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VOL. XT,. 



18 79. 


[The right iif PHbHthing Trmulotipm of Artielti m t¥t ilagetint it m<rt<d,'\ 


White Winob: A YAcnriHa Sohakcl 


ChAptar I. On the Qna; 1 

„ 11. I1I1U7 Avon 6 

ni. UndwWay S 

„ IV. A UeBuge 15 

„ V. A Brare Career 287 

„ VI. Onr New Gneeta 242 

„ Vn. Northward 249 

„ Vm. Plots and Coonter-plota 297 

> IX. AWildStndio 264 

„ X. "DnnTegftn!— Oh; DnnTegan!" 270 

„ XE. Drewing Nearer 494 

Xn. The Old School and the New fiOO 

Xni. FerdinaDd and Miranda fi07 

XIV. Evil Tidings 613 

XV. Temptation «20 

XVI. Thronj^ the Dark 625 

XVII. VilUny Abroad 742 

XVIIL An Ultimatum 748 

XIX. The New Suitor 755 


Chapter XVI. Kadame de VaubUnc stin np Evil Fassiooa 107 

XVII. In which M. de Fontvieille tells an Old Story 117 

„ XVni. In which U. de S8in^Lnc hears of Something td hii 

Adrantflge 129 

„ XIX. Jeanne quarrels with Fanchette, and Lion sings the 

" Marseillaise" 138 

„ XX. On the Boad to La Trappe 363 

„ XXI. An Unromantic Farting 372 

XXIL "That Imbecile of an Emperor" 385 

„ XXIIL In which L6on asserts his Independence 393 

„ XXIV. Changes 400 

u 4iXV. In vhich Uon plays the part of Bayard to a Limited 

Atuliesce ,„,, ^23 


DfADnunasLLK db JSmbsilc — (eontauud.) 


Chapter XXVL The J^at Eveniiig 62S 

„ XXVIi. FaM«ll to Algiers 634 

„ XXViU. Holmlmnt 641 

„ XXIX, In which Jeanne ttkee a Walk _ ... 650 

„ XXX. Jeanne gainB a New Friend 660 

An Elderly Bomance 549 

Animal Music. By Jamea 811II7 ....1 605 

Alt and DemoHiiacy 225 

Art, The Apologia of 533 

Art, The Dance of Death in Italian 346 

ABeT&t, In » 40 

Atterbuy, Biahop 377 

Ava and England 213 

Brittanjr, Idfe in 667 

Bums, Bobett, Some Aapecta of 408 

Com^e-Fran;ate6, The 66 

CoantMs's Bnbj, Tbp. Part 1 171 

Part IL 296 

Dance of Death in Italian Art S46 

Democracy and Art 22S 

Devon, The Fonr Southern Headlands of 697 

Dinners in Literature 500 

IKsraeli, Isaac, and Bolton Comey 667 

Dolce est Dwipere. (A Latin Student's Song of the Twelfth Centnry.) Sy J. 

A. SyiDonds » 293 

Earth-born Uetooritas 446 

" F^ Ssga," The '. SI 

£bgland and Ava 313 

English and F^voch Pictures 92 

Forms of Salntalaon 573 

Qra; and his SdiooL — Hoars in a Idhmj. No. XXI. , 70 

Haconby, Tho History of. 707 

Hans Sachs and the Mastersong 47fi 

Headlands of Devon, The Four Sonthem 697 

Her Gockoo. By Frederick Locker t. S61 

Horns in a labnty.— No. XXI. €nf and his School 70 

LiAssynt 40 

ZnflneneeottheMindontlLeBody -.».... 148 

ZtaUHiAMvnaI>HWofDaathia - „..,.....■ 34^ 





Justice Ui William 202 

LeareB from the Laurels of Ifoliire 100 

Life in Brittany 667 

literature, DinuerBin S90 

Long Tacstioo, Oxford in 882 

Madame de Sainte-Folye'a Babies 4S0 

Meteorite, Ettrth-bom «6 

Mind, its influence on tbe Body 148 

Holi^, LesTes fimm the Laurels of 190 

Music, Animal. By Jamee Sully 60fi 

Obod 406 

Oxford in the LoQg Vacation 333 

Pictures, French and English , 03 

Registers, The Story of the 317 

Sonumce, An Mderly 549 

"Saga,ThBEgils" 21 

Salutation, Forms of. 678 

Shakspere's Fools. By J. Newby Hettierington 722 

Sleepless Night, A. By Alfred Austin 493 

Story of the Begirtsrs, The 317 

Teaching Orandmother— Onndmother's Teaching, By Alfred Austin 785 

The Conntess's Rnby, Parti 171 

Part II 20fi 

William, Justice to , 202 




" Blesb he! lawik" I 

'•Tku. mm, Moksixds, oo tou mro bbb tkst iTTBAcnTif ? " 107 

Ha Bnrr BxsncTruiXT otxb it, iost lovcaaia it with Bia ufs 129 

Ws rouim biv HHi.TKD tmsKB a dboofixo asb, BXoKitro 2S7 

Tkk basil is aursBD out to bik; axd fimallt Mabt Atom m™""* 267 



OTKB Win lUTTBSfl or IKFOBTAHCl" - 385 

Not DABma to btib baxd ob foot, lbst bb bboitld sutubb bkr 49( 

Abd still wx qlidbd obwabds ih tbb bxatitiful htbkiko fil^ 

"'Crb bok db kok!' biaculatbd tbb AnotiBSBD bubbabd S22 

"Tbabe tod, I DO mot TnsB it" 6<1 

"YoD WOULD rwTin teat, too?" 7*2 


MUHMm runs tliroiigh 
the cmvil ; tl)« vftriotu 
IiIIhts grow aiei't ; all ejfes 
aru fluddenly tiimetl to 
the ROiith. And Uierd, fur 
uway. ov»T the green liaad* 
Inuii.astDnl] tufbof Iirown 
smoko ftppcnrs, rising into 
the golden glow of tho 
nf\«rnnun, ami wo know 
that I>y ftiid by -we tthaU 
see the grrnt stoniner with 
hci- Hcarlot funnels canin 
BiiLling ronnd tho point. 
Tlieljiirdof Dcnny-inainn 
UMiuuK» iin air vf dtUl 
further impoi-tancc; be 
liiilU his fi'ock-cOBt tight 
at tho waist; be itdjusttt 
hiH h]((ck WLtiii iiscktiof 
hiii tall, wli!(«, aUlT lollur nm-ius nion> ri^id and white tlnin ovui'. He 
luLs heard of tho wonderful sti-tinger ; and ho Imows that now she is 
drawing near. 

TOL. XI,. — so. S35. 1, 



Hwrd of h«rt He Iim henrd of notliing (•}»« since ever he cwne to 
im in thaw oorthom w-ilda. For the luistrom of this household — with 
nil bOT domin««rttig vrayn and h«r fita of iuHJ<>Atic temper — hfts n loro for 
her intiDLHte ^rl-frieod* fur iiRming the love of men ; especially wlieii tlui 
young Udtee lire obedient, ftod gentle, and roadj to \»f to her mntrooly 
dignity the earopliment of > respectfal ave. And tliis pa.i-tictiUr friend 
who ix now coming to lu: wlutthaanot tlie Laird heard about hec during 
thoM past few diyB t — of her high courage, Ikt r««olut(; un«clii«hne>s, her 
splendid chodrfttlncas t "A itiugingbinl ui the liooso," that wae one 
MTtlie phnuKK uncd, " in wot wc«thcr or Gn«." Aud llien the eniliiiiiMtio 
Inend muddled her nictAphora somehow, and gava the puatled Laird to 
iiDdentAJid tliat the pnwciiCDof thU young Imiy in a house wns like 
having Mwmt-hrier aliotit tJie trxwu. No wonder bo put oa }ti« hijB;liesk 
and atiD'est t-oilar before he marched gnmdly down with tm to the tjuay. 
" And doee idte not deacrvc a lon^ holiday, hit t " aiys the lord's 
hosUn to liim, ue toother they watch for the ntoamer comiitg xound the 
point. "Jtmt faucyl Two montliii' iitt«ndiuiooon tiuitold woman, who 
waa hor inoihrr's nnrMc. Two months in a sit-k-rooui. wiljioiit a iiout to 
In^tik the monotony of it. Aud the ^1 living in a Binuige town all hy 

" Ay ; and !ii stwh n town tut Eilinlmr^h," rnmarks th*- T^inl, with 
groot companion. His own proi»erty liiv jitst ontmJe GLisgow. 

" Dear me," sayB he, " whAt must a young English Icddy hare tbouj^ht 
of our Scotch way of ftpoedi whca alie heard tlicy poor Bdinborgb bodies 
and tlicir yanmenug Hiag-«on£l Not that I (pinm^ with any people for 
having ilU accent in ibeir wity of »p««kiug ; tb«!y bn-vc Uiat in all imrLs 
of England at veil as in Scotland — in Vorkidiixe, and SometMtflhice, and 
what not; and even in London it«elF tbero is a way of speech that is 
quite tcoDgoiaablo to a BkanjfGr. But I have often thought that Uiore 
was Ian trace of aceent about tllcsea a.nd tho west of Seothuid than in 
aiiy Othor part; in fact, ah baro often In.'un taken for on Euglisbmon 

"Indeed ! " fw.y« lUa gentle crctaltitti etAnding by bin ; and her np- 
tiimcd eyeaare full of an Innocent belief. Yon would swear die was medi- 
tating on munmoning insUuitly her boyd fiom £psom College Uiat they 
might acquire a pure accent — or get rid of oH accent — on the hanks of 
the Clyda 

" Yes," says the I*trd, with a deci^on almost amounting to entfait- 
Bin«m, "it Is a grand inbmtance that wo in the Rontb of Scotland are 
preserving for you Kngtinli pco[»le: and you Icnow little of it. You do 
not know that we are prc^^rviog the Engli^li language for you aa It waa 
spoken centuries ngo, aud aa you find it in yonr oldest writitigH. Soolti- 
cisme I Why, if ye were to rmd the proev of UnmloHlle or Wyclif, or 
tb» poetiy of Itohert of Brunne or Ijtngilnlc, yi- would 6od that our 
SootUdaniB were the very pith and marrow of the English iangunga 
Ay; itHtw." 




tbe ionocent ejes exprcGs such profouud iiitor«st Ut>t tli« I^urd of 
Dennj-tnaioa nlmoat forgets about ihc ccmUig BtcnmtT, m uuxioits is he to 
cmsh us witli ft dwi^lAV of liis erudition- 

" It ia ju»t reniarknblo," lie iuiyi*, " that ycmi- dictioiiiu-iw slioulcl put 
doim as obsolvtu wonls that iLr« in commou uw all over the aoiith of 
Soothud, wfaoc, Da I a&j, the old Xortbumbrinn I-^gtish ia preaerT«(l io 
itfl purity; nud thatyesboiild have Imiiioil jioople hunting U|) in CbnoMr 
for the very upeech that they might hear among tha Vtts n' 
iiig ahout tho Gallowgate or tbe BroomielAw, ' J\7ia'* athl 
yflf you Hoy to ona of them; sad you think you are tJilking 
Hcotch. No, no; acht is only the old BogUab for possession : isn't 
' Whik'i aihl yt / ' shorter koA fiithior tlian ' To tehom lic yofi heioug 1 * 

"Oh, rtrtainl; ! " siyt the meuk disciple : the recall of the boys Snisi 
Borroy is ohviously dwiidcd on. 

" And iptir for inqvir/-. ; imd_/>»'fy for icon-hr/ut ; and l^ae for l«te ; 
niid /«y for about to dU; and rftk for ginolc^; nii«l nhnun/ul for l/eeom- 
iwj; and btiyve, ond/nv, and liuftjan, nml saeU words. Ye call them 
^tch I Oh. no, mft'nm ; thfiy are English ; ye find th^m in nil tlin «ld 
RnglLdi writ«r*; iind they arc the best of Engli>;h ton ; a gi-eal d«>al better 
than tlio Fivnchifinl RtufTthat your Houthcra Ku;gliHli has Iteconic" 

Notfisr worlds would th» Iisird havswoundwl th<? patriotic sensitivo- 
nesH of this gwntle friend of hia from the South ; but. indeed, she had 
Finrrly nothing to complnin of in his ioaieting to on Bugluhwoman on 
tli« vatu« of thorongh KngHih. 

*' I thought," saya she, demurely, " that the Scotch Lad a good mHiiy 
French worii in it." 

The Laird protends not to liciu- : ho h so dRe]tly intArmted in tho 
tteamer vluch IA now coming over the smooth waters of the bay. But, 
having annonnced t}iiit thf^io ate n grcnL many people on board, be re> 
turns to his diAcourRO. 

" Ah'ta sure of this, too," says he, " that in th» matter of pj-onun- 
ciation the liowland Scotch have preAnrred the liest F^iiglinh^yoti can 
SM thnt /ailhfr, and Up^tmonlh, and twa, Hnd such w^rda are n«u-er the 

original Anglo ScLxon " 

His Ikcarcnj hiid bwn taui;ht to shaddti-atthe plmuc Anglo-Saxon — 
witliout exactly k-nowini,' why. B>it whocould witlwUind ibo authority of 
the Laird ? Mortovor, we *ee rtliof dniwiiig near ; the Bteamer's paddles 
are throbbing in the Ktill atV^mooQ. 

"If yo turn to Pitm tkf. I'lMowau" continuis tho indefatigable 
Dcnny-nmiiis, "ye will find TjflngdiJe wntiug — 

AnS ajfuit Oni^Ja and Cnxym^ 

>Vhy, it is the fumiliar phriwe of our St^otcli children ! — Do ye think 
tliey would ni«y c»r<{» I .'Vnd then, frtw. 1 nm not sure, but 1 imagine 
Only nuikitig uin; of old Hugliah wlion we make certain 
rf feod iiliiral. We say ' n few broth ; ' wo spciak of porridge as 
' they.' Fvrhaps that is a Burvival, too, eh!" 


" Ob, yn, corttiioly. But plouo miixl tlis ropce, sir," obaerToa lila 
humble papil, cftcuAil of ber mtuter'ii pbyincoJ safety. For ai thu momeot 
th« stmmcT is alowing into tlic qu^y ; imd tho m«n Imvc tlio npM ready 
to fling jwhoi-i*. 

" Not," i-ecoarka iite iMid, pnvlenlly backing niray from tbe edge of 
tho pier, *' that I woiiIJ eay anything of these matters to your ycnnig 
Kiiglud) rricod ; ocrUunly not. Ko doubt she prefers tbe aouthem Knf^ 
lub abo boe beoo Moistomcd to. Dot, bl«sa me ! jiut to tbint that sbo 
■LoDld jddga ofour Sootcb tongtw by tb« way tbey Rdiiibargti bodies 

" It is atd, is it not 1 " rcmorka biB compoDion — but oU hor attcntioa 
U notr fixed on tlie crowd of jxwpte Kwivrming to tbe Hide of tbe xteunrr. 

" And, iiidee>l" the l^rd eKiilmmi, io clone Ibe miliject, " it in only n 
hobby of mine — only a hobby. Ye may bavfl notioed that 1 do not nae 
thow wordH in my own Bpeech. though 1 Talne tbem. No, 1 will not 
foi-co any Scotch on the young loddy. As ab my, ah have oAqq been 
talcMi for nil Knglidbman ninsol/, both si home nnd n.broiul." 

Anil now — nnd now — tbe grt«t steamer is iji at the <juay ; tlie gangways 
are ran over; tboi« is a tlirouging up tbe paddlfi-b(ntes ; and Mger fitoM 
on Hhure scon Bqiially eager facit:^ on board — eiudi pair of eyes looking for 
that otrber pair of eyes to flatth n glad recognition. And where i» nbe^ 
tbe Bower of womnntdnd^-tho possessor of nil virtue and grace and 
conrege — the wonder of the world t The Laird slisrM in our excitement. 
He, too, scans tbe crowd eagerly, lie submits to be bustled by tbo |>or- 
tera; be hean nothing of the roaring of the steam ; for U she net oontii^j 
nshoR at last I And we know — or gitt»s — tbut he is looking out for 
some ^>loiuIid creaturo— same BeoLdicm, with stately' tread aud uaperious 
mien — soiae JepbUia'a daughter, witli proud <leath in ber eyes — some 
Rosamond of our niodom cUys, with a gloiy of lovcUneas on ber face and 
hfiii-, Aud we know tbftt the lua^tk-r who hfts been lecturing ns for half- 
aii-hour on our disgraceful negli?ct of pure Kngluih will not «hoek t!ie 
Benatiro 8outliem ear by any lurnili ac«mt of tlio North ; bat will oddixsw 
ber in beaatiful and courtly strains, in tones sueh as KdinbHrgb never 
knew. Where is tbe ({ueeu of womaokinit, amid all tliis oommonplaoe, 
btiRying, loqaadona crowd t 

Koithwith the liSJrd, with a quick amazement in liis eyc!i,iKes a small 
and imilj^ifiGantr person — he only catches a gUmjiee of a black dress and 
a white face — suddenly clasped round in the warm etubrnco of her triead. 
He stares for a aeeond ; and then be exclaims — apparmtly to hima^lf : — 

" Dear mc I Wlwt a sbitpit bit thing I " 

PoU—tivjht — lirlLcaW—tity : surely such a master of idiontatic Eng- 
lish cannot have fur^lten tbe existence of these words. But tJiis ia all 
he cries to biuinelf, in bis surpri^ and wonder: — 

" Pear mo .' AM»at a sliilpil bii tiling 1 ' 


TsE bri^lit, frank laugli of her teao . — tbo friendlj, unlicKitatUig, afiW- 
tionA.t« look in tboac sort \Aiu3t. «yt* I \l« for^t nil nbout Itoi^t.mon'l 
luid DoocIicHk whoii be wiut presout«<l to Uiis " diilpit " pursoti. And 
vlien, mstoad of tho uaaal coremony of introduction, alio bmroly put her 
hand in his, and snid uhe Iind often Eii^nn] of him from their oomnjon 
friend, liB did not uotice that dhe wan rathw [lUiri. Hti did not o von 
«top to ooDiiiJor iu wlutt de^ri3« her HoiiUicrn acciuib might )>c iinjiruveil 
by re(ud«iiec nuongBt the preser* era of pure Knglisb. Ue was anxiotts 
Lo know if Kho wnsnot greatly tired. He ho|)ec] the sea had been Kniooth. 
wtlifl alcuocr camo \nuX Giisdalo. And her luggage — aliould ho look 
ftfter her loggage for her } 

But Miss A%'cn was an oxjiert tr«Teller, and quite competODt to 
look *fter her ova luj^;itgc. Even u hu H))Dkp, it vits hctog boiatod on 
to the wBggon«tt«. 

" You vill I'et ma drive t " says sbt), eyeing critically tho two shnggy, 
fiinn-lookin^ uninuils. 

" Indeed I sbAll do notlung of the kind," snys her hoEitcx^, promirtly. 

But there wa8 no duai>|Kiintni«i)l nt all on her face lut wo drove away 
through tlie gold«n ereuiiig — by the sidB of the luiirtuurinK tOiorc, past 
the overhanging fir^vood, up and lu-ross tho kigh land commanding a 
view of the wide wentem tea*. There waa instead a look of such inten&c 
delight that we knew, however silent tho lips might bo, that tho bird- 
soul waa siDging witbio. Evorytliing pliamied her — the coo], sweet air, 
thu M^rnt of thosea-wccd, th« glow on llic luoimtjbins out thei-e in the 
wcet. And u aho chutterod btr dclijtlit to ws — IJko a bird eeatped from 
it« prison nnd glad to got into the Ktmltght und fr(« air again — t]i« Lnird 
Htte mute vnd listened. He watcltfHl the frank, bright, c>x]ire>«ive face 
lie followed and responded to her every mood— with a aoi-t of fond paternul 
indulgence tliat almodt prompted him to take her hand. When sJie smiled, 
he langheJ. Wben nhc talked soriouiOy, ho looked concerned. He wa« 
enWxdy forgetting that she waa a "shilpit hit thing ;" and he would have 
admitted that the 8outhem way of speaking EngliMh — although, no doubt, 
fallen away from the IradiUona of the Northumbrijin dialect — had, after 
all, a certain muMc in it that uado it ploaeont to ttio car. 

Up the hill, then, with a floiu-isb for tho ]ai>.t I— the dust rolling away 
in clouda bobind u» — the view over thi; Allautie widuning ua we uaccnd. 
And here ii Caetlo Oepiey, as we have dubbed the plaoe, with its wide 
open door, and its walla half bidden with tiee-fiichKiaA, and iUgreat rose- 
garden. Had Fair Hoflamond hei'self come t« CoBtlo Osprey that even- 
ing, shecould not have been wait«i on with gnsiter solicitude than the 
Laird showed iu assiiitingtbifi "shilpil bit tbing" to alight— though, indeed, 



thvn wta a sliglit statnble, of nrhit^b no one took tmy notion at tlie ' 
Ho busied luifi&i'lf villi )u.'i- Inj^^c quite unoeoc^ssarily. Fin Busnested 
ft cap of t«a, tUough it waiit«d bat fift<«n minutes to diimcivtime. 
afisnrcd her that Uio glnss wiu rking — wbu'h wiie not the case, 
whoa sbfi vma being bunicd off to h«r own room to proporo for dinner — 
by one who rolnhcr bmiiu^hoi<) with » rml of iivm^ho hnd th« oRrontory 
to tell bfir to (alio her uwii tiiu» : diuui-r could wait. Tliu inau dctoally 
proponed to kecfj diuntn- wniling^in Cttstle Ovprcjr. 

Tkfttthw wail love at Hint eiight, who could doubt) And p«Thnp€ tiiv 
nimble brain of one who wax nt thii moment hurriedly drming in her 
own rootu — and whom nalura baa coiuttitiitod lui iitdeTatigablo uiatdi- 
miil:nr — may have been i-oniudering whethor this rich old badiolflr might 
not Qiariy, after all. And if he irero to marry, why should not he many 
the yoimg btdy iu whom ho seemed to hnvo talien eosuddou and wurm 
an interest 1 Asforhtr : Mary Avon wm now two ortltree-and-tvmby ; 
tiic ma not Ukoly to prove attriictivc to young men ; her small fortune 
WAS seorMly vorth coniidorlng ; sha was almwt alone in the wetld. 
01<J«- m«n had inarri^ youngei- wemnn. The Tjiinl ha<l no immediat* 
rcluUve lo inherit Dsnny-iuaiiis ajid his veiy auLxtantiiil fortiuiP. And 
would lUny not «ee plenty of each other on boani tlio yacht > 

Rut in lier heart of hearts the xchemei- knew better. Blw knew that 
tiie n>iiuuu«-cbapt«r tn the Laird's life — and a Intta-ch^ter it waa — had 
been finlahed and clomd and put awny many and many a year a^ Sfa» 
kni>w Low Ibi) groit diMji^wintment of hiii lifo had foiled to stMir him ; 
how lt« WAX nady to share among fricjids and coropanioDS the Urge 
and goneronK licait that had been for a time laid at tho foot of aJilL; 
liow ilia keen and active interest, that might have been confined to his 
ehildren and his children's children, waa now devoted to a hundred 
thinga— tho planting at Benny-maimt, the gr«it hereay cue, tho patroD- 
age of young uituttH, even tlic prcHervation of pure English, an'l what 
noi. And that fortunato young gE!DtIi?man — oetensibly titit nephew — 
whom he hail m-ut to Hnrrxiw iwd to Cnmbi-idgr, who was now living a 
very <aiiy life in the Mitldle T«tup]i>, and who wuuld no doubt come in 
for IViiny-niuiiiiil Well, we kiww a Ultlci nltoiit tlint young man, too. 
We knew why the Laird, when he found that l>oth the hoy'a fitther and 
mother were dend, adopted him, and educated him, and got him to csJl 
him uncle. Tfe liiul taken under liLt care the sou of the woman who bad 
Jilted hiin iivt;-aiid- thirty years ago ; tht! lad IukI hiii mutJiui's eyui. 

jVnd now we uro nsBembled in the dntwing-room — all except tlto new 
goeet; and the glow ef the sunset is sliiniug iu at the optm windowa. 
The Laird is eagerly ]irov>og to us tJiat the change from tlie oold cnet 
winds of Edinburgh to the warm wostcrly winds of the Higlilands must 
make an immediate cluuige in the young lady's bro— and declaring that 
ehe onght to go on board the yocfat at onoe — and asseiiing tltat the 
ladi«a' coluu on board tbc Whitt i>ooi is tbe ntosl beautiful little nbin ha 
ever ttw — wbea 

■wniTE wmos: a YAcnrnfo rokakob. 7 

'Wbeu, hd>old* M the open door— meeting; the cli^vof the Runnliiitc — 
ii|i{aBni K Sgan — dresBed all io bWk vdvot, plitin and ucadoniMi but 
lor ■ bnmd Mt of pdd fringe that comvs round the n«ck &nd oroeaeH the 
l-TTfin And nWro that ngaia in u lot of whitv miutlin etuff, oo wbich 
tin ■a«n,«faivp"ly,anooUi-dn'«wH] 1i<>ju1 kocuir ^ttly to m^i. Tbe plain 
Uxk xviYtA dnm gins n cvrtnin importnncn nnd oiiliobtnttiiJity to the 
lAlienrlce tUght 6gur« ; tlie bnxul Ennfi<e of |B;old glints and gl^tms as sko 
BMVCM Ccnnuxb ox ; bat ««'ho am even think of tlteee tilings vben h« 
I tbti brave gluice of M»ry Avon's eyml Hba irne humming, at 

I aune do«rn ttie stair — 

O tiini 04 ten;, ltu*it, iJumyi I J'"} awi; 
Ftr rU (MM tmd t^U tf iXrai a', 

mjglit hiiv« knowii It wu tli« Urd-wul conw »ntoiig as. 
Now tiw uuuuaer ia which the Laird of Deony-DiAinB aot about enp> 
ibt nlTeetioiiR of this innocent young tiling — hh ho Hite opposite 

Pal dinoer — wotild hnve inRrit«4l ftevere it^roof In one of \em m»lTirP 
•ip; utd mightt iuiU'f<), h^re I>oen rollowm) by Mrioos 04liS«^nou»ji but 
for the v«a^- deddMl manner in which >Ii«B Avon showed thiit »he 
coold tak« tat* of horsolf. Wbocr^ luurd M&17 Aron Uugh would 
hKT* hnn oamted. And iili»did laugh a good deal; for tbe Fiun), dctnr- 
mined to amitie her, was r«httiag a »enm of anecdotea which tio adlod 
"jfood oooB," and which nMKucd to luivo ufTonkHl gruit enjoyment to tho 
paopla of tba south of Beotland during tho butt contury or so. Thorn 
vat In oqndal n Hfgliliuid idewnni of n iit«aiiicr about whom n v^t 
aHDlies- vt thoM storm waa told ; imd if tht^ jtoint w-os Ht time« nitber 
ififlruJt Ui mtch, wbn ooald fail to be tickled by tbn Ijiinl'd own and 
obvioos t«jo]nnent I " Tbnv was another nood one, 3Iias Avon," ho 
woqM asT ; and thmi tbn bar» maiaory of II10 ffr«at GuMtiotisDCSi of ihn 
aondotft would i^tfvilt out tu stidi liiUf-«tii>jin<iiOMHl guffaws as allognthFir 
to stop the carrant of the unmitivc. Miw Avon Uu^lio<l — wo could not 
t]iril« tall whether it wiu at ttm Highland Bt«vud or tiH> lioird — until tlio 
tiws ran down hir cbn-ka. Dinner was scarcely thought of. It wa.1 » 
jilgracrfal nxluhitton. 

" Tben wm another good one about HojB«h," eaid the Laird, vainly 
■lalwHiaiiiiit to Kuppn-ws lib hingbUT. "He cam» op on derk 000 
•nensoaaly hot diij, and looked aftlton*, and atw some cattl« bUuiding 
kam-imp In n pool of vaiar. Siiys Ih< — ha ! ha ! ba I — ho I ho t bo I— 
a^a be— «ay» be — ' .1 irwA a vast a »4ot ! ' — he I ho ! bo !— bo I ho ! bo 1 " 

IOfoonrao wo all laughed heartily, and Marj- Avon moro than any of 
us; bot if situ had Kunu down on hr-r knimt ami sworn that slut ktivw 
what the point of tJio story waa, we should nut have believed bur. But 
the Lainl was dsligbled. He went on with bis good one*. The mytbkal 
Uamali and bCs ididlin ndvcntttm became portentom. TIib very 
■tranu eoold varcely carry tho disbM etraight. 

But in thn miiJKt of it all tbe Laird suddraly let bis knife and fork 
iknp on his pUto> and ntoroil. Tlxin ho ixuickly cxdainMl — 


"BleMuol Ihdq!" 

We aaw in a aecond what had oocasioiKd hia aliu-m. Tlir gu-l'H face 
liad become gtiastty white ; imd alie wu almotil Gilliag awaj from ber 
cbair whco her tuMUM, who hapjicned to Bpring to hor foot first, cutgtt^ 
licr, and held her, and called Tor wat«r. What could li mouil Maty 
Avon was not uf iho nigliin),' luiil fatDliiig Cratemity. 

Aad ]>ro«antl7 »lu> caiuD to heraelT — and Cuntly making apologiM, 
wuuld ^ IVom ll>e room. It wan bra- anUe, itha nannured — with the 
ravu still 'vrhit« (roil) [NUQ. Itut wlieu the tri»l to riw, she fell hack 
iigain : thA ngonv vos too great. And ao we had to cany her. 

Aliout ten minutcM thei'eafter the miBlrvss of the houw came back to 
the lAird, who had been sitting hy hiusoUt in great conooni. 

" lliat girl I tliat girl 1 " sh* mdaima — and one might almost imagine 
thei-c an> tears in htr ojrca. " Can jon fiincy such a thing ! She twisCa 
bor anUc in getting down from tb« wuggoniitU;— briiigiit hock the old 
Hpnun — porhapa lamai benwlf for life — and, in iqiita of tlie pain, Hits hero 
laughing and joking, satiiat ahe mnjr not njx>il our Sret evening togrthftr ! 
Did you ever boar of Ftiich a thing! Sitting here laughing, with her 
ankle swelled so that I hul to cut the boot off\" 

" Omcious mo ! " aajs the lAird ; " ijt it an bad as that 1 " 

** And if she should become pomintionUy lame — whjr — why — 

Cut waa ahc going to make an appeal diroct to tlie owner of Denn; 
maina I If the younger men wei« not likdy to marry a lame iiltio whil»- 
fac«d giri, that wiw none of bis hibtineta. 'Die lalrd'tt mairying-daya had 
de|parted Svc-anJ-Uiirty yeaj% before. 

However, we had to finish oor dinner, Boniohow, in consideralion 
to our elder gunt. And thoa tlie uiigoon came; and bound up tbe 
nnUc hard and Guit ; and Mim Avon, with a tbouaaiul mock npolonicti 
for being no stupid, dectatvd again and again that hor foot wotild ho all 
right in the morning, and tliat we most g«t nmdy to atari. And whm 
her inead a£»>ured her tbnt this pfetiuiaary Cant«r of the yacht might j \i»i 
OR well bo put off far u few days — until, for example, that young doctor 
from Edtn1)urf;h came who bad been int-ited to go a proper ci-uisc with 
ufl — ^lier distress was so great that we bad to promise to start next day 
punctually at ten. So she sont iw down again to amtuiu tlie laird. 

But luak I wliat a this we boar, just as Deouy-iiialns in Laving hia 

whisky and hot water bninght in t It in a gay vwce humming on tbo 

stain — 

^jf f&£ nuiybi t^ fair Z'iTkk't matter*. 

*' That girl 1" cries her bosten angrily, as sho Jumps to her feeL 
But tbo door opens ; nnd hem is Maty Avon, wiUt calm self-poaBCB* 
sioii, making her way to a chair. 

" I knew you wouldn't beliovo n>o," anys she coolly, " if I did not 
como down. 1 toll you my foot is as well m may bo ; and Dot-aad- 
carry-one will get down to tlio yacht ia (be morning aii ewily ns any of 
you. And tliat last stoi^ about Uomeah," ebe aays to tfao Iwrd, with 




fn tho soft, blftck oym that must Iiave made his li«ert jump. 
'"BmII^, ur, you must tell me the ending of that st«i-y ; it was so stupid 
of mo !" 

** Shilpit " ehe uin}* Itavc boeti ; but ttw ktrd, Tor odo, was hcj^uing 
to belie\'B tlint tliis giil had tbo coumgo and Dvrvc of a. duzcn oion. 

cnAPTEn m. 
UnDBK Wat. 

The fintt cngnr g'lnnoe out on tbis brilliant and beautiful moi-ning ; mid 
boKold I it is all a wonder of Tibie scuia find bino skiea that wo find )>cfore 
lis, wilh IJfimoi-e lying goldeu-^frecii in tlie sunlight, and the great moun- 
tains of Mull and Moi-v«n shining with tho pale ctherial rotoura of tho 
<lAiim. And what aro the rhTtrm that am linging throngh one's brain 
—the who perchance of something h4>ard far awny lunong tbo ishtiiils^ 
tbo islands that await onr coming in tho west 1 — 

ttaal lifrrd hea(her .' 

la>id t^wM nmathtr. 
And tht cry af Ike K»iW, and li^litugh o/fA* trc«f«/ 

locr, nau.-, (o^fthtr 

Tlirottfih ihf ii'inrf and xmhi nralhtr 
We Kprtar! aiir wUU uiU l« encoyiiler titeitatt 

Up and out, laggards, now; nnd hoist tliix big red and bhte and 
whiie thing up to tho bead of th« tall [iol» that the UJs f«r below may 
know to M»i(l tiio gig ashure for us! AiiU Uiei'e, on tho rufficd bluo 
wat<TK of tho bay, behold I the noble \Th\te Dove, with her great mainsail, 
ojul miizen, and jib, all set and glowing in tho sun ; and the sou-let ni-jis 
of the men are lite i>oJnt« of firo in this fair bluo picture ; and the rej 
enrngn i& tlutCei'ing iu Uil' light iiurtb-wxwterly br^«zi'. lirealdast is 

■ hurried over ; and a iimall [mtibod who has a passion for flowers is daitli- 
ing hither and tbitber in the gaidcii until bhc has omnSficd an aiiurul of 
our old fiiuiiliar fWends — abnndanl roKog, fuehejiua, boartV-iiui*, vuriouE 
coloured euhimbtiiP, and masses of Hontlic-rnwouil t^-j scfnt our iloating 
aaloon ; thu wagonette is at the door, to (4ilte cur invalid down to 
tbe Innding-alip ; and the I^ird has diseitrded bis dignified cuHtinne, 
aod appears in a fihootiog-coat and n, vast gi^y wide-awake. Aa fur 
Uaty Avon, she is tangbini^, chatting, singing, here, thoi*, and fveiy- 
where— giving us (o iitiiicnitand tliat it Kjii-aiiR'd ankle is rnther a pica- 
^M sate tlian olherwLs«, aud a groat a^JsIaikw in walking; until the Laii-d 
^^ poaacM upon ber — as one might pounce on a butt«rfly^iind imprisuiia 
her in Ui* waggonette, with majiy a Kerious warning alxiut lier impiu- 
deuce. 'j'heri) let her siag to herself as ahe likes — amid the wild confii- 

Ision of things forgulten till llio la»t niomeot and thrust upon us juai as 
we start 
And here is tbe etalwart and hrown-bcorded Captain John— John of 




8ltya we caII him — himaelf oobu adioie in thb gig, in all his ti(ile«i(loi 
of ilM and tnu« liuUons ; and be tnkn off hla peaked mp to Hit; nubti-t^ 
of our hooaebold — wliotn soma of lit>r frioudK call Queen Titania, bccai 
of ber midge-Uke sue — and he m^ to ber with x am\e — 

" Aad will Mts. lienelT be going witli us tbia time 1 " 

Tbitt i« CH|it.iiii John's ctiif-f concern : for ho hae a great 
this doiiimei.-riiig Miinll woman; »nd shows his nnqn'ct for bcr, and bis 
own high notions of wMricsj, by invariably adda'ating ber in the tbird 

*' Oh, yes, John I " Ha>'8 she — nnd she oui look plcanst euou^'li when 
Hhp likM — "and this iiin yonng friend c£ inin<», Mihs Avon, whom ya 
have 1(1 Uike gtotit cara of on liounL" 

And 0A|4Ain John takes offhiti cap a^n ; and is understood to tc 
thii juiin^ liidy that ho will do hi« bost, if siuf will exciuo hia not knc 
ing much Englisli. Tlitn), with j^eni care, and with some difficulty 
Sii>K Avuit L" aisnistvd down from lliv wuggontttto, and couductvd 
the rough little Iiuidlng-slip, and helped intxi the stem of the shapely 
ahlning gig. Awny with her, hnyaf Tlie s]>biflli of tlte oath is heard 
(be still bay ; th« ehoro recodm ; tlie white sails aeeni to liw hi^ior int 
the blue sky as we D«ur the VHcht ; hnro a the blnok hull with its line 
gold — the gangway open — the ropm ready — the white decks brilliant n 
the eun. Wo are on board At IftSt. 

** Anil where will Mr. hiiiitwlf be Tor goingi * asks Jobn 

B, AS the men nre hivuling the ff-^ up io the davits. 

Mr. ■ briefly Imt seriouiJy exjilAioM to the captnin tbat:, from HMne 
aligbt experience of tL« winds on tliis t-xHUil, hti lias found it of about as 
maeh use to order the tides to bo changed as to settle upon any defimlo 
route. But he Ensg»t« the cirenin navigation of the ailjaceut island of 
Mull a.s a sort of preliminary center for n few dayti, until a cei-tain 
iiotAl>lo giiMt xlinll arrive; and he would prefrr going I>y the south, if 
ibo hoDOumlile winds will )iorin)t. Further, John of Skye is not to 
afraid of a bit of sea, on ocooant of either of tlieeto Udics; both nro i 
cellont Bailors. With tbesa somewhat ragne instmctions. Captain Jc 
[in left to get the >-ikcht under wdgh ; and we go below to look after 
ittovage of oor things in the \-ariotu state-roomK. 

And what itt tida vit^ent Hltenation going on, in the sdoon 1 

" I will not have a wor<l said ugainiii my captain," lays Mary Ave 
**I am in love nitli him already. His English In perfeetly enrroet.'* 

T})is imjKtrtini^nt minx talking about correct I'lngliiib in the preaenoe 
of Uio Laird of IJcnny-mains '. 

" ' On. herself' is perfectly correet ; it ia only iJoUtenesa ; it is 

like saying * Vonr Grace ' to u Duke." 

But who was denying it I Surely not the imperious little womu 
who was arranging her Bowers on tJie Kaloou*table ; noi' y»t Denny- 
mainH, who was cxaLmiiiins n Iwx of iiirie)pitcd and reomdite fishing- 

wmTB wmss! a YACHrma romahck 11 

" It is all very well for fine ladies to laTigh at the blunders of aerrant 
maids," continues this audacious girl. " ' Miss Brown presents her com- 
pliments to Miss Smith ; and would you be so kind,' and so on. But 
don't they often make the same blunder themselves t " 

Well, this was a discovery 1 

" Doesn't Mrs. So-and-So request the honour of the company of Mr. 
So-and-So or Mias So-and-So for some purpose or other ; and then you 
find at one comer of the card ' R. S. V. PA' ' Answer, if you please ' ! " 

A painful silence prevailed. We began to reflect. Whom did she 
mean to charge with this deadly crime ) 

But her triumph makes her considerate. She will not harry us with 

" It is becoming far less common now, however," she remarks. " ' An 
answer is requested,' is much more sensible." 

" It is English," says the Laird, with decision. " Surely it must be 
more sensible for an English person to write English. Ah never oae a 
French word maself." 

But what is the English that we hear now — called out on deck by 
the voice of John of Skye 1 

" Eachan, slack the lee topping-lift .' Ay, and the tackle, too. That'll 
do, boys. Down with your main-tack, now ! " 

" Why," exclaims our sovereign mistress, who knows something of 
nautical matters, " we must have started ! " 

Then there is a tumbling up the companion-way ; and lo t tiie land 
is slowly leaving us ; and there is a lapping of the blue water along the 
side of the boat ; and the white sails of the White Dove are filled with 
this gentle breeze. Deck-stools are arranged; books and field-glasses 
and what not scattered about ; Mary Avon is helped on deck, and 
euBconced in a snug little camp-chair. The days of our summer idleneBS 
have b^un. 

And as yet these are but familii^ scenes that steal slowly by — the 
long green island of Lismore — Lioa-mor, the Great Gfarden; the dark 
ruins of Duart, sombre as if the shadow of nameless tr^^ies rested on 
the crambling walls ; Loch Don, with its sea-bird-haunted shallows, 
and Loch Speliv leading up to the awful solitudes of Glen More ; then, 
stretching far into the wreathing clouds, the long rampart of precipices, 
rugged and barren and lonely, that form the eastern wall of Mull. 

There is no motonony on this beautiful summer morning ; the scene 
changes every moment, as the light breeze l>earB us away to the south. 
For there is the Sheep Island; and Garveloch — which is the rough 
island; and Eilean-na-naomha — which is the island of the Saints. But 
what are these to the small transparent cloud resting on the horizon t 
— smaller than any man's hand. The day is still ; and the seas are 
smooth : cannot we hear the mermaiden singing on the far shores of 
Colonsay I 

" Cdonsay t " exclaims the Laird, seizing a field-^ass. " Dear me I 



Is that Coloosarl Aud Uiey UUiad mo that Tim Gfilbnutli vaa going 
tbece Uiit very yoAr." 

The piece of oen fitl]« to atatOe lu uito^Uicri tiiough we Iiave 
beard the Laird speak of Ur. Ualbraith before. 

" Ay," says he, •■ tb« world will know eomeUiing o' ColonsBjf when 
Tom Gellmuth get« tJiere." 

" Whom did you say 1 " Mm Atod aak*. 

■' \Vliy, OiilbraiUi ! " flnys he. " Tom Gilbraithl" 

Tlio Laird starot in amazement. Id it posHiblfl eb« Hm not heard of 
Tom Gftlbrnitbt And riie bond/ on nrUgt; and oomitig diiccL ri<om 
Edinburgli, wtiere «he line been UTiDg for two whole moatlu ! 

"Gnicioua mc !" taji the Leird. " Ye do doL say yo have oavet 
beard orGBll>rnitli— 1u>'s uiAcademeeeJanl—aSooUishAcidomeooiui !" 

" Oh, ye» ; uo doubt," vhe Bays, i-athoi- bowildi-rred. 

" There i« no one living has had eadi an ioSacDM OQ our Sootoh 
adiool of puinten; iLS LlalbmilJi^a iiiaq v( gr*«t abcdity— a man of 
gieat and uncaoinion abof.-lity— he is uiie of tJie meet fmiiutis Undscajie- 
pftinterB of our day " 

" t scsrc.'ly met any one in Ediubuigh " she plenilK. 

" Knt iu Lumlon — in Xjoudoii ! " rxclnims the aMooished LoInL " Do 
yo mi'au to uiy y<ta never heard o' Tom Galbmitb t " 

" I — I tliiuk not," aliB cenfeana. "I — X don't remember his nsniiB 
in the Academy catalogue——" 

" The Boy^ Anidinny I " cries the Luird, with Hcoro. '' Ni>, no I To 
need iiot expect that. Tlio En;{lish Academy is itfraid of the Si'Otcbiiieit : 
their ])icturua an too Btroog ; you du not put good Eioii(«t uhitiky Imttdo 
small beor. I ny the English Academy is afraid of the Scotdt 
ediool ■• 

But deeh and blood can stand this do longer : we sbiUl not have 
Marj' Avon trainplt^d upon. 

" Look here, Denny- mains : iro always thought thae was a Bootdf 
man or two in the Royal AoAdnmy itwlf— and t\mU) cnpable of holding 
theii" own itiere, tuo. Wiy, tlie Prwidenl of th« Academy is « Scotch- 
man ! Aud m iov tlie Acodeiuy exhibiUou, the very walls are emotht^rcd 
with 8«>Lch hills, Scotcb spates, Sootdi peasants, lu say Dutliin-^ uf llie 
Ihotuand l»crniig-siiiack» of Tarbert." 

" I tell ja they rire iifmi<l of Tom Galbi'Aith ; llioy will not exhiltit 
one of hiH pictons,'*HByB ibo Lai2\l, stutboi-nly ; and here the dtscusaion is 
closed ; for JMoitt^r Fred tinklt-s his boll Iwlow, and wc have to go down 
for luncheon. 

It was most uofkir of the wind to take ndvuulogo of oor nbecnce, ami 
to Boeak off, leaving us in a dead calm. It was all very v«]|, when we 
CUDH on deck again, to wnttih the tema dui'ting almut in tlir<ir swallow* 
like fitcihiou, luid Hwoirpiiig down to seiie a fish; and tlic iitnngs of sea- 
pyots whirring by, with their aou-let beaks and logs; :md thu sudden 
ehimmer and hiating of a part of the bloe plain, when) a shoal of tnackciel 


hkd eoBie In the purfori^ ; bqt wltaiv wa ve, now in the open Ailnntic, 
to f»m tko night t We reJinquiBbed the danUing of the Roaa of Mull ; 
w« lAiMtld liave Immoi contoit — more than conteat, for certain reasons * — 
to htr* {ml iiilof'iu^iE ; yre wcra bt^nning even to bavo iKuomiQiaiu 
tboQ^ta d Loch Bu,7. And ji^t «'u let tlie gold«u oit^ning draw on 
villi oompArnUrc rmignation ; mid wu wotchwl the colour gathering in 
tfat wvtt, *nd tlt« AtUatic (akiog lUrkOT hnee, and a ruddy tinge begin- 
aiag to leQ on tb« K>»n«d ridgw of Qiu-TOloeh anil tho i«lo of Bunt& 
mMa thi wind qiruDg up ngnin — it liiid Imcked to dno west, iuid we hnd 
to bentas^uut it wHb a Hcrks oflvng tncktt, bhnt took tui donn ^vilhin 
rig^I of Iiibiv and back to Mu1i iifipu'oiitly all for ROtbing — wa wern 
doqtl; eo^ienl in prophesying all tuimiicr of tJiuijin* to ho Achieved hy 
oM Asfm 8ulliertuu<l , on old friend of ours, though yet a ^oong man 

" Jtut taoej, air t " sayn our hoeteoe to the Laird — the I^iird, by th^^ 
'wmjf 6om not mem so enthuidjistie aa thn mt of n«, when h« bears that 
lUi b«ro of modeni days is about to join our [xartr. " Wliut ho hits don^ 
bgattaU that I ervt hoard fthoiit Scotch Vnirvnity students; nnd you 
know what Home of them hare done in the fara of diffictiltit-ii. His 
&lbcr is a minister tn some small placa in TianGUiire ; ])ei-hapH Iio baa 
90(UL a year at the oiiteide. This son of hia has not cost him n ferthiog, 
to€ iitber hia maintonancc or bi« mlucation, ainoD he whs foartooi ; be 
took Imiauiat, acholamhipe., I don't know what, whva he wa^ a mere 
lad ', mppoirml himiwlf and (ravellml all over Europe — bat I tliink it wu 
■A IWpHc and nl Vienna lie ntiidird lon^t ; find the pHpcra lie has 
vtittoi — tli« le«tur«8 — and the corrcepond^nco with all the fpt&i 
■lEiatiSii |Mojde— when they made him a Fellou', all hu mid wait, ' I wiati 
Bjr motbar wna alive.' " 

lliia wax ralhfif an incoherent and jntnbled account of a young man's 

**A Fellow of what 1" aays the Laixd. 

** A Fellow of the Ro^ Soinetjr I Thf|y made him a Fellow of the 
Bo)iU Society last year t And be id onlyseven-and'twenty ! Idobelieve 
be «nu nut urer one-iuid>twcnty when he took his decree at Edinburghi 
And then — and thcn^there ia really nothing that be doeen't know : ia 

Tta» autUlMi appoal oauses Hary Avon to Bush slightly ; Imt she taya 
deouinty, loukinft down — 

"Of ctninn I don't know anything that bo doesn't know." 

*' Unt I " kiyn Uie Laifl, who does not *i<eni over pleased. " I have 
ehnmd thai V'.>'mg men who am too brilliant at thi* lint, seldom come 
to Bior^ ■fterwanls. Kna be gnined anything nulMttniitial ! IfaA he a 
food |ir»eCifl* I Does be keep hi<i«rriage jet t" 

* * A )mti\h la yo«, auwlaai t—tti to Iha Lalnl. too . aad may you Un long and 
Sol alas, sla*! (boss Todn. Vs wsnalnyiataid.' 



" No, no t " nrs uor lic«t«ai^ with a fine eoDtampt for nicb things. 
" He lukH a bigber nmbttion tb&D that. ITn pTSctint is nlnimb nothing. 
Hft [tKftn to fcAcrificf thnt ia the tiiMiitiffi». But his reputation — 
among the sdantllio — why — why, it ii Kui-opeun ! " 

" Htn t " t»y» the Lairi, " I b«TO snmotimas swa (Jiat prrsnn" who 
gave theaniwlviH up to RrtKlrMion, lost Hio chiinetor of hnmiui beings 
altogetlier. Ti\«j hecotn<t KcicntiGe mncluucn. TIte world i» jiiat mode 
ap of bookit (or tbotn — and lecturer — Utay would not givf a bal^pennj to 
It bcggup for foor of fxtliMticnl foonomy " 

" Oh, how raiQ you my such b thing of Angos Sathflrhmd ! " nays 
•be — though he luts isaid no such thing of Angus SuthorhuiiL " Why, 
hera id tliia girl who goon to K<linburgfi — all by hcTM-lf^to nurw lui obi 
woman in her laat illncm ; nn«l a» Angu^ Sutlierlnnt) it tn K<linhuT^)i on 
somft btMaoov — connected with th« Umversity, I believe —I ask him to 
oOl on hw and mn* if he can j^tq hn* any advice. What docs he dot 
He stop0 in Edinburgh two months — editing thab scjciitific mafpumo 
there JnKtaad of in Ijondon—ntid all bocatue hfi hu tjikcn an interest 
in tha old woman, and thinkR that Miu-y should not have the whole 
rea{ioiiaibiIity on hnr ahoiihlore. Is thot likou scientific machine 1" 

"No," mya the Laird, with a oartain calm grandeur; "you do nob 
often Bod youn^ men doing that for the sake of an old woman." But of 
coitrec wc don't know wlmt he means. 

" And I am so glad he is ooming to us ! " says Bite, with rmi delight 
in bn- (see. " Wo nhnl] tnko liiin av«y from his microecopcs, and hit 
BOCoetJM, and nil thnt. Olt, and l»o i» inch n doligbtful oompanioii — so 
simple, and nattiml, :Hid slniighlfoi-ward '. Dou't }X)U Uiint nu, Mary 1 '* 

Mary Arou w midendood bo aHaeat : fitc doen not wy much — n!ic is 
BO deeply intereeteii in a oouplc of poqMHBee that nppear from timq to 
time on the smootJi plain of the sea. 

" I am sure a long holiday would do him a world of good," says tliis 
esi^r hoet'^cs ; " but that ia too muoh to expect. He fa atwxyH too busy. 
I liiink he hax got to go orer to Italy soon, about auum uxhtUtion of 
••iirgicnl iustnuaiuits, or lomotlung of that sort." 

We had plenty of further balk about Dr. Sutherhind, and of Ilia 
wondnful future that, lay before liim, tlint. evening before we finally put 
into Loch Uny. A ad thero we dined ; and after dinner we fotmd the 
wan, clear twilight filling tlie noithera boaTeuA, orer the black range of 
ntountaina, and tlirowtng a silver glare on the smooth sea ai-oand ug. 
We eould have read on deck at eleven at night — had that been neoa*- 
waxf ; bat Maiy Avon wan hummitig snatches oT songs to us, and tlie 
Lotnlwas diaooarBing of the woDderfiil infloonoo oxertcd on &cot«h 
lafldscnpe-nri by Toio (inlbraith. Tlien in the south the yellow moon 
'roM; and a golden lane of tight lay on the aea, from the bortton across 
to the wdo of thej-acht; and (here «'as a Btiange glory oti iht decks 
nod on the tall, smooth musts. The peace of that night ! — tho soft air, 
the silence, the dreamy hipping of the waber ! 


" And whatever lies before Angus Suth«'laad," Bays one of us — 
" whether a baronetcy, or a big fortune, or marriage with an Italian 
princess — he won't find anything better than sailing in the White Dove 
among the western islands." 

A Message. 

What fierce commotion is this that awakes us in the morning — what 
pandemonium broken looso of wild storm-souDds — with the stately White 
Dow, ordinarily the most sedate and gentle of her sex, apparently gone 
mad, and flinging herself about as if bent on somersaulte } When one 
clambers up the companion-way, clinging hard, and puts one's head out 
into the gale, behold I there is not a trace of land visible anywhere— 
nothing bat whirling clouds of mist and rain ; and mountain-masses of 
waves that toss the W7iite Dovn about as if she were a plaything ; and 
decks all running wet with the driven spray. John of Skye. clad from 
head to heel in black oilskins — and at one moment up in the clouds, the 
next moment descending into the great trough of the sea — hangs on to 
the rope that is twist«d round the tiller; and laughs a good-morning; 
and shakes the salt water from his shaggy eyebrows and beard. 

" Hallo ! John — where on earth have we got to 1 " 

" Ay, ay, sir," 

"I say WHERE ARE WE 1 " IE shouted, for the roai' of the rushing 
Atlantic is deafening. 

" 'Deed I not think we are far from Loch Buy," says John of Skye, 
grimly. " The wind is dead ahead of us — ay, shist dead ahead ! " 

" What made you come out against a head-wind then J " 

" When we cam' out," says John — picking his English, " the wind will 
be from the norse — ay, a fine light breeze from the norse. And will Mr, 

himself be for going on now 1 — it is a ferry bad sea for the leddies 

— a ferry coorse sea." 

But it appears that this conversation— bawled alnud — has been over- 
heard. There are voices from below. The skylight of the ladies' cabin 
is partly open, 

" Don't mind us," calls Mary Avon. " Go on by all means ! " 

The other voice calls — 

" Why can't you keep this fool of a boat stiaight} Ask him when 
we shall be into the Sound of lona." 

One might as well ask him when we shall be into the Sound of Jericho 
or Jerusalem. With half a gale of wind rigbtin our teetii, and with the 
heavy Atlantic swell running, we might labour here all day — and all 
the night too — without getting round the Boss of Mull. Thei« is 
nothing for it but to turn and run, that we may have our breakfast in 
peace. Let her away, then, you brave John of Skye J — slack ont ti* 



DWD-flliwt, uid gin l>er jiIcDty of it, too : then at the nine nomwC 
Sftud; from Inlny peroeiTOs that * haol at the veatlior topping-lift viU 
olear the boom from tie ilavitE; noi] uov — and now, good MsBtor Tni 
— our miicli-eaUwroeil xtxd «hifty Friedrich d'or — iryou will but lay bbe 
cloth on the tabic, wa will liclpyonto sUiulj Uioduum^'jiliaaUsiaagorU 
of platw nod forks 1 

" Dear mo ! " nya the 1 juni, vrlicti wo am asaeubleci togetlur, " it 
haA bwn nn nwful ni^ht ! " 

" Oil, I hope joii liftTo not Iwcn ill '. " a»y» his hostciw, wiUi a «|oick 
oonoeni in the aoft, clear ejva. 

He do«e not look a« if he hnd sufferod much. He U oonlcntodly 
chipping an egg ; and wiUuU kwpiug an eje on the thingH nvat him, for 
llw Wiitt Dow, still ]iliuigiuR i\ Kow\ deal, tJircatcae at lioies to make 
of eTMytbing uu t)io lalilu n movahlo fiM8t. 

"Oh, DO. ma'am, not ill," he saya. ** But at mjr time of lifo, ye an^ 
one t» not aa light in weight no one iiaed to he ; aiul the way I waa flntig 
ahont Id tliat cabin but night v*a j usi (>xtraordinarT. 'n'hm I vaa try- 
in;; to pnt on my hoote thla mominK, I am sore I rvficinblnl nottiing ao 
uncfa asft pea inn bU4der — imlwd it wui so — I wa* knocked aUmt like 
A pea in a bladder." 

OfoooTBcwe rxptvutHl f;n»vt KVDijmlhy, and aBsurod him thai the 
While Dnw—fAOioA. alt nkxig Uiis crwwt foi- Iiw tx>l)or and etcndy-going 
buhnTJour — would never act so any more. 

" liowerer," eaid ho tboiif;htf<iUy, " the wukcfulacee of thu ni^t is 
often of wsB t« people. Vi», I hare come to a drciidon." 

Wa 'vvTii somewhat akratwl : wm lio ^ing to leaTe in merdy 
becaiige of Uti« bit of to(u>ing t 

"I dan say ye know, ma'aoi," says lie slowly, "that I amoaflflf 
tbo Comoiiti&ioiii-TS of the Bun;h of Stratligorau. It ix a pa«eetiua of 
gnvD reapoDBibility. This vvr/ qnoition now — nJyxtt otir gettiug a 
steam Are-eugioe — liS4 bean weigtiiit|[ on my mind for many a day. 
Well, I have decided I vill no longm- op{>ose iL They may liaTo bbe 
sleem fini engine ns fur as I am ooneeruod." 
We felt greatly relieved. 

*' Yes," continued the Laird, solemnly, " I thiuk I am doing luy duly 
in this mattur as a public man should — luying aside \m persoiLal mv- 
judioe. Bat the cost of it! Do yo know that we shall wont Itiggor 
nocdeB to all tho fire-plugs I " 

Matt«r8 were looking grave again. 

" HoweTsr." aaid the I^rd cfaeetftiUy— for bo would not depton ua 
too miich, ■* it may all turn out for the beat; and T will (elagi-apb mjr 
deciaioa to HtrathgOTon aa noon as ever the storm allows us to rmcli a 

TIm> Btonii, iiid<«dl ^VHien we icmmhle up on deck again, we find 
thatitisoaJyabrnkaailiagbreezewehaveiand the H'JltfaiPoocia howling 
merrily along, flinging high the white spray from her bovs. And theti 

y Ubbmu 


«c bg^D to sea th*if Oeefito thoBO driviiig miBts arcntnil iis, tliorc is 
iwUjt a fine oloU' imiuiier dsy Hhiitmg fiira^ratlm tw-ojmitny-halfp^iiny 
tlMf«L Tlw whirting mute break beio and thorc ; and wn attcli 
gBmfmm at • fhad hliw sk/, fledtad -wtUi linea of iDOtionlcflR cirrliuR 
And. The brmbt inorcaso ; ilooils of stinslimo full on iha gleHming 
; dearer and Blcnrer become tbo vast prcci^Mccs of Boutliei-n M>il) ; 
aad Uiao, wban we get wall Ut Itut l«< o( EileaD-Gtnud-tiaii, behold I tho 
UaiiaeaearouDil OS noce more; and ilie blue »ltie» ovvrbeiul; and the 
rad todga flattering in the Botomer brc«xe. No wonder lltnt >tary 
Ama sin^ her delight — aa a linoert sings after the rain ; nnd Uiougli tlm 
tottg '» not Bkeaiit Tor lu u( all* but in ntUly bummctl bo herself tut she 
dingi on to the aluoads and wntehes tlic flnahing luid dipping of the 
wktto-vbgod g:nlls, we know tbnt it u itJI nbout ajoll; young wat^x- 
Maa. Tbe andocioiu crenture : Jobn of Skye hna n wife nnd four 

Too qaickly indood does tho fitir sumtuor dny go by — aa we poa Hit; 
oU Ctmnlar Donit and l>e^n to bmt np tlie Sound of Mull against a Sne 
tight eafling bretoe. By thu time we 1iiit« i«adied Aidtomlsh, the L^ird 
haa ac^tured noaio vagiu notion aa to bow tbe gaff topeail in »t. 
Opfunto tbe darfc-gnwn wooda of Funcray, be tclU na of tbe extm- 
erdiiHuy laetil^ pOMcased by Tom (ialbniith of niprcsGntin}; the texture 
nf fnliatrr At Salen we hare Master Fn^'s boU summoning us down 
lo tmdb ; and tbenaflar, oo deck, coffee, dnu^dtie, crolcbol, and a pro- 
ftiondly intcrattng description of eomo of tbo knotty p(»nta in tbe great 
Qemplo berei7 eaie. And bereagain, as w« bear away over nUnont to the 
noath of Loch Siinart, U tbe open Atlantic— of a faree^ grey umW lbs 
hnocMolottrBodsilvmr of the calm evening eky. Wimt i» Iha ua(^ of 
gatag t» ageinat this contmry wind, and nising, in the darkoeBB of tlio 
ai^t, all tba wondeta of the western iflland.1 that thel«ird is iuixioii» to 
aM t We rwolv« to run iato Tobenoory ; aad by and by we find our- 
■hrea sader the shadow of the wooded rocks, with tbe Hltle white town 
ilit««ig ahmg tbe acmiciiclo of the bay. And very clevCTly imleed does 
John oTSkye eat in amODH tlie various croft — showing off a little bit, 
{Mtriwpa — until tbe ffhite Dovt is brought up to the wind, and the great 
sacbor^ablfl goea ont with a roar. 

Vtnr it was by the nereat aacidont thai we got at Tobermory a tele- 
gran that had been (brwarded that vwj day to meet us ou our retnm 
TOjagB. Thera was no neod for any one to go aabore, for wo woi-o 
waanAf ia port bafitm a meet pmiseworthy gentlemau was »o kind iw to 
and us on IkmH a ooDaJgnmcnt of froeli flowerv, regebkblee, milk, eggs, 
aad ao forth— the raj things tfant becomeof inestimable raloe to yachting 
^■aniU. Howww, we bad two women on board; and ofoounie^^eBpitoa, 
certain Hmlagnd ankle — they tnust> neeils go sbo;*ping. And Mary 
Avon, when w« got ashore, wonM bny noie tobsooo for ber favourite 
OapUin John ; anil w«ot iato tbe pontoSice for that pnqiuae, and vu 
having tha blaok itoiTDMaaured out by the yard whoti some maalioQ 



WW innd« of the WAiU I/ovf. l^ten « qu«etioa wm ukcd ; there wm » 
telegmm ; il wafl lumdwl to Miss Avon, wLo c^nwl it and tvaA it. 

" Oil ! " Hoid alio. tookUii; ralher concemeii ; ttnd 1 ban ftbe nguidod 
her frioixl vitli wmo littlo lic«ibitioa, 

" It iM tn; uudfl,' »be asyii; " bo vanti to sea ma on rvrjr argent 
businoM. lie i* — coiniiLg — to see me^tbc ilajr uncr to-inomiw." 

Bluik oxwtornjuion follow«l this umoonceiucnt. Tkix person, em 
though bd wtti) Man,- Atod's M>l»8HrYiYiDj;relAtive,wu quite tntoIenUilft 
to w. Hunt Wijid «« bud cnlled bun tu Mcret, od tbe Tow ooowioafl oo 
which he h&d dBj-lceiiod our dooi-s. And jtutM we wert> making up our 
huppy fiiuiiljr jiartj- — witli the Laird, anil Maiy, and AagtiB Sotfacrland — 
to Bail ftWAv to tbe far Hebtidoa, hero vaa. tliia uksvflferable crcatnre — 
with htti raiuMuB votoe, hui wssbed-out eyic, blti eropped yeUow-wbite 
hair, bix BuporGiliaas tnaoDer, bia ball-dog face, and gDOcml groom or 
butler- tike ftp[tcareiiM>^ — tbrnsting bima^OD n« I 

"WtfU, yoa know, Mary," m>-s her faottee»—flntirely concealing h«r 
disDiajr in her aiuioiiD politoocM — "we ehall alnwatoortainly be home 
by tbe day after to-momw, if wn ^t any wind at alL 80 yoa bad 
better tdegraph to yonr iinole to coine 011 to Castle Og|)t«y, nad to watt 
for rou if you oro not there ; we cannot be much longer than that. And 
Angus SuUierland will be there ; he will keep bim coni[Muiy until we 

So that was done, and we went on board a;puji— one of its mcattwbile 
vowing to binuftir that ere enr Mr, Fk«derick Sin^lhnrst set will with at 
on heard tlie TFilUfe Dove, a rifle-biillet tliroiigh her hull would send that 
gallant voesel to tbe lobstoa. 

Now what do you think ottr Mary Avon ect to work to do-all 
diiriof! tiiifl Imiutirul liumnier evening, lui we sat on deck and tsytA 
curiously the other eraft in the bay, or wntchcd the iSrs grow dai'k fg^inwt 
the sUver-yellow twilight 1 WecouW not at fimt make out what ehewaa 
driviug aL Her occiipiition in the world, »o far as &he hnd any — Iwyooil 
l>eiiig the pleaitaiitodt of oompnttiniiK nod (ho faithfullcet of rriendti — wag 
the ]nLntin|r of landscapea In oil, not tbe coii^tniction of Frankenstein 
monsters. But hero ahe b^v>ff by declariug to ns tliat tliere is one type 
of cbnracter tbat has ni<vi>r bwn deeorihod by any Batirist., or drsotatist, 
or ficiiooiat — a common typr, iaa. tliough only boDomiu^ pranouacod in 
nu« instaneoa. It is tho moral TftrtulTo, she declarw — the person who 
is tliTough and through aliypocrile, not to cloak evil doingic, but only 
that his eager lovo of npprolmtion may be gratified. Look now liow thia 
oreature of dtemsed vanity, of plausihlc mannen, of prctDntiom humbug, 
rises out of thoHmokc like th(> %urc summoned by a wizard's wand I 
As abc giveA us tittle to\icbee hvrc and there of Uie ways of this profeeaor 
otlwtOtomit — this bundle of affectations — ve begin to prefer tbe most 
djnbolicnl villiiny Uiat any thousand of tbe really wicked Taiiufloi cmiid 
hare cosiuiiltod. He growsaod growB. IIJs Kra]is of Icai-uing, as loaof 
w tboas mora ignorant than hhuaelf are his audieots ; bis mock buntfllty.j 

V Aull 



■BXJooA for |W1UM) ; hwi p«rnil«of gcnerooa Aud spntnntioiH FOiitimoiit ; 
hi* iK tWftoo— jirrtguco— jiiftODOe— all arinag frotu du evil mucliiiutioiLi 
vImUtvct, LuI fruiB & morbid nod rcntloM cniving fur eiit««tu. Heoco, 
bornbfe riuduw 1 L«t (U jiut ont the oumUm and get to bed. 

Bui iKsit laoming, ns ve iiiid ounelvM out on tbo blue Atlantic 
vitli ]tQ-iu-<-iaul lightlioase left far beliind, aod tb« pal« tine of 
CJoti nt the twirizoD, we begin to me why the akiil and {ntient aniduitjr 
r lUa wuuUrur (wj'diolaKist idiQtild havD riiiaotl tliat ghost for as tfao 
tkijht hofora. Ilrr iincln is comiu^. Ho ia uot on« of lh« plausible kind. 
Aoil H it ahoald tw trnx^eury to invite hiin on Imairi], mtgbt wu not tlie 
norv raadU> tolorutv his o'sicftl hlimtncaa and nidotu:«e, oRev "wc hiivQ 
faMn langhl to ikbhor lui tlio katcrutlmc of iiidi-UiIh ihn wftll-mnuiing 
b;pocxit« whosB vHDitT makca his life a Imtidlvor wiiall Iie»t Vray 
G)»v«r iadMMl, Miaa Avon — vorj «lcvor. Btifc dun't yon mise nsiy more 
ghfato; thay are iinptL-sfisnt conijmny — even ok an Antidote. 

And DOW, John of Ukyc, if it mnst be that wo arc to encounter thiB 
|Mrttl«&t erMttum nt i)m> rad of our voj-Af;it, clap on all mil now, xud 
Ukm UB riglil ru^lly down through t1ifl«c far inlnuilg of lh« west. All 
do we noiknow Uiotu of old I 8oou us we got round ihu Cullcwh Point 
v« doKfy the nmrat of tbetn unid the looeUnesa of tho wide Atlantic 
■■. Fur there En Cuimburg, with hor spur of i-ock ; and Fladilii, long 
Had na^d, uid b*re ; and Luaga, with bcr pcnk ; nnd the Dutchiaau's 
(kp — K pdo hliie in the south. How brxvol}- the ttliiu Dowr swings on 
Iwr wKj — Biihugiitg like n bird orer the weatom swell I And as wc i^ 
fsKt Ku-TRMhniah, behohl ! another group of islnnda — Gomctni and the 
([mm-abomi Ulra, that guard tb« entrance to Loch Tua ; and Coloiiftay, 
tike haunt uf tlto sCk lards ; And tlie rock of Eris|l[Cir — all uliining in the 
inn. And then no hear a straugo Eouiid — dtfiVirent from the light rush 
nf tfao WBTIK — a low, and millun, and distant booming, such ns one faintly 
baani ia a sM-«hclL. Aa tlte ^'hiu fiov ploughs on her way, we come 
neararftiul nrttiwr to Llits womler oftht^ deep— the hhl>m] ftod faatantio 
tbocvB of Stab ; iind we see liow the great Atlantic rollers, making for 
tha clifla of (Jrihon and Bnrg, aro uught hy tboso outer rocks and torn 
tato auMiw cf wltite footu, and sent roorin]; and thundering into the 
UnditHBaof the cavee. Wc pass close by; tito nir trviuhW with the 
•faoek of that mi^ily enr^ ; thoro is a mit^t of Fi]it«y rising into the 
MimtD«r air. And thrn wo itall away ngaiu ; luul the day wears oo ae 
\km wluto-wingol WhiU Dort bounds o^iir the heary seaa; and Meuj 
X*on — aa we druw nmr tlio Ross of Mull, all glowing ia tlie golden 
pvodng — ia singing annnguf Ulro. 

Ifcit tbnrw ia no time for retikaoee, a» the ITlt/tf Doik (dmwing eight 
fcMr of water) nakoi in (or tho shallow harbour oubtido BnneMan. 

"Down funaail .' " uiUa out uur John of Skye; aiid l>y-iti)d.liy hf^r 

up to the wind, the great uainsail Dnpping in the brMnc. And 
afaiQ, " Down chub, lioyi I ^ and there ia another rattle and roar amid the 
■flaacB of thb auiilary Uttle hay. The herons csoak their fiight and fiy 


away on heary wing ; tbe curlewB whistle slmlly ; the Beft-pyoto irturr 
along the lonely ehores. And t^en our good Friedrich d'or Boanda his 
Bilrer-toned bell. 

The stillneos of Has summer evening on deck ; tiie gloiy deepening 
over the vide Atlantic ; the delightful laughter of the I^ird over Uioee 
" good ones " about Homeah ; the sympathetic glance of Mary Avon's 
soft black eyee : did we not value them all the more that ve knew we 
had BomethiDg for diSerent to look forward to t Even as we idled away 
the beautiful and lambent night, we had a vague consciousness that out 
enemy was stealthily drawing near. la a day or two at the most we 
should find the grim spectre of the East Wind in tiie rose-garden <tf 
Castle Osprey. 


TuERB were tvo li«nnc periods in the antiqiio life of Toeknd — the one 
trminent for itit action, the otli^r for it« iiitiilli^t. During tJte tenth c«n- 
tuiy tlioso magiiillceiit deeds were i)erform«I for which th» lliirUienlli 
ContiUT' found no loaa ma^ificent expr«aiuou iu Utoretiux- ; Uio timt 
without the second would have been forgotten, the socotid without '.ho 
first urould have bad no value or aignificaiiM. llraipe it follows that wa 
«][pcct th« Dohlcst Icelandic xiFTitin^ to Le that in vhitrh a. i>oet ofMhoiil 
1230 relHtv« the lulvt-ntunw of a vikiny of about 930; noraie wi'dis- 
K|:)[)oiaUnI. Acconling to the most exact ^cholnrahip, the Gnest wurka of 
ftn imaginative kind went prmliicvd bctwc-cn 12120 imil 1260, tho mgiui 
long Soaliug |ui>comi>iil in tttutiUoii i-octiivin^ th^n, from lianiU unknown 
to Ui!, that artistic and cjiic form in whi>ch thoy hnre couic down to ijh, 
as one of the wonders of the literary woild. Of the who!e body of Ice- 
hindic lit«mtiire, if wo Ket aside the m^'thical sngits luid the hiotonml 
writlngH of Soorri and Sturlo, tiic aljsolutc flower and gloiy contunt in 
four groftt MffM, carh doiling with the perssnol history of a noble 
family, and €f)ch exhibiting in iU pnrest fonn life in the Ici?1nndic Com 
inonw«aIth befon! the introtluctiou of Chridlianity. 'fliD longest of tht-Ho 
in Xjdla, the Story of Bimit NjAI, translated, in a version thnt Laa 
became clanical, by Sir George Daaent. The other three are unknown 
to EnRliiJi naderv ; thoy are the LaxJala fiaya, the ^<;iVa Sagn, and 
the Erh;iyjin Sofja. From the Laxdata Mr. MorriM has liorruwe.l tlio 
|»]ot of one of the noblisst jKifuis rjf our day, tin- '" Lovrr* of Otidrun," 
but th« other two n.-main aliKoKitvly uninterpi-et^id, and tbna BOinc of the 
finest literatiuv in the world reniainji to ns a scaled letter. The best 
Icelandic Hagu come closer to the lofty ideal of the Homeric epic than 
uiy other production, exc<^)t [>crhft|i3 tlie Ciiatuon Je IlvIa/iJ. Itl^a 
great error to HTippose tlial their chronicle character deprives them of any 
artistic sliapclioess, or that tlie incidents related in them are lootuely aet 
down. The work in built upon a rccogniMd plan, vrith tho most stately 
art. The ho-ro ik ititiodiiced after a fnll »c(!Outit of liis ancoitturs, find of 
the events whitli coloxired the fiitc of his fuinlly. Ke ftriivos on the 
•(fine at tho eriticfi-l mnrnpnt, w])ni thnt fate has to Im wound rip to a 
crisis ; thwt crisu is the «tory of Lis life — is, in othei- wortU, biit taija. In 
the hand of a master bis 6gur« never )>n.H»eH out of our sight, und in any 
one of the great Bagaa we detect at once tlie presjenco of a s}}iiriau» dmp- 
tex by its inartiatic irivlevanca. litit the plan upon which these worka 
were com|Mwed can, aftei- all, be bet>t nndet-atood by foUowinfr thoatory 
itaelf^ I propose, therofore, to give a brief analyiiia of one sagn, the 




sbory oTEg^l SludlHgriinMHiu, known u £fla, or Uie £i/iU Saga, hi tlid 
following pugen the story will be goiuukIv told, with ocvaaioiiaJ tninala- 
tion]i,TeTy Hlorally giTCn, to show something of tlie sfnritoi simplicitj of the 
origuial. Xlic £t/iU S<ya U ootistderctl to be tlio 4ld««t otthe foorgrMtt 
apio, and to have been written about 1330. Wo must r(>aMtin)>«r tiwt 
lodand at that EDOUGXit bdd thu forcaiost place in tlio world of Icttcns. 
Tbtt brief, lujtarioiu l>lo«»oin of poetiy in Provcnos &nd in Aiutria was 
witii«riug. Tb« bud of more vital pminisie in Italy and in Penda wax 
still uiibmkRii. For forty y^ani, at Icset, tbc lincst imaginative work in 
the world woa being produced in n reuioto tHlitnd dosu luiilcr tfai> Antic 
Circle. It is uuknovn who wrote the SifUt Haga. Dr. Godbnuid 
Tigfuasen, whoAa cot^toro mi tbcM tubjccts carries moro w<u[bt than 
the DflSBTtiou uf most obh«r umjd, boliovra that hn tnuwi in it tlio styls of 
Snorri Sturltuwii, whom the Stvrhtrtga dlslJoctly 8tnt«a to bare boen a 
writer of sagiui. Thui extroordinnry pononage, the greatart of loelnndic 
writQra, was atiout forty yonm of ngo nt tlio timo when our saga in 
believed to liavc been comjioecd, and tlin poliiJiod beauty of ita atyle 
favours th« sappoaitioti thut rt ia a work of Snorri's manhood. He 
was, moreover, (]e«ceDdi>d from Egi), throogh his mothci-, Oudny ; nml 
ill hta ^niiut, his biilUaat 1ifi>, und his triMOO death, ho i» hiinAclf ao 
chaiiidcriHlir a ty|)0 of UiP tiii'lnili-nt Icoliuidtc nol4«>-, that wo 1{k« to an* 
in luin tJiL- ituthor of the sa^g^ wliich », jtur rxteUence, Wxn poem of 
nrititoctsUA pcctenaiou, Iho l>7ical ai>ol«gy for and eulogy of uuNBtral 

Before we di)) into tho atorr, it may be added tltat many more or leaa 
complete fragmeots of this |>opiilar nga exist, and that ooe rtg o€ vcUom 
■eemi to belong to alxiiit the }-var 1240. The edition I have itsad in the 
fiillowing cpitoniv ia that piibIiKlicilntl{4.*ykj»vIk in 1 85G, edited fc^ Ginar 
Thordarwon, .Sii^iin af A<jli SkaUagvimaa^'x. Tho period omhraced by 
tlie creiitn dc»)cribcd id from aho«it &70 to S80, and closes with the intro- 
duction of Chi-istiAuity iuto ]oeI«uid. It should furthei- be I'^mai-hed that 
tho niimeroiis jioouib I'ubodJ^d iu tliu body of tho work hiv of a double 
oharactoT ; aomv uru »pario«H— that ia, lielong to the date of tho au^- 
writer; othoni, and tlieno tiio most important, am two hiindriKl yeata 
oUar, ars belinved to lie the nctuiJ compoaition of E|^l hbngclf. and ani 
conaidecvd by echolai-s to bo of the very highest iiterar}* uu<I )iluioIa^cal 
intoreat; they are not only full of periphrase!, hut arrougod in nnttrie 
form ao curiously, that tfai3>' arc hardly intelligible without a prose kej'. 
Tbe</ra/M», or lonj; poouu of pnii«>, are not quito «o ciTplic oa the im- 
piovised stavM in eight lines, wliirii arc (octretoely tliffieidt and odd in 
coDBtmcUon. It i» one of tlie dtnmgeet ptuzbii oonaectcd with this 
archaic litorature, that the heroic personages am r«pM*otitrd oa Lhtvwing 
olfin the heat of excitement little imptuYiwd ponns in a metrical form 
■Dore exacting than any known to modem poetiy. With tliem, at 
inspiration doea not Hxnn to have demanded sixes and (-islite, a»J Uv 
would have had no difficulty In puurii^ their |i*aHou and indignation 

THE "Edna SAGA." 


I tbe Uouto oTa rillnaolte. WitJi tboe intrwluotory remarks wc pro- 
CMd to the ctory itcelf. 

lliar* tirvil a idmi in "Sorw&y cai\eA Wolf. By hix niotlwr'H nUe ho 

vsM 'fw*™^** frmn the uiraeut chui of Iliiifniata. He wm n vci'v tall 

«imI i^n g grfu l miu], who hail spent his yootli in vLking aad in luurying, 

in ooainn; wiUi KaH, Mk bosom-friend, a pimte liks bitnaelf. They 

«cfl« boUi UiwrkH — that U to say, tboy voro &ubJDL-C to Gta of bcrtrrkt- 

ftmgr, violent nttacks of fiviixy in which ineu fuiuiu!)) at t)ie month, >iit 

Ukcir nfaidib, aixl were nlmoai im»;iitiV(lv!. At hist ihcy .settle*) down in 

Jforway, and Wolf nnuricd Kiiri'fl fair daughter Solbjiir^. He was n 

twy ptactial man of Im^inewi bqiI much retjieotad, but he liecstme fin<.t 

I «D suited, Uien so eJwi>r, at sundowu, that the pn^lo calltxl hiin V/wxi- 

Ivolf, aad tboopht that b« must be Aammm — that is, muat have the 

' uajpnJ ponrcr of duunpng his shape at nightfall. He had two sons, tlie 

eltlsr iwaiMl "niorolf, tL» jonnger Qrim. Th«y wore bath tall, capable 

r (jLb«r, bat whlla Tborolf wad hAndaonw, brt^t^ and love- 

,lJiJt. ' '• <tirk of complexion and moody. Tborolf went a-viking 

PB b» waa oh] enough, and. bis mothcr'gi brotbcn, GyA-ind and Olvir, 

Bt with him, nod tbtMO three booame fatit frienila. It waa a good time 

%m tikir^: llirv ^jwiit the minnur aa pirates on tho soiitJtoi-n seaa, 

{Wshlne th* ['mws of their lonjr ahipii far into fwtile «stimnc» and 

kaiviLi, aiul tboy fi-H«l«<il at home in Llio wiutin-. But Olvir felt iri love 

^wHh Earl AtJa'a daughUtr, Sulwig thv Fair, and ta lost nil taste for hm- 

at] fiJl to luakinit liivrtpotuiitt. 8<) Thur»lf and Eyrind w^^t to 

It him. Kow il was that HitraM FHirhiiir tiecaiiiu kin^, and 

wokU ral4 over all Norway. 'i'h« Ijc^ of Evcnwolf wnji a certain king 

Aiadl^HTD, who eallL>d upon huu to help him ngainsr Hamld. Bnt Ewn- 

wolf would not interfeip, anil Andljum wa.H overcome and slain. King 

Hanld thtti bald a (.•rent court at Throndhjem, whither Oivir wrt out to 

Jnin Um, and be(»ae th« king's poet. HiimM tlien HOot for Evouwolf 

I (o i«y him allegiamx, but the old man rrfuscd on tho scoro of iige, and 

'Oria hit Km also wnnid not go. Tb« king waji angry at thi>^ but OMr 

taetfed Uan, going hiunnlf lo fefli Rvenwolf, Inib in viiin. Hrmwolf is 

ben ri»Ovn bs aa the t,vi>o of the hvnxtitary aristocrat, whose indcpcnd- 

I tJitvataied by the unity of Norway, and who would rather die 

' |o iata exfle tlun pay sulminuoti tu Iho king. All tltis hnpiwucd in 

r, and wbwi Eyvini mid Thorolf T«turn«<l from vikint; njid 

I fpnt duuigea, tbi-y Mainod Kt'onwolf and (ii-im for tl»nr 

r, and Thorolf (K^goil bin father'it |«mitmioii to go la tlie court 

Ihjttm, and thtiher he and hut tmcie wont. 

Bdbre all this happeneil, thprvluid lived npat TorgBr,n«u'tbe Arotio 

?ifcl«, aa tdd man, with iba blood of tJu; giants ui btm, namcil Biurgiilf. 

I a wiiloww, with a grown-uj> sou, a mighty man named Bi-ynj-Mf. 

W a Ifsui at thtr bniisu <if one of his fnrmtmi iJio old man saw an fgi- 

'. named Hildiride, the dau|;hler of the man of tho 

>-i so taken with Iiot tbal ho hastily maniod hsr, and 



she htkd two sons by bim, named H&rek aail Hroerck. But the oM uuui 
MKin aftoi- dinl, and liia son Bryuj'ilf, in comitij; into tbe esUt«, drova 
Ilildirulo away as if hIiu bntl been a Hlavc-woman, for bo vtoa jenloui fiir 
bint own son lUrJ. Bo «bc ]iAti«ntly wont away to Leka bo hoi' fatber's 
boiisp, nod brouglit tip hn cbtMren thave. tbej grew to bo m^n. iutil m 
fliil tlirir oqtbrw Bilnl, who was of tlte tamo age na thuy. Aii>l van lUy 
wfasn B&rd was Rhooting in Uie north, he came to Saadncn, a honie OD 
tbo blant) of AlcJRt, nn*] tbei-e )m rbw Sigrul, wbo was the <biughtf<r anil 
beinn of Uie richest man in nil Ifilo^and, whoae nanio waa Kigiinl. Ho 
wooed her, and it was H^<ed that n<<zt Bumner thciy t-hould be 
married. That eanic Hnmiiicr King Ilurald insLtti-d on mcciving tbu 
bomaico of nil ibo nobles in H&Iogulnnd, luid &o Bdrd and hi« fatber 
Brynjuir weal iiji tO}^th(!r to Throndbjem. Tbn kin^ was pleased with 
tliein, madf) BryiuulT UmUmnii {Invlnnaifr), or goveinor of hu proriDce, 
and took U4rd into his retinue. Olvir was with th« king already; 
anil tbia wna tlie same atitumti tbat Eyvind adc) Tborolf came there. 
Bdnl became tbc friend of tb«M men, but moat of nil tb« donr ijieod of 
Tborolf, by wbom be ml in tlie king'ii conrL Next 9nrom«r Bird aakoil 
Irave of the king to go away to liia liome to be niarrietl, and Tborolf 
went witb hitii. When tbey arrived at Torgar, U>ey sent a mesaage to 
|irppare Sigiid for thtdr ooming, and prwently st-t out for SnaHncM, 
wtiere Itilnl And St^rid wcru marrivd. In tbv antamn tbry all vent 
south agftiti to the court, anil tlint winter Rrynjulf diotl. Biinl prayol 
llie king for le(i%-e to go home to gtit his iiLhmtiinoe; Hank) not oidy 
did tbia, but made bim l&ndamaa in liin father'H ix)Oiu. Ho Uard ruled 
in HlilogalnnH, biit no one tliougbt of Ilildiride'H iwna. 

But Kiug Ilarnld bourti tlint iburv were still men wbo rebelled 
a;^»inst hit) rule, so he gatliU'Od togctbcrr a gioat Seet and sailed from 
Throndiijom K>iitbw»r<l to cnmb tlie relwU. Tborolf went with him on 
bis own ahtp. and so did lUid, Olvtr, and Eyvind. Tbvy met the enoiny 
tn HufrRBrtl) in KogalanJ, and there was fou^t tbe grcntott of all King 
Itarold'A bHttlea Here was bardly any one unwoundnl, vxct-ft thoHo 
upon whom no iron would faita, naioely, the benwrlcH. Thorolfgot many 
- woundn, but H&nl mora, and Tborolf alowly ceoov<!red, but lUrd grew 
wone. Then, aa Hivd felt himsrJf dying, be prayfd that the kiug would 
oome to bia l-od-sidr ; and wb«n Iliurald cnmc, b« begged tbat, itA bo liad 
no son, Ilia duir fr»>ud Tliorolf «boiild bv ]us hoir, and tliiii the king 
prxNBiMd. Thm B^rd died, and was bouoiirably biincd and mudi 
lamontod. So in the autumn Tborolf went nortfa to jtOflseaB the beritago 
tliat prov«i1 bix bene ; but at flnt all went well, and the king made him 
lambtman in HAlogaland. At Totgar be iraa well cecdved by tbo kin»- 
man of Bird, and one evening be anfled over to Sandn(«s, wbeto lived 
Sigrid, tlic widow of B&td. Sbc greeted bim kindly, and be asked her In 
maniagfiof bor fntber Sigurd. Tito wedding waa tlie mostsideinlid fvor 
Be«D in those parta, and when, in the wint«r, Sigurd died, Tborolf inbcnt«d 
iui eMotca. But now came the nncke of BAnl, the sons of Ilildiride, and 

MB "E0I18 SAOA." 


^nSttUMibd UMtr ihuei of th« iolioriteiKO o( tbcir fatiierBjoi^gfiir; but 
V IVimlf uswend tliom tluit Uioy trere bastards. Tho mattor bung upon 
■ nice point of Honn law ; they assorted Ibat their moUier bad been 
teo^l witii munJr, tb&t u, Uie GxeJ »im Alvftyx piid by « bridegrooui, 
■ad tlut ah* wiu thornfnro the wiTe of Bjorgi'ilf; but Thorolf held tliat 
HQdiridtt woa hentuminn — carriea] away by forcn; in which ante no 
(btar* Mtvmony coitid m*ke her children legHUmat^. t>o the men went 
homo nmatisGod. Xow Thorolf grev a mighty man. He moda war 
Titli Ifce Fiimii and siil)(iu<yl tlii^ui, and carriod nvay a great booty of 
baava^alctns (or tin* kinj;, XIrtr<v>vcr ho had a long-ship built for him, 
*itb a dragoD'a bmd, and tliis hn Dlleid with cod, stock-fisli, BCalg, and 
Unla' cgga, and bronf;bt all this booty back to Bondooss. Tbcu (bu 
\iaf^ eaaa norUi to vinl hini, wilit ZOO men ; and ng Ouvre wm in Sanil- 
vam no ball great enough, Thorotf turned a huge bam into a foagtinj^-kall, 
■sd nude it cplendid witb shields and hangings. Bat vticn the lung 
■w kov rieli Thorolf was, and how many ratninoni he bad, bo turned 
rad tn tlw (are, and afh-r Jitaying only tlin^c nighta, he went away angry. 
Thm aobs of lUliiii-iilo inntetl liamld to vi&it tbeui while his envy 
VM still hot against Thinvlf; nod H:lrek, the elda'it, who hod a hitter 
tooftntr pDisawd tlio kiu^'a ear, and asked for ]Ti1o<^liuid for himself 
■ad his hrotltH*. Kow Thorf^ln, who was Thorolfa head m&n. came to 
Thracun^jem with the spoil of tli« Finnn, and the king conftentei] to l)0 
pfaai ed with the fine baaver-«kuis. Olvir itpoke kindly of Thorolf, and 
the king waa inclined to forget th« aliuidrr of thn nonn of Itildirido. 
Thai Lbe King of tlir Qtinins eal!e<l u])oii Tliorolf to help bini against a 
■amgv |i«opI« Darned in the ^ga Kyrjilor, who were destroying his 
luidi ; and Thoraif sailed to shore, and cra8se«l the mountains aftvr 
Amb noauub, who seoin to have lived in Swedish LaplumI, and imtirely 
taujatttd th*m, hringinf; back qreat >]>oil9 of Ixuiverfikins. Whcm ha 
ama bark bis pe&ple told him of the pIo« made by the bhis of Hildi* 
Mt, and of the su^icion of Um king, aad be wa» sorrowful, for he loved 
tbslciiig. However, the sonH of Hildiridecontinned to hoj^kbite liim, and 
at last la detormbed to [iq up to Tbrondhjem to see King Ilanild. But 
fell ttiad Olvir mot him, and warned him that tiiO king's hoort wna 
dhaagnl towards him ; yet be persisted, and, slnnding up in the nonrt, 
fat) spoke out and told the tmdi to Handd. The king d»iii«tl him to 
gin; np bis govcrnondijp, and come baek to live at court ; but he, looking 
round on tba boily of bis tntainem, K»rafu)ly refused, and went home 
la bscte. Hehad luirdly loA Throndlijcju before the king ontlawoj him, 
am) pin his plaeo to Um sons of Uildiridv, Moding a mtwsago to that 
aflkct to Thorolf. 

But Thorolf was himself almoit n king, and dcGcd Hanld'a misnou 
lb eontinoed to enr^b himself in many waya He Ctted out a great 
vritb blun and rvd rtripea on lbe sails, and sent Tborgila 
England. She was laden «-)tb stodc-iisb ami ermine. 
t ivtnnwd wjUi a corgo 

rhoat, honey, wine, 

TOb. iL.— sa 336. 


niB "BQII£ SAOA." 

tauaoit. H&rok, tiio Ub oC HHdirido, told all Uiu to Uio kinK. and 
it angored him •xtnoaly. Then •wont two mim with tlu- king nt 
thiLt tinii<, broUun, lud of thu rojriU rare ; Lhey went powerful and 
(■Icilfiil men, bat much hatMl for tliojr Tiolmoo; thoir nnnufl ««« 
•Sigtrygg wul Ilullvaril. To thniii tliu kin^r iIi>|itiU-<l the task of ^>'iDg 
»rter TborolTa gEeati%liip, anil tf [losaiMo, of ca|>tuniig her. They foand 
her OB her Mcond Toyoge frotn Kn^laud la a luvoti of South Norway, 
Fvll njion tho crew suddoolj, And soiled awiiy with their jirize to King 
irorald, Gut Thor^ila nud tlic crow went iiwny tmd coiuplaincd tt) 
Thorolfe f:tUii^, Evviiwoif, who frnvt* tliwii kiuiiII ooiafort> and Lodo 
Thotigitx iii-gc Thoi-olf to liAVt* tlie htait Itui Thurulf took itte Ium 
with Aoomiog iiidiiTcrduce, aud stajvd »t home in i$ftnd&«aii all tlul 
winter. Mexl Bpriog he went A-riking on the coa«t of DoRiDArk, )int 
gfA llUle Hpoil until tlie aiiititna, when on tlie coaHt of Swnlcu he caii^fht 
oue of Kit^ Hantld'a mcrchAnt-shipe, Jaden vrith m%lt, wheitt, and honojr. 
Having capiitml thin ahip, he sailed up to the house of Sigtrrgg and 
liallvord, at the mouth of tho (totn IUvdi*, and burjiod it, bowing otT 
at tho sanw tintA tJio hiwd of tlicir yotin^ brother Tlior^rr. ^'lUi 
aiioUiKT |irixe, n^rt>at.i«)ii|iliiil(ii with meal, be madehus way to his father 
K^'enwolf asd his hivthui' Onu. E\-vnwo]f ]>ro]>he8ied that he ahoald 
aee lux aaa no more, and tJien Iborolf auled again, and came home to 
Sandnrex. When Ilnllvard and Siflt»y(jK told tho king what niiscUicf 
'J'I>on>If had done thoin, the king wiimtid tiieta Hmt they w^rc not bin 
muLch, hut ^nve thum leav-e to kill hiiu if they could. So lliey gathinvd 
togvth«r two hiuidi^d men and oailvd with two ^hiIl4 out of the Ijuvd ; 
hut tho wind Llow from tho north-oaat, nnd they lundo hut Uttio w«y. 
Butlviug Ifaiald was not content that the glory of killing: Thurolf should 
Tunl on Si^tty^ and Eallvard ; ao in great haate ho had fotir ahi^js Uiude 
rMvdy, and with all Iii£ court, four hundred men, he croaeied tlie fjord, and 
took Hhi|> ngaiti further norUi. Ho Iiw) now six shipa, nud they i-unc^l day 
and Jiight, for it wa« the season of the midnight sun. On« «vciui)g they 
esni' to t^ilu'^ and there lay a gruat iditii in Uie oAuig, for lliorolf 
bod dctunniucd io leave Norway. Thv king'a loca went uji quietly aud 
■.uiTOUudad the house, and no on« knew tt Ihia, for they nil aat drinking. 
Then tlie king'a mm Hhonted thnir war^rrj', ami TliorolPs |NW{i1e niatchod 
thvir anns down, ciicli from the wall abo\-e him. Tlien tlu* king scot 
one to aliout at the door, that all wonito, cliildi^u, and old [i«o[ile, ser- 
vant*, and bondmen, ahould go out. tSo Sigrid went ont^ and all tfan 
rat behind lier, and tJio asked if hor huahand'a unclc« were thoni willi 
Uio king, aud thoy (taid jts. 8be bid them iK-g the king for [kbco, and 
Olvir did HO ; hut Tliorolf would not Ami|il the king's mrtcy. 

" So th« king crioJ, * Set tiro to th« hall ; 1 will not ■*--A»tx oty ut«i, 
and light with him oiitHidiv I think that Thonjif rnay du nA great itann 
if hv comw oitt, though hf faa& fewer folk Uuui we.' There woa liro 
hud to tlie hidl, and II eaught swiftly, for that the timW wn« dry and 
the walla wen* |>ilcht.-d, and tL« roof waa thatched alx>ut with had:. 

VthM I 

Thorolf tedR bn tnoi liiuUr np tlin pUnlw oT tlio vMtiM<cit, and aeize ' 
gftUo-launi, uid BO liraLk tlimiiijli Uti< jNutitiuu-walU ; niid u Boon as 
Ikey got ' ' • fceAm-o, as uasy tiiua na coiild t()ok each u Warn nnd 

ihnwt til' I oCit into cbooontfim HO ItaMl th«t tlw bolts flow out 

and tlks vails (ell aiundcr, so tliat tliere vu it great pruva^ mado. 
f wwt tbo tint m*n tbat wciit out, tlieu uext Tlioi^s OJAlUndi, 
€>tkr after aiioUier. TIiod l«ogaii tJin hanlort. figbt, so tJiat Uiei-p 
■bout an botir while their atrvngtli teemed even, for the ball •vua 
thfvB lo fcaek tlicin. Tti« kin^ Ivst many men, Wt tJte hall began to 
hanL llnD tbo fin foimd tliem out Man; fell ckad o{ Uiat Then 
Tbonlf laa{KK] furwant atnl lipwnl on cUlioi- Iiond. UtUo it sun'eii to 
hiBtl tb» wounds af tliowt mem DtAt bo fitnick. Ho ftoiight, then, to ueo 
'<«b>- ij(;'>i Mark (the Stamlinl) wii«, niiil in thiit mometit fell 

Tbui„... j.....^rlt. Anil vrlii^n 'lliorolf n-acIic<L Ike wall of fiLt«l(!a, ho 
iwos] tfae BtaD'tanl-Uiarer tbroiigb, finil cried. ' Mow onme I short by 
Itmc fn-t ! ' Tlicn wta lie ma iJirough wich »«-oiil and uprar, and thu 
kiu hiiBKlf it waa vrlio f^vo him his dcittti-wouuil, and Thorolf Celt 
trvartla ornr ihn king"* frniL Theu tbe king called out aud l«dv tlint 
should ce»ie to ^tiiy mm, uud bo it wnx done. Then tlio king let 

iM OMRl go dnmi to till.' Ahipo." 

ThiB aatHai oC tbo tklaiii tiuiti NtAyad at Sandni'f k, to coiiifoirt Sigiid and 
{•■ o't th(- botue in order ; Imt Uioy waru angry in their h«arte, and aakod 
i littw to qnil hia court and BRtTi«>. TbU Himld would not 
I , Kyvind he tuld to marry Sigrid and acttlo at Sandnms ; but be 
grrt ftH witli Olrir boeaiifio (xT liin groat giAa as a poet. 31«an- 
whi' '!r*'iii^, Tliorolf'H frivnd, wua «omtng to his hol|>, whcoi be 

hok: <1 iMpfxncd ', so lie toruod aaido to Torgar, vhete the was 

btli •■rt, and slew tb«ui botli, nod tbca nailed over to Ic«land. 

N\ lUi UiL< muntn- of Tliorolf, tin* tiitrodiirUou to tbe Saga clones. 
Tlwiculf w*a the uuly lUGuiLcr of hix r^iiiily who acknowledged the 
aatfaority i4 Kin^ UanUd, and bin untimt^Iy end juatUUHl tho Btt>;|)ifiionf* 
f/ Ilia fallM-r and liia liratlior. Frcnn tliiii jioint the hott»c of Kvcn- 
>i«ilf ia uuit**] in bntiag tbn royal tuuily, and in rojcctin^ ite prcteosious ; 
vUfe tha thiimr of the Suga fruin thi^ tlnit* f-irtli bccutrnti tho n^veiige 
wbidi the untniin] Ul)l>l(^a look upon tfav king, tirim, T1)0tX)If 'h lirotlicr 
irth oUled SkaUagriu, i>r Qrim tho Bald— had by this tjmo 
narr^icl Bcra, tlw duu^fbter of a rteJi lanihrnian, namwl Yng^ar. The 
nmn aiwit rwtched thfni i.f Tliorolf'ii death, and Kvtmwolf, who was 
tiry (di) ' ' >k to hia iinl Olvir t<wk oceefiton next >uin- 

law to i:._- - —..)i that, by tlio law, tbcro was r«coiui>«iis« dun 

to Ennvoir for bia aott's nuirder; oud tbe king tbei«foro Mat Otrii' 

nriaa aa ij< *' '"<* dcQiaods. But tJiO Sivngcold mun 

rt up i1m- hia la;^ nor vojuld Oritn go to tho 

iau ■ OT, OKir jirrBiiadcd tho younger man to 

1 k (o«>k tw/ilro mwi-»t'(»nn*, wvoml of whom 

aut eoutd not be wounded by iron, fyr he did not oowccal 



his «usj>icu>n of the king. They vera lik« giuito, uid Grim wu 
tallfiBt of Utem »U. Uc marcbed DotsUy into court «itb tLU following, 
atld when ihe kiiig asked Iiim if be wotibl lie bts man, answcsvd " No 1 ' 
80 loudlr, Uiiit Ilftnild liecsmc bkiod-ivd in Uin face Tlim Olvjr bent 
ovAr to (Jrim and bodo lum be gone ; nsd he went out : wktreapon Olvir 
hurried dovn to the liarbour and disabled tbe king's iihips not too «xm, 
for tltB king decrood Grin's outlawty, and bade bis Ben-aat« foUoir bim 
swtftlj and slay bim. But this was euoogh for Grim, and in tlto »rly 
iprin^ GTeowolf and he wt ont with twu great Bht|>« containing all that 
familioB mid their guods, nnd aaikd for Icelaud. But they atuved avr| 
whea thoy came to tha Solundir IsUods, at the moatti of tlio 
^rd, and there a happy adventure berell them ; for (luttnnn, Horald'a 
UQcle, being dead, the king tent bi» couaina Hallrard aad Sigtrygj; aaatii 
to the town of Tonaberg, to wt Oattonn's bou*» in order; aad, od their 
return, an tbcy wore leisurely ciwinnj; the Sogno Fjord ono OTtsung, 
Ereawolf and Skftllagrim foil upon them, boanlisl thoir TMHk, and 
while the latter slew Slgtry^, old Rvcnwolf ^lit llic helmet and bead 
of llallvanl. Mniiy uf tlio king's men leaped overboard, but were slaio. 
The victont net a few prii^nora on land for the king's iaformntinn, loaded 
the captured ship with wealth, and then sailed out of Ilic Qord. Aa 
soon &i the excitement of tbe Wltlc vos over, Evenwolf took to hia bed 
again. Tbcy then sut Ux'ir prows for tbo wcRt, nnd suldil over the 
North Sea to loulund. it wiis abuiit Llie year 900 that this bap[ 
and about a quarter of a. century later Uiim the Gtat exodua of Noi-< 
nobles under Icgolf. The Commonwealth of Iceland was now ab-eady 
settled nnder Thorolf, the &nst pontiff, and the annual Farliamont, the 
Heijar Thing, wax instituled. If othing that Xtmild could do served to 
prevent the best and proudest blood of Norway from aeeking volontary 
ttxiio. On tbft voyngo not Evenvolf dto^l, and at his own deuro was 
thrown into tJie tea, in a chej.t, wliich van dri\'en aaliore, jiut as tho 
oolamss of Thorolf'ti Templo of Thor hai] been drivvn ashore, in Faxa- 
firtb, on the wusli>m cixisl of Iceland Skallagrim birnlod at a place called 
KnunrDOU, a gri'at promontory' nmning into the aea, and Svenwolf'a 
body came to Hburo a little higher up the bay ; ao bum they built their 
gettlement, and ealted it Borg. Ihe wholo peninsula bt^woen Borgar- 
firtli and PaxaCiih wan token by Skallagrim, and Iio »]>mt a long tJmo 
in ex|>loring il and marking hia b«nindarii>a. It wtm rit-li m.\r8h-]nnd, 
with thick wood» bctwocn it and the roonntaius. There i^ no wood, of 
course, iu this or any part of Iceland nov. To the south i-on a lur^gD 
atream. the \V1iito Etivm'. Skallsgi-im built nuutliur hoUEe at tbe month 
of HurgiirlirtJi, st AI|'tiuio=B. So few men Imd «omc that way bcfon*, 
tiint Uto whaicA cxLun up the firth, and had no fear; tbervvw nodi 
salmon in »U the sbroamB. By-wnd-by Yugvur, the father-tn-law of 
SbaUagriro, caiau out to ]c«hutd to be rid of the king, and to hiuk 
SkiiUagrim |^^e the bouse at Alptanen to livu in. Skallagrim wan a 
cunning smith, and smidted much iron in the wint«r. llo found, how- 




tfiU lu» iDAD oould find no etone hard enough for an nnrjl ; to oho 
oi^t, wbua nil wcro gooe to bed, be rovrcd out into the middlu of the 
§tih, aockoml aguiiut un Ulal, oDtl div«(l, brioging up in liiu unas a 
fmU Mlaop, vhirh Iin put ia tlio Imat. Tlirn he rovrod to land and laid 
llif «toa« nt- tliv MtiiUif-door, and tlut tttonc wns still st Borff bro Imn- 
ted jean anenranlx, when the Siigu u-ns written. All Bkallagrim'M 
cfaildnm ditxl i tlii-n ho bad Thorolf, a hod, tJ>en two diinglit^^'iT . 
Ssti&n tad Tlioruun. and tbcn n son, KgU, Ui» in>rf* at this Hogn. TIiib 
tut cUliI WM dork and rough, liko his &t]ier; hub from bahjliood he 
vM extmaeljr Urge sik) [vvdrful. Before be was (bur yenra old ha bad 
bvgim to rarphM vtery one by improvising staves of poetrv, two of which 
an givm in the Sn^ 

]t it noT oectoarj to toll as briody as iraeeible a jiicturMque episode 
vhieh iatemi)it^ tba prti greM of the stoty. In Korwa;, a little nftin* 
EkaUifriiB left tbo cxmntry, a spirited young Tiking. named Bjiim, hod 
(ordlily eairictl ulT, a^inst tlic oonsoat, first of bcr bix>ther Xboi-ir, and 
thm of brr father Kn-njolf, a doUb maldou oataed Tliora ; for t)us ha 
bad to Uhv« the conntf>'i and he aet huI fur Dublin, but vna cut upon 
Uta Sli«tlaivl lales. To cony off a womnn in this way wan considered a. 
fiml cnEDS; and ibo king not only outlaw*^, hut wnt men aftfr liiiii to 
ulilin to abty him. Ilawever be bad stayed, as we bare natd, »l Bbot- 
ilud, and thera majriM Thora. liut tieorin^ what the king bad done, 
W tboagbi it bast to auil nvriiy to Iceland, which wna at that time a OaTe 
«f Adullam lo all outlawed pervons. AooordiuglyheaailodiDto Faxalirth, 
and bjr att acddcnt mn tnu> Borg, whont Sknllagrim, who had not hcnnl 
oChia adveotnm, recfivcd Itim warmly. Tlie ffaeats stayed thcro n]l the 

', aad Tbtnoir, Skalla^'ntD's eldest wd, became thoroiighJj deTot«d 
UowevBT, in the autumn abips came from Norway, and the 
■unit leaked out. Skallagrim vaa exceearcly angry and would have 
tttraad ttjiim and Tlinm out of bis liouao, aj outlnwn ; but Tliorolf per- 
idnt bim do for^iie the dccuit. MoreoTrr, Thorolf 8ug^ti?d that his 
ttUUT, who wad aa intintatc frHud uf the injured brother, Tborir, Hhotild 
ami m mtmtga </ iwace to Norway, wbicb be did, Bjora all the whilo 
rrwMJning hb mteat at Borg. Altog«tb<rr Uio Htnu^ers ttoyed tlu«o 
vJaCss wi' ' dau^ter was horu io Thora, named AjKgcrdii. 

Wfamat I , mined logobaob to Nurwny, Iiia Uttte daiigbUv 

nnainfd at Uor-^, but Thorolf, who was now grown a man, got leave 
ftneo bb Uthrr to go with Uji^m. Thry wt-re kindly rtwivcd in Norway, 
oad they liviil nwhile willi TboraV fatlifr Biyiyolf. 

Kext »uiuturT Itjiini and Thorolf yeui ^'illIng in the Bidtic. Erik, 
aAmard'a King Krik Bloodnxe, K-iug Hamld'ti (aTourito iton, was 
Mag bfnvgbt up by Thorir, HjSra'a brotbor-in-taw. The (Henda hap- 
pcaftl ' ' •!. vi«it to Tborir, when Thorolf «aw the )ioy Eiik g&Kiog 
iaogi' I ihip, »o be made a ((ifl of it to hiin, and won the king's 

■B«i'« l:itt. Hiorolf WM doubtful wbetber the king would let 

ji^^ .. . ivay, but Erik made poaoo for him ; and fgr nuuiy yauf 


Thorolf and Ejijm went a>vi]cing every Biunmcr, and spent the winter in 
Norway with Biynjolf or with Thorir. Harold wna now hecome veiy 
old, and Ei-ik Bloodaxe wag nindc regent in his place, and showed much 
favour to Thorolf. 

Meanwhile in Iceland Egil was growing up, a child in every way 
puzzling and ombarra-ssing, even in soi-udo a condition of society. They 
were fond of athletic sporte at Boi-g, and in jiarticular of tlie game of knatt- 
kilr, a sort of hat, trap, and ball, wliicb was a great favourite wth the 
old Scandina^'ians. Hkallagrim still i)]aycd it better than any one else, 
although lie was now getting old. One winter, when tlierc was ice upon 
the "Wliito lliver, there was a giciit assemblage to play Inalth'ih; and 
a young man namc<l Thoi-d, a favouiite clansman of Skallagrim's, took 
little Egil, wlio was in his scvcnih year, to see the siiort. While the 
men were i)Iaying, Egil got up a game with a big boy of eleven, called 
Grim, who beat him atJt, In a i)assion Egil took up tho trap and 
struck his playfellow with it, but got a sound beating in return. He 
then walked up to his friond Thonl, and borrowed his skegijja, the little 
halberd that men liabitually wore. He then ran back to the place where 
tho boys were still plaj-ing, and buried the weapon so deep in Grim'a 
brain, that he could not pull it out again, and the lad fell dead. Thord 
took Egil home, and his father said nothing about the event, except to 
pay the blootl-money to Grim's clan, but Bera, his mother, prophesied 
that Egil would l>c a great viking as soon as he was old enough to have 
a wai'-ship. And the child, overhearing it, sang this stave : — 

This mcanetb, my mother, 

That for me must bo bought 

A fley and fail oars : 

That I may fare around with Tikings, 

Stand high up in the stern, 

Steer precious ships, 

Hold at Inst to havco?, 

Hew dgva men and strangers. 

When Egil was twelve years old, ho was ali-eady as tall and strong as 
mmiy men, and he was trained in all manly accomplishments by his 
friend Thord, with whom he was used to challenge his father Skallagrim to 
friendly combat. And bereujwnrestsa most curious story. Thewinterthat 
Egil completed his twelfth year ho and Thord were playing knattttikr 
with Skallagiim, who became tired, and was being beat«n. But when 
the sun went down, things took, as the Saga says, " a worse turn for 
^Thord and Egil," for Skallagrim's berserk fury came upon him, and he 
lifted Thord up into the aii-, and threw him down with so much violence 
that he died. Then he turned on Egil. 

" But Thorgard Brik, who was one of Skallagrim's bondwomen and 
had been Egil's foster-mother, waa very tall, as strong as a man, and 
decfily skiUed in the art of witchcraft. She cried out : ' Art thou mad, 
Skallaaxiial ■gainst thy son 1 ' Bkallagrim then let I^ loose, and 



graped *ftn- ber. Sbp broko awbj tmui bim, nml mn tlovn, and 8knIlR- 
ftita »ft*r Iier. So th*)- wait Jown to thn v*ry ontword point of Di- 
pmuoBt TlM-n hIw W|(ri] dfT thr cUfT into the Mci. Skallagrim cast 
«Av hftrn groUHtoui'^ (Mil smote Iier between thRBlH>iildctD,nnd elienorer 
me •puBi Tk«t BeR Ih ouw iiiUed Brdkarsuad. Aq<1 then in tbe evBn< 
ing, wImo 11 ' ' "ino to Bortt, Egtl was them alrendy. SkaHAgi-iiu 

mt «t tabU- . I < olbcr lueii. Bui Kgil vnui not lu biii jjIuca. Ho 

«aaA ovt Into iho tin>-hoii^ (kitolion) anil to r inftti wbo was ths uver- 
»ar and ntoncj-tKker of SkalUgrini, uid of wliom bo was mosb fond. 
^1^ Hrudc bim a. JcaIL-Uow, &lid tbeu wcqI bnolc to bia Mai. 8k»llft- 
pin add oolbiug Kboul tlits. tuid QO liarin cauio uf it." 

Ilw mnocont rewbr mnti not ima^nc that E^l itvcognl bis fostcr- 
Hoclwr; it WW Tliunl'e tloatb tbnt deuittndol A sMn&se. But Ibtx wu 
a T«y tumble child of twelve jreora old ; andwcnrp i>iv»ontl,v ftsxitrcd 
thai nu onr ranld miistcr Iiini, not uvon, ns ittdrcd wo bnvo HLvn, bia 

Dct Tlioroir, RgilV oUlost brotlior, Utgnn to ]>inc fur bomo, and back 
to loJaoil be eoine, bringing rrom King Erik a ttplcndid axe na a giJl to 
SbdUgrim. Diit th<> old noble Be»med tbe gifts of kings, and be bung 
Ilw asp up in bis cliimnoy, till it was black witb smoke. 'While Tliotolf 
w«* in Icvlaad, tiw fiunoiui Kc4il III imd came out, and aAer epcndin^ a 
wifttMV with SknllaifHm, took bind and scttJed al TliraadiirhoU. Then 
b ynw w of ttmP Tborolf irtumMl to Norway, taking with liiui to her 
pucftUi A«(;«rde, now ^(town a wim and loT«ly woman. Mlica bo euso 
aoEt tioBB bo Twland, Egil miw a fierce, nnruly lioy, lut big m* A man. He 
■otnatal and tonnmtud Tlioralf to takn him liork with him to Norwiiy, 
Mid wbtn Tbarolf rrfumnl, K;^! w<?Qt dAwn ono stonny night to the 
•DciMnigc^ and looard hiji brotlifr'K nhip, ito thnt it drifted out to sea and 
wAa thtOmi on *bnni a long way ofll Hat by dcf^n Thorolf became 
rnwy ftmd of bin youn^ brother, and »t last coiuented to take bim ova 
I Vonnj. Tbey foand Itrynjolf dead, and \a» aon Tburd waa lands- 
BfSm nnd Tborir rvcoiTed Item with j;if(it iificclion, 

I tbe wanticA ^iondship with Tlmrir't »>n, Arin- 

IjSrn^ a Ud (if bU own ai^e. It van now agrrcd tbub Thorolf should 
aaiTT' ti* l<>antiful A^nonlo, and a ip-and woddtn^ was prcjiarod. ]}ut 
w^MD all wm ataftini; Tor it, Kgil wm tak«n ill, luid eonhl nut go. He 
»<» p>^ ' fur want of U-ltflr tjcmpiitiiin. went off on an excni^ 

•i«o wiii r -i UiilifT, wiioM' uJimi' wn« OWir. 'fhcy »iu-bed in a 

•kip, and £gil wui annrd likp a warrinr, witb Hwurd, lanoR, and nbiold. 
Thi7 werr drimi lir etjnw of wnatlKT to an i&land called AtJey, where 
Itfvd A man naeiDd lUrd, who t-ntortnincd them hovpitablv, btit not m 
lib uvu boyae. ftliJIo ihoiy woodurad at tbtK, tbcro came to Atl(.'y a 
fnai orowd of )irai>l«, and they anw Kinf; Erik nnd his (Jiutcn (iuntihitdo, 
vltbai) Ibvir court, ontvr Iba hmiw of BArd. The Icing bearing tiint 
»f "" ' iimn wrrr thirc, Imdc OWit nnd K)iil bt'willid; nnd 
uf all? vrcjit round, and every uati uiunt ciu|>ty bis 


THE •' Bans 8A0A." 

bom. Kgil ilruok so much tLat «U notified it, 4ad »i Inat Qiteoa Ounn- 
liiJde^ in malun, bads the boat to pat poiwn in tli« faoro, and tbia warn 
Hoae. But Exi), vbo wu sboating insolent etaves agaiiut lUrd, took 
the ItoTD when it vas giireo to liim, mai wotindiog htiBMlf in tbe buid, 
wrote Tuam in liis Uood opon tbe born, so tlmt it broke in two, and 
ibe poineed ale flowed down into tbe straw upon tbe 0oor. 1!1i(td bo rone 
io a ng» and slew Bird b«fi»o thft kiof; and qoeeo, nod rtubed into tbe 
nigbt. He swum to a Deightxturiog Island, and nfter man^ wild adi'en- 
turrs got wfo buck to Tborir. Scxi (tummcr Tborolf nnd Egil went 
n-Titiiiij in tbe Bnitic, and invaded Coarlnnd. Tbc^r tnade a raid opoa 
nil inland village, but while tbev were burning it, Egil and bia lnxi|ifl 
divided fmm tbe r«et and, puabing into the woods, wetelosL IbenatirMi 
surrounded tbem, and thej were ubiigixl lo eumodcn-. Tbpy were jost 
about to bo abun, when it wae dt'ddod to keep (hem olive untiJ tbe morn- 
ing, and they were bound to tlie poate ofa bOTUc. In tbe d^b of tbe 
night, Egil, by dint of abeot- strength, got frep, and loosed bix oomrades, 
Tlie>' found aome Daniab men, wbo bad been impriiioDed Lite aimunor 
bebro, and tbey, being Mt Grot, showed the Korwntra where the weak 
points of the hooso w<are, and how the Oooriandnn rtored tlnir ricbn. 
Uftviiig robbed tbeir oaptoit th^ then made for the eea, but first IJgil 
with bis own hands fired the hoiuc and kilted all tbe ebief men in their 
feaating-ball. They then sailed away for r>emDark, where Ilarald Blue- 
tooth tlien woa king, and hearing of tbe wealth of the city of Land, tboy 
hnded in the Sound, and marched up the country, plundered Luud and. 
burned it, and then rotun»d to thtdr ships. Hej proctodcd op the Oatto* 
gat, 4nd paid a Mondly ^-itfil to Eurl Arfinn in UalUnd, wboao &ir 
daoj^ter proved to be Egil's rival in lbs art of improvisation, and bum 
wboae house tbey all rotuntcd with grCMt booty to Tliurir. It was now 
d<dr«ble to find whether tho Idng liad forgotten what happened at Atloy, 
nnd Thorir went to tbe court for that pur|ia«e. Erik he found inclined 
to forgive Egil, but Queen tiunnbilde wsa iuplscablr. 

The wrath of Guonhilde was the element which was required to pre- 
veat tlie poanUe reooncdUadon of the family of Evenwolf to tho reigning 
house of Norway, and bonco it is strongly dwelt upon by the oristoemtJo 
SsgB-ninn. The ((ueen had two brathen, named Eyvtnd and Alf, and to 
these young men she ooofidcd Llie task of slaying the booh uf SkalLagrini. 
In the Summer there waa held at Uaular, a place in Ceatnd Norway, 
where the Pai'liiuncnt ut, a great bl6t, or narrificuil feast. Thoro was a 
temple thorr, tuid petiiile namuiblcil fi-oui tiu- and wide, Thorir had 
inkling IJiitt treacb«ry wes iiitcnded, ho Egil wae leA al home, 
Ihorotr was left alone neitlier by nigbt nor day. EiTind accordingly 
only rontrivLtl to stub a cousin cf Bjiim's, named Tliorvald, wtto dfej 
within the pnwinets of the temple, ln»t«ul, tborcfore, of helping bis 
sister's auiae, he bad committed a vl'I-v KcrimM crimti, and liad beooi 
vargr t vfum, a wolf in Uie auKtuary— that is to «sy, a man outk 
and eicommuoiatled far a ndigioaa monler. He was obliged to lea< 






S'orvBjr, ao he vent and Berved tfao Daniflh king, Hamld Bluetooth. In 
the iwxt aprtag, Tborolf uid E^ went vikitig on the coasts of Jutland 
■nd North PriMbuid : when thoy were ooming fcact in the Autumn, they 
Im p od tbftt Eyrind <ru l^ing in wait for Uiem. So Kgil got up very 
(Mrly ooe taomiitg, utd ntolo alonff Um> aburo till ho saw Ejn.-ind'8 ahlpB, 
■ad bU upon thniD, so thuL Eyinnd Iwrely aand his life 1>; Kwiiaming to 
hud, Ukd loitt Ills iuaiit«i-'.-> (tIii|M. After this TtioroIT wiitl lh«y could 
hanlly go h«k to Nocway. " Vory well," r«j>lic<) Efpl, ** thoa let un go 
■!■— Wrai" Thoy dcKiided (o go bock again ; and ho, after leisurely 
bwiying the oouits oC Saadaod and Fkndcvs, tltey doncd Uic Channel 
mad oam* to London. It ia oufortunato that all this ynri of the Saga, 
wUdb wotdd be of th» first interoBt to 0.1, is deeply tinged vith uythical 
MBloar. Aooording to £fjta, howerrr, .^tbelbtiui received the young 
vikaifswitl) d»lij;ht, and they becftme hu men. t^laud in tko«u dciy» 
■mtm Chiiatkn, and it was snggeat«d to the Icelnndie warrioni that they 
abo«ld dumgo their fnith. They wero not incltanl to do this, but they 
'did not objwt to nmro tb« prima ngnaiio — pctvons no marked toeing 
ooaadand «■ Aatcdiutiwmt, and wiihin tlie ouUr juile of Chmten^om. 
TW fraal eMmy of ^^jtbclftUu is r^teseated as being a ticottish king, 
OUf ihff Ited, who galfaered a great anny, oonquei-od h'orthumlwrUnd, 
asd droTO Earl Alfgeirr bdbre him. Thorolf and E^l commanded the 
OBlora viUag MOtingent in the army sent out by tbo English king to re- 
■btt lbs laradeni. and it was tJicy who summoavd Olaf, in /KtheUtan's 
aaaw^ io fi|[hi a pitched batUo on a field marked out by )uurl-)>ules, after 
whieh, wboevsr was Tiotor should bo king of ail Kngland, Tbe place 
thai .AitheWtan elinse b cmll«d Vtnuaktiga in the Saga, but we all know 
it attder tbe fiu- more fataoua name of Bronaubuih. After all sorts of 
m^atkiD, tboy isme nt Inat to 6ghL Tba political Eij^ntfiounoo of the 
ImMIo waa not nnduntood by the Sagturoao, but he had a moot vivid and 
•MMCQQ4 fiaoQ of the lighting it«^. Thus he deaoribcs tbe doae of the 
yieto r y eS Bninanburb : — 

**ThrytsuxiA imcka^natthe wood. 'Ilicii the lin-ttlo be^u in eameei. 
ggp eo<i)(fat for A>hU, iut<l Uitre wore Iiard blows to be given and tokou. 
4«nHt wen th« odds, yet fell there muRt on the aide of Adils. Thun 
TlMiroU grew ao mad that he flung hiu shield behind bira, and took bin 
cwonl lo hia two hanih. Tben lot^Ml ks forwar^l, nnd hewed and cut on 
boUi aidaiL Meo wiiiovl liack from him on eithm Imnd, and he slew 
lauty. Ha hs cleared a way Uirough to Earl Iliiug's ittandard, and 
atayed sol liU ho raadied iU And lie dew the uinn who bora Earl 
Krinif I atkodaid, and hewed down the staiT of tbo Rtaodard. ATW that 
b* laid hte laau at Uw Mil'a braaat, and thiougU bis ooat of mail and 
hk Itodv, ao that il went out between the xhouldcts, and he lifted 
hsn Dp upoo luK halberd oTer hia head, and then thrust the luuidlo 
of the laooo toto tho groand; but the earl died upon the hwoo, 
and that all uw, boUi his own men and his eaemies. Then Thorolf 
his award, and hewed with loUi Lia bamla. Ilii ugq aIao foUowod 


THE "Kens SAGi." 

him. Tl»n foil many Britotia and Scot*, noA somo luurtoncJ lo flee awajv 
But wbeii Earl A«1ilfl «iw bis IitoUwr'* f«Il, nml thr. grmt Iqm of hja mpo, 
Kltd hov 8010U UmI, snd that lirhimRelfwiiHUiMiriitntitfl, be fled al»u. nnd 
nnsT&r into tbfliroods; he Bed into the woixla, am] his armf vithliim." 

So tb« fint day resulted in victory fen- ^tbelBtan ; hul in thn fiAxt 
1«ttlo Thorolf w«M pieiTfd thronjtb hy Adits, and though Egil rttahoil 
IbrwoK] with his atword 8&ake, and slew Adile, ami c&iocd a pp'^t victory, 
yet tlio "itody of hin bi-othpr was foand dead upon the Imttlo-lidil. While 
lite PnglialtniiMi were rejoicing, bo went nnd piously waslicd tho hotly of 
Thorolf, dug * grave nnd buiicd his hrrthw In it, with hb annn ami g«t^ 
mPutH. He RtLDf; two pOE-iDR in his honour, nn<1 titen lie weal iip to the 
king'ti dnnking hall, and vat down lU his \i\ticp ; liul liv would lu^ithcr 
drink nor iqic«)c, for his htnrt w» bcmvy for hia hrotlier. And &G iJiis 
point the Sa^ dfwcrilieit lU liero : — 

*' Egil waA a nun with prominent featured, a broad forefacAd, heavy 
Irow)!, noe? not lon^r, but wid^^ unil finy, lipe thick and Lir^, chin won- 
derfully liroad. and all roiind the jawbone the name, thick in the nf<ck. 
Knd v«y largo in the shoulders ; moroovw, lo grow harder of counltnanoo 
and fiorcoT tlian othti- tava when ho was "^gry. Ho was woll-lmilt, and 
taller than any mnn, had thick, wolf gruy hair, nnd furly in lifft gT«w kAld," 

A foTmi(1i\)il« ]icr«OBago snrciy, and now in bin grvsf, be Inokod so 
flerw tlutt thcit? was an nivoonifortiihle silcnni in tlio court of .^Ctbolslnn ; 
hut the ktn^ look n. great goltl ring off hi» unn, and rcAchcd it to Egil on 
the point of hia !twor>3, and coI^l»^y^ him with thi» honourable gift. Rjil 
n-ouuned in Kni^land alt tlie winter ufWr Oio hntllo of Gmiiauburli, 
but in the fijii-ing he announced his wish to go h«cfc to Norway to sec 
after tliu affitira of hii hrotberV widow, As^ienle. /Ethelstsn fpivo Iiiui 
leave, and lie started with mate tluin a hundred nion. IIii foond Thorir 
dead, and bis ton Arinbj<>m become Iand.<a:tin in hit Ktend ; Arinl^orn 
gan> liiin a warm woleomo, nnil he remiiimit in 'Sorwny i|uiel)y all that 
winter. Meanwhile he fell in lovo with As^-de, through pity of ber 
wrrow, and fain wonid have married hi>r, but feared that she wonid (team 
him beoiuwr br wan ao bold. He took to Hinging atrwina ao rxtremely 
cr37'lic thato*^^ Annlijomeouldnot undon-tund bini,huttltLS>«nfi lU'-ntly 
a lover's whim, for A]<gertlp l<ive«l bini, mul lipfoiw Ib*^ Bpi-ing they in-or« 
mamed. Then he went back to Iceland, having been away for twdw 
rears, lie Bayed a long while with BlcaUagrim at Bot^, while Iita fn<^nd 
Tliurfinn uuirriwl EgtI'a sLnber Sreimn. Hut after BtHiie yonnt Egil hennl 
of ti*onbli» in Norway, nnd of the rage of lli^ old rnftniy, Queen (1unn> 
hildo, w lie aet off for Norway, hnt left ThordiH, bis step^bild, ITiOTolfa 
daugliter, nt liome in IceUnd. A man of tlic nami* of Onuud bad soixed 
Aigei-de's Norwcgiiin pni|ji-rty, mi Egil I'rammoncfl him liofoi-p ihe fJula 
Thing, the Asuijin-ooTirt of Ontral Nom-ay, and n gt^«t hiw-snil. was 
0{K'nnl. ArtahjiJm encouniged Et^ 1u light it out, though tJie king waa 
known to Ijv unfuvuumbte to him. The imit tumni on tlie le^tiniiw? of 
Aagerde, whose mother, it will bo ifmcmbwwJ, wiw ftwoUy mrrled olT 





Jff !^Mn. TLp queen, vmb^ tlat tho nTKninenta vciv gcang m fartmr 
-flf E|[il, fc*ul« t'*)* hrotliiir Alf to \>rvk up tbe court : K^ than «hftl- 
hnnod OIiukI (o Gglit n Ouel, AWm^iiiw^, bnt he rofn'^n), an<l ibc king 
taknig a luich baii<l iu Utp matter, £^ wns dcclurcil uo outlnw. In re- 
vtnpi far tliia E^ BOiigbt King Erik's lifo, and they luul n iMttto at mm, 
EgQ wHrb grart (Kfficalty tscwfitng. King Rr{k being iii tlio Sotitli of 
Xttrvwy, Hgbting Ilia own brolbcnt, EgU liftrm->J the Uixls <u<oud<1 tlio 
SogVB VJtirtlr ""■l l'ilt''<l IC<>guvnliI, thn king't: Civi>aritf> mil. }Ii> {ler- 
ibrmtMl A Tmi of extnuiriliiian' oonm^c and akill, sniliug up ttifi fjoi^^ ''7 
Wght to Fflunii^, nnd clxytag hUi cnciti; Oniin<l in » wood, pretenrling 
la l* a hoki. After Lliis tbe benerk fury, cmu« upon liitu, nud he (daw 
Bwo on all Hidfln. TIico bnfbn) learuig the coinitry bo Hcb a Loim^'h bead 
Qf> no a haanl-jwlo, atid mlled npou tho f;od« of tbo Iiuid, in inyslic nuMO, 
to «atn« Efik and titinnhildo, nnd to drivp tlivm fiuui lliu coiinlr^'. llim 
bvaulsd <mttoaai.aDil (« K-climd, wli^ro, liudinglikiillnj^rim^'vrj'oldand 
ilwimiiil, Iw look tliff mlo of (hi> haiiAo u{x>n hintftoir. At Iit«t Sknllngrim 
4isd ; hb bod/ wn« put tnti> a Rliip ftnd taken out t« l>ignne««. wbsre 
he Gnt iatiilfid ^ It WM tben buiiM upon th« promoatoi^, with hia 
boEMv ha vrnpniifi, ami his Bmith-tools, but with no money. Kgil'a iit«]>- 
iuofjkita Thoixlia nta^od with him, and ha lored her much. 

Bot in p«««Mt of timp, llakon, Kio^ Krik*>. brother, »iU«d out fi-oin 
KngUixl to Norwaj-, and coQqn«T«d Erik, who had to fly, and Arinbjom 
fl»l witb Idtu. TLi-r auav to Englnnd, and JEihtiriaa mado Grik 
Uvntnor of Northuuibr'Hanil. But. Gunnhildv lonj(od t»«« Ej|;il, hor 
■nsmf , and im nh" wiih a gmit vitdt, idie I'oiitrivMl hy mngic that bu 
■ImmiU Wtv itu rest till be auuo to her. Ac<.-<>nltagh-, K^l, iu Icelnnd, 
laqan t» Icwe hLn Kpirita, and at hut dpt^nuined to Rtartfor Englnnd. Ho 
hadrd at tbo mnutii of tho Iliuubcr, and rode up to Yoi'k, where Erik 
bald bifl couii. He fouui) Annbjviii nt euj^ter, and p«(8uaded bim to 
lake liim bofora ibu king. \V)mui OumiLiUle khw Egi], sbo njoiood, and 
vttoU bsTe bod bim Khun at once, but Arinhjom ]{ot lcavt< to take him 
iMek M B priw>n«r for that ouo night. ArJDbjiJm tb«n profioseil to EgH 
to eHUpaw a drajm, u. [kjomi in pr»isc< of Erik, " vud, if vou sro niae," 
■aid be, " }xnt will ant uuikf it of Ivitii liuiti Iwvutv nttuiBut." 

Rgil atutwi^ml LhAl hi! would try, uiit wrut li^fl nlon<Li witit alo and 
iMat hi his bad'chombcr. But when Arinbjurn came in ai midnight to 
Me b<»^ ' II'.'. K^'il Mi^l l»o could not hcf^'iu, l>tf<unae 

• twal. uM pi|M< so loud thnl bo rouM think of 

Qoajfbt elw. itoii Arinhji)rn watchcj and fonml Ibnt lliin dismnbint 
cnaturo was a ftfimAffypa, a wftrfi in ili<f[Ht9C ))r>rbnp« Qnecn Ounnbilde 
haBtlf, and hit t:i>pt gnard nt ihn window nil nighty witilo Egil fi)t>^ his 

N' >' n ■ ', J wvndcd with one anoihftr 

f. '■<-, and Eink lent now to thin aiyimfnt, now to that, until 

IL- ■! ''nrnrd and Tecit>^d hii <trapn, and thia njipoawtl the anger of 

lllnt. il< gave him Imve to ride out of York, and tJiu loutaoder nndo 


not "BOILS eAOA." 

swift ase of this permiffiioQ nnd weat off to ^tlioktnn in I/mdao, part- 
ing Tary affi>ctionately from Arinbjiini, to whose Domageoiu Mclity be 
owed BU much. Soon afW ttiia Atinbjom ilctcrmincd to help bis youug 
nephew Tboretein to rooovrr Iub riithflr*B ]>oaMiwtons, m he took him up 
to Lotvloii. &nJ indiiu-cl Egil to go with him to Notwaj and help liim. 
So E|;il flud Thoretcb fctai-tcd in thv autumn, and eiuW op wbftt Is now 
the CbriiitiAnia Fjonl, Mid E^il li<?lp(>d Thorstein to neoui-e bts rights. 
King Unkun \rit» sjieniliiig Uic winter at Tbrondbjoin, eo u suoa m Uia 
•priiig »-«thet wmred, Egil nud Thorstein went by land, ovop tho 
iyavnfj^i, to tlie court, nad there were received very pmcioiwly, and 
Thorstein vaa mule lMnbm*n in his own province. But K-gil could uoi 
got peikco with the king, for though H&kon ww nt wai- with his brotfaer 
Erik BloodAx«>, Im> could not forget tLi.t Bogavjild, tlie boy wbcm Egil 
alew iu tbo Qot^ wiu bis ncjjbew. So llbkon would not let E^ t>e his 
man, but pniled fiom him in pnaco and recogniiied Iue le^l clftinuk 

Then Thoiiitein nnd Egil returned, but when they camo to tho ridgA 
of tbo Dovi-eljeld, they parted, and 'nionttein went borne, but EgQ 
turned weHtwanl dowu Ilomsdal to the sea. He paid a vinit to Bjdro'a 
sister Gydn, who livwl -aitb her yonng son Fridgoirr, Tliej- ivoetred 
him honpitably, but he porM-ivcxl that thoy were molancholy, aitd tlint 
Fridgeirr'n H^ber, a vtay lieatitiful maidfvi, wfut often weeping. At but 
they told him thut a teniUe benerk, Ljvt Uie l^ile, a hateful and tui-bu- 
lent bully, hnd demanded tho girl's hnnd, and when tbe\' i-pfuKed Iiad 
cbnUengcd Fridgt-irr, who n-as yotiog and sbgbt, to holuvjdtttj. Thca 
Egil remembered ArinhjomV l:indn««)i, and eoid ho would May to Mfl 
the fi^tw Tbe coniie(|Tience vma that at tlie holmgdnff IJot pt^Tened to 
light with Egii. Thou K^l took hii* Hwonl and nng — 

How nidi hill-nadj polislied. 
UoLi thn tlileld with the awoid, 
Sliift lbs iDooB of iJiIclda 
Rcddnu tlie KWord (a blood. 
Cut uff Ijut from bfc. 
rUy iranir wiib th<f Bile ou, 
Calm tli« brink mil with WMpona. 
(To tUfl MglM with tti« nrriMi I) 

AtiK a hog fight I^ot was slain, and by the law which g£v<» a beTOerk'i) 
goods to any man whom he ohaUengen and who slays him, £^ beoaoM , 
hi« boir. But be spent tho winter with Thord and did not ti>- to tnkc 
the property. He had, liowevw, not j-et won the knd.s that Olund bad 
taken from his wife A»g(Tdi', eo he »-cnt up to Atle the Short, Otund's 
son, and Rumuioned biu to the Thing at Gtila, where Hgil ohalleiued 
Atle Ui halmijfiii-/. Atle liad by magical arts made his body imprvguabU 
to iron, bo Egil could not touch turn ; bat Bnding thin, Effl ran in aud 
ECSughl him round tlie body, and threw liim h'lclt so that hie neck wau 
oken, and Atle died. So H^l recovered hh wife'a kmla. 
Next sntumer Egtl sailed b«ck to loclond. Ho gi-ew a very rich and 



l^vfti mas, and Aagerie bore Um tvo dau^lit^ffi, Thorgerds and BofA 
ami thnw foiu, Bddvar, Oannar, aii<I Tborateto, all bandsome and 
|»Bmi«iag ehiklnm. Bat tiding oame tint King Erik Bloodau; hod 
died in nking, awl that Gunnhitdo having flod to Donmark, Arinbjiim 
bad gone bade in jwaoc to Norway, so E{pl began to long to pa/ bim i\ 
fimU So be Mt out with a nvaa namod Oaund, who waa a liamnua 
lanwfc, an wboai iron could not biU; Arinbjom reoeived them very 
aJhettooaW/, and ga?e tiiem soanj' gifts, fiut oflor Ytilo, Arinbjom 
iwtkwl that Ej|>l vaagrowinji^ fzoooduigly nxknoholy, and soon be apoke 
not a vard. It came out at Wt : E^l was brooding over tho Tact tliat 
Insovld not obtain (he property of Ljol tha Pale, which King Hakon 
bad aabM. Ariiibjorn, ont of good nature, tried to get this bock from 
iho king, btit Hakon was stnbbom ; and in ordn- to console Egil, Ai-in- 
bfbm (lavv him a grmi sloro uf nilrur out ofkia own «Ettat«. So E^ waa 
HUnforMd. Tlin ntuct xpiing Arinbjiim pn}|iow<i:l that tho two old friendfi 
•fcmUd go a-%'ikiiig umx inoi'e, Eind so lie and Kgil took tbnw slii[)8 and 
tknt huivlK^l men and harriod SaxlAod, that is, the country aronnd the 
UbBp all the BimuneT, and Friesland all the autumn. The saga giva a, 
eniiniii Moouul of tiio thtt lands, protected agatnRb the ma with dykes, 
and istMmctfld with broad dit«h«s. One of theso lut V6ll-nij{h becnma 
Igil'a baiiei, for '•^■■■'"j; a [«rty of Prisiana one day, he ligliUy lenpM 
MTom th* dilcb, bat no oLh^n cf the Noraemen could. So tlie Fneinns 
mtiag tmt ene man againat th^m, ruDiec! and vouhl luivc Hhiin hiui, but 
ha kSled Harm of thran, and found n hridge by which he went hnck to 
Annl^Sm. XArt OiIn th«y mil^l to Donmaik, and thon thej- pniH«d, 
for ArinbjJJm went home, but Kgil went up the C'hrtstiitnin Fjord to vigit 
TlMcatttn at Oslo. 

King Hamld Fnirhalr had oonqnered all Wertnhuid, in Swi-d^m, aa 
Imr ttmt «• Lnke Wcner. and had Uy'fd a. tribute on thiti province ; but 
Ihinp* want slackly while hi« «o(u fouf^ht one witli the othvr, and Em\ 
Anivid, who nikd tho province, sunt in but eniull ti-ibute. 80 Kbig 
UakoD HMii twelve Di«n to collect thv inont^y, but ibf^y wii-u nliun, and 
tim happened twice. Tho third time he called on Thoi-stoin to go, bnt 
be nfoaod ; E^l wwi then itaying with Thorstein, and he agreed to go 
la WenaUcil with Ktiijc Hakon's uien, with thi-ne of Itiontdn's men to 
help hltn. But nhoii they tvachnl Swvdpii, llitkon'd men g».ve l-ligil the 
■lif^ and n^iimcil to Nurway. Itnl Ugil |iiiHhnl on throtigh a wiUI, 
«W-gn>wti «ou]ttry to tho koiiee of it wrt^tn Armod Denrd, » rich noble 
who Inated him tnnchenualy, but uu whom he took a horrible rerengc. 
At ibe nut bnnw thoy came tOi tJtHy weni very boepttAbly m»ived, and 
aa Uk^ Ml «l m<-al, t^il kuw a *iek woiuaii tytnf; on a bed, aiu) adied 
what ailad her. It uppeaml tlint slir wa.-i H<-l^, duiigbter of Thortinn, 
tba boatt and that the liad been bewitched by a young man, ajid woe 
dfing of alivjilaMMM. Ho Egtl batlo thorn ncnrch Iuft b«d, and under the 
lwl.«lothM they fuuad a |iljwe ul fiahbutic, cit^iavul with niiwa. Tit 
bunttl thb with fin, aod n^iealcd aomo other ninee, and she Mi better, 

S8 ^^^V TBE " E0IL3 SAOA." 

thoufili i>tiU WTf weak. Tbon I^ want on agftin, and paaaed tlirougb a 
woot) whitro men lajr in wait, hat dnnt not nttacrk bini, and he came at 
laab to iha liotiaa of Alf tlio Itioh, a laau wlio hat««l I-Iurl Amvid. Tlum 
tlvy ptcaawl on and came to tlis place wliun Enri ArnTiil h«]d hb courts 
When Egil cotuptiuntfU of the taXo of the oodvo;h previww]^ wnl b^ 
Kiim Hukot), Aravid ca^irMtKKl gnvX eurpriae, and tuiid tbat he kuew 
nothing about it. He coUeet«4 the tribute, partly in nlvor, portly in 

. and presKtiled it to Kzil, tIid thpn departed. Aa aoon ns ho vim 

», Uie Eiurl cnIlo<l liU two lirollicrf), and Ivuie thcim hido in tfao wooila 
and alajr Egil with aJt his men. So wb«u R|K1 was returning to Ibe 
house of Alf, a pnrU nf thirty men nuibcd oal of thu wood ub tliani, aod 
th«r« was n grcAt (ij^ht iu tin* Wl of afroMn atream. But RgU atroggiod 
up iho ravinu and maila tv gnnt nhitii^hti?r o^ the Wfi'mlaniii^i-n, Ihuti^ih ha 
was wntXy noiiudod hiituttdf. iiiil bia wound healod, tuid wht-u he tMsam 
to the bouae of Thortinn be fonnd th«re great ve)oic>ingB, for Uelga waa 
cured. He then niado hbi way, witb the tiibiitc, tliroufrb the wood* and 
toftuoiut paths of the border, beck to ThoiT.t«in, and arat th« tribute to 
King llnkoa, wliu made peace with bim nnt] biK family. Tlivn iu tho 
aumiucr E){il numncd u lD(i;;-sbip and Milled out again to lodond, and be 
left his bomfr &« tDOtf^. 

Tfaera uow (.'omi-N in tho angii nn opiaode about Tjiuifai and the Qs% 
ihcn wa« at Alptanww ; but we may pom over tliiti. A man named 
Grim SvfirtangdKH), who lived at Mossfell, nskeil far the hand of Tfaonlia, 
Egil's iit«p-daufrl>tPr, and Olaf Iliiflkuldsaon, who wax the handaomeat 
toon iu loelauil, tnai-i-i«d E^l's duugbt^ Tborgerdc Bitl idl di<) Dot go 
wo amootbly as this, fur Biklvar, K^l's cld«t xoo, who was the apple of 
hia eye, and a fine protaising lad, jiuvrcrful as his father had been at his 
ifffi, die<l in a storm, which upMt a al»p which ho was bclping to utdoad, 
eloae to Borg. HiH body waa waahed uahoro at Einamieu. Rf^l went 
down to the tihore, and taking the body of hia aon acrom bitt kncve, rode 
with it up to the tomb of his father Skallagrim upon DigrAanti, opened 
the grare and laid tlio lad boddu but grandfather. Egil wore Xi^xt hoM 
aod a close red fiiatian coat, and both of tbcae wetc root with his agony. 
He I'otte homi.' at tinndnwn, and locked himself into bia bedchamber, and 
would not (>{HiiLk nor val. Ou the third day Angcrdo wbntt to bor nuirried 
dan^l<H- Thonterdc to oom<\ and 4m> bade her father open the door to 
ber. She biy down aa be wax doin^, and annonneed Umt alto too would 
die; rery cunningly fibe jieraundcd him to di-ink some oiilk.nad then not 
to die until he bud written a pwm in honour of bts aom ; thu-t slip di*- 
Ruaded hini Irom starving bimwtf. lie composed ^nfir^Drn-jt, "The 
Loae of the Son," a louj; elegy iu fuur and twent)* stunzas, vhtdi is odo 
of the finest examples we posaam of ancient Icelandic poetry. An be 
compoaad IHspoen) K^I'k siiirita roiMviind be recited it with umuuitirin to 
his family. Tborgerd** tlieti rrtiirnwl home to Iipi- bunimnd. 

Aft«r tbiE I^il Ixwame rery old. Ua learned that bis failbfUl frieod 
Arinbjijni had receiTed great bonoura in Norway, and lie wrote a long 


THK "ZOnS 8A0A." 


pons, the Ariniyamanlrnpa, ringmento of whtcli wo poaseHi, to oon|;p^- 
tuUlr him. h> lii« ltwI (i$:l> Uitnv tiuso utit to svttlv in Bnmdiuib a 
jvanf man. KiiMr ll«lg*aeo», who v(w« vtry clovw pnct. Kpil and h© 
B>'' ' ^'<t>g BUil fell to tliM-ti9»inf; thv nrt of |imtx7i', i'?kdl<{iiap, a. 

«iil^ imiucd ihvai l»th, nii<l nft^T thi^ tlii]^ Wcauie gnnl frirnijs. 

Etaar v«« ft tMltlff and gpncTOUK mim, but m poor an ilu> tyyinil pont. 
Hwre M ft curiiiax Ntory (tSout him, whk-h ri>n1niii» ono of the (ir>r jokn 
InSftSn lilctftturv. Kinnr mm(> one ntituum to visit Kgil, biit fdiinJ turn 
ftWky frotD hmnn. Hit wait^ ftir liim tUnsu tUn ut Uorg, and it was not 
(4iiifiu4Ui to Rtaj Any longor. Ho he linnK op n precioiui shJoliI ho htvi DT4<r 
EifU'ft twftt, an*! ImhIo tboni tall him that it wna Kinor'e gift, \\nien IDgil 
^aaa harnn ho |ii«tao(lM) to bo in n grra) rn^ie, fur )>» khu) be ktiev that 
Elnar Bcnnt to forai faim to unkv a potuii on tJin gift. Uo called for hin 
fconn, •Q'l Miid hv tniut ridn hftxr- Kinnr and HI! liim. Einar and E^l 
Rnaioed bat friontla nil Ltieir thiyii, nml Kjpl txwlc tLa nliii'lJ with him 
mwmjw h t i rf , till one ilaj at a Uridal feast it fell into a tub of MHir milk 
aatA WM ipcdlnl. Thir> xtor; of th« shield is tJin only bmnorouH {loint in 

ThondetA j;t«w up on extrvuiel^' handsome and capable uuui. but ho 

did Dot gat on ¥017 vi>ll with biK fiLther, bu whou at latrt Aagordo diod, 

E|fil 9iT« Bone u[» to tuB Bon, and went awaj to MoGBfcU to Uro with his 

«|i^Mki||^lcr HkntiIls and her hiuband Orint. for hf )«v«hI Tbordis Wttoi- 

tln ftajr ooe alse in the world. Thont^ui, Ivft to hiinsulf, sooa qnarreUed 

milk him aaamt netglibonr, a man nameil Htoinar. Tba dispute was 

fanmi^t before Uie Thing, and Kfti] wiu d«pat«d to decide it : lie jjatc fata 

4aeWaa vtqry forcibty in tavonr of hi» own non. Thorsti-in )tad grmt 

tnmUtfi AfUr Uii«i and bis vld(»t child, (rhm, a hcatitifitl I07, was miir* 

Jill b]r MUinar. 'Yhe last tliiuj; Kgil did will muain a mystery for 

•TV. Btt Wl Ixvonio bttnil, and llio women chid him for comity in 

thair vay In tlw< lioiu^, m tliikt h^ wm voty miMrable. He booamo 

Jiwloni of but woalth, and ono nifiht he bade a harm i» saddled for him, 

and ataiied off with two coftern uf silver money and two slarcs. He naid 

ttkftt be wudrad to bathe in the darkoeea, but ncrt morning when Iblk 

VBV riaitig, ibere bIouJ K^ witli iJie bune outaiile tho honut, aJone, He 

wmld noi ny wh^rv be hnd l>t.<r7i, but loni; afterwarda he admitted that 

ba had killed tbe >Uv«m nft^-r luiiyin); the money, but where he would not 

mf. Tin uuinnm afUir Uib bn died, and wm buiM in \\'m artnx imd 

fpvTMatft u|M>i) llJaldanem. But when tlie land became ChriatJaD, 

Tbonlfa had Egil's aknll hivugbt and hud is MohCbII Chuivb ; and there 

it waa fiiuiid tlirrc ranttiriea alWwards by Hkapti Tborarinwon the 

piimi. It waa tuiiiBually lat^ and heavy, and the snr&oe of it waa 

VftTed and mriped like a barp^hell. And that waa tliv ond of ISgjl 


R.W. 0. 


!>n Ibits^nt. 



Tiif. Iintl view of 8utberliUi(t8luri> m upl to Im dia^ipoiiktiog. It 
gtunotl by Uie tnivcllcr nbng the wmtom route in this via 
Cl^iietdaU rounds Ku Coyji^h to roll a Rood dud in the hcs tlial acta 
into thA Hind) ; but m noon lui thr^ Antranw to I>oeh Invar is guned, 
•taunw bl 1cm buSetnd by the faMt-ruimiuf; Kwells. More a«pGdA)ty 
this tbe caac vhen it laaves Sheep Ifil&nd behind— a bare oMong rock 
tenanted hv a tew of tbe nuimalii which giv8 it a name. Onci? in Loch 
Inrer itself, inger e^rea are directed towranbi bha shore rrom the dnuk and 
dripping st«amor. Tlio cold dnrk Luiirtintian rocks im soon cdi,ix1 mth 
foam. All above ia )imotiu>nul in oitiitK. It ui irapojMil>l(< tu iWtitf: 
anything wliidi ih tavty fert above the aea-lerd. 1'Ite Onptain poll 
jwtntA out th« qwartcr where Suitven should gloom n^xiiiat tl»e sky, 
Ijiilnaij; luajeKlicnlly wear her diadem of quartc, und, beyond all, hea 
More nuae hifl mighty nuiaiH AIha ! the ktnncttt Kazn uumot pioroe their 
wist ml«, and nothinft mo bo more tAntalisinf; than tho ntriotu eritl- 
cisnui on tlin rivnl iiiotintHins iillertil by tJioiie round Uw rtsitor familiar 
in-itJj tbo \-iew, Uut there tlie misU arc, and tb«y iiupi-wia him as nt tho 
outset of liifl tviir he standH, his " aea-gown scarfod iirauod him," vith 
tbc conviction that no ooc Rhoald go to Suthnrlaodahire vbu cannot gi 
tbo cliniAto plenty of timo to rocovor &om thceo frcqiiont fiteof sulkin 
Like » tqwilt rliild, vwn in aummer Sulherlandithire bidea her face, it 
amy 1>e for iayn, and tlien, wttJioiib Ihe iea»l apparent motive^ the nutd' 
clouds rise, the sea brightons out against the great brown mountauui, and 
the beholder }» dclijfhtcd at the chan^ Tbo HJ^blanders tbemaelvcs do 
not (4^ hifl patic-noe eo mnch aa tb« coy mood^ of tbeir mouataina. 

