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Correspondence of Jonathan Worth 



Alumni I'rofettor of llittory in lh« 
Uairertity of North Carolioa 





1^007- 5 5 (/J 

APR S5 1910 



J. BRYAN GRIMES, Chaikman 

D. n. HILL M. C. S. NOBLE 

R. D. W. CONNOR. Sbobctabt. 

Copyright 1000 by The North Carolina Historical Commission. 

1 •> M! 'I 



The following collectiou of letters came into the possession of the 
editor through the kindness of Mrs. William H. Bagley and Mrs. E. 
E. MoflStt, two of Governor Worth's daughters. They proved of so 
iiiucli value in the preparation of a sketch of Reconstruction in North 
C^arolina, upon which (lie oditor was then engaged, that they seemed 
well worth publication. The North Carolina Historical Commission 
lias made this possible and all of the letters calculated to cast any light 
upon conditions in North Carolina have been included in this collection. 

With but few exceptions the letters written by Governor Worth arc 
fnnn his private tissue letter-books. Those written to him which are 
Iiere included, a A'ery small paii; of his correspondence, were also loaned 
by the members of his family. All are now in the possession of the 
North Carolina Historical Commission. Many very valuable letters were 
(iosiroyed some years ago when his residence was burned, adding another 
to the many similar losses in the State. It is most unfortunate that 
time has made it impossible to read a number of the letters. In some 
casos, also, jmrts of Ic Iters arc illegible; such passages are always 

Most of the letters are self-explanatory and consequently the notes 
are few. The biographical sketch will also serve to explain many of 
tlicm. In explanation of the metb(»<l followed in editing them, it is 
only necessary to say that the orthography, capitalization, and punctu- 
ation of the writers are unchanged. Wherever the address of the per- 
son to whom the letter was written is known, it is placed immediately 
below the letter. Except where they are needed to make clear the rela- 
tions existing between the writer and the person addressed, the forms 
of address and closing are omitted. The index will appear in the 
second volume. 

The editor wishes to express his appreciation of the assistance ren- 
dered him by the members of Governor AVorth's family, Mr. Josephus 

iy Preface. 

Daniels, and Mr. R. D. W. Connor, Secretary of the North Carolina 
Historical Commission. He also wishes to return thanks to Mr. J. M. 
Porter, late of the University of North Carolina, for his invaluable ser- 
vices and painstaking care in copying the letters and in deciphering 
many that had defied all former efforts in that respect. 

Chapel Hill, N. C, 

April 15th, 1909. 


''Jonathan Worth, son of David and Eunice Worth, was born in 
Guilford County, North Carolina, 18th Nov., 1802, He received a 
fair English education at the neighboring old .field schools, being much 
indebted to Win. lleynolds, the benefactor of his neighborhood as a 
teacher, for correct instruction in English grammar and arithmetic. 
At the age of 18 years he was sent to the Academy at Greensboro for 
2 1-2 years, and distinguished himself for diligence and proficiency in 
his studies. His father being unable to continue him longer at school, 
he took a school near the residence of Judge Murph^y, in Orange 
County, and commenced the reading of law under the direction of this 
talented and eminent lawyer. On the 20th Oct, 1824, he married 
Martitia Daniel, a niece of Judge Murphey, and in Dec. following ob- 
tained a license to practice law, and afterwards settled at Asheboro, 
K. C. 

**Owing to extreme diffidence and the total absence of anything like 

oratorical llourish, others, not more learned, took the lead of him in 
])racticc. Notwithstanding his great need of professional gains his 
painful diffidence made him almost prefer to lose a fee rather than make 
9 speech. After lingering at the bar for years, with few clients, he 
determined, as a means of overcoming his repugnance to public speaking, 
to become a candidate for the Legislature, hoping the canvass might 
givo liim more nssuranco. He was elected ahead of all his competitors, 
and the next year was again a candidate and was re-elected. At this 
last session he offered resolutions denouncing nullification which, after 
a stormy debate, passed the House by a large majority. 

"In the beginning of 1831 he resolved to quit politics and devote him- 
self to his profession. He soon went into a lucrative practice and paid 
off all his dc^blfl, and steadily accumulated projKjrty till the year 1840, 
when he was almost forced again to become a ciindidate for a scat in the 
Senate of the State Legislature on the Harrison ticket. He was elected 
by an enormous majority. 

"At the session of 1840 the leading legislative measure was the putting 
in operation of a system of common schools. He was made chairman 

vi NoBTii Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

of the joint committee on education, and as such drew up and reported 
a bill which passed both houses, all the prominent features of which 
remniuod unchanged until the system of conunou schoolB was broken 
up by the late war. , 

^*lle was always an ardent admirer of Uenry Clay. In IS-il he 
opposed the Hon. A. Eencher for Congress, and was beaten. Both 
claimed to be supporters of Mr. Clay. Worth charged that certain acts 
of his opponent indicated a meditated defection from the support of 
Clay. He failed to convince the district, which was almost unanimous 
for Clay, that his suspicions as to the defection of his opponent were 
well founded. 

*^He now applied himself diligently to the practice of his profession. 
In 1845 a convention of delegates from the counties composing his 
congressional district noniinntod him for Congress. Ho acc<5[)tod the 
nomination, entered the field and was beaten by his competitor, Oen. 
Alfred Dockcry." 

In these words Jonathan Worth described a part of his life when 
asked to do so by his friend, John H. Wheeler. He never finished it. 
The fragment is interesting as his own words, but, apart from the fact 
that only a portion of his life is covered, it is inadequate as a description 
of a well-rounded life as full of success and honor as that of the subject 
of this sketch. 

The Worths came to N'orth Carolina from Nantucket. They werc 
nearly all Quakers. The family was characterized by the qualities of 
industry, thrift, devotion to principle and the fear of God. Conse- 
quently they were successful, not only in a material way, but also in 
obtaining the confidence, respect and admiiuition, if not the likiug, of 
all those with whom they came in contact. They were men of too firm 
a mould, were too given to forming their own opinions and then living 
up to them, instead of accepting them ready made, to be liked by all. 
Like all strong men they had enemies, but none who could say anything 
to their discredit. It was of this stock that Jonathan Worth was 
sprung, and of which he was a fair and representative type. 

His father, Dr. David Worth, was a physician of reputation in his 
section. His mother was Eunice Gardner, of Guilford cx)unty. Ho 
was the eldest of twelve children, nine of whom lived to old age. 

As a student at Caldwell Institute in Greensboro, at that time one of 

BiooBAPHicAL Sketch of Jonathan Wobth. vii 

the best schools in the State, he became a proficient Latin student and 
ivad the Inngiiiigo with case all of his life. As has bccu seen, ho con- 
tiiiuetl his studies under Judge Murphy, who then lived at "The Her- 
mitage" and conducted a small private law school. Association with 
this scholarly man was of great benefit to him, and as a teacher he 
icceivcd, besides the financial benefit, that training which has always 
lioni tliought of the greatest advantage to a student of law. While here 
Ih. laid the foundation of an accurate and clear knowledge of the law. 
And here also he nu»t his future wife, the niece and ward of Judge 

Passing over the next few years with its bitter experiences, it is seen 
that his candidacy for the House of Commons had given him the needed 
confidence in his own powers, and had also taught the people that he 
was a man of character and attainment beyond the ordinary. He never 
l)ecauie an clociueut speaker, if oratory be the test, but he was clear and 
direct and spoke with a good deal of force, and consequently was con- 
viucing. Besides the part he played in the anti-nullification debate he 
was unusually prominent for a member at his first session. With nine 
others he voted against a series of resolutions endorsing President Jack- 
h)u'r administration. This excited a great deal of feeling and they 
were abusc^d almost as traitors. 

Willi success in his profession came a great increase in influence, at 
first in Randolph county, but gradually extending over the State. 
Never a profound or brilliant lawyer, he was exact, painstaking and 
unusually practical. A more methodical i^erson it would be hard to 
imagine. Every detail of a matter entrusted to him received the closest 
])ersonal attention. His oflice practice became very large and he had a 
large number of clients outside of the State. As a lawyer he was very 
successful. In addition to the practice of his profession he was inter- 
ested in many business enterprises. He was prominent in the move- 
ment to open a railroad to the Chatham coal fields, and was a large 
shareholder in a plank road from Eayetteville to Salem. The latter, 
however, was a failure. He also had a large turpentine tract in Moore 
county. His plantations were well managed and his slaves devotedly 
nttache<l to him. Their welfare was always in his mind, and though a 
firm master he was a very kind and considerate one. 

His ability was so well recognized that his friends and relations con- 

viii NoBTu Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

btantly sought his advice and, an unusual thing, followed it. Apart 
from business his correspondence was immense. 

In his family he appeared at his best. lie was ^ devoted husband, 
and no father could have been more tender to his children or more 
watchful of their best interests. He had eight children, six of wh(Hn, 
including one son, survived him. 

His mother was a Quaker but he himself never became a member of 
any religious denomination. His wife was a Presbyterian and her 
children were roared in the same faith. But he was by no means an 
irreligious man, and pcraonally was very devout. 

In appearance he was a small, slight man with keen eyes and an 
alert expression. The Charleston Chronicle in 18C7 described him as 
^'a quiet little old gentleman, sharp as a brier and with a well of wisdom 
at the root of every grey hair." Quiet he was, but with decided opinions 
which ho did not hesitate to express, often with temper, lie was just, 
and yet this same temper occasionally caused him to be a little harali 
in his judgment of men, particularly of political opponents. A devoted 
Whig, the Democracy signified to him all that was dangerous and cor- 
rupt. He believed its doctrines subversive of the Constitution and of 
all good government, and for most of his life fought it with all his 

His life bears the strongest testimony to what can be accomplished by 
ambition, perseverance and devotion to principle. This last was the 
keynote of his life—- public and private; and this fact was generally 
recognized in North Carolina. He was not a genius, but simply a fine 
type of an able and honest gentleman, who thought a good name rather 
to be chosen than great riches, and who used the talents given him to 
their fullest extent. After all this is the best kind of genius for a 
public man. 

But it is not from his private nor yet his professional life that he 
deserves grateful remembrance from the State, fine as they were and 
deserving of record. It is as a public officer. As has been noted he 
was enthusiastic in politics. He soon became influential in the coun- 
cils' of the Whig paHy and took an active part in all campaigns. His 
tarly legislative service has been noticed. One other fact deserves fur- 
ther remark. As chairman of the committee on education, against 
bitter opposition, he secured the adoption of the federal population as 

BiooRAniicAL Sketch: of Jonathan Worth. ix 

lliu basiis fur llie public schools. This greatly increased the number 
and ciKciciicy of the schools. He was an earnest advocate of public 
education, having ideas on the subject far in advance of most of the 
public men of the time in North Carolina. Possibly this was in part 
due to the influence of Judge Murphy. At the same session he was 
elected a trustee of the University. This position he held for twenty- 
eight yoai*s. 

l*V)r ninny years he was Clerk and Master in Equity for liandolph 
county, resigning in 1858 to accept a nomination to the State Senate, 
lie was elected and as a member did what he considered the most 
important public act of his life. During the years of Democratic rule 
the North Carolina Kailroad had been entirely imder the control of 
I hat parly, and tluM'c was considerable dissatisfaction in the State at 
its managemc nt. Mr. Worth now moved that a committee be appointed 
io investigate its affairs. This was done, and he was made chairman. 
The inv(»stigation caused intense excitement and much ill feeling. Mr. 
Fisher, the president of the road, formerly a close friend and ardent 
admirer of Mr. Worth, wished to challenge him, but was prevented by 
the advice of his friends who knew that Mr. AVorth was opposed to duel- 
ing and would not be moved' in his convictions by public sentiment. 
The investigation, if it accomplished nothing else, had the effect of 
f'nnsiiig a more earerul nnuuigement of the corporate interests of the 

Mr. Worth was intensely devoted to the union and saw with alarm 
the progress of disunion sentiment in the State and in the South. But 
he, like those of similar opinions, was powerless to avert the impending 
crisis and the consequent struggle. In 18G0 he was again a candidate 
for the Senate and at the same time supported Bell and Everett Elected, 
tvhen the Gleneral Assembly met, he was one of the most determined 
opponents of the secession majority. Deeply he regretted his member- 
ship, but thought it would be wrong to resign in the midst of the crisis ; 
and so ho rcmained in his place fighting for a vain ho[)e. He opposed 
a convention, canvassed Randolph against it, and was sustained by a 
large anti-convention majority. When the extra session was held in 
May, 1861, after the fall of Sumter, he still voted against a convention, 
and when it was called declined to be a candidate in spite of the wishes 
of bis friends. But reflection convinced him that war must come, and 

X XoBTH Carolina . Historical Commission. 

there was no doubt in bis mind of tbe side be preferred and would 
eboose. Accordingly bo at once began .to urge tbe men of Randolph to 
volunteer and assist the South in presenting an unbroken front to (he 
enemy. Tndt^d bo thought this was the <iulyiway thiit a ItMig wiir cmmiM 
be avoided. 

Never in favor of tbe war. or, in fact, of any war, be always hated 
it and bnged for peace. Opposed to the Confederate administration, he 
was a loyal citi :n and acted as such throughout the entire war, declin- 
ing to take any part in tbe peace movement in 18(S.'$ and again in 1804. 
In 18()2 he was again seul to the Commons, hut h<n>u aftitrwards was 
elected Public Treasurer, and accepted. In tbe latter position be served 
with ability and fidelity until tbe close of tbe war and, in spite of tbe 
difficulties of tbe position, won golden opinions for bis skill and judicious 
management of bis ofiice. Just before Raleigh was. occupied by tbe 
enemy ho was placed by Oovernor Vance in cliargi? of the Stale archives 
which be carried westward, first to (company Shops, and later to Greens- 
boro, lie later brought tlum back after General Sehotield took eoiu- 
inand of the Department of North Carolina. 

Soon after W. W. Ilolden was a])pointed provisional governor (»f tla» 
State he requested Mr. Worth to l)eeouie provisiouiil treasurer nud 
financial agent of the State. The latter |H):>iti(ui was a very important 
one for, while the ordinary duti(*s of treasurer were stojiped by the al)- 
sence of funds, there was a great deal of property belonging to the State 
which could be collected. Much bad been lost from being seized by the 
agents of tbe United States Treasury or stolen by individuals. But Air. 
Worth saw Secretary Seward and Secretary McCulloch, and the latter 
authorized him to collect for tbe State the "ungathered debris," and 
ordered his agents not to be too inquisitorial in their search for State 
projjerty. Mr. Worth was so successful in his efforts that the sum of 
$150,000 was realized from what he collected. 

Tbe administration of Governor Holden not meeting with approval 
generally, many influential men looked about for a candidate to oppose 
bim. Through the influence of Josiah Turner and William A. Gra- 
ham, both of whom had been instrumental in securing his election as 
treasurer in 18G6, Mr. Worth was decided to be tbe most suitable person 
to make the canvass. In every way he was a fit choice, b'rom his 
record he should have been more acceptable to tbe North than bis oppo- 

Biographical Sketch of Jonathan Worth. xi 

iieuty and iii the State, as the result showed, the people greatly preferred 
him. Mr. Worth was very doubtful of the wisdom of accepting .the 
nomination. Many of his friends were opposed to his becoming a can- 
didate, believing that he could not be elected and thinking it bad policy 
to oppose Mr. Ilolden. Others were under such obligations to the latter 
that they could not oppose him. But careful consideration of the 
mafter couviiiwd him that it would bo wise to ac5coj)t, and he accord- 
ingly did so, resigning at the same time the position of provisional 

The Standard at once began the most bitter campaign against him, 
accusing him of being the tool of the ''secession party" and an original 
secessionist himself. The fact that he was opposed to the repudiation 
of the war debt at the first session of the convention was an additional 
ground of attack. Every ])ossible means to excite prejudice against 
him was adopted, but without success, and he was elected with a ma- 
jority of al>out six thousand votes. The provisional government did 
not terminate at once, but finally, the last week in December, 1865, 
despite the efforts of Mr. Ilolden to induce the President to continue it, 
it ceased, and Governor Worth, who had already taken the oath of office 
before the adjournment of the Gk^neral Assembly, assumed the duties of 
p;ovomor. The President was at firat greatly disappointed at the iTsult 
of llie el(H*Jiou, accepting the judgment of Mr. Ilolden and the Standard 
that it was a Confederate victory as the correct one. But later he 
learned the real condition of affairs and recognized that Governor Worth 
was truly desirous of a restoration of the union along the lines laid 
douni in the proclamation of May 2})th. 

The jMJsition in which Governor Worth now found himself was one 
full of difficulty and requiring the greatest tact and care. Unfriendly 
factions had to 1)0 reconciled, the political moves of a faction, bitterly 
hostile to him and to every one opposed to them, had to be watched, a 
suspicious administration reassured and the hostile North kept satisfied^ 
All of these but the last he accomplished. That, however, was beyond 
thv |M>wer of a S(Mitheni man if mindful of the people he represented, 
an<l Governor Worth was representative now of the mass of the people 
and was so recognized. In 1866 no one would accept a nomination 
against him and, although his opponents, at the advice of Mr. Holden, 
voted for Alfred Dockery, Governor Worth was elected by a very large 

xii NoETii Carolina Hibtobioal Commission. 

Lack of space will not permit an extended account of his multitudi- 
nous duties as Governor. One of the things over which ho earnestly 
labored was to defend the civil authority against the encroachments of 
tho military power. He also nniy bo given credit, in large part, for 
the securing of the admission of negro testimony, in spite of the opposi- 
tion of those who were soon after to favor unqualified negro suffrage 
and to form the nucleus of the Eepublicah party in the State. Every- 
thing that he could do, in honor, to secure the restoration of North 
Carolina to her normal relations to the union was dono. Afonn\vhiI(» 
certain politicians, whose only consistency had been in the frequency 
of their change of opinions when self-interest dictated it, slandered him 
and covered him with abuse. But he was not the man to be influenced 
by this and pursued his own course regardless of their opposition. 

When the reconstruction acts w(»re passed in 18(>7 Ikj at liivt faviircd 
an attempt to bring them before the Supreme Court of the United States 
for a decision as to their constitutionality. But, acting on the advice 
of Judge Thomas RuiBn, he consulted former Justice Curtis, then a 
lawyer in Massachusetts, who agreed with Judge Kuffin that any effort 
of the kind would be futile. Consequently he declined to join with the 
other Southern governors who were preparing to make the attempt. 

When General Sickles assumed command of the Second Military Dis- 
trict he reposed the greatest confidence in Governor Worth's judgment 
and frequently consulted him, even having him come to Charleston as 
his guest for the purpose. He was consulted by General Sickles in re- 
gard to every appointment for North Carolina, and his advice was 
usually accepted. But there was much in the carrying out of the con- 
gressional policy that he could not approve, and he often expressed 
himself fully to General Sickles and to the President. As for the plan 
of reconstruction adopted it is needless to say that he was strongly 
opposed to it. 

When General Canby took command there was a different condition 
of affairs, for he was regardless of the wishes of the people of the State, 
and equally regardless of their laws. But Governor Worth, in one 
instance at least, did the State a service with him. By his vigorous pro- 
tests he prevented the appointment of A. W. Tourgee as Superior Court 
Judge, and secured that of Colonel Clinton A. Cilley, who made an 
excellent officer. 

Biographical Sketch of Jonathan Worth. xiii 

Through all tho turmoil of the military government Governor Worth 
boro himself with the dignity befitting his high ofiicc and worthy olhis 
own character. He declined to allow his name to be used as a candi- 
date against Mr. Hoi den in 1868| not desiring the position and realiz- 
ing the hopelessness of the contest But he urged the people to register 
and vote and do all in their power to prevent the contemplated usurpa- 

Finally the end came. "To facilitate the process of restoration" a 
military order was issued, removing him from ofiice and appointing Mr. 
Holden, the governor-elect under the new constitution, to succeed him. 
With a dignified protest against the constitutionality of the act, Gov- 
ernor Worth retired from ofiice and returned to private life. 

The severe labors of his position had told upon him greatly and ho 
was far from well. Entire recovery never came again. Had he been 
a youngcT man and lived thei*c would, doubtless, have been for him in 
later years more honors at the hands of a grateful State. But his work 
was done and he died at "Sharon," his Raleigh home, on September 5, 
1860, and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in that city. 



Letters Wiiittkn by Jonathan Worth IIere Printed. 


Salisbury Apr. 



















































































28, 1841 Freemen of Tenth Congressional Dis- 

1864 ••••John Long. 

1854 Isaac Holt. 

1H55 Calvin 11. Wiley. 

1865 Thomas Bragg. 

1866 B. Douglass ft Co. 


1860 George McNeill. 

1868 Calvin H. Wiley. 

1868 John A. Gilmer. 

1868 John A. Gilmer. 

1868 Alfrc.*d G. Foster. 

1868 John M. Dick. 

1868 Bartholomew F. Moore. 

1868 Romulus M. Saunders. 

1868 Thomas Ruflln. Jr. 

1858 W. L. Springs. 

1869 John W. Syme. 

1860 John W. Syme. 

1860 Long ft Sherwood. 

1859 Jo. Holt. 

1869 Poler D. Swahi. 

1869 Samuel L. Holt. 

1869 Henry T. Clark. 

1869 John A. Gilmer. 

1869. William W. Holden. 

1869 Long ft Sherwood. 

1869 John Tapscott. 

1869 George C. Mcndcnhall. 

1859 George W. Little. 

1859 William W. Fries. 

1859 Isaac H. Foust. 

1869 David F. Caldwell. 

1869 Cyrus P. Mendenhall. 

1859 James A. Long. 

1859 C. B. Mallett 

1869 Tod R. Caldwell. 

1869 George Little. 

1869 J. G. Ralston. 

1860 £. J. Hale ft Sons. 

1869 George Little. 

NoETH Oaiiolina Historicai. Commission. 


Asheboro Dec. 3 

Asheboro Dec. 9 

Asheboro Dec. 

Asheboro Jan. 14 

Asheboro Jan. 18 

Asheboro Jan. 26 

Asheboro Feb. 13 

Asheboro Feb. 13 

Asheboro l<Vb. 14 

A sbeboro Feb. 15 

Asheboro Feb. 15 

Asheboro Feb. 15 

Asheboro Feb. IG 

Asheboro Feb. 17 

Asheboro IVb. 17 

Asheboro Feb. 20 

Asheboro Mar. 

Asheboro Mar. 10 

Ashoboro Mar. lU 

Asheboro I^far. 10 

Asholioro Mar. 31 

Asheboro Apr. 3 

Asheboro May 2 

Asheboro May 4 

Asheboro May 4 

AKhcboro May 4 

Asheboro June 

Asheboro June 

Asheboro June 11 

Asheboro June 25 

Asheboro June 28 

Asheboro June 28 

Raleigh Nov. 29 

Raleigh , 

Raleigh Dec. 17 

Feb. . . 

Ashelioro . ' Mar. 10 

Asheboro Mar. 10 

Raleigh May .. 

Asheboro I^^ay 

Asheboro May 6 

Asheboro May 13 

Asheboro May 13 

Asheboro May 15 

Asheboro May 17 

Asheboro ....May 20 

Asheboro May 21 








loliil ......■•• 


1 ooU ..••..... 




1 oOU 


1 ouU ......... 


iouU , 


1 oOU 














loOU ......... 


Long & Sherwood. 

Greensboro Patriot. 

James G. Ramsey. 

David Outlaw. 

Charles F. Finlier. 

James G. Ramsey. 

H. £. Cotton. 

James G. Ramsey. 

E. J. Hale & Sons. . 

Victor C. Barringer. 

Hannis, Smith & Townsend. 

His brotlicr. 

E. J. Hale &. Sons. 

Chesley F. Faucette. 

Dr. E. F. Watson. 

George Little. 

E. J. Hale &, Sons. 

William J. T^oii;;. 

J. 8. Sc(»U. 

George McNeill. 

C. W. Ruinuiii. 

Alfred G. Foster. 

C. W. Bainum. 

Chesley F. Faucette. 

Alfred G. Foster. 

James G. Ramsey. 

Luke Blaeknier. 

Giles Mebane. 

Chesley F. Faucette. 

Alfred G. Foster. 

Chesley F. Faucette. 

Giles Mebane. 

J. J. Jackson. 

1860 J. J. Jackson. 

1801 His constitiumtA. 

IKOl His brother. 

1801 James McNeill. 

1861 The people of Randolph County. 

1861 H. L. Myrover. 

1861 Cyrus P. Mendenhall. 

1861... ..T. C. and B. G. Worth. 

1861 Springs. Oak & Co. 

1801......... David G. Worth. 

1801 .C. W. Woollen. 

1801 Gains Winningham. 

1861 John B. Troy. 




Abheboro May 22 

Afiheboro May 28 

A8heboro May 30 

Asheboro June 3 

Asheboro June 5 

Asheboro July 13 

Asheboro July 31 

Ashrboro Aug. 1 

Asliolmro .Si*pfc. .10 

Asheboro Oct. 12 

Asheboro Dec. 7 

Asheboro Dec. 9 

Asheboro Dec. 16 

A»hcboro Dec. 30 

Asheboro Jan. 1 

Asheboro Mar. 8 

Aeheboro Apr. 3 

Asheboro Apr. 4 

Asheboro Apr. 5 

Ashelraro Apr. 20 

Asheboro May 1 

Abheboro May 15 

Asheboro May 10 

AHheboro May 23 

Asheboro June 27 

Ai^hcboro fuly 4 

A8hc1x>ro J uly 13 

Afheboro July 13 

Abheboro July 10 

Asheboro July 10 

Asheboro July 10 

Asheboro July 10 

Asheboro July 10, 

Asheboro July 20 

Asheboro fuly 21 

Ashelioro July 25 

Ajsheboro Fuly 25 

Ai»heboro July 27 

Asheboro July 27 

Asheboro Sept. 10 

A.sheboro Sept. 17 

Asheboro Sept 28 

Asheboro Nov. 1 

Asheboro Nov. 10, 

Asheboro Nov. 1 1 

Asheboro Nov. 12 


1801 Johnson & Farns worth. 

1801 Joseph Utley. 

1801 II. B. Elliott. 

1861 Alfred G. Foster ft F. J. Land. 

1861 Robert Gray. 

1861 David G. Worth. 

1861 Alfred G. Foster. 

1801 K. J. Ilale & Sons. 

1861 Htirxillai G. Worth. 

1861 William K. Lane. 

1861 H. B. Elliott. 

1861 Alfred G. Foster. 

1861 Lee M. Andrews. 

1861 John M. Worth. 

1862 Lee M. Andrews. 

1862 Nicholas Williams. 

1862 D. G. and B. G. Worth. 

1862 Allen M. Tomlinson. 

1862 Ebenezer Emmons. 

1862 T. C. and B. G. Worth. 

1862 Alfred G. Foster. 

1862 William J. Long. 

1862. J. J. Jackson. 

1862 Gains Winningham. 

1862 Alfred G. Foster. 

1802 T. C. and B. G. Worth. 

1802 Zobulon B. Vance. 

1862 James M. Worth. 

1862 0. W. Carr. 

1862 Alex. McAllister. 

1862 Jesse K. Kise. 

1862 G. L. Russell. 

1862 L. Odell. 

1862 K. IT. Winningham. 

1862 Lieutenant Kearney. 

1862 L. D. Andrews. 

1802 Paul Arnold, Sr. 

1862 James Newlin. 

1862 Commanding Officer, Company I, 22d 

N. C. Regt. 

1862 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1862 Isaac H. Foust. 

1862 William A. Graham. 

1862 David G. Worth. 

1862 B. F. Blair. 

1862. ....... . Josiah Turner, Jr. 

1862 E. J. Hale & Sons. 

NoBTii Carolina Histobical Commission. 


Raleigh Jan. 6 

Raleigh Apr. 3 

Raleigh Apr. 3 

Raleigh Apr. 

Raleigh Apr. 8 

Fragment with no date. 

Raleigh May 6 

Raleigh May 13 

Raleigh May 30 

Raleigh May 30 

Rultiigh May 30 

Raleigh June 18 

Raleigh July 6 

Raleigh July 13 

Raleigh July 23 

Raleigh July 25 

Raleigh July 26 

Raleigh Aug. 1 

Raleigh Aug. 1 

Raleigh Aug. 3 

Raleigh Aug. 3 

Raleigh Aug. 6 

Raleigh Aug. 6 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 1 1 

Raleigh Aug. 13 

Raleigh ; Aug. 24 

Raleigh Aug. 24 

Raleigh Aug. 27 

Raleigh Sept. 10 

Raieigh Sept. 10 

Raleigh Sept. 13 

Raleigh Sept. 13 

Raleigh Sept 16 

Raleigh Sept. 24 

Raleigh Nov. 3 

Raleigh Dec. 8 

Raleigh Dec. 24 

Raleigh Dec. 26 

Raleigh Dec. 26 

Raleigh Jan. 5 

Raleigh Jan. 10 

Raleigh Jan. 20 

Raleigh Jan. 22 

Raleigh Jan. 30 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

date. written to 

1863 J. J. Jackson. 

1863 Zlebulon B. Vance. 

1863 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1863 ^.ebulon B. Vance. 

1863 Nicholas Williams. 

1863 H. W. Quion. 

1863 John M. Worth. 

1863 J. J. Jackmm. 

1863 John M. Worth. 

1863 £. Burke UuywtNMl. 

18U3 Thomas Wul>li. 

1863 E. J. Hale & Sons. 

1863 Josiah Turner, Jr. . 

1863 Jesse G. Henshaw. 

1863 John M. Worth. 

1863 David G. Worth. 

1863 Alfre<l G. FosttT. 

1863 Alfred Brown. 

1863 His daughter. 

1863 Mrs. David G. Worth. 

1863 Daniel G. Fowle. 

1863 Noah Rush. 

1863 John M. Worth. 

1863 Jessu G. llcunhnw. 

1863 Joseph A. Worth. 

1863 Jesse G. lituishaw. 

1863 D. B. Buckcrditc. 


1863 Archibald McLean. 

1863 Allen M. Tomlinson. 

1863 Worth ft Daniel. 

1863 Floyd Julian. 

1863 Barzillai G. Worth. 


1863 Thomas J. Wilson. 

1863 David G. Worth. 

1863 William J. Long. 

1863 William J. Yates. 

1863 A. M. Tomlinson k Sons. 

1864 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1864 Joshua Boner. 

1864 Alfred G. Foster. 

1864 J. J. Jackson. 

1864 Darius H. Starbuck. 

1864 A. L. Lamb. 

1864 Darius H. Starbuck. 


Rnleigh Feb. 6 

Raleigh Feb. 8 

Raleigh Feb. 8 

Raleigh Feb. 

Kaleigh Feb. 10 

Raleigh Feb. 11 

Raleigh Feb. 11 

Rnlci^h Feb. 10 

Riilcijjh bVb. 18 

Raleigh Mar. 2 

Raleigh Mar. 6 

Raleigh Mar. 28 

Raleigh Apr. 21 

Raleigh Apr. 22 

Raleigh Apr. 23 

Ivalcigh Apr. 25 

Raleigh Apr. 30 

Raleigh fitne 8 

Raleigh June 8 

Raleigh June 10, 

lUleigh June 10 

Raleigh June 30 

Raleigh July 4 

Raleigh July 7 

Raleigh July 8 

Raleigh July 8 

Raleigh luly 12 

Raleigh July 13 

Raleigh July 13 

Raleigh July 16 

Raleigh Aug. 3 

Raleigh Aug. 6 

Raleigh Aug. 15 

Raleigh Aug. 20 

Raleigh Aug. 27 

Raleigh Aug. 20 

Raleigh Sept 12 

Raleigh Sept. 10 

Raleigh Sept. 20 

Raleigh Sept. 23 

Raleigh Oct 17 

Raleigh ()ft. 24 

Raleigh Nov. 12 

Raleigh Nov. 18 

Raleigh Nor. 18 

Raleigh Dec. 20 

Raleigh Dec. 21 


1804 John Pool. 

1804 J. J. Jackson. 

1804 John M. Worth. 

1864 William J. Long. 

1804 Daniel Worth. 

1804 David O. Worth. 

1804 George Makepeace. 

1A04 l>aniol Ia KurhcII. 

1804 William Brown. 


1804 Darius H. Starbuck. 

1804 Patrick H. Winston, Jr. 

1804 David O. Worth. 

1804 James Russell. 

1804 William W. Holden. 

1804 J. J. Jackson. 

1804 J. J. Jackson. 

1804. William A. Graham. 

1864. David G. Worth. 

1864 Charles R. Thomas. 

1864 David G. Worth. 

1864 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1864 David G. Worth. 

1864 Joseph A. Worth. 

1864 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1864 David G. Worth. 

1864 lf>Fcph Ncwitn. 

1864 Allen M. Tomlinson. 

1864 J. J* Hamlin. 

1864 1. Jarrett. 

1864 John M. Worth. 

1864 David G. Worth. 

1864 J. J. Jackson. 

1804 David G. Worth. 

1804 W. F. Brookshire. 

1804 John L. Brown. 

1804 His daughter. 

1804 Robert Bingham. 

1804 H. E. Colton. 

1804 Worth k Co. 

1804 ITenry K. Burgwyn. 

1804 David G. Worth. 

1804 Foseph A. Worth. 

1804 Giles Mebane. 

1864 Richard S. Donnell. 

1864 .Alfred G. Foster. 

1864 David G. Worth. 


NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 


Baletgh Jan. 

Haleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

l!aleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Afar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Afar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh ^ .Mar. 

Rnleigh Apr. 

Raleigh Apr. 

QreenBboro Apr. 

Greensboro Apr. 

Raleigh Apr. 

Company's Shops Apr. 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 




John M. Worth. 


. . . . Josiah Turner, Jr. 


• • • • 


.... David 6. Worth. 


J. M. Parrott. 


A. V. Sullivan. 


J. M. Odell. 


. .. .J. J. Jackson. 


Worth A Co. 


....John M. Worth. 


David G. Worth. 


. . . .David L. Swain. 


....John M. Worth. 


....John M. Worth. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


.. . .J. J. Jackson. 


. . . .J. J. Jackson. 


. . • •J. J. Jac^kmiii. 


. . . .J. J. Jacksun. 


. . . .S. S. Jackson. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


* . . . J. J. Jackson. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


. . . .J. J. Jackson. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


. . ..J. J. Jackson. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


. . . . J. J. Jackson. 


J. J. Jackson. . 


...W. P. Pugh. 


C. B. Dibble. 


....N. H. D. Wilson. 


.... Swepson. Mendenhall k Co 


. . . .Joseph A. Worth. 


....David G. Worth. 


....Calvin H. Wiley. 


. . . .J. L. Bason. 


....N. H. D. Wilson. 


Zebulon B. Vance. 


....David Q. Worth. 


. . . .Andrew Johnson. 


R. S. Frencli. 


. . . . W. B. Stephens. 


. . . . Edwin G. Reade. 


.... J. L. Hathaway & Sons. 


George W. Swepson. 


Kftleigh Aug. 24 

lUleigh Aug. 26 

Itiileigh Aug. 30 

Raleigh Aug. 31 

Kaleigh Sept. 1 

Saleigh Sept 2, 

Raleigh Srpt 2 

Balcigh Sept. 5 

llnlcigh Sept. 6 

Raleigh Sept. 7 

Raleigh Sept. 9 

Raleigh Sept 0, 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 11 

Raleigh Sept 11 

Raleigh Sept 11 

Raleigh Sept 14 

Raleigh Sept 14 

Raleigh Sept 16 

Raleigh Sept 16 

Raleigh Sept 20, 

Raleigh Sept 23 

Raleigh Sept 24 

Raleigh Sept 27 

Raleigh Sept 20 

Raleigh Sept 20 

Raleigh 8(«pt 20 

Raleigh Sept 20 

Raleigh Oct 6 

Raleigh Oct 10 

Raleigh Oct. 11 

Raleigh Oct 10 

Raleigh Oct 17 

Raleigh Oct 17 

Raleigh Oct 18 

Raleigh Oct 18 

Raleigh Oct 18 

Raleigh Oct. 18 

Raleigh Oct 18 

Rnlcigh Oct 20 

Knieigh Oct 20 

Raleigh Oct 20 

Kaleigh Oct 21 

Raleigh Oct 21 

Raleigh Oct 23 

Raleigh Oct 23 

Raleigh Oct 23 


1806 E. England. 

1805 William C. Smith. 

1806 Darius U. Starbuck. 

1866 S. S. Jackson. 

1806 Nereus Mendenhall. 

1806 Calvin H. Wiley. 

1806 Francis L. Hawks. 

1806 General Thomas H. Ruger. 

1806 J. J. Jackson. 

1806 N. H. D. Wilson. 

1806 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1866 Jackson. 

1866 J. C. Skeen. 

1866 . < Barsillai G. Worth. 

1806 William H. Oliver. 

1806 James A. Bryan. 

1806 Andrew Hunt. 

1806 Jesse Walker. 

1866 Spier Whitaker. 

1806 C. B. Mallett 

1806 Spier Whitaker. 

1866 B. Moffitt 

1806 George W. Bill. 

1805 William Clark. 

1805 Israel G. Lash. 

1806 Darius H. Starbuck. 

1805 r. J. Jackson. 

1806 George Makepeace. 

1806 J. J. Jackson. 

1806 Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 

1806 M. JarrelL 

1806 John Pool ft Lewis Thompson. 

1806 William W. Holden. 

1806 John Pool. 

1806 Beajamin S. Hedrick. 

1805 A. W. Ingold. 

1806 William W. Holden. 

1806 Allen M. Tomlinson. 

1805 The people of North Carolina. 

1805 Zebulon B. Vance. 

1805 E. M. Welborn. 

1805 Barsillai G. Worth. 

1805 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

1805 Francis E. Shober. 

1806 J. W. Payne. 

1806 P. R. Harden. 

1806 Thomas Branch ft Sons. 


North Carolina IIistobioal Commission. 

















Kalei^rh Kob. 


■ Nov. 

■ Nov. 

. Feb. 
. Feb. 
. Feb. 










John L. Brown. 


W. P. Piigb. 


D. Q. and J. A. Worth. 


D. Q. Worth. 

21, 1805. 

P. R. Harden. 


John M. Worth. 


Ck>l. Eliphalet Whittlesey. 



C. B. Dibble. 



Qcn. Tliomas H. Riiger. 


The |)eople of North Carolina 


C. C. Curtis. 


W. A. Caldwell and others. 


William A. Albright 


W. C. Benbow. 

9. 1800. 

R. J. Powell. 


0(M>rgo W. IiO|;an. 

0, 1800 . 

Malcolm Townscnd. 


C. B. Dibble. 

0, 1800. 

William W. HoUUmi. 

0, 1800 . 

Thomas Branch & Sons. 


Daniel R. Qoodloe. 


Hurgess S. Gaitlier. 


William A. Graham. 

17, 1800. 

Benjamin S. Hcdrick. 


Ciun. Thomas If. Kiigor. 


William Foy. 

20. 1800. 

Lewis Hanes. 


Gen. Thomas IL Riiger. 

30. 1800. 

Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

3. 1800. 

William J. Yates. 

5. 1800. 

Bedford Brown. 


Samuel H. Walkup. 


Thomas C. Fuller. 


Hugh Mi!Culloch. 


T. L. Russell. 


George Stronach. 


George W. Swepson. 


William Sloan. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


Nathan Stanton. 

16, 1800. 


Reverdy Johntion. 


A. M. Tonilinson k Sons. 

20. 1800. 

Scott Welborn. 

20, 1800. 

John Baxter. 






































. . .John M. Worth. 



...Swepson, Mendenhall & Co. 



. . . Andrew Johnson. 



. . . David L. Swain. 

March 16, 1866 

. . .Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

March 16,1866 

. . . E. Beckerdite. 

March 16,1866 

. . . E. J. Hale. 

March 16,1866 

. . . J. A. Parker Jordan. 



. . .Sinn If. Kngers. 

March 16,1866 

. . . David Lw Swain. 

March 17,1866 

. . .George R. Ricketts. 

March 20, 1866 

...W. J. T. Miller. 

March 20,1866 

. . .John Baxter. 

March 21,1866 

...Calvin H. Wiley. 

March 21,1866 

...Louis P. GrifTith. 

March 21,1866 

. . . Patrick H. Winston. 

March 22,1866 

. . . Nereus Mendenhall. 

Mtiich20. 1866 

. . .Henry C. Bulimy. 
. . . John H. Wheelc. 

March 20, 1866 

March 26,1866 

. . . Hugh McCulloch. 

March 26,1866 

. . .Sion H. Rogers. 

March 20, 1866 

...George W, Brooks. 

March 20, 1866 

...Nereus Mendenhall. 

March 31,1866 

...Robert R. Heath. 

March 31,1866 

...Calvin H. Wiley. 



. . .Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 



. . .Rol»ert R. Hcntli. 



. . .l>(Hintdas C. Edwards. 



. . .John A. Gilmer. 


4, 1866 

. . .Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 



. . .Charles R. Jones. 



. . .John Livingston. 



. . .Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 



. . .Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 


6, 1806 

. . .S. H. Helsebeck. 



. . . R. J. Powell. 



. . .Tod R. Caldwell. 


6, 1866 

. . .James R. Love. 



. . .Lewis Hanes. 



...Col. Eliplmlct Whittlesey. 



. . .Thomas L. Eckert. 



...Walter L. Steele. 



. . . Benjamin S. Hedrick. 



. . . J. J. Jackson. 



. . .J. J. Jackson. 



...Col. Eliphalet Whittlesey. 



. . . Zebu Ion B. Vance. 


NoBTH Oabolina Histobical Commission. 














John D. Whitford. 



Thomas M. Holt. 



John D. Whitford. 



Benjamin S. Hedrick. 



P. P. Mart. 



M. A. Jobe. 



Oen. Thomas H. Ruger. 



P. J. Connor. 



Stephen D. Pool. 



Atlas J. Dargan. 



W.H. Wheeler. 



Andrew Johnson. 



Beniamin S Hedrick 


. . . . , .WilliaTn R RiinhaTian 


Kerens Mendenhall. 



Nereus Mendenhall. 



Thomas L Veil 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 



John Pool. 



Benjamin S. Hedrick. 



John A. Qilmer. 



Zebulon B. Vance. 





John M. Morehead. 



Qen. Thomas H. Ruger. 



Andrew Johnson. 



James IT. Everett. 



Mrs. Ebenezer Emmons. 



Josiah Turner, Jr. 



H Alfred G. Foster. 



Benjamin S. Hedrick. 



Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


30, 1866 . . 

Joseph A. Worth. 


30, 1800 . . 

Mrs. J. J. Blankard. 



Benjamin S. Hedrick. 



Patrick H. Winston. 



^William F. Cruigc. 


4, 1800 . . 

David Cobb. 



William H. Seward. 



R. J. Powell. 



P. Murphey. 



William H. Worth. 


Lewis ITanes. 



D. Mallard. 



Thomas S. Kenan. 



John Pool. 



B. S. Hedrick. 




Baleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Kaleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Hiiloigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Rnleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Jlaleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh .. : May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Rnleigh May 

Raleigh May 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh Juno 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 


7, 1806 Dawson A. Walker. 

9, 1866 Edwin M. SUnton. 

12,1806 Walter A. Thompson. 

12, 1866 S. L. Fremont 

12, 1806 William A. Graham. 

14,1866 Hamilton G. Jones. 

14, 1866 D. Mallard. 

14, 1866 John H. Wheeler. 

14,1860 R. J. Powell. 

14, 1806 Benjamin 8. Uedrick. 

14, 1866 C. G. Henderson. 

16, 1866 Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 

16, 1866 William Murphy. 

16, 1806 J. W. Osborne. 

17, 1866 J. H. Jackson. 

17, 1866 W. L. KUtler. 

18, 1806 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

18, 1866 Clmrles F. Haigh. 

10, 1866 George G. Round. 

10, 1866. Zebulon B. Vance. 

21,1866. Asa Biggs. 

22, 1866 Andrew Hunt. 

22, 1866 J. G. Bain. 

22, 1800 Andrew Johnson. 

22, 1800 L. 8. Gash. 

23, 1806 Andrew Johnson. 

28, 1800 Alexander IT. Jones. 

30, 1800 Robert Bingham. 

2, 1800 Augustus 8. Merrimon. 

4, 1806 J. J. D. Lewis. 

0, 1800 Andrew Johnson. 

' 0, 1800 Andrew Johnson. 

0, 1866 George W. Brooks. 

0, 1866 Hugh McGulloch. 

13, 1866 People of North Garolina. 

13, 1866 Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 

13, 1866 James L. Orr. 

18,1866 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

13, 1866 Hugh McGulloch. 


16, 1866 J. M. Goffin. 

16, 1866. Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

17, 1866 Zebulon B. Vance. 

18, 1866 William H. 8eward. 

18, 1866 Hugh McGulloch. 

18, 1866 Hugh McGulloch. 

18, 1866 Hugh McGulloch. 


North Oabolina Historical Commission. 


Raleigh June 10 

Kaleigh June 10 

Baleigk June 10 

Baleigh June 20 

Raleigh . -. June 20 

Raleigh June 20 

Raleigh June 21 

Raleigh June 21 

Raleigh June 21 

Raleigh June 21 

Raleigh June 23 

Raleigh June 23 

Raleigh June 23 

Raleigh ..: June 25 

Raleigh June 27 

Raleigh June 27 

Raleigh June 28 

Raleigh June 28 

Raleigh June 20 

Raleigh June 20 

Raleigh June 20 

Raleigh June 20 

Raleigh June 30 

Raleigh July . 

Raleigh July 4 

Raleigh July 6 

Raleigh July 6 

Raleigh July 5 

Raleigh July 6 

Raleigh July G 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 6 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 7 

Raleigh July 

Ralcigli fuly 10 

Uult'igh July 10 

Raleigh July 11 

Raleigh July 11 

Raleigh July 11 

Raleigh July 11 

Raleigh July 11 

Ru)i*igh fuly 11 

Raleigh July 13 

Raleigh July 13 

Raleigh July 21 

Raleigh July 21 


1800 James G. Ramsey. 

1800 John M. Morehead. 

1800 James L. Orr. 

1800 B. S. Guion. 

1800 Alex. M. Davis. 

1800 Augustus 8. Merrimon. 

1800 James M. Leach. 

1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

1800 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

1800 Eugene Griffin. 

1800 W. W. Land. 

1800 Josiah Turner, Jr. 

1800 Lewis Hanes. 

1800 H. G. Daniels. 

1800 D. A. Davis. 

1800 Hugh McCulloch. 

1800 R. F. Lehman. 

1800 b\ A. Fuller. 

1800 Darius H. Starbuck. 

1800 John M. Morehead. 

1800 C. C. Clark. 

1800 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

1800 Patrick H. Winston. 

1800 William H. 8eward. 

1800 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

1800 Dennis D. Fercl>oe. 

1800 James P. Foster. 

1800 Lewis Hanes. 

1800 J. M. Coffin. 

1800 James Wrenn. 

1800 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

1800 Gen. J. C. Robinson. 

1800 W. T. Faircloth. 

1800 Hugh McCulloch. 

1800 Tyre York. 

1800 Andrew JoIiiihoh. 

1800 L. S. Gash. 

1800 M. F. Arendell. 

1880 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

1800 Fred Gamer. 

1800 J. M. Perry. 

1880 A. E. Rhodes. 

1800 Hugh McCulUli. 

1800 T^wis Hanes. 

1800 James A. Egcrstonc. 

1800 Thomas Webb. 

1880 R. L. Abernethy. 




Raleigh July 

Rfileigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Rnlrigh July 

Rfilctgh , July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

llnlcigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Rnleigh Auf;. 

Halcigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

I{n1«*i|;h Aug. 

Rnlrigh Aug. 

Raleigh Septw 

Raleigh Sept. 

Raleigh Sept. 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept. 

Rnlrigh Sept* 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept. 

ISalcigh Sept. 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 




. . A. E. KhodcB. 


. . Hugh McCulloch. 


. . J. E, Lee. 


. . J. W. Alspaugh. 


. . Mrs. Joseph S. Jones and others 


. . Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


. . Zebulon B. Vance. 


. . Hirhmond M. Pearson. 


. . David F. Caldwell. 


. .James Wrenn. 


. . J. J. Jackson. 


. . Patrick H. Winston. 


..David F. Caldwell. 


. . Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


. . J. J. Jackson. 


. . J. A. Butner. 


. . William A. Allen. 


..David F. Caldwell. 


. . James M. McGowan. 


. . Banjamin S. Hedrick. 


..David S. Caldwell. 


. . Thomas C. Fuller. 


. . R. Piermont 


. . P. C. Holmes. 


. . L. L. Clements. 


. . J. M. Whitehurst. 


..David G. Worth. 


. . Allen Jordan. 


. .Atlas J. Dargan. 


. . Sion H. Rogers. 


. . Nereus Mendenhall. 


. . Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


. . C. B. Dcnson. 


. . 11. K. (yolston. 


. . Nereus Mendenhall. 


. . Joseph R. Jones. 


. . John A. Gilmer. 


. . James P. Foster. 


. . Marshall Parks. 


. . J. J. Crawford. 


. . David G. Worth. 


. . James S. Pledge. 


. . Allen M. Tomlinson. 


. . David F. Caldwell. 


. . Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


. . Jesse Wheeler. 


. . John A. Gilmer. 


NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 


Balcigh Septj. 

Baleigh fcJept 

Raleigh Sept. 

Ruleigli Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sopt 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sq>t 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept. 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh S«pt. 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct. 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

lUleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct. 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Otet 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct. 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Out 

Raleigh Ott 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Ocij. 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Nov. 



10, 1866. 

.Nereus Mendenhall. 


Editor of Greensboro Patriot 


John A. Qilmer. 


Joseph D. Simmons. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


Allen M. Tomlinson. 


James G. Ramsey. 


A. V. Sullivan. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


William J. Wilson. 


Henry T. Clark. 


C. C. Clar^. 


Judge David F. Caldwell. 

22, 1866. 

C. S. Winstead. 


W. L. Springs. 


J. B. Marler. 


R. Y. McAden. 


S. K. Jackson. 

2U, 1866.. 

....... Darius H. Starbuck. 


C«ol. John V. Bomford. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


Charles C. Clark. 

2, 1866 . . 

Nereus Mendenhall. 


• Drake A Sons. 

4, 1866. . 

J. T. Leach. 

4, 1866.. 

>...... K!dit.orB "Nfational IfitBlliaenoor. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


Worth A, Daniel. 


T. D. Brison. 


Patrick H. Winston. 


Marshall Parks. 


James G. Ramsey. 


J. Keener. 


S. S. Jackson. 

10, 1866. 

Henry M. Earle. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 


J. M. Parrott 

17^ 1866. 

J. W. Hinks k Co. 


A. Miller. 


Gabriel J. Rains. 


Daniel L. Russell. 

20, 1866. 

James Kyle. 


James Hay. 


Daniel L. Russell. 


Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

20, 1866. 

Benjamin S. Hedrick. 




Raleigh Nov. 

Kaleigh Dec. 

Raleigh Dec. 

lUdeigh Dec. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Paleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jon. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

KaIHgh Jim. 

Kalnigh tliin. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh .Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Kalctgh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Ra1<%igh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 


27. 1866 James L. Orr. 

6, 1866 Edwin Q. Reade. 

13, 1866 James L. Orr. 

29, 1866 Nathaniel Boyden. 

1. 1867 Nathaniel Boyden. 

2, 1867 Peter Allen. 

3, 1867 William A. Graham. 

3, 1867 Samuel A. Harris. 

3. 1867 Kdward J. Warren. 

3,1867 Miss M. A. Buie. 

3, 1867 Duncan, Navaro & Co. 

4,1867 L. W. Gilbert. 

4, 1867 Robert Newman. 

4, 1867 Robert Newman. 

6,1867 C. B. Dibble. 

5, 1867 H. B. Satterthwaite. 

5, 1867 A. C. Cowles. 

5, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick« 

6,1867 David L. Swain. 

6, 1867 Walter F. Leak. 

5, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

6, 1867 M. G. Johnson. 

7, 1867 Thomas RufDn. 

7, 1867 William A. Graham. 

7, 1867 John A. Gilmer. 

8, 1867 Lewis Hanes. 

^t 1867 Hc<1ford Brown and James M. Leach. 

)l» I8(t7 Bedford Brown and James M. Leach. 

10, 1867 Nereus Mendenhall. 

12.1867 Bedford Brown and others. 

12. 1867 George Howard. 

12, 1867 William T. Fairdoth. 

13, 1867 Walter F. I^k. 

13, 1867 Kdilors Wilmington Journal 

13, 1867 Charles C. Clark. 

16, 1867. ....... Lydia Maxwell. 

18, 1867 Nathaniel Boyden. 

19, 1867 Joseph A. Englehard. 

19, 1867 Thomas Ruffin. 

19,1867 A. W. Ingold. 

19. 1867 Ilcarnc & Biggs. 

22, 1867 W. L. Springs. 

23, 1867 William J. Yates. 

29, 1867 James M. Leach. 

30, 1867 Nathaniel Boyden and Lewis Hanes. 

9, 1867 David F. Caldwell. 

12, 1867 Edward Bright. 



KoBTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 


Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raloigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mnr. 

Raloigh Mar. 

Raloigh Mar. 

Raloigh Mur. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Afar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 


12, 1867 Robert Newman. 

12, 1867 John Kerr. 

12, 1867 Hoarnc & liiggs 

14, 1867 Colonel Berry. 

16, 1867 IWward Bright. 

16, 1867 Daniel L. Russell. 

16, 1867 John A. Gilmer. 

16, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

21, 1867 James L. Orr. 

22, 1867 PavKona. 

22, 1867 James L. Orr. 

22. 1807 VurhoiiH. 

26, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

27, 1867 Oscar G. Parsley & Co. 

28, 1867 Daniel Freeman. 

28.1867 U L. Polk. 

2, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

2,1867 ti. M. Hamlin. 

a, 1807 David L. Swain. 

3,1807 Thomas Riillin. 

6,1807 W. Whi taker. 

6, 1867 John M. Worth. 

6, 1867 Jesse Walker. 

0,1867 Barzillai G. Worth. 

7, 1867 Worth & Daniel. 

8, 1867 John Berry. 

8, 1867 Col. John V. Bomford. 

20, 1807 William Wright. 

22, 1807 R. C. Lindsay. 

23, 1807 Col. S. T. Wilder. 

23, 1867 James T. Morehead. 

23, 1867 Thomas RufHn. 

28, 1867 Mrs. R. C. Pritehard. 

28. 1807 R. M. Stafford. 

28. 1807 Sharkey. 

28, 1887 Parsons. 

20,1807 Thomas Kiillm. 

20, 1867 Andrew Johnson. 

2,1867 Landy Wood. 

2, 1867 George V. Strong. 

18. 1867 Clinton A. Cilley. 

19, 1867 George V. Strong. 

20,1867 Zebulon B. Vance. 

27. 1867 David G. Worth. 

29. 1867 Walter F. Leak. 

30. 1807 Ilcnry T. Clark. 

30. 1867...,t...Z. F. Rush. 









Kaleigh , 

Raleigh , 


Rnlcigh , 


























'a leigh 




{aleigh ; 




{alei;;li , 

kaleigh June 

Raleigh ^June 

Raloigh June 

Raleigh June 









. May 
. June 
. June 
. June 


30, 186'' H. J. Harris. 

2,1867 H. H. Helper. 

2, 1867 Thomas S. Kenan. 

2, 1867 Luke Blackmer. 

3, 1867 James L. Orr. 

6, 1867 J. H. Osborne. 

6, 1867 David F. Caldwell. 

7,1867 M. Kclsey. 

7,1867 Major Worth. 

8,1867 His brother. 

8, 1867 J. J. Jackson. 

0, 1867 Henry T. Clark. 

11, 1867 George Howard. 

16, 1867 Allen M. Tomlinson. 

16, 1867 Burgess S. Gaither. 

16, 1867 Clinton A. Cilley. 

18, 1867 Plato Durham. 

18, 1867 Gen. Nelson A. Miles. 

18, 1867 J. G. Spencer. 

20, 1867 Thomas Settle. 

21,1867 A. S. McNeill. 

21, 1867 Samuel A. Williams. 

22,1867 M. McRae. 

22, 1807 Gen. Daniel E. Sickles. 

22, 1867 Jesse Warden. 

22, 1867 Robert Strange. 

24,1867 J. R. Bulla. 

24, 1807 R. C. Holmes. 

24,1867 E. Hubb. 

24, 1867 Horace R. Chappell. 

26, 1867 Gen. Nelson A. Miles. 

25, 1807 William Clark. 

26, 1867 Thomas C. Fuller. 

27, 1867 Luke Blackmer. 

28, 1867 David F. Caldwell. 

28, 1867 Gen. Daniel E. Sickles. 

29, 1867 Gen. Daniel E. Sickles. 

8. 1867 David F. Caldwell. 

9, 1867 Col. W. G. Moore. 

12. 1867 F. B. Sattcrtbwaitc. 

12.1867 r. M. Pnrrott. 

12. 1867 J. R. Mendenhall. 

12, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

13, 1867 H. H. Helper. 

14, 1867 John R. tolar. 

14, 1867 Thomas Ruffin. 

22, 1867 Col. John V. Bomford. 


NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 


Raleigh June 

lUleigh June 

Raleigh Juno 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh June 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

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Raleigh July 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 


24, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

26, 1807 Joaiah Turner. Jr. 

28, 1807 liarzillai G. Worth. 

29,1867 Tyre York. 

20,1807 Mills L. Eure. 

, 1. 1867 R. B. Paschal. 

' 1,; 1867 John Williams. 

3, 1867 Nathaniel Boyden. 

3, 1867 Robert Strange. 

7. 1867 Robert P. Dick. 

8, 1807 Uunjamin S. Hedrick. 

8, 1807 Benjamin S. Ucdrick. 

9, 1867 Oen. Daniel £. Sickles. 

9, 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

9, 1867 Lewis J. Quinn. 

. ., 1867 P. T. Henry. 

11, 1807 Gen. Daniel E. Sickles. 

11, 1807 1'ustmustor, Pigeon River. 

12, 1867 Patrick H. Winston. 

22, 1867| William IT. Seward. 

22, 1867 James L. Orr. 

25, 1867 John Baxter. 

26, 1867 A. G. Haley. 

27, 1867 William A. Graham. 

1, 1807 Augustus S. Merrimon. 

1. 1867 William P. Bynum. 

1, 1867 James T. Morchead. 

2. 1867 William T. Faircloth. 

4. 1867 William Kelso. 

4, 1867 J. M. Parrott. 

6, 1867 William B. Harkness. 

5, 1867 liowis J. Quinn. 

7, 1867 D. Rumley. 

7, 1867 Thomas S. Ashe. 

7, 1867 William A. Wright. 

8, 1807 William P. Bynum. 

13, 1807 Mark E. Lawrence. 

13, 1867 James M. Sprunt. 

13, 1867 Gen. Daniel E. Sickles. 

14, 1867 Robert B. Gilliam. 

17,1867 G. M. Griffin. 

17, 1867 Josiah Turner, Jr. 

19, 1867 John C. Wood. 

19, 1867 G. F. Lewis. 

21, 1867 K. J. Hale & Sons. 

23, 1867 E. M. Gibson. 

24. 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 




Kaleigh Aug. 

Kaleigh Aug. 

Baleigh Aug. 

Kaleigh Aug. 

Kaleigh ^ Sept 

Raleigh Sept. 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Rnlvigh Sept 

Kaleigh Sept 

Raleigh Sept 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Kaleigh .Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Obt 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct. 

Kaleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Ocl^ 

Knlriffh Oct 

Kaleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Not. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Kaleigh Nov. 

Knleigh Nov. 

Kaleigh Nov. 

Kaleigh ! . . |)cc. 

Kaleigh Dec. 

Kaleigh Dec. 

Kaleigh Dec. 

Kaleigh '. .Dec. 

Kaleigh Dec. 


24,1807 W. H. King. 

24, 1867 Henry T. Qark. 

24, 1867 0. D. Cooke. 

26, 1867 Simon Barn^. 

9, 1867 W. H. McKae. 

9, 1867 0. D. Cooke. 

23, 1867 Henry T. Clark. 

26. 1867 Oliver P. Meares. 

26, 1807 Allen M. Tomlinson. 

28, 1807 Thomas Stephenson. 

28, 1867 David P. Caldwell. 

2, 1867 James F. Giles. 

2,1867 B. Higgins. 

17, 1867 P. T. Massey. 

17. 1867 Calvin H. Wiley. 

21, 1867 A. S. Kemp. 

22, 1867 Thomas Settle. 

24, 1867 Andrew Johnson. 

24, 1867 David O. Worth. 

25, 1867 Andrew Johnson. 

26,1867 J. W. Purdie. 

26, 1867 Barzillai G. Worth. 

26,1867 J. C. Pass. 

20. 1867 William Clark. 

28, 1867 William A. Graham. 

29, 1807 James W. Osborne. 

31. 1807 lohn IT. Wlioolcr. 

2,1807 Henry T. Clark. 

2, 1807. John W. Haughton. 

3, 1807 Zebulon B. Vance. 

6, 1867 J. M. Coffin. 

8, 1867 R. Y. McAden. 

8, 1807 Gen. Kdwin R. S. Canby. 

21, 1807 fohn M. Worth. 

21. 1807 Joshua Boner. 

22, 1807 J. M. Parrott 

23, 1807 James H. Lea. 

26, 1807 Calvin H. Wiley. 

27, 1807 R. C. Holmes. 

27, 1807 Gen. Edwin K. S. Canby. 

27, 1807 Ralph P. Buxton. 

4,1807 Thomas J. Wilson and others. 

13, 1807 Robert P. Dick. 

14, 1807 Cyrus P. Mendenhall and others. 

14, 1807 John McKay. 

16. 1807 John A. Gilmer. 

10, 1807 Duncan G. McKae. 


NoETH Oabolina Histobical Commission. 


Raleigh Dec. 16 

Baleigh Dec. 18 

Raleigh Dec. 18 

Raleigh Dec. 10 

Raleigh Dec. 2G 

Raleigh Dec. 26 

Raleigh Dec. 28 

Raleigh Deo. 30 

Raleigh Dec. 31 

Raleigh Dec. 31 

Raleigh Dec. 31 

Raleigh Dec. 31 

Raleigh Jan. 1 

Raleigh Jan. 1 

Raleigh Jan. 2 

Raleigh Jan. 2 

Raleigh Jan. 3 

Raleigh .Jan. 4 

Ralvigh Jan. 4 

Raleigh , . .Jan. 

Ualcigh Jan. 6 

Raleigh Jan. 6 

Raleigh Jan. 6 

Raleigh Jan. 6 

Raleigh Jan. 6 

Raleigh Jan. 7 

Raleigh Jan. 7 

Raleigh Jan. 7 

Raleigh Jan. 7 

Raleigh Jan. 8^ 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 10, 

Raleigh Jan. 10, 

Raleigh Jan. 12 

Raleigh Jan. 13 

Unleigh Ian. 14 

Ualuigh Jan. 15 

Raleigh Jan. 16 

Raleigh Jan. 16 

lialeigh Jan. 16 

Raleigh Jan. 17 

Raleigh Jan. 18 

Raleigh Jan. 22 

Raleigh Jan. 23 

Raleigh Jan. 24 

Raleigh Jan. 24 

Raleigh Jan. 24 


1867 ('hairman County Court of Jonea. 

1867 Philpot. 

1867 Thomas Wilcox. 

1867 Thomas H. Gilliam. 

1867 Ocuoral Tyler. 

1867 BarzilUi G. Worth. 

1867 William Clark. 

1867 Josiah Turner, Jr. 

1867 ..J. W.Martin. 

1867 Col. W. G. Moore. 

1867 Andrew Johnson. 

1867 David L. Swain. 

1868 John Kerr. 

1868 Commander, Post of New Bern. 


1868 Bryan Tyson. 

1868 Jenkins. 

1868 Col. W. (3. MiMiio. 

1868 Thoiiias J. Wilson. 

1808 Thomas S. Aslio. 

1868 William A. Wright. 

1868 Robert H. Cowan. 

1868 David F. Caldwell and others. 

1868 William Eaton. 

1868 John Kerr. 

1868 Jesse G. Shepherd. 

1868 Henry Joyner. 

1868 Giles Mebane. 

1868 £. A. Jones. 

1868 Bonjamin 8. ITedrick. 

1868 Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 

1868 G. B. Paulson. 

1868 William A. Graham. 

1868 J. B. Whitaker. 

1868 William T. Faircloth. 

1808 Calvin IT. Wiley. 

1868 Richmoud M. Pearson. 

1868 William B. Wright. 

1808 Andrew Johnson. 

1868 Andrew Johnson. 

1868 David G. Worth. 

1868 Barzillai G. Worth. 

1868 David Eaton. 

1868 David Eaton. 

1868 George Makepeace. 

1868 John M. Worth. 

1868 Matthias E. Manly. 




Bideigh Jan. 

Kftleigh Jan. 

Kalcigli Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Rnloigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Rnlcigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

lUleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Kaleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Kaleigh Mnr. 

Raleigh Mar. 

Raleigh April 

Kaleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 


20, 1868 Kemp P. Battle. 

28 J 868 Charles C. Clark. 

20» 1808 David F. Caldwell. 

30, 1808 John D. Whitford. 

2. 1808 Clinton A. Cilley. 

2, 1808. Samuel R. Bunting. 

3, 1808 Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 

3, 1808 Calvin H. Wiley. 

7, 1808 Rnrxillai G. Worth. 

10, 1808 Kdward Cantwell. 

10, 1808 J. J. Jackson. 

13, 1808 .Clinton A. Cilley. 

13, 1808 William A. Wright. 

13, 1888 David Heaton. 

14, 1808. Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 

14, 1808 Charles A. Eldridge. 

10, 1808 William Clark. 

10, 1808 Benjajmin S. Hedrick. 

10, 1808 Rory McNair. 

10, 1808 Jones B. Levy. 

17, 1808 William M. Shipp. 

18, 1808 Joel Lucas. 

18, 1808 Robert H. Cowan. 

21, 1808 Barsillai G. Worth. 

24, 1808 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

24, 1808 Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 

25, 1808 Tohn M. Morehead. 

25, 1808 losiah Turner, Jr. 

27, 1808 William A. Graham. 

2, 1808 Zebulon B. Vance. 

8, 1808 Josiah Turner, Jr. 

0, 1808 Augustus S. Merrimon. 

10, 1808 Kdward J. Warren. 

10, 1808 William A. Graham. 

22, 1808 A. C. Worth. 

22, 1808 Dennis Heartt. 

25, 1808 James Rush. 

25, 1808 Zebulon B. Vance. 

20, 1808 Col. John V. Bomford. 

20, 1808 A. D. Kemp. 

27, 1808 George Laws. 

30, 1808 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

4, 1808 Benjamin Lavender. 

4, 1808 John McCormick. 

5, 1808 Sion H. Rogers. 

5, 1808 Gains Winningham. 


North Oabot.ina Histobioat. Commission. 






















, A])ril 
. June 


8. 1808 Col. W. G. Moore. 

0, 1868 8. S. Jackson. 

11, 1808 Allen M. Toinlin8on & Sons. 

13, 1808 Solomon Moss. 

13, 1808 William Clark. 

21, 1808........ C B. Mallctt. 

1, 1868 Col. John V. Bomford. 

1, 1868 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

2, 1868 M. E. Showman. 

2, 1868 James G. Ramsey. 

4, 1868 S. S. Jackson. 

4, 1808 Nathaniel Boyden. 

5, 1808 William J. Yates. 

0, 1808 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

0.1808 C. B. Mallett. 

8, 1808 Daniel R. Goodloe. 

11, 1808 James R. Doolittle. 

11,1808 Editors National Intelligencer, 

11. 1808 Bonjamin S. Hedrick. 

14, 1808 Editors New York World, 

15, 18(i8 James T. Moroliciid. 

17, 1808 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

20, 1808 H. J. Harris. 

22, 1808 C. K. Lenow. 

22, 1808 S. S. Jackson. 

22.1808 Dr. J. Jackson, t 

22. 1808 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

20.1808 William P. Fessenden. 

20, 1808 David G. Worth. 

20, 1808 C. K. Lenow. 

1, 1808 W. L. Springs. 

2, 1808 Iksnjamin S. Hudiiek. 

3. 1800 Joshua L. Lee. 

5, 1808 Andrew Johnson. 

10.1808 C. B. Mallett. 

12.1808 B. W. Ivos. 

15. 1808 Charles A. lOldridgc. 

15. 1808 .Addison Collin. 

10. 1888 William A. Graham. 

18.1808 C. B. Mallett. * 

22. 1808 Edward Conigland. 

30, 1808 H. G. Leisering. 

2, 1808 Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 

4, 1808. J. r. Andrews. 

13, 1808 John Baxter. 

13, 1808 Frank B. Goddard. 

10, 1808 William M. Bobbins. 

_ ■ 




Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh July 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Aug. 

Raleigh Sept. 

Raleigh Oct. 

Raleigh Oct. 

Raleigh Oct 

Raleigh Not. 

Raleigh Nov. 

Raleigh JX*c. 

Raleigh Jmi. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Kaleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Rnlrifvh Jan. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Tnn. 

Rnleigh fun. 

Raleigh Jan. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

llalcigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Kaleigh Feb. 

Raleigh Feb. 

Raleigh April 

Raleigh April 

Ilaleigh May 




• . 8. S. Ashley. 


. . William W. Holden. 

10. 1S08 

..Col. W. 0. Moore. 


. . M. A. Jobe. 


. . Calvin Graves. 

28. 1S08 

. . William W. Holden. 


..William W. Holden. 


. .Josiah Turner, Jr. 


..Augustus S. Mcrrimon. 

24. 1808 

■ . MoutiFomcrv Blair. 


• • 


. . William Clark. 


. . 1-ewis W. Worth. 


. . A. C. Cowles. 

11. 1808 

. . C. B. Dibble 


. .A. L. McLean. 


. .John M. Worth. 


. . 11. G. Leisering. 


..William A. Graham. 


..George W. Rose. 


..William Clark. 


..Fred Wolsroth. 


..Barzillai G. Worth. 


. .Lewis Hanes. 


. .Kngclhard & Price. 


. .John Pool. 

25, 1800 

. . Perrin Busbte. 


. .lOngolliard k Price. 


. .Fngelhard ft Price. 


..Editors Wilmington Journal 


> . 


. .£. B. Drake. 


. .Josiah Turner, Jr. 


. .K B. Drake. 


. .Thomas Wilcox. 


..John Pool. 

20. 1809 

. .Josiah Turner .Tr 


. . K. B. Drake. 

Letters Written to Jonathan Worth Here Printed. 


Jowa City, la Feb. 

Salisbury, N. C April 

Salisbury, N. C April 


CSoleraine, N. C Mar. 

High Point, N. C Oct. 

Asheboro, N. C Nov. 

Asheboro, N. C Nov. 

Mill Grove, N. C Nov. 

Asheboro, N. C Nov. 


Cane Creek, N. C Nov. 

Pittsboro, N. C Nov. 

V/ilmington, N. C Dec. 

Asheboro, N. C Dec. 


High Point, N. C Dec. 

New Market, N. C Dec. 


Fayetteville, N. C Dec. 

Kaleigh, N. C Dec. 

Wilmington, N. C Dec. 

Cane Creek, N. C Dec. 

Fayetteville, N. C Dec. 

Wilmington, N. C Dec. 

Chesterfield Co., Va Dec. 

J^andolph Co., N. C Dec. 

Eden, N. O. Dec. 

Wilmington, N. C Deo. 

Reed Creek, N. C Dec. 

Raleigh, N. C Jan. 

Bayetteville, N. C Jan. 

Asheboro, N. C Jan. 

Fayetteville, N. C Tan. 

Wilmington, N. C Jan. 

Wilmington, N. C Jan. 

Wilmington, N. C May 

Wilmington, N. C June 

Jamestown, N. C June 


WIliTiington, N. C S^^it. 

Fayetteville, N. C St'pt. 

Asheboro, N. C CVt. 


25, 1841 ! Stephen B. Gardner. 

8, 1841 Charles Fisher. 

17. 1841 Samuel Silliman. 

0, 1861 Thomas Macon. 

24,1862 John Pool. 

27, 1862 M. A. Alston. 

5, 1862 S. S. Jackson. 

10, 1862 S. S. Jackson. 

20, 1862 David G. Worth. 

21, 1862 S. S. Jackson. 

27, 1862 R. H. Battle and others. 

28, 1862 Wyatt G. Jordan. 

30, 1862 J. J. Jackson. 

1, 1862 David G. Worth. 

2, 1862 H. C. Lane. 

2,1862 Kiley Hill. 

4, 1862 Nathan Huut, Jr. 

6, 1862 Joseph Newlin. 

12, 1862 Muriah Francks. 

8, 1862 Joseph A. Worth. 

9, 1862 George W. Mordecai. 

0, 1862 Barzillai G. Worth. 

10, 1862 Wyatt G. Jordan. 

10,1862 J. D. Worth. 

11, 1862 Barzillai G. Worth. 

11, 1862 John Prcsnell and William W. 


11, 1862 W. H. Lineberry. 

20, 1862 Allen Skeen. 

25, 1862 Shubal G. Worth. 

30, 1862 , .Isaac H. Foust. 

1, 1863 Joseph D. Hinton. 

. ., 1863 Barzillai G. Worth. 

11, 1863 S. 8. Jackson. 

23, 1863 Joseph A. W«)i-ili. 

24, 1863 David G. Worth. 

27, 1863 John M. Worth. 

16,1863 John M. Worth. 

11, 1863 .Shubal G. Worth. 

11, 1863 D. E. Mendenhall. 

17, 1863 Ncre Cox and others. 

23. 1863 Worth & Daniel. 

26, 1863 Joseph A. Worth. 

3,1863 S. 8. Jackson. 





Aslicboro, N. C Oct. 

Wilmington, N. C Oct 

FaynUcvillo, N. C Nov. 

Wilmington, N. C Mar. 

Asheboro, N. G Feb. 

Hillsboro, N. C Feb. 

ABheboro, N. C Feb. 

Asheboro, N. C Feb. 

Wilmlnpton, N. C Feb. 

Asheboro, N. C. Feb. 

Atheboro, N. Feb. 

Asbeboro, N. C Feb. 

Clemmonsville, N. C Feb. 

Wilmington, N. C Feb. 

Asheboro, N. C Feb. 

Aslieboro, N.* C Feb. 

PitUboro, N. C Feb. 

Asbrlmro, N. C Feb. 

Kml Crwk, N. C Mar. 

Aslicboro, N. C Mar. 

Asbeboro, N. C Mar. 

Asheboro, N. G Mar. 

Pittsboro, N. G Mar. 

Asheboro, N. G Mar. 

Raleigh, N. Nov. 

Wilkesboro, N. Jan. 

Washington, D. G Inn. 

Uillsboro, N. G Jan. 

Washington, D. G Jan. 

Washington, D. G Jan. 

Greensboro, N. G Jan. 

Washington, D. G Jan. 

Salem, N. G Jan. 

Salem, K. G Tan. 

Morganton, N. G Jan. 

Washington, D. G Jan. 

Washington, D. G Jan. 

Hillsboro, N. G Jan. 

Washington, D. G Jan. 

Greonsboro, N. G Jan. 

Arorrhoad GIty, N. C Inn. 

Bush Hill, N. G Mar. 

Windsor, N. G Mar. 

Greensboro, N. G Mar. 

New Garden, N. Mar. 

Bath, N. G May 

Wilmington, N. G May 



. . S. S. Jackson. 


..Worth & Daniel. 


. . Barsillai G. Worth. 


..David G. Worth. 


. . 8. S. Jackson. 


. . W. H. Foust. 


. . Benjamin Moffitt. 


..I. H. Brown. 


..Worth & Go. 


. . S. S. Jackson. 


..John M. Worth. 


. .John M. Worth. 


. . Lewis Hanes. 


..David G. Wortli. 


. . 8. S. Jackson. 


. . S. S. Jackson. 


. .J. J. Jackson. 


..John M. Worth. 


• 9 


. . 8. 8. Jackson. 


..John M. Worth. 


..John M. Worth. 


. .J. J. Jackson. 


. . 8. 8. Jackson. 


..Joseph L. Gannon. 


..C. Pylic. 


. . Benjamin 8. Ilcdrick. 


..Josiah Turner, Jr. 


. . i3enjamin 8. Hedrick. 


. . Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 


..David F. Galdwell. 


. . Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 


. . Darius H. Starbuck. 


. . Darius H. Starbuck. 


..Burgess 8. Gaither. 


. . Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 


..Benjamin 8. Hedrick 


. . William A. Graham. 


..Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 


. . David F. Galdwell. 


. . George Stronach. 


..Allen M. Tomlinson. 


. . Patrick H. Winston. 


..Galvin H. Wiley. 


. . Nereus Mendenhall. 


. . Daniel M. Bar ringer. 


. . 8. L. Fremont. 


North Oabouna Histobioal Commission. 


Davidson College, N. C May 

Washington, D. C June 

Ashcville, N. C June 

Washington, D. G June 

Asheville, N. C June 

Washington, D. G June 

Greensboro, N. G June 

Salisbury, N. G June 

Salisbury, N. G June 

Washington, D. G June 

Fayetteville, N. C June 

Washington, D. G Juno 

Washington, D. G June 

Washington, D. G June 

Trap Hill, N. G June 

Washington, D. G .fune 

Washington, D. G June 

Hillsboro, N. G Juno 

Ruleigh, N. G Juno 

Washington, D. G Juno 

New Ikrn, N. G Juno 

Washington, D. G June 

Greensboro, N. G June 


Ivittrells, N. G June 

Kittrells, N. G June 

Lewisville, K. G June 

Washington, D. G July 

New Bern, N. G July 

Hillsboro, N. G July 

Washington, D. G July 

Washington, D. G July 

Patterson, N. G July 

Troy's Store, N. G July 

Washington, D. G July 

Washington, D. G July 

ATordicad Gity, N. G July 

Randolph Gounty July 

Tarboro, N. G July 

StatesvUle, N. G July 

Greensboro, N. G July 

Washington, D. G Aug. 

Lincolnton, N. G Aug. 

Wasliington, D. G Aug. 

Hamilton, N. G. . . , Aug. 

New Bern, N. G Aug. 

Greensboro, N. G Aug. 


14, 1800 J. S. Kirkpatrick and others. 

1, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

7, 1800 Augustus S. Merrimon. 

7, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

8, 1800 A. Goleman. 

10, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

12, 1800 Zebulon B. Vance. 

13, 1800 Judge David S. Caldwell. 

13, 1800 J. M. Coffin. 

13, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

14, 1800 Joseph A. Worth. 

14, 1800 Benjamin S. llcdrick. 

15, 1800 Benjamin 8. Ucdrick. 

10, 1800 James ML Leach. 

10.1800 Tyre York. 

17, 1800 James M. Leach. 

20, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

20, 1800 Josiah Turner, Jr. 

21, 1800 ilollund & Wilder. 

22, 1800 Boujnuiin 8. Hedrick. 

23, 1800 David Hoaton. 

20, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

20, 1800 John A. Gilmer. 

27,1800 N. G. Daniel. 

20, 1800 Patrick II. Winston, Jr. 

20, 1800 Patrick H. Winston, Jr. 

30,1800 W. B. Stipe. 

1, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

3, 1800 Charles C. Clark. 

6, 1800 Tosiah Turner, Jr. 

8, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

8, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

10, 1800 Kufus L. Patterson. 

14,1800 J C. Bain. 

14.1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

23, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

20, 1800 A. K Bhodcs. 

28,1800 Miles Lamb. 

30, 1800 George Howard. 

31, 1800 W. T. Caldwell. 

31, 1800 David F. Caldwell. 

1, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

3, 1800 William P. Bynum. 

3, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

0, 1800 L. L. Clements and J. Peace. 

0, 1800 Council Wuotcn. 

0, 1800 David F. Caldwell. 




Asheboro, N. G Aug. 

Waflhington, D. C Aug. 

Raleigh. N. C Aug. 

Tarboro, N. C Aug. 

Raleigh, N. C Aug. 

Washington, D. G Aug. 

Washington, D. G Aug. 

Windsor, N. G Sept. 

Oolflsl)oro, N. G Sept 

Washington, D. G Sept. 

High Point, N. G Sept. 

Greensboro, N. G Sept. 

Webster, N. G Oct. 

Anheboro, N. G Oct. 

Beaufort, N. G Oct 

Salem, N. G Oct 

Winston, N. G Oct 

SUtc«villc, N. G Ocit 

Greensboro, N. G Nohr. 

Robeson City, N. G Nov. 

Greensboro, N. G Nov, 

Gleveland, Nov. 

Greensboro, N. G Nov. 

Economy, Ind Nov. 

Wilniingtitn, N. G Nov. 

Oxford, N. G Nov. 

Washington, D. G Nov. 

Raleigh, N.G Dec*. 

New York, N. Y. Jan. 

Washington. D. G Feb. 

Washington, D. G Feb. 

Washington. D. G Feb. 

Washington. D. G Feb. 

PitUboro, N. G April 

Washington, D. G April 

Wilmington, N. G April 

Tarboro, N. G May 

Shoe Heel, N. G May 

Rockingham, N. G May 

Charlotte, N. G Uay 

Trinity College, N. G Juno 

Washington, D. G June 

Company's Shops, N. G June 

Washington, D. C July 

New York Gi^ July 

Enfield, N. G July 

Washington, D. G July 


0, 1800 J. J. Jackson. 

9, 1800 Benjamin 6. Hedrick. 

14, 1800 Sion ^. Rogers. 

21, 1800 Robert H. Bridgers. 

25, 1800 Sion H. Rogers. 

20, 1800 Col. William O. Moore. 

27. 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

6. 1800 Patrick H. Winston. 

8, 1800 William T. Dortch. 

10, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

19, 1800 A. V. Sullivan. 

30, 1800 David F. Caldwell. 

1, 1800 T. D. Bryson. 

6, 1800 S. S. Jackson. 

9, 1800 David L. Saunders. 

10, 1800 Darius H.' Starbuck. 

10, 1800 J. W. Alspaugh. 

24, 1800 K. B. Drake. 

2, 1800 David F. Caldwell. 

4, 1800 Daniel L. Russell. 

10, 1800 Calvin H. Wiley. 

12, 1800 Q. F. Lewis. 

14. 1800 David F. Caldwell. 

18. 1800 William Clark. 

22, 1800 Oscar 0. Parsley. 

22, 1800 Robert B. Gilliam. 

22, 1800 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

6. 1800 Edwin O. Reade. 

24, 1807 Robert Newman. 

22, 1807 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

24, 1807 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

20, 1807 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

28, 1807 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

20, 1807 8. 8. Jackson. 

30, 1807 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

30, 1807 David O. Worth. 

0, 1807 Henry T* Clark. 

10,1807 M. McRae. 

23, 1807 Walter F. Leak. 

25, 1807 Zebulon B. Vance. 

0, 1807 Braxton Graven. 

15, 1807 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 

1, 1807 Josiah Turner, Jr. 

3, 1807 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

3, 1807 Barsillai G. Worth. 

4, 1807 John Goodrich. 

11, 1807 Benjamin 8. Hedrick. 


North Oabolina Historical Commission.. 


Coleraine, N. C July 

Washington, D. C July 

Washington, D. C Aug. 

Fisher Hill, N. C Aug. 

Washington, D. C Aug. 

Tarboro, N. C Aug. 

Pitteboro, N. C Aug. 

Pittsboro, N. C Aug. 

Wilmington, N. C Oct; 

Salem, N. C Nov. 

Salem, N. C Nov. 

Washington, D. G Nov. 

J^aleigh, N. C Dec. 

New York City Aug. 

Reed Creek, N. C Aug. 

Goldsboro, N. C Aug. 

Economy, Ind Aug. 

Rockingham, N. C Tkm, 

Washington, D. C May 

]ja Prairie, 111 July 


11, 1807 P. T. Henry. 

l^r 1867 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

0, 1807 Benjamin S. Hedrick. 

3, 1807 B. Higgins. 

20, 1807 K. N. Gibson. 

20,1807 Henry T. Clark. 

27, 1867 J. J. Jackson. 

27, 1807 J. J. Jackson. 

28, 1807 David G. Worth. 

8, 1807 Joshua Boner. 

9, 1807 Joshua Boner. 

20, 1807 Bonjamin H. irctlrick. 

14, 1807 William U. Bagley. 

1, 1808 Barzillai G. Worth. 

19, 1808 Isaac H. Foust 

24, 1808 Citizens of Goldsboro. 

28, 1808 William Clark. 

9, 1808 Walter F. liOak. 

3. 1809 John Pool. 

8, 1800 K. M. A. Drake. 


WoETH Papers. 


S. S. Jackaon 

Elvira W. Jackson. 
Daniel Hackney . . . 

S. L. Norwood 

I. M. Broils and Wil 

liam E. Picrpy. . . 
Klvtrii \V. Jnckstni. 
William II. Daglcy. 
Benjamin 8. Hedrick 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 

Edward VL Stanley. 

licwis Iftinos 

William H. Btiglo}'. 
William H. Bnglcy. 
William H. Bngley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
Wi Ilium U, Btigloy. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William II. Bngley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William H. Bagley. 
William II. Bagley. 
William II. Bagley. 
William II. Bagley. 
William II. Hngloy. 
William II. Bngley. 
William H. Bagley. 

H. H. Foster 

Wtllinm II. Bngley. 
Pitnenn C. McBac.. 
Itenjamin Askew . . 
William H. Bagley. 
Job Berry 

William T. Dortch and 

George V. Strong. . 
William H. Bagley. . 


Asheboro . . . 
Asheboro . . • 
St. Lawrence 




. Washington,D.C. . . 





Dec. 11,1866.. 

Mar. 16, I8G2.. 

Nov. 29,1862.. 

Dec. 3,1862,. 

April 10,1803.. 
Mar. 10, 1866.. 
Jan. 0,1866.. 
Jan. 20,1866.. 
April 6,1866.. 
April 7,1866.. 
May 0,1866.. 

. Now Bern June 

.SaliHlmry June 

. Raleigh July 

.Raleigh July 

.Raleigh Aug. 

.Raleigh Sept. 

.Raleigh Dec. 

.Raleigh Feb. 

.Raleigh Fob. 

. Raleigh , 

.Raleigh Mar. 

.Raleigh April 

.Raleigh April 

.Raleigh April 

.Raleigh April 

.Raleigh April 

.Raleigh .April 

.Raleigh April 

.RalHgh April 

. Raleigh .April 

.Rnloigli April 

. Raleigh ......... .A pril 

. Raleigh April 

.Kinston Mny 

.Raleigh June 

. Fort Macon July 

.Trenton Oct. 

.Raleigh Dec. 

. Hillsboro May 

. Qoldsboro Aug. 

. Raleigh Sept. 


26, 1866 . . 



2, 1807 . . 





0, 1867 . . 


25, 1807 . . 

13, 1800. . 


J. J. Jackson. 
Fannie Long. 
Zebulon B. Vance. 
.Zebulon B. Vance. 

.Zebulon B. Vance. 
Mrs. Jonathan Worth. 
.J. F. P. C. Cohoon. 
.K. P. Battle. 
David B. Bullock. 
John A. Gilmer. 
.Oonmianding Officer, 

Point Lookout, Md. 
.Nathaniel Boyden. 
J. W. Jones. 
.Hufus h, Patterton. 
William H. Bryan. 
.W. W. Holden. 
.J. P. Foster. 
.David F. Caldwell. 
O. O. Parsley & Co. 
.11. M. llouMton. 
.0. G. Parsley & Co. 
Drury Lacy. 
.Worth & Daniel. 
Daniel Freeman. 
L, L. Polk. 
John Welsh. 
David G. Worth. 
Phineas T. Horton. 
.J. C. Turrcntine. 
C. M. Moss. 
.Mrs. Melvina Wolf. 
Mrs. It C. Pritchard. 
.U. T. Hudson. 
Daniel M. Barringer. 
.Gen. Nelson A. Miles. 
Josinh Turner, Jr. 
Beaton Gales. 
.Sion 11. Rogers. 
.Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 
Gen. Edwin R. S. Canby. 

William E. Pell. 
JI. R. Noel. 


From Stephen B. Oardner. 

Iowa City, Iowa, Feby. £6th, 18U. 

Yours of the 2l8t was reed, last mail, which is about 
one mouth earlier than I liave ever got any communication 
from N. C. before at this place. The fact of my letter 
dated the 8th and postmarked the 21st Deer, is not strange 
here, for we have been frequently 3 weeks without a mail 
during the present winter. 

I must in the first place express my gratification at the 
health and domestic happiness which appear to be enjoyed 
by your family, for I find that the friendship and affec- 
tions of my youthful days are far more lively and deep 
than those of more mature years ; hence the interest I feel 
in all that concerns your father and all the members of 
his family, and the mutual feelins that has ever been ex- 
jirosacd by all of you for my unworthy self adds much to 
my gratification. 

You have given mo a very plain statement of your feci- Poiiucai ciihcuh- 
ings toward M. Van Buren, which, to use the substance "d Harrtoon. 
of your own words, is an evidence of how much the strong- 
est minds may be led astray or swerved from justice by 
their prejudices and imaginary hostility to a truly good 
man. I do not nor did I ever pretend to weigh my judg- 
ment in such matters to yours, for I know that your ac- 
quaintance and knowledge with the policy of the different 
administrations are far better than mine. Yet there is 
nothing short of the hand of Providence can ever convince 
nir that Qonl. Harrison is a gi*oat man either in talents or 
honesty of purpose. There is a disposition in all men to 
lay the blame of all their misfortunes to some cause 
rather than their own imprudence, and of late years the 
President is looked upon as the author of every evil. I 
have examples of this feeling constantly around me. I 



North Carolina HidTOBioAL Commission. 

Description of 
Iowa. Opiwrtniil- 
tlu8 for ttiiuuMing 

was talking with a fine old man not long since. Esq. Ham- 
ilton, who lives 2 miles from here. I asked him how all 
his concerns were, he stated that his family were well but 
that his horses had the sore tongue and he expected Bome 
of them would die. Says he, ^'Gardner, 1 have never had 
any luck since Van Buren was elected. I have lost Cattle, 
Hogs and Horses. One of my sons run off and left me and 
one of my daughters has had her Leg Broke; but, thank 
God, we got 'Harrison in and I think times will alter." I 
could not help but 1x3 partly convinced of the evil influ- 
ences of Van Burenism ; every man here who has too many 
children and those who have none are equally loud in their 
vociferations against Van Buren. I am anxious to drop the 
subject of politicks, and think and speak of more ^^vulgar 
subjects." I hope, liuwover, that yon may l)c i'lecU'd to 
Congress because i know you to be eminently quuliiiod 
and well deserving that honor. 1 say tliis because 1 see 
from the Sovihern Citizen and my former acquaintance 
there that your district can not boast of any man who I 
would call your superior. 

Now, as to this City and Country, in reply to your en- 
quiries, I will say that 1 consider this tlu*. im^st healthy 
situation I have ever known in the West Out of a popu- 
lation of 700 there was but one death of an adult last year 
and tliat was consumption. We are high and dry; excel- 
lent water : a Beautiful River abounds with finest Bass and 
Pike and Salmon. The soil is fertile beyond 1x^1 ief. Tur- 
nips that weigh from 10 to 12 pounds are quite eounnou; 
onions are raised by the field like Irish Potatoes and 
Pumpkins four will frequently load a two-horse wagon, 
every vegetable in proportion ; the finest Water and !Musk 
Melons I ever saw are here. You will see it is not hard to 
obtain the necessaries of life. Our State House or Capitol 
is progressing slowly: we have very little money in circu- 
lation but the stores and groceries seem to be doing well. 
Wo have only 4 stores here and they sell their goods at 
enormous profit. They are laid in at Cincinnati and St. 


Louis. Tliey freight to lilooiiiiugtou by Steam Boat on 
the West side of Miss. 32 miles East of this place, from 
wh^ce they are hauled. The whole cost of freight does 
not exceed 1.50 per hundred. I am well satisfied that were 
jou here with a weM assorted stock of goods, capital, say 
$4,000, you could and would make money independent 
of Legal Business, which, bye the bye, would be a source 
uf profit in a sliort time. It is true wo have eight lawyers 
here but you may judge of their talent when I say that 
AIoscs Swaim or Beiij. is snuirter than any of them. Tho 
country round here is settling fast and this i$ the point 
for trade. Any man with a little means and the applica- 
tion you could give can not fail here in a very few years 
to become independent. That is, he oould secure for his 
cliihircn a valunblo tract of land each, and at so cheap a 
rate tliat it would not materially interfere with the prose- 
cution of his mercantile business. The communication 
with New York and Phila. is easier than from Asheboro. 
We have some tolerably good schools and will soon have 
better. Tho society for men or ladies is very far superior 
to any that I ever knew in Asheboro ; all the objection to 
this Country is that the winters are too long and cold and 
there is a deficiency of timber in the territory generally. 
I am a poor hand at description, but in what I have said 
I have not in the least exaggerated and have not told near 
all the advantages ; but I think I have said enough, added 
to your general knowledge of tho West, to make you think 
seriously of seeking a new home in the West, where the 
prospect of yourself and rising family is infinitely greater 
than on the poor hills of Randolph. Should you ever feel 
any ambition for political preferment there is no place 
equal to this whilo it is young or new. 

If I had attended to my own business while I lived at 
Newport, la., and been prudent I might now have been 
worth fifty thousand dollars ; as it is I am worth nothing. 
I have met with so many reverses and experienced so much 
of the cold-heartedness of this world, which is not felt till 

34 NoitTiL Carolina IIibtorical Commission. 

fortune frowns, that I have lost all the elasticity of spirit 
that 1 ever had ; nevertheless I think I seem as contented 
as most people. My business in the Clerk's office is daily 
increasing and I will in 2 or 3 years be worth perhaps a 
$1,000 per annum, liut I exiK»ct to be removed under thi' 
new administration. The Judges here appoint their Clerks 
and the President the Judges. Our Judges' time will be 
up in July, 1842, when a Whig Judge will doubtless be 
put in his place ; and of course a Whig Clerk in mine. In 
that event I will go onto my claim and try to become a 
humble tiller of the soil. If you could be here in time you 
might get a Judgeship in this Territory. It is worth 
$1,500 per year, paid by II. S. In fact I advise you to 
get your friends in and out of Congress to recommend 
you strongly to tho President and you may probably suc- 
ceed. Our Governor and Judges, etc., have all been im- 
ported from the States. Tlio Judges will all go out lat 
July, 1842, recollect. I will answer Addison when I get 
Message to Mends, the Biography of our connexions from him. Say to Cousin 

Martitia that I could not expect 16 years to pass over with- 
out making some inroads on her charms, but if the same 
spirit of animation remains her attractions wouhl not be 
• lessened. My love to her and all your ciiiidren. 1 hope 
they will not forget me as I am still of the opinion I sluill 
see them some day yet. Don't forget to mention me to 
your father and mother and all the family. Tell Evilina 
if she was here she would not long remain single. Then* 
are at least 4 Batchelors to one single wonuni in the eouu- 
try ; every girl tluit was marriageable has gone off this win- 
ter. Indeed it has been my only cash business (Alarriago 
License). We have no newspaper published here yet but 
shall the ensuing summer. I have long since subscribed 
for one to be sent to Addison. I hope to hear from you 
soon, and it will be the result of your reflections of moving 
here, etc. God knows how much I should like to see you 
once more. I have said enough for one letter. For fur- 
ther particulars enquire in your next. 


From Charles Fisher.^ 



Salisbury, April 8th, 18Jf-l. 
I intended to have had some conversation with you at Jteqnat toworth 

*'^ to ran for Congress. 

lx»xington, Init yon left there before I had opportunity of Rji^er*"^!^- 
doing 8o. What I intended to liave said is that if you have JJJJn^hiJJ]''*' 
any iilea of running for Congress you need not be prevented 
from doing so by the apprehension that there will be a 
candidate started on our side as soon as two of your side 
may be in the field. I have every reason to believe that no 
such idea is entertained. fTor do I thiidc that the opposi- 
tion will start a candidate, though there might be more than 
two AVliigs in the field. We are unwilling however to see 
Abrnhnni Itencher' elected, and I may say that it is the 
feeling of both parties in Ilowan and Davie. He can in 
no event get the Democratic vote: even Dr. Henderson* 
would be supported in preference to him. If you start 
my opinion is, you will gc^t more voters in Kowan than \)o\\\ 
of them, and if Henderson docs not run yon will get nearly 
all in fipiNwition U» Koncher. 80 likewise in Davie. If 
Henderson runs he may beat you a few votes in Davie, 
though this is not certain. In Davidson, against another 
Whig candidate, Henderson can do nothing. You can 
get a large vote there in opposition to Rencher, though he 
is stronger there than here: his friends, however, are 
chiefly about Lexington and Possum Town. In short, if 

> Charles Fisher, b. 1780, d 1840. State Senator 1818 ; member of 
the House of Commons frequently, Speaker 1881. Member of Con- 
vention of 1885. Member of Congress 1810, 1821, 1880-1841. Refused 
to be nominated for Governor in 1840. 

*Abram Rencher, b. in VValce 1804. Meml)er Congress 1820-1880, 
1841-1848. A devoted Whig, he disagreed with most of his party and 
supported President Tyler's course. He was charg/ d'affaires to Por- 
tugal from 1843 to 1847. Buchanan made him Governor of New Mexico. 

' Dr. Pleasant Henderson, long clerk of the House of Commons. 
Fisher had defeated him for Congress in 1830. 

36 NosTU Cabolina Histosioal Commission. 

youy Henderson and Rencher run you will beat them both, 
or if you run against either you will be elected with ease. 
This is my candid opinion, Rencher was here at the Genl. 
Muster and was badly received by both parties. Hender- 
son has not been here in five or six months. In this count- 
ing on the vote of the opposition you will, of course, under- 
stand that we do not go for you as a first choice, but in 
preference to Mr. R. or Dr. H., the only persons who prob- 
ably will be candidates besides yourself. We think that 
Rencher can not bo counted on by cithcjr party. As a 
proof I here enclose you a copy of a letter heretofore writ- 
ten by him. You can see the original in the hands of Mr. 
Hargraves, who is a thorough nuUifier, and has always 
been. You can make use of this extract in any way you 
may tliink best. I will mention another fact which you 
can use if you like. During the time lioncher was in Con- 
gress ho pocketed for mileage $041.00 more than he was 
entitled to. I have the official papers to show it, and if 
you become a candidate I will hand them over to your 
friends. You can assert the fact with perfect safety, 
though it may perhaps be as well not to use my name just 
now. Just however as yon may think most pnulont in this 

On the whole my opinion is that you can be elected with 
great ease even single-handed with R. or Dr. H., or even 
both together. 

From Samuel Sillim^n, 

Salisbury, April 17th, ISJ^l. 
DiflapproYaiof Your letter of the 12th was owins: to my absence at the 

Worth's candidacy o ./ 

for congreaB, with Davie Superior Court not delivered imtil the evening of 

reasons to fear '^ '^ 

defeat. ^j^^ 15th, and the announcement immediately handed to 

the Watchm>an which appears as early as the first publica- 
tion afterwards. I regret that you and Mr. Rencher 
should be in opposition as I think the result must bo un- 
favorable to you. The reasons why I think so are that he 


lias iukcii Ike start of you so far ou the West of the Yau- 
kiuy aud is personally acquainted ¥^ith a large majority .of ' 
the voters, while your acquaintance is very limited aud 
the time before the day of election is too short to overcome 
that disadvantage. There is another circumstance that 
vnll operate against you, strange as it may appear, it is 
nevertheless true. The Fisher clan, particularly the loco- 
foco party, are understood to intend favoring your pre- 
tensions, aud anything that savors of Eisherism is odious 
and consequently unpopular, and Mr. llcncher will no 
doubt take advantage of the circumstances too plausible 
to be successfully controverted, furnishing a theme of dec- 
lamation powerful and so easily available. Being forced 
into this false position by the favor of Charles Fisher, I 
greatly fear, will render your success in this part of the 
district very doubtful. I can not state with certainty 
whether the editors of the Waichnujn will support you or 
not. My impression is that they will be neutral — there 
shall be other candidates. There was ten delegates ap- 
|H)iutrd to the Asheboro convention from this' county, one 
of which was T. Bnmo.r, of tlio Walrhman, and he, like the 
olhcrs, failed to attend. I have thus candidly given my 
views on the subject that you may be forewarned and if 
possible forearmed to encounter the difficulties before you. 
They have not been mentioned by me to any other person 
whatever; it may be that they will not arise exactly as I 
have conjectured. Wishing success to your enterprise. 
I am respectfully your obedient servant. 

To the Freemen of the Tenth Congressional District. 

Fri.tx)w CiTizKNs: — ^Tho principal tendency of my op- 
]>oncnra reply to my Circular of the 19th instant is to 
create odium against me by indirectly accusing me of being 
guilty of the "dirty work" of seeking in the sanctuary of 
a private correspondence for matter of accusation against 
him, and thereby turning public attention from the points 

38 NoETH Carolina Hibtorioal Commis&K'N. 

I had raised^ to wit: His insincerity and duplicity as a 

• politician. Let us review the matter a moment and sec 

how far I have merited the coarse epithets he applies 

to me, 

Reiichc^wtioii In Mr. Iteiicher's Circular of the lOlh instant he tells 

U)ward Worili. ^i.i* iiti^.i 

you that last summer he heard of the misrepresentations 
that had been made as to the letter to Mr. Ilargrave, and 
that he then challenged its production, if it contained any- 
thing in conflict with the opinions he then advocated. So 
much was said about it in the Western part of the District 
where many persons had seen it before I ever heard of it, 
that Mr. Rencher deemed it necessary to refer to it week 
before last in his speech at Mocksville, and triumphantly 
challenged its publication. The original letter had bec»n 
shown to some of the Whigs in that vicinity by Mr. FiHluu- 
two years ago, while Mr. Henelier was spoken of as a pnJ)- 
ablo candidate against him. When it had thus been shown 
to several persons, and reports were in circulation as to its 
contents prejudicial to my opponent, and he had twice 
challenged its production in public speeches, I submit to 
my bitterest opponent, in whose bosom there is a particle 
of fairness, whether it was not the honorable course to 
publish it, and thereby give Mr. Rencher an opportunity 
to reply. In the next place he attempts to create preju- 
dice against me by calling what I have published "a gar- 
bled extract," thereby intending to make the impression 
that the import of the extract would have been varied by 
the publication of the entire letter. I am glad he has pub- 
lished the reuuiining portion which he deems niaierial. 
I had quoted the paragraph I published, not to prove that 
Mr. Rencher was in favor of the administration. I made 
no such intimation — for he abuses the administration in 
the extract itself. I quoted it to prove what it does prove, 
and what no ingenuity can evade, that while he was jmh- 
licly professing to be a Whig, when writing to a gentleman 
to whom such opinions would ho acceptable, he says he is 
on "neutral ground" ; and speaking of the opposition which 


consisied of the frieuds of Mr. Clay and General Harri- 
son lie 8}H*aks of them as a party with which he is then 
''compelled lo aelT Mind tlie words 1 pray you: "Those 
with whom I am iww compelled to act/' I do not com- 
plain of the gentleman's old-fashioned llepublicanisni, but 
of his acknowledgment that he acts with the Whig party, 
not from choice, but from compulsion. Ilo says fliis is 
*'aii extract from a private letter written in the con/id€tu:e 
of personal and polilical friendship." It is here due to 
Mr. Ilargravo to say that lie did not regard it as involving 
any breach of propriety to show it to others, for he then 
respected Mr. liencher as a catuiuf' politician who had the 
same set of opinions for the private ear of a friend and 
for his constituenis at large. But let ns admit that it was, 
what Mr. Kencher says it was, a letter written "in the con- 
iidcnce of personal and political friendship." Which 
would look to us to exhibit the true and genuine sentiments 
of his heart, a confidential letter to a friend, or his public 
declaration to the people ? 

As to the miserable flourish that 1 '^seem to rest my 
claims to your ccmfidenco and sui)port" on the discovery 
and publication of this ahirming letter, L have only to 
say that ho well knew I did not discover it. It had been 
seen and read by many before I ever heard of it, and the 
extract had even been published in a newspaper before I 
went fo Tx^xingfoii to sw it: and T piil>liHh(Ml it, not to show 
any merit in myself, but the want of it in my opponent, 
so far as candor and sincerity are concerned ; and as to any 
pretensions to merit on my part I think I have made none, 
unless it is to be found in the presumptuous act of putting 
myself in competition with a gentleman whose power (he 
fells us with great complacency) some "have felt in times 
past and others fear it for time to come." 

I see in several newspapers a publication signed by the The dtstrtct con- 
Delegates from Davidson and a portion of the Delegates 
from the County of Chatham, to a Convention which has 
hoon proposed at Asheboro. The two upper counties, 

40 NosTii Carolina Historioal Commission. 

Kowan and Davie, were not represented. From Chatham 
two sets of delegates attended, one of them appointed in a 
meeting at Pittsboro, in which Mr. Eencher appeared and 
made a speech, and which instructed its delegates not to 
commit themselves to tlie support of any candidate than 
Mr, Bencher, or something to this eifect, as you may see 
by reference to their published proceedings, which are not 
now before me; and at the head of this delegation Mr. 
Bencher himself "wended'* his way to Asheboro. Another 


set of delegates also attended from Cliathuin, appointed by 
a meeting opposed to Mr. Bencher. (Jhullmm was, there- 
fore, neutralized. Three delegates appeared from David- 
son, appointed by a meeting in Lexington, consisting of 
18 persons, who undertook to speak for their County. The 
delegates from Bnndolph aaul oiic set of the dcleyalcs from 
Chatham thought, under these circumstances, that they 
ought not to attempt to make a nominulion, and declined 
to do so. I should not have referred to this matter had it 
not suited Mr. Bencher or his friends in publishing what 
occurred at Asheboro to suppress the fact, that a respect- 
able portion of the Whigs of Chatham were so much op- 
posed to Mr. Boucher that thoy scut up doloji^ates who 
wished to bring out some other candidate. Let me not be 
understood as blaming Mr. Bencher's friends. They acted 
without the knowledge of the facts I have brought to light 
and shall bring to light. 
Mr. Bencher's In relation to the '^mileage" affair to which Mr. Bencher 

mileage. refers in his Postscript, I have only to say that the evidence 

upon which it resli) was phu*ed in uiy liauds hoiim^ daiys 
ago, with liberty to use in such way as I might deem 
proper; but conclusive as this evidence is I hesitated to 
give it publicity, or even to speak of it, except to a few 
personal friends whom I consulted as to the course I ought 
to pursue. When I reached Davie I heard that the report 
was abroad there and hera It originated with others and 
was known to many persons before I ever heard of it. 
As the gentleman has thought proper to allude to it I shall 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 41 

pursue the course which I think the fair and honorable 
one in electioneering — publish the whole matter and let 
the gentleman make his defense. I am not his accuser. 
I shall merely state facts which have been placed in my 
possession, but which 1 had no agency in procuring. I 
merely make these introductory remarks to show that I 
have not Ikxmi prompted cither by desire of political pre- 
ferment or unfriendly feeling toward Mr. llencher to hunt 
out tliese matters. The personal relations between us 
have hitherto been friendly. I think it due to him that 
the grave charge which has been put in circulation against 
him should assume a shape that he may be enabled to offer 
his defense to the people. 

He says: '^I stop the press to correct another pitiful 
misrepresentation which is intended to be made, if it has 
not nli'eady been made, in some parts of the district It 
is that while a member of Congress I received more mile- 
age than I was justly entitled by law. The charge is to- 
tally untrue." This is a charge directly affecting Mr. 
Ilencher's integrity as a public servant, and if untrue 
those who made it deserve the most severe condemnation ; 
but if it 1)0 Inie, what then ? Will he not bo guilty of the 
double offense, of first taking more of the public money 
than he was entitled to, and secondly, of denying it after 
having done sot He says this was sent in a letter from 
Salisbury to Pittsborough, etc. Of this I know nothing. 
If it is intended to insinuate that it was done through 
my agency or by my connivance I spurn the insinuation. 
Documents have been placed in my hands, however, which 
I am sorry to say prove the charge to be true. Before I 
give you the facts in the case let me give you the law. I 
have it l)efore me. Mr. Rencher says, "Under the law as 
it now stands members of Congress are paid by the water 
route, though it often doubles the distance by land.'' The 
Ad of Congress says that "each Kepresentative shall be 
allowed eight dollars for every 20 miles of the estimated 
distance, by the most usual road, from his place of resi- 

42 North Carolina Historical Co^imissjon. 

dence to the seat of Congress, at the commencement and 
end of every session." The law then allows "eight dollars 
for every 20 miles of the estimated distance **by the usual 
road/' Air. Kencher lives at Pittsborougli, and the most 
usual road, the one along which nine-tenths of the passen- 
gers from Kaleigh to Washington go, is by Petersburg, 
Itichmond and Fredericksburg, which is the mail route. 
What is the estimated distance from Pittsborough to 
Washington City? Go into any Post-Offico in the coun- 
try, and the Post-Master will show you the books that will 
give you the estimated distance. I have that published 
in 1828 before me. It states the distance to be 324 miles 
at that time. That of 1836 is also before me and states 
the distance at 319 miles. Mr. Tienchor says he some- 
times traveled by this roule and Siiuulimes weul by oilier 
and longer ones, but he does not nH^oJliutt his uiileage. Hi; 
was in Congress from 1829 to 1839, making 10 regular 
sessions and one extra session. I have a certified copy of 
his account from the Treasury Department for each of the 
eleven sessions, showing that Mr. Ilenchor receiveil pay 
each session for 430 miles going to Congress and 430 miles 
returning home. I have also the certificate of Mr. Dorsey, 
Sergeant-at-Arms, who pays the members, which shows 
that Mr. Rencher certified his distance to Ix) 430 miles. 
Let us suppose the longest distance stated in the Post- 
office books, to wit, 324 miles, to be the true distance, and 
it will appear that Mr. Konclior ccrli/ied his uiil('ai»;(» to 
be 100 more than it was each way, or 212 miles each ses- 
sion more than it was aud rcKU'ived pay aeeonliui*:lv. 
Eleven times 212 makes 2,332 miles, which at f$S for 
every 20 miles, or 40 cents per mile, makes $932.80, 
which he received from the Public Treasury more than 
ho was entitled to by law. Mr. Rencher admits he trav- 
eled the mail route to Richmond, Fredericksburg, etc., 
sometimes. How happens it then that his mileage is the 
sauie every session ? Rut the Act of Cougrcss allows ))ay 
to a member according "<o the estimated distance by the 


iiwsl usual road," and not according to the distance on any 
route the nicnibors may chooso to travel. If the law al- 
lowed a member 40 cents per mile on any route he might 
choose to go it might suit some members to take shipping 
on the Pacific and sail around Cape Horn to Washington. 

It 18 proper to say that other raeml)crs from North 
Carolina did not charge for constructive journeys. Mr. 
Dorsey's certificate shows the niilcagt» of each member of 
Congress from North Carolina, as certified by themselves, 
for the first and second sessions of the 24th Congress, com- 
mencing Tth Dec., 1835, for the first session, and ending 
3d March, 1837, for the second session. This shows that 
while Mr. Renchcr is certifying his distance to be 430 
miles, Dr. Montgomery, of Orange, who lives more than 
20 miles further from Kaleigh, charges only 351 miles; 
Mr. McKay, of the Wilmington District, only 395, and 
ifr. Williams, of Surry, 390 miles. 

I have also a duly certified copy from the report of the 
Committee on Mileage, made in pursuance of one of the 
standing rules of the House of Representatives, for the 
first session of the last Congress. It shows thnt !N[r. Ilill, 
<»f Riokes, chargcMl for 350 miles; Mr. Willinnis, 300 miles, 
and Mr. Fisher, of Salisbury, who goes right by Mr. Ren- 
cher's door, a distance of 85 miles from Salisbury, charges 
for 413 miles — 17 miles less than Mr. Rencher. 

One of the great complaints which, the Whigs urged 
njj:niiist the Van IJurenites was their extravagance. T ask 
the Whigs of this District if we are to censure constructive 
jounieys in ^J'homas IF. I^enlon, and cover them with the 
mantle of charity when one of our own party practices the 
same thing? I know you will not. All honest men of 
pvorv party will look upon such conduct, by whomsoever 
practiced, with disgust and indignation. Violent parti- 
sans may overlook it. The people at large, who love their 
CotirUry more than their party, will not. 

But Mr. Rencher will endeavor to impair the force of 
these facts by snying they were furnished me by his cue- 

44 North Cabolina Histobioal Commisbion. 

mies — by some of those who have "felt his power in times 
past, and fear it in times to come/' Your good sense will 
teach you that it docs not matter where it comes from. 
Your inquiry should be, is it true? Our friends seldom 
hunt up and expose our faults. 
o^jjOfajoint Now that Mr. Eencher may not say that I have pub- 

lished this charge after it is 'Hoo late to be contradicted" 
I hereby give notice to him and to the people of the Dis- 
trict that I will bo at Ashoborongh with my documents on 
Tuesday of May Court; at Salisbury, on Thursday of May 
Court ; at Mocksville, on Friday, the 7th day of May ; at 
Lexington, on Saturday, the 8th day of May ; and at Pitts- 
boro, on Tuesday of May Court. I do not make this propo- 
sition by way of challenge. I do it to give my opponent, 
what 1 ask for myself, a fair hearing. 

I am, very respectfully, 
Your fellow-citiasen, 

Jonathan Worth. 

Salisbubt, April S8th, ISJil. 

To John Long. 

Asheuobo, July 8th, 185^. 

Your letter in relation to getting up a convention to ap- 
point Delegates to meet those of Alamance to nominate a 
Candidate for Senator reached me after I had my horse 
in my buggy to go to Cumberland to attend to important 
business. I handed your letter to my brother, J. M. Worth, 
and requested him to confer with others and act in the 
premises as they might think best. He reported to me on 
my return that all thought the time was so short and the 
season so busy that it would be impossible to get up large 
primary meetings; that it was evident that Dr. Lane, 
though pretending extreme reluctance, intended to be a 
Candidate, and the nomination of a candidate by delegates 
appointed by small primary meetings would furnish him 


with the very weapon he ikHired to beat his oppoueiil; aud 
all concurred, therefore, in declining to make an attempt 
to get up a Convention. It was evident Dr. Lane's friends 
would not participate in it. Of the correctness of these 
views I have no doubt. 

There has been no Convention in any County belonging ^tSSSw w'nJen. 
to the Congressional District in which Genl. Dockery and ^^• 
I rnii since that race excepting tho very imposing one which 
nominated Deberry^ to the exclusion of Dockery and Lit- 
tle. Public prejudice or the public judgment is inveterate 
against them, and an adroit demagogue can beat the nomi- 
nee of any ordinary convention. 

The result is that Dr. Lane is likely to run without op- 
position. That a man so utterly devoid of every attribute 
of a gentleman should be our Senator is most humiliating 
to me. He exerts a powerful influence with many of our 
citizens, and our men seeking public preferment are afraid 
to incur his displeasure, and those who do not seek such 
preferment take no steps to bring about concerted opposi- 

There would be no danger of the election of a democrat J,'jj^^"' as e can- 
if two Whigs ran for tho Senate. This county polled in ' 
1840 1,017 Senate votes. Its full strength has not been 
called out since. The vote was 777 Whig, 240 dem. I do 
not know the strength of Alamance, but I suppose the ma- 
jority against us is small. 

Dr. Lano has never got a large vote. Ilis opposition has 
never been strong. 

Since writing the foregoing I hear that Alamance will hSiTm jindidiite? 
run Mebane in the Commons. If this be so I propose that 
we concentrate on I. H. Foust. Hold a consultation with 
Mr. Troy, Col. Brown and others. I think we can elect 
Foust without his being a Candidate. If we fail, it can 
not mortify ]n'm since tlic concentration on him ought to 
be without consulting him — entirely without his knowl- 

' Edward Deberry, of Montgomery county. Member of Ck)ngre88 
1829-1831, 1883-46, 1849-1861. 

46 North Cabolina Historioat. Commission. 

edge. If you and Troy and Brown approve this plan can 
you suggest any other name so suitable ? Your location en- 
ables you to know something of Alamance. If you three 
will fix on the man to be voted for I will endorse. 

I hear that Pleasant Holt, a democrat, is n Candidate 
and that he is with u8 on the public lands and will vote for 
Badger. If this be so I will vote for him in preference to 
Lane. My preference and wish is that Foust be fixed on ; 
and that concentration be brought about by the publication 
of cards somewhat as follows, with an many siguatiircs as 
can be conveniently got. 

The undersigned citizens of Randolph and Alamance, 
at the approaching election, propose to cast our votes for 
Isaac H. Foust to represent us in the Senate of our next 
Ixigishitiirc, and hereby invite the c<M)i»oration of those wlio 
may prefer him to the candidate iM^fore us. 

This nomination is made without consulting Mv. Foust 
and without his knowledge. 

Jtdy, 1854. 

I will sign such a paper and procure many others to sign 
it; but T think tlie plan, if you approve it, had iKitter seem 
to originate in your quarter. 

Let me hear from you soon. 

P. S. — If Mobanc is not a Candidate for the Commons 
in Alamance then I would run him instead of Foust. 

To Isaac IIolL 

AsHEBOBO^ July 8th, 1854. 
Diacuaionofsitaa- You find events developinff themselves as to our Candi- 

tlOD ai to oandi* *■ ° 

^to for State aena- date for Senator as I predicted. No opposition can be 

brought out against Dr. Lane by a convention which can 
be successful. Public prejudice licre is inveterate against 
conventions. An adroit demagogue can easily create the 
same sentiment in Alamance. Dr. Lane's popularity is 


grcfttly ovcrostiinatcd. lie has nover run agaiust formid- 
able opposition and has never got a large vote. A very 
large portion of this county will not vote for him under, 
any circumstances. Those who are unwilling that one so 
void of all honorable sentiments as Dr. Lane shall be our 
Senator are determining to concentrate and vote on Meb- 
nne, although he is not a Candidate. He will certainly 
riHTivc a hirgo vote in this county, and if Ahinuuice should 
give him a strong pull he will certainly be elected. 

Nothing should be said to Mcbane about [Rest of para- 
gmph illegible.'] 

Please let me hear from you soon. I heard yesterday 
evening that Alamance would run Mcbane in the Com- 
mons. If this be true it will be necessary to concentrate 
on some other man. IIo should bo a man of high intelli- 
gence and oxemphiry moral worth. IIow would John 
Long, I. IL Foust or Ilenry B. Elliott do? Can you sug- 
gest another ? 

To Calvin II. Wiley."^ 

Ahmkiiouo, SvpL 2 Id, 1S56, 
The extremes in the number of children in the several Q««tton« "to «»■ 

terpretatioQ of the 

districts of this County are 27 and 168. The Board here •chooiiaw. 
regard the 35 Sec. of the act of last Session requiring them 
to distribute the money equally among the districts as so 
flngrnntly unjust and unreasonable that we are extremely 
i^clnctant to carry it out. 

Do you regard the 39th and 4l8t sections of the Act as 
repealing the privilege contained in the charter to Normal 
Colleges to free certificates to teachers ? 

Under the provisions of the late Act at what time do 
yon consider the Sheriffs bound to account for the School 

llic 53 Sec. provides only for blanks on which Chair- 

* CnlTin Henderson Wiley, Superintendent of Public Instruction of 
North Oaroiina. 

48 North Cabolina Historioat. Commission. 

men are to make their returns. Are no more blanks to be 
fuhiished on which the committee of examination may is- 
sue certificates and the school committee make their re- 

I now need blanks of both the latter descriptions. 

Your views on these matters will much oblige me. 

I suggest for your consideration whether or not the 
blanks, on which Chairmen are to make their returns, 
ought not to have a column showing the balance due the 
' several districts at the annual settlement preceding. 

Can you or the State derive any useful information 
from the column reporting the names of teachers and their 
grade of scholarship, that it seems to me you can deduce 
no satisfactory conclusions from this part of the report. 
But your position enables you to see the workings of \\\v 
system throughout the State and possibly it may be of use 
in some point of view which does not occur to me. 

To Thomas Bragg. 

AsHEBOHo, Oct. 10th, 1S55. 

Ro«incMt for adviec Tho 41 Scc. of tlio Act of tlio lust scssioii relating to 
of school law. County Schools, forbidding the chairman to pay a draft 

in favor of a teacher unless he exhibit a certificate from 
the committee of examination, in effect repeals the 4th 
Sec. of the Act of 1852 chartering Normal Colleges. (See 
Acts of 1852, page 161), if the Legislature have power 
to repeal this provision in the N. College Charter. 

I am chairman for this (/Ounty, niul upon tho reasoning 
in the Mills vs. Williams, 11 Ired., 558, conclude that the 
Legislature have the power to repeal, but I feel by no means 
certain that my conclusion is correct. 

The responsibility of deciding on this question at their 
peril ought not to rest on chairnion. T submit for your 
consideration whether it would not be well to get the opin- 
ion df the Att. Qenl. and publish it, that there may be uni- 
formity of action on the part of chairmen. 


To Ji. Doughs cG Co. - 

AsHEBOBo, N. C, Dec. Ist, 1866. 
Yonrs of the 20th ult. is just received. The irentlemen Lintpf »ttomcy»iii 

* , ° Bandol|>h coontj, 

of the bar practicing in this county, with their Post Office 
annexed, find below: 

Geo. C. Mendenhall, yfm. P. Mendenhall, Jamestown, 
Guilford Co., N. C. 

John A. Uilmer, Kalph Gorrell, Kobt P. Dick, James 
T. Morehead, Greensboro, N. C. 

J. M. Leach, James Long, Lexington, "N. C. 

Wm. W. Long, Long's Mill, Randolph County, N. C. 

D. W. C. Johnson, Eden, Randolph County, N. C. 

Jonathan Worth (residing in Randolph County), 
James M. A. Drake, R. H. Brown, Asheboro, N. C. 

J. J. Jackson, Pittsboro, K. C. 

The undersigned and his son-in-law, J. J. Jackson, prac- 
tice in Co-partnership in the counties of Randolph, Chat- 
ham, Moore and Harnett. There is no other partnership 
among the members of the bar here so far as I know. I 
understand your inquiry as to partnerships to apply to 
legal and not mercantile co-partnerships. 


AsHEBOBO, July l£th, 1366. 
My Dbab Sib: — I thank you for your friendly letter of niwaunriw^tiofi 

, , .,. , _,_, . . . -I 1 with imtlonnl con- 

the Otli. 1 am as you know a Whig of tho origmal parcel, vouuonn. 
but I am attached to the Union in much [next three lines 
illegible'} hence I thought both parties ought to have 
nominated for the presidency and vice-presidency those 
who in tho Into turmoil hml the moral conrngc to breast tho 
Btonn while the issue was uncertain. Ilenoc I had decided 
if tlic dcuiocrals nominated Cass or Douglas and the Whigs 
nominated any man who, though he might be for the com- . 
promise I measures, was willing to avoid the displeasure of 
the extremists by suppressing his opinions, I would vote 


NoBTH Carolina Histosioal Commission. 

Reaaons for sup- 
port of Scott. 


for the (k'luocrat. Such I think was the ^iositiou of (jiaii' 
eral Scott. I thought he was souiul on the coinproiiiisc* 
but that he was willing for tlie sake of the prcsiduucy to 
refrain from a public avowal of his inwition at the instance 
of the abolition Whigs, and thereby allow thoni to use his 
name as a means of breaking down ; Filmore and Webster. 
The abolition Whigs knew they could not nominate a man 
of their own stamp with any chance of success, but were 
willing to support one who had rendered himself loss ol)- 
noxious by having been less pr<iuiin(;nt and who was williug 
to offer theui the courtesy of his silence till aifler the noiui- 
nation as a bid for their votes, lie took pains that the 

South should know his real sentiments, but under color 


of a high sense of decorum and dignity procured the suj)- 
port of the alK)lition Whigs by refraining from a pid»lic 
avowal of his opinion through the press. These are (I am 
sorry to say, are ) my views. 

But I did not hesitate a moment to decide on supporting 
the nominees of the Whig Convention in preference to those 
of the democrats. The democratic nomination was subject 
to all my objections against Scott, and woidd not carry 
out one of my principles while the Whig nominee would. 
]3esides, I have never doubted the success of the Whig 
nomination. T think Scott will get more votes than Fil- 
more or Webster. Churubusco, Chapultepec, Mexico will 
have the claims of the battle of New Orleans. And it has 
become a settled precedent with Whig presidents to [nv.vt 
line illegible'] the Whig Convention made a provision for 
that very contingency which meets my luMirtic^st approval. 
I shall support the nominee by every fair means in my 

I formed my opinion of Filmore while he was in the 
House of Representatives at the head of the Committee 
of Ways and Means. T regarded him then, and I have 
since l)ecome confirmed in it, as one of the very few men 
in the high political station who "would rather he right 
than be President." 


I Imvo prrliaim troubled you too much witli luy humble 

This counly will do nil you will expect from her. 1 
have the vanity to believe that I constitute my full share 
iu forming and establishing her political position, and, 
however it may have been formed, no county in the State 
has Iwen more stable for the Inst 12 yenrs. 

I should 1m' frfud to be satisfied that Scott's refusal to 
publish his opinions on the compromise before his nomina- 
tion sprang from no motive unworthy of the frank and 
noble soldier. 

Frovi S. S. Jackson to J. J. Jackson.^ 

Amiiejioro, P<*c. 11th, '50. 

1 understand that you arc in Raleii^h and therefore I Regnrding appoint, 
write this line and direct it to that place. You know that {J^JJitJi*^*'^^^**'* 
1 was at home a few weeks ago, and went from there to 
Ch. Hill in order to see something about the Tutorship 
that was offcre<l me. When I got to Ch. Hill 1 found 
that the Faculty did not have the power to appoint the 
Tutor. But their duty was to recommend some names to 
the Trustees and out of the number the Trustees would 
make the selection. I think that I can safely say that I 
have no fears about being elected, provided — What I wish 
you to do is to make inquiry when the annual meeting of 
tli(» Trust(H»s is. 

[ wrote to Mr. F. M. Hubbard to ascertain the fact, 
hut have not as yet heard from him, and for fear that he 
may neglect to inform me immediately I therefore wish 
you to do it. Make the inquiry as if you had no particu- 
lar uiolive. Tt is uu)re than likely that the meeting has 
liren held. If that is the case I would be glad if you would 
ask if they had selected any one to supply the vacancies 

'8. 8. Jackson, of Pittsboro, a graduate of the University of North 
Carolina in the class of 1854. He was later a Tutor in the institution 
and, after the Oivil War a lawyer. 

62 IfoRTH Cabolina Hibtobioal Commission. 

which had been oocasioned by the resignation of Messrs. 
Brown, Wetmore, etc. And if so, who. All these things 
can be ascertained from Gov. Manly. You know that at 
the last County Court of Chatham Gov. Manly had a lit- 
tle conversation with me about it. 

As soon as I hear who is elected, and should I be the 
one, I shall go immediately to Chatham and from there 
to Ch. Hill and from there to Kaleigh. I shall marry 
some time this month and go probably to Petersburg. It 
is my present intention so to do. Everytliing is now agree- 

I have understood that the land on the river was not sold 
by Hugh Waddell. If that is the case, and if it is to be 
sold at February Court, I think that you ought to have it 

I am very glad that the Bill for the Coal Field Boad is 
now almost certain to pass. If you are very flush of money 
I shall be very glad to get a little. I borrowed a little from 
an old man in the Cty. of Chatham but it is dwindled 
down. I bought some clothes and joined the Masons, etc., 
all of which I had to pay. 

All are very well. Mr. Worth is in Cumberland; will 
be back in a few days. Give my love to all at home. Sis 
Mary, etc. 

To Rev. George McNeill, 

AsHEBORO, Dec. 27th, 1856. 
Rogfu^ingRiMwi- You are at liberty to refer to mo and to conunaiul any 

iloii ill Uio Uulvur- "^ ... 

sityikcuuy. influence I possess in relation to obtaining the situation 

you desire in the University, but it will not be possible for 
me to attend the meeting of the trustees at which the ap- 
pointment is to be made. I have no doubt your scholastic 
attainments would enable you to fill the chair of adjunct 
Professor of Languages with credit to yourself and the 
University. I wished to have answered by the last mail 
but I knew that my new son-in-law, S. S. Jackson, was 



promised by the faculty tlie post of tutor of the Qreek and 
Latin languages; that he had, at the request of Gov. Swain, 
lately visiti^d Chapel Hill and thought 1 might be able on 
seeing him to get some information on the subject which 
might be useful to you. His understanding is that no ad- 
junct professor of languages is to be appointed and he is 
unable to inform me whether any persons have been fixed 
U|K>u by the faculty to Ix) rocomnicnded for the other va- 
cancies. He graduated with the first distinction 18 months 
ago and I understand was invited by the faculty to be a 
candidate, and I suppose will of course receive the appoint- 
ment of tutor. 

We are all well and should be happy to hear that you 
had been restored to perfect health. 

To Calvin H. Wiley. 

AsHEBOBO, March 8th, 1868. 

I have been grievously oppressed with business for a f pJjJS^tOTw'in 
few weeks past, so that I have not attended to everything "*~^ •occmnts. 
in due time. I reed, from you a letter, now mislaid, in 
which you stated you thought there was error in my ac- 
count BBf chairman, or that it was not quite intelligible. 
My recollection is that you did not specify the difficulty. 
I think there can be no inaccuracy and suppose the point 
is this, in this ^County no schools arc taught in the sum- 
mer, and the principle of division long adopted by us* 
makes the calculation distributing the money among the 
districts troublesome. The money received in the spring 
would not be used by the districts, if divided, till the Fall 
Dividend and the County tax come to hand. Immediately 
after they come to hand I make up my account, and this 
is the account sent you in the Fall of the next year and 
consequently does not embrace the Spriufij dividend received 
from the State after the account is made out. All my ac- 
coimts show that I am charged only with the funds received 

54 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

up to the time it is made out, and do not purport to em- 
brace the dividend received in May following. If you are 
reviewing them with the view of ascertaining the bal. in 
the hands of the chm. at the date of the return of the ac- 
count to you, then to the balance in my hands, as shown at 
the time the return is made to you, should be added the 
dividend received the previous spring. My account pur- 
ports to make me Dr. to cash reed, and balance in my 
hands at the date of making it out in the Fall, say 185G, 
and my disbursements to the timo it is returned to you, say 
Fall 1857, and does not purport to include on the debtor 
side anything received in 1857. 

If I have not made myself intelligible or the supposed 
error is in some other particular, T will be at any pains to 
explain as 1 have always endeavored to be strictly awu- 
rato, and have always so proved my accounts that I felt 
certain they \voro right. When a chaiu^e sdiool is taught 
after the receipt of the Spring Dividend I always pay the 
district its supposed share of the Spring dividend and 
charge it to the district, and if it turns out to l)e more or 
less than proves to be due it is unimportant. This mode 
of keeping, tho account injures nobody ami saves me much 

I ought perhaps to have declined to serve as chairman 
the past and present years, because in addition to my 
other heavy business engagements other heavy duties in- 
voluntarily devolve on me, so that I have been oppressed 
by my engagements and may not have attended to all tho 
details with sufficient accuracy, i have been iiuluccd lo 
retain the post because I felt a deep interest in the success 
of the system and feared no successor would be found who 
would discharge the duties so well. If I have committed 
an error, especially in relation to my pecuniary duties, it 
would be exceedingly mortifying to me. 



I'o John A. Gilmer.^ 

AsiiKBoRo, Mav, Olli, IS6S. 
Ill reply to 3'oiir8 of the 4tli iiist. 1 am for any course Attitude townra» 

* ^ ^ Mulin In KSUBM. 

in relation to the Lecompton constitution which will put SSiSjn'cSliw' 
an end to agitation in Congress. Not a particle of the ex- 
citrnirnt prevails among any class of our people which 
S(f UI8 to sigiliilo OongroKS. 

1 think the leading principle of the Nebraska act is 
right, that the most abominable frauds were practiced in 
the Kansas elections and that it will be right, per se, to 
let them vote again, and I feel indiflFerent as to the result 
of the election, and such T believe is the general sentiment 
of nearly all with whom I have had intercourse; but I have 
etuifideiiec that you will not allow excitement to control 
your judgment, and know your means of understanding all 
the ])oiuts are far better than mine and have no doubt the 
course you may deem it expedient to adopt will be the 
result of reasoning which will be satisfactory to me. I 
have no idea slavery will long exist iu lunisas and think 
we are fighting for a shadow. 

I r. S.l— What alM>ut IVnnal lleiidrickH? 

To John A. Oihner. 

Arueboro, Hay 26lh, 1868. 
You will have learned that 1 am a candidate to represent Aeksaasistanoein 

keeping Dr. Lone 

Randolph and Alamance in the Senate and that Dr. T^^"^ 2uidi?ialc*for **** 
iR threatening to oppose me. I can not learn that he has ^'^^ *^°**®- 
yet fully declared himself a candidate. If he should come 
out it is manifest that it would be prejudicial to our party 
and might possibly result in the election of a democrat. 

^ John A. (lilnior was at this time a Whig Member of Congress. He 
hail been defeated in 1850 for Governor by Thomas Uragg. Lincoln, ^ 

in IHGI, offered liim a place in his Cabinet in the hope of encouraging 
confidence in the State in the Republican administration, but Gil- 
mer declined to accept. 

66 NoBTH Cabolina HidTOBiOAL Commission. 

All the intelligent men of our party in both Counties, so far 
as I can learn, will support me and I can not doubt the 
result of the election. But as this is the year when free 
suffrage^ takes effect, if he is a candidate he will try to 
raise some new issue with me, will talk about aristocracy, 
start innumerable rumors, etc, and the contest will be un- 
pleasant and pernicious to our party whatever may be the 

If anybody can influence him to desist and hold off it 
is yourself. I do not desire you to exercise that influence 
as a personal favor to me, but to prevent a schism in our 
party. A personal contest must have this effect. Possibly 
the question may arise in your mind, why not avoid this 
by withdrawing yourself? This answer is that the most 
intelligent and orderly citizens of this county will not 
support Lane under any circumstances, but if our party 
will bring forward any good inan I will withdraw more 
than willingly. 

[The remainder of the letter is missing."] 

To Alfred 0. Foster r 

AsHEBOBX)^ June 10th, 1858. 
poiiUcB In Ilavinir decided to be a Candidate it becomes necessary 

AUumnce and ^ 

Bandoipb. f^j. j^q ^o resign my office of Clerk and Master in Equity. 

There is no one here competent to discharge the duties of 
the office, and I know of no one who desires to fill it. It 
may suit me after serving a session in the Legislainre or, 
by possibility, after being beaten, to resume the t)ffice. In 
1840 my friend H. B. Elliott accepted the office, appointed 
me his deputy and resigned on my return from the Legis- 
lature. Will you oblige me in like manner ? 

> Prior to this no One could vote for a State Senator without a free- 
hold qualiflcation of tifty acres of land. 

'Alfred Q. Foster was at this time one of the members of the 
House of Commons from Randolph county. 


r still hear Dr. Lnuo will run, and rumor says tliat Qeo. 
(not Jiilly) rattereon, of Alamanoc, is dobatiiig the ques- 
tion whether he shall not raise the Democratic flag. I 
hear of no man of much influence or intelligence of either 
party who is the open friend of Lane, but on the contrary 
that all such in both counties are zealously for me; but 
an anxirty prevails among my friends that he will out- 
cloctionoer and beat me among the non-frccholdcrs. I can 
not see good grounds for these fears. I hear very cheering 
accounts from Alamance and believe I shall have little 
trouble if no Democrat comes into the field ; and am by no 
means sure that the appearance of a democrat would not 
produce a rally of our party friends on me. I look upon 
a four weeks tour of electioneering with such a vile com- 
l)etitor as Lane with anything but pleasurable anticipa- 
tions, but I am resolved to keep my temper and hope to 
l)cat him bad enough to keep him out of anybody's way in 
the future. 

What are the prospects in your neighborhood ? Will B. 
Craven be agains^me, and if so, how many can he carry ? 


To John M. Dick} 

AsHEBOBo^ Jvly Bth, 1858. 
You will have heard that I am a candidate for the Leg- suggMtions as to 

° his raccenor as 

islature and consequently must resign my onice as Clerk cierk and Master, 
and Master to the judge who is to ride this circuit this Fall. 
I know of no one who desires the appointment and would 
like to have Mr. Foster, Mr. Long or my son-in-law, J. J. 
Jackson, appointed, who upon the contingency of my de- 
feat or on my return from the Legislature would resign 
so that I might be ro-appointed if it should be the pleasure 
of the Court. 

Will you do me the favor to let me know which of the 
<l udges is to ride this Circuit this Fall ? 

*.Tohn M. Dick, of Guilford county, was a Superior Court Judge, 
who bad been on the bench for many years. 

68 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

To B. F. Moore.' 

AsuKuouo, Au(/, 7th, ISdS, 

appSnSnentof*^ ^^^^ ^^*" '*"^'^ perccivoil that ] uiii olt'cttMl \)y u very 
cferk and Mwtar. {^.g^j majority, l)catiiig luy Whig opixuuiir, Laiiu, 1,05(5, 

and my democratic opponent about 500. I did not learn 
that no successor was appointed for Ellis- till I got your 
letter, and innuediately wrote Judge SauniU^rs enclosing 
my resignation to all the judges couched in the terms you 
suggested. I have heard nothing from him. 

If democratic feeling runs too strong for the judge to 
appoint Foster, as I requested, get him to appoint my son- 
in-law, Samuel S. Jackson. He is temporarily a tutor at 
Chapel Hill, expecting to return to this place, which is his 
residence, and resume the prucliee of (he hiw sodu, and I 
would be glad if tho appointment were conferred <ni him 
for his own lK>ne(it at next Fall Term. I (hssire this only 
in case the judge should make objections to appointing 
Foster for political reasons. " '" ""^"•**^^-^^. 

I am embarrassed as to my resignu i<»n but say nolhiug 
about it, even to my friends, and i)resume nothing will be 
said unless Judge Saunders or the successor of tludge KIlis 
shall bring it to the attention of others. Will they do so ? 
Under the very large majority in my favor and considering 
that I have done all I could to resign I trust they will not 
be disposed to occasion the trouble and inconvenience and 
expense which might possibly grow out of it, if the? matter 
should acquire any notoriety. If you can in any way serve 
me in this matter, consistent with what you (^eem proper 
on your part and mine, I shall be much obliged. 

1 H. V. Moore, of Wako, one of the leading Whi|>;s, and one of the 
ablest lawyers in the State. 

* John W. Ellis, of Uowau, the prosidint; judge of the district and 
the Democratic candidate for governor. He defeated D. K. McRoe, 
of Cumberland. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 69 

1*0 11. M. Saunders.^ 

AsiiKMORO^ Aug, 28th, 1868. 
I inclosed to li. F. Moore, Esqr., al)ont the 20th inst., my Rcgiirdingrerign*. 

' ^ ' ' «/ tion OS Clerk and 


resiguation of the office of Clerk and Master in Equity for J{5S5tomt*oV*^ 
this Conntj', addressed to the judge next to ride this cir- 
cuit, to be delivered to the judge who might be appointed 
su<v(»ssor to fludgc Kllia. When the appointment of a suc- 
iTsaor to .Fudge Ellis Avas postponed till after the 5th Aug. 
Air. Moore wrote me that he would send my resignation 
to you, which I suppose he did, and on the 2d Aug. I in- 
closed to you another resignation addressed to any and 
every judge in tlie State. I presume you received both 
resignations, but no successor has been appointed by Judge 
llrath, so far as \ ean learn, to fill the vacancy till Court. 
From the date of my first resignation 1 have ceased to act, 
an<l there are nmny things highly necessary to be done in 
the office before Court. It has occurred to me that you 
may have forgotten to hand the resignation to Judge Heath. 

r hope some one may be appoiute<l lo fill the vacancy 
till Court. 1 suggested Mr. Alfred Foster. If the sug- 
gestion should not snit, my son-in-law, S. S. Jackson, now 
a tutor at Chai)el Hill, would accept. If neither should be 
suitable, I hope some other fit person may be appointed 
without delay. 

Will you please inform me how this matter stands and 

To Thomas lluflin, Jr. 

AsHEBORO^ Avg. 28th, 1868. 

* R. M. Saunden was a Judge of the Superior Court. 

*Tlioma8 Kuflin, Jr., a son of Chief Justice Kufrm, was Solicitor of 
the judicial district of which Uandolph was a part. 

60 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

F. Moore my resignation as clerk and master of this 
County, directed and to be delivered to such successor. 
The time for the appointment of his successor was post- 
poned till after the election. On learning this from lifr. 
Moore I inclosed on the 2d Aug. to Judge Saunders my 
resignation, addressed to any and every judge in North 
Carolina. Mr. Mason wrote me that he and Mr. Badger 
thought this would be sufficient. I take it he delivered the 
first resignation to Judge Saunders. I have considered 
myself as out of office since my first resignation, and have 
not since acted. There are a good many things which 
ought to be done in the office before Couii;. No successor 
has been appointed. I desired that my friend Alf. G. 
Foster should be appointed, who would resign and let me 
resume the office on my return from tho Legislature. I 
know no one fully competent to fill it My son-in-law, 
Sam. Jackson, now a tutor at Chapel Hill, expects to re- 
turn here soon and resume the practice of the law. If the 
judge prefer it the appointment might be conferred on 
him, with the view to his regular appointment. I would 
rather he hold that office than to retain it myself. But at 
all events the vacancy should be filled by somebody till 

I am not acquainted with Judge Heath, and do not 
know where to address him. Will you do me the favor to 
see the Judge at the opening of the first Court on this Cir- 
cuit and get him to appoint some one. [Last three lines 
can not be read,] 


To W. L. Springs. 

AsHEBOBo^ Sept. 80th, 1858. 

riSfSStifdSthM ""• l>^'lJ^vo it is conceded that you know l)ctter than any 

other Philadelphian not only what "sort of stuflF is most 
suitable to make josey coats for the common sort of people's 
children in North Carolina, but also the material suited to 


the taste of our better sort of people." Having the honor 
to be a Senator in our next Legislature I want a suit of 
clothes suitable for the occasion. 

Will you give friend Berg the aid of your taste in mak- 
ing the selection; and if you should be sending a box of 
goods to any of my friends in this vicinity pac^ them. If 
not, lot thpui como in n box to nic. 


To John W. 8yme^ 

AsuBBouOj Feb. 22d, 1859. 
I intended to have asked the use of your columns, in R«i«"*tohave 

•^ ^ ' space for reply to 

your next issue, to reply to Mr. Fisher's* communication Jift„So*nof the* 
offered to the Senate on the last night of the session of the ™*^*^'- 
Legislature by the Speaker of the Senate, but other im- 
perative duties have compelled me to postpone it for a few 
days. This communication derives dignity only from the 
fact that the Speaker, the Hon. W. S. Ashe and Hon. Bed- 
ford Brown and othci*s deemed it a proper document to bo 
presented to the Senate and printed, without reading, by 
ordiT of the Senate. Any sensible man who will read the 
report of the committee, signed by four of its members and 
endorsed as to its facts and the manner. of ascertaining 
them by the fifth, and this communication which, without 
colorable grounds, singles me out as the object of Mr. 
F.'s nialicx^, will 8(K5 tliat not a fact in the report is met 
by anything but the ipse dixit of Mr. Fisher, opposed 
to the report of the committee. 

I shall *at an early day reply to the communication 
which, both in its matter and manner, is an insult to the 

* Editor of the Kalefgh ReSilster, the leading Wliig paper of Uie 

'Cliaries F. Fislior, President of tlie Nortli Carolina Railroad Com- 
pany. The road had been long in control of the Democratic party, 
and there were accusations of gross mismanagement. Mr. Worth had 
secured a committee of investigation, of which he was chairman. 

62 North Cauolina IIistorioal. Commission. 

Legislature whose committee, through me, is arrogantly 
' assailed. 

It is not supposed that the Speaker would present or 
the gentlemen referred to ask the printing of such a paper 
without knowing its contents, I shall therefore treat it as 
a document couched in terms which Messrs. Ashe, Brown 
and others of the party deemed respectful to the Genl. 

Please insert this note in your next issue. 

To John W. Syme. 

AsHEBORo^ Mar, 2d, 1859. 

ra^u>Mrfn&er. ^ ^SiVQ been quite unwell and so occupied with business 

and visitors that I have Ixh^i unable (o Ih'sIow proper car(^ 
on my reply to Mr. Fisher. It is longer than I could wish 
and y4'l I leave nuuiy of his asserliiiUH unanswered. I 
have not time to transcribe it and improve and abbreviate 
it. If you think it too long or for any other reason decline 
to publish it, please return it to me by mail, and I will 
refund the postage. 

I regard it not in the light of a personal matter, but the 
attempt to procure an order of the Senate to j)rint, without 
reading, a document abounding in offensive and insulting 
ex])re8sion8 to a committee, or, if they choose, to me as 
chairman. It is the most insolent attem])t by a party 
niajority to degrade and insult a minority of wliieli 1 
have any recollection in legislation. 

To Messrs. Long and Sherwood.^ 

AsiiEBORO, Mar. 2d, 1859. 
inroffanitorupiy T have iKieu uiueli iudisposiMl since my return from Ka- 

to l^r. FlHhcr. ^ . 

leigli, and with the ])ress of luisiness long ]>ostponed havi^ 
not found time to reply to Fisher. ITis communication 

I Editors and pubHshers of the Greensboro Patriot and Flag. 


irt too iilTiMiHivo iiud pointless to justify iiiu lu reply iug 
but for his endorsers, Clark, Ashe, Brown and others. I 
shall send my reply in the first instance to the Regisler, 
because I shall direct a portion of it to those Senators who 
proi>osed to print it, without reading, by order of the Sen- 
ate, and Iwcause it is the central Whig paper. My pref- 
erence wouhl be to publish it through your paper, which 
I tliink is rulitknl to the l.haukH of the Stale for the nnnily 
stand you long since took and have steadily maintained 
sigainst the little president.. It is principally written — is 
long and the Register may decline to publish it. I do 
\\o\ie the time is near at hand when the Whigs may have 
a paper at Kaleigh worthy of their patronage. 

I observe by a memo, in my possession that Mr. Flan- 
nor paid mo $2, his subscription for my report which 
you are ])rinting. Is it marked paid on the list I left with 
you ? If it is not so marked mark it paid. Ixjt me know 
and I will send it to you. 

To Jo. Holt. 

AsiiEBOKo, Mar. 3d, 1S60. 

I think I sent you a copy of my report on the affairs Accompanying a 
of the North Carolina Rail Road. It has been assailed report 
by Fisher with such unbecoming abuse aiul the deuioc- 
rary of the Senate atteui|)t.nd so gross an insult on uie as 
a Sc»nator by attempting to print, by order of the Senate, 
without reading, this indecorous reply, that I have felt 
much solicitude to know how my report has been received 
bv my Alamance constituents. I hope I shall never be 
asked to l>e a candidate again, and my solicitude there- 
foiv springs from no wish to ask further honors at their 
bands, hut only from a desire to deserve the extraordinary 
cHinfidence they repose in me. As the Road runs through 
your County and the report has attracted much attention 
iri*ncrally, I suppose, it must have attracted a good deal 


of attention. I think there is not a fact in it which can 
not be sustained. I have not heard a word from my Ala- 
mance friends. 

To Peter D. Swain. 

AsHEBOBo^ Ma^\ 3d, 1859. 

ttSn'w to'^wTSf ^ ^^^ y^^ ^^ ^^^y *» I c^^^d a copy of my N. C. R R. 
hie report, report. It turned out, as I expected, that Fisher and 

democracy would try to annihilate me. I do not feel in 
the slightest degree damaged, but have a natural desire to 
know how my report is received among my constituents 
of Alamance. 

Please write me on the subject to Fayettoville, where 
I shall 1)0 for the next 8 or 10 days. VTour answer sluill 
be confidential. What do the democrats say ? or are they 

/ think that niy Whig constituents ought to be rather 
pleased with my performance, and such is the feeling in 
Randolph. The preparation of that report cost me much 
labor and much anxiety, and I think I am in a coat of 
mail that the Devil and Democracy can not pierce. 

To 8am/uel L. Holt. 

AsHEBOBo, Mar. Sd, 1859. 
Asking for diBtri- I have been so rudely assailed by Mr. Fisher, and shall 

bution of report •' . . . 

probably be persecuted by his friends with bitterness, that 
I have subscribed for 100 extra copies of my report for 
your County. I think its facts are worth knowing and 
unanswerable, and I owe it to myself that my constituents 
see the report. I have requested Messrs. Long and. Sher- 
wood to send you 100 copies, and ask the favor of you 
to direct them to proper persons and have them sent out 
from your stores which may take an interest in them. 
I have not heard a word from any of my friends in 


AlamaiicCy and naturally feel solicitous to know whether 
generally, and particularly in this R. R. report, my course 
has been satisfactory to my Alamance friends. 

To Henry T. Clark^ 

AsiiKiioHo^ Afar. 19th, 1869. 
I left home some two weeks airo to attend to some busi- Replying to a let- 

^ ' , k terofoxplanaiion. 

ncss in Guniberlaud and Harnett Counties and have just 
rctunicd aud read your letter of the 3d inst. I regret 
that I did not receive it before I sent my communication 
to the Register. From your uniform courtesy to me I 
was amazed at yonr presenting Mr. Eisher's communica- 
tion to tho Renal e, abounding in terms so gi'ossly offensive 
to nie, and Iioped tliat you liad done so, confiding in Mr. 
Fisher's sense of decorum, without reading it; and I hoped 
you would have said so to me if not to the Senate. Re- 
ceiving no such communication I was bound to presume 
that you know its contents. I had good reason to know 
that Mr. Ashe had read it. It was so indecorous in its 
terms that I felt not less indignant as a man than as a 
Senator at being thus treated. I certainly entertain to- 
ward you the kindest personal feelings, and after your 
explanation they are not less so than before. I know 
you were harrassed during the last night — ^I was unusually 
excited — ^bnt T trnst that I then and at all other timer* 
behaved with decorum. I do not remember your private 
request that I would confine my remarks to so much of 
the letter as had been read, but my recollection is that 
you made this remark to me on the floor. 

I trust you will feel that under the circumstances I 
have done you no injustice. I certainly think that until 
I reed, your letter I was bound to presume you knew the 

* Henry Toole Clark of Edgecombe, Speaker of the Senate. He was 
again elected to this position in 1860, and, upon the death of Gov. 
Ellis in 1861, became ex-oQicio Governor. 


66 NoBTH Cabolina Hibtobioal Commission. 

contents of the communication. They were highly in- 

On my part now not an unkind fooling exists towani 

I have not road a newspaper in ton chiya, and I i\o not 
know what has been said, and I write at once because the 
mail leaves this evening and I wish at once to answer 
your letter. It may be due to you that I address a note 
to the press setting forth the facts of your letter. You 
may have already published them. 

To John A. Oilmer. 

AsiiEHOuo, Mar. 20th, 185D. 

ooniY^ntfon!'^^^ ^ ^'^ disaster to us just as tlio dawn of hope is visible 

in tho conduct of Waddell, bnt I boliovo that snob is tlic^ 
present ardor of our party that we can unite on you and 
be triumphant, even if we can not prevail on him to 
withdraw. My plan for this County is to make a speech 
at Court and exhort our people in each school district at 
the election on Uio firat Saturday in April to elect one 
delegate to meet here on a certain day and select delegates 
to a district convention. With proper effort the same 
thing might be done in all the counties. Such a conven- 
tion would be imposing and would silence opposition to 
its action. If it be not one of imposing character much 
of the prejudice created by Qenl. Dockery still exists and 
a domagogno may make it available to a dangorons ex- 
tent. I can almost pledge myself that Itandolph will 
give her full strength in the right direction in any event. 

Bxprenionor I confess that I am gratified with the remarks you 

appreciation of . 

approval In Fiaher make as to mv Fisher controversy. It has given me more 

contTOTeny. *^ . 

anxiety than I am willing to confess. For a long time 
I have sought to be retired from political strife. In this 
instance I am assailed by the dominant party, my motives 
assailed, my labors imputed to the Greensboro clique and 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 67 

rloniocratic knaves nud my report nnd reply excluded 
from all democratic papers. A consciousness of having 
discharged faithfully and fairly a duty requiring much . 
more firmness and a belief that I have rendered this ser- 
vice to the State would sustain me, but words of approval 
from intelligent friends are in this matter unusually 
/i^rntofnl to jiie. I think Fishor is not loss fool than knave, 
nnd iK'gin to bcliovo this is the conclusion likely to bo 
reached by the public Speaker Clark has written me a 
friendly letter apologizing for his course. lie says he 
had not read F.'s communication. So far as I can hear 
I have not only not suffered among my Randolph con- 
stituents, but am far more popular than I ever was. I 
have not heard a word from Alamance. 

I am so excessively oppressed by my multifarious 
duties, neglected by a month's stay at Raleigh, that I have 
no time to spare to defend my reputation itself. I have 
been necessarily absent for the last two weeks, looking 
after my business in Cumberland and Harnett, and have 
neither had time nor opportunity to read the newspapers. 

I hope you will be again returned to Congress. Under 
nil tlio circuniRtan(H« T doom it duo you. 

To William W. HoldenJ^ 

AsTiBBono, Mar, 21, 1860. 
For two weeks past I have been absent from home at- Request for correc- 

, , ^ _ tion of mistake. 

tcmding to private business out of the range of newspapers. 
On my return yesterday I observe that you say you con- 
sider me mistaken as to the fact that a motion was made 
and supported by Messrs. Ashe and others to print, with- 
out reading, Mr. Fisher's communication, I am surprised 
that on this point there should be any misapprehension. 
I was not in the Senate when the subject was last brought 

< W. W. Holden, editor of Raleigh Standard, the organ of the 
Democratlo party. 

68 NoBTH Oasolina Hibtobioai. Commission. 

^ up. When I came in it was being urged by Senators that 
it be printed; that the report of the committee had been 
printed without reading, and therefore it was proper that 
the reply should be printed in like manner. I obtained 
the floor and insisted that there was a marked distinction 
between printing without reading, a report of a com- 
mittee and a paper from any person not ofiicially con- 
nected with the Senate, and distinctly urged that it bo 
read in order that we might see what it was before offering 
it to be printed. Messrs. Qorrcll, Turner and others fol- 
lowed, taking the ground that it ought not to be received 
at all. This was some hour or more before the reading 
was commenced. 

I am persuaded that however we may differ in our po- 
litical notions you would do me no personal injustice, and 
I ask you to re-examine and correct your mistake. I am 
certain I am not mistaken and very sure that on inquiry 
you will find that you are mistaken. 

I desire to avoid further newspaper discussion especially 
with Mr. Fisher, whose most potent weapon is uncivility. 

I perceive no impropriety or imbecoming egoism in 
my buying of you 600 copies of my report, and it being a 
personal transaction I do not quite see why it should have 
appeared in the Standard. It was true, however, and I 
do not complain. 

[P. S.] — This is not intended for publication or com- 
munication through the press. 

To Messrs. Long and Sherwood, 

AsHEBORO, Mar, 22d, 1859. 
RegMdingpobiica- I have recd. from Mr. Ramsey, the Senator from Rowan 

tlon of his railroad , ^ . , . , . , i .1 • i_ xi. x 

rorartasapAiii- and Davie, a letter m which he expresses the wish that 

my reply to Fisher should be published in pamphlet form, 
and says he will be a subscriber for it. Whether others 
appreciate it so highly I do not know, but I am assailed 


with 80 much malice and believe my report and my reply 
so impregnable that I would like to have some extra 
copies of the reply, say 100, if it be deemed worth while 
to publish it in pamphlet form. If it should not, then 
send me as many extra numbers of your paper containing 
it as $4 will buy. 

Indo])ondcnt of the points which have boon discussed I 
think tlio tabular statements annexed to my report will 
be most efficient instruments in the hands of our stump 
orators. The reply fortifies the report, and the demo- 
crats, in defending Fisher and assailing my report, are 
playing into the hands of our party. 

At first I am the magnus Apollo— the other members 
of the committee are treated as ciphers — of late I am 
treated as a mere tool in the hands of the Greensboro 
clique and Fries and McLean. I have not been enough 
accustomed to such low abuse to feel entirely unmoved, 
but I trust I have maintained my dignity and sustained 
fully every position of my report. Fisher has less sense 
than even his enemies accord to him, and no breeding. I 
hope you will send me by Mr. Qorrell or Gilmer my share 
of my reports. 

I wrote you that Mr. Flanner had paid me $2, and I 
was not sure whether I paid it over to you. 

Donnell, Blount & Flanner wanted their copies put up 
in one box and sent by B. B. to Mr. Donnell. 

All will be right for Gilmer in this Oounty. 

To John TapscoiL 

AsHBBOBo^ Apt, 9th, 1859. 

I send you a copy of the report on the N. C. R Bead, ^^f^^ 
It relates to a matter in which the public feel an interest 
It has been made a party matter, not by my agency, but 
for the purpose of assailing me with abuse and thus im- 
pairing its effect. No democratic paper has published 


NoBTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

it, while they have published Mr. Fisher's abusive replies. 
Is this fair ? Does it ^hibit willingness that the public 
shall learn the truth t I think you are a fair-minded man 
and I hope you will read it You will see in it evidence, 
which can not be controverted, that this road has been 
grossly mismanaged. The report is signed by two Whigs 
.and two democrats. Party should have nothing to do 
with it. I hope you will consider it on its merits. 

Criticism of Mr. 

To 0. 0. MenderJioU.^ 

AsHEBORO^ Apl. 10th, 1859. 

I have rccd. rishci''8 communicntion. It would bo easy 
to expose the fallacy, but his writings are too undignified to 
warrant any furllior ifontrovorHy witli hiui. His allega- 
tions — ^the burden of his last communication — that I 
garbled, his report of 1867, suppressing that part of the 
sentence relating to the wood contracts which recites that 
the wood was bought under direction of Engineers, is 
false. The whole sentence, including the line he says I 
suppressed, is set forth in my report Ue is not less silly 
than underbred, and, having abandoned the rules of good 
breeding in his writings, I can not continue the contro- 
versy with him. Judge C* and others who deem his last 
"a most triumphant vindication" may enjoy their gratula- 
tions without disturbance from me. 

Regarding Whig 
ortnuitsaUon and 

To George W. Little.^ 

AsHEBORO, Apl. 11th, 1859. 
1 have heard nothing since I left Raleigh as to the or- 

^ Geoi^e O Mendenhall was lawyer and a prominent citizen of Guil- 

* Probably Jud^e D. F. Caldwell of Rowan. 

* A prominent Whig of Wake county. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 71 

ganization of our party and our proposed paper. I shall 
remit the $160 which I pledged for Randolph and Ala- 
iiiaiicc whenever notified that our plans are to be carried 
out. I have collected nothing, waiting to see if our plans 
were to be carried into effect. 

I hope you will stir up our friends and let us not fail. 
We shall defeat onr op|HineiHH if we ^loonr duly. 

Vou will have seen the ])tierile and malignant efTnsion 
of Fisher in reply to my report, etc. It produces among 
my constituents only ridicule and disgust. Democracy 
has missed it in making Fisher their pet. 


To Wm. F. Fries.' 

AsiiEBouo^ A pi, 16th, 1859, 
Yours of the 12th inst. came to hand yesterday. I have DiwuMionof reia- 

, , , tlona between them 

Iktu most rigidly eonfinc»<l in bringing up my neglected *" ^*^'''**'"^ 

business, so that for some time 1 have wholly withdrawn 

my attention from the press. I did not see Afr. Fisher's 

communication of the 18th Mar. till this week. I had not 

seen his appendix to the communication laid on our table 

the day we adjourned till after I had sent oflf my reply. 

In that appendix printed in tho papers (the Standard 

omits it) Mr. Fisher speaks of my having been aided in 

my insjyection by certain democrats, but as I have not 

the paper before mo I do not pretend to quote his words. 

I have heard that it was supposed that he alluded to you 

and McLean. 

To the best of my recollection neither you nor McLean 
nor any other democrat, outside of the committee, fur- 
nished one fact or put me in pursuit of a fact which ap- 
pears in my report 

You and I were thrown into much intercourse during 
the session, partly in your room, partly in nyne and else- 

' Member of the House of Commons from Forsyth. 

72 North Carolina Histosioal Commission. 

where, in discharge of the duties of the Finance Com- 
mittee, and after Mr. F.'s system of frustrating the in- 
vestigation was fully developed; being on terms of inti- 
mate intercourse with you and you being chairman of a 
similar committee I think I told you freely my trouble. 
You always spoke of him in higher terms of personal re- 
spect than / thought he deserved ; I moan that I thought 
after my investigation had made me acquainted with his 
character. I think you spoke of him as every businosM 
man IhiiJcs, as being totally in(;om}K!teiit to manage a 
Rail Road. This was in social conversation. It was not 
intended to prejudice my mind. The examination of his 
reports satisfied me on this point better than the united 
operations of 50 of the best business men in the State. 

If I have alluded to anything you nuiy have said to 
me on this subject, if I have repeated anything you have 
said, it has escaped my recollection. Tliough the consulta- 
tions between us were not expressly confidential they were 
open, frank expressions of opinion in the social circle, not 
intended for the public; but nothing said on either side 
which either of us might fear to say in the public car. I 
will not say that I may not have alluded to some of your 
remarks, but I can recall nothing to mind except that I 
recollect remarking to some one, who was commenting on 
the stringent provisions of your bill creating a commis- 
sion to investigate the affairs of Atlantic Road, that I had 
acquainted you with my troubles and your bill provided 
a remedy for the obstacles which had l)oen thrown in my 
way. So far from your suggesting to me the amenihnont 
I proposed to. the Atlantic bill, I remember your coming 
to me and expressing your fears that my amendment would" 
defeat the bill, because it would have to go back to the 
Commons. The amendment was suggested . to me by no- 
body. It suits the purpose of Mr. F. and those who wish 
to sustain him to attack me, not my report, and to affect 
me they use very opposite arguments. At one time I am 
the only man on the committee worthy of consideration — 


the consoquoiitial cliairmnn who docs all the work — tlio 
olhora 8nl)scrvi(»iit tools who endorse my report without 
knowing whether its statements are true or false. At an- 
other I am poor simple Jonathan Worth, having no other 
claim to the notice of the president save the fact that I 
was a Senator; at another time I am represented as the 
tool of the "Cirecnslwro clique." Then as being influenced 
by some ancient grudges of the Fisher and Worth families 
against each other ; and finally I am held up as a monster 
of ingratitude, Fisher having voted for me for Congress 
in 1841 and now I ignore his acquaintance. I looked for 
all this stuff. It is on a par with the source whence it 
springs. Mr. Fisher's writings are not indicative of an 
irascible, irritated, bad-talented and well-bred man, but 
of a conceited, ill-bred upstart. It would be undignified 
for mc to continue the contest with him through the press. 

The press is the only index we have of public sentiment. 
Not a democratic paper in the State has published my 
report. Every one I have seen or heard of has published 
Air. Fisher's replies or referred to him in terms of appro- 
bation. ITo is tho denioorntic ])ct, nnd must bo sustained, 
no odds how much tho iHM)ph; suffer. Tho report can not be 
answered. No one who reads it can fail to see tliat he is 
an arrogant and unmannerly man, wholly incompetent 
to manage a Bail Bead. You are looked to by many of 
the stockholders as his successor, and this, I suppose, is 
the reason of the attack on you. 

I consulted you on one occasion only. I found a finan- 
cial report on the records of the Directory which I could 
not understand. I knew you had been a director and I 
asked you to go to my room and assist me in deciphering 
it. You compli(ul, nnd we wore trying to come at its mean- 
ing when Mr. West called on me for the book. We could 
not make sense of it because, as I believe, it had no sense 
in it. I did not allude to it in my report. You did not 
say or do anything to induce me to send or retain the / 

book, so far as I remember. 












74 NoBTii Carolina IIistorioal Commission. 

Nobody, save the other members of the committee, is 
responsible in the smallest degree for any fact in the re- 
port or the manner of stating them save myself. No demo- 
cratic knave or anybody else attempted to influence me, 
or could have done it, if he had. 

You are at liberty to show this to any person you please, 
but I am not willing to get into the newspapers on the 

Will you inform me from what source this report 
emanated ? 

To I. H. FousV 

AsuKiioiu), Aph ISIh, 1850. 

i^nSSpShcr" ^ ^ ''^^® concluded that the gross juMsonalities of Fisher 

absolve me from any obligation to take any further notice 
of him. My report and reply cover the whole ground. 
Anything further would be mere personality which would 
disgust the public. I have felt deeply the responsibility 
of my position, but the assurance of all my intelligent 
friends from every part of the State, the approval of all 
my constituents, so far as I have heard, and above all the 
refusal of every democratic journal to publish my report 
or reply, while all of them will publish F.'s communica- 
tion or make remarks condemning me and approving him, 
make ample amends for my solicitude. This proves that 
they are unwilling that their readers slinll luivo a elinncH^ 
to form correct conclusions. 

* Isaac IT. FouBt of Reed Creek, Randolph county, a racn^hant and 
cotton manufacturer, lie was a member of the Uouse of Commons 
in 1800. 


To V. F. Caldwell.' 

AsiiEBORO, Julf/ 20lh, 1859. 
Yours of the 17 th inst is received. I was not disap- BxprewinB: sur- 

^ wise at action of 

pointed in F.'s election. I gathered from the Standard ^^J^^^^^ 
some weeks ago that this edict had gone forth. He was 
the pet of the party and it felt bound to sustain him. Dem- 
<H*rai*y long hIiuh^ t(M>k the N. (\ R. K. in cluirge and made 
Gov. Morehead resign to make a place for this pet ; but I 
confess that I am surprised beyond measure that Whigs, 
and esjjecially Gov. Morehead, should give their endorse- 
ment to the action of democracy by giving them aid to re- 
elect this democratic pet whose incompetency is so palpable 
that none but the selfish blind can fail to see it. I hope 
you are mistaken in the fact that Gov. M. approves the 
re-election of F. If you are correct in this it seems so ex- 
traordinary that I shall be unable to account for it until 
I receive some new light. The maladministration of the 
Road under democratic management was becoming so well 
known among the people tliat some hope was entertained 
that it would lead to the overthrow of this corrupt party; 
but if onr great Whig h»ador, who has boon the victim of 
this democratic assumption of control over the road, lends 
them his endorsement^ the attempt to expose the malad- 
ministration of the road by your paper, the investigating 
committee and others will recoil on us. It produces, in 
any view I can now take of it, extreme mortification and 
surprise. ]Jut let us hope on and struggle on and truth 
must ultimately prevail. 

^ David F. Oaldwell of Greensboro. He was a member of the 
Hotne of Commons from 1S48 to ISSO, and again in 1864. / 



To Cyrus P. MendenhalV 

AsHEBOBo, Oct. 26tli, 1859. 

SSS?i^ewi?**"" ^^^^^ *^® ^^^* "^^^y meeting of the Stockholders of the 
paper. jf Q jj jj^ in which Mr. Fisher received not only tho 

vote of his party hut the vote also of many of the large 
Whig Stockholders, I have felt that that vote was a tri- 
umph for him and a rebuke to me; and seeing in a late 
No. of the Patriot and Flag that the editors proposed to 
resume tho discussion of the N. C. K. R., I sut down and 
wrote hastily the article over "Plebs," published 7 Oct. 
Mr. Fisher has demanded and Mr. Long has given him 
my name as the writer. In what way I am to be assailed 
I know not. The only matter about which I feel any 
anxiety is a fear tliat I may have gon(^ {oo far as to Mr. 
F.'s using tlio N. C. K. U. shops to his personal benefit 
as a contractor on the Western lload and getting his iron 
and other material transported at $2 per ton in 100 ton 
lots. Will you do me the favor to read the article over 
"Plebs'' carefully and inform me whether in the matter 
to which I refer or in any other I have fallen into any 
error as to facts, because I wish to do no injustice to F. 
or anybody else, and if I am in error I wish to note it to 
that extent. I felt sure I was right when writing, but it 
has since occurred to me as possible that the account for 
work in the Shops and the transportation account may 
have been altogether for the Western Road and none of 
it for Mr. Fisher as a contractor. 

Your auswor shall l)o strictly coufidoutial as I would 
by no means involve you. I only write to be sure I am 
right, and then I fear nothing. If I am wrong I wish 
to correct the error. I wrote Mr. Gilmer by last mail in- 
forming him that I wrote ''Plebs." No other person but 

1 Cyrus P. Mendenhall, a lawyer of Greensboro. He was a Whig 
in politics. He was for many years county attorney of Guilford and 
was for nine years Treasurer of the North Carolina Railroa<l Com- 
pany. He was also a bank president. He was a member of the 
House of Commons in'1860. 


him and the editors know from me the author. I now 
think that it was best that Mr. Long gave my name to !F. 
I shall probably have to appear over my own name in the 
papers. It is no use now to debate the question whether 
it was prudent or polite to write the article. The question 
is, did I do F. or anybody else injustice. If I did I ought 
to own it ; if I did not, then to defend my positions. 

Any sug^tions you may deem it expedient to make 
will be duly appreciated. 


I'o Jamxcs A. Long. 

AsHEBORo, Nov. 1st, 1869. 

On reflection I think your course in declaring my name in regard to 
at once to Mr. F. was the proper one, but this contingency, pecinrattonofin- 

, , o 1/ ' tention to carry on 

my name being made public, did not occur to me when ^k*^*- 
writing it or some portions of the article would have been 

I have heard nothing from Mr. F. excepting what you 
wrote me and choose to preserve the incog, until it becomes 
iicircssary to lay it aside. 

I have got into this war and will fight out as best I 
can. It is my intention if the Whigs of Alamance hold 
a convention and ask me to be a candidate, to run, — other- 
wise not; and no contrivance or effort will be made on 
my part to bring about such nomination. But if thus 
called upon I owe it to them to run, and in that case I will 
give Fisher and democracy their due if I can. 


To C. B. MalUU. f 

AsHEBORO^ Nov. kill, 1859. 

After the July meeting of the Stockholders of N. C. 
B. R., in which Governor Morehead voted with democracy 
to sustain Fisher, I felt that it was a triumph to Fisher. 

78 NoBTu Cakot.ina Histobioal Commission. 

I was informed by an intelligent^ credible man that Gov- 
ernor M. assigned as his reason for that vote that Jno. 
C. McRae & Co. had made F. president; that F. was so 
managing the road as to bring it to ruin ; and that he had 
voted for F. in order that by that ruin Jno. C. McRae & 
Co. might lose their 885 shares of stock. I knew this was 
a reason assigned which did not control his vote. I do not 
know the true reason but I suppose some powerful per- 
sonal motive impelled him. This and the taunt of the 
Standard — "where is Mr. Worth" — incited me; and see- 
ing an announcement in the Greensboro P. and F, the lat- 
ter part of Sept that the editors were about to re-open the 
discussion as to the N. C. R. R. I sat down and hastily 
Tiie ;'Pi«bi>* wrote the article over "Plebs" and inclosed it to the edi- 

tors, authorizing the editors to uho any of ils facts or 
reasoning editorially, to abridge it, publish it as it was« 
or throw it in tho fire, as they might doom expedient, but 
requested that my name be incog, that I had not grown 
callous to the attacks of the press. I wished the article 
to pass for what it was worth. I intended no one should 
know I wrote it. No one knew it confidentially. The 
editors published it; Mr. Fisher demanded of Mr. T^ong 
the name of the writer. Mr. Long refused to give it if 
it was wanted to hold up tho writer to the animadversions 
" of the press. He replied that it was to hold the author 
"responsible," denouncing him as a coward, liar, etc. Mr. 
Long gave my name, and F. is out in the last Banner giv- 
ing my name to the public and promising shortly to ex- 
]H)sc, nus d(;ii1in^ out liis jcH^rn in his nnusniilly libonil 
style. 1 shall have to reply to his connnunication, when it 
appears, and to that end want a few facts which I think 
you can furnish. Your name is in no event to be fur- 
nished. I will involve no friend in a controversy of mine, 
but I feci tliat in tho conscientious discharge of a public 
duty I have been very grossly maltreated and that there 
was no indecorum or impropriety in my writing the article 
"Plebs" under the circumstances. I think it probable 


tlic Palriol of to-<1ay will contain the correapondcnce be- 
twoon I/mg and F, Long is very indignant at F/s use 
of my name* tlirongh the press. 

The points about which I want information from you 
are : What was the value of R, R. iron in N. Y. 10 June, 
1858 ? When did you buy and what did you pay? What 
freight did you pay to Wilmington? I mean ocean 
froi^ht, insiirinior and all otli(»r cxponHos, to land the iron 
in Wilmington? 

Tho following arc Turner's estimates on the 23.4G miles 
of road which F. contracted to build: 

899.462 cubic yds. of earth excavated at BBttmateon rail. 

•^ rood ooliBtrucUon. 

$17.02 $161,264.00 

138.520 cubic yds. of rock excavated at" $80. . 110,816.00 
6.270 cubic yils. of arch, culvert and bridge 

masonry at $6.66 41,807.70 

5.231 yds. dry stone masonry at $3.30 17,261.00 

Now I do not understand by this estimate tliat anything 
is allowed for fill. If it means tliat the contractor is to 
receive pay only for excavations, and this is to cover the 
entire expense of grading, making fills and all, which I 
suppose is its meaning, it would be a low estimate, would 
it not ? How do these estimates correspond with yours ? 
What do you pay for track-laying? What is your esti- 
mates for turn-outs? What do chains, spikes, etc., cost 
you per milo? 

Any facts f may safely assert tending to show this esti- 
mate extravagant. 

Mr. Tx)ng suggests to me that I should address the Ob- 
server and ask the editors to make defense for me. I have 
confidence they will act on the premises as they may deem 
right, with favorable prepossessions for me, and will make 
no personal apjwal. I desire to be sustained only so far 
as the merit* of the case may warrant and will put no 
friend in an unpleasant position by asking him to do for 
ine what his judgment may not approve. I intend to be 

80 KoRTii Cabolina HrsTO&iOAL. Commission. 

right. If I find I have committed any error, I will re- 
tract it. If not, I expect to maintain mj position and 
do not doubt the Observer and other friends will give mo 
all due support. 

To Tod B. Caldwell^ 

AsHBBORO, N. C, Nov. 4th, '59. 

SXS'fo?"iii'^' My 11. R, report contained undubitablo facts, drawn 
•gainst Fiaher. £^^^ ^^ record, that 0. F. Fisher was an unfit man for 

president of a Boad. His communication to the Senate 
was couched in terms unbecoming any man, and ought 
to have been n^gardod as an insult to tlint IxMly. ITo was 
re-elected last summer, Jno. W. Thomas, Gov. Morehead 
and others voting for him. I felt tliat this was a triumph 
for him and an indirect reproof to me, and as Mr. F.'s 
style of writing is so grossly offensive and any communi- 
cation for the press over my name might be attributed to 
personal ill feeling, I wrote an article, "Plebs," published 
in the Greensboro Patriot of 7th Oct., intending to vindi- 
cate my report, in which I reviewed Outlaw's report as 
to the contract from Hale's to Morgauti)ii. Mr. FishcM*. 
professing to regard this as an intrusion into his personal 
affairs, demanded the name of the writer; the editor fur- 
nished it with the promise that my name was furnished 
not for animadversions through the pi'ess, but that he 
might hold me "responsible." ITo has published an ar- 
ticle in the Banner, giving to the public my name as the 
writer with the usual quantity of jeering appellations, an- 
nouncing his purpose to reply to my article. I shall neces- 
sarily have to maintain my position, or retract them if I 

^ Tod K. Caldwell, a lawyer of Burke, one of the most uncompro- 
mising Whigs in the State. After the war he became a Republican, 
was elected Lieutenant-Governor, suooeeded Holden upon the latter's 
impeachment, and was elected Governor over A. S. Merrimon in 
1872. He died in 1874. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 81 

am in any error. My commentary is based exclusively 
on the facts that appeared in Outlaw's and my report. 
Now my purpose in addressing you is to learn when this 
Injunction, at the instance of yourself and others vs. the 
Justices of Burke, was granted. Was it obtained before 
or after the 10th June, 1868 ? And to ask you for any 
information in relation to the contr'not for constructing 
llio Kotid from lliilc's U> Morgnnton which you may think 
it would be proper for me to state in justice to parties and 
the public, or in vindication of myself. I do not desire 
you in any way to involve yourself in the controversy. 
Your name is in no event to be used privately or publicly. 
I dcsiro to do right and will not be deterred by any false 
pride, from acknowledging any error into which I may 
liavc fallen, whenever I am satisfied that I am in error. 
If I am right, I wish to defend myself. I did not write 
anonymously to avoid any just responsibility, but to avoid 
a newspaper controversy with a party whose style is so 
clear of anything like courtesy. I wanted the article to 
be considered on its merits. If written over my name, I 
knew Mr. F. and his friends would impute it to personal 
vindictivmess. Could 1 have foreseen that it was •to in- 
volve me in a newspaper controversy with such an adver- 
sary I should certainly have not WTitten it. 


To George Little. 

AsuEBORo, Nov. ithj '69. 

On or about the 11th Oct. I wrote you from Fayette- RcgawiinKcontri- 
ville inclosing check from Archd. McLean, Cashier ofSrt?? ** 
Bank of C. F., for $150 to pay the amount pledged by me 
from the Whigs of this County and Alamance, and re- 
quested you to acknowledge receipt to me here. Did you 
receive this check ? I have not heard from you. I have 
heard Mr. Syme was out denying having made any trade." 

82 North Carolina Historioal Commission. 

I have not received a dollar from my constituents and 
would like to know whether the money is likely to be used 
in the way intended. 

To. Rev. J. O. Ralston. 

AsiiKBouo^ Nov. 51U, 1850. 

jolmBiSlrn^^wf ^owv remarks as to the Harper's Ferry attempt at in- 
surrection induces mo to ask the editors of the FayeUc- 
ville Observer, a paper extensively circulated in this State, 
to send you a copy of their issue of the 3d inst., which I 
have just received, the editorial and selected articles 
being, as I think, a fair specimen of public sentiment as 
to tho shivery question and the lliirpor'a Kerry couuuo- 
tion. The general feeling here is favorable to fraternal 
rehitions witli tho North and 1 send you (liis [mi>cr as soiue 
evidence of this feeling. 


To E. J. Hale and Soius.^ 

AsiiEnoRo, Nov. 5lh, 1859. 

to^SnffiorK!? ^^ ^^^ course of s busiuess correspondence with the 

Rev. J. Qrier Ralston, the head and proprietor of. Nor- 
ristown Female Seminary, Pa., I reed, a day or two ago a 
letter in which ho expresses fears that the oxeesaivo zeal 
of Wise and other impetuous Soulborners uuiy uuir the' 
harmony of feeling Ix^tween North and South otherwise 
likely to grow out of the Harper's Ferry attempt at in- 
surrection. He is a man alike respectable for his learn- 
ing and good sense, and on reading your paper of this 
morning, Nov. .3d, I mean, T liave been so much gratified 
with your editorials and selected articles on this matter 
and the slavery question, that I wish to send him the paper 

> Editors of the Fayetteville Observer. 



as 1 11(1 icn ting what I believe is the prevalent sentiment of 
onr section; bnt I have bnt one No. of your paper and I 
wish to preserve it. Will you do mo the favor to send 
him this No. ? In answering his letter to-day I have said 
to him that I have made his request of you for the purpose 

To Oeorge Little. 

AsHEBOBo^ Nov. 26th, 1869. 

I bought in Fayetteville on the 10th Oct., 1869, two Rj^Jjgj^iw- 
other checks besides the one intended for you, and wrote SSSSiJuriy In the 
letters there enclosing them. to the parties for whom they '*****^>*- 
were intended. None of them reached their destination. 
On o]>ening n biindlo of papers I had with me, a day or 
two ago, 1 found all my letters. By an oversight they 
were not mailed. As the matter now stands I suppose it 
will not be necessary to send the money, as I have not 
reed, a dollar from my constituents; but they will send 
it wli(»n re<iuired. 

Not a single number of the Register is taken at this 
ofliee so T eunnot see Mr. Syme's article of tho IDlli Oct. 
From what I have heard of it, 1 concur with the recommen- 
dations of your friends who have advised you to let it pass 
in silence. Little influence as the Register has, we can not 
afford to have a contest with him through the press. I 
presume his article has done us no damage. The politic 
c»<litor of the Standard expresses his sympathy with the 
ffegister only to widen tlio breach between us and Mr. 
Synie. I had learned before his article of the 191h, from 
;i reliable source, that Mr. Syme was very indignant at tlie 
fourae of our party towards him, and that he was par- 
ticularly ill-natured toward you. This is very unfortu- 
nate. If another Whig paper be started as our organ in 
lialeigh, I fear we can not put at the head of it a man of 
sufficient standing to procure for it the requisite subscrip- 
Hons, and above all I fear a rupture would occur between 

84 NouTii Carolina Hibtobioal Commission. 

it and the Register. It would require a man of extraordi- 
nary prudence to avoid it. I am sure the executive com- 
mittcc, with far better knowledge of the subject than 1 
possess, will derive no aid from any suggestion of mine. It 
seems to me if Mr. Syme will not sell it, we had better 
give over the idea of starting an organ at Raleigh, make 
up the breach with Mr. Syme, enlarge his subscription 
list, but extend our chief aid to some other journal al- 
ready in existence. Among the papers which I read, the 
Fayetteville Observer is the most efficient. Perhaps suuiu 
aid to all our Whig journals would be the best plan, having 
no special organ. With the sectional tendencies now ex- 
isting there are matters now of extreme delicacy for an 
organ to touch or to leave tvnto^uchcd. Upon tlio whole my 
opinion is that an organ would be cquivalcut to a plat- 
form, that it is impolitic for us to have a platfonn, and 
consequently that we should have no particular organ — 
that the executive committee take steps to bring about a 
thorough organization and that each local organization 
take efficient steps to extend the circulation of such AVhig 
journals as they may severally deem best. 

It has been a custom between this County and Alamance 
to alternate the Senator at every election, but I hear that 
the Wliigs of the latter County contemplate calling upon 
me to run again. My personal preference would be not 
to be-a candidate again for any station, but I have been 
so much abused by Mr. Fisher for my R. R. report, that I 
will come if Alamance calls for me, because, since th(» 
Company has endorsed his courso by an almost uniuiiuioiis 
re-election, I would like to appear before my constituents 
in vindication of my report, which I believe contains 
facts which may be used most efficiently before the people. 
But whether I am a candidate or not I want to do what I 
can to rid the State of democratic misrule, and you may 
rely on my co-operation with you in any plans you may 
adopt to effect this end. 


To Messrs. Long and Sherwood. 

AsTiEBORo, Dec. 3d, 1850. 

I v/ish you to send in one bundle, to Samuel L. Holt, SiSutSn'JJ^**' 
Graham, one-half the number of my reports subscribed reports, 
for by me. He will direct and distribute them for me. 

If there be any chance by a reliable hand, send them by 
Rome* ]NM*Hon who will dolivcu* thorn, rvon if you have to 
wait several days. Cyrus Mendcnhall can manage it for 
me I presume. 

P. S. — The other half send to me here in such way as 
you may deem best. 

For the Oreenshorough Patriot. 

AsiiBBORo, Dec. 9th, 1869. 

To the Editors of the Greensboro Patriot: 

Gentlemen: — The faithful discharge of my duty i^^ theSuSrorw?&^' 
the last liOgislaturc, drew upon me as a Senator, and as an Mr. FWicr. 
individual, the coarsest abuse from the President of the 
North Carolina Railroad. While that abuse seemed to 
Imvc (he sanction of proiuiuent moinbora of the Senate, I 
felt it my duty to take notice of it. When I became satis- 
fied that Mr. Fisher had got before the Senate by false- 
hood and fraud, his abusive assault upon me as a Senator, 
I felt that I should not act with becoming self-respect, if 
1 toi)k any notice of his address to me through the Sali^ 
bury Bamncr of tlie 18th March, in which he brought for- 
ward no new facts or arguments, but employed only his 
favorite newspajMsr— vulgar vituperation and incivility. 
After the July meeting of the stockholders, when he was 
rc-elwied by a very large vote, by which ho insists he was * 
vindicated and I "rebuked," I wrote the article over 
"Plebs," published in your paper of the 7th October. I 
did not seek to avoid any just responsibility, as you have 
already sufficiently shown to your readers, for I gave my 

86 NoBTu Cabot.ina Histobioai. Commission. 

name, and you properly furnished it, without consultation 
or correspondence with me, when Mr. Fisher demanded 
it, under pretense that he wished to hold the writer re- 
sponsible. I desire to discuss matters of public interest 
in a shape in which the merits of the subjects discussed 
would be considered. No friend of mine, save you, knew 
the authorship until you furnished my name upon Mr. 
Fisher's demand. If I in anyway invaded Mr. Fisher's 
private affairs in that article, excepting in their connec- 
tion with matters affecting the public, 1 do not |>ercuiv(? it. 

In the course of a life running over many years, in 
which, as a public man, and a private individual, I have 
had much intercourse with others, Mr. Fisher and a friend 
of his are the only individuals who have ever tn^nted mv 
with i)ersoiial disrespect; and no one, save All*. Kisiier, has 
complained that I have not observed the proprieties of life 
toward him. I have no occasion, therefore, to declare my 
sentiments on dueling. Mr. Fisher was evidently afraid 
I would fight After the ridiculous figure he cut in his 
contest with C. P. Mendenhall, does he expect that he has 
so adjusted the lion's skin about him, that the poor creature 
attempted to be concealed beneath, is not seen by every- 

The public have a deep interest in the matters muler 
discussion between me and Mr. Fisher. I desire to dis- 
cuss them without personal asperity. If the stockholders 
of the North Carolina Railroad, by his re-election, an^ 1*) 
be understood as approving his course, in denying to the 
lA^gislalnre, (ho right to see h(»w lliiil e<M*p(n*alion is man- 
aging the $3,000,000 of money the people have invested 
in it ; if they mean to "rebuke" me as a representative of 
a portion of the people of the State, for exposing the bung- 
ling bookkeeping, and the fraudulent misrepresentation 
by whi<^h tJu^y ol)tain(id from flic Legislature, the act of 
1856; if this vote is to receive the construction, that the 
private stockholders approve the sentiments and the tone 


oi Mr. Fisher's cuiiuuuuication to the Legislature, by which 
he attempted to insult me as a Senator and the committee 
who had approved my report, and the Legislature which 
had unanimously passed my resolution of inquiry, — it ia 
high time that the people understand that they have gone 
into copartnership with aspirants who intend to contemn 
and despise them. 

I am ulN)nt to leave home, and to Ik* absent several 
weeks on business I can not postpone or neglect, without 
prejudice to the rights of others. On my return, with 
your permission, I will review through your columns, the 
facts contained in my report of last winter and the facts 
and positions assumed in my article over "Plebs." Every 
fact in my report is true, and I can maintain them. It is 
(heir Irntb fulness which makes ISlw FiHlier wince. In 
my article over Plebs, the facts are also true, but in one 
particular, I think I have arrived at a conclusion, preju- 
dicial to Mr. Fisher. I have taken measures to satisfy 
myself as to this, from a source more reliable than his as- 
serlions, and sliould I fin<l that I luive in nny ])fn'ticulnr 
fallen info error, I shall, in despite of his contumely, make 
I lie proper amend. 

I discussed Mr. Fisher's contract made 10th June, 1858, 
for building the Western North Carolina Railroad from 
Hale's to Morganton, not to invade Mr. F.'s private 
affairs, but because in various aspects, it was a matter of 
public concern. I find on fuller examination that the 
matter can not be fully underatood, without seeing a copy 
of his contract T shall try to procure a copy. I desire 
to present the truth only, to the public. Mr. Fisher says I 
am "discredited, personally irresponsible," etc. If there 
1k» any vot<»rH in my district, either those* who vohjd for 
me, or those who voted against me, who have censured me 
for originating the investigation, or the part I took in con- 
ducting it, I have not heard of such persons. A few along 
the line whose names may have been introduced in the 
report, or their immediate personal friends, may feel ag- 

88 North Cabolina Histobioai. Commission. 

grieved. I have not even heard that such is the case. While 
my constituents approve my conduct; above all, while 
my conscience approves, I can bear "rebuke," come from 
whatever other quarter it may. 

Jonathan Worth. 

To J. O. Ramsey.^ 

AsHEBORO, Dec. 9th, 1859. 

^^mS^i^Si! ^^" ^^^' ^^^® perceived that I am again involved in a 
FiHher. contest with Mr. Fisher. I am about to leave home on 

business and expect to bd absent some four weeks. On 
my return, I intend, over my own name, to review the 
facts in my last winter's report, and also those to which I 
called public attention in my article over "Plebs." I shall 
take care not to descend the ignoble field of operations 
where Mr. Fisher invitees. I intend, in a few brief ai*ticles, 
to defend myself and vindicate my position, avoiding per- 
sonalities. The mere statement of the general facts in 
relation to the contract from Hale's to Morganton, prove, 
as I think, that the interests of the State are disregarded. 
Tn discussing it it is necessary to be accurate in stating 
the facts. The committee doubtless say tliat tlic contract 
was formed on estimate submitted to the Legislature of 
1856. Mr. F. says so too, and that they were deemed by 
many too low. I have referred to the report of the Presi- 
dent and Directors, August^ 1866, submitted to the Legis- 
lature of 1856. In this report tlie estimate from Hale's 
to Morganton, 21.90 miles, is put down at $557,000, ex- 
clusive of wells, water stations, repair shops, equipment, 
etc., which are not given separately for that section. 

On the 27th of August, 1857, the Engineer submits an 
estimate for this section, including well, equipment, etc.. 

> Dr. James Graham Ramsey, of Kowan, was a physician and 
farmer. He was* a Whig member of the State Senate from 1856 to 
1860. He was elected to tlie Confederate Congress in 1864 as a peace 


:iiiioim(in^ to $658,182. Tliis estimate, I presume, is the 
one upon which the board acted in fixing on $660,000 as 
the estimat(»d cost of the Section, and requiring $220,000 
private subscriptions, and upon this estimate instead of 
that of 1856 the contract must have been founded. Now 
to understand this matter properly, it is necessary to see 
Ihe contract itself. Mr. Outlaw's committee did not rc- 
|K)rt it. If I address any oflScer of the Co. not being a 
stockholder I shall doubtless be repelled or n^lected or 
insulted. I am acquainted with nobody through whose 
agency I can get it I am willing to pay the exi>ense. My 
object in writing to you is to see if you, through some of 
your friends, can not procure it for me. I would by no 
means have you do anything by which your name will be 
brought into the discussion, or which has in it the least 
color of impropriety. I apply to you only because I can 
devise no other probable plan of obtaining it. I shall feel 
obliged to you for any suggestions of fact or any friendly 
information you may be willing to make. 
Mt. Vkrnon. 

I'o David Outlaw.^ 

AsHEBORO, Jaru Hth, 1S60. 

The re-election of Mr. Fisher as President of the N. C. SXIfaSto^SSu* 
R. Road by an increased majority, which ho says is the"****""^ 
"rebuke" to me and tlie committee of which I was chair- 
man, for our last winter's report, throws me on the de- 
fensive ; and in making that defense I introduce your re- 
]H}Yt on the N. C. W. R. Road for the purpose of showing 
that Mr. F. had enough to do as a contractor on that road 
nn<l ought not to have been made President of the N. C. 
road, and for tlio purpose of showing that the State is 

> David Outlaw, of Bertie, had been often a member of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, a member of Congress, and since 1856 a member of 
tlie State Senate. The report referred to in the letter was one made 
by him on railroads in ISdG. He was an old line Whig. 


defrauded. On carefully examining the report of the 
Prest. and Directors and the reports of the Engineer for 
1850, 57 and 58 I find the estimate on the report of 1850 
for the section from Hale's to Morganton on the Ridgi^ 
route as follows: 

"From Hale's to Morganton 21.90 miles. 

For gradation, masonry, bridge superstruc- 
ture, cross-tics $:i47,0I5.17 

10 per cent on the above for contiugiiicy . . . . .'{4,7(J1.5I 

Iron for superstructures and laying down the 

same 159,931.32 

For engineering and general superintendence 15,330.00 


Report August 27th, '59, by the river line, distance 
23.4 S miles. 
Grad. masonry, bridge super, and cross-ties. .$354,546.00 

10 per cent for con 35,454.00 

Engineering and Qenl. Superinteudcucc. . . . 20,000.00 
Iron for superstructure and laying dowu same 115,570.00 

To which is added : 

For wells, water stations, excavation and re- 
pair shops $20,000.00 

Land damages 5,212.00 

Equipment and locomotive, cars, etc 47,400.00 

Total cost of second division 058,182.00 

In the Engineer's report Aug., 1858, he says $220,000 
had been subscribed and a contract entered into with C. 
Fisher for the construction of the entire 2d division of 
the first sec. extending from a i)oint near Halo's store to 
Morganton, a distance of 23.45. 

In your report you say tinit tlie (\sfinuHi'd cost of \\\v 
work from Hale's to Morganton was $(H>0,000, and tiR* 
distance 23.45. These estimates were made in 1856 and 


subinitUd to the Stockholders on the 3lRt Aug. of that 
year. Now the meeting of the Stockholders was on tho 
28th Aug., 1856, and sat only that day and adjourned 
to the next annual meeting, last Thursday of Aug., 1857, 
and tho report does not exhibit the $660,000 estimate. 

I can't find the exhibit C annexed to your report in any 
of tho official reports of the Engineers. You say it was 
U^forc* Iho Ix^gislaturc of 185(1-57. Is there not some mis- 
take here ? 

Does Mr. Fisher undertake by his contract to do the 
work, furnish the material and supply the road with Loco- 
motives, etc., at $660,000, risking the rock excavations? 
or does ho undertake tho work by the cubic yard of earth 
and rock excavations, the final amount to be paid to him 
to 1)0 awardeil him by tho amount of work done? At the 
rates pr(>po8e<1 by the Engineer su])pose there should turn 
out to be less tlian tlie amt. of the rock excavation esti- 
mated, would he get the full amount for rock excavations ? 
Did you see the contract itself? 

Now I will in no way involve you in the unpleasant 
controversy in which I am involved. I am satisfied the 
Slate was cheated in (he amount. Jf i am riglU, I will 
prove it. If wrong, I desire to know in order to retract. 
I desire to state only the truth. I can't get a copy of the 
contract and cannot satisfy myself what are the pro- 
visions. I will be obliged to you to inform me what tho 
eontraet is. If yon know yonr mime is not in Ik» used. 

I see 8 i>er cent for turnouts in one of tho official ro- 
portif. J)id llio contract bind him to make turnouts to that 
extent? Docs he get pay for this amount of turnouts 
whether it is ordered or not? You see I am quite unable 
fo understand what tho contrar't is. If I could devise any 
means by which I could get a coj)y of it I would not 
trouble you. I have tried to get it by the agency of gen- 
tlemen owning stock in the road, but tbey say they can't 
get it without exposing the Secretary to the denunciation 
of the Directory and his probable removal, and thhl hp if 
a worthy man who needs his salary. 


[P. S.] — I do not find in the reports of the Prest. and 
Directors or in the reports of the Engineer, submitted 
to the Legislature of either 185G, 67 or 58, the price at 
which iron was estimated, nor tracklaying at $500 \icy 
mile, nor chains, spikes, etc., $14,083.34. 



To Charles F. Fisher. 

AsHEBouo, JatL 18, 1860. 

SoSSteSSiS?' I desire to publish an article maintaining or retracting 

my position over "Plebs." To treat the subject intelli- 
gently I deem it necessary to have a copy of your contract 
for building the section of the N". 0. W. R. R. from Hale's 
to Morgantou. As I inu not a atockhokU'r 1 have no right 
to ask for it. Will you direct tlio Sccn^tary to sond me a 
copy of it, with the amount of his fee for the service, which 
I will transmit to him on receipt of the copy ? 

To J. 0. Itdtnscy. 

AsiiEBORo^ Jofi. 25th, '60. 

^t^vSSy?""*^ Last week, just as I had despaired of getting a copy of 

Fisher's contract with the N. C. W. R. R. Co. for build- 
ing the road from Hale's to Morganton, I reed, a copy 
unaccompanied by a letter apprising by whom the copy 
was made or by whom it was sent. I was glad of it, as I 
wished to involve nobody else in uiy controversy willi Air. 
F. I have no doubt I am indebted to you for it, and it 
turns out, precisely as I had expected that it carries upon 
its face evidence of a most abominable and stupendous 
fraud on the State. I have just finished my article for 
the press and will send you a copy as soon as it is printed. 
I have said in my article that I do not krww to whom I 
am indebted for tlie copy. Mr. Siniontoii sliall not be 
exposed by me. 


Despairing of getting a copy, having written to Mr. 
Outlaw and another friend to get it for me without suc- 
cess, I addressed Mr. Fisher, as the only stockholder, to 
direct the clerk to send me a copy, intending if he refused 
or neglected to send it, to publish my letter to him. 
Whether he will act the man and have it sent or write 
an insulting answer or say nothing is yet to be scon. My 
lettcT was written the 18th inst. 

My reply is satisfactory to myself, excepting that I have 
not time to re-writc and condense it, and it^is longer than 
I could wish. I think my friends will be satisfied that 
I have fully sustained myself. 

Mt. Vernon. 

To IT. E. CoUon. 

AsHEBoiio, Feb. ISlh, 1860. 
I. enclose $2 for your paper. I received your friendly Regarding rniirond 

COD tit)Y6r8y • 

letter some time ago, but have been generally from home 
and so oppressed with imperative business when here that 
I have not foimd time to thank you for your kind suggcs- 
lions. Yon will fw my 11. R. article in tlio last Palriol. 
It discloses a far greater fraud in the contract from 
Hale's to Morganton than I had suspected. I have writ- 
ten it with the single view of vindicating myself by ex- 
posing the truth without stopping to inquire whether these 
diseloRuros will bo ])opulnr or unpopular in nny particulnr 
section of the State. As I tread on the corns of the Di- 
rectors of the W. N. C. R. R., and as my strictures prob- 
ably apply to the late contract beyond Morganton, the 
article may not be received with favor in that part of the 
State to bo benefited by this road. It will certainly en- 
list new enemies against me, among the Directors, and the 
large contractors who are to fatten on the money drawn 
from the State Treasury contrary to the spirit of the act? 
which contemplated that the people to be immediately 
benefited by the R. Roads should subscribe and pay 1-3 of 
the money required to build them. These vast contrac- 

94 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

tors get their stock for nothing, the State at large paying 
all. This is a dishonest administration of the law, and 
popular or unpopular, I intend to continue to denounce 
it. I am indignant at the conduct of Jno. W. Thomas, 
Govr. M. and othera who have "rebuked" me, as F. says, 
with much color of truth, and vindicated him. I have no 
doubt they acted from motives intensely selfish. 

I ardently desire that you may succeed with your paper, 
and would by no means have you, out of personal regard 
for me, take any position in your paper in vindication of 
me, which you may think would cloud your prospects. 

To J. 0. Ramxsey. 

AsiiEMouo, Feb. ISlh, 1800. 

^^oD^miarl^ ^ ^"^ y^'^ * ^^' ^^ *'*® Orccnsboro Patriot eoiitnining 
rood material.. ^y j{ jf article. I hope its formidable length will not 

restrain you from reading it. Since writing it, I learn that 
iron for the section between Hale's and Morgantou is being 
carried up and that it has the ai)pcarauco of lK)ing uucom- 
monly light. I have tliis from men of sense and charac- 
ter who have seen it. According to the estimates reported 
by Outlaw it should weigh 53 pounds to the linear yard. 
He is not bound by his contract to furnish iron of any 
given weight. Can you give me the name of any man who 
woiild weigh a bar and give nie the woiglit and length ? 
I would not have you draw on yourself the further ire of 
Fisher, Jndgo Caldwell, etc., bnt have not ne(|naintan(*es 
on the line and desire much to know what it weighs. 

I would gladly have your views as to my article. 

Mt. Vebnon. 


To E. J. Hale and Sons. 

AsuEBORO, Feb. Hth, 1860. 
I (lid not expect that any other Journal would re-publish Regapding railroad 
my elaborate article in the last No. of the Greensboro 
Patriot. Your complimentary notice of it is quite as 
iiiiich a« 1 could expect I prepared it chiefly to bo read 
l»y my eouHtitnents and purchased extra copies of the 
paper for distribution among them, and the reading of a 
fvw personal friends outside of my district in answer to 
the bitter declarations of Mr. F., that all the facts in my 
report had been long ago undeniably proved to be false, 
as well as to revive the knowledge of those facts, which is 
doubtless teflious to any one familiar with them. I re- 
viewed my wlioh' report. I felt deeply indignant at the 
snp|)osed endoi*8ement of Mr. F. by certain of my political 
friends whose motives I knew to be intensely selfish, and 
I was betrayed by this feeling into the writing over 
'Tlebe." Mr. F.'s reply to "Plebs" compelled mo to ap- 
|)enr again and maintain or abandon my positions. My 
object in this letter is to ask you to read carefully that 
|N>rti(m of my article relating to tlic contract from J [ale's 
to Morganton. It seems to me, that with your powers .of 
condensation, it discloses facts not before known to the 
public, of vital public importance. The estimate on which 
this contract was based, requii^ed iron weighing 53 pounds 
fo the linear yard. The contract, nuulc with democratic 
Directors and F.'s father-in-law, pays him for iron of this 
weight at $70 per ton, but does not bind him to furnish 
such iron and is made when iron is worth much less than 
at the date of the estimate. The estimate is made for 8 
|x*r cent of turn out. The contract binds him to construct 
no given amount of turn out. The estimate is made by 
mere conjecture as to rock excavation, as a basis for sub- 
scription of stock. Before the contract is made, borings dis- 
close that there is not so much rock, and yet the contractor 
18 paid on the basis of this conjecture, then ascertained to 

96 NouTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

be erroneous. The contract gives a lumping sum for the 
job) at the same time reserving to the engineer the power 
to change the grades, etc., without any increase or dimi- 
nution of pay to the contractor, whether his labor and ex- 
pense be increased or diminished by such alterations. It 
contains no provision binding the company to furnish the 
contractor with locomotives and cars, etc., for the trans- 
portation of iron, sills, etc., in track-lnying. The estimate 
is made when freights are high. The contract is paid after 
the reduction of f rciglit, and ho is paid K)ii tlic basis of an 
estimate founded on the high rales. Now all this is a 
palpable fraud on the State. It is done by men held in 
high esteem by the public, and fraud is a harsh term ap- 
plied to such men. It may be policy to wink at or call ii 
by Bouio HofU;!* uiiiiio. It is my d(H'triu(* (luil il is wv.svv 
politic to do wrong, and the dcmoitilizing tendency of 
winking iit fraud in high phiees is a far greater evil than 
the increase of taxation resulting from the fraud. I think 
you have uniformly conducted your paper on the elevated 
principle that it is always expedient to do right, and that 
it chiefly owes its steady increase and now dominant in- 
fluence with our party to its steady adhercnee to the rules 
of. right. It seems to me therefore, that when it shall have 
sufficiently appeared that the copy of the contract is a true 
one, on which my commentaries are based, that you would 
be subserving the public interests by referring to the mat- 
ter in such manner as you may deem proper. 

I would not, if I could, have you to say aught in this mat- 
ter, out of mere personal regard tome. 1 know that I havi; 
acted throughout from patriotic motives and that I desin? 
no political post whatever, and sincerely hope I may never 
again feel it my duty to go into public life or to write a 
political article for the press ; but I feel that my personal 


character is iuvolvcd in this contest and intend to defend 
myself as best I can, and shall be grateful to you and 
others for such and only as you may think I deserve. 

Two copies, purporting to be copies of the contract, have 
been sent me, each of them without any explanation show- 
ing who sent it. Everybody is afraid of incurring the 
iro of Mr. Jt'ishcr and his friends. It is barely possible 
l]mt 1 may be imposed upon and that these are not true 
copies, I enclose one of them to you. I addressed Mr. 
Fisher before I got the first copy, asking him to have a 
copy of it sent to me. A few hours afterwards I reed, the 
first copy, mailed at Bowan Mills. It was mailed before 
my letter was written. My letter to Mr. Fisher was dated 
the 18th Jan. ; on the 9th Feb. the other copy was mailed 
to me from High Point. The superscription is not in Mr. 
Fisher^s handwriting. My article was sent to the Patriot 
on the 27th January and was read by divers persons, and 
the fact generally known in Greensboro that I had a copy. 

Excuse me for this long letter. I have for a long series 
of years lived in the seclusion of private life, and have 
of late been so grossly abused through the press that I may 
liave become unduly sensitive, and in pressing this mat- 
ter on your consideration, when probably graver matters 
occupy your attention, if you shall think I have given it 
undue consequence, you will pardon me. I do not wish to 
put you to the trouble of answering. 

98 NoETu Cauolina IIistobioal Commission. 

To V. C. Barringer.' 

AsiiKBORo, Feb, 15th, 1860. 

otSSmm!^^^ ^ ^^^^ never been more gratified than I was in the read- 
ing of your letter of the 11 th inst. I have had to rely ex- 
clusively on myself and the small material in my reach, 
to defend myself against the wanton and unmannerly as- 
sault nuide on mo by Mr. Fisher and his friends. When 
to this is added the votes of Qovr. Morehead, Geo. C. Mcn- 
denhall and Jno. W. Thomas, I began to fear that my ef- 
forts were not appreciated. To meet Mr. F.'s sweeping 
declarations that "all the facts in my report had been long 
proved to be undeniably false" I deemed it necessary to 
review those facts, and this review, Avitli the other matters 
discussed in uiy hiU^ article, necessarily made it so long 
that I was afraid it would not 1x5 read. T have had noth- 
ing to nerve ui(< exeejit by my own c(»i»vicfious thiit T was 
right and the approval of my neighbors. Your voice of 
approval tends to strengthen me for the contest. If such 
frauds in high placxjs will not rouse our people it will 
prove that demoralization has progressed farther amoug 
our people than T am willing to believe. T am now fairly 
enlisted for the war, and intend to tight, my way through. 
An occasional cheer such as yours will nerve me with 
greater vigor. I have as little leisure as any man in the 
State, but T feel that T owe it, not only to the public, but 
to my own personal character, to expose the frauds prac- 
ticed on the public by those who seek to degrade me. 
You hav(» my profoundest thanlxs for your letter. 

> Victor C. Barring^er, of Cabarrus, a professor in Davidson Col- 
leg^e. He had been a Secretary of I^egation at Madrid previously. 
He was a member of the State Senate in 1800, and althougfli a Whig 
favored secession. He was a Major in the Confederate service. After 
tlie war he became a Uepublican and was a Code Commissioner of 
North Carolina. He was also one of the commission to revise the 
U. S. Statutes. In 1874 President Grant appoinleil him to represent 
the United States on the International Court at Alexandria, Egypt. 


To Hennys, Smith and Towtisend^ 

AsHEBORo, N. C, Feb. 16th, 1860. 
Your circular of 2l8t Jan. came duly to baud. Rtttrding stat« of 

4 1 . - 1 • 1 1 T 1 foeiliig In North 

Amongst tliat portion of our people with whom I have Carolina, 
intercourse IS are calm and talk only of Union, not dis- 
union, ilany ardent men here fear that such acts as the 
rini*:in;i; of flu* Kinte llnusr Ih>II at Alhnny on (humihIou of 
the hanging of J no. Jirowu indicates the prevalent feeling 
out of the commercial circles in your great city. Most 
of us hope that with you as with us the least substantial 
of your people make the most noise. We hope that sub- 
stantial men will awaken to the necessity of going to the 
polls instead of leaving your elections to the mob. Fra- 
t(»nial f(»(»ling will return when we see the Nortli executing 
the fugitive shive law with good faith. Until this is done 
all of us must have much of suspicion mixe<l with our 
hopes. It is not tlie enlightened merchants of N. Y. we 
fear, but the unbridled demagogues, operating on the 
masses, whom you neglect. They will become dominant 
if good citizens neglect the elections. 

I think you will have your usual trade from this quarter 
for the present, but if you would keep up friendly rela- 
tions, remove our just grounds of suspicion by electing con- 
servative men to Congi'ess and to your Legislature. This 
you can do, if you will try in earnest. 

To his Brother.' 

AsHEBOBo, Feb. 15th, 1860. . 
T am reeeiviuff (*onii:rnfu1ntions on tlie successful char- RcgimiinK miiroad 

, , , , . controvewy. 

aeter of my vindication in the last Patriot. Among the 
rest one from V. C Earringer, of Concord, in which he 
says he thanks his Ood "tbat we have one man in the State 

1 A business firm in New York City. 
• Probably B. G. Worth. 

100 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioai. Commission. 

-who has the courage and the ability to resist the growing 
despotism of an irresponsible corporation/' He winds up 
by sayings '^Your last communication is a model in iU 
temper and manner as well as its matter." I have felt 
slightly oppressed, considering the odds against me, and 
therefore refer to these compliments especially as I am 
unaccustomed to the use of the pen in newspaper contro- 
versy, and have neither time nor access to documents. 

To meet F.'s wholesale declaration that ^'all the facts 
contained in my report have been long ago proved unde- 
niably to be false" I could see no way but to reveal those 
facts and the evidence on which they rest. This, with the 
other matter brought into the controversy, made my article 
much longer than I could have wished. 

I hope you and Clarkson will read it, long though it 
be. / think you will acquire information which will com- 
pensate for your time. I understand your Journal has 
some disparaging commentary. It does not come here. 
I expect no quarter from democracy and my temper is 
now up and I intend to give no quarter. 

To E. J. Hale wnd Sons. 

AsHBBORO^ Feb, 16, '60. 
Regarding raiiroAd I had mv horso in mv buegv to leave home on business 

when your letter of yesterday came to hand and must an- 
swer briefly. 

I think both my copies are in the samo haudwritiug and 
are identical. For reasons I have not time to state, I have 
ho doubt both of them were made out by Simonton, Clk. 
and Register. The first was obtained, as I have no doubt, 
by a personal friend of mine whose feelings are deeply en- 
listed in this contest. He is also a friend of Simonton and 
feared, if it were ascertained that Simonton supplied it, 
ho would bo ousted from office, and therefore sent it to mo 
without explanation. The latter, I think, Fisher had sent 


after he learned I had a copy. He foresaw that I would 
publish my letter addressed to him asking for the copy of 
it if it was not sent. His ignoble malevolence made him 
unwilling to answer direct or even to superscribe the en- 

I have no knowledge of Pearson's politics and know lit- 
tle of him in any way, and do not know how my article 
will alTcct him. 1 have never heard him suspected of being 
a partner in the contract. His anxiety to get the road 
probably induced him to make what I consider the false 
certificate that the 5 per cent had been paid by F. and 
Burke and that F. was responsible for $170,000. I know 
it was common rumor last winter that F.'s partners were 
Avory, Kllis and .liulgc Caldwell & Sons. I know not 
from what this rumor ai'ose. F.'s denial that he has part- 
ners is equivocal, coming from a man so unscrupulous as 
to truth. 

I have a very transient acquaintance with Pearson. 
The State and individual directors are all doniocrats, as I 
understand from D. F. Caldwell, of Greensboro. I infer 
that Pearson concurs with them or he wouldn't have been 

Last mail brought me, among other letters approving 
my late article, one from Mr. V. C. Barringer, with whom 
I have slight personal acquaintance, in which he is pleased 
to say that he regards my last article as a most triumphant 
vindication and ''a model in its temper and manner as 
well as its matter." I had begun to be afraid that my 
article Avould be regarded as dull and unreadable and feel 
gratified by such expressions of approval from men com- 
notont to judge. 

To Chesley F. Faucette. 

AsHEBOBO^ N. C, Feb. 17th, 1860. 

I send you a No. of the Greensboro Patriot containing Regai^ngmiirood 
an article written by me in vindication of my Rail Koad 

102 NouTii Cauolina Histobioal Commission. 

report of last winter, and matters growing out of it. It 
is long, necessarily so, as I conceive to explain fully the 
subject discussed. They are as I think of vital and great 
importance to the State. Taxation is becoming formid- 
able. There is no elianco to dimiiiish it if our pubru; 
works are to remain in the hands of an unscrupulous party, 
who use them only to uphold party. The State is de- 
frauded by men in high places to enrich themselves at the 
expense of the tax-payers, and no one dares expose thorn 
without iKiing exi)O80(l to tlio denunciation of the whole 
democratic press. I beg you to read my article, and I am 
sure you will concur with me and sympathize with and 
sustain me, under the malevolent assaults made on me on 
account of my humble efforts to servo the public. T have 
outlived the day of political aspinitious, but 1 hope always 
to feel the moral courage to ox))ose fraud by wht»maoev(»r 
practiced. My own convictions of right will sustain me 
in all I have done, but it would be cheering to me to know 
that good and thinking men sustain mo. 

What do my friends say of my course in the Legislature 
and since, as to my Railroad ro))ort and newspaper articles? 
Do they take any iuterest in them < In this (bounty 1 am 
more than sustained. The bitt(»rcst of the dcmiKM-ats are 
mum, moderate and approve my course. 

I have just received a communication from your neigh- 
bor and friend Dr. Watson in which he suggests that ho 
might possibly consent to be a candidate should his friends 
deem it expedient, and in case I decline to run and Ran- 
dolph yield to Alamance the selection of Mie candidalo. 
We all have expected Alamance to select the candidate and 
whomsoever you may bring forward we shall cordially sup- 
port. As to my declaring I would not nm, if I was as- 
sured of my election by never so large a majority, iniless 
unmistakably called upon by the friends in your county 
who so zealously sustained me in 1858. Tf so called upon 
I should feel it a eomi)limeut and would not decline — bui 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 103 

1 iIohIiv our friciuls to purBuo in this matter just tbo 
course they may think the public good recjuires. While I 
should feel exceedingly proud, under all circumstances of 
such an endorsement, I should exceedingly regret to be in 
the way of my friend, Dr. Watson, or anybody else. I 
think our party in your county should give immediate at- . 
tent ion to the matter and in duo time take the necessary 
slops to mako among yourselves a Iiarmouious move to 
bring forward the candidate. Be sure to be harmonious 
in your selection and you may rely on the hearty co-opera- 
tion of Randolph. 

Tills letter and a similar one I have written Dr. Watson, 
are the only ones I have written to anybody in your county 
as to iM'ing a caiididato and arc probably tho last I shall 
write, unless interrogated. If I am nominated, it nmst be 
a spontaneous movement. I ask for no political station. 

[P. S.] I hope you will get Giles Mebane and some 
otlier popular Whig to enter the list as candidates in the 
f 'Oimnons. T have advised Dr. Watson that T have written 
you on this subject. 


To Dr. E. F. Walsoii.' 

AsiiKHono, N. C, Fch. 17th, 1860. 

1 am jiiHt in reeeii)t of yours of the 10th inst. post- Regarding hin 
marked the 13th. !My position in relation to being a can- state senate, 
clidale is this: 'Flierc having been a common understand- 
ing between Kandolph and Alamance, that they would 
aUoniate the Senator and my party friends in your county 
having sustaiiuMl nie nt the last election with remarkable 
unanimity and zeal, I would on no account offer my name 
to 1)0 run as a candidate for the Senate, unless called upon 
to do so by the Whigs and Americans of your county — 

> Of Alamance county. 

104 NoBTH Oauolina Histobioal Commission. 

and I have not addressed a citizen of your county and do 
not expect to do so, intimating my desire to be run or even 
my willingness to accept the nomination if made — ^but I 
have held it as a rule of life, when satisfied that the pub- 
lic desired my services to yield my preferences to the 
wishes of the public — I and all my friends in the county 
will dieerfuUy and heartily support you for the Senate, 
if our party friends in your county select you as their 
standard bearer. In the improbable contingency that they 
should noniinato mo T should not feci that I was making 
a proper requital for past confience, if I were to decline it. 
We feel here that Alamance must signify her preference 
and we should endorse her choice. 

The rupture of my multifarious business, occasioned by 
the last electioneering tour and service in the Legislature, 
has imposed on me so much labor since my return, that T 
have found no leisure for i>olilicttl corrcMpondonce or op- 
portunity of seeing friends of Alamance. My efforts to ex- 
pose the mal-administration of the N. C. K. R. have drawn 
upon me the maledictions of its President — and, as lie 
says, the "rebuke" of the stockholders — and the abuse of 
the Democratic press. My friends hero, not one dissent- 
ing, more than advocate my cause. How is it in your 
county ? I am ignorant Alamance ought to decide whi) 
should be the candidate for the Senate and Kandolph will 
heartily sustain the man of her choice. 

I send you a copy of the Palnot containing my last 
R. R. article. If you are a subscriber for the Patriot, 
please hand the No. I send to such person as you nuiy 
think will read it. 

[P. S.] I hope the Whigs of Alamance will nm Giles 
Mebane — and with him another good Whig — I hope and 
believe he and another might be elected. 

I shall at all times be glad to hear from you. What 
think you of my late article? Do my friends in youv 
County approve my course in the Legislature generally i 


I bnvo gi'cat confidence in the candor and judgment of 
your neighbor and friend C. Faucett and have just ad- 
dressed to him a letter of similar import to the above. 

To George Little. 

AsiiRnoiio, Feb. gOlh, I860. 

I had intended to attend the convention of our party on FiedRinffmipport 
the 22cl inst, but have been for a few days so much indis- 
posed that I think I shall not get off. 

When ever you shall have made your arrangements 
complete for getting up a paper to sustain our party, you 
may rely on the $150 which I pledged for my counties. 
Tlie nniount of time and money I have had to spend in 
vindication of my Rail Koad report together with this 
$150. is of inconvenient account to me — as I am in- 
fluenced by no desire for political promotion. While my 
friends are ' ready and anxious to have me be a candidate 
and ro-olcct me to the Legislature, I fear little of the $150. 
will be made up. Whenever you shall have perfected the 
arrangement, however, I will pay it. 

I send you a paper containing a long review of my R. R. 
report and other matters relating to the R. R. manage- 
ment. From the highly flattering letters which I have 
reed, from men competent to judge, I am persuaded it 
will re-pay you for the reading. In the approaching State 
elections I believe Democracy can be more damaged, by an 
exposure of the management of our public works than by 
any thing else. The fraud on the State in the contract on 
the W. N. C. R. R. from Hale's to Morganton is mon- 
strous. — It is probably equally gross in others, if honestly 
investigated and exposed. 

I fear that you will bo unable to avoid a schism on thei>f»«e«'ofBpiiton 
22d in the question of ad valorem taxation. I feel sure **®"* 
that policy even more than justice requires that constitu- 
tional restriction by which slaves are not taxed in proper- 

106 XouTii Cakolina HisTOttiCAL Commission. 

tion to value with land, should be removed. Should slave 
owners insist on preserving this portion of our constitu- 
tion, I think they will array against thoni a feeling among 
ourselves, more to be dreaded than Northern Abolition- 
ism. — The issue is up and must be met. — If we take a can- 
didate from the East opposed to this reform, I fear the 
West will not sustain him. — If our Eastern friends should 
see the equity and expediency of this reform ami Pool, of 
Pasquotank, should be our candidate, and the advocate of 
submitting the question to the people, we are sure to elect 


To K. J. Hale and Sons. 

AsMKii<»uo, Mm\ (ilh, ISiU), 

Your letter of the 23d ult. reached mo during my at- 
tendance of the Montgomery Court. 
ReganiiQg railroad If I understand your view of the subject it is that the 

Legislature contemplates re-enacting the charters of the 
N. C. II. II. and the charters of the W. N. C. R. It. ; 
that the stock to be subscribed by individuals was not in 
fact to be paid ; that it was known by the lA'gislature when 
those acts passed that they could not be and would not be- 
so interpreted that the State would pay all. I do not 
think that by a fair construction of the Act of 184S llie 
company had a right io covimence work until $1,000,000 
be subscrilK'd by individuals and half this ami)iuit actually 
paid. The 3G Section, providing for the State's subscrip- 
tion, enacts that the "State subscription shall be paid as 
soon as the said company shall commence work." It is 
true that the company were to organize whenever the in- 
divi<lual corporations sliould have paid 5 per cent of [\\v\v 
subscriptions, and it is not easy to see why they should 
organize until tluiy were ready to locate and go to work. 
It has received the interpretations, however, that the in- 


cliviilusil stockholders coulil organize and let out the con- 
tnu'ts among thein8elvc»fl. Before the charter for the W. 
N. C Jl. li. was enacted in 1854, and this charter is es- 
scntiallv different from that of N. C. R. R. in this : that 
upon the subscription of ^ of the estimated cost of a sec- 
tion and a paj'ment of 6 per cent by the subscribers, the 
Shite owes to tlie sub8cril>ei*s her J| aiul njipoints 8 diiTC- 
lors; and llieu tlie Jioard of Directors may locate and con- 
struct. The act contemplated that the State should be 
represented before the contracts were let; it provides that 
payments should be nuule pro rata by the State and by in- 
dividuals. On the whole it seems clear to my mind that 
the act (*(uitem]>hit(*d actual ])nyment in cash or labor by 
tlie indivi<]ual stwkholders. It surely could not have been 
contemplat<*d by the J-iCgislature that she was to have 8 
directors, the individual stockholders but 4, and that the 
State diriH'tr»rs would concur in a scheme by which the 
State should pay all, the individual stockholders who took 
contracts to i)ay nothing and own ^ of the work. I do 
not U'lieve, therefore, that the J>(»gislature contemplated 
that the individual stockholders weir to pay nothing, and 
I uuderstand many of the Huuiller Kt(H*kliolders did in fact 
pay for their stock on the N. C. R. R. 

This latter Act as well as the Charter for the Atlantic 
Road was passed in 1854. The Supreme Court opinion 
was given at June Court, 1855. This charter had been 
accej>ted. 1 do not perceive what the JjCgislature follow- 
ing could have done. The Legislature of 185G, I suppose, 
when granting the amendment asked for by the W. N. C. 
R. R. might have provided for defeating this fraudulent 
mode of letting the contracts. The Supreme Court Avas 
comnunting on the extraordinary features of tho charter 
of N. C R. R., by which the private stockholders let out 
the contracts among themselves before the State was a 
))artner, at a period when the State had no directors. I 
<Io not think the opinion of the Supreme Court was given 
by way of hint to the Legislature in reference to further 

108 NoBTH Caboluta Hibtobioai< Commission. 

legislation, but I know that many who felt hurt by it, 
sought to make this impression. But considering tliat you 
are right, then let the censure fall on the Legislature. The 
public is defrauded. It ought to be enlightened on the 
subject and those who are properly responsible for it held 
up for public censure. There is a much greater evil grow- 
ing out of winking at such frauds than the mere loss of the 
money. When men in high places continue to cheat the 
public and the public wink at it [it] vitiates the public 
morals. I think the Directors and their confederates are 
alone responsible. 

My friend Dr. Ramsey fears that Davis and Simonton, 
Whigs, may feel hurt at my commenting on the W. N. C. 
R. R. I have written without any reference to policy. 

My friend A. Q. Foster ascertained to whom I am in-, 
debted for my copy of the contract. He says there is no 
doubt as to its corroctness. It is understood that 7 am not 
to know who sent it. 

The directors are surely responsible, when the estimate 
was based on iron weighing 53 pounds to the linear yard, 
for so drawing up the contract that much lighter iron may 
be used. I am told the iron being used is much lighter. 
I have taken measures to ascertain its weight, but hope I 
shall not have to write further on the subject. I am in- 
formed that the leaders of Democracy think my last ar- 
ticle can not be successfully answered and the edict has 
gone forth that it is to be treated with silent contempt 

To "William J. Long. 

AsHEBOEO, March 10th, 1860. 
Begaidiog his I have recd. to-day two letters from Alamance — the one 

being a candidate *' 

fors!%te8oniitor. written to your friend, I. 11. Foust, by Chesley F. Faucett, 

in which he expresses a very emphatic wish for my re- 
nomination for the Senate. He says little Charley is now 
r«:buked by me and that if I am not re-nominated that it 


will be claimed tlint my constituents do not sustain me. 
He refers to Dr. Watson's wish to run for the Senate, says 
it will not do, and states his purpose to attend Alamance 
Court to exert his influence to carry out his views. 

I have also received a letter from J. S. Scott, in which 
he says it seems to be the wish of the Whigs with whom he 
has conversed to nominate Dr. Watson, and expressing a 
wish that I would run for the Commons. 

I. II. Foust writes me that his brother Thomas and that 
everylKHly in his knowledge is for my re-nomination except 
Dr. McAden who, as I, fears, that Watson will take the 
track and thus confuse us. I feel that the Whigs of A. 
ought to feel it due to our cause to renominate me; but if 
I am not renominated I should exceedingly regret to have 
Dr. Watson run at this time. He is utterly incompetent 
to rouse the Whig fire we hope to see up this summer. I 
am further of the opinion that Giles Mebane will openly 
or covertly oppose my nomination. If he be run for the 
Senate, though he has ability, he will deaden ihc effects of 
my R. li. lul)ors which 1 can make the means of getting 
some democratic votes. It would be [a] wily scheme of our 
adversaries to bring him on tho Senate track. Under the 
circumstances I would rather have Watson. Faucett would 
do better than either. 

I intend this as confidential so far as my views are ex- 

I think you can manage this matter about right. 


To J. 8. Scott. 

Abhebobo^ Mar. 10th, 1860. 

Yours of the 7th inst. is just received. In reply to your Remrdi 
inquiry whether Bandolph will yield to Alamance the 
nomination of the Senatorial Candidate, I answer that 
such is the universal sentiment, I believe. You ask 

110 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

whether we would support Dr. Watson, whom you say the 
Whigs of your County, so far as you have heard, unani- 
mously desire. I have no doubt this County will heartily 
endorse him if nominated by the Whigs of your County. 
IIo is a gentlouuni for whom I have much rospirl. I wouM 
support him if thus nominated. Very few know him in 
this County, but we are true Whigs and concede your 
County this year tlio right to designate whom you would 
prefer for Senator and we will support him. 

Tt wouhl I)c uucandid in mo not to uK^itiou (hat I liavo 
communications from several of your prominent Whigs, 
expressing their preference that your County waive the 
right, conceded to her, to nominate an Alamance man and 
run me again. I have not sought and shall not seek a 
nomiuaHoii (^itlior for the Koiinlo or (\Miunoiis, luil i( is 
due to candor to say that I should not decline a nomina- 
tion, coming without my asking, from your County. I de- 
sire that you do whatever you may think Wst and I shall 
1)0 content and ready to do my best to elect your nominee. 

Hurrah for our platform and Pool. We expect to have 
a complete triumph this summer. 


To Geo. McNeill 

AsiiEBORo, Mar. 10 lit, 1S60, 

of DSSSeiWdrST Somc observations lately made by you to my son in an 

editorial in a lato nnmber of your ]n\\H'r iuducrn mo lo sub- 
mit to you some vie^vs in regard to the llev. Daniel Worth. 
In addition to the horror of having a minister of the Gos- 
pel, aged 67 years, whipped, I am persuaded that abolition- 
ists at home and abroad will turn it to account. To show 
some laxity would be evidence of conscious security on the 
part of the community. He is a man of considerable talent 
and exemplary morals, who has dwelt u])on the subject of 
emancipation to slaves until he lias become monomaniacal 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. Ill 

and will innrcli to tlio ignoiniuious pnuislimcnt with the 
feelings of a martyr, and his punishment would be the 
subject of inflammatory correspondence to the Northern 
journals adverse to slavery. 

The general interpretation of the 16th Sec. of the Stat- 
ute, entitled Crimes and Punishments, excludes any in- 
quiry into tlie lutrnt with which any one circulates a pub- 
lication, 'Mhc (Tident Icndcncy of which is (o cause slaves 
to become discontented with their bondage." 

t^omchodi) must read such things in order to ascertain 
their tendency. The circulation of a book containing in- 
cendiary matter would seem to subject any one to indict- 
ment, though he might be ignorant of the contents of the 
lxH)k or docoivrd as to its contenti^. Evcryliody must de- 
cide, at his |MM'il, what anioinits to such erideiU Ivmlency. 
Judge Shepherd at lloufgonuM'y last we<*k held that an ar- 
ticle in the religi<nis creed of a Society declaring that 
Slavery is inconsistent with the Christian religion, if 
printed and circulated among its members, would make 
the ])erson circulating it indictable under this statute, be- 
cause all religious societies admit slaves as memlwrs and 
such an arlitdt^ would have an '^*vident teinlency to nuik(^ 
them dissatisfied with their social condition." This rea- 
soning seems to be clear. * * * J think this act ought 
to be carried into effect against those only who intend to 
produce dissatisfaction among slaves. Daniel Worth is 
as fit a ease for the execution of tho law as could well Ik; 
presented, if he were not an old man and a minister of the 
Gospel of exemplary character, save in the particular of 
Al)olitionism. In this particular he is an enthusiastic 
monomaniac. Now I think he ought not to l)e whipped 
if he \\\W leave the countrv. It is well known that his 
relatives without exception have condemned him, that they 
would gladly had him leave the State if they could have 
induced him to do so. It is in reference to the effect on 
the public mind that I deprecate his punishment under 
the statute which though it be right is highly penal. His 

112 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

arrest has called the attention of the whole country to it. 
and men will be exceedingly cautious for many a day to 
come, how they violate it. 

To increase the troubles, partizans have attempted to 
bring the matter into the vortex of party politics. Most 
men, in a position to exert influence, are afraid of bring- 
ing themselves into public odium if they suggest lenity as 
the wisest course to promote the public good ; and I fear 
the law is likely to be enforced with the greatest vigor, 
while it seems to mo that the general feeling is tliat it 
would be most wise under all the circumstances of the case 
to avoid whipping the prisoner, on condition that he leave 
the Stat& Let him be convicted, but in consideration of 
his age and being a minister of the Gospel, let judgment 
be suspended on his entering into a rccognizaiicu far his 
good behavior. 

milf lSi!m oftho "^^^ '"y object in addressing you on the subject is this : 
sentence. J know but One man in the State who can advise prudence 

and lenity in this matter and whose advice would be 
adopted without censure or suspicion as to his motives, 
and that man is Judge Rufiin ; and my object in addressing 
you is to get you to call his attention to it. I know noth- 
ing as to his views, but can not but think that a man of 
his sound and cool judgment, would depi-ecate carrying 
out the statute in its extreme rigor in this case. If he 
would address a letter to R. P. Dick, or to me, or to W. 
F. Long, or in any other way most agreeable to himself, 
recommending that the prisoner should not be whipped, 
with an understanding that tlie judge and the solicitor 
might see it, this matter might be brought to. a judicious 
conclusion ; but standing in the relations I do to the pris- 
oner, and not knowing the judge's feelings, I will not ad- 
dress him. This is my first move in thi» matter. I am 
not counsel for the prisoner and have not had a word of 
communication with him, direct or indirect, and do not 
expect to have, unless this plan succeeds. In this event I 
am persuaded I could operate on him, through his son-in- 


law, Dr. AYooil [^tvovd illegible'] immediately to leave the 

It could ill no way do any good for it to bo known that ' "^ 

I have written this communication to you, and I desire 
that it be r^arded as confidential, with the exception thai 
I authorize you to make known its contents to Judge 
Ituffin, if you deem it expe<liont Beyond him I prefer 
Ibnt iu>lM>dy know 1 liave taken any Hte|>H in lliis matter; 
not that 1 feel that its being known would injure me, but 
it would, by some, be misrepresented and perverted. I 
presume it will be necessarj' to make known its contents 
to Judge Kufiin, but in this you can act as you think 

To Rev. G. \V. Bainum. 

AsKEiioRO, March 31st, 1S60. 

Rev. Daniel Worth, my first cousin, was tried yesterday o'°T'?*wSrtf 
for circulating Helper's book and convicted. Judgment 
of IIm* (\Hirt, «>un year's iniprisonment. The jndgo had 
11(1 discretion as to the imprisonment. The court was au- 
fhorized, in il« dis(*reti(»n, to have wnicneed him to the 
pillory and whipping also. 

He appealed to the Supreme Court and was remanded 
to j>ri8oii. 

Ilia zeal has bad the better of his discretion. Nobody 
here will countenance the circulation of a book denouncing 
slave-holders as worse than thieves, murderers, etc. 

T juat visited him in prison. He has good health. I am 
moat sincerely sorry that he has deemed it proper to circu- 
late the Helper book here. He was most ably defended 
liy Hon. Jaa. T. Morehead, who owns a very large num- 
Imt of slaves. He speaks in the warmest terms of appro- 
bation of tlio eflFort^ of Mr. Morehead. 

Kast Orange, N. J. 

114 NoHTii Carolina Hibtorioal Commission. 

To A. 0. Foster. 

AsHEBORO, Apl. ISth, 1860. 

d3Scytot^^^^' ^ '^^^^ returned within the last two hours from below, 
Legiafature. wlicre I havo bcon for the past two win^ks, and find a let- 

ter dated Apl. 2d, signed by A. Moore, J as. T. Hunter 
and Jno. H. Clapp, urging me to be a candidate for the 
Commons, and informing me that Conventions are un- 
popular in Alamance and that Dr. Watson is a candidate 
for the Senate. They say the proposed convention will 
not be attended by a dozen persons; ho])e 1 will hold my- 
self in readiness to be a candidate for the Senate two years 
hence, etc. I conclude Dr. Watson has adopted the Dr. 
Lane plan of getting turf, knowing that the Whigs can 
not afford to have dissensions among themselves and that 
he will save them the trouble of deciding on the nuiu to 
be senatorial candidate. They say "but for the arranpje- 
ment heretofore made" (alternating the candidate) '*all 
would be for you as the candidate." 

I greatly lament this thing, l)ecau8e Dr. Watson will not 
give hearty satisfaction to our friends in either County; 
and I suppose he has adopted his course, iuteuding not 
to be diverted from it, even if an imposing convention 
should signify their dissent. It brings up the question 
whether I shall run for the Commons, and it is to express 
my views on this subject that I address you. Only a very 
few, yourself among them, have asked me to run in the 
Commons. Whilst I had fully decided to run in the Sen- 
ate, if nominated by Alamance, T thiuk T ought not to run 
for the Commons. Whilst an endorsement by both coun- 
ties would have been such a testimonial of confidence as 
would have warranted the personal inconvenience and 
pecuniary loss which a seat in Legislature would bring to 
me, it does not seem to mo that T ought to Hubjiuft niyw^lf 
to such inconvenience for an endorsement of one Comity 
only, when I think, as I do, tliat I would render little ser- 
vice by the canvass in Randolph. I hoped to render much 


flcu*vicc to our cmisc in Akmauce, and I think I should be 
a much less efficient member in the Commons than in the 
Senate. As to the mere name of the thing I had quite 
as leave be in the one house as the other ; besides, I know 
that many of my best friends prefer that I should not 
run unless for the Senate ; I beg you and others, therefore, 
not to think of running mo for the Counuons. I am sure 
Ihat it will Ik* loss inconvenient to you, that you would 
be elected by acclamation, and that you would be able 
to render more valuable service than I can. We ought 
by all means to have one efficient candidate, and I think 
you are our only chance. Will you run ? I have read the 
discussion l)otwecn Ellis and Pool at Qatesvillo. Pool's 
triumph is more complete than I expected, confident as T 
was that ho would trium])h. 

To Rev. 0. W. Bainum. 

AauEnoRO, May 2d, 1800. 

Postscript. — ^Jl(»v. Daniel Worth was again convicted 
at Guilford last week. Same judgt. as here. Appealed 
to the Supreme Court. Has given bail in $3,000 and left 
the State, to return and abridge the judgments, or make 
up the money and indemnify his securities. 

East Oranor, N. J. 

To Chesley F. Faucett. 

AsHKBORO, May Jflh, 1860, 

On tho 17th Feb. last I addressed to you a letter in re- J,^fSfthe ''*"* 
latiou to tho Senatorial candidate for our district, and on senftte. 
the same day I wrote to Dr. Watson in reply to a letter 
from him. I have reed, no answer to either letter. The 
subject has been much stirred since, and having learned 
your views by a letter you wrote to my friend I. II. Foust, 

116 NoBTH Carolina. Histosioal Commission. 

I venture to recur briefly to the matter. The Whigs of 
this County, and also many of the Democrats, highly ap- 
prove my eiforts to expose the management of our puhlii! 
works, and from the bitterness with which I have been as- 
sailed on this account by the Democrats in the Senate, 
through the press, and particularly by Mr. Fisher and 
especially on account of the re-election of Mr. F., which 
he claims as a complete vindication to himself and as a 
rebuke to me, a very strong desire exists here that your 
county would nominate me in order that the district wliich 
elected me might endorse my course. I confess tliat such 
an endorsement would be gratifying to my feelings, and 
if my constituents approve my course, policy and the pub- 
lic good would seem to call for such endorsement. The 
omission to sustain me will Ik) ealliHl by Democracy as a 
virtual repudiation of my course, and will deter any other 
from tlie unpleasant and lal)orious duly of looking into 
the management of our public works. Fraud, which is 
creeping into the administration of our improvements, 
will be made bolder. Our peo])l(5 are strongly impri»sscMl 
with these views and have been led to lu^lieve that yon 
concur in them, that our leading men highly disapprove of 
Dr. Watson's becoming a candidate unless your people in 
convention had nominated him. In this way Dr. Lane 
misrepresented us. Owing to the injudicious custom of 
alternating the Senator each session, this county will 
cheerfully yield to the wishes of the Whigs of Alamance, 
if represented in Convention; but while our people tliink 
that under all the eireumstanees you ought to nomiiuite 
me, and that a majority of you desire to do so, they will 
regard with great disfavor any one voluntarily taking the 
track. I fear our people can not be brought to support 
Watson with any zeal, if at all, unless he were nominated 
by a convention fairly gotten up. 

I have been thus frank with you at the risk of having 
my motives miseonstrned, because T think mischief to onr 
cause will result from total inaction. I desire no political 


preferment, and but for this peculiar position 1 occupy, 
would p^rontly prefer not to be n candidate; and I will not 
run unless a convention, in which a majority of the Dele- 
gates from Alamance concur, shall nominate me. 

I address these views to you for your consideration, not 
for public use, and should be glad to hear from you. 

[P. S.] — T could Ix) elected by acclaniatiou to the Com- 
mons, but this would not be such an endorsement as would 
warrant the personal sacrifice which a seat in the Legis- 
lature involves to me. So my friends here regard it 
They do not desire me to run unless to fill the place my 
enemies say I so discreditably filled at the last session. 

IWoCkay's Stork, Alamance Co. 

To A. G. Foster. 

AsHEBORO, May ^th, 1860. 

I feel as you express 3'ourself that our Alamance friends RegardinK the scn- 
CDinniit a girat error in allowing Dr. W. to run. He will itJjJSo/^h*^"** 
secure a cold sujiport, not only in this County, but in his 
(iwn. I confess that 1 feel that the nomination is due to 
me, and that it will be quite a political blunder if a con- 
vention of delegates from the two counties be not held, 
but I should not feel honored by a nomination which I 
had any agency in bringing about. I have heard nothing 
from the proposed county convention at Graham, to have 
been held on the 28th ult. I presume it failed. Wat- 
son's frien<ls infx'nded to have it fail. My informntiou 
leads me to believe that a large majority of the Whigs of 
A. would rather vote for me than for Watson. If he and 
T wore eompetilors 1 slionid beat him nuich further than I 
beat Lane; but his friends will be active. Mine, not urged 
on by me, and unwilling to wound Dr. W.'s feelings, will 
do nothing. 

If A. do not nominate me, who is likely to be in the 
field in either County who can contribute anything to the 
development of our strength? 

118 North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

If A. must have the candidate, she ought to bring out a 
more efficient and more popular man. Such a man is 
Chesley Faucett. I could very cheerfully give up the idea 
of running if he were the candidate. I feel mortified, 
when I really believe we are about to get into the ascend- 
ant, to have so dull a man as Watson in the field. Mr. 
McAden has so recently come into the district that he 
ought not to think of running for the Senate. He would 
greatly strengthen himself for the future, as yon suggest, 
by insisting on my nomination. 

If A. insists on having the candidate Randolph ought 
at least to be heard in the selection among her own men. 
It is scarcely respectful not to meet us in convention. If 
they have appointed* no delegates, ought wo not to make a 
furtlicr demonstration at May Court '{ 

My repugnance to having Watson as our Cnndidatn for 
the Senate is very strong, but 1 cannot speuk out on the 
subject. He supported me warmly, as I will him, if noth- 
ing better can be done. W. J. Long, when I mentioned 
to him some time ago that Watson intended to be the can- 
didate, replied, with strong emphasis, "Tl)at shall not be ; 
I will not stand that." 

I am surprised that Govr. M. is anxious for me to run. 
I can not understand him. It seems to me lie should have 
explained himself to me. 

To J. 0. llnmar.y, 

AsiiEBORO, May J^th, 1860. 
Regardinv contest At the time I wrote my last JR. K. article I felt quite 

between Ramsev •' * 

Mends htrnsSrt^ Sensitive ; some of my friends thought I had gone too far 
*"*^*^- in my Plebs article. lk»lieving that I had more than vindi- 

cated myself and knowing, from the great length of the 
article, that it would not be republished in any other pa- 
pers, I had 600 extra copies of the Palnot printed. I soon 

Cohrespondenoe of Jonathan Worth. 119 

became satisfieil that all men of sense, as well Democrats 
as Wliigs, conceded that my triumph was complete; and 
especially among my constituency I found myself more 
than sustained, and in the press of a very diversified busi- 
ness I neglected to distribute many of the papers. I learn 
that it is supposed Mr. Fisher will be a candidate against 

vou. If so it has occurred to mo that tho circulation of 


these? pai)ers and your editorial might benefit you. 1 have 
alK)ut 50. If you think proper to give me the names and 
ofiices of persons to Avliom you would wish them sent, I 
will send them, and the parties may be kept in ignorance 
whence they came. 

A custom has prevailed between Randolph and Alamance 
to alternate the Senators, so I shall not be a candidate un- 
less Alamance call for me. I am informed that a large 
majority of the Whigs of Alamance wish to run me, but 
they were embarrassed by tho opposition of some of those 
men. I neither ask nor decline my nomination. [The rest 
of the page illegible,'] votes now, having gained many 
friends and lost none, save "the doer of odd jobs." 

fP. S.] — T have been unable U> get n bar of Fisher's 
iron weighed. 

To L. Blacktner. 

AKiiRnotto^ June 0th, 18G0. 

I am anxious lo know, bv the 3d Julv, the weight, per awincntforinror. 
linear yard, of the iron being used by ^fr. Fisher on his "'*** nrntcriois. 
contract from Hale's to ]!kIorganton. 

It has occurred to me that loads of it may he occasion- 
ally <le(ained at your place, so that a bar might be accu- 
rafely measured and weighed. 

I would by no means involve you or anybody else in my 
]{. 11. controversy, and will not use your name or that of 
any person you may secure to weigh it, without his or your 


120 NofiTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

I shall be greatly obliged if you will furnish me the in- 
formation, desired. 


To Oiles Mebane.^ 

AsiiEBORO, June 9th, 1860. 
My Dear Sir — 

SlitfnniiitorittUor "'^^ ^^^ brief iutcrviow wo hud at Orahuiii, you cxprosscd 

a wish tliat I would attend all your tux gatherings and that 
I would not discuss R. R. matters furtlier than might be 
necessary to my defense; you also mentioned that yon 
would probably not be present at the opening of the cam- 
paign in Alunuinee. F deem it neccsHary, Ik fore 1 juuke 
a speech in your County, to understand more fully what 
are the points in the 11. R. matter wliich you wouKl have 
me touch slightly. If vou sliall have made your arrange- 
ments to be at the first tax gathering you can explain to 
me orally. If not, 1 would like to have you write me your 
views. I took it, that as you have been a director since 
1855, you wished me to discuss the subject as not to com- 
pel you to defend your course as a director. 

The points which I may touch without in any way impli- 
cating you, I think, are: The Jno. C. McKae & Co.'s 
contract, the wood contracts, the right of way of Andrew's 
lot, the memorial to the Legislature of 1856 by a sub- 
committee of the Directors, setting forth the indebtedness 
of the com])auy, Dudley and Ashley and Moore aeoonut 
and negligence in collecting rents at shops; **l)cbts un- 
listed and not known to exist.*' 

I suppose you would prefer that I pass over the matter 
with which Genl. Trolinger's name is connected — the ex- 
press train, the Hotel and the omission to set apart and 
invest as a sinking fund atimially a sum sufficient to pay 

> Giles Mebane or Alamance. He bud been fretiuently a Wbig 
member of tbe General Assembly in tbe past. 


the $1)50,000 at maturity. The "rebuke" cast on me by 
tiic rc-elcH;tion of Mr. F. laRt July. 

The accounts of Dudley and Ashley and Moore were 
never seen by the Directors or by the Finance Com. They 
found their way to the books after the investigating com. 
was appointed. 

T may have misconceived your idea. I feel the deep- 
ebt possible desire for your election and will do anything 
I can properly do to promote your success, but it will be 
universally expected of me to discuss this matter, and I 
wish to do so in such manner as may be best for our cause, 
consistent with proper self-respect. 

If you can not be at your first tax gathering, please give 
me your general idea on this matter. 

^Ir. F. says his re-<^lection last sunnner was a "rebuke'' 
to me. 1 do not know how you voted. If you voted for 
his re-election, on what ground will you put the vote ? 

At what place does your sheriff begin his tax gatherings? 
How far is the jdace from Graham and in what direction 
from Graham? 

I think it will lie best for me to spend the first week in 
your County and the next week in Jlandolph. Vou and 
ilr. McAden can have a full field for debate and can fill 
it to the best advantage for yourselves. I intend, however, 
to be governed in this by your wishes. 

Tf convenient send me a list of all your tax gatherings. 


Cheslcy F. Faucelt. 

AsHEBORo, June 11th, 1860. 
r take it that, everybody in my district will expect me R»iuc8tfor8«p- 

.|. ., ' *.,. T^-»^ ..-^^ Rcstlons 08 to cam- 

to discuss the matters contained in my R. K. writinffs. Mr. pft«gn matcriAi for 

^ • '^ Alamance. 

IMebane, your most popular candidate, has been a Director 
since 1855, and so far as the Journals of the Co. show has 
concurred in all their proceedings, and as I am informed 
voted for the re-election of Mr. F. in 1869, and voted for 


tho dividend then declared, when there were no profits on 
hand, unless the company had ^^inoauH unlisted and not 
known" (to tho puhlic) "to oxint." J address you con/i- 
dentially; as a discreet friend, and ask for any suggestion 
yon may feel willing to make. 

[P, S.] — I am sincerely anxious for the success of Mr. 
Mehane and Mr. McAden. 

McCkay's Storje^ Alamance Co. 

To A. O. Foster. 

AsuEBORO^ June 25th, 1860. 

Fearing that Judge Saunders's ill-will at nic may have 
its influouco agaiust llie appointiueiit of my sou-in-hiw, 1 
deem it expedient to accompany my resignation with tho 
rccommondalion of all tho pi'oininent members of the bar, 
practising in this Court. Most of these have been consulted 
and have agrcHMl to recommend hiiu. And T presuiue all 
will readily sign it as there is no other |M»rson likely to ap- 
ply, at all qualified to fill the office. I prefer to have the 
list headed by you and W. J. Long. If you feel willing 
to sign it, please send it back with your signature by i-etum 
mail. Mr. Jackson will then take it to ifr. Long and to 
the Greensboro members of the bar. 

To C. F. Fauccll. 

AsuEiioiio, Juiw 2Slli, ISOO. 
Regarding cam- Yonr sui]:&:estions and my own reflections have led me 

palgn in Alamance °*^ ^ ^ ^ "^ 

to the conclusion that it will be unnecessary for me to more 
than make a general allusion to my K. Tl. report. Afy re- 
nomination and the cordiality with whieli it seems to he 
received are sufficient evidence of the approval of my 
constituents and would render a full revii'W unnecessary, 
if not in bad taste. 


I pro{K)8e to attend your first tax gathering and as many 
others na the Alaninnro friends may think desirable, but 
as you have t^vo speaking candidates and there will not 
be time for all, and as Randolph has no candidates accus- 
tomed to public speaking, I think I can do most good by 
attending many of the tax gatherings of Randolph. 

To Giles Mebaiw. 

AsiiEnoRO, June 28th, 1860. 

Since writing to you on the 9th inst., to which I have Jl5SmiCT*°i?o 
ri'ccivcd no reply, 1 have arrived at a conclusion rendering mUroftddiseiission. 
an answer from you unnecessaiy. I intend in your County 
to discuss none of the details of my R. R. report and 

I felt deeply indignant at the abuse heaped on me by 
the Democrats, which I felt was undeserved, especially 
when Mr. Fisher claimed his triumphant re-election last 
sunmier as disgracing and rebuking me; no one of any 
of my political friends who voted for his reelee.tion having 
nnderslfXMl, so far as I have heard, (hat (his construction 
of the vote was made under these circumstances. I had 
intended in self-vindication to go fully into the discus- 
sion of this matter. Your suggestion has led to reflection 
which has resulted in a change of purpose. My re-nomina- 
tioii and (he aj»parent cordialily with which it is received 
satisfy mo that my constituents fully sustain me; and in 
(his view it would seem egotistical to dwell on the matters. 
T shall simply make a general reference to it and going 
fully into ad valorem with a light touch on national poli- 

We are likely to have no candidate who can operate 
nnich on public opinion in this County. As you and Mc- 
Aden can say as much as the people can hear, and can 
say it no doubt more effectively for the general cause and 
your own benefit than I can, I think I had better be at 


!N^OBTH Carolina Histobical Commission. 

home part of the time for Public benefit. I will be at 
your first tax gathering. 

Regarding tho 
nimora as to 
UiiUe<1 States 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleigh, Nov. Z9, 'GO. 

You will have seen that all tlie important elections are 
over excepting that of Senator. The papers announce that 
Clingman has received the caucus nomination. I am con- 
fident that this is a mistake. On the contrary the under- 
standing here is that the Caucus laid on the table the mo- 
tion to nominate a Senator. I presume Union Demo- 
crats are unwilling to vote for him. T hear that sonio of 
ihem prefer IJedford Urown. 1 am not in tlie secrets of 
those that can control the election, but shouhl not be sur- 
prised if Urown should be the man. The Disunion in- 
fluence here is less potent than it was at the opening of 
the session. I hope no action will be taken as to our Fed- 
eral relation lK»fore the Christnuis holidays and that we 
diall then adjourn until the inauguration of Lincoln. If 
he should pledge himself to execute the Fugitive Slave 
Law, and do it, I care nothing about the question as to 
Squatter Sovereignty. If he adopt the Southern doctrine 
that a State may disregard an act of Congress at pleasure 
and such State should not be coerced — If S. C, for in- 
stance, seize the U. S. magazine and refuse to pay duties 
or seize the public arms in the Nafioiud Oai)ital Arsenal 
and he refuse to cot»rco the ohiMlieuce — it follows that ho 
ought not to enforce the execution of the Fugitive Slave 
Law in the nullifying free States — and in that case there 
is virtually no Union to dissolve; upon this idea we have 
no government, and it will be expedient to establish one. 



The late election of Clinginaii* to the U. S. Senate 
awakens painful reflections in every lover of Union, whose 
patriotism raises him above the influences of party. He 
has bc«n long known as a sympathizer with the Disunion- 
ists of S. C. — originally a Henry Clay Whig — reviling 
DeuKM'raey ni^ro than his loader, of lafc years he got his 
eye on his present position, abandoning all his early princi- 
]>lea and became a Democrat of the straightest order. At 
the opening of this Congress, iipon the reading of Presi- 
dent IJuchanan's message, he was tlie first to condemn it 
on account of its pacific tone. He has long been known 
as favoring Disunion. 

In the election for members of the present Legislature, 
it lias often Inren asserted in debate here and in no in- 
stanw* denied, so far as I have heard, that every member, 
while a Candidate, professed devotion to the Union and 
declared the election of Lincoln, which we all expected 
would happen, would not justify breaking up the Union. 
Since then no one pretends that any new cause of offense 
to the South has occurred. Tt is well known that nearly 
all the unpretendina: Democralic nienilKM's were at heart ito»}H^*wi8 in the 

* " , ^ Legislature. 

what they had professed to be before their constituents — 
LTnion men. But their leaders had doubtless joined the 
Southern league. Avery,* Hall,* Erwin,*^ Street,' Person/ 
Hoke," Bacdic»lor," Bridgers,^® in the first caucus, assumed 
the lead and <lemanded the decapitation of Holden, because 

^ This fragment of a letter in Worth's writing was probably to J. J. 

' Thomas L. Clingman, b. 1812. Whig member of Commons 1835 
and 1841 . Meml>er of Congress 1843-45, 1847-58. United States Sen- 
ator 1858-61. In 1850 ho became a Democrat. He was a Confed- 
erate Brigadier General during the war. In 1875 he was a member 
of the State Convention. 

• W. W. Avery of Burke. » Saml. J. Person of New Hanover. 
4 Eli W. Hall of New Hanover. "John F. Hoke of Lincoln. 

■ Marcus Erwin of Buncombe *Jos. B. Batchelor of Warren. 

• Nathaniel H. Street of Craven. > ^ Kobt. R. Bridgers of Edgecombe 

126 North Cabolina Historioal CoMMissiozr. 

he was known to be for Union. The rank and file were 
astounded. When required to abandon their old and ap- 
proved leader, one wlio was known to have been the very 
heart of Democracy for long years past, the most talented 
and hitherto tlie most infiuontial of their party, phiin, hon- 
est members, gaped in wonder; and very many of them 
had the moral courage, at first, to oppose their leaders. 
Many honest Democrats, largely interested in slave prop- 
erty, could not at first understand why a native North 
Carolinian, himself a slave owner, lately deemed worthy 
to be Governor and United States Senator and a Union 
man, was to be superseded by a man lately from England, 
naturalized last April, without interest in slaves, an 
avowed Disunionist, a man without social position in Ra- 
leigh, whero ho was best known. 1'lio inosL pt'oiitablo 
office in the gift of the General Assembly was the public 
printing. This first important move of the leaders was 
carried by a bare majority in Caucus; but being carried 
the rank and file, true to discipline, came in the next day 
and voted nnanimously for John Spelnian for public 
printer. The loaders next demanded that they should vote 
for Clingman. Many of the more worthy uionibors 


To c7. J, Jackson. 

Raleiqu, Dec. 17, ^60. 
preparauons for I can not find time to write you as often as I oudit to. 

To-day tlie Senate voted 27 to 16 to snapond the rules 
in order to pass through its 2d and 3d readings a bill 
offered this morning by Erwin, who is a manly disunionist, 
not a disunionist under the disguise of secession, author- 
izing the Gov. to expend $300,000 in buying arms. The 
reason given for this remarkable precipitancy is that there 
are reasons to fear that a considerable insurrection is on 
foot, and secondly, that just now a gun factory offcra him 
the guns at cash prices and payment to be made in State 


bonds al jxir. I need not say that such pretext is equally 
silly. The bill is made the order of the day for 12 to- 
morrow. ]t will probably pass its second and third read- 
ings. Its real object is to enable the Governor to arm vol- 
unteers to aid S. C. The State will soon be involved in 
war unless, to the great disappointment and mortification 
of the leaders in this General Assembly, the committee 
of «1«3 should make n pacifieatioli. 

Cass has resigned because B. would not reinforce Ft. 
^foultrie. This is the report here, fully credited. Cass 
is too much of a Statesman to connive at the refusal of 
the President to execute the laws. Lincoln would not be 
permitted to execute them. 

So So. Ca. will become another Paradise — By her cot- R«5«c«pn8oii 

■^ national condi- 

ton will rule the world — Get plenty of cheap negix)es from **®"^ 
Africa, and we mwy possibly be allowed to attach ourselves 
to her as an hiunblc dependency. Slavery, as Gen. Jack- 
son well predicted, is only a "pretext." 

Slavery is doomed if the South sets up a Southern Con- 
federacy. With Canada in effect for hor WortluTU Iwnler 
from the Atlantic to tho Pacific — all hating us, it is mad- 
ness lo think of any tin Jig v]m only to cut tho throats of 
the negroes or have our own throats cut. 

I am truly sorry that I am a member of this Assembly 
which I think contains less of patriotism than any like 
numlier of men ever assembled in this State since the close 
of the Itevolution. 

Nearly half of the Democratic members desire to pre- 
serve the Union, but they are the rank and file and will 
all ultimately follow their leaders — at least, vote for the 
measures of Avery and Co. — all of which, openly or in 
disguise, look to a dissolution. 

]2S North Carolina Historical. Commission. 

liemarks of Mr. Worth on the Proposition to call a Con- 
tion, in the Senaie, January, 1861.^ 

The proposition of the Senator from Guilford, as I un- 
derstand it, is to submit it to the vote of the people whether 
they will have a Convention, altogether unrestricted, with- 
out anything in the preamble or body of the resolutions 
declaratory of the purpose of the calling such Convention. 
1 recognize as the basis of our government the right of the 
|Kople to govern, and I am thcreforo willing, if the j^eople 
desire it, that such a Convention be called, free to con- 
sider and act on every principle of government, State or 
National, with this proviso only, that the action of such 
Convention shall have no validity until ratified by a vote 
of the poplo; but if the bill in any way iu<licntos ihal \]iv 
Convention is called lo consider our lV(h>ral rehilious, 1 
can not vote for it, because the Constitution authorizea 
the General Assembly to call no such Convention. Such 
Conventions have been nowhere called except for the pur- 
pose of carrying out secession. T will not discuss this 
doctrine as a constitutional remedy. This has k^en sufli- 
eiently done. Tt is sufficient for my present i)urposc». to 
declare that I regard it as a ruinous heresy, whether the 
present Union be preserved or a Southern Confederacy 
Ihj formed. 1 regard it as the seed of death in any Con- 
federation. A new Republic founded on it would be 
based on Disintegration. I can therefore vote for no bill 
which in any way squints toward a recognition of this doc- 

The ouly Convention to consider of Nalional aiTairs, 
which the General Assembly can constitutionally call, is 
a Convention provided for in the Fifth Article of the 
Constitution of the United States to pass on amendments 
to the Constitution of the United States previously pro- 
posed as therein prescribed. Any other Convention calh'd 
by the General Assembly to consider of National affairs 

> In Worth's wriUag. 


I regard as revolutionary, and I am sure my constituents 
are not ready for revolution for existing causes. 

A Resolution.^ 

Resolved, That while we recognize the right of the Genl. 
(Jovoniinont fo pnrrison nnd defend its forts within onr 
lionlc^i'fl, and deem it the duty of the President of the 
United States to protect and defend said forts against the 
aggression or adverse occupation of all persons whatso- 
ever; in the present state of affairs we think it highly in- 
expedient that tlic general Government exercise such right 
or make any other military demonstration, tending to civil 

Resolved, furlher, That while we earnestly deprecate a 
military collision between the authorities of the United 
States and the people or authorities of any State of this 
Union, we deem it inexpedient to declare, in advance, 
what part we should take, in the event of sneh collision, 
until all the attending circumstances shall be known. 


To My ConslilueiUs of the Counties of Randolph and 

On tlie 28th of February next you are called upon, by Theqn»Monofa 
nil act of the General Assembly, by yonr vote to declare ^**"^®" **"' 
whether or not you want a State Convention, restricted to 
the eonsiderntion of our National Affairs; and also, at the 
same time, to vote for delegates for said Convention, in 
case a majority of the whole State shall call it. The Act 
provides that the action of the Convention shall have no 

< This resolution is in Jonathan Worth's writing, and was proba- 
bly prepared by him during the General Assembly of 1860-61. 

130 North Carolina Historical Commisbion. 

validity until ratified by a vote of the people. I voted 
against this act because neither the Constitution of the 
United States, nor of this State, contemplates any such con- 
vention, — and because I can see no way by which it can 
do any good, and I fear it may do much niis(*liicf. 

Such a convention is a modem invention of South Caro- 
lina, to bring about a sort of legalized revolution. It has 
been adopted in most of the Southern States. All its 
original advocates were disunionists. Wherever such a 
convention has assembled, it has asserted 'the power to 
sever the State from the Union, and declare it an inde- 
pendent government. Under my oath to support the Con- 
stitution of the United States, I could not vote to call a 
convention to overthrow that instrument. 

I thought it improper for the General Assembly to ask 
you whether you want an unconstitutional C(mvi»nti<Hi. 
What can it do? It can do nothing only as a revolution- 
ary body. Everyl)ody looks for a remedy for our nationaT 
troubles, to an amendment of the Constitution of the United 
States. The Fifth Article of the Constitution of the 
United States prescribes two modes of amnnlmont. T 
give you the words: 
MeUiiidofamoiid- "The Conffvcss, wlicncvcr two-thirds of bolh houses shall 

Ing United States ^ ' 

Ooiistitation. deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this (\)n- 

stitution; or on the application of the Legislatures of 
two-thirds of the several States shall call a convention 
for proposing amondmonts, which, in either case, sludl Ikj 
valid, for all intents and purposes, as ])art of this (/onsti- 
tution, when rati lied by \\n) liegirtlalnres of llire(i-ft»uiilis 
of the several States, or by conventions in three- fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may 
be proposed by the Congress." 

Our wise fathers did not intend that the gr'feat funda- 
mental law — the Constitution — should be lightly altered. 
If bare majorities of the popular vote could have altered 
it, a wrillcii Constitution would have Wn idle. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 131 

You Avill 8CC that there arc two constitutional modes of 
amendment. Congress has been endeavoring to agree on 
amendments. There is little prospect that two-thirds of 
both houses can agree on anything. The members were 
all elected as partizans. Many of them have indulged 
in crimination and recrimination in mutual abuse of each 
oflier till thoy are not in the temper to act as patriots and 
slulesnicn. They hiivo become excited — excited men rarely 
act prudently and wisely. The other mode of amend- A ^ 

mrnt has not l)oen tried. Shall we not try all constitu- 
tional modes of amendment before we resort to strange 
and unconstitutional modes? That other mode seems pe- 
culiarly adapted to our present condition. Let a Na- 
tional Convention be called. Surely two-thirds of the 
State Avill join in such a call. If called, it is hoped wise 
and discreet men, not men lately engaged in party strife, 
will 1k5 called to fill it. Can anybody doubt that such an 
assembly could compose the National commotions. I do 
not doubt it. The provision for such a convention, in 
oommou with all their works, shows the forecast and wis- 
dom of our fathers. Tu such an assembly, composed of 
calm and pnideni iiumi, all seel ions could l>o heard, could 
interchange views, each could make some concessions to 
the feelings and prejudices of others, the same sort of 
concession we all have to make to each other in religion, 
morals, and everything else, which makes civilized society. 

They would agree on a basis of settlement. In all the 
States exc(;i)tiug South Carolina, perhaps in a few other 
Southern States, the people still cherish a love for the 
name of Washington and for the Union. The doings of 
such a convention would be likely to be heartily ratified 
by tlirw-fourths of the States. At all events let no one 
break uj) this great Union till we have fully tried all con- 
slitntioival modes of amendment. 

If the proposed State Convention does what its most ©anger of conven- 
ardent advocates desire it to do, it will be what all conven- 
tions south of us have done — declare the State out of the 

132 NouTii Cauolina Hi»tobioal Commission. 

Union and an independent State. Every artifice will be 
employed to make you believe that a convention is to bo 
called to save the Union. Jk^lievo it not. It is true, many 
members who are Union men voted for submitting it to a 
vote of the people whether they would have a convention 
or not, throwing upon you, with little time to consider, a 
responsibility which I think they should have met them- 
selves. A majority refused to pass an amendment allow- 
ing you to endorse on your tickets whether you are for 
Union or disunion. It will be said that the convention 
can do no harm since whatever it may do will have no 
validity till ratified by you. The disunion leaders boldly 
maintain that the Legislature can not restrict the conven- 
tion, that it may pass whatever ordinance it pleases, re- 
gardless of the restraints attempted to be imposed upon it 
by the Act of Assembly; and that it may, or may not, at 
its pleasure, submit its action to the people for ratifica- 
tion. If war begins it will probably be brought on during 
the sitting of the convention. 

unioiiiuu."**^' ^^ ^® "^^ ^^^^ policy of disiuiiouists to postpone hos- 
tilities until President TJuehannu goes out and Pn^sidrnt 
Lincoln comes in. 'J'hey will i)robably court a fight as 
soon as Lincoln takes the reins. If war shall have actually 
commenced before the convention closes its session, and 
an ordinance of secession be passed, it is to be feared that 
its action will not be referred to the people for ratification. 
Not one of the five States which seceded, though acting 
under no emergency, has submitted its action to the peojde 
for nililiratiou. Wo have not y(;l exlniuslcd conslilulioinil 
remedies. We can not have exhausted them before this 
convention shall assemble. Believe not those who may tell 
you tliis convention is called to save the Union. It is 
called to destroy it. If you deisire to preserve the Union 
vote "No Convention," and at the same time, be careful 
for whom you vote as delegates. 

When we shall have seen what the Commissioners shall 
effect, who are to meet in Washington on the 4th of Feb- 



ruary, to look for a remedy for the National disturbances, 
when we shall have called for a National Convention and 
it shall he refused, or shall have failed to accomplish a 
pacification, it will be time enough to resort to revolution. 
I think that those onlv should vote for a convention who 
regard disunion as the only remedy for the disease of the 

1 have felt it duo to you to present this hasty explana- 
tion of my views, on a momentous question on which you 
are called upon to vote with such extraordinary haste. 

To go into a discussion of the ground on which the dis- 
unionists claim that we ought to dissolve the Union, would 
require more time than I could properly withdraw from 
my legislative duties. I content myself with saying that 
I luive rnrefully road nearly all the debates in Congress, 
and I s( e no suflicicnt reason for abandoning the counsels 
of the Father of his Country, and the Government under 
which we have become the freest and most powerful nation 
of the earth, and launching, probably through civil war, 
upon \]\v, dark sen of experiment. 

Jonathan Wouth. 

To his Brother.^ 

AsHEBORO, March 10th, 1861. 
♦ ♦♦*#»»** 

In your lefter of the 8th inst., I was taken a little by sur- ,,, _, 

■^ ' •^ Dlncassioii or the 

prise. But I now fear to begin to believe that revolution SSSfand'pfaiwof 
can't be stayed, and if 1 consulted the dictates of prudence, co»nn">miiie. 
would, to some extent, yield to the current. I was sur- 
prised because the evidence has seemed to me abundant 
since the vote of La. and N. C. and the adjournment of 
(Vngress, the report of the j)eace convention, and the in- 
augural, that revolution was arrested. The votes of La. 
and N. C. raised a wall between the madness of the South 
and the uncertain turbulence of Va. which neither could 

« Probably B. G. Worth. 

134 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

pass. The plan of the peace Congress, when duly consid- 
ered, will be approved by an increased majority both North 
and South. Tt is letter for nil soctious and for the \vhi»Ui 
country than the Crittenden plan, that is, as to th(^ main 
qiu'stiou — territory; no more territory wouhl Ik» likely io 
be acquired at all, and if acquired, the slavery question 
would be settled simultaneously. Congress having ad- 
journed without passing the force bill and without supply- 
ing the executive with men or money to wage war, or even 
to reinforce Fort Sumter, the Prcst, as commander-in- 
chief of the army, would be compelled in a military point 
of view, and not in a recognition of the right of Secession, 
to evacuate Ft. Sumter. Lincoln's inaugural breathes 
peace to any candid mind. Since the final act of Congress, 
the President's inaugural and the vote of N. (\ against 
convention reached mo, I have considered the Kcvolntion 
arrested. Iteaction must soon follow in the United Slates. 

I do not know whether the Prest. has ordered the evacu- 
ation of Ft. Sumter, but I presume he has because Con- 
gress did not furnish him the moans of maintaining the 
occupation, in which I think Congress acted wisely. As 
to any other fort, still in the occupation of the national 
troops, which the Prest. can defend with the means at his 
command, he would make himself contemptible in the esti- 
mation of the world if he should voluntarily surn»ud(T 
them. lie is bound by his oath to protect the public pi*o))- 
erty and execute the laws so far as the legislative power 
will furnish him the means. 

T fear yon eanght a slight tinge of ghnini fnmi onr 
quondam friend Geo. Davis.* I know not how you regard 
him. You ought not to regard him any longer as a Whig. 
You have heard Vance's anecdote as to the pet lamb Billy. 

* George Davis, a proniinont incml)er of the WHinington bar, had 
beoome a secessionist after the I'eace Conference. As a member of 
the Whig party this change greatly incensed many of the party, lie 
was later C'Oufedorate Senator and Attorney Cieiienil in tlie Confed- 
erate Cabinet 



Say to Dnvis poraonally, "J?illy." lie has gone over, 
whatever he may think or say, to Democracy and red Re- 
publicanism. Democracy has fought for months with the 
rope around its neck. Its votaries should now have their 
coffins made and say their prayers. 

Twiggs ought not to be shot. lie ought to be hanged 
and his name for all tiuio to he written in connection and 
iniuiediately after IJrnedict Arnold. I am garrulous and 
will quit. 

To Rev, J amies McNeill. 

AsiiEBORO, March 16th, 1801. 

You will please discontinue sending me the Presbyterian. }in?,"?c*eof>Ipcr 
(treat as is uiy |KM-sonal regard for you, T can not reganl JJi^j%*'Sc|J[in\cniJ". 
it as (*(>iisis((*ut with my aeupo of duty to patronize a paper, 
even if it were a political one, which advocates Secession 
and seeks to alienate otie section of this coimtry against 
the other. I view with abhorrence both Secession and Abo- 
lition, I)oth ((pially tending and aimed, without sufficient 
cause, at the subversion of the floverumeut. \The re- 
viaimlrr of the Idler is illefjilde except for the following 
postscript^ : 

I object to any commentary on. this commimication 
through the press. I have directed my brother, J. A. 
Worth, to call on you and pay up my arrearage. 

To the people of Randolph County. 

Ralkioii, May, 1861. 
You know how (Mirnestly I have lalH)red to preserve the Koviowofhiafiui- 

•' I tilde townnlH wfw 

Union. I still regard it as the "paladium of our liberty." S^chaifgS!*""** ""' 
T have no ho|)e that so good a government will be built 
upon its ruins. I advised you last February to vote 
against a Convention, regarding it as a contrivance to over- 
throw the Government. There was then a majority in 

186 NoBTH Qaboi^ina HiBTOitioAi* Commission. 

North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Tennes- 
see, Kentucky, Mississippi, Arkansas in favor of preserv- 
ing the Union. T felt sure if a reconsideration could not 
be effected, war must ensue — and if war was conunenccd 
by either party, it would engender hatred between the sec- 
tions and greatly widen the breach. I have always be- 
lieved and still believe that the doctrine of secession, as a 
peaceful and constitutional mode of withdrawing a State 
from the Union, an absurdity; and that it was the right 
and t]iu duty of (he Federal (Joveniiiient, to execute the 
laws and protect the public property by military force in 
such seceding States; but after seven States had been al- 
lowed without molestation, to assert this doctrine of seces- 
sion and set up and put in operation a new government — 
i\Ui)V all 11h^ Federal (»Hieers withiu (li(*ir liuiils had rr- 
signed and they had possessed themselves without resist- 
ance of all the forts, exeei)ting Fort Suuilcr and Fort Pick- 
ens, on the mainland in seven States, I deemed it highly 
inexpedient for the Government to attempt coercion by 
military force: because, 

First — it would result in a bloody civil war — and could 
not end in a restoration of friendly union. 

Secondly — because I thought Congress had indicated, 
by refusing to pass a force bill, that it was inexpedient at 
that time, to use military power to retain or regain the pub- 
lic property, through the agency of a Sectional President, 
which indication I supposed the President, as the power 
appointed to execute the Legislative will, would observe. 

Thirdly — I supposed that President, though he had ol>- 
tained .power by the advocacy of Sectional doctrines, tend- 
ing to dissolve the Union, still desired to preserve the 
Union ; and any man of ordinary common sense knew that 
any attempt on the part of a president elected by one sec- 
tion, to compel by force of arms, the other section which 
had been allowed quietly to accomplish revolution and es- 
tablish a government, would 1k» resisted — and all the nieu 


ill the saiiic 8taU*s, still adhering to the Union, would be 
rendered impotent to resist the current of Revolution. 

The President must have known that all of us in the 
Slave States, who in spite of the unfriendly action of the 
North, had barely become able to stand up for the Union 
would be crushed by the first gun he fired against the 
South. I believed he still desired to protect our rights 
and pre«(»rve \hv Union, and that he had some sympathy 
with those of us who had breasted the current of Disunion, 
and that he would not voluntarily drive us out of the 
Union — though the President had been elected as a parti- 
san, upon one Sectional idea, I hoped and believed, when 
he and his i)arty had attained control of the government, 
that he was enou|2:h of a statesman and a patriot to exert 
his ])owers to protect our rights and preseiTe the Union. 
Clav and Jackson and all the statesmen of the land, when 
South Carolina first asserted the Doctrine of Nullification 
and Secession, held that extraordinary Legislation was 
necessary to enable the executive to sui)press the rebellion. 
The last (\>ngr(»ps had refused the extraordinary legisla- 
tion — the legislative will was therefore clearly expressed, 
that thert* should be no attempt at military coercion, aiul 
for some weeks after the inauguration of Lincoln, his ad- 
ministration allowed it to be understood that they intended 
to act in conformity to the will of Congress and evacuate 
Fort Sumter and Fort Pickens — and thus allowing ex- 
<*itc»d passi(»nH to subside, leave to the next Congress to de- 
termine what was to be done. But suddenly and without 
explanation, a fleet is fitted by the President and notice 
given to the Southern Confederacy that Fort Sumter would 
lx» provided for peaceably or forcibly, ^fen of war were 
Hcnt to (^harl(»sl.ou Harbor — thru Fort Sumter was attacked 
and taken. The first gims were fired by the Southern 
nnny, but this was after they had notice from the Presi- 
dent that he intended to retain possession of the Fort by 

[TA(? remainder is missing, hid the substance of it was 
an appeal to the people to unite in defense of the South.'] 


138 North Cabolina Historical Commission. 

From Thos. Macon. 

May 0th, 1801. 

for*u^ervftUoi?of having had an acquaintance with your father an<l 
Syiii^oteitiuJ^ *"^ attaehniciit to him for the iu»blo anil gi'ni»roiia 

principles held by him, I have felt the same attachment for 
the Worth family and, as you know, have supported them 
on all occasions. I have been, it seems from my feelings, 
for some days compelled to pen some thoughts to you that 
you may know my f(»(ilings and anxiety for tin; pres( rva- 
ticn of this Union which feels so dear to me. My father 
and three uncles fought for it, two of whom lost their lives ; 
is there any amongst us who has lost more ancestry blood 
than myself? then dear friend think it not strange if I 
entreat you to save the ship, save the ship, S2)ve the ship 
or let not the noble (\)unty of Uandolph stain her hand in 
its los8 — was not there once a nullitieation spirit gotten up 
at the North '< KememlK'r the Hartford Convention and 
liow President ^Monroe treated the connnushingers* sent to 
him from it, gentleujcn I can not receive you only as 
privet citizens, rather than see him in this capacity they 
^nieak off home, whoted and made fiui of in every tA)\\\\ 
dirough which they passed — the people did not follow 
there leaders but it seames flew to armes and made peace — 
by the Vermonters in the affere of Plattsburg and that of 
Stonington, what next we here that a man by the name of 
Cooper was sent over to Cohnubia, St>ulli (\irolin:i, as a 
leader in their College to fill the young students* minds 
with the seed and doctrine of nullifu'atiou, which was soon 
done, and South Candina nulliiied and kindled the tin* to 
bust the Union, but it failed. The digest of South Caro- 
lina (says a writer) reclaims the name and titles of the 
King, and his officers so arranged that an uninformed 
reader from that work would not determine whether she 
was a state of the Union or a British Province. Hence 
the old seed of Toryism as a foundation for Nullification 
Cecession and a combustible to take fire and exploile in the 

' CommiBsionera. 


Iniul llic oiul at. which bIic liaa niuKMl for forty years is at 
last accomplished; and what has she done, she has filled 
the country with jealousy, war armies, expenses, murder, 
rapine with all the horrors concomitant on war — and then 
Eve-like casts the blame on the North and Old Lincoln — 
but Avorse than this, several of the States are now assisting 
her to fan the flames and consume this once haj)py country, 
<*oiilrary to VVaahiugton's advice and councile, which was 
to exhume any man an enemy who should mention or iu- 
tiiiiatc a wish to split or divide the Union, observing united 
we stand, divided we fall. I had an interview with an 
old man 77 years old the other day near South Caroliny 
he said his father was born in Virginia come to S. C. 
and nuirriod before the llevolution but in the time of the 
war the Tories were so bad he had to go back to Virginia 
and stay til peace was made. Can it be possible that the 
goo<l and once virtuous people of these Southern States 
will choose this tyrannical state for their leader? O yes, she 
has become changed and virtuous enough to be our leader 
and will lead us on to con(picat and to glory bnt J hope 
you will use yonr influence to save the ship — slay not 
yonr noble principles bnt plead that wo follow the cxainplo 
of Kentucky and Tennessee. The treachery of man in the 
heart and bowels of our country has been very great. O 
my God, what is to come! Do thou protect the ship: 
bring to nanght the wicked council of the ungodly. 

Now dear fri(»nd as 1 have l)oen in the habit of looking 
np to you for advice but we have falling on strange times 
it seems. Saten has turned loose, Having great power 
and authority and has filled the earth full of lies from one 
end to the other: and fear has taken hold on me so that 
I know not what to do I fear there are unprincipal men 
enough to take the lives of men already have been called 
an old abolitionist — ^\vhat next. 

P. S. I have hoped that the good sense and virtue of 
thcr people would save the ship from the rocks, by the 
superintending Providence of God but it seems gon. O 

• t 

^•10 KTottTii Cauolina IIistouical Commission. 

that the American people had cultivated the publick mind, 
taken good heed to themselves and their Country, we arc 
ft ruined people, ruined mined, what a diaugc. T liavt^ 
written a few unconnected thoughts thinking you are bet- 
ter able to understand than myself and will do your duty. 
Farewell now to farewell in time and in eternity is to do 

To n. L. Myrover. 

AsiiEHOuo, May 6, '61. 

£Spie*of Ran-"*® I have just got home to stay two days at our Court now 
S3iph tovoiunteer. ^^j^g gj^^jj ^^^^^^.^ ^^ Raleigh next Wednesday. I en- 
close receipts for your papers which reached h(»ro aft(»r I 
left for Italcigh. A!y mind Ix^canie so painfully eud)ar- 
rassed with the condition of our Country that I forgot to 
call for your papers. I am still jjainfully impressed with 
my total impotence to accomplish anything tending to the 
preservation of our Country from the calamities of civil 
war. The best chance I see is to present a united front. 
I shall therefore on to-morrow uso whatever of influence 
I ])Ossess to induce our people to volunteer. 1 shall take 
this course as the best to bring about peace. I wish I 
could hope for the re-establishment of as good a govern- 
ment as that we have overthrown. With sorrow I now co- 
operate and unite with a majority of my State. 

To Cynis J\ Mciulcnhall. 

AsiiEBouo, May 0, 1861. 

vmm^ejoung Reflection has at last brought me to this conclusion that 
men to vofuiitoer. ^^^^^ ^^j^ y^ preserved, if it can be by any honorable 

means — and that this is likelier to be attained by unity 
>*' among ourselves — and determined, \mited military resist- 


In this view I shall take the stump to-morrow and urge 
our young men to volunteer. 


The painful uiiccrtniiity in my mind Jis to the wisest 
course to pursue and a deep consciousness that I have not 
ability to tlie emergencies of the times, made me deter- 
mine at one time to resign. I have reconsidered and in 
fnct did so before I left Raleigh. 

To T. C. and U. G. Wovlh. 

AsHEnouo, May IS, 1861. 
There arc few men in so unhappy a frame of mind as Anxious roflecUom 

'^^ •' ^ ^ on tho KtAte of tho 

myself. If I could believe there was a prominent man in country, 
the nation, urging and controlling either of the sections; 
of real probity and honor and fair-mind, uninfluenced by 
s<»lfish ends, I could And in this conviction some consola- 
tion. If I could see beyond the conclusion of the present 
strife nnv probabilitv of the re-cstablishment of a whole- 
some state and government, cither re])ublican or monarch- 
ical, it would give me some relief, however much blood 
and treasure it might cost. The prtfy monarchies or re- 
])ublies which must spring up on the establishment of the 
diK'trine of secession and tlu^ overthrow of AVnshington's 
|>opuiar idea of a umled government, must involve the 
European plan of preserving government by the Cartridge 
box, instead of the ballot box. This must bring with it 
incalculable woe to the masses. This continent ought to 
1m» n vnilvd gov<M'nnieuf. Popular g«>vernnM»nt is proving 
itsc^lf a fallacy and delusion. Virtue and order are un- 
c(puil to a cnnl.c*st with ambition and selfishness. The de- 
sire to avoid the carnage arid wickedness of war makes me 
desire a pacification on the only basis now possible, tho 
recognition of the Southern Republic, but I confess that 
the argument carries much force to my mind that the evils 
growing out of the recognition of secession and the im- 
measurable petty govemments which must spring from it, 
will probably overbalance the loss of life and property 
which the war will occasion. Will not the North West 
submit to self-immolation if they recognize secession ? Pe- 

142 KoBTH Cakolina Histobioal. Commission. 

cuniary selfishnesSy if the doctrine be once acknowledged, 
will make N. Y. adopt it 

Another view which distresses ine is this. Slavery thus 
far, has been only a pretext for this sectional contest. The 
multitude, North and South, regard it as the cause. This 
makes the North regard it as the sum of all sins. If the 
civil war is protracted and Northern troops sent among us 
they will ultimately incite insurrection. The poor negroes 
will be killed. 

I uui pained that 1 occu]>y a phicc in the public counsels, 
because I ain impotent to do anything which my judgment 
and conscious approve. I can not avert the war, consistent 
with the re-establishment of a government so good as that 
we pull down. Whilst I can not hesitate where no choice 
is left, only to light for the South and home, or for the 
North, if I should fall in such a contest, I would find in a 
dying hour no comfort in the conviction that 1 had sacri- 
ficed my life in a just cause. It is true that I believe Lin- 
coln had no right to call out tlie militia, make War and 
blockade the ports, when Congress, with full knowledge of 
the existing state of the rebellion, had just refused to pass 
the foree bill, — and conceding to him the right, if re- 
union was his object, he showed want of common sense in 
adopting the course he did. If the restoration of the 
Union was his object, which I believe was his object, — 
then he is a fool. If his purpose was to drive oflF all the 
Slave states, in order to make war on them and annihilate 
Slavei-y, then he is a Devil and in the latter supposition T 
could fifcht with a hearty gcM)d will. 

I hope your customers are honorable and that the war 
and the stay law will not engulph you. I am struggling 
to make corn, wheat, etc. 

[P. S.] I do not expect you to reply. I have unbos- 
omed myself because there is nobody else to whom I can 
do it [One line illegible'] only 703 votes yesterday instead 
of 2,611. We are getting up volunteers, principally in 
the class of which armies are commonly composed. 


To Springs, Oak & Co. 

AsiiEBORO, May ISth, 186L 
J have just returned from Haleigli. The State regardb criticirai ofUn- 

colli* PiOCCoBlvJr Oi 

the impending war as a sectional one and all seemed deter- war. 
mined to repel it. A large majority up to the issuing of 
J^incoln's proclamation were firm for the Union. Some of 
us would have made any sacrifice to preserve it. The small 
concessions made by the last Congress had strengthened us. 
Lincoln prostrated us. lie could have devised no schenu* 
more effectual than the one he has pursued, to overthrow 
the friends of Union here. Whether this was his design 
in order to make war upon slavery, or his purpose only 
what he professes, we are in doubt [Next three lines il- 
legible.^ Wliatever may lx» his purpase, any sensible man 
could foresee, and tliis act of his will jirove, that he is tlie 
most efficient auxiliary of the secessionists. 1 have been 
the most i>ersevering and determined public man in my 
State to preserve the Union — the last to abandon the hope, 
that the good sense of the Nation would prevent a collision 
l)etwecn the extremes, each of which 1 viewed with equal 
abhorrence. I am left no other alternative but to fight for 
or against my Hecti(Hi. I can not hesitate. Lincoln has 
made us a unit to resist until we repel our invaders or die. 
I can see no hope in the future, whatever may be the issue 
of the fight, which now seems inevitable. The best chance 
for nliinuile re-union Avould l)e a )H;aceable separation. 

Our Ix^gislature is terrible. You will have seen our 
new stay law. All collection for creditors at home and 
abroad is cut off, without any security to creditors. 

Will you please let me know how accts. stand between 
mo and you ? T intend to ]>ay the little T owe North and 
Soiilli, if I can be permitted to do so without being a 

Read Gov. Graham's speech to the Hillsboro volunteers, 
published in the Standard this week. It is a true ex- 
ponent of the views of all quondam Union men here. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

To D. O. WoHh. 

Anxious rcllot;- 
tloiiii on llie state 
or the country. 
Qlooniy forobcNi- 
inga or the Aiture 
orthe South. 

AsiiKiiouo, May 15, ISdL 

I have bwn forcetl by surrouiuliiig f jurts to take siiU^s, or 
rather front, with my scetioii. 1 regard a prndent peace, 
even accompanied with the contemplated secession of the 
State, and her union with the Confederate States, as pre- 
ferable to a civil war on a gigantic scale; but I have not a 
particle of confidence in the wisdom or tlie ])atriotisui of 
the new rulers to whom we submit. I leave the Union and 
the flag of Washington because I am subjected and forced 
to submit to my master — democracy, detesting it with 
more and more intensity, as I become better acquainted 
with its leaders and its objects. I still lK»liove that no ro- 
spectable and stable government can ever be established iu 
America, except on the plan of a Union, such as that w»; 
are wickedly and foolishly overthrowing. Even on the 
plan of a peaceful separation. North America will soon 
become Mexicanized. New York will next secede, the 
doctrine being once recognized. The great and populous 
Northwest, cut off from the Ocean, excepting by the as- 
sent of foreign states will open a road to the great highway 
of Nations with the sword — but if the free States act on 
the plan they now avow of preserving the Union by force 
of arms, no odds at what cost of life or treasure, the civil 
strife will soon beget the most diabolical purposes. The 
masses, already deluded, with the notion that Slavery is 
the cause, when in fact, it is now only the pretext with the 
leaders of both sections, will proclaim freedom to the 
slaves and arm them against us. 

I think the South is committing suicide, but my lot is 
cast with the South and being unable to manage the ship, 
I intend to face the breakers manfully and go down with 
my companions. 

These are my calm conclusions, 

I have been deeply pained at the responsibilities of my 
position. I have become resigned from conscious impo- 


teiioc to do niiythiiig to inipcilo the evils upon us, and have 
(*oiudiid( d to drift with the ciinriit, keeping a sharp lookout 
for sonic opportunity, by the aid of Divine Providence, to 
divert the ship of State from the gulf of ruin towards 
which we are bound. 

What are your plans ? Will you stay in Wilmington, or 
n»hirii ti> the bark country and niako com till the war is 
over i 

Soon after the Fourth of July war will begin in earnest, 
if not sooner ; or peace will be made. The former, in my 
opinion, is most probable. I do not think the North is 
making her military preparations as a mere bravado. 

In the event of war can you continue your business with 
any prospect of success? If an invasion of this State be 
nia<le, is not Wilmington likely to be one of the first places 

J lave you attached yourself to any of the military or- 
ganizations so as to forbid your removing from Wilming- 
ton ? In times of war some must remain at home to pro- 
vicle fcKwl for the soldiers and protect and feed the women 
and childn'ii. I hope y(»u will iH>t allow the ardor around 
you or the apprehension of not being deemed brave, to 
make you forget that you can contribute to the defense of 
your country, as effectually as you could by going into the 
army — and at the same time take care of your wife and 

To Dr. C. W. ^yoo1en. 

AsiiEDORO, May 17th, 1861. 
T have made Ri>ecial incpiirv into the cost question against ReRnminK emits in 

* ^\ ' ^ ' ^ rnno of Dniilel 

yoii and the other WHMirities of haniel Worth — having first ^vw"»- 
taken the ])aiiis to examine the authorities. 

It is decided by the Supreme Court in the case State vs. 

Saunders and others, 1 Ilawkes, p. 355, that the securities 

to an appeal bond in a criminal case, where the judgment 

from which appeal was taken is confirmed, are liable to all 


146 NoBTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

the State costs iu the Superior Court and the Supreme 
Court, excepting the prison, fee. I have seen S. G. Worth 
this morning and learn from him that the State Solicitor 
has at length given np all claims beyond this. At the 
Spring Tenn he was authorized to demand all the costs in 
both cases, and not to receive forfeitures, but to issue exe- 
cution for them, unless the whole of the costs was paid. I 
instructed him to disregard this instruction and throw the 
responsibility on me, and he accordingly received the 
amount of the forfeiture and tlie cost of the pnxHMMliugs 
and to enforce them and with the assent of the attorneys, 


prosecuting for the State, he claims only what he is bound 
to demand according to law, to wit^ the State's costs in the 
Supr. and Supreme Court in the case tried, excluding 
prison fees. No costs are now claimed on the case not 
tried, and none of defendant's costs are either called for 
and the County luis made an order diroi:ting the prison 
fees to be paid out of the forfeitures. The order given by 
your nephew is not, I understand, for a sum sufficient to 
pay the costs for which you are liable as security for the 
appeal to the Supreme Court. 

I am filled with horror at tlie condition of our country. 
According to my notions of Government, there is mucli 
that is wrong on both sides. Tlie AlK)litionists of the Frei^ 
States ought not to have agitated the slavery question at 
all, even conceding that their feeling is right. It only 
tends to make the treatment of slaves more vigorous and to 
encourage bitterness between the two sections. When it 
was seized upon as a party question it was easy to see it 
must soon become sectional and that is purely sectional. 1 
have always regarded the dissolution of the Union as the 
greatest misfortune which could befall the whole nation 
BeTiewofhu poBi- and the whole human race. Hence I have abhorred the 

tion as regards the 

'tSoS!''""" ^^ "** agitation of the slavery question as tending to this result. 

Acting on that conviction I have used all the eflPorts in my 
power to stay what I r^rded as the madness of both si'C- 


tionsy aiut in tlie immediate sphere of my influence have 
impresseil my views upon others. My immediate constit- 
uents sustained me with greater unanimity than did the 
constituents of any other representative. I was the first 
public man in the State to call on the people to vote down 
the Convention on the 28tli Feb., on the ground that the 
(Milling of it would tend to a dissolution of the IJiiion. 
Everybody attributed to me a larger share of the credit or 
discredit of defeating the call of a Convention than to any 
other man in the State. I regarded the result in N. C. 
and Tenn. as arresting the march of madness. Union men 
had gained strength up to the proclamation of Lincoln. 
If he had withdrawn the garrison of Fort Sumter on the 
principle of a military necessity and in obedience in what 
sooined to bo the will of Congress in refusing to pass tlie 
force bill, this State and Tenn. and the other slave States 
which had not passed the ordinance of Secession, would 
have stood up for the Union. In the feverish state of the 
popular mind, if he be a man of good sense, he knew he 
would crush the Union men in the Slave States by the 
l>oli(»y ho adopted. All of us who had stood by the Union, 
felt til at he had abandoi^ed us and surrendered us to the 
tender mercies of Democracy & the Devil. He must have 
kno^vn that he was letting loose on us a torrent to which 
we could oppose no resistance. It may be said, theoreti- 
cally, that this should not have been the cflFoct. Statesmen 
should have common sense. All sensible men knew it 
would be the effect. We are still at a loss to determine 
whether he is an old goose, as well as each of his advisers, 
thinking to preserve the Union by his course, or whether 
lie l>ecnme approhonsivc that the Union men were about 
to gain strength enough in the South to stay Secession and 
he desired to drive us all into rebellion, in order to make 
a crusade against slavery and desolate our section. In the 
former case he is a fool: — in the latter — a devil. He 
could have adopted no policy so effectual to destroy the 
Union. Since the issue of that great proclamation, it is 

148 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

unsafe for a Union man in even N. C. to own he is for 
the Union. The feeling is to resist to the deaths Union 
men feel that jnst as they liad got so thoy conl<l stand on 
their legs, IJncoln had heartlessly turned them over to the 
uu»rcy of their enomitu We feel that his (MH>|M'rati(»u with 
the Secessionists left us no alternative but to take arms 
against our neighbors, or to defend ourself against his 

I am still a Union man, but for military resistance to 
Lincoln, believing that Lincoln and his cabinet have acted 
on their mistaken impression that their policy was the best 
for the preservation of the Union, and that they do not 
intend to proclaim servile insurrection. If the latter is 
the design the South can be conquered only by extermina- 
tion. If his purposes be, as he says, to r(*spect pro)iorty 
and discountenance rebellion or insurrection among our 
servile popidation, and our people become satisfied of this, 
many of our people will not willingly take arms. 

I see no hope of any good and stable government except 
in the United govoruinent we are ])ii1ling down, it cau 
not bo united by war. If peace be immediately made, it 
will soon re-unite, with an anti-secession clause. 

Write me again soon. The Quakei*s here will not be- 
lieve your statements as to your Quakers volunteering and 
the floating of the Stars and Stripes over a Quaker Church. 

To Qaius WinningJuim. 

AsiiEnoRO, May 20, '61. 

Knowing that you are an ardent personal and political 
friend and that you cannot hear well, and that you are 
concerned on account of the slanders which my ignoble po- 
litical opponents are industriously circulating, not to pro- 
mote the good of the country by breaking me down, but to 
gratify personal malevolence — I desire to say to you that 
I have changed no political opinion I have heretofore main- 


1 still finiily believe in the wisdom and virtue of Wash- Rcnectionson the 

** real causes of the 

ingfoii and tlie early promoters of onr government and that ^"• 
no other divided government can ever be built up so good 
as the United one we are pulling down — and hence I abhor 
the Northern Abolitionist and the Southern Secessionist, 
both co-operating with different objects, to break up the 
Union, but the whole nation has IxH'omo mad. The voice 
of reason is silenceil. Furious passion and thirst for 
blood consume the air. Democracy and Abolition, moved 
and instigated by the Devil, are the opposing factions. 
Nobody is allowed to retain and assert his reason. The 
cartridge box is preferred to the ballot box. The very 
women and children are for war. Every body must take 
sides with one or the other of these opposing factions or 
fall a victim to the mob or lose all power to guide the tor- 
rent when its fury shall begin to subside. It is barely pos- 
sible that the leaders may pause before the carnage fairly 
sets in. The best chance to produce such pause and pre- 
vent war, is for us to show a united purpose to enlist — 
besides, if wo must fight, none of us can hesitate to fight 
for our \vives — our homes — our sections. I have there- 
fore concluded to urge our young men to volunteer. Di- 
vision or hesitation among us will but invite the invasion 
of the black Republicans. My maxim has always been 
to choose among the evils around me and do the best I can. 
I think the amials of the world furnish no instance of so 
groundless a war — ^but as our nation will have it — if no 
peace can be made — ^let us fight like men for our own fire- 

I write this for your own personal satisfaction — not for 
the public eye, — not that T desire to conceal my views, but 
Wcause in the present frenzied state of the public mind it 
will be distorted — ^misrepresented, and can do no good. 

150 North Carolina Hibtobxoal Commission. 

To John B. Troy. 

AsHEBOBO, May £1, 1861.^ 

Abolitionism and Democracy, aided and instigated by 
the Devil, have forced everybody under the one or the 
other of their banners. Democracy is only simulating har- 
mony with Union men. It was never more malignant to- 
wards its old opponents. The reluctance witli which I 
have submitted to subjugation makes mo particularly ob- 
noxious to low, mean democrats about home. \_Rest of 
letler illegible.'] 

To Johnson and Farnsworth. 

AsHKBOBo, May 22nd, 1861. 
§f'\??..**i'**tt"8^*" .This State is now a perfect unit as the North seems to 

North CaroIiuA. * ^ 

Uio^NmTiuirsoifth- ^' ^^ ^^^ dcsirod or worked harder thani myself to pre- 
ern Uiiiuiiitiia. serve the Union, but the Abolitionists North and the lire- 
eaters South have gradually forced everybody into the 
ranks of the one or the other. In N. C. the Union senti- 
ment was largely in the ascendant and gaining strength 
until Lincoln prostrated us. Congress having refused to 
pass the force bill, we felt that the President could aban- 
don Sumter and Pickens without any sacrifice of his prin- 
ciples, but in conformity with the Legislative will. He 
induced the whole South so to believe. The assurance of 
Seward to Judge Campbell seems to have been made with 
deliberate duplicity, and we can not doubt that Mr. Lin- 
coln knