ise yon : rvcn tbat m Bom«tluiif;." (Tbiti \i<\Xat brougbt 
llio U^ia* lo Green 'n nvoti, iind «bo plUrd ucil fHtz-itmr-tl Dio wtjtcr.) 





) pnl OS B plain nut, and drovo Into HiUsborongb» bnnuog with 
less of Tengeane«. He had no idea whAl ho should do ; bat be was 
id to do somothiug. He felt oapahle of assaesinating Little with 
hifl owa hand. 

I ttbould be eort^ to galti any eympalbf for htm ; bat it it ool; fair 
Ihn render should ttndorstiind thnt be felt deeply aggrieved, and that we 
i^Uould &1I feel aggriered under amilar circnmiitaDcefl. Prioritj is a title, 
all the world otbt; and he had been the lady's lover first, had been 
CDt'Ouragiid, and supplanted. 

LoDKing to wotiad, bat not knowing how to strike, he wandered about 
the town, and went into sercml foctoricH, and talked to uume of the nien, 
and contrived to bring the conversation round to Little, and learn what 
he was doing. Bat he gathered no infurmation of any tisc to him. Thou 
he went to Grotait's place, and tried to pump him. Thnt angacious man 
Uiutight thiH odd, and immediately conpltMl this with his prcviooa dennn* 
L'iRtion of Little, and drew him on. 

CoTenlr>- n-ua too mnch under the iuHueuco of ]>assion to be qnito 
master of himself that day ; aud ho betrayed to this other Machiavol thai 
he wiehed ill to Henry I^ittle. Aa soon as he had thoroughly nacertaiued 
tbist Orotait tamed cooUy on him, and f>aid, " I am sonr Mr. Little has 
got encmica ; for ha and his partner talk of building a new factory, and 
that will he a good thing for as : take a score of uw-grindera off the 
box." Then Coventry saw bo had made a mifitake, and left " Tho Cntlor'a 
Anna " abruptly. 

Next day he took a lodpng in the town, and went aboat gropiog for 
information, and hnnting for a man, whose focc he knew, but not his 
namo. He learned all about Bolt and little's vain endeavour to build, 
and went and saw the place, and the condemned hrioks. The sight 
gratified him. He visited every saw-griudi<r'» plucii be roiild bear of; 
and, at last, be fell in with Sam Cole, nnd recognized him nt once. That 
worthy affected not to know him, and went on giiuding a big saw. 
Coventry stepped up to him, and said in hia car, *' I want to speak with 
you. Make an appointment." 

Cole looked rather Hulky and reluctant at being drawn from his 
obscurity. However, be named a low pnblic-houw, in a liack slum, and 
there thene two met that night, and for greater priracy vtere soon seated 
in a pUoe biggar than a box aud Bmaller than a room, with discoloured 
%^ulle, and a rough wooden table before them, splashed with beer. It 
looked Iho very den to hatch villany in, and drink poieou to its success. 

Coventiy, pale and red attrmatuly. as fear and shame predominalod, 
bC0Ui to beat about the bush. 

•' Ton and I bard reason to bate the same man. Ton know who I mean." 

"leangoesa. B^ns with a Hel." 

** Ho has wronged me deeply ; and he bnrt yon." 

"Thai is true, sir. I think ha broke my wiikdpipe, for I'm as hoano as 
a raven ovor sicca : and I've got one or two of the shot in my cheek still." 


KT TKHnscLF 15 ns njc& 


■ •• Well, I ilao't kBMr kbaaC ttirt. Wlk^ h* 

^^m Cowby tft Ui Bp wiA BfiticBai. 

H JUIcrftpngB.tenU,»*Wl»tw«rejaapaifarlkatjok9 

■ "Twniypflokaa?'* 

■ "SoTMCUivfikeit" 

^H "IH^ra jtM •hmdnd to 4a B apia. od^ boi* 

H^ Inaea mr pdb «1mb ha kl MJe Ob oftr. 
H '■AJ^''audCal«, •« HijrbiMiy cooU tel rai 

H "ToaaenpCBjofer, ftes?" 

**5sf. I mmn k n Msy to Me jot don't buv taaiH. I 
HNddk with Mr. littb nam; he k n^ wiifc t^ taOe." 

*• WhaU not if I par yoo fir* tiaaa •■ Bacfc f Mr ten tiaM ften ; two 
haaind ponadiL'' 

*' Nay, im Unos efasf* an not iB a Trfwii wi t . Tob ou't ben- as to ^ian 
n imnlijiiiillin, BMit. We bne got amt Ian. nA fkef in jut oaeo, tai. 
If knniriDlw«akdkaB.mlUr dnemnia^tlM nrfw h |:i«iB to 'do' ham, 
■od the meo ere oemed for the job ; mad get paid a trifle Sor tlieir riak ; 
■Ddthenekie aot roach, the trade etand hjoae another too trae, and ins* 
maaf mtjt, Bot if a iBan is ri^ with the tnde, ft ia traaaoH to 
him. So, I nran't more a tagsr ■gMnol little.** 

" Ton have aet op a cooscieiieo I " said Cowotij lHa^. 

■*Yoa dropped tooib. and 1 pkked it np," waa the TnAihiiaaan ■ 
ready reply. He waa nettled BOT. 

At this moment the door waa op c aed aod dot rtrj wifily. aod a 
whisper eame in throogh the mnmenlaty apoiore. ** Mind toot ojv, San 

Cormtiy rruhed to the door, and looked oat : Iboe vm nobodj io be 


*' Too oeedn't trooble joonelf," said Cole. " Too mi^t as wvJ] nm 
after the wind. That was a friendly vanuog. I know the voice, and 
Chtitait most be on to os. Xow. air, if roa offered roe a thonaand pooodt, 
I woaldn't braeh a hair of Mr. Little : he is right with the trade, aod we 
ehoidd have Orotait and aU the trade is bitter ae death egainet na. IH 
t^ ytm a aeoet dr. that Fre kept from mj wife" — (be lowered hig «oice to 
a whiapery— " Grotatl eoold haog me aov dor he cbow. Yoo most ehitik 
yoorbnaa io soae other ear, ae the sBTing U : aaiy miud, too done me a 
good tmra osee* tad FU do jon one m}w ; jon hare been tatkiog to «une- 
body elae baddeo roe, and blown TonTW>Jf : no now drop ;oar tittle 
and let liltte aloiM, or the trade will make it their job to lag you," 

Covntry'e bee bctrarvd w much alarm, that the man added, •*, 
pnal Rerritade wonI<1n't vait the like* of yon. Keeii nul nf it." 

With Ihb roogfa adrico the ooofirrouM anded, and Mr. Coventry w*d( 
IkaoM tbofoo^ljr eheken in hie parpom, ud indeed not » liule aosioi 



on Ittfl OTTH fteconnt. Sappose La bad been orcrheard 1 his offer to Cold 
wan no ofiboco within rcfteh nf Uiu crimiiiftl taw. Wliat a myiiteriouei 
lab^Tinth waa tbiH Trndc c<iDfo<k'ra«y, inlu wtiicb he bad put bia Toot ao 
r»sb]y. acd abown bin pamo, like a Dovico, to the subtle uod crafty 
Orotait. Ho now t-^itiveivd idl bis powers, liot to ii^oro Little, bat to slip 
out of his owu blunder. 

He seized this opportunitv to carry mil n i-i>iip be bad long meditated: 
he went rauod to a dozen timber- mtMxUiun Ik, and contracted with them for 
the aate of every tree, old or yonng, on bia estate ; and, while the trees 
were &ming like grain, and tbe agents ou both sides meaanriDg the fallen, 
be Tanisbed entirely from Hillsborough and Bollingbope. 

Doctor Amboyno's influenza waa obsliuatc, and it waa nearly a fort- 
night before be was xtroiig cnongb to go to Caimhopo ; but, nt Utat, Mn. 
Little received n line from bun, to say he vras just startiiig, and vonld 
come straight to her ou bia return ; perhapa she \roaldgive him a cup of tea. 

This letter camo ven,' opportuui'ly. Bolt had never shown his tiico 
ngiiia ; and Hcniy had gireu ap all hopes of working bis putoats, and had 
anid more than once be HhoTiM have to cross tbe water and rcII them. 

.\8 for Ttln. Little, nhe had for some time maintained a politic silence. 
But now she prt-jmred for tbe Doctor's nsil ae follows : •' So, then, you 
have no more hopes from the invincible Mr. Bolt ?" 

" None wbatevttr. Ha must bare letl the town in diHgust." 

" He i.s a wise man. 1 wont ynu to imitate bis example. Homy, my 
dear, what is the great object of your life at prewnt ? Is it not to miury 
Grace Cardeu?" 

" You know it 18." 

" Then take her from my bunds. Why do you look i^o astonished 7 
Have yon forgotten my liiUo boast ? " Then, in a very different tone, 
'* Yon will love youi' poor mother etill, ^ben yoa are married ? You will 
Bivy, ' I owe her my wife,' will you not?" 

Houry was bo pu?.yJed bo could not reply oven to this touching appeal, 
made with eyes full of tears at the thought of parting with him. 

Mrs. Ijittlc proccudc-d to explain : •* Lot me begin at the begimiing. 
Dr. Ambo^iiu baK Hbown me I nas more to blame than your uiude was. 
Would yoQ Iwlicve it, although be refused your poor father the trust- 
money, be went that moment to gel 2,000/. of his owu, and lend it to ns ? 
Ob, Heoiy, when Dr. Amboyne told me that, and opened my eyes, I 
could have tlu'nnT) mynelf at poor Guy's feet. I hare been tbe most to 
blomv in our imbuppy tjuurrel ; aud I have sent Dr. Amboyne (o any so. 
Now, Henry, my brother wilt forgive mo, the Doctor nays; and, oh, my 
heart yearns to be reconciled. You will not stand in my way. dearest ?'* 

•'Not UMy. ^\'^ly. I am under obligations to him, for my part." 

•*Yt'S, bill Doctor Amlmyue says dear Guy is deeply mortified by 
your reAiSAl to be hia botr. For my sake, for yonr oitu sake, and for 
Grnco Canton's sake, change yonr mind now." 

VOL. zxi.— xo. 121. ft. 


■■'Wktl, go tnlo bia iKmBO, ftod wnit for denA men's fihoeg I Hat 
■jurif aoilM djij wwlung in my heart thiit nnblo okl fellow would Ht I 
Baefc a fife tiinu a mao's st^mttch uvcu to lUiuk of it." 

"Vo, DO. Doctor Ambojne sajs that Hy. llayne can conduct 
taBDcaa boe, aad hand yoa a little incomo, without joar moddlmg.' 

" lU if true." 

"Aftdt 90 tor joar patents, gentlemen can sell thorn to trad 
leaae Qum otiL My broUicr would make n. aottlt-muDt on Grnco lud 
•he m hif god-daoghtcr — now that is all Mz. Carden domands. Thm 
Toa coold marry, and, on jotir ^mnll present income, make a little tov 
to^thn* : and dispose of your patents in other pkuoa." 

" I fonld do great thinga urith them in the United Statos." 

" That is a long way." 

** ^Tiy, it is only twelve daya." 

" Well, marn- firet," said the politic mother. 

Heniy flushed nil over. *' Ah I " said he, " yon tempt me 
seems to open its gatcn as yon speak. But yoa cannot be in earnest ; 
made H an express oonditton I should drop my father's name, and 
his. Disown my poor dead father I No, no, no 1 " 

Xow ia reality this oonditiou was wormwood to Mrs. Little ; bat 
knew that if ohe let her sod see her fueling, all was oyw. She wtis all 
mother now, and fighting (or her eon's happiness : so she soorificod traUi 
to lore with an effort, but without a scmplo. "It h not aa if it wu > 
stnnge name. Uemy. yon compel me to aay things thai tear my b< 
say, bat — which has been your best friend, your mother, or your 
dear father ? " 

Henry was griered at the question : bat he was a man who tazned 
bis back on nothing. " My father loved me," said he : "I can remaaUm 
that ; bnt be deserted me, and yoa, in trouble ; hnt yoa— yon tuiTe 
Hend, parent, lo^-er, and guardian angel to me. And, oh, how 
hare done to dcscrrc it all." 

•' WcU, dear, the mother yon valno so highly, her namo was 
Yee, hve; and, forgivo me, I honour and lovo my moUier'a Damo 
more than I do the name of lilUo " — (the team ran out of her eyes at 
falsehood)^" pray take it, to obbgo mo, and reconcile mo to my 
brother, and end our troubles for over." Then she wept on 2u« 
and he cried with her. 

Afl«r a while, he said, " I feol my manhood ail melting away togptho*. 
I am quite confuged. It Is hard to giro up a noble gamo. It is hard t9 
refuse such a mother as you. Don't cry any more, for meroy's aako: 
I'm Uke to choko. Mind, oiying is work I'm not uaed to. What does 
$h» say ? I am a&aid I shall win her, bnt [oge her rcspoct." ^h 

She saya she admirva your piide ; bnt yon haro shown e&OQgh. ^H 
yoQ refuse any longer, aho will begin to fear yon don't love her ma v^P 
as she lores yoa." 

This masler>etroke Tirtually ended tho battle. licnry said DoUii 



but tho signs of giving wa^ vrerg mauifwt in him, bo nuuufeBt that 
Mra. Utile became quite impatient for the Doctor's umvaJ to crovrn oU. 

Hl' drovo Dp to the door at Usl, and Hoary mu out and hrangbt him 
in. He looked pnle, and ent donn exhaasted. 

Mrs. Littlo restrained hor impatience, and said. " We are selfish 
creatore* to send yon on oar bnidnesa before yon are half well." 

" I am well enough in health," said he, " but I am quite npaet" 

" What is the matter ? Surely you have not foiled 9 Ony does not 
reftue hia foigiveoess ? " 

" No, it is not that. Ferhsp«, if I had bceu in time bat the fact 

18, Quy Raby ha« lefl Ungland." 

" What, for good ? Imptwsible I " 

" Who can fell ? All 1 kntm is that he has sold bia horses, discharged 
his sorranta all bat one, and gone abroad without a vord. I ma the 
fiiend of bia youth, — his college chum ; he most be bitterly wounded to 
go away like that, and not even let me know." 

Mrs. f iittio litlfd up bur hands. " What hnTa we dme ? what have 
wo done ? Wounded ! no wonder. Oh, my poor, wronged, innlted 
brother I" 

fiho wept bitterly, and took ii to heart so, it preyed on her health 
and spirits. She was never tho siune woman from that hour. 

Whilo her sou and h«r friend were saying all they could to console 
her, there appewod at tbo gate^the lost man any of tbom over expected 
to see — Mr. Bolt. 

Henry saw him first and said so. 

" Keep lum out," cried tho Doctor, directly. " Doo't let that bnggisg 
fool in to disturb our sorrow," He opened the door and told the Mmut* 
1^1 to say ** Kot at home." 

" Not at home," said the giil. 

" That's a lie I " Ehoutod Bolt, and ehovod hpr acide, and burst into 
the room. "None of jonr tricJui on tiuTellers," wiid he. in his ob- 
streperous way. " I saw your heads through the window. Good news, 
my boyt l'\e done the trick. I wouldn't say n word till it was all 
settled, for Brag'e a good dog, but Uoldfiut's a better, I've eold my 
boilding-atie to some gents that want to speculate in a obnreh, and I've 
made five bandied pounds profit by the saJe. I'm always right, sooa or late. 
And I've bought a bctory ready niade — the 8tar Works ; bought 'em, sir, 
with all the gear and plant, and working hands." 

" Tho Star Works 7 The largest btit one in Hillsborough 1 " 

"Ay, lad. Money and pluck together, they'll boat the world. Wo 
have got a noble place, with every conTenience. All wc have got lo do 
now is to go in and win." 

Young Little's eyes spnrklod, " All right," said be, " I like this way 
tbu best." 

tin. IiitUo Biglieil. 

6limtfses of Cbristmus in t^e ||»^s of €it! 


Cmwiwtmab rorelry in the da^s of old iru one thing in the pal&oo> aaothcr 
ia til* oomeol, a Ihinl in tho miivorsity, and a fourlh among tho people. 
At flonrt it wu mostly a Boriotis affair. Every step of the (^ames was 
carefoHv proairanged, and tho courtiers langhcd, quatT^-d, and tripped 
Bp one aoother'a heela mth th« nicest attontion to programme. That 
anomaloos penooago vith the Hibernian title, the Ruler of Mismle. waa. 
therefore, indispeDsable. In Eng^d he was a mere temporarj autocrat, 
who vanished with the holidays. But thov managed this, u well aa 
other things, differently in France, where the Merry Monarch was a per- 
manent institntiou. On his return from the crasadeB, Philip Angaatiu 
reorganiEcd tho not very reputable bond that, time out of mind, had 
fbllovod the court and miuistered to its amusement. Ho muiitored the 
females in one troop and the males in another, set a tiniit to their 
nnmberv, dreir np rules for their guidance, and placed the whole under 
the command of tho King of the Uibnlds. An imporLaut pcrsonaf^o was 
h(>, being the supremo judge of all nffenees committ^il vitliin the prorincU 
of the palace, aa well as of disputed points at play, the eiecutionor of bla 
own sentences, and the keeper of the royal doors as well as of the roy: 
dice. Ah porter he was assisted by hin banil, who were conaidcmblj 
more nsoful in their way, but hardly so splendid as tho Cent Oardes. 
The ribalds received no particular sttpeod. dressod as they liked, or as 
they could, and were generally in tatters. They were armed, too, though 
not very regally, with stout cudgels, and formed, on the whole, eoaw 
Kucfa picture as may be realized any Hue day towards harvest-time on the 
quays of Dublin or Liverpool. Their loader, however, fared and drwii 
better. An edict issued by Philip the Ilardy, 1260. fixed his salary 
six dcoicrs a year and bis boiu^, with forty sous additional fur a rabe 
a Tmlet. Dut this was the smallest part of his gains, lie rccoir 
numerous presents, was entitled to the ctotfaee of the criminals he execu 
and levied a poll-tax of fire sots a year on tho magthilenB of Paris, and 
boose-tax of two sols a woek on each of their bannts. So long as coortl 
taste* retained thetr primitive coarseness, the King of the lUbalds dit} 
Tei7 voU as master of the rcrels. On common fwcasions he drew up 
following blindfold in the tiltyard, armed them with rlnbs, and tnnibil 
piR looM anioDg Ihuro as tho prixo of tho lady or gpnllcman who '. ' t 
hiipppw to knncV it ilowu ; ho set them grinning tlimugh horni 

i.i . ' 'r»t»«y polr« ; an.l, in »bort, be mao'Uiivreil them tlirougl 

L*l III' "lis and otlvn unf!>!Uily paslimufl of t1i>> r)iMi')i Itcrntx: 



English wako. Nor was be witboat inTentioDB more recoDdite. thoogb 
hardly more refiood, for the higher holiday*. When Philip the Fair, for 
instance, entertained our EdwanI I., the King of Iho Ribalds made him- 
Bclf np as Master Reynard. Afl«r a few gambols in chanicter, ho drew 
on a, Burplico over bis foi-hide, and iang the epistle. Having aped the 
priest Bufficientlj, he assumed mitre and crosier, and apod the biahop. 
FinaUj, donning the tiara and other papal vefitments, he parsaed the 
poultry on all foors, *< bitiug iuud crunching" them aa be caught them, 
to signify tho rapacity of Uunifuce III. It was at Christmas, however, 
that the Ribald King appeared in bis might as a caterer of umoaement. 
" In one oomor of the palace," says au old chronicler, describiag one of 
his Yule pageants, " there was a group uf sarago men, who made hidnous 
grimaces and combated comicallT, Bceido tbcni were three bt'sutiful 
girls, playing the part of eutods — Ums nm-t — which was a pretty sight, and 
mngiug songs Bod anthems." And not for off was a ecaffold, whereon was 
boitt a mimic castle. This was assailed by ooo partj- representing gallant 
Frenchmen, and dcft^nded by another orrayed^how may bo conjoctorcd 
— as stupid Englishuum. The former charged to the cry of " Monljoie 
St. Denis!" and tho latter shrieked their national slogan, "Rosbif! 
Goddam ! " with ail their mi^t. The " goddams/' * of oourae, were 
vaoquiahcd, and, to tho delight of tho spoetators, " had all their throats 
cut " — in appearance only, we trust ; tbongh, considoTUkg the character of 
the timoa, when a bit of slaughter was often no more than u good j«8t, it 
WDold have been moro satisfactory if the annalist had said as much. As 
leU«rs progressed these rude spectacles fell out of bahton, and with them 
the King of the Ribalds. Being ousted from the control of the revuU by 
the male favourite of the day. he gradually subitidud into a mere execu- 
tioner, ^ally disappearing with bis crew daring the ascendancy of Agnes 
Sorel ; the lost who bore the title being Btephen Uusleuu, who died ** in 
his honse in tho Rue des Juits" in 1118. 

Tho iufluencti of his successors — the Bonuivcts and Villequiors — 
depending on their capai;ily for providing rich and varied onlertatnmenl, 
thoy took core to sarround themselves with poets and artists skilful to 
contrive and order masqae, ballet, and banquet. Tho magnificence of 
tho tast linn been quite suiliciently described already. Wo suspect, how- 
^ever, that it was not always so wonderful as the court chroniclers of the 

riod would have ns belte\e. Theso gentlemen were, abovo all thingSt 
Eftuxious for the glorification oi their patrons, and what tho feast hickcd iu 
Ideality they contrived to supply m descripUon — with tho aid of those 
ucs who bflTo celebrated the gastronomic glories of VittiUius and other 

iperial epicures. For all that, tho mediieval banquet was a brilliant 
Efhing, especially towards the llonoiaaanco, when taste bi^on to select the 
i&ro, and genius to mould tho plate, and especially to break tho mono- 
tony of the (vABi with the happy invention of entremets, or spectacles 

* Th» Joaa of Arr, sdmid^ otbem, dcsJcaated the Sngltah of that da.v. 



bore ftway tbd p&ha ; Tor oil throngh Uint disorderly day and stiU xnon 
disorderly night, be bad a man at hu elbow than whom there vf&a XLone in 
Europo tnnre prolific of uuscemly denct?^. This was Sir Uugomn de 
GuiBay, tiio idol of the reckless, the avorsion of the orderly, and tbe 
detestation of tbo populace. And nut without good reason. He delighted 
to exercise his wicked wit on tradesmen imd mcchanioo, treating thoso b« 
encountered in his walks as the Mohocks of a former generation were 
accmtomed to treat their victims, pnckin^ them with his sporB, and cotn- 
pelling thetu to creep ou all foQTB and bark like dciga before he let them 
go. Towards midnight, when all were half mad with wioCi Do Ouisay 
suggested a mask. These things, rough an Uioy were, were asuallj pre- 
arranged. Erei^body knew when to look for the maakers, and, ia most 
instances, who the/ trero. But the marriage had been too hasty tor Utis ; 
nobody now expected anything of the kind ; and tbo King took the hint 
all the more eagerly. He retirod, unobserved by the crowd, ^ith 1>« 
Oiiisay and four other wild ones — scions all of the noblest houstts in 
Fnuice. The projector of mischief had a qonntity of tow and a pitcb-pot 
Id readiness, and tbo tight dresses of tbo group wore spcetlily covered with 
a vcty good imitation of the shaggy bide i>f the bear. Alaska for the face 
were always at baud, and thmj the travestie was effected in a viiry fav 
minutes. Five of the gang were then bound together by means of a silken 
rope cut firom the lapcstj^, and the slxtbr the king, led Uiem into the hall. 
'whtfe the thing took amazingly. " \Vbo are they ? " was the general cry ; 
but that, of cour>iO, uobudy could tell. At Ihia iustntit entered the wildest 
of all the wild Uukea of Orleans. Hearing of the superior order of the 
fan going on at the palace, he bad loft bia own amusements in luioUter fl 
quarter, and hurried thither. Ho found tbo torch- bcarora ranged clostf 
aloi^ the walla, and the inijuisittve iwmpany gathered round the masken. 
" Who arc they ? " hiccuppdd the three-parts iutoxic&ted prince. '* We' 
>D find that out." And Koatcbing a turcb from one of tbo beurors, fa» 
;oFed forward. Soma gentlemen attem|>ted lo stay him, hut he was 
obiilinate and gaarrelsonie, and refused to be restrained, except by uinin 
force ; and as this was not to bo thought of with a prince of the blood, 
however fuddled or mischieToas, they gave way. The prince lowered 
bis torch tu examine the Dearest of the maskers. But hand and foot 
being equally unslendr, he brought the Home iu contact with the taw, aud 
tbo group was instantly in a bright flame. Presence of mind, or common 
sobriefy on the pari of spectators or actors, might have averted the resulta.' 
Bat tbare wu none of the latter there, aud but two inatancea of tli< 
former. The youthftil consort of the aged Duke of Berry seized the King, 
and enveloped him in her ample rube ; thmi he was saved. Aliothor of the 
ntMkcrs, the yoongjjord of Kantouillct, noted for strength nud ogUily, 
rvnl the ailkca rope with a wrench of bis strong teeth — pitched >i"niH^H 
like ft roeteor through the next window, and plunging into a eiatem in tfi^ 
esca|H.-i.I with scarce a scar. Ah fur the other foar, Ihvy dragged 
: uui tlulbar tbxougb the horiiiied mob, lighting v>ilh each othftr 






the Same, aud uttoiiog Uie most ftwful sbrioks. Mao vho had gone 
unfaltering throagh a bnndred fighte sickened at the siglit, oud womou 
Muted bjr Bcores. lloueod by tbu uproar, all Paris waa soou afoot in wild 
excitement, and crowded round Uio pataoa. A buudred reports irero 
current — that tbe princeii were onga(jcd in deadlj strife being tbe one 
most credited. At last tbe fiame bornt out, and tbe four maskers lay a 
black and wiitbing beap on tbe floor. One of tbem was a more cinder ; 
a second siirvired till daybreak ; a third died at noon tbe next da; ; and 
the fourth — the eoutrifcr uf tbe mask — lived in Lurriblo lormeDlti until 
tbe tbird day. ■* Bark, dog, bark I " joUod tbo Pariiuans as his body was 
borne to the grave. 

Wherever there ba])pened to be a choir, a acbool was maiotaiiicd for 
the instructJou of tbe eboristots, where they were instructed in mn^c, and 
the more promiKing nmong thorn prepared for the nuivonnties. To 
stiniulato these youtbiiia their utadies, — with the hope, as Strype remarks, 
"that thej might one day attain to the real mitre," — tbe festival of the 
boy-bisbop was devised. On the eve of St. Nicholas — tbe patron of school- 
boys — tbo election took place. This might have been irott on tbo Conti- 
nent — especially among the poor-scbolars of Geimauy, who acknowledged 
little cautrol during lessons, and none at oil nflor, — but id England 
there is reuson to believe that it was conducted much like tbe clooUon of 
a reitl bishop. The boy-bishop then was pretty sure to bo tbe good boy 
of tbe Bchool — that is, if bo were boodsomc and well abaped — ^oalifi- 
eatioos even more essential tbao merit, as appears from the registers of 
York Cathedral.. Kvery choir was provided with robes for bis dbc, which, 
as Bhown by tbe Ust preserved in the North omlwrland buosehold book, 
were hardly less magnificent than those of the dioceaau himself. They 
were provided by tbe founders and patrons, kept in repair at the cxpemw 
of the parish, and renewed by donation and legacy. Among tbe recordi 
of tbe obnrcbwardene uf Lambeth there are various eutries concerning tbe 
repiiir of the boy-bi»bop'a vetitmente ; and Arcbbiebo|) Butherum bequculbud 
his mitre to the college which be fooudod at Uotberam in 1-181. On 
8t. Kicbolas's day tbe boy-bishop went to chorch iu great state. In 
London ho appears to have been mounted, for a statnto of Old St. Paul's 
dtceets oue of the canons of that cathedral to provide him with a quiet horse. 
Duo care, too, was taken to secore him au adequate foUoniug. The statutes 
of SI. Paul's School (1518) direct that every Cbildcrmait the pupils shall 
go to St. Paul's to hear tbe cbilde-biBbop's sermon. Tbey add that " after 
he be at tbo high mass, each of them shall offer a penny to the childe- 
lishop." HiB demeanour at church is thus described by Cyrus de Thuard, 
Biisbop of Chalons, who abolished tbe festival in bis dioccao : — " Thia fine 
poniifl' placed blmeoLf iu tbe biabop's throne during tbe office of Ibe day, 
eurroundod by his boyish chapter. He and tbey performed tbo parts of 
bi:<bop and canons ; while tbe real canont) took tbe places of tbe children, 
and acted in all recpects up to the cbnracter." The boy-bishop went 
through all the ceremouios of tho day, and even song the inase. This is 

2— » 




denied, hvX there is abundance of proof. The reoorda of Nojon gay ihtf 
he went through the lehoU serrice ; the prodamttUcm of Heury VUL, 
snppreBsing tbo Uij-blBhop, slates that he said masa ; ho waa permitted 
to do 6o by the statatce of Winchester College, and be was ordrr^d to do 
it by Lboee of Eton. Nobody, howtivur, donios the fitot of hts preaftbJzig. 
" HafTer litdu children to como unto mo," -was always the text ; and tfaa 
discoorse, evidently as moch a portioa of the properties aa the crosier oi 
mitre, was repeated year after year, and vras jnst a moral leotore to 
children, and DotbiDg more. After iitinrieo the boy-bishop and l&i 
foUowers, aesistfid by u hired train of monuttibaDlis aod minstrolB, pro< 
menaded the district in search of contributioDS. They sang gay BongSr 
and indulged in laughtcr-monng antics, and roturaed to a feast provided 
by the churchwardens. The hoy-biiibop bad two pririleges : bo could — 
and once, at Cambray, really did — till up a Taeaney occarring in the 
chapter during his term of office. And did ho di^ doring the ^ame period, 
he was buried nitb all the pomp of a real bishop, aa in the noted oa»e at 
tialisbory. Boys woro not tbo only actors in tbcue odd rert^manies. They 
were got up, thongh nut perhaps very generally, among the girls attending 
tlie conTcntual schools. This is stated in the proclamation of 164S. 
Orosteste, Bishop of Lincoln, also forbade the praotiee in his diooeaa 
at on earlier period; and Archbishop Peckham, wnting to the nuns of 
Qodstowc in 1278, enjoins that "pnblic prayers be no lunger said 
in church on St. Cfttharinc's day by tittle girls." 

The boy-bisbop of the choir was a tame pciformance compared wiUi 
that of the aniversity. In the hands of the students the ceremonies of 
the day were anything rather than u mild imitiitiun of the original rites. 
Wild burle&que, wilder fun. and reckless mi&cbief characterized thur 
proceedings- The sorrioe was nproer, and the sermon generally sn 
audaciooi libel on existing authorities. They letl the church lo play, 
fur tbo duWtation of the mob, Kuch a farce as only modiiurul stndontf 
could write or enact. This closed the short day, and then followed 
a torchlight prooeasion throngh the streets, ■ceompaniod by a horribU 
tintanurre and all sorts of indescribable freaks ; and generally oloeij^ 
in a conflict with the watch. 80 it happened in Paris on the cvo of 
St. Nicholas, 1305. There was a formidable Hut ; bat the peace- 
pTOBoren being the stronger, the stadcnts were pot to flight and holly 
ehaeed to the schools in the Kue de la Bncberie. Not content with tlunr 
victory, the sergeants forced the gates and carried off nmaeroiu prisoners, 
whom they immured forthwith in the Chatelet. This was a piUpabte 
infringement uf clencol privilege, and BO those sergeants Ibimd it. Noxl 
day the captirea wore releesed u-ith many apologies, &nd the captars 
locked op in their stead. Tho coUcgiato anthorities wcm aatisded. bat 
Mt so the students, who dcturmincd to take rengcaDco witli their (nm 
hauda on the fimt favoumblu upportunity. Such a oim ijid ri- 'io 

Duxi rear. In ISG?, however, the stndeota obtained what Uj , ; ; d. 
*«— % gtaat fight, in which one or two were kiliad lud mauy wonndi 



among them the bisfaop, the watch was defoated, and tho streets nbondooed 
for the rest of the oij^ht to the Htndents. This drew down the intdrferenee 
of Lbo ParbamoDt, which comuussioDed the commaQder of tho watch to 
eiamino tho wouodcd bishop as to the ringleaders in the not. The 
Chevalier da Ooet obeyed, and visited the Qaartier Latin with a vtroog 
guard «t hia bofk. Dut it was not quite stroof; enoQgh. Haidlj- had 
he entered the hoose where lay the wouuded bishop than the doors were 
banged too, and bimaelf and his moo assailed by a fonnidabto body of 
stodeate, well thrashed, disarmed, stripped of their nether garments, and 
drivou with ignominy oat of tho Qoarlier. The Parliament was forioos, 
bnt there was no getting at tho perpetrators of the oatrage* So, deter- 
mined that somebody shooid be ponisbed, it aentaoaeed all those who 
had token part In the procession to traTerao Paris in much the same 
plight as thai in which the watch had so recvotly appeared. This the 
Btodents did ; and baring made the amend* bonnnhie in the preaonoo 
of tho king, the magistrntee, and the beads of liie oniTorsity, the per- 
petrators of the oatruge were pardoned by proclamation, and admomshed 
not to do the like again ; but with rery small effect. 

Tho prooessioQ of the boy-bishop nus probibit^Hl by ntuaorous cooueils, 
and obstinately warred with by monarebs nod magistrates. It held its 
groand, howerer, as stauucbly as Iho plague itself, nntil the goneral 
poriGcation of opinioD, and then it vanished like a mist. 

The RcTelry of the Clergy, or the Feast of Pools, wns, beyond qnostioo, 
the perfectiou of CbriHtma» frolic. This festival was iuvcnted, according 
to some, to wean the people from heathen obsenranees, but in the opinion 
of the doctors of tho Sorbonno, " that the folly which is natural to, and 
bom n-tth as, might exhale at least once n year." It was marked in tho 
Caluodor: Fntum Ftttitorutn in Kfiiphania, rt ejus Octaria. The learned 
ontiTtiiiuetl difler^ut views courcmtng its propriety. From some it met 
with unqnatified approval, firom others as onrcserved reprobation. A 
Flemtsh divine decUred in lull coaocil at AaxeTTv, that this festival was 
quite as acceptable to Ood as that of the Immaculate Conception, oud met 
with niQoh applause Irom his brethron. Tbcreapou GorsoD, the most 
noted theologian of his day, stood up and asserted, amid equal approval, 
that " if all the devils in hell had put their heads together to derise a 
feaiit that ahould nttcrly scandalize Chribtiauity, they could not have im* 
proved upon this one." And, whatever the fact might have been in bis 
own times, Qersoo's opinion is now undisputed. Thiers — not iho historian 
of tho Empire, bnt an ccclosiAsttu of the seventeenth century, great in 
most kinds of useless kuowledge, and, therefore, well read about the 
Feast of Fools — says that this festival duservod to bo oaUod Jm File Hu 
D'ttthff, and nearly oil ontiqanrten auy much the same. When tlie Feast 
of Fools began to b« observed by the Christian clergy, it is impossible to 
teU. The period, howovor, was sufhoieutiy tarly. GUmpsos of it, or 
something rury Hko it, arc to be caught from time to timo iu the darkest 
•gH* Ai Boauvais, for iasUneo, in tlic jear 5 00, a monkish writer alu^n 


the clergy outeidfl the diarcli-doors on Cbrifitm&s Day drinking wine out 
of pitcbtits, aud excLaugiug witUctKinii and practical jukcB wilb tlie 
passfiiigera. A law of Kiug Cluldcbort'tif dutcd oi>4 or thcruuliuuU, forbids 
" the disorders Ibat aro perpotnted dnricg the night of the ore of feostflt 
ereu those of Easter and Christmas, occasious when uolhiiig is tfaonght 
of but Binging, drinking, and otbor dobaaehariefl." Grt-gory of Toora 
mentions that in his time the nuns of Poicticrs were peculiarly notoriou 
for keeping these revels. And throe centuries later, iu 8ti7, we find ch« 
Cooncil of Constantinople proscribing amilar oheerranoefl among the 
EuHteru cieigy. If we are to credit Cedreuus, who wrute early iu tho 
eleventh century, it was the Pntriareh Tbeophylact who first legntizod 
the«e practices, a.d. OftO, " Theophyluct," says Cedrenus, " introduced " 
(that is, authorised and, probably, regulated) " the practice which preTaila 
to thia day of scandalizing Ood und the memory of his saints on the most 
splendid and populiu* festivals, by indecent and ridieoloug 8oug8 and 
enormous Bhoutiugs, uveu iu the midst of these aacred hj'mns which we 
ought to offer to the Dirine Grace with compnnction of heart for tho 
salvatJon of oar souls. Bat he, collecting a comjMuiy of base fieltows, and 
placing over them one Euth}-mias, surnamed Casnes, whom he also 
Bpprunted euperiuteudeut of hiii L-hurch, lulmilted into the sacred serriee 
diabolical dooces, exclamations of ribaldiy, and buUads borrowed froni 
tho streets and vilest haunts." liMiothcr it b« as Cedrenns says or not,! 
it is certaun that, early iu tho cloventh century, tho Feast of Fools waa- 
ooiversaUy obeerrod. 

But it was obserred with a great deal of variety. It se^ms to have 
been confined to the cathedrals, tho coUegiate churches, and the great 
monasterieii. As to the pariah churches oud smiillcr convonts, IhcRu, as 
W0 shall see, had an oiiuivalciit in such festivals as that of tho Ass. WhtTO 
the clergy wcro few the revels wvre simple ; bnt when they happened to 
be namsrouB tho ceremonies bccHDie more complicated. In this case the 
inferior nlcrks — the deacons and sub-deacons — had one fuant, and tho 
hll-fledgcd priests another ; nearly ever}' locnlity nlso observed some 
peculiarity in the rites. These began with the election of the chief or 
chiefs, who were varionaly termed abbots, bishop's, or popes of fooU, 
eonmrds, or cselaffards. And there was quite as much variety in the 
period of election as tu the title. At 'Vi%'ior8 it took place on the 17th of 
December; in our own uuivoraitieii uu tho 21st; at Kome on iha 
lOlh of November ; among the Oermun stadouts on Twelfth Day ; and at 
Rheims on tho 16th of July. In the last instance a carpet was spread 
and forms were arranged under a great elm-tree in front of the cathedral. 
There the whole chapter assembled, and elected the Abbot of Fools with 
as much grarity, debate, and intrigue as goes towards the appointment o: 
mora serious potentates. Immediately aAcr the election the bolls wo. 
set ringing — bow, will be shown by the following iucideoi, which ooeurri 
at Kvreux in the days of King BUi{ihvn. Seeing that the deacons, who 
vupersoded the regular ringers on these occiuiions, had no purpose esc 






to make aa much elnmonr am posable, and therefora mag so farioasty as 
tu domngo bells aoil belfry, bosidct) injuring and sometimes killing 000 
another, the bishop prohibited this part of the pcrformanee. He did 
more. Hariag a ^hrovrd ootiou th&t a mere prohibition vroold have littJe 
efieol, be placed the legitimate riagere in the bellV;, armed them mth 
etoat staves, and directed them to keep the phico agaiii8t*all comers. 
The deacons, iodignozit at this unwarrantable interference with their 
admitted ritihts, ood dotennined, so far as they could, to stand gtrictly 
on "the old lines of tJie eoDsUtution," laid vigorous siege to the belfiy. 
The dcfcDce was creditable to the garrison, and several tonsured crowns 
vroro neatly cracked. Some of the assaituuts, however, clambering over 
the cathedral roof, while others broke down tho door, the belfry was 
slomiod at all points. The bishop's men, being mastered, were deprived 
of the keys, well cuffed, and then thrust oat. The ringing that ensued 
was something awfnl. It was enough to make even a bishop indulge in 
strong huiguago ; and this one did not refrain. " Heavens t " exclaimed 
he. clapping his bands to his ears, ** will nobody stop those infernal 
deacons ? " Buch an interjection xvas never uttered in vain by a man of 
rank in those days, and hardly had the bishop spoken when two of his 
gravest canons, Walter Deutelin and John Mausol, started off to the 
Boeno of action, with the view of reducing the npronr to some sort of 
moderation. This was not a judicious proceeding. In somewhere about 
seven minutes the bishop sanr his dutiful canons swinging in the wind 
from the top of the be!&^', about 200 feet (rom the ground. lu each 
inBtance, indeed, tho rope was passed ondcr the arain, 'which was not 
quite so bad as If it had been knotted round the neck. Still, the situation 
was not an agreeable one. It is not pleasant to swing at such a height, 
even whuu tho cord is thoroughly trustworthy. But hero this was hardly 
the fact. Tho canons were exceedingly canonical in their prO|)ortions, 
aiid the rojtcs were neither new nor partieuhu'ly utroug. Hut interference 
was asoleiB. So the canous retained their precarions position, and "hung 
and swung in the sight of men," and of a good many women and boys, 
too, until the diacousi idea of vengeance was satisfied. This, however, 
did not oncur until tliroe-fourtliK of the bells and several of the ringers 
had been reduced to the condition of Professor Puzzle's mousetrap) thai 
is, rendered Aon iie <ombaU* 

The beD-ringing duly achieved, the Abbot of Fools was rsiscd on tho 
shoulders of his flock, who, chanlbg the Ttr Deum as they n-eut, carried 
him in triumph to the chiipttr- house, where the reel of the chapter was 
assembled. £vcryl>ody, including the bishop, rose at hie entrance, and 
did him reverence. Afterwards, all sat down to a feast, which was opened 
with a mock grace and closed nith a borbsque hymn. The new abbot 

" ** If 70a please, or," wH the bniMCQtaM, " ifae trap wm't celHi iw> mice." 
♦■ Wlir, MnrT," pronooaocd the proftisor, after pr«*e exaBiiuolUni of the mwliloe i 
' it ia'hots dc combat ! " " Uh," laid Uor;, " a Uut aU ? I Ui>A*&>>\ »t I'M broka^ 



was tbeo moniit«d on an u», with his fkce to th* Uil, mid kd in pn-j 
Mssion through the town, distribating rufienlooi Ueaings unoog Otf 
people ; and thia portioD oT the oetemoiij mm Nrpe>t«d ervry «t«^I^^ 
DOtil thti baliduys closftd. 

Tho btabop or archbishop of (bob — aecomiii^ to tb* diguiir of tb 
HO — wu eftc<«d by the clorgynun m fdH ordera, and inftalJod in oSm 
with appropriate ccrcmoniee. Thd wbold chapter being galhored in the 
mthudrul, he was cbul in the blabop'fl robM and Boated in the epifloopd 
throDO with ftU the ngnol hononrs. The serviM of the daj ms lh«a 
chatit«d. At its clase tho ahDoiier of fools called out ** SUance, ke«p 
sikiue ; " tbo ohoir replied, " ThiLok God." Then tbo binhop ncitcd ■ 
etHiiic benedietioD, and the almoner distributed eqaalty comic ladolgenM 
— to some toolhflehe or goat, to others liberty to drink when tbe^ wen 
thirsty, and bo forth. 

In the Dumcrou8 pririlcgfd chapels — those that aelinowledged en 
euporiora but his Holiness — the mier of the frolies took the title of pope 
of fools, and was installed with a borlesque of the rit«s employed in the 
coDBecration of his prototype. 

All these proceedings were merely iotrodnetoiy. The fi^to itself took 
pbice oil Christmas Day, the Ist of Jannary, Innocents' Daj, or the 
Epiphany, which lost was known in many quarters as " the exceUont] 
f^to of fools." When there happened to be on abbot and a bi)<hop ol 
fools in the samo place, it was often the cnstom to hold sepamtA revels. 
Bnt in the majority of iostancos the priest and deacons eoalesoed afler^ 
the inveBtiture of their respective chlcft. When the long-expected morning 
earao, the clei^ pat on tbeir best robes, and accompanied the bishop, 
the latter in foil canonicals, to church, where his entrance was marked br\ 
ft grand pe«l of the belts, and Iho most thunderoua toneE of the orgna. 
He was then seated in the episcopal throne, and high mass commenced. 
At this point, all those who were not abeolntcly required to cany on the 
service stole oat to change their robes. They soon reappeared grotesquely 
paintod and masked, and uvcompauicd by the more notorious uf the 
rollicking blades of the neighbourhood in similar attire : souio beii 
drai&ed as jngglers, others like women, and others again like wild b«ast 
or damons. Then^tho service still going on— the maakcrs begaii th( 
tricks. They threw summersftults, played all sorts of school-boy games, 
and made every couceivablo noise. They placed a Ugbted stiive od tho 
altar, and roasted saasages at it; they sat down beside it and played aAJ 
dioe ; they sang very profiuie songs ; they burnt old shoes in the ceiuera j 
and held tham undt^r the noHo of the officiating priest ; tbcy bedaubed uid 
blMkeoed his face, they threw coals at one anoUittr, and among the 
pooplfi; tboy aliooted "strauge oaths;" they even qaarrcUod and foogbtj 
in downright oaniest. And Ihoy closed the sorvtce with this sin| 
IMrfonuiinco : HaIf-a>UoE«n or men? of Lhem nsutimiDj^ ItiLsi-y, thr«w off] 
«TAry artidu of clothing, and Wtfo pnrsaed round and rotiud the (.hureb, 
>ida isd out, by thuir jclUng coiuradoi, vrho drvuchud them nilh watery 

auurs£3 OF chbistuas m thb dxys of old. 


ftDcI everyhodj else wbo chanoed to be loolcing on. A eonacil lictd 
towards the do»e of the fiAceatli ceutury eodeaToiired to reform at leant 
this portion of the ft^te. With thla purpose it eagoly 6sact«d that naked 
men ^rcrc no moro to bo huuted tbrougli tbo chureh on Christmofl momiug, 
bat fiiWj/ throogb the cloisters; and that wutor alone was to bo thrown at 
ihcro, and not tki tnckett Uto, 

Outaido the ehoreh a acafibld wna erected. This was brought 
into reqoisitioii immoiliately after the sorrico, for the exhibition of a 
" farce." The fareo, as wo learn from the rt-giaters of the Chur«li of 
St. SLcpbeo, at Pyon, nnder the date of 1494, was always opened with 
a aeene greatly in favour mth the mob— the sbaTing of the precentor. 
He was an oilicial who bad charge of the choir ; and, as Fosbrooko says, 
"was empowered to tag the ears and poll the hair of the boys, and 
thnmp the deacons and sub-deacons who told lies, or otherwise miseou- 
dactcd tbemselTes." Oeoorally speaking, ho was a tyrant, a sort of 
mcdisDral Squecrs; and when his victixDS had the shanng of him, they 
did it in perfection — not epariug him a single rasp or bnoket of water. 
Indeed the same cooncil that itutned tboKO jiidicioos regnlations respoding 
the nudities on Christmas monuug, cndoaToorod in Uko manner to place 
limits to the torture of the precentor, forbidding his barbers to nso more 
than three tubs of water in the operation. Cot of course their decrees 
were as little regarded in this instance as in the other, and the sharing 
went on preUy mnch as with geamoD who cross the lino for the ftrst lime. 
Indeed the ceremonies are so much alike, that we incline to think the 
marine romp derived from the monkish one. There wns the same 
monstrous razor and disagreoBblc lather, and the same infinity of 
drenchmg — not a little of which fell to the lot of the crowd that grinned 
below. Tbo faroe that followed was always very saUrioal, still more 
pcrBonal, and excessively gross. It formed, indeed, a constant cause of 
bickering between the actors and the aulbontios, nnd was prohibited 
times wilhoat number. Bat being one of those things that education 
aloDo can put dun-n, it defied magisterial iuterfereoce to tho very last. 

The farce was followed by a proeossion — and suoh a procession I 
That of Silenus was nothing to it. There veie musical ingtmmenls of 
all 8orLs: drums, ol^.pots, trumpets, cov horns, evot^thing that coold 
be made to emit a sound, and the harBher the better. All the mud-carts, 
well laden, were there, as well as nmnoroos donkeys in fantastic hantess, 
and one or two caravans hired for the purpose from travelling showmen. 
Moontod on theso want the reverend gentlemen, in suitable attire. 
They promenaded the sfaroets for hoars, attended by a nnmenma crowd, 
and saluted oveiywhere with roars of laogfater andjahowers of nnsavotuy 
missiles, wliich, especiaDy the latter, they richly merited. Some of 
them blesticd the spoclotors in language that soooded ozcoodingly like 
ouisiug ; others bespattered ibcm witli uiud ; thoeo on the donkeys 
treated them to comic songs ; and thoeo in tho camrans with lombling 
Bod tabloaux-vivmutfi thM au EogUsh pea caimol describe^ except as 



in£uuoiu. Symbols and oinamento appeared in iht»o proevancofc 
idoitua] with ihose tiaed in the pagan myiAeties. Moat of ihsm htm 
diaaippeKTed, chiefly duriog the lurmuU of the mxteenUt ond scveotecilA 
eactiiries. A fow spccimcDB still remain in the po&BeBition of the cnriov. 
ThflH, howerer, arc dimJoiahing daily, becaoso even the antiqiurian aaai 
cannot always restrain the destroying hand of disgost. Huw came Qkj 
into the hands of the Chrisiian clei^ ? The qneBlion is snggosfin 
Bat hardly as eaggostiTe aa these facte. The Feast of FooU was Tigotovdj 
and persistently opposed by the heads of the raediwal clitirch. Tt «ru 
prohibited by biidtop after bishop, and anathematizfd by oounril atiB 
council — the edicts levelled at it counting by hundreds, ood daliug froB 
early in the twelfth centaiy np to tho sixteenth omluiy. Bnt qmie m 
Tain. It proved iuemdicable from among the clergy ; nay. It mthir 
appeared to gather atroDgth. And, strange ns it may seem, it was widdj 
prevalent among tho Duns, who observed it with nearly as mncb licence, 
and sdbercd to it with equal obatinacy. And yet to-day it baa vanished 
almost from memory, 'niiich is the better — folly or scbism, liceuliooi- 
ncBB or liberty ? Tho choice mnet bo made ; where tho latter is prohibited 
the former is ntire to flutirish in the rankest Inxariance. 

The Abbot of Unreason, oar English equivalent for the bishop of fbali, 
was a much inferior personage. There wus pluuty uf fun nnd horBe-pliT 
exhibited andcr his rule, and occoBionnlly somo rough satire. Bat then 
was Uttle or nothing of Ibu auduciuus profanity and Hcentlonsneee that 
characterized the reign of the foreign potcutato. A statute of Hanxy IIL, 
forbidding clergj-men to pUiy at diee at chorcb, shows that — favoiuvd 
probably by his French minions — the contiuental method of ubserviug 
Christmas had made somo proigrcss iu bis day among onr eountrymtn. 
The enaetmeut, however, was not afUmTtirds repented ; uor does it Appeir 
to have been required. From that time, at letuit, the Abbot of Uiuvasaa 
in Britain whs seldom or never a clergyman. There was, indeed, snch a 
personage attached to every cathedral and monastery, as well oh t^ each 
municipality and burouial bull. Ho was, however, a lay servact ur 
retainer; for, except in the ease of the boy-bisbop, his musters took no 
promlnoDt part in thu ruvuls. Tho terms, therefore, Lord of Mismle 
and Abbot of I'nrcn&on were with ns convertible. Aa to Lfao ofSec, it 
wu not genendly filled by election. At Conrt some poetosting IcuigLt or 
gentleman was nominated to it by the monarch or leading minister ; m 
tho counti}-, it was filled by Eomo younger brother or hunger-on ; auj nl 
the anivorsitics a master of arts — a grave and reverend sdgnior, much 
moro likely to restrain than to auiniate them — was appointed by tho bcada 
of the eoUego* to rogulnto the games. It was different among the peoplo ; 
bat we most let Master Stubbs, IhePuritaUi'speakoQ thJspoiot : — " AH tlia 
wild heuds uf tUe parish, tlookiug Uigulher, chouM them a gnind c&ptAts 
of mischief, nhum Ihvy onnoble with tbu title of Lord of Atisrulc ; hi»| 
him they crown with groat lolcmnily, and adopt for their king. This 
king, onoialcd, chooseth four- and -treoty, tatty, Ihrvucurv, or ■ fauudjx 



alf. ti> wait upon liU lordly majettty, taiii to guard bis uoblo 

. Then every onti of tbuso lucti Lo invt:b-tvth with bia liTonea of 

gniea, and ydlow, or bouio other light wanton colour ; and as Iboujjh 

thoy were not gaudy eaongb, they bedeck themBelTCfl with Boarves, ribbons, 

and laci}8, bong all over with goM rings, preaoos fttooes, and other jewels. 

Tbii donot they tic about eilbor log twouty or forty bulls, with rich buuU- 

lerebiefe in their hands, and aometimcs laid across their shooldcrs and 

necka. Then have tbey their hobby-horses, their dragons, and other 

antics, together irith their bawdy pipes and thundering dnmuuerv to 

strike the devil's dauce withal. Then march this heathenish company 

towards the church, their pipes piping, their drums thuadering, Iheir bells 

jingliog, ibuir hondkcrcbiofs fluttering about their heads like madmen, 

their hobby-horses and other monsters skirmishing among the throng. 

And in this sort they go to the church, though the minister be at prayer 

or preaching — ilancing and sin^og with eucb a confused noise that no 

man can hear his own voice. And thus these terrestrial furias spend Lbb 

Bahbatfa day. Then they hare ccrlatn papers wherein is painted some 

babelerie or other of imogety work, and these they call my Lord of 

Misrole's badges or eognizaueeB. These they give to everA- one that will 

giVB them money lo maintain them in their heathouish devilry. Aud who 

will not shew himself boxom to them aud give them money, he shall be 

mocked and flouted shamefully. Yea, and many times carried on a cow- 

staff and dived over head and ears in water, or otherwise most horribly 

abused." We strongly suspect Masttir Stubbs, like Juveunl, bad a 

sneaking kindness for the abuses he so roeily describes. However 

that may be, be coKiunly docs uol exaggerate with respect Lu the treatment 

in store for those who did not show thcmselrcs *■ boiom" to the revellers 

and their chief, as a certain apparitor attached to the orohiepiscopal court 

of St. Andrew's once proved to his sorrow. This officer, with rare 

audacity, ventured to serve letters of exeuuimuuiciitioa issued against the 

Lord of Borthnick, while the inmates of the castle wero celebrating 

Christmas, and met with the fate of many an Iri^h " process-server " in 

the good old days when Irishmen were more like themselves than they 

ore now, and prtiferred a Irolicsouo vengcancd any day In the week to a 

fittal one. Having discharged bis duty, the apparitor was seized by the 

Abbot of Unreason aud his crew, taken to tbc mill-stream and thoroughly 

well ducked. He was then compelled lo eat his letters of excommani- 

cation to the last shred, and dismissed with the warning that aU similar 

documents " should gang the soma gate." Not was Stubbs less correct 

in the other portions of his vivid account, as the following passage attcvts : 

"In 14iO one Captain John GUdmao, a niaa ever true and bithftU to 

God and the King, and constantly sportive, made public disport witii his 

neighbours at Christmas. Uo tnivorBcd the town on a horse as gaudily 

caparisoned as himself, preceded by the twelve months, each dressed in 

c}iarAcler. After him crept the pole attenuated fignre of Lent, clothed 

ID berriug-skijis, and mounted oa a sorry honW| when baraoH «u 

curercd with oyster- shells. A lr»'m fa&tasUeall; g&rbed folloired. Somo 
were clothed as bears, apes, tod wolves ; others were tricked ont in 
ELrmonr; a unmber appeared as harridana vith blackonod boea ftnd 
tattered clothes; and all kept np a promiBcaoaa fight. Luet of all 
marched sovoral carts, vhereon a niuober of fellova dreseed as old £>ol8 
sat upon nests and pretended to hatch yonng fools." 

In parish churches, and wherever the clerpy were not sufficiently 
QumeroQs to conduct the ChristmaB revels^tbemsdlves, tbej'omted for the 
purpose with the poople. In theM (!«BeB there vras much utmencCT ia 
the proceedings. The Flemings, for iasfAneei repcat«d the Feast of Koe]l 
year after year, and from one end of the eoontry to the other, with littla^' 
or no variation. And the French country parsons and their raslie floobi 
reproduced the Feast of the Ass with just as much servility. 

The Feast of Nd<-I was celebrated by a proc«S8)OQ that started from the 
church-door, made the circuit of the parish, and ended whero it began. 
In front marched the enr^-s and choristers, bearing crossos, banners, and 
relics, and occasionally singing anthemB. AAer them came a yonng girl 
representing the Yirgin, and a young man rather lightly clad and oma- 
meatod with a pair of niuga as the aoget Gabriel. Then followed a card* 
board cock with a child inside. This was succeeded by a cow, a goat, four 
sheep, and an ass, or rather, by models of tfaeso animals, each containing 
a boy. A fool mounted on a bobby-horso and provided with bells and 
hauljlo closed the array. Every now and then the processioD halted. The 
angol recited the salutation and kined his eompanioD, who said, " Fiat" * 
— ■• 80 bo it" Then, one after another, the cock crow the words •• iVr 
»i(if MB rt( nobis," — " Unto as a child is bom ; " the cow lowed, " Uhi f " 
" WHiere? " — ^the oheep maaed, " Bethlem ; " and the ass br^ed, " He-haw 
mas " — to signify £<nm« — " Lotus go thither." And then, as the goats and 
the fool had nothing in pArtioolar to add, the precea^on moved on, nntil ths 
next balting-place was reached, when the performance was repeated. 

The Feast of the Ass was very similar, but rather moro pretentioas, 
and, perhaps from some niyiitic sympathy between the horo and his 
worshippers, much more widely spread. Authorities wcro not quits 
Bgrsed as to what particular ass was to be honoured In this feast. Nor 
was this to be wondered at, considering the vnrioly from which they had to 
choose. There were Balaam's, Abigail'!), the Shanamite's, and a handred 
other Bcriptunil and very cstimablo asses ; to say nothing of the an- 
scriptoral, but none the less wondi^ol. beast of Zedeklns the Jew, which 
had reproved the unbelief of his matter by falhng prostrate in the mud 
before tha host And few of these animals could complain of neglect 
liut decidedly the fovonritas were the beast used in tho flight from Egypt 
and the one bcstriddmi by Balaam. Tho fonuer, known as the Holy 
Ass, wfts said to bavv eroHssd the seat dryuhod to Italy. Dying thcro, 
its booca were long prsservsd in an artifiml asg, under the guardianship 


* AMtidatoardbovpr«fenlQnBila'tU«,"]>oltsBabL" 



of foDT canons, who, of oonne, took care to parado the relics in tho view 
of Lbo faithful as ofteu ttfl poHiublti. The feast ortginjited, then, in Italy, 
bat it was speedilj domiciled in Franca, whoro— especially daring tlie 
Tesideoeo of the Popes at Avignon — it obtained mucb greater respect than 
on ile native soil, and wbcro, snrvinng most other medieval mattors of 
the Bort, it waa observed at Boorgea so late as 1U82. BonrgeB, indeed, 
-was one of its principal seats, tbo people of thut town being so infatnated 
viitb the Holy Aiut that tiiey adopt^^d it fur tbo city arms, wboro it flgnred 
for maDy s day, seated like a burgomaster in an easy choir. When the 
feast was in honour of Balaam's charger, it came off on Christmas Day, 
AS at Rouen and Kens. In the other inotance it was de&n-cd ontil the 
14th of Jutuiu-y ; but tboro seems to have boon htUo difTerenoe in the 
-prooeedings — Balaam appearing moiinted at the one festival, and afoot 
at tbo other, while the reet of the characters remained unaltered. Tbe 
procession left the cburoh, ti'aversed a certain circnit, and rctnmed to 
the starting -point. A body uf prioHts and cboristera formed the advanced 
guard. Then came the ass, a wooden model conlalniog a boy. On hia 
back rodu Balaam, dresfKnl like an aslrologer, or the Virgin, represented 
by a pretty girl nursing a doll. Behind the principal personago marched 
a long an-ay of patriarcbH and prophets — Moses, with his rod ; Bavid, in 
green, in company with Goliath, who carried a loltie head ; Banuon 
drawing a paeteboard Hon ; and, Inst uf uU, tbe poet Virgil, along with 
the Sibyls. Tbere were many halts, during which the prophets chanted 
versicles and conversed in character, while some of them rcpeatod a 
characteristic feat : David, for instasce, knocking down Goliath, and 
striking off his bead ; and HamsoQ fauclng with his plaything, and 
pulling a honeycomb out of bia moutb. The crowd entered tbo church 
OD its return, singing Latin rhymes In praise of the ass and his £§te. and 
he-hawing lustily. The ass and its rider were then placed beside tbe 
altar, and the service began — and a very pecuhar aorvice it was. That 
iu ose at Sous wns compoHeil b^' Peter of Coibeil, who died bishop of tbe 
dioooeo iu 1^20. The manuscript in still preserved in Uiu catbedrol. 
Its silver binding is covered with grotesques, and its pages are bordered 
by figures of bacchantes and bacchanals in every attitude. The service 
consisted of a mass of odd matter, called tbe " prose of tbe ass," but 
mostly rhyme — ball Lntiu, half Frunrh — interwoven with the ritual of tbe 
day. In it, the first eyllnble of the ballolujah was always lengthened into 
bo-haw, and evciy one of the hymns bad a suitablo refirain, which the 
priests b>d off, and tbo 'people tCK^ up with exceeding heartiness. Tbo 
service was further oolivoaed by a good deal of pantomime and broad 
force, enactod by the patriarchs. At the close of tbe rites the following 
couplet was song, as tbe manitscnpl directs, "a yiv^se roix," by four 

Ilieo eit claia £u dannmi, dara ilirmm i 
Oiec eat /oata dioa feKanun, li»ta (Itenm. 

Hc-baw, he-haw, hiS'Uair, maitei aas. 


DiracU; iftcrwards the deteoo, tnniu^ towards the peopltf, « 
'*1U miiM oBt — Lo-hftw, Ite-hair, be-hiLV-av-aw," and thv p«f|lll 
mpooded, "Uoo gratiu— ho-liaw, he-haw -aw-aw," whteh rloe«4 Oi 
Ktnricc. " Thia feast of the aw was ossoredlir idobUrons," SAva la dl ' 
writer; "and," h« adda, with a ttun of tbonght altogetb«r mtdfaral) 
" LLe ioveotioD of the dcvi], that monkoy and fool whom God Afad^ 
Iweps for hifl ammwmeot." 

Alun to tbo Feast of the Aas, though hardly ao pror&le&tr wu tint 
of tbo \Vi»e Meo. This was ohaemA at Milan, its ori^al Beat, in ISM, 
&a foUowi : — Foromoit Id tbo Twolflh-Day processioa, mounted on gnsl 
hortM and richly* robeJ, nmrcUed ihu three kings. Tbov were aittenM 
by Kumeronf pogoi and fbUoved by their guards and a great crowd. A 
tiill mast eupporttng a golden star was borne before them to the piDui ' 
of BiLD Lorenzo — sixtoon Bcathod and fihattored oolnmns. now Bitppo8tfai| i 
nothing, thatgroatly ])R-<:zIe tbe nntiquiLry. Hero Herod with bb wribesi 
and his wise m«n awaited tbom, and the scene described bv the Erangdiit* ' 
with sundry adjuncts not noticed in Scripture, was enacted, f^m tbs | 
colonms, Htill being preceded by the star, they adjounied to tbo 
(^arch of Eoatorgia. Tlicre, iu the neighbourhood of the siircophi 
wbich once contaiood the relics that Barbarossa carried off to het 
Cologne, they found what they songbt in the manger and duly pi 
their gifts. 

Chmtmaa was nut oxclmtivuly appropriated to pleaRuro-ncekers and 
ILuir miuistors. Oar noocHtors were ii drng-loving race, and they greatly 
Bsteomed tbu uiedictuus compouuded at holy seasons. The lipotheearr, 
thoreforo. was always very buxy at Chriatmaa. Then the rhinoceros-hon 
was powdored iiito an infalliblo aotidoto agninst poison ; mommicta vrera 
moulded into comfits to be swallowed by thoHO who hiul met with contn- 
sious ; and hnman grease was distilled for the relief of bdv ntllirtcd wit 
rheumatism. Then, too, as Van Uehuont directs, the blnck goat, b*\ 
his hied lof^ tied to his cars, was auspcuded by the horns from the r«itiii 
of the laboratory aiid bled in the tail — tbo elow-blliDg drops being rot^tiivi 
in a glass and dried in a furnace ns a remedy for pWunKy. And, OHjieciolt^ 
then was the homan bknU triturated for the use of the epileptic Bt 
it wait not vvury vnuiium that could thus be used. The druggists of 
Middle Ages werd fasUdious on this point. No head was permitted 
past through their hands unless it bad been bleached on tbe gibhot for < 
•oAcienl [wriod — that is, until the muscular covering hud boeii quite 
oonBtuued and replaced by a green mould much resembling the mou on 
the hark of an old uak. Most of these heads, as I\>met tells vs. coma 
firoB T I n country whieh of old was chiefly known to i :i!' 

tha ki < ghastly traf&e. fbraoi and other rrpnliuvo tu-. ' 

cunaidored all the more etScicot if the eriounid had be*an cixecutod dl 
the Cbristmas hotidays. Kor wore such dceidcrata at nil rare. ' - ' 
two or three hundred yvan ago a hanging w a beading rankt'< 
toaniamoat in allractiuu, and no tete or fbstiTal wu thought cc>mj 
- "^-- — - ^ ' ■■ — - --■*'- 



viLhotit sdveral, of which we codM givo exnmptes almost withoal end. 
The spectolors gathoroil to these exhibittons to be excited and amtued. 
Nor wi>re the; the only ones who rcganlod them ns a epocies uf comedj. 
In mottt instasees the crtmiiia]» oul^Ttainecl tiw same opinion, nod took 
car© to do due hoDoor to their part m priacipal performcra, and to giro 
all satiafactioii to tho crowd by a bold and even facetious d«meauoar in 
tiw cart and on the scaffold. 

Anotlier Christmas amnsenient mnch in rogno in the good old limes 
was Sdoing the doril. " You would not believe how maoj jooDg gentJc- 
men teas« me to show them tbo fimd between Chnstmaa and TwclfUi 
Night " — said one of the many who professed to manage tlie exhibition— 
** and I always gratify tliem, — for a coosideratJon. A qaartor of a league 
hence there is a eapuciouB Houtcrmin " (probably the catacomb!)) " with 
nnmcrous windiugH. Vtlieii anybody wnnts to neo the doril 1 lead him 
thither. Bat bofuro 1 allow him to enter I make him do a few things. 
Ho has fintt to pay his fee, forly-firo to fifty pistoles. I then make him 
swear never to roTsal what he may sec or hear. Afterwards cautioning 
hxta on peril of his Ufa to ahetain from rnvnlioniDg any holy word or name 
I lead him into the OBvora. At the threshold 1 pause to make stindry 
fumigations and to proDonnco serfrat incantations in choice gibberish. 
When this is over the curious fool and myself are sure to hear, far down 
in the darkness, the rattling of chains and the growling of big dogs, neither 
of them pleasant sounds, coottideriog the hour and the pkco, and Mpeeially 
our pnrpose. I then question my employer if he has any fear, informing 
bim, at the Bame time, that a l^are of courage in certain to result iu 
some fearful catastrophe. In mo«t oases the reply is in the a^matiTe, 
and I lead my gentleman out of the care, reprimand him severely on 
account of his impertinent curiosity, and — keep his money. If, however, 
bi) declares that he in not afraid — as a fuw do— 1 load him slowly forward, 
miitteriug many frightful words as wo go along. Having reached a certain 
spot I redouble my invocations and worit mytcU up into ^nile a fury. At 
the proper time six men dressed like fiends, whom I hare previously con- 
coalod iu the place, jump np from a hole, throw a shower of flaming rosin 
and fireworks rouni], and indulge in a satauic dance. By the light of 
these fiames we perceive, close at hand, a monstroui goat fastened with 
chaluR, painted Termilion, as if they were red hot, and by his side two 
mastiffs similarly chained, and having their mnxzles &8t in wooden pipes 
shaped tike speaking-trompeta. The men prick the animals, which caper 
and yell. And these yelhr, reverberating among the caverns, are so 
horrible, that, well as I know the cause, they ofl«n make my own hair 
stand on end. This goes on for ten minntcs or so. Then the furies rush 
forward to torment my devibweker, pinching, kicking, and cufUng him, 
and thwacking him with Band-bagH, nulil I (im cnnip^Ucd to ilrag him out 
half dead. Then, the flames and fires having <liH»ppenmd, and tho 
horrible cries ceased, my employer gradually reoovets his spirits. I take 




long UAH 

Advantago of this to show tiim irliat a dangerooB a&d tuoIosb ctaiatity U 
is to wish to see Ihe deril, lud entreat him to a1>atidon it for tba fatxat. 
And thia T o-ssTirfl yoa bo norcr Ikilfl to do." 

ChristnuB, like other fostiro BoasDos, bnt more than an; other, «u a 
iaToarito with conspirators. Where treachery existed it seldom failed to 
prefer tbo niasqnerades of Ynle for its work. It was then that Chai 
attempted the life of Henri Qnatre ; that tho friends of Richard 
plotted to marder Bolingbroko; that Henry HI., of France, stmek d 
his arvh-enemy GniBc ; that the LoUards mustered ogUDKt Hei]i7 
that the Fonwt Cnatona expelled the AQstriaDs ; that Cttsar Bo»^ 
trapped and slangfatur»d the Orsini ; iind that Fieeco exploded his 
renowned conspiracy. Chnetmas, too, was a chosen time with the old 
\t-arriorB for the surprise of towns. They calculated that the garrisons 
would then keep unusually caroloes watch, and, generally epoaking, they 
were right ; consequently, the medifcval annals teem with stories of 
ingenious and dariug escalades, acbiered in the midst of reveliy by tho 
Dngoesclins, the Douglasses, and tbo Mnnnys, Most of these were vetj 
stirring aflkirs, and one or two rather singular. Prominent among 
latter is this one, which occurred in the Sooth of Franco, on New 
ere, lo77< Villefrano and Montpazier were a^jnoonl towns in F 
The inhabitants, like those of Dioant and Liege, and many other nei^ 
boors in the good old times, hatod one another devoutly. How the fend 
arose was unknown, as was tho time when, but certainly it had not loot 
Btrenglh by tho lapse of agoe. In Iho religions wars Montpazier took one 
side and Villofraso, of course, took the other. There resulted much 
mutual insult, a good deal of robbing, a little murder, and occasioDOlly, 
bat not often, some fighting. At length, when warm with Christmas 
cheer, and ready for any mischief, the merry men of YiUe&auo bethought 
them of their neighbours at Montpazier, and took it into their beads to 
make them a very early New Year's culJ. Accordingly, sending their 
wives and children to bod, they set out about ten o'clock at night, on the 
81st of Januaxy, and reached Montpazier in a couple of hours. Not a 
sentinel was to be seen : so they scaled the walls without being diseoTered. 
The placo was profoundly quiet, and, sirango to say, the visitors found 
nobody bat non-combatants in it. Tbere was no resistance, and 
therefore no slau^ter, bat there was plenty of mischief of other Boxts. 
Towards daybreak the plunderers left the town, with it^i women weeping 
and its children howling, and their own shoulders tolerably well laden. 
They marched homo without accident through a dense Kow Tear's fog; 
but when they entered Villcfranc they vorily boUevod that they had been 
traTelling in a circle, luid had got back ognin to Montpaxior. The SOiKlft 
upon which they entered was precisely idontic&l with the one they hod 
left. Here, us there, the drawbridge waa down, the gate wide open, and 
the place strewn with torn gannoots and broken furuiluro. I'hoy were 
awm, howerer, enlightened as to their whereabouts and the mi 



of the confusion when Uieir seremmBg children nni cx&speratod itaaaa 
nubed oat, bat not cuotly to bleos their triumphant retiira. It then 
iqtpeued that the men of Montpozior bad formed the same idea as them- 
wives, and bad realized it with as mnch sncoess. The feeliogs of the 
hC'Jroes may he (anclod. Shooing no particular advsntago iu this kind of 
trarlara the rival towns made pem-tf, restored the plunder, forgot tfao 
other injoriee vhlcb abont balanced one anotber, and determined to go no 
more a-roving ao late on Kew Year's eve. 

A vision rises before our mind's eye. "Wavy and onsubstanb'al as a 
drifting cloud, it seems for a moment to assomo consislonce. It is tho 
int«rior of a xast cathedral — above, dimly lighted and bung with dreamy 
banners ; and belov, thronged with aplendid shado^rs : princes and ombaa- 
Kodurs, cardinals and cobles, bishops and knights. The ooeanio boom of 
the organ censes. There is a pin-drop eilonco. A stately phantom, 
crowned and robed by tbe altar, nttrnrts nil eyes. Tho Bcene takes life, 
the faces usume individuality — Gereon, Hallam, D'Ailly bere^protid 
oleotora and pronder patriarchs there — and yonder Sigistnnnd. We 
roeogmzo the Council of CunRtacee, and the Gorman monarch exercising 
«D old imperial right to read one of tho lessons of the day. Thou figures, 
bannent, and pillars melt into a shflpeless mist th&t disappeani in the 
depths of tho past. It is our lost glimpse of Christmas in the days 
of old. 




Thc rarUamenUrj liFs of Ireland, In 80 fur as regards thOM oral 
dtBpIavfl which farmed ita most briUiaQt omameat, has had a bi 

If Tre look back to the timo which preceded George HI., wc shall 
little to intorest in the debates, and eveu l^sa to adjmrd. The Kiog'd 
Griremmoiit vas coiTicd on withont auy impediment from au orgaoized 
opposition, nor had the Uouse fushionod itself into those forms of 
'whicb in our ovn day have so distinctly marked oat tbo cout^nt: 
armies of politics. Tbo Irish ParlianieQt presented Iho epcctado 
mere coimcll, in which the acts of Uio QoYi.>rmuoDt were ratitiod, and 
wherein the few difwentients to English rule were classed mnnng^t 
impracticahle people who wore SKiiuiued to represent a TOty uicultiTBt 
and Bcorcely civilized natinn. 

If we tnm to the newspapers of the ^e, a very few and nnsatisfaet 
lines urc all thai we &ud to denote a debate, uur do wu r.bance upon 
single name which has serretl to relieve by its brilliancy the long gloomy 
nigbt of hopeless ioaction that prci'ailed over Ireland. The oratory of the 
Hoasc, in such speeimens as have reached ns, was poor, conunonplneo, 
and weak. There was no preparation, and as little was Ihort! of that 
spontaoeoos eloqaencQ which so maluly contributed to illnstrnto the debat 
of a Uter period. In fact, if wo see little that denoted a high intoUectti 
standard of the lime, we see just as little of (hose traits and charact 
which we like to deem cational. 

Btirke called the debates of Walpole's day '* parocbini disenssiot 
and the lowering; epithet might with full truth be applied to those deUl 
rations, whose subjects were some petty local matter, ondignified hy 
bearing upon tfae real eomtition of the conntty, and nnadomed by ttT«D a' 
p afs ing gleam of statesmanship or political knowledge. 

A ooarao alipshod style, disfigtircd by occiuunoal tawdiy illDetratic 
was tfao recognised habit of the Tlonso : the tone of the paiiab tmI 
dashed with tbc exercise of the schoolboy. And so generally ae«6pl«d waa^ 
Libis, that nthTiT thought pubUc business could not bo condtietcil in 
rother fashion, and that a manner which it would be UboUoas to call 
rentalional was Ihd appropriate method to discuss any rinesUon of f| 



Hio fiisl inDorator upon ihxti dreary hnliit wu Singld-Bpeetli Huimllou, 
^vbo C1UIU9 owr lo Ireland as Bcerolaty t<> Lord I[:ilifai. Ilix polishad 
I>6ncid8 and 6nished oratory bore ovory Iraco of care nud prepiiraiiou, and 
titiU iuun« filrougly ovlduDcvd tko fact Uiut be imfisessed Edmniid Bnrke as 
luB prniiUi eocretaiy. Ho bad, with all Uio clcanicds of close rea»oa* 
iag aod icuuratc logic, a copiooa flow of InDgoago, admirably relieTed by 
iUufitratifm, aod ooeaaiooally mlog to tbo liif;best flight of pootied 

Tho oxamplo oould nob be long without followers, and John Holy 
IlatchinMn soon disfciugQished himMlf by a character of elotjaence, of 
which the deiwtes had long beea barren. He was a inaa of a very high 
Cttdar of ubiUty, and yot he vroti one who availed hiniHelf mora in poblio 
life of a consummato kuowlcdgo of society, au iuU-uiie Hoeiai tiict, thau 
was the bnbit uf Lho day lu emjiloy. Aa Uanly says of him, he saw nhut 
tbc Hnntin would bear, and never went boyood it : iinJ, like an nccom- 
phsbed Minister of a recent day, he had on almost bstinouro npprociatioD 
of the opportone moment — of the temper of his contemporariL-s, and of 
those passing moods of impetaosity or dogged eaiitiou which beset large 
asHcmblies of men. 

Hia oommond of wit, especially sarcastic wit, wag conaiderabK<, bnt 
so restrained by self-commaud, — so cheeked by an stisumcd deference for 
the Honse — that in reality a licence was allowed to him very rareJy 
accorded to others. 

It is no light praise of lum to say that in his personal coutosts with 
Flood he is supposed to hnre bad the adraotago — at kiut, tbc ffty and 
Kportive style of his rt^pUes, the unfailing readiness of his epigram, and 
the nofttnesfl of hia sarcasm, were well suited to tho conrcntioual temper 
of the dny, and where Flood displayed the fteru and almost gloomy 
receRses uf a ca}>iu;ious mind, Hutcluusun's playful enso and graceful 
imagery carried tho dny in his favoor. In Hamilton's words, " Uo was a 
crafl for nil woathora. " 

It was no detraction to his merits, before au Ii-i&h audience, t^iit there 
was n theatlical air in his oratory. Lideed, tiie frioud»liip fur Quin, and 
hir) love of the stage, iinotored the wliote obaractor of tii» mind, and 
iui|mrled a something of dramatic oOoct to all Lis displays in public. He 
lofb the OppoKitiun for a Frime Sergoancy in 1700. and subsequently 
bci'imie Provost of Trinity CoIl«g«, — a stop which closed af^ainst him all 
tlio rowanis of his own proft^Ksiuu, atid prcmalundy completed a career 
thai mijjhl hav*e led to the higUuut houuurs. 

A niuubor of capable and very gifted men now snddenly burst forth 
heford tho public oyo. It aeemod as thoagb the dormant iuwlligcuco of 
the biud but needed one siiitrk uf genius to Undlu aud (luickcu it into life. 
Amongst Ibem*— I Inliu tbcui at random — were Andrew <(. Perr)', Mttl(»ue, 
Cm, Fitzgarald, tho Knight uf Kcrr^*, nduiimble debaters, who would bare 
won honour and distinction hi any ns«ombIy of Kuropo. The fiiahion uf 
the day required that diod of fortOM shoold bo educated for tho Bar, 
votH ni(— «(h lilt 9. 



of tlu pcopio, ilic '*bour/ieoim" oppoBod a spirit, wbirb, Lf not alwH 
f^uitled b; absolute wisdom, still etroogly CTideuced their ^cutio uf 
h-intiitm. A meeting ttds held in DnMiD of ib£> fr^umon And froehulilfi 
over which Uio hijjh Bhc-rilT presided, in wUit'h » ri;»ioli!ti<m was |)iu*s< 
" Thiit nntil the grievances tif thin cotmlry Iw- n'Uiovi-il "- aiid the grid 
anctfs alluded to wrni t^utijvl.v Uioiw of a commerciul charactor — ** 
pledge oarsolv«8 ucith«r to import nor coosumc auj of th« macti&c tares 
Ureal Britaiu, uor will we deal with any nicrcbaut cr ^^bo|^l^cl'pi^r wh 
shall import nach mBnufHrtureit ; and Uiat wv reoonimrnd the ndoption of 
this coiirae to nil our couutrjincu who ruganl tho woliiiro nr commerce 
Ireland." The bold dcfianoo of this challenge, and the (^slabUBUmc 
of the Vulimteers — a force which in its equipment of cavuliT,-, iirtilU 
ui]d iufaotry, vonstituttrd a perfect army — ahinneil tho (ruToroiiicut 
Bngland to that cxtitut that the Act uf Uuiim Ijucaiuo ilelrrmined ot 
and the only ijncsUon Fcaiaiuod ns to the mode by which it was to 

These Vohinteent were a very n'niarlcablo (urcc. Raised ostt^nLsihly 
defcncf! ai^atusl iuvaaion. they cuubliluUtd, m reality, a great imtioni 
army, and ivcarcely a man of independent position in the land did jxt 
belong to that body. They ac^'cptvd no commission fivm tho Cron-n. 
any direct connection with the GoTemmeut. They itamed their 01 
officers, accepted no pay, and until their numbers aod cxtousion n-udert 
private effort uucqiial to the chaj'ue, providt-d tlieir own anuH. Nut vm 
willing, indeed, to arm men who avowed such etnrdy independencor 
GoTemmcot oliiinately aceonled them 70,000 stand of arms, and in 
far, at least, Irgalizi-d and accepted Iheti- position. 

Many who had fotight in tho American "Vinr nf Tn(1ependonc«. nud 
retumvd to Ireland, now joined thiA force, and thc-ir adhesion was atKlt 
loniily rnnrtwl by the Volunteers. Tho loadera were incTOi;y instancu mt 
of station and chai'acter, the woU-knowu Lord Charloment hriug 

Wu (iro couitantly afsnrod within and nilhont tho walls of Parliamonl 
that WD haw done great thiuga for Ireland within the last thirtv or for 
yonrs : rerersed moeh that was cruel and unjust, and hare by milder lai 
luid the inflarnre of edncatiuu, given a powerful nid to the advancdut 
and the progperily of Ireland ; and although there would he much to 
in favour of all ihia, it might nerertheleM bo asked, Have we stico«Qdi 
in cnnnL'ctiug Ireland to England so effuctually — have WD so iuipref 
wrrtker coimtry with the henefita of being yoked to the stronger oi 
liavt< wo imbued Irishmen gt'uornlly with the Iciyally wo like 
Itrili*>b— that any iltnialer of the Crown would now. in the }-ear of 
1600, recogniKO the oxistMice of lueb a force as that Tolnntoer ami.T 
I • ' : ' ' ': to mcc4 pArliament wHb the assuraDcu that he had 


ii.itf all ov.: 0, then, lern in rain ? JImvq w« done to*> 

• UtUc ? l-.. ..- uado the EnghKh hold ou Ireland lesn Gnu 



Imh Mecuro ? or nro wc nimply only oo a sU^ of that Joumc^r vhich tduill 
ultitniiU']}' assure us of Uiu udiHsUonn of Treliuii] ? 

llie reudy test by nliich llic Grcitt Duke was n-cnt to nicnsnrs tbe 
9T1CCCKS of govoninicat in nny couoti^ nns ttic amount of troop6 neccsMi^ 
to LoM il:; anil c«rtiunlj. by Uila test, tbe Ireland of our own day givus 
na tut camie of exiUtalitm over tbe Ireland of tbe pant. 

lu auKwcr to tlio uddrcsfl on opi^ntng the IWIiamcnl of '70, Himry 
(imt-tau uiorcd, " That wu buseoch your Mi^csly U> believe Uial it in wilU 
tho ntmost roluctnuce vr& arc eoostraincd to approach you on the present 
iii-iiuHiuQ, but tbe coDsUui drain to aupply abficuteee, and tho prohibition 
of our trade, have- ('au««-d snch calamity, ihut tb^ ualural support of our 
country bos docnypd, and our inanufacturcTR aro dying of want; fomitio 
Bliillcs hand in band with hopeless wrolchednef^, and Oio ouly muana of 
ttuccoor lice in the opening of a fruc export trade, and to let yonr Irish 
BubJL-cis enjoy tbvir birtliright." 

Flood, Hntchinaoo, George Ogle, and Edward N'owenhun, followed on 
thfl anmo side, and in j^lowing tnugniigo supported the spirit of tho 
amendment ; and at laat HuRsey RurRb, risinR from Uio TreaBun,- hrnrli, 
declitred '* tlint the high oQice irbicb he held could huld no competition with 
hiH principles or hi» onseioncc, and that instead of mere snpplinition, he 
tvould suj^goRt on lunendment, that no temporaiy expedient coold suffiooto 
eavo Ibo nation from the ruin that impenda it," 

Such a declnratiuu from cuch ii man produeed an immense efltM;!, 
and tho Mone of excitement which the Uoua) presented \» perfectly 
iudescrilNilfle. Many supporters of the Government rose and crossed the 
fliior of tbo IIouRc, members of the Viceregal household amongst tbcm ; 
and as the amuDdmeut was carried almunt in a rdiout of oxultAnt triumph, 
the ladies waved their handkcrchicfr from the gnllerit-i*. and tlip ehpcrt* uf 
the spectaton could only be snppreBScd with ditficulty. The cilixens 
without noon caught the jo}-fnl tidings, aud the streets roared with ringing 
cheers of delight, aud a poroxj-sm of wild eulhusiasm seized on the city 
art tho VidunU-erfi beat to nrmn to line the Fitreel», and do hnuiiur to tbu 
patriota as Ihi'V should issue from the House. 

Perhaps of all the men who swayed tbe hearts of his eoimbrmen by 
his oloqnence, and by tbe warm glow of bis patriotism kindled in Irelind 
a Bcnflo uf national iodeiwndence, there is not one who can dispute tho 
]ialm with Henry Orattao. Graltiiu was small aud slightly built, but ulthtiugb 
Id uppcHraiico of weakly frame, was win* and muscular, and so redolent of 
pnwcr was his tempei'ament, that many who heard bim speak eame away 
with the impmsion that ho was a man of bold and commanding presonco — 
H strange error, but one wlm-h muuy have nwued they hare fallen into 
with regord to Lonl Pulmer^lon, wbnm renlly it is not always ctisy tu 
remember as a man of low stature. 

Grattan's fcBtnros — with an intensely melancholy cast of exprcsHitin — 
were fuiely and delicately cut : the eyes beaming with a bK>k of gentleness 
peculiarly eng^nug, and tbe month strongly marked with those trails of 



hamonr which id liusi howefor, were alwavs Bubordiuated to il^p pni 
and 8«riou& effort. 

II wfts said lio took Chalfaftm for hUi model, and thoro were cqi 
mnnj poiuU uf rost'iublaucu boluoen tbem. Still Gratiau'd maimer' 
distiDctiTO eaoQgh to l^ect nil idea of imiintioD, nnd Uiom n-cro Iraroo 
that Celtic natoro so eridcnt aboat Hm, it v-u^ild hiive Ixwu imitutuubl^ 
Tor him to havo conroruuid to auy discjplioe that ehonlJ have curbed tht 
uon^mitivu discitrHtrc-uetiB of his miuJ, iuid tlio play of a faoey that soond 
lo the higbi'sl flights of poctr^'. His own ndornlioa of Chatham — af wbi 
he said, " Modoro degeaeracj had not reached him, the fl'aluroa of 
character had tho hardihood of antiquity, his aoguet mind oveiftwe 
miyi^ety ItKulf," — may havu coutiibatcd to tho uupresaion that ho 
taken Uim for his model. Thcro was, howcrcr, in Grattao one oiuunot 
i«tie emiaently individual, and, in a great degree, Cullic. He was axlreaul 
actitbotioal, not so much from any deficiency in the power of gradoftt 
reasoning and dose logical ability, as from Um iuutiactiTe quiekncM 
pcrcuption, amoouting to posttire impatience, which r^ect«d tfao 
march of a dprnountnitjou, when by a boood be could gras[> the proof^ 
lay under bis liaud. HN'idc and great an were his intellectnal powers, 
was tliAt in his tom[>eranient afrinl and lofty that soared high abovo th< 
Engaged with a great suliject, or with one to which his genius had 
greatncHS, his onthoBiasm knew uo hounds. All the rcnomces of tlii 
Eplcndid intellect came forth in glittering array, and no muu could 
marshal them with such terrible cCTeet : lofly and ImpaMUOuod appc 
noblo sentiment, claMtc alluvion, brilliant imagery, the moet pnlighcd vil 
snn-usm tho most witharlng, and, not least of all, a tone of tAnderaesi t^uT 
>-ihnttcd in every heart that heard him. All were hiB, and none conld ri 
combine, or alternate Uium with more consummate art. 

Above all hia intellect rose his pcrsoual nature. There never lived 
more geiwioitB. more forgiving, more kindly man — nuuo who could 
dwell with more heartfelt pathos on the tiea of friendship, nor ono who 
could depict an adverKnr}- with inoro generous justice. 

The charm that eurronndod him in private life, they who knew liim 
hie intimacy speak of an something of actuul faHcinnliun. T' . . 
Olio uf liin grout powers that be coald not bring, reduced ti- 
of daily life, to tho interconnw of society. Without a toneh of pudaui 
ho gave to common conrersation the eleganeo of literur onltiirv, ■ 
this without a veeti^ of the great puliticol leader, or ever orcibeariDg 
bin ^- ' ' ■ K'uBt veiiture»oue or ambitious nl>ont him. 

)' I many respects, and his gnat rival tu pnrliameutan.' 

iidirtincUon, wan Mood. H« was alow, Uboore*), ami nirthodical ; nii 
habits of untiring indoiitT^' with almost tutaitiTo i|tiicknci>ii of percopii... 
nuikini; a alnumu cuatraBt nt timen butwiuin thomuosurud flow of hiH voril^ 
and the t- iiiinU'UHily of bisconceptious. luroUirt, ' 

in sarcft>^:! iition, he had no vqoal. lltero was a «!< 

nttanibe« that HWied senlontioos, and hi» tail ijuaiui Bgan, uju 






(■jLTCwoni aud gnnnt, gavo a peoulinr Bigijiliciuir« to tbe tnQDtH he uttered 
mtb all ibo Borioosness of a ooIemD convictioD. 

Fram that ecToro and Btom couDt*^Qauce, unroUfiTcd by & miilo, the 
words of reproof or iuAalt camo iloultly oinliitterui] ; Kiid vLoq he uose 
to Bpeok, tlture vrsm Ml tliruagb lliit Hinim' thiit thrill of psp4'«tuii<m vbicb 
muD ft«l wbeu Homti puiuful act of iiu«rtlie« ui to bu aceoiuplitibed. 

Of all th« orators of his tim« uodo mora required to be htnfl ratbor than 
reported ; for, thoi)f;h slow and mpanarcd at ftret, there was nhont him, 
whuurt3used, a ivhtrlniuJ rapidity of thought and cx{>rv8»itantbaL carried tha 
faearvr irresistibly nith lum, and gnvo bis cloqucucc tbc force of a torrpnt. 

His tanntii biul a raororttus tiiiva^i-iy, tuo, Ibut loft indcUblt; miiivbicf 
bchiud thoni, and hiscanstie indiffcrDDce to the pain bocrenttfd ket^t«Qed 
their iu«alt. 

His career in England was bri^f, and a fiulure. Ho aroiie to flp«alc oq 
n uu^ftsiire on Trbicb ho was uot proparod, nnd induced by tbe defunmce of 
the H01I8O to continue, he uttered some pliuiBJbte and iU-timed goucralitieg, 
aud sat down amidst the rxultalioD of IUb adversahcs, and tbe total dis- 
cuiniritura of his fnoudti. lUs gencroufi rival Baid of bim " be n'as an oak 
(if tlie forest, too ^^tid and too duep-ruoted to bi' IraiiKplautud," oiid 
though bti lived to havo some sac^eBBOB in the Kugli^ Hoatio, they wore far 
mnd uwny below Ibe reputation be biul brotight with bitn from tbe sister 

It luay Dot, porbaps, bo matter of re^tret, but it in noteworthy to coolrost 
tbo witberiu^ Rarcasm, the almost ecathinf; ii-ooj of that day with the 
flippaut levitius aud jioinUuits iiuptirtiuuiices which men alter uow in tbe 
sharp conflictii of pcrsonul ntt»«k ; aud it would Iw a ptcaaant sclf-fiattoiy 
if we coold be able to BBBOie ounelvee that ttus altered toae was owing to 
UOT advuDoe in civilizalioa, our f:p:«at«T refinement and more polished 
onltnre. Certainly, the tome rebnkos and wordy wamiugB of tbe pnueat 
day rend very flatly benidu the glixteuiu^ bbnrpueos of thoce witty pasBsgoa 
which luou exchanged in tbe Imb Houstt, uud it is as well fur Uic ImppioeM 
of oar gr(!nt dialoctirians that they Uved uot wbcn Flood, nod Grattan, and 
Corrjr, aod Unssey Burgh bartered tbo "amenities of debate." and shot 
the barbed arrows of their sarcaiou into the chinks of each other's armoor. 

Tlie interior of the Irish House of Conuuous was well ndupled to add 
iliguily and inipressiTonesH to the cbuructur of the debates. A spacioiia 
rotnnda, sorrouuilcd with a wide gallery supported on column?, was 
lighttid from a lofty dome, the whole rich in tasleftil and eplondid orua- 
titatbn. The &out rank of tbe gaUcry was usually occupied by Indies 
of the first rank and atatioo, aud behind them sot the Ktudfuits of Trioitj 
College, to whom admietiioa was freely conceded on tboir appeanug in 
oouleuiic cuKtume. The members of the House always wore foil coort- 
drces. and the wbolo scene, in consequeDco of this iittentiou to externals, 
gniued uumeusely in ofTecl aud uuigutticvoco. There wus, too. a very 
poliHhvd courtesy obeierved in all the forms of di.-LMite, ret;ulatcd as thoy 
were by on vUipielto which hnd its bitfis in the btri<:tc&t pnnctilio of 



perioiial boDonr, ani, thoa^ laogoftge was ntKHl at Umeo vliose vii 
nod HTeritT coald not be snrpassed, tbere was a Ihorongh nndorstjuiJ 
thai tlie Rpcaker woii]il not disclaim the rcsponaibUi^t or 
privilof^o of debate wboD witboat tbo walls of tho IIoaM. 

The chividrouH Uiuo of thu day — aud there is no deuyin;^ thai h 
tone pravoUod in all tbo relatioiiH of Bociety — bod ODiuestioonbly tl« 
in the forms and manners of the Honse ; and in the snrno way aU 
intercomso benefited by the eiamplo of men who etrore lo - tl 

aclvcK with iiwuriirj and eliM|iieiii;i', imd who hroaght to the > ;■ 'nsi 

politics every aid tbat cnltttre or rolinomcnt could bestow. 

If the occasion would permit it one migbt sUip hero and ronsider 
very little tbo two great legislative nets of Engknd — tbo Unioti and 
tlie establiehmont of Maynooth-^eorved to answer the iutoniions uf 
louudors. It ift only neoensazy to refer to the debates in the Irifih Ut. 
to nltow that the dBmnnda of the national party wore Dot onl^ 
moderate aud more reasonable than tbc pretensions of modem pnti 
but that they were urged in langnage mon* dcfcri^ntial tuwnrdA Hnglasl, 
fliid TiithoDt menace or insult whatever. All that Orattan put furth bad 
boon already proclaimed by Molyneux. and snpporied by hwift, ncni 
oeutnry before. Tbe t«mperato demand lor mere JQHtiee to Ircbtnd 
the Iriab their Parliumout, a monsuro as mintakon and as luihn " 
in result, as that institntion to edamle hente-bn'd prienlti, to <. 
contamination of French Jaeobininn, ba^ proved itself: Iwin^, in a 
degrM.thfiDursoryofalltbc disaflcotioaaudiUcgolity woaroDorr \i-it 
in Irahutd. 

ciupTEii in. 

A PAQB of BlOOBAI'liT surrLiKD. 

But Jonah Barrinotom ih a aort of " nnimmagem " HerodotnK, aud, if i 
pqnal to tbc great Oreek in pletureaquc eloi]uoneo or dcacnpUve cbiinu.| 
more than his match in invoolivo power. His '• Memoir" — bi> 
small quality of tmthfuluesa — is, however, autisiag. It is ti - 
acemmt otlriidi extravagance and reckless Uring. it wonld havo Wnn hi 
for bim to err on the score of exaggoration. Tlie social condition 
Ircliuid, at tbo time lie speaks of, was ouo of unbridled licccco. and anr, 
eccentricity of condact wns pardonable if it only contained s-^-' ~^ 

ingro<lionl or some druU iiituation. Tie makes, however, m 
hi^h preteuaious to morality himself, aud takes n stand In ceuanrioj* 
habits oflbe day, which, if wr ecmld only anspoct him to hi? '■ - 
be bimply groaa hypocrisy ; and there is a Ntor}' told of him 
in'i ineindfd in bis mtmoJis, bat which is folly as iujicatire of ihv but 
[vf his day as aujtbiufjroeordud in that veracious biiitory. 

tfir jpgaht jho'^gb a Jod^ of tb^dminUTCoart, and fairMo 



a very fair income, bail ronlrired, br the libcrnl iis« of n groat ruiefy of 
vices, to omlifimisi) himself to that extent, that bo w&s reduced, as a Insl 
resource, to make tenaa for his retirement irom office, and escupo to Lbo 
CoDtiaont, whore be could live ncinolosied by creditors and imtortnrod by 

To do this cmptr-bnnded, was, howeror, do part of hiA pUn ; and to 
emcante the furtress tnth bag aud haggnge mu n matter vrhich required 
some nddresii. It chanced that id Bome moment of unnsual proRsnre Sir 
JouFkli had bocu ruduced tn pani) all lii» plate — of which ho lind a 
roiieidcrahlc luautJly — some being of family orif^n, and, consequently, 
rspoci«ny dear to fl nature so impHJeacd with a feudal regard for anceatiy, 
and a. very feudal contempt for common honeety. 

This plute hiul been confided to the keeping of a eerlmn wcU-kuowB 
pawnbroker, ealled Dan Malone, a man of fwma wealth, but chiefly eelc- 
bmtod for the hardness of his barwains and a most miserly disposition. Ho 
was H drj', laconic, ill-natured old fellow, \nth whom few but the poorest 
p«oplo STer dealt, for, bo it remembered, men and tromen of condition at 
that period were not abore re^ortbg to the pawnbroker's in their moments 
of pressing necefifiity. Pan 'a forbidding exterior and coorse mannera, 
however, excluded him completely from thhi walk of buainoBu, and limited 
him lo rlieiita of the humblest order. 

Whether fi.»r greater secreay in the transaction, or for soma other 
motive uQCXplaint'd, is uot easy to conjecture, but it was to this man that 
Bnrtitigton resorted in bis emergency. Tfao plate was pledged for sumo 
hundred puunJn, which ha c.oitUi not now command, and he wsa very 
umvilliug tu quit the country aud forfeit — as he should do^auch a vnluublo 
dr posit. 

lie had already made arrangements for a littla farewell dinner lo 
some ten or twelve of his most intimate friends, amongst whom wore a 
Bishop of Waterford and a Cbief-Jtistice ef the Ctimmun Fleas. There 
was also a Peer — I beliere Lord (inLuard, — and three or four were men 
high at the " Bnr," and already looking to the " Bench." It Is importAnt 
to bear in mind the rank and •toeial standing nf the company lo under- 
stand — what, indued, is Lho chief purlrr uf the anenlula — the soeiul 
morality of the day. To these choice ftionds he commuoicatod his plan 
of aotioD and oblaincd their pledge of concorrcncc and support. 

This done, be repaired to Malone's hoose, which stood in an obscure 
lart of the town called "Hmock Alley." "Dan," said he, gaily, as be 
t<:re«l, •• don't look gliun at me, old boy, I'm not come to a^tk a ' long 
d.'vy ' for tlie inlurest, or try to squeeze a ten-pound noU> out of you ; it's 
another errand brinfp me here. There are two or three old friends of 
mine — Chief-Justice Fitr-gerald and I>r. Marley, Bishop of Waterford 
amongst theui — have a gtout dosirr to make your Acqiiaiu lance. Thuy have 
beard of your quaint dry humour, yonr lUr droller}', and that admimbte 
gravity which you preserve in your funniest sallies ; and Ihcy asked mo 
to uaJte up a little dijjoor and iuclndo yoa iu the company. I bopo you'll 






not ihtme mu ; oar da; is Thursdny Qfxt ; pi-ouW now, like II giii 
feliow, ^on'll be one of aa." 

Orenvhclmcd nt finit by such no honour, Molonc no sooner recorfnl 
luniBclf than he declined Uib invitutioc, and explained how iiupomifate ii 
would be for a man in hiA Rtatiou, imd wilii liie Imbits, to mix in sttch ooa- 
pony. He was c^onlly prompt, too, in disclaiming thfi Toxy sligltUtl 
pretension to the qaklitios of wit and hamoar useribed Id him. 

•* Come, come," said Barrington, " yon may rcfmtK our Kucioty. iijm 
will. Vou may nay yuu'U not know ntt, onil I cnti't bolp it ; but I'D ht 
fthoi if you shall do it on the plwi tbut I have mistokcu yonr toJcalA nr 
niialed my frionds on the snbjeet of tbcm. AMiy. mnu. I tjwer cod» 
over hero for a talk nith you that I don't cnny away some dr>- bit of Inik 
hanioar, some qaaint moreel of native drollery, that makes tbi.'' furiano of 
thi! next UuiQ I diuo oat. You forgot, Dan, that you see a ^rcni dcalcf 
life ; tliat such men as Lord Gntnard aud Tom Cnnolly kuow T"tffcim 
aboQt you. perceiro nothing strange, nothing odd, in theae varietiet el 
character ; but they are all nev and interesting to others, and cvory ramrit 
yon coake upon them has it£ priceleas value beudas." 

By a great deal nf ilatten,', and by the nse of pcrsansion which new 
bad the nppuamnoe of pentuaaiou. Sir Jonah at last gained over iho old 
fellow, and it was agreed that he should find himself in Ucnriutta Stmi 
at six o'clock on the following Tbureday. 

'■ By the way," said Sir Jonfib, as ho reached the door, " it jn4 
oecnrs to me, jou bavo got Bomc plate of mine — Bome of tho old Jjar* 
rington silver, haven't you ? " 

" Yefl, 6ir Jonah," said Dao. with a saspcctful glance of tho e^-e. 

" It will look strange In celebratluj? a family annivcri^ai-y — it 'm inv 
father's birthday — if I receive my friends without my hereditary [dale. 
I'll tetl yon what yoa can do for mo, Dan : let your people tako over the 
dishes and the other things to Hcnrieltn Ktroot, and, when the dinDor i« 
over, repack, and bring them back here. Vou have cou£dontial fello-wa, 
haTeo'l you?" 

" Ay, Sir Jonab, I have," was the dry reply, without, however, other 
sign of concurrence. 

** Yoa Huu uo objeciion to the arraDgoment, I hope '? " 

" Well, indeed, I don't kuow; I don't know what to say 1" 

*' Yon say yeSi or you say do, Mr. Malone," said Harrington, pEOotUj ; 
"bnt iti either case I have the honour of your company." 

This stroke of iujdred dignity did the husiuesis, and Malono nt ouco 
said, " It shall 1>e as you wish, Sir Jonah. I'll do it." 

The gnctfts ha<l got thoir " cue," and from the momcDl that Malaau 
appeared b the drawing-ruom he wag met with a cordiality and a wurtnlfa 
that actually dolighled him. Kach, iu torn, fthook him by Ibe band. 
Upnmng Ifa'a pleasnro tbny Imd in mivkitig hia acquaintance. At dintA«r 
tbvy grew more gracious still, and. caationa and gnardt^d as bo vrAa to 
IcMp a vuteb on bis tongue, aod nqr a« little as he could in such evw 



panj. so succossru] vaa he oTety time lii' opened his lipfi, and so well 
xeceiTcd yraa his very slighUst remark, that he found liimsulf talking 
■wfty nt lost ufi freely aa UDODget tiU equals, aud whao, u Lbo eTentug 
wore ou, be beard the BiKbop, and tiinro bUII, Uio Eorl, address liiin os 
" 3Saloae," h« knew do bonud to his delight. Nor v-ilb it itlone with win* 
he was pHod ; flottAries to the full as iuLoxicatinf; poured Id npon him 
from ercn' side. Uis opinloD was afltod oq questions of political iinport- 
ftncc, and h\n Tcr^ cotnnuiuplaco ri>markH received like words of Misdoiu. 
Ho siiceessfnllj was oU this done, and so aasidaoDsly wuh the botUo 
drcolated^ tbiit by elercD o'clock, when the Chief Jastice bad risen to 
ftfopoee his benllb, Malono heard but a vary small porLton of the paoo- 
gyric, aud gaietly folded from bis seat aod disappeared under tho tublo 
before tbe eheon had oeased to ring ovor bim. 

DnrriogloD bent dowD to nssnre himself thiit the tmcoQEcioiisuess was 
complete, and then hantily went ovtsr and rung the bell. " llow arc 
Mr. Malone'!) men, Miebnel?" 

" Veiy drank, Sir Jouah." said the bailor. 

" Can they speak 9 con they see ?" 

" No. Sir Jonah, nor ^land eilber I Thoy'r«> inscDRible Kince Ion o'ckKkf " 

" Now, then, my lords luid gentlomen, let me beg you lu lend us a 
hand U> pack Ibe plate. It's rII in tbe next room ; and we mnst be expe- 
ditious, for the tide serves at bolf-pasi one." 

And with that the high dignitaries set to work with a will, and in less 
Uian an hour Sir Jonob vms on bis way to the SkorrieM, wbere a fishing- 
smack lay awaiting bim, nnd with a spanking breeze ho sailed, pinto rind 
all, for Franco, leaving Ireland never to return to it. 

As for Malono, when by any accident he came to be confronted by any 
of tbe guests of that entartainmcut, be found bimoetf so utterly if^oiored 
and unrecognized that ho went to bis grave imable to miy bow far his 
memory of tho event was correct, or how fur ha was the dupe of his own 

I beard this story more than thu-ty yeana ago, from tbe late fTohn 
Claodiiu Beresford, himself nn admirable type of the era of whieb bo was 
one of the last suPi-ivors. He bnd n mnrrcllons memory; and as lie bad 
known, more or less intimately, every public man of bis time, be was a 
Ktorchonso of aneedoto and infurmatloo on tbe period. Not tbe least 
humorons part of his narratives was that, while roconling some tniit of wild 
convivinJiam, soma instance of summary law and scant justice, or some 
Bemi-barbarons osage, be could not entirely subdue tbe affection be bore 
to the period when these things wore; and though not unwilling to admit 
that the world had grown in tbe interval wiser, more tolerant, snd more 
ciTi]iz«d. be freely admitted that be regretted tbe old feudalism of tho time 
when a gentleman et^joyed a high consideration, and when tbe prestige of 
station and fortune was sure to bare its iufloenee in the land.' Ashe would 
pbrasoit, "All this v^aa buibre the eottou-spimicra; and if tho world is 
better now, I can only say it's not so pleosaat." 


I rappose fett of as woolcl lik« to rorivo an age wbon moD of 
position uid »8pODnble stAtion could lend tbemsplvcs to Riich n fm.adi 
j«8t u this of Sir Jonah ; hut there was an amonct of lovit^- proralf nt at I 
time, «nd a. Ibeliug nhicL made tlia occeutncity of any acliou a full 
for all its meannctis — that aUolvod men from all htamo, whoro a hMh] 
lungh conld only bo seeared. Jici it, however, be suid Ihura was a 
counterpoise to those oxmbsca in the genoronti nptrit tlint prcvnilrd ; uid 
bare heard from tha some narrator who told mo ttm stor;-, iunnmcnbU' 
cues of devot«doM8 to fi-ieudship. splendid liberality, and noble fur|nn>- 
nou of it^nry, which would go fikr to make ono nympathixo vitli him wl 
udmittcd bo was the *' tmttiittor Imupoyh neti." 

The bopolcss task of umlomtandini; sneh a people, tbi3 utter impoiH* 
bUitj of tbe ntiwlj-arrirod English oSiciul bein^ able to caletiUto tbt 
motiT«8 or weigh Uio impulses of men who dashed the whole husincu d 
life with personal eccentricities, and who could not in the gravoat qaevtions 
forego the temptation of a joke, or the opportunity of u josi, was bit4 
Riinngh in itself, but it led to still worse in the totnl nii!;ikpprobeDsioa il 
iDCuIcated, and in tbe tiibe csUmalo each nation conceived of tho otbor. 

If the Irishnum deemed the Englishman dull, nngenial, and deprua»rdt 
the Englishman imagined the Irishman to bo unstable, Ihoi' ' ^r.■>^^ 

borebmined, and even the abilities wbicli bo could uol i . „ i-^ 

bi-licved of bttle value to their pusscsnur, wbcu associiittid wiLh a tcmpon 
mont dovoUkl to pJesenre and svlf- indulgence, and with a diq>ositIuu 
cared only for the present, and waa recklessly indi&rcnt for thu fnliirv. 

That a people uho took MUch carolees yIowk of their own aft'iurn, wl 
were such spoDillhrilis of fortune, and so heedless of tbo nioiruw. could 
firm and steadfiuil in their piilitical atluchuient», did not fippoar Tfiti 
jjrobnblo to tbo EugUsb Minister ; and so when Mr. Pitt contidcd to Lot 
L'astlcrcagh tbe cbaigc of the measure of "tbe Union," — when he gnvu bii 
a eartf Uaiifht as to tbe means, — be really believed be hud ovorconio 
tito dilTiculUfs of lbf> case, and that uothiug like fiirniidablu iil)»UicIo coi 
present itBolf to the Dili. Let us, in oar noxL obapteti glanco at that 
liunoas dohote. 


Zht ^Ut'i\m that |Uirries bjy. 

AH UM>UIIL»1U(0 rOUT DY TUB ATTraOIl OF " TOS c~iuj:oi\y9." 

Tus slrcam that hnrribs by you flxoil shore 

RotHrnn no moro ; 
Tlio wind Uiat cliioa at mom ;od de-nrj lavra 

Broathet, uid ia goue; 
TboM i^ither'd flow'ra to sumiuor'a i-ipouug gtuw 

No nioi-o eball Mow ; 
TLose funcn Ioavi^r Dint strew yoD garden bod 

For aye an devd. 


or liiugb, of jast, of mirtli, of pleofitire piuii 

Nothiuff flliali taot ; 
On sliuro. on boa, oq hill, od valu, on plain, 

Ifoughi sball reTQAin; 
Of all for which poor tuorUbi vniuly mourn, 

Nouj-hl (tbiiU ri'ttmi ; 
liife UbIU bifl honr in henr'ii mid oitrtb boDwithi 

Awl io bath Duutli. 


Not till tbo flhuins that clank in costom olinio 

Can fottcr Time ; 
F<ir all iLe phlnls in tbo doctor's storo 

YoQih comes no more ; 
No drag on Age's wrinliled clioek ronovrs 

Idfu'fl cjirly biiw ; 
Ktit all iho tears by pioos uiounicra shed 

Can vrnke the dead. 


Tor all Spring gives, and Wbl«r tskvis again. 

^Ve grieve in vain ; 
Vainly fi)r snnfibluo fled, and joys goou by, 

Wo bcavo tbo nigh ; 
On. CTcr on. villi tmoxbaastud breath, 

Timo husics to Death: 
Krcu with each word wu spcuk, u moxunut llius, 

In bom, and diua. 


If thas, ihion^ lesser Nature's empize vide 

Xothing abide, — 
If wiud, and wave, and letd, and son, and flow'r. 

Hare each their hoar, — 
Ho walks on ice whose dallring spirit clings 

To earthlr things; 
And he alone is wise whose well-taught love 

Is fix'd above. 


Traths finn as bri^t, bnt oft to mortal ear 

Chilling and drear, 
Harsh as the raven's croak the sonnds that tuU 

Of pleasure's knell ; 
Pray, reader, that at least the minstrel's strain 

Not all be vain ; 
AuA when thou bcnd'st to God the suppliant knee, 

Bememher me ! 

J'alttu, OcUAtr 10, 1836. GERALD GRIFFIN. 



TuE fttiiiiy tovD uf VUle-Koae, wUicli Uio ordsUo travoHor joiu-ite;iuj{ 

bulwooD Y and Z-— must liara scon oa lus way, luid ndiuired 

Uuraugli the enrriagc-wiiKlowB, is one of those amiable littlo Fr«Dch 
bomtigliB liuUt (it a time when men naem to bavo had n happier ddUdu of 
the pictnrosqae than tbey possess Dow-a-days. Imagine a siuuous street 
winding fur the hotter part of a mile between two rows of gtihlc-roofed 
houBOfii nod ciil iu half by oo uiciont market-place, in which tire u miuiutnre 
oalkodrul, Ihu rcmuiuit of au old mouor-bouBe, now transfonucd into a 
prefooture, a grey mansion which is Uio residence of Monueigneur tha 
Bisbopr a few abops, and au iua with a painted signboard swinging, old* 
Daabioo. over the doorway. Once opou a time \'ilJe-lU)Bt' wao in the 
dornnin of n fiunons Count who was o father to kiH xuhjerts, and kept ■ 
^Lbot-troe in permanence, as the cualom then was, on the jirocifio spot 
vbero now stands the municipal pomp. Yoor history of Franco will tell 
jiia all abont the qnarrcls between tbc Loose of \'ille-Itoei< and that of 
Valuin. Iu the end the Valois got the b«st of it, and cut off the bead of 
a Villo-Rosu on the Flnco de Grtre, in Paris, not far from the Kite on 
whit:h M. Hansumuuu bus since erected two handsome gas-Iatnps with u 
dosen branches. But tbo Ville-Rost's were a sturdy race, and were not 
to ba pot down for a bead more or less. If yon torn to tbo roigo of 
Iiouis Xin. you will read bow Gaston de Ville-Rosi- fell to lo^erboada 
with lUebelien, and how tbo Cardinal besieged tbo town, and bow, all tba 
proviuons being exbamitcd, save one pair of hoots biiloo^ng to the 
Count, that magnanimous nohluman orderad that tboy gboulJ he divided 
oqoally amongst bis troops, only reserving to himself tbo beel of the lefl 
fbot, which bio ate, and then perished rather than give in. All tbctie 
tbin^ are remembered in Vil]e-Ilos« to this day, and the beadle at the 
oatliedml elill Eibo%«-H to tbo passing stranger the magoiliccnt tomb of tbo 
Count Uftston, wbiirb was onee covered with diver, before it v,-ns stripped 
by lawless AiuM-nJoU'j iu llOS. At present Villc-Ros^ is a peacefol 
town, well disposed towards everybody, and more particularly towuds tha 
reigning dynasty. On tlio favatUi uf tbc prefecluro — ^wfaoro ouoe was earred 
the esciiUiheon of the ViUiy- Rout's ; and after (hat (firom 1792 to 1804) the 
bonnet of liberty; and after that, again, Iho Imperial eaglo; and after 
tliat the flear de-tyii of the Uourhons ; nod after that (LndoTieo Philippo 
n^antn) the Galtiocuck ; and after that (Consulo RiiUino, when M. Ledra 
JtoUin was Home Minister) the Repnblican triangle — now shines once mora 


A ZiifMWflV* ' ^'>'>gl> oeriaiii rtiI Vmgata preleii<I Ihul Ihu 
u oo aan {km part of ihe old eo«k ibot msde pi«t<n'l U» orotf 
froB 1880 to IBIH, Uu tcalpLor liarmg merelj itreogUivD^n] tbc 1^ 
bet and ftdd^d a liule mcce beU to tho bead. For mj pnrt. I sboaU 
bm inland to tcest Ou* uMrtloD oit a colttnuiy, hut I cannot quU« 
Ihti Um tna in Iho maiLct-pUcc, alroaily epokeo of, wss ouee 
fffital iit Ftoi, and iMid Uu threo golden lilies of Fnutc-o upon itfl>j 
t-'/ard. Boca '22, bowerer, it bfts changed ita name to JJt7t 
rt:mpef<«r, aad the Ulioi on the board bave mnde way for the Im] 
bMa. Maarj* paopla bavc forgotten this change, for in tbeee limos 
■DBCMd aacb other bo Cut that it is uoi crorrbody that h&s liiisaro 
nmwnibcr Irillu ; bnt / have uul rorgottcn it, uoither am I Itl:t>ly to fu 
it onti] Maltr« Claode, the host, baa his eiffahoord entirely ixchh 
For ro '62 the worthy man, vhcn ho recbiiRtODed his eatablislimtnt 
beti0t« at the ptmapioiy rcqacst of MDasicnr do FusUv'o. the Pnifedj 
■imjily dtnetad the artiflt to modify the tilii-s bo oa to give them the 
of beei; and the artist did so, Ipaviug, howcrur, the royal Jiafd oxi 
Mhafwu ereiybody know? that the arms of hift Imperial Slajeatr ar« fii 
beea (not (hm>) laid out flat * apon &neld slnopit. Perhaps though, ao 
X eonw to ponder upon it, ^laitre Claudd may not have acted thus nltogetbtT 
viUioal doK^, for MIlfi-RoK*^ was one of those towns tltat vera finolj 
pomadod in the begiuoing that tbo F.mpire would ncvor last ; uirl ^[aitrt 
Clande nay haro thought it a sin to throw away money npon boe« 
an; tDoment the Ulios might be called into serricc again. In thosa dK^^ 
Uo»> was potBessodof a bishop who held firmly by thtt UUos anA 
who sporlod thorn. Tliis holy man had been raittcd to tbo c-pisoopoey 
Charles X., nud he contd oever be brought to look npon Tionis Ptillipi 
w othenHse than a nsurper. Bo long as his Orleanist Miueaty's 
Uited, UoDBetgDeor kept on tenns of cool civility with the anthoritiMj^ 
treating the Prefect to an occaflional dinner indeed, but doing so rather 
KJi an oot of coortc5y towards tbo man than as a token of defoi 
towards the fiinctiortary. At dessert it was Monneigncur's inTarii 
practice to fUl bis glass to the brim with old HordenTix, and to siiy to 
guest : — " Kxcnso mo, Monsieur le PriTct, but it is a custom uf mil 
hlwayt to drink to the ht^alU] of my sovereign," and the two gcntlunc 
would theroti]K)u raise their glasses together, crying out: "Tbo Kiugl' 
—with Uiis diffbroneo, howe%'er, that the prulate's toast was intended 
U. K. H. Ibc Count of Chambon), wbilet Umt of the Prefect— ihoi 
onghi by rights to have been drunk for the reigning monarch — i 
probably intfloded fur lUiytiody. With seotimeuta BO royalliii it ia 
to conceive wbal most have boon Monsoignenr's indignation npoo 
that tfav Kmpire bud been proclaimed. To the liepubUc be had si 
cheerfully : in tbo first p1aec» because resIstaDce would bave been of 

' f.<itil Mtj jfol fa Del the comet heraldic term. I fancy the fval 

rnfonaoatclv, wc rren«-h bsrc no Qaricr Xine to wl as Tij^iu In 



lue : aDd in Uic sceood, because he hoped, thttt b^dinl of Uir ragnnes 
in which Uiey were indolgbg, the RepobUeans voold eoon pavo the way to 
A Royalist restoratioD. This expliuDS bmr it was that he went to blosa a 
Tree of Liberty in great state, and coDdesoendcd, with hie ovn vrhito 
episcopal hands, to otrokc the head uf an iinkcmpt oitizon who was bawl* 
ing: "Vire la Guillotine ! " I do not say the excellent pastor's con- 
science did Dot remiud him, by an occasional twinj^e, that this iras a 
somcwhut Machiavcllic Rort of procoediiig ; hut, thou, ho eoneoled bimsoU 
by rcHecting that it VM all for the good of the Chnrch, and I have beard 
he did double pcnaoce to ^^qnarc bis acconots with Heaven. On the day, 
however, vrbeo he found that all bis pet hopes had been froslrated by the 
election of a new osurper, Uonaeigueur's pationco abruptly gave way, and 
lie vowed with aoletDO emphaaifl that if ever he was can^jht bowing to on 
Imperial fiiiiclioQar^- he would forfoit bis share of future bUss. Somo- 
how these wonls got ahrtiad — as ill-timed words always do, by tbo way— 
and it having been reported that Moaseigneur was going to officiate in the 
cathedral on the xery Sandny following the eleotioo, the whole of "Mlle- 
Itoe^ turued out to note hon- be wuuld dt^meau himself at Uie critical 
prayer : " Dom'mr, $iihum /ae Impemtorfm not(rum Saiiilvom'in," 
Faithful, fftout-hearlod old prelate ! 1 still see him on the altar-steps ns 
he stood that morning amidst a profuand bush, and with every eye in the 
cathedral 5ied ou bini. " Tfomine, Mlvum,'" he began in a clear tone, aud 
got a& far as the word/'f : huL here hu wus seixod with a tit of coughing, 
the orgim opportunely pealed in, and when next bis voice was beard it 
was saying calmly, '•in KTcuttx Mctihnim. Awfu." Shall 1 add thai 
whan Mouseiguoor retiimed home after the liorvicc hiH Eooo wait huamtng 
with nnii&ual good-humour, aud that from that day forth il was noticed 
in Villo-ItoH^ that on every subse<|ncDt occasion when ho nfticiated, 
Monseigoeor always coughed at that word fue, which made Ihc dean and 
chapter amilo, the choriaters titter, and tho Prefect bite bis moostacho 
with uncommon fierceness. 

If 1 have thus dilated npon some of tho peculiarittes that dinUnguishod 
our worthy Biabop, it ia partly for Ibe nuke of observing how much wo 
bavo changed in Ville-Kosi^ siuco 1B&2, and partly, because tallciug of tho 
gWMl prelate leads me direct In the subject of the present murotivo, 
which is the recent election of a new hi^^bop in our auciuut horongh. 
Had you, madam or sir, como to visit Ville-Itoee some few weeks ago, 
you would bare fouud us all in a Rtate of Btrsngo perturbation. Oar 
etroets, — babitnally so (luiol that tho fighting of two dogs in tho roadway 
is enough to bring the entire population to their windows, — our stroots, I 
Bay, were for once oa excitud as Ihoy had been on that famous oceasiou 
ah-eady spoken oi; when we planted a Tree of Liberty in the middle of 
the nmrket -place, luid swore to water it with our blood rather than mffer 
it to die. But thtt time the emuUoD was of another sort ; there was no 
bliiod in it, nor yet sn-oanDg, It was simply this, that thu Juuintd 
(ij/irift bad arriied that morning with tbo news that Mouseigocnr I'EW-rjno 
do Villo-Rosi? was about to be raised to lu archbishopric, and to the 


nrmlci. aad tbkfc Um TfT"H«' Gorenimeat tu going to raeomiDead kii 
lo Ike Ctmzt of BoBM tbr tMU of Uw vftraat MrdiuU' luta. 

Tbe Btfhop, ojMn whom so mttch hoooar vu to W oottCtrtBd, 
aal« of conrWt tbe Baone who was addicted to eov^ing. That 
b«t gabidnig pKkte died vithin a year « two of bis present M^estr'tf'^ 
aeaadaa, alaadi to tbe esid, imd marmaiing. in tlie last nuhW he eva- ail 
tba aaae vocds be ssed to trlu»pcr at tbe eatbadial wben hl- 
f'y^"*t mi'iWMfi! bim: " Domme, mlrum/ae Itoffmn noOntiu i ■■ 
Qaimimm," Ko; the prelate, for whom the erowoed mitro, tliu 
b«fat, and tbe scailet bat were destined, wu a bisb^^ of reiy di&raC^ 
Bonld. lie was ibe next Kocct-seorbat one to MoDneignear vfao coo^oA. 
TaU* bmwk-cred, stera-tac^, and itnpenoos, he wms jut socb a piMSt M 
w« «an fiuKj Ricbelien. Hrerj one of bis grades in the cbnrch bad Wia 
eaned hj tome rigoroos pamphlet or startling Manuii. Tbero wu ■ 
lestuui sboat bis being of tbe cburch uiiUtaut. lie kuw Hebru«» hi 
talk Greek, be was verged id Coptic, and ha wrote his psflanl 
letters in a Latin so pore, that it was the eorf of the whole College d 
Cardinsls. Tbe rise of UoDseigneur Fnlmbe bsd been astoniwhrngly 
n{id ; so rapid, indeed, that were it posfiiblo for priesla to bo tomwatsd 
by the Mcnbu* feeling ofjealoasir, nine-tenthn of Muusel^iieitr's coUeagoei 

laut hare detested him cordiallr, and wiHhi>d bini Bis'liop of Jo 

Beadfr, I forget Uie name of that town of the Jeboslles tlmt was anoo 
besieged with tnunpets. 

Bat tbe rise of MooSMgoeor Fulmine was cot the result of men 
acbolawhip. The bet of his b<-ing woU ap in Coptic migbt bare boas 
a potent recommendation for bim to tbe Academy of Cairo ; but I 
whether it wonid hare helped him macb with the Emperor. If 
seignsor bad scobd tbe ladder so Cist, it was because he had got» 
ri^t way to work. He bad east in his lot with the Imp«nal Goi 
nuot. He bad written a vottmie, in which he bod bufli ted the 
smitten tbe Orleanists ou the chct?.k, and given a fonaidabtc Ideb 
Itepablicans. He had sown bitterness and dismay at tbe Vatican, 
starting tbe (jaestioa of the Gallican rights at a moment when Ca 
Antouelli was growing a Uttle bumptioos ; and bad broogbt dovm npc 
bim in arms both Mooseigntiur Dupantoup, M. Louis Veuillot, sad 
Coant de Moutahsmbert, by the ternfio declaration that in Frauoe the P<i 
fitiMjd only second, aod that tbe bead of the Frvncb Church was 
J^mperor. Bat this was not all : for Mooseigneor Pie, Bishop of Poiotii 
having lifted Dp bis bead at this impioos sentiment, Monsetgneox Ft 
bad gone oat with book and pen. and TolianUy waged war against 
prohUe, causing him to retreat behind bis ontwurks. and jiM^t piercii 
cries, in which he was joined by VVnherK. Le MohJ*. L'l'ni< n. nnd. 
UMdtie ilr /Viiiiiy; who, for tli« moment, forgot thvir di:^ 

wocidcrcd m lameutaUle ehonis>s'but the world was oomugto. li 

the throe political elections that had takuu plaee, whilst be was at Tillp-] 
UonaaJg&Bar b ' ' ' fliioocc tn tbe softl 

lbs official esL : unate Uwn tha i 

ouB NEW mauop. 

IwiDg rdprefionted, — firstly, hy a General of lufuitry, aged 72; 
secondly, bv a Gcn^'ral of Cavalry, aged 73; and tliirdly, by a Gouoral 
of ArtiUurj-, aged 74, aud deaf; tiie laut of ulium is, I believe, legtslaLing 
for our beboof at tUe moment of penning Uieeo Uucs. Sneh uaportant 
eerrices as tbose cotUd not lie ignored, and the promotion to the Henate 
and the ArcUiepiscopiite was but the jnst rewfird of them. Tbere wero, 
oven, many who nmrveltcd why it was thiit Mouii«igncur hod not beoii 
promoted before ; bov it eamo that ho bad been left nine years at ViUO' 
Itotid. I!iit the Imperial Gorcmmcnt knows what it is about. It has 
been taken in so often by eloquent pmlatL'H, who waxed warm in the good 
cause so luog ns there were diguitive to obtain, and iviuced rool in the 
same when Ihcro wa.s nutliiug more to win, that it has grown to be wary 
uf Innsliing its good things too soon. To hold Mooseignettr in patience, 
and to keep his zeal bamiog, there was now and then a rixo of n step in 
the Legion of Hononr : oua yi-ar came the tibbon ; after that the rofietto ; 
and then subsequently the oollai-. There wero honorary- favours, too, 
such as a chaplaincy at Court, invitalionB to C'Ompit-gnc. and an antograph 
letter from his Majesty, accompanying q present of the hifo of Cantr, 
boond in purple, and printed on vellum-post, with gilt edges. But the 
last honom's of lUl were prodenlly deferred nntil Monseignenr had gone 
so fur in bis ioiporinlism that he eoold never hy any possibility ratroct. 
This final leap be took, by one morning pnbUfthing a pamphlet, in which, 
disdainiog to ounce matters, ha candidly stated that the reign of the 
Bonaparte dynsKty had been prophustL-d lu Isaiah, aud that rovolutloa 
and sacrilege, republirauuBm and blasphemy, were four synonymous terms. 
After this, there being no further cause fur fear, the Government hod 
doubtless reilectcd tbat to delay promotion any longer would only serre to 
damp the Hptrito of Munseigueur ; and, thereupon, biid appeared in the 
Jountiil iijl'tcu't that momentous paragraph which created snch exelto- 
munt at Ville-ItoB^. 

I should be adraneing too much wero I to aay tbat SJouscigneor 
Fulminc was very popular AmongBi us. Popular, in fact, is hardly the 
word to apply to such a thonder-wielding celebrity. Yon had only to 
glance at our bioho)) Ut see that between him and Ots people there could 
osist but little sympathy, and thot little of a very cool, condcucending 
sort. Whether ho rode thmiigh the etroots iu his handsome brongham, 
or walked in state op the nave of bis cathedral, preceded by the silent 
vergers and followed by his awe-struck chaplains, or whether be looked 
down upon the whole cougregalion from under the crimson canopy of his 
IhroQC, there wuh alwayi Lho nauio oiproKsiou uf han;^hly calm on his 
face, an expression that kept familiarity at umtH'-li^ngtli and forced the 
most etullwro necks to bow. In some towns the prefect and the bishop 
are friends on oqual tonus, and in others I have known the bishop defer 
with homility to the prefect; but it waa not ho at Ville-Rose. In our 
diocL-Ho, M. dc Fuiitigo, gruut and terrible as he was iu his bcoriug towards 
ns small fry, was the rcnj- obedient servant of MonseigDettr, Kot for 
worlds would he have diHOgroed ii-ith him, or adilreEsod him otherwise 

fflnt tTEW BISHOP. 


thftn bturebeatled, or Tcotored to langh ia Li« prcaoneo. MoDsu^pusI 
knew it, aud trcntod M. do Fustigo H'ith Uie ftruoe grave eonjcidJViM] 
vliich a well-bred man show's to liis batter. As for ihc Mativ, lb) 
General of Division, the President of the TribtinnI, and Uio Proem 
Imp<-nal, tho mere name of Monsttignenr nas cnoaf^li to set tkendl 
beodiug Lheir backs together, as if the}* bod been pulled by a Blring;BBJl 
am porsnadcd tbiit nothing on enrtb conid Imvo induced any one ot fbs 
to cross the threshold of his lordship witbont first putting on a diva-tfc 
a vbito cravnt, aod a new pair of gloves. This will give you itn 
Iho esteem ia n-hich UooBcigncar vng hold in his diocese ; for I '••••^ 
have joa remark, that neither iho Geoornl of the Dlruion nor Ik 
Procnrear-Imp'-riiLl was ovcrfamotis for kniniUly. and it vrna botli i 
novel sight and n wondrotifl to behold them iu the company of his loi 
ship Bo extremelj abaahed and respectful. Three or four times in ^ 
conrw of the jear, JhronseigDeiir ne^ed to iRstio cards for a Btal£ dintHf, 
and once a week, on Taesduy evcDiDgR, ho held a lovec. On tliew htte 
occaaions the drawin^'roams were rrammcd to sutromtion ; oil the pc^Iili 
of oote within n radios of ten miles vk-erc iu the habit of attending ; ul 
if the attitude of snch mighty peraonagcs as tbs Prefeet, tlie Qencnl, wd 
ike Frocurenr was bumble, I leave yon to judge how reverential ms Iht 
deportment of the luwUer gnetttfl. The boor of the levees was eigU, 
hot twenty minntcB before that limo the town was altrnyfl astir to m 
the carriages pass. The tradesmen stood on their dooretope reading Urn 
moining's paper from Paris ; their wives sat at the open window, K 
tho ecnKOn was lino, or clung eodity to Iheir husbands' anus if it was cM 
and wmtry. At the principal caff the tabltis were moved on to the pare- 
mcni outjiide, bo that the costomprs should lotto nothing of the inspiring 
sight ; and at tho Efreet-comerB, no matter what the weather waa, snudi 
boys and small girls congregated in gronps, with here and tliitrv a red- 
breeched soldier, his hdiids duy dcnp in his Irouai'rs' pockets, and a pnpur 
cigarette in htH utonth. Punctnnlly as the old elock in the eathudral 
tower chimed masirally the three- quarters past aeven, the rolling at 
wheels would begin; and, simuUftueously, marching fonr-iiudfour. with 
the dram-major at ibi bend, the rogimeutol band of tho buttatiou is 
f;arn«ton would dehoncb on to tho market-place. 'Iliis allendancc of the 
bond to phiv Iteelhovcn and Mendelssohn under Monseigncnr's ^indon 
was A civility on the part of tbe Colonel. M. lo Ticomte do In PompouoCte. 
a brilliiint ol&cer, who, liku our Binbop, had mado h'n wn ]\r 

in the world, and was. cotijieqneutly, viewed with Invour !> <>. 

In \}io tmia of Uie masicians followed, as a mnttcr of course, all tba 
liagrsg aod bobtail of tbe town, escortf^) in thrtr turn by all tho availahl* 
loUecmeu. >'ive minutce weni qinnt in fnrmiug the tagrug into a s«inl> 

I'lit of tbi> way of the ■ ■ -.l 

< rohicio, of every ngo h! , . -ij 

id build, wnnid defdo in a motley nnbroken proceosion. First to nrr 
as goDcrallyM. dt> I" ' ' ■ ' • ' * ! - ' 

;vo boned. As tht.' d)-* 



rAS oulj t«n yards, it may porliapR oeeor lo some carping minds tbot 
L de Fufttigu migbt Jtiet as wuU have vtJUod ; bnl I txike luavo to romiml 
neb critics, tlinl ir u rrcrMt were to go to an opiHcojiul Itvcc on fuol 
8 if lie vera An ordinate mortal, there would eoon be an oud to nl) 
ulhority. Koxt after (he Vruieei (vit)- impo«ug, b}- the way, with 
bo searlot ribbon or "Commander" round his throftt), Iho (lenenil 
ud his wifo, the Mttvor wid Mjivorcss, RI. le President and Mndumo 
Prt^'siUcDtc, the first coaplo in a respectable clarcQCo. the other t>to 
in no less rospcclablo Hy». After tfaut a nimblia^^ uotbo in the dia- 
Umce, n thrill amou^sl Ihc crowd, oud a stately Cuuily-cofiub drives op, 
bearing MuuKiour lu ManjuiH du Viile-ltosc (d»sc«adant of the celebrated 
thistoD who dc-Tourcd part of his boots), Mndamo ta Mar^juiBc, Monsieur 
lo Comte their son, and MdJlo. Hermine do ViUe-Kost.>. Tlie arrival of 
tbia conveyance ahTa3-5 creates a profound Benuition. The coach is 
emblazoned with una and coronots on every foot of panel ; it has n 
hammer- cloth, fonr largo silrer-gilt lamp«<, ono footmiin behind and n 
towering chasseur, who luokii BO mnguitioent with his cocked-bat and 
pliuncB that the crowd once cheered him under the inipregaion that it vw^ 
be who was the Marqms. Obaenc, I pray, the difference between this 
mi^eitaous cqmpagc nud that which follows it, for here wo biivu the uld 
regime and the now. Xbo next comcre nro mitn|uisefi too : M. I« Maniuis 
and Itfiidame la Morqnise dc la Roche-Courbetle. Thoy rattle up in a 
f^owy new brougham &om Pari«, vAih the prancing clatter of two splendid 
bays. Monsieur is one of the depnties of the department, and wears a 
nhole coostelliLtiou of fureigu urdurs ou his cont ; Madame m one of the 
lieanties of the Cbnusst-e d'Autio : bor hair is ablaze with diamnuda ; and 
her dress of rr^yx* d< chine will bo charged 8,000 francs by Mr. Worth. 
And yet see how small U. de la Conrbette looks when be meets his brotbiT 
marqois ia Monsoigncar's drawing-room. Uadamo de la Courbetto wotilil 
gire half her dtamouds if Madamo du Vilte-Boa* would only oak ber to 
dinner and call her *' ma cbcrc ; " luid M. do la Conrbette would obecr- 
fully renew the Ceat of Qostou de YiUo-ICo«i6 »ud cat part of his bools, if 
only the protid old Martiuit; would shnkc him by the hnnd nnd tulmjer bini. 
Hut no snch luck. The elder Marquis bons to tbc younger wilU such a 
refinement of courtesy, nnd lays so much stress upon the iiLle of }bIar<|Qi8 
with which be addresses Liin, that M. dc la CourbelU) cannot hut feci the 
irony of the salutation, and tries all in vain to appear nt bis cn^o. What 
ninkoH it more prnvokiu^, too, Li thnt tfaore are Bomo shabby- looking 
people in the room with whom the Vitlo-Iios^ seem to bo on terms of 
cordial familiarity, shaking hnods, langbing and jaltiug with them as with 
tntimatA friends. These people bare no diamonds, however, nor yet 
dresses from Worth's, nor yet three- bondred-guiucn broughams. Those 
three old ladies, now talking lo the l^archiuness, nere bonio np to the 
door each in a Bedan-ebair, to the mute titupcfaction of a Parisian who 
happened to bo looking out of the window of the " ]I»tol de I'Empercur," 
and hod never fiticnsiioh vehicles before. That ill-dresi>ed litUo man, now 
offering a piiuib oj tattfl to Uw Jtfar ^ma, caam ia a jtair of golwihcK, wlu&Vv 


Oftt SEW BISHor. 

lie has lefi bdow in tfaa cloak-room; and thnt other little man, prtnl 
compUmentB to MilUe. Hennlne de Ville-ltose, rodo in fhna hia eoottrl 
place upon a rough cob, which will cany him back home to-nu'** • --^l 
Bormi miles' ride, to savo enhhiro. But, poverty ootwiihatoD 
Ifldiei and gentlenioii nro of tho Inie bluo hlood, which tlio A'il]4.-Ili 
lore. There is no qQestioa about their parchnidtiUi ; thoy can Hh<t« 
rixtoen, thirty-tiro, and taxtv-fonr qnartoriogs, which M. d« la 
Coarhetto casoot. Thcj aro LcgiLimisU, morMTer, viho have 
SQUuag nubl^ and eoDsiBtoQtIy for thci-last ntne-aud-thirty ycara, 
to acknowledge any eorercign fiinco Charles X. Their talk ia of 
Pontifical Zonare*, UonMigaear DnpaiUonp, and tho last 
Tb«y keep op in u corner snugly io IhcmscolTes, CArefolly shaltiug ooti 
profane ; and if they attend the levees of MonneigiK-ur Fulraine — i 
tbvy consider m bad as n heretic and dedpisa accordingly — il is 8(in|ilf I 
show their respect for the Church which tho prelate represents^ nod lei 
A vholoAonie exauplo to their iufDrioni. 

Of eonrHO Mon3«iguenr is aware of this. He sees the tacit 
botion implied in the ocremonions bows to which lua noblo j^c 
him. Ue haa noted (and so bsTe bis chaplains, and rq has tho 
and 80 baa everybody, for that matter) that the Marqnie, tbongfa 
attends the leveca, rofbaefi the invitatiotiK to dinnt^r, nud tlint Of 
M- dfi VtUe-Ros^, nor any of his Legitimist friends, ever condesecciil 
ionch tho refreshments which Monseigneur's footmen btind round 
masaivd tilver trays. Bat after all, what does hia lordabip caro f 
niU be goito tune eiiongh to think of propitiating the Legitimiata wheal 
has become n Cardinal, like Monsetgnonr Donnet and Monscis 
BoDnochoao ; and, meanwhilo, ho has adoration io plenty from aJI 
Imperial fouctionarieH, noblemen, and noblewomen who form a gHt 
eirelo around him and bring to his feet the finest homage that 
ambitiooa man can winh, that of wealth and power. Verily, now that 1, 
look back upon those episcopal levees, so unlike what Tillc-Rosti had 
BCOD before, and so unlike — if I may jodgo by the modest t^uour of 
present Bishop's ound — what it will for a long while sea again, t 
Rtruck by tho aniiuntiun which a singlo man of parts U able to '.' 
no obwiiro provincial town. 'When t^oia shall we swi tba i 
band playiut' Beethoven every Tuesday evening under tho ilishoi 
windows, whilst a crowd of three or four hundred people in sii 
jewels, white gloves and white tioa, tlu«ad their way throagU nun] 
fttmished apartmenta to a reotption-room as grand as a Bftnist^r'H f 
ngiin ihall W8 havo a Bishop who will be ublo to colle<-.t, otit of 
hopDlcuii town and department as ours, a court thnt would hnve rii 
that of the Arebhishnp af LvMis or tho Arahbishop of Bordnux ? 
I writo I have Iho pliologroph of Monsoignenr before mc, and I 
il£fEenltto ptnliro that my fol!ow-citiy.rns and I have seen the 
him. My ealvndar tells me that it is Tuesday, my wnl.h r.. 
tight, and it scenu to me that, lO a few minutos, I shall 
PoapootlSo'f band itnko op tho famoug Sonata in G. 


have jon laid oot my «v(>nii]g rlotUen mid op^m-hat 7 have tbe carriaf^es 
begtiu to drivo up yet ? hovo yon ordered me n fly nt tho ' Hotel du 
rEmpereor ? ' " Bat Bsptieto only Blares. Ho rcmeraljcrs, an I do, 
thai autoBUi eveuiug viheu Monseigncur hold Lis last hrev, ihroe short 
days only after bis promotion to tlii> Arclibisbopric. MoDScigncur miut 
hflvfi been in a grievotis btury to Ito gono, tbrtt ho could not wait so 
tnneb as a weofa to nlto^ ti8 time to RiibfHvibe fur a suibiblo tTHlitnoaiol. 
As il was. vo hnd lo make shift nitb an address engrossed on parcbmcDt 
At foor-nnd-twenty'bouni' notice, whicb tho Prefect presented " in the name 
of ttie wliulu diocese," apoaking In a broken Toice and with his offiei&l 
ooat on. ^Vhat n crowd tbtiro wss thiit nigliL. How vru pasfaed and 
elbowed to get a aigbt of Munsoigooar — to watch how ho bore bis fresb- 
bloomiDg honours. ^Vllnt a dcatb-ltkc Htk'ncn there was wh«n he stood np 
to Hpcak, and bow we panted with emotion wben be declared "thatibe 
one bope of bid tifo had been to livo and die amongst ns, tbat our welfani 
and our gpiritual tutereeta had been his solo core, and Ibai tho proudest 
day of his life woald also be the aaddeBt, nDce it took bim away from 
Ville-Rose." It is only great and clercr men, anch as MoDPoignonr, wbo 
haTo the knock of saying theffe things so as to make men feel moved and 
women buret into tears. I looked over at the old Marquis d« Ville-Rosi' 
ODil fanried bis lip quivered; Miulamo bi Miirqaise waH crying; and ibat 
evening, for tho first time, tho Legitimists dipped their lips in his lord- 
ship's wino, and went one by one to shake bands witb bim. 

Next morning, whilst the memorr of bis pathetic farewell still lingered 
kindly in our thoughts, Monseigneor was off by the fitx-o'elock expresfi. 
It was a sad day. Tbe boadle at the cathedral jmt n crape ronnd his 
bat, the Joitrtuti lie Vill«-I{i*ae appeared witb a liliK^k border, the Bean 
and Chapter looked sorrowful, tbe sbopkcepen remarked tbat it would be 
a bnd thing for trade, and I myeolf, wben I sat down to record on paper 
tny impressions of the event, found my pen instinotirely tracing the word 
Ichabod— which meant that our glory had departed. 


Bometicnes it happens thai whilst tho Bishop promoted goes out through 
one gate of tbo city, hia soecessor makes a triumphal ontjy tbrongb 
anotbtir. In those coses the line of conduct lo be pursued is evident and 
simple. The iubabitants have only to act as tbo loyal pooplo of Paiis do 
wbca there 19 a change of dynasty : that is, leave the ontgoing power to 
tako care of itself, and hurry off without loss of time to cheer the new. 
Now, seeing that we were an acnte popttlatiou at ViUe-Rose, Dotwithstanding 
our smallnem, it is just possible that we might have behaved in this way 
towurds Monselgnonr Fulminc bad a suoceasor lo that admirable prelate 
been appointed immediately. But tbe succossor was not appointed ; and 
so, during ten whoto days or thereabouts, wu groan<vd and whimpered to 
oar hearts' cooteut, having nothing else lo do. One marniog, however, it 
oeeorred to somebody tbat there hud bccu ruongh of whimperiDg. " To 
ays/' roQU^Ud^iB philosophical |ter8on, " is eoDtrary lo Khi^ 



spirit of oatnre ; " (tnd forihvitb, with a view to o&liv«uing us, he 
the qoery as to wba would Boccecd to the heritago of MoiUA^piear t 
was lilo tbruniog a ,boue omunf^t melaaeholj dogs ; the whining 
BB by magic, and wo all flow on to Oxo liono. Tbt) fir^t to perceive Ibaii 
fttiddcn I'oviilsinii of focling had takcu plnco wero the pbotogTApfaeni 
town, who bad biU'ly boon stilliug portraits of Monseigncur I-'ttlmiae 
gross ; the next to make the discovi-ry vac the bookscUere, who luul 
drivlag a brisk Ij-ade in the pamplilots oad senaons of bis loi 
Abruptly, tho said both of photographs and pamphlets stoppod ; and, tn 
logical coiucidooco, tho subscnptiuas vlitch bad been puuring Istp 
hands of the Mayor for the purclinsing of a tcslimouinl to our late- Bii 
came to a dead trtaud-atill. Of couno ; and this was just as it should 
Monotonous emotions ore not good for man; the human mind hma 
of rarifity. Ask any Frenchman whom it was bo cmbmcod yesterday : 
will tell yon, Peter. Iiiquin; of bitn whom be pnrpoBefi to embrace 
morrow : ho will answer, Pao). Monseigneur Fiilmiiie unljr Bhorwl 
commoD lot. Ho bad hod his day, been presented with an ad< 
and moorned for ; what more conld he want ? Had ho any right b' 
cxikcct thai 'WO should be miserable about him eternally ? Curtainly mL 
Were vfti rnii by crery means jasliiied in for^ttliig him oomplotelr bm 
that his back was turned ? Unquestionably. . . . 

As a rule the selection of a now bishop does not cause much oxcittdDoil 
b France ; and this for the simple reason that nine Frenchmen oat of tea 
scarcely know what a bishop is, or, at most, bavo but a hazy notion of 
bia duties. In certain prefectures, of the Kocond or third class, ono ofloi 
sees Mudiime la Prt-fcto perplexed with doubts ns to whether it is Sloa* 
seignenr or Monsieur le Gem-ra] who is entitled to precedeaoo; juid tliii 
kuotty point has generally to be settled by prompt actiou on the part 
Munsctgncitr, who, u soon as dinner is anuonuoed, darts forward 
offers Madame his arm before hie competit«jr has had time to forestall 
Of eounie, in higher prelectures, Madame kuow^ perfectly that a biMhoi 
defers only to a duke, a scnntor, or n minister, and that a cardinul-nTchJ 
bishop yields ihe pm to nobody. But that there should be any hosiUtlkm 
on these points, even iu the mind of a nowty-marned little hostess of 
third-class proCectoMi, is a sulEcieul indication of the irroligiooe spirit 
this unbelieving age, which haseorcdnccd bishops b'om their n i < 
and so miserably curtailed their salaries, Speaking for Lt. 
solitary citi74!a, I think wo might with advantage ]My more attention, 
France, to affairs ccclofsiastical thao we are wunt to do. It is Lruo 
aohallowod ItorolatioD of 1780 has deprired hishopa of the tt^'bt to fit 
flog, and bang, which they exorcised a hundred year« n^o witli : -p^i 

to the greater glory of tUo church ; iind it is tmc, morcvcr, Ih 
lEemliiUon hat> inqrioualy ordained that they Hbould pay laxet like 
{oik. Novertbclefui, and despite these sacritegiocs eueroachi 
Fnencb bishop still wields a grvat deal more power thnu. wyi an Eoi 
pn'late. All the Urioi^ <>f a diowsc are in b'a nitl. ilc liiia oos 
authority uver the conTcutfl and monsistcrics, n right of cuutrol ov 




scbulasUc osUbUshmenia coudacted by prtosls ; ancli as ihoagb tliis were 
not cnoagb, bo U at liberty to give u well as take awty, for be cad pro* 
moto, trimslntv, degrade or dismuSr his clergy u be tbinlcfi lit. Tuder tbe 
circiimstAuoeB, if we were to pay a Uttio more attoutiou thao we are wont 
to di> U> oeclcBiaKUeal appoiiitinoDts, T think it vould scarcely he amiRfl. 

At Villc-HosO, previously to tbc time of MuDscignviu* Fulniiug, it bad 

always beco a matter of the profonndest indifferenco to ns as to vrbo onr 

biflbopa were. Wo coctidcntly accepted onr prelates on trust, Bucb as 

ProvidoDce, tbe Pope and tbe GorcmmeDt Boot tbem ; and if no detected 

ibut a, new bisbop wna taller or shorter, fiittcr or tbiuner, Uian bts 

prpdeccseor, wo cimfined ourselfos to maluog a note of tbe fact witboat 

drawiug nuy inridiotin codcIubiods therefrom. On the occasion of 

Koust'igneur Fulmiae's departore, however, it waa altogether another 

matter ; and for once we began eeriously aod anxiously to disca&fl who 

van lilL'ly to bti bis ftucceKSor. Tbe fact is, Bishop Fuknine had been 

snob a brilliiuit tight that be bad llirown, as it were, a hiilo of glory over 

our well-beloved borough. We people of Ville-Kos^ bad got into tbe 

bnhit of beariog tbo world talk about na. When we jonmeyed to other 

cities we found oiu-EelTea objects of envy and curiosity in the cyea of tbo 

inhabitaotfi. Mod Raid to us : "Ah I you como &om YilU- Ttoso. That's 

a fiunuu8 bishop you've got tbero ! " AVomcu eyed m witli interest and 

exclaimed : " He is very good-looking, isn't bo ? Tbcy say be has encb a 

sweet voice I Have yon ever dined with him, Monitenr ? " FortbDrmore, 

in tbe summer months, on Wliit-Sundny and A.<iceDBion Day for inatauce, 

when it mis known that Moueeigneur would preach, tbo trains ased to 

bring us down crowds of visitorH, whose coming inHnted oar vanity and 

r^oiced oar tradesmen. After b&tiking for niuo years in tbe rays of such an 

episcopal planet, it won only notoral that we should dread relapsing again 

into darkness. What if our new HAop shoald be eighty years old and 

toothless ? What if ho shoald stammer ? Viliat if be should bo some 

poor, ignorant old i-ur,-, only promoted on account of his fiouapartist zeal, 

and addicted to talking dog-Latin ? Those were horrid thoTight«. A 

local joomsdifit filled us with dismay by Btatiog bis personal experiences 

of a bishop who ate pease with a knifo and picked tbc drumstick of a 

fowl with his fingers. 

Tbe worst of it, too, wag that we knew of no avnilable priest, glorions 
in his works and discreet in bis manoors, on whose behalf we might 
potitioD oar Prefect to exert himself. 1 do not bclie%'c there is snch a 
thing as a clergy-list in France, — at least I bavo never seen one, — but we 
bad a bootmaker in tbo town who was a very good mbstitate. He had 
been a BflcriBtan once, and knew the oamos uf alt tbe remarkable priests 
on his fingers' end<). Him we accordingly sought ont in hie bock-shop and 
OMUUltcd as to our prospects. Hnt ho could give us no hupo. AAcr a 
patient calonlation, -which be performed with a piece of ebalk on tbe sold 
of a slipper, be declared that tbero were ninctceti priests of talent 
onprovidrd with bisboprics ; only that sixteen of Ihcm were Le^timisls, and 
VOL. XXI. — HO. I2ik» 4. 

0\m imw BISHOP. 

tbiil ot tlie rcmniaing three who leaned ton-nrfls ibo Imperial <l.nmtT.i 
first wag t4K> old, the secuud tvu fouog, and the tltird not quite in 
right miiid. " This last one," h« ezpUinod, " would havu doue *tsy < 
for you, fur be wiia uueommoiily doi^uout lu Uio palpit. Bui it 
bus been itTilint{ three Tolumes to prove thuL the only person 
here below u Uio £upcror, ninl iho effort hus rather ncBettled hiBi.'' 

H« WM a trathful bootmaker who eaid this. AVe knew be 
mcapftble of dcceiring us ; and so vrcat awsj discouraged afia I 
RDDuuDCcumut, ruflcctiu^ tbai c^U times had lighted od oar 
Tbnt evetiiDg, as it happened, there was a smnll purty at the Chi 
la Roobe-Courbette, Boam threo or four milus out of ViUe-Bos^. 31c 
le Marquis had invited a few of tbo local digtutarios ; and,, 
drawing-room, whilst the tea was buiug h&uded roimd, 
7klar<{uise started the Bubject of the vacant bishopric, apostrophiziag 
to my consultation with the bootmaker : 

" Yoa gentlemen have bo«utn-ing to find as a candidate, have Toai 
Monaieor Gnstave ? " 

" Yes, Madame la MRrt|aise, but without sueeess." 

" Wliat a pity t We conlJ have got np such a protfy pottiioD io 
Oovemment. We might hare had it written on toned paper and tied 
bine favours. The Marquis and the Frofoct would have pi-esonttid it : 
the Minister of Jnatico, and everybody bore would have signod it," 

" Signed what, my dear? " asks tbo Maiquis. 

«' VVhy, a petition in favour of a new bishop Kuch as Moi 
Madame la OenO'rale, Madame h PrvfOtc, these gentlemen and X mutJ 
find a bishop who will bo as much like the last one as possible." 

At this 1 notice that the Prt-fucL wiuct's. lie has not foroattea j^tf 
immoDse amount of humble pie he consnmod under Moiiseignoar'a tenH 
and the prospect of couUnuing the same diet ondur his SQccesaor is 
particularly tonlalixing. The General, who also ate hamhle pie, ^s 
kind of snort and bursts oat frankly : 

" Kgad, Madame, I hope our new bishop will be made of softer ww^ 
than the other." 

"To be sure Le was terribly haughty," brjs the Marchioness, latighiii|. 

" And arrognnt," hursts in Madame de Fustige. 

"And crosa-tempered," remarks Madame la Qi'-atoftlo; and upon liui 
the tongues being loosed, we devole ten minuli-B to the nurcstnioed 
ploajmro of picking our late idol to bits. The Prefect, aa faeeomcA sis 
position, abeUius from the Hport. The Mayor, less vetsed in diploui 
joins in it naively. The Ot-ncml, who is loo good u Boldicr to like cacklii 
idpH his lea in ailence, but mutters once betwctii his Umih : " Confc 
the fellow, he used to lumdle ns as if we were tuneptns." 

*>I am ourtiuu he must have had a glass eye I" cxcliuma 
MorebioDoss, *' be a»ed to etaro so coldly." 

" And do yon know I belifivt? br ilyod his hair ? " nyoiOB UaJauu) j 
f^rcfrU: ; " that lustrous black vfan not uulnnl." 



" Toflh, my dear/' intorccdcs the Prefect, eDJojublj, '* Uiis is going 


*' I don't think so at aII," laagUs Madama la Ovo^ralc. " \Vhcn we 
poor woiiiuti dye, you <;;ciitti!meu prucbum it fast enough." 

" Ye», but I tlon't Ibink MoaaeigOtior did dje Lis lialr," responds Llie 

" He had Bcarcely any to dye," obscrrca the Mayor, sitnply : " he 
always wore a skuU-cnp." 

" Mooaieur Jules SiHtot, yon don't join in tlic debate," exclaims the 
Marchioness, rapping her fun ou tho table near her. " Is Monsciguotir 
goilty or not guilty, did he dye or did ho not ? " 

M. Joles Sifflot is editor of the Juumal ttt Vme-IioMe, vhich wont Into 
mourning on the day of Monseigneor's departure. 

"Madomo," ho anawors, coolly, "I never was close cuon{:;h to hii 
lordship to judge. Beuig hut a humble jourualist, Monseigneur never 
allowed me to come within twenty yarda of him." 

" And yet what a tonching article you wrote oa the day bo lufl I 
YoQ eoid you felt as if you had lost a second father." 

" Bo I did, Uadome. 3ly father naed to pull my car^, and tell me 
1 should come to no good. Moneetgneur nsod to moke the same obHcr- 
vation ; and if he never pulled my eurtt, I am sure it woa nut for want of 
tho wishing." 

Bverybody laughs. Monsieur SilHob ia one of those gentlemen who 
can never be token at a diaadvootagc. 

*' A thought has just occurred to me," remarks the Marqui^o, after a 
tnonicnt'H pause. *' Monscignour's d<>partura is a morti wjioua miiltfr 
than wo fuucy. Ha<l he slaved he would have represeuttid this diocoso 
uL tho (Kcumenical Council. Ad it jx, we aball nut be represented." 

'' That's obvious." observes M. Hitllot. "No bishop, no representative." 

"Dear me, I had forgotton Ibo Conncil." says Sladamo la Profvt«, 
with something like consternation in her voice. " What a calamity this 
i» t I almost wish MoDaeigoeor were bikck again." 

" The muru so as, if he were back again, he would soon be off for 
Borne," rejoins (he Mayor, amnscd at his own wil. 

" I shoold have been glad to see ViUo-Itose represented." mnnnnrs 
the Maruhionesa. ** Monseigneur Fotmino would certainly hare dono us 
honour. Ue will make more noise at the Council than even Monseigneur 
I)npanloup or Monseigneur Ploutlur, and by-aud-by there would havo 
been a miuiUon of the Uitihop of Villu-Itosc in all tho history-books. We 
might, then, havo had a statue to him in the murkct-placo, and a column 
comuitiniorativo of Iho Council in one of tho aisles of the cathedral. 
I>eBr, dear I how provoking this is. 'Wliy couldn't the Government bava 
waited tilt next year before taking him away ? " 

" MoDsoignc-ur si-'oms to have risen in vulne again daring Ihc last iive 
minutes," remarks M. iSifDot, pbleginotieally. *' 1 fuioy ve are beginning 
to forget his glass eyo and his stained locks." 

4— S 


" I never saiJ hli) eye was glass," replies tlu MarqnUe, impetooasly. 
*' I only iiaiil it looked Uko it." 

** And I nm gure I don't Imow thnL his Lnir was d^ctl," adds tfadanu 
la Prcfete, relenting. " It may be only a mistake of mine." 

" Como, come,*' growls the General, •' the Bishop was very well os lie 
was jnst now ; I don't see uuy use in putting hiiu together again. He's 
gone, and won't come buck, that's the long nnd shofl of it — so lot'* tjdk 
of somebody else." 

The Marquis nods appronngly. " Bravo, GenoriJ ! Irfl'n try botwecn 
US and find MonReigneur a BUccMfior, If wo let my wife talk, she will 
Boon be for writing a letter to ssk his lordivhip to return, and she will cajole 
you and me into nigning it. I Hce her iutuution in her eyes. She is 
already thinking of the tontid pnpcr and blue ribbons." 

" Well," smiles the Marquiae. " wouldn't that be bclior than letting 
the Cormeil go by, and this poor diocese remain mthout a reprc- 
Bcutative ? " 

" But who told you we shonid be without a reprcsentatiTo ? There *« 
plenty of time to hare a fi-esh bishop, and to send him to Bomo id his 
new clothes." 

" Yes ; hnt it won't be the aame thing. If we hftvo a new bishop ho 
won't be a man of talent. The bootmaker f^ild M. Oustave so." 

" \Vb(> if) thu bootniaker?" iuijitireii the Manjuix. 

I explained lo M. do In Itoche-Conrbette the peenliar idioftynorasiy of 
the artist in qQesttoo, who made boots, and acted in his hours of leisure 
As an ecolosiastical dictionan.-. 'I'be Marquis hstened, and nhragged his 

" You're been going on a wrong tack, mon cber. We nemo of us 
want a biBhop>mnu-oMalcut; iil loati-t I speak for mvMlf, and I bcliere 
the Hrefecl nnd the Qencral agroo with me." 

The two functio&iries sod, and lo does Uio Mayor, ibongb uot 
appealed to. 

*■ What we want," continaos the Marcjuis, "Is a bishop who will do 
what we wixh him. A good-tempered priest, Qvo-aud-llfly or tbi.-rt>abouli!, 
well tanght, not nmbilious " 

" No striker," breaks in M. KifHol. 

" What do yon moan ? " asks the Manjnra. 

" It's in Kt. Panl," responds the editor, " and I BnppO)«e it uieano a 
bishop who won't deal his colleagtioa hard blows on the bend ulion waning 
with them about the infallibility of Lbe Pope." 

" Bat you would givu us a bicihop wittioat any soul or life in him,' 
protests die Mnrcpiisc. 

" Not at all," answors the Marquis. " We shonid have hlui civil and 

well drej<4cd, Uis cassock should be of as 6ue cloth aa ^Iousi>ij.nienr 

Fulmino's, his gold cross u handsome, and his cambric buids as white. 

Ho VDold preach good sennons, not too long or too short. He wouli! 

t iva cosy levees imrc a week, and ho wynld go to the (KcumeaJcal Council 

OUR NEW B18U01*. 

aud mako a smart spcccli or two, so lu to got tbo aamo of YUle-£osa 
iulu Lki' bitttory-lwokB. Do joii nccept my pictitro ?" 

** Yos, we auopt on Ifao^e terms," exclaim tbu Udiofl togcLbur ; " but 
wbcro are you going to &jnl tbis paragon ? " 

" I don't think there vrlll b« much difficulty about finding bim," says 
tLe Marquis. '* Ha is not a |Mragou, he is only a very ordinary l^ito of 
priest. Tbcro must bo suvoral in tbiti very dioecee.'* 

" Hbtc yon already get your eye on ono ? " asks thn Prefijct, with jusl 
tbo slightest sbude of unoasincsH iu bis tone. 

" So, Moosicot lo Pivfet, but thltf ia nhat I propose. Let ns here, 
this ereoiug. go over the list of the priootH in the diocese, and if we can 
agree logutbor about a Ukuly caadidiile, wo will draw up a petition and 
start ofT with it to Paris. Yfiur iuterust and mine, luid that of my brother 
deputy, will bo euuugb to rccommood bim." 

" Humph 1 that's uut so sure. Uut wo can tr^'; the stake is worth 
the gaute." 

" Vciy well, let us clear the table, and fitteh pu:i and ink. One of 
the ladies sbiill piofide ; M. Ju1l-s Siillut uiU uu duubt act as ttctircLary ; 
nitil we will vote, ns nt the Palais Bourbon, by Ay and Nay. Let nit ttaa. 
How many of us are there ? Three Indies ; yourself. Monsieur le Prffet ; 
the General, oar Mayor, M. Si6lot, M. Uustave, and 1 — that makes nine." 

" Siomro Dfiis iiiipuri ^fiiiuiri," mutters Jules SiHlot. 

*'l8 my motion appmred? " ufka the MiirquiB. 

"Y'cs," ciy the three ladies, Uugbing and Inking off their gloves. 
'* Yes," echo the Oeuural and the Mayor. " Yve," nods the Prefuel. And 
so, heiug all of one miud, we sat down in a eircic round the table. 


I vUI pass over the proliminaries of our memorable debate : the unanl- 
moufi election of our ho^tesH to fill tbu chair, and the finst hour and a half 
of Ibti actual proceedings : for none of those points offer any vital interest. 
We Uad dmwii up a list (if all the priusts of tbu dioi^L-ut', and our metbud 
of winnowiug tbe candidates was tbiH: Madame la Mar^juise held tbo Mat 
in her hand and called out tbe names one by one. If wo ^proved w« 
were to say " Ay," if we disapproved " Xo." When it was doubtful, wo 
debated on the auhject ; and if anybody chose to ask for a ballot, wo 
voted by dropping napoleons and fraues into a bat — the gold coins 
signifying Yen, and tbe silver ones Mo. It seems we must have had a 
Borry collection of ecclesiastics in our diocese, for w« disposed of sixty* 
four candidates in half that number of minutcii. After tbut there was a 
tco-miuuti!«' dificuKsion over a priest who wrute Looks and played the 
viuluuvcUu. He was a worthy man, hut I think bis musical instnimcnt 
proved dctrimonlal to him. At the ballot he wiis gralifitMl wilb ei^^t 
brance and only one napoleon. Next, there was a fierce debate over the 
Archdeacon, who was strongly supported by tbo Ocneral on tbe ground 
that he pbyed whist better than any other man in the department. I'he 
Profoot TQstuxod to hint that this was eearccly a qualification ; and the 

(juestion 1>eiDg pat to the rote, was doridod agHinst hia pCTOrenco by stx 
tn Uiree. Thoro was somo pretty skirmiBhiDg orer the namcB of ibne 
minur omona and two fervid vicar?, but in each eaao tbo ballot pi-oTcd 
unpropitious ; neither yras any Bocceas achieved by a cm'ato who doroied 
bis leisure to the rcariiig of toroips. A hot strife was, however, waged 
during a whole half-hour over the name of a young procciitor aged twentj*- 
hls, who had a voice fis sweet as n barrel-organ. TfaiB gentleman wa« 
acooptod on the spot by the throe ladies, who were for having liiin con- 
secrated without farther delay. In vain was it urged hy the combined 
logic of Prefect acd Mayor, to aay nothing of the General, that the gifted 
candidate was a great deal too young ; that ho mast wait at h^ast twenty 
yearn or so. This proposition was indignantly sconted ; the Fre«ident 
exereiited her aathority to enforce a general Rilenr«, and then mada a 
Bpooch which lasted ft quarter of an hour. There was a reply from tho 
Prefect, find then a counter-reply firom Madame la Otni-rale ; a ballot was 
demanded, and, amidst a deep silence, it was proclaimod that tho yoon^ 
precentor had miKsed his chance by jnst a single rote. Alter this came 
an episode which cuuacd Rome little shame and cooAiriOQ. Uadame 
read out the name of ono AUk^ Biruneau, famed for hifl good worhs ; asd 
instantly there was a chorus of praise from every mouth round the Luble. 
Tho Abbi!' was an angel in diagnise, a aaint, a modem Chryaoatoro. Noror 
Htuce tho early Christian days had such a man been seen. Half hia 
Kftlary was given to the poor; if ho had a loaf he shared it, if he had a 
rout ho lent it, if he had a penny-piece in his pnrso ho cheerfully gavo 
it away. The anecdotes we knew of this good man's charity wore so many, 
»tid the volnbiUiy with which we doliverod them was bo great, that tho 
I'rettident was obUged at last to strike her fan on the table, and to reijuest 
ns to speak each in our turn. This we did, waxing eloquent with our 
tbemo, and declaring, every one of ns with touching oaraestDesa, that it 
was a sin and a disgrace that the OovommeDt did not more oRen choose 
sneh excellent men as this Abbe Boonoaa to be bishops and pastors of 
tfao fold. Tho unanimity was so complete that the matter seemed 
deftnttely settled, and the ballot that had been asked for a mon 

The hat was passed round with a pocket-handkerchief covoriug it, 
each of us dropped in his coin, but all appeared to feel ao certain of Iho 
result, that there was none of the usual cxcitt-mcut when tbe bat canto 
hack to the choir. What was not our stupefnrtiDu, however, when IfaA 
President, upon raiiditg tho handkerchief, aouoTmcod, in a somowhnl ahame- 
faced tone, that the Abh^ Bonneau — tho excellent, the saintly, the aagolic 
Abbe BowMon — hod been treated lo nine black balln I On hearing (hia 
declaration wo hung down oar hpada and beeamo dumb as fish, every ono 
of ns being conWcted of bypoensy. I snppoee it i» that we none of us 
had racb a decp-rootod admiration for stainless virtoo as wo professed to 
feel ; or, rather, that we fcarc<I to take for binhop a man whoso coantleM 
perfect ionn would rcniind us so consUntly of our own shortcomings. 

I shall not dwell upon the htilf-hoiir of almost silent i-otbg that 






followed tho Bonnoan inoidoitt, bat hasten on at once to tbo moment 
when, aft«r going right through oar list, we found oonelves at loet 
M-itii only three moro candidates, each ctf whom had already trinmpbcd iu 
h prcUminaiy ballot, and now awaited tho oompetitirc toat of a second. 
They wero mnch of a muchness tlieee three ecclesiastics. They would all 
liarc made excellent bishops, and had tJioy bcon weighed in that famons 
piiir nf Bcalc9 where bo many of as, it seenu. arc found wanting, I fancy 
it would have beon a delicate business to decide as to which was the 
heaviest or tho lighteBt. One of them was the incmnbeut of the Church 
of 8to. Clorindo at Villo-ItoBo ; another was a canon at tho cflth«dral; tha 
third woa none other than the dean himself. 

This last candidate was, like moat French deans, a vary amiable little 
man. Reports said that ho might have been a biidiop over and over 
again, had be liked to exert himself. But, somehow, he preferred his 
OAken stall to an ppiacopal throne, nnd when pressed to ask for a mitro 
inrariably exclaimed : — " Nenni, mes amis. If I become a Monsciguonr 
ehall I sleep better than T dn at present, itbnll I look better, shall I dine 
better?" And when his friends answered him no, for it was, indeed, 
impossible to sleep, or to look, or to dlno better, thnu did the little dean, 
tbon be smiled good -humon redly and said : — *' There, you set*, I have 
nothing to gain, and it would bo tempting Proridonco to change my lot." 
One of the most winninf; oharaeterisljcs of this Uttle man's nature was 
this, that ho never disagreed with anybody, and would thna, as a bishop, 
have beon of iniintto volao to the Prefect. If M. de Fnstige bad said to 
him, " My dear Bishop, I hope yon will exert all your influence for the 
Government candidate," he would certmnly hare promised to do so, 
and, what is more, would have kept his word, miless he had mot the 
ipposition candidate afterwards. In this latter caso, however, tho chanoes 
e two to one that ho would have mblu.'d iuto tv&rs at the recital of some 
republican grievance, and bii%-c votnl for the liberals with all bis heart. 
Everybody would have liked to see the Dean of Yille-Row beoomo 
bishop. He had snch on honest face and sucb good round eyes. Bat, 
then, we knew it was no nse to think about the matter; and so, after 
liimenling all round that he sboold have so little taste for gorgeooB veet- 
nients and violet cassocks, we [msscd on to his two competitors. 

The first of tliese gentlemen was a prieat of the muscular Christian 
school. His parish of Ste. Clorindo Uy on the outskirts of Tille-Rosi% 
and on Sunday oveninga after vespers, when the weather was fine, he 
might alwayi bo seen playing bowls with his parishioners in tho field 
adjoining bis vicoi-oge. There was no conceit about him. His playmates 
wore the blacksmith and the miller, the dairyman nnd the cow-boy. Any- 
liody who Ukud to come was free to join in his game, and although the 
worthy man never Htooped to. nor tolerated fiunHiarity, yet ho had always 
a pleasant word to say to everybody, and a frank, chceifol manner that 
mode people glad to talk with him. L'Abbe Goarde was one of those 
priests who do an inunenae deal of good, and do it in the right way. 
. lived Iba life of his poorer parishionera, understood their rci^uirca 




ouB NEW Bisnor. 

and et^oyed Uiolr confidence — which is the best prRuio that canbeaiA 
of bim. for to win the coufidouce of Frcuch peofiaDlfl is much Ux* 
work than it seems. With regard to political opiniouB it is oot veijn 
Ihnt he had any. As a pnest the Abbe was Decossartly oppoMA 
ovorythiug in the shape of radicalism; hot it is duublfiil whether 
cnthnsiasm for the Kmpire, and its peculiar code of ethics, WM 
vorr deep or vcr^" genuine. However, at the electJonB ho alwayt 
for the ibuperialist candidates aud advised his flock to do the same, 
was awnre that a liberal priest in a diocese gOTcmod by an ntit 
bishop, and in a dopartmeut ruled over by a dettpotic prefect, leads Inl 
Bony time of it. 

L'Abbo Oourde'e last competitor was a man of different, Ihoagh 
qnite opposite, stamp. The eun- of Sainte Clorinde was stoat, halo, pi 
flpokcn, a sound schuliir and a fdirewd renHoner. MfHiaioar lo C 
Ponceau may hare been a shrewd roasouer, and it is certain that b« 
an iiccomplisbed scholar; but he was neither hale, nor stoat, nor 
aivelj plain-spoken. In the matter of plain i!peech he rather look 
the Dean. He agreed with people — aud Ihla, not with a craflr end 
view, hot fliniply bocausc he abhorred discussions, and liked to kc«p 
good terms with everybody. He was a man very honourable in all hif 
ociH, and ciquisitely courteous lu his demeanour. Ue detested evct^-thiif 
that was shabby, vulgar, or mo«n ; and dupiscd villany of all sorta, 
rather as something dirty thau as something nicked. In his «< i - 
which, by the v»y, ware modoU of (<le*caut French — ho never ayi ■ 
any other feelings than those of faounnr and good taste. He usod to potnt 
out that Buch and such things were unworthy and oubwoming ; tryUu; 1« 
make sinners ashamed of thomselves, instead of attempting tu frights 
tbem ^th talk of hell. Perhaps his discourses bad no very groat efleci 
upon the more thick-headtnl of his hearers, who did not understand 
good taste was ; but they ased to make many so-oalled gcutlomaa 
UQcomfortablo, and cause many selGsh geutlewumcn to fidget very an«. 
on their seals. Canon Pooeean was extremely popular, however, ai 
couiteoua men mostly are ; and he was equally egtc-omed by all p 
bMBUM on no account whatever would he ever meddle in polities. *• 
U IftHjit qui oourt fd poliiiqat ett unjni malpropre" he used to say 
his qoiot voice, '* rtjp n'aime pwi nw titliy l^t tnaini." 

Over theee two eaodidated wu debated for a foU hoar with 
animalion aud no lack of eloquence : — 

"I am for I'Abb^ Gourde." said the Goneral at last. '• Ho is orni 
your downright men, such as I like. If yoa put a mitre oa bis bond 
warrant ho soon becomes as great a bishop as UonseigDcur Fiilmiaa." 

**I think ho will," ausworod the Profoct, "and that'^just what I 
sfmid of." 

" Vi)iy afraid ? " asks the Mayor. 

" Boirause, Monstcor lo Alain.', it will be I who will have the w 
lim in order ; and mounting guard over a bishop is no t 



" I don't think M. Gourde looks quite as a bishop should," interiwscs 
the MarchionesB, " he wears horribly thick boots." 

" If that is all I daresay he will buy a thinaor pair to quiet the eon- 
sciences of his diocese," remarks the dry-humoured M. Sifflot. 

"But he takes snuff, too," ezpo8taIat«s Madame la Creneralo, " and 
out of a poDuy box, with a leather thong for a spring." 

" My dear, if you like to invest ten napoleons in buying him a gold 
one, I daresay he will accept it," gnmls out the General. 

"I think the discussion is straggling beyond its natural liniits," 
observes the Marquis. "Let us go to the vote on the question as to 
which of these two priests will represent us best at the (Ecumenical Council, 
and allow us to lead the quietest life afterwards. My man is Monsieur 
le Chanoine. He will make a scholarly speech that will be printed for its 
excellent Latin, but which will oflend nobody. After the Council he will 
come back here, and rule the diocese in peace, breaking no one's head, 
nor exposing his own to be broken." 

" Yes, and he's such a perfect gentleman," chimes in the Marchioness. 
" He always looks so neat, and well dressed." 

" Yes, he wears thin boots," observes the Editor. 

" Monsieur Jules Sifflot, I call you to order ; you seem to think that 
the personal appearance of a bishop is of no moment whatever." 

"Nay, Madame, but can we never hope to walk the road to profer- 
ment in clump soles ? I am concerned in the matter, because my own 
boots are thick." 

" As a man of the world, M. Slfllot, you ought to know that the way 
to preferment is not a road but a carpeted staircase," exclaims Madame 
la Prefete, laughing. 

" Then the carpet most have an uncommon number of holes," 
responds the Editor, "for more than half my friends have cracked their 
bhins over it." 

"Come, gentlemen, let us discuss the matter seriously," interrupts 
the General, making a final appeal for the plain-speaking Abbe Gourde. 
"Look here, Monsieur le Pr^fet, the Cur^ of Sainte Clorinde always 
votes for Government, whereas the Canon votes for nobody." 

" Yes, General, I know the Cure of Sainte Clorinde votes for ns ; but 
it is not so sure that the Bishop of ViUe-Ros^ would. Take the breeching 
ofif a mettlesome horse and he not unireqaently kicks over the traces. 
Believe me, we shall be wiser if we select the Canon." 

This opinion of the Prefect's definitely settled the question. " I think 
poor M. Gourde will only have two votes," said the Marquise, taking np the 
ballot-hat. " Ladies and gentlemen, has anybody anything more to say ?" 

"One word, Madame la Fr^sidente," cries the Prefect. "I think 
we have an additional reason for selecting the Canon in this fiict, that 
he is well connected and in good odour at Court. We might have 
some difficulty in getting M. Gourde appointed ; bat I do not think there 
will be much trouble ip obtaining the appointment of M> Ponceau," 
■ i— 5 



" In thnt caso I give m," fsays ilio General. 

'• 80 do 1," echocfi M. Sifflot. '* If his rcvcrpnco bftH firiond« at 1 
to help liim over tbc bolos in Iho nUir-RBrpct, pour M. Gourde U bud 
cApped, and 1 see ao chaoc« for him." 

"Wo will Toto then," eara tfcc Morqmso ; "Uioee who an 
M. PoBce&a put ia gold, tlio&o for M. (loarde silver." 

The hat went ronnd as before, the coins were dropped in. widi 
next moment U. Iv Clumoiuo PoncoaTi was declared nnammooalj 


The election over, ao ai^uurumont to llio supper-room was Tot«d, ui 
the health of our bishop-deeigDate, prnpOBod by Madame la Mtirqaiu ui 
socooded by Madame la Prcrote. vm drunk in hrimmom of 
Certcs, if many bear do good of themsolTcs nrhen (hey lay thi 
next a keyhole, others, more fortanate, might reap a few hours* exqnls 
blifiij in lisleiiing from behind a door La wluit i» being (uud of tfacm wit 
I fancy M. PoDceau, for instance, would have found no reason to com| 
hod some conoiderato !>]>iriL lifUid him by tho hiiir of his head and 
mted him privately under onr supper- table. For uinDty nmialas 
without cease, his trompet was bravely blown for him to tho 
accompaniment of jingling glasses and clattering flUv&r forks, and wl 
at last, vre roiie from table (it being then 1.80 A.31.) a motion was mniri 
to the effect that wo shoold set to work at once upon tho petition to 
Goremment, and not Boparato nntit nil the preliniinarioa had bNi 

80 as not to loss time, however, the drawing up of tho pulition wif 
eonfided to M. Jolea Bifflot, who sat down to the task at odcu, nod in leal 
than half an hour bad indited an nddreRs remarkable at once for its tnilb, 
itii elevation of langaage, and iU paUioLlc Mntimeuts. 

I snbjoin this valuable docnmcnt : — 

To Ills ExccLLBirot ran UiKistaa of Jcshck. 
Uomutra LE MiKmua,— 

Wk, tbo iniilfr>igiM:(l inltnbilanU of the iliooen of yille-R<w£ 
appnocli }oot £xccll<nH-,v in thv lio{)c tliat tho rctrviit bvav}' licrcBTvuicnt frT>in wliii 
wc arc sntfcriag will give uh a ilatm to yoar s^mfathirB and yvni atU-ntino. Yi 
Exrp.]lcni;v U atinn* thai tfac genial Christian virtues wbicb so |itv-CDiitiently dist 
piisliei) unr IbIc Bith"]) rendered him inexprcuilily dear to his flock His pnUi 
hb mottcMy, his g<:nrrou« solicitaJe for all in eom>w, nnd, nlinre all. ihe 
fauflUily which chanK»nze>) the whole condnct of hi* life, u&ve bim a pUce in 
bcarta tucb ■• bail never lievn held before. Mire by hi« Mi\jc»tylho Einpemr.her 
M^JMty the EoD^QTW, and bin Hlgbucn tbc Prince Iiii|ierial. Under theic rircani* 
ipbmcw it ia but iiaturAt, Monticor Ic Utni.'lrc, tbal in the first Huih of nnr prafovad 
fwa ahcmld camctUy dciirv Hint llie lli^linii who in lu BncrM\l to Mi-maeittaoa't 
piece in onr dlocceo Bbonld altm b« the ir^ipicnt of his wealihr bcritagc In nor 
alTectidni. Well knniHnr, ai w? fln. tt^w iWy h \hf nf^f itfi"H. hnw smIiMia tlv 
Mid bow c(|aitablc ih ' ' 1? I 

apoD iJw wiectinn ot ^ . i-.^- 

riMiM not do bvttPT titan A»»iL Uie ajipoibtiiteiit yiUich ii u»*}' |<l«to^ Uia h 

Government to makf, coaBd«iit Uwt the apfwintiocQt will bo of b naturo to utUfy 
most clMiruLod liopcs and fill u v>itb the UroUeal gratitude. At the same time, 
, his MaJQO^'B Qorcrameat Iuto nut jrot made choice of a ouididnte, we would 
Bt hombly Tcnttnc to pnf four Exoelteac; tu eossidcr the cliiia» vf Mvuiicor Lo 
ChuiHiine I'oucmd, a priMt wbo eccbib lo bara been eiqterialljr EnabioDcd bjr 
Proridcncc to pick np the mantle of MotiBoignenr Fnlmtne, Par be it ttma ns 
Id lutre recourse to any mcp wltirJi ktmnld tet-m to jaar ExccIIcncv to mvour 
of iircvnniptioo. But ia th« {iitcreKts of tmtli w« think, it ligbG to eUtc that ever 
ftiacc tbo da; wbcs our Ut« bi»Jigp left tu, Iborc hiu been a unanLmons aod hennfctt 
hope ia the >ireast of orcTy iDbahitant uf the diooett that the GoTcmment woold 
•elect M. I'AhU' Pancenu. C3iildr«n Us|) tbo luuae oC our bcloTcd Couon in tbe 
Btreeta, notfacn hlcNi him, nM men praj for htm ; hlit reputation far gondness, abn^ 
g&tion and charity !■ iwiirc^ly inferior to that of Moasdgncur Fnlmtne. Shall wo 
add thal> lilic all the tmly vlrtnon* men of this land, M. Poncean i* deeply devoted 
to that Great Sovercif^ who hu bestowed upon France scrmicen year* of unititeiv 
nipted order, aoil wbo«c nijga shioca in the chronicles v( oar coantry witli tbo 
beaiuiDK lij^fat of iDComparablc glory ? Mo, your Excellency bos divined ibis, for 
Iiad it been otherwise, M. Ponoea&'s naioe woold not Itave hml ihe impport of the 
iindeireJgiied peliliODcni, w)io beg to Bobaeribe themwlvoit, with ileepeat re>]wci, 

Mnosicur le Mini»tre, 
Toot Excellenry'a most hnniblc, fniiliful, nnd obedient Semnt«. 

** Ono vodd think yoa had douo nothing bat write pelttious to 
Government all jour life," sajs the Blarquise, its M. JtU«B Sitfiot finishes 
the reading of hi« composition. 

" It's tho officiiU candidate stylo," answore U. Bifflot modestly. "I 
leoniod it from reading Mooaienr la Hart^oiti's addroascs to his cooatituontd 
nnd Monnieur lo Fnifet's speeches in hrova of Monsloor lo M.iiri]uia. It 
in a good style, rich and comprohennive, and has the merit of swallowing 
tho whole look at once viitbout making any bonoe abont it." 

The Pnfect and tho U&rqniH look at each other and grin. Mudnmc 
In Marquise mps M. Bifflot ou tlio fingers ; but tlie poUtion is asaeutod to 
iiBTertbeleM, and the only thing that tiow romaiitia to bo done in to 
oiTBogo abont obtaining tho siguatnres. Tbo General promiscfl that two 
hnndred men out of the garrison shall sign on the morrow momuig, tho 
Frefoct will sco that a like number of fireo and indeiiendent citizens slmll 
ftifix thoir names tn the fMVuoun, nnd tbc Mnyor engages to collect sigua- 
tares from all the maimed, halt, and Hick in the hoHpital end asTlnms. 

"What wo want now," aays Madame la Qeo6ralo, "is a few of tho 
elc^. It woold look veil ,if we had the Bignatares of a ooaple of him- 
drcd priests." 

"Yes, it vfould," assents tho Marf[iiiH ; "but Uio only way to gel 
them would be to eominco each of the two hundred that be was petition- 
ing in favonr of himself; and that is a stroke of iliplomacy which would 
rcqniro more time than wo can spare." 

" What do yon say to doing this instead ? " asks the Harijaiso. 
"It's an idea Unit has jnst occurred to me. Huppo)>o we go to the JLbbc 
Bonceau, and get hiui to accompany you tu Pariu with tho petition? Ue 
is so good that ho would do it wUiingly, nnd Uie eflect produced would be 
exooUentt for tho dour man is known eveiywhere as a saint." 

■i^Tm. twii , irt m h op e tha Minii ttt will aim rtciato his rnmta bt^ikftx 



lliAn W0 Hoom to hA» dond." r^oins M. Jules Slfilot, kngluog at the i 
IvcUon nr Uio tiinp binck balls. 

" I nra cortiiiii hit will." unyn the MarchioneM, positiTelj. " I «mi 
llnllLinti witli liiii KiooUeticy niiA day aImuI this veir Abbt- Boaaeaa, aad 
hu lulil mu lbi> old miia WM Uio Tcry |je«t iiriout lu Fruueo." 

** And m} bo is rory Ukely," aoBwen Modune la Proft-Ui ; '* butt 
,bIIi T ddii't tbink wo rnrt !>o binracd fur nut bario^ voted for him. 

■ iiib) novor dit for a bi'thop ; bi) wonld giro oil bis clotlies away to 
I'Mur, ftud IfiAVo bimHolf not bo uucb ah faU mitro to go lo cliurch in- 

Tbii Pmri-ot tokoi oul bis wiilrb. " U'h gottiug late," bo int 
** it** nlrt'ndy yani throo. Lot db sottlo our pt&na at anco. Ml 
ulfirt nlMiiit tlip Abb^ llonnPBii is n good one. Bomebodj had better bm 
Lim witbiiiti delft}-." 

*' That can bo doao wbilot }'oii are coIlecUug the eigDatnrce," njt 
(bo MarquU ; " but I thiulc tbo liost plui of aclion vill bo for as uU 
lilivt al Uio prcforliiru nl two, afl«r the pottUoD has boon signed, 
rnti th<>ii g>^ tngothrr, nnd onll upon Cnaon PoDCcna, to t«ll bim n-liat w« 
haY0 IwMu iloing ; aud oflor that go to tha Abb6 Bonneaa, vrbo cnn taka 
Xhp nTo-o'c)M<k train uritb ne for l^ns. If vo mumgo thingB prumpllr, 
^M< tball b« back hore iutliirty-nx hoars from this time, with M. Ponccan'i 
ft]<|K>iulmotit already signed and soalod." 

TbiH [iroiHMin] vnn approved, and jnst as the first glctuu of monung 
tniliglit mui davninfi, Uio giieBts of M. Ic Marqnis loil tbo Chutoan d« la 
lt>K'b«-0^nrMt4>, ncll pleased wiih hAving, as they fancied, manafactimd , 
a bialiop, and pmrniiiing to moot i^ain at two. 



I will do Uw Profeet and Iho Q«neral this jofitieSf thai mft«P * 
bMcrot lov'fl aUtit, th«ir aet io work tik« m«D. Tbe Geaeml, 
M \m bnakfiul <nia OT«r, hmi two hvadred rank and file marched ttp tv 
hia Im«w>, atkd •i|>buiie4 to thm. Umxigh the windov, that the^ «a«ll 
Wt« %n com* up, six at a limf>, into the nsUlwtlo, aad nga a paper tint 
««■ laid VB thfl UU*: thoM wbo eoold not write woold get th«M whe 
«iMiM lo iiga fbr ibin^ H* tMti that H was aboot a nvw t^of^ 
«5d aak^ Umm. Ibr tha farv of fka thing, whtlher they mw atrr 

<4pMk«. IWs ii«* laeUal Ihaa ao maOy. that thoy a& heg^ti Uo^iie« 
V>y *Wr ; wfua wb>c^ tb« Q sa tt al lin^wd too, asd woot \mA to tab 

y* ■»•*«. 

howwrcr, fcefen giNBg, tloU aay adhlsw wba 
bbto ahovM hm ««« d^t? ia tha 5tf* ^ AAty. Thr |*r«- 
b^ faiirija roDtewd a tnadTiaablo that bo shi . 
part in Iba whole a&ir, diAn«4 tU 
to bi« sacrcUiy. Tlui jwaaf niiitli— j. *fag ^ 
«ai,tottnitt wnt daws to ^ ivwcr cMi cf ^ 
ia {wapiM;, aad ;rirM-> 
iT fi^i«, told 
th«7 U. B I iy. aw W 




imnvfauj pftid domietlifitTTitiitB to tbro« f;irtfl'-s«boo1.s whore he undertook 
a btiof panegyric of Cuuou Puncuuu, paid a few compUnifuls Ui tbo govor- 
Dcssos, and oblomcd as ninajBif^xttaros as there wero ladies. A haiidred 
and leu. however, still remained to be foand, and the yoniig geutlemaa 
was beginning to feol tired. lie accordinglj chartered a amall bov, to 
nhom he gavo a frmne and a ream of foolscap, ou thu first pii^'e of which 
he wniU", in big letters, " Vutn fumr I'tiiitvaii raiiiluht fcftrhiim^'^ 
" Vnti'll gn," said bo to the amal] hoy, " and got a hnndrtd and tvu 
wtirltmon tu sign tJictr names on to the blank pages. If thej ask who 
Ponceau is, yon will tell them he is a cousin of M. Henri Itochefort. If they 
want to know what relittiqvr eiguilieiS, jim will say it means good dinneni." 
An hour lifterwardfttlie small buy retnmed with throe biiudred names, 
mauy uf wUivb were interlarded with such apptopriato exclajuatitms as " La 
JJbet-te »u. la Mart ! " *' A bas /« Tirana ! " " I'l'w la Itantrmti .' " " A 
ChniHot lea Pritra!" Ac. &c. The honest aigDitorioa bad thought that 
their votes were retimred on behalf uf a "friend and brother," uud had 
ieBtifi(>d to the wamith of their sentiments iu the usual way. " Bah I " 
laughed the secretary ; " it doenn't much matter. Petitions aeat to 
Ministers are always thrown into the wnato-paper baaket, and nobody ever 
tliinkft uf looking at the oiginiliires." And upon this he ga%-o the suiull boy 
uitutbci franc, aud walked back to the prefecturo, pluaued enough with his 
uoruiog'fi work. 

The Mayor, meanwhile, had been as busy as the Oeneral and the 
Pr«foct'8 secrotaTT. He had gauo rccmiting suffrages iu the charitable 
institntioDS under his control, and had obtained them as easily aa be bad 
at the laat pohtioal election, uhen he had mustcrud kucIi a fine coUeetiou 
of cripples to vote for the Prefect's cAudidatei. Ilitt by this time the tout- 
ing and canvaasing iu different (juiulerH had begun t^j excite attention. 
little by little tbo tmUi leaked oat, and as news spreads fast in smaU 
towns where the inhabitants have nothing to do all day but count their 
fingers and thumbs, it very quickly became known that Lho auLhoritiea 
were alarting a petition for having Cauou Ponceau appointed bishop. Wo, 
theu, had a reproduction of that eternally instructive story of Pauurge'a 
abeep. Seeing some of their fellow- townsmen sigiung their names on abeota 
of paper, divers ambitious ciU/t;n» iH^came poaseaaed with the desire of 
signing too. Many men and womc^u who could not possibly have the amallesk 
interest in seeing M. Ponceau elected, hurried up feverishly to add their 
names to the petition. .Aa the morning adi-anced an<l the rumours vaxe4 
more persisient, tjiiiet people left thiiir housca and wout JLovra into tbo 
Btrvota to ask what the matter was. The day wim n lovely uoe, oud thu 
cathedral bells, aa it happened, were rtuglug full vulk-y in honour of sumo 
saint. Of coarse this was somehow associated with the talk about 
M. le Chanotne Ponceau, and there were plenty who believed that lho 
jubilant Canon was olniady trualiug hiuihclf to an exulUug i>ual aa 
Ui:tiikxginng fur his appointracot. Gradually a crowd began to gather 
round the dour of tbc Maiiie, where a copy of the petition was displayed 
Cor signatures, and, before long, Lho polico had to bo called into roijuiui- 






^OD to form tlio gBtheriog into a long qwuf, and only admit dgoitiaia' 
three at a time. By twelve o'clock tbo Maine had received n ilioatui 
namos ; hy ono, five hundred more had baen added ; and at two, «Ib 
the nine promoters of iho petition met at tlie prefoctnre Bcoordinf b 
ftrraogemtiDt, the crowd bad already gronn outbusiaslie, and wen fiv 
going and giving M. U Cbanoine an ovation in front of bis hoaee. 

" Onr idea seems to bave taken root," began tbe Harqtiia as saai 
86 wo were all collected. 

" And what a noise it is making I " exclaimed tbe Hnrchtoucflg, 1(k&^ 
oat of the window in ostoiiishmont at tbo tumnltnons assemblugo t^-' ~ 

" Ye«," says the Prefect with evident tmeasiness. '* 1 begin t ^ 
yto hod let the business alono. If the QoTenunont hare already thoo^ 
of somo one for the oppoiatmenti thoy will not thank me fur havii - 
up all this nproar." 

Madame la Prcf<'-tc bit Lcr lips, and looked onl of tho windo'^v 
the ilarqaisc : " Is there no way of stopping tbem f ' ' she asked anxl. o^ , 
not at ail liking the idea of a qnarrol between her husband and Uu 

•• I'mv Mnttamf tn Pre/Sir I" cries an urohin In the crowd, who hM 
perceived tho two ladieu. 

*' Virr HnehfjaH ! " yelps another. 

» Ohd Uimberi I " 

"Viw Iia*[<ml.' Hop! O La Lanfrme ! " 

" A t»a» Ui I'refch de ttatatml / " 

" Confoond them, thoro thoj go," mtittere tho Prefect, with a sSmt 
of tbe sboolders. " I ongbt to bsvo foreseen nil tbie." 

*' "Well, all wo*vo got to do now in to breart it,'* observes JqI«s 
FiOlot resolotely. •' I think, too, wo ought to go and call on Cantm 
Ponceaa at once, for bo won't be able to nnderetaud what on eiLrlh aS 
this means." 

" To he sure, we have been forgetting tho Canon ; he must be hih 
out of his wits by tbis time," exclaims the Marquis. 

■* Wo had bctt4;r all go there together," says tho Prefect. *' When 
wo bare seen bim wo will look up the Abbe Bonnean, nud then ea 
straigbt off to Paris. Minnies are becoming prorions. By hook or cit>ofc 
we most got Ponceau appointed." 

Tbe ladies adjasted their bonnets, the men pnt on Ibeir bate, and the 
whole party of nine of us went down tho stairca&o and sallied ont ialo 
the 8quare together. With snob o crowd as there was it was impoasibln 
that we conld pa^s unnoticed. The Prefect, the Geueral, the Mayor, and 
the Manints, were n.*€0)j:tiizt>d immedislely. The shonting and chaffing 
reaaed. Tbero was au eiclutnge of salutations, a tailing back right sad 
kn ; and then tho wbolo crowd, re-forming itself (n our rear, followed u 

in ailence to see where we were going. So long as wr h, (j]* 

mariut-plaeo tho cjoidt continued ; bat when it became ^ ' 

wtre making for tbo ohurch precinct* v^ero tho Canons livL-d, oar 
took it as n lulh^^OMn^UAt we weie gotug tv piiy a 


tulation to >f. Poaceaa, anil burst oat into eheors, rare and fiuut at firai, 
but growing gradually louder and moro goueral, until tbuy colminated 
into an immunBe and fraufic roar ^vhen wo fiually stopped befora tbo 
Canon's houao : — 

" I'or ileaven's sake, M. le Prifet, what does all this mean?" 
stammorcd M. Ponoeaa, oponing ibo door to us himndf, and eboviug tu 
into bis parlour. He was very pale and agitated, and trembled whilst 

" Tboro's boon a mob there all tbe morning," bo added, excitedly, 
without waiting for on answer. " Every time I go to the door they shako 
their hats at mo and shout. I can't loam what it is they want ? " 

" AV» hanj com* to exjdain," said tbo Prefect, unable to help smiling 
at the Canon's startled appearance, " bat we owe you an apology for not 
having come earlier. Tbe stcr^t is this, my dear M. Puiioeau. we are 
nstng our influence to try and get you made a bishop, and the poopio 
somehow hare got wind of oar scheme." 

" Jtie a bifih«p I " exclaimed M. Ponoeaa, standing stoek-stiU, with bin 
two hands on bis breast, and looking at us with perfiect stopoiactiaQ. 

Wo had not eonuted on bin showing hu much Hurprise, and his 
cmotiou rather diseoueertod us. 

"You don't mean to say you would refuse a bishopric?" says the 
Prefect iimnz(.-<l. 

M. PoDccau passed his hand across his brow and sat down without for 
Uii' moment making any reply. He seemed not yet able to ronlizo what 
he bad heard, and took time to collect himself. 

" Excnso mc for this ucrroosnoBB," ho replied at last, ftpeaking in the 
sofl voice habituid to Uim. " The events of the morning bare rather 
unsettled me, and your oommunieation is so auexpected that 1 do not yet 
know what to say to it." 

" Wo should all be so glad to see you a bishop I " observea the 
Manjuiao gently. 

" Yoa have done me a great honour," answers M. Ponceau, with 
quiel earnestness ; " in honour such as it needs a lifetime of grutilnde 
to repay. But forgive me if I tell yoa that the honour is not one 1 
over coveted. I know most men say this when they are raised to 
diguitiefl ; but with me it is the truth. I had grown to tore the quiet 
life I lived here amidst my books, and I have passed that age when tbe 
prospect of entering upon a career of ambition could compeosato me for 
throwing off long-eberiahed and familiar habits. What yon offer mo is 
a crown, Monsiciur lo Prefet, and crowns are always heavy when our 
heads have tumud groy." 
jt " 8liU, yon must not refuse," pleads the Martiuise. 

I " Nor do I, Madame," answora the priest. ''* I should be ashamed (o 

I decline an honour withont baring a better excaso than that it soomed to 
I lue irksome." 

I >' That's well spoken, nr." says the Qoneral. " For my part, I don't 

I think a man has any right to refuse hoooors ; unlesg, that is, he feela 



loo weak to bcRT ibem ; wbJch I am son," adds tho old soldier p(«l)tW5 
**u not the cast) vith joa." 

" We muHtn'l bit going too far, however, and raising false hopii,' 
iutvrposefl the Vreleei, recalled to a suddon seiise of rpmlitjea liT i 
more rfao^Min^ oatside. '* Hind we hnvo not got }*oo jroar biabopric jctj 
M. PoDceati. wc are going to l^aria about it to-day." 

Ucre the MarqaitiC and thu Prefuel's wift> explained to tiie Canon 
a iHrliliuu liiid Uwu drawu up fur prLitoutatiun to the (ruvornnictit, 
how it was alrmdj coTeruT with scleral thousand Biguatuma, M. 
UstcDtd and Mvi^mt'd ioucbtid. He had lii^cn quit<< sincere hi 
that be lored hia present mode of lift* aud was loath to loavc it; 
mou mniit bo made of wood who can h&ar uumoved that thouKonda o(: 
aru lixeiiing theuuclTes to do him hcinonr, rmd aro hntliug hin n&me wili 
abouta uf guod-will. No douhl hud tho amiabltt Cauon been able to 
buhtod tho Bceoes and see how thv comedy of the potition hod 
ttart«d, and what wafl the real iatriuaic valuo of must of tiiu clioan i 
heard, he would havo folt a contiidGrable number of iltusious abanduii 
him. But happily for him he could not »«« behind the sccucis, and thof 
hud L-vury rBasoD lo louk prond aud pleaited at th« Aatlering recital thftt 
WB6 made him. Tn hnvn been Bppoiatcd bishop by tho nolo will of Uii 
Emperor or one of his Mluitituni, would not liavu gratified him OTcr mnchj 
bnt lo bo raised to the episcopal chair by the mjiuilmons roioo of 
diocese was an honour so great that, leiog really modest, M. Poi]< 
eonid not help aakiog liimself what ho had dono to dosoiro it. 

" ?hLiud, wc i«hiill expect to hear some ppleudid Hpteciioa £i-<iir yoo at 
the (Keumeuical Conoril ; when: of rouise you will go to n^irciKut 
dioceHe," smiles tho Marquise. 

" Depend npon it, Madame, that it will be my conetnnt oRoK to 
and repay the kiuduess showQ me by representing Vills-iloso wurtiiilv.'j 
Aud afl he spoke a liaah of generous ambition gleamed before the CaDoo'i 
eyt:ti. Ue fancied lio saw hitni>elf standing omiingKl tho biahopa 
8L Peters and amazing them by bis cloqueace ; and tho ihoiigbt of 
pride which hie< dio('e»i<. might tei'l at hiH triumphs, giive him the pleui 
which gladdvna au honoamblo man at the hope of repaying a bcuefoclor. 

iJut with all Urn it wub getting time to be gone. Tho cuthedrnl cloclc 
chimed half-put three, and wc had no more thou ao hour and a hulf biifo 
the train stArtcd. Wv iccordingly took our leave of the Canou, who aoeaa- 
pauied us to tho door, uu luuger alanucd utiw by thu tumult which Lai 
out afrosb as mioo iu wc renpjiearod. He Ihiuikcd ns eotdially for wl 
wo were doiut; (ut him, and ahook hands wilh us all round. 

"tkiod-by, M. Poocj-hu," says tho Pn-feol. "I hope this Ulno lo-^ 
morrow w« may be back here wilh good news." 

•' Yoii fctart at onr*f :• " aitk^ the Cauon from his doorway. 

** Vci ; at least wo are going to call uu tho Abbe Bauioaa first, "n* 
Intend tokiug htm with ns to holp pl<<iul your cause." 

" Dear rao ! but 1 am afraid yon will be disappoiutcd of findisg h 

rem M. Poncoau. " 1 do not think he if here." 

" Xot hera I " erics the Prefect, taraing rooud, 

" No. 1 oallod at hia bouso yeeterdfty, and thay told mo bo bad goa« 
to Paris. " 

This wns a strange piece of oewti. that took us all aback. A journey 
to P&rifi on tbd port of tbo Abbe nooneau nvas a tbinK ^ utterly mipro* 
ooduiit«d, Uiiit occurring at tbis particular juucturc it struck us na tuuuo- 
tbtuff omiuons. Tbo Abbi^ lived bko na ancborito, never ntirriug beyond 
bi» parisb. Wliat could be possibly want in PariH, nod at ibis ntomout 
too ? We mufled upon tbis qacstioo as we went aloog. ood could Gud no 
feasible ruply to it. Tbc crowd, wbicb hud become porfectly coDi-in<!cd by 
tbis titoe that M. Ponceau bad citber been, or was just on tbo point uf 
being, appoiutod bisbop, followed us as closely hh ever, and tbongbt, no 
doubt, to give us pleasure by cbcering and leaping, as if tbo Uitlenninm 
bad come. Bouie of tbo emallor citizens tuned eomer&anUs in. tbe mud, 
to mark tbeir keen appreciation of M. Ponceau's virtues ; a few more 
struck np Purtmit />nur In .%/i>, to testify to tbeir loyalty towards tbo 
ImjMjrial d>-uaf«ly. At tbc pn-ft-cturo n'O sloppod to take our ranHU'l<nK», 
and tbc fauioua petition, wbicb Lad swelled iu balk to tbo size of a lino 
folio volume. In tbe excited state of public opinion we judged it scarcely 
pradeot to bavo earriages to carry us to tbo station ; for once a crowd 
has lakou into its bead to bo entbnsiastic. tbere is no kniiwing tii wbat 
lenj^s it may go. It was just as likely as not tliat tbo mob, baviug 
uotbing else to do, migbt itmrnt upon nubamesfling our bonies and drug- 
ging us in trinmpb round tbo market-place. We set out on foot, tborc- 
fore, OS previously, tbe ladies going witb us to see us ofT, and five footmeu 
marcluDg bebind witb tbe luggage. Ou our way we called at tbe Abbo 
Bonneau'a boose, a small cottage with a tbatcbcd roof and a nnglo 
ebiraney-pot. It bad occurred to us tbat perbnps the AbU- had returned, or 
that at all erenta we might learn why he had gone. But we fuund him 
still away, and we coidd gather uotbiug from bis hoimeket^per but that ho 
had started off suddenly witb bis curate a few days ago upon receipt of a 
large letter iu a blue envelope from Pans. This was too vague to belp us 
much, but when we had turned away, tbe old woman, as if auddivnly 
rumcmbcriug an importaut clae, eallud out to as at the top of her voico 
tbat tbc letV'r bad no stamp !« it, but tbat tboro bad yet been ndtbiiig to 
pay. This news caused tbe Prefect to arch hi* eyebrows, and the Oeiiora! 
to utter a fbrmidabta " Unmph I " for the letters vitb no stamps oa them 
and nothing to pay are nsually tbe producta of Government offices, and 
what tiie Abb^ Boaoean rould have to do witb sncb, we were at a loss to 

iTpoQ arriving at tbc alation we found that wc bad fltill twenty 
numites before ns, and tbat a train was just coming in from Paiia. We 
were all silent, puudcrin|j over the Abbt' Bonnenn's myRterions obstncc. 
Tbc Miu-tiuise tiiipgexted ho must have had a le^cy. Madame la Oi'iD'rala 
wandered whether be had not boen summoned to bcnr a Icetun^ from the 
Uioistor nf Jnstiee upon his charitable prodigalities, which let\ him 
pffcn M'ilb Bcurcely sbocB ^o bis ff^t, Uia KzccUcacv the JtTmUtcr was 



knomt to b« a groftt stteUer about the clergy maistaimiig a hect 
ftppeanncet uid it wok just possibL) lie might ham -wished to 
M. Bonncau that n clcrgj-man, wiUi holes to his bootot is an olgcot 
desen-mg of censure. We vera in the niiditt of onr speculations and 
donbtfl, when the Paris train came rambling into the statioo, and whom 
ahoold we Boe lodting out of one of the mndows, irith his nsaallT 
placid Dace, but this rcry Abbe Bonoeau. It escaped nooe of os that bo 
vtis tnivcUiug ill a Brdt-rlnKH carnage, and thnt hin ciirnU; was Bporttng 
a new hat and a piiir of black gloves, miaccastomod Inxurit-'s. 

"Mod cber Mocnienr Botmeaa," my» the Prefet, runniog forward 
and botding out his hand, " bow delighted I am to ace jon." 

" This is really very good of you, Monsicnr le PiV-fot," ttSten the 
oM man with beaminf^ looks. " 2 didn*t know the uewa had travuUod fo 
4ast, bnt, to l»e anre, I bad forgotten the tt-li^apfa. Thank yon all 
kindly for coming to meet me ; it's verj* thoughtful of you." 

" Ahem ! " coughs the Prefect, not quite onderstanding. " I snppoM 
yon hare bad & legacy, my dear AbW. Bo Madame la Uarqaise tbooj^t, 
and we all beg to offer our coi^atolatioDS. But, ahem ! we are going to 
ask a Cavoor of you, and we hope- — ' 

" Anything in the world I cjui do to oblige yon, Monaieur lo PmfetJI 
breaks in the poor old Abbe, perplexed. 

" Well, it's just this," contiuucs the Prefect, " and you will excsao 
us for being so abrupt, but the fact is, we have very little time beJbre os. 
Wo have lMM>n getting up a petition in the diocf^t' to have Canon Pont 
made Bishop of Yilk'-lto&t*. We ore going now to PariR to carry this pc 
tioa to the Minister of Justice, and we want you to accompany tis 

•' Mon Dicu ! " atammcra the old Abb*-, becoming terribly tv< 
" Then you hare not hi'ard the newa yet." 

" What news ? " asks the Prefect, breathless. 

" Why — why — dear me, how iiorry I urn for all tJiis — UoDsioar 
Pri-fcl. why I havo just come from Paris — from the Mioistor of Jnt 
tind the vacancy in lUlod up." 

•' Filled up I " cries the Prefect, aghaft ; *' and by whom ? " Bert 
had no need to await a reply, for the Abba's cnrato coming up at 
moment, took off bis hat, and said rospoctfolly — 

" The luggage U in the fly, MoHM^gntar" 

Our new Bi^op was the AbW? Bonnean. 



^^e lung of Stof&tn's yoems.' 

That the present ruler of Sweden and Xonray ranks among the miifit 
BCcomplJHhL'd of living Enropeftn BovereigaB ie a fiwt probably fftmiliar to 
a Iwgo Donibflr of our readers, Irat fow even cjf these are, wo daresay, 
exactly aware of the tmo character and eiteat of his accomplishments. 
It Quty bo, tboruforo, ioterestiog to etate that one of bis chief claims lo the 
distinctioD whieh has, by goneral consont, bocn aligned to him, exists in 
liie circomsUuioo that, although bom a monarch, be has chosen to i»ecomo 
a denizen, like onrsolrefl, of tbe Republic of Letters, and haa ^vcn proof 
of bis fitness for snch a citizooship by tbe publication of one or two 
Tolnmos of poetry — the works that now lie before ns, and to which, as 
we presnmo they are in great mensnre tmknonn in England, we propose 
briufly dirccLlng the atlontinn of our readers. In a eingalarly modust 
preface to one of these volnmcs, Ibo royal poet informs as that ita con- 
tents bad been in privnte circulation for Bome lime licfore they were giren 
to the world. Kovoral of the poems, howovor, having obtained publicity 
tlirougb a Frcodi IrAQBlation entitled tieijtmiet et Potme* Scandinare* 
tfiiJuita ttu SueJoh, par 0. B, d« Ld^eic, ConxtiUer u U Cour Imperiat^ 
lie I'liu, tito author bad no longer any scruples abonl pormltting tbeir 
appearnnce in the original form. The first-named volume contains tbe 
two longer poems, Jleiili and 7'.*n VHnnyam^i, along with a nmnbor of 
sborter compoaitions ; and tbe second-named volume is a small collection 
of songs and occaffloual verses, pttbUsbed abeat two years alterwardB. 

\^'1iatevcr Opinion may be held witli regard (o tbe abstract merits of 
King Call tbe W.'a poetiy, there can bo tittle doubt entortdiued as to its 
cnuiparutivo value and aiguificauce. There uxistti in it a>)aiidant proof 
tbnt its author has been endowed by natnro witbno inconsiderable portion 
of tbu divine gift of song ; and, anxious as we are to avoid aught resem- 
bling exaggerated pnise, we do not besitnte to affirm that in many passages, 
more especially of the larger volume, there are rivid tracos of something 
greatly beyond the ordbary focile fiuw of vorso, which is too oRen deemed 
sufficient to cnUtle its composer to tbe Ulustrioua name of poet. The 
royal anibor, indeed, wields evident mastery over tbe noble and sonorous 
language in which be writ«« ; bat there is more, a good deal more than 
tliis : there la a certain gracefnl power, a certain pictorial beanty, in bis 
description of men and things, his portraitaro of ebaraetor and laudaeapos, 
vhicli, if wo do not greatly mifitalte, appertains to what is nbeolntely 
essential in all poetry that rually deserves tbe appellation. Languor and 

* I. En SamHnf JOHitr, Af C. F. StocUtolm : Bamsoa aod WaUJa 2. SmJ^rrt 
Diktrf. At. C gtocUiolio : Sauuun anJ Wnllia, 



diffusencttB bio, it eftnnot bd denied, oocasionallj paredptiblo, And wc ct 
oIbo murk at limos the proseuce, in the shorter poetuF, nf ii senlimeutaliF 
that atmoHl vcrgfs on morbidity ; bnt n. ftonnd aiul healthy objoetirenc 
distiogiuBh^ the lunger coiaposilious, aud it is uuly here and there 
the smiiller poems betray the pi-eseuce of Ka unduly subjective elemenl 
Thora is. moreoviir, oni» thiu}; which is thoir prominent and very ploi 
chnrovteristic : they nre, althoiigh pictorial, woDfierfiilly free from 
vico of tivcrdimo wurd-puiuliu^, which to go painful en extent impaiis 
much of the pooLry, olhcrwiso commendable, produced at the preseot day. 
There is no extraTagast opuleoce of diction aud illnstration ; the 6gare« 
employed ore, although perfectly appropriate!, for the main part chaste : 
simple ; aud the fueliug evoked in tbo miud u( the ri>jider is conseqaont 
that of calm repose, itistoad of cxhiuiRting oonfR.>ii(in luid benildei 
Such, nl IcAsl, ia the imprcasiou left by their perusal on ourselves. 

Were oddiUonid cridcnee rc(iaisit« to prove tho loyal and loving xeo^ 
vith which the BeruiLdotte dynast^' has ever eiriven to iilentify itKelf wit 
all thai in diKtinctivnIy Scandiuavlaii, itud diKliiiclivt^lr Hv^edish in 
ttcalnr, it would bo found in these poems, tho chief nf vhicb tchI upon 
thorough uorthi-m baHiH, and are siipnimely redolent in evory pnffe 
t^audicaTiaa thought aud feelioi;. The lato King Oscar was carcfiill; 
trained by his sagacious liithcT in accordance witii Swediab ideas and 
nsAgcs, and theroby &tt6d as Crown Prince for the duties so ably diffg 
charf;ed by him after hi» ascension to the throne ; and his own appredatit 
of tho literature of tho coimtry over which he ndcd appears to hai 
(ioRcendcd in yot larger meiuiura to his boq, the present mnDarch. Tn 
spirit that pervades some pculions of King Carrs puelry wo may trace tli 
influence of tho soatbem blood of the successful ttoliiier of the Empire. 
EngcDc Deanhamais and the Bavarian princess he espons<}d ; bnt ita 
preralent tone is Dorthem,— a striking proof that hereditary character- 
istics, however powerful, have not been strong euoiif^h to rouutcract the 
sway of early educatiuu and dcvelopmout. But, be this as it may, Ihtt 
fact is unquestionable tbat in thc^c poems the SeiiudiDarian element pre*. 
ponderates, for not merely are Hritli and the VUdtiffaiaya founded on tbcmt 
draHii from early Swedish history, and not merely do they display 
tfiuguhir acquaintance with the grand mytbulo^o* ^1* the Eddos, but lh| 
whole treatment of the sabjoct, to tho case of either poom, is tboronghlj 
iu keeping with the mouDer of the Sagas, if we except one point, to whic 
we shall prcKeutly refer. Thoei; fauitliur with modem Swedish litcratui 
will at ouce comprehend our mi-nning when we stale tliat it is to Ui| 
school of tho "Oolhs." and not Iho " Pbosphorists,"' that King Cfl 
emphatically bclongi. TeguiSr's Frith'u->fmn<jn — that beautiftd. but, oa 
humbly rnnceivo, somewhat overrated poom— appears to have been 
foremost model ; auJ, nitliongfa thoro is qnito cuioigh of originahty ii 
Ihiiii and the V ikin-inMa^n to reJeDmlhom fntm tlio chan^o of auyht in ll 
«hape of B«rvile inutation. tbo reader ik loo frequently reminded 
Tognifr's dcifvcU u w«ll ns of tun itxceUencos. For, in iho Svc< 



iiircti'n poetry, wc find the pasaiou of lovo, which plaja ao promiuont 
'pixrt ill the two irorks jast montianed, arrnycd at times in a garb undol^ 
mi>d«ruixed— represented oa noorisluDg iteelf on raj^e Belf-reflcctioo aq<1 
Tnoro romantio ecntimrnt, iimUtud of appcuriug as th« Kouud uiid iiclivu, 
yet lasttag, iuHtieoM', iu wbich form it is pourtrnjcd to as in \he old auux^ 
and stories of Dorbbcni Europe. Kuw, as ban bceu bo often poiiit<;d onb<, 
— omoDg olbeni bj Ueiberg, the ablest of the DaQiRfa critics, — it is this 
vcn,- thiug which cnonUtatM tbo leading blemish in TegnOr's most celo- 
braled work. Frithiof n-oos lugohorg, and Ingeborg retoms his salt, 
in tUc strlo of a ruath Hud mnidi'D of the nlnetoeulh century, and not in 
accordance with our idoa of lovo-ioakiug an prnctisud by tbo beAlhon 
BciuiditiaTians at tho early periwl when Pritliiof aud bis mialresB lived. 
Kiu>{ Ciurl. following in the Bishop of Vexiii's footsteps, has unfortmiutely 
allowed the detct iu question, — one of the few vices impairing the 
imintirtiU FnikiofuMjfjti, — to defuce, in some measuro, hia two largar 
work? ; bat, with Ibis uxccptiou, the cour«« of the uurrative and the repre- 
teulAtiou of characters are tme to the spirit uf llie aiicieul north. Ij«t 
OS, howorcr, now give a brief account of Ileitii and tho Yikitujtutuja, 
accompanied by a fuw translations. 

The first of these poems, while containing comerous specimens of the 
most varied vernlication, is mainly written iu a somewhat i»ecuh'ar and 
rhymele«s. yet, in the SwediBh. sufficiently musical measure, which never* 
tbeless loses not a Ultle of its easy flow when we attempt Lu reproduce it 
in our own langnage. Still, as wc wish to give ns faithful nii P^nglish 
renderiog ns possible in the brief extracts we have chosen, we prefer 
adhuritig with all fideUty to tho measure of the origiu:il vene. 

There liclh a Ultc in tho rock-ginlril Nurliinii, 

TIm abores of oH Sw&Ihi artt watbrtl hj its wsTcIet*, 

Ami M>W 'tin caIUh), tho fsin»t u( vralura; 

Fnll flft hnvE ita pnuavs been oan^ bj- tbo Svaldi. 

Sn SiigB rccuniiU how Geflon the BUU'Ijr, 

Announcing tho oorthwanl udvince of th« Ainr, 

Wm gifttfd by OjU« Iho BgW wiUi bmi). 

" A> much as her plough ere Kunnot cnuld lorcr 

Ad'1 C4st from the *hnt« -, " hoiv (ioion L\»npcllcil 

T1^ fiMr j-Ming JtitUr ut jit\A bcr nbcilieacc, 

Am) irVM, like aiuwcrrin); stceil*, bcr p1o«»1i, 

Wliile GcJlon i:tii<lc<t it, bol|>ed bjr Vnla. 

Aii'l 3o (lie plooghr'l, fbom tho gixtves of SnHi'n. 

Tbc toil whli-b far in llie BonLb tHin g^ite. 

To Dnrm, ihc bc'Ccb-clad, bJi'Nwmiii;: Z<;iiliitiil. 

UdI faiieat uf nil Hip )iit>> u( MbIbt, 

Ib Viingnrn, pircn b> tJtc iratcr'it verge. 

IIow ];l«iicf (li« rnunJctl nwwn* of ibe Utcb-lrc« 

Drrp la (be Luke j bow tivulcu* uiiirmiir 

Ant' lilt: the MoMuns their wng of *i'riii|; ! 

At evcniiile IJ>ct« Ibe cbfTt in the di*(Nm'« 

(flroJti eulilta chjuu^h the i-hodowa: wliilc Drll!i% 

Km.n ^UiiciDg ont t»f ib< jmrple arknt, 

A"a^i<i>- N'-iluic frum nij;luly *li|iiibtr; 

How nw-^'t to lUrcn to St^s then ! 


THE ama op bwbdek* 

Ojtfe, the fiklber or HeiiU, is an nueicul Swedtdi mooarcb, (az «4v*n«ed 
in Uis at the time wfaeo tbe Ascr, Ifd by Odin, approsAh the Xortk w 
tbeir iiinrch of conqocst uid trinmpb ^m tLcir disUat Astatic hamt. 
Ota iUiUior has adupU-il the thL-oij i>f Bom« mytbologisls, who believe is 
the «xitt«nc4 of a tvo-fold Odin ; thi) second Ixdng & pooUiF-'Wttmuc, 
■uoiniitg tho KppcUatiao uid lading cluim to tbc attributes of n prenom 
Odin, long receiTed and worshipped as a god. Hence, throa^oat tb« 
poem, wo find aa aclivc agoDte, oq tho one hand the heaTenlj Odin, with 
hb Aser (or deities of ViUlialla), sod on the other hand, the earthlv Odin, 
with hit A^cr, or attendant warrion, — a circnmstaiice al fintt view rather 
perplcnng to readera ignorant of the hypothesis to which wo bAve j 
rofenud. That hypothesis we beliere to be ontenable aa a supposed 
bot it maj, of course, ho qiiito Ifgitimutely used for poetic pu 
and Iho author bae thus {.'mplo^cd it uilh uu bdieII mcasuni of bi 
It is at the time when Grlfe, bowed iova by age and in&rmity, calmly 
contemplates impendlog death, that Odin — the second Odin, the pontiff- 
warrim-, be it bomo in mind — enters Sweden at the head of hie Aualie 
host. Heidi, a true maiden of tho Xorlh, bleodiug with a woman's pro- 
fouudest tAndemcss the heroism pro-eminently obiuracleristic of the ancient 
Scandinavian females, sdvisea hrr faiber to Km% the invaders, ssying 
that she hereelf will engage to lead bin subjects to the field. But tho wtM 
nbl Bovcrt-igu emllea at her profiiared services, and telU her that he luu 
already concluded a treaty of peace with Odin and bis followers — domi 
Ilion in the North heucofortb apjtertiiiuiug to the Aser and their 


Ka thi> Templo of Kigtonn is erected, and there tho now raler oBBxi 
Fucrifico to the gods. Yet tho Jotar and the Juttar — the race of the 
powers of evil, ever hostile to the gods and to mou, luid bittf^r foes alike 
of Gylfo and of Odin — arm in nnmlier? for the combat, and there ensnes 
deadly slrngglc between their legions and the forces of the ucw mouaivh 
a straggle tenninating in complete rictoiy gained by the Ascr, and 
BoeeeedtDg consolidatioo of their powvr. The chief iucidcul of Lhn fight 
the woond inflicted oo Signrbuu, the valiant };on of Odin, by Stexlcoth 
one of the victor's most inv«t*)ratc untat^oriista. Frcyn, by her div 
influence, removes Signrlam from tho battlo-field (o the shores of Lolta 
Lt>t,<ar, heals his wound, and, guJdiut; Heidi to his neigbbowbood, inspl 
him with a consoming passion for iviiig Gylfb's daoghler. Hut Hei 
does not as yet ruLuni it ; her destiny is to be a priestess in tho temple 
the gods ; and it is only at tlio boar of her couBecratlon that her 
begins to reciprocate the luvo of Sigurlum. It BcemB to have awakened 
late : she iri solemnly devoted to tbo Korvire of tbe deities, and her lov 
departs to Xorway, bent, Uke his father, on brthor schemes of conq 
Tbo gods wbum khu surves compassionate the late of Huidi, and givn 
to hill bcir sorrows, tho gilluf i>uponi->' ' i>u1uJge, sutlint r>-h< ' 
a " Vala " or prophotoss, tbu iuturpi p<ut and the rcvi;<. 

fhtaN. Hen are soma of b«r wtraini : — 


wt^^^u ^v 


Oror luid biuI tta 

n« •liJilI Bur^'iv« it, ^^^1 

U my nuirvti RaMimo, 

StiiT-^lad, cxmllnl ^^^^H 

Ukc iho tltapfne SjiiHt 

lli^'ii on his thtuai! ^^^^H 

At the lilrth of time : 

Kutliint; caa abattsr ^^^^| 

T!k' voic* of lite p»<li I I'lwjr, 

Val-tmhor'a ptnrer. ^^^^| 

An<l ftii^ tlw <Uwu of cnntioa'a V»y. 


Mortals so feeble ! ^^^H 

UMAutM ibe boanillufl, 

VUku yt Blinll bear tJtc ^^^H 


Giallar-hara soandiii^, ^^^^| 

Coanot concvirc,— 

Calling to bauta ^^^H 

Eve i4 Val-fathtr 

Ilosta of itu Axr, ^^^H 

Lit [he abrsKa i 

Thru banc the fetten ^^^H 

Uiyh on a Bre-rIoui| 

Wnaitlitd DTonttil L<A^, ^^^^^ 

TbrviDfth the whie rr)(tnn» 

FcwM-wdf tuf^vs ^^^^M 

WiDi^l bi' hit wny ; 

Hitleoos and wiM i ^^^H 

Mud's c«nb emu lug 

Blood nina In riven, ^^^^| 

thit »(du' giftnt 

Duill are tlu! ilratVwoan)!', ^^M 

Body of Ynier. 

KorUi in her aagtiiiih ^H 

Born then wc« Kor^, 

Bemleth in Kraio. ^H 

Spirit of tMnpMta, 

Natlileas the brol^to ^^^H 

BlinrlDg frcdii north, from 

Widc-Mveivtl fragnwiita, ^^^^| 

Soutli, ftnd from cast. 

Once more uuitnl, ^^^^H 


Faahfon a ^^^^H 

I'Ihti'iI ffitli tttc Itillowa, 

Blo«*(un{ng i*ie 1 ^^^^| 

Fiianiinj* ami frw. 

ViMind, too, la B«ltli-r, ^^^^| 

'nironcd wu the lun, uur 

lUdinnt Ata, ^^^^| 

Wutid toeulJuliteai 

Itiilvt iigiun. ^^^^^1 

Men k( CxisCeurt; 

Night to da^ chaagee, ^^^^| 

N|inui|; HU iui braatt. 

jLge beooBMa jroalh, — ^^^^| 

Voinl; rliic-H ljtii> 

Raign nvcr all ibiugs ^^^^| 

Writlu.- ia bill tiiriitratSt 

Gl"n,' and joy. ^^^^| 

KiuI-IhiuihI in f«ttmi 

'flicnrffijnh ahall Ijyte bo ^^^^| 

Forficil by the pxis. 

Monarch of atortala, ^^^^| 

Vninly h'la spoufo tho 

Pence ftball in trollicrhxml ^^^H 


fitad men and giKt". ^^^H 

A|« tlni|i|riiig <i'i-T liim, 

lAt«r-born racc#, ^^^^| 

iJr>.-iini» t'< ilctniii. 

Pi^-'liliii); tbo now- made ^^^^H 

Yet kIiaU tbo dnjr tiawn. 

AgcH, ■hid) listen ^^^H 

HngnoriSk mwftili — 

(llud tn the mice of ^^^^| 

I>uv of ull i-lumgee^ 

Saga nhca *in^^ ^^^^| 

Dny of all ilnmn. 

i*ni4G«f the light iliat ^^^^| 

NnlblfX!! it 1>riri)t> mtt 

Viditrd Valhal,— ^^H 

Tif the Siiprenw One 

spirit rreatirv, ^^^^H 

(^hoago or dostnictioii i 

Fnuii£r of Ail '. ^^^H 

Only thoso. dottliU«S8, who are &m)Iiar with tho 8caDdmnviaa mjUiology ^^^H 

rnn b& cxpcettid fully to atidifrKtanil the niemiung of many of the aUnaioDS ^^^| 

m ihe precodiiig extract ; yi^t wc think that oreu n'advn who»e aeqtuuDtaQOo ^^H 

vilh old northern Utorataro is hat anpcrfictal, will perceird that tho nntbor ^M 

has grasped, to a oousidoniljle oxtenl, tho spirit of tho anciont Sealdfi, and ^| 

^^tluit the meatmn he employs, with its emphatic ring and frequeut expremd^'e ^^^H 

^H^teratiomi, is well-SttiM] to onibody tho Vnln's retrospect of tho thhiga ^^^| 

^1 that hafo been, and her prediction of those Ihiil are y<^t to come. ^^^B 

1 Odin firees Heidi from tho painfiU de?poUEm, — (or it has sow usfiQmcd ^M 

1 BUf.h a funn, — of tho gift of prophecy aha has roceired, and tmmodiatnly ^H 




afterwards occnre her foUior's dealb. Tliree wintera paaa away ; Rigorlftm 
at last rctoras from Norway, and, after a series of minor iucideots, to 
which wo cannot umrfl fully allndo, he i» espoused to Heidi, and thoy 1i'«t* 
ftiytmrn fur Quonlond, where the victorious sou of Odin has now OBtaldihlail 
hia kingdom. A sou la bi>ni tu Si^urlam, and bis dnys are. for a scafOD, 
■pent in comparative peace. But the old enmity gf the Jotar and Jiittar, 
althoogh slambering, has never bcea destroyed ; they make a combined 
assanlt on Sigarlam, at a farom-able opportoui^, and when almost orcr- 
puM'enKi, he is rescued hy his son, novr rapidly nearing manhood, and 
emulatiug Ms siro's prowess and renown. A socood attempt of liio Jotar 
is nn fortunately Buccessful, and after performing prodigies of valoar, 
Rigtirlmn expires on the baltlc-field. Odin, who at Sigtuna Icams the 
tidings of Sigurlam's death, sails to Qoonland, blesses his grandsoD, and 
consecrates him to the grateful tn^k of inflicting vengeance on the Jotar 
for his father's untinisly fate. Whou returning, Odio hna a marrellouii 
Tisicm, described in the following verses : 

Alrendj' ttii! tlarkncu of nitjlit i» falling ; 

Kn laagar lluj fir-tree xbaki» u^ Uic tenjiost, 

Tim wimlIh ihctDiielw acem irmi^jied in quid ; 

(V«r cnrtli, n itli ntilsdeei fnot, sleep wADilent, — 

Tho Howrr now Intlini;, the bird now riK-Win;; 

Thnt dream* of its miitc amid the liraacbe*, — 

Its mate airmail)' in Sonthem stov«», 

Anti OtLn biuisolf liia bead recltnetii 

Against a nioaB-growa ii'me, — nliusc rt»>ls 

A liundred Years in lb« earth have flunrishej,^ 

An<l then the Hpirlln of Light siim>iiD'l him 

With ni'linnt vbli>nN, and i^inj* of rest 

AnH t«atT ixtvtiUng the realm of nalani ; 

Wlith) awift nrUe on tlio wint:* of furesiiihl 

UU tboughla lo the dome of liif^h^rdied boarni. 

Clear Im ilJBocnn tbo Roldra Temitle, 

Ulicn Valhal's ^U in their tiplenilnar dwell ; 

^VbeTC ^t» Val-faihcr, the warrinn hailing 

Whi% frvvhlr-wounjoil, appmaeh bis tUrooo. 

lie hears the ^old-bnrp, struclc by Bni^ii 

Of glorions halUe-fleUli rings each tone ; 

His biiiuucr Tbor, at tlie BO(m<I. is prcsin;* 

Clove to hU Uwan. as 'twere a nutidm, 

For whom bis hurt, like a lorcrV, ihroti«. 

Au<] Htalcljr Frv;a, with fare as fair 

A> Kleonia tlic light uf tlie pOlo-«tiir lhK)u;;b 

Hm! Mno stnac of tlic miihuKht akie», 

llnr milk-white liaml tn her tpiinie imt-drrt'-lM'* 

Ami \it»m to his own the (•Mtniu^ t!ot)h(. 

Which, 'Itttni; high with tlie go'li, he c[natr*L 

A tear vt gulU uu her iJivei it falliug, 

lint IaDi^bn> Mmmi wiimI iho Me«« 

Tlint rcilih-n thn lily hill.i Iwlnnr. 

Yrl l\\n< ifae nia io hi> ctutem ilawiiin<*, 

Ihililet tliff ittiod mill tJio Aur alts. 



With peaceful kI«rl-« oa the cutb he Kates 
And btckoiis tcuuj-iU the dreauiini: Odin, 
WhaM ilDi-ii-^rftlvd eve on t}iu wtit^ '>f riiioa 
AIoA is iKiTDd throaffh th<? dietant tpiicvi, 
And follows iho iiiiM, libc loiini: Ood I 
At IfuL lie i]i»c«ma a blo3tl-«tiLiiie<l alur— 
Urjiih-atruck victuns are aaa it pilcil, * 

Vet icamc he narvvl* at wluit Iw aoea. 
Kid panes atrar the gold-ronfcil T«n)pli<, 
Ac<l there, on the spot that bore its colnmna, 
A croM [•oint* npwards, ati^l acckH the »kiiM! 
]|<r bran a sons in th« starry rrgionn, 
By nns«:n s[>mts tlio Btnin is sgng : 
" AlfineiDcnt ii niaile. 

The t^mijile oVrthruwing ; 

The Crou U dUpIaycd, 

With petw 0%'orflowiitg I 

All of^ias of bluoU 

To tatUfjr benrcn. 

No tDora shall yc rentier ; 

Tl» h^arl it Is wolelr, 

The htart it in wholly 

Ye henceforth shall icodcV I " 

Odin uftenruJi! meets Heidi, aud endeavours lo comfort her in ber 
>w for hsr btuband'a fate. She tonga ber " Swan Song,", soelu md 
11ad« doatb in tba iralera, while Odin'a own deporinro immediate]}' follows. 
Like s tme Benndinaviui warrior, he tnmsfixee his breKst with the sword 
that bu so often shotie in the light of battle, — his sonl ascends to 
Vnlballa ; and thiis tbo poem terminates. 

Some general idea of the plan And character of Ilridi may be afforded 
to the render by this imperfect sketch : yet there are varions points of 
interoat in the work, to which we hsTe found it impoesible to refer. For 
cxuDpIe, we would hUTe Uked to dwell oo the lyrics interapened throagh- 
ont the poem, some of which — Koch as the heroine's " Swan Song " — 
iMMHU to tis to possess peooliur merit. Bat we ore conEtxained to pass 
to the VMniiaji{njn, the seeond of King Carl's two Icmgcr pieces, nod, wo 
Hunk, in certain reapecta aoperitv to tho first. It is written in vereo 
of the H'uuratha fashioQ, which mus, on the whole, in gracefol and 
pteasiuit flow ; while like Heidi, it is largely intermingled with lyrics in 
variuua ntyles of verse. We Irnoaliitc the introductoiy Unes : — 

Mill the nnctctit p)n«-(re« foTeets 
Far in Norkml, homo of wanion, 
Unger vet uM Sagft tuotn'riee 
TrcaaortKl from Uu Aaa dajrn. 
Deeds of raloar bt tbs port* 
Went embalmed in cnev that rhanoted 
liif{h tlw prnlM' rif heroes dwelling 
In wa-glrdcd ^vrithiod. 
Everywhere were found in Mature 
Spirits fitted to ttiterpret 
S«fi;»-tdol of Sweden's childhood. 
TOL. XXt. — KO. 121. 

For in logar I«Iic Die keli>i« 
Smote bt« E^den harp at eTon, 
Ami the waicr-Bpirit'N muiio 
Echo bar\i aeross the liillnws 
To the distant ntAy shore. 
Fairies on the emerikld pa^ttnfr, 
like a troop of mttCf shadow*, 
Stole around the »levping blusMiais. 
In Uic fiTcats dwelt the Viittar, — 
Wrj 6gar«a 80^7 oaiUnl 
On tto bniidiei of the tnei, — 



Liiit«n»l to the voice of tong-blnl. 
Joyed when lammcr-nriadaaueucd ibcin, 
Uiil tbcniMlvcti vrben k!m|ieiinwn>il. 
Ituc cnuci^lcd from buiniui vUlnOf 
In the infiDntairi clr/l» nntl rliacm*, 
IJvcd the d«rftr&', — a cruity rxco ! 
Odin'd c_v« they »till avoiiiod, 
llaVKd btill tli« ndiont BaMcr. 
Treioblcd fL>r Ibv mighly 'tlior. 
Seldom intu li[;ht Ibey vcnttirt-O ; 
Flwt, wheo swarthy aislit win mbiiig 
All tbtp^B in tier wU of dorkuoa. 
Stole Uiey froia ilicir Mcky iirtKui. 
Ooe jimmluir gift tlicy b»ulvtl, — 
How to forgo the stubbani 9te«L 
Fir renowned wu •Iwirlish lAbonr, 
For th« wcapo&i which it fasUiontMl 
Knutc the Tvry mcka ajfunder, 
rHTrvil likt; wtrjiont-tnnth tho lintibcrt:, 
f>ud tbr Lmvv»t warriur low. 
'IliuH they forged the wondrooH (alcUlon, 
TirfliiK called, fur aye victorioiu ; 
Bat iu bladf! with poison RfirlnklH 
Xow wan bidden, and sc^arce any 
KiMw the pluc of iu truaoultiicDt. 
Whons it lay, and wra(>t in ailcnco 
Ureomod tta ghostly feloa>drcam ! 

Orient now, in robee of )>nrpl«, 
l'io(K<TS tbo Lord of Light, 
DetUogi »ooa to gn«c in glory 

Eai'tfa from deepest alec)) awftkeaml. 
Nightly clreame, the uhtw of owo, 
Flee afar tu realm* unkonwn ; 
Only nn I he grnssaro traces 
Of iho team the Nii;ht has thed. 
Brciy fluw'rat'8 o<pGa rhalica 
Xonu t» had the diiwain^ yplcndmir t] 
Xad the «oii)^binlB in the tonuil 
Uaiao « wordleei moming-bymn, 
tifeenesl txrattfas the imtA uro strvtdtif 
O'er tho tnlrnT ofibc waten. 
And tbcrir stately crefiu Itu pictiuvd 
la the ghiMy jtloia below. 
J-'t^iHi the new-lit arcb of hcarou 
Radiance un tho wavnt in follia^, 
While tltc whlk! «(etn)> oT die hlrch-t 
Scom a flock of royal maidona 
ItatluD)', ctad in morning robea. 
At»d tlie Mrcau's joy-drunlceo MIlow 
Qdtben trihttte, like a. Viking, 
From the beauty arcai:h npiMi 
Which it |iasM;s iu its coone. 
In tlic dintanra sU'cIcbcs Ocean, 
Gleaming bright, a giant nlrror 
Htt in giant i^mnite ihime. 
SntA^'kiil' the piaoc is titled, 
Whidi aflftirds n trusty harbour 
To the VikiiiK'-i Niotely wa-aiceds. 
When they rent from halilrv-conflirT, 
Op, t*i "waptf the \tcMht' nf tfmjM"*!*. 
Sci'k a haTi;n for a line. 

Thoru ifi no uovolty in tho |>Ina of F.n Vik'ni'tnao-M ; it isfimjil}' a 
knfm-R SonndinaTinn logonil, the old Dortbcm tale of truest u^timi bot 
miui and man, imd of 1ot« between won nud wonuui stronger Ekr tlum 
death, lljalmar and Oddnr llrst niut oach otbcr in hostile guiae ; b ut 
extibouging sentiments of fiomtty fur those of friendship, thev eveutaall^| 
{tlight troth as fostcr-brothcrit, and preservo their vow nnbrokcn to th^^ 
end. King Ani; niltng nt Si{^nna, whoso ehiof wiurior is I^ulumr, ha^ 
a lair daagbler, Ingcborg, vrho is Miagbt in marriiige hv Hjorvard, aou 
Anigrim, a neighbouring sorereign. Appearing at Ani's court, ucca 
paniod hy his cloven brothers, he demands the hand of Ingebot^g, whii 
demand la met by a counter-claim on tho part of Bjolmar. Ant' loavof 
matter to the mniden's decision, who gives Iljnlmar tho praTi 
Fired with rage, Hjorvard challenges hiit satrccssful rival (o singlo C' 
oo tho island of BainsO, tho Eavourite scene of suuh encounters in 
north. Tho challonga ia aocopU>d, and, amid tho toars of Ingoburg, d 
preparAliona arc ninde tor Iho hostile meeting. Mcouwlulo, A < ~ nl 
one of Djorrard'H hmihont, procnros from the dwarfs tlicir fnt i 

TiHlng, the potson-pprinkled blade of which is Tictorloaa oter cTt 
anlagoniaL On the ahiira of SamJ«.> tho rivals ed^afio in conflict, c 
Accoinpaiued bj hii bieoii or nlativci ; Oddur kills Ujonard aoil 



bretbren, with the t<xc«pUoa of jVngantrr, vUo, wielding TirtUif^, mortally 
wnnndx njiilrunr, nnil i.t tumRcIf ftloia hy iitid ctuunpion at the momont uf 
bis fancied tritmipb. Od^Iur carno« htu-V to logeborg the Hug wbirb ahe 
bAil given hor betrothed previous to bis departure oa bis fatal orraiid, and 
kIic proMea it to her lip< in a transport of passionals emotion. Bat tb^ 
poison of "Hrgng, willi which it has be«Q saturcttod, imnicdJEitoly do4!S itw 
ilcaflly work, and ingcborg gtadly Roes to rejoin her lovor in tbe world of 
flhadoB. This, it will be seen, is Juttt tbo story so comnioo tu tbi> nuriunt 
ScondinBTiou oudoIs, and so cbaracteristio of the ancient Scandiuavjans 
LhtiiufldTCB. It is woU treated, bowcvor, by ottr author ; and Ingcborg's 
womanlj naUnc, differonl from that of Heidi,— every way softer and moro 
umittblu, — ia pourtrayod with n tender and skilful hand. We ^ve two 
rxtraots, tha first being Ingoborg'it introduction to the reader: — 

t'naM, O ^lining wvvc ofFyrH, 
llABt^n out la I^oenr lake ! 
Ltiii.'cr bj tlio icrdant margin, 
Br ibc liuw'ivl's iiyeii lil>jKnmi 
Wbirli im ^trcfiil liuid iii lirniliii^. 
'rhiretT, to thy pmrly whvm ! 
I'ltiL'r, etmiitiirrd liy IIip licjiiitt 
Of ilic crnenld stot» around, 
Wliin« tho breetc of qiriiig u tilowiu^ 
Tliroui;h Uie grwnl.v ilnH'rinj; bmnilii-H. 
AU in \*xa ! — tbo picturca, K}rii^ 
niiiiJi hmvr gln^M-d tlu-timclres im> oflrii 
On the mrfiii-i: i>f tlij- fritten, 
Ciuinot dif«:k tlicir rnpW jonmcT 
'Xi> the goal lltcy wek for bvc. 

' Hati wbme'er tfa«y ttv a ilmi«i>l 

Fair iw Frojra, on tbdr margin, 

Urenlliiai: fottli iu stiver nuuic 

AH Iwr a;kirit'a Mcret Borrows, 

Will they Btill nfufic to jtuuc ? — 

I'ftBMB tti wiiDtsH hour the maiiloD.i 

Of ib« North may bam viih |»»6iriii 

r.iku the nimin«r-taa aglow, 

Ynt «itliii) tiwir bv«rt«' r«c«Me9 

Hide it till Ijieir dj'in^ iDiwieat t 
iPniue, O wavi<,cxU-ntl thy mtrror 

[The next cTtraot is of a Uitally different character, 
combat on tho iaic of S.tra)ji> :— 

Ti) Tvceive and liw|i thir inu))^ 
Of the kinii^lHini tnnidcn'i ^ape ', 
lnt:clM>rg the Ktnnrl Is neariap ; 
C«nBt tfaoa DOC iktay ihy jivnnip} ? 
Ne»i'r retted, lui|>|>r Fyri*, 
IiniL^ ljk« tlir niynl i1miiBr)'>i 
In thy KiiTu* i!tiil)rHc>; till tiun- '. 

t.ikcfit bi n riiM! rrr»h»;iriii(;in;r, 
Vfiwa it Imrats the leafy ;:irdl« 
Which endoftcd iia virgin (.l.j«».iut, 
Aod di>cl»Ts it« jicrfcd. F]>lt:ii(I(nir 
To ita s[HJtu«, llic funitiKtr-uio, — 
¥nm the fumi's gnca caoKaimcat 
fngvliorg ni>w puiscs forth. 
Goldtrn h^cV* unltoniifl arc but!- -^ 
Rnnud htr hrcw of ftlabfutcr, — 
Fairer i* Wft Froya's furthcuJ.— 
And upon her i:lierk in iIau'dir^ 
lit;bl lilw that with which Aamra 
Fkintly fliii>hc« nvibrn Kkir*. 
Jloviii;^ »U-fitI«r lut n hnlruKh. 
TTIdlnK inilk-whitc nc<'k knd boconi 
'yoatli her niatitU'a niiidih); wavelet*, 
St«pa sbe with tho itcp of Zephyr 
BipplJDg o'er ateavl Rowcm. 

It describes tho fatal 

Tu their dtip Uio ffltitor-brathiTa 
Ha*U.'i> by tlir (Hitiuilirig orctui : 
Rut a Ni(:hl of tfrnir met ihcin 

; A^ ihry rearhrd Ok fnul hay; 

.fibiin iu mad Bertcrker battle 
'Wrrc their comrades on the tliora. 
Hot had bocn the deadly cuuibot, 
K»r of Itjaliuar'* viJiuit diainpiuni 
Kut a Hinglc man had yielded 
Bat a fnot-lengtb on tbc plain. 

Filled with fiermt wrath was Hjalmnr : 
All his ihtrk fnrcbodinip left hint. 
And the brio's voice monii'Ial 
Over SoDtso'j banvD hcatb : 
" W ildiy tb« wolf-brood 

Bavflgcd the aihcep-fahl. 

Soon IU titvj saw that 

Gone were the afacphenli 

WIki ihcnld deftttd it. 

Come thrn, ye wiM oneN 1 




Keep not trom conflict 
Blood-drip|>ine lUtiHoiu I 
Sore screftm ilw mxeiu, 
Wutiog the bADqaM 
I bave dttii^od then. 
Go«lfl o£ Valh*U» 
Sctnl ihe avfugcr ; 
Lol^ viU hail you 
Ere evcnti^ ! " 
As he speoki the Mrae of Anii:riiu 
Itnxh to meet him En the combttt. 
And devcD f»ll on OJilur, 
Hjulmor fii«» ADgRntyr. 
Lootlly OiMor c«ll< to Ujotfanl : 
•• Oni! hj one 
Stcyi jre fi»rth ; 
So it bofenui 
The bmw to war '. " 

Hiorvnnl ;;ladlr greets \us challenge, 
And Iho' interchange their Minx-ii, 
Kverv linew itnuoed etid starting 
la tho uus tluit wiold the wcnpons. 
Lifted firoirdi tbu axt are clraiiD^, 
And aity ooiwd u Mninib tho ttorm. 
Brief is Iljorvard'n »tniggto, BflthlcBs,- 
Soon be fiilU on the areoft, 
BroCher after brother followfl, 
Till the Mil ia (oaked witli hli«»l. 
Oddur all unscathed Iwholds tJtem 
Sink to *lMp in Ik-ath's cmbni/'e*. 
And to magnify the fallen, 
Ch«nut4 their mouniful Dropo thus : 

" Like the lafty 
Lanibent Donb-light, 
Ulcana the gkff] 
Of yttoT valour. 
Kow tugclber 
Id the rialtcd 
Giawgrovm barmir. 
Shall yt tluuibcrc 
Couch frateiTtftl 
Hadly Mliariug. 
Ch>vi!ii GoncU-ta 
YuD shall fulknr. 
That the laalroos 
LoctU of Valhnl 
Wana m^ woleomo 
Warlike berooa J " 

When the aons ii ended, Odilnr 
Tarns in uaik the tith: ot ooatbat, 
A« hia fuater-liralher Uattka 
WUb the wvafB Angantvr. 
0mA ncUoM the giant Bervrk, 

Tiifiag from hifi hand baa DUlftn* — 
Bat from Ujalnar, though rictoiioai. 

Life U ebbiDg fant anr- 
Oddm- balla hia fo»t«r-brothcr : 
•• Ilntf llie Htrifi: hat ended, 

Hialmar, I will ask not, 

for of life the rcfiea 

Uii tby cheek are palinR. 

I'niud hiMt t-ecn thy tfianiph,— 

Hrouikr triuiupb haply, 

Ilndst tliuu borne the tiding* 

llnme to Fyris' miert, 

llftme W lDg«;borR I " 

Hjolmar with a ilnal rfrort 
To >iE« fbstcr-bnitliei anaircn : 

■■ Sixteen gaping 
Woaiids already 
Bate bexmcMrd with 
"nrilng'a venom 
Bona my bo«ly ; 
Death's red ttinc-wordi 
On it wrilien. 
Summon rae to 
Vulhal's poftaU. 
ITeary has my 
Fate been erer, — 
llardeit when U 
Ton me Cruui tbee, 
Koyal maidtiu '. 
Countless coniiuoU 
Have been Iljalinar'a t 
Ilia rcnonim has 
WiibJr ttftYClled. 
Tmckwl tho c«g(e 
Orer ocenii, 
Round tho re^oM 
Itulled in thnndcrt 
But the hand of 
Donn nnal unllo lu. 
Wat, kowerer 
Bright and lunlv 
Smiles Uie mur&iii);, 
Scltcth lunset 
On Its flplendour, 
Aud in dnrkneaa 
All ia huried. 
life was grvntad 
By Val-fathcr ; 
Wilet of Lokd 
Ever battle 
Witli llie wiant, 
lligben Odin. 



Cbanpc it Uicnfora 
Itulinf; all things i 
Onlr Iwinoar, 
Vftlogr'a jlory, 
Rddcb inmmtalf 
Gramlljr ffmrn, — 
Deck Ttine'i uMet 
Tbroogli lb* kge* : 

Which she gffted 
To her loTcr. 
FftithAil WW T 
To ber p«ttio(u 
S»r to iBgebotg. 
Vihta Uie Inasm 
Tbon relornm. 
That the final 
Word I DUerad 
Wat the aaMeo'f 
Dcamt name:" 

•^ Puder-brothtr. 
Take the goU-ring 

Amoog the snjaller composittons we may indicate Tht Mi-rmmd an<1 
The T/trvc SUjhu as especijUIy meritorioiu. Hui fint is & bcaQtifally- 
wurded ftdaptaUon of the usual old legend ooDcernmg tite f&tallj de«tnic* 
tiro fHscinaliuus [lut rortb liy the folded waman of tbe seas ; onlr, in thui'j 
CAse, Uio rictiiu in rt'srued nt tbe last momenl by the boly memory of 
periafaod earUiiy lovi>. Tfao tnonU is, Uiererure, noond and healthy, as inj 
the caae of The Threr Siifhtit. The latter poem is a kiod of poetic com-' 
mcnlary od tliitt fragment of Hcine'ii dclicioas mcieic : 

Die Soanc bvbt d<i) a<xh euuiuU 
1<i>iirhluiil Tcm IliaU^ miptv, 
L'ml iri^ niir ytav Stcllc, 
Wo ich dill LictiMc *erkir. 

Id King Carl's Tcraes the very Ion of "Du licbste" has, in the 
CJtdr ail all-potcai spell wberewiLb to charm the afptated, half-maddenc 
spirit, to roHloru to it former Imppiuees and tbe old masculine enei^ audi 

There are some fine pieces in tho lat«r of the two Tolnmes, sncb as 
,1 ConffiaUmtJ h'nith, which we now translate: — 

liD n Got tx-licvv, «ho len'lerlr behul'U n«, 

Wbu ID IU» luTtus uuia thmngli all tbe Tcnra eiifuldi tia, 

A God •vht' fax* Wea arc, nbo ie, and «ba shall be, 

Vlltru Ttmi-'a domiaiua fnUa, and canh'i vi^n iiJeiuloiin flee. 

TIm sdii thai •onilcft KTVoe. omyed in guldfji lii*-.r«. 

The niivin Ihot ntghtlf tlvnr* her atlrcr taet, 
The fltiwcD tliat cm the meadow ricbl; dufttr, — 

AD ihvir are boostka of Uii ({Tucv. 

] in a ton Ultnvv, whidi from hit;h bcnren** |i«laee 
In life'* {•riiiuvral ilatm came down lt> rartij*i li>w vallev»,^ 
Wliiih rutuiil the luniiioo's kicks the tniiilc (JtuiiUt to t^^itK, 
And ill Ihi: an^ibJiul niuI druim {JvacrlohwM divine. 
O'er ibntLtiiii^ hiitnait hearts it (.'ver nijcm ricturiotts, 

>lid PdIjit wiincs. or dwrrti.' arid Hand, 
And, tri[im[<liing, wpftvci gariaad* green and glaricaa 

Gv«n bmiflr d<>ath'» nlrat laad 

Aiul in a Rcnnt;- 1 V-I>r<r, a Ikant^r Ood-deaeeoded, 
Itj* which all K'ntiti <■( life in banuun; are blcaded ; 
Kntni eloud luul tea uad shuni, fruo heaven and baa cattit. 
It* ever-vijutljul tliape ajt gkonu sad glaum ficlK. 



Anrf w^icn it n»re(3i the itocl'i risinnniy li>a^n|;, 

Tliotiahi'sTDiiDllt JC ftisnnics nii'l feeling's voW, 
And hi tbo •tnuDu llial fiom bt* harp ttrc tbronj^nj*, 

I{ tiids ew-li liitpntr'n miuI rejoice. 

And I U-llcvo lliiil DfHlU tin: «i'irir» life ■'an sJny noi, 
'l^tt dorkne^ of iho ^nivc it» (^oono dii iiM will ttav no ; 
But wlwn the dRv-Kleam brenks on our scjmlrhml nigbl. 
Wg rc«-J> ntir flnAl f;Aal, ihr Fuhcr'a Land of Li^t. 
1\'hen nets the nun of eiinh, wUi>n end Its slilfc nml snrroir, 

Tb*n dawns fnr n» a hi^jhcr brarciily Amv, 
Aud in (be t^aic t\( Ou>l'a tninK-eiidvnt niorron 

To ratimiiirtl »i>uU w« wing rrnr way I 

' Wbo tliot liaB seen it cun mor forgjt thiit loveliest of the palscos of 
Sweden, that gem of Lake Makr's largept and most bonntifnl islnnd — 
Drottninghiilm ; rondd \rbich t-lustor m many rojal memories — memoricn 
of its oii^al fonndi^r, Joha tlie Third's CathoHo RponRe. Kathuriiui 
■Tnji^lloii ; of Hn nvcrmti fwvaAcr in its pifBPiit fann, Hi'dvij* Klconnni, 
widow of Chnrles the Tenth ; of Adolf Fre<lrik, JMxma. Vlfica. GubIkT III.. 
iind Oscitr, tho ftitber of the present monarch ? It is tbns thai King CikrI i 
iiidii htti •• Aiitnmii Adieu to Drottningholm :" 

Tlie IotcIt sumrarTMin fstrwcll tFinyin" 

T<> Sumdiiiarla, nml hts fr^'Mrn ray, 
Tiinl Ist^ ftt ercB on 111^ rtoiid* wsaplntlng, 
So longer blcnnl oor brief tii>rtbeni (I«y ; 
' Atiil wtmd tnd field that fonui-riy exlcmlid 
in emrnild ulonr 'ikmI^i ihr. Iwaten'K Idur, 
I!n*e with ihrir venlurf nnliifnn-yfllfiw blemlr-d, 

AtiA in ihr (Halves tin- tiiri!« an «len( too. 
ri'iw j*TiilrruI)r my sjiiril yet irintfr? 

VjMtn tJw snmiwr'i v<iiii*hrcl lipht nwl llfr,— 
Tbe time >rh«n bMvca itiM-lf nn («nh ditclow*. 

Anil \nmeo tnniiccndcot fullowa winter's otrtfu i 
Wlicn all the flowers Ibcir frn;;rant tributv render 

To Ilim nlin ealleil them Intn bcniity bright, 
And, lumlnj; to thi; tun, IIU rmblrm, tender 
fllM^ttrace to the boly laws of light. 

Btrt, ah • how pcrishin); is earthly aliry ; 

llnvr (tut are canbly amilcB r^kcbnncvd for trnr» I 
Snch i> ihit naiore of our bnman uory 

Id it« rad pro^rcn cawanl? ibroo^b thd ycarK 
Unt fltin in memory nrene aud soticr, 

Ixt ncirtalf atoir the ? nnsldne of die pait,— 
Tlim. o'er the darVi^t diiy ■>f dark Ociober, 

A light Trom former ictmini^rs wilt I.r e««t, 

And *•> I iliink, wltrii nirw fareivrll I bid iltcv. 

Th"n fniTCTr pearl that lie* on S'^l.r -irnrui ! 
1>«>'I' ii) luy »]>irit IiJivn 1 l*i.<iH-ff>j' ' 

TJjiiuuli faic csjH^l m« lit •titiie iJ 
'1 I 1 bt' dranu wliru g^fl in Khroadinji, 

-lil.i- ntit-iiji. all till mi— -irl li'iii^H i 



Farewrtl, re Grids nnd vitlcj?, g»re« aai] motmulni, 

WliL-n; Floni amt in pplcndoar u a queca I 
When furiu, hy tfac rcrgv of muoulit foimlsitu, 

I>K^Cl^d in a circla on the putnio gnen ! 
ThoD KcJ-frmrncd shon, wboM Spirit of the Water 

Hi« hnqi was striking in the -wiirfilct Mnr -, 
Thna wood, vrho«e brook, (ho hilly torrent's dnu^btur, 

lu thread of ulvcr ibmugb tlw |iiiiu-Mtein» drcvr ! 
Farewell, ttion Etam' «vc. Hint tUrrw n RhimmBr 

Ho often on the iulto ill which I roTird, — 
Foilin); my r/niriturnri/ tbiitn with tlir j^'Umin^, 

T«t upa-aril [xiimini* to the ihrcvnc of God ! 
Tinvtt thanV^ fi.>r all tbo hnp{/in»i Rupcmnl 

1'liou d>i]>t n«~.ikt9 to life vrithin my Itrcut, 
Wiiilo oVr me bent tliv mi;;bty arch cteniBl, 

The itliining lynibol of nil pindd n»i ! 
Adieu, nwrct rrginn ! From my heart I borrMr 

Tlie wofds Itina oiMildtd into fairrwcU sonp ; 
Thy tnemon shall banloh cTcry siirrovr, 

And malic the- ifinl«r DJgbt Irfs dall And long. 
Mid nntuian'ii cloods tby eumnti-r I rrmcmWr, 

U 'DroltiiiRt.'Iiuliii 1 to ine fur syc Ihc K'IIw | 
Still suDuy in tb« n inter -bound December, 

While l'cHro'4 lili«s clust<rr rcMmd ihr nnmu. 

We may also quoto the nmple, hot toacbing, ItocHi nddressod to 
Bcckaakog, onolber fnroiinto ruunlry rL'sidcucD of iha royal pool: — 

Hctc once miytv I stand ! At Inst inlialin;; 

Frw the fregrnncc ol my grovrs iipun ; 
And I fcol Lbe ftttniv nonr Is vetting 

Ponrefal honis that still for oio remain. 
AU I ace recnns the periml |>criflhcd, — 

Billow* lilne, and imihwsy thriHi^li ihe tlalc ; 
White iIm llowrn, like fnilhriil romradcit clicriidicd, 

Friend^ili old itqcv, and bid me hail. 

Ai l*forc, the (crccn bill-sitl'' i> bending 

O'er the mtartow iu flower-ciMted brow ; 
Fmn the ww>d the tfcvch-trre nt cxtcndio}:, 

Glnd to welcome me, its Tcrdsat bough. 
Pence, wliireVr I look, ray »)iiril hlesiics, 

Cnlaily b«ati my heart at her command ; 
All, in lovely jMcturcs, um oMnnsa, — 

And that Bpcocfa how wcU I ander>taiid ] 

Uatt witiiout rDferriDg at greater loogtli la the minor {lioces In tliosa 
^Viiluincs, — eome of n'hivb, snch as tho brief Bongs tlint form a coDsidcrublo 
tiortioii of tlieir coatecta, arc veil vortliy of attcntlre cou&idcratioD, — wo 
NvUb, before ire close, (o Kay n nQfi^lc word witb rcfcrcncf to wbat maj bo 
Rtylnil tlitf iwUtical iugiti£oauco uf tUc King of Swc-don's poetr}'. No ono 
wbo rcndB liis writing rno foil to pt.'rcoive Lb iutciUMj otopathy willi 
t :: dislinrtiv!?ly - vinn, nnd that bis ideal acetns to be tbo 

1' uon of tbo L<ld ■ „ ' . nay even wurlikc epirit of tbe Kortb. in 

a DOW romi odaptiNl to tbo noecaeitiofi and rcquiri<iiim]tA uf tbe present agu. 
ilo lomo of Lis potiius be bitterly bevails tho lack of llial antuent s^irit^ 



nud expresses ardent loogiogs for its rerivEl. 
foUoviiug Uoea from the stanziu entitled Forttom 

An mnc-worJit 
Still arc kft ui^ 
Mwa mibc?(I(lcd, 
Like ■ Sagit 
Scarce belie »«d in 
13 jr Uie newer 
Sons of time. 
Shall the viironr 
Of ocr NurtliUnil 
Ne'er nwafcea 
From h«r cArems 
Fon!»t-cn) vised ? 
Sl)«11 the falchion, 
Aa in agCfl 
Tbst hare [>ori«hcd, 
Hevtt welcoioe 
Hditile tihAe. 
Never sill); its 
Song (jf Iriutnpli, 

Or of deftth ? 
To tlio poet 
No reapouM 
Is tberc giTcn ? 

Take us rather 
III Uijr boiom, 
Ddikci^l Digbt 1 
Step }u fortJi 
From tlic loiubs 
AVbcre in silence 
Ye b«»« 8liimb«n;»l 
Tell the present 
Riic« of weftklinfTi, 
How jt l»UM, 
Bled and «ifrnx:i). 
In defcDdiniE 
Land and frMdom, 
III tmn*mitting 

Take, as a ^edmen, 
(Konner Days) : — 

Deeds d valoar 
To tte iiB«<(>— 

Which ininiortal 
As tht marry 
Iloet of hcftrcQ, 
Shall for c«er 
GVwn reaplendcnt 
Throajh the thick«4tj 
MUt« of time ! 
Wc may h»p\y 
Tct avrnkcn 
From otir slumber. 
Gathi^ roood tlie 
Ancient bann(>rp^ 
ToDr world-Giniou* 
Fgntttepa follow, 
Balllc M ii 
Meet for ItcTMA, 
I4ve and labonr, 
Die like men ! 

Stronger langnogo still is employed ly King Curl in other passogci 
ue, for instance, in the Birlluag Uuea in wbicli be pra\'b that tlio— 

North mttr nakeii 
ATrtsb for battle-oiom nrravrtl. 

To cikTvc new ntncji, all deep and ruddy, 
On Time with ter iinerstral blade, — 

That, Uiu«)):b the atrifo be 1oti|: and blotid/, 
Her debt to huuoitr m*y be piud. 

Kuw all this, as vre liavo already hinted, is not without a certain muasorfl 
of political vignifirance. It is ii fact well kcowu to those peroons who Imvi 
HLt4>nliTeIy amnidcred, during the lost fen' reitni, the politics of the Xot 
of Europe, UiAt ut liif liiuu uf the hito Puuish-Germau war, Kbg CKrl'ti 
xympathies were thoroughly enlisted in behalf of Denmark, and that had] 
be not been compelled, by the roetxaints imposed on a coostitatioDall 
Borcreigu, to yield to ot|fer iufliiODcett, he would mo!«t willingty. by foreni 
of annB, havo aided Lhu Diuiiiih pe<ipli>. Thuru can be no iltmbL that be>] 
inhurits at least a portion of lus illuDtrious grandstro's mihtury aifpira- ' 
lions, and tbnt if a day of deadly peril should davn lor tha Seandinaviaa 
North, bo would welcome it the rorerse of reluctantly as the means of 
awaking the spint <t{ its aneiont valour, luid nniting Uir three SenndiDaTiiui 
p(>opU>N in boudti uf closer hniUierbood to eni^ouutftr the eummon foe, 
Oom whatever qaartor that foe might oniTi*. As indiratiog, then, tlio i 
vl«ws and tcodencips of the present Rwediah niler, thcao poems haw; 
naqnestiaoably a orrLiiit Import uf Ihi'-tr uwn, — uti import uot a little | 
ititercfitiug at the prfr»eot jKiriod. However, it !« with King Carl, not as 
a pnltticiaa, bnt u a poet, that we hart now mainly to do ; and so let n« ! 
condadc by exprcastug the bupo tlut he may loug continue to add ti> (hff j 
reputation which, in the latlur capAcity. be bns already gained. 


« ... 



§. g n i IT s t £ i itt t 



L' BBUHfi\illlirT\^liKlrilf '^^'^"^ ^^ ^^^T'^'J IJunseir wilb 
iBWg t MlH fi.^ ^lllnil Hfuiprt^':};:!.'. first in skctchiug out 
' ""~ xhv (U-siga of tlifir Contpuiv, ftftcr- 

t'l^Jfi^J Jl ^ m ^^r^s in cotiHructing and «Ubo- 
r ^^^Br I ^1 _^^| rating its muobmciT, Hugh (bunil 
* tliat eocli Buoceediiiff day it cu- 

f^rofiKt^d inuru uf bta ibauffhtii. 
This was tbo uiciro uaturul that 
be knew its socwss mnst be the 
sorest pniittcoa for all aail oxiy of 
his troubles, u lonj; step towards 
the rralif-ntinu of each and oil of 
bis (IrcamB. Vet. with hie iiiany 
bonncss pre-occnpations, h« foimd 
leisure to spiu-e iot other things, 
and, iudt'ed. it wns au essuDtial 
part of the nchcmp thnt be shonid 
eonUDOo to play his part in iioeict>'. AfUr City hourH, nnd with director- 
bunting over for the day. ho was Ux frum leading; Iho lifo of a hormil. 
But all tho ttmo thunt was u somcthiiig woighlii^ im his uiud, and that 
was the means of replacing biniRelf od a friuodly foctUug at "The CcdiiTit." 
Ailcr the circunutanecs in which he hud liittt parted from its inmates, the 
qnestjon urns one more en«y to start than to solve. His latest interrievrs 
with Sir BasD, indeed, troubled him but Utile, aud it would hare cost him 
nothing to walk into tlic dstubliKhmeut in Lombard Street, and beard the old 
banker in bis dou wilii a frietiilly morniiig call. Itut the recollection of the 
fit of folly that bad cast liim at Mumle'H (eel in a poKlnra su ridirulons, 
hamiltatutl bim sUll as keenly ni; when he left her ; when it crossed biK 
mind the bare numembraoce ouide bim wince and shudder. The pcnal^ 
of that pustiiug alHliotlion of reasup and mivir n'tiv waa a lastiu^' aeCt-sH 
of morbid miiuim*e hvntr. At tlie very thoufjht of uoeUng Maude aj^'aio, 
hia cboeks ^owod like a hasbful schoolboy's, who thinks he bos betrayed 
to the middle-a^ed idol of hix utTovtions the ndmin(tion with which he ik 
oTonhargcd. Kacb morning he roec in the rusolntion to drire \o Hainp- 
«t«id ; each bour of the day brought Its engagementa, and a decent 
pivtext for deferring the call he hiugeil, }-f!t feured, to make. 



How loDg bo miglit stood sbivoriD^ oxer tlio pitinge it Is impoii- 
silil): li) say, bat a bnppr clionoe eiiDie lo precipiUte it. We luTB fipokea 
bcfuro of CapUin Cbitdorsleigh, Sir Uosil's eUcsl son and bdr, vbo bad 
beoD down sliootiiig ia ScolUud at the time of bis relation's fimuml. 
Since thvu tli^ ^oiiae biid packed, oTf^oiuzed a regular eciricc of pickolf>, 
and, now ritiu^ iu loug bruwu lines. Hiey slummed Ibo bealbrr lialf a uule 
before tbe niuxzIcR of the hr(^epb-l^)ttdl•|■fl. The occopatiou of the dogs 
'^u«. nodi bad it not bocn for tfap mountain harea tbo HporUmcn were Imui 
to fall back upon, the toil of giUie«, the ponies, and tbe ponnipTv might 
just ao well baTo been U'fl at Lome. The chance of taking some lone 
liii«antbro|to of a grousBCuck at au odrantafjo was bari-lv euouf^b tu rupaj* 
tbo toils of the day. and so, fur Uiat oud otber rtasoDs. George CbUdanM 
liu^bf duvoted to sport as he iraa, bnd torn biinseir avniy Irum it and come 
up to town. 

Hngb bad bocn tbe object of his admiration ever since tbe two bad 
boen cast to^Alher as bojrs — admiration nooc the Use siactr,. thui it bad 
iklwaja boon toD){>crfld wilb a t^ucb of nwc. Ilngb fu icd tbo 

liking, bat a IttUc of the old pntmnii^ that Qeargo Uf^M %•> tvi-i':\ k- an tm 
honour would Btill, in spito of Uiiu, peep out. from tfrne h> (Wp. iu bix 
niniiuor. Must men would hnvc done the same tbin<' "coplir-d 

ull tbo defcniQce tbo other oSorcd bim, took htm nt : ■ .. ^'-"r >i:b | 

own wry modest self-Talnation. aad eonde^ccnded to, nod rlr 

tre&panted upon, bis unfailing goorl-biimour and cnKT c.-.-.-.u-. tl.\;iut^] 
reached EuKttai SqiULm hy tlie mumuig I'xprciut. Gcur>;u unl \>1i a bi b»tl 
t)fU>ii dnite before, anddro^c to tbo "Albany" to aak for Italb and brcnkfiisl. 
A3 bill arrival hud been aoimnunnced, bia appearance waa a eurpriiio in 
(Ingb ; but Geo^'s face expressed (bo greater aslonishmrTit when bo 
foond bia host, at tbat Ter>- early hour, already dressed (ot the daj. atiil 
Boaled at the breakfast- table. 

" Why, Hugh, tills is quite a new idea of yours. Toa niiiRl bave tt 
vrcmderfiil conslitulioD if yon Cud it none tbn wvmi' for tbooe late tnippem 
jiut liclurc giving lo Itcd." 

" Deb^bted tu H:e you, Ucorgc," said Hugh, riiiiug to Hbnke liiui cor- 
•liidly by Ibc bani], fitr welcome as the Hnsear alwaye wuji to bim, it may 
ba imagined he was uovor inoro pleased to see him tban now. " If you 
wont to know all about it, ait down and cat, and put off your toUetU*. 1 
kuuw you'll olfjoct to thi- prugnuuuH', but Wn do gn-'ut lumUbtp. ooa- in n 
H-nv, for a man who went throngh the mutiny, and I'tc iu appoiutmeDt at 
LU.80 that won't keep. Sams will fiud you a chop or auiuoLbiiig, 1 lUre- 
7, and meantime yuu can gft lo vork on tbe cold fiubaon." 

" T' Hiiyli ; I am not i ''. m you know, but if tborp'a 

one )1 '^ Die more than hum thopn : «o if you tell Hama to 

Iuraj|u tur Hoiuething vko, I sbaU be obliged to yuo. llud it nut been for 
ooe and Ihcotbcd' I boUere 1 iilwnld buTo ataycd another work in 3ootU&d« 
fur altbdu^b the ^rmisc luul packod, tbiiru were tioiuo woodrucka alreiidy 
lying about m tbo eorhrvi, and J ouvsr ww meb a year Ii>i; ptaaniDaii. Onl 




w« rang the rhftngea on mutton and salmon six darn in the snvan, and 
sow black- fiuxKl sheep an bccomo ns rare as vnlres at Killodeo. NoUiii 
to Iw bnJ but thoiui inforoftl Cberioth." 

" Bliiok-fai'oi] iir Cbcviut, tuu seem to have tkrivcn ou Umm. Von 
look .votir work nil over, nitd I could hnvo sworn ron cnme into the room 
in D nifih of Hi^anJ air from Stmthgramblc." 

" It does credit to Tour imagination tben, for I was fon«d to travel from 
CHrlihlfi in a carriage hcaiSBUcall.v senled. But pendiuf^ 8aaa' arran^o- 
lubuU, will Tou impart tiio rayatory of ibe uiac-o' clock brvakfiuil. anil Iclt 
mowbat Ton faavo been doingwitb yonriu^lr all this timo ? I almost fcarrd 
yoa mnst have gone out of town. Since the old lady's fiuieral Atnuda 
baen't e&id a word about yoa in bor lett«ra." 

Huffli, of a sudden, became tfxceedingly picstiin^ in Uiii attentions to 
lu8 t'uc«(t, wbile bo f^ainod aomu eeeouds of burried rcdectiou, wliirb 
decided bim to takn bim into his cnntidcneo. Ko plnnf^ng in mrditu rrn, 
be |{uvu a bripfsketcb of pretty ncaHy all tbat bad passed sioco his rfliirn 
to England, binding (l*orge over to secrecy as to the then incomplet 
^jXRUigt'aicnts for the Company, iiud siipprvf^iiig, it \« needlciot to eay. al 
BiMitiiiii uf the little (h-i^Ut* in tli(< garden at " Tbv Cedant." 

" Well." ri;joined (iooTf^e, when be bad heard bim to the end, " jon've 
done just tbo aiirt of tliinff I Kbotild bnvo expi'cted of you, and I wish you 
ull manner <>F success. To tell tbc truth, I thought th^rc might bo some 
cootnrati betwi'cn you and my people, and then I fought sby of condoling 
with joo about tbat aboounable Ireak of the old woman's, till I kutiw how 
you took It. Il was an awful iueer, to b« snro. and I should bare «-rittcD 
to trll yon Umt, ncit to yourself, no nnn could feel it mora than 1 did, 
only 1 tbonght you inigbt to tuku tbat fur gninUHl, and perbupa tbo least 
said was soonest mnuded. Bo I made np my mind to n'ait a bit and then 
run np to town and e«o yon ; and. In short, that bad perhapfi nearly as 
much to do nith uiy movomentH an thp i^nse and tbn mutton." 

"You'ru an iiseclteut follow, Oeorgo," said Hugh, slrrtcbiiiy out bia 
hand : '* but, an ytiu aee, the blow has fallen, and I'm not a bit the worac. 
On th^ rontrary, I never folt in harder (wndition. — mind and body."* 

" So I'm delighted to see ; but, After all. I'm not Rony to be bore, fur 1 
: don't sDppoflc yon caro to quarrel with my (ntber ? " 

"Very far fmm it, and di-pcnd on it, il wUl be no fault of mine, if we 
don't cry quitH, and let liyj^oncs bo bygonos." 

" AU right then ; only Icare it to me. Maude shall send yon an 
invitation to dinner forthwith, and you'll (omo hack to os on the old 
footluf;. jnirt. an if nothing; bad bapponed. It will bo a great relief to o^ 
futbfr, that t can aiutwiT fur. I have no doubt he deeply reacts onytbin** 
■.toajfretUibU) be uwv h:u'» «nid. )nit I snpp<imi ynii don't hold to hcurinjj liJm 
tell yon m ? '* 

As may Iw snp["-'st.i|. flii}.'li ;;i;i'ii^ jninptd nl n proposal that bo 
iRiUri'ly t4Ub<jd with hiR vriabeti. (jvorgL- was as good as bja word. Next 
day Mr. Childersli^iflb receiwd from Maude a triouAW >S K«tmA'wcKft,*»& 



the follovbg cvciiiug uiiviofr at " The C«dan " ralUcr late, sod fiudiog i 
or two filraugora Lo lireak thu awkwanlucsB of a family gatheriug, he 
(iver tbe long-dreaded inU-'mew easily enough. Maade, to oiitn-ard seemtnj 
QDniffied, veleomod him ws tho ft-ank pIcHsant Uost««s. Her father, loukingj 
and feeling rather ashamed of his lat^oatbre&ks.nov that hie first disappolat 
ment had epont itself, stroTo to iitone tbem by an nnwontcdly demonstrativi 
cordiality. Yet, with il all, Iltigb felt tbat, pcmianiuilly impovcrisbcil 
the bnnker boliovod him to ha, he scnrcely stood ou hb fomior footiii^ wit 
hiB host. PurkiHs assiKied at the hiintjuet nf reconciliation villi mar 
thnn his habitaal tAcitaniity. For the moment tho lavonrite brother fan 
his father's ear, and in the intenuitteiit vrar vrogcd lu the hmis^'holJl 
betvecn tlie powers of good and e^-il. On^maitdes vns for tlie time iu Iht 
HScenduut. So ho hid*^^ his upjKirttuilty, witli a ^eum of ch£>i<rfu 
confideuco lightening bifi sullen meiiitatiouif, m ho assured bicisclf 
Bomo new folly of Hugh's mont Boooer or later play into hi.s hands. 

Hiigb bad purposely outstayed his fellow-gaoste — nrho bad taken early] 
IcuTc. Oil was the practice oo simUnr occasioiu of tho habitues of " The 
Cedars." Sir Basil, who had no clue to hts iiitentionii or plans, bl 
serupiiloRsly avoided inquiring into Ihrtm. He had a vague doUoq tbat m^ 
Ibe futiiru bu mi^j^bL possibly give Hugh a bclpitig linnil townnis eooK'thiDg, 
but in tlio mcniiUine bis ilominatit ides was t« take care thni he committal 
biuiseir iinuccc'iisimiy to nothing. Hugh surmised and qnitc approciatt't 
bis niotiv«g, and determined, as a step towards more easy reUtious. tu gir< 
a hint that, read by the light of coming eveutij. mi^ht pass for u jMirtU 
confidence. Su, following np eome rt'ntork, he added iu an iuditfiriut ton^ 
of Toice, — 

"And, by the way, I foiget if I mentioned il, bat I intend domra* 
lienttng myself iu Horley Blrect." 

That moraicg be bad taken George iuto his coofidenee u va koow. bul 
the faces of the others expressed astonishmeul b their different degrees- 
Sir Basil's, perhaps, in the superlative. 

' ' Settle in Harley Street, but how — why ? " Sir Basil stAmtnot 

hesitaiod and stopped ; be felt it would bo perilous every way to touch ux 
the Tcry dclicuto iuibject of Hugh's «-o;^-s and means, 

" You mean to say, papa," suid Muudc, coming to the resooo, " that 
yon should have thought Mr. Childersliiigh's bright rounis in the ' Albany 
would be m much more pleasant thou that dull old bouse ; aud su sbtrali 
I, 1 must cuufL-se." 

At the same time, she sueeecded l>nl ill in rouccidttig bu-r o-nri inlL-rv^cl 
and eoriotrity in an announcement which, as she felt instinctively, impUctlj 
Home niomtinlous decision. 

"So they are in one way," rejoined Hugh; "bat then the mom] 
cxtennn' accuQunodnlioti happpits tu suit my prcoont circmnstjiticBH bottvrd 
BO, allteit a good deal agoinel the gnun, 1 huTe derided ou the move." He 
nnilrd in his slooTo to see how tboronghty the dimble mcaiung cnnTpycd 
in the ailmion to bis eircumstances mvAtificd his Ii»tcn<m. 



" I'm STini we aball aU l>e extremely glul to hare jon settlod among tu. 
' I aaly hope joa'ro iioliDg for the bent," proeeedod Sir Basil, but once mora 
pultiog up eLftrply, ui he caught himself rsTorting inrolonUixil; to the 
> cumpromifiing toiui of Uio goardiao. 

"I bitvo very lilUo doult uf it, I auure jon* Sir Basil, but UsM 
will «bow." 

"Bj the waj, thca, you tnll want to get rid of your roams," broke ia 
George. "As the other booAti is standing waiting for you, you may as^ 
well turn out at once, 1 aujipoeo, and as good lack will have it, I know 
man — Basset of ours — who has ju«t sold oat and is looking about for 
ijuorlere. He is uoarly as rich as MonUi Cbristo and quite as impetuoue, 
and if you'll only make way for him, he'll draw yon a cheque for anything 
yoa like without bargaining. 8haU I bring him to you ? " 

" Miiny thanks, George, I wish yon would. But I can't go at once. 
Kir. Basset may hare th«m, say» in a conple of months." 

"That's no manner of use ; Basset's sore to have suited himaelf long . 
before," responded George, Bhaking his bead, hut not attempting to ar 
} point. Ue know well by exporiuneo that irhen Uogfa's mind wan made 

to an Apparently foolish thing, K woe generally for some reason perfectly 
Batiafaclury to himself, and n-as not to be shaken by others. 

Sir Basil's face was eloquent of profound disgust, bat bo said nothing 
nitUl Uugh had taken leave. Then he broke out— 

" What's bred in Ibe bone, you sec. It's the old story. Ak reck- 
Itiiittly improvident as hut &ther, and nothing will ever euro him. It's 
some wild crotchet of bis, this movu into Harley Street ; but the keeping 
on his ruoms, and refosing such an ufler as he will never have again, is 
the very madness of prodigality." 

" I make Uttle question you will find yomrseLf the snffijrer by the 
UTW^eDieat in the long run. sir," interposed Purkiss, pleasantly. 
*' Evidently Hugh has made up liis mind to stick by his relations as long 
na avor tlicy ntlll stick by him." 

"I ara euro you for one had^ never any great reason to complain of 
liptDg uviT- troubled wiiii him, Pitrkitm," retorted George ; " and I'll onsiver 
for it, whatever may happen, he never dreams of taxing your generosity." 

** Take care he does not moke on experiment on yours, before you 
[ib* list of him, QeoTgs. He'U be a fool if be docs not, that I will say 


With which parting shot Purkiss retired for the night, following bis 
&tber, and loaving George aluno with his sister. 

■< Ur. Cbildetsleigh's whole conduct is a mystery to mt, I eoi 
George," »hc began ; " and I dou't womlcr it puzzles and vexes mj 
Cktber. I don't profess to know what bo means by going to li%'ti in Harierl 
Street, altliouj^b, if I am not very murb miRlokon, yoa do ; and it doeii 
seem strange that, when money must bo an object, he should refnse to let] 
your biend haro his rooms for the sake of staying in them a month or twQ 






^^m ** You're a sharp ofaaorrer, Maude, wlieu it jilonscs yaa to aol 1 

■ uits to vork on a saliject that interests von," atuwdnx]' her broUk' 

I Inughbg and looking at lier, till she gave up Ui« ftttem|rt to brtixcu it out 

I aud tamed au*iiy in somo confufiiou. ** Yes, I do know wLv Im aws 

I Uarloy Street, fJtluHigb I uu boaud o\er to aileueo, bat a duv ur tw< 

I more will gratify jmir curiosity, bo take tltat for rour comfnrl. A*. 

I thti other, Uko you, 1 can tot gaeta." 

^K " Bui yon do gaosa '? " 

^^f " Well 1 kDovriog uothiiig wLatovor bnt sotnetbiag of the circnmetAnvLHt 

&ud BometLing of Hugh. I should my it cau hj no. powiibiliiy bo anj 
rija&uu persoual to liiuisolf that makoB a seusiblu man Uko him aol as h» 
i» acting. There can he notbing vhaLer«r to prevent hi» Icaviug tha 
' ^Vlbaiiy,' w) Llm difficulty, if thwo is odi>, muat he in Uariey Sirvut. He 
biippca«d to tell me he shunld do nutbing (o Iho houie or th« fbmj- 
tuTL- in the meautinte, ro there can tw no bitch about that. Should ym 
uoi Ray it may he the [inuieune i>f Miss Winter that i'UibarniHM>a him f 
He cau't vol! go into tbo house while ithe eUiys in it. Ue won't lam hpF 
out. Sn be tiittt down ([tURtly under a iH-avy ktss he c»n ill afford, and 
waitti perforce till abo or mme one eltte helps him oat of biti diffieultj]r»: 
Wouldu't that be Qagh all over, I a»k yon, Maudo '* " 

" It's wry poflflihle you are right, George," rejoinwl Muudp. medi- 
tatively ; "iind I've u vuiy grwat niiud to drive iiiUi Harli-y Street to- 
morrow. Itiiloed it viut thoiigbttes.s of mc not to hnve gone before 
that poor girl must to wri-tchttdly debate." 

" Better late than never, Slaadu, and 1 don't think yim omild piMsiblj 
do a kinder action. Lucy Winter n311.1t be all nhroad, and if she i« Ungb' 
difhculty. who can help him uut of it ae a womau can ? " 

" I've put uiattoni in train, and gome good must snrely come of it," 
vas hin ramtbrluble reflection as ho walked uptdaim. " Bat 1 ahonJj 
Tcr}' much hkc to know why Mnade boa taken to speaking so propiTly u 
' Mr. Childersleigb ' all of a saddcii." 


MisR Winter t/>sra a TToitk and fixdb a Fribkd. 

Jjvcx WiKTBB had, indeed, been desolate eoongb — desolate in the dcsoti 
lluu that ia aggravated by Qncongenial society. Old 3Iias Chil>] 
had picked her np not only an orphan hot a w:iif, a child whuju: 
relations were so hr rvwoved thai tbev could scarcely bu rcasunablj 
^•ip<!Cted to corac out of their way to look after her. Any pr'^i^ 
charity er conBcicncc that may have troubled them, were «tir 
xcy CAiue to bcir tbut thu had bcC'D claimed and r. ' 
lid wotnau. Ualf cuvyiu^ the girl bei* luck, half ii: _ : ^ _ l , n 
of b«r proteclreM, they thoaght it lb« saivr plan to aaHiune aha wai 



ridfid forponnanently; and. on UiiU miJcrBlanding, to misli tlifjr band* 

;«f lici- in case things shonld clinncc! to tarn ont diffcrontly. If tUr-jlmd 

u<ard of iihe ChiMfirsleigL's death, dottbtlcss the same prudence rccom- 

icndcd reiiceDce, vrbile ihcy woro yfil id iguurunco of tlio stuto of Uieir 

fuuu}{ rtiluLivo's furtiuies. Id odj case no mesMtges of condoleuoe or ofTcni 

of nid hnd come to Lucj. There eho had snt, oiopio-; iii the solitude of 

iter rooDi, Uko 6omo wretch isolated ic an i&undotioti. irho, look vberc* 

Iha will, seea nolLiiig but tlid bl&ck, blaok, hopelou woiitc of waters that 

fjccops thrcatcuin;* Ituu on liht Kiucly p«rch. X'oug au aotomatou in a 

Iboimi'iiold tltiit revolved by cltickwurk in ilu monotimniu. ruutino, she hod 

I never beeo trained to think or suObred to act for hcr»elf. Now despair 

^08 bor natural rvfntto from a nialc of things that would Lnvo tried tho 

tstrength of a mncb moro sotf-rcliaDt chanietcr. and cuch (euble attempt 

ah« made at roojuriug up something like a prospect, ended generally iu 

,« lieurQr fit of crjiti^' ; wbile, ns her eourago ebbed with her fipiritfs, thufid 

|i:£t8 boauDe more frufjueut aiul more violent. 

Lilc bad oonT boon very bright to her, and tliey were drcinut rather than 

rBaliticB nho had to regret. She fcU in her wretchednctts that if she could 

.only dissolve away iu her own tears, and vauiab out of exinteuc« iu a painletu 

, death, it would be far the pleaaantesl way out of her IronUes. But thou 

I a doiiputeh hlto that ondcntly dcntauded nulimitod and uiidislnrhcd licenee 

of grief, and the energeUo Mrs. Parkyna had a genitu for rousing people 

I a bit, a« she was pleased to express it. She web eontlnually sweeping 

^icto the room in a borruHca of bombanne ; and iu their diabolical although 

nnintcntioDol ingenuity, her briefest senteuot.>ij acted as npeUs to sot all 

Ihi: finer sunsibihLiea tm edge. Her ualure was a klnd-hciu-led one iiL 

bottom ; for the iirst day or so nhc hod been pa^ieably tolerant, nud abo 

"tnighC ha^'c remained so hod she ever been in the way of giving herself 

Ultimo U'} think. But t>he had neu-r betu giited with overmQcb patience; 

and compelled to assume nilh MiKtt Childerslcigh a virtue that was uono 

of hem, shtr very nntttrally hastened to indciunify horsiilf fur the fretting 

^ponnneo now that circumstances had made hor hor owu mit;tro^s again. 

J<ucy'9 tears fell Uko oil on the flamo of her temper, and slio blazed up 

Ll}eforo she know she was getting angry. Her old jealonsy of the gij-1 

tfould revive, fed by tho obvious shrinking from her fiory compuniaQBhip. 

Eie^ssee of lauguugo were regularly followed by fits of remorse that sent 

liur bock npoutaDt, ouJy to explode ngniu and repeut tho oilcuocs she 

■' I know I'm hot, Miss Luey, and I'm sorry I said what I did ; bat 

it's enough io trv the temper of a cheniliim to soe you irobbing aud 

teryiug, and never heeding a bit what I i^ar. Ixird bless me ! now there 

you arc at it ngain : aud what fur, 1 cim't for the very hfe of mo imagine. 

I've uu patience with people that set up for finer feelings than other 

people. I should bo a;^uunod, if I were yon, to bo alwayi ci^-tDg bcoanse 

^■hu didn't lituve you better olf, mid so I tell you ; and there yon are like 

lady with your 70/> a year, whili! 1, who have toiU-d and moiled oil tbeae 

yean I'U just give yon a bit of my mmd ivbil« I'm uboat i\ Uias Vwy} 

Aud tbcsro I go ftgoio, but to bo STire yon're enough to prorok* tLe 
very ftDgels." And PnTk^mo, In a violent cfTort upon faorsolf, would font 
iJown on hor sides the hrmii she hnd stnck akimlm, serevr np h«r Upi 
upoD the rush of her otoqnence, uid tear boraelf balf-cboluDg oat of 
tho room. 

But if PArkyna was litUe of a comfort to LacT, alio shrunk stiit more 
from Hooker. This vos the more UDgratufuI imd aouccountnblo. tiint tbd 
vholfl mttnner of that demure domestic hftd softened into a demonstrative 
tendeniHs, and become redolent of xtx ofiteDtatiouH coniiideraUon lor har. 
It was nnreasomng, douUlcRs ; bat in a slate of mind like hers, raasM 
abdicates its seat, nhile faociful sorrows fall as heavily as real ones, and 
thus her |fn)ning dread of encounters with the butler mode her Ule odc 
perpetual shudder. But there is a providence that tempers the wind to 
the shorn lamb, and she had at least the comfort of having in the bud- 
room, that was patent to Park^iis, a saaclnary sacred from Hooker. At 
6ret she made bor descents from it in fear and trembling to the dining- 
room to partake her solitary meals, where the viands were poisoned by the 
presence of Iter bugbear, who, in his vcrEatUo conversaliou, stooped liis 
iutelligonco to hers, and waited apon her with affectionate patromAgA. 
At la^t the nervous horror with which sho looked fonvaril to these fnrmid- 
able occosiouB bad sent her to bed with symptoms not at all unhku tha 
heralds of a gniTe illness. However, a night's repose, with the prospect 
(if a day's relief, comparatively restored her ; and noxt morning she was 
roused and swept out of bed under tho thrcal of a visitation from 
Dr. PilUngton. She would nillingly have asked leave to hrcakfiuit with 
Parkyos, but that lady aud Lncy'a bile twirf took their meals togcthor. 
So, pale and nervous, sbe waited till she knew her own had long been 
laid, and believing her enemy must be weai-ied of wailing ftjr her, slunk 
down on tiptoe that Bhe might anatrh a morsel in comparative comfort. 

60 noiselessly, indeed, did ehe glide downstairs that she was absolntoly 
unheard by Hooker, who, with his bands under his coat-tails — the picture 
of a woU-fcd citizen who lives at home at ease — was conlumplattvcly 
looking over tho window-blinds nt such pnralysed lifu aft atagnatas in 
Hnrley Street. At the sight and tho disappointment the poor girl started, 
and the tears that were always brimming up ran fairly over. She made 
ft stealthy moremcnl as if to lUp back again nnperc^ived, then stopped 
hesitatingly, resting her hand on the table. It shook bo rii^tjy that 
Uie rattling of the china made Hooker torn. In a mumenl he was by her 
side, looking with profound solicitude in her face, overwhelming her with 
tender iiw]uiriea after her health, ofBciousIy bustling over her breakfiut 
ammgements, and volunteering a variety of obtrusive little offices. 

"Ah, Miss Lneyl" be began, tvith a acutinicntal air that sat hot 
awkwardly on him, " it goes to my very heart to bo sure to see you mope 
like this. I've watehed you, you know, ever since tho day they brought 
yon here, till Tts ccom to look on yon — if you'll let me say it— ^uite 






cluld of my own. Yon woulJ hardly believe now how I'vo felt for you 
Bometimeti when sho wonld he dowa upon you." 

' Huts Childeraletgh was uIwajb reiy good to me, Hooker," answered 
ocy. nor Toice trembkd m agitaiioD oad a Uttlo anger ns vett, and, on 
the whole, she mlher welcomed an ohacrvation she wm cDDstToiiiod to i^Mut. 

" Fitr be it froni uw to speak in unything bat tho highest terau of the 
departed one, MissLac^, or of a mutreas I always loved and estoemeil. 
Nothing could be bo £iur from my tboughti^, I tihonld si^om myBclf for 
the action w«re I only capable of it," insisted Hookur, with injnred and 
impfGHiuvfi solemnity. 

*' I am quite mre of il, Uooker," Lncy hastened lo explain ; a litUo 
frightened atler her fluttering diKphiy of temerity, And disposed to be 

"I waa eoriaiu yon could not mietmdcrstand me, Ifiss Locy : wo have 
luiown each other moch too long for tbnt, I hope. But I only wi^h 
I rould pt-niuade yon of the roal interest 1 take in yon. Ah I I'm an old 
man now. bat J mif^ht he of some nao to you yet if you would only look 
npon me as your weJl-wishur." 

lu luii hoDcst warmth he took in his own tho little hand that was 
crumbling away at tho cold toast in default of reaolation to go ont in 
aearch of the batter. Laey jerked it bock instinctively before tho pulpy 
uBgen had well clmed on it ; but nppnrcnlly neither oll'ended nor discou- 
ctrteJ by the (Candid vivacity of the action, lie proceeded, — 

" Purdon my spoaking ont, Uiss Lucy, bat the phiin trath is that 
yua are left hero quite alone, witli no one in the world to advise yon " 
— tlie tears that bod been trombliug in the eyelids began to loll fost — 
" tuid not a eoul to tell you what in the befit thing to do. It isu't to bo 
f xpcct«d yon should know yourself, and if I make so bold as to epoak 
to yon, it's because I'm quito sure yon don't wont to bo in any onc'K 
way, and becanse, as I happen to bo aware, you are putUcg oat other people 
ho huvc pIuuH iif Ihcir own." 

Hooker waited imd Lucy sobbed. 

•Yon can't stay on here, as you mast sco yourself," he proceeded 
; dropping the wordA delilwratitly into her ears one by one. " Tha 
is Sir. t'liildc-relei|;;h's now, and he means to uko it; but if bo 
did m>t, a house of Mr. Cbildorsleigb's is not tho place where I should 
like Ui see any young lady 1 cared about. Feoplo will talk, you know." 

Ah it chanced, at that moment Lwy hud in her pocket a note uom 
Mr. Cbildi'mletgh himKolf, in which, assuring her ho hod no present 
iuteuUon of occupying tho house, and that he intended Mrs. Parkyus to 
remain in U in the meantime as lus housekeeper, ho begged her to nso 
it jnst as long as i^ho pleased. Moreover, ho reminded her of his promiffo 
to be of ficrrica to her. and repeated tho assarnnee that Caw things woiiM 
make him more happy than her showing him bow to redeem it. 

Lncy said nothing of all this to Hooker, but it flashed upon her that 
he DQ^ht bo only speaking tho truth iu IclViu^ Uci feW ^«a «xl «^xt^Af^.%\^i 

rot, xxt. — jfo. 122. *^« 



Mr. duldeitilei^'B yray, ftnd im aho grow more dcsqmndenfc nbont bonel 
she fult she ought jwrliaps to be gratofol to ber tormentor. 

'* 80, Hiss Loot, as I may meutiijD to jua iu coiifidL<iice, mj nptDi'i 
of Mr. Childorsleigh is imch tlmt I httvo como to the eoQciusioa I tthou 
be bv BO mows jastiBod in Bl:Lyiug on with him niysclf." 

"How daro yoa abase Mr. Childeraleigh bcbiad bis back f " L 
broko ro, ulinost 6ero£]j, turning like an Ofifgravatod favn ou an old 
byii^ua. " How dare jou eay siic)i tbiogs of bim, wbcn yon Jmovr 
na «L'U us I do to be kimlnoHa iUielf ? " 

"Kind CDongb, ami HOQiutimt'S pcrhajis rutber too kJud." retort 
Hooker, biting bift lips. "But 1 eboold bo tbe last person to ntn 
Mr. Cbibloreloifjb and tbo first to dofuud bim, oud if I speak out novr, job 
limy be BQrc it is not bnrauso I like doiug it. PeHinpA yon might ugref> 
with mp if I could rvntiu'c to tell yon mora ; aflcr all, he's no worse, I 
daresay, than a great many other gentlemen, nod a good deal b«t 
than some.*' 

" Thank you, bat I won't hear jron tell me anything onoro — ; 
one word." And I.ticy llutU^rcd up from perhaps the most mlscmblo 
she had ever eat down to. 
!• *< Only one moment, HIbb, please/' said Hooker, talking Cutt nml 
prt^vrpitaiing luiu'^clf dtispumb'ly tolo a proposal he luid meant lo !•' > 7 
up to gently. For be hud cumo beforobuud to the coDoluaoo tiial .; 
not made at once, oirctinmlAnces might 04:cur to present iU bc-uig m 
al all. *' Ooo inameut, I be^. I don't really know why wc should i*o 
talking of Mr. ChUderslui^h : for, oneu out uf httt id^ht, be i}uit4] Riim ho'l 
n*:<vpr spare a thonj^ht eillier to yon or nic. What I began by nnvi 
was that you ranst loare thi.s house woncr or hit«r, and that my huniii 
opinion wag the Boonor tbe better. Now I don't know if you're any 1 
of where you are to go, or what yoti mean to do ? " 

Ho waited for tlut unswer, whit'h he know as well as ebe did vo 
nerer come. 

"And if yon bare no plans, whatoreria to become of a yoong Ui 
born and hroaj^ht op llko yon ? Perhaps yon may have no money eit 
and dupend on it uolhiuv; of that little uonuity of yours will oume tp 
for bcaron knows bow Inng " 

Al this allntdon to hor Uterully pecnilesB condition, Lncy, with 
impnticDt toss of ber head, ohicd from the coarse band that touched 

00 roughly, and made another mnrpnient towardii the door. 

"Well, MiM Lucy, Imt yon rouwt look all that in the fnce. I'm on oU 
man, and 1 sua before yoa the troubles yon can know notbinfj of. If 
tpenk at nil, it's only booause I would wiitb lo see yon apon-d tbam. Al 

1 con do &ir you, I alTer lo do ; I pnl my very best at your dixnosnl, aad 
ran do do more, I've pnt by a Buug bit uf money in my dny, and i're 
I'm {]lad lo my, ii~ ble n cotUge down CombarwuL) way us 
vub U> see. Afy :-■ : is there now; aha's always been u»ed 
my boot vt ffDcivfy, bttu Cot jtan own lady (o her Grace tbe 



jB£:Ooimai)glit ; imJ, io ehorU it iroiiM be boUi a pride aiid a plcdsorc 
la mo, Miss hvcj, if you'd couscnt to more out there nt onco aod take 
.iima to look qoicUj about ;od. The longer jou choose to at&j vritli na, 
iLo mori' welcome we'll make you." 

This mnet uneipt-ct^'d auil hoKpitalile propn;SJiI incrcosctl I>Dcy's 
.pitiabii.' emharrasKmcDt o huudrcdfold. Ucr dislike of iluokor bad 
dioadily deepened in her Mk witb him, luul now, just as it bad grown 
to loathing, lio heaped cools of liro upon ber head. Hvlplc-tui iia her 
condiLioD WOK, she felt nt odcc that lus iuvittitiuu did nut lidmit of n 
momanl's n'floclion, that la accept it wne an absolute iinpOMiibility. Yet 
bcr rcmonu at being noable lu (eul ovro the cumtnoDcst gratitude made 
it flcem tha niorti tenible to hurt him by r^ecting kindness so dis- 
iQti^rmited. She griiiw redder and redder, hotter and bott«r, an mho 
lapidly rehearsed lurms of refusal, tUl at last her words bo)t«d furlh iti 
aa awkward a shape as tboy could wuU have token, and in sheer dcspcre* 
lidii she blurted oat, as she rnsbcd post bim,— 

" Ob, no, thank you, Hooker. Yon're very kind indeed, I'm sure ; 
ycry Uimt; bnt I can't — nu, 1 couldn't — ob, not Ihr the wbolo world." 

If Uookcr did look rather annoyed us his cycu followed her la. bor 
I-otfuat, can ve wonder at it ? There could h|trdly have been a moro 
uujp-Ficioiis refusal of a f^onoroos and dlsmt^rsstcd offer. 

Linry flitd op to her room nnd locked herself in. W'horo all Porkyns*^ 
vi^urous remoniitraQces had fuiJt-d, Uookvr's phiiu spcakiDg hod Hiicceedcd. 
tihe did rooso herself, and now that a decision seemed forced on her, she 
' tried hard to think Mriously. They are never rciy easy, first Qtlempts . 
tof tbo kind. The limp mind, utterly nn&ccustouied to dificipllnc, wiUJ 
stra^Iiug away from its puiul, iudul^iu}- iUelf in the old purpoutilL-vs 
' Janu'ututions. 8ho had nnt got much further than tbo assuring herself 
fur the thousandUi timo that she was the most oubappy of girls, and Ihnt 
she would fi^ve all she hod or hoped, for a friend ehe could confide iu or 
cuuaull, whi>n the was startled by a Utitiideriux ilnuble-knuck at Ihe door 
iti'Iow. It woko the slumbering echoes all orer the nUont bouse, and they 
I yuipt moatbing the sonnd>i backwards and forwards among them as if onc^ 
disturbed they would nerer go to sleep again. Kven in the depths of ber ' 
jtmuUe. pcrhiipa iu Kumo vogue hope of a way out of it, Lucy's curiosity ' 
Aita exciuid by the uuiiccustomcd arriral. 

She looked aver her blind and canght a glimpse of the roof uf a 
vtigbam and the crown of a coachman's bai. She trembled all over ; 
)tild it ba Ibis tcniblo Mr. Childorsleigb, the friendly Hooker had 
an so darkly of, come on a visit to his bouse, and if so, whatever was' 
to say to bim i Thru iihe heard the bulU-r's well-known footfall 
inting the stairs, and a moment &n«r, the tap of his wcU-padde^ 
cklos on bnr door. She went to opc-u it, sbaddering nt the glimpse of ^ 
tLo swalleu eyes, wa!<bod-out cheeks, and red-lipped nose she caught in 
iht glaiis. 

"It's Miss Childorslcigb, Miss Luc r ; Alias Mando fran:kH«xa'^«&jca&.\ 

she ftskcd to tee yon, bat I told hor bov very unwell joa hid been, onJ 
laid I nitber fvand 3*011 might not b« able to como down to hor. Bo if I 
was jou, I wouldn't exort yunrsulf to do U ; there's not tbo Bli|^l«t 

" Obr tliank yon, Hooker," excl.ituie«l Lacj, for odco tmfiugMdfy 
thankfal; "if yoa're sore sb« wonldn't be aunoyed, l*<ll her tbat I 
redly am ill ; that I faavo a very bod headnchc indeed. But be sortt you 
my bow inoeh obllgc-d t am to hor." 

" Ob, yes, Miss I^cy, yon miiy qmto depend open me. I'll mtilu it 
All right, yon trnst me." And Hooker withdrew veil pleased to aimoniBee 
to Miss Cbildcrsleigh, that MiRS Winter was lying down in bur room with 
n severe headsrhe ; tbat she was ntteiiy une<inal to seeing any one, bat 
seat Miffi Childerslcigb her very gratofiU duty. 

•• Poor child I " said Htm Child crelcigh, " bor bead moat bo bei 
iDde«d — wandering, I filiould think, if that vaa bor mwcaga. 80 she 
sent me ber gratcfijl duly? "and she Intd a marked enpbuia on the 
last words. 

"Well, Miss Maade," besitattxl Mr. Uooker, rather taken aback, 
" she said that or something like that." 

" Thank yoti. Bat, yon see, as ynii have oridootly forgotten ber 
vords, it is just poenble you may hare mistaken ber meaning. I think 
I'll go upstairs." 

*■ But I do assure yon, Miss, — ^you've no idea bow rery bad tJic is." 

" You beard ue eay I shoold go up, did you not ? Will you show 
me ber room, or nniHt I find it iiir myself? " And Hooker, fain to obcj* 
nshered the way accordingly, rolnble in apologies. 

Miss Childersleigh's voice bad changed a good deal vhen she soAI 
niipealed to Lney to open, and n-beo. the two girls stood face to 
the real concern itho sbowod was the best apology for her imporiuniti'. 

" 1 won't make apologies fur taking your room by storm in this way* 
my dear Miss Winter," she began ; " tf 1 did, I Rhonld bare to go back 
and ask pardon for not baviog como in search of you long before, and for 
thai I frankly eonfoss I have not a word to aay ; I can only throw myself 
on your mtrcy." 

On tbo rare occasions when Lucy had secu her visitor before, ihey 
had barely exchanged a doeen of words. She bad beeo in the habit of 
wondering at ber from a distanee, opjircitsed by her magnificent loiletl««, 
and slill more by the imperturbable self-poesessiou she opposiNl to the 
hniiujufrir* of iha late .Miss Chttdorslcigb. Now she scnrct'ty recognized 
ber in the tiuict dnii»a aud quieter manner. I'beFo -waa tiomelhiug too in 
3Iaade's face that assured her of sympathy, aud afWr tbo uooougonial 
company ahe had been tbro«ti with of late, eympatbjr was what she 

t languished for. &o ahe did peibaps tlto best thing sbc coold have done 
in the cimnnstances, and broke dorm in one of thaso bursts of tcara 
of hers. 
Mandv was touched, and the mute appeal wu Qattering to bar btron^br 




'nnhirc. She rrprnneliod Iipi-Kclf wtUi bcr rliliiUirincfts as being greatly to 
bUtoo for Lucr'u miser.*, aod inwardly rvNulretl to atooo for it, and, for 
the momeat at aoj rnt«, tak« Iba other und^r her wiiig. Ooslung gaU 
aud femioinn se>ut)mc!nl she detcstod : cousoqacQlIy sho was Ly no m«&DS 
rich in ft-male friends, yet Boraeluiw next moment her arm was round 
Lucy, nod she via.9 n-bisp<-nD{{ in ber vsa words that mcnat little ia 
tbcan^elret), but which were perhaps none the less comforting on that 
nccount. Kre long, I.uoy vi» mifulding to tho unwonted sesfiatioo of 
baTJug somt! one wnnu to biT, and bad become liilkuUve and aJmost 
cLt>«rful over her griofg. Only as sbo brought bor history down to the 
incideots of the hour before, and the painful colloquy with Hooker, her 
face olondcd &x^a ; Hhe bad oearly forgotten ber present dilemma iu the 
TDiy excitemout of eipbuuing things to her new fricud. 

" 80 I mnsl make iijt my mind wliiit I am to do with inyBctf. I knew, 
ofcomw, tbil 1 cocldu't stay on bere, hat I ki^pt patting off thinking 
nbonl it. yti. Chllderslcigb has hecn reiy good ; bow good I scarcely 
knew till Hookor told mc. hut bis kuiducsB is only a rcaBon the moro for 
removing myself oat of his way." 

"Yes, I think with yon, dear; it will be better on all orroiints that 
yon don't stay on here, and much pleasauter for Toureelf. Ko wocd«r 
yoa look ill ; what aKtonlshea mc is that you have not moped and worried 
youreelf to dcatb days ago. * The Cedan* ' are not very gay, it's true, hut 
I tbiuk I can oiiHwor for it, you'll find our buuso more lively than thii^ 
one ; at nil cvt'ot? w^'ll nil try our b««t to make you like it. Hu you'll 
«emc to mp for a long visit, won't you ? and then wo sbnU have lime to 
talk things quietly over." 

'• Ob, bow very kind yon are, Rfiss Childersleigh," {irtsped Lucy, her 
faco becoming instaiiluneoiuJr nidiaut ; " hut I conldn'l think " 

*' Call me Maude, to begin nitb, Lncy, do ptuasc ; we're relations, 
ii*oa know, altbongh neither of us B«em tu havo remembered it, and I 
intend w« ebull be friends too. You most forgive if yon cuu't forget the 
shRmefoI way we've all led yon to youritelf through thin dismal time. It 
wa« only tbongbUpasncKs, believu mc. Come you mn^t, and yon roatly 
ciin'l help yourself, for it's your only excuse for refoBing Mr. Hooker. 
^Miy bo ever asked yon I can't conceive, but I eapposo we must take it 
for granted bo meant welt : I i«liall try to sot him down in fataro m one 
of tho^c uulorky individunln whose mannt-r is agaiusi them, but who are 
far botlC'r tbau tbcy seem. But I see tho very mention of his invitation 
has de«idod you to accept mine, so you may as well pack np forthwith, 
iind save mo the trouble of coming back for you. AVe'Il have Mrs. Parkyns 
np at onre and one of the maids." 

In a man'clloiisly short space of time, Lncy was exchanging really 
regretful forewvIlB with Purk^'us, and, rcassnred by the presence of Maude, 
had shaken bands with Hooker, with many thanks for his invitation, and 
a profiision of apologies for declining it. Ploolcpr appeared bvirt, und a 

' deal put out as well, hut all that did not prtivcut his preaiuDg on Miss 

118 "*■ * AGIINBX TIMi^ 

Wiofcr a variety of patcmnl lUlenUoos. lu pcnson he hW 
rbar^^t^d on n bitrk ca.h, vIcioit.sIy twisting the ear of tlio bnltons na Lc 
lifU'd Lim itisido it, aud Bolemnly eommitkd Uiom to bis cbu-gc. Tbet 
he eloiicd tho brottgliaiii door tipitn the tn-o young ladii's with a stately 
cnrtscy. tmil in his Tolcdictory speech took tbe liberty of irishio-; Mt 
Liicy well, and of beseediiug ^liea Muudo to permit him, at- on uM bi^rvanl 
of her iumily, to oomc and pay bcr bis biunlfld- duty »i " Tbo Ct'dant." 

cnAPTiat xri. 


TuAT 'A'ns the goldflu h^. when, like Pallas Athene, or like GytliertEa ruiu*: 
£rom the foam, Companies sprang into being in tbo full priiiti of Uuutj 
wisdom and beauty, v>itb intuitive cxperioncc and a profusion of witclii&f^j 
Kutiles at Ibn Kci^icu of all uomors. It took little Ibi'U but n Bo;^iril uudj 
a prospectus, socuo mahogany aud a giiod deal of plato-ghus, to mako 
institution, and tlio Credit Foncicr and Mobilier of Turkey bad oil thcsuj 
aud much mora to boot. It was nono of jour (ouporary tooths sboU 
up fuugU8-liku iu tho heart of the Cit}r- Vanity I-'air : booths run up ot\ 
matoriala picked up an^ivbero and draped in gnudy calieo and tiuEel to 
their rotU'nness ^m tho pubbc. In tho pride of its chiu-acteristic oriontut 
Arcbit«(ture, the Crt-dit Foncicr reared itiscif like Abdu-y-robman's famoofrl 
ino5i|iie, upon inARKy columns contribnted from every clime — Oltomna 
porphyry, UcUenic marbb', Scottish gi'auite, 6'eestouo, HandHtouo. 
Kentiflb rng. Tho City pillars, most rritieally ftcnttinized fay fumpricnt] 
judges, OH being quarried nearest home, were solid enough, as all tho City 
knew. Their bftses vcre seated the de«p«r, that years and former pauiosj 
had heaped around Uiem the wroeks of many a fiallen boose. Xuw Uioj 
buiuuesa wmi full nix montlis old too, and iu tboRC days ba&iuciti;e« v< 
not Duty bom into their prime, but thoy lived fa«t. Tbo Credit Fonoii 
and ibbilicr of Turkey had come to be looked on on rutbor a venurablftl 
invtitntioQ, and ita tioromor, Mr. Cbilderskigb, was respected aa an old 
City man. 

Ijong ere now it hod movod out of its Lumpoi-ary uHicea into u paliwol 
IB Lothbnry, whot5o trjH portals and BrobdioguiigiaB viodovn wonld lutTt* j 
dwttfcd to pigmies n race of giint cuatomcrs. The moutiion had botm j 
reared rc^;'ardlefla of all cost Ly a speculative building contpany, on a siiaj 
bartArod Uit a caqveting of bank-notos. Its founders had givtu tbuir urcbi- 1 
loct rartf btauchf, merely stipulating UjaI a Cnbulonti numburof Pul«rbi-wt 
gruHo eol ' ' -uld !•«• introdnoed soniBbow or othi^ : > i < Itnlian 

foc*da. 1 row of thoM were divert<>d from tli> uatunJ 

pnrpomw, and eontecmtnl to Ibii imppori of a hetoro^D^lus Ct)10D]rofj 
Mataes, amoBj; which, bowincir, Ghildonleigb'rt raoro fodtidiona tiule had 
tt)riflt«d <Tu putting some tort of order. Towehug hi^ ahuvt) the rt'nt, h'f 



feattnva wreoUied in benigDHDt smiles, a ooIobmU figure of Plcotj wok 
eaptymg ont a eomncopiafii) of Uiu choicest gifla aud blcseicj;*) on Oiv 
(IoinIb of lurky uliunUi Ibut pai>»c<4l snrgiug nut and in bolow. 

Bcoffen eaid the embodied allegon'was prognant wiUi vmnuog. hiid the 
c-rovni bad. bnt the Trit uud grace to \>To&i br It : — thnt cho prcflidui(( 
dtliies of jobit-stocU Bcfaemos geuoralljr did cmptr their boiiketa io prematnro 
prviDinms nod a coiipln or so of oxcessivo dividends, SO that not only was 
tlierc nothing left io come in Ihc fnture, but they wei* ftctaally dhTca to 
keep cnlUng on their unlucky prott'-gt-s to replenish their vastfi. 

But few ytdte pcejndiced enough to deny that the Cndit Foncicr and 
)[ohilicr of Turkey vos an oxcoptiun, or snfficicuUy rash enough to aver 
that its most ronspicuooB emblem wus inappropriate. Ita managing men 
had gone io work from the fir^ to help tbemselTes, and had done all that 
Hkill and energy could do to make things safe for their Ehaniholdorfi. Short 
08 itfl career bad been, already it had osbLbliHhod a mar\'t.-)litus counccticiu, 
nail ^-uE they Ubonrrd on nt exlendino it. ns anxiously as if nil wcro Rtill Io 
do. The Company futind the adviinlage of beiof; directed by gentletn^'U, for 
Hemprigge'e ehrevdnosa landed him where Childersleigh hod stortod from. 
They took it for a maxim that civility uas iu no ease tbrowa avay. and ereu 
nppUeaata vrbo came to them on bootless errands often felt more pIciiBOutly 
Unrmnlis tho cunrtcnuu uauagera in Lothhory than to the underbred 
nomvrrux riefm at tlie head of rival estahUshmenta, with ^om thoj had 
boon more raec««rfal — men who bad the knaek of offending all corners as 
thoy svraggcTAd oat thi:!ir UtUe hour on the pilos of money-bags Ihoy bad 
tilobod firom a creduloiiH pubti£. 

"Punctual in usual, Mr. Childemleigh," exclaimed nempri^t^Cf as one 
mombg hi» hansom happened to pall up bctorc the st«p9 io I^othbur}', 
jnrt M Mr. Cbildcrsleigh appeared round tho eotncr from Moorgitbe Btnet. 
Mr. Childerslcigh had taken np his abode in the house be had succeeded 
Io provixioually, and patronized uetbodioaUy one porticnUr morning train. 
vu the UelropoUtan Ihulvay. Hompriggo had long ago ceased to mako 
wry facM at tho eittL-mu regitlarity of hiu principal's alUindance. Ue nu* 
not a man to waato hia time crying over what he euold do nothing to 
prcreat ; perhaps Lo constried himself with tho rcfli'ctiouB that if Ungb 
w'iiH leas of a puppet than be had intended him to bo, ho was more of 
a prup ; that the buaineea wus all tho Bouuder, aud that if he himself had 
loss control than be liked, he hod less laliour luid anxiety too. 

"Always punctual. J do not believe there is a uinu iu the City, filling 
a position like yoiim, who works himself half so hard." 

** Ho you LtJl me often. Uempriggu ; and I've often reminded you thai 
iinr |Kieition wouldn't be what it is if both of as did not keep oar abouldent. 
elose to tbt) wheel. Uesidns, few men work with such a spar as I ; oa 
you Very well know." 

" True enongb, Mr. Childcrtdei^ ; and now tbut you've rorored >o 
much uf tbu Dourse. what do yuu say to my propht.ciu8 of year beating 
lime, and londtug your»elf a wiuier? " 


" Thai I doa'l mean to Uirow aytzy a chases by ov6r-«oufideEic«, 
sare of that." 

*' But to look bock OQ the ground we're gooo over from tbo morning of 
oar general meeting— tbings promifW well, don't thoy? ConfeaH it now?" 

Uemprigge looked at him moro earnestly than the mattor-of-couree air 
with which he put the question woulJ have acumod to wnmtnt, aa It 
EiQsioDs to justify or contradict, by hearing Ohildoreloigh's impresaiaQf, 
some internal mifigivings uf his own. 

" It's mnch too early for anything more mbtitantial than hope ; bttt 
this I can say, that I can't recall anything to regret ; that I don't tie* 
where we could possibly have done much belter ; that, iaitoad ot buying 
our utperiencQ doar, we've been paid pretty handsomely for aequtring H; 
and, finally, let mo ndd, if wo bare kept on straight and steady, it has 
been in very great measarc owing to yon." 

Uemprigge smiled, but, as it seemed, with an clft>rt, and yon would 
have almost said ho appoiirod to Gnd the Dompliment an unpalatable one. 
Yot it was evident enough it was paid in all siucenty, and it camo from a 
man who rarely deult in such tilings, nod who had it in his power to 
follow up flattering words with deeds. 

"You really hare no roaaoo whatever to tliank me, although, next to 
yourself, I am more interested in your snccosu than anyone can be*. But, 
as you are aware, all my own hopes and interests arc bound np with those 
of the Company." 

"Or conrss I know all that, althon<;h I must confofis, in my selGsh* 
uesa, I Eometimcs forget that any of yuu all has a <«oncem iu it but myadf. 
But if in helping yoor own interests you advance mine, yon mnst let me 
be grateful all tbo same." 

*' If that's yonr idea, I'm Ruro I have do objection. Quite the reverse. 
But 1 mnst repeat, once Cor all, if we are to bandy compUmcntri, that if 
Miss Childerslcigb's money bad unluckily dropped straight into your 
mouth, there would hare been a nmgiiiticcnt financier spoiled, and all the 
wtvld would have known of Mr. Childerslcigb would have been his happy 
talents for spending. Hero yon are, a City man barely nx mouths old, 
about to fill the chair at a pvat meeting of City men, and not only 
unprimed and uupronipted, but kuowtng, I dare to stay, fur more nf yonr 
flubjcel thin any man who listens to you. The meeting must go off plcn- 
mutly, that's a thing of course, and, upon my word, it's almost a ptty. 
If any ono were to tackle you, how you would drag hitu uflor you out 
of his df ptb, and then get him down nnd droim him in deep nntrr." 

'•I derouUy hope 1 niny never hnve the chance." n^oim''! CTiildcn*- 
l(<igb, laiighioj;, " But rcidly the water's so clear and so shallow that the 
most RhoitMgfatod of the shareholders may see to the bottom." 

"Yes. that's the lic«t of our management. It haa beon so beaniifally' 
Uraightforward il tbrovrs people out, and lUiii^ are su ■ 1 tbej 

pttaxle the knowing ones. VV'e ranlly have t!ic pnrcst ■ i«>De^ 

and Dothing whalever tu eottcoal ; tlu.> mon (bey pump Om Board, the 






mr thor ncnd ibc Hhnres. \'urj fen cnrnpaobs in oar poeilion cau 
%y as much ; and cow I can afford candidly to moko the u<lmtsstoQ tbat 
Tou vttd absolaWljr rifitbt nkea tou insisted on yvar own tray in oU that 
sort of thing." 

" The day may came," the bkIuLu Mr. ncmpngge roflceUd, " vthoa 
bo'Il bt> torcod to be Ichh atrait-laeod ; and then it may ho wcnltb anlold 
to oa to be able to toll the public anTthing wo please, on the uliougtb of 
our reputation lior candour." 

" Tbe policy has auswerml vi>U," Hugh rojoiuod. "The list of 
NUnroholders was n good ooo to begin with, and it bos needed itavlf day 
by day, till now I Tti.Qture to think no kindred eatabHsfamont can »how a 

" Quito trao ; and, as I observe, some very ahy birdu indeed are begin- 
ning to como aflor as — dropping down on the sbarcn, and picking up a 
frw utray imeo utiw and agniti, before going in for n aurfeit." 

"Ho 1 MO. For my part, I wonder they don't got seared away by 
the premiom ? " 

"It makoB thorn fthilly-abally u little, perhaps, hnt it tempts them too. 
Itj 111© way, do yon know who our latest aofliiisition is ? — a %'erj' groat 
friend of yonr own." 

" A friend of mine ; doesn't help mo much towards guessing. 
All my old friends are joining U£ ono aflor another : those of them who 
have anv mouuy luft, at least. Beeides, I've really no time to spare for 
riddlflii on ft busy day like this." 

'' Purkins Childersleigb, thf-n. He actually committed himself to ten 
of onr ibaroB the other day." 

" Nonsense. Hemprigge ; you cant mean that ? Why, Sir Basil would 
cut him off with a shilling, and O8tmci/.o htm from Lombard Street for life 
if he only knew it. He lialeti uh and all our works like poison. I 
never knew him mi^ a cliauco of having a <nx\el fling at ns." 

'* H« never do«9 ; and yet, if Pnrkiss has bought, you may be qnito 
sore his Gither's in the secret. Sir Basil's prejudices are pretty ntrong, 
but not so strong as to stand in the way of his interests, and ho may begin 
to think it will be a question of interest with him ono day or other. Our 
account is not a bad one now. and it will be mnch better worth the hariog 
later. At any rate, it's a fact that Mr. Furkias has done us tbo honour of 
bocoming our ossuciatc, and Tkfr. Purkisa has the credit of knowing as wuU 
OA most men on which side his bi'ead is buttered." 

" It's a good sign, Hemprigge, I grant you, a very good sign, if we 
wanted more encouragement, and in any case it would delight me to mako 
Sir Basil recant. Hut I must be gone to look over the letters. Au revoir 
till one o'clock." 

Ah may be ntppofied, Pnrkiss hoil nrrived at his resolution through 
mQcb mental tribulation. Ho had seen Company after Company founded 
nud.dnat«d to a prominm witbont ever dreaming of embarking in them. 
ImUnct and edncatlon, rather than reason, hod giren him a profound distrust 



of all iiew-fatiglcd schemes, of joint-stock eotorpriso, Itmitod Uobiliiv. 
over-speculative invcstmcJita in general. Wicn the Tarldsh Credit CV 
•puny IssaL'd its prospculus^ uid tlirev optui its duors, he had at 
itiodly contribntcd bis very utmost to ftdvcrtisf it, by pinrting its Govet 
4T(3i7where M a scnpegrtice, proclaiming oud ma^uifying tuM |K)verty, and 
dec^rifig hiB antoeodoDts. For nil that, huwercr, wIk'd it e«n« to 
Basil's ears, hd had bc«D stomlr rebuked, and Sir B&sil, as senior {lartUL'] 
if not as parent, wae not n man to be trifled with. As wo know, Sir Bn 
altliough he SDcerod at the Company himiiclf, held the family Dame id too' 
deep reverence to eodure to eeo it needlessly splashed, even tboof^ be 
waH apprehenaivo that Hugh zoight be draggio^ it through Ihe mlr 
1]ii;^li bad aggravated his former offunccs rather than oondoiicd tbftn 
this pf^rvcrse way of socking bis living, yet, as he had tosdc Dp his mti 
to adopt it, for every reason the bauker desired ho should have (air phty.! 

Bo PnrkiBfl, forced to close his moiilh. had opooed hit) oyes and 
hopiug against hie couvietions — for he was cuustnuued to ovn the Roan) 
a good one- — that the Bclieme might be stilled is its hirth, and auxiou8 
watching for any evil signs thai might reassure him. On the contraiy, i 
daw it thrive and go on thriTiug, and flourisb beyond his most gloon 
imticipiiticais. Tls shares mouoted steadily tu eighty \n-r evnl. of 
premium ; stilt, if tho wenltb that was rolliiig in hud flowed out tnl 
nnknown reservoirs, Purkiss could' have nm^ed hims<^lf and bonio ii 
Bat be reaU»>d its full success in watchinff the growing prosperity of 
m»Q hp envied and dieUkcd, imd his moments of t'ltremest depreneir 
Wure Lamited by tho radiant phantom of lluf^h, douM;? enriched by 
dip iu the City Poctolus, and by the gulden flood of Uias ChtldeTBleigbl 
boarded wealth. 

He was troubled vrith tho fceliug that be should never rid himself 
bis raoKtrse, were the Compauy to turn out a triumph, were he to 
the chance of lightening the blow of seeinj; Hugh n niiitionnire by hai 
insisted upon ahiu-ing iu his wiimings and drawing something handsc 
for himHelf from the same source, lie was full late as he was, that 
ibd worst <if it. The original Kharebolders wore swinging fairly away 
the frou tide of their prosperity, and buying so much later, he shoitld 
best be iJoundcring in their backwater. Bat better late than never, nu^ 
before all it was essential to obtain bis father's assent aa s preliminary 
Ibis disposal of bis ecouomieti. Aceordicf^y, be took adx-antngo of i> 
Inuity when left Ulr-o-trlr with tho old gentleman nftfr dinner, 
had whe«lcd his chair round towards the blaze, and dnwo the deeanter 
port over to his elbow. 

*' Nothing new to-day, Pnrldss, I think ? " 

" Nothing I know of. nir. The shares of that precious Comj 
Hugh's are up another pound I see, hut then they're always 
wone luck. It's the firet half year, and already they talk of a ten peret 
dividend — a bonas." 

*' A ten per cent dividend and & bonus I I lelJ yon wbnk it 



Pnrkiu, it's p«rfcctlv disgmecral the ocpnndpled competition tlio old 
buuflct! haw to fitrn^Io witli in tLiico lerriUa times." 

" It's u •booUog stnti} of tLihgn, nir, tbcro'a no ilonbt nf it." 

" But it innst eml iu a blow-up sooner or later, tboro con ho uu 
tlonbt of tliBt, &D<I. for my part, I s.17 the sooaor it comcB Ibc Letter. 
Wliut rii^bt hftvo Uiev to ffi sbakiog eoofidence and laying luiaoa to be 
sprong opoD as?" 

** Uonvcn iictid ibira a Btnaiih, and a speedy odd," devoutly renpondcd 
PurkiHs 10 a gcnaiDo bunt of fuoUag. Then, rccoUoeting what wili his 
uDti for Uio momoot, ho cliecked hiuaelf and resumed: 

" Yes. then can bo no douU the nick miust ^'o, but I maai fiay ii 
IiX)k0 to me very macb Uido^jJ oh if a fvw uf thu pick uf tliijui may 

"XooBcnw), Poxkiss," retorted bis father. peoTiBhly; "I'm aa older 
man than 70a, and Vvo seen a Rood deal of this u>ri of thiof; before. 
Only ff'ivt. theln rupe cnua)*U, iiud tbu fiHtlu wbu gnida them arc suru to htaxn 
thoniselvc'8 in time, luko my word for it." 

•• To be sure, iii-, no 000 onpht to know better thivn yon. There '« no 
iKmndcr bead Iban yoare in tbo City, I am glad to think, or Childcrsleigb 
woald not liavo bwn what you have mode it. But ft^rgive mo if I rau't 
i]uitu agree with you hero. Of eourso in the very first panic most of 
Ibttse Daw booses mnnt go down by the ran, bnt tbejc-'s no denying that 
tfonfooflded Credit Foncicr and Mobilier of Ttkrkcy looks very like 
ig. Kifibborougb himself was saying bo yesterdny. I ilo b^lievo 

I fcUow Ilogh ban some of your own bugim'fts lalent, sir, eonfbund 

"I sbooldn'l wonder. I munt vay it looks ruthcr like it," asseuliMl 
Sir Basil, eom|Jaccntly. 

" I fear it does look like it. At aD crrnts, If hitt Cumpany fihnolU go 
on as it btirt begnn, tho thno inight eoino when be -frould he able to do ua. 
a good turn." 

Sir Ba^ stared at bis son, shocked and eloclrified by the profane 

•* t.'bilderBk'igb'H linJpcd by an infernal Turkish honso of yesterday' — n 
buU:<o ran op in tiio liixt few weeks — dirrrted by a dissipated bur ! ' 

*- They ta@ slrai^c times, as yoo said jost now, and npau aiy word — 
for vm miuA look to Cluldcnlei^'a bofora orarything cbc — o|»ti my word. 
1 uiitflt re[>oat agntn, it, wonld scarcely soipiisn me." 

Tho upshot ot' a long eonversntion, which nttorly spoiled thu llavour of 
Sir Basil's |>ort, was bis dodinint^ to compromiso huiutulf by anything more 
duflnita than a genera) prediction of an evil end to tho Crrtdit I-\>neier 
of Turkey in pnrtii^uiar, kindred (^Htablishmmls in general, and the country* 
thai (oHt«rod and piritud thom. At the sane time, bis ran and junior 
partner was given to nnderttand that ha bod earl* Uanrke to exereistt his 
own discretion an to any littlo iuvetiLment;; ho might contemplate, and that 
he might pby his own cards af< he p\en.»:ii. %i, ol^t nxuC) \D\)eLT\!Ci^ 




qimlms, Fnrluss coDclndctI, u the Americans say, lo cat humble pi 
and tremblinglr approacLod his Sngen to the flames of spcculutioa. 

Sir Bnfiil would liare tif>cn tilill f;rcut«r cau^u to deplore the growini; 
CDtTUption of the iif^e, had ho n-isietcd at tlio ^eiioml mcctiDg of the 
oly'pctioDttblo Company, presided over by his kinBm«n. The grant hnll in 
the palace in Lotbbory, deng&ed with a special vie^ to fratheriuga of the 
8ort, iras crowded with rank, weuUh, and respectability, ^11 harrying 
emtiloDaly aloug tho road to furtiuiu. Ou a raised dnis at uuu cud. aloft 
in Hwful state, Knt the (jovemor. relatively nearly as mnoh of n Btripliag 
as PhUip's godlike son, upparcntly like him iu » tcit fiiir way soon to 
iii<(h for a new conunorcial vrorM to conquer, llis crimson chair wai 
(■luvattil above those of his osdiLe yiovrt. : Lhul in nhieh lolled the Dopntj- 
OoTCmor, Lord Boshbrook, being n compromise betweea the digai^i 
the one and the other. At a comer of the long tabic, which fouced 
off &om their assembled conBlitueots, sat the Managing Director, 
hta keen black eyes round tho faces in the hall, and passing a cutoroot of 
papera and memoranda llirouf^li his lissome finf*ern. 

There wag HoosBein PanhH, the pnrplo (e/. and the golden lagsel 
Ralph Palliscr with his di^ificd grey head and hif^b - set, some 
fiuperciliouR featoreg ; bchwnrtzechild'a thick-bridged swarthy dom, 
Muvromichalis' delicately -cut olive one ; there was RoirKangcr with hi* 
bn)wn livard and blue eycR, and Bttdgur with bis stubby grizzled bristles^ 
Dolacour with his ligp and siniper and lavender gloros ; McAlpine 
tho brond Kcotcb burr ho brought to nil foreign tongoea, whether Rnglij 
OT Uindnstani ; and Inst, but vciy far from least, the English continp 
fhnn the City, who, looking for the moet part eteady-going warm men of 
husiiMSS, gave great cOQ&deoue lo the meeting, bat eligbt hold to the bnuk 
of the portrait-painter. 

Amid eothusiastic chccriog, Mr. Childersleigb got oo his lega 
Address himself to a Kua of beaming fuceK. *' He Ktood there." bo bcf! 
" after a aix mouths' probation, for himself and those bo had tho pic 
la art with and the hononr to prRsido among, to render an aeronnt 
tbcir stewardship. From tho cordial, be might almost aay the ofibctionale 
Mception that greeted him, he hoped be might asnnme it bo bo the sentinie&t 
of the mectiug, thai the important intereeta confided to his (ralloagnea and 
kimaelf. hail not BofTerod in their bands." (Renewod and proloDged 
«herriDg.) ** If he knew aoytblDg of bim»elf, ho was not an 0TVr>8«iigiiiu 
man — as a simple 'inetslion of business be felt it would be grosn imprac 
to eicite faopca that might pottaibly prove fallucious ; but thia he wot 
nj, and no lewi coald ho sny in common candour, that the more the 
looked back on tbi>ir piiat, Ibv more pmmisc wonld tbpy gather for the 
future. The field before tbom vtm a loundlt>s8 oup, they had tafci 
(ho first fftcp that wax provvrbiiUly so difficult, and he must Mr 
appeared to him, from the strides with which Ihcy wore morin^; oawi 
ihal, wit! -it, they had drawn on a pair of «cTeo-Iee 

Itwota," cT.) 



" lie could not rentare to ask them to look at this board, but lio would 
rettonuDcnd than to CAst Uicir eyes ronnd that meeUng. Was not their 
broLherbood odo to which tmy maa mi|;bt bo pruud of bt'loD^Iu^ ? I'or the 
eretht tbnt van tbc bruth of their nostila, Ifao essential principle of their 
life, how did that utiiud with the world ? But six short mooths had pawed 
nnce they had Uauched their infant company, and now each 10/, embarked 
in it woa folehiug IR/. In open market. Bufuro their Tueel bad well 
rleared the port, their rt*iitum had l>egiin to return th^m pmBta, and 
already their utBcers bud Uio iugilimnto eutJuructiLm of auuoaucing an 
interim dividend of ten per cent. The dividend might have been m 
higher one, but the dii'ectors had determined to take ' caution ' for their 
watcbword. To one thing ho would pledge himself, tlmt every idiiUing of 
that dividend bad been bouestlj and diMircvtly earutHl." (Tremondong 
applauM.) "He osed the word 'discreetly' advisedly, because, as be 
tnitited and believed, the directors had steered the happy mean between 
tho timid and the raab ; while giving a wide berth to anything like reckless 
speculatign. they had mode it their study to avoid the shoals of excessive 
raulion, Du which m> many wcll-meauing bnl Hlun-guitig, nld-fushionod 
cslubUabmente lay Btmnded. Fortunately tho sea they euilod vats one 
where prudence itaelf need not content itself with trifling profits, and all 
the time they had the graliBcaiion of knowing their mifittion was as much 
phDanthropical as practical." (Much enthusiasm.) " Above all let the 
Bhoreholderti never forgot tliiA, tlmt Uiere wan notliing their directors 
courted mure than publicity. A certain discretion mmst bu euucc-ded 
them indeed, and in juntice to the feelings of tboir entitomers they coidd 
not invariably coudtwreud on names. But with that reservation, what lie 
said to them nns this, and he knew in saying it he spoke the sentiment 
of his colleagues : ' Treat us vnOi the same fronkDeea wc show towards 
you, and come and tell us candidly wbeu you think wo are going 
wrong.' " (Great cheering and •' Wo will.") 

Then Mr. Cbildtrsli-igh, having fiivoiired his uudiencc with a few figures, 
and acknowledged iu the handsomest Icnns tbc individual services of some 
of bis coUuagacs wham he singled out for mention, excused himself for 
encroaching any longer on Uie valuable time of tho meeting, and resumed 
his scot amid a ruguhir ovatluu. 

Bomo formal qoestions wore osIukI, and the adoption of tbo report was 
moved and seconded amidst irrepressible enthusiasm. The Rev. Dr. Silkc 
Beyuardson hod been pitched on as a reprosentaUvc shareholder, as at once 
holding a luge stake in the Company and being entirely uncouuuoted with 
taiide, to move the vole of thanks to the (toveruor, the Deputy -ttovernor, 
and the Board. Itt the course of a lung life, tbc itcv. Doctor bad amasHed 
a bandsomu independence, chiefly as a popular preacher, and if the Credit 
I'oncier and MobiUcr of Turkey only yieldeU lum as rich returns as tho 
pothoe and {ervonr of his sacred eloquence had done, he would have no 
reaaon to comjilain. His was the rare gift of drawing congregations and 
tears; of elirring Eecltngs to their profoiindeot depths, VUlVVus WvcWvE^nik 




roond tliL-ir Ucc-bitrilcrBtl ]ii)cket -handkerchief nil loo WHDty. and waw 
tbem a honio-borno porabls of the unsnliufviag (JiarHctcr of lb« viuuUctof 
ibis wicked world. 

Mow as it hoDK on liis hoDeved lipa, or was burned along by 
fcrrid action, bio uutrnaocd Gily nnditfnoc* to most of vbom secoadtf v 
-{irecions, coasud tu dm<; at tbotr walcb-diiuiiii ; Uiry even list«ued 
tolerant sTDipntliy 'wlicu he diverged into a purcnthcticid anaJy^U uf 
-|)(!i'i%ODiU feeliofirs and tut expoEitioii of tbe uusclfibb rcueouti trliicb bail 
Iruido n Belfdenying pillar of religion hflZftid the imputatiun at a vrori 
«billianc-Q vritli mainmun. As to melJiods of moupr-gctting, overr 
conscioQce, as he told them, must bo bin indiTidual Ian* ; yet if aaj 
o( Uic-m fonnd little ticuo, nniong manifold ecg&gtmfiutA, to cbeck off, 
lie mi<;kt say. the promptinKo of tbat ioword monitor uf his, why, 
were fortnnnto in baviajt no ]-eU»L>is a guide ns their admimlilc luid «x 
Icut Gm-emor. He could tell tbem — laying bis hand on hia heart — i 
lie believed Mr. Cbildeisleigh & man as conscieatioos as ho yriis hououraU 
niid Rs hunotiniblo as lio bad provod hiiQiwlf able. 

Tlio harmonioas proeoodings vcre- drawing to a dose* wbcn 
ItitHhhrook chuncod to rntcb Mr. ffcmpn^c's eye, and thfi appeali 
rxprcBsion in Mr, Hcmprigge's fiurt. At tho prclimJnaiy mci^iiu;; 
alHdiiilit, Mr. Htfmprif^e had, much to hit> lordHbip'ti nnnoyaiiee, made 
grctit point of hia addressing the mnctiuj;, with a viow to the adomiog 
[Hhe report designetl for general ciroalattoo. His lordahip had at fint 
llAU(*fainf;ly, Ihco impAticntly, parried the eotreatiea tbat addressed the: 
f'«t-lves allcrnMely to his public spirit and priTate inlfrifltii. ITo 
liHtirned to the Doctnr's gloniD}{ pmiscs of hi« cousin with a IwiDkIc 
-^18 r^'es Ihfil Homewhut dtBcflnoortt-d iha olo(|iio&t divine, whofo I 
natumllr songht tho faeo of the mau of highest nuik on the plntfo 
,'Kow a happy thought seemed to etrtko him, and, rifling to his feet wi 
infinite promptitade, he crnTcd^ with gr«at prcsenco of mind, lUid in 
-DADiD of the nnimpeaohnble eredil of the Company, the indulgence of 
merling. He would detain them, be pli^dged hiniRelf, hut a minate or t 
«'bile he entreated them to discharge a debt of common jiMioe. Chumici 
liT thn utilooked-for prifiloi^o of heariog Iuk lordhhip, a rcRpcttfuI bus 
dominAtt.<d tho meeting. When bo tme to speak it had b<M?n on the poi 
of breaking up, with the nomy dcmonslralions of a parct-I'of vufmucht 

The IVpntr-GoTemor then proreedrrl \o my, in cakt and nnMabai 
[Tftast'd lun^ugp, that he felt b? shimld impfrfcctly di«ehargp the duti 
'the flbftreholders had hnconrcd him by pnlruFting to him, if be heik 
Icfore their diipcrrion to remind tbem of a somotbiug that noemed 1« 
^tit hii\e W(-D racBtmiaet'ouatiiblv forgotten. For hiiii-flf. he was 
ti(tv an bnneRt, if inodrt|nato, trilmti^ to nnp — he did not witili tornn 
to invidioos duttinetiotn, or rvwrt to those compariiioiis that are proToridall 
^odloiLt — to one of the most actire and intelligent m«iubet« of their 
lit//. Then, with au air of Qtiar oiuoiueioimccM, and a 



miuiicn', nhich soma might suspect but fow could bnvo Bwoni to, \w 
iijodelled a fen'ent talogy on iha Muuglng Director, npon the Uev. 
i>r. BeynardKon's otuqueul pnuflCB of the OoverDor. 

••It may h&ye been my fnrtane," Bnid bis lordship, •' to hnre rmjoyed 
taoro fn>quoDt oppnrtmiiUos than pcrfaapB any geuUemnn protieat uf 
Apjirociatiug Mr. IIcmpri^<^ in his privutd deoKngs, and it is my pride 
t4 h<^aT testiramiy to Uto ausiiut^ iiil«n>!it he haB taken himsuU aatl 
KTiccocded in i-xnctiiig or oihera in aoy traasncUonB vrhe-TC I have had !■■ 
do with hini. But yon hnvo all had opportamtitja of spciug him ait the 
lann of buitiuoHs. I vrould rather Hpt-ak of him fiimply as the man. 
Mr. Hemprippe, Bcnllcracn, is eminently fitted to take a prrnninont part 
in n. miration likn nnra, wHcfd, an my nlaqncnt reliitiva in the «luiir bos so 
veil obsiJtTi'd, philanthropy and commerce trart;! hand in hand." (A 
Kmothercd aiiaUiema from the smiling Oovcmor, Ktiflcd in the preraiUiig 
applttDSo.) " For Mr, Uemprigg«, while eminently practical, and gifted 
with hunness talents of a vory rare ordi>r. hoH, during his brief and 
iinobtmsiTe carrcr, done as much towards relieving the DCCDssities (ft bia 
fidlows aa any man I am acijuninted with. Itnt thts, you nil) say, is 
bctiidv Ihu i)ueHtion ; and 1 own my feelings may for the moment baT« 
nut the upper hand." {•• They do you hononr, my lord ! " from a bene- 
Vdli-nt and ozciled'boking old gentleman in the front soata.) " In mo-ring. 
then, the Tote of thanks nhicfa, in my opinion, Mr. TTuntprigge has bo 
Ufil merited nf nn, 1 will merely rontent myaelf with adding that, in the 
luilikc'ly erent of the temporary absence of oar nssiduons Qnvcmor, Bonai- 
tire «harofa»ldcrB, in H^mrch of moral eoosBels and example, may be 
H55m-od nf finding a guide, a philosopher, and a tri«nd in onr managing 
ilircctor. Mr. Uemprigge. geutlc-men, ia a man at least as ghrewd as ht 
is liODMl, and to the full as honrist ns be is unselfish." 

Three geutlum«n at least had aat on thomti throughout hi.4 lordHbip^ 
RpcPE'h, and those were the Qoremor. Dr. Silke Beynardson, and Mr. 
Homprigge. The first hcunl it iu n cold perspiration, bitterly rcpcuting 
the hoar vben ho had rn-'ruitod this ruaklesa guerilla for high comtuoad, 
iu ulijuct alartn oa to what he might my neil, and wondering how soon the 
andienee might find him out and ehout him down. When Lord Rusbbrook 
ai lut roBomcd his Rent, Tlngh gave Tent to a deep pigh of relief, and 
vrntuTLDg to steal a look around, could hardly beUeve tha assiuaueo of 
eyoH and ears that the apeech had been far from the leaet BUceeMfnl of 
the meeting. 

" May wo he delivered from all temptatioD," he muttered, piously. " If 
ahnreholders stand that, they'll etnnd anything." 

Aa fiir Hcmprigge, when ho had Gmt caught the import of Ha lord- 
eliip'fl oratory, hiii fiice hut bceomc radiant, and ho had sot himself to 
conning over a htlle upeech of his own, prepared beforebotid, against 
the happy event of iln l^eing wanted. Aa Lord Ilushhraok proceeded, 
hta victim's mind 8uttle<1 into a condition compared tn which that of 
Childoraletgh wns sercnitv jtwlf, Uis bcU-cquUuV v«& cOMAvV«wW\.fti\stt!i. 



with all the resolnUoD be could snnuaoQ to his aid he could 
his inward ouECrr fliuging oul itn tiliadow od his faeo. 

ForUiimtety the iuUiIhVeDt witoosst'S of hh innrtyrdoni set tiis paags 
down to the nerroiiB iremont of a man uaLabitaatcd to fi|{ariiig oa pahlifi 
plalforms before nadicnces so impoamg aad diBtingnished. ^Y)lea 
Htammered out in brokoD scatf-nreo bis profound sense of the honour d 
him by one who, he was proud la hoar, had diguified blm with the xu 
of friend, they wore only eonfirmed in that beUof, &nd good-nnl 
eocoaraged the timid dt-butaHt xntb their noalng cheers. So c 
HemprigKO retreated apparently with all the honours of wnr, and 
close of the metting was lu the fnll as pleosant as it« bflgianing had beeU- 

" Woll, Ungh, what did you thiob of my maidoo eObrt (rom a&y 
platform?" asked Lord Itashbrook, as he ancercmoiuously uoterod Uw 
Govemor's private room after the mcctbg. 

*' I'd just as soon not tell you, lUBfabrook. I dou't often lose nj 
temper, and or I've kept it so lonR, I'll try and keep it siiil." 

*' Mia c»lp<j, wen culpa. Upon my sonl. Hugh, all joke apart, 
cnmc on purpose to tell you that I knew I had behaved abominnbly, 
then Uiink of the temptation. A full quarter of an hour uf Ihul 
tnonious old humbug, and the chance of paying off Hcmpriggo, who 
there robtnl in his virtue, as it butler wouldn't mell In hui moutli. 1 
I'll never do it again, that 1 swt^or solemnly, and besides you mi 
remeubcr I was fueling Ihoir pulsea all the time, ready to pull up 
very moment I saw a gluumcr of appreciation appear in any of 
fiues. All's wvU that ends well, and sorely fre« confession and h 
repentance deserve plenarj' absolution. A tout pirhe mtMrricorda, 
dally for a first offence and on so joyAil an occasion as this." 

' " Well, well, Rutihhrook, luckily you seem to liave done no harm, 
&r onee let bygonee bo bygones, — the more bo, that I fur ono pic 
up a good deal Irom rour speech. It gave mo the exact measnro of the 
diacretiun of our I>cpaly-Goveriior and the intelligeucfl of tho ehorv- 
holdcrs of the Credit Foocier and Mohilicr of Turkey." 






I'TliitUAKY, 1870. 

|liit JJoursclf ill Sis p(,Kf. 



N that pari of London called 
"the City" &» shady little 
streots, that louk liko pleatumt ■ 
retronts from tha busy, noisy 
world ; yet arc strongholds of 

One of these contained, and 
-pRrhapfl fitill contains, a pnblic 
oHico fall of uerots, eomo 
droll, eome «ftd. some torriblo. 
Tho bnildin;; had a nnirow, 
iiisignlfiRaut fruiil, but was of 
grvnt depth, and its sonth 
side lighted by largo hay 
TdndoiTS all stoiM and plate- 
kIass ; and those vera open 
Li) tht) Hiui and air, thanks 
to a Hingnlar uetghhour ; hero, 
in the heart of the City, waa 
wedged a little matic church, 
with itfl churchyard, whose bright green gnus firal atartled, then soothed 
and reCreehod tho eye, in thnt wilderness of Btone ; an emerald stt in 
granite: tho griuin flowe-d up tu lhL> itouth wriH nf the '* office;" thoao 
laassiTe stone vindows hvaifi over tha gravee ; the plnmcHl clcrka coatd 
not look ont of window and doubt thai all men are mortal : and the 
article thn ofKeo lold was Immortality. 
It was the Oosahawk Life Inanraoce. 

VOL. XIX.— XO. 13a. 1. 



On a oertaiD aflcniooti anterior lo the Hillsboroa^ seeoos 
prcuDted, the plumed clerks vr«ra all at the Boutb Tindon, lookfaig 
a foQCral iu tbu little oburoliyard, and passtn^ Bomu ciinoua remu-ks; tot 
know that the deceased was iosurod in the Goashawk for nmo hun^ 
potmdH, and had paid bat one preminm. 

The facts, as far as knovu, were these. Mr. Richard Martin. 
Londoner bj birth, bat residing in Wales, vent np lo London lo risit 
brother. Ton-ardfi the end of the riiiit the two Martins went np tbo rintc 
in A boat, with throe more friends, and dined at Rtclunond. They roved 
back in the cool of tbe evening : at alarting tboy wore merely joTial ; but 
thej Blopped at nearly all the pnblic-houscs by the water-side, and, by 
vieible gradations, became jdWy — nproarioos — sang songs— canghi crab*. 
At Vauxhall they got a friendly warning, and langhed at it : onder 
Bonthwark bridge tboy ran against an abutment, and were npset in a 
momi'Ut : it was uuw diiak, aud, according to their own account, thoy all 
lost sight of each other in the n-ater. One swam ashore in Middlesex, 
another in Borrey. a third got to the chains of a barge and was taken np 
mnch exhausted, and Robert Martin laid hold of tbe battreas itself, and 
cried loudly for asaiittanoe. They oaked anxiously after each otliur, bat 
their anxiety ap|)oared to aubsido iu nn hour or two, when they fonnd 
there was nobody migaing but lUcbard Martin. Robert told the police 
it was all ri^t, Dick could strim like a cork. However, next momii 
ho came with a sorrowful bee to say his brother had not reappeared, tmi 
begged tbem to drag the river. This was duuo, and a body found, which" 
the surrirors and Mrs. Richard Martin diKowuod. 

Tbu insurance office was informed, and looked into the matt«r ; and 
Mrs. Martin told their agent, wiUi a 6ood of tear«, she believed her 
husband bad taken that opportnnity to desert her, and was not drowned 
at all. Of course this went to tbe office direoUy. 

But a fortnight aflerwanlit a body waa found in the water, down at 
Woolwich, caitangled in some rushes by the watcr-sido* 

Notice was given to all the i^arriTors. 

Tbo friends of Robert Martia came, and said the clothes rMAublc 
thoeo worn by liir.bnrd Martin ; but biryond that tboycoold not bopositiTf 

But, wlu-u tbe wifu came, fibe rMOguized Iho body at once. 

The brother agrwd with bor; bat, on accoont of the bloriad and 
diMoloored condition of the face, asked to have tbe teeth examiii> ' 
poor brother, ho said, bad a front tooth broken short in tn. 
iirokuQ tooth was soon found ; also a pencil- case, and a key, in 
pocket of the deceased ; these completed Uie ideutifiration. 

Cp to this moment the oomluct of Kichard Martin's rvIativeB au4 
^■fncndit liad b*'un eingnlarly apathetic ; but Dow all waa changed : tbi 
' broke into loud lameutAlions, and he beoamo the best of basbandit, bus 
of ntea : bis ligbtoet words were sacred. It^ilwrt Miuiin now renienibeni^ 
that " poor Dick " bad stood and looked into that littlti church r- - ' 
anid, " If yoa outlive me. Bob, bury mu in thia ipot ; Ulhcr In 



art Martin went to the clitu-cli warden for Iooto lo do this last sad 
The chiirchvarden refimed, veiy properly, bnt the brother's 
entreaties, tbo widow's tears, the tragedy itaelf, and other inflaeace*, 
ejitorlwl at laet a reluctant oonsftnt, coapltnl with certain sanaloTy con- 

Xbo funeral was conducted unobtrasirely, and the grave dug oat of 
sight of the Goashawk. Bat of course it could not long escapo obeorra- 
tioQ ; that is to aay, U vaa Men bj the clerlis ; bat the directors and 
manager were all Boated ronad a great table npatairs absorbed in a vital 
^QwtioD, Tiz. whether or not the Goeshawk shottld imitate some otber 
companies, and inBore against fire as well as death. It was the third and 
last diacuBsion ; tbe minority aguiiuit this new operation woa small, but 
obRlinata and warm, and the majority so absorbed in bringing them to 
roasoQ, that nobody went to the vvindow until the vote had piistfed and 
tbe Goeshawk was n life and Kire Instirnncc. Then 9omc of the gcutle- 
mcn rose and stretched their legs, and detected the lugubrious enormity. 
" Uallo I " cried Ur. Caideu, and rang a bell. Edwards, an old clork, 
appeared, and, in reply to Kfr. Carden, told him it was one of their iDsaea 
being buried, — RicbanI Slarlin. 

Mr. Garden said this was an innilb to the office, and sent Edwards oat 
to mnoiistrAte. 

Edwards soon reappeared with Robert Martin, who represented, with 
the ntmost bumiliLy, that it vae the wish of tbe deceased, and thuy had 
buried him, as ordered, id three feet of charcoal. 

" "What, is tbe ceremony performed ? " 

*' Yos, sir, all but filling in the grave. Come and see the charcoal." 

" Hang tbe charcoid I " 

"Well," said a humane but eomowhat pompous direutori "if the 
ceremony has gone so far — ^but, Mr. Martin, this most uever recur, 
charcoal, or no charcoal." 

Mr. Martin promised it never should : and was soon after observed 
in the dinrcbvard iitgiug uxpedttum. 

The sad Lv^mpauy. speedily dispersedi and left nothing to offend nor 
dJagUBt the Life and Fire Iusunm«i> except a new grave, atid a debt of 
nine hundred pounds to the heira or assigns of Richard Martin. 

Not ven,- far from this churchyard was a public-houito; and, in that 
public-honse, a emiJl pnrlonr upstairK, and in Uiat parlour a man, who 
watehcd the funeral riUrn with great interest, bat nut in a becoming spirit ; 
for his eyes twinkled with the intensest menimoot all the time, and at 
eooh fresh etoge of the mournful bDaineM be burst into peals oi latigbter. 
Kevcrvaa any man so thoroughly amoaed in the City before, at all oventB 
in bosiDess hours. 

Richard ^fartin's eiecntor waited a dcecut time, and then presented 
his elaim to the Oosshnwk, His brother proved a bun on it for 300/., 
and the revt went by will lo Iuk wife. The Gosshawk i^dlAiftuvauEr}, 
after the delay accorded by Jaw. 


rrr TotmsELP ik hib place. 


Hkssrs. Bolt attd Little pat their hcttda togolbcr, and plnj'cd a jtrad 
guao. Ihoy kept tbo works going for a moDth, witlioot doing uij 
norel, except what trndcti to Uic ]iea]tb aiid comfort o( their nTn-knimi. 

But, meantime, tiiey cleared oat Iti-o adjacent rooms : ono waa 
tho studio, tbo otiier the experiment room. 

In due course ihey hired a coupl« of Binglc men from BirmiDgbosa to_ 
TTorlc tho macbino tinder lock and koj. 

LitUa, wiU) bis ovn faiinde, ofiicvted an aperture in the pnrly-wall, 
tbos conTejed long savs frnm his studio to the machine, and receii 
them bnek f^ouud. 

The men were lodged thrw miles off, were alwaj-B kept at work 
an hour latur thaii the others, and rccoivud six puiuids p«r wt-uk npicc«, i 
pain of ingtant ditmu^snl should tb(?y breathe n firlliihlc. Tfaoy did 
work of tweDt}'-f(>ur men ; so, even at that high rtitu of wages, Iho pT 
was enrprising. It artaallj went bcrond the inrentor's cakulution. and 
be saw biinseU*, at last, on Ibe road to rapid fortune, and, above all, k^ 
Oroco Carden. ^| 

Tills Rticcees exoit«d Bolt's onpidity, and be refased to coutraet tH^ 
npcratioa any longer. 

Then the parloerH had a qnarrol, and nearly dissolved. Hovrerer, 
It eudL-d in Little dittmiiuiu); bis Ilirmiughaui bauds, and locking np Ida 
*■ Experiment Room," and in Bolt openly doroting another room to th« 
machines : two long, two circular. 

Thene machines coined monej-, and Bolt cbnckled and landed ai 
parluor's apprpbenaions, for the enlace of twenty-one daja. 

On the twenty -second dar, the Saw-gnndors' Union, which hoA 
BtopcGod at fii-Bt, but had now realized tbo Bitnntton, sent Memn. 
and l^ttio a letter, ciril and even humblo : it spoke of tbo new inronti^ 
as otie that, if ndopled, would destroy their handicraft, and atarrn 
cnftttmcD und their families ; and oxprossod an camost bopo iliat a firm, 
which bad shown so mnch re.gard for Ibu health and comfort of the wor 
men, would not pertist in a fatal courvo. on which tbvy bod 4mt«r 
inoorcntly and for wont of practical ndrico. 

*l*bo pbTlaarB read this note differently. Bolt saw timtdJtj in 
liitUo MW a coDnetloD, and a ijuiot resolution, that foreboded a 

No reply was sent, and the macbioee went od eoinlcg. 

Then came a warning to Little, not riolcnt, but ebort, and 
grim. Little tnok it lo Bolt and be treated it with eontexapL 

Two dayH itflcrwitrdB the wboel-twnds vanisbed, and tbp uhnoxic 
macblues vtood still. 

LiUla was for going lo Orolait, to try and come to terms. 
der4in*d. He boogbt new bands, and next day the macbioea went 



ThU pertinacilj boob elicited n ctirioua epistle ; 

*' MKwnts. Bolt ako Lim.K, — Wh«n the blood is in ui impiiro fttatc, 

imAtoni3 ontl treacle is uppHed as a mild pnrgative ; onr taking the 

ids voa tbe mild remedv ; but, Bhould the seat of diaenso not be 

rencliod, iro sboll \eike awuv tho treiulti, and add to tlie brinistooe a 

uocees&i^ qaontity of snltpctiu ood cLardout. 

" Tantia Topee." 

On receipt of this, Little, who bad tastod the lafit'tneutioued drogH, 

lowad fiueb nadisgimed anxiety, that Holt sent for Kansome. Ho 

me dircctlj, and was elosotcd vdih tbe firm. Bolt himdcd him the 

letters,, lold him the irase, and bvggud luavo to pat bim a questioo. "Is 

tba police worth auYtLL]i<;, or nothiog, io this bore touro '? " 

" It IB u'orlb Bouictliitig, I hope, gculteiiuni." 

*' Uow much, I wonder ? 01 all the bands that have boon stolen, and 
nJl the people that hare been blown up, and scorched, and vhriolcd, and 
shot at, and shot, by Uuiou meu, did erer yuu and your bobbiee nail a 
siuf^o malefactor ? " 

Now ;Mr. Uiuisome was a very tall man, with a handsome dignified 
Head, a long black beard, and pleasant, dignified mamiers. Vihon short* 
LjBOond, Ttil^ir Mr. Bolt addressed him thus, it really was like a terrier 
^^VDapiuug at a Niinrfonodliuid dng. Little felt osbnincd, and said Mr. 
Ibmaomo Lad b«6ii only a few mouths in oflica in the plaeo. " Tbaok 
yuu, Mr. Little," said tbe chief coDstablo. "Mr. Boll, I'll ask you a 
iavonr. Meet me at a certain place this eveoiiig, and let me reply to 
your qaestion tboa and there." 

Tbift sbgular propoeal excited some cnriosity, and tbe parlnera accepted 

a rundezToua. Kaosomo came to the minnte, and took the partners into 

the most squalid part of this foul city. At the comer of u narrow street 

bti stopped and gave a low whistle. A policeman in pbiu clothes came 

' to him directly. 

*• Tliey are both in the ' Spotted I>og,' sir, with half a dozen more." 
•' Follow me, and guard the door. Will you come, too, gentlemen ? " 
^^a The "Spotted Dog" was a low pobUc. n-itli one Utf^e room and a 
^^pctdttd fiuor. Mr. lUoaome walked in and loft thu door upon, so that bis 
three eompautouH heard and saw all that passed. 
" Holland and Cbeetham, you are want«d." 
"What for?' 

' ■ Wiidc's Afi'iur. He has oouio to himself, and given ui* your namos." 
Ou thin tbe two men started up aud weru makiug fur the dour. 
Baniioroo whipped before it. " That won't do. " 

TbcD there was a. loud clatter of nsing feet, oaths, threats, and oren 
1 knifb or two drawn ; and, in the midst of it all, tho omiuoua click of a 
pialol, and th«a dead fiilenee ; for it van Itansooio who had produced that 
wenpoo. ''Come, no nonoease," said be. "Door's guarded, strtiot'i 
gtuudud, and I'm not to b« tiifled vitb." 



cm to lue 


«*^ of my^ 


He then hacked his pistol to the officer outside «ith an ordar, 
BtoppiDg h&ck suddenly, collared Massni. UoUiiDd aud CheeHuun with oa£ 
, movcmoot, and, wiUi a powerful riisli, carried lliuui out uf the boas« 
''his clatch&s. Mcoctimo tbo policemoD had whiatlcd, thoro vas a oooA' 
of bobbien, aiid tho culprits vera liandcaffed and uorehed off to iht 
Iowa UiOi. 

"Fire Tears' penal eervitade for that litUo lot," said 
*' And now, Mr. Bolt, 1 have a&swered your qaestioa to the best of my 

" Yua havo nnswdred it Ulto a uian. Will you do as much for ds 
" I'll do my boBl. I^t me exiunine tho place, now that oooe of 
tre about. " 

Bolt and Ransome w«Dt tof^ther, bat little wdut borne ; be bad as 
anxiety even more pressing, his moLhar'a declining health. She had 
taken to pining and fretting, over since Doctor Amboyne faron^fat the bad 
news from Caimhope ; and now, inutcad of soothing and conuuling ber mui, 
iha needed those kind offices from bim ; and, I am bappy to say, she 
received them. He never ijpent an evening away from her. UuforlouaUlT 
ho did not sucoeed in keeping np her spirits, and the light of her lowefi 
his u«Ti. 

At this period tircife Garden was unmixed comfort io htm; 
uicoaraged him to encroach » UlUe, and Tiuit ber tvrice u vrnek instMd 
ouee, and she coaxed him to confide all his troubles to bor. He did eo ; 
he concealed from his mother that ho was at war wttb the trade again, 
but he told (jraco ovcrjibing, nud her tender sympathy was the babn of 
his life. 8he used to pnt on cheeifiilQess for his sake, otcd whan die 
felt it least 

Onu day, however, he fouiidher less bright than usual, and she she 
bim an advertisomout — BoUinghope luiuee and park for sale ; aod 
was not old enough nor wise enough to diaguiiio from him that this 
her. Some expressions of regret and pity fell from her ; that annoyed 
Henry, and be snid, " What is that to na ? " 

" Notbing to you : but I feel I am the cause. I haTe not mad him 
vail, that's curtain." 

Henry said, rather cavalierly, that Mr. Coveutry was probably 
his house for money, not for love, and (getting angry) that he hoped 
to hear the man's name mentionod again. 

Qraoe Canlen was a liltlH mortified by bis tone, but she gore 
horseir and said sadly, " My idea of love waa to be able to btll y 
every thought of my heart, even when my eonaeioMe reproaches mo 
litUe. But if you prefer to exclude «ob topia— and have no fnar that 

may lead to the exduRiua of oUiurs " 

Tbuy weru on tbo Iwrdt-rs of n tiff; but Henry recovered bimnelf ii 
said firmly, " I hope wo ohitll not have a thought nu»bared one day ; 
just for Ihu proatint, it viU be kinder to spare mo that one tojnc." 
** Very well, deareetr" sud Gra<*, " And, if it had not been fiar 




Aflvortisement— " ihe uuil no mora, and Lho Uiiug puBdd like k duk 
cload botveen tho lovere. )^ 

Bollingfaope bonse and park wero aetaallr sold ihgt very week ; Uicy 
were pordiuod, at more thrui their valno, by u woitltbj mimn&«tiir«r : 
and the proceodii of tbis e&la and Uie lunber saki cleared off all Coventr^-'e 
luortga^ies, and left him with a few handled pounds in caab, and an 
estate vhieU had not a tree on it, but alno bad not n d«bt upon it. * 

Of coarse ho forfeited, by Ibie Etroko, bis position aa a conntry gun* 
tleman ; bat that b« did not cara aboat, since it wu all done with ouo 
tiew, to live eomfortably in Paris, far (irom the intolerable eif^t of bis 
riTol's hAppinefis with the lady he loTcd, 

I]p bought in at the aale a fuw heirlooms and articles of famitnro — 
who doM not cling, at the laet moment, to something of tbis kind ? — and 
ranted a oouple of unfaroisbed rooms in Hillsboroatjb to keep them in. 
He fixed the day of his dopuiure. arrangad his goods, and packed bis 
rlutfaee. Then be |(ut a letter of crodit on Pariu, and went about tbo 
lowD buying nauioroon articles of cutlery. 

fiat tbis last simple act led to strange eonseqaeuces. He was seva 
and fbllawed ; and in the dead of the OTtniog, ns he was cording with hia 
own bands a box containing a fow valuiihlen, & beary step mounted the 
sUir, and then was n rndc knock at tbo door. 

Mr. CoTcntry felt rather uncomfortable, but bfi eiud, " Come in," 

The door was opened, and there stood Sam Colo. 

Coventry reoiived bim ill. Ha looked up firom bis packing and said, 
'* What on eartb do yon want, sir?" 

But it was not Cole's business to be ofiended. " Well, sir," said ha, 
" I've been looking out for yon soma time, and X saw you at our place ; 
jK» I thought I'd come and tell yoa a bit o' news." 

"^\^lst IK tbftl?" 

" It is aboat bim yoa know of, begins with a bet." 

" Cane him ! 1 don't want to hear aboal him. I'm leAAing the 
cotmtry. Well, wbtU is it ? " 

'* He is wrung with the trade again." 

" Wluit is that to me ? — All I — Sit down, Cole, and toll mo." 

Cole let htm know the ease, and aFiiured bim that, sooner or later, if 
throats did nut prevail, the Union would go an; length. 

'* Bhould you be t-mployed ?" 

*■ If it was a dongorouB job, they'd preiar m«." 

lir, Coreutr}- looked at his trunks, and then at Sam Cote. A small 
Tnee whtspured " Fly-" He titided that warning voice, and told Colo ho 
would stay and watch tbis aflair, and Cole was to report to bim whenever 
au>-tLiti^ fresh oocurred. From that boor this gentleubn led thn life of 
iL mulL'i'uulor, di'o&sed Uko a workman, and norer went oat except at 

Messrs- Dolt and Tiittic were rattened again, and noTcr know it t'dL 
■UBiing. This timo it iru not LUa btudst buL cmvuxk v£ut-'Q<fl^A vu.^ 



MT0W8 Ibnt TQuisiMHl. Tbe obnoxioua tnaohuieB came to n stMidatiU, mid 
Bolt famed and cursed. However, At ten o'clock, be ami the foreman 
iroro invited to the Tovm Hall, and tliero they fotiad the mtsaing gear, and 
tbe cnlprit, oue uf tbe Tt'ry workntua empluyt'd at bigb wages dd tbo 
obnoxioQB EQAehines. 

RooEome had bored a imall bolo Id tba ceiUof;, by mca&s of vhJcb 
this room was watched from above ; the man was obserrod, foUowed, and 
Dabbed. Th» pnipertj found on turn woa identified, and the nmgistrKle 
offered tfao prisoutir a juij, which ku declined; tben Lho magbtruta dealt 
with tbo ease ■ommnrily, refnsed to rccogntxe rattetuDg, called the ofieoee 
" pottv larceny," and gave the man six months' prison. 

Nov as Ilanaome, for obvions reasons, cODceoled the means by which 
thin uiou had boeu dctc-cLcd, a conviction ao mysteriotia shook Ibat samae 
of security which roltencrs hod enjoyed for many years; and the tmdes 
begao to find that eraft had entertid the Uata with craft. 

Unforttmately, those who directed the Saw-griudera* Tmon tboo^ii 
the exiatcuce of the trade at stake, and this minor defeat merely exaapcsalad 

Little received a letter telling bim ho was acting worse than Brinaloy, 
who had bc«n shot dead in the Briggate ; and aakiug him, as a practical 
man, which ho thought vtm likely to die firet, he or the Union f ** Yoa 
won't let us live, why should wo let you ? " 

Bolt was threatened in similar style, bat be merely handed tho miastTes 
to Bonsome ; ho never flinched. 

Not so Littlo. He got nervous ; and, tn a weak momeut, let his mother 
worm oat of him that he was at war with tfao trades again4 

Xhis added anxiety to her grief, and she became worse every day. 

Then Doctor Amboyno intcifoFcd. and, after a certam degree of ftiii«iiig 
— which seems inseparable from the practice of mcdicius — told Boiu^ 
plainly ho feared tho xcry wontt if this went on ; Mrs. Little was on tli* 
brink of jaondicc. By his adrice Henry took her to Aberystwith in 
Wales ; and, when ho had settled her there, went back to his troubles. 

To those was now added a dosolato home ; gone was tho nohio &ee« 
tho maternal tVc, tho soothing volco, tho oofathomnblo love. Ue never 
knew all her value till now. 

One night, as ho sat by himself sad and disconsolate, bis servant nana' 
to t«U him then was a vonng woman inr|niring for Mrs. Little. Henry 
went out (o bor, ftod It was Joel Ocnco. Uu iuviied her in, and told bcr 
what had bappcucd. Jael saw his distress, and gave him her wumunly-i 
sympathy. •' And I came to tell her my own trouble/' said she, "Aft 
on u»." 

" Than t«ll it me, Jucl. There, Uku off your shawl and sit down. Th«y 
■ball malu you a onp of tea." in 

Jael complied, with a slight Uosh; bat u to her troahlc, alu nid^| 
It was ooi worth speaking of in thai bonso. ^^ 

Ueory amtiod, bmnvr, ud «b« said, '• Mind all oomoi of my itctor m. 


nrt lorasBur re his placb. 


' that Phi) Davu. To toll yon tb« tnitb I vent to church with 
f&tary b49art ou iici-oDDt of tbetr both beginniog with a D — Denne &ndj 
ia,T]S t for 'tia un old raying — 

If JOB cfakDgt tix name afld not tli« JvUer, 
You duuige lor Oxv wodm iumI noi fur iIm better. 

Wfll, sir, it all wcut wtouk somehow. Par^oii bo was SoQtll country ! 
nud, whoa bis Umo came to kiss the bride, ho stood and looked oror m 
helpless ; and I had to t«U him he must kiss her ; and otod then he 
fiLorud foolish Uko a bit bfiforo he kissed lier, and the poor lass's fuce 
I getting up Hnd the tear in her «je at being slighted. And that pat Fatty out 
! for one iliing : and tbon nho wouldn't give avnj the ribbon lo tho fast 
runner — The lads ran a hundred yards lo the bride, for ribbon and kii 
70U kiiow — Wusn't the ribbon she grudged, poor wench ; but the fa 
ranner iu Caimhopo town in that ^Vill Gtbbuu, a ua<itr, ugly, nlobbcrintfl 
chap, that wns always «fU*r bur. and Philip ji>ft]oiis of him : (u> wbc did fot' 
tho best, and Will Gibbon safe to win it, JJut the village lads they didn't 
«M tho reason, and took it all to themselves. Was she better than hor 
gmnddam ? and were tht.\v woriio tlian thoir grandsires ? They ran on 
before, and fired the- anvil wht-u sUo passod : just fancy ! nti aflVout 
close to her own door : and, sir, she walked in n doors crying. There was 
a wcddinj; for you 1 Oocffgd the blacksmith was that hurt at their making 
fre» with his limitby to affront her, ho lifted his arm fur the first timci 
ond pretty near killed a couple of them, poor thoagbtlcss bwlits. Well, 
sir, Phil baris always took a drop, you know, and, instead of mending, 
he got worse ; tbcy live with father, and of eonrse he has only to go to 
tho barrel : old-lashiuned fnrmurs like ua don't think to Bpy on the nlc. 
iio was BO often in liijaor, I chvckvd him; but Patty indulged him ia^ 
everything. By*ahd>hy my lord gels over so civil to me : ' What next ? ' 
said I to myself. One fine eveuiog vr& iiro set upstairs at our tea ; in ht 
oomea drunk, and says numy things we had to look at ono another and 
exooM. Presently ho ttOls us all that be faas made a uibljikc- : he bod 
wedded Patty, nnd ]'m the odd he likcit the best. I thought the fool wvs 
in jest; but Patty «ho gave a cry as if a knifo bad gone through her 
hsui. Then my blood got op io a moment. ' That's an alfi-out to all 
three/ said I : ' and take yoor answer, yo drunki'u sow,' said I. I took 
liim br the scmfl' of tlie neck and jnst tamed him out of the room and 
Mnt him to the bottom of the stairs headforomost. Then Pally she 
qnarrellcd with mc ; and father he sided with her. And so I gnre tlioni 
my bleHsiug, und told them to send for mo iu trouble ; and I leA iho 
bonso 1 waa bom in. It all conicH of ber chnnging her name and not her 
letter." Uero a few tears iuterrujttod further comment. 

Henry consoled her, and asked her what she was going to do. 
Bhe said she did not know ; but she had it good bit of money put br. 
was Dot afraid of work, and, iu truth, she bad come thcro to aek 
Mrs. little's adWce, "poor Ia<ly. Now don't you mind luft^^.'W.'SQrs, 
yotir trouble la a deal worse thao miuu." 



" JoaI," sdd he, ''yoa nnui oome hen ud fceqi 107 kooM tfU ay 

poor motbtir U better." 

JmI coloured and said, " Naj, Uuit will not do. Bat if yoa eoiU 
find mo 8otn«thixig to do in yoar great fftctoiT— ukd 1 he«r jim ban 
enemieA there ; 70a uight u weU hftre & friend T^t in Ihe middle of 
th(>m. Eh, I'ut I'd keep my eyes and eani open for too." 

Honry aptircciated this propoaft], and naid there were plenty of Uunfoi 
Bbe oonld do ; she could hone, she couJd pack, die eonld eaperinieDd. and 
kMp the ^U from ^bbhng; " that," said he, "la thu real thin^ IhM 
keepe them behind the men at work." 

80 Jael Deuce lod^d with a fumale coqsid in fiiUsborcagb, and filtvd 

poaitioa of trust in the factory of Bolt and Little : she packed, and 
Bopcrintended ; and the foreman paid her thirty shillingB a week. Tbi 
first tiffle Uu8 vas tendered her ehe said iercrely, " Is thie rigbi, TOusg 
man ? " meaning, " Is it not too mnch ? " 

" Ob, you vi]\ be raised ifyoa Rtay with as three months." 
"Raised?'' Fwd the virtnoos nuitic ! Then, looking loftily ronnd on the 
other women. " What ever do these lactoiy folk find to gromblo at f " 
Httnry told Oraca all abont Uiia, and she said, rather oagerly,'— ** Ak 

1 am glod of that. Yoa'll have a good watchdog." 

It was n shrewd Hpecch. The yoang v-onum soon foiud ooi that 
Little was really in danger, and she was all ores, and ears, and no 

Yvt neither her watchfuhieM, nor Ronsomc'e, preTttiled entirely against 
the deviltries of Iho offeoded Union. Machinery was always breaking down 
by pure accident ; so everybody ?wore. and nobody beliored : the water 
was nil let oat of a boiler, and the boiler bocst. Bands were no longer 
taken, but they were cat. And, iu short, the works Beemod to bo nnder 
a cunie. 

And, lest the tme origin of all these mishaps sbonld be doabtad, eoeh 
annoj'ance was followed by an anonymons letter. These were generally 
seat to Little. A tungle sentence will indicate the general tone of each. 

1. " All these :u% bat &iendiy waniinga, to save your life if possihki.*i 

2. "I never give in. I fight to death, nud with mors craft and 
dnplicity than Bolt and Ranwrne. They will ttevet save tuu htau me, 
if you persist. Ask oLbets whether 1 ever failed to keep my word." 

8. " If I but movQ my finger, yoa ore sent Into eternity." 


Henry Little'H norve began to giro way more and moro, 
Meaatime Coh mot Mr. Oovcotiy, and told him what was going oa. 
bttwath the surface : at the same time he expreuod his surprise ol tti 
t " ' r.iinuioe shown by the Uniou. "Grotail ia i 

^ L ^vill Doi ffV9 iho word to horn Sohutovol." 



'* TbcD do It without bim." 

Co)« shook bia head, and said be diureo't But, oflfir soma reflocUoa, 
b* B&id tbcrti vas a mate of his, who vas oot a<> deik^adent on Groiait : 
b« mi^bl lie lempt«d porbaps to do Homethtog oii Iub own hook, littlo 
beiiig vnmg irith the trado, and tbreuteued. ** How muoh votUd 70a 

" How Ux wooid your (n«Dd go ? " 


Next day Colo milked oaoUy into tha iactory at dini)er*tiiiu), and bad 
R oouTersation with Hili, ono of Uit> workmen, vrho, he knew, iras 
Rctiiig &r the UnioDi and a traitor in his timploytirs' camp. Hu loado 
Hill a propoyial. Hill flaid it vas a vtirj ttt'rious Uiiog ; he vronld think 
of it, anil nie«t bim at a certain safe place and tell biai. 

Culo tttruUed oat of the wotke, bat not noobscrvod. Jiutl Denco 
bad made it hot Uiisincda to know Qvery man in tbo {suiiary by aight, 
and obflon'iug, from a window, a Btrangtu- in unnvci'siitioa witb Hill, abo 
came duwn and mot Colo at the gate. Khu slarltHl at eight of him : ha 
did not exactly rocognizo her ; bat, sMing danger in her ey«, took to bid 
hcQls, and ran for it like a deer : Jnol colled to some of tbo men to follow 
bim, bat nobody mored. They ^eewd it vas a TnioD matter. Jaol 
ran to Littlo, and told bim that villain, who had escaped from lUby Hall, 
had been in tho workii colloguing with one of the men. 

Baofiomd was aent for, aod Cole dweribid to bim. 

As for HilU Ja«l watched him like a cAt. from that bonr, since a 
man is knuwn by his friends. Sbo went ko far bh to follow lum homo 
erory vvoning. 

Colo got fifty poundR ont of Coventry, for UiU, and promiaed him 
twenty. For Ihia sum Hill agreed to do Liltla. Lut he demanded 
some littlo time U* become proficient in the weapon he nicttnt to ukc. 

Daring tbe inttrral, ov«nts were not idle. A jwliceman saw a ctitlor 
and a diagnised gentleman talking togathor, and told llaasomc. He aol 
Kpies to diacorar, if poesiblb, what Ihab might mean. 

One day, the obooxionft mochinea were stopped, by on arridaU to tb« 
muchiut-'T,-, and Little told Joel thia, and said, '* Hare yon amind to com 
fivD pound a W4iL:k ? " 

*' Ay, if I coubl do it hone«Uy." 

"Let us BOO the anu that flimg Phil DuvJh downsiairs." 

Jaol eolourod a Uttlc, bat Barod her loft arm, at command. 

" Good beavena I '' cried Little. " What a limb 1 Why mine ia a 
abrimp compared with it." 

** Ay, mine has the bnik, but yours the pith." 

" Ob, oomo, if your left arm did thitt, wbiit must your ri^'bt be 7 " 

*' Oh," ««id Jotjl, "you nwu do evur} thing with your right baud ; bat 
TTe kaacs know uo odds. My l«fl is m atroug as my ri^^t, and both rI 
your senricc." 

" Iheu cpmu along with Due." 


He took her iulo ibo *' Experiment Room," ezpUincd tLa suuthine to 
her, gave lier a loBSon or ivro ; aud so nmple was tbu bueiiics^, that alie soon 
nuutored ber port of it ; aod Little, witb his coat off, aoil Jai^I, with her 
siMa uvea bora, groand long sawB together aecretty ; and iutUe, with 
Bolt's coDseut, charged tlie Ariu by the groaa. He received tweuty^foar 
pouudfi per veek, out of which bo paid Juul six, ia spite of bet ** Bow 
can a lass'i work b« worth uU Ibat ? " and similar remonsbroncoe. 

Being now once more a workman, and working with this loyal laas m 
many bonrs a day, his spiribe roso a tittle, and bis serres began to recorer 
their tone. 

But, meantime, Hill was maturing his dark design. 

In going homo^ Little pAsaed throogh ond place he naver rnncb liked. 
It was a lougish close, with two sharp rectangular tarns. 

Since be was threatened by the trade, he never entered this cIom 
without lookbg behind him. He did not much fear an attack in fronti 
being always armed with {msLoIs now. 

On a certain night be came to this place as ttsual, went as far ac tiu 
fint timi, then looked sharply round to see iT he was followed ; bnt thers 
was nobody behind except a woman, who was jnst entering the court. 
tio he went on. 

fiot a little way down this close was a small pablio-boase. and the 
passago-door was ajar, and a man watching. Ko sooner was Little out 
of sight than be emergod, and followed him swiftly on tiptoe. 

The man had in bis lumd a wuapon that none bnt a Hillsboroo^ 
entlcr wonld bavo thought of; yet, as nHual, it was very fit for the 
purpoRo, i>ciag uoisoleas and dangerous, though old-faahioned. Il-wu ft 
long strong bow, all made of yew-tree. The man fitted an arrow Uy thi«, 
and running li|{htly to the first turn, obtained a full view of Little's 
retiring figure, not fifteen yards dislanl. 

So well was tlie place cboeon, that he hod only to diacharge 
weapon, and then run back. His victim coold never sue bim. 

He took a delibarate aim at Little's back, drew the arrow to the heftdj; 
and was about to loose it, when a woman's arm wafl flung round 

Chapter xxxu. 

CorsKTitT Uid Cole net (bat ntgbt near a little cburch. 

nilt was to Join ttiem, and tell them the rcHult. 

Now, as it bippitat. Little wtat hyme rather late that night, bo\ 
IhtM ooofwlanlM waited, alternately bnping and lenring, a oonstdenMtt . 

iVewnllyr ion«lh^g myateriooi occTirted, Uwi ^'«« tivtiwi «. enillJ 




Afa luTow dosc^ded* u tf from the clouds, and slack qDiming od a 
grare not ten jardt from tbflio. Tho black Bad wbit« fefttbcrs aboDe clear 
in the muoctighL. 

To CoToutry, it seomed as if hoavcD was retaliataug oa him. 

The more prosaic, bnl qtuok-vrtUed catlcr, after tho iirst stupefaction, 
Bupeoted it was the ver; arrow destiuud for Little, and said so. 

" And bi-inYeD Qiogs it back to us," Baid CoTenti^, and trembled in 
every limb. 

" Uoaveu boa nooghl to do in it. Tbc fool bus got drank, and »hot 
it is the air. Anyway, it mustn't stick thoro to toll talu." 

Colo vaulted over the diurcbyard, drew it out of the grave, and told 
Coventry to bide it. 

** Uo you borne," said he. " I'll find out vrbiit this nwans." 

Hitl'a nuexpocted nssailant drugged lum buck so suddL-iiIy and 
TioEently that tbe arrow vent up at an angle of forty-five, and. as tbo 
man loosed tbe string to defend himself, flew Qp into the sky, and camo 
down Tull a hundred yurd» from tbe place. 

Hill twisted Tiolently round and, dropping the bow, struck the 
woman in tho face with bis fist: bo bad not room to use nil bis force ; 
yet the blow covered ber face with blood, tihe cried oat, but gripped 
him 80 tight by both Bboaldcrs tbat be conld not strike again, but ho 
kicked her savagely. She screamed, but slipped bor arms down and got 
bim tight round tbe waixl. Then ho was dono for : with one migbty 
whirl sbo tore bim ofi' his foet in a moment ; then dasbed herself and 
him under ber to the ground with such ponderous violence, thai bis bead 
rang loud on the pavement, and he was tttonaed for a few seconds. £ro 
bo (juito recovered she hud bim turned un his face, and her weighty 
knee grinding duwu his (diouldcre, nhilo her nimble faandii wlupped off 
her Jicrchief and tied his bands behind him in a twinkling. 

So quickly was it all done, that by the time LitUe lieord the HcrimmagOi 
bacertaiubd it wan Luluud him, and came bock to see, she wjih seated on 
ber prisoner, treuibhng and crj'lug afUr her athletic feat, and vory little 
fit to cope with the man if be bud not bcon tied. 

Little look her by the hands. " Oh, my poor Jacl. Mliat is the 
matter? Has tho blackguard been insulting yoa?" And, not waiting 
for on answer, gavu him b kick tliat mado him bowl again. 

** Ye«, kill him, tbe villain L he wanted to mnrder you. Oh, ob, oh I " 

She could say no more, but become bysterical. 

Uunry supported her tenderly, and \wpi:d thu blood from ber face: 
■nd, as several people came np, and u puUcemau, he gave the man in 
charge, OD Joel's authority, and be wafj conveyed to the station accord- 
iugly, be and his bov. • 

Tbey took Jael Deuce to a chemist's shop, and gave her wXi. v%}«a. 
ud foUs ; thv Invt thing iibe did, yihva. lihtt wm cjiniJw ^ivn*^^ ^"c^ Na 




setz« Hehrr Liltis'a hand &di1 kiss it-wilh snch a look of J07 
tears' into bis otl-s. 

TBgd slio told her stor^', aod was token in a cab to the polioa-oSeet 
and repeated her story there. 

Then Heniy took k«r to Woodbine YiUu, And Grace CBrdan turaml 
very paid at Heniy's diuj^'vr, though passed : ebe viefi orcr Jael. ami 
kiHScd her ; and uobody could make enottgh of her. 

Grace Garden looked wistfully at Henry and said, " Oh that I had 
ft strong arm to defend yon." 

" Oh, Miss Graa>," niud Jael, "don't yon envy mc. 60 away mtb 
bim frum this winked, mordering place. That will be a deal bettor thiu 
anytliing I can do for bim." 

"Ab, would to heaven I could this minate," said Grac«, tiiopt 
tenderly to his shoulder. Sho insisted on goti^ homo with him 
ehariog his peril for odco. 

Hill was locked ap for the night. 

In the monting a paper was slipped into his hand. *' Say there wai 
no arrow." 

Uo took this hint, find Bnid that liu n'lia iunoconc as r bobo of aajr 
barm. Ho had got a how to repair fur a friend, and ha veni homo ^. 
twanging it. was attockod by a woman, and, in his oottfiwioii« struck hdr^f 
onco, but did not r«peat the blow. ^ 

Per contra, Jaol Denco distinctly gworo there was an arrow, with two 
white fcalhers nod one black one, and that the prisoner waa i<hooting at 
Ur. liittle. She also swore that she bad seen him coUogning with another 
man, who had been ooncemed in a iannor aLton:^)t on Mr. littlo, and 
captorod, bat bad escaped &om Baby liall. 

On this tbe magistrate deelinDd to diBcfaargo the prisoner ; hot, as oa 
arrow could be found at present, admitted him to bail, two sccaritiea fifty 
pounds each, which was an indirect way of imprisomng him until theasi 

This attempt, though noBUccossfnl in one way, wns very affective 
another. It shook Henry LitUo t^rrihty ; and tho otFccb was oohanc 
by an anonymous lettor ho recoired, reminding him there were plenty < 
noiseless weapons. Brinsley had been shot twice, and no sound heard. 
" When your time oomos, yon'U novcr know what hurt you." Thai 
sense of a noiiwlesa aasassin otoroally du^jgiug him preyed on Litilu's mind" 
and Fpirits, and. at last, this life on tho brink of the gravi) Ltwama 
^—^ so btolernble that be nieotved to leave Hillsborongh ; but not nloiie. 
^H Ht) eaUod 00 Groeo Caidon, palo and agitated. 

^H " Gnico," Knid bi', '* dii you rLtJly lovu me ? " 

^V "Oh, Henry I Do I Iotc yon V " 

W *■ Than save mo from this borribUi oxititence. Oh, my lovo, if 

I IcD«w what it is to havo be«n a hrare man, and to find ■--':- ~: -r---- -■!' 

I ooiiag awnv nndnr frrczing tbnditc, thnl yon Icnnw, I- 

I ba f>'' ' ttomu (lark, Hubtlts bloody deed or other. 

B han- I me down to this, that L unvar %a tau tU\% vtii 



me, ftud, whsu 1 go rouiul a oonicr, I tarn short, aud rim back, 
Mirl vait at the cora«r to Me if an assaasm is foUowii^ me. 1 trflmble at 
Lho wind. I start at m; awn shadow." 

Qruc« threw her amis round hi» ueok, and eLopped bim ^^itb toan 
ittid kittes. 

" Ah, blesB ;-oa, my love," ho cHod, and kissed her fondJy. " Yon 
pity uw — ;ou will bow mo &utn thin miserable degrading life ? " 

" Ah, that 1 will, if I can, my own." 

" Yun can." 

'* Ihcn t«U me how." 

•• Be my vife — i«t ns go to tho Uuitod Stotos together. Dearest, my 
pateula aro a great enceefls. We ure making our Euttune, thongh we risk 
onr lives. In America I could aell the»e inventiona for a large simi, or 
vork them myiwlf at an enormous profit. Be my wife, and let ait lly 
this hvlli^h plaoo t<><>oLb€r." 

" .^nd SD I wotdd in a moDiont ; bat" (with a deep aigb) " papA 
would norer cunxent to tliat." 
I '* Dispense with his eoDBent." 

^H " Ob, Hunry ; aud mam- tmder my folher'a curse I " 
^^ ' " Hu would Dot ctirso yon. if be loves yon half as well ae I do ; nod, 
f if be d«x«ii Dot, why Bacrifice me, luid perhnps my life, to him ? " 
! '* IJemy, for pity's sake, think of somo other way. Why this riolcut 

haste to gut rich ? Hare a little patience. Mr. Itaby will nnt always bo 
abroad. Oh, pmy givo np Mr. Bolt, and go quietly on, at peace with 
those dreadful trades. Y'ou know I'U wait all my lif« for }-ou. ] will 
implore papa to let yon -visit mu oftoner. I will do oU a bithfiol loriug 
ffxi can do to comfort yon." 

** Ay," said U(>nn-, bittorlv, '* you will do anythiog hnt the one thing 
I ask." 

" Yes, anything but deiy nay father. He is father and mother both. 
to mo. How nnfortunate we both are I If yon know vhnt it costs mc to 
deny yon anything, if you know how I long to follow you round the 
world '■ 

Hhc choked with emotion, and seemed on tho jiuint of yielding 
after alt. 

But ho said, bitterly, " You long to follow me round the world, and 
you won't go a twelve-days' Toyago nitb mc to save my lifo. Ah, it is 
nl-.fays ae. Y'on don't love me as poor Jaei Dence loves me. She saved 
my lifis without my asking her ; but yon won't do it when I implore 

■* ilenry. my own darling, if any woman on earth love* yoa better 
than I do, for God's sake marry her, and Jet me die to prove I lored yon 
a Uttle." 

'* Very well/' said ho, grinding his teeth. " Next week I leavo this 
pUoe with a wife. I give yon the first offer, b(«au«e I lava jou. 1 93aa&.\. 
giva Jaai the secoudj boofiOM shs lo\u to* ." 


So then he flang oat of tho room, and laft Groco Garden half faulting 
OQ tbe H>fa, aud tlruwuod m tears. 

But, before he got back Uj tho works, he repentod bis violoueo, nnd 
his heart yearned for her mure than ever. 

With that fine sense of justice which beloDgs to love, he spoke roDghijr 
tu Jae\ Dabea. 

bho stared, and Biud nothing, but watclied him fdrtivelj, and saw hi4 
oyo8 fill with tears at the picture memory recalled of Gnce'y palo (aea and 
Btreommg ejea. 

Shu put a fuw iihrewd questions, aud, his heart was so fuU, bu ooold 
not conceal tbe mniu facta, though ho HUpproBaed all that bmrc ror»n<u«fi to 
Jael herself. She took Grace's part, aud told him he was all in thu 
wrong ; why conld not he go to America alone, and sell his patents, and 
then como back and many Grace with the mouey ? " \Miy drag her aoniM 
the water, to make her quarrel with her Either ? " 

" Wbr, indeed '? " said Henry : " bocanso I'm uot tho man I was. I 
hare no manhood left. I hare uot the courage to light the trades ; nor 
yet tbe courage to leave the girl I lore so dearly." 

"Kh, poor lad," said Juel, "thou bast courage Booogh ; but it has 
bcou Loo sore tried, tirst aud last. You hare gcme thzough enough to brvok 
a man of steel." 

tjho advised him to go and make his sabcusaion at onoe. 

Ho told hor she was his guardian angel, aud kissed bcr, in tho WBxmth 
of his gratitodo ; and bo went back to Woodbine Villa, and asked Grace's 
forgiveness, and said bo would go olono tu tbe Htntes, aud como buck with 
plenty of money to satisfy Mr. Garden's prudence, and 

Oraco clutched him geutly with both bauds, of if to hinder Lim from 
Icaring her. Hhe tamed very palu, aud said " Oh my heartl " 

Then ghu laid her head on bis sbouldfr, and wept pitconsly. 

Ue comferted her, and said, " What is it ? a voyage of twdro days I 
And yet I shall never have the courage to bid you good-by." 

" Nor I you, my own darling." 




Having como to this i««dation, be irai now seized with a fimr that bu 
would bu assassinated before he coold cany it out : to dimtsiidi the chances, 
ho took up bis quarters at tho factory, and never wt^ut out at nighl. 
AltAchcd to tho works was a small building near the water-sido. Jael 
Donco occupied the eocoud floor of it. He had a eamp^bed sot op on tbe 
linit floor, and established a wiro communication with tbe police-office. 
At the stigh'Csl nlami hu cuuld riug a boll iu Kaosonui's nur. Ho also 
claiidestiucW nuMrrewed a little postern door, that bis prcdooe«sor» hnjJ 
cluMid, and made a key to tho lock, so that if he sfaotild ever bo coiupoUcd 
to go out at m'ght, he might baffle his foes, ttbo would uiituriLliv ivaldi tho 
gr»al gate for his ozit. 

With all this he beciuDo rcrr diij'iessod, aud moody, aiid itliinuvdj 
Doctor Amborue, who rmucmbend his ULUot s «nd. 



The Doctor adnsed him lo go aud boo hu mother for a dny or tvo ; 
tut bo shook his haa<l, oiid declined. 

A prisoDdt- dMaincd for want of bail is allowed to commonicaU) with 
his &iuQds, and Qrotait soon lat Hill kuow he waa vttry angry with Lim for 
undertaking lo do Little irithout orders. Hitl said that the job was giveu 
him hy Cole, ithu was Orotait's right-hnud man. and Orolait had better 
bail him, othervma he might be iudaood to tell tal<w. 

Orotuit lot him stay in pri&on IhrMi days, and then sent two bouse- 
holdors with the bail. 

Uill wft8 diaoharged, and went home. At dnnk, h« tamed nut lo 
Hud Colo, aud tracing him from one pnblic-housc to another, at last lighted 
on him in company with Hr. Cu^uuLnF-. 

Tbiii set him thinliing ; however, ho held aloof till they parted ; and 
then following Cole, dunned him for his twenty ponnds. 

Cold gaTo him five poonds on accomit. ilill grumbled, and 

Grotait sfflit for both men, and went into a passion, and threatened to 
hang them both if they presnmed to attaek Uttlc's person iif;8iu in any 
way. " It ia the platie I mean to destroy," aaid Grotait, " not the miui." 

Cole conveyed thid to Coventry, and it discouraged him mightily, and ha 
told Cold he should give it up, and go abroad. 

But, soon aAor thiii, some proEBore or other was brought to bear oa 
G-rotuil, aiid Cole, knowiiig Uiis, went to him, and asked him whether 
Bolt and Little were to be done or not. 

"It is ft painful subject," Kuid Grotait. 

"It ia a matter of lift? and death to ua," aaid Cole. 

** That is true. But mind, the place and not the man." 

Cole asFented, and ibcu Grolait took him nn to a cortain bridge, and 
pointed out tho one weak side of Bolt aud Little*!* fortrt-ss, and ahowcd him 
how the engine -cbimjiey cotdd hn got at and blown down, aud so the woriis 
stopped entirely : *' And I'll tell yon something." said he ; " that chimney if 
built ou a bad fotmdution, and was never verf sofo ; so you have eveiy 

Than Ifaoy chaffered about tho pnce ; and, at lost, Grotait agreed to 
give him 201. 

Cole went to Coventry, and told liim how fiu- Grotait would allow him 
logo: "but," ioid he, "20/. ia not euoagh. I run an even chance of 
being hung or lagged." 

" Go u atop beyond year instmctlona, and tU ^re yon a hnndred 

"I daren't," said Cole: "nulcss there was a chance to blow np tho 
place with the man in it." Then, after a moment's reflection, he said; 
" I bear ha sleeps in the works. I mast find oat whore." 

Accordingly, he toIktMl over ouo of the women in tho (^t^>ir^^ wv\ 
gained theiuUoK-in^infbnuatiou, which Ue iApuVAW^.O^s^auVt^w- 


LitUo lived and ilept in a detached bmldJng, recenUy encted, and 
young vomiin, who bad overpowered QHl, filept id a room aboTe him* 
She passed iu Uio worlu for lits sweetheart, and the puirworo ofWn Iock«d 
up toj^ether for hoiira at a time iu u room, called the *' £xporiiULiDt 

This information took Covoutry quito by surprise, and embitttfeA 
bis hatred of Xiittle. While Colo was falieitating him on tbe ritaatkiB 
of the buildiug, he was tueditating hovr to deal hta bated rival a ittab of 
auother kind. 

Cole, however, was single-mindod in the matter ; and, the n«xt day. 
he took a boat and driftod slowly down the river, and scanned the pluoe 
very carwftiUy. 

He «ame at night to Coventry, and told facn he thooght be ui^t 
perhaps be able to do the trick, without aeeming to defy Oiotait's initme- 
tiouF. "Cut," H&id he, "it is a vary dangarooa job. Premises are 
watched : and, what do you think ? tbey have got viree up now that nm 
over the street to the police-office, and Little can ring a bell in Ranaoma's 
room, and bring the bobbies across with a rash iu a moment. It isn't as 
it was under the old chief conatable ; this one's not to be boogfat nor 
blinded. I miif^t rii^k a halter." 

*' Yon shall have (i% pounds more." 

" Von arc a gcntlemau, sir. I shoold like to bare it in hard sovoreigna. 
I'm afraid of notes. They get traced somehow." 

" You shall have it all in sovereiKux." 

" I want a littJe in advance, to buy the materials. They are eosUy, 
especially the folminating silver." 

Coventiy gave him ten sovereigns, and tht^y parted with the 
undorstanding that Cole should endeavour to blew up the premisoe oa 
some night when Little was in tfacm, and special arrangements were made 
to secure this. 



Hunry Little and Grace Cardcn reooivod, each of them, an anonym' 
luttcr, on ihc same day-" 

Grace Ciirden'a ran thuii: — 

** I us't abide to aea a yonng lady made a fool of by a nllain. ilx. litUa; 
have got bis miss hero: tbey dote on each other. She lives in Uii 
worki, ud su do ho, arer since she came, which be ns^n't afnrc. Tbr, 
are in one room, as many as eight Iinnrs at a Htrutcb, and that iuooli 
alwfiyH locked. It la tliu Ulk of all the girbi. It in noDi^ht to mo, bnt I 
ibooght it right you ahouid know, for it in tjiiite a soiuidaL Bhe is a 
Btrappiug country his*, with a ({ueerisb name. This comas frum a itraodsr, 
but a weU-wishcr. 

•* Faia Pl*»." 


Hm letter to Henry Little wm u follows : — 


" XaB reaaoQ of so many u-arniiiKs, and ne'or a blow, yon hid ftnendi in 
ibo trade. £nt you bavo worn them out. Yon are a doomed man. 
Prepare to meat ^-our God. 

TluH vttts tbo last straw qd the camel's back, as tbu suyiug is. 

Ho just groiuid it in his baud, aud then he began to act. 

Ha set to work, packed up models, oud despatobed tbem by train : 
elotbea ditto, and wrut£ a lung teller to bis moUier. 

Xext (lay he was busy writing and nrmn^ag papers till the afteniocio. 
ThoD he caUed on Orac«, u related, and retomed to the works about six 
o'clock ; be ordered a cap of tea ai seven, which Jael brooght him. Sbo 
fouDd bim busy writiug lottery, and one uf these was addzeseed to Grace 

That was all she saw of him that night; for aho went lo bed early ; 
and she was a sound sleeper. 

It was nine o'clock of this same evening. 

fttr. CoYenlry, disguiaed in a beard, was walking op and down a certain 
street opposite the great door of the wurkn. 

He biul already walked and lounged about two hours. At la«t C^ile 
juiiied bim for a moment and whispered in a tone full of moauing, " Will 
it do now 't " 

Coventry 'a tooth chattered tngclber aa ho replied, "Yos; now ia tht 

" Got tbo money ready ? " 

" Yes." 

"Trft as see it." 

" When yon have done whnt yoti promised me." 

'' That vary moment ? " 

" That Tcry njnmBul." 

** Then I'll tell you what yon mmit do. In about an bonr gu on tbo 
now hridgo, and I'll come to you ; and. before I've «»nie ia yon many 
niTDiitt'H. yon'll see snmmnl and bi-ar numiuut that will make a Dotae in 
.Hilliibro*, and, pcrbnpe, got ne both into truuldo." 

*' Kol if you are as deiterona an others bavo been." 

'* Others t I was id all thote jobs. Bni this ta the (peerest. I i}fi ia 
it aa if I was going to a halter. Ko maUQi, a mui cukWV. &% ^sciraV 



And, Hitli tlicso woniB, he loft him utd went sofUj down to tha veMar- 
side. There, iti Uio Bhodow of the new bnd(;t>, Iiiy a little lN>at, aud in it 
n light-jointed ladder, a small hamper, and a basket of lonln. The row- 
liteks were corcrod with tow, and the oans made no noise whatever, czctrpt 
the worce audiblu dip in the dark stream. It soon omaigvd below the 
bridge like a Muck apider crawliDg down the Btreom, and melted ont of sight 
the more rapidly thitt n slight fog was rimng. 

Cole rowed softly past the works, and obaerred a Tory {aioi light to 
little's room. Ho thouj^ht it prudeul to wait till this should he eztia- 
gtdshod, bnt it was not oxtiiiguibhod. Here waa an unexpcctod ddaj. 

Howovvr, thn fog thickened a litUc, and this onconnged him to 
Tontnrc ; he beached the boat very gently on the muddy tihore, and began 
hit) work, liwking up every now and then ut that pule light, aud roady to 
Sy Qt the first alarm. 

Ifc took out of the boat a large Tamish*can, which he had 0Ued with 
gunpowder, and wrapped tightly ronnd with wire, and also with a aaah* 
lino ; this can was perforatod at the aide, aud a strong tnhe screwed tif^tljr 
into it ; the tnbo protruded twelve inches from the can in shape of an fi : 
t^ means of thia a sliiw-biiming foso was comiected with the powder; 
some yards of i\ub fuse were uTapt loosely ronnd the eau. 

Colo crept softJy to tbe engiDo<chinuicy, and, groping about for tha 
right plsce. laid the can in the engine bottom, and uncoilod the fuse. He 
took out of his pocket some small pioccn of tile, and laid the fuse Atj 
on these. 

Then he gave a sigh of relief, and crept bock to the boat 

UorriLle as the action was, bo had done all this without mach fear, 
and with no remorse, for he wan used to thi« sort of nvA. ; but now ho 
had to commit a now crime, and with now aud torribio malurials, which 
he hiul never handled in the way of crime before. 

He had iu his boat a suh«tauo« so daugaroas, that ho bad made a neaiof 
soft oottoo for tbo }«ooptaclo which held it ; and, when the boat toochod the 
ahors, light as the contact wa6, he qnaked leat hia imprisoned giant-devil 
should go off uod blow him to atoms. 

Ho put off touching it till the Inst moment. Uegolhia jointed ladder, 
sot it very softly nndemeath the window where tbe feeble gae-hght waa, 
and felt about with hts hands for the gmtjug he had obaerved whuu ha 
first reconnoitred the premises from the river. He found it, but it waa so 
high that ho had to reach a httlo, and the position was awkward fur 

The problem wait how to romino one of thota bara, and Bo admit hia 
tnfitfiml machine ; it was about the shape aud siao of an ostrich 'a t^. 

It mnst bo doiu) without noise, for ttio room nbovu him wua Liltla's* 
and Little, he know, had A wire by means of which be could simimoa 
Baiuome and the police in tbo turn of a hand. 

The cold of thu night, aud the uvw proMiat danger, atadu 
all ovur, aud ho pauwd. 




ho began agnini imd, taking ont a fino stool 8«v highly U>mporoi1, 
proceeded to saw tha iron dowly and gcDtlv. ready at tfao firut alivrm to 
ipring from his ladder find nm away. 

With all bis cantJoD, stool grated Bgoioftt steel and made too tawh 
noise in the B^Uy mgbt. Ue desintcd. He felt about and fonnd the 
grating wag lei into wood, not atoDo; he oiled the raw and it cut Ibe 
wood like lintler ; he made tvo cnta like a capital Y. itnd a bar of 
the grating epme loose ; be did the same thing -aboTe, and the bur 
oome out. 

Cole DOW descended the ladder, and prepared for the grentcsi danger 
of all. He took from iUt receptacle the little metal box lined with glaxed 
paper, which coi)ttuiie<l the fulminating Hilver aiid ilo tune ; and, holding it 
as gently as i)omible, wont and monnted the ladder again, patting biH foot 
down as softly aa a cat 

But lie was getting colder and colder, and, at this nnfortuoate moment, 
be~ronieinbere<1 that, when be was a lad, a man had been destroyed by 
falminating silver, quite a small qnnntity, in a plato over which bo was 
leaning; yet the poor wretch's limbs ha<l bcrji formd in different places j 
and bo himself had seen the head ; it had been torp from the tmnk and 
hnrled U> on incredible distance. 

That truiiklcss head be now fancied he Enw. in the middle of the fog; 
and his body began Ui sweat cold, and his hands to shako so that he could 
hardly hold the box. But if he let it faU 

Ho eanie batttily down the ladder, and Rat down on the dirty gronnd, 
with the iuftirunl engine beside him. 

Br-and-by he got np and tried to warm his hands and feet by motion, 
and, at laat, ho reeorered his fortitude, and went softly and cat-like up tho 
steps agaiu, in spite of the varions dangers ho inourrod. ' 

Of what was tbiB ninn'fl mind cttmpoaod, whom neither a mere bribe could 
bay to do tliis deed, nor pure fanalicisn] without a bribe ; bnt, where both 
Indncements met, neither the risk of immediate death, nor of imprisonment 
for life, nor both dangers united, could divert him from his deadly pnrpotie, 
though bin limbs nhook, and his body -nitft bedewed with a cold 
persjuratiim ? 

lie reached the top of the ladder, he put lua hand inside the grate ; 
there was an aperture, but be oould not iiud the bottom. Ho hoMtatod. 

Uqto wat a fresh danger : if he let the box fiiU it might explode at ouce 
and send him to ulerait)-. 

Once more bo came softly down, and wlleeted all the tow and wool be 
cunld find, lie went up the ladder and pnt these things throogk the 
grating ; they formed a bed. 

Tbi>n hu went back for the fatal box, took it np the ladder with 
beating heart, laid it softly iu ibt bed, uncoiled the fuse and lot it 
bang down. 

Bo now theee two fiendish things were pUccd, and their deTtUsh t.<\\k 


ts SU >UlC& 

Hm taep tei tacB calwiUi Ae ntaiBi tJe^lj 
(o Utra de «iH lei^ of tiBB— «««lf« ain^w. 

Bat Gt>b «M too tbooi^itfial BBd ni7 to E||^ th» &)jc« oatil 
«a« jMifMiJ Car lu Mmp*. B« ^ ifa* Ute oa boatd Un 
Jii|ifiiMH Ibc on bo tli^ be anU aw then at oh»; tbn eaipt to tba 
Mlpu-cUnMf . kaeeied dvm bonde ifa« fan. Jooked Mui w iily op at Ut* 
fiunl tight gi miiii ag ftbo**, ud look ctf Ins bii. 

With tiagslar cOBnini; ud kuQkoa^ fas hid jrilr-' « peee of asad- 
popor into his hat. Bjr thit men* ha N^Med a lacBer at oooe, and kepi 
it out of M^ from Iho windows, and ako taU frota th« veatiier; k« 
drew tbe ond of the fose bto tfao bat, apffceJ tha aateh to it onii of 
fli^t, thai bloir tha loatch oat uwl darted lo U* oAer inliaMl maebiDe. 
lu Imi than ten Mcondi be ligbtod that fbae loo; tbea step! inia the 
boot, aud left thoee two deriliah sparks crecpiag oach on its iaUi 
onuud. Ud polled away villi ezattiiig bosom, heating heart, and onapiag 
fleeb. He pnllad rnfih* up slxeam. lauded at the bcidget slaggmd up the 
ytepB. and found CoTentry at bis poit, but afanort froMO, and sek of 

Uo etaggorod ap. to hnn and e>*ped out, " Vn done tbo trick, gito 
mo Ito brass, and let mo go. I soe a baiter in tba air." Uk tMib ohat* 

£nt Coventry, aller hoping and fcarioft for two boon and a half, bad 
IobI all confident in his oMootato, and he kaid, "Bow am I to know 
yow'xo done anything ?" 

" YoaU Bcti aud jou'U hoar," said Cole, •' GiTe mo the braM." 

" Wait till I see and hear," waa the replj-. 

" What, wait to be nabbed? Another Qiinnt«, and all the town will 
bo otit ofWr mo. Oiw it ma, or I'll take it." 

** Will 70U ? " And CoT«oti7 took oat a pistol, and cocked it. Colo 

"Look bcrv," said CoTbotrjr; " tburo aro one huudrod and Rtlj 
aontraitfui in Ibis hag. The momeni I rec«iTO proof j-oa havo not deceived 
toe. I givo yoti tlu> bag." 

" llnrr, where wo stand ? '* 

"Hereon this apol,' 

"UuHkl nutsohiad. Pldn'l I bear natap?" 

Til ' 'i»tcnml k«entj. The fog was tfaick by Ibis time. 

{•.,, , , rod, '■ Look down tho river. I wonder which will go oOT 

, f Jt LS vrry cold ; yvry." And bo shook like a man id an ague^ 

Uolb mou listonod, otinUied iritb cold, aod ([mvorbg with the etj 

laUnu of orlma. 

A ■■ "■■■■... 

A'. i>t« nnnfodoratoR started and ntt«i^d a fry. They 

war* in that ilnlA wbiMi oTeTything saddfii n)iiiki.'H im-ii li r. 

All vtUI aKaio, and ihvy Uatsned and tbook again wii:^ ,-'^ -...a crime. 







SiuLdfln B Itirid flub, and b report, dull Bcd hoary, 'and BomcUiiDg 
tall iteoiiuMl to Inui Urwftrdft thcim bam tiu> eky, luid Ihc-re van a mighty 
rashiDg soond, and b cold wind io Uicir fnees, Bod ma awful fall of 
maaotay on tbo wiU«r, and the voter sported tuder the stroke. The 
KT«at oliimiiey bad fnllea ia the riter. At tbia reiy mouieut came b 
sharp, tremendoiiB report Vika a clap of ilinodcr close at band. It wag 
Ro nwfal, that IkpUi bag and jnetol foil onl of Cuventr>''B baud aud rang 
upon tbo pavomcDt, and fae4ed, terror' strirbcii. 

Cole, tboii^ frightened, went down on bis knees, and got tbo bag, and 
started to ran tbo other way. 

Rnt almost at the flnit atap bo ran agiuDst a man, who was running 
towards btm. 

Both wera staggered bj the ebock, and almost knocked down. 

Bnt tbo man recovered himself fiist, and seized Ci^ with a grip 
uf iron. 

When Coventry had mo a few stepa he recovered bis judgment bo Cut 
OS to recollect that Ibis wonid lay him open to saapidon. He loft off 
rnnniog, and walked lihsklv iuHtvniI. 

Pnstmtly the groat door of the works was opcDcd, and the portor 
Bpiwared crying wildly for help, and that the place wu on fire. 

The few people that were aboat made a nub, and Coventry, driven 
by an awfb] cnriot^iti^, went tn with thorn ; for whj abonld he bo suapecled 
any more than they ? 

He bad not gone in half a minnte whon Hr. Bansome arrived with 
BevtimI pobcemcQ, and closed the doors at odco against all comers. 

Strnnge to aay, the last cxplosioo bad mng the hell in the pohoe 
office ; bcuee this prompt apjicumiicv of the police. 

T)ie live or aix peraoos who got in with Coventry knew nothing, and 
ran liither and thither. Corentry, better informed, darted at once to 
LitUo'B quarters, and thtre hobpld an awful sight ; tbo roof presented the 
appaaranee of a tiieve : of tbo second Hoor little remained but a few of 
tba joiata, and thct>o wore most of thou broken nod stood on end and 
arroBA uaob other, like a hedgehog's hristloa. 

In Little's room, a single beam in tbo centre, with a fragment of 
boardi kept its place, but the joists wm-e all dislooalud or broken in two, 
and sticking up hero and tLere in all directions; huge holoa had been 
blown in the walls of both rooms, and much of the contents of the rooms 
blown ont by tbem : so vast were these apertoios, that it seemed 
wonderftal bow the stmctm-o bnng together ; tbo fog was bs thick in tba 
dismembered and torn building as onleids, but a larg^ gas-pipe in Little's 
room WM wrenched into the form of a anakc and broken, and tbo gas eet 
on fire and flaring, so that the devastation was visible ; the fireidoco also 
hong on heAven knows how. 



Coventry cast bis eyes roanil, nnd recoiled with boiror »l wital li* 
hod done : bis foot Btrnck Bonicthing ; it was tiui kittor-box. full U 
letteri, Btill attached to the broken door. By Bome inatioot of eorio- 
sitj ha stooped and peered. Thero w&h oqo ktUx addressed ** Qnes 

He tried to open the box-; ha Mold not : ho garo it a wrench, it wu a 
hittioed box, and cam« to pioccs. llo went down the Rtairs triUi tha 
frai^entB and the lutters in his hand ; feet npprooebt^, and ho beard a 
Toioe close to bim Sflv, " This way, &Ir. Ransome, for God's aako t " A 
sort of panic seized bim ; ho ran back, and in big desperation jtunpcd on 
to the one beam that was standing, and from that throngh the open mil, 
and fell on the soft mad by the rivor bank. Though the groond waa soft, 
the descent shook him and embedded him eo deeply be ronid Dot extricald 
himBalf fur Homo time. But terror lends energy, and he waa now 
thoroagbly teniiied : ho UmiKt the lotters in his pocket, and. being to 
exeellf ut swimmer, dashed tit once into the rivor ; liat he soon found it 
ehokcd ap with masonry and debrU of ereiy kind : he eoaated this, got 
into the stream, and mvam aoroas to the other aide. Then taking Um 
lowest and darkest str eeto, cootriTcd at last to gel homo, wei aod filthy, 
and qnaking. 

Baosomo and hia men oxiuoinod the shattered bnildiog witliia and 
withont ; bttt no trace could bo found of any human being, alivo or 

Tlicn they got to tbo river-side with lights, and here they found fool^M 
marks. lianaome itet men to gnard these from being walked orer. ^^ 

Aitontion was soon diverted from these. Several yards from tho lorn 
hnilding, a woman was found lying all huddled together un a heap of 
broken masonry. 8bo waa in bor uightdreas, and a oonnterp«no half 
over her. Her forehead and head were bleedingi and- she was ijiiila 
inaeuHiblo. The police recognised her directly. II was Jael Denoe. 

Hhe waa alive, though inseDsn>lo, and lUnsomo had hor eonreycd at 
ODce to tba infirmary. 

•* Dring more bghta to the water-iide," said be ; "the explosion baa 
ncti^d in that direotion." 

Manv torehes were brooghl. Keen eyes scanned the water. One 
two polioe&en got out npon the mina of the ebitnu'y, and wunt anldo-d 
in water. Bat what they sengbt couUI not bo fotud. Bonsomo said be 
was ^ad of it. Evcrii'bodr knew what be meant. 

Eo went bock to Little' <t room, and examined it mioutfity. In tbt 
pasasge be found a oard-casc. It wu lying ud the door. ItnnBome took 
it ap moohanieaUy, and put it in bis ]Mtcket. Ho did not Rxiunioc it al 
thi> timet : he took for granted it waa LitUo'i. 
wbelher a man bad not bMn aocn in ihmi room. 

*• I>id he come down ? " 

•* So ; and 1 can't think how he got oot." 

h« I 

He naked one of hi« sHm 

The offiffur said " Y-*." 


^lational l^titipittbica. 

If any one should aak wlwt is the qaalitv which most ponrerfullj at 
onr affeetioiu to onr neigbbonre, it woqM oot, p«rhapfl, bo a 
niisreprasoutatioD to say that it is sUDaees. Withtnit any thmigfat 
flattery, or still less of pn'ratc ndvantAfie, vo hnvo nn tDfilitictiTe 1ot« ■ 
prosperity. Bo long as Ihou doeat well unto UiYBcIf, we arc told on 
antbohty, mon will speak good of tbeo. Mske a fortuuc in bostiiess, rise to 
be a chancellor or an archbishop, bccomo a popular noveltst or poet, nod 
it is sorpnsing how mach beneroleti(ie will nntxirulty be doToIoped in th«j 
hearts of your neighbours. Ou the other hand, it is no lets Im© that no 
bitterest diiiUkoB ore gcnorollr owing to jcalouRy. The man who nutde 
SQCCMsfti] speech when we broke down, or the lady who had tho splooi; 
offer which we for good reasons did not decline, must bo fomid giully 
some glaring defects iu order at all to rocrmciile aa Lo oTireelvoc. 
depends npon other circarngtaDoes whoQi«r oar sympathy or onr joalc 
prevails in any given caae. Each stuwesefnl man, for example, tuny Ut 
Borroonded by a amall circle of irritated rivals ; but tboso who an 
a littJo greater distance take as mach pleasitro in the diseomfitoro of 
oompoUtors as in his own saeooea. The mnss of mankind are Baffieie&Uj 
iinsclfiKh to admire great virtnes and talents in people far removed firoi 
them, however mnch they may dislike those quiUities in their immediat 
neighbours. Ten -pound householders like a great statetimnn, wfat 
8«eond-ralo officials exhaust Ihemsi'kos in picking holes in hta character; 
bat tbey might not be so fond of one of their own neighboon who 
risen &om a ten-pound to a 6fVy-pound tenement. 

Some such conflict of eentimonts seems often to govern oar f(«linj 
towarda rival nations. Every Ime Englishman at tbe bottom of his sot 
botes a foreigner, — or, if tliat ex|)ri!8eirtii Ihj a triilc too strong, haa i 
perceptioD of the noturiotu inferiority of all other races. Tbo lealing, I 
ever, Sactootes strangely in intensity. Probobly, if the truth were kuoi 
our normal state of feeling is one of contempt towards ever)- one who 
not speak klugUrih — and, moreover, the English of England — tempered by 
uii(*omfbrtable doubts aa to the perfect sccority of our position. Wo don* 
think a Frendiman our «]nal, but we rather shrink from comparing Par 
to IjootUio. We treat a Qunnan with atTablo contempt, but wo haTR a 
Tagne awe for bis auppoiod authority an philological or nifitaplirrical 
inqoirios, and some nis|noion of his growing practical abilitit-s. Aa_ 
Anunican is, of coum, a bad imitation of a Briton, bat he ccrtainlj 
inhabits a largo country, and though wo mcer at hia ainoxing atalutiesr 
thoy do coDTcy arimo unplcaaunUy signiftcant fiicts. Tbe dinUk 



tlio admintioD comes nppennoei at diffoKot timofl. Ife gener&Uy regard 
tho chief tintiocs of the earth ns our rivalB nnd dieliko tLem accordioglj 
— c^pcciftUy if wo fiuicj lb*l we arc piusiog Uiem in llio rucd. It ia 
pleasimt to ho aht« to |>oint lo our next-door oeijitbbours as illnrtratioDi 
of iLu fnilia^N from which wc cue exempt. Oor grandfHthors usnd to 
conlrutplaM tlio niisernlile Freiitrh alaves ia tm arbitrary monnrehy H 
linng iUiislratioDS of tho evils prodniwd by the want of a British Con- 
■titutian. If tbey had been p«rfectly cGnain of theb own indispulablo 
iQperiori^, their antipathy wouU hnro bti«n svoUowcd up in their 
Mmreit. Nobody dislike a chimpnnzoe or a negro in Africa. Itnt 
ODPo admit tha pofudbility that tho ehimptuuECO nny claim thii right 
of Bofltage, or the negro propove to stand fbr a preaideDoy, and ne shall 
eomo to cotmting over every shinicaming they mny exhibit wiUi a 
fMliog atnnigly approitching to hstroU. Wc should make pointed remarks 
as tu the sbapo of the cbimpan2c«'s skiilt, and challeugo him very 
freqttontly to atand upright on his hind-legs. Imagine, howeTer, that 
the ebimpauzee makcH a further step in adTaneo; that be learns t€ 
drew and live cleanly like a gcutloman, gets into onr pnlpita and 
pnnacheR brilliant flermona, T\»tin nt the bar, and ia permitted to 
gmoa hia ogly eoontenaueo with n judge's wig, and vre Bhoold begin 
to see things in a different light. Wo should begin to remark 
Ilia singular actinty in epite of some external awkwardness ; we aboold 
ndmtre the rtmigtb nf his jiiwB and rccnguizo tlie obvioua murlta of intcl- 
ligeneo in bi» fiicc ; and tbnt, not bocansc wo should expect to get any* 
thing bj flatl«ring hint, but simply ns a part of the homage spontaneously 
pidd to aueeofta. At least, it is only in this way that I oaa accoont for 
the curious changes of opnion which we haro lutnly wilneKsed. ^Vhat 
high moml ground wo took in condewuing PmsfiiAn ambition until Iho 
battle of Haclowa 1 How speedily we changed our view of the Americoo 
eoDtost iiHer the surrender of Richmond I Neither of those events made 
any differeaea to the rights of the causo, but they converted people owre 
rapidly than cartlooda nf tracts. Prondence, we all hold, is on the side 
of the strangest battalituis; I know not if that be au orthodox Hautimeot, 
bat perhaps it may bo explained by the eingobu* uniformity with which 
the stroDgetft batleJiona always prove to hare be«D on the right aide of tho 
queiition. Providence may, mthoat profanity, be supposed to help tho&o 
who had so elearly the beet of tlio argnment. I believe, indeed, that most 
people are a little nahamed of the rapidity with which wo have oocasitinully 
ohougvd front. I cannot here nrgao tho point — moro difficult than may 
appear at ^t sight— whelhur that change has not some snbftantia] 
granndii, and whetbpr suecfss in saeb OMea as I have noticed, docs not 
tndtcate eomo (Qualities which may properly challongo our ciil«em. The 
ptrosponty of a natioD, nulike that of on iodividaal, is a pmlty good test 
of its moi i intelligence. Such arguments, however, whatever 

may bo tL^ i', do not tell for much on the pabUo mind. Wo 

adinir« nooen on its own aoeoont ; we lik« to bft cm Vbft 'vinxitti% «^^a% 




me; oi^| 

oad B8 the people who hold a party to be in the right geoeraUy pi 
that it will bo rictorioaB, tiicy nntimilly dum the fullUments of 
prfidieUoos aa dcmoa8tratia{[ the trntb of their conTictions. I am cot 
to rcouu-k that than U BomothinR rnther absurd nod afidigDiEed in 
vposmodie oatbarsts of congratuluiion. It oi»y be seiiaibb, bnt it do« 
not Appear to be highmiudod, to obuso people as long us tbi-j ore 
out of luck, and to break forth in jubibuit picAO« nnd songs of trit 
the momcut thoy bavo eatabli^hed, not tluir right, but Ihctr 
Th«re 16 Buch n thing 08 the logic of fuct« ; but a niaa viOi auy depth i 
ooDviction do«3 not yield at ouco to ovory syllogism of tho itrot 
battalion kiutL Ho yields tho less readily, beeaoiiQ be knows that it 
not always one victory which decides a war. Our Te Vfnmt are sonwt 
pramatore as well as undignified, and it is Tcry awkwtml when, in tli« 
oonrBo of a few yeaOi VO fwg thoni ultcraatiily in hougiir of the 

"Wliat, then, a at fhe bottom of this weakness ? It is, in two 
tbatt as H rule, vo linvoo't got any convictions worthy tbo name ; 
likes and dielikcs, our sympathies and Bntipathics. as applied to toaigl 
nations, arc, for tho most part, mere lanciui, which do not desem tbs 
compUBwnt of Berions ^scasslon. Of coatsc, 1 except the reader and tbs 
writer of this article. Thoy hare profoundly coiuudo'cd the complex 
qaestioo invulved, and can pronounce with some contidcuco on Ihc merits 
of the (liflercot ruces of mankind. But then their o[)inioa« mre wid&ly 
difiierent from those of the mob, and are mere insignificant drops com^ianid 
with tho huge current of pr^ndices and predilectioas which go to make op 
what we rail public opiuiou. AVhen we iuqaJro into tho real value of tlw 
general svuUmeut, wheu we try to frame it into definite pn^futioos, and 
to assign its true groonds, we see how singularly worthless it most bo in 
tho oyea of a real philoAi^her. The good old John Bull prejudice, which 
cxprassed itself in tbo poetical maxim, " Down with Jews and wooden 
■hoes," was lutcUigiblo ouou^h as a mere inarlioulato cry nf wrntb. It 
meaot to say. not that tbo French were more wicked and stupid tbaa 
oorselrei (and no reosonablo man supposed th&t they were one or iha 
other), but simply that we had been in the habit of fighting thom (or 
several cvnturios with varying success. It was not a judgment fbondtd oo 
flridcnOD, but mtnily a ronudahout way of assorting the geogiaphtcal faot 
that PnuKO is divided &om Knglond by a narrow arm of the se«« and that 
many dispntes have arisen in consequence. Kelsost, whu bad a fine torn 
(iar piihy cipreasions of sentiment, told his midshipmen that the wb'!.- 
duty of man was for them sonuned up in the two great ooounaadments 1.0 
do as thoy were bid, and to hate the French as Ihoy did tho detil. 
FhUosophieally coosiderod, that merely mewl to lay that, for the tliuc 
brntfT. th« tivcbiog of th«t Christian religion was stiperssdsd by th^ 
' ' r^, iu purbuauce of whidh it was the main bnauMtss of aa 

'l'..-^:---. — i to bum. aiiik, and destroy every Krencb ship that Ub 
bappowd to DXit. As a rule of practice, there woro obvious ooovonien 



In Uiis ccmJoiiBod Bommary of natioDal Bctitiment. As an cx]ir(>^0D of 
H goDoral tralii, it is nmieceiutaiy tn point out tho Tsrious (lualiGealiona 
Qecessarj to give it even a tcmponuy ratiditj. The old warlilie creed 
liap gona partlj out of fosliioii, anil thoogb it Borvires bore au<l there, it 
need not be oeriooBly discassed. The hatrod of two neigfabouriDg notioiu 
proves no moro u to their merit tliuo Uio autipnthy of a dog and cat 
prorea aa to tbcir napoctiTe vdaeti. It itiilicntcs a blind instinct, not a 
rtasoaable cooTictlon. But thcT' is a more refined method of rcR4:biDg 
certain similar concksionti, wbieh deserres a rather fuller consideration. 
Tbe exprcEsian of simple bostiUty ia oODTortud by skilful WTitcrs into a 
tbcory, irbiefa is not, on tho face of it, absurd. Some of onr ablest 
Bpecnlatira rcaeoners profess a dislike to foreigners, not because they ore 
intrinsically inCorior to oorselvw!. but because tlieir lawa embody ecriain 
political or social principles. Tlio French are assailed because they givo 
the ordinary oiomplo of oTer-eentralizalioD ; the Americans liecnuKe they 
Bhow, OD a large scoJo, tho eScct of aobriJleil democracy ; and Bimilarly 
cadi people is regarded as an experiment in w bieb the ivorkiug of certain 
ideas Is practically illuistraled. It would, howcTer, be apparently un- 
reasoDftble to dislike a people merely beeauae they vero the netima of 
eJrcntDEttnnceB; and, thereforo, each victim is credited farther mlh the 
poOBcssloD of a certain national character, wbicb makes them specially 
imseeptiblc to a f^Ten set of tlicoriefl. The French, for example, are, by 
tbu innate turn of their minds, imdnly attracted by symmetrical syalem ; 
Engliehmen by practical conuderstions, witboat a priiper regard for 
theory; and so on. And I do not donbt for ft moment that this view is 
founded oo a most important truth. There are ancli tliiogit m catnml 
character and iufluenco of race. If we could analyze tho character of an 
individual, and say precisely what is owing to the circnmstaucea under 
lich he bos been placed, and what is owing to Ibc quatiUes which bo 
InhL'tited. I fully bolieve that the hereditary inflaences would turn out 
to he by far the moat important. The same principle is, in all proba- 
hilJty, exemplified on a targe sculo in nations. There is a profound difler- 
eoee between the character of the Tenton and the Coll, and a dilTcroDce 
which would make itielf felt if they were placed in prc-cisely similar 
ntoatJons, if only wo ooold say what it waa. For it is here that my 
difficulty begins. I Hsten with great pleasure to the plausible gcntlomon 
who tell ns so confidently what peculiarities in oar national character ara 
owing to tho Celtic or the Teutonic infuNinn in our blood, or who oven 
go inta finer distinctions, and truce ont provincial shades, of character 
with Ibe ntmost precision. But I confess that my pleasure is mixed with 
an utter leepticism. It n all very pretty and exceedingly neat; and 
when you have got thti trick of it, nothing can bo easier. I would under- 
take lu show, if anybody would listen, that the nuliuotiJ ]>eciiliaritiL>s could 
bo traced in the different fashions, say, of French and Kngliah boots, or 
in thd fact that hansom cabfi urn popular in London, and never take root 
on tho contiucut. The jn^euoity displayed m fiucU &\|Qa^\i!Qiua\fitVAiE^-^ 



xoiad, much clearer Uian their solid Tulae. Some iniths are probal 
Btraek cat bj the (li«<UB«ion ; but, granting cTcn, which I moat veh 
doubt, that some veiy aontc obsorTora may make TaloaM' 
crrtiuii tluii tht) popular notiobu ard never correct, and <' 
119 the highest degree. If vo could unulvze human chametot ua we 
unaljzo a drop of val^^r, and Bay that it was made up uf ce 
qualities in certdun defiuit« proportions: if we could eay that 
r^ormiila for nii Kuglishman was two atoms of courage to two of 
)intellect, and one of imagination, wliiUt for a I^ncb m au we 

ibBtitute other known nnmbera, just as we can toll bow 
^Stemg of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon go to make water or 
Bplieiic air, the problem would bo comporaliTely easy. But do oui 
BOt even the profoundcst philosopher, has ren!ly disojvered 
Ehemical composition of human character; uid all that most of 
Bott do is to make Tery rough guests at the nature of a few obTiooi 

sculiantiofl. We ciuuiot gire a seientifio account of the matter ; hot 
'Wo can draw a rough cnricntnro; wo can alick a bowie-knife inLu the 
bund of Uio Americuu, aod provide the German with a glass of Bararian 
beor, though we are profoundly ignorant of the occult causes which mak 
beer congenial to Germans or bouiu-kuivcs to Americans. But when 
get heyood the mere oxtoraiU oddity, our judgmonle arc at leaai 
of palpable error an of tmth. Tako, for oxampto, that old- 
BotioD that Engliithman were specially " practieaL" Can anj hi 
being say exactly what it m^ane, or what is iia ralne if it means 
Ib it practical to have the streetR of London wone BHi'ept and chiao' 
pnvod than Iboao of any contiuantol ca[utal ? Is it practical to lia' 
all our charitable iostilntions into such a muddle that nobody 
whether they do more good or harm ? la it pracUcnl to retain ol< 
fnsliioued inetitiitions and theories for a longi^r time than any people 
Karopo, merely because they are old-faidutmed ? There is, I daresay, 
Bome aaiwor to those questions, and others which go veiy deeply 
some of onr political theoni>s ; but it ia plain that " practical " 
have somo int^rpretaUoo very diifereut from that which it bean ia 
ordinary life. Culuckily, having madfi the general assertion, we are ifmim 
lis much giron to roly upon it in caeos whore it is evidently false as * 
thoee whora tt may be approximately true. To take a difierenl caw : 
bavi) oHea read lamentationa oror the prosaic and miimagiiiatiTc nataift' 
of EngUshmco. nsd I bclievo that those lamentations rsfor to some real 
evilii ; but it is strange that we should be content with Huch an imputa* 
Uon iipoo a race, whose meet indisputablo cliiim to tutoUoctual merit ur 
prectMly the extraordioary vmliM of it« poetical lit«nitnrt. We an 

im»' ' 't titny bo, bnt till' -l in a sunfo 

tp!i ii the Duct that wo : SluOupcortt^ 

6p«n«oni, MiltoDS, W(vdawortb»i Byrons, KhaUers, and othur namoi 
which Bveri,- one r-— -"-;-'- --:-)inj;tu hiu tasU^t. The Irish, who 
baf« ecarul.v prodL. rxt« poet, or, what is ivm 6tnkc 



in reg^id of some oi tho qafUilics a8cnl>e<] U] tbem, a second-ralo 
liamoamt, arc froqueoUy contriwted with as to onr duadvAiiUgc in tbia 
porlictiUt excellence. A better ciue mi(;bt be mode out £i>r iboir oratorical 
captullieg ; and ibe dUKireaiie KuggcRts Uiat [xuisibly (far I propoood do 
tbeorr mysolf whilst coDdemuiug otUc-m) vvu ought to eubalitutc for oor 
fluu sn-cepiug ssserlioa about imagiDatioo, ooo resting on a f&r more 
duUcuto distinctioo between the I'betorieol and the poetical faculUea. 
1*0 couo to » puiuL more closely cuuii4»cted with our immediate subjeetr 
there oro, or wore, a whulo set of eurrout commotiplaces iihout the dilTer- 
viK^a between the French nod EogUsh races, of which wc may boldly wy 
thut there is not one vhich dooa not contAin &s moch falsehood as tnith. 
We used to bouit ahoat oar cxclaBire posseasioQ of the vord " home," 
autl to iafvr. that Fruuch fiimily Ufe waa u hollow sham, and that 
French domoslJo affections wore less wnrm tiuio onr own. Kow it is 
nittorioua that in many ways this id thu very revorso of tJio truth ; uid 
thftii to tAke only one inslance, French families mntuigo to hve together 
on lennfi of intimacy vMeh we find to be totally impraclicablo in 
Euglaod. Probnbty tho tuuiertioii vas due, iu part, tt> a naperficial 
tiliidy of a small hut ron^picuaus cliitts of French society, and to the disso- 
lotion of certain opinions iu Franco ondcr the influeDccs of the eighteenth 
ccnini7, and partly to a simple mie interpretation of facts. A man who 
cpends his eTcniogs at a public-boose in London is generally a bad 
liuhliand and futbt-r. Hasty tourists inferred that a Frenchman who 
fi'i><|ii>jQti}d n caft.- most noccsstuiiy be dri'ven from his 'home by (piarrels 
with his wife and ehildrtQ, or his own iU-regolated (astea, which is, per- 
haps, as absmd an iuferenc« as has ofl«D been drawn, and yet was oneo 
aecopted as an ondcniablc trntii. Tho proTerbial remark about our ovm 
ehopkeeping propenMtic^ is often euppt^Bed by the vulgar to mean that 
wo, as a nation, are more attentive than uur neighbonra to pounds, 
riiiUiugfl, and pence. Yet, as a matter of fact, 0i-erybody may obser^-a 
that an ordinary Frenchman tluuks more about a franc than his parallel 
in England ttLout a halfcitiwo, aod that oar faults and our actions ofo 
both connected with a propensity to extra vagauce ur lilurulily ^iL matters 
sot which it is called) which leads to many couspicaons reiults ; as, for 
•xampl«, to BO palpable a difference as that which makes Frenchmen 
liou^en-bum cooks iiud Eu;.'liKbmcn t^aite the reverse. I udvauce evon 
ihiM stjitement wiUi ditlidcuco : for it is only a guess at a possible soln- 
tioD of A difficult problem. 

'Without further illuslmtion, it seems to b« safBdcntly clear that, when 
we Tesituro to make anydiatinct proponiUun abnat natiuua] clumicte-ristictii, 
w« ore u ofU-u wrung as right, and genomlly make a haxai-dous iufvruuco 
from a particular case tho groond of a sweeping aBsertion, which, in ntott 
of it« sppUcations, is wrong, and is ofton the iroiy rererso of tho trntii. 
The pVi' ' . I'lf ualionnl obanicU.'rhas yet to be discovered. UnlQckily, 
faowQ- ' >Ileoti(m of loosi', inoccarato, and oft«}o ahsnrd Btiitenients, 

fonna the jostiiiciitiou, if not tho eaoAO, of dvx nation«\ uD,\irv«Aa«&. '^^ 




liAt«, or lined to liate, a FVencbman, for tbo sofSeioot, if ansatisfiu'ldt^, 
rtiasou Uiut bu was oar neigbbonr. We jastificd oar hittred b^r attribatiof; 
to him a set of qnalilies vbich he did not rcalh poeevse, nnd which, u • 
rule, woro merely coiijectural expIaniitioRs of pboDotQPQa.wbicli NtmirtimM 
existed id reality, and sometimes onlj in oor imaginationa. AltboDgfa 
odncttted people have grown wiser, the Frenchman of the popular bney 
is Btill a mere bQcdla of qnalities thus inreuted ; the teil being b u 
difiereat as poRsible, althougb even tbo wisest of ns arc far from knowiag 
what bo prociBclj is. The putitical theories founded on thiB untroil' 
worthy groundwork of guesses and exaggerations are, to my mind, worib 
little or nothing; but, at anj rate, the national antipathies foasded jipoo 
them are equally fooh»h and injurious. I doubt our real posMBSioo of 
any one of the qualities on which wo plume ourselves, or dot lialiility to 
any of the faults for which we mort frequently do penance. I do nrt, 
indeed, deny that wo have made some rough approzimationB to the tmtlif 
but I hold them to bo utterly firivolous as the basis of national impatatieit* 
or Kelf>glaritieatinD8. 

Supposing, however, that those opinions have more value than I ns 
Admit, there is still another consideration. Stated shortly, it is this — that 
we are all so mui-h alike that we have no reason for vanity or humility. 
A book which made eome senBation rather more than a ceutnry ago, 
argued, with great naivetf's in defence of two propoHitions : the fimt wai 
that the British Constitution was tho noblest inrcntion'of man, and the 
pride and envy of the world ; the seeond, that the English people won 
ultt'rly degraded and demoi-slizud, aud goiug to ruin ns fast aa poe«tb1e» i 
whilst the French, though equally bad by nature, were kept by their fl 
Government in some degree of efficiency and respectabihty. It w»s o6A ™ 
that the writer did not obecrvc the difficulty of reconciling his proposi- 
tJODs; but tho same contrndictiou is involved in half the commoDplaee 
dissertations oa the subject. Tbe English race, thoy tell us, ia the finest 
in the world ; tho English institutions ore tbe hapinefit nystom ever known. 
And yet, when we look for the natural conclusion, that tho Kn^sfa peopLs 
are the wisest and happiest on the faco of the earth, wo are craelly di^ 
appointed. We find that more often peoples made of inferior materials and 
governed abominably ill, are nevertheless held up for our imitation, aa dearly 
ahead of us in all sorts of important matters. They an bettor edacaled 
more moral, and generally more capable of leading rational and cl 
lives. Obviously there must be some mistake in the premiacs which 
to Buch admittedly erroneous conclueions. Perhaps our institations ma; 
not 1«! absolutely perfect; but, as I shrink from such a heresy, I woi 
ratbrr say that other races have probably wmo gcwd qoalities, of « 
re have failed to take account. It is plain that, irith tho beat will in 
rirorld. wo caimot vcolnnj to aesert that wo are really, on n gexwral 
impartial riow of tho TObJect. dietinctly better than our oeigbbui 
,3T>ore is acme law of compensation which makes up oue way what 
m othwfi and forhida any one to say, vdthoal the groascot pr« 





BomptioD, that anj cirilizod nee » fairly at the Itoad of tbe world. Each 
has fjniU M mnoh to t&aiD u to t«acb, and, in tbo loog nu, most bft; 
content with asMiiiiig ila clatmH to Lutng an iioportost momber of lh» 
great fiunilj. This being bo, tho prejudices of which we are so prood 
JUC neeettuily ridicnloDS. I hato a man in private life, for I confcffi to 
atiDg MmM people, for exc«UeDt reoaona; I bate the man at the c1a( 
Vbo alwaTg angagAs the particnlar Dowspaper that I want, tecauM haj 
ahowfl a revolting selfishttOBS ; I hate the man who abases me. beeaos* j 
he ia obviouslj inseoBible to a high class of merit ; I halo the mad 
irboee tbeologioa] or potilictal opinions are oppo«itc to my own, beeausft' 
'be most plainly 1» stnpid or iosiQoero. ALI this may he onchriatian, bat 
it is uot illo^oal. Bat to hat« (or. indeed, to lava) a nation moat, on tlie 
face of it, ho foohah. Such a sentiment implies that the nation in in 
ilH iititarf) worae thanjonr own ; wfaereafi, an we have jnnt admitted, one 
nation ia in the long run pretty maoh as good aa anolhor. Borne vv:ry 
excellent writers whom I could name, think that tboy display their wisdom 
by lyBtomfttically abasing French principlcfl, and by implication the race 
which asaerta them. Cnloss thoy could prove, what is quite impossible 
to prove, that the French are, as a whole, inferior to ouraolvt^s, their 
virtuous warmth only doniuostrates that there are certain good qnalities to 
which they are inTariably blind. It was very proper, some time ngo, 
when nobody read Oennan books, to impress upon Eogli&bmen goncrftlly 
that the Germans had really some reoiarkably good qualitiee boUi ia 
literainre and practical life. The people who undertook that task 
naturally grew fond of their clients, and it became common to controati 
in all kinds of ways, Oerman simplicity and earnestness, and imoginatirs 
power with the supposed defects of }<>encbmea in the same capat:ities. 
Kow that the balance baa been redresaed, this zual seems to be out of 
plaee, and to tend to an eqnml exaggeration of the opposite kind. Vihea 
ovx writers were ahtmrdly given to JohnsoueKe, and the claburate pom^ 
posity of IjAtiitixcd seotcoces, it was as well to point ont tho tbIoo of tbo 
8axon elements of oar laogunge ; we may now be content tu admit that 
& ^L)od writer should show an eqnal command of all our resourcesd^ 
Wboti the negative philosophy of Voltaire and bis school threatened to b« 
in the ascendant, it was a good scrvico to set forth, as Coluridgo did^ 
amoDgst others, that there was in cxistonco a philosophy of diiToront 

dencies. We may now speak without feu- of the great and most valuablo 
Dxcellencieft of the French intellect. It is time that we should endeavour 
to do jnetice to erery one, and abandon tho attempt to Jind exclusiro 
merit in any of the great divisions of the Koropean races. 

It is true that thei-e are many nations to whom this docs not apply* 
VTo are sufficiently enporior to some isnvago tribes to justify ug, if we please, 
in regarding their malpractices as indications of genor&Uy lower morolityt 
H well as lower intelligence. We might hsto tbem with the bomo rigbt 

wo hate ■ malevolent fool — aosaauog, for the moment, that we oughb i 
to hato Miybody. £at it is precisely iu this cgaq, >kW<± ^Vl&b ixli^ 


1)0 jofltified ou logical grounds, tliat ve eeaee kt f&ol it. Wv odniit wbui 
peopio KK dearly troaker, vul probably worso Ihan oarselves^ tlwi tluiir, 
«iTorB ure lo bo excoBcd on tba ground of Uicir tompUUuiui and 
waaluiL'SB. Tbu remote suttler bates Uio native, who takes Uis ecaJp, 
oocasioiuJlj dines oflf hia family'. But vre, boing condciuus of our parfuct 
security, am afford (o regard the perishing races of Uie worldi like tba, 
clumpanxM, as objects neither of love nor hatred, thoogb, it may bo, 
more <a loss homaaa feeling. We wish them to be treated kindly, bat 
tboy are not near eaoi^(b to our own level to excite imy jealou&y, or any 
Rtrong aaUpethy. To make out a goad cauBd for aveitiion, we idiouU 
prove thut with the some powers and the same opportunities as ourselvas, 
a nation or au individual has gouo wrong, frum what ArteEons Ward 
deKAi'ibed as " pnre fluBeeduoss." And that is precisely the plieDomoikon 
which, common us it is iu ptivate life — BpeoiiUly aineogst our inrtoece in 
business, our children, and generally onr intimates iu any c&pseity^ia boI fl 
exempUfiied amongst any existing aations. 

In this, as in many other ways, vre uherlsb abaard feelings, oiritif I9 
our preTailiiig trick of [tenunificAtioo. We attribute all our vizttue Bui 
failiugs ie an iraagioary LoviaLhau, as Uobbes would have called hin, 
known as John Bull. He is not only the ideal embodiment of onr sup- 
posed pocaUiuiUcs, but answers as a kind of tenable symbol, by the con* 
tempUtiaa of which our uucmics nork up their wnttb intu a proper white 
heat. He does the same duty as that uulueky figurehead apoo which 
Mr. Quilp exhausted his overflowiugs of unattached fury ; and is as osofol, 
in bis way, as Qny i>'aux's effigy to the genuine Protcslaut bigot. Wbsu 
Fenians and their friends deuuunce England in the Anietieoft newvpiqMrs, 
they inntiuctivcK bring out this concrete image to be cofposed to the 
storms of their rhetoric. There is felt to be a oortain absurdity in aboslog 
twenty millions of a population which, in. the main, is good-tstupand« 
igDorcmt, and profoundly innocent of any overt actions or any opinions 
on the Rahjeatj but when they are all symbolized as a single bloated and 
UTOganl monster, with top-boots and a bull-dog, it seems only natural to 
briabour him, and plaster him witli filth. Pascal telli as how absurd H 
is that two men sbonld take the utmost jirido in killing eaeb other 
boeause they happen to live on opposite sides of a rircr ; and, aAor 
making all the obrioua deductions, it must be admitted that war is, at 
bottom, s Tery shocking system in many ways. But its atrocity is con- 
cealed by our habit of talking habJtnaUy, as if a nation were I'eally one 
man, and respaoMblc for nil the bad Innguogo or acts of iVOIy Ibat ita 
officials may commit. Were it not fur Uuh habit wo ahoold get rid at tbo 
eommoD tttur of believing that ibreign politics should be decided bj 
m ' and resantmeDt. Tbuo is ground for aoehlintiBgi 

ti). ■ iMwauM indindniilA do aot, more or 1l>bs, iiroin mill 

or from unscllifh benevolence. But a nation is, and ou^l to bs. ityfr< 
tematically soUbh. It may show more or less regard to certAin onirvsn- 
tioDal rules of behaviour towiirds ttJt oeigbboon, hut al bottou it doM 




vhat it tliitiks, on the wliole. itill &nsTer best for iU own prosperity, and 
iU viuwe apou stub nutters arc deUuiuined by tU pomtioo and circam- 
KtAQces. It ticla, at best, as a BclEflh man acts who doos not want to get 
into tronblc with tbc police, but itf thoruagbly detonnined to make bis 
ou'u fortuud. without caring mnch about his influence on his seighbour. 
Thuro ore excelleut leawns vhy such conduct is, ou tbo whole, the best 
for miULkind at hirge, ami vro have quito ouoogh to do in looking after our 
own intcnets. Bnt, obvioasly, gratitude or resentment is 03 much out 
of place in dealing with surh & body as in an ordinary commercial trtuu- 
action. To buy iu the eboapofit market and noli jn tbo doarost is uot Uio 
highest idea] of Chri^lian duty ; but it is all that a nation can proporiy or 
habituallj do. K oar pluus have beeo crossed or aided by a riral power, 
it is simply beeoase it was their interest to do so. France did not help 
Amu-ica to iaduiwudouvo Cmm any romantic notions, but bttcausti they 
thought, according to the politics of the time, that it was their interest 
Ui npAct the HngliKb empire ; and Wasbiiigtoti very properly inferred that 
Amoricans owed no particular gratitudo to Frenchmen. ^\lien a nation 
abuses us, it it! merely the abuse of a large number of people talkisg abiiut 
matters ou which Ibey are specially ignoniDt, and altorinf; opinions which 
are the inevitable cunaequenco of their position in the world, Viliy 
shonld wo cure to resent their empty phrases 'f The sooner wo get rid 
of any infasion of eentimeut in such mattora tho sooner we shall under- 
stand each other, and be ablo to oomo to a reaeouablo agroenunt not to 
cut throats and blow up nbips uuneeeSHariJy. 

Bo far HS tbis argumeut goes tu imply the unrcasonnbloness of 
Mumosity agaiust foreigners, it would perhaps be generally accepted. 
We arc all anxious to uuler upon tho period of unlrorsat pbilsnthropy, it 
beiii^ well nndcmtood that wo may begin it by clearing away a few 
savages, rectifying a few froniiers, npseiting half-a-dozen tdngdoms, and 
nmodelliog the map of tho world. These preliminaries oneo Mttled, wfi 
earnestly desire to sit down under our own vines and fig-trees, and listen 
poaoofuUy to giich reviUni^s or eulogies as foreigners may be dispon::il to 
bestow upon ourselves and others. Thero is, however, one more eoD* 
elasiou which is still a little onpleasaut. If hatred and love of a nation 
are alike unreasonable, it follows that we ought not to like our own. Wo 
^onght to be graceful cusmopolitos, acknowledging no ties of country, Ixee 
sm all vnlgar prejudices, and regarding the kingdoms of the world, and 

ir iotrigues and s'jnublilings. in tbo spirit with which we should look 
IVpou the duiugs In auolber planet. Intematiooal pri^udices, from this 

it of view, may be a foUy, and patriotism must bo a vice. I confess 

it I am inclined to accept tbu couolujiiou. PitLrlots, as a general rule^ 

to me to be a very hotheaded and noxioiu set of people ; and thcdr 

ifirourito virtne to he a cooveuicnt cloak for all Lbe most mlochieTODa 

pr^udlcee that arc cumul in tho world. \Vby should I "glor}- in tho 

IsaiQu of BrilOQ ? " Ik there any particular aatiafaetion in beong tbo 

iabaUUnt of an inland to which nobody denies a good nuA^ Tv^iun^Nnlu 



vhicb certamly has as many faalls as H can coDTeniently quumso to gei 
along widi? Pcoplo t«U nu thai this, and that, and the otlwr thmg v 
.grossly Trrong; thai oar preraiting bcliefe aro narrow and provincial^ that 
Onr f^OTemmeDt U a mndtllo, that our education is eontnmpLiblo, tltat our 
politics ara petty, and, aflar eaying a great deal mora of tbo same kiod, 
and mncb icoro, indeed, than X believe to bo true, they tura ronod apus 
mA with immense indignation, if I Tentnre to snm np all these criticismi 
lin ono, und say that Koglinlimen are no better tlmn their aeiglifaoDra, aaj 
that thoy oagbt not to give thcmsolves aira as if Lbey «r«rc. W« nuiyfind 
laalt with every particnlar detail in the conntry, nnd bo praised for doing 
it ; bat the inference that the whole is fanlty, is regarded a« a crww 
Imgainst patriotism and as an nnpardonable sin. tf we pat the criticiim 
[-with any forco, wo aro finally assarod, by way of an onansworabU' eoa- 
demnntioD, that our viewii are an-Engtiiih. Yet, aa an honest man, 
I can't avoid certain oonclnsions. Bvorir- national commonplaoe has ikf 
counterpart. We boast, or need to boost, that when a slave pat hii 
foot on Koglish soil bis chains dropped ofT. When A similar qaestioo 
argued in France a hundred years ago it was tuKt by a sbsilar 
sentiment. " Di-e qn'on esctare est ontru en France," said Uu lawyers, 
il y devient libra." Is England or France the land of libe/tyf 
rEvery nation, again, in Kuropo, so far as I know, asserts with a 
tinauimous voice that, whatever other &ults it may possess, its soldicn 
aro the bravest in the world. In other matters they may have 
equals, but once let tliem eome to the bayonet, and then it wiO bCj 
seen tliat English, or French, or Gi^rman, or Bossian, or Swedish, or 
Dutch, or Spanish, or, it may be, Fortogncso soldiers, are inviodbls. 
From which it may be confessed, that it is unfortunate that ths 
bayonoi is so seldom used tbat the point can hardly be deoidwl ; 
and also that one or olbvr of these agsertious must be fiibic. I have 
a BUspiciOD, founded partly on my own consciousness, and partly on 
jivownJa not often made in print, that the real contest ou a battJe- 
field is one not of courage but of cowntdioe. I believe that DulitAiy 
history ia really what all history has boon declared to be, a eouKpintoy 
to Bonoeal the tmth. There ia every iudneement to enormons lying 
aboot battles, and nobody has any interest ia giving lis the plain fac1«, 
irithont the ^o«s, as the smoke and the roar of oaonons conceal f* 
a time half the horrors of the ocoaaion. The bombastic rhelorie a 
military historians conceals the cowardioe, and the mcannesB, and thtf 
hratality by which those horrors are prodneed. Whenever I have hai 
Bu opporttmity of seuog men in dangerons positioaB, I have remur 
that even animal eoniag*, so far from being common, is one of tho ranal 
of qnatitiffl. Oar instinet, whatever we may say, is to look anotber w«; 
when we hear cries of mnrder, and to Ite unavoidably ocenpied 
important buaineM when tbcru ia likely to bo a row in tho 9tr»t« 
IHseiplina works wondara in a crowd of cowards, by p^o^'idiug thtun witlr 
aa good mottvoa for illMf^"*c etlll aa for nuiniug away, and ly forming im 




firlilleial instinct tor obeying orders in moments of confusion. But I 
uercT met n brave man who (lid not confesa to being terribly firightened 
in iiis fint action, vhilgt it la a wdll-knomi trath that the more ;oit uoe 
of sncli things tho less you like thorn. From oil wLicb I infer that the 
preniling opinion nf tho courage of each particnlor nice must bo a 
moftsore as much of its powors of lying aa of its natonil diapositioa to 
fight. I would rather not stake my patriotic f&eHnga on the existence of a 
quality which is the eho<86n Buhjoct for the most monstrous self-doccption. 
Toko any set of men, dress them in one colour, and accustom them to 
Ptftixl in a row, and Ibcy will, in all probability, bo more oiraid of run- 
ulug away than of anything else. Their merit will depend on tbo intelli- 
gence with which thoy aro combined much more than on any iDtrinsical 
pugnacity. Mliat is generally called patnotism leads nn to »ink these 
notorious facts, and to bmg iittolorably about tho mout doubtful of all 
tnerits. And consequently our politics too often resemble tho bchnvioar 
of n coaplo of cowardly dogs, who growl at each other with every hair 
bristling by way of concealing their real state of mind, till at Inst one 
of them bites the other from sheer nervous irritability. It will be Jong 
before wo venture to tell tho truth alwot our extreme uowilliDguotiB to 
bo shot, and wo shall continue to boasl of the palriotism involved in 
keeping up a childish game of brag. Often ss the absurdity of the pro* 
eccding may be exposed, it will not be really weakened till the spirit of 
patriotism is more or lens sapped at its base. 

Of course, I might bo easily aneworod by a luug eLriug of stateme&tl 
about the beneficial results which patriotism has at different limes pro- 
duced. 1 would willingly admit every one of them ; but they only prove, 
what no sensible man denies, that many false opinions have been of 
cesenttal scn-ico to mankind. The great mcyority of tho existing race of 
maukiud ntiU believes in religious ereeds which we know to be false; yet 
it would bo an incalculable ertl if thoy were deprived of those ereeds, 
without receiving snjthiog better iu their pinc'i*. The inhabitants of 
a certain small island, known by the nickname of Himsbire, believe, 
I am told, that they are tbe very cream of the world. They vxclium, 
"tiimshire, with all thy hulls we lore thee still 1" They think that 
Dim&hiro could, if it Hkod, rule the nuuu ; and that after the decay of 
ether nations IJimshiro will flourish, great and free, the dread and envy 
of them all. If the effect of these opinions is to make the Bime more 
energcUe and reforming than they would otherwise be, it would be a 
poor service to Ifintshire to prove to its inhabitants, ui the clearest 
way, that other nations possess nearly as much virtue and talent as 
they do themselves. Indeed, to take a more limited circlo, everybody 
knows families which have been much benefited by the belief that there 
never were nich poople in the world as the Browns, or Joueseu, or 
Riiliinitonii. It id a good tluug that a man should Bfllok by his broUxer, 
even whou his brother has bcvu convicted of picking pockets ; and if his 
fraternal aflccUoa is kepi ap by the beliet thiA \)a% \vi!K.^v^uti. Sa «» 



pcrTcct clmracter in spito of his little riuliDgs, vq need not bo kx) 
UUU1OU8 to dUpel «o pleasant aa Ulusiou. Bat this do«8 not prore thit 
we might not bo nt odc« wmt and butttur, that wo might not get rid of th« 
illusion without iiacriljciug tho good foeliug. We have been placed for 
good or for evil in a ooHain small island and brought iuU> tha rIoMct 
conuectitm with its inlubitAota ; wo may Buroly be profouodly aitachal 
to them and willing to devote oar lives to their improTemcnt withoot 
belioiiug that ihay aro one bit better or cIcTorar than their otogh- 
hours. Being an KoglishmoQ, I recognize tho duties which nij posittoo 
imiKifWFt npou me, and am jet satisfied that Enjjlitthmen are foil 
of the grovsest faults and stupidities. X don't think that thej tn 
in any seriouB degree tho superiors of any of the nations with whiah 
thcgr come in coatact ; bnt practically, it may be, I wonid do aa 
rnucb to improTo them as those who talk the greatest nunsonso aUrat 
their supposed good qoalities, and ecpecially, I ahonld bo wtlUod to do 
them the prorerbially miplcasant aerrice of expoaing their faolta; hot 
whenever I comu in contact with any specially notorious evil, I am pat 
down with solemn appeals to local self-goTemmont, or the Itritish Cooati- 
totion, or the interests of this great empire, or some other idol to whiek 
we have been acenstomcd to pay a blind reverence. I am bottod to swear 
by every abusr. and tu dofoud every possible miaooodoct at home or 
abroad, so long as it can be brought under one of these sacred principles, 
or be dMcribed as, in some sense, tho net of ilie colk-ctive people. Xhia 
is the obligation which I altogether repudiate, for the simplo reason thai 
we know, as clearly as we know anything, that nciUiur oar institutioDS 
nor oar character aro, as a whole, butter than those of our neighbotat. 
Tho duties which aro imposed upon us in tho name of patriotisu Diigbt 
he urged, with at least tqosS force, on the groand that we are Bpoci«I|7 
stupid and immoral ; and tbongb I consider swh an assertion In to as 
erronooua as its opposite, 1 uhould not try to bowl down anybody who 
made it. Wo Nuifer gnevonnly fmm a HuppoHed necessity of omniAcienoa 
in sooh matters. The number of peoplo who can really form any judg- 
Ttwul as to ibo comparative meiits of £ngUsh and foreign nations migbt 
be reckoned almost on one's fingers. The number of )>• ^ke 

the most cotitident nnd dogmatic aasortioDs about it, au<. -A 

iiuf are specially virtaoas for bo doing, is almoat iucolculuble. Of ail 
European eonntriea England ia probably that where tlie most utter leno- 
ranoe prevuls as to the history, stslistics, institntioDS, and politirs of a^ttiy 
other country- ; and, ' I don't see the \ iitue of cl. ;ui 

which coo only be v< ' i iL-liited ty an amount of 'm\' .■<:h 

is K-oreeiy within human capacity, and most nncfjmvocally UtxhkI oar 

A CYm<\ 



jSb nmro chi :in n, 

chapter iv. 

Thi " Last Fmckeh op Natiohauty." 

; WIS a moment of exultatioD in Irelnnd. uilcr Mr. Gratton'a ancc6Bs(hl 
ftSMiiioii oi th« iiati<:>DiU claimi), that was little ebort of iQtoxicatioo, anil it 
was tuider Uie iuAaeoco of litis Dia^diiDin^ ciciUimtuiL spning fortb thnt 
passion for Invish and cosUy cxpeudituro, that boundleee hoapilalilv, and 
that reckless mode of Uviag wbkh first emhnrnisaed, smd tben ruiaed the 
chief forttuies of the land. In splendonr of equipage, in ptinoelj' enlor- 
toinmentiit in dreta, and in rotintio gcueraily, Dublin eqoallad any oi^ of 
Europe. Caniagce with six borecs were the Iksbion of the day, and 
as many as thirty each eqoipagea have been counted ou Lbe ercDtng drivo 
of the "Curcnlar Iload," as the modish promenade was then called. The 
Cciurt of the Viceroy was more than the rival of St. James's in toilette and 
beauty, wbilu society took a pride in shoniug that, besides more material 
ditfplay, there wore cltnrnrteritttics of wit and agreoability which could not 
be gnrposscd in the richer country. 

Ecceuu-icities of every kiud were in rogue, aa thongli men were bent 
on the display of traits and habits as unlike ai posiiblo to Lbe graver 
ways and tastes of Kni^laud ; rush and ubKurd wagnrs wore peculiarly the 
iosbiuD : and Buck Wbolley, aa ho was called, made bia colebrnted bet to 
walk to Jonisalom ; and Beaucham Bogenal astonished Europe by a retinue 
that eclipsed many of the petty pciztcee of the Continent, and by a seriei 
of extiavngancoa thai made him famous throughont Europe. Be fought a 
Royal Doke ; courted on Infanta ; intoxicated a Doije of Venice ; carried off 
■ noD irom an Italian convent; ending his exploits nith a duel, in which 
be disarmed the Brsl swordaman of Paris. Were not the«e traits enough 
to eudeiu- him to hiti conntr^mcu and give him all the popularity that 
Ireland could bestow ? especially when, returning to his native land and bis 
paternal estate, be declared that the world had nothing to compare with 
his own country, and added patriotism as a member of Parliament to 
luH t»thcr virtues I 

It was from this rash and gcrterotiely impulsive man came the well- 
known project to confer on Heury Urattan bome great mark of natioDat 
gratitude- Uis motion was, " That a committee should bo appointed to 
eonsidef and report what sum the Irish Parliament should grant to build a 
fiuitablo mansioui and parchuse on eetuU} for tliQix gt^ftX ^^Vnw." 





It is not &axy, m \ha alLered ooDdition of our ovn UmM. to imagioe 
period v)i«n 8uc-h a project was heard with noithor astooiabmonf nor op; 
flitioii. Neither the gaardiaos of the public purse nor Ifao tAx-paying pco 
had reached that carafdl reg&nl for uatioaal expeDditure which years 
costly yrwr ajii lavish wasta are sure la impross. Ireland had bat one thought : 
how to be generous eiiou)jh io the most exalted and ablest of her pairiota ; 
and tho Parliament, tn this case, woi; the truest exponent of the ualioo, 
Kotliing, however, can give a mora adsquate notion of the ferroiir which 
carriud men along in public life, and mode OTery move and vnaj net 
Tibrnte with the enthusiastic teniper of the times, than the fact tlial, when 
the Tote eamo to be considered by tho House, the Viceroy — the I>ake of 
Portland — commisBionod a member of his household to offer, as put of iha 
intended grant to Mr. Grattan, " The Viceregal palace in the Pboroix Vi 
to be setUed on Kr. Grattan and hia heirs for ever, as a suitablo resl< 
for 60 meritorious a person." 

It has been often remarked that English officials in Ireland become so 
imbued with the fcrrid spirit and impetuotis character of the peopis 
amongst whom they are sojouniiug, that tbev actaally sarpaas the natrvea 
in feats of exlravagaueo nod eccentricity ; but what shall wo say of moh ■ 
project AS this, when the representntivo of royalty offers one of tho Kiqg't 
palaces as a gift to a subject, for no more ostensible reason than that tbs 
nme| man bad persisted in. a flna opposition to the Uinistcro 
Cro\m, anil actually achieved a great pohtical success over them ? 

There thns began that race for popularitv between the Goti 
and the patriotic party, which is not without its teaciiiug to us 
prcHeut da}' : tho Ministers trying to outdo tho Oppo&itiou iu ooBeeesiooi. 
and willing to peril great interests if they coald only, by doing eo* disparagS 
ttud disconcert their opponents* 

It became a contest l)ctween the Crown and the pcopb npon which 
should devolve the right of rewarding uion eminent for patriotism asd 
ability : the Chief Becretaiy for Ireland declaring that this wan' DM 
of the most cherished of the royal prerogatives, and that, for his part, 
be would have wished the honour might have come directly Oom the 
hand of the Sorercigu; but, he added: "I will )-ii>ld no relDctant or 
snllen asaoot ; as the man was nnpreeodeoted, so was the occasion 
there coold never be a precedent where so little likelihood of remmcoi 

In this rivalry mncb of the enthosiasm that bad snggectad the 
evaporated, and, by the iutenontion of Sir. Grattan *s friends, the sum was 
amended to ono'half, which was immediately votod by the House ; and 
though CoRj daDOODoed him afterwards, in that memorable altercation in 
which iusnU and irony rench>nl their climax, as "the " 
who accepted ono hundri'd thimrmnd for his services, i . 

prompt payment," thero never was a less merited aaroasm, oa neanl 
hoooor or integrity. Kever was the gratitude of a people more 
auikttdr^ACW mete ercditably or vitely bestowed I 


:taat or 
on, nn^^ 




Tb«re was, howerer. jiut that amooot of snoccRS b CAnnng diruion 
in the ontiou&I party which so^tgeAted to tbo Viceroy tlie policy of pnden- 
Touriug, by Boeiitl atlL'iiLiim und distinction, to win olliai to the eidc of 
the (3oTenim«Dt. 

The Ouile beenme now the sceD9 of nnit-onted hoapitalities ; Iho r«cnp- 
■UoQs being more frequent and more hnUiant than ever. The siM'iii) R)iiiraet^ 
of the Iriiih, and a certain fondalinm in the teniperament of the niiLioa, 
roQjIered thorn peonliarly occesaililA by the courteaias and ntt4*DtioBB of 
rank, and, as tt was a period when ladies euroJMd a very considerable 
influence in public life, tliese Ticeregal auxeniUea met with a marked nncReda. 
To countiirbalanca, in Bomo meaeore, their effect, the Opposition chieffl 
were ubUgud to launch forth into » rival splendour, and thus Dablin 
attiiined an amount of briUianey and life not to be eqoalled by any city of 
the 1^6 ma^tude. If the entertainments of the Court Rmpafliied all others 
in spleDdoiir and magnifiuoiioo. the privnta parties of the capital were' 
unapproachable, as regards the briJliaDt tone of the eourersation and tb« 
Attic spirit that pervaded them. 

The Bar of Ireland — ever the centre from which radiated all that was 
biilliutit or eloquent in the land' — funued the atJiple of a Huciety luogularly 
gifte^I and fosciDatiog, and gave the impniso to that taste for oonversational 
excellence which maintained its iufioeace through Baececding generations ; 
and tbooi^ ouly mouldering in its aahes now, occftsiomiUy astonishes the 
Btntiit^T by diKptnyfl of flashing brilliiuicy that may well excite the mind in 
rvcalJing a time when there " were giants in the land." 

A great deal of the epigram, a conaiderable share of the wit of tUa 

le, was e\-idcntly elicited in attack or lampoon of the Government, 
hoM unwieldy &ttem|)ts to seduce men to the national party oxcitetl the 
mreasm and sOeers of their oppooents; and, as curtaiuly the Imbuioe of 
iatf^Ilectiial vigour in the Houso inclined to the side of the Opposition, tli0 
Ministerialists were not supposed to lie on a bed of roses. 

AmoD|^ the GoTomment partisans, however, was one very remarkable 
man, the celebrateil Doctor Pngenan. Ho wa^ a man of very humble 
OiigiD, the SOD of a parish-clerk, who obtained a sizarsbip, and snbBotjiiently 
a Rcholanhip tn Trinity College. Ho rose from rank to rank at the bar 
till he became Judge of the Prerogative Court, his whole career being 
marked by the uiuhI stremious opposition to the Catholics of Ireland, an 
Opposition on which ho iavishod powers of abuse and invective the uumt 
violent, displaying, at the same time, abihtieei for contniveray so marked^ 
and learning so varied and profound, that nothing but the oatrogooua 
eboraeter of his ohampiouthip could have rendered his hi^er gifts so com- 
paratively valuelcmi. 

If ho bad little of the lo^eal terseness of Swift, or of that incisivQ 
ttWftftn that ho aho<uuded in, he had no small shore of the coarser wit of 
Ibc great ButlHst, and ho was his eqaat in boiptf-rous invective and paaaiout* 
abase. A more ablo or a more imliscreet Hupjiurter uo ndministroiioB ' 
trar poasMsad. Ha wns, howev«r, nn(!,\i, mk%!UAtDs&!iA'^'ca%v «^ 

auiuftuageable, and his Tioleuoe booame at last so huitfitl and 
compromiHing to bie partj, that iiis death was rather a relief than 
dulrimcut to the GoTemment. 

Tbore aever wiia a tuno, perhaps, in which political rivalry and P>utj, 
auimofiity ran higher : lioleot Bpeeohoe, pamphlets, pasqwaades, 
e]>ignuD abouDd(^d, and, as a coDseqnenoe, hostile meetings wero 
evory-dajr occorreuce. The altercations in the House irere freqnentj; 
decided in thu "llftoeii acren," and there was n thorough anderstaD' 
of the exact point at which invective should cease and the '* pistol 
eoDie in. 

There was not, strange to saj, mnoh real or lasting enmitj oiler ibcM 
p&Ksage« of hostility. There waa a great generodtjr abroad, and there 
Was, thani ia no denying it* do fimnll laxity in regard to principle. I 
Lave beard men sneehDglv remark that had the modem pn^cisiun iu ums 
existed, there bad been less of that npirit of combat, but I do not faelieTe 
this. I uiu fully convinced thai the habit of these moelongs — the nun 
frcqncDcy— hod eteolcd men on the niibji3ot ; and as the conmqnelioo o( 
anything like relactanco to go out would have been snch irrotrievoblo 
min, it was a far lighter alternative to stand the shot tban show the 
white feather. 

That men who had stood face to tnco at twelve paces to-day should be 
arm in ann witbin a week niter was not at all impossible ; and it is tcid 
of Cony, after his memorable dad mth rattan, when lying sick and 
wounded io a darkened room, he was once visited by a fi-iend, who. after 
a few inquiries abont his lieattb, gradually entered on tlie cause of the 
qoarrol, anil unconscioasly diverged into some very condemnatory remarks 
on Grattso, bis late antagonist. Corry stopped him at once with a goetors 
of caution, and whispered, " Hnsh, take care, Ueniy" (Ucnry Grattan ho 
meant) " is there, on the foot of the bed ; he bas never left me sioce 
happened, and the poor fellow is worn ont with watching, and just fall 

off to sleep/' 

Snch modes of acting and thinking, however favonrably they might 
oonstniod by the Celtic iuti^Uigcnco, were so arcrso to all Knglish notkma, 
nnd babits, that they impressed the mind of thu greater nation with av 
dcpreciatur>- vstimale of the Iriahnuui, which, unhappily, time has not sin 
hoen able to modify in any great degree. Thoro could not be but one 
opiuioo as to Irish qoickneaa of perception and rL^ady-witlodnesfl. The 
Irishman's ebqueitM. displayed in erety brilliant furm, his faeils expreflnoo, 
his logical cleamees, his prompt illustration, were all nniiii&«tioual>l<) ; 
was it one stylo alone, but in every variety of oxcullcncc, from 
grandioio fulness of Burke to the varied imagarr and ornate brilUaDcy of 
tiratina. Thai Ihit Irish House was, In the of its d> ' 

worthy hral of St. Stephen, could not be doul ' • ru wis, 1: 

to Eogliab appreciation at least, a vani of dignity to public life, 
wore too Tols4iIe, li' ' >^ wero uoua of the Rsci ^ ' 

«nft; and, ahore .. ^ronti to make aeMUr> 

ico, „ 


ifn^stiotiB of porsoDiU hononr, and to etake life or Umb on iBsoes which 
ought to hare been dcciiJed on groandB of argument. 

Tha Celtic inipuIfiivfuesB is not, perhaps, a voryParfiamentary (jnalitj, 
ani roqnirefl to bo freighted by tluit tnoru pfalogmfttac And calculotiuffj 
«I«iqudI wliiirh UnrmB the etttplo of the £n(;lish uatorer Tbo firal evidonM i 
of Uiu different spirit io wbich Iho two Hoitacs would U-eat the same 
leosuro was givea on the quoitton of tbo Boguunr. 

Tbo British ParliamcDt hod decided that tbo Prinoo sboold exoreiso B 

it«d and roRtriBtcd pofmr during the itiuew) of tho Kiu^. Tho Irish 
louso, not cBiTiod a«rRy, as Bomo opiucd, by any aocots of loynlty to tha' 
'Crown, DOT moved in any degree by the emorgoacy of Mr. Pitt, who aaw 
all the danger thai might accrue to his party from the acceaaioD of the 
^Prince to power ; but cHofly actuated by tbo desire to aeaert tboir iudo* 
adenoe, nud on a maUer which could not involvo their loyalty iu any 
jspicion, moved and carried an address to the Prince, declarinf; biiu to 

iho Begeot of Ireland in as fall, ample, and anqaalified a manner as 

enjoyed by his lather : " To exercise all legal powers, jonsdictioo, aod 
Breroj^tire to the Crown and the Qovcnuncnt belougiog tboreto." 

In the Comnioiis this passed without a division. Id tho Lords^ vhoro 
it was moved by Lord Oharlemont, it was carried by forty-five over 
twca1r^--Bix Tot«fl. 

lliero is an anecdote connected with this decision, which is so fiu 
wnrth rccuUtng thnl it exemplifies not merely Burke's readiness in a 
"mot," but coriouBly illastrates his tmae^uaiDtance with the usages of 
oourtly Ufe. 

A short lime afler tbo Irish doputntioo hnd waited on tho Prinre to 
eonvey tho rote of the Parlmmetit sitting in Dublin, Bnrko was first 
honoured with an invitation to dine at Oartton Honse. Bis Koyid High- 
Dcss — than whom no one ever poeeemied more social tact, or that {teculiar 
fiunilty of faseinaLion by mero manner — prolonged tho after-dinner sitting 
to n lato hour, m much so, that much of tho restmint of a royal presenea 
was withdrawn, and a tone of easy jocolority and fi-eedom prevafled. 
Edmund Curke, who was HtndiouFily careful not to commit anyUiing like 
a breach of what ho deemod might bo courtly t^tiquotto, watched keenly 
for what miglit indicate the proper moment to withdraw, and Heeiug, as he 
thought, a suggestion to this oflect, iu on' accidental delay in tbo passing of 
the decanter, ho made a gesture of rising from his sent. The Prince 
caught tho mavemeoi at cnou, and cried out, ** No, no, Mr. Dnrkfi^ we 
ore going lo have anotiier bottle." 

Borke rcsnmed his plaoo with a deep bow, saying, " Certainly. Your 
Doyal llighneas iajure dt vino. Wo have declared it as a nation." 

cdapteb v. 

Thk Debate ok the U.sion. 

Tax ■hamelcgs nsseriion Uutt " the robcllion of *06 vfts prcmoU^d 
Mr, Pitt to ennble him to carnr- tbs UoioD." needa no contndioti 
Btill, it must be admitt«d that the Atrociti€>8 of that insorrectian semd 
make many paitisans to thu measuru who cioiild oot roadtJy Imto been 
cflrrupt«ii by bribery or cigolod by flattery, for it woold seem one of Uw 
traditluuiil inuifortnneH i>f Injlaod to be mlod less by the dietat«« of 
BtatoHnunship and jn8tic«, than by r^ard to iome puaiog emergeacy ; and 
as t^a rebels detenuined the Union, ro, iq a degree, the Fenums ham 
dcmolisbod the Church. WbJlo pamphtoti; euvulati^I, cud artiL'Itis &xim 
newspapers appeared, setting forth all the advantages that most aoanu> b> 
Ireland from a legislatiTe onion with En^and, and while the Meiit 
neehanism of cormption was at full work, inflnencing this man by offers 
of title, and that, hy high place, Sir Johu de lllaqiiiere, afterwards Lord da 
Blaqniero, originated the novel idea of n clob, OTery member of wfaieb 
should hold himself ready to provoke to mortal combat any of the Oppo- 
sition whoso eloquence or whose zciil might render him an obstacle to the 
Govenuuent. It was assumed that the spirit of the national party 
randered this a mere measnre of self-protection, and the olub aceordllngly, 
to the Dumber of thirty odd, dined together each day, to talk over tbor 
plana and concert their mode of action. 

It mnst be remembered that the tone of the time did not allaoh to 
such a conepiraoy any peculiar fecliog of horror. Duels were of eveiyday 
occorrooce, and a man's candidature for a club was always tested by tb« 
question, *' Did ho blaze ? " i.f. bad he foaght ? The verv levity with vhieh 
men iliHROHied the theme wa» a fasliiooable affcetalion, and when Cttrran was 
found under the hands uf his hairdresser at an eatly hour of the monung; 
and undergoing all the laborious proeosa of being corlcd and powdared, 
axplanatiou was he " was dressing for tho Provost'fi ball," in reali 
aboat to meet &tr. UatchinsoD, the Provost of Trinity Collect in axai 
combat at the I'ha.'oix. Another mot of his ou the snme Hiibjcrl in v 
unworthy of being remembered. It was on the occasion of hi*t dual wtUi,' 
Egan, the cbainnan of Julmainham. £g&o, as the lEgiired party, was 
allowed to have tht.i first shot. He fired and miaeed, and then. tunui«g 
around, exclaimed, "My bonoor is satialied," and was nboat to walk 
awny ; butOornm cried ont, " Wait one moment. 1 mean to have a aboi 
at 'yotir booonr,' " which be did to some purpose, plautiu^' h bullelj 
hovvTOr. a not rery fatal pari. 

The Irish countiy gentleman, who cxplaiucd tho poasiiig lu^ m 
pistol'ifaootmg **bsc«teeho bnd adiuner-party on thai evoning," was 
no SKaggcration of the temper of tho time ; nor was a storr of w: 
numoiof tho acton are still fresh in my memory, but which, (rum tv*\ 
ihcir desoendants, I refiaiu to (^aote, in any way revolting Ui tha spirit 



tb«daj. Avrell-kaown silk-gown altho tar excused hiiUBeir from accepting 
n cbftIkDg6 on the pica tbat his life vras insured for t«D tboiuaud poonda, 
nntl it vu his bo1>> provinoD for tdfi familj, which would ho forfbitod if he 
ouno bf hta death iu a dael. "TeU him," said his uitagotdtit, — Btneo 
that a jiiilfio, — "that I'll gire him n mortgagoon m>ostatc for the monoT^ 
uid lot him * come oDt ' vith an easy heart." 

John ToW, afterwards Lord Norhury, who wn« eaid to have " shot ap " 
to rmiacnce in the Hoaao by his readiness with the pistol, gave n pecnliar 
force and sigaificoDce to those perwnudities in which he was o master. 

" We must sot John Xoler at him," was Lord Castlereaf^h's romark 
whoD a member of the Opjtofiitiou had made himself UDU»ually ol)tioxious 
to the Government ; and ceitainly n willingocsa to " go out " was a oooes- 
sary <}Qalitj to aoj man who aspired to rank as a dobiiter. If we lorn to 
the names of those who foaght, we shall find cot alone the leaders of 
party and the eminent men who followed thum, but all Ibo law officers 
of thu Crown, tbo judges of the laud, the Lord ChaDccllor himself, and 
the ProTUflt of the Uuivoreily, who, it might be thought, should hare 
been the first to giie a Icssoa of temper and conciliation to the youth of 

Political aoimoeity rose on the question of the " Union" to a height 
which it hod never before attained in the laud. Xot alone were the old 
(rieudships of youth serered, bat fiuuilios were broken up by party hatreds, 
Mid brother separated from brother. All that kindliness and good feeling 
which had once perraded and, in fiict, distinguished the public life of ^ 
Ireland, were gnue, and iu thdr place distnist, diKlike, auil rancour hod 
succeeded. Never wt^re the debates bo personal or so malicious, and 

iver wore the speakers more bent on provoking their opponents. If 
ihero happened to be a flaw in a man's political career, « stain on his 
eouRiaicucy, or a donbt of his Rincerity, it woe sure to ba paraded now in 
the most oBensive colours. The groat question whether Irchuid was to 
maintain or surrender for ever what gave her the semblance of a nation 
was nt stake, and men, in discussing it. were forced to display the passions 

hioh were fitshtoning their own destinies. They who embarked their 
^IbTtanes with the stzonger eoontry wore uot hIow to asperse the civilization 
of the land they wore leaving, and there was no scorn too bitter or too 
deadly to be utlered by those who stood by the sinking ship of Iriali 
nationality] determined to sink w*ith her when she went down. 

The most barefaced corruption was practised, and the terms by which 
this or that nun's odhesoo was seeorud were discassod openly, not only 
in society, but in the oowspapen. On what authOTify, it is, of coarse, 

ot easy to say, but the journals affected to know the T&riotis negotiations 
Secretary, Mr. Cuuk, was o&gagud in. and how far be had failed in this 

luartor or succeeded iu that. In moet bnainess-liko fashioD, too, would 

ley inform their readers bow the ncgutjaliuns between the Gorcmmcnt 
Ur. Fox were proceeding favoorably, or how Ur. Trench had stipu- 
Uted for terms which Ixtfd Costleresgh could not feel wunxkU^. *»& ^'m.^'^ 


mib, nnlesa in tbd t'-veni of a pressnro not ydl onticipatAd. Kftttumll 
many of tiiese ftspersious vrero mcro libfls, vrhleh the BmaUeBt 
of A fact often safficcd to originato ; bul ihoy had Uw effect of keeping 
tlio ptibliti mind of tho conotrj in a stato of irritatioD and suFpicIoD 
was poBitivcly miiddeiang. 

It was on a bright morning >n Jftonar^, 1799, when a sharp frost 
tbo preceding night garo a crispocsB to tho air and made tbo streota 
DubUn unosaiUly cleau nnd fresh, that the inbabilaolB wok astir at 
early boor, crowding all the thoronghfares tlint led lowarda CoUogo Grc^ 
vhero tbo Parliament House stood, and where, on that daj, the faUj 
Ireland as a nation was to be determinod. Nothing that partj zeal 
devotion conld do wns neglected on either aide. Expresses were oent o! 
in evoty qnartor to sommon adherents, and at the varions stalioos when 
post-horses were to be fonnd, wer« tho cmissahes to bo fonnd bidding in 
rivalry against each other to sccnro prioi-itj on the rosd. If the Gorere- 
metit possessed argument!! on the score of corruption and bribery tfaiU 
cjirried their weight with many, the national sentiment was ononiiDoasIjr 
against thorn, and few snpportors of the Ministry had ooorage to sport tho 
blae colours of their party, and they harried through the towns and 
Tillages at the Inll speed of tlicir postors, while the green ribbon of tha 
Opposition was hailed with cheers that seaioely died oat at one slatioa 
till they were cnnght ap by the next. 

It is seldom that a great political qnestion can so appeal to the nzidfr* 
atandings of a whole people as to make them ardent partisans, in a aetM 
BQperior to that which attaches men to indi^-idual leadont. Baefa, hovsTer, 
vas the case hore. It was not of Lord Castlorcagh, nor Mr. Code, nor 
even of the dearer names of Flood and Orattao, or Fonsosby, tbe pMpld 
were now thinking; their minds were bent opon tho thotight whether 
Ireland waR to bn a nation and Dublin a capital, nr wht>lher thpy vrnro to 
pink fur ever to the humble condition of n prOTinco, dosortod by all that 
gave splendour and distinction to the land, and poUticnUy to be of len 
woi^ than an English county. 

If tho newspapers bad not oxhibiled much delicacy and forbearnueb 
in disctisuing the npgoUation, real or supposed, twtn-nrn tbo GoTonuniiit 
aud the various Members who wcro regarded as their supportera, Uw 
pctiple at largo were not slow in remembering and retuling tbe Bcasdali 
tbal they thus ocqaind, and many n Ministorial adherent had to listen 
to much nupalatublc comment nu bis charactor oa his earriago proceeded, 
at a foot-pace, throogh tho crowded streets on that oventfol morning. 

" Come, Mr. Massy, yon wcro paid thu morning; give ub a tonponny* 
Lit to drink yoar health." '* 8ac«efl8 to yon, my Lord Ely ; h'« yonrMK 
Dindo tho liard bargain, and it's a credit to ns all. Yon dii' 
coaotry too cheap." *' Three cheers fur Sir ^"illiam, buj'v ; I 
to bo a pMr whvn there's lo bo no lords at alt" ** Bo's now-com»- 
(Xow-comoo), and he'll toon go ont," criod unolher. "I' 
pmao Qmiy, boys ; bow moch did tbey mark ou yonr Li , 





Ya'ttt oonnse] for tho Crown, ye kaow." "Ay, for Ih^ half crown, loo," 
orkd ttuother, amidst ehoaU of detiaive Unghtar. Bock and such liko 
were the coarteiiei of tlio mob throagh vhioh the strngglin^ mombors 
made tiictr wav to Uia House, suiue i>f Uium hy do means sorrj that tho 
msuUeslMtiouR weut no fnrUi«r than coarse jcsUogB. 

Thoogh the Uoiuo met at five o'clock, there wera bat few liembera 
in their plaeee. The greater uamber congregated in the lobbies in eamest 
confab itlntinn, and groups of six or seven wore soon to loiter ooteide tho 
walU, iindt>r the colonnade, conferring eagerly together, and at timoa 
spoaking vrith what aeemed passiooate ezcitemenl. Theeo knots vera 
ongurly watehed by tho crowd, and being alvnjs of the "national " I^arty, 
tbcy were obsotred with all the sympatby and respect of tho b3r9tandcrK, 
iiuiimuch that even a decorous silence was maintained by tho mob 
around, as thoogh thoy would not disturb the consultations of thonc vho 
were Irienda to Ireland. Another strange trait marked Uiis rude gathering 
of moD whoae looks and dress clearly bespoke them of the lowest class of 
tho oily, and this was the ooorteous manner in which they made way for 
Ibe ladies, who had to desoend from their carriages near the gate of the 
college and proceed on foot to the entrance of tho " House.'' 

&lauy of those wore llio wives or connexions of men belonging to tlie 
GoTerament party, and eo far obnoxions to tho national sentiment; bnt 
in no case wore they molested, nor was a mde word or a coarse speeeh 
nttored as thoy passed. Thai chivalrona respect for ladies which the 
gotitlemen of the time observed so fmitbfnlly, had evidently flllorcd don-n 
into humbler orders of the community, and was even found ia the vcir 
bimibloBt ; and this good breeding, bo it remembered, was observed at 
B tlnifi when the splendour and extxavaganoe of femalo dreia had attained 
it£ sommit, and when oontrasta with the rags of misery were not micom- 
monly the themes tho small ncwspapeni of the capital delighted in. Btill, 
as the costly Telvots and mstling brocades brushed past, nut a murmur 
of disconlrait was heard, and a tile of conrtjors could not have exhibited 
n more polished deferuneo and respect than that molluy crowd of ragged 
and ATetcbcd men. Onco only was tho stillness broken ; thoro was a low 
murmur of admiring delight as the Secretary, Cook, made way for Lady 
(.'listloreagh to pass, and it ahnosl became a sort of cheer as that qnocnly 
beaaty swept by, her pale &ce heightcoed iu ila charm by the slight (lash 
which the sittmtion. or tho coming event, had ovokcd. 

There ia not a land in Knropo in whirh personal attractions have the 
same charm for the people, or oxort the itame tuflaence aa tn Ireland. 
No rancour of party, no rioleocu of sect, can withstand the influences of 
Boauty. The old Greek leaven thus lingers in the land, and tempers the 
mtturea tried by many a hardship, aud soared by many a Rorrow. What 
ahnre their religion and tbi^ir Murinliitry have in Ibis Kcotinient I leave 
to others to specnlate on. 

It wufl seven before Uie debate was opened, and even then, such was 
the bostle of oaovoM that bHU w«nt torwaxd Vn l,]^!^ corr^tynv^ «^0&. 


exoitod sound of voices without, thai it was onlj after scvtavl eaJb 
order thst stlenoo was enforeed. 

" And it is this bear-garden," muttdred Lord Oastlereagb to Gentttl 
Lake, who eat beside hinii " wbotie eiiHtenee wo are now abont Id. 
contend for." 

The words were orarfaeard, and taken down in penoil. and bandsd 
George PonsoDby. to be made nse of in Ms 8po«eit. 

Mnny who had boon absent on the first debate woro now present, and 
the llouHe was cmwded in every part. In the gallery wero all th 
Bnblin contained of fashion and boanty, arrayed, an tbdr costom^s 
coloura showed, not merely as speclators, hot as sealoas partisans ; 
oa the hack b^nnbes the fltndenta of Trinity, eager and exritcd watcliOTs 
a eceno which was to decide, in a great laeasiiro, the whole fhtnro of Iheir 
own careers. Never wore tho varioos elcnmnts of society mora clonly 
thrown together than in that aasembiage, which waited with hreathksi 
aoxiuLy for the debate to begin. The int«nBe anxiet}' was inoraased, toe, 
by Iho unfuruiuty which prevailed as to the opinions of many who bad 
not boon present at Uie previons debato, bnt wore now soon within tiw 

" How is Dick Qnin going?" " What will Charles Osborne do 
" Is Frank U'Kamara safe ? " were buzzed about in whispers, and 
fiieoa of men were scanned with a sonitJoy that seemed to imply that 
fidelity or their treachery could not be concealed &om view. 

" Look at Boss Mahoo," mottered one ; <' did yon ever eeo a macMH 
nerroas ? " 

'* Welt he may be. He come down hore with Marous Beresfonl ; wai 
wo know what that means." 

" Biugham looks happy enough, at all eveuts. Uo has made kit 
bai^in, and likes it." 

"There's tho ' Uight Uonoorablo * bnstling in now. Wfaenerar, 
bits tliat fighting faee on it means treachery." 

This was iiaid in reference to tho Htgbt Hon. Denis Pruwn, who 
as well known by his tiUo of Friry CvnuciUor as Wellington by his 
designatioD of " the Doke." 

In a counto' arhare every pohUc man was woU kuuwu, cot nieri>ly at. 
a poUtician or a party leader, but in every oircnmetanee of his prim 
liftf, and in every detail of his fortnno, it wonld bo impossible to 
bis cormption, if he once had sloopcd to traffic for his hosour. 
audi a man bad paid off bis morti^age or redeemed his bond, that mefc 
another was abont to finish tho Imiiding of the bonso that had stood fa^ 
complsted for years, that this nuui's brother was to ba the saw bisliop, 
ernl ibnt other man's & was to be a judge, very (juiakly nie- 
pared tbo world for the fact ou vliieh side of tha House ho wo 

Corruption was very barefaeod, not oi^y b«aaiu» U mi 
bnt thatt coDcealmoDt being impoeiibleb man book to 



IjArfralnH wttb b 6ham«]c»a effroDtcn-, all tho more fiinco n contidcrAlilo 
Kum bad becu volad by Uie EDglish Uoasc ooilcr Uie mtmo itf " cumpea- 
sntion " for tba loss which mctubers might ioeur in the forftiiturd of their 
horou^h iuUrfstD ; aut} this kigolizcd bribery bocftmo a pretext for numf 
uorv quefeliuDoble dualiogs. 

Tho dobat«, (ram its v&ry op«ning, tthowed that a Bpiril of pentanat 
dofinitce wna nbrond. and that men intended to cut}- tho purpose of their 
voids beyoDd the walls of the Huusc. Lord CiutUrcagh himself was 
attiidicd by fiv n; in turn, ami with n savage acnmuDy that was 

uub<)ilttiu({ a il'ji '. >t asBeiiibiy. The Tiolent touc of those personali- 

ties vtas HQdh Uml tho speech of Bir John ParoeU, ndinimbly rensone^ and 
lojpciil 08 it was, sl-oiucU weak, tamo, and spiriUeas after those aagry and 
insiiltbg denqncintioDH which men kuow could only be replied to on the 
field. Ocurt^'e Funsooby's attack on tho Minister was all tho more 
lUtuuiidiug as Doug hml ever suspected what intonsiu power and pasfiion lay 
uudar the ordinary oitorior of his gentle, placid onturc. Sarc&s.iu and 
iruay were cortmuly Dut expected from hiiu, and yet liipse were as much 
ftt his couimaiid ns fervid dcniincintioQ and indiguaot rebuke. 

Cuutcoiptuousty iguoriug the attacks of the previous speakore, Lord 
Castlere-Oj^li liuiiteilljiDiKelf iu Ms reply to Fonsonby'a speech, and for oncei 
nntl only once, ruuHcd and excited by passion ■ ho oatoniiihed thoHouae hy 
the vig<mr ond power of bis reply. Tho defect of coldness and insipid 
longQor which so oAen disfigored his sj>€t'ch('8, wafl no longer to bo 
found. Uo was stang to the i]uick, and he di^^plnycd a fcrtid, flueut 
^lotpiPQco that actaally ulectrific<l tho Ilimse. There whs scarcely a 
Icaduig niao of the 0|ipQgitiou at whom he did not hurl a doilarco, 
luraigaing some act of his political career, and calliu}* in ijaestioQ some 
vote be had gircn. It was pretty plain on what terms the debato was to 
1m coiulucted, and the cheers and couuter-choont declared how each side 
oceopted tlio encounter. 

There woro niaiiy able Bi>cakerH on tho Qoremment benches, ^r 
^Villia^l Smith, in partienlar, distingnisbod himself in maintaining the 
compotcDco of Parliament to deal with the qnestion ; this being the 
very point to which Plunket directeil uU the power of hit) unrivalled 
«' < So exlmiiHtive and cumpleti> wan Ihiti Hpecch, thitt Ihongb 

tu L' oooUuued for hotum afVr, all felt that tbo fatal blow htd lecn 

alrciuly (;iven, and that thun^h racnuiight weaken, they could not possibly 
add to Lbo effect of that, tho greabcet effort of oratory evur heard witliio 
those wallfi. 

Sir Jonnh Bairlnglon baviug, in nn early part of the debato, i^ken of 
tho eomptioa pracUsod by the Oorenimeut, Mr. Cony appealed to Uic 
Sfwoker, " that his words should ho taken dowu." *' Sir," said Ploukel 
" tbfi guatletnen optweite arc men of nici) and puuetilioiiB honour, iind tb«y 
will not ondare auytliing which implU's reSeciiun im their nntaiulcd ut-d 
Tirgin intc'fn'ity. Tbey tbrcat^ncd to take down the words of an hononrable 
gbnthtaiau mIio spuka lK.-fure me bccan^c thoy conrej'Oil lut iuBinnalioD. i 

VOL. ZU.— MO. 122. 'il. 



promued tbcm then that if that (ancy coiitmucd I would icdulge 
the top of their bout. T)o you chooiw to laka do^vn niy worda 
assert thai. wuAk uud wickud us is thu uhjccl propoBod, thu iut:auB 
oiToct it have bocn more nbotniDstile and flagitious?" 

The ineuU to the Chief Becrctary, however, reached its diiniut irhm 
8tutl : — 

** The cxaiiiiilo of the rrimo Uiutstci' of England, itnitjtblo in his 
7ioe8|tiiay deceive the ooblclord. The MiQiator of Engliuid has hiH fit 
he abftudoned in his latter yenre the principle of reform, by prftft'ssin^ wh 
he hfid attaiDod the early conlidciice of the people, ncd tu the vhol 
his potitioalourecrhu has Bhown himitelf htiughty ruid iulmctiible ; bat 
endowed by uRturo wiih o. towcrlug aud tmuscendent iiitoll««l| and (faoTaft- 
ticss of bis resourccB keeps pace with tbomngnificciiec and unboiindedneMi 
of hid projects. I thank God it is easier for the hunouruble geutlcDUB 
ito tmnsfer his ap^wtiKy and his iiiflo1i'n(K> thou Ins eompri'teuKton nod hit 
sagaeity, aod I feel the »Mift*ty of my country iu the wretched feeb 
of her enemy I I cannot fear that the ConBlitution vhieb hiis 
fonnde^l by tbe.viadom of sftRflfl, nud cemented by Iht* Wood of pa 
And heroff), in to be amilteu to the eeutre by tiuch a gi'con and n 
twig as tliis." 

There was a saTago mulignilT in the personality of the eoDela< 
words that stnng Lord Caatlereagh beyond nil endomnrn. 

" I aak yon, are you compctont to transfer your K- 'I'.s 

the French Couni-tl of Vive ilumlred? Can you tra; : 
British Parliament ? 1 answer, Ko. Wbon yon transler you abdiea 
The grant mn«l revert to the people from whom it oripnated. Y 
selves you may exlingnifib, bnt Parliament yon cannot citiogniiili. It 
ithrnncd in the hearts of tbo people. It is enshrined in the C 
''iiou. It is immort^ in the iBbuid which it protects. As well mi; 
frantic anicide hope that the net which desiruys bin miimrable body ah 
|«xtingTUBh hii eteninl sotd I " 

The words with whivb Lord Castlorcagh wound Dp his ^eply will 
klher sufiiriao those irhosc knowledge of parliouientAi^' hinguogv ia limited 
' 1o n bitcr period : — 

*<I reprobate the personalitlea nsed bypmtlemrn in Hub delmle. 
ffprocatc a contest of this nntnre. Bnt if any gentleman <• 
Vdf iigurud by any gentleman on thi<) side of Ihe Uout*c, thci < 
within hia reach, which I am prond to say thora is do one on thcee bench' 
will not willingly oxtcnd to him." 

Cheers and coimtcr-ebcerB followed this flndaciouB dtvUmlion, and fi 
a few miniiteg nolhinR could look lewt like « great dd 

thao that muKti of excited men, wbo with loud Yoiee a:i.i -.: ^ 

■corned carried awnv beyond all Itounds of deeoram and aolFr^^pcet. 

At that tiT Gratlan had uo peal fn U) " 

oeenniug in \. rbe borongb wm ollnred ti: 

The UoreromtDt, faHy alive to the peril of his pnwence in PariLtuwit 



ddfflmd Iho idsno of Uic writ to the latest moment ftUowed br laur, tnd 
vrhon it vm fullj beliercd it moulil W too labu to allow of Gntlan taking 
part in tho debate. Itv Immeoso exerlron, and by an i-xorrise of illegality 
to which Uio Govnrnmcat hud giren tho example, tho election xras held on 
(he very day the wiit orriTod. The voters were tiU ready aod at tiie poll. 
GratUn wns roturoed at oneo, and Wfore midnight was on liin way to 
Dnblin, and actually outt^rud the HonBo at seven in tho oveniug, when tho 
debatti VM in fall discuBsJun. 

G4orge Fonsonby and Arthur Moora rose, and hurriedly quilted theii* 
pl&ecs, and speedily returned, flujjiforting between them the fcoblc fignro 
oi a man waKtcid by illut'ss and bowed down wil.h snUcnng, whoso 
totteriu)^ limbs could scarcely carir him to his scat. As he pasaisd up tho 
irholo Ilouse rose in fiilcnt b(mi&;^e to tho man who bad tonusd, oa it wero, 
from the very brink of the grave to give bis lajst naming to lua countij. 
Mr. Bgan, who hitd h«-en Rpeaking, ceased to address tho HonsOi and 
Oiattan rose with dilliculty and tried to speak; he laitered, bovsTor, and 
feeling himself too weak to stand, be limnlly requested he might speak 

'llio House acceded by a eiy to this offeotiDg appeal, and the old man, 
in tones at first scarcely nndillo, bat which gathered force M ho went on, 
delivered a speech, which in bis days of rigorons power and force bad 
never been snrpassad. B\)r two booia bo htdd the hearers enthralled hy 
a varied eloqnoncc, miraculons to tho.ic who were new to his wonderful 
powers, anil atlccting to all who saw the soiToring condition of the epoaker. 

I'rom the dcfectire reporting of the lime we are, unhappily, not 
pD{isosst<d of any fuithfiil record of this great effuK. bnt &om one or two 
nitiiE»iscs who BUr^ived to within a few years ago, I have heard that such 
was tbo eSlet of tho epeech Ihitl, when be concluded, liOrd Caatlercngh aat 
pale and motionless ft»r souie Rveondn, and Iheit l-cckoning Mr. CorPk' to 
hiui, wbidpered. eagerly, a fow words, and muttered ool " A^jonrnmeul." 
A fierce cry of " Go on 1 Cln on I " fram the Opposition, however, was a 
challenge that could not L>e declined, and Corry rose to reply. Uo moved 
the aiyoornment. The division fi>l]o«-«d, and a majority of forty-two for 
tho Government virtually docldod the fate of Ireland. 


^luritanism anti the Cfeuicb of i?nglan&. 

^mIcs latoly of ProteslonUsm, and liov, «itli iU tlire« uote 
of prcdcstiniitioD, original sin, and jaRtifioattou, il lius }>evu 
avay for throe centuries at St. PauI's wrong words, nnd misund tiii 
eBBenti&l doctrine. And we took PtiritauiBm to gtnnil for ProtoBtnntlaD, 
and addresaod ourselves dirocU>- to tlio Purttaua ; for the PnritsQ chuickct, 
we eaid, soom to exist specially for tho sake of those doctrinfis, otte ur 
more of them. It is tnic, rnany Puritans now profess also the dc 
that it is wickfld to have a cLurch connected ^th the State; but 
is a later inreDtioa, desired to Ktrengthan a Beparation pKrvioi 
made. Wc will notice it in duo course ; but meanwhile, ue «ay 
tlie aim at Rolling forth certain Protestant doctrines purely and int^.'gnll 
is tho main title on which Puritao cliurcfaca rest ttivtr ngbt of existiujj 
"W'tth historic cborcbes. Uko those of Kogland or Bomo. il is, wo hu^ 
otherwise ; these doctrines may bo in them, m»y be n part of thtir 
tions, their theological stock ; but certainty no oui^ will Kay that oil 
these cbarcboB was mado for the express piurposo of upholding thsMi 
tbc«Iogic«l doctrines, jointly or sorcraliy. People are not aecoi 
monnrchistd or repnbUcaDS boeanso they are bom and live ondtr 
monarchy or republic. They avail themselTM of tho esuiblishcd 
ment for those general pnrposes for which gorerameDts luid poltUea 
but they do not, for thti most port, trouble tht-lr heads much about 
iieul&r theoretical principles of goTemmeut ; nay, it may veil bnppcu tl 
A man who Iitcs nud thrives under a mooarohy shiill yot thoorsticalir dl 
approve the principle of monArrhy, or a roan who llrus and thrives 
a republic, the priociples of republicanism. But a man, or body of msi 
who hare gone out of an established polity from zeal fur the principia 
numiirchy or republicuusm, and have Bi-t up a polity of their oim for 
very purpose of giving siiliHfuction to this zeal, arc iu a' false pc 
whi-ncver it shall appear that tho principle from zeal for which thej 
coDRlitoted their separate extBtenco is Dnsound. Prodi^stinariaiiii 
solifidionism, C'dlrinism and Lntheiism, may appear in the IbcoU^y vf 
national or historic Church, charged ever hidco the rise of C\ > 
with the task of developing the inuncnao and complex store of i^. 
tained in Christianity ; a^d when tho stage of doveloprntynt hoa bv4 
raoehcd at which the unsounduoea of prcdcEtiuarinn and snli*^ '-- -- '.- 
baeomcs manifest, they will ho dropped out of the Church 't< 
iibt and her task will remain what tbcy wrro before. Dat wL«D 
from zeal for these dogmas find thoir historic Church nut predwst 
or foUfidiaii «aough for (hem, and joako netr aRSQciatiuns of itictr 

rmuTAMsu AND THE ouuncn ov enol.u{o. 


he (irtd'-'^tioanao or RoliGJiaii ntiFoluU-ly, Ibon, wlieu tlio 
timlerniitiudf tho RSSOCintioDs are iiuJermitiod tou, aud buva 
oiliittr lo own UietiMelvefl without a renson for existing, or to discoTcreoina 
newnTasontDpUeoof tbeolJ. Now, notbingn-bichexistAlikos to b« driTen 
to a strait or tliis kind; socrcrrasaocuitiouwhicl] exists bccaoBO of xeol for 
the dogmas of cIocUod or justification, frUl uaturallj cliog id thcso dojijmns 
loogdf aud luirdtfr Ihao other peuplo. Therufnro vrc In^iiU'd tbo Puritan 
bodies in Uub coaotry as tfao groat slroaghold bore of tliew doelrinoa ; 
and in showing \rhat a porrersion of Paul's real ideas these doctriuM 
romiQooIy caUud Panliuo ar«, ve addresaod ooreekos to the Parilans. 

HqIUiosa ivhospoftk in tbo Puritaua' name 8»y that wo charge upon 
Puritaoism, as a seetariaa pectiliaritr, doctriuo which ts not ool^ tho 
iDevilable rcsnll of so houost iotorpratatioo of tbo wrilings of 8t. Paul, 
Imt whtcli is, t>csides, the crc«d held in common hy Paritane and bj alt 
the cbarches of Christendom, vitb ono insignificant exception. To saddle 
l^oritaniam ia special vriLh this doctrino is, thcj* eay, n pioee of aufairooM 
nbicb has iLs uiotivo iu uii'ro lU-will to PurtLuuism, a doTico which oan 
iqjuro nobody but its anthor. 

Now, we have tried to show that the Furilnns nr« qnile wrong iu 
imagiQiiig their doctrine to bo the inevitable result of an honest interpre- 
tation of St. Paul's writings. That Ibey are wrong we think is certain; 
but so far are wo from being moved, in anything that wc do or say in tbia 
matter, by ill-will to Pnritanism and the Puritans, that it is, on the con- 
tnu-T. jiist because of our bearty respect for them, and from our atronj^ 
eeoito of tbeir raluc, thai wo speak as we do. Certainly we consider tbem 
to be in the main, al present, an obstacle to progress and to true ciriliza- 
lion. But this in bocause tbeir worth ik, in our opinion, Bneh that nut oolj 
inast one for their own sakes wish to see it turned to more advnntage, 
but others, from whom thoy are now separated, would greatly gain by 
conjuiietiou with them, and our whole colIecUvo foreo of growth and pro* 
grasfl be thereby immeasurably increased. Iu abort, our one feeling, 
vrhen we regard them, is a feeling, not of ill-wtll, but of regret at waste of 
power; our one desire is a detiiro of comprL-bL-nsion. But the waste of 
power mu4 continue, and the comprehension is impossible, so long as 
I'luitamam imagines itself to posaoss, in its two or three signal doctrines, 
what it calls lUe iftsprl : so long as it constitntes itself separately on Iho 
plea of fiultiog forth purely tht ft<>*pfl, which it tbuH imagines itself to 
liave seized ; so long aa U jndgos others an not holding //rtt {fosptl, or as 
holding additions to it and variations from it. Xhiii fatal Hlf-rigbteoos- 
uess, gronnded on a falsa conceit of knowledge, makes comprehension im- 
poMiblo; bocaufie it assnmes the possession of tho truth aud the power of 
dtfoidiug bow otbors violnt^ it ; and ttiis ih n position of eapei'iorily, and 
suits conquest ruthorlhan comprcbensioQ. The good of comprehension iu 
A national Church is thai the larger and more Tarions tb« body of mem- 
bers, the Dioro iikmcnts of power aod life the Church will conlab, 
Ibe more poiula there will bo of contact, VUe mota \au.\n«\ «a\^iX 


and 8tiutiIo«, Uio moro growth in perfecliou boUt of 
practice. Tbi? waste of power from not oomprehondiug ; 
in Uio oational CUiareh is measurctl by Uio nnmber and valou of alenitfiit* 
wbicb Fantaniim eonid inpplj towariv tfa« coUwrtirc growth of Uw itbole 
boily. The naUonal Cbiirch would grow moro Tigoroanly tomuda a 
hi^er sta^o <A ioidffht iulo rutigtona truUi, and oosuaqncntly towania ■ 
grsatcr perfeotion of practice, if tl hud tfaesa elemonts ; and this ts mhr ■ 
wish for Lbo Puritoiu ia Iho Cbnreb. Bnt| moaiiwhilp, Fuhlainim will ; 
contribute to the eommon growlli, miunlr because it balir-: a 

set of opmiouB or gchemn of tbraloi^ciU doctrine ts Uu- >]ial it 

posaibk) and pro6tablo to uztruct this, and Ibat ihiritnDa have done to; 
ftod that it is the duty of moo, who like thcmaclvcs hB%-e cxiiaetod it, 
Boparatd tbomBolvoa from thoee who baTe not, and to sol IhotnaelTeB : 
that Lliey naaj profess it purely. To disabnaa tSiem of thin errar^ wfaiob, 
by preventing collcicti^'O life, prDTent^ also eoUocttre gniwtbt it waa 
QcoeRsurr to iihow thorn tbat their extracted scheme of thaalofiiieaJ doe- 
trine ia not really tho goflpel ; and that at any rate, IhercfoiT, it u not 
wDTlh their while to ecparato tbcmoclree, and to Rostrate the boiM of 
growth in rommon, merely for this scheme's sake. And even if it were tnu, 
aa tbey allcgo, tbat tho national and historic Churahoa of ChristaDdoB 
do cfinnlly with Pnritanism bold thJB sefacme, ox main parta of it* atill 
it would be to Puntantsm, and not Lo the historic Chnrcbes, that in alMwiag 
tho invalidity and nnscriptaralnesa of this schemo ve ahotild addreaa osf* 
selTcs, bocanBc tho Pnritan Chnrcbes found UicirTer^' exifitcncti on it, and 
the historic Cbnrchefi do not. And not bondmg tbuir oxistcu^o on it, nor 
(idling into separatiun fur it, tbe historic Cburchss havo a calWtira lifc 
which is Tcry coDsiderable, and ■ power of crowtb, even to respoet of lb* 
very echenio of doctrine in question, aappofiiiig tbum to bold it, iar grealar 
than any wbieb the Poritan Chnnthe-s aliOW, but wbieh would b« yti 
greaUr and tnoro fruitful atill, tf the htnloric I'bnTcbrs conibiuod tlw 
lai^Q and admirablo coutingunt of I'oritanism nitb their own forcas. 
Thprefore, as wc haTo said, it is out of no sort of malice or ili-wiU, bet 
from eatecm for Ibtir fine qnahtiea and from deaire for tlicir help, Ihtl 
wo baTo addroHBod onreelres to the Poritana. And to loalui l\aa pcHlretly 
dear, WD propose to roocinde our dealings with this rol ' ' tdtowiog 
bow, as a matter of fnet, the Chnrrh uf Kiigbind (wh: Ustaoe 

Cborcb jiractically iu i]ucstiou fo far as I^ahtiuum ts ootummad) aeMM 
to w to bnro displayed niib n-spoct to those Tery tenets which «« hmrt 
critiaised. and for wbioU w uru siiid to have unfairly uiado PuntAoiam alaiM 
fMponiibW* ft continual ptiwpr of grnwUi liUtrb bas Wmi ui - ■■■ tlw 

ftiritM oaiiftraiiatiiooa. I'hi? we propo*? to sbowrin'l ; ao<1 Vr^ 

•euioiUy. haw, froui tho Ttfr>* theory^ a hiatone or national 
lbo probability of Ihia givater puwer ttf growth aeoina to fol' - 
may try aad oommeBd thai Ibooiy a Uttle moro to the • 
CsTvvr uf onr Puritan frianda. 

Tit* ta« grcal Puril^in dtx^trinu «lu<di v.c htivo crilirilud nt 



Imflttt ^ro tllA dooLriiULB of prtdeKliontiun ami jiuUfioatloD. 0/ Uie 
agymri^e uid mililnut PuritiiuiMru of atir jico^iUt. ju-odot^tiDHtioD hax, 
almost up to tho prcMtnt day, boon Uio fa\i)nrito nnd tliRtingnisliing 
dooLrloti ; it wa« tlio <locttiDQ vliicli i'ariUui flucke greedil; scu^bt, vtich 
Furitap mioiMtefB powerfully prooclied, and cMoA oihota ainml ita$inUei» 
for not iiroarhin^. This OpUi^Ta doctritiL* fi(!««iiipatui'd tlie (icncvii difici- 
[lUoti ; Fiirittiuisiu'a first great wit^li nud i-mloiiv»iir vrn» to tiHtublinii both 
Um otie twd tbo other in the Chnrch of Enfi}&M, and it bocamo iioneon- 
bimiDg hoeauso it fail(>d. Xow it h veU knowu that Iho High Church 
divinciB of tho seven U'cuth cculury wcro AnmuiaD, that tho Church of 

n^imd was the stronghold of AnDiDinnisan, and thnt AmuniaDii'm is, 
'u we bare fiutd, ilq «ilbrt of man's practical good scueo to get hd of what 
is ahockinf; to it in Calvinism. But wluit is not eo well koowD, and what 
is enuneuUy worthy of rocunrk, is tlta conatuut procure npplicd by Pnri- 
taiiiam npOD tho Clinrcli of Englaud, to put tha C-ulviitistir dnrlriiiu more 
dihliai'tly into her formnlanefi, and to tio lior up nioro strictly to this 
doctrino; the cotistaut reciiilaDco uflcred by tb« Church of Eo^and, and 
tb& Urge degttw tu whinh NoiicoDfunaity is really due to ibis catue. 
Krrrybody kcows bow far Noiicoafomiity is duo to tbo Cbtirch of-f 
Kuttlaud's rigoor in impoeisg nn uzpUciit declHniLicin of adbvrfDco to 
ber foruobu-ics. Bat only a fow who havo senrcbtid out the matter know 
bow fur Kouconronuiiy is dutr, nl&o, to tho Cbtircli of faigUnd'a in- 
%'iiicihlo reluctauov to uarruw her lar^u aud looHe fonuiihirtiifi to tho strict i 

■Iviajutta Mose d«ftr to taritanism. Yet this is wliut tbo ncord o£ 
l40Dftr»QC«8 abowa, at least as aigually as tt ahowe the domiDcoring epirit of 
t^Higb Cburdi clergy ; but our earrent political bintorifO, written always 
vith all auli-L^fcleBiaetical Inaa. wluch i« natural onoiiKli iuauuucb as tho 
Cbut-fh party wns not the party of eiril bborty. leaves thin sin^Eidarly onl 
of eight. Yet thero is n Tory catena of testimonicB to prove it ; to oLow na, ' 
from KLuibelh'a roigu to Cliarles the Beeond'a, Cnlviutsio, an a i>ower bolb 
wiUiiii and wilbont Uie Church of Eiiglaod, Irj'ing to got decisive oona* 
Boand of bcr fonuoUrioa ; and the Cb^irob of Kn^latMl, with tbo itiHiiuat : 
of a body nicnitt to lir« niid grow, and averse to f<>lt<>r and onf^ago iw 
future, Ktcadily re^iLiting. The Lambolb ArtioJca of ICtlS eihU^it Cal-i 
vinism polcmt io tho Charoh of Knglund brriiflf, and among tbc biabf 
of tbo Chui-cb. True ; but CDDld it ostabti^h itaell' tbure '? No ; tt 
Ariiclea were rc«idte<l and stipprcsecd, and Archhiabop Whit^ft 
Utroatenoil »ith tlie pcualtieg of a ffrmtinirt for baring poUiahed 
It VAS tuual from 1652 onwards to print in tho £n^iih iliblM a eat«obi>ml 
itaiCTling tbo Cnlvinibtic ihwtnDO of absolute olecttoo and reprobation, 
Ute tirst Hililt's of tlko OTitliorisc^l version (1007-10) thia CAtfcbiam 

ippoand ; but it was remo%-«d in 1G16. Y«t tbo Puritans bud mc 
:JamM tlM f irvt, at bia aucessioa in lOOd, with tbe i>vtilton that rA<-Ml 
w«IV W an titiijonuiitf of diietrhw pretrrOmt: uiia&ing an uniformity in 
4bo auQfleof atnot Catvinrnm. Tit* Chnrob. na rrgnrds dffctrine, was fur 
Purituusni waa for narrowing. 


Hjcn came, in IGOi, tboHanptoQ Coari Conftrrt>Dcc. Here, i 
political lustonAiis reproach tiie Cborch vith hbTiug concedtyl so U 
These bistoriana, as ve bave said, tlimk eoleljr of the PiuitmtiB aa tli« 
rctif^lons pnrty favonrablo to civil liberty, nod on titnt ntruoDl de^r* tLe 
' prop<milc'rance of PtiribuiiHm in iti disputrs witii the Church. Itot, as 
regards CrceJom of lhoii{'ht and troth of ideas, what vaa it tbnt t 
Church vaa prcssuil b,v ruritnuisuir to concede, and what was the c}i:uac 
Olid tendency of the Church's refimal 7 The first Puritan petition at t 
CttufurvDce wits " thnt tbo liiyrtrinr of tho Cburrh uii^lit be prcflorvsf 
in parity according to Ood's Word." That is, according to the CulritiifEtw 
intorpn)tation put upon God'8 Word by Colrin and tb& Pnj'itana ufU?r him, 
on iutcrpretatioD vhich wo bavi> sbown to be eTToneon<> aud mmcxipt 
[Tliii CuIviniHtie doctrine of predoHLiuntiun tbo Furitaue wanted to pin 
|hard and fast in tho Chiirch'a furtmilaries, and tho Chnrrh 
' Thp Paritnn foreman complained of the loose wording nf the 1'\ 
[Articlea bccanac it allowed an cBcapo from the strict doctrine of Calvinis: 
and moved tiiat the TjiunbetL Articles, strictly Catrinlslic, might 
intcried into tho Book ofiVrliclea. Tho Bishops resisted, and here are Uu 
word»4 of Choir spolcesmaa, the Bishop of Tvondon. " The BiHbop 
London answered, that too many in those dAy«, neglecting hnUaeas 
life, liiid alt their relii/ion upon jtyeilfnthiathtt — * If I aball be Bav«d, 
Bhall be ftavcd,' which be termed a deepei-atc doctrine, allowing tt to 
Cfmlrarr to good divinity, which teaches u» tf> reoium rather attnidgnJo 
then ileifnidtmito, thnR, ' I lire in ohedienee to Ood, in love with my 
neigbbonr, I fallow my Toeation, &e., therefore I trust thnt God balL 
elected me and predeatinnted mo to salrntitm;' not than, which is 
usnal nmnie of ai;gument, ' God bath predostinaterl and choacn ma 
life, therefore, though I sin never so grievously, I eliall not bo danuHsl. 
for whom ho onco lovcth bo loveth to the end.' " AVho will deny lb 
this resistADce of the Cbarch to the rnritans, who, l/t)/lnti till iltftr r«U^\oi( 
lifon ptedenlinaiion, WButed to make the Cbnrch do tho aame, waa ax 
favourable (o growth of thought and to sonnd philoBoj>by, aa it wai 
eooBonant to good senRe ? 

Wo have already, on a prerions oooaaion, qnoted from the oooapkini 
^oiost the Church by the committee of divinos appointed by th " 
of Lorda in 10-11, when Puritaniam waa strongly in the a^^ 
Some ID tho Church teach, aay tho Pnritun eomplaiiura, **tluit go* 
wurtu} are eoncaoses with faith in the n:t of jiistiCcoliou ; aomn fa 
dppnpied tbo oertitade of aalvatiun ; aome have maintained that 
Ijord'B day is kept merely by ccoUsiiisUral consLiniUfii ; w< 
dcfi'uJcd the whole grosjt (fubatiuico itf Armititiinivn, that th> . 
eaQTornion deponda upon tho coiicurreiieo of men's froe will ; Kama ha 
denied original Rtn ; sume have hroaehod out of Socions a tnoiit r- ~- - 
fiirtahle and desperate doetriue, that Into ropctitanev, — tint ia, i 
last bed of lickncM, — is nnfraitfnl, nt lout to rod 

G"d. ' Whivt wv iiLHint iijiou •■*-, ibat tho frrovi' 




thought, on religions mnttcni, are here shown to bo in the Church ; nail 
thitt ou these tvo cnrdiunl doob'ioos of prcdcstjoatiou nud jiiatifl«ation, witl^ 
which we ore accused of mi&iirlj euddUoff Fnritnaiam olooc, Puritnaisni 
did ndMy vmnt to mahc tho DfitionnI itlit^ioD hiugi^, white the Church 
did unl, bat resisted. The rusistoDoe was at that time Yaii<iiUHli«d, QOt 
by importing Htrict Cidviuiwm into tbo Pmyor l!ook, but by cnstitig out 
tho FniTcr Itoolc nitogothar. Kjr ordimineo in 1645, the usa of tbo 
Fmyor Book, which for churches had ohroady been forhiddoui was for- 
biddoo nUo for all priratd placM and famlltea ; all copies in be found iii 
ehnrrhfs were to bo deliTercd op, and heavy penalties trore imposed on 
persona round wilh them. 

Wo oono to tho oocamon whoro the Church in thought to harn aoat- 
dccilircly shovn her uuyivldiii^iipss, — the Savoy Conference in IGCl, after 
King Charles the Becoad'd rc-storatiou. Tbo question was, what ulterutiona i 
were to be made in the Prayer Book, so ta to enable tho Puritans to nso 
it lis well as tho Churcb party. Having in view doctrine and free devclnp- 
mcoit nf tbonght, we suy ngiun it was tho PnrttaoH who were for norrowiug, 
it WAB tho Churchmen who were for koepini:; open. Tboir bonds fhll 
of these tcucts nf predoatinatiou, origioal ain, and j\i3titication, which 
we ara acenscd of ebarjtJnK upon them exeluairely and oniairly, tho 
Puntons conipliun thai tho Church Liturgy seems very defortive, — why? 
bocanse ** the iiyBtems of doctrine of a eliurcb should anmmanly com- 
prebefid all craeh doclrinci ai are necesaaiy to bo believed." and the 
hturgy does not aet down these explicitly enough. For intitanre. " the 
Confcsaion," they say, " ia very dofbctivo, not clearly expri'Msiog original 
iin. The Ciitooliisni is defective as to many noctMaTy doctrines of our 
raii^OD, some cv^n of tho esfcntiaU of Christiaiiity not being mcu- 
tiuuoU except in the Creed, and there not so explicit as ought to be in a 
catecbiiuu." And what in tho answer of the bishops f It is the answer 
of people with an Inatinct that this definition and exjdieitoHa demanded 
by the Puritans are incompatible with the conditions of lifn of a bislorio 
church. " The Church," they say, " hath been careful to put nothing 
into the LiLurg}- but that which is either evidently the Word of Uod, or 
what hath been gcnemllv received in tlio Catholic Church. The Cato- 
^iem is not intended an a whole body of dtviulty." The Puritans had 
rojiaested that " the Churcb pmyera might contain iiotUiinj fjHeitioin'l if/ 
f>iaus, Uaiiied. ami onhoitiu- jtftiuHt." Seizing on this expression, wherein i^ 
eODtainod the ground of that uftaralism /or opimmu which we have 
shown to be xo fatal not only to Church Ufa but also to the natural 
growth of rcli^oua thought, the bishops avk, and in the very langoage 
uf good aeaae ; " Vbo are piunt, Iturnnt, ami ortho<iox pfnons ! Are wo 
to toko for (ineh nil who eball coafidt-ntly affiim tbemtdrcs to be such ? 
if by orthodox bo meant tboan who ndhcro to Scripture and the CathoUo 
nas.: V, wc du not yot know Lbat any part of our Liturgy baa 

betD ' ''' each. It was the wisdom uf our it-'funuvra to draw 

up twh a liUtrffn tm uriUirr Ji<j}tuim*t nor i'rofcafout cuulil jxuAV^ u;cjr\\ 


^V 8BTI 

[ ftnv 


ftfiiuHst, Persons vant U10 book to be allerctl for their own sntlffactiaa*' 
Tkia allcgatiuQ ronp«olmg the character of tbo Liturgy-is nutlimU 
Imo, for tlie Pahtans Uiemselres expressly mlmitU'd it» iruLb, Bod 
tttged tluB as a rMson for ulteriag the Litu'gy. It is iu eonsoniuico vii 
wh«t u no oStQvt said, ami ti-uly said, of the Thirtj''nlDe Articles, tlii 
they nrc urikUs nf i>,ari\ Tliifl, imluEiil, mukcfi the Artutko scieDtifieaO; 
n-ortlil«;H9; for mvtaphj'tiical propositioQfl, sueb ns ther in tbi> tniun ars^ 
drawn up trith n studied design for thoir being vn^ae aad loose, eon 
have DO mfitaphystcal valao. But no one tbtMi thuui^t of doing wiUboot 
metapbrsicat articleH ; so to make (hem articles of psace sboirod ft trao 
roTircptioQ of the coadiUoufl of lifu am) gron-th i» a clitireh. Tba 
readiness to pot a lai senss oa subecriptiun is a proof of the aama 
disposition of nmid. CbiUingwDrth's judgment about tho raeaoiog of 
RnbiiiriptioD is well known. " For tbe Church of England. I »m 
prrfiundi^d timt Iho coustont doctriuo of it is so pare aud ortbciduz, thai 
whosoever bcIioTcs it snd Iitps according to it, nnilnnhtpilly he shall ho 
SBTed ; and that there is no error in it irhich may nccesutale or 
anv man to disturb the peace or renoance the conunanion of it. Tkh^ i 

ly t)}niw*ii, in nil thai is iulnnleil hi/ xiiliifriifitiiia." And I^iud, a 
'erent man from Chilli ngwortli. held oa tbin point a like opitiiert 
frith him. 

Certainly the Churcb of ISnglan J was in no hiuuonr, at the timo of the 
BdToy Conference, to deal tenderly with the Puritans. It iraa toa'nincli 
disposed to show to the Pnrititas tho snmo sort of lenileruess wliictj Uie 
PnrilnDH hod nhown tti the C'hnrcdi. The nation, niifrenrer, wus nenrlTaa 
iU<dispofl«d as the Cbureh to tho Puritans : and thin proros well wbai 
the Diirrawncss and lyraononsness of Puiitonism domiaiuit bad reoU; 
been. Bat the Church amlonbtedly said and did to Paritaiiism m&aff 
thp HestorHtion much Uiai vna harsh and hiUer, and Iherefotv inM-> 
cRsnhte in a Cbristiaii Chnrch. Kxampt«8 of Cbnrchmcn so spealdng 
and dealing may ha foand in the transactions of 1601 ; bat perbaps 
most affaofclTO eiamplu of a Churcbman of this kind, aud who dosarwaft' 
therofonc to be !«bidie>i1, in a eertnin I>r. June, Ilefi^nR I'rofrmior of Iririni^ 
Oxford oud Dean oi Gloucester, who vns put ronrord to Uiwart Tillot- 
'h projacta of comprohension in IGBtf. A certain niimberof Dr. J 
there bam always been in the Church ; there ore a ecrtain numbc-Tof theoi 
iu thi» Church now, and lli(irn always will ha n reiH ' ' 
Ko Churcb could exi^t nilh many of them ; hot can- 
or two of Uiom alwa^'s before one's mind, and Tcmambcr bow. to Uw 
JKcluded party, a few, and those tbo worst, of Ihirir vxidndeiv are 

t to sUiiiil t'nr tho wluilo, in order t^i cnmnruhoud tho full bitU4Ti«aa 
rcsont' 'anivm agiiiii 

wonLi ' I say. afttfr o'' 


two pcrtiaa, that Iba ponustenee of ths 
, not , '' ' ^ Utslimaui 

Church in {wefnuDt: for ec 
would hftTr ■ ' 


loiiuan H>d fcr itii{K< 



Tonquifllud, bat frum a real aoue that their forninliuics w«m ntnilo w* 
iTfte ADd opoD. fojil Uio HcoiSe put a^on Rabscription to them so in' 

nluI^tiuL, thnt aoy rtmuinnht^ man conid lianoatly cuufurm, auil tlint U 
r&B porreneDcss aud dutormiimlimi to bnposo Uioir special idoas on th« 

|di»icb, and to naitow tlio Chnrch's Imitude. which mndo the Pnritana . 

'-Stoud out. We could wifeb, iudoc-d, tba Church had sboiA'n the Sflnw' 

largonetfi in couseDliajj to relax ccremoDieft. which she ohowod id roftifiiiig 
to lighteo dogma. Vt'otse sltU, the ougry 'wiith to drix-« tir ^-iolouoo. n-boD 
le other party will not movu by reason, tinnlly no donht appi'itrs ; nnd the 

[Church has much to blAuie herself for in Lhe Act of fuiftiiniity. BUmftJ 

ubu dtfSt.-n'<.-3, and ttho hii^ had it pleutilully ; biitntint hfta not heon caough' 

[pAToeiTed is, that really tho couriction of bvr own modcnitton, opcunefiflt 
ftad ktitiidc, u fur AS regards doctrine, Mcma to hard fillrd her mind 
dnriug ber deiUia^n mth tlie PoriUiDS ; nml that hi-r impatioin'o ^"ith them 

(WHS iu groat oimihuvo impatitmcc itt Bcfiup Ihfso sii iil-i\pprcciiited by tbim.J 
Tery ill-ftpprcrintod by tlw-rn Ihpy cortninly were ; :itid, il-: fiir as iloctiiuflf 
is conneniod, the qn&rrel botw&en ihe Cfanrch and Puritiiniiou nndoiibt«d1] 
Wftfl, that for the doctrinps of pwilostjnntton. origiiiiil «n, and juatificalioDJ 

'S^urilaotsm wanltd mora esclimtvo promiai^nct!. tuoro doj^matJo dofiuitionij 
more bnr to futiux' cecupe nnd do/alopment ; while tho Cbnrcb resiMed. 

And ns the instiDct of tho Cborch nlvAyt; niAde her rtvoid, on tbonp 
three Euroonte tenets of Puritani-sm. the slrinj.'eDey of dcfimtion -which 

iPuriUaiBm tried to forco itpou hor, alnnvH math- bi-r leare herself tool 
for growth in rcgurd to tbcm, — tio, if no lonk for tho pmitiTO hegiimio]^^ 
und first sigDs of [^wtb, of diungagemont from the nloek notions of 
popular theology iibont predeatinatiou, nri^'nfil sin, and ju^tiflcntion, it in 

l^mong Cbarehmeo, iind not nmonf; Puiitatifl, thnt we shall find them. 
few TriU dtmy that m to Uxt! dovlriQea of pnHlo«itinati(Hi anil original sin. 
at any rate, the nuud of religions mon is no longer vbnt it was in the 

, senntMntk oeutary or in the aight««nth ; there has been erident growth 
and (>n)AQcipatitra ; PnriLaniRm itsolf no longer holds tb^tgo dortrincff in 
tho rIgM way it ifoco did. To ^vhom i« this ehuage owing? who were 
tbe beginuera of it ? They vvre mea using that oomparativo opeonoss of 
mind and acceflaibilily to ideas which wns foirtonid by the Chnrvh. Tho 
vary oumplaiuta which wo have quoted from Uip Puritan divines proYO 
tlu^ thu was 80. Henry More, enying in the heat of tho CalviuiBtia 
oontiovorsy, what it nco^lod insight to say Uieij, but what nlmoBl every oue'a 

,«oiumao sense soya now. tlmt "it wero to be wiahed the QuioqnartictlUr 
poiiita were all rodoocd to this ono, nnmely, Thfti nnnr thaU in- »iivfil 
uiihmu t%in:tiv nigJitnet:^' Jcromy Tnylor saying hi the t*«th of tho 
toperatilious popuUr doutrino of ortgiiuU sin : " Original sin, as it is at 
this day eoianuiDly eT|>lica(oi], was not Uio doctrinu of Uto primitire 
cbnreh ; hot when Pcla^os bad puddled the stream. 6t Austin van so 
nag^ UuU ha sUuupad and puddled it moro,"— this sort of utterance from 

p.Qnirditaaa it waa, that ilrat iotrodncrtl iulo oar religions world the ennent 
of falDre independent tbonght canct.>miug tiu) doetrioM a( >^<i:4<a^\\4!a^jMi. 


nod ofigiiiBl nn, which has now niado its vuy eren imid-st Fnritaoi ILcid- 
Mlr«s. Here the emftscipalioD hns reached the FarilAns ; but it proceeded 
frmn Iho Churcli. That Puritniii:^m is rot enuuieipst«tl frum tku popaUr 
iltwtrino of jiistificftlion DRiinnt bi? asBetiod. Oa Uie routmry, the morn 
it loosens its bold on the doctrine of prcdfalinftUoD the man it Ughtims it 
oD that of juBtifieotioa. We havo nlreodj- quoted- Weslu^r's urordi: 
" I'lfad thiiu tiilfhj (he hlaotl u/ th« Cofrnrtitl, thr ranvnn futhl for thy 
prtiiul gtiiiiUim vml ! " uid wo hnve Rhoan faow mndeJH Metliodusnt 
glories in Itolding oluA oa its ntimdard this tcachiu'j uf WeHley'ii, oud thia 
toRcbing »bovo all. The many tracts which hnre Utelj boeo SMit dm in 
roference to thin Buhjoct go all Lho saute way. Like Luther, thoj hold 
that " all beroticEi hnvo contintially failed in this our point, tltul tlH.>j do 
uol rightly tuidsrBlatid or kiiow tlie article t£ juiditinttiun:" *■ do aot 
SM " ^to coiitiuuo to use Lather's worda.) " that by noito other aaeriflee 
or oBeriog ^uld God'a fierce aager be appoued. but by the preanii blood 
of the Soo of Uod." Tbiit this doctrine t« foondvd npra «□ eutire 
tttlsuDderstaudiug uf Bt. Paul's writings we have showu ; tliat then is rer; 
vinibto a tendency in the minds of religions people to outgrow it, \m irm, 
but where aloue docs this leodcucy mauifosl itself with uuy stendinrjis or 
power ? Id the Church. The ineritable movement of growth will in limo 
extetid itself to Poritanism also ; lot it be remembered in that day tlint not 
oidy does the morcmeiit come to Pmitauism from the Church, but it 
cumes to Churelmten of our century from a seed uf growth and derelop- 
ment inherent in the Church, and which was manifest long ago. That 
the aceompftuimcuti of the doctrine of juatificktion. the tooeU of eon- 
version, iuatiLnttincous sanctificAtion, assurance, and siulesti porflBctioD, — 
tenets whirh are nut the eitsenee of WoElcy, but which ore the eaaenea of 
Wcslvyau Metbodiam, imd which hnre in them so much tliat is deltuive 
and dangerous.— that these should hare been discenungly judged by that 
mixture of piety and sobriety which marks Angheuis of the be«t type, 
such as Bishop Wiliion,* will surprise no one. But yean l>efore Wetitej 
was bom, the fonlal doctrine itself, — Wesley's *' lUr.ui ikuti mtMif 
the Uooii of the CurenaHt!'" — had been criticised by Hammond thus* 
and the signal "f dcHTrraDce from the Luthcmn doctrine of jnatificatiMk 
giren : " The guliiidtau loolis upon Im faith as the utmost aecomttlishroeat 
and end, and not only aa Uio fin( elements of hie task, whieh is — 
rtw *ij;vr*/»-wf/tiif/ -if ^wd U/r. The solifidian bclieres himself to have the 
only sanrlitivtl aect'Ksary duelrines. that having them reoden* bin eoa>iitioQ 
lafe, anJeTery man who behoves them a pure Christian profe^uor. la 
roep<-«l of soUfidiauifim it is worth remomboring what Kjuphnnius obscrm 
uf tbo primiliro times, Ihnt iriclivhtetM uat the unlif iurtty. thnt impioua muI 
pious living divided the whole Cbriatian world into erronoons and ortfaodfuu" 

* >'{<r Dxniiii>l« : wbat an mitldole to the pcrllou MctbodUl ilortritio of iutaa- 

tamODK siim-UriniiJoii U Uu' ' " ' ■** ' "lio <aadei flu* fcli 

lafajil BUf cRntiull; \x i'li.> 



In point of ftuit. Uierffore, tbe liistario Cbnrcb in Rngland, not extBting 
fur ftpocinl opioioua, but prooooding hy dorrlopmml, faiu nhnvm mnch 
grvnttr frc<^om *>( mind as regarda tho doctrinos of cli>ctioo, oi-iginnl sin, 
and jnsUficatioQ, than the NoncoDfonaists have ; and has refiudd, in «pito 
uf Puritiin pressare, to Ue harsoU too strictly to tlieee doctriDos, to make 
thorn all in all. Sbo tlius butk bus buen aiid is niar« serviroHhlo Iban 
PtiritauiBiii to religious progress; because tbd st-parating for opimonn, 
vrhicU ifl proper to Punbuiiiua, rivtita tbe separaticiL U) ihino opiniuos, 
and 18 Ibtis opposed to that dovclopmcut uud gradani exhibiting of 
the fill! BOUHO of tbe Bible and CbriBtiaoity, w-bicb is essential to 
religious progress. To Bcparnte for tbo tloctnoe of predestiaatiou, of 
jtuttQeation, of ftcriptanil Chnrcb-dtitcipline, ia to be false to the idea of 
developineut, to imagine Uiat j'ou cim se'ua tbo nbsohitt) hvuso of ^k7iptura 
iVnm yonr ovnt present point of view, and to out yonrsplf off from growth 
gnidaal Ulamiuation. That a comparison bulwccn tbe course things 
Te taken in Foritanism and Id the Church goes to prove tbo truth of' 
tbia as u matter of fact, is what I bare beoa tryiog to ahov hitherto ; in 
what n'tnainB T purpose to show bow, an a matter of tlieory and antecedetit 
likfliliood, it uocma probabJe and utitnrni tb»t so tbiti sboiUi.) be. 

A historic C'burch cauoot choose bat allow the pnocipk of development, 
for it ia wiilteo iu Ha imtitatioua and histon'. An adiuirable imlcr, in a book 
which is ODO of hiR leftst known workn, but whicii contains, perhaps, even a 
t»r Dumber of prufouud aud valuubh- iili'aH thnu any other one of Uiom, 
as Mt forth, both penmosivcty anil truly, the inipiTs.iion which Obiireb> 
story cannot but conrey. " We have lo account," says I>r. NevnuD, in 
lis Sitay on Drvrh/wienf, " for that apparent variation and growth of 
dootriue wluch ombAn-asscs ns when ire would couBiiIt history for tbe true 
itlim i<( Clirifltiatiity. The increase and expniiRton of tlto Christian creed 
ritual, an<l tbo rnriatioDB which bavu attuudt'd tbo pruceiiii in the 
of iodividttal writers and Churches, are the neoessar}- attendants on 
philosophy or polity which tahes possession of the intell^t and hoai-t, 
and has bad any wido or extended dominion. From tbo nature of tho 
liamoii niiud, time ia necessary for tbo full comprohcnaiou and pcrfectiouj 
of great ideas. Tbe highest and most wonderful truths, though com* 
mnnicatod to the world once for all by inspired teachers, could not bt] 
coin pre bonded all at once by tbe recipients; but, as admitted and tranfl<J 
mitti^d by miads not inajnred, and through media which were human, hai 
required only tJie longer time and deeper thoirght for then' full elucidation." 
And again: "Idean may remain when tbe expression of them is iiK^ 
definitely Tuied. Nay, one cause of cormption in religion is the refill 
to follow the course of ducU'ine as it movra tm, and an obKtinary in Uie 
notions of tbe past. Ho our Lord found bis jteoplc preeisiaus in their 
ohodicnce to the loiter ; he condemned them for net being led on to it 
spirit, — that is, its devclopmcot. The Oospel is the doTcIopment uf the ' 
Law ; yet what differoDce seems wider than that which scpornteff the un- 
bending mlo of Moses from the grace and truth which came b^ Jesua 




anj one eon sec,' and aa Church history pnrrev, samivroa* and gntr« 
queelions of philosophj and of scuntific criticiBta. Well, for th« tnie 
eluoidalioD of such ijucsUons, and for Lhoir final solalicm, tuae uid 
fiivonruble developing conditions aro confcgscdly nucessiiry. From Ihc 
«n<.l of tlie apoBtnlic Hgc, and of Uie great fontal hursl of Cbrislianil 
down to the preBcnt time, have each conditions ever existed in 
ChriBttan coramTiuitics, for determiuinf^ adeqnatelj tha qncstiona 
philosophy and scicntidc criticism, nhich the Christinn religion sUrttfl 
frml, crralUtn, trill, rvil, iiitiiwrltilih/, — tlicsc terms and moDjr mot* 
tho some kind, howovor much thoj might in tfao Bihto be used in • 
eoDcreta and practical manner, yet pUinly had in tbcmselTOS a 
cation to abstract thought, carried with Ihem the ooeasiouii uf a critic 
and a philoDophy, which mnst nooner or later make its appeanac 
in the Charch. It did make its appearance, nnd tho qaostion is 
it hia CTor yet appeared there under conditions favoarablo to iti troe 
devcloptnent. Sorely this is best elucidated by considering vhattwr 
qneslioas of cnLicism aud pbiloEophy in general ever had one of Ihcii 
happy moments, their times lor succcHsful development, in the cadf 
and middle ages of Christendom at alt, or have hud one uf tbem to 
the Chriatian chnrches, as snch, since^ All these qnestions bang togetber. 
and the time that is Improper for solvmg one sort of them truly, ii im- 
proper for solving the others. Historic criticism, criticism of style, 
criticism of nature, no one would go to the early or middle ages of the 
Charch for illumiuatioD on these matters ; how then should thuM agM 
develop enccessfully a philosophy of theology, or criticism of physics aa4 
znoUphysics, which invoWeB the three others and more besidoa ? Chmtih 
theology is an elaborate attempt at plulosopbicul criticism; in Greeee* 
bvforo Christianity appeared^ there had been a favouring period for the 
develnpTnont of ench a eriticitim, a coniiiderahlo mnrement uf it took 
place, and considerable rcsnlta were reached. When Chrisiianity begu, 
this tDOTcmcnt was in decadence ; it declined more and more Ull it died 
quite out; it revived very slowly, and as it waxed, the modiseral Churcb 
waned. The doctrloe of ouiversals is a questiou of philoeopby discosBed 
io Greece, and rc'discasscd in the middle a^s; vh^lerer light this 
doctrine reeeiros from Plato's treatment of it, or AristoUo's, in whatever 
.itato they kft it, will any one say that the Nominalists and KeAlkta 
: lirougbt any more light to it. that they derolopod it in any way. or eoM 
develop it? For the saioe reason, Aagastine'a criticism of GoXs uliuiial 
decrees, origiunl sin, and jusliiicaliun, the criliciuo of m. Thomas 
Aqainas on them, tho decisions of (be Church on them, nrA nt necessity. 
and from thv \cry nature of things, inadfqiuite, because, '■ laupbieal 

dorr-lopmcnts, tljey are made in an agv when thu forces fu , —losot 

devtilopmcot aro waning or wanting. So whcji Hooker ea^'s niusl 
•'Oar belief in the Trinity, the co-eteruity yf the R<m uf God »« 
'Father, iho proceeding of the Bpirit frnm the Futbcr and thd 
with other principal points, the nccvBiity vhoreof is by ocod da 



an oolwiUittaDding in Scripture Dowhero to be fonnd bj express literal 
mention, only dpdured thoy arc out of Scriptora by collection" — 
vliLU Huokc? tliuii puinli) out, wbul is unduubtcdly tlio Lnttb, lliat tbcio 
Cbiircb dootrinca ftro deTolopmeots, vs may add this other tnitli equally 
Dodiinljlcd, — tliBt being pkHoiopfiirnl deTelopnietiln. ihej are dcTclapmeuts 
of a kind ubich the Cbarcb has never ret Ixai the right conditions 
for makiii}; adcqaatnly, any moro than it has had thft conditiona for 
tleruli^iug out of what is said in the boult of Gcni-Bts a Irtio philosopby of 
»atim>, or ont of what is said in the book of I>anie], a trne pbiltMiopby ut 
history. And this from no fault at all of tbe Cborcb, bnt for the same 
roaiiun that sho was nntiltcd to eolvo a dilBcuHy in Arintotln'^ PJitftica or 
Plato's Timaax, and to determine the historical value of HurodoluB or 
T.iry; xtmply from the natural operation of tho law of development, wbioh 
&i succcM in pbilotjopby and criticism requires certain condition!), which 
Id U)p early and media:val rbureb were not foand. And «ben tbe move* 
meut of philosopby and eriticism came with the Itenaaeenco, this movement 
was almost entirely ontaido tbe Cburcbeti, whctber Catholic or Pn>teflta&t, 
and not inside them : it worbod in men like De^^artes and Bacon, and not 
in men like Luther and Calrin : eo that the doctriue of these two eminent 
peraonages, so far ax it was a pKiloBophioal and critical development front 
Beriptore, had no moro likelihood of being on adequate development than 
the doctrine of the Council of Trent. And ro it has gone ou to this day ; 
philosc^phy and criticism have become a great power io the world, and 
incvitiil-ly t^-ud to alter audduvtlop Church doctrine, so far as this doctrine 
18, as to a f^rc-at extent it is, pbitosophical and critical ; yet the 8e>at of tbe 
dewlopinjj force is not in tho Church itself, bat elsewbero ; its inHuencea 
fitter fcti-uggliagly into the Church, and the Church slowly absorbs hnd 
inoorporatea tbem. And whatever hinders their filtering in and beeonuog 
illOorponit«d hinders truth and tho natural progress of things. 

While, thon>foni, wo entirely agrco with Dr. Newman and with the 
great Anglican divines that the whole Bible ia written on tbe principle i>f 
development, and that Christianity In its doctrine and dincipUnu is and 
must be a daroktpmont of tbo Bible, we yet cannot nj^eo that for tho 
adequate dovelopment uf Chrifitlan doctrine, so liir as theology eihibita 
tLia metaphysically and EcieuLifically, the Church, whether ant43-Niceao or 
poal-Nictiie, boa ever yet furnished a channel. Thought and acicnco 
folUiw their own law of dovclopuieut, Uiey are slowly elaboraU.'d in the 
growth and forward prcsrare of hnmamty, in what Bfaakcpenro calls — 

Uio projibetic soul 

Of the wiJe worlil dreaming on ttiiag* to c«nc i 

and tbuIr'ripenesB and unripencKS, as Dr. Newman most truly says, are 
not an effect of oar wiflliin^ or resolving. Rather do they seem brought 
about by a power BUt-b us Goethe fij-inros by tbo '/.tit-Ofint or time- 
apirit, and Kt. Paul describes as a di»ino power rerfaling additions to 
what wo poaseca already. Bnt sects of men are less a^t to ttcK&v(i« 
vot. XXI. — »o. 122. \^. 



Cbem tliaD tbe maiD fatxlj tif meb; lber«(bn) Ht. I^ul in thd 
broutb cohorts (o unity. Whnt raay jiutij-Ue conooded to the CotttoJi 
Gborcli ifl, that in her idcn of oonUoiionB dcreloping povrcr in 
OlimtcDdom to vork u[>oa tbe data fumisbed by tUe Bible, and 
□l'w oambinations from Ibcm as tUo growth of time rcqLiirod it, sbo CoUoved 
a true iustlDct ; bat tbe t'lg^l fJulasoiiiiictii dcvelopmr-Dts sbe Toinly intnginod, 
berecU to have iiio power to produce, and ber att^onpla id tlila di 
VKN) at most but ft prophecy of this poirer, as alchemy is said to 
been a prophecy of chemistry. 

'Wilit dovelopauenta of dtsriplind nutt cha rub order it is very diiTorenl. 
The Biliki raises, &« vo have seen, maoj and great qaestions of philosophy 
and criticism; bat essentially the Church was not a corporation for 
speculative parposes, bat a corporation for porposea of moral growth uiit 
of practice. Terms like Off, creation, tiU, evtf, immortuiitti, trok^, m» 
we have said, and must evoke, soohot or later, a philosophy; bat to <nrott» 
this was the act^eot and not the ossenco of ChrisLiauity. What, lh?ti, 
wu th« esseoco ? An ingcoioiis writer, ns unlike I>r. Newman a« ii is 
pouible to eoDCcive, has lately lold ns. In an article in Friutr'r 
MagtKiw, — au article written -with great vigoar and acuteness, — this writer 
advises as to return to Foley whom we were bc^nning to nc^ct, becansa 
the rcHl important essence of Cbristiaoity. or rather, to qnote quite literally, 
" the only form of Christianity 'n-Mch is worthy of the serious coosideim' 
tioD (if rational men, is Protefitnntism as stated by Paley and bis schooL" 
And why ? *' Because this PruteiitBDtism enables the saint ta prove to 
tbo worldly man that Christ threatened him with hoU'fire, and proved 
hia power to threaten by rising Irom the dead and ascending iuio heaven; 
and these allegations arc the fundAtueot«l assertiona of Christiautly." 
How it may be said that this is a somenbat contracted view of "th« 
imscarcbubic riches of Clu'Ist ; " but we will not quarrel with it. And 
this for several rcusoos : in the first place, it is the \it!\i oflon token by 
popular thcolog,y ; in the second place, it is the riow Lost Slt^J to aurvo 
its Henthnmjto author's object, which is to got Christianity out of the way 
altogether; in the third place, its shortness gives us eoorago to try and:' 
do fthat is the hnrdcM thing in ilio world, namely, to pack a steMnat 
of thu main drift of Chiiatianity into a few lines of nearly as short eompaM.' 
What thon wa«, in brief, the ChrlRlinn gospel, or "good news?" It was 
this t TU^ kiit/ftiom nf find j'j ritrm vir/i yon. The power of Jasna apon 
tho multitudes who beard htm gladly was not that by rising from the deed 
and asceodiog into heaven be enabled tbo saint to prove to Lh>~ ~ 
man the certainty of boU-firc, (fur he had not yi^t done fa) ; but thai i-. 
to lAemabnut Mr fnmjiium o/Outl. And what is the kingdom of God or king* 

dam ofBoaven 7 It is this: OniVt viU doni^ ns v\ hemwn laonnih^ ^~^ 
ham WW this eomo to mankind ? Because.- J<un U c^ to mve !■ 
Jixmt ■■ And what is being saved from our sins ? XL 

iuto ti . :,....:.., I fj heartn li/'JoUii/ Oie uill i/aur FttXhrr .i: ui 
kftiffn. And bow dovs Christ etuUiIc ui to do this i Hy leaching ttn lu Ui 




ka nokt tipoti UK, and Itnnt of Mm to dtnttf ittifich-c* mid Uikg u/* ourcnu 
' fvUow him. Bo that Si. Paul mij^ht etiv moat trnly tliat the' 
h. 1 1 gnre fouQilaUoD of God in CluistiiiQity maa Uiib: Lei eMiy one 

that uamfth ihf. mnti* *'/ Chrut depart Jrom Utiqmttj : or, u he olwwlierc 
AxpADds it: hnjtha hrin'j forth (Ac Jniitt of tka .if.'iril.—Iifvty jcy, pfutc, 
It/iii/AUfftrihit, LiiidiifM, ffoodnrMMtfititli, otildm-M, iir!f-cutitrvL 

Oq lhi» fuiuiilAtioti aroM tho CUruLiau CIiutl'Ii, ooil nut od any 
foandatioo of spMolnUro metapli^'vicfl. It wns iooviUblo that the 
spoeulalivc mctapb^rsics sboald eome, but tliey wera oot tbo foacdotiDD. 
When they came, the dutgor of tbo CtmsUftn CharcL wftg th&t sbe ihoald 
take Ihtou for the foQndaUou. Tho pcopro irho van built on Uiis 
fotutdatiou, i(ho were tmited ia the joy of Chriat's good uowa, mUurally, 
u they came to kaow of one luiulhar's cxistonco, as thtiir rclfitioos wUh 
one nnolhcr malUplicd. as thoseiiBc of sympathy ia tho poBwauon of a 
coiDiuim treunro deopeoed, — ^oaturally, I aay, drew togetbor in one body, 
vith an oiKuuzatiuD growing out of tho needs of a graving body. It ift 
i|uiU> clear thai Lha mo» iti-ooffly Chiiiitiiiiui lelt their common tusii 
^_^ia setting for«iird npon earth, throngh I'Kritjt'a Bpirtl, the LiogJoiO 
^HGod, tho moro they would bu dzAwu tu coiUtisce into od« aocioty for this , 
business, with Uic niitoral and trno notion that the noting ti^ther m thiftj 
Miiv oScrs to men greater helpa for roaulung thinr aim, presenta fowor 
dialracUonK, and aboTO all, Knppliea a more animaLbg force of sympathy 
and motaal asBunmoe, Lbao thi> acting scparatL'ly, Only thd scuim uf 
diff«r«iiou greater than tbo senw of xj-mpnUiy could defeat this 
teadeney. Dr. Kewnuu has told ns ffhat on impreiwiou na» once- mnde 
npon bis uiind by tho Bcntcncv : bccurua Judicnt vrlU tftrarum. We have 
abowo how, for matters of pbiloaopbical jadgment, not yet Bettlc*! but 
rcf^nitiog development to clear them, the ronnent of the world at 
i titno whoD this clearing devolopiueut cannot have iiapp«u«:>d scorns 
to carry little or no voigbt at all ; indeed, oa to jndgment on th«BO 
|Ktutts, ne shoold. rather be iucliuud to lay down the very eontrary of 
Xownuui's oifimuitjon, and to say: Stcuriu JfUrat oibU ttnnrmu. 
iXliit points of 8]iocuhitivo theology Ix-iit;; out of tho question, and the 
mi-Liciil K^ound and pur^KiM of uuui'h rvlifiou briu>{ brondlv ninl plainly 
od, ire should be ijoite disposed U> eom-tide to l>r. ^'ewnlan. thai Krcitru* 
lit urtit fararum ; — they pursue this purpose best who pui-auo it 
:iother. For nnlca« prevented by cxtraueoatt cau&csi thpy manifestly 
, aa tho history' of tbo Charch'it growth ehoWEi, to purnuu it loi^iiUiur, 
aoconfoimiitfi are fond of talking of tho nuity which may e<'-t.'xiBt with 
sepanitioD, and they sny : *' There are foar eruigriists, yot ooo Gospel ; 
vhy >4hi)uld theru nut be many uparate r«%toiu budtc- j, yet one Cbarcb ? ' ' 
But Ihuir theory of unity in euparaUdU u ft tbiKiry piJpably iuvi'nlvd 
cover cxiijtuig facts, and thoir nrgnmvut fmm the uvangcliste is ■ 
paraJogiso]. Fur tho four Gospels aros^ out of no thuu^hl of divergency ; 
thoy iraro not deslgud ua cotrections of one piiur GoHptd, or nf onr 
■r ; tboy were concorring tectimoniea borse to the sanu fa«u Unt 



tho scTerai religious bodies of Clirut«Qdom plfunlj gteyr oot of an iuteDtloa 
of UirergcDcj ; clearly tbcy vrore dorigned to correct tho uuiMurfeeUons 
vac prior Clinrch and of eaob other ; and to eay of iLiojp B^rmtg oat o 
discord that they vnny inako ou^, bocnuiie tilings sproog out of conmrd 
may maku one, is like saying thit b^ciinse sareral agreements nmr lUAkff ■ 
peace, therefore sureral war8 may moke a peaoe too. Ko ; vrithoot mum 
strong motive to tho contnuy, men nnited by tho parenit of ft dearly 
ddGued couiioDU um of irresiKUble attractircnrsa tuilumlty ooolesrc ; and 
since they coali-sco natarolly, thoy are clearlj- right ia coolescing, and find 
their ndracto'^'e in it. 

All tiiat Dr. Neirman has so excelleully said thoat development appltat 
bera legilimatt'ly and fully. Existence joBUfies additions and stagvs in 
oxisteuce. The Uving edifice planted on the fotmdalion. Lft rrcrv "m 
fhat rnimflh thu name of Chrlsl JrjMit /rom tniqitily, could not but grow. 
if it lived at aU. If it grev, it could not but make dcvelt^uaeuta, and oil 
derelupinenta not incnniiiHtt'nt vrith the aim of its original foandntion, and 
Dotexlending beyond the moral and pnclicul splicrti wbii'h nit!! the spbou 
of iU ori^ioul foundation, are legitimated by the vert' ioct of the Church 
having iu the ualural evolution of its life and growth made them. A boy 
doe« not wear the clothes or follow tho ways of an in£uit, nor a man tboM 
of a boy ; yet Uiey are all engaged in the coie tiame hostness of devdoping 
tbeir growing life, and to tho clothes to bo worn and the ways in be 
followed for the parpose of doing this, nature will, in g«nera], direct them 
saialy. Tlie several eoattcred cougiegatioits of the first age of CThristianity 
ooalcBcod into uno comniiiuity, jttet as the several aonttered CbrlstiunahaJ 
oarlier tttill coalesced iuto congrcgatioDS. Why? because rach wis tb* 
natural course of thlDgs. It had nothing inconsistent with their fandoxDutal 
ground. Let eiery one thai namcth the mime oj C/trist liej-ari /rt>m ini^uitsf, 
and it was appmrcd by their grotring and enlarging in it. They developed 
a church -diiiripline with a hierarchy of bishopn and archbishops, wliieh 
was not that of tim Brit times ; they developed church- nsages, b*iiefa as 
the practice of infant baptism, which were not those of the first timet ; 
they devdoped a church-ritual, with ceremonies which were not thoM of 
the first times ; they developed nil these, just as they developed a church- 
architecture which was not that of the first times. t>ocnnsa they were ua 
longer iu the first times, and rcijuired for their expandiug grovrth Trhat united 
their owu times. Tbcy coalesced with the Stale U-cause they grew by doong 
so. They called the faith they possessed In common tho Catholic, thai U, tba 
gmoral or uiiivt>ival foitJi. They developed, aUo, as we havo seen, dogma 
or a theological philosophy. Both dogma and diBciphne boeame a part 
of the Oathalic Atilb, or profesaiua of tbo general body of Cbristtans. l^i 
devdop a diicipllnc, or form of outward life for itttelf, the Cburrh, am hiu 
been said, had noceiifiaTily like urury other living thing the re4|iuailft 
■Ittalificalionu ; t<> develop selcutific do:;nia it Imd out. Hut uron of the 
dogma which the Church developed it may bo said that, from the very 
natuni of thlnga, U wa* probably, as compared with the opposing dogma 





ovnr whicb it prevailed, tlie more Rnit«d to tbe octu*! ootHU^oQ of tbu 
Cbuncli's life, and lu Uiu due growth of tlio dirino work for whioli «bo 
cxiiitett. For mtctince, whatever may be scieiiUKcally the riglils of tiui 
ir]utst[on abcmt graco and frco-nill, it is endent that, (or the Chnrob ul 
Iho filUj centory, Felftgianisin wns the less iospiriDg and edifying doctriuc, 
nnd the itensc of bfin-j in //ic dirine hand was tbe (b(>liag wbicL \i was 
(;ootl fur C'tirlfilinus to bo filled with. ^Vbatever miiij' be scientifically ttiu 
rights of thf dispnt« between Anns and Athiimwius, for Iho cbarcb of tbcb' 
time wlmtcvor moat vialt«d or Bocmed. to exalt Christ was clearly tbe 
profit-iblo doctrine, the tloetrine most helpful to thnt moral life wbieb weh 
tiio trao Ufc of tbo Church. People, however, there wei-e in abtinditnee 
who dilTorcd on puiuts both of discijihuo uod of dogma from the nilv 
whteh tibtuinod in tho Chureh, and who ecpuratcd fi-om bor uu account 
of that diffcroDce. These were Uie bereticH ; nrpuratuis, ag tbe name 
implies, /'>r the mkt of opitiwits. And the very nnme^ therefore, implies 
that they wbto wrong in sepiLraling. and that the body which htld together 
Wat! riglit; because the Cbarcb oxiittd, not for the snke of opinions but for 
tlio ttake of moral praeltre, mid a united ondt^iivoor nfler thitt in Ettrou^cj* 
than n broken one. ValeDtiniane, Marciouiles, Montauists, Donatifltx, 
MaoichieaDs, NovatifiDs, Kutychinofl, ApoUiuarians, Arians, Pelagians, if 
they fioparatcd on poiuta of disi'ipUno they were wrong, becanso (or ia- 
Telopiog its own 111 ontward coudJUons of life Iba body of a cnmmanity 
has, aa wo bare soon, a real nalnml power, and individuals nre bomid to 
sacrifice their faccies to it ; if Uiey separated on jwints of dogma they 
were wron^ also, becaase, while neither tbr-y nor the Church had the 
tncann of detemiining tiuch poinlB adiii]nittcly, the trac instinct Uy in 
thoBO who, iu6tc«d of separaliug for saeb points, eoaeeded tbem, aa Ibo 
Clinreh Rcttted them, and found their bnnd of noion, whero it in tmth 
r<:aUy wue, not in notions about the co-etomity of the Son, hat in the 
principle, Lrt ttfr)/oae that numtlh the nnmt o/ Chiiet tUjmrtfi'itm iuiijnitff. 
Docs any one imagine that all tbe Church abared Augustine's spoculnttre 
opiiiiouH aUmt graco and predestination ? that many mombers of it did not 
TttUitT inelino as a matter of s^Mxsulative opinion to tbo notions of 
pL'Is^piis ? Docs any one ima^nc that all who stood with tbe Clmroh and 
did not join tbemficlves to tbo Arians, were speculatively AthanaalaQs ? It 
was nnt mi; biit they had a tniu feeling for wlutt purpose thn QoHpt-l and 
the Church were given thorn, and for what they wore not givtu Ibt-m ; Ihnt 
'* impious and piotta living," according to ibal sontenco of EpipLauius we 
hare quoted from Hammond, " divided tho whole Christian world into crro* 
neons and orthodox ; " and that it was not worth wbilo to eulfor themadves to 
be divided for anything d&c. And ihongh it will bo said that separatists for 
opiuiuDri on |Hiint8 of diitoipline and dogma have often anaerted, and somc- 
timcH bolievud, tbut piety iind impiety were vitally concerned in these 
pointei; yot hero again ibo trae religious iaKtinct is tliut which discerns,— 
vrhai IB seldom so rery obsenro, — wbotber thoy oro in truth tbuR vitally 
concerned or not ; and, if thoy ore not, cannot bo perverted iota (juu>^ns\% 


tbem concerned and broakbg nnity for Uiom. Thift, I saji is Uio 
roUgioue infttbct, tbo lustioct which most cImtI^ seizes tbe esscaee imj 
aim of iho ChriflUaQ Gospel ninl of the Christian Church. Bnt fidolitr lo 
il leRTCK*. nhOf thd way least clMHud to tho admission of troo doTolopments 
of speculative thought, vb«n tho iimo is como for them, and to Lhi'It tueor- 
poration vith th« ideas and proctico of Chiistians. 

I8 them not. then, anj separation which is right and roafoiubk? 
Yoii, Bf^pnraliiin on plain pniut^i of morals ; for tbeso involTo Iho vatj 
essence of tho Cliristiim Oospt-l, and llie vcrj gronud on wliich lb« 
Ohristinn Chnrch is built. Tho sale of tniliilgencei, if dolibentclj- 
iiifltitntod and persiaUd in by the main bodj of the Chnrch, aSbrdcd a 
valid reason fur breaking unity ; thu dortrino of purgalurr. Or of tho real 
proa6De«, did not. Moreover, a eoiimopolitan Chnrch order, commonecd 
when the political orgnniTiation of Chr)stian<t vna also oosinopalitant — 
when, that is, tho naUons of Enrope were politieall}- one in the nnitj of the 
ItomoQ Empire, — might voU occasion difficulUos as tho nalinut solidified 
into iudopcodcnt slates, with n keen sonse of their independent life ; so 
Ibat, tho co^mnpolitnn Ivpn disappearing for civil afEiint, and bfiiog ru- 
placed by the nationid type, the saiuo disnppc&rnuco luid reptaenmcot 
taadod to prevail in ecclesinfitical afloira also. This, boweyer, was a 
political difUcaltj, not ti religions one, and it raised no r ' ^ bar lo 

oontinned religious luiiun. A Church with Anglican libc; . . :it vrll, 
tho English natiomil spirit being wbat it is, have been in roligiouB eosa- 
manioD with Romo, and yet baro been snfoly tnisted to maintain and 
develop its national liberties lo any extent required. The moral corrup- 
tions of Gome, on tbo other hand, wen- a real ground for Mparatiou. Oo 
their account, and iHilely on their account, if they could not bu ){ot riil of* 
wft8 BDporation not only lawful but ccoessary. It has always heea ths 
avormeol of the Church of England, tbat the ehaogo made in hot at lh« 
Bdbnnation was the very least cbango which was absolalely nceessaiy ; that 
nbe merely get rid of Roman corruptions that were immoral and intolerable, 
aoA remained tho old, historic, Catholic Cbitrch of England stilL Thus 
much, at nny rate, may bo allowed, — thai slie kept enough of ibe past td 
preserve, as far as ibis nation was concerned, her continuity, to be still 
tho hitiuru' Chnrch of England ; and that she avoided the error, to which 
ihuro was so mnch to draw her, and into which all tho other rvfnm>4>d 
Clmrobca fell, of molting improved speculntiro doctrinal npiiuous the 
main eronnd of her srparation. A Konconformiat newspaper, ropnjacluus 
tb ir opinion, her greatest ■■■:»t 

nil; _\ she is " a Church tbut V-x 

own mind," roundly ovsorts tlint *■ dd man in hie sensos eon d IiS 

ChuTob irf Eogtuod wai mean' ' ■ - '" 1 1.. 11-..-.--. . , -.^^,. 

licnl, ttljd it wnr bo anid Cal\ii ■ wh(«I« 

iNiinae of f .on' disprove tmch nu Is 

is wbal thi ;..;„i olwayg wanlrri to ma:. i-^ 1, :-: 'Me 

drateh would never ho made,^ bal wo can dispron it> I0O1 'out of Um 




monllifl of Uio verf Parilaofl Lhomsulvca. At tlio Saroj- Ooufareiiee Lbe 
rnnlADS iirgoil thiit " oar first rL-fonntTs oal of their groal wisilom tlid 
at tUat timo (of tlio RcfonnatioD) ao coinpose Iba Litiirg}', ns to win ujma 
the P«put8, and to draw them into theit Church commonion by tfari/inff a.t 
liUU OA Oiey ciruld /rom tha livmuh/oron bej'oiv in kxl- ; " and this they 
all«t{eJ Its tbuir groat ploA for pur^g the LiLiirgy. And the Dtfthopo 
resieted, (uid upheld Uie jirocoeding af the rcfiirmtrH us tho ijfl&«ntial 
^ policy of tho (Jhnrdi of Kuglaud, as indoisl it wna, and tjH this day has 
P oontinncd to bo. Ho, tho Chnrch of England did not giro her ouergie»| 
F to biTOQtiug a now ehnrch-order for horgelf and fighting; for U ; to singUngr j 
I out lutp or three spoBnlatiro dogmas as the ossonec of (lltriBtiamty, and 
I fightiDg ior them. Bhe svt ht>r8olf to can^' forward, aud as macb as posHtblo 
^^cn the old linos, tho old practical work aud proper design of the Cluiiiliaa 
^KChurch; and thi< is what left her mind comparativoly open, as wo bar* 
^^ Been, for tiio ndnuKsion of philosopliy and criticism, as Ihcj- slowly dere- 
loped tbemnclvi^H oattude tlio Clitircb aiid filtered iuto her', an adnuSfiiOD 
which confoascdiy proves just now of capital importance. 

This openness of mind the Piiritaus hare not shared with tho Church, 

and how ithotUil Ihfij lutro shared tt ? TUey arc founded on tho negaUon 

of that idea of dcvtUiptncnt which pluys so impoitont a part in tho li£s 

of tho Church ; on tho Bssamptiou that Ihcro is a divinoly appaiuted 

flhurch-order Qzed onco for all in the Bible, and lh«t tbe>- havo adopted 

it ; that thcro is a doctrinal scheme of faith^ justification, and imputed 

rightconencsB, which ii> tho test of a standing or faltiog church and the 

CEBonce of the Gospd, ami that they liaro extracted it. These aro 

isumptions which, a>j they mnko union impossihlo, bo also mnko growtli 

ipowiblc. Xbc Church makes church-order a matter of ecclesiastical 

itution, is fonndcd on montl practice, and though i^ho derelopti 

leculatiru dogma, does not uUuw that this ur that dogma is the essence of 

istianity. " Coiigregatiimal NuncoiiformistHi". say the Independents, 

''can ncTorbe incorporated into an organic nntou with Anglican Episco- 

aajr, becaoio there is not ercu the shadow of an outline of il in the 

Testament, and it is ooi* at;sottiou and profound belief that Christ i 

Iho Apohtlcs have gircu us all the laws that are necessary fur tha 

loaatitutiwt and government of tho Chnrch,"* ** Whalerr-T may come," 

tbii rrcsidcut uf tho Wcah^yan Conference, " we arc determined to 

plu, earotfit rroachers of tho Oosjui. ^VhiitoT«r may come, we are 

tflrmlued to be tmo tu iyciijiiiiiitl Pivlottmtuui. We would l>e friendly 

With all OTaugfilteol rhnrohcs, knt wo will have no iellonahip with tho 

man of sin. We will give up Ulb it«el£ rather than be oufaithfid to tho] 

ih. It ia oura to rri.- ■ 're: ■ Come, sinners, to ;' ' ( 

d this ftfi>jul, this / rrutcxtitiUiJim, this li .Lrinftj 

jitstiiicatiuu by " plmdiog suloly tho blood of tho corenant," 

hicb wo huTo said so mnch. Metbodislif oannot ooite wiUi n cht 

• Addrcn ot the IUT. G. IV. Omi-I'"' *r I.ti.-ju-^l. in tVn f.^nn-nth-r^ Vatujrfga 
Homol CaUivIur for 180V>70. 



wliicL does not hoM Una doctrine of jaslificattoa, bat whieb bolds llie 
doctrine of priestly absolatioa, of tbe reaX prc3eDC{>, and otber doctrines 
like stamp ; CoDgregfttiouAlists cAonot nuito vith a cbnrcb wbich, lj«<ddM' 
not boldtng tbe docttrinti of jiistiltoalion, Ims u v hi) rt'U -order not put' 
Bfribed in the Ne^ Testament. Now an Hooker trnly says of tboso wbo 
"desire to draw all thinga unto tbe determination of bare nnd n»kei 
Scripturt;," as Dr. NewmnQ bss eoid, and ss many others bare said, tbe 
Bible does not cxbibit, drawn onl in black and wbit«, t!iB preei- 
and osjiges of any Christian sociely ; Bomo inference and <■. 
mtist bo employed to get at tbem. "For the most part, even Ktieh as 
are readiest to cit« for one tbiug fire hnodrod scntonc«!t of Seriptnre, 
what wiurant have they that niiT>ouo of them dolh mean tbe tbitig for 
wbteb it is allfiRed ? " N.iy, " it is not Iho word nf God ildtlf ubich 
doth, or possibly can, assure ub that we do well to think it big nnrd.'* 
A process of reasoning nnd collection is ucccs8at7 to get at tbe Bcriptaral 
cbnrch-diseiplind and tbe Fcriptural ProlefilBiitism of tbe Pm'itans ; in 
vhort, Ibis diseipliuo and this doctrine lu-e dovelopmcntB. And Ibe fir»t 
is a falM dcTclopnieDt in a niatfrr where (here was a power of making a 
true developmeot, and where the Church made it ; the second is a dare- 
lopment gathered by unsound procc«a of collection in a matter whore 
neither the Church nor Puritaoism hftd the power of maldng tmo de- 
vclopmonfa. Bat as it is the tmtb of its Scriptural Prot^tauliem wbtcH. 
in Puritanism's eyefi rspecinlly proves tlie Irtith of its Scriptural chiirefa 
order which bas this Protestantism , and the falsehood of the ArgUom 
church-onlvr which baa much less of it, to abate the confidence of tba 
Puritans in their Scriptural Proteatanlism is tbe first step towards their 
uniyo, 5o much to be desired, with the nalioual Church. Vtv say, there- 
fore, that the doctrine : " It is agreed between Ood and tbe me<1iiitor Jesaa 
Christ the Son of God, surety for the redeemed, ns partios-contractoia, 
that tbe sintt of the redeemed ^hould be imputed to innocent Cbrbrt, and 
ho both cundcmnRil and put to dcalh for them upon this rery coodilino 
tUat whosoever heartily consents unto the covenant of recoDvilifltioB 
offered through Christ ahall, by the imputatiou of hia obedience mi 
them, be jo&tified and holdcn rij^btoous before God," — we aay that thl 
doetrioo is aa much a human development from the ti.-xt, "Cbri^t Jeans 
came into the world to save sinnora," as tbu doctrine of priestly absolu 
tJoD it a hnmnn development from the text, " Wbosvsoovur aius ye rumiti 
tbej are remitted auto tbem," or the doctrine of the real presenco from 
the text, " Tako, eat, this is my Imdy." Wo have shown at lengUi Iba 
the rvcL-irpd dtiirtriua of jtiBlificRLiou i& au onsound dti^elopmeDl. It 
be said that tbe doelriue of prirstly absolntioQ and of the real pr< 
ora unsound devolopmeota alao. True, in our opinion they arc so; 
are, like the doctrine of jnatification, develofm«iit« made under enndii 
which precluded the possibility of wuml ■! 

tbe diA^rcnco is here : tbo Church of Eii^ . ' ■ 

tianily witli these auoand derolopmoDts ; ahe doea not call •ilbor 









tbezo Seriptmttt Protalantis:n, or tntlh, or the GofpH ; iho doos cot intist 
tbnt oU vLo arc in commauioa iriUi her nbonld hold them ; she docB 
iu>t roptil Cram hvr commuuiou thoso vt-bo hold doctruica at variuncc with 
Ujoiu. Kbo trealA tlwm as she dubs tho received doctrino of jiiiitifi4ration, 
to which she dovH not tie herself u[i, but learcB people to hold it if th«j. 
fileBM). Bho thuB provides room for growth and further chaujjc io thcM 
very doctriues tbomsclvcs. But to the dootrine of jiiatifi«titioii PoritaDisin 
lies ilsnlf up, just as il tied itticlt' up formerly to the doctriue of pre- 
deetluRtioa; it roUit it Keriplural ProtcfitaDtiem, trtttb, the Gotipcl; it 
will hiLTd commnDion with mmo vbo do not hold it; it repels commonioD 
wilb any who hold the doctrities of pric&tly absolntioa aitd the rent pre- 
Mmce, hManee they (term at variauee with it. Yet it in really itself no 
better than Ibcy. But how cau growth possibly find ploeo in Ihia doctrine, 
while il ia held in such a fofditon ? 

Every ooo who porceivca and Talaos the povor eontiuDod id CbrisliAnity, 
tast bo atnirk to Hec Imw, nt the prerient moment, tho progroftfl of thin 
ror seemn to dopnnd upon iXa being able to dinengnge itself from 
•pecnlntire acen'tloutt ttiut encumber it. A considerable moremetit (o this 
md is vidldo iu the Church of Knglimd. The mo«t nnkedly epecnlative, 
and therefore Uie must inevitably dofeetive, parts of the PmyerBook, — 
tho AlbnnaatJUi Creed and tho Thirtynine Articles, — our generation will 
not improbably sec the l^yer Boole rid of. But the larger the body in 
rhich Ihis mc^viucul workf), the greats is lh« power of the movement. 
LhoCburrh of Kugtaud were dis-estftblisbed to-day it would be desirable 
rS'Wtablish her to-mnrrow, if only beaiRBs of the imme.DBc power for 
''development v\i\c\\ n nitlinmU body poosegses. It is becaase I know somo* 
thing of the Koiic'nf Tnii^t ministers, nnd whnt eminent force and facnlty 
many of tliem have for coutribnting to the work of development now before 
^tbe Ctinrch, that I rannuL bear to see the waste of power caUAed by their 
rattfim and battling with tho KstiibliBhmcnt, which absorb their enorgies 
too much to snffor thorn to cftrry forward tlie work of development them- 
selves, and cut tbemotfli'omniding those in the Cburcfa who cnrr^'it forward. 
Tbcir poltUcol diswnl, based on their cODdemuatioii of the Anglican ehnreh- 
^order an unBcriptnrol. is just one of those spoculalive aecretions which wa 
w« spoken of ns encnmboring religion, rolilica are n gno<] thing, and, 
L'ligioD is a good thing; but they make a fiTietious mizlurc. " The non* 
riconformity of Kngluod, nnd the nonctmformity alone, has been tlie solvation 
of blnglond fruiu Papal tyranny and kingly misnUo and doRpotism." * Thia 
is the (kvourito boiut, tho &miliiir stntiu ; but this iH really pclities, and 
not raEgion at oU. Bat rightconsnoas is religion ; and tho Nonconformisls 
Bfty : '* Who have done so mneh for rigbi«ousDe«s as we ? " l-'ur as mnch 
rigbteoasDesiR as will go with politics, no one ; for the sterner virtues, for 
tho Tirtnea of tho Jews of the Old Testament ; but tbesu are only bulf of 
ri^hteouHUCiM and not the essentially Cbri^tian hair, nnd wo ban seen hov 
Bl, Paul tore luniHidf in two, rent his life in the middle and began it again, 
• TUe Be*. G. W. t>mder, itbi tupra. 



bMAttSd he vaa so dissatlsdcd with a tij^bteoiuiiess which vas. aA«r 
in iU main fentnroa, Puritan. And sorely il can LatUl.v itfi dfiZtiad 
the more omincutly ftud Bxai'Uv C/(rn(fiiM Ivpeofrightf * ;'j';t 

«xiiibitf>il bv Cbarcli wortliics like Hcivbrrt, Ken, and \ . . . tbiui 

ihol exhibited by tho vroitbies of Pnhtaninn ; the l-bubo boio^ ibat Ui« 
first mixed politics vtth religion so mach less than the uccmd. Paul, 
bd it remombcred, condt'iaucd di-tuuioQ in the society of ChrijeUaiis 
much (ifl he di-clinfil pulitirs. This dews not, '. ' ' nvn, makn 
the Poritaus' rc-rusal to Inko the Inw from t) > isaricfi but il 

mukfi against their aUcgntion that it doca not matter ubotJiflr tho bmibIj 
of Christiaiu ia aoit^d or not, aud ihtit then aro crcn groat adTaDtago» in 
MparatiFm. If An;,;licaiin maiotflined thnt their Cburch-ordoi* waa writtwi 
ia Scriptnre aud a ualtcr of divine eumniand, then, Co; i^aliiUi 

m&inlaJuiQg tho samo Ibiug, to the controversy between tbi :. 
be no end ; bat non', AugbcaoB maintaiuiog no fiuch thing, but that th< 
Cbnrch-ordor is a matter of historic dt^volopmout and niktnral «xpedioai 
that it has i/rottn, — n-hich m evident enough, — aud tbul Ibo usaeaca 
ChriiiLiauity is in no wiitc coneomcJ «ith suob uattere, why aUoaU 
the XouoonfomiisLti adopt this moderate riew uf the ca&o. which const: 
them to no adaisnon of inferiority, bnt only to the renonndng an ii&. 
divine Bupcrioriiy and to tho recognition of on i ' "" t, and 

Church bifehopit bh n deTolopment of Catbolio aoti] : ^ as tboy ha 

adopted Church miuuc and Church arcbitectnro, which are di!?t>lopmao 
of the same ? Then nuf^bt there arise a mif^hty and ondiiitmcted 
of joint life, which woidd Irausform, iudtxil, the doetrines of priv«' 
absolution and tho mil prcFcnce, but which would truunfoviu, e^i 
i<e)ijitunii rfit!e»luiitiMii of itnputvil rijjhtooaBUCSs, aud uhioh wo: 
more ibr real rightounsncss tuid for Christianity than has ever 
done yet. 

TiUotion'fl proposals tor comprehonsion, drawn ap b 1689* caonol 
too mnch studiod at tho prosaut juncture. ' These propofulp, with w 
Itis name aud Umt of Siillmf;f1eoi, two of the raotit ostiuaUe oauios ia 
I J^ngUbh Chorch, are epc«taUy associated, hmniliuto do onO) rcfoto oo 
f they take tho basis of cziatini; fActs, aud (•nde.iTour to bnlld on it a 
I vniou. They are worth (juuting entii-e, and I coiiidude «ith them. T. 
LdetatlH otir present circduuttanu-T^ mi^bt mudify; Ibeir Bpidl on; 
[{don of Choreh-refonn uiu»t lake bb its rule. 

" 1. That Ihti corotnonioB cqjoincH or rocommondod in Uio Itiltiigf 
rCanons bo toft iurlitfercut. 

" 2. That the Utarg>- bo caivfbUy reviewed, and such ultmtiow 
chaneei Im Ibcrttio made as may supply the dr&cts and retnuTe as iuu«lk 
pomibloallgt< . ' ' ^ ■ ■ . : 

phal Umotm II , 

serrioB 'I' ' 1)1" 11, and tn mitDT oUi. 

"ft. il. .; ..,-i^..-. lormer dechiratiiinjt anil - ^■'"- ""■ 

by rainiston, it ahall bu suiB«i«Dt tx them that ar\^ 




vt their nuiusfci^' in the Chnrrh of Gugloud to Buhscribd ono general 
dcetaralion ami prooiiw to this piirpotfe, xiz. : That vc do whmil to thr 
doftrinr, Htinj'tine, nil*' *eo}tItip i>/ (Jie Chnrcfi o/ Engiami n* it shall ft" 
fjtoit'.ithfil Ay latr, utul proinlsf to Uack and practin^ tireonlintfltf, 

"4. Tbataiiewboil)- of ecclei^iai^tical Canons ho lUAde, pulicnlarlj \trith 
a regard lo n raoro cffecltial provision for tlio rcfamintioTi of mannrre both 
in ministerR anil pcopic. 

"5. That there bo on cllcotmil ri^gixlation of occlesiostic&i courts to 
rcfflody the grvAt nlmsca miil inconveaioiiccg which hj degrees and length 
of timo h&xf' cri'pt into tli^m ; mid particularly that the poiver of excom- 
mtmicoliou bo lakou out uf tho bnuda of Uy ofOcera antl placed in the 
binbrtp, and not lo bo cxcrcisc^l for tns-inl m&tti?r!i, bnt upon great and 
weighty occn&iouB. 

" 0. That for the fattire those i^ho have been oxdaioed in nay of Iho 
foreign chnrcheB he not roquin-O to ho ro-ordaiui»I here, to render -them 
capable of preferment in the Church. 

"7> That for the fotnre none be capabtc ofany ceclcsiaatioal hcooficAOr 
proftnnent in tbo Church of l^uylaud that shall bo ordained in EngUnd 
othexwise thim by bUbopii ; and that those vho hiive been ordained only by 
proabyters ehall not bo eompellcd to i«uoanco their former ordination. Bnt 
because mauy have ntul do bUU doubt of the validity of such ordiuntjon, 
wltere opixcopal onlination may be had and is by !aw retiuircil, it Khali be 
saOiciont for tneh persona to receive ordination from a bitibop lu this or 
the like form : * If thon art not already ordained, I ordain thee,' ix. ; as 
in ease a donbt bo mmls of any one's baptism, il is appointed hy the 
Liturgy that he be baptized in this form : * If thou art not baptized, I 
bapti» thee.'" 

These arc proposals " to be made by the Chiirch of Kngland for the 
Bpion o( Pti>trstni\t'i." Who cannot sec that the power of joint life already 

kco of would bo (ax greater and strongur if it comprehended Iloman 
Cntholira ton : aud wUo cannot, twe, also, that in the chnrches of the most 
strong and living lUimau Catholic cauuUiL's,— iu Fraocu and Gt-rmauy, — a 
luoreuGnt ia in progress which may ono day inako a general anion of 
CbrifltQudoin posstblo? Gat Ibis will not. be in onr day, nor is it hnsiness 
which tbo Ki)[;Iadi1 of this g<-''nen)lion is set lo do. What may be done in 
onr ilay. whiU our geuoratiun ha-s iXiv call and the means, if only it haa tho 
resolution, to perform, Is the union of Prott'slauts. Out Ihia nnion vritl 
never be on the haais of the actual Scriptural ProUMonU'sm of onr Pnritane ; 
and becanae, eo long as ihey take Ihia for the Ootptl or ^ood news of 
Chiisi, tlioy cannot possibly jutte on aur other basis, the drst ittep towards 
uciou is Hhoiriug ihiin that this ia not the (impel. If vrc liam anoeceded 
in doing even so miieb towards union as to connneo one of them of thi>t. 
1T0 have not written in Tain. 



CtMTular Jrom Monntnir lir Bni'/trri, Prefect aj ih« Ifauia Selnf, la tkt 
M"*for» t(f the Th'te handred and ttn ComsiiHiiet iti hi» l>ffHirlnu»t. 


UoNSiKOB ut Maib£ — Sthic&ounr, l«f FtUvary. 

1 intiTE to remind yon that the acDiial dravrmg of lbt« for th« cm- 
seription of tho miHtiiry and naval coDtingGjiti; tnll lake pln«c on iki 
14th of Fuliraary and fullowing daja, at Uto chief towus of the caslatd, 
and to rcqnest that jou will post up ad announeomoat to that effc«t « 
the Doltce-board of vourMairie. I need scorcelradd, MooA«tir lo 31aire, 
that thifl year, as on fomier occasions, the Oovemmont ri^lies on juu to 
Bporo uo oUorts In ondearoiiriDg to slimulato a hoalUiy militarjr oath 
ia those of the young meo of jour commnne whose tnm ik vill bo 
uraw. Yon will ho regalarly supplied vith sdrcrol copies of the Monii 
th- VAnnci; as also vilh some iuti.'rt;>iliu<; Eoldior-lidos iu the fatta of 
trnctB, which yon will distrihuto amongst the villagers, not forgvUing. 
v-hcn yon do so, to expntlato on the numcroos and brilliant adrmotagu 
which a uartial career holds out. The certainty of rapid promottoo, lli« 
prospect of vrtuuing the Cross of nnnuiir by valour on the field, the glorr 
of belonging to Uiu first army in the world, the possibility of rising froin 
the rank of private Boldicr to the very highest dignities in the Stat« : all 
these aro points npon which yon will, no doubt, ace the important* of 
dilating at length. BhuuU yon notice any LrACes of a rutiUc2S or inmhttf' 
dioate spirit in your cammime, it will he easy for you to puiut out tbii 
Ow aoldier who is comfortably boosed, cluthed, and fed, and who, 
tddttion to the pay he receives whilst in the Stfrvice, faaa a paasion 
vidad for him when he is old, stands in a position fai ' 1 >I« to 
of tlte peasant, whoso amall gains aro anhject to the vr . -. of 

and weather, and who, after a long and often vury chot-rit'^ lilu of cod 
slant labour, hardly scrapes together a sustcnanco for his declining 
In cases whiTe thoso arguments would fail in producing the desuod 
yon might alludt.' with jirvifil tu tho diuigcre which tha coantry wunU 
anlasa properly defended hy a valiant army, to the fanrrrirs of 
invasiou, to the ambitionf schemes of neighhoariog Powers, and to 
DflCMiity of luwping in check the revolutionary socialists of Poria 
other lar;go oitjus, who advocate communism, and woald stxip tho pi 
of bis field in order to divido it amongst thvmsdvos. In ahorli IA 

L Ullk 

tio, i^_ 




lo Mairflt it will lie wiLlt ytior dtscrotion to adopt oU those moUioda 
of vorbnl sttmQlntioTi and Qiicniinigi>m(mt tiial mnv be suggested tu joa by 
TOUT dovotiou to tho liDpcritU GovtrDinutil, miJ b^ your patriotic xoal. 
Rocoirot Sir, tbo osKunuice uf mv tost acutiments. 

IIbctor Dit BotsrvRRi. 

I^'er /row 3f. <?<? Bo'tsfeni, Pref^ of the Haute Sei»e, to G«iinai ifa, 
Ca^p-Ciiermn, fommanding lft9 Hilitary ForctM of the VUtn'ft. 

My vTtkJL Gkskrai. — S^lnebotirift F^^ruaty 1. 

1 wiBii Tou would kiodly (jive your colonels the order to march ont 
A good deal with their regiments ioto the comitry districts doring ihe 
neit two or three wcel:s. Tho more tbej march with their bands plny- 
ing, roloan flying, oflieurs and vivimdii'-ros in (M xaaJona, the hotter it 
will tc>. I am looliiiti; forward mther nerroasly to tho eonseriplion. 
Ever li^iee GovcrnmeDt has sulTurcd th« Firis press to wag its toiigao, 
ftDjthJpf; like authority has become impossible. Not two diiys ago I got 
a uotu frum lliu Homo Muiister, telling mo ho hoped the rccniilmout 
woald giro rise to no distnrbaaeefl ; and by tho siuno post oimo a handle 
at Uadlcat papers tram tiic enpitnl, inciting the peiuaintr}- not to HutmiL to 
the eoiucriptioa and to rufus^ pnyiiig thoir taxes. The Opposition print 
of SetDobourg, too, ts getting unmnoa^eabla. It makes pnna Dpon my 
name, and dips' into my private life. Bat what am I to do ? I dare not 
proseoiite. Four Limea already tlis Procurear-ImjM'rial has asked me 
leave to dn^ tho prtper into cutu't, and each, time the Home Miuistor has 
rofused to e^nctlou the prosecution, ou the gromid that to do £o would bo 
to make him and mo aopopalar. Unpopnlnr indeed ! I would take my 
share of uapupnlarily ntadily enough If be would take his. Do yon 
renumber thoBo hnlcyou days when wo had Itilhiult, St. Amaud, and 
Fenigny in the Mluiatry ? There was not uu Opposition paper in the 
Depftitmoot; at the eleutiomi CTerythiiig went an smooth as a Irook on a 
tnuuway ; and if wo heard of a Badical an,ywhero to Iha neighbourhood wo 
simply lucked bini up. Those wore good times ; and yoa mny depend 
upon it, that with their ncw.faogled iileaa and rose-wat^T Miniflters, Uio 
Empiro will come to no good, lioworcr, to rcreit to my subject, tho cod- 
flchptioD is lo take place iu a few days, and I am to prerent distarhancos 
without hanog reeonrso to what his Excellency terms "oppreBsiro 
■eaaiirefl." Tbia is prcltv much m if they wuio to tvU mo to drive a 
IJI into tho wall without hitting it. I mnst truiit to you to help me. 
Try and persmule your oBIcen lo make thcmtelres as agreeable aa poa- 
8ibl«. Let them imilo at tbo women ; throw their mouf-y about a Uttlo 
in village imia ; and, whrn they get the chance, talk hopofiJIy to tbo 
bumpkinn nbDUt the fucilily of rising from tho ranks. Tbii) idwurs takes 
well. I need not nimind you thatourpeasantii are very much more btupid 
ilian any other peasants I have erer hid iho opportunity of observing : 
If I had tho lims tu hare b five miuutM* int«rrtcw with a few score of 



Uium. torn by titra, I should pcrsTude Uicm, wilhoal siQch Ircmljifr, IbM 
private soldier becomes a field-marslxal afUr two vaara' aerr jc*. UaliMrta* 
nateiy I bare Dot the timt<, noil Ibttl in why I hav* writtoa this. ExetM 
Bucli u long luUur. Prur oSot my Juud rugarde to Madomfl Lk Gc manU, 
and b«lioTe mc, my dear Crcncral, 

Very &!thfaUy ycmrw, 

P.S. — It ocean U> me that it vtmii bo do bad ptao If Colooel de i 
Snbrooacho v:eTo to ^ve a dozeu of ULj muarleat hu^^ani a furtmf,')i{ 
kuvc uf abtiouco, oud Mod them by Lwoe or thriHS to go the louud nf 
remoter villaj;es with £ve or six aapoli'onti apiL'oo iD their pi>chel«. 
mi^ht be wull to cbooso Gascotu : they Utlk tho host aad sjieud their mAC 
(joickeBt. I will Supply the napoleooa ; at least tbo ProfiictonU. food 
Xtler closing thia letter I fiball wriU; to Jroustigut-ur, to ask him to 
bia eltjrgj' tit work. But 1 rutber wistruat tbnt liiabop ; be is too loiull 
urgoirig. Tbo clergy, like tho UiulioUs, hare bad, of lote^ m greit 
more tother than i9 good for tbom. — 11. dl B. 

Letter /roia 21. dv Dots/erie tu ilitNaeii/tifW (/d^ureuii, Hishof of 



jof uH 
:tiOB ■■ 

1 nxviL just received tbc proapectatt of a now ** Jtoilc<l-Bcof and Fli 
Dol-WtuBteoat Club," lo which, I ob8£tTc, your lordship has oxtcndod vt 
(iiatioguished uud bimevolent potrooa^. Uay I hope, Moaseignonr. that 
you will allow me to join you va furlhonng tbg charitnblo ainw of thif 
generous iusljtutioii by adding my name to years on the list of anmta^ 
tmbscribcrs ? It has been, in all times, the pnmdest prerogative 
SUUo to assist the Cbmtib in her sacred misaiou of rebeiing the yrvtAa i 
mffeiiug homouity ; and it ik, doubtless, to this community of nctioo 
iba prosoeution of rigbtoaaa works that we mtut attribnUi the 
hamoay which bos so long existed between the civil goTorumevt sad 
th« clergy. The days are now happily, vaA &jr ever, ]»at whun lb* 
Chiircb could think that it bad any iiiterei>ta apart from tboBo of lU 
Stale. Such OS \& ihfi blondlug uf Lbu epintual life m the hiunan body 
with tlio pbyiicnl — tbo niuoD of the soul witb tbu bivrt — fmob idKiit Ih* 
oomMctiou bcltvovu (be eeelesiastical power and tbo ciitl; a cooi 
«u eloM oad sympathotic thai, to attempt any leTerance of it, woald la 
nJk tbu moat vital daugii^rs. For this rcaiuu, *' it beboi 

tha Chorch and the Stat«, on all oecaaioBS wbeu .. re^t 

tu put tlicir strtrugtb io oouinioQ : — ibo Hlat<\ by attsuiuij; nn<i cac«ui 
the Cbnrcb in her udminiitratioos &f obuity ; the Churcb. by inpportiflg' 
lh« State tD alt thutio naaasuTes uf good goremmtmt which ar« 
lo maintain unh:r and to safeguard the woU-bfliug of society. Uura |1 
once, already, it ha* been my happy privilege to thank your lonti 
Vtfy kind and coortcooi co-operation in my departm«uul labour 



am «im I may lafotv appoal &gab to yaar patriotuim to sooond me at thu 
approaoliing C'" ' ' ' it. Thu Frencli nrmT, ^[uDseigTl(!Il^, de^on-es tho 
ftdminttioo of :m : uiinjs, fur it in at once in Riublem of pe>ro, of 

roligion, unt of eivilJzatioD— of pcaco, because it- is odIj l^ ibo pt-iToa- 
SADco of A fitrooi* armed foro« Ibat Fi-aucc cau set a coti upon the rApa* 
cious Hc^hcDK>)> of foreign pnt«Dtutes i of religion, lK?«anso it Ia to Iho 
IVuaoh army tliut in due tliv (;lury uf Laviug pri>lect«d our lloljr I'slber 
iho Pope Ngainst tho nofarious inrasiou of lawless infidels ; and of 
cirilizatioQ, bccaone, were it not for oar soldiers, the nation vonld soon 
become a ptev to those godless republienas. who, in 179S, desecniiod tlio 
ehttrcLcs, prescnbed Iho CatliaUe faith and converted oiir country' intu u 
v.-Udfnic88. I should celoi'm it a favour if your lord^p would ilircct 
TOUT clergy to point out Iheso fact«, ia their BcnooDS, between tlii» and 
conscription time. In etery Tillage thc-io are diaaffectcd or Umoroufl 
Bpirits who refuse to look upon military sorrico as a debt which orory 
good I'itiiwn owes to the Htate ; and who, at tho drawiug of lots, are 
prouo to break oat into riols. The clergy may render great ossiBluicc! to 
tho GovjTrnmcut if they »t11 eiplain from their pulpito that the conscrip- 
tioQ is an institution founded ou tho principles of equality and justice ; 
tliat it 18 approved by the Church, and that, csisttDg as it does for the 
protection and happinees of the community, it is the duty of all honest 
men to submit to it vith patience and cheerfulnees. Thanking your 
lordship once more for your invariable readiness in seconding my labours, 
I have the honour to remain, Monsoigneur, 

Your very faithful and obliged serraut, 

H. uc lloisKEant. 

.iunourueiurnt pmUd up on Ihe yolkf^bfHtiiU cf ih« 2'hnf fiundrftt ttnd lai 
Mairiea of iht Dfjtartmtnt uj (h« Hnute ^'ru*. 

Ws, Tax Matoh — 

Tins 18 to gire notice, that on the Hth Fcbruarj- nnd foUowing 
Jays, the annual drawing of Iol» fur the rccruiUni>nt of the mitiluij nnd 
□ nvnl ooDtingonts will take place at the chief to<ms of tho cantons. 

Ail the young men vho completed their tirontieth year dnriug the 
conreo of tho lust twelve months will Ui rci)uircd to attend. The drawing 
of lots wU be Ktipf^riiitcnded by tbe Prefect of the Deparimeut, by the 
General commauiling tho divisiou, and by the Military laspector of ihe 
distriet. Claims for exemption liom inUitaiT serrice ivill be cxauunod 
by Iho CrvtiDcil of HfiTuioo, vbich mil commence its euttings on the 
let of March. 

Those who will he entitled to claim cxcmptioo before the Council of 
Bevision, bj virtue of the lava of 1793, ISID, and 1892, reguUting tho 
con»cription, aro:~l, only sonx of iridowaj 2, eldest brothers of orphan 
fitmiliw ; I), students preparing for the priesthood ; 4, brothers of 





soldiers RcUmlly Bcrving in Uio anuy;* oimIi 6, Iboso aB^pUii 
physksl infirmities of a nalara to iiicapaciLate Uieta for sorvic*. 

The drawing of lota will le porftHToed in publlo. Any ono c. ; 

tu upjieor and aoBwec to tlie ciiU o£ Uis name, imlfM luiKleri'd i > 
ccrtiliod illnesiii or any other grave impediment, vill henmODable to Um 
pounlUcs Bp«oifivd in the Ciiminal Code agaiDst miUtiLrjr deserters. 

B.v Order. 
Fdo'uary 2. XciE HaTOiT 

Letter fivin M. Hot-rTI Slaixfau {a;ie 20), Student of Lav, 4» kU 
iV. Gtutate Thtmoncel, Hedical StaJent in Parta. 



Villaffei of Cl^afp-hv-ypiXf 
UKAK Ddsioncki.— DeiKirtntntt o/ Haute Snue, Fclrumrf 4. 

Whkn I h'il you in Piiris Ufit ThnrKdav, to cunio Laolc to my natire 
village and luk« luy chance in that flcsh-and-hlood lolteij colled tLe 
eoDEcripliou. I promised to write and let yon know hov it ^cd vitb mv 
on my journey, and bow I was received by the inhatitAnt:! of litis intfr- 
csting though heaven - forfvton locality. 3ty coiintr^'men fuUDtJ QM 
improved, which is mora thou 1 can hay fur thcni. There baa long bwft 
a deep prejudice in theec i^aila against the Tain arts of reading aai 
writing, and I teamed, without astonisbmeot, that oar Mayor, who tuod 
to know his alphabet ns far as the letter Q, had retrogr:ided, uuuo I taal 
saw him, to the Iiatter G. Pi'DgrcKK widka harkwarda in ihene lotitadce* 
to muko uji for its cieesa of puc& lu other re^ons. 1 am glad to mrj I 
found my father and mother in good health ; hut my &thcr, who, u yoo.; 
know, is an old officer, still grieves me with Lis notions as tu goTcm 
mcul, which clearly belong to a fostii] era, and would expose bim l<j th 
ignominy uf being made a prefect, conld they bo known in hi^ qaari«rs. 
To8l«rday ho Icolnred me oo the chapter of reepool for constitiitvi 
iiutborities, ia lA-hich, he was sorry lo notice, I seemed deficient. I fiurr 
ho must hare htord mo espliiiaing to the Mayor ihni tho Km|ierQr tidi* 
to lligh Mass ovonr' Sunday ou a bicycle, and that the Cnbiiit-t sLbUc aflxri 
him in single hlo on stilts. My mother, who has loat all iUiuioiis as U», 
the great of the earth, since she heard that the Uiuistvr of Ftno Art 
dyed his hair,— my mother lota me talk, and lakes my purl. I ■ 
iihe has a grudge against the Mayor. That n)prRsentati^e of oi i 
his brother the churchwarden, each of them bought a new hot thrvo rt 
ago. and ns the novelty of the thing has not yet had time to wear o 
they have been bumplions on the strength of it over feineo. \Muii 
nrri^'cd here the day before yesterday, Z fbtrnd all the available pov 

" Tlic (mI itf llu'Tc licing utio br\>tltcr uMt of m hmWj olnait/ in the n ur (k' 

fiiii ntnjti" 1./.' il.. iiilirr Lrtiilim, I'Ui 

tu., .- -L... :. [,, . . —iiir WAV tlic cm 

ojul that uf tiiM 6Ith woultl r«eRi|<< ihc tixtb. 

.,.' r|.. 




of Cihaniji^s-Noix gathered in (xooi of Uio Hairic» to read the proclama* 
tion aboat the drawing of lots, frbich is to como ofTou the 14th. Tboro 
VAS n grcnt gawk tflariog nt tho pivpcr aud blcadng liko a calf: " I am 
Borrr for joa," I said, *' bat roa seem oSbcted. Is thera an3rthuig I can 
fsay to coDsole you ? " This proof of sympiilhy touched him. He 
vhimpored that biA name was (lunpiiicnn ; that be wns in love, and that 
if ho was taken by the coDseriptiou next vroek, his Bweetheart would have 
to wait seroQ yeora for him. I triod to reassore him on this head by 
explainiug that women are not addicted to wiuting fieren yeare, and that 
the virgm of his choice would assuredly solaco horsolf for his abeonce by 
Inking some ot)« else. Bat this failed to nuo his spirits. He sobbed to 
me that tba ^1 ho lored was not a woman liko other women, which made 
mo .think that ahe possibly had a few limbs mis«ing, or that sho waa ei^t 
feet high and ato Saming tow for saalennnee. But an hour or two 
latt'r T saw the girl, nod tbcD I tmderstood tho griof of poor Floupiocan, 
though I still wondered why he gave rent to it in pablio instead of 
retiring to a socladod place whciro there would bo nobody to interfere with 
him. Ah you aro awan!, fiivod Damonoel, 1 am not much giveu to sunti- 
uudL, which I havE! always considered out of place iu this age of steam- 
boats. — but, frankly, 1 caimot help feeling for Uie unfortunate Floupineau. 
He ia a gn^at loni, but there mast be some good In him, else that pretty, 
modest girl I Piiw cliuging to his arm would never love him aa she does. 
She trifd tn cbeur bim, and smiled at him through bor tears. Ho bore 
up wfll enoni^b wbil»t she waa there, but as soon as ahe was gone, he sat 
dowQ on n stone and cried as if his heart would break.. Poor fellow I I 
bcliere his heart waa breaking. I confess I didn't llku it, aud returned 
home to dinnnr, without much of an appetite. He had token mo to hia 
eoUago, and shuwn mo tho bouks in which Annette (her name is Annette) 
had taught him to rend. There was a Urge elate, loo, covvrtid with pot- 
hooks, on which he had been learniug to write, in order to please her. 
If be draws a lucky number on the 14th, they are to be married ; bat if 
not — why, Fluupiuoaa will bo put into a pair of rod trousers and uiarebcd 
off to serve tho eounlnp- fur the next neren yeftrs, at the rate of one sou a 
day, which makes 18 francs 25 centimes per miDum. I'louploeaa sees 
nothing in this prospect to cheer him, and I am not surprised to find that 
ho wisbea there were no Gotemment. As my own political views 
arc in close harmony witJi his n:i this point, 1 have promised to help 
him in the rcabzntion of Ibem, shonld ever the occasion present itself: 
JmX meanwhile X think tho best thing I can do for poor Floopineaa is 
get up a Babacription, and endeavour to raise the BOO franrs ri'quisitd 
to insure him.* Bolomou Mose, tho uaD-merchant, is 'at preseoi 

* In tlmo p( \ivan\ it RcneTalty ooets from 3,300 to 3,SflO to boy a xDlistilnte 
^efrnptufanl), Init by ioeuring floeaclf beforebuid — !.«. bctot? the dnnring of lots— it ia 
■llite bj gtt off ftve !>}' paj'tng 800 fr&nrs, 'Flic uuuranni ngrnta nn mo«Uy J«wa, 
>d ff) b;r tlu) (^nerir niuac of manhandt fThammet, If cdodiKtsd on a laigc acak 
boiIOGW Is a verj- lucrative one. 
TOL. XXI.— NO. 122. W. 



at Bftmoboorg, and hia terms are 800 francs ap to Uie ero of eoi 
BoripUoo day. Yoa sea there is not mttoh time to lose, far if the mtmt 
19 not nuacd bj llio 12lli, and Jtloupiacaa draws a bod tioket oo 
14tli, it will cost 2,300 francs to bay blm off, and I see no otianoe 
ever raising sncb a sum hqIcbs by hydraulic prcEsarv. Myself 
know, I am insnrod. My mother saved np tbo BOU francsi eon by son, is 
wonttid stocking, out of tbo 8,000 francs a year which the geaerosily 
the BtaU) allows to my father for haTiug been twice knocked over with 
rifle by Aiaha aud once by a Buesian. It was a piece of good-nature oo 
their part, for thero is the old military blood in both my paroute, and t 
Biis])oct they would not bHTO been i!orry to see mu tnkc luudiy to thi 
' chaBSGpot and win myself a pair of cpaulots. Bnt TUt atitrr rimm 
I Proridc-ace hae given me no taste for mounting guard on winter ntght«'^ 
with the thdrmometer at 15^ b«low freezing- point, and it is probably thii 
that inspires mo with a fullow-ftivUng for Floupincaii. Du your best, 
DomoDcct, to gather n few mites for my nulic cooplo. Ask Boniat 
Ballandu, Camille, Taiips, and the others, to Icvj a tax npoo theil 
jners. Yon can open my room, too, and take oat my fuiU, the 
'dnmb-belts, the plaster bast of Bobespiorrc, the edition of Vultoirv, actl, 
the Pierrot costume I woro last Carnival ; oU 'these are markotabli 
commiKiitteH which should looson tho pume-strtngs of the Mont de Pi^t^J 
to the tune of at least a few firancs or eo. . . Good-by. It is fonr o'clock,' 
tho hoar when the great guns of Champ-les^Noix meet al the caf- oppo- 
site, aud play dominoed with accompaniment of b««r till five. AfWr thai 
wo mostly dine each man in his home. (I say irc, beeunse I rank u • 
great gun.) At six we meet one another again nt tho caf'' for mora 
dominofii and beer till nine. I}y ten there is not a candle burning 
withib five miles ronnd. It is a fine Tegetorian sort of life. I obssm that 
all the men grow under it into a strong family likeness with e&otimbera. 
Good-by again. Yours affectiouatelyi 


P.B. — By the way, I bad almost rorgcitu>n it. Send mo a fow Pai 
papers, will you ? They take in nothing hero but the Oj}iri.l .' 1 ham] 
been llTing for two days on Imperial decrees and articles in praiso of 
dynasty I 

iMter Jrttui MaJauu la GrnfraU tU Camp-Cltrrron (aifni tuftitysei^l) 
to Urr friend Madnme la Barotme d« Tri/euiUHf at Pant. 

Chatemi tlr Cttm/t-Chi-vrtm, 
DuR Lol'we — Plei df 0uimp-li«-Koix, Ilautu Seine, /'Wtruitry 7j 

It it so cruel of yoa to write and say you are onahle to coumJ 
ndt^r I have l.> i fing on yoa all along !-> " i 

hnHpiLuhly du uiiy month. The fionsi.- < 

and every day Uu Uenural brings home BercQ or eight udfiocrv to liuehc 

n6 nukny to dinner. I ccrcr sav so mucli nurctuag and coantcr- 
marehiug in all mj life. Mj coD«iu Henri do M&rcelay , or Uio Chasricun, 
nod Colonel de la Sabronocbe, of the Hussora, botli tell me Ihey hard 
scarcely been not of onifona for the last six days, and I am sure tbej 
botll look tirod enough, though il se«ms they have at loast Ibrao weoks 
more of this marehiug to go Ibroiigh before they can hope for any rest. 
Hovtiver, it is chiody thd poor musicians I pity, for it is on thdm that 
this month of Febniaiy Wis heaviest. Erery day they have to play tlia 
some tunoaoTcr and over again iu the different TiUogfis; andyosl^rday, wbsD 
tbo band of the lOSrd stopped at Champ -les-N'oix, I declare tho siun^' 
peoo was eooored no 1«b8 than foar times. I believe it waa that pretty 
Boats °°* of the " Fille dn Regiment." The rillagers were mad abont it ; 
they clapped their hands and nvaved their cotton caps, to the Rrcall 
dolifjht of the Geoerai, who aajs that if OoTflmmont always provided 4,1 
baud to lead the peasants to the loit«;ry- boxes, there would uovcr bo any' 
I tiota to fear. He appears to be very much afraid of riots this year, the 
Oenorol. Yesterday, when the band bad done playing, I wanted to haTO 
[« barrel of beer sent down to thorn from tho castlo ; but ho rofased toi 
'allow me, because be said it was bettor for tho soldiers to bay their 
! loCrcahments at the TiUogo ion, as this would belp to make them pupiilur* 
il do not know whether there is any ruol danger of disturbauces, but 
am told everywhere' that the peasantry are bocomiog much ksa 
nbediuut than they used to Ijo, and all the oflioers — ^you know how fanuily 
talk— fiay that tho P.mpire is going to the dofts. Thii> morning 
oame a visitor to the castle, who pnt tho General into a grvat 
['^MStoo. We were sitting in the breakfast- room, at about eleven o'olockp 
[irben we saw a yoong man open the garden-gate and walk up towards 
the hoDso across the lawn. Be was not drossed as a peasant, bat rather 
like on artist, and was smoking a cigarotto with on air of enjoyment and' 
a jaantinoBS which belong only to PoriaioDS. Upon catching sight of as 
be came at once to the window of the breakfast-room, which is on a level 
^vitJi the terrace, threw away bis rigarette, stepped in, and eoid coollyp 
longh politely and with his hat off: " I believe I have the pleasote of 
uldresoing Madame de Camp-Chevron ? My name is Robert Marceaa." 
And he handed me one of his cords. The General bad seemed amasod 
at firti by the yoong man's nnceremonions entry; baton hearing him 
;ivo hifl name, he got up and asked excitedly : " Am I to understand, sir, 
lat it is yon who aro M. Robert Uarceau ? " " Voa," answantd the young 
man. not in the leattl diitcuneeried. " My name is Marcosa, at j'ourserriee." 
\f* Then, 1 regret to say, sir," rejoined my husband, getting very red,—" I 
egret to say that I have the worst possible reports abont yon." *' Yon 
rprise me, General." answered M. Mareean, accepting, with a bow, iJba 
tt I oflered him. *' I have scarcely been here a week, and 'people must hava 
3ne to work i*ery fast if they have already drawn np reportn abont mo." 
Be said all this so quietly and with sncb porfuct good-humoor, that I coold 
aot italp CMling iatemted in him. The General, bowevcr, was roisliig 


Iu8 voico aa<l growing moro angiy each momoot :— ** I knov, siTt ym 
have only beoo li»ra a week," be eontioued ; "but yoa hhvo done 
more miacbier in that week than I shall be ablo to mood ia u montb. 
Voa play tricks with the Mayor of yoar Tillag«, yon tnru tho anthoritiflii 
into ridiutUfl, you import aaditioas book4 and papers firom Pans, ron port 
ap absuri] proolamalioae daring the night nn tha door of tbo M&iria; in 
Ciicl yon play all the ape's pranks that yoa leani in that oonfonndod 
Qnartier Latin of yours. Look bore, sir, what do you call this ? *' — 
and my huebaod dr«v from his pockot a ridiculous pla<M)rd, headed, ** We* 
tho Mayor/' and parodying tho oSlciat anuoimoement as to the oonseritH 
tion. I vna obliged to bit« my lips to koop from amiliuf;, for it wu 
ronlly Tery amusing ; but tho General displayed tho placard indignantly, 
and called upon the yonng man for an exphiuation : " I should like to 
knotr, air," be aaid sternly, " whether yon think this sort of thing can bo 
tolerated ? Your object is evidently to incite the country lads against ths 
conscription. You giUher ignorant dolt<i round yon, and in that soetMing, 
sani:y way yon Parisians havo, you tench them to laugh at Gorommai^, 
patriotism, glory, and everythiog else, and to look npon their Uayor as 
on idiot. How do you expect authority is ever to be maintainod if pro- 
eeodinga of this sort m'e allowed?" 60 far M. Mareean had Usis&od 
ur eUenco and with well-bred attoution ; when the General bad doas 
■peaking, ho asked demurely : " If GoTiirament objectB to be langbed at, 
vby does it appoint Mayors who can't rend ? " I do not think my bos- 
bniNl was prepared for this qnsstion. It astonished and appoand to 
perplex him. Hoping to put an end to tbo debate, 1 interfered by 
remarking that M. Marceau muKt bo Ured with his walk, and invidag 
him to take a gla^s of wine or n cup of ooffoc. But be declined polite^, 
and following op bis first stroke with an eoay aclf-possesaion that seemed 
to amaze the Ganeral, as it certainly did me, be began a witty, satirieal 
attack upon the GoTommout, Ibo poor old Mayor of Champ-les-Noix, tiit 
Prefect, the conscription, tho anuy, and a hnndred other things attd 
people, of which it is wonderful tliul a ttoy like him should know anytbin^ 
I cannot remember all that my hnsbftnd said in reply, but he nnswerad 
hotly, And was thus at a disfldTanlago with M. Marceau. who octbt apeaki 
o&a word louder than another, and appears incapable of losing his tempar. 
The dispute tunind chiolly on the eonseriptiDii, whieb the Qauutl of 
ootine Bnpport«.''d, altbou^ I could sec that some of M. Uuvoan't, 
argainentd pozxled him. I £elt sorry that my couain, Hoaii de Marcclay, 
was not tlieri', for he is of abont the a&me age as the yoron^.' -' 
Ibis would have made tho match more even. After the eoi. 
lasted more than half an honr* it woa brought nbmptly to i>ti > -i.l t<v Umj 
General dvolaring that, right ur not right, tbo ooubcription u;is Luw, and 
that if anybody in the department att«iDpt«d to withs^tRnd it ha vmld 
do so at his peril. Ho added a warning to tli< 'nd wbot 

he was abont, and vmlcd by asking bim ^> , . . be wan 

indebted fur the houoar of bis vini. Tbe arrival of U, Marteaa 




hetca so lUuxpeoUd, ud tb« att«ro»tIoii foUowlnR it id inddcD, that 
I had CDtirohr fi}rf^ttDa ILa student wns a gfraugar. My haaband'i 
([UtfPlioD romitic](iil qui that it vraa to me ^T. Mitr^enu hud tinit nddreesed 
hiuiBelf ou cul^nug, and bo, to make Bome iimuuda fur the General's 
gTnfIo«s«, I iaqnircd geatly if tbero was anything we could do for htm. 
Uo iDswcTod by -[trodiicing a scrap of paper (rem his po«ket-book, aod 
holdui)! it out to tne: "I camo on a l^tifigiii}!; miKHifin, Mudatufi," he 
contiuned calmly. " Tboro is bd uuforluuatu vitlager who in io Ioto and 
waota to get tnar^l^d. I am trying to rnlsa money onongh lo insOTB him 
•gunst bad lack at tho conscription." Th« General, who is really very 
hmh at times, tieatcd Ihia as au impeitinence. He took the paper onl 
of my haada and gave it Lack to M. Marcoao, tolling him thut if he had 
uotlung better In nay, he ironld iiare done as woll to keep at home. The 
atntlent, bowgier, instead of being abashed, looked np with a smile, and 
fluid pleadingly, "I belieTo, General, yon are Itss hard than you would 
liBTo it seem, and yon ore too jnut to risit your resentment towards ma 
upon poor Floupiuoao. Tho miui is not likely lo make a good soldier, 
he is loo mncb iu love Cor tJiat. I assure yon it wDl be doing a kind 
utioa< if you help to eave him &om the cbonpe of being shot some 
miming as a desertor." The General, who wa^, perhaps, a little aiabamed 
of ht£ radencss. took back the paper and gl&nced over it, grnra))ling: 
" ^Mlq has BobBcribed this twenty- franc jjitrie 9 " he asked. " You don't 
soem tn have been very furtnnate in your subsoripttonH. This is tho only 
one; wboao is it?" M. Mareean eotoorod slightly, and said, "The 
twenty francn arc mine." Then in a somewhat pUintivo tone, he added : 
" Fioupincau's fellow-TQhigera treat his luve-alTair ruthor as a joke. 
Tboy vonid aubsoribo willingly onongh lo buy him a now waisloont, 
es|}eeially if bo didn't want one, but they refiiite to give a sin^e cen- 
time towanig making him* huppy. Perhaps, though, if you, General, 
wore to head the U&t I might bo more fortunate, for charilablo sub* 
leriptionB ar« mostly a game of follow my-Ieador." *• Floupiooau, Flou- 
pioMUir' munnured my buabaod, m if trying to recollect some- 
^Ibing in connection with the name, and paying no nUenttoo lo (hesa 

remarks. "Flotipbeaa Ab I I have it I Her«, sir, take bMV 

[jour list. This Floupineau is a fellow with red hair, is ho not?'* 
U. JUorceAii ga^-e a nod. " Very well, then, I know him. Be is the roan 
who was blubbering in tho inarkct>ptace when I passed throngh the 
^Tillago yesterday with the IflBrd, and who shouted, 'Abas la troupe I' 
I I shouldn't wonder if it was he who threw tho mangel-wurzel at 
,ihi> dram-major. I will remember him, air, yon may depend npon il.** 
\** You uiustn't bo too soTere, Gcnoral," eipoelnlatcd M. Marrp-nu ; *' thff 
' Vnlinppy follow is in love, and a. despairing lover may be excused for 
tthrowing mangel- v-urzcls." " The denee he may, sir! " responded thff* 
6«i»Tal, in a hafll " And what's to become of military diBci|Aiiic ? Bnt 
we hara. talked enoagh on this matter. If yonr Flouplnean draws &, 
serriee-ntunber on the Htli I will take care and order his Colonel to keeiB 



a eharp look-out oo him. Ami Uio same on jon, by tiie w&y, for 70a ar« 
to draw too, I beliero ? " " Excuse me, General, I am iomred/' laaglwd 
, If. Marceaa, intb a bow. " More 'a the pitT, bu- ; more'a tbd pitj," 
^zejoiDod my baabaDd. " Sovea years' miuket-drill would have done yoa 
all the g(H)d tn tbo world, if only to knock BOme of your iufertial rcpuliUean 
DoUoQB out of your bead. I have iho houour to wiEh yoa a good 
momiDg-" And upon this the General tnriwd on his heel, loaring 
li. Mareeau, hat In hand, to make a final bow to me, and tlien beat 
a Ibisurtily luid perfectly dignified rotroat by the aame way ha cam«. 

I hare dwelt at couBidorable length npoo this epiaodc, my dear 
Louise, in the first pliuw bocause I waa in a letter-writing mood, aad ia 
the next, becatue the adrenlure itself seemed to me a coriotu oiw. Thi< 
is BQoh a plodding world that a young man who walks anexpoctddly into 
a bNak£iKt-room to beg Babscriptiona fur a loTo-uck peasant affords oat 
Bomelbing of a norelty to muse over. I hare bad in^niries made la tka 
Tillngo BJDco the morning, and find thai M. Mareeau ia not sQch a vwy 
terrible democrat as the General soema to think. He has got himself tato 
disgrace with the Uayor and Municipal CounoU by laughing at them, as 
it eeenifi to be his practice to laugh at ererybody ; nud ho baa irritated 
the Bub-prefeet, juatieofl of the peace, and commissaries of poUoe, by 
flooding Uiis part of the country with Radical papers ; bat I acarcely think 
there is much to be feared from him in the way of riots ; he has a ropatattoo 
J Sh" being as guod-hearted as he iti merry, which is saying a good daal, lor 
tbe is always smiling. As for the peasant Floupincau, I am toM that lik 
fasBO is really a romantic one. The girl ho lores is amiable, pretty, and 
modest. She is greatly superior to him in intelliganee and eultaro, and 
his attachment for her is one of those fine things which, in the intaresta 
of poetry, one oagbl to cncunrage. Ue has learned to read and write aa 
as to be more worthy of her, which is fquivnteut to what the slaying of 
two droguus would have been in the uldcn times. Ue has abo giitm op 
the public-house, which may count as a tliird dragon, and ho works from 
daybreak till beyond dark so as to be able to collect a small anm towards 
the fiunons 800 francs for insornnoc. 2d fthori, dear Ixtoise, X hava jrut 
sent KH) friuic^ unou^TaouHly for bim under cover lu M. Maieeaa, and 
1 pray nith all my heart that between this and the 14th tho Oeovral may 
be tempted to relent and do the aame. My maid knocks to U'\l me it is 
time to dress for dinner; so I must close and seal. I ouinot (joita^— 
forgiTo yoa for not baring kept your word about eouing to spend a mnuthl^l 
brre ; but, after all, you would hare found the bouse tranafttrmed islo 
a very barrack, — spurs and swords are clinking and clattoring throo^t^ 
tho passages all day ; passing regiments encamp thomsclTcs on tho lawn ; 
the dining-bDll has become a permanent mcse-nxim ; and your aJTectioData 
Ihend, occupied all her time in catering meat and drink for hmigrj 
officers, seems to hare excliaDged her raok of gKncmto lor that of 





'Jrim M, Gmttive Dumtmre/, iJeiiical SUiJatt it Pans, to Iiit/rUad 

if. Uulrtt ilarernu, at Champ-lea- Nvix, Haute Seiae. 

From thi ittp of an OwuUiwtf 

, PartBf February 7. 

li:Eri.Y touchfd, O friend, by bearing tbal you bod been reduced to 

fe«iii your mind Tor two daya upon tbe pros« of tbo Journal Offichl, 

ronr eomnides and TreU-wishers, sodaUa et amici, forwarded tbe day 

jfforo yosttrdfty, per parceU' dwiiTcry, a doal-box contuiiiitig, 1 item, the 

[feomploto oollectioo, antoaQtiog to tUroo Dumbors, of « ropablicao orgaa 

l^bich was prcdcatincd to n long and lucrntiro ciistcDrc, bad tbe Gurcrn- 

[liicuit sufU'red it to live — wbicb it didii*t; 2 iifni, tbe complete collcctioa 

(aoroD mnabcrfi) of aootber republican oigau, wbicb would b&TO reodered 

imeDRfl Bcrriccffl to the oommoDwe&ltb bad its Ufa oot beon cut untimely 

lliort by a paucity of roiids, and by tbe absence of oil jmlriotttiui and dis- 

[Tclcn-sledncBS io tbo brcnfit of tbo printer; 8 itun, 115 odd copies of 

lir«n subversive publicatioua for distribation amoDgst tbe agraiian 

4 iifm, a aeries of coloured pbit«a dceeriptivo of tbe boirors of 

r, for tbe encoDrageuiCDt of bueoUc minds about to face tbe conserip- 

lon ; 5 item, a correct fitalisUcal return of tbe cumbers killed and 

rounded during the principnl CFimpaigoa of tbe preeeut century ; 6, four 

i-tacks to uatl up said BtatJtitical return in any couTenient and coo- 

ncuous eput wbere it would be likely to altriu^ atlcutiuu. It ia to bo 

id, Robert, that tbcso trouaures tntreltcd safely to tbcir baveu. 

Idition, and fur your own private edification, you will receive ovory 

day, per post, tbrco ncwf^papors carefully selected witb a view to tbo 

apoplectic effect tbcy naigbt produce upon your Prcfeet woro a stray 

number of them aecidenlftlly to fall iuto bJa bauds. — Tbe raising uf funds 

ijr tbe iritere*!ting Floupineau baa been a more delicate oporaliou tban 

ifl porreying of literatare. A cabinet council was convoked at my 

Icial residoocd to consider and rote upon w&ya and means. His 

leelleucy the secretary of state, Bidloudu, mulotod bis privy parse in 

110 mniety of its contents, to wit, fifteen &nnc8 ; his excellency, Cnmille 

raupc, decided upon mortgaging a part of bis pcrsoon] estate — vidtUcet^ 

wo pnira of boota, a silver watch, and six nightcaps — for tbe sum in 

Ipecie of sdTduteen fraues ; your otber colleaguea in tbe cabinet also laid 

eir budgets under a special (ax ; but all these financial operations bave 

tiled to raise Ibe supply to mora tban dxty-tbree fruics, enclosed 

rein per post-office order. Tbo badness of the timco, O llobert, most 

aceepted as an exldunatiou of tbe smalluaas of tbta amount Had 

)ur coUeaguea in tbo cabinet beoQ made aware six weeks ago, t.«. at 

IB 1st January, of Ibo pitiable predicament of tbe intero-ting Flonpinoan, 

ley might bare b4»ou ablo to do more. Unt in Ftbniary, wbvn tbu 

jffen of tbo atata are Invariably empty, all tboy can ofibr is the expres- 

KoD of their cordial sympatbles, and tbo bops Ibat Fluupbeau niay faava 


learned and meditated upon the '|>recept of HoroM, JEquam }tumaaa 
fv&w (M arditU ten-are wetittm. 

Written by my lumd, &i poncil, on lop of omnibus ft&romeutioDed. 

Gpstave Ddmonckl, 
SeCw o/ State /vr Dept. of Cultnig and Wounttinff, 
(l'u';^>, Mulioil Htudrtit.) 

/rout MaJaate la Bnromte da Trtij'niiUi-t, ia Pmit, lo het frimut 
MatLtme la OcMrah tie Cantp-Cheirmi, 

jtfeiiue dex Cfmmjn-KtjfMe«t Fvlmury fk 

'FflANKS, door EiigrQio, for your nioe long letter, just receired. Uow 

mrry I nm not to bo-wilU you! Wby, the hoQSc fall of officen, and 

the clinking of epors in tbe poissages, and tlio ciimptnK on the lawnr and 

the diuitig-tAble BUrromided witb uiilfurms, iiru wliat I sbutild like above 

all things in the world — inoi, qui ndvrt- hs miUuiiresI Howuvur, la j'ruunt 

jtropnte ft le medecin dispute : for I liave bcon sufiTering from n bad oold, 

and the doctor positively forbids my moving out of Fam. Enclosed ia a 

hondred-frauo note for eepavvrr Floupinuau, wbo6C eiory bositaite loui'bvd 

mo. I ilo dfclare, my dear, il b n sbAmo for Goverumeut to bilie young 

men or it does and make soldierH of Uiem agninst their will. I know, if th«y 

had lakeu my lovor vrhen I was a young girl and marched him away for 

seven years, I should have hated Govcnuueni evor after. If thoy want 

soldiers tbey ought only to enlist those vho are not in love ; I inhal] tell 

M. lo &nni<j{re de la Guerre so trbeu I next sec him. You can se^ toy 

ono hundred lrttac« anooymousty, as yon didyoors, through that M. MaTc«aa, 

whom I like without knowing him. I IhinJc bo is i]uit« right to Iau|;b at 

the Mayor and everybody else : I am sore I ehoidd do so if I were him. ! 

hope uuither the General nor the Prefoct will try and get him intn trouble ; 

it ia BO plensant to laugh and to be gay,-and twenty years old 1 Kind* 

dear, I shall expect some more letiers from yon to let me know what 

becomes of our loving couple. I trast everything will go well. Von 

should get fiomebody to tell the girl that she oogbt to bum a wax-taper 

ovory day at the Virgin's altar. The poaaaut-girls do it in Brittany when 

Qunr flwcotheariH are going to draw, and it can do no harm. If Iho 

wedding cornea off }'ou must let me hear of it some days beforehand, aad 

I wilt send the biide a box of bonbons. Pleaso remember me kiuiUy to 

tbo GGneral, and bolievo mc, dear Eag«<nie, yonr over affectionate friettd, 

LooiBE DE TuinstnLUT, 



LeUer/rum Morue^mr O^urtau, BMopiffStiutbourg, to M. d* BniM/rrffl 
Pnfeet 0/ tht Unuh S«Nr. 

MOKBIKtni us PEtPET, — ^' ' ■ • 

In accoidauce with the wisbos cxprvwed in yooi lett 
I have rccommeodcd my dorgy to take the approaching cosMnptioa u • 



Ltext for Masonftble exhortations on the rirtncB of psti«Dce and resignation ; 
[tad I tnurt tbfll the words Bpoketi from the palpit iiir.v pi-oduco on tbft 
[foogregaUoua the efliiot yon desire. A.t the same Ume, Monrienr )e Prcfetj 
|ji is with sorrov I hcftr^ from Domeroufl ropoHs brought to nie within th« i 
mot week, thiit overt ntleniptg hare been mode in sereral commnsea 
I of ,Toar Department to nndermine the inflncnce of lb« clcrg_v bj the dii- 
ttemiaiition of Aeditiuiu and infidel Uterature; and that no effort hat) boeo 
[nndertakeu hy the civil aathorities to put a stop to tliis deplorable and 
[siBidicms work of mischief. The cummtine in which the o^il appears Un 
lluTd taken riee, is that of Cbatup-IeA-Noix. the Ticar of which wrilee to 
' compluio that the sod] of cveir one of the TiUa^rfl is bein^ tainted by 
Uewapttpeta and pamphlets of the ntosl rcprebeiksible ehatmcter. I am 
I awnrc, Monsieur le Pr^&t, that, for pnttticul endii of its own, the Goroni- 
Inoat has thought good to allow a great lUcasaru of latitude to the press 
,0/ large cities; but I tniat yon will concor with me in seeing thai ft 
libertj which may be barmlesfl in crowded centres, amongst popnlationa 
iy corrupt* cannot bo extended without danger to districts where — > 
Iw praiwd — religion and piet}r hUU flunrish luxuriantly under tba^ 
learefQl coltoro of the priesthood. If, as yon so justly remark in your 
[lettar, sir, the Church and the State are cordially knit in bonds of mutoal 1 
' inlercKt aitd ofToctioQ, it is sarely as moob the duty of the State to protect 
the clergy ogaiohl tbo vcuoninus attticks of godle^tK jauroalism, as it is th«*4 
duty of the Church, at ci-nain timc^, to preach obedience and sabjeclioa, 
to the civil goTemmoDL Far bo it from me to inrdta the seTority of thij 
law niKjQ anybody, bat at a moment when, in dofraence to your request, 
the clvrg>' of this djoceso are incalcaltng precepts of loyidly and pHtrioti.tair 
' I cannot but think. Monsieur le Prcfet, it would be a geoerons acknowledg- 
meat if the civil goremmenl were to 0\p some proofs of its te^wet for 
the Cotholie fiulh and ita ministers. 

I bag to thank yoii for yonr bciiiity on behalf of my Clothing Gnby] 
and have tho honour (o rcntaiu, Mon»iuur lu i*n^(ct, your humblo nndJ 
Cbwlieot senrant, j pj_„„j.„^ /;^^,^, of S^in^lourff^ 

taitrr fnnti M. dp BMsfftre, I'r^/erl nf Ihe flame Seiner t" ^f- 1" Vicomti 
de Cliatif'Croh^, Stib-Prffecl of the Mme Prfinimntl for thr ArwnJ^ 

VexH CSASBK-ClEOIg^- Sfinehotirff, F^btintry 

What doea all this mean ? I have two letters before me. on4 
from tho Bishop and nootlior from tho General, complaining of disafiect 
spirit, sedilioUH papom. and symptoms of dietorhance in a Urge distric 
of the Dopartniciit. Uow is it I hnTc oot received official iutimationi 
of this ? Tbey nay it is in your urromUesement at C^amp-lcs-Xoix thi 
lbt> niisrbivf is Imtchtug. Svhnt can your niayois be thinking «kKS^**. 
why don't the/ send rcj»ri« ? Who is ttwi "ila^ct «V C^i»wsv^«r'S^«a'*» 

\\— % 

lialo liim Boaudly aad ist Uioi vrby he doesa't aiteod better to his 
boaiocas ? Write by return, for I am altogotlier ia tha duk, and the 
Uishop ia as biltor an > nuud ; quo would Uibk somfikodjr bad beon fiayiDg 
lum. Yours fiiithAiUy, 

H. DM B. 

IkKpaich/fOM yi. /(■ Vkomtt ile Cftaist-Croite, Sub-rre/edt to 
Ji. de liuta/eirf. Prefect. 

Dear Moksieuii le PniFET — Ffbrvunj I), 8 a.m. 

1 WAS jast oQ Uie poiut of writiog to yoo when yoor uote of jert«r- 
day came in. I only received inteUiganee lost night of the doings of 
Cliuup-teK-Noix. Non« of tbo ma.vora h^d writt«D, and it was too late 
for yet^Urday's po«t wbon I vaa put in posseesiou of Um Khrei'- vuIuDiiaooi 
rfjHirtH Ti-liich I enclosv. After rcudiug tbeito reports, I caiinot but thiuk 
tbat a gn-at deal of foss is boiug mode about uothiug. Tlie vliole aBair 
amotints to a fexr pranks played by a Qaartier Latin stndtint, named 
Marcean. who ia goisg to draw at tbc conscription next week. lie soema 
to be A wild, f^ood-naturcd sort of felloTr, addict«d to fiocialist trash and 
biUfpeuny papers. Ho boa broagbt a boxful of these with him from 
Paris, and distributee them by handfals. I do not think, however, there 
iB much fear of anybody Buribiling himself with this kiud of literature. 
To ha^ «itb, not one oat of twenty of our people can read, and if they 
could it would make do difference, for they would not be able to under- 
stand the papers, — I know I cannot, though 1 tried ooDsoientioaaly for 
DD hour last night. There is . a more serious charge against Robert 
Marceau, of poetiog up prints to fright(<n the peasants, and excite them 
■gainst the conscription. It appears he has tiUcon a iont of the name of 
FloQptneaa under his protection, and is raising a sabttiription to iosnrt 
him. llouptucau goes whimpering about the country at tha beeb of 
Mnrccaa, and the two together preach that the camtcrtption is an inii^nity, 
a tax of blood, Ik. &e. This might he ilangi^roiia if it bad any oOeot. bat 
I do not believe it has. It is true somebody accuaca Floapinoan of having 
assaulted the drum-major of the lOSrd by throwing a vegetable at him, 
bat the| thing is not proved ; and bosidea, as the cuuKcriptioa is now so 
near, it would, I am coaviueod, be sound policy to taku no notice of 
M. Marceau'a vagaries. lioweTor. I await yotir OTders. and if yon think 
it advisable, I will send for the yoong man and remonstrate qoiutly with 
him. If ho is a genttomau this will act mors efEoaoiooaly than a ptibUa 
reprimand or a proeentiion. 

I remuD, dear Tklooslear ]e Prefet, 

Toor most faithful and obedient sorvaiit, 

Kaoul pk CPAan-Caoi 






J'*UQram/rQm it. te Vteomlc tie Chane-Ci-oiti (v M. its Boit/errS. 

February 9, 1 p.m. 
irttn posttng letUir Uiis muming, rojKirt urived — pi-aclical joke a|, 
ip-leB-N'oix, oil Coloaol Uussars. S<]aib lied tail of horso. Horso 
}lt«d. Coloaal ia ditch. Scotlle — soldiers peanantr}'. Nothing broken. 
bj iii088CUgcr. 

tkmpatch/rota M. le Vicomlfi Je CtuUMt-CroUe, S*U>-Pr«/ccij to 
JU. i/ff Bouffrrtf Vre/e€t, 

(dY special UESBEKaKB.) 

Soui-l'refecturt <U Champ- ba-Kefie», 

[^I>KAa TItQMsiEiiii LE PidrsT — Fttbnuirtf 0, 2.80 r.u. 

Yuu will huvo gol my tulograin ore Hxis, oflquaiQlJBg yoii anmtnarilj 
«ilh whiU has taken place at Cbamp-lfa-N'oix. I am anablo to ascertain 

' vho ui to blame for this new ireak. but the cou£u(]uciict;ti liurE, fortunately', 
nol been serious, ao that the delloijueut, vboever lio is, will ooty bavo a 
pioco of childish fully uu hiu eonacience. I Uiiok it is e88«Dtial not to 

I exaggerate matters. Tho first report was, Lbat a cracker had been lied 
to the tail of Colonel do hi Sabronoohe's horse, that the horse had bolted 
that Iho Colonel hud been pitched on his head, and that there had 

' Ru amied encoQDt«r betvreou the Uusnars and the peasantry, resulting in' 
same hrokeu beads. AAcr sifUng oU this, I find that not moch remaiDS ; 
I am not even Eitro about the cracker. Xhe most credible account is, 
thai the Hu&sars had ba]t«d at Champ-les-Noix to play a fiujfnre, that a 
cracker, or a squib, or a box of vcsuviana was miscbievouBly thrown Into 
the crowd by soiuabody, that the Colonel's horse took fright and threw 
his rider, and that the Uussars. to keep tho people from huatUug ruuiid 
the scene of tho iccideut, drove them back with the ponunels of their 
swords; whence a slight souffle, in which, however, nobody was hart. 
As might be expected, the Colonel is very much out of temper, though ho 
leaaped without a bruise. He talks of the affair as of nu Insult offcrod to 
Iho fliig, and iosists npon the necessilj of making an oxample of tbu 
oETendere. I saw him au hour ago, and protended to agree in all he said, 
which is the only way with excited men. But, by-aud-by, when he has 
grown oool, he will probably understand that for his own dignity's sake 
we had bettor treiit the thing as an accident, and not plunge into a prose- 
cution which would compol os to own that there is disaffection existing 
amongst tho peasantry. This Is always undesirable, and especially so, I 
think, in this case, for a dehberate tuault offered to a Colonel at the bead 
of his regiment would suppOKO very grave diBuffuction ladeed. I trust 
my views oo this subject may meet with your approval, and I hope yon 
will saaeUon tho course I should bo iuclined to adopt* of ascribing thia 
untoward piece of busiocsa simply SLiid puT«\y Xo & uut*^^. \ Q>^v^^A 



add that thero is Dotbtng I havo heard as vol which would tend 
implicate M. Marcoaa La this aflair. The prtutkj indeed, is not of the 
Mud which any rofipoclablo Btudont vroulrl play. 
I remain, dear Monsieur ]o Pri'fct, 

Toar most faithihl and obedient serrant, 

Raottl db Chassk-Croih£, 

Letter /ram .1/. He Tioui/erre, Prefect, to M. Victor M^rlg^ Editor *(f 
L'Aiglo do Seineboarg {Prr/ectoral orffon), 

(pKivATs hVD ooimDBsnu,.) 

Mv DEAR U. 1^[»:ri.B — Frbrwin/ H, 

You hare probably beard whnt has jtinl taken place at Obamp-Iea- 
Koix ; but. if not, the acconipau}iQg doepatch just roccived from M. de 
Chawo*Croi8e will icFonu you. It is an nnlucky piece of basmess, and 
mi^hi road badly If stated to the public in a erudo form ; yon had better 
dress it up, therefore, SO as to give it a proper looh. Yon con eay that 
Colonel Sabronacho's hone wa« frightened by the cntbnsiasb'c ovatioD which 
the penaantH garo to the mililaiy. Describe the nii}*ing cheers, vfiTing 
of hatfl, Sco. It would nercr do to let it bo bolicvod that a colnnel waa 
thrown into tho mnd on purpose. By tho way, who is that contributor of 
youTH who writes tho Articles on the army and conscription, and signs 
" Uarongo ? " lie writea rcry well, but there is too luach Paris and 
rose-water la his style. He smirks to his adrersarieB as if ho w(>rc on the 
Journal de» DeUtl*. That doenn't do. \{h»i wc want for eonntry>fblk it 
a poonding stylo, throe adjccUrea tn a noun, and pinnty of R^aaooil^: 
your own manner is capital. Tell " Marengo " that if he yields a point 
to biB opponents the pettsants will think he is funking. He uiaitt bit 
hard and yiidd uothing. Aak him to ohange his metaphoi-s, too, — I 
obserrc he talks of the "tide of rorolution." This is not happy when 

1~ addreasing an inland population who have nerer had a sight of (he sen, 

and voold not betieTo in its existence If sworn to them on oAth. If he 
wants similes, let bim compnro a rovolntion to the ebeep-rot or to thu 
■mall-pos, — thii frightens the women, — or to riclt-buming, whicb always 
alarms the fanners. Moreover, let him stick to this point, and refieat U 
in every ouo of his articloe, tbiit the Conscription waA fm-' •A 

under tho Rrpnblio {1792}, and tbut the RadioilH who nit .iro 

ronscqueutly hambvgii. 
yoon faithfully. 
UcoTOB DK ItonrcKsf* 




Tuw taiain 0/ (he Episode at Champ- 
Im-Xniji b}f L'Aiglo de Koino- 
bonif;, ortjan of ifu Prrfi-rt. 
{Estroit Jram the imper^ Feb- 
ruary 10.) 

Consiitentble «xcilCEacnt wu raiucd 
in tbo town jc*Vitt\»y Uv Uw npurt lltst 
U< do Ib SBbrctuictK, the (JcM-rrvdl^* jwj'U- 
br OoloDcl at tlie STIti TlnsMinpi, had tiict 
witli RBpriona Ml from bis horse whilst 
ont with his re^mcnt in the iMriubboBr- 
hcKxl of Chiim|>-IC!)'Noix. As Rcnendly 
bai<p<>nit in viicii cttftui, tnonjr cxHgjtcnttt'l 
nunoun wcra nt sJloM } sod our UikHvaI 
f ricn<U, Id tbeir ongmiess to inkkc [loliiintl 
rfl|iitnl rtBt of creiy rrent nf an timt^inHl 
chDmrrT, lost DO time In fotpti;; a oook- 
iLn<l-^ull tXory about a ninib or a MYickcr 
itiot \nn\ Iwo malkiouBlT tlirow-o »t ih* 
Cdoocl'a bone b^ some i«aMint aaxioas 
for ini«diief. Wb wn luip|iy to l>c ■)>!« to 
pre the moet ralcgvrieol denial t" tliifl 
fable, the ["cmTso ingtnniiy df which 
iufRci/>ut]7 ilenotCH it* origin. Xotliing 
wnoiui h»r bnp|MiDcd: (X>loiicl 'Iq U 
SabmoadK iBUiibuTl ; uid, Hlthtm;,'!! the 
mum Accident ivliirh hits bcfulka him is 
in itwif iTgrettable, ivt tlie civaaea which 
Ininiedhuclf Ie<l to it ue do Kitirmely 
ntififaclnTT thftt we r«n Kumly t«nn thu 
■xrconnwc m iai&ba[>. Etirlr ycslerdav the 
OoloDe) book the hrillinnt n>^inient, which 
he Ki tAAj cmnnmnds, for n ride int^ iho 
iirr<iiidii«9cmL-Dluf Chunp-jr^-N^fln.wvrii 
milci dittont from S«in*bourji. Tho 
moraiag woa & \v\-v\y ^nc, nnd l)io 
counlrf mnds tiTic lined nnth TLllai;crv, 
who Idadlrthcered the Iiravu truo]>ii, thus 
icatifying fn rfroplp lirorly fiudiion Ihf Ir 
Tt«7>ect and mlmiratinn for thr imtiy. At 
Chainp-l«»-No\x tbcrr waa a halt, and tho 
Cotmwl, in (vdcr (u pleiiH: the jxiuant^ 
unlervd tbr trnmiictim lo Boand ■ bnot- 
ing fMifarr. A frreat crowd was by lliia 
tiino p«>(b(M«d rocnd llie snldien, and 
Ibe (uftre was »> cplendidly exGcutc<l 
that K vcritAblo ofatloa wm the rewilL 
Tbi- ri]|iig«n bant into fruiLii- huxxas. 
Many of thnm, nn doobt, nMncmbcml 
that In n few dny.'r' dine thf^ ti>n nil);ht 
Im •■Ailed lo the l*nnnnr of wrring fn the 
BO)>le refitment before tbtrm, and this 
aildtd 61V to tbi-ir vnthaiiftsm. Ifnls 
WBTD tlirowo op, hnndkerchtcfil nAicd, 
Oowen AtntxtTtd down ; and it won oiwt 

Yietv taictn of the Ep'taaHc at Champ- 
lea ' A'ou- btf la. R6£ona6 do 
Saineboiirg, onjait of iht Op- 
po$Uion. {Extntet from the 
IHiptr, Fthruary 10.) 

At liiM the long |i«nt>Dp todignntjoo 
lwgot(«u hy tiic tuiDunt levy of a boarl- 
lesfl l>1vod-tax, has loaoA vent in one of 
our villftgw. Oar rcadcra will noUco in 
anutlKT colaniQ tho report of nn occnN 
reiieo too prctnunt with political mgnifl- 
nmi-c to be overlooked. A dcBonoo has 
Ix'tTii publicly liuiU-<l by the peasantry uf 
thifl Dcifortmcnt at the piwtoriaut of the 
Kmpin- in the \XLm,a of one ofthoirninM 
nolnrioiis rhiefe, the Cohmol of tbii S7th 
IlasRon. It would be idle to sock to cx- 
tvnnate the puqwrtof thi* nrt. It «pi-id;t 
fi^r lt«^Jf. It raexnii despair, it tneaiia 
rtatatance, it ntcaiu ivrolt against a stulo 
of tbingfl too ibsuffembic to Im hwgcr 
Imme. Tbww are the facia ;— Yesterday 
mofTiing Colonel dc la Snbronachc, at the 
head of that retnment which bas nctimird 
Kt uocnTiablc a wlcbtily in o*ir town foe 
its liccntiiniiiit.->a and ita Brrogiuiai, rode 
out (« a iiamdc cxcunsica into the aimn- 
disaemenl of Champ-lea-N^flt-a, Onr 
TeAdenwitl bear in mind ihnt coQ«cn|>- 
tiott dnv 1:1 apjiTrHKbing, ami that vnu 
n.\itn couaidcr it )joih1 f-olii-j lo de>iNitcli 
armeil eohortii into ihe villn^^ to over> 
awe and dniilc the inpulationn. IIow- 
ever. a lr»« vbrewd man than the Colonel 
of Ihe S7ib wimhl hare hnd no dtfficnlly 
in i«rccivin(>ycMcrd(iybow «niii are such 
idle (Ujipla;a to iiui^oao eilbi-r fc«r or 
uiIniiraliMii. ETCiywbon' iho rxide wrra 
lined with pcneanlji whoce millen, di'jen- 
cd Altitude ftafficientlT aUc8li?d the Httlc 
enthtiitlajini they felt for that pnppct- 
bbowof coxt-ombinh •<^dier«, ubtwc gill 
laee is |iaid for nut of the awt-at of Ihu 
T^boufcr'a brow, and tvlntte gnluri-ji an 
forgril by Ihe aching; of the Working- 
Man's limtKt. Al Ohamp-lea-Nolx there 
was a halt. KTcr>-body know* what iho«o 
military halpiare, when tliirHty. mjMvr- 
int; troopers spread Intothi- public-bo u«oa 
M>d «t tbc cxatnplc of dmnketiDcn and 
rvTcIry. We mny sii[i)kmo that, on this 
oceiaion, the ^ecnei of iutoxlcatiun n&d 
noW wen even worw than xisQaX; for 



nmnd tbe Cokmcl, uttering imlignitnt 
pntwRs igttntt tbo deaocnrioo of Uivir 
peoceM bomM. MoaI v^o^k at Scioc- 
boorg an Mqnainted witli tiw mimaiKr/ 
maBDns of Colonel da la SubroiuKltc. 
Inatoul of llat«niiig to the nmiplautU of 
tlio vilUieen be ordered liu clarions tu 
(lUj a fnnfara to dmwn their clamomi% 
and unntieduitclj Uic roicca thai hod bam 
ni^cl iu just naeutmeat wen snotbcnd 
ill (Jio Mtnlotiic Imrii)^ of irnmpeta. Bitt 
this was too inuc:h. The villagera hatl 
borne withoat nmnnnrins ^*c hi«iilent 
cvulraM bctwuea the pompoox nplcndnar 
v( the tnxipa and Uicir own •orAliI 
niseiyi thej had 8u1>iuiilvd with onlj' a 
groan to ace their flclda and bainletii in- 
vadrd by thoae armed faiun*, wlion 
rutnlui; reminded inanj nf dictn uf the 
><.-Ncn<>i'.'U«' tax they woold aooo ba 
rcquiriid to pa/ ; aitd the; bad coofilieil 
tbciiuclTH to aimidjr ex|;ioetittallng wbea 
Ibe imfligBto caroBaing of tbcir unwol- 
nnne viRitorx filled llioni with diagml 
and anger. Bnttbcre an llmiu to ever}-- 
thing, and this last ddliuil reHllng 
of tAcir wretchcdDOM swept awajr all 
paticDce. A joans peasant borst 
tliR>ugh the crowd with a firework In 
ki)> tittod. " IiiRult for iiiMiU I iuiiclu.f7 
for modiCT}' E " hi: sbonlvd detperataly, 
and in face of the troops, stapoHed. 
with astooUhmeDt, bo ti«d the phiyibiast 
[i.wlir lighted, to the tail uf lh« Cuload'a 
bonv, which bonnded al the cxploaiou 
thai f^dhiwcd and thn;w its ridar, aoiled 
and blccdiog, uu the road. Tlxti fi>l- 
lownl one of tbow arvnca with which the annals of the Sccoad Bni|i]M 
have mule tu onlj too familiar. The wldlcrx, bcatcJ witli wtne and furiooa, 
drove \>aek the people with tlie ponimeU of tbclr aworde, tTatDi>k«l ibeni uidar 
foot and poured out volkvi of ooaiao abuse, amidst the ahiicks of woraon and 
UiH excited iroprecalioDs of mcD. It was pitiful work ; wn forbev ftom 
tecriptlua. Eiuragb to mj that wbea ibe Cciluwl bad been picked a[i, and 
order roMured by the iDlvllfgent and troly Imperial method jost nteutfoiKd, tha 
'i7th BosHin, with their otst-rnDcu chief, took their way back for Saitie* 
bviart;, completely edited, wc trust, aa ti> the popnlnrit; of the army mauoffit 
the villages. . . . Our rcadeiB will not rctiairr u* hi pnini ifao mural of ihia 
event, ftn* tho monU la <d>Tin«u. I<oDg ytan of RiiHtair oppmciori are pR>- 
diicing the fniit that was to bo ex[iccted. Then has been cuongU and nwra 
than cnouicti of oatscnpliotis, huge ttaodiug anoies and cxasbiii); taxea. Tha 
poaaaBt baa growu tltcd of acrtii); bia flckla lie fallow fur w«Bt of bands to till 
dun, hla aoui earallrd \>j Iiww nod dragged off to waate the fiurcet jean of 
their Urea In the ilemontlixing K^oont uf jptrrisoii ttmrot, hla pone <«apti»l 
Ifl pay for th- >■-'■ '^f hnlf a milUoo ttiwiif men in Wbtoeaa, TTw firttwork 
n/iLxtcd 0- -Nolx U Ihriignnl-roektlof af^arian rtablanc**. We 

aif riap (A# Lfi:^TCiiiiiu:ut tu l«ak \A U. 

of tbtse hastily iiuprovteed nnfcRayii. 
fluue out of a cottage window by the 
band o£ a village girl, which fell on tlia 
head of the Coloracl's horse, nnd caused 
the spirited beaat to take frii;hC and 
plunge throogh the he<lgo of a (^nrden, 
where It broke down and brought ita rider 
to the gronnd. PuTtnnntely, however, 
thcns was no hurt In a minute the 
Colonel wan np and laOfihiDg (aiiy at 
hU accident. "I've lic«n worae than 
that, gcntleaien,** be cxclstniGd, in good- 
natured nlltuioD to bis wounds on thv 
Acid of battle ; and, before lotring lh« 
village, the gallant officer took tare to 
klis Iiis buijd, in true km^iliLly bahion, 
at the young lady who had been Uic on- 
vrilUog canse of tlio cAsualtr, and whose 
tears, upon seeing how nearly sliu hud 
heva occaxioniug «. cataaimiilte, weic 
more cloqoent tlian the fullcvt cxcuKS. 
Thus all's well that cuds well, and the 
inrtdcnt Ui i*bich our Itadtcal friends, 
with their usual good faith, have sought 
to aacribe a revolntionarr vigniflriuiee, 
stands rednred to its tnio pmportiona. 
The whole crtat prorcs dmply this i 
That tbft approach of the cooscriptioD, 
tar frutu altering the loyalty and jiHtriol- 
itm of our peauDt-classec, tends, on the 
contrary, to heighten Ihonc seutimeola of 
attachment to the army and devotion to 
the Gnremment which chamctertsc alt 
ttascuable Frcuchmcn. 





tXr^Mteh from M, d« Boia/err^, Prt/ect, to *V. to VicoaUe d» L'ha«$9-CroiM 
Sub-Prt/fct at Champ-Ux-NrtUt. 

DiUJt Cius3E'Cboir£ — SiinflKnmjt Feb. 10. 

\qv an qmte right about attributiog tbo Ohnmp-I«8-Noix basiDesi 
to an accident. To ackuowledgo tho exUtcnce of disoSbction, save in 
coses wbcro proof enough eiists to Bend a fow men to tbo bulks, is 
for a. Profetii Uka comiuittuig Buicide. You am quite vrrang, though, 
in making light of the pranks lately placed at the TillagOi and in speaking 
indulgently of tho Btadcnt Marceaa. Yon muBt have that yooag man 
arrested at once. Very possibly it was not he who threw tbo sqoib, but 
it waa certainly hla bit« oecentho doings which put it tuto the bead of 
»iHne peasADt to throw it. Those (ellows^I mean the pcasanle — have 
no imagination of tbeir own ; but they ore like boboous — thor imitate. 
Your Tiews as to govormnent, my dear Vi$couut, aro too bmp : they 
waul mare starch. Troat the experience of an old stagw, who ba£ bad 
iifieon years uf it at Seinobourg, nothing was ever done by haudltog 
eoantr}*tQeii witli kid glotoe. There are atill four ilnys to t}ie eonscrip- 
Uon : this yuuug Harcena has plenty of time to do more miiicbief. ilavo 
him quietly arrcated in the night and brought to Seineboorg in a fly. 
We will keep him under lock and key till the foiuteentb, and tbun UberatA 
lum, saying it was a mistake. Mind, howerar, it ia done quutly: no 
noise or funs. An arreai loses half its terrors if not managed in the 
dark. Yours faithfully, 

H. i)E B. 

P.S. — I had foi^otten tho pcuaanl Floupincnu. Havo him orreeted 

too. no will be all the bolter fur n little eonfinoniout. H. ds B. 

LetUr/roM 31. dn Boxxfe^rr, Prr/fCt, to M. U OinertU da Camp-Chtaron, 

My bear Gekcbaii — Sdneboumj, Fth. 10. 

To save further unpleasaolnaBS dwing the next few days, I bavo 
sent oniers to ChaBae-Croisu to have the young studont Marceau luroiited. 
It cannot do any harm : a day or two in gaol will frighton biin and make 
him anxioDS to get back to Paris. 1 have also directed the incarceration 
of tha peasant Floupiueau, who has been going about with Morcoau, 
RQivelling bis sorrows and begging snbecriptioas to buy himself an 
inronuwe. I suspect be has done more barm than the otber. I know 
those poaaaots ; they are as crafty as foxes. Yon will have noticod that 
h'Aiffleat to-day gives the desirable version of tbo SAbronaoho a£bir; 
the other paper, La lUformt, takes tho inexpcdioot view. I nm going to 
■and a danial by Comuumique to the latter, and I shall apply for loave to 
prosMUta them oo a charge of inoitlog the citizens to rebel against tho 
law. This ha^ an ugly sound, and may frighten the Ministw into con- 
santing. It wilt be a pleasure for me to see La Rf/ormt in the dock 
agun ; it vUl be bko old times. I tlunk it ftd^uablft ^a vni.^ja^jui "^a 

--■ - II.. ■.^1—-^ ^.P— ^ ,. -^. ^i— ^i«. ^1^^ 



marching and mnsic with more zeal Uian over for lUDthflr wecic or so— 
cipecially in tbo Ticiuity of Cbamp-les-Xoix. It is a pity one cannot 
have B band uf mutiic sot ap penuuncuUy in liiat villitge ; I bnvo not 
aneh u troublosomo placo iu my whole proTicM. Pray ghre my kind 
rogwrda to Mndaine le Gpnemle ; and boliere jne, my door (Jeoeral, 

YoDTB Terr &ithfnlly, 

H. DE BoiUFEIUti:. 

JjeUrr/rftH JIT. liobert Maregatt, Stutieni o/ Law, lo hitfruad dJ, Ovttar* 
DuiHOncfi, Mtdiial Studfiitf in Pam. 

My Djum DotoNcEii— Ffh, 10. 

VoD will have got my t«legram thanking yoti for hilet of 7th iitst.* 
and sixty-throo buiios enoloead. I shonld have added tho acVnonrledg- 
meilte of the interesting Floupinoan, but tboy wore so nnmerons and 
jwlysyllabic, that they most have ncocBsitated a doable mesiagc — b thing 
nnadTiaable on grounds of economy. Little puree ia becoming big pnr»e. 
I received 100 francs vrrappod np in muuvo pApor, viLb feminine Biiper- 
Bcriptioni Ad mtyoivm Jiei CvpuUnis gloriam, vhieh most have been 
cribbtd oat of a dictioDary, as the Bp6ilisg was correct^: vhich it would 
not baro beon had th« lady tniBted to bflr reaonreefl in orthography. 
Two days aOcr, eoeond edition of tbo bimdrcd fronoB wrapped ia paper — 
pink this iimo — with Latin Bnpcrscripticin, itart«/ Purr f — which mighl 
haTo applied indiiTcrcntly to Floiipincatt or mo, but which I oqnitably 
uppliod lo both to save contestations. Flonpineaa had himfielf treasored 
□p 115 francs, and Mdllo. Annette, 255, which raised ihd total, ineladiog 
donation of self, lo 0&8 Cranes. Bat for (ho Inst two or throe days I 
have been on my legs from rosy mom to dewy ere, and by Mdobnui 
ImporttiQacy of ererybody within a radios of three leogaes poMesMd of 
the whorowithal, I hare scraped together an additional 110 franca, which 
rcdac^w the ij'tod e*i inrniiemlum to 47 firancs. This I ehall 0nd in the 
coQTBo of tbo present day, cither by adjudication of a wciioa of my 
wardrobe to the itinerant vundor of old clothing, or by a soUeitous appeid 
to the maternal valloU Xhii last chance, howeror, I regret lo «ay in 
passing* holds out bnt bypolhetical chances of anccess ; for a first appcul 
Ut the wallet in gnestiun iudaced the reply that, if Mmliune Morcona hnd 
money to spare, aho would expend it upon lae and not upon Floapioeaa 
— A ieotimont which I ''^d for its philijpro^enitiveDt.-gii. wliiliil 

d«pracatiiig it on ihu bn):i' [<iti£ of uuivernal phihiDthropr. W«> kept 

the matter of iho subecriptions werel from Mdllo. Ami«ttv until lait 
sight, when tlie iDt«restuig Floapjnsaa went, irrayed in Sabbath tmI- 
mentfl, (o communicate the secret to the object of his aSeetions. Not 
having boca prewnt nl Ibti intcr>'iuw, I eicraple to give b dcKcnpUoQ of 
the tamo ; but tim murnitig, nt break of day, I hnd to unbnut to the 
BhsDipootifg procitsfl of grat«rul thanka. ildllo. Antwito, drrased in bar 



ftir^Bt me. Mdllo. Armvlto looked Terr pretty, and ciied ; 
Uie inioreeimg FloniiuieAa, ad tiocomo him on sncli an occasion, oBered 
tho appoArance of a hoUcd lobster. Thero vu moro hand-ihakiDg 
and vows of grntitudn Hjao Rcemod to mo to meet the jasi demands of tho 
£080, for in poiot of dtet it is not ine, but tbe fiiir person who uctil tho 
tvo oditioQS of tbe lOOf. ooto, who sbDoM be thanked. I told MdUe. 
Annette as much, aud vrheu oho v&a gone, in company with her ewuin, 
both colouriog and happy, I sat down to write a abort noto to tho lady 
lihuai I suspect of thu bene&icliiiii, a Qur-bairod, bluo-eyed UtU« g«utle- 
woman, married to none otber than the gallant and distingaished flre-ooter 
who eommanda the military of this difltriot. 1 eont the boii<]ant of violets 
too (luith anon^-mooaly), bo that fibotUd I be wnmg in my guess — Ihongh 
i doelino to tbiak so, being of a pcrepicnoDa tiun of mind — no harm uill 
have been done. Xha day after to-morrow morning, Floupineaii and I 
■at cat for Seinebourg, to seek Solomon Mose, the white-slave trader, who 
deab in fhtl-grufni cltiztnis nnd instunmee policies. jVfler tbe termination 
of the busiaess with him, I shall have leisure on my bunds, and he able 
to derote the next three days to the dissemination of sound views on the 
jjonseripliou nmoitgHt the pcafiAutr>'. This leads mo to the subject of the 
ibvpreirc literatore yon thoughtfnUy forwarded. It has done wonders. 
have been cursed for thii propagation of it by e^cty ftinctionarj" on tho 
idal ladder, from the highest to the lowest, beginiung with the Prefect 
ending with the Mayor. The peasants don't onderstaud the papen, 
it thb doesn't matter; they paste them on their walla, and make the 
rcnetal foam at the mouth, tbe curi' tear his bair, the justice of the peace 
bis appetite, and tho garde cbamp«!-trc blaspheme so horribly, that if it 
TfionUimes I shall be compelled to apply fur a warrant against him on 
grounds of public morality. Tbey learn very qiuckly, those peasants. I 
itavo taught thorn some songs of '48, wlilrh they intone with rare good 
Tact under tho Mayor's Kindows towards midnigbt, I lending tbe ortiboslra 
with an innbrclia. 1 Bn5pcct if the conscription wcro postponed a fort- 
night, and I were obliged to stay here that time, Ibe Mayor and his 
bn>iber, the ohurcfawardeo, would be stricken down witli jaundice. They 
Lttn both yu'llowing perceptibly; but what is one to do, friend Dnmoncelf 
•XtOB mutt deviee something to make tbe time go by in tbin wildomess of ft ' 
TiUsgo. If there wore shooting one might hare recourse to that ; but as 
ttio fin rabbits and tbe two partridges wbo fonn tho yearly contingent of 
CgkiDe in this Department are invariably Bnmmoned to a happior world oa 
[the lt>l Kc[it«mbur, live mtnut«>a and seven seoonds exactly alter the op<>u- 
iog of tbe shooting season, aathohty- baiting is positively tbe only pastime 
left to koop one's watch from coming to a dead-stop, and one's life from 
withering ontioely in the bud. However, I confess I am getting as bsA; 
a name in tJioso parts as Maro's friend the //-r«/c Ut/tus, All tbe pdflAint 
'^who owe a grudge to anybody take advautage of my presence to pay i|] 
tiff secretly in the dark, and next morning tho responsibility of the mis- 
deed, wbatovor it may be, is laid by unanimoos consent on me. It is 

thiu I liATfl been already cndiled with lb« baficting of aq inoffonsivd 
faoeh&ad ou his own doorstop after DightlkUt vith the feloniotu slnymg of 
Madame la Jugo do Paix's cat, and with tlie tyln^ of » crackor to tbo tail 
of an eAgle-nOBod Colonel's bone yesterdaj moruiiig m tbia very village. 
This last oflair vhb do jok4, tbongb the villagers appeared to tliink it was. 
Tbe Colouel uxigbt have beeu killed ; as it waa, bia busby waa iquaahed aa 
fUit as a bilBn, tuid hia aword Iwiated iiito a carkticrenr by tbo nnmixtako- 
ably ugly croppur bo got. Tbo poaaauts have beeu luiightug at it ovor 
siuce; I think tbeir only regret ia the matter is lliat the CoIoqcI's head 
ivas not flattened loo. Tberu is uotbUig like rui'al lifo for stocking the 
lieart vith kindly fcolings, and inipartiog to tbo mind a droU poreep- 
titfu of bumoar. Thanks again to yoii and tbo "cabinet oooneU" for 
your olluriitg to Floupiuitau. I hope to be back amoogiit you soon. 

Yoars aflectionatoty, 


J«oKyiNoini Lrtlfi't in Femimur. Iltiml, depoitittd at M. Holwrt Muneau'M 
iloor, llfft ^fbruary, lotrardx creniwj. 

M. noncRT Mabcea,u is privatoly warned by a woll-wtsber thai orden 
bare bceu iasoed to have him arretted this very nigbt, aa welt w 
tbo pvAsaut Floupiiieuu. M. M&rccau bad better leave Chatnp-leS'Noix 
iiift<tiiil>/, and ki-cp biJdco far the next foir days. Tbo vritcr rotjoast^ 
M. llobcrt MiiTceaa will bam tbii. 


2Wff*rt'iTffi /row M, ft' Vicomte ilg CHttssf-CroM, Stth-Prtfrrtt la 
M. dr Boinfen-f, Prffrct. 

Fehrwiri/ 11, 10.15 P.JI. 
Two birds flown. Kcitber Student Uorccau nor Fioiipiccaii Euuod. 
Detectives on going at V.SO discovered both decamped hour before. Miul 
liave got warning. 

ificoiiil Ttlcj/raui /rom jJf. h VicomU tie CtiOMic-Ciohit, Stlb-Pirfnt, f^ 
M. de Boitftire, Vrejeci. 

JUiiillUfttt, J-'r'i. 

All safu. Two birds eanght. llavi^ dospatchod Ibem to Seiuvbuiujt. 


DMerj'ruui .V. Ue iiwijtrn, Pi eject, t- M. Vnttr, Oortrtwr qf the Pr\ 

v/ Sfinehoury. 

Uoxtncim — /vA. 1S.1 

Yor nin d«tam the two prisonen, U. Bobert UaroMn and llvbn] 

yionpiDcau, till tbo morning of th« litfa, and then set tbdn trw. Ynu wtU; 

fe tbry nra iodulgQiitly troatod — I speak aspooially of M. A' t^ati 

la wiU allow them to oomoiauicAbi with qubody. All lliu 1 , 

whl« Buat bo fonrardod to mc. 

HKiToa bn IloiKFUiaL. | 



*Zftl^r /mm ,V. liohfrt MarcMu, to his friend Guitate DumonMU "I Pnrif. 
(Oi^ (;/■ kalf-a-dtizm UtUn trriUen bt/ M. Hobfrt. Manvaa on 
th* momhig of his iHearctralioii, nnd trannmittetk hj 3/. Vr'dU to tlia 
Pr^eett hui nevtr /oiiranUd tv tltfirilMimation.) 

Mr OBAK DdvoKOKL — Prixn of Seinehoiiry, Ftbruitrif 19. 

I in in prutonl call No. 9, firdl-floor passnge, ono of tbose tltnt used 
to be rwerrtid for the joamaUsta of the locality during the palmy ilays of 
tb« Second Empire. The editor of La Re/oratt, de Seinei>on>y ased Ut 
eomo here so often that ha ended At laM Ity leaving a portmanteau full of 
tioAO, so u Dot to have the trouble of briugiog luggage each time he oame. 
I stopt in ono of his nightcaps ycatcrdny, nud shnH cull upon hiiu to 
thank bim nhen I go out. My urest, nod that of the tutcrcHting Flou- 
pineaa, who ta my follow-bondsm&n, though in another wing (cell 115, 
third Ooor baek ; rontUatiou defi<:teDt), iraa as unpleasantly sadden ns 
the fiilling nf a tile. I reaeived private wamtng yesterday that I vob in 
demiuid, and set out accordingly on a cuontry walk in the neighhotubood, 
in the society of X-'Iouptnoaa, whom I roused from hia coach. Bat where 

[ware we to go ? Neither he nor I knew — there is no railway, nor stoga- 
coooh at ('hamp-les-N'oix : wu had ti> tniitt to our legR. We made across 
the fields hopiug to reach Seioebourg oo foot, and there lie hidden in on 
botcl. Hat we lost our way, wandered about helplessly across au ci- 
panse of ploughed Geldii, and, at a turning of n road, aoexpectedly nui 
npoo four gcodonuca and a corporal, who happened to be on the look-out 
for oi. An hour tind twenty minutes aft^i-nards wu were lodged here. 
The poujilo arc vor^' civil. This nioruing I hKd Iwited beef for brcukfiist, 
and hopes ore held out of a ropctiUou of that delicacy at dinner. The 
governor told me, however, I could have anything else I liked by paying 
ioT it. which 1 thought considerate, especially as I bod no money. F}oa- 
pinsan's manly viitue« have come out well undor the teat of adversity. 
At fint, nnder the impression that his hDotl was going to be iofitontly 
shaved, ho waxed dciipundent and talked gloomily; but upon learning thai 
nothing was going to bapp^-n to him, beyond being locked up in an apart, 
tnenl eight feet by sii, he turned BAQgoine again, and has been InTcighing 
ever since against the Imperial Qovernmont. The melancholy part of the 
basiDisi, however, tti, that we wore to have insured Floupiueau to-day, and 
that our oooiinemcnt obliges mo to trust to the governor of this cstabUsh- 
fncnt for thodiitcbargeofthiti fonniUity. I have given bim the 800firanos— 

>,«vary fiirthing of the money Floapiueuu and I posseMAd— and ho has pro* 
uiiwd &ithfaUy that he wiU see about it, which is the only osgnrnncti I can 
aver wring out of this deuce of a fuueUonar}-. He has an iramcosurabte 
nose, and squints, bat hia manners are bland; I suspect the journalists^ 
his guests, have formed him. I know he aud the editor, whose nightcap 
Wore, woro groat ehunu. They used to sit together half the day, and 
editor, to utilize the leisures of his friend, taught bim to do pASte anc 


scissors bnsincss, so Uuit every time JuIob Finvo camt? here T.a lir 
Dsod to be sub-edited by the govDraor. M. Vrillo foatid this a sati 
iorj miT of adding two «apoUonn a week to bifl rerenne.-ftnd I Am tolil 
that the disco&itnuance of presB proseentioDs is irei{^lu&g heavily on tu« 
miud. My object iu wnUng to you, firidDd Dnmonccli it to nek you to 
basy yoorsclf aboat me tf yoa do not receive t telegram on tbo 14th or 
16th aimoaDCiog my Uberatlou. ForbHp<i they will set Floiipiacaa and 
DU) free to-morrow for tbo cousortptioD, aod if so the two days of boiled 
beef will Dol have much mattered. Boil if va are kept nodor look longer 
it may mean that we are going to be proeecated (or something, and Itua 
may be aerious. You have iuflauaLial eoimeoUoDs : yonr oooria has a 
hroUier in-law who knows tho nopkew of the Home Miointer's priTata 
secretaiy. Thi£ is a Uttlo intricate, bnt io misfortnue, aa io tore and 
w»r, all ways are good that load to tho desired eud. I do uot so miuth 
care for myself, bat I am nenroani abont Fluiipineuu and Mdllo. Annetto^ 
If Uio goTcmor does not manage the insurance to-day it will bo too late* 
aod if I'loupineaa draws a bad number to-morrow I shall feel the weight 
of a [lariog-stone on my eonscicoce ; for it ia certainly owing to mo that 
FloQpiocan is yawning at this moment in cell Ko. 1 15, anil Rbould be ba 
put into red hreecheH and preaeutcd with a chussepot, together with in- 
strnctioDB to Iconi tho nso of it for the next few years, it will aaqncstion- 
ably be owing to my fiialt. Good-by. If you ever think of settling ia 
the cODotry I reeommend you to keep clear of thia Department. Xli« 
Freleet has notlous conoemiog llie liberty of the snl^cct which appear to 
me radicidly unsound. 

Yona affecliODately, 

BoBUt Mascka 



P.S. — Should our imprisonment assuiUd a chronlo oompkiidB, 
aathorifio the nephew of your cousin's brothor-in-1aw to make tonns wit 
the Minister's privato aeorotaty. Iu oiehaugo fur the libcruLion. with all 
tfaononrs, of Floupincnu nod iteli', I would promiso a platonic allegiance 
I'lhe Imperial d^iutsty. I must decUnc, boworer, to accopt a seat iu 

11. U. 

LetUr/rom jV, Ytitlft Onnrtmr nf tht Prixm of Sfiofbourif, la 
M. <tf Boit/erre, Ptfftct. 
MoHiaxvB ut pKirci — F/*ft"!fy 19, 

I roKWAtui hetvwitL six letters, writteu this momiiif.' i 'bert 

Mareraa. and one by the pn'tiniier Fiaupitinin. M. Mareeaii .. 
nio wiUi 800 Iraiics. directing ma to insmo his fellow -piiaonor 
risk* of tho eonscription of to-morrow. 1 > ur ordon «a 

subject, and hnro tho hoMmr to nsnain, M. i 

Votu' most Immble, obodioot sornint, 

Zm n s i mi VuLL 



Beitiij/rvm JIf. dt Boifferrv to H. VrilU. ' 

[oxsutnt — 

I Du tiut 300 any Doodsnity for iusortng tho pri80u«r Floapioeaa. 
Uunk tho bast Lhiog that coald befalJ him nvoald lie to be trained to 
ibits of lojTiItT and good bohanonr, by init:jcotion Ut militarj discipliuOf 
toa had Uttei r«pijr to M. Uarc«au, iliat Toa luro no aaUionty to dupoM • 
'. 6sjadB confided to jou by pmoDors. 

I rtouuiu, &ii. 

liccioB DB BoisrenaK.' 

TfiffftoM from Jf. Itoliert Mtuwmt to M. 'Otmtaee DumOHcA, Medieai 

HtudciU in ParU, 

Fehniary H, 8 a.i*,] 
Jdst freo with FloapincaD. Bat gOTemor never insured. Floapmeaii 
'distmctttd. Consoriptjoa in aa boar. O0br of platouio allcgianco 

Kxlrartffom L'Aigle do Scincbonrg, Prejectoral Organ. 

FebriutTf/ 15. 

TesTBRD&Y the drawing of lots for tbo conscriptioil of Ifae present year's 
military contingent vaa begun ia llii s DepurtmeuL The drawing com* 
rjuoncod iu tlje coaton of Cbomp-les-NijUes, nnd v>c arc liappj to state tliat 
iAT«rylluug paufld olT iu tbe utmost good order. Tbu gaioty and loyal 
euthiuiafini of tbe pcftsanta were aa conspiciioufi as ob former oeeainons. 
Ttiero vaa Ibe atonal crowding of Ibo cburcbos and (jITeriorieB of tapers 
previous to ihti drawing, and we DC«d sourccly ndd tbflt tbo caftB were 
sa liill afl ever with coiucnpt«. who touited tbe sncc^ss of eftch other's 
military careers Id foaming juga of boar. Iu tbe eTcniug thera was a 
porConnance at tbe unall theatre of Cbamp-lea-Nefies by tbe dranmtio and 
operatic troupo of tbe imperial Tbcatjo of Selneboorg, tbo pieces given 
being /^ Orporol tt hr Pa}fii', tbe second act of I^» Jtyaijou* i/.- I'iV/k.*, 
and 1m h'iUt du lieijiuunt. The famous cavotioa in the la&t piece — we 
mean thu song of Iho " Brave Twenty-First "— waa raptorously encored, 
and 3Idlk). Lili Fontongo, who played tbo port of tbe vivandiere, was 
called again and again before the corlAin at tbo close of tbe act by tbo 
entbnsiutic and deligbtcd conscripts. Xbe only e^asode reported to tu 
In oonnectton witb tbo drawing of lota is the obstreperous grief of a 
peasant named' l-loupmoan, who, on drawing a ticket which subjected him 
to «Bnlmont, burst out into the moat violent and nnseemly dcmonstra- 
iionK of Borrow, and hod trentnally lo bd ^rcmored by tbe aid of tbo 
gendarmerie. On the whole, however, we never remember a conscription 
daj flo completely devoid of all rioting and eztraTagance. It ia evident 
that the Army, thanks to tbo constant solicitude of tbo Emperor for its 
velbro, 14 beooming oach year more poptUor amongst our TiUngen. 


Letter /mm Tilathane Ja Generate dt Citmjt'Chenon 1o htr frirad yiathmt 
la Voroiine de Tr«feuilltt, at Paris. 

pKAB LociSK — Fehiimry 15. 

I AM jnst lack from SMuig the coDscripiion at tho chief 
town of out cimtoD (Champ-leB-Noflea). nod I ud sorry to say it 
is all up vith ce pamrc PlnapiQeau in wfaoiii we botb took 80 
mach uitcrcfit. X told you, in the k-lt«r I scot you yesterdnj. how 
M. Marccaa nud bis }>mtnje bad been atrcstod on tho IStb, aod had 
bevu kopt in prison until it was too late to take out llie insorauce policy 
fur which we had iubscribod. All dopcndod, therofore, od the chance of 
the lottery-box, and that chanee has proved unfuvourable. I asked the 
Genernl to take ran with him to attend the drawing. I bad ncror seen 
tho sight before, and I most confess it ts a very hairowing one, Dotwitb- 
standing the boisterotia merranent with which some of the peaKant«, hut 
especially tho soldiers [acting, I believe, by tho Ocnaral's orders] emlea- 
TOlir to snrronnd it. Tho two chiirchps of Champs- los-Nofles were 
packed — packed is literally the word, niy dear — by women who bad come 
to pray and offer tnpeni for their sons, brothers, or sweethearts. It 
madu me almost cry to see them. Borne had been there as earlv as 
tux o'clock, and did not lulciid rising from their knpcR until tho drawing 
was over, nod thoy Iftiew for certain wholber their prayprs had arailed. 
The Virpu'* ^^"^^ '"'*** "^o mass of finwent, and the Vila's statue waa 
RO loaded with wreaths and cbapleta Ibiif scarcely any of it could bo 
8ccn. In tbo streets there mnst hare been at least a dozen futtune< 
tellers — gipsy-womon for the most part — who promised good Ineb to 
those who eroBscd their handft with itilrer. I noticed that these women 
all disappeared, as if by magio, when the clock atruck nine, aod the 
doors of the Main'c were thrown open for tbo drawuig. There wore 
soldiers of tho Unssars and 108rd in great noiohera interspersed 
amongst the crowd. They drank with tho peaaante, told them stories 
which I am sore mast have heen nntrac, and tried by ererv* means 
poKKiblo to excite them to ardour {or the service, ^mo of the officen did 
lite samo. I saw my coQsin, Henri do Marcclfty, going about in fnll oni- 
form and making himself aflablo with the xillagerfl, joking with them and 
offertug Ihcm cigars. I told him aflorwaids it waa a shame to deceive ttw 
poor fellows so ; 1ml he says it is butter than letting them grow rioiou 
and then being obliged to punish them. When tho doors of the Uairie 
vere opened, the crowd btust in like a milt-atreani broken looae, and the 
coonolroom wa« filled in an instant. The Qeneral, the Prefect, the 
otbco' authorities, and I, went in by the prirate door ; and when we cune 
on lo tr ' ' ' ui at Mio eud of the room, the peasants and soldiers, who 
appear- ' good-bumoar, clapped thnirhaads, audrfaeeredns londlr. 

I was the only lady in thr hall, and tlits made a ptu i( 

night b(i lacln- if he touched my bond. Be clunilvrod <b\- . .... i.^>.^^M, 
dboMcd his way iluoQgh the geDdumM ; and c^Hi^-iihstaodtng tbo poUee- 




), who polled tutu back by ilie collar and Beized bold of bim by tbo 
Jtrfcs, be manjiged to boiat himself ap to tbo nuling of the platfonn, and 
eapporting bunMlf by one band beld ont the otbor for me to sbako. I 
tiiought be deserved to be rewarded for his pAitiB, so I Rhoolt hands mth 
hUQ» and wiafaod bim good lut^k, to the i;'Voat dL'light of Uio audiuncc, wbo 
sbooted "ifiviro /" •' r/i-« MiiiLiiiif la Ofiu-rnlf!" A fewmiiuit«8 Ut«r, 
thin boy dnv uumber 127. which (.'xempU'd him from 8«nice, aiiii Ibcn tboro 
was ft perfect whirlwind of applaasc. The pood fortane v^as all laid to me, 
and when I left the Unirie, aAer tlie drawing va& over, I fouud the boy 
Standilig by my earring tvilh hia lint off, and a large Qonegay in bis band* 
wfaicb be oiTcred with on effusion of thanks that rather embamuwi) 
me. I nipposc yon know what the drawing of lots is like, dear Louise. 
There is a eylindrieal box hnnp on pirota, between two nprighta, and 
Sited inside with M many ticki-ta as there are young men on tbe muster 
U«t. There were a hnndred and foHy in onr canton ; ami as Iho Govern- 
ment gfvemlly tula's alxiat bulf, it was undtTfitood that alt tbe tickets bear* 
ing ft number below Mreoty, would entail enrolment. Bach of tbe yonu^ 
men comes np as bis name is called, gircs tbo whirligig a tarn, then 
dipa tdfl baad in and palla out a ticket. M. llobert Sfarcean was amongHt 
Ibe first to oome np. He is rpally as Belf-poasessed aa a king, that young 
man. He bowed to me, and 1 eonld sco by tbe look of acknowledgment be 
gxTe me that be gneRfcd it was I wbo bad sent to warn him that he was 
going to le onested, jart as be bad divined l>efore that it was I who had 
enctoKed bim th<> 100 francs for Floupiuc-au. He mounted tbo steps of 
(be pUitfnrm, very smart and freeh, and made tbe Prufcct Inugh by eayingr 
in hill cool way, that be bad been in fear the mgbi before ho might he 
deprived of tbe honour of attending tbe conecrip^ou. ITie niunber ho 
drew was 188, the highest hut two : so that even bad be not been iusuivd, 
as it iippears he was, bo would have been exempted. Tbe Ucnerat 
recommended bim to be off at once for Paris, and not come back till he 
jnui a barrister, and grown out of trick -playing. He langhed and stood 

Jc W make way for poor Floupinena, who came np next, with bis eyes 

ting and bis face as red as a poppy. The GencTal, who had hucm 
'looking at him, said, laughing : " You would make a capital dragoon, my 
boy. It is to be boped Fortune will have the good sense to think so." 
id sure enough, the next minnte tbe unlucky young man drew oal 
lamlwr 2, which puts htm, not into the army, but iutu the Marines, 
which is much worse, for tbe Marines are sent in garrison to tlio colonics. 
I hoped the boy would heiu* bin disappointment manfully, but be seems 
ttnusuAlIy imprefliottoblo. for lu cried and raved in such a dreadful 
fashion that h© had to bo removed by force. The rest of the drawing bud 
no intorest fur me, for 1 know none of tbo young men on tlie muster-roll. 
I am Tciy son^, however, for Floupinoau, and still more so fur that poor 
[irl who is so fond of bim. I spoke to the General about her, but, like 

soldiers, he has no sympathy for pcasaut loTc-maklng. ** Young men 
shouldn't fall in love until they have served their seven years in the 



ana/," ho bajs; anil I can get nothing more Ibaa Ibis out of him. 
hare sont an anonymoaa note to M. Marcean, anldng Hm to hand over^ 
iho two hnndred fnmca to the onhappj lad to help bay some ooinforlii' 
or his jonrnej to the coloaica. Did I do right? Thu Goueral says hdj 
will bo sent to Quadeloupo or Iho MartiDiqae. Panvre Floupineaat 
Your aflectioiiate friend, 

Eoa^NDE DB CA]fP-( 

LeUfr/rtmt 3f. Rottni ^fnrc^aH to his/riend M. Gttstarr JimuonefJ* 

My obab Buhoncbi. — 2riJ .VarcA. 

WiiKN yoa receire this I ttbnll be od my way to llruel vilh a 
QoTeramont order of enrolment in the Imperial Marines. I have ofiered 
myself u a BobsLitut^t for Flonpinean, And the Coancil of Bevtaion ban 
accepted me. I-'nuiklr, 1 could scnreely do less, for it was clearly mj 
fault if FlonpineAQ vaa not insured. Dcsidcs, he vonld M'^e made a poor 
Huldior, would Ibis lore-atrioken ilelibcsos; and I think I can render 
m&re voluaUo sun'ice to the State in the ehaxaelcr of a docile rccrait than 
he could ever have done as n filnrine, eternally despondent nad goggle* 
tyvd. If there is any stnd" in mo, 1 oaghi to he able to carve my wny 
as well in life with a blue tonic on my back as with a black stuff gow 
and n cAmbrio fall : it will only he a qnostion of biceps inotead of hin^i 
This is Uio view my father takes, and ho will not bo very sorr>% for ha baa 
never bad much opiuiun of talking; profcsaiouH, his own idoa of a desirable 
existence boiog pipecky and drill in altemate doses. As for FloupiniMin 
aiid Mdlle. Annette, they are to b« married in three weeks. I shall not 
have sailed for the West Indien by that timi>, so that I shall ask for m 
t^'u days' leave in order to come buck and — by my bucolie friend's 
special rcqncst — give away the bride. Kind remerobraoces, old fellow, 
io JOB and all the set, from yoars and theirs affecUonatelT and marincly, 

BOBEBT lUKCKAr./iJfffrc h'ieUt'MnrthaK 

P.8.— The only bad part of the hasIiieHS is the aHsgiaaca to 
I>3rnasty. It mnal bo fnll and wilhont alloy now ; phitonism won't do. 
If you send me any paper henceforth, mind and lot it be the Offinef. 



Ibgatnsi Cimt. 




TF the ibBieholdeni bad r«asoD 
to bfl Batiflfied, asstiKdIy tbe 
Governor and iho Din>ctor8 had uo 
canne to complam. Their fixed ap- 
poiotmouts wvro liberal to cxcees, 
their coDtingent ones mQnillce&l to 
cxtr&ragaucd. 'Mr. CbildoraleJgh, 
to begin with, oqjoyed as ncertaiDl^ 
Bometbing litUc less tbrni Uie salary 
ofaCftbinotMiiuBier. TbcDepulj- 
QoTemor, audKr. Uemprigge, tb« 
HanagiDg Director, each reoaired 
tho oquivalonl of a judge's retir- 
ing pensioD ; wbilo for attending 
infrequent eourti, or attaching 
occasional antogmphs, the rank 
aud file of tho Board drew the 
flBkOlomeols of stipoodiary mogistrotos. Bat all that was dwarfed to 
infligiufiiiance b^ the porcentago they became ontltlod to under the articlei 
cif aseoeiation on the grois profits of eaob of the Company's transactions. 
it waa distributed among Ibem in proportions left to tbtiir own discretion, 
B didieate uud coosiderato arraugomont, as tbco the full amount of tboir 
noeipb stared neither them oor the sbarobolderB etuspicuonsly lu the 
film in the annual balanoe-aheets. Indeed they remained very mnch of 
ft myvteiy to all bnt those the looet neariy eoncemod. Naturally the 
lion's share of the fund in questiou was apportioned to tho Governor, the 
ttniwiatipg spirit of tho wbolo, the man wbowi versatile talents, social or 
ecmmaxeLal, were always straining thomsolTes for tho benefit of the Com* 
pany, who was eqaallv at home in Mgotiating complei financial traosao- 
tions vrtth foreign mpitaliiit^, bnrd aa flints, shoip as man, smooth and 
treaeberoos us tigcri, or in doing the honours of tho Cr^t Foncier to 
Sb coDiwciioo, blending sets and ranks in his hospitable dining-room in 
a geaial fellowBbip. 

IL was banljy to bo woodend at that his pecoliar poeition sboold waka 
him a UttU more grasping than he woald otherviao have shown himself. 
Bat in dbouaiiig with Mr. lUmprigge the allooAtion of the DirMtora* 
TM.. xu, — Ko, 123. 22, 



indirect romuoenilioo, before sabmittiog a, proposal on the snbjt^ot to ihe 
Board, bo hod been disagreenbly aBtoniabed to find a goo4 deal of stolid 
MBistoDCd doxterooflly insinuated bytbat geutlemaa. Ilomptiggo, indeed, 
professed bimsclf satisfied and gratified nitb the share destined to bim, 
— as, indeed, he might be ; nor did be take direct exception to that 
which Hugb proposed to appropnate. But he hinted at the policy of 
(leftling by the otbera irith a freer band, the more gratnitoiifily, as it atmck 
the GoTcmor, that no one of the portitTfl more nearly intereHted expreseed 
illitautJHfiicUou when asked to ratify tba suggested armngemantd. For 
Hugh bad his way in the end, yieliling tut very slightly lo the amcndmenta 
moved by hia colloagrio. The little difference, however, led him to vex 
himaolf with mncb ipecalation on Ilemprigge'a motiree; for iti! regret to 
say it never onoo occarred to biro to give the Uanaging Director credit for 
the diabterestedneaa be churned. The clond paased away, but it left a 
ouoluess, which Hemprigge thenceforth strove ceaselessly to mmove. 
Yi)u would bare said that, having dlsobnrged a most painful duty in 
speaking out bis opinion as to the reasonable emolnments of tbo GorerDor, 
he had found a positive rohef and pleasure in being ovcnroled. Ho 
appeared too eager to prove, by his redoubled »ml for the interestn of bis 
colleague, that he bad aetod very moeh against tbo grain upon poraly 
public gruunds. 

Hugh liked his work and be liked the money it brought him, and when 
the novelty had worn away of having found an object that constantly occu- 
pied his thonghls and time, the first er^oyable excitement calmed down 
into something that was even more agreeable. Then he found himself oon- 
tinually forgetting the end in the means, and foUowiug out tbo bnslnesa 
of the hoar without bostowing a thoogbt on the fntoro ho was working 
for. At the same time all earthly jo^'s have their alloy,, and the very 
fulneaa of prosperity brings a bitter of its own. His iiiromc was a largo 
cme, &r larger iban ho could have hoped; and although It whs in somo 
miASure precarious, tt made him feel ahready more independent of th» 
fortODO be was atrinng after. But the greatea it grew and tba mors 
nunonr maguifiod it, the more false did bis potiitinii Ihrimteu to become. 
It Was his acknowledged social standing, rather than btisinL-^^ tftlcuta which 
were a secret to all the world, that had rccommcndvd liim originally for his 
post ; and wben the Board placidly yielded bim f)o mncb of tbo commoa 
nmoncralion, it was on the implication that much of it ahonld belaTiihsd 
in advortisiug. Thozo ws« u tucil undsnUndiug— or so he felt, at Isast, 
— ^tbal be should entertain the inraating pnhlic on a gCDcrons scale and 
he«p a botpitablu bouse. 

XCs own tastes, as wo know, tended naturally to the tnaguifieent, and 
he hated that iwy one shonld say be alinted » bore he was bound to K]>cQd, 
or that be did hb coUcagoes lesa than liivish jiitttict'. Had he had no 
ulterior views of his own be vonid have asked nothing Iwttor than to 
move into a moro spaoinns miDsion and thmn it open to all eomsrs. Tbft 
Imi b« bkod his gowflls indivtdnally the niOTe jl would have plaosed him V> 









iiBilU hit ittTitationa tDdiserimiuate ; tho more of tliom hs oro«4liMl together 
lio Im8 wis he pat oat bimBetf, for the larger his parties the more of aa 
idol cbaraotar they asBomctl. The comparatively mode«t dimoDsiona of 
Harloy Street rooms gave the gathering there a tons somciliing too 
iDiUy to suit his tMtes, and ha moved through them lu acoutluual droodl 
iof haring to submit blandly lo be buttoQ-holeil and badgered. 

Jn easnal eonTenaluni with Uemprigge, he had alluded to his preocen- 

itiuna OD this score, bftlf hoping that n gontleman who knew his aims so 

^irell wonld piunuiuce fur pnidoace and the propriety of slaying ijaietly lo 

his present quarters. To his surprise, Hemprigge, althoogb ho curtftinJy 

did speak much us wiut expected of hini, did it iu a vay that l«fit more to 

inferred than Chihlerslc-igh Ukod. Pafliug out his cheeks, nodding his 

1, and looking, as Hugh thought, abominably Tolgar and familiar, ho 

ake of not miuding anytMng the world might say in a way thai led 

lth« Governor lo tbiuk the world hod been talking more tkan be had 

[npposed. Whereupon, however, he came characteristically to the sag*. 

jOOnelasioD, that it being erideutly idle to attempt to satisfy a world sd 

f,«xaeting and onreasonahle, the wisest thing he could do was to romain 

Fwbere be was and go on acting ae he had been doing ; to keep bis eye on 

ibo main chance and the golden prize, taking good oaro in the meantime 

[voi Xo let penny wisdom make him pound foolish, and without plungii 

itn extraTBganco, to err, if anything, on the side of Uborahty. 

When entertainments were so fi-eqaent, it was evident one mast be 
|i|pT|D to celebrate so great an event as a general meeting and the firs^ 
rdeobratiou of a dividend. Acconlingly two-and-twenty guests were bidden' 
[to Harley Siroet, tho extreme number its dinbg-room coald contain with 

What sort of dinuor are we to have to-day, Hugh ? " demanded 
Rosbbrook, strnlling iutu tho drawing-roouii where he found his cousiilJ 
:iliiuding alone on the hearth, glancing over the tmmmnry of tho day's pr 
• eoedings in tho oTcuiug paper. Uia lordship was occupying a bedroom 
in the boose. 

" A good one. I hope, and am happy to believe, for I am most oat* 
rageonsly hungry. I think we may trust to Casserolo, and there's out] 
good thiag about these boHinoiis spreads : the men carry their Citi 
ponctuality into their dinner c-ugagomonte, and if yonr cA'*/ feels they may 
not apprecialA all the refinements of his art, at least ho knows his geuios 
has fair play and be may sutisfv his oonseienco." 

" Tbcn ho can always rely ou one connoiBSour, cli, Hugh ? But I did 
not refer to the mutcritl of tho feast. I only wish I knew that all the 
departments of the Company wore as admirably filled as your kitchen, and 
that its strong-box would always be as wcU provided as yonr larder. What 
I mean is, whom are we going to have 9 " 

" The Board to n man, 1 fancy, unless, indeed, Dolaconr throws ns 
over. He held oal hopes he might." 

" Hcavea grant it I " paruithQeiMd Lord Roshhrouk. 

iter I 


ma I 

"And a few othors ndmilted on a Tery high propoHj qrulifieatloti. 
Not a man of them with tuBs than his half-miUioD or thercAboatSt 
BeynardAon oomefl to represdnt th« Cbareh. After his e|>ceeh of to-day, 
I fthall always say no mau has a moi-o profotuid icnght into eharaetior ; 
niid Ihca tberoB thai little Bcl^^nii raAcal, Damont, who eo Dearly legged i 
QB in the matter of tbo Moutonegrao luao." ^M 

*' Quito right: there's nothing in bettor taste than bononring an hoooar- ^ 
ablo ndre-rsary. He's an anmsing Utile beggar too, if his English were oulj 
a shadti more intelligible, and thoro he has tho adi-nntAge of most of the 
others. But hero cometi one of them, confuimd Iiiui, und il wants 
minntes of eight still 1 " 

A ring, a niflh of foct, a name toftnod like o tcnniii-bnll &om moi 
month and landing np to landioi;, the door ia flung open, and enter 
Mr. Hetnprigge. 

That gentleman, as he monnted the etaira, had marked vith 
interest he always exhibited oU the signs of dieplny, and had r&pidly ran 
tluoagh some mental calcoliitions as to the weight IVIr. Ohildersl^gh might 
bs efaarging himself nith, in this race uf bin for the 200,000/. Hngh bail 
done little tu the hooae since it come into his hands, and ite deportee 
owner, had she revisited her late dwelling, need hare had littlo diffictdty n 
identifying it. Faded carpets had gireo place to fresher ones, soma 
articlos of furniture hnd been renewed, and, in particular, the stifT- 
baeked chairs and uncompromising sofas had boen cashi(>ri'd iu bvoiu' of 
a profusion of loxoriona ones. But on prineiple, and under the pc 
drcomstAnces in which bo occupied the honse, Hugh wl his face 
show, and deoUned to brand himself a nouetuu ridie and make a Tttlf 
match of it with mushroom capitalists. 

Everything about him argued the assured position and nnassuming 
wealth that have no need to puff IhemsolvoH, In the interests o( the 
Compai^i at whoso hoard he had (bund a npat, Mr. Slarxbr had consented 
to Hu tnukafer of some of tho old fiimily portxaits that had gemmed the 
walls at Childerslcigh. Now, in the dining-room at Harley Street, black- 
velTot donhleta and Flemish raSs, lovelocks, cnirasees and slashed aatin 
koee. pattdtea. powder, and diamond -clustered stomachers, epaulettes and 
pigtails, Antonio Mores, Vandykes, Lelys, QainsUnooghs. and Be}-noldse«, 
lookod down on tlie gold-grabbers at their feasta. Aooient «-aInut buffets,, 
block as cbooy, threw out in relief the maseire plate that luatled Ihoi 
from a pair of sahrexs by Collini to cups won for Ungh'i graodlktber 
Us prixo pigi. 

** Quaar boey, a swell like Childersleigh going in so hard for business," 
WHiMi ftweitraak gnaatt oppressed hy thnu unaeenstomod magmflcsnoMt 
Toold wfaispar to his DCDghbonr^ 

"A Tory good thing for us though.' ' r would .." "" l-aek, 

u «Bd only diowB what a rare turn he Li^ So (or > --.ros, 

and the precious metals in the unromoneratiro ihape of phiti.', yielded tbcir 
owner labfltontial rctnind. 



Fraiiiuiit visita oaght to hare itimUUrized Homprigge with all Ihu 
0p]«)idoar» jet hv dwelt apon it dow vitb tinimpaired oomplacetiey. Uu 
epiiita ruso kb lie pn&sod fiuni the cliUlj Rtrcet iuto b hadi all ablaze with 
light* aud lireriesi aail looked in at the opoii door oS the beaTyi:urtuined 
dimng-room vhera a thousand ftamas were dauciag on gilvci and crystal. 
"All mj doing, too," ha told himself invardly with eicusubie priile, m he 
stole his handa toward each othor to indolgo them in a, furtive rnb. while 
Ilia neat little person anrelled itself proudly, ami his hcnrt throbbed up 
■yiinat his embroidered Bhirt-front and diamond sLods. When he followed 
hi« name into the dmwin^-room, he felt much like Mr. Childcrsleigfa's 
patron saint come condescending) jr to luke pot lack at that gentleman's 

lie had arrived early, in the cbonoo of baring a few wonla cinlntly 
with Hugh, and giving hia friend the Governor an opportunity of grncefully 
* Emoothing down the pltunes Kuahbrook's epooch had rallied. And lo I 
Rnshbrodc in perwn stepping forward to greet him with an air of flattering 
intimacy as he seldom wore, just as if his eulogy of the aAemoon had been 
ftU it profeaaud to be. 

" Ob I it'fl yoa, is it, Hempriggo ? Coma early to have a gniet laugh 

I «i the proceedingB of the day before tho others tarn np ? Capital fUi these 

^«oleaui lOMttngB are, to be sure ; I norcir saw grave eomedy better pat 

f^npon any stags. Not a theatre in town coold touch it. The whole thing 

'Vas inimitable." 

" Well, for my part, my lord " 

** Ah, yea, what on excellent speech that was of yonra. Kot a bit 
ffloch of it, bat all well chosen and to tbo purpose. Aud not a man of 
"them, eieept, perhnpii, Hugh there, knew tlial yuu and I were Iniigfaing aO 
the time at each other and every one «lw." 

Hempngge was qnite aware his lordship was &r too intelligent to 
expect to take him in by this affectation of friendly bonhontif, and perhaps 
ho might havo Tiodicntod bis own ifhrvwdueee by iutimuting as mnob aod 
Tetortiiig. But juiit tbun tho door opening again made him pansc and think. 
Jietter than most men, be know the value of keeping on good terma with 

I, especially when they were atonee rich and needy. Bo, asLoi 
'ftnsbbrook ehtnu to bo intimate and plessaot, he made np his mind not I 
boolk him, bnt by parading his present afleetionate iiuniliari^, prot 
himself as (or as ho coold against iigoiy from bis fatnro outbreaks. 

The new arrival was McAlpine, who came striding into the room 
very pictaro of bluff health, and &s nnlike a man who had passed 
''Ihe bast of his life in the Indies as coold well be imagined. 

*' How do yon do again, Ohildcnileigh? I'm glad to see Bcane one 
before mo, bnt Ht-mpriggo there always is beforehand with his play aod^ 
work. I'hti truth is, with fair travelling I can gcnerslly time my 
a ^-ard, but then it's no sueh easy matter aUowtog for all the crossijiigcj 
Btwtten this aud Nottiug Hill." 
" Yon don't mean to tell na yoa'vo walked 9 " 


" Every yard of the road. After nitting so raaiiT rears in thnt infenul 
Suddur Court at Jabbnlporo, my ioga take a deal of Btrcleliii^. Then I 
like to keep myself iti condiltnn for the Gartnacabor hills. Yon ongfat to 
know Bomething of t|iein, CfaUdorHleigb, but I think they're a bit stifier in 
my conntry than over with your people in Kilioden. Bewdei, when I walk 
la my dinner I generally find my appotito haa got thero before me, and 
that's the way to make anre of one ploatiani companioD, lei me tell yon." 

But early aa Hempriggo and McAlpine had come, they had no 
monopoly of overstrained punctuality. Already a noiae ae of a Pickford's 
riui OR wheels, followed by a crash at the knocker, told of some tees on- 
nflsiiming arrival, and enter Ilndgnr, who, in the earlier part of his life, 
having limited hia aapiratlons to boots rather than oarriageii, could now-a- 
days no more more without wheels than his msssire wntcb. To the east of 
Charing Cross station he ncrer showed except through the windows of hii 
huge oaravan ; its orange panels relieved "by itt crimaoD liveries. Then' 
Um steady rat-tat at the door made Iho clostng it almost a form, and tb» 
itMuns began to fill fatit. From habit, perhaps, even pending the imminent 
announcement of dinner, most of the assembled gnoste seemed to boij 
themselves with biisiucss in one form or another. 

Childcrsleigh wua the centre of a gronp who thought rightly that, in 
default of any more immediate objccl^, it waa always a iiage thing to pay 
homage to the Governor. RuRhlirook was in the middio of aootheo-, who 
engtrly availed thomaelvcs of the chouco of improving their aognaJntance with 
the fatarc peer. Among theHe Ilndgcir was oonspionons, speoiBlly instmctsd 
to Ihut effect byUrs. B.,aDd fharged with the delicate mission of secoricg 
hia noble brother director for one of his chaste little dinners. The Argive 
hrothen, Theologoe and Andreas, who were dreaming of some kiteflying 
on a mammoth scale, had pinioned the Managing Director down on an 
ottoman between them, and were plying him with oompliments, which lie 
managed to swallow somehow, although his sense shnnji from such highly 
sugared bonhnm. Dnniont bod button. holed Honssein Facha : for men 
were talking of a radical change of men and measures at CoDBtantiaople, and 
Young Torksy might be called to power and concessions might be going 
ft-bsggmg. Sehwaitsehild, accnstomed to move a minor planet among 
ni»U satellites of his own, and now n^octed for ambiguoos meteors and 
ahootbg-stan, gloomed snUeuIy nador a onrtain ; and EolfgaDger. left in 
eqoal iKdation, shniggsd his sboolders, not iU-pleased, and plekod up the 
Pall Mall llagh had thrown down. 

" Mr. C'hildendeigh, served I " As each man (bit constrained to wiA, 
for some one else to show the way, there was a jealons jam by the door, 
followed by % desporate scramble, when the host, ofiering the pat to the 
Tork, proseedad to pUot the way. At the bnad of his taUe bo was 
supported by Huoasein Pacha on the one side, while Sir Ralph PaHiHr, 
with esrono eotf-roHpeot. had olbowsd bis way into tb« vacant place an the 
other. Dumont, with the tenacity and ussnranceof his brtnid, still dui^ to 
ths hoDOond UaBsalmui, «ho for bis part was not sorry to £sd a B|ir%bi^ 






iMl^iboiir, vho could cluttUr to him in a iongao bo was (uimUar ^itb. 
At the other eixS ^via Kashbrook, radioot nt bnviog mftncnnvrod Budi^cr 
OQt of uillior Hout ou bis right baud aud bu left. Ouo of Lfaeiu be bad 
f^nieUjr socarod for lloirgADgcr, while old Mr. CoX| of Cox, Biu'bor and Co., 
the Company's baukerv, a quiot bomorous tndiTiduol, gifted wilb the 
luefol knack of luiobtrQaiTety appr^iatiog anj good things that might bo 
going, bad mouiij^od to drop iuttt tho otbor. 

At first Ibe party was far from n lively ODO, spito of the laudable efforU 
of the host to promote something like geoernl conversation. Xothing in 
Baton pwbftpa is mora stiscoptible than a eooiety of milliouDaires, and fev 
things Dinro diNlruntfiil than a party of competing capitalists. To do 
avray with tbe initial o)ij*iotiou to making ao easy gathering oat of materialo 
80 rvpellent, procadenco slioold be nttorly abolished by Bome such device 
A* John o' Groat is snid to have adopted in bis patriarchal household, 
whoro each man, entering by a door of hts own, tuok \m seat at Trbat he 
migbt call tho top of his own table. Order of rank must become a qnos- 
tioo of crcilit when you settle it by sheer income, and where money meaiis 
merit it is a matter of character and ranity as well. 

Howover, the starch began to dissolve in the turtle and the wine, and by 
the Umo the daeanters were in rapid rcTolulion after diuQi>r, all were in 
train, and on playful and genial as it was in their nalare to be. Bat it was 
foilanate. perhaps, for Cbildersleigh that mo»t of what was passing at the 
oUier end of the table was lost in the noise of the intemuttcnt skirmiHb 
on Oriental politics fought ont around him in shrieking French. For Ixird 
Rnf^hbrook, once more slightly oblivions of bis responmbilities, was in his 
pJement, drawing reckk'»<sly on the good faith of his neighbotUB^ and assent- 
ing gravely to the very etartling social and political tbeorios bo persuaded 
lome of them to hazard. Mr. Cox. who liked fan as much as bo hated 
new men, waa actively abetting ; ao was JfcAIpine, who wu blessed with a 
marvellooa control of couutooanee ; oud so unwillingly was Bodger, whoso 
fanwst warmth it was that at last " parted that fair company." 

" Dy the way, I bear the Enst London Rebof Committee bnTo applied 
to the Board for a subscription," obsor^-ed Dr. Iteynardson. interpoeing 
himself as peacemaker in a rather hot argument. " I sappose there m 
euflering among the lower orders/' be went on, swaybg a glass of very old 
Madeira against the light, and regarding it with a languid amoronsness. 

*' If I have any voice in the matter," vociferated Dudger, "I shonld 
say, not one shilling. Depend on it, that oinety-nino limca in a houdrud, 
when ft man Btarvpti the fiiult's his own. Show me a pauper, and I'll show 
you a rascal, Msko paupcriHm penal, I say, if yoa wnnl to have done 
with H oDoc nod for ever." 

" Of course, to a great oxtent we most all be inclined to subscribe to 
those very moderate observations of yours, Mr. Budgcr," rejoined Lord 
Ititahbrook, "and witliont going quite to the length you do, I am of 
opbioD K mi^t be right and expedient generally to condaom ^vretiy lo what 
I might call a native proeeripbon — to leave it to look tftar itMlf and 


take ils dumeo. Dot. with regard to that hundrodth case yon spuk of, 
wbora you ndmit the pnoper nuy oot bo vboll; to bUute, hovi Bhould yon 
propoBO (lealing with Dial 7 " 

** Oh, it's not worth whtlo sloppiug to toko ovory soparalo eise into 
oODSiderktlon. Bendes, it woald do for more hann than good, and open 
a door lor deceit and all manner of rasealitf. Dopcod apon it, thuy'ro 
all tmrrod with rery mocb the same brash, thoao beggan. There moal be 
people ool of luck in the world ; bnt Ihat'a no reason why their betton 
sbotUd bo bothered and robbed cm the chioce of helping them. 1 say 
Again, every man for himself, and let Ihem as oaa't help tbdOMtvoa 
go to the wall." 

*' The question is one beact with dilBculties," aiiggestod llnahbrook 
grwely. " If they go to the wall in<>toftd of the woi^oiiso, sooner or 
later you'll have to saorificd your principles and take them in hand, for 
year own eake, were it only to bory them." 

*' Ho you may, and a very groat Hbame and hardship it ia; bttt then, 
mark thia, my lord, yoa don't give up your principlea at all. You do It 
for yonr o^n sake, not for theirs. That's the difference. Ah, if wo could 
only briuK things to that point, we might aflurd to leave the rest to time. 
No, no, none of yom* philanthropy luid humbug for me. I'm all for 
joaUoei and the plab, commou-senso viow of things. 

" Well, but to eomo back to the subscriptioo Ihuy aak aa for, what do 
yoa ny to that, doctor?" aakod Buehbrook. "Yoa differ from Mr. 
Bodger, I know, for I saw yoorname figuring eonspioaoofUy on their list," 

The doctor blushed alighUy. His name had figured for a couple of 
gninaas, and now he regretted perhapx that he bad not tistenod to the 
voice of ruuity, and made the two t«n ur evoo twenty, as he bad onea 
tboQgbt of doing. 

•* It'9 a dtfhcnJt queation, an }-oa abecrro rery jually, my lord ; and, 
my own experience haring loin, 1 am glad to say, mainly among a very 
ditTercut class, — a question, perhaps, I am less able to solve than another,; 
but for myself I am ro far inclined to agree witb Mr. Itudgor. that I 
believe poverty to lie for flie nuHit pari the appoiut^Ml penalty uf rice, and 
thai again brings as Caco to face with our oonecicncee. In taking whole- 
sale steps to relieve it, may we not be flying in the face of Providence t " 

"It waa flclflahness, doetor, maybe," inlerpoeed MoAlpino, "butt 
remember well wbon I waa at Jnbbulpora in the famino yoar, that the sight 
of the luggers dying by hundreds all around me took away my appetite moio 
tiian the nm ; and the thermometer would havo atood at 12t)° iu the shade, 
if there bad been any. If I bad not spared them a few of my rupee*, 
upon my honour I don't believe I ebould have been ablo to dino ol all. 
Perhaps it's supcrstitioua too, but fur my own pui I don't believe the 
Credit Fancier of Turkey would be a gr»iu the poorer for nindbig tb* 
eomfiiitteo ■ choquo for a few bundnidi.'' 

"The very thing I waa thinking myself," etchuoed honest Mr. 
Marsbj, vho waa little given to talking, but who could foel with all the 





Ttgonrof A Qoriil oonstitalioo. "Tbo plensoro'of a gUsa of vrine Tritb 
foa, Mr. McAJpine ? " 

" Well. woU/' roDuu-kod Doctor BdjiuriiboD, " cbarit3''s as admiral>U 
yirtoo when yon can practise it witli a pare consoioDCO, and I have 
doubt ffkatovur the Board vrill exercise a wise diiwretian." 

" To bo very frank with you, Doctor," retorted McAlpino, " I think 

^od^r's postUoD more defenaible than .voora, and I'm not soro I dou'kj 

hia practice nearly aa well. It's true you ptofesa to allow Charity aUj 

'manner of freedom, bat you look ofler her B«>^tn{rofiaIIy all the time th&t| 

for any good yon let her do, you might jn^t as well keep her at ho 

with youTBolf. "Sow that's what Badger does. Ho loves her so mneltj 

[that lie niouopolizcg hor, and every beggar knows exactly where to harBi 

I him. Ue would bare the poor- lawn written in blood, and make death the 

penatty for a breach of them." 

" Tea, by ■ I would I Mr. ItTcAlpine," ahouted Budger, dimlf j 

^eoiiBciims he was being ridiculed, and bringing dun-n his fist on tho iahle, i 
rilh an {'taphasis that made the plates and the glasses danre again. 

" I'amii jN" ca chnuffa la. baa" remarked Dumont, breaking off in a] 

voluble exposition of the advantages of extending the Cr&Ut Foncier't] 

I operations to Russia, and regarding tho other end of the table IhrouglL^ 

bin oyeglasa. 

" \vs, really, I think you had belter ring for coffee, and have somal 
iliqacarH thron-u on the troubled wnien), Cbilderalcigh," said Sir BalpIuJ 
' " If yon were to give us a specimen of your skill in brute-taming, an<l| 
^nb down that animal Budger, now ?" ho added in a whisper. 

"Much better leave him to Roshbrook," responded lln^h, coolly.] 
"He's rising, and has his eye on htm, I see, and >riU have bis nmii 
through bis in another moment. There'B nothing so soothing to Bmlger 
AS being smoothed down by a visramit." 

" Tos; there's no accounting for tastes, hut I should say Bnshhroolc'l 
and Dudger soom made for each other, and Tve no doubt they have bot 
thoroughly cujoyod the evening." 

It was moro than tha host could say. As he mounted tho stairs t 
his bedroom, after dinmiasing the last of his guests, ho soliloiiiii^^d with 
> veaiy ngh : " It's all vezy well, the tu^inesa pari of it, but confound Ihaj 

Tiia Waif warded to Lakd. 

Loot Winteb did pay a long vihit to " The Codors." Aj months Bhppoi 
•Awny, she and every one eliM> came to look upon the place as her homo. < 
'Uaude had taken to potting her proUy/e from the day she carried bor ofTjj 

And, flnt for his dangler's Bake, afterwards for hia own, Sir Basil, in hisj 


own stotol; iraj, did Uie s&me. At first Lucy, regarding herself oa a 
bnrdcn ber cntortainera bad cbiuitably charged thomselvcs with, woa gtvon 
to attempting awkward Uttio speeches nbont rctioring tbcm of H, Bat u 
thcro was nowhere else in thd wide world for her to go — aa she had na 
plans whatever, even of the raguo&t — and us Muude vrould never listsn to 
ht>r seriouslv, she became scnsitivelj olive to tbo nbsutditv of Tolttn* 
tccring them, and resigned herself accordingly. Then, us her sbyncHs 
and self-distmst wore away, she came to see that she reallj counted 
for KonetbiDg in tbo hoasehold, and coald not help flattering herself 
they would miH5 her were she gone. Maadc, to he sore, did ber Tury 
best to spoil hor. At Urst it waa with sometliing of an effort she had 
luviskcd the bliiD'IishnieiiU of which sho was gcneraUj bo chart', and as a 
peniteDt atonement for pi-evioua Deglcct ; bnt flrst it grew into a habit, and 
then a plonsure. Among her many luxorieB she had nercr before enjoyed 
a fricDdRbip, aod possibly never would have indnlgrd id one hod ebe beCD 
obliged to oontraut it npon equal terme and fair gire-and>take principles. 
She was too domineering and unyielding for that ; far too intolerant of 
conventional seotiment and femiDine exactions. But she looked on Lucy 
as Boraolhing of hor own, with which there could be no manner of rivatjr , 
with which it WftS needless to stand on the dcfcuaive, and impossible to 
ttiko oBence. Sbo got herself the taak of funning her, coaccding her, iu 
the meaotime, the freest liberty of thonght and speech— a liberty which 
Lacy, to be saro, was the last persoo in the world to abnse. Bot Sfaado 
liked hor all the better that she conld respect her too ; for Lacy spoke W 
mind if she spoke it gently, and neither fur love nor gratitude conccalad 
her scDlimenta. 

Then Maude's liking throve the more tJial at first she had to champion 
her Driend in her fiuuily. To 8b Baitil, in a matter of this sort, his 
(Inngbter's will waa law, and ho would have hrealhcd but bint rcmon- 
strmnces against any eompanion sho wsb likely to introduce to his houBO- 
hold. Bnt principle conspired with instinct to prevent his ignoring tho 
gnlf that divided a capitoliiil of position from a i>aaper with nooA at all, 
even if the pauper was pretty and in petlicoatA. After her engaging 
manners had begun to demoroli?^ him, the earlier ciltirla of his good 
oatare to bridge the gnlf were still somewhat too apparent ; aod it waa 
his dan^tcr's constant cans to nmko them show loss oonspieooaaly to 
Loey and come mors easily to him. At last, her thongl^folnnss and 
watchfal tact hod their reword. Sir Basil waa reUeved to find himself 
treating Lucy as »omclhing of his danghter's, and conseijuonUy of his 
owa* and baring once or twice committed himself obliviously, ouno 
gradoally with a quiet couadenoo to be easy and ovsd affectioitate with 
her. IndependeoUy of tbo onobtmsive gratitode that repaid him, he 
found his rccompouce, perhapi>, in tlio moru dumonstruUve warmth uf hia 
danghter's affeetiun ; and Laoy'a puititioo at " Tbtt Cedom " was the belter 
aarnrtd, that iU master felt she had been a godsvnd to them, and ber 
pTMeoee bad bngbtantd np his hooaebold. 





Porldss had look«d unloviDgW on Uiia caprice of his iistet, and 
rrgaided its domestieittion with &n e\ii eje. At first ho osfUkled belwe«a 
goppKilioiu ciTililj and a parado of iudiffdreuce wlitcli would bare appeared 
nbsolato mdcDess to ono less hmnble than Lucv. But wUUo she soemcd 
to Bccopt it in her patience na a mntt«r of course, it ofUn madu her friend 
Maudu Cash op, and bite her lips, and show hor Icelb, in a way that 
PurkiBs markod and tronililed at. If there was one thing ho ehnmk bom 
more than anolbur, it uras o paasago of words with hiu aistar. Experience 
told him that a rail; of (h» sort nlvrays left her with tbs best of it ; thnt 
■bo gencrallj rolled bis digiiitj in the dust, and left him with some 
unanswered tAont to rankle in bis bosom. As ebo &i^ht«ned bim into* 
an oatikurd coorteousness of behavionr, he had to fall back ou reveni 
hinti^nlt' (]ittctlv, UH lient he could. His in^i'iiuity uot being altogether oif j 
a par with his malice, his roDgenuco gencmli; took the abapo of aasuining^ 
u a matter of course, that Lncj's visit was drawing to a clow. An Kfaudsi 
bad DO mtcotion of riiiktng any secret arrangement she might eoDfamplata 
by premidurelv slarOing either Lucy or her father, she found henietf on 
ftitese occasions toogoe-tiod and proportionately sATage. 

' Do yon Imow, I begin rather to like that littlo protftfi* of jttan ? " 
Pnrktss would observe to his stater with condcacending good-hnmonr. 
" Beally w« ahali miss her. She's very noasBomuig and well-behaved, 
^ftnd nil things conriderod, by no means so very awkward or nnidea'd." 

" I am euro she ongbt to be highly flattered by the good opinion of a 
man like yon," Mnnde would rejoin with a Rmilo of ominous flwectneas, 
kirat striving bard, for tbo sake of Lucy's comfort, to avoid aggravating her 
brother's hostility. 

" Yes, indeed," Pnrkisa would go on, blind to Ibo danger-signali 

Bytng, or recklese. " I do witih we nmld find a good place for her some- 

|%ber^— a companionship like whnlahe bod before, I fancy, would suit her 

She hasn't education enough for a govdraess ? " 

' I think I told yon I find her a great pleasure, and hope to prevail on 

''her to put ofl^ thinkiog of plans in tbe meantime," Maude would rejoin, 

her brow blackening a good deal as the tbmider-clouds began lo roll op 

CO ifc. 

Yes, that's all very well, and very kindly meant," Purkiss wonld go 
LODt rather nervoiiH, altbouyb qoite unable to deny himself the ntro pleasuro 
of making Iklaudc thoroughly aiigr}- ; '* bat it really isn't qmt« fiur to the girl. 
Yon should recollect that although wc may be doing it all with the bc«t 
itenlious, our charity is accustoming her to a life utterly different to 
^anyUiinj; tbe can look forward lo. Your own excellent sense mast t«ll 
you it would have been better for hor, had you left her in charge of | 
Mrs. Pftrkyns, or if yon wore to bring her here, if you had sent her down 
at once to the hounckcepcr'a room." 

*'I am sore, Pnrkies, whatever may be in store for hor, if ah« dool 
not aeoaatom herself to inenlt and vulgarity, yon need nerer blama yoor-' 
BelT. If »bc is poor, really (or onco yon ongbt to be lenient to poverty, 



She goi 'very liltle more Ibui yon from Miss Cbildenki^, olthoagb it*s 
trae she did not take nearljr bo much trouble to get iU" 

*'Onco for aU, Maode " 

" Ohr I can mako evor; illowuieo for jonr vezatioD. It mnst be 
jetj tryu^ for a bos; num to have vut^d bo much of the time he might 
hsTe omplojod to' no much bettor pur]ioeo. It's burd iiuliioil to have been 
groT«Uuig m the dust so long only to pick joDreetf up with empty bands 
and find crcry one langbmg et you- But think vhat a comfort it is, after 
all, that you wero bom to a good buslDesa with other people to manage it* 
What in tbo world would have become of you, Purkisfii had jou had to 
malio one for yoorBoIf, like Hugh 9" 

Notbing stung PnrkisB more iDfatlibly than any idlusion to Hugh's 
gae«6H, except, perhaps, a dcpreciatiou of tb« bosineas talents be prided 
himself on. Either ono or the other was sufficient to put him to solky 
fli|^ with ample food for sullen moditatioQ. Then Maude would blamo 
berfiolf for making miecbief, and form virtuous resolutions against Uic use 
of poisoned weapons in the falurei rcsoloiioos euro to bo broken on the 
nest temptation. And Piirkias caliivat«d h^-pocrisy among his other 
aecompliehments, and taught himself to Bpi}ear to tolerate Lucy's floeiety 
and even eigoy it, rehoving the bitlemesa of his suppressed feelings fai 
oooaeioDal outbreoks of spleen. Id reality he honoured this innocent cause 
of his mortiJieatiou with a special batrt-d, while bo chcriabod all the lizoe 
his standing avention to Hagb, and oontrived after all Uj have a good deal 
of dislike to spare for his sister. 

Oeorge Childenleigb contrasted his brother in most things, and in 
nothing more than his lH.'hariour to Iho now inmate of the household, 
Haade hod thanked him often for the suggeRtion that sent her to Harlcy 
Street, and tacitly made over to him iu gmtitudo a aharo of the owucrahip 
in Lucy. Not that it necdiMl more than ber forlorn condition to dispose 
George in Lucy's CsToar. His unaffected manner set her at ease with him 
&om the first, and altboogb ahe was pprtorbed at the anncranoemoDt of the 
eulicst of his Tuuts, afterwards her only simsationfl were those of pleasure 
at the prospect of the good-humoured addition to their qniet party. 

Bir Basil delighted in having his faTourito son with him, and Oeorge 
was in the babit of aaorificing a good deal to gratify him, always gnnnbling 
at the expenditure of his ralnable time, inTolvad in those frequent jounicya 
to the wilds of Hampstead. Porkiss, who cnold no more read his brother 
thaatho BeptuRgint in tbo original, and who fell into the abetud bat not 
unnatoral error of studying him 1:^ relerenoo to himseil^ atlriboted tho 
atteotiout he beitoved on his family to motiTes not disaJmilar to those that 
had sent himself to Harley Street, in the late Uiss ChUdeniloigb'a time. 
In which be did his brotlior groea iiyostieo, and proved blutself nearly ae 
■abtle a stodeot of human uataro as he was au agreeable member of 
WKMtj. Oooi;ge was pleased to please his father, and treading firmly on 
tha path of duty, murely exercised the iualieuable pr*. i >f a Biilon 

in grumbling at its thorns. Insensibly be bpgan to l<. uo changed 







sMa of things il " The Ofidan " mado thia doty more of & plounn, and 

lio was gnUefal acMrdingly. 

"I'U tell Ton what it in, Mau<Ie," ha rt^markoil one evening to hii 

siatur, au abti followed bim into the hall to tbaiik him with a curtsey and > 

loss for b&ying booonrcd them by keeping his cab Rtanding at the door for 

a couple of honn — " I'll tell yoa what it is. Now that jon two girte 

bttTd got together, yoa do brighten each other up amazingly. Tho eTenings 

dj twice as qniok oa they need to." 

"Merci, momeur, for the compliment — to Lacy," she rejoined, taking 

DO oJlence appareatly at its oquirocnl character, but looking steadily in 

hia &ce. 

" Not at all, Maado, not at all ; " and in bis frank tones ho answered 

her looks, not her words. " I assure you I'm mtire in love with you 
than with your Criondj and if she has gained tho most in tho brig^teniug 

process, it is only because she bad the more to gain. Think what a 
little buly of the aorrowfol coontenance she waa when she came, pricking 

her ears nerroasly when any one spoke to her, and glonoing np with her 
soil eyes through her long brown hair, like a beaten setter. Now, ttho 

really acems in tho way to make my father a boy ; and as for yoa " 

** Well, as tome, what?" 

"As for you, I was going to say, she has made yon a girl again — 
Bometimee a child. I may loll you now, I bogau to fear you hud grown a 
woman for good and all ; and yoa know I deUght in children. But good- 
night, dear. If yon keep me here to all hours in this way, yon must get 
UIbs "Winter to persuade the gOTemor to inereaae my ailowanee, or I 
shall ruin myself out and out iu cab-faros." 

It said a good deal for Maude that ubo betrayed no twinge of jealousy 
at hearing her fiiend praised so warmly by her favourite brother, and 
somewhat at her own expense. For a moment she had been startled by 
the idea that unawares ho might hare stolen into love with Lacy. Maude 
bad been mach too carefully trained trvm the cradle to bo anything but 
shocked at a Cbilderileigh, of IiOiubard Street, marrying the sweetest ^1 
in the world without a snitablo foriune ; but George's unembarrassed and 
TOlnntoiy disavowal of the weakness her look had charged him with quite 
reassured her. 

" He is frank, at any rate," she said. "He never does tell fibs, and, 
moreover, if be were to try, he couldn't help betraying himself to sare hia 

'When she went back tu tho drawing-room, looking at Lucy onriooaly 
as the bod ncrcr done before, she consciontiouBly oengnUaloted heoelf 
that George had passed at once to brotherly relations, escaping heart- 
whole £rom a danger she had never feared for him, but which tdie oon- 
feued DOW mif^t have bedn aerioofl. 

Lacy, her face slightly fiaahod from the heal of the rooms, bor eyes 
still sparkling from the animated chat of a pleasant erening, was handing 
Bir Basil tho candle she had lighted him, and ofienfig hor ehdok to hii 
paternal salute. 



" Her foatores aro cartnioly not so good as mino/' soUIoqnizcd Maodo, 
eandidl}' ftpprnisiDg iheir respoctiTe aclvaQUges ; " and I don*l think her 
fignro IB ; bat whnt cntpresaioD the child hte, and bow hor Dionth nottena 
nnd bor ejes sparkle u sho spcUis. 1 bcgiu to think Qoorgo mast either 
ho mnch less susceptible or mach more scosiblo than I bcliored. I don't 
Ituow, I'm sore, whi-tbcr it's the one or the other, but in either cmo it's 
very liicky." 

Tho truth was, althongh it vas she who hnd vanned LncT ont of hw 
cbryfiaJia busk, it vns only now and of a mdden the offcct of tho trans- 
formation burst upon her. Yet withoat arn'erf fftntee she fultuwod up 
&ir Biisil's kiss with one of her omi, which I.iirj, not nniurciiHlomcd to 
those motirelosB caresses on tho part of tho undomoiulnthre Blaudo. pro- 
ceeded forthwith to ropny with ample ngiiTy. 

As fur Hugh, ho had stopped back into Bomelhiug Wka his old easy 
footio}; with them nil. At Ica^t, he ncnt and camo ns he pleased. Kot 
BO freqnently, perhaps, as in tho old timos ; hut then theiio had changed 
in more ways than one. Now bo was a baey man, with a moltjplicity of 
cngogomsutB on his hands, and endless calls on his time. When ha mads 
hia appoaranod, Sir Basil always seemed glad to boo him, althongh he 
welcomed liim perhaps wilh more respect and loss cordiality than he 
mod to do. For Hugh nils growing rich bst. He appeared in n tcij 
fikir way to claim Miss Childersloi^'s succession. But happen idiat might 
in regard to that, meantime he might enjoy mo«t things that money could 
give him, — not the least of them the respect of tho City and the world. 
Tho repntatinn of his connectiuus at the wrat, with the qutol anaasuming 
conrtcsy of manner that no buccoss had Rpoiled, made him generally 
popular, and oven the most consorrRtivo of the bcrcditaiy magnates of 
Lombard Street wore inclined io except him from the contempt and dislike 
they lavished on their rivals of the rising school. Hu' Basil bad ooino to 
bear bis kbsmau's praises snng in his vcr}' mm-ttim at '* Cbilderslci^'a," 
and from lips to which even be 1i.<H«ncd with respeet. 

The great Lord Ricbborongh himself, head of the mighty boose of 
Gold, Gammon and Co., bad condescfindcd to make an eicopljon in 
Ktr. Cbildcrslolgh's favour in the general tirade ho lerelled at tho rogtiM 
and fools who pretended to be answerable for an amount of capital as UtUe 
at their cidt as the sans that might be circulating among the planets. 

" Iwill sny. Childerslcigh, yonr nephew — oh, he's not yonr nephew y — 
well, that yoong relative of yoors, must have a fair notion of basinBss. 
Far loo vouturesonw, of coarse, ho is ; but then, with all these new men, 
It comes to a qnestiou of bit or miss. I for one should not be surpmod 
if ho were to sUh^t tlutt couecm of his — what is ii tbey call it ? — through 
tha storm these fellows are browing (or as." 

No nuitdcr, then. Sir Biuil bcgaii to fool his hereditary rovoroneo (or 
the head of all tho Childcndrii^ return again ; alth<"v'>' ■'- rpt, a pcr- 
putnal difficulty in iiloDtifring that half-mythieal u < with this 

TWblv Unp' oflfoosiTS Or^it roocier or Tuikoy, mads 

rdeBuant .. . mg. 





The awkwardness crcot«d bGtvreco Mando nnd Chtldonlfligti by the 
|MGsiDg Imnit of mndoesa id the garden, Eoemcd gradnallj to hare voni 
iUelf awav. The Itocuest cyo would haro tmcrd nulhiug bdtweon timtn 
that meant nDjihingmoro or less Iban simple friendship. Naturally ho was 
made a subject of frequent coDTcrsnliou between \he girls, and Maude spoke 
of him xrith a candid canleMOeas that most bare disanned BaapieioD. To 
bo sure, with a sclf-pofwesfred temperament IDto hers, snch indicationa 
nro not c(ijic1a»Ire ; and ebe was not unlikely, in sheer dcfiauco of a 
conscions tvcakness, to court a subject other girls would hnvo shunnctl. 
Imcy, on her side, nercr could forget that Hugh bad been the fint of 
them all to offer hia &ioDd8bip ; and the iraprcssioii hh, when sorrow had 
made hot univDnmlly eusceptihlo to kindncsB, had been dcojicned by Iho 
.dtlirflcy of bis stibsequent conduct. Tho passing distraRt, inR[iired by 
Hr. Hooker's warnings, bad gone like the breath from a mirror. Still, 
Btrivo as ahe would, perhaps because aho etrore, she never felt herfielT at 
home Tcitb him a8 with good-humoured Captain Cbildcnieigb. Glorifying 
the strength that hud won Hngh his oaey. trimnphs, and the foroe that had 
changed the current of bid life, she waa awed and oppressed in his society 
by a eense of latent power. Eren Mnnde, in her way, begun to feel increased 
n^Rpcct for the man who bad developed unsuspected ^fls, and he dazzled 
her as the brilliimt architect of his golden fortones. So the two girls, tbe 
one bom to wealth, the other reared to porcrty from the cradle, regarded 
him and his successes with not dissimilar feelings from their Tciy oppoaite 
points of view. Many ami warm were tlic nrgumonls they had on a sabjeot 
tl:at seemed to have an interest for tliem both ; and thus, somehow, Hugh 
and his fortnne« were coutluually in their thoughts and ou their toBgues. 

One day at dinner Purkims, emptying his builget of City news, had to 
chronicle a fresh and oxtraonllnary rise in tho shares of the Credit Foncier 
nod Mobilier of Turkey. His Higbnces the Sultan, who was then building 
a now summer palure on the Bosphoms, a Idosk by the Sweet Wntera of 
Asia, an Italiim villa ou the Princes' Inlands, a pair of ironclads, a flotilla 
of gunboats, and n steam-yacht panelled in satin-wood and itott, had 
bfien forced to moke a fresh appciranco on the European exchanges in 
search uf money. Mr. Cbildcrskigb'a tact, it was ramonrcd, had suceoedod 
in out-man<Favnng competing capitalists, and securiug tho arrangement 
of the loiD for bi« Company on exceptionally fiiTonrable terms. Porkiss 
tohl his tale with Tery mingled feelings. He bad steadily increased his 
holdings in tho Com)>any, and the rise meant a handsome gain to him ; but 
IhinkiDg of Hugh's mnrh greater one, and of his growing fame to boot, 
ho almost felt as if ho wonld hare consented to sacrifice it. Hit Basil, on 
tbe contrary, roused to honest admiration, gave the Goremar great credit 
for succeeding in what he knew must have been a very delicate operation. 

The young ladieK, from habitual]}' listeuing to City talk, and being 
frequtnitly pressed into reading City articles to Bir Basil, were tolerably 
at home in City matters. Knturally, then, when they found themaelves 
alone, thoy took to discuasing this exciting piece of Dews. 



" How very litlla'onQ ksovs of Uio people jon think yoa know beet," 
began Maode, refleclivelT. "Two joarB ago, wbo oould Iiaro saspoetod 
Mr. CHIdfiraleigh of dTer beooming what bu is ? " 

*' I shoold hMve tbongbl one conld uerer have taken Atr, ChUdenlei^ 
for uijtbiDg bat a yetj able man." 

"Ablo, yes; I ain-ays knew bo coald talk, and think too, when hd 
choso to tako tUo trouble. Every aeusiblo man you meet can do the one 
and BeoioB to dc the other. ^Vhnt I meau to say is, wbo would baro 
given him credit for powers that nxirk bo well after raatiiig for a lifetime, 
itnd for tbo rcsolatton to set thorn working just when it suited his purpoeo ? 
Porkisfi, for iuBtaooe, baa, I beliero, the name of a good man of boBineaa. 
and he has always been practising that aort of thing; bat only Ckncjr 
Furkise set to do what Mr. Childeraleigh is doiug I " 

" Mr. Cbildersleigb, I am etue, has wonderful talents, tod he bos boca 
wonderfnUy aaeeeaeful," said Lncy, abakiog her pretty bead sagely. 
" Bat for persoTerance, I snspeet when yon once twgin doing bo well, 
the getting money bceonies its own reward, and it is only loo easy to go 
on with it." 

" Wlxy, Lucy, sorely you would novor call him a miser I " eiclalmod 
Uaude, looking at ber in surpriao. 

" No, indeed, Maude, very lar from that. Ue is gooeroeity itself, aa 
1 hare good reason to know. Bat it does seem a pity that a man liko 
him should sncnfieo bis talents, and the very prime of his life, to work 

*' What a strange giri yon are, Lnry. I'm suro you'd lind few people 
to agree with yoa as to his not making the very most of his time. Why, 
look ai it sentimentally as yon ptcsi^e, enrely it woold he positive crim£ to 
throw away golden chances like his, to say nothing of resgoing himsalf 
to lose the prize he is making snob a fight for. To stop short now thai 
he has felt bis power, would bo realty rctoming bia talents to their napkin ; 
and then, after all, what can a poor man do for his fiiUow-ordatorM bat 
shnig bis shoulders and pity them in miserable belploBSoess. In ftnolbw 
year or two Iklr. Cbildersleigb will haro made himself a foiiuno, and 
think of all the asos bo may put it to. Confess now for once you spuko 

" I don't know^ Maude ; perhaps I did. Tot it doiw seem to me a 
miB liko that can't help devoting himself to work he does so well, till bA 
comes to love it fur its own sake, and then I think it almost n pity tfaa 
work should not bo mon* worthy of the man. Surely a heap of money, a 
little more or loss, is a i>altiy ol^cct for Mr. Chllderslotgh to show aa the 
firoils of his life's laboor ? " 

" Why, what must yoa think, then, of my father, uy brother, aQ of 
OS 7 " dcnumdod Maodo, with sorau Utllo irritation of manner. 

" Obf Maude, I'm sure you know 1 never meant thai," said Lucy, 
btasbing frighUtUly, and prooipitating bcrsolf penistcudy on bur fncnd, bul 
with a guilty «otiMioiunOifl all the tiioe that she hod U vu tycakiog Itom 





the depths of hor bouri, and that tbo unflnttcnng moamng QDindd had, 
attached to tfaom, vm the outj constractiait ber words could boar. 

" Perhaps Dot," rotonud Uaado, looking &t her qooerlj. "At anj 
rate I'lo ceruin joa did not mean auyUiing but wliut vtaa lund." 

Then* as if she wisbcd to loogh away the thooghts Lnoy hod ffoggested, 

vent on, *' If you mean to grab tip tho root of all evii, joa have a 
rich field to go to work in here, and before altackiog Mr. Childersldigh, I 
should Euggefll j'onr triiDg your hand on PorloBS." 

"Don't laugb.Maade; I did fool what I fiaid, although not as yon chosa 
F'to taluit. I aui not bo very saotimeotal. I only wiaU I were a mnn myself." 

" To preaeh down richos or to get them ? la it interest io yonz 
r-CTcatures or envy of them that makes jcni wish it, dear ? I do 

Bve Mr. Childersleigh's good luck exeites and depi'eitKos you, luid 
' ym bad tho temptation before jou to-morroWf you would go treading la 

Twy steps." 

<* Perhaps I should try it, and I am sure I should iail, aod bo rlgfatly 
Lterred. liut it is not Mr. Childersleigh's nohos, but hia actirity that I 
envy. Ho proniisod to holp me once : if he could only fiud me work 
to do, and then leave me to do it." 

" What a very maacnltoe character you mast bave. But, my dear Lucy, 

tnuuformatioD you sigh after being impoHsiblA, why dou't you do tho 
beet thing, and address yourself to the fcmoJe apoatles of woman's 
I ? You wrilo a neat hand, and spell nicely, and are in oveiy way 
speetable, and not onattractiTe. 1 daresay, with very little interest, yoa 
^Aoald find a good place in — a telegraph offico for fixample." 

" I know, Maode, you always will laugh when I talk of doing anytbin^ 
rlDr myself," responded Lncy, demurely ; " but ^a know very well I oou't 
[consent to rcmoiu burdening you all my lifo." 

" I don't think there's mneh likelihood of that, and for my own sako 
TmTeiy sorry for it. In the meantime, as yon long for occupation, supposA 
yoa come and practiBe that duet I brought out this altornoon." 

VThatttvor the future might bave in store for her, Lae^-'s lines could 
hardly in the roeAntimo bare fallen in pleamnter places. PurUiss wa4 
there, it is tnio; but ail mortal joys hare their alloys, and do earthlyj 
Eden is without its centipedes, and earwigs, and other crawling things. 


Ulyssks Stops uia Ears to the Sibrnh. 

[Tbxuc hud been a groat dinner at Heatercomhe Hooae, and Lodyt] 
f Ecstercombo was receiving in tho eTcoiing. Jt was to be the last before ' 
I the himily left town for the Bcaun^-on that account, perhaps, a triflaJ 
I less seleot than the gatherings in that exelaEivo manaion generally were**^ 
|Lard Heslorooiahe ma fopetiUoiu^ .pttrUoalar as to neTe^- ipving needl e M] 



offence to acqiiaJntaneefi, and lier ladvabip, Uka Ihe czeellent irUb tLe was. 
did all tliat lay in bor poirer to farther hor lord's wishes. Sho made a 
last cnrofol review of her visiling-boolt before she olowtd it for the year, 
BDd miuiy searching^ of her memorj beforo sho left (bat to its rnunmer 
r<poee. All whom they onght to be ciril to, lod had not, were bidden to 
IfaiB Utofit " At homo ;" lUthoufjh, aAer all, its society vraa uiythiog bat 
mixed. Lord Heeterconibc was too fienipuluoB as to droppiofj ooquainlaDee- 
Bhipit not to be cautions abont rnmniiK them. 

Hcfttercombe House stood in the centre of the Heatercombe City pro> 
perty — a vast mansion occnpying the whole side of an ox-faahioiiablo 
Kqtiaro to the north of Oxford Street. Glooming behind its lofly iralln of 
brick, it looked like a Sicilian convent, toned down to London tints by a 
centnry and a half of London smoke- Now the huge iron portals were 
flong bade, and a blaxe of gaa-lamps east its light on the grim fa^ade^ 
looking like an ugly woman in diomouds. the more forbidding toe ita 
adveutiUoug sptciidonr. Aa ii eo ofUm tJie case, yon would hare been 
mnch milled bad you judged of what was within by the outward seeming ; 
atul after dark, when yon shut ont the view of tho grim incIoanrM 
tbat caricatured (jardcna and shrubbory. the hoD§e waa as cheerful as 
anything so spacioas could bo. In the times when it was boilt, thero had 
been leas reason Car studying rigid eeouomy of space, and to the Ixird 
Busbbrook who reared it money, had been of alight coDsequencc. As 
with the interior of Bt. Petcr'n, yon only became awiirc uf the dimenrioofl 
of tho hall when yon came to uioasare yoarself against its columns. Yon 
might bftve driren waggons up the easy slope of the Btaireasas. and totmd 
them oomfiortably on the landings ; and the vast approacbe* would have 
dwarfed to paltriness any meaner soito of apartments than those the/ 
kd to. 

No Ruahbrook hod ever been a miser ; none had ever been more of a 
prodigal than the present heir-apparent of the honso. Some had been 
vlrtiiofi of nnimpeoohable taste; and othera had followed, acrordiag to 
their lights, what had become a traditjonal fashion of the tnmily. The 
result was an oaostentotioualy laviah display of art-treasures, that dis- 
tracted tbe gaze and diverted the attention of appreciative gucits, and 
a gaberal air of nnaflected magnificence that unprassed yon without 
oppreoaing. At tho hoapitalitiea of Hentereombc Boose there was seldom 
mocb overcrowding ; and if fair guests did leave breadths of drMWos 
behind as memoriak of their visits, the fault was generally their own. 
Even when tbe rooms were ftdl, as they wore to-night, the company waa 
not constrained lo seetlie and stagnate, but could exhilarate itself wilh the 
flash aad sparkle of change and inoremeul. Congenial aptrite, alllioa^ 
hampcrrd wilh solid forms, conUl draw together as they plnacd, rtnild 
flirt in comfort wLlhont bvmg conspicuous; and in search of beauty, lovr, 
or advmture, you could thread the groops at will, without tlu arruti 
fmnMta of their eloring to cut off your retreat, like so much wann drift-iM. 

At Ibis gathering, as it ehanoedr we meet a good naoy of oar fricoda. 






l^e had dona its healing work with. Ilagh and Lord Hostercombe, and 
ihtj eiood ODCO more ou the old familiar terms. As Hugh had furGMea, 
tile peer's fint di»gu8t in Hading that his nephew had become a trader, bad 
vorm^ into rcsentint^Dt on learning his nephew had persuaded his onlj 
son U> follow Iho cxfimple. Que d'utbU was the bnsisess of tha heir of the 
Ktwbbrookfl on board a galley like that ? But he iraa uot a man to bear 
malice, and had at bottoiu a elrongscusoof jngticc. As it became door to 
him that the step Hngh had taken, so far from being ilUadrisod, was reoUy 
the best considered he had crer made in bis life, he began to forgive him. 
Mooworer, ho ficlt it qnito oat of the qnostion letting any Infiting clond settle 
down between bim and his eon, and Rushbrook onee restored to Favour, 
rceonci list ion with Hogh fullowcd as a matter of coarse. He compromised 
with his feelingly bj occasional fiings at the business — flings which the 
yonnger men received with passire acquicsecDce, or turned off with a 
langb. On tbo whole, after be bad accttsiomed himself to the first unplea- 
stuitness, be was not sorry Hiishhrmtk abuald pick up some ideas hf bnsi 
neSH, vihilf be was anything but blind to tbo respect wtUi which the 
successful Governor begnn to bo treated as an antbority in financial 
qaesljons by really influential men. Insoniiibly be came to take a pride in 
hie e(>n|>4>pTnce nepbew, and to fvel that good might grow out of evil, and 
ho might live to do Ibcm credit yet. 

" Ho has talent, that is cc-rtain. Krerj one calls him a cicnr-tcndcd, 
ready speaker ; he seems to twist tbo world round bis fingers Tory much 
as he pieaMa ; do man works harder, and yet bo finds time somehow to 
s|)ara for society. Why should he not turn to ]>olitiefl and make his mark 
in the country as he has in the City ? With my interest and the name 
be is making for himself to start bim, I really don't see why he should 
not begin at once, nor where be need stop — 'Gad, bo shall do it, ha 

Tbus bill Inrdfilup rcufiOned ; but then he counted, in bis enthusiasm, 
without his nephew's stubborn will and singtoneas of present purpose. 
Their many nignmente ended much in tbo same way. Lord Hoitercombe 
wonld be i^enced only to return to the charge upon fresh proTOoalion ; but 
tile interrals between his onslao^ts grew koger as be became loss hopofiil 
of snooofie. This especial ercninf;, unexpected circumstances tiiluog him 
by smpriso, braced bim to a freab attempt on Hugh's ambition, and norer 
did be come so near to having bis way. When the gentlemen were 
learing the dining-room, one of them whispered something in the ear of 
bis boHt that made bim linger behind for a tcfg-a-tete. The Duke of 
DuDstanbnrgh wiu a personsf^o : a peer who, by virtue of hb colosnaj fortune 
and &mily poliucol trnditioos, had succeeded as of ri^t to the great infla> 
anee be exorcised ou the party then forming her IJjijiwty's opposition, and 
who, bad his energy been on a par with his talent, might have mode 
himself aatooratio in it. The Dnke was a largo landholder in Sooth 
Worzelshiro, a district in which the Earl's properties and ooal-minea gave 
hbn fto largo a stoke and so legitimate an interest. 

" Vfhj, what the deae« ? — imposfiiblo I — Crofton going to accept Iho 
Ctultdm HuudFoda, and writiug oa the sabject to your graoe of all man in 
the world I MliT, bo's scnrcclj hod timo to get n-Anu in his aeitt, 8iiic« ba 
fought it 60 hanl and boaght it bo dear. You mast foi;giro mo, DDDstaa- 
bnrgh, but retlly I h&rdty know how to bdi«ve this." 

" That I can understand ; but you may rely upon U it's tme aU 
ibo soma. Thereby hanga a tale, and an explanation. Croflon, yon 
know. IB the moitt occcntric of men, and, in bis own opinion, coo of 
the clevenet. Eo is clercr, bat, as I need not tell yon, ho ovcrmtee 
hiaualf, and, above all, ororraluos hia special gift for Icgiftlating. This 
aesflioQ ho has brought in a dozen or two of bills, and his nnmahaa nemr 
been out of Uie orders for the day. Most of his potii were smothered in 
their infancy, not ooo of theu eamo to anything, and he accuses Ministers, 
to whom ho gavo n very indcpoDdoat sapport indeed, of bAving thrown 
him over. Of conrse ho would not nit, bat be was thoroughly diagusted 
vrHh Ibo Hoose. He has honestly peisuAdod himself .that the present 
Goromment arc the banc of all entigbteucd lawgiring, and, of eoone, 
nowortby of all aupport. So be compromises with his conseienM bj 
letting mo into the secret before his party. Ht;*A a connection of minei 
yon kaov. That's my theoiy, at least. He's jnst the man lo argno 
himself into anything." 

" I see ha esys ho starts forthwith on a yachting voyage to tho Malay 
Axobipebgo, leaving strict instructions that no aort of coeroion is to b« 
oxeniaed on his tenantty." 

" Yes. We know what that means. Well, with yon and I pulling 
tt^ther, and first in the field, and the Croflon intorust nential at least, 
the seat ia oar own, Tboy buvo no one in that i^ido of tho county to 
contest it, and by the time they fetch a man ^m aomewhero else, they'll 
find they mi^t jagt as well have spared thcnuelTss the troablc." 

" That's tnw," reeponded Lord Heatenombe, meditatively, thinking 
what a rare opening this would have been for Ilugh liad ho only boon 
Avaksned to hia tme inloresta. But with the bust will bi the world, 
be coold not persuade himself that Hugh would not rofttso ovon this, 
and h« felt that to name him nsolontly would bo tantAmoonl to Imr- 
ing the ■abM^aent disposal of tho saal to his noble IJriend. Lord 
Hsstsrcombe, all law and stntate to the eontrsry, was jealous of hii 
eleotum inflneneo. 

" Now," proceeded the Doko, " so euro am I that we shall have no 
difBnilty in agreeing on our man, that, to t«D the imtb, Fto already 
oaiuM htm in eoofidcucc to Blotchington, whom I chanced to mn ap 
against this afternoon, and Blotchington plodgod himself moat c^irdiaily 

auiwefod tor his bratber-iD-law 

to gire 
as well.' 





tx)rd Hestoreombo raised his oyobrows nttedy pnzxM. U his gn«* 



liad atiai vithoot refcrcncd io him an^ so eooll;, ho vu tbo last man to 
Hraw it. 

The Duke rcmarkeJ !t all, smiled, and went on. 

«* Th6 truth is. Heelercombe, before I bad veil read Crofloo'e letter, 
I jnmpod to tb« eooclnslon vo could find no better member than your 
nepbov. Mr. CbUclersleigb ougbt to be with ns — we want men of portion 
from the City. Qentletnen, I mean, wbo can speak and thiuk too. Not 
tbfl eaa^-goiog jacltaaBea who, dropping thmr pnmiion of gold in the 
borongbs, come and prick theu* long ears in Bt. Stephen's, or, frorso 
still, tnke to brayiug there. Sir. Childeraleigh would do us service and 
crodii both, or I'm much mistaken. Caldcott bolda a Dumber of abnrcs 
in that Company of bis, cuid swears by him as a future ChnncoUor of the 
Exchoqacr. So the seat is bin ; but the eortier he comes into tbo field 
after it the less trouble we shall bare. If I could see him, or baTo bis 
answer at ouce, ll would be all the better. Nothing UKo doing tbiags 
regularly, but wo most not lot tbo grass grow under our feet." 

Seldom bad Ixird Hesteroombe been plunged m a more profound 
quandary. Wheu bis gracd had done speaking be was so deep in tbooght 
that be forgot to thauk him. Tbo Duke bad bcon bom and bred to the 
faith Uiat wealth waa u mutUjr of oouiso, a means but ucrer an end. 
Holding political life to be the natural sphcro for a man of talents' 
BOpcrSuous energy, he bad assumed Cbildereleigb's assent, and would bo 
very slow to understand his hesitation. Lord nestereombe was grieved 
to think bis nephew might ll^uro himself in the opinion of a politician ao 
inldDeotial, and woald have yicldod to the bofo temptation of accepting 
warmly in his name, bad be not felt that to do it would be to ring the 
death-knell of his ^vishefl. Cut the silence was beeotomg emboixaesing, 
and caodoor seemed the only way out of the dilemma. A proposal so 
fiatiering, made by a statesman with whom the gift of jad^g other men was 
anpposad a second nature, might perhaps sway bia nephew where nothing 
else would. So for bis lordship was right. A mcasogo broaght Hugh 
downstairs incontinent, and the Duko, grac«fnUy preluding with some 
remarks that meant far more from bim than another man, cartly explained 
the circumstances, and repeated the proposal that showed his speech had 
been no empty compliment. 

Hugh was flattered and troubled too. Since he began to take pleasore 
in action, the lovo of work had grown with its indulgence, and be felt be 
could never again bo happy as an idle man. Bard as he toiled in his 
money- getting, he acknowledged there was something unsatisfying and 
ignoble in the ambition that limited itself to a race where the prizes were 
to the luckiest. llVithout his ancle's promptings, ho had dreamed drcamB, 
and no vagoo ones either, of a fataro to which the furtane be was striving 
for flhoDld only be a stepfang-gtone. Fortunate as he hod "been, in the 
Tsry ease with which he had won suecess, he despised its froits, and began 
to long for other strogglcs that would really task his latent powers. Bat 
then, aboTo all, ho prided himself on the steadfastnosfl of porpoec 'with 


AdimsT tiu^. 

vhieh ho was foUoniiig luK pro&ont'aun. It liad beoomo maUer of Tauttjr 
with bitn that nothing shotild tarn bim out of hia way untU Stliss 
Cbildorsloigh'B moii«j was Cairlj won or lo«t. 

It haA coat bixa flight oflbrt to pat off Lord Ili^stercombe. bcoaose he 
knew he risked so little bj letting the fruit hang that bis lordgbip dandled 
befbrw bis eyefi. Kow the cane was difleroot, and when bis graco of -Duo- 
stanbiirg^ broached hia nuexpcotod proposal, bo felt be was cangbt in 
tbo turn uf a Uda tbat might float him to fame or swoop him awftj from it. 
Xbo Poke's conntcDBDco counted for much to anj aspirant of his porijr, 
DO matter how highly placed. Tbo very semblance of aQdotralaing it 
might gravely cripple him. It clashed with all hia later training wilfully 
to throw away a splendid cluuieo, aiid iti fipitc of him bis chest heaved aitd 
bis breath oamo short, as the bold idea flashed across his braiu— might not 
bo really bo strong enough for one and tbo otber ? — woU placed as he was. 
might he not perserore in his match witb time, and even help bimitelf 
to via it by ru^iiug m at this new opcuiug '? 

The Duke looked on complacently at bis risible agitation and thought 
none the worse of bia inteudL-d rocruil fur IbcBO signs of sonsiliility. Lord 
Uosteroombe was surprised and hope5il. Wbcii Hugh showed it, be must 
be moved indeed. 

'* I sincerely congralulatd yon, Ur. Childersleigh. Yon will come -my 
easily by a very comfiartabla seal. You have made your mark I ondorstaud 
as a speaker elsewhere, and a man who at onoe takes high rank in the City 
and sila for a great coimty iutorest, speaks in the Houso, as 1 need hardly 
tell you, with very enviable weight. If wu are iu power again next session— 
and I for one do not sec why wo should not be — we shall hsTo the Member 
for South Wurzebbiru moving her M^esty's speech. £b, Hestercombe ? " 

Lord Hcetcrcombe, while listening to his friend, had kept bis eye on 
his oepbow, aud bis face had gradually clouded as he sawscttliug down on 
Hugh's features the look of melancholy detenninatioa be bad eome to 
know so well. Tbo sudden shock of the olfer might have shaken his 
resolutions for the moment, but, as he saw, tliey w«re already scrowing 
tbemFi(<lves back Cost in the old quarter. When Hugh did sssw«r, he was 
^uite biniself again to all outward sooming. 

" I need scarcely say how very grateful I fcol to your graco." 

llifl grace made a deprecatory motion of his hand. 

"I abould be io everyway nnworthy of yonr dattering kiitdoess, war* 
I to meet it with anjthiug but the most outspokcu fraukuess. And tbo 
vimplo truth is, I am ao Qattorod by your thinking of mo in the eircum- 
itances, by your making me the offer at all, to sny nothing of tbo terms in 
which you have beou good enough to make it, that I biivo absolutely no 
cboiM but to refuse.*' 

" Mr. Childersleigh I " i^nlatod his graea, himding his brow aligbtly 

duobti:-. '' ' ■ ' M. 




<d mo or suspect mo of Irilliog with words. 

Or ladalgiog a levity tiiat would bo moat imbMomiog in any ease, espodally 



ao now. I ay nothiDg bnl Ibo plaia trnth ; and doing so, wen U t matter 
of any cODseqocDco to your grace, I onlj ahem tbe T«rj high ralao I act 
on the opinion vou buvo bocn pleased to form of me." 

•• Well, BIT ? '* throw in the Dokc, reltaing a littla and raUicr cnriomi. 

**ii.y naele may testify bow often we baTo diKauBsed this questaoo of 
my enterisgoD pnbltc lifo. Had I boon his son he could not have pressed 
his utistance more warmly apon me. If I liavo alwuys tamed a deaf cor 
to his ofibn, he knows it was not because my heart did not go along with 
them* He can toll yon I have always begged him to consider it au affiur 
deferred, not declined."^ 

Coming to his nophcw's aaaistonco, Lord Hestcrcombe nodded sbghtly 
in tbc affirmntive. 

" I do not know," Hugh continued, *' whether I may prove to h&vo 
any vocation far public ij£o ; bat asKuredty I feel bo tttrong an inclination 
for it, that I am loatb to peril by prccipitAtion what chaDC4!ii I may bure." 

"Pardon me, Mr. CTjildersleigh," iuU^rimsed iho Duko, with just tho 
faintest intonation of a sneer, " bat it seems to me any such heattation is 
onoalled for. Yon cannot fairly tax yoarsolf with precipitation." 

"l^ot so fur as my yma^ go, certainly," retorued Uugb, flashing a 
littlo ; " bnt you misunderstand me. The simplo fuct is, I have set myself^ 
OS my nncle knows, a certain task to bo performed in the next two years ; 
hard onongb it is in any case, eren abandoning to it all my lime nod all my 
thoQght. If orer I enter Parliament it must bo with enough i>f the one 
and the other at my command to do credit to those who int«n>st themselves 
in me ; and if I have somewhat oxalted ideas nbuut the paramonnt claims 
of pohticB on the man who embmcca thorn, I am sore 1 need not fear the 
ceusaro of the Dake of Duustanbnrgb." 

•■ Certainly not, Mr. Childorsloigh ; bnt I need scarcely remind you 
how many busluc-ss men occupy seats In the House." 

"The difference is, thnir fortnnea are made while mine is making;; 
nor did yoar graco, if I nndorstood yon aright, allude to them a minute 
Ago in terms they need have mnch reason to be proud of." 

The Duke received the home-thrust with a smile ; and breaking groond, 
appealed again to Mr. CbilJeralHigb'a ambtUoa with a patiuiico that showed 
the importance ho attached to awakening it. Bat he had learaod to read 
ehancteff, and saw that for the moment all ho mi^^t urge would go for 
nothing. The best thing'to bo done was to take it for granted that Hugh's 
present deciajon was not final ; to insist on his taking time for reflection, 
and to trust to regrets and second thooghts to sap his rvsoluUona. Whora 
STCsything woa so argent, the very giving him the night wuh a tlaltiinug 
earnest of the' diatinclion thai might await him ; and it was ju^^it possible 
ho might bo parsoaded not to defer ou a doubtfal chance the brilliant 
certainty moat ambitious m«io ma4 have jumped at. Ilagh would have 
bad it taken for granted the que^tou was disposed of, but ou that point the 
Duke was firm, und said as he shook him warmly by the baud, — 

*' Mo, no, Mr. Childersteigh, take an older man's advice and always 



sloap when yon can on an import&iit rosolation. I, for one, haTe of1«n 
fooDii tb« ni^t bring me coTuuel. I vrish yoa good-«Teiung, bat I 
Bhall be glad to bear inaa ycm earl; to-moirow. Now, Uevtanombe^ I 
must run away. I maio mj oxctifioa to Lady Hoatdnombo ab-eadj." 

llio Duke did ran away, if tbs dignified pace be was {deased to 
describe as numing could so bo called, 'niula Lord Hcstercombe dreir 
Mb Ddpbew oat of the hall, wboro tbero was already a baatle of coming 
gu«8t«, the appealing look be addressed to Hagh was really toochiog 
from A mail liko him. 

*• Yuu will tbink twice, Hagb, will you not, bofor* Bsfasiug Ibfa 
o9br DanstaDbargh makes ns ? It means a reiy great deal from biin, let 
me toll you." 

Hugb shook his head regrotfnlly. 

** 80 maeh I can easily promise yon, hot then IVo thoaght it orer ao 
often before. If anythiug coald have shaken me, be sore yoar viabea 
would have done it long ago." 

*' Bnt this chance " 

" Tempted me, I own, but only for a moment. If I anatrhcd it, 
tempting as it eeoTOB, it would be the dog in the fable over a^puu — the 
sacrifice of the subalanee to Ibo shadow." 

*' No shadow, Hugh, no shadow." 

" At least, the otber's n substance, and it would be a folly to mk 
lonng it ; and lose it I should to a certainty : man's capacity|ia limited, and 
1 don't overrate mine. I've boen &e« to face with poverty, and it fairly 
frightened me. I'to no pbiloBophy, os I fonnd, uot a sbred of it. Yon 
vould fill your seat for Worzclshire with a holf-heartod politician, his 
heart horering over tlie gture of h\s trcnsnre, and his thoughts wandering 
away in tho City. In a year I sboold be a failure, a di^ppointed man, 
retnonieful at having laid the axe to my own prosperity. It's best waiting, 
aflc<r all, and bctieTa me, I should do much better later were I ertoi bron^k 
down to sitttDg for a metropolitan burgb or an Irish one. I've bosB 
perfectly cAudid, uid I see yoo own tho force of what J say. la pmdo&M 
yon could Hciuccly urge me, ersn as seats soil now, to give aome hundred 
thooiaudu for mine. I know I may trust your goodness to amooUw 
mattera over with tho Buko, and if any one can do it yon can, for no 
man ean appredato a common-sense view of things totter than he, wluo 
brought home to him by a man like yon." 

" Well, well, Hugh, we shall eee about all that lal«r, but think ii orsr 
—think it over," rejoined Lord Hestercombe, bUU riingiog to hopee in the 
flioa of eonrietion : perhaps, in his sappreasod admiration of bis nepbnr's 
■aooanftU cn«g;>-, trusting Ibat in very prodeaee be might couu to ft 
daeiateQ that would bo raih in another man. " In tho pfuntirrm we'll go 





MARCH. 1870. 

Ipul JJourscIf ill i'lB |)(are. 

en AFTER xxxin. 

UAT VM Qmco Cunltiii's finit 
finonjinons Jotter. Ite cootciits 
curdlt-d bcr veins vtlh pninnn. 
The poor girl mi piUu and bo- 
numbed, tumkg tbo letter in 
}ier bond, and rejtdiuf! tbe fiatal 
\si>nls over uoil over agaiD. 

Thora wna a timo wlico she 
would have entirely disbelieved 
Uiia slander ; but now she re- 
iiH'iubored, wiUi dlsmaj, how 
many thiogB had combined to 
iittAvh Hcury to Jsol Deoee. And 
tlion the lotter elated stirb hard 
fiicts ; facts nnknowu to her, but 
advanced positively. 

But nchat terrifitnl her most 
wiig that Henn,' luid pu lately 
toid bur JtuA DoDco loved liim 

Yet her toseed and tortured 

nod Uid bold uf this citmfbrt, that not the man only, but the nomiU] 

to, were loyat, Eailhfiit spiiits. Could they both have L-baDgcd ? Appenr- 

ac*8 »ro d<?Cf»itfo!, and might have doccived this juionynions writpr. 

AAcr hours of luvro onffenug, she began to »tik herscir what she 

should do ? 

TOt. 1X1.— NO, 123. 18. 


Hor first foiuuun« impulse wna to tr? tod fiod out the truth witfaont 
Henry's Aid. 

Rut, DQ ; on second thonglild sbo woald he opoD aod lojal, show H^ory 
the lotter, and ask him to t4.>U her how oiach IruUi, if any, th»ro was in it. 

Tho agooj Bhe endured was a lesson to her. Now sba know what 
jealoQBj was ; and enw at once she could not endtire its torments, tibcr 
thought to herself ho was quite right to moke her dismiss Mr. Corcntij, 
and he must dismiss Jacl : she should insiat on it. 

Thin resolution formed^ she lired on thonis, awtuting Bettrj tatUc' 
next visit 

Ho came next day, but she was oot. 

Bhe asked the sorrnnt if ho had said anything. 

Tho sorx-nnt eaid, " He eeemed a good deal put out at fini, MUs, Bni 
aftcrwnnls ho said, ' Xo, it was all for the beet.' " 

This was another blow. Grace coDnected these words of Hrnry in 
some mjstorions vr&y with tho anonynions letter, and spent the nighi 
cijing : but. in the morning, being a brare high-spiritvd girl, slie 
resolved to take a direct coarse ; she would go down to tho works, 
and rcquetit nu exphtnsttou on tho premises. She would see tho room 
where Henry was said to pafts so many hours with Jael. and she would 
ahow him that the rann ahe loved, and lirrd for, must place htmaelf 
above suspicion, or lose her for ever. " And if lio ({narrcls with me fiw 
that," she tfaongM, '^why, I can die." She actually carried oat her 
roHoIntion. and wont early next morning to the work*; to demand aii 
usplanation. Hhc Uiok the letltT with her. As she went along ttho 
diaetused in her own mind how gfao should proceed, and at last aba 
resoWed to just band him the lettAr and £x hi-r nyv on him. ffts bee 
would tell her tho truth. 

Hhc droTu up to tbo great gulc ; thaea wore a ^<iod many p€W|Je about, 
talking, in excited groups. 

Tho porter came out to her. She said she wUhed to se6 tSr. T^iltto. 

The porter stared : the people within iMarinf* k-A <^ talking, and 
stored, too, at her, and ibeo at one another. 

Allost the porter found his \-oie«, " ICr. l^Ht llrty^'yid can't llutl 
him ODjwherOi dead or alivg." 

Just then, Bansome came out, and, soeiog yim Cttden, gavt! a atwi, 
and looked much conoemed. 

Grace surprised thig louk, nod her own face began to fiH with mrprise^ 
and then with niorm. " Not to be found 1 " she fihltered. 

Sb't «hd not know Mr. Ihmsome, bat be knew her; and he onae to tho 
earriage-wbduw, and said, in n low Toie«, " Miss Cardco, 1 am tb« ehi 
eonstablo. I would odriso }'oa to rotttm home. Tlie Gui is, then baa 
b««n an axploaioa here, and a young woman nearly killed." 

" Poor crvatiire t Itut Mr. Little 1 Oh, sir I Oh, sir I " 

"We can't find him," raid Raosoma, •olomuly : "and we tant — yn 
aadty fea r --—" 




Grwe nllonffl n low err, and then mi iremblia^. 
1tnnsoin« tried to console hor ; eaiJ it nras jnst possible ho might hare 
Doi sltipt in the works. 

Tha porter Bhook hiit hoad. 

Oraoe HpTADg from the cnniitge. "Show mo tho place," said ehc, 

RoiuoiiM demtured. " It is an ugly «gbt for any one to boo." 
, " Who hu a better right to see it than I ? I shall find lum, if he in 
ih&rt>. Qivo mo yonr arm : I hnve hoitrd him speak of yon." 
1*hi>n lUn^imo yiclihid relnotitntly, aiid took her to the place. 

He showed her ilenr^-'t room, all rent and matilattid. 

She shnddorod, and, covering her hco with her handfi, Ifiaocd hulf 
fiu&tiug ogotQiit hitr conductor : but mon ithe shook this oH', and hocnmo 
inspired with 8traji){0 cuor^v, thou>>b hur Uuso was like miu-ble. 

Hho drew bimi indeed almost dragged him, hither and thitbcTt 
questioning him, and listening to ererybodya conjectures ; for thore were 
load gronps here of wark-p«oph> and townspeopli?. 

Some thought be vas banc-d uiidor the great chiipney in the river, 
iinrs iutimnt4Ml pliiinly tbuir foar thai be wna blown to atoma. 

At each auj^goutioii (fraco Cordon's whole body winood and qoivorod, 
as if the words were aword-cata ; bnl she would not bo persuaded to retire. 
" No, no," she cried, " amongst so many, some one will guosa right. I'll 
hear all th<>y tbiuk, tf I dio on the spot : die 1 What is Ufa to me 
now ? Ab ! what is that woman aaying ? " .Vnd she hurried Ransomo 
UjwttrdH a work-wcmiau wbo was haranguing several of b«r comrades. 

The woman saw Kausomo coming towards her with a strange lady. 
Ah ! " said she, "here's the eouslabte. Mr. Kausome, will ye tell mo 
iihtre you found the lass, yesternight ? " 

** Sho was lying on that heap of bricks : I marked tho place with two 
pieces of chalk ; ay, bora they are ; bur huad lay hero, and her 
feet hero." 

" Well then," Hiiid tho woman, "ho will not bo far from tbul plnee. 
You clear away those bricks and rubbish, and you will &id htm under* 
uoath. She was his sweetheart, that is well known h»re ; and be vaa sale 
lu ho bcsido hor, when the place was blown up." 

**No auch thing," aaid Ransome, angrily, and casting a ludo-look at 
Grace. " She lay va the second floor, and Mr. Uttlc on the first floor." 

" Thou simple body," aoid tho woman. *' What's a stair to a young 
nun. when a bonny lass lies awaiting him, and not a soul about ? They 
wore a deal too close together all day, to bo distant at night." 

A mormnr of assent burst at once from all tho women. 

Graoe'H bwly wiucud and ciuivered, but her marble faoe novor stirred, 
nor did her lips otter u sound. 

" Como away from their ecandalons tongues," said fUnsome, eagerly. 

*' No," KAid Grace ; and such a " No." It was like a statoe uttering 
a chip ai Hs own marble. 




ThcD fibc stood rjnivering a momenl: then, leaving Raneomn's armJ 
ehe darted np to tbo place where Jucl Bence had hceu fuuud. 

Hlic stood, like a bird, on tho broken mnsonrj, mid opeiitvl hei 
beaiiLifal eyes in a strange way, and demanded of all ber senses vrhethei 
tbe body of htm she loved lay henealb her feet. 

After a minute, duriug which every oyo was riveted on her, pho said, 
" I don 'I believe it ; I don't feel bim near mo. But I will know." 

She took out her pnrsc, full of gold, and held it up to the women. 
" Tbifl for you. if you will help mo." Then, kneeling doiru, ahe began 
to tear up the bricks and tbronr them, one after anotbor, as far M her 
Htretj)^ permitted. The rfTect on the work-women was electrical : they 
iiwannod on the broken masonrr, and began to clear it away brick by 
brick. They worked with aympathetio fun,*, led by this fair creatura, 
whdse white hands went eoon sailed and bloody, but uvvor tirod. In let: 
than an hour they hnd cIcArod nwny Beveml wfLggon-loods of debris. 

The body of Bcnry Little was not there. 

Grace gave her purse to the women, and leaned beaTilj oi 
Mr. Ransome's arm again. He supported her out of Iho works. 

As soon an tbcy were atone, she Raid, " Is Jael Deueo alive or dead 9*^ 

" She wan alive half an hour ago." 

•' Wherein she?" 

"At the hospital." 

" Take me to tho h-wpital." 

He took her to llie hospital, and eoon thoy stood bcKido a clean 
bed, in which lay tho wbit<^, but still comely face, of JiuA Pence: lit 
loiuriant hair was ent close, and bor head bandaged ; but for hor m^cctic 
form she looked a fair, dying boy. 

" Stand Inck," said Grace, " and let me speak to ber." Then Kbo] 
leaoed over Jael, where she lay. 

Gentle women are not all gentleness. Watch them, especially in ' 
contact with their own sex, and you shall si>e now and then a trait of the 
wild animal. Grace Garden nt this moment was anything bat dovti-Uko r 
it was more tike a falcon the way she clutched the brd-clotbce, ondj 
towered over that prostrnto fignro, and then, descending slowly nuarer and 
nearer, plunged ber eyes iulo thuso fixed and tttariog nrbs of Jael Deiico. 

Bo she remained riveted. Had Jael been conscious, and oalpable^j 
uulhiiig eontd havft eflcapcd a scrntiny so penetrating. 

Kveu nueoDScioiu as she was, Jael's brain and body bogu b showj 
Hmo signs they were not qnite impervious to the stningfv mtignetie power, 
lich besieged Ibcm so closely. When Grace's eyc8 bul been closo 
hers abont a minnte, Jael Detieo moved her be«d iilightly K» the tcfl, na ii 
UiuBo oyes scorched hor. 

But Grace moved her own bead to the right, rapid as a Buakv, mi 
fbtcd b«r again directly. 

Jael Donee's bfi«nn gave a luiavv. 

" Where — is— Uenry L)tU« 7 " said Graoe, ftill holding bor ti^ld 

rirr YotJRS^tP ut his piace. 


tlio t>}'ei, tmd flpo&king very slowly, and ia sach n tone, lov, but solutuu 
and commaQcliiig ; n toD« that eomp«lled TOplj. 

•' Where— i«— Henry LitUa?" 

WUeu Ihis was so repeatod, Joel moved a litUei and hot lipe Iwg&Q to 

" Wherfr— is— Huury LiiUo ? " 

Jael's lips opened feebly, and some iuarUoalate Bounds issaed £i'i>m 

•' WhuTO— is— Hfury Litllo ?" 

Joel Detiee. though itncouscioos, whihod and mouiod so, that Uia 
boiul none intorfered, and eaid she could not have the patient tormented. 

Itansomo Traved her aside, bat taking Qraee Garden's hand drew her 
gently away. 

Hlio made no positive redntancc ; but, while ber body yicldvil and 
retired, ber eye remained rivotod on Jacl Dence, and bor band ctutcbed 
the air, like a hawk's talons, unwilling to lose ber prey, and then she 
turned BO weak, Raufiomo hud to flupjiort bur to ber ciLrri&go. 

As (iracc's bond sunk on Ksosouic's sbonlder, Joel Donee's ejM_ 
closed for the first time. 

As Rausonte was liAing Grace Garden into the carriage, nhe said, in a 
sort of tdei'py voice, " Is there no way out of tbeso works, but one ? " 

"Not that I know of; but I will go at ooeo and see. Shall he drivo 
you homo ? " 

'* Yes. No : to Doctor Amboyno." 

Doctor Amboyoe was gOQc to Woodbine Villa. 

8he waited iu his Btiidy, moving about tbo room all the time, with her 
iace of marble, and hor poor restless bands. 

At last the Doctor returned : they told him, at the door, Miss Garden 
was there: be came in to ber with both biinds extended, and bis face 
workiujj with emotiou. 

She fell sobbing into his arms ; sobbtug, but not a tear. 

•' Is there any hope ? " 

" I have one. May he not have left the country, in a fit of despair ? 
lie often thrrateued. He lulkcd of going to the Cnited States." 

"Su be did. Ab, he called on me yestvrday aiU-rnoou. Might not 
that have been to hid me goodby ? " 

She looked so imploringly in Doctor Amboynt's face, that he usonted, 
though full of doubt. 

And now there was a riu^ nt the bell, and Mr. Banaoue eame to say 
there watt a little postern gate, by which Mr. Little might possibly have 
gone oat> and the porter not seen him ; and, what was more, this gate. 
by all nccouata, had been recently opened : it was ckised before Bolt and 
Little took the promistifi. 

Sir. IbuiKome added thnt he should noH^ make Jl bis busincDS to leami 
if possible, whether it hiid bo«n opened by Mr. little's orders. 





suid Gmco, " if hu lias ijoae tiimj at nil, ho most 
Etoq if tbore vm nobodir bo lored, he would tell — 

Grutie thank«d him earnestly, imd loolied faopefal; no did Doctor 

"Hut, Duclorf 
hare told somebody, 
ah I Mr. Bolt 1 1 " 

" You arc right. Lot us go to Llin ut outio." 
< They ftntod Mr. Bolt io qnito a differeat frame of inind from their 
o^-n ; be wu breatbmg veugeauce. Uovever, he oboved somo fecUiig 
for Grace, and told the Doctor plaial.v be fsared tbo worst. Uttle had 
hwn dowD-heortcd for some time, and, at last, he (Bolt) bad lost patience 
with him, and hud proposed to him to take an anuiiitl paymunt of ttioe 
hmidrt'd pounds infitfod of a Bhnre, and le-ave the concom. Little bad 
asked two dayi to consider tliis proposal. " Now," argued Bolt, •• if 
bo meiint to leare England, he conld not do better than t«ko my offer : 
and be would have tukou it, bcforo be left. He would have culled, or 
else sent me a letter. Bat uo : not a nord I It's a bad job : I'm ftind 
of mouey» bat I'd give a few tbousauilu to seu htm alive agiuu. Bal I 
don't thiok I ever Hball. Xhtre Are five bnndred tboiiiaD<l btiekfl of onra 
in that river, and a foot and a half of mud." 

While they were both nhnddering at this dark alluaion, ho went off 
into idle thruate, and tiraeo left him, sick and oold, and dinging to 
Doctor Amboyne tike a dromung woman. 

." Have courage," aoid Doetor Amboyne. " There is ono cbsnce left 
tta. Ilis mother! I will telegraph to Aber^-atwith." 

Thuy drove together to the telegraph oflico, and Dani a tologram. The 
Doetor would not oonsonl to frighten Mrs. Little to doath. Ho Bliuply 
naked ttbether her son had Just viaited m- written to her. The amiwer 
waB paid fur; but four hours elapsed, and no answer came. 

Then Grace implored the Doctor to go with her to Abeiystwitb. He 
looked gravu, and said sho was andfitaking too mnofa. She i-eplied. 
alniusl lierecly, that she must do all that could be done, or aho abomld 
go mod. 

" Bat your father, my dear ! " 

"He is in I^ndon. I will tdl him all when be retoms. Be vonM 
let mo go anywhciB with yoa. I mast go ; I 'nill 1 " 

At Cour o'clock tbey were in the train. Tboy spoko to wwfa other bat 
little* (pn the way : tbbir hearts were too ftdl of dire forebodings, to talk 
about nothings. But, when tbey were in the fly at Aberystwiih, going 
(rom the Htatiou to Mrs. Little'N lodgingfi, Grace laid ber bend on h«r 
fri4!ud'a ahouldur and said, *' Oh, Doeturi il haa come to this — I hope ho 
loved bis motiier butter than mo." Then eeno a flood of ivnn, the fini. 

Thuy went to ?llnt. Uttlo's lodgiuRs. The hnilLuly hud retired to 
lied, and, on hAannfl their etraod, told them, out of the sepond-floor 
wtud'jw, that Mrs. LitUo had left bur wmu daya affg, and goae to a 
neigW ■ "'' . for ehmj '' '■ 

1' :gT Amlx J noxt ooniiDg to UuU 



rtrr tourselp is ms place. 


loftrucd where Mrs. Littio w&b. DouLor Amboynd left Gnco at Uio 
I, for bo kadv tbo sight of her would at onco alarm Mrs. Littio ; nnd, in 
a matttir so oncmiiiin as this, he thought the greatest cautiou necensary. 
Grace waited for bim at the inn in an BgoDT of Huspeuse. Sha wat^rbod at 
the wiiiilow for Mm, nml at l«8t (the saw him comiiig towards hor. Uis 
hv.ul was down, and gbo could not road his face, or sho conld hnvo told in 
a moment whother he brought i^ood dcws or had. 

Hha waited for him cnct hut tnimbUng. He Dpouod the door and 
Ktood btifore hor pale and ag!tat«>d ; so palo and agilAtod sho had noror 
BL'en hiio before. 

He faltered ont : " 8ho knows nothing. 8he tuasl know DOthlDg, 
Bhe is too ill and weak, and, indeed, in snch a condition, that to tell her 
tbo fatal sews would probablj have killed her on tho spot. All I dared do 
was to nsk her with assum&d iudifluroni-'o IT sho had hoard from Hoiiry 
latelj. "So, Grace, not for tlioso Uiree dayn." 

Hi; sat down and groanod aloud. 

" YoQ love the sod," said he ; " but I Ioto tbo mother : loved her 
years before yon were bom." 

At this unexpected rcTolntion Groco Garden ktssod him, and wept on 
his shoulder. Thou Ihey went sitdly liouiu ngiilu. 

I>octor Amboync now gave up all hopes of Hcnrj, and his anxiety waai| 
concentrnted ou Mri^. Little, llow on earth was he to save her from a 
shock likely to provo fatal in her weak condition ? To bring ber to 
UillHborough in hiv present state would 1)41 fuUj. Ho was compelled to 
leave her in WiUes, and that looked so like abandoning her. He soQbrod 
torture, the torture that only aoble minds oaa know. At midnight, as hftl 
Jay i& bed, luid roTolved in hie mind all the difficolUes and perils of thisj 
pitiable situatioD, an idea struck him. He would try and persnad* 
Mnt. Little to nuury him. Rhonld she consent, he could thou take her on 
A wi^diliug-toor, and that tour he could cosily oxttmd frtim place to place, 
j>uitiD||[ off the evil time aotil, struug in health and coujiigul aOectiou, hIiq 
might be able to endure the terrible, the inevitable blow. I'he very noit 
morning he WToto ber an eloquent letter ; he told her that Henry had 
guue suddenly off to Australia to sell his patents ; tii&t almost his last word 
hail been, " My mother ! I loavo her to you." This, said the Doctor, is ■ 
sacred comuuMiou : aud bow can I execute tt? I cannot invito you to' 
Hillsborough, for the air is Catal to yon. Think of ^iiur balf-pnimiso, and 
my many yoors of devotion, and gire me the right to carry out your son's 
wishes to the full. 

Hts. Little rephed to this letter, and the result of tho corroHpandeuoSi 
was this : she said she would mnny him if she could recover ber ht'ulth t 
but that she feared she never sbould, until she was rvconoilud to her 

Sileontimo, Grace Cardcn fell into ■ ttraugo etate : fits of rcroriUi 


miergj ; fitfi of death-like stupor. Bbe conid do noUiiog, yet H madilaiicd 
her to bo idle. With Holt's pcmussion she set workincn to reuioi>'ti hU 
the remains of the chimney that could be got at : the water vas high just 
then : she hail a barge ami wnrkmen, tuikl ufu^n vrAU'hed them, mud urgod 
them by her presenca. Nat that she ever spoke ; but she hovered almut 
with her marble &ce and staring eyes ; aod the sight of her toaclied tbuir 
heiu'ts acd spurred them to exertion. 

.Sometimes she used lo stand on a heap of Iricki hard by, aod peer, 
with diUted eym, into the dark stream, and watch eaeb bncket, or baakot, 
' as it cama up with bricks, aud rubbish, uud mud, from the bottom. 

At other times she would stand on the bridge, and lean orer the 
bnttlvuicutu su fiir, as if sbe would fly down and iH.-arch for her dead lover. 

One day as she hun^ thus, glariug in(o the water, she hcnrd n deep 
sigh. She looked up, and there was a face almost as pale as her own, 
and tiTCn more ho^^ard, louking at her with a Ktraii}{o mixture of paio and 
pity. This ghastly HpectaUir of her aguiiy wiis himself a miserablo nua. 
It was Frederick Coveutr)-. fits crime bnd brongbt bim QO bi^ipinees, ao 
hope of hftppinesB. 

At sight of him, Grare Garden groaucd, and covered her {ace with bcr 

Coventry drew back dismayed. Uis guilty eonsdlence misintorprotod 

** You con fbrgire as now," said Grace, with a deep sub : theu toruod 
away with sullen liatiBKaness, and oootinued her sad senttiny. 

Coventry loved her, after his fashioD.iuid her mate but cloqacni miaoi; 
moved him. 

Ue drew nearer to bor, and said softjy, "Do not look so: I ean't bear 
it. He is not Lbero." 

*■ All I How do you know ? 

Co%-«ntry was silent for a moment, and seemed une&sy : but, at hist. 
be replied thus: — "There were two oxplostona. The chimney fell into 
the river a moment before the explosion that blew up the works. So how 
can he be hnriml under the ruins of the chimney ? I know this from 
a workman who voa standiDg on the bridge when the explosions took 

*'B1«BB the tongue that tells mo thaL Ob, bow mnch wiser yoa are 
ibaa tbe rest of an I Mr. Coventry, pity nud furgire a poor girl who 
bas naed yon ill. Tell me — tell me — whut run bftvo beonme of bta 7 " 

Coventry teas much agitated, and could uut speak for some time, and, 
len ho did, it was in a fkiiil voics as of one exhausted by a mt'ulal 
" Would you rather bo was — dead— or— (olse ? " 

" Ob, fiUao — a tbooaand timed — pmre to me he is not dead, but i/uly 

« to bis poor Grace, ami I will lik'tti^yut] on my knoes." 

Iliifthi'd. " Woll, thru, be vrni tbe lover of tlael T)iine«, 


Grace was slleat. 

" Miuij a mau Imn fletl bttm two vrotnen, who contd have IjMiu buppy 
intb t^itlier of thorn. I believi; thiit this mau fouud himself oanbto to plaj ' 
the doable gsmo any longer, attd that be has flo<l tbo conntiy " 

" I pray God it may be so," sobbed Grace. 

"-— Tkroagh remonici, or &om draad of exposure. Hare palieace. 
Dii nnt Icill Tonrsolf, and hroak all dot hearts. Take my word for it, roa 
x^Ul hitur from him iu a few days, and be viill ^ire yoa rtiiisami fur hia 
straQgo dimppearuice, — excellent, business-Uko rcaiions, but oot thei 
tnie ones: there will not bo a word about Jaul Dcnoe." luta last 
with a sneer. 

Omca turned on him with eyes that lilorally gleamed : "Yon hnted 
him linng, yoa «laudor him dead. Falsehood wan not in biu : biu 
aSectipD for Jael Dcnco was no secret. I knew it, and approved it. It 
waK as pure as haaren. His poor mutilntod body will soon coutradict 
these \-ilu culiimQiee. I halt- yuu I 1 hate you 1 " 

CoveuLry drew back at fimt from this burst of ire ; but hoou be met 
her glance with one of ticndisb hittcme^^. " You hide me for pitying 
yon, and saying that man ia not dead. Well, have yoar owq way, then ; 

he is uut faliu), but duud." 

He turned ou his heel, and weat away. 

Aa for Mr. Carden, he doolined to admit that Little was dead, and 
said hill conduct ws» unpnnlonalile, and, indued, ho nearly ri«ombIcd 
uiadDes«,that, considering the young man's father had committed Buieidc, 
lie was detfiruined never to admit bim into his bouse again, at all events 
Boitor to Oraco. 

Mr. Coventry had now taken spaoiouR aparimcnts, and fnniiabcd tbem. 
Re resumed his risiUi to the club. Mr. Cardon mot him there, and spoke 
more confidentially to bim tban ho did to bis daughter, and admitted ho 
bad gnre doubts, hot said he was a director of the Gosabawk, and wonld 
never, either ia public or private, allow that Little was dead, unless his 
bo<ly should bo found, and properly iduutiGed. 

All this time tbero was a but dittcussiou iu the journals ; and the 
Saw-grinders' Union repudiated the outrage with horror, and oQierod a 
considerable reward. 

Ontfiident were taken in by tlus ; bat not a single mauufacturcr or 

Mr. Holdfast dtinotmcud it as a Trade outrage ; and Iknsome groped 
the town for erideoce. 

The bttler, however, was Tuihvr puzzled one day by an anonjmoas 
kitter tolling him he was all on Uie wrong tack ; it was not a Trade job. 
but contrivfid by a gentleman for his private ends. Advuntitge hod been 

\'6— t. 



taken ofLitUo leiiif; wrong with the Trade; "bni," satdtha IctUtr, "jo 
Bliould look to tb« htiad for tW moUve, not to tho luuxtH. Oiio or tv 
Guw Uicoi l(t{julL«ir II good mauy LinieH bufuro tiio ilceJ was done, aud 
Swell was aeoD on Uiq very bridge when tho oxiiloaion took place." 

This set lloiuome Uunkiog very ecrioual}- and comptring not«i. 

Week after wcok wcut by uud lull, tbt: m,vsWry uxuHrlved. 

Hr. Coventry saw Mr. Cnrdon nearlj otop^- tlity, aod asked him 
Uiere no news of Little ? The aiiswor was olwnjs iu tbo Ufgativc, and this 
Borprised Cavenhy more and more. 

Wbeo a whole month had elapsed, «Teu ho he'^AU to fancy stranga 
things, nnd to nurse wild prqjoota that had never entered his haad bofov** 
He atudicd bookA of medical jurispnidenoe, aud innde all monncff- 
experiments. He resumed his intimicy with Cole, and tbey woro ofl«a 
cloeeti-d toficth^r. 

Fire nooks haJ elapsed, and Grfice Ciirden had loi^t ftll ber fe^nrisb 
unergy, and n'maiuedpa&furu, kUtargic, fuiu-iugovorytbiug,.bupingiiuthiag, 
bnt quirering all day with cxpeotatioa of the next blow ; for what bad she 
Ifift to (expect now but sorrow In nome form or other ? 

She ufteu wished to viRit Jael Peoce again at the Lofipitol ; boi* for 
some time, an invinciMe repugnauee wiUibeld bor. 

BUo aakud l>octor Amboyuo to go instead, and qnoatioa tbo aithappy 

Doctor Amboyne did ko ; bat Ja«] was now in a biiir->>tupid condiUou, 
and her poor brain not olear enough to remember what she was wanted to 
remonibcr. Her memory was full of gaps, and, unluckily, one of tbaM 
gaps embraced the whole period between bor battle with Hill and the 
proKvut time. 

At last Grace was irritated, aud blamod the Doctor for bis fiiilnra, 
Bbe reuiiuded bim she bad herself magnetized Jaol, and had almost made 
her speak. She renolreil to go to the hospital befKclf. *' I'll nuke her 
tell mo ono tbiag." said aho, '* though 1 tear bor heart out, asd my 
owu too." 

Sbo divsSed plaioly, and walked rapidly down towards the hospital. 
There were two wnya to it, but sho cboRO the one that was sure to give 
ber pain. 8be could not help it ; bor very feet dragged bcr la Ihnt fatal 

"When aht drew Dear the &tal biidge, she obserrcd a nomber of parsons 
collected on it, looking dovni in the rirar at muug dtBtauee. 

At tlic Kame time people began to hurry past her, makbg for the 

B1h> asked oue of iSfjn what it was. 

" Bummut in the littir." was tb« reply, but in a tooe so ftiU of mean* 
bg, that, at tliesc simple words, she rait ft>rward, thoagh bcr kxi6eB ohnust 
gaf>6 *■ 1 ■ 

Til liot so otxiwdvd yt't. but that ibc coolnvod to push b 

betwvcn two wouuij aiid luvk. 





* w 



AJl llic poopU were speaking in low mtirmuro. The tiol vteatbcr Imd 
dried tlio rivor iij) to a elrdftta in Ibo midilk', and, in mid-streBQi, about 
flflj yards from tbo foot of tlio bridge, was a pile of brokun nuuour^, 
wluob liwl oaeo been tbo upjier part of Bull aud Little's cblomoy. It 
IumI fdleo loto vater twelve feet deep ; but aow the water vbb uol above 
£rT« fiaet, and n pintion of tlie brukeu bricks tod Ulea were visible, eoma 
jntt above, some jast under tbe water. 

At one hidu of tbis wreck jotted out the olyect nn which all eyes wore 
DOW fusteoed. At first sight, it looked a orookcd log of wood, titicLiii^ 
oat from among the brick». Tboununds, indeed, had [lABsed tbe bridge, 
and Dotioed nuUiing parlicnlnr abont it ; but one, more obserrant or tess 
hurried, bad peered, and then potntud, and collected the crowd. 

It needed bnt a secoad look to show that this was not a log of wood, 
bat the aleuvo of a man's cunt. A closer inHi>ectiou revealed that the 
sleeve viVM not empty. 

There wai an arm inside that sleeve, and a little more under tbe 
water one coold se« distinctly a band wbit« and sodden by the water. 

The dork stream just ripp)»d over this bond, half veiling it at times, 
thou^jb never biding it. 

" Thi* body will be jammed among the bricks," said a bystander ; 
and all assented with awe. 

" Eh t tu tliiuk of it» Hticking out an arm like that I " Hoid a, youug 

" Dead folk bRTo done more than that, sooner than want Cbristiua 
burial," replied an old wonieo. 

" I warrant ye they bavo. I oan't look at it." 

" Is it ck>th, or what? " inquired ouothtv. 

" It's a kind of Tweed, I think." 

" ^Vhat'8 tfaat glittering on iu finger ? " 

" It's a ring, — a gold ring." 

At ibis lust revelation there wus a feorfo] scream, and Grace Cardan 
fell Bcuselees on the pavement. 

A genilemAU, who bad been hanging about and listening to tlic 
comments, now darted forward, with a Ewe almost as white as her own, 
and raised bor up, and implored the people io gel her a carriage. 

It was Mr. Covcutr)*. Little had be counted on this meeting. 
Horror- utrickim, ho conveyed the inseuKiblo girl to her fnlher'a house. 

He IiiiDdvd her over to the women, and lied ; and the woown brought 
bar runud ; bnl she hod scarcely recovered her soases, when she uttered 
another piercing scream, and swooned again. 


CttAPTER xxxnr. 

CoTENTST pused a ni^t of agouj and remorse. He got np broken 
d«i)pou<ieut| and went straight to Woodbioo Villa, to do a good actioD. 

Ht) tiiijitired fur Miss Canlea. They told bitn she vos vcrjr ill. He 
expressed au camcist wish to »oo ber. Tlic> Bcrvaota told liini that vm 
imposnblo. Nobody nos allowed to see her bat Doctor Amboyne. Ua 
went, next day. to Doctor AmbovuD, and the Doctor tuld him that Mias 
CardoD waa daugoruufily ill. firiiin fever appeared ineviUble, 

" But, air," said Covcutry, vAgcrly, ** if one could prove to bor that 
those were not the reciains or Henij Little ? ' ' 

" How cotdd yon prove that ? Besides, it would be no nae now. 
Rhe is delirious. Even should she live, I shoold forliiJ the subject for 
many a day. Xutlcud, uone but tbo man hinisolf could make her believe 
tboHH remnius are not his ; and even he could not save her now. If ba 
stood by her bedside, she would not know him." 

The Doctor's lip trembled a little, and bis words were so grave mid 
solomu that they struck lu the miserable mau's tnarraw. He staggered 
away, like a druakon tnnn, to his lodgings, and there Hung himself on tbe 
floor, and grovelled in an agony of terror and remorse. 



0;4B day it occorrod to Baby he could play the mieanlhrope jost u well 
at borne as abroad, so bo returned borne. 

He found old Deuce dead and buried, and Patty Denoe gao« to 
AuHtnilia with her hnsbaod. 

Uu heard Jael was in the hospital. He cnlled at Woodbine TUIa, 
aod they lold him Grace was lying between life and death. 

He called on Doctor Amboyce, and found him as sod as he usmI lo 
be gay. The Doctor told him all, and even took him to the Town Hall* 
and Hhowod him nn arm aod part of the trunk of a man preserved hi 
spirits, HD() a piooc of Tweed cloth, mid a plniu gold ring, 

" There," said he, " is all that remains to us of your nephnr, and 
my friend. Geoins, beauty, oourage — oU come to this I " He uonld ai^ 
nu mure. 

The tears filled Ilahy's eyos, and all his bitterness melted awty. 
With respect to his lUKtcr, ho said hu uiis quiU.- witliog lo bo reonucitrd, 
and even to own himself in the wrong, if Dr. Amboyne, on reading tbe 
vorresjiondooce, chotild think so. Dr. Amboyne said he would rome lo 
Ilaby llall for that purpuM. He BOnunanicaled this at once to Mrs. litlW. 

Gnco had a favourable cHsiA, and In a fc« dnX's more abo was out of 
danger, but in a deplorablu state of weakness. Doctor Amboyne ordared 



to tbo soa-eddc. A carriage vas prcpnrxMl oxpnasly for her, Kud lier 
'lailier took hor ibcre. 

Woodbinti TiUft waa pat up to let ftimisbed, and it was taken bj— 
Ur. CoTentry. 

JacI Pcdcv began to recover Btrengtli rnpiilly, but bIio wore at tituee 
a confused luok. Tlic Terr diij Qraco left for Eftalbankf she waa 
discharged aa cured, aud left the ho«])ital. This n-ua ia Ihd moming. 

lu tho ofltimuon Dr. Aniboyno, being now rcliovod of biK anxiety as 
\o Oroee, remombered bo had not been to boo this poor girl for £oine 
time ; bo be went to the hospibd. 

WHien bo heard she was discharged, ho felt annoyed mih himself for 

□ot hsTiUg paid her closer iittontion. And, besides, Grace had repeatedly 

told htm Jael Hence coald make a revolation if abe ohoae. And now, 

oecupieti with Grace herself, he had neglected her wishes. 

" Where is she gone ? do you know ? " 

One of the nurses said she was gone homo. 

Anutbor eaid the patient bad told her she should go down to the 

works &rifl. 

" And that is the very last jdace rou sliould have let her go to," said 
the Doctor. " A fine shock the poor creature will get there. Yuu want 
hor back here again, I suppoiiel " He felt uDoasy, and drove down to 
the works. Tberd ho made some inriuirics among the women, and elicitod 
that iraol Dunce had tomed faint at sight of the place, and they had shown 
her, at bvv rcjuest, whare she had been picked up, aud had told her about 
the diiicoTer)' of IJlUe'e reiuains, and she bad persuadvd a litUe girl to 
go to the Town Hall with bur. 

*' Oh, the tongue t the tongue I " groaaod Amboyna. 
lie asked to see the little girl, aud she came forward of her own 
accord, aud luld hioi she Wl gouo to the Town Uidl with the loss, but" 
(rogretfulJy) " that the man would not show them it without an order from 
the JIayor." •'/(/" 

I>octor Amboyno said ho was very glad that cwnmon vatMC bad not 
quite deserted the earth. " And where did you go next ?" 
'* I came back bt<ro," 
"80 I see; but the lass?" 

" 8ho said she should go home. 'My dear,' Rita's abe, 'there's 
nobody left me here; I'll go and dio among my own folk.' That waa 
hor word.'" 

" Poor thing ! poor thing I Why " 

Hb slopped short, for that moment he remembered Raby bod said 
old l>eQce was di>ad, and Patty gone to Aualratia. If go, here was 
finoth&r blow in store for poor Jael, and she weakened by a Itrag illness. 

Ho LiiHtantly rcKulvod lu drive after her, and see whether aho was 
really iu a Gt slate to unconnter so maoy terrible shucks. If not, bo 
■bould take her bock to the iufirmar)-, ur into his own house ; for he had 
» great reipect £or bor, aud indeed for all her bmily. 




He druYc Tftsl, but lie could aoe nuUiing ot bur oa tlio rond. 
he went on to Cnirnbope. 

H*! Btoppod at the iarmhonso. It vas Bodlr dctcrionttod in ippeor- 
BXiSii. luflide he foiuid only an old CHrtcr, luid his douglltwr. The pliUSA 
WAR in their chiirgc. 

The old oiaD UiM him BiuiUietiually Jae) bad come home two honm 
ago, and asked for her father and Patty, aud thoy hod told brr the old 
{anam was dond aud buried, and Putly gouo tu fongi^ii ]iartii. 

** What, yon blurted it out Uko that ! ¥ou cuuldu't put yourself in 
that {KKir creature's place, anil think what a blow it would be ? How. in 
b<»tvoD'fl D&me, did ihe take it ? " 

'• Well, Bir, she stared a bit, and loolced »tQpid-Uke; and then iih« aat 
donii. Sho sat cixnTdod allof^etfaer like, in \*oq cumer, beat pari of no 
hour : anil then jihe gat op and said nhe must go and see his grave." 

"You hadn't the sense to make her eat, of conrso?" 

"My girl h'?re sot meat afore her : but Rho couldn't taste it." 

Doctor Ambcyne dioTe to llaby lUll aud told Eaby. liaby said h« 
would have JacI up. to Uib ball. It would be a buttc-r pliice for her 
now, than the form. Ho ordered a room to be got roady for her, and 
a largo fire Jigfated, and at the same time ordered the hmt bedroom for 
Doctor Amboyne. " You most dine and elcop here," said he, " and talk 
of old limes." 

Doctor Ambo>'nc thanked him — it was dusk by this time — and was 
soon seated at that hoepitable tablu, with a hage woad'fire blazing 

Muautimtt, JacI Bence Rnt cmiicbed npon Ler father's grave, stupefied 
with griof. When she had crouobed there a long .time, siie got np, aud 
mattered, " Dead aud gone, dead aud gone." Then alio rrcpt op to the 
old cbui«b, aud Bat down in the porch, bunnmbcd with grief, and still a 
little confused in bcr poor bead. 

Hhc sat there for nearly two honrs, and then itbo got up, and mutteredi 
■* Dead and gone, — be is dead and gone/' and wandcrod on the hill 

Her feet wanderc*!, her brain WBuJered. She found hprself. at last, 
iu a place eho recognized. It was Squire Ilaby's lawn. The moon bad 
iuat risen, and shone on the turf, and on tho Uttle river that went curling 
round with beru aud there a deep pool. 

Bho crept nearer, and saw the great bay-window, and a blaxe of light 
behind it. 

There she had song the (.t- nf 'Sifl whh her father ; and r>"a- b" wi 
dead aud gone. 

■ri ■ 1 ■ : ■ ■ ;.gr 

motlkr i,il 

life in toui ; be wad dead nnd gone. Kvcr; - dead aud gonct. 

bfafi looked up at the glowing window. .1., J.-.-kod down at the pool, 
with the moou kiwing it. 





Hhfi (lung hor arms op, witU a ecroam of iiffODy, and soult intd Uio 
deep pool) vrbwo the moon »ceniod most to smile on it. 

DireeUy iiftor dinoer, Auiboyuo asked to seo the nnbuiipy corru- 
8|)oodt3uc< of which he was to b< tho judge. 

llahs wout for the li'ltcrfi, aud laid thorn before him. Uo took op the 
fktal l(;tlcr. " Mliy, this is oot writtcD by Mm. LitUu. I know htsr n«al 
lialicui huud ttiu wull. See htiw Hm leLtcm idaut aud strogfjto." 

** Ob t but you must allow for tho writec's ogtUtioD." 

'• Why should I allow for ii? You duUt't. Who cbq look it Ibis 
scran]. Olid not Roe that the poor heart brokc^Q creature was not bereolf 
whcu khu ftTutti it ? 'Xhia is uot a letter, — it is u iuor« scream of agooy. 
Put yoni'self in her place. Imagiue yourself a womau, — a creatard i& 
whom the feeliugs overpower the judgUKrul. C«Dsidor the shock, the 
woDad, the phreuzy ; and, bc-Bld&s, she had no idea that yoa left this 
hotiSQ to gLit her bosbAod the money fr«m yonr own fimd9." 

" hhv aerar shaU know ii eiOier." 

" She does know it. I have iold her. Aud, poor thing, sho tliiuks 
■be was the only one to blamo. Sbo seeks yonr forgtveness. Hhu piuos 
fi>r it. This is the true cause of her illness ; and I belicre, if yoa conld 
furgivu bur aud love her, it might yet «avu her life." 

" Then teU hBr I blame myself as much oa her. Toll her my honM. 
my arms, and my heart are ojieo to her. Amboync, you are a true friend, 
and a worthy man. God bless yoti. llow shall we get her hero, poor 
auul ? Will you go for her, or shall I ? " 

.*' Lot me sleep ou thai," said Doctor Amboyne. 

In the course of the eTonint:;. Doctor Ambn^-uo told Ral^ all tbe 
roportti altout Jaul I'eucu aud lliiiry Little. 

" What does that lunlter now ? " said Baby, witb a sigh. 

^Vhcncrer a servant ctune into the room, Amboyne asked him if Jacl 
had arrived . 

lUby nhared his curiosity, but not IiIn anxipty. " The girl knows her 
fmnds." fiuid he. " Khe will have her cry out, you may depend ; bat, 
after that, she will find ber way here, and, when she has got over it a 
little, 1 shall bo sure to koni from ber whether he was her lover, and 
where bo was when the place was blown up. A Dence never liea to a 

But, when nioe o'clock stmck aud there were no tidingc of her, Rahy 
begin to tthare the Doctor's uneosbcss, and al«o to be rather angiy aud 

" Confound the girl," said he. " Uer graodfhthors hare stood by 
mine, in their dimgur aud trouble, fur two hundred yetn; and now, 
in her trooble, »hi sliuks away from me.^' 

i*lJT tOORSELt' is HIS PLACfi. 

"Put yourstilf in hor place," said Ambojne. 
thinks jou are offended about her aad Henty. Bbe 
near yon." 

'■\\^llt, wh*nlft8khcr?" 

'* Tbraiish your stupid lazy Bcrvftntu, vho, Ut siive tbenwelveE troaUfl, 
faniTc Tory likuly lold Bomtibody else Ui toll hor ; uid we koow what cunuM 
of that process- Ten to one tlio iDvitatioD has either mixsed her alka- 
gotber, or come to h^r divoBt«d of all that is kind aud soothing. And 
remeiubor, bIm is not a man. Sho is m poor girl, full of shamo wui 
apprehension, atid needs q gentle eneonrf^ing hand to draw her hare. 
Do, for ooce, put youriiolf in a woman's plae<, — you were bom of * 

" You are right," aaid Raby. " I will sflnil down a corri^e ftw her, 
with a lino iu my own hand." 
He did su. 

At eloveu, tb« servant came bock with the usws that JmI Deuce was 
not at borne. She had been seen wanderiu;; about the country, and wu 
boliered to be wrong in her head. George, the bUcksmith, and oibers, 
wero gone up Ut the old church after her. 

'* Xuni out with torches, oTcry man jack of you, and End her," 
said Raby. 

As for llaby and Amboyne, they sat by the fireside, and conrerBcd 
toguthur, — principally about pour Mrs. LitUe ; but the convcrBatiou was 

A few nuQiitcs after midnight, a terrible scream was hoard. It wat 
uttered out of doors, yet it seemed to ii«uetrftto tho very room where lUby 
aud Amboyne were seated. Both men started to their feet. Tho scream 
was not rciHjated. They looked at each other. 

" U was in my garden," said Itaby ; and, with some little diffioolty, 
he opened the window, and ran out, followed by Amboyne. 
They looked but could see nothing. 

But, with that duath-shriek ringing in their ears, they wa&ted no tinw. 
Haby waved Amboyne to the left, and himself dashed off to the right, and 
they scoured the lawn iu le»s than n minnte. 

A cry of horror from Baby ( He hod foond the body oi a womoa 
iliiatiug in a pool of the river, bead downwards. 

lie dashed into the water dire«tly, and drew it to the bank : DocUir 
Amlxiyne helped lum, and they got it out on dry land. The (aec ww 
^lastly: the body still. 

" Tom her face downwards," said Amboyne, " give her every 
Carr>- her gently." 

One took the FihonldorB, tho other tho feel ; they carried Iwr do*ly 
aud laid lior ^tmOy down before ihu fire. 
Hi I'piog marble. 

L^ing lightly round hpr, revealed t4«r i)tAn>iI>nt>. fur 
) mould 



POT jaoasaxa ix ms flaob. 


Anibo^oo knooled orer iior, eoarchiog, in vnia, for some sign of Ufa, 

" Oh I " said he, " i< it possible that such a creature bb tliis eao be 
eut off in its prime ? '' 

" Dead I " cried Kaby, LrombUuK all over. •' Ob, God forbid 1 One 
of hor ancestors suved a Baby's life in battle, ouotber sared a Baby 
ia a foaming 0ood : and I coaldn't save bor in a dead pool ! HUe 
is the Uftt of that loyal race, and I'm the last Baby. Farefrell Deuce I 
Forewull Raby ! " 

Whilst he bonionned her Ihas, aud his teiirs nctoally dripped npon 
hor palo face, Amboyue dot««tod a slight ^aivoriug io the drowued 
vumao's throat. 

*' Hagh ! ■' said be to Raby. 

There was a piur of old-fafihioned bellowH by tlio side of Uio fire ; 
Amboyue ftuizod Uitmi, aud opvuod JaeVn nioulh wilb more easo than ho 
exppcted. " That is a good sigo," said he. 

Uo inflated the bellows, and insertbd the lube very carefully ; IbL^u ho 
diacharged the air, then ^uily Bucked it buck ngaio. When be bad dona 
Ibifl suvural times, somoUuDg like a «igh escaped from Juel'ii broast. The 
Doctor removed the bctlovs. and felt her heart, iin<] cxamiocd her oyoy. 
" Carious t " eaid ho. " Give me some brandy. It is more liko Hyocopo 
IhiiCi druwutug.'' 

Actiug oo this notion bo laid bor flat on ber back, and applied neat 
brandy to hor nostrils and ears, 

Aitor tt while she moved her whole body like a wounded suako, and 
mooned feebly. 

lUby ntlored a loud shout of joy. " She la sared 1 " be cried. " She 
ia Bavod I " He jumped about the room liko a boy, and, anxious to do 
something or other, was for ringing up thefemnle sen-onts. Hut Amboyne 
would not h(.-»r of it. '■ On the contrnr}-," Aaid be, " lock tbe door, and 
let only you and X see the poor girl's distress, when she comoa back tu 
this bitter world. Baby, don't yon shot your eyes to tbe truth. Xbia 
was no accident." 

" I am afraid not," said Kaby. ** She knows Lbo water as well as I 
do ; and Hhe picked out the de«pe8t bole : poor girl I poor girl ! " 

He then (uked Amboyne in a wbispor what he thought she would do, 
when abe camo to her senses. 

" Impossible to say. She may be violent, and if so, wu flhnll bnve 
enaagh io do to bold her. They toll mo she tlirew that workman like a 

At this moment .Tool Btrtitched her great arm-i and sdgbed. The 
movumeut, though gentle and fomiuine, bad a grandeur and freedom that 
only goes with power. 

Tbe Doctor lowered his voice to a whisper. " She is a good Cbristiim, 
ftnd most likely sbo will be penitent, and then she will cry hor heart out. 
ny way she is pretty sure to be hysterical, so mind luid be ftrm as well 



OB kind. Tli«ro, bor colour is coming hack. Xov put yomMlf in her 
place. You and I iquhI call this lui Accident, BUck to thai thtxtagU thick 
nnd thin. Ah, sbo is cominj; ronnd fast. Bhc shall sea von Br^. Yoa 
take lior right hand, and look at her vitJi all tha pit; and ktodiioss I am 
sure yoa feel." 

Mr. Rjibr took Jnors btuicl in both bin, and fixed hb oy^s on hot with 
pity mid imxiwly. 

Bhi c&me to her senses, and stared at him ft long time. 

Then sho looked down at her wet clothes. Then sho Bnatehod htt 
haud ftwny, and covered her fsoo with both band^, and began to rock aai 
monn, and Bunlly turui>d rfiund and hid her faco againiit the very floor, o 
if Bbe_ would grovel and borrow bto it. 

"Are yoa better, my dear '? " said the tloctor, qtiietly. 
' Ko reply. And the face still cm^htid agninfit th<} floor. 

"llie next time you Diiut away, dou't let it ha on the banks of a 
rivor. You hnro been going too long without food *, nud you fidnt«d 
away, and fell into the rtver. Luckily it was not very deep, or it miglil 
have been serians. Yon bar« given ns a fine fnght. I can tell yon." 

\MuIe these words were botug uttered, Jne], who did not ndsB a 
syllable, began to look very, very, bIowIv round with scared and trooblsd 
eyea, and to defend hsrself. "I remembor nongtit," aaid she. doggedly. 
" Who took me oul ? "* 

" Mr. Raby." 

Sbo looked timidly at him, and Baw bis wet clothes. 

" Ob, Ki|uire, why did you Kpuil your elulbea fur mo ? " and she laid 
her h>.'nd on bis knee, and began to cry. 

" My clothes ! " said Raby. ** The girl wants to break my heart." 

" Eb, dear ! and I've spoiled the beautiful carpet,'' said Jacl, pit«onsIy. 

" I> — n tbi) eaq>etl " said Riiliv, nearly blabbering. 

All tlii^ .time Anihoyue was putting hiin<;t>ir iu Jael Pence's plaoe. 

'* Is there a good tiro in her room ? " asked ho, with a significant look. 

lUby took the hint, and said ha would go and see, 

Afl soon as bo was out of the room, the transmigi'ator bognn to telk 
Toiy fart tn Jael. " Xuw look here, Jael, that ponr iiuin ix alone in Iho 
world now, and very sad ; he nunU yon to keep his boutte for him : be 
kuu Uwn Bending tneasogw all day after yoa, and 3'onr room haa bean 
ready uver so long." 

" My room in this hooBe I " 

" Yes. But wo oould uut find }*ou. However, hiini yoQ are. Now 
yon must not go bank Ut the farm. Tlu^ po<ir Bqnire wou't ho c]uiU> so «ad 
if he seH yon abont liim. You know be was always fond of ran Jicoeea. 
Xoa ahooM haro seen him ciy over yon Jnst dow, when ho thought yen 
were dead." 

'* I tun more cared for than I thought," said Jacl, sodly. 

' ' Yos, bat not more than yoa deserve, my dear.' ' Ho dipprd n e[inT^» 
wkc tu ivtiio. " ObUtfs me by e«ting that." 



rut YounsF.u is; uis place. 

Bh0 took it BulimissiTely. 

"Now anoUier." 

Bbe ate uioLiier, aud a Uiird. 

"It's n Tory nicked laes you are bo good to," enM Bbo, softly, aai 
Bomt; gentle tuom liv^iui to flow. 

*' Rtnff and Dooscnfic I " said Hie Doctor. ** What do 70a knov ibout 
wick«dneB8 9 I'm a better judge of liiat thau you, nod 1 say you are tlie 
best girl, and the most aoselfiBh girl m tlm world ; mid the proof is that, 
iutttBRil of sitting dowu aiid unniiiig your own grioJjs. you are going to 
pluok op courage, aod be a couiforl to poor Mr. Haby in his lotwly 

These words appeared to tttuk iolo .Tael'ii mind : she pat her hands to 
her bead, and poudored them. Perhaps she mi^jhl have replied to them, 
hut Raby came down, and ordered her to her apartment. 

Bhu took a step or two in that directioD. but prenently drew back and 
would not more. "The women folkl They'll see mo on the stair, this 

" Not they. Tboy are all in b«d." 

*4 Are they.eo 7 Then please let uo f^ to the kitchen for a dry cloth 
or two." 


*' To dry tbo rug a Ml. Just loek, what a mess Fro made T* 

'* I'll say it was the do};." 

'* Will you, though ? Oh, but you are a good fi-iend to me this night. 
Then I'll go. Let me vring my gown a bit, oot to mess the atoim as 

" No, no ; I'll take all the blurnt:. Will yoa go, or muat the Doctor 
and I oanry yua 7" 

** Nay, nay, thL<re'B 00 need. Your will is tny pleasure, sir." 

So Mr. Itoby showed JucI (o her room, and opened a great wardrobe, 
ud tiMk out several armsfol of antique female habiliments, and flung them 
on the Hoor; lioh Telvetti, more or ksa faded, old brocades, laco scarves, 
chcQUHL'H with lace borders ; m sboi-t, an aL-ccimuIntioa of euutoritss. Ho 
soon erected a mound of thceo tilings in the middle of thf floor, and told 
her to wear whut she liked, hut to be sure and a!r thu things well lirut ; 
"for," said he, "it is a hundred years or so siucv th«y went on any 
woman's back. Kow, say your prayers like a good girl, and go to bod." 

"Ay," said Jael, solemnly, "I shiiU say my prajerB, yon may be 

As hv left the room she smd, in a sort of pultent wy, " Good Squire, 
I am >viUiug to live, since you are so lonely.'' 

f&C yooasEi^F IN HIS place. 


Eahly next uiorDio',' Mr. Baby was disturbed by femnic toicch in s liigh 
key. Ha upencd lih window qnietly, intcndiug to tbrow in his bass 
witb stfirUiu^ olFL-ct. when, to bis suq)rise, be found Uio dieputoote wore 
bis daiiyniaid luid Jiwl Duncu. 

" Aud wbu «re yoii Ibnt iulorforoa witb mo in my work? Wbero do 
yo\i couio from ? Did ye got in over the wall ? Tor ye never caino iu at lift 
door. Who nre you ? " 

" I am one tbat won't see the good Bqnire wronged. Aren't ye 
EBbaniod ? VHioi, cat bis bread, aud take his wage, and then Bteul his 
butter 1 " 

" If ye call mo a Ibief, I'll Uw yo. Thief yourself I yon don't bcbmg 
to Ibo liouHti ; whoM gown Imve you got on your back ? Here, James I 
Tom I hiire'9 a strange woinau making oil' with tbo Stpire's lady's clothes, 
and two pounds of buUcr to boot," 

Joel WAS taken nbnck for n morocnl by Ibis audooiona Attack, uad 
surveyed ber burrowed bnbiUmcnts witb a blasb of canfnidoD. Scrernl 
servants came nbont at tbe noise, and her situation bade fair to be a very 
ttopleasant one : but Mr. Kaby put in bis word ; " Hold your tongues, all 
of ye. Xow, Jacl Dence, wbnt is tbe matter?" 

IiiBtautly all eyes were turned up t(» tbo window witb a start, and Joel 
told her tale : " Sir," said she, '* 1 did see tbiit young woman take out 
something from under her apron, and give it to a little girl. I thoo^t 
Uiero was something amiss, and I stopped tbo girt at tbe gate, and ques- 
tioned her what sbu was carrying oS so sly. She gives a tupioak aud drops 
it directly, and takes to her heels. I took it up aud brought it iu. and 
here it is, two beautiful pounds of butter, freeh cbunied ; look else I "— 
here she undid a Imen wrap, aud diHpbivL-d tlie butter — "ao I challenged 
tbe dairy-maid bcre. She says I'm a tbicf, — and that I leuvo to yon, 
Squire ; you know whether I como of thieves or huuest folk ; bnt what I 
want to know from her is, why her lass dropped tho bnlter and look to 
bur heels at a word ? " 

" Now, my good Jael," said Ibc Squire, " if you arc going to interfrre 
every time you catcb my servHnts pnfi'ring, ynn will have a hard timo of 
it. However, zeal is too nre a thing for me to diseoarago it. 1 must 
makd an eiample. Hy, you young woman : I daresay j*ou are no worso 
than the rest, but you arc the ono that is found out ; so you muA pack 
op your clothes, aud begone." 

"Xot without A month's warmug, or a moalh'i wagPi bit, if yoa 
please." said the dairymaid, portly. 

" U I cjttcb you in tbe bousv wbeu T come dotni. I'll send yoB to 
prison, oQ my ovnt warrant, with tho batter lied round yuor nock." 

At tliis diroful Umiat tho oSvnJer began to blubber, ami ^iMMlQy 
iliiiippcnrod U\ pack hor box. 

^Ir. llaby Uiun told the other setTantJi that Jaal DoDOO was tbo luw 



PITT YotmsEu IN ma n.ACE. 

botuckcopor. and that a por»on of hor duneter was oviiloDtly required m 
tiielinnse; thoy mnHt all treat bcr with respect, orlctiTehis soirice. Thero- 
upOD two gave warning, and Mr. Rnbj, who never keptanervant n day afl«r 
that serriiut bad giroD him waraing, bad tb^m up to Lis r<M>m, aod paid tbem 
A tnoDtb's wages. "And novr," tiud be, " for Lb« booour of Ibo Louho, 
don't hvre nsfastiDf; ; but catn i^ood breslvfiisl, and tbca go to the dovil." 

At bis ovm brcnkfant he relnted the incident U* Doctor Amboyne, witb 
R cfaiirnct£ristic comment : " And tbo fools say there is nothing in race. 
So Ukclr. that of ull animals man alone sboold be exempt from thi- law 
of natm-o 1 Take a drowuiu}^ watch-dog out of the vater uud put him 
in n BLrangc bonsc ; be is soarecly dr)' before ho sets to work lo protect 
it. Take a drowninj; Dcnco into your bouiw, iind she h up with Ibo Inrk 
to loob after jour iuierests. That (-irl connive and let tbo man be robbed 
whose roof shelters her ? She amhlnl ; it is Dot in ber blood. I'm afrnid 
thflro'H to be a cmsade against petty larceny in this bmiw, and more row 
abont it than it ia worth. No matter ; I shall support ibo rrn&nJor, nn. 
principle. It is not for me to check honest impnlses. nor in Bgbt against 
caturo in almost the only thing where she comnuuKls my rexpcct." 

" Very well," caid tbo Hoctor, "that ii; settled: so now let us talk 
of soiuelbiog more important. Uow aro we to got your sister, iu her 
delicate state, (rom Wales to this place ? " 

" Why I will go for ber myself, to be snre." 

" Raby, Tonr heart is in the right place, afUir all. Bnt, %ben slin 
is hero, bow ore wc to concual her luihappy son's fate from bur ? Zt will 
be more difficalt than ever, now Joel Dence is in the boase." 

" Why so ? We must t«ke the girl into our coulliIeDce ; Ibst is all." 

" Tbo sooner the better then. ns bave her in here." 

Jael WAS sent for, and Mr. linby requested her to toko a seat, and 
give all ber attention to aomuthing Doctor Amboyne bad io say. 

Doctor Amboyue then told her, with qniet earuestuesB, that Xrs. Lilllo 
was at present so ill and weak ba fi'lt hoto tbo news of Henr^-'s dcutb 
would kill her. 

•' Ay, poor son) I " said Jael, and began to «y bitterly. 

The Doctor held bis pcaec, and oa.'it a discousolato look on Itaby, 
as mneb as to say " We shall get no elTtctenl aid iu this quarter." 

After ft liUle while .rod dried ber eyes, and said, " Go on. sir. I must 
needs crv before yon now and then: 'tisn't to say 1 shall over crj- before hrr." 

" Well, then, if wo cim get her safe to this place, and keep her in ibo 
dark for n few months, I think we may sATe ber life. Kvorytbing else 
will bo iu her favonr here : her untive air, cherisbod memories, her 
brother's lore — and, aftur all, it was fretting alioiil her qiinml with him 
that first nndermitied ber boalUi and apirita. — WvU, we eball rruioro the 
rjtose, nod then perhaps tbo effect may go. But bow aro we to keep the 
said Lrutb from her ? " 

** Let mo think," said Joel Denoe, " My head is a deal clearer etnce 



She leaned ber cliin itpmi lier baud, aotl ber face and bnnr 
signs of mttillectaal power no one had erer observed in thom before. 
*' Who ui to go for hfir ? " e«d Bhe at lant. 
** I am going mjBuIf." 

" Tbttl itj n mistako at (rtarting, boRsing your worship's pardon. "VTbv, 
tbo Tory sigbt of yon might starUu bor iiito ber gnivc. Nay. you'll give ma 
tbc nioDcy — for minft is all in the Savings Bank — and I Bbnll go for ber 
myself. I abnU tell ber Si)niFo is longing for her, and that Vm to bo ben 
for fear aho mighl fei'l t^tnuigo. She always liked mv, poor hoa\. 1 aball 
got ber uifo hero, you noodn't fuar for Ibat. But, wbou she is hero " — Ike 
cbiu rciBted ou tbe hand again — '* well, the Doctor mast forbid viNitam. 
Mira Orace rauai bo told not to write. ^Tery nowapaper mn»t be read 
before ehe is allowed to see it. And, Sgairc, yon will bs tbij kind to ber 
when yoQ are in ber company ; bat we moBt managei eomebow or otbi 
bo that yon eim koop nut of ber way." 
*' What for, in Heaven's name ? " 

"Sir, wc shall hare to tic from mom to night; and you will be a 
bungler at that, sariug your presence. If tbtmi's a Borrant lull in the 
house who kuovTB, I'd give that &er^-at)t a proBont, and [vart with her l<cfi 
Mrs. liittle Bctfi ber foot in tbe bouse." 

"This Houudn vory fieuKible," fwlU Raby. "t nm n novin^ iit lyinj 
But 1 sbntl cnltirat« the art for poor Kditb's aako. I'm not a fanatic : 
there !« justifiable Uonucide. bo why not jnatifiablo facUcide ? " 

"Ituby," said the Doctor, "tbia young woman luu aoid enoa^ to abow 
TOO tbnt she is more fit to conduct Ibis delicate uudertaking tbau mtber 
you or I, Let us pro6t by the discovery, put our vanity in our p«»rket, 
and give her tbe command. My dear, you see the imiK)ri«Qce : yon svo 
the difficulty : now will yon niidertako it?" 

" I will, sir," said Jael, firmly ; •* and I look to Buccwd, Ood willing. 
I shall bo in WatoK tliis afternoon." 

" Well, bat would yon not bo tbo better yourself fur one day's 

*' No, etr. Tto learned, with a sad heart, what one day may bring 
foilb. After that, I'm sworn never to throw away a day. And, as tot 
Fitting down and thinking, 'tis tbo worst thing I can do. 1 do tb&nk 
(Jod tliftt in this, tny own heavy trouble, I'm not li«l to my Had Ihongbte. 
but can get al/out, and do a bttio bit of good for Kaby House. Do vhat 
I will, 'tis but giving them back one pig oat of their own farmw ; for we 
owe all we have to them." 

Witb Lbia she retiriNl to prepare for her jotiraey, leaving both (be 
^H gBQllemen lost in admimtiun of her siinple virtnca, and tbo claar uitdlli- 
^^ genoe abe bad abown tbrm In few words. 

V &b« tnrelled into Wales that very day, and many a bunt of bitter 

^^^^Kiof 6bo bnd all by ! ' tbo train. 

^^^^B At MX I'.u. sbo ■ I'lro &lra. IJttlo wiib a smiUiDg counteiiaiioe. 


rrr younsEU in nis I'Lace. 


"Good news, madjun," Bai<] Jnel. "Sqniro Ilnbj has sent mo to 
bring yon in llahy Hull. Ho uaulvd to como limisclf ; but I wodIiI uot 
kt him." 

*' That ie good news," ssiA Mra. Liitlc, laognidly. " No<tv I shall die 
at peaeo with mj brother, hi p«iice vith uU mankuid, I bopo." 

** You'll die wht>n joar time ronaes," sftid Jai>l. " Bat you b&TO got 
ft shortor joomoy before yoa nt present, ami Umt ia to Rxvbj lisll." 

" Rnlnr H«]| ! I shall sorer sc« ik Again. I have no atnuigth to 
more. I am worn out with tho battle of lifo. Stay vith me horo, tvoc 
clow my «yeB.'* 

** Of course I shall Btay with yon," said Jael, and began to KOfltrip 
iritb every appcuraoco of carelasRQcsa. 

Next moruTDg, nilh inttnit« difficulty, she persuaded the poor jaan- 
dict.>d lady to shov ber Aborytitwith. She lonk the tickets hervolf, kikI f^i 
her paUonI holfn'ny to Hlllsborougb. Nc-xt dnr, \iritb lusa ditlicully. to 
Baby Halt. All had beon settled bcforo. Edith Little was ehofm into 
bor old bf!<lroont, adorned with pvnuutdB of flowers lu ht^r honour ; and 
there sbo found a loYing lino fi-om Guy, bogging her pardon for bis paet 
barnhneKH, nnd trlliu^ ber sbo was to send fur him as soon as yhe folt 
strong enough to moot. 

That crenhig, brother and siiitcr were clottped In each otbcr'a arms, 
and mpt tears of aBection and regret over each other. 

Juel Deuce slept on o cump-liod in Mrs. Little's room, which woh very 
ftpufiouH, am) n'uti'la'd her, ami was always uliout hor. Under private 
ndvicn from Doctor .\mbo^'Dc, she eupcniiti-ndcd ber patioufu dift, and, 
by oofl indomitable perseverance, compelled ber to walk erery day, and 
fight against bor fatal lassitnde. 

Uearen rewarded ber by giving ber a warm and tender aHection for 
her poor patient, that did something to fill her own yearning and deeolato 

Hftro I must leave them both for the preseatf and abow bow these 
events affected the mom chiuiicters of my story. 


9tinr onteiile the Utile Boaside town of Eootbank is a house, n-hjrh, 
being very old, vuutrasts agreeably with the protenttoos villna faxhion has 
raised. U ia roomy inaide, yet ontaido it looks like a cottage ; low, ram- 
bling, gabled, and pictureMjuc. It tttands on a slope jnst above the son, 
and its front gordon runs don-n almost to the seaabore. The aspect 
is southerly. The ploeid sea looks like n bcauUrul lake ; for, alwut 
two miles out, a great tongue of land rnns acroe^, and keeps the tem- 
posts out, 

The cottage iUelf wan now clothed deep with green ereepers, and ita 
Teraodah with lensumino ; and tho low white walk of the garden wei 



tenutifiil with Tme-loaves iui<l bngo ^-learcst tlint nut tip Ihom ami abonl 
tlieni. Hiid wiivetl over thpm iu tropical Inxuriance. Iii ftboK, the bouse 
was ft very bower, nud looked tbc nbodc of bliBs ; and tbia lime luit year 
a Tonng couple bod spout their boueymoon there, and left it with a aijib. 
But ntie plAco seen many tainAa ; and now this sweet place ivas the bed, 
(Ilk wbirb drmipi'd tbu bnikcu lily of this tulo, Graee Cordon. 

Sbo Uy in the wurm air of the verundnh, and tnroeil. bor bolliw eyca 
upon the sea ; aiid even day life crept eJowIy back to her youn^j body, bat 
ool to her deeobtte heart. 

A brain ferei- either kills or blunts : and Grace's ogouy was blnntod. 
Her miod was in a strange state. 8he wan beginning to look two things 
in the fiice : Unit Ibo lunn she loved woh detid ; that Uio man »\iv lorodi 
and hod nearly died for, bad loved another as well as herself: and Ibis 
ItLdt fjivf, Rlriuige to say, was the saving of her. She forgavo him with 
all her heart, for ho was deiid ; she made excnses for lum, for eiw Inved 
Itim ; but, Kiuce hui whole heai't hnd not been hers, her pride and uiodimly 
rebelled againsi dying for him, and bIio resolved to live ; she fnnght hard 
to lire and get well. Finally, being a very- woman, though a noble one, 
she bated Jael Donee. 

She was not alone in the worid. Her danger, her illness, and bor 
misery, bad shown her the trensure of a father's lino, lie bad found this 
sweet bower for her ; and here he sat for hours by h«r side, with his fau4 
in here, gazing ou bur vi'iLh touching anxiety and ulTuction. Bnjuuess 
contpolied him to mn into HillslKinHigb now and tbf>n ; bnt be despalclied 
it with feverish haste, and camo bock to her : it drove him to London ; 
but be telegraphed to her twice a day, and was miserable till he got lack. 
8ho saw the man of husinemi tamed into a man of love Ibr her, and she 
folt it. "Ah, papii." she said one day, " I little thought yon loved your 
poor tirace ho mnch. You don't love any other cliild but me, do yon, 
papa?" and with tfaifi question she clung wei-ping mund bis neck. 

*' Hy darting child, there's nothing on oartb I love but you. When 
&bull 1 see you smile again?" 

*• In a few years, perhnps. God knows." 

One ereuing — bo bad been in Uillsbomagb that day— ho said, *• 
dear. I have seen an old friend of your* today, Hr. Coventry. Ho askwt 
very kindly after you." 

Grace mailo no reply. 

" Ho is almosl as pale as yon are- He has been yery ill. lie telhi ma. 
And really, I believe it was your iUneu upwt him. " 

" Poor Mr. Coveuiry ! " said Oraoe, but with u leaden oir of 

'• I hope I didn't do wrong, hut when he asked after yoa ■•■ — "^"-i«ly^ 
I said. * Come, tod see for yourself.' Oh, you ne»l not loo;. •! ; 

bo is not coming. Ha nays you ar« oflendvd with him." 



" Not I. What is Mr. CoTentrj- to me 7 " 

" WoU, hu tbtiilu so. He Buyn lio was Letrayod into Dpenking ill to 
yoTL of some one who, he tbonght, was linug ; find nov timt vrciglis opon 
his coDscienco." 

*■ I aiu noderstnad that. I ftm misernble, bat lot me ti; tad bo just ; 
pupa, ^^r. Coveotiy was tiiriDg to comfort me, in his clumsy way ; and 
what hu Buld 1x0 did Dol invent — he heard it ; and bo mnnT people luiy so, 
that I — T — oh, papa I papa I " 

Mr. CardcD dropped the m-IioIo subject directly. 

IIowL-rtT, she ruturced to it tiorself, aud saiJt listlessly, that Mr. 
Comntrr, in her opinioQ, had ahown more geocroeity tbAu most poopto 
would in his cRSo. &Lc bad no feoliug against him ; bo wiui of no mora < 
importuupc, in her eyes, than that stool, and bo might visit her if ho' 
plniNcd, )iiit ou one coiidiUuo, thiit hu should for^L-l lUl the past, and 
never presume to epenk to her of love. " Lovo ! Mvd are oil incapable 
of it." &lie was thinking of Ueory, even while she was speaking of 
his rival. 

1'he i^tormicision, thus limited, was conveyed to yit, Coveulry by his 
fricod Cnrdcn ; bat he showi-d no harry to take advantage of it ; and, ua 
for Grace, she forgot she bad given it. 

Bat this coobees of Coventry's was merely apparent. He was only 
wftitiuK thn arrivid of Patrick I^lly from Irelond. This Lully w.-ia an old 
and conQdfiilia! ecrvnot, who bad ner^'ed him furmerly in many intrigues, 
U)d with whom he bad parted rutuciautly Humu months ago, and allowed 
bim a stead pension for past acnicos. Uo dared not leave Lbe villa in 
chnrfic of any {>erKOo luss devutud to him tbim this Lolly. 

Tbc man arrived at liist, received minoto instructions, and thou 
Mr. Coventry went to KasUwik. 

He found what seemed the ghost of Groco Cordcn, Iving on the sofii, 
looliing on the sea. 

At Lhu sight of her bo started buck in dismay. 

" What have I done ? " 

Those stnmge words feU ftxfm bim before he knew what he was saying. 

(jiueo heard them, bat did not take the trouble to inquire into their 
meaning. She said, doggedly, " I am alive, yon see. Kotbiug killH. Jt 
is woDdorful : we die of a fall, of a blow, of swallowing a pin ; yet I am 
alive. Bnt, never mind me ; yon look unwell yoorsclf. What is tlte 

" Can you ask mo ? " 

At IhiH, which impliud that hor illness was tbc canse of his, she tnmcd 
her head away from bim with weariness and disgust, and locked at the 
set, and tltonght of the dead. 

Coventry sat spcoehless, and eyed her ailent figure with misorablfl 
devotiuu. He was by ber side once more, and uo rival near. Ho set 
Umulf to study all her moods, and be^ by beiug inoffensive to her; in 
tim« ho might be something more. 

TOL. XXI. — vo. 128, li. 



Ho spent four days in Easlbauk, aud norer utt«red A word of lore ; 
Uut Lis 8o/l BOoUiipg Totod was ever in hur oar, &nil wod her atiouUoD now 
nud tbeo ; not ofVen. 

AVlieu he left her, sho did not aslc him to como ngiuD. 

Hor fniluT did thoueh, and told him to be pntiont ; hotter lUrn wtc ia 
store. " Giro her time," said ho, " aad, a mouth or two Uoucu, if y 
bikva tbo same feeling for hor 70a used to bavo " 

*'I lov? her more timn ever. I worship her " 

" Then yoD will hare me on joor sid(», strungor than OTor. But jo' 
moKt f^ra her time." 

And now Corentry had an ally far more powerful titan bimsvlf, ao tM} 
ai onco 7«aloa9 and jndicions. Hr. Cnrden cuateuted himstrlf, at ibfit,' 
witli praisiuj; bim in general torms ; next bo nfluctcd to biagh at bim fo 
reiitinjf tbc viLln, mcrolj to be in tbo plaoe which Grocu biul oi'di^iioj. 
Then Grace defended bim. " I>ou't laoj^b at an honest lore. Pity it. I 
is all we can do ; and tbo least we can do." 

But, wbcD be advanced farther, and began to remind his dau{;btor afao 
had once given this gentleman faopeji, and all bnt engaged herself to bini, 
she drew bftck mth fe^ir and rcpugnanco, and said, " If bo cannot toigia 
that, pray let him nerercomo near me again." 

*' Ob." said Mr. Carden, " I helieve be has no Iinpcs of the Icind ; U t 
of you I aui tbinkiug, not of him. It has got about thai poor Ijittl<i> bad 
A connection with 9omo girl in hntuble lifio, and tliat bo was in love wi 
hoTf and yon in love with bim. That wounds a father's pride, and makoa 
mo gratefol to CoTeoLiy for Ids imsbakon devotion, vbilet otbcrt anyi 
Rueering at my poor child fur hur iwioccut lore." 

Grace writhed, and the tears ran down bor chocks at this. " Oh, sporo 
tbo dend," idiQ faltc-rt^d. 

Xbcn hor fnlbcr kissed hor, and begged her to forgive bim ; he wodU 
avoid all these topics in future : and so ho did, for somo timo ; bat what 
be had said rankled. 

A low days after this, Coventry camo again, and did uolbiug bat sootfao 
Grace with wonls ; only ho uianaged so tliat Grace sbotdd det4Wt ^w"* 
looking very sad, vboa be was not actually employed in ehearing hor. 

She began to piiy bim a HtUo, and wonder at bis dovotion. 

Ho had not hocu gone many hours nbon another visitur arrived qnile 
nnexpeotodly, — Mr. Baby. He cauo to toll her Jiis own news, and w&riL 
her of Ibe diiBcolt game they wore now playing at Itnby Halt, that alw, 
might not thwart it inadrertently. 

Graoe was much agHated, and ebcd tears of sympathy. She proabod, 
wilb a sigh, to bold no cummunicatiou with Mrs. Little. Bhe thuogbt it 
very hard, bat ahe promiit^il. 

In the course uf bin narrative, Mr. Baby ^Hiko very highly of Ja«t 
Pcneu, aud of 1 ' ' ' ' rnuUer, 

To thii^ Gn. tibd waited bur oppoctimily and 

ke«nly and coldly, ** How did abo como to bo in your hooMt t " 



PUT yoi;b8Elp in ma n.AOS. 

'»• Well, tbat 18 a socrol." 

" Cau yoQ not tniBt tno with a secret ? " 

"Oh TfiB," Baiil Rahy, "itroviileil yon n-Ul |jromifie fiuthftilly to tell 


Grac^j promisiHl, and ho thca told her that Jncl Douco, in a moment 
of desi^oratioD, had thrown hore«If into the river ai the baok of liis hoose. 
" PiMir (^rll " Raid ho, "her Wiiin was not right at tlio time. Heaven 
keep Ds nil from thoso momeDts of despair. Hho has got over it now, 
and nnrecs nod watches dij p^or sinter more like n mothfT nratohing hnr 
child than a jonnjt wouuui toJung care of iin old one. She ia the main- 
apriu}; of the house." 

At all this, Qnuo turned from piUo to vrhito, but sud nothing: and 

by nrn on in praise of Jucl, liltlo dreaming whnt pain hia wonis 

NVhiin he loft hor, she rofle and walked down to Iho f^oa ; for her 
tortared spirit ^nvo hor body cuei^. Hitherto (the fuond Hho had only 
sn^pecled ; now she was enro. Hitherto she had feared Honn,' Little liad 
lovi'd Jaul Dtiucti a little ; now she was sure he had loved hor best. Jael 
DoDca would not have attempted self-dc«tra«tion for any man unlusa 
he loved her. The very aet proved h«r claim to him more olofiuently 
thau words oould do. Xow Fh« behoved all — Ihu anonyrnons letter 
— Mr. Covoutry'fi ruport — the womni's words, who worlttd iu the samo 
fucliiry, and could not ha deceived, And her very godiather accepted 
Jaol Pence and her claim to sympathy : she vas taken into his house, 
and set to Dorse Uenry Little's motbai' : poor Oraeo waa slighted on alt 
sides ; she must not ovon write to filrs. Littio, nor take part in tho piuus 
fiilst'hood they were ooucocting together, Rnhy and his Juol Dence, wlinm 
everybody lo\od best, — everybody except this poor faithful ill-osed wix'tch 
Frederick Oorentry ; and him she hated fur Loving her better than tho 
man she loved had loved her. 

Tendor, hot very proud, this ssnsitiTe creature saw herself detbronod 
from her luvu. Jnol Dence had eclipsed her iu every way; had saved his 
liffl with her strong arm, hod almost porisfabd with him ; and bad tried to 
kill herself when ho was dead. She- was far behind Uiis rivnl in ever)'- 
thing. She had only loved, and sotfercd, and nearly died. " No, no," 
she said to herself, ** she could not love him hotter than I did : hot hn 
lured Act best ; and sbu kuuw it, and that mode bcr arm strong to fij^bt, 
and her heart strong to die for him. I am uohtidy ; nothuig." Then the 
Ecalding tcani run down her cheeks, 

But soon her priJe got the upper hand, and dried her ehecks, and 
nearly maddoued hor. 

She began lo blusb for her love, to blosh for her illness. She rose 
into that stale of cmsperatiou in wbieh ponsons of her sei do things they 
look buck ttpoo with wonder, and, strange to say, all thin without ooe 
unkind thoo^ht of him, whose fimlta she saw, but excused — he was dead. 

Bbu now began lo strag)^ visibly, and violently, against hor deadly 



sorrow. She forced herself to lako walks nnd rides, aod to lulk, witli 
nothing to bbjt. flho ovun tnod to Uagh now and then, bhe made violi 
oSbrts to bo graoiooB and pitiful to Mr. CoTontrj ; and Uio noxt mioQi 
mode him solTor for it, hy Ircntin^ him hko a troDhloaonie buuDil. 

Ho loved her luadly, yot, Bomotimos, he felt tempted to kill her and 
end both her tortaro and bis own. 

Snob wiM the inner life of Grace Cardon for maoj days ; devoid 
Ktriltin^ inridt^nt, yat well worthy of &tudj bv those who car*' lo p' 
below thu ijiirriu:o, and sco what passes in tho hoarts of the oiihappir, 
to learn how things como gradoall^r aboot. that soqnd incrediblu wIwq 
Kt> traced ; yot aro natoriU and almost inentable restUu of certain «i 
Uicting passions ia a virgin heart. 

Ouo day Mr. Garden telographod from Londra to Mr. Coventry at 
HiUsborongh, that he was coming down to Eastbank by Uio midday 
express, and wonld bo glad to meet him there nt four o'cIt>ck, He also 
tel^raphed to Grace, and said. " Dinner at five. ' 

Both gentlemen arrired about the same time, a little before dinner. 

Soon afWr dlnuor was orcr, Grace obsonred a reelleBfinetis in her fhther'i 
manner, which convinced hor he had Fnmething priTftlo to any to Mfi 
CovcDtry. Her suspicions were orotuied : she fancied he was going to 
eoeoarage 3ir. Coventry to court her. Instantly the whole woman wu in 
arms, and her lore (or the dcecasod came msbing back tenfold. She 
roM, soon aft«r dinner, and retired to the drawing-room ; hut, as soon as 
she got there, ehc slipped qoictly into the verandah, nnd lay softly down 
npon her conch. The dining-room window was opeii« and, with her 
«tin, she could bear nearly every word. 

She soon found that oU her bitterness and her prepemlion for hi 
were wasted. Her father was tclliu^i Mr. Coventry the Btoiy of Hii 
Martin; only he carried it n fit«p farther than I hare done. 

'MVell, sir," said he, "the money had not been paid more than 
month, when an insomnco office down at Liverpool commnnteated with n 
Tho same game had been played with Ibcm ; but, snmehow, tlie: 
mspicionB were excited. We compared notes with thom, and set de 
to wurk. They traced Martin's confederate's, and found one nf them tnu 
in prison, awaiting bis trial for some minor offcuce. Thtfy woriced on him, 
to tell the tmth, (I am afraid they componnded,) and ho let oat the 
wbolo tmth. Kvery one of thoeo villiiins r-oold awim Ukc ducks, and 
Richard M>rlin like a fish. Drowned ? nnt he : be had floated iktwn 
Greenwich or somewhere^the blnckgnord; and hid luusolf. And w 
do you think tbe tniscrDfints did next ? Uoii^bl a deud marine ; and 
him down in a box to some low pnhlic-bouiu] hy Urn Hn*t«rfidf>. Tlirr 
a sapper, and droasod their mariup in Itichard Martin's luid 

ahared its wbisken, and broke its tooth, ami sM it up in a wU^. <..ih 
lftbl« before it, and a pot of alo, and lulenod a pipe in its moolh ; an 



tlier kepi toasting this (;basUT corpse its tlio thing that was to make all 
theii' fortuneB."— At this grotcsqae and horrible picttire, a sigh of honor 
vas littered in tho veriuidah. Mr. Carden, occnpied vith his narrative, 
did not hear it, but CoTootry did. — " Then, when it was pitch dark, they 
staggered down to the water with it, and planted it in the wced». And, 
mark the cunning I when they had gone through their farce of reeognizin, 
it pohliclj for Hicbard Martin, they bribed a chnrchwarden and buried if' 
nnder our very ntwes : it wub all done lu a wey to take in the very devil. 
There's no Iliehnrd Martin ; there never was n Kicfaard Martin ; there 
never will he : all thi» was contrived aaA eieciit^d by a swindler well 
known to the police, only they can't catch him ; he is here, and there, a&&' 
evi;ry%*here ; they call him ' HhiAiy Dick.' Ho and hin m^Tmidons Imv6 
bled the ' Goeshawk ' to the tone of nine hundred pounds." 

He drew hia brenth and proceeded more calmly. "^However, a los: 
of this kind is never thrown away upon a public man : and it has given ma 
some rerycorioua ideas about another matter. You know what 1 mean.'* 

Coventry fttared, and looked quite tpkuu aback by this sadden turn. 

However be uhinmiercd out, " I suppose yon mean, — but, really, 

I can't imagine what similnritV' " ho paused, and, inadvertently, bis 

eye glanced uneasily towards the verandah. 

*' Oh," said Mr. Carden, " these diaboUeal frauds are not done upon 
one pattern, or, of eourse, there would eood be au cud of lbi>Ir success. 
But, come now, what proof have wo ^ot ihnt what tbcy found in tbo river 
at Hillsborough vas the remains of Henry Little?" 

" 1 den't know, I am sure. Bat nobody eeema to doubt it. Tbo 
rituation, the clothes, the ring — eo m&oy voiucidencea." 

" That is 111! rei-y well, if there were no rogues in the world. B 
U]t?ru arc ; and I know it, to my cost. The * OtMisbawk ' has just lost' 
nine bandred pounds by not suspecting. It shall noi lose fivo thousand 
by the same weokneas ; I'll take care of that." 

He paated a moment, and thou proceeded to argne the matter: — 

" The very idea of an imposture hm never oeeurrcd to anylMwly — in 
Little's case : it did not occur to me, until this hnsinera of Shifty I>ick 
enlightened me. But, come now, just admit the idea of imposture into 

. honest, nnsuspicious mind of yours, and you'll find the whole thing 
a Very doubtful api>earaucu directly. A common workman — ho 
'vas no more at the time^ — insures his life, for bow much ? three buui 
poonds? no; 6vd thousand. Within one year alU-r that bo disappears, 
under cover of an oxpIoKion. Some weeks afterwards — about as many as 
the ilartin awiudle — there is fonnd in the river a fragment of humanity; 
on ano, and a hand, and a piece of n human trunk ; but no face, mind 
you : arms are pretty much alike, faces difll-r. The fragment is clad in 
brown twoed, and Little wore brown tweed : that is all very well ; but the 
ronrino was found dressed from head to foot in Shifty Dick's very clothes. 
But let us go pu. There wait a plain gold ring found on the band in 
UiJisborough river, and my poor daugbter bod given Littlu a plain gold 


flag. Bat irbat *raa thcro to binder an impostor from haying 
paaper'B body, aud pattiug a pluiu gold'riog on the band? \\hj, panpen' 
liodies are ooastantly sold, and Ibo fuucnil sorrioe ^ahblcd over a cofiul 
full of stoDefi. If I hiul papor and ink hcrt!, and could put Littlo'a caaa 
aud Martin '8 iu two coIoduib, 1 idiould Boon sbow yoa tliat ^lartin mnd his 
gang faced and oTcrcame more and greater difficultit^s in the way of] 
imposture than any that have bevn overcome in Little's caM. Tbo Martin 
gong dealt Tvill) the face; liere, tbat is shirked. Tbo Martin gang plantad 
A bcpdy, Qot a fragment. Does it not elriko you as very odd tbat tlic rut 
of Henry Little it; not to be found ? It may bo all right ; bat, of tbe 
luro, I incline to Ibink it is a plant, and tbnt some peisoo, colHug himielf 
the heir or assign of Liulu, will soon apply to tbo 'Goaahawk ' for fire 
tboiisfitnc] ponnils. Well, let biiu. I Bball \o6k on that p«>r>ou as the 
ageut of a liTiu^j miui, not tbe boir of a deail one ; and 1 BbuU tell Uim 1 
don't bcliere in arma, and abouldcrfl, and tvcod soiia, nnd plnin gold ■ 
rings — (why, wedding-rings are tbo Torj- things com'aron lati> from tbo 
pnblic at random to play hanky-punky with ; they are w like one another). 
I shull demand to seo tbc num'a fkee ; autl the mother ^^bo bore him 
must identify tliat face, before I will pay one iibilliug to hie htm iv 
assigna. I aiu waiting to aoe who will come forward and claim. Nobody 
moves; and Ifant is curious. Well, when tboy do, 1 ihall lio ready for, 
them. Vou look pale ! Bat no wonder : it is really no sabject for an 
after-dinuur couvuntution." 

CoTcutry wae palo iudeod, and bis miud all in a whirl oa to what ha 
Rhimld say ; for Mr, Corden'e angocity terrified him, and the ¥rorat of it 
nns be felt sure thiit Groco Cimleti beard uvt-ry word. 

At lost, howcrcr, his natural canning came to bis aid, uud he mode tt 
very artful speech, directed principally to his unaoen bearer. 

"Mr. Cardun," said be, " this seems to mo Tory abrowd; bat Rurtdy 
it fails in one respect : you leave the man's obaruoter uat of the account. 
Mr. Little caniv between mo and one 1 lore, and inflicted great misirry on 
me ; but I will try and be ju£t to him. I don't believe be wus aa impoBtor 
of that kind. Ho woe false in hive ; bo bad boon reared amongst work- 
men, Qod evt>rA'body eaye be loved a working-f^'rl more than be did your 
(hiuj'btcr ; but as for bis cbeating you, or any utber peiaoD oat of fin 
tboasand pounds, I can't beUcve it. They alt say he was as booefii a 
man, in money matters, as ever breathed." 

"You judge him by yourself. Beddei, men begin by deceiving 

!)mou> bat tbt-y go on to Why, Grnoe, my poor child Good 

itomI have yoa ?" 

Once waa lentiiiig agaiosl the open window, gbasUy and turrible. 

*' Yes," aaid she haogfatily, " I havp been guilty of the meauDvica of 
luiteniiig : and I xuller for jL It is but udh pang mure to a brukan hiaii. 
Mr. Cute-utry, yon are jtuft, yoa are guiieruua ; and I will rd 

you fur those words. No, papa, uo imp^wtur, but a mi): tv 

tompU'd. If be i« alire, we ahall aoou knowr." 


" Ho mil wrilo — to Jtul Dence." 

Unv'ing nUored this etnuigo specoh bIio rualml away mtli n wild evy 
uf nguny, and nobiidy saw tier face ngun that night. 

She did not como doimstairs next day. Mr. Cardeo ^ent up to her. 
Ho Btayod with her on Lour, nud came down looking much dtgoctcd ; lia 
uked Ur. CoTontn- to tsko a tarn in Uio gardou with him. ^Vhon they 
wcro alune, ho saiil graToly, "Mr. Coventry, that onforlnuala converfia- 
liou of ouni hitd (pxiio upset iny poor girl. She Uslii me now, nbo will 
not twliuTO ho is dead until months and months h&vo passed withoat 
Ma writing to Jiicl Dcnco." 

" WrII but, Bir," (tuid Ccivontry, "conld yon not convince her?" 

" How can I, wbco I am myself convinced ho ts uUve, mad will give as 
n gront deal of trouble yet ; for it is clear to me Iho poor girl loves him 
more than she knows ? Ixiok here, Coventry, there's no matt I bo dcnrc 
(or n eoQUD-law ns yonrsvir; you bavo shown a patience, a fidelity! — 
but as u jnsL niaa, and a man of honour, I most now ndvisc you to give 
up all lliongbls of her. you are not doing yourself justice ; ehe will 
never uuury yon, while that man is aliro and numarricd. I am provoked 
with her : she will not leave her room while you am iu ihe house. Shall 
I tcU you what she said '? ' I respect him, I admire him, hut I cau't boar 
Ike Bight of him now.' That is all t>ocanae 1 let out last night, that 
I thonght Little was alive. I told her, alivo or not, ho vras dead to her." 

" Am! what did sho say to that ? " 
, ** Kot a word. 6bo wnmg her hands, and hurst out crying terribly. 
Ah ! my fn'cud, may you uever know what it is to he a father, and sco 
yoar cMld wring her hands^ and en.* hor heart ont, as I have soen mine." 

li\f» own toais Hoved, and his voice was chuked. Ho faltered out, 
*' V/e arc two miitcnilile creatnrcs ; forgive ns, and leave as to nur fiite." 

Covcntiy roue, sick at heart, and said, " Tell hor 1 will not intrude 
upon hor." 

He telcgrapbvd to LaUy, and wout back to Uillsborougb as miscraUe 
as Ihoso bo left behind ; but with this diffuronco, ho desemed his miset^*, 
deserved it richly. 

Ere he had been two daya in HiUsborough a telegram came from him 
lo Mr. CardfcU, — 

" itt IJttSe. Important iHatovnr^. Pray eome hett at 0"«e.'* 
Mr. Canlen had tJio prudence lo withhold Irom Graco the nature of 
Ihla oommnuicatitiu. Ho merely told her, business called him suddenly 
to Hillsborough. Ho fitaried by tho next trruii, and found Mr. l^orentiy 
wailing for bim uL *• W Mlla," with Blningu news: it was not 

coiije4?ture, uor u matter < lon, but a pioco of imdeniablo evidence ; 

and it knocked both Mr. Cordon's theuzy and hia daughttr's to atomii, 
al cue blow. 

A oa£AT uam1>er of very laamed an*! able men bavo written books apoD 
the Britiiih CouHlitnUon. In other words, as much oonsense hu prubsblj 
b«UD talked tipoii that aabject aa upon any in the whole elami to which it 
belongs. As I have no deeiro to mnko a profession of poUtioal Ikith. I 
shall not Buy which uf the writers Appear to lue to be furthest from tbs 
mark. I observe, however, that thuy uoarly all agree iipiiri uiio point, 
which, I presume, may be therefore taken oa 8om« approziuuition to the 
truth. The great merit of the Itritish Constitatioa is that nobody except 
the said lAamed aud abla mun cau poiitiibly tiodeniUad it. Thero are so 
many wheels within wheels, some for work aud soma for show: bubu 
expeadiiig tromendons (arct: in the dark without pereopUblo noise, otben 
rotating with infinitd clattering and buzzing, glittering with the giiudie«t 
colouni in broad daylight, that tbo vulgar mind is hopelosslj p&rploxed. 
Wo should be as much afraid to tamper with so morvelloua a. piccu of 
Tuacliinery as a child with tho works of a watch ; forwho eon t«II that thu 
particalnr spring or balance with which wo meddio is not the eisoutiol bit 
npon which depends tho success of the whole concern 7 If I entleavoor 
to stale one or two of the most obTioos tmths about this great object of 
our idolatry, it will bo understood that I do not profess to hnvo ponctratod 
Into the deptlis of tho mystery. I only deal in the most palpable tmums 
which are admitted on ull hands. 

li is known, then, that Parliament was in former days the great coancil 
of the state ; but that it has long since abdicated its functioin iu fnvour 
of certain other national organs more in hormouy with modeni mcthixls o 
discuseiou. It has now become merely a body tar re^stering the 
of our supreme rulers — the newspapers. Jt is true that some cuiiou' 
relic* uf tho old state of things are permitted to Kmain, which throalMi 
in a few years to become ouintelligible without tho holp of profound 
antiquarian inquiries. For example, ii is a singnhu- thing that persons 
whoBH proper doty Is idniply to reduce to shape the oonclnaioos alreadyij 
adopted by the niUionul will should be allowed to take part in tbo dis 
cossion. No merebant would allow bis clerks constantly to Toliuiteer their' 
opinious on his Enaucial operations ; but wo still |H>rmit our six hundrvd 
and fifly-eigbt employe's at Westminster to dictate articles of outragwns 
Inngtb OS a conLributioa to our diaeussioos, and though tbuse article* ore 
T«ry I- ■'■'■'.'' I "' ■ ' : '. " r ,■■'.. i' 

most , ■,.;,-■,.., f. .. 

bo hotter occupied, li may admit of a doubt wheihur such couinbotii 






if they are Btill permitlGd, sfaoulil eontinne to b« Mceived on excepUoDally 

fnTOoniblfl temis ; it would, probably, be a gi>od Oiing for tho wnlribolonl 

tbvmselTM, if they wore fiirceU to approach rather more nearly to th« 

ftrmi^ loTel wLich cutitles lo admissioD intu tbo columcB of a decent 

Dowspaper. Our posterity will, perhaps, he inclined to continue the 

privilitge for it« historical interest, when they remember that tliero really 

I was a tiniewhea the national discuggioua were carried on vini. row within 

hfoar walls. It is Bometimes worth while to prustrre some antiijnnrian 

leoriositicfl even at tbu price of u little praotical efficiency, and the habit of 

Jking ID Parliametit will probably not bo pat down till long after it baa 

to exercise any real iotlneoce. It will bo regarded as a quaint old 

slom wbtcb sboald be treated with leniencj* if not with complaconcv. 

pWs allow the boys to firo off craekei-B oo tlie Fifth of November, though 

we have ceased to take mneh iaterctit in Gny Faux ; and we may permit 

onr pnbliti servants to imlalge in their tittle debnting-socie^ in memory of 

Pitt and Fox, Gladstone and Disraeli. Books have sapentodcd the 

neeoMity for lectured junt aa newspapers havu donu away with debates; 

bat WH Htill like lo bear the voice and see tho fiice of a distinguished man 

on prelcuce uf recciring his imttmctifins ; and perhaps, til] some better 

plan 18 discoTcred, parliamentary debates will continue to thrive aa a 

fairly coiivonifnl mode of exhibiting onr chief apokosmen. 

However this may be, it ia impoflfiible not to feel a deep inlvreat in 
the ehnmber of nur real legislature. As the newspapers have unilcrlakcn 
ie management of our national affairs by common consent, we may 
adolge a legitimate cnrioRity aa to tlieir rapaciUes for the task. That 
they have aomo merit h at once obvious. Let any one reflect, for 
example, on the amazing trouble required to secure aatiitfsctory [>leclionH 
under the old system, or all tho rules about qualifications of candidates 
^snd constituents, the elaborate arrangements for securing a fair represen- 
'thtiou. the worry aboat ballots, and bribery, and intimidation, and all tha 
rest of it. Wlieu we look at the House of Commons and think of all Ibe in- 
finite niiitrovcrsy, trouble, and expense that has been nndergooe to get those 
six hundred and fifty-oigbt gentlemen to sit upon tlioee benobes, we could 
rldfflost vish the iustittttiou to bo snmmarity abolished, and if anybody 
iritli u strong mathc^maticiil understanding likes to rend Mr. Hare's book 
Upou the subjeet, he may see what troubles are atill to he encountered 
birfotv philosophers will be satisfied, and our macbineiy put into perfect 
working order. Id the present govemtug body all these difficulties am < 
inaounted in the simplest possible manner. Krenr man can elect hirc- 
olf at once by buying, begging, or stealbg enough n-riting materials for 
a letter. He bas no notay orowda to coniJx>nt on the hustings; no stomp- 
nprrcbc'ft to Kpiiut to on ignomul popolacc; no roysterious, undorhand 
jitji of Icgcnlcmnin with bank-notcs and unwashed hamls. He may 
propose, second, and carry himself auanimonsly, in his own arm-chair in 
his own study. He won't have to catch the Speaker's eye, or to tremble 
06 wau onlv tri'uiblcs when he feels thai some ^^eVxiu^c^^V^t <a^e^«^'^ 


are fooassed npon him. lie can't be coagbed dowDj no sodden gasfa of 
modorty will luru ImU* faiH mauuscripl into a blank sheet of imspoltod 
pnper, as too frequentlv happens to the mental copy of nnwritten speech«s. 
Ha uaj 6teo, nnder certain proper conditions and limitAUons, speak tbe 
inith ; and if be is a bore, nobodj need be bored by bim, except luH 
editur. It is true, that that awfol being has some' terrors for Uie 
snperBtitions ; be acts, as it were. a.i the doorkeeper to lbs nntJonal 
council, and perhaps may sometimea exclnde ponoua who ou^t to ba 
admitted. When -vo reflect, bowerer, how many get in, and bov rery 
little most of tbom haro to say, wo cannot supjKiee thai any undoo nfjoor 
is excreieed. A man mnst bo eoccntric to the verge of madnessi or duller, 
if tbnt be possible, than the dullest parltamentftry orator, if be cannot 
gain A hcnxiug for any views that he pleases to utter. Once committed tu 
the preHH, they must take their chauco in the great stroggle fur existeiic«. 
Where so many people have sucb infinitely diTergeot views on evdi^ 
pooKJltlo variety of qufBliou, the chance for tbo cbampiou of any givea 
doctrine to obtain a wide and att^atire hearing, ia of course extramoly 
small. But withoot any elaborate devices, by iho mere nature of the 
ease, every opinion gets it«elf repreaented, aa it ought to bo represantod, 
in proportion to the number and ability of its believers. Then again* we 
have Uie advactagfl that in tbia council everybody can talk at oocu, oud 
about all couceivublu subjocts. Parliament is unluckily a body of finite 
powers, and a very narrow allowance of time. It« capoeitioa for doing 
business mu£t be limited, by the number of hours in a year durin({ 
which on elderly genUemoii can be kept aittiug iu a GuLhic cbair in a 
foil-bottomed wig. But to dobstca in tho press there is no mora limit 
than to cnrrenta in the ocean : they flow on boondlesaly for ever, rambling 
hither and thither, and traversing every region aecessible to tbe humaa 
mind. Moreover, tboy are oonduoted in a way wlueh frees the participants 
from many temptations. It may bo laid down as a general maxim, 
that a man is a gmalcr humbug on bis logs Uiaa iu hia nrm-obair. 
KoUody ever made a telling speech without more or l<xbs deceiving himiffflf 
in order to deccivo his andicoce. It is gjud, I know, that Aaonymoiu 
writing in objectionable, because the want of responsibility Lompt« a man 
to nso UDJnetJfiable woapona of warlaro. That may be true, and. ou- 
doubtedly, many oases occur in wluub tho system operates chiefly in this 
dirootioD; yet wo must uut forji^t that it baa certain complementoxy ad> 
Tuttagns. To say tbe tnitb, I have often wished, in spite of philosophet9 
and moralists, that more, instead of fewer, people were anonymoiu. 
Perhaps tbo pran would be bettor if all orticltia wore signed; I eanaot 
nrguu that point, but sermons and spoechos would often be more huDcst 
if tbcir autbim were Cunoeulcd. Wbeu 1 have seen a gocid gr<Dn-T-- ^ ' ! i- 
thropist k'urn tu brinj; his bonovolenco to morkett and to pu: ti 

it social popalaritj, ur a pbico in I'arliiuneut, or tt may \hi uoLUtug bqt 
applause at public meetings ; wb«n I bave seen a fltalMUiui df^uumOe 
iaW a bUlunt stomp-oralor, or a powerful pnaeher appeal to Ugolty or 



iftBOMiieo to belp liim townrdf; tlio qHMopid bQQch, I hsn wished tbit 
their proftcbtng or t>peiikiiig migbt 1h> done by mDo is masks or ooDTort^'l 
ioUi ftQonymous Articles, and, therefore, incapnble of wmotDg popular 
noown for the AQthors. The responsibUitj which is imposed upon public 
aetom ofWo do«s them good ; but with ihe responsibility comes a t«mptft- 
Uon which few mea hare the power thoroughly to roeist. Odc of the 
cominoaei^t diseases of the day isu fntty dei^nuraUon of the moral and intcl- 
Icetna) lissnts, to which the tepid atmoopbore of mutual- lulmirati on eocictice 
is a prodiEpofliug cause. A (^od pbysici&n might sometimes order his 
pntients intn retirement, aA diptioniaiiiaus arufieutto remote cstablishmuitte 
in Ibe counlry, where the dulL'tiL-rioiiH stimulants, whether of gin or of 
" load cheers," are uot to be had nt any price. Thoy might be aUowed 
td otter the noblest seatimeuts, the moet "scntbing deDimcintious," or 
the most " isexoniblo logic," but on conditiou that not an atom of proiso 
shoald BTor come back from tho general public. The per&ouiility of the 
epeaker vould he sunk in Ihr great We of vague and mii'st^-rioun authority ; 
the moet eloquent eulightener of mankind would diiicover how far his 
pliilaiithropy was a genuine article, or a mere appeal for higbly-Bpiced 
tialXury. Wo duoouuco Lho begigars who ait in our streets with a placard 
bcftriug tho thriUing words, *' I am Btarving : " there nro bcggnis in dis* 
guise of a more respectable kiud, who, if they were c([ually frnnk, would 
iu0LTLl>e eu tho Crout of thvir pulpits and platforms, '*I am hmigeriog aud 
thiniilu^ for prnisu and more praise, and after that for praise of a higher 
order still." 

I am, iudticd, perfectly aware of the answer which may ba made to 
ih remarks. There is a reverso to the modal ; tho press has its little 
esftes, which, in their way, are as silly as those of the cleverest fool 
who ever owed bis ruin to his talents. There are idols which it falls down 
and worsliipfl with utt'^r prostration nnd amaiiing peraeveranco. And this 
reflccUou may lead us to consider some of the leu agreeable peculiarities 
of etir present roler.1. They hare, at k&st, this morit, that one may speak 
one'H niiitii freely about their defoela withuut being accused of Eeditiuus 
practices. Tbcy are so ngao and impersonal a body, that attacks apon 
them do not ronsa any bitter resentment. An assault upon tho prcs^ 
generally may ulwuys bo understood by writers in tho Jujitter as referring 
chirtly In tho Mrrany. Or, if iht-y are a little too shrewd for this plciuiing 
8elf-dLC»pUou, one may at least assume with tolerable confidence thut few 
people really dislike an attack upon a body of «-hicb they ore not avowedly 
couipie\ious members : they can establish some little qualification ur 
bxecptiua which tidies theoi out uf the general rule. Or, finally, if the 
wont comctt to the womt, our prencnt legislature does not hang its 
assailants, or crcn put them into the pilloiy, except, indeed, a pillory 
which inrolvcs no great vudaronco, aii the vrurst migsUua m use arc 
fiimiod of a few couteiiiptuonB ptr •' Taking conngo from these 
Ijicts, and, purbapf, frum Uio rurlhti' . ' u that lho preHcnl writer is alfiO 
unoDymous, ho may venlurc on a btUe mild iCiJiK^aium ina<jna,\wt\v-. 

order I 




imd, in tbo first place, let xis consider the obvioiu retort just noticed, 
the EnbBerrieaco, the mconsistonc;, imd the popnJarity-btmUDg just impated 
to fitateamea ifl quiUi as charoctt-rutio of the pron. The icdividuiJ 
jotimijist majbe n pattern of honour and iDt«l]igence ; writing in Uie dark, 
with auall reason for hope or fear, ho ib free from quo groat temptation ; 
and admitting that he vrites for monej, we may at least cr(^dlt him with 
an amoont of virtue e<|nul to that of the conetitaenta vrho expect to be 
bribed, but will lake a Bmallei: bribe for voting with their conscieaca 
than for voting against it. Itul, whatever be the explanation of tha 
pUcuomenon, the corporate bod,Vt the m^sterioaa We, of which tha 
journalist is an insignificant nnit, is often as amemable to flattery and aa 
anxions to catch the first puffs of the popular bte«ze as the most timo- 
scrving of Ministers. It is touching to see bow every judicious corro- 
Bpondeut btigins hia letter by citutling the world-wide circulation uf Ibe 
potentate he addresses, as an Eastern subject presents tmys of aweoU 
meats oa entering the pr«fl«Dee of his sovereign. Obrioosly tbo ml of 
anonymity may be healthy for individual contributors, hat the dar^ 
power tohind it can be pro]>itiated by highly tluTOured iueetisei and is 
reciprocally not iDdifTorcut to the ncoeari^ of providing ploasant oradsa 
for its worshippers. The distinction, then, between the cases cannot be 
that statesmen are made of malleable staff, whilst newspapers presuTA a 
st«ra inflexibility and toll unpleasant tmths in the coiiiiJtmce that posterity 
will some day do them joslioo. There is & strong t4.-ud(!Uoy in both eases 
to depart ftom the highest ideal of the spiritaiU lender of mankind. 
Neither our real uor our ostensible ralora have any snpurfiuity of indepen- 
dence and forcsigbt. But the difierenco would seem to be this : the 
statesman alwaj's appears in the well-known luid popular oliaraetor of a 
dietator and framcr of public opiuiou ; be is supposed to monld the 
character and intellect of a race for all future gonarations ; cvrn when 
the development of his opinions coincides by a curious fehcity witlt 
the growth of the demands made b^ his supporters, he is understood to 
he the leoiler inNlead uf the follower. Pnblic otiiniou is supposed to 
have bowed to biui, not be to public opinion. Tbure liavu been miters at 
different periods of history who wore Dcithor scUish, nor shnffiing, nor 
gnwaly ignorant, and wbo did not believe that goveraiog was one btaoi 
(if the dramatic art, and eonaisted chiefly in a skDlhl afllaetatton of supiT 
binuau reason; and «bo even ventured oocasioually to say what lliey 
thot^hl. I make no doubt that we aiv specially rich in snoh men josk 
now. But it is precisely booauso they are bound to asfumo so mncb 
that tbo fiborlcomings of statesmen are buoentabla. It is when tlie fly oa' 
tlie wlieel ift ptotasting that it is he who really moves thv earriaf{a, and 
giving himself aira aocordingly above all other flicK, that bo booOBH 
ridiculous and his example paroieioos. And nben sc many mlcuy haw 
fact abdicatod their position, and aro content to register our '' ' 
lead o( b&poflit^ tbuir edicts upon n^, the affoetation of on 
eTerything beeomoi more pitiable. Kow the Itfttstr vhatuwr. its uUwr 




faulLB, does not, bc^Qso il cflnaot, " afl'tiel tbo god, ossumo to nod, and 
BRvu) to Bltako tlio spborea " qoito nt this rate. Somotioies, it is true, it 
nHcctti ■UTprifiiDj:; prescieaci?, for it is not in buman nattire to resiet the 
tUDpttttiou nf Rnyitif* "I told yon so." Bat it ndniits with mnrti or less 
frankness, tliut if luore ur le»4 omniscient it is not quite omuipotont ; that 
noma contemporary oventa lake plncc vrhich are not due to its overt agency ; 
and that even ita arf^mcnts and its oxliortationa cannot nm far ahead of 
tiic opinions current lunongct its clients. Some fitiiti^innen, as the poet 
t«Utl D9, faavo boon charged with the miscbii-f dune by " largo blue flica ; " 
and many have claimed the credit rigbtiy due to a good harvest or s 
favourable tiim of the wind or the blunder of a hostile general. Dnt the 
presH lieasts that il is the embodiuieut of public opiuioo ; and the boast is 
eqnirnlcnt to a coufesflion that it ^nya vury much what many huui3red<t of 
ihoosands of people are Baying. That vagiio Hiilhorlty, which it claims 
to roprosont, is always present in the immediate baekgrocuid, and kecpa a 
very firm hand npon its vagaries. In short, we know very well that at 
b«>t it ia the work of a tew clever men a little in advance, it may t>e, of 
the general current of opinion, bat compelled by the necesRity of their 
pofiitiou not to be too fiir in advauco. All which comes to sHjing that tho 
vices of our present raloni ore leas ofilmsiTe Unw those of tho old, because 
Uioy mako less pretence of virtue; ud becMse tbeyrmnkly admit, vrhal 
Iho oihcrs wore too apt to conceal, the influence of the mysterious power 
knoim as public opinion. 

To o«timttte philosophically the value of government by the press wo 
flbuuld tbtrefore have to inveKtigatc the tme meaning of this etpransion, 
What )g public opinion ? Kow many thousands of our thirty mUlious 
of people have any shore in forming it, and bow many of them are active 
and how many mere passive iostmmcnts in the matter ? Is there really 
such a thing at all, or ia it a figment invented for their own purposes by 
ingenions editors — a sort of universal Joskins who exempts ttoja rcsponsi' 
bihty a few clever manipnUtors of political agitatioDH ? When the able 
editor has declared that public opinion will stand this or that grievance 
Qo longer, does it mean that be, the editor, and sumo clever contributor, 
nro. on tbe whole, of opinion that they can make a little cnpilal out of the 
dttKURsion ; or does it mean that there is really some vast occult power 
which carries editors and contributors and everjhody else along with it ? 
Tbe truo cynical view would apparently be that pubUc opinion, like many 
other things, is a mere pbanlom to be conjured up by skilful magirians ; 
that it is like tbo geuie in the Arfthum .\i;ilii», which can bo unloosed by 
those wbo know the spell, pcrmitt&l to expand till ita stature seems to reach 
from earth to heaven, and then i«tamed to its confinement till it is again 
seeded ; or, hke a painted monster of caiiras dragged out in the day of 
battlL' to elrikn l«n-ar iulo the beartb of upponentfi. If so, tbo imposition 
is at limes Binguhirly succossfal ; for tbo mere sound of its terrible nsmo 
has sometimea made the coolest statesmcu lose their Bclf-poe»cssiou and 
ftb&adoa Iheir most vatutod strongholds. The more rooaooabla belief is 



th:it thero is mUy sach & power, thotigh it is ilngalarly cnprleioas atul 
much more often inroked than act in action. 

To eei furU) tlie relation nhicli it occupies Id ragnnl to its prof«»ud 
organ, we muy Iwgiu by noting one or two cnrioaa pUBUomeaa. Conudw, 
for rxamplo, the behaviour of newspapers at that dreary season irhen 
thiogs In generiil obstinately refiise to bnppen. The umplo old dovieai 
baTo long gone out of fashion. The able editor employs an ingonioSB 
artiHoor. Ho rouses public opinion and sots it to work upon one of Ifaoso 
steady ineen tio. resislaHce -vrbicb are kept for SDcb occnsions. Pablie 
opinion is directed against the doluoss of sermons, or the cxtmragaseo 
of female dress, or the stupidity of rcstrymen. Public upiuion uiidertAkes 
ita task with amazing freshness, as if it had nurer before occnrrod to any 
human being that sermons were dull, hidiea extravugaoti and Testrymcu 
stupid ; or, I should ratlicr say, aa if thoi>e facts were not port of the 
immutable and elenal order of things. " Paterfamilias," " t>cmtator«" 
"A Coustunt Iteoder," and other respectable persons, ruiib to the assault 
as if their lives depended upon it. They consider that the future of 
£ng!nnd depends upon sfirmuus immediately becoming lively, as if the 
TBsl majority of preachers bad not been dull for some eighteen hundred 
years, and as if the eloquence of "Paterfamilias" wore sufficient to 
produce an instant reforuuitiou. The editor probably smiles to himself 
as the QDlnctf magician smiled when he had set bis doril to work making 
Topca of seasoud, and found that ho had at last hit upon a iiermaneut 
omplo^'moDt. A person of literary knowledge might wiitc an amuoing 
nrUcle by tracing back some of the beat lines of assault irom the time 
when people Qrst bogou to write satires till the present day. from which 
it may bo inferred t)iat some human beiDgs really believe what they bav* 
no oilcn hciu'd, that pubhc opiuiou huH uulimited power, that a few letkra 
in the newKpapers will do more than all the duU teaching of all the 
diviuus and schoolniusters and philosophers and statesmea thai have ever 
lived. Another popular auosement, again, is that known in conventioiuU 
language as draggbg a great criminal to the bar of public opinion. Some- 
body who has done snmelhiiig that he ought nut Ui have done, or left 
undone something thai he should have done, is torocd out to be nm down 
like » mod dog by a gtneriU boe aud cry, tiometimes, it may be, be ti 
driren mad in ihe process, as occasionally happens in the csm of dogL 
Sometimes he takes things with such impetiurlmble ^ilacidity that thosport 
becomes stupid, Thcro is do ploasorc in hunting ml luiimat when it is too 
stolid In run aivay. Thio-skinncd people ore irritated into the foubah 
policy of self-defence. Nobody ever yet got the best of a oowspapur in so 
argnmcDt in its own columns, whether it is that newspapt^rs ore aluays 
right, or that a pack of oxiouymous aM>iuliuits bnire a strategical ndvantiiga 
over a niiigle |)«n»>D artiug 0[wnly on the defL-tinive. Itcndeni, whu 
guiMirully toko tbur conclusiona rcady-mndo from the newspfipor itself, orei 
nl any rate, apt to tJuuk that it was dearly in Iho right, l^t a policy of 
moali^y inoctlnty has a good ^cbtnoe of soeeess. Public opiuion ^ts 







of ODC subject, espccialiT wlicn all tbo talliiiig is on one ndo. Afiorj 

' a litue ttie peal crimiual wlio has becu drafted to the bar leaves it vithoolj 
a «UuD 00 his chantcl«r, or, cveu if be boa wdaltly objected to the proeeetfl 
auil bccQ polled domt, trampled upon, ood pelted witb mad to our boaiWj 
coDtcot, there geaerall; en^ties a period of reaction, and in n ^^oar or Mi 

.va only romember faim as a man wbo once bad the bonour of being! 
sotoriotu. It ifl an uncomfortable process for the ^ictial, and may 
aeciJoutally break his heart or min his self-respect. Aocidonts will occur 
under tbo bcst-n^Iutod fonns of public prusceution ; but the general, 
rebuilt in that, after a vast bubbnb and bringing togetbor of earth aud^ 
bcavcn, some other ol^ect of pursuit crosses the trail, and the ivhole hunt 
dasb«B off in a dilferent direction. 

Pubbc opioioD, then, is a force which, in its own conceit, is omnipotent, 
vhicb iil times produces amsziDg reBiiltn, but which is singularly capriciouft 
and uncertain, and easily diverted from tUe reformation of mankind to the' 
selUemetit of an infuitesimal private dispute. We laugh at Parliament 
for tbo ease witb ^bich it leaves the most pressing business to form 
a ring for any sort of pngiliHtic encounter ; but it Biniply rencets, 
in Lho raoet faithful manner, the general disposition of its consli- 
Inents. And we nuiy thus doiina a littJo more closely the renl value 
of that astouishing palladium of our bbertios, that boast of the mno- 
tecuth coQtory, and most fiuisbed work of many generationa of con- 
tinuous process, the &eti press which interprets and enforces the verdicts I 

,of public opiuion. The press is an ingenious piece of social mucbinery 
for ouuccutmting nud directing against a particular object the scattered 
forces of prejudice, Bontiment, and indefinite aspirations current amongst 
Iha reading and writing port of the population. It accompliftbes this 
object, so far aa it is uccampliEibod, byaproi;eK!i rcsniuUing thiit of natural 
aeltfction. It is constantly raising all manuor of discordant and discon- 
iiectod war-cries. If they happen to f»U in with the bumour of the time, 
a gt^uerul rush is made with iuimoDse vigour in the direction indicated. 
If they do not meet with sympathy they drop out of notice, to be raised 
again at somo more propitious moment. Sometimes the rush is mads 

jiagnittst bocdo eternal law of natoro or society, and after a due amonnt of 
foaming and fretting, wo fall buck again tired and disappointed into our 
old grooves. Sometimes we upset some anU(|nat«d iustitation that 

teau never be sot on its legs again ; more often it is reduced to a crippled 
and damaged condition, and left to cumber the ground till some new torn 
of aSitirs brings it again in tho vay of our eDorgtas. Occasionally we do 
our work so very efTecttiftlly, that years elapse before wo eon manago to 
undo it again. And at cvoi^* stage of the process wo are constantly singing ^ 
hymns to onr own marvelloua wisdom and the perfection of the iuAtmmcnt 
detsigued to give it ofToct. The press ought to act upon publii; upiuiou 
like the govenwr of a steam- engine, moderating it when it is gmng too 
fiut, uuil incroasiug its energy when it shows ttymplonis of decay. If it 
ii (^ive Uws to our impulses, it should, at leiutj give useful hints ; 

and, like a body of Bkimiisberfi in froDt of an armj, liolp to dtscorer Ut« 
real ponitioa of tbo eodcoj and mark the most promising lines of asMoli. 
It Bbonld rcdacc wbat mathomaticianB call the arapUtudo of our osctUa- 
tionft— or, in other wordfl. koep ns a liUI« to tiie point, and prevent 
much as may be, the great waste of energy vhich ia a dra^bfick from tba 
nctvantagcs of governing by the masKos instead of goToming by intelligent 

Uov for this daly in at all discharged may be o matter of doubt. As 
n mle, newspapers may b« divided into (vro cIhbws — the gushing and lbs 
cynical. The first class are andoabtedly pleasant readiog at breakfoat; 
they {^ve one a glow of conecinUH virtue almost cqoal to that derived from 
early ristug : one goes through tbo re«t of the day with a pl»aAant eon- 
TJction that one has baeo so cnlhusiastic, so s^'mpathotie with the best 
hopes of human progresi, and so indignant at a few Uogorii^ gnevaneoH, 
tbiit the mere fceliii<; nlmoist amounts to a good action. It is tme that 
thfso eami'Bt gcutlcmfu utl> apt to be a Utile offhand in settling tlie most 
eomplez questions ; that they hare a suspiciously iutuitire perce|)(iou of 
the rights of every dispute from Chlnii to Porn ; and that they occasionallj 
put on a jaunty air of Bulf-s&tisfarlioD, which vc might describe aa priggUk 
in ordinary bfu. Bui then their olo(|iiencc is su fluwing. that we yield to 
the eharm, aud forget to be critical. Ireland must surely be pacifie 
America conciliated, and the difficulties between labourers and capitali! 
aet at rest for ever by one gush of this benevolent entbiiNinsm. The valoa 
of this material, in a literary point of view, \-aries accurdiug to the mttlcat 
for which it ta intended, from the flimsiest buncombe to the graceful 
unction of a scholar aud a philosopher; bat it is everywhere cbamc- 
tcrized by the same tone of serene complaceocy, and the same 
>timifit views of life. Now, admirable aa the sentiments expreseed mtj 
Ftometimes be, there is this weak point about them : they encourago tho 
unforttfnate belief that every question should be settled by bnrsta of goo4| 
feeling. Od all subjects there are two equal and opposite platitudes : thf' 
proverb about more baste aud worse !^ned, is uit'l lir Dr. Young's celebml 
copybook assortiou, that procrastination is the thief of time. Aa a rule, 
BrlttHh public in only capahle uf getting one pUilitnde into its head at uneOi 
and acts upon it as if it were an absolute and uuiversolty appUeablo tmU: 
Wo rave for six months in praimc of economy ; and for the next six (ring 
praises of Ubernlity. ^Ve discover tbut prisoners hare been Imdly Irta!. 
and wc Agitate till every cf-ll is made into a rommodions apHrtincut for 
ritiglo gentli-mau. Then we wnko up to the rocoUectiou that we 
taking boneat men's money to sjiend it on thieves and murderers, w 
i t ly pn in for fi(tjjping, politary confinement, aud the iieare*! 

i.^ I io turturo tbiit Ju^tiuuily cnu uontrivc without nckf or thumb 

RcnnvHt Now tbe cntlinHift5tio inBtnietor« of the puhlic aggravate in 
of checkiBg this nnfurtnnnlc lendoncy. Tliey bavr --■ '- "- '' '- — 
flbcy can't Ustt-n to «obvr orgnmcnt. Tlu-y throw , 1 

ecoDOinj to tho winds one day, and denounce anybvd> who NppraU t 




ihom. u ft eold-hcu-tod, grov«UiDg, prosuo oynic. They tarn roTUid Uia 
next, uid \aik in Uic etyle of a poinpoas profesaor about iucxomblo lavs 
and Bcicotific principles, and Uie necessities of stem philosophy. Each, 
time tbey Bkllfuliy llatlcr the inaiKM^Dt public iuU> Uio belief that it in 
acting from the loflient motires, controlled bj tbo soandoet doctrines. 
Xlio innooout gentleman who Ktudles their columns in bia daily omnibun, 
amazed at the profundity of the principles vrliich he has mieouflciously 
^adopt^, and tbo mqultutc lunguaga in which hiti impulsive gtieBses arc bo 
gorgwasly arrayed. He is astouisfacd to find that when he was f;ninibliiij{ 
at a new lax he was really expressing the opinions of Adorn Smilb, and 
John Stuart Mill, ani] Ibe Biuly Thunderer ; and that hts simple remark 
itai Bonio action of AliuistiTS was au iufcmul ahamo is the whole pith 
fluid rabstanee of coUimus of scnthing deuam^intiou. 

The proper eorrcctivo to these evils should be found in the cynical 
part of the press ; and 1 hold, thongh I may be prejudiced, that Lhey da 
iu fart purfurm some good service. They keep up the old and unufol 
trnditiou Unit there are hninbngs in existence. Tlwy remind us, not 
inuppropriatclj, that the world nill not be puritiod (rom all evila tu-daj nr 
to-morrow ; and that the remedy will not come from mere spooting, or 
the oomposilioQ of volaminou3 leading articles. They save us & tittle of 
the dtaappointment which follows when every noatrnm that has been in 
torn proolnitiied as an itifiUlibltt jmiiiicoa has bccu tried and found wanting. 
Ilut nnluckily tbcy, loo, have a very weak side. They are not only too negiiUvo 
in their opinions and too indiscriminating in their censure : that is a com> 
parativcly tririiJ fault, for it does no i^enniue zealot serious harm to have. 
a liUle ciild water thrown upon hlii schemes ; it ii) only the TetibleHt con- 
atitotious that are injured by such trmtmi^nt. But tbcy are certainly 
Itahle to the blame of being a tride too good for this world. Tbev inhabit 
w eereoe an atmosphere of superiority to mlgor prejudice ; they look 
doviii witb sucb hooudlesii coutempt upon all the poor uiortalx who are 
Rtrn|2g1iiig and stumbling confuAodly in the mire of pmclical Uto, that wo 
Romebow Iwgin to ask whether they are not too free from human passion 
to b« of moub practical use. It is veT7 pleasant to hare a Bulon or a 
Boontea condescending to tell na what fools we all are ; but after a time 
it beeomea a httJe tiresome, and sometimes a fiiinl suspicion will turade 
our miuds, that, Uke Lord Tburlow, tbcy maj perhaps be looking wiser 
than any man ever really was. 

Dut it in not uiy business to find fiiult with thorn. Perhaps it is time to 
bo remiudiug my rt'adtfnj that all kindn of benu'.ilul x>anegyrio8 hATO been 
pronounced upon tbo press by Lord Chatham, the sublime Burko, Charles 
James Foi, and the late Lord UrougLam. One thing It has certainly 
don«. It bas i>uceecde<I tn esLibliehing thi- principle that everybody may 
Boy whatovrr be lik«'K ; and the fiict lliut most pe«.tplo Uke to talk noosenae, 
prottis uotliing i^iuu»t — indeed, it in the slrungt'^L argumeut in favour of — 
the propriety of their saying it with the utmost freedom. It has, morooTer, 
mocecilcd in enforcing tbd troth that govemmenl ought to have soma 



Tak« this passage from tlio Draper Ltttert, and there is not % word in 
it tlint kas not the smack and flATour of O'ConneU'fl eloqaenca : — 

" Wij are told Uiat Sir Inaac Kenion reportud an assay at the Tdwor of 
Wood's motal, by whicli it appoure Lo baa in all respects performed bis 
coutmct, His contmcl with wboni ? Was it with the Pnrliauient or pc^oplo 
of Ireland ? Are not they to bo the purchasers ? Bat they abhor, dolcsl, 
and reject it *a corrupt, fraudulent, mingled with dirt and trash. ITpoa 
this he grows angry, and will impoee Uis goods on ns by forca. 

" Yuur newspapers, however, ttay the oflsay niia madB of good eoio- 
Haw impadeut and insupportable this is ! Wood takes care to ooin a doun 
or two halfpence of good metal, sends them to the Tower, and they m 
apptored, and these most aoswcr all thut he has coined, or shall coin la, 

" His proposals conclude with high treason. Ho promiaca Ibom no' 
person shidl l>o obliged to take mom than 6{(j. of his coin in ono payment^! 
By which it is plain that ho pretends to oblige crery subject of the realm 
to tuke so much in every payment if it bo offered. So that IXt. Wood 
has taken upon him ihc ontiro legislation and absolato dominion over tha 
properties of a whole iinLiuu. 

" Qood God [ who are hiti abettors ? who are his sopport^rff 
eneonragors, or sharers ? Mr. Wood will oblige me to lake f>\d. of his 
brass in every payment, and I will shoot Mr. Wood and his doputiet 
through the head like biglinavmen or houaabronkere if tlioy dare to fo: 
one Girthing of the coin on me in payment of one hundred poiuids. ]t 
no loss of honour to submit to a lion, but who with the Cgnre of a moo 
oan think with piiUence of being dovonrod by a rat ? 

" Shopkeepers, look to yonrseU-es I Wood nil! oblige and forco y 
to tako bill. o{ his trash in every payment, and many of you rccch, 
twuuty, thirty, or forty pa)'meut8 of a day. and pray how much will tl 
amoant to in n year? Twenty times 5{d, is 0*. iii., which is aboT 
lltO/. a year! of which you will lose HOI. by taking your pamt^nt in hli 
money. If any ofyou be content to deal nithMj-. Wood ou suchcuudiiju 
you may ; hot for my own condition, lot hia money perish with him. 

" If Mr. Humpden rather ohoso to go to prison than pay a few shillin 
to icing Charles withont authority of Parliament, / will nithor choose tQ 
lio hanged than hare all my tstibstanco taxod at ITa. in tbs poond, at 
orbitnuy will and pleasure of the voritubto Mr. Wood." 

Now is not tbiH O'Connell all over ? If O'Counell was Swift's iufe 
in imnginaUva power and iu Ihu murrcllous union of wit and ' 
which flashed tlvongb all his wriiiug^, he had one oudvuiublc s:. 
in his gouialily of dinposilion, a nicJlow racinras of tcmpcnuneoc th. 
DoTcr entirety dtnturti-il him to the last. 

Sinft'a youth of abjt>ot povtuty and morv abject dependence tnnat n 
I '. it..n, nor 'i ' ■•jmI of clrug^r' ' " ■•'. and tV' 

! I wu loftL- his idd age ul ."U : loa h 

pointmeiit throughout, CoDaall, with thu i^Ycnts insfriianhtv 10 




a career, vas emisentlj prosperoos and tnampluint. That tho barly 
barrister of tho Four Conrls Bhould bocome a power in iho BLat(>, trealing 
with un RngliHl] Cabinol on termH at nijnality, nod declnring Uio conditioDS 
})y wliieh Irolaiid wotild conseot to bo governable, vtab surely no nuoll 
saeces9. He was tho Arst who snw bow disaffection could be l^alhxi, 
and bov imposoiblfl it was to control the ingcnnity of rebellion by Aei of 
parliament. He ]>ul bis country in tbe dock witli an aaay conscience, for 
lio knew bov bit) Nisi PriuR uxperiencos would ioBoro him nn acijuitta), 

KoUiing abort uf bis uuftiiliug flucceitB could faavo reconciled his 
ooontrjmen to a campaign bo sbom of every clement of heroic daring 
and excitumeDt. This game of Bubtcrfnge, trick, and eraaion vras Uttlu 
to tho national taste, and, plnyod by a less eminent hand, tbcy bad 
ro^ipnted and discarded it long b«foro ; but at last Ihuy could not but ba 
atrufk with admiration at Ibe resoiirceF of tlint Celtic cleverness which 
wna baffling all Ibo wisdom of n Cabinet, and making the stronger counby 
accept tbe conditionn and tho terms of the weaker. O'Connell had mads 
tbo ease of Ireland a record before tho courts, and by his skilful condact 
of ILo trial he bad aasured himself of tbe verdict. Never before hod an 
Knglifih UouBu uf Commons been Ircatcd Hko a law court, where, with 
cTcry licence of an advocate, Uto counHcI could assail character, damaf;o 
niputalion, and diflparnge motive, quote witnesses that nevor oxJati-d, and 
cite procodcntg that none bad heard of. Kot disdaining llie actof what ono 
of bttt uppouenls called "monstrous lying," if bo could but iuiiiire n 
credit of living four hotira by Iub fiction, be applied all the addrcos of a 
pltnder to snulch a verdict without lotting the jury retire from tho bor. 

Yet wilJb all this be served to wean men in Ireland from the practice 
nf resistance by force, and inenlcated the Icsstm tbat rnuc«HHions could 
ba oMaioed from Kn(:lau(] withuut ever walking out of tho wayts of tbo 
_ConBtitutt'>n. HithL-rto Irish itutriotism had hoKn a game of utter dcspo- 
Ition. Wolfe Tone, Robert Emmett, and Lonl Edward rilzgcrald had 
Bet tbcir lives on the ha7&ni nf failure. The insigni&caut attempt at 
niboUion, in which no men of fortune or station would lake port, only 
proved how unoijual tho 8tru*^j^lc inuRt ever prove between tbe two 
rics. Of the cUri^y, too, uouo but tbe itiforior ranliS had ever 
listed thenuielTes wllb open revolt ; and tboagfa the Calholio bienreby 
riaro not without strong sympathy with the canse, tbcir cbAracteriatie 
tiition and prudence held them back from all porticipatiou in peril. 

If one cannot but own that the notional party in Irclaiul ban gradually 
]pclioed in power aud intellect since the days of Gruttan and Flood, and 
iiat tho advocates of Ireland at the present day are but contemptible 
rprrttroLaLivcB of those great orators who once sustained her caaae ta; 
10 senate, we are qIro forced (<■ admit that tbo Kickluuns and tha< 
>'I>onovnns are at liest but very sorry dcscondaota of such men as NellRoc, 
ToDo, and Jnckfnn ; and tbat the tmiRon of onr day Is undignified by 
treo a pasxiuf; gleam of goniQS, or one ray of aelf-devotion or gaDaulrj-. 
[t is not poauble to coDcoire a more ill-devised or more bo^looK tAAvtv&si 

tliao lliJit proposed by Wolfo Tono, when the ships of Hoclu'ii cxpc^titioa 
lia<l bucD scattered by Uio slorm. with no neve ol' the Fraumlte, tiiv flag- 
ship on board of which yrns Uoche himself nud his stAfT. together n-ilb all 
Uiu maps audclmrts for the expedition. "I took Obcriii iDto the CoptAin's 
room," BAid he, "and told him frankly my opiuion of oar oetmil statA, 
nnd thnt I thonght it our duty, sioco wo mast look on Iho mnin otijert an 
unattoinAble, aulosa the other vesseln appearad to-morrow, to fit.'o what 
could bo dooo for tho bononr and interest of the KepubUc (the Frvndi), 
and I proposed to him to giro mo the Legion lie Francr, a ooni])auy of the 
' Mariuo Artillerie,' aud as many officers ae would volunteer, vritb what 
arms and b'toros remained, and to land us in SUgo Bay, * nnd Ici ub rnako 
the beet of it.' If we snccecd, the FEepnblic will gain inOniti'ly in honour 
and reputation, and if we fail thtif uiH l« ml of thf Lfgi'yn, which, 
knowing to be nothing bnt degperadoos, will be a good riddnnco." 

" I asked the command," lie adds, " beeaose, I take it, that timie of 
tho generals would injure tbeir reputntion on such rd entcrprize, but, if 
any would accept the post, I am ready to go as a gimplo Toluntcor." 

""VITheD the ordre de hattUUe was being prepared." he says, **we vten 
laughing iuimodoratoly at the poverty of our meaim, and I l>elieTc aniler 
the circnmBlaneeft it was the merrieHt council of war ever held. 

** It is an oxpoditioQ truly unique. Wo have not one guinea ; wo 
have not a tact ; we have not a horse to draw our four pieces of artillery ; 
the genera] in ekief marches on foot ; we leave our lugg:^ behiud ns ; wo 
havo Qotliiog but the armx in onr hands, and the clotliea on our backti." 

'iNliat CUD be well less bopefu), or less promising, than all lU\n? what 
can parody tho pomp and cirenmRliinDe of war, with more of nbgnrditj ¥ 
And yet it contrasts splendidly with the ragged ruffianism of tho Fcman 
attempt, The French officers, few u they wore, wore soldiers by 
prufcfsiuu, and geutlenicn by station. There were eertain ideas of 
diaoipline in tho furco, tliu gradations of rank were observed, and ordvri 
obevt^. Compai'O all this with tho rabble who attacked tho poItco-staUon 
at Tallaght. or the mnrdorons aHsault on the prison -van at ManehostArt 
and ia the falUng-olT not to the full as great on the score of Uigh-hcart«d 
countge aud chivalxy as we have before sbottu botweou tbo great patriot 
oratots of the Uuioa era and "tho noisy treasou-tolkeni of Trafitlgoi' 

Wolfe Tono, from bis early boyhood, was one of Ibosc nho have the 
gift of attaching to th«m strtiog feelings of affection. He had grunt gentle- m 
oess of disposition, muted to on actually Uarebriuncd courage. Itis ^H 
(emperamoot was eflitcntially melaucholtc, but rained from any dcirp<>Ti' ^^ 
dency by a certain dash of cutUnsiasm which made him regard hinuolf oa 
d' ' high acln " " " iliig niood lasted hi' • \t 

an I myaucyu nutter, lie was to' ■ -u, 

howc^rt for anything that d«uuuidL-d purHistcut effort ; while not viuilj- 
cart down or discouragod, he could be too readily dinjrt^d from any ptoD 
of oetiou by porsoasoo or ivcn by capricA. 




^licn Tono wt sail from America for France, he bad one himdred 
IgMiDciiA fur aJl his worldly wealth, odJ od tho 4th of Fobniary, 1790, bo 
fouud luiuBclf m Pftriu without utiu fricuJ or uvcu ouo acquuiiitaiioo. — as 
dcsolato as Iboo^ bo hftd boou savod from a ebipwrock. He bad snch 
an imp4>rfRct aci]aaiDtaQco with the FrOQcb language, that wbtn be 
prcseuloil himself to Lecroix, the ZtUuieter of M'ar, that gcoUeman referred 
hiui lo General Clarko, Iho son of an Irisbioan, wbot il vaa supposed, 
could eommuuicato with htm. 

Two qnostioDS which Clarlio pal to Toac will convoy pretty forcibly 
tbo amonnt of koovletli^o he possessed of the stAte of Irclnnd and thu 
character of its pubhc men. One was, " Wniild Lord Clare af»iat a 
lian^ f " tho other, " Wotdd the Iriidi like to accept the Dokc of York for 
^ihvir king?" If wo uuilo at tho crnss ignoraocc of foreigners about 
rtiliuid at that day, let us not forget the cmdo absniditios and propos> 
)ua ideaaof the Fronch presa, iu onr lime, on wliat tbey cull tbo Polaudi 
'of Groat Dritaiu, as if any auiouut uf lilunderiti^ could llud a parallel' 
between Knglish legislation and Bassiau repression! If,[faDweTer, tho 
real orators of Ircliuid hare scarcely found worthy successors in the tOLn 
^rho illnstrnte Linh eloi^uence at the present day, still less have ouch men 
aa lh)beri Emmett or Wolfe Tonu in the sorry spectaclu of Feniaulsm^ 
It nuy aecm sorry comfort, bnt iu not without ita consolation, to 
omparo the men who onco stood in the van of Irish rebellion with their 
ttlvr-day followej-8 : siueo. seeing how destitute all the late atU-mpta haTO 
'^beeu of men of mark and stalioa, a8 well as of men of original minda and ; 
danug hearts, it may nol bo a raah infcreneu to'ilraw, that most of thft" 
caueetj which called for such men oa Emmett and Lord Edward Fitzgerald 
eiiet no longer: and that the sympathy now felt for Ireland is so wide- 
spread and 80 sincere, nooo bat persons of reckless lives and headlong 
uapulfiot would prvfer tho appud lo foroe to following the far uiuro 
honest coorao of walking in tbo ways of tho Conatitntion ; nnd that if 
Touo and Emmett lived now, wo ahould scfurcely find them in the 
company of the Fenians. 

CHArrtK vn. 

TuK Last of tuk Gueat Oses. 

WiTu ouo groat and splendid exception there bas been a blcady declina 
in Ihu intolleclual stature of Iritdituen fruni the period of the Union to onr 
|Own day. For such names as Burke. Uraltan, Flood. Hntchinson, andj 
the, we ahanid find it more than difficnlt tc provide correlatives. Ona 
thej-e waa, however, who nnited within himat>lf all the mental traits that 
l^ngliahmen like brat to value, and all Ibal Iriahmeu love to claim aft_ 
liiUoctivcly their own. He was of nil raaacmora the most closely and^ 
;ly logical, and of all orators the most counnciog and Uia mfyt^ 

irroeisUUc of Lis nge. There was n eindied simpUcitT in hiB lUdltMi, 
tho BRmo tiniR that illiiKtration ciuriA from biiu cnkHy am) wi<1]. Tho 
process bv wbicli he ImUt up h)» proof wns a tilow mHr^biillitig of sU tbo 
RrgnmcDta in his fiirour, livithont nny display or ostonUiLuin wlutlcTcr; 
nbtniuiug your aewDt to each in torn, he possfld on In Bacecssion frum 
XcBRcr to greater, rarcfuliy securing each f>tep as bo went, by iQciduntally 
coufroiiLiug uU that could he alleged Agnioet it, and ingeoiouoly showing 
how it should be distinguished from this or that line nf argumoct, to whieb > 
weakness might be attnebed ; and then, when conviction wm fast breaking 
on the hearer's mind, he bore doi^'n vith one ot those borate of eloqneneo 
— the most lofly and impassioned — in which all that could appeal to the 
intellect was blended willi whatpvor could addresa itself to feeliug and 
^mpatby ; and all this while ho seemed like one bo carried awsy by a 
strong oonTJetion that bis fignres and imagtfH were scixed at randam, and 
that in the whirlwind of his passion he could neither choose nor control 
bis course. Such was Plunket, 

Brongham compares him to Enikine, bnt with this difforenoe, that 
Plunket's sncci-ases in the Senate fully eijuallud bis reputaliini at the bar. 
The late Sir Ilobe-rlPeel declared Dmt Plnnkct's speech onllie Eniaucipa- 
tion Bill, in 1832, was the finest display of oratory erer heard within 
the walls of Parliament, and a eonsnmmate art cntJqae, Lord L}*ttan, 
has left OS on impeiuhablo inscription on tho ohoraoter of Plunket'a 
eloquence. Lord Ilrougham comparea him — and Tcry aptly — irit3i i 
Uerry-er, nud Ibcro was in the natnrcs of the two nivu much that auiwdl 
out the resemblance : — Groat dignity, almost beverity of demeanoar.] 
immense Fclf-possesfiion and itelf-conlrol — even to restraining powttraj 
whoso display would have achieved succcbs, but not the succcits for] 
u'hii-h tho owner was most anxious — and a mautcry nf irony that 
cuuld approach, hut over which each kept careful walch, tievcr snlfe 
tho tomptation of the brilliant sarcafnn to weAken the iniparlial forte ol 
tho argument. Ploukct's wil was essentially French ; it wna curt 
opigrniomatic ; and when, to the remark of Lord Essex, that Bir Johifc] 
Lunch's bnillier so reicmhled him it seemed as though the manner 
lu tho family, Plunket remarked,—'*! should as boou have thought o( 
n woodea h'g running in the fiunity," — the whole sum of an argument w| 
contained in tho sarcastic rejoinder. There was an especial ueatncaa it 
his phraseolof^y, loo, that carried out the re;jombluncL< to Fronrh wil. 
I I remember one instance of tbo <iuiekni;8fl with which he cuulil puit 

^^^^Hft witty jest, and whose merit as nn impromptu Uiere ronUl tio no denying. 
^^^^»lt was when the lute Chief Justice — then Mr. fjefrcn- — wa» on« da] 
I pleading before Lord Plnnkct, in Chancery, and, though with many L< 

I bfrure him, uiadu rrpealel nppeals to tbo Court to dorir tbo proseoi 

I of the argoment Ut the ft>Uotrisg day. Tho Chancellor, opposed ii 

I majwcLa to [^otroy in pulilicB, was well aware with wimt ohjwt tho post^ 

I ponemont was re>]nofltcd. It waa the dogreo day at TKnity CoUef 



»lio ins a e&DdiJato for the roprcsftutation of tbo UDiTdmitj, tfab enger 
to bo on Lhe spot to CAQrass tLo coDBUtaoucy. Lord Plunkot, mlhcr 
iunu9«4l at tl)o opportanity of mildly torturing a political opponoDt> replied 
to all tlie Liuls at poBtiKmemont by etatiag IbnC tbo Ooiirt was (loifo prc- 
»rcd tohoarcoonwl — the dnyTrnsyot early — there were still several hours 

the service of tbo Eoit ; whoa Le&oy. losing all paticoicc, docIare<d 
tliat a brief delay vas imperatively neceesar^', auA that bo coald not go on 
without an interval of prepomtion, which ho felt Burt; tbo Court would not 
refoae him. "We will a<ljouni, then, till to-morruw," said the Chan- 
cellor, "ainco my learned friend insists so Btrongfy on the neceBaily, 
and ho mar now comu to a ' couclueion ' that hu may bafilen to a Com- 

Of the innnmerahle paiuiBgui} of wit between Plankel and Burk(, 
desr and attached frionda all thron^oat life, the Iriah bar baa many 
traditions ; and it is only in the fear uf riijieuting what may bo well kuo\Tn 
tbat 1 refrain from relating Bomo. One little rcpartM of Burke, however, 
I am almost sure I may with safety chronicle. It dates from the time 
when Plnnket and Barke were both young, and in tlie period of tbclr fini 
snceeatios at tfao bar. They wore engaged on oppoaito sidei) in a well-known 
aetlactiou ca$Q, where each, with a seaee uf rivalry strung to the highest 
point, eodoavonred to acquit himself to tho best, lliey dined on the day 
of this remarkablo contest with a well-known leader of fiishioD and a great 
beauty of tbo Irish metropolis, who hcrgelf bad been a witness of tho 
splondid (iratorical HiRplay in Court. " I am curiuus to know,*' said sho 
at table, " which of you two gentlemen believes bo achieved the victory 
to-day.'' •*/. certainly," cried Plonket, "I made you cr\f." "Very 
true," said Burke ; " bat / made Sergeant Leiroy lau'jh I " 

Tbu popular x>iurty lu Ireland have frequently iilttimpted to attach 
blame to PInuket fur his conduct iu the CAAn of liol)t<rt Emmett, ami even 
accused blm of a privato friendship with the man whom bo no nithlcsaly 
assailed, when in tho dock, for treasuu. There is no truth in this, 
FInnket had not eren acquaiutaDce with the Emmetts, and with the single 
exception of having once dined at a public dinner in company with 
Tliiimas Addis Emmott, never met any of tbo family. That Robert 
Emmotl io«t his fat« as an unresisting victim, and that a generous bj-olty 
might haTO spared him eron rrpmarb, is true ; but Plunkcfs caso was 
pfculiar : be had been known as tbo &iend of Wolfe Tono, and in the 
earnest di'Dnnciution ofreboUion be made therowas a studied determination 
to dissociate himuelf firom theiM men of advanced opinions, and to sboa* 
Ibot he, at least, sought to walk in tho ways of the CoQBtitntio& for aneb 
changes as ho desired in the Stato. The patriotism of Graltan. wboHs 
memory Plnnkel never coasod to cherish with a warm and loving r«-o- 
rencc, was that which Pluukel always uphold. It was rrohiad great id 
ertity liberty enjoyed by England, tbo vqiial of England iu every privilege 
and immunity, freo in all freedom of tho atrouger ooantir, and yet not 
Bobeerviontly losing peculiarities of rac« and triuta of mind in doferenca 

TOL, XII. — so. l!i8* 'V^. 


to the dommance of the more powerful imtion. This was QrattaD's ere 
aud there is not mnah to Sail faoU with in it. 

In the BsaortioQ of coojtiiercifJ freottom for Ireland, and id a 
mined oppositiou to the logialativo noion with Eoglaud, Plnakot di| 
tiuguished hinuolf as a derotod follower of Grattjui. There vrcre 
pabUc men more rotblessly, nurelentingljr attacked bj the press 
Flaiiket. Of the charm of his maooer in priTata Ufe — and they wl 
knew him tbiu speak of it as a porfout fasciuatiou — his dtHplnys in (iuIjI 
hord DO trnco ; bo was cold, stcnii nod forbidding, Hud in bis snrc 
there was a degree of indifierence to the pain be waii iutlicting tl 
soTOnred of cmeltj'. Hany of the commeota on Mm vere grossly ui^'ast 
as, for iusLoiKso, when hu spoke of cortiun opponcuts as rausnckiug 
records of former goncratjons to liriog railing aoonn&tioiiH ngiunst tbi 
CatholicB of the present dn}', as men who " tuniMl Ui»lor\' inui nn old 
almnaack." The phrase his been ascribed to him, as thoo^h be hitufl 
called bi)itory an old almaaiu-k ; and even in the Honso of Commona 
blundering ciLlnmny ban found ii currency, luid been repualod aa iba 
metaoruble cpitbi.'t ul' fxird Pltmkot. 

To Irish appreciation I'lonket's grave and dignified domeaoour 
saronrcd of arroganco ; but Iboro ivas none ol it in hia nature ; hit seU^ 
posgcasion, too, aecmod to cxpoM htm to this cpnsoro, for there vaa 
ibim that amount of roliauce and trust in bis awn povors that often gavi 
bis cftlm, collected nttitudo and impressive expression n look of prid 
and baugbtineas. lo attempt to sorpriae him into any weak adnussion^ 
to startle him by some novel admission, or disconcert him by an int«i 
mption, were utUTly hoiK'loas. It is told of Harry Beane Grady onc«1 
having plnoiicd what bo tbought mast have cansed n distracting intonnp-j 
tiou. \M)ilo Pluuket was iaguniouely following oat the details of a dosi 
argamcnt, he plnoed before him a letter, and wluHpered, *' Frank that fa 
me." It was in the old days when that prinlcge pertained to Membc 
of Parliament. Plimkct, who as qoiekly dotected the artifice, bat 
not snOer it to discuucort bim, drew a shilling from bis pocket and pi 
it with the letter back to him, and went on with his spoocb, not permit 
Iho incident in the slightest degree to interrupt Lbe flow of bis disconrtc. 

Small traits those, bat they mark the mnn most distinctively, uud th^ 
ioviuciUi-- tenacity nith which be could attach himself to a canse mi 
him throDgh oil bitt lifu. CuthoHc Emancipation owed more to Plunks^ 
than to all the other advooatcs. Nor is it without a peculiar interest fo 
ns, at the pr'^soot day, tbal one of the stnmgest gruund<j on irbich bi 
mpportcd tliat measure was the incroased secni'ity it would give to Hu 
EstaUishod Church in Inland. ** Sir," said he, " I couaidor the anfetj 
of tho Stato as ossenttally intMiroTeD with the integnty of the Establis 
Baeoii. The Established Cbareb is the child of fraedom. The UoEonna^ 

igMV out of the fr<' *'','" 

i^hBgatiuu with mor- 
1b9$$ to taiso thu fahrio of uuz libcruus. Oar civii and nhigioas 



vonid caclj of thorn lose maeb of their Recurity if thej vrora ool so 
deeply iotlenled each nitfa the other. Tho Church need oot bo apprehon- 
ftivo. It is a plnnt of the growth of thrac handrcU yeim; it has alrack 
iln rout into the StaLo, and DOthiug ehart of a politioal eartbqaalce can 
overtnm it. While the State is safe it mast be bo ; bat if the Blalo be 
endangered it cannot bo Becuro." 

When, bj the d&ath of Lord Londondorrr, Canning soccceded to 
power, ho gpeodiljr sought out PInnket and offered him the Mastership 
of the Rolls iu England, with n peernge ; but the bar of England, 
jeolouB that their ovn bud^ ahonld be passed over bj tho promotion 
of an Irishman to this high post, so resented tbo np[)i3intmeQt thnt 
the nominatJoD wa« rescinded, tmd PInnket accepted in its place the 
Chief J^elic<■!^bip of the Common Pleas it: Ireland. There is no donbt 
tbul Plunkut felt dei-ply the.iusult, as much thron-u on his country 
as himself. He wna not n man to undervnlne tho BignHicaDeo of snch 
offcusiTc treatment; but he vas not one to make any pamde of bis 
indignation, or display his voonded sensibihties. Unhappily, too, it 
was not the last injury he was destined to reeeiro from a party to whom 
hisaerx'iees hod been priceless: be was driven to resign the Irish Chanoeltor. 
ship to make room for Lord Campbell, an appoiotmont to which, to u»e his 
own words in taking a fivewoll of the bar, be bad himself no part or shuro 
in. " For the elianges which aro to taku plaue, I am not iu the slightest 
degree nnswerable. I Imve no share in them, nor ]iavo I given them my 
sanction. In nolding mT assent to tho proportion for my rutiromcot, I 
hare heeo governed solely by it having been made a personal favonr by 
one to whom I owe so much that a feeling of gratitude would have lefl it 
^morally impossible I ouuld have done otherwise than a-slgn." These 
ore his last words in public, and thongh ho lived many years afWr, it 
eolirety enrrouniled by his children and grandchildren, and a fow 
Id friends who could remember the stirring scenes of tboir early 
Uves — events which now engaged his interest far more thiin the topics 
of tho hour. He died in his ninetieth year, the last of those great men. 
whoso brilliant oratory made the last debates of the Trish Ptirliiuneni 
I memorable in the annals of eloquence — a rare iustauee of ono npou whom 
fall tho honours and distinction he hnd won — and they were many— wore 
still immcasumbly below the merits that achieved them. 

Plunkot should have boon in the Cabinet, and had he been an English* 
man bo would have been there. 


Tii£ O'CoNNELL Era. 

TnnO'C'onncll period in Trolnnd is the latest to which I mean to advert, 
^d to that only passingly. The times &ra too recent in our memory, 
too full of iolluanoes which bear upon the ^t^^uuH^ \a viidcQAb ''^oRk 


riik'of -pnrtiRaQKliip in spciLking of tliom. Tliongh iinqucsticinalilj ih 
most ncUvo ycai-s of O'ConneH'e Ufo wore those pnsaed iu promoting an 
cconipliabiog Uio iirt of Ciitbolic Emancipation, ret it waa od1,t win) 
lit bill bccAmo law Ilia great iudaenco in IrolHud may l)o >*:ti«l I 
HftTQ 'litgaa, aoJ titat tbo powur hj wbich lio dictated t«nus to Euglnu 
for the govvrnmoQt of Ireland mnv he taken to have dated. Uarjavs* 
tioDaHy ublc as ba was, O'Coimell would Dcrcr liavo gone down 
to postftity nmoDget great L-ishmcQ if his cUima bad rebted on hb 
ndrocacy of the Belief Bill. There were br too many and too able eom- 
pctitors OQ^god in tliai mcmorablo straggle to permit O'ConnoU 
occupy % foreffronnd placo ; and whtire Cmmtng and Plnnttet, Ivord 
Welleiloy and brougiium were ranged, the Liberator would have shona 
with a very diminished lustre. It is tme his appeals to his countrymen 
wore cotichod m Inngnage, and nrgod ^rith a force which none of thow 
great orators conld have rivalled. In those statuuicntD, all overdrawn 
tbey were, of Knglish cruelty and oppresBion, and of gross injoBttcc to 
Ireland, it was very aniikely any of tbesa woubl hwvo atofljied to compete 
with him. His forte was invective, n. wild nnd passiannto invective, whicb. 
not satisfied with arraigning his enemy on the particninr count before 
bim, he liked to extend to hiu whole character and to hia Ufe, t^i show 
him, not alone gnilty of this or thnt act. bat as a mounter of hnuaa 
corroption and dtpravity, utterly tncapuble of all good, and totol^ 
nuwarthy of aympaUiy or compassion. 

In all be said or did, in all ho planned, prepared, or pcrpetmted. yon 
eaw the law}-0T far more thiui the statesman. Hia brief for Ireland wu 
indeed drawn by himwlf; but it was drnfled from the details supplied by 
others. Now it was Lneas, now Molyneux, now Grnttan, that bo stole 
irom ; the arrangement was, bowerer, Us oxrn, and hare be stood witboat 
compare! His adracacy Bocmed expressly made for tlie people it was 
addressed to. A mure Bcrupolous assertcr would nut have carried away their 
eouSdence ; a more delicate one would not have engaged tbcir syaipaliiics. 
Xo self-rofitroint set bound to his Timlence, no taste withheld hkn from 
Tulgarity, wbi>n vulgarity would serve his cause ; and as he olionnded la 
bumonr, and revelled in the sort of illusirallou that appeals to tbo popular 
miud, no wonder was it that they never wunricd of heiirir^* one who repro- 
duced their own sentimonls in tbo most attraciive forms, and impnrtefl 
a pictufcsqne cbaraclcr to the cummoncHl details of their daily lives. 
In Uio socioty of such men as Flood or Grattun, or Cumui, ur raruras, 
or Yelverloii, be would have hod no pbce. Hod ho lived in the days til 
the Irish Parliament wo ^ould, prubaldy. bavo only known him as a sort 
of bigher-onlcr " Bully Egout" a man of floout invoctive, fHMtM>mind«d, 
TiulfTut and uggnteaivo. 

As ri.>gard8 the issuo he WAS to plead, O'Coiuiell canut ul the fety 
mom^Dt, and in the very chape to was wuhImI. Thoro H:ie uu louger a 
tenaU to address, bat tbtro was a pct>pl« to Iw taikt-d to, t«lkcd lu tn «ll 
the freodom and all Ibo oon of eroiyday life, and faure was unit niiu 



Da ^ 



impenonatcd oil Lbc pasaions, prqjadkos and iasUucts of Uioac ha 
addroBSccl. More tbaa tbt; equal of most of his competitors at Iba Imit; 
ho wus <louie<l tilt! fiiir rewarils of hio pro-cmmCQCC. As a Catholic ho 
Biooil umkr Uio ban of «u'liit)u>Q, of which his great abtUticH proohumeJ 
the groM it^iiilioe. The hod; bo bclon^tod to were no longer in Lhojr 
formor position of porerty AQd iiini<^i&cauce ; thev had become rich koA' 
pruKporous ; a miJJle class, for tho first time, had beca oreatod within the 
robks of A pQopIo nlii'^h hitherto bad ooDsist«d of a focblo anetocrou.v aud a 
ttirbnlent.uucducatedniulliLudc. Tothosa meD,whoiiovru8pirod tonporfttct 
eqoalitj mth their ProtaHtant folio ir-Bnbjocts, O'ConncU eoold iLppcal with 
fliiccces. It hndheenadmittedbytheadrocates of tlie Catholics in bothUouBos 
of Pttiliaui^ut th»t the Crown should possoss such a power in theappoint- 
mont of Catholic bishops as might soom to 'i:^araQtoo thoir loyoltT to tho 
eUto. This was the relebrnted Veto question, on which Gmttati had 
laid inch stress, and to which bo pledged himself in his seat in Parlia- 
ment. O'Conuell's firat bid for popnlar favour was to dvnonnoo tliia 
conoesfiiou as an insult to the conscionco of the Catholics, and the people 
were appealed to ns tn whether they would suffer a pn>iligate aud plaoo* 
bimtiu)( ari-sLocnicy to make a luurchoudisu of thoir Ciitb ? 

That tho masses carwl rcry little for tho question, that tliey aeareoly 
Fvgardud it as one that could touch Ibeir ovni interests or nll'eet Ibeir own 
tires, may lie gnessed from Uie difKcnlly which the press of tho day 
had in popnlarizing the matter to its reftdora. The people, botterer. were 
at hut aroused, thongh possibly the subject-matter was not creu then 
TOty clearly understood, O'Connell himself relates the manner in which 
a connly Criar introduced tho quchtlaa to a rui-nl meeting. 

" Kow. Hill l»jai/hall, you haven't got gumption, and yoa must thcre- 
fbro be guided by them that have. Thia mooting is all about the Veto, 
d'ye see? And now, as none of ye know what the Veto is, I'll jnst make 
it 08 clear as a whietlo to yoz. The Veto, yoa see, is a Latin word, ma 
htnujhttH, and none of yvv: uudorstands Latin ; bat I'll let yoa know tho 
ins and oats of it, if yon'U only just listen to me now. The Veto is a 
thing that — yoa see, Iwye — the Veto is a thing — that the meeting on 
Mouday is to be lieM nboiit." (ITero there were loud cbeere, and cries of 
hoar, heart) •• The Voto is a tiling that — in short, boys, it is a thing that 
has puzrJed wisttr heads than any of yez I In shoH, boys, as none of 
ycx are able to comprehend the Veto, I ueedn'ttako up yoar time abonttt 
now ; but I'll give yna ILuk piece of odviec, boys ; jasl go to tbu meeting, 
aud listen to Couiisollor O'CounoU, and just do whatever he bids yez, hoys." 

Tho dictatomhip which O'Connell exercisnd was not c<iurnied io Iho 
inferior men of his paKy. It extended to the ver}* nbletit and highest 
iDlcUcirts among them, nod oven Hhoil, howorcr relnclaully he succmabcd, 
had to givo way .'tl last, and accept tlie {xxtitiou aud the range of part the 
great biiulcir cuudcsceuded to assign bJui. TUih fact aluut.' might have 
warned the English Uovonuucnl that it had not to deal with a mere 
prdinary demagoijao, a mas only capable of iuflueacvn^ i^Wt^ tnifiiJ!i»s».\»A 



and nncnltiv&t«d of the Inod. It should havo shomi tliem that the 
wliicb moulded to Us purpose tbe most gifted minds of tua cODtC'iuporatUM, 
and which epecdUj placed its poMOssor nt their howl m a Icfulcr. wns nni 
to be ignored or deiipiscd. It vns aseunied, boweTcr, that gross bmutb 
and Cnkehoodfi once exposed, their propagatora would be dlflcredit«d, (bat 
vitdunce would defeat Iteolf hy mere buoUcsa dictation, and Ibiit motlenla 
men, ceanog to bo influenced by oxtrnvogant pretecHOcs, would fall otf 
from their allegiance and leave the onior to tbe mobs, to whom Us 
appeals would be alone congenial. 

How plausible the prediction mjf^ht have appeared at the time, w« hnro 
lived to Bco bow little of prophetic truth it was inox'i^*^ ''J* O'ComMtll'a 
power lay precisely in his fitnesii for the time in which he fignrML Tll6 
higher aod nobler minds of Flood and Grattan would nercr hare gained 
the aieendency that he did. If they would not have stooped to mttch 
that he condesc^^ndcd to. neither bad they those varied rosunroes of Mieape 
from difficulty, those thousand tiud one deviceti by which be tracked Ike 
intentions of his adversaries, aod exposed tbe plans of a Uovenuneol 
sren while tb«y wore in the mere embryo conditioB of speculations, and 
warned his cottutrymcu of dangers that were iiapondiDg over Ibem, till be 
had conjured np a spirit that made tlioir eunctiauut impoesiblo. It wts by 
this watchfulno^, this iuceseaul pr^iit^'if^, that he won tbo oonfidentw of 
his conntrymeo, and Iiishmea came nt last to believe that, coroe what 
might, there was at least one man who was neither to be cajoled by the 
flatteries nor hoodwinked by the liuUleties of England. " Ban is oqnal U* 
them," was the oft>repeated boast of his Irish foUowora ; and in the game 
which was play«l with succeeding Cabinets, O'Coontll jiutified the proud 
coufidtiuce of his countr^TQen. 

If it WAA O'Connell'e fate to be overrated by his eonntrymet), he was 
certainly in biu earlier career mucli ondurvolned by thu EiigliHb cstimatci 
of him. Tbe very qualities by which he won his indnenco at home w«ire 
those by which bo was disparaged, nor was it easy to the critical press of 
England to forgive those endlasB repetitions by which all his addreatM 
were charaotertiiied, and yet it wag precisely through Utene same ittrratiooa 
that ho had made himself the guiding and directing opirit of a people, 

" There ore many men," aaid ho, " who shrink from roponiicu tbem- 
fielvcii, and who actually feel a repugnance to deliver a good ' ' oc 

a good argument just because tlioy have delivered that sentin] . •.hni 

argument beCoro. This is very foolish. It is not by advancing a political 
truth once or twice or ten times, that tbe public will take it np and adopt 
it. No, incessant repetition is required to impress a political truth on tbo 
public mitid. Yon must repeat the same lensuu ovor and over agaiii if j 
yon liopu tn make a permanent impreseiou, if yon ovon hope to impress U ' 
on the memory-. Such hns always been my practice : my ol^ect was lo| 
the whole peo]»le of Irebiod with important pohtical tntlbw, 
I oonltl only do liiifl \iy incessant rrpL-lilion. I RAVS OOttS w ))fVttyj 
■OOCUMFOLLT*" Men by always benriog the same tlunga inaemnhlj' 




sat« tlicm nith received trnismB, and ibej onmo to Kguil them bb a 
pnrt of tbcir relif^niiA belief. Sncb, UicrL'fare, &s feel their taste ofTonded, 
J their nice diacrimination injared, bv the wcariBoiuc recurrence of Ibo 

^U«ut;ht, or very often tbo Belf-fifiruo words, of im O'ConncIl oration, 
:cd to remember whnt wits the speaker's intentioD, to whom be 
laing bimself, and bow adviflcdl}' ho ttob iDcoTring what bfts 
exposed bim to an adverse criticism. 

Of hiu oratory it is not easy to speak — to describe it would be nigh 
ijnpossiMc. First of nil, bo had many manners, and bis skill consisted in 
the wav bo could suit htnuelf to a porttUar auditory. Tbo O'ConncIl of 
tbo platform or the opea-sir meeting wns very unlike the O'CodbcII 
picadiug at Nihi Prin.s, and sUII less like the O'Comtell of the Home nf 
Commons, When addrcdsing an andienco composed exclasively of his 
countrymen he gave full swing to every trait and scutimont of his CclUo 
nature. Ho know precisely liow much ofargnmcntatioD bis bearei-s would 
bear, and whore, when the reasoning process hod began tu weary, it was 
necessary to euhrcn tbo tbemc with an anecdote or a jest. As there is 
no form of wit that appeals so saccesafuUy to the Irish nature as that in 
which a ready reply, a sarciwtic rejoinder figures, he never failed to 
addacti one of these, of which his atom seemed iucihausUble ; and wboo he 
desited to attach a nickname to a political opponent, he did eo, with 
sncb cirenmstances of story and such aids to memory from iUoslralion, 
that the epithet seemed nailed to the object of it for life. To Irish ears 
there was a great charm in thut " brognc," bo full, so rich, so melodious, 
aiding drollery immensely by tbo sly sollnosa of its tones, and giving to 
tuitehcn of pnthctic meaning a depth of tenderness intoosety touching. 

If be was seldom great he was nerer dull, and no matter how many 
had preceded, him on the same theme, bo was certain to have iramething 
new, if not in (iicl, at least iu hiti Irealmunt of IL 

GiTc him a good point and no man made more of it, and the way in 
ihich, for a while, he would constitute bimscir the defender of what ho 
fflcant to ororthrow, the ArtoeAtn ,1,1 fUfn-vlu at a had cause, would display 
a power of exhausting a subject [lositivaly marvollous. With a theme too 
frail or too faultj to Im) sustniiicd by ai^inient he fell back on n sort of 
roUieking gi.>od bumour, in which bo would ridicule the pedantry that look 
only one view of the mitter, and laugh at the narrow-niinded absurdity that 
could impart to it any importance whatever. Truth never trammellvd. 
him, though what he mv\ of on opponent might in the next twou^-foor 
hours be Bho«*n lo bo false and Ubelloua ; that brief intcmil <if currency 
often Huflieed fur what he intended, and damaged a rei>atation beyond all 
power of recall. Qo bad on immense command of the foulest langnago 
of abase, and was thoronghly tmsorupulous in the use of it. SUtl it was 
remarkabtD bow, even iu bis most pni^Kionate invocttrcs, be preferred to 
ridicule some weakness or somu itmnll pcr^oniil peculiarity of his victim, 
rather than make a serious attack on his character, and in this, too. ho 
coDsulled the tono of an Irish andlence, who ue ii«^«t ^kAXat ^^wuA^^mxi 
N-iiea ibejr can temper their malignilif wiVh a UckA^ \«n^. 



They *ba kaov O'Conoell in hii ptmte Ufo^ detUnJ Ibai do limee 
of party aataKMitj or poIUioal faxtimaMf duhed lb« nay gpod-homoar 
of kk BAnaer. UuU. an ongezieroiu allnsioa to an »dTenu7 or m dtaagin^ 
«0fy HAW MKftped him, and Hat in bis car«l«ra geoi&lhj there wu am 
TWllffll of Iha tnan who, on the platfono, horied Ibt U*ekM( iamhs at }iia1 
Opponentet oor icniplMl to oTerwheLm them ivilli th« moBt dasdcnntB abnae. ' 

It is « point mneh contested, and. eo br an I know, rei; &r still from 
■etUod, whether O'CVmnclI vu sincere in Uis Sfptation for « Beped of tbs 
Union, and reaUy belierod that the in«asiire voold be for the benefit of 
Irelaadi or simply maintained the vacation as on open gzwrasee by iriiidi 
he eoutd emplnir a certain preasnre on any administratioo in power, 
iaereuing or ditniuishing his a^tation according to the circomsfauKes of 
th« timtf. No TQsn ever lived loss likelj to be deluded hj any risioiufj 
enlbuiiflii than O'Conncll. The warmth of his temperament nertr 
OTcrcame the atrun^^ jirscUcal common eensa of his mind, and he most 
thoraoghly well have understood that a more hopeless undertaking than m 
meunrv to repvol the Union cooJd not haro oceturcd to a politieiHU. It 
U. howercr. in this same hopclcssoeas that wo can detect his adoptioo 
of it. if wo accept the latter solntion of his policj, since,' in the impossibiUtj 
of eartyioK the measore, be seear^d the longenty of his grienuw*. 
Boeidca this, the qnestion was one which admitted of its advocate deploy- 
ing lipfiire the world all the unrodreseed complaints of Irishmen. whUa 
orgoiag that they could only be dealt with by a native parliament. It 
wu M thoQgh ho eaid— Here are the wronj^ which the House nf 
Commontt in College Grc>en would in(]mre iuLu And redress, and it depends 
npoa KD^Iaed whetlier kIic will herself apply the remedy, or compol bi 
to uaitert our rij^bt to employ it. 

It is in this way, I feel n^^nrcd, that O'Conncll regarded the qaestios 
of Kepcal, aod believed thtil the mere ogitatiuo of it would exact man 
ooooMsioDH from England than, had the measnre baea earnod, even na 
Irish Parliaiaenl wonid have been able to seooro for Ireland. In the 
hitt impaticDce of that pittriot party who called IhemseWea " Yonnj; 
Ireland " may, perhaps, hv seen how little tmst Lhoy n-poscd in the a>^ta- 
tioa, and how meanly they thoaght of the "fnl&e issue" by which their 
eountty's fiite was to be decided. Theee misguided, bat, pcrbsps, sincere 
men, duomrd that in this gaoio of lawyerlike orafl and subtlety the whole 
eh&racli:r ut the people wiis boiuji; fcradnally degraded and debased ; that 
trick and evasion, cvcu when successful, were but sorry iL-ssotiS to t^^och 
a nnlion ; and that the eouccssions which were yielded to bullying 
anoganee, or flung contemptuously to wearisome sappUcatton, were l«Bi 
bWiiiitKs Uiui (.-ursns to the Inud iliey full iipoo. For Uits perversion of 
patri'iliam, then, Lbcee men hatrd O'Conncll; while bo scorned (/i<w aa 
a set of meautoglcss, impracticable spontcrs, incnpaUo ul scrriBg any 
eauao, and ignornnt alike of the feelings luid the resuurecs of Enj^lonJ. 

Meanwhilfl, O'CunncU eontinoed to nso lUtpcal as n menan' lo what- 
r' )wer. If the Corwemtiroa wr- j 

-oipuDeei that had aeeouftlishtd I . - ..n 



Whlt^ W6re in olficd ha rabdood hucomplaiat« to ft mDrmnnDg discontcDl, 
temporarily appdisad bj eertaia aoncoxsions, and, aboro all, by the 
tnai^rar Ut bim of all, or nearly all, Ibe patroiia^fu Iti ufBcu in Itvln&d. 

Il' lU'poM, tli'Tiiforo, tui};;hl scam n ratxskery iiu<i a Uolusiou to niiuir, 
to him it 'wa<t intlauiioo, po^ar, and stAlioo, sbilitr to mlvuuixi antt 
promote hU fricuds, iind, the scnrco loss plonaiug power, lo revenge himself 
ou his euomios ; and hero it it worthy of note, thai, though a man of a 
warm and {^cniiU nature, oud with uiitriy iraili; of generosity in h'lA 
cliaractrr, tUuro nas in tbo viodiotivuuods with wbich O'C'umjoH followed 
np nn itijary nn amoant of malignilj xcry difficalt to reconcUo wilb bis 
usual conduct and bearing. 

TbuB the cbuHttsumcDt bo once mot with id tlio '* House" {rom 
Pogbcrly he never for^'ot nor foi-gavo. It luid bcun, it is true, a sur- 
pasaing success, nud bolb sides of tbe Hoaso had cheered on attack 
whiob, from hia own countryman, and viih his oim weapons, had corn* 
pletoly eonfatcd him, aud overwhelmed him with shame and confusion. 

\VLc-n, then, ou Lord Anglesey's return to Ireland for tha soeond 
time 03 Viceroy, it waa inlimBti.'d to Dogberty that his Kxrellency desired 
to 8e« bim, il was to Iconi tliut bo was to bo advanced to tbe bonch tis 
Chitif Justioo of tlio Commoa Picas. 

Poghorty's practice at the bar bad ncrc^r boon of tba bigUof t, nor hnd 
his Rtutidini^ platiL'd bim amongKt tbe Iciulors, frbilo bia abilities vexo 
freely udtnittcd and bis pui-souul popularily aetuully uoboimdcd. Whou 
ho rotarncd bomv, tbcrcforo, witb his good tidings, thoy were not tbe loss 
nilisbed tbat tbe anoounccment was made to a room full of a company 
who had dined that day with him, and who greeted the bows with all tbo 
Warmth and euthusiasm of friendship. That lbs appoinimouL was oiio 
spectiUly ttRkcd for by the Viceroy blmaelf as a personal favour to liiui, 
giiTo it, besides, an additional valuo to Dof^crtj, who had a great admira- 
tion and regard for tbo gallaot aoldior. 

Xho hearty cougratolalious on the oreut were scarcely over, when a 

md messoQgor summoned Dogbi>rty to the Cii<itlt<. li was now close 
ou midnight, and bu found tbe Marquis Inbonring under considemblo 
excitement and betraying gruat auxiety and irritability of manner. " I 
hare sent for you, Bogberty," said be, "to ask a favour — so great a 
favour, indeed, that I do not know how to frame my request fur it. Bo 
you feel yonrstilf in a mood to roftiso me aotbiug I could ask?" 

*< I Iwlievo, my lord, I am able to give yon this assurance." 

" Wult. IbDu, my request i» Urn, tbat you will completely forgot the 
eonvcrsotiun I bold with you two hours ago — that you will regard all that 
passed between UP as wm uremt — and tbat my offer to yon, ami yonr 
acooptaucb of advancomeut, hare no r-xiKtcneo wbatex^r." 

" On ono condition, my lord, I accept all this, which is, that you inform 
me what are tbu rijusnns which have induced jour Exoellaacy to make 
luch a request." 

' ~ r a abort panac and a sln^o, in which Klmmo «n-d\ \i<jt.\«i 


ontirely impprefliied, the SfArquis proemded to sty tli»t O'ConnoU had 
boen with him immodiatdy sfter tho firet interview, Riid eagerly entered 
npoa tho new law appointments. Tboagh making no etrenaotis oppoai- 
lioo to tlio olhers. oo sooaer bad ho heard of this to tho Comman I'leu 
thim be doclored tbiit if snoh a promoticm wore to bo made he wmld 
withdraw aD his snppc^rt from the GoTcrameDt, and give tho HdnuDistTa- 
tion his most lierco nnd dnmnging opposition. " He gires me ou6 choice," 
Riiid the Viceroy — "it is, ho or yo« I It is, therefore, no longer a 
personal matter is nt isme : it is tho foto of a Cahiuot ; it ifi the life of a 
arhilstrjr ! " 

"In Ibnt case, my lord," answorod Dogherty, proudly, " I will not 
permit yon to rt'call your words. My persona! obligations to yoo are 
such that I am ready to Eacrifice any advantage to an individnal reijatoit 
Gram you; hnt that I ahould yield to the tynumons dictation of Hr. 
O'Counctl, would disgrace not alono myself, hut the profosaion I belong to. 
1 hold yon, tlierprorc, to your word, my lord ; it is for jon to muintaiii 
or to witbdnw it." 

Dogherty held bis grotmd and was raised to the bench, and O'Conodl, 
separating himself from tho Whiga — tho base, bloody, and bmtal Whigs, 
as he failed tliem — began thai connie of opposition which only stopped 
short of a civil war throngh the Liberator's own dread of personal ooo* 
seqneQCcs. Thoagh he had organized seditions riolenee with what Uwlcod 
like tbo daring of a bold and conrageons man, O'Connell waa evidenlly 
deficient in personal *' plnck," and when, on tlie memorable 12th October, 
he was told that the Oovorninent would prosecute on a charge of high 
treason, well knowing that they would not risk such an issue without 
good reason to anticipate success, and aware Irom what material, iniroical 
to him, a Hublia jnry would he drawn, ho gave way at ouee to deep 
dopreasioD, almost despair. " [ fienrcely think," said he, " they will 
attempt a prosecntioD for high treason, though, indeed, tb^rc is hardly 
anything too desperat* for them to attempt. If they do, I will tnika mj 
eonfession, and prepare for death." 

When ho foand, howerer, that ha was to bo tried for " eonspineyi** 
ho scoffed at the whole proecoding, oud laughingly spoke of how he would 
pass the time in gaol, and how littlo injury his health might bear, if bo 
only wore to follow a few simple mles of diet and exercise. 




It \xi» been somotimN eatd that O'Cnunrll owed no smoU Bhore of the 
aseeuduney he aeqolred to tbo great iureriority of his cootempomries in 
eomparison with tbosa who had proeodod theoa in the pabUo iiU of 
Inland. Tbif< is bv no mwuu true. Of tba great aames nhidi the lasi 
atrngc^ lor naliouaUty hwl mtd* IdflldciMl, aereral nurirod. Biuhei 


Flunket, Sanrin, Sir William Smith, Dnrrowefl, Holmes, and O'Gradj 
wore either od tbo bench or &t Ihc bur ; while of a later gouoration it ia 
only neeessarv to qnoto Shcil, Xorth, and Dcghort^, ooch of whom had 
almidy'achicYod high snccess in the EogUsh House. 

For -many reasons the bar of Ireland haa alvrsjs iuclndod full four- 
fifths of the highof^t nbiUlj of the land. It is not aloue thitt iu rcwnrdii 
arc the greatest of all professions, and thnt throngb it the path to pnblic 
life lies must easily open, bnt thnt the character and hnbits of the career 
are most in accordance with tho naUonal mind. Thnt perpetual toiiraa- 
mctit, where mind h pitted agitinst mind, whose reiy essence U a porstmni 
rivalrj* with Uio daily opportunity for diirpliiy, are immenso attriiclioas to 
a roeo iu which eombatircDcss ia a strong ohoracteristic, and tho passion 
for notoriety not n weak tmit. Tho discipline of tho law^-cr's mind was, 
besidea, tho great training exercise for that conrersational snccess so dear 
to eTery Irishman's heart, and the possession of which always secored 
its owner a high placa and great favour in the estoom of his countrj-men. 

In the pro-Unionite period tho finish of ft gentleman's education was 
a call to tho bar, and certainly tho culture of tho time has thrown no 
disparagement on the practice. AVith Anthony Maloue commences tho 
fiune of the Irish bar. Grattan spealts Of him as a man of tho finest 
intellect any country over produced. '*Tho three ablest men," odds ho, 
•* I ercr heard were Mr. Pit! (the father), Jfr. Xrurray (Lord Mansfield), 
and Mr. Malono. For a popular assembly I would chooso Pitt ; for a 
iVivy Council. Mansfield ; but for twelvo wise men, Maloae." 

Next in tho order of those Irishmen who Jiave bequeathed a classio 
fame to tho bar camo Hussey Burgh, of whom Grattan spoke iu terms not 
leaa stronit " GifUd witli groat talent, great variety, wit, oratory, logic, 
if ho had tho wcftknese, bo bad also the pride of genius. He strove to 
riiise hia country along with himself. The gates of pr>}motiou were 
closed against him, as tho gates of glory opened to him.*' 

Tbo hut of this " mould of men " wan BuKho, soarccly, if indeed at 
nil, tho inferior of tho oth&r two I bare mentioned. For purity of Htyle, 
Sot variety of imagery, for elogauce of diction, and a gracefulness in 
expression thai constantly reminded ouo of Cicero, Basbe was pre- 
emiuently dlsUugalah^. Theiio men formed the Augustan ago of tho 
iriiih bar, uor Iwre thoir traditions entirely died out within our own 
memories. Hheil's briUiancy, marred as it was by every disadvaiitnge of 
Toieo and manner, Uvos in tho recollection of all who hare hoard him — 
the most astonishing display of varied cloquouce since tbo days of Curran. 
Korth, B anmo almost forgiHtou already, was perbnps the last of that 
cbuti'ic school who gave to their native louguo all tbe elcgnnco and fjoish 
of tbe Latin, and ia wbofe perfect sentences not n teniio nor tin epithet 
could bo changed with advantage. North died young, some say brokui- 
henrted by what he decmeil his want of sncceHS in the English noiiao, iind 
which he entered with a reputation only a little lower than Gnillau's. 
Indeed, his fame at the Irish bar was unbounded, and man; dttchiLi«d\u.'^ 
fapy tbo e^ual of Currao. 




U ]| itnjigft thai no caHoetiod baa been nukde o( hu >pMeli«fl. «f 

nliieh even the fntgmcDlfi tlmt newspapers hare pnsened an ameogst Uw 
gamiest divplars of Inch ploqarnoe. A lender BensiUTene&s, nlrmfft 
womanlr in doliracv, ill fitud bini (or ihe rungh usagb ot |)ulibe life, luid a 
high^ pooiio temperament KpamtM him, in eriapaUiy at least, Ironi the 
mawaa among wbum hd mored ; but with all this, he had a manly vigour 
uul daring, that only needed phpical powera to hata mada him ooo of 
Ibe must couHpicuons men that Ireland tad st-nl tii tbi^ Eti^Uab " House,." 

In that memorable trinl of Lord Wcll^iOiiy'!) era in IfpIuuI collad Um 
[totUo Ctniflpiracy, wLcn Pltiukcl, Lhcn Attuniev-dcuural. ndicnltid, wilh all 
the iritliering powers of hU sarcasm, the contamptiblo cxhibilion of soma 
Oraogfl tltBpla;r, its Uvtiry blazonry, and ita taaJefaas daootAliun, Xortli 
nplierl in a passage wbJcb, ill-roported as il is, will stiU runfoy soma 
noUciQ of tbo stylo and cbsraelvr of his manner. And it is veil to 
remcmUr Ibat a voice modulated to perfection, and on caandalioa 
singularly svcot and captirating, imparted a graeefuloess ftilly equal lo 
Ibnt of tbo words tbemsolves. Pluukut, to conciliate the Oran^ jturmoi), 
wbo mnslerud Btroufjly in tbc box, bad introduced that eolo^om ou Kiu;{ 
William wbicb, probably, as panegyric, has never baen equalled in our 
lunguago; to this North replied : — 

" Tbo Attomey-GenenU has poDrtraycd the cfaanct«r and sicetcbed ibo 
hietary of Iviu^ William. I shall not altcmpl to follow him tbore. I 
filiiill iioL tiuU-r totu any sacb viun and fouli^b cmnlntion. I might as well 
lliiuk to Hboot arrows at the fiuu. Ucntlemon, you have beard tbafc Kd* 
description. Tbo Attomey-Geaeral has laid bis ofiering on the altar of 
King William, — an ofTuring of bis own workmAusbi|), freab from Ibo miut 
of tii^ tmnscendcDt gonins, and glowing vith all Uioso divine attribaies 
lUid God-like ^nolilieH which the power of >i Hublimc eloquence fn^bltA 
him to stamp npou it. Uut let him not therefore sncor at the poorer 
ofroring uf bumbler men to tbe same objoct of this worship. His gifl was 
c i-vrn- Wity worthy of him, sotted to Ins cxtraordinury talents, hia 

nod tj)»tc and bis snpcrior education, but we are taught to tehero 
that the mdc wonder of the shepbords was as accoptftblo as the gold, 
franVb«enno, and m^rrh of the Enstern kings. 

*' Tbo Altiirncy-Gvnurul han taunted Lbess poor men witb their want 
of tastu ; Ibu snnlius and scnrvctt witii which they docornted tbe statuo 
were tawdry and vulgar, it senmfl, and the mantua-makcr of King William, 
as he leruied liim, did not n^tist his uiUinofy ns well as might be ; but, 
geiitlemi'U, thin i* not b point of tnMe, it is a nisUiT of fiTeliug. The 
soldier in tlic battle clings with us much dovitiiuu and fidelity lo hit 
tjiltorcd colours as if tboy diiipUyed tbo paintings of Itnlictis, ur tbo 
duKigiis of ftaiiliaol. I tbsrororo claim fnr thc<e pwr men what the Attoroey* 
Uvnerol luu ciNituM dw tiimHclf : 1 ^eluim the ri^bt tn iixnrraa in their omi 
bomdy di:. r own vulgar an' ini r, if you 

B-ill hftv*' u , : fur tbe ia»nu>iy 01 i i-, and tbedf 

gntituda fiir the iNUiallt bo bas coolerTeJ upon tbvm and on tbaur cowtiij. 
'^Ofh MvatimeDl; or swh a^tmm of ttici&i ^w iuk<{ W2i va^ wn wK 





jiinlifiud by rewwii or x'liUosopliy, anJ if you will argno Uio polut with ma 
like ntotapbjsictans luid pliilosopbon, I aball bu compcUed to odmU that 
Ibej are not. But be it they aro not rcuon, I tcU yoa tliey nre uiiLui-^ 1 

" There is a principle imparted Id tbc bimino broitst for tiiu blglieHt nud 
nubliiftl {iiirpoFeK, tliat, by attrftolinnn which uo cnnnnL lUwnys ex])luin, but 
which wc eaa never resist, draws us together into bauds aud compiuii<.-5 of 
kindred foeling : sometimes it is the rocoIUction that wd are gpnmg from 
the caao endeared ood conaocratcd soil, Bombliiucs the Bpint-sLirring 
thoDght that vre hav« drawn our loyal awordu in defence of the samo 
sovorcigD, and the Bam« luw, aud pr4rbii|»s Uio toncluug remembrance that 
we have bowed together before the uliur of a common faith. ^SHiatevfr 
tbey may be, they are iho links that join bcai't to heart, the fine cords that 
bind man to man ; Ihcy aro as scnaitiTe as they ard strong, and nercr can 
be broken with impnnity. If the Attomey-GfiQoral had consolted the 
illastrvina perarm at thit head of his Mnjesty's Govemmont in thiti ei>nnlry, 
be could hnvc told him that oreu the feeblOi pUaut Hindoo, who bows bis 
head before every confincror, Christiiui and Mabomedan,!nr and 
Knropcau, will nut permit one darling rite, one ancient usage, one cherished 
privilcgi' to be loachod, reroltcd, or diatnrbod. 

" Not Tamerlane nor Jengis, not Clivc nor Wcllesley, in the plenitndi) 
of their jiower, cvfl* darvd to assail liim iu the snuctuary of his feeliiiiiR, 
and iibftll Irishnien endure, in tame and nocoinplaiuitig submission, what 
would not be borne by the feeble and euelared Uindou ? " 

After North, but it must bo said lon^o intm'alh, came Dogherly. 
Doghcrty hod no pretension vrhateror to bo included iu that seloet loiot 
which stands out as the clossric bar of Ireland ; he had none of the 
8choIar<like riaBlities, or of thiit ratined cnltnrc, which, dcsci'ndtng {rnm 
Ihlalooo to Baahe, found tboir last representative in John North ; bat 
DoKherty hud rery f^rctil gifts, aud they were all of them distinctly, 
palpably Irish. He Iind all the blended wit and huiuunr, the airy viva- 
city, the strong iilTDetion, and the headlung da^h and itilrepidity of th^ 
Colt. Ko hard usage of the wurld, mi rough reverses, ever soured a 
temper that soomcd made for generosity. With his fine person, his high- 
bred look and iupoaing carnage, ho recalled less the gowned baniitter of 
the Four Courts than the Irish noblo of the days of Versailles and its 
conrt. Ho showed us wbut iIiomc high-bred and ehivnlrons Irishmen were 
like, who, vilh all the cbnnn of local oolour aud Karopcau cnllure, prc- 
aented to the coart« of the continent the most finished gentlemen of Europe. 
Ilia popularity in the English House was rniboonded ; and the iray in vhich 
men gRtliemd uanuil him in the lobbies aud avenuea of the House to li^l*.'U 
to hia cbeort-, high-hrau-t^-d l^Ilc, ever tiousiblo and evtir witty, is amongst 
the pleasant memories of some of the fcvr who son-iru him. 

It is said that Poghcrty was the otdy Irish representative O'CouncII 
ever qimiled before iu debate. The certainly that D(»glicrty's lunnly 
fnmkufitiK uiid his genial good-humour would pri-ilittpose ko many in bis 
fiivour, oodtbr knowledge tliat no provocation could disttitb tbft ^«;av^^t 

of one vlio foU that tua tionoor was nnassailftble. made O'CooucU uore 
than rohictniit to attack him. In one mpmoniblc case, the Ponrrnil 
couspimcy it vns cuUc>d, O'ConucU did forget IbiB prudence, and notnally 
tJireaUned to impcAch him at th« bar of th« Hoom. Doghprty met tbo 
cbftlleugo, and, in a apeech worthy of Canning himself, made his oppo- 
nent endnro, for nearly an hour, on assault in vbirh the most KarcitHtia 
ridicule blended with a withering ecora. It vrns, coached within the fonn 
of a reply, a bold sketch of a bio|^phy, in vrhich ealnnmy and hlsehood 
were held up to tibiuuc, and tba coar«e acts of a professional buUy held 
up to the reprobation of the nonf!«, and yet, thronghout the whole, tbo 
h-pcnitor neither wns carried away by tomper nor suffered one word to BBMpo 
him which chonld violate order or oven transcend the nUca of good tnslB. 
It vae a complete triumph, and aa a victory over O'Coonell, it stands pr&- 
eiuinently the mof;t signal over nchtered in the English Houee of Commons, 

It is assuredly with no Renao of fiolf-satiBfaction, far less with cxnl- 
tstioD, that we can compare the Farliomcnt of that day with the presont* 
as regards those who represent the talent and ability of Ireland. 

At that period Plnnket was in the hoif^ht of his Parliamentary fiune ; 
Pantell displuyed hiK \ant know]cd(;e, bin wide and nuinly views, 
streugtbenwl by an unswerving public eonslstoncy ; North wna couHpicuoua 
for that high-soaring clmjnenoe, that noble enthnsinsm, and that gcnerona 
ardour that marked the man of genius ; Fitzgerald, the Knight of Kcrty, 
vas there to recall tbo roady-wittodnees, the brilliancy and tbo humour 
nf the Iriyhmau of the old nchool ; Xewport and Spring Kice distiogoialiad 
tbeiiiaelves as tlueut and able speakers, well veraed on eveiy Irish ipias* 
lion ; and though it might open discuraion to claim Canning, certainly 
Crokor belonged indispiilably to Ireland, and in his writings, aa in hii 
Epeechofi, evidenced much that was characteriBtically national. 

It would bo an uugraciouii Uiak to muster thnse who now, in place of 
these names, represent the mtnd, tbo scntimuot, or the capacity of 
Ireland. The fact is indisputable : the descent from the times of Grattan 
ond Flood to O'Connell and Bheil is not so distinctly marked as frum 
the O'CunnoU period to our onu day; and the puhliu Jiguily and the 
political import.inco of the country has sufiered in proportion to tlie 
inferiority of lho*ie who represent it. 

Tbo time of Iriiih patriotism descended ODsnlliod from Swift to 
Grattan, and from Grattau to Phmkct; after whom came that brood, 
illt-i^Limuto deaeendanta as tfaty were, of Ihu great men who had m*do 
Ireland famous, to ijuarrol ovcrtbo inheritance and contest the birthrif^l 
till wo have arrived at a time at which Irishmen have ceased to ii '* 
the deatinies of the land of their birth, and aro uuly cuDsaltod li 
roundels may scrm to colonr Ifae already determined imGcj of tbusii w 
ntio ns. 




C^iirlw lurhpafrirh S^:irpt. 

Not so vory manj t^ua sgo, in imlking along tho streets of Edinbiirgh, 
II stranger wonM fauro been strack with tbo appearaneo of a figure to 
oflen seen there. U waa that of a UU, rnddy-conaplexioned, poweriWly* 
bajlt mac, dad in a louf^ blao snrtont or frock-coat a f^od deal (adcd, and 
. WBohiag donn to hifl ankles, n-bicb wcro uncAsod in silk-threjul stockia^ 
'bw Ji>et IwiDg throBt into sLous of tfao kind known as pniupa, abou^ 
vthich fluttered a copious Kiipply of silk riblwn. Hisi neckerchief wits 
downy, largo, nod bnJging, rolled ronnd the neck many times, and pro- 
Jocling in " wreaths like a groat poultice," as complete an anti-Brommollito 
an ever was worn. On his head towered a huge BmtTis wij; of light 
brown hair. His Unen was aiuplo and itpotlossly whiU>. It wa-t the only 
thing, according to Tlill Iturlnn, nhout hl-s pcnum whictb prevented you 
from supposing that ho had been " shot and stuftud on hitt roluru home 
from college, and sprinkled nnth the frowgy moiiMioosa which time imparts 
,to staffed animals and other things, in which a BcmblancQ to the fresh- 
inasa of living nature U vainly attempted to be prcKorvod." His umbrella 
ftna no exception to tho rest *of his moiUr. It xttta of grcco silk, with a 
eroeier- shaped horn handle and long ntout brass point — an mnbrclla 
eratnenity companionable, nonsible, and largo enongh to shelter a mode* 
ratoly-aizcd CuiuJy from the rain. Tbo stronger addressing him wouM 
find bis manners as charmingly antiqaat«i] as his costume. Uigh-brod 
and sodately digoilied, his manner filled yon with roepoct and carried you 
into a world of old courtesy and genuine pleasantneaa, where yon had to 
be on your gnuril against uudnu tiituUiitrity. 

This sLmnge person was as notable in bis character as in his sspeoi^ 
and manners, and if yon follow him home to bis house in Prince 
Sti«6t, yoa will sou in what direction his tast«s tij. As yon walk bel 
bim many peuplo turn round and took at him and spoak uf hiiu, and 
UU] one another of some token of the brilliancy of hia pen or the hnmc 
land sarcasm of his pi'Dcil — the minted grot«B<Luen«s3 and kindliness, fun 
and power that hy in both. Yon may have some dilhculty in getting 
into his house, where is Iuh celebrated museum. If you go there with tho 
idea that ho is an old man, and his wonderfnl collection merely a bobby, 
and show him that yon think so ; or if you go aa a uuui uf nuik ur u 
p«taon of quality, and look on him iu tho tight of a abon-man or exhibitor 
of bis mnsoum ; yon havo no chance of admittance. An old man witli i 
hid hobby — why, he rodo it as a puny wbuu a boy I To ho at the bock' 
ond-call of the groat of the land — why, bo himself waa Jusceud'Cil {c<sax 


two of tlio bost families in the cotintry, and felt thoir blood in liis veins ! 
For, as was remarked at tbe time of his death, he was a good deal imbued 
with the kind of pride of old Sir Edward Seymour, who, when asked by 
Charles II. if he was not a member of the Duke of Somerset's family, 
answered, "No, sire ; the Duke is a member of mine." 

But suppose you have the entree- to his museum. Yon will sec mnch 
there that is worth a long visit and careful examination. His collection 
was, indeed, multifarious — comprising all manner of carious and antique 
relies connected in some way with Scottish history ; pictures, — one or two 
Lclys and Vandykes, family memorials, and portraits of personages who 
bad in any way made themselves famous or notorious ; suits of armonr, 
graven images, old silver-work, trinkets, enamels, miniatures, easy -chairs, 
and naked statues, all amassed after no particular principle or method 
of arrangement. Each article had an atmosphere of association about it 
which it was pleasant to breathe, and its story was often more interesting 
than its intrinsic merit or value. It would be difficult, nay, impossible, 
to characterize his collection in a word or phrase. "What Hill Burton, 
writing of him under tbe name of Fitzpatrick Smart, says about his 
collection of books, is applicable to his whole museum: "He, through a 
long life, had been an enthusiastic and vigilant collector. He was fur 
from omnivorous. He had a principle of selection peculiar and seiiarate 
from all others, as was his own individuality from other men's. You 
could not classify his library according to any of the accepted nomen- 
clatures pocuhar to the initiated. He was not a black-letter man, or a 
tall copyist, or an uucnt man, or a rougb-cdgc man, or an early English 
dramatist, or an Elzevirian, or a broadsider, or a pasquinader, or an old 
brown-calf man, or a Grangcrite, or a tawny moroccoite, or a gilt-topper, 
or a marbled-insider, or an nlHio-jiriiicc}i>i man ; neither did he como 
under any of the more vulgar cluspiQciitious of collectors whoso thoughts 
run more upon the usefulness for study than upon the external conditions 
of their librarj' : such as those who affect science, or the classics, or 
English poetic and historical literature. There was no way of defining his 
peculiar walk save by his own name : it was the Fitzpatrick Smart 
walk." Association of some kind, no matter what, was, perhaps, the 
strongest recommendation an article could have for him. Thus, although 
his taste in pictures was cxtiuisito, yet some unutterably bad daub 
was dear to him, on account of some particular association it had to 
his wayward fancy. Before you had left his house he would have 
told you many a curious tale, many a weird legend, or some stray bit 
of family histon,- ; and in the course of general conversation he would 
have soid many a quaintly clever thing. If you had been talking of artists 
yon might have beard him say, " Artists — everybody artists now — fiddle- 
players I John Ketch, Esq., artist ! " "Though players are gone, esquires 
have como np; all the world esquires 1 " Talking of politics or history, he, 
perhaps, might have told you that a Whig, properly such, " always shows a 
complete ignorance of history as well as of human nature." Did yea wax 



Mfnj ttt anybody or (uivtluog, !in might hnvo Ittid yon ihat " angor improTes 
the njipearuice of nijtbinf; but n cat's liiil ; " or dii yoa speah of Bomo 
uiiworthy iiiemb«r of aa old fimuly. he might have said, *' Tho oldest 
checms have most mites, so old (umiliea with fillhy relations." Perhapa, 
beforo yon had Irfl him, Sir Wultar BcoU might have looked in, oud 
ealalfrd bim as Charles, — for Sir Waller aad ChnrlRR Kirkpilrtek Bhnrpd 
nen great frioDda, Lot as have a glance at Uio lifu of this strango old 
man. Thi>ru must Im much in it to amuse and interest ; there may bu 
something (o iiistnict and profit. A locontly pnbliabcd memoir, with 
gomo etchiogs and pliotogrnplia from his original drawings, eerve very 
pleasantly to rcirall bin imago to a younger generation. 

Charlos Kirkputrick Shiirpo iras bom at Hoddam Castle, in Diimfrios- 
rfiire, mi the 15th May, 1761. Ho waa th& Ihu-d son of Charles Sbarpo 
oflioddam. ondEleooora. yoaogerdanghterofJohn Itenton of Lammertou. 
Through bis father's connections he was related tft tho roynl race of Stnait; 
Ibrough hia mother's with tbe KgUntoon family. His nunt, Lady Murray, 
WW blessed, when a girl, by Trover, Biihop of I>arham, an old college 
triend of ber father's, irho was so houdEome a man that be gonorally went 
by the title of (ho '* Bcnnty of Holiness." Her father is said to hare once 
dined with Swift, and was mach aatonisbcd at the freedom with which 
Swift, at Lord IlaUfftx's table, recalled a dish, which had pleased bia 
Iwte, after the removal of the BrKt cunrflo. By the will of his mother's great 
uncle, who beijueuthed to Charles's father all his estates, he assumed the 
name of Sharpc, but Cbarlcs was too proud uf the ancestral gloi^ of tha 
Kirkpatricks to drop that cognomen altogether. He showed as much 
ToxattOQ at some onu having omitted tho initial letter of his truo pntro- 
n>-mic, as wo lately rend Sir William Hamilton did when at college, on 
bis mother omitting from tbe addresH of ber letter tho titlo " Es4]uire." 

Tho cnHtle in which be was born was a good specimen of the high 
doable tower with liortizan and steep roof common to Iho btuvnial era in 
Scottish history. It ia said to have been bnilt betwixt tho years 1487 
and 1 1fVl, by John Herries of HerrieH, tiickuonied John de Beere, a 
powerful Itynicr baron. In the middle of the sixteenth century it deseandod 
to female heirs, and soon nitc<rwards came into the possession of John 
Sharpc. Beforo the union of the two coontriefl, Uoddam was one of the 
places of defence in the Bonlent, and, in an appendix to tbe Border taws, 
we find it was nppoiut^vl to be kL>pt " wjtli one wise stout man, and to have 
with him four woll-horsed men, and thcso to bars two ntark fooLmou, 
aervauta to keep their horses, and the principal to bare anc stout footman." 
On the ridgo above Iba castto slauda tho tdngular wiuoro tower known as 
Ibe Tower uf Kcpentonco, to nbich Sbarpe thus alludes in one of bia 
baDnds :— 

Hn more to lisnc ncpealiinco Tower, 

At iwlti^lit •Itnll I (Tiiiy, 
Auil ticcm I beiir tho incrumid ]iour, 

Afar, her meltieg hf : 


ySoT see, alODg the rilrer landa, 

The flitting fairies glide, 
Dancing retreat, ffith twisted hands, 

As pipes the coming tide. 

This square tower is built of liewn stone, and over its door are carved 
the figures of a dove and serpent, denoting grace and remorse, and betwixt 
them the word " Hepentimce." Hence, although its proper name is 
Trailtrow, it is mnch more commonly called the Tower of Bepentance. 
By the old Border laws, a watch was maintained there with a firepan and 
a bell to give wamiog whenever the English approached the river Annan. 
It was built by the same Xiord Henries, the well-known marauding baron. 
Returning oneo from England with some prisoners, whom he had nnlawfoUy 
seized, a groat storm overtook him while crosBing the Solway Frith, and, 
in order to relieve the boat, he cut the throats of the unfortunate captiveB 
and threw them into the sea. Bemorse of conscience, however, after- 
wards possessed him, and he built this tower as a proof of his sorrow 
for his crime, as well as of his hope of future grace. Mr. Sharpens ballad, 
in reference to this history, is sweet and touching. He describes how 
Lord Herries sat within the tower and bewailed his crime one mootili^t 
night; his soul " sad and sair," and dark amid all the blaze of moon- 
light. He " gloured " upon the sea and sighed : — 

Tbc night is fair and calm the air, 

"So blaatA distnrb the tree ; 
Baith men and beast now tak tlicir rest, 

And a's at peace bat mc. 

He has lost that peace which neither wealth nor power can bring back to 
him, nor " beauty's) rolling ee," and be must ever think of the mouldering 
bones lying under yon silver ehimmering waves 
That softly rise and fa*. 

Ho thinks of the yellow hair of his victims, and their " e'en sae bricbt and 
clear," and of her who is sitting waiting, singing a woeful song for her 
darling who comoth not ; of the old grey-beaded man he did not spare, 
he says in a verse, which has been thought to equal the power of 

Bums — 

I ]ilnngcd an anld man in the sea, 
Whaso locks were like the anaw ; 
Mis hairs sail serrc for rapes to mo, 
In hcll my soul to draw. 

The ballad thus ends : — 

Itepentancc ! signal of my bale, 

Built of the lasiing stane, 
Yc lang shall tell the bluidy tale, 

When I am dead and gano. 
How Hoddam's lord, yc lang sail tell, 

By couEcicnce stricken sair, 
In ]if« sastilned the pdns of hell. 

And periih'd Iq deipalr. 



Tho CAflUe in -which ho w&g brought up and spent a. large portion of 
hia time, ww a raluous, tiuulilti-dowTi sorl of a pl»ce. He writes of it in 
thnt Tein of pleafiftnt Mrcasm 60 charftctfrietic of him : " I know oot huw 
the Troathar has bees in other parLi! of the ^orld, bnt we hare as jet had 
nothing bat winter : frost, hail, and nightly hurricanes thai Bhake tho 
tnrrots and ehimno,T3 of this roinotia pile so mnch, that we require to t>e 
dug gut of Iho ruhbiah ovcrr morning to make our toilette<! for brenlifaAt. 
When I lie in bed hstening to the furious winds I frcqucnUy think, Oh, that 
I bad tho wings of a dove, or of » nKik, or a wild gooso, or uny fast-6yiiig 
liinl, to achicvo a milder climate ! of tho Islo of Palms, for instance, where 
ore sniiBlune and flowers, and the sweet sunshine of FATooitui all the year 
round. But alaa ! I cannot fly, &r has find that ti-rreiitrial paradise of 
Wilfion'ti in my map; my only hope of wings rests with Sir James Hal! 
of Dunxliut!) and Professor Playfiu'r; and if George Forbes and Cummin 
return from their pilr^imnge \vithout a palm-branch in theii- billR and a 
nttvi^hlo chart of the island in their pocketa, fiixcwdl to the profipeol of 
evorlosliug strawbcrriuii and crciun, and a certain cure of the rheamalism." 
He waa aent to the UoircrBitj of Edinburgh in 1 700, and two years afterwards 
matricolated at Christ Church, Oxford, where ho took his Master's degree on 
the 28th of June, 1600. At Oxford las pleasant mnnnerH and Gtrikingpower 
of desLTipUvo humour procured for biui mnny illuBlrious fritnds, Ruuh as 
Ijord Oowcr (Duke of Bnthorlftud). Lord Newton (Earl of Lnnesborongh), 
Conybeore, i^rwarda Professor of Poetry, young Macdonnld, tho Chief 
Baron's son, Grauvillo Somerset, Finch, Uaisford. lie never forgot, 
howcTcr, hJ» frieudK at home ; and was remarkably proud of, and mnch 
attached, to his falhur and mother. Ho prized highly his father's literary 
attainments and fine socio) qnahtie«> and bis mother's simple kindnemi and 
beanty. lie writes to her with much affection : " Of all my pleasures the 
sight of yuu will be the greatest ; yon are my only truasuro, my consolation 
in all tho chaugcfl and chances to which mortality is subject. I feel for 
yon in a manner that I do not for any one else in tho world ; and when 
yon are gone my selfishness and apathy mnst render mo totally unworthy 
of ranuuning any longer there." And, again, in a letter to his sister : 
" I hare often boon surprised tbut my mother, whose beauty was once go 
conspicoonn, ehonid so totally hare escaped erery flourish of affectation. 
This is a grand cosmetic, a setterolf of features beyond all tho TlonlantU 
and Olympian dews in the world. Here hypocrisy is lawful, and in this 
wny ft woman displays, aAer the best manner, tho charms of her mind iis 
well as of hex person." 

Tho portraits that ho execntcd for frionda were so much admired that 
the stately Cyril Jackson, then in tho zenith of his reputation a« bead of 
the Uonse (J^des Chn'sti), expressed a wish to see both tho arlist-nnder- 
grodnato and his work. He aoeordingly both dined with the Dean and 
beard him preach. He liked neither dinner nor sermon. He called the 
fomer"a poiufnl pleaRnre, where. alUion^h the host was exceedingly 
gnciooH and talkative, a prodigious wido )'&wu TCS^isAaAi xa t!<;«^'^bnm 



acJ thon Uint we wore JiniDg with a great man." lie sajs the latter wu 
oxcccdiDglj- drj and fuU of repetition. " and it was rend writh such a 
prodigiooa donl of snuftlm;; that yuu Troold have Bwom thi> miracle of 
Balaam's ass wns i-opoated, and that an laRpircd swiac was gmutiDg 
BUiDors from tliclr evil ways. Well did Dr. Purr cxrlntm of litis man, 
■ Oh, that mine cncinvwould write abook!"" Ofl>r. I'urrhimspir, however, 
ho had no exalted opluion, and vrhen talking of him, in referencd to Q 
Caroline, be itaya, " What a companion for a Princess I I have met 
at OxCord, the very worsl-hrod brute, composed uf iuHoIonca and tobaoeOt 
that I ever saw or heanl of." 

He did not care mucli for the mere orilinary typo of Oxford men ; hit 
Ibongbt the tators nnmannerlr and disgngting in their buhaTiour; he hateJ 
clitssiciil learning when divorced &oiq elegant uud rofiaed iitonm* laa 
The Diiiutwr of IriHbmon at hi8 college was coueiilerable. He did d 
relish them. " All the Irif b youths are giving thcmscl\*es infinite cone<ini 
about the Uniou. 'Wu bave one eoarageouH lad who wishes himself at, 
the head of lUc rebels, thotigb I am certain that is not the part of hi« 
body be would show to the enemy ; and another who declare'i he voul 
not go to Court OQ any account whatever ^wishing, I suppose, lu morlifji 
the King and break the heart of the tristful Qneon. I doubt not that all 
our Irish CbriBt-Churchions would join Ibo Krencb were they to inradtf 
England ; end truly, for that reason, I rather wish the French to come, 
03 onr youths would all be hanged, and Oxford bave a happy riddao 
&om a pack of abominable knaves." 

Bis political creed is apparent, and cornea out Blrikingly in a jMom ha' 
conlribnted to Iho Auii-Jttcohin /JinVir (vol. ix., pp. 515). entitled tht 
'■ Vision of Liberty," written in the stylo of Spenser. In a dream he saui 
France ravaged and deserted. In the midst of desobtion and deTa.sUtiou 
is reared the brazen temple of the idol, Liberty. Towards it appruiicli 
the leaders of the English Whigs, heade<l by Fox, in procession, aOcr th« 
mounar of the court of Queen Lucifera {t'mry Q\tf/n, hook i., canto it.) 
The satire is biting, and ita language is strong and forcible, thoogl 
partaking oj-casionally of the coarseness of the period. 

In 3802 the first two volumes of the Mrnvtrrhtj nf thr Snrltl*h Brniii 
apjicarod, nndcr the editorship of Sir Walter Scott. This nns the vvi^^ 
work to stir Sharpe'g cnthnsiafim, and, incited by his admiration for anch 
a collection of chivalric aud Iiistorical ballad poetry, ho nddrrsHes a 
to the editor, sending him the " Twa Corbies " and •• Lord William/* 
of which had been taught him by a norM. and the other by Miss r 
fif Alva, i>ffL<riug bini, nt the same time, others which hi' Vnew s' 
He Irlbi 8ir Walter that, from earliest infancy, he bad I 
^tMtllods, Rod Ihalhe had f^at fur days listening to the ' , . 
litters in the stui." aiscing many of the songs which a)<i 

-f ; ■■■' ,.■,--■.- 

publuhtfd in JHlKf, and altliou^h placed Unde thoM oi Scoit, XjOj 



and WilsoD, hold no mean position in that delightful Tolome. They 
wiini snlilkd " Xbo Hovrar of Repentance," which vie hATO already alluded 
to, and tho *' Marder of Caerluveroc," coutaioiDg one vereo wUicL Lna 

Unclosed h«r moatli of rMv line, 

Wbeoce UuKiI frigrant air, 
Tbtl geDtly, ia soft motiao, blcir 

ijlmj rin^IcU of hex bslr. 

Hcott colkd on Bharpe nt Clxford 8oon aflfir Iboir correspondeoce. He 
did not, at first, make audi ii (aroarablu in)|<rL>ssioii on Shaq>o as might 
Iia\n bocn cipectcd £rom tb« charader of them boUt, and tUo Kimilarily 
of th^^ir tastes. " The Border UiuBtrcl," Sharpc records, " paid mo a 
TJtit some time since, on his w«y to town, and 1 verj- courloously invitod 
him to breakiaat. Ho in ilrcitdrully Uiiuo and macb too jioilical. He 
shuutfl withont mercy, and \iayg compUmonta so high-flown that my Kolf- 
couceit, though a. tuU-rabltt good ahot, could not ortin wing ono of them ; 
but hu told me that he intended to preRcnt mo with tbo noir edition 
of his book, and 1 fuiind comfort In that. Ho bIko invited me to bis 
cottage in Scotland, and I promistid him a visit with the sauo sincority 
vhich I pnotiao in the affair of Mr. Yorkston'a dinnerR." 

In these days of active volDuteerint;, bis tetter (o Lord Kcwton in 

180S, on the occiutiun of the idarm cansetl by tho thrp&tencd invRsion by 

i^'apoleon, 18 & musing : " \Vc have got Lord Moira here to manage oar 

' luililary matters, uid idl Iho ladicu in Kdiuburgh ure ready to break their 

hearts for love of him already, eicept my sister Jane, who dined nttb him 

ut bis Grace nf Buci^It'Uch'g the other day, and came nlT itnhiirt, owing, 

'slic thinks, to a bago piece of roast-beef, which, in Bomo sort, protected 

her trom the fury of his lonlship'w artiUerj'. For my own part 1 wish tbo 

French would eomv and have done, for the people hvrc keep such n devil 

of a drilling that u eoler-minded Christian can get no peace for tliem. 

>Gt-ntlcm«?n and downs are al it from morning till night ; the bullur drills 

' tlio fnotmau with ttcudi;ol in the seivsuta' boll, luid tho cook-maid instructs 

the fiea-catcbers with a ladlu in tho kitchen ; nay, Ibe very cows and bogs, 

at tho approach of a hoetile cur, draw up in battle array, in imitation of 

the two-l<4<gtid bQUJ|iluns nbo arc fpoiting the exercise nuder every hedge 

in Aunandslc." 

Tcom a stray leaf of his diary that baa been preserved, we find Ihat^ 
wken-at Oxford be must bare got through a good amount of reading. 
During Ibe latter days of Mikrch ond tbo earlier of April, 180J, we find 
notes on tmcb books ss Burnet's Kuntf cm Qumt M<tri/, Wudivw's^ 
tiujftrioifii ilf the Chutdi vj Stothiiti, lie tlr rhi'lli/<i^ lUir trOrli-iittt, 
tbo UtKtory of CtiHiih Vnthrlr, Aubrey's Mi»<rll(iiiirs, Yoiturc's Lftters, 
Ilc&nmont and Fli-lcher'a Plat/t, Bpottieweod's htiivry, Johutou's Li/e of 

lu 180(1 bo goes to Lord Uclvillo's trial, and ihaa conunvnta upon 
it: — " I TTfcul thrv« dayv to X>ord MchiUc's triaL XUe {tx«^^%& \.iIiLS£b. 



up, as the Ddwapapers woalJ UU yaii, with ^Vbitbroad's ^wdeb, 
Unclniiacd in a velrot coot, a bag. and Inced ruffles. ¥oa voaU 
langli«d hud you seen Uio ridtcaloiis care with wliich his &icodB gara 
sips of viiae and water to wet Ms wbistlo, aud clouU for his moalli and 
cose. I tb^mgUt Lin epeocb \ory cluvor, but lu a miserable bad taste, and 
BO abnsivo Mutt Lord Melvilto eniiled vciy frequently. That monster Fox 
was Uiuni, bis Hallow cbeelts bunging down to his puuut^b, outl hid scowUs^ 
cyeft turned sometimes upon Mr. Wbitbrcnd, someLimcs on tbo rowa of 
pretty poeressM who sat eating sandwiches from silk indispeDsableii, and 
pattiog thdioaelrea into proper attitudes to aatonisb the represent 
of tbo Commou8 of Kugloud occnpyiog the opi>osito bcucboa. Hiord Mt 
will certainly get clear and be made quite a saint of by his own party.*' 
lu ]t^07 Mr. Hbarpe began a trageily in Qve nrta, aud iuuHhod it 
the year following. Ho says it met tba approval of Scott ; l>ut it ttmi . 
nercT actad. In all probability 1,800 lines of blank \orso, in imitatko 
of l>r}'deu, would bnre buou too much for the liritt«h public, especialljr 
when spouted from tho mouths of only six characters, fibortly after* 
wards he pnblisbcd a Bmnll volume of poems, which nltnict4.-d snt 
attention. Hcott's opinion of tbem is worth quoting: "They exbibitJ 
I think," ho says, " a very considerable portioa of imaginaiioD. atiill 
oecosioually, thougb not uniformly, great flow of versiltcation. Tberal 
ta ono Terse, or rather the whole description of a loosical ghost ladj 
sitting among the ruius of bet liitlivr's lower, that pleased mo Tory much.' 
But bit! language Is too Qovroiy, and rrou tawdry, uid I quarrelled with a 
Indy in the first poem, wbo }'iolded up bcr aficetion upon her lover showing 
his white teeth. Whito t««th ougbt to be taken great care of and set great^— 
stoTo by, hot I cannot allow tbcm to be an objoct of passiooate admirtttioo^l 
^t ia too like subduing a UdyV hcait by griuuhig." Tbtre i» in thi* «i 
Tolume a pathetic strain running throngb tho verses wilb iht» refrain: 
" man crodcmned to die, nlocc I " in which ho toUa ns, what no doc 
bo came to find true in his own ca8« : 

Tiinr pluck* Uw qoUla from fande's wingi^ 
Aiiil Uines the [*^l'a lofe. 

His faronrito haunt in thfise, his younger days, when not at 
or Hoddam, was Bcuham, the raaidcnco of tbo Miu-gmvinc of Anspacb, 
many a pleasant evening be, Tiord Cravon, a wo II -trn veiled andioteUc 
man, Sir I^mlcy Skcffinglon, and " ttqiugrupbicul (lull " bud lagvibrrj 
M'bcn he first became Acquainted witb the Margravine she had tbe reauias' 
of mucb beauti,-, wbicb she disfigorcd witb an immeruo quantity of nm^ 
sod burnt cork on her eyebrows. She mu rerj gracefnl, and coiild i 
when ahu plwuted, the maimara of tbo heat times; tti> ^ 

prettily, but Ki'oilt ber own songs with ■ cracked voice , 
and WAS an cxeeUeut shot. 

Hi* moot illustrioDs fleqnaiotanco nt this date was Caroline of Unmi'^ 
vick. the ill-used wife of Oeo^o IV,, whom ho terms *' tbat (Ulhr ptooa 
of crostincu." His account of her appearance is the reTonu of flatWriitgj 



« Her tyc9 projected," he Bays, '• liko those of the roy»I family. She 
made her hend Urge by weariug on immcnfie vig. She also painted hoi- 
ej-chrows, which gava her face u Klranga fierce look. Her sliin — and she 
Kbuni;d a great dual — waa Toiy red. 8ho wore vciy high-heeled skueH, m 
thai she LmiuI forward wLoii kIic stood or walkud ; her feci and ankles were 
drcodfal," It is interesting also to know firom Bbarpe, trho had uo aduu- 
ntiMi for the pohtical circle she moved in, and ivho coald thus write about 
ber poreoDol fl]){Karaiice, that he 1ic1ie\-i-d impilciUy iu her itmocviice of 
the charges brought against her by her hoBhand. " Rcfiire I bad the 
houoiir of being aci]uaiti(ed with the QaecD," he writett, " 1 had beard 
mioy rcporlw of her nnchastily. I nerer »aw anj-thing to confirm tlieni. 
She had much rspn'i, and talked as freely as many clevor and maaij 
-rattioQS women of the highest rauk, whom I have known, both in Scotlnnd 
and Kn^nd, used to do. This u no proof of tucontiueneo. lliuie is an 
old Hcottiab proverb: *Thu HU(>iit sno ents a' the dntfT.' . . , Thateh^' 
was capoble of Inrcuting maUcioua Ueis, which this bad womau (Ladfl 
ChorlotU) Bury) asserts in her second volume, I ii<> more bflicrc tbaa that 
she woB capable of raising devils. Devils onoagh she bad uhout her 
and oould not lay them ; but this I am very confident oi, thai she is now 
iu a place where few of her former companions have ever reached her; 
and, consoiufiiitly, where she onjoyiji tliat case and happiness to which 
■ho wait hf re oo macb a stranger. I bid her a grateful farewell." 

This extmot is taken from a fly-leaf of a copy of I^dy Cbarlotlo 
Bm^'a Jonrti a/ QrortM /K., tlie publication of which book caused Sharpo 
much annoyance and paiu. The uutborcnii, as Lady Charlotte Campbell, 
hud lieen a grtiiit frit^nd of h\H. He was ber most devoted admirer, and 
took a great interest in all ber literary pursoits. When at Oxforxl ho 
had written many letters to her on pnblie events and publio people, with 
a running commentary ju that cynical vein so common to him, and whichl 
bo doubtlCHM thought would only afford momcntaiy amusement to bifl 
&ir oorrospondeut. His indignation at seeing these letters in print, 
without his being consulted on the sul^eot iu the slightest degree, 
was very great. When he first heard of the publication he wixito, 
"I confess I have felt a bydiopbobia to ink lately, for an impndcnt, 
eovetouit «-onian halh printed some letters of mine, written nearly thirty 
yoara ago, which expose my former impertinence in that way folly ooough; 
but she exprcsaes her own profligacy more. Hotired as I lire, what ehe 
blaxou cannot hurt me ; but there are people here still who are mt!uii{>ned 
ia these scrawls, and i find they take no notice. So ihis is exactly the 

' £i)ile of tho old grey-bairod badger, who dug a hole to live and, die in, 

iaud a fox tried to stink him nnt, but could not." 

And later still, before reading the book, for it vaa long before he 
eonld bring himitelf oven to purchaso it. be writes to a eonuectiou of the 
offondor : " I cannot express my vi^xatiou about lbs book yon mention, 
. . , Tho intGlligCDOo came upon me like a thimderbolt ; in all my 
readings uid experience 1 oerer knew anything of the kind. When 



I wrol« the sUIy uopertioent letters in (|tteBUon, botvoon hrebfy 
thirty yearn ago, I knew I vras nTltiug to Uia I)u3ie of ArgrlD**; ^ogfatcr, 
fttid UioQght mjsalf Rsfo by all tho common rulcH of good -brooding uul 
lunralily. . . . &I10 has demo mo im irrDjuiraljlo injury — not fle U> hesBf 
L-(lrcnjcd a Todl for nrriting gach silly stolT, as 1 am now nt an 8^ Cm* 
'tcyond tbe consiikralion of \-aDity as to intollect — but by tLis jiublicatioB 
I ccrtably mast lose two sincere bidiida, irlto lift?e bceu beyuud acttsare 
kind to mo for twon^ years,*' 

A more galling and trying position for a man to be pUood In ii 
bard to coDcciTu. Ho bad never at any Uma bot.'u purticalar as to 
ho vroto to liis intimatca, and tlicro ore some opiniona of cd 
qnoted in bU memoir Trbich are, oertdnly. -i-eiy freely nlated. 
Rbellfty be thns vriU» to a friend: "I send yoa the Cenci, written 
tbiit wtckod wrotcb Bhelley. I romeDiher bini at Oxford, nuu], 
nnd trying to pcrstmilo people he lived ou arsenic and oijtiafurtia. 
Writing to Lady CJncensborr^', be thua makes mention of Byrcm : " f hi' 
sent Lord Bt/ron, nbicb I beg your ladyship will doare Mrs. Dooftlu 
be cantiDus how f;be reads, if alone at night, lest she fiUl asleep and catch 
cnid ftud take Gte. Sucb authuns occabton mtire rbeniu than a ehower 
uS miu at Vaaxhall, and kill more onforiimatc ladies thou the iMrbarooa 
custom of Hindutitau, or the Act ugaiust Witclirraft uliile tn fbree b«*. 
Bo so good also as to tell Alra. Dongas that tbc bapless yonng geutlttBDUi, 
wbose nntimely fate iir celebrated near the cud of Lhv Firvt Hook, i> not 
the lion. Mr. Something, as Lord B. pretends — * No writer bot a ku^^ 

templar.' U is a brar, the only companion Lord B. had at Cambrid|^t 

Letween his lordship and which there existed a Iriundship aiipaislleh<<l 
fflvc in tbe nncieut chniuiote of Valeutim! anil Orson." Again, of 
yin. Siddons : " I met Mrs. Siddons at dinner one day, just bpfnre ibt 
di^ath of her sponse. 'Twa» at Walter Scott's, and yun cannut imagiiw 
Low it annoyed me to behold Belndera gozzlo boiled beef and mnstard. 
{.will streams of porter, cnun up her uoee with handfuls of sunlT, and 
Iuiii;b till sbe made tbe wbole room shake again. I \urily lltink eha ta 
even fatter than when we last saw her, and really now ia so hnmd 
the pockets that tJie is a very ebamo to be soon." 

All bis bfo Sbarpe e<aitinned to be the diligent stndent, the waywwd 
tcillrrtor, nnd was ever deep in research, Mffietima into old fumUy 
[■oJi^ri'tN uud stories, somL-timcs iulo witchcraft aad dA. baDad lore, lunt 
IfHitjiile historical iuvestigntioQ, as exemplified in a longudi fragntaDl 
Mary. Queen of Hcots. a»d n sborter one on John Knox. Uis fiiwt hi*> 
lorical pnbUcntion was, hon*ever, the Hovtthold liouk «/ tht tWnl/M 
.Vfir, rAe hiiii/ Millie Stmrt, It was dedicated to James £rskine, E«q.».; 
and cmihiiucd a portrait uf the Lady Uurio. 

AfWr bis father's death in 1B18, bis mother bad twti: ilo- 

bnrgbt and Sharpe rcsolvod to do the same ; and pri%'ate ixj> < -'^:- ■■', aa 
w«n as slight bodily iuliruily, kept bim for ui^arly twoaty yrjw: a tUiun 
at No. OS, PmiOQS Binei, £diubitx}jb, which hv stylca " that untilMp 




Inirjcr-riddlod, uid deBorted aij," vbero all tbe " voni«D and all tlie mca 
arc TtrtaoQfl, tboiigL tim cliildrea dttocp wultzcF, nxJlo love-lodors, fight, 
'" ' i .■(iDCi-ive in liiinliug-hlriiigfl." 'J'liiTt' ba cotiliQneU lo add to his 
I , and ovor kejit u|i & wnnu rricudHliip vritli ihc litcmr}* men in 

Lbfi bootcb capital. tIcoU and bti — they novr nudtii-slood odo aooUiur 
better — wero grotit friends and closo eompanioos, uud va fmii Bcott coo- 
Kolling him on manj* mutUirH. Tbo Tuwn Council of Edinbtu'^U in ]61i 
wtF>hi'il Id prosuul SeoUwith a ]i\ceo of pUte. IIo cboso the olJ-fasbloncd 
Uukord for alo, toast, and mitmog ; but could not give the gilvcrtiniiUi 
definite uuoagb orders about it. Hs writes to Sborpe for a sketch :— 
*' If 50a aru to bo ftt homo about tvo. I will uall opuu yvti. You nnder- 
Btaud, — ijquiiti Sullou's tankard, — tlid sort of Ibiug in general." 

The following lettor may be taken na a specimen of their corretipood- 
euofl and pursuits : — 

" DiLMi CH4[tLi:», — Primo, I hope jou hsTe not forguttao that you dine 
here on Friday at Stc. 

" Stcitado, 1 send you a curious tract upim fairies, 

'♦ Tvrtio, 1 have discovered for you bouio curious i>arLicnIarB rcgardiu» 
Scotch Qunkera, particularly of my mother's great grundfdtbcr, Juba 
tSwLutoDt in thc> article ' IJiircbv,' in Kippia' new editionof the Di'i^fraphiit 
JjrUiUinu-4i. li yon have not the book, I will send it. — On conBideratJon, 
I will send it ou chance. 

" Lastly, and lo conclude, Imloved, I want your assistance in planning 
a silver cup for tbo Sutors of Helkirk, lo bo given to the kiiavi;H by the 
X)uko. IIo wiahes to have the bina (n lana J'uU bins) disposed somcbon' 
as an ornament on tlie top on't. Xovr, as the anus of the town are 
piuluresqiic, being a female figure, with a child in her arms, seated ou %\ 
sarcophagus, I thought the hii»s might bo put into bor band; but, on 
' trying it, it looks just like as If eho was going to Hog llio weun. Theu I 
Ibi-niight of disposing it at the end of a sort of silver handle or sceptro ; 
but that looked like a broom, and fhowed as if tbo poor vroman had 
nudi-rtakca to be tbo housemaid and child's maid at once. Pi-ay aid nta 
with your wit, for mine is pumped diy. — Ever yoors, 

" W. BcOTT." 

*' If you ore to bo at home to-morrow, I will coll." 

And whilo qnoling Scott's letters to Shnrpo, Wfl may append this 
toucliiug one, written when Iim^ig Edinbim^h, after Iho gloom in which 
his noble life went down bad begun to sotUo round him. Ho did not 
write many faniwcU letters, but Sharpe was too old a (rieud lo bo left 
vithont a kind adieu. It thus pathetically eoQclndee : — 

" Ut DEAlt Charlks," &c.— '• I should like (o havd shalccn bauds with 
you, aa tlura anr few I rugret so much to puri with. But it may not v.m. 
I urin keep my eye* dry, if possible, and, Uwaototo, waWuV m^wiVt -w^Co. 
TOX. xxi.'^HQ. 12s, \^. 

., ■ ;. ' ■ ■ .'. ■■ ■ p.- _--.'- ~ .».'. 'ZJ lii EeT. 

^f ^ -::■■ " !. - ■ ■:'■ ■ "■- ::- ^- ^^ ■ -:i-": -t -il-; ■:: a s:::;cc:. wLlol, 
1./-; f; ■/.-.- .7.-. . ;.-;:.-.i- :'.-.? i :iZi:"-i::= tri--;.:-. fill ■::" verr pl^i^v. 

|/.;;'.:i. .Kf.--/iyi.:./.". ~-i- ;-■; j.-*-:T JTT'i ;■:■ -i^OTlJ i= lO b* tttiior.*. 

t:,.'; ;.'/•.■! '-f *.:-■■: -jI-V..- ji-^^'-i'. I'iil "w ,..; tir-^:"Li7lj -liv^niEii an-i ri.-l: 
ifi Jt,i ii.'i-.-: '.■.-..•a'.i'J.'. ~'-^.~.'.. :.l:-".rit-; i:lirii::<r ii:l =iiziit-rs. ant-cJoti = ^'ri'Vir.-l :;.r'.;;-ii \-.^.-\—-2 hite ::" iill a^i d-ftj Looks aoJ 
,M;-^., ■.■.iii'ri '>.'.^-' 1'''-: "i^"'- ''- ^- i'^'' —jli^i-^i iLi::. naiteJ with tLi^ 
iri'l .-trv'-f fi j.t*.;'::.*. ar/.i;" 77. c-'^".;! i.:.Te =^Le;V;'i mi Irr'tigLt toijcthvr." 
Iji.i'jf -1 ttii-i. l;'j f;'iit';'l Liv,'- .'/. ori-i''. v'.uriL-jUii ocfasionallv to 
/'/„, '-(/,/-'i ;/rt',v,-.,„.. i.r.; }.li..':..h A- ■■:■—• I:-i--:-r. aoJ colLu.l 
r./l<»ti<,ii', frojn oM l'!t/:i-, y.-Ai t~ fr-..::i I>r!.-.:J Hthhc- to Matlbow Sharp*? 
(,f ||«.'l'l;inj, of r-'jf'l i:!.'':iit'''iii to Aicxaridcr, Lord Montgomerr. Ac. Th,- 
Ili'-.'-i'i -I '/"■ /'"Av (.;■ .'./'.i'(; 'I''/' vi,= f.f f.Ttat ictc-Kst to him, and what 
)iii liii'i |i:ft in r*;';ir'l t.* the life of iJiindce is of importance, and is 
inrlu'li'l ill Mr. Mm!: N:i|iif r's vohinus on that hero. 

|iii iiuly;!-. IH|y Scott )i!ul ivrittrn to Hhnrpe in referenoe to tboir 
joinll'. r'tijii|jlliti|^ ii ctpllcclioii of hliikiii^' and iibRurd fttories nhont nitch- 
ciiill, fni|i;iriti(iii!i, rliiiioiiijlo;.'^, iVf. Sir Wiilli r li;id a vcrv fine coUectiun 
di' v.itili l..iol>«, Sliiir|n; Tiiij;ht, iusttad of it hrooni, clap two or three 

I Mroii) (lniwin;;H fo lln- tiilis of Ihi; witches ; nnd it was suggested that 

llii'i'i' iiiii;lit III- lliriMijOiont the honk a Ppriukliog of poetry, cepociallr (if 

„ liittiini "'lit. 'I'IiIh jiniject ciiDio to nothing as a joint undertaking, 

lull il iiKilinMv l.'il Sliiir|ii' til ajipcnd Iho " Letters on Demonology " to 

I , |iiil>lirjitii>ii of I'iiw. llirt mind fur long ran in this rein, and hiu 

|i.'>tiililiil ili-liiii|; 1"i" " 'I'll'' Witdiofl-'ife," James Hogg's poem, is instinct 
Willi llii> t'liiinii'lt'r tif liiM Ktiidy. 

Mil I'lnilinni'd (n tiiv Inn liiiudft oil ovcr3-thiQg that was aneiont or 
oivi'iilrii' ill I'livitii'. Al Ditu limon fourth voliimo o{ iiio Border iliHstrcIty 
WAN i>tiiilviniflittti(l| bill wUut La had colluctod for this parpOM ww nlti- 



J/^vn io the public in the sbupo of n Wlad-bouk piiutod for 
private ctroaltiUou in 18*2S, whioh imH nccampatiivil hy aa etohing lUlvr 
tLo Gcrmnn school ntitl R vigncUe aflt-r Uullur. 

Hi« Lilvr letters are virv scarce in comparisoQ wltli tbose bo vrotc in 
his yonnrfer days. Iiady 0. Bury's work wiw. proboWy. the causu of this ; 
fur Yfo Hod hiui not ooly not preaer^-iiig copies of tbo lottcre ho wrote 
aAer ita pnLlioaLion, but even da<itruyiiig llie originala of his former Ititlurs 
irbcner&r bo eoald lay bis bands upon Ibom. One or itvo against pro- 
jected improTflments on old Ediobargb buildings are ptcserrod, and a long 
letter to tlie Ed'iHburtjh Ohmira; frith tbo motto IMenda cH Carihtujo, 
dirtictod agaiuxt tbo tsiiiucipftl barbarism, is full of intorc&t. Wtiuton 
cbaoge of any kind be coali) not loleral«. He also was roiuu.>d to iadigaa- 
lion, in 1H2I5, by tbo attempt made to alter tbc Bcotcb banking sy&tcta in 
aoconUnco with English ^iena on the curruncy — an attempt vbich, it will 
he remembered, eaoacd a vigoroos protest on the part of Sir Walter Bcoli, 
in loiters Rigncd MiUnclii Muhigrowtbor. In a letter to bis stfitcr bi& nowi 
OD soDOd books appear : 

" I am glad, my d«ar. that joa have tli« comfort of a son wjtb a sound 
Utaru; taste — I judgo from bis admiration of Spenser. Tell liirn, with 
my lore, to stiek priueipally to Uomur (the Ifiudt I mean) and Virgil's 
A-lwid for the truest bcautius of poetry. There are inspiraliuns in tbo 
Jlxitd b(^ToDd nil conception, sarc to tbose who can feel them. . . . 
I diiuk Milton's Paradise Loti a heap of blasphemy and obscenity, rritb 
certainly nmuberlees poetical beauUes. Milton was a Viliig and, in my 
mind, an Atheist" (t) "I am perKuaded his poem wns oompu6e<I to 
iipolitgi/^ for tho Devil, who certainty was Uio fintt Whig on record. 
i»08iro your sou to read F.iirfax's Tusm : I think it prettier Iban tho 
original. Cowley, too, is chai-ming ; bis cletQ^ on tbe death of Sirs, 
licrroy is iuimitablu. But for wit and rcasou and wonderful aireugtb of 
exprossiau, let him stndy Drydon night and day ; not the Hind and Panther, 
however, in these Popish times, as far as Ibe reasoning gouH. Drydeu 
bits uiiulu tho best of it, but a miserable best. I have lust my rclisb for 
Pope in my old age, bi>t poetry runs all in couplets, and it is now to me 
like a weak cap of tea with too much sngar in it. 

" I go on tike thu oracle of the Brazen Head. As to novels, all 
ynnny people of rdihI ficuso will bo much benefited by reading the best 
of the old school, because they will teocb them experieuee bvtorchanJ, 
and Iba true stale of human hfe. As to Sir Walter's harmless romatic«$, 
— not barmlcss, bowt-rer, as to bad English — they contain nothing: 
pictures of manners tliat never wore, arc, i>r will be, beaides W\i tbctusitnd 
blunders as to obtYjuoInt^v, eoKtuuiC, ka., wluch must mlnleiul the milUon 
who admire such fafjciimtiiig comfits. The works of Fielding prepsm 
yoonj; people for the ssd Boeocs thoy must boar a part in — the dreary 
maf': ■ r ' ' 'h. And Stcbardsou's Claristti in a porfpf^t 

eOD>f .11, though itii grerttcst beauties cim imvur 

bs rciitdicd by a tvij young person, Conudering the educoiw.i'Gk. «&.&. 


pOBition of the anlhor, I look npon that book as the most wonderful thing 
that was ever composed. I was lucky enough to pick up a preseutatioa 
copy, which I valao beyoud measure. Smollet is a caricaturist, nith 
ouly vulgar dirty humour to recommend him, which can benefit nobody ; 
yet Humphrey Clinker is not like his other works, being very superior 
and surprising as the production of a dying man. I have been reading 
Miss Bumey's novels lately with fresh admiration, as they contain very 
useful maxims, though the manners are now out of date." 

Bharpe felt keen grief for the death of his mother in 183G. Leaving 
his and her home in Princes Street, he settled for life at No. 28, 
Drammond Place. Thero he continued to dwell, executing frontispieces 
for various books, publishing an occasional song, reading much, m.iking 
many amiotations on his books, but writing very few letters. His last 
letter extant appears to have been written in 1849, and in it he mentions 
having seen Itachcl Felix act, and hoard Jenny Liud sing. 

In 1860 his health visibly gave way ; in March of the following 
year he died, after a short and not very painful illness, and was interred 
beside his forefathers in the family mansolotmi at Hoddam. His death 
was felt as a personal -loss by many in Edinburgh. It was as if a link 
with the past had been broken. His kindness and his chivalrous courtesy 
are still remembered hy many. 

His etchings are, perhaps, his most characteristic remains. They 
range from grave to gay, — ^now an historical portrait, now a sketch from 
one of Scott's ballads, now a Moorish lady singing to her guitar, a game- 
keeper and his dogs, a " Venus and Cupid " in tbe Dutch style, figures 
from Crabbe's poems, portraits and caricatures of friends. Probably the 
best known of them all, and one in which the humour is exquisite and 
inimitable, is '• Queen Elizabeth Dancing." But thoro is the touch of 
genius upon them all, — something, as Scott said, between Hogarth and 
certain of those foreign masters who painted grotesque Temptations of 
St. Anthony and similar subjects. 


(Tbe glan in Ibc Jiron '^n^h 

MT,n.'.r.t.z fts hara bun Ibc theories broached fromtimo to timo in 
rc^ninl Ici LUo at ouoe ntoownod nod oUcurc mortal knotro popularly as 
Uio Mho iq tlic Iron Musk, they liave always contradicted each olbcr and 
UieuuvWcB »a &rc<itu.>i)tt>' aod so flatlv, Uiot the appcariiucti of a work 
calcalated to set tJio iiiicfltJon finnlly nt r«3t, tnny bo fairly riewod as 
a Bulijcct for cungralabtioo. M. Marius Topb, the author of the volumo 
in qiitstioD, after fully inrcstigiitlj^g the claims of tliu rarious persouit, 
in tura sDi^pected of b&iog tlio myBtorious prieoiier, and diaposiDg ottboso 
claims, proeoedfl to set fDilb bis own tbeorv, sapported, for tJie niont |)art, 
by minute and inxtCragablo oridcnce, or, £uling Kucb <Uixot cridcncti, by 
cnta and inforoucus of etngnlar cogency. 

Following tbe example of Platarch in bis IJ/i of Demetrius Pvlii>rceif», 
"hi. Tupin bc{*ioB biit bcro's lift) by CBftirring to bis dvulb. We nbal] troad 
in tii« foolstcps, nnd rolnto tho circnmslonccfl as dcrivfld by M. Topin 
irom Dnjooca's contemporary manuscript Bccount of tbe priBonen in the 
Uastiilc. On the aftciiioon of Ibo iWb of September. 1678, the Bicor 
ia Bt. Mars, who had lately been promoted from the goremorBbip of the 
Islanda uf Stu. Mar^urito, od tbe coast of Provence, to that uf tbe BastiUdt 
arrived at his new poat, attended by an armed escort. Uq bad trarolled 
in a liUvr, in whioli, and by bis side, sat a prisooor, whoso face vras hidden 
by a black velvet mask. Daring the whole of their long jomruoy St. Mars 
had not for a moment Inst sight of his charge ; it was ronmrked that at 
niciUti Ui4> pribuucT was muJe to (tit nitb bis back to tbo light, that bo was 
forbidden evon then to doff his mask, and that at night 8t. Mar^ slept by 
his side with loaded pistols within easy reucb. Monsieur Xupin adds, 
that at Falt«aQ, a chat«aa belonging to St. Mars, where tbe party halted, 
a tradtliuQ of tho mysterious prisoner's passage bos been banded donn 
from fnlber to son. and still exists amnng the puoaaotry. 

Fivo years aflcrwnrds, at nightfall on Tuctulay, the 20tb of NoTemliert 
1703, a small knot of men burriod across the drawbridge of tbe Uastille 
to tbe cumettftT of SU Paul's Cburcb. Tbe prisoner from Provence bad 
fiUtun ill ou tho prccciliu^ Sunday. On tho Monday the almoner of the 
iJssliUc had been eallud in, and hiid burdy bad tiinu to shrive the dying 
mou. In the register of tbe cbnrch Ibo corpse wna insnihcd under the 
name of Mareltinhj, At tho Bnstillfl ho had be«n known as " Iho prisoner 
from Provence." AlAolnto fitcrecy was mainiaiued on the subject in the 
Bastille ; ilH oflJccrH, buwuwr, bad Icanit tho partieolan from Bujauca, 
and, in tho cotir^o of tiuc, n-pcntud them to their sneresaors ; thus it 
happened Huii the inmates of the prison still biaw oC llua tk^'^^tj «\. 
niyaleries, wlion, in tbo firat half of (ho ei^UwuW e>ea\»r; * % xiwn^^^ 



men of lottora wore confiiied thcro m gnccesaton. Tbcy, too, lounl 
Bpimlling (flic, Bijd lo&t no time in publishing it to the world ; conjectoiw 
wita, of coun<c, rifo, and Qomberless Tcrsioos of Ibe Btoiy aacccedoil emeh 
olhcr. Oqo diflicaltj, bow«Ter, laj &t tbfl root of them all — for it 
admitted at nil hands tfcAt {he oftptive, bo jcAlonelj vatched aod liidden. 
must needH ImYo been a man of importatiro ; yet do koowu person 
Weight snjficient to wnrrant Buch preonntioDit had, within memory of : 
disnppc&red from tho stage of public nflkirs in Eorape. 

Graduull^v, however, one Torelon of tho atoi^ seemed to RuppUxit 
others in the minds of men, partly on ncconnt of the extrnordinnry mdo- 
drumHlic interest which Attached to it, and portly because it wa« not oi 
to tho objection to which we hare just reforrod. Of the fifty-two write 
tfaoreforo, vho in France alone dealt with the qnofition, those wero moi 
eagerly listened to who adhered Lu tliis version, of which the follest iui< 
cleareat account is given in Grimm's Carre>ip^miifnce, whcaca wo extrafllj 
it. First, WD ore informM of the manner in which Ube secret wu 
piisod. M. de 1a Oorde, formerly a genllt>man at the Court of Ki 
Lonia XT., found, among the papers left by KTarshal RicheUon. fin origiuD 
letter addresfietl to tho Iklarshat by tho Oncbess of Modena, daughter 
tho liogeut, Duke of Orleans. The letter bcgiua in the following wonlit, 
wliirh are in cypher: — "Here, then, at laet is thia fnmoua story; 
tronblo which 1 had to worm out tho secret waa inconccirablo." Bhri 
thoQ proeeeda to tell tho story of the Man in tlie Iron Mask, as rolatad bj 
hia guardian on bia death-bed in much the fyllowing terms :— 

r>nnng Anne of Austria's pregnancy, two shepherds mme and aalud^ 
to be admitted to the presence of the King rLouis Xm.}. whom tboy told 
of a visioQ which they had had : tho fact bad been rewaled to them thai 
the Queen would bear tunn princen, whose birth would cntAO a eini vat, 
■which would rain the kingdom. The King immcdintety wrote to Cardinal 
IticheUeii, who, in reply, begged htm not to be difitorhed ; bnt to send him 
the two men, promising to secnre their persons and send them to 
Ht. Iiazare. Towards the close of the King'tt dinner the Qaeeo mc 
brought to bed of a rod (Louis XTV.) in tho presence of all the pttrsou 
irho, from their {Kwitton, are entitled to be present at the copftnemaota 
of QueeiiH of France, and the nsual jirocr* rerl^al was drawn np. 

Four honrs later Madame Perronct, the Queen's midwife, came anil 
told I' I l:i\t tbrf (jr.m-n was again in labour. Ho imtanUx not lbr« 

tbfi <_ : QQit hunii-d with htm to tho apartments oftlw QoMn, wfatt^ 

VM drtivcrod of a sucoad son, sturdier and mora blooming than her Gnt- 
bom. The birth was duly noted in a ;'i.w.i ^v^^.I^ which wa» si^ptd by 
(he King, th*; Cbaucrllor, 5tailamn Perrourt, the doctor, sd a gnQtlemau 
of the Court, who in time liecuran guardian of tbe M ■•}(* 

and so won abut up in priaon witli him, as we altall m .,., ..:- .^ ,- -. 

Tho King himself, auiitod by the CbaneeHor, drtw up a fonn of I 
» '■ • ■ • ■ ■ - r * ^r. who had b- 

l ■a oerei to f 

wpt ID the eronl of the Dauphin'ft Aes^', «iv\ \u, u«iV«i Voma 



n6T«r io speak of it, not eren to each other. The child vtm condgn^d to 
the core of Mme. Pemmet, vho 'n-aa desired to say thftt it had beeii 
cDofiilvd (o Ltr by a lady beloDgtng tu the Court. 

WboD the child wna old cmragh to bo made ovor to tho oaro of men, 
it wua cntroslcd to the soma gentlamaa vbo hod been present at its birlb. 
He trnvcltcd to Dijoa with hie cliar^, and lheno« k«pt up a constant 
concflpondeDoe with the Queen-niother, with Cardinal Sfasariu, and with 
tbo Kio^;. In his rctiremeDt ho did not coase to behavo Uko a courtier, 
for ho tr«at£4 the yoong Prince -with all tho deferoDCO vhicli a courtier 
ohflorrcfl tomirds ono who maj ono dny be his master. This doforeutJAl 
tone, which the Prince wiis nt a Ickis Ui account for in ODCvhom ho rcgnrdrd 
as lus father, led io frequent ([ncidioud uu his port as \i> his birth aiid 
poKilioD. Tho ansvers which he received vero not of a naturo to satisfy 
him. At leo^ the yunng Priooe asked hia guardian for a portrait of the 
King (Louis XIV.) ; the guardian was disconcerted, and turned off the 
c»}nToraotioo. Ho had recourse to the same qjqiodiont as often as bis 
pupil Eonght to solrc a mjatety to which he seemed daily to attach 
greater importajQce. Tho young man had an inirigue ^ith a chamber- 
maid in the house ; ho entreated her to f;et him a portrait of the King : 
ebe refhfictl at first, quoting tho order which all the houachold had 
receivod, to give bim nothing, save in the presence of their ma6t4>r. Ha 
penistecl and she promised to do his bidOiug. On seeing tho portrait ho 
was much straek with Im likeness to the King, went straight to bis 
guardiflii, and rtmewed hia u«nal questions, but in a manner more pressiug 
aud with greater aaanrasce, nod cudcJ by again asking for the King's 
portrait. His guardian wiidiod to elude tbo qneiition. "You are 
deceiving me," said tho Prince, ** for bei-e is the King's portrait, and 
n letter to yon wbi^ has Ealleo into my bands has rovealod the mystery, 
which it were Toia in you to seek any longer to coneeal. I am the King's 
liTolhcr. and desire to repair to CViurt without dclny to be recognized, there 
to take the position which is my due." (It miiy be well here to mentiou 
that the guurdiaa declared on bis death-bed, that he bad never been able 
to ascertain by what means the young Priuw hitd obtained tbo letter ; not 
whether he opened a box in which nil the letters were deposited which 
came from the King, the (juocu, and the Cardinal, dot whether he had 
iutercepted it.) He immediately imprisoned the tVince, and forwarded 
a mcssengor to St, Jean dc Luz, whc-ro tbo Court then resided, for the 
purpose of negotiating the peace of the Pyrenees and the marriage of 
the King. The reply was a Itoyal order for tbo immediate remoral of the 
Prince and of bin i^iiiirdian, who were coudueted to the Isles Rte. Morgnente, 
ant] tbonco in timo LmQ^fvntid to tho Castillo, whither the Governor of 
the Isles 81* " . ' " cd them. 

M. de hi i a loDg time in tho confidence of Louis XV., 

hw eonipuetl this story with ibo convcrefttioos which he had bad with tlio 
King respoctiog the ^fan in tho Iron Mask, luid they tolly in more tbim one 
pftrticular. On bis repeatedly fxpresBing an wrdttA 4fc%iitVi \«i\t&.«tB«^ 
ofllo facta oftkia junrrctlone tnU*, tho King ^oiaXimTwfviWv^ wok*^ •- '■■^"^•1 



nm tnilj sorry for bioi, bnl his iu]prin>itineDt was Lnrtfol in none 
biiDsoir, and vms the meAna of prcrentiog great cnlunitteji ; bol I am 
bonnd not to tell ym the stoiy ; " imd the King reminiied La Borde of 
tbo etu-iosity which, from his oarliost childhood, be bad felt lo kao« Um 
tnio of the Iron Mask ; how he had always bocn told Hint ho conld otil^ 
know vrbvD be come of a^e ; that im the day of hia coming of ago bo bad 
oskod to kDon- it ; that the courtiers, who besieged the door of his raomt 
crnvdod round bim with eager questions, to which ha muformly anarend : 
*' You can never be allowed to kuow the truth." 

M. do la Horile farther cxnmiued the rogifiters of St. Iazoto, but tlwy 
do not go so fiir bade as the birth of Louis XiY. 

It 18 one of Ariosto's hcroce, if vo miiituke not, who, in commeuiUnfi 

the ex»-llpiie6 of bis marc, dwells on bor wondrous shape and qunlitics, 

nod ndmita bat ooo singlo dofcct in her, namely, that she is dead. In 

like manner the tale which wo hare