Bnl lot us lake !i diH^ront amno. It in eloren o'clock on a balmy 
July Di^ht, und Loch AtMyiit t^leepu far Mjiroid l>c1ow iu luBtroiui beauty, 
vatehed by Quinnig on ono hand, like a lion couoh&nt, and on the 
other flaiikod by diirk rock vrall», rounded and tnfled with busby tnw6 
cvri)- bfitt! and ihcro, till tliey give way to b«atlK'r ou the higher nlli- 
tud«8v Th«eo crags caltainate in Canisp and Huilren, whotu nuunivo 
facuds peer ovt-r tho ucni-rat nutgo of cliffii. A strange amber light 
difluMa itMlf cvotywUerv — such a light im FMlwoold paint for the 
■tettlug of an eni<hanted land, and Turner rutght have dospairMl of ever 
reitroducing in all ita copiousnea of aC-rial ttmnspamicy. Tbn setting 
Gun hoA fioocM tbo opposite heights with a deep goltkm glow, which fUdn 
to lich BaSron, and then to thia Kingulai'Iy wai-m twilight, wlucb i» fddom 
Or ne\-cr Bocn away from the Nortbora niountoina, A few black cattle 






ftnd many hettpa of peat speck the Ta.Uoy >>«]aw. Erery rocky eholt 
annind la bi'ouglit into vivid diHtiactiirsa. The perfect fttillaetts is almast 
oppremivQ. No swallows tire found hc^ro ; no swifts cIatI screaming over- 
bead OH they would in Kngland. The diatmit rumble and screech of tbo 
looomotire ia hero aoknown. Kot n murtnur from the great world in. 
vndeB tho Undscapo's peace. Only a thin %>it lium rises and falls in the 
»ir, a g»at tliinting for your lilood, for here ihese troublesome insecta 
abound. Fortunatoly Uio " cl(^ " (or still mont fell K&dflios) bavo coaaod 
to lio iijjgroiwtTo at sundown. Yon draw out yonr wntch; it ia eleren, 
but quite light enongh to enaWe a letUr to 1* ivad. So you linger 
drinldn^ in draughts of baliny nir and mountain b«auty. Their summits 
are now purple, while gloom gathers below, and gradually creeping tip- 
wards, displaces the purpk tints with cold grey outlines. And now like 
gboata of their daylight sclvc!) the niountaiua ntand clear-cut ag'iinst a 
starcy sky. Small wonder is it that, after several such eveningR, tha 
viaitor boara away livvly remitiisccncx's of f^iitherlandslure. 

TbAob to the caniful regulations and wise policy of the Duke, Suthei^ 
lADilsliim, wlwin onflfi roiifhml, eaii ofTor fail- ftceoioraodHtion to tourists, 
togetbcT witJi plenliriil. if homely fare, and rooms of perfect cleanUnes. 
To Rucb minute matters of dttail dot's th« Duke'.-« su]XTTiaon cxtAod, 
that it ia a capital crima for an innkeeper to cbent or overcharge a 
viutor. Consequently, no one nned go nortlt with the melancholy 
foreh<x)iugs whiirh Boijwell cntt-rtiuuod when he dined for the lint time 
with Johnson — "J EUp|>o89d we should scarcelv iiave knives and fork^ 
and only some strange, uncouth, Ul-dnst di&b." The result ia sarc toagree 
with the model biogmphci's MporicaMi, who found cvOTTthing " in very 
good oilier." The Urger holdings turn mostly let on a nin^-years' lease, 
while smaller fanuit are held on a ymrty iLgrwoiicnt. Tim cuablea a 
prompt change of tenants t« 1>c effected, should nny house be troublesome 
for posdiing. By these and siniiliu- meaflui'eii Icecjiere Ibid their offiro a 
Bioecure, bo far as detecting poachcifi ia ooncemed. None of those law- 
less midnight brawls occur which diHgrace more thickly populated dis- 
tricts of England. A couple of keepers aie enough for a .stretcli of land 
thirty miles acroBs; and tho Duke is known familiarly aa the "good 
Duke," " the hert of all th<> Dnfces wo haro had." Tho cordiality of tho 
v^ations aubsistijig I'^twe^u him and Iuk numerous tenantry greatly 
adds (o the pleasure of rtwdin^' in hi? domains. Yet few touriate, pure 
and fiimplc, find tlicir way iw> far north, NattiralUt^ nad, above all, 
fishermen, form the bulk of the viidtoiti. The talk in everywhere of 
" Booa " and " «awmon i)owlos ; " of loclui and bums and fiahing-dayB and 
ejiatoi. The aalmon-riverB are I«t ; hut all lochs and hums and rivwa 
may be whi]>pe(l by trout-fishcii!, with a, few excej>t!onB, which may l,» 
learnt from tho lUfTci'cnt landlords of the inns. Trout appear at every 
mttX, and aalmon in so often served tliat tho gitost ia involuntarily re- 
minded of the apocryphal story of mai(l-nervant» and apprentices, who 
used in the good old times in England to covenant si>ccial]y with their 

used ID tno good old times in iuigluu<J to covenant si>cc]cuiy with their I 



iDisten thftt the^ were not to Im fml on this fieb mnrt) U»n Uitm (kjn 
in the week. 8o<>tb to say, of all duilLC«,Ml]ifton U Ui« ooe wbkh w>aiie>t 
palls on the appetite, whcrms, w linn nhnriiened by excrciiie, htingry fliihei^ 
men can always cat troul, TIiIr ia fartunattt, an the pari«fa of Anxyut 
pcaMSMs Bomfi threo buu<lre<l loclia ia ita 97,000 aeree, aru) nuuty of them 
ahound witb troat. 

Tlio eutem sida of ^itbdrlnncbhire ia tho scsne of the I>ulto'a exixri* 
mODte in vlMting the moor iiiiil rMtablisUog farniii. Amynl, on the 
apfoate shore, is aa gv^t a routrust to these tritn stjuarv fields as oaa 
1)0 bnaginDd. Itoogh moor and liuathrrtiifted rock albcrDato ynlh lochs, 
■ wbieh tio undersomosir Um wilili>t lunJ mmit liuiKmiiij; iii'Mii]tiiin» at 
Bootlaod. GvetTvboi-e in J\ KS^'nt fmir of t)»es«, BuEIven, Cjiiim]>, Qntnaig, 
aod Bra More, are cviu<{iictK>iiii ; tliat ia to say, wl>eD not hiililei) ui mtst& 
These aie the oldest mountnioa id the llritisb IsJes ; the throe former 

' haag oomponed of Oarabrion couxlomDniU! Aiid sandBtoiu-, Quinalg Iwdng 
CApped with Silurian quAHs>o«>, whilp II<^ Mor» is made up of silurina 
quartate and traps.* TIih Btrip of tho taiirpulian ^-Ktom on tho const n 
D^Tfljud by siiuruui bodn as the truvpltor advances inland, nnd tJie two 
rMnIt in a baiv bloak coiintn-, trM*l(«^ almost devoid of biwhes, (nt«r> 
Dted by a streak of liiit<i(1oiir. which ninN iip into gigantic lernicee and 
-buUnMoe at Strouiedinibiv liy thv back of the little hotel of Inchna- 
damph. Tluwo bony prooeasM, na it were, of tbe country are cU)tti«d 
witli a w»n^ covmag of appropriate ref^tatioD, — heath and bog phuits, 
with a low iTii-c fcriiti in the ihcltci^ receeaee, down which bums flow 
to tbe lochs. It is n coiiutr)* wliicli mutt bo vet^* much loved or Tory 
much dcUvibxI. Tliv ordbuiiy, away from the uomforts of hotels 

jiftiid railrooda, falls tinder tho latter mtogory. We huva ncvpr beikTtl that 
!)« raterpri>iiiig Mr. Cook ever " pereonaDy conductod " his mynnldons 
liLTc, thotigli he niai«lutl» them at the Nortli Oa^ic, to nee the midnight 
Run. But to tbe artist, the lover of luitiire in her Rtcmer nnd fjnuider 
moods, and abo%-o all, to tlie naturalist and airier, A.'ucyntii a deltghtJ^ 
reality at tbe time of visitin:; it, winle af^rwArdt^ it fadee into a dnnu- 
land of stately mounlaitiF nnd loehs Ktvdded with wsitcr-liliot. Thither 
we nuMitolly retire wlii^i t)ip fads of cutumon life obtrude tbomwivus too 
much, when ti-oublAi and buRiticw, and tbe hurry of daily existence, 
vdgh down Oie iipiritii. It ia natonifhing what fine staga ean oAea nt 

tttich times I^« stalked on tl»e lonely m>rrier> which the golden eagle 6iroopBj 

'a£txMR fVom Qninaig, where be y«l lives and thrive-< — how we can vat^* 
biiu Hwoop down upon ibo alpine hare, which, aware of the idiadow 

I'dituming the »imliglit oTcrhuud^ darts rapidly into his envc in the 
and eacapcM the royal liifd :— and how we ean bnttJe aueceettAilIy 
with monster naliuon on ' , ur caU-h troat of grand weight on 

IjocIi Awe. Thua it t- ■ ■■ compuii^^it*^' for tlic moaotony of 


work, and iii every beanti^ spot that we visit grows the " bright golden 
flower " of bliasfiil contwit — 

More med'ciual than that moly 

That Hermea onc« to wiso Uljises gave, 

Of Borrao use 
'Oninst all cnchantmentB, mildew blait, or dumi).' 
Or ghostly ftirios' apparition. 

For this flower of simple happiness transmutes the dullest scene into an 
enchanted land. Certiinly it grows abundnntlj, if a man can only find 
it, on the bare crags of Assynt. 

Little has been written respecting the district of Assynt itself, but 
two or three books may be I'ecommended to those who would have a 
general knowledge of SutherlandsMre. First must come A History of 
the Earldom of Sutherland, by Sir Robert Gordon, written in 1630, but 
not published until 1813. It contains a celebrated passage on the fauna 
of the county, but many of the creatures' names require an antiquarian 
to identify them. " All these forrests and schases are verie profitable for 
feiding of bestiall, and delectable for hunting. They are full of reid deer 
and roes, wulfis, foxes, wyld cates, bi-ocks, sfeuyrrels, whittrets, weasels, 
otters, martrixes, hares, and fumai'ts. In these forrests and in all this 
province, ther is great atoi-e of partriges, pluivers, capercaleys, blackwaks, 
mure- fowls, heth-hens, s wanes, bewters, turtle-doves, herons, dowes, 
fiteares or stirlings, lairigigh or kuag (which is a foull lyk unto a paioket, 
or parrot, which maks place for her nest with her beck in the oak tren), 
duke, draig, widgeon, teale, wildgouse, ringouse, rout«, whaips, shot- 
whaips, woodcok, larkes, span-owes, snyps, blackburds or osills, meweis, 
thrushes, and all other kinds of wild foull and birds, which ar to be had 
in any pairt of this kingdome " (p. 3). Save the vermin in this list, the 
"weasels, martrixes," <tc, the generality of these birds and beasts yet 
flourish in Aasynt, though their numbers and distiibution have, of course, 
been greatly affected by the system of preserving game. The chronicler 
occasionally deals in the marvellous, as when he tells us of certain 
forked-tcul deer inhabiting a mountain called Arkill, and still more 
amusingly (though the air of the county deserves the compliment), 
" ther ifl not a ratt in Sutherland, and if they doe come thither in shipps 
&x>m other pairts (which often happeneth), they die preaontlie, how soone 
they doe smell of the aire of that countrey, and (which is strange) their is 
a great store and abundance of them in CattejTiea, the verie next adjacent 
province " (]>. 7). For sea-birds and fishing, Wilson's Voyage Round tfie 
West Coast o/ Scotland is useful. He was brother of Professor Wilson, 
an ardent sportsman and amusing writer, and, landing occasionally on 
his upward voy^e, found time to fish and make observations on natural 
history. Another book, more valuable in its day than at present, but 
Btdll useful from the many acut« remarks of its enthusiastic writer, is Mr. 
St. John's Tour »n Sutherlandshtre (2 vols., 12mo., London, 1849). 
Th« book also is somewhat of a misnomer, as only three parts of the fiiri* 

volume on ileroted to oxbmcta &oiu a jotoiutl doecribing a ma 
thnnigh SatharUadshiro ; ihe nst oonaMbig of fitld iMtM, remark* 
dMr-Malkiog iixl fishing. Slill it takes Uie rowW tack to \he time wheo 
Awyot WON mfiaitah' more primitive Uiaa it now is, and it wae easier to 
iiod a mas wbd had beea to the North O^te than ooe wiw k»«w any- 
thing of this chamuig dutrict. In those days, aay forty yen* ago, tfaa 
ospnjr might l>e seen. It br«d in several localitua near Kyltacu and 
Sconrki, and OBpedally at Locb Aasynt, vli«t«, two yeats beforo !Str, St. 
Jolin wrote, it had bten aliol, anil that, by no leas a sportaouui tluui hlm- 
wlf, though iM one would gaees it from his wonU (roL i p. ll'j) : — 
" Al Loch Aaxjat on a [leninetila (once an ulaiid, ami oow occastanalfy 
ao), thero an the ruins of an old castle. On the munmit of the highest 
part of thfi wall ia an iniinpnae pile of weath«r-beate& and bl«aehod sticfe&i 
which, two _vears ngc\ fonoed an odprey's neat; bnt unluckily this meat 
iutet«8t40g bird has been killed or driven from it6 pictureeiine and exposed 
dwelliiig-placR." The fishemi&n vet looks up with regret to the plnijbna 
on which a cartload of stacks tued to forto the o«prvy'a nest, and listens to 
the redtala of the natives on the ptcturoe>)tio maoiMc- in which tli« ospreyM 
uied to duah into tbo lake in front whilo feeding, and then reflects with 
80melliing of the feeting whtcli pi-ompted the celeloated exdamataon, 
£l tu, Srutr, tliat thtrir destroyers were two of the meet eminent ^KM-famdn 
and naturaliicOt of the tine. To sueb lengths will a longing for specitnenB 
cnrt7 colloctors ! Ajid now the ormtholoipst'a malison Is nid t 

A curious featiu« of Assynt is the Loch Hulocb oomc, or OiUaroo 
Loch, as it is souivtiuiM callnl, from being tesantwl by the i-ariety of 
trout called gUlaroo. Tim pvculiarity of this Ash ooosists in a thir.lwniny 
of the gi2ard, apparent on dissw^ion, and which la Mid lo arise ttom ita 
feeding hugely on pond snails To an ordinary eye the fi«h do not lUflbr 
from the coniuiou Irout of tlw; country-, but » gillie or experienced fiehrr- 
man will at once dotoct Uic gillaroo. This loch liea high up on tlie 
limtatone hills over Inchnaditmph. and, if n t^dc be not taken, can only 
1>c found by a oompaas. The best way is to ascend from the road by 
Lot'h Assynt up the course of the Trailigill bum, and whim some two 
luilen Iiavf.^ been conquered, then to strike over the swelling wastes of 
lieaUier to the i-igbt. The bum itftelf ia a typical mountain stream, now 
loaiung down a dark narrow cluion into a deep pool edged with stunted 
ddota, now it{>rending out ovrr boulders and pavel, now brawling over 
rock-sbclves with brilliant goldtm blossoms at tlie side and little trout 
glnncing over the shollows, but. never fui:gettiug its mimion to gain the 
lower ground and carry down to Loch Astj'nt thv dnuuage of Uic hills. 
Tl)o heather slopes above im tndontMl wiili singular euplikc hollows, 
supposed by some to !» the site of a camp or a vilUgn, l>ut we think that 
a diifpMadwut* oxamiiuiUon will show thcta to be natural foatnns. 
Evtiry here and tbore a lonely nlMaling, or a sbephnd's hut, ia passed. 
A fftw bens slrido over tbe " midden " in fronC, whoro pestilential odoon 
poison the sweet mountain uir; somo cabbsgcB in a plot, orernm mtl) 








•dJ fcooeU ia ruJel; with stoiies aad burdlns, ate groving on one 
Od Uw oijipr ia b decrepit pent-ahed. The cottagi itulf U lov, of 
raugk ■trot, roofed vlth {Mwt unA heather, fitstened down with straw 
Willis, mm) Uiore are cure to b« two or tbtoo li*ro-I«gged Uds And lasnw 
in Imti pUying with s kitt«n. A» fur nuutury UTiiii|;eiaflnt8, these uro 
■Mm, bat titu fruth nlr nml piiru wiUirr nniuud forlnd disuosu. At a httla 
^if*nTK* wUiiitf; Bwrr iiicttirottjuo time such a cottng« can bo imaged, 
aotltii^ more Boitablo to the g*nitu toei, with its tliin colatna of bino 
"part mk" narrntliup Bg&iimt the purple elope of Uie hill. TtiCro 
■tv ather institutions And cnxtoms of tho Scotch c^ttiall^ &ir — at a 

Wouiljr do wo plnttgo through the lu&thor which riaoa ulmost np to 
tlie middte in aotnc idwlUired oorn«i,a»d M longUi diKH-m a coUey ha in 
front. SooaKWOood appMrs,uidthen tb«trowaer, n.t}itn.Sisr»iuiLD,d&d 
in jadut ud liom»-ip«n tnvBen ud wearing a hnge "Tun 0'Shiintj<r" 
boiiiMi. Kothing loth, both of ufi *' foregsther," taming to hire » look 
at Aji^nt apraul far below, and tho hugo tops of Canitip and StiitvtMi 
f ttr iD g QT«r naMvr motinUinti Iwyonil. Wa admire his co1I«^b, n «uro 
m^y tu win tlu- Khoiihenl's hmi't, mul iire told how the^ bUki* with tho 
duLlnsi nod tin^'e tho mmainii of thvir porrid8«, and nro in cvcrj' itepect 
Itiated with oonridoration na being valtiable alliw. Wlint would n 
•btpbitnlV lifo h« worth on a wild Deoemtwr nfl«moon when the eoAt 
«nid aarricH the sleet ^trai^Eht into his face, bad he not I>oua.ld nnd Wat- 
hal Tfavj ATO eminontly "douru" dugs too, and every Sabbath acoom- 
puiy Uteir nasUir to kirk in s very different fritme of mind to iheir 
«r4ittM7 aleti awl Croli^kaoRifl mood. Li this aii hereditary result of thv 
loag Gatib wriDona to which their progenitor* liatmed I All the shep- 
lards and giUin here aro allowed by the Duhe to flhhfor trout — a kindly 
aa well aa a politic moasuro, tho only ratrictions being that they are not 
tn fiab a atRmm befote a gentleman if lie ia hwu itdv»ncing down it, nor 
art th«y penuittod to 6>h within sight of n high-road. T\t9 privilege i» 
fteatlj Tnlued, as nwj be *upfx«ed, and ik the RinuM vf tanuy a Ru.lmon 
hMng apaiv] on Uis btQedlng-lieds ajid many a callow brouil of grouui 
iMiag nKQHi firam Wnllate's maw. We part with matiiikl good winhea 
■ad •tamble npoa Lha UilUroa Loch, exactly where we had ftdttled it 
naghi to Iw, thanira to the ootupoAs. Its shoren are shallow, and thn 
ftDtie ia a (>nod dtwl chokeil with weeds, biit, by leaping from rock to 
beotdo-, we i^t out Bonte way, nml, letting out nitich line, jnst maiiago to 
•BCDTv one liih for a upedmen. llton the aun hlaxcs out, aa it ogily doei 
en Ume Highlamt biiU in .luly, nnd vo give tip (iHliin],' aa uaolon, making 
s tJHow to avoid titc stopper pArta of tliv cTii'Zi^y hill f>iJt> overhanging the 
IHtle ton at [nchnAiUmjih, and so down an nhi-itpt dewent leading to tlio 
Inm, Ktanbln npon Harry Maleohn, llie keo|K!r. 

All who are fond of natural hulvry and B|Mrt iiatiirally like nclub 
with a 1 light int/i mifh fnmilW teliitioitft uith 

\i- I'r. Tlie iSuotch fuurlivr ia a pleniuuit 



oompuiioii owning to but CBUmsiasu and anccdotcA. KiDgs)^ de{>Kt6 biin 

I'm sir lad nvij Lo ibe nair*. Kiifaor, lo Iiubl ihe Am de«r, 
Bungiftg fKt frnv l>>j«tiing tnat* *ail (liA (touM fbib bnrc ; 
O^wling ap itirvtagh l>Bm ftod brMJkon, InAping dawn the mmm, 
lAoldBK Mt Inn crtg and hmilliind , dri iVitii; ap lbs tamniir Imtan. 

Sut be has not the tune reqtuHiU' U> uiiiko Ui« Bcquiuutiuioe oT lli« wild 
cnsatona at booiB. Ho mti«t kill nail bo oS wiUi Lis booty, iuateod of 
lyin^motinnlMs in ft h«ath«rcluin}>nt«Arly dttwnandwatdiin^itt letsutu 
Ui« uiiui>' iiiiiiiULls wliicli love to roun at uiglit ate&Huj; liooiewimla la 
ikvar daut. Edwiutl, tliv BanlT oaturalut, in bis nocturuul nuublm, only 
clUiicidea witli the conviction pouesaed by sportsmen and obsorvan all 
orer tbe world, tliat bo who voali] nee the lower aiumnla in Ibeir 
IbarlMB and congenial mooda ought to wat«b for tbecn at ni)^t or oarl] 
mom. Maloolm'H iutetligoot face Kha«l«i«l I-y un old aobtr-loiiM totitclie 
his wiryaad otfalvtio form ; and botli logctlii-r oHsutva cuual visitor to tlial 
Idngdom of th« birda, now as Cnirlj baffled with r^iiArd to llto rigbt tnuk 
: Execestidea liimRelf," tbat be will muUly point otit tbe direction in 
rhiob t^ shortoat patii lien and give iuTonnaUon on tbe inaoy intcrei4tin>; 
l>ird3 and boasts of Ihu district. Accordingly we Niik intti tbe bealJier<i 
, anti gain tl>e following fncU from our cbut with bim : — "Kaglest V<Mt- 
flboi^ ace golden «aglea now, a paii- of tbem on Quinaij; in front, but tbt^ 
tMrt oAvn Men on thtfi aide Sootetunes, however, tb»y )ek-oc|i owr* 
. at n great hoigbt in r irclitij; cddios, and, of coun<c, tboy aro on tlio 
look-out for a dotul iihfie|> or woakly buuli. Tho blu<^ ^ov Alpine) hare ia 
alfto a ftivourite dish ; tlieir {lenHX-utiou ]a\» dL-n>lup«<l in UiU luuv a need 
vt a di-n fm- ivireat, which ordinary harm iicror think of. Iliiv; U^^y 
• npoa any hole or cranny in tltc roolca nrotihd un, and, when attodced, < 
into it, when thoy aiv nt oiicp mfo. I have Kcen a gobleo esigia i 
blockade one, lo calmer was it, lini Uto hare would not vcntni« into tba 
o|H>n until the ea^lo somewhat reluctantly took viuQ. Ea^cs alMunded 
uiucb more cvt-n in l^m when I came here na kcqwr. At thai, time it 
rM poaibto to <■•>? itine in Uu air at onco. I ebut thrw in (mo day, and 
'mt* leas than aixtfnn iu tlirm wc«ka. Now oaglci) and puragriiiw fuloona 
are strictly preserved hy tlio Dako. Tbo &vDurit« pray of the prregrine 
I the gi-onse, and the opinioK hna pivvailed tbat fcn^ itrikiltx •lo^'n tli«^ 
Bt and therefore tbe weiikMl of tlie rarer, tba bird wna anriaUug natui 
in i-xtvrminalin;; or n^Ioriii^ to very Einiall prnportimiD tlif)> dibeaxo*] 
My dislnd ) It is twenty-two mitog long and soiuk ftAy miln in oirctno-' 
ferenoe. It: was swrmuiu^ with rei'min wlwn I firal came. But blood- 
mouey ivaif pi-vmi^ol uf, and tlm scbcmo nita but too GitaJ. For ovr 
caglo vio «bor op tnipjd>(l 1/, waa nllowod ; for every dog-fox, H)*., but 
the rixcu, 2/.; every o«b (tUI August 13, when Uioy were sappoeed to 
bavobwomeadaltfoxea). 10».; bawk»,hu£Eiinla, ^u., bninghtiuU. uwfa. 

" tfw AnrivfiiuiM*, n» Bifit, U. 


The grey or scaul crow was worth Is., but the raven 2«. G<I. Have kept 
tame eagles, which would sit 911 m; arm, but would never let me see them 
feed, as they would spread their wings and turn round as often as I 
sought to see what and how they eat. They could not bear dogs or strangers, 
and often attacked them. I came In for their anger at times, and had to 
kick them off in self-defence. Finally, they took to evil ways — chickon- 
killing and the like. I could not bear to shoot them, so set my dogs on 
them and drove them off to the mountains. The deer are generally feed- 
ing in the corriea on the other side of Ben More at this time of the year, 
but you may see them coming down to Loch Assynt at times. Last 
summer a fine stag used to feed among the cattle evening after evening 
in the meadow at the head of the Loch. The herd-boys amused them- 
selves by stalking it and trying who could approach nearest. It was almost 
always seen on the Sabbath evenings, but was at length shot. The badger 
is very scarce now, if not exterminated, I killed the last which has been 
seen hereabouts, and it is now stuffed in the museum at Dunrobin." 
And so, taking a " richt gude willie-waught " with the keeper, we rise 
refreshed and pursue our stroll. 

K anyone should wish to know more of the birds and beasts of 
Sutherland than these scraps, picked up during a noontide halt, he may 
be confidently recommended to two excellent papers on them published 
in the Natural History Society of Glasgow's TranaacliojM, by Mr. E. B. 
Alston and Mr. J. Harvie Brown. From these papers it may be gathered 
that 115 species of birds breed in the county; hut their numbers, and 
their abundance or scarcity in different years, present many curious 
problems to the ornithologist. Thus there are no blackbirds at Inchna- 
damph, near Assynt, though they are common some fourteen miles off at 
Loch Inver ; instead of them we saw ring-ousels pilfering the black ciu-- 
rante which grew in the inn-garden. The rook too is uncommon, and 
local in Assjmt. We saw not a single swallow or marten during our 
stay. The wild-cat is certainly not extinct on the higher crags, nor the 
common marten, though they escape the notice of casual observers. The 
curlew breeds on the moor near Loch Awe ; we were attacked by the 
parents and a brood of five, all of whom screamed and whistled as they 
Hew near us in a very insulted manner. The lesser black-hacked gull is 
a positive nuisance to the angler on Loch Assynt, from the manner in 
which she swoops down upon him and abuses bim in the choicest of bii'd- 
Billingsgate. It is very pleasant to see birds thus tame and fearless of 
man, and speaks volumes for the treatment they obtain at the hands of 
the few natives. The Isle of Hands on the west coast of the county 
forms, it is well known, the breeding-place of thousands of gulls and such 
like birds. 

On the edge of Loch Assynt, the ruins of Ardvreok Castle are very 
conspicoous. Sir R. Gordon, himself a younger son of the family of 
Sutherland, bom in 1580, gives a good account of the solitary incident 
which has rendered this rain famous, the capture of the great Montrose. 


nt AJSBtVf. 

tn gfioenl hia liuton- in vmry raatling, iHit tba eptsode of Montroae w a 
Itnrple pttcL in tbo dull chronicle. How would tbo roaiier enjoy psge 
after pnge of the following character? "Tormat Slacloyd, Lain] of 
Aasiats wna one of the soiis of Ilorf Moir Macloyd of the Lccihs, Tor- 
mat KfAclojrd of AMint hud Uirio nonw; Arigia (who wax eatled Old 
Aogiut, who tra>'«<}l«l into Frnicn and Ita1t«) ; John Reswigh, who 
posnaKKx] the Oogigh ; nnd Tormnt Banc, who vent to Ronoe witli hia 
hrothnr Old A nffiiR," &e. Jcc (p. 2lt3.) Duvid Lrslie had dent hLi officers, 
Haclcpi and fitnirliMii, to cftptiii'e Montrotta; aitd hnving dt^cntcd hU 
littl« baud on April 'i7, 165Q, tb«)' |mr«iied him and tbe Earl of Kinnool, 
who bad together mado th»ir raotpo into Aiis^t. Tlio whole of that 
nij^ht and tite tieat two dajra the fu^iiitirra keld oo, tbouRb aan>ly in want 
of food, whon (and h«r« tho chronicler shall t«ll his own stoty, his book 
bebg exceedingly nre) "the E»rl of Kinnoul, being faint for tack of 
ment aiid not ablo to travel luiy fiirth<T, wns IcfV there among tho monn- 
tainm, whero it wax mi^tpoM^l ho pffrislicd. JnmcK Graham had almost 
ramiKhed, Init that lie forttinwt in thi* miserie to light upon a Bmal rot- 
ta^ m thai wUdemesse, where he wao supplied witli some milk and 
br«Ad. Immodifitly aft^r the fight, (^ijitain Andro Monro did wHU- to 
"Sell Miu-kluud. Ijiird of Aisstnt, who luule mi\rricd hid Bl'<ier, desiring 
hint camcitlie to apprehend any that >hould come in hiR tonntrie, and 
chiefly James Graham. Tlie I^rd of Aasiint wna not negligent, but iient 
parties ererywhera. Some of them met James Graham, acoompnnied 
only with one Ttlajor SinclaTO, nnc Orknuy man. Th>< jiiHrti? npprohends 
tliem both, nnd btin;;:* thi'iu to Andwrcck (tlio Laint of Aasint hh clucf 
nvidcDCc). JamM Graham mndo srcnt oScn to tho Laird of Aannt, if 
he would goe with him la Orlciiay, nil which ho roftuod, and did write to 
tlio leivteoant-gmerall, Jniuf* Ginham wax two ntgbtjt in Hkibo, and 
fVom thence he waa conveyed to liraj-n, and bo to Edtnbtirgli. Boitig 
ptvnnted there befoiy> the [larbinient. he was i)ent«>nred to be hanged 
publiclio at tho nierknt cnaae. of Edinburgh, and to be quartered ; hb 
bead to bp put above tho tolbiiith of Eclinbiirgb, where bis vnele (tJie 
Haxi of Oowrie) bU head was fornierlie placed, the yatr one thotuaad 
sixth hundroth ; bis four qiiartora were appointed ta be sent to Qbusoo, 
Stirlin, Saint Johnston, and Ab^rrlmn, ther« to hn hung i^>; and his 
bodie to be buridl in the Borrow-Murf*, where tlio most o<liotn mnlefaty 
torn nro vsuallie han)(ed and buried ; all which wap dowty perfonoed. Ko 
waa executed the twentie one day of May, one iliousand six hnndrctJ) 
nnd fiftie ycarB. lie hiido bin fomicrlie forfiUt«d nnd cscommunii-atwl, 
The minirfcrs dmll^-erie caracstlie witli him to acknowledge hia offence, 
that he might be abeolued from th« drmdrull sentenoe of excommnntea- 
tioii, which bo n-fiiscd to doc, and to di«d obsUnnt. He bade sent a 
seditioiiadivliimtion intoSi^otlnnd tJie preceding wintrr, full of arrOg^uio, 
Beditioii, nnd vain glorlii ; nnd be tiaile caused piinte antj bljitorio of bis 
proceeding!! formfrlit; in Scothuid, fuU of Ue« and untruths. One of thoee 
wu put vpoD cither of hi« 6honIiI«rs wben be va« \-poD Uio loaflbld, 





mUA ware bodi fiin&crik bamt by the band of the luuifnnan. Thus 
IMrmbad Jaibm GnliAia (wnictimo E«rl und Manitiu of Moiitro»), wlirm 
^in kit owa oanoejt) be wm at th« toji of his gloritj; a niau oerbuiily in* 
daed vitii gnwt pfU, ii* Uiey biu)« i'in righUiA imiiloywl." 

Of tlie aany IocIik iu Assynt there are two wbicb, from tb«ir 1>eaut; 
•ad thm aboDiUDce of trout in them, are specially deu- to fiahcrmeiL Loch 
S»f^ ifl Mine four uiles from Loch Inver viUage over the moor- 
Th« walk tna; Iw enlivoood by a glaoce at lite wild dtick vMi hw 
jomg moi fiappia^ dowa (liu dullova of the river, hy piitling uji a Utile 
luuly ut groaH) mhI eolketiiig tbo cbaracterutio pUal« of the locality. 
TU> litOo Beaoitoch U a circular eiioet of water mirrounded by dark 
roeka, and full of vater-tilias, which rim aiid tail on tJie uiimic breesea of 
• muamtr day, and lend aaimatioti to what would otherwtae be rather a 
Anmrj iiMrt. Thv (aah ara of good aize and flavoui', but diUktilt to catch, 
as tb«n t» no boat, and whim hooked fitau the aide they at oow malie 
for th* Uliaa. Kara a pair of black ■throatfvl divon build rc^larly on an 
bitt'; tha faaahi acoma to fly away from her dusky fledgling, hat con- 
tcAto Iwraelf with swimnun^ U> the oppoait« aida as the angler fi«hM on- 
wBid^ «iii ntten loud guttund bnrkB at the intruder. On a rock which 
pwja ci a iUf^itly above the BOiftoD, ■ baaer bUck-bocK-d gull with her 
yOBSK ODD take their stand, in no waya alarmed at tho fixhcnnan'R ap- 
(■oadL Long may it be ere thew) interexting birds are destroyed Or 
ifatna froni their included loch. 

Hal other, or Largs Loch Beonnocb, ia oonsidoi'ably lar;f^, and eon- 
Uiai fleTarK) iiilandH, aooie of which %n well wooded for tltis county, and 
(■a the btreb-trwa of «u« cf Uuae, ofWn at a h«*ght of not more than eiz 
Ciwt» ia a heronry. The neata are built of sticks ami heather, and, ub 
tfaotw ia a boat hon, the omitholot;ist can »p|tro«cb and notloc the uu- 
pittty attitudw ot the old' birds, as the; alight to food the litUe ones ; 
bafe their acreasu are ao harsh that be will soon be ^ad to liwre them 
and low eliewhere to throw lua Hies in {Knoe. Kocky [KiintH, pluiaod 
with boather, jtit into deep water ; aholvee of naturQ't< cyclopcaa nuiaoury 
crap oat aneipootcdly ; blocks, grey nith lichen or wann with vtlvely 
show themaalvEB beta and there above the mrfaoo; hlie« and 
•flafaitaina float in the mimic baya. Foreata of tall gieon n>ed», 
Ukt the papyms, bow before the evening breeie at odo end, where 
the soefMry is almost tropical from the luxurianoa of these woter- 
waadt, and the angler momentarily expects to see the dsfk snout of a 
aoaadib peering; at hini^oc a flock of rioc-birds fluttering orer the rocds, 
BStil ha nuaea his eyes to the banvn Ixckground of mouutains. StORl 
aikd imprcarira are they, with no clamps of palm aaen against a deop btne 
•hy, no inperviomt gieeuviy clothing their sides; mists shroud the £kr- 
ihv gianta, and a few wreatlu of vapour soften the tmaem of the nearer 
UothcchothL A corbiu ulttn hb iU-oumaod cry ov-or a dying sheep, or 
as rnfif^ mUm overhead to its eyrie. Keaoured Uiat he is in " Caledonia 
Blera and wflil,'' the " [uetic chdd " resomea his flilung. 



It 11U17 be that the wind risa and the mfate desoenil In frluming 
Ahowero ot fint) but townnls eveDiog in deoded dog^ rain. With M 
Roderick (well known at Ijoch inver village) as his jpllj, the tmmp 
home acnes the spongy lieathcr may bo tniiob fiharte&pd if tha an^lfr 
judiciotuly leads hhn on to ijxwk of witeliomft and woond-vght lliiilc 
not, oh I tonrist, w>lf-confid«nt in tb« abtindannn of thy gold and tliy 
IMmn of bantAT, to unlock hia " buk« ftiU of browurix toid bogiln " by 
n fpw woffing in<)airifls. The Scolcli peasantry diatrart all marcban 
into tli«ir talfls of the dark ait. The boUof hi thcw Itoi deep in tlicdr anrv 
hMrta, under tbeir strong taraw of religions awfi, and noless Aey meet 
with a iiympathetic oaliire tVty are wry rliary of m inncli as naming 
any noiihflm supmttition. The same distruat and diffidi-noc may bu boph 
in tho fnnling of the anoi^nt (ireelca towards thn Eumcnidcs and tbe 
MyvtcritM, and it is instintTtiTely root«d in human nature. Thn fint 
ni^ht on which Rodaridc carried our Gab from I^och BeuMioc}i be wm 
impenetrBble to taj quwOoDing. Thougli an exeellont fiafaoTman, ha is 
the exact type of a imr, nith his rererent otd-wortd beliefe and Bomewbat 
dreamy oye. S«ott might have dmwn hia Allfkn-Bane from him' — 

A gMj-haJKd (INI : whoM cjo, intrat. 
Wu oa the tlinonrd latan bont. 

Bat to the steady drizzle he replied with an ania»Hl ni^tive to all Our 
[iU|i)trief< whetlier he knev no story of witches and warlocbi, whoae can- 
trips mi^ht beguik- the way. Hpaewivos nod wom<!n who will send n 
farourable wind, Thomoit thv lUiymer or ^Irrliu, Tamlane and tho Fairy 
Qnoen — bad he oover heard of tbi^m 1 ** 'Deed, no, sir ; I did nevor hear 
t«]l of them," and he looked nt in wiUi a aerioux locA, an if ho expooted 
we were not alt<)^hnr "cunny." In despair, wo tcJd him of village 
quisans turning into mawkina (harcK), and vi^ wr»d, of profeasors of 
witchcrafl wo had known, of [nnta^ns and horoscopea, mid all the oom- 
mooplaoce of the wixard's art. He only listened in awestruck silence. 
But he become more at homo when we related how we had onoe met a 
veritabia witch on TweodsidB, evidently proved to be such tecaosp ahe 
was walking without Ijring w#t through a \ToIent thunder shower ; and 
how, noxt day, n tf^rrified hare run under Uie wheels of the carriage In 
whjdi wf drove hard by, and was killed. It was eaay to connect the 
two oceurrenpoe, and a much slighter coincidence in old days would hnve 
BoBBoed to oondetim the pour brldomu. Whun Ruderiik found out^ bow- 
erer, that wo wci-c to b« trusted, n nigiit or two iift-'i-wards bo tw-atod M 
to ft choioe display of witcbci-aft, »nd tipoke with amusing force and evi- 
dent oonviotion, tlie cliarm of which we d(«]iair of conveying to our 
i«aders. He began by instancing the wit«b of Kudor (bang like all 
Sootch pea«ant« w^-read in tbe Sci-ipturra) ; and on our rejoining that 
veotriloquinn nufj^t ocoount for the words of Samuel, and reminding 
liim thai nfter all Saul in not said to have »wpii the [irophtft, he an^wtved 
CftmwUy, " The men of tlioae da>-8 weie vtry big and wild f^owv ; Ixii 
tbcre is witcbee about BtUJ, in many pinoee." 




bim DOW iocUoed to bo rommtinicstive, wb turned tlno cou- 
Um ULor Venn (or Big Wih^), ono of the cnriotiitieH of 
Butberhnd^iro witcbcnft. Od« 8nnb Benn {aliat Big Uenn or 
lVili:fa fienn) Heenu to luve lived nfiar Cup* Wrath xboat Uie bejjuming 
«C Ihi* «ttCur7, ftnd to li*ve been reoowu«d for lier muny " cnntrips." 
Thm eom n a it m t of tboae wu to enil La nn cuDfity oggKbetl to Stomoway 
0|)|niUe. At IcO^Ui, four younf; moB eeiiM her, and u they could not 
kug ber tn tbe ordinftry wny (whicli u Mid to b# impMuiKlo in Ht^ cnae 
of a witcfa), tliey. wiUi murh cru«lt/, pnmad ■ rope under hor own door, 
aftd imuiti^ il rouitd bur odvk on tliti oiitisdo, |iiiIiod it from within, ifaiu 
rtfBOfling ber oa ber own doorstep. " J did Icnow ous of theta myself," 
miitd Bod«riclc ; " he was oiled Borj McLeod, an oUl wliita-headed 
psB,*Adba l)v«d loBgnftinrberninrdor; but what wm vwy romarlublo, 
mam of Iho nat ewu* to tt qui«t end — econo were dtownod, Knue killed 
oAor wajK wboteflcr." 

W* vmtaied to iiit«rrupC, aud naSt wJiether they vere vver tried for 
tlM nttrder. fioduick'a recital was so aio^ar, was told wiib sndi e«r- 
BMtat^ of belief^ mxA is no aioiuun^jr rcpugiuuit to tbc bonstod critical 
momauBj of the preset day, that it ia worth whlta (at tUn risk of nppenr> 
isg 1B ateol Mr. Black's st^ Ic) to mt it forth an otoaely aa may bs in bis 
9WB v9f«U. Still it laf-ka tb« intensity of bi^ TitterAnc« ; and tbe im- 

■TBHenny in whidiitwu told, of course, grmtly enhanced itHaflfect. 

"QU MoIiOod uf titr\-ao, in UoHiBhirD, you must know wiui Tcrf iati- 
with lltn wilcbea at hiK liRut, and OKpedally with the inotbcv of tbe 
Venn; Ixit bow, I did not bear whateflbr. Welt; be waa t&ken 
Toy iU. Ue bod bwn a soldier, and had bod u pioco of one of his ears 
•bM off ta the wan with Napolwti. Uo was dying before long, aud watt 
mt SI that oDB of Uw McLcoda wau acnt over to Loch Inver to tol) of his 
appnaaUiif d«atb. He lind • foiy Iwg walk over th« bills, and it was 

!a tmey nM(^ night — 
'Hui aiijLt H cliiM lai^t otxlnrriand 
Tilt dtil had buaiiiMW ob hit luad. 
WtUt mw, at Altiiui (that ia, tbo Long Bunt), balf way between Inohua- 
dampb and AUnagelUgaeb, aome twen^ miles up this fery road, hn 
watknl o'crr ihr bridge and beard aome one aayinx, ' Wv'U manaKO ye, 
I>4tiald ; well uaaa^ ye ; woU tak' ye.' He look«d and saw two witeh<« 
duia^ m the midiUe cf the mad before him, laoulding an Imago of c4Ay, 
wUdh waa all sturk over witli iiiiis ; * but, aoaiebow or other, tbey could 
■**erx*t tha tip of tha ear, which had b<wn shot olT, yoa know, to stick 
en Id iheir image. X>ona.ld waa a frr>' strong man whatoder, and niahed 
M Utvm, and fcnuckfld tlu^m both over. Then he aeixod thoir iin«^, and 
* m* pan of the K«ty n«y tis coniiaMd with ihn b«vit<-liing orsirQwir^ Msk- 
wM, ia 1<W. vli^ ■ j«mt eir) naintd JaasC Donglas divulgod ihot a coruin vidaw 
b^ «• ham* ttf •"it (Icofiie, ifarvia tkronfili vith pifw, in ■ holo tmblti') brr lltx. •Sha 
•u tnnt ta dsMh temtton Myt{Ait4AMitjf of JitiamtMy, i.tMf>.S\, "Tha tlenri'B 
• art nut) limu •era, If U li* pomiliU, Ibaa li* kiiaMlf, m £m»LQi 


being ie>^^ 
it, and ha^l 

ran with it liome to Girran to UcLmmI ; for, luing wilcbm. tfavj' oouid 
not cron tbe rutuung water of tlio buni. Uv took H up to tbe cluunber 
wluM hit maitar lay, And ffivit it to him. First thtj drew out ono vvry 
Ug pin Ctom bb hoirt. I miud those hig pina wdL Ho wm at onc» 
mocb belter. 'Hiea the/ took out th« acuUler odob, oba aftor (be other, 
each giving liim greater reli<tf, till at lei^th, on tbe last one being ie>j 
moved, li« wiu quite wdi. 

" About the •ane time, McLiwd one nigbt nont a acwant Co '. 

on an errand. The man rather bong boek. It waa a vild night, 

would have to erw» the I'aia, which ia alwaya a ntiadiancy jiver, with 

many dangers round it of ford and evil things. MoLeod noticiMl bia 

hesitation, and roared out at him. ' Tak' the gray horse, and the deil him- 

■df will not atap yv I ' lie took it vrith k»li- misgivings, and roiiQ into. 

tbe darknees tUl he n«u<hed tlte ford over tho Tain. In tbe nldst of this 

lie found his bridle ooiied by two witches, one on each side. Says b«^| 

(for he waa fery bold), 'I have beenwaitiug to see you of Uiis longtime.* 

Snys they, ' And we are fery welcome to aee you ; all you have to do is 

to sign your oamD in blood in this panhment book in the name of tbe 

devil/ Well, h« did not make mora ado, Imt took a. [M>n and prickod 

himself till tbe blood came, and then, laying the book open on tbe saddlA 

brforo him, was about to wrtt«, when all at ouco he gave the gray a slap 

behind with his open hand ; up be xpning, fur in the air, and threw down 

ttoth vitcboH into the water, and thim sprang round and aped home like 

the wini], while the man held the book tight undttr hin arm. He was 

aooQ at McLeod'H houne, na you may stipixwe, and gives him Uie lKX>k. 

He opens ^ and, beliere ni«, blt,"— here it is lio|>ekas to flxpresa ihe 

myBtarioiw tooei and agitated manner of iJoderiok as be held up his 

band, with ch»e-sct Upa and sturing eye* — " heliovu mc, sr. there waa 

the names written therein of all Che Hchost women of lUss-ahirc Yes; 

bu had lli(*ffl all down tliero ! Slclicod next ])roc1aimod on the enstnng 

|£abbatli. in tbe kirk, that if any harm were done to him or bis by 

P'Witchee, he aboiUd know who hiul done it ; and sure enough no harm 

waaever done him. Ha was ret^ intimate, sure enougti, with tbe witches. 

" Kow when thi' young men who had murdered tlio Mhor Venn 

and taken to pHson, nothing oould save tbem. Bring, howevt 

aeo of HcLeod of <3irran, Boo-abire, tiiey managed to send a man 

^to tell him of thdr pligbt'and ask his help. McLeod'a wm met them out-_ 

itde the wuidov of tbe room in which his father sate, and aflra- baoriE 

tbo stot7, shakos his bead and says nothing can be done. His (atlier : 

side anw thifl, and hitching up bis troiuwrs — Ibey all wore slKirt tr 

then^-came out and said, < Yes ; it oan he done, and It cball be dooe.* 

Acoordii^ly he went to the eourt, and there produced the image and tbe 

book, and of course they got off at once." 

How WL' longed UuU. Sir Waller Soott had ever met Tt'xierick ! ^^^H 
would ccrtiiinly liav« been ittmortaltud. Fioding him in tbe vein 4gH 
continue tJiase eerie recilals, we eocounged him to tell about the mother 
of tbe Mhor Venn. " She was sent to prinon, sir, after this, to Domocli, 

nr A8STJ1T. 


Efar ■ whole ymr she neitho* ata, rli-ank, noi- B]»oke, but remiiiQed 
ag oa her stidc, thus — " %nd bo came to a bait in the rais, Icuning 
tfoa IIm Uadbg &ct. ** It voa a great woadnT. Well, vlten at httgth 
■obody could Boak* bar «[ienk, a jrounj; miniater ts3t<l, ' I am sure I can;" 
m b» vmt, anil what be said I nrvrr could rightly Imtr, but Hbd 8pok«, 
nd Itw fint vorda ibe aaid -wen, ' Thou luuct rloc<>iviMl m», devil, uy- 
^^ia^ tliat BO am bom of living woman oniild ever make me qcak ! ' ' Oh, 
^^p» 1 b» baa twt dccflived you,' said -the young miDuiter, ' for my moUi«r 
^HSw4 jnrt befom I waa boni on Oia island in Loch Nem.' So aaying, h« 
^P^kinl avay bar atidc. mud ab*; Tdl to tbir ground a beapofduKt" 

Uavlaf duly tliarvWI<^ iit Ibis ctory (Ui« Jenouemfttl of wlucli «rill 
■MDiwt Um raadiFr of onn of JC^ar Foe'ti ?'«&« of Myttery), wo hamnlvd 
U* brtcrodox oplaiaa iJiat tbero wpro no wttcbm in the land at pnaent. 
** Ah, bat tbore is tJKW^ ! " anawnvd nodrrneic, with gnM anim^ 
tun, *' thare ia wjtehaa in the Lewm for all UihI ; Now my aon Roderick 
— any yous^cat •(«. wlin ia twvnty-ono ovxt month — waa last y«ar nt Uie 
haniB* fialwf^ at PntMrburgb. One 'n^bt be wimt ashore, and met a. 
■trawgW vonuui and man walking. They did stop, and did ask who be 
waa a»d wbftr* be Hit] «iui« from. ' Ft«m Loeli Inv«r,' sa}'8 ho. ' And 
ao ik> W9,*mya tboy (which waa nngulur as \w did never aet nyea on them 
Wnw). 'Oomo with ii*, and wc vill ^ro you a drink — ' of l>eor, or of 
^_ nm, or at whEaky, or of ffin, t do not ri^^tly mind which it vaa whnt> 
^Brfk. You mniA know, ur. that each boat, at tbe herrin' fishery time, 
^V Cafai a wvioan tu board to raok meat and wuth for them ; tbetro vill bo 
^E Watty wamen i^ to km in this manner. Well, tbry di<l nsk my aon at 
tbe teveni, * I>>d yoa have good luck vith tl>e Iwrrin' to-dny T' * No ; 
tcttImL' • Did you yoe««rd*y 1 ' * No ; won* again.' ' Ah ! but,' aaya 
Am, * joa vill hava to-morrow.' Well, icatv enough, lie did fill hia boat 
day with fcty many cran» of herrin', and did get l^L for liis abara 
floaday. It waa a wonderful thing. But he did t^'ll me tlint f^Id 
did do htm no good ; b« had no idm how it did g«t 8i«nt wbntAlTcr. Thnt 
d^ ba did go looking about aftfv tbe nuo and woman all over, but he 
did Bavor tr» them apkin ; 1 did not bear of bia ever again seeizu; them. 

"'Kodcrick !' 1 isoid to him when be told me, 'Roderick I I do ho^e 
yon will nevor again have anything to do with theno witohea.' ' No, 
btbw; I fill Mvwagain, ao long aa [ do live.' He bt away to Froaer- 
hm^ tiria year again, 

•• I did b«BLr of another witch in tbe i^fven ftflAen year ngone. Hhe 
Ural at Bt m no w a y ; and did wtl winds to aulora. One of our Loch 
Iimr boata did not get away thnt antumu for weeks. The wind wiu 
atwmj* ited against thrm. Well ; they did go to her, and wbHt tJiey 
|»id bar I did not bear, but nhe pve them a black string tied with three 
kboU, and bud, ■ Wll be (fctting awa' to-morrow. Now, if tho wind ia 
not atroctg onongb, looca ooe knot ; if even lb«i it ia not enonf^b, luoso 
Ibe aaoond ; but, oo your life ! on yonr life I dtntm looae the third I ' 
Walt, t^ got off flitrf enough next morning with a fair breeze ; and 
ikm Iba tki|ip«r loond otw knot. On tbe boat spnwg, and tbe wind 


P* ASSTim 

row. Hood be looml tfac feooDi), noA dicy tore am the wnrr«, and ven 
v*ry soon ovct the Mtneh nwit Loch lawr. Thoj- got ta ttw imtmiuw of 
thv linriiotir, lunr the new Mma boum — ye keo It T on tlie rigbt — and tb« 
Aki|)por ■ayS) ' We're n'riobl now ; if tbd jeil bimself M-iiliaUoda me I 
■vill looM the third ! ' He (lid \o<»e it, nad though sa twor boms, Uto 
boat only got asbore id littlo bits I She vas ftltogother hrakon up '• ThB 
men v«re nil saved." 

Ibe Uttie inn st Int^in&damph now niiis in aigfat, wiUt its R^w wih- 
tnca abiiung in tfao gpncml outlook of viibrr iind innt. Rud^irick frnnid 
tim^, hovwrm-, to tell m thitt thn fonntv lundtord an«A <diM a hw*, on ■ 
mrHinliun xidf, overluuigiii^j ii little coUnge luwi*. TIir aninud meajMd 
mnmtled -, but the iromaik who tenanted tbe ootu^, Ebpocb McK«uae, 
beoame ill and took to her bed. Doily aha grvw worse for moip nonthe, 
and Itotk-rick bad binuelf «e«u her wbni " vi-ry ill whnteSH'." At longth 
■ho died, (uid tho wonm who cuuc to pvi-fomi ihc iMom<ary offivtm found 
hot loga riddled with tbot, th« mull shot HliiniDfr jw blue in tbem. 

Witli sitcb takw will nn »gtA gillv U^nilo tite way Tor tJie Htif^lM- in 
ARtynt) if t)i» Bporteioan poeoees the art of ^inin^ the man's eoiifideiMe. 
Th>iiir storied were told the wriim- in .lidy Inat, au<l toatify to ii mnrvvlloas 
taam of rapenliUon and tniditiua omrlnyiog the QacUc mind, on wbteh 
tlkP tiupontruotaro of retigton in built almost nxcliuively, in outlying dte' 
InctH. by varcfnl atudy of tbe Word of Ood. Tt is Uii* Bible refuting 
wbiob liAA gi\vii tlio Scottish chanuitM- tlw Bte*d£istne« lUid gntvi^ 
whii^h it Ims [Mxuented tdnoe the daya of the Covmmnl^n. 

Tbfl ucntion of Altnoi bum reminds uh tJiat anobbor kind of witcb* 
emft floiiriahed there tbia iRimnuT, as w were wont to crow it, in Order 
to fisb liOch Awfl, attended by n stahmrt young gilly of vwy irapneBtUft 
ago, and halted at tijn«a to dub the whi^Jcy in onr llaidc with the 8[)«rib> 
ling streams tluit oddiod over th« brown rack;!, and caniiod the goldea 
gnrel at tiMni' eip! to Saitb like iinoortaiQ fairy gold. It was ocrtdloly 
as vnoanny fi|M}t to Ronuld. His bodtt hftd been pitfixxd, not by afty 
maliglLant twilight lieklaine, but by a comely liuaie with baiv ankles and 
loueoly aoooded hair, who wa.-) daily buoiod " basins the pent " lUDODpt 
the little stacks on am- tight. An artuitic eye could not help notidng 
the flusliing of Uiosu ankln H^turt tbo binck heaps of pnai ; hot we moo 
Mkw poor Koniii<rii oheok cbaUfl* valour uo hv aw bi»r — perhaps uuraelvee 
hating been winged witJi a kindred Huiic in th« soutit counlTT — while 
(be laaw waa evidently pbnwd to dmw never by ten ynrdis and ex' 
ehaiyp} (hh our etvtwhile lowr'a eye totd aa) the least gtanc* d mupctby 
with tha blttaliinj} Bonald. It waa tbe Ciiiy tale of youth and bofie told 
OTcr ngaio in the sunshine of this lovely Uii;hlan<] ntialb, and the : 
instantly aaao into our mind— 

Ax kirl iw nl iwrkn, ■•tcw'er jr inMl mr. 
Oun t7 Bit at Ihanjlli (bul m mmI nn a Ciw : 
Bnl Hial mn ■ hlHlk n' yrn' : i,'k «m, 

\H look M ya «(a< . i IU(. 

Y*t look aa jra Vnre an iuiLJa' ti no. 



We tnutt Uiul tSfiUSm wilt cow appUud us for tlie virtuous actioa 
of CtOffing •very tim^ wp pntscd nnd, even vhcn the flju;k wa£ drj', 
drinking nooonacionalile dmughts of ttio col<l water in tlie hed of the 
etreaia, while Bonaltl, on the stone briige above, had thus time (as we 
Bseettained by Tom of Coveotry'B peeping «Tift) to reply, with many a 
'Wave of tliG iLond, to the blcxiniing danmors salutations some huudtcxl 
yards oS ia Uie wet [icnt hag. IIqw op|>ortuiio must he hnvo thought 
our thirst ! May Otiniuia Ai>lii<odiU> )>c j)ru[)itiouM to us iu liku n<;!(td ! 
Uow ea^ to fiicture, wh^n far away, tliat they are uov luppily niat-ried. 
Boaald biui & Sbvf savingK, w« diK»vered, aud Lhoui;h Ui« giil'a father, 
douhtleiM name neighbouring Hhephcrd, would depi-ecatc a hnsty match 
(ever)' true love ou^ht to he croased at least once), she would be sure to 
vin cousolutiou from Lei' mother, if the old Border song be truo^ 

Ont spnk the brido'i mitlm'. 
"Wluit ilcll dmUb a' itia priJo t 
1 liail tm a ]ilnck in my poucb 

The tiijtht I via a t«ide ; 
My go'B'a TTiitt linacjT'WixiliiBj, 

And tie'cr a tark ava' ; 
And yn tini- Fili1ii>n« nnil baaktna, 

Maa thun unt or Iw*." 

At all event«, these are pleanant dream* of what ia going ou in Aasynt 
in Xovvmbcr, when inns ai-o cIosH.-d, tuunats unktiowti, vwry mouatAin 
8iDOtli(>i¥<d ill 8110W, ftt>t) iIk'- ULiLtl »ii-t, thai mth difficiUty witidii aloug 
thv road At tlieii' baae, to deliver the few letters that in winter cheer the 
sativei*, alwayit has » !<uddlu under ihe seat, fio that whcu the drivei- is 
stopped (u not unfrequontly Iiappena) by snow-drifts, he may mount tJis 
horse, put the ba^ on his aaddle-bow, and abendoniug the " machine " till 
h«ttei- tim«H, make his way, iLalf-froncn, to the nc«i-e«t clochan for shelter. 
80 ue invariably stoppod at Altnoi dming our sojourn in the sttiith, 
and after a decent interval, unauapticti^, went uii wittchiiifj Itoiutld's lip« 
move, and helped by Clough to interpret their seDtiment : 

" Stan Uat. ciUe<j LooaeA ! " 

"Thftt was the Gaelic, it Botmptl, for 'I bid you Circwell, bonnie hude ! ' " 
(TV JJorty (/ Toher-na-Tuodcfi.) Andtlieriwe iTiiHc.hii>voii!ily whistled, 
lioping that Ronald did not know the Lowland 8on^ — 
Alae' mj aan, yuu liuln knuiv 
The aorrova tliiit from vMllodc flow. 
FoKwell M uri?r7 (luy vt vmb. 
When fon tuvo jtott«n a wifv U> plxiea I 
Sno bide yna y^ awl bidr juu ;ct, 
Vs liUlo kon wlint'ii lu batuio ^u yl; 
T&c half af tlut trill naxig yan gtt, 
If a waywari wife oVtain jou jet I 

Witli which Sutherlaudshire idyll our reoumaccucOH of Asayiit may Wdl^ 



S^yt iToiiiftu-jFiunfaUe. 

Tbb otiguifl or the nntiotml Lbeatre of Fmace are remote And maaifold. 
It vns not nude io a day, uor vna it llie woi-k of & single man. To ny 
Mtbii^ of Ui« fact tb«t • new literature had to be CTMted to make its 
fooadatiOD denmhte, its Infttitution was the mult of wviTal 'listJnrt ]irO' 
CCMW of rnmliinnbiou and oniinilation, ext«i>diDg over « toug {wriod of 
jnus and dc&ling with a vast qoontity of 'K-ld&acattcrcd and beteto- 
gmeotu material ; and tlte privilegas of monopolir and state piotectton 
w«r« nocMBary to iIa veU-bung trota the time of its establiahnMut in ita 
pfMsot lUrenen. The project has b»Q often mootod of endowing Eog- 
l&iid witli n national t^t^fe : It is not iui|)OKai bic but tjic idea may tak« 
shape <jf aoine aOrt uftcr nlJ. And, with thus mndi in riew, it may bo 
neither uiiiuteresting nor unprofitable to trace tlie ntory of w)mt wonld 
be our patteiTi institntion, from its bq^innin^ downwarde to thoee latar 
and not Ina bonotirable dcTcIopmenta tliat Are uokt and fainiUax to 


TbeTh^tro-Fran^aiiiinHwe know it, is the foundation of I»uiflXIV. 
Into his work he put whatever was wortli pnserving of the three chief 
theatres that kept Farin in amowment durinff the first eighty yeus of 
Um BOT«nt«entb Odntury. These three theatres were that of tbe Hdtel de 
BooiffOgnc^ that of the Uaraie, and that one ejtablisliBd by MoliAte, at 
the H£t«l <[u PHit - Bonrlion fint of all and afWwardt wttJiin the Falaia 
Koyal, and ti-anpifenwi at his death, by bia fric»d and eonirado Ea 
Grange, to the Hi^tel tiutoi^ud. 

Of them three, the oldnt and in aome ways the most irapi»taiit, was 
the th«atro of the H6t«1 de Bourgogne, aitaate in tltc Rue filaueonaeil, 
and owing its cziMeDce to tbo liiatriumc initiatit'c of the Brotlierhood of 
the Paaaon. At what moment thif initiative began is not preciwly 
dstermined, dociimcntuty VTideueo in tfae matter going Inek no furthor 
than 130S, when tlie Provost of Paria forbade the Brotherhood's pei^ 
formanccs within his limite. In IMi, howdror, tbc Rrothera goc a 
charter from Charles VI., authorising Oisir anoctation and establidiSMnt 
a» actoni in Parie. Their first t>taf:e watt orvctoii in the great ball of tfae 
Has]>ital of the Trinity, wtiern they lM>^rait by playing mysterim, and went ou 
presently to play farces tm veil. They filled it for 137 years, and had ita 
privQeges confirmed by letteiv jiatest tnta FVanci« I. in 1SI3. In 1533 
thay shifted their scene to tJie Hdt«l de Ftandie ; and in 1548, io tl» 




by rovat ortler of that refugs, they \nttvhia«H a 1wge slice 
'the I]r>tcl de BonrKOgne, uiiocciipird ninm Uit- (loath of 
C6*tW ft« BoM. And ffotw eotirdy to rain. In tLf> s&m« ^ear tiie? goi 
A ean&nnmtitm oT their privllego from tiie Parliunenl, nnd were graiit«d 
ft BHSwpoly of Parisiati tlimtricaltt. Ute only condition iinpoHetl was to 
Ifae flflbet tluit the snhjecta or their pUya ebonld be no lutifrcr takon from 
dia SeriptOTHi; so Uwt, though this conditioii swma to haw bfcn inter- 
t»«ted with gnai &oedom, 1548 may he regarded m tbo bui1i-yf«i', not 
oolf of tlin Fiwnrli titaf^. hut rIbo of t)i9 French SM-idnr dmniii. lA'ttani 
plenl fn>m HonH TI. (ir>:>4 »a<\ ir>:>0) und rroin Oh»r)r.H IX. (UiGd) 
MU b luJiftd the Brothen yt-t m<>n> tinoly iu their pincc i nni! from liiiu of 
the Sunt BarthulomBW, like kll the Valoia an arliat to hia finjiier-eDdH, 
thqr Roaral material eoconnt^mfiit nf Aome value. Tboir influflnco 
ftbovt this titu« VM non« the I«es u)>on the wane. He spirit of change 
vrai abtowl The KetiniNuiiicf> liad uiadw meo literary and inloleraDt of 
jg^Onnee; tlio good Brothen were tuiltittorcd and cODeemtJTv, imd 
tfcdriitBpJe Ml, dfudainMl of tha ictudiou* and son'oii:! onthiwiaKta into 
offoalKui with whom it had niirTive<l, had outlived ilx mtuuiM and 
to filoelioh, and was foumi no mora aecoptohla llieir ttroes and 
■Doralitim vif-re trvatcd an nieiv hurseplay and foolery — &a</i'nm?4 et 
fiJHn ; a&d at the rarious collffpM about them Ronsard and hia follavrin^ 
wt pnttiDif before the very pnhlio which had applauded tluna pieoM 
aatt^iw in into^at and novel and ambJtioiui in firui, and war* doing 
tbait BtBWtt to shatter into nulLingaeu tho reejNH-Eiible tradition they 
bad vorkeil u hard and bo long to eatiibliih. Natnralty the Brothera 
took to alanding on thvir righta and dcA-nding their pontion. Backed 
hy the I^ltament, thny tdiut up a theatre of farcA, oj^med iu 1971 ; they 
4ra>«« errr the Alio in \^7G the &nioufl Italian eumpimy called the 
Galoii, though it had letien patent from Heiii-i III., and bad been iium- 
UHmad hy him to amnae into inaction the St&tm-GcnonU of Blou, and 
«a> ooBpoaed of artirta of the stamp of Ftaminio Soala and of Onbriel of 
**T^*g'^. creator of the type of Francatripfu \ they expelled tlie c»|>ital 
in UM • provindal eonp&ny that had Tentaivd to quarter itMlf at the 
BAtd de Cluiiy. But thao movM arailed Ou^m nothing. Tho Italian 
HMn oanM back on ihedr hands again and yet again ; they could get no 
WMJMIJ Bmait frooi the poeta, and the public hod grown tired of them ; 
\\m iiilwilll and the strrtl!<>Ta wnre better liknl tlian they. Tlioy ended 
tgrlMiaKWiw asil prnvidcnt ; in lo8.^ thny tot tltetr stage to a oompany 
of aeUxa better qualified to a<loni it than thenwelreaf and th««e, afW 
•rfoSMBta and petiljoiui and devioea innauomUe, Bocoecdcd (1676) in 
dtqnaaBBg them of their thentra. 

At th« datp of its cenion the play-howie appears to have been in no 
■ortof gCMl K^rnto. It waa thoroughly out of repair; it had cmhwI tho 
qnaKfleaboo of a " ohnqua et BaiaoD de Satfaao ; " its aadiencaa, 'tia aaid. 
w«r» wast to aManble nome two famus or n befiini the cnrtaio roae^ and 
loapoad the iatsml in dicing immodaat talk, gluttony, drrinkennBB, 


THE C03l£Pl£-FJlU^VAJSa 

umI uth«r plMsing iwitimeflL Tbe new tcnAnt* do not Mem to bave 
awBeteafld U« fkme, and tlu^ soon j;ot isto trouble of fwotlier Kirt. 
After euieftCnriDig Majrenne uid tbe Lngue, tboy wore oo the pcuat (rf 
aneinft their occnpfttiaD gooe and their tooia fiUed wiUi a JesaitB' oolite. 
Xlvari IV., bovrover, got tb« ttp|>er haiwl of tbe Lcuf^c, ftad us li« lond 
to Iftu^ and amtiau hiuuelf, tlie actora weal oo pbtyiug ia aafvty. In 
■afety, if not in peucv. Impudent strollers iumstcd on opeiung pUy- 
houaea at the fiiira ; a whole «loud of theatres, ineltKling tliat of tlw 
Slaraii^ cane into beini; and nction about tbetn ; and thoo^i, by peroiv- 
ontio^ tlieee Tvlentleesly, and by riipdly euToreinfc Uia teniia of their ino&o- 
poly, they sncoeeded in keeping themBclveit at the bead of things, and in 
ttuilung their rivslfl a aouroe of incomo. tfaey did not succeed in keajni^ 
tJM gronod to thcnimtlv-w, For (bo ittOiu<.'Qt this vma of litUo c<hu*- 
qoeiioe to them. 'ni«y vere soocwsfaJ, ami th&t was euougb. iCnriched 
witb a royal grant of 12.fK)0 livres a ymr, in 1620 they called thenwelyeB 
tlto" Cot])6diutsdc r^tito royalv," And they were pKsmtly knovn as the 
Tn>ti^>e Koy>ilt^ — tb« Ro\'a1 Company: * title to wbidi they liad evw/ 
rigbt, and out of tbeir pride in whi«b ihvre prooesded not u littLu of 
the mu^icioii and enntcuipt they vtav afterwanU to bestow on tho pif^ 
teaaioDii of Iblnliciv. 

They be^iiui bv [tla,y iii^ liiivc- On ibtni- Btag« at one time or auoUter 
figured the aocompU^hcd buSoons kauvn to fiune aa 1>u-lupio, Brosoam- 
bill^ Croa-GniUanine, GiUinotta lu Galinv, (iSau]bior-(f&i-;;uillc, Dame 
Oigofn>«» and Ouillot-CIorju ; ^ingon to a tmui of qucKtiooAblo eongt, aod 
artiata of <iuMttiuuahle modesty. But (^idually tliuy luio to lii^^er 
Uiin^ ; tlivir speuiality got to bo th» art« of trH^^dy ami ttitgi-ooDiedy. 
Uereiu tbey were unriraUed. Bellentoc, Uie player whom Ricbelieu, a 
passionate lover of the theatre, did not diiidrdn to provide with apparoli 
vrsa cbeir miuiaiKO' fi'oiu 1C^9 to 1613. MvutSeury, of the uountain- 
bolly, an ancestor of tbe illUBtiious Usn^vitle; Bollemore, tbe Miies 
tilurioHUH of lu4 epoch; Beauch&teau, a butt of MoU^tB ; Hauterocbo and 
Ve Vtlli«ra, tho anthor-aetun ; Sayuiond Foissoo, poet and player, the 
original CriKpiii, whom naturalnois was envi«d uikI adnurdd by tiie 
maker and civabur of tiganunJIo Limsflf; AJiajo, ibo iliil«rt of the com- 
pany, fjLtnous in old women, and in uui«i-« imd t»erviuitit ; Br^'oourt, tbo 
Duttrhmiin, deaporado and ruffian, dioer and driukni-, udrenturer luid artist ', 
tbtt illuvtrioua Joaaa da Sonlaa, Sieur de Pi-tmefoiiae, altod Floridor, tbe 
moat aouomplisbed tragedian of his decade ; Marie Deimarea, better 
known m Mdlk-. dc Chauipnteal^ ; Mdlle. Beauprt, one of thn firnt 
wonen to npjwaj- upon the boorda, and aunt of thcMarotte Beituprv w|io 
fought a ilue) with Ctttlienne ckv Urits — all tJiMeartiols figutwl, early or 
lute, on tbn stage uf the Hutd de Bt^nrEOfCHA Tbut stages ujonso%-cr, 
waa actually tbe sta^ of Cimta, fit Horace, of i'^ftmetr, *nd was 
pivauitly to be that of Mir/iri'fatr, and of /'AA/r«, at>d an tUu uui-- 
seay, if not uctoally tJic birtb|ilave, of French tni^ly, it wtu n &t«go 
with a tmditiun and a ir^iutatiun. It in, iwleed, the parait abim uf 

iix XhctLtre-FrAn^ais. Ite company was ud asaocitttou fonnod for the 
Rcting of pliiys, KbiLring ite pntfita and espeasHi dikv by ilny und ywr l>y 
yoar, helling itn vacuiicieti at higb pricra tor the cotamoti wvnl, |iTt»untiQg 
the b^rs of Kuch of itci oasomtcs as died to banicea with a sufficieiKj of 
piatoUs to indunaifyUinnfortlieir loiu,plHyinfj;ltiittlu-icr< n wook.wtting 
the e!tain|>le io tlteatrioal pn><xidiire.nailfxert-biiig indltputitble ntithoritj- 
in stA^ qtKwtiODfl and in nil iuatt«ni coniioctc<l witb tiie lui of ti-itgody. 
Raciov, b«&icnded liberally and sJDccrdy by Molitre, took over to tbp Hotel 
4e Bon^OKDC hia !Mxx)iid piny, nJtbough it was already oaat, mounted, 
and rchcoiDcd by the company of tlio Palais-Koyal. Th» best poete were 
proud to write for it. Tbc elucutioDnry system of Mdlla^ d» Champ- 
metd^, wLo bcQuno one of tic orijonal awociatea of tbo ThtttiW-Pran^iB, 
was a tradition of bistriouic srt till Adricune Lccouvrcur replaced it 
vritli ber own ; and tho naino of ]VIic)i«l Buruu, who l«ft l^ti Gnuige in 
1073 to join the Koyul Compflny. is graitfat. in bljo early huitoty of the 
Frwndi stage. 

The Maraia theatro was of iuQnitaly Icks aotbonty, tlioiigh 'iwaa 
actually from ita boards tlmt t.hv cIh&sic comedy, blio cloieic trugody, and 
what is now called tho 3poct£«nlar dmmn, wore intruducm) to Kraoce 
and 9uch of the world ns ha.4 h^o Bxamplffil by Iipi*. 0{N<a«rd 80iiiewlie>re 
iu blie latter yean of the nxtccntb oc-atiiry, iiud nflMted from, time to 
time by actors in revolt ngnini^ tb« tymnny of thn H6tel do Boorgogne, 
it aoqiiired no K«,l important niitil 1629. Tlie quarter, abominably 
{nved atid iigliled and silmitt; fdar from tba iiiodinli [iart& of Paria^ wmf 
a qaarter in ill nputo ; it waa infested with eat-pursps and cloak- 
anatcbcra, with blackguard sworLlei-s and disrepii tabic women ; and odly 
in ita nauMd trnnis-oouric — the rcfugo in ihosc days of BtroUcre aoekiug 
ft local hatiitaLian — ^could room l)0 found for siicli iic'ti>r»iiui stoo|iod to its 
u«. In 1839, howover. MHiCr, tlic fimt playof tlii! illustrioiia Curaeille, 
wa« produced io th« Ituo HaaoooMil, upporcntly tliruugh the iutluenoe 
of the celebrated Muntdory. Tki*: notablo man, a grent actor and ati 
»bb raanagGr, wan cltlof of a (xmijuiny of strollnrs, knew Ooi-neillo ab 
Rouen, atid waa the nMuu of iulivduciu^ liiu to lame. He took 
JtSHx iram the Koyal Company and playotl it lor hima^lf in the Mftniis. 
In 1633 be and hia foUowcrs were eetabliHbvd in tbo FuimtAin Tumitf 
Court ; lUid in HJ33, ]>iolected by lUchoIiou, who oatwimed him greatly, 
bo waa able it\ Knap Iiia Gugtirs at a pArliametitiiiy niiiudatt> oidei'itig biiu 
to diwontinuc bis potfonnanocH, wbicb bod dieigiiated tJie ijdinbitantA of 
the street by renaou of tb« noiiie and crowding attendant on tbem. In 
tbo Mine ytttv Louie XIIL— powibly to annoy iticbeUeu— drafted six uf 
his iKwt nctom into the RoyiJ Company. Bnt Moutdoiy, who waa a 
troop in himwlf, and who had still the aervicra of Flondor, Bellemorc, 
and De ViUiers, eatabliahed bimiielf in a tennis court iu the Ktie Vicill«> 
(la-Temple. The public loved and odmiivd him greatly ; h<; wiut very 
notably proteotod ; hn pi'oduntd i^ood pioMW, aiid tnoimted his ptTiductiom 
with exceptional tact, and elcill ^ and lie siiccftedanl splendidly. ScarroD, 



Jbftvt, Triiitau rHflrmibo, and Scnd6ry were amotiK liw Buthon, 
OotneiUe^ aft«r givins lum Xo OaUrit du i'oAiM, and L'lUutioH 
CoHUfMB — K pby Tevivc<t in our own tunc, for M. Ool to emit* knew 
tad with extraordinai? humniir and ut tlie ori^tuU [i«rt of Bellemo t a ■ 
g&ve him the CiJ (1636), and tli« year afterwiuxiB th« Bnooeu of tbtl 
tamoax pUiy was almcwt eclipsed by tbat of l>istan's Jfariamtu. Tbe 
cfloot produced by SloaHory'B lloro<l aeetna to ham bom akiti to tbat 
produoed oo oonteiDpofary aiidionceti by Haktni's Conrtul. UnhappUy 
the jiait wM M trontendoiix in it* iiaality u to cuet PartH hsr grcatMt 
actor. Jlontdor}- woh ntnick down with BpQf>lasy nStar o, pcrlbmumse 
of it, aad i-osq a panUyLic. A& lie was a favourite with Kiobelieu, tbe 
courticra were Ubci-al to him iu the ma'cer of pensions ; he retired worth 
10,000 UvrC6 a j«ar. With him iho theatre lost its vogue. Tragedy 
aad comedy oeoaed to be proper to ittt arti>t« ; and though CometUe 
reiuraed to it (1646) with L* J/mfrar, it Kradnally deidiued to the uecs 
oTiipoctAcle and farco. Of tlio formi>r of thow>, in Aroli^re'a day, it bad 
oome to moke a speciality. On itx ata^ wwi produced, in 16G1, tbe 
T</u<»t ti'Or of Pterro CorninL^ with Dtabomta cngiaaa and contriraiionc, 
the ioA-f-iitiun of tbe cnicic- brain M, the litigioiw, the mAQbanicuil Alarfinia 
de Sourddoc, who woe afterwards to lie a thiira in the flcsb of La Onngc 
and the yoxatg 11»6atre-Fraa^iufi. And in 1601) Boumotit, tb« authior' 
actor, believing that a no famutis HubJMt oould hiuxlly fail of sucoeM tf 
bakan ia conoACtioD witli " era mperbea omenumi de thMrr. ^mW v<M 
d'onlinativ ehes noua" wrote for it a Tsmioa of the legend of Ooo Juan 
that may be read with inteiv^t even after tbone of Moli^re and Tino de 


When the aunxof^tr of the lUustro Th£itn>— itiwLf, tbi-ougfa Kfaddiune 
BAJart, nn oflkboot of the Mamis — retnmol to Pan* in I6A8, be found 
thc-Ke two chief pUy-liousra in full workuig order. Hiere waa, beaidM, a 
coispuiiy oi' Spanish acton, pUyiii^ chieily for tbo amuaesoBnt of tbeir 
Gonntry-woman, the Queen. There waa a company of ItalianB, in i«Dpipt 
of B royal grant of 15,000 limn a yvas, and ruled by Tiberio Fiiirolli, 
known for th« grcAtCKt of all tlie Kcaramouehea. At tho fain of Hunt 
Iifturoiit and Saint Gennoin tliei-e were booths of strotlem alwayv. Hie 
Jesuits were feat acqniiin^ an iivkimitablc habit of ooUego thoatrioals. 
Tbe beginoinga of the Oiwrm were a fact. At the Court, whidi waa 
even nvHv chongnphically Ixmi tlian that of our own Klizabeth, tbey 
danced in intem^nablfr ballet*, contrived by M. dc Beiuerade and otbets, 
vitb a gravity and a determination unparalMed in histoiy. It waa a 
time, indeed, when play-acttng and play-making wore popular proGea- 
sionf. and for a man who liad idoaa on tlte subject of both, there van 
room in it and to siutre. Rotrau, the valiant artut, had beeu edgfat 
ycon in his giavc, and tbe world had got from Comeille ttie beat he 
WM ever to give; llaoine waa a lad of oiueteeu, 8tud,\ing the Greek 



)Mieta wiUi Claude Lancelal ftod leKraing Thtag^nt* atvl Cf^firwUn hy 
Imrt. The comedy of tli« epoch was cither caricature or oxtravapuice. 
The Viiionnairu* of Uesmareta, the Doui JnphH of Scarron, thd fi-inrU 
Jotti of Cxrano, went elock pieONi; ant) Riiilienc«8 IiikI not much to 
oontcDt tbcm hut tho ix^domootadcs Kud strBimuoutu of thv C'aiitain, 
the pedantic ItinitiiUtieti of the Doctor, tlie knavish ou^tiQeaa of the 
Vkleb. Among these well-wom txprn the men and women of Moli^ro 
b»d cot luudi to do to mnke n plac« for themselvos ; boeide the etalo 
exaggerated fun of the hiick authora, his humour — fmh, spoiitaneous, 
abundabt, humati — had but to bu heard to be recogriiited iintl ncclaimcd, 
Tho hour had couo, and the Eoan wu thcr« to keep trvit with it. 

As for the way in which Ids works and those of hiii grent a^mciates 
were produaed, it diiTentf) strangely from the ways of to-daj. The 
iVeueh bav« lost, it may be, the Unack of maaterpiecea, but their know- 
ledge and practice of the art of Kc-enii-: decoration have mightily in- 
ereued. In the b^jinuing the theahts opened their doors but thrioo 
ft week— OQ Sundays, Tu^edajs, and Fridays: all Mondays being days 
of departnre, all Wedntsdayx and S:itii rdaj-s mark«t dayit, and all Thurs- 
days wmlking and visiting day)<: uiiil the play-^oor, studying the rod 
bill of the Hotel de Bourgogne, whether it was couched in plain prose 
or in triTial Teise^ioad on it but tho namaa of piece and author, 
and saw no mention whatever of actors. Under Louis XIII. the cui^ 
tain rwo at two of the afternoon ; under Louis XJV., wlio lov^ to dine 
sod k«pt his oourtieia waiting whiki h<f dined, it got to ris^ aa Into 
M five. Vsuolly the Lotwc wiw Iiglil«d with tallow ; but when the 
King was of the audience:, he lat tnpcrbly among wax candles supplied 
bj his officers. Vou could get into the pit — where cooling <lrinka 
and Bweetokeatfl wtrc sold in mimmcr, and comforting and sttengthea- 
ing cordials and couKh-inixtiirex could be got in winter — for fifteen 
sous OD ordinary oocasionH ; but oil extraordinary, you had to pay 
thirty aooB for yonr standing-room. After the cmab there was to see 
the Cid at Montdory's tlieat!*, the sideH of the stage, once the refngo of 
the poor anthor, became the fa«Liouable part of the auditorium ; there 
]i>oa could ace and be seen, you could ^t in the actorH' way, jron could 
bnng iji a performing dog witli you, and show off liis tridca between 
the alcxandriacM of Polytucte and Pauliiiv \ you could interrupt the play 
with all poMtiUe onae and security ; and the cost of it all was but a 
single half-Iouia, or five tivrea ten tioua. Money wan in thoae davs about 
four times as dear aa now it is, and it was the habit of a certain class of 
spectators to try and see the play for nothing, sJid so put themselves 
on tile footing of the officeni and soldiers of the household bn^de. 
KatumUy this waa one of the buminj^ queeiions of the perioil, find a 
subject for royal erdinances. Of pit^^, hickeys, and broken soldicni 
there was always a suflGcionoy ; a plnyhouac porter's best ignalijication 
WM hitf swordsmamdiip ; and La Oi-an).,^ nolc» more than once the {my- 
ment of sur^^l expenses for doorkeepers wounded in the diachaT^ of 


TllK U>x£l>]£-FBAN9AISE. 

tfaeir daXy, For riota w«r« fr«|ueot : Molifcn and l>u Crois)' took pHft 
in one that wiw btiU to tamo of tb» rioters ; onH in ii. CAmpnrdon's 
Inst publication* ore (looamcntA rclntitif; to b cUsturbuico tJiat took (ibce 
A* IaI« as i691. At A rule, th« sccnrrv and d<icor«t>ons vero umpio 
almoet to Alisunlity. For th« Cid Hxey \>%d Imt *' A room with fonr 
doore. An armchfur for tlie kin^ ; " for Hhodiiu, " iins Mille de ynitM 
k vokmt^ " Mnd " three papers ; " for flajasH, a ■* anlonb k k TbniTtft " 
and " two daggeni ; " for PowvMn^wtc, vbicb by oompartMHt was richly 
equipped, the DfloeBearies v«re " two housca in iront uud a town behind ; 
UtToe c^aim or stools ; two inti«ketooii«,'* and tie wn or eight spocimenfi, 
" vu fvr blanc," of an implemoDt which those who h»n« hiid tJie good 
lock to Me M. Uut as th» exodtrat gcntlemnn from Ibo Limousin 
icnou- far a feai^ inspiring impUmeut indeed. Diixlainiug the employ- 
ment of eupemumerarieB, they seem, ere now, to have iniproriaed a battie 
by letting down a paintod cloth fi^ml over with warring 1c^iOni> 
The mnncal armtgementa were of a kindred type ; MuH^cn began with 
bhice fiddles at the wings, or in a Imx in the front of the bouao, and, mi 
ChnppiiMRii benevolently explaini!, if tlian fiddlca did not know their 
cues, it WAS aecraiMry to shout Ht tliem flrom the stable. Add to all this 
the fact that yoit could, wliile lislenittg to the b^i-pitck«d, stately, 
rliylbmiG chant of the C'hampmeali us Cflmillc, or admiring Poisson in 
tbo typical boots of Cris|iin, jirovide yourwlf quite onsily with oooaaion 
for a duol or two, and it ifi not diSicnlt to nnncliide that a thentrical 
pctrfonnance must at that time hare hail for one of its main attraetioos 
a ]ivfily tendeucy toward the XTnforesMn and Unexpected. 

It was after a stroll some twelve yoara long in the provinns of the 
West and South that Jeati Bi^jtistc FoqncJin camo Ijnok to Paris to 
settle and become world-famans as Moli^re. lie had pnc forth tho 
Aotinfi at Lyons in and the Dfpii AmoHitttx at B(int<ni tn 1666, 
and ia these and leaser works hail a|>pToved hiniaclf an intellt^nt and 
able student of th<.i Italian dmmn; he had played tmgady nntil ho had 
oome to bolioTC lunuelf a tra»udtan; he had made of tbti poor little 
lUsstn) Tbiiitre, of which Bintx- 1645 he bad been manager, a company 
Uiat was to found a couiu tradition and to be a ehit-f element in the 
oompositioa of a nacioual stage ; above nil, he had in him stutT that woald 
presently take shape ss Tartu/e, the Mi»a*itJtroj>«, ileapin, Pottnyatiynat, 
(he Jffdtein, Gtor^ Daniiin, the >V«(hi lir fifinv. After winning tlie 
rqgard of hona XXV. and liis brother Phtii])pe, called Mooaiour, at a 
performance in the I>cnivro, ho and his followRweie taken into Monstenr's 
serTioe,nnd were settled in the theatre eoatrived in Uii* grest lull of the 
Hdtel dit Petit-Bonrbon. Tbeyshiured it with 'Hberio Hurclli and his 
ItaJiana, who bad for some time the Snndaya, Tiieodaya, and Fridays for 
their own. and rcmtiid from Mvliirc the Hiim of 1,S00 livrea for Uie nae 
of their theatre on the font- off days of the wedc, when andieni.'es nmld 

Ut Cmittinu tU /I'M'. PiTif, 1S79. 


" liB thin anrt recoipte not very emtisljing. Tho privliirtion at the 
-Booitiaa of thir frfeiriMft M.nA the Cocu Imitt/itutir' (1659-60) 
r m ppwrei Uietr ftQthor a oompctitor of no lueAii force ; tlio HAtel de 
BooigogBs took firo lU. the •lismrer; ; uid in tlie Inttor of Uw two tmts, 
ty p intrlgtie tiiat reminrls you Btningolyof tLcmachinatioiut in Bnlnwj'a 
^^^^Hr, b(> HnH hi^ Tollowing wn« turned neolc uid crop oat of tbedr faold- 
^^P^Bud left witliout a stnge. Koi-tautety Monideur wu »t tbtdr elbow 
^^^ d«nonstr«t« the sfawucful injustice of tbo proceeding ; foriimalcly they 
^^ tadmmJiii! in (iVunng tbo King; «nd tht-Mi WMkx iUt«r their oxpulstou 
OtfTfltertod mlVmh on ih« stAga within tlie PRlus-Koyal. The thaitrft 
igomlviic; it hud Uvu l>utlt iind fami^bi-d by Richelieu for liifl 
Jkfimm^ nnd for iJie tire-hnndeit plRyu ho uiM>d to bitvit of th» 
' of poetA lie kept ftt piocR-wurk. It waa otit or repair ; but it had a 
Bfaw btboms vide by ele*«li d«ep : th«r« -vrtn two gildoil galleries 
ntng ronnd the tbrm ndM of it, it would hold on a pinch between 
l«o and llinv tbouanod pcciplo, it wna u roy&l property, nud u lon|{ as it 
Itkad hiA Mftj<irty the itctora w«r« iMtfo fmm nny kind of intomption. In 
I IMft, Mfter tlip prodndioti of tlia two JfpoUt, th* /m;»-oin/*f», anil tlie 
lf«rii9«, Um company wm taken into the King's wrricu and reocired, 
an nnnual gm&t of 6,000 livres (inereuied to 7,000 in 1670), the 
titI<^of tbf Kin^'nOoropany. That tliorawas a i^ooddtwlof ill-fcel- 
[ brtvceii lie two troops, the Ror&) and the Ring's, ia aufficiontly proved 
itj the two Imprompitu — of VrrtaUU* and of th« tldlti d« Condi — ihm 
the Portrait •iu'I'rinlr-, wnd the Vfng'anrf. ilfv .Vttnpiig, with 
jaBnwlinti Rtta<<]irv1 to thc^m. Hut Molicre wrb in good odour nt 
Lonb Duds ]fm of him thiui his enthuAiasta will confea ; bab he 
; : he wsB iafienioQfl as a maker of balleta and divenions ; while he 
ht wu almost ng important a penon oit L»Ili anil Bcntterwie, and 
)<m what wu, perJDipa, a hixb^r plane of royal favour than Scaia- 
rnarelli bioiaelf ; and aflor expelliojf him tbo Fetit-Bourbon, the 
tAte) dn Bo ur yigne ooold for the moment prevail against him no mora. 
^angBd briBkly enouj^h in 1673. Moti^ dead, Baron, Ia 
ti4r« and tb« two BeauviJn were tempted over to the oppondon at 
oncy ; and no little nccottnt was made of the remninder of biii contjiany, 
that, tbough it yel isduded Mdlles. MoU^tre and do Urie, the epoch's most 
■ ceeia ii MriiBJ aebOMa of comedy, with Hubert, the oHjsiinnI Pei-neUe 
Bod Vadame Jnnnlain, and Ix Onunf^, the cirmtor of nil ^loliuro'a 
^ jmiDg finla * from Don Juan downward, an attempt at ossooiation was 
emttamptDonsty stayed, and the artixta of Moli^^ were left to tbedr own 
■levieai wltbonl n ehancr of a|ipea]. 

Artooately for the Fntiefe irtogo La Orange, Moli^re's or«tor and 

r, was at lite bnd of aflhini, and Im Oran^ woi an able 

I IndotWdj^able man. Hin biifrinnn CApacity was at lemiA ttfnid to 

I fownrs a* an aotnr, and his devtnn were eminently wise and eniinratly 

IbkblR. Thriurt out from tbo Palais-Royal at the imAanora «if Lull], 

I noted Uw thcatn for fats own cntcrptue, and got the oooupnnta 




«vict«d nl a moneut's notice, tli« King's CompaDj, deprived of it« pension 
und Ha vUge, remained homelees for wveral tnonths. llicn tlie Mar(|uts 
de Souidtec — of Touim d'Or and nUfcc-engiDoeriiif roaowii — sulU Va. 
Grange ft playbouee built by liiia for tli« perfonmooe of op«m, but 
thrown oil bifl liands by tho action of Litlli, the iJl-powerful. It vru 
iiitnatc nt the Bottle TauuH Court, in th« Kuo Munrinc, nnd m known 
hiatArienUj u tiie TMAtre-Gute^gaad. Hero in 1673 did Ia Gnui^ 
and his following eet up tlinr rest. A royal order bad ftbotifthed tli« 
playbou-c in the Uaniifl and drafted cci'taiu of its arUtts into the broken 
imnks of the King's oumpany ; tli« beet of them all, |ioor Claude Koae, 
called RoKimoat, had been engaged by La Grunge boforo the break-up to 
nplaoe Moliire in MoUAre'a own partn. In the aocicty, thus mlarigod, 
tliore wero niuoteon mooibtfra ; it liiul JoM^h BAjart, cue of tlte Ofi^nal 
naaoeiateK of tlie Iltustrv Tlu^tre, for a pen^oer ; its estate was one of 
wrentSBn and a half eharos, two of which were the properly of Sourd^ 
and Ills partner, while the rest weje dividttl, in yarioua proportions, 
nmon;E; the nineteen aaaooatcH. Ia Grange, iKit uniufloonced in all pro- 
lability by the companionahip uf the eomatime actors of the Mania, 
tiuikod for profit to tJie tipectACular drama. Aa the greater part of the 
Moliinaque ropurlor^' wan «jt much tho prog^rty of the Hotel de Boar- 
gogiko oa of the H<itoI Qu(^ue.|;^u(1, he piircbaaed the aemoee and interest 
of De V i^, the joiinutli^t aud hanlc, and of Tliomaa Cometllc, and started 
on his career as a purveyor of spectacle, with great intelligence and toxj- 
ing fortune. Gaining hlr;gl^Iy by the production of Circi, a piece whose 
mounting cost tho sum, uuprvc«duutwl thitborto, of 10,81;! liriXM 17 
aona, lie appcAre in 1676 to have l^cen «o pinched for rooana aa to have 
been unable to jny his biU-aticker. Re none the leas went on with 
enterprwe : raanipuUtiug into remo and inolTouiiveoaas \Jan mh 
ppoae of tlio >'M(tn i/« i'i^rre, and achie%'ing in 167^ aquitaextmordioBry 
BUCcesB with the Deviturnff. of Gomeillc and De Vis6, a scandaloiia 
melodrama picocd tof^thor out of tho atoty of the notorious Mtdaiar 
Voinn. The populHrity of tlie D-rviurrtM'; w»s cvrtainly gall and worm- 
wood to thuso of the Hutel de Bourgogne ; but it« bitternoui could bavo 
l>een oh nothing to that of the cup that was brewing for them. L« 
GraoKe's uRxt stroke of policy waa, indeed, a naatoraCrolu*. The Siour 
de Champmeali, an actor-autbor of tome parte, aud MademoiaoUo, his 
wife, \on^ the amie itttitM of Ji'an Racine and the ori^nal exponent of 
uH the lieroineti of bin si-ooud period, from ibo plaintive Androniaquo to 
tha psffiooAte and lerribU> I'hidre, were pentnadod to abandoit the U^tel 
ckeBoiirgogDe for the HAtel Guenegaud. Aathia iiiov« of the Sieur do Ut 
Gt«n|;e put him in poasoHaion of t^e whole repertory of both the great 
Fmieh tngies, and made hie company as well (juaMed to exoel in 
tragedy ns It bad always excvUud in comedy, and as alout the wnw time 
tliere ooouned the death of the dcwcrtor LiiLTboriliii'o,aaiictot trained in 
MoUtee'a aehool and actually an enponent of MoU^lre'a traditiun, it is to 
bosi w i nn ed that the HAtel de Bourgogue was in \toonr case at this mu- 

THE co)i£oi£-frani;ais&. 




ikaa »t uij othsr of iU ItiBtarjr. uid that there was no «»f for it 

i of Ha diffieu]titt but tlie v»y it was forood to tnke. 
"Om w»y WM Ll«» Work of Louis XIV. He lived to oentndiM^ aa Iib 
t*d lived to dimoo iwil ta 'Mne, and Lsd drteruiiiii.>Nl oii Uic orotimlintioit 
cf tlMdr»BMtie&rt with bbe othen. On August 18, IGKO^nn order for 
tin AmJoq of tlin two companien, the Rtiyal and the Kinf^n, wax MMit 
f rooi biia ni Cbarienllo by the Doc de Ci^qoL lb was accotnpanied bj 
a. Itrt of tiu wttste to be retninod in tha royal enrriee, and was irutantly 
ofatgnMl. IIh noited compuiy playing eight days aftrrwurdB at thu l[<^UiI 
4« Qofaicgaud for th« first time. The pjeoes, I tthould add, that wer« 
ghowm for tfaia solmnn oecaaion, were I'/iMrt and Let CarrcftUM eTOriiant ; 

Um lattrr I confeos to knovinf- abaolutely nothing. On October 21, a 
JnUet lU e8cA<l, daliMl from YenaiUce, and ugood " T^uLs " and " Col- 
iMtt^'aaJ a 6iul list uf iirtists appended to it, gave tlic new society a 
MOMfMly of the Kitoob tb(«ti« iu Paris, Mid ordend the Lioutenant- 
Gooenl at Voliae fortJiwilh to aee to the enforcenient of iU provinoDS. 
Tba iaaUtatioa iboa estuliUsfaed was the Tb<^&trc-Fran>^iH. 


Tbv artiste cJiown to roprMont the histrionic Ability of France were 
iwmtjr.ari) rn, Gnmn of th«in nMm and twnlve womoiu Among them 
yrm* ihe twit La (trangn, the two Raisins, the two Bannu, the two 
Beasfftls. ihc two Ou^rins (Cuirin, it ehoold be tvmembered, mArri4>d 
^IColi'rr's widow), and the two ChAmpmealeii ; with ^dUes. dn Ri-ie, 
ouil itaonoluuit, and Kjymotid Foissoo, Unutoroche, Iluliert, 

lara, and Kodmont. The estate affected to theiu wh8 divided into 
' '•*-^iiaricT!i aharea, n half-eluure of which was retained 
hj %■ > ' twenty-one and a quarter shares lemaiiuDg were dia- 

IrQnited aoioii^ ihe iu«od»taL A oouti'act betw^n thi> membeni of the 
■ocioty (Iff'*'! ) [irovided for the imyment of future ponsionK and the dne 
rpeofpiittan, in (•ate of iiocetuty, of hdnhEp <n an asAociBto's nvxt of Idn. 
Is the KUnr yc^ar Hie King bestowed bis hiOf-tiharo on T^ OomM, a dili- 
aiid ttst-ful actor, and n ooai^ator of La Orange's till that futher of 

Frui^aiN di«d ; in 16K2 he ordered the reception of firOoourt, also a 

''shuv holder, and so clianged tJ>o composition of the Ostate to one 
of twenty -two Mid a quarter ^lla^«» ; and noiao months Afterwards be 
BWml to tlie aasociates a yearly grant of 1:2,000 livna. For a couple 
of jBUa nore the oompaay appear to hiive been aa much their own 
■utftn aa in the frni an«) aut)* limoi of old ; but in ]6ti4 they wen 
plaaal vxtAtr the control of the FiTst Oentletiutn of the Chamber. And 
ia I S85 ihe number of dharen waa fixed dofiaitcly at twenty-three, and at 
twa)ty'thm< llieir nunber remained until the Kv^olution. 

A timr w»» at hiuid, however, when tltc very being of the tnstitutioo 
in periL The ]»aii of MaJnUvion waa not the I<ouis of MontMpan. 
dmntHi tn him had mnsteied the num of plMsure; the devil had 

vou XL.— 50. :!3S. 4. 




tmnsd hermit. Binoe wvcoteen vean his dnncing (Utb wem done; hw 
fondaetn for Um^ theatm liul dccliticd ; bis iltotiu7 itmit had beroniu 
(oomjwratively s^xKiking) *»flftrTo- In th* formnl prMtice of pi«ty. lie 
forgot itUkc to lire uid to l«t Uva Thiu, wben m I6D7 tin* (ii^itariiK 
cf Uio Borbvunc hnd Bcni]ik« »bout oponiag their u«vr Oolldgc of Um 
Four N&tions wiUtin a Turlong of audi a villanoiis liaunt an vaa Hut 
Tbtttrc>-Frani;aifi. tlivy found in the n^onncd monarcb an intelligeotv a 
Te]>eiitatit,aiida6>-mpatliotic)istoDM-. Tbc actors vemordorcd outof Uie 
H&tol tiuAovgaud at thn« months' notice. Ar|f»ai«nt and sxpwtuIatiaB 
arailud them natliiu^; Maiut«aion aad the Sorbonne liad onlatnod, aiMJ 
there vftA nought for it bnt to obey. Ia Grasge and Le Comt« had ne«d 
of all tbdr coange and their ooiidnct. Tbo aaaocwtfn agrefxl to buj 
land and build a theatre of tlwu own, but clerical indiiGOces were pam- 
mount at Tenailles, and the aston wfire huntml from jiansh to pariah u 
though th«ir tnuJe vere unDwntMnable, and they thema«)T«e fit iomatc* 
for For-l'Kvftqoe aud th« 6a]|)Atrifa«. Ualf-a-docen at« in siioeenioD were 
ohOMo and bargained for bj La Urange, and ven declared impropar and 
impoanible by Uie Court. At iant, bowuvur, bo was permitted to ooo* 
dode a pun^iasa ; and id tho Rito Neuro-doi-Fofli£«-Saiiit4>niuiii-dei> 
Fniit. on the nl« of the Star Tennis C'oiirt, » theatre designed byFranctua 
d'Auhry was nut up, and opened, with PMn and the J/iedecm, to a 
houK) of 1370 Utks, in the April of 1089. The prioeof tho ground alone 
was 60,000 livroi ; and in tbo end the actors found thiit. in good hard 
cash, the prudery of thf' 8oi-)>onno had fimt Ihoni close on 300,000 UvtM, 
and won to keeji th«tn in debt for many years. The theatre served its 
turn, of voune, aiid waa not «baado&«d till 1770, when decay bad mnde 
it onsafo, and it eootd be used no more. 

In 16d9 the " Droit dea Fanvrea " waa institutnl, and th« theatre was 
ordered to pay a sev«Dth of ita gron receipts to tho 0«ucral Hospital. 
In nil) II furthci- procntn^o was dDmainktl of it, oeteasibly for the 
HiStcrl-Dicii, bat really to provide lui official pcnton with cash, which 
brought the impost up to one of a fourth of its earnings. In evading 
the inyment of this cbaigei, and in doing battle with (ho lawlem petty 
tlieatrce aI>out them, the aasoeintos ap[)ear to hare Bbovrn a graat deal at 
ingenuity, and not lesa of determination. They cooked their accouald 
quite faithfully, and they showed no minTy ; these were their chief aims 
oihSt. Tbo tboatre was ordorod by the First Oontlcmen of tho Chamber, 
with the Due do Kiehelieu at tlioir head ; and, bad aa waa the rule of 
these noble creatures, whose interfisreoce, at once rexatious and stupid 
and immoral, wns felt in all its ooocena, it wu, nsstlMtkslly spealdng, 
quit€ lulmirably offideot. Among its acton were Orandral, Loknin, 
FrivLU?, and Mo14 ; among its actretant were Leconvreur, DangeviUi% 
Gaunin, Dummnil, Chiiroo, Dugaaon, and Vestris ; nnd its staff of poet» 
included Vollairr, llognani, Tiemgo, Mariraia, Pinm, Greaset, Mar- 
uoiitel, Diderot, Ynd^i, Beaumamhals, and Ducia (with an adniitatiou of 
I/amttt). Financially, howDver, it£ poatUoo was abominable; Louis XV. 



had, in the end, to double tka i-oyal grant, and to pay the th^ati^'s 
<IobtB, which amounted to upwonJs of 240,000 Uvitw. At VigBrani'a 
playhoosD in Ui« Louvre, whither the asMcmtas rt^inovoi in 1T71I, they 
add'.'id to tlKdr number Dazincourt luid Mdllcs. Raucouit and Contat, aiul 
produced (1~'<J) the Barhter of Bcaiimorchaifi, dvlcnnining hr their nig- 
garilly troatDioiit of that rcetlcra and indomitikblft ad^'cntxircr th* roundn- 
tioii (1777) of tlut Sucii5(4 dt« Aiit<.'^ii>« T>raiuitLii|ue^ And in I7S2 they 
flliiftetl their m»Qfl l*j tlir Od^n, aiid there, In. tlie Mitruuje th /-'iyaro, they 
put forth, amid eqiuUbl^s of all sorts (17M), the last of 1h« classic 
ooioediea. They pUyeil it iateUigentiy sDongh m artists, for MoM was 
tjic AIouiriTa, and Dazancourt, a very king of Crispins, was the Figaro. 
But iw politicians, thoy beamed itA Icaaon not at all ; they noitiier hvard 
Dordid thuy uodetstand. Almaviva. befaol^/dandjwted and shamed, with 
his Jroii do tei^newr, a mere convontionnlity to be nuxtkcd at ftad 
defused, waa, if they cotdd hut have Imovm it, a ty^io of thAmflelve& 
Tike him, thty had outli'ittil thoir dny ; like bim, they had forgotten 
Dotimig and leai-ueil noLbin^ AH iihoiil them the b^garos of art were 
bnwiing and watching and soheniinp; their privilege, though never so 
sound in theory, was in practice dead and decayed ; their lordship of things 
UiMtrical vrm on ito last t^, thoy wore port «f on oppoititioii that wus 
beateai ere it cuna 1a a divinion. Tho Opira Comiqii'i hnd Ut<>>i fuutidod 
in spite of them -, Nirolot nud Andliiot, the funious idiowuieii, hod fought 
aad won tb« battle of thcatriad liberty ; pUyhoiie«A supjirvcK^ed by them. 
were reopened othnrwlmre ntnl under-other nomee almost ere Uie ink tmd 
dried on tlieir pajiors; mid five y«irs after the production of the 
Manage, the B^volutioii hud §plit their society it«e!f into two cam[j8, 
and th« old order of circiiiiiBtances was at an end for them. Headed by 
l^lmA, the Democrat*! among thorn wunt to play patriotio tragedy— « 
poor and <liill thing it goema fi'om thin dixtunco of tiiii$ — in the Palais- 
Royal, at what WOK then tbu Vnri6tif«-AtniuuiQtfi8, and at what is DOW 
UwOom^die-PmnvaiHi-*. The LoyiiliHt*. uniler theciiptjuncy of Doiinoourt, 
stayed on at the Od4on, and got preeently into hot wAter ; they w«r« 
daiUHinoed b/ Robespioi're lu civic terms of oondiderable force, they were 
ureBted in a body, and they were BCnt to durance. OoUot d'Uerlwisi 
with all the bad actor's ferocious jealousy of his c.hief, wanted very much, 
to out off Dozincourt's heiad ; but Xlazincoiirt succeeded in keeping it on 
bis (diouldctr, and lived to uh.< it as a profeasor nt the Conacrvntoiie and 
as Napoleon ')! Dirmrtcur dcs Spcctoclea. Talma r«cctved the relflii when 
tbe term of their priHon lifn wiw {nut; antl at what was called in turn 
tiis l^eatre of Liberty and Equality, the Thontru of the Nittiou, aud the 
Theatre of the Kepublic, the associiition was for a brief space held 
together. Then came qiiorreli*, [KtrtingH, new attempts at a common 
Dndentonding ; and in I'S'J, the (mii|ijuiy, with it« debta paid and a 
State pension in hand, started once more at the Od£-on. It wtu hunit. 
out of that theatre in the same year, and for some time there wm no 

4— J 



BoiMparte, bowerer, wu fond of plaje and octiiig — itlaost as food 
of thea Kit Ridielwu hicnelf ; uul thotigh lie did sa[>|ir«m Ui9 c^mir In 
the InRtitato set Apart b; a liberal CoDvcntioo for tin beU«r bonounng 
of bidtnonic art, lie took tlte fortiioefl oT t1i« brokin Ooioddw into that 
strcmg resolnte hand of hii, and in 1803 lh« old Vui^b^Aiunmntm 
mx-irod the tuaocsatai onoe more, stroog IbU time in tlie tuMter's pro- 
tection, and ricfa in nn annual gnmtof 10l),000 fniMS. Kineyeus after, 
be fouiKl time, in iha 8tren of hb RoraiaQ caropaign, to think out and 
despatch tlie famous Moeoow decree, -which is eupposcd to W tbv Tbeutni's 
tireat Chartm- and tin) iiuthorily for it« i>r«(iat oooititution. It divided 
th« otato into twunty-four iilinrei, and allotted tven^-two of them to 
tb* BOQO^; cctAblishod a complete lystem of peoaons, ntirenienta, fend 
dHmU; wttled finally the vexed question of tlie poiMWiion of part*; 
detomiined a counection Wt-weca the theatre and the OoiaerTBtoin; 
anid proTidin^;, in fine, for ovorj* pontinfprM^ of ercry kind, SM the 
anocistioti on a broader, firmei', and l«ss dia[>utul>l(» basu than till then 
it had oooupiod. It oontatnx 101 GluuseH,'and if I do not otuUirac its 
provisions at gientor length, it Ut timt I am inrnrmed that the hoiwo is 
nilvd iu gnnt measure nrcording to traditioo, use, custom, and that ibe 
avooiatea eotiaider themaelves and their convputionalities to be, in a 
manner, of aaperior mould, and bo Iwyond the ioBu^noe of oixknuiaon 
and law. 

The Restoration mp)a«4Kl the Cotn^o, it nocd hardly bo mid, Qitder 
the nile of the OAntlemeii of the Cliauber ; Itiit after the flight of 
Charles XI. th« Moscow ile^ree c£ime into fom again, and the uHftoctales, 
nomiiuiUy iinder offimal coutrol, Itecama their own mnKters. Tliey made 
hut a poor use of tbcir liberty. Thu litorury revolution of 1)^30 was ax 
unintelligible to thftin as the political of 1789. They continued faith- 
fully to represent the clstmx pnooiple in nrt, nn<l they paid dearly for 
tJioir Bdelity. The multitude flocked to liear Mngo and Dnmae, and to 
see FiMdric Lauiaitre and Oorval at the Od4on and the Porte-Saint- 
Martin; and on one occasion in fr^3I the Comi^die-Frari^wjie had the 
honour of playinjt Tartu/e and Le Lfxft — Moliero at bta strongent and 
Marivaux nt his brigbtrnt — to a house of fi7 francs. The associateB 
owed a matter of 600,000 fraius, and though Louia-Philippe increand 
their [)ei]sioa firom 200,000 fmncR to 210,000 franefi, and lent them sooM 
300,000 francs besides, tliey could not make cndK meet for some time. 
In 1850, after varioiia attempta at self-government under tuti^'lage, tlie 
Hiwodation was ji^vvn into tJie charge of the Minister of the Interior and 
of au Adminis^tor-titnenil in bis nomination ; and tax yean: aftci^ 
wards its gruut wan fixed at 240,000 faincs. There, for the moment, 
ends its story. Amonf^t itn administtatoni hare been MM. Arstae 
Hoossaje and E«loiuud Thierry; aitd it is on rcoord that the higher 
official)! of the Second Empire vere used to abuse its function ns that 
function liad Iieen abused undor Louis XV., to Uie proSt of btdiea not 
distiuguiahed for tho poHsesmoo of eltber talent or reputation. Of late, 

THE 003rfj)IB-raAN9AHE. 


;thB ariiliianee of M. Htnilo Perrin, the thcAtrn hiut (nio- 
ttically ftnci fin a n ci a Jly. llie nxwipto of tlie loHt Tow 
hftvi beetk bu^gely in ezinesa of tbe tnillion (of francs, of courae), 
at* ilmlilj increuiiiig', Ani) putting ti-agic art uiiclu — in which. 
•eddtnta wtha" temiwruaont" Cftllod r^rali Bentliimlt notwitb- 
r ■ " p. the Coiii^f>-FnuiYnuw ut not iiow emitumtly <IiBtinguiahe(l^ 
■Dd Ukiaif itfi repmwDtative artiatic figiiren so complete and Gnifibcd aa 
ICSL Uut, DcUunay, an<) Coquelin, and MdlleR. Brohiui and Fitvart, it 
is hiafijl to oont'luik that tho Tlicatrv'a pimc^t is kucIi as may cluill«iige 
fioopMnxon with thu most brilliant epochs of it« past. 

A« «• H* it, indwd. the CoinMio-Pnui^alm in almost the ideal 
NoC only ban it. a library, a tDiu^uni. n TOst oolloction of 
LiTce, a peculiar lit«ntare; not oalj is its connection witli tbo 
' del AutAiin I>rauatiques qnite special and extraordinary; it has 
' • i^Ie, a tnulition, s staudard, a poRition, .-ui autbority of itA own. 
yvariy froiD the ConMrvatoiro — which w b«tter able to doal with 
I HfaoUn llian it vaswben Alexandra Dumfu*, vrbo knew well 4<iiough 
rhat ha waa talkio^ a1>out, «ould cry out (1SJ9) Umt >>« could mmt 
mtOt laalcH an actor of a National Cluortl or a retirMl Hhopkcepcr tlian 
tt a pspil of tiio CoDserrabcHre — it tak« to iteelf tbc bent of tlio 
jotmpMn* annt tcntk to he tatted on its stage, schools and train* th«m 
• latHlligenoe and capacity, amigna to eacli of them hb proper walk 
art, and by prooopt, examplo, pniotue, cavouragement. constraint, 
makfs ariiKta of thnni at last, and fits them to do for their jimiora what 
it biM duDtt for them. A {lart of itd function in the diaoovcry and 
lannnif Ifnmit of youujc; ftuthors ; a play has only to be sent in to it« 
mn ia itt ea Ui be pnblicly nnwl and discusHMl, and iU3C«|>t(«1 or reacted, 
aa the oue may br, officially, It hnx authority to call into its pale any 
artirt of pTomtM or of pArtii without it, and is tliuti ena)>l«t tn^reesantly 
Id mew its aU^ngth and fll] up tin breachee in ita ranks. An its 
amoiiUmMp u the (lartvr or the QoMen Tleeoo of tbo stuf;?, and 
iwUllia lie fnammnr not only to a fitting salary iind a aliiiiv (n tlio 
pfodta of the year, but to a ponnon and conaidcmtion in after (ioiee, its 
•laff i» alwaya ai eonipkto a« the quality of the epoch wilt permit, and 
it it aUe cf its over\- |K<Tfonnaju!e to make a lenon, aothoritatire and 
htstriuiitr art. 

W. E.H. 


laats in a l^ibrarg. 

No. XXI. — Qbai axd his Sl-uool. 

A KEMARK is *reiy now anil then made nbout Gniy by Kxndiody who 
bat Just V>oQn reading his charmiDK^ letters. (>ray, it u lumoancnl, was 
ona of the first prophet* of tbo tiiio fiUrk, or, lu othnra oali it, tho modtni 
supentition, of which mountuns lire the tAmples aiul Alpiiie clabe form 
tho oongne^liotu. Their cretd may hn compr w a c d into the niiglv articU 
tbftt a love of tnounbuoB is the first of the cnrdinnl virlaue. To that 
doctrine, with somi.- slight rtccrvntiomi, I yield a very hearty asMnt 
and oonfi^nt ; Mid I am glad to reckon Gmy amongst it« sonnd adhcreats. 
A moiintutiioiiK coimtiy alone, he eajit, can fiimuh tmty ])ietureiqtie 
eoanoiT'. Hi» early ratLuitiatnai for tlie Chartreuae, his a<liiiiimiioii in 
lat«r ymn of the vale of Keswiclc atul the }>a£s of KilliMtankic, are 
Hy[R[itoia.'> of ail orthodoxy crcditMhIc, becaiiae rarer in his time th»a our 
own. But, though Gray eharotl tho Motimonl which was then growing 
up, it would he nl'»urd lo sltributc to him any influence in it« [nvipM- 
^■tiini. Hut deM!ri])tive letters nre atlmirahto. and show thu-t he had a 
trtW eje for M^aery ; bat they -wurt not puhluhed till After hli dmth, 
Mid 08rtainly hiH Lif'r aiuf IVrUingM, cli[^d »iid docked i>y thi; pmciw 
Mason, was not the kind of book to generate a new enthnaiaiim. "Vhe 
real glory of revealing to tnankicd the new pleasure must be giTen — ao 
fitf aa it can he given to any Indiridual writers — to men like Booaiaui, 
vbOM poasioDato ri>ctoric made tho love of nature o popular watchword, 
and Saonon, who fint sbowcd a tlioTough appreciiitian of the glones of 
the Al|)a. Hut in Kngland, and not in Engbmd alone, ctcd BonaaMn 
was, in this respect, eclipaed by OssiaQ. The general estimate of thoae 
nngular poemR, conaidered n.» deocriptiTe of a monntainous le^on, coin- 
ctdeo, I imagine, with that of Wordnworth. The mountains of Oaiiaii 
are mere daubs, vague abBtractiomi of mist and gloom, giganteaque 
nxire&litiea which speak of anything but firvt-hand impreasiona of actiul 
•OMnetv. Yon may read through Oeaiazi — if you can road through it at 
■11 — without gaining any more distinct imprendonx of Highland scenery 
khan you would hare rnoeivod in Uie Highlauds Uiemselves any timd 
aince last Kovember. But the extrnordinary influence of Oseian upon 
the minda of MacPhereon'a oontemporariw lb a matter of btatoiy. 
When Goethe went to Switserland, ho oridcnlly considered it tho coiroci 
thing to have pnamj^ ftam Omian at his Sngets* end* for aftpIlcAtion to 
the AJpa; it wan the nioiintiuneer's texb-book, to l« tj^ttoted in Bwitzur- 
as a later genenition quoted Byrou or the preooit tlffi writing* of 


iMe. Rmfcm . Ony ««■ one of tlin cnrlicKt euthiisiasts, and, though ha 
» criUoU qttfthn or tvo, was apjuuviitJjr oioro touved by the Dew 
lluu by any Iitonry ev*sai of his time. Ho is " txta*ii witii their 
lobule heaatjr,* amius* " a Lhoumnd iocjuii-ies " about tlieir authenticity, 
•od in vae IvUcr docUna hinuKlf to be " cruelly diaapjtoiutAl " wilL tho 
JfmuMOt //itfn*f, and nlila to admire uotliiug but Fingal. Uo Btiidk* 
CroDM (wbu DOtt knou'ft Croiiw eren by aamn )), anil picks out the Imest 

^■yhnae fan it as though be were oriliciaing a Iwok of Uic Iliad. 

^^ Tb* OtHtaa fever vna Bymptomatic of a widely-iprciu] RonLiiucint or 
hrhifrn. due U> uausos for more general tbau Uie influence of auy itidiTi* 
4aaL It voold be euy enough i» show that s-oi-sbippci-H of the jiiciu- 
nsfoa liad disooTom) tlw cliief beauliM of Eiij^liuitl Ix-fure Gray wrote 
kb lottos. He toarist wm alreaijy abrcnul. When Gny >-LBit«d Gor- 
dde Sou-, in Cnven, he already found landnoape paintoi-s tottlcd nt the 
wi g Hpuring inn and proparing vKtm for the engraTcr. Tbo raader of 
ywl ttwldeet of booka, Jo/in Svitele, uuy remoiiiber thut the hero cod- 

Itflvn as ooe plaoo to emeigeoutof a mysterious cavero in thd tuuuntidiiB 
cf Wcsttoofvliutd. Ho oboorvoH oa the ucouuuu that thi> vulc of Kes- 
wick ■ oonsidorod to offer the finest riewB in Kngland, and tluit they 
»vi^ in truth, finer thaji even the Rot. Dr. U&llou lutd been able Co 
■•Im timtm appear in liia deficriptive poem. Yei iJuncle thinks that 
Kawiek ia auijauBed by tho "Ehad«d folia" in the nuighbourhood 
.(affanrntly) of Ambloide, and that the ca«cMlt« tinxc arc iiupt^rioi to 
"dmd Lodor*." 'XUe "Rov. Dr. Dalton " appear to have pahlislied 
Im poea— « poem, I am sorry to Niy, uitfiuniliar to me — La IT^fi, 
•□BM yonis before Urmy'a viut. But it is noedloBB to cnlai-go iiiion this 
pnial. It ia clear enough, from many sympU>tos, tliat tho love of pictu- 
rcKjon •ccoery waa becuuung fashionable in the middle uf the cestuiy, 
u4 iWi Gimj, M a man uf lAiirte, waa uiuong&t Iho firat to feel tho 

Tbt wholo matter in, perha|ni, of lena importance than ia sometimes 

to it. There is, after all, n good deal in MacAulay'a oommon- 

I eiplEoation at the phmomenoti— that a lura uf mouutain aceoery 

Hxaply the fumtatiun uf good rua<lii and oomfottubl« inns in 

fMgnntain distrteta. But IJnty'a lasto in thiii rei^toGt is at least sjgnili- 
lOuit M to Clmy'a own poailioii. Hiii coolamjjt Cur }loui»eau and biR love 
■ofOviui areioTeisonsof UiejudguwDt of later tiao«; for do oqc would 
DOW dmy the power of Rouhksu, or find ut»d> ptsasuro — uiden pm- 
wamrd by aomu nutiiinariaii or |jutrioii(^ mntiia — in the efiicft of the 
nytUoU bard. And yet we can ace tliat dray represents a rein of 
f Hliisiirallinl lu souio mo«Iom modes of thought, and ganerally regarded 
•a aatifatbotio to the spirit ufhifl own time. AVith all hia p<^aUntT, be 
aftpean to tie on isolatM phnMnoenon. Kvcrylxxly knows bis poetry by 
hwt> The SUyy has so worked ittself into iho popular imagination 
tfaat it i&rludei mora famiUar pbnem than almost any poem of eiinal 
Ign^ in the laagoago. Tlic Bmrd aod the linfiB upon Eton have become 



» iMwkMTtcl M periM^M lo meqwan » catkm ti^e of bunlitT. If ftnr 
"'"g**"*' poeta harv writtan id liul% nooe nrtkhilj has written m little 
Ibtt luB fkllcD into obUvioQ. AW 7*1, thoo^ Gnj b in thia sniac the 
BO*t po|>tiUr po«t «f h» dsf, thoogh Iw i> ■aw raui than Youn;;, or 
TliOBaoii. or CoOini, or OfMnuth. or naaj otbet^ we do not thiuk of 
him H sUoifug Iih iwigw nyaa the tiae. H< ataads aput. Hu 
poetry ia taken to h% like aa 4aai m the < l fr i ; it ■ • middeD qiriiig of 
pcRtmial frahnoH goibin; oat in the nliht of that Hirary didactic, 
argtancaUtivc, aianotoaow ean-cnl of T tr i ifi cw ti ca p4un>l forth hr the 
imitatoi* of Popa He nenr nsed Tope'* Bnatnre toe aerioiu purjxMeii, 
esoept in one fine fias°*eDt> — the kaat read ti fan poetna — and is, ae it 
w«v^ «B ontsidflr in the litsnttm of the ttna. And yttb, agaia. it must 
be nmanbend thAt Wordsworth pidced him out for special candemiia- 
tion BB tin wont olTcader ia the nae of coavcntional langua^- He 
definitely aoee{ited and has enkiged upon the theory which WorcKworth 
attempted to upeei — tlutt poetry ahoald oae a hmgwage difienng fnun tliat 
of ooauDOo lifv. Indeed, he geta tqxm Mtlta at delibcntely aud coo- 
leionsiy aa any poet of the day, and ia nervoisly seiuatiT« to the riak of 
a htfBB into the TcmacoUr. 

It would fc« euf to give a paradoxical torn to thow rvmarka, and to 
show favw Gny wt at ouee the oppooant and the reprannlatiTe of the 
poetical onyd of hia day. The pasde, snch an it ia, arieos from our 
habit of absurdly exagcevKtiug the dif&reooe between ourselves and 
our gnuidbUicn, and spuvking na if cTCiybody waa " artificial " in the 
r«iga of Fope and " natural " in the roign of Wonkworth. 14o iwo 
woida in the htnguage cover uora ooafuiiou of thot^ht than 
boMnis phnsee. It woald he easy etumgb bo twist them ao on to 
that Wordoworth was more artificial than Pope, quite as etearly a« tho 
opponte ia ao oAea demoostrnted ; and, for my part^ I am fally con- 
▼iaoed that there waa just as much bumuti oaton: and as little aflectatioa 
in the days of QoaeD Anne as in theee of Victoria or ui those of 
EUtaheth. Tite oontiast naually drawn ha«, I duiiht not, an importaDt 
meaning; but it is ao obecured by the vague talk about " tiatun" thut 
I narer ne the word without instinctively putting myself on ray guard 
against eomo fait of slipshod critidam or sham Fdulooophy, I bcnrttly 
wish that tlie word co»ld be turned out of the laaguage. Tbougb tliat, 
alas! is itnpoesiltle, we may try to a\-oid the mialmliog BHUoiatioDS 
which tt contuiually iutixMluce& Gray, at any nt«, wr» a bumaa bdng 
who liked looking at tr«es nod hilU as much us anybody do»> now ; and 
be certainly succeeded in willing some vorscs which concentrate into a 
eouple of pages a depth of goauiiu) emotion stwh aa woold finish whole 
volumes of modem Tcrhtag«^ It i» another question whether he otq;ht 
to be called a natanU or an artificial (loet. 

In tb« first place, however, it mny be obwrred that tii-ny vmt not ao 
Bolitary a phenomenon as wu might at Stat aiglit fnuc>-. He never 
entered th« circle of literary men who hved in London, and who, in tho 



fmit <S bis (mreer. Kknowledgeil Jolinson as their dictator. He 
■fcnak Amm the roDgbsew of the ■* groat bear," who, in his turn, aMons 
to hsT* dH|dwd Qnjr u & literary fop — a finikia and oSected apuiiier 
of vans*, who tried to bo g^rvul and suooMcli.'d only ia bdog poiapous 
•ad olaoure. Gray, In ht« quun, eloistor, Iwl the life of a roeliiM antl 
fiiUowvd htK o«D faocim witb little direct rcr«reiiee to the jiiiblic oiiiiiion 
of ampted diaitensent of litvnuy reputation. But no man i^ really 
hAfmimtt of bis tuoe, and Gray had bia alltes aud biii foUowBra. 
Aaoo^rt them wn toen still worth remembering, though nil of tbom, 
Kba Oray biniMlf, stood moi-c or Ims apart from the main cnrr(<nt 
of fitsature. In one of hu early lettnni be speaks of the Odm just 
^^ibbibcd by tno young ntitliorv, who " both dcetr\-u Ui last »ouie years, 
boa wiU Dot" Collinii, tbn fin«t of thcao, hax laatMl, though ilMtiiied to 
■a aarly dwth, and acareely more Toluiuinoiis than Gray bimaolf. Col- 
Una^ like Gray, was WDMUve and soUtary, Ihuugli in a ntlLl more morbid 
di^iva. It >■ reoordtfd of him — and I know of do aimiliir case exof^pt 
ihftt of lAudor tu regard tu Perid^s an-l A»pamu — that he i\-paii1 bin 
pTiTiBrfcrr for tbe loss inciured by hie Odes. It in, perhaps, not irrelevunt 
Id add that hut mind nxm gav« symptonia of approaching imbecility. 
Ttm olhn- yoang poet was Joix^h Warton, still ittui«tiil>«red for h'a 
tmKfcn Pope, the elder brother of Thonuuii Warton, tlie hixturiaji of 
powtry ; and the two hrothcrs were tbe heads of wliat wa» oner: chIIccI 
th« Hhool of the Wartona. The " wbool " wea not a very large one, 
the poema of hoCli the brothcis — though Thomita b beld to he 
than JoMTpb — are not amongnt the things thnt have lasted. 
Tb* ioflMOCe of the Wattoos, however, wu vpry coiuipiciioiifl in reviv- 
ing the itndy of tbe ou-lier modeLt of our liti'ratare. Joaeph tried 
to pewuade the world — u[uiiioca«f\iny at Uio tlnio — that Popo 'n^iui 
bifciai to Spenser; and hia brother's history is a conmdenible InndniiirV 
In that reriral of iutormt in poetica] nntiqiutiai indicated by such works 
aa Percy's H<liqur», or by the (bigeries of Cbntto-ton and MacPhenwu. 
I mi^t have qaotcd Joseph Wurton'a mrliest poem (1740) to show that 
v^M ia oatlnd ihe love uf nutuiv was by no means a novelty when 
Oray went to tho Ukce. li la enough to give the title — The Entku- 
fiast ; or, Tht Lover </ iVn/ure— an<l to observe thut Warton wtstira 
to mmi, himaelT on a " pineiopt precipice, abrupt and shaggy," and to 
Itrten to " Iteniait' blastb " and the sounds of " hollow winds and ever- 
I— tinj^ waret,** in the moat approved romantic laabion. Roth brotben, 
loo^ hare a taste for the " mooa-grown spire and cnimbling atch ; " and 
Ibn'a hart. iwt\ncU~one much admirod by Lamb — !» written on a bUnk 
InTof Dugdale'a i/owuiicon, mod expniMea bis delight in surreying the 
iMirda of "ckatAr'd piety"— 

Jlor Pio^b. nor barrrn. mn the wiwJing vaja 
Of hoiW Anti(]>iilj, but >tm>N witli flowrn. 

^th« m 



rodi the our " of UuU " «lirine bftrj " Mr. (Jnty, for wboao Ei-yy and 
ffaf-l ho <>j:pn«tvM th« wjumext KdmirKtioa. 

Tlio Rimiluity of taHte nliown I>y the Wartous ouil Gny do6i noi 
a(i|)«iLi' to bsve Id to peraooal ist«rcour*e. 'Dutry wen (liTided b^ lh«t 
bnmti, Uiough to Ute outward world uiTiHibk^ gulf whidt still nepamtn Ox- 
ford from Ciunbrii)^. Gtaj's most oitbosiaBtic dbciplo, SUsaa, hailoome 
lutderbumftii^uorALC':tnibn<^;c, ftndltiefirrt porfonniuicolod toajiuea^ 
of uratA « ith Tou War-ton. Muod atteeked tlie JaooUtiKm otf Oxford 
in a poem cnllod /n», BtaLiiig, of ooune in a purely poetioal sense, that 
OxTtml men held * ' inferea] oi^giea " Ui the (ota of freedom . Warton repUstl 
in Teran which Maaon Admitted to 1w bettor than hn own. Modesty, 
lioweva*, waa not Slann'i irtrooK point. Vuan nftorwardit, wben ridinjt 
into Oxford, ha mntorited tliat he wag gl»l th«t it wu alimdy dark ; 
otburwiae, as ho inttmated, a nob would natunilly have jiatbered u> 
MWigfi his inflnltA to lb« University. Maaon's ode> and chomaee nre m 
obTioiiidy RD echo of Gray's that ooe U ratlier A-urpnaed to find Ctimy 
praising tltcm iu tan^^iuigo which inipUoe that bo was not aware of 
his rccpoiuuhility. Mmon himitolf was ooTdially proud of Uio ralataon- 
Mbip, tbuiigh ho toolc nmasing libcrtimas un odllor of his miiMl(T'» letton, 
and occasionally gave bioiwU' iiin vf 4X|UAlity, or ana |Mtronage, which 
BCrtkoonoosa little absurd. A more distant, but perhaps still more 
entbusiaRtic admirer of tiitiy woa Beattio. whono eariy odea (which bo 
jodicioualy end«tTourod to supprcM^ ar« fptblor echoes than Mason's of 
the 8iun« model, and who reverently Hulnuittwl hia be«t jioeni, tJu 
Mitwlni, to Gny's oorrection, and, uor« woudoful to idate, uooeptod 
ooo or tuv-o of hifl mtic's emendations. And, finally, we must include 
ID the schfwl of Gray the man whose levity and coxcombiy has blinded 
many roadetn to bit very remarkable abiH^. Ilonice Walpolc, who 
<juan«Ueil with Omy, ait witli many others of hit friends, for a tim^, and 
who, onlikf Cray, was thoroughly immened in the t.'cutnd curruot of 
London tiociety, waa no poet, but waa in thocoitjjh Rj-mpatby witb Uray's 
untiqitarioji tastca, and by the Cattle of Olrantu and the sham Gotltjc of 
Strawberry Hill did more than profoondor antiquarians to restore an 
internet in medieval art 

The names thus brought together, to which otberv mi^t of cowM 
be added, gire a sufficient Indication of the gcncml tendencies of wbat 1 
have enlh>d the school of Gray. They did not fonu n diijiie, like most 
schools, for they lived in n]mot« idgioas, and most of them showed the 
looohineBB and even aenaibility which is rub^«^d off by the friction of 
large sodetios. Tom Warton, who wss certainly aoduble enotigb in a 
fasbioo, was buried at Oxford forornrly fifty ycaia. Gray was so Mdadfld 
in his Cambridge clointer that tbe yaung men mado a rush to see him in 
later yMrs — leaving their dinners, it in mid. but that is aonrcely cre- 
dible — wlicn be >i|if>eured by some mro ncddent in tbe ooUeg© walks: 
fieatUe stuck with equal persistenee U> his ooUegt.' in Abordnoi, and 
could not be utducod even to take a ptx>f«Mot«bip in Edinburgh, bniog 



\y, thnt bis £»iay on Tntth woul'l expose him to un- 
im th« man mntropolitmn cii-rlo wliirh luimiral and re- 
f|«ctod bis uitii^uiai Hiimc. Tlte aWm, lodeccl, was more n»soD»bI« 
tiwa MftSMi's klnnu about Oxfot-J, f(>r tlio ceaay was not oulj vobnuioat 
ta Ite aUur. Uit Kn<t i>ace<><-(led in Qutkinj;; a great stir in the world. 
M— OB, iffUo. &zeJ hiiuM.<If Ju his Vorkfihiru living and bU 00101117, 
am u f prng onljr *t itiUnrnU to pity a f«w visitit to hi> nHstocrntic friends. 
And e¥«n 'Waliwlo mnde n kind of ahiun cloister «t Rtniwlieiry, KaH, 
Ifaea^ K man of the world, a goieip, and a polilidan, wan as irriUiblv and 
na^MT a eompwuno ba tlie nust ntind or hermits. Tho gi-mt mnvn- 
mantit vt thougbt ji^mei^ly sprmd, it ui Bupiiasod, from the metropolitan 
eoitrMt wJan^ )nt<'ll<vtitAl Acti^'ity ta ttimidwtod by the coDHtaut col- 
Ifatal of vger luid nccitwj minds. But u new taistp may moke its 
a[^B«iaiirii in tlie cOnxn to which M-jiaitiTr men iisUre from the imoon- 
gpBMl Atnofphnrt) of Uie world, and iniltivntn nt their caw what is 
flnt an iulit-idiial crotchet and uflerwiLrds derelopefl inKi a fuhionKble 

Gray, Iveyood nil doubts was the one man of genius of tho aciiool 
aAer Uie early death of CoUina, for it wotUd be stniaod to kii'^ a higher 
OMM tlMU talant tmm t« Honco Walpolo's rocaarHblc inuiHoctual 
limilj Tom WATUm'sliIognipher (it is impoaEiblc to sjMAk of Tbonu8) 
Ina^rswii mi eUhornte pnnllel^ in the proper liistoriuU bahion, Iwtweco 
liii boo and Ony. Thej var« both dons, profeaaon, studcnta of anta- 
ijnttin, loren of nature and of the rotnnntic, c»m[x>9m of odat. and bo 
liardi. "Die paiallel ooutaina a good deal of truth, but it is Donsiatcnt 
will) ao amuxiii^f contrast. Tom Warton was the thoroughly jovial, 
lirHyrrHt^ tloo of the period. His poelry~«veii if his Triumph tif'Iai4 
l» <i p Mior to Mmod's frit, and his aoauetd deeegrre Mine praise in a 
eeubaj btma of sonnets — is not genomlly refreahiug; the poor man 
bad to anotmct aomo of thoao Ihnciful pioofs of vorw which laurcAlcs 
to tlioa* d^ want bound to nwnufactare for the soT^r«ign's bii-thdity, 
■ad CDS cannot g)anc» at them (nobody can read tliem) without pnjri>iin<l 
vftBfmtitj. Bat biM humorous rerMa luru still n pkanuit ring i»bout 
tbNB. Tlmv ia a contagion in the cnthuniuun with which he oele)irat«a 
Ifae rirtam t/Oxfonl ale. Wlien he imagioea himself diacomniunnd for 
Ub iadaJf^cc, utd amble ev^n to gvt longer " tick " at the pothouse, he 
daria^jrooiB|HraihtmHetf to Adiim oxilod ftxnn Faiadise. In anotber 
poOB we }mn the chanu:t«njfLio tj-iuuiph of th« steady don^ who baa 
■twefc to a bachelor lib, ovtr tbu aisgnidcd Ttctim to matrimony nnd n 
miUp tivfaag' TliBS will the poor fellow tamuit as butdMr'a bilb luid 
it Ibas baootne heavier year by year : — 



Wh>^ ottw wowmI tka Msmaa nom 
1 (iiiflMl mj d&il/ plpt'a pfihnc. 
lUd« for » MtOBuli, a»d tiHpaMid 
At Mw*«l bottling* to*i» x ltcttd. 
AmI ■lis''! nftUi»J. uoirrobM. ntAv 
Tha portnit of »dt pioof tonadar! 

Tb«u of course nn jroatbfol productions ; but, tf &11 take Im troe, 
the tastes deBcribed did not die oat. Oace, it b wtd.WHrUm'ii prcKuai 
^VM roquircd on avmo gnud public Fuaetioii. Tlie Profe>«or waa bot to 
■round till lui itignoiooa pemn rngf^esteil that n ditim and n 6(e iiboTiid 
be atint throvgU Llic streets pCTformiii}; a jovial and Jacohitc tune; and 
b«foire long the bw«* n«t«a raticed Wartou from a jHiblic-hutuc, pipe in 
mouth aod with rumpled bands, to be misenbly deceivt^ in Itis hopes of 
fun. More iTodiiubIc, nnd nppnrmtly murv authentic, anoodotea rdnts. 
bow ho took pATt in ih<^ bovish pninka of liui hrotiier's pupils at Win-' 
Chester, and onoe at leaxt coupowd a oop; of I^tin \-eraes for a yoatli- 
ful fiompauioD, and iDait(t«d u|>o[i takiu^ th« half-crown wliifth ha^l boea 
offered as a reward for their oxcellpucn iKforc th« mild impOHlura waii 

Most mon gpyf tirod of pi|>m and ale and tho jolljr bachelor \iSt of 
common ronnm soon nitrj- tltey ha%'e put on their maator'H hood. Id the 
old dajB, bofore coUDiiauoas and reform, what tbo UntTengtics wartj 
more fr«|u«iil1f regarded a« a permanent rotrmt for mm who ootild 
s pt|H) H miincient itiilicttitutje for a wife, such jolly fellowa as Wa 
formed a largt-r jiart of the college sodety. Most of them, howevor" 
were duller dogs tlian Tom Warton, who, with all Ills u^oyment of sncfa 
boavy feativttiee, managed to write some labortous books. A proad, 
totddions, and ezqiinitnly wuwitive man lilti- Gray l(x>ked upon the 
vhole scene with infinite contempt and acorn. It does not ajtpnr to 
Twy clearly mftdo out why ho should h&ve resided permai\eutly at Caia"^ 
Age, eioept for the sake of the libraries. Apparently be bad rosentad 
eomo of Walpolc'H mipcrcilioua conduct, and possibly candttct wl: 
deaarrca a harahi^- namf ; for it is iuiil that Walpole opened a letter i 
[Jr c s ned to Gny in the expectation of lindiag »ome diareapectTid notice of 
Anyhow, C ray erased Walpolo from his list of Ericuds, tbot^ be 
l,4Xi&aenl«d to resume aequsintanceship. He mi^ht prevtonsly have ood- 
IdMOenil'.-d to accept somv of the npjiointmRnts which \Vali)olo oould hATOj 
'iQasily prociii-Ml during bi« (niber's miniittry. But Oie father waa tni 
out of olljce whilst the son waa a discanled fHend, and Gray, unwillii 
to enter the ati-i^ggle of pvofeasional life, settled down at tbe Uoiveraify,^ 
tltongh bo always ngaided it and Its iuhabitanta with un'pialified con- 
tempt. Gray — as lit» tettem {irovc — had a very keen tM'nm: of hiimonr,J 
md when ha ehose coidd put a very e)inq> edge to his toi^(ue. He II 
hiji fdlow-retuileiit:i know tluit he llioii;;ht them fooU— an opinion wbleh 
tfaey were perverse enough to ivaetit. Tbo poem with which he , 


cm fint mturruiig Tram his tnveU, heatM & Ififmn to f^- 
', is ■ curioua contrast to Waj^n'ii oDtbiuiMtic Triump/t of Wis, 

lUU, benen, hall I j» ar»r gloonj tiowtr*. 
V« ()«ihi^ fatiM Mid aiiUqiiiil^d Unmn, 
ViltPn nuhjr Oanu* riowly wioding AmhI 
fKrj«tB»l dnv* hii honid ima of mud — 

Dg of bis □iwomplinientaiT adJrcss to his atwut mntrr. " At 
iiac," eotye ]^it, in that style of dfJictotm pomposity wluch 
■ his iniraortAl wig. " in wtiich Mr. Gray spolce «o conteniptuoualy 
,ef OunUvIsc, tlint very Univcnnty abouixlDd in men of ei-uditiou and. 
witti whocn tbe Srat wboUis would not liaro diulitined to con- 
■Dil wbo olull couvict me of oxa^KOratSon when [ hi-ing forward 
^ttw iuai(» " of Uh iouDorbil ao-«n4-M T Tbe niunt« inctudp, it is true, 
iwfaidiluiiTRtiUa right to ««poct— Bontley, ■WnterUnd.nndConyerR 
lgMtll«rf«i^ titr example — but the moat eminent wcru Just dcnd or 
dying wIimi Cny entDB into residrac^ and dij^ifiod heads of houseK, like 
BoBtlAjr mai Wat^rUnd, wei« in a Mvonth hfiaT«Q of dignity, qiiiUt in- 
•ceMHl>Io Ut tb« yonthfVil poet. It duvs not now nppo<ir Uint it can over 
hftva Itetn a gr^i privilege to live in thn Rome town with " Provoet 
Bnaps,* "Tanstftlt the public ontor," ch- " Ashoton of Jesiis." Gray 
Icaew Mopthing ei Middl«Con (who di«d in 1750, whon Omy waa 34), 
of bla houM aa th« only one in Camhridge where it waa easy 
and he t«ke» care to add that evtm AUddlutoii woa only on 
■oqnaintanw," which u but an indiOcrent likenns of a friend. He 
fSMide a firw inlimacwe — chicdy with younger men, Ukn Maaon, who soon 
. to b« re«d<fl»t«— but tbe bulk oftho University wm in his oywcon- 
fwjiinilii ; and, on thn whole, coiit(>ai))urnry ei'ideocu would l«iid to the 
ODachwMi that hii! ofinioa was not far wrong. Cambindge hnd pos- 
wmmtA tmj nninent men in tho days of Bcntley, Newton, WnUrland, 
Bharloc^. and Middleton. and it haa had very eminent men at a later 
pOBod, but Ony was hiuuvlf almost tbo only man in tbo middle of th« 
i^tMSth rentury whom auybody noed earo to tvmembor now. At. uny 
rala^ lltere waa a large proportion of that alo-drioking, tobacco-miolciiig 
•teataat amongst tho jolly fellows of tbo combination room, whom society 
Warloo mi^L relish, bat wbom Gray if^aidoj with aupreme cnnt«mpt. 
The Mkw-connoDcra appear by hiit anxiuTit to hftve mceodod in 
•odarity tlm yonn^ gvntl(*mm who latdy exhibited thi-ir H-nito of pkyfid 
iomoar br iIHacini; ecrtaiu statues at Oxford. The wits ofnutrarlier day 
.|M>urGrajria ftiar of hitt lifa. Ueordcxod a ropo ladikT, to Iwablc to 
bi)> roODUtu ORHi thoy Hct the colle|;e on fin>; anil, if I 
the tradition rigbtly, they wt a " ttooby trap " for the poet, 
and, muiif* an Rlarm, induced him (« dcaccnd hia rope ladder into a 
water bott Aayliow, poor Gray waa driren from Petorhouse to 
Pssthntke, and there ^tnwtetl hiB mind from the academical aotsoa by 
a ananm rf irtmly wliioh, woi-din;^ to hi« admii-ers (hut wlvo ahftU 
rfor thaadiotnn> I), uaih- hitii jrrofoundly familiar with nvery bnncb 


of ImtdIii^ except matbemaliiai SlJMawlulQ lua appeaninreiuiJ mimnGra 
VM« olcuUUid lu emphSBue sod prorolu the matual tliElilce liDtwcea 
himaelfftitil his rougher HumraaduigB. Bis roonu werv Krajiuloufily 
neat, vjth migooQCtto in ch« vind«we uul flow«n alcgtntlj )>lftiit«d iu 
diiaa vmHw; lie K]>okc little iii genenJ ncie^, anil comjiilml biting 
epigraiBsor elaesicnl jmnH with a. derisor; niipUf-alion to liin npcctaJ 
SModatas. In abort, in outward afi)>eaTBiim ho boloogcxl to the clan lop 
cr petUvtattre, mlnc'iDg, pi-eciae, aflected, and hb littW in hanuony vilb 
tiu xovdy foUow-ciommoacrB ns Hotopur's courtier with the rough 
BOldien ou thf IxtUo-GiiIil. 

The want of hanaonj between Gray and bis iiurrounilin<^ goes far to 
explain bis Bingiihu- want of fertility. In Tact, ire may nay — without 
any want of rewjiect for a venerable instdtution— that Ciray could banlly 
have found a more iuiiwaj![iu)ial nsdpDce. Caiobriilge boasts of lis 
po&ta ; and a Univemity may well be proud which h*s tuul, amos^t 
many othcre, xuch toniatea lui Spdiiitor, Millcn, Dryden, Gray, Colnridg*, 
Wordiworth, Byron, and Mr. Tcuuytioii. I f n Keltic ebooaes to uiik what 
share the ITniTersity can claim in atlmulntiag the geniUR of those illuw- 
bions men, the answer mi^ht lie (lii&cuH^ But, in any cane, no poet 
except Gray loved hia Univeraity well enough to booome a resident. If 
it wen not for Gny I dionld be incUned to guess that a poet don wati a 
contradiction in tenns. The reoKm is very obviouH to anyone who hius 
«t\joyed the lattct- title. It is nmply that no atmoaphen can bo con- 
caved more calctilatnd to stimulate that exceudve fastidiousneaii which all 
but extinguished CJray'tt productive faciUttoe. U* might wrap liimsclf in 
simple contempt for tlic nJe-drinkiug vanity of don. He oould, in Uie 
old oolite slang, " sport his oak "and despise their milingtt, and even Uio 
ehouta of " Firo ! " of thu worthy follow^commonei*. But a poet requiroa 
wmB f^ympathy and, if pOHible, Bomo wor^iipp^n. The inner divlo of 
Gray** intimafcRS waa naturally compoaed of men Jaatidioue like himmlf, 
and all of them more or less critica by pruffrxMion. The reficctlou would 
be forced upon hia mind, whcat-vor he thought of pubtiuhing, Wliat will 
be thought of my pocma by Provost Soapo, and ilr. Pnblit-Onitor 
Tnnstall, nnd Asbeton of J<«ii«, and those other luminaries whom Dr. 
Parr commriaonites ? A ml undoubtedly their first thought would bo to 
ahow their claim to liteimry excellence by picking boles in their friend's 
compOKJtioua. They would rejoice greatly when lln-i- Puuld show that 
&cultiea aharpenod by the dotoatiao of false i)»iiiititiiM luid alipH of 
grain mar in tlieir pupils' I^tin vctms were (M)aal to the diacorery of 
golecuiaia and defective rhymes in the work of a living poet Oray'| 
extreme t^tuutitivetieM U> all such quillets of criticism is markml ia i 
poem be wrote, ilad be been foixed to fight his way in lit^-niture ! 
would have lenmt to swallow his scruples and take the cbiuicv in a (ni'i 
give and take stn;tggle for fane. In a country' livii^ he might have 
Ibigotten htH tormentors and bare marri«l a wife to necure nt Iragt ona 
ghly appreciative and intelligent oduuro'. But to be sliut up ii 



■efaolaetio eliqne, how«v«r littlo ho might nspeet Uioir IndiTidtisJ 
iu, to bftve the ciaX of oomliinnUon rooms ever in his Mint, to be 
by l*ui<U oF ftrornnonA) critifii nt every turn, wiut im though a 
bin! nhiiiilc] luiild over a wasji oest. The fil^if mul tho Otlmt 
, atraggled ioto eDCUitence, though mticli of tItotD vns written bcfbn) he 
' MiHieJ down u A reatdent ; \m,i iiray, bke miuiy anotlier don of ^reat 
■TiilHiw, fiiuith«d hut ft minute fragment of tho work of which ho more 
or la* oDatczupIntcJ the execution. Thi? U»ks n>Dt«mpUt'.<*l hut ii«v«r 
eMnM out )<y mm In hut jiogilion would makn > mclancliolj' nnd 
OEtanETe catAlogne. The e0ect of thene influences upon bia work is 
pklpaM* to vtwy reader of Grnj. No English pMt hu ovor given more 
proof that he shared thai swrat of clothing vrnn nn ohvious 
bi ia m»joKlJc uul nwounding IftOKiuif^ whicli wc nulumll}- call 
HnoiifHt be nodwtlj HH)rt« that Ik> inherits 

NoF tho priilo nor ample jiuiioa 

ThKl ihfi Th«lMn oo^ bear, 
Siiliiift 'ntJi impraDB Jonunioa 

Thnaili the amrr deep or air, 

jiMi that none of his oontMnponu-iM — perhi^n noa« of bis auc- 

-conld liavc eqimllod, io dignity and riclin«t« of atjie, the tioU« 

ia whli'h tliut phratre ooctirv. And >vt ve mtut alao foi>l thai if 

*aa^a» lin anyti of Drydon's, is borne by "coiu-Rcraof otherool race," 

w ooniUintl}' cliRcked before they can get into full career. He 

> as if the auno deep nta« the naUiraJ home in which he could 

like the eaf le without |>erce])tib1e effort. But the niogs 

beftav Uk; am irdl unfurled, and tie nrngmficent atruin coum 

t])# promised aatuf«ction. Etoq the EUsy tiftj^ ft little 

lend; the "hoary-headed nwain" beoomes rather flnt in liis 

nmribb and tiie concluding epitaph bne just a Uttlo too much twiuigof 
efiJgnmiMrtic Bmartneax. I fully agree, indeed, with Wolfe that it waa 
a fiu* gvnater u'hiet-ement to write the EUgif than to otonn tlie heigbta 
of Alnua, and, for my part, bold that only a soldier, or author, or dri- 
Uaa ef tiltia-military enthuaiaam eould suppOHO tlint such a companaon 
inTolvnl fDnilncvittiou on the niile of tlie gtni«nd. Oray and hitt poraona] 
adminn nem to bare be«n annoyed at th« preference giron to thie above 
hii other writings. It proved, so he arguetl, thiit tlie Ktupirl puhlic rarad 
for the Bill i'7td <if the art; that Lhey lilcful the AV<^jr lui tliey 

liked Bln-i , and would li&re liked it lU) well if the aome 

l^Mghta halt bren cxprcmxl iu proee. Undoubtedly the public will 
alwwya nfuao to make that distinction between form imd tnnttci' whirli 
««■■ feo important to the criLioal mind. Tt in not, Iiowcvit, tliat thoy 
are BBkdkded by the ortiatin ttkill, but tlwt ihey arc sITcctvd uncon- 
It. Tlie taeditAtiona of iihiir, of Voting, luid of 'Hemj, equally 
liar in tlidr day, hare fidlen into dtsrqinte for want of Lha inqniaitive 
of bugnagn which luw prMerreJ (he El*tj'j. It ia a oommoD- 
to my that the power of giving froshneea to MmiaoD|>lMe is 



anofigtt tM luj;bo8t prooU of poeticftl g«uus. Oae reasQo u*, app«r«atty, 
tbal it is ao dlfflcnlt to extract the pure uiJ eooobUng rieueat from the 
ctMurer njatenaJfl in wliicb any iib>'ious tnitb conuM to be ombedilod. 
The difficult:)' of fueling rightly in m ffrmi A8 the diffi«uUy of Gadiag & 
worthy trttennoe cf the feeing. Everybody xaay judgi; of tlm dilBculty 
of Omy's taak vho will attend to what pamm at a fiiwr&l. On fmeh ma 
oocafiioo oD(3 is inclined to &ncy, A pri&ri, mourners will dto)) all affectK- 
tion and speak pocticnllj because they will speak frDin tlielr hearts ; but, 
a* a matter of fact, ibore it no occauoDon'ivhicbtlicavisgttiumUy sncb a 
[aviah axpenditare of pniartil RUii jnmiig Mmtiisimt, of vtilgnrity, afltet»> 
Uon, and inainccrity ; and tUiis OrnyV nieditationa »tMid out Aroni other 
treatmenld of m similar theme not meraly by the technical meritB of the 
lanpiage, but by the xdminhle truth and piuity of the anderlyiug wnti- 
Ueot. Tb« tumpUitioa to In too obtriituvcly moml nod impro^'iiig, 
to indiil^o in inuppropriato epigrnin, in ulinni fn^inj^, in idle MpUs- 
liy, ill stniiued and exaggerated jjlocunitieiM, or even on occaaioii to 
heighten the eflect by inappiopriate humour, !» so etroog with moct 
people that dray's kindnen ojid detioBGy of feeling, ([uaUties which 
were perceptible to the despi&ed public, must be nigardwl an cob- 
tributing <)uite m much to tlio hiioccm of the JStegi/ &» the todiniml merits 
of form, which, muivo^'er, can hitrdly Ixt iiopHnit«(1 fi:«m the merits of 

Indeed, whon we come to the other odoi wliirh liavc Bimilar qualitiog 
of mf-rc! ittyle, we are at no loss to oxplatu the diflcrenco of reoepdoo. 
Tli« beautiful Ot/« tijuvn /Hon, for example, comcb into conflict with 
one's common sunse. We know too woU that an Eton boy U not always 
the happy """l immaculotc cnuturo of Cray'B bncy ; and one feels that 
tbc refliwliuus u[>on his proWble dL^;;nulAtion imply a fit of tempoi'ary ill- 
humour iu thi' |)o«t, Mipor^'Uiiiug, 110 doubly ujwnadeeper vein of m*dan- 
choly. Thfl scntinient is too Kpletnotic to be pleatdng. The Bard, which 
baa, I suppOM, bflon i-edted by schoollMiyit aafkeqnentlyas the>/^^y, ut a 
murerairious LiitUcationnf tlie peculiantira of Gray's meUiod of composition. 
Muooni^vit) ail account of tho remarkuble traiuformation which it under- 
went. Clray's first intention, it ii]i[>Esani, wng that the bard should declon 
prophetically that poets should never bo wanting " to celebrate true viitue 
and valour in immortal htrains, to ox|>oRe vice and infamoua pleasure, and 
boldly cetwum tyi-annr and oppression." Undoubtedly this g^vea A 
meaninjf to the ode wovlliy of tho beginning. Tho rictim could not 
make a more efifeetive retort. But, unluckily, when tbu bard had got 
into full awing it struck him thai th« Cictn were not what bFa tlieotj 
roquirod. 3hakiq>car«, myu Maaon, likcil Fiiljil«ff in i^itc of bia vicee ; 
Hilton oensDred tynumy in proee ; Di-j-den vma a court pamate; Pop*» 
a Toty ; and Addison, " though u Whig," was a poor poet The poor baid 
was tlKreforc in the miaenblc position — oooof the meet wntcbcd known 
to humanity — of a man who has begun a One frpeocb and does not wa hit 
way out of it. If Gmy bad taken a wider view oT the poet's tnio func- 





to inighi BtiU luvc fouitil sflnia eubodimttnl tvr bis thoii)i;)iU ; for 
:K^1ii& I>«t»7. thoogh it may not hftvw heem Whij^inh, mny cerlninJy 
b nipidvJ u tJbu fullrEt u^iM^uaiun uT Miu luone liboial muI linmait)f^!nK 
niini|>limii of the world vrhiob hsTC to etruggU afpti&st Uic |>«dni)try 
■ml tauTUwnni of pitwaic iirofvSKiouMl theoriscin. Btit Uie Imu-<] tvquii'eJ 
•Nad Whig [Nwtrjr Ui point bia mora), anil it vaa not forUicomins- ^Q' 
MiwaUj he hu to take refuge in tb(> vcsrr ecAiity eensolntion A^ordwl by 
tbo Imn e«B«ctian Uut Sjimiser, Bbskuspoitv, aaJ Milton wtjiihl tx-gin to 
Tribi ■ooM tuno alWr tbo (IcM-'vudimtii of n Wcb^imiui Liul uscCuiJcxl the 
tiaaoM. Ob* would not grudge any KtisAictioQ to an unfortuimtc gentle- 
■u josi »bout to oomiait iolcide ; but one must uliuit tlial ho was 
■■ly planed. 

Tbii «u)t otmuf toainl idea convertfi the oda into n. mt of BiJentUd 
fngsaoU of TtnK, which ncarccly hold togetlier. Coatcmporafy ci-itica 
•MifluneJ grievonaly of iU "olMcurity'* — a pliraoe wbich seenoa ill- 
flaead to «■ who know by «])«rieQoe what obscurity may I'eally mean, 
Aa liaeaxity retnornblo by n ali;;hl knowludgc of KiiKli»h history and a 
of tlto (act that ICi^^luird It. ix aud to hftTo beon stftrved 
o( stabbed, aa in Sbak«8p«ant, by Kitoo, in not of a Tory ^evons 
Uad ; but the aWucu of nuy tntclligiblo muLtve lu tlio bard's final 
nftfum bt more BCtriotiH. A poet eurely might Imvc act»l upon thn 
UaUpU four le»faiu theory, and procmdcd to make his genei-al aasei-tioti 
t wajiing for oooGrmatory eridonoA. A writer who, like Gray, 
hla pootry line by lino and tiiroadH the ]>itKW»i over yean, Beeow 
to &U into Ui« aame &altB which aro more frequently due to baBte. Ho 
cmr bia ooBM^rtJuni ao }oii^ that he beoomea blind to defects obviona 
bo a ftfA oW-rver, and tathor miastea hia point, as ha inUtMluccs mintitc 
allfrr«tiatv> without DOlicLug tbtar eObct on tlic contact. One wondere 
kfw a nan of Qray'it ei({ui»te peitxptiou could linvo introdttced tho 

Aad gsfgaoui duiM, aaiL rtkioonwn cJd 
In Uud«4 Bigtrtjr ii]i|>««r— 


Hboat vneiiifi that we are only mvcA by a eomiaa, and a comtua eaaily 
B H| t actad, trom nMiinung timt a Jnlia Paslnum would twen n uRim! 
|dWMO— ino al the oouii uf KUatbeth. Correction rmitinuLid aft«r tlm 
ftnhiMHi of Mm imjimsion ha« di«l away is apt to lead to such over- 

IIm launod and ftstidiotia don ahowa throngli Uiq inspired " bant " 

l«y loMBy equally untimt«iraWi* indicaliona. Hia editor, Mitford, collected 

Bflxalvr of panllel panagBB whish etiriouslyiodicntnlliitth^reoinwbicb 

dwaintsntsd wHh roooUootionior pMticnl litrmlure. It w^mK 

%o be auw e nnai J w cd aa unjiutifiiiblL> pl&^iiu'ttui for n poH to ftsfliiMihto 

t\.t- i.1.rjmiof hUprnkconon. Wo may, in.lrt>.l. find almuilnnl |«Tnifii of 

. with Shakeajwrnr* In 81»rjley, and in moro ittvnX writn-s ; but 

i th«« uufouariaiJit kin!, nnd would U- nvoi : j 

The pM3t« 0^ tiiu I;u>t tciitiiry, oiirh as ' ' h 

tOL XI>— IKK 23iD. U. 


noons IN A LnjH.\RY. 

Biul (Mfiecially Fo|m), Ititd no Kcrapleit in Uie mitUtrr. Tbedr voric Aid not 
ptafooi to bo ■ stuldoii and xpontanpcuui iimpiniUan. It wta a olnw 
dalraratiou, with wliu-li tl wns jicifivily kllfiwnblr to interwoare iitiy 
<|Unntit7 of jn-oviomiiy uuinuJiiclurptl tunb'riiil mo long us the juneiim 
wu not (»li»hlf. nray'a MdnptntionK nr^m wniiptinm to lunku llir whok- 
tivuc pf Ilia pudry. ITc ouiu to itn iinMn^cioiu ap]>ri)(iriati'>u froB) 
OrccQ (author of Dip ^/i^h) of tbc tnnlii Dmu^ht of hi» O'lf t« M< 
Spriftff, tho compariaon of inon to cplii-iiirml i[i.-c(-4.i. lint e^'errlirm liR 
ia ^xiiig out plmMMo which bo iiiwt ptrvioTt>^1y nMiiiuihiti^l. 80 in tlw 
very K}(irit»] tnuulatioii firom the Nors», ** Upnwo tb» king of men vEtli 
Bpeed," ire b»vo « Term fi-nm the AUrgm — " Bight i^jninst the Btstcm 
G*t«" — vroppiog up nutnnvlly in i\\a\« n fpMih connwiion. A nogln 
plinm Meius to rombine «OTer%l semi-rorwriows recollections. The woriU 
ia thn Bard " dou- ns the rvAAy drops that wnna my hcmrt " come from 
Shftlcntpnafe, and Uie preceding " dear be the liglit that Tisit* those snd 
Bfot " nun ]ierha{M from Otway. But it is uselusi to acscumtiUto uut«noeB 
of «o {ttlpable K process. 

It is only in chnrncter, ogiua, thnt Onty tihoiil'J ham cinng to x 
peculiar dietuin, as ho vrould faiive uuLsted upon wcariiij; his propor 
Acnd^tniml oottitUKi tn n p^rfomuutce in the iuaiAte-honM-. He trotiM no 
mora havo (Irop{«il into W<inlnworth'fi renuicubu- thui he fro»]d haw 
wnokod a pijw in 0110 of Worton'B pot-houneA. Wordsworth txm- 
aLdered this dignity to bo unnatural pomposity; aod undouhtMlly 
tho languago if fr«)HeatIy conventional and " imnntiiral,'* and a 
stuDibling-hloek of offe&eo to the genertition vht«h gave op wigs. 
Equiilly annoying was Gray's iinmeatie delight in m>iu) allegorical 
fi^irce. We have vlwlo catoJogues of aTMrtmct i]iiftlitii-s scaroply per 
sonified. Ambition, hitler Hcom, grinning Infamy, Falivhood, hwd 
VnldndocBO, kL->cn RcnionN?, und moody Madco«t are all collects] In on* 
stanza nob cxraptioDnl in stylv— boingH which tuu» arc almost iwoRcu^vo 
as the raiiM wlioin be him pmtty woH rftincd to invoke, though bo ntill 
appeals to bin lyre. TliiH fiwiiioii mu^heil \\l^ cuIminaUng point in the 
cohtbiated Lux'ocatiou, souicn-hero recorded by Cvlmidgi-, " Inocolataoo, 
h(w.vfnly maid \ " Hie pen»uified qualities am a kind of (»ding "sor. 
viv.ij "—gliosis of the old aUc^rical persoua wlio |Hit on a mtbcr mora 
solid clothing of flceh and blood viiix Spmsor, and vith CIray aotrcely 
patting in a stronger claim to ritalily tlua is implied in tlio vm 
of c^tol lottern. Tlio "louna" wore neorly extinct, and in Pops';* 
time the go«i« and goddeues bad oomo to lie regarded as ta ornch 
" machinery " iiiveiiteil by Homer to work Iuk epc pootry. Ttipy wwe^ 
ia loct, paadotui and <]uaUtie8 iu BMaqtuinkk) ; ami they Uiordbra found 
it Toy eiuiy, iu Uie next genaniUou, to divip even this thin db^uise. And 
fit theoutelTcs for pwtic usage, not by taking tlm name of a pagan dedty, 
hut by u 8im|ilo ty|ingrA|ibical divioc 

What Would iimy liavu duiie tmdor nniru cungniial eircumstuucm 
if bo iiroduGed such imautuU« fii4pQ(3ita aodcr euvh advorw conditicnui 



rWco ItU t"«iTiJn« tfcrmf*T!P.I t^ choke lib fin'.-w-Ijen Itis (ix<|uudUi tastr 
■VMM pam; - ■ msm^-;, nml his temper nn(! jMMitkin 

^im*bpl iL... >.. ^ : ,ud intulkctoal iDOVctucntof tlie Onyl 

IVt)ia|M — for tbn ivjtinn of (be tni);ht-liiim-]>ncn is boundless — be Woulil 
1 1 ^ le." wortliy of « pliu« by 

. i tmvo (lobn uotbinj;. It 

aa ami ' ^* u( ihe tiimgiiuiuoa to pliiw our fdvoiirito ^utliors 

JpTbiii .<>.. ...!•« aixl nTntcuii>K, nni) to tmco thnr lty[Mthvtical 

aent a aiiturv tarl:cr. I tiuicy thai Omj' would linvn hariod 

TniEii t)m pultlimi pud N'ulii ions wliich 

■■ '! tiioTV iiftivp npirit ; he would hav« 

HoliDD* anil AIiiimonidM, vnA fonnd i7ni|mtl»otio i'Oini>iv»ioa- 

oopil t' ' ' riilgu Plntonist^; he would liftvp written some 

»l of II .1 a-wiit', t*hoi"riRg nliipcitdotiM luuning and 

Hj^ht, nn I pnwfhly hnvo <^nipoa«d Mtna divine 

--11 of IIi>nry lloro or Johii "Somi*. 'Wurloii, 

wunltl at any jtcriotl havn eojojtvl Oxfonl nle, and joined in 

• amg, ■■ "■ ' 1 1 rHp go bim, go hni> ; " ho would have aoniA- 

ajiBi. .1 OH llio rumltlp.i whrre bo was Uirown into flt« 

1*T IfJT tisi'riiiiis to the rihnlHty of the hurjjo^ at the bridstc oD<i ; 

iti trtill hsrn \tffn nn imtiiimmn, nnd hiH nntf' liook mi>{iit hiivo 

lltd c|iinitit Bcmp« of Imming tu the Analomy of Mrtartciiofif. 

■I •]( tho world in tbft country iMrson, 

H' .11 brniziH for conn>ilH worthy to >« 

Ifl thn Dunt faAbiniinhle comiioftluoiis of Donne or C'owIpj-. 

faljM'lp would, of coui-w, have hMM at any time the prinw of 

I wYHitd b*TO Itnpt raoat jitdinotulf on the «nfe side in tho most 

u'l, und liiLYii roiuc JDnL nmr catni^h to collect the 

ij'LiIb in the courts of tbu SKiwu-tH ; but prohnbly hia 

, would b&ro tfd blin to drop in ooraiiumally at tin mivt- 

tutttlit Itrn'nl Hoctoty, and to Itare b^-o ouo of tbi; «nrl/ 

rni»Wiit..f«ii ("f a tti-'" for anctvnt marhlea or a judicious pAlron of 

., hnrdiTT tu nsifi^'u the pm:tKo plucc iu oiir own 

.j_ irbrt an not eo JiRtinctly nOirlnvl off, aj»d ev«a 

t samety aflT>nl a Mlbfaptory rofngn for tbo wuuMdio 

- luwitmr' tliat cni'h of thoni wotilO Iiavc 

l^-R ti-J)(, an*i liftvo bf*!! ihornogbly on a lov*! 

> of LL«tr, wbcibcr for IIlr^'IIff!V»I arcbitec- 

■ ' ihat ftlyl* wbk'b i-' calk'd aRer tjiioon 

Thm n- inal N'pwnion mw fmm hia windows 

II of IiLt [KiriN-tiiiit ir-Menc« in Mio 

'H wbcu Warlifn's toHlciw in iho 

and >Viirton. in iiiritu of Uiat lov« of nlo which ix 

~ *' I it elioiild lio in our {inpnwftioaH of bin 

iil>t huvr, iHNnt A mcmbrr of Uiat school of 

bi> wrcttMir Hivt bbe gmlcint ontaninnt, and which haa given k 


new mcnning to the old phraso Iligb Church. It was ninODgat the 
Wartonsfuid their fiicndstbat the word "Gothic," uscdbyoarUerwritere 
an n ^iIIlp1o term of abuse, came to ]iave a more appreciative meaxung; 
they were the origiiiatois of the bo-called romanticiBm made popular hj 
Scott, imd which coiintti for bo mucli in the Anglo- Catholic development. 

Tlio i)ai-a<lox, in short, witli which I started comes simply to this : 
that Gray and hia friends were eclectics. Tliis taste for the "Gothic" 
was a kind of happy thought, a lucky discoverj' made by men feeling 
round rather vaguely for a new mode of literary and artistic enjoyment 
— not i{uite content with the exceedingly comfoi'tahle and respectable 
centurj' in which they lived, and yet not clearly seeing how to improve 
npon it. Horace Wal|)o1o, tlio shrowdeat of all and the least of a recluse, 
was, on one side, a thorough man of h:s time ; he was a freethinker of 
the Voltaire tj'pe; believed — so far as he believed in anything — in 
Poi>e'3 poetry and Ijocke's philosophy ; he sneered at enthusiasm and 
Aenti men talis m, and at any revolutionary movement calculated directly or 
indirectly to deprive Horace Walijoles of comfortable sinecures. But ho 
had a ta.slo, and money to B)>end upon it ; so he miulc Gothic chapels and 
halls of lath and plastei', played with autiqiiaiian researches, and wrote a 
romaucc which w;i« made of litmiirv lath and |ihujter to match the materials 
of Strawbcriy Ilill. Grjiy's dilotLnnteism was far more seiious and sys- 
tematic, but it necca-sarily took tlio same dii-oction. He did more than 
dabble in autiipiariaiii'im ; he reail witli insatiable appetito ; he became, 
I 8upiX)Hc, ]u-ofuund in Gothic arcliitec-ture, so far' as isolated eSbrts could 
make a man profound. But his attempts at putting his theoiy in prac- 
tice were clearly of tlie Stiiiwherry Hill kind. He instructs bis friend 
to buy bits of plain coloure<l glass, and arrange the tops of his windows 
in a " mo.iaie of his own faiipy," only observing that, to give them a 
" Gotliic aspect," it will b;* enough to turn tho fi-agments " comor-wajra" 
Tlion he manages to procuic " t-tucco jwiiter " at 3i/. a yard, which ia 
" rather pi-otty and nearly Gothic," and ap^tarently i-cprcscnts GtoUiie 
arches and niches. It will produce an awkward effect, as lie admits, 
wlicro the saltern has to bo tinned tho wrong way; and, indeed, he 
is awake to tiio inaibijii.tcy of the crudo revival. Painters, as he says, 
make objects which arc more like goose pies than cathedrals. The nev 
toy wa.s still in a very iia|ieifoet ;'.iul rickety state. 

t)nr (if tilt) <|iMinte.s'. illusliaiiuus of the Golliicism of tliat time ia in 
Mason's AV//(j(/i 6\;/-,'i». It i.s a wenry bit of didactic poetry, and a 
most aiiiialilo ami li'Tiicut ci-ilii-, llarthy (.'olorldge, pronounces it to be 
the dulh'st pooiu which ho ever iittcm|>tcd to i-ead. It is hard, saya 
t'oleiidgf, to suppose it '■wliuHy dcstiliite ol" Wauties, esiiccLilly" (why 
e-sin-cially 1) " as it consists of •2,i-2'6 lines of blank verse ; " but ho does 
not Bcem to have discovered any. Had the critic jiersevered to the end 
of the fourth book, he might at least have been rewarded by a smile 
at the author. Aloson tries to enliven his performance by a gboej 
about a pattern man of taste and Tirtn^ named Akander, whow bagieil 



am wolhH hy religioo nod landKatw gardcouig. It ii Miongh 
to Budos hia {jcrfomuukCM in tlio Iftxt capicitjr. AlcauJcr, as hie imme 

(Ool^ Ul nSBiist) «liM> buiBOCiy nmlta 
Fiuh) dimiitai pona. 

I AJcuHier vliowB Lu tario b>- u nMtorntion In the tnaoacr of tli« tiioo. 
Let WW/ vtmetiuf^ li« proclaims, 

oMidf uI for ■ ttrm 
Aiin to Fulk-HmUanm; thu hngp ^arti 
Shall with • mwl: portpollu awo iha ip(t» 
Wfaorv Orra ratariiig, o'tt IIid ll«il- ji«w>f (!'»( 
]■ r*'^''^^ ii-iiimpb ivIm : rotaa (uwrr ruliuul 
Sliall to Ul* |>'i;oMUi Bod ihuir ntlluw ruui^- 
8«fr> rtnd oITikI, nr^I «)rirrjp Wu Km troA>l 

Gir* rptM to «ta1l the htUtr bcuI Uip KmiI. 
BaaWl pwli ii«n, Elxn^li tnmnl lo rxn\ a>^ 
PoMJia iImi lyn Willi tbiws ImJiI friklb] f»rmi 
WKirfi Pdii'j' loTnita(t>u« vk. 

[■lUananratOi adoptM n riniilor niclbiMl 

Ti» IiiJe the ■Irumrc rule olier* Wiwlw poand* 
la cooiic I'll l'i> nin^i'liiliuau liiinr ; 

bi» its luiitBti and (Utry lebltul n uiodern " tiiiic-ittrock abl>ej-.*' 
thai di'^ilkp thosc n<lruimb1<> qnntitiva of head and licnrt 
enable Iibn tu linar iritli i-csJj^tatioD Uie tiicliuicholj dnitli of a 
cbnrtJ object Ue finally oonsolni himecir l>r (ilaciiig her uoniimcnt 
a riiain limnitxgR, Tito Golliic reviviil of n cvnlitrjr ngo lound^ 
I klwnl Mkon^li U> our mrx, awl it Qiiisb be cnnfca-od ttiat otir foolery in 
mora tjttttBiatic nod Mirntiflo, rs it u frolxibly taom ckftriictive. 
r, bappilj, did not " mdnm" liU casll", tiioogli b« Niin^nudvd it 
) f|aiTr tsirm buildings And bmiid-oew ruins. I'opo, it Mxmw, bud 
I (JMbiut) of lnad>c\j>> Liird'-iiiiig on ilir< liltic [<1ot uf^'ruiiiid wliioh, 
\Val|i"lr tells u.«, !)<• h-id " twij-tol iind twirlwl, und rb^Tiird 
hannatdaed. till it a|ipcani] two Or ^\ln^^ Rwo«t liltlt! Inwnn ofimitte 
opening b<n-<>nd onn onMiirr, t)ie wbolo eurniim<I«d with tliiek, 
Jo •rmvl*." MuMMi, 8iira«*, Ktwrmtoiip, mid otlipr penwn* of 
lAokcy not*) ' : Ut their ojif^rtunittf^, to pruniotu tiio 

I Klvlu in wliictt, a» Mn4<un 

lUsnl viOi Wvlth 



To plu that f 

Ittimaaaamn (li» rtiff ouuiJis tl><< clij'ix-d yc<wa and holly Ilc<)(^w, aud 
' IpHitwtric patiri-tii f>f " tonsilii l-ox " willi Urn teni ot ii n-funner. 
. Iliwff7 Rcenui to )■> tbai n pu-dcn onsbi to look wt if it wi'ro not a 

86 HOrilS IN A Limi^UiY. 

^1-doii. Tlic c]lMIl^;t; of tasU', liowevoi', wa^ ilou1)tlo>s uyinptomntic ot 
tlia growiug "lovo of natui-e," tlioit^Ii I tlo not jii-eiiume to diacoes its 
iut>rits. It wnn f\ <Ievclu))iiioiit pir.illel to tlic litcini-y cliiutge implied in 
thci'eiiewoiltiwk'fiirolilUilln.ils, fgrntvliiiicjinctry, or wlmtpiissed forfiach 
iiiiJev tlic nauics of Ow^iitu iiiid IJowli^v, auil for Elizalx'thiin litemture. 

Siicli testis, li<)wi-\L-r sigiiilieiiiit of the inlvcttt of a litoniry i-ero- 
lutioii, dill not imply any iwolutionaiy [miiiose in tlicir cultiva- 
tors. If Ciiiy luwd Siinn-or li<! was even rnoTO cntluisJastic alxiut 
l>ryileii, from whom lii.' lu'ofcs.-ii'il to liavt^ Icanit thft ai-t of vcraificfttion. 
CowiJor triwi to snjM.'r.M.'de Pojic's Ilomi-r. (Jmv dfclared tliat nooody 
would ever tmnslato ][ouici' as well us Pope Clifiy was n^ oi-thodox in 
his litemry a-i in lii^ ]lhilo^o[lIlic!ll profession of faith ; and liLs most 
avowed disoiph' ilason was<, ou thu whole, of the same [versunsion. In 
Wui-ton and Beattio there is chiarly some ftutifi[>atiou of Scott's ro- 
manticism, bnt Jlason's ex|x.'i-imeuts wore iiither in the classical direc- 
tion. His Eiiijligh Gni-'l-'ii was his uio.'^t jionderous and nnsucccssful 
p«i-forinniice. In sume (ither efloits he showed a keenness of style, a 
causticity of satii-e, which induced the late Sir. Dilkc to suggest him 
(not fjiiito seriously, 1 fancy) as a jiossiMe candidate for the rfucationablo 
honour of heinj; tlic real Junius, It would he difficult indeed to imagine 
that Junius could hy any pos-ibility have Ijcin a country clergyman, 
living' for the gieate-t jwirt of the year at a distance from the political 
gossip of the dny, however much interested in the spi-ead of ^-ound Whig 
piinciplcs. It is amiisinj^ to I'&id the con-espon'lence between Mason and 
hia two friends (Iray and Wali»olc, and to note how tho respectful 
discijtle, reverently rcc'«'iviiig from his teachers little Lints of criticism — 
laudatory, it is true, for the most iwiit, but also dashed with tolerably 
shai-p sarcusm— gradually developes into the rather dandified clergy- 
man, anxious to show that the man of the world is not altogether sunk 
ill tlie riistic parson ; that ho is no pedant, but a man of taste, and 
cai»ftble of tufrging his remarks witli hita of fasliionablc French, and even 
of occasionally rc2)aying in kind his correspondent's affluence of tho 
latest sciindals. Mason's clerical gown did not sit very well upon him, 
though he seems to have been conscientious and independent, and not 
without soma geimiuo kind1iDC>s of nature. But he always gives one 
tho impression of being out of place in his cassock. It would not be 
easy to find a more quaint oxjiixission of tho improfessional tui-n of mind 
in a clei-gyman tlian a defence of Christianity in one of his sermons. 
"If," he says, "the liritish CoTistitution will not enable a man to dia- 
peuso with religion, wc must admit that nothing can ; " and ho pi-oceedn 
to establi-h a pi'0!xi>itiou whicli certainly would not l>e considered as 
rcquiiiiiK defence in a modern pidpif — tJiat even the Magna C-harta and 
the ISill of Pkif.'hta did not sujicr^ede the Gospels. Jlis claims to be a 
conceivable Junius scorn to depend chiefly upon tho clever stjuib called 
/Ifroic Epiatle, which is an amusing burlesque of the ai<chitacttirftl 
crotcbet-s of Sir "W. Ghnmhoi-s, and implies a want of reverence for 



0«^ n I. MuoD UwV tmmMiic t»iiu lo ooiiol-aI tlio nutlionJiiii of tliU 
•ad warn Ices siMMSwtaful i>e({uelA, tuiJ ib> far fulluwoJ lhoBtc|ia orJauiuH; 
lH»t it i> inijiandbti! to tuxy tiiat lli« ^rant pniDjililoUH'r u-mi]il have 
niMlc cueli a caclilir'.); over sucli a ti-idn, or liAVe !«»]) no iteuutivfl to the 
finiw* of bii coufitlftnt WAl[>ole. 

limy apeKlw of AfHMio'it " iiLsaiiiiMo rerui-niiug aiuuth," aud rem&rkg 
Um& Iw lw> DO iMMfious " <au'[iL u litilv tiMiliou iiu'l rcvcn^" Thcro was 
«gaail(l«3Ll ofaciilit^r iiibis nature, developed, pcrbapa, b/ LU uncongvnkl 
laMtiuDUMj liy (lomciuc trouble, if ho luid not UieniuccKir noA foraa wbicli 
make » gn«t aatii-ut ; 1>at in ewlior <]a)-b Gr&jr found ui bim a Rimple- 
IT *■****■' and eaiUioaiasttr disciple, w]io iXHid little ui- iiotliirig, Init wrrote 
nhnfiif"MY. "and thai witli a dcaigo to make a fortuiiv 1>}- it." His 
Iwu yortBh Sy'rida and Varaetaev4 were fniits of tikis early fiueooy. 
IVpy barv bM>u critidwd ekborately liy Ilaittej- Coleridge, but belong, 
I thiak, to UiaL kind aud cinaa of literatura upon which Ecrioua critiiieoi 
vooli] ba mUier vMti^d. It is sot tJiat tboy nru liad; rallier tboy 
"'Hlfc'*t ui uQComforUiltle rvQcctioa upou tli« (juautity of real taleiiL, as 
«cU «• cQutdeutioua vffort, which nwy b« thrown away in producing 
vork tnuutekably wvond-mU> ai)d void of genuine Titality. We can 
tetter tstimatr tbr rn^treme iiirity mid value of ^cniits liv mEfiBiiriuR it> 
i^iaai tbo ■rliievxmt.-iit* uf nuuHrkaUe dev^niMs. Ilaatily ivnd, or 
nad whiUt atUl pow^-sNing the gloss of novelty, SXaton'ii wurk iiit);lil> 
look like Omy A. 1 \ku-; for cxamploj is the first staniu of a ohorun from. 
Cantctaetu, vliiclj Gray not only piitiMxl to Miiaoh, but dies in one of 
kk noiet a* a pmofthalaiibliiueujt* ix>uM still be wntt«n iuKnglkh : — 

n»ri ! hMinl ye not jron flMtMl«p dNuL, 
Tl'ftt abook llic RUtii «itli Ibaail'itoi; tread I 
TvM Vtolh. la hiMU 
Tlio VKtiiur fa^l ; 
nV'li ••'wrr-l hi* tialwcJ bwl: 

' ■ uaiU I raukM tiJn :>!ttcM ; 
I rpaiUiniinrliu (pMir; 
int arm thu fsli-liiua vieU ; 

lawfter quotation might he timoinn \ but Mason cootinuee to tlie end 
with all the uiniitirr of a griiuiiin poet, ami <lotil)tk<ss chealei) himnelf 
•a wd] aa Gnj into the impD-uion tlint ho lind the roil fltuflT in him. 
TIm e*lf«t i* rwBjicelable at a little dLitniire, thoit;;h tl»e work will not 
bear a raome:.'' ' lion. 

TImj gm- -..of U»e plays, liowe»'Br, Lt more to my purjioHo 

than ih^ tutTtit^ oi Iticrr nxecuUoii. AC thul time tJio worship of ghftko- 
■Itfarc, tlioni;h Mitucrtitnin extniTafrnnt, lind ocit lierome » mnm idnvi«h 
idubbry. U wai rtill i)^nnittc<l to w» upots in Oip hud ; ami not yet 
GMhionablu for [<(ieU to try Lu rvrlve tlip Ktiinbethiui .ityle, though Mason 



miule vuc fwbte alU-uipt ut it yli\y " on tho old EDglub aioituL" Gray, 
with hit catholic tji&tc, ndmiivd Kocine, and began a pU; in imitatioD of 
liritiiHtiian ; Mid iha faithAd Makhi docidod tljiit n " oMiltuu] belwom 
tbc French and Eagliah taat« would be preTenible bo eitber." Ue bad 
niso ft tknay tb&t tlie uieieait d>ortu might be KBtored, so as »t onfla 
to (pve f^reator opportntiitieH for poetical deicrlptiions nnd tlic f(rftccfttl 
introdociioD of " moral r«fl«ctioD8." ^ougli Qray ridicnlod hU wgu- 
metitx prctt}' sh-iiply, he stuck to bis pUn na obMinatdlj lui Sitni Waller 
when ianijftjng, in dt-fiiuioe of potcnutl mnoostnuioee, ui>od a poe4i0ftl 
oaaelauou to hut )dv« lettn*. Aecontingly, in Etfrvia and Caradactit, 
c«rt«m bandn of Brittith riifjnii and dniidx talk th« twaddle and bant 
into Um lyrical irraleranco which are the function of a chorus. Slaaon 
tiad abundant self complacency ; and though his pLi^ bod only a mode- 
rate HUccQH, owing to the tj&d UiatL* of the puldio, hv folt Utat his 
iaji«mouji eeleoticiaiiu combined the various merits of Sopbodei, Bftdaa^ 
and Shake^More. Uiuucoonfiil autliors nay well invoke bl«erings aa 
tbe man who iaventod conociL Bnt SImod, alter all, writes Uke a oul- 
tivated Hehotar, with aenabiliqr to poctio execllanoe, though without real 
poeUo power ; and if we laugh nt hiii taote, our grandduldrea will 
probably laugh with equal Gelf-satiAfaction nt otus. 

In tnith, thi^ fashion of nriting plays not intouded, or scarcely in- 
tended, for the stago, of which Itlnson was one of the first or^inators, ia 
cbaractertatic of tlio whole school. I will not urgoe a largo qnasttoo 
here, or deny that somethiog may be snid for the practice ; and ret it 
Mems M though a play which is not to be noted baa a more than Hii[;er- 
fioial rawaibUocu to the fcudnl caatlet) which were not meant for dvfcaco, 
and tJie ahbej-s in which there were to be no monks. The farm is dio- 
t«t«d by cnoditiona which are no longer pnsicnt to the writer's mind, and 
ore therefore apt to be a mere oneambraoco. If yoti btiild a poricuHis 
to let in cows, tiot to exclude manrauders, it is apt to Ijecome rather 
ludicrously iinival. If you know that your play in to bo read and not 
to bo MOD, tho whol« dramatic amuigemcut is on the way to become a 
men sham. It does not grow out of the {loetical conception, but in litted 
00 to it in compliauco with a faahion. Why bo^er yourself to uitke 
tiio actont tell a Ktory, whon it ia simpler and easier to tell it yourself I 

In tbi-t ecnse literature grows mora " artiRcLal " as it is cncumbctrd 
with more dead forms having im eigotBcnnoo except as nmnante of ax- 
tinct conditions. There was a time, wo aru told, when art wa« perfoetly 
spontanixiua, and the critic was hnpiiily not c^ustent. People MUg or 
iwittid by instinct, without wking how or why. That goldrai age — if it 
ever exisu-d since men were monkeys — Imd loog pasned away etvn in 
tlw hcpnoiufr of DKKk-ru Ut«mture. Bpenaer and Shakespoace, for ex- 
Jimple, |>rolnt)ily thought nbout thu principles of tbmr art alnost aa mach 
ns ihwr iiimlenicritira, and wcrtf itery conacioiiHly trjiiiy ux|>crimoiita aud 
■tevieiog n«w forms of expreedoo. But, as the noxious animal <>nl]od n 
critic becomes rAnifiant, -vm bavo n different pliaiie, which sci'tns to Ivi 



itod bf tlio tame of Omy and bin fcSIown. Ttie diHtinctlon seenis 
U> t)i»t tb« critic, aa be |^W8 mora ooncetted, trot oaXy Ia\'9 down 
nim fbrlh* goidance ct the imn^tutivc impti]!>c, Imt begins to tUink 
^Mm'r'f aifKblo of fvoduciu;; uiy ftivui i!0oct nt ptooanrc. Ho baa gob 
I tbe boUoni of tli« wlioh* ntCair, and eiin tell you wb*t U tho cbcnnicnl 
i of II //a.' ' ' 1 ■. AtjametiitMn, or nii Ift't/f, mul nin iJint^ 
' taMb 70a wliAl ' ''-> 8?I^cl an>) bov to i-omKino iticni. Ho 

mn fi»e joo a raci]« fi»r au cjiic |>oem, or for conimtmicaUu^ tlic [u-opei- 
iM»titrr&l or cliuwtnl H&vdur to your |ierfonuancu. IT bo U n£ clc-rer n 
ima u iSmmm, b«i will jH-rha[M fft a littlo rnMlier, and shov noL onl;^ 
kev loextnurt tkr |H^riilitir '-Tv-t^'in-i^ iif n Ibu'irtn nr n KluiVtMjii'irc, but 
^i«» to mix Itfl i-eatiit so lu to |>nj«Iu«' soiuetliiug U-tttr tbiui rithcr. 
^^■b oam nvfioot bo has i-lforly mode nu wlvnace. !!« !■ Iiegtnning to n[i. 
^^ncJBie tlio newMsity of a bbtoncol attidyuf lUflbrcnt Htciwry fornitt. In 
^ock qtMint, ol<l-fA.<Jiio4icd criti«tsin lu AdriieoQ npplird to Milton, vliero 
Lapg ia ^. luiii AiiototK aaii tbf Iraxneil M. IWxu »tv invoktHi as final 
aatiwritiM «bu<il tiio 'Titltlc" nm) llio " iDncbictciy" Rnd the rlinractor 
of tfci! ban), «rt! pacuive that the critic ta eUU [tei^inadcil timt thf^tv Li 
on* kbHlatMly correct nnJ iafaltible code of art, applicable in all times 
taA fWv. Milton iiD'l Ilouicr &ro K';;ardL-i) tm WIoD^-ing tv tlie fume 
diW, Awt ftt* to tio jiiilgt'rl l>y Lbo samp lawn. Tlio lat«r <x-iti{*, tnking a 
widtr turrvf and mmmagiiig nmonj;8t U>e aiiti-jiiarian nLoreti to dian>\-ci- 
tmy p«uii bidtlm under UryonduBt's aeonmalations, htgui to kx thai 
Itav wcr« uanjr didtwot tyftca of art, ntch of wlucb [tasiCMed iljt ou-n 
rbam sdH eharactiTintic cxcdIIciicc. He scaiTcly saw At tirit ihnt (-neb 
fbnn WBA aba t)i<^ oiiL^rowth of n partioularGut of conditiotu, and conld 
not Iw imxtucftl itidi'jwutli'nlly uf tlKW. It scvuiil cttsy tu rc^Uirc any- 
UuD( tint atrock bitn na picturcwrjuo or ^raci'ful. U« cotild giro tbo old 
baUad air 17 an nrbitmry eoralrioation of bad spelling, or malio hiH 

K '~''M >I abUiy out uf • Kcitf piiiitcr'ti rautciials. 
Tbi# early tmeo cf erilin> hmt 00 diiwl hosrtility to their own ccn- 
r or to ita early clnanniliaui. Utry u«n) not tconoclajitR, but 
only aiiliiMT aoOM new idol* to litf old iiautboon. They nlined 
H r i>f UniT and moro 4?ntbu)ic> tmHn tluti IhHr n9i:,'lil>otini, 

^^ ' < fitriid Uki bofki-H i>f rrtliuiJoxy, to rt^x^il llin nnn- 

H UuMW whirfa liad b«en ttrouounc<>il iific^ tlie " (jtothinam " and Imr- 
^^ laffism tif UUP old aubtiom, not (O auatfaviimtiiin ihc existing order in 
nwnt^ ITicy wrro qiunt, ortlio'lox, miJ Bahntantially conwi-vatire, 
«TMi if Mminally Whi^^-i-sh, tind fnanvl or dot«it«d rovoluttonnry im- 
pMbMaf any kind fcT'iu ihr )i(>(tom of tbclr lioula. Soch tne» as Alnsuu 
or tkn M^artomi tried litvnuy experiments wbtob ar« now of do 
((voai valtw, bocuniH tSivy n-jirflacnt at hret tin* atlpmpta uf a Rii|M>rS- 
cial ronnalMmr of talfint. They cU<l Botuvthing by altnctin;; intercat to 
iiMamtifM wtiidU prO'loopd grdaU'T rMiiltK vbvn carrii^l on l>y luoiv 
tkaroagh worker* in the Mimo mitHK Biii it U aho tru« (liut they 
wcs« anounpil the finL to Call into tho bliuiilvra, einco rep«ai«d on n mont 

0— » 

90 norim ix a liuiiaky. 

}{ij^iiiitic scitlc liy siici'<->st.>i k, ^s'llo Line tiiid mora Bj'Btematiatlly to gal- 
vaiiLM' fxtiiicl foriiin into jl s<L-iiitilancc of vitiility, 

(.•ray, tlie iiiaii of iv;il jioclic genius, wiis idso, if liis frieiids judged 
vi^litly, the moKt [xufoiiinl iiutiijuarian und the most deeply read of the 
wiiolc school. JMiiiiy uf liLs critics Inive Iniiioiitoil tlie time which he 
i<l)cut in milking elitWnilc! taliks of chronology', in stiiiil)'iug genealogy, 
iind annoliitiii;,' Du^ilulc's .Uini'igticm, or ( J losicr's //w/ory <if the Chine»e 
])i/u<nftiri<jOr thi.' A'i>/ro'//(ji'].iiiii;i'us,whi'iilie might hiivc been writing moi'e 
olcgit.'s. Tlu'ii' is NO niiii'li to rcgitt iu tliu world that ono would not waste 
much hunentatiun ni'on uiight-liart^lA'cim. It in n thonMoiid pities t^t 
Biu-ns took to diink, tliat llyron (iiiaii-cllcsl Avith his wife, that Shelley was 
drowned In a ^iiiidl, und tli;it Gray waKt4><l intclloct n})OU labours which 
were ubaolutely fruitless ; Liit wo cannot afroixl to Hit down and cry over 
it nil. Wu ninst mki- whut we ciin get, and lie thiuikful. But neither 
L-iLU one <]nito atrejil thu <)|itiini»t theory that Ciray rodly did all that he 
fould have dime undir dilUrent ciix:niu>^tiineeH. The tire was all but 
choked hy tho fiiel. und the eloihteis of I'enildoko acted u-s a tolerably 
elfectivc extiugnishi-r iijion wh:it Wita left. Tho iRvnliiir merit of (iniy 
i» tliat hi'Imd fnrci.' enough, though only at the i-ost of hIow and laboiious 
travail, to find an utterikuce for geiiuino emotion, wliich wofi enriched 
instead of lieiiig luadi; unnatunil hy his vnncd culture. The critic in 
him never iiijuivd the ijuality, liutonly rcduwdthoiiunutity, of liis work. 
What littlti hc! hrft i.s uo porfect in it8 kind, ko far above any contemporary 
l)eiforDiiineeH, hcciiiisu he novtv forgot, like Homo learned i)eoi>le, that the 
ultiutat'j aim of tin- jioet i^lioiild he to touch our hearts hy showing his 
own, and not to oxhihit his leai-ning, or hiti line taste, or his skill in 
mimicking tho uotfs of hi^ predecessors. He could mi-cly cast aside his 
ivserve, or forget hi.s academical dignity enough to K^XMikatall; butwliMi 
hc (loc.s s]>eak he always shows that the genuine depth of feeling under- 
lies the crust of pi-ojuiety. Hc cannot drop, nor does he deaii-o to drop, 
the conventionality of style, but he makeji us feel that he is a human 
lieing bofoi-o ho is a, critic oi' a don. 1 lo weara stately robes because it is 
an in^-ainod habit, hut hc dol^s not sup^ione that the tailor can make the 
man. In his letters this as clear as in hU ikkjU-}-. His habitual resei-ve 
rcdtraiuM him from sent imentdising, and hc generally i-elioves himself 
hy a pleasant vein of suh-aeid humour, lint now and then ho speakn, 
aa it wei-e, shyly or half iifraid to untiosom himself, and yet with a 
pathetic tenderni^ss which comjucrs our syni|utthy, .Such is ihe lieautiful 
little letter to Mason on the death of his wife, or still move the letter 
in which he confides to his fiiend Xichols how ho hitd *' discovered a 
thing veiy little known, which is that iu one's wJiole life one can never 
have moi-e than a single inothci'." Sterne might have wiitten a cliapter 
of exquisite MJUtimcntalising without approaching the iiathetic chaiin of 
that single touch of the resi-rved and outwardly [icdantic don. His 
utterance is wrung from him in spite of himself, and ^till lialf veiled by 
the qnaintne-ss of the ]iiir;iM>, 


Gray'B love of nature sbows iteelf in the same way. He does not 
make poetical capital out of it, and indeed ha» an impression that it -would 
be scarcely becoming. He would agree with Pope's contempt for " pure 
deecription." Fieldeand hills should only be admitted in the background 
of his dignified poetry, and just so fiir as they are obviously appropriate 
to the sentiment to be expressed. But when he does speak it is always 
with the most genuine feeling in every word. There is a charming little 
description of the Southampton Water and of a sunrise — he can " hardly 
believe " that anybody ever saw a sunrise before — which are as perfect 
vignettes as can he put upon paper witliin equal limits, worth acres of 
more pretentious word-painting. He mther despised Mason's gardening 
ta8t«s, it seems, on the ground that his sham wildernesses and waterfalls 
could never come up to Skiddaw and Lodoro. To spend a week at Kes- 
wick Ls for him to be " in Elysium." Ho kept notes, too, about natural 
history, which seem to show as keen nn interest in the behaviour of birds 
or insects aa that of White of Sellxtme himBclf. And yet his sensibility 
to such impressions has sciiii'cely left a truce in his ])ootry, except in the 
moping owl and the droning flight of the beetle in the Ekyy. The 
Spring has to appear in company with tie " rosy-bosom'd hours," and 
the Muse and the inaects have to preach a p&tlictic little sermon to 
justify the notice which is taken of them. Obviously this is not the kind 
of mountain worship which would satisfy Scott or Wordsworth. Gray 
was, perhaps, capable of feeling " the impulse from the vernal wood," 
as traly as Wordsworth, but he would have altogether rejected the 
doctrine that it could teach him more than all " the sages," and resisted 
the temptation to throw his books aside except for a brief constitutional. 
A turn in the backs of the colleges was enough for him, as a rule, and 
sometimee he may thoroughly enjoy a brief holiday by the side of Der- 
wentwater aa a delightful relief after the muddy oozings of tho Cam. 
Nobody could, in this sense, love nature with a more sincere and vivid 
affection ; but such a love of nature is not symptomatic, as with Words- 
worth, or Cowper, or Kousseau, of any preference of savage, or nwlic, or 
simple life to ^e existing oi'der of civilised society. It implied tit most 
the development of a new taste, inadequately a]tpreciated by tlio 
cockney men of letters of his own or the preceding gcQeration, but not 
that passionate longing for relief from an effete sot of conventions, fxwt- 
ical, political, and social, characterLstic of the rising school. His head, 
when he travels, is evidently as full of Dugdale's MonnsHcon as of 
Ossian, and he reconsti-ucts and repeoplcs Netley Abbey in fancy to give 
a charm to the Solent. He places in it a monk, who glances at tho white 
Bail that shoots by over a stretch of blue glittttnng s<^t vi.^illlu Wtwcon 
the oak groves, and then enters and crosses liiuiscif t^) di'i\'<; away tlin 
tempter who bos thrown that distraction in his way, (imy liimsclf 
pretty muchsharedthesentimontsof his imagined luonk, and only catches 
occaeional glimpses of natural scenery irom uic loopholes of his retreat in 
an eighteenth-century cloister. 

/rciwb aiti) (English Iptrfures. 

"After nil, Pronce is n liiggor ooiuitry Uinn England." Kiich vab Uie 
trite reflection whicli I nuwle to «niK>l« utTnlf for tlio imprnuion pro- 
duo«I by tlio iinit glimpse of th« Paris Salon, nnd hucIi ix the pover of 
platitude Uint it (liil bring to lue aotue tatuM auiotml of nmsolatioD. Bat 
■nrhon onncnin«( tn «miu<li>i- tlio mutter raiwfiilly, there doas not Been to 
1« any very ]iotciit ixason why tiic alio of tlio country should reodor (lie 
iin-utij^euu-ut of its picture gnllcnea 8Uf>crior in pro|>ortion to tliat sire, 
but raUuT thu n)vnr»o vruiilil ftxm likuly to )w tlio cuso, an<I Uie mniUla- 
coontry vould bo i;xp4«tol to provitlc Mioqtwtfi acooniniodnLion for ita 
woiIb of urt with giv&t«r fncility. Taking otiicr tilings to he eqiuU, it 
muxL tn coitier to And room for a thousand pictams than for fire ibott.' 
Btuii], nnil ]>oudon niuat t« dmall and poor indeed, if tdie cnnnot afford the ' 
Kpaco or tho monoy to show her artists' vrork in a dcoeotly sstisfoetorj 
tnanner. Wc know, liowcvcr, that in truth London is neither small nor 
poor, and thnt vrhet) ntoiiny a rv\miti for any adequate object it flows 
iu rix>in many sourccn almost too profiiflely. Ts it possil)l(<, Iherciforc, that 
we do not oonaidci' it to bo on adequate object (hat tho works of our 
artiRts shotild bo properly displayed, that the aocommodatioii for meh 
works and those who coins to seo them sbutdd be ample, and ^at even ' 
thu minoi' wiuils of the visitors— ns, (or inatancc, rtst, Frcah itir, scnable 
i-ofresJiment, and perhaps cv(>» the pttoubility of a few wliifSi of pipe or 
dgar^should all be confidci'nl carefully 1 And if we do oo( consider ' 
Uua to be Qeceeaai7 or desirable, trould it not be well if we wore to 
pause for a moment in onr ndminition for picttnvs, and imk oureetves why 
we oro thuB minded— why wo crowd a gallery nn if it were a rsilwajr 
station, providecatablnsand drinkablm of a kind whi^h in unknown exeept 
during the mail Ave minnbeH which we spend nt a railway refreahment 
bar, why wo shut out the fresh air, and restrict the scats, and forbid 
Hinokiti^ aa aevorely sa at a Doress meeting t 

Think how dilTcrcat all this is at Paris : you stroll up the Cbampe- 
Elys^n till you ccino to a building which is about as large oa Charing ; 
Cross Ridlwny Hat ion, and you pay your (Vane and enter. Burely Ui]s< 
cannot be a picttire gallery I No one takoi away your uiDbrdla or your 
figar, and yoti advance into an raonnoas hall, roofed with f^lnss, and 
filled with flo»-i?Ts aud statnca — ^floweni of erery oonc«ivable kind, not 
displayed in (>oxos or airanged in gtasaes or houqueU, but growing in . 
profaidoii in Oi'^ Iihi^ htnh, and almoat ooncealinf( tho p«dartali of 
the statues ; every wIkto flowers nod wals, and graa[« of pnojils stand- 



tag Infim Uin Hbitiim, cbalU-ria^' and InDgliiitg, Bmoking, wLiBpoting 
mlioiBM, or tstioe, but ooilber latgrj, hunwdr twr tii-nl. And when. 
jom Imtc tlii* luitl au'l swvnd to tlw j,ii]liTiut mLotc, you still meet with 
Ite man unoiuit of rn«li nir and posNihilily of froo ittoromvnt. Tho 
roooHaraK) largr itod lofty, uad there are &o many of thetu, tlint Uioy nro 
BCTBT nnll^ crowded, utd own on Thuraday and Sunilay, irlivn llw 
pMfleM* ftdtnittod without payment, the pioturus c&n nt nil tini«> l>o 
ooBfatteUy eccQ. What nv^tn is thne in the onli^- of things wby all 
this ilwald not be tho atee ia Kngln&d t 1 will toll yoti ; for, Ktmngv n9 
it may HMD, thui tn^'iiftl tjnctlion of the ufttiii-e nwl arraiig«niuut of tbu 
oktbilion, loft<Ia uh down to tbo uiniu oiusn of tlio diflureitcti bctwwti 
WiBeki and Knj^lUh nrt. Tbo rMmu for otir iDdiffen-ncc to llio btul 
MWB Womt of our [Mcaum gnllis-im, b that vre do not mw for oui* 
II would btxrcii tu if tlic Prino: and PritKOsa of Wales wvrc 
ay, in au iuu on tku (•UI^'wmtr Road, btit we diould we do iu- 
LcoBCmityin bouiung DiirlM%l [licturvn in any watci-tigbt room, no iuatt<>r 
bow ttamfbtly Of bow inivnv«iicut. Pioturee orstatuos areoolhing tone, 
etopi appitjiiriato otjccts to lUl spaoeH on our walls and dark comem 
is our drawUig-rtnoi, aad,wcro wo able,wof»hoii]d dcgiwlc allthcltnitart 
p( KruVn-*, to tbo d«comtii>n of a aofa or the pattoi'u of u [ilato. That ia 
ik»imlntMja why no can ouir have ttncomfortahlejiictui^ gii11crip», 
hmhr^!" alike for iho arti^tn mid tfac sficctatora. Wc Lave, vre Uiiuk, 
gooa bayoDd art, have advnnocd into b^h intelloctuol rt^oiut whence we 
oaa aff>rd to took down upon tbo pretty iilaythinj; whidi him in former 
a((B nusad 1h6 eottmdasnt, hcigbtoticd tbo joy, and soothed, tbc 
manoWf of ovuFy dvilitiition that hoa left its mark itfion the world's hit;- 
bory. and aa woarrt f^win^; daily moro contcmptuona of art> moco wrong- 
bewlcd ID ow way of lookiof; nt ita i&flncnco nnd itaainu. Rightly 
mdHMood, tbo pnivnl fiwliion for art |)Ntroiiage ix even a worse sign 
tlaa ttw Defect llinl precrdod it ; for the faabion in founded upon no 
rml tora or wiifa (at what ia beaiitifhl and tru«, Ixit only on a sort of 
lo prarot to the wortd the night of an cnligjitcncd public wlio 
in n gcDeroua manner all the refinoncnts of lifo. 

This at lb(! fitvt doutniit Im^Iwwii tbo Salon and tlto Academy : that 
tbw t!rf4 with nil ila orrorn— nnd, as w nlmll [>i'oc«ed to ebow, thc^' art; 
vary mny aud vtty grtiA—'iM etiil tlm work of men who have in thetr 
iMBTta lb« right feeling furaTt,et-Rn wImoi tbcy&Jl to grasp itacxprtwion ; 
taA tiM accond ta tho work of tlioflc who do not in tboir boarta caro for 
art or andfwvtand ila power. And in each caw> tlio roa] moving ngcnry 
ii Um way in wUcb ihu nation ibinka; for it in thi- nation which luovcn 
tboariala u well aa producm thnm, and yon can uo moro 1iav« n bo<ly of 
fpoi arliils wben all lighi ri<eling fur art Itna bran lout, or is yot anborn 
ia tho bflUla of iJiB pwple. ib/ni roii nui havcfmit and fluwciD from a 
b^ wiUmot Uie mn and air wiiich nouri^beA ita {{rowUt. 

And MOW I can lancy tliatniy ivodm will In> likely to remark that 
ID tliu ■awiitinni. that art [a out rmlly varod fov and 



undentood hf tli« EugUsIi pco|>lo, uiil Uioy will [loitit triumjilHUttly lo 
the vmU-pB|)cra, dwloe, lustred |>ottery, nutl art iioi'JhvroHi, lUitl «*k if all 
Uiat dow not sbow iJie foitdueai of Uin people fur ait. So 1 will v«oUire 
io devotn a Tow wnnis to the cxplniution of wli&l imnKi to nut U> 
bo ibe function of lb« biglicet nrt ; for it is only by clearly UDUenitandiog 
thitt, thmt we can form any currcctjuilgtusat tut lo our own or our neigh- 
lulus' wu-its or aliortooimo^ To tlo LKto, wc uust oouiiiltf vcrjr bridly 
thg relation in whtdi {xiiutin^ stonth to the xijAer nrta of poeltj aad 
luiiidc. In t««ing'ft /^loeuon. iJiechiof 1>ook vhidi lins mated oiT titw 
i-eljitioii in any (u)e<]»At« nuiincr, painting aod Mitl]>ttir« are plawl ia an 
iofecior tvlatjon to poetry, the author limiting Uieir axproadonal value 
to one uutont of timc^ and tbmoc drawing Tarions couclutdons as lo Ibo 
iuiiiii'r rnuk lb«y muni uccftMArily lioid to aa art wUivh may cover aa 
nUooAt infinite nci-ieH of actinnH. So br lui thiii gora, it in timloubloUy 
correct; but Udoosnobgo faj- moiigli to expreiui tlie tmtL, asniay Ik* seen 
from thinking for n moinmt of tlic ecopo of ]>o«iry. lu tlie lii^heKt 
ilevelopmeotfi of Ibis art, wv tiad tluit U)o ciiief mcrtl in Ibat uf plm^inj; 
ordinaiy ovwite aod nctioUA bofocc ua in n aoaimar -vrliivh throws 
Ijgbt upon tikPfli — tho thought or the action baing i<rocis(> lUiil J(4inito I 
IjjjMlf) uo matCor bow many aveaueaof tboBghl. and feeling it may <f)fl& 
up — and, taken un a rul<r, we discover that in tli« gteateat poela the more 
Hinipic> is tliD niHterial, the more powerful is Its efleot. Thus tlie new 
light which Shelley throws upon Uio Hong of the skylaik, or the 
maniter in whidi llomor paints tti« flimplo lo^o of Hwtor and Audro- 
macliov is of grvHtor Yaluo than whcD the ono deKribeatlie divinitks 
of the air, or the other the tcTtla of the godH. NowamnB Droam ofSL 
Gtr«rUiit4 i« ma^iliecnt poetrj*, hut it iit far inferior to lua cic^reaaon 
of simpU* fai th in " L«ad, kindly %ht ; " and Teonj'Ktn i» greater, when he 
paints " the Jong fields of Uu-lcy and of rye, that clothe the wold and nuut 
the ftlcy," than wbeu be kIiowb ub the fairy barge moring aeroiM tbf ittiil 
lakn to the ialand-viJlcy of Arillion. 

Tbua the essential funi'tioii oTpootiy, is not to doecrite the Ihiu^ whicl 
have'* not catoml uito tlio bean of man," but toglorify tboaethatliave,to 
abed the inooncuiTablo tight over things not only ronoeivabli-, but trrcn 
coinmon, to toueb witli tho glory and the dnnm onr mo^ pro^c facts. 

Tim U the chicrf powi-r of poetry; and if you cjcamine the great 
uiastei'Si from Uomvr to Toanyeon, you will always find their priucipal 
Imau^ to lie in Uio faet tliat thuy liave bom oaontially human ia tbetr 
Kjinpathiui. Kuw think fur a moment of iiiufiic. Certainly it ia evident 
that the minion is widuly dillorcnt. You may ftladdon mon'a bovta 
with a tune ou a tiildlo, or rouao their wnrlikiM'tuo^iiat with tin- claahiag 
of cymlaihi and the bixyiug of truni|iiiLi, or wake thuir luu^littn- witli 
merry dilliL« ; but wboii you come to lauidc at iU utincw>l bciuht. yoa 
maki-raon neither gind, unr mij'tlifiil. nml, if ' iliw 

Uient Mul, it tA Uioly Ik' umiuw in them the u \\n 

too doq) for tmni." Notim lliat tlw^ gtvat ronljttsl of [uetcy and music 



. Uut iu Uu' t'.i^: i)ju i>oH. Uitiuiinutes liU fmuIm" witli fanmo af his omi 
wimlum, in tin* '-"""n 1 thr h<-ai«r ilUimuiiitcM liiutw^f. TIh< pOKi uuty 
diiwt 4iU' lli&ugLia uit'j a atnr cliAtittcl of fuller koowladge, tho mustcuui 
nrvMlstn tw ilt^iUuvuf r<«li»)! whkli lid bdiind our llioiigbU, imJaiovii 
mod nuMteiiorlcf]. Ilie one clBngcs. the otbcr cr«it<?s, TbuH, while n 
ncitKl fKunu will a\v the anmo thin^ to *ll viio hear it, a \Aoeo of groat 
muuu vUl lAjr iiK uiuiy iltiugKns iliom iLt« Iioktui-d. Its ItiMqiretstioa 
viU dcfMMl entirriy upon Ibe (wisoantily to wlioai it is ruUronod ; or 
mtli«r U Iwtf ni> ioUrpretAtion ot aII, and i>i )>iit ft rnnuu of cronting 
witlun anotliier a tuiuil some cunc«iitiuu which liss no bc'uu) nwNnlilimce 
Id tbe creiUixm jiOwor. >Vlint jioulry tuid uiukif <lu perfectly, [xuiitin^ 
itws i» a loner 'iogroc, oouliiniiig tbo work of both. It will vx])r<»iH au 
oU tUxy or Uiot^fat in n ntnr wny, oo an to sulil to its wouun^ ; and il 
will «fe moro Ihait lt>tii, for it will lake up the pi«viiioe of inu»io ftfter 
k»ving oxIiiuifUnl that oT ]KN.'tnr, an<l t>sprws in the barmoniBH of form 
Mid cufeur, lluit wliich Gndn iMrfcct cxpraBbit uuly in thu hiLnuutuoB of 
MWld. Thite, for inetrtnoo, you may express popfretly in [TOotry the 
boMtty of n fmJi niirin^ lUy. uiil joit tuny oxprtiu in iiitisio Uie gliuliinw 
[ioul which such a. i]ny uouvn; hut in )miuiIliu{ >li>iiocun yvu ooni- 
I Um two, Bntl uxpnua alike ilio gkulucBK nnd the beauty of the soenu. 
Tha two Kn«t ilit-inonH (if tho 1>c»t< pKintiu^, nii|^it bo called the DKiBicn] 
and tbfi peotknl— Iho Utter incliiilii>^ those works whcro th« lu-tut had 
afacnrtiftdeKr [Qtvrprvtnlivi} and itlualmliv^itilcntkin; the foruwr whore 
bahadatrivpn to nrrivo at tin- very \ieari of thiiigii,iu)dliad|)«iiit(.tlw|iitl 
w« aboMld rouiiMnly i-ftll an idml pii-tiiic. Bolow theso, ft^in, would 
cotnellip twocomlatiTeBClioolsof |>uro realism and unosMPntiKl idoalism— 
tJie MM whon; tha nrtlnt luul aimply coiijod iiaturu o» well na [Mnaible ; 
ti»i tittup wluir* 1m« itnd cliu^y tnijtrtMwi) anmo pawdr^ Ewntiniont of hifi 
•i." -[m mxup. Vtoat iboie we ahould descend ngaiii to rooorda 

v£ , ■■ ~ .. ..-,.m mdiktila aud {iicCuj'«»>|a« places, treated in a iaoc« or lorn 
pietoria] naniuT, luid to eomiafi from history or Hociul lifo ti'i'atod often' 
[w- ~ ^Itich la I tor may be brirtly definvd as ilie ntt«oipt 

( ' .ti only ho <loti« by intiMtiio ri>«ling and per&ct know- 

li«lj^. ilurn wo tdiouli) havi* pIt'turM of pretty dn.>«Mw, or old boolcH, or 
ff- _- - ■ -^■-. or any othn- lU-tilH-tnl pi-odticUoivt which lui[>penod to give 
<- '. tuuity for ^tUu-iu!; jiretiy ookors or ogrcotbls formn in juxt*- 

|MMU4Mk. il'l Itrivo pictnnn wliidi with iidl even 

laMatifnl I'T , . .< atU-ukpt« to exhibit the ulnAtoi'H skill, 

•■d Iu Mtr|a!h»e thi> apodator into adtnlniliqu. 

*'' 'i haa, I think, now Iiku naid U> abow Uii^ point of \\pv from 
L .ijtifiiim u written, nad wilhotit further d-'lny I will nowRpMik 

bneily <•< tito uioin points of dinviuiicu livLwn>ii the- wmIui af iIh! two 
wImbiI'', uii'l i"!^'' t> f'-w f\.nn|>Ii 1 fiTiiii lliin vi:!!''-! ■■KliiliitiiHin ill IHirif* 
mud l>in<f<)T> 

ijf till' .">«il'i(i, Wtt iiutinj that 
V. ■ ii-Qui. tJial uT uu lui^liih cxhi- 



^Ititioa, &nd the first im|irunlcii is to tDottt pooplo tijr do mmns n plcoauil 
i«. Oo CV017 ndo ynt boa Urgo, ovtn ^g»iilic [fictuns, Any 4n« of 
rlitob would be eonaiderad u a Undmark in our Actuidiny if onljr from 
I aizn uid tlie Imprtrtnooe of ita flnl>j<<ct. Dut mofit of tbcsc -M-orkn nre 
BOre dftfiiig in conception tlmu the; arc beftntifiil or int<>r<wting. Tb^J 

runouct of Inbour Inrtow-ml upon thum u eoormoim; Ktil it is nuvljr 
n(u«Uy ur inM>ly ilLtUibutoJ, uid Uie pfualins, tbo iimvo bnish-work of 
Iha piotummnd thwr oolonrin;;, ix ftlmcuit inniriakly ilctflciont in deU> 
nejr. 8i«) nppenra to he nought for itn own tmke, mitl oRon «t the 
cx|>oniN« of other <(Unlitio8 of (fP€*tM' ini]xit1iui0'>', luiil the uHwt n)i[«iVBi 
to li:i%'0 l>ecn moro iiit>.'ut ujxmi a«U)iu>ihuij; thu K[Mxtttar, tbnii dolightinj 
hiiD. The oompcMitiun, too, of tlw ptoluTflH in n|it to Iw uf n kind wbirlt 
iri moro ftVilTnl lliiui it in intnrcRtiii^, h^ing IiwkkI upon strict ncailnmio 
[iriii<-i|iliii. Tbiitt oiiR of Hw \ajg(%t pictui-eH in the* cxbiliition in on« by 
tint FoiiAftu, eatilloJ "The Piety of St. Loxda ton-ards tbo I)<«d," iu 

' whit'h t)iB king u raiding in but anns a putrefying body, in onler to 
M-C thu i-juunp)o to bi» knijthbs of giviiij; burinl to tJie dead aolvUcn who 
lid nMiit ill tlic fnv^^i^antl of tho picture. The king*.* knighla Km 
gToii|>nI IHitiiil him picturewjiioly enongh ; two niioniHiuii Lontes, tli8 
king's ami liirit^tAndikrd'lxm'er'a, foi-u an impmsivedarkiiiaEain Lhocmtre 
of tho jii(?titn>, anil give the p^Tiuntdol form to the compoeltioii vrhich 
is cunsidored neawBarr, aad the cliflk on dtlio- side slope down tovruils 
tho cvuti-o of thv picture, in the most 01-bbodox mannvr. Tho work, 
bowi-vcr, is iiuitttiiin>tiiig in the bighost dp^ree ; there u no figa thai 
the artint baa understood iho ^irit of the scene, or cared anything 
■bout it, Tho oDO littlo bit of mttiimlijan in the vholo composition, is in 
one of the Cmsudfc'rK' iS^rm on tho (.'xtrouiu Ufb, nnd be i»— boliling 
faia noBK Kow, it h* north white to tlwdl n little on tliia picturo, as it 
pxomplifim nnotht-r of tho French eirors in painting, bciiid44 Ihat of 
Hiippbintiiig feeling by arroii^cinent. This Ls their liking for ckuoafng 
Kfwlfiiva 6tibject«, nnd not only liking to paint them, btit {uintiug 
tlieiD in Uio luo^t ordiniLry nii<ttt'r-<if-£Act vny, iw if thi-y untild, of 
Dunc, he hunulifiil to tlic spcctAtor. if ^tnMted aoconliug to the arttictie 
\vn. Pictures Hitcli ns thi)«, and " La Tenlation " by Jo1c« Gta- 
iiier, and " Ia Fenima de Putipbar'* 1^ Schutcenbe«:ger, and "Mort 
<l'Ori>h«c " by t! uetare Dori, are all reptduYO eubjoctf, tn>»t<x] in an an* 
plcii>'iuit niiuiacr. Jjet me nut be misundnvtooiL 1 Ju not n.<u«^t thiit ni-t 
IM only ooDcumcd with ]>lcnMiig things, but thnbitiKnopnrt of an artitt'K 
iKisineeB to ivti\ with wttAt is in itaelf omr!M>, liomblc, lonf btoiiie, unl 
ba iloe« it vilh n clntrly ciidenl pm-posoi Kow, in tlio piet iiroH vru 1»« 
nentiiiiM-i], and in dosonH if not ImndrtHln of tithent iu ibiit pvlbir, it is 
t|iiito o^i'dtmt that tho artist baa haA no tmch purpoM — Day, tbtil in tbo 
picture of "Tho TomptAtion " ha has ociaaUy revoUed la llie raano- 
of his coDcoption. Tbo I'eaeou foi- tb««« pictunA Is curlousl) 
DOgh oonnodei) with lh« reasons which give iVncb nrt n M>rt«iD 
suprcnuu^ over that of onr owd sod other rountrica — niunidy, tbo {nd 



that jMiaLin^, whim it in truly nliw, rvAecte ihe opinkms luiil pnurticos 
of tbv |«vti]i! nminigot wkuut it Qourislics. Oivt-u trno fcvltng for nri 
UufWi^utut PnuKV, gJTvn a]K» tli« life of n certain conidrtorabic numlwr 
of PwnMnp, >nil pictnrtM nf tlio Mrt we Imvb montioned follow m tlio 
uigbt Um9 iby. 

And wv slionid Iiuva ttiom in our own ooantiy wnro tt not for two 
CMur*: the Am tbM tlio nwjonly of oiir artist* only jmiit »iil;)r<ct<n 
wbkb AK plcft«ing ia tbemselvtis ; nnd seocnul, Uial art hna D«vcr n^ 
^ raally grown up Id Kngland mid liecoine a powei-, Itut is allcivreil 
only to vork unAvr ctrtuii n»<trictionfl, nnd in evm then jcaloiuly 
watchML A oonno tnnn in »k.uoo, will |Munt ooAi-se Bubjectq coarxely, 
bwmiw mdi nlgMtM |>1tn«e him. A ocarsc painter in Kngtand, dcitvndeiit 
cMirdly Dpoa public fnvoiir, will, as a ([oorral rulr, l>c nfimid of jtulilic 
meamn, uid will iwiint Hiilij(-cts ixlwu to hi^ nAtiiro. Thr rrwiilt of Uux 
b » Twry cnriotu oiut ; for it followH UiAt whilw iu Fnuico, uiio wva the 
OMne Sttlijfict, imJ the rcvct^;, side by aide, in Eugliuid wv pco siibjoute 
nf on* kind only, thnt kppi-ovod by public opinion, whicli bJmkca 
flihlBfl'. Hnmlrt, nod Ilubifiur, all into the same little mould. 

Witk rvf:%rd to tlie litstoricAl pictuK« in t}te Halon nbicb nro not 
.1 with ftuliJi<rtM tiiiplvAfiing tn tlMniiM))vLt<, tliMV um many tli»t 
in^ras tn with llicir ability, but fvw that ploatio us tut pieturcM. 
fhaa*^K'* Urfrn w.irit «jf " I,".\|ipcl dc« Gii-ondina" enfiort intently fi-om 
Unl dimiy dM)URi]ii«iu which ia tlie batie vt tho more wHouh Froitcb 
■HifllAt *oJ tin colour cnn hardly bo criticised us thnt t^ na oil-punting. 
It it timple, hard, unl <<oIi!, nnd rcnemldm nior«> a pgnntin rjirloon 
fer s ftoMO ttiiui ft fiiiuiltiHl jitcturp. The figin-ra and {:ux» of tlitv 
Onnndiiil kn well drawn, mid not wiUiout cbivrnctcr ; but wIk'h Uic 
oampfBiticni atid the f^n'lMir of the conocptiou have been admired, thm-o 
ia Dotiiof; h-ft. to my for the work. It in a great solution of diflictilticK, 
b»l !Krt a (,'»''■>* picturt. Veiy rawb the mno imty Ix* jiwtly said of 
LMDiBtr dii Nouy'» winnrotis work, " .Saint Vinwnt do Pn«l ««eourt 1» 
Abadens el \m [ynrrkind nprf^ lnur r^iinitm A bi Fninre.'' Hero Uio 
«nliittr n of a If>M ghnKtly hnn thui in th*^ work of Ftimcng, but it stall 
appaart to Iw tt»ii undi-r i*uiiu> cold eloctric Itjjbt which irndi-rs all lints 
«( th» Kuac etfi'c*. 'I'lw^o is mach mon action and variety of ecutim(?at 
tlMn in tbn fonuer wurlc, and tliero arft dUBctiltif« of dt-uwinj; mid «>r1' 
ptMtiua at1rto[>tol whtrli an; not to he met with in the fonner pii^nro; 
but, Oa lh« whole, it tufl^'rs from th>(^ eamo hxiilB. He (lc«h i* cold- 
gpjy in th" tkidawa; the Bi'mngnmmt nf the picture in (dwboratA, 
but hatJIy |iri)dudiyr- of a luitnml eOuct; and, alxiv~c nil, the dreary 
aDngoriMl fi^r<« ■/ Alax« lUid lArrainA, at the tnii of the picluro, tak« 

iMck to wliot Mr. WilkJu CoUhis, in one of Iuh noTeU, calk "Art 
'ii'-s na nlwiiyii pnidacing a great deproeuoa upon tbo 

r^ lift bike imutiii T rxHis|d«, and thb time ib nlinll ht outt of tJio 
tit tliQ g;i<nt<^%t Fn»ntjli r'liftiou'* |«iinlcr, M. Bongnorwin. Ill« 

nui nar 
^ aDncmic 




vork m tliia jonr'H SaloD is k okaiiaU, or niOier mj 
iibJMt, cSLtitW " l4i Smisnaee lie Vtoits." Tlie outiject In trait«d in 
I tke anul style. In tlw front of ttm pictiirp, rUitiji out of sunA »iriniipipgott,_, 
[tiM wav«8, *iv Otipiiidoii •lolpliins, iiyiii|ihB ni»d Tnt^xM bl^^wiog oooc 
^ilboU bonu; iu i)m> ljuukgrouu<l rises n traio of \j)rv», V-^uMai' x\» 
I from tbr groups of njiDphn £u- into Uiuskj. Jti tliv ocntrt- oCull aimxii 
'YoitilifOa « ro«T Hlidl, in ad nttituda of Un^oitKiB e-ximuBlion, 
lanitt raiseJ to the rich innafW of bcv dMstoul Lair. Thvi whola 
ipnialed with a suiooUi jMvfectioii of fliiuh tlkab do Knglish [NUDter cui 
HtaI, qdIgbs it be 8ir ¥. Ldgbton in "kin bast motnenis, and the ezeea- 
tiou tlitx}tigkoiit is uufKlterui^ iind Uiomu^b. The Gnc mameiiili 
iglukcouftluMlDMCMurilyanoof aitrctDo«lnurati«n. Th<i)ict«i«i 
Lflo pacfeet in iu tiubtlety of ixiiii[)0«ition unil refinod grmoa that ou* 
It tempted to ask nbetliAi' it ciiu be )Ki»ible to 6xoel sad) work. If, 
however, wc reflect tfaitt it i» im Almost« quality of gtv*l 
u't that it docs not revml iu worth at thn fitst hurried glance, 
Mu fall to examining this work in dcbiiJ, it grown uomeutorily l«a at 
tire. After all, hnve wo not Men thia, or much the iuuil« thing,' 
though not {jerbajHi in t^vxh |ivrfwl treatment, from our yoatb np- 
warda I In what do these Cupida and Tciloiu differ tnna t1io<w that w« 
remombor in half » hundretl piciiinuil In wliat u Uiitt rDUiiii-Umbed 
bcnnty inuru of a Veniu tlmn any oUier fair woman I If there a noUting 
Tcry now is the fomiB or tlio aiTaiij^^meut of tbr f^^ures, id tbere nnytliing 
in the Golouringl 8tJU lew is thiii tbe cam ; there Ls little if any poutive 
colour in tbe picture, and the biillianoe of tbe whole b not tho 1>rillianCD 
of sanligbu WlisrO tbe li^ht ftlia ii|>ou tbu boHiex of th.^ nyin|ihi;, it 
whitens them with a cold railiance of wliicb wo know nothing iu nature, 
and in tbu nhadows thoiv is no wai-mth, only a pnic cliiU grvy. Again, 
tlio light and hIuuIo of the pictiuw aift hardly to !« accounted for, except 
by attributing tliem U> tbo pnintcr'n cnprice, and ttie efliictiTe rdlcf 
ftuned thereby is gained at l)i« exiHauo of Inith, And odds to Lbc- arti- 
'fioial impreasiou produced l>y the whole pkture. I'bo couipnution 
tbxonghout ia of an intensely academical charoctci-, carrictl oat with a 
iddU towhieb we have, as far as I know, no parallel in Ei^land ; but the 
sAoi of tliis amingemont is ratliui' to draw the attention of tbe specbitar 
to itself tbitn to heighten tJio interest of tho picti.iru. Dinvlly mtv notiooa 
it, it becomes ap]>iirent tliat tlm util^cct wua oh(»en to allord th^ paintw 
an opjuriunity of diflplaying his fckill, rather than bccauw Iit> wanted to 
tell iL8 8ome(hiugfro8li,orbccanw he was possessed with th<.< Wuty of tlio 
incident. Tlio feeling of \lu> scene hns not been gras]i<>d, luid the hml proof 
of tliis is tlmt it iif wttli i^xtnrmu diiriciillj tliat vc i-:< - r eym 

from tlto iMyiuty of Uir painting to tho cooadprntion of 1 1 V^e 

keep [«lunitng,iniipiteofnurwlrea,totlieatti(it'])nlHUty, to tlie baaatibl 
'ubuiirtt of i^ai'te, to tbe rj[<|uUite w < t-^ of line, to the moa&er In 

which every detail UauU ilui uy» t'l i ,al fignrv. 

K wo turn bo our K»gIijE>h Academy, we Dmy find BOnic potuU of cuin- 



t* ; " I- n I lU work ^ai tUat of" K!ij»!i in the Wililem«»t," bySii' 
I : Uicnigli we munl |>rt*uuw> tfaat tbcro b in Uio work 
flf ■ of colour fur snjKirior to tUat of M, Bnugucninu. 

Tlu^ I--. ..■- ij... io ]in>)iiiUy well ktiovru to our iuuIots, and I ue«d 

oalr nnaii»l Uhhh of tliu nuiiD iloUuIs i<f its compoaitioD : FUyub on Lho 
I', lialftvi'' I A uuuH of roidc, nitd un Uio left 

v; liiui Ui>' J fcKxl, ft Iftiubcajn reitroBMiling a 

rncky >!£«!!»» aoil » dky of iltn-p blue, and Liuivv wbita cumaluti douda. 
•JHtliiclo ihm jiicture- ftiid in truth it is not n favoumblo 
PrvMiilKUt's work — in <lite to tb« twlution of tlie ]iit>bleius 
aUxarwtog thf Titikn] lisiuf in illicit a viyry dilliLnIt uttttuJo, ftttd tuTOLg- 
iag it ku M to givK a tine uombinstioD nf lines. There is Do fiOCOeBB, 
l«ol«lfljr uu iluaire of aucotn*, in dcpictiog tbo spirit oT tfaenccno, <n' iiL' 
•{ihriiif the bcliolcbs- wiUi anj luuotian in nigard to it. The prophet in 
ooi • Cunubet] H^bivw, \ini on atlileip Tutlier out of nmdition ; and tbo 
■fignl* M br frotu ebowinj; in hor Csoc nay of Uie diviao lore or yiiy 
vbiflkooe might Buppcw* to he approprukte to the ocraaion, in itniUtig cyni^ 
•Uj. la «i fiu- aj> K'titituvnt und fwling go. the pictoi-e ia > talniltt ra«a ; 
in Mt Atf »> olnlful di»wtti>; i>ii<l •-otHpoKition are Mught for, it ia iv work of 
ginat UMvit. Tliiiik fern luouu-ntof tl>o" AlaJmiUisiCaoo" UyMr. Poyntar 
io hut ytar't Aeadeuij, nud joii will GdJ vx»ct\y tbn same mcrita and 
dnwlacka. TherB MihuuoD'a tigiiro ww siinplj a study of tlio nud«i 
and AtalanlJi'i an nttenpt to dojiict an-oMltKl motion, ajid a ditUoult piece 
of fimtliorieciinjc. Nouo of tbo intense ciiioLiuu of the man wjio was 
n uuut^ for hi» ltf« and hu hridc, or of tho wumau wIiono fate bang upon 
the naulL of hrr aumiiunM, wits nttemptud to ho shown. Il is to be 
wHM tiaU tho Kivnidi utv uiach more coiulttunt in t^s acadcouc ttM- 
•lariog of a subject tlian aid thA Kng)i.>d), for u» a ruto iii Ihtise luge 
pietam of thiirt Lht'jr ooTur ttttcii)|>t to n-praeeol the glow uf m-tuiil lifo. 
The tiitie. used an broad and aiia|>l^ tiio ahadovs tuaoUy grey, and the 
ribtt ii fmnJtly one tu gnin dimity uf conipoaltiun and gnuideur of out- 
loM, at (h« expduo of a iturrvDder of the uotu Tital huuum craobiooa 
and iu Ur aiU. Eagliah paiutBnt, littwovcr, can rarely bring tliomanlveil 
to tnat Mi1ije«-l!t tburon^bly in Uiis nuuiiier, and the couvquoooo ts 
that Lhoy mIwI ac<^» like tliceo <ff AtnlimU and Klijnli, where the 
hBtBan deuMfUt i^ or mthec should he, itisliuvtJy tliu grmt ibing in 
the coia|iOBitioai awl Ihm reduce it tu a nnUtty bj- the stylo of tlmir 

let ua look iit nitutJioi' gri.-wl ilujutUiirnt of Frcudi art, ihedr battle- 
IBCtonsi, uul mv whi-n: thuy dilTvr from Ummu «f i>ur own votuitty. It is 
abniail unnMnoauy to mcmtion Uint tboy oiv vn timoa na ntiuimoMa, for 
i:>^ ill Hii^land for iiictoriul iT«onla of our fifjhtiiii;. 
J. .' wo uit- not at ln.«M-, «hatewr n»*y l»o said I'v LotJ 

Itiiii infill III, DC ftUQg |jy air. AlAcdiTinott, a Cgbtiui; nation. We do it 
|l " -' I'omil. ill tliorool biiiiiiitwUke way in which 

* iiw, lint wf luivo no uiktioniiJ mjuivab-nt fur llin 



£a OloSrt ofFnuMM ; soil wlien iLo figbliiig k ovor w« like to foffjel nil 
aboat it aa wkm an ponul'le, rmrryias lh« forgHfnlitfSB BamoUoMS lo fiu> 
u to postpone f^jing the Iiill for the littto expawni vd Imvo iiicsncd. 
But them ue otlirr renr nolalile dUknaom btttwMo tli« WtUe-pictuiw 
of the SaIoq and tbe Ac^deiny. tlum tlie gitnttr tinmWi' nnd nizo oT tJie 
formor ; for we 6nd tm laoking al tho I'^vnch pictniva tluit tboy n^iraNnit 
war as it u for tlie tuttiou, and thai tltc Englisli ippifficnt it as it !« for 
the iiKliviiliml. To tin) Fi-Qocbinao, a |HCturc of \V«i*rloo m«Aiie tli* 
roiifiiKion luiil canm|^ of on iimiy wilJi ihe thonsand dotoilK of eonftict, 
Buflcriii|t, ptirxiiit, and retreat; to no Englinb iHunUrr, it moruifi tlic fvel- 
inga of u. group oryunng rvemHs aa they avail th« attack of a liandful of tba 
Fnmob cavalry. I hare talcmthixinstaDoe&om the Academy of two yewi 
ginoc, whfn rbilipi)«Usiuji'B"'\Vnt«rloo" aaiiUin Tliom|)eoD'B " Qu-ilre 
Bms " hiing alniost xJiie hy sidfi ; but it might bo e^iinlly well ahovti by 
any nlhor flxample. I tliink thia diltereul way of luiiitin]; Inltlcs coma 
from tli« ftM>litij; whicli I have ali-caily rlcvcribed M pi«ra)cnt iu Fnuice — 
that of looking nt tbo at>stnu-t nttlier than the [icnunal aide of h f]iit«UnD. 
They can bear in thrir picturca, and pvon icloi'y in, dftaitn nf vrotinds and 
Buflei'ing, looking bpyimJ th*tn to the victory gnined tlicrcf^ ; irberona tlia 
Bn^ishman, witti a inoro slug^dHh iDia^niiatiun hut a mure fitJing Uiitrt, 
foi}(«te tUo groa nwult of victory or dcfrnt, bnt lingcra luvingly over thi- 
idnnGnta of terror, humour, or pndioa, which ho mn lind in tho itwli- 
ridiiiil iHiMici^ mid ihrowii n veil <f oblivion over tlic hurroni of whi^ 
ho could honlly cudure iho i^>r(«eulaUo]i. llcro ihoi-o ia uo (jnea- 
tion of itupmurity of pninting, hut niernly one of feeling. Ib it ImUot 
tliiit ire i-bould enjoy. ii» do ihc Fn-ticli, ihp idea at the cxjK-nNO of tlio 
iiidi\*idua1, or intnimiRo niir record* of gimit rictoti<w till wo pt«duce only 
a ff-w i«thetic inddoiiU, Kiich <u " TIw nolt-call " and " IXb Itoamanta of 
au Amiy," itistcod of ixiireceataUoli^ of tfae «-ar itself) I must conriss 
that to me tlie Ulter ia the pi»feratJp tnethod. 'Die rang« of ]tnintitij[ 
ia so coonumisly wide, ibtt it may well omit from tlie {wt^j;*^ of iisi rwur 
Oue pbnsA of [>aiii nml eorrow ; niid I do Dot boliovo that uU tliu buttlc^l 
lectures with whtek llonuw Veniot bna liii«d the walls of VoKatllw, 
MtvAr ckrengtheuud ono of bin oonntrymoii in codonincc, or rooocd him to 

It is, however, well to recogninft how limited in the scoja of oar 
hattlc'pEkinlingH, and that i-vally eudi pictun» a» tiioso of Mr«. Butler 
(MitB TbotDpaon) stand in tho enme relation to thow of eiich nitiat* ns 
P!iiliii]>oU-Hiix, T>umarcBqno, Rrgnart, Bqgnicr, Ac, as the jutt^^-in^ of 
the Kiimmcr ruin d(ic» to tbo torrent of Nt»{:Rra. 

HaviiiR wiwikeii, though very jniuii^iiatcly, of the two great dcpcirt- 
lueota of French tirt — tiw historical and tlio warlike — nnd liavtng iltown 
<)iat in both of these we mnsl coofess to Mme ihare of inferiority, if it 
>ly ho an inferiority hv choirp, wn nnv ctimn to 1h« ron' lyDiB 

iiool, one wliich, )H;r)ia|w, is Inr^r tluin nil Ihn rwt p^ t, for 

wo must inclnch} iind^r tliia head Die gntut nuua of the Agura paintiojpi 



do ngt WlflRj; to citlin- of tlie above cbsses. Il|ti»tnjtionx of 
innatntiooH oftutyin^ UliuU-ntioiisof pociry, uovds, and Uio 
•InUBiL, uul M QO, ol) eoBio luidor lliiii hnuiing. Tlirougfaout Una whole 
t>f this class Uwra rum ouc diuauiug f«ttU whidi gow far to utterly nul- 
lify all tbo dovtnumi and ori^nality of coiLOojition which vc 6itd l]«ra. 
TUi CutU U tho oae wliidb we bare spoken at hefmv an vuit, or, jierliD^is, 
ratfaor uiiGciitlity of feeling. There ara daoca^ of pictui-eii bt-rt! cf home 
■ te tp — |anints lectdritiir siitm, uiotliers imtrtK-'ting their daught«ra, old 
•Up MptaiM amo- iiix»vi'Ii their cliildrvn on their Icnoes, young 

toTcnatnUingUir' <AMUoraitliDgiQsun«Iiiiic,tNU^g(iabeiii|[U>wiod 

11(1 U*B riwr by ilow borwa, gi-andfatliprs hnnging pcMteotii to tlio youMig- 
■tora, aai] M on, Uirniigh in^nite TarieUea of Kimpto incident. Now, in 
«U of Uitee, in my opinion, tlii> Fn-nch art fuite, and fidls br short of 
oar Kngii«h work. Suoh n pictiu«, for instance, &s that one of Mr. 
O. D. Limli<''« in tlic Auidcmy tiiiayuLTj of the two sistcra iu the fruit 
'l^nlrn. would 1m impoeaibl« to find in tho Soloo : tlio Ktfflospbere of 
fmao waui ttst «nd simple kindltnen 'm fomgn tn the Fn-nch mind. 
Two oxcepttuns, lii>wov«r, mnrt be made to tlus itotcoieut. 'ILc ^t ia 
wbetv ihe artirt, in pniotin^ oi.o of th«R<! >iimpl« HC(!nw,h.i8 inxm ablo 
to ooonert it in til* mind widi noma nioro or la» aWlract acntinient, and 
K> auJu the ioci'lciit the voUicle f«r conveying n wider meauing ; w, for 
tfirttfft where IjuUiclion, in his pictura of a motlrtr taking her child to 
Ui« b»Ui, btts expressed very tcndcily and bcMutifully tbo ecntiment of 
Batowd lovo; or w)mm-<i Raxtica Jj><-]>agi)^ iu tbe iittio idyll enll»l th« 
"fVwiii of October," hu inuiiij^d to coni1>iti« the ht1>oiu^ of the pour 
villi tbo natiinnit of kis Ituidwupe very poHWtly. The twvvnd excrcp- 
lioB to Iba want of feeling in three piehireti in whcrD the emotion evg- 
IfattsJ la one of Borrow or [niu in biimblf> Ufi.-. It in il moat ntraoidinniy 
tmiA Ijhnt if wp wiah to diiKorcr pictoroa la whicii a triiA aot« of Hymimtby 
h atmck with tlir* iHiortr clmncti wo cannot find it in Kiigli«b iiainttTH, 
bal bImII ooUAinnlly ftod it iu l-'mnce. We must not dwtili ii|iMn this, 
m f\mai> ia alreudy (Ailing aa, bat would suggest that it mny in bour 
DWttarv axiMR from the crunr light in which poverty U rogud«>d on the 
Coatilusit tbaa in thv United Kiugdotu. Hero it ia a diegrorc, tlivre 
vnlj a nUfffortnuo ; and the iateoao auobber;' of tho J-Jiglish nation with 
twfiect tf> tbo dan it beJooga to, every ooo wisliing to np[)car as-if h« or 
■bo ^«long«>l to l]>» n«;it nuik nhorc thom. i> alniotU. onlircly unknown 
ia Fnaee. 'Wlintover bp the reamn to whiub the fact ia diip, it is ocr. 
tninly tnto Ibnt nn Bngliidi ptrtureof tbo lives of the pour is olmoal 
ioramUy a (*1*> one ; wliile the Ftwicli p lio'cTs »rc not afhud to grnap, 
or ■abiunrd to jniut tndy, thchnid livi'N <.<f thu liilMJiiriog dassea. There 
hm pciort; Wrvby Itnfliiellii colled "l^KciiLrv^dofObiirouniom," whidi 
b()UJtA ji'trfoct in ttadRipb'tnitli of fmting; and of tiuch kind, too, though 
looebnl with a far mom rlovatrd uiouititf;, am tho worka of Julca Breton 
MU& Itrwif, tltoa^ it it not fiiir to quote the latter iw belonging to Uie 
fh k^ioaI. 

Brfora inning tu tbo conndornUun of ths 1nnibai)M«, I noM mr » 
fow wotd't about tJw inTrtmftiipc of tlm Hnloa. If wf l*kB it thrwjftbi 
iC poaanscv M ilvgnt.' of iixorllenOD lo '« Iitcli wo cnnnot »Tcu Rf ifiniacb ; 
ono good imrtrnit jKUUtvr ihat wo luiw, thfir nt« in Ptris ni l«ut « 
Ktim If wc lookM tlicli^lieikt doVBlopmcritnoflJuMirt, I Uiiuk we twMi 
tint fmr cotnpArUoD. ?t{an'«1lnu)i m ifl tlio [tovi^r of ItoBrat un! 
C&roluA Dnmu, in nntliur oC tlii^m Oo I &t»l tlio »tr6nf;tli of imrtraUn 
inriffbi, orUMtK^'iuiuiUi^r witli ttitnr siiljocl, wliicb Li Uilwrotioit in nil Ui« 
rtner imrtraito by Sir. Watt* They aro saporior to ■nyUiin;' tli.ifc WstU 
luw <1oni- if iTppifilH fi<om noo jMiiit of rirw. Tlio pnaoBtattiiti of n 
man, wiUi his grmtD««s logibly wHtttii oil his «)iiiit«iuinn>, is, I tlii 
hrttrr (lonn by Itonnnt tlinn it bat) (n't-r Ixmi donv b^rc,Mi<l tliia u wh**n 
In* expcIs Mr. Wittoi. Mr. Wolu iicvitr niAltfp dm stft'-' ' ■ " 
|»iclm» Willi tbo rnfiital oKcInmntioii of " Wlwl n woii> 
l«)rtntit of Victor Hugo!" t!o; the uutciite [WwcrofSlr. Walta's] 
tmitnro raninHtH in this, t4int otio looks at hu frirtnrv nnd mra : " Ih t, 
So-Mitl-ito 1 I nrvi^r l)>uii;t1it Iir> Imd ult tlmt in bis rnce." In a man'i 
tliere Rr« two series of fncto. (>no shov» wlirvt he is on tb« oatd< 
periinpn eren wfant his niHiig ibviim nnd [inssiDtis mre, nii'l that 
CTotT one can rend. The »i»nd sbowa tbc mftii's inner naliin?; It 
to jrou what tb« iDin in in Wm finvr momenta, when h« U Ioms ciTiabnl 
'flittngoniim kii<1I(«9 thwarWd by niruiitiitftiHT — not only what hft U, hut 
nl«o ■what he nii^lit W. This in to lie twnl l>y oiiIt one or tww tm-n in ii 
genimition, ftiid this tt U thu [inintDr's Giml tnutu|)h to H«n and int 
It i« in thia way tint Sir, Wntt^ sbinda ahovo alt living pnintcra of porti 
If we hnd to «ck for th« acoroeC npproaolj to Mr. Mill i ;^t 

pAiiilere of tho Salon, wffrfiouJd pvotMbly \to rigbt iii «'t>-.': 
L<-;mii^. who, fiUhou^h b(.' |iaiitt« in a vfnr initcli sUglit^r key or cnloi 
than otir Kogliflh artist, hai* yet very niicb of his {wwer of HHium 
brillianL Ilodi tints, and is as Kuhtl« and delicate in his armngeinim 
of colour, afi hii ri*-*! is poworfuL Tho portraits of Triprt, f^lnti. 
n«pcciii}ly th<> portritit of C£-roni« by Glaino, aro nil Srstnite 
kind, and jiaintoi] tliruujjliL'uL witli a caru ami a simplicily very rnrn 
lomiJor work in Kncgliuid ; thctr diief fault is n ccrtkin liardness of 

Wo must pstw ovif with Nljght irciitiuii tho vnrioM! dwonitivL* Wi 
of tlio Salon, for thdr diecii:»ion wmUI iie into rinit" a tii^v fid 
dccomtion In Franco bnng nndcimtnoH in n flu- wider whihh tliili ft ii. 
Enj^laud, and mnhnu-inif tlm moat dtaioiil ■ ' r ' * , . 

of tr««tmpnt. In (his, nn in most odn^' ■ . 

aim at pi>i-f«?tii>n, iiml tlmt on lli" gmiulost nuIc ; de-igiia for t\ 
ia [luv bright c»loiirK awl of agigiuitic size, lacli tu iLo Limn'^ 
tha 0«niiu of Induatiy (or Vaux, or lliu ]ti-pnblit<, tup foi. 
! ' 'ng till- "Kxpnnitinn TTrnvi-nwllo fn>in tli' 

( vit^; uo pnmlld lu i>itr Acidoiny, or i<t. 

hibitjon. 'Ibis E.tyIo of du-^ty oolouring, and arraogdtncnt or Ims' 




I to polo dnlioilo hiiet) of cnlikiir, ill nkifh Mr. AlWrl Moni'e* Umioli 

|m£cirttt. hus a iiknvllvlinUiv Siiioti mtl>c> IwoUtkc dccoi'aLivc Jcai^u 

'*'>*ympliBauLhtiUuL--JHjro"aiHl '•Tbt'l'roilig'.il Sua." His t<il)Oiiut«tl 

y ^ ' ' ' ' ' r thcw woi-k»4, iajjorfcctlynwiire 

. s Li* pirtHiv of "Tint Pfodigul 

am u itnuj^i lor a ihvorabv.-i iuiiigI ; wtiilf^ in tliu work of Mr. 

tik! iloconilJVi: tLiiili'ncy of Uiv j»ti»ivtt tri iu>t fiwikly ackuoir- 

|iil^n|, liut tbnt) is Hirupwiiiit of an nttrtii[it to gi w tlium iLo «|ii»liU(>ii of 

uU-faaulJng — an error wliii;li only dinwti aUt-'utiua lo the 

■jtmitipi. In the delicacy of his anTU>||;ea)ont« iu icrcy, piuk, 

p«Ji«b buff, M. da (.'linvaiinm mnks m lii^'Uly as ^fr. Moon*, aihI 

t«^ liaD>lm,nit nmount of nilijoctniiiltlioiighl. In lii« iilcliirtit, wIiiHi 

I itdJtdly f^-ater Uuui (luU of ouv Artist. Tbe execution, bovcvcr, is 

■I win I itightiT, Kud thm^ ix iiot that ilnlicacy of inrention in thn 

^_MTUi|;*<iDent of truutpamit ilrajiprj* wbk'b is alwayH t)iA tncwt ftttractivo 

^kwrlimi of Mr. Hnorv'i woric The enormons painting of SI. lAug^ of 

^Btlw ** IViamph of Ftom," nuy t>i> mention^ as niiotfaflr style of work of 

■ whidh «o baro tiouo in our own ouutitiy— n style wbcrolb«rc caalmrdly 

bvnirl to bo «ny lUstiDct ])icu>rinl nioUv(>, mvn to tnitv^Iuw m many 

Coplii)! uvl Dym]4i>i tu poaiiblc intu tlie picliirv, uiul Arrangb tJieoi iii llio 

MMt IttvturMfititf Diumtf, 

In Mnt. Kamtlt Brou-mtig's .liu-oivt l^h tlici'o it a pHaingo wbcra 

Aurata iwyfi : — 

ITIir t^dltah itvinl .1 llii*tU ftnil nn m, 
Uccntur llti>7 I'trr It aud llicy AimI It no. 
TWa rmlly ^vm tlin key to tlie );reat jipilf v,-li!cli is lixod betwMtn Uw 
UuBibcMfm of tbfl two oomii rins ; tlmre la iii tliu Oaiil none of the [iMiilinr 
i^r» for BAtan> yu^l nntiin', wluoh cu«ta iu Eo^lanJ. A Oallio pn.iut«.T 
i wiU paml A ItnlUaat nlTvel of aniuluDe, ur a gmnd elTflct nf Ktorui, antl 
fMOt it wftll ; ho will oven imint quiet acenoA of nature, if thoy are socJi 
h* Mt) aroiisu in l)iii>n*-lf art; ii|ieeil>o fe«>lia^, dnuoalii^ or conlcni- 
bjr iImud : \mI iu uuPrenohpiL-turenitliubipli vm iir«3o(u»int«><l, 
I tbtf puntta* aat down tn quiet, •lulilx.TaU: rrpruducLion of luttiirv 
BBSiawi] Ly any qwciAc vmotioo or coticoption, ontl only dcRirouK to ni- 
[■o-T ■.•'(' ulnuMl of Ilia power Uie fiwt-t Lcfote him. Ho will carry 
liic . taila aa (or as lie Uiinkit in rtH|Uii-«J to help his design, but 

^^ h« wiil Duvor oarty it ax Car aa ho jxiwiMy can fur tlio Rik« of gi>tting 
|H nut of tmA Mpamtu detail all tlii- liuiuty jiuadblv. To a tintioo tliat 
bsUtnaJly rimn arerytlriog in tlio Usbt of somts broad idco, whieb is 
BionwtviiMrd tu k'ave no fart oogiDandianl fH'i-n for a luamvnt, tbtiTfl la n 
dMuct barnrr (0 lat)tlBCn|w pointing on « iiat may bo cnllvd the Ei)gIiMb 
I akii it Uw Eujcltnli ny.ituu ; for though it i^ perlutp^, not fol- 
nu^ority of Kngliiili ptuiitpn, yi-t it ia tlm onn which i* 
<i (lay by day, nod i^, UmiibMi dialinctirvly £in;,'liidi, U'ing 
tttl imi St praHnl by n>j naliua but our own, 1 have Bbown olaa- 

* 8m hit wwlw at lb QnareMr Uallacy. 


ntEKcn xnv k5gusb ptorcBm. 

wheiv, tad luive noifiMtloMpittttHn, bow thartjrlcof laiidieApeamM 
in EngUod ; bow it wm Hmk wd ouun to point tbinjp with ib« atmcHt 
fideUcy w« eonld nuular, iastsad of contiuuing to tnnl Uttta in * : 
or taai Ripoffiail manner. Tb« extnunliaarj artbtM: movement which j 
Icuovn tut |)re-IU|>)uu'liL>^, if it baa donn uoCbiu^ dw, biut taught im oob 
faei of tbo tDost vital importance to art ; and that in, that it ia only bf 
fullowing Katuro tliot wc can uUimaUily conquer bar, that it la hof)da« 
to try «ii>) jahiiit nil id^al pict»ra ba£ai« yoa can pnint a real one^ 

If wo lixik llii-oiigh tlie Dwro i]»|Kittaut of the lautlaca^m ia the Sakm, 
wo End llmt there i» Jn Iho better works an amount of dignttjr which we 
luknt UnrJIjr obtained in buMUoa|H>. In fdaos or the pali«it rcproductictt 
of pn?- RapbaalitJam, we find in tbaee vorkiaiitylo of traa.tinmt in which, 
while dcttula arc giTcn iii uSucdaui'C, thoy noveitholtiea iu9 beld In sttiofc 
sulxirdinattori to tho ruling TK-Unj^ of th<^i jiaiBter. It stems to me that 
tho toOncDCC of ptni ttadiUoiia of iMu'ntiiijf, which bos socb a diastnnu 
edTect upon tbv figure oompoaitaons of tlw Freoob, is at the root ot 
breadth of oouoeiitiou which is to be found in their reprcaentations i 
nattinU ectioery, and that, oonaideriuK there ia no trace to be found 
nuougst French artiBts of tho pro-Itapbaelite love of oature'a detail, 
this academic tiadiUon 19, on the whole, a good thing; it at all ereota 
prerents Uie artists fi-oa tnaiLiiig loa d aca p o tu the faahion of the Bootch 
painterv, and ro lociiig it to a mere record of truuieot gleams of nun nnil 
cloaila of mi:rt. 

If wc do not get pieturee which t«U us bov keody the urtiat has felt 
the beauty nf the scene, we certainly get eomo whidi tdl ua nitb wliitt 
fctflitig be has n>;;ai-d(^ it ; we hare an illnstmtire rendering of imturo^ 
if not a ti-aiLscHption of Iter ccaenti^J liCMUty. Thns, fur iiwt:ttioi>, in a. 
pictiii^, like tliat by 0. Itemier, of " Tho Almndiineil Aximiuv" wo hare 
a rpiidrrini; of n aivito widcb ia both Datunil luid beautiful, but in wbidi 
iKitbor nature nor beauty ix the diiet ((ufllity, nor is evon the mtitudf' 
of iL d<wi't«-<l jxirk tl)e chief mpauin;; of the pouiiter. Wlutt ilmiu-liHl 
wtehve to impi-vss upon u* ia a Kiitimont peculioily tutional— Ute fcoLiu); 
tbftt Bvcn ihe most beautiful seonee of nature are desolate when they at« 
KbandoDcd by man — a BOit of quaint, bntf cniia^itoJ. hnlf pathetic 1 

the f')r«rt, in which the ^fr-^u/roii of Worth's drawee ia no 
beniil. TliiK feelinjf of the pix>foimd connection between humanity atld 
nature in, 1 think, very impcifrctly i-calisctl by my countrymeD, and l« 
poitty the reason of mnek of our Imi/I realistic art. When Mr. JUillnla 
luiiritcd •' C!liill OctnbtT," why *■*» it tbnt cvciy one deUj^bted iw inucb 
Uie picturt^ 1 Kc«i» fir.-l wiilw «mt d'juJy ijrcy aky had all been done 1 
well Imiun-. Til* Bi>nvt waa, tliat the artint bail c»ii;{bt. the fueling 
lont uniumeL- nud rmniuj viulcr, bad conibliK-d nn inlrtiae iia\nx 
witJi bcAuttfiil itttintitif , <ini1 tbeii j{ivm the sptcCator a key to his thonttl 
Ml llut itH tmlb waa immoiiiiuOy nvugnised. If yitu ibiiik \ 
only liorauAC of UiQ moateriy iKuublu^ of tbc picturo, will yuii i> .. y 

Dunv of the eulwotjneut buutiieitpos by tJii« mnfiter ba^-e ultmctol Uie aante 



^ng in "Hcotdi Fiw" ftnd " Wintw FusI" WM ctoii 
>ii iti "Cliill ticUiliw ; " bul who, except live penny 
pnn. etfta) for tbtnu! jitctitres in the cnnie irny ? WI17 Is it that 
Vr. Vioal Cole |MiiiiU ,v^ iifter yenr, in autnuitiii^ lines, -tlic nioit 
bauitiftil Hcnea of woodland and river in our knd, flnd yet never 
•wakou to lA a thought or 1^ (evling boroud itdmiratiou for bia aldU I It 
■• h a w ai g lui U (u fiir ax cno be (wwii in hia works) tittei'Iy witJioul any 
fetimg ter the neencs wUch bo p*uit«, and is tm\y intent upon makitig « 
hastifdl pirtum 

80 1 would hold {.liftt tho chiof merit of tiie Frenrli Iflodiicupo {uiint- 

iag, ■■ ite doftr recogmtion of tlio hanau elrmout vhicli ia ncocseuu^' bcfora 

{■istfaiga of noeocry mo uTivt ua powerfully. Wlien tlicir puntings nro 

viUk/ut Lbia, Utej ai» di«linclly inferior to tliomajorilyuf Knglub worki, 

and is t^ elcmeot of colour tliey ara nearly alwaya tithor delicient or 

CDt^vmtod. Thiuilce to a few detenntnod Knglisli nrtisU who liaro 

Umw thrir biuuier (rititnpluuitly through n (XTfect atnrm ofriJicule, oat* 

|>aJiiU-r« m j^rnieral hsvf ffmsped tlic gimt fact, thai the Kran is grc«n, 

rad tiie akv lilitp; Imt our noigliltuiirn hnve yot lo Imrn iU Wiit«r- 

onloor iwiotintr. whirh han done so miKli to ftpreiul ti^ht nvliotu as to 

k&tbnjw, i» still in Fnnoe is a ver^ immatiue state, and urM moro for 

iUgbt alKtclira and tinted drawingB tlian for oomplcted pictures. Saeh 

worii aa that uf Walker, I^nwvll, Eloyoc, Alfrol }Iunt, and doeena of 

Btkmi, Itu nothing to come nmr it in the Honi^lA di«i AquMvIlistM ; 

fbm a pidliiro whtdt attcmpta evctt to kivo thi- delicary of tlio 

■1: ^ . ..,' vi^i. lliis is eapeoiuUy noticeable in the trentueut of skioa 

vater. It aeemB that this arises more from a mistaken nolioo Ma to 

■of thcmatenal, thiuiaGtiuil tiicouii>t:touceoatlie purtuf Iho 

' in the work which tlioy attempt in vnil«r-oolourB the Froncli 

mn m» iIctitTntoly Mkilfiil on could be tlewi'efl. Hut the workfl in this 

■•4iuu Mcm only to be dea^^ned for albiuuft, and there is a bowildering 

y<*iDW €t bright pntebs of colour, and n {^eral look of iinnaturnl 

^^feAtaewaiw] luunhatonlinlity, vi.Ty nuwiirthy oftltoume uf eL-rious nrt. 

^^^HnrUiAil to point out, io any admirer of thn French CAlouiinj;^, its 

^KNMntial want of dfpth and feelinj;, I should lake liiin (■■ (his wator- 

' Boleur gallery, and then to Iloissim-'H HWMtuioat shop on Dm Uoulovard. 

and aak him to iwUce hnw iix»«tly i>itnilar wna the colouring of the n>nt- 

jMCtaand the |iicttire«. 

^m We havn Itail in Llie HaloQ Ur^ WDrlta of lufltoricnl, allt^riAol, and 
mtlmratalintArOftltvated from thuoHtidde puini of view, and ilependcnt 
tor llmir intnrat on Uiff arrangeuinnt of their (ignrce, llic gnccfalnen 
of their linoi, and Uir aocuncy of ihetr tt«atiueui. We have hod bIbo 
btU^iHtx 4r ytnte, at which we haro rouml the grvat rmiU U> be a certatu 
tta|:1aas of trfatmrnt, which gartr on unn^il air to tito most ottltnary 
BfcamftaM, mcqH wliom the motive won one oonnoctod with hibour and 
a w W W, both of wliicfa are in the iiuiin Jeptctal Himply und truly. We 
have had ntrioua atylo* of landacajte, in wbish Uio great«Ki kmd haa beoa 
foc XL— yo. 335. ^ 


iiliuost i»v:iHaI>]y at.-tiutt«<l cliictly )iy t)ie pcnonal sentiment of the 
[taiiitfT. fin<l Viiri<>ii« lityle^of jojiiraiturc compi-c-lieodiDg all buttbeTeiy 
Ligiicst iK-iMi'tiu'iit of lliiil tilt; :iii<l wl- Imvc ulKt)in>l tlcronit ire pictures 
iiikI iiiiiiut'; rotili-tic w^rks uf luiiny kiii<ls. Sj uncli for thc^lon. In 
tljp Awl'.-iiiy wf- Ii:ivi-f'i!ii»l iliiitcf ^v:it liiritoriL-al work.s we hare hatdlr 
a Inic- ; Wnt ilua '.'f il.v aciilc-uiic iniaciiil"'. wLii'li is so fully appreciated 
ftiiil ciiTiol oiii I'V tlie Fn-ndi. tli<rf aiv fviileiit iniots. tlioii^'h it is l>y 
no lu^.-tii- .-u<li piuf m'.'i'l-niicisiii ns in Fraint, \Yv liave j^lanecil iit the 
jri«iU-.'?t lin.'ii: 'if iFiir ["iririiituiv, iiHil irit-'I to show tliist it is f)U|ieiior to 
any ilmt tin: Fit-iiHi ] ■o-'^.-ir^s. jukI noiwl iln.- ifwat dmwkick of the lat^ 
l»ii>I.scai«:'.i IjKtli of our Lti^]i>h iin'l 8coU-li sdio"!!?, ami also of men like 
MilkLs iukI Uit'tt. ;iI]<1 wi- havi! nitlier liinte<l at than explained the 
true (Ii>tiii(.'tioii I«-twHn pn-lljiphmliif ami pictint'snue lanrlstnjie, 

Ho wv Ki- tliiit if wlidi [ (Ictjiie'l in tin- I.i ■.■iiiiiui;;of tliw article aatlie 
^-eutot lilt we )iiiv<! fotiti'l no gpceimc-iiK. :in<l. us fai* ns I am awnre, 
tlief: ;iie only twn |Kiintei-s in EnL!l;in<I who arc t-apablc of producing ftitch 
u'oi'k.aiKl thi:>i: sire Itos-^tti an'l Hume Jout-s. (.If the foniier it wotild 
he iifio'i-iiH foi- me to BiK'sk, .since- it is ycai-s sini-c the public has had any 
o]iiirjrt unity of w-iiii; lil-piiturfs. hnt "The Anniincintion" of the latter 
lian;;-j in tin* <Jjv.-venor (Iiilli-ry ; and I think, if any of my readers will 
t;ikc tlur trouMe to (:»aniin>> it quietly fur th^•nl^f-lves, they will iinder- 
tiliiiid wliy I phice Kucli work on a It-vel liy it>e!f, far above the various 
htylfs wliicli I havL* di-oii'.i-'l. Tlicre is in ic not only l)i>jiuty and thoujfht, 
tli<jii;.'li then- i.-. uiiicli of Iiolli, l-iit tbeivis that which is far beyond either, 
iiiid Ciin hardly I"- chaiact^iisetl in wonls — sonnthinij which cannot be 
e.xiilaiiied if it is not fc-h, Uno mii;ht :i^ well try tn i-xplain the reason 
why we f'*l jihiil fin u l.riv;lii spring murniny, I dcj^ire especially to 
avoiil all (■hui;;o uf limiinj; iiua^inary Ixaiitiis in piL-tm-es, or of u~iu>r 
txtruva^jiint eulofrj' ; hut it is my .-iincore Ix'lief that this work is one of 
tli« higli>ijt cl:i>..s of spiritual art, and that, whatever it« errors and incon- 
si.-t'/iirics may lie, tli'v are not to l>n dwelt nj)On for a moment in com- 
parison with the yit.-iit truth ami iWp insij;ht which arc liei-o displaj'cd. 
Thus I think that if a fair comparison 1* instituted Ijetwcen French and 
Knylisli art, we shiill conic to the conclusion that, though the former is 
considci-alily wiilcr in its ranyc, and far moi-c darini; ajid varied in its 
conti'ption.''. }i"l we have in English pictures three things, and those of 
till? hi;,'hcst iniiKirlancc, which aio hai-iUy to he fonnd across the Clianncl. 
We have [Miviiiiituie painting' which excc-ls in depth of feeHnp am] pene- 
tnitioii any fori;i;(n livalry : wc ha^■c a school of landscape-painting whicli 
]ijiints iiatuiv with absolute truth as far as its power extends; and we 
havi- (i^Mre jiriiutini; whicli can seize the inner meaning of n scene, and 
clotljr; its ifprt^^nfation with an anioinit of j^x-try and beauty l>efoi« 
wiiich we can only Ixiw our iieads in ndiuiratiou, and to which we can 
find no i»ariillcl cvcii in the " pleasant land of Fruiice." 




I'Uin doilMrt, ia i»«{>aratu>D for the same ftctinty w Uh>( Ut vUIch 
nuTington hnd been bitlilen. UtA withoal stinJrTr miagivings faiul he 
decided to priBeiit ItUnKrir sL ihv boll ; Tor hv wne bjr nu loouu earp wh^L 
JeuUM woulil tliiak of hiA rGnppcttmnco in tocuity «o soon &fter tii» 
shattering of »11 lus Iiojmm, nor ooiikl hfi Cwl «ny cortaintT' with reginl to 
tho footing' upon whJcb hf woatd now HtiLfii) with lier, or m to wheUier 
h« miiflit venture ta nak her for u riiinct.- or noL Yrt, since tbey inusL 
inwt Mon long, wlut fligniflod time and pUce ) The fint cncoiintpr 
might \tc a littlu awkward, Uit it vi>uld mon be o^'cr; and u to hu 
future line of ccinductr tliat miul \m ragulfttMl in ■ grvat niMfiim by 
han. lie did nofc delude himaelf into the bcUcf that 8uccc» could be 
von by any other mMna tfawt tioiB and mugh [ntieooc ; and, oe ho bad a 
limitlms Mip|>Iy of Ixftli LIip-w nenoanri«s at comninnd, it senitieil \MSt> to 
take the earliest opportunity of drawing npon them. He b«>l completed 
his toilet long before Borrington hoit doiui studying the effect of his fiill- 
lengtb figure before hla pier-glxs«. oiiJ, oillin;.' it ^loxsing Jiacrt, pteeently 
joinod tho etroftm of vi-liicK-s which wivi \Tvii<ltng its ^low way up the hill 
of MuHtaplin Suj>^iour, whoi-e the summer jiolocn Rtnndfi. 

Thv uiitjority of tlto conijiany hnd olieudy nnived when Saint-T>uc 
miule hilt eutmioe, and it wns with Ktme little dillioalty thai he 
threaded his way thixnigh the crowded apf^roncbcB to the baU-nwra. 
wliere the ordioitra wa-t in fUU swing, and wbcro toUt>ttea Pariaian and 
Algerian, mingled with xinifonus of every ooncci»abl<? cut and hue, peo- 
(IuomI n bewildering, idiifUug eSect of colour ami glittvr whidi, takon as 
n Bpntaclv, uiiglit, to a leae preooeiipiod uuui, liuve acomod worth guziojC 
at for a Taw iuiniit(>R. But Haiiit-Luc bad raen It all before, and wn» nut 
in the mood for studying tnlUavx viitiKtt. The gencnda and admii-oln ; 
the Spahis in thcii- MttrSet, and tho OhosMun d'Afrii|UO in their pole 
hlw), jtkckctii : the ju-^eU and iouit-'prefetH in tlteir greeo and gold cukUi 
tbo )H>rtIy mujoi-ci, wboae gold cmljroidery, not oonteut with cuvi<riiig 
their breosU, ororflovred, nnd meandered ngreeabljr down chf^ir broad 
bocks ; the riolet robes of a stray i!cc1csiastic or two ; tfao wbiti: bumouA 
of aone Axab chief, against which tlio croe-t and ivd libboa of tho I«gioo 
of Honour showed HOiuewhut incongruously ; t)w swarthy Moon and 
Uack-eyod, bodiatuouded Jewceaw — oil theoo wcix: ot^ucts with which he 
hod long Iccu fiiauUar ; and it was neithvr to look nt theui nor to 
aduiro tlio graceful OrieotHl aTX^itectwe of tli« polaco and llii> l«aitly of 
the illuminatod gardons that be hod furaukcn hia iiooturnal cigar aiul the 
quivtHdoof his ovnx chamber, liut AliAwltom ho hud wmo out loaoe was 
nomhenj to l» dbcovcred ; and, tn&tcnd of girotinj; her, Im« fuund liimsslf 
vro lung iwwjwllcd to sluUco Imudtt ¥nlh a kdy whom be would gladly 
have avoided. 

Mudaoto do Tmuouvillu wa» not one of thoxn paraoon who can tie 

uidoi without tln'ir own ^tsxl will and [iIimniiiv. She wha fiw too well 

iiibd witli h«M«clf to siipjioM! tliiit utiy n-.iui could roally m UU to uunjie 

fi-oin her, oud intei-pculcd Buut-Liic\i ntthei- diat.uil bow and alstnictod 







9un M A V3vn indicBtion of that iximiom wliiob wkb, iu bor ayes, one o( 
the chioTtividriDOMoritusDpcriontT to tliccotnuoo herd. 

" Yua ila Dot BiDtmo j-DurHtlf tog well, M. to VMmiuto,'* nuil %hc, 
pkWqghMide him, luvl UiHuwung lior alUiitdiuit CHvnIinr witlt nti iiii- 
artnaalom nod. "J/n /ur/ I am Dut mirprisei). From. P»m to 
A%iBi»— frcm Oie TuiletiM to MustAphn-'vhat b. cbotige ! W«t« 70U 
m mcbacrowil of droll people befiret Wfafttfaon! what nuuiners 1 

Attd M*diim9 il^ IVnmouvill^ dis'laiiifulljr ehrug^wl h^r pliini}) 
AooMai; which wen thiokljr coiLtcd with Itane de jmtUm, snd hcav-ed a 

iiro too «iv«pi» upon tiw ooni|«iny," answered Saint- 
,or, _ . . - S iaffiliuo'. " I have lii!en hut a few inintilni in Uw 
mom, ka>l *lt«Ml]r 1 Me OM fikM nnd otw toil«tto which could not Iw mr- 
either in Puris or slwwliera" 
" <H), tnoniupnr ! " 

"Bwitjr »t><) K'^ivl titstA alwA/s lind iinjtnt/>ni. Willi mich nn 

before tlirni, tlime IwUm will sftninMl^' Irnm MKm to rororm nay 

iittle«mm in tltnir ilraBS or condud," [itinsiic^I Haiot-Lnc. "(How nhnll 

? ' r' ! of thix dctwtAMc woman I) But it ik a kid I0 exjHMc youi* 

litcc Aonm.'o to tite riitk of being torn in such a crowd. Will you 

■llow DC to titid you n Mat 1 " 

" l/jt than tmr it — 60 much the better if they do," AUMweral Mndaue 
de IWntanvUle, poMin}; hy ihv hiut. " I have vomit hnlf-a-doaca times 
■llindj), titd I nm tire*! of the ngbt of it. Thoro i« tbo tniuie hnfrinnin^ 
•g«jn ; aHull we diuirv* t Quick I J tft- my ))arliw<r coming for nin." 
B&bit-Lrc, who hIwajs Mceptod the iiwrvitahlo with a good gntcp. 
Ha arm nraiul tlie waiat of hia £i)S(UDatin}^ oouipanion, and flontiH) 
ly with hm* into the whiiUn^ throng of d»nccrii. wfailo the yoiiug 
vhotn ho lia<l 8U]>plnxit«d lookod aflor tlio ooiiplo with minglod 
porrow uk>l n-prondi. 

** What It atmn^n worhl it ia, aod )iow little nny of ns know of our 
liitf'ttt'' (bought tbn philoMopbicnl Vicomt'', witlt an inward 
" That yoiuig fdlow, wliu would qtuinwl with any of Iiik Ijrothifr- 
f«- rot-hiii}; liim of a partner, docs not drvam of int<<i-f(sring with 
A turn of my prrwtigr. KiK7h a ciireer as mine haa been filla him with 
■rflmifaLi'M and tmpeot. I Boppone he tbinka ho would be poHIecCly 
1 " ' ' ' ' ' ' place* wjtJi me, aud I* looked upon aa a hwo 

lib thii« ]niiutMl, viil;.mr v-omaii, who haa alrMidjr 
uai' ' inUi tlM> widety of her IwltoTK, nixl in miH-niMo Iwcauao 

she n - tr>«M.-]i a Mill higher circle, i daresay tberv an even pco|>lo 

bit wttwj Jklmtamc ctv Trdmuarillo too. Is titme auch a tliinff na eon- 

t 1 ' I T and dofrt fvrrii'hudy wiali for euoieUiiuK he haa not 

■"WMi H.I In? gtfis ill la it Ii«>eiiuu' wlint 1 long foi* 

i -iyhfcppy ihiit I f<vl»,iich nc^Tlainiy offailuir> I " 

^' — - .).l.,.t.- t,|| tlieiic (|iK»tiau», and auiidnr vUtviti, 



-wbile be mu nicclMiucaUy {lilotiact ModMuo da IWaDonrillo in aad oiit 
among the rmtic oonplw wbo iwoItmI krouBd Um. Hn Iw4 just 
aimed at the wga oiodiuiot) that Uie bapiuent of iiiorlalH '» Uip tiu.n 
wbo bas oeaaed to ae«]t for hmpfiaese, wben bia oHKUtattone at»«l liia 
career wem alike eat abort hy the npparitioa in tlin ihiorvaj of a M]i 
vbon violet bowa ooiild oaiy bolooit to StalatDa da VaiilJiUir. 

" Bhe is comintt ' " tbougltt Bnint'Lw, forRvituijt uU bis |<biJiawpfaj ; 
awl be brought bi« pw-tnor (o n Kinblm Hiatitlstill. 

M«1atiio4(i VnubbuiO llukol it wan-, liui whom, nbwl van th« tall. 
f[iatwriil figniB and Utu |<tdp, |)ruiul buso that should bav« (aliaw«Mt Ixirt 
Hnini-I.iic. |ccnn)i nusionsljr out into ihc romdor. rouM diiiDovor nu 
faniiliftr oouitUiiuLiu» taw thv puulcd and ■0^7 uuo wf Mr. fiarnu^tuii, 
frowniugsbovo ih«t wlvw Uien oS tlio JtnytH Hurror Yewnuuiry C'nvjJrjr. 
" I nm not the only oim who i» dia»f>[ioiiited M-nigbt," tUougbl W, with 
a illuJ« and o sigh, an be iame^ lo gtcvt Madatoe dv Vniitilnnc, wLo 
dutebnd bia homl nii a drowning tuun sedzea a rope. 

" Men, I)iftt, nraDsiftur I " abo cxcJaioiDd, " how gbtil I niu to anj ^o 1 
What a tKiribls n-uxh, i»i it Hot I — nud not n paraon ban wboui I kiiuw 
— «iid I who [i»v« rrowila iii honor ! Jo (here n |iuai)>ility, iif> ^vu 
ibiak, of inj- finding a chair anywbei-© 1 " 

Madaino de Ti-cmonvillp |ioiinc«d npoi] th» Lw>«-ild4>nHl old IiuIt hnfbra 
8aint-ljuc could rL'iiIy, and iiuJiitol Lor with n j'tM-iU-juie of ahrill 

" Wbat, ikar madoiDe ! Yoii nt n bnll, and atoiio too ! But wlwre 
ia jninr daxmiiig jvnrfcjrcvl Wliat bnvo yun tluitu witli AIiidiiiBoiitena 
Jcannel 1 have been looking fur bcr arrival, Uut 1 tuight prtacnt to 
ber MOtuu ntost agrwAhlo j'oun}; tuoD who ara d^ing tn rwaVf. Imr ms 
i|uaiutanoe — >L dc Mouccaux, M. d'Amtlo " 

" iladf-moiseUti do AI«r«nc u nol wilh me." iiit«'iTiii>lfil tiio i>la ludy, 
fourly ; " and if ahv wrrr, 1 ahoii Id noi ibiuk it niy dtit/ to allow her to 
daoeo witli the fint tlmt cam^." 

" Oh, madniiie ! you know tluit I am disa-Dlioo itMilC My ft-iewbi am 
all penoDB of the bixhutt reei^oeUbility ; if Ibey w«ro not nlire at the 
iu>oeaiiion of LoniH XVIII. tltiil \h ni>itht>r my fflull nor tbuint. Rut I 
tnuit MutcDioiat'llo tfuuiiu; will join lut )W<>ii> iho vvcuinf* la orur." 

" She '\A QiOt coming ftl all,'' ouawensd Madnine do V'aiiblane, too full 
of ber griovaon to tfftniii fii>in ii[Kwking of it, oven to the oueiuy. 
" Hh« wroto to me at Uie Wl luonicint to stiy hbu luul tlie mifruiiic It 
b v»ry incooiidcnil<i — vwy inouuvcnit'Ul, L itnuo. llaviny acw]itM] the 
ILIaittchalft'K iQvitAtion, 1 fult liontui to imoip hvrv, niticb lu 1 dialika 
HUfili cntci-tiiiiuii-jtiA. Iiidfv-I, it ia only out of |>aliteiiean tluii 1 aioiui.- 
lioHH !iU4Mid rvtni the ^luiUl .Monday tiwcittiunK, tJi»aj{b Iborv, of eourco, I 
am mora aioooit my friRiKln." 

At Xh'ta luouifliit n yoiiti-^; -* aikI 

vidnniitKiUH iruuDirs ipivn hi: „■ ,, ,_._^:___ of a 

briii^lty-col'MiRHl hottr^bws xlioulilurcd hi« way tflwanbi tlw little 


i^w TI" wu ux nor^iiiuntiUR-iL- of M»<Iiutitt t]e Ttim.onvUW», irlio ]kut 
I uwi uT btT iDcnt tolling nniilttt U> mceivn Itui ; liut lie |inN«<l Iht with 
Low, ftbd tiunt down Ut oilbr Iim urui to MiwUiuA Jo Vuu1>ltiR«. 
** U*'' ■ ■'." m<p(Ib me to say tliat kUo ha* ii seat for yim 

W* ■ . i| 111'. *' Will joii i>cnuit mc 1 " 

So Uke violet otiiriblxNM wnnL Lolilnng lunl iKid<liii>; awajr thmigh 
I Uio Uof* Jwlcet, KLul (n-CKVntly Mudtuitc <Io TnSmoiivillD 

Jon of tnnkiti^ wut tier uM fiifml, tN»teil nt tlio fnx tinl of 

db* raon, xBuatg a cimiiu of uu^^tei whoiu, Ixtlil lu hIic wuh, fllie ilitreil 

. apiiraitcb. 1lic Iwlf who n.t (hat titnc excrcisid vice-nt;^ swny over 

Mcl«tjr of Al^nrm wiw gc)iM>ftilly tlt«ught to b*ve leotiin^ tcrw&i-ds 

wnn *ii(>Ujrkiiuiljr iivt<r«o to fiuiit wouimi of tltu lyyv uf 

itKiitvilti-. TIm Inttcr had dovlt bum obit; to oblMiu ua 

na t4.i tboMit MoixUyK of which Madwiio de> VmiMiuie bwl apokon, 

ribiii wMi B vct^ Mtre jiuliit with hni*. 

>Of »U the pno(il« 1 \mv9 6v«r i»ct, ] ituuk that old wouuui in Uto 

r*|Ua4^ tbs tnUHt ilinolunil. imd the incbl ill litvl," i-lte crietl, wiUi a linn 

iphmait Mill iiiiikilW(r.«i Humitli wUiuh iimtlu 8diiiil'LuL- lnii|;h a 


" Plogr old noiil ! " naiil hn. " Hlio mtomlilm » vmliiiit in obiimvtvr ns 
aatB tlio nfll)Cftl'nuLT^ ufbcr rkiii. Ifyoiivriutt to got M Uio goofl In 
, you aaut break tlmiugb a }iar>i outor ah^ of obstinAoy and prqu- 
illi wldob tJGM a uot irry tliick eovuriog of liit>teni«0 iigaiDM 
lutsuui miB, vliiob hna not Ittntul Iwr oror vrcll ; but Uw gooti 
I ftTD tbiiro, KTiil itdl M) biird lo disouviT nftiir all," 
Hah f fvfTylHKly hnit good 4|tuilitJc»," iTtuiiinl Mmliiuic du Tritaoin- 
Tijlr :iy. •' t mAj. Hfcy, without TiUiily. that 1 alio l»»«> Rooil 

L aU knuw tluit thttt IMghtful old VhuUmio nud tlio 
I de titmil uu) MadpmoLa-Iift il« Mtraao give money to Uxe poor 
▼JMt tbii •tJj-W <vr-jiMiiiti«lly ; )|iit that v* nut whut t>ui^i«Ly nxpiiiwi of 
^Htam. 1/ tlii>_i hiy llii'ir [tmyf-'ni ivj^ularly and keejt all tJK' tcu cum- 
naadiur-nts, >«u ainch th" bKlcr for tlmm— iliut ix Uicir ulTuir. Sjdvty 
•k«a not tonti'Tii itwlf with nuoh thiufp, but nuply iwkH Hint tbny 
•boald nhow mwii' KuniM of intmtr-inrrt juwl goo<l Irruediiig, aiid tlut in 
pr«di«ly ■■ I -m drx^" 

"PRf) < < . ixit I iniiKt difTrr from you ttitJrely, ho fnrnil 

U^Jctuuiaellti dc llr-rauc uiil tbr Pncheffi nn> uoiuxtrnod. I iwver uici 

ILJa^^ftrUn of more f-t'ifivtly i-Pllniyl and niaiAblp lUAtinctv. Ait for 

^^^^^pn* (ki V«ubbi[u\ At' M A lilUi lirnEi|iiit ; Imt T fuid dial, n» I grow 

'■"' iMtt. 1 raluu inopk inoiv Tor what (bey aro tliau Tor what tJtoy mxm to 



'T ii'ifci lit*-? 

li I" iTi(«l MiulaiDp ih tHmonville, Uirowinji up ber 
' f '* n>r. " Oin- 'io« not go to « 1j«11 to 
i4int« ; you weary mo-* 
iiitnd*, 'miwlaioo, hi>w«Tar ttrutil,'' rqdlnl 

>hi-T I 





" Stop ! BaGm yon fto, Utic mc to thai. M. BartuntoQ. I wuit i 
mIc bin what b that fine iinifonn h» watn, I <lii| not know bo ' 
nif/tf-Ttrr," Mid Maduoe de tbtaiaoviUe, vboas tastai in more 
tbui DQO w«n idoilUBt vtUi tbiMe of the OiMtdo DocfanaM dn OiralatfiiJI 
PMpl» who bim tiie barmlflw) mania t^ femting out Uie ori^ol 
;wnroea of great eventaaie food oT prorjnir, or Mwming to ['Mve. ili&l tlie 
I of Uie world's birtoiy tuta been aHtKlf^ over and orpr iv;]Uii by 
aoQii* jMiltry occun piipc to »'liiph no ono paid any nttimUon nt Lli:<> tjniP, 
nor rcoolluctnl until ton^ nAirviudii. A flt of tii'ltfcrslioB, Lht^y tell u%, 
Mets tboiiMnds of lives ; aa apple falUn^ from a treo loads to a nciculjlic 
dijiCovi<ry of inckloiilablt itD|>ortanc«' ; »ii angty worrl licvidra tha fiito of 
an cnujiiiTi. Ab ivgank aiich tciinrtHuL uiat(*fra, tlto cliuin of rwwoning 
{», [icrliaptt, more citrtouii tban \-atiuk)ilc, and wrw*, nt »io»'t,oDly to ahoi 
liow the iu«vit»1>le may ho haslmed or delayeil liy trillet ; yM lliere cmi 
be but Tew lucii who, looking back upon thctr ]>nst li>-«ts will iluujr tbst 
tlieir pcraonal hinlon- has lieen fiuiliioDMl les hy wliat tli«y liavo dono 
than by vrhnt hna bnppcnnl to tlion. Wiae and fooliilb, sttong and 
weak, must yield ftlQco to tb« iDflaorKC of tririaliLi«e, iu vrbidi eome aee 
tbo haiid of PTovidpner, fome iho blind, uncontroIUble working of an 
infioitoly compli(»t«Nl machiiie, ajid mmc men.' ncciik-nt. If Madamo la 
Mar^chnla hnd not, otit of pure good n»turo, srtnl an nido-do-camp to 
look aftflr an unattractive old vonuin : if 8aint-Ij»c had not bappeued to 
annoy liis volatile partner; if Darringloa'a silver Lu« bad bcc-n « littio 
less conspipnous, MndAtne de Tromonvillp would novor h4ir4 workod UiO 
muchirf (Jiat nUr. did tliat Di^tv and the connie of UMr? than one IIA 
would bave taken a dift«rcnt direction. 

8ho was not an ill-nntar^l {MTson, tbts qiiiok-wittsd, nnderhred litUo 
FrcnchwoQMui. Bbo did not want to injure or afflict anybody, and wna 
Ao noiro capable of Imtrvd than sho was of ]ov«. Hor vulnerable iwiiit 
ma hor vanity, and if tiiat were toncbol hUp woiilil sIkiw spito nnd 
temper for a timt*, na a oat arcbttt lior back and spits wlicn a big dog 
titalba iKutt her withoat turning liia linul. BecauM she had been fgnorod 
and 31adame do Vaublnuc bonoutnl, Ae felt it a neccedty to my some 
flliAip things of tliat liuly nnd bvr dun ; and <iinc« Saintl.uc did not 
■Mm 'diiilXBWd to liiM'allow' b^^r littlv done of cnlauny, she thought ftbe 
wonld admiuiBt4>r it to Mr. BaiTinston, wbotn fibe kn«w to be also a con- 
etant visitor at tb(< CampAema de 7tl«»m«. 

Long afterwanld, wbcm he recalled that evening, and Madame de 
Tr6moQrillv'» envious ili»pHnif^Qcnt of one wbnm tu' kii«w to bv immf»- 
Kumbly bpi* Kujimor, Ban-ingtou osod to wouder bow b« could bavo 
allowo'l aiicb rain babbling U> produce even a paasing impreaaian xtyimt 
hta mind. Karlier in the day be would, p<Thapf>, hni^y ham attended 
to it; but nt that moment he was annoyed ojid pi'r|>lexo') hyJcMUte^ 
failure to kivp licr n|>poinlmeut, and Hta uiUgivtngM wbicli lie bad only 
half stiBod in the morning had liogun to rettuu u|)Ou bim. Tbo mtad, 
na well iw the IkiiIv, Iidh HKVtouH at wliicb it i> niem Italile to roeeivo 


ftt Atlu'ty, luid, luvini; rMoivwl it, is Uea ftblo to shitke 

AfW nil. it VM Mtbing vrry t«rrililo tlial Mmljinic cle Ti-dinonvillo 
KWtKO rtawllng, alie aaJ li<>r partac-r, ott n broad x-cmndftli, 
canpod from tbo benteO air of tho lall-rooiD. Before 
NtivU'liMl tl>n f^r<l<:-n wttli iU trim Iawtw, it« flowci'-becU, iu Ircca 
'ahxvW, lU rolouivil )Am|i«, iic expanses of tlglit and dark jMitchFis of 
Talwdov. Bnrrittetaii, kiuiine ngMiuit ih niArble pillnr, mad looking out 
npOO the V>(1 l>Miatf of the niglit, wag liRtfiniofr, »ot vta-y ntt/ntivdly, lo 
Ui fianpuuna'ft npii) chatter. She }uul Uwii donnuncing au<i riilictiliug 
tfce DwbcMg •)(> Ihvnil aod Madame de VaubUnc. She had mimicked, 
mlKr cEenirlr, th« higli and migli^ manner of the one, and the hamh, 
naftng mice of tlio other. " A pair of old ogrcanra, who fancy tliiMn- 
kItw firinooMM ; nalxvlv ttt cnu-l enottgh lo >1isibiiM them of their 
«mir," Am ndd. Elanington liHtenecl to it all, not wiUioiit niiiiiiieun^nt. 

»l{e tibooglit the two O j p tiw e n wcie very well aide to HUind up fji- Miimh- 
•dvBi — M ijuIdmI thej ««re — and did not foel called iij^on to ondcrtAke 
tbfir dNTvne*. Now it wai Jeanne'^ turn. 

** Toll me, monatitur," cried the little ludr. rtatin;; her mmdcd annn 
ap*Mi tii« marldo )alii>^tnulo, and flnttftring Iter fan lU) ahn looki-i) up in 
^btha Ri^jahman'a fiice, "yoti who an no well aeqiiaititfTd yrliii her — do 
^ yi»i find Ihb- wry attmctiTe t " 

BuriDgtao had fonnd her very decidiylly bo; but h« replicul, in a 
tnoe of Judicial impartinlity, " WHI.yoi; beBbonMsaythutMadomoiiolIo 
dit Mflrwc *»« n-rlainly an attraettro peraon." 

"Bealtyl Sut {■eatlomea and hulleo m widom agree on these 
Tlintmth ». tlut one voman ia always *faii«rjad^ of another 
lifiv ttisn rtin Ito." 
t I otwm'cd tJuit the voi-ld at Wi^ had long i^[o arrived at 

di... -■', op|KM>ite coiictitKion. 

" I Imow that ; IxiL the worhl is iuitt«ken, ah it very often is. The 
<t MHutuiii); lliat all vroiii<-n arc jinloiiA of one anollier — 
,.1. It IN may moiiglt for a woman to plonae men ; btuaty 
I will rio that, not to sprak nf a hundred other woapona whirh Hhe 
lo Tiw Ijeforo aho U out of the naraery. Bat if tdia wiohos to bo 
lirved hy other wrMneo, she innst Itave a heart. Juanne de Menae baa 
nn t-rarl She ix m cold m a »<to<ir; kIio Iioh no rvnl afftY-tion for any* 
^^^•Ij- i and that i" why I, fi>r one, nm repelle-l l>y liw." 
^H u Von will allow, at least, that aba bos aonie oiTootion for Iwr 
^^<T»(b«T I " Kaid Barrinf^n. 

'* Affnctlou ) I do not know. 8hc t« kind to bin), and does a great 
dsl fur bim ; tiut Llmt i-Ajilnina iuelf. Trtif^, M. Barainton, I will givo 
tixi key to Jeanno d? Mcmc'a chaincter in throo words — Iovb of 
. tike haa otw of tbo» natarm— happily not rery common amooff 
gfa-b— which mn tic tanguaultnouM, f^ieroua, amiable eTCO, to 
irliich revolt a^catnat all autlioHiy. Hato von »• 

0— s 



uiorkod bar pkonoa for ««itnnU t It u tuaJjr uodontood [ they do oat 
qumlion her oH<*r*. She dowt** bptwlf to Kcr luolhcr — vlij I ItaauiMi 
lie ilotti nothiDg witliotil coiuiiilltn^ licr. Wbun be begiii» U> Hcl for 
liinufelT, kUo will ttbunioii liisi, nuJ awk for koiuv utbcr aUre. 
MMlame da lireuil, who u ooupletoly utiJor lier tbuml>, i>b« tolentev, 
bat does not like ; becauius rAct all, the iuo«t cwy-^ing of iJutperona 
miiKt occa«to])Ml7 Uy aouo nwtticttona u(>on bu- oburgs. In thori, Uiu 
j^rl, who migiil liai-t) tniulo hei-self Uilk«>l of if )tl)9 luiil been bora to & 
Uii'ooi', will m^vcr be nuytJiini! but lui iiitfuiiitorlAliW wif«; uuili fur my 
|Kct, if I vtn Kl. ■)« SAiut-I.uo, 1 wouM hot tiiiitT}' lior, thougU abc bad 
tnioe lier Lcnutj anil ten tinuw ber ifartuDr." 

*' Poaaibly dto may dedino to umiry U. do Suiiit^Luc," Mid 

*' For litii snkv, I Lope with ull my bi-art Ltmt ahe Ui»y. Her Iitu- 
band will )^vc two nl toi^ativoa 0)ion lo liiin. Eilln-r ha will hat-e 1u 
Mubmit to linr at oate and uun-sorvnily. (a nllow licr t/i control evat}^- 
Ibinfc itot exce]>ting liia expeiulUur« — iti wbiob cato abr will doubUen 
mannge bin alTnin well, iuid tiviLt Uliu wiUi cvet^ cun^idur&tiMi — or ho 
will have to %bt n long battle, out of which he caii ouly come rictorioiu 
at tbo co6t of hilt ba|>piuun. No loau ia vtry likely lo adi>{iL tho fonucr 
cooiiie, an! it iit not evmy oiio who will Kiu-cce-l iii tlio liiu«r. All tltiu^ 
coiicddfTcil, 1 ilo uot favy Mailrnioinelle ilouiiib'it futtiif^ hu»)<iuiil," eoa- 
clnded Mii'Ume lic Ti'i-coourillo, aa »he tuiii<><) to i-p <>iil*'r tint Imll-roODi. 
BaiTiugtoii doimed hiji liclmel i nd his luartial <-1oak, and vent 
cltuikin):> duw:i tliv iiill, pmstvu and vnguWy un<w^'. Tbfi brund higit 
innd lifforn biin was i]>3n-t>d by black NbiidowH from tbo a<»rin trei» l1iat 
liuixk^i'cd it ; and, t* lii^ uaikcil, it m-ui<v] In tdm tlml bo wa.^ looking 
forwui-d iiito liiv own ftitui'e putb in life.uiid could see K>mc «ticli (Milclieo 
ofglooiu lying uaxxu iU " Love of power hvr only pBaBioa" — " i^o will 
never bo tuiyLhing bnt im iueu|ipurtiiUe wife" — "Sbo ia aa cold oa > 
atone "—wlmt were all theM Hfctijaittorui but the rcllcclioiu of hi» owii 
foi-elxHliusH mollified, pcrhajn a liiilp i1iftt<iri«Hl, by an iingry woninnt 
Or was it only that tlioy w6]>e rvjiderej iiicrK ditiliiid.1 \VclI, if it 
wore so, that did not miiktt thwni inon» rvil It is ol)lii|iiu lit^lits — half 
liglita — tliab fling eltatlowx, aud teem to voiivrrt thvm into tonjiiblc real- 
ilica. Wlion tiie aim ia high ovci-bmdi and aII dark tu>olu and roi-ooili 
urv illumiiiatod, Ihcy vaoiiib Hway. Hut then eoiiinion Moae Ktep{icil in, 
tuid (tuinlvd out that ftimilni were not fncbs nnd that alVi- makiitj; every 
allowaiLOO for tiio exnggenitioiia of a hoattlo ei-itio, tli«rti slill renininni 
■ome biuua of truth to aupfmrt her iiawtrtiotM. Joanne wiia, uuduubtiNQyt 
fond of hfcown Wrty, and ftwiiRtoiiKfl t«) j;cl it. > ul 

fnahtoii uf iMiuing hrr cnuiuitnilx lo tlius'> niioul. :tng 

ivaauiia for tbeui ; aIiu wiu far iiion* diJ^nunl to uubcnd iti tlic preneiuxi 
of her infctriora than in lliut of her orjitnla, iuv\ towar^U tJi« )aU«ir her 
bwuHiiij waa ainiust invAi-iably cold and indiltWunt. ItnrringloD Imd long 
non retsarkad tboae tniila an hvr Uinincier, iioii bad bevu aU«act«il by 





L nhn licwii [ur>m like I1m> reet of iht warM, bo would Iinnlly 
ib Iu»u irilli ber. iful (bfiU, i» oriKinalit/ n <lwiml>i6 riiwlity 
Ib s itifnl Tlio wUold unwxion Uy tliwu. WohM tioi llie very iiiwu- 
tins wUich luul adlttl his jusiiori uito oxmUiilm; cuiilrilmli! avm sirutigly 
tbt^a mjihiag COwanlB its extinction " in tho knot Iheru's no untyiug " t 
AH Kxjmmcc Mxtmt^^l lu Aonwer Yea. If only the pn«cnt stAto of 
•Akin cuulil Iio iniiiiib'ly [Mvlungnl. and Uic quostiou of nuu'riagc 
■djcnnwtl I'fK itU ■ lbon;jht Barriugton, as Iw toilet) wciarily ii[fitaii8 to 
liti iMlnxMU, a jinvy boHnnlitH luid foiravitli which, it u tu Ijuliopitl, tluU. 
no oat vill ffxJ luiy Nyuifitttliy. 

The Frooch nuiil liucl oima in Ltlo that crcning, and a [nio of letteni 
Uy on ha IaIjIo ftwuiUng jM.-niHJ. 

" EroMl StjVBiOnr't fi^t," rontCereil Uamngton, as ho took up ooo of 
and nuk iiilo on nnu-dialr. " 1 wuudur what he baa got to oou- 
ulxKit now i Iio ucvvr writes unless lio haa mmo griovance. 
la ill n^n, I suppou." 

" I III rortlnnil Plaf» : Jiiut A. 

**Mt uuk Hakht, 

'•"]!■ Aii'l dtAlr«*«« uhii'h, ilaniiji; titu lut tlirce ditya, 

liaire almost • < -1 mo must 1)0 my vxi'UM^ fui nul luiving writtou 

to jca brfore tiiiM. I utu positive that I ne^'erel tiiiKM gava dirocijona bo 
faare a tolagnuii antt to Itn>Ai]ri<lgo, but it suu^ma Unit, through tlw ncgli- 
fgoioa of Uie wrvanlM, ihifi woh not dcmc ; and now, U» my grvai Mir[>rittv, 
t bare just Ifiutit froDi your Aunt Hunan tbat you have not yet rctuniud 
ftnn Algnria> 

"I faara nut Teolimd aa ypl> t>u communicate thiti n«wii to deur 
AnwIiA, who U conttantly mdcing foi* yon, oimI I aholl ti-y, if ]>oesitik\ to 
,uillian ]m villi amtnuiofla of your njicoily arrivnl. In her prcHint 
■Jin fkxfi iiqU I think, ttikc much nolo »r iho [nuHai;^ of 
to 1<H liM- know how many days must uMxwaarilr el»|i«o 
Mure WD cwo tiopu to luvc yon witli ns, tfau nhodc n-oold, I nm cwn- 
noood. barv a moit dtdotoruma odioot upon her. 

*' AIk*, poor ilau ! aha liaa had on« of ber most nlanning attadca. 
F>> 'iiir hitani nho watt idmoAt mUivtly uiiconfcioiiH ; and, though 

•b*> ■'' ~ tu wiw axtent mllicd, it >a ita|>08Hit)te to dcwril*c Iwr stuki 

otfaarwiai* ibau as one uf exUvuw {vril. Jlor muadatioa is fri4;htriil, and, 
a«lar n >', I may my tliat for days pa^t ehv luu taken litn*n)ly 

iHBft. ■ i.iiiliii;, whJL'h V'lii iiiuy ivnu<iii)>nr that ue hitvo fomid 

ra nwfo) hltlinrtu, alio Itaa hnni uualihi to txsuun ; and tliutigli tho light 
fiuioMeOiu food oidered by tlw doctor has. up Ui the |>rawut time, been 
kwpt ii|MD bar ■tomnch. who mn my how long it may renain tlMnl 
B'l ou wilh tlino painful details. 

11, whom wo callad in wow tUya ago, avoius la 
If- t pivin^t any ilectdtfil upiniuti a]Niti Uw iww, but telta no be 

ik>^ ii> 1 ii j '•'li'ind >[)>' *"HnmJi<j<c daagvr. JDimr Amolia liuraulf, huw- 
*«ar, \\^* liit><' ■ V" |.'.jit)uii oftiTtf Iiuivtiig bar tied again. 


11 « 


" Your Aunt 8inaa trifis to ch«er iia up in ber voU-JBUintioD^ bat 
rather rough way, and taya the whole (hitkg in nothing but li^'Stnia, bim) 
vili go ava; as stuldvn]]' aa it caua Hbo is opposed to mr rocnlliog yoa 
to IteglaiM) ; bat I am sura tliat joa will Tool, with m«<, llial I am rifjbt 
in doing ao. How difficult it Beema to be, to thomii^ily rolmKl |teo|il(f, 
to eympaitliiB<.^ with tho<«> who arc- in conatoot ill hmltU 1 To h«nr yotir 
Autit NiiNan tnlk, you wotiM iniAj^nn that Anudia nni] I were to Unim 
tor IxTJttg ll>e wretched inv»)idn that we arc ! 

" I tnywflf iiin very Tar bmu wtM ; and Puffin being in the hou^ I 
thought it only {vrudcut to consult him. But I donht wIietlMr, in tiw 
■rcry short iotnrviow ho Uionght fit to piwit mo, bo can have proj 
grai<pi\) tho Rignifioanw of my eymptoma. Ho mj* T aui (1y«|ic|«tie, and 
that may bo ut ; Init ily«p(rp<in mnuol ]iotwibIy aocuunt for all the 
otrango aensattDtis that I hare ex|«nenccd of late. A oontonual and 
moat dlstmsijig ninging in the eais, aiiddGn and nnaocsountable pnins in 
the back and limhi), |m.lpitatioii of tlic lieaii, giddincsa, diatasts fin- (oni, 
■ dnwnineae, and sad depression of spirits ai« o^y » fow of tb«ic Sbontd 
my lifo bo Bpaivd until th« mmmor, I propoiip, willi 8ir WilliMin'it |m7- 
■DiBBion, to givu a UinI to tho (loM wat«r euro at Miilvcm. Wlukt ibo 
«flbct of tliat (Inutio tnntment wilt be upon to enfeebled a frame oa mine 
tame alono can show ; hut I am willing to run the riak, and am, I bopa, 
jitstifiMti iu ao doing." 

Ilie aame interesUng aubjoct waa piinnifsl tbraugh two more oloaelj^ 
wri tta n pagea, wbiub Barrington dismissed with a hasty glanco, and ' 
throw the 1ett4.-r a«ida Tlio Amelin, wbone MufTpringH w«)« so touebing^ 
depiirted tlmrviu, wim hia ouly alstcr, Mis. Ht^vmonr, who, ba%~ing 
delicHtn, uervotiK, and fnnvifiil all Itrr Itfo, had d«ToUi|<«d into a ronfirmnl 
invalid, after linking hnr fortunes with tbnsc oravaletiidiiiarian husband 
This was neithfT the fii-%t, nor tho second, nor the third tituo timt Banii 
ton had lieeti Kiuiiiiionoil. in all biiHto, to iittoud herdeath-lietl, and hMd 
an-ivod to lind hur ou tho Kofn, and not much worao tlmn uduaI. Site 
w%s alwaya dying, but, itomehow or other, nm-or diod. At tho same 
time itwaa undeoiablR tliat so (Vagile n. crentiiro might die upon naoll 
provocation ; and though Barrington felt very Uttio alarm on tbe |ireea)t 
occasion, and was rather ilispoecd to n)incidL' with the viewa of the 
unfeeling Aunt Huttai monttoncd by Mr. Seymour, ha could acanwjy 
h«eita1v lo olx-y the niunmona Mnvoycd to him. Tho only ^antion waa 
wliHhftr he rouhl mid sliould lire Madonioi<^'llti iln Mei-Mu; U^or^miUng 
for tlii^L-uid. Now .la the Marscillcn boat <lid i>ot anil till noon oiiiho 
following d«y, and as Banington wtia aware that Jeantie waa n viry 
early ritttrr, it is evident that ho might have obtuiuod an interview with 
ber if be hiul iso dcaurcd it ; but, in truth, he dcairod no nich thing. To 
8M Jeanne again woiilil he jiieasont ; to huar from her own liju that the 
loved liiia would be plcmanter still ; but to Und faimaeir an irTevooalify 
enjpifjed man would be — wdl, a iduulo km {deiuftDt. Cimunabaneoa not 



cf Ub cratftng or Making luid« u it nppcwd to tlw pmdent lover, put 
H in hia power to gnin th» vny thing timt lio «-itnt«d — nftmoly, the cnn- 
*^n^«**f* of hb promt relatiotis with tlic girl whom ho lorcd. And v\\y 
■boold Iw mt tikke MlvKotagti of Uicm I H<; liiul so thought of gintijr; 
JcMUM op; nemthtflfM, h« wii» nol [»«f>u<Rd imniDdtatiJy to tak ber to 
hp hia wiir. He wantMl lo blow bot an<l cold nt the snmr time, in nhort, 
u»<l tlwn^t be coulfl now ttee his witj to Uic accomplishment of this im- 
popiblff frat. Ito naolvw), tbomfnre — tliotigli not without mimy wpba — 
Ihat be would deny hiinBoir the <lcli!:bt of mt^>tin« Lvr onoo moro Ixifoni 
Ma dirpArtum, nnti ntt ilnwn lo «nito> )i(m- n l»ttcr in^d/vu-l. 

TsC, -wbw Iio had cohiikmyI Knd nddrenad this mienro, he wm more 
Uhb hslf iodiuni to Umr it up mpiiii, nutl would v«ry likely liave dono 
•o if MadUBO (fe 1't«DioDvill«*s (iropboUc wui-Js had Dot bung in bis 
mmaij, wad wiu-rckI him ngninst ntmying ttota tha sefo path of doUy. 


Im WQiai M. de Fostvieixle tells jln Old Broir. 

- Mv nun MAiiKaoixr.i.Le dr Meriac, — I cannot t«n you how AUt^t- 
|MriMed I waa nt not meeting you nt the hftU Inst night. I wu very 
at the time, biit I am a (rrvat deal tnoK Mrry now ; for, m it 
<Hit, I liav(> not only miawfl tli^ opportunity of a few plnuuuit 
with ytKi, to which I bod Uvn lookiuf; forwaitl immenfM>ly, but 
■las th«t of biddini; yon goo>l-t^. 

" I little thoMglit, when I r^de aw«y from yrnir dwor yp8t*'nlHy. that 
I bad lakfo what may r«ry lihvly )•« my laat look of tlii^t donr And fiuuiliiu- 
ho«w> wh«9« I have jniaal so umay luippy hours aud bavo ini<t with a 
Inqiitatity and inndti«n for which, T nsrun) 7011, I a-m not ungmt«riil, 
A<>«lgb I havp Kaitl littU alMtat it. lint no Et wait lo be. Tho mail broiigbt 
ma • loUer from tny bixxh^r-bi-liiw, t^'llinL; uie of my sister'B aerioun ill- 
and boeging me Lo rvturu la Kn^Uiid itnmcdtatvly. One cannot 
wall Hiivegard a niqamt of that kind, althnii^b in thiit particnlar 
it miglit i«ilifti« be [loiiiihie to do k> withoitt any rva.\ hcaitlcn- 
or iwUfferenoc AJI my pr«vHou« <'xperMDc« of my Rii<t«r'» illuonaa 
ma to anticipate that, wbni I mach mr Joiimpy'R md, 1 iihall find 
tfcal I tni^it (jiiite na well have remained wheiv I am. nad wborc I winb 
with all my heart tbnt 1 eoald Ktay. But there ix, of courw, the itOB-a- 
bdity of matum hriiid morA aorioufl than I imagine, and tberrfore t 
have no alCnative luit to i^l. liy tho Uud IhJf reacbea you I nliali be 
on board the Jivpliral'i, and oiiWdo thp IinrMui*, 1 darmay. I wondi--r 
wbchnr yoa will In looking down at as fruiti tbe terrace where I hitve 
to eftao atMd beaMe yon and watched the great Ateamen erawliag 
away like lorltMiU towards the borixon I NbnII lam^ ymi tiiere, at fiiiy 
rmtr, and ahatt fceefi my nyen ii|i>»i tJki.> old cliflii and wood* until tlieir 



ontUiMM noli into U10 Uus muw of n hilly ooaet, whush, ia its tueu, will 
gnwiaally twio into m dim doiiJ. anil |^w Ciuutor nod fainter till it 
vuiioboe iilt<li;ctli'.'r. *ii'i Algori*. for iiw, fWolv«s iieolf into a memory. 

" 1 am Ruro 1 ncetl nul Mtv hovr mud] 1 ragn-t luuvitig iii lliiH ntirupl 
mnniier ; biit, as you arc, it U no faiill of mine, mu) 1 nm longing fw Ibu 
time to coino wbeu wo Btinll mfK-t in Knritmrlan<l, for I talcA it Tor 
granted that I am to Iw iillo«*«l to join you i1i*tw. Would it be utkiiig 
too uittob of jrour ldiKlui>M tu bug yva Ui let uie 1ia\-o a fow lin«9 as soon 
Wt yoQT platw ar« fix«l, saying wlion aiid vlirro 1 may hope to sw yon 
B|;iunl A letter w]clris«nl to Llie fouwrvntivo ClaK St. Jaioos'tt Stnvt, 
or Co tlie Travolkn', VuU Mull, Lo&doD, vUl tUwnyts flnd me. 

"AVillyuu pluaHB mako my uxcunos to tli*i Piioltewo do Ilnnill, snd 
itmiembor mo very kindly to yoav liroUior aod M. Oc Fonlrieille I 

" My denr M»demotselIe do Mersttc, 
" MflBl siiioeraly youre, 


Looked n[MNi iu the liglit of a written forcvoll intended to iiuitato 
the lHt«r of nn oiigugod man to hk fiattrfe as doHely an may he witJiout 
uctiiiilly co«i)iromiain^ tlie uTitcr, the aboYo ooiupoaition mn hanlly \» 
reckotwd a sncccaa. Xukm, on the other hand, fut tha hmt vml of an 
nnfortimate who baa gone a gruttt diMl furtliw than hn m<:M)l. and wvs 
no Nifciy for himaclf bub in tUght, it may, pcfbn|ui, U- vurwidc-rt^ m sof- 
ficiontly suitablf for its punKsv — tbo maniw in which such aiiroi-lauiUa 
Riity dioofw to l>luii(l<ir out of tho tnanlM'A Itetng of Tory aliglx Uu|iortAnce. 
Iliit, 00 the rc«tdei- in »vai-c, it vwt iu tho fwmer, not i» Iho lattoi- dw- 
raotor tliat lUrringtun ii?gnixlnl bimEclf, and wisbnl to b« regarded ; and 
if bu bmd bcoa it fow yvara yuim;:Di- aud a Utilo lew mortuily iifniid of 
eomuitting hinuioir to pajin-, be might |x>K*ihly Iikvq |>r(ida<M>>i wtno l«6e 
o]uu>«y cx)n«aaon of Imk Konow nt jMrting. 

Am it wan, be watt fully ttcut-ible of th« dofocU of bia letter, and bad 
tho gmoe to fori thotvugbly oidiamad of it. He pcreeivod Uiatit was too 
long, too Goi»tmined in tom% iind, wowt of all, too atptHogltio. He knew 
tluit aiui- what bnd puhcH-d Utwe«u bim and JaMUU) bt ngbt eiliier tu 
have wiid mont or tt>>>)i. llv evva wouC further, and aoknovtiMlged to 
liimoclf Uiat, uuluna liv wuiv iiiTpnnxl to indito a formal offer of nuuTia({i', 
bo ought not^to havo written at aII. B«C in tbat cmac be tan^t Itavo ny 
KigUMl al) iiiteiitiini nf ittiik iiig xurb un olfer atiuiy fiitin< imI tbiit 

aW I>o van not )>i-i-{>ar(^l to do. Ko. dit«atiailed as be » .1 : : remit 

flf bia UIkxiiv, he thntst it at Itaigth into an i>DViib)|w, n groau luid 
a dtuqmiriiig Bhriig of hii »>houblL'i-tt, ftvliiig that the difficulliei nC tbw 
emtrgextcy w«ni too innoy for bim, niid bcioi^, tnoi«ovflr, {f tbo Qutb luiitrt 
he tobi, n trillo ]ima»'il for tinir, for no rniii, hivt'lorn <if ulluirwiw, 
cau BPt out U|>ua a jwumoy without baring llrtit jnckinl up bia rlolhna 

And ia due mum tbu miflsivn reached its dtx^tlsation. U -wba 


»All£UOlJ5KIJje |)K JitKltSAC. 




Vp to Um) Caiupagne Ho Mqi-soc by a tateaao^t troto (li6 Ji6[«l 
mill WKM hiincle'l U) Jtnimu mm sla« eat at lh« br«akf;utt'tiLttlo, 
niiiod wbidi, ns ill-Iiick woultl Imvo 0, wctu grouped tbc DnoLan, 31. du 
FMife*iwUlr, utul I^OD. Not half a liostsn tiniM in as muhj^wMilu did the 
Pacbm Imvv l«.*r room )«fbri> llie aftdruoon «';u woU kiIvhuccmI ; iH»r»el/ 
mnn vftm wm M. dn Font^ icillti wwit to dcuuuMl Uwpitalil; oT bis 
Highhuuri ; while, lu fur the young uuiater oT the hoiis^, his nvoeatiotut 
fiv^iiKntljr In] bim uUce away fixtni home at tlto hrmkfast twur. Uut or 
.' uf (til otlKm, JkludMiiK' ik' Xtittiiil IimI woke up 
:mil hlmiijj : M. (Ki I'ViU iuilloH istl. bad luade a 
i«til apoO tb« iciod ^wk■9 und Iht^ ilitb of nuutll bJriU tu nbich Uiut gentle 
nuui luul boeo looking for Lin midiloifsustcntuico; and l^^on, being mioio 
Uoabb^ (if uiUkI, bad fullen out witli Piei'iD Caitvtn, and bud ridden back 
is tbo Bulks, Imrin^ biB day's dntica half uccouplisbcd. Tbua it caam to 
pui tbat Jouuitt liad to u|i«n bcr U<iloi- in tbo pnMitoo of ibrvo witnoaes ; 
and, wkiU Mi« vono fitill, liiul to raid il wilb aix inciulring cjca fixed 
ninn Iit faoi\ 

r"!))!!" vbo bare iatnlligcnco of a EitAitliug lutum to impart ougiit tc 
rJcatuiUH is Utc ordiiuury matinor, tbTi]u<;b the jicmt. In 
- -dy g»ts on« or two letters at bn-nkfaKUtime, and nmy, 
li^ ttUnnatDS a litUe M>lf-cointuntid, make abifb to i«c«[ve u idiatp epis* 
lala(7 blow «t-iLhoiib diApUjing tiuf«coinii)g emotion, or cxctttug tbo 
attmtion nf Umwi wlio iiit ul uteiit wilb him — eKjtec'inliy if, us is to be 
aaticifii' 'UT U- busy orrr the rtnilr of tlicir ova oorro'itOiKl- 

1' . '. i|(!Uv«rcdaftri-]Kwt-hotirfitutifit,itit)ioiMtur«of tbuigti, 
Kme ttli^bl Mir of cuj-ioiity ia llw buut iuquindtjvc aud best-bml 
rurJr«i which ij- Hxnrtimui apt tu U> a Ittllu lui-d ii|k>ii tbu rMUptoiit, 
Ofva wbom Hf •■unydoueiinMi of Iming morr or Icsa finiiv«ly nxlfhoH cad 
banlljr (ail Ui jriwhicv u HcnsaLiou of ducoiiifort. Ilad Ban'Si^ttiU b«m 
fvmmtmi ut tl*at lik-e cob»dcr».tio«i for Uio fcvlin^ of oiboi-a wliidi bo 
V" (P'TIt' - "*"' tlill imuipiins — to Ijc ouf of bin moAtsiilieiit ohunutfimtica, 
If uixbl I"-- >' ' ' ibuDgbl vt tiiif, niid put » ."Unip ii|>uii bin Ivttcr. 
ilul (luiiijf *\- ■ ■■ ■^. tuid buriug before hLi miiul'^ cvft n it-uLiini'iitftl 

l^ins of J<min<^ Hlandina; on the tcrnuxt and wiHtfully ffnnng after tliu 
good ship wkii-h wna baoi'iug ttcr lovvr avruy b(i)roud stau, bo ubouo imUior 
tu eajMjul lite fi«iics »|iua wnnding it up tbo bill by sjieuiiil luceaoDger. 
Tb> cwiwit"*'''*^ ^^ ^'""' ^^* ^''' Futilviciltc vu^ int4.-nt)pU\1 iii thn 
niMlo of a giiqiuuit atirr<]<it<<, aud wiv* Uiii to wind it up iii u luiniod and 
lUK* maunAT; for bu and bin auditutu tooj vbtq onturally aiixiuug U> 
Itii— - ' ■■ - ■ ' t tm Fontuiitnl in .Imnoc'ii lenKfiy opbitiu, and um 

I. , << <Tfrntt) lior fmiunw wboUx-r it wdtb of no ognc^ 

abl' I 1 ' I Lj luiiiitr. 

llij <ul;^_.:„ LovQver, aa well Uave lookml at cnt-b otboTi or at tlio 
)ik(ai«B an iba vail. Jeanne, trho wax habitually palpj tmldoui dtattgal 
tt'' ' ' . . 'wanlly uJui Uiiui « lieu Aic wiu moat 

At- L letter very fllowty uid doJib«rat<ly, 



folded it up agftia, icetortd it to ite envelojw, and tlien, witbout Mfiiis n 
wont to anybody, rcetimed h«r occai«tion of faavaldng itp dog-biiwnit for 
Titrco'it lirMkfhdt. 

If thorc frtut AHA Huag Uttt iiritabMl thi\ Pochen nwro than luiotiior, 
it was conduct of Uiix kind. She wnii on inqnixitiiv old body, who Ulied 
to ]i»Ts a flni^ in every one's btudntws ■in'l to Le consulted in crtay 
emageaej. She hnted secnto (ozcept, of «>ure«, ber oim, which ih« 
mado n ]jitMli';j^oiis fiDu over), nii<l coiild not boir the thought lltak any* 
tiling in tbo i<hiif^« uT n uipitviy sliould oxul undor tJi« auno roof with 
htv. Sooner, indmd, thsn tJutt mntteni should remiun in m iinmtisGtctor^ 
R ronitttion abo would ckni- iheui iiii lij menna of diiwi qneetiofM; l»it 
thiit was a humiiinting mcdo of proo«)iir« to whioh sbe wJdoin rtaottod 
anttl the had eesajred to work round to bar «Qd through a aeri«« of utlnoi 

ITpon thfl prMont oeeanon die druninioc] upon tliQ tnblc impntieintly 
with her withered, jflwellcd fiDgerafor a miiintoortwo, utdl]isa,addni«- 
ing lioreelT to oobody in parttciilAr, lenurkoU tluit it was ft ctnmgt Udng 
thnt poofile never cnme to gee her now. And yat, f>he rwiiomJ, olW ■ 
iiionientar7 hrcalc, jM^rhapa it waa not such a vonr atranga tiling nfler a]t. 
She WAS a very oM woman, and lonetiness was one of the neowaary evils 
of old Bffi. " You and 1, ray daar M. do Pontrieilk', h<irc been out of 
tbo race for many years ]iast ; and, perhaps, it is too mncb to oxirart that 
young penpV Klioald take thn trouble to amiute na. Tfaey have tlioir own 
iiitrrmta and their own pleasores, which they keep to thennelrm, williout 
Uunking, |>erhnpt<, that wo, too, like to have our ehar* in what goca oo 
■ atound u-t. Very likfly they find its in tho way. Well, they buve tJie 
> ooDBolation of knowing that wu cuunot intdifisre with thcin long." 

** My letter ig from Mr. lEarricgton. Woald yoo Hko to read it, 
nAitiLtne T " nxkwl Jeanne, who ilid not like circumlocution:!. 

" I iiutko it a ralo uovur to readcorrexfioiiilpiitv wliirli iMMt addrascil 
>\o me," nnswored tho old bwlr, with dignity, *' pnrtioularly wh«u it is 
wntl«» in n Inngunge wliich I do nut uudorstuoJ." 

Whereat M. dc Foutvicilte had a litllo laugh all to himself behind 
bin napkin. 

" Ho writes to eny that ho hiia lioen Middonly called away la Engtaod 
by tho illness of his eii.^t«r, and to npolojin^ for not tuiviog licou ab1« ' 
mil and nay good-bye tn ns." pondnnBd Jennne. " Ffo partlealarly b<^^ 
me to make* his exciiw^ to yon, nindjirae." 

" And BO lie w rvnWy Kfnv' ! " «tid llie Dik-Ir-h^ " I regret it vn-x 
KiiKcrely. lie wiutati itnitabltinnd enteitniiiin;; yunng man, nnd 1 hail 
Invumo Accustomed to eceiug lum here. The houM %-t)l eoeui quiia dull 
at fimt without bim." 

" We hhatl all tniw Mr. Barrington," ohMrved \jtCM ; "tod .rewiun 
nioie tJiftti any of nu." 

'■ I diall miMhitii verytntidi." laud Jeanne, steadily ; "bntinanyi 
ho ronid linnlly haw cnrnunH hmr mueh Inneer at tJiis acnwn of the 




tkhi u the wont of ta&king friands with liinls of pnasn^ct. As 
m ooc bw got to know thcMn tolnmbljr widl tboy Are off, and odo 
pnbMy oerer met tbem n^n." 

" I sboulcl be Borry to think tlmt ve IumI seen tb« lost of Hr. Buv 
rittgUm," ranuurked Uie i>ucfaeBS. " Does ba not qieak of returniag, 

**Oli,tK>l H« Mva mm«tliing nWat nMiting tiH in Switiserland in 

" 1 vball nfiTftrbitableto tlrAgmyaulftisfHriut SwibBerUnd," si^cd the 
old Udj — " oovpT, ! mm convinowi, Tlio noxt jonmoy T ubflll niu)ertAlt» 
will ba n «hnrt oiie— only lu fur ui Uie crfuet«nr. I ilr«A<l tho Iiot sAUon 
ba«. bat I will not run tbt; rUk of dying iu au Lotcl au<l lc«i iiig Jvuuno 
irith kII tlie traable lod inconvonionn) of nrraoging about the fiinontl. 
If I^on ootdd be vitb me, 1 ahonld not so much mind." 

" I vill ««rtuinly nccompany jou, madnmo, if you wish it,* said IA>u, 
■y— kjwfl vitboul murh Rlacnty. 

"No, uo, mon ■it/atit, you have yoiir oirti gJEuro lo attmd to; and, 
bendM, I ptcffrr to be buried heto. I have my piece of ground wAttinj; 
far IB*, M yoQ Icnow, and u imnn as I ba^'e amutged one or tiro little 
■sUm I ahall he ready cnougli Ut occapy it. By-tbe-bye, what hna 
hmtm m of M. d« 8tint-LucT It is a centtiiy since I hRve beard of 

la tluM way Barrinjrton'B dfrparliirc MOtpcd farther I'Omark; imd, 
tat tbe Dait qiinHf*r of an hour, tbf roiivcnnuon tiimnl ohi^y ujMn 
flaatleni of local govii*. Jmnne took her iihuro in it from time to time, 
and waaoflitiMr BWrenerlMftlacituro than UHual ; bnlM. iff Fontvii^ll«, 
wim w«s ui oiNWimuit t>h1 [Ktrnnn, noticed that nhn loft the reoiBindor of 
hm- bnakfast sntoudivl. 

I lopiMMe that avfrylMwIy is, in a gruiter or less degree, doweicd with 
llnlUnaedgift of •clf-dvnjittou witliout. wbicli thu infinito Badncw of 
lib wcmld Uonnn Almost unendurabla ; but emae, no duubt, are more 
Ugbiy favnured in thi« rtsjicet than otltors. Joanne, (br instanea, 
Ihoogfa qolto ablu, and pvi-n mther (ironi', lo form a midtakcacatJiQAteaf 
dhancian and nmtifXN, hnd a vinfjiilarlr clear viBioo and dcfectire imogi- 
bbUoo wbnn facta ware ooDcemed ; and it wtui upon tho hakut of facta, 
aed not bypoiJiDHw, timt uhe wan nccuj^loniMl to shape her nctiona. 
Harrington's lettor left her no room for jileaivnt deltisiont* either as to 
kia mTfiirtB or aa to hvr own diwtiny. She had ntid to herself the day 
Itfitr* that bo aitoald deddo hor fitto ; and now he had emphatically done 
M, llKKigb in a diflmmt manner from that which niw had njitioipatfti). 
Fur biir the knew that ther*< onuld henceforth \v no more imoertoiiily. 
Tbt die waa oaNt, nnd tfi« rvtaainder of hor life miixt be apeot not with the 
naa wbom ahe loved, but with one for whom, at thnt timo. nbe fi^k 'nn 
alwihita ahhamiMe. At tlie tint moment llic onv thing thnt Mxrmcd to 
\0g BMt nMMHkry wiut that *)»r> rImiiIiI nn l>cnr herw^lf na that no onu 
riumld iiw at tbe wound KbaluMl nnpivfd ; and of ihia laak, aa we bare 



Ho«n,ahonoquittcdlienelftioidiaondital)ly, Ailing gnljr in thM onr> point 
of iattbiJit/ to swnllow food. 

\Mi«u bri'skfant vraa xt an end, mlie betook benolf to bcr own room, 
and, iuiUhk dovn bvforc her <lrcEBiiij;-tabI^, look Oic letlcs- frotii her 
]>M:1cftt, iuhI rcoH it ovor a^D from bof^intunf; to vxti. Tlusx! v«s ao 
nikumkivtoiiduig it, the thoHjiElit, ns alio laiil it j^itly aside witfaoul a 
oluuiov- ofRMutmisl aj(ainat tlic writor. Sbe waa n huodrcd uiiJcH fixwi 
ititorpreting it oomK^U^r, atiit nrvor doubtml of tlm ntyvMiitf of Dmii g - 
km'a journey to EokIouiI; ^iit alio itlfunly saw Uttii, Ium3 Iio hitmili^ 
I .uldDfC ber to bo bi« wiTo. bo would iwt have loft AJ^'eria without Ooiog 
ao. Ilow ooiild Kiiti linvi' nia(k< to Inrible a tni»tal(e1 Tlut waa tit* 
quflntioa whicli was u|>|>eriu(nt iu bcr miiid, and wliicb nlio oalced bermlf 
over and o\-nr again witli bitter luonifioiition. 81m> — a wonutn iu ber 
tweDtj''tlurd yewr — a ttoidbji, loo, who waa not hy nntiire rounuiUv, aiid 
l»d aeCB more of tho world and of tuett tban omeiy-mat Pr«D«li girls out 
of a hniidretl are [<eriuit,Uxl to do— shn to cocfotind intitnaiy with 1ot», 
and to tnko a few Ugbt words au gramt terievx, liice ttnj duM of 
flortotoca jiMt iwkAMd from the con<n)nt I It wac ool an agi«eaUe 
, thought. 

'I have only luywelf to blame," she nturmujMl. "I have nUowod 

Ivyaalf to lo-r« him — llenvco grant 1 tuny not hnvo a[|nw<xl him %a aM 

that I lore biiii I^aud now I must RulTei' for iL Wluit it> dorifi ciuuiot be 

undoiw ; and, if il coidd. i am not sure (h&t } ahoidd wish it to bo ao j 

all thftl remains for me to do is to «ivt> tho fiimily fi-otn (Usnster, and to 

l.jgi-ntif/ the widiiu of nil my friends. Il t^ u borl oC consoUtioa ; aitA I 

Rte so liUlo now what booomos of auf, that (boro is ao fear of toy 

Durago failtiig— only I wid M. do Satnt-IfUti vretv a little torn oon- 


Jeann« wai| not olto^tlicr heroic, Hhe wa» rawly and wtllinc to 
Fnake the gmii I'acrilire which, aa rIio aonoetTiad, du^ and nf}VicUuii in- 
quired of bor; but ihtm did iitop)ied tdiort^ Of what alio ui^itowoM 
' futnro htubnnd dm did not cbiak at all. Ho had jdayod a gamo of 
I foi bcr, aiul hod woo bis Make ; Ice liiai le Hiti«fied. 'Wliat inuro 
. miab a nuui ohuiD fVom bar tbau lliiit ^o Kbould oonT- hia naiua 
to her grave t As ibr alTM-'tiuD — ailviu Jone i *' 1 may 
forgifie you in time, but bim 1 ahall never fotgiv*," alio bad sakl to lAm 
lliR day bcforo ; and liw altoi-rd circninKtanooa hnd |>ro<liii;i»1 uo cbugft 
in hui* wuliuK^nU. Hliu had ((.liXKuly, in aouiu aort. ]xu'>loiiml h«r bi 
but towimbt Hatut-Uuu aim harboured ao fvoliag aavo ono of nui]j{W 
Bluer aad disdain. 

Nor woa Hbe iuMuuiibln of Uto trcnicndoua lonellitem of Iwt }>o«itiQa. 
S<ir-TDUao'- ' " ■ Aiff wjw, » chill niii ihi i ' ,i hm 

Bltonsnoml .>ti] would |>ity her; ilint 1 ix- 

ccivo oon^niitdiUKiit.i iVoni oil Ki<kin»}Hinannctof uioral Buicidi!, nod ilinl, 
for the m>t of hi>r litv, tihe uiiuA tnanagK to gel on witbnut iho « u[>|)or-t of 
any iiyinp«tby. Nothing but pritin and utter indiffettnioe could <«riy bei 

Dt T 


Iktou^ itli* Uwfimht, M she alowly ilosocnded the at&irca&e, imU stepped 
oat iBlo the t;uiJeD, wliure Kympntby, in an imcxpectMl fonu, bad Imeu 
|«licnUx 'vaitin; fur her bnlt' aa bour. or more. 

M. <la FootTifrillp, I'xtiollttit nrnn, hjwl prcwrcr-), itnO«r ft tliiu v«Tjeflr 
<£rpuemm uf vliicli Un wwt innnlinatclj^ prutid, n hmrt still upeti to tlio 
({cnaonK iniialmi uf joiiLh, And nuiily tuiiolm) Irr *ny 'iiinoih ut' a eeuti- 
wnit»l tmtttn, I^«w bliml tlinn t1i<' DuuIimil and E^<uii, lit) had loug ngo 
dbeetBiMl U»c nnttirc of lh« friL-nil^iiji wliidi lisul M[>niiig »)• bncweeu 
•ItmiuMa mw\ Uiv hluslUliiunit ; tlio iiuddtnitii uf (.liu Knl^liiiu excursion 
Wl noi bwo tbmwn awnjr upon him ; by degrees, tiiii liopa uf mHog ItiH 
fwttlfit •mil nnrnMl t« uno uf hur owu cutinttymtiii luid yirldod to u 
hsadly Ab«J»» that licf Imnd mij^'tit follow- wlierc hw Iwart hud ftlr(si(l_v 
I givm ; iinil, iim Ifn'toin iinf{. kji lio did, Uii> oriii^l luiliii'e ol' tlin IiIqw 
wlucb Wl now fitllrit <i)K>n lier, Uo. wna debormined ihnt ut Imst nhu 
Aonld not lAcic mirti ttolac« as it in in th« power of a sjfopathaUe Bpuit to 

If Il&ninjcton, loaniiij; owr tlio tAlfniil of thn stenmor, und iciuinii; 
^^ — ithpriLtatly iiji al the voijtkd Iwi^hta uf El iiisw, liiul been proviilwl 
^B witlt ■ nfioaendy poirafnl tulcMope, ho would tiava mode out, nob the 
^Hiri|^Bi«arfiil form which bo focuUj hoped mighl 1<« stAtJonod tli<>re. hut a 
^^^|pB«|ae litUe nLmw-hotMi] 6gurA gmtkRiUUng lik« n mariooettw, uod 
fboBi tiitw to time ohaking a puny fiitt- tow'arilit the neiu 

**CJo, ptrfiiltoaa Ainaui I " oriod thn old gentEcman, i^>08trephiaing the 

lihUoH 01M Id cite Kt^lo of the ymr ISIO. " (io, and IciUTe lh« Qoblv 

aad imlt*|i<Y Didu to caiuRimc njion thi? pyro of luiix^iiiitoil Iotd ! Cio 

iMck to Oil* c-liill (ogt of thy luiiljuii'lit^y ixliuid, nnd Lh^ire, » 

ftty to Rmone anJ the splncn ! (In— luid tlic devil go with thet: ! " 

^_ 8oiii>»«h«t relieved hy this outhoTBt, M. dp Foutvirillt! struttod hnck 

^H towvnh thtt bonxi. vhmn {)Oor Dido, n liulc pato luid lioavy-lidded, hnil 

^F JBiAwuM]. .' liL- I'AUkiuit hiU, and bowing more profoundly 

^P linn annl in i u,k(> to bNiuty and mEsTortURfl, " MadeouMcdle," 

Mid h^ " I oome to beg n fu-vunr ofyuu. Mjt oollMriion of gmi» " 

** But, non»i«(Lr, I iD»prrted tlicm from tin finb to tb« lust only two 
iby* lure.'* ]>lmitMl pour Jt^nn^ who wonted to tie left alone. 
I iiultnnaixJIn, tlw^m wsm oiin drawer which ymi did not 

*Mto L. . , in-Vi-r BfOtl Vi't, It IM tluit wtlifli I |ii'o|B.«i- t<j bhuw 
you tod*;." 
"Bill ' 1 U>lin'dniry , imd 1 iinr tlit- liik.ii toroiiiit. mid " 

'*M." , I »io ctmyiikinl ll'^t (uur ft(iiiiii-ii)>l<- l''<«iii'hulUi \m 

CA|i .ictiijj ytiu for nn hour. For tlin tmt, I trill not dritaiii j-oii 

Inc:; , . . . ^ jLire • (ancr (o du^'tay my (frrntefit trcasinin to yon to-tluy. 
nnl yiw •!» Uu kind bi ihwsri nn (dd niiui'ii wliiio." 

Nut NtliiR h«r ' ; i.utiip 

[Ih* pnmsol, and >i would 

Int iMm oofiifuitAlily alonr, fwMliif vrm ii gpod hmul uUlm- Umn 

\liu: . ....,^..L..u: nod nifu, tiijpiLhRr with the nnromaJonalilo tigbtnrw of 



KU vftrnuli^d boots, hftd (kpi-ivnd kim of nt«ulnto contn>l over bis lege, 
M that it took a good dml of liutnouring uvl miuiBgeinrnt to kmp his 
lu^id Rtraiglit, uiid |>r»u<rv'<! bim fram MKlden involuntAi-y inromb into 
the dmrer-bedn ; but lo dorJinc sach on «qaiTOcitI Huiiporl woalil liava 
been to gi-ievou&ly oSroui tiio old gaotkiDati, -wbo liclJ JLiui emeatiAl 
point u( court«sy to conduct kII lady-vkitoi-s lo Lis door in Uiia HligbUy 
ndk-iilutu fMliioii. nnd w)io to-d»7 seemed luixioiM lo auqwat hiouclf in 
Binnll Qutriu of attcutioa townrds his yomtg goeet. 

Whan he hiul led Jeaane into bu little dark anion, and had mado bar 
HSAt beiwlf in llie most comfortable nmi-chair that the room oontatnod, 
ho trottMl awnv, attd relnmod pi^oCTitly, bearing in liU artna a ^orrt*d. 
work foutsUral, wliicli be jilaoKl und«!i- livr (vet, and, reooTenQg bia jwi-- 
pradicular not without on cflbri, romarkixl trintnpbanUy, " Now w are 
at onr ouo ! " 

TIko lio unlocked tlio folding rloont of the obbfaaliiiHiixl caljoot 
vliidi hM bb> jiredouH collccUon. and m)>idl.r |>ull«d out the £nrt (vw 
dmwen), dotdng Uicm ng&in withont daring to glance at tfanir oontwulv 
kat tbo tcraptfttioo to tnoiuit hia liobbj alioald prove loa etrvng for btm. 
" AU these wo have alMmdy npen" ho Kiid, " and I will not fati^M) i.-ott 
by f^ing over them again, though 1 h»ru aome nihicH hcru uhich «'ell 
tncrii — but no niatlor, lut un i)rocved. You may purbniia baro oolicnl 
that I hn\f. nf^\«T oficnrd the lowcttt dmwcr in }i>ur pnM'jim. Thoi'e in 
ttotbing in it, wi you porcoiTe, but nii old Iratlicr case, which, to tril yoa 
the trutli, ia not woilh fire Crnncs, includiug wbatil conluius. livl now 
I will t«ll you BOiupthing that will giro you n little interest in il. 1'lmt 
kathn- cnsu was nuido for mc half a century- ago ; and horn that day lo 
this nobody hna ever lookcl inudfi it but myHolf. If I may my mj with- 
out profHnity, it in, in ii niajiner, Vikv tWnte cAdumi w*hic)i you may »co 
in (trtalii cnthtvlniln, and wliicli arc only ojidued od«o in tiveiy ten ur 
twenty yooiH. 'lliey rontiiin notiiiiig more than tho tniial I'mginentB of 
till) tnio ciTMs. ur gnniwnlif uf tlio Bli'xncd Vii^in, or wluit«riir It nuy le ; 
but when tlio day cornea for tha 4>-xliil>ition of tho Ci^anit* lltliqunty 
jioupln doi-k from miles rotiiid t^ cnntoiu]i1nto Ihttui. And why I Dccntisn 
thty caonot do «n every dAy." 

He had been fiimUiug at bia watdt-ebaia whilo he vaa ipatking, and 
now he detached therefrvtu a mtall gold ki>y, which hv pituwnj into the 
lock of tho caec. 

'■ YoUh. ma Granttt Utii^ut*, ma/lei*u>i»^Uf," aaid be, UfUng (he lid, 
and drawing Uit-k a «t4!|i to allow hor toapproiieh. 

Jnuiav Wut forwar*], and tmw very much x hat Bb« had vnpixti'd to 

so^—twu or tlircv brown, wilh<ve(l flnwcnt, whii-lt had once bnrii rtwoK. a 

[loiig kid ;^love yt-llow wiih aije, a scmp of ribljon, aud a i' 

iKiuting n laily with ii high foi-ohoul, an mortuoiia pair oi ■■ 

a little pritu. muiling month. 

" Yo^t do not find her I'raiitiful,'' remnrknl M. ile PontvieillOL '*ita 
I>uti, you arc right I hhf iixFtr wan no ; allliuu^h I iniittt my Uifti ' 



tntnmtnn proa do mora itlen of what she vaa tboa the pliobagmpiu of 
Uw jmaenl day vrilt do ufvtm lUiJ your contetuputBrioL It is oatygreaL 
■ttiato trbo aw proilvirc it Ihittifiil likcoeei*, anil mj poor Hadoloinc had 
nuC Um nMna of pajnu^ it gif^t nrtbl, or rvrii n m«iliocn( ono. She wm 
oalj tke iloiigdtcir i>f « nnmlty graUoniAii of good fiunilj, but small for* 
I tmtt, vbo Uvtd all tbti year ruuad upon h'm property in tUe Boiirbonnnis, 
nnrl fcnpw littlo iind cntcd le« nlwut thn ouk-r 
«l Uiutuf uu uocIuormiiK.'. ftad it W'lLO while upou 
4 rtsi h> tani tliut I (ii«t tnH ^Iiulclcinc. 1 v,-ft«nt tltut timoiiWuttiight- 
ond-tWMity, witl iii miuiy rutjMX-u an older mnu Ihaii I nui ttuw, wlitMi 
my ago may l>o iioarlr r<-|ir(cc-iiteil bv Llio wiuc figures ia rcvin-ued on^T. 
1 h»A lived bl Paris from Uie ilny 1 tuwl Irft my cultc^: I hnd trim) ev<^rv 
fans of plnwarv. I hswl mwlo iny*<*lf nciiuitLnti'd with eiei-y (pide of 
■oekCy, uvl I fiaUcrvtl uiVM-lf that tbo worl J had uo new suiuatioD left tu 
bstow apon me. I w-oit worn tlion half tired of life, «s yoiisg men olVu 
am whflu tfadr heallh U^giiis to cive way IVoin the eflbcts of dlmijuttion, 
ami wbm tbcy ore tip to Ui« cyra in dcU. I was t^ick of dirii^ aiid 
Imivliflit and — and thv rust of it ; and yd 1 did not mv how 1 voit Ut 
kill tine vidmui the linlp of thrac amiurctDnits. In short, I was so dis- 
iiKicil will) ui^iiclf nikd my pn»*]>4!etii tlutt 1 tnoro 
rddntrd il>ciulvi'>n1iilily orciitCflii^ nTrnpjitiit iiioni» 
toy wfcva I mcouut''rvd Miut«-lrii)c, ouoMiuiiy lucrmiiig, in the rilln^ir, 
«m1 olswdoEUMl nil id'-a of tnkiiif; vown for which 1 wili |ior}iii[M linrlly 
tfttod ify nntuiv, 

"AJi I bavo alteady said, i.h& was do ^-c»t Wauly ; but »lic wita aA 
innaeait as on u>gel, as ^ny rm a hirk, and her msnncrs hod nn at^iy, 
BBlvvgnoe which coiov from nntural good breeding, nob from the ac- 
q«lnd otof^ns of OB nrtilidal liodety. Thffc wna a chArm about hor 
vtiisb axooDdrd the clionua of the imind moiult to which 1 wns aociis* 
Mnnd, M tiw fruli Mmt of n tuft of wild tliyuic eiuxU iliv sickly oilaur 
of 1W MofikanoUa. It wiu u(A, huwi'vvr, fur the»^o ii'&<ujtu), but siinply 
ti^f Tt» ibo wa4 hcTKilf, tliat I fell in low with her ; and if hI) the phi- 
tetPpfc ow ut tho world wMw to 1ociiii« to you n|M>h tho on^in of loro, for 
honni icgetlier, they could gire yon no dmmr vxpliuuitJon of tlio pheuo- 
■MBon than tlilo. Here ore prople, 1 firmly UOic-ve, wlio go ilowo to 
IMr gnvaa, oner a long life, without -ever having imn in Iotc U oU. 
rnymlf, although I woa at one tituo mmcwhat iiotorlouH for tdvnn- 
T can do tm luora tbui alliido to iu oooTenattou 
. and altlioti(;h 1 may Itave felt forccHmn huliM 
assUnwitt which, for want uf n Nrttor woni, wo di;>iiify hy thu iiaiuo 
of \on, I eoa ovnra jon in all m.Tiott>uie» thnt I have only bc«u in lore 

fi'lcino wha tver nttncluil to iiin in tho nnw 
Bfcn <.'>oti«y. l'rol>a1>ly not. But, at all oTenti^ 

•lu> lovM UHi wi^tl fnonjjh u> ninku me na hnppy aa a king diiriii^f the tliree 
tlioC 1 WM heirothed to her. At the cxpinitioa of that titno our 


MAfiEMOiaELLE) I>£ amWAC. 

■ngigonait euna to an end in tbv aLapldast tad most conunanpiw 
is tbe worU. lu onlnr to ol>tnm litr tntixr'* coaecni to vat muoD, 1 
bod boen romjiollal U> dnvi^c Iiim n little b» to Lbe luito or my klBdEk, 
■ad eqnriiillj to dnv » yitJI urrr iJie htntoi^ of my lifo in Pari*. A 
good-iutuird rclntiun of lii-, whom I luid mrt Rotne b* If-dint-n timw tn 
tli» Gn|uUl, vns kiud enough ta t4Mr ilovn Uiis veil, find W rxhitiit io the 
woriliy luoo ntrh a |)iciura of my {Mint utnnr w uuMid bun to cty out id 
liorror thnt be wotiM nn-cr entrust his diinj^trr's hnppicMS to the Mn 
nf a speodthrifl rqiI a lihnttnr. In vnla T proU«tc«l itwt I hnd Tvpentnl 
of my ovi] vmy, nitd v-ab drttnuiued to Intd n a*r>e Life. Ttio i-iak vnu 
too grant, ho sud ; aiul, to jitit ui cod to furtlker iluKnutsion, bo boBiily 
ba(rotli«d M'Bdi?lt>ine lo one of hii) netghbotins n mbra-, rod-lxaded yoaoit 
man, who hud iitv^r done wnmg in hw life, llirotif[li sitcor I»ck of 
Hnffirimt imgiiinlity tti Ipnvc tBw stiirtly religions gnwvtt iiilu wUicli lii» 
parente bnd ]iiiH}ir<(l him. 

•* My poor MtUcjianfff yJHdo«l witliowl loftkin;,' iikiioli rMi)>tAtie(> — she 
wonld UK ouoti linvir tJionght or tMitting hd' fsttlicrN tliront u ordJaolteyiiiff 
him — iinil 1 Wi«l l«tli lo I'mis, cra/V willi dcBimir, imd rvndy to pnt Ul 
end to mjMilf. As you [(ppeidvo, bowerer, J did not do thin. J coo- 
linued to exist; and ercnttBilIy uiiuiied Bludntoo do Funtrieille, with 
wboai I livrd iu porioct hi»i-inoiiy foi- t-a-enty ycjiw. She wtw an oxceUcnt 
womnti ; i>h<^ Invught unt a liMn(Uointi)/nf ; nnil 1 iifrerdixliirlvd her jwaon 
of Diiud by ehowiiig licr the ji(K>r rftlica which now lin Utfmo yoii. The 
fact of my hnviiig iipi«L'i*vwi ibtiu is siitiJcii'til e\-iden«* tUitt thi-oti^h all 
tliat haa Domc and gon« — tJiiongh aorrow nml DitrU],sickitrRinnd healUi. 
nutrriage luid ohl Ag«--I LAr« rrsuunoil faitUul iik liiy hmiL bi my only 
love. Pcrlm|iii if my diTnm hiul Ixwn rcnllMHl, I miglit hovr Iwen l4»>ODtt> 
Htaot; I cannot lidl. It U n common anyiag Umt ntnrringc Icilb Iovq^ 
iMit I am not coa%inct<i) (hnl it docs to in nil caaoH. Howovwi- tltnt taay 
be, I lin\-e always f«ll ihaL I ovt« MAdeloinu not only ctcrmd lovo, boi 
eUrnalfii-aiitiiilc. Ittit (vr hi-rl might ha\x>nm-pr!ti»q>ecl4Hl Uiecxtstmuii 
of that divine >j)>:irk in my iinLuiw whieli lu cmiudn to all hnnuui tittioj;*, 
I miKhl h»vc liv-nl luiil dini like a Inut, ax thunuinds doL Having 
knowu and Iwed hc-r, J rould ni^^vt- fidl Inu't; ngain nndrr the avny uF 
my Gvft tesaen, nov [nixiindo nyulf that the otjed of life was to gratify 
llieui. I <'iuiDot IxHuit of iiiivin^; (leifoniicd many i:unrl iirtiuns ; hut if I 
hiiV© helped » fdlrtW-crfiitiiM' hoiv nnA thiire, if I hnVM foT^iv-cn lui 
!i\)ury or two, and aliKliutMrd nonuionitlly fmm hnrminj; thawi wiion I 
liftvc heon t«m|>to(] lo wrong. thectoditiaMudoleine'ti. Alt. ' . r[ 

tilts world in a diKm/d ]iurgittorr, fidl of lian and thieves tui'i i.d 

.wiHrhca of all kiniiK. It wnnid lio imjtotuuMc to iM'Iit^w in tiir pcTf(>cl- 
ibility of the rijcfi-ii if wo did not know Ihiit wc nre cnjuldo uf luvinjjaon 
anotUei*. :^ic]i, ab lenat^fai my nodou; uud lluit is wliy I ennnlttdpthat 
to! f ' Iwthankful for in itadf, whrthor m» 

mu. . : of one'a dotoro. 

» Why Iwral told yno tikxit long hlalory io-dOiyl I'artly beixuM i 


• li 

hatn im^wMthcti my Jowdn to you. owl I wish you, us kooq aa I tun doAtl, 
fa) i- , " ,„■ ofj ftjiJ, witlioiit sAytn]{ tin)'thu)|e to wiy- 

ho<]< . i^tiQiii ; iiiiil )uirliy becKUW tliuaxp«-iuic«]i 

' tb« old iLTv MHitfiimcs ■ c«tuf<Lirt to Um young. If, by uiy chance, n 
' tuAtv UiuU kiuuwlf in tito oiidsl of A ^aiuly desert aixl is not very <ture 
wltipUu-r Imo will «rer aunpo fWHn it. it a Rouifltbiiig to cooit^ Hciva tho 
InMM oTolbcra y\f 11} by (Lunudo vuy, otid vlio liave ueithor 

. £uAtMl ttor dimt I laui^ " 

)[. >k> FaabTieille tttiu\tpeii stiOit, rcttriiig lest fati mif;bL )uiv» md too 

I i but J«ftiui« irai not ofiiindod. She htwl peivcivctl fixitn l'j« outact 

brr old frieiwl liiul diMareml bfr socivt, mid sitm wiu not nltogothor 

nrry th»t it fboold tm no. Fev ponpio like f> )>« openly piUtvI ; )miI. 

then: mt cxtrpntitioM iu «bieb even the prvUKlett oro gind to tliink tbnt 

aooia «]i*cneb pi<n*)rL cxn nodnnuiKl tlirir I-touIjK and Mmtly feel fur 

. tlicBt. Jeanne bod luitcncd to M. iIc Kuntvicillns lUinntit'c nitli (^rniiinn 

Itntrmrt. Tlii* cxio^i'inirJiin ww-pint; oirr n willioied ioro, ililiititii; iijhui 

|}m diriac oriijiu nf Iuyc, mixing ii|t HFiitimcnl, vntiity. aud luitluK with 

tbc nml iiuioccnt imMir-couscic<iaiK«8, had not appeared to ber lidiculous. 

Jlift fidiOity (mictioci hi-r ; his Idcatt in notnu Nort cbimod in witli borown. 

If tUciucro <lclii;bt or iiK.-utuiy Lnd BiiQiced to briKbtcn bis vbolo life, 

«by khnnld not tbu mhk- r-rmrco <>r cottKiljtlion t>e open to Iier 1 It -teas 

(cnv tlurt BK yrt ft>«> c<>ti)<l li;>i<Ily hiiA^ bcraelf to fancy that it could ba 

•u. Her wouad •mn.t l<iv ficbb ; b«r Iimrtacb««l ^Lh too bitter alonging 

*«9 Borrib:^!! ii;r>ii», wera it bat fur aii binir: but tiuic would doubt- 

. raliuii'-f-. Ancr nil. tiic worst part of Uic ordeal 

tier uiut tlwl of uitidi her woiild-)>c coiiM>l«r lcn«w 

nntlutijt. The [ms|MCtofa Unwly life — uf devoting bondf toUiOBei-vico 

of odien, or of i?iit/-.nn'j; 11 convent — would liAve liad no tenora for bcr; 

i<at to >x' I'tuiiiiMl for tiir ic«t of her days to an mcotigraial «oui])aDioa, 

u ibo imlka{r|>y cuuvit.<U used lo hv at tlio Toulon haynr — to know tbat 

rna ati^ tram kitu was pomiblui luid to bo iDrcvd, in aheor self-dcfenM, 
lo Craatbitn at linntsM a trkiuA — whut aioi'niinha|i]iy destiny than tlib 
nmU any wamsn acui>]iLt Kollavtinic out Uita tminof Uiongbt,tib«B{>oko 
at lB«tb : 
•' \\ ■ maiT}', wouMoiir i Vou wore not obliged to do no." 

^T illo alitiiHgMl Lis BbooJdcrv. " Obl^^cd !— no ; btit it 

^ 1 ii'-Dt Wbon I ipivc up uiy old nio«I<ioriifonndmyoMeoni- 

pii ' '■ d»ll. AfliT a tiiiin I lli("ii:l.t tlio U«t tbin^ I c»iil(l 

dd i'y luyiwir to n gifOii, bfiiBiliit' tfoiiiim w bo could con- 

tdbnb) hn •harotuwanlx llii> (Myiovtit ol'tliv boiuuliold cxjionKia; uid 1 

' ■: ■ T I- I 1 iriiig takeu tltu atop. Marrwgv Ea nn 

•d, I'rORUO : Hw owonliK) tbJn>; ia tbat the 

hnalMtii. iinrlL'r>1«>iidiii}2 (nin nni^tlior. I u^'ur 


wjtti faocTor; for my ovu jmit, I think bhejr are vtry gooA thin^ In 
evory man's lifs Lbore conMfl » timo vhen he ieeb tbo neeanily at huviii^ 
a bonu of hb own, ami dum«fttic uitaresu. Wotnmi, fVom the Qatar* vt 
tbror pontjon, muift pxpcrioncv the utnvwiuitfiu-motv keenly. If loven 
are abk to many, m luuch tbo bett«r for them ; but 1 mo tw reawD vbj 
two |MX)^la who vateem one iiuother sbould not lire together ijuila mnten- 
tf^ly without any wanner feeling. I married Mwfaupe de Fant\ieUIe l«- 
crniw I required & hoJm\ atwJ I told hur eo honeMtly. I never Iw her lenow 
Uiat my heart b«lon{^, end wou]i) always belong to anoth«' womam; 
but if slir had luippcnc-d to find it oat, ibo would hare hud no right to 

" Von ilo not tliink, Iheit, that it ia wi-ong for a womau to many 
man, and vontinne to !ovo anolhor i " 

H, doKontvieille made a grimace. This vas not exaolij the dootrina i 
be had intumlcd to iooulcaUt, and be felt that ho vae getting upon^ 
dangeroiu ground. 

" ifon /)wu I " hetiaid, " that <lepeDd> a little, fn tnuttna of tlus 
kind it is iu|iossib)e to lay down a geueral rule wbidi will fit all caera. 
yty o>ijix.-t is nlatiux my own vxperitiuce to you vaa lo ahow that it t« a 
g»o(l thing to have lored — even in vain." 

" Xo doubt," nnf>w«rcil Joaono, ipuvoly. "1 have tmOrmtood what 
you have meant," die rwniucd, alter a tihori jmuw ; '* it wuttid be ahmrd 
to iirelend tbaL 1 hare not, nud I lun ^-atoful to yua for confiding in 
m«, and tympathiBing with nie ; but " 

"Hy dear child," cried it. tie FotitvieUte, waving hia yellow ailk 
pocket-handkerchief, " it has been a ftwmt conwlation to mc to roopOD 
^jay old wuiuids in yuur picsemx). Only those who h»va fnflerod ihtm- 
IvGs can Irnly foci for the Mofferiog. In fnttirc you will ttcoiy eonfide 
yoo tnmblts to me— wo will oungle our tcais " 

"No," broke in Jmnue, " I am not one of thoM who u^oy shedding 

k" Then eeeing tlint tbu oM gcntloman looked linrt, she added, 
*' You know that if I oottid apeak Co nnyb«dr u|Mt) — the subject yon 
haro alluded to I would iipeak to you ; but yon must see Uiat, for the 
utnre, the lerasaidubont it tlic bolUr. 1 ithiill not fur^t what you Inx-e 
rsaiil, and you may be sure that I will carry out your instruetiona about 
Uie little leatlter case when the time oomes. And now I must really go 
to the dairy.' 

" Aburrelloiw bi Lbn power of lore ! " ejaculated &I. dc Fontrioille, 

after be had seen Jeanne to tlio door, and had cartfuUy locked up Us 

MB cabinet. "Uere is a womau who ia told that jewels to theraluD 

' Rome hundred thouband Irnncs will be hers in a few yeora' time at 

iirtheet, and who does nob (liink the onnounceiiinit worlli so much ag a 

rord of notioo. Ah, animal of an Knglishnuti I wLalhu\c youDrtcrdenr 

to merit mch derotion T " 



AUGUST, 1878. 

glttlJtmoisdlc be persac. 


Jjr micu 31. DE SAiMT-Lrc ueakb of SoumnKo to nis Adtaxtags. 

T is an ill win J that blows itoliody any good 
— nvon on oattt wiiid in wolcomo to out«nu-d- 
(ratind ships — anil Baningtoa's ha&tj oxit 
rrom Algeria, if it caiinni i^mo )iuirt -aching 
in one quarter that we know of, won {iro- 
duotivft of nothing but unalloy<Ml dolight in 

Snint-Luc, nn ho ntond upon hJ« VjHlmny, 
and Wfttoliod tho Eupkrat^ ttteamiug slowly 
oat of hArlmiir, rublwd his handu in ^\oe, 
fueling tiiiit ft funuidnlilt! olntncle bad betm 
removed frcm his Whateveir diffictil- 
U«K might yet inteiTeae l)etween him aixl 
the niiccessfiil uunoof biasuife — and lie wiu 
not disposed to ondcmte either their number 
or their nii!igmtud»— that of the prmencf of 
a po»il>lu rival need no longer bu inclu<l(,-<l 
iimong them ; nor would it hiTnooTorth 1tfl 
nvcvt^KTy for him an to timo bli riniU to tlin 
Unm|>a^ii> do Morsao as that tlioy shdulJ 
not claah with those of tlio ineritabhi 
Engl ij^h man. 
Ha rode op the mmo afternoon to inqntre wbethot Mndcmoiaello do 
>r<rwc had recovered from her indis|)OBitiou ; tint ho oiily left a card at 
TOU IL. — xo. 236. 1 . 



tiia dooTt witJioat dismounting, fissring lest a too ependy Appntraocn upoa 
th* ISeU so Utoly TaotUxI by th« ooomj m^t Mvonr of imilim jirccijti- 
tation. In a VA^ prudent Kpirit: tu.^ refruned from mi)' vailesvour to 
mwt JcauiDv until lh« rirturu vS MAdAincdeBniuit'ttitmikly rT«c|>tion-day 
kflbrdHl bim lui axoom for onee more tnnung bu horm'tt hoad in Uic 
direction of Kl Buu- ; and even then, a!< it tumml oat> be fiulod to obt 
' tba iiit«rview be bud liojred for. 

Mftdain« la DtwAoMe hnd diMaiitinu«d her roopplions for the i^iiiniiicr 
mootbs, the Borvaat tuM bim, in imsw-pr to bU inquinr ; but he would 
ASk wbetbtr shfl wm v«II pnmigh to »c« mosMour. Madontoisellc Jeanne 
bod ftlraady gtme out. Under th« circtimstHnCM, 8aiut-I.w did not 
much core aboot beJog itdpiittod ; but an he oonld liardly mv eo n>Q - 
•intontly vitli {wUtfjieas, be vut«d nt the door, in s bioUing Min, while 
tho man departed on bia mimion, aud was presently nrwarded by 
reqoebt that bo would bo m kind na to walk ii{it>tiurs, tbe Dudieu 
onablo to leave her bedroom. 

Tbc DndKei^* bMln30m was Kp&ciouit. airy, and luxuriomJy ftinuHbed. 
It bdongcd to tb« modem portion of the bonae, and had notbini; ^loorisli 
rither in it« coiuitrQCtionar in it^ oppaiutmeQUi. Tbc low liodsteud, witb 
its lace-bordered covering, tba aoTt-cusbioned chaii-it of ull sliapeB and 
, tbe Louis XIV. vritingfaible. the inlaid nhinets, and tbe nTiinI>ci'- 

tcniclcnaoks were as erideotly of ParixiaD orij^ as was tho owner of 
all tlieac pretty tbings, who, fromihcvo^ upon wbicb siiQ lay, with her 
(jnilted siJk peignoir wi-apped about bor, grwtwl SaJat-Lno in feeble an^i 
ratbt-r qucrukiui aonvita. 

" Corao in, wonnwir, nnJ nit don-ti. 1 do not aiiolojiciM: for r«(«ai 
you ber»; tbo bedroom of a dying old wouuin is as niiic-h o]ten to the' 
world tui ft e&iipc& ani(tn<H.*' 

tjaint- Liu:, with th« Ixsit iwesible intention, deol.'vr<>d tliat, if be migli 
judge by appearauos, be ww in tbe room nf » Udy who bad a 
nutny ycani of lifu and lioaltk befoiw Iter } but hia obecnratiaD vim not well 

' Bb, eb I vbat ia tbe use of rvptiiting suob hnnnlitta as ilial," cried 
Ibo IJoebcee, petulantly. " 1 am kundreda of yean old, and 1 liiive ai). 
' Bieata enough to kill a HcivuIm. Add to that, por|)cluaJ anxit.-ty wid 
worry, for which yoit arDcbivAyanswbmbln,*' 

"I, oudamfl" 

" Oertainly. You know tbat my ouo wish la to provide a homt fi>r 
; Jeanne bcibi-q 1 take oiy leaYo of lier ai>d ortbLs trrKiblmoiiie worM, How 
Doany uoutha is it thttt I have been waiting, wiiiting to btur that you bare 
nn-Bnged niutUirt witb berl" 

•^ Mndamc, you will allow that I ant ju8t a& anxioiiH as yov can 1>^ tn 

arriTn ai tlio mitiilt wbit^h wo Itntb d(«in\ Bu> you will alw el low tlint 

tbe caw b an oxorjitionnl one And uo doubt, too, you will remeniljcr 

that when I formally nKjncitixl Madimaiadllo de Menur's band, aborthr 

[ BAtr my arrival in Altera, yon youraelf told ■■• thit 1 could Ofiw i 




Ui pbtnla H m thftt aiiaple fikAlitun, but ib&t I lami (|iua hur ftff^ctiontt 

U*W»i IWT POIlRPnt." 

" Jfim Itii^, Tw ; ] tolil TOU tliAt it woatd be neoeanry to uroo lior 
4 fttti^i^ ; tMit 1 s»[)]M>^ that «^*«> tbo KnglUb pnt aom? lutiit to tb«ir 
vonlng. Wo do not Mvt in tit? (Ihtk of th« [MtriiiirhB : and if ynti ant 
antait to [iljiy tti«_> \^art of Jncob, I uiu DOt to miiYr tbkt Jmnno in pre- 
|wre<I to nrcftpt tltat of llaclM'l, vrhilo it a nbrnliit^ly nert^in tbAt I nca 
no BttfafilciUi. Th" wbnJ« wintpr throngb ytm havn beeii showfting 
boar|q«6< Mirt romplimnttti luul txsndpr glancea at tbo girl, and for my 
jwri I CKfifi^rt Bt« tbnt ^<ii ore any ni»n>i' th(> en<l tluiti yoti werr whcrn 
yon rtjirtrH. Totcll yoii tbo tnitb, M. dc Kamt-I^iic, yon aiitonifth m«. 
It \» tfM»nWiT»l>!« tliAt y«n, who, if hftif tlte ntonu od« h*mn be Irae, 
know how bt iiinkr' roiiravlf irrveistiblft among tho ladf« of Pftria, the 
mtmi Un»th wotnen in tbr wbole vortd, nhonld li«Te any difficulty in 
mptavatiiij; a i^hild Ilkn .TMono." 

Biint'I.iir smilt^, and made a deprecating gntiirft. 

"Tbe iaiowlodft« which yoa attribitt« to nw, msdame, is not likely 
M hnlp a» fntiHi 'h^r*. It fa proeiwiy Ixcatisn ray experionM of your 
charming m>x bnA luin entirely within tbe liioItA of a certain chna that I 
an albsfivtbt^ nt turn vben I am r«mov«d from it. It may be very 
tvUenloiu, bat it ih unfortunately Cnie, thjit I bave no idea how to sot 
■jhoai attracting tlw aflVtiona of & btdy whom I not only lore, but 

" Ah, l<ih I All women are tiiB nmp, my dear Vjcomtc, ami yon 
ooi^tto know it. It ti' not by erighin;* and looking piteous tliatyon will 
flhuin anything of tliRm. A lnv<>r w))n iimiftratamld hb business neitlicr 
aifds twr mlrfaijt — he itimply takm what he wiintit.'' 

" T doubt whirthcr tbnt metbo<I wonld flTicc««<) wiDi Marleinoiaelle de 

** Why RhotiM It DOt tocopod ax w«H with her oa witli another t At 
Inirt 3^1 ni^ht ^vf U a trin), for it woitld bo bettvr tJian your present 
iBiAo*! — admittin:; Uiat you Imtv oaf. If you will not even auk, how 
oui Twi RSjJWt to rpwive ! " 

" Rtip[fOMii|i that I hid aimuly aakod, and had bwo reftucd 1 " 

" What t " crlod thd oh) huly, iitnrting up IVotn her rocniubpot posilion. 
**l>o ym taeab m* lo iindt^imtaiid that ahehaa actually nrfiiscd yon, and 
www Olid a word to mn nb<iii( it I It ir^ too had! Buttn that caanthcro 
iMiuttaOTv to bi'tuuij ; and I liaw^ liwii wa-iting, Ilnavrn only knows bow 
naelicood H»p and pat^*^fl^ • Vol art awar^that Je«nneuicomplDtdy 
bar own mirinvx. If alie liaa docllm^l ymirolfcr, it itt appamotiy bnnuM 
yoo harr Ew'ln) tn j-lrtw? bfr. I drploir brr dwijiiou. but 1 can aMiurL< 
yoOi if ywi do nut know it ninuwiv, tbat I liuve tto [lowor to make her 
altar IL" 

"T f--— -ritadoni! tipon that point, mndamp. I have only a hope 
— a fit- . Init—ttttll jtttta hope that, in prcNum of tunc, ahithvT- 

*lf may fwvaaidar fwrr choice. I mi in every raipect nnworthT of her ; 



madeuoiseij:^ de scebsac. 

bill (or nil tiikt, I think I <«ii offer bw a mom comploto dovotkni thu 
ftlif in likely to ni«oi witli pWwhprv. All thnt I havo to tnisl to b tlm 
cli«nn< that k1w> uuiy mantr or Ut«r rlwwvpr this, and thnt it may have 
some inflKeiicc upon her." 

Th« Dach<-w did oot kvio to think Biucfa of this ibrlom hope. She 
]mniefl ii{i Itpr lip, wrinkled herhrov, and reflected. 

" You are too nHxlest," she mid at length. " Kopp on repeatan; to a 
fprl that ]va a» nnworthy of h«r. nod th« ehuacM oK that ehe will end 
hy believing jou. It Li posEdhle that, as vou iiay,yoii bmj make her love 
jon at last hr iD«n- force of loving her. I Itare heard of cases of that 
Jcinil, tJioitgh I cannot wiy that I have orer peraonfllly known of *ku^ Nu 
ono. Bill tho tnitb {« that the exprimcnt dtmianda more tinte than wtfl 
can give you, or than you hav« a right to a&k. Cooio, M. do SmdI-Liic, 
;ou nn> n man oftlu^ world, nnd you will oot be nflbnded if 3 i^tnik ta 
you rranklT, You, very naturally and very prctlJly, look at this niattor ■ 
from Iho rotnuttJc point of xiow. I, lu naturally, if not quite as pi'ettily, 
view it in its praetical aspect. I hare no ambitions or sel&b aims to 
aarvo ; all I wish i» thai J«aoiie should get a good husband and a ttaa- 
fertabl« home; and I know that, so lon^ as I liT«, thecoonections whi^ 
I have still kept up will enable me to put Huch dianccs in her way.-' 
I am gone, the cue will bo very diSca-eot. Only this moruing I 

. a lettea- from Fnuicv, telling nio of two youn^ men, highly uiitabla 
ui OTory way, who arc anxious to tstttW down, and form an alUanoe vltlt 
BOm« lady of good birth and moderate fortime. For my own ]*A.rt, if L J 
could see any reasonable probability that your hope» wouhl t« realiwd,* 
I aliould ask nothing better than to tend these gentlemen about their 
buniiess ; but e«.ndidly, do yon think I ought to do so I " 

"You muatactfttt you thbk beat, modame," answered Baint-Luc witl 
a sigh. 

" Yes ; hut don't you see that if another suitor is to appear upon the 
scene, your presence would become a little emliarnUBingl ] think T may 
Gftirly ask that Ihia question should be nettled now, one way or the other. 
Repeat your proposal, and let there be an end of it" 

"That woolil )(R wontcthnn UH-lne. I admittho justice of what yoa 
say, mndame, and 1 am ready to wilhdmw, if you ask me to dow ; bnt 
I decline tosutyect niyaeirto therertainty ofa second rttieoUoD." 

■* Then let ui<- Kixnl: for you. Po#riIily I may he able to plead yoiir j 
knee mora eflectually than you coold du younelf. At alt events, I esftf 
tell you one thiuK for your comfort ; if there hv the faintest chance for 
yon, 1 shall bo mnch more likely to disco\'er it tlum yon woald be. I 
will hare n little talk with Jeanne to-night^ and you shall hmr thoreenlb 
to-monxtw moming." 

" The reenit," obsorvnl .Saint-].ne, getting up, and taking htn tiat, **tB 
Dot very doubtl^il, Aa soon na I receive your intimation tluit it is nil up 
with mc, I sliuU take my passage for Maneill«e. 1 love MademoiseUe de 
Mersac too well to remain here as an otwlacle in tbe way of her hnppiDHK, 



or vno of her oonTeaicxioe. Bnt if , lu u posaible, Uie two condidatw 
vfacm joa apeak of ahoaU pittTe do more fortiuiata lliui X bavo been, I 
■bftU Mk jrour ptrmiMtoD to r«tuni some tiny." 

"Yoa will Dot m|nirv my perm uaiion," answcnxl tiir r>nc)i<^-<oi, » littto 
iiKlcfaedby somudi ilocilily, "but you sball b»vo it, -wLtbiill myiiufirt — 
umI niT Lent viaheit into tho Inrgoin." 

So Suui-Luc went his way aoirowfiiUy ; anil Iwing rfepospd iwIUicr 
foralfl«p Doreodety, sat u)> novlyaJltlie night Ihrougli, with <|ii|Irt>rc to 
keqiUm aou|MUiy. Id tlie Ducban'* powem of perHiumiun he lnul no 
BOwMiBB at kII, auil be was (at indeed from suspecting what fruit bin 
fuatat ■oggoation, thrown out moroly as & nooni of i|uietinj( what (tf^ 
p^Mwd to him an abKUnl iiml hoyinli McniplR ou LOuii'n [xu-t, hiul .tlrfncly 
boma. All tho more itrufmiud wiu liL-' flujNiuctiou wbcti.^irly tho lU'at 
laamJog, h« reoaved the following brief note : — 

" Wha.t poiMMiid you, my deai' inonj>ietir, Ui give me violent eniotinns 
and njaet my health without any I'uaaoiiT I should Lo tempted to I'^ill 
yae liard baffica if I were not too cont£ut«d tu bo voxul with anybody. 
Jouuw, dear child, offers no opposition wliatever to our wUhcs ; nnd if 
jrou will look in opon lu thia aft«nioou, you thall hwii- from hw oivniipa 
wluti bajw you will votwidc-r good itvwa. Totliink thiityou »;houldlmvo 
nwnhert your lime of lifo without rIiscovi<rit)£^ thiit wlivu n M-oiiiim pays 
no, 1^ alraoat inTori/tbly means yea ! I felicitate you, nnd \>rte» your 
haiut conSally. 

" LoUtSE DE BRKl'ri.." 

1£ ihtwe few tinea bad boco written in Ctuncso instcml of in tbo clearest 
and nu«t expUdt Fnndi, tlury could not Itavo piuzlt<d Saint- ].nr tuon- 
ntlcrly. Botweeo Uiatime whan thay were handed to him by liixsvrvant 
and that which he dtseuuxi the earUcol pvrmiaaiUe for obej-isg the in- 
vitstiaa thty ooDvoysd, he bad ample leisure to pcnwe nnd ns-pefUM 
Umb tin he had got tlism by heart; but at the end of all lie could ex(j«cl 
CrtHD them no more af^reeabie deductioD than thM there must bo aonte 
— ■■^*'* «ouie«hnn>. It was all vory well for Madame de Bronil to re- 
ibwata thtold dictum tliat fcmbiiiw nc^ntivut are usually Dquirolnnito 
afttnathrcB, but tblx, like mo«t general pro|>OMitiouti, failed to hold water ' 
wbo&applied to a particular inatauce ; and Saints Luc wum neither foolish 
ewmgh to bcUvve that Jounni' waa in love with bim nor clorercuough to 
gHM at tbn truo btata of alTaira. He wua therefore in no wise sanguine 
arialdlaiit, and a|)riit the (p^catcr part of tbu day in patdng up and down 
hi* i«otn, and in exclaiming at intervals, " It 'n iupoMible I " 

T^OB it came about lliat M. 4I0 Saiul^Liie di«play»l Iras case and 
ofJowi BpQO the ucnuton of his tinA meeting with liia Tnturc bride than 
oui^t have bteo exp«>ct«d Oom a gentleman ao renowned for good breed- 
ing; For 'Wben he waa shown into the drawing-room, Joanne rose, in 
hi alow, etntaty way, from (be sofa u|Kia which ahehad been awted, and 
pvaBoal ft Aiw aUiiNi mwattbi him, holding out bur band, and behind bar 



stood the Doeheu, all siuilw, niul Lion, BnUbg too, but looking a. little 
inuzlod ftiu) auxaons witbal ; and U vaa eriilmt that be, oo bw yti, waa 

L>z))oc(«I lo do ur mr notDething, nnil UiBt ivobcxly vm goixtg to hfdp faim 
out vilL Lin tofik. N'o form of polite tlibmusul wooM bsve foaod liim 
iifipro)jartd, and he vould liav« knowD Imw, in euclt a caso, to nrtin 
without luM uf dignity ; but bo ItUlu bad he belicvud iu Ida good fartttM 
thai h« had omttU'd to nheanw any aoeoe in wluch ho oii^i ho called 
upon to act the pM-t of an acoeptcd lover, and novr, in his aurpmft and 
perplexity, he aaarelMid iu Tain for aoiue appropnatit word*. 

At length, after a iMuse, during whJob Jeanne oootenipliUMl him with 
perfect im]»uBibili^. and the Duvbess l>egan to tid^t a little, be did what 
waH perhaiM, u]>od the whole, the Ixwt thing he could hare done, he took 
the cool white hand oOca-cd to hiui, and bent respoctiully over it« jut 
touciiing it witli liis li[n. And aa be di<] 00, he notieed that Jeanne 
ahiveied ever to slightljr. Sh« returned to lier aofa without unj otlxr 
di&play of emotion, and then tho Duchcas's tongue becume loosened. 

" You aee, uioiisnur, tliut I Mnt not ituch n had andxuaadraM, after 
alL Hare I acquitted uyaelf ofmy auaston to /ouraatisbctinul Then 
oouo nnJ thank me, for I deoervu wme tltanks. AJi, how eontented I 
am I I am ten yean vounger nnoe yesteiday. Yon will not get rid of 
mo as soon as yon expect perhape. Henceforward yoa will be ns n ono 
to mo, fur yiiw know that I have nlways looked ii{Kin Jwntvi> ao inv 
daughter. AprD]x»i, what is your Christian nauel Charlus) ^Vbat 
a Domforl I— that u a good nanu)— n nauio tlint can offend nukudy. Do 
yon know that I have U«n tonuRotiug my»olf all Uw morning witli a 
horrid fear that it. nii^ht Iw A<--liith!, 01- Alcihindc, or eomethtng grotetqnet- 
It IB a point u|>on which I aui ruUier purticuUr. Oiice— I fihall nfVVf 
fisrget it — my poor futbor wished me to marry » man named Leone& 
Hajipily tbero were other ohjt%biouii to hiiu, and ibo adair fell through. 
Ltoonl It would hftve been impoesiblo for mv to addrc«s him witb«ot 
laughing. I dettat daanical namas — Lho Bepiilitic and the Kmp(i« lm« 
mlgariaed Lbem for ever. Jeanne iaa pretty niunc, do you not think B0I 
But of course you do. lamatrillyold woman to aak aueh a qnoatfam.'* 
I'nder cover of t]ii« artillery of |uitttle Haint-Ijiir managed to collect 
his scaUored ideta. By tho time that the old lady hod ]»us(kI for want 
of breath, he bod got hia litUe Rpeech rendy, ojid he delireied it in 
stnigfatfarword and unaffected langnagn. 

" You know, madaue— and so do you, Leon — and bo aleo doos made- 
DtoiaeUe herself — how little I havii renturvd to (tx|w«t tim ha])pine8B I 
haa ouDU) to me. All 1 con my is tJint 1 will do my be*t to ahol 
myself wortliy of it. It wonld be ridicoloua pt-wuniption on my parti 
aasitme thnt nindemoiselle hiu tiny mcli freling for nut na I liave for I 
indeed I kjiow tlmt it in not so. But thie I «ut ptoiuiiie to her, and ' 
yon nil, thnt if abe ever ooma to repoit of her ehtuce, it aball not be 
through any fatdl of mine." 

Ho leokod a little wistfully at Jeaiute m b« qwke tlio last vrotds, 



tiBt kbe oulj inclmoci Imt IiomI oliglitly, wiUimii f>)MAkiiig, and lie turned, 
vitbit h>]f sigh, towards l^n, wlio promptly gnuped him by theiuuid, 
tltfukij^ ikax (lid irnijier tiling to do imdcr iLe circumstaiioca, and re- 
autrked felicitousl; Ui&t be bod alw»ra koovn tfaio^ vould come rigbb 
iu tbo end, ami bad said BO, if 8KinUt,iic n'memtenMl, at Fort NapoI^D. 
Tbtnt, uiunuurinj; tumctliitig alHral Iwiug obliged to gn to tbv sUtblm, bv 
altppn) (jtnoUy awaj, and wboi bo wiut tiiirlj out in tbv op«a mt, 
dnrv a ItMj); bre&tJ), and coiignitiilftted bimnelf in tbat he bnd pn«wd ov«r 
U) ancmtain iHOce of ground wiUiout, making any Talae sreps. 

la tbe drm wing- room an riwkwaiil pei-iod of aileuce nt]>er%'escd. 
SuDt-Luo liful aaid bin tty ; Jemuu) did not cliooee to speak at all ; and 
Uk Ihtcbew'a i|JntB were Eomswhat damiMxl by tite nolcinnily of tbi! 
yonagtr iMwpW. 

" I think 1 will go iiiHtairs and rat for a littk^" she naid, gathering 
op ii«r tbawl, bcr book, &nd bor otliur belaoi^ifp ; *' all this cxcitpmuiit 
ium timl mM. Idiall find you bunt wbon I coin« dovn ngaiii no doubt," 
aba wUbJ Ui Solnt-Lur, ulio rotr U> 0|>«ii tiiv door for bor. 

** If n»d«>iooiM(l<! will [Hit iij> witli my oompHiiy for so loug,''b« 
aaflwwcd, trying to «nula 

J«MiDi] latl ;;ot lip, wWa lio turned round after cloeitig tlie door, aud 
WW alatadiitg, witit \\w fUtow noting upon the mantelpiece, fiuuiiug ber- 
a^ bwui^Iy willi oii>' ut those di-ivd poIiuctto-leaTea which no Algerian 
lady ia without during the hot nontluk 

** Vk'^f notl'*>lu> Mdtdd, n^plyiiig to hU hut mnnrl:, altliough It 
bad not bcrn wUiTwnl U> hitr. " W'c tJiidl liavp U) put a[> with one 
MMthuT auw until ouv uf utt divp. ' 

" The pio^jwct in not an agreaablo one to you, njutloinoiiwlh', I fear," 
aid fjatiit Imc, Nlang through all bia huoiility by hvr tXKil rontemjit. 

" Km T«t7 i but it dooa oot much sij^^y. It in iiufgrtuuAte for me 
tlM 1 was bnuglit up to think that gitls should choow tboir own bus- 
bttnls. •« ihiry do in Kuglatid. In uiy ouu it hiia turuul out a mistake ; 
3!: ' I I auppoao it it brttor tlmt orory n«ti<ia «honld kwp to it» 

fta.. ...-u Ijtii Oh endeavour to think tiiHL I aiu oltogetlMT Frvuch, 

that our hntntiial u uoo of tlic onUtuir)- kind. You many me 
yvn wish to aiHtlo down, and I niariy you beooon my family 
it. Tb«To noni be no qucxtion of Invo Ictwam no." 

'' t^rU'U mc, them i^ a groiit doal of lovo ; but it is all on one tud«. 
I doiuiteimfihua uf tliat; buURmdviiioiflullc, I luroytiu so dearly that I 
woold fiu- nUbtr ^ away now, and uerm- sec you again, than condentn 
J9U to a life <if iinlittfipincH. If, as it M>«n», I cu) iniptre you witb 
Mtbing bat rrfiugiuinee, wby I " 

" \Vby have I aooeptod you I I tlwugbt I bod olmuly nuHwered that 
qtMVtion. [iBranao tny family wish it. For the rest, 1 did not moan you 
to nwiKnUnd that *ou wore rqiugnuit to mo. I cnrtoinly do not lore 
J" I'lU paswnil U'twi'vu as at Furl finpnieon you must be aware 

1 kliiill du niv iluiv ; 1 dtall Uy t/i like* you, ajid — rogpuct 
joOj if I nto.' 



" Bo it BO. I do Dofc impair. Love hegfitt love, tbej mj, irod some 
dAj I nuty gain jwin." 

"Pray, pray do not expert Uiat," returned Jeanne, wiiJi gnttl 
cameetitee. " It can Devcr Ik^ I am ixpt eubmiasive, aitd I am not 
fliwayi good-temperMl, I am afraid ; but I will do mj btnt to nwlre jour 
boiao comfortable if jon will oot Lallt about love. More than tlin.1 1 
oannoi do; — end you aumot expect Bion," sbo addi^, with a toucb of 

" I aui contented," aiuwered Batut-Lnc, looking, liowever, a little sad 
over it. 

Tbo man's eioovive me&kneai exaepenatod .Taanae. Tbe oolonr 
matiDtcd tiito her dieeks, and she tore off a comer of her palmetto fiui 
and crushed it bctwcon her fin^rs. 

*' I cannot in tlio luatit undurstand you I " she exohdmed hnlf in- 
votuntorily, "it Bceme to mo that you are doing a very foolish tltiog ; 
but I suppotv you mtut l>e tlio best judgo of yoor own ftftions, And at 
any rate I have not decRived yoii. And now T have sonieUiing to aj 
which Itud better be said at once and done with, for il is about a di^ 
ngroeable matter which I do nut intend to allude to again. I wiiih you 
tn know that Ij63I) has told mc about the money whic)i be lost to you &t 
earils, rikI al-out the miuaner in "ndiieh you and be seem to h«vo agreed 
tliut it sliould W iiaiiL" 

I Soiut-Luc looked vexed. ** I wish L6od had not xiKikun toyouabout 
,tihat silly ofliur," be aaid. " It wa<ia]lami«mdi>ntandiiLg. Than is no 

debt at all ; but lie took an alnurd no^on into liiii head that be was 
bound to pay mc an tmmcnso sum which I never had the ranotcet in- 
tention of acoi>ptiug from him ; and b« was so obstinate over it that, to 
guieb him, 1 suggeeted the &-Bt way out of the difficulty that occonvd to 
'no. I am aorry sow that I did net ba]>pen to hit upon smoother 
solution, because, ns things have turned out, it may look to you as if I 
had presiLiaed loo much upon the probability ofyour accepting my MKDod 
offer. Nothing eould bo further from the truth, I assure you ; and I 
need hardly say that I never imagined that any account of tlie transaction 
vould reach yuur oars." 

" 1 ^oiild have thought \*ou muttt have known that tAon has bo 
eecrets from mi>. But tha.L dooi not much matter. In any case, I man 
bare been told Ixfore the money could have boim paid." 

" I had hoped tliatr u there need Ite no aetual transfiir of coin, he and 
1 would have been able tn arrange the matter without troubling yon 
about it. But, to tell you tlie truth, mademoiselle. I ilid not give much 
thought to the details; as I told you before, tha debt is a purely 
imaginary ono." 

Jeanne bit her lip. Bolieviag, as she did, that her present unlucky 
|iUght WMS the result of a deliberate plan lud by Salnt-Luc, it oost her 
an effort to r^Drain from openly chaigtng bim with ncedlcMi duplicity. 
Nothing could justify his beliavioor ; bat if ho had thrown himmlf upon 
her mercy, pleading his love for her aa bis excuae, he might perhapa have 


■^ - "^ 



booD sllowfld the bftnofilof sn Qxtentiating circiunstMice. As it was, Uiotv 
vaaaothmg io be aud for liiia. 

** 1 do not imilentuid how • (1e))l can bo imafifiniuy,'' alio aosworeil 
oolill^. " If hbaa lost U)« moiiejr to yoii, be owm It t» you, aiid vill 
ff H. Let oa ti«at it nnaply as a matUn- of buaincas, if you plt'^ae. I 
an not qoiw oertaiu as to what legal riglits our nuuriago amy givo yon 
oYermy (irapaiy, and it isnotdosirable that ooyonubuloiinialvtaiiboald 
kaow of UiM unfortonato bittinoK. I dMJre, thomforc, to haT« your 
wlumn aiaatmnoe that yoa gire up all claini to 253,800 frutxs of my 

Th« trtuiiHaa-Uke air wit)i which tliis v«ry uubuidnatii'lilu domand 
waa anondated ought bare jiroroked Snint'Ijic to n Mintl« if he had not 
hm too auetb btirt to aee ths comical ntlo of the situation. 

' X pMge yoa my word of honour, miutinnoiHelle, that it shall be bo," 
hm aaid ; " and I will land myself by lui onth if you feci any fear of my 
robUaf yon. But, beliov« me, you aiy altMhing n gn-nt deal too luuch im- 
peftanoB to a atupld bluader. Will yoa ^leruut mc to give you uiy 
Tcnaoo of th« otoryl " 

'Ko, thank yoo. I bavo yoiu* juvuiiso tluit you will not oppose my 
1i»>Mllny 4nrer the requintc sum to Ia-uu, iiuiI Lli:il u f.iitSciuui. I do 
not vinh to bear another word about th« mnttvr." 

"Vary well. I alaodionld t>egladtolotth« wholeCbiugbeforgotUin, 

only I fancied you were UamiojK me " 

** I Bin blaming nobody," interrupted Jeanne, with siKhlPD irritalulity, 
*• Ptsy do not harp upon it ; Ipt h« t«llc of noinetbmg elae." 

EtaiRt-Ijic did not pme the point. In B[Hto of Joanae'n asflumttcns, ho 
pandved plainly Dint he waa boing condemned tmlicard ; but hn wtui 
frmtfnt to waive his i-igbt of Helf-defence In deference to the will wliich 
•■• faaaedortli to be hta kw. Deliberately, and of biii own choice, he 
bo» W kia neek faeuntJi the yoke, nayitig, v<-ith a smile — 

" A» you pleaae. I will nerer say or do auytbing that ia i\imgT(wi\>\i' 
toyon, iTI oan avoid it,* and tlieu began to tollc u.bout the Govoruor- 

If Mailnuc de TrtmobriUe could hav'e been present io the Hpiril. — if 
ftho «oultl have ieen her atlent partner of thn provioua evening putting 
Aitdi alt hfai oonveimtional poweni in the vain cflbrt to intenst hie in- 
WtiT^^*- hearer, and JeaaiN acarofrljr so nmcli as pn-tenditis Io listen to 
loM — aiw wmtd have filll that her jmiplietie Kkotcli of Madcuioiselle de 
llanBc'a naniMllife wnajoetified Ixfore tlie event, nud her roepoFtfuI od- 
ttlnrtiea fcr AL de Haint-Lue would probably have sulTcred «omo dimiDU- 
tkn. WbUfiodwed^ t wjw c ta humility in thia world 1 The virtiMtisaorara 
a one thai noit people fiul to rcooguiao it whrai thfv eeo it, itnd tuually 
iltHdowiiaaODeorthe mmner vio.'e. It muntly'ndrnittcd tliatJcunne, 
•booi^bt pnrliapA to have known Iwtter. wHa in no wiiin propitiated Iqr 
^krnM^a aabauanvoJieBi. She did not underntund that it was on ex- 
mm of hb own unworbbJoeM that made Saint- Luc mentally 



pvogtnttM )iinuN>|f bolbro hn; Rb» mw onljr tha ignoblr. enMtcyng 
attitiidf, imd broil litni uuder foot wiUioul cumpiincUoa. 

" Whv will you iikBut upoo it tlist I tun ftlwsjrs in tli* rif^l T " abe 
exoliiiuml onoe, rBtber omeUy. " fiurdjr I mmL lio wrong mnoMnm I 
Lei OS try to diwoTCr mxae point apon wbioh we am diflrr, ur m dmii 

But tKis WAS EDtne ilars later, after Jeanne liad had lo )>ia \i[* witJi » 
long oouno of oafatoken oci^iuoMimfc. Upon Uiia fint AfU-rnDooibobara 
two hour* «f Saint-l^ic's eocioty m-ithoiit o|>eo ninrmiiring, »ad maBeni 
him b> (Iqurt nl last witb no worer {iiinttilinieni Uiiuu a wniowliat cnrt 

" It IB tiiDe for ran tii g(j and drom for dinner," ahc said. " 1 sitppOM 
yon will be ooming liof« every day new. I am alwava btuqr in the 
taorning, l>tt( nHor time o'elock irou will gt-ncrallT find mo dUvnguged. 


Jkahke qt'jiRneLa vim FASciicTTe, axd I>£dx sdhm tos 

Hl'han' DntarB, even in its mood* of higliMt aelf-aboegttinn. i^ etill apC 
to retain a miffident mDnanl of love for frit lo long for tbc npplauM or 
gratitude of fellow-morttils. fJurtiUA, when ha reeolvcd upon uasa 
biniEelf upon the altar of jntriotism, armjred hiuiwlf, it will be 
l»n%d. in a suit of ahining anuonr, mounted a pnuicing wiu-Lorae, uai 
diaappoired into tlie gulf with the cyvs of tb« awe-etruck citixttiB upon 
bim, and tliRir murmais of mingled adniimtion and pity in lus eon. 
The Mcrifico would liave Item etiiially e^cadous, it t» to be prMumeil, 
and the ehaam as pemi&nently cloned, if lie liad walhvd quietly down to 
it, after nightfall, luid iilip[X!<l in, witkoul niying a word to any bod/. 
Bob be probably fvH hlnuwlf entitled to u morw dramaLic «Kliag, and 
who Hhnll bbuno biml Danto», waiting ou the acalfold for the tanty 
Pbintiiut, while tlia hmdsnian stood by hU «i(le and tho loat saida ma 
out of the hoiii--glaaa, waa a e|>ectaol« so niilrlime that tbo tjiiutt 
Dionysitui is said to have boen moved by it to make one of the HilUat 
raquwhi ever rtcordod in history or Goliun. Had Ditinoo risked hia life 
in Kme couiuiouplaee muuer, aucfa as drugging his M?ud out of a dnsk- 
|)ond, be would tiut have been Bubl>ui« at all, iind wuulil, thomfare^ have 
been the wore heroic; while, if he had HmUingly eapouHed a tiidoi>iia 
boirea in Ordor U) pay Phiutias'a gamhUng debta, bo wonid b«Te ocroia- 
plishoil a feat iinBurinawl in tlie aiuials of frii-iKisliiii or luve. There is 
DO sacrifice ao gnat but Clmt gratit^ido will r^ndrr it brarablc, lUid notio 
too BtnAll to he DSgmfied into n bunien by nUscnco of rc«ognitioo. 
Jeanne de Menac, who was aboat to lay down her life for her brother in 
a eADse which, without any iignro oi speocb, wan far more terrible to ImT 
tJun death, could not but fuel it no sliglit addJliou to hir mihiiinuuiM 
thai he ahuuld be precluded fhiiu approdatiug her devotkoi. It wan, of 





coco**, ln«vU»ble that be ibould be kept in ignoi-aivcs of the motivoei 
Iwfaiftj bail ACtiutMl betr in act;e|>Ung M. da Uniatr'Lac ; but tliera wa* 
litU- '<>u in that t.Iioiir;bt; And. moreover, Jeanne could hare 

fcati . . r b«nrt to wuh cjiat he ftbould at kast h&ve giifeecd at 

f vbsC Rocnml bo obtlouti, vtnv ll onljr tJuit she might lisve bud tbu satb- 
bctiao of qaictutg hut (can. But bo ftppturuLlv fdt no onxictj', tuid, ivt 
kU vtwito, did not ditifiUy luiy. As far u hi»HintfT could undiMvtond I)i» 
fDcUn^, ht) wu fl&tiNfici) witli Uie ftmi[)g(;!meiit, though not overjoyed ivt 
kt Ukit deonntfr ctudl/ to uvoid mediiig HuiutrLuc, or uieutiouioj; bis 

It WH, jiertuipe. in some degi^ tlirougli Jeancic's own fuult that a 
Mrtaiii codUub 4nd estnt&gemcat spi-ong u|) *t tbia timo between hei- 
util favT brotbpr. She inTunuocI him of ber engsgement briufly and 
«iUu>ut couuucot, BjMNiking in n ccriiUQ cold, matterc^-EBot voice, the 
•oond of vbidi WM w-t-ll Icnown toLcon,ftn(] whidi had, from hut boyhood 
vp. ml-nj» had tlui effivi of ovomwing faUa. Hi* Itx>k«d 8ui'])ri«e<l, but 
did bot tmy Trry much in n-idy ; dot van it until Jmuuiu bud b«^un to 
liJk aljuut iauni«t)ting else Uuit lin riimarkod hesitatingly — 

■ " 1 tbOQgbt, ntUr vliat yon mid th« otlier day nboiit Sunt'-LHC— — " 
" X«v«r uilikI tvb»t 1 luiJ tlio otbei- day," alie int«j-riij)leU. " I was 
in • nxuuitic mood the other day — I ain not ofUni la n rotusntic luooil, 
am 1 1 — and I darowy 1 tulkcd a good iIdaI of nonaoasp. I toM you that 
I voold not DutTTy H. do Saiot-Lvc becaoM I did not lovo him ; bat 
aoNT I think that objection nowl not gtuntl in luy way. If I oould have 
krrtd bin it woultl havr bwu tKticr; but ris 1 cannot., I must be aatis- 
fial with knowing that my marriage with bim will be a good thing in 
Mher waya." 

Iaqu oitght aodoubtoilly to have taquii-cd in what waya, but be did 
bOL H« eonltvte'l liimwrlf with normnring sumrtliing alxxit Saint-Luc's 
auBDEOt qtialltica, anil almosl immodiatcly Jcutmv left Lim. How fur 
be waa uwaro of the true causes of hia sistor'K chan^ of opinion it would 
h* difficult to >ay : [irobably bomaiiaj^ to (wrauaile himaclf tbut bJH own 
maimnwum»i joiitloii wan only one oftbcm. 

Partly from & iou;>-B(uii(ling Ualiit of aequieacenoo in all Jauino'a 
g^^dadMotv, |>artly bmauH' il: was s-o very dedrable tha.t ifae should miury 
^^BaintrLuc, and JMUlly IjCiwuio hv roolly believed that Hudi a miu-riogo 
^^kajlA^nl u> lecitrD bra- owu hii|>[>iu»«, he rrfrainM (wm aitkin^ furllier 
^^^^^^^1^ and •itkniiNavU tlx^ ftubjcvt fruni his mind with an inward ilo- 
tbrr' 'liiiig bad liHi>{K!nvd for the Imtt. 

X- •—- ;- - iiui, howevpr, prevent liim fi-om fmling guilty and 
anaooifcrtahla in bis nstn-'a oomjany, nor bcr tntm noticing bis oltRml 
laatiDiir, and raMntiug it; and ua Jnnno, for all ber eolf-pOMC«ion, was 
tt> adapt at cDnoeallng ber diapluasum &vm those whom dio Ioycm], homo 
MOB bacame rather a dreary place to tho young taaniiiia, who liked 
)aq|{hur aiyl aoft npwehM, and pIniMuit, nailing faces to welcome hitn, 
tad who ha<l ban ho aceuabrauxl all Uin life to these ugreeahle Burroond- 
that be had come to look uikiu them, almost aa lua Hghl. Tb« 


niNtJioi of it woB ttut bo alwintfid iumaol/ m froqucDUy mnd for m kmg 
Ijeriodti u li« vrns n\Av. 

Hiiu Jewine foiuwl that abe mast bear her burden in salitnde. or la 
Mociotj that was vona than aolitudo. H. do Fotitvieillo, guoi mu), luid 
bem a little ihoelted by tbo |ir<«ipitanrj' with vhich hia pbiksoplikal 
teaclm^ had been actH ii]>»n. Ho would have prcferTed that Jnnnc 
shonld havo ootisecrat«d at leut a >ear to toan and regrtt; and thon^ 
he wu alvay* kind to hvr la a ftus^, rathar troubloaone waj, made do 
ftirtiier aUnaion to eenUmraiUU topics. Tlift DacbeBB, excited, talkative, 
nnd glwfu), wns a vtrrj trying eompuiioii; and M. do Baint-Lao waa 
Rmjily tntolorable. To eNca[ie from him now became the chief aim of 
Joanno'a life. She had a hundred cxcnses for being oot when he caUed, 
or fur I»iviiig him soon after be anival. Her wedding bad beao fixed 
to Ukc place in the bcpsiung of September, and tiw neceaufy for rapor- 
vinr^ the piogrees of her t'^nts^au itSbrdod bor n pretext for coruitatttty 
neaping to the amveat of El Btnr or to the Bchool for Amb ptU in the 
toim, to noithor of wludi establishments wore genttemsa admitted. 

U\tau occuioDB, howex'n-, khe waa eoropell^ to ait through n long 
l3t0-i-tfle with hor future hiulnml, and then that imluckj- acajiegoHt had 
a troofalooa time of it. Never wao man more iKnietcotly aunbbed, more 
pltiloedy dEsdained; and nm'er was unmorited crucJtjr men) pattontl; 

When oatare is ankod to cany n heavier weight tbaa her strangUi is 
oqujil to, tlio haljittml qimtitice 'which mako up a biiDinn clianeter are 
ajit to give way in one ]Jaoe or another. The generona are not always 
geooTouB, nor the jiuit alwsye jtut. Great men have often fftoo]MNi to 
pIQean actioax, and good men to hearOew onni, theraby sorely [N>ri)lexlng 
' hiogmiihore, who aeem to think tliat inconsislctncy reqnirea aome 
planAtion. In the ovarlasting fight between the good and evil parts of 
OUT Datura, the victory, even in the best of m, cannot lUwaj-s be fixr the 
right Kidu. 

[jong afterwurdii, Jeanne, looking Iwek upon chose imltry mnitonF 
weeks during which ahe had atood with her hack to the wall, lighting 
against de«p&ir — loolnog back, and viewing men and events in the 
changed light which time had thrown upon them — knew not which to 
wonder at moet^ her own um-ciuitting -virulence oi- Seiut-f.uc's furhoar- 
ing gentlonem. Hhc hail Icai-nt then to apprcmte that kind, faithfVll 
heart, and ooold nevn- tliink of the remoneless Ktaba which hLo luid io- 
Hictod upon it without an sohing puin at her owo. Even at the time her 
conaiaeDCe smote her oucasionally when her victim winced under luv 
aharp ejiccdiCR — for. after all. it is but poor sfiort to attack one who witl 
not retaliate — biit if alio t-cl«nt«d ut all, it w&g only after his bock wns 
ttmied. The sound of hie fteft in the ImU was sufficient to chaae away 
any nntu^ cuiiipvauoa fixiiu hor bi-eul. 

'• C'tat pl\*a fort qm moi" abe nid, one day, in antreb to a rcoDOD- 
tftnuce from Fuicheth.', wliu luid ovcrlieoi-d partof a convermtion Iwtwem 
the bvtrotbcd couple, ami who was ia the babit of uaing an old aervao^fi 





rf ({^OKkinf; [ilataty to lior mistneas when m iDin<lMl. " I do 
Bot TBnt to h) ni(l4> — I (le»pifie myEetf for being i-aJo, but belp it I 
tmnoot. He imtntm uy nt-rvm boyoud ull boiruiK. I ai sbill auil luteit 
to bin u iang u I eui ; I btto my bii^iie to is&Icr it )(«<)> flil«Qt ; And 
tbrD ftt InKt 1)0 gtvM me nn opportuiiity of mying «>incttiing (Jiiit I know 
will hint his fbeIiDg« ; Ami I rc«I tlint 1 sny it or cHtr." 
'!%« old tronuui held up lier wrinkled hands in anuiwmcnt. 
" T do not trcogiuMi yoo, Jeanne," she exclaimed. " You to tnlo « 
im liurUo;; luiollicr'a r«eliii)!:s t — it U not like you. And that poor 

J, too, who is «0 gOOll — ^90 gVIIfTOUS " 

" Gonnrans t " inbmiptt^l Jtnane, with a abort laugh. "Oh, if he 
ba* becti gpnetouA to you, Fftnchetio, yon h&vo, of ooune, a good r«MOti 
Ibr lUcing him. Hv ttaji uevra* givpii me luiy nion^, you in, wj that he 
ku not the ftaae claim npou my gratitude." 

"He Iiaj pwn yoa his heart, which is worUi more tluin moikoy," 
eri«i| tbe old curse, rcddcoit^. "And it is not at my age, and aft«r 
tlkirtr yoon of sonnco in one family, tliat I should he accuseil of taking 
brilioi, nrndoniotBelki. And a pair of qicctaolm is not money, nmm if 
they le motintnl in f^uld. Ni-vrr, idnoc I hare hrcu in thiH Iioiise, has 
any f^tJfwan >li>»''l to atToi' mo n prencnt, except an n mark of «stfieni. 
Mocfly. [ndi<od *. I hnTomonoy of my own in tJie tduik, an you know 
tiwjr well ; iin<I 1 cnuM tnut mynelf to fifty )Hura of spectaclrs to-morrow 
vitlieut being mined, if I felt so inclinwl. Decidedly, Jeanno, you are 
kaoif yoar band if yon bcliev)! that old fricnils and honraA fallen are 
o^ablo of such IjoBcncn." And Kunehotto hobhlod off in docp dudgeon. 
Pbor JcfUiDC waa Hko n wotinde^l aaimal ; her ttntt impidso waa to 
tara DinQ thoait who laid a 6us^-t u|>oii hpr hnrts, and bhe could not 
aJwayt rastmn hirtMlf from yielding to it. Uor temper at tliis tino 
vu ewtoiniy nat angelic ; but the worat that could havo boon «nid of 
licr haa now been said. No ono, except 8aint-Lac, had much cauae to 
cMDfUn of li«r ooiuldCt. Outuders mnm-ked no chnnge in her, uolen 
It were a nUgiil increase of taciturnity, nor was it geoeniUy stupected thkt 
■ha was otborwiao than aitisfiied with her dcitUny. 3%! good fiisters at 
tka convent, in whooo cool {larlour she upont a grrat [utrt of her daj«, 
tbm^it hor nltened and improred; tlie little colony of |>oor ajid nick 
pca{4c whom sbe ^isit«d as usual rejoioed in the receipt of an inctcascd 
bomty, and amt«) in Bhril) lammitations over the too probable dcpartiiro 
nf thfltr bmefsotnina; the childn-n at the Arab school lifted tlieir little 
lirowtt fiurn fVom tbur work and ithowod thnr white teeth when the 
baantiftil, tall U<ly over whose trousttau they were buity rame in, bring- 
ittg Ibe lag <if bimbons which fbey had leantl to expect with her. 

With all llip«e worthy [xwple, who wwre not of htr world, JoAitno 
oouU tpA oa wfll oaoufih ; but to nxcivo the con)n«tu iHtioiut of Iwr 
ftfandi^ to TWply (0 their inquiiitive iiueattoniDgs aud jiairy their amiabb 
(imaeiKloas, wa« less en^. 

Tbo story of L^ou'a gambli:^ Jlatco hiiA Iwikod out, as socfa atoriaa 
■loi aadi in a more or hM garbled form, hod nocbcd the tnn of 


nearly nil bin nciiu&iabin«««. Of thma, aome Bam vera oaatout to tianf 
Ihmr BliooMais, reamrk tluit Uw foiing ffillow wim gwog to tbe dovil, u 
thtj hail alwnjTi nud Iw would, mitt to greot Huut-Lue with tlic nJcli- 
tioiuU rapmt due to a ihad of siidi evident ability ; tiatthemajorttj, mimI' 
aipeci^y thoold UdicB, wore not going toleleoilrluaoiHa bit of t C Midat ; 
die oat without gxamining iiito tta detaib. TiLL-iug the news of htoti% ^ 
heaTy ]ome» in coajunctuHi with that of his asia'a engagement to the 
wiiitior, tbejr wtav uiiutiimouftly of opiiiioit Uint tbvra was nwre in it aU 
than met the eye ; aiK), furOiur, Lliat Uw sulyvrt was otw which denuuiiled, 
Hnd wouUI irjmy, ciurful ei/ting. Their oougnUuUtory visits, ther<£}re, 
««ro niLTlcMl by nundry hintit uid iiuaiiuatioiii which mjttiS»d ihs 
Oucheaa while tliey greatly alartned Jeunne, in whom an incapacity for 
prevarication and a fine helit^ in the wickedncu of lying bad been im- 
litanted by h«- father, luucfa to hur Bubwxjueut inoouTMiitDOC. 

I^iat tho gotofB would en long haro wormod the Irulh out of !>er : 
beyond « doubt, bod ooi 8uint-Luc litddly got wind of their susfnoiAac ' 
and tekoD [ironipt measana to luppcon tliem. He, poor fellow, had 
lired in a society which takes broad viewi of morality, and lie hail no 
seniplo whatever in seeking oat thoee old ladiea, quostkoiing them as Ut 
the tnfommtion they had received, aod tneeting thdr statementa with 
cutcgoricol doniaL Ho then went to H. do Muncoaux, and duuIo uae of' 
such brifif and ]uthy ai;guments as to convince that gmtlonian that his 
life dqiended upon bix oontradictkm of the repurts which be iulmittwl 
having had wue iLaxe in spniadiDg. D« Moucwkux tuado a wi-y fitoor 
but w ha woii always willing to olilige a frivod in an iruspetutivo way, 
luid, besid«8, infinitely preferred rating his wordu to being run tJirough 
the body, b« took occasion to pey a round of visits on lh« foUowiog iu^, 
and to uienUou, in the coui'se of conveiTation, that he had been made the 
victim of a fooliah huux in the matter of young de Menacfa soppoaed 
looua — the stakos bring, in reality, poyahio in fot(« and not in napoleons, 
as bad bemi pretended. 

Among tbwe mho exiftrifcuued a milural feeling of diMipjnjintmtuit at 
this announcenient wua Madame de TremonTiUe, wlwm d« Monnnnx 
met at bcr door in the act of alighting from her carriiige. She luul Just 
leturned from the Campague de Meraac, whither she bad beUkea hentelf 
primed witti ucid-Kwect cougmtuktioimi, only to be refused admittauoe, 
(Old was i-oDw<|UL-ntly in uu movl to wiidi hor ndghbuura well. 

" A h<AX I " ehc r«pc*t4>d incrednloitidy, «-hon de jMo&ccaux bad 
concluded bbt brief uplauation. " Thai douimIs v«ry impmbahlr. Why 
abould they tuve wtettcd to make you tlunk that Oii'y went jdi^iug for 
gold instead of copper I " 

" Oh, aa for that, I was not the only one tjdtim in," relied de Moa- 
oeaux, with ready meiidacity. " Dq Mersoo hiua»U' fully beliuved at Uw 
time that ho wan ruiiiMl ; and a fiuu fright be had. It wwi tuuDl-Loe 
who ooatrivcd to deceive him about the Miafcaa, and to make lum nuppoae 
that In; had lost about four bundix'd timat ua much na hu mdly bad. 



to induce the ;ouiig fellow to renounoe gambling by 
whU it inigbt lcmt\ him to, as tho Sportuts osed to exhibit 
■ lininfcED nun to tWr sons, by va.y at dingiuting Uiem with intetnper- 
•mae. Asd I oodentattd thftl be has succeeiled." 

" What lundocsR ! xnH wliut montlity I M. de Sftint-Lufl is rwUly 
bcconing too gucol for the 8ocivty of such simion aa you nod L AnA to 
thmh tfaat lii« |m)>il Laa n]«o boca miuu S — wlUl a diflbrDnoo. For wbilo be 
hM bMM itriving to ««m tbe poor littlo MaKjiiia frooi tho nmuaeoiMmtB 
of kliia UJ(% I ba%-c> l)cea doing my soiiill btMi to inU'oducit him U> tltem." 

*■ tteint'l.iM' \ui9 more th&a ottco, iu my preaence, waniod ^'oung de 
Minaa a^inflt tbv daiij^en of this houao," obi»cv«d SI. de Montieaox, re- 
mnnlpnritij!; Uiat he owul bla friend oou. "I Ibar that you viil lose your 
pMtdl, inaiUnw" 

** Yoa think ao t" mturuwl Muduu» de Trv iiiouvillv, with a tvonLfoI 
Ikhi^l " Btay and lUne witli iia, and I Satbcr mysi^ that before tbo 
madag u over yoa will have changed your mind. Tlie Jlnnjiiia mnkeH 
hia ap|MU«nop in ibn druwiiig-raoin as punctually aa the ooffeo. To tell 
tbt trutb, 1 M<k> iM^giiiuiuK to tiiid Itiui terribly wearisome, aod was 
*^'l'H*^ of pving him bis emu/e; but stnou M. de 8«int-Luc pcrmitti 
UiMBlf to cmDtioa piNjtlti agiiuiBt %'i«tiDt; me, I nliiUI let liim sec tbftt my 
(ika-U eem* b«n) wlwu I pleoM, and hs often as I pl«aee." 

" San yiilM qtinnto iiif>v*im ]i«ri>-l(i 
Prnlic, GxIuIh' falulu* Itvun ?" 

muneurMl d« Afoncfnux, as lie followol the little lady into tbe tuill. lie 
added aloud, " Sladomc, no unv kaows better thnn I do bbnt you arc 
jtmiattble, but 16 it wortli whilo to wa«t^i your tioiu iu niiilcinj; n t^Avo 
of a raw Ud t I cui aiuivrer Tor one full-grown ouiu who iTrjuirtv no 
pnw"'"" Id out bimsdr at your fMut, and who " 

" Ii will lia worth while if it amuses me," intGiTuptinl Mmliiuu> de 
TMnooTille, dioregnnling thin llnttoirinf; nvownl. But nlie meant tiiat it 
«o«U bv wortb whtl<i if it nnnQy«>d Siunt-l.iK. 

U. >1« MuunuLUX carmt vury littb' wb»th«r I.6on were Kutyu^t«d or 
no; but be liked a kinkI dinnu'. uiid luicw tliat Madumo do Trviiioorille 
Ittd • tfn"/ (pa^tig rich upon thirty pounda a yenr) whom many r 
tACMlon club might hava mrieiL Moreover, lie tliouglit it inore tJuui 
likeljr ibitt a. puoo of bttcouut would hv pro[>oeed Ijefore tlio i*f«uiikg wua 
fti Ht wd, and liuvarat traa a fonu of jjumbliog wliictt uauidly brought 

Aa the dtimcT-bour dr«w near, thr\-e young offi«or«, evidently kalntttft 
of tW booavf mi«n<d - and xliurtly nfUTWaids tliu wholv piirty sat dowu 
|0 tuhlt, without waiting for M. do Trthnourillo. who liad not yut ro- 
tsTBoi from bta bnivnu. 

*■ My biiiUiod is very Inury just now," tJio lady of thn bouse remarked 
csnbeUv, w sbc fiuUhol her eonp. " Oni> cnn nevor toll at what hour be 

' omt la. For tho but three days be has been per^HttUAlly ruoeiviog 

144 j)S ItBHiO. 

uMlBfmlti^afftoABpaBL Bgr-abe^i^, BOBieufla, I bo|« fDo an mil fidll 

of KhioD wine, for 1 think joa will ilrink -my little cbs tlua mitnmiL" 

" Bah '. Ut«t« vOl ba bo v^r," aud oot of Ut* oftons. 

"And why not, {my I " uksd Madaaoc de tMaanvOlCf, aniUog ia Uie 
auperior bshion of oDn iMhizid the aaeatK. 

" Fii^j, bneaiae I hare no Inek ; •oamdl;, btottUB th» Pmniaiu u» 
not ready ; and thirdly, becaim it is fapoariMa lo didara -war withoat a 
pretext. BeaaUea, th« Ecaperor is s^^wimc old, and the Mexican affiur 
turn datnped his ardonr for glory. We bava already inSlcted a htuniUa- 
tian u\no the Pruaiaoa by mukio^ tliem withdraw Uietr IMnce Leopold, 
and, far taf part, I MamKly mc what atorv we thgiaJd gain I7 a satt^mfal 

**Pnitigo, and the Idl bank of cho Bbiiw," awiwcrud U. do 
MoBfleanz, holding up hts wine to the glow oT the laaMl. 

'* Tbp nrrengB of Sadowa," mid another. 

" And of KikoUnus." added a thinl. 

" To*i none of you ondgreband the dcaatko," mid Madatne de Ti4- 
monville. " If (be Emicnr declam war, it will not be for the Mice of 
glory or prevlige — Fhtnoe baa cooagh of both — nor to avenge fiuieied 
aliglita, nor ei-en to rectify the nanUTa frontier — ihouf^h that may beootoe 
a political aeoeaaty — bat to enmue poaeev Tlio Empire is pcacv ; the 
ootmtiy d«ne peace. WeehallhaTe it; baC to obtAxn it w« mnatmiilEe 
Qp oor minds to pan through a abort struggle. When our victoriotM 
armiee oator Bitrlin, the tranqoitlity of Europe will be a»ured for tbe 
BBxt half-antoi?." 

Madame de Tr^monvllle was ae ignorant cff th« history of past cam- 
poigoB as ebe was of politiea and of the art of wu- ; but &he was not more 
ignoiaut than the newspaper writera from whom dw derived bar iiifar- 
mation, soch ut ib wae ; and, in common with Oie immenae nu|}ority of 
her oompntriots, tbe had a blind conSdence in ^e retguii^ dysaBly. 
" As for a pretext," abe mumed, " Unit is wisily found ; and tf we> cannot 
dieoovor one, we shall take tiic liberty of sotng to wiir withont any. 
War in nnavoidaUe, and we muxt take advantage of the lint favourable 
moment to declare it." 

" Ah, there is the question," remarked the officer who had spoken 
firat. " Is the preeeut moment a favouruble one for as t " 

Slodame de TMmonvillo turned upon him with sovereign contempt 
" Uonsieur de Marcy," aud khe, " do you tAko ITia >Iiijc»ty Um Bmporor 
for ui imbecilet la it likely that he would dodaro war if be 
sure ofHucoeoat" 

"War is oot yvi declai«d," aoid de Monoeaux ; " and I eonfesB that I 
am a UtUe of M. de Marcy's opinion. I tliink tlm Ooremment will 1m 
■aati>6ad witli haring given King Wiiliam a alap in the face, aiid will go 
no furtlier. I l>olieve we nrv a uuttHi for tlie PriUKians ; but thtny are 
gootl suldierv, and Berlin ia a lung way from Paris, and wc have no 

" Ko kUIea I" oiod Bhdomc d« TtAmonrille. " Wait & little. [ 
from & Rttrft Mnr«e that AiuitnK vill jmn nn M s4an as th« firet 
: b firei]. Bavatia and Wiirt(iulx>rg, who (.vn put mine 80,000 tnon 
Uw M(l between tliem, must follow suit. In this vaj PnuBuo, with 
}ma mrmy of oonelhing like 700,000 nea, inclnding thd veseivra, vill he 
1 iMDUtMd ID bjr foTca amounUng in all to 1,600,000 : that Ib to «t/, timt 
atw win W oatanmberc^ io the proportion of coasi(lt.-rnhly nioto thitn two 
to ooft. If ^a iliink UuU in uut pnotigh to |mt King Willinm buck in 
U« pboe, I vill tiaotr fou in Hnnorer, vbo has been awaiting her op- 
portanitf lor four Tcora ]wb4." 

Dmm impoatng %iira did not bil to produce their effect npon ttio 
camtmuyi aa member of which had eofficient knowledge of bis own to 
verify OF dispute them ; and Madauw d« Tiimonvlllo, liAving seciiKd the 
rMpsctful attention of bctr audivnce. went On to ozputiate upon the pro- 
l»blo future policy of the ooiM]uering Emperor. With her eocmiea 
cnabed, with tho temjioral power of the Popo aaiured, with religion 
ft««d from d'ulurlung intlueiicra, and the nuichinationa of disall^teil 
^oUera reodttttd abortive by the coQteatment of tlie Datien, Fracce 
would br ut litnr^ to devote heiutlf to the fulfilment of her detttiny — 
thf. ■■' the world m the path of ctWIifiiitJon. The Htandin^ army 

mi^l ixxl, taxation diinitii&liod, and ft r<rw t-m. i>f f^T^nun^nt, 

eosafaiaing tbe blmuags of (ronKtitiitional frmdom vith titoao of onlM- and 
ilJM'ijiHiMi. iiiiinjiirittil Under the benevolent sway of a dynasty socuro 
•fik* agaiaat tiggrewnon abroad and tnaaon at home, industry would toko 
& hmh •taut, acittiBe woald be enooaraged, tbe aria fostf-red, uid, lastly, 
ftOimii would gatlier at ibe Tatleries which for brilliancy, reGuomeot, 
■adakganoe voold snrpaw any known to history or tnulition. Madame 
de *IV6ixmvilla waxed so otithuaiiuitic uvvr tJiia [Mi-tion of her mibject 
iWt 4ie pntsood it without intcrminioD until dinner was at an Mad, and 
arried it with hor into the drnwing-nxHn nfterwanls. Slio was predicU 

^^EaiC tbe Kpoodj adveob of a Konewliat e^uirocal millmmum wtven the 

^BnrtnuKeof I<6on div«ft«d her thoughts into nnotlier ohaoncl, and recinlled 

^V bar to actiialitiea. 

^P ** Uo«- late you an I " ahe cried, ttreetinff the iuiataatvd youth with a 
npnoclitStl look whicli not his stlly hfwrt bvating. 

** On Uk) contrary, uuulnme, 1 am t«u minutes before my uhuiJ time," 
im aaawtrad ianooooUy. 

*> Itttt wli)-ii I toll you tiuit you ore late I I>oyou not know, M. de 
Venae, tlutl n wcll-bnnl wan never cuntiwlicts n Ia4ly1 You are nn- 
pardunably rude tkis erotdo^." 

I^B " Madame, I apologixe moat humbly." 

||B " On your kano*, Utou, or I will not forgive you." 

'"'' tbe young idiot aetunlly plumped down npon his knen in tfao 

mkhUv of tjMi nnm, aitd Mndamv do Tr^inonville, dotliitg a mEadiieroua 
gUaav tmr her iboulder at du Mooccaujc, giawly accorded tlio dusited 



*' Bat we must h&ve no duilojnl nubjeota here Uiu evening," ilie 
added. " Wbcc /on oiune in, M. 1e Marquis, ve were discnaint; tlir 
jiroapecb of wftr Atsiicb > tiioe u this 7011 most wiiive consideitt^ 
tuHUi of inuty, aod cry ' Vive CKmpenur,' or wo atiall Kod you lione 

•* Uodaine I " 

" Do as I commaiid you, or ntira. Our patriotism will be oontent 
with nothing lesi.'' 

" Vim FEmptrmtr 1 " «jaeulatMl T><ion in moJi liigi(tfrioiu ftooeota thct 
tliero ivHS II. {^uoral outbunt of Uught«r. 

" Brarol " cried MiuIbisu da Tr&QioariUB, patting tumapiironogljr on 
the ghouldor. Voii have enid your lenon voll, and you Hludi have your 
reward. 1 will wing to you, nnd you uluill turn over my muuo for loek"* 

What faacinativa waa Ihero about Uus Yulgu- Uttl« wodwd tlwt 
oould indues Lten, who, oAer oil, was a g^tleman, tbougli a fooliKh one, 
lo jntwU) hiK BuhKCliou to hnr in w |>t)blic n fuuhiou ( Thtire is do 
answer to sncb tjiiortioius ; but thv |)h4wniiK'Di\ which wiggivt tham uiay 
be witiiewad any day D«arer lioin« tlia-ii Atgeri:*. Hie yotio^ mu^(uis 
wu not th« finit man who, falling n victim to the etidumtdtieute of ibis 
Cine, had been forced by her to exhibit bimself to the world in a s)iap« 
half metiuidioly, haJf contGii)ptibl(>:. It aooibod licr svlf-low to wo her 
admimni i^rovelling bcToro lict-j anil an this particular cvoninf* tho 
boast which sb^ had miulo to de Moncenux cauEOd \vst to b<t more 
oapricioux nnd iuipoHoua Utiiit lutunl. t^w niiKlu Li6on fotdi ami tasxj 
ffiiv her lilci> a As>% ; tOto bullied and pett«d him by tunts ; and to abow 
hia 'perfei^t do<>ility, onlei-ed him firtt to Ring " Fartaut jxiur hi Syrie," 
which he did wiUi n very bad gntoe, and tlien to read aloud a newspaper 
artielein whiob a lively hiataricAl paraU«l wao drsiwn between the Cumt« 
de Chambord and Ri[i van Winkle. 

it waiS an exhibition of much the same nature as may be somi in any 
travcilltng tneungorio. An ulcpliiuit 1«landng hia iiuwioldy body upon 
an itiv(rrt»ttub,iiriiiga pistol with his trank, and roUiuiiliiiaiielfflliunsily 
upon hut hind lega is not u UNiutiful,iuiiiupc«iDg,orevena vouiical iipec- 
taolo; but there ai« [Ktopln who think auch sighta worth ixmiigfor, andde 
Moncennx wha vnry well awuaed by L&m'tj ]>erforinai)cie, thmigh thu 
other young m«u, who ail Uiia time were left to entettain one another, 
thought it. a tride tedious. 

A diversion woa at Im^ crented by tlie appearance of M. da IVi- 
mOQTiUe, who walked into thi- room looldng tlr«d and harksmd, aud with 
no tnceof his ciurtomary HmiUug, official riceknen about bim. 

" UctMcurs," aaid he, taking off hia spcctadti and nibbing t1it>ni 
slowly witli hia i>ilk pocket'-handkcrebief, " I la-inj; you the news of the 
(kctaration of war." 

A volley uf «.'xolamatJotii and qneatiouA greeted this niinoutici-iiicnt. 
Kverybody )k!{juq to speak at once. When bad thu newsoi-nvHt 1 Wad 
it oettaiuly true ? Hod France or Pniasia declared war ( What waa 



tl>«' «uae taagaed I — uid »o forth. Wlien M. de Trtoonvillo could got 
* bflarini. ha vtufled tbfi uapati^nce of hU qoestdonan to the best of Ids 
»fa»litjr> Tba Govenior-Oetieiul Imd received a teligrani announcing Uist 
tlie Eincof Prusi& liaving nfusmi to give andience to M. Bened«tti, 
4tpknn«sie ndMima between tho two ooaatrias bad Inco brokca off, and 
UmT in iiilft M tmmp tthi now ou lus way to Berlin witUttiofonoaldocbk 
nUiMi oT war. Tlie I1uum>iiik <VArn4UA wcro iindsr onkm to proceed 
liUttilj to Fmncf, and iHtiei- regiiu«i)(t4 werti u> follaw a8 noon «£ 
iooold be got ivaily to embark tbem. Tbe Ooremor-Ueoeral 
Ml to lAk« coniuiniid of as army oorjn, and would probably 
btv in tb>i raonw uf a fow ilnyji. It was siud tbat tho Emperor would 
^mnw* the romtn&nd-in-ehiof in {lerBOD. M. de lYdmanville commiini- 
eded all tliia intellifjmcti soberly, nlnwut iloloronsly. for the tiiiTi lliat 
■Siarn bad tnlura inKpiird him witli some anxiety. Ho wax not a 
•pmally Cu'-«ighlr4) man. but lie lind « keen «yc to his own iutereatit, and 
pvraJvxd that, whnU'vcr brilliant proejxxbs an appeal to anus mighb 
, oat to tnilitary mm, it ooold offer iiout whatever to bur«auerfttfl. 
thfr blfrdaM victory would bring no adTftneeminit, whttraui a di** 
r, which would undoubtedly hurl tlic Emperor Knpolmn tram his 
B, would 4>tily Uw wrlninly dwoep away a large proportion of hia 
(mploi-u wiih hiiu. " C\*tjAtfittut" munuured M. deTi^lQOll- 
I in rooirluMOD, na ho rubbed hiii s[.<ccUic]q). 

But iKtbidy [Mill any ntti'iitiun to him — Inagt of all hiH wifet That 
|«triirtic Udy had Mated btu-M-lf IfHore the jiiano, and now, after striking 
a few itirring cLokU, broke foi-tb into th« firet worda of the MareeiUaise, 
Toifio nug through the buuite — 

"AlluM uiTuLt dc la paUtt. 
L« joor d« gtuin al arriTJ!" 

** Join, all of you, at the end of llw' verse," ahe crie<l ; and lier enthn- 

Kmined the mniiuny. They ranged thcuwclyeB m a );;ruup belund 

r, and pmwsktly tho mni of the paaans-hy on the hi^b road cnnght th« 

■onnd of a cbonii which was soon to become very fniniliur^ to 

"Ana wmM, dtoytoa! 
ForiBri MM botaiUoDB." 

tAm, la whom thtt rovoIuUoDsry snog was nnnthetua — M. de 
It wlio waa jwnt Uie a^ for enthuaiaatn — ^Kladame do Ti^oo- 
wbo in h«r hii&rt cared for neither djiiatty, dot eonnliy, nor 
petnoa or thittg except berRolf, all for^ui tbeuuclrm in a stiddcn 
1 id rauilutiuti, and lauiK at thv bif;hait pitch of their voicea, con- 
; with ■ tremnndous shout of "' Vi\y In f'ratux I " 

rhile, M. de Tr^raouvilh', unmoved in tlio midnt of all thin ex- 
it, coDtiniwd to nib his qieelJiob-M in tbe oonter wbore bo was 
afart, inummring, " Cewt fatKevx." 

Influentc of tbe ^inj> on tbt $ol)^. 

A. TEW mootfaa igo we oonndend in Uiesa p^^ Uie mflamoe of 
iUiMM M II m«ntal ■UaoU&tt or mtlMr (m perhaps we migbt htre iHBcd 
the nrticle but fur tbe lOHlua lengtlt of sticb a titl«) the abnonnal acttTftj 
somotimca evincod bjr the mincl afe muoat of gnat bodilj ];ra«batioa «r 
disturbAuoo. Wo propoao now to oouUler tbe aomowluit moro fiuoiliar, 
bnt not len uutlructive plienomeDOo, — tbe atrange influtuice of Oie tniod 
ao tbo hody. Theru are fevr Diicunutauoea iu luental plijnuologjr mon 
flurpriflng when riglitly uaderatood, few perhaps more suggestive, than 
this, tbat ideaA conceived iit tbo niind, — thttt u, na we ate in tbo habit of 
Buppoeing, the teeult4 of pi^occeses taking' piMso la tho grey matter oif tbo 
braia, — sJiouM infliionoe oot onljr volDiitai7 but involuntary bodily pre- 
ooues, nay, not only roHpiration, circulation, ocil so forth, but tlie Tarknia 
procmscs of secretion on whidi thn nutrition of diifcront ptirts of the body 
dtpeuda. There i» no novelty, of oourae, in tbe reoogiutioii of this or- 
cnmstaooe, though we Tenture to expreae the beUef that qitito a lai|^ 
proportion of thoao who may road this article will find consiilerabJe 
novelty id some of the oridance we Bhall adiloceL Bat the fact that Ibe 
relations hero cwusidored Lave long been reoognuoil by pbyaktans and 
8tn(Ii>DU of numtal phyalology, doe* not detract from tJte l[it4M-f3t uf tba 
[nvblcia [mxionbod by tbeeo rvlations. It may tmly be eaid tbat as yet 
they bftTo not been in the least dcgrte explained. Yet tbe prablem is 
not one which appcai-a at a first view so hopdoasly beyond all onr at- 
tempte at solnticH), ns some whicli ora connected wiUi mootnl and oor- 
poreol matters. Wo can undenttAOil. fur iustAnee, that the student of 
mental pliyxiolo^- shuidd nb present turn bopeloMly from the attempt 
bo explain how thougUl &liould in any way depend on chasgte in tbe 
BUbatAJico of the bmin, or again, from tbe tnalc of atlL>tiipting to deber- 
mine how, hy any pitxKHs of cTolutioUt tbe phcnomeoa of coasciouanaB 
should have been develojxHl from ecrebral chnngw which in their 
simpler form ap]Mnr to i-esult in automatic njovemejiU. Btit we liave 
no snidi ewmingly LopdMK problem iu tbe suhjoot now to be cOEiaiJerad. 
For in rtolity it amonntft simply to tbe questian how or wliy certain 
changei in ono pai-t of tbe body lead to changes in otltor pnrt« of tbe 
body. The distinctions between mind and matter, between tbottglit 
and oerobtal aclivily, ni« not here involved. A problem n{>pai«nt]y 
physical, nod [ihyaiud only, is subuiitlcd to oUr invcaUgation. Yet 
hi^rto the aolution of this problem has not been attuned ; nor indeed 
doea tbere wem at pnsenb to be good reaaon Cor regarding it u attain- 


IM w turn, bovtvor, to the conridemttoD of ecrUin romirkahle 
ill iM Jo ri o»i» of tlie ittiloenco of Uid mind on bodily funaions. The 
Mt9«e4 i» •pwBkUj nited for Uie om erf" the bductivo ni«tlwcL Indc«d, 
tlw dkirf diAcally we uv Ukelr fai find in tlie KjijilteatioD of this metbcxl 
in the iirofaaliiltty that our space will be too limitt.'d to afford 
for a single inRtanes of esrh rlaxs of illtiatmtivv OUM. 
By a ooinddeoce it to cfaancM that tiio great mo'Jern adn>cat« of 
th» iadnctive toetbod or rescArch — FiandB Bacoo — snpplioa a v«ry 
iArii<r* piaoa of errideoce u to tho influonoe of the Iraapaatwn on 
■ilaiul (nnrtha whicb aeam to have their ori^n Jo d«5aoiit vitali^ 
«f eertain ptr^x of thn «xt«ina] Btirfincc of the body— act wnrla, irou, 
■■d the lik«. fiaooo did not, ho«r«Yer, Ireat lh« endence alTotdod in 
hk own mm wjlh tb« acumva -vhiob migbt have been cxpecbod froiii 
tW imlective philoaopha-. " I bad from my ehtldbood," be says, " a 
wmrt Bpoa one of my fin^-ii ; oflcrwai-dH, when I wait about sixteen 
yma aU» being then at Farta, thera grew H)wa both my baoda a nunib«T 
«f waria, at Iha least on bnndml in a month's spaee. Tlia Engliah 
■iiil—ailfii'i lady, who waa a woman fiir from supcrstitjon " (a state- 
aant whidi must )w taken cum grano), " toM me one day she would 
help me away with my warta ; whereupon she got o pieoe of lard with 
the akin on, and robbed the warta all ov«r wtlh the fiit tddo ; ajid 
•BMBftt the reat that wart which I hod fram roy childhood ; then alto 
aaOad Uw pieeo of lard, with the fat towarda the lun, upon a post of her 
ihaiiilmi vt&dow, whicli was to tho south. Tb« sncccas waa that within 
4v» wwsfca' Sfaee all the warta were quite away, and that wart which I 
bad so luog endnTed for conii>any. fiiit at the rest I did Httiv loarvd, 
they oatne in a abort timo, and mi^ht go awny in a short time 
; but the going away of that which bad stayed ho long doth yet 

Bacon ooncideied the result of the aporiment to hare been due to 

HBDB symijathy which h« auj^iOMd to odsi between the tani and tho 

vwta affasr they bad ouM been in cootact. It is difficult for us (o 

lUiJsislaiMl how po ahstud an explaaation oould eren for a moment 

hftv* ban •ntertaiDod by Bacon, — not when, aa n mere twy, the ciperi* 

flMttt waa floeoeMfully tried npon him, but in after years, when he had 

ImrmwI to atedy the telationa of cause and oflfect. Tho servant who 

phcaa ■ jnkvT across tho lop bar of the grate, under tho impronon that 

m fa nae occult way the lire wUl he made to bum more artively throngh 

^^Ua amiigement, udduring thU or that cnae in which a fire so treated 

^Kd bona Dp an aafiWii-nt proof that tbo metitod is inrallihle, doea not 

^Kk^ tfl iwaiili (if one can call such a mental proeeHo reasoning) mora 

■haardly than Baocm diil when lhi> cxperiiiKmt which so -' stuck with 

Uai" natflrfH' biru that tho drying of grease which hod ooco touchMl 

Us w«r1a oonld oanss the wails tbemsetTea to dis^lpea^, tliongli the 

akin wsa hung up in onu place while h4> and hiti warta were in other 

aod M oorttact remaned between the warts and Ibe skin of lard. 



If th« (den of toao oceatt «^f»ihy iMrtweeo tit* fiit and tlie wMrtg coald 
tmUy sriaf! In a mind " far from ntpenttKioD," one n-onM snppcae H 
must have ocrarred to Bacon tbat tlie joKtico of tbii Urn ootild bo rat7 
nadnyptit to the teat. He had only to upfily a akin of lanl to Mmo 
one'* wartii, and then siihmit the nkiii to n variety of more aelivi* jim- 
oeaws than uei« snn-dtyiog, itiqtiiring M'lietJim' th« warty penoD found 
sudden relief, andden |«tii, or any eSbet wLntern-, when the lutare of 
such e}tpvrim<-iit<< wiw krpt oonccaled Croni Ui6 nit] jialamt. (^oc nn 
nudsntARil that tht»t> who vero not far from atipontitiOD tnlglit imagUM 
the experiment to "be really ivodfrod ofltccUre liy clmnm, jirargrg, and 
iacantBtions, or 1>y some mystical c«ivmoi)M8 or other wbk-h irero not 
diaeloeed to thi* jiatiant. Wc know that in Bnoon'a tinio, and to a ftr 
later date, the cffirioncy of such magic doriots belierml in by many 
who called thMUM-lvca philosopb^n. To tliia day th>.'rc aro many wbo an 
fboUsh enotigli to tiiduh^ in such )M>1ifdV;. But Baoon regardwl the prO' 
owaof cur«us punly Batumi, thoiigh.iut one would niippoae, thocvidmce 
apuiut Rueh a view should havo appeand iBsnnntnuilBlile to a mnn of 
his niiiKdiing pow(T. We mom, howwver, remember tbm in his <Uy it 
must Lave npptn,rr<l almoHt, if not (]tiite aa nuToamnable to osmiDo Uiat 
tho imofnoAtion could affect a part of the body, as that aome Mci«t 
nympathy might csirt V-twrrn n jiart of tho body and sotop mibstaitcc 
which tutd touebod It. Many N&dors will rcuuubcr that Str Kenelm 
Digby, in a work publixliod oa lato n« 1W8, diimi«3«8 gimvely the fai- 
fluenov produ<»d on a liadly wounded band by Imthing n gnrtor, vrhidi 
bad been stained wilh the blood, in a bann of water wbenrin a <i>rtAtti 
])0wdipr had been dissolved. " As soon us Hm Moody (part^p vnt put 
within tlte baflOD," tlw wounded mnn '^ started tii>ddli>nly m if bo ha«l 
found some strange nltemttcm in Mnualf." *'I aaked htm what be 
ailed ? " proooods tb« uan-ator. " ' I know not what luleA me, hut I find 
chat I feelc no more pain. Mctliinks thai a ploaaiog kind of lV«din»at>, 
OS it were n wet cold iinplcin, did spmnd nv4>r my h«nd, which hnd taken 
away the inflniDmalion timt tormented mo Iicfoi-o.' t n-jdied. ' ^ce then 
that yoa fcol already ao good «fi««t of my meilicammta, I adrise yon to 
cnxt ftway all yora plaiatera; only koep tlie wonod clean, and is a 
niodcmte temper betwixt boat iiud cold.' lliis was fmemtly r(!{>orted 
to tbe Duke of EackinRlinm, nnd a liltlo afh-r to tho King, wbo were 
both Teiy curiouK to know tlie ciirunurtanoe of tli« basiiMno, whidi 
was " (the story ia not so diatinot hero tin coiUd ho wLthm]), " that after 
dinner I took the garter out of the water, and piil it to dry Iwfon a 
good fire. It wna Bcarcc dry, but >Ir. HowoU's mrrant nun't running, 
that bis master fdt as much burning na erer bo hud done, if not mom, 
for the heat was audi a> if bis band woo 'twixt colfui of fire I anavrand, 
nlbbou^ thalha<l happened at present^ yet be should find t«ec jn a Hhoit 
time ; for I knew the ri'a'.on of tliiw ne«- accident, and would pninda 
accordingly; for bin inastn- ahoiild be fVee from that tiidammatloa, it 
m^y bo, before he could powbly retnm to htm ; but in cam be found 



1 vEnbtvl him to ootoe |>re«entl v Imclc Mgxln ; it not, bo miglit 
' cacaiag. Tli««ti{XH) ht: woat ; ami at tlie iiiKUut I did t»it Ngun 
into the wa,tMf : tli«mupon be Touod hia master without any 
&I. aU. To 1» brief, thtTO was no stauw of pnia aiWnnrd ; but 
1 Hvt «r »x Jay* thp iro«nd« wcro cicateiMd, und entirely heftled." 
r«ltn- Scott, in sjiTAliitj;; of such stories ns Uifloe, exjircaseH tlie 
{K»blj the cure miiy have nwiiitwl from the euro -writh 
rwOttud was in tkfl tint plAoc woaIikI. It will ho ob»rviMl, 
r, that Sir Kntw>tm Digby'n aooonnt does not coiistenajiee thte 
IftiatlDn. KcT, if one tonH accept it aa it ntjutds, oould one adopt 
blcft that the !m«g{natkm of the patient |in)iltu«d the ehanges of 
Kng dncribod. For it in cltmi^j Et»tc<d that the patient felt relief 
I b« knBW that tbo garter bftd been ploctKl m the boan of watei* ; 
,tli« p«ln tTtnrned when tlio " chtrurgran" in nnothor house liad 
Aried the pater, and that: tlm imin ilimppearei! before the i-etum of the 
^^■■■■n^ vbo ewrried Ktok the promi'io of relieC If such «tori«« u 
^Hbew wttv current in Itucon's lime, and vere genera]!]- believed, hii 
^Hxptaas^^w of iiio (lisapptnranre of bis vart«, coafinuad im it ^eemH b; 
^■■4mU b* knew of tlie iictiial vircumstaoees, may liavo KrH^niod to him as 
pUltaofUcnl AS to Its it nppcftni alnnrd. 

fe89 tiw fnitb, which {iievailed for many y«iuft afl«r Baocm's time, in 
^Beu7 of thn Royal Tooch must be regai-ded an hasod to fionie 
n« on rTidriinp, thoogh tho eTidcaice was mUundRrstood. In days 
m may b^ioved that a certain ditibity dotb hed^ a ^iog, it vraa 
Baltnvl that iti the 6nt place the imoginatioUK of those folks of feeble 
vitalUy and often of drScdont mcnt&l power, who went brought to longs 
la b« tooirhed, Mhonltl h^ fo fiir aflrtctcd ax to cntme meh bodily changea 
■■ «• now know to \» produced by a strongly excited ImiigiiiAtion, and 
that fai tbc aoooDd plaoo tbe peraonx tbua cur«d and those who hatrd of 
Mdl «tnTK wlioul'l a tiriliutJ! Ihv effect to the virtue of the kingly touch, not 
to tba inflornw of mtm nif^ntol procwMe. Dr. Todd, in hia /n/?u«>i«r o/ 
Ike MimJ fn tkr lio'ty, (jitotea a sangalar pa«^ from a book by Prow ii« 
gf yorvteh, Kiir]^n to King Charle* IT. — a book rejoiein^ in the titti» 
jtd^mocf'ttirad'Joffia ; nr, a TmUita of Olanduirs, ami t/tr. Iloyal Oi/t of 
if<Wiiv/ theVi, *' A Noooonibnnict rliilil, in Norfolk," nays Browne in 
tha paaaa^ ivfomd to, "bdn^ troubled with DcrofhloiiK ttwellings, the 
Uto JBBeiia>H 9r Tboman Brovnn. of Norwich, being oonaultod alxnit 
1^ auna, hia MiyiMty bninfr then nt Itreda or Britgee, he advised the 
ita of the diild to haw il carriM onir to Lhe king (hia own metliod 
dbaI tuedectiully) ; the fathf-r iM>nied very Strang at hia adric«, 
attivly dndad tl, nying the touch of the king wax of no greater 
than any otim man's. The uuther of tlie ehild, vUiering to the 
JH)(or'» * ' ' Sed all i miijflnable means to have it over, and at hut 

piwrwlnl ■-. noriaad to bit it diangn the nir for three weeks or a 

inantb : ibia hdnf gnmled, tho bienda of tho diUd that vrent wttli it, 
abltMiwii la tha fiilJier, mrried it to Bredi, witoro ch« king touchod It, 



mid die tHmned hooM perfftctly bulftd." The worthy doetor is caMfiil 
that tlio tooral of the fttvy tbonld not be oTer1ook«d. " The child being 
come? to it« fntiier'B bottde, and ho finding so groat ui kltenttoa. inquir« 
how hi* daiigbt«r arrivMi at thia henlth. The Mends thcrenf ssmrad 
him, thiit if he would not be nngiT' with them th«y would ifUito th« 
whole tniUi ; tboj LaviDg bis promise for the suu«, naaured hiin thejr 
had tlie ohfld to be toocbod at Breda, vhereby tbev apparmtl; tt4 him 
aee the great benefit his child reoei¥ed tberoby. Ilereupon the fnUier 
becaiDD ao Anuued that he tbz«w off his Konoooformity, imd expranod 
hifl thanks in thia manner : — ' Farsirell to all diasenten, and to all noo* 
oonfoiTaists i if Ood can put so moch rirtac into the king's band an to 
heal my child, I'll serre that God and tbnt king m> long »■ I livo, with 
all thankfolnem.' " It was found lat(>r tlmt Hanoverian kings had 
the same power aa tho Stuart, even oa old Aubr^ bad not«d of th« 
Yorki»t and lAmwitrian kingR. "The curing of the King's EvU," he 
stdd, " by the touch of the king, don much puzzlv our [diilosopbcra, for 
whttther our kinga were of the hotuo of York or LAncMt«r, it did th« 
cure for tlie most part." And so no doubt it would if the patient had 
been touched b}' one of the Uentlemen of t)>o Bedchamber, or by tlie val«l> 
of such ft one, or, in fine, by Tom Noakea or John Htyleti, ao only that the 
fietioDt was fully persuaded he had been touched by the ri^tful moDanh. 
Another "royal perM&age" ntcoeeded (by a coincidence siiigular 
enough, at the eaue pWe, Breda} in curing a ntmiber uf men of a much 
moi-e actire disorder, thougli in thia caaet the imagiuutaou was «ide<! 
chiefly by tli« idcM suggested by medicine bottlw of orthodox »b«pe, 
not solely by futVi in royal blood. During the uoga of Broda. in 1630, 
many soldieis of Uio Pi-ince of Orange's army were pnwtnte with aoorvy. 
Tbo mortAlity was eeriauB, the patients having altogether lost b«ut. 
" This," Bays Dr. Frederic ran dcr Mye, who vraa [tfcsBnt, " was lh« 
moat teniblc drcumstanco of aU, and gave rise to a TarlBty of miaeiy ; 
hence prooeodml t\ux«*, drojwim, end evexy ipecios of diatren {emna 
ehaoa mfnrborum), attended wibli a great mortality." At length the 
Prince of Orange cent woixl to the sufTcrcrs that tbi^ should aoon be 
relieved, and provided with medidoee pronoonoed by doctora to be woo- 
dci-fulljr efficacious in the care of Rcui'vy. " Tlin^e small phials of medl- 
dnu wor«; given to each physician, not enough for the recovery of two 
patieuta. It wu publicly given out that three or four drops were xnffi- 
cieot to impart a healing virtue to n gallon o£ liquor." " We now," 
nays Van der Mye, " displayed our wondw-vorking balwms, nor were 
even tho commanders let into the socrot of the cheat put u|x>n the 
soldiers. Tbcy flocked in crowds about us, every one eoliciling that pari 
might bo n.<«<rved for tbuir use. Cheerfutueeti again appeals in orery 
countenance, and a antii'craal faith iirovaihi in tlie aoverogD virtue of the 
mniedy. . . . The oflbctof the delosion was really astouJBhing : formaoy 
quickly and perfticUy reeorered. Such as had not moved their limha for 
a month bcfor« were aeen walking the atnnts smmd, npright, and hi 





^RwfrplhtlUL TbOjr IvafiUKl of thuir euro liy Lite Princu'a n-medy. . . , 
^TiMttf who tlaclatvl tJui th«y bud bM-ii rendertvl worao hy atl fortnor 
nacdaM, rucov^rcU in » fetr dan>, lo tL«u- mexpre«»ibk joy, iukI tin oo 
iMi gn««l mrpriM, by taking (nlmotit by Uiwr bnnng biiiiight to tliRin) 
tIhI we Affirmed to bo their tp^utioua I'rittei^t eurt," We may nild that 
Qfi aiMtliv oocanion widesprMd sentry witA suddeoly oure'I in a very 
£fl«mt w«y ! it is BtaU<d on ^od autbority. nays ]>r. Todd, " tb&t in 
1744 Uw prospect uf a hawI L>ij^<;(<tucDl betwoea tUo DritiBti and nllicd 
ttoA fand dw «&et of eheokiDg Uio Murvy." 

Benny bohig retateil cl<ue]y to diitordnt) of a l(in<l which bitvo beon 
kaowti in muiy runrn to yidd to tbo Action of tho iuingiruition, t-ho nxMlcr 
Hj Wmaro atrudc |>robikbly by caiiefi in which tlie actual progrcmof 
nlcviMl orgatiic diaoucs wnuM amm to hnvn been nrrested by jMychical 
mnum, 9aa» thirty ymn ngo (^r Jolm Kni-b<'M mentionod »umo rrtiimik- 
aU»ifiMAO0«of tliiit liitKl, which hud Iwrn dtsaibcd lu a vnrj* iDtciu«L- 
iac IMfcr eoiutuumcat«d lo the liritUh arnt Forti-fn Naval Hevicte by n 
tKtni wargtion whoao hi^h ch&ract4>r wiu well known to him. Most of 
tham aMra on) not such as could bo advnnta^eoiuUy dmcKbcd in full in 
tbrae !«$««• Xb(^ foUotnog accoimt, one of th^ most sirikiai;, faAs been 
aod vtrlnllf modified (not at all aIt«itKl in «menlialK) to rcndwr 
•aHablo for otir raulvni. In Jnly 1S4-*, tbo n>i]i]Miny of a 
wuent thip were att*eked by an 0]>idunio cotnplaint, whicli in tho 
' ioBtADcn tw) to a acTere form of dysentery. Among tliowt wIm 
nflmd matt waa a fitst-cloBB petty officer, who, though ho had had but a 
bIU Altaick of (lyw>iil»ry, luu) Inon idiivL distr«iued by Bome of th« 
■■t|iinh of the diwralcj-. To iruiovi- tlu-nc, very i>owcrful medicinca had 
beea eaployed, and ■acetufully, save in thi» rMp«ct chat iiit«nao irrita- 
tiuB of ilie Btuniach bad been prodaced, from which tho [Nitioiit Kiifl^rod 
umetiy. Kxt«rt»l irritaota wore employod until the poor rollow'» akin 
Iwiiii |«rf«eUy oUloiw; nedativo«i were giveti imtil his seiuat w«« 
■odilM ; but h» Mi>m<id to ubtuiii ttut tho h>Mt relief. " Tbia being ao," 
my* Die «-Ht«r, "I d«4«rmuied to try the «fl«ct of mental influiaio& 
Suting w him, tu I did tu tho othw men, that oa his diiitnw wnH niotii 
otwlinBle. m was (I uecoauunr to hnvu rocourso to dcsperale meatiM to 
nlvv* it; liwt with bin lanciiaii 1 would th<M;i<fAre put him tindcra 
■MilirlTin wbkh it wan iiaoeaMry lo wiitcli with tJio gmtmt attention 
kat tl^ cflflctaahould favv* hhmI prt^udtcial, porhnpH fatoj, and m forUi. 
HaviitK by thnaa atateatanfai m«la au impr«Kinn, it Imumo noc«mary lo 
laffi [i np. Thui was dona by npaated viwt«, ai all hour* of the day and 
MKbt, aii<I by rx[>rvning on Hmw oocaaioiu tho mont inteute Hudoty an 
tb« elEsct of tti9 r&y powarftal and dougerooH medlaanoata, 'V\m 
I Dofc • isawi in whinh a anthJcu cffbct maid l>o rxpoctcd to bo pro- 
what«rm' uiftltt Im tb4 ni«aba employod. Syoiptoma of diaawt 
i which bore loo cluw a rMunblanon to tliun of an orgprnic onfar 
Id admH of hope of a aadden, if eveu of tardy relief." ( 1 1 will l« m»u 
ftmmldj thai nnmhrtakab)* orideoeo wna aflarwardB obtuiaod of tho 

VOL. JU.— AD. 336y 6. 




gxislenco of Huch orgnnir iiuMrhieT ok tlie wirgam nt this limo fe&nd.) 
" Henoc tlie pilU (AtrW, of ooarae) wete pven every sutUi boar only. 
Within twenty-finir boura the uulq'k sufferings ven deddodly Ie». 
WitlitD four (liL}-s he «-m almoHt frro from p*ui. On the sixth day Ua 
was fjuito mi; hia pillx -v-pm omittAl : «nd at the cntl «f a fottaiglil Ite 
w&s agnia at Anly witti a clear ajre, a baalthy akin, anil was ni{itdlT 
regaiiuug Uu fkeh, Uere, aa iu mwl cnaea 'wbeso Uut method liaa boeik 
tried, tliH djpt and drinic bave been left tmrestiieted. OcxiDaioiuiIljr, bow* 
L-vrr, il Wtumc occcaBanr to tjiboo sonio article, lent ite coining in oontact 
vitli the n^naedj might pr«vo in««t dcatructivo ; in other wotUa, niticka 
w«ni oocHnonally forbidden wb»u th« mint! i«emii to b« tncliocd to lose 
sight of what touitt be ma4o the all 'important subject of thought bj 
taght and day. The woodc-rful imfiroveiDent in thia man's stato vm 
fm|uently oommenled on by both officen and meo, who of ooumo wot, 
and etill ar«, as little acquainted vitb tbo moans coapkyed as tlie jiatiBnl 
himself was." 

This ca«e is so remarkable that we might well be diajraaed to oonndBr 
tbot the Una's rare was not to reality cffivtcd by t1i» means to which the 
m^ooo attrihtitml it. Might not the illnnu, for imiCancd, havo bcoa on 
tb» point of yinlding to the reoiodicR a»od before the meotal method was 
tried 1 Of may there not have been eomo other cause at work 1 for to 
mitntioD no other, a poticot on board ship may have duiig«s of climate 
unlike tiiQuc ordiiiui-ily osporicnccd by tho patient on land. One fl»ht 
dispoaotl at H first view of Uio owe to prefer itn (ajtlnnntioD based on the 
possibility of nomti such catuie«i an thera hnytng acted, tlian one whiob in 
reality requLrett iia to believe that a man (luid one too, be it r«muabflnd, 
not ft)tecially tnuned, like Rome f-jistom devotees, to 8x his att««ntioa fl^^^f 
stantly oti Wis iiiteiior], iiy tbinkinR con&tjuidy about the good <Hl<3ot^^^| 
a supj[Mwe(t medicine upon his Btomneh and inteAtin»s, coidd actually 
cause organic changfs to take jtlnoc iu thrae vitorra. The case would 
fchf>n 1x1 a einjiiiiUr introvcnion uf the state uf things described by 
Macbeth. Ho says, "Ctuwt diou not minii^er to a miad diaa««K)l" 
But here the pliyaicinn thruwa his phywo on one aide, not hecaosa be 
cannot niiiii«t«r to a mind diaeoaed, but beoauae hn belierw a healthy 
mind haa the jrawer of ministering bi a diseased body whim physic haa 
altogether fuli^). The mtmoty (of bread pills and of their iniagisad 
potency) was here trnrted to plnek fi-om tbo intestine a rooted ti<oub1e, 
the brain wim t-alleil ujmi) to nuc ont the written trou)il«« of the Ktomnch. 
fov it BjipcarL'd nfUrrwiLrds that tlieee troubles tnvrv written (at least in 
tho poetic anna !n which Shokspeaio uses the word). They lind, »t any 
ratt.', iiiu'le iheir mai'k. Lot th« resi of the story be carefully noted. 
" It uuiy be said," procoeds the narrator, " tliat this case, as above givbn. 
gom for nothing, in so far ns it does not sliow that the poina were any- 
tliii^ bfit c&snnl ; in which case any other mode of trvatmvnt, or imy 
iikely no niMle At all " (Houbtieas the rmdirr has already thought of tlie 
]niribility that the medidnta made most of the mtsdtief ) " would have 




sncoeasful ; nr U may bo a];iun. ai iC hfta befijre Iwsd said, 

"ft^ diiiMW, prcmnaably] " wu altof^otliw f(Ngn«-'l, iind thnt tho 

[ offiav wuald b&re mnde a better Hud qoiokor cura. ] think 

•imI for tlu> followiiij; reaaoim : Uie niiui'a llcsh hud wasted ; bis eye 

I •tmkoa ; hu sidn tdckly in hw.', tut wdl na in ioolin^i bis sleep, 

ba bhi any, wax at th?. mMl dtidurbeil ch«rad«r. BoC toon Uuo 

all, Um [Mia aflcr nome vrvvkii retuni'Mj, and Uie other Iwd symptom 

faHowJ in ita wukn ; y/i Aot/t »f a»d t/ifjf vMre bolh rtluved a tfeond 

timt ly (Ar mimr nfotv. Wliilc KuflbriD^ froiD a third attack he wm 

jMt U> the Koyal Kaval Il<j«^itol at Malta, and thete, after much 

aBBving, b* braugbt op Irf vomiting a portion of the miiootiii membrtiiB 

of ma of the aaall iatcBtitwi "... olaarly rcoo^oisabln by a well- 

baiawd DAdiMl ey». " I am <listiiietly aHored," aays our author, " by 

MM of tfaa offia«ni of the establishment, tbab La most carefnlly exajnined 

tki iJBOUd luattor, aod that its chantctcra iran «o markud thnt tliore 

im na room for a doubt bn to what it won. Thia hnJn^ nn, vr<> hjivc 

' dear pntof that dueane existed Iodj; before thlt ntoti^li wan ihruwn 

' attd tbat awa tbut organic diseaae was suspended, oo two oocanons, 

ital inUoenoo only." 

"nw tfat^oo bow hr it ia a Ici^timntc medical practice to decciro a 

■i in rad) • oue as tho above ha« boon raiaed by Dr. Todd, and in 

by him in a way wlitch »eem& opea 1o oliJAclioTi. " Notiiiug," 

Itaiija, "eaa justify our atoortin;!; what in uot trtw in ortlnr to gain tho 

piliHit^ cmifideDoa" And elsew-horo, " in regard to misleading patienta 

fecBraOy, erao cavsd •cknIup, oqo of tJie pmcUca) difficultioa tJie tn< 

wti g ilioii int» tlio inHuoAM ot tho imaf^inntion proiwata, ia certainly the 

HMiBiUiHMK of making axptrimaila of tliut nature, and tba danger of 

mlQyiDg tlua strict boowir which by no profeniDD » more priiwd or 

^^MaiolaiiMd than by the profeaaon of the medioal Art." Iftha catuo wcro 

^■iitf of ■ntnea alone, tiiui emphatic o{^MMitk)n. to the mi^ilfiadtng of a 

^Tfatimt nay l« rrvai-dod as justified. But tbero curtainly moms iin excoM 

B af atnctacaa in obif<ctii)f( to tlio dpceplion of a patient for bia own good. 

l/adoctor U pi-rfixtly Mtintieil thnt a putieiit will tiot rvtmver without a 

■tmm BMolal udbrtiond that tliiactiort will oortAUtlynol bo madounteAs 

ibi patimt ia mialad with regard to the natam of the treatmmt, the 

ioctormi^' ' ^^t it hin dirty to "aaaert wliat is not tme to gain 

Ibi pMwi< ' An n<llu>r«>)oe to veracity ao Rcmpulous ua to 

oatwdg h tlift life of a teUuv-cnsture may ajipear deaerTing of ndmimtion 

•ken 4ealt with iaatrfattan on morals, but in actual lif« would bo 

■haptbvr object ioruitlilp. If it Iw urj^il t>int Ulirrty to devtnte in khuo 

Meb caan from suict tnitli migtii lie open to abna^, it may at once be 

f Wia warad that ao ahu would liberty to select tbo strictly voracioua oouraa 
(imdnr any ein-nnwtancaa) fa* <f)en to abuso. Conndcr, for instance, 
Ibe feltowlng case, which is by no meaua an iniaginaiy one. A man ia 
\jimft pv«atrat« luider a vory dangerous iUnoae, and it ia known to all 
■bo att^oil rm him tlmt anv wrara mmtat Khock muat inoritnbly provf 



Altai to hitn, bat tlutt if for a ff^ dAjv Iia am he. kejifc froe from tnottto] 
ditXtirimm-tt lie wi]| recover. He Mnds » mMnongw to inqnire aljonl tlio 
hnltL of A Unloved RlaUre whom h« Iebowk to be iii n oriUaJ oomlition, 
or PX[ioBrd {wrhnjis to wnne BpedHl romi of danger dixtinet ftrMH HIdmr. 
Tbo mFKspngGi-, 'wliini ho raditB that rrlntivi^'a liouae, is inform^ that 
dwth bM bcnn then b«foro htm. Shftll be relun and tell tbe patient 
the truth, tbwrtthj cftrtainl; kilting liin 1 Let it \m AMUtned tb&t bo 
must At any rat« tiike some mmngn Inck ; [>ratr*rtc<l nnxivty heiiig, k4 
■a aHmimn, oa dAOf^eroii!! far thn [wtient lui tJin ffnddiii itlioek of fllnmit 
He can (lu oalf one of two t)iiii)f)i: — tell tbo trutli and kill, or «Mnt 
whAt U tiot true and w\vue the pfttiont'e Ufa Fov vill qtieetton what be 
mifihi in do. Rut tho i\nmti<m tuny he raised, is hv to br* regnnlfld even 
ii» fnv to oboocot Ho holds for the time being the patient'H life in hU 
kanda; ho can kilt or Rpare ; if ho kilb, hnvr i>hoi)ld h« escape repto- 
hntion t And inij^ht he not be bo situated that ULerty to cbodw ono or 
other courso mi^ht bo abitscd if bo told tho truth 1 Hi* flital vtsad^ 
might iiot bo Uio otTNjirinf; of a t«>n(U>r non^tpn^p, l*ut at t^f^ed or Mune 
other evil juLtHioT). Th<- doctur in ihv ca.<H-» coiihidtirud by Todd in ecnne- 
'whiil Rimilariy circiini»t4Uiopd. H« is wttUficd tliat there ie a ciiaaoe, at 
any mto, of saving life, if hiit patient in nHturcd Uiat eertain mbstaocea 
are tnmhcincA potent to ciiic, la he JQati6od in rvfiuin^ to bin patient 
this chnnro nf life I Poi^toTw nii)*ht ltn<fll■^flti^n.^l>ly iim> for a wrong 
puqtOKu tilt' riglil of iriL^Iendiiig » [laliDiit fur hm goud; Imt tbcy mi^l 
uw for n vrorw pur^wso tbe right (if tlivy {jwattwed it) of kilting him with 
the blnnt truth. 

A nin^tilar CdRc, bonring in noinn degree on tlio right to inishwl a 
)>aticui, wftif described a few oionths Af;o iu a [^Uic addtvas by a well* 
knowu AniVTican liovtor. A yoiing liul^ in one of tbo Wesiom Statae 
ma oonriucod thai a briatlo of her tootb-briwh had become imbedded in 
h<<r>nt, and wan caunng mischief Uiero, which would tcmioate fotally 
if ibn fuiKign l>ody vfire not romored. The family doctor, and aflor him 
Bovurnl |ili,VHiriaaa of nrpulei oaamined her throat, and all ogrwd in 
assuring hen (which reially wns tbe case) lliat then was no hriatlo thon> 
at all. She cfiotinued to ftrow worac, the imn^nnry bristle caoung all 
tJio effects which a ronl hriiitlo niif^it [terhnps hav« «auMd — at any rates 
all tbe etfrcts vrhiclt »1ic iiiiiigiiiii] lliat a real hri>tla would cause. At lost 
u young mirgeon wiiAconKultni, who followed adiflbronl tiooof troatrnmL 
Looking 1on}t and cnrefully at her throat, and examining the alHiotod 
[RirL with M>T<aiiI iuatrumenta. he at Inst gravely .■uwiiivd Iter tli»t «be 
wiM <|uitv riulit ; ii briHlc was there, mid thf inflaiuuiation elMi ^> 
pmioDeixl 'iTMn imdottlitnlly dnv lo iU H» itxild nut, h<i sitd, temov« tlie 
brittle at once, aM tho only instrument whicb would efRvtUally read) it 
vaa ai home. He wunt liomc fur it, as be said, bnt reaUy to enckee in 
an iiwlniuumt ofnuiuble foi-m n brittle fii^m n tooth-lmieh. Retaming, 
bo dirvfully iiiiii>e<l the skin of the throat whrie IJio young liuly felt tbe 
pricking of tbf noii rsititf'nt bmtlf^, and aftoi- fmmin* Iht enough die* 

— ^'^ 

ilryLUKfCE OF Tns uikd os i;a£ body. 

Mnbci 10 Mtiafy lier thnt tlua tioin the oitemtioD of exti-ucting tlio 
Mrtk was eetUinly in progretts, be witli<li-ew tiM> instniuient in tritimph, 
aoJ •long wit}) it tho hrisile, which hiul ui(lw.i] first cnu-i-cd lit-r moutli 
In thAt iBfttnuucDtH ootnpany. From th/kt liui« mIia noovcivU ntpklly. 

tt wilt ho niwlurBt«0(l th»L tiioiiKh tbon wm no ml caitno fur li»r 
a rml irrilatiMn liiul Ikicii 4vciU'<l )iy Lliein, nml orgMiitc miM-litnt 

roMiIbMl. Tit" ftory omli here to frtr m out pj-wsnt :>iil<iwt in 
flODOMiwd, tfanutrli fut a tiilt' it may spciq to tunny iii€oiu[>)ttte witJtniit a 
few wonia nion. The youn;;; ^^iii^^t^n, wa aia bild, wna hi^lity in likT'our 
rtliwftmh Hn hail not oti)y mivmL hnr lifd, iw sh« 8n[>i>aFi?<l, but h«l 
•bowti bmr to havi> b««ii i%lit, nnd all lior fri«n(Li, »» well as tlu other 
dodon. Wrong, tjho wonM havo ntx-rptol hb hand but foe lii« otrcum- 
■tUMV iJiat, bavini* lUmtriy n »'iri>, he ntniltcd to oflnr it. She Ukzoiied 
almaul hin fiuue, howi-vor, titittl bo hiul become fumoiui " Lbroughout Uid 
whcib^ Staf." All voiild Itnvo coiikd pleasantly bad ho not in a moment 
mt w^ikiMB oDufid«l the tniB explanation of tliu yoiiUL' I vty'e cun> to his 
vife — ofeoano. under promise of striri rxvrciy which, liowuvor, did not 
ptwntt the ntory flrom nncliiiig the ycnng lady's eiini in a few hotirx. 
It b bardlj neetuuy U> aay that iheooeforth h«r fedingH tovardii tho 
«n« the i«*ene of ihoM abe had enterliuu>ed l>eforc. True, ahe 
wnl li<ir eutv to litoi, but the cnra was wotm thnn tbv illui.-ns. 

Intlkc OIK last comndard, which, buitreutmiburcd. actiiitlly occurred, 
lb<pil(b probsbljr BAUO oT the surrounding* von a little altdheil by tbo 
ttatTMlor, the tniUj, Hupjioi-tixl though it wim by tlio weight of auUiority, 
SMkt flf ODO doctor only bnl urM-renil. was Totind ineflettive U> aruu>« tlio 
will of the p«ti«nt even acainnt a dinwxo which hud bod its origin in her 
inapiMliun uuly. We may well doutt then whether, if iho inlluence of 
tfc» Bund on Iiodily proc c wwe were thoi-oii^bly rocoxniacd and ndmitted, 
II mold bo fonnd powihlD to prodiwe the mma edi'cl by a dii-ect and 
tvMlklWl ap{iOKl to the will, an by mialeAillDg the patient. That nomo few 
ftHPtiB pf ttrong will could by a revoluteellort check (lie prooess of actual 
&«an in their intrmni orpuin, or oxoite prooeKSen of organic rhan^ 
MHiltio^ in cure, may be admitted,* but it must at the mmo time be 
KdnitM) that in the lai^ m^ority of cases this would nut ba|»pcn, i>vcn 
ITtlw ]»tiflat cotihl be perRuuded to mako the ntteujit. It in only wlivn 
<aa of coatnil that the flnlJoaty BUlid is cai*ahle of 'Urvctin^ the 

* Til* wvitiF offin l>LA Tilt'^iii^ *!i[wrli.-fire wlth fiau iJillSdefii^e, )-o.<jtiitu IIm 

lArfa Mppwtid tu Ihtc rrniliKl fiun nn cArit »f %hr luind amy be athuminT cx- 

ilEWt— t'U**'Uy vm ilo' I'> lU' n- I'lilmilnhM-. Alill. j>«rh rffrcuhairo liocn iiutjred. 

any hm m. tjial ba I* dt«|»»-iHl lii eipUin them in ilie tray HifVMtsd. Ii I>u 

lU; lupfvaMl til limi IJiAttliirinf a bu*v wmJE, lortiught, or monlh oS iMluribg, 

bhaa nalicwl livii' of m rncifnamr. <nU— »ach tign» na uuJvf uMiaMiy pondit lona 

hatr Lmwi nearly alvnp follom I liy a mtctd culii wiili Iom uf vo'icA. Now, hu baa 

-'— — -'"•■■■ 'K" tn^ri'yof iaoui-M of Ihit kind, nopsth imiubI In* (nllnawl, 

^!iir i-an bu ^urn tiikmtaehrck Iha ]>r«0Tra of tlu eohl than at 

wun i'Tv^ M B M dienih tha atraoi focUiigihat btmuil mt taktevld prmiDt*^ 





atttittinD fixed); in tixn nmj requjiw). And of eoono^ in Ihs grart 
nujoritj of cam tin doctor hu to Ami vrilh men of tntUiMiry miDd. not 
Mth tbo«e poawuiiig itrotig p««er of tbuug tb6 Mleutioa, *u<l nstolute 
will to exert that power. 

Wliat Diigbi bo hoped iront minda of such Bzae|itioRal iiowcr we mtiy 
leum from Mveral tn«t*n<>« which btivo beeo rMorded in the histut? of 
medicitie. Among the mo«t renurkahle ts the mae of Andrew Orone^ 
the eleotriciaa — » cmd ao i«iu»rkal)l<>, indcnj, that wvrc it opm to doubt, 
•>iie might be diipoHod torKJoetitM iocrediblff, orstanynte m cxplicnblft 
ID ad; other way than as ao inabuioe of th« power of the mind over iho 

Oro«o« had boes bitten aererely by a oit, which on the nine day died 
from hydrophoiiia. He seenu rtaoluldy to have dismissed from hia mind 
tha tfnn wliich must naturally have been su^gpHted by thete circiua- 
atancee. Had he yiHdei) to them, &s mnat mou would, be ni{^t not 
improbably have miccimihed within a few days nr wtcks to an attack of 
mind-create hydropbobia — » to deecrib* tho fatal ailment which n* 
now tuut Imn known to kill persons who bad beuu bitten by animals 
perfectly free from mbia, Thnw months pained, during which Ooew 
enjoyed hia ubuaI Ii4>a)th. At the «ad of that time, however, he fait one 
morning a severe jwin in his arm, accompanied \vr severe thint. He 
called for wat«f, but "at tbo inataoC he mys, *'tbat 1 was about to 
nise the tiimhter to my l^a, a strong Rpuun shot octobs my throat; 
immcdiAtcly the tcnible oonvie^n came- to my mind tlint 1 was aboat 
to Tftll II victim to hydr6)>bobiA, tb« con^oquonco of th& bita Uint I had 
received from the cat. The ngony of mind I enduretl for one hour b 
indeeorilMible ; the oontcmplatnn of such a horrible death — dmth iitin 
hydrophobia — waanlinmit ini«ii)>portabla; thetCHrmenta of hell itaelf onuld 
not have aut^Mwed wliat 1 «iillrrei). The pain, which bad firHtoommenoed 
in my hand, paHwd up to the vlbow, nod from theoco to the ahoaldV) 
threHtunin)^ to extend. T fbit all buoiau aid was nsel<K)^, and I^believed 
that 1 must dip. At lenRth I U'gnn to reflect Hpon my mnditioa. I 
■aid to myaeir, * Kithcr I tliall di(> or I shall uoi; if 1 tlo, it will only be 
A similar fiite which many have aufferml. and lunny morv mual sulTer, and 
I must imr it like a man ; if, on tbo other liand, there is any hofia of 
my life, my only chanoo i» in summoning my utmoA rcaolntion, defyiag 
the ultiick, and exerting every effiirt of my tnind. Accordingly, feeling 
that physical wt vtell an mental exertion wae neoeHsary, 1 look my gOD, 
sbonldifTed it, and went out for the purpose of shootii^, my arm aobii^ 
the while intolerably. I met with no sport, hut / uniJt»it ikt wktAt nfUr- 
noon, cxerti/iy nt every atrp I went o tttvy mtm/nl fff^rri ayninft tJtf 
dUtOM. When 1 returned to the honso 1 was d«ci(I(>dly letter ; 1 was 
able to eat aume dinner, and dnnk water as tunisL The next outmiog 
tha acbuifc pain had gone down to my dbow. the following it woiit down 
to the wrist, and tlie tbird day left me altogether. I usnlifDM) the 
drcumstAUoo to Dr. Kinglakoj and hi; mid ho oortainly conaldered I had 


liwlakttttKli ot iiydwpitohia, wltidi would [XMinbly l»ve {woved fntal 
bvt 1 not otrugglnl aguart it b; « stro&g effort of aund." 

■ It mauaa to tui not nnlikel/ tliat thu vase, besidw illuiitntiiig tlm 

|Mnrar d the mind in xmmting <hsemae, migLt aenre, if carefiillr f>tiidiecl, 
to tlmiw light oQ Uie ttatiira ot (iydtx>pliol)ia. Wo must a»«iinie, it 
■hoold aecan, tlwb the uund con only act on the bod^r hj Di«aiui of the 
Darrw^ whidi indeed maj be regarded lu simplv outJ^ring branchea 
frem lb* gnuid n«rvo-trunh — the bnun. Bj strong moatAl cfTort tho 
nmn m sjntem, rftbM* n» a whole, or iti aome special region, i« ilirown 
tiii» ■OBiH cooditivn wkivb u not tb( uuruuil coudilioti, »ud in ibis 
■taonnHlalaCo infloancee in some sjtecial nuuiner the other tiaaueo, eitb«r 
of tbs body ks n whole, or of tbe pnrt of the body tn which tlio nervcH 
U* tbm thrown into an abaoroud 8t«t«. Now it socus by no uenos 
iw|iiMrihln lo Bseertiiiii czperimentftlly what is llie chiuigo of cundilioii 
Ihas hmoKht about by mental cflbrln to direct otienlioo to npeoiul ptu'Ui 
of the body. TUo rooOfpiitioD of tho possibility tliat tlie progrM* of the 
liTdnptiobiodueawiiithebodyuisy Ik< .iTresle'l by iiit«qxMUig initJiwRy, 
M It wwab ■ barrier of iwtouii system in this abnormal ooadiiton, might 
taneeiTably aaggett same apecifio remedy for tbe disease, some process or 
■wdiaunevit by vhidi this abnormal condition might be broiight about 
tft OMW wbore 11m miud and wiU woi-u not sufficiently {nwerful lo {iro- 
4oa raeh ao ^ttevt witliout aid (mm witbout^ 

BaaMBbcring tba resvinblance between aome of the phi-nomcoa of 
hydrofiwbia and of lock-jaw, tJto followini; caao, in which the cure of 
loriE'jaw waa nttrihut^J to tba tuw uf metallic tractora, further illustratM 
tbt* inrtlndar point, fur it wan Bubsefiiumtly anHiciMitiy demonittrateit 
I that all the rwmlU of mfttallic tmetoriam oould be o<)uaUy wcJl jirodnceil 
^fckrhh wtioden or boue tractors painted to resembia motnllic oiiea— in othei' 
^^werdar that tiwy were Miroply eSocta of imagination, strongly excited by 
tba baliif thai raetnlli« tractora bare poworfiil (^iimtira ptfect<i. Tha 
meeamnt i» siren by the late Mr. John Vine Uall, of wbom Dr. Todd 
^^iwaaarks that hia Tstitcily was ti]iim|<eacbablc: — "Urs. P., a pow 
Hkrocuan ia Whoif Iau6, Jlaidaton*', was *soi«!d with a loclc-jaw four daya ■ 
Hbgei aikd oontiQucil in n niwtt deplormblu statu, lUt^ndoJ by a pb>'siciaa 
^feed m evtfeon, till thia inoming, wbt^n ahe wna complvtoly cufmI in fifty 
niantM by tha appUoatton of tbe tractora. The medical gantlenwD liad 
^^^agagrting thanntlvin ia the utmost, in tbe kindest manner, and one 
^^^^kn aaid he vonld pve a hundred gnitieas if he eonid save bar liJa 
HRb geDtloman came intii the roan -while I was in the act of using the 
BhMlanw vhkh h« had uevar men b<£»«, b<il kindly aaid they ahonld 
errtainly bani a fair ctinnc», and lie dirwtnd m« where to ap])Iy thorn 
with tha greatest adrantage. I contiiiuM iJm operation for forty 
■iaolM witlMiiit any appanat lienofit, and tliiii giviui; llw tractors tulo 
U>» hMsda of tbe iiUKwrn, teturonl Ui niy own \Miim, awaiting the tMoe 
their ftirthar application. In about [welvo niinutea the ntrgeesi (ilbt, 
L) «aaw brealhleM with t mtU tatA delight to inform m« that ha bad 



himself oontinned the uae of the tractors only tea rainutes wbeo the poor 
crmture ojiciimI her mouth. Mr. S. wax so fuUy peiwuidoi] of the 
efficacy of tba trnctoni that he uoincdi*t«l]r purchased n pair for kis own 
aw. Mr. S. writw: 'Tho caM is yount, the suggesiion was yoom; I 
merely oootinued the euiiloynicnt -or Lha raewuro Cron the appai-eut 
lielpUiftieBS of Di&dical ia«&iui ia ruli«rjng ttia diAta«Baiitg compUint. 
Althongii |>reTiou£iy to U>e employtncnt of the tnuiton I had utterly 
given up tho iilm of sannx niy poor |»tient ; slthon^ I fewnl luolinoc 
woiiM prove wholly infAicncioiis, y«t I am not propuvd to say tbot 
certiiia donth would liuva boeii tho remit ; hat I do Dut> for a nwuwut 
jaou) to impeach the «IIeci of tlie ti-ncton iu thu cue, I fed eoo- 
Tifltion Umt tbi-y jirotluood tho cure.' " 

In paining wc may iiote, with Dr. Todd, our aurpriao th»taA«r it had 
boon ooBcluuvoly proved I)y tho cxporimeuta iiiad« by Dr. Hayii^b ami 
otbor* with woodeu tmctors, tUni Mteh cun» an the above wure really 
doe to the effiwt of imagioation. Uicy should therdbro haro oeaued to ]>ay 
further attentinn to the matter. Tlie result of their experiments wan 
more Lntcrestinf; than would hate been any demonabratioa of tho poteiwy 
of iDCtulUc tractORi. They had ctitabliahed, in fact, tho cxisteaoe of a 
onrative powoi- in iLaturc far more wondnrfal^ and proiniting h) beef 
Ear greater, becauso of iar wider, utility thou thoee myiticnj instruments. 
Yet having eflectod this great discovct^, they treated it as if it were of 
no Taloe whatever. Are we to sujipose that if, when death wm gradually 
approaching nearer and nearer to Mrs. P. of Maidstone, S. the aurgcon, 
and Vino Hitll llio CtiLOUirion, lind known what was afturwarda Mtab- 
liohed by Haygortli aiid oUiera, they would have docliuiid to us*! tbe 
means by which (through the influooce on Jier imngiuatioD) tho poor 
wotnao was aftunlly ctired I Tlic condttct of Haygarth and Ae red, 
after tUo ctticLQacy of metallic tntctoi-s had been disprored, anggeaia that 
thia would hftv-o boon tbe conrae of medical meji acquainted with 
Hnygartb'a ttsulbi. In other wonla, having proved that a certain Taiy 
{(otuat mvtliud of <:tirc.- derives its power fiom a source other ^an ha d ^ 
beoD aujipoaed, doctots worn to have agreed thiit tbcrefuru this nuood^^l 
should no longer lie eanphiyed, chough the very rexcaichis by which m^M 
bad detected the true uatiiro of the remedy had at tbo isimc time 
indicated ita wondtaful cC&eacy. It is aa though a pbyaieinn cnllod in by 
o fiunily doctor to counsel him about a patient iJiouUI aup^ioao tluit h 
certain medicine which had proved of great service before hia u-Tiral 
oonlAined (|uiiiiii«, but fuiiliog ou analysis or othei'wise thiLt it contained 
otlier tngreiUeutti, ibud no quinine at idl (satiaTyinx bimadf, tti^o, in tlw 
mmu vUilc, from observation, that it waa «f gi'oat f)er\-i<!0 to tho pntiont), 
shonld incontinently throw the bottle out of uiudow. TIiik, rs Hr. 
Todd well r^Qiiu-lu, " m at least as adtouishiug us that the public vtiouki 
Iwlievo iu, and allow themwlTee to be cutvd hy, tbe metaiUo tnetora of 
Fttrldn:), and be ooaLent to reAir the infloenoo to gnlvaniam." 

Tho Man of Imng preaching under »n attack of rbelcra, and ncttuJly 
OTenuastei-ing that terrible discafw in the struggle, iii peilLajs fwm'lfflr to 


C< '< r^ It lit it BO renuii-kRMy illuBtraUH our 8uhji>ct that 
1 uniit it. r>urmj{ Uic cfaok'ra iwason of 1''^.'12, he wm 

^pu«f witii "wlut wu in oil Appeamoco, and to tJio couYictum of 

imdiat) nvQ wbru ilswribeil u> tlatcu, tlutt ttbiMM trlii«b liftd [«n>vH fatal 

to «o muijr of our Mlow-cn'^iirRt.'' He Itiul rineii iu periVct liealtli. 

8ai IjT lirmkrttit I ime h« hui beoomo Vfvr cold, and vw in f;it>nt k^ny. 

^ Tile Miml ■jrmptuois of cbolen pranentl/ Ruperven«d. A tDedioBl luui 

^H infoRDal Dr. Todd tJiat to his kiiovled|;o Irviag wba in a stato of 

^M tlmgoroa culk|iM iliirini; cxio |iart of Oiv inontbif;. " WJtli siinkon 

^P 9Vm, falliil divckx, mn<l nn ulloi^thur ghutly Hp|i«aii-u)oe, lie lottot«(] to 

' tha <-lnifch, n <|uitn«r ut » milo dut«Dt, hihI f«"ini niiotber uininUr 

oArnUing fur liim." Ho uu Utnijitod, lio lelU iik, to turn Iiack, but 

MUUDoiiBd reaolutinn to nt-nJ a memige to bU broUier miniatcr tltat ha 

would shortly take Vta ]An6t!. J u tlie mMtntime bo Btrotobod himself on 

Uttw cbftin in tlxi veatrjr b^are the fire. " Eren an I sUiftml mjr 

ipraition," bfi MtTx, " 1 tniiluml tnurb ^ulTpria;;. luid wm almost involan- 
taHlf itnprlltHi tn ilraur up my limKi in nirxtitr tn kcop Lhu juiin nnilnr. 
2CnTcrtb<4nK, wbrn I HUtod np t*> iiltim myiti-lf fur tlic pulpit, and vont 
f>vl•M^I 111 [tiwi-ixl tin? loilpit^ttiii', \hv \mii9 s»>pni<«l to Iwtvr nie," 
With diniintHl ni^liL. bu bcnil swimming, and bis liiTntliiug laliuiin^I, be 
gm^Nx] l>w ndm of llio pul|nt and looVml wiBtfiilly around, woudvring 
whM wo* lo follow. Be it rcmcmt>cr(>d tbAt in bi* eyw diMoso wan siu ; 
flJck oolf waA OMMied to ov^rt-onw all utbor boililr ill« ura tliom dua to 
■cdibnt fir old Ofpa ; and that diooaae seenMxl now likely to maater Ittni 
wu •vidnuw, aa lt« tlionfthl. that lie had Hnfolly loat bold of &itb. It 
«M a moral Am^lv (at Inut it inwn««l m> to hint), not a boilily oontcvt 
lA whlcb he waa mga^. A* liu tbtu stoo<l oontcmdini; »saiiL«t the 

»ti»il apirit in imaginaticn, Imt in rwility bringing by slKiiif; itfTort of the 
will bi* nattiml rnirrgint to meet the prognaa of i>hyKiciil diaeiuie, tlie 
rrtKaeawe. In an imrtant "n cold r»mt," he tella iia, "cliill as tb« 
baod at tlealh, Itroko otit nil ovor iny bndy. and stooil in largo Am\n 
apon mr farvhnvl and hands, Krum that tnomtni I Moeinod to be 
BtMnKtbcnnl." For mon* than an liour bfl praacbsil with a fenroor 
inilaMnm to him— ^"srriil pnwcbnr as he crer waa Iiefore. Ha walked 
iMtoe, cstjng litlk. In tlie urening be prcaohv^t in a crowdud mIiooI- 
RMMB, and next niorniiif raae before the sun, ulrooj; anil hearty m bedbn 
tha attack. 

Ab aetncy ooinpnt«nt, an tbcso and many similar m44w which might 
b« died aeem to ahow, to check the |>r(i!n>niB of Mich uiabulim jut hydro- 
pboUa. lock-jaw. and dinlcm, is one which dwtrirrwi to be d«alt with, not 
M »u Iiit«f«atiU); illiLitrjiiuQ of p^bological and pbysiflal ralatiuiiK, 
I aa a |iotflat rfuinlifll force worthy Lu lakr iw pliiw bosido, if not 
.L-jTf, any i-f ih* mndiouni-ntA wbicb dot-tore arc at pr<«fiil in tlie 
habit of <- IS f> toying;. Bat apart fmm tbia, thn cironrantanre tliat ]>aifflni 
-' rotaarkaldc exist In tbf t-<«vbrul Cacntllir:* sngftcwta other parpoaaa to 
-hich thoy tnighl be ajijiltrd. In the phenomena of hypnotiaai, or 
anifidal aomnambtilinD, ww haw somo %Trr striking evidence on tbu 



poiot i but it would \md an too Tar fiom our 'pr«aent snlyeci to oamUar 
^Hhm^ pxoept in so far iw< they ilIti3tT4t« the iaButn«e of Ui« Bund on 
iKxHIy duHue. Iq this re!i|K>ct Cbey supply ■ome of the most renurlnble 
eridaice wv haw to cotuiidcr. 

Let it 1)0 pranuMd before considering tJie pfa«oois«&& of h7pnotillI!^ 
ae n neriaiu. or wfaitovcr w« choon to call theai, that Uw theonr of tiiefr 
being due to HiimiJ or luij othor iiort of nu^etism bas bocn lUniiKlAniljr 
iliaiirorcd. Of coJinie, if it wero othortnw, tlwsj would liill onljrrly out- 
Hide the 1411^ of this esetiy. Nor, a^in, mn Oivy lie in aq}' vav itltri> 
buted to the ioflttOBcc of i>ae mind oa Miutliei-, excejit iu the waj- of 
KUggMtion. TliB cure of the oaval officer considered «1x)\~e might lie 
attributed in tAii nam to thu ncUoQ of the Hitr!;M>n')i uiind on the 
jMticul'H liody, for it v-tut tho idca« advanood by the Kiirj^n vbieb 
excit«d the aeceanry aotion in the nii&d of tJw [mtient whereby tJw 
pvt^iroas of diMiae in liis body was checked. But m in tliat caan ike 
imuitHliate n-iuedini agent via (if the case is iot«rproted hs above) the 
DicQtAt nctioQ of the niiSeror, no nil thn phenomena of hypnotism are due 
to corebnil proct«MM ia th« sabjcct, tbvso procoeat* bcsDf; simply initiated 
by tho siiggostions, more or len obviout, of the opcmtot-. Wo have said 
tliat Ute mi^netic interpretatioa haa been dtNprovcx!, and equally we can 
MMTt that the supposed iolluence of the operator's mind on the imbjeet's 
body has no real exi&teDce. We hare nut Kpace here to cooaider the 
evidetice ; but full evidence has l»een obtaiocii that pncisidy aa nil the 
iGBults of metaUio traetori«m (a BpeeiBl cau of iinimal ma^oettsm, u vu 
•uppoMd) can bo obtained witb wooden onco, so all the pheootDOOK 
attributed to animal nii^netiim |^neni.lly c*u b« obtniuwl witliout any 
luagiietio inflii^noea, while the jiheaomeiia which hail iteemed to be excited 
by tiie acUre will of an operator aro obtaiocd in ei|ual dPKTco wlivii he 
purpoKly diverts his thoughts to other niatt^re. The only ciroamatiooe 
remaining tmexplained in the phenomena, of hypDOtism is the atnuige 
power which the nubjcci oftvn )raa»caRCK or jsL-ums to ikhoms of roudlnK tha 
^ou^hls of thn opemtor. Hut thin may prolubly Im! ntgnrded as simply 
illuatmUii]^ the abnormal pnwera which tho mind of thir hy|motiwd 
fomemea for the time being ; and indeed it ia certAiu that tbe |)Ower vf 
nlnd'read ing nojiiinMl at Kuch times (pruhubly jucroly tbe power of 
recognising minuto chan<i(ni of uprunion, attitude, gostvro, and to forth) 
IB by no means limitod to tl)f> opcmtor ; in nomo of the niont remarltable 
and the beet attested iiutiutces the hyi)uotu»eii jieiiMn liaa Imwu able to 
nod tho thouKhte of any pezaoa to whom hia attentiou ba» been dimitod.* 

* It wouU kcnii. IdiLmiJ, pruliAblc that th«K)>trini(«rGliinironilitioii rxciCril in llni 
}iypnaIiMd tiiuy ba «xcile>l nt will t^ couo ptncian ; vithniit the nnnilancD uf any 
<^^tn!ur tiny (.wyiiiif fiVjisMs r.f tlirir own nvntn: «<>l Ih9» »])MiiMOy paWi-iMd. 
S«i»r rKnnrkaUl* mi> or miA'l-rriHlIivs (niiKiai[>t »th«r> uuy l<t iuai(iOD»d tvn d»- 
K-titvO Ipt IUfkeiw— uro FyintBt'i Li/r ~ av laliil.iUil Ly n IV^pili Mnjnror ill llie 
[it»* of iho Anxlu-FrvMJt klliaMw} »««in Mplicalilii lu no ulb'-jr way. ancl in this wny 
oiplicnbl* wtikd'Ot any rayiU-riotu or jwctnruutural a^ii«iu* (whicli an, at tx^ttrtr., ca 





fliMiiig' Hsde, bowevur, all expliuutioiui hoaail on hypoUieMis incon- 
■Mtaaft «i«b the ktwwn kwv of phjncs, or on itDprewioofl aupfioaod to bo 
fRxtooMl bjr ooe penna'i mind on anothvr jH>rsoa*s lioily — in &ct, sU 
imL as^uMtioDa «» science is l<ouiul U> n-tcct — wc Sml in ihcphcnomonn 
«f hjrpaetlaiD tlis swet wonderful illustrationfl of Utc p<'>woi'it wbidt tlio 
mitwl huuvtr the body. Wv might oonuder her« a niimlier of owaa 
tUti»4nUis({ Um care <jS paxaijoi And aficctionit nioi-o or hitt> olivtoiisly 
^Ufmtiittg on tbo KtaU- of tl>« dctvouh eystea : but it in]l b« bfrttnr to 
Uvit our attention at preee&t to tlic far uiorv Htiikiiu; cascM in wbirh & 
<Mhkite change h»f br«i) prxKluO^ in tbo DondttioD of ptuta of tlie IkkIj 
vhidi might be Roppoaed altog^tbei- beyond th» lOMiliiI iofltienoci, that 
m to tkrmi their of^olc titnicturo was («ncer»e>). In trhttion to odo 
Wllluilto cue of tb« former kind dwcrilied hy Dr. Procti^i-, of York 
(■« the XoiMt for l'*r)l), in whidi tbe pttticnt was nverse to the trial and 
Upaetail oa risutt, wlicreao tbo cure wnn as cnuplcbo in his ami) an 
it b* had tvni fall of ftiith in the mngnutic |mj*a(«, it in neooMsi^ to make 
earn* nnm-ks. The c«te is not oiw which naod bo dncribcnl htfrp, 1>ut 
tiw iaAnnee that boMnee of the pAtioot's unbelief we luuat i'vj<Krt t]i« 
thftwy that iioaglnation bad aught to do with the tnatter in ono to bn 
tmnt^ily anatdoTvd. I>r. Todd has well pointed nut that the eoAential 
pemt in UiMft eacea is tut the enooumgemntt of tli^ expeetntion of onre, 
Lai tlis diteotJon of the atteution to th« part of the body which is affected 
bjr ^aeu». Tbo unbdicvini; jtaticnt vbo at tho aamo time in iudiilcrcnt 
tM the t!Jtp>«nmcnt wt^uld <!oubtlest bo an tinpromising imbjcot for the 
■■■ital bMImxI : but a jiaiient who took »nfficU>nt intertMt iu Die |i)Ltt«« 
■ad oUur outward Mj^a* of UMOMi-ism to be opposed to tioin, wuuld 
pnhdly bo ijait/* an faTOorabte a itnbinct for the method im otii! wlio took 
th* Htfis drgm of iuU-mt in tlicm because Ito bclirvwl in thi^ir ctEciicjr. 

Tim Boet itriking illnstratJoDS of tbo 4vflt«t of tmi^natton cxcitc<d, tw 
wba bypnotinn or Itmiduun ia produced, M-e thunn in wbtcli |)«rlLal 
miwIiiiiM has beeu cuivd. urtiinl opacity of the coram beinj; ruuioiTd. 
Wlietc very week si^'ht has l^^n ^nkklv i-ured, we mny aRsnu^j that the 
whiMiwi waa in tbi* opltc mrve. or othcrwiHe dt'Tpended on the statu of 
like nervn, but it wili preeenlly be seen that ia otiter CMM tho structure 
of the eye haM undn^iDi.' u definite orgnaic elianga 

To ibn funuer and InM rr;marknblt> cUss of c Boen Mongii the <-ure of 
Hra. B(owo I7 Ittaid. SI11 wtMi forty-four yeora old, and had (wed 
«M<taelea ftir tw»uty-two yearn, not beiii^ itble without tlicm to discin- 
^fukSt even the capital letters of adwrtiaenieDta in a ncwe|ia]>or, nor tbo 
hm* hotding of tho paptr. After being byjinotiMd by Bnud for eight 
BiBBtea (be waa abte " lu nwl l-olh tile large an<l umall bending, and day, 
■Mfillt. and date of the paper. Her sight mmlinued to im|irov»— «be 
oO«M thmad l*a> nivvllr, Na 8, williont apxctaclos," and Mr. Braid vtatM 
UmI this muarkablc iinonaae of visnal power had bean retiuucd. The coae 
R. wae a|aally rvmarknbl^. Sbo had n^t only siiffiw^d from 
iiui.., bnt AM n n-tnlt of (ho |iiirtiaj ItUndiien thai ocoamoned lad 

„ UMlt hii 



mot witli Miveml wcidenU, aama of wblcli li*d furtber ii^und heti 
insomucli ihmt m JaDnary 1854 bIw wu totally blind. 8bc wnt placed 
uodn thecuo of n {tfa^viiici-iii at Dtiblm duriiig aix wseks, and improved 
to aomedegne, "for the iru IumI WtxnuenomcwliabBeDaitivQ to ligbt, wad 
fthe mu abl« to diM«ru Ui-fre objecU, but could nciUicr see to read c^r 
write." Sheretamed bomo, but hereyfciight i-eruained vitbout furtbop 
improTfiment, nnd kt length bor uittlual ntt«niluit rocomtDeudetl that dia 
fthould 1» placed titid«r Mr. llrni.|V«irt>. Hcfottnd uoappomnt pbyaieftl 
iiii[<odoction to nccount fur her inipiin>d viaioa, tior nt this time did aba 

I julTcr bom any pun «buut tbo bowl or eroH. Sbo coold not diBcom a 
sittfjilo Ivtter of the t{Un-p«^< of a l>oolc plaottl clo» to tier, tbciigh mme 
of the letton won) n tgiuirtur oT an inch kmfc. Hiivin){ phwttd the pntient 
in tlio cotiditiun "( u-ti&cMl •oiuuiimbuliaiu, Mr. Bmtl "dirf<t<d tho 
nerviMiii forte to l)iD Bjra by wafliag over them, and gently toutlniij: Uicm 
inily, ao ns to keep up n enstoined 5ct of otiention of the patients 
miad to bor ey<» ciik] tho ntnetion of riKion." (Sooio objection tuast \m 
UkflQ in pUHJii^ to i1m) tttnt«U)eiit t)tni tliK m^rvouH foTre wna dirwted to 
tboc^L-M, lieonuse it involves an Assumption. Tho ult«iittou uiva ttii-vcUrd to 
tlie oyesi; whnt inter^-fflied between thiRactKod the observeiichnoj^n in tlio 
jiftlicot's condition U r matter to bo inferred, not tttatcd.) In aliout ten 
laiuutoe alio was aroused from the hypnotic tmnoo. '* I now prcoetktod 
before ber the title-page of the laiine imoik, when Kho instantly exdiiiined 
-with delight oJid surprisi'. ' ] nci' tho word oommercd I ' i>uiiittO{j to iL I 
told bcr she would itec more llian thnt proiently, and in a little while she 
nxclaiiiKH}, ' J xen commercin),' tbcrn ' I iieo dictionary,' and oliortly nttar. 
' I Boe MoCullocli ;' b»t she coidd aec uothiug more. I told ber tliat . 
0. little net 1 felt a»>ur«l she would seo btill soiAller iwinl ; uud after 
few minutes hIip whs nb1» to ititil ' IjOtiduii : Lougmmi, Greco, and Lonff- 
manfi.' Such wax tbo Mrtult of my Ant pmoet*. Aftci* • MCOtid byjioolic 
u]»Qration tlio u«xl day the patient oould rmd, when linit htoiuioiI, lite 

^wbolc of n tittR-ptixe of a pAm))hIet, and in about five luinutm after, : 
ad two linra of the text. Aft«r anothsr operation the eame day 
coil Id fead tbu mutill close piiut in the Appendix ; andwus able thei 
evt'iiiu;; to write a It-tt^r lioiae reporting progroRs for the first time : 
twelve monllm. Hha only ro(juired two tuoi-e hypnotie oixTutiuns, wh* 
: vSfl ibuixl able to i-esd the luualloBt-HiiEed print in a newttpoprr. afle 

^"wbicli she lefl me quite cured, and, as I ba%-o l>card, abe oouliutiol w« 
over edoee." 

The explanation in such cues would eccm to bo nntnistalubly I 
indicated by Braid in tho expn>9!U(>n to wbidi wo have taken «3U«plia 
ovo. lly tbi* actioiii* whicb dii-rctad the attoutton to the act of vkion, 

' iJie ni^rvDos foroe would sr^etn to bavo boeu directed along the chiuuiebt 
from which wiuie cause or ctuws bad before unfortunately div<>rt«d it — 

> dJie optic ncrte mid the varioiu ramilH-attons cxlcndinff from lU 

iVbanni'ht of couinmnicutioii betwobn tbo broio and the eycn having 
thu» B£ain opened, nauaincd tbencsfcH-tb as they hnd bees before ibej 



otHlracteil. lie it noticeil that the wordfi bero used — norvotiii 
fami, **^'"»"' of oommunkatioii, ulstractad, opeiteil, Btid lu forth — miMt 
Mi btt aadorrtood to tlmr literal sense ; tiusy are eiiuply oOQv«meut 
tonoM of rnxfttmaoa lur (jttalitieB, pracowos, &(.*., tklxnit wliich we know in 
nwlily Tnr7 liul«. 

but UM we hjiv« ■■'^1 CAMS likn tho lut two thiv>w far irM lif;ht on 
tb* powem wliich the minil [Mnwosaea over ihn 1iody tliaii ttuNW in which 
Mteftl orpoio cbu)^ results from the mRnlik) aci-, notitinuerl loii;; 
HBooglL The foUoviag aae, ia whkb blindaoss (of one «yi>) was 
oEfteialy not iopeuAait on ddixrtivo ncrve-forco, it in t>h!s iwiue [>bj- 
tMlariy inU w Ung. Mni. 8- hitd hiMl sovoro rLoumiittv fcvoi* in 1S39, 
dnriag tlie ooona of which the \ett vve wa» afltKrUxl, in such sort timt 
hotb iU iotemal nnil its rxtvniftl Ktriicttirc mifltmxl injury. In 1S42, 
wImii Un. S. Gnt vouauitod Mr. Bnid, this c^-o wm free frotii puin, but 
«>■ iMelen. Mora Uimu hjdf the coriun viui covered by on oiinfgiio 
Urn, any object plnoed opitoniti tho outer or left half of Uie eye 
(the t«mponl hklf, docUirs pn'r^r to ca\l it), being seen through a 
rfoue bue ; uid ubjMlii )>btred tou-ai-ils Ihe ojtpoiute side were rasa vety 
ia^arfwtly, owinj; to the injury whidj the choroid and retina had sas- 
tafaivd in the poJnts on which thi> imOKM of iincb objwU were rodootiMl. 
Tbo Ofmaif wiui out only iiu olwtHd*' to (lUunrt vbiiou, but wm hIho a 
WVm of fwoayuM'C from itii dtftigurcmciit, being obvious cviin at a coo- 
■4mbi« (iiiiUuim. "Sirs. H. whs a relation," l>i-. Todd tnentions, "of 
Mr. Uraiil, nAd was in hia houao three miinthH before lie D|)erate<l upon 
li«T, diiriug wlii^b time no eh&n^ took |>lfln\ Violent pain in the aita 
■ad aboaliW imlurt^l birr to sithiuit to the hypnotic trMln)ent. whtirh 
nd vuooatttful ; but vriuit wu more Burpriaing, and tguito uiilwkod 
fagr SCr. Bniiil, bar rij^ was no murb impioved that vhe was able to 
tfWJij iihiBg in the mom, and to iuun« diflcrcnt flowetv. nnd diMinguuh 
Ifcaireolonns whilst tho H;jhl ey« wiu shut, which the had not boon nbic 
lo do for morii than thme and a Iialf yean |iraviaujily. The opentiun 
eocitinurd diuly, and in & V617 abort time tfie comta bttame to 
\tt0fiwmt that it rtquired clot intpettion to o6t«v« any remain* 
ti* tfoeily. AflvT tbr rirat o)>i'nktiun then) was conaidenbte lunHi-Litig 
fa iWeye* which 0(?ntiaiKKl nil nizht, and in n lam degrwi after I'titura 
mwliuiw, which no doubt" (tw It remnmlicred, it ia not Mr. Bmid, but 
Dr. Todd who tixprnoea thli o[iuuou) " rouaed tJie almorlivuta, and 
trfbetad t^ niboviU of the opacity. Stimulating the optk nerve to 
glitter •etirity. hownver, mtut h&vo tweu the chic^ cniise of tbe vary 
n|dil ImprovoDUiut whtdi eaablod her to scu objcuta after iho aeoond 
tiuo. Mr. BndJ odds to the foregoing, Uiot obJDct« wont men froni 
la taAiKiml aide of the eye much more dtatinctly tlian frutii tbo oual 
owing to the irmpontble daEoagv tbe retina and clioi'oid had sue- 

IfutBDoea of tixi euro of deafnaw must in the gnat ninjority of caaca 

be tm I tlml to the lacmaM itt the flow of nervous forco along the auntl 

mad, tiuatot% nn not quite 10 surpriung a« tbe ooao juat oilod 



Mul othera of B like luitan*. BUU noiun uT tbcni Lave Wn very mautrk- 
Able. Take, for instance, Mr. Braid'it oceount of ttw) ettrt of Nodftn, » 
denf mute liRod 24, wbo^ acrordinig lo the 0[Miiion of Mr. Yaoglun, faou] 
maat^r of Dm Hmf aad Dumb liutilut« where Kodaa wax a pupil, h«i] 
never liwl tbe [xiw«r uf beHrin^', [iroperly so oalled. " ASier tbn lint 
operation," njm Mr. UniiJ, "(lodudng hypnotiaD, titen cxtcnciinK tbe 
[imbe and fiuuiiti^ tbe ton), I Katutwd mysAif bo hud no MOM of tiMuiog ; 
but uftor Llio Rocond, which I carruid xtUl funlier, be rould hear, And wu 
so umoyod b^ the noise of the cart* uiil catrmges wbou {;oing lioma thai 
he oonM BOt he uiduc«(l Ui caII on lue again far some iinie. He bas been 
operatAd oQ only a few liuira, and has keen so much improved, that 
although he lives in a back street, be eon now hear a band of muuo 
oooung along the front atKet. and will go oat to meet it. I tnteljr tealad 
hia, and found ho oould hear in bia room on the serond lloor a gentle 
knocJt oo the bottom stair. Him iDiprovemcnt, th«t«fore, faa« bMn 
decided and itcnnanmit, and is entirely atlrilnituble to hyiiDOtiam, aa no 
other means v^n adopted in his case." In other wonb, the cure was 
entirely attributable to tiiat special farm of ninntal aMivity which is ex< 
cited, or, at any rale, tiecomea available, in the casf of hy])ootised patients. 
We ha%-e neeu bow, through the induenoe of th« mind upoD the 
body, the blind have bean oiade to see, thu deuf to hmr ; we may next 
consider cases in which the lame have been made to walk — nay, oven to 
danca — It; tu> other influonos^ Ajnoiig tbn nxpcrir»C'nt« l>y whioh it vt» 
showD that wooden tmctora are aa ef&ctive, if' anly Mi-y urr. properiji 
j/atnted, ad irou onus, Dr. AtdeniDU UKiutions tlie foUowiu^ : — " Hobert 
Wood, agMl fi7, on June •) waa opei-aUxl upon with wooden ttantarH for a 
vhciinuitic- atr<x!tinn of the hip, which hv had had for ciKfal months. 
J>imiig the uppUcation of the tractors, which wa« contJnood for about 
■even minutes, no eifects were ])roiltK-c<d, except a profuse penpimtioo sad 
a general tremor. On erasing the application of the ttudon, to bb in- 
Hcpresnblo Joy and oiu- Mtiidavtioti, the good effects of our labour were 
now produced and atikiiowledged ; for he voluntarily assured me that he 
could walk with pL'n-fect nife, that he hud the entire moUoa uf the joial, 
and Chat he was free from pain^ — to use hie own wordm : ' As to the pain 
I have now, I do not care if I bare it all mjr life; that will ualtor 
nothing. You njjiv take your niodiciiicis — I'll have no more of iii«m \ ' 
And prior to bia leax'iii^ the tnf Ittnaiy, be n^miu-ked how very warm ihOM 
parbt were wbero the tnictors hail befiii applied ; and then walknl from 
the infirmary to hix own house, asBuring bis oMnpaaioa that he oonld 
very well walk to Beverley." In snotJiBr case no tfactors were niwd. or 
any other mysterious form of s^pemtus cmfiloyed to nsviU) attvntion ; 
the attncUoQ uwd was not mspietic nor olectrioU, hut an attraction of 
a very differmt kind, not as yet cuuudei-«l awang Rtedical remedieti — 
inccvpt, by tbo way, in one cow which ovoire to u3 at the moment, and 
will be found fully reennb^d, |)iiKcri]itioa ani all, in tbe pnges nf Hard 
ComJi, though tltc remMly is there iireAmbcil to cure an ailment for which 
it seems in nomo degree m«r« (4)propriate. A young lady of eixti^eo (ve 





ifafwiWng • nftl cak, not tho case of •Tali* Itodd) lud for uuiT 
been Kuflfenng fi<om ui iitveivJon of thA Mt £bot, wliieh was 
ki rifflit uigtca witlt t)ii> uUier, and wm tmiteft hy ortliopaL-dio 
with an ctnbomte ftj.|tMtt.t\is <tt Bplinto. Neither tliey, nor 
&lr. Skqr {Uwngli lie reoogoised tli6 nntnre of tJte at)actio&), moowded 
in cvriag it. Paycbic&l ngDota, however, dfectod a euro in n few 
■ini it i. Ska H-ili«(l to lue her foot liko otiicr pooplft, and nho liid. 
"Bbe aoBCxn{ainicd her riuiiilv' U) u lull," mjth Mr. 8k«/, in the Mrdical 
Timt* oW fftudttr for OcioW i;^, lt<Ot;; "her foot, as sh« «iiter«d tho 
Ul-nxKD, bung uotjrt>t mtored to its tuntnal positjon. She wan iDvit«d 
to (lanoc, and, iiiidnr this novel cxritctDi'iits sLp stootl up, nnd U> the 
MioniMhmcaL cf her fumil^ ftli« iliuiofvj tlio v-liolc ovciiiriji;, hnviiif; almost 
— dJiiljr noovrmd the heallliy miUKTHlar action of tin* limli. She camo 
to «r« BM two da^A anarwiutht. Hiia walked (lerfevtJjr well into luf 
tCKan, and paced the rDom backwards and forwarda vrith great delight. 
Xkm actiaiM of tbo linih were iJiocvughly rcalotvd, and all tnu» uf tho 
ftwibui DAlikly had diiMpjK'arod." 

AftAr rMtditig «uch aooouutti aa ihtxe, aceoanta givvn by aolwrly- 
mwlical iiM-n, who would naburall; be iiioltned i-atfaer to limit 
u4iil]r than luidtiljr to cxnggcnto th« power which tJie niind of tJia 
patfent mvf |iwijm over the dineased bodr, it becoiBits ciuy to explain 
•Minuta «C Boaoiin^y dutocuIoiu cnrw which arc pubU)ilM.-d from 
toutaa in vurions rtdi^uiu (and also in M»n« acarcol; nligiotM) 
joofBala. Amonpt auchcnaei we may cite aaparttoultirly cre<libl(>. when 
(bs iaflaowt oC tlia imfination is renc-Kiiiscd, tho so-called uiii-aclett 
pwfara wd by Prinw Koli(>iiloh», i'Tt he oomlkueil with the priiiody 
likl^* atiil Uic iaiapnrd dlicary of rojrnl blood, ch« attribulcn of the 
fataM, a*d penoQul (|ualitiea ndiuirahly suited to iutiuenc* Ui6 initida of 
ill* mnknr nrt of inen. In one caae certainly, in wluch he cured a ntan 
•fdtoftwaa, his ptiocdyponilion can hardly Itavehclficdhini moch, for tbo 
nail wa« mino a prince of tlw blood, — Loutt^ ex-Kinj; of Bavaria, l^tiia'x 
latuir dtkcnbibg hia ow» cmn-, and otltn- wondent, in very airious. It 
iBMUtWM4 to CoHUt voQ JstUAbciiii. " Sly dvar Uouut," he tays, " there 
■■01 mitadoL Tho ten hut daya of the laat mcmtb. the people of 
U(^iai|t ini^t holiove theauelvea in the times of tlm Apostloo. Tbo 
Iwatd, the blind mw, the latao fiwly walked, not hy tho aid of artt 
InA by a few abort prayuin. . . . . Ou tliu nveuing of tbo SHth, the 
»«Bber of ponotia cuivtl uf butJi tnxvs, and bf every aga, amounted to 
(ban twenty. Tboae w«re of all cUuaMa of the people, from the 



in. ToJd remark*, with ilj hnaoar, llut llokpalobe'* "natw and title* had 
pntebly Kuril I<j do wiiti tii* USoaaaa. Tba^r wtn Alraaodw LMpaUl Fnus Em- 

M^i '.. i' ' '•' ".'':'■ r. iiii,l Gmnil 

UhnI^ aoJi a ij^^u lujl : ii' Ait. X rlt. o.l- hutu tii 1 ; ji. lu U'u1.:i'1.I lurf , aail riln- 
: la ivTMal BulicnllMw. Ha ultlculul a.i jirimt nl UluaU, Jluuivli.ftc. "Whan 
f^ta," Uf. TumU iwIiU. '■ b« aiAt vuh a pc^iut vho hai performed wvenl 

biae mva. and frani hin (iat«^ttb« catknaawn iilii<.-t) hw •ot)w<jtitatJy auuii- 

IWaJ ia coiiH (h* miIu He oasUaUj appealed to th«ir EaltJi in luapowM-." 



humbliwt to k pi-LacQ of iha Hood ; wIm, witLout ntiy cxtonor niMtw, 
reooverod, ou the STtli, nt dood, the hiariug which be lutd lost (rom 
his iaraucy. Tliim ciiiq wim dlivted bj a pnycr mule for him, diuiiig 
some minuuw, hy a [>riMt, who Lt ntraelj moro thfto twent]r-MT«n ^mi* 
of Hge — tli« Prinne Holiftiluha Although I lio not timr w mmII br the 
majoritj- of the |«riot)n who nrc ftliont im*. tbriu in no (ximj'ftnMu liHweeu 
ray iirtiial gtAtonod that which existed hrfore. Jleaidcxi, i pwwi^-e dwly 

that I hour more clwirly My hcariiiK at proftcnt a very Mumtiw. 

Lott Friday, the muaic of tho Lrooji vbich ddilod iu tbc sqiian> Ui £ro&t 
or the |MLkr« ttriu'k my tyni{uintitn t» (>tTOU;:ly, ttiAl Ibi- the ttrst IJuw I 
waa oMIgod to clovw ilic winduw of my cnhEncl. The inhftUtanta of 
Wiinbui:^ haro * testified, by the most liTcly aod ainceiv a«claiantiooi^ 
tli« plauura which tuycui-nhao givi>n thmi.*" ^Uoy in like nnitiier 
were cored through their faith in Kiitlinr MotUicw (not in teetotaliam, 
he ic tindfti>-tood) ; and o^'en after his death many who wont lame to his 
tomb l«ft their c:rut<:hes there. It wiu iiot uoci»Mtry tliat the jail i«nt 
•hould hv of the worthy fatlior'n pcrsunsioa in religion. Many atAunch 
Frataitlimt« wok cun^ 1>y hitn, tL* they snp|M)«i>d ; but in millty by 
proe o aa c a taking plave withiu their own miiida, and initiated bj their 
own lively inin^nationK. Whtlher nftor cure ttudi pcreons remained as 
«t«iincbly Protestant an they hud beHa Itefore, we do not know,* 

In n similar wny may l>e explained (or rather mtnt bo ex{)Utiiod, 
-when duo ncronnt in tA.k«n of the waght of evidence) many «asea in 
whicli mnledictioiiD »f«m tn have taken oOfect, an by a mimcle. Pats- 
iyais, whidi has been often cunxl by DaiUi, htut been produced, though 
l«w often, by tiMTor. In the Mtdimt Onattu fop May 23, 1S68, tbera is 
a Twport of a uD^^tUnr oun which oocorrcd at tlto Limerick Sessions. 
Two men liad bc^n ch.'kr^<-<l with having Assaalt<<d a r<-lativp. "The 
pnwecntor sainmotied hU own father m a witiii-K«. Tito utntlier of the 
]rrironens cxAnperated nt tlie prospect of her «ob« being arnt to prison on 
tha evidmi-a of her own relativii, pave exprescdon to her fet^lin^ in a 
malodiction, praying that whm the old man left the witness-box he 
uii)tlit be pamJyaod, and paralysed he waa accordingly, and hiid to be tAkea 
to tho hospital. Sueh miraculotis illuoes not yielding reiulily to ordinary 
ntodee of trctttmenl, the old lady Itaa been requmted to remove her ciirao 
by epitLing on the pntiojit, but thia idie sternly refoaee to do, and the man 
ntmaiiu in the hospital." I'nrortimat^y, the end of the story wna not 
given. It would have been pica&ing to learn that in the loa^i-ruu tlie 

* VTe wurc Inltl a icw moolh* ok^ hy n vurtlijr, Niiii[ilr-bnnr(c<] Irish [irieitt, tlint 
lie «na (cut furon luw oecniion toadiniaUlvr tli« aufucncnl nf citninp urii-lira ta a 
n«t*«taot lady, who (nut knowing that CaihollMiy wu an miuiIiaI pmHninuy] 
]iQp«d t« find in iha ncnunent ■ cur« in* aa aUock of ioflaininiUica (rf the U/wvlf^ 
which the doctora hitl in rnin sUjjinptoil ta uftraaf«. Th'-y hcxuly aportnl brr 
■loLlL Fiwiing Iki othar cuurw ti]«n tu her, ■h«"ni*<lti auliiniui'iii." wna noieiroJ 
inui thn CliuK-li, )«nj Ui« uurswaniof vstremo luKtifa wu bdniiiiiileivd. When 
i»r«t the fumily tlodur cnllcd ih* \»Aj w«» wuH, uro fw the «(«• «* ir««kaciM lo 
vtuch mmty hvun of eatrame paia bad restucsd her. 




di dftsMi niMutibd, Bad by splttiiig on the invalid rmtorcd him to bcaltli, 
for tlktn tfae evidooec of the influeDee of ima^natioD would bo compkto. 
Maaj will iw-bU lisre the vtoiy of " Goody Rlnk« and n:irT) Gill." 
AMIkBii^ WordBworili coIIh litis " a true atorj," yet most peraonH pro- 
bftfa^ ***»F»* that, ns relaiod by the jKiet, it Lt in it Ini-gc dogreo a. vork of 
SotMOL Utat WoitJewortli liimaelf n^arded ttiv puiii»}in](^t of tike faaid 
Gunar m wroogbt by aupematttrnl wentiA ia Tr«U known, and conis^ out 
tiemiiy on a oofnpftrisoQ lictveon his pwtie versiou of the event and the 
im^ pnnaic n«T»tiTf by Dr. Emamiia iMrwiu in hit /ii/otumiia. Vet 
tlM ktory WM time enough in all oaAoatial points na told hy Wonlavorth. 
Tba «lilsr Darwin's aoooant of llie case nina ainiply lJiii» : — " A young 
fknnei' in N\'urw ictcsbire, fioiling bia iHxlgni brulten and tlic utickH carried 
awa,y, during a fi'OH^ aoaaoa, dctenninnd to watch fur tho thief. Ho 
lay tOMay cold houra under a hayataclc, and at lengch an old woman, 
like • witch in a play, approached and Lcgwi to pull up the budge ; h« 
waitad tilt aho bad tie>l up tier bottle of sticks, xnd wus carrying tinxiu 
at, that hn inighL oonvict her of tho tbefl, and then sprio^nj; from his 
COBoealnient ht. aeixod kit prey with vio1<!nt tliroata. Aft^r acme alteroa- 
don, to wliidi bar loarl wm left n[>on thn gix>und, xho kneeled npon the 
hoUlfl " (nc, it ta tb«i old-fashioned word fur a " bundle ") " of atioka, aod 
■mUagbiramiatohaiven beneatli tho bright moon, then at the full, spoke 
to tbe &mier, already ahiTertng witli cold, ' /ftatvn i/ntnt that thou 
imatftM y*rvtr h^xote Offain th* hletttn^ to b« warn.' lie eompiaiued of 
eold all tha nnt ibiy.and wore an upper coat, and in n fvw tlitya uiotlier, 
and in a forttdgkt took to lua bed, always wying nothing luado htm 
vmm ; haoovered hinuelf with very many blankota, and h&d a hicvq orer 
\i» lacw as be lay " (tbe beut-6t expected, ft-om this arraugetoeiit ia not al- 
tnglrthnr nhTJnnn) ; "and irom tbU one insane idea ho kept bia bedabore 
twnty 7>*i«, foi* f«Ar of Uie cold air, till at Icu^i he dtotl." It wax un- 
flvtaiate lor him. by tbe way, tliat Turkinh Intli^ luu) not been intro- 
4wad into Engliind in bia tiue ! For prububly if h« bad tri«d tho 
ndiatuig room of a Turkish hammam, he would have foond that even 
Um old woman's cunw did not provunt lum from knowing wluit it was 
to feel vann ; and ooeo recogniaing this, he wuidd lutve boon able, por- 
hi^ to riae above tlie au[wrstitioun foan to which in reality the Mmwt- 
lioa id oold waa doe. The oomlnonjilace cunu of mi old wuumn whom 
•«eci tbe luaatevniiurioiiBcan hudly regard usullogether worthy of alm>- 
lata TODoratkin, and who bad jirobably csehuifinl aome rather coanw 
•boaa wiUi Uill in the preewling "altei<oation," is rather nniuHngljr 
ihii^ft by Wordsworth into » Hohmin »pi><»l to biavmi by a much 
iigand nctim (aftt-r all it muftt l« i-emeubcred that Gill had mit hart 
Um eld woDian, aiKl that a farmer has some right Co ooaiplnin when hia 
bedgta are brokso and the sticks lotnored) : — 

TbeD Goojy, vbe had aoUiing Mid. 
(bans^b it abould mmo, very UtUe to My—) 

iltf bunilla tro«n btt lip lit fuU ; 
Alhlk'y''l||"" IliT Btickii tlivgrnTvl 


TcOoiLwIm iitlwJiulKeofalL 
Stu pnijrod, bnr withsrvd haad vpmnng, 
Whilo Rbrj ft«U b«r hj tb» arm— 
"Ovl! tbni. nit nerar oHt of licuwg. 
Oil DHJ hci nerrr loare la v»nB I " 
Tka colli colli moon mljora bop tMmA, 
Urns «n bar knoM Jid Ocndjr pr>>)' ; 
VmuiK HMxry htaid viiat tho IimI vud. 
And icj mid W tuned «vnir. 

Probably -wo mny refor tlio «S«ct of her suilpdietion mthor w bar ap- 
penniDce — im Jcvcrii)^ tij l>r. OMrwiii. "lui ultl woman Vikea witcli Jn « 
play" — tlmn to tlie ■olcmiiity of lior prnycr. lie Ulievt^^l, ia his sudflen 
r«Ar, th&t shA iru a witdi, hiB imagination ftUribut«l to t)iewit«b'R «iinw 
the colt) wbich naturally enoagh resnltecl from bis long watch on a bitter 
cold night, and hia ttan thim weuungly conljniiod ho influcDced hi* 
imA^natiDQ thereafter, tljHt he experienced the constant secBatioti of 
cold ficscrihed by Darwin. That thcactual temperatiiro of his l»(xly 
also ofToctvd may well be bcliored. For it is well luiowa thitt 
whose minds arc aflwtod undBrgo n lom of t^mpemtiire. " In vtrlatKotu' 
aiyc *tupfvr," toys Dr. ErUbiacboS', " tii« (cmpcrattiro is nlwii^'s below 
the normal amount." But it in nerlatn tho acttial loM of hait oAnoot 
bare bwn «ven nmrly ao grvat m the A[>[Mrfrnt, for, if it had, G ill would 
certainly not havo livi-d twwity yenr^ 

We oniild cite many other illiuctratlonR of the inHuence of thft mind, 
whctliei- atimtifal^d by emotion or by exjiectation, on bbc body and its 
fanctioQS. But we hav« already exceeded the 8pM« which we IttiU jn- 
tcnd^tl to occupy. Let it Giiffint now to call attrition to the extmne 
imjioi-tancc, both in a phynolosical and in a paychologkal axprct, of the 
recognition of thix tnf)iici)c<', imd tho nooenitj for more earcfnl aiid 
aystematic study of it« cuttiro and limits than has yvt bwm made. It 
was aaid anocringly by Dr. Elliotaon, who waa a br^lievcr in the meomaio 
or prtDtfimatnral intcrpmtation of (Hfcfta now d'^monstmled to be due to 
imagination only, that if Mr. Braid, Dr. Carpenter, and I>r. HotLawl, 
could atfcrite tha at^tiial ezUrpntion of o-i'taiii bodily matter to domiuiuit 
ideoa, Bugf^ion, and expectant attention, they " ought to petition for th» 
introdiwrtaoa of these into the next ' PhannatfopOEia ' of the Royal Cotlago 
of PhyeiciaziR." "\Va do make tbia petition ; or at least," says Dr. Take 
with cacdlont judgment, " let thoeo pRvehical agents b^ iDrlndcd in llie 
armametUa mct/tcaof erery medical man." Bitt not alniio with ivfcr- 
emn to the cnre of disease have thceo cxporioooM interest in>d value. 
Rightly appTebended, even now when they are inoomplete, they thr 
xaucb light on the (pialitim and functions of the brnin ; bat if the RtiidJ 
FlfDch vasM Wt^^re carefully and sedulously ptirFu«], ulwcrxtitions nod 
maU licing' multiplied, ns they well might be. We belivve that 
I Bcnna of the moat difficult problems of mental pliyriokigy would hefore 
lon^^lxt int(rr]irtit«<!. aud that nontiil powt>n »» yet iinaospMlod 
; before long be revealed. 



]t Counttss's iiubij. 

Ik Two PAicra. 


bat Aufpiat ftneiiaon, somu ytnni ago, Vwo men mot at a ceriaiii 
of tit* DMut of Noniuuidy, uvd abooks tuncb vitli matnai good- 

Tho OU0 of Uicflo ucn luul Uved in the world almub 6vQ-and-thirfy 
b* bad liad lomra, and Hneo ona a n u well ; hut the i;itt«r, liafifM^ning 
to k«vo Mrrirrd u year or au nfler lie liul ^t tired of WMiiug for tliera, 
tosad iau giovn ft triUe wiired and cyiueai, And a[>t to carp lA tbo atin- 
•Uao wfaiob bad witbbcid its wnnnib frou bin bones until tbe^ fa&d oon- 
toaeted on uioBdicmbb chill. Hin bittemem was pfrhapn more of the 
bavl Uwn of tlu> beart, )>ut was none the I«e8 obMrvablc on that account. 
Btf waa on EDgliabman by birth, und a Wm painter iilao — at lettKt in bis 
Bwv flfuiun. 11(1 htid bcf^ia bia carcor with tiio firm pL-nuaaion that bia 
geBiBB aotitled btm not only to Itang on the liae at tbo A^'ndAiny, but to 
bacxMof the bangmrai. The Ilojal Academiciana did not iinraediabely 
Ul hi wHb Ilia viuwa uu eitbor point ) aod when, after aiaoy jvmm, Uxigr 
RjoBfeed, a&tl f^ve bla pioture tbe place of boDoor, and intimated tbeir 
fmgfnm of Sllttij; witli luB namp ttte fimt Tacaocy on tbeir aojiiMt roll, 
Ibia lefty *nd tmrnr^viDg gtoUoQUtn mado a bow and benf^ to bo ttx- 
tOMd. Ha luid niado hw n*ui» known wiUioiiL tb* Acndo&iy's )i«1|i ; bfl 
haA woa pucuuiniy indi-pauidcnco in a IaikI when; tlic word of tbo 
Afiadamy wu not law; and he would now, thcrvforc, with all doe 
fpnot ki tbo maulatt of that txxly, am every molhor'n aon of tbem at 
■hadaocBWofS be would bavo any tiling to do with tbent. Such an 
■ItiiiMliiiii necaaarily finished tbe epimde ; tbo Acndomy preserved a 
J^if6crf ailaice, and the lofty and uufor^Ting j^ntJctnan continued (o 
aiHBil the beat part of bia tiao in P*i-i«, ftxbibtting every y««r in tbo 
HalOD, Btul baUing ibe atory of bia <tuarTfll with Che t-lngliali |M>l«utatf»i lo 
wh o t aaa ftYw ouvl to hear an amujiins aneodotu cnuatioally related. He 
*1iaa Intxtby, iwugre, hunb-featurMi jieraooagc, thin name cynini] artiat, 
b«l b» prided hiniaelf on Uu^ Pariuan (loliati of bin mannem nnd hta 
Wmdl Meant, and hn wae, in fact, ikgood deal of a favourite iu nociety. 

Tlte man who ahooV hands with tb» pttraan above described waa in 
Mart nH|m!ta aa oulilin bim aj COiiUl be imagined To begin with, lie 
vaaaa AuMricaa; and, Hcatimonbal tvrnddlo to Ui« contrary noiwith- 
ii— r"-B. tbere i» uo BatioaaUiy ao imooacibUite witb tbe Ent^iab, atKl 



«0 iooApabltt of >cytii|>atlij witb thT<m, u UiAt u'hk^ ftt^lw its«^ 
Amcrioui. Btit tliiB niao, iu addition to hin Aioerianinii, wm fall ten 
years the junior vf tlie otb«r, ftod oeM-ly Uie aane number of tudia 
■hortcr. HIb &«i was sinuoth luul altnotit lioyiBli, lioniboms even to nn 
aoumul doKTCc, jet opon to ono critidvm — Uiiit of being imrfwUy in 
hnrtnooy with tho li^ui-e of its owtk«r. Th« vorld bna mn many greiit 
iii«o under hU fmt liigli; bat in them Uio oountenonm pocBoatod tba 
power or the uobilily that tnuro tluin isouijiciisntci* for dt-fvctiro ftUtnn* ; 
uid, in Iwiliing upon it, the beholder quite forj^ot to he critical oa to tbn 
greater or le^ degree of i\a elevHtlon above iIm eartli'ii surfiKA Iu a 
word, Lh» face of tbia young American was the face of a abort Au«ncaQ 
— a rOKnunimdaUoa, doubtless, from the purely xstfaeltc standpoint, but 
oUMrviM nnfortonale. Tbo UviJy bluv uyut Iiurkod depth and stom- 
twsa; tlio fine eti-Aif;lit no»u miffht well hfivo been a tJiongbt lungrr or 
tiiglier ; the muuUi was too little ikod tco academic in its curvea : the 
fordicad, though capnoioua, lacked the fine and ex|>re»iv-o modelling 
which annonnces a master intcllGel. Fop tho rest, this young Am^ricau 
liad a clpar, i)f«[) colour in bis chcckK. Ritcli na any womnn niiglit hare 
aayied, and th« only &uU of vhich was tliat uo amotion had i)Ow«r 
cithmr to diminish or to iMugbteit its iutennity ; aafl dark hair, n ftnmll 
Hilky moutstache, and bi-oad white teeth. The best feature in bin riiro 
WM pixjbrthly tlie cliin, which Iiotokpnod a vij^ixfue and pfrsiot^nt will. 
In tigiire be was zqiLaro-shouldem), and ralber plump than I«au ; his 
hands and feet wi>tv small and wall ^apcd. If tho onunicnUJon of them 
luimly physical iloUilM necniH oiituf pivportion witli what watiqiecified 
ou tlial tcorv in tliu purtrnit of tli<^ KngliKhman, it idiiiuld Im' renenilwm) 
that the younger man bod att yet uchicveil little iu tbo world beyond this 
atttMtive poi-aonul appearance, ills momi and Hociol hi^toiy were yet 
to moke. He was tbo sou of a BcuCoa millionaii«; ho bod been udu- 
catot at Harvard CoUe^ ; ho was court«d itnd csnwwl in Itoae&n Btroci 
drawing-rooms ; and hu hail writbpii qiiift a niuuber uf poenv, odai, 
lyrics, ami sonnctf', pbilosophic&l, ooiumvmunitioual, iiniLginativci nuil 
erotic, whidi, revttridng tho natural twqacnoe of atatc^. tirat led a hiil* 
liaut butterlly life in newjqiajiem and magadnea, ajid aft^rwanlH hhnt 
tliemDvlvca up in iLo chrysalii;] of n (jilt-cdged, cloth -cm bussed Volonio, 
ivltODco tli«y aftcrwanls sliowed uo tymptum uf (■mi-rgiii<*. 

These two men, such as lliey luv here shailowuil forth, found them' 
mlvofl face to ra«« by the wat«i-'ft edge on that titHUj Aiigtutt morning. 
and gceetod eat^h otl^u- with liparty miuutjh (vrilialtty. 

As if to coiiiiKitaale fi>r tlicir physical disiiniUaiityt tliry wrra drwsed 
almost prociholy altk<r. Both bad un sbocia made of a lUt solo of ptaitnl 
hfitnp, with slout liocn u|>pcni curiously Bmbroldeiod wLUi red uwl bine 
braid, and lacod round tho aaklv after tbo manner of the aaciunt nandiU. 
Both wore u kind of atraw l>onni>t, high-titiwDOil and wid^-briioioad, 
e1«weil down on eitiicr Hide ttic fso» hy a broad libljoii tied under tiM 
«tiij). N<-iUi^ [lOMetw^ any otlter <«8eQtiiil article of clothisg CDUepl * 

THE 0nTnCTE8?8 RtTBT. 



dowiming toole or art of ti^ts, with the legs and uma cut off doae to 
tta haAj. Over thut vra* Iifht1;r tlirmm a long mantle of Tinkixh-towel 
•InC Tbe tight* wt>re itn'pcd litirizonUU;, ftlbenute white and IdiM 
far thtf FngHthmnn, kud nU rikI white for tho Amoriean ; and herein 
kjr ti>e flolo tliadoction betTeen tbcir respective oostumoi. It is tntothiit 
IW Aaicriaui'i fitted tni»lt t1)« more cloRcty and EmootLlx of tbo two ; 
hiA that b luutlier here nor there. 

Id front of tbose sunply-attinv) fi-tcndK, &nd farmking in hnhy ripples 
al tbnr foM, otivtchod in MlimibronK cnlm a pale uid tur(]qoisoo«enti, 
itllliite of anv ri^bl* horinjn. A tciidflr ha» which broodwl in Uiat 
nfioa M inlonninglvd rw and nir thut iJistAnt filiipH Eccmod to sail in 
tbe eleoda. atM doodtt lo voyu^ upon lite wnt«r. 

])«liiiMl tfacni roar a mounded bench of purple shingW, uocomfoi-tHble 
l« InaMl upon, tnit iii('altwl>lt> n^ a, bulwark against tlic incursion of lii)(li 
taloa into th«* low-lyin? villnge bejmud. Thin villa;^ wtugglerl in the 
rallejr Funnvl bcCwtwn tliu two bills which ahtitted at oitlier exbremil; of 
ihn beairli Id jieedjAtnm eliflk. ftvHnrting tb«r pallid foMS in th« tooltvii 
aa r fc ce of llic MtmtnHr utea. 

P rtwten Uin villago and tbe l<each, and siirtuoiinting Uic lattor lilco 
a fort, extrndM tho tnutino panide, an ftrohnitknient of luftscni-y lyinji 
parallitl wjUi iJio iihon*, and backed hy ihe caaino itmcif, long, low, awl 
jkUrooIcO, all windows and awnings. It contained a eanl roou. 
Iifnknl room, netaurant ami tbenttv, (be last tranamutable into a tmll 
toon Ipj the limplo procos of rouio%-ing the pit nats. 

Tie persona of whom I writ* vrrn not «Jone by Uio M-ntcr'a edge ; 
Ml tbe eonttxn.', tliey tun! Mnrcely luoi-o tbnii elbow room. Oa nitlior 
vde of ihcm »Uxni, cbittteretl. nnd $!eHtiriilat«d a bundml biunaa Ijeinga 
of both aeicaaod all ages, arraved tcore or less on the aamc general ptin- 
(jpk alnedjr detailed. A bunilml otbom paildled, planged. and bobbed 
in iLe pflliirid cliia>mt in front. Twice as maujr looniged, iliittored, and 
figlad in arrriK] i^roujut in tbe ivar — the»o liutt nnpltmdent in the lat««t 
Faiwan (aibiotM fur llio stonili of Auj^imt. Down upon tbta gav scene 
^eolanr. sfmrklt-, nbd Hoiind (jiowerod (be hat, laj^ «iin, longing for tho 
■iQl nino>)t(ini-»iliiiunt titno when be might oool bin own swdtcring 
in the liuiiTT of a am lath. 

BqroDd tho sivmge nuign of tlio awltnmerv sp«d hitker and tluthar 
of light ikifTa or canoM. whom or«ti|i«nbi pni«leiitly wura their 
balkbiK dttsMN and mt b«<r<tf<il)y nmi.Ubipii ae tJioj plied their long 
paidlea. Klnallv, I may meuiiuu tbt> diviug-boBRl, an infernal Ria«htnu 
vtm thirtj-fool ptank aupport«>d at a tbinl of ita length on the axle of a 
UU (»ir of V ' I so rolk>4l into the wuter, to l>e ruabcd tip und 

jampnl olf of l; dirria. That dii-lng-buanl was a iliiilv tjtom id 

tlunideof the Hugluit artiat, who wut not a dashing direr and who 
wvsUl barn greatly praforml U> lake to tho wntor like a duck— tlut la, 
i|aiet]jr and innQothl]r — Itat whom a (also pride ooiuitraiDed to monnt that 
janAMifcial pUnk oiaming after morning, nnd i^ieet himadr off Ute end 

THR oouufwere muby. 

or it M-ith an b^ddibmI c ff o t i B o ldoan or never tiiiocswfu] — to strike the 
water vcrtiokll;. Wliat feob mbuUd pwqjio will mnka of LUchimItcs 
Sir the mice of ttoing likD tlio fools who arc nndj-cuuln 1 

It maj na veil bo inratioaeil herv, since tiie truth in nim to crofi oat 
soobar or Utor, that the name of the t^uta) ami Frtnichilied Ei^liub 
artist was Ik£r. Claude Campbell, and tint he waa, cuiisa|aviitly, no len n 
pcnunago tluui myMoir, who write cooceming hin. Let ibis coofoiAan 
pot tk« reader on his giuird againxt whaterer cxaggoiBtive or jtrr^iidiciftl 
Ktatrmnata he may Uacy he delerta in what I liavc tolJ or liave yrt to 
t«ll. I do ooi pretend to Iw an absolutelj impartial hi-itoriaa of eveuta 
in which myself havo been an actor. I promiao only to act down thingB 
as the; appeared to mc at the time, and Icstc tlic roadGT to dmw hiaown 
ooticliisioos. Did I mnkf> the vorld, or oven or^uuM human aoctotv I 
No; nor nin I rMiMxuihIe fur the )of(ic of eventa, whidi, on tb» othar 
hand, batt often sLi-tick mc as being a abocldng bod systuia of logic. 

As for tho nKl-efafleked American, be was Jsfieraon Montgomery, 
EaquiiB, of Bostoo, u aforaiaid, and he aludl xpeak far himself. 


" Hollo, Juiri JaM a year since we parted on Beacon Hill:'' 

" Hy dear Oampbell," said Jeff, ^ving my hand a titroiis prownrc, 
I his blue eya beamod and hia white tocth flashed, "this ib naUj/ 

■ ittcir. llnvu you been hen long 1 " 

" Maybe » wcok." 

"Avynrkt Rtoll*/ ! how vrr'j »trm\ge.f" 

As 1 da not int«ud to uadsrlinc all Mr. Jefi*B apeeohee,! will explain 
her* that he was onp of those persona who choose their words with cato, 
anil then bartow upon thorn ii certain omphaHis — nn emphasiii of bi-nath 
— « soft oough, so to say. intoudod merely to call yoor attonlloQ to the 
word in question as an unexwptinnaLle word. At fintyou wondeicd 
at the spctikfr's cnmeBtneHs ; afterwards you bc^t a iierroos opprCBStoo 
of tli<; brcatliing appnntus, referable to the olmure pheoomow of syiu 
thetic iifpnetiona. For my own |»irt, thu kind of conaeientious 
oomplnceucr of which I considered this idiosyncrasy of my frinud to bea 
symptom t<>nded to aroino iu mo nil my cannlic and oombative instincts ; 
and, inasmuch as tlis young ^loct was fertile in " notions" and resolute 
in upholding the sniue, our coQTersaticiis were apt bo becwme dittusaionK, 
and our discunsions disputes. Our disinites had never dee))raed into 
qiijureU — w« wer« too diasimilBr for that — though a listuier might aome- 
tiura b&^'o found it diflimit to make thn distinction. But to rcsuuei. 

" Wliy strnogc I " wsjs my in<|uirj', 

">\'hy, that wc shoiildu'i i>ave cucx;unter<-d [ve^'ionsly." 

" On the ooi\tnry, %he strangeness is in our luwlinj* at aO. 1 canti' 
biini to moko Kludiex, and you, I sappoM;, to nuko ronqirasta. How 
many so far ? " 

" Obj yon old eynie I I don't know a «onl in th« i>laoe. It was an 

Tire a>FNTHB»"e bubt. 


■CBJiimitBiy Lciiu; bore at oU, huiI I'w be«a doing notliinj; but aduurs 
Ibw lovtlv elif& an*] Utn poetic seatiwy." 

" Pavtic I ThaL roiuiodB Ban. Fnnlno my UioiigliUtHtmfles, Jeff. Yon 
kifv b(va wooing the uaae, of coane 1 " 

** W«U, I oasteat I Inve been attempting Botn«Uiinf[ ; it's unfioulied 
M y«t, but I bopo it is freah and (trong ; luid I lmlir\'e it to be ongtnnl 
tn traaliamt m well u ia idea. It will tw my mmt kubitions eflbi't 09 
br. A faffny maid falls in low witli th« Spirit of Uie Ocean, and a 

fOet u in loTP with her, anil between tbaM two lores " 

" ^}i ■" <qmM tt lh« ground, or into the witter. Wbicli is it t " 
\ . u arc B.1wa]n ■> ready to mock, CamjilwU. But of wuree it 
't coBu.' from Uie baaK ; it's only your inHliiM^ And rciilly, don'fa 
Ibtnk llie ooixf Uoa Gnn1 I KhouUI liko to i«»dyouiuy dcacriptioa 
ibe pagao mud." 

" Portnh of anybody ia particnUr i " 

** Wall, botwam yon aiv) roe, Campbell, tliem u a young la^y bow— 
1 iloD't know who iibe is, but aliv n;ally tloe* mwiu to he almont tbo tyfM 
I a«cd— fur my pO«ai, I u».>«ii. A tioLIe cnrnton — ^tbe true graml 
pf M ilyto. You would liknhftr; glio would ebano th« ortut e^imlly 
iilt Um poti." 
" 8a yoa have been trotting u]) bill and dowu dalti after ■ pa^atl. and 
okD it writing a poem oti rnetnphysicHl ahstractioDH 1 l>o yo«i never 
to i^ire itp tliia sort uf tlui^', uiy dear boy t " 
R«aUy. what do you ni«n I " 
I^Bg|i"g aflcr woracdt tbe vay you do." 

"Wbat an expraniou ! Evuy otdtivsted auo finds it bis duty to 
lam woman and to ft«(}itont her BOCiBty." 

" But why not ebooae out a rejircaontatiro woman and fi-er]uent the 
whol* anc in facr pnmD 1 " 

" Do yoa adToal« marria^ then t " naked the poet, bin bias eyes 
irwif intarragating the borinm. 

" I MT that, if yon lUfMt make an mb of yoursr-lf nl all, yoa isbatild 
yourwrlf witldn lb« niirmwfat pwadbln limita." 
Itam yitu iTircviiteiiiplalnl matrimony, CWmpMl } " 
** It IS lh« laM. thiiif.' I alioulil ounlcmplnte foi- isVMli" 
" You bare niivcr j^hutmsI for a counter-soii] t " 
" I don't know what yoa mMD, but 1 venture to any I novor hare," 
n^li*>I. " But what wotild bo folly in mo wonld Im* pbilnntlinipy in 

Jeff beaved a Jong n^, " L»t mo wbispct you a secret. You know 
IV \*\m made a fortune in tbe Cnmnn war. Wp bad a oonlmct to 
oniiBb ibe Bowiana witli briaivwood pi|)ai. WuU. lituajk ia now on 
13m cve oS asoUier convict, and ]<ap« hao w>at mo over to omuigB tbu 
flf aiMther oontract." 
** Bnt what liu tbia to do willi your getting niiirnod I" 
" Wby, tbe peraon wbo manages tlio biiaiodw un tba Kuselan aids 



ii oiir old flriaod— the name who amoludad tbo MTtngomenta witb p4|« 
tirenty-five yeain aga Oar nUntiaOH have nlwBjrt vhiuuiuhI intinule 
ftod cordial. And immediAtoly sabe«(|aeiDt to the ItnadAn vnx tbia 
OOUunuouDW ninrriMl, uiil— hiid— oh I " 

Tli« po«t's voice died Bvay ; bis eyn were fixed u])od aomebbtog a 
little Girthrr aloitjf ibo Iwoch. 

" There ! tiinra ! " ho miimiiirM]. "Oh 1 U she not — diviael " 

" Hal that is yoar jMijjan, is ill " 

" Going out in u canoe," wmtiDned Jeff. 

Tliin youDg lutd HtrikiDgly liundsomc ^1, of proportiotw iilmaat 
etatoMqtie, ma not aeon hy mc dov for the firM Umc I had, in (mX, 
ncrtiood hor tbiortij after my ai-rival ia town, and bad takes that 
plnaute in obeerring hor which an artint Poc\a Cor vrhntcnr is 
thoroughly pictiirra|tio. Who liho mua I knew no mora than Joff, 
it woH not to be exjiectod tbit anolbpr xatia't* admirutioo of her ahoill 
be diea^trocabte to nc ; but Aome mua tux Dot anr uiaa, and I mmst 
admit tiiat the roT<ilncion of her identat/ witli tbe aabjeot of J4iff> 
rhapKtdln Rflbctnl me tinpIcaiiaiiLlr. The girl's bcmaty. patent to nx^ 
wiiM not. of a ty)>e to roveal itsfilf to every canJcM utd nDcdocated eye. 
But 1 will not Htt^inpt to defend my feeling. I Rimply Ktato it. 

The youDK lady took her neat in the cauoc and i^rasped thu paddle, 
and an «ld«rly mou^tarhioKl gnntlnnan pushed her olTfrom sboro. She 
WM dresaml in a rather reninrkable Iistliing suit of black, fdashcd witb 
Morlet -, bvr round, Gi'to anus wei-c bacv from tbo ahonlder, and tier 1e^ 
tnan tbo kii«« ; her hair was gathcied up in the ctwtomai^ oiUkiB tmp. 
With two or thrro vigorotta strolcm ahe SROt her skiff well oat b«yon(l 
the crowd of bathers. 

When I tamed again towards Jed* I found be was no longer at tay 
side; be wna walkiug ui* tliv diving- board, on the end of whlcb hn 
balanced bimaelf a moment and then launchoil himself bead foramovt 
into tbe water, which dosed over him with scarce a ripple. Prcaently 
bis head appeared some distance kc^'ond tbo spot ut which be Iwd nntenxl, 
and he bc^nn swimming sfw.wnnl witli viguroua ttrokrw. He wasdincUy 
in the wako of tbo fiiir pn^ii, wba iinawnro of bis pninuit, wiui imddUug 
leicoroly towuxl« th<> tliichcmng buzc on tbe homuo, liettteU oiid hor 
oaooe mirrored distinctly on tbn glassy siuface. 

" PoeA he pn)f>one to overtake Iicr and make bar buor bin poeti^ 
Ute-i-tfu in twelve fotbonia of water t " 1 asked myself. " At sny rmtn, 
ho rc»»ml>l«i Byron in Ui» awiiuming jHiwcn. And bow nistly the 
fellow took Ibe wntor 1 1^ UM sue if 1 can't aotjuil luyeiJf ae well as a 
Uwtoii re|mldican." 

With a sudden accehs f<f ^-aloiir I auatcbed off my ]>ri(nioir aiid c«»t 
it liobiud mo, and, wiOi»iiL '^lopping to «o where it fi'll, I muiintcd tbo 
lalnl phuik with dett)M»nUe Hte|a, mw the trcaeltcraus cleuiuul umilv fora 
moment benoatJi me., nhnt tny pyes, and let myitelf po. 


T fimmw, £n tliat instaat of time wbicli iDtorvpnod Iwtween my 
)mat foot Icsrlug the ^look uid my hmd nwchitij; ibo water, that X 
WB> going ta> make a fiiilara moie than uauolJ^ ignominiouit. A iioun<lini; 
thwack, taking eflfeci along theeDtare length of my fnune, and a painfully 
tia^Uog umimlioB, only partly tho result of fthaUK, immMiiately (tp|>naod 
ni« that my |>ro)>keLiu tnxtimit luki] not hooii at tiiulL. 1 sank, however, 
aad I «aa ghul to fiak ; fur tliough I du>likfl hnvinE my head umliT 
walfT, uy vonnded self-ssteem tonde me dread patting it out again. 
Mocii aa I have setm and nil&nd. and cnlloas thuugh I have become to 
■mt of tba attaiiks oT doatioy, upoa Kome poiato I am etUl &eii£ttiv(T, 
la a dmut suit of cloihea and a dignified AtUlnde I cau guataiu nlmiMt 
any mutfortnnu; Lot if my pijiional afijwMnnoe he laughnhlc, or my 
|>oaitiini a Ctlaeon^ my eoul ha^ much ado to mniiitnin her coostaatry. 

Kaad waa, however, that I should emerge at liut, oiid up 1 bobbed 
anordlmttj. I swam about moodily and OMPciahly durin;; my custonuuy 
fift««ti minutes ; and mch vm the drjc^tion of nty qiirits that the yntnt 
iMiiiiiil oohlar tluui usual, uitd a» I wnd^ my way up a tit«ep Eiicline of 
Um shu>gl« ou ny way tiuL then was a teudeocy to cvnvulatve tihuddei-- 
inp It) the muscles of my lown-jaw. Chilled. IiauiiUut»l, oJid ronauiuuH 
tkat I cut a ridiculoua %ai« before a faahionnhlc and mcrcilcM world, 
wljr wished U> seiM my poignMr, wrap t xouod mo, and vanixh froui 
tha visw and memof^ vt mankind. Soma m«n aru oowed by one t1iiii», 
by another ; and, ODee oowed, a man is no better tjuua a wbipi'fd 
wfaoolhoy, and fMa far less respectable. 

I hasLGuud. thai, lo hido my ducumfiturc in my peijcnotr ; hut at 
thttt Boment the certainty lUshod apon me that I knew not where my 
psiganir was. I bad oeiiU«d to note tbe|klace where I had laid it down : 
«D i^aoa ou a shingle beach ore alike, espedally wlteo that Iwacb it 
cmwiiMl to the water's edge. 

I was standing Cncn to face with the crowd, drfssed in the cnrtait- 
MMtL of costumn nJtsady dnicrihcd, which, haufnog to drippiuj; lulda 
*bOD( taj meagnt funn, raulerad grote«iue that which Ity nnttint was 
1 1 nihility merely. For the first time in my life I regraUfid my six feet 
of staturo ; at five feet I sbould have felt leea defoiusclces as wdl as 
mffmnA len oouspicuoua. Xhero 1 stood befonj the world, shivering, 
laat,aad belplm. 

WhAt was I to dQt it won a pressiinfr qiuatjon, for envry momtnt 
the sitiiatiuu not only physically hut morally more intoloruhlo. 
I tctum to tho water, whtiMO I came t 
'oolsts! Notonly would I eat<.-h my iWlli — a minor evil — but the 
world hy this time know that I hail dtortnl to come out, and by detects 
ingUbSCowuMice of my tvtreal would tender it cuwardioe thrown away. 

flhnalil I steal tbw first pnignoir that came to hand and By I Htui- 
drads WBD soattcnd about. It was hul r«achiog forth my hand. 

Tou zi va. 396. 

■ thai 



Ko, I could not ttm\ : DOt becaosa I vna too Iionatt — &r fVnm it ; n 
covnd Hum ia btTond tbo trach of acmplai— bat beenttw I I»ckei] tho 
ooBrag* to h9 n tliioT. I fimnft dottetion, and laafv I liuAod tlw tt- 
tkiMery to brnzm oat tlie robWr. 

Should I pretend that I ner«r b»d a peignoir, and nbalk insovtiautly 
tiirongli the crovd and up to the bmcli ns I was I 

Impoddbla. I bad not Ihu apiriU for such a lour dtforoi lo the 
fint place, and in tho oocond f hod not tlM Qgnn for it. Moreover, tho 
taairw bad 'vavwA Mtols a^iiiRt Iwthon promonnditii; witboiH p>>i]TQoini, 
and thu thought of being nm-Hted bj- n sKpinil of grndnrmoft and m»rchc<I 
in my ]u«M>nt condition to a lockup was not to be conb>mpUt4td. 

I must, thereforcw ather titAiid whore t 'k»a ntitU my pdgnoir OHiiie 
to me or ioatitate a <l«Iibcrato aosrcb after my pvignoir. To anarch, 
jKirbapa for boiin, nmtdtit a wQdernen of xpotlMS bosUIe slirts and im- 
maculatf Rbrinldng pai>tAloon.s for n fielgnoir soaroely distinguisIiaSle 
firom ftiiv otter pei^oir, and wkiob, too, tniglit havo nlreadv bvcn ap- 
propriated by soma ponton more beedleaa (or more BeIf-poaiH>!»(>d) than 
myaclft Deoidodly there aro timra in a man's lifo when he in forccul to 
arow that Pro»ideneo hag omittiyl to omJow hnman bcio^ with the only 
boon really wortli their liiirtn; — the power, namely, of tostant and on- 
obtrttii'v« aalf-miuuhilwlion. 

Hy aaardt began. I w^nt to n peignoir and examined it ; it traa not 
nmo. With ahaldn^ limb* I bltindereil towards nnotlinr a few ynnfa 
off; it wiwnot mliip. At thia junctnre I hrturd, and affected not to bear, 
a titter of laughter. With my hoartfull ofmunlerand suidde I pounonl 
upon a pei^oir quite near at Imud. It wm the sune 1 bad examined 
first. My brain began to i«eL 

" Moonaor I " naid a gentle voice near me. " Pardon, mondaiir ! " 

Oould flncb words be addressed to me 1 Aa I tottered on the sbifUng 
pebbles, thcowing dazed glaooea here and tbere, I became aware that a 
lady, middle^gnl and of noUo demcaoour, vaa stnnding bcxidc me with 
a fblded peijfnoir in her handfi. 

"Pardon, bntdid mOBaicur chance to lie searching for anythiogl" 
she a^ kml in ^vnoh. 

" My peignoir " 

" I hare peroMved that Mon'dpur dropped this npon eotcriny t^s 
wftter : it ahaU bo his perhaps I " and with a smOc too truly polite 
even to nmm companionate thiM an^l of mataro yooni placci my own 
iileDtlca] peignoir in my aims. 

I clutched ita» Sfacbeih clutched at tlie {ibantom da^^er ; only, more 
fbrtnnate than the tbnne, I felt ft in my gmsp. Some part of my annaea 
ntomod to me, 

'• Madnmo," I stiittetwJ m well a« my chattering tectli woold let nie, 
"yon come from doing me the greatest favour womAn mn < 'in 
man. I shall never focgei it I thaakyou,madaue, frv>mlhi.' i ^y 

aool, and i mlute you with the moat dbtinguidied gritltude and raapeot. 






Tfc* doar of this noble aotioa bowed and etmilcd gradouBl^, ami I, 
my peljiioir ntwut mo, Htxlked bo1d3y tlimugb (Jic crowd to m^ 
toQet cabin. Tbe distuicn wan not grmt, but Mich wao tliD ^low of 
giatitodo in my h«*rt that by the time I amved there I waa not only 
warm \m% dinoiii diy. Nor did tho effect of tiaa Irindtiew stop nt my 
ikbi ; ny inusortfti p«rt, its JdFuui;ht have c«Uci) it, was BwMtenod nnil 
audcod ; n^rvr, that I (muld reroembftr, hati [ lioen auocoured so oppoi^ 
tuasly or in socfa poignant need. Ba that Udy wbo sho niiglit, &hc vM 
vortiiy of all bomngc, and if it von]d have done her any ^ood T Ixtlieve 
ttat, eonfiriBol lnrh«Ior though I watt, I would \i»ve oSenA her my 
tWHl and heart aa aoon a.t I Lad finijiliod my toilctv 

But I tmsWd to niy f>ood geniii* to lind me somo better way of 
MfoMnft ho-flkvoor, UIh md to reflect bow Cew waya there ar« of oblig- 
ing o«ir fpllow-rrctttureft. People vould do iiior«for«&« aaothftr hut for 
tlw diArulty of finding Gotnothins nt once pmctical and pnoticnhl^ to do. 

Tbe firnt tiling tliui attrB^^b-d my notice, when I iamioJ from my 
Oafeati and rvtumnd to tho bcaeh, wna that tbo hazo, which all tbe 
moranm had lain alonj tha hnrimn, had now thickened gi-eatly and 
■dvwKvd tipoa On) idiorc. Xothin;; wan vLuble at twenty pocoe, and tho 
ia^ aboBO through by tbi.' aun, drifted softly over the bustling crowd, 
wUob was alrvady iM^nmng to stream homDwards. 

It ««a a fiMtty vpectado, bat ono likely to be regarded with diSerent 
hUnga by an Sbiglialiman «afe on dry land and an American loot tn 
i«iiT« btltoiBB of water. JelT had not oome back to ehore, and beizt^ 
eat of rif^t of land, it necoMarily followed that lu> wna lost. The 
prarer ilian might at firat aght bnvu ajipcareil, for tlte 
had hail timeio got fully a mile oat to nca, and at iiiat diitt&uA& 
tbm wvre Htronif eiirrrnta whloli might sweep him awdy altogetfaer. I 
■■II I If! I tl)f> while lilauk lieforo me with aoxioos eyes, but it rercaled 
BoCUnir- Pom- Sr^'. 

T (m^ui to experience that oncomfortable semntioo ooeaaaotied by 
fcmnring a frieod to be in pcrO, and fooUng tbe neoeauty of doing eome- 
Ibiag to revnti him. More grievoofl bvt more oonreoient ik it when 
tite inavitalile ncciirK at once, and una na tbe annojance of tsuE{iniR.>. 
1 oonld bare iwrrowcd heartUy atxl sincerely over tbo poor poot'a 
dwi w iiw l liody laid out npon tbu aliiugle, but tiwro was no antiafiicUon 
in taking Bi««ran« to ascertiiin wbettier or not ibe corj«o were an 
aBOOoptialiad bet — to poirtpone, in other words, the luxury of grief for 
ihs anguish of action. 

A group of sailors were collected rotmd a boat at the water's edge, 
vfaiah UxTf aMnned (o be on the pdnt of Uunching. A lady viiM 
baraagtttng tbam eanuaUy. As I approachwl 1 lecogniied her as the 
baotiiP of tnjr late aih-fntnrfi with the peignoir. She was aaying — 

'* It voM in that direction that I last saw her. She bi alnady, pr- 
llapM, a kilom^irc diaUuit. Thare is no time to loee, mind yoo. Behold 
m» distraited." 



Roto whs my opportiiDity ; I etm\A kill boUi m; Urds with one 

■Uni«. I stepped forw«rtl witli nu*ed hnt, tuul |tUoe<l mywLf st tho 

li)i|KMnl of rcuiiiiine distraR. Hating; nvjtectfuUjr rocalloil luvscir to h^r 

' TecoJI«cuan, I tnKR<>d to be bonourml intb th« distincttna of bring per- 

iniU«d to promote tb« iLl1oTiatio& of tbo «iuri«ty ttndor which aha 

^jjp&rod to be UboariniK. 

8bc tbonkvd me wtlb u-dour, but to ioconremeuce iu« would deeolato 

Hftving nxwived at her hnadH a favour beyond esUmatJon, I should 
Ettpire of chagrin in th« ase of beu3g i-ofuwd th« piivil«{^ of teetifTiug 
tc Bome d(-nrc« r.he A^fth and liwlinem of my reoo^itioD. 

Madunic hoi-uii)>uo vuucbKKfril tu tiifurui mo Uial tiiA(!om<»ao1Io 
(Unghtsr had paddlnd away with bonelf into the fog, and then waa frar 
that sbn bo lontt in unknown occana. 

I bad diviii«tl as mtidi a« Uii^ but I waa caroTul not to nay m ; dot 
(ltd I open my mout^ on th^ BubJccL of Jeff. It vaa aufficiFnt for me 
jicrreive that Jeff and the youiig Udy in tho case y/nv probably not fa 
tfnri, aod that to find on« woald ho to find botli. Meanwhile I would 
' not deprive Madame of the gratification of believing that I waa setiog 
her iateresta only. So. ent««ating her lo be tnuiii)uil and to expect 
my return witli her daiight«r in less than a quarter of an hour, I ^s 
bered into tiie boat with all [tosatblo dignity and deapabcli and bade mj 
men above olf. Madaiao obocrvod my dopartare with qyos that 
mitinely uoint. 

It waa a tolembly mih) pjece of heroism. Had I been ten 
younsiei- 1 mi^bt bft ve wished that the wavce h»<l bi^eii running' muuntHiijii 
high, but nlthii-ty-fivo — the age of sense and of feeling com liined — J waa 
Iwttrr pluuKxl with tlio coaditionfl aflthey wore. I wae not in lovo wjtii 
-.-«nylx)dy, and wished only loeotnbiue courtesy and good breeding with th 
?ftilfi)ini-nt of :i )>rivnti^ duty. It luul gmtifted me to obeerre, in my brie 
.oonvoraation with muduiie, her appi-eciatiou «f the allerevl aepect of 
whom she had tiitit loiown aa an idiot and a ecarecrow, not to mmtion' 
his durncy in iqieakinR the language of tho moat polished peopio in the 
l^orld. I admired, too, the kindlyingonuity with which Fate hud ln-ougfat 
raoquainteil wiUi tim mamma of the iMaiiUful pagan, and uudercir- 
Btanos ao promising. 

But it is tinaafe to call Fnto good-humoured : it spoihi her tamper/ 
Our boat was baialy afloat when an orcnt occarreil which reudcred our 
proposed voyajjo unocoeesaty. Somehow or otb«r, without nuiae 
wttliutit premonition, the fog rolled cwifUy luck to the liori»m when 
it came; and there won mademoiwllc not more than a fauodrud 
from shorn Bha waa paddling in with admirable eoolnAM and tndifibreDco; 
and close behind lier I was happy to see the black bead and roiy 

tbo poet, who was swimming on hie back with every aiipeanince of 
I and comfort 




I hmnieatd to f[iit on shore again and oflin- tv Mudiuao my coDjjrutu- 
hrtiooi. 8hv ivplipd t)i»t iwc obUgnLionK Co JMouiiieur won aon« ibe Uo. 
Bi» ooartaqr, liia chiviUr}-, had heem such us one never acea ponUleled. 

Uofuiw, eovetvd with confusioa at caosid«nticii » ondeserved, 
dniigM the mbjed hy cKlLing tbe attentioQ of Madame to the cbaniung 
pidUTB made liy MoiIcinoisDlIt in approocbiag the 1>cucb. UimI he Uwi 
hisaketck book «itii him, ho would have boon tooiptal to nuJce a UuLb 
dravisg of MadnmutseUe. 

Sk I Moauar ms, tlwti, an artistl Madatue, and MadeiuotselW 
Bkawiaa, wen all ^veo to arliaia. They had made ptiixibii£e of (Hiv«ial 
pi uuw duriqg tfadr Teodcncc in Paris. 

Motinear«*iU vcDtoretocall Kimself an artiict, adi) vill, rnrlUantiore, 
ba*B Um* anunnoe to make Madame ac<iuuiiit«(1 with liia namo— M. 
Claude UaupbeU, at the Mrrioe of Madame. 

Bat traly I and did Monaifiiir Campbell happen to know thlx Ckoij)- 
bcU— be, tbe gtmt dunpbellt ho who pointed bbia picturo divine vhicli 
Vcbitwtod itself at the luat Salon, and wa« entitl«<l the " RuiniKl llam- 

Hocuieur, even in ltlu£hin]C and lieiug overwheljued, aaauros Madame 
timt hm is that aune fortonato Campbell whose unworthy eflort Mndamo 
camaa ^m (jiialifyiDg with auclt geuurouty. 

Graal God I Monaiutir is he, then, indeed that BubUme, that adored 
man of genitia 1 Wliat happy chance ! What chnroitng reNOorilrw i 
fist in thia case Madame hopee that the tMme of the Couuteaa Semaroff 
vQl be to Monneur not altogi-thcr unfamiliar t 

Oh I Heaven I la it poitsible that Monneur is so liappy aa to kuta the 
bftod al the Dobte lady who deigned to conrtitnte bet^f the pnrcbaacr of 
tit* ahoTD-ountioiMid "Ruined RainiNirf't MonsMnir ia of a verity 

Tlw Counteoa BMsaroff oUei-vea Umt MitdvmutJfvllv— the Counteea 
Almafm in effect— will jNuiake of bca- mamma'a oncluuitmeikt in meeting 
MoDaleur Campbell, of wheao genioa she ia an ardent adiniter. 

Unr rude and artless talk vim Kiupended nt this point hj the di^m- 
t«rkation of the Coiiiitna Alinain. A{]pr«beiidiog that the Kimplivity 
uT btr coatowe might reodiT my iiumediate preaentatiun undcairable, 1 
focbaikged a cardial av revcir with the Connteai SemonifT and discreetly 
withdraw. The beaotiful pagan, aftAi- nEohnn^ing a few aentenoea with 
har DMther, Uiv Uttui- epeoking eameatly and the former laughingly, 
pcocaedad to take her turn upon the diving-board, and an|uitt«d bcnelf 
in a tnaiincr tndy lulmimble. She dove like a plnmmot, and hor white 
ieet lUahed beneath the ■tiri*<>'' as succinctly as a uomuud's tail. Up 
^B tarn* again, fnoh and drif^ting, within a few yards of toy returned 
imdiipd. the Borttoa poet ; but no eignnl of i-eoo^ition that I could 
dittei pMMd bMvMO them. To suppose that the ardent awl romnntia 




JcAenon lud &ilnl to improve the ocoudon of boiiig iaohtod from Uw 
world under *ucL poculiiu- arcuiusbmcw witli tlur svl^jeol of biB Lda 
.rtApaodlei MooMid to m«^ bowevw, highly itnprolinltltL Rut Ui» young 
' eoanteaB lud doaUins plajetl dbcntion uaiier tlif wstrhfttl roalemAl 
c^e ; and Jeff, perhApSt iutotded Ut etmfxni hU «scnj«4le tnm my friendly 
iuqniBitJon. I wss rMolved, nevertbelen, to penatnte bk ntuwoM, and 
pmmiaed myself ilie piemmre of liBteuin; to an entertattung atovy tmt 
OBT dtjeuruT. As to my own tiocultmtttl introduetiun to the connteai 
OMthor, and tli« uucxpcKtwl tie Ixitween ux, I judged it adriiablc to ftir- 
bofu* mcaitiomng it jusl ut prcecnU 

The poet reached his depth and waded atihoi'a I stcpfied fonranl (o 
iBMt bjin, raiidng my cap. 

" Cnptoio W«Lb, I ptwome 1 " 

" Ob — bnti Cajupbell I " catclauned be with an tn^able look, ** waa 
she sot heavenly I " 

" Po«tponr yonr oeetMiM ; y«u1l tw a rhwimatic cripple for life fts it 
it. T>ci you knov you've been in on hour 1 " 

" Itdoeen'tBeemteamioutes — toA yet 1 have lived n Ufctimx? too!" 
"You liave water on the brain. Do you know where yourpoignnruir 
Souewhot to my mortificatioo, bo did l:aow, and, an he threw it 
<m>r lue ■boulders, remarked plncidty, " But really I'm oot in the 
coM. Men of my ago have faearls, Oampbdll, and a heart on fira 
the blood warm under all circHuistauoe»." 

" It takes a lioHionioD to bave n heart waRuit«d to bum under 
wutcr for an hour." 

"And then." ho continud without boedinK mo, "did aotagod< 
beep tho flami- iilivo with Imt ambrosiul bivalh t " 

"Deoidi^lY bu must have hail au mlvunture,* thought I. "But 
despatch yonr toilet, yoong man, and Uiett yon gliall d^tuner with mo, 
and we'll liavB cliablia and dgareCtaa." 

" I eball bo most happy, indeed. I won't be a moroeat dreeain^" 
Mid the p(M<t b^iminffly ; and he dodged into liis nhiu. 

" Patbetic little youth t " thought T lui 1 jmced the [laiBde bo and 
"Qood fellow at Iwfctom, but bo soft.' — tin; sort of crcHttiro 
trample on and women make game of. Ho Iihr Uiat moat ofltmni 
of ijualities — inoffeAsivencw. But, lndtily for his peAce of mind, he 
ido1i»ca himiwlf, and w too stov-wittnl to eomprcbend the eontempt i 
other jtMiple, After all, his «elf-«ouee{t hsa as much jtutifloation 
nnylwdy's. He fwv a. prutty fmx! wlicu b<! luok» in th« ^\afs, wriloe 
pmtty vei'iii'a with conacixu ous rliyuk<!8, ult^fnt pn*ttT aeniiiiiGntii, and 
xaea pretty pbraaea. How is he U> kfww that the world reads all this 
pretlinew without the r t But Providence, in emptvinK hla akutl, 
mi>ivifaUy filloil his jxtclcotK. Witli \jnx ihooanud p^unJa a yetir ho 
buy BUmrthiug. WhiU he can't buy ift the nbiLitj to wlu for a wife suob 
a woman as this young oountMn. In he in love with her I Ife think* ae, 
DO doubt, and mmnR to mske bimfidf poetically mbienihle al«ut bur. 


Ub t7|4 of laen an Tor uvei- lodcg tbcir boKrte milee nboTc Uto rroch of 
timr Inula. He luu been KOtiing ufT n>ni« inano tiniiibv|aiuibviHm to 
har Uu» iiuniuxi|[, dufttuttn); or auiuaiui; hn m the caiu may l;0, sud 
tkM MMao off wmno in tbc (onriotioD of Lftvmg mmdn a ildt^litful im* 
liwiuiL And HOW — ooofound hi&i ! — ho will bo foi- proBocuting Clio 
Mq if in tmcp bdiI L-xftcctin^; me to liack him ii|). What nhall I do ! It 
vonld bfi Aionitlr to diMnitd« him from hftving ftu^Uiinfi; uon to My to 
tfaam I but Im'ji ob«Uua(« and won't L« diwuulMl. Well, the KpeeUule 
of neb » wuciiag can't (oil to be entertaiais^ anil, (tinoe I cnnl prevent 
Hy why sliuuMu't I enjoy jl I To aiignieut cxcitemeat 1 might givL> 
Matknoiadki Alnuum ■ cptiet hint to tip him bh oocaatonol doK of 
■keoangeoMOt. Poor JciT I Ah I Iicrv bo eotuM 1 Now lot lu WAtdi 
Mawcpmd under the InlltMvice oTrh&lilia." 

Tin msnajwetiag i)oec took my nnii, iintl wc ml out for my kHlgingB. 

IL ** titnr ctuinning ttip Old Worlil is," ho nauukod pKMDtly. 
p " Yon W9 an Aai^iwin, and «reiythuig here ddiglitiiyou liy ooQtnwL." 
I ** Uat Tm jMilriotii;— vcn,-. I'm n descMidant of tljo Puritans, and 
'Viy fmt^uthuv fought on Bunker Hill." 
•* Yw, yon Yimkcea are alwajB bringing up the men of 76, whom, 
■wfrc yua to moot them <»t Beacon Street to^ay, you would ctit dtnd. 
SHan JOQ have rtially r(>ntnvcd to cJriliM yourselves * litilfi in the Uuit 
centnry, why do yua inant upon falling bncli on the Tcputationn of a 
I^Voel oftagiag fiimient who were abot agM bofare you were bomt If 
. 2 wro a Yank«A I'd keqi mum about th«ni." 

** All, you uwy talk, but at leant yon know America is tlio grcatait 

'Mtftuth," rejoiued myfri>>nd with unruffled good-humour. "I'm 

I vera >l<<liglil«<l with your visit Inst year." 

" I confer to nuiur fWDvty : beyond thut one sdii in the Stain only 

[Ihinga which he thanks i{en%-ai he haoi't got at home. America malua 

SarofNKna gnU^vi and oootented.** 

" 1 duly yoa to put yoor fin/^er on one ftatniv of civUlsaUon liote 
IImI dacH not ezbt (n a ititp«}Hor form in the Statu. Thei-e now I ' ' 

■■Tc) hf^n with, tJien, why tUd yon take tho ti^ubli; to com« o\-cr 
Umn to grt a. wife, if tliere are more desirable vivos to bo had in Boston T " 
"Hov did you know thalt" 
"IIowl IUtb I board uaything from you tiiis morning except about 

^K ** 0*1, you inmu her 1 Y« ; oh, ym ! " 

^^^^' Good ht«iv^D» I doM the man mean to ioitinuate tliat he boa any 

^^^Bfe- vtmian in UiiM htfniis]ihfc« in hb eye t " 

^^^^ Why. t<t tijll you tbr tiiith, my B»ther aeol me orer here just for 

^^ iWl i>caT purpoae — that hsd tbi' pipes." 

H '■ Wbat and thti pipaa t " 

^1 " Tu nHMti 1^ young Udy I tun going (o marry." 

^P "And Is yoor iKnuttful jngan Iho yoong Indyytmai* to many, 




** Ah I I jtist wiab tiie tw I " raid Jeff ray nWnll/. 

** Tbjs is bocomin^ lotcnKting, my yaaag (HnuL Bofe ho^ my 
hotiae : we'll hsvo our brrokfut, nnd tli«ii a coDsultaticni over ottr wins. 


I irprCHseJ my curicM^- during the meal, but wbea we had aettM 
down to oar Moood bottle wd thft dptwH— I fixed my V*m cb my 

OODUIBDion Mid sud^ 


•' KA yoa mo that dire f " asked be. 


" Hera of ooune E^-crj-tbing I ny gr do meaaa ber, now and Car 
enr, one and iiueinrRliIc '. " cried Jeff, opou wbom the vine was 
eTideoUy bcKinning (o work. 

" But what about the oUkt young lady 1 " 

" Sink tha otiiur young lady, sir I I oevsr faave saeci bar, and I 
ttanr waut to." 

" Well, then, about tbe p*gsa. Did tbe tog reveal yoar sdiiIb to ouo 

*' Sqw, Campbell, I wisb jou would please not <^att,'' said Jeff 
ecrioufcly. " I doo't like a nuiu to be alwayii cynical. Is there realty 
BoUung Bscxod to you uijrwberel Wo Bo^toniaim are not brought up 
■a; and tbia is a aacrttd subject to nc-" 

*' Kot more lo than to me, my dear feUuw. Yon alia'n't have cause 
to eouplain of me again." 

" I accept your apolony," eald Jefi* with dignity. " Tour Iwalllu'' 

Wo emptied our gtaaaes. 

" Wbi) was that handsome middk-aged lady you were tsUcing with 1 " 
Jeff asked. 

The question rather took me abode. " You are more tbe traditional 
Yankee than 1 had iunpned ; you pret«nd to tell a stoiy and only aak 
a question. As for that lady. 1 uorer Baw her before ia my life. I 
should fancy her a Pole or an Auatnui. But doget on with your stoiry." 

" Then is no loal tiory with a b(^;ianiug, middle, and end. RmiI 
life doesu't arrange itself tu tliat way." 

" "Thewf is always a middle, at any mte." 

" 1 will plunge in meduts rra, then. Did yom ofaasrre her paddling 
out I" 

*• To t» rare I did." 

*' And did you dirine hvr object I " 

*' Well, as to that " 

*• My d«ar Campbell, don't you aeo that it was ft c«se Of/it>/it inltr 
»itli«eat Hbe puddled out iu ordm- tiini I might punoe bar." 

" Ob ! How did you find out Umt t "* 
' By intuition," crkd the i<oet fntliaEJaitticnlly. ** We aro fn stich 



tjnpithj, thti nnd I, tliat I feel wliat she fiflii. A tootton 

^ei Ibe •koaUiort » turu of tbo D«ck, a Birt of the ]>ndUI«, nil l>ear a 

■Mj 'i t mrantnii; U> m^ eye. Why, for a f]uart«r cf an lioor aftur stAttiti^ 

oat tbb nortuDK, I cottid sm notbing liut her back ; &nd yoa know 

Ifaav* in'l oHimrily nitich— connnuition in a penon's back." 

** I believe juu an rijjbl, Jeff." 

** But in Uiiii caao," l>e ocmtinued warmly, " I saw tbroiigh liei- biwlc 
all tbat WH gnfaig an in her mind." 

" Poetic iiuifhi. I have hmni of it bcforu, but novcr knew- it to 
aei ao po w w f ully a* it does witb yo«i." 

** Y« ; and, in [iroor tbnt I'm not mistaken, aEm did jugl what I knew 
tvonld do bi-roreliand." 
>Aad what was that I" 

*■ How- good this chabltu is I The fii-st thing she did was to paddle 
^itoitJfbt out to Ma. Slie diO Uiot to try uiy fnitL." 

H "A poeC'a fiutli can more inonntains," Miid Jeff, n little incon> 
^BaaqaaBtir. **Had I been as otbera — bad I been lees terribl; in oameat 
V — I «bfl(ild have got disoouruged or ofiended nnd giwa ap the cIismj. 
B Itat tbat U not the Puntjin etyle. I kept right on, and iit Itel I forced 

tt«r to nlt<Y her tacUoe." 
^ " And all cbis thiougli the back of her limd 1 Wonderful I " 
^^^ " Well, ao abe altered ber ttwtuo, and — what dd you tliiuk 1 " 
^^^V* I haven't a gUmtneriog." 

^^^"*aie Mopped — short," miid Jeff, Imuing ocroa the table with bia 
Uae <;«■ wide open iind icpoaking in an inipiv««iv« undcr-to<i«; "and 
tlMiwiiM Mt jierflectly Htill. willi her liack Ntill tui-ned towai-da loe." 
I ** So that >-ou laigUl ooutintie to tnvl her thonghtat " 

H ** C'^nphell, 1 trust 70a are not aeoffing 1 " 

^^^ My dw ftllow " 

^^^^ Toa atw mj fHesd, but tborc an aon« things " 

" " Nuthin;; iqjiirM trindahip so iDUch a« ui^iiat siutpicionv, JcfT," I 

1^ mud, with a Mlanmilj alimat equalling biit own. He poft«ned tii o»««. 
■ ** f OTSin me, old fellow ; I woe bas^. 'Vbn blood of Bunker Hill, 
^noo kww- WeU, and w I gained npoo her— and here's ber health, 

" Biini|ier« I " said 1 ; and ngnin we art down our glauces Pinji^. I 

»bcgaik to feel a lliUo warmed up myself. 
" At iMt J w«A witliio tea jaide of her. Just then 1 ran into one 
Bf tlKMB bonid blue jdiy-fi«h, and it atarLted me to that 1 madea Hplwli, 
uddie " 
" Turned ronnd ) " 1 auggnted, for lie h^d pAUMd agitatedly. 
** Aaj other wooian wnnld have turned round : she did not. 8ke 
■tartnl pmiwptiMy, ili(r|i?d her paddle on the right side of the ouioe, and 
Lahot diagonally towanla Lha U>(1. Kur a mome^nt I saw bar in profile." 
"Wall, didn't vhn tip you a wink I 1 beg yoor panhm, Jofl*, upon 



my wonL I tnian, did she not, «t the momeat of the profik, txnid niam 
jDU ft smik or a gliaec oT cnooaragenoat I " 

" Whftt cnooumgotiunt did I noed t Bondoa, Hm tine for encoivRgV' 
meut hod not ynt come ; I wu iitUl At the jicnod oT jiroWtiou." 
" Hei- tarkiiig, Uieu, ww a Cntii trial uf your conftteiicf I " 
" Not of my (.-ooBtaiioy — that vm alnudy otm&nned — but of aaolber 
jt^, my wlf-rwpecL Btupect, CampbttU, h ever Uu beaia of true 
lovo. ThU WM » t&Mt critiod jiiDCtura io our aequaiutiuce. Had 
I sl&vialiiy fallowed her toek I khould have lott more gmuiid morally 
Utfta I gaiDed niuterially. No, I did Dot tack ; I kept fltraigbt on, and, 
u ebt bad paused again, I vras aoou beyond ker. It was at tliat siqmoM 
ffioownt that we found onrHelres euTeloped In the fog^«laiia togo&ac, 
between tea nod boaTOu t " 

" Jefi^ this ifi becoming exciting." 

" I kept on. By-and-by, bowerer, I stopped. I could now bandy 
dated thi> outlines of hm- canoo through the pallid film of mint; bat 
aoou the outlinoi grew di«tincter — a3ie was apprwcbing I Right un she 
oaou with gracuTul atrvugth, iiud |atuvd within a paddle's leuglL 

A moment eye lo cy« tliey sbayed, 
Thn poet and the pognn tniuiL" 

"Jeff, this ia poetry." 

" A verse I coupoeed at the time. Do you like iti" 

" Can you aak 1 But this suspcoae ia wttaring me oat Do, 
oome to the point." 

" What point, dear Campbell f " 

" Uang it I t)i» point of eootact" 

" Sir, I fail to undm-stand you," said the majeeUc Jeff. 

" Qamaum I Who nndontauds bcttur than a poet the 
nocewity of a point of oontaet T Here are your eliaraetcn Iwt — T meanT 
here are yoiur {loet and yonr pagan maid loet in yo»r fog, and iit«ying 
eye to eye. Beyond reach of outside help, you are all in all to each 
other. 'Boigour, coimteas.' 'Bonjour, luonsieur.' * We ap^Kvir to be 
lost.' ' I fear you uro faiigoed,' ahe tnys. * Tito delight of arnvnimtg 
with the C^unte«ii AlmariL would suffine to T&ttovo me, wero tluU the 
oue.' ' Perha|Mi, if you were to rest your hand on Uw gunwale,' she 
continues. ' Vou ovei-wltelm lue,' murmur you. ' Nay, I would keep 
you from bdn^ overwhelmed,' she smiles. ' You are my guidin;; star '. ' 
you oxdaim. ' If I only knew whither to ^<1o you. And miimma 
will be so anxious,' she sighs. ' Knaws the Count^it^^ Seniiuoti' th»t we 
are togeiberl ' you inijuire. Just at this instant another of tboee horrid 
blue jelly-fish comiis along, oausiDg yoa to pro another splosh and sink. 
She scrMm», stretches out her )iAn<l to save you ; yon cateh it, prtM it 
impuUively to your Mi^. . . . Well, there^s your point of eontaet. 
Now go ahead." 

Hie eloss and safioua attention which JvIT had gfvcn to this sally of 
mine bad stimuhitMl me to make it as aboard as possiljle, and may be 


UiKt Uit ghi* of olublia luul someUiiitg to do vith my uprigliUinoM. 
Bui ia iwportioo m 1 wmnii»l Jdf wemed to ooot ; he Inuied bis ebeek 
^ Bpoa hia butd, tad directed k proloand gufr into tlio bottom of his 

tpl{r ■wiaianhm. At Icnj^li he muti«>n«d t>i«ao tiingaUr words — 
" Bow eoriously tiling (x>ui« oaU" 
"Bat wint h&pfMoed afltr you kwed her buid t " 
" I didu't kin iC ngbol Uie poet. 
*' ?lDt mSlar Meapting tbo support of k«r canoe t " 
"I didn't Moept it ; tha didu't offer iu" 
** Xot Kpmk aUiat it at all ) " 
'* 8ha Mul notbitiK ; 1 oud nothing : DritlHT of lu ■mjtliing.'' 
" 'Dieo wb>-, in tlie name of Btupe&ctioD, did you tak« tlie troubla to 
Iwt ia tW ibx with bor 1 Cotter h*T« Etejred on shore." 
" liad I known tin Oountcn SHnaroff wus there, perhaps I should," 
^^ud JvS, Ij-^iVtnj up. 

^B I Mloond in spito of nxyaiM. I, a nun of five-ond-tkirty, had been 
^fptiwid KWK* to nroal to thin boy tiie Msrat of my aoqitaintaoce with 
^PAsm ladiea. I aboald now bavo no excuse to oOcr for not introdudng 
I Urn. Vorily that ehablia cut both ways. 1 haateoed to revert to our 
vrigbttl topic. 

**8»tbaM Va« tto point or contact after aUI" 

" Not what you would uiU Kunti, O you English materioUst," said 
tim poet oloqiHtntly. " Bui our pointa of riew are eo iDcompatible. 1» 
••4 tk« aool more th&n tho body 1 lutd, if so, is not a looh of the eyes 
Biem Utan a touch of the band t Our Bpirit« met, Campbell, though our 
wthly hmoM betd alDof." 

"Bot wouUI yoar iqiirits haT« met any l«M had your Mu-tbly CrumMi 
tiriMTsl In a more materialistic and inteUJgible way I " 
Jaff sbook his bead dnwmilyt 

"YaoanoT thaaa wlio know not bow to enjoy the raso upon rts 
italk. Yoa must needa cull it and iuMert it iit your boutottniim. You are 
■at SMi litji'fi eiiough to apprehetid the rarest delist of tho ^rawi* 
p t m iim that of ragarding the beloved object in hvr intact state ere tlie 
pare B|ikireorherpen»nAlity biM bean invailwl by materialistic afiproach." 
** Wdl, Jt^ it's BVident yon know mora shout womeD than I do. 
Bat. ftdmitting wlial yoa say, I still maintain (provided your inteutioos 
with tlw tVuiitaas an raally Mrious) thst you ar« not taking the ntarsst 
WBf lo « w^Tit'mi"' issue. Tho fl«efa it- altigffiith, but it has its com- 

IV) iiMfdrad Bostouian took his dgaivitA betwMn two tingem and 
i^w«v«<d it ia aa lUnstmtirp nuuuier as be said — 

^H "BiqipaBe, dear Oanptiell, you were starting on a journey througb a 

^^pfidaoi tauit of ooontiy — a winding vulley, say — luid snppoav 1>dbre 

^PiUiaftoiit,youelijnbDdahni oomniauding thi-> valley.iuid took a birdV 

isywTitw of yoar pn»|kiwid lunic. Wiml<l yon uojuy that jourtM^ more 

■■ fiw having BQlicijuUi 1 it aplhtoally by that gUaool " 



" Ha ! melhinka I ooooeive jroa. Yotir |Hj8hokigiod biuiQCM U 
merely a »on of bamwcide feaurt. deiigQed to vliet tlie polato for «oltd 
vioDdb to follow. Having brought tlu bkoacswlMital [nrt of jFOor 
lovo-makin^ to n happjr issat, yon now propcw* to {mruHt tJut gama 
iipon X practical Ijums 1" 

Jeff l>Luw • iwrcii« cloud luul regarded m« vitL a coiupU««nt 

" Ym, I moui to many her now," oud lis. 

" Ami leave tlie other withont even a bird'a-eye view i " 

" By■tll(^-i)V, 1 must tell you about thai. You kiiow I woa saying 
this nionuiig that the Kivuunn ooramUsionw, our friend, bad married. 
Well, ho had n daughter, and this daughter and I woro t^ our raq>MttTO 
papua dt«tiuod for oacli otltor." 

" I foft— a uuion of poliey, liko thorti of the royal (kuilioa of Earopa.* 

" To me ilie id^i of utilUing the sacred covenaut of marringe in the 
interest of mei-e buuneHS always SMioed borribto and revolting. I fold 
my (kihar ao," 

" And h«, III venture to flay, told you you were a srutimcalAl >'OUBg 


" If that had been all ' nid Jeff, wagging hu bead significantly. 

"Well, what was tiop« morel " 

" Only this. Afuir I bad pcoUwtnl one day, with oil the eloquence 
I couid muster, ngninst the cold-bloodod infiiiiuunity of binding tkpwn 
two froth young xouls, who had nover seen each other, to such a con- 
tenet, be rRplied (you rom^mber liix dogmatic, high-handed way), ' Eitbcr 
you marry her or you tivo on three hundred [xiunda per annum.' " 

"la that case," said I, uot without a secret feeling of rtiief, " JWO 
certainly tron't many the pugan iniud 1 " 

" Why not 1 ' 

" Becanso, to go no further, you wont get her to take you at 
pounds per annum. You don't know what living on sui 
income mMns. I do ; and I van toll you that, even without a wife and 
children, it'ii nojokL-." 

" But, dear Campbell, you wem to forgul that I loro hor." 

" Take the advice of a man who has Keen more of Uio world Uiaa you 
have, and forgpt it youi-self. I am taking fwriousljt now, JtiT, mkI for 
your good. You do not love this Coant«B Almara, and, to be Cnmk 
with you, it in not jjosnblo that she ever shonld core for you. Yon tuLve 
a strong will ; use it on U>c side of common aense and — filial piet^. 
When were you to meet your intended I " 

" Paris wAM tlie rcndezTOiu appointed, but " 

" Pack Alp your tmpe and l« off to Paris tliia very aflerooon.' 

" But H wasn't for a week yet that " 

"Nevermind. Gut away from hurv; that'fi tho main poinl. l)on*l 
remain within n^eh of tempLition." 

" CVLUiphell, Uiis in not temptation ; it's a forcgono ooodukiou. 1 am I 

to many the Countess Almara. 
11 not go la Fttfts." 

Our meeting here was lal«d. 


TDE oouyrasars bl'by. 


t*>n T«n tho Connt«& Almnm won't bnve yaw." 
r^>W aUwni awliile. Pnneiitl; lie looI(t.>d up nud mdi — 
** Hew <0^'k&ow eho won't?" 
" WfU—DWer Riinit," I thought it prudent to r«pl>-. 
1^^ Tfanro ma aooCbvi- niluuoc. Sndticu]/ Joff uid, " C»aipbeU, if I wenb 
^^ Porii woalil yon go with mat" 

^H Tbb torn nnbamawd me iiKfun. It wQiild not exactly anit my 
^ponvKklvie* to gaU) Pkris that ahemoon. Tliere were some Ihioga I 
' vkatad to — littcnil to. 1 wondered whether my young friend wi» be- 
' snapietoaK. 
■* OiMild I ba of any M<n'im to you there t " I inqtnred. 
** Aflvr all I don't know that yoa couM." aaid be aflnr a moment'R 
** Bmid«ai, thAokiiif; you all tlio Kamo for your a<ivico, dear 
t^BipMl, I've nuule up tny iniud to atny liom. I can never love, much 
IflB marry, any otiun- wonuin than tlio CoiintcRS Aliaara." 

TlMre wu a oittaui «l«<nmit of nobili^ in the pWid obatinanr of 
tbe young fellow, who was rommittinj; thn atDAring foUy of reaigning 
Ihi ih—""]-' a yrar fur tlii(> nakc of a girl to whom he had never BpaitER, 
awl until the last two or thrm Aam never seen, that touched me a 
tittla and mndn me iveolve not to let him rain himself wiUiout another 
ribrt to ttvvhim. 

**J«A^ you are an aw," I mid bluntly. "Your hnun hnn hwn 
r^rflrf with the purHuit of what von are plraAeat u> inia£:iiie poetty, iiitlil 
you bave gmwn tn Miev« thiit a man can live on love and lyrics 
tnalMhil of on bee&teak and ballion. Voa ray you can never love any 
b«t tba Oonnton Aimam; I aay it is, at all cvcat«, jour duty to try. 
Oo to I^uv, and at Inut niakn thn arqnni atanee of the young lady your 
I aelecbcd for you. [f you liiid tier nnlovabic, at all events that 
be KdDC Mtklwtioii." 
•♦TlMnk yow very murh. Campbell, hot T can't, really." 
**7an ptraial in running voir IkvwI agmnitt u wall t " 
Jeff cmilr-i tnil'lly and mid nothinj;. 

** All rifrlit : iit-mivi imiuuim nram, I waali my hands of yo*i. 
tUagt I fxn't takotiiu raii>onailaI)ty of giving you an tainwitictioo." 
•• Yon know them both, then 1 " 

•• Wdl, 1 have not breii pn;apiit«d to tho yxrang lady yet, bnt " 

" I aliall tin luppy to ptWHnt yo«i when 1 know Iter myself," euij 
Jaffot^livinizly ; " and when wo are married T trust you aad I will be 
htUar itwaih tJuui aver." 

•• Oh ! imthnmlnM aelf-roofeit and Citnihr of Bostoninn yonth ! " I 
liM w wl tu nyKlf aa I lit a final ci|i;aretto and preceded thnt^xiet tn Lite 
door. " IH>or JefTt upon my voul I'm tony for him I " .^ 

And wImti we parted ontitidn I Khook hfa hiuid with a feelin;; not far 

flcaiond from nwpnct tningling with tny imfntteno^, and I watrli€d him 

walk awBT with a kiinily ho[i« Ihit the l*rovid«n<e which presides over 

and fonUi might Icivp a beneficent eye ufoa tbe poor little poet. 


)fs from tht ^iturds of gtotiire. 

Tn Uie Umo of IjOuia le Ciraad ihei-o stood ou tbn batilw of the S^'ne. on 
tbft 8it« now kiiovrn aa tbe Plitoo X*i>ol£oii II)., tbc famoua Hfit«1 fUm- 
IxMiillet. ItA QoUeovoer tnanied, aomewbeie about 1630, a woman of 
higU birth, aminble dispontioD, and uf raltiT»ted taotae, named Oatherine 
do VivoDno. ETorytbing; whicb roliiipniont, luxui^, aim] w«*ltli ootM 
mggost wu to bs (buud in tlte Ktluna of ^[aOanis de Runboulllet, who 
look etfpedal pauu to aUinot Uulbtx all Ui« oelebrilies of ber Um«. 
Among her Totarint vvm \m Ro«tM>foucanl(l, Jean Chafelain, tfan Ablii 
Cotin, the oraclo of polUftut Voitutv, Juan Louis de Babac, Uio poet 
Segnis, Madaiue Ue Sivigu^, b«- correspoodent Dus^ Babutia^t 
motlier of the groat Cond4, his dsLcr Hadaoie <le Lon^eville, 
others vrhoMi cbuma to ntmembraQce bare long since been tturreDdnied. 
Such woro the iliUUa>ili who imemblod o«t«»Mhly to eritifue litttta- 
ton aad art, meit and miLiinen), but nally to take tbeir placet in the 
Ultot; of Jean BikpliHle Pwindlin. Tlie fnnie of tbeoe ■ocU 
ingB spread tliraugh Franco, and an invitation to the HAtel Ram' 
became an otooct of amUtion. Bnt the difficulty of oblwmng so enSri* 
most hare been «onaidorabl«, for we have it on iht outiiority of one of 
Its members that it was absolutely oeceuar; to be aainalnteil vitfa t^t 
niidir of resenroh, " U Jin dt* efiota, le ^rand ./!r*. ?i jin du Jtn." nod 
also to he introduoed hy one of iU mfimb^tra. Icnown by the titlo of "I4 
ffrand introdvetntr dm ntdU»," But in spite ol' the rigour of tben 
ordinaocefl a Taatconcooiaa assembled daily within the HAtel Ramboui)l<tt, 
where th^ taJkod a gnat deal of dialectieal nonMUUO. Hioy grately 
debated, like John of Haliabary, on Uie most &ivoloas subjedH. ]>eep 
reaeardi waa employed in oxdor to guess tbe niMt inane riddb. Inte^ 
minnble speeches wero deliwrod relative to tlie meUpbyaieai attribat«s 
of love; and orci^ varieiy of sentJmeoti tnunao and diviiie, waa die- 
onseed with a ludicrous Te6n«ment of expteeuoo;, and a pon^potu parade 
of learning. In tlie words ttf La Brayire. Uie memberB of this bonn- 
aphrodito areopogus "left, to the rulgar tho art of iatdligiblo speeeh.' 
Abstruse Bubjeota led to other* even more obeciire, over whieb this 
precioufl society cast the uaiitle of enigma ; eedi sally of wit Mn^ 
greeted with rounds of app)au!«. It waa nat neoeaaary to b« giflod with 
either good sense, a good memory, or, indeed, the bomblest eapaei^. In 
order to abiuo at tboeo rhmionn ; it only needed a certain amount of wit, 
nndthatofno high order. Theonstons which prtvailad in thia Vol- 
lialla of folly wen not IfM extraonlinat; than the dtaeD oi Be of its 



»ea)be(«i Tb« <«roBieu ftfiected aa exAjts^ratioQ of roooanttc sentimeat. 
Ift mm thiip custom to ixldrem ooo anotber in tonaR of ciiil«fU'iumt, sucb 
«• "aut eWre," " pririvvse" dcfl^ntions by which the whole ootTii 
haoMW gnditftlly known thranglKiiit Fntncy>. T))«m< "preci^*uu" do 
MOC Affpanr to have rewrvnl tlieir biiJluoiimeK exdiinirdy for the HAtel 
Rucbosillftt wbeco lh«y were u&derBtood, for we leatni from a contem- 
pomiMHiB antliar thnt tliey kept up tbeir " cttatoms " evca in thmr own 
Thay ilpitt during Uio bmt botirs of the Any, tuid piiid ccnrmo- 
, rwC CoMiy inconvenient, vtuM At mghtTnll. Th«T liitped in conver- 
mHob ; umI, to Uif> Houulal of tiieir godfalhen and godDiotliera, exchanged 
ihair Ubriitian nataoa for tboee of pagan dirinitiea. Dnriogthe tianan 
aA goAbuM Mt entlironcfl in a j^r^coiu alrore, within whixn mysric 
^ptfas hIw wu wont lo [londor on thtoga esthetic, or worliHy. To 
til* alitxirdity of ber situation, obo wm coustoutly nttiitded by 
I at ths Btemer icz who, in biii eiipacity of •t/oovuifr, bora the itiwpint- 
fof ber^emg* to Uie tuirotindiiiji; hIoovm. "Lea pr^eteiiHiV* Bays 
Ika JUrM Ooiin, him^'Alfa member of this mftrt^, " Wprcci^usMs'eiivoy- 
dBitTWterpnr on rondcMuoa un ^nigmp,etcVt parlAquPoommon^aiaiit 
I loR GnnrenntKiuM." 
OtM Bi^Iit dnring the icamnuT of IflSS — a inomnnblt J«ar In Hin 
I of gvniu*— while tbe " prrcimtfa " were in oonclate iM W CinhleJ, 
utA toawb of applause baitod Ui« expkwiou of «u inipromptu, Ihe door oT 
Ala tnqiia of Rawon niiU«n]y o|)«nMl to ndmit a young man of middle 
In 11,111. (lark Eomplesion, «n*l gntTO (l«]>or1.mcni, eliul in the pifAnRaqiM 
CDBtuiDe of the pmod. Madamo da Ritmbouinct, who wu 
[tm. her tiittme attbe fareod of the room, row to receive har visitor, 
by way of ouiVini; him foci moro at his mum la a stranf^ comjiaay, 
wwpowned him uiUi thn vuhiloUty ut h«r Battor}-. Hn who stood 
MOMeatnrily ataubed in the inidat of thia throng of tuft-hiintere and 
MM^ wfc» fonoM th» "cynoflnro of neigh IwurCnf' oyes," was none other 
tfaan sbo oomMUan Muli^r« — he who nftirrwArds di*alt the dnth-blow to 
HH^BBiMi nfhn *>poch. At this timo MoliAro was but known na the 
■■■■gttrefan itinnmnt tn>uj>d, and aa a ua» who in addition to oob- 
riJflnU* htRtriontc yamtr iiad alao evinced a talent for compomtion. He 
v» wnlcotuMi ' ■' •n>d6 Rambouillet M Uie author of L'Klt<ftn!\ 
and /<* hfpit > . and an Buch took his pUos among the celebrities 

of U« titoa. It i> well for both EDgUnd and France, I had ahnovit mid 
fltr Hb* ecnniion wniie nf tha civiUiu>d world, that twoKuch men as OifTord 
tmA VoUiff* biul the ooiinige and the geninH to cruah, each in hia own 
tiaai Ibai hydra iif tnttxie who |>«-io<licn11y threatma to devour reaaon, 
^JlMt wfaich William Uillurd enVvted, ill the early pAtt of this oeatary, 
^^■jr tba pshliaitifin of htii mordlrfl Bnviail an<l Afamatf, Molt^rc 
^HAiWed more Utan two oenlnriM hofom him, with the Priatntu^ Ridi- 
^^^^^ Bat tbo vtminra of \Toli^m wan of a far more eonrageora nature 
ttm that of UiiStird. The latt«r was an suUior of renown, rmd n maa of 
, pantion in ih« reirablis of litttom. The former, on the otbpr hand, 



was bat a poor oomedun from tit* provauMi, wbo had eome tA Pftris u 
•enich oT the fortiiDO bn bad fiuled to find olanrbom, and who dqicoded 
for bil tneaem rray modi npoa tba {Mtronage of tb« "nry eot^rit wboM 
extiantpuioM bo, uu pablicgrounda, to bittarly rawnted. A few montbi 
after hie nsoeptiiM) bjr M adame de RambouUlet, Moli«re made bix ttiom- 
phnot Rfisanlt npoD the ialao lastsand follies of bU ttmfl. Tho title of ha 
play cxdtcd geooral cnriuslj ; thera was a greot demand for pkoM. 
Hinttgo, hinudf a mMaber of the tioabiy m H«vet«lr huitllod hj lloU^ 
wu praaeot at the first repreMtntation of Ltm Prfci^HMt iivJicuirt, Ha 
ielU tu* tbitL Mademoiaetlfi da Rambotiillet, her diater SladamB lU 
Ori^ian, ftud the wholo oC the Kambouillet eoUrie attanded. Its opening 
Bomai were received with Bileocc. Xoae knew whether to b«> odeoded 
or not — wbethiia' to jguorv the tatiat or to repvl it. At length aa dd 
man TOM sh>wly from bin neal, aiitl in a rmre treufattng with entbiuluiii 
cried: *'Oonn«e. Moliire' Voil& la v^rHahle oom^diel't lie cnitii 
oC then wonb has indoMl been oaboAd hy poeterity. Miniga wa« n 
wUitfiod witfa tba wic ww of tb* |d«M m to be certain oT ita aflect on 
the pablk; On leanog the theatre he oeued Cha]>elaiii'» arm, and ex- 
ckimed, " We are both gtiilty of t)i« folliea whieh hav« been eataraied 
with 80 much powor and good aunw; benoeforwaitl we must btun 
what we bare adore'l, and adore what wa hare burnt." Theae words 
weiT amply verified. Moli^re's th^'4'aum denk a Cttal blow at the 
H6lel Rjuubouillet — pMpIc Ixyan to sn> tbt* ahsurdity of the aitua- 
tioQ, and tho " preciouaw " were laugbcd into obscurity. The BOODcea of 
thia piece waa iO great, and ao iirgmt were the dcnrnntU for Hdmifidon. 
that on the MOoad rfiprenontatioii the oomiMLny doulijeil ita prices. To 
theapphtnaeof Bodetythat of the Court waa aoon joinotLand th«> fiuaeof 
Molidre spread to the Fjrrenee*. MoUirt waa astounded nt tJiia ancx- 
pect«d triumph. H« i« aaid to liaveAzcioimed : *■ I bmhI no longeratady 
Plato or Teienoe, nor [wro over the fmgmeula of Meaandei^— heoe^ 
fbrtli 1 will study the world." 

Although Ltt J*refieuMti ItvlicuUt did not entirely extirpate all the 
pedantic nonamM which chamcteriied the literaiy cli^iue at uhich it 
wua lerelleJ, it greatly dimini«hed th» boflooiKi? which prarailf^l sA thA 
H6tel Kauboalllet. A few blueHStookinga aurvirMl all llio ridicule their 
uinduct hod prorokodi and gavu MoIicTo an cxcium for that aeoond 
assault M> Kuoeoaafully made in hin c-hamiit^ nomedy Lt* /Vimmai 

Towards the close vi 1660. Motiire's thentve, the Petit Coiirboa. 
whidi had grown ho popular nnder lua gnidanee, waa polled down in 
order to oiaku room for tho calonnade of tho Louvre. This woald hate 
boeo a aeiiouit blow to its propcu^r, had not I.o)iiit XIV. gtactoualj 
placed at hia dispoaal the Salle of the Palnui Jtojal, conatmcted hj 

* Mma^na, nl!<. ITIO. roi. ii. p, M. 

t UrimuMt, p. 34. fSitmttru wr to VUttU* Ouvngu dt Matiht, p. 24. 



OtiHtrfl Ricbeliea fur the repmeQUtiati of bU doleful tragedy Afirauu 

^-m pla^ which not on); oost its Kutbor a fabalnus sum of mmcn-, but 

frtal^aflocted Ilia rcpntatwnuaaiaui of wit* IIerc,al9o, aAerMoU&re's 

(hnlh. mtn givon Uie Gnl iif tliCMO lyric tngwliiM t»w known na opcina. 

Ahm I «Im I UuK m«mombl« tbckUe, Bnodatod with the &mp of Iwth 

itMOfi mBt\ MoliAffl, lins tAnoe ihoM pAlmj da,Tt bevo twice rebuilt and 

w atkan datrarad by tire. Ileie UolidrR produced no \em than thirty of 

hit ormnliw, uul hen he struck the fiist eporks of that Prometlieui lire 

which lnra» tar kini otr>rtiAny. Within this littie theatre, aIsu, in tiuiM 

. wImo Eogiuil wn* drunk with juy At tbv tvatoraliom uf thv 8t(iart«, the 

)lmp|>T ooBfort of Uh«i-)«e) th«) Firvt wttnesnd the first rcprovcntotionof 

U'Seot* dtt Jiarit. 

In th« aiituuia of IGttI Moli^ra prodnopd Lfs Fdctietac, wboBc oon- 
. fiirttubM ui wampio of tbo Aa-tilily of hts gcniaa and il^ rnpidity 
''-of oaeesliuti. Alter the fimt jierrormanco of thla ptuy, whilu the Kii^ 
■■d Moltire eoaratsod ii(«rt, tho lattar doubtless fneivinf; his an^ast 
■Mla^a eoaiplioMnta, a owtain BIcniMonr il« SoyiyiiMirl, hi« Majoaty'ii 
frmmd wnintr, bapfiroed to pasDL " Look ! " vrliis^wir-d llie monarch ; 
"tlvte ia a duuncboT wbom you hare twt y«t dnnmi." "Hie hint wiw 
■■ihHtni Sloli^re, who, without making any reply, in leffiChnn twenty- 
bar hoon inltoduoxl a mn»- sceoe Into bin play nt tho ciiwnao of tho 
lirritlwiiaii abovA oatned. I'hti K inf*, who ap^tonrs to bare boen somewhat 
Tain of hht wit, waa highly i,-nlitiwl at the thought Ibat h« himself had 
fnni^tmi tho euggtHtioit, and at last bcf^n alooat to regard the piece aa 
peraliaHy his own. Madaone de 86vign4 him imutoitaliwd 8oyecDurt by 
an anecdote whirti giTM os a notion of tho gnat origiDul. " On one 
MmfaKk," taya thia taloalod uuthoretw, " whilo Sionaiovu- d« Soyocourt 
ma I— kig the iiigbt in uii npnrtmoiit with Mtveral otln^i* coiirtiera, this 
pennnige pentated in talking platitudes withone of hiacampanians until 
tha MBall boon of mnming. Thia would not have been so objwition- 
aibk. but that be would afaoat all he had to Hay al the very top of hii 
faiaa. Jknothcr gaDtleaBiia, who scoaifi to have been mon: inclined to 
•leap than Vi lEatMi, at laat exclaimed roproaoiifully : ' Kb I morhlou. 
vaia-lol; tu nt'catpCchee de domiir.' 'E^r«e qnoje te porle i toil' 
Hpaivelf retorted KfotKaeaT de SoyeoourL" 

^B Sat \itmf/Ka mi v^n^ur bad hiH i]<«ertA — his victiin was avenged, and 

^Mh» viaU laiij^'d uerrily whoa this " gnind original " Bgorod ae tlip 

^' ehiBiiiiii fai i** FAdtfvx. This pj«« nppeani in have btwn compoKrd, 

tpti Of I, and [wrforniei] willitn a fortnight— a ]H»rforuia»ce wliith fully 

jlUlifllll Uw aiUlAH trt Iloilcnu ; — 

lUr* ci nLUnw nprit., dont U frrtitc t«uw 
Icnm. an prriTBiit, 1* tnrkil al la prior. 

ft now twme to tii incident in Uolitrc's career to which )>ri»f nllii 
IQSl be aiadn, Ttiough fortunate in his aucceu as n comnliati, us 

■ Tscbmaa, n1. 1, r. Al. 1fl}«, 



tax aatbor. ud in tLc ponsMioo of pntroos, be veb eor 
uufortiintkta in hfat dooUKtic ailaiim. Uiien for^ jtan at a^ he ; 
ft girl of Beveut«eD, iuuukI Anaande B^^rt, a member of hb trnapfc 
Difpiinty in age, and Ih^ tvmptotioiw to wbleh Uibi youn; oitd tandioiBg 
■ctrau was expowMl, randered tfaia nuuriAge vnhafipy. Tmaobcraui doalita 
vbcUior tboy eojoyod «o mucl) u ao bour's oontontment ; hut this at 
lout it certain — Moli^ro's impudmit and heartleea neglooc of his inide 
fostarad tlie coldiia«, and sLreiigtheiicd tho dutliks, whidi Bobaeqnetitlj 
|)«Ted th« way to mntuM in6di>litr. Though hi«toria&8 hjir» oondcdUMd 
the eoDduct of Mwlun*' Muli^re. they totich with gMitleoea th* earon 
of Imv biuhaad, fur <vliutu ihvy are pleased to udrauce tbe hiwInmyeA 
plea of geiuUB,— a title wliicli only lus pei-sooal eoemiM have 
tarod to deny him. Moore has toM na that gonius has its 
tire— an aoHrtiou whieh it is not io my power t« qutetioo. 
tliix at laast is oortain — that gnnitta, by renaao of tte la»tro; should be 
doubly dtvuoiBiiect in ib> roudttcL. It itbould rrjuctubnr with what 
flsgcmen the -world wat«lu« for every dim^geaoe from tbo patba cl 
virtue, and how loud are the eondeamatlona of the enTiotw. It may be 
aaktHl, What coostitutoa ftenitisl Despite tbo facilliant examplon which 
adom utir litetatura and that of other laztds, we ara told that the fitcul^ 
pectains not Inn to tbo quieectmt than to the acUw powor. Byron, in 
the Prophtcy of Donte, aajs : — 

.Mncj MTC poebi who barn botm' [Maa'd 

Thrlr iiupimitiin, anil pcKfaanu the ItoKlr 
They Mt, iind IophI, ud diMl, but would tu>l. Umi 

Tli^ thmishts to iBMDer chiti^ : tlirjr cotnprxra'd 
Th« god vtlhia than, oad ngaiood tbo «tan 
UDl«tr»)rd apoa «aKh . . . 

II. may thoii 1>e preanmod tJtnt gmiun belong* tii that und^linabtt 
and oftvD uncientive liatDanity, wbkh Uvea before its Lime. To rite, like 
Molii^re, above the fiudiUniit, tho pngudieu*, and the fbUiea of oof eou- 
temixiraricw, constitatm a jirojihetle nature ; and jrrophroy b as ne»r so 
approach U> what nen call "geoius" as it is {)OMhlo fur buuianity to 

Ill the suituncr of 1662 MoIi6ro, in bin capa<nty as ** vnkide i^hntntw 
du rot," followed Ijouia Ic GmnH to I»riaine. lie was at tht« tUDC 
pondDfinKOTa- a oontedy vrhic-b w;uito amail hypocrisy, and tliL>follo^-tng 
anecdote may not bo out of place :— Tliu King w>mi in the luilitt of IV- 
stnctinjt! himsvlf, during his canipaigna, to ona rfpa»t a day. On a mt- 
tain evening — albeit utve uf the dayn set apiutby the Ohnirh firfmrHny - 
the KinjT felt so hnnf^ that he resoh-ed to break bis rule. Bdng 
sodnbly inclined, Louis inTitod lils old Iriend Bishop F^irCxc to keep 
hiui company. The Bishop) howeror, pat on a ^AarUmoiuoua air, 
imd dntwing binuMjlf up tu lua full height, not only uoldiy doelfaod 
Uie Kinj^i invitation, but took occasion to ioibrm his Majesty that It 
was not hia custom to nigal« oa Uet, daya. This reply excited the 

LHAV£8 FK03t TU£ LAl'££LS OF MOLl£UB. 


■■kIw at ■ «oortier, who, ia spite of nveij eminavotir to ru)>|iivh)i 

■Undfld the Kiag's notice. Wbtrii the Bistiof) re<in)il 

wu Cun to ktu}w tbo <avm of his coortieir'a mMTioMaxt. " Siro," 

liad tlM caljiritk " yoor M^wty rnvd not kv aiLxioux vn the scure of 
EUaofi'a «fipettt« ; " wbereupoa b« (irovi«<]f!<l to p\c minute tletaiUi of 
% Mnnptuotu ropwt wbieh the ]>rekt« bad that day cnjojed, oiul at 
wfaidi bn, Uw offtatiar, had hcea pi-cocnt. At the moitioD of each jJat 
tb« fDodbuinovrwd Louia cxclaisiMl, " I^ paavie bomme t " Torjruij; tU 
looa of hb ToJn lo a muiner liTeN»libly oomic. 

Ihm indiiciil was not lo«i on Jitolii're, who liappened to be proeot, 
Mid qgbtan months iillsrwBrdB Louis XI P. beheld himself reflected in 
Am •bmibiij; k«M! betwnui On^ loul Oormv. Tha trifling cii'cnm- 
Mmca^ whidl tondo Iho priow in bomo mcosurv instrumcutal to Moli^ a 
florv, nutamllruMUitiM) in mmnvJiig tho [irosori|)tioD which n itatioiL of 
hy yoCTTt— Imu) coatrivud Uigiuuflt 7'artii/r..* 

When Mol»tr« hHurued to P&ris, he w»a waited on \>y a youtlt, 
■aanarrift in hintl. who begged the faronr of an audiiooe. The geu»- 
lum eoOMduti. with outatrotobod hand, tn.-ctfiTed tb« oininoua roll, and 
aMUad K narmvlj. Jt wu pooi*stuir, wo an* told — n trngmly founded 
■B a bhie — hravy, sjiiritleBe, motiflules ; but Uollire read it Itimugh, 
•ad ki^W prniaed ita antbor. 

" YoQ ar« joui^," mid Up, "and ^iju have u fatiu«; be [latieDt, 
lahour will rawani you with KOCOMti. But otaj — <ino cannot livo on 
flaUaiy; I M« Jpon are not rich : aoonpt thut Uttio antn, imd au tytvoir." 
Tim litslv auin vaa uae hundred louia-d'or — thn yotin^ man Racliio. 

The ccftditiol* of coinedian« in the seveutcvnth century has been 
I hai Bflariai d aa infiunoua. Even the acknowledged geniua nf Moli^ra 
fcaaifldaot to overr«li> the popular pn^udioe njiainat lua prafeastan. 

• batl U> ubmit to cmlliMi nnnoyunco* at th« hande of bin usoctiite* nt 
rhu never fiult^l lo mak«< hiui tmA his )>o«ition nctiKly. It waa 

■ Jajr brought to Uut notico of l^onia that wrm^ v( his attRnJnritM luul 
f««« ao Car aa to refase to xit al th« Kim^ board with Iktoli^ru. His 
M^tat.v ntwlTnd (brtbvith to instrocc them In jrotitOKHfi. Uo canaod 
tha frtat «ottMdiua lo be nimmotitd, and, mncb to every ontf'a aaipriH, 
i a i^ la d tdn to dioa ab hi* own table. IiniuediatAly iu front of thn Kil^ 
«■« a cklckeii, a wing of which be politely hniidnl to Molit'tv, rcnerving 
i* fUknr for bisaelC The Gonrlinn were damfoondod al this nnoeuol 

" Yov atv iDfi,"flnid thn King to thaio pnaent ; "you Me ne oocupini 

Moliriv aounHhin^ lo iiit, tor T umlnratanil that h" is not 

tft rnrnimny for my iitti-nilnntA." Tlitfl Imwni had tlio rty|iiim] 

utii '■•*» ercr mCut wpl^-ome to dine when and where he 

. iou i....ii^'i ovidont partiality for MoliiVo earned him tho 

of tho wholfi Oourlf irliere h» po[)ularity nne to a bujgbi only 

f^mrrra ill Miiltft. ante /(« rtmafqiiM J4 iirti, 1773- 




equallMl hy his ftcae nbrond. TjWiu commiMnoBecl tun to imte a eota^Aj 
fur Uio MUiuwini^it of the Ro_v&l bouMefaold. The result of tliia comiiiand 
watt Lr .}f(irij»0e For^ — ft pUf founded on on ixiciilaat Ut the oarecr of 
lie Urammont — in the parfomunce of whicli not only thft Coort, but the 
King hiniwU' joined. Loois XIV. figiinR) in tbe l»lle(, a prooe»dijig 
wbidb [jrovukwl tho mtire of ItAoino, vbo in MritanHieut addraoBod tli« 
King M TolloWB :— 

IcnoRC-Toiui tout n ttnlk o«ai dim ? 
Hinm, •'ila «■ rat erw, b'<m pcJni sA pour l'«mpir*. 

]>iiring the Vemilks (&te» of May l(i64, Uolu^-ro prraonlAd for tlia 
fiivt tima bw iuimitatile ixtmody 7'iirfit/*e. The vdn of hypocrisy nttw 
dMpor, pwbape, at Court tluw in any other soction of socictr, &ad the 
mirror vhidt Hulit!ni now held op to natunt gave dire oflvnce to his 
andieoce. The nutkur of IJqh J\tan has well sohI : " la these day* ttw 
fffOfiBsnon of hypocrite poasOBes marvelloua ndvantagai. Hypoeriiy ii 
an art wherein iuipoHture oomDmnda resinct; for tJwa^^h it utay be dii^ 
oovend, noiM dai« my a word a^MMt it. All otbor vicee arc exposed to 
oanaure, ereiy one is froo to attack thma ; but hyjiucrtHy id n privileged 
vice, which iihutii the worM'u mouth with ita baud, and rercLi in iioto- 
r«ign impunity." 

Motii'j-e was hold up to the vongoancc of both God and man as an 
atliuint. Tbfl po}>ular clamour Bf^ainiit Tartuft waa irTesisiible, and ita 
autlior was L-ouipcJiutl to witlidniw it after tlie Gist performance. In 
joatics to LouIa XIT., it must be stated that this pcnKcntion agpioat 
MoliLT« entirely foiled to eomnuuid his ^rmpathy. Thoagh eompeUed 
hy public opinion to prohibit the perfomtKDce of Tar^u/e, the Klngmada 
amends by jtrcrmoling Moliuiv's troupe to the enried poidtion of " oouio- 
diunii to the King," and attached MoluoD to his person, with an uina&l 
■alary of HevBD thousand francs. 

It is intereetiiig to noto that up to the middle of tho saTCBleottth 
ttntory, Holdien were admilt(>d to thratrcK without payraont. This pri- 
Tilr^ wns obviously unjust to tho people, who, owing to the snut 
aeeommodatiAQ at oominand, were ft«r|q«atly onaUe to fiod seals. 
Mulii-nr, ou lieb»]f of his playom, appealml to the King (or reform in this 
piLrticuW, oud hiu rcqueet was granted. 

But tlie soliliL-D) rebelled. They came in loi^go bodiM to tM dooTt 
And denumdrd odmisdon. Tbo dooi^keepcr at the PahuK Royal, dt 
couTM, protested ; bat bcdng tt le&f^ compelled to yield, he threw down 
his Bwoi-0 ami criad, " Mi«*ricord» ! " It availed hira not. Tlie hoWi', 
infuriated by liiH iira\-iou3 rtwLdanoe, drew their Babres and cut him to 
pieces. Urer his body thpy entered the tlieotie, and wait in quest of Uio 
acton. It was reaoIvQd to subject nien and women to similar trwtmeut. 
Uie fiiHt person they met was a youth nojned Bejsrt, who was disj^isea] 
as an old man fur tlio pia» nlx>ut tu be played. With great pTMenoo of 
mind Bt^iari excUinied : " Oeotletaca I at least spare au ohl man dl 



■BTen^fite. who can ni b««t lutve but a iihort timQ to Uva" Tli«y were 
Dirt decdred, but hu wit calmed tbnm ; and at Ui!a nHHDenl Moli^re 
eua» upon tho aett>». In a (ow norda, kiid witliotit tlto elighkat sign of 
CaVitipjiaialMl out Uui duigw of diwilwying tba lawful conituaQds t^tfae 
KuK, abd bjr liis tniuinw w impmnod iho rioters that oi'dor onttund. But 
thm mdti me at inu not m easily iJlnyMi. Thn mtan fl«d through «v«ry 
kite asd •Oct'. Odo prodiKioiui pcniona^, Hnliert Itjr nnme, oititrivnd 
■» pMm • b<4«s through wliicli h« promptly fcoved his head and shonl- 
din, laving the rat to diance ; " baty" Mjii GrimorMit, " jiunaLs l« rate 
tm fmi aahn«,"eo tbe wretobed mao was reluctantly dmwa book into the 
tbaMra bf hh oomndea. 

Molicn^ vlto l«v«)Uod bis mtire apdmsb humlrnt; id evoiy fona, did 
ael af»n th» doolon. Indernl, frura all nouooatA, Uiq medical prafiMBWO 
^«« affl|ile cBuaa ftir aiucasm. Thoagh paUiohgy was, iu tbe iwvo&- 
taaoth teoUtry, but litUo UDderntood, its dericiunrr was veilid 1>y the 
«ib>t ofliwtotias ot wtsdom. The " mvdicine tiuui," mounted on a mule, 
fatrnd tip and dowu the Btreeto, gabbling Latin and Oreek to thaw fouliab 
«Doagb to cxiurali him. Whenever bo deigDed to tutc his naUru Inn- 
gnqpslio nanaf^ m to tDteriard liis fipawii vitii neholafitic bombast and 
■dMiti£o «ipn«oiu as to rendei- himHelf unintcllix'itili*. Tbe roltowing 
VMM wuvija a jtut notion of the class to which Moliiro eo sncetmfaUj 
dfffoUd kia otttotioa : — 

ABMor dh air piiJiuit««i|ur, 

Cnohcr iln sroe cL Ha UUa, 

LoD(ai> pnTTiiqii*, babil grolnqnti. 

Da la fooRvr* «t da mtia. 

Toot Mia riooi Cut prMqiw 

Cb qn'oa appollo ua mUccia ! 

foUowpd tbe rxompla of De Montagne, and wounded the 
tiliilita of the "Acuity" oot only in L'Anwitr MiJedn and L* 
. Jiaimle Jmaffinairf, hat in («veml other c«m«dica. All Pnria laughed 
ttoU^rr, and the qnacks bod a bad time of it In order to giro 
Idea of thu ioanlta to whicli tbtae nnfortnnato wrot^tca w(n« sub- 
1, 1 wQl rofMnt on auecdote which boi beeu pronotmced autbfmtic, 
the trolb of whidi there ia no iGnnon to doubt. One day wbila 
Qafaoat, pfajnEJaa in ordinaty to Lottiii XIV., wax driving in his coodi 
llmiv^ tltn atnwtaof INria, bo lia(ip6ncd to be dcUinod by a lilook of 
BorriifiDL Tbe driver of a public vehicle, who knew Ouinaut by nght, 
bawled oat to hi> follow* : " Laiatoru paj»ir moiuimr I* iloctettx ; i^at 
ifywa wMU 11 /nit la grAce de tuer U airtiinnl." A retoark which re- 
iD^da oa of tbe worda jnsoribed by Mmo Roman wag 0T«r tiie door of 
▲dfiui'a phyudon— " Hen dw«I]a t)i« libentor of bia country." 

Id tbe laat you- of a lifu poaed in oomhatiag liypooriayt Molioret 
broken in h(»llh and Kpirita, acp wrned himself thus : — " Ua m^ecin eat 
an bomme que Ton paie pour conter des fariboles dona 1* cl»inl»« d'ua 
nolodc jaHiu'A ee qne U nature I'oit gu^ on quo Ice temidea I'aiait 



ta4 "• — wordi wWehebowwitli what tenacity ho elnng: totliteon,^ 
ba hkd BO often «cprMse(l in liU oamediw. 

Ckno to tha Uttlo Gothic church at Anteuil, which bood, alas I will 
he levsllwd with the grouDd, then stAiKb a villa. Tliis hoase, tboa^ 
" D(rw Tamped," m oiir fatben would havo ■aid, ta as intflrendng aa t^e 
ehurch Umit. Here, on »n\try summor uit^hts. miae Molibre, BoilMO, 
Lafontaine, Chapelle, Raoiiu>, and otben whose iiAmes have bora in- 
scribed on the tafaletfi of Pama Chajwile a|ipcars to bavo been dM 
iMding sjtirit at thorn gattkerings ; hia rollielcing humottr nnd iinflagpng 
vit oaM. n chnrm ov«r a aoelety whose coD-ronation might othirrwiw have 
been a trifle too Icameil. Chapdie had a ^roat &all, however, and one 
whifih, to a certain extent, nnnoynd hiii oompotiioRB. He w«a too find 
of his bottle — a weaknem for which he wao onoe taken Keriouahr to tadt 
by BoUcau. Tb«y met in the litreet. Chapelle a|>p«ared eoavi&oa^^H 
tho truth and Jitstio! of Buileau'e admonition. He ptomiaed to gt^O^^^I 
(Kenil's warning scn'ous abtention. hub in order, as lio eaid, to talk more 
At their ewe, hn Lavit«d Boilcnu to «nt«r a houw close at hand, which 
choDced to be a cabaret. Chapelle, >iccor<ling to eavtom, »nl«ind a bottle 
of wine^thcn nnother — which wae in due course followed by a third. 
While than employed be kept on replenishing lloilmuV glnsi, which the 
good man, wholly &bHorh«l by hiK own homily, aa promptly drained. 
^e ranilt tni^ht bavo bcoQ forcecva. When every invectiw ^lijut 
" inflaming wine — pcniicioiiR to mankind," bad boea exhnurted, neither 
tiio tnomltflt nor hr^ iviidiloi' couUI stand! Riich was Cbnpdie, the 
gaynt dog in that giddy com[i3&y. Sooh was Moli^re'a most intimata 
friend ; one who loved him truly, and who »tood by him thnmgb evny 
bloKt of affliction, ovory ctirec of prrjudioc, to the v«iy hist. Of th© 
reveliy which ran riot iii Uint liitln villa at Atitetiil I Imvo not the s{»ee 
to upeftk. lyet ihe rradw turn to tbc glowing jxigea of Voltnire. 
Orimarcst, and Saint- Marc, [>ag<» which will amply reward him for the 

I have already briefly allndpd to Moli&ro's generous conduct towat^A 
ynimg Rnoinc — gcmerMity whii-h hwi h«in rarely erjuslliKl and niwnr iiur- 
ptuDieil in the htstoi^* of letlvr^ It wtu that sympathy of ktndicd genlna 
which oourttt mtlivr than fuars rivalry. We have seen llacine admitted 
by Holi^rc to the intimacy of Boih-Jin, l^ontaine, and the great sfdriti 
of tha,t great age, favours for which MoHin? Imd a right to expect iiom»- 
tlung like gratitude. But I re^i'et to say that tho only n-tum made by 
BariuR oonidftofl in the reconl, aftor llotit^nt's dralh, of a scamhi], tito 
truth of which impurtini history hiui nhundantly di^inn'oj. I should 
not hare mentioned thtx hAJM>n<^ but that it fonn.« u [larticle of that 
moeaic of hiimiut eiEtitenre, who*e cnmplcienRss would lie nwin-wi hy tlie 
abeeace of a single ntone. It may bo a worthless pebble in itself, and yet 
itsprceDnce i« requirdl in order to form a sombre contrast to the glory of 

• arimucsl.p. U. 



HjKaliinL OsHininty is Uio cbiid of gpniuo. Molitoe'B lieoeToleDOd wu 
'^ not cot ifl ng j to aojr putimlar olject, it was the outcome of a nature 
Mwlj ■nact|)tib)« Ui compubott. On oim oocaaion, having be«u iiu]M>r^ 
bOMd 19* • [«Dr etuoedtao Damed Mondurgc for monna to n^taa lus 
tBasptiMalUregambimiirentf-four pititoliv and several npk-Dditl tbeotxi- 
okl eoabuaoB. On another, whiledmio^ with Cha.rpentaer,apooriiuuiiUC 
tim roadod* inplond liis diarity. Moli^fn imbmitatiugly ihnw him a 
pien of BmuBf and drove off. Tbt caniago had gme innie dixtsnw 
vImo Ckai|>ejitMr el««rv«d th« mcndicmt nmning after theoi, making 
< rfa l«n t gwtoTK. thay oidcied the conchniaii ta pnll uj>. When the 
|wor anaik arrive)], Wcattiltw, be cxcUimod, " Sir, yon u^ prohaUy DOfc 
Kwanc that you gave me a louta-d'or — I atu com« to retom it" '* Stay, 
tjtrini." — ivplird Moliire— " 01 foUi un ntitrr." An th«y drove off 
I wkii|)ered to Coarpeutior, " 0^ In rert« va-l-flt< •« MtcAer /" 
On Anj^ost &, 1667, Tnrtti/t, which had ftn- w long been pro- 
•eribod, waa for tiio first iime puhlicly porfonncd, undor itts tune title, 
L'ImpoaUtir. It i-(>c«-iv«d (inthnnutie Approval, a drcuautanoe which 
JD J l MBoee r ted all tlie tartu/m la Faria, that Uiey once more prevulod 
open J^iriiaakMit lo interdict its perfui-mauco. lliLs satitf \raa all the 
■ot« pmifient on aoooont of Moli^ro eeloctlng the AkU de Koqiiet for 
4i HmalioD la its pnndpal r&le. Tliia mdi>-i<Itial, afterwards plprat«d to 
iW BitlMf>tic«f Antnn, tra« ono of Madanio do I,oof[uevill«'8 nilmire**, 
•ad fiuoona tbr his protli^ary. PiHdiiig tins well said: "Lat a man 
aboK a phyndao, he makn ajiotlicr phymcinn his friend ; let htm rail at 
• lawyer, another nill plead hia cause gratis ; but \vt him ooce attack a 
ivrtift, or a porst, hf>th nnts arc instantly nav to bo upon him." This 
*ta a ou? in iwiat. Without an itutant's 1i«&itattou the eotaro print' 
hood of Pnmve roM^ ltk«> a mighty wave against MulU-re, and swept htx 
elaioxJDUt uUire from the »t*ge. Tlte elammir raifled H^iiuti its im* 
wonUtywas aa inecaeant an rauselcn. Its aole ofl^mce ootuuted in a too 
■aiAeH vzpoeun! of Uie caut and hypocriBy tampsnt at the time In 
sfbv yaara Moliirc had bis rcronijc Tartufir rcvirod, never more to 
Sm, but ta fonii an eternal loonumout of gonius. L'Amrf and Lra 
FammtM .^vanUt followed close upon the footprinta of Tartu/if. 
Lvariee, that '*Gii« eld ^otlonnuly viw," and the jMyliintry to which I 
»v« eUwwhrrp allndnl, gave thn indtthtignble wtlirii't ample scopo for 
Thf uppur and middle daeacB, ever at ^-aiiance, wnrp never 
lore ealtvng*^ from nu>h otlin* than at Xh\e timff. "Sot only did they 
Tivw thn dinem of life from oppurite atandjicnnta, bat the natural 
jtalouay which eziata betwoen Uicm was bcighteucd W n want of that 
Ipatfajr wkkfa ofdy a conmuntty of fnterostii can nwaJcnn. The 
who infealrd court aod aociety di)iHi|«ited witlmut hnutatian the 
rit^t* of their fathera. They sought fortune at gaming-tables, and 
what was left of ibfir leBnuv in. thopiintiit of amorous Intrigiwe. 
middbi dsM, on thv other hand, were for the moot part Doat^int to 
^|Mi iJuir dayn in aKlndoa. They Icanit to r<»d and write, not for 



uenl&l oultvtro, but for the puqMee of pToraoiiag mtrcutile fOAtuns, 
and pinwH tlieir lives ehjring upriclin, wtiorein they mw llw on)^ cfaonoe 
of bappinovK It wot amnitislly lui ag« of snuve, and 6ke ridia 
borlvd ftt Karpagon wu but on ttpfxttl to reacen. The mEser'a | 
tlia Um of hill moDe^-cheiit h» aflordad, and vill continue to aflbrd. 
merriment U> {MMteritj. Thia pUy, in 1733, yma inii>ort«d into EnxUtid 
by Fielding, wbo infused much genuiuu wit into liia adaptatioD. The 
Awan pleated ioaUnlly, and hod a long run on the English atago. 

L^ Ftmrna Satanlvt forma a aoquel to l^* Priei^ntes Siditviet, to 
which it ia in evaiy twpeet impeiior. The chamcters " Tiiaaocia " and 
" Vadiua," diaim from life — th« formei' Ahb^ Cotin, the latter Mena^jB— 
might, with bat littl« change of drfM and aeona, 6gai« among tbt 
poMiftenof to-daj. 

Sa*M-Tou>ra >]voi Cotia 

l}iCtci'e do TrisBoliD T 

CoUn « fisi KB joon, 

TriaMHia livra toiyoar*. 

Tba sucocoB of this piece was ao pnlpnblc, and the irtato of Molit 
iMalth ao precarioua, that hi* fii«n(U urged him to give up the htajM and 
devote liimiwlf exclnsively to ooiojKnitioD. 

The Acadumie Pran^aisp oQ<agr«d to make him a member, and roiu- 
miasioDeil jfoileau to aseerlain his Tienn. '- VoLro sanc^," said iloilcau, 
"dipirit. porco qao lo metier do com»!dion voua dpoise; qi» n'y m- 
noncoE-vonsl" "Hrta*!" wplicd Molicr<t, with a sigh, " c'ert le 
point d'honneur." The point of honour conaiftted in not abandoning 
tboM poor actOTO who rolied solely on him for Lbeir (laOy bread.* It 
waa this point of honour to which Moli^ro clung to the lust, that be so 
&n()i>cntly tirgetl aa an cxaiiK for wiwt-ing his abilitim on oompOBtiofiB 
which wora tometimos unwoi'thy of bin gcnins. " If I worked for 
lionour and plory," he nid one (lay, " my works would hare a dificrent 
(flndoQcy. But it bebgrea me to address ilie groundlings in suitable 
hnguago, and to keop tboin amused in order to mipport my troapa. 
Lofty i«ntimeuts aiid purity of style would be a mere waste of time — my 
I>oor comedians would starv9 ." 

Molifrra's last work, Le Matada Imoffinairv. appeared in tha eafly 
part of 1673. Its sunxas was not for ouo momoiit doubtful. At its 
fourth ropraMntation Mali6r«, who ao admimbly mistained th« chief char 
racier, " Ajgan," hunt a btood-vMsel. The aiidiencx! nutioMl thu ohaogo 
in hid demeanour, but the courage of Moliiro carried him ihrotigfa the 
piece. Wbon the curtain ft^l on the but scene of thia inimitable comedy 
ite author sank exhaustol to the ground. Four portem t>ore him gently 
to hit LouEO in the Kua de JEich«lieu, wber« be itimvined Ebr sotao 
hmra iiwenidble. With retumiog consoiooetiffia s{iniii;{ a doairo (o make 
Lift peace with tioJ, and Moli^ Imde his attcxidant» siiumou tbo pastor 



ofSL EttiUdiP. This divine not only nfiiaed hta wrvioea, biit sbeml; 
birladi biB MMBntaatB to riat tlio dying comnlian. Aftor oonnderntilo 
4iiay ft prtort wu foand, but the good mim only lyn^hod hU poit to find 
MulUre iiieedilen. Thow piedotu momentfi wbicli precedi! deatli liiul 
been vaatonly waated. 11iat priceleits consolatiau wbicli liglitcna the 
haul of its burtbem was denied to the man who bwl Hoaurged tbe 
h ypO Mit an and empirics of liis time. >htal!6rc, \e(t to strufc^le againat 
J>mlh *«d Doabt «& tbv v«r7 thr«abold of tbe gi-av«, at Witgtli quitted 
Use ooofiatM of pnsuoo and pr^udiu ou Fvbnurjr 17, 1673. H« was 
BSt aJinM. At liiA Hidu etood two 8r«ters of Ckarity, wlioso gentloneea in 
Ihift uiHWue hour amply requited the goneroratr which, va ore told, 
Ib^ Dim- fiultNl to awalcen tn lk« author of TWrlu/^. 

On* woftM have attpposed the Church to hare reachE>d the limibt of 
|iaiHSitkui vbeD it denied its couwlntioiiii. Not so. Tbo Archliiahop 
of Puis — Uarb; de Uhampvalon — wfaote debuiebiiriflsiroro tbe oonimoD 
tklk of ibff tovD, ud the t«aonr of wboN life wm ft acm&dal to hi* order, 
alMDlatalf refined to mnction tho Inat ritn of the Church. He decreed 
thftit Jlali^re bo buried like a dofi. ilisloi? saya ; " I.e comidieii 
VHtWUX vm pnt trouver gr&re nupr^ de ce ootn^ipii hypocnt«." 
Oh^KUftV indij^tioD kfwv no bounds. He hurlml the weight of hia 
SMlteft fti tbe altar of pngudioe, and flooded tbe tovu wiLli a torrent of 
nfaoaeh. Tha following ^vne woa written at tbe time : — 

I^iiaqii'i Pitri* oa (Un* 
La i«fT«, iiprt* U Ir^jwi, 
A coax qui, prtvlMit leor tick 
Ont jcmi ia ooaMie. 
Poun^noi MJatta-t-on |m* 
!.«• bifoto 4 la ToirivT 
ILt Koit iaati le mf me eat.* 

hy the King's onler thta drcrcc wbk in some mvosiire Nit n^idr, Mn<l 
thv Arrbliiidio|> couacotcd to Moliire'a burial on condition tbnt his l>ody 
lift Iftken diicct to Iho Gemet4>n- without reKting at the church. Tltia 
■iMiJ like a conCTsdon, but the wily prelate liail \m little plot 
■Iraaily hatched. He gare strict ord«<i» to the pastor of St. Eustacbe to 
miniiitry, and nt the name time caused a rabble to auwmble at 
door, BO an to prevent the coffin paaring down the ntrcct. 
roSbv'e widow, wImm daepair may well be imuginnd, appealed to the 
nbUe (n vain, fihft was at Iimgth mIvImmI to throw a tvw "broad 
liiecea " to tbe crowd. She did eo, and eliowera of t<rv* to boot, llie 
•fbsl waa minumlnuH I not only waa the colBn permitted to {aus un- 
aialartedt but tlic tDo)>— which a moment before had vowed to ohatruri 
— tuiw timi'd ita bnnd towanU Mootmartre, and aolMsnly followed tlte 
tMly to ita liavfc In wldition to iltcM mercenarieo, one bundml pervotM, 
iKfttly hi* ^enda, aach bearing a lighted torch, r«vervntly eecort«d lite 
axffteJ nonains of MoliCn in sdlinico to Uie grave. 

»kri^l»t* LtUkt'i'^ Ci«>r«a-Ilml. p. 73. 


lustice to IQlUIiam. 

A rKW monUui idnee I gnv» thft reiulen of th« Cobitbiix MAnAnvK n 
Rhnrt discourse nn the Advetitiirfvof an Rngliich nbrinttAQ Niini<>. in wliicli 
I tmced tbc v»iyiug rortiinob of the vord John bom tbs period of Ha 
firat iiitroiiurtion amon^t iw to th« pi«Mnt dny. Ths number of lettn* 
with whidl) I was inunilattHl upon th« rabjed !nuD«diately' ftftonrarda, 
eonnnced me that the hi^toiy of ChiwtijiD Nuses wis not withoot lu- 
torciA to R wide circle of reirfcaw ; iind J mugt tAlin tliis npfxirtunity of 
i^Iagisiiig to tnicb o{ laj correepondenlH nn my ^ujptcemonls prevented 
ma feoCD Answeiinf iil the time. But I was much struck by utio ceiu- 
eldfllic» Ja all theM letters ; mcIi of my uiiknowii fii<^ds wai atutioiui 
that I dionld dovota a ajmilnr articlr to the «hiaiLttioa of hiscrhBt mm 
cognomen. Unforttmatelj', the ntunbrr <if pngM in this pcriodiekl being 
Htrictly llnitdil, I am niuble to ocmply with n vnrie^ of reqiiiwts which 
would compel ihv editor to swdl tku pi-CMni number to tlie dimcnskm 
of A volumE> intho " Kncydo[>M!iH RritaJiniOR." Here is one name^bov- 
cver, ill fiivoHr of which T raitst reulljr lonlce an cxceptioa, if oaly tn self- 
defence. Since the publication of that ' hanal€«a paper, life has beea 
made a biirdwi to mt> by every WilltAin of my ncqunintann. Therv are 
more Williiuns tLun Johnii in Ku^lund at thut moment, uid they fool 
Aggrieved at thvt impliM slight I b*vo east upon th<>ir elon. I hnve 
been to oftea a«ked when X wiw going to du juxtk-e lo AVilliiini that I 
dread the Tery apiHninncc of im initial V>' upon a catrd, until I buve 
I«Mmt that it mmely standd for Widtor Joneti, or WilkiriB Micawtier. 
Accordingly, I ]iropo>ie to-dav to wipe out my ohligntjons to «^-c^y bearer 
of the name tu £uglaud or obewhere, aud to offer my siuccrMt npc>lo]^oe 
for pru\-jous neglect. I will make the amerule ionoraiUa to William 
with nil poMiible expedition. 

Itefore I l>rgin, Uowevor, I may porhapfl be |wrdoned if I m«&- 
Hoa what wait Uie ll»t drt-um^tance which directed my atteution to tbe 
Bobjoct ofpenonal aaium ; because it will AcrYC bo show what raliiable 
aid thoy often give in settling ethoologioal or linguistic qnestionis and nwy 
thus iiroiiAt- u ratioaa) interrat in nomeocUliiTe exvJi amnuRtrttJioeuIiarJ- 
headed |>i.T8oiia who considor the »tudy of such trifloe as OQEcicittitic and 
somewhat cIiildiHii. T oiu'p had a fi-ii«d whose uune wiw ttmdy. Iia[>- 
pening lo talk with hiin oiie iluv nlxnil tbc orifiu of the word In <{iti«tH>n, 
I BU^flBted , with the glibiic6ii bom of ignonuieet that Rome one of his ance«- 
tora must hni-p dnireil thenirlcaame from bin habatuni < "r ; imd 

I iiutftocod what I thought (bo analojcoiu caae of *' I iio tTn- 

ready." UnfortnDa(«ly for me — or, perhapB, I should mtliitr aay fisrtn- 


natelf — bmj friend knew & grcAt dml more &bout the nukHer than I did, 
•tMl (jaadbnl my einpic llicorf It; • atstencnt of fute. First of nil, he 
cx]i1iuiuk) to mo tlut ^'EUkolivd wm called Unroly bocatUM he wiut lack- 
tag in t»i« or oouuk-l ; »o tbftt th« efnlhct might better 'be uodemiaed 
into " the 1 11 -»d vised," or " the LocapHltle." Next, he showwl in«, by th(! 
aid of B few fnniil; docummts in Ms po«omon, tbattlio orit^'ina] nomo of 
Ui utMBtont had horn MtTcdith, or, to write it Wolidi fnshion, Miu!«- 
djdd. Now ill Wiilne, die aoowit is alwnytt throvn ou tlie Iniit syllable 
bol uat, — the penaHnante as we my in lAtin jiroeody. So Mcr^litli is 
pnHMtnued nocii AS tliou^h it rlivine<l with '■weddetli." A ouiiploof 
bmidrw) 7«T« llf[0, one of tliwe Welsh Mei'^lhw settled in Staffoi-dahin*; 
bat M b* iMpb clOA^, AppftroaUy, to the Original pronunciation of bis 
miDi^ U was Miglicfiied by hi» neighbour, not into the iiitiial M^mliUi 
(wbtdl it formed ou tfao rt^iUr En^linb rule of tlirowinti; the noopot 
hMiwmnl), hnt into Mcmuly. OHrvloaR uttenuioe Kxm oomijitftl thiit 

ImyaaA to y'nnd;, umI GuaUy to HMuIy. The fbiir Btagv«( — Mnivlydd, 
M«n<ditfa, Mcreudy, and K«<idy — -wem all to b« found coatieeutiv«ly in 
-a^ tnamtti'* ilocainefitB. I lony add that Huch change* hareMldou) taken 
"fiiat Mn un gat edttcatod fitmilJw at bo late n dale ; but in tlie dnyi before 
llw RenkiaMUUie thry nro very o)MU-ly tnt«Mib1e by similar nvidetiMt. 
^- Tism Baoj nodcTD C^humleyfi Imvo goue through all the variiitioas of 
■CbolSBOBdely, Clnlmdely, Cholmlcy. and Chumloy. 
^B This inrtanoe wl toe thinking \\\mu the oriuiii of xiimninett, and X 
B aaaa Cwim) that I nwld not x^t (jack any distance in tlio nctirch without 
k pMvietw inT»«Ugatifiin of their predecesBoFS, oar Christian yatncti. 

»Tbe mam iWidy I w<nit into the siiij«ct lite more conviaetHl did T Income 
ti itai gnat ralae as ao eluridnkir of hixlork.-nl or ethnimi (irohlenis ; imd 
wkm J began to rvmil the early form of out- language which we Foolislily 
oJl Ae^lo-SaxoD — it li really English in ite puteot ahape, nttadulbtmtcd 
k^ FkVDch or Latin eksneata — I found that a cnrr^ct coinpreheiUQon of 
WD—flatnw was indisp<nua1>le to the rigfat nndorstanding of our airly 
UMoiy. Thm-fotv I slmll n)iiki> no apology fur a few morv prL-liminary 
nMtflcB opun the (ipaeral method inrolved. 

Too will me at once, hum the cue of my friend Ready, that we 

eaiiaoC aafely pi«oevd by gue«B-worb, but mi^t iteek the evidence of 

wtitMB doeumcnbt fur theoTtginnl forme of eveiy name. T>tt ti* take 

ao iabvne hnrtanc* of ilie opporite inodm of prmiNliire. One of my cor- 

tfwmlenta, on (he ocoiaien Ot my Innt p(tp<'r. ^iveily objcirt't-d to the 

^ darfvatfam of WUUnmn there given from Wilktu, tlio diminutive of 

BwiUtam, and asserted that it irally romnt "n eon of one of tlio kin of 

^HBL" Fnrtlirnnori', hn wan of opinion t hnt tbo woH " William " itself 

^^1^^ troBx thi< ohaiice luunrer of a ot^ain Will. who. on lietng nuked hifi 

ancwwed, " Will I am." * Ofcouiw, I need hardly tell >-oii that 

ih! nt imaitncii^, I iii*«t *■; l&al thin ilerivation wu 
ty |vu]M>M... ...:. 1>y »» cditmtn] Ban, ahu bnl ovidEDlly {ina « sood 

I af attMRfoe lo laratin*^ witbcaii i)m add of «d«aUSe motliDd. 



IusUnt' shows OS Williwos bdbro it shows ns Wilk; that tfan ULtw 
wonl mtfttift notlung mtelligibla by iuwlf, and iui txvuld not poMihly ham 
be«n Ui« iiri^iial fmiu ; aud tliat Willioiu in only a corrupltoii at the 
Bigb Qflnnan 'W'ilhelm, ootiG«niiaff which, oa the melodrauiatieU uy. 
more noon. 

Bnt bow, it will he ukcd, nu yon tP'^ sufficient maU-rials For com- 
paring Ukd obe«rnn|{ the ettriy kIuijio of viuioiM namM t Upon Uiis ^lu)- jert 

gnat deal of miBOnncepdoii iteiuM-ally jireTailff. Few peo}i)e kavtt ahv no- 
tion of U)V itnmakse nnrnhMr of le^ or other tlocumeata — charten, ^nukta 
of land, d(V(U of nie or oxcbangot, reconls of facta, and wilts or teatamMils 
— vtiloli still exist of the peiiod btiforu Lho Kunniin Conquest, lli^ 
tliinlt that the otil^r naines we poMsem uf tiiat epoch ore tlio few taen- 
tionw) in the Engliati Chroniele, and ridicQloualjr trnvostktl in our sohool 
hiatof ice. Dot the fact is, orery " At)f;lo-8axon " deed, of which Imn- 
dreds remain, has the n^nataroM of from l«ii to a hnndred witMoes 
a{ip«aded toiUlext; uidfl-om these alone w can get a vaet ntuiiber of 
diShtent nftma^ sad watch thegnnrtli of noiauucLitturo'fronnge to tgt. 

1 «tt«tQpt«d to count up, for your betufit, the wbola lint of such rij^na- 
turee in one of the fcreat printed collectiona — Thorpe'n Diplomatarivm 
.£vi .^'n^miei — but when I had icAchod three tltoiuend my etatistMl 
nnlonr U^au to cool, and I thoiijfbt it would be better to [iiiMifiit yoa 
with tbn tmiialntiun of a dingle early hpecdmen, whtdi illiistratce boUi 
the tyjio of iiomonclature and the boaboBtJe style of the [teriod. It ia a 
charter of Beorhtuulf, Kuift of the Meraans, a oontenporary of j£the>l- 
wulT of WesKix, fathei- of RicR AUrtd tfae Great. It \x»n date 
A.D. no ; it is wntl«u etitiirly iu Laliu ; and it contains • gnutt of land 
to tbf^ church of St. Maiy at Bvesham. 

" When Xemroth the fpnnt built BAbJJoci and the tower of eoitfnnoa, 
Sciiiitiirc iWtaiv* that language was widely scattered, and that tlienoe- 
forwikrd anus SJid war be^n t^i-ou^h hatred. But wltitn the tyranny of 
Babilon passed away, it is crrtaiu that Rome raisrd high her bead, who 
thitnigh thfidivtirso laogURgt* (Uiil nations instil ut<-d law and justice, and 
compvUcd tLuni by force to pay tribute. But tb« Pivino Giace refused 
not, to wliom honour and taxes were due, thither to i-onder tham, say- 
ing : Kmder what tltiiiKH aro Omar's to Cawar, and what thtucs are 
God's to Ciod. Thi*. thorcfore, bring heAnl luid premise, I, Beorhtnnlf, 
K ing of Mercians, for the cure of my soul iiud the Itope of «(M-nal reward, 
wUltugly gival iu ]>ei-pctuity to tlie chtirch of Suiut Mary, Um bfaned 
mother of Ck^d, and p-ver virgin, which is sittrnted in BoaBshaae, iMM^ 
tepn uiAnspa, vidtlicet, X in Cwentnoe, ii in Pobouurth, anil t iu Mapobe^ 
baniue. And let this aforesaid land bo free fton nil burdens or soOubir 
deioaodH, except tbtwe three, tite liuilding of biiilges, and of fortilicatduns. 
and the niilitaiy H-rvnov. Hut whuso ohull Itc willing in olwervn iim 
our niunitic('nt )i;n^nt, for hiin ntay an eternal r«iwani Ix* laji) np : and 
whoM) »lutll be utiwillin^, aud idtall euihnvour to bruik it, tiiuy Aluit^thty 
(Jod hrakk his rule and power, both here and in the life to come, and 



hb pAitintb tbe deril, in tbe pit of nether dftrknent. ntilms he 

VDrtfailj nuke amunda for htfi fmilt. Now c^iis clurtn*" ("dn* 

rpwpha" [ne] in the original) " wiu eogroand in the yaa of our Lord's 

liseHiMtiBO DGVCXX., iodictioo iii, in tlw Mcond jcnr of tho nigo of 

til* mU Idug Beorbludlf. llicsn imt tho witooBK* : — 

' 1, Baorhtuulf Uio Kinx, in Uie niuuo of tho holy urn] undiviilcil 
l^^init)',p«it«d MuJ fpivo thU RTMit. I, SMthritL tht Qnoon, ^rantdtl it. 
[I, Tanbn-ht Uir Buliop, {fintiti^l iL I, Albliun thu 6iAbo|>, grxni^d it. 
X, ODotfiaJ tlu) I^aIiuii. gnnled iu I, Beorfainxl lliv Pii>lio|>, grAutcil it. 
[j, At^elbanl Hut eolilormiui, f^at«d it. 1, Uimbifrbt the <>&lilortDHti, 
', fimniAl it. 1, Mucrl tbe ealiloruan, ^atod it. I, j£lfirtan tiio eolilor- 
MaO, |P»t« Uljr lUMBt."* 

But MUDe poopiv will otfjcd thnt cliartnni, l><r tb«ir verj tixturo, can 
aaly ojbImId the tignfttvw of kiitgtf, l>i»liojift, ewU, aii<l otber higb 
Rnetioiunes. How am we tnow, they m-IU aak, whnt wore th« ian«l 
Dunn of ordinary bum-Iubouron) and svrfii at tJiut oarly period 1 Even 
for thoHt we hsTQ eboadaut docuiuautivrv evidonce in wills, nianniaiBsiotiB, 
gniU rak*, md oilier remiUns of jiri^-^te llfiai Hero, for exniuple. h ilw 
paiSgn» of Ik lAboorin; Ihioily nt HnUk^d, wliicli will hIiow Itovr mi-o- 
toDy their oonnextooe wen rooordcti, in order to secure the rights of lliair 
iBfd- I have altered ttie " Anglo Saxon " intomodem Kngliiib as little 
•■ fwiblis but I tnut it will be int«dligible to aoet of u; roailers. 

t)aiU« waa a toor io llaUifplda [lUlfldJ). And ha hid throt dMisbler*. One 
bif/tA IhMTWjit ; t]i( Other, l>Mn«yth : 111* Xliinl. Q^ildo. Ani! Wnltiir at llmaifnl Ja 
hUh ttM'TwyR Io «if«. Add MlbKAM at TWeingnvfTlb^ [TtKhinRw^rtli] hub 
I>K>niiit^ to w'Jt. AvJ Kalkvtao. £\lti*a'r brotlicr. batb OoMc ti> wifv. Vnc 
Utbt Owiu was bea-k«ep«T in HsUiiUila. And bii daugbur, «li« biebi TnW, wki 
■»tfctt of WolMft tb» anhar. And H«hstan HI WcaladeM [Walden} liaUi Sullv. 
WolAift'* uaior, Io wife. Wifoi, aad ihtan*. Mil S40I0TC, »«t« iabora »t HmIi. 
hldk Wif^i* MM, btgbt Dnilins. i> »clU«d nt Wti^ladiB*. And Ihuiau'* mo, hinbb 
Oaolarawl, ia ak* Ktilad at WMbdaac Aail Smloca's aoo, Ugbt flbslMb, t» dcs 
••Ulal at VaaladMia. Aod Meg U Watigmt pValwjna) bulb CenwaU'* n\ua, hi^ 
Tall; lA vib. And lUdatm, Urri-lhryib'i k>d, bnth Tit^'i dnnflhtor to 'filt. Wbt- 
«Bii'* bliwr, bi|^ VbU/, vw a right [or Uvfol) wort at llvthfelda. II« b<Jd [or 
fci^) tbe KTcjr rviw t 

One otK'4' abort doninunt, trom tbe fly-leaf of tho Abbey MiwAl nt 
Bath, baa a oingular inter«st to RtiglUhmen of th» praeent diy, wb«n 
elam oannot touch Uritisb »oil without becouiiog (rw. 

Itn* it mnil* known, io tki« Cbriit'i tu-jk. tbat -t^dxttce. Bjuip's too, karli 
boi^i itm HiUlMtf* bU MO fratn Aflbige, AbW of [iaih, aad fMni all Um aibuAw, 
ftr tlatf pn<* t« •nrUKinf frmdoai. 

Doeeoa of like ilociimoita inform us how " Godwij^, tlio llurk, bought 
Jm^^I^ the Bskmtcr;" bow " Hallwyn Hooir. iu HxeocAtrc (Kxeter], 
hae &«ed HcgelflKvl, ber woman ; " or bow *' Ediwn, ttefiigl's widow, 

• Konbl*. CUec PifUmatinu JJn Auo-iVt. Ji. 6. Noi ocillr. 



Iioiig^ Oluilu (rou Colvwino, for half & poand, aa price »sid toll ; and 
Alword, tiie Port-rDcrc, took the toIL" Pram • Tiet oolkvtica of such 
flotziai^ we can get a deKr uotioti of tlw nameB B»wt cnrreQt Rmon^ th» 
vuua of tbe people ia ererj pari of £»gUjid during the first poriod of our 
national lif«. 

If tbe materiala fur a liistoiy of nomeiiclature befiira lh» Karmnn 
Cooqouii ore ao abuniUnt, I ncol hnrtUy say llint tbor are atUl nKira 
atntndane after tliat great oontml em. Homadai/ Jiook ulone ooDtatn* 
8u«h a dirvciory of all En^aud in tlie tJme of Kio^j; William as tt woold 
1>« hard to find for tJie Eog^id of our own daj. Ai)d (o LbiB tiie eh&r- 
tsn, wUlii, munioimis, local reoonU, tomlut, and otlier public ducucMnta 
uad prii-abo monumtntA, in all tho fruildhalb, rhiiptcr-bonaes, chtirchai, 
aaxXtMt and abl>o;s of Gteat Bntain, and yon linve » mana of nutttor Ux 
loam copioua than Uie most industriouit iuveKtigntor cniild ever attack 
aiu^lt^llMl<U!d. Even iiftw oU the good work puifoitned liy Mr. Lower, 
Mr. Bu-dsley, and 3I1-)b Vonge, the study of Kng^ish notnenclatara ii 
atUl in it» iufnoc-y. 

But all thi* timt, ho»" alwnt 'WiUiAm t TTavp I oHVtred him juatioo 
meroly tJwt T umy ailil insult Ut ii\jiiry, and kwp him waiting in the 
TeBlibuIe while 1 nta conaidenn^ the t-Luin» of Qodric and ^thL'JUirytli I 
1 must put him off no longer, but make him the tardy ammd" which ba 
claims vitti hia &tijg tlionsand Hcptu-ato moutJu^ 

William is one of thos*- numcroua nmnce which bolonj; to tbe tertiary 
Ktraliiiit of KnglLsh iKimcDcIntitre. Fiist of nil in oop history comn the 
pure Enxliah cc^omais, vhioh ow fatliers brought inbb tlirm firon, 
their old bonw in Slecwig Hotstcln. Theee, whieb are oxomplitied ik 
King Bmrbtuulf 'a charter, we may regard aa forming the primary seriea. 
Neat raukx the Kccoudary dvpoait of Ihinich oamiti, thivkly ecutt<rrod 
over the nortli-Gii'tt of Kngland by the colonista who tumod that i^on 
iDto the Dennlagii. Thirdly, we grit the tertiary stmtuiD of Norman- 
rVench RoVrts, Hemys, and lUcharda. This gtratum, as I hiu* aln-ady 
pointed oul whilu dealing with the ca«e of John, ooiuiurtH of original 
High Gfriiiaii wonla, tnmaplaDted to IJion aiul Paris by tbn Prankieh 
conquerors of Gaul, adopted in turn by the Komanised Keltic [ii<o(ila 
from their Teutonic iiriatocTBcy, luindcd on to the Scaudinariau aettlers 
in Normiuidy, cu-riod onco more by tbe Ifomian barons to Englnnd, nnd 
tliere finally ncct-ptMl by tli(> 3iixon, Anglian, nnd Daniidi iNjji-,iIatiou. 
What a (iiietT, round -alxiut circuity (Vom IVancmiiik to Edinlnir;i;b, vi& 
Paris and KoueA; — from High GennnntoLow Grnniui, through Latinisod 
Kelt uud OaUiciwd XortlimaD I Tliix is one of tlioeie nttnnge facta of 
hiatorv which w-c couM never have gtitvtool for ourMilves, if we hail not 
the crrtjiiiity of ihtcumonlary midpnce to pniiie ne on our way. 

The earlirat tana of the name William with which 1 nm uc<iiiatnt«d 
is tKat of Wilhdm. It to hap|M<ns thatthl^ form might equally well 
bo High or Low Dttlclt, Iwcauso tJii) kouikIa wldrh make it up ant 
tMOo of thnn tbcee liable to ebange in pnaatiig from the one group to the 

«4k«r. lU tvo oompotMot olomenta, Will and n«lni, are good English 
and pxi GcRDAD alike. Ttua is oot th« caoe viUi such a nanw m 
Thigdrii*, or Tlieodoric, the Ruler of the Peo]>Ie, which, hy iiriaua'a L&v 
— UmI btifhmr of jrousg philologists — becouw l>ieti-icfa in Uigli Oar- 
aukn. 1 mian, couj^Uilatc mj rcatJecs upon such » h^ppy cluuKO, fot 
Alsuwt thi> Q&ly «DitM>tuutU free from like intcrchutgo *n exactly tboM 
whioti oecnr in Wilhelm ; nnil Uimt wn mn tftavd lh« recipi-ooa) wuioy- 
■am uTitiria^ miiI reoeiviu^ » lecture oil that itriottt of all drr Teutonic 
ttBovsriaL Koft in p€a«e, O vell-iuuii«d Gritnin ; thon and thy Law 
■hall Dot bo rodnl; baudled by my profaoe pen. 

14 la a liKk tMitologkal to »y tJiat WUl means Will, hot not 
qrita BO mnch co to say thai Hatm means H oltntft. Of course, w« all know 
lb* old anil ahorterfiDnu, uf which bdmct ut n Jiiuinutivu; if nowhere 
•In, at louit ta OmyV " Helm nor (kauberk's t«-iAted uail." OrigiiiaUy, 
tlMD, WUhvlui tDBMUt HuuietbiDg vei-y liko " stout warrior " ; for in eajly 
Bitn think of RbfltniL-t: <]aalitios mostly by their ratrrcspondinjf con- 
Th» "raaoluta ctvat" that wawalwavK n^tn in the thick an<) (om- 
front of th» 8HT^e fight, tliiit U tlio uu'lvrlj'ing notion of th« iiiodem 
^VilUora. Une may, peHtapu, oompura it vritli tlio aUxk Humerio &pi- 
lleelor cf the glnnctnf; caiique. 

I an many other Ilolma in (Jcrmany botiiileH Wilhelm, such aa 
Holnholtl, lleboeridi, awl Uelmhart, the holnietod clii<-f, aui kiuj;, and 
thm finn helmet, raepeotiTely ; while the Xurae Iljiilmar, the crested 
nrrJor, gires lu the luino idoa in n ScandioaviaQ drcea.* But I will 
DSkUogW on tiuK part of my subject, Rinro I know Enf^Ush r««dM« baro 
• Manain inqkatieooe of Old High Cit^ruiitri, for which I cannot truly 
blaao them, oonatdering the paioh tikken by the philologiHts of tho 
FUliiiriund to make thai language Hii|»<«ue]y nninteroatinj^. 

Vi*bcxi the Pnnka woTod eastward tivm their Teutonic home into 
'<-h ibey have giYi^a the name Frankieich or Franoe^ 
k witii tliem nJ) their Geruuin nameH. Whether Wtl- 
wna oar> of tbm, or wluitlicT il came in Intur with the dyonsty of 
I Karl tiie Onot— our ('harlt>mago« — I annaot t«U you ; though perhaps 
Bitftv loaned |H!r*on may hare met with the name in tlie {m^ea of 
of Tonra or hia suooeoeora. At auy mte, it Ape«dily pamed 
I general nae io Nomuindy, aa eonn a^ the .Scandinavian settlen had 
called the rich proWaoe of Neuatria nft«r their oa>n race. Tlte fint 
IfMiBtimi of yorthmon in Gaul OAtorally horo such Korwegiao Dames 
M Hrolf, flrim. Uinni. Harold, Thar, itnd Haeo. But tlie youngtr crop 
of Ofcrwtianhwd anil < ialliriflcd NoruiniiA ci^picil th» Mptisuuil iltt<ignn- 
tanii* of tbalr Knuiki»b ov«r-lords ; hwI lh<u llrolf hiiiutelf, the KoUo of 
oar mntilatMl bifltorica, flmt Dake of the new principality, gave bin son 
onl r the Prankish uamv of Wilhelm. Thia w'ilhdm wua fol- 

* I ««« mj ■I'imiiwlNlamflRU for nmny particalara lo Mua Yongv'i iat4natiiiK 
■rk •« Oinktitn Nnnra. 



lov«d by » rontlnDMis liue of IUchiu>da, Boboits, uid othnr Wil!teliii% 
till ab Lutj tlie dj»a«ty culminntnl in the greAt Oooqueror of ICuglaiit]. 
who introduced Ihe Nonaut title* into bin new kinedoui. 

William the Coniiuaror liiinMlf spelt liii> oamu Willelm, thougli.for & 
rOMon to be mcDUDricti hcroafirr, the form PiUelm occun moat o^xoi na 
tucootJiA. Ev<.ii Utforo tli«C^iuitu^,WiUuunH wcrotiyoouiCAnii tinknowit 
in Engluiil ; for UiP Konoanising UrJtdeiicy Iiad alrmdy U^uu at tiio 
coQii »f Eetdiriu^ tbo OooCeftWr. " WUkliu Buoop," m Uie Ckrouidtf 
odU him, wan a wolLknovn pentoiuge nador the saintl; king : ami 
Bn^ish fiuiiilii-s fwo then had lakon a (kncy for colUDg their sons aflts- 
llio iittrunv4 forcignvn who flockod to th« bo«fitaIity of Wi-*.Uninxti<n- 
aud WtiiclK«tvi-. ill fiwt, Nornan naiUM wnv tjt-tliii^ fagliionalile. But. 
after the (.'uiu|uetit, tlia fnehioD beouae an tn-eaistiUIe tiilc. In a f«w 
ymn all our native natnca bad di<»))[)eared, and ereij l>iid(la and TaC« 
in England wtu chriKtoning hia or her cbildnm " Bixibert," " nvanrig." 
and ^ OcK&oi." tho Bobert. Hcnrv, and Gtoffivy of later days. 

Of courM tb« ro^al eoji;nom«n Willelm vas tbo gmtmt (nvoimte 
aiuonjn: all tbnH!> ii«w iiii)>urtAt«ODii. Mr. Kantsley finda Do leea than 
aixt>'-oight j<et«)bA so called in iJomwtfiry Bod; k> tbftt it had ^read 
widely even duriitg Che lifetime of the victor of Ilastiags. "This 
name." snvs (Vimdi^n, " hatii been ino«b common in EngUttd since 
William tlio C(vn(|iicror, iosomuvh thnt on n feativol day in tlia court of 
King Henry II., wh«'n Sir William 8u Jolin, aiid Sir William Fil»- 
hauou, ««))«cial officem, hud cojumandixl that none but th« ntuue of 
Williiun Bbuuld dine in the great chamber with them, tbey were acoam- 
p(uucd with one htmdrod ntid twenty Williaua, all kni^ts, m Bobuii 
Mont«unK rocordcth, amtta 1 1 73." Next, it [MMsd into the lowlands of 
Soollnnd, witli Wiliiain tlM> Lion. Throngh tbe Middle Ages, boweT«r, 
it bt^ton to decline Aj^niu, aa Jvhu and HuntT' came into fasten. I must 
atk lnRV<> to <]uc>t« onoe more Mr. Bardaley's int«roiting amount of iu 
snlwH^uent hiMbarr, aftor its failing popularity during the Ftaatagouei 
period : for attliongh I Imvo oitcc before oxtract^Kl it, ilpropOA of JotOit 
we cannot well omit it h«i«, whom its bcai-iug upon our prvceut nubject 
mtuit chioDy bu oonKidere<I. "It in iat«reitii)g," sayn that painstaking 
author, " to tmM the way in which Williatn has again recovered itself in 
later days. Throjigliont the Middle Ages it occupied a ctm-dy scn>iiil 
place, fearless of any rival beyond the one that had auj>plaut«d it. lt« 
dark hour wns the PiirilaiL common wealth. Aa a Pagan name, it vaa 
ityectod with horror and disdain. From the day of Uic Protestant Bcltli.-- 
mcnt and Williau'i) acceeaion, however, it again looked up &om tbc ould 
ahade into which it bad &illen, and now once more stands easly, as eigbt 
centiiricn ago, at the bend of our bnptlauuU re^istvi-s. Julin, on thu otbur 
band, though it liad tbo ndituttoge of bttog in no way liateful to the 
Furltan conscience, had, rram one rMwun or another, gone down in thv 
-world, and now bos «e^u rcemoud itii early plaoe as moo&iL" 

Meanwiiile, Uio form of Uie word had been undvt^ing a. vtwdy 

tk» abnipt MiMtlusioa 

WUlelm tbrougboub Uie Ea^rlUb CWooido, till 
of thftt great work in tl>o troublous tnga of 
Stophco (aj>. 1 154). In Bolerb of GloncMtur (a.d. 1298) it hu beoii 
worn down to WilluD ; tmd nt Icwrt u mrly lut IScxa tbe Plowmiui 
<AJk ISG'2) it hail MHumod iu modom dnwH or Wiltiam. Tfaiu wo have 
alav doeainentary ortdeuoe, were auy needed, that our exutang name is 
in nrj fact tii« geauiae aod undoubted deooeudaot of the old Uigb 
Qwiiiiii Wilhftlm. 

Hw modem French fiqiuvalant of William \a of oourae GaillaumA. 
lUt (6cm, again, d««0Mi<i8 &om Wilbelm through tli6 iut«nnediate stages 
of WDMdm and Witlmulme. All Keltic nations have a. fancy lor in- 
iHrtiaK a ^Itural bcforo words which bccin with a W. Tbtts WiUiom 
fat Welali cliA&gM to Gwilym. SiaiiUrlj our Teutonic tenr b«MmM 
J Maui in Freoch, while to woffor rcappeare as i/atjer, ao that icojrea and 
f^fpw Btv nmlljr tbe aaiue word. GAlcr ia to ica«te. 9dJ«au iv the old 
ftlglfrfh vtuUl, and gaufrtM are our teaJUt. In like uuinDer ihe Tou- 
Imlc Wnltur lieoouGa (joultier and finally Oautier. Sometimes modem 
Brftf**" ha» preoecvnl Iwlh th« alternative forms Ixom tbe mother tongue 
■ad tlie Korman PrCDcb. For example, to u^rd siirriTai by tbe side of 
to 0ttanj ; yjanlfH liroa togviber with gvttrdiait; a warranty is oquivo* 
Itnt to n gvaranlM ; and we do thinjpt elthn- in a cortjtin vrUa or in 
HM» otbar 'jvUt, Tbeae nnalogiea abow U8 easily enough tbe m an n er in 
vfakb Wilbolm pine I into Ouillaume. 

Hie next atep waa natumUy to Luttniae it. Our old clironiclera were 

qnto coDteut with Willalmna, tna if tbey did not, like tbe Bayeux 

Jttpmbj, ooeanonidly tndalga fai tlto barbaric Biiu|>liRity of " Uic ««t 

Vllhiba DuK." Tbe Conqiuror'a couu goneraliy liear tbu l«geud " Pil- 

Hcx." or " PiUelaa Rex, " where the /' niuAuht lu tbe old ECngUHli form 

IT; bnt hci gnat aeal roadt *' Willeluiu^" Ilia aan, tbe Itetl King, 

) 'varis fastwaon " Pillcm " and " riUolm," while one of bia coins haa 

tka my nodem-lookiiiK form '• Pilicni.'' Tho groat seal, too, givca us 

th* f»«*n*^ " Wiiielmtu." If we put thoeo vorianU side by aida wiUi 

" WmWnw" and " Wilf^lmua," from the Bay«ux taijcatry, it iH dear 

tibat tiw li<}uid aouud of the double I must bare bcj^uu to be felt very 

anrl/, tboa ■eooontingfor the latier aoftening into WilliuD. More culti- 

■vstad agoi of oonna objected to tbv Teutonic w as anjihin^ but Ciooro- 

kin ; and after the Itanainacec, the Frcneb fonn wait translitomt«d as 

■M^tfWaua. Arohhisbop 8aoavA tliua af-iteiirs on tbe " Sevan Buhops' 

^^^Bl" oadcr Jamoa 11., oa doeii alio bia ri^bt roverood hrotlier, Uc^d 

^Bf SL Aaapb. Kren on a medal of William 11 [., wo find tba inRciipUoB 

^^ burkUwiBiua Ouillelmua Mugnns." Bnt tbe Proteatant rhampion 

fignnn «a tlia ngulor ooiimge aia UuLiftlmtta, a Tariatiou fomed by more 

udooi pttriato upon tbe ooneot analogy of tiie Italian Guglielmo. This 

h lb* akape sow cumntly aooe^tcd aa tbe olaaaical Latin form througfap 

o«tnll Bvnfie, though tbe intermediabo Btage of Gailielmoa still Itnigei* 

vol. tu— KO. 3^0. 1 1. 



JTTSnCK TO wnxxuL 

on in Kxnoto qnftrten. So diffionlt u tusk is K cmo to Inux the iiio£fi- 
cationit ofa (dngk Cliiutiui smdo. 

I Cftonot honntlj' mj tint U10 dUninutira funiiK from Wtlitiuu ua 
Umie ao uAermting «a those Jrom Jolin. Tbe oarlkst u WiU6, whidi 
ounra in Uower'i " Vox CUnHWtis." As tho fiiui) Kind wns Knmd«<l, 
tliia abbrcnriatkiu cuiDot h&ve dUTcrcd mitch in pronUDC»ttoD (hnn tbe 
modora Willie. Like otben of iu citm, it wob degenerated into ample 
Will ; and 111 that guise it became the fufnJIier dflslguation in Elitabekhu 
tlmee, being tlw mont fttx|aent title of fflukapeam Itimself. Another 
nedBKTiU pet form was Wilkin, occaeioDftU; sborteoed to Willdo or Wilk, 
just an Jonkln wm nl>bn<TiaUKl into Jacky »ud Jack. Barer diminutireB 
are Wilraek aud Witiuut-, licsidc a Bcoro of othcni, which it would be 
tedious Ut enuBieTatn in full. 

As for Bin, Jiia origin feemt to i» quits modem, and be )« rightly 
Ttetrict«d for iJho most part to the rougher cJasses of oor poi>ulaUoD> 
NeveMhelflSB, he has given rise to a Escondary form, Bitly, and haa eveo 
stood as i^fatlicr to tLu hmjr-cock liat. S^mo authorities, indeed, tiacB 
to liijn tbo piilroayiaic Bilsoa ; but ta tbe word itMlf noYcr occurs in 
our early lit«iutiiT«, T feel oonvinoad that (he Lu(t.naia«l form is a men 
wmpttoii of tbe loctti surname Bilstoo. 

The &vourit« diminntive in our own time in undonbtodly Willie; 
and hers it in worth notice that tbe eaidearment of family tie* in modflm 
Hfe »eeiiui to iia\'e mado a distinct differoooe in tlw character of our pet 
namfis. Tbe curt mediaival Jack and KiLto are n^Iac«d by tbe softer 
aonnibof Jolmnionnd Katey; wliile Buchbarsh muoosyllablutaaBoband 
Moll bare been buualiotl from tbu firmido to tbv strwt or tbe publi«- 
buuso. Almost all our [nvwint short nnmes have a decidndly aAeetaomtt 
ring. Just compare Ernie or Kdie with IXck or Joan, uud you will Moe 
at once bow much more redolent of home and hi4i[»aeu are otu- later 
diminntlvea. Yet this change ia naMy no mora tlma a return to the 
OTtginal fonn of tJie ptt names, which wuro first |»wividc*l with two syl- 
lables, as in Will*), J»ck«, Bol>)v-, Uk-h iihortcmwl to Will. Jack, Bob,! 
finally lengthened agmn to Willie, Johnnie, Bobbio. Tlius dom '. 
repent itticlf even in no omail a jHirticular as tbe Jhahioa of our oicknasue. 
Nay, is not tbo (Jnc^n Ann« revivnl actually bringing book tbo oads 
obsolete Putty and Dolly and Kitty bofura our "very eyes I 

WtllLim has given rise in turn to many nod various euroames «f 
divrase orders. yit«t of all, it uccunt in the idm{)lu form as 11 pnta'oufiiue. 
Next, with tb© sign of tl>e po««w*<ive, it gives origin to tbo fumilyaf 
Williams. The nitditi<>n <if tit^ word t"n Bn|({)lies a namo to the WilliAm- 
sonK. Th« eomtnoti flimiiiiitive in niuivrQUiliIe in like UKitii»T for Will, 
WUU,and Wilson. Holhealtoruativu form affords the iNu-alkd herios. Wil- 
kin, Wilkina, and Wilkinson; wlulothe vell-knownScoluh name of Jade 
ituds itfi analogue in Wilks, or in tbo more aristooruiic ahapo Nasotaatod 
in all our minds with ** Wilbtr: and laborty." Tbe naao of our ] 
painter WUkle may bu cumiHinid with HiAkey, and Wilkisoit 


&ifnpku*on. r>Qr lliird dintisutn-o, Wilcock, Recounts for Wilcox and 
WtkoolaoQ. Mr. IUnUl«y du« tlio more rwotulitt formi^ WillU. Will- 
Bwtt» WUnot, Willut, Willet, and Willeri. Even Iboeare but n mero 
biHiitlw whole b1u&£. Tbe^irogGOfof Wiliiuniipmd everyvhere 
thm tand, uid sltnort riral tbon cnT John is tJieir ahiqnitoiDUMm. 
Nor is this ftlL Bandm tbo tnie Engliaii WiUtsn, hb Wdsli syno- 
Bfm ku {(i«VD UB a large ln)>e of Gu iUiiuas, and of Gwilyms. From 
*VrfP"mi". tltniugli it* itimuiutiro (luiilot, oom« Gitlot ttad GilloU, which 
ihoiM ttoofivs be wundcd vith cho initul bud, nnd not u if written 
JIBMl Poadbl^ tha niro •unuinuH OilKoi and Gillnrd iini dtn-ivn) from 
the MBie WBRV. Tlie tiootch tHipplement the list with tlicir Mnv WLI* 
Ubou ; but 1 do not know of any Imh oi)iiival«nt. Tb» reputntion of 
Iher WiUtdiDJ in K^'hmd luu nudp nnotho' low Dutch foim fkDuliar 
to oar MUK. Altoxetlicr, vilhout trBV<d]in;^ oiitddc the Britixh Isleti, 
■on* Artf^^va Bpjnrtil« pnti-onymiw niiiv h» tmoed to th« originiU 

Tbc tiom Je ptvmc of the Amerioiui humourist, Mr. Jc«b Billings — ft 
■badow of tbo iaimitahlQ AHcmns— idioWH nx in a tndy lame)itabl« 
" to wlmt base oaes wo may oomc at bet" Thoogli not dinctly 
^ i »c J ttom WtUtMi), the oaiuo Billinga is bo <-Iowlr analof^uu to that 
rf Williamaon tbttt it deaert'eB a pnuiug mHution in th« prf«eDt hintoi-y. 
Tha aTllahle inff was tbo {MtnmTinic tcrminntion in Ikrly En^lifib, or 
itlwr tn thii Toutoiilff lanj^ungm guaenHy. Wbonover tlie Kiigliab 
C ^ orf cW wisbn (o hum np a genealogy it does to in tlie following 
baldaa >— ^ A«tb»lwulf wiw Kc-^brihting ; Ec|;briht vruti iMibmuncIin^ ; 
Ealkmtuul wu £aflng ; En(ft«-mfi Kopping ; Eajipawiislngilding; Ingild 
waa Ido'o brolbpr, tho Wuit-Saxon kins'i!'." Iti'^ilnr trilies, liearinif nidi 
ptXnmjmie v-'- - ! ic coapooont tlomont* of tlio early li^glisli 

|noplB.jiut 1:> I -jf Runie, or tlM eliuw and wpta c^ Hcotiand 

and Ifnkad, 

A Arw Riodmi mnuunai, nich oh Fiwling, Anning, CoUinf!*^ n^in- 
mioga, Ilarding, Eaullti^ and Willing, Htill praaprve tlio iDem(»ry c^ 
tfa» ancient trilMil tnganiaution. 

WbMi tbfl Eiigltih cnlonised Britain, tjiey enme aver in siich eliuu^ 
ccnpcMtdof iwdnbcnicadi bcarin^onp of tlioaecominuo titles. Wbermnn* 
Ibey MttM, tbey called tho Aam or lu» after their clan nnto«. Thtia tJie 
frnifngp had Ihair h(im» at HoddD^ian], and tlw Wmlinf^ tlieir town 
at WelUagtoo. Ad iaiQimiu tmmber of llieoe cUn Mttlnnitnis arts 
■Bttarvd orsr thit wbul» of 8axua or Auj^liaii Bhlain, and they enublo 
b> jndgB roogbljr Utn proportion which thu difGsmt tribes bon> in tha 
radditujUju, Kt'iuDD^ttun, lilln^'ton, irF4iiiu;luini, Itttnitiig 
rmiii^lmm, and Whii>piiighnoi, amtjuDiliur inrtAuras whifb«voi'y- 
lO^kaowi; Uit a (jlanoo ataoitiaiy map will iliKclcnw hundreds of 
olhim. and will thaw tbo ooivanality of tiK«o family homet>t«adB. 

Voir tbo Billings were the ivj-al raoe of the Vm-ini, jwt an tliv Mht- 
or Mcroviogtaiu wero tlie lojal race of the oarly Franks, vupciv 

11— 1 




Mded in Ister days by tlie Karlingn or Corlovingiuw, the deaoendaiita of 
Karl Uic Cireat. Thfiae Billing derived their origiD fna> romc real or 
mythtoft] aooestor Will, no doubt th« brother of Woden, Ihe divine Will 
or remlution. Witliout attaching too muoh unportanoe to the influiwca 
of national diantcter upon natioaal tajthology, wo may ncogtum a 
gtboilM toodi of Um Tmtbonic nature in thtt d«tficHlioii of i4«&4Gut pur- 
poso. Well, some of the Billing the sons of the dedfied WUI, cotme to 
Britaio with tbeir brother AngUans, and settlod firtt at Kllijig in Nor^ 
thninb(>rland. Theuce the yrvuojfor memfanni of the clan raigiuted to 
Billingbam noil Billin^de in Durham, and to Etillingky in Tca^afaire; 
for as Mr. laaae Tnyl&r (to whom h«r« and elsewhere I o«re my deepest 
■oknowledgmenta) ban cleai-lr proved, the original colony always bean tho 
dan name atone, whilo the junior braachoa add aome sacb distioctira 
affix as stead, fi^U, w&rtA, or ham. But alax for tho fitte of royal foini- 
lim I Tbfi only Planlagenei I erer heard of a« a living peraoiMge waa a 
mulntto txMiMiuavRr in Kingston, Jamaica. Not otherwise the ptioeely 
name of tlie BilUnga hat come to he bo ridiculoiu) that it serves hs the 
cheap ndveriiaRment of a third-mtit Amorican wit ; wbilo its only other 
c»muu»uoratiou i» to be found in the doubtful oloqoentt of oar Loskdoa 

Finally, we may ftl&noe for a momunt al the Tnriona gnat perBMUgn 
who have made th« nune of William illtntrioun or infninotix, eadi after 
his Idiid. Btwidtw our four Engliidi kinga, witli their Sco(«li and Ci«nnan 
iiaiiwliiii. Willittiu pivi^ajtei uh witli a goodly roll of misoolUneooa 
•debritiox not iafi>rior to tbut of -John. First on the Uat comes Shake- 
i^ieorc, who is uiuuilly deecrilied in the style i>ecaUar to newspaper leaden 
as " the divine WtlUoma." Of leeaer poels, one migltt mention Dnoa- 
mond of UawthorndttD, Darenant, Ckillins, Pnlooner, Wycherlpy, Sbm* 
fitonp, SomBrvillc, tuid Wordsworth. Sir William llmnilton vonchiUi for 
ita j^loaophic r«pnt«tion ; wbilo Willinm Htt plno^ it in tlic first rank 
of statonnaiwhlp. Wilberforoe guaraut«ea itx jJiilanthropy, Ilwiwhel ita 
BdoDCo; Julm Wycliff \a balanced by William Tindol; and John Baliol 
grows pftiff Ixifore tliB fame of William Wallace. John Uampdm 
8UfgeKt« Wiliinm Laud ; and ov'on Jnclc o' Lantern c&ncols out with 
Will o' the Wisp. As for William of Malmesbury and WiUiam «f 
Wykeham, thtiir Inptixmal designatiooH stand niono, witJkmt tlw ads'W- 
titions support of a nuniame. Deaoendinx ^ onr own day, tt might la- 
to1t» us in pc^itical discussion if wo inet&nced the caae of Williaai 
Qladgtooe; but all parties and dimes nliko will do homage to 
memoty of William Makopooce Thackcriky. t trust, tborHbic, tint 
the living Tepreeentativmt of so favoured a name, will now £mI satfafied 
with tlie jusUctt whlt-h I lia^*e endvaruured to dtnJ out ki William. 





Tta» htoUny of Bonn& yet rvmuns to bo Trritt*n, and th« imitwiaLt are 
■o acutlTKDil oonflictiog thub the Uslc would not 1m i»nl^ achieved. 
Vwrioa* ofarooKda wv Htill iu (vut«t)C* ; but tLc<w arc morcly moiia«tary 
or palMA raconbs deidinf; oxeluiuTcly wiUi clio orij^n, growth, ujid 
dectint) of BOtne npocinl dj-nnatjr or dagnW The nrlioit annals ilcacribo 
hov Uw Snb Burmcgo kiiigdoai wtm Toandod bj lodinn vnugmntA from 
tba w«t. Tbf) VAlli^y nf the Upper Irnwadl wng tlion inluUiitod bjr a 
■tanfaerof pc*^7 trihen with (wrcniy n iJintd of order, rinlisatiun, or 
ftvtbovitjr UBOQg them. Th<< ad\-«nt of an Indiiui prinoe tcith his litUo 
land of reftigao) may liave been the sole oondition requuvd Tor oobereooo 
oiguuaKttDn. Tbo teporato tribes bocomo s nation, th« ecparnte 
m kingdoRi, a ilyaady in mbibliHhud, and history oomm(>n«cs forth- 
wf ill. Tfae rulen would bitnxltux', aa far ax pomibJe, tlioir own Ungiiagi^ 
oaigMk and religion, Tbnr k»i» and atics would bmvt> soooroas Indian 
tillw ; lh«y would import aatrologera, aa^, and na miiny roprwontatives 
of theb- iMtivR funUieon aa their subjectacnred to enterialu. A htiodrod 
ytmn or kv and tboie wonid r«main, ae in at present tho case in Barms, 
theaal* tartimonyio thoforngn extnirtion of theo&rly Irawndi monai'tiia 
who gmdoolly osmbuml the wild tribes of ita upper readies into ono 
iMMfUfffirrnm p«oplo, vith n ten^tory pxt4^dtng fi-om Xathi to Prnuo, 
fkvni YA to YflmAtbmg. North aod «n«t of tbaao boiindnrieH lay tho 
Bhaa vtktm, ihea powerful nod indepondait. imd dong tfau delta and 
iM-vowt wore tho " Three PIiukh " of tbo Titlaiii^ Bnyond ocrjisionnl 
rulatJana witb CliItMOod Monipdr, with ^m and tl« higlilmid tribu- 
IftHea, the whole Hubae^ucot pcuiusulai- biatoi-y presents a confused 
cknoids of iooetuat strifo betweoo tbese thzes chief races, who atiti^lml 
far waptmmuy aa Siam, KKinbon,Ritd Aniaun oontended in tho nonthem 
rtgion. Karb had ita perJod of triumph and dlnjttor, bat the Shuns 
watc ths Snt to tnoeamb. Th« Htmgglo bstWMm tbo BunuMo and the 
TbLud^ waa only I'niled by the latter poadag within our peaceful rule 
JnM a enntuiy befora thin event, the founder of tbo pnwtnt Aran* 
iynsaty cnmm m eaJ his remarkable career. Tlie cottiitry hud for toii 
jNHM been subject to Pegu, the ancient Uao of nonarchs 'n-iw extinct, 
and loathaRi predomiiuuioe seemed finoJly aaniTed. Bat tbo higfaw 
XnrwaiU taacCa, wbidh had iic%*er been cotnptetdjtubdaed. woro the home 

* Aia b the nuM of a roetnt eapilal ; but h tmj bo ccnTpniriiil; nnplojTd, aa It 
' b I9 tha Sbaaa oail Mbata, to denoU JailepnidMl Banna a» lUatisgaUhed frm our 


of thoatatulfl wlio Uv^ hy rapiiit> nnd diaorder, utd the toMtwa of an 
obaotire rillagn- in onu of these northern (listrictN «onn nttnuitad a 
soineKKis fnllowinj^. IIu Mpturo of the rirer fortrott at Singfi was llu 
■igiud £>r uniTonod relwltion ; the T&lun^ wera driven aeroM tha 
border, aai Aung Z^ya, the ttnineasful bnndit, faecune Ala^ng phavi. aa 
amlfrjFo Budilh. Pour yean later lin ocnigtiwod PD|;;n, Aonox«d t^ 
TeouBcrim proviocGH, and led \n expivIiUoQ into the hntrt of Hiiun. In 
17S!>, wbilu in tb« full tido of triumph, lie receiveil his first impnMUun 
of our wnutryuea vhicb luu novor beeu tboroujjhly eSJuxx! Erom the 
minds of hia nucomwn. A mioion orrtrcd £rom tbo Comfony'B fiictory 
ftt NegTkis, which bAd boon cetublishod a year or two boforc, offering 
tbair humble ooDgrmtnlationti to the oooqnonn- and eaisUiiee oguosl his 
eoeuiiea, Akuiig phayA livughed at tfao idea of their lielp being vantod, 
but granted them the Uland of Negnu.4 in return for tbe {u-omito of nn 
nnnim) tributi* cowiisting of ordnance and railitniy gtore*. Two yeara 
later, baring strong gronadB (or euspcctinf his now eubjeots of complicity 
wiUi a Talain; tmntrrectiun, be caiiood the whole aettl^mcnt, incliiding 
nearly tliirty Kiifrlnhmcn, to be rutblestly massacred and denpotled, and 
impriaonod all Europoana liriag ebewlierv within bis dominioae. 

This outmgo eould hardly be overlooked ; oud in 1 760 an eavoy, with 
the ustuJ pmycm iiitil preeenta, was despatched jointly by thn govBrn- 
ments of Cidcutto. and Modtaa. Paring tiir«v whole ntoutlui he wai 
treated with the grenteet indignity, bis effecte ware plundeixKl, and bt* 
humble lepreeentatiooa deridod. However, the eurviviDg prisouen were 
oontemptaously released, with a wamiof; nerer to reappoor in tltt 
country. The Company appear to have regutled tliiit result og «atis> 
faotui^, anri no further ncgodiitiouK woro attoinpt«<l. Within the next 
thirty years, thu deHuautbuits of Abiuuj; pliayii had r«)Hlled a formidable 
Chinese iorasicn, bod mbdued Araloui iinil tbo Shan ststeFi, and eon- 
Bolidatcd their rule tbtougboat the conutry. From their western ont- 
posta they were threiUenin^ Bengal ; aiid,duringoarowntiiftctiou, Ftvaoh 
iufluvuco wtts font bcroming formidable. Shortly after their contioest of 
Amkan, a Bunueee army, without any &otie«^ eteieed our frontier in 
puisuit of fugitLveo, whilst a force of 20,000 men aasembled in the nnr 
to support tliH inraman. }4d t-fTt'ctivo uppotulion won aStempied, the 
i«fug;eea wcro quietly surrciidorod, and the goTomor-gooerel thought this 
oceasioD a suitable one for a fVeeh embei^ to Ava, which was of couna 
teglBi'ded ftd an act of apology aad vubmiasiou. Tlie eikvoy. Colonel 
Bymes, nllowed liimaelf to 1>e designated and treated ax tlie repreeootative 
of a tributary power. IIu thus obtained an order from ttie king apeoi- 
fying atul r^^^ulating eommercial imposU and sancUoiiiug Uic cstaldtah- 
ment of an Eogltsb voiuut at ItangcXHi. On an officer being a^vpoinbad, 
however, ho wns at once Btioiinotml (o thu capital, and tliere, acxnrding 
to Colonel Yulc'a account, which ii based on o&iciBl reoonU, "he 
temaioed during nine vcary mouths bearing witJi atugnlar patience 
every Idod of cootumoly and impoeition, tlkc huttory of which it is ^tdto 



p«laAU to noH," Th« OoIcuitA ;(p>r«nun«>nt w«re of opmion that tint 
eondiMt of the Avun court most h&vB itidicxtMl pecwHuU tUnatisfiwdon 
Willi Ibcir lUMiuom. Thffjr ircalled bim ttooordiogly, ooil mildly oSurotl 
to*.] ' I u-ithM*. Jio nt1<mlioTi vfw p\i*l to this ovottnre. 

iiul 1Sl)3 twu rtiitlii-i' inis<do[u< wvrv (]i«]i>X«]int from Cal* 
cuiu. Both verc total failtutiis Bad Una Icvuleni wore, u» usual, noglcctcd 
uwl inciiltad. A fliTtb«r envoy was wnt in 181 1 to oflicr nn McpluuttjoQ 
OD tlw Kibj6ct of tlu> ruclfi on nnrmene txrritory, bumIo by AriLkaiiuo 
b^tiw willuD oar froottor. During liis kU; si Kau^-oun liu viailurcd 
to pro i B t a^nKt A fffyaa ^iulaliou ^f our own territory, ivluDh had just 
\mm eanuxotied by Bartncae trooper and murowly eac&pal vitli bis life 

Dwiog the next (toeodn tJta povrer and pretenBions of the Avon 
goWBBMRt had raubed a dtmax. They had conqoered Amam and 
Maoiptr, b*d tald futmal cIahu to Cliittagong, Munhidibftd, and 
Ktikka, and wen manociAg our eiMtttm frontim- at edthfr extmiuity. All 
eDOtaniponry acnuunts docriba the Bonnuw as eager for war. For 
tbtitf jaaia tbny Itml l>oen srar victorious, nnd vtm ranfidont of huccmr 
■^falM the whtW " Ixu-tMi-Lirui" they bad ao long uiiiultcd and defied, 
TiaaJXj Uicy Ibrcod a. lupture by attadung a British outpost> and 
liovklating that, if tliii lurt wwo not quietly gulnnitted (a, it wwiM be 
AiDownl uii by tlM arfzunt of DilIcVjl mixl M imbitUliiid. One but over* 
tun WM r-vtiu Ihuu made by the Iiidmii govorumeat, but without efl^ct, 
■Bd itm •wmr of lt>24 vm dodanKl. 

"Dm dodgD, Uifl oomlart, iind the i-multa of the Unit, ounpoign ware 
eqnaily (eeblo and inefieetivo. Conunidaariat and sanitary anangeoueota 
w« aauidaloiiBly iiuiilt<qimtc, luid tbe mortality was somethmg tcrriMo. 
Oartnio|M ariivod iu ICatij^ou on May 0, at tJio coninuiiix-iiMMit of the 
imittf, and no advanco vm made lovards Ava till F«bruary 1&, j(i8t tbo 
ffitmntrnf*"*"* of tfae uext< liot weatlitir. Aft«r tbu captiu-e of Doiiapbyfi 
■ad tkednalJi of llauduU on April 1, there could be no cfFL'ctivu oppo- 
iiSioD to our pmjrivW' VM tfw Iwiginning of Xovi^mbor, 1 8iJ5, fotmd tbo 
bitadi form gtill not half vay to ttie capifad. NotwithAtaudiiig the 
apmi ayaipatliy and aasirtoiioc of tbe inhabitants, wo bid token more 
than a }-au- to obtain powwaBJan of a territoiy which the Bormeea had 
flOD^etely mbdned in three months. Naturally this ioactiv-ity on our 
[Mit w«a uetibAd to incapacity or fear, oar £te(}ti«at and foolish ov«-tiircs 
br paao* ■wan «taulfn«tly nijactcd, and ttish levioa oontimwlly onroUad. 
It mM Doly a tevolt at tbe capttol which lod to ncgotiationa lieing oom- 
nMnrnl. And a trMty wm finally concluded by which we abandotwd t^e 
TUaiogv to thrir metcileaa tyrauta, and obtained AraJcan and tie 
TkBaaanin firovinocs. Doth of tliera wore recent oonqiMBta of the Hur- 
tatmm, and tJw ln>Han goramauvit foond them so de^'«ctllted nnd unpro- 
doDtiTa thht tbey would gUdly have nwtoiTil thi»n bad thuro hceo 
■wfBliwit axGUM. Till-- Bamitav tliux tost nvthiog by tlto war but two 
.IwiiMMwiiiii and umIoh iaptaiaaam. Xbor own territory renuuuMd 



intact, their pnetige very slightly impaired, uid tbete ia no groea 
inaceniaoy in the following doKriiilioQ of the eBtD[iaign given in the 
national chromole : — 

IdAo jntr 1187 (QnnuM «n) tbs iaUUtoDte of th«"TliTM PIikm" oT' 
TklalDfs, ftnd tlo vtilu "tArtwriMM' rtwdtng in IIukooii. Mag proued by taoffr 
KBd iliiiMii*. wcnnd'^ ih* rinr to ptlilion ilia Ijjri oC ita Oold«a IUam. On Ib^ir 
•rriml ot VnitiUUi tnaii«j mw KmeioiHljr MAt to r«licr* ikeirdutTUi, •nd thcj tr«r« 
dinuncd vtth pcvBiMMii w dwell tad trad* at lIuexMButrof tbaioyBldoaaioioBa. 

IRie aovantfa article' of tlti? trcnty proridcil that » commercial cofpig*- 
in«d3t Bhould bo pnt(<r«il into bctveon thtt two CMUiitrim, Am) tlMt a 
British re<i<Ivni Blionld lie pmniuiRntly toratnl at tlio cniirt of Ava. 
Boron moutba after the «n(| of the war on «iivo)* urKvcd, and fonud tb» 
old officio] arro^noe very littlo abated. He foiled to negotiot* on; 
FervioTAhle treaty, ond in accontonro with hi^ odvico no ftttji>tnj»t wtw 
mode till 1)^30 to statidn any pcmunrat ftji^Rt. Colonel Barney, xih^ 
vu then appoint«d, muilml m Aia till 1837, wh<m the inmlu and Utr- 
baroiu Bxcetttcn of Thorawodi oonstrainiKl his dcpartui-c. The now king 
■poho liat>itiia11y En {tiihlic with oontcmtit of thi> RritiRh Govmnueot, 
and c1i«:1.-i>me<l all fi'h1i)!;ntiou to obnen'o iho trcatios uinih'. by the broUtn* 
hfi hod dcpijacd. A now envoy, who vm mnt in 1836, endond for a 
wholn yoar penistont disoourtCKy and neglect, and tb*!n had to leave tliv 
ctpitAl from illnres occnnoned by inimfiicicncy of food and accommo- 
d^on. Xo trtvh appointmrnt vas mode, yet the mod king JKOt toon 
VJol<&t and meiincing. It won in tho rci^ of hia Ruccnctor, th« Pagin 
prinoe — the most brtital, im^ajMibl?, and dcHniichcd of all tb« A In Tin j 
phayi stock, who bnd wndad to the throiw throngh a hohx&iuk of 
olaughtcr — that our |KiLie>ire again got oxiiaasted and onuther war oom* 
tnvDccd. Tho iinniMlTatA caum of stnfe won tho refuoal of all reparaboit 
to tho jnoKtixof a BritiiJi ship, who luwl bemi ]>! uiid(>red, inaultad, ond 
imprieonor) by tho gnvnrtinr of Rangoon. With much blundnring and 
delay oar tT«opR, aftor a cnmjiaign of twolvo months, fonnd th«Ricelvfa 
in rA'pomeaaion of the coTintry wc had abandoned in 11526, bendM tlw 
vallity of the SiltauDj;. Ttio fooling at homo against the war wait bo 
strong, that, hnd any ovtrrtnrm beon intule in time, OovBmmcnl wns fblly 
prepared again to o-aciinte their conqiKntn, recaining only ^Inrtahan and 
the Kegrua and Diamond Islands. But the Burmeco rcfiisod to trwt, 
or in any vay oekoowledge th«ir d«fent, and Ijr>rd Dalhousio'a groat 
proolamaUon or 18R2 freetl tho TnluJnjn) for over from ihetr ^nuita, 

He Pogin prinoe wiia tlin koo of Thnntwndi by hia chief qMen. In 
1655 be was depoanl by a half Tirothcr, the Mf>ngdon priDceT ham to 
^numwodi's eighth consort. His rutnv was niitrniMl to the oaatper, and 
bis own wntchod life upored at her entr(«tii>s. He in alive to tbia day, 
baving nlwav! ithown Cir otoro iat^roitt in a cock>6ght titan a kingdom. 
I ahoiUd remark that in Botma nil di^oltAriM and offictahi of rook Lava 
territorial titles dsrived &om the town or district the twvoniiea of which 
they e^joy. A nooaroh, after his aooeosioi)) tn only spoken of aa " the 

ssolanh akd ava. 


ktag of jtuliee'* or "^loiy," und all predecceaorn arc rrfRirod to as 
In whtioM. Tbe «ldoat son of Aknng phoj-a wiui tha I'ahaf eng 
H» wt» SQOoeaded bjr hu tvo younger brotJieni in turn, and to tbu day 
ha s knowra w IfauagdAgyi pb&jahi " tho royal elder brother." Tito 
Hilatitig priatm, wbo died in 1819, wu suooeedod by his two gnuubooH, 
■ihI k[iprftnk in Bunnwo liiMory lu BhodAgyi pKiiyi, the " gran<lf^LUi4^r " 
kiaK. Tbo dtkr of bt> two enoecmffn, tbe Sn^ing prioce, hM been 
known duritig tho iajit two reigns im tbo " nndo king," both tho Pugiln 
•md Menjjdun priucca Inuii^' his ucpbows. 

Tb» Uto king wm jM^t nnddlo *ge when be geuned U)o throne ; he 
Ittd bam a bd of tJiirtu-a when the Si-rt war wjib conduced in the rwgn of 
Mm tmcks IbmI viUuMul tbu Kucocnful revolt of hja f&Lhur, and bad iictcd 
fae MX j-HUD ■■ mfgant to Kin lirothor whom in tuni Im hnd himxeir de- 
pond. Such ezpwUDOM fand mftdo 1dm pnideiit^ and tliere cno be no 
doabt that bo mora or Jcaa reoogiUMd his true poiatjon. Cut off from the 
■as, kia eoantiy iraa nu longer farmidablo as a political power; deprived 
of Htm fitdmiw and rios plains al the delta, it was pntctically dcpondcot 
far ita food on ita powor^ ndghhoar. Centui-io* oT tttrifo and tymnny 
kad turtivd a fiertile and jHipulouf) Und into \vildeme(«i and ruiiiK. Siio* 
eenfalK&rWcwaa the only thing that could have reconciled the Bunucuo 

10 tfaa tmibin crtiel^ and opprcadoD of their kings, and tlio line of 
^^.H«^y phayi luiJ billierto Dcrrr failed in gratifying the naticxial pride 
villi ooutiniKitu triumph oQil plunder. In the English for tbe fii«t time in 
kkitarjr tkay bad been foived to reeogniso a master; they vera vowed and 
wauT, and the but war luul nmply oeawd benaiioe no freeh lovifla had 
bMa obtaioabla. The yant was irratriovable, aa tha king wax quite 
awani ; lot aote oair^ nrcar<linf;Iy. tiltuuld bo to provide for the immeiliate 
ftitvi^ ^umwita tnux^h of tiuael nnA ti^dition to Kupport the tolieriiig 
■iiaiairiiy duHQ^ hia own time, and he novtr nflVictcd to look beyond. He 
haa ham dcMi-ibol aa rlemeiit and nnlighleiied. Ho vriia not n rabid 
batcher, liko hie &th<n-, bis unrle, his brother, and hia son, kiliin); from 
th* rimple Inat of blood ; yet bin vengeance waH non« the leaK implacable 
MidMirB. Ilia floligbtenmimt was tbe morvKb liirqucr. He idootified 
lililkiltiin with inocbiiMry and money, and wai, if not odTerso, at ieoat 
In JiftiBu t to iti lem ooncrete aocompanimetitfl. During tbo bitter part 
of kis rogn he eii«outaged oeedy foreigners at bis eourtf and, if they 

1 1 iin«it and cajotM eao^gb, his pursp-HtringR were oover tied. Tliuy mp- 
pliad hbn with milbt ood Bteaioer!!, and fonndiien which be paid for 
kviably. bat Monml to atiliait. Ho kept Europeane idle in his pay and 
■ackinaiy idle on bia premiint, and ba dioved io that way h'w niotciDpt 
fcr balb. Tbe one aim of hk life— tlie one essential uT hut Bci&fh and 
igmbU policy — wa^ thu tnaintenaAoe of bLi own prestige. He dreaded 

Qoe and tnAueooc, and aUemptcd a ayirtua of exclnidoD to prevent 
LtteoBa,af diiipAnmiemeDC toneatnUiM the other. For nlite vboU yeoa 
tlkar hia aoeaaaon he aaoonded in keejiia^ oa aloof. Even when a com- 
, fa a a t y waa oagotuted in 1863 it prored of no practical use, and 

n— * 




thn Utort ons, coDolodoJ in 1867, hu tnea baUtiuIly cxmitnraDad. 
IteyotKl tbe rogioii B4Jo"ii°S ■ ^^ nuun routw -vo have as tittle ■atentiflo 
koovMg* of th9 int<>n<>r of Biinim as of Ceutrnl Afrion. 

Ho Iras too ahrcwtl to show uajrorert opporitioQ to Uio Wectern 
China cspcditioiw of I8S7 iui(I L876, bat bo louk aSeettHl proaantKUB 
that ndiLiier ahoold be tiii[we!»fiU. In tlio iiltcnutini oxpedienb be was 
taore rmtaroBone, and lii8 triumplLt vrr? mom proaunent aiul imponsg. 
Any alijcht or nflront to th9 English obriotMly serwd two mia : IC gmti- 
Aod the kind's owti rvt^ntment find inupicion, -wbito it cffiiotaally pvOTsd 
to his snljoctii that ho was not bamporftd or ofrud. In tti64 two Engflixh 
offioer«,diBpatcbodby ourGovammenttofxploTeUieSalwoa nrer, won 
MTCitat a few mi]M aerom tlin frontier, and oompdlad to joorney u;i to 
MaodaUj witliuut gutdaa or aanBtnnoc. Tbe ooly rcaaon given for tliis 
ontmgti was that thoj- woiv caoTOjinff Afodi Um oonuniBaioaDr of Teou- 
snrim Icrttem of introduction to rarions Bban cbli&i, tribotaricB of Ava, 
-Uirouj^h whose tomtoriee tliey vrouM lmvi> to pam. Ilio hvtten were no 
doubt fooU&hly oxpnsmd, but Bcaroal^ jusrtiSed tmdb n^^rfMsioD. Bow- 
errer, no apology or n^ration lias erer be«n nade. Kiniihu-ly tha Idsg 
at«A(Uly Mfowd to modiQr bj onn iota in fuTonr of our aubiMmdorB the 
homiliatiiig court oerpmoninl which Us parwatH anomtom bad olalnraleiL 
Ervn Ht IbiH moiHont the BritiHli n^imentatiro, if lia rotera tbe paUw, 
wonkl )« fbroed to n>moTe hia boots and ivjoat on tlw floor undialin^niab- 
ablo ftrom the nnwnwit supplicant. Tlra untrained " politicals "* who wwre 
fint aocreditod by our OowmniCDt etdfeird tb«iuselvoH to Im> hnhiinally 
dended and OTamodied, aad tho king iilways addrcaHcd Lh<>ni in a atyh 
howonld not hH%'e usml to tho lowest nmoiif; biii own officials. In |H67an 
officer and V.O. attached to Colonrl Tytehe'i mieeioo, while in utteoiknre 
in full uniform the day of itn reception at ibe palao*, wiw irtradc hf a 
lictor n-ith a luamboo for not moving out of tlic way of an inferinr nrJnra 
whom he had not even noticed. By wny of rrdt<<ac a casual pouaai, 
who declared he wna not tbe real oS^der, waa Hent for puniahotttt, 
which, of coan», wax not infli«t«d. Any fui-ther remonstmnoe tnigfat 
haVD int«Trferod with tUn notnhlo treaty whieh was thm on tbo fapu, 
•o tbo affair wntt atlownl ijuietly to drop. Bi-itudi Knbjtvte am even now 
«xpoci«d to go on their knees in tbo tctrect hcSorv all hi);;b cffidala, and 
not a fow inxttnces havB ooonrred of Eoropeau and Ktimiiatu boiM 
beaten and othcrvriito ioniltod for having refwwd compluuKv. Tlie IcingVi 
Dmbaases to Fmn<.v, Italy, and other Weetern UtaU* were partly a de- 
fiance and partly an absord attempt to ^uin a footing in Wi<Kteni pftlftif. 
Official ignomnco in Upper Bnnna is «. denatf, so bigoted, nnd ao wif' 
potuplnnnit tb:tl ovun a euan» o( foinrifrii tiiivi<l fitils to make any pcr- 
nuuiniit iroprwaaoii. Tbo «.-nToya din»inl timir Kiirojx'sin c»iice|)tiaD> im 
omily aa th^y d.> tlvn roatuine, and, aftor vjniting Ijondon, I^ris, and 
Botne, return tu MaixUbty to wwevamte that tlio king in tlw aKMt 
pmrofolt hi-« palace Uiu uoifl Unotifnl, and hi« coontry tbe larvcKt and 
■oat pt^nilotM in ibo world. Thi» La no tttotv quMtlOD betwoen Pe«hl« 

uwl Pwii, bcbreco uiiccm5(,niintAJkdocmTcationaIum, between amoaBnihy 
ui J aituiMapAlitie*- 1 1 U nttb^r the \tUnA preforcnco of docay to pro^'aM, 
of mngHj to eivi l i m tioo, of Aont-eliy to mitlHirilf . Tlw Ute uuuuudi 
vMi n iwBiiied of tbe sufomi of alt hia tcheoKft, his mode UeHtieM. luid 
diploBUie inam|^ thnt bo BeriouBly propoanl sending one of bis tninu- 
lo arhitntt) Wtween Runoa luid Turke}' in tlio Iiitu wu-. Like 
r Oricnt«iB ho nf{»nloJ datociaft lu a mixture of bluster, uisiilt> and 
, uhI liis molliod, ibtrngh i^ujwriiitivcly ctmno «iid clnDuy, wu at 
.•Actual Hu far M -wu were coiicenie)!. TL« latest oam iu point is a 
tbsrai^iljr typical owt, Tow&rJs tiie cloae of Apiil, 1878, 3Lr. J. J. 
Cbopar, tb« Itritisb agimt at lining was murderad, with two ntteodaniM, 
by ODft of UkO natii-o guard. Tbv aimioul wna arrested iwd matle over 
IQ the Boinieao autburities. Bo atUnnpU'd uoitbvr iloni»l nor jostifiefr- 
tioo. Had in tliat wild aiul LivltoDi region il waa eapuoially needful that 
Um mardvr of an EagliHhiuuo and ao ofiiciiJ nhould mcvt ou tbo spot with 
■wift and signal puuubmant. NotuiUuttandLng our tnoioiwLranccs and 
iBritwtiona, (he man was kept for two wholo monthfl in. BunS witboat 
HijtlUBg being dcme to lam. Ke vfas th«n brought down to JUandalaj, 
wbt>B tlk! miutat^rtt anuouon-d witb Hpluudid mendacity that it was coo- 
traty U> tlic custom of their rolur to allow haiDaa life tu bo taken wilhiji 
Lia Joiutuon*. At tlut vwy time Uie bunks of tho Irawadi were studded 
wilik the corpWH (rf f!ruati«d d»cuit«, and a week had Karoaly elapHod 
vban a vivtcb, for Home triviiU o£i«DOt^ wtui b(at«u Ur death witbia cho 
citjr. N«v«iltela« this pmtozt waa Meepted, and the mnrdoTAr Itad to 
ba eoovejTMl iu»TWii (he fi-outicr bofora bo oould receive hia dc»Brt«i, 000 
Buka from the mWui of bit crlaio and fiv* uontb« aft«r it« oocurronoe. 

"Die puliof of our GoTemmeot tluviighoat whm paltt^, bat no doubt 
intaUi^lilQ. Thcfboliob outci? whiobhadfirrfieteiluaraaucnition of Pegu 
■id ike reaction which fullowed liord DalbousiB's 6treiiuoU8 r^ViH«, tudocod 
a i^wtno (if cuutiou winch was partly tpiuniQcu, pai-tly indifferenoe^ and 
|vdy liuiiility. Tlio now pioriuou wu diBtinct jxoui the rostof India in 
lai^VfP, T*ce^ and iiucial eoODOm)' ; it bnd Iwen loll for the most part in 
tb« haivla of tbn military offioers who IumI bcrl|i.>d tu win It ; it was thriv- 
'wg and omleutixU u>d, provided Uppci- Bunuah ga%'o no bother, the 
FwiffQ Olliue «^^ ijuil') wilting that the Itangooii govommiBut ahouM 
taakw ita own fniiitit-r amuigiunonta. Tho latter naturally n^garded 
Avao aflain froia a pnrcly local vtandpotnt. Any dietorbanoo up there 
wooM W fulluKvd by au iucreaae of crinte, a ducrease of revonne and 
^mSo. and p^uoral iaa t iiit«a l dtiterioration brkiw. The king waa barolj 
ablftf^^int [•ro^-nltiK'tiutrol bin Mtmgglin^ iRiiMivoriKliodjanddiauBecMd 
rountrj. He hm] n^uiuwly <^n»|)oi] in ib<r n-U-llion uf 18l)t> when bis 
UaUaw and miiliWs yntv butcheitd before hia t;ya ; tho Hhaas were 
utimlj and drfu>nt, llio Scachyima u]Haily hostile, and bis own childnm a 
KNiroe of oooatout alarm. Mliy iiu|iuii: bha utrei^th uiul iuflucnco which 
w«n bviog au Mxoly tried I wby j-r^snpitato the evil time so swiftly and 
nmdy apitfuoehing I Cooiplucl and eclf-asaertion ifhoold be rMerved 



till tba ond of Um rcifcn, vhen rnme nctioa on onr part wu InoviteUflh 
Mcutiino n»Btcr1y ianctivity uuUoaUedl; coQ8bt«d in «ur readent re- 
nutning a riphor And ii jt%t. To n. c&ntiotn OoTerninent micb argaments 
appMued unanswersblo. It wab trms tliat tbe dnith of th« king, ativad^ 
old uid d«eropit, wonld in aII probftbili^ b« followed hy ui outhrMk in 
the npttal, wh«i the livm nad prot«rty of " tmrtwHaiut" would \» in 
oonsidcntblo peri). It vtrr tmo thnt our n^recfentativc hod not » ptud 
to protect Iiiiii, M»\ not % chftncn of wcnpe if BfHiilMl. If tho womt oim« 
to tho wont WD itliould liavfi an unansireisblG ca«u« fteUi, providvd 
nlwftys tli4t troopA -wei-o ATaUAl>la and tbd occasioa in oth«r nwpoeta con- 
Ti>nit>nt. SitaultAnponB Irtmblo in Africa nnd Afghniustan could not of 
courw be prcfim-mised. So maKtrB drifted on, the kins'e c>-mm] ejto- 
tutni b«aiig coDflpicuous to the ond. He comm^ncM his mgn with thm 
wiuiton freak of building a new tmpital on nn onhefttthy nnd inoommo- 
dlon* site. About foui' miles north of thn old dty, and forcibly tiwuifcninf; 
Allth« mhAbititntA. Be closed it with thfvfonndAtjon of a pAgodft destined 
to be the largest in tho world. When lie died, it had been for neu-I; 
two ye».n in constmction at nn incredible pccuniAry cost, notwtthiibmd- 
jnf; thn immAnso ontuunt of forrcd Iftboiir enplojod. Gonraon And 
tribiilKr}' chji'fi M'cro cftUed in from distant HtAtiom ui kMiAt, thenational 
rcrcnace murt^Aged, and tlio vrltoI« ndiumuiUntion of the oouutrr intcr- 
nipt«d for tho fttHhenmcD of thiti insane dndgn. Spite of all tlUB, Bcaroely 
the hnainnent has been completed, and for ycnnt tliin unsightly fragment will 
crumble into niin, lit emblem of the selfish niTOi^ance and incompeience 
of ltd founder and hU lina Afbei' tho miird«T of tho regent, his brother, 
in 18fi6, the king had oljHtinately refused to velvet or moaiirago any of the 
aatneroni axpiranbc te tho aueoeotion. Such a Atop would probahlj sMum 
tbe tranfiiid continiiAnco of the kingilom : but the jmloa^ it provoked 
mi^ht cti.i»n him perMmal iliaromfort iind Annoyance, which he wa9 deter- 
mined At aU hnxardatoairoid. His chief queen, a dAUghtor of the "royal 
ancle," coooun^ed him in tliis ivolve. Blie had no aon ; bnt the hand 
of her el<lwt datighter might determine the future king, and her own groai 
rank and jwwer gm-w hor more or less romnumd of the aituntion. Toj. 
mediate prwautions were ttaMirwlly needful ; bat she sdpnlatnl with the 
minister)) that, if an hfir Appawnt were nominated, she should hereelf, 
after tho deatli of the king, lie appointed r[ueen regent. Meantime, the 
old monnrch'ti health wne daily heooming moro feeble, aikd it became 
miuiif«it it WAS time to act. The prinoea wero nil summoned to tbe 
palace in the king's name, a lad of nineteen wiw ulecteil And procl^med 
bcir nppArent, and tho i-eet impriaoned with oil thmr depcndontA. Two 
of them, however, contrived to CBcape to Bntiah prot«ctioo which our 
resident had tho unlH'«rd-of tcniLn-ity to afford them during thrro months 
of intrigno and intimidation. Mandolay for tiie fint time got 
glimmering of " barbarian " might. 

1^0 doceaae of Mengdon Meng was announced on October 
about a fortaigbt after thete evaat«. Tbo ministers bad now any hitffp- 




tioa at kbiding by time cOTenant witb tbo qiiMn. Ttio prince they luid 
cbuMffl hjul uu )«rty , bo wot young, docile, and ioexpenonood ; und, bo 
long M thry k«pt him under oontrol, they a«ed ba «&ud of no oppodtioa. 
Bi* •oaauoD to tbw throne wiw ootifivd xt dii«% und they comm^noMl a 
large prqJMt of raTorm. Tho Iturmcio govvmmeut under the present 
dyoMty luui bMU a nMBu-kiUilQ iiuiUnoa of direct pentoitJtl iloiuinnncj, 
ahaolntB^ m ^gnmiro, and int^ow. In tlie e&rlier Ataii aud Tatiung 
tktttoiclm, then t» &«qu«ot xnentiou oT nobles and gnndeea wiUi horodi- 
taiy chargCB nod di-wtinctioiui, and I'igbw und privilegGS more or 1cm ptti- 
Kri|iliT«i Pncticaily, each wiu EUpreme in the town or province he 
toolrollBd, aobjwkto the duty cf supplying his nu»nun with tn>op» or 
Hmmu* 6r th« oevemmding w;ir. When the Biirmuso Turolted agaiiut 
IUmih cip [i ra« i OD ia 17&I. tha titular urtntwrnry whh slmoKt quite ex- 
tinet. A T BP t uw ot— pcanot led them on to victory, and iru ablo to 
ioipaaa aa abaolotisni on their level maxMR which a century of thefoulovt 
mi i ^n nniinirtil luu lailod to ahake. He was careful to restore all ttw 
falB ftad &bno of the ancient monardiy, the " golden " palaoo and 
m rtimi oKg, the vUlwante {la^cantry and ceremonial, tlie tnulitlooal 
gfieon of the royal household, and cff stat«. But, oa a Jact, uono of Lbeee 
■ffyi—*— had any speoiftliG«d duty or command. Tliey were liable nt any 
BSBMnt to he murdered or dcpmdtti in a 6t of pa«OQ or mere caprice. 
EfvTtlung but the contral power wm cA«tial, thiftiDg, and precarious. 
"niars was no nobility but the king^s nominem ; no magiKtmcy or autho- 
rity hut the kinff'H rataioCTS. la all but tito smoUec nppointmenta no 
i%ht is recognised either hereditary or preMriptivQ, and th« enle and 
iaataliiUlity of office are among the most crying evils nf tliix evil rulo. 

TTin miniirttnr r'"gM to limit llie |>ower of the despot bydetfiningsod 
CP aflr iBi n g their own. A cabinet wna formed embracing all tha diiaf 
drO fimctionarisa of the kingdoQi. each boinK "> chat^ of a aspanta 
dspMrtmont All qDeatiooi of state wa** to be decided by a majori^ of 
volei^ said the Idng'a functioBS wnr» to be tlioss of a purcdy constitutjonal 
mooaicfa. with no power of initiative or executivo iutcrfcn-nce. The 
irnhf* w«« fkirly well oonttived, but it bad nevi>r a clmnce of suoooss. 
Tha aH^Jority of tlie onbinec were nlfiab, half-h«aTte(], and distrtistfiil ; 
ikm poUIa nsntnU and unintsUigioDt. Hie household troops bad not been 
OOCMJlkliil. and their oommatidets wore disaiLlUtivd wilJi the new onlir 
of tUngL The long wna a consUltttioaaJ monarch only so long bm ha 
wMacaf^iTs; and bo wssacaptiTe oolyso long a* be thot^^ht tborowas 
fetes or lasiisiin to natraia him, which tliere never had bc«>n in any ade- 
quala dmne. In four tnontlis' timn ho rcatiHHl thin, and proved oogentty 
his firaedom from control by seizing and confining the two modt influen- 
tial Man is iboeabinst. The oonatitntioa st once fell to pieces like a. 
padt of eards. 

Thta «mp tfitat was fMilo and efibetivo enough, but it DOoewitAt«d a 
8l^> bsyond. Thibn'-) poiution wns nt prtnent muet insecure. Dsyond 
aetaal poMssnon of the palaoo. which ho owed to tbo strategy of tiia 



coundl lie had jivit sabrsrtad, be bad no better title to Uia 'UtrariA •■ 
tJie iiisj(irit7 of faui broUiaiE iumI oonans who bod lieco bo opfiortii 
orreatctL Threu of than bul ouarly suceeednl in ^■"■p'^E vthile 
cabinet viut still niprcmci, (uid wblle its raomben bad eraytbinjf to 
bjr a cboai;^ Thv diijuc<>r vrim now iacruwRl n bondred^DkL ISw 
youiiK king's wife, tbufleaond daughter of tlip late cfaieT quMD, had wtn 
over the fMbkOS aoldiery for tbs time by ilintribiiCmg amoog tbcm wilb a 
lATMh band Ui« ^Id aiid jswvlkiy of wbioh aba bad robbed bat &An^» 
hoDMhold at biK dooeaae. But thair loj^ty abonld be utilin>d at onoo^ 
and the jwril mnoved ptompUy and for ever. 1 1 would be a miatuke to 
■appoas that tbc oMent massAn-i^i nt tho capitA] nsoltcd ia may aonM 
Cram a trannent imptilw of fury or fear, llie wbolnale nhinanca of 
poUtical rinJs is nit iotofi^ and iaTwriablo part of a royst inrtnllatico 
in At«. It is diilieuJt^ inditod, to boo what altomative eotild Im adopted. 
Tho late king found no opportunity on biti own aceonion, aa bis brotber 
bad been nratt completo iti hit precautjonii a fow yean before, fint be 
had been iv^iit binuolf at the Umo, and nust atloast bare aanctiooad 
nil tliB slaugbteir vbich then cwc t irred. The Imrrora cf tbo last tnu- 
ootaon woro tmacaal, and to a certain, degree uoavMdabIc On fiMmer 
ooenfliom tbo Ottooun method nf drowning in Racks had been adopted ; 
bnt tbc present capital ia built mora than a loilo inland, and a junrttey to 
tbo rivor wouki have been too duigeroas. The bntoded felons who bad 
bmneroploycd in tb(< butclieiy vera frenzied with liquor wlieu they oocn- 
mcninMl, and bloodabud pkra n freeh intoxication. Tb^ yrera rff*niafflt 
ratber than mapdorora. 

The part we played thnxighoiit wiut, of ooiuae, Inngnificant. In ipite 
at all procnontic the old Idag bad died, and n ncnr one had soccoMled 
-mthoQt oitr intrrfnrencfi heang in any vny eoliciUvl oi- our positioa in 
«ny vav impntvml. The protection afTordod by tlid Britinh mident tn 
the Nyaang-}iu) and Nyauoji-ok princes bnd miuk>, no donht« a lai;ge 
inprenion, but a «nf;Ie reaohite nee could hardly eraso Ike convietkni 
of a oMitnvy. The fnfntJveHnvarded tbf stfip nn a dftqwrate vcntuiv, 
but at leapt prpfcrahl^ to tho certnin fat« ^t-bicU would overwhi-lio their 
relationft. They fon-told fnmi tliv first thut uno would be otade a IHn^ 
and the rest oor|"'*^< ^^^^ ^*' prediction has tnmed out true to lihe letto". 
Tbo game 'wna too jMndkiiui for the ridor prince to pUy, tliougb it ia well 
known that li« had a better cbnnoe thnii uny other TOm|t4itor. " I 
■would ratbur ^x a merchant amoDS the Eu;;liHh," bo uxclitimcd, '^ tlum a 
mcoAKli in Upper Iterma.'* His \-ipwe liftvo pioliably Imwu moditiod 
ftnoe tlHTi, but )v^ amannOy will nL-V(_T err on thti sujn of OYnrMlanny. 
Ijnokinc IxK'k to llic evontti of tlio last f«w uioiitliit lliuir «c»ape api^aua 
luttuiindiiig. A maEnuT(< tu l>e ftrM^lual must be ooii)pv<-i)on<dvp, anil had 
the king tfarowu ulT liiit tnuumclK noonor be woulil (icobalily hmm 
hazarded a breach with our Gcrremnwut to jtet rid at one aweep of all 
bla riTHls. A> it van, the minist4-y cidnd him uvw Uitit dai^^or, ai^ i 
two refugoes were eafu iu Ouloutt» when all Uieir bapleaa Idiulted 



aaJe to pnidi. TIiato wns one evont which tanded as mnth m onytfaiog 
loraDder all wmoustnuicv on our pHrt uiutnuUn};. The ChIiuI ■mar, 
vtUi itaosk^ucBTatod p«ri]. waa cxcitiD^ the f;rvatait intfrrat at MandaUy* 
•ml Id^i^nuna rnnn Afrion Mid Aighaaistun woiv k»<in|f un^'rly pomsed. 
Kcm of tk« XMnmlnb dinM«r mims to hnve ooDvinci.'d tlic court of our 
|twi( Isootapi^cency for luition ; othcnrue Uio nddoa iind open 
rikagbBBr »liieh ioimodiatRlv foilowvd th« receipt of this intoUi^Jtcn 
wnold, prrliapii. luivn heeii tnoro ^cnulual aad concoaJod. Whoii uutiietitic 
tttUn^ airiTMl, utd tiie lesddeat titreatened to retire if tli« murdors ■mm 
eootintwd, Um minuteni vem qaite pf«[nred witlt a rapW. Tboir 
C B i mUj r VBH iDdvpendaDt, and tJicir rulor had an ladcfeasibto riglit to 
take whatever praoatrtions ita mite^ niglit ntjuirp; The prosBOBO ot a 
Brituh agnit waa, no doubt, in some dc^fn« a mcurity aod a aaaction ; 
but hb vitbdrawa] vroidd l«avo them mofo at Uheiiy, aiid thty had dons 
neilriBg vhieh coalil justify hortilitaea. 

Bndi, tiiPn, ia tho position at presaab, aod it may be prolon]^ Cor 
BoBtlU' Tlw worst liua bmn iniinin«iit so Iodj; that nay dbaogo or 
nrtain^ wonid Iring ndief, but tb«<re U no num for HOiipeMO and dla- 
i]aie(«ile to incnnaa In odo point oil officinls bave been in thonnigh 
Moord tlnou^uxit — namely, to fpvt* no |init«xt for our intOTforCDM. 
TUb*^ IntBedlattt cnUtluvmts may induce liiio to pivdpitnto n ruptJitx-, but 
it woaM ba rjuite inoonmatunt >«itb tbc coai-i fiolinF' up till now. lb 
fa no |«rtiua of my t««lE to Kpeculato on the fUturo. All Oriental 
gDrenunents bavu » lAudency to deelina Is it the better plan lo 
itead ooldly aloof till tlio docUne has bMome diaeam and dpray, and 
th* telar and femimt of thu slate bsa grown too fnol and irido 
Id raffipr in any fonn ibi contiuunnoe, or to nrreRt tlio diaarclf*r tn 
Htme by kindly wnmtnf; and matrol I In thia pitrt of tliv world at 
Imn Knf;Und faaa no »n»e (or mit'trpromeh. Slie cnme aft tho |iroteetOr 
of the tduTo. the a^■ti^'0, and tboopprtwcd ngainsb the conqunror and the 
tyrant. Slut baa imntfonnnl wattto, and strife, nnd sE^nftlnr into plenty 
ud cnnli'nt. To which Ktatc party at homo might this conduct he 
TTir'"**d to o^fxW, ami 16 it Witig or Tory who hare itlwayn hampvod 
mmI all— d I The true lorlinii policy with uativfi HtatM cad nerVr be 
•feat^mticui, whtdi BOtaier or latar loads to annexation. It in nLtliitr a 
l«Bilkio of prtefflt intluenoe and pot«Dtinl oontrol, with due carftUmt thu 
MW diMt not intftrfrre with fHendahip, the oth«- with limlthy itide- 
pawbnnr. Thn rioeroy hinuelf lia^ now a reprcTtmtnttre {at Mnnilnlny), 
wba ia quittt indflpendmt of the Bangooo authorities, and can iu« a 
btnader, frwr, anil llnuor ttniajt. Any new deixirttini miiRt at Imurt be 
■XI ini|wmmunil oti th« old i^^nnble and iadiflm'nt pdic-y which I bave 
Iwit^f doaBribod above. Tliero Lt uo otJiur court in tlto world whinr a 
British rppreNcntativc u practlaally reftnod admiflftioo. where be is 
Cn«ud at tiko aaiDw time as a priiMiar and a spy, and prevented from all 
MBmnaication wiUi Uis people around him. There is no other oountty 
Ib llw world wboi* firitiib ■ubjecta ant expoeed to Hucb iosnlt and 


EiRTMini jam ata. 

otntmction, wliero apraemfints aod ubli^tionB nre bo qrstanaLicall/ 
ignorud. Tho dvDJWty of AJnung pbajA flmiriahad for just n oonboiy 
(17SS-1853), a nvago dopotiam, tenpSMd hy dflfKxdtioii, [^v« out of 
its ten lieira have lx«ii dsthronei), ftni) thren of tiiem tnurdcrad by 
tirotber or Bon. From bbe founder dowiiwatYb there u not one of this 
Tile line who hns not boen guUtj^ of ttio vile«t (ntcemm of « CalipiU or 
Cetewayo, wbo Kaj not re[K-enwil even- Higii of proianmw, jNtUtical, in- 
dactrial, »ud iDtcUectual, and eDooura^od his 8ubj«ct)i U> trucutence tad 
Cfiai*. The fiunnaK>, in spitu of their f*(mbd ititelligMice, their eqoftl 
Inatltoiioiu, nnd edmirmUo creod, rcin&ia wholly iiupcrvioue to than 
modem InBuonco which educate tbo miu« and rcfinv and amplify Deeds. 
Under our own nila a Ktc|t hu Inviu made towaids mult reeoptiviL^, for 
the people nre fntrly prtwjxTuiia and are alloved to nccumulatc wealth. 
Taxation ia not tli« rapine, fjoverament the oppreMioo, and proti^otjon 
the faroe which tbey appear in an ATan district. Yet annexation would 
noi be wdootned. Our rlgimt is well eoou^h lulapted for people vboan 
liTM aril purely merlianic, without political Kotiment or poUttoal 
ambition. But the fionnMw hare an exa>« of both qiuiUties, and would 
prvFor an indifTurent nunuiroh and magistrate of thoir owa to tbo most 
imjteecabln oti-anj^r. The Avan prolilem is not altogether a n^w one, 
but we hare nerar had a faii-er chance of jierfect aolntion. A few yMn 
of <l«ii('t nad libontl rule would efleot atmoeias vast an improwmont ac 
thny have witbin our own proaperotM domain. Trade, now cruelly 
Rtified, would rerivo ; the Cbyendwen, Myit f(ah, and Irawadi be ooob 
■gaio theoowdmltboroii^hfitrca of villa^a tmffie; the Soldii and hamlets 
DOV dsMTted spring up ufrtsh ax the liauav and home of man ; the Hiuui 
and BcM)liye& hJ^^iinniJciy bocomo helpful ultitx iuittt-iid of naloootmU 
and foes. The great hiffh roadfi to l^hina would then at last bn fully 
open, aiid our merchants find a new and illimitable market. ThoIiavadL 
usd the terra iiicoynita around its soui-ces would th<>n at but be ex|)land, 
and vast regions ojwntNl nut to civilisatiun and ligbt. With an intalli- 
rgBDi Friend iuateod of lui i^onuib foe in the cuuntry between China and 
1 AiwfiHi bolwoen the 8han Btates and tlie Inwiuli, Indian Snanee may 
- BO longer seem a liopalMui enigma, and Kiglish commerce may umke 
vucb an advance as even to compensate for recent depreanQu and 

Maitt KdnuiUgH w w w rily aocratt to tlio pnblio from the «xiit«nce of 
• eOffMiltiu Uka Uie Ro^al AeauAemr. One clear benefit confnred by it 
■ limb et MttbliDg m to obtaio year b^ ^ear a ootnprohenaivo viev of the 
aaiKlttion of ibe most popuUr of the Fine Aria, and to estimate, after a 
mrvDv, tL« prorailuif temper, itbyi^ and bindcDcy of con> 
pninimg. The stndoot of litentaro is oflbrcd ao such 
faaUtim for forming a parallol jtidgment. Unkn his iudustry Iw titu- 
, anil bis patJratoe inexluuuUible, he oun (be) no oerteiuty that n 
' of books paUished daring tiie twelTemoDtb, important oitiier by 
. of tbeir intrinsio merit, or becann th«ir very defocts mn indicntive 
of ibm qiirit of tite timo, liavo not OBoaped his attentiuu. Even sliuuld 
ho b* tarUttMU) aooo^ to havo rand «very truly raiirecwntAtiire work of 
Um^^v, it is not easy torccnll luid colliitv ttiu imprt^tiunx mado hy 
than WKtf JTBly. aiul hmco h« U ral^ject U> tb« expi-nenoo d<«cribed by 
llw fcafliwr K*rit\g. thnl taw mil dtivm ont onothnr. A kindred difiU 
caltgr OMhta in Ui« onas of mtiMO ttnii nmhiUciure. Thanks, hoTevei*, to 
Bwliu g lju tt Uouw And th« Orosrenor Gallery, the materiaU for d«fiaiag 
the Biirttng Mi uwyiwm tfiq ai pictorial art are brought together in ample 
mbmadaart, and they who run mny read the tliemcs tliat ioapire and tbo 
idaab that crifTtMs the eni-rfr^' of living nrtisU. 

Of tbe bcilitim to critical inveati^tion these lumual Exbibittoos 
■flbrd, artists ibemsdvea hiLV« no rcaaon to oomplain. li is improbable 
tlimk we might nlmoat SLy it is impoMtible— that a pictnns of 
merit should dow l» [»unt«d without obtaining admission to one 
or other of the ^allmea we have named. Publicity for merit k Hum 
riMdily ■•Dund, and an artist wbo is anxioits to tnk« the opinion of an 
•baolntely dixpanonabe public upon his work has not long to wait for n 
▼v4iA. Meritorions dramu mny conceivably ba miMcwinf; in private 
mpboarik ; nod when wn n*jnem)w«- that nor>o of StM>l!ey'« pwnis went 
into m M«and edition in his lifdjuic, and tint of one of the moHt admir^ 
able of them only urentMai copim were Rold, it would bo prosumptuoufl 
W aaKTt that a rml child of tlie Muses may notevvii now tie wasting his 
■wvstei^ «u the desert air. But a good picture can comfflaod an im- 
—Ihila MnrtiDy by thotuands of persons, all of whom are interested in 
food pictunK. Neither can it be aUcpxl that the public are difficult to 
Sevority is not the foibto of modern criticism. Indeed, it ia 
indalgeat as to nnall the reply of AJoeate in Moliira'a 
MwmmiArope, wbso AninoC told him that she had the day previouoly 
1 hia pnfaed bj penona whose epinioo oarried maeb waigfat. 


Bk I ludMH, I'oB loM tHuodidlnii toot la nond*, 
TX h ittdc p«r U u'a riea qii'aB iw confoiule. 
Ibtt Mt dW gTABd i»£ri(« ^'— — ' ddoi. 
Oa B*«»t plm KB buaitenr qua de m nir looi; 
l/Ao^M on nlffwg^ i In iHt <m U* jHU, 
^ moB nt]«C de diimtTi cvt mU dnna In ewctt«- 

Of pmise ^pplicnblc to no oiio In pnrtieular. trnt to modeni Art m 
gmetal, tlie RovkI Acadaray m&kM cHrUio every year, bj tlie mgreeoUA 
boflpitalHy it osctooda to Bflkblo Miaistare, to ■uit—idoiB tam«d in Oio 
■ft at timtiy compliinsQt, nod to dwd of letten or MimM whom emu 
■mcam rcnden them goDeroofi to otben wbetiuer Klrewly taeoamttd or 
^ ■tm^Unjf. Even Pope wold bAT« expeiiciic*d khuo difficnH^ in 
MjriBg wtMt bo thoiiffbt of tbn vera»ma3ceni on whom, aa bo dauribeM ia 
tbf> Pra1n|Er<ie to tbo SAtireo^ he finally " tlappod the door," if, bistead at 
their Hyiag to Twidienh*tn to «oUcat Us ^tinion, th«y bad Mked biin to 
dinner, snd had rod him tlieir " \-uyin tiBg(>dy " iifiter the second hattle>. 
If fcattitB dmp nnythin^ into tho wlua of tbeir hoe^ it must needa be 
pearls; and on onv day in ihn yoar tho Knyal Academy ensures to con- 
temputary Art an ample mipplv of ooiirtly iMlmimtion. 

Wo are lot from implj-ing that tbiiM ealoi^uin)i «n> not as nnoere aa 
eulogy nndcr fnidi cireuniRtanonR oan weU be, or froio sugf^aaAstf; tbat 
coiniwlmt luid unfettered cntktt would not bestow warm otwameadatMli 
upon inoil«m Ai't. Wo cnnnot oonc«ivo their doing otberwiac^ But 
mixed even with the little touches of adiiUlion to b» cxpect«d fton 
gi[i«tH of whom it contd hardly bo aald " Jo. vitio -mritaa," iJiere almoM 
invariably occurs some qnalifyin^ obaervatioDt adraaeed as it wen 
IvutAtiviOy, aitil ti<Kt!f)-iiigtotb«>(tnibarraBsmmtf«h by Uieae distiuguiiibed 
critioi wbilo i^tU-uiptin^ to oombum conndcmtion tar tinar hoeto wttii 
some n^^ard to th<>ir own roputatton for ttuttt nnd juilfpnont. Kone of 
the UluMtrioiM giieste of Uw Koyal Academy have boon more cxKuageous 
in uulogy than tbe preeent Prima Minister. Last }\-nT he iMliaiinlml tbo 
town by expKssions of admiration for tho works to be seen on the 
of Burtingtoo Honse. which could hardly have boeo mors kvisb bad i 
banqueting-hall been tho Tribuno of tlw Uffln Fhlaco, or the theoa^l 
hit) pan^gyiio the canvasetw contained in that fiimoiis c-hamber. ComdoBS 
that his langnago bad prorokod snrprue, not unmixed with n»|i<lilii. 
ho this ymr retumod to tlin ehar^, and witbotit ntcontiaA tho hymn of 
pmi«n chanted twelve montlut previously, he dUcreetly qualilieil it hgr an 
additional DOte. Art, he said, in eflcct, ia wcU and varioosly repgrMWled 
OD your walla. Much that one aom, ono udmiras, bat there is sometfaing 
one minM. Art then ia ; but there in no High Art. Tbo sat|}eets ate 
too hnmble, too dooicitie, and vioack overmuch of commoiiplnce «i- 
pertraoe. Cannot Englisli Art attempt a liijrher flight, and (pvi> to the 
nation pictonn to caa|iai« with tboee wKidt K^liad has bequoaUiad to 
RevM, and Tiotorotito to Venice 1 Bubjeots abound. Look *l Uta 




r«imcf tfceBoMt t Whero are ire to look for t]i« Sbhkaqiaare of English 

Id vflDtuting ajKui. thii <latt«ritig nxpoitbiUtion, th« Prime Mliust«r 
«M Dot ilniwiag mAdy opou his omi iirlistio iniuir conseionsaaea. He 
tf A t aloail tb* tboiiftbte gf uumy. No tiuui wluMe uiontal exporionfio 
hM wgwl t1iroiii>li Uie af(w, whcMQ i^ruipntbics bavB bcon ftiiUifi«il by 
tmvalr ban dovelopod by oducatioii, nnd been elevated by histCH-y, uui 
iial to ««lk ttin>axli tbo roomt full of dasiUiv; colour in Burliogtou House, 
vitliOQi Staling tluu lie has bena uiuviu<j in a RODWwlinl aarrow world. 
H* will ban nn miicb to pIcMU, uu littlo tu mure liim. Tbo curront 
fartuiui of dotaeatia life, the cariositiai of cxintMnporary etnli«atioa, tho 
of hii man aelebnttud aoiuUDtaDces, refnxxlucUoiu of natiuiiul 
Or pietonaqne architectures theee aod much more of the AAmo 
aort will hare been ofierad to hiH gnw ; but ho will not, he omaot^ fml 
U«b be baa been ochuittod to very higli re^iota of Art, or thfit he ban 
Imu lifWI Wyotol th«i ftiWy raoge of bis owu ronnd of oxp«muoni. H« 
«iD not faava cauoiint»r«d aoything i<i|aiv»leiit tn what met tho eye or 
■ebed tbeaoul of the inooa jSaem» and hie fiutliful Achatai, while scan- 
tiag Ao tidag Mnplw «l Cartbi^ : 

IMbqtu jam fiunl totnm Tiil|pkt« per orb<in ; 
AtriiUt, PriuBanuiiu, M tamm uoMnn Arhillea. 

Tat EaffUnd bog prpdooed wairinni equnt to tlwas; and, as Lord 
aayi, in the Wan of the fiMtea v« have oar Sitgv of Tray, 
■ad in SuJinqMan a gmater poet than Homer I How is that tho aub- 
)aA wUcb offcrwl tbctmadTea are oo great, and bh? subjects adected »re, 
eottparMJTely spenhin;;, ra (mall ) 

Wa donnt think the aiurwcr in difficult to limi. Sir Joolttut Reynolds, 
wMbtg in thi! luit niitnry, ncknowlcd^v*! tluit the practiail i-xpulaon of 
aainta, nrgina, and imirtytit, from tlin pKitmtaoL eny^I, luul ttijurimwly 
aflaettd Ko^^i Art. It wilt, perhapa, be thon^rht that, apart from nil 
naiaiihaaK'wii of owvli of aainta, riij^tna, and mni-tyra, Art has by tlus 
tina hadanoo^ Kven, however, if iu Kuman Catholic ooimtrioc, attiata 
atiil aooichb inspinitinn in legends (4 the Uadoona and tiip Vatican 
Otlaodar, we cun well nadentaud why in Enfthutd tbeao should Euil to 
diMafia the artJtt't cboioe. Hit^ am altog^^tlwr outiddQ of oitr hfo, and 
■bai lo ottr thoughUi. 'fliey afford uk no cumfurf , »nd itIuAtmte nothing 
that tooellM m. Bat do tho W'ltni of th^ Roses come mncb neanr to 
oa t What ia the Bnttk uf Boaworth to a BelgriLviiui dinnei^tabla 1 Da 
Ihd iafaabitaiita od* (JUphani feel a profoaQd rctn^Kctlro iatereet iu the 
ti t — oTHmry VI. t And ia ^o maatry oooun deeply vened in the 
gain all iKj d thi< UotUM of York nnd lAOOnatcrt 

The critioi wbo nnimioaDcl Etijtliab artiita to Mtl«ct their thooaa 
fitbar froM Iha hinj^ly 4ir from the ari«tocmtic [lenod of Euglijih Hia- 
iMcy. (urgife tliat we uo longer Uto in kinj;ly or OLriatocntlc tiisca. 


Wo Rtill prAwrve aurtun MotuirchioJ form* ; and, there BtHl ora 
lunoDg \t» who bequeatli soaudiog titlw. But to Utke tbo troal 
l>rov« thftt we liv« in no tge of Democnicy, wonld be aa mach wmr« 
tima fui to UIkjui- to prove that wo live in tho light of the sun. To 
flome people Democntcj ia a fctiab — to some a Etumbliitg-block. For 
our purpono it is suffiraunt to rMK^Ue its exietonco ; nor tuwd we «x- 
■ggcnit« nthcT it« advniitfigen or ita ilrawbscks. To lh« politkun of one 
cnmp it UU17 rcpr«»tDt only Ui« voice of the "vilo moltitado;" to ilka 
poIiUcianofauotiMrcainp, tlra^grmtheart of bomaiuty.'' Wo 
Democm^ only the influence of the map/ na opposed to the will of 1 
or to the anthoiitj of the ftw. 

It ix eviiont tbat nnder Biidt a dispeontian tlie greatest nmnbar of 
people of on(! way of thinking will dictAto prrvailing conduct, and tluit 
the greatmt number of piople of one way of fooling will dictate pre- 
vaUing aentiment. This ia hut nuotlter way of aaying thai the manj 
will neoeosuily K>^ ^« direction to existing Art Juid wbnt ii it the 
nany want in pictures T Tt> it Ow glortlScation nf kings and wamorat 
Is it tliv nipmmitatioii of the gallantry of knighU — of the bnitality or 
tren^cry uf cobles I Du tliey crave to underatand the action of difunet 
politiml pordcat What is Kccub(i to them, or ihej- to Hecuba 1 Tbuy 
ant intereflted, not in Nasoby, but iii Epnom ; not in Flodden I^i>ld, but 
in the Derby Day. Thiiir own ofl>tpin|; cononu them mndi more tliaa 
the youug pnno<!s in tho Towrr ; and the Jiidgmcut of Paris has poor 
attmcttons for tliccm compared with the face, or, for that matter, the 
gown nf the reigning beauty. Artiats and art-cntjasi, no donl>t, [leriodi- 
cally Kiruggle to iitprQ this sfcrcam of taate, but they end either by bcnng 
cai-ried along by it, or by being left high and dry ou the eboros it baa 

For the many have at loat acqaircd a couEidenible aeiifle of thrir own 
iiDpore«.nce, and thry aw not at all dinpoecd to transfer feal^ froia thdr 
own houMM, their own occiipntioitiE, tlieir own dii'endons, their own fpol- 
inj^H, to the doings of dead kings, U> the bones of burnt mnrtyni, or to 
the cawfneet and .ipun of the anceston of rieh gentlemen who are now 
nttcommonly like thenuBlTea, No doubt what mme would odl the 
fsoulty of wonder and others the inemdiotbto institii-t of Hriti-ifa aitnb- 
hism, still exists amonget ub; and any pictiii-e pmfeKsing to rrmlrr either 
the public or the pn>'at« life of llojnlty will secure a certain lanonnt of 
attention. Bat then the soTsreign repreMnted moat bo a living Boromign, 
that is to «ay, it must be our Sovereign, tlie Sovereign wq know; that 
Htos in our time, diires in our streeto, goes to onr tbefttiee, opepa mr 
Parliamenta, and bolda drawing-rootna for ua. A {octar* of the Mar- 
rlago of the Prince of Wales, provided it he the Princ« of Wales who is 
■till alive, whom we all kitow by sight, and of whom aome of as an 
nerer weary of talking, will , if exhilnted, be fi>r atime at least so (Mpular 
that we cnu t^uite imdvrstiuid that a detnchmcat of the Metropolitui 
Police force should bo leqnired to prerent loyal Britiab art-etadctats tram 



^VmBkb^ the pftint off it ngtiinit ihi'ir n<»»i. But l«t Hut auBA utlst 
^r fMint tlM muria^ of Philip and !tlftry, or titnu tlte nupti&ls of George 
ilt^ mmI tbe rary aame poo[Jo will either |»h} the picture by witltciut 
eoaUDetit, or will aalc whiit on earth matle the artist ohooMSUch a subject an 
tbail It ia not mere); bocuoso » num i« n kiiig thitt people io Umino 
diijni im iDl«T«Bt«d in him ; otberwiw tho iatoreiA felt in the pictui«(i 
f p—iilBtloiJ of tbu nuurng* of a decensod mcnarclt would \t<mx some 
propurtioo at Unat to tlie iuterwt matufetfled in the turringo «f s liTing 
VIM. Bat the proportioo u in this euo the proportion of wro to in- 
SoEbr. It hM been add that u live donkey U tiecter than a rloud li<ni ; 
bat in tbcao dsye the qanli5cation haa to be added, that the live doukey 

»Bnut be oar own. 
i Ic nay, perlM|li, atrike eome peoph? aa woudurful that even if we 
*™**n oar intertet in ptincos to priacci that are alive, artiste tthould 
nleeC fa- tnatnent sudt an incident in their btreer as Uioir mnrringe. 
tt may be that in a democratic fi^ interasb {a dmd Icinga no longer 
eziata ; bat surely \iviag kings have more interceting raomouts thno 
tMr appeanum at the matrimonial altar. The aiwwer must bo, that in 
BO afla vbooe amtiment, and tLereforo whoso Art, iii regulated by Uie 
frHtngi ctf tba nuuty, they have no more intOTMting moment than that, 
ftir V* all get married, or might get married ; and the pcuple who refiuie 
toeanena tbemwJvee about Fiinoea who an no longer walking about in 
tbrir rifrlhnr, rrrmrrm th"Trtir1 — in the wonneet mnniuu' nlioiit li%'fug 
R r i noe^ when thoae FrincKB are in situalioiiA in whicb they tlu^onwlves 
lun ban, or will poenbly be bef<we very long. A picture repi-caenliug 
a. living Royitl Family at the opera would be sure to attract great alt«n- 
Ham; beanaa nnmben of tba«o who ace nttnictvd Iry it cither were 
iTmimliin At the opera oo tho ooaakoi in question, or would have vastly 
fihfld to hr there. 

W« mny b« thought to have selected a rather trite iiLitiuiou to illue- 
twieoar mmntDg. Bnt it will perhaps not l« deemed trite, if the con- 
doafaiD tt hel{M to ntohltiih be considerod. That oonduaion ii<, thut in nu 
a^ of Democracy, eudi as that in which wo live, the nmin, if not tho 
■ola, ialnvat of die many Is themMlves; and any intereat thi^y may ex- 
bfldS ia wmo otie not Uiemwlvea arises out of tho propurty tb<:y hnvf in 
hia. Of eourso eivery artiitt is free to pl«Aso hunself, and nutr point what 
1m dboowfc But tb«a ha will plenac hinutolf ut hia own peril, or at tlie 
. of plonaing nobody da& Ho may paint rolconow in tho moon, and 
• may do it in ii nuuinor to Mtiafy the acientifio imaginittion of ustro- 
Bottbemxin who points Primrose Hill, even if iuiliflcrently, 
vtn iuterwt a lar gr««t«r number of jtoopK If our leading nitista waio 
bo follow Ijonl Iteoeonafield'a adrice, and tu pnini scvum taken from tlra 
Vara of tiic Koaei^ and if younger B«n weru to iniitutw thtrir eznmplo 
•lid iUvatiat« tba dnmas of ShahOBpence, the quadrangle of Btirlingtoo 
»m» wonU aoon pnamt a very difloreiit oppooranoo in tlui months 
Maj, JuDSb and July &o)u what it doe* iiow, Iho fiagr uuzicty 



maiiifoBted hf tens of tlianaandii to rrowd tbo lUirfa] ACndemy Bi A» 
onriiwt poanMd opportunity wddH sooti tlwindla down to miUfl^*uc«; 
nn<l the ImndsotDO roomti built itt ik> intiiJi «ofit wonid diorLlv be lu ■)»• 
serted >is tlie oorridorH in the Britislt Musetini tliAt oonUin tlie R!gio 
Marbles. A fkiure of Wnrwieir the Kiiig-Muk«r wooM not excito it 
tinndredtb part of the mtereBt awakflnwl by a pictuiv of a living Lord 
Slaynr if the two works wrsv |)aiiit«<l br tbc muho liand. Mon ate aod 
drftiik in Ruin« a» they «it and drink now-k-days ; bat eoold the ^aa» 
utiat hope to picam u mudi by [imntiug n nipper of SoUtul u by paint* 
ing an aodcii^fmduate'a bMokbat at Oxford I 

We fnnry wo bear some ono oKjectiitg that people were alNrayn more 
interoBted in tlioir own cuuocrnn tkin in iho oancomB of othera, nni) that 
it in no novelty for ui nge to bo more attracted by wk«t in cont^mpomneoiia 
tiiiin \rf what 18 iNUt and gone. That is, no doubt, tni» ; bnl the objec- 
tion enahJM lis to itidieate the diBtinotioD, as far as Art ui oancumcd. bo- 
tween the ptcoeot *ff> and all ptvvious agnB, between an age govemad by 
Monatchical ideas or Robjoct to aristocnilic intluencp, and an age frankly 
Domocmtic. In theono oaao on Artist impowafaiaidaal^ bis soatimecits, 
his subjecta, hi« preforeucM, on the public!. lo the other, the public 
impoae tht4r tOBto, tikeir pieCerenceii, tbdr 8uhje<rla, upon the nrtiat. It 
wrUl p^i'liiipit bo uTgod that princM or great nobles, and not the aitist'l 
o«-n clioiop, were wont to deddo what tbeniefi h*> ahoald handle. But 
tl)i« was by no metuu ixiTariably tho csae ; and ovon where it may Beeu 
to linve bK-D ao, the eholoe of Ibe pntrou and of tbo artist «*r mbetoik- 
tially idciidn^. l^ore can be no qtiention that grcsb actaita prefer, and 
aro by instinct uicUti«d, to M>Wt ^retftt itubj^ote nttbvr tlian email ones ; 
and it may shrowdly be expected tliat the recogniaed unperioarity oT Kucfa 
vtistB an Riiptiiiel, Tintoretto, and Liomirdo, ia duo tn no amnll inCMSnre 
to tbe nupononty of the subjects upon trlueh tb«y woi-kod. We enter* 
tain no doubt (but had tlie aixtMutli centnry beon a cvntvij as tmly 
damocraUc as oar own — tbut is to aay, a oeutunriu which tbo many we 
B8 inflnontini aa they are now — they would not have eooouraged the 
nrtista we Imve named to ecket for tnatment the aabjecta they, as a fiiot, 
did aolect. They wo\ild have compelled theni to paint aomethiog that 
came home more dii-tctly and more strongly to tliidr sympatbiGs. They 
were not oousultod, and tiie artiut wna left t^Uitr to his own inapinuion 
aoiely, or to bia own iniipiralioti noonded by migxwlaons of some FbpOt 
IDoge, EmpvTor, or PodealA, wboae toatai and 'aoxhea woru prvlly eiinilar 
to bia own. The many vcro not tak«u into coiufultation an to what 
ahould b<i paint<Hl ; Uiey mjitt only Ivld to aduiire souiolhiiig which liad 
alraady been paint«l. It aewr occurred to tJicin, for a moineat, that tbtt 
iirtixt should point tlio incident* of their own daily life. Such an idra 
w«uld have santurcd uf intold'alJe preauniptiiin. Pitrlumi, ami inch liJce 
luxnrita, wcro not for ootninon folk, but fur holy Fotbun*, crowuiMl 
hukda, muiucipa}itieft, cborcbuR, nionastnies, and tbo griMt (oitt of Ibo 
aaith. Hence tho people who {Minted tho pkturM pninbeii ■Dstt M 




lUvalty. esctoUod Hcnvcn, iUtterLtl opolsttb tiiaee, or drew devout 
craw^ to tlw foot of c«i«bntte<l ftlurs. Th« Virgin ww b«ing lifted up 
the TluaDS of her Sou on Uxe (ixt o( clouik or on iha wings of aqgols. 
Jnfaomh Wi hurliu^ Uie tjlii«|>li«iiier tiud the rioUnis into Uiti eUMViil 
tibjimm of btflL CoastAHtine wbs trininphin^ oT«r 3lAiieDtiufi Aod driv- 
ing hia bcnUtml lufpucu Into tho Tiber. Paul was proclfumiiig tlis 04«]>el 
«f tlK au|>«iter'i Son to tbe aolf-eatisficd pbilfleophcra of Atbeiui. Saint 
fnaoM, Stint Domitiic, Ssiiib Bnttnlict, mcli luut liiv crouil of iitt^miliiut 
■rtltta, bronaft at Afdsi, at 8iilii:ioii, id Mouto Uawtjio, lived powurfiil 
ptlnu ifi eonl ukI betware. To Pcni^ino it nuttered not wbiitkci- liiri 
pitmn -waa tb« boail of tlie AiiguxliaUn friu-s, or the spirited CorpOTDtion 
wUdi ooaiaiiaHsiwd Kim to cover tliu widk of tbo Sola del Cambio with 
idmUHd mw e ntn l in iiit of JiiRliro, TeniponuM, luul Prtidcnco, pet^uni- 
tai hf T^^ui, Leonidm, uul Numa Poni[Mliiu. He knew the more hu 
■Ifcnwwl las ig»ginittiQo to Bonr, U>« bettei- ho abould mtMy liia cevurend 
IpNtd iiMiUMi If he stock the portrait of a patron into tiio comnr of lui 
iBorawoc cnnvu covered with aointii and tnartyrs, and i-epresen1«d bim 
M * tnboHinate uid insi^ii6ciuit perKinage^ kneoliug afar off, and aa if 
fnjittg vxcuM fur bf^ng tlxnv at all, tlie p»tj-uu whs Hitisticd, Now, if 
tb» jalroQcif an arttit— aoaiw nuUttcr vf lionudit, or pruTveoiH'Of vuuiUiuicaG«, 
of IKa pariod — in paintMl, it is not aa nn iioooMory, but lui a principnJ. 
" P«int nu ! " in the ordir ; " and |iiuiit mi> hh like me lu you ixxwitily 
mo. ity ftuuiljr do not want a wik of ioiit^'iiiutiou. llitiy want uie iu 
My beat dotho^ and with my fiivuorito unirk, or in my moat oomouuid- 
bf kUitsub." 

Hsppilji portraits do not cxlinaitb tho list of «uUjoctfi ia which tho 
■toltitaj* of A rt-wonhiiipent and pirttirtvbuyera now-a-dajra delif^ht. 
Baft tba wiDe principle, the same uiotivf<, ia at work in Uio ]>nfvre»co 
rftaiWB bjr the modem many for the pictures which they do prefer, 
Thaiw ia no diflsraDcn betwrco tho Diodcm tniiny anil the andeut many, 
MTo that tho Aadent many had notlun); whutvv-cu- to miy to what sort of 
p ttiu i aliontd !■-■ pointeil, mid tltu miHlcru mniiy liavo <>ver7thi»g to say 
to it. Htockhrokcn. and cotto&-8|iiiini:m, with mun^>' in their podet^ 
tJk* Bumniflocnt Lonuuos of the poriod. Tbo true HUceotsor of 
ulhis IX. or Cbarin V., in tbo cbamctn* of Art'|iatmn, i» a mLV\'y 
gmwn rich. A narvy grown ridi in a ptM-wn greatly to be respected, 
in ao t»r aa he ia tiw embodiment of priu.-ticHl iibiltty, character, and 
'. MunUly, be ii fiir mora admiivblo thuu Liu X. But it may 
dMbted if his camntaaon to artiHls to paint him piotum will bo 
\y ■rtinbtetoiy. The one wiui n oultJTitted swosuiUisi ; tlie othvr is 
ly n *trvuuutu boor. Tbo «Pi;ond ia probaUy fiar mora luwfiil m 
it Bf[v iiuin a rT-|j<r<>du<.-tiou uf thi> furiuer would b«^ but hia 
.bMM vni* wfai:>r8 Art tiegijn, yit ea omni partf bratunt. And iin 
wUch [i Eli tho haiida nf a clever, pnskiuj;, nuui-educutud uiddle- 
riig, tboa|[b it will havr m.\ny t liinj^s wHidi iin worth having, will not 
daiidiiaot Moai of Art mtioiacUtfy to thow who ueaii by Art 



something moio mduring th^D wall-funiitaro, And Mm^Uung mora 
vatod Uian aoothiog Kynip for puling mediomty . 

For it Is bettor to be c&ndid, and confosa tiiat the avenge penon in 

oth«r vordi, iha type of the many — prafoteuiull themes to latge themei, 
lltUe eahjedta to bjg ones, matten of print* interMt to uuitters of puUio 
intavBt— the pieturot in the Royal Aoademy to the pietozw in the 
Kationjil Gftltcnty. The tnrn of the aversge penon has eome, and Jte 
ia uaiDg bia nghta oe frMtly and unraervedly an people usually do me 
their rightt. Every dop bw hia day ; and the day of High Art is owr. 
It v^mld be nnfair to call the Art that hav replaced tt low art, for it i« 
not tlint, though it nay ooocoivably anfc to that in time. The maar, 
left lo themoeU'efl, have a wondeifal aptitude fur the art of etnkiag. So 
far thttr art in, like tboauclvea, middte^dan art. It it not derated, and 
it is not base ; it i> commco, ordioaty — what (he Fceooh call bamUf. 
Tkmoctm^ wills (t ehoald be so, for democracy cannot will otherwisei 
It has ita idAl-t, as every ag«, and every person, necesnrily must bava; 
and its idmlx am oompriaMi within the limits of its own expericnoe. It 
does not want to be tAlcen np Lo a high pUce ; it imIm for no trau- 
&Konitions. True, it is couetantly sayiofc. "It tA good fur iia to be 
here ; " hut the " liere " ik the bottom of tlie motintaia, not tlio top, 

It ta joiit poasUe that wv may be told thai the two perioda in the 
world's history most fauonH for Art, and for Art gf an cleii-atad chametor, 
were democratic ])eriodi. The periodx referred to would, of coune, be 
llionc known for oonvctiienoti' nako an the age of Pericles and the »gt of 
the Medifii. The ansK-pr must be tbnt thi^' weie in no trae mom demo* 
antic ages, and iu no sense democrutic ages as far u Art is conoemed. 
Bepahlicanisni and Democnwy are far from being oonvoriible terms; and 
the penona who iinn^^ino Utat, evm in llin sphere of politics, the noftar 
rxerrised as mitch iiifltieiico in the Achenuin and tlun^ntiiie rejniblia 
OS tboy cxercixe iu tlie morleru mannrcliy of Engbind, would do wvll to 
Rtndy Bfn»h tbeir Grate and th^lr Guicclardini. When wo turn from 
IMilitics to Art, wo find u condition of tliiuga tho Tcry oi>iKiMto of Uiat 
whic^ prcrails in Knf;l(ind at Uiiit moment. The many neither ordered 
Btatuea nor bought pictures ; they were content to admire the statues and 
p!ctur«t executed or ordered by those whom it twrer occarred to ibem to 
challcinge m tlieir " hettenL*' As for the artist himself, be worked for 
his own glory, or for tlie glory of lus country, his city, lus States his ns 
ligion, not for the glorification of some in-lividun) Orajstu, or the gntltfl- 
cotion of some hapj^ fitmily. It is true be took to doing this in the 
declining days of Bome, and tlie period was i^ohronoaa with the decline 
of Art. The artist lent himself to the taste of the many ; and th* (wte 
of the many killed hb arL 

For tho many are rery worthy people — highly rwpootahle, and In 
many ways d(«er%'ing of oMtsidemtion ; but it would he riiUeuloQs in- 
Mncerity to pratend that they cherish lofty (dealit in any diiectian, and, 
most of an, Uutb tb^ cherish loitj ideftU in tlie diivotion of Art. It is 






I »IT 

^^•ra tarn 
Bit fa CO 

o to iidiliaH to tlinn ilio exlwitatioii, Sunum corJa / Tboy oannot 

lift u|i tbeir heorUL Their live*, tli«r inlAnMts, tlioir rery dii-y-dryriuns, 

Riv it tho lartl), oATtb^. Homp, biisinem, diTetsioti'— behold tlio Uinit 

th*ir liw t Thoy «lwayti were like Uuil ; iu all proiwlnlity tlK>y 

ftJ«'m^ nrUI bo likr Unit. Oiii pty^anuM vitfffNS et an*o exprofises tb« 

rvKluritti; atUtadc oTlliotnie artist tovards tJie mnltttude, n-ho amply 

r*p«t Uit couiplinicut. In Uitw? days, at l«net, tlw true artist uwd Iw ut 

DO piitui tu try U) ket>i> Did "vulgus" itt lu-m's k-ugtb. IT ho inritm 

Umn tBt it » tcui to one Uiey Xakt no notice ; if they do. it » to go avny 

wobfltriug at liLt pervcnity id «el«ctuig sucb Dttwigo tb«aiv>:i. Of tb« 

** AeiMim of iareiitiati " Uiey know nolhiuj; ; the imitation of eartli is 

«Iiiifa> OMiuiEb for Uicm. Tliat they pivfir ; for that they will \u\y. They 

annmonplaoo talk, liking <x>muon]il.ic« thin,]*!s How Efaoultl it bo 

im\ It would bo idltt lo rei>roach or vilify them ; bat it t« equally 

lo tgoon! or diisseinhlu thcr fitct. Kvrii iii moilom uiisU Uieminlvvv, 

it fa cariotu to noto tho limited nd miration tJioy usoftUy extend to tho 

groat wtista uf OL-[nrtcil tiuien. Tliey can npproduto the technical marit^ 

tt Tbvoui cv Venetian painters ; but it ii dear that it is tho t«chiucal 

alone in whtdi tlitry i-ooognitw Kii|Hinurily. Tlit-y fail to jiKrceive 

m'ty iir th<'iiio and Kupfriority uf treatment, 'flicj' tbuinnelvi^ for 

|iarf, IfeloBff in tasta ami Wling to tho nrniiy with wlioro ^i%af 

btvatkr. and tiave thoir being; and they find the aiil>jeet« and tlio 

•Byte «]f Uto (^d Matiors almost m fttraogo and ad uointerceting as do tbo 

f«upl« who find tktir (jiulunv fauiiliar and inlorOKtiug. 

I r furibiT conCmiotion Iw souj{ht of the luworing influooco of DonK)- 

enef upoik ,\rt, wa have only lu turn from gxuntiug to Iit«mtur« U> find 

the widouco uf wliieh wa ars ia ttouxib. In the daytt when tho many 

|i were of little or no coumqnenoe, and a uonarch, or itowt-rful nobln, 

I' verp vfivythtng, the man of lotl«n was ahM>lnt«ly unfottnred in the 

I ao^ilaymeut of liii geoiua. He might, like tho artift, have a iMtron; 

^^hrtr wbtla [Mbon* oocaaioD&lly did pi-etcnd to dictate tiio subjoct upon 

^^khieh Uw |«inter khnuld axefciso but tulontn, the patruiw of tJie poet, 

^^HMHl^nplier, or the )ii*tiniin, left it to them to nelvct, uurestiniuod, 

^^^^^^^^ of tlieir wuft, ttivii- epcculatioo, or tbdr uimtitii^. Ifo F^ 

lado IVnti* wiitn hut Dtvina ComtMdia, or )i«iil him for writing it : no 

'IT llejiuhlui snt Millou to work on /'anutut: ImU, or lixilc imy 

nf him wh<<n bo bati accumplixhtxl lii» tauk. Qtttwu Klizahelli no 

njjpvtrd t» Aluik>«{Kan> tint Mi'lnimmrr Xiijhft flrtnm, or Otltrlta, 

(fid ttiv |p\>uiidling». Kv«u tjiuujtb writing for Uio «titgL<i whoro 

widh lo ploajR.' a Iwge iiudifioce must always be more or liwit pi-okont 

writrr. Shakm|Mutq wsa abln to fed that what he chme to write 

uul dty alike would accept. Thu audience was easily pleased, and 

but Ttty eaaily borad^ and, nut iMin;* oG&rad domeelic dramas, it waa 

ilkd to ouako an cilbrt to cnUir in somo dcgno into the mibtletioe of 

ftsd tbn oxaJt«d totii^ws of L«ar. 

has cbaoged all tlut ThAt same iniddto-dm of which 
TOb su— ira. 236. 13. 



w« Kpoke, which b*a nci^iufed a Mutie of its own «ciaMqueEk«e, ftud 
not onl^ fi BTDH) of itii onu CMUF^nenoe bnt a setue of tha in- 
a^Ttifitnticc of iadividuids tli«t do Dot cbooso to bumoiir 0, la qoito 
M ^xMiing In litvnituiy as iti ]iAuitu^. A oun uf Icitera Bball writr* 
what it want* to nwd. or lie ttlmlt gii uni'wtl. If ho )ik» to let liia 
iawgination dwell upon gm\t IIimiicb, ti<> is fi«e to plouw tiitnsdf. Ho 
will not be biimt; be will onlj be tnft otit in tbe cold. ■■ Writa to nmiiM 
ffMi I " nja BetDOcmcy ; jimC fui it fuud 1o the uii»t, " }*aiDt tw." In 
order to unuao iKruocracf. or area to bhcui-o iIh attcutioD, tlie writer 
mu»C abjure a11 eiil>|«ctH which are tweuti-ii tA tbo ttiiiltitudc, aud mnat 
dmi with thuiucM to which the nuiny coodewcHiid to vouchNiTo their 
tntori>«t« Mco oT k-ttcrc, of thv hi^hor wrt, Lnvo ulwKjii bvto mor* 
Htubbora thiui niliitts; luiil vn nru far fixiiit tn^niig tiint Home of Lbcin do 
not still trcftt thiif fliimmoiifi of Peinocniry to wntiite it with eove- 
tci^ contempt. But the rcHilt unfjoestiotwhly is that they writo for « 
Rnudl ciirle, which is ever getting ■.midlei'. We bAvepnrpfMpljr &bstAiiifld 
from introducing the namrfl of living jH^wmB, or it would ho csuiy to 
mcotion men of genius in tho world of Ic^ttore, whoso works arc fiUwir 
praclintly iinknown to the pablic, or who arc known to tht; [xihlic only 
bj somo Hiibordinalu work wliich liapjicns not to luiw bem outaido and 
boyond thn puhlio tanltt. PoeLry in tiiipiraaed to bn xhi* higboat fonn of 
literature, luid much jioetry is ntill wrilten. But ilteiv is onlr aat 
UvvDg Knglish poet who can b« said, even by a i)tret<L of laDgna^ to 
be known to Iho many, lie baa done exqnistte work; bat ram anj 
of it wtrll ho nafiii;ncd u place in litm'nttLro analogous to the plucv held 
by what in painting m «a1W High Ai-t T He hax not fkiled tn lli^h Art, 
bemuM lie has not iitt«inpt«d it ; unlen, indued, exrvplion liaa to Itf 
tnado of a couploof dmnias, murkcdly isfnior to hia other lnl>oiu«. Cer- 
tainly, if thi^y were addtKcd as ohjrMion)) to our theory, we should be 
able to plewl lIi*' indifTer^iicn wrilh wliich the many havo receiTed them, 
without inij^uiriiig whether the iudiirvnmce was well founded. For the 
TCHt, (he heautifhl work of this great artist, aa fiir as theme nod tmat' 
UMVQt arc concerned, haA been a striking coDcesdoD, tbongh donbtli^ 
an unconecioua conccasioQ, to Democrauy, or to the twtos and iatamd 
of the many. Hit< chief poeniH have beffu deeoriUHl as nbbii^t [^ctnrea: 
cabinet picturea of the highest merit, as ccTtain cnbioet [nrtoRai m 
tlie wallB of tlif Royftl Academy are of the highoit lomt. But neitliar 
one nor tlic oihcr ran \ta Raid to be of the first order, no far bs sul^ect and 
tnntiiieat are i^oucemei]. Other poeta have been more daring and )^ 
popular, ^^^le^ they have handled maiparBt.i\-ely ssuill Llnnnra, lbe]r» 
too. Imve altracted some attention. The moment ibvy enLuved their 
canvas, iheir aiidionco rafddly dwindled. The last ten ycant lubvrt fvo- 
■ridwl ample nwlerial for un am' ■' 'Muy K-' ■ faU 

of tlie ScKuud I'renrh Euijiim, i <.'oiiiniiini.' i«^ 

Tided for tJie iuiit^iuition no loIUer tun- ranm impiriDg loateriaL It 
Inaylxj Otat the sot^eota bare been treated, and it may be that tbnyiiATa 



lic>«D Inftted iuidequtftly. Bui it k quite cei-toio tlist if tltey bave 

n trMleil, vhttlier adp<|iutt«ly ur othra-wtse, tUe nuinj' bftTa taken do 

tUs ve nay nsctt with tlic ntnoat confidence, that if a poet 

to dMLl wiUi tliixc ]6fty Biil'jects «ere to dcftl wtU) tli«m, and 

'ik"wtn to -NTitB u pTQlty or paadOMte little pom about a mm and a 

oouWa tb0 wvuij — in Dthcr wordft Dt^mocTBcy — would rttui th« second 

|f ^-Ht"*"? with inf nt< and (towihly with anthuuAJtm, if the nun nnd 

veman at all nwmhlml llietDKlves, anit wonld turn (roni tha imaginative 

tiwCiiiitof Mtititaua, ijedon, and the »i«ge of tJie l-'reod Capital by 

nnebtnnt with utter indil&mioe, not wholly unmixed with that of l-ou- 

Cfdtad aoawa. Of Oiv Italiim Woni, of tb« Fmnco-Oennan Cainpnlga, 

■f Ibe Dffcnoe of Muiiltii»iti« by ivvolutioiiaty deBporadoftf, tho tii'iiiy 

Wva bat) qoitu GDonith. Did tittry not n^d all about then octnirreooefi 

ia the [laily inpeiB I The iiuati Hpi-cial coirmpondent and ilio Uvely 

baJcr-writcf havr cihansted tlum tJicmeK. It waa all VM-r well for 

iBiahlMMH to dranntiiw Koiiry VIII. Wn liavo ohaiigRrl all that; 

aad w< prnfdr to read about ^.-onUiiijioniuoous events iu tho oolumtu of 

(1m Jiaify Slarittr. 

bat if we wish to m- what can be dune hy tho tnflucnco of the many 
hrvank bwtritutArt,i( ia m-itUcr to piotora Dor topouua that wo must 
tm lUtL t • IU I^Mtts mny go on for vrer i^noHni; UiB multitude, 

aaJ pail. I'}' (U-^rwe experi^'nre tlie full c-iri-irt of tho conditioDB 

vkich, w flxliitiiUira trying to kII tbcar pictiirca, thoy are cxpo««d. 
dianatiata, whaao tlrumas are not acted, are not dnunstiatu at all; 
it is to tbo tJiRlifh Bts^ wo must turn for a foil flood of «»- 
toomvnt B» tn |ir<-%-ailtag idmla in a democmtio ago. A ponn may 
paltlfadnnl, ibotigli it pLnsea and ia read by no one save ita anthor. 
p*ctai« may be exhibited, tfaonf;h it attmcbi the notice of only a few 
But playa are eithnr uol acted »r am 4|uickly with- 
Ihey p!i-jiM ibe averagv play-goer. It wouli] be iupoaiuble 
I4 p*t on ftd«<f uato idea of the condition of the Eiif;li>h theatre without 
^_^ deviating frmn our dcaire to aluttniii from peraounl insUincea. Kortu- 
^B aatdy no proof ia reqiiirui ; for Uie British drama liaa rouhed depths of 
^H^H^feAKit (ban which tb«T« cannot pomihiy be any lowor deep. Tho 
^^^^^^Blo be KKigbt iu tba d»gTB<led tdcmle of the aKilimce. We liave 
•am* oUrvr aeton and actiTaMn, »ho, if tlio taste of the public weie Ugber, 
wciidd 4fevdop y«t room ability by {daying in loftier r6itw. If it ba 
atkmi why they dii not nek to educate both tltPnuteWoi and the public. 
i^ ' '- will iivt lie etlui-ated; and if acton and 

wtti' .1" <j|ienitioti, they woidd soon bo beggaied. 

pte that will ha»r tlie picbircx tiiuy want, ami tho Inoloi tboy want, 
uo fltbivff, arv Dot likely to accqit Auy plays but tboM tboy wont. 
A Baiuger ba* iiu clioiro. hat lo plMMi hitt " introDa." Tho longsal 
ptirvo wonkl sucnimbt if he aouffht to teach them to l>e plmspd witli 
•lee, Tbey likn hiifrnAnm*, rows of \ofi», and now and then 
nf faweJ o r mnudlln Kbtluetit ^ nod IIhmc avcurdingly atv what 



is i>rovtcl»(l for them. A oertun numbar of so^i&lled oomeiliea ue put 
upon tbu «tagu ; but tbe verj^ Ixatr of ikeao %n broad &rces — jtnt u 
xattob Carow na " Box and Cox," or " Ixaid i»e FiTe-ShiIlmg»" — witk 
bera and tbere au »jilo»ion of |Nithns, jiut to justify tliuir title. Tlietv 
can be few men of letton, at least in the ilepartuent of inagitiatuiB. 
who have not felt an iuolinatioQ to vrrite draoiatioallf . Thore ii net a 
livmjr Epj^liiihmaB, as fiir na mi can recollect, deserving the name of ■ 
man of letters, or evea pr«ten<ling to the title, who writes for the cbtg* 
or who IiiL5 even onoo doitt* »o. 'W'e may be remSoded of " Qneen 'Matj f 
but, tliough it vaa {lut uiwn tbe stage in ootuequenoe of ite author'a re- 
putation, it is hardly ctcdibla Chat it was written far ihe «t»^. The 
fint tbing an Eiigli^ managor or EngU^ actor would say to a drmmatie 
aspirant would bo that literary q^oalitiee have uotbiog to d<i witli Uic 
piBctical goodneflH of a play, and tatlior stand in the way of itit KueKs* 
thao otberwisa. What U wanted on the stage is extraragaii«>, quaint* 
BMa, aorpriw, sanaatiou, and tiuubliu^'. The object of the Iheutre in tbf 
greatest hai^unees of the greatest Dumber, and the greatost number find 
thfir liappinoa in thwo thin^. Over the wiilla of vvary Ibeatre id 
London mi^t be written, *' You who enter here, leave Litomturo and 
Art beliia<l.'' Modem ootnedy, in iu very highest pba«ea. apparently 
coDsata in ourying abouta ketUe of bot water and diiiyiug tlio tabledotb 
by patting it down in the wrong pLaoe, in mukiug yonng gnardsnen wbo 
caoDOt apeak oonaort wiUi young womea who cannot Kpcll. in proyiding 
them^botb with abuutUnco of exaggerated chanetcmtica, and in aomoboctf 
abrieking, dying, or cooiitig to life again at tl>e rijghc luoioont Ilw 
bistj-ioniu ability exhibited in thaM perfonnatioes is consideimbla The 
playa themaelTM are clcnr, but certainly not of a high order ; and tli* 
aiidiencea that fancy thny are, ora past writing for by any one who would 
buulily imitate Plautns or copy Molii^te. It is a BUggwtive foci that 
oo the 6rKt evening after the Gaiety Theatre was opened afWr the defnr- 
tore of the Conrfdiu Franijoiao, tho play givi-n wiw " Pretty KamcmUa." 
It is innospiritof onimoaity tolNmiocntcy Uiat we maketboM ebKT- 
vations. The many arc uur uiast«n ; and their Hiipi-nniaer has bnmgfat 
wHli it aome good things and aboUsbed many evil ones. But it baa Iti 
drawbookB, nod wq bare indicated aotne of tbem, It triea to nake 
pottry narrow in its uope and poif Jlin^ in its treatment. It ban* H^ 
Art, and asks for ptcturea of no wider range and no higher devatian tiian 
its own blamelcu bot edfiab sentiment. AihI, finally, tt Iina banished 
fiwtt the stnge almost ererytJiing, Euve what provokes laughtar or 
KuggeBta lust. It ia a mighty tyrant, and it wilt not be hanlked. It Itaa 
got npon horselMuik. — Whither will it ndo I 




JSilbitc <^lili^(;5: |k j;1nrl)tiiir[ Jjloniiitue. 

cflAPriiR r, 

A Br^vs Oabexr. 




BUT whonwowimton deck 
Cbentuct morning we fbi-- 
got m\1 abotit Mio tletest- 
nlila person who wm 
about to broAk lit upon 
our peac» (tlicro was 
suull cfa&oce that our 
fiutiiful Angna Sufiier- 
land mi};Iit estcotiDter 
the anako in this eummer 
[wmdiM, and trnniple 
ou him, aiid (litch him 
out ; for tbii euj way 
or getting rid of di»> 
agraeiiblfl folk i» not per* 
mitted in the HighUndt 
now-a-dayfi) as wp Icmked 
oil the beautiful \uy 
shioio^ all around iia. 
"Dear met" uid 
u i'.m *-m'i.biiixlu could oal; aee that now '. It is a 
to this plAce. I'm tlittiking I must writ« 

■J I 



"jpCBt pMly 1i» baa twTCr 

TLe Lurd did Dol remftiDler that vre had on oi'tift on bonrd — one 
vbB» If ah» WBB not so gmt an artiK na Mr. OalbmiMi, bad at leut u- 
bJKfaH ooB m two atsttU landKApen in oil itt th* Bojral Aradeny. Bnt 
tbaa the AcadamkUiis, though th«y might dreftd the «ontrott betw««ti 
iMr own vork aad that of Tom Ualbraith, could have no fear of Itlary 

And CTtB Mr. Gallinuth bimwlf might hav« been puuled to Giicl 
•BMDg Ilk pigftaauta any u^uivaleat for Lh*» rai« and dear ooloun of 
tkii siontine aoene aa nonr vn aaitcd avray fnta BnnatEan with a li|iht 
tofnail linvn*. How Lliio tho day wna — bluo skiee, bins H^as, a faint 
trma^Minnt blur along tiffi cHfi* of Itoiiti; and Gribiiii, a djirker hlu* 
vfamt ihr Ur itu Tmhoiuab rui oat iatu the tea, a ahadow of blue t^ 




nurk vhM» tha oiveei of Staff* retraateil from tbi; lurCioe of the tun- 
lirown rwk* t And licre, neitrcT «t Itand, the varmar colours of the Atan 
^tbe soft, velra^ oUv«-|;TeeD« oftbo mo«e and br«clctui ; tite splAabm of 
Itlao where the rocks were bare of Jun-baga; the tcmlt-r xunny reds whsre 
the eranibo promoatoriee ran out to Uk son; the Iieautifnl orBom wliitra 
of the candy bajs ! H4>re, too, m<o the ialiuiiii ngain m w« get out into 
the open^Qoioetni, witli \t» one white hooae at the point ; and lurli 
Kannetli, wbefv the seals sliow their shiniiii; Unck ii^aJa uooog the 
sinliowi; and Erugeir aod Colonasj, whrn^ the skarts alight to dry their 
wings on the mcks; axid Sta&, and I/unga, and the Dutchmnn, lyin^ 
peooehil «noiig:h now on tho cftlm blue ems. Wo hAv« time to look at 
then, for the winil is alight, hc'I the lirDad-beninffll WiiUr Dov« is not a 
(]iiick faSdT in a light brccsc. Tbu Iftt purt of tho fbrODoon in orer 
before we find ouimIvm opposite to tho glcAuiog whtta arui<!« of 
trartfaem baje of lona. 

" But xnrely botli of us to^L-thur vill bo aUo to make him stay lu 
than ten dfcys," ei*y» th** cMct of th^ two women to the younfjer— «nd you 
may be mre she was not speaking of East Wind. 

Mary Avon looks up with fk eturt; then looks down nguin — pcrbA|» 
with the 1o9L«t tow.h of (wlour in her faoe— ut itht^ says huiTiedJy — 

'Ob, I think you will. He in your friend. As for m*— yon sm^— I 
—I scarcely know him." 

" Oh, Maiy ! " aays the other reproachfally. " Yon have bem meet 
ing bira constantly all these two months ; you muirt know him lietter 
than any of tia. I nra sure I wish he woe on board now — he could tell 
ua all about the gmlogj of the islands, and whst not. It will be delight- 
ful to baVo wmcbody on board who knowA eotnethinf;." 

Such U the gmtitudoofwfltnen! — and the lAird hnd just been do- 
ttribing to Iter xoaie farther points of tlie CsuiOus bei-esyosei 

"And then he knows Oaelio!" aayn tliu eldur woauuu "Uu 'trill tcS 
•as what all the nanee of tho iiilands mMn." 

"Oil, yes," says the younger one, "bo nnderstanda Gaelic very woU, 
tliough he cannot epf^k much of it." 

" And I thiok )ii> is wry funil of bunt^" rematks our hastetv. 

"Ob, exceedingly — oxcwxlingly ! " says the othur, who, if she does not 
know Anf^ia Sutherland, seems to have picked up some infoi-nution 
about him aoinehow. "YoQ canuot imagine how 1i« lias been look- 
ing forward to sailing; wHh yon ; he has 8airocly hnd any holiday toe 

"Tlicn he miut stay longer than ten days," stys the elder woman; 
adding with a smile, "yon know, Mary, it is not the number of bin 
jistiontR that will Imn^ him ba/rk to I^ondon." 

■'Oh, but I aaiiimynu," says Misi Amn snriontdy, "that he U notnt 
all anxioiia to have many patients — as \tit 1 Oh, no ! — I nevrr knew any 
one who was so indil&rent about money. I know he would live nii bread 
and wntor — if that wore noceasaiy — to go on with his rasearchea. Uv 



MmBslf tliat nil Uic time lie ww «t Len]wda his expenant ytem 
tbfta U. iL wmIc" 
tta feeoml b) know n good deailaliout tUo drennMnnon of iliis yonng 


" I/uk Kt wbnt lie hu done with tboM ftaMfAbetio^," eoatimiM Miat 
Avmu " Im'c it IwUer to tindout mmetliing Uuitdoes good to Uia wbols 
worid Uuui girfr yuurself iiji to nmkuig raooejr by ^vheodliag « lot of olil 
«>tim«I« of thrt phjxtcliin'ii wt wm not fi&ttoriiig. 

** Bat," ibe nys warmly, " if the Uovemnwnt bud any aeax, thnt is 
Ja>t t^ aart at man thejr would |nit in a position (o go on with his in- 
ralaaU* work. And Oxford and Cumtirid^o. with all tbcir wealdi. tliny 
tefu hf em noofraiM the noblest pFofmion that n, man can dcroto hitji- 
mK li>— wbm bvwi tb« poor Kcotch UtiivMviliDS and the Univcretlios nil 
ovtr Bompe bavo alwn.p( bad tbcir mcdioul and sdeutiBc choint, I ibink 
it i» poifoeUy disccracoful I " 

ainai when had she Immmo so etranuooB an arlvomte of the oii'low- 
mant nTreKaiel t 

" Why, look at Dr. Suthorland — when be is burning; to got on with 
biaown |wopnr work— whpn hiH nanui ia Ijej^nnin;; to bu knowii nil ovor 
Euupv ho [iti9 ta fiitu^r away bin timo in oditlu^ a sciontiGc mai(aidn'0 
aad in thnm h««[dta1 IficturM. Aiwl that, I anfiposc, is l>«u<oly cnotiKh to 
lf*« on. Ilitt I know," lOte layii. with dncinion. " tlint in ftpite of tr«ry' 
thing — I know that before b« ia frve^nd-ttiirtji be will Im Pmsident of 

I'r ' \ ^Mciation." 

1. '•(]. itt a lirare <-arw<T for the Scotdi itadent: cannot one 

thn eLetch lui it rouKbly fixtflto in th« minda of thoHo two 

At twmty-floe, TLSf. of Kdinbtityh. 

,tt* P.R8. 

t tl. < . '^AOi- of BiotopQr at Oxford : the cliair fintn4cd throngh 

iitt InifvcMtion of tbe woman of Onttt Kritnin. 

At tbtrty-fivrt, l>midmt of the Britudi Aatoointion. 

At forty, a barondcy, for fiirtlier diacoveriea in thn region of ann-a- 

I Ifw 



A.t (orty-fivv, winsnttinf> physician to half the gonty gentlemen of 
En^Ukd, and ini— ting an itnniencM (brtune. 


Wall, ai (ifiy, ia it not tim« that "tbo poor BeotHi Rtodont," now 
kanaOKi irnnt and fiuiiuiis and wealthy. Klinnld lonk nntiiiiil for Minio 
tafol pvincnvi bo *haiv bu hich nsiAb* witb him i Ho Iioh not hud 
tUM Ivliin! In think of aiirli iimt tr*n. f tnt wltal- is this nnw t Is it tftat 
vikraatafmi and !<»• ' ,,"",■,,*■, , ,, [,iid 

^^^^fata> vtMajn a ilnadly jaiiaont Ttxira M no Imaiittfnl priiicnw awatt* 
^^l^^li u^ban. Uo in alnn* among hk honoan. llicrD wiia onoo a 

^ WHITE winosj a TACirrnro romasoe. 

bmutilVil itfincatis — Iwniutiful-wjiilwi nnd terMier-eyed, if not ochvrwiae too 
lovolj — Awaiting him auaong the Weatero Seu; but tiial tiioe is mvt 
«nd ffone many u yiw itj^o. Tli« opixirtnnity hiw p*Med. Anbilios 
Cftllor] liim nway, iinil hn liA liftr; and Uio lut he *a.v of hw wiu vim 
he l«do good-hyp to the IK/ii^-d /Jotw:. 

What have we to do with thcua idia dretuns t Wc are gAfctxDg witba 
ught of lona vi])ag(> now; and tho stin in Khiiiing on thn grecni iibon^ 
and on the ruinn of the old cntliolnd, and on that white bouse jtiat shan 
the corn-^el'l t And m th«rp is no good nnchom^ about the ialBiid, 
ir» have to tiinke in for a little (reek on tlie> Mull si<te of the Sonnd, c&UnI 
Poltcrriv, or tlio Bull-holo; ond this creek m narrow, tortumia, asj 
shflllow ; nnd a yncht dnxwing eight fort of wntr liiui t^ hf ;riiid«d witi 
some cii'c\ini>.pt?clioii — exptwiidlj* if you go up to th*" inner harbour aborf 
tlie rock cnllcd the LitUo Boll. And no wn muko inqninee of John t£ 
Skye, who hiw not ho«n -with iir h«ro before. It is erOD hinted 1h«t if ba 
la not quite Mum of thi> chaTiucI, we might send Uie gig oror to looa Ibr 
John MaodoriAlH. who i.i nn rxcell^ut {jjlot. 

"John MiMxionnId I " exclaims John of Skye,whMK>pn)fe«rionel pridi 
hu heco wounded. "Will Jolm Mncdonald be dmog anything mod 
th»Ti T waas do mjsolf in tho Dull-hole — ay, la»t year — last ycur 1 «iB 
t«k my own mnack ont of the BiilMiole nt tlie norse end, knd fftrry MV 
low water, too; and her dt-ep-loaJedl Oh, yw, I will he knowing tl« 
Bu)l-hi)lfl thin many n year." 

And John of Slcye U* an ^ood im hia word. Fftvoiitvxl by a flood'ttji^ 
wt> sttiiil gfiitly iiilo the ijiifrf4|iientcil crw-k. boht^j^tliR greftt rocks trf* ltd 
grtuiite ; and &o exti-aonliuarily clenr i» tho water that, Ktiutding npnglit 
09 tJie deck, we can see the white sand of the bottom -with shoala if 
young Baitho dorlinK this way and that. Ami then just as we pet op{» 
Bite (VD openinij iti th« rocks, tliroHgh which we cau dvhcry the northm 
shoreg of limit, iiitd aliove th<}Re the blue peitk of the DulchmAn^ hWtf 
f^fxa tho anchor witli a ahott, quick ^u^h; her huid swingx round lo 
meet tho tide; tho H' kite Dove ia safe fixim all tbc winch tliab hloV. 
Now luwor nw&y tho gig, boj'K, and hoar tis over the blue waten oC tte 
Sound ! 

*' I iim really rtfraid to Iwjpn," Mary Avon auyv, a» w« rcmonstnlt 
with tier for not having touched n. cotour-tulw tancf^ iilio Ktarteil. " LIliiiIm, 
you know, I Boircely look on it thnt wc liare really set out yet- Thia it 
only a sort of nhakiiiij i-nnwlves into our places; I am only gettiiK 
acoustomed to the vnva vfnav cnhin now. 1 shall scaroely ODiuidertbat 

wn have j^tiirtcd on our rciil voyiiginR until " 

Ob, yen we know vpry wi-11. Until w« haregot Angus SniberUiid 
on Iioiu-hI. But what ulie really naid wjis, after slight hesitation : 

'* until wo set out for the Nortlium llfhridca," 

" Ay it's a good thing to feel nervous about beginning," aaj-a iio laiid. 
na the long sweep of the four oorsj hriu^it ua nearer and neai«r to the 
looa slicree. ; " J have often hoard Tom Gnlbmitli oay that to the jottsga 



men. Hb mys it a young mim i» over-o^infiJaat, ho'Ll como to notlitn;;. 
But ihcrv ytas n ffxn] one I once hcai'<l (inlbnuth tell about a youD{[ miui 
thut wns poiiUii at Tupbei-t — that's Tnrlxirt on Locli Fyiio, UiMAvDn. 
Ay, well, ho wm [jeQliii iiwav, ami he was putting in tie young lus of 
Hie bonne an a fiiih«--Iiiss ; aiid he nskfcl hnr if she could noti get n creel 
to strap oa her back, aa n bockgrouud for her heaJ, ye kuov, Well, snya 

Hero the fioreo hmmnLrof tho story begaD to bubble up in the I.«inr«i 
blusgrtj ayu. Wd wore all half laiiij-liuig ab-eady. It was impotiable 
to reiist the j:;Iow of ile%ht on i1il> Lriird's fftfto. 

" S»ys «bo — just OS pat as lunoponco — eaya ahe, ' iCii your ftin head 
Uint wuits a ctmI ! ' " 

Th« exploeioD vras inevitnble. The ronr of lauj^bter at this good oca 
vu M infvctitiiu thitt a ^ubduti] smtlo [tlnyed over Lho rti;;i;e<I fe.itures of 
iobsx of Skye. " Jl'i your airt Iirad that ycanU a crecli" tho Laird 
lang^ted, nnd laugbH Hgniii, until thn butt i]r«i[X!inLtc.Iy ttitj>[iive»oi) ttoumlii 
were aotn^Uiing like l«e} kwl ktt! Even Mary Atoq pretended to 

" I'bere was a real good one,'' says he, otviously ovetioyod to Iiare 
CO apprcdatire an audicnco, " tliat I mind nf i-f-nding in the Dnm'a 
IirviiniM«nces. It wna abont nu old leddy in Ediiibiirglx who inot in 
a shop a youn^ officer she tad ueen before. Ho wai: n tall young man, 
and sboeyed him from hc«d to hwl, imd anya nha— ha ! ha! — aays ahe, 
• Od, jft'rt ti lang lad ; God jt« yc </raef.' Dry — Tcry dry — wasn't it 1 
Tbore wa* nuil Imunmr in tb«t — a p.wky hnmoiir thnt people in the 
Soath cannot iind<Tr»t*tud ut nil. ' Of/,' «iys Hhe, ' ycVr a Uing lad : Ood 
grant ye grace.' Thci-c was a yreat iliilc of chnnicter in that." 

We wei-o dui-ft of it; but still we preferred the laird's stories 
about Tlomwdj. Wf inTaj-Iably likpd best tbo atories at which the Laird 
lougbed mwt — whether we qiuto understood their pnvky humonr or 

"Dr. SntherUnd haa a frreat many »ioriea about the HigUanderB," 
■•yi Miss Avon timidly ; " they are vory amusing." 

" Aa far AH I Imvo obsGrved," ronuukod tie Laird — for how could h« 
reliah tho notion of having a rival anccdote-moager on board 1— "ait far 
M I have ob*er\-wl, the Tligliltind chanwt^r 19 en'ii-ely witliont humour. 
Ay, t Iwivc hmnl Tom Otilbi-aith say tlmt verj' often, nnd he has boftn 
everywliere in Uw JlizhlaniU" 

" WeU, then," aaysi Alary Avon, with a i^iiiek wwmth of indication 
in her Gw*— how rapidly those jinfi dark ey(« ooidd change their exprca- 
aioD I — " I hofie Mr. fialhrsith knows more tiboiit< p:iiiiting th^n he known 
aboat the Highlanders ! 1 thought that anybody who knows anything 
knows that the Celtic nature in full of imagination, ami humour, and 
pathos, and portrj-; and tho Saxon — tho Saxon '. — it in his buHineMt to 
plod OT«r pIongbo<l fields, and bo m dull and commonplace na the ether 
animals he »eee therf I " 

13— S 





Gracipna goodness t — here irna a tempest! UmIaIciI iraaapeecJilMaj 
Car, iadwfl, nt tbis momMit vr« bQmi>«d uistiut tbe aMKcl ahoi-«« — t 
[it (o mj, tJw lasitiug-aliji of lont ; and had to Kcnuabla on tu the "big 
ttiHiML Tboa 'we valked ufi and \&it iho cotla^irea, ntiil threap Um 
potat<v-fi«l<I, and put tbe white ian, and s9 to the (lallowod ahrina and 
its gravM itf tlie Idn^ W» spnit the whole of the aftMUOon tbrae. 

Wbca wo gjot, bock to the yucht ntid to 'itnoor wv diHoovtred tliat 
frii>Qd hftd rUitwl iix in titir Nl«>nco, and ba<l Mt of hu largCMn 
him — luuliirllutDS aad vnllow-aiid-whilo paDsiea, atid wlwt uot — to 
DoUiuig of CrCdli uUk and crisp, d^li^H'til lettnou. Wv Uronk Ids twalth. 

Was it the fear of aonift oiim I'lreakiiif; lii "o our domnatir [hmoo that mado 
tliab Ltst evrniTiH Kinoiig tlic wtsUTti Uland:* ho lovaly to ua I We went 
otitin tlii>|^g after dinnftr; the lAird put forth lutteogiaM of dsMmetioo 
to eocomixuffi lli« uiDDcent lytha ; wo heard htm Jiinamui^ tJie " Haugfasi 
o' Cromdnlfi " in the Gilmra. Thfi woadorful g'ory uf tlutb evoiiof; !■ 
Ixwomft an int«ns(t oIiviv<Tr(«it ftjE^natthfl^ldnndfHmwnti nf tliit Bnn9et| 
the warm light ehiniuj; nioiig tlie red gnuiiu of wmtftm Mull. Tbon 
yellow loooQ loae ui the mutb — iuto the calm riolet-biuMl rault of tba 
beaveDB ; and iliere waa a Boldan (it« on tlio ripples and on the wet bladn 
of tbe oars ns nc lOWcd lack witli htiightcr and sngiug. 

King tiHtaral ring tlmtantJ 

Slid Ar, fit HiffVnitd trjiy nuv 
nat eT€ lAty cam to OmwM* / 

Ajid then, next moniing, we were up at five o'docif . If wn wen ' 
f going to have a tootli pullu], why uot have the little interi'icw uver at 
oncet Ea»t NVind wuuld ^>(* 'nnititig fur iia nt CiiatJv Onproy. 

Blow, Rofl weaterljr lMvi-;a^, thcit, aiid Ikmi' lu duwu hy l^n-pliort, 
and round thn gmnttn 'Rons — sliiiiiu^ all a [mIo rc«l iu the enrly dawn. 
And ln-.K b Ardidaaiah Point; and th(Mt>, tis iliu uionitu^ KiCnra 1>y, anj 
t!i(i Camaig jltcIiob, and then Lijc-h liny, *ud finally the lilue firlh of Jjoni.| 
Northward, now, and atiU northwBiJ — until, far away, the whito Iiouec 
shining amidst tho lint, and tlin fla;; fluttering in tho riimmnr air. TTavo 
thoy deacrict m, then 1 Or is the hunting liuixUiI in hoitour %>t gUMtJtt 
Tiie palu ch««k of ilnry Avuu tv!!a » Ulo a3 nlte du><:nc.t lti».t fur ei(;iintiJ 
' hat thiLt l» tto hiixiiu>i«t of ours. Ferhapa it is only of her uuvti? that 
Is thinking. 


Ouit New GcEsTs. 

BCUOLD, now I — tliift beautiful K^rdvn of Coetlfl Ouprvy all uLlaiV) in ttia 
^•nm — tiie roeev, pausiee, poppies, and what not bcwitdei-iui; our ejrtH 
the long looking lit' tho blue water ; and, in thv midst uf tbe bril- 



Uuit pimjfafr— jmi H WD hod fcwrod — tko ntakD I Ho did not Muny 
iiw»y at our upproiu-li, fw muUcm nw wool to ilo ; or nim liin horrrat 
lu»d. jld4 biak Th(> (Hct fai, ir« fotiDil him onmrortAttly iieaM iindir a 
J iO Upilm Mb, nMking. Hr row lutd rxplniivyl that h>> lind ntrollM u]^ 
bom the tlum tn nwait nor comtnt^. lie did not s6eia ta uotico thst 
Mu7 AvDD. ax glut comn akini;. harl tn vaUc alowl^, and vdh If^Nninj; on 

> ana of 0>^ Ijiinl. 

Ocminjy Dalura tiad not bemi bountiful U> tliis tall, spate ponion 
vbe bad oov «oid« lunoDe wt. At fint ia«ht fan Iiwkod nlmcmt like an 
klhtno— y* j«IIaw-whiu>, Al<M«t)y-civi[>|iod liond ; n certain i-nw npjiear- 
UK* of tfa»fiu)i^u if pn^Ctmi wwl' winrln luul (-linTnl th« tdciu ; and 
wak |fr«r «r<ea tliat Mwm<Hl to fear the liglit. Bui t]ie lUlfino look hud 
Dotiiing In do wit]i the pu^lint'ii jaw, and (hn broken nnno, and thi> 
geoamJ Imn^Dg kowI alwnt the moutJi. For the nat }[r. Hioetbtmt 
■■bmI deajtvcu of funking up fur tliOM iinpIeaMint foatum vhich iinttir« 
Ind bwtowMl npon hini by a stmljed air of mtf-poawnion. and hy an ex- 
trme ptmnon of dram, AJack nnd wcll-a-da/ ! tbeso laodablo oifortK 
v«n «f littl« avail, N'ataro'wav too stronf* for him, Tb« nwinmption of 
a hniciiiil and indilli>n<nt air was not quite in ooiisoitnn<t> writh the fenvt^ 
f/nj ejrcB ami tho hull-doft month : tint pmrtrsion of his cmtnmc nnlr garn 
htiB tim look of awell-dmaanlf^rooni.orn biitWgonoon ttio turf. Then! 
waa not luo^h f^tnfnl to the nght about Mr. Pi-Mlerrick Smf^thunit. 

»Bat w^rv WM to hate the man for being uglf T Dc«pit« hiii n>v facf^ 
Ke ni)j(bt hav9 the wliito sonl of an ai^l. And in fart wp knew al»o- 
'l«lDl]r nothtns aguniit hia priirste cbanurbor or priviitc mputation, ex- 
Mft that ba bad b(«n blackballod at n Lornlon ctul> in brgono dayx ; and 
, of that Utde cimunstaaco our woniftn-folk wore not awiir?. IIow- 
, thiTrairaa oo iknibt at nil Uint u ct^rtnin ooMnwet — apiiarvnt to ns 
«ki kDftw b«r wall— diamAtAriMd the miutniir of thLi amftli lady who 
t»o>w wrat u]i nad ahook luuida with him, iinil dwlnrcd — imbltuhingIy-~ 
^_^llwA abv waa no ttlail h« bad run np to tho Highlands. 
^P *Aad TOQ know," Naid mIic, with that (hanntug politmrna which ahe 
^^WfwUahow l'> i" 'i'iidhinii>«iririK> wi-m]>m[wriyintroiIuciw] to Imr, 

^yon know, V, [tt> that j-acht-inj; is niivh nn unocrt<un tbin^, i>no 

nvmr knowa wIipq ooo may gi>t back ; but if you onuld Bpara a few ilavR 
to talu> a mn with iib, ytni would are what' a cajiitaJ tuariuon- Mary hiui 
Iwcottr, uhl I am Httre it woiild \>« a gnti pifnmire (o us." 

Tbmr "illy Iirn- wordiL 8be nttetr*! Ibem without ibf Imst 

■ii{ 11. 81ir lookod bfaa stnd;;ht in tbu tuv^ wiUi Ukiho 

lii ai i i 'm , FDnliilin^ «y«8 of han: How oonid thn man toll tJiat 

wnhin^hltn atJnritbol 

And tl w»a iu nlmek th>it W6 wtutdd to bmr our dooiu prtmoum-nl. 

^ Y 'Li Intoletablo Jonah on hoaril ! 11ii> Kunlt^bt 

««sii - -L . - - - . -ii" bloB wrtit onl of tbo sky and ttti> mmw; tho 

wM WM EUlod wHIi gloain, and cU«o«. imd EtuA Wind t 

|i ^ |hM\ tteb, the taddm jay with which wn heard of our detivw- 



aiic« ! Surely it was not tlw nucoiai voice of Frederick Smetiient. but 

a sound ofauuunor bolU. 

"Oti,1)iaulc yoti," he caid,in Iih aHertO^ly huliffiveot ny ; "bnt 
tlic fuct u. I b»vu run tip to sko Mary only od • litUe nutter of btwincaa, 
mhI I miut got back at once. InilMi], I purpMO Iflttving by the DiU- 
awlly ctMuh in the sftcnoou. Tlinnk yoa nry muefa^ tliough ; porba{B 
some other time I may be umrc (urtunale." 

noT we hnd wroogod this poor mnn I We lutt«d bim no longer. 
On the fflontcary, great gi-ief was ex|a«BBed over bi« dRjmrtun.- ; and far 
was begged at leAsi to stay tliat ooir evening. No doiiM he had heard 
of PF. Angua Hntlicrlnod, who hnd mnile stich disooTericfi in llio nse of 
niuHthetics't Dr. tiutlierlimd wa« coming tiy tlie aiternnan •taamsr. 
Woold not hi> Btny and meet bUa at dtnttor ? 

Onr t«nn broke oiil afrcHh — nvtaphorionUy — wheo East Wind per- 
sisted in his intentioa ordflporture; but orconnw compulskm was ont a( 
t-be qucEtiDa. And to wv nUow«d hini to go into tbe botuc^ to have that 
biudnaiB iDt«rTicw with bis niece. 

" A poor ci-ayture I " mmiu-kol the laii-d cnnfidontly, forgettin); that 
bo wii» talking of a friend of ours. " Why docs be not vptmk out like 
ft man, instead of drawling iind ilawdlingl His accent is jiot insuSar- 

" And wltat buftinosit con hf have with iltiry ? " sayj) our sovereign 
lady sharply — .iut4 as if a man witli a raw aktn and yellow-whito hair 
must neopwHuily tfo a jnckpocket, " He was tho trimtco of that Utile 
fortune of bers. I know ; but that is all over. She got the mnney vhm 
abo canw of age. Wliat can be want to see her about novt" 

We coDccmed oursoltta not with that. It was enough for tu that 
the KOakc was about tu retreat fVotii our eiimni^i- paradise of bis own 
fn« will and pl(tuun>. And Angus SiiUiorland was combif; ; and the 
provisioning of the yncbt hnd to be sean to ; Cor lo-morrow — 1o-R>nrrow 
we spread oui* w-hita wIogH sfcaia and tal[» flight to tlio for north 1 

Kover was |HU-Lin^ guest ao warmly spe«led. Wo cxmcealed our 
tesr^ OS the coacb rolled away. We waved a hand to him. And then, 
when it was sofgeated that the waggonette Hut had brought Mary Avcn 
down from Castle 0*pn,j might just as well go along to tbo ({uay — for 
tko steamer hringioK iDr. Sutherland would be iu idiortly — and whan 
w« Hclonlly did wt out in that ditootion, there wa« mo littk- ^ef nu our 
fa«CH that you could not hnv^ told we bod been bidding fa»i>w«Ii to a 
valoed Mend and relative. 

Now if oar good-hGarted Laird hod had a grain of >C(Uou^ in bis 
naturo, ho might well have resented the manner in wl^cb these tw« 
women spoke of the at^ronching giu^.. In their talk the word "be" 
mcAni only one peraoD. " lie " was sure to come by this ateoiaer. " He " 
was so punctual in his ongngementa. Would he bring a gun w a rod ; 
or would the sailing be enough amuiemeni for himl What a capital 
thing it wa* for bim to be able to take an intfrot in some suth oat^< 

door mmtoMt^ u a diittnurtion to tbe mini) I And ea fortb, and so rorth. 
Hm L«inl twftnl alt thw, aqiI liia oxpecUtions were no doabt rising und 
rini^. F^ff^oUy of luitdi3»pi«natinetit on Srat seeing M&17 Avon, lie -A-ns 
in all lifc«li]iODd ercating nn imnginnrj- figure of Angui; Sutherltiud — and, 
ot ooone, Hum marvd of erudition and IntolWtual poner must "bo a tall. 
Wan, pale pcnuo, vitK tiio tntvnil of tbitJrioft ^rhttcti in Unce across tbe 
i|»doti8 brow. The Imied was not awftre ihat for many a day nfUtr we 
ftnt mmia the acquaintance of the young Scotch Rtndeat he was genernJI)'' 
lafcinj to in 0«r priv«t« oonTereAtinn as " Brow." 

And, indeadftbn Ijtird did nitre coondtirably when Iw saw — «11ww{iif* 
Us way thnnigb tb» crowd and making: for ob with ji taugh of welcome 
on the fradi-fiolooTvd 6u» — a atoat-eet, mnsoulAr, blats^ed, Mndy-hairftd, 
good-lmraoiired' looking, youngiiih man; who, instead df having anytliing 
CMtio about ht» ^iitnainnce, might hare been taken for the tan of a 
Mmtli'VOtmlTT fiinnpT. Our younjc; Doctor wn-s carrying his own port* 
■Uknteaa, and aturdily nhoWng hia way through the porleni who would 
tain bare eriKed it. 

" I Am glad to ceo you, Angns," mud our (|necn rogcnt, holding out 
bm* band ; and thpro was no ceretnonial politetieu in that reception — but 
yoa ■beold bkvo wea the look in ber fryea. 
Then he w«iit on tn thn wagigonotte. 

" How (Inyou do, Mi*fi Avon?" saiil he, ijiiitc timidly, Iiknn school- 
bey. He Kaivoly glanced up at l>er fture, which wu i«garding bim with 
• Twy plfanast welcome ; be aeetned t«Ji«ved when ho had to ttini ami 
acne hia pottmantean again. Knowing that he wan rather fond of 
driTini;, oar mistrcR) nnti admiml-iiichiprofTurcil him tho reina, hut h« 
doeUited the honour 1 >Iar\' Atoh waa Kitting in front. " Oh, no, thank 
you," mill be <)uit« hsatily. and with Miucthing uDcommonly Uko a 
falBah. llin lAird. if bo bad beeii entennining any feeling of jmlotny, 
moik Imto been t«uiBure<). Tliis Doctor-fdlow wan no fonnidable rival. 
Be tfok* wry little — be only li«l*nod —a* we drOTe away to Cwtle Oeprey. 
Mary Avon waa chatting bri»k1y and cheerfully, and it wba to the Laird 
ibatahe addiwecd that running lire of nonsciue and merry laughter. 

Bat the yonng Doctor was greatly concnmMl when, on our arrival *t 
Castle OKpniy, ho aaw Blary Avon helped down witli much care, and 
houd tin alory of tlio aprain. 

" Who buulngea your anklet " aaid he at oni«, and without any «by- 

** I do it myadf," «aid bIk* eheerfidly. " I nan do it well enough." 
" Oh, no, you rannot I *' he ahritirtlr ; "a person sU»]iing cannot. 
lite handagn xhonld he an tight, and ok amooth, oa the akin of a dnini. 
Too matt let ■oow one elee do that for you." 

And be was dlqwend to reaBSt thix walking alraiil in the gu-don 
biftm ^finiier. ^Vhat boatnta had aho to tritlu with nudi a iwrionH 
marter W » iprain t And a ifnun whieh waa the rooall of an older 
ifKnia. "Md ihewiab to be buno for life t" be asked abarply. 



wniTB vnieBt a tachtwo tomakcb. 

oluti- I 

Hfei7 Atoh Uuj^ted, ftod Mud tiuA worM tlunga than ihiti hiwl fa^ 
flUlfia pnpliL Ha uketl Iter whetlta* rHb fbond anj* p)Maim> in volun- 
tary martjrdom ; «h« lliuhcd a littk, ftnd iumed to tbo liurd, 

Tb« Lurd wm At thU raonent UyioK bcfoiv u» Uie detaUs of a 
gigautia Rchenie. 1 1 a|>peiir«(l tluit tlut iiihahitAitt* of StraUifpivan, 
flontent vitli n atoun fire-engiiMi, were laUuue itbont Ivtrinf; a fmblic 
park — actually propooing to have a palttto park, with L«<1« of Bowtir% 
and iron aokta ; aikI, Co crown all, a gTinnuium. wliere tbo jrouthsof tin 
Doighbaurliood might twirl tiietoanlTea oa thejETA? trap^w totWirlioarta' 
oofrteot. Awl wImm> tli« mtbecriptione wm« to come from ; nnd vhai 
WBro tlH.^ hardloit [>lanta for Iwnlvm ; aoil wbcth*.-!- tlui jtrmiuuium sbould 
bo furuiftbed with roput or with clioitu — tiieiM uuitlom woro veighittg 
hMvil^on the mind of our good d-iond of Deony-BiniUL Angus Sutiiar- 
land relapsed into alleace. and gMcd afaranlly at a ta«o4iadiBia iJiat 
Mood by. 

"It U a bmutifnl tmn, in it nott"aaid*& votoe beside hia — that 
of our roidgn-Hke eisi>rt(«. 

Uc started. 

*' Ob, yes," he aatd cheerfully. " I wua tluDkiBg I aboold like to live 
the lifo of a ti-ce liko that, dying in tint ytmUn:, you koovr, and Iwing 
quite imprrvious to froKt, mid snow, and hard weatbor; and tliDtt, aa mmb 
as thtt &M warm >pring aud Binamer came round, ooiiimi; U> life again 
and qmading j-ounielf out to feel all the soolight and the vrartu windK 
TluLt muHt bo a ca[rital Ufa" 

"But do you really think tbcy cnn foot tliati Why, you maM 
hftUeve thai tkose treea and flowers are aliv« I " 

"Doos anybody tloultt itt " said be qniUt Bimply. " They are oer> 
lainlyalivo. Why " 

And h«r« ho >Miihonf[ht hiniMlf for a moment. 

" If I oiUy hnd a good micro«oope now," utid he eagerly, ** 1 woukl 
fibow yon the liffi uf a plant dirvcily— in OYvnr call uf it : did you iif riT 
too Urn cowitant lifo in p««h rail — tbo motion of the daraphyll granole* 
circling and circling night and dayt Did no one erer abow von 
that J" 

Well, no one bail evtr alwwa ui tbatu Viv may now and again 
have entertoinctl anxuls unairarca; but wo vcrc not alwaya sbnrabling 
against Follows of the Royal Socioty. 

" Then 1 miiHt borrow onu soniuwhcre," said be dmirively, " and sLow 
yon the aecrot lile of even the buuMast pfamt tint exwta. And tlkcn 
look what a long lifb it is, in the cam of tha pea-vnoUl pl»nta. Did you 
ever think of tiiat t Tliow* gratt Itww Ui tlio Yoaonitc ralloy— thry 
von alive and feeling tlie warm suuliglii and the winds abuiit filmu 
whon AliV«] wiu hiding in ihe raandtm ; and they wore livins^ the eitu» 
undiittnrlin) HfowltiGii OhnrieB llw f1r*t Itad biii hnul choppiid off; and 
Uiey wun< bv-in^ — in {«7t<.'i> nwl (|iii(>tno«B — wbcn nil Kniiipo bad to mika 
np to stauip out th«i Napoleonic |itst ; and they arenlhn now and i|d{|* 



cardosa of the Ultlo crenttires Uiat come to iij»rL out their circnmf(>renoe, 
and iicktt thea, anJ t^vo tltem ridivuloue name«. Had 0117 of tbo 
pfttrtArdu a life an Iohj; iw i>iAt T " 

Tbe I«ird ay«d tbU yuiiii^ man lutkant^p. Thftra wa» Kometliing ii&> 
cuatf sboui liim. "What iiiifrltt uot lie hay vhen — in Uio iiortli«t-n 
Hol)ta<led to vhisli vo wore going — tiio great Sample beioiy-casA wns 
brought OIL for i:1iw;i])»ion ? 

But nt (liiuiGr tlxe Likird got on very well irith our new gucet ; Tor tli« 
lAtt«r IL'ttpned meet respectfully wbeu Dnmijr-matiis was decDaQBtra.tiQg 
tlie axoeeding puritj*, and strciifcUi, and fitness of the apcccli tiSRcI in the 
uouth of ScoUood. And indeed th« Laird vras gettoroiis. Ho tulmittod 
that thece vera blemistiiw. Ho di'[)rciTntc<l tlm introductton uf French 
words ; and gave iis n iniiuli longer liM of those nlEt^H thiui uHuiilly 
appean in IxKiks. What nbout cvnjci, nui ijut-vnt, and /racato tn xusod 
hy 8culch eliildn^ra luid old wives? 

Tlien after ditinor — at nins o'clock the wonderful glow of the snmtnor 
erening was Btill filling the drftwiiij^-room — tho Luii-d tnuat needa \mv» 
Alary Avon sing to liim. It was not a cuHtom of hem. Sha rarely 
would dint; a»oDf(of HOt piirpoKO. The liiinpt HiofsTi all day — when ynu 
do not watch hei- ; but she will not nnfr if yon ko and nek. 

Howevar, 00 this occasion, h«r host<sa went to Iho piano, and sat 
down to play tho nii'ouiiianiineiit ; ninl ~Hiaj Avon stooil hotidu liirr, luid 
sang, lu mth<^ a low vaicr —but it was t<«nd*r enough — somo mwlei-n 
v«r«)on of tht! old lallsid of tha Queen's Marias. What were the wordit I 
These were of tteui, anyway ; — 

Ytatnea IAcQiimu kadjonr Markt; 
TXu niffit dtiin *ar but t/irrr : 
'Skrr* war Mart] llralnH, ciiwf Mary Swtmi, 
And Stiuy Ca-rmieAact, anJ mi. 

}ut indeed, if you had seen that gmcefal aiim figiiro — dad all ia hh^k 

Ivet, with the hronat lutud of gold fiini(n I'ound thn ueck— and the amitll, 

ly, smoothly-hniBhcd head aliove the soft hwntlies of while niuidin — 

[iand if you had CNU;;hl n glimpse of tho blark eyelashes di'oojiiiig oiitwtu'd 

Iftom the curve of the [Mila oliewlc — and if you had heard the tondor, low 

rof Mary Aron, jou might bavu forgottuii aLont Ilia Queen's Mnrics 

And then Dr. ^iithorlniid : the I^inl wu^ determined — in tnio 
Sootcb faahiou — that evci-ybody who could not aing should be goaded to 

" Oil, wetl," wild the young man. with a laugh, *' yon know a student 
'in QcmuiDy must sing whether he uui or not, And I learned thci-e to 
gmaah out Roinothing like hu accompaniment also." 

And lie went to tho piano without more ndo, and did xma«lt out an 

tHCominniment. And if lii» voico was mUmr harslt 1 — well, we should 

^L have billed it raucotia iu tb9 caao of Kast Wind, but we only oallod it 




maolj and atreoaous vhen it tna Angu Satlierlsnd who nn^ 
And it -was s manlr Bong, too— a fitting song for our last night cm 
shore, the words hailing from the green woods of Fmnary, the ur u 
air that had manj: a time been heard among the western seas. It vat 
the song of the Biorlion * that he Bang to ns; we coold hear the him 
chorus and the splash of the long oars : — 

.S- nrf lif hioriin n on earferiHg ! 
Chffrihi and ail iogtther — 

Ho, rti, etantmen ! 
A lonp, ttrtmg pull toijetlier — 

Ho, ro, clauamat! 

Oirr her vtiy and fioa kfr Kote 

'Afid ahovrring tpray and atrlinff eddiea — 

Jb, TO, eiantmen! 
A long, rtrt'iig puU logelker — 

Ho. ro, danamen ! 

Do we not hear now the measured stroko in the darkiesB of lis morn- 
ing } The water springs from her hows ; one \sj one the headhtndi >n 
passed. But lo ! the day is breaking ; the dawn will siinSy bring i 
breeze with it ; and then the sail of the gallant craft will bear herom 
the seas ; — 

AxofhfT eieK; our 1»U apptan! 

Out bwrlinn heart her on the fatler — 
Ha. ro, clantmtn ! 

A l-mg. ftrong pull togflhfr — 
Ho, ro, i^angmfn .' 

Ahfnii the ffoee .' the land the knomt ! 
Bfhiild : ihf mow;/ thorn of Caitna — 

Hj, ro, clanmnm ! 
A long, rfrong pull togfther-— 

Hi; ro, danemm .' 

A long, Btrong pull together indeed : who could resist joiniog in tte 
thunder of the chorus 1 And wo were boond for Canna^ too : tfiis m 
our last night on shore. 

Our last night on shore. In such circumataoces one natiumlly hu > 
gknce round at the people with whom one is to be brought info mA 
close contact for many and many a day. But in this partacalar euB, 
what was the use of speculating, or grumbling, or remonstntiDg I 
There is a certain household that is ruled with a rod of iron. Aadif tlit 
mistress of that household chose to select as her summer companknsa 
"shilpit bit thing," and a hard-headed, ambitious Sootdi stoi^nt, sad a 
parochial magnate haunted by a heresy-case, how dared me olgtetl 
There is such a thing as peace and quietness. 

* BioHinn — that i^ a roving-boat. Tho woid is prononneed igitHtm, Hh wa^ 
whiohin a mearare imitates the Tlijthm pMniJiar to Highland potbj—coi^lttvba 
certain rapetition of the same rowel loiindB — it tha |)rodiictio?> of I^. Tf|if!inil. d 

WHrtE wnioa: a yaohtisq bom.\nce. 


But hoverer laprAmuIng tho ontlook mifiht be, do vo not knov tho 
noHrk lint b usuaJlj nutdc hy thnt lianl-worlceil officer, tlH> chinfnutte, 
what, oo the <m> of n vopig(>, be fiiidti himself confronts) lij* an iintismlly 
Boti^TsI cTBVt He reguits tbosa loafers and outisasts — tram tlie 
BowftTT, and BAtclUTa nighwajr, «d<I tbo Droonuolnir — Greeks, DittKcn, 
mad Mexicniis — with ■ eritaoJ anJ perlwpa aoomfal air, And forUiwith 
proonda lo atUlreea tli«m in ih» following htglily jK>liKii»l maikiim- : — 

** B^ etea1eni-«taitoTm, 70a nre nn eU«t«rn«d nim-tooking lot; hiit 
rtrrirri ntrntfim mtifJ don't iiek you into thapf hrfvn in gft tc Hie." 

And ao — good-nigtit I — and !« all good people ptay for fair akica anil 
■ fitToanog bnne ! And if there in any song to Ve bc«rd in out rlrcamx, 
IM il b* Um foog of the Queen's Blariea — in the loir, tender Toice of Mary 
Atob: — 

7Vr« m» Mary Btmiom, and Mary St*t«m, 
And Mary Carmviatl, «m{ ou. 


Wl baTB liidikn good-bjre to tlio land ; the woods and tho green bill* 
have become jmie in the biue of th« eiimnii.-r li^jht ; ve ore out berc, 
aloDO, on the sbituog hlna plaiii. And if our joung Doctor hetmj's a 
tandeec; to kMp forward — oonvetsiDR with John of Skyo ttbout blocks, 

Mocna. A»i]b«r«,flortliebBHlltofaiiy OBcwbomisiUiurh tbitigtritaroajdi dnUi 
tf lb* air, amafpi by a moit cbartung jinxtg ladf, vbo, bownrer. laji sbs trmilil 
■aeb nthn die iluui havo hn naaio nMtiiuwd :— 



nnd tocklR, and vinchoe ; and if tho IjiinI— wlioso pumtal cu« mod 
gard for TUarj Avon iit becomiiig benatifiil to bw — -ahouJd liavo quite s 
tnooopoly of thd jrotm;; Indy, and bo nioro bt!nt Lbau ent on amamsg 
her with his " good oooa : " and if our queen aiid goTcntor abould ipoMl 
a larite portiun of bor time lidcnr, ia deomiUng cvibinA wiUi fknren. in 
ovitrhniiHTij; mvp'^n.-, and m aanalL coniiultBtion with Moeter Fred aliont 
c«Ham piilinarr tiiyi[t«n<>K; iiotwitbutanding all time (Uw^gQucea d plaM 
and oocapatJdD, our little kingdom afloat b oomrAol MMOgb. There ia, 
ajwnja. for (ucampln, & ruiwHiibUng at raeala. Thm« is aat inatant eon- 
mnuitr of intcfeaC vhen a Kidden cry calla nil Imnda nn deck to regard 
some Dew iliing — tlte spontuig of a whnle or iha tUmj eplaabing of a 
duMl of niaekerel. But now — tml itow — if ouly some claiid-oam|)eUtBg 
Jove would break this iosulTcniUy Rati weatJicr, and gire ns a tearing 

It is ft Htmnge littln kingdom. Tt bait no postal (service. Shilling 
telognuui are unkiiown in it ; there i» no aewvp^xir at breakbsi 
nttMve MO no Itarrcl-orgruia ; nor rattling hansoms nusing ihe dast ia 
windy RtxeAtfl ; there ia no afternoon scandal ; overheated rooinfi at mid* 
night are a thing of the past. Sorono, indcpeDdont, splf-centml, ii uiindft 
its own HlIaitB ; if tho wKoIe of Enropo Wfiro roaring fur wm-, not eren 
an echo of tho crjr would ruach ua. Wo only hear the soft calling of the 
soo-Wda as wv at oud road, or talk, or smoke; from time to tim« 
watching tJie ehadowB move on th» blistoriug hot deeks, or ^easing at 
tliti names of the blue motmtunH that riae nbovo Loch Ktire and LochalNS'. 
Jlnt oh ! for tli(» KwifV ^"ilo to t«ar this calm to pieoea • Is tliere no tmfi 
of you fpnots Mvr«t]y brewing a atorm for oa, far op tli<<re among the 
louelr chuKinM. to Kpriui; down on theao glamy seanT 

" 'llif^ pmyiMi for rain in the chiircbm lant Bonday — bo Captain John 
«iy«," Mary Avon ramarks, wlrnn wo aoMmble together at lundi. 

"The distil lerieRnn> stopped: that's rcnr aeriooB," coatinooa tho Laird. 
•'W«U,"Baj*B t^ieen T., "pwple talk about the nun in the Woat 
Highlanda. It mnsb bo tnie, aa ovcn7b€Mlr saya it Ih tnic But now — 
Oxoopbing the jTCorwc wont to America with isytvia Balfuur — wo have 
Imcn hero for five yeani niuniiii; ; and eadi year we made up our mind 
for a duhi)^- — thinking we had ileaerved it, you know. AVell, it never 
oame. Lwk at this now." 

And tlio faet was that we ware lying modonlatu on the amonth 
boHOni of th« Atlantic, witli tlie gun bo hot on the derkn that^ we wert: 
gUd to get below. 

" Vftty atilKige — very Btrongp, indeed," rCinftjkwl the Luinj, witb a 
profoiiud air, "Now what mine am wo bi |>iit on any hifitririral nvi- 
donoo if we find snch a conflirt of testimony nlwiit what is at onr iiwn 
doQfnt Uow abotild tliere be two ojieomous uliout tlui weallwo* iu ibe 
Wcat niiihlandal It in a mat^ of oomiaOQ exjkerieQce — dear me ! 1 
never heard thi? like." 

" Ob, but I think we might (117 to reooncilo tltoeo diverw opiiJotia t" 





■iM An^M SotliM-lniiii, -with nxi ftlntolulc gti»\ity. " Toa bear mo«tiy 
Ibf nNii}iUiiit» or Ijonilim pcoplo, wbfi mnlcc mttch of h pnmiii); ttliower. 
Thtm iht toumt ui'l Ii'}|i<l»r folic, «epeciiillv frona tlio^utli.coine in tlic 
■atmnti, vlwo tbe fine rnimmttr wmtber baa broken. And tJien," he 
■diU, KUnnmRg; biiosrlf iritk a frank amilc to the smaii creBtiirfi who 
had Iweo «]i[w«airing b«r wunder ov«r th« fine wMlker, " i>orh*|39, if yon 
nv pI«HBd with your holiday on the wliole, yon Hre not anxiouB 
la TflBmbcr l]ii^ wet days i aii<] tlipn you aro not afraiil nf a sbowor, I 
know ; Mid bmldrs thiU, wh«n od« is yaohting, on« is more Ruxioiui for 
tlian fur fine WKittii-r." 

Ob. I un tMxv tbnt u HI" called out Mary Anm quite eagerly. 
did not caro liov »htt iltwtroycd tbn lAtnrti convtc!tioti» nbont the 
Taloe of hifetoHai] evidenca ""niab Ik an explatiatioo of Uie whole 

At this, our young Doctor — who tuul linen profi-ivting to treat this 
nwttor nrioiuly m»tn>ly im a joke — quickly lowcmd his eyes. Ke ncarcely 
«vvr looked \T«7 Avnu in tha fnoe «rhoii »hf^ spoke to liim, or when he 
had lo Kpaalc to tier. And a little bit of nhy emhamuHinent in his manner 
tmntnb bor — pcircctval>le only at times — mis all the tnoro singular in 
a ■•& wfao vua dhwwd and hard-headed ifiboiigh, who luul knocked a}>out 
thB vorkt anil noi many penonM and things, and who had a &ir nmoont 
of tuavKUDing Mclf-ooDBdcoce, mingled with a vein of sly and n'tiwnt 
haBOor. Ho ulked frwty onoiigh when be wm addronilRg our ndoiiral- 
io«liie£ He waa not afraid to meet A*r cyca. Imtnefl. they were ao 
baaUar friends that ahe called bim hy hb Chriatian namo — a ptaetioc 
vUdi in gnnetul sfao detested. But sbo wonid aa nonn bavetlioogtit of 
■pfdytni; *" Mr." to ono of bar ovn boys at Rpaom Ci^legc as to Angnn 

** WHJ, you know, Angtu," «iyH tihe |>l«asantly, "yon luivo defiuitvly 
pfoaiiBl tu f^ up Ui ihif Outer Ht>)<tid«<i with tu, luitl liMk. TLl' loiig<.-r 
tbe ealUM but, th« lnii|;>*r vp xhall hixvc^ you. So vr<i &hnll ghully put »p 
with tbw fine wnither." 

"lia very kind of you U> nny no; tnil 1 have alrandy had aueb m 
bag boUday " 

••Obi" Bid Mary Aron, «-ith bereyee ftlll of wonder and indign&> 
tiou. She waa too suiiiri^l to any any more. She only stared at bim. 
tSn kBM he had boeu workio)^ uight ami day in Kdinbm^ 

••I nean," mid ' ' ' ' ' inj^dowu, " 1 haw Ijwn away no 

loMg hum IjAi)*!^!' . . : ii;; nitber aiutious alfoiit my ue:(t 

BBiith'a numla'r ; liul 1 uekily, jiuit ixi'oni I lidt 1-Miiihurgh, a kind IVietid 
amA mc a nwat viUuable paper, eo 1 am C|uite at ease again. Would you 
UhB lo nad it, nr t It is ant np in tyjw." 

Ha took the aheeU Imm bin [HMrkoc, and bnndMl tlfui to tbe IaitcL 
bmttvf-miuia loukiil at the titlf. It was O't 0"- J!'^lU>Utriiim *{/' UWf 
Cwni JilmMur«a, and it' was the production of a well-known yniamae. 
Tbe laird banded laek ibo \'m\KT without openlog it. 




" Ko, Uiank you," uid lis, witJi Bomo dignity. " If I viihod 
inKtmctod, I would like & safer galAtt than that man." 

We lookod H-ith difiuuiy ou this dangerous tbtng that hud 
brou^bt ou bo(ir(1 : inighb it not ea^tloda and blow up the ahipl 

" Why," Mkid our Doctor, in tuufTccted wooder, and Mttirdy mtstAk- 
in; \\i(i Turd's excliiuinUon, " he is a jwrfecl mAEt«r of Us mhjoct." 

" Th«ro is n great deal too mucii RpocuUtiou now-a-days on thetu) 
mattan, anti partAccularly uaong Lbs jootig/br men," Tcmarlced Ui« Ijurd 
•Pvoi-ely. Aitd b« looked al Aii|^ Sutberliind. " I (tuiiiMwe now yo are 
w«ll A<H|uaiiit«il with tlie !'«%« of Orr^Uion'i" 

"l havo beanl of th« book," aaid BroM — r«gT«tfnUy Mnfcasmg 
ignorancp, "b»it I never hapi«iiml to see it" 
Tbo Lurd'A oouuteuauce lighteuoJ. 
" So nacfa the better — «o mxith tb« bett«r. A mott miscbievotui and 
unsettling book, Bot all the harm it caii do in oomiteractad hy a nobI» 
work — a concltniTe work that learM nothing to be nid. Yo bavo read 
tlio TeHitMMy ^ lM« Sotkt, no doubt t " 

" Oh, yes, certainly," our Doctor was glad to be able to ssy; " but — 
but it was ft long time %gi> — when I was a boy, in fact." 

" Boy, OP mau, youll f^ no bettor book on Uio history of the earth. 
I tvll y«. nir, I iievor ruod a book that plaon! stii'h firm coDvictioti in 
tuy niiud. Will yo K«t any of Uto n«w men Ihcy iir« talking alwut m 
kMD an observer and as Akilfiil in arguing as Hugh Millarl No, 
not otto of them darea to try to uiiset the TtHimfnty oflh* Jlocit." 

Aagua Siithci-liuid apjicqUcd Sj^inet tliia eentontv of finality only in a 
*«ry bujnblH way. 

"Of couree, sdr," said he meekly, "yoa know that Kcicnoc la sUIl 

moving forward " 

" Science I " i«()i.<nt«d tho Lnird. " Scjeum naj be moving forward or 
moving backwsnl; but can it itpsot Uio facta of tlio earth T SotODOO 
nay uy what it lik» ; but the fActa remain tba same." 

>'ow thU point was no conclnsiro tliat we annninuxuly hailed tho 
Laird as lictor. Oar yonng Doctor snbmittod with an excellent good 
humour, Hcrven promised to post thiit paper on tho Kndiolariniui at the 
very first t^ce we might reach : wo did not want any such Mplosire 
eompoandii on board. 

That uighb wo ouly got a« Tar as Fishnish Bay — a soliLiiy little bar- 
hour probably down on but ti-v maiie ; and that we had to rem^ by 
getting out tho gig for a tow. Thf>n> was a atrango bronxo-rod in th* 
northern skitn, loiig after the icun had set ; but in here the shulov nf 
Um great nouataini) wan on tbe wat«r. We could acaroely see tbn gig; 
bot An^R Stith^rlimd had jotnod the men and was pulling stroke ; and 
along with tlie measured splash of the oam, we litard something aboaC 
" Jfo, ro, eianamen/" Then, tu the cool niirht lor, there was a slight 
fragmnoo of peat-Hnoki> ; wo knew we were gfclting nmp the idiova. 

" He's & fine fellow, thnt^" nays tlie laird, goiwrounly, of lua dtftaled 




nsta^etiaL " A fine lellov- Hu knowledge of diSerent things in 
juMt rcmwlcBUe; ami he's aa modeHt ng a girl. Ay, aatl he can row, 
loo ; ■ vbile a^ "whea it voa lighter, I couUl aee liiin ))iit hia shooldora 
into tL Aj, he's a finn, ^oo^naturMi fellow, luid I atu glud ho Uaa not 
bMD led D«Umj bjr ihal mischievous Ixiok, the Veiliycf v/ Crtation." 
I Cotne on board, nov, bo)^! wid awing up tho gi^f to the dnviu 
T^nlm *"*"*—« of cliain X — nwny vriih li»r tliui ! — and th«ra i» a roar In 
ihm mhoao of the londy little hay. And thenuftor silence; and Uin 
•vcftl frifran^a of th« peat in the ni^bt air, and th« appeamnce, above 
tb» bkck hilla, of a elnir, ahiuiog, golden planet that ReudH n ijiiivering 
li&a of Uj^lit acnxn Llie water to tie. And, once tnoro, guod-nijgLt and 
plauant dreams t 

bat what IB tbis in the morning I There bare been no pleasant 
drtMU for JtAa of Skyc and his marry men during the Inat m]{Iit ; foi' . 
lMn« we are already bot veen Alingru-y Bay and KU'Da-Oaul liglithouso ; 
aad faofore an b the o|K!n Atlantic, blue under the fiiir skies of the mom- 
ing. And hoco is l>r. Hutherhuid, at the tiller, with a 6as;):ciou8ly 
Wf^igeBt lodk about hia hair and shirlnxillai-. 

** I Iwve been op alnoe four " says he, witli o Uugb. " I bcflrd them 
giUiDgapJCT weigh, and did not wiah to nuii anything. YoukuowUi«w 
|ilaeei are not n Ekmiluu' to me as tbef iir« to JVU." 
" Is there going to Im any wind to-day, Jahn I ' 
**Xo mkh," nya John of Hkye, looking at the clondlen bine vault 
nb(rva and the glany Kweeps of the ma. 

Kevntbdess, «• the momiii); goeti by, ve get as much of a breete as 
Mtsiilnna to draw away from tlu> miduland — round ArdnamuRhan (**tfae 
bmdUnd of the gnat tea ") and out Into the open — with Muiok Taliuid, and 
the alinrp tScair of £igg> and the posks of Rum lying over there on the 
•till Atlaadc, and fSu away in the north tlie vast and spvrtml mountains 

Aad tww tlia work of the day b^^ Mary Avon, for mere shame's 
mke. in at lu«t compelled to j^nMluce one of hvr blank caninutRs and opco 
hxr box of tuhefl. And now it would appear that Angux Htithra-land— 
though di!|irired of tlie authority of the lUck room — is bi^iiBing to lost 
fail laar of tho Rngltah young I&dy. He makes himself useful — not with 
tba aUhomttf anil {Mtronifling «>urt«y of the Laird, but in a mm of snb~ 
tainra^ maltOHjf-fiiot Rliifty fnahlon. He sbeathcs the spikrs of her 
Said with cork so that they ahnU not nuuk the deck. He rigs op, to 
CDStlerbahutos thatlaak of stability, a piemof cord with a heavyweight 
Then, with tlio <«sel Sxed, he fetches hrra dcck-chiur to mt in, imil o 
deek-«t«oI for bcr colours, and Uil-m and her he plaoea under the In ot 
the forwoul, to be out of the glare of the mm. Thus our artist is 
■lartad ; she U going to make a nketdi of the aftet^part of the yoiiht 
with Hector of Moidart at the tiller : beyond, the calm blue seas, and a 
Etlnl promoubary of land. 

ThoD tJifl Laird — baring (XpuGdonUally remarked to Miss Avon that 



Tom Galbinith, Ibaa wbom tliciro is no iji-fiilpr nuttiorily living, inviimUy 
BioiBteDS U)o Ovaii oww witli uii^ilp ti«fui-r W^iuain^ wmk^liis 
tumeil to Ui« lABt rejxtrt of Uie S-mple case. 

" Ho, no," says he to our sovereign lad;, who u «ngag»l in some mjv- 
flterious work in wool, " it (loess not loolc wvU for tha Frest>ylorT to gn 
oT«r every one of thft ohArj^cs io the tnajor pivip<>sr<>tii>n — snpport^'l hy 
tliw uvonuuutK ill the miuor— only to diul tht-iu irrvlevaiit; and tbm 
bnng home to him tie |«rt of iho libul that tkalB with tentkiicy. No* 
bo; that shoWK a Urotnitahle wuDt of ]>ar]KiH>. In view of tlte grwt 
dan^r to he ap[>reheu<Ied fi-ora tbeae wcreC uuutulbi on Hm iwpii%tioii of 
tJic twiiptures, they shoiiKl have stuck to each oharge with ten&bcity. 
Now, I will juBt show yo whore Dr. Csruogie, in defeading A'ecurulo— 
iUustmtud m it wu with Uio cxUaota mad mvantaaiB in tho minor — let 
tl>o whole thing »li{> through hia fiagew." 

litit if any one won disjKwed to bo a))Hi)ut«ly idio on tliis oiliu, ahin- 
ing, beautiful Amy — &r aw«j fruui iIia carat uid lalxHim of tho land f 
Dot on thfi taSrail, under shndow of the mizcoi, thnjni is n acht th&C i» 
gratefully cool. The glare of the aea no kuigor bowilileni Ute eym ; one 
can w&tdi with a \axy QnjoTiucnt iho to>it}ing life of the o}ien Atlantic 
Ihe gnat hkiiit« go whizzing by, lung-nwkod, ra|iiil of llight. Tha gna- 
ueta poise in the air, and then there is iv sadden dart duwDwimls, and t 
■pout of water flaKh<s u|i where th« hinl hna iliv'od. The fniillemnte fill 
tho nlenoo with their soft IcurrooinK — '^'^ ^^r* ^*y '"'^ ^i ^'1 sides of 
U9 — Xttrroof KurrooJ — di)>piii<; Uu-ir Inlhi in the watur, liasUmiiig amy 
from the voaael, and tJian i-tsing on the BiiTfaoe to flap their vingH. But 
thiJi in a Btianga thing : they ara all in paira — obvioiialy mother und 
child — and tho mother calla Ktumo! Kurroo/ — and the young out, 
unaMo as yet to dive or swim, unnwers J*e-*foo-it! Fe-^o-Ul and fiutto* 
and piddles after ber. But where is the lather 1 And has the gnilUc 
only onu of a family t 0\-er that one, at all ovcnto, she exerciaefi a va 
.protoetion. Emo though tlip stem of tha yacht sucms likoly to mo 
hotb of tliein down, fthe will neither dive nor Bj until she bus piloted 
yuuug one out of ilangor. 

Then a madden ay Rtartles Uie Laird from hiii hetesy-enae ruid Maiy 

Avon from bca- canTa& A nonnd for nwa; haa birmd all pyra to the 

xuaib ; tho;igh \hvn is Dotlting riaihlo tliero, om the bhining colra of 

-the s«a, bnC a xmall cloud of white spnty that tdowly abks. In a tOEOikl 

■or two, however, wu sco another jot of white water arise ; and iben a 

I gnat hfowD moss bcavc slowly over ; and then we Lear the spouting of 

the wliale 

" Wkat a huge animal ! "* cries one. " A buiidred feet 1 " 

" lui-hty, any wny I" 

The whnlti is nhivriug off to tllR norili : Umtt ii \f<ta, and Ip«> rlianW^ 
of our forming any eortwt ewtimBtc. 

" Oh. t am ftuif It uas a hiindnHJ I i>oii'tyott think vi, Anrnsl" 
■ays our admiral. 

wirrre wtcqr: a yachttno bomance. 


" WaU," wijw thv tkxtar, •lowlj — preteaiiDg to be rery wisioua 
at l»F|idn^ the HtOa full (when tbcrowwi no wind) — " ;ou know then) 
^i> * graft! di&reDoe bet wteo 'jscbt oicasiircnioat ' and 'regtstorod ton- 
wi^* A -TCBod of fiftj regiatsred tons usjr >M!rumo oiglity or mnuty by 
jmdil maniRaneaU And I hnvo oficu nutk-n)." coDtuiiit.-» ihw gramlivs 
yovng BttD, who tukei no thought how b« Id bringtag coatctaiit oa his 
dden, ** thsl abJHta man from tlio deck of » ytidtt am nutprally sufagect 
to '^acht mcoMtremeot.' 1 dou't know what tiwouie of that whaic nift/ 
b«. It« rogiintoreJ tonna^, I supposrC, vronld he the numWr of JonabB 
iloMld »rry. But I nbouid tbinlc tb&t if tlict ap|arent ' yadit ueaiiure- 
■toafc' VM • Itundrod (iMt| the wbalo was probuUy about tweut; feot 

It VM thnH lie triod to diminiBb the nurveU of the doep I But, how- 
be aiffbt crush o8 olhi:rwitc w« wtto bu nuuton on one iMinl. 
Tlie Bnnpls herMj-CAK* vrxt too deep even for hini. What could bo 
■>■]» of ** (Ac ^nf aUrmntivr. qf the (itiusrai majur " 1 

And aoo now, on thit cnltn fiiiinnier «v«niogi wo jmuis Wtwccn 
Makk mmI Xigg ; aod the pea is like a plain of gold. Av we draw near 
Ibe aottihre tuaai of Rum, the sunset doqiens, and a stnuif;c Jurid iniat 
bugi HOODd tbiij remoto and mountatDOus island rising idi««^r from tlio 
i%tf<iiitfa'. trtuouiy and rajriaerious ure the vast priika of Ua1«va1 and 
BaakonU ; we i-reqi under thvui — favoured bj u dood-tide — and the 
■JkcM of the de»oUto eboraa seems to spread out froio thooi and U> cn- 

ffllflW OS. 

Mmrj Arun boa long ago put away ber canrai ; she uta and 
waCfbn ; and hn aofi blaek eyes an faU of dreaming u she gaaes up at 
lime thiindciMhuk mountninn against the ro^y hum of tJio west. 

"Kalevalaiid Haakovall" Angus Sutherland repeats, in i-ejdy to 
hv hnrtfi ; but bu startM all the Eamo, for he iuut been covHiJy regurd- 
tsg Um dark and viatrid ayta of the ipri fitting thcru. " Oh, tbnaa am 
Xons nfimt* R^tiir tm Cillenn, on iIhi other band, ui Ciar-.Iic — it it (/i« 
jMBi e^ Um i/*>**^J M^'n- Perhafot, the Norsemen had the north of dio 
■■iBixl, asd ifa« Uelto the south." 

Whether thaf wen nUDed by Heandinnvian or by Celt, Halex-al and 
HaabaTml sonmnl to oTenhadow us with tbeu- snltrv giooai tui wo slowly 
^4ed into tbv loikoly loch lying at Uwir baoo. Wo w«re the only vessel 
Ifaoe ; and wa could tnako oat, no sign of llfu on iliore, until the glasa 
nrwaled to tas ania or two huirruinnl oottiigw. The northtim twilight 
ahobM in th« afcy far Into the night ; bat neither that clear nmlAlUc kIow, 
nor any radiance froui uoun, or pUitet, or Btar, seemed to affect the 
busuter-dftrkiMnri of llnakovnl and Ualevnl's silent penba, 

TbcfQ w«a aniiLber tala to lidl bdow — the big ailuon aglow with 

i; the white tab!" oovit witJi lis ciMitn'jiiwn of roiies, naaturtiunui, 

the (h'layoil dinucr, or aupiter. ur witiitcvur it miftbt bo called, 

attiatkally nrraiignl : oar young T)ortor mu»t biitubly Nolicitotu that 
'Aronahould beoomfortablyaonted, and, in fact, quito luurpiog the 


(^oe of the Laird in that respect; and then a audden sotiud in ^e galley, 
a hissing as of a thousand squibs, telling us that Master Fred had onoe 
more and inefiectually tried to suppress the released genie of tbe bottle by 
jamming down the cork. Forthwith the Laird, with his old-fashioned 
ways, must needs propose a health, which is that of our most sovereign 
and midge-like mistress ; and this he does with an elaborate and gracioaa 
and sonorous courtesj'. And surely there is no reason why Mary Avon 
should not for once break her habit and join in that simple ceremony ; 
especially when it is a real live Doctor — and not only a Doctor, but an 
encyclop^ia of scientific and all other knowledge — who would fain fill 
her gloss) Angus Sutherland timidly hut seriously pleads; and he 
does not plead in vain ; and you would think from his look that she had 
conferred an extraordinary favour on him. Then we — we propose a 
health too — the health of tlie Fous Winds I and we do not care which of 
them it ia who is coming to-mon-ow, so long as he or she comes in force. 
Blow, breezes, blow ! — from the Coolins of Skye, or the shores of CoU, 
or the glens of Arisaig and Moidort — for to-morrow morning we shake 
out once more the white wings of the W/iite Dove, and set forth for the 
loneliness of the northern seas. 

aultnry talk; and tliiia 
it U, on thia pai'licular 
uioraiiig, tho youug 
people having gone oa 
(locic to see the yacht 
get under way, that 
Denny- mniDs has a 
chance of reveftling to 
us certain secret Bohemes 
of Lis over which he 
liaa apparently hecn 
brooding. How ooiild 
we havs unaginfd that 
all thia plottiiig and 
planniiig had been going 
tn bcneith Uio »^ts extonor of tho CoiuiuiSBioner for Ibe Burgh of 
[fitrathgovuD I 

*■ She'd jiut a woodnfol 1>it lus I" he sftya, oonfidently, to hiB hostoag ; 

TOL. u so. 237. 13. 



" as h&pp7 xad ooatented u tbe dftj u long ; and wlien aba's Dot sLiig- 
ing to beraelf, ber way of speech has a sort of — a. i»rt of miisto in it tlut 
is quite new to ma. Yea, I laiut admit that; I did not know thnt tlio 
■raUwm £Qf;]uk ton^uo wa« ao oocurato and pleuunt to tie oar. Ay, 
Imt vbftt will beciiuiu of lin-l " 

'What, indocd I Tbc Lad/ wlioni be was addreasiiig hud ofbeo spoken 
to Itim of >lMry Avon'* isolated poaitioii in tbc world. 

" It fiiiH}- (listmasiS mo." oonttnues the good-bau-led Ijeird, ** wbea I 
Ibiiak of her oonilwtion — not at jinycnt, vlicn ahe baa, if I mny Lo 
allowed to (uir ao, stverai friends near h«r who would be ;;lad to do what 
tbajr oonld for b<ir ; but by-and- by, when ebe is beoonuDg older " 

Tbe lAind h«Hit<Ued. Was it posibla, aft«r all, tiut be wiu about to 
bint at the dmnoe of iiarf Avon beoooing Uw mistress of the mau^ioa 
and cxtAtc of Denny-mains I Then b« cuule n plunge. 

" A youi^ womaa in bor poattioD sbooU have a htubiuid to pro- 
tiKt bar, ihul is wbtit I am sure of HaT« ye never thougbt of it, 
ma'am 1 " 

" i HboQld like wrj well to BM Uaty muriod," saya tb« other, de- 
raiiraly. *' And I know she would tuake nii exnJlent wife." 

" An excellent wife ! " exclaims the liiird ; and tbea be adds, witli a 
tone npproacbiug to BCT«rity, " I t«U ye ho will be a Forttuute man 
tkatgeta her. Oh, ay; I bitve watdied her. I can kwp my eyea npun 
wbon tha« in need. Did you hear ber aaking tbo captain aliont bis wife 
nnd efaildienf I tell yon thera's iatnan nalurt in Uiiit Uss." 

There was no need for the Ijiird to be so pugnudous ; we ware not 
COuteatii^ tbo point. Howcvor, bo rcsuiBed — 

" I liavo b^en thinking," said but, with a little otoiv ebynci^ "abottt 
my ncphow. He's a good btd. Well, ye know, ma'iun, thiit I do Dot 
approvo of youjig men Iwing brought up in idleoeSB, wluitvvcr tbcar 
pi^)Kp^«ta niuflt bo ; and I have no doubt whatever that my n^ww 
Howtml is workit^g bard enough — wliut with tha reading of law-books, 
and attending tbe courts, and all that — thon^ aa yet be baa not had 
much butunesx. Itiit then there is no necetudty. I do not think be ia a 
lad of any great ambcetion, like your friend Ur. Sutherland, who haa to 
light bis way in tbe world in. any coao. But Ilowanl — 1 hav« beea 
thinking now that if be vaa to get married and tetUeil, he migbt give 
up the biw busineaa altogether ; and, if they were contczit to live in 
Scotland, be might look after Benny-mains. It wilt be his in niiy cam, 
ye know ; bo would have the tntcroat of a man looking aficr hU own 
propertj'. Now, I will tell to plainly, ma'am, what I haTC b«ea think- 
ing abont tills day or two back ; if Howard would marry your yoong 
kdy friend, that would be agreeahto to me." 

The calm manner in which the Laird annoiiDCcd bin Khpue allowed 
ibat it had been well matured. If waa k natuTnl, siuple, ftaaifete 
arraugometit, by which two peraou in whom lie took * mum imtvroi 

Id bo bMMfiMd St ooee. 

•vmrz vnsos: a TACHTCia bomanxe. 



"Bvt Uuo, sir," uyB his hostosii, with & flmil« which she cftnnob 
wpiw i , "yoa Icnoir peoi)le sever do vaarry to pleafle a third 
laut, Ttry setJOOD." 

"Olt. thsre cui be no forcis^," akid the Laiid with dedsioo. " But I 
hBTe doM n gnat Janl tor Uowd ; majr I not expect that bo will do 
aooMlkJBg for mo I " 

" Oh, doubtloRS, dottbtlcn," s&rs tliia uninhle lady, who hiu LnJ 
•OOM experiaMe in m&tdi-iumkitig bcnclfi "bub I hnrv gccuuriU^ 
ftMnd that manugai that would bo in every wny soitatle and plctto- 
fa^ lo IHendS) aod obriously iledrable, are pi-ocbely tlio uuirriaf^es that 
iMnr eooM oK Vouttg people, when they ore dung at each otttei-'s 
faandi^ Id use llwoommou phrase, nevor will b« sensible and please tbeir 
WJa l JTBa. Now it yxm were to brinjg vonr nepliow haro, do you think 
Mary woatd fall in lov« with him because ah« ought I More Ukoly you 
woald And that, out of pure oontiurietr, shv would full in love with 
AngM RoUierhuid, who oumot ofibri to mart?, and whotso huMl lit filled 
with ofher things. " 

" I an twl nire, I am not sure," laid tlis ImtxI, mmin^ljr. " IToward 
\» •geod-lookisK youu; fuUow, aod n cftpital lad, too. 1 aui not ao uure." 

" And then, yon know," nJd the other shyly, for Bhc will not plainly 
i*y anythinjE to Maiy'a dispara^emmt ; "young men bare ditToronb 
t— t«ii in Uwir choice of a wife. He mii^ht not ha\e Uie high opinion of 
hor that Tou have." 

At thin tbe Ijurd gnro a look of surpria^ even of iiaentiBenl. 

*• Then 111 tail y« what it t«, m&'Am," aaid he, almost angrily ; " if 
my DRpbew had the dianoe of marrying such a giri, and did uot do so, 
I abovld ronaidw him — I abould oon&idcr bim a/oolf and say so." 

And then he adilMl, sharply — 

** And do ye tli'nk I would tot Deiiny-nuuiu paw into the hands of 

Now this kind lady liod had no intention of rousing tho wriith of the 
IjJrd In thin Dianner ; and iLo instantly set ainiit [lacifyiu^ him. And 
the I^ird was <«sily pacified. In a minute or two he was laughing goo<l- 
n»tandly at hitnMilf for getting into a paMoon ; he mxd it would not do 
fer mm at hia time of life to try to play the fiait of the stem father as 
tb«y ptaTsJ that ia theatre pieces — thnv was to ho no forcing. 

** Bat he's a good buJ, ma'am, a good lad," said he, riaing as his 
ass; ukd ho addsdt ngnifioontly, "h« is tto fool, 1 aaaure yo, 
he has plenty of common sense." 

When wo get op on deck again, we find that the HTtUt Horn is 
gaatly gUdtng out of the lonely Loch fjeroeorat, with its »olit«i7 houso 
KDDOg the tieas, and its csoften' bats at the boae of the eombra bills. 
And as the light rool breeze — ftrftteTuIly coot after the blaxing heat of 
ib* last day or two— catries ns away nortiiwan), we «M mora and mere 
or the awfal aoUtodn at Bsloval and Easkeval, that are still thun- 
iktWM Mid dark oadcr the bazy sky. Above the gr»t sbouldflts, and 



under thi> purpio p«al:*, wc tux Ui« for-rofteliing coitus opetung ap, viUi 
lieni Rud tJiere s vbite vaterftll just vuihle in tbB bolloira. Thero u 
ft BcoiM of escapo m ir« draw iiwaj from lh»t 0T«rsbMkrwiitg gloom. 

llieD ve diaooTer tluit ve havo a new gkipper to-dfty, vies John of 
Skye, depoaad. Tho fresh band is Maxr Ayod, wbo u at ili« tiller, and 
looking «xcMdingly 1>iuin«sS'liko. Sbc hM boon promoted to this ponC 
bj Dr. SiitlicrUru?, who stand* hy ; she nenvM npbuntions about the 
procuiluK of Hector of Moidart, who ia up alofl^ laoii^ tba smaller 
topaail to tbe tnast; aha n-atchea tho operationi of John of Sbvn and 
Sandy, who are at the shratu below ; and, like a wua and cxmsidetate 
captain, sbe prctcntlH not to ootioe Haator Frml, who is baring & quiot 
smoke by the windla^. And so, paat tho6« lonely shoiea aaila ih» 
brave rowel — the yawl WAUe Dove, Captain Mary Avon, boond for any- 

But yiMi must not imagine that tbe new skipper is allowei) to stand 
by tbv liller. Captain though sbe may be, ahe baa to Bobmit civilly to 
dioUtioo, in so fiu- oa her foot is conoemed. Our yons^ Doctor ba« 
compelled her to le seated, and hn baa poaned a rape round the tiller that 
M she cnn ateer from her chair, and from time to time lie gives 80ggaa> 
tionR, which »be receivea as orders. 

" I wish I bad beeo with you when you first sprained your fix)t," ht 

" Yesl" slio aaswora, with hnmUo in(;uiry inker e^M. 
" I would ha^-e piit It in plaster of Paris," he says. In a maUer-of- 
fact y»y, " aud locketl you up in the house for a fortnight ; at Uie end 
of that time you would not know which ankle wan the sprained one." 

Tliete was noithor " with your leave " nor " by your leave " la Ibia 
joting man's mnnuor when ho spoke of that acoidenC He would have 
taken poeseioiun of her. Tie would hare discarded your bandaga and 
hartdiom, and what not ) when it was )Iary Avon's foot that waa oon- 
cerned — it was iutimated to ti« — he would have had bis own way In ipite 
of all comers. 

" 1 wi5h 1 h&d knovn," she says, timidly, meatung tlu.t it was tbe 
treatment she wished she had known. 

" There is a more heroic remedy," said be, with a smile ; " and tJiat 
is walking the epi-ain off*. I believe that can be done, hut tnoet people 
would ahrink from the pain. Of coutite. if it were done at all, it would 
be tJoQO hy a woman ; women can bear pain infinitely hotter than meD." 
" Oh, do you think so I " the cays, in mild protest. " Ob, I am sum 
noi. Men are so much braver tlian women, so much stronger ■ * 

Bui Uiis gentle c{\tarrel ia duddeuly stopped, for someone calls at- 
tenlion to a deer that is calmly brownog od one of tbe high slopes above 
that rocky tJiorc, aad instantly all gtaasea aro in roc{ueBt. It is a hind, 
with a bMutifuIlT Khnped h«ad and slender legs : she lake* no imMm <if 
tbe psMEug eraft, hnt continues her feeding, walking a fvw steps onwanl 
from lime to time. In this way she roodm the udgo of a euUj to (Lo 




nggad diA wbm thero u somo brnshwood, ftntl prolMMj » abwiiu ; 
into thk «li» wdsteljr d«Bi»nds, uid wv sua lier no mora. 

TUcn Uiere b uiotber cr; ; wlint ia ih'm cloud alicnd, or WAterepout 
rtiim on the cmlm bosom of the sea I Oluswis Kg&in in r&qunst, amid 
mjutjr OTriamttifim, reveal to us th*t thin ia a detue cload of birds ; a 
toA M net tlut lo«ru-iU iho «k-«tor it scorns black ; cnn it bo tbe dead 
faodjr of a whala tlut hnn oolWtul tbia vorld of wings from all the 
Kw-thcm mbbI Hun; on, WhiU Dove; for tliu floating cloud irith the 
bUdt baM ii moving and veething — in fA&tAitic vhit« famot, as it were— 
in tlietovdinen of this tamiuer day. And nov, lu wc draw nearer, we 
cm diBEty that there is oo dead body of a whale tauuing that btackiMEfl ; 
bat oalj th» douaity of tlta mam of seafowL And nearer and nearer aa 
w« draw, beboltl I ibo great gaoncts swooping down in such numbcn 
that the Ma i> corned with a mist of waterspoats ; and tbo air is £Uod 
with isaomerable criis ; nnd we do not know what to miiko cf this bewU- 
dcfing, flnttoring. awimming, sci-eaming ma»i of ternfi, guillemots, skai-U, 
Idttiwakc^ nuotiiilla, poifins, a&d gulls. But tliey draw sway again. 
Tba boiriBg^haal is monng northwrmL The murmur of ciios beoomes 
mon noMta, and tbo aeething cloud of the sea-lnnb is slowly dispersing. 
WImb Ibo W/iit4 ^>otM soils up to tho spot at which this phenomenon wm 
first seen, tlisra ia nothing TifuUe btit a ttcotterad sHsembliige of guil- 
hsiaifa lull I nil / intmai answered by jte-i/oo-U ! jK-yoo-il /^and great 
gurnets — " as big as a sheep," sayii John of Skye— appnTentty so gorged 
that they lie on the wat^'r within staiie'ti-thruw of ihu yiiclit, t)«fora 
tfpnading oat their long, ■now-wttitc, LIucV-tipiK^ wings to L«ar them 
•way ov«T iha sea. 

And DOW, aa we are ulleriug onr courao to the vest — Jar away to 
o«r riskt aland tho vaat Coolins of Siyo — wo sail along the northern 
ahona of Ilum. Tliere ia no trace of any luibil&Liou viaibte; nothing 
bat the pnctpitona cliffy, and tlie sandy hays, and ilie oalstaadiug rooks 
clotted with rows of bhiniog black akarU. When Maiy Avon oaka why 
tboa* Msdy haja ahonld ha so red, and why a oof tain ruddy warmth of 
eolecir ahouU shine throogh even the pntcbea of graas, our FJt.S. begins 
to qwalc of powdered baaalt rubbed down from the rooka above. He 
woald have b«r begin another slcetcb, but she is too proud of her newly 
■ a qair ad knowtodge to foraake the tiller. 

The wind is now almmt (Wad aft, and we liave a good deal of gybing. 
Oriwr peojile might llilnk Uiat nil this g>'1>ing was an evidence of bod 
atocrinf iia the part of our new skipper ; but AiipuHutborland — and we 
oaiwot eoatrndict an F.Il.8.— aoiiu'ea Mi«i Avon that nbe ia iloing ro- 
Btariubly well ; and. im h*; atands by to Uy hold of the nuiiu sheet when 
lb* lamn swings over, we aro not &n much danger of carT}-bg away 
cillicr portor starboard davita. 

"Do yon hnuw," aaya be lightly, " 1 Miactimes think I ought to 
tat the post of siirgooo on board a man-of-war 1 That would jiut 



"Oh, I hope you will not," eho blnrte out, <inite inadtwtcntJy ; 
theredfter litem w u deep liludi on her Cace. 

" 1 ihoald ee^oy it imtnonsel;, I koow," enjB ho, whoUy isnaruit of 
hor nnWiTueinent, bceauM bo is kMping nu eye on th« Rtils. " I be- 
linvt) I phould b&ve more itleutins fn life tbst vny llinn uny otlver " 

" But you <to not live for your o*n pleasure," wys sbo laetilyf pnr- 
hapa to cowr hor eonrunon. 

•' I have no ooe «Im to live for, RnywRy," mj-a Ii«, wllh » btugh ; ruI 
then bo corrected binuolF. "Oh, yes, I baT». Hy btb«r » a nd 
heretic. Ho bM fbllon Rwny fmm the irtaocUrdi) of hu fiuth ; bo 
fau Mt np iiJols— the (liplomiui and tnodoln I hare got from time to timo. 
Ho bu tb«m all arranged in bin study, and I haw honrd that he jMMt- 
lively aitft down before them and worahipa them. 'V\'b9i I lent him tho 
medal from Vienna — it vraa only bronw — he returned to ron hts Gnaik 
IVstament, that ho hnd int^^[eAVl^d and nnnotAtod trbcn he was a sta- 
deat; I b«tiev« It was hix greatest poasmnion." 

" And yon would give up nil that be ozpectii from you to go away 
and 1)0 a doctor on board a ship I " t»y» "hthty Avon, with •cme ptond 
(•cnplimis. " That would not ho my amIiitioQ if I were a man, ami— 
and— if I had— if " 

Well, she oonld not quite my to Bfdw'h face what ahe thought of his 
powoni and prospectn ; so she suddenly 1>roke away and naid — 

" Yc«; yon woidd gn and do that (or your own unusemeait Ajid 
what would t.b« nmttsonirut hot Do you think tbey wotUd lot tbo 
doctor tntetfere with the sailing of tho ship 1 " 

""Wnll," said he, laughing, "that ia a pnurtieial ©yaoUon. I dofi't 
BuppoM the captain of a nian-of-war or even of ii m^rclianb ym b bI would 
boas aooommodatiof; as your Johti of ^cye. CapUtin John hnn bifoom- 
pennition when he is rwliovpd ; ho can go forwnrd, nnd light hia pipe."* 

" Well, I think for your father's mh:," ki;-b W\m Avon, witli dft- 
cison, "you had better put that idea out of your head, onoe nnd for all." 
Now blow, broraea, blow ! Wluit is tlie great headland that appears, 
atriking out into the wide AtJantic 1 

Ahend tie gwH tie had iJie <^■l«n/ 
BfMdt iJu tiMff timn Iff Cnttm r 

lb, ro, tttmttmm f 
A. h^, ttrmy ytM loffMer, 

/fpi ro, CteMBMM/ 

"Tom Qnlhniitb," tho Laird ut mylng salemiily, to his hoisteM, "bat 
!|mrfvl me that Run is tho mo^t i^ctnrrt-vjin' tslniwl on the whole of tho 
Btcm cocut nf Scotland. Thntis hLi ilsSrelvrntO opinion. And in»le«l 
I would not go 60 far na to my be was wrong. Armii ! Tbqr \MXk 
abo\it Arrsn I Just look at those splendid monstiucs coming aboor 
down to the aco ; and the light of the snn on them ! Kb, me, what a 
tDuMt thorn will 1>c this night : " 

"Owumr' says Iir. Sulberkind, to hin Infcerloentor. who 



rerj anriwi to he iiutructeil. " Oh, Idon'tlEnow, Canna in Oftelic is 
9iiB|»ly a cui ; Knt tbcii Cifia is a whulo ; nii<l tho iNliiml in tb« dUtacca 
luolu long ntul Iht on the wnter. Or it iiia,v 1m from iMnacA — tlmt is 
iLe Bo«-ooUon; or rn>m tartnactt — thni is tlie svreei-galo. You bm, 
MiM Avon, tgnorant jwople liavn an ii]n)>lo chouse." 

tOow t brvena blow ! m Uw y«llow light of the alWnotm ahinca over 
tfas Imtmi AtUntic Ilu-o are the emtern tihoros ot Cauna, hifth osd 
wvffifd, anil dark with caves ; and then the wosteru shores of Ruin, Lha 
aisbtjr laoiTDtaittf aglow in tho cvenuig light. Awl tliis remotu and 
•olittfv little bay, with ita ktmh hfiodlaada, and its awkwanl rodu at 
Um month, A&d thn or^' hoiin) * jirMiding ovtr it atnougxt that ahiaiiig 
^kleraBU of ahrubo itnil Howoia I Hvrv is fnir aliejter for Uio uiglib 

Aftnr djnnor, id Ibe lambent t'«-ilight> vc sot out with tliagig; and 
tbagB waa oiueh iirvjinrution of elaborata conUivanoea for tho eotrappiug 
of bb. Itat tbo lAinl'H occult and intricate tackle — the sj>itininK jdiq- 
Tunm, and ffpoonf, and india-tnhher EAud-cols — prov&l no oon)|»?titor for 
the couple of liij; whitv Oita ihal Angus Sutherland hnd busk«l. And of 
oottna llaty Avon had that rod ; and wbco some hu({e Utho drnjated tho vnd 
of UiatodlkJrljrttiulorwuUir, lutil whoa Bli*ertodAloud,"01i ! oh ! I can't 
boM it: bi*ll ImaLthercl I " thtvi aroao BnWa voni of command: — ■ 

*'■ Hani him in I 8hov« out the butt ! No Kiiontiljo pUyiiig with a, 
t Well doR* t — w»l! done I — a tlvo'pounder I'll bet ten fortJiings ! " 

It waa noi acteutific fiflhtng ; but wo f^t \>iff Bab — which is of more 
iporlMkce in the «ye« of Mast4<r Fred. And then, as tho DJjjht fell, we 
•Dt out apun for tlm jacbt ; and tho Doctor pullml etruku; and hv miug 
•oma noro vows of Uw bivriinn Bang oa tho bladn daabod Jmt into tJiC 

PnHnVy p'cr !>•* vnM* mil t,tnind kir. 

He. n>,€fa*ttam! 
A Itmg, ttfmtff pntt lojftthrr, 

7%roi^A th rdJyiiig tiJe mJH .fuid* Arr, 
fftt^d rank ide carf brnry itatlUud, 
llo. m, ilaumat f 

Ho, ro. ctaiuMtm .' 

ThvjtMatr lamp' at tlie bovof the yaclit grew larger and larger; iheliull 
tif Uie bual hiikird bUtrlc l>«1ween us and the sUu-Ut ben>'eiu<; an wn 
«JaBW«d Ob liniin) there whs a gulden glow from the saloon Hlrylii;1it. 
AJid thao, duriu;; ihu \(mg and hnjipy oveniog, uniJd all tho whiut'pLij'iiig 
nd oilier amuMOieiit^ ftoin){ foi-«-ar<l, what aboutoertaiit timid cotutGattf 
■Dil an oonuiniukt oliy ^Inni-o Iwtweirn iIiomi two young people t Sotaif of 
lU l^^in to ll>i!<k ihut if the Ijurd's wlteiDC wa^ tu come to anything, 
it V ' lint Mr. Howard Smith put in an appearance. 


S^, uiii gr4.uib](! tajval Better milk, oad iMrt WtlMnA, MrrrWA* Ctom >n;> 


vrmrz wiNoa: a TAcnrrao bomattcb. 


A Wild Studio. 

ttam 18 B find bustle of prcpuntton next rooruing — for the gig » waifc- 
lag bj the Kide of the yacht ; mud Dr. Siithra-luucl is carefViUj gdUJng 
our artiste materinls into tho stem ; and the I<&ir<l is btuty v{th ihaTh 
and wnterproofii ; nnd Maatvr Fred brtn^ lUong tJte lanchMit- 
biuOcet. Out Ad[iiinil-in>c1uef [>r«foni to stav on lx»rd ; sbe bas letters to 
vrrit« ; tliCro are enough of as to go luid bo tonscd on tbo Atlantic swell 
off the great CAves of Canna, 

And an tlie men fttrikn ilwlr oars in tJie water xaA «• wave n last 
adieu, the Laird cntchee a ^impse of »nr larder at tbe st«m of the yacht. 
A loa ! there ia bat one retnaiuisg [oec* of freid) meat bauging then, nodiir 
the white convaa. 

" It reminds me," sajb he, b^ioninf; to langh already, " of agood one 
tlint Tom Galbraitb told me — a real good one that wii£. Tom had a 
little bit ^rnt^t that hid man and himrotf sailed when bo was painting, jrs 
fcnow; and one day they got into a bar wliero Ptincan — that 'was tlie 
luan'iii name — had aome Men^a aahon. Turn h-fl him in dtargo of tlw 
jaoht ; and — and — hn ! ha ! Iia ! — tJiare waa a leg of muttuD baiq;iag 
at the atom. XVell, Tom was rowed aahore ; and paintod all day ; and 
catne back to tbe yn^t tn the afWmoon. Tittre %eai nottf/q^ muuon I 
' Puucon,' BD^B he, '-nhcro ib the \sg of mutton 1' Diincaii pretend^^ 
to be vastly surjirised. ' Isa it awayl ' says lie. 'An'ayl' says Ti^^| 
' Don't you see it is away I I want to know wlio took )t ! ' Diidqui 
lookc^i all round him — at the Bna and the »ky — and then asya he — then 
Bays he, ' Maybe it wawi a dog ! '—ha I tia ! heo ! liee ! lico ! — ' maybe It 
waaa a do;,'aays ho ; and they wen; haif a milo ii-om the shore 1 I oevet 
•ee the oanvas at the stern of a yacbt without thinking o' Tom GullK^th 
and the )i^ of mutton ; " and here the Laird laugbul long and load asiun. 

*' I have heard you spook once or twice about Tom Oalbruitb," ro- 
marked uuryoung Doctor, without meoningtlie least Harcnmn ; " he is an 
artist, I sapiKise 1 " 

The l^aird stopped laughing. There was a look of indignant votuler 
— sf^miaching to horror — on hia &oe. But when be proceeded, with 
some dignity and evon nnentmeat, to explain to this i^omnt penon Uis 
immeoBO importance of the school that Tom (ialbraith hail been chiefly 
instriimcntAl in forming ; and the high (jtialitiM of thn.t artint's pen^ual 
work; and bow the members of the Boyal Aoadesty (hook in their aboes 
at tlM mero mention of Tom Ualbraith'a name, be became more [looified ; 
for Angtis Siitbcrland lifetorwd witli j?ra»t rcapoct, and even promised to 
lookout for Ht. Gnlbnuib's work if hi' piisseJ through &liiihnrgb oti hia 
way to the south. 

The long, Bwiaging stroke of the niea soon took m ronnd tUe sue- 
pflrive bvodlauda until we werftcvc« moro ia the open, with tlie mouii- 




io£ Skye in tha north, miiI, f.vr (iway tit tKc horizon, a jwilo lino 

•n ]nu)w to be North Uist. And now tbo grwn «horei of Cannu. 

rim becoming more ])recipitnii8; kikI tlit-rc wan a roanii;; of the .-sea 

Liang tlio »[>ur8 or blfu.-k rock ; nud the long Atlnntic gwell, hnwikiiigon 

<xa t>c>wa of tbe gig, wm Bending a little mora Rpray over nw tliiui wiin at 

detORtble. Certainly no onn who conld havn mwu tho Doctor at tliis 

tment — willi hiji rK«h-colrtnre<l f«ci> dripping with the salt water ami 

tinin^ iit tlic fniulij{ht — would hav« bikrn bim for a hanl-woTkeil and 

tiousstudeut. Uis haixl work was pulling Htrokooar, and ho ccrtninly 

it his shoiildors into it, as tbe I Jiird had ivniarknd ; nnd htA koIo anxii^ty 

nixtut MaiT Avon's art-matoriaU. That young lady shook tlie water 

from the two blank ciiu%-h£C8, and doclaL-eJ it did not niattar a bit. 

TbaRe lonely cUlfi* ! — liewiming more grini and awful every moment, 

thia tnite of a boat »till wreatii-H with tbe great wavej. and makeH 

way atong the coast. And y>^t tliore arfi t'mder greooa whvro the 

tarage apprars on tie bigb plateaus; and there ia a soft niddy 

mo where tlio bnsalt sltincs. The gloom of Lho ]iii;t.ure apjicaii! IlipIow 

l- — in the caves washed out of tbe co»j;Iomei-at4 by the h*'-ttvy bcbb; 

kin tbe spui's and fiinlaKtic pilliirs and aiches of tbo black rock ; 

in ilia leadcnliiicd Atlantic sprinsing higli over ovray ob- 

to go roai-ing nnd IxKiming into the cavema. And these ianu- 

white 8p«ekx on the itjiiirso grnL'ii )jUti>auii and on this high 

itory : can thuy be uiubKii'uuis in niillionit I Huddoaly one of the 

Ttaen liFtrt liin oar from tho rowlock, an<I rattle!) it on tbe rail of tho gig, 

Lt this Kund a cloud riitas fiom tlio black rockn; it sproiids; the nnxt 

loment the air ia darkened overonr beailx ; and almost bcfure wc know 

I'Wbathaa happened, this vast muititadeof poflin? has wheeled by ua, and 

rheeled again further out to sea— a smoke of biiils ! And as we watch 

1, beibolc] ! etrag^lors come back — in thoiinands upon ihousnnda— tha 

is filled with them — some of tliom swooping so near vc that wo can 

' th# red juu-rut-liko beak and the orange-hiied web-feot, and then 

tba gnua abelvos of graia and tbo pinnacles of rock become ilotttxl 

thow vhito sp&cks. The myriA<^ of bird];; tho black caverns; 

[■iJie arcliwi ai»l nyan of rock ; the l«adc-ti-hncd Atlantic boundin;^ and 

[fringing in white foam : what su.ra filary Avon to that 1 }Iha aho tho 


" If yon can put me ashore t " says ahe. 

" Oh, we will get you atibore, flomehow»" I>r. Sutherland answers. 
But, indeed, the nearer we approach that ugly coftKt the less wc like 
tbe look of it. Again and again wa make for what Kliould be a sheltere<l 
bit ; but long Wore we «m get to land wocansoetltrougb tho plunging sea 
^roat miu^jtes of yellow^ which wo know to bo the bamaclod rock ; and 
then aliead we fnid a abore that, iu thts heavy surf, would make match- 
wood of iiie gig m thr&o seoondti. Brosc, howovcr, will not give in. Tf 
Einot get tbe gig on to any beach or into any creek, he will land oiir 
tomehow. And at laat— and iu spite of tho remonatianoea of Jo 



of Skje — he infiiate on liftving tlie boat backed !n to k pRJeetiiig mmd 
conglomerate, bU yellowed over with small BheU-fieih, againit vhiAlb 
sea 18 l>eatmg heavily. It is an ngly landing-platse ; we can ne tiw jribv 
rock f^ Bhcer down in the clear green sea; and the snzfis ipoutiBg^ 
the aide in white jets. But if she can watch a high wftva^ and pntlv 
foot there — and there — will she not find henelf direotlj' oo aplctoarf 
rock at lea** twelve feet eqnare 1 

" Back her, John !— back her I—" and therewith the Dootor, watdai 
his chance, ecrambles out and up to demonstrate the faaaUlify d Ai 
thing. And the easel is handed out to him ; and the palette and en- 
vases ; and finally Mary Avon herself. Nay, even the XAud will ld«» 
ture, sending on before him the luncbeon-bukeL 

It is a strange studio — this projecting shell-cmsted rook, mmoaU 
on three Bide« by the sea, and on'the fourth by an impagBahle eSS. Aid 
tho sounds beneath our feet — there must be some Bubtenanean pMMgi 
or cave into which tho sea roars and booms. But Ajigaa So^eriui 
rigs up tho ensel rapidly ; and arranges the artist's camp-etool ; ud all 
her fiiirly a^ing ; then be proposes to leave the Laird in charge of }m. 
He liud the humble chronicler of the adveutora of Iheae people mna k 
have some further exploration of this wild coast. 

But wo had hardly gone a quarter of a mile or bo — it waa hard mk 
pulling in this heav^' sea — when the ezperienoed ^e <^ Sandy ftOi 
lalny saw that something was wrong. 

*' What's that 1 " he said, staring. 

We turned instantly, and strove to look through the mists of ^i?> 
Where we bad left the Laird and Maiy Avon there wore now vWUi 
only two mites, apparently not bigger than puffins. Bat is not ana rf 
the pu£Bns gesticulating wildly 1 

" Bound with her, John I " the Doctor calls oat, '* Tb^ vnt 
us — I'm sure." 

And away the gig goes again — plunging info ihe great tnn^s isd 
then swinging up to the giddy crests. And as we get neazer and 
what is the mcnniog of the Laird's frantic gestnreal We oannot 
stand him ; and it is impossible to hear, for the booming of the ■* iflto 
the caves drowns his voice. 

" Ho has lost his hat," says Angus Sutherland ; and then, the BKt 
socon.l, " Where's the eiwel 1 " 

Then we understend those wild geetoree. Full away, mcny iMi I 
for has not a squall swept the studio <mF its moveables t And thtn^ BM 
enough, tossing high and low on the waves, we deecry a variety of ttinp 
— an erujcl, two canvases, a bat, a veil, and what not Up vztt ttl 
boat-book to tho bow ; and gently with those plunges, most a uuuwh 
Hector of Moidart ! 

" I am BO sorr>-," she says (or rather shriekB), when her dl^p^ 
property is restored to her. 

"It waa my fault," our Doctor yells ; "but I wiUondartuklB ^tell* 




THJTR n'lyas! a VAciin^'a homance. 

'1 pro|KjrIj this time "— and tlierevitli he fetchw s lump of rock 
Uml n^glit bftve mootvd a mao-of-wu. 

We rXmy aotJ h&ve loiicbeoo in thu gusty and thunderous suidio — 
lUio^h filary Avon will scarcely turn from lier oaavaa. And Uiurp lit 
BO punting (it [link f[«>rtinttimB abont thin young voman's work. Wo 
lac almuly thnl thv bsK got k thoruujjli grip of thui cold, Imrd coast (tl>e 
ma ia oh^cared now, and Uio viLrioua hues ars more Mmbre thaa evar); 
ai»d,tboqgkaha haa not had time as yot to try Ut catoh th« motion nf the 
nOtag aea, ahe baa pit tho colour of it— a tenden^rey, with gliola of 
hiae ami wLit«, aud with hen) aud th«ra a auddeu splo^ of de«p, rich, 
l^iamy, bottla gnaa, whore Boine wave for a tnotncut oatdira, just na it 
gcto lo Uu aborr, a rcJIcction from tho fcnea platcaua ahovi*. Very 
gitoA, Mi»« Avon : very good — but wo |>rAl«Dd that wo arv not looking. 

Hum away wo jjo n;^uti, to Icnvi- t)ii> arltiit to Iter work ; and wo 
IfB na tMmr oa pomiblo — tbo lii^ saa will not allow tis to futer — tho rani 
bWk eareran ; and w« walRb throuj^b tho clear wat«r for those nifutaOH 
«f y«Jk>w rock. AikI tlieu tlwi mnltituileii of wbite-hrcaMtix), red'billod 
birda parched up tltcn^ — clone to the araall burrows in tho scant gmm ; 
iWy Jerk iheir bauLt about iu u watcbfid way just liko the pmirie- 
doRant tlui mooth of their anody haliilutiona on tho Colomdo plains. 
And Umb aKain a but>dr«d or two of them coidc Bwoo{<iui; down frou 
tb* loeky t'i'*'^'*^'^ ^^ *<^' ^^'^' "'"' hea4lR — twinkling l>iln of colour 
hctwren the giry-gnxn nea and Ibe blue-ai»I -white of |1h> nky. Tlioy 
TM^Dt the prMW-nnr of ttrangera in this f>u<-home of tbo eaa-binJa. 

It ia a t«JTJbIe buiunn« getting that young tulyand her pamphnmal^ 
back bito ih« gig a^n ; for the ma is still boavy, and, of counw, addi- 
tiona] oara baa now to bo token of Uio prcciotn niuva«. But at last abo, 
•nd tlio Liwinl, and the lancbtKHi-laudct-i, and everything elw liavo bcvn gut 
«a boBixli and away wo go for tbo yacht again, iu th« now cIonrinK 
aft«moon. A^ wc dniu fui-thrr away from the roar of the caveii, it in 
nor* Icaaiblo u> talk ; and naturally wo am all rety couijilimeuiary 
Abmtfe Mar^' Avoa'a iikct«b in oUsl 

** Ay," nya the Laird, "and it waota hut on« thing ; and I am sii^ 
IcoaU got Tom Unlliroith io put that in for you. A bit of u yiu-ht, ye 
kMV, or other fc»i!iii« vcasel, pot holow th« clifl«, would givd pcoplo n 
■DCioD of tho Insight of tlie cUlT)!. do ye am I I am aurp j could gPt Tom 
(IklbnUb to pnt thai lu fur yc." 

** ( bojM Itlim Avon won't let Tom Golbmilh or anybody tilaa im^ildlo 
'mdi tl < ■■ aayi Ai»gu«fluthcr!«ud,witb aomecmphftsui. "Why. 

tyachi I J think anybo'ly wvuM It-t a yucht cot&e cloae to rotrka 

Uke theaet Aa noon aa you intruducu any makiiig-up like that, the 
piciiin it a khaiii. It ia tho rral thing oow, aa it Montis, Twenty ycara 
hojMvyo'i could tak« up tlial piooeof oaDm,(Uid there Iwfore j-ou would 
\m lbs rrry day I ' ] •■iit Unri — it would Im likn findiii;^ yoiir uld 

life of twvQty jRi' .it^neil qp to you with a tiglituing-lhuJi. Tlio 

^4ct0n 1^— why I abould my it i» iuvniuablp, na it (rtuids." 



At tUi aooMwliftl flarM i»a{M>, Mary Avon coloim a Uul«. 
tlico she says vitii a gcotio tiypocxlaj— 

" Oil, do jou really think thero ia^thera ia — aoine lUtciuaB to Ukft 

" It ifl the placo lUelf I " Bays liCi warmly. 

"Bpcausp," aba rnys, timidly, and yet with a BtoUi*, *'oiis Ukn 
hare onc'a work apprecintod, bowcTfr atnpid it may be. And — and — 
if you tlunk tltat — vould you like to 1iav« iti Bccauso I ehoold be ao 
proud iTyoii would take It — only I am ostiamod to ofTcr my aketcAtea to 
anybody " 

" That I " tnid b«^ ataring at tha canviu m if th« mine* of Qolcoada 
vera suddenly openad to him. Itiit then lie drew liock. " Ob, no," ha 
said i " you are vety kind— but — but, you know, I cannot. You vouU 
think I had been asking for it." 

" VT^." iaya Miai Avon, Btill looking down, " I never iraa treated 
liko Uiis before. You won't take itt You don't think it ia vortb 
putting in your portmuntcnu." 

At this the young Doctor's face grow vary rcJ ; but he eaid boldly — 

" Very w«U, now, if you haro boen playing fast and looeo, you ahall 
be piinialivd. I viU take tbo plctiiro, whethor you graigt it me or uoL ' 
And I don't mean to givo it up now," j^H 

"Ob," «aid she, very gently, " if it reminds you of llio placo, 1 a^^R 
1>e \fTj plfiwied — and — and it may remind yon too that I am not likely 
to forgvt your kindnos to poor Ttlra. Thompson." 

And BO thia little matter wa« amicably sottlcd — though the IjurI 
looked with a covebuus eye on that rough ekotdi of the rocks of Canna, 
and regretted that he waa not to bo allowed to ask Tom G&lbraitb to 
put in a tottdi or two. And ho back to tlio yacht, and to dinnir in th« 
ailv-i>r dear eTej:iiiig ; and bow I>catitlful looked Uiiii calm bay of C'onna, 
with ita glittering waters and green ahorea, after the grim rocks and 
heavy Atlantic waves I 

That evening wo pursned the innocent Utho again — our larder 
becoming terribly empty — and there was a 6no take. But of more 
interest to uime of us than the big fiiili was the extraordinaij wonder of 
colour in aea and sky when the san had gone down ; and tlioro was a 
wail on the pai-t of the Laird that Mary Avon bad not Iter eoloun with 
her to put du'K'n some jotting for further use. Or if on paper : miglit 
not she writa down aomct^ing of wliaL she saw ; and expcrimcni th< 
after! Well, if any nriist can mako head or tail of wonk in aurh a 
a^ ibia, linro thny ai« for liim — as near a« oiir oombinnl forcea of o< 
iinatiun could gu. 

The vast plain of water around u« n blnie of Ralmon-rod — with 
ttie waves (catdiing tlie refltctiou of the iwuitli) markcil In bori 
linM of blue Tbo great headland of Oauua, ketweeu an add 
woatcm sky. a mass of dark, tntonso oUvs-grecn. The sky oTor Ih, 
l>aU<, clesr Icmon-ycllow. Hut tko great foituro of thia orcuing 



Wfift Ik inii«!i of cloud that £lr«*tch(id all ocrnati tlio lieavrnfl — n mua ot flam • 
lug, Uiimderoui. onuige-red cloud that W^n in tho fnr pti\t mists in tli« 
east, uid ouoe ftorow the blue zeuitli uverliuui, boruing vritb a splendid 
glory there, and then Btret^lied over to tlio wpst, where it nnrrowod down 
And WAX lost in the calm, clcu' gold of the hoiizon. The splendour of 
tbu great cloud wa« bowUdonn^ to thooyeu; one tiuncd ):ra.t«fully to 
th* reflaetion of it in the sultry rod of the noa helnw, broken by tho 
bloA linni of varea. Our otteution. was not wholly given to tlie ji.0iing 
or the bout on tliis Umbcat ovciuoj; : porbapB that was tho rcaeoii wo 
ran on a roc^, and with diftlcitlty got olTn^iin. 
^ Then hack to tho yacht ajcain about f Icven o'cloclc. What ia thin 

^bconrihlo oc^wb from Master Fred, who wns «cnt oET with instruotionB to 
^niunt up any stray crofter bo might find, and nm stich piirstiasfon^ in tha 
Hahajie of <!!»«lic fVIondlineas and Fnglish money as would emibls tut to 
\ ropleniab our laj^Ier? ."What! thnt h« had wa)ked two milca nod Bocn 
nothiDg eatable or {lurvhAsable but an old hen ? Cannn is a beautiful 
place ; but we bcpn to tliink it ia time to bo off. 

On thia Bt4n night, with tbc sUuv coming out, we cturnot go below. 
I We ait oa deck and listen to tbe Tnuxical whisper along the sliore, and 
^K -watch ono gohlen-ycllow planet Hiding over the dusky peaks of Rum, far 
^P b) tho («At. And our young Doctor is talking of tho pathetic notio«a 
that are common in the Scotch papers — in the a/tvertiHCmenta of deathg. 
" A'rm ISaiianl pnpTS, pUagr. copy." " Canadian pttpirra, jtif^me copy." 
fWhenyiHt see this piajTrapjicndod to tho nnnounoement of the donth of 
' loine old woman of seventy or seventy-five, do you not know thai it is a 
tTDCWigc to lovwi onca in distant climes, w&ndurors who may forgt-t but 
lurho havonot been forj]^tten I Thoy aro mMsa^ra that tell of a icnttctvd 
a race that onc« filled thft gle.iw of tlitwe now almost dfnujvtwl 
inda. And Hurely, whnn some birth-duv or utbor time of recoUoctioa 
imea round, thoiie far away 

Wltn vUtt Al'ama mw-nmrt to {Mr wet 

lost surely bethink LheniBt'lii-ea of the old pcoplo left behind — living in 

^Olavgow W Greenock now, perhnpa— and munt bethink themimlvca too 

sf tJlfl land whcr« lant they saw the Imnuy md bpnther, and where last 

beard tho pipra playing tho aad FarirwtU, MacVrnimin as the Kliip 

out to sea. They cannot quite forget th* iceDCe of Uieir youth — 

! rough aeafl and the rvd heather and the inlands ; the wild danmng at 

I veddin^ ; the secret mcotinj^s in the glnn, witli Ailnin, or Morag, 

for Mairi, come down from tlif sheiliig, all n-lone, a ^haw] round bar 

jKul \o slieller her from the miu, her ht-art fluttering like thi> heart of a 

imid fawn. Tbey ouuiot forgot. 

And we, too, wo ore geing away; and it may b? that wc Bhall nerer 

Me this beautiful bay or tlie iaiaiid there a^in. But one nf ua carries 

hway with hini a taliaman for tho middeu revival of old mctaories. And 

ity yeaw hanoe — that wbe his own phrase — whntwiU Angus Suther^ 


land— peihapB a very great and ricli person by {hat time— vliat will be 
think when he turns to a certain picture, and recalls the long rubbw 
day when he rowed with Mary Avon round the wild shores of CuiimI 

" DoKTEOAN ! — On I DvsreoAJx 1 " 

CoMitAKDER Mary Avo>~ eends her orders below : ereiything to be mA 
BTiag in the ratiina, for there is a heavy sea nmnin^ ontaide, and ib 
W/iite Dove is already under way, Fanvell, then, you beautiful U« 
l»ay — all rippled into silver now with the breeze — and green shores ud 
pictui-esqiio clifTs! We should have lingered here another dayortw^ 
pei-hfips, but for the report about tJiat one old hen. "We cannot ntn 
passengeis and crew on one old hen. 

And here, as we draw away from Oanna, ia the vast panorama cf tk 
sea-world urouiid us once more — the mig;hty mountain range of Skjt 
shining fnintly in the northern skies; Hnleval and Snskeval stilltfi 
gloomy puqile in the east; and away beyond these leagues of nHhiif 
Atlantic the pale blue lino of North Uivt. Whither are we bonnd, thea, 
you small cAptitin with the palo face and the big, soft, tender Uack eyal 
Do yoii fear a shower of spray that you have strapped that ti^tiT-fittiu 
Ulster round the grncpful small figure! And are yon quite sure that tob 
know whether the wind is ou the port or starboard beam t 

" Look .' look I look ! " she calls, and our F.B.S., who tias been bo? 
over the charts, jumps to his feet. 

Just at tlie bow of the vessel we see the great shining Hf)f thing 
di6ap])ear. What if there had been a collision 1 

"You cannot call that a porpoise, anyway," says she. "Win', it 
m\ist have been eighty feet long I " 

" Yes, yacht meaBuremout," says he. " But it had a back fin, wUdi 
is suspicious, and it did not blow. Now," he adds — fcnr we have bos 

looking all round for the Te-ap)>earanoe of the huge stranger "if in 

wiiut to see real whales at work, just look over there, close nnder Bob. 
I Khould say there -was a whole slioal of them in the Sound." 

And thei-e, sure enough, wo sec from time to time the white mootii^ 
— rhing high into the air in the form of the letter V, and slow^ fcPi^ 
ognin. They are too f»r away for us to hear the sound of tfacdr bhnrii^ 
noi- can wc catch any glimpse, through the best of our g^nwin, at Aut 
appearance at the sui-fiice. Moreovei-, the solitary stranger tloi dmzI; 
nin against our 1>ows makes no reappearance; he has had enomdt of tlw 
wonders of the up|)er world for a time. 

It is a fine sailing morning, and we pay but little attention to ^ 
fact tbat tlie wind, at. usual, soon gets to be deed ahead. So b»g ■■ tbt 
breeze blows, and the sun shines, and the white spray flies fr^m tibe bo*l 

VBTTE wryas! a yachtiko bomance. 


«f Um fnUe J)ove, what con* ve wliicb liartxnir 18 to sbdUir in far tho 
tiiehtf AnA if yn enonnt |^t into nriy luu-bonr, wliab ch«nt Wo 
tairj mt own kingdiini with a« ; mid we ace &r front being d(ipeiii]«nb 
, oo the ooe nU hm. 

I Bat in tho miikt af mnnh lunching at one of the Laird's good anr^ — 
the inrxhauadbls Hatnesh was ngnin to tbo fore — a head appeant at the 
top of the oompanion-^'af ; and then i« a irspcotfal eilcnce. Unsoemly 
mirth (Itfls Awty hafim tbo awrul dignity d tliis poraon. 

" Angmt" idw mjra. with ■ sorioiu tT?niODaitnta4M oii h«r fiice, " do 70U 
Mlev* what nctcnlific {M>opl<^ toll you I " 

Angaa SuiJic-rianil »tan*, ancf loola upj ho ha« bmn d«»p in a vhiu't 
at I»cb Bnusuhulc. 

" I>aQ'l they aay that water fiuda ita omtd IctjcI 1 Now ilo you cull 
Ada watnr findittg iu own I«tp]I" — (ind as ehf pivpounils this coiiim- 
^um. ah* cltnKS on t^htly to tbv side of the ooinpanioa, for, iu ti-uUi, 
th» imu Pove is curiWliDg a good deal otnoDg Uioho giwU. Daaees uf 

"Another tunUcr biDkenl'* uho cxcUiaui. "Sotr who left that 

itumblar on Ihp tablo 1 " 
** I know," anyn Mary Avon. 
" Who woa it tbcD 1 " (Ays th« oocopnot of the wmpnnioD-way ; anil 
«• l»^n to tmnlilA for the cu1|iril. 
-Why, youyoatwJft" 
" Mary Avont how can you teU soefa a etory ! " tiayH the other, with a 
**0h, but that ta EO," calb otit onr T>actor, "for J mynelf saw 
joa bring the tnnbl^r out of tbo ladifs' cabin with nutir fur tho 

Thv nnirerMl ahout of laoghtcr tliat overwbelnu Mwlmnc Dignity is 
loo anach for hiw. A oolnin ooowioiui, lurking smila be^ns to hveak 
thtvii}(h thp liemncea of her face. 

*' I don't bdisvo a word of it." abe ded&it«, Uring a shot iw she r(>- 
towta. "Not a wuvd of it You nro two coniipinitoiK. To tell ttich a 

vtofy abont a tiinibW ! " 

Bnt at this mntnmt a furtitcr amniilt is made oti tlie mnitnty of this 

goaaiDaU penmnn^n. IliFrr is a tbiitidenittbe bows ; a rattling m 

piatol-alurfa on the dock» forward ; uni] at tho hudg mnnient th^t ftig- 

rcf th# spray corao tlying oror the aft«r piul. of the yncJit^ What 

I of anp'K iligiiity wlien one j^la a ahoM-er of aalt water owr oiii>'a 

hmd and neck 1 (in dnwn boUiw, miKlani .' — retreat, ratreat. lUwxHntlUHl I 

>, dry your face nml your Lonoy brown hair — and twLber tia no more 

ith year broken tamblur I 

And despite thiwc pluni^ing mna and the oetaaioPBl ahowen of ^>nvy, 

(aiy Avon ^till vliiip« hmvcly to th» mpo that ia mund (he tiller; and 

I snr baarinji ortr fur 8ky« on one long l«ck, 8h« haa on nred to 

cfcug* hff [loaitkin. And if from titn« t4 time her face gel* wvl nitb 


tl>e ailt walOTt U it oot qui^Iy dried ajenia Id (be wana mm 
bn«»1 San uid wilt wiit<^ and sen-air nill soon chase awaj the pallco* 
frcKn llinl grnile fnce: ouinot oiw ohwxre alrrwly— after ooljr ■ few 
day»' •Ailinj;; — n loncii of Mmbrovti oo hor <'h(A]cii ? 

And uow we am draTini; nearer and nwmr to Skjfo, mi»d iMfcve vt 
lies the loD«ty Loch Dmtal, jiisi tinder the f^lendid Coaliib*. Htx how 
the TABt ilopes of tho moimtAina appear to come sbmr dovn to the lake ; 
and there u a aoft, iiuiiDy green on them — a beautiful, teniittr, warn 
coloar that befits a KiuiuD«r day. But far abore and bevood thoae sDODy 
alopea a dUTen-ut sight nppmni. AH the cJo'ida of this Sur day have 
pthend round the uppo- portiona of the mountains ; and tbab noUtaty 
nwge of bl»d( and jajcgrd pcnka is dark ui bbadov.-, dark as if with the 
expiwtnlton of lliimdcr. Tlie Cooliiw are not bo'ovH of ninnn«ra. TIm«b 
beautiful mulib m«-inc» are llir ar«n-t limintH of hurricanu that auddanfy 
COOK out to strike tho uuwnryyncliti>miui urt with the blow of ahanmer. 
Stand b^t /onenrrt, (Ami, M»f AboHX thipf JJoint trilA tie Mm^ 
Captain Avon /—and behold ! wo are sailinf; away from tho Maok 
CmIiss, and ahead of vn there ia only the opn sea, and the sunligbt 
Kliining aa the far djffii of Canna. 

" 'niien your couru is das north " remarks An^tis Sutherland, who 
has reliev«l Maiy Avon at th? helm, "and when tho wind ia doe north, 
yon get a gootl dntl of sailing for your mooey." 

The profound truth of this remark become* more and moio appannt 
aa the day ponni in a aerioa of long tacks which do not ancm to 1*0 hrin^ 
ing those far headlands of Skye much nearer to iia. And if we ara heat- 
ing ia thi* heavy sea all dftv and m^it, » there not a chanoo of ODO or 
otbw of our women-folk ooUapuugt lliey ate excellent siilois, to ba 
BUI* — hu t — but 

Vt. Sutherland ia c«n«uU«d. Dr. Sntherlnnd'e advice is prompt 
and emphatic. Hia solo u-nd ouly precaution againat sea-sickneaa la 
aimple: resolute uttinK imd drinking. Cuiv fur BcitaickDcaa, afterifc 
has Bet ill, )io dcelarea there is none; to prevent it,mtand drink, and let 
the drink lie brut champof^e. So our two prutonmi ate orde 
to undergo that pimishmeat. 

And, porhftpH, it iff the brvt champa^e, oi- peHtapg it is 
sniiffnejM of oui- little luncheon-party that pioropta Mia Aron 
on the exocodinf! aelGslinen of ynchting and to Knggest a proposal ibab 
fairly tak«s away our breath by its audndty. 

" Now," she aaym cheerfully, " I could t«II yon how you conld occupy 
an idle day on board a yacht eo that you would give a great deal oT 
happiness— quite n ahock of delight — to a large number of p^^oplo," 

AVell, wc are all attention. 

"At what coRtl" says the financier of our party. 

" At DO OOBt." 

Thu) in Htil) tooni po\>miiaug. Why ahoold not wo iiiptautly dot ahont 
vkjng nil thoM people happy t 

ink, and let 
a lonnH 



tyoa hftvef^t to do in to gel n. copy of tho Fitli or of th« 
■such piper." 
T«a ; ft&d lunr aii> w« to got (tny so^ tfaiog 1 Hun hM do poafr- 
No mail csUs at Cuuuu Newspapen do not grow on tlio rocks 
Itxh brucutiule. 
■* TIowtTor, lot ut fmppniie th*t vo have the pap«r." 
** y«7 wolL All }'ou luiVQ to do is to nt down and tales tbo advor- 
tbemeats, and vrile to the people, acGoi)tiDft fUl their o&ra on tbcir own 
invw. Tbd nuin who wanta BOM. for his sLooting in the autumn ; the 
Bisn wbowQl (tell bu steam-yacht for 7,00M. ; Iba cnrate who will take in 
saaiber Touth to tx>inl at 200t. a yetu-; tlw lady wlio wnnte to lot bor 
ootmtT^-'lioiiH during tho London aoason ; all tho pooplo who nru aiixioiu 
lo wll ilUnga. Vou oAer u> lake then all. If a man hns a yacht to lei 
' >u wUI ]>;iy for DOW jerseys for tlie ro«ii. If a man Uaa a Iioum 
. von vill Uike&U tbo fixtures at his own valuation. All you 
^iJTv to do la to write two or tbn.« hundred lottoi's — aa an anonymoua 
I, at eouiM — and you tnalw two or threo hundivd people quite de- 
(ar perliaps a whole week ! " 

Wrd atnrcd at this young lady on if she bad gone mad ; but 
tben WM only a look of complaer^nt frtendlJnewi on Maiy Avon's (aaa. 

"Yon oitan tlutt you write sbam letters I " myn her host«M. "You 
piU Ibote onfortttunto pooplo iabo believiug that all their wishoa axe 

ItBbMll" • 

"Ilol yoo make them liappy ! " aayi Mary Atqii. onnfideoUy. 
"Vn — and the diflappointmeal oftenrnrdsl" i«torts her friend, 
whb indigtuition. " Imagine their disappointnwnt whon they 
I Uicy bar* hnm dnpcd I Of courso they would write letters and dia- 
*oru that ti>e nnDnrniAtiii peraoa had no exisleneo," 

"Oil, DO I " ny« Mary A ron, (uigtvty. " Ttiero could be no such gr»kt 
'^tfuintincnC The bnpinueaa would IjO doGuite and roul for tho time. 
^^ iiaappoiDtmnnt wonld only )<e n hIow and gmdual thing wbra thoy 
*0n4iKiaiuwtTcuiuiu^to their lottor. You would make tliein ha{ipy for 
* *li«le week or w l>v aceeptloff thftir ofTer ; wbereaa by not auavfeiing 
'■■'t-.T Irttur or lottr-nq yon wonld only puzzle them, and the matter 
*'uuU drop away into foigetfulnML l>o >-ou not think it would be an 

Oana oo deck, you paople ; this girl has got dem'?iitciil. Anil behold I 
** *^ emnge ooce nnro intii tbu Miniighl and wbiiling a-pany and wiuil, 
** t&d that we ant iwaring Sk}*e again on tho port tack, and now it is 
™ moalh of Loch HraMdaile that we are a|)proaohir>g. Atid tb«ae 
PQ'*tiefn)ck,oulstat>diiig from Ibecltfia, and worn by theuottliBmaewl 
*' Why, tbme must be Maeteod'a Maidens ! " says Angus Katherlaad, 
^■tutdlitijt ooe of <lio charts. 

Atkl then Im discontMs to ua of the cut-ioui Csociee of sailors — paanng 

yuir U> yuar — and reoogniaing aa old friends, not 

I tb<- atnui{{« ooolbrmatioDi of tho rocks— dind giving 



to tliese the aara« o( penou ftnd oT kuinuls. And ho tliinks Matf h 
Eomething mom weird nni] sti-ikiiig ftboat theso Koliuu-y uiil aea-viin 
rocka fronting ibe grMt Atlantto thou ulwul any oomparKttrdj uoJoi 
%)hinx or I'yramid ; u&til we ivgnjd tbo Kimlit [lillikK, utd their fKllri 
»itrfiic« aud their aKarp sliadovii, with n narl of morbitl iuiaguuitiDii ; ul 
wo diiBoover how the sailors h«v« fauciixl tbeiu to \>o titono vrotaAS ; W 
wttBoc in the Urgest of thorn — her head nnd shoulder tilted oyer » bt 
— Mime rt-tetubtancv to tbu pontton uf the Venus diacorercd at Mtlo. All 
thi« is vcrj fino ; hut siuIdciU; the sea piU darkoiMd over then ; a tfufl 
ooniM rouriDg out of Loch Bnicndaile; John of Skye orden tlieiatf 
alxMit ; and presontty wu aitt runmng free before thu puff finni Out aoilfc- 
etut. Alait I tthut ! we b»vo no sooner got oat of tho reach oC tbe etfOtS 
than the wind haclcii to th« fiuniliu- north, and our laborioos htntiag ba 
to be cootinDed m krf»re. 

But we are not discontented. Is it not enough, as tho goUUn sal 
glowing nfU-rnoon wears on, to listen to the innocent prnttle of timtf 
nminn, wliose miml hna been (ired by the si^ht of thot^ jiiUxnt of nA. 
Ho tsIU OS a ^nreat nianjr T^maikable things— about the tumUahif 
between Gaelic and IniOi, and heCwtx-n W«Ub and Armorican ; and b 
discnwca the uso uf tLo Dniidical atonnt, ilh to wheLhtT the priesU followW 
■orpont^ worship or dcvot<>d tlicue circW to human MicHGce. He teUt » 
about tlip rict« and Scot« ; about Fiiigal and Osuan ; nboiit the doings d 
Arthur in his kingdom uf Strathclyde. It iaa mDst innooent. 

" YflB, sir," saj-a Bnco — quilo gravely — tJioiigb wo are not qi 
that he is not making fun of our siingile-hfarted Ijaird, " thci-e can bi at 
doubt that the Aryim ruce that GrBt Bvept over Euro])c epoko a CeltK 
language, nion:* or \osa akin to Gaelic, and that they 'voic jtusbcd out, \fi 
BUOMOsire wnvea of jKiptiktion, into Rritiany, and Wales, and InrliBi 
and the lliglilandc And I often wonder whethor it wa« tiicy thcmwlni 
tJiat modeatly culled tlieinselreB the foreigners or strangors, and affiiw 
that natno to the Und thuy Inid hold of. from UalUia iind Oaul to Gail*- 
way and Oalwny I Tho Gaelic word jail, a ittnuigor, you find ewiywhaa 
FiiigjJ himw-If is only Fi(mn.rjnil — the Fair Stranger ; IhMi-gall—^ 
in, the faniiiiji,r Dugnid — or the Black Stranger — is vliat tlie IsUy peo(Jl 
call a IjQwIandpr. Hu-tm-Gaul, that we paused tho other day — that is tk 
FoEtdgner'8 Point. I think there can he no doubt that the trihea tM 
first brought Aryan civiliRation through tho vest of Europe qrakaGsifiB 
or eomothing likn Gaelic." 

" Ay," stiid the Laird, doubtfully. Hewaa notsure of this young nMk 
He had hcan.1 florjcthmi; about Oaolic hoing spoken in the Oardea 
Eden, and mispcct^il tlicrt' might be a Joke lying about BOtnewbereL 

Howi'ver. theri" wiia m> jt»kiiig about oiir F.R.S. when ho h«gan to 
Mary Avu^u huw, if hu had tiuio luid aufiicient intoi-cst in buc^ things, 
woidd )»t to work to study the Basque people and their language — d^ 
strange remnant of the old race who inhabited the vest of Eorope In^ 


WHrrK wises : a tachtino homanck. 


t, or BrltOD, or IVnoiui, or Ti-uton bad motlc Iiie npprAranco oo 

M>);lit thfipy &ot have UsdiUotu, or cuHtoias, or vfrbal aiirvivftU 

^. T:■ hU nof Uinr jtro-ltittoric fornfathersl Thn I^ird Beettted quite shoclced 

bou ihkt but favourite PicU aod Scots — aud Fingal and Aitltui- aii<l 

\h» rest of tlirm — were mere modom inlcriopers. ^Miat of tho 

Ka^MwJou* nvo Otat occujiical ibese lalands buforo tho grtat Aryan tide 

> — 'f p< otvT (mat tbo East 1 

Vi'vll, Uita was lad CDongh ; but when tko Doctor iirocoeded. to dedaro 
b£^ oonvtctiou tlMt no one bad the least rouiidiition for tiw variou« cunjce- 
t«»z<Mabotil tbm pwpoan of thoM M-calkil DrtuJiculstuan — tbat it w^ 
aU. > iiiaUvctfgiMM>VOTk wbethoroA i-n^cded conncil-baUs, jjmre^ttoneB, 
alfcan. or atrpent-worabip — and that it wa.i quitj) po«.tiV>Ic tboui atoan 
^irwiiwytod \tx Um noB-Arj'iu) mce who iiibiibit«d KQrD|>c befom cttlier 
i^^dl or Bonua or T«atoa came west, tbe Lotnl intfln'Rptnl bim, 


" Bot," hljtb be, " tha very nam«s of thoso Rto&ee eliow they are ftf 
Itk ori^D — will }'•) tlispiite tbat I Wliat u tbo tDaanmg uf C'arnnc, 

i ia in Brtttany— fib 1 Vo know Gaelic ( 

" WcU, I know that much," said Angaa, laiigliiiig. " Oamac iiK^unti 
apiv tbe place of pib^l etoocs. But tbo Celba ataj hire fountl tlie 
. iW*, and prtiB tb«m Uint name." 

"I tluuk," aaya Hin Atod, prufuundly, " that when yon |^ into a 
^ttatlioD of nasna, yon can prove imjrtbing, And I KUppoao Qactic is ika 
•ooaouBodatiog an any ntlior lAnguago." 

Aaf[ui Sutiieriand did not ainwcr for a. moment j but at last he sotd, 
r^Urr abyly— 

"(«a»lie m a vitry romplimentAry bmguage, at all oventa, Bfan U ' a 
wvoBLu;' and brnmyicli*i '» '% bltasiog.' An ti a MoanuuticA thit — tbat 
^m 'tbo oooirho bIcMCd jou.** 

Vary pnUy ; only wc did not know how wildly tho yonng man mij^ht 
taoit ha &hUyiQg QaoUe grammar in order to say something nice to Mxry 

^—i Fatustoa worka wooden. Dinner-tune finda tui bo (itr oeroiw Uie 
^fP^Endt kbai wo am make oat the liffbUioaM of South Uist And all 
^B^K^Mouter HeiirtdeA are now lyini; in a flood of golden-red light; ami 
^P***- Ihstdtfla ofCanna, far away in ihe aouth-eaiit, atiU now dwarfed ro 
^«( tbcy lis liku a lov wall oii the aea, tborv ia a p«!oT ml, caught fVoiu 
^^ glare c^ the Binutet. And bcm U the silver tinkle of }l4ifiter tVe^ra 

i On deck iT ; andihe lujihtair is cooler now ; and tbeteare 

^L c^u* about ; > . "0"j! ^'- It. 8^ ia at tho tillitr ; and Mary Avoo in 

^B >hgiag, appartaiUy to bmetf, Boinetbtng about a Berkshire fiunmr'a 
^m fti^btar. Tbe darktieM deepens, and the ttan come ouL; ni»d tlicra ia 
^^ mm sinr — larger Ihao the nat, and low down, and burning a steady ml 
^B — 4Kat we know to bo UehinUb IiRl)tboa9(\ And then iVom time to 
^V inm Ibft ciltaoa ia broken by, " fHandhy./grrardt 'fii»tt 0fiip/"iuid 




th«t« ifl » nUling of bloclcB «nd eordn;^ and then tbo b«sd-«il( fl 
nnd awav bIh* goat sgun on the otWUek. We have got ap to tbeldof 
headlands of Skyo at last. 

Clear im tho nif^ht u, the wind atill ronies in equollii, bb*! wc but 
tlie topnul down. Into whicli indentatioD of that long, low line dtiiA 
Ud<1 shall we eieep in tha darkuoss} 

Bat John of Bkye ke^pa awny from tbfl land. Xt is post midnijk. 
^lOTe in nnthin;* viidble but the blork sea and tlio cloar sVy, and tl» iri 
star of the li;;hthonec ; uotliin^ uudiUo but Mary Avod'« bamauafto 
bendfand hw friend — tho two woiuoii sit ann-ln-arm imd«r lalfa 
donn of ru^« — some old-world ballad to (he monotoooiu aoootnpaniiMat 
of the passing MM. 

One o'clock : Uahinifth light in imuiUer now, a minuto ptMntofni 

flro, and the lilitck lino of land on our right looms lar;gei- in the dwL 

Look at tlio Bplendonr of the phospborous-eton on the mshing vaT«& 

And at laxt Juliu of Skjs n&ys in an undertone to Aogns— 

" 'Will the ImldiPn Im going below now I " 

" Goin;; below ! " he says in i-eply. " Tboy are waiting LUI 

anchor. We must be just offDuuvpgnn Looh now," 

Then John, of Skje mukm his confenion. 

" Oh, yes ; 1 been into fiunv«gan Loch more as fwo or 

but I not ILko thtt durk to Ixi witli us in going in ; and if we Ua off t3 

tlio dihvHght comra, tliu ledilie^ tho.v ran go lielow to tlicir peda. And d 

Dr. Sutherland liiniMtlf would like to dee the cbftimel iu going in, will 1 

lend bplow wh«n the dnylight oomeal " 

" Xo, no, John ; thiink you," is the answer. " When I tore fa^ I 
turn in for good, I will Icaro yon to find out the oliaiuiel for 70* 

And so thciti is a cicaranco of the dock, and ntK» and casi{>6toob 
handed down the companion. Deoch-an-doruia in the caudlo-ttt sbInoI 
To bed— to bed 1 

It is about Gvo o'clock in the morning that the Awioging ont of <1* 
ftnchor-clinin causoa thA yacht to ti'oniblo from fttem to ateni ; and Oa 
Blfle|>Rnt Ktart in their sleep, hut are ^ngnely aware timt they are at asdi 
aiichoi-tige At taut. And do you know where the brave Whils Don it 
lying now ^ Surely if the new dawn brings any gtirring of wind — •a' 
if there is a. sound coming over to us from this far land of legend iirf 
Tomanco — it in the wild, Had wail of Dunvegan 1 The niist« are ekari^ 
from the hillii ; tLo day brenks wan Rcid fuJr; the great greycHtK 
louchbd by thucirly Kuulight, looks down on (h« murmating ara. Aid 
is it the ecu, or in it tho cold wind of tho laoi'niiig, that ungx and tbff 
to us in our dreams — 



WiS^op %iUxhaxQ. 

Tuxa Armnrir'd tdgh reputation in hiH own ago voa reoo{pitsed by 
ie Bort distinguishod of his contain ixmriMi. According to AddUoa 
li Tu ot» of tb« grmtest gcmuses of hU time ; Pope, who was proud 
li id Ibo BiAop fricod, terms bim oii« of the greatest m«n in all 
fOEle Iwnitngthiii nation eirer had; Steele pnuiod Im Mmio&<;uid, 
JWdridge— an excfllent judge — called him theglorxof ^gUsboraton 
■A atnodel for conrti]' preochere. Ilia wit was univ«r»allf nckuowJedgcUrl 
dsisl Churcli nivn w«n mUvhimI liim for his learning, and Itia aplondid 
Mace wt hta trial boTore tW House of Lords motlo a Btrtmg imprGesioii 
■Ift* on frinndi and torn. The high estimate of mon who camo nndcr 
Attorbur^'a {lecwnuU inflDonoe has been tompcrod by the Ujtw of time. 
Hr it indefxl Htyled hy a modem Church historiau, " one of !)>« greatest 
autm of Bt;le, wit, and invective the Englisli Church baa produced," 
m hf Lard Stanhope as " a gneX and Mupmsing genioa ; " but this 
flUnite is, w« think, ccnaiderahly oTetebargcd. It may be tnie to tho ' 
judgiarait formed bjr hU oontetnporariea, but the len partial judgment 
■f pceterity will not Justify mieh a eulo^um. Atterbui7 vos cxnu^i- 
I H an ndodaiEtiD, aa a poUtidan, and as a man of Icttov ; but in no 
3t of intellectual activity docs ho Ktand in the foremofit rank. 
^^^ Im did aufi what he gained vm dae to brilUant talent and imlomi- 
^t «wr^. He had stiong arabition, danntloes oourage, and aa impe- 
'^ will, lud a man with such qualitioa was not Ukcly to be a laggard 

IV voluma of the Stnart Fapcn printed from the origiiuU in her 
Vaje^y'a penonon about thirty yean ago, threw ho much new light 
*pm the Bishop*! character, and on his career in oxilp, lu to make tho 
J^pMBts preriouily passed upoa him comjiaratirely wortldces. We 
■*il» as we rT«d in the pt«fft» to Attorbnry's Privat' Comtponicnc^, 
f'^Ued in 1 'C^, that such a man could never hare sacrificed Lis Icwnixl 
'^^xn to a turbuli^at faction, that he nerer would hare juatiGed 
fW be denned an unjust apntonce by acting in the eemee of the 
idtr, and that " Inurt of all would he liaTe done this with the riew 
'^fVVDotlng the interfBte of one wliom by uuny voluntary and soleion 
ibe h«4 so often abjured." We now know what Binhop Hoedly, hia 
I all aloDg.ibat Attorhnry was plotting for the PretendOT 
ridb''wa(<fratintoexi](i; and we know, too, that from the hour that 
, Ektj;land ho waa the most enei^getic aaMrlor of the Jacobite eau9^ 
iphy of Attrrburj- worthy of the ffuLjeet has yet to bo writt«n. 
fttarkia broogltt together by modem research are capablo of being 


turned to good account by « competent blogmpber, who would bftfcik 
advuitagc! of digging in wbit is compamtiraly virgin soil. Abott tm 
jeani Ago Mr. Folkeslooe Williams attecoptod to porform Ute Uakial 
OOOkqricuou&ty fiiiled.* Tlie ftutlior laaiy be oredite<d with » iwtuidenl^ 
■mount of OD«rgy nnd reading, but tlie rosQltcf bis luboutv is emiiund} 
unBatififiunton-. Tbc book is a jumble of ill-di{;osted materisls. b 
abotmd« in cobtntdictions and r«)>ctiUons, invlov&Qt remfttki mi 
ignotmnt NmerLioiu. The aimogenient iit coofuHed, und tlis critida 
pMBod upon Atterbuty und bis illustrious cootemponu-iw, wbi>n jn^it 
oommonplaoe, wben itnlepeaduat, frojueuU)- ridiculoiuL It would bt ifr 
true, howerer, to my that Mr. "SN'miama'a work is usel«H ; for if tb* 
opiniona oxproased sra voHblcaa, tlu> Iwla will bo aometimeA found rf 

The story of Fnmds Att«rbury's life, as far as we ajo aide to ttU% 
is by no maans without interest. Witt n<>:ftrd to oerioiii jxirtiourffi 
Uttlo information is to bo obtiunod, but ihatt nro jiaasaiges in liia Datii- 
tivit which will H.ttnu.-t the liistorlcal nnd litArnry stodent, nnd tbtn k 
ono at leant so exquisitely patliotiu tliut wh«ii perused at lengUk u As 
Corrmpenience it ifi likely to hold tl>Q n>&d»r Rpell-bouncL Be w«a bm 
in \<iCt'2, and cdurated at Westminster under theliunousDr. Uatiby.vbi 
for tifly-flvti yeara wielded a pow«r as heod-maater which was by m 
means wholly int^kotual. Bmden of tho Spectator will resaember tfcit 
when Sir Soger do Corerley stood boforc Busby's tomb, hn exdaiBn^ 
" Dr. Busby, a RrMt man, wbii>pcd my paiiilfather— a ver^- ^rmt nsa! 
I sliould Have gune to him uiysulf if I had not bwn a blocklMad. i. 
very grnib losn." Hntthcw Prior waa one of Atterbuty's achootastB^ 
and so, if wo oro to credit Mr. Willinms, was Nicholas Bare, hi 
a« Atloi'lmry, who was eleven years Howe's senior, left WestnutuHr 
for Oluiflt Church in ltj80, and Ilowe wan not elecUrd as a Kiii^& 
Scholar until IC8$, it is diffi-Milt to ac(«pt tho statem«nt that tiff 
worked tog«th<xr. At Oxford, Attorlrury nada liimsalf conqiicaac)> 
\\'hea he had been up two years he publudicd a Latin veraiou of A^Am 
and AdiitopM, but won gpent*r jiraiao by his defoDce of Lutbefi tt 
opportune tojiic, since st that time James was andoaTouriDg to tamt 
upon the country an alien and detested creed. At a later period t£ U 
Oxford life he onguged in nn enterprigo which dt^layed mot« suJaOfT 
than wisdom. Attwrlmry undertook the twloiship of tlio Hon. C. Boyk, 
a young man whoiK.- lively |>arts eniibled him to disoorer that tberawu"! 
great dcsl of vciy good RCiuie " in John Locke, and whoee unwise aoiljoDo 
tempted him to enter the lists with Bontley in a matter of scholarships F»r 
thii rash vvuture, which Lord Macaulay has exposed with his aoctutMBet 
brilliancy and inci^ireness, Atterbury muKt be held in chief meUBf* 
nspoDsible. It woe ho who under his pu{nl'8 name took the priodfil 

• Mtmoir' cml Comspanileiict tif Francis Attrftmrg. t>.D.. Biskfy? 0/ lUtiui''- 
with t^oliiM nfhU Diilinyuishfd CoiilftapyraTiM. Compilwl chi^fl^ fitxn the Attwtoj 
audSluort Fapcn. £)- Fulk«it.«u« VTilliatnt. 2 vulf . AUea and Co. 



fUt'anflTiiigio'Pentiefit DiMifrlatl&nMtm Ifu EpiMdi* of Phalaru. The 
iidi«iUc of Cambridg* hid treated Christ Ohiirch men with contempt, 
^ttilAtlar1>ui7,wiUiBDma&lig:t)the)pfVomotbcr8, utKlertook todrfcndhia 
■C«0^ In doui}> lliia lie mana^ to make a Imrn^d diamisaion lively 
^H^HlMt|fc^fc In learning hn ww coinpnnitiv<-lj n pigmy and Bmt- 
^l^^^^^^^pLtterbury tna a nUhlter of stylv, be- hml wit uid rhetoric 
llUicAiamuid, and "a mind inaxhaustibly rich in all tlio rcgoutVM cf 
omtnivffray." AfUr a time Ueotley, »a might have been expected, deino- 
bM btf aanilant, but Atterbmy's immodiato snceess wsa extraordinary, 
■w) Ui book, according to Bentt«y'8 biograiiher, eiyoyed an extravagant 
popikrity. AndUustuoocsaisnot, porliiiiM,aaq>riiiiii<;. Thobookprofonod 
bi a leanud di«ortatiori, nnd the subject to bo discoMod WM oao for 
cBhcrioB argnniEnt, b«it Boyle's examtnaUon of Dentle}''s Dintertntton \% 
npltU vltli Mrouiin and wtt, and with the personaliti^ which wick«d 
bmua Batore lind« so attractiva The -writers conlJ not confute B^nt- 
Isy, Irat ihoy oould pcrile and im«r at him, and they did thia in such a 
*kf uto exdtAthe mirth of thnir nndpra. Moreover, Christ Church 
m put upon Ita dofrnn!, »nil Chrlit Cliurcli men wore likvly wai-mly to 
Vitetnnc a -vottuu*.' which ddcndtK] them with cnK^h s[iirit. Bvutlvy hiui- 
mU UatiM Ihnt tlie hoolc was at fint rc^rded an niiansw Arable, e\*cn 
Uaani lux own friciMlai. " Nobody," aaya Disbop Monk, " lUApecteil lliiLt 
U woal4 renlitre to t«])ly, bUII kes that bo could eror n^u bold up hia 
Uid b the rvpuhlic of letters ; the blow waa thought to be futal." One 
rf tttf ituat brilliant portiaos of the rola mc is said to have been writldi 
I7 Stualridj^ )>ut AlterliUr^'s share in the work co&sist4^d, 04 he himeclf 
■41a to lki]rk>, *' iu writing more than half tlie liook, in reviewing a 
r«t [xkTt of ibe mt, and in transcribing the wlwli?." Bcntloy, had 
Im I««i a amaller man, would have been cmshed by the wita, for Swifb 
kWi took tlu9 field Bgalost him ; Sir William Temple, who wa>4 iiopidarly 
F n|Bu4cd aa tU^&nnt vritor of tJiouf^* called him a "dull, uunannei-Iy 
L pMhat^" aodGattJi, a imall pocC, but a respectable pbyaiciui, roUuwedin 
H ihi mnt atrain of depreciation, and itwd that us diamondii take a lustre 
H Ann thoir foil, u " to a Beatley tia wc owe a Boyle." It U plnuuint 
H to hiow that thti oonttoreny between two distinguijiheil men did 
H B(4 imilt iu |ienoanmt estrangement. Atlerlnuy must have neen thnb 
F ^ *u wonted in the eaeoant«r ; bob In after years, when Atterbnry wa« 
tltu) nfChriit Church, and the Ounbridgeecbolar Hasterof Trinity, we | 
Isltfw farmer thanJusg Beatley fur "that noblv pnceot of yovir new 
*^iiaDtf Honea wlucb yov ware pleased to make mo," and adding, after 


' SrWloD TooiOg wa* ladefd iho ori^ater of tlw conirortny. for if In hul 
■^lii^Hi diB BfUlUt ^ italaris in bii MUjr spoa An^itnt ami Modtm Itarwiiigr I 
*^I^«f QirlMCbttiv!i«MJdaMbaTsuk*d Ttnylo to »<!it tht-A'/'u/^. andtbiifi-wl 

tb 'i» Chrut Chvxb MlitMaad Bgatlu; wviill liaT« had nn rx^iUDce. it«a<I«ni 
>' emtmtj viUi nsanl to tilt com Ciuaaiu " war between BanUoy am) 

niAirrMj to UoDk'i lift o/Jimlltp, aot) to tba Ont voloBt of Sniii^M 
- "^ vtitpl by Uw R*T. AksaiHkr ^ra. 


a. pcriual of tlifi whole work, that ho legards it as " eTOiy waj vjotl to 
the expectutJoD nised of it." The yoiing man ia vrhoee name ABtatRj 
publi8b«d this famous reply to Bootle}', KAios to liave been disntiiM, 
and wdll ho might ho, (or Km {Xieition as the notcinal author of Uu haA 
WM fnr from euviablc. Att^tbiii^ compKins to Boj'le that lUaUee 
Lm not been duly Approcutod. AfW Tcminding bim that tlw vodcbid 
ooHt him the toil of aiz moothii, he adrU : " What I prDint»«d m;«lr 
froia hence vas that 8ome nerrice would be clone to your reptilataaa, ui 
that you would thiok go. In the fint of ihea» I was not muftakea. A 
the latter I am. . . . Since you eamo to England no one expreaaioa tin: 
I know of, baa dropped from you that could ^vo mo resaoo to betim 
you bad any opinion of vbat I had doa«, or oven tckok it kindly fit* 
ma" It may be doubted whether the rdations of Atterbury and Bojb 
ati tutor and pupil had nver boon satisfactory. Att«rbury was mllH 
and fretful at Oxford -. hi:« lunhitionncededanider sphere. To hii&tte, 
the Hector of Millon, in Btickinghanixhire, he writes : " I was ntadit I 
am aurtr, for an(>t}ier scene and anothar sortof convcraation, tbon^ilhl 
beon my bad lit'Ck to he pinned down to this. . . . The only benefit I etr 
proponed to m^^f by the placs ih studying, and tluit I am not ahleto 
oompatiB. Mr. Boyle takca up half my tiino, and I grudj^ it him aot,br 
be in a fine gttn lloman. . . . Collognand tinivemty businces takm apt 
great doal niort^, mid I am foi'Cpd to be uwful to the Dean La a t^BMod 
patticiiUnt, tto Ui'it 1 hax-e very little time." Tbo Itcctor in reply nfo- 
uinndb hU twQ for Iieh imchriEtiiLii spiiit, njid aflcr ailvi^iog him in a pmu 
utrnin to servo Qod contentodly in his Htntiun until lio is called to matt- 
thing b«tt«r, doeccndfl from tbcso li«tf;hta to a worldly pi<>«o of ccoaKL 
" For matching," writm thia devout clorgyman, " there is no way for pre- 
ferment like marrying into some family of interest, either binbop'soraid- 
bisbop's, or some courtier's, wbidi maybe done with ncoomplisbmeotiiaJ 
a portion too; but I may write what I will, you cotuidoi' little aixl dii- 
quiutyoarsolf much." Theaon did eventually pro&t by hi^ father's adri:! 
by marrying "ti portion," for tbo lady of his choice bad 7,000/., hottl 
other respects the match waa uot likely to gmtify the Rector of MSloi, 
for Katheriue O«bom, who ia i&id to have been ft great beauty, waa ilW- 

Having taken !ioly orders and for^ikeu Oxford for Lcmdon, Att«* 
bury rose rapidly to fame as a Court preacher. He obtained the lectvrt- 
ship of St. Bride'a; ho was chi^sen praioher at Bridewell Hoqiital; b« 
was appointed chaplain in ordinary to King William; he had tlf 
honour of being challenged for his opinions by that famout tlic«}oipc^ 
pugilist, Dr. Hoaitly. Atterbury wtin now in his element, Hewata 
maa of war from bia youth, and lovbd the touad of the tminpet and the 
din of arms. It was in tlio field of controversy he was deatiiiieil to n« 
to fnnie ; and though, no doubt, Pope did hU friend jiutice wImb kt 
wrote sym pnthetical ly of his " softer hour," it waa uot often or for Im^ 
tliat this liery Cburchman carod to lie down in gteen pnAxinf, tf ■ 



b7 still wfttere. Tn 1700 he pufaliiilied a book entitled TA« 
tSynts, roKxrt, hivj Prtuifcyc* oj" an En(fli»h Convocation Stattd and 
^inJicatft, vrhivL wa» -wiu-njly appUmfel by High CUurctiucn. Con- 
itiion liad been suHpoiiLdc>d for Rome yairs, when Sir Bariholouiow 
^iLttler to a Convitcatwn ^fan formed iho iircludo to o. vdiumont 
>tracte(l coatroveray. Sbotf er aasoitcd that it was tbo undouliteil 
right of Convocatiou to oonfcr, debate, ami resolve vritliout the King'* 
. a stAtemeiit highly occepbtblc to tho Jacobite clurgj'. Dr. Wake, 
t-known clctgymuu of tliu op]>oiiitc iscbool of thoujjht, replied U> 
3wer ; itnotlinr Convomtion mikn entered into the controversy', and to 
Wnke Tcpliod also ; nnd now Atterbury, who iuptn.>d to bo tlie 
of the High (Thurcb •pasiy, undertook to ausn'«r Wiike, and, in 
lie judgmeot of WarbuHon, amiwenMl liijn BiiccCfisfully. Ue argued 
. there was tbo name iohcrcat right la the cloigy to moot in Convooa- 
OQ as in the laity to meet in rnrli&mont. His ar^ment wii$ opposed 
' Burnrt, Ktmuet, and otbeni. Wiiko also supplouieiited thvir attai'ks 
in u folio I'oluDio. Tim weiglity dit^cunmuu vaa not wholly; 
thaKing allowed t'onrocation to assemble, which it did witli somo spirit, 
for tlie Lower House r[usrrelled with the Upper, and cliiu-ged Bishop 
Sumet witli iieresy. The ijuaiTtita Iwtvreen the two Houhca in thobo 
days contioned for a long period, and must have been far from edifying 
to l<^al Churchmen. According to Burnet^ a great heat was spread 
through tho whole clergj' from tho Cru thus raiseil in Convoottion, mid 
no doubt Atterbury nddtid oil to tlio flmnca, like the man wLo stood 
bohlnd the fuiiiace ir. Bunyau's allegory, 

Ueanwliile,aiuplo clvriwil huuours full to IhuRhare of Attcrbur)-. la 
l70! be wjis appointed Archdeacon of Totness, and aftflFwarti^ pro- 
id ot Exctvr; ia tho same year the Lower Itou^ of Convocation 
itd him "for bis learned plutu in osfertiitig and vindicating their 
ght«," and by tho Kpccial requetit of that Iwdy Oxford conferred on him 
tido of D.D. Uu liocumc the fnvourito chnpliiin of Queen Anne; 
id wh«n Prineo Cicorgo died, showvd hJa sui'piiiisiug cloqiii'ucc by I'cpi'O- 
iting "his nna.>aumicg virtues iu Riich high relief that his widow 
Id not help feeling lior irreparable Ioah." 

During tho Qno^n's roi^, Att«rbury'ii career was one of unbrokon 

srity. From tho Deanery of Curlislo he passed to that of Chrixt 

aurch, and when in 1713 be Bncccodtd Spnit ns Duin of Westminaler 

id Bisliop of Rochfistor, it wax thoti^^ht that tiiiK preformeiit would lead 

ivectoally to tlio pl^mncy. Theae wei* yeam of hoiw and ambition, 

active work and high social intercom ne. It may be well therefore; to 

' a little over tbia britlbnt period cf a troubUd life, nnd to not4 

variona aources micli incidents as mny tlimw light upon hig 

^duuacter, or oa tbo cbarectvr of bia friends. When Deaii of ()arll/sla 

Uv«d, for a portion of tbc year at loiist, in Church Lane, Chelsea ; and 

Jwift, wlw bftd lodgings oppodtfl. refers more than once in bis Journal to 

}t«lbi to hid " utigbbodr ovci- tiio way," Already wo Icom iWi M,\ct- 

TDL. XL. — SO. 237j^^^^^^.^^^^ -. i\. 



buty wu troublod vttb gout, but it <lo« not scorn to have luodoti 
soaisJ ei)Jo}'mRnts ; uid ve rend of invitatiotu to dinner from the Dcu, 
And of dianer partiea «1aewherc. ThiLs 8irift writen, at a tiino whoik 
bftd taken up bis loattera in London : " I wnlkod to Ch^l^oa, AttA n 
thore W aiiw this iiiormii<;, sind th« Dc&a of CarliElu itnd I crontd ll* 
water to Buttorwai, and wxnt in bin chnriot to Grccnwicb, -whim *i 
dioGd »% Pr. GBStroII*R, and pnRsod tbc Hftcrnoon at I>wi»buu, tt tk 
Dean of CiUitarburyV . . . It is the first little mniUingjouniwr I kwt 
bod tbiit Biizanier skhoul [^ndoa ; nnd thej- &re the ngrefikbltxt pu^ina 
Oao c&n have in a ti-iend'ii couch Rnd good TOmpAny." AtierbaijM 
doubt found Swift " migbty good company," and no doubt Swift litej* 
life of great enjojucnt w-itb AUoi-buty, Piior, the Head Mazier of Wat 
minittn', and, to qnoto tbo ciiriouB vxprcesiun of tlie liiabop's biognplw, 
other " «iiuilly coiirivial minds," One of Atterbiirj'a early friend* aoi 
patrons waa Trelawnnr, Biiihop of Exot«r ; and tbo lotters be addraand 
to tbat Bifihop ar€i very nunicrotis, but far from (uUoriaining. ItufTV 
dent that AtteibutA' was not aburo retailing scaiidul to bis SJgaaSii 
fVicnd; and in one of bra IcttiTa there ia a ator}* told of Bnmct, tk 
famoua Wliig Bisliop of Sniiidjury, which is altogether incredible Tn- 
lawney, by tbo way, bad n grudge against Burnet for cauaing it to beq>R>l 
Rl)road that be \mi& dnink At Salisbury oue 30tb of January^ vbctuu. 
bo vrriti?«, "a verj" honest ck-i'gj'man and tbe jwoplo of the inn— wIm^ 
wiw n cflflee-boiisc too — can swear I drank nothing bat two ditbaof 
colTV*." Att«rbiiry ndrieca tto BUboii to read tbc TaU of a Tui, wiia, 
" in spite of iU profaiiomwH," is a book toboruluwl, being an " ort^sJ 
in ita kind, full oi wit, buniour, good hcu%, and Icnrnitig ; " and hn pro 
it as the opinion at OaLfoi-d tbut the Tale wiu» written by Sojitli*»i 
philips, tbe fiint a whokr, tbe se£X)n<.l, a commouer, of Christ Chuni. 
Tn nnotber letter lit^ rc'tunis to tbe same aiibject, seems to suspeet thai H 
waa written by Swift, whom as yet he did not know 
observtw," Nothing con pleasemorc tlmti that boDkdotb beront LonilcB.* 
Alterbmy wns supposed to hnvo a fiiit? taiilc for literature. His sdnifi^ 
tion of Milton is said to have lifUKi profound, and yot ve find bim ^atg 
Popo to " review and ]>oliHb " •S'duucn. AgonitUa ; be is said aUo to ban 
b«^ ft good critic of poetry, and yet wo find bia telling hi5"T»il'- 
luim friend" that all veraes ahoold point to some Wioful trutb, and luw 
instruL'tioii at the bottom of tbem. " Tour poetry," he wrote to Pq^ 
" in nil ore-r moraUty Bom the beginning to the end of it." He «« tbt 
Fope'a strength lay in entire, and had more than onco urged bia not u 
leave hia tiilent unemployed; but when, many years aiVr tbia adTJa 
was given, the JJunciwJ appcnrod, bo COOSldcrpd tbat tbe poet buJ 
tn^agud " in a very iiupropsr and troubloaomB ecuffle, not vot-thy of bis 
pen at all." " Rcmombor," he wrltwi on ouo occasion, '* Vbgil died it 
fifty-two, and Horace at fifty-eight, and, as bad as both tbeiz- oomtitt- 
tions wore, yours is yet more doltcate nnd tender. Employ not pwt 
precious moments and great taUutia ou littlo men and UtUe tlungi^ hut 



! t loltject enrjr way worthy of yxnx ; uid hAndle it, aa you c*n, in 
m BHUMT irfaidi oobudy vlao aui equuJ or uuitote." Id Foiie'it dny 
tloort til tana of aMlity wrote wli&t at thnt tims vnui ckllctl pooti^'. 
AUertiary tbneTore tHml his band at rersa^, ant] won a1»iirdly extniva* 
|Mil [VMM &UU fneiidly mltcs. His ti-auslatious of two fitvoui-ite oJes 
rfHiinM«(Ode ix. book iii. and Ode iii. boolc jv.) are Ui<l«ec] highly vredit- 
ilik pnxIuctiuQit. Tbo charm of tToraco'a lyrics can tievor be fuUj 
m^R«tI to a fomgit idiom — ia there any lyi-ic poetry tbat vtU bear 
tnodaUan 1 — bat AtterbaryV vondon oT tlintu odea rvadg lilce a happy 
tniinUiiiL Hill aldU w a makur of original rontee tsay be estiiiifttod 
ban Uw foUowiog nog : 

Fair SyWia, cmm to Uanu m; jomb ' 

For bada; IovmI bttatm i 
Ba men, till tJiHy ban luned tka tnth, . 

SuauB* d«mM a^oco. 

Sj- iHBrt. "t ii In*. ha« ofUa nneed h 

A ail Bttij" a tboiMuul Iotm ha* ciung^d 
TUl it VH flxcd oa joaia. 

Bat, SjlTMi, wfam I aaw thoM tjm, 

*T vaa Mxm dvti-nninod than ; 
SUn might an «tll fonako tbo »](i««, 

AdiI TBuiah into air. 

Vhaa I rracn thin gtnl nlo do en, 

Xov b«antii^ Id odort, 
TSmj I »s*ia diru vaailtr/r, 

AihI aer«r mU1« mort. 

Till £ri«Di)alup betwwD Att«rl>ui7 ami Popo did liODOur to both 
*■>• Tkti hiaiuip, Uiure ia RnBOu to beliovv, Crcqocntly foond hia 
■V to Twiekonham, and Pupe would " lie at the Dcan«ry " vrbm be 
ttae to Ijonduu. ThithtT be weal oa tlie ereoing before the fuitenJ of 
t^ Ihke uf Marlboi«ii{{li, to " aoralise on tbc vaoity of huxDao glory ; " 
{«>' It ia proliabla he waa atao preaeot ia iLt Abbey three yeara 
I b^ wbcn Atirrbury ttad tbe liut cerrioe orer Addison, '* with 
I oMci^ and tolcmaity." Atterbury bad opiiuou of hi* own oo 
MUcn {netioJ, uid did not bexitAta to azpren tbem. He prcfunvd 
*i»ak fens to rhyme, beliered thai In. bia Keart Pope pnfiuTod it aLiu, 
■addkraHud the aulfiect with the poet afpia and mgaia. " Forgive nie 
tU rnor," be write*, " if it he oar, an error of above thirty year«' itaud- 
■Bf.u) which tbonfore I iball be very loth to part with." Ana Pro- 
lMuitIkiho|s AttnrbtiTT imiiit to liavo attenpted the conirernoD of the 
PM; Wt tn Tvply to liifl solicitations Pope wrote that he bad " wanned 
^Wd* with the co utr o ^enj betwem the OhurchM when t|uit« a boy, 
*•! Iw&d hiinaelf a Tapiit and a Fi-ot«8tuiit ty turns, ac«urdiag to the. 
^ book be read ; and bo ubKr\'i.ts ia Urn ktitadinarian touft at n ' _ 
I *Whu DO deof ly raot«d eoavietioia, that ha boU«>-M IWq u uq tut\ 


diflereoce between Uw Biahop aod liiuuelf^ that lie bopw alt dinrcliea 
M hr of Qod u they itn rightly ouJentooct, and iMJiU man pertlneatl; 
tlint lie detwbi the Mvo^^ted nutliority over prinee* Mul States ninrpei 
by OiQ FkpMcy, and Uiat therefore be u not & Pa|)ut, but, in the arictaa 
B«nse of the wonl, a Oatholio. 

A oommon fi-ieod of the Kshqi tatd the poet was the Duehttn o: 
Buclin^liftm, Prinoeu Buokinghnm as Walpole calla ber, aa Lllt^tuitat< 
danghterof James IL The lady was proud of her parent*^, aod is stud 
lo have wppt over her fa-thcr'a grave at St. tiertnain's. She ihoweJ hot 
pride also in anoUKr way, and in her lost ilbcsa mad« bcr Ud!c« vx»v 
ibui if aho bocams as&selna they wenld not ait down in the room Wbn 
she was dead. She wrote on elabontte descriptioQ of her own character 
and pereon, -which Po])u Gam.-ct(.-d, and tdui in oaid to hnvo qunrrolled witb 
the poet while accepting bis eorroctMHia, and exhifaicing her ehatacter to 
ber friends as bis oompositioQ. Whatever mi^it have leen bar fiuJta 
the I>ach«as proved a generous friend to Atterburr, and in the time oC 
his poverty ptesented him vitb a Lhonsand pountls. When tho BJaliop 
was in exile she abowod in many femimno ways hor Iriondsliip for hi 
dsMghter, Mrs. Morifie. 

Atterbury is said to liAve been one of tluKo turbulent and overbeds* 
ing men whoso rash policy frigbtois tJwJr friends. UU boldness o' 
dnubt approached fiooaetim«s to temerity, and cautious men at a bigbl; 
critical pBriod wotild niiturjlly avoid a friendship tliat might prow d*n 
gerouB ; but IiU tiinoerity tta a frietid cannot be cnl!ed in quention, ax*< 
from this jvoiiit of view his character ounbains much that id etjtiniable axi' 
attmctive,* Of bia personal peculiarities little is recorded. The 6o< 
portrait by Kneller in the ball of Christ Church shows tJiat he 
idngdlariy handsome; wq know both from Pope and Omy thai " mitt*" 
Atterbury would nod the head," a geaiure whicli he osnd wbca bo ^r** 
pleased ; and while his mannersarc said tobavo been courteous, we bav* 
many indications that hiK temper wns far from equable. He BcknoV' 
MjpR that he tras aociiwd of wanting temper and disoT«tJoii, and UMSf* 
wore good groundit for the accusation. But we have no meanH of gniiJng 
such an Moquaintanoe with Atterbury as we can gain wiUi aome of ^ 
friends or acqaaintanoes — with Addison and Steele for example witli 
Pope and Hwiii. Hii boolcH or lettontetlus little of tbeinan; tlMlattsf 
of bis ftiends, while testifying high admlntion and even alToction. tell ui 
even leas; but ooeasionally we discover a depth and tendcmen of fox- 
ing which is nil tlie more winning because oiJoolced ftv. Tho Christin 
nrlttca of moekDeas and gontleocss were unknown to Uiis Clirfattis 

* AtUrbtuy. ikil««<1, eonld not only htnutt Jntm fn»*4» t " 
and of on« of time, I>r. Wall, it !• paul tliat tind ibe U<»lMip I 
Iw would hiiTu tielilnl np Wliillli'lmry forrrt »( bia v»n exjtue. 1 
tJM way, vats tititnouritl, wliru: mlmiratiiiii i* rtTiIoohifBl vdIdh; ibr 
of bi< [wriihionew, be neref pro;.i;iif J cti Any »u)>jmL ftittoHy ynm ■' W. S<«l>a>U^ 
BUtpi whoa he «Md te op«n agoiiut tbe B*|iii»ia.'' 




His gifts were of another order, but they vrere aiich ns would 

»TC prolmbly made him the moHt cnnxjiiciioiis ocdesinstic of his centiiiy 

Queeu Anue, instead of iy'wg at foi-ty-uinc, lived bo a good old age, 

Atterborr was fifty-two years old wheu Airno Ai^iii, and from 

that moment dates tlie dnwiifall of bia fortun^i. His " implacablo dia* 

aSectioo " to the House of Hmnover 'n'a8 well knowa, and bo otTcivd to 

pradaim Jiunpa HI. in his e{)iacopal dveea at Charing CroBS if Boling- 

bniko woulil Hustain him in so doinj;. Bub Bolingbroke loved hi» lie»cl 

too well to risk it in no poriloiuj an «nt«rprim.', and AttciVur^ ht 

id to have deplored in vnry imrJarical langiuig** llifl puaillanimity of 

kt stale" The Difthop vili thei^efore foiled, though miirh against 

will, to take tli« oA,tlia to tha Hovso of Hanover, &nd to act Ma 

rpai-t in thp coronation of that diitingnished potcntato King Qetjvge I. 

BolingljToke, it isscai-celynoccMiiuy to say, went into exile, but Attcrbury, 

though no doabt duurly -watched by tho spies of the Oovennnent, wafl 

rlefi in posseNitun of hU See, and b<?came Imdirr of the opposition in the 
Houm) of Lords. Thnt Attcrbury vrns dteplj implicated in thu ploto to 
restore the Staart dynwrt-y thpre cAn \» no doubt, and the prosp<>ct of 
tuch a restoration waa not wholly chimerical. The Pretenderwas partly 
a fool U)d wholly a Papist; had he been a Protefttout aiid a man of 
ability, it in prolAbte he would have reg:unod the throne of his ancestors. 
Personally no EngliBhman car«d for Oeoi^ T.; loj-alty to him waa 
Icryalty to a principle; and if rclijjion a.nd libeiiy had been aa 
0ecur« under Jnmea as nndcr Goorge, thei* wci-e many reasons for pre- 
ferring the claims of the rret«ider. But James c«idd not be trtisted ; 
and tlio dnn^m arising from tho acocsidon of n new t1yna«ty, although 
lar from trivial, wwe not to !« weighed Of^innt the risk of mIchow. 
ledging n Sttmit ctirced with all tJie faultK of his race Hiid with na»ny 
nnkingly fikultit of his ovm to iKwt. Atterhiiiy, liowevor, aUhoogli he 
aevep wavered in his ProteHtantiini , ventured to incur iha riak. He 
lielieved in hereditarr right, and he accepted the asaorancea of James 
I that the foara of liia Protestant subjects were unfounded. For years the 
^K 3ubop appears to have conrspondi'd undur f<iigned iinmeK and by tlio 
^^ help of dphcra with the "king over tlio water ; " but the plot whicli li-d 
to bis imprisoumi-ub in tho Tower and ultimate cxilo wna not discovered 
mtil 1722, wivftn in the month of August ho waa arrested for hijjh 
1^ tr«aaon. It ha* Ux-a wiid that Walpole liad ftttenipt*'d to niWnci? the 
Bsishop of Rochc9t«r, -whoijie attacks on the Goverumunt wero idiko 
^' brilliant and effi^ctive, by the promise of the reversion of tlio St* of 
^incbest*r and ±),C\(iOl. a yew in the meantime, provided he woiiUl wiUi- 
draw lus opposition. Comiidering Sti' Pobeit'e passion for bribery, this 
ofier ia not iin|>oaaible. Atterburj', however, was not the man to accept 
. u. bribe, and so, according to the Biiihop's eulogists, it waa reaolv'eil to 
ruin him. If Walpole, who was never scrupuloua, adopted, as some 
writani assert, a shameless plot in order to get rid of hia foe, tliere can he 
DO doubt tkat be had in the Biahop an ensmr too dangerouK to ba 



despiaeiL The pari i-Uyed hy AtUi-buiy was ntrongly smpectc4 lul aiA 
cerUinl; knawn in bis own day. At bis tm) he callod Clod to vitnailQ) 
muoceDGe, bdiI wbt-n Fopo took trnvc of him in the Toner Im loldliu 
&i«)d b« vould nilow liim to cdl bis wotcaoe tt just ono if lie ^uM 
WW linil (Jmt h« boil dealtoga with the Protonder in hui exile. It w»> 
dnring anil gratuitous uMrlioa of tnnoconca Tbo throo lettns pi-wluooj 
ftt the Bishop'fi trial may Iiavo bwn. forgorifc,* but that ho h«j [tloUcd 
in the Joootiita cauH before leaving EDgland, imd thai on reaching th« 
Continent he daroted himntlf to tbe cause of (ho Pretender, oro no looga 
matters of oontrovenir- 

Tbe few facts raktingtotke BtBhop'ii ancsty cnjitivity, and tml, nuM 
bo brivdj told. Ihat Att«rhar]r vas vilJii^ that ford^ troops chuuU 
bo mtpIojfH] to place Jnnice tipun the throne is €videut trvai letten 
writt«u us far l«ck an 1717 and 1718; and in 1721 be aevias to bovs 
ftvonnd tbe project of tho Dake of Ormonde to land with a foroe of 
2,000 men ftx>m Spain ; liut at thia time and always, the most'notable of 
the 00Di)pirat(H«, with tho oxcqttioa of tbe Biahop himself, dUplnTed a 
vadllattoo and incapaci^ which wero fatal to tbo auocess of bo voet an 
andertaldng. There was no bund of oobesion amimg the foUowos nf the 
Fretender; there were jealoosioe, misundetstandings, and foolifib bicker- 
!n^, which Diust often luivo dnvdn biin to liia wits' end. Moreover 
thprc was tr^acliery in tho cajnp, and mvn who seemed to be vorktng 
hoortOy for Jiuncs wore ecmetiinca acting as sptea for George, niroqgb 
thnte Epioft tlio BiiJiop's Rhara in tho ci>D8pirac}' was rwealod to the 
OoTprnment. " Tt was in one of th(3 long lUiys nf August," writes Dean 
Stanle}'', "when he had aomewhat reluctantly «ome to London for the 
funeral of the I)uko of Marlborough, that he wait sitting in tbe Deoneiy 
in bis nightgown at tbo hour «f ' two in tbo afhnnoon ' — a rury iii>nwiml 
hour, one mu>--t nuppose, for sudi a drein — when the Oovonuneot c>ffioen> 
came to an^it him ; and though they behaved with some rtvpect to bim 
tboy suffered tbe mesBengera to tmt liim in a vco' rough way, threatcu- 
ing him if he did no( make ha«te to dre^ himself that they would carry 
him away nndrestoji be wa«."t 

After undcigoing a |)roLiniinary examination befbro a Commtttra of 
the Privy Counul, Atterbury wag committed to tho Tower, whore ha 
remained in durance for seven monllia. His confinement apjMian tu have 
been ninot, for he oompluinB that no pritnncr in tbo Towor of his age, ia- 
firmitiefi, and rank, ever und<!r«'i^nt ftiiob indigiutJcet; his dai^hter, Ua. 
Votive, states that for a long period fhewaanotpermiltctl to wc bim, and 
his p«r«oa waa rudely aeanhed. Pope vrit«B to U«y ; " lell Dr. Arbutfa- 

• TUt nrgiuneett nfgwl I>y llio JUr. OMr^a Tmy {/lult^ ef lit Ckvf<h nf 
FnyUxJ.ixlL Ill.p- A74) le pff<n-i) thni ibcMlttteii were furerd ai ihr tasXatimtif fir 
KoWl Wilpote u« Bol without fotw. knl ii WrtnninUuii iliBpraofimfgnilL hrtmgjbi 
itMVHnl at lb* BUhDp'H trial woaU MC nfloo to tba |ir«»ent day lo fmrv a laaa 
l^ill; of trcMoa. 

t ItMoricat MemoriaU ^ Watmiiuler JMrf, \\ WL 

ml hog's paJilings aro tliouglit daBgeroaa b; 

^iSon &*t havo lifCD iMint TO the Bi&bop of Rodies- 

fer ftra ot)M«d a»<l proAuiol; prtiil into at Uie Tower. It is tlie Snst 

tine that ikad pigi.'vus lutvo Itrea suspected of c&rrjdiifr intclUgCDca" In 

tlM mcniUi or AfTi), n'23, the Bill of Faina nnd Penalties, vrbicli iltj' 

priv«J ALterbnrni' of lii> vcclMiai^tical dignities and coailcDiDcd bitu to 

1 parpettnl exile, |»89ed its third i-cadiog in the House of Commons. On 

^■Uay 6, the ili^hop wns brongbC to tba ber of Iho Hoiiso of Lords, aud 

^B bukie « defenoo which nlTords tho bi^u»t proof we poamas of his oomniin- 

^^T"*" mbilit; utd oi-ntoHcal power. la tho courao o£ his spoccli, Attoi*- 

~ Vawy aaHu bow it wu [ueaiblo h>? coulil bi? plotting for tho Pretoitdpi- at 

tba vtejr time ho ww ttftily expeoting tbo dnitb of his wife ; wlivn h» 

" ««■ ourying oa public buildings of various kiQd4 At Westminater and 

hmnipy;" whmt he wag consniting tba hooks of the Alley from the 

fowuifa t iuo ; oud wu also eago^ed iii a cxnTeajnadenoe on tho ditic of tho 

Four OoqwU. " Is it probable," be adds, " that I ahotild hold mi^utiugtt 

uwi oonauitatioiui to fonu and forward this ooniipu-acy, and yet nubudj 

know whant, whea, and with whom Uicjr vem held t that I, who lirod 

■Iwa^a at boiaci, and never when at the J>«\B«Ty atiriod out of one 

niacD, whora I receivnl nil oonijainj promiAcuonilv, and dented uot uijwlf 

to aiiT, abuiUd have op]rortuiutiw of Mocorting such mottcn ; or, if I 

had, yn that none of my domntticti or frifadfl with whom I moat 

fiumliarly lived Hboiild n\Kt uIiserTe tinjr iipi>uuan<:ir of thin kind t " 

"Thare waa oae auBwer to thcee qtuwiions," writeci ])eaa Btanley, 

** aoaialned in a viigue Lraditioa tJist behind tb« wall of that ouo toora, 

donlrtlcm tbM library, ihcro was a wxret chamber in which tbi-ao con* 

BfihAtiooa uJiibt baYohecobcld. Kut u for bock lUtliemonuHyflf the in- 

— ■fttet of the OcaiMtyaxtenciod the incretchiuiiber had uuvoF been explored, 

^^bnd it waa only in lHf)4 tint on iJto nituoTal of a slight ]inrtitiun thero 

^^vs« feu&d a long donet bohiiul tho fireplace reached by a nido laddor, 

pnrffctly dark, and cnpahle of holding ei;jht or tcu pOTEona. ... la 

thk chasiber, whidi way Itave harboured tbe ooiupincy of Abbot Col* 

dtfatar ag^unst Uenrj- 1 V., it it probable that fIddcM may liavo been ooo- 

rihd in pn^iariug ht> life of Wolaey, and Atterhtiry in plotting igaiaat 

Ceorsv I." This is possible, no doubt, but the question arinea by what meana 

eoMpit«ton eottld i^in ndmtitaion to thia oloaet, sinee if tlie only accesa 

«M thnogh the coniBOo onLrancp to the libnu;}' they ooidJ icsarcely 

Kv raachnd tliair place of coocealuont without attracting attentioD. 
Afetarbory's aHMoirtionii at innociinoe did not satia^ his peera, and 
BID ^piuat Luu woscarriixl by a l&rgo uiBjun'ty. A budiop onavit^ted 
of t ia— go and «entea-"cd to pcqietniU cxilo was an event to excite tbe 
paMir mind, rrnynm had Ixvn ofTon^l (ot AtLerlmry in tbe rlmrchiw 
'tint he wan suflorinjf from gout, ami now, wlon the time 
i > Imre KugUnJ, tnany of his frimils oaaemblnd at the 
in a U*t rurow^ll. Auiong ttMWi IrieiulH was Popo, to 
\y prCMtatcd a Uiblo. Oti Uio following day, June 16, the 

on if 




"Ute Buhop,"«iliQ wunov calM, left iita mau-of-wmrfbrOdai^vill 
IitH son-in-law ojid daaghtar, wba had ot>lmned pennisnoa to meBeafutj 
Iiiin, and fire confidGntUl Berranti. "Hip crovrd tlut attended hln 
before Ida omba.tkation," wriUs Walpole to Lord Towssbeuil, " vas not 
more tltnn vas oz]NCtod, but great uumU-re of boats atttnded Ua 
to Uie sbip'n igde." No aoonor had ho reacbod ItnisiKlR, wLcro tat 
tamo period he fixed his iwddenoti, tliao he coptf^Ml viLh all hit »■ 
orpta, in tlw service of the Prrtcndor. Th« Ivro men nowr met, 
bat oorrtsponilonce waa now unrtRtrainal, mid few real kings era had 
a minister note dovotAc] to their itervic« than Atterbnry waa devoid 
ta the acrrico of •Taain. He was a great »itir<>rrr, as we Iultb nliml; 
Boid, trom gout ; he laboured too ondea- anothor imiitful oom[Jaint, ni 
the wuYWiinl conduct of hiH tafOnhom caused him fmjiipot trotitile, bat 
WJlher bodily |iain nor infoUD aoxiety could tcascn hit) n-al for th£ odum 
to -which he bad ilevot«d hia lifu, " I do nod nuit lo>-o my coanirf' Ue 
aaid, ''with all ita faults and blemi'iltai,*' an exjiroaDon which may hare 
einggefibed the tamiltar lino of Cowper ; and, mbtakfOi though we knoT 
him to have been, it is ImposaUe to t^ae^on his sincerit;. If AtteTbaty 
toiled for an unworthy object, it waa aasnredly with wortlir aims. 

Tho Btr of BroMclB did not suit the Budiop's health, but he would 
ptobably have remained tliore had not tbo roprmontntiotu of the Britiih 
Ministcni foived him to f»-liange> that cilT- for Paris. Hta pontioa 
was a thankleft^ one. Jaini>ia wim uogratWul or neglectful, tho Biahop 
joalooi of his ]Aw«>r, while the men who profeoKed (o liT« far *< Um 
cause " were full of jealonsioa and oontentioDH. 

Wo ctuinot follow Atterbury's st«]>s tliron^i hia jreani of old age and 
OTtile. To do so it woiild 1m n«w£aij to detcrib) llie plota of the Pro- 
tendei-, th« a^tatiomt wludi Rllod his little conct at Itonut, and th? dts- 
oord that provailcd among hid oounnollorain Farb. Tlirrff la much, no 
doulit, in tlie naiTativ<> nf ronii]»TacMn betrayed and ho[)t» unfulfiUcd. 
that in <l<at:r\'ing of ottcution, but thta m not the ptaco to tell ttio Ktoryai 
it dnorvex tx> Ito told, and there arc incidonta in tlio Budtop'it lEfi? of exib 
whuli, if they do not better mmt attention, relate man dowlr tatb 
ponsonal intercata. 

Attcrbury'fi Bon-in-Iaw Moriee was High Basis' of "WartintnjiWr. 
Wlit'n the Bisltop waa banished he attended to his ooncema in Rnglaal 
with tho ntniost arcidaity, and while retfttnicg his lucrative oSlc« is re- 
ported to bare made himKetf oiio of the moGt useTnl of Lho Jocotilta 
agGota. Ho oVtained the royal KJ^a-mnnual permitting him tooorreapond 
with the rjrilfl, but lettftnt eonveying any mgnififont int^lIijoTiw w«t 
forwiinlod pi-ivitt^ly by aafe Iinmls. The letteiv contain a g'xid deal of 
information rluuactcriMlc of the age, and the mention imadentally til 
familiar names adds to the interest with whieli we reail them. In qdb 
leitei- Slorice deacriba tho perils and delays of a jonmey between Tnxk 
and Calaits and how, after a delay of some daysut llteFr«nch pon, "tbr 
governor of tbe plaC9 wss so (diil as to order the gates to be opened an 


boar Kooer thui nnuU." in ordn- that he might savo tbo ii'do. In 
mnoikm, be writes that hs hofl sent tbe Bishop Gtdliver't TravtU, and 
«dil«i, " The repuvd nuthor, Dean Svift, niada very Iciad it»)iitries nftcr 
70U Ummglhonr TwiL'kenham fri«tid, and ><-w p]«aw<l to bear bo bad 
beat msnlloaeJ \3j jroa in some of yoiir letten." Morioe has to mod 
mlaa tb« sagntcfal sows tbnt iwiao of tin woaltii; Jacobltee who had 
emtflbatrd Xt> the Binhop'x sitpport, wore itK)Dc«d or compellod by cir- 
tamatMOCM to witlidraw tbdr luiniiit^es. Tho Bubop r<}iUa with in- 
diBbccDce abuut bix iwiruiuiiry loee<^ obooi'VLng thai he hoii tnoda pcrluqs 
•hM [wrU Id ten of tbt< Juurnoy of life, and tJuUl wareoly uanl whut is 
ni]tit«[t« in imuiitAin hita 011 the rest of the way bt-fure lii* gob 

] bwae. Ue lu<t, be k\^<, two tboTi«an4 a ;»r at ouc« when ho wok 

Hnliipnvrd of bin eededfiBtiaU emohinieiitA, nnd lost it with Inw cnnnnra 
^■bftii a few halfpence at \&a,y when bo was & diib). A poiitaaipt of tbe 
^Bune letter itbowB, however, thAt tbe Dishop wim by 00 Eaeaos so rc^;ard- 
" Ins ftf worldly gear aa bo proffsKed to be, for bo senibi a tibar[> reprimand 
to MuticK for neglecting sume monny tb»t' wiut ouL iit iDtfival, imd cx- 
| i i < ww w the fear thiit ho may lo«n both int^vst luid principnt. 

Bal 11)0 iiioiitiiit«w«ljiigamlmo«t touching paitof tbo Com«|ioiiduaoa 
nlatai lo Iha gnuloal declme of tbo Bishop's bclovud and only diuighter, 
hi4 " dcAT heart " he colls her; and oven now, after tbe lapaoof a oenttiry 
■ half, it ia icairely powiblc to read tbo aad Ktory of this youug 
)*• lingKring death without r««liiig a« if wc too had loet a friend. 
Front titue to Llioe in bis tetten we k-ani that Mary Morice. whusc hux- 
I, by tlw way, novor tBlhi her by ber C'briKtioa name, is unwell, tluvt 
■Iw ii auflWuig from cold or oough, that 8li« bna bMU Ol'dorcd hoiw 
excrdoe, or scut to Ki'ntiugton fur country ur. 

Tim Biahap, pnrtly fur health'it e»ke, for he was tonueiited with tho 

gou' ' it he might e^otioniLae, and ehii?fly to r«mp<> from thn fret- 

^ful ii ii hU tiiaiikletiii post in Pnri^, rit'^U'ed in \71h to nutke & 

^■onjf Vint lu tbe &>uth ot t^-anco, to sjjoud tbo winter at Itlotitpeltier, 

^^lul |)erlMfM to go Btill farther eoutb. After tolliuj; bin daugliter that 

hb jibyiddaii iirged him to winter in a wanner climate^ ho adds : "I own 

lo jroa I have other reasoiu for tlutt jonmoy ; the chii^foit and of 

§ia>li»l wnght with me ii U»t I may )« out of the veiy appMianoe of 

n*»i^m any thiof; for a certain perwa wlio so numages lii« own btminesa 

iltat it ia impoeRlblo to do him any wrriceL I am resolved, therefore, to 

be DO wmya eneemed in hi* affiuti, bob to live retired and froB, if it W 

poaaibte, fVotn thv rory eunfHeion of it." Mn. Korioc, who was very 

unwell wfatm Uie news arrived, did not like to Loir Ih&t bor fatlier 

«M foing atill further ft^ta her. " The tlinught of your removal so far," 

•Iw wTitv, " gcMM down liku a bitter pill," nud abo entreats Che Biabop, if 

aaiwt neodfl gp, to let ber join bim nt M<mipollier. 

Fitr a wliilo Atttrbtiry, for khik) not very ubvioiis n.-nflOu, upixis^ 

'- r9 pku ; Olid rvvti wbcu bo btuid that ber health 

■ Rieivly ndvinnl lier to fjet to Keniungtjn aa <]uis):ly 





ax pftwdble, until tliey could meet aomewbare in tho yortli of Ft 
" We «ra about ei^Iit hiindi^tl iuil«i off from oqo lutotlutr," bo ' 
*'uid to fibow you how mucb I desire to ^nro you ttio tnmUaj 
Lvelliiig, six oFtbat eight uhiill be my part of the joumojr," 
many projocto of removal and of meetiog, but notbiog wm i 
Tbe Bifibop bad a severe attack of ^out, from which he scatt* exped 
to recover. Then we read of Mrs. Horioe'ii rmiling' heuJth, and lliiti 
is ordered to t-ho South of Friuico. lb was omngod that, to < 
with her husbatnil nnd some attondants, shu sliovtld mil to 
Tbo voyage wan au unfortunate one. Tbey left Loiidoii on Augwl 
tind wcni dutaincd twelve days at Dover woitmg for a obiuige of ^ 
then a Rtcrm at-oso, and the veasBl, after beating abuut far two ilaji,i 
foroeil to anchor at Flymoitth, and there too the auxions traVBUen ' 
d^ayed for more tliau thive weeks. Mi%. Sforioe was evidently | 
veaker, and her bushaud writes of bar with gront anxiety. Her< 
wish was to see her father, and the fiisbop wiiitod for news of her ard^ 
at Bordeaiix witli the utmost impatieDOC. " I thought I lovodyou I 
as much us I could poiisibly," ho wrot«>, " but I fe«) such uevr iegim't 
tenderness arising in mo, upuu thi^i terrible iong journey, aji I w oetV ' 
bcforo acquainted with." McAUwhile, hi> nfide armogcuicata for UmI 
journsj between Borrleaux antl MontpelIi«r, and wnt a scrvmni to M 
the landbg of the voyagers. Atterbury vraa weighetl down with 
on hearing of his daughter's state at Plymouth, and it ia eTiiIcxttthatt|| 
fearMl the worst, Ou September 2" tbe ship onct* more sot sail, bolj 
the .lOth she was forced back into Falmouth, and tboro, with tho 
that death was aiiproachiug, the ti-oubled voyagen bad to rouuun HTail 
days. It ivjw not until Octolier '20 that Morice oould write a liM 
annoimcLog his arriva.1 at Bordeaux, and nJding that hia vift *■ 
too weak to attempt the la.itd joui-noy for some days. She herself mUti 
A KCiiiwI, thiiiitiug lier " dmr ya.\>n " for all his " kind and tender lettff^* 
iiniK-xprcsfiing hfir anxious desire to aee him. ^o doiihtshe felt tfastif 
they did not meet soon they would never meet again in this wotU- 
Kvery day added pereejitibly to her wenknetis. It was found thai its 
conld not bear tbe fatigue of a carriage ; a l&rgo boat wa«i thctBfors hinl 
to earry Ibeni to Agon, and at tbe request of her husband, who wrote in 
great i^ltttLon, tbe Binliop hastened to meet them on the rond. lew 
wull hu dill not doluy. A litter had hctm ordered to convey Mra. Marat 
fhim Agen ta Toulouse, but none conld he obtained, and it wa* nccnw; 
to pursue tlio tetlioHB jouniey m the Imat that lia<l already carried thm 
from Bordeaux. At lengtii tiivy iMwIii-d Tiniloueo. Tho Bishop W 
already arrived, and wo i-oad bow, aft4^^■ mutual cxpreesions of cOoMR) 
and tenderness, the dying girl " jiai-tti'nlai'ly acknowledged the gnsi 
blesain^ that was granted ber of meeliii^ her dear ^ju, ani] exerted aQ 
the little life that was in ber in grasping his handA vriUi her trinoel 
force." In the night she was umihlc to B!ee]t, and a^iu^ for ber (hther, 
expressed a wish to receive the ii^acrament. After Uufi,th); liiidiopbaT 

tiio bednde, ^e called for hhn — aa sho had vtay froqucntly 
ngun mid to liiu, "Deur ija|» — what a blwaing it i,s — that 
•Acr— Kub It 1oq;i; — tntublcaome— JoiirDoj — we liaTO—lho cotnTori uf 
tiuft iDEwdog," URvina gasped out llirao word*, nho ailird Tor Iier 
luland, K]H>k« tti I'l-ok**!! ococntn of hce cIil1iIi-<';u aikI (kTVutiU, and iitfrn, 
tamiafi on her lolt Kid«, di«>) wittioula iitniggUi. '* It wm my hiuhwsA" 
wrote tba ttrokm-bnuit-d bttiei-, " to liare t«uglit Iter to die : instevul of 
ittbthut tnosbt lup. I luo oot oaliuDed, nnd wish I tnuf be nble to 
laun thnt Imnoo frotn her." 
^ Atterhurj tvturned to Fhris, and Storicn to Eugbmd, tAklng with him 
^b on that md joorDcytharoniuiwof hix wif«. ThflcorrGK]xiii(loitcol>otw«qi 
^■iba Buhop uud hifl son-iii*Uw was nmeved. We read ui one letter of a 
^P'VUt tnn Pope to Morioo, and bow tbe |>oet'a TcneratioiL for tho BiAlio{) 
il Dot 1— co ed b^ tinu! ur Rbsenoc "Our diBOOursB," ndds thA writer, 
full of you ; nor wiu the memory of dmr Mn. Morica forgutteo, 
wbocn b« had a vast value" Tho Biihop ri-ctivos r1«o somo 
it newx oT htH oldest gninddimghtnr, who i» oveijojod »t (ho 
;bt of luitiiig him lo ^iri.s and tii the moan ttmo peiida \u>r 
fcj uid n Bilk purUB oT her own work. In 1 731 Atterbnry wrote 
lut lott«r to Po]w. and nskii, " ITow nuiny liookfi hnvo cciin« out of 
ib your parla which you think I ahould ha glad to poruse I Xaine 
The catalogue, ] bclipvc, will not ooat you miicli troubip. ITiey 
bn good onn indeed ta challenge nny port of my Lime now I have 
Ir of It IcfU I, who aqoaodercd whol« days boretofore, now bus- 
boon when the ^laa lM^;i&£ to run low , and cnro not to spend them 
toi&v. At the vnd of the lottery of lifr our Inst uiiuiitctt, liku tickots 
Wt 20 the whMl, me in their Ttduation." 

The CFnd waji now approacbing, but Ijoforc it came Atterbtity defended 

^ "^■n l f from a calumny promul^ted by Olduixon — a iMtse libeller who 

^■» lieen doomed to stand eternally in Iho pillory of the Duneiad — that he 

^•al helped to garble Chmendon'ii History, a. cliur^ for which there waa 

*^*&liitely no foundntioQ. Ilia vindicatiou, to quoto the wordn of 

by, ■* ia a model in its kind, lujoinoiia, tompemto, and dignifiod.'* 

aant a coj>y to tbe Freteoder, in whicrb lie pathetically compared hin 

Iq that '>r Clarcn'lAn. Alorice &nd bu two datightcrN luid bvcn wiUi 

Kabopfor aoina time preTioiidy, brit when thv EU|)rem(> momont 

be WM nlooB. Tbe night btiforo ho dtol ho uppoored iu (rood 

and wroteMTeral lottom. In the nu-ly honn of the morning; the 

old aitomyt atiackM him in tlie Htoinacb, and after a hripf 

in tb«i «-%iiittolh year of bis age, 1733. The body 

__ „ d and privately buried t>y the fddo of hie daughter 

"VVfiOnittatcr Abl«y, not, however, befon the coffin bad been broken 


^Ihon la nothing mora to In aaid of AUeriiory, onlcA it may hn to 

■iR^uil that in jiid);iii|{ of hi» c-ondnri it will be well to view it, fnim tint 

*l*&<ipaitit of bin att« and uoi vf oitn. W« kaow what wo have 


gained bj the HaooTemn succesaion and the extdnotioQ of the Rtn ra :m- t 
line ; bat the Jacobites vho read contemporary histoiy in the days, ^jf 
George I. may perhaps be pardoned if thdr preTision of distant ^k«3. 
vantages proved less strong than their regard for legitimacy. And l.«4 
it be remembered that at one time the cause of the Stuarts aeeocxcNl 
as likely to prosper as that of the Hanoverians. If Jamee had rxot, 
as Hallam obiiervea, "given the moBt undeniable evidence of tkiM 
Intimacy by constantly resisting the counsels of wise men and yieldizatf 
to those of priests," there would, we think, have been several rhan^'AB xn 
bis favour even after the accession of George I. Had the Jacobites 
been prepared for action on the death of Queen Anne, had they proved, 
to quote the words of Thackeray, " as bold and resolute as they wezv 
clever and crafty," George, who had little to recommend him to tlz« 
virtuous and pious nation he ruled over for thirteen years, might nev^ 
have ruled at all. 

It has been recently urged by such competfnt writeia as Mr. Ledcy, 
and Messrs. Abbey and Overtoil — the recent historians of the Chnroli 
of England in the eighteenth centary — that Jacobitism was not bc 
bo2>elcss a cause as has generally been considered. After all, tiio 
question is perhaps one of less importance than it seems. A Stuu^ 
might, perhaps, have been restored with comparative ease, bnt the olA. 
Stuart principles were dead. No king could have retained power aftaf 
the days of Queen Anne who was not willing to submit to parliameiitaxy 
guvernment, and to refrain at least from any hostility to the Establislid 
Church, A king might have been called Jamee, but Jamee III. cool^ 
not have been a new edition of James II. 

J. D. 


gfalce nt gjtstperc. 

rrcDurt'* tcnto or uut nrBtrni ohtubt. 
{ThmtkUd/rom tJLe • Gimi$ia liimiui,' p. 137.) 

CMt ksde dnil bmtke nnd thought! 

Svect te toUy, Bweet in pky; 
Tftke th» plensure spring hath brotiglit 

In youtli's r [wniing holtilajr t 
B^ht it iit ttmt Hge should ponder 

On grave luatieis Onught with can ; 
Tender ywith is freo to wandir, 

Fm to frolic liglil as air.' 

like ft drcuii our priiue b {town, 

PriaoDwl in a Etiidy; 
Bporfc and fullj mra Tilth's own. 

Tender jxiiitli aud rnddj. 

I», tbo eprtug cf life slips l>y, 

Frozen wiulcr vuumm apncci 
fitreagth in miiushod ttitcntlv, 

Cato writra wrinklra od our fAOC; 
Dkwd dtic* u]> and courage Jails ua, 

Fleuun dwiadlH, joja decrataa, 
Till old ttgfi at iMt uboUb m 

WHJi lis troop or illnoMtL 

like » dreAED our prime is flon-n, 

Prisoned in n study ; 
Sport Aod folly ore youth's owq, 

Tcndor joulb nnd ruddy. 

LivA WA like tlw ^de n)-om I 
Thi» is wUiIfltD, this is truth : 

(.ItoM tha joy» of ({■•ntk kiv« 
In llie leburi! of our T<m(li! 


Keep the towb we swore together, 
Lads, obey that ordinance; 

Seek the fields in aunny weather, 
Where the laughing maidens dhnoe. 

Like n dream our prime ia flown. 

Prisoned in a study ; 
Sport and folly are youth's own, 

Tender youth and ruddy. 

There the lad who lists may aoe 

VHiich among the girla is kind; 
There young limbe delicioualy 

Flashing through the dancea wind : 
While the girls their arms are raising. 

Moving, winding o'er the lea, 
Still I stand and gaze, and gazing 

They have stolen the soul of me ! 

Like a dream our prime is flown, 

Prisoned in a study ; 
Sport and folly ere youth's own. 

Tender youth and raddy. 



J VK9 in ratboi* an ill humour ttiat nftoraoon. After n. short tiini 
about thrt tima I i«tiinin<l l« my fifflirr aiic) ti-lcj to |)aint; but 
colour bail lout ito luu-iuony for me, and com[)OsiUoo it« mpHning. I 
took uj) VaXtitc'i Dmtx Friri-Jifiincl pitingnd into tlio ilotniU of Lho mixerieis 
of Agatlia, the villMny of Philip, ami the i^nuia of Jmtepli ; hut the 
appoUuij; truth of the picture defii'etitted luiJ initatcd me. I strotcbcd 
myi^lf on th» lounge imd guva way to moody reverifN. I jactureil to 
inyMlf a nriAn five-nnd-tJiirtj' ynars of age. who had had his i-omaiice and 
I ^t cured of it n dozeu summers ago, who ]>ii^u«d himself on lus scupticnl 
and nnimpawiive tem^tomment^ who had fitllt<u into coiifinnod bnflielor- 
hood, who was pmlific of cynicaj imd pro-MalthtiaLui doctrines to erotic 
yoiinK fellows under thirty, and whoso oaiiiicnc* ia the worlil of iirt wiw 
due to the unalloyed dBVotiiiii of Itoth heart ftud bmin which he It&d 
bitiiorta luviahE'd upon it. I nitked invKoir what wa.<t tha fitting piiniah- 
noot f^>r such ft maa'H apoatftsy from hiit pi-rnriples. 

" Stich a mar," I answered mysfilf, " is not lit to he tnistod abroad. 
I condemn him to ihli^l up his Impa and go home, and I give bioi two 
bours to compIut« hie preparations for Btartiag." 

Tilt* clock — tho tall Norman clock with its round fiire of emboFspd 
I>ru8 and it«bu^ Blow swinpu^ pendulum— atrnck half-pi\st thrpe. I 
got up and ruiij; the bell. Presently a withered old lady appuurcd, in a 
black gown, white cap and apron, neat blae iitockings, and lov sliom. 

'■ Madame Enaiilt," I aaid. " I shftU Imvu you this afternoon. Tljiit 
• porlor he here at Gvc o'cloolt to take my lingxngc to tho diligiiia:; 
and, if yo« pleaae, that we make up our littb actwintu," 

Madame £iiault was crushod. She was aeut to griuta! Monnieui' 
to leave that vory d^y eyea 1 

MoDBLcur hiul ]KtrliApa encotintoi-i>d aomcthing to miacontont htm 1 
Madame Siiuult would do anything in her power to rwider tiling more 
aatudiuTtory to monsieur. 

" Mndanie raiflConBtruos mo. It i^ that affairs demand my departure." 

Moaaienr ^Hll ho portion Madame Ennult 1 

" But without doubt." 

Monsieur will, then, recollect tlmt, iii coming bore, be was m jj^oil 



att to oDgige the rtxnuB for aix weeks, wheretta only ono wodc baa 
elltpsed. . . . 

"Tou are completely' in reoMiii, mulam«, ii»I foii will h* ]Hud for 
IIm vbolo ox vr«ebi predMljr w If 1 baJ reiuainied." 

Mf^PTW* dn^ a auta^ and will in-itaatly Rppriite a porter of 
SfOTuleur'ii Intentions. 

I now procee<le«I to pock my trnaka and potating gftr, ui<) tlion, H 
1»iiig A little aft«r funr, I sallied forth for u farewell stroll on the 

It was a tUBgniBccnt tift«moort. A frcelt cool breeoo had repUoetl tho 
laxy oiliu of the momiiig. Tliu iM^riroii liu« and tbc profile of the elifib 
wore dcfionl sliup and ck»r. (irmt wliite caetcUatal clonda sailed 
across tho blue, ud rhythmic wnves came tumbling in Erotliy profuioo 
akiog tba beadi. The whole scene was tike a i^hout ofjoy, iind it had 
nm-or i^km so feelingly to me as now ihfii I was »«j'ing gooU-We to iti 

Am I turned away afW a long look smwnrd, 1 met the CotutcaB 
Beinaruff and her daughter &co to face. 

J liowed. Madame smiled and garo ue bw hand, and licCore wtlh* 
drawing it aim looked at Imt daiight«>r and said — 

" My vury dear, thia u MoiLsieur Uampbell. All, moiuduur, it Us 
be«ii a drfiom of my daughter to m^t you." 

"I trust Msdamoit^ will not find in me an illustratioo of Iba 
proverb, 'Songe inenaODge^*" I said, clumf^ily frnoii^h, 

Maderooiselld smiled slightly, as court«ey required, but nil the wbQe 
hi*r eyes nxtcd upon me aeardungly and doubtfully, aa Uiough to satisfy 
berw-'lf whiHhor I wore to bo beliered in or distrusted, wbetbor she 
might expect to (ind in the artuit the coniploiiicnt and justification of his 
wtH-ks. Mu kiud of look, [lerlmps, b so difficult to sustjun with oun- 
poeiiro as this. Tho isofit i«doubtable artist is cooscloas tliat the ia- 
xpirBtion of bin bntt frftortii coaiea &om a Mnirco Kiijiorior to himself, in 
comiM-risun with whidi tha aTer&go h\c\ of hid thougfata aud moti^'ss 
make but a Mirry Kbow, Tliu mcrcilosH and nndi^puwd inquudtioa of 
an ardent and ansophLittcated young woman is thns apt to become not a 
little iiying, Mpcciolly when the inquiatrix Is furnished with aud a 
pair of eyes as oatuni Imd oitdoued tho Countess Almsra withal. 

Indeed, strange and titiikitig in other nepects as waa the beauty of 
the young oonnteai, it was her tiycs that individualised her aud nsodeivd 
her a paragon among women. L^rge and perfectly black they wvn — 
BO bUck that ii was a woodcir to tice them go fhill uriight<. The iris was 
of breadth no umuiial that, like a black «:un between two clotidsi its 
upiwr and lower riuut wtTe inlVingcd iiiion b,v tl»o iinpuriul eyr-liibi. The 
human eyi-, m evn^r jmrtrait luuntc-r knows, in iUtidf but a namnr 
range of expreKiiiin : it ts the Retting that imports. Xow, the CoaoUes 
AUuaro's uyiivt eyelid wag falooulike — ^ttraighl above Uiu pu^ul, and 
Rdliag away thtiKv toWMnU the <licck in a louj; bwcciiim^' €tirvi: a IxiUt 
^vi«h i-yt'lkl, iiidKative of k<i!U luU-lligtuce aud a noble t^m|i»r. la 

a^liu- mntmst with this vm tho lowor It'l, mo«t eonsitivolf nnd 

changefultv ftutliioiiud, rcxponviive to every sTilfting viuotii:>ii,)t.-i(], niirtbfitl, 

wistful, plcasurublc, teudi-rj Uum it wius tlmt betm^tHl thv woman, ns llio 

other uuioimcoi thf' countcis. Lilco the .shimniorof ll^ht upon vintev, 

the ilelioite ncrreB in this region were never nt nst ; here, a« upon a 

j^j>LotograithiD plate, waa legible tlii* iiuprcKs of cjich woi-d or uiiuttere'L 

^■hou^rt. Thus it might be affinnvd of Uiu Countess Almflxs that sha 

HSiad two eyes wlcrc other women havt but one; nnil certainly ulie was 

^able to do four bmcfi more execution, 'n^ith. hcv pair than mgat tlaughtcra 

of Evp cua aeconiplub. 

There was a Gno uuconvcnUonslit/ in the of bor fmturen which 
•was in itulfiiu elwrnuiit of lift. The low iiu<l broiui forc-hciLd tcrmuiatod 
in liu--r<>HehiDg and strongly di-fiti<Hl cycbrowR. Tlio noun, loiijj iLnd finely 
cliiitell^l, eHiM-cially iilxiut Uie nostrils, iloaoeiidtnl fniui I)Gtw«en iIib vytn 
iia a line wliicli, towards the end, had j iiat enough of au upward t^utdvucy 
radeem it from cIusBio tameoess. Tiuneues, in fact, i» the word most 
BTO of ewrything thnt tho younR Countess was not. Her mouth 
'"■wae generous ; thfl upper lip, Bbort n.n<l Blender, hty like a coral sanko 
npoo the full and vuKiptueiiKly tnoulduil lip IkOow ; tlioucL' curved furth 
the chin, clean cut and nicttleiioinv, which ahv hubituuliy carried high, 
«nd to wliich ^lie comxnunicatAd movcmenbt of ffutcinating wilfulnow. 
Ger jirofile, as n whole, was; tbemfore of ttio concave i-Atbcr tliftti tho 
convex order, and posace^ a chuiniinKly wild, barbaric quality, by no 

rtueana inooaststcnt with a thorough i-eSnement. 
Of her grand figure I have already spoken. Her bearing was elastic 
mid vigomuB, yet pervaded always by the subtle and inevitoble dignity 
of ft high-bred Iwly. A Ititnl of Bcarlpt bftrret-cap aunnountod tho 
heavy blact coil of her Imir ; and nbe wore ii cloBc-fitting dresR of black 

Iaergv, with a BCarlct how fluttering at tho throat and a »cn.r!ct IxJt 
MTOund the waitt. It was a coRttimo Rimplc to ttevcrity, but in which 
Ae looked diabotioilly hancUomo. TT<!t only oiTiamentt on this oi'casion 
vere two brood boopa of gold in her cara, and, on her Icf^ himd, on 
antiqua ring with an cnonnoni! ruby in it. Such a ruby not one hvdy in 
t* tboasaod would dare to put on ; it uiuat Lave come to her, T thought, 
fjkxHii the tomb of some early royal anceatreas. It harmnuL-wd woll with 
what I took to l>o tlio Oiwentiitl eliamcter of tho Countess AlmAra. 

Hen, however, h^B been more than enough of [jersoniU deu-riptioD, 

wliich JB ocrcar to futile as when it attempts to catch the necresi of a 

lovely woman's charm. As an artist I liavfi dwelt upon details which 

to tli« ordinary eye would have combined for tliy production of a mnglo 

I effect more or let» ocuUjIy plo&aurable. I looked at her with the in- 

[etlnctive loiiging which an artist fcols to interpret Ixtauty upon canvas ; 

j and the critical admimlion uf my gUnoo met and partly dieconoertsd the 

[critical inquiry ofh«rown. 

"I havQ much happtneee lu speaking to Motiueiir Compboll," she 


THE cojnnsascs KtTBr. 

aaiJ •Aw a momwit, in n deop (rash TOtoe. " To mo it is not an if I 
wtn Bpoakidg to « etramgcr." 

%Ve walked on slowly, tlio young countaes iMtwMn 1u>t mothor and 
me. I felt n cluUlbli ilcEurc to utter somrthing brQlinut ontl proToand ; 
and, knowiog by exporieaM that suob n wiah u oIv-k/s fuW to thd dotd, 
I took refuge iu the inlensitv of coniiiKin]iliu». 

" Msdemoisello finds tliU place ecyojablel" 

" AfUr the city, troly, yw." 

" pATUi \» Indeed liot iu tins month." 

" It iH G'oin St. Putcrshtirg that wc come hfirc." 

"AUdomoLwUe thoCountonis, then,* Ruananl" 

Bere tbtt ddar Indy Interpomd with a smilo, "Xot altogether 
Buaaian, uoaMur. For my part, I am a CircaMian. 31y fitthor was 
uttadied to the Court of tho Cinr niter the oontiucbt of our poor counti^. 
I wna married among our ooniiueron — wliat will you I For Almara, 
Bbe may b« cal)<<cl the Bcoon«iliation, is it not 1 " 

" If all quarrels cotilJ find nuch rocoQciUntion " I began. 

Tbo Countea SeaDaroS' Uiigbod goodnaturedly. " There, you an 
gpiritwl; one sees you hare lived much iu Ptu-is," 8h« was kind enongh 
to nay. 

" But it is nob iu Uto inloru of Fariit that you Iiavo found the power 
to conceive your pifturee. I refer not to tho execution — the tfchni^fvt — 
all that which labour and experienoe may ao(|uiro ; Imt it is the thoo^t, 
loolc you, tUo lif« that a in your work ; and this can W found not in any 
city, not in any society, but only in the man bimiialf who feels, who 


It was tho young Countess who spoke thoa, and with an cn«i-gy of 
U)iiu and oxpressLOn that caused thoM nerves of solf-approtiation which 
are lutuatcd ziomowhoi-u in tbu back part of a man's throat to thrill 
pleasantly, t had not oxitcct^d to lind in so young a wotoan an 
aj>p)-eciatiou at once so earnest and iiitelligenL 

" You bare tttudlvd. art yourealf 1 " I aaJd to her. 

" Behold, my very daar, yoa vill permit that I sit on tho bsseh 
and raad my lotter while you and Monueur Campbell have j'our little 
debate. 'When you are fatigued you shall rejoin di«, Oo, theu." And 
with this the good Count4«ti MtabliKbcd herself ujwn a tieat sheltered 
from the breexo, but which wi< would ]iaas and ropan at every tarn of 
our promenade. Our convocation coatinucd, 

" I do not name myself student ; I am a lover," said the Countes 
Altnaro. " My life has not bi!«n a school ; it luis heun a pawion. 1 
cannot talk learnedly, oh do tcmoj; I know not th« names uf tliinp; 
but I know what reaches my banrt : tliat I undeistand and new 

" It is, thpn, that your heart bis taught you more tlmn tho hcadi of 
many students teach them." 

"I should like to boUeve that," slie exclaiouxl with auimatbn. "I 



mot to bo told, 'You mitsl believe Uiid; fou mnst ny tiuA.' I would 
faellete anil «; tieoiiuD I cannot bolp it. Fignrs to yoaraeiC that my 
lift ba» Dot been olto^tkcr udor ibo coavttianooe. A duld, 1 lived in a 
gnod cUtAAU becido a lake ; bejrond thn lAko<rMa iiKiui)Uuii,ii,ud on ftli 
nim ft fbrest. I bad a gun, I Imuled, utd I swam aod ravtitl uiwu tbo 
Uto, and I hikd my honea and my dc^ To anr, to pUy witb dolls, 
look 70U, I oued not for it. I aui not as ttie FreniJi, ant evva w tho 
KitBsiAoii ; like my motber, I am CtrcaviAo. ; yos, I am mora Oiroaauan 
lima ahe^ inslMuI of leea." 

" I betievB it well. Bot later you left thia chiteau — ^you traTdtedl" 

" I have bnn to many plocas and soea much society, and I bavo 

Wmcdto bebav« comiTM it/aiU and to speak the Freueh. But it is 

ooly a little CDmedy that I act ; I feel that within mo rcmuina always 

tb* Util«! g;irl oT tbo Uke and forcst> but drcfewd diflbrentlj, and witb n 

iSk» tbat doeR not tell the trath, as lliim. I can look happy when 1 am 

md, and grave wbon I wiiJi to latigb." 

I ** Bnt yoa are Imppicr than yon wore before J " 

I " Oh, tar examp)p, iK'hold a i|iiosUon of dUTicuIty," aaid the Coantest, 

riirogpogher ehoulderv. "Ouo is never buppy an in childhood; but, 
>& tat, ooo ftnda a way to be happy. To love what is beautiful is 
Wfiimm a, but then it it a bai^inent full of all that ia most saiL" 

" ]( iB aot often that one hoa disoovcred tbat truth at yottr bgfit 
ntnjjnniniiplle " 

**Bnt it U true, is it oott For boaiity dioR; or if not beauty, then 
™** *?», the aoul, that has ei^oyod it. Why waa it over shown to »s 1 
*t Only makes i» long for what never cornea, for what can tutvvr ba" 

Thin gloomy pbiloaopliy, nttermi by one who should haw mxa an yet 
«»'jrlh«»a(Bhili* of life, roiiweJ mo to attempt what, for me, waa the 
■*o«naIy of vindiauing tb« more hopeful view. Homo pbtiUido I 
"^'^t forth about the aoiil tiwling in anotlwr world the fidfUmenl of 
•"•^BliilWid aqitrationa, and I aakcd hoi- whether nho doubted ioimor- 

"Vi'o ven leanini on the brood wooden railing of the promeauule, 
j^lcjtig Mawud. The Couutwa was turning her ting absently on her 

^Vuire ought to be immortality ," «id sho, "to recompenao lu not 
■*■ '^bat we bava mjfiored tn the world, but for what wo have enjoyed I " 

r*' Yet, you oonjil not Iwtb bit upon a stronger aqjutueiit," returned 
'^^tcr a niimrail'i tbonKht. 
: ! Btrong cDougb 1 " 
- r-jog ODOBgh eertoinly to justify hoija" 
**A}i, my God, one hopes without any jiiHttfkation at all Yon 
*"^^«»!ris moDsiciir, I am nut »f those who believe all we are told of 
'i" holy firmk. Cbiireb. To bBlieve, and after all to bo deoeired .' I 
'■Ktld not hi«r it. I Itarn not fonnd anyooe no wise as to moke all 
iwbta wBom rooliah. But I hare found many things that 1«ll m«j 


' IWUay mocks ;ou.* Yes," sho added, tummg towuds me with ft 
kiud of fii^rocDena ia ber look, " jta, dottuiy mocks mo." 

" Tliis girl luui «iUBtaine<l wbu) temblo tDJiwUo* in bw Mfo," 
X thoQglU to mvaelf, " U glows in hor words Uk« the fire in ber 

A(W n pauite nhe Epoko ngmin. 

" Figure io yourft^lf, tnoiisteur, & lifo Utat fe«Ie itadf sliDDg Urd 
Gqp«U« of ill «ojoymfut« and aspirttions ; and thu life, in Utc mid«t of 
iU joy and freedom, one d»y meets its desUny, wkicii asys, ' You sr« m 
sUvf : your aspiistionf! an nsbce ; your joj sball msko you veep ; yoa 
shall become sll tlint you drspiso. If you stntgglo to lie frve, yoo shall 
but dig your dnngooo doefirr. So it shall Iw to the end ; but I do not 
forbid yoii to hoi>o.' Well, u not tlutt mockery I " 

" Duituiy li.'Ui not tliat powi^r over \m. I who spwJt to you have 
snSered. nuulemoiaelle, but I bnve not fouad that sufiiiriag d^raclee. It 
ebilbt, perhaps." 

" Ah, you fpeak of men. I am a woman ; it is soother Oiing 
UiBt! Bub hfjiold mi> vbo discoorec thus to you, vbo see EOie for the 
first time— who think me msd." 

*' Oh, CouQtttK ! . . ." 

" Do you know why I say to you thno things, which T have said 
before to &o one — to no ono, MonnenrCntnpbdl t Ibis because tbey giow 
In my mind ns I looked at your i>icture — your picture, ihat is now mine 
■a well. Atiuiy houra liare I looked at it, and I saiil, ' Th« man who has 
concoivcd that ho has known what are the secretaof lifa If I meet him 
I will tcU him thaw secrrbi of minr- ; lio h worthy to bear them. He 
can interp'^ mysteries.' But youi- intcq)i:etAtioD is piofousd, moonoBr; 
not everyone can road it." 

" If I could always pnint Tor audi as you> Countens, I might some 
day leoliw my id«il." 

She Klooil moilitatively, her hands hanging folded and her cyos 

" Wlion T saw that pioture," she RStd at length, " I folt that it wu 
the picture of my soul. Thccoshe nts within hrr rampart, which inu 
onoc whole and sound. But bow thoK is a breo^, and that breadi 
will never be built up again — never, aowr. Once (he enemy has ca- 
tered ; and though for yei^n and ymn she may watdi and i^iiard, yet 
at some hour, Mme momf-nt even, her eyMi vill droop and har haod 
waver. . . . Then be springs and clutdios her, anrl it Is ended. Sea 
him where he lurks there outside amons the buabes. He waits ; he if 
sui«. And she — re);ard that teiTor in her eyca. Bfonneur, it is a 
sublime thing to he n gn«t ]>iunter." 

She held out ber huid to mo impulsively ; tliere wetn toars in her 
eyes, bat she smiled them away with a wilful defianoe. Our bonda jtnst 
toudied : then she withdraw hen. " You mo I hare not hud jour 
picture for nothing ; I have looked it it," the said. 

t mi decfily touchfid. " Yoa have seen tlirough it inbu tlio lioart 
that oonttiTeil it" 

" Lrt Of -talk of other things," Aii excUimod Jibruptly in a lijjhter 
loMb "OoiDfe, Let us walk, dw madjime my mother wilt tliink a^iu 
Utat 1 «m lost" 
H W« FfSDined our promeiuu1« flocardio^ly, bitt for iiwhile in stleoce. 

" Vqo look Mt my nib/. Do yon find it ImndHoiDO t " She htA lieen 
*""**g uiii iwistUi; Uio ring upon her finger, oiiil my eyes hod moro 
Ihaa oaee bean dmwn to it Almost u aooa na slip bad epoken she 
^rfippsd the ring off and liiiil it in my haiid. 

** It il ft nftl antifjue," I said, concealing the surprise this auddon act 
fat me. " It is an heirloom in your family, periiaiM t " 

" It ii ft magic ring ; there is a spell connected with it," mid the 
Ootmteu, Uujtjhin^. 

" Let me nol be the breaker of the spell," 1 njolned, holding It tovanh 
ber. But, tmitcad of taking it £rom me, Bh« esitonded Lm long toper 
finger, and I pat th« ring on it. 

"There, yon bare put it on, and now it will nerer again come off" 
k!M t*id with a strange sinile. " It is the nu^ of my deelday." 

I** Vonra ahould be a rich desUny, thoo." 
** Yei, I flhflU be ridi ; I shall make a figure in the world," she 
t«|iU*l, still smiling. " K«V(^rthcIc«s the sfwll i» a cut<e ; for so hmg 
s« I vasr tfas ring t must bo miserable, and if I lose it I sliall be^ 
1^ " Is then no tliEttl altematire t " 

^P "Tberc was, but now tlie moment is [Msaal That is your fitnlr, 
'* tooaslsur." 

I -My fault I" 
" If, when I gars yoa the ring just now, and it was in your power, 
ytm bw) flung it far, fm- away into the sea, ih«n lb* curse would have 
lift mti and I abould Imve !«<•□ free always." 
"If thai be all I'll soon MAyou at liberty. Gire mo the ring." 
She ahbok her head. " It bi now too btte. Sueh a ehftooe can come 
onlyuoct^ Havel not told you deatiny mocks alwn^l Boliold ciy 
■wrthw who beckoQfi ux." 

Ws sfprearbMl >Iiultuno, who took hor danghier's hand affectionately 
<bk htn. "My rery dear, we dine to^ay at half-past four; we mnat 
our toilette early. Bttt, my Oud 1 bow your hand is cold, my 
cbild. Ton have bean chilled by that fog tliis morning." 

Tha Cotrnteas Alniaro InnghiKl. " It wnn not I ; it wna tint |<oor 
yoamc MB witli the black hnir tmi tlie blue ey«i who v.-a^ awimuing 
mr 6a oat ; that bo ahotild hare been ohQlnl I coil Id believe it. In effect 
b vaa druD," she oo[ttiikiit.>d, tuniitij,' (o mt'. *' Fi^pire to yoiiraelf Lbia 
Bttl* aan— be wan very little— Uttlo likn tliat," and h)w hdld Iwr [lalm 
alsNit four fi«t from the ground. " Wi-ll, he swims out a Guu dii^tancp, 
vnn as far aa I go ill the aiuoo. When the fog comes 1 bwx » K^\aii^-, 



I took roond ; I pcrcciTD tliia nnrortanate iniiatt. I think h« ftball ba 
<IrowiiM], anH I go towardt; lum to praeir* liim. Tliou I scp thitt tku 
iuJAat ii is a mikn; uul llib man he mods to fou- tnin morv tliiva to 
ho drovDCd, for he Bwims Awn; vheo I approocli. So I reliira Uit 
ttifl diore, Ijut slowly, bo tbnt he may see me and follow me ; bdiI, in 
wliim ve an nnu-ly at-i-ivetl die (og ctUanlm ilaelf, and behold us." 

" Do yon by Iiskli^I know tlils gontlpmant " Imiuired the Count 
Semaroff of me. " Hw has Ilio air of an Engliahuami." 

" No; he is an AnMrinuif'* I ansvuvd with a touch of provnri- 

" Ah, these Americaoc, how I huts them I " munnuiod the Countess 

Mwlamo ro«o with a iilintgor h«r shrmldera. "WeBbfill have 
ploaxntv or 9mn^ Moiuiieur Campbell at the daiioc tliis cn'nin^ t " 

"Without douht — that is — no. I am to <l«i)«ril>y the 
emu at the present hour." 

** Deport to-day 1 Imposablc I AAcr havmg met Moosieiu- to loe 
him entoonl" 

*' Madame, I am dawlali^d, but — aflairs." 

" You will not go to-day," said tho Countws Almara, in a v^et^ 
low that it could hat'e hwD audiljle only to myeelf. 

" PeihAiM. iudfwJ, I could manage to [X)BtpoDe for a few dayt ■ " . 
resumed, Httll addrcstang myid-lf to Madame. 

"Good. We remai n here hut a few days longer omselves; a&d 
when we go you tthaJl aocompaoy us. Hut will be chanuiug. Isi 

" Mmhime, a thousand acknowledgments." 

"Till this erening, then." 

1 1>ow«d low. Th« Countess Altnara hud hor band in mine, our eyes 
met, bra- 1ip« Ewuied (o furni ibc word " Mcrd," Iwt sb« did not nttw 
it aloud ; tlicn site turned brusquely and followed her mother, and 
were toon out of sight. 


I dn>w a long bi-calh, stroked my beard thoughti^illy, looked at my 
vatch, and tict out at a brisk paco for my lod^ogM. Before I bad gone 
fai-Ik«ardmy namecallod,n»d, tu-ning, saw Mr.JelTcnonMantgDimirT, 
who ^gnalled to ue with one gloved huid while with tli« other be URal 
his hat in adieu to an elderly gentleman witlt a tremendoui sweep 
moustdchios. My fricmd now haatcned towards m«, his white 
flaidiing, his blue eyes beaming, and with a general air of prosperity i 

'• I am so gbid to see you, dew Campbell. Bat they told bm yva 
were going to luare us. Surely you're not 1 " 

" What an idea 1 I iihall b« here at least a we«k." 

Jeff Cook my arm with perfect oonliali^ and good Cuth. I did 



tt him, but Oiore wu notbinf; for it but to let Uio poor little inftn 


while I 


^^»'V« ft wotd with ujr UndUdy. 

^B " UiuUme Enault, I iiball be Ma to remain anotlier nreek." 
^V Madame Guniilt was dclii^htod. but woqld MoDsiciir pardon licrt 
^P *' Freol; and complotoly. Whnt than 1 " 

^M Only tlat, aioce Muiuieur's notice to 1mv«, auollier monsieur liad 
™iiimHlil Uio roopu, ft&d Madaiuti Eiuult bod ugrvcd with him hv u. 

" lltsi let him know tlub you mitmudenftood me uid that ho uioat 

To « tBJunrel ; onlf, aUu ! this gentlomiui hiid dcpoedbcd the birs of 
Ike rooou in wlviuice. 

•• Vou will rttum Lia deixait to bim." 

Fvioctljr, but tltat, hnring had a hoLvy bill to oieeC, Hiidanie 
EuAoli hftd been uoOBtniinnl tu [ny the money uway. 

^ Ah I fend Madame roquiLtM me to mpply her with the cat»h ia 


JUooiieiir had exwUy diriucd the uocoeaity that imfortunntely 

fiwldenoe had treated me too well for me to be scvero with to 
and DDimpeschahlc a landlady ; ttcconUngly a financial tnuutno 
toiik [ibuc, (1)4! |M>rter was remanded, aud I went D[)Ktaini. 
"AiMiaoyou have been inti'oduoefl," said JcSl Ho viaa recliuiuu 
A^oniifUke upOD the loiuijGitr, cxquiflitoly drvused. 
•' To whom do you reft-i 1 '* 
** Kow ilcn't \)t Englinh and rotkent Whom should Imeun but my 

1 I do to waitt to hear \(>ur npioion of her." 
"X oouhl not h«l|i Uughinga little, for to be lerioiuly augiy with the 
'**^ of Beaoou Sti-eet was not eaay. 

* ITnlaM yoQ wish to write j-ouraelf down irravumbly an asi, my dear 
you will nut a^p^ 'pply the poaseuive protunm to tlie CduntosH 
It boiumU much w if a bot-w fly ahould speak of hid proprurfor- 
of a faar-in-haud." 
** Uy dear Campbell, you ate really impolite." 
**I know it, lutd t hold you reaponailde for forcing me to addresayoo 
*)&fa irtich hnitalUy. I'm not aocvitoDed to it." 

**lIow yuu do go ou!" aighed Jeff, wiping hia oyobrowa with hl» 
'■'KAbnc haiiilkerduet "One never knows when you're in earnest liai 
'^^Ll J don't you ihlok we shall make a finrt-rato match 1 " 

"Oradoua Powon 1 Do you know thai then anpvobahly not two 
**^ Uvtog for whom the Cotrntese Aimara would Dot be more than • 

** Exactly. In foot, them la only one who eoald mate with hor oa «({iial 
^'"^XM, and — well, I happoi to bo he." Jed* uilered ihii with perfect 
»^ w t y tM cQBricUofc 



" iiy young Mend, jcmr cbonoai witli that ^ aung lady ore nc 
\tm ; tlier are lidionknuL Blie BchuUy cannot mainlain gravity at Iho 
thought of you. Must I reroal that itho speaks of t!i« *put%'r« en&ntc,' 
tbab alin i» ooaviucttl you an only fbnr feM liigli, anil tltat iihe dwUrQ*) 
sbo frigbtened yoa tirribly in the Tog tfata tnonuiig t £ldc|u«nt looka aiul 
iiym]iathy or mnl» indeed : " anJ I langfaeU mdely. 

" 1 don't 1)e]iere a won) you nay," replied JeS*, laughing also. " But 
there » oiM tiling tltat I do begin to helieve." 

« What is that t" 

" That I've got a rival, eh i ha, ha, ha I " 

" You bav6 an ootirtly too lively imftginatiou," wu my eold Mply.' 

" Ah, CamphoU, you *«r rory d«pp— vory. If I wcw bn nra nf 
iny coniitesa tluin I am I declare I ghoutd feel uneasy." 

" Meroly for ooriosi^'i <aike, vbero do yon find enoonngBineBtt'* 

" Yon v«rc In eantoxt, then, «hoD yon said tbia morning that you 
kuev Uea Hum I aboat women T Yosr difliculty ia, probably, that you 
regard woman aa a speciea of man, vrhen in fact no woman who amonntB 
to anything has a particle of ina»culmit>' about her. Tho>' may pntenl 
to it Bomctimw, jmt to bamboozle follows who oro lacxpcrioocod ; bat 
theiy drogi it fu th« presmica of a n:nn who eoes through ibom." 

" llrough thi^ir bnclu). I uaderstani)." 

" Exactly. Well, tli«a, my countess, wb«n I have my eye upon her, 
Ii her idmple womanly self, because nbe knows ray in.<>ight la unerriog; 
but with you lit wa^r she talks literature and art, and morally and 
things of that kind, eh 1 " 

" r will not deny it, Jeff." 

*' Of coam aha did, and whyt BcttOM sh« koAV aha OMiId makB 
yoa beli«vo iho r«allycai«d for such things; and, womulflt^ she eouldn't 
n-sist huuibugglDg you." 

" And b«r laughing at you, her oontemptttoui aUuiions to your 
Rtntnre and so forth, were also impositlong upon my aaTvt IgDOraoe* of 

" Indeed, my dear Campbell, they weto." 

" It is me, then, and not you, that iihe considers HdienlooB 1 " 

" At all events yon can aoo that it'a not me," said JoflT teni«ntly. 
" Why, jiiat oonrider the points in me which she in^fessed to CQonin 
laughable. My height I N'ow, the last thing a woman bothen bertelf 
about in n man is hin botght. Wh«n there is a qitestion of phyBial 
ottinetiona, vhe looica first at fata fihouldere, tbtui at his Byes, th«n at fci* 
feet and hands, tlicn at hia chin. If these please Iter Kb height nuiy 
take care of itself; and, if you won't mind my aayiag it, the Icen ii ha* 
t» take card of the bettar. I>x>k at Napoleon Bonapwtp, Martin lAthir, 
Frodorifk Ibc Oroal, Benjamin Franklin, Plato, Goieral Grunt. Why, 
prct^ nearly everybody who has stood a bmd and sbooldcts abovB Ui 
gtactrstlou las be^ under five (<9et eight," 



BrHvo, Jeff I You are both eloquent and Higactoiu. BnoOD Street 

be prond of you." 

" Koovledge of ttiis kind U n nukttei- of tMnp«ramciit imd intuition. 

siienee c«t kutconfiriti whnt the houI has'ejdj' diviiiod ; sod if 

previous di>'iaation do not exi>t. Age and experience lire just ao much 

I tbe bad, if you won't mind tny saying bo. And so slie ridiculed the 


"SbeoUuded to it iritL tai apparent spico of bumour," I aaid dif- 

" Dear girl," inunnnnH.l the poet tenderly. " That seeming ridicule 

almost as direct no nvo<ik-a[ nf atTuctlon as n uiodeot woman «oiild 

bave nuulc. Thnt mtitiinl VMcelcH Mlf-revelation of outs, which my 

Idear C'antpl>ell profci>»e« to discredit, baa evidently BlirroJ uiy UouiiU-os 

|,to,her depths. It hrut arouMil the potent germa of tbe uiast«r peaeion 

ber life. Sho trembles to conieaa betself to herself; how, then, oould 

I do othcrnrlia than veil heraelf from a stmngec J iviul wliat better veil 

Ihlui a siiDuIated mirth aud mockery t But reiilly now you don't need 

I to t«ll yon this ; itH thu A, B, C of the feminine natiu«." 

" Jeff, you puzzle bi<; ; you ere either moi-e or leas tbiui huuuui. At 

ereatt you are na iucjirnale solution of the old pi-oblem how to 

I the beat of iL "Well, what are your proximate intentiona 1 " 
" To danoe tlie ' Boston ' with her this evening." 
"You will be ut the ball, then I " 
"Indwd, yes. Shall not youl" 

" I tdiall ; for, since you anj definitely reeolved upon playing UtO 
lonkey, I want to tc in a position to heai* your opening hrny." 

" At ten o'clock, then ; but it will be a variation upon A Mi/!tii.mnifr 
figkt'it Drftm," mi.'>wei'eJ the poet with imperturbable geniality , and «o 
re parted. 


The ball — or rath«r the viirit dantantt — was aunoiinced for nine 
o'clock, and at thirty minutos after tliat hour t paaaed thi-ough, tbe door* 

An oUoog luUl, the floor space framed in on thi-ee sidoa by an ciii- 
nVment of benches, with the orchestra on the fourth. This orcLi-.'^trB 
>mpnsed & piano, two vioUus, and u troubone, all in ovcmng drew. 
fTbe a^inbly to whom thu imexeeptionable 'juartetto dii«Mniw>l ivas by 
tfflo means so rigorously attired. 'ITicrtj were cjoats and tiouaexb of all 
liueis and skirtB and wuista of all fnnhiona and degreoi of lowness. The 
le WAX H motley one, but a'l incongruitiea were harmonlaed by the 
Lvnirei^ element of uaoomproiulsing enjoyment, pervading block and 
I prey, high and low alike, and auimating the h^^ls and fa«nd« of the 
t spectators upon tbe benches as well as the aetiud performed u]>oa the 
I'floor. Tbe orcheetra sawed and tbruuiuicd with heiirty goodwill, and 
\Xtiib lampe on their broeketa and the windows in their fr«mc8 jonM aiul 
VOL. rL.-~-xo. 237. Vb. 



Tftttled bo the rhjtlimic full cf Ted. In the p«u8es of tbe daaorid 
clattoT the roar of the Riirf oamo in through the open door ojmb ib 
"wingn of the oool baU breexe. 

Th« most poliahed people in th« world dmlce, if not ideally, si iw 
ndly. There is no languIAing, no nhilly-ttliallytiig, bat dowsifit 
TCWDtliibotit, -i-igonius brird work. A Frendiuian who hits dooeidmr- 
night mtiHt need^ Teel th« electa of it on getting up in Uie momiag ; Ml 
na for hia |«rtiier, who has danoed for heraulf and for him on two w^ 
rate ooimts, it la a vondef ^o over gtAs ap at aU. Their acbcfw of i 
iraltz is simple and toUin|;, being bMod npon tho primitive prioeiplf af 
|)1an«taiy motion — ivvotiittun roiind their own axiii and revolalB 
roTind tLoir orLit. This doublo motion m kept up -K-itJi nifu'l'imfj 
regnlarity until nature — or more fi«qnently the oi-cbcsira — pw» w 
The orbit of one couple b^ng the orbit of all, the grncral Rftct c/ 1 
Itrelj waltz is of a voluntary buwan tvhirlpool composed of m^-etdal 
tttt-i-tttt eddies. Bj centrifugal law the centre of the wlntlptd 
reinuiiiK a viu;uuiu. 

A moLDL-nt'ii LDHpection of tliia 'n-hir1]>OQl eatisSed tne Chat it did n* 
contain the Count«aa AUnara. Aa I was proceeding to a eerotjoy o(^ 
bencbcs tho /rou-/rmL of a crisp sldrt along the aiale cauaod us to Mn 
ft&d find mj fncc irithin eigbtooa inches of tha el«*r, Srm cbnk ti Ai 
Iwatitiful })agati. She and her mother poaod without aitpenria; ts m 
me ; and titey were followed hy a miUtary-loofeing personage of am 
ttty years of nge, bald-honded, broad-shouldered, and bulky, ifbciiD] 
(andod 1 had noticed once or twice befoi-e. After seeing th« ladisiaH 
tbvir Ecnte ho i-ctumcd past nto up the niale and went out. 

FMsontly I cnmo down, oxchnn^d gm^tioga with my (tiMiifa, mi 
flat (n a varanl neat near the Counters A3mara. Her maxuier wm 4b' 
tiaught mid preoccupied ; bei- ssaUe came only from bor lipo, and tbi^ 
she lookeil me in the face oocfisiLinally with a certain intentMei,^ 
eoemed scarcely to Hoe me or to comprehend my words. 

Her penonal appearance was more diabolicaUy haudsome than rm. 
Am tUQiil, her colount woi-o black and i-cd. but, being in Milk, they '** 
exoepUonally effective. Ttierv vrna n glimpse of warm wiiite neck ml 
smooth rounded aruin ; her hair, coiled on llie top of her head, revviM 
iho graceful bend of the nape. Her bracelet and necklace matcbidfl* 
ecirrings of the morning, nnil beneath tlto delicate film of her ^on *• 
discemihte the form of the great ruby. 

" Might I h.ive the honour of this Jancel " 

" Not yet, not yet. In Ihia moment I fcol myseli' nnalile. LKV 
rather talk. I am not myaclf ; you rj-c it. Listen to the nn k. KyGei' 
bow it roani I 1 wi^h I nere out on it in my canoe irith the 0^ 

I laughed to disguise ths concern 'whieh her uiaaif<Ht acitatiM 
caused me. • < 

" la that caao, madomoisoUe, yon would be without the Hmafy if 



my mmlj ; iAil I doabl wheUier ay little friend Montgomcr}- evcm 
wonH TOitafa to twltn after you on sach a night as tku." 

" Ok, be ta your fnCTid, Uicn, tlii« Monsieur Moat — lkIoQt-go-m(4ie ) 
jLMkd 1 hftTo iiKiIem of Lim to you sliglituigly. I did not kuovr, oxtd I 
^^pk Anliih ; 1 speufc vritliout forcthotight, Yoti will for^t itt Yck." 
^H "If aajODO xboold ajKikigisa it ix I. for not having warned you 
^Hfianlwiid of oar tender rolaUona But be reflt«UT«d ; Monaienr Mont- 
^^■Bvy Ib a poet, and intaods making yen the hpixiUw of mi e^nc. K 
jva ar« gntdotv to him tbis eroiuDg ho wit) for^Te you anytliing." 

** [t It not of him that T «>hal) demand pardon," Mild th« OoantMi 
vitli the >lij^t«9t imagituiUe intonation of H»ra. " But he b your 
liiaMl* Mut yoaabUl m« how- 1 will bo polite." ^b« brmUied aud moved 
nai •uuuly, her thoughts being criclcntly abctorbed in aome xnKject foi'eign 
MCMufa to anything I ooidd gacfis. Her eyes vttn rrebloB, and aba 
bWMl har dnabod cheekt in vain. 

* What day ifl this t " Bh« demanded Kiiddeolj-. 
" TW fiAseaUi of August" 
** I dial! tfmenber it alvayn — always." 

Tbn hand that b«ld iho fan drooped, and, seemingly by aocidcnt, 
WhiJ my ovm. The momentary glance tlmt nwept my £ace ehoired 
a iavanl timibloand ajjjwal, and, if 1 nwd it itrigbt, » a^mirtJung dveper 
umI more pMHtooate btnrond. With the nnexpcctolufsii that vas one of 
Wehametcrfstica ihe roM to her foAt. 

" CooMi, I foel bettar at prasent : let ua dnneo ; oom*." 
la her pteoceaiatfon alw hod not {wrct^i^Td tliat tfte muao had 
^■i BND* atinutoi, mmI the danoeta all left th« floor. 

"What bant thoo, then, dear one f " eiK]uii<ed the Coiinteas Semaroff, 
■Mttjij op todoleoUy through her eye-glas^ 

AlBiara pare ri wj hor blander, and I oould mark a pulntion of 
t^B jtm throiigli her body while slie muttered behind her tocth. " That 

" Dno't you find it vniy varm bam I Siippofw we tako a turn lo tlio 
''>"■'' I flugKcatsd. 8be thanked me with a look, exdian^ a gluioe 
ttJawoid with bn- notfaer, and taking my arm, we bc^as to move 

I^iwiiliiiii II hi. tltougli commonly dfiOoptiTe, do ocTertholoH exist. 
'*! It Una tuue I had a (fTHmitiuont that aonie erixtfl tnm itupendtng. 
U I «oaU aecare a few uitniilm' |iriviiry with the young Coiintiiea T wiu* 
'^'tfaj bo telt her a mx-j-et which nlreiidy btu-ned within mci though I 
^rif had not kouwu it. imlil thin very evening. But I felt conviction, 
1 UtttafideDCB, and 1 fdt that thcro wna no timo like the prorjit. 

B*«te lb* novt iuiiignificant ii|«pt ]>uri>oH<e llio meet momentous. 

■■*« aere two dotira to the hall, and in order lo reach the ono at which 

^ *4n liming it wbb imeeaary to cross the floor. Ah we (tt«-]ip«d o» 

*.L DM) tidaaoouple of gmtlenipn rippem^ on the otlier; wo 

•» Um) rtry cuntre uf the boll, but il wm not uclill 1 tA^ ^b 

\5— a 


THE CUir5'JU58 KVHf* 

Cotmtesn preai my «nn tliAb I Uiought to notice vbo dther of iht 
geaiieania was. To my UKfiable Kniio^'mcce 1 tbcn rMO^iaed the ia- 
iktaatfid Jsff leaning on the um of the bnlky gentleman with the 
Dtonstechios, wIm waa ]>o(Utirely in tba act of mtroducing kiin tony 

The Co«mtMi Memed as much taken hy mrprise na myaelf. She 
roturaed Jcff^ elabontn olrtBikiiw vith n gnunl cuttiicj, uxl tlien stood 
er<>ct nnd silt^t, h«r hund kUII mting within tny Jinn. Tli« iniuiB 
irtruek up another tniltx. 

" Moy I hAve the honour «f this duicel" ettquirtd JofT with hia 
Ktreetoat emphimin. 

J wailed to hear the Conntcss fny afio vbb eiiffiffed and to pus OD 
with her ; but after an infttnnt's p*iuc fch« slowly rcJioqtueb«d my vo, J 
and uttL'riDgthocvnrenUonal worda, "Je veux biai,*'aliemggMd])aMU'| 
to thv tnuinpbant BostoiiiAn. 

Tbaa, when it was too kte, 1 toUiaed that our engagemtnt bad bMo 
for the [HrevtooA danoe, and noC for tliis one. if indeed iben luwl bMD 
any definite engagement at all, and t]iat> as I bad beard Jeff'tt requflot to 
silenoa, tho Countesa liad bcrai furcc^I to supjuae that I desired wp sliould 
part, It was uoe of those nlinunJi nttaapprehonslons which occnr in ball 
rooDia aa well aa in other places, hat whkh 1 had never found so 
vexatioua aa in the present instance. 

Meantime Jeff and eho had eddied away from me ; another couple 
revolving np ftom behind, cami> into collUJon with m«. I felt myself in 
a fslse |)oeition, and Lral a rotrmt Ui the Couiit4aa Semaroff, beside 
whom I ttattK^ myaeirwith the gloomy griu of a baffled man. 

But the Coiintcst) mode hereof [uirtiniUHy gnieioun and entertaining, 
and I was peiforco obliged to give her a gjood dcnl of attention, tboo^ 
my real intereet was monopolised by the prooeedings of Jeff and liil 
partner. Jeff was undoubtedly the beat danoer in the room, and the 
" Boofton " Btcp whtcli he diinDod wan not only more KTaceTu) and as^ 
than tlie orduuu7 whirligig, hut, by the dcnioo of " nn'oivin^," enabW 
him to peiform his evolutions iindiftturbed in that racnnt centre ot the 
laerry-go-i-ouiLd which has been already described. This profidcaK? «f 
hi» cuntributod to the sum of my miarortuDCB for tliat erctiing. 1 aia 
not uiyeulfn good dancer, and 1 therWoro shrank from aflbrdivg ih? 
Countess Aluiani on opportunity of comparing J cJT'g p^tfonnaitcc with 
my own. 1 resolved not to duncv »t all, and to tnut to lock for an 
opjwrluiiity of getting a few minntra' private oouvereation with her. 

But the stats in tlieir couraM fought against me on thix uigbt of the 
Ifitli of Aogost. Madame introduced me to the miliuuy gvntlenun, 
wlio tunuKl out to be her buaband, and be and I proaeatly full into aa 
animated political disrvuion. When Jeff and hia partner rElomnl iher 
took scots on iht further aide of tho Countess, luid it waa nlnioft io- 
pOfl8ib]« for nw to appropmte ao tarkdh aa a glance from those evM vhielfc 
DOW bald H> large a portion of my world'a U^t. 1 could taark 


«U«iitioci lo Uw poet's mpoaringt ; I conM diTuio her ttextA, di»- 
fpast, lud I undnnitoty) thnt aha undated ttiii itett; unrtyrdom fh>Qi a 
iniflUluii idea ol mnkiiig me repuntion Tor her ilight upon lum. Hut I 
■•■■ pnedoUj inoiiMeitatcd for either cocpliuuUoo or CAnaolAtaon. The 
io ttm g ibfe truaiDela of nxi«ty and etiquette nra aa BtroQg u tliu thraul 
Ihmt bottiul Fimrir, nod I fioAlly mndo up nij niiod tbnt I might u welt 
^^flB liana. 

^V " Ildbr« yoo ^, dcu MoQslour Ciuuii1>olt," mJd the CkiuntcHB 
^^■^■imwilti » gUoce At tb« Cuimt, " wo will venture to entrwt otjoa 

' t dajnir o( exyrtimiDg to you the extent of the ohltgatiaQ which 
voilf Mfldtttomalon would imjiOM upgu us," addgJ the Count with hu 
Umni, impaarivv poJltsoeH. 

" Am I rMlIy, thon, ■> fortuttatc as to be nhle to ooDOibuto in ttiy 
njr lo the plouuiv of tiio Coaot nnd CountAss I Wbut bappineas ! " 
** Behold bow It Leoomea nvislilng I " exc]«meil tJio Couotea. 
■AlsHimt toy ^wy dear, Monsieur Uauiphell will jwrbspti ooneent." 
Tkt yonag CoantCBS luul been sitting with hor bands folded liBtleealy 
htt kfi, nbaodml Appanmtlj in her own thouglita, which wutr who 
<«« haw Ctr nmoTpd from Um coofidiof; chit-«h«t wbich i>oor Jeff 
Uibliliag at her Mr. She now misol hor h«ul uid turned ber eyes 
«f>cni ae. The deej* MoUmcnt cootaiuod iii that look would have drawn 
bam ttc, had she required it, the aurificie evea of that happiness which 
lo tie the sahsbsnm of my life. She said not a wnrd. 
**11x>u must ask Monsieur ; do thou aak him, Almora," contiou«d 
ConatMs, noiling, "mnea it eoneemg thae." 

** la it that you would paint a |K>rtmit of uio 1 " said Aboatm mmply. 

** Merely a sketch, dear montteur," put in the mother persoaBirely. 

T^« apportaiiity may not again occur for lis. Jt is not often one ban 

fortuDP to QMMt Irloiuacnr CAmpbrll." 

Afid tlt»n can be liut one Momnour Caaipliell in tlie world," added 

with a bow. 

lag, at all events — a lilteDCB ueraly — a work of threo daj-s," 
Klailama sameBtly. 
I had had time to sapjims the fii-at impulns of deligfaty and to oom- 
ny fa«9 to mi oxpreesiun of polito aOabiUty. In this so-called 
1 mooignlHd the sgeiKy of the Connteei Almam. To the fktber 
^*'*** mother !t muiat aocuring a likeoflas of their daughter from tho hand 
^H ^^« first portnut-paintor of the day ; but to that pttnter and la that 
^^P^K^ler ft moaot hours sfnaic in compamtively undutturbed et^joymeoat 
1^^ Oikft aaotlMn^s Hociiily^bount of aileot elesctric syinpatliies, of low- 
't'^fcim ¥Winii that sounded little but meant much ; hours that would 
*'"»>t for yoars in the progiBSH of a mutual understanding vhvro eadi 
to r«r«d all and withhold nothing. 

I >' iiiQ great ploaxu-n t>j sVntcb MiKlinnotmUs^* aaid I. 

or : >.ri wiltsuffiia To-morrow, after tho faatb^-WQwiU 




8pMk totlm oa tb« tabjMt. At pnaeat I ma^t rotite. HlMAme • 
CoontOH, monnonr. mndemotMUe, au rmiii:" 

" Oood night, ilampbell," Rpoke up JciT aa I nioved away. Hank 
you ever so mnch ; btit you must expect to find me & eevors critie. .4i> 


But our dnuuo was not to rench iU oonclasioD iritliout a inodietun of 
the tragic element, and this tnodicuna wnn Id tw introiluoid by no lea beavie 
a character than the little pont of Beuxin Hill. 

It is y«t too curly to potnt the monl of my tal« ; but I may reunite 
that we are nob aeldooi helpMl along the [xUi of life, and even Ii«ve our 
tme direcUoo pointed out tu tu, liy inefieotivo obvtadM. The penon Or 
dRomstuwR ohsLructing lui first omtises u« to appreciate theiulTantii^ 
of a «oune which w« ntigUt dse npver Iiare thought of, or baringtiiouglit 
of, miglit haTe lacked energy to ponue. 

In this nenae it may be said tluit I owed my introdnctian to the 
Countofw Almara, and still more the colonr wbicli that BC<)iiaintAOon tts- 
SMdia.t«ly a«ram«d, to tb« unintcnttennl influonM of my Ito«bon frimtd. 
His vaj^ rhaiisodlffl Arst drnw my nttention to a woman whom T hod 
till then admired without appreciating ber. Un trmoaeeixJtJDtal lorc- 
mnking hnd shon-n me bow truly she was lovKhle, and bis iufntaated 
ptmiiit of b«' bud stimtikk-xl mo to u dedition whoeo gmTity nuglit clae 
bare given me paoae. Loft to oiyMlf, I Kbould doubtless have IWUen in 
lore, but I should h«Tflheen a grmt deal longer about it. At the age of 
&Y«yand-thirty tbe paa»ions are more enduring thoa in yoatb, bni do not 
orditiftrily kindle bo readily. Jeff was tbe mnteh that set me afire, ami 
he the goad that drove me at a pace which saqn-i-sed myself. Bnt I do net 
core to dwell upon Uiia plioso of my nmaoco. To bare been the rinl 
of one you contemn U unpleasaot, and the inporior irnturo oannot avoid 
remonc in lookb); l»ack opoa soch a ocmteBt. 

However, the eittinge began and fulfilled all oar uitiapations— 
AUniLTa'a and mine. The furtlier I penetmtod into ber miad and bean 
the riefaer did thew appear. Our eipeecli nnd liearing «tni ohMrrad a 
chivalrous flort of ceromony towards one another ; we did not as yet 
permit otirvelvm to be frankly loven^ But our leaerve waa only on 
instinctive device for gaioing a docii>cr rmliNitiuo of our hapjiium 
3ti<ong natareB oTten illuictrntc this paradox : tboy BreR!|wIle<] for a time 
by the intenntj of their attraction to each other. 

Moreover, wo were never left entirely to our«eIvee ; tbe oustoms of 
Continental eti'juMtu are immovahle, imd ho wrei tlia Countexui Scaaroir 
from my aitiirr or from the UtUe autedinmbcr openina: out of H. Bat 
the reatraint wjut purely formal, and evrn added to the Met of oor etgoy- 
ment by ginng it the air of being aometliitig to intrigue for. It may not 
be Gi«1itable to htuuau u»ture, but it ia a faei that the tnoet prectou.' 
gifts of love are the smugged oobb. 





Ihlk *h; <lid I not deoUre tho itteta of ftlTum at once to tbo Count 

and Censtais, unil dms Mttle a question of sucb Titnl moment to malt 

In Um Ant pluo, Icould plmd tite lo?er'i) oxcuw — Uie <l«ire to ko«p tbc 

■ of bb tmui lior » time veiled, even fivm faer he lovetL But, 

I lUs, I felt unoertiun bow tbe avownl would be rccctvi:«]. not tiy 

Abasn bendf — I wm nuro of L«r — but by )Msr fAnut*. A inMriogc 

baCwMD eveo ui eraineol utist and a wouuui of nobis birth is not au 

•*<v7(Uj oocomooe ; and I r«]l tho pmdettce of lomuUi^ the riewa 

of tk« Coont aad Connteas on thli siitijoct bHore putting my fitte to 

tbe toocfa. Id caau vt refusal, indeed, I nboiild not hautata to take 

Aiiaan in npite of ih/ua, £eoIinx a» I did tbat our loro votild bo com- 

pmaatiaa Sat all loatm; and it uuiy bo tlutt I ooiit«iaplat^ tlio {kwh- 

ity af a faoetile turn uf che die with eomctbinj; tike a pleasurable Uirill. 

UJcOK to piovA bi» power ia iho toetb of obstacle* ; aud, aa I 

1 at Aluan'o proud ami jjotuionate beauty, I thought bow grmd 

VWlM bt tbB iwpoBw to tlio auiDuionii of her benrL It woald hu iduoat 

I a lily to fittcgo that »p«>ct«cle. 
Anotbar BMiroe of my hwitiilion bad to do with tba myxtcry whicb 
■401 MCttluued to iuvwl my buiuuTiil BLtt«r — -that myaXery wbiub M>eiued 
conevDtntwt iu h«r ruby. What it might btt 1 kiicw not ; Almara 
qtueily bat mnlntdy foUcd all my atleiiipt/t to knd the conrorsntioa up 
to Umb mtjwt. Of cour&o I wm nob able, atuatod (ui wo wero, to make 
any •eriouii attack upon livr remrre; but it was evidvut tbat txn- iocret 
wonld probalily reuiaia a atxnt until all conotnloiuntii were finally at aji 
«od betwiaix ns. Ail that tronbl»d mo in tbo matter vaa a fear Ic^t it 
aboaUl tnra oni to be a hlndranoe to our union ; but, ub tame went on, 
tiuM •{f««lie[i«io& faded Irom ny mind. Almara was jpaduAlly kaing 
tboBB traow of dapnsiOD and anxiety which aba bad bctrayeal in onr 
fint taUrrirwa. Tbo annnier side of h«r charaoler came out ; ebo 
cbattad with gaiety and abandon ; tb« tthodow of pain and revolt was 
pBHOg away. Sho atil] tuned and twiatod tho hmvy ring upon her 
r* but now rather caressingly than impaUentty. And onoe, I 
gber, ftaabaaadlandtbeniErt, indoding Jeff, woronttii^aftor sun- 
dova nnod a tablo oataide tbe casino, Uvgluiig, goidpJngt admiring tbo 
afterglow along tbo wwtem boiuon, and appiog k«d coffee out of tall 
ghivok, oo this eventnjT of tbu buit dny but one of the siltiogH I saw b«r 
lift her band to her llpa witb one of tlioso unexpected moremetita of Ik-i-b 
Kod bialow a (|Liick kias npon tbo ruby. No on« eoemed to notice this 
■Oiaiqp fmban, which indeed was ao managed as to bare ctcapetl any eye 
ImlucalltanaloTcr's. What vaa tbo moaning of it I Almata'u glance 
vMt mine; for a raoaeiit «bo aaoiDed diseoooerled, bat the next moment 
Uoi^beil and add saudly — 

' Mccuaeor CauipbeU, do yon know aoure lur bumt fiogon I " 
Tbo Daxt day at noon tbe hut altting wm over. I sat alone m the 
r, MlHIrif; tho ftni«tiirig tondiea to tbo portniit. At four o'clock 
rhole party, not forgetOng Jeff, wen to be prtcont for the ■' private 


cowrsssrs nusr. 

No oat, not eren Alman, lud thus {ar b«cn permitted to we tiMi 
ton J and u for 1117 BoMod IHend, I hnd nol nuffued him even to ' 
ptoMnt at any of ihe MttaagiL Beeidoi tlial the little man bad a distarb- 
ing ofieot npon me I wiab^ thne boars to b« as &r &a poeable saavd 
to mj Kilter and mj'self— oases aC semw commuaioa uTUDTsdMl by Ba»> 
tonian iaeptifeadfls. On tliootLi'r hnnd, I must {4<«d s^itlly to Imving 
ami Jeff (or tdlowed Alniitra to vse him) ontaide cbo studio in a: 
perfaa|)8 iaeorHistent with the strict loyalty of frietidiibip. 

NodoGmte word^ had passed between ber and meeotbemil^eet,! 
by a tadt agret-nutnt. the oniaqwetbg poet wu miide to do doty as a 
blind. Alnuun, in sliort, mado show of a pnrticulur and Mmtimcnt&l 
interMt in him, Uiiie dwcing itoople'* eym to tlic stnte of feeling between 
ouiselves. 8he acL«d h«r part 00 wfilt, and the delighted Jeff so purred 
and beamed under bei' co&deecension, that I sometimes folt remorse. He 
deserved it, no doubt ; it would teach him a leeson; and yet I didiked 
MMSjf even Jeff make nucb a fool of hinuolf. The fact tluit be would 
have scouted my reprfMntatioiui, had I souf-ht to eDlifthtMi bim, did not 
remove my responsibility. Almam did not mero toHbare my sciruplea; 
womt-n nevftr look at these thin^ ae men do. Bite faKiiiated Jefl'wiUi' 
out mercy ; tbey canoed, dived, and danced together. A stronger bntis 
titan hU mi^ht have failed bo detect any insincerity in her manner. 
Perhaps, indcod, &ho was not for the time bcin;^ any Ices siooere with turn 
than fho vrax with nic. Tlio histriuuie side of a woman's natare » 
gonernlly strong, and is aometimes developed to such a pitch that what 
tbey enact seems aa real to them as what they areinaober earnest about. 

About halt an hour before the time appcnnted for reoeiving my viei- 
tors there waa a knock at my door, and Jeff came in. He was as Deal, 
complacent, and pretty as a miniature on ivory. I bad just pnt the UA 
touch to the cftiivAJi, and whs standing back in tliougbtful oont 
of the work. 

" Well, bow do yon like it 1 " I a«ked bim after tlie iirat words. 

" Campbell, I am almost satisfied ; and that, from me, is tJie 
onlogy that enn be b^towed upon you." 

" Yoa never told me that you were the final umpire in art mtidEa,- 

" Ob, I only pretend to be the final umpire on the subjoct of 

"Come. Jeff, let thui farce have an end," said I, Uying my hand 
kindly on liin aboidder. "iVom thisbour>'ou mnjitgive ap your preten- 
Ktonfl in that quarter. To use the homely phntse, the Coosteca Alman 
id neat for— well, let us aay for your elders." 

" Oh, my dear fellow, not at nil ; we salt each other perfectly. Bat 
I knew wc should ; yon remember my telling yon sol I ahoold think 
you would bavD noticed it tlits week past youinelf." 

" Wliat I have notloed, my poor Jeff, has caused mc moiv than o«e 
twinge of oontcienop. You must try and ftR^ve me. Tbe &et Is, the 
Con^taas Almun and 1 " 



ith an arch Inogb. 

The poet mtemi]>tpil i 

*' Twinji?; of couacience, did you say t Twinge of jealousy you mean. 
Ly doftr old CAmpboll, if I h&v« nnytking to forgiVB, I forgive it with 
II my heut. But my oljject in ooming her» eo early viis to lutk yuu to 
forgiTO mo." 

All, ] (iuicy I understand you, and I lulmit linving tliought yon 

ktber refimhtmsible OQ that score. Considering tlmt your father made 

it proTiiiiciutl arnuig«iDeDt rcgM'dmg your income in cftacyou tbwai-ted 

I wishes " 

" Yw, hut thnt was only in caac I " 

' la c*f* you marrifd tmyone but the liidy h« hud selected for you. 
tly. And yon decided that you prefei'iwi tbo Conutcss to tho 
*' R«ftUy yon are inistaken, Cai»|i1)611. I liave iio ides of lisldng my 
ome, I know the Talue of money." 
' AU I waa going to my van that yau have not hean acting: quite 
loonily townrdH the Count and Cotutcsa Semaroff, cot to speak of 
' diiijhter They look upon you ax a, young gt^ntlemon nhle to dis* 
often tlioiisnntl poiimls a year. Now, if you bad propoMwl to them 

or her hand nrHhout lottinf; them know " 

" Pro|M«)d l« tlii^m for it! But, my dear CHmpIrtll, that vs* all 
[«aU3ed from the he^uiiin^." 

" Do you menr. to say they havtv admittod you a« a suitor?" 
" Why, what else coiiM I mean 1 " 

" And you omitted to toll tliom that, in caae you marned her, you 
roald have but three hnndnxl pounds income! 1 " 

" Ind«ei1, I tyld them nolhing of tlie norl. Why ehould IT" 
" Booausc an honoat mui in your place would have told them," I 
plied coldly. *' Yon are niuUng undnr false colours. Yon on* gi^^ng 
out to be a milUonalrc when you have only tho salary of « 

" Btit isn't a clerk with ten thonsajid a year a pret^ decent mil- 
lionaire t " 

" But yon wiU havo ten thousand a year only fU( long as j'oii aro 

" That ia K> far the ca^Ki thnt, after I'm mcirrietl, I siiatl have twenty 
IhooBand a ycAr — my wife's income adile-l to my own." 

"Wdl, Montgomerj-, I don't care to heat about the bnnh with you. 

yoo can reoanuilc your conduct with your own code of honeaty it's 

ooneem of mine. But ut rej^rds tho Countess Almara — I am going 
marry her myaelC" 

" Yont Oh, you are joking." 

" I have loved lior from the first ; she loves me '" 

" Ob ! I say I hn, hn, ha ! Has she told you m 1 " 

" We have uot oi»enly declared ounolvce in ho many iroi'ds — you oro 



weQcom« to vltatever ooasolation tltitt nuiy nfibrtl yoxk — but tli«nii« 
oUmt ntcuui of coming tu nu uniiciiituiiduig Umn by wonU." 

** Well, that is triut, at Any rat« : it is for that I caai« to uk jav 
pardon, Camjibell. Bitt retil\j wiu it not in gi-uttt moaaore your ovi 

" Upon my word, Moot^omory, I fail to catch your drift." 

" Well — the long and jJiort of it i« — ahe'.4 been flirting with jott.' 

" With mo I Vou sui-priho me." 

" Voti sin^ aha didn't w&nt you to suspoot our eo^agemtnt Tm 
rememWr that first convKrsataoo you bad vritJi her, wbea ahe mk 
tboov iklliuiiuQs to my hoigbt, and said she bated AmcricanSf uhd so osl* 

I made a sign of awent 

" When she said those abvurd thingH, thongh only in fiin. At JSi 
not Imow tliat I was her intended ; and wben, a Pen bour« later, n 
foond eocb other otit, nhe natnralty fait lumoyod at having gpoken ti{ai 
to a atrangcr in such terms. You understand t " 

" Pray go on," X laid, tnking up my iMtictto and hnialics and rta n^ii ij 
bofoi-c the canvas, so timt my fnoo tfos turned Itonj the epeaJcer. 

" So alia begged her mother and mo not to let you sunpect ; aod Ut 
moT« thoroughly to hill your sti6[)icion8 (and al«o hocauae the girl o i 
bora llirt, aa uti feminina %'onion are) she — ^just^— you know vhnt— tudt 
lo(*e to you in n miltl vxy, I suppose." 

J«ff jvLusnd. " The man is mod — raving mad ! " I mattered, 8ti£ 
making ijret«nce of retouching my backgi-oiind. JefT floired on. 

" Uf counsd a untu like yon, u man of the worhl. a. gnat ai&i, MJ 
gottin;; on in the forties — of course I knew yon'd only bo amnsedr h^ 
wouKl take nothing Herioualy ; and you knovr you scoQbd nt the BOtka 
of matrimony ^bcn I oskod you about it. But still sho can be v 
attroctivG wh&n »he choo80» tlin.t latterly I began to fear you might b 
the leaat bit fetched, affcw all. I told AUie I'd never forgive h«t if il 
turned out ao." 

"Told— «Ao?" 

"Allie — .XJinara, you Imow. We always eollod each oUier 'AlB*' 
and ' JeliEe ' in our Ictteru." 

" Letters 1 You corrpspoudoil, thon I" 

" Kegularly— for the Insl five ycara." 

''laee; and— aad bo it's been a nettled thing — but — is tliia your fee 
meeting I" 

"Yes, and tlwt La irhat made it so amusing. It had been Anaapni' 
you know, thiit I was to meet them in Pnrifi on the 20th " 

" 'Meet whom ) Yon must exciixe mc, hut you have encb ati at- 
HyHbemntic way of impnrtiug your iufonuation. I'm u bit oonfoaed.' 

" To mert th« SemaroHn. The Count is the Riuaoan commifci-i ' 

with whom wi5 nra in ti-eaty about the dgarctte-holders. 
formally betrothed in Pant, Allic and I " 

"We wae Ui • 




" WtKiU 70a mind callins hex the Comitesfl Aloifir» in spcnkuig of 
W to me I X — ^I baTo unploiuit lunoafttJoiu witli the othor tiauu<. Go 


** Tbo point u tlut, bAppcuia^ to ttop hero on 017 way. X wns & gcxxl 
tWl takm with UiO ' bentitirul pngaJi,' witliout of onunte knowing who 
iImvm; and I migUt liave made mjiwilf ray imhajijiy atout her if ib 
Wn't been for joo." 


" Yes, m Ekct. The firai I kucw of my pngno m&id bdog ooa «a<l the 
■nii'i with AlliA— CoonUM, I BXina — wm yoor m<nitiomnf; h»r nntoo to 
IW that Sn<t day at breakfast. Don't you reineiiiljnr my reautrkiD^ 
bv fltnogely things came out 1 It was accident our both hA|>;)eiunf; to 
W ben^ but it was you who mad? ua known to eodi oUier. Wasn't it 

*• V«ry ciiriou«, very umasioK, Ibc wbolo thinj; — ha, h*I And » 
fttC story aliout the Utree hnodivd a year wafr— pnrt of yoar poem, I 

" Not at mix. bat the Coontfies Altnara being my papa'a advedoc, T 

Oiked notiiiiig in mnrtTuig her. I tried to explain it to joa at the 

WW. boe ytm pitched into n» ec, and institod upon my learing hei- and 

! ■an^rfaig aomebody elan, that at lajit, jiut for the fun of the thing, I 

*AvwKd ytm to lidlere that I iras raally aa great a fool as you took me 

^^^^pneapoa exuoed a pauae of aome minatea. JefiT, I belEsve, lit a 
^^mntte. What T did 1 hare no reootlftction ; but I iniut have re- 
^ Batn ad atandisg before the easel. At length I felt that Jelf was AtAnding 

** Ik oooldn't be bettor, really," ho said. " Thoyli like it so much at 

m " Beg pardon r 

^ ** U'a to ^ to Boston, you know, to give papa and mamma an idea 
^ how their daagfaier-in'law looka. Ah I yon'vo pat in the ring, too. 
^^ ^od of that Hnadsome ruby, isn't it 1 " 

* Aa antfcioe. Soeh riftg« aro not made nowAdaya." 
" Esnopt by Tiffany ; he nuinufactuna them after tJio anti(i«e models. 
8^ llib at his etoni in Xvw York aix moatba ago, and juid ^fleon 
dolUus tar it. By the way, my dear Campbel), how tniidt will 

' Sitm, let me aee. How long have I been over it 1 " 
' Joat ax diiya." 

' Well, UiCD, I'll lot it go for six tbouaand pountla. I dtm't care to 
'■ noofljr out of fri«n<ls." 

^1m flDokr of Jeff's e^aretto pA into hw wind{i)pc; and while be 
T** enisling the door opened, and the two couutemes, followed by the 
*^at,ou«Mi in. 



Aft«r tit» [KiHjiut hod Immi criticiaed uid tli* cotni^iaknita ezAutgti 
I drew Dear to Almara, who waa Btnadiog sp&rt From tbe otlien, omt 

" CounteH. penoifc mjoongratuliitions." 

Then WM aoUi^i, ioTo1a&tar]r (jiiivcria; of tbo o^cWotrs uid of tlie 
corner of h«r moatli, and abo kept bnr »;« npoo th« portnit tm ih* 
aud in a low tono — 

" You know it,U«in!" 

" Yoor future himfaand has josb told me." 

tOie nhifted ber [toeititon a UtUe, and bo;^ io blnah sbwljr. 

" I havo indnd«l a portniit of th« rubj, tou obwrro," I went on. 
" An 70U laUsGml vitb it ^ " 

" Vety well— fixci'lleut," 8bc &ud mechanieolly. 

" I wag Dot sum wtwttier you miglit prefer to bnve i^ omitted. That 
evoidng on U>e beach — you remcaibei* — jou Beemed to wiidi it out of the 
waj*. I will ooDJore it nway ovra now, if joa any Uie woii)," aod I 
took up tbe palette and brubbes. 

There wsa a paiUK) : sbo andenlood me ; tho colour gradually Itfli ber 
fiue, wbich iih« still kept avertod. At length, with a pf^reeptible efibrt, 
abe said— 

" It bnd better raaain." 

" I think BO too," I said, laying down the palette. The company was 
now prepared to depart. 

" Before you go, Countess, I wish — merely outof curiosity — that yee 
wotild tell Die one tbin^." 

" WiOl, monateurl" 

" Ate yoa an angel or a dav-il 1 " 

"Hicn at burt she raised hex £100, palo as marble, and bor bUck eyta 
met mine in a quiet, stmogo look. Sbo ahruggod her shoaldors slightly. 

" 1 know not — well, [ am a woman. Adieu. You will notfbiget 
ma." And there, nt lUI events, ahe spoke no more than bmth. 

Xhe modnt price which I had put npoo my portrait appeand U 
OTCrtax the r«Boiirces of Beacon Btreetv and tbe wurk remained UfCta 
my hands. That nif^t Madame Knault's chimooy caught fir^— as 
oecuirence unprecedented in the middle itf Augiiat. I explained that 1 
had burnt up some rubbtiJi, which had proved to be remarkably in- 
flamuaUe, and made tlie falk^t ai>olv^es ; tut the good lady's narva 
did not nxuvni- their tone until a.flcr the exhiNUon of tinctore of 
orgentam — a suund doee. Tbia, so far a» I can recollect, was the iMl 
noticeable epi^odn of my mimmer holiday. 


It Slorn of ibc Jl^gisttrs. 

Teablv evenjOQfl knowa lliat x geDcral ^tem for ngistering l^hg, 

H, oikI ilcutliB u in fcprco in Engltiod. Ncorlj eroryono woalt] hold 

tt the " batefaos, matdies, and daapatche« " of a people ought to be thua 

aiuprelieasi'Tely reoordetl. But familiar uaagea of seMom-qucstioacd 

often («aipe examinAtion. Few of our I'eadcrB, pcrhapi, Iiilvo 

ijmred much into tlio history uod lists of rcgiM.mtioii in thin coiiiitty. 

at some Interest, nerflrtholotm, bulongs to ihetie Hubjccts we liojie to 

aw iu Uie rullowiag pages. 

In medimviU times eatrieo of nuu-nagen and burials vere sometuneti 

I iDiule in miasfJa and other dcrotional books ; but tho germ of tbo modom 

r«gist«T is to bo found in tlio monastic ittcords of those days. Among the 

[labours of the gcripforium — a retn-nt eKiKtiog in nioKt roligioiu hoti^H of 

itbe lotiff middle BgL'.3 — was that of writing yhj'ioiib clironiclci uf public 

rAnd privftt« tmn£iu:tionb. Ono of tliA histonoal accounts so ]ccpt up was 

a r«yi»ter, or i-ecitnl of the numhei's, incoDie, and properly of the 

mODaetery, with tlie getiealogios of its patronn, luid the names of tboBO 

baptised and buried within ita predncta. A second waa the obUvftry, in 

which were entered the deaths of kings, archbiahops, bishojM. abbots, 

pricatB, monka, bcncfactorB of the establishment, and othoi-s.* 

At the Kuppi!«amon of the English monnstariea imdor llonrj- VIII., 
[Ixinl CrotnwcU, the achiever of thiit gi-eut rcvolutiun, buthunglit him to 
, iterpetuitte and miUie general what Ike moiikct hatl but [Ktrtiully uurriod 
toot. Inspired, jterhapa, 1>y the example cf Cardinal Ximonnt in Spain, 
Lbs formed tlw plan of chbublihhiug parochial r^intrntiou iit Eiigliintl. 

Before it came into foi'oe liia schemo ui-ouaed popular dinApproval 
a tnisconooption, the riiiing of lli^ij in Yoi-kuhire and linooln- 
llin being portly ctviised by the cxiiected ordi'r for rc^tiiitiaii. " A 
}rt of CrouwelJ'n lutvntivn,", nuys Mr. Fruudu, "had gone abroad, 
^and, mingling with the irritating eD(|uinCR of the Suhftidy Comint)isioFit?iv, 
i gavo ruw to a rumour tliat a fine was to lx> jiaid to the Ciowu i.»n every 
I -wedding, ftin*™!, oi* chri».-t«ning."t Somewhat later, a lilse impreajiou, 
t inoduciiig like discoutent, WAX cr»at«d in Devon and Cornwall, "lliat 
taomme clurges mote thiiu liivth bj-n in tjmys poat iwhall grow to theym 
I by this oococyon off rogesatrj-nge of thc« thynggc*," was the fcoi* of tho 
west country folk aa cxpi'e^aed in a letter from Sir Piere Edgecouil^e to 
lA>rd Cromwell. Tha drcoiied order was not actually iaHiieil until Sep- 

• S«a Tit Hul«ty a/ ParirX RegUter* in Et^loi'if, by John SoiitUordtD EMia, p. 10, 
t StmAt'a Jtittvry, iit. p, 90. 



tvrober, inSJi, Rnd when iwoed, it was foond to ooabun no proTtmm 
ungmeutitig the royai rereuuv. 

It was, on the c»DtmiT, an injuDction unpoBing l>at slight burdoDS <it 
may kiml, taui tiiom oti Uio dergy nloac It diroctvd rtush vicar inad 
carats bo keop a register, umI to vrite tliereiED tli« day uul year of erery 
dirtstooiag, lUArrtAge, or Uirial taJtiag place ia bu piiriah, villi tbo 
namcM of all »> chrifft>>aecl, married, or interred. It ordived that the 
regiit«r abould be kept in a cheat, and removed tbereA^m for use ool; 111 
the proBODOo of a churcliwiurdeD. It «nforoed these rules by a penalty of 
three and fourponoi-, which iiuui wax lo W forfeiled hy thu [xunKni foreacli 
offeuoe, aud ap|iUed to chun^ nipaira, 

Orden to much the mme eSnot wore promnlgatjod during the Cvo 
next rcdgna. Bui not till Ute time of Elialxttli mw the suhjeei flI&ctiuUj- 
(fJccn ill hand. Then, after the ia«ue of uuw iajuuctipiiA, aud the Uitro- 
duction and ubauduiim<>iit of more rhon oq« re^tratiou bill in the 
HooM of CommonBr a Constitution vbich noticed the great nsefuInoB of 
pariah ngittem, and Inid do'art raionte rules for thoir making and keep- 
ing was pRS»Hl hy the uivlibiRliop, liiKhopo, and ciargr of the provltiM 
of CWiterbury, luid approved by the Queen under tbe Great Seal. Tbia 
took pbwe in 1697. 

Tho rf^uitratton now (»rdcred was to ctainux pas-t as veil as future, 
teaching back to iho time at which the fitst diroctdoos on the Kubject liatl 
been issuod. Such regtsten as weto oopivd from (m-vioiui records under 
the injiinctioQ were signed on each page by the vicur or curate and 
churchwardens in office at the timo of tcnniicription. 

KntricA in early church regialarB — and, aa we ah&ll ne, the rouuric 
ofien applies to tbono in far later reconht aho — were oxtromoly ineagn^ 
A name or & ]Hur of nomoa, a duto, ]M}rhap«* ii place — this was «n tho 
in formal ion givpn. Euth i'utry wntt niucli ii)il)i«vtat«:d; each was with- 
out aqwrate attestation. " Kich" NcvelJ b«p. 20 July. 1563,"— 
" Thomas Hudson & VAiiab. Ward mar. 14 Mar. 1396."—" Joan IWd 
of Nethei-fold bur. 13 Siep. I5f!'};" — such wutv tbo normal ioacrtianE. 
Where, indeed, ponons of distinction wore oonoemod, they were cocoe- 
timea hoooni-cd with fuller mention. The bulk of n^stmtlon, liovenr, 
woe exactly oa wo dcacribe. 

But, betides the r^^t<>ni kept under eoclcEds^tica] order, othets — 
voliuitanly j>rf[xu'ed — liad already 1>egiin U> tALst, The Pnotcitimts who 
bad tukcn lefu^u in Kugbtnd so «arly aa the rvigu of Homy A*L (vhich 
tfoveniign had gi-onted ihem a. charter for Uie exeret«e of their rvligionj 
Irnd, on forming tlicmselYos later into argsuisod bodies, coinmvnctid nff»- 
ters of thfiir own for their own purpose*. Muny of tlMtae are now In 
Oovenuoeiit kivping. The UKwl ancivul.a volume from < > 

church of St. JuHen, in BouUiiunplon, dueervts apecial : , l- 
DnAieg from 1 067, it contains careftiUy written entries of baptikiai, 
marriages, aud deaths, with hsts at those who w«re preemt at thu 
monthly oelelinitious of the SairU^ C'ina; and theee are wuU worthy flf 
examtualion. But it also smbrAoee miuutes of jmtna and a^ivit» tit 



wfaieb are ottierwiso mtoir^tinc;; th« soloDZiltioB bAving been 
Xy Wd oo aooount of jiuUic «v«nt«, <u tlio niimacra of Paris, or, " 2a 
flUmi^atiim egtranff« dt lafioii« (FE^poffrtf." It is cntertainiiig to follow 
tbo iUitoiy of tliP timm m net forth in th&«f< mnmonnilft. Th4> following 
qootatloii (extnicUid lEtantll;) s-ill hhow that Ota ]>tiH.y uf tbo ntTngixs 
' VH bot tminued with a (tnpenUtioua belief in |Ha-tente : — 

_» Z* fi ifnttra 1 58 1 L« J^ume/ut CdtbrS pi/ frier diru Xo' Gor^n 
Lim ffecU Ja aigtie* Je ton iro Jrquoy aHotu tatf mrttn<he m Ut 
CtmnrW ifvt/ t'ett eomtnence* a Jfonjiivr U B/fo^letnt 't a duri juMftifa nu 
13 iJtori<r« ^Mfia avxttf eotre tie ffratuU c(niM^«m«ru «t Reuoiutioiu 
ifonnttt a (ac) paU dt Jtandrea Jr p iteta : afin jne Je »a Gnut Jl Iti^j 
flmiM taut $tnim«r a hun pr Le prafU <Ie »tm SylUe." 

Tbv other amgr^iUions of W&ltooos, farmed towards the close of the 
wrtncnlli Gtsilui7ta Nonnch, C&aturlxirr, and ttlMirborf, were nil ettt«ii- 
im ta r^ktntlon ; iuk! theii* recra-ib roinnJn m |iroof« of tli« iwitui 
iMtenm) n|>on the mattOT in CArly days by tbcae wlio were nob lastly 
twBi} t4i pve bwJ to it. 

Id tbe firat ynr uf Jumea 1. (1603), a canon to macb tbe samd MftA 
u tint ]«inil onilcT EluabcpUi whs ratifi<:«t by tbc King j it« pnxleoentvr 
i«»iii5, it would Raem, been after all imjxjrfrctiy ob«ePV«l. Many 
twU n^teni now rjdatini; were made up tn piirat»iM» of its pro- 
*Uoiit, Botb ordutaooee eojoiued Uie yeorlj' tnuismlHaiou to diocMftti 
'^[fabari of aUeOeit eopiea of the registers ; and this injunction — merer 
I 'Ulj obeyed — amfaodicd nn important princifde, wliicli it has beat found 
*w«Bjy to carry eat in modem ci^il resistaratioa. 

l>ariDg' tbe civil wiu-ii u.11 rvgi^t^ution waa luticli neglecUHl ; and a 

; opinion AgTunst tlM cectl or hwfuln(^»(( of infniit lM{itiHiii Joined 

, fltber oaiuwii to make the recorda of cArMlMtin^t at tliis time par- 

icii«rfuct. Lny ref;iiitntlon waa aAerwanlii for a while 

lied. In 165^.. the P&rluuaeut passed au Act directing tb^t * 

' Tegifltrftr ahoiilit )h> choeen for every jwrish. This officer was 

*^dnl hj the inhabitanta. and on bis election was approved and sworn 
"> by a juKdoe of the yetm. As rooq k» ho had been appointed, the 
™fcj dturvh n^tera were luunlwl over to him for wife nijitody ; and it 
*^* Us dnty to regisU^r fnrlAt, manittgea, Mid burials. He waa required 
^ tXiMkm hii entriM in volnnus " of good vellom or parobinent,"' to )m! 
' < Called for tJiD purpoML He aoems often to have uaed the old books 
b* foQDiI unfilled, lua appointment having first been notifi»d 
Of iniirriiif^ ho was empovorod to roostve nutioos ; and he wm 
to piiblitib t)if> pnrticiitars citber " in tlie public muotiiig-ptaoe 
■ oalJwl titi^ diurch or cb«|)el," afW " uioming i-xcrctso " on tbree 
Kta " X/ot^'M dayi," or elae " in the marLet-pIaco next to the said 
r ' Ixiween tlie boim oftwiilvr itDi] 

. Omrria^ mtry twelvif^MnKe. 
iy mgiatnui waM 

■ mIghtrWOTvefotirpeivw.aii'ifor 
'Hie ordiniinoe fur tho apfxitntiuont 
observed in ail ^nrulusii-, «\uVe qqcv 


nooallf the {ncumbe&tii continued to register itidepeDdentlj of 
8oQi«tizaes tli« {Miiah cleric wu Appointed iKgistmr. 

Subeetjueat writers in tbe regiKten tuaw nnd Uien denounce the inter- 
lopsn Bevendy, In b book at Elwick, Curbam, I&r registmtioD ud 
oUmt oontMnporar7 «ivils are tfius fomblf traced to tlieir source : — 

" M«m. Uul muryUige by juKtk-m, election of nglKtcni b^' the 
paruhioaert, nnd tb« uw of ruling eldon, first cmtav into fiuluon in tbo 
tiniflR of rebellion onder that moiuter of natore Jf hloudy trrant OUrer 

The entries nt*do under tbe ordiuonoe of the Fartiuacut wete not 
Twified Ir,- siffruiturrt, except such as related to nuuriugeB, to which the 
sobacriE>iioQ of tho justice Uforc whom the nuuringo took place vw 

At the RaiUnation, th^ clergy n^in took t3ie existing regiirten into 
their charge, and again L«cao)t) tbe national registmra. During thr 
reign of CAiarles II., a aiagular Act wa« pnaaed which haa IcA a ooo- 
apicnotu marlc on the jiariitli recoida. It was meant to "leneo tliB 
importation of liuen frou bevoiid U>e nens, and to enoounigc the WMkUcn 
manofiictimof this kingdom;" and with these objects it pravided that tlw 
deadflhould be buried in woollen only. Compliance with ita reqitircments 
wna ofton noted in the resistors ; occasionally in ereiy btirial-onbT' 
individually, ua at Wnt Bi-adcnham, fn Norfolk, whore oaeh iaaortioo 
contains the words: "Bniied in woollen and nothing but woollco a»_ 
appeared by afBdavit," This affidavit the statute reqnirod to be n^^| 
Ij- the friends of the deoeaaed, and to be brought to the ofBctattng do^V 
man. A pn:Jadice still exiaUng among the lover clanes in favour «C 
shrouds BUide cf flannol, is no doubt an outf^rowth Ironi tbcnowobulata 
compuboiy uMgo of twu hundred ycnrs ago. The Act allowed exem^ 
tion from its proriiBcns whcu dwtUi had recnltod from " plb{^." 

Though jinrochial regutters are mostly silent as to fatal disorden* 
they often bear vitness of no tDdi^tiuct kind as to the ravngee of the 
epidemice which were known by the mirae just statod. Tbe Tworda otT 
Great Yarmouth yield an example, giving a raluahle history of the vist^ 
tntion of 1664, 1605, and 18G6, which afiectcd the mortality of the town 
from No\-emlier 17 in th« firHt-nnnivd to Oetobor 1 of iho Lut-naDMii 
y«ar. 'When tho malady reached its climax, linU<ed, two wec^ wer» 
passed over wiUiout any i-nlry. But a\mt from the &ea80D oftfais li|(- 
nificant silonce, the ):«conl of numlwrK samlicod is complete. Is oM» 
week, out of 13S personH who died from all causes, 1 16 were rietiaui tf* 
'phgno.'' Between the Aaic^ abor<t montioned, somo l.&Si individnalc 
probalily succumbed to tlio ejitdcmie in Gx-at Yarmouth. Tli» bUnka 
aire llktily to hare ariacn from tho suddun death of those who regtst»t«d. 
A book belonging to th« parish nFHt. Nicholas, Bristul, shows tlefiniuly 
how iv^tration was sometimes thus intermpted daring tbo profrus of 

* Quotol lo Ciromeoa JitinbiU, ur Extncts from P«ruh BqpjMnx 
3. Hiehols and Son. IB4U 



1H-' _ ",^ 



itisB Eudtt u we refer to. A memommliun whidi it miiUiDft rv- 

to " plague," after ntating some pttrticiilitrs of tlie TmitaUoii, adilx : 

' In wUcfa tUB« John Tniiiinn thp clarke J: Phillip Slude the sexton 

hr nmnn wbertuf nott only tbuy botli, Ijnt mxny otheiB are left 

lit of Lbift Kt^jiftta-." 

Undor WUUmii III., regisU^tion wax for tlio 5nit timn Uinied to 

i u a mouis of nusinjf revenue. Tlw earli«Ht etatuCc Imving tlits 

oh j i ct WM «Ued ** An Act for granting to bis Majesty certain rut«.>s mid 

dotiM Qpon nuuriagei, btrtlu, bqc) burials, and itpon bacbeloni and 

«i<lov«CB, for tbfl teno of fivo years, for carryinj on tbo war against Franco 

«i(ii vigour." The doty on nuirriago nndm- thin Act mn(^ from S#. 64. 

t»SO£, in proportion to the rank of tfao bridegruoin ; that for births from 

V to iOL ; luxl tliut for burials from is, io mora tbaa iOt. Tho trtatuto 

tslK fODUited Erom b«eheIorB and widowers, above the age of twentv-five. 

Is jwriy sum varying from U. to \-2l. 10*. It iinposod a ponalt/ of 

WiL OQ tlioM of tbe clergy w)ki nboidd neglect n^stration, and om- 

Ipmral tk« taz-wUectora to oxamino the n^glstfirs witbuut fov. As 

■ifbt have bcL-n cxpoctMl, birtlia were now conoealed that At cost of 

tigirtraUoD nigbl bo csoapod. ThiH led to a farther enaetmmt, which 

rapiirad puactH, undsr [woalty, to give notice of blrtlw to lite clergy 

vitfitn five day* of their occurreuco, 

i flsuflo at the monparociial rcj^isti-Btion of the sevaiteentb century 
I W bMxnoes MoessaiT. The Protestant zt^ajpees, wlioM oombers had 
^ Diich increaaed after the massacre of Paris in 1572, became morft 
ODwmtB still on tbo Rovocslion of the R<lict of Nantes in \m5. Tho 
ttimat, who formed » lAr>^ proportion of tlieir l<ody, mostly settled ia 
%»>llllslJs, whero they wove silk and bnilt ehurobes. By all the con- 
P^imM and there were at one time at loutt ten in the neighbourhood 
-fibi wm bestowed on teipatration. Qovcrouiont has acqulrod tbo 
ttib Wonj^ng to eight of tJie nutolwr. Theoe recordu, composed for 
lb WML part of CArafiitly written entriea, are wanting in specially dis- 
HsNliu features. A far more important oontnbiition to the class of 
nnHt we are eonsidgring ta found in the registers uf the Society of 
^^ik Xo rci^uttrs <>xist which havo Ifotm prepared with more can) 
''•aitajB. AWvo l,*;i)0 rolumca of th«o are now natiooal property; 
M ihiy form, pnibahly, a nearly pcrfi^vl {{eoealoigical history of Uie \)Oi\y 
'"oVkh they relate. Tbry include dates reaching bach to the l>f^iiiiiiiig 
'As eaatniy with which wo are ooneemed, a period antsriiw by noarty 
^ J«an to tliat »f bhe a£t(tal formatiuD of the Scxxol^'. Thin tdiows, of 
■^B*. that toiddle-aged rocioiite to tho faith of Ocorge Fox, m well as 
j ^i* brmi within the pole of estnblislietl t^unkenloru, wen enrolled in 
*W ■wmoriahi of Quaker rise and progtess. 

\ ntcthoj of r^tering at Snt adopted by tho Friends was to enter 

pajje the entire history of a fiunily. Id one column vera 

Urthi and marriage of tlio parcuts ; tu another tlio Urtht 

in a ibird the burials of ail. But Ilita plan, at oooB 

tW-It— JTO. JS?. 16, 



oompticatied ani impeifect, woa not much or long followed. Birtba, 
ru^t aad burials wore moMly roguMivd apart; nnd enttim vere 
voifiecl l>y tLci ragnseara of [lenotn immoduiUtlr cnniwnieil tn the < 
rMMOB n-'cuidi'd. Wheai a lirlh was tiie fiict. to W d«alt> viUi, Ui» 
euUnt wore TrrittOQ out in dn[4icate oa pnrcliment Kbeeta, cacli at whidi 
waa feigoed by tvo witnonea of the DTtnU Ooo of UiOM sliBOtii, bnn* 
Bxed iixU> a book, fonued Uio jx^nunitout r«giflter ; tbe otlun- wna fpTCQ b> 
tlie pAiento. In thA cue of a Iniiinl, Uie eourw followed wha mocb Aa 
Btuni?, Of uitrringfvi, enlrifs were for a time marc eUborata Tbe page 
of tJ)« regUt«- was hauled witJi a Btatenent of tlie birth and [xutotage of 
Imde and bridegroom. Thou followed a wordr doclarabion as bo llio dor 
publicatum of (bo iu«mag« oad tbi- aLerouo <>f objoctioD Uicroto, vitb as 
aeknowMg^ent of tlto oontract anteml into. To to mucJi the brida aatl 
bridegroom ftiitaoribed. A. \otxg afBruatioa of the fact of onioo wa£ 
added for tho signotare of wituMsce, who aometimeB Qumlxired aa nunT 
aa a hundred and twea^. latar, tba form uwd for marriag»< o tote 
beoune moni itimplek Notvithstaoding Bome oytvpnaaoKm, tfae 
Quaker repatration wag in uuuiy rmpeotft vrorthj of imitatiOD ; am) 
eapeot»lly m that it require*! Uie RtttliiiuUcatioa of cntriea \rf tbe aigna- 
turea of thono who hod personally witnessed iba facts ontored. Tbr 
IiideiMmd«nt« mgistarod births anil bt^ituuSf and in some casn death* 
nnd bonala. The oarUest of their rcconb wliicfa wo hare aeec begjm is 
16^4. The eutiwti of blrtlifi and haptiamji were nuule hy Lh« miniilff 
who officiated at tiie baptism, and vers usually attested by his sigitation 
Tbe Bapluta Have, for the moot part, boea bad rogistnus, altltougb tbi* 
9X9 axeaptioBS to tliia nila The registon of the Ftthay and Bixmdsuad 
ebapeb at Bristol repveaeat tbe more ouefiil regittrntioa-work td ^ 
laat-named body. 

Tbo close of the seveutooiitb oenttiiy and Hva finb b&lf of & 
oightvcnth introduce on to Hiove Hoapcgrooo priosta and whimaoal r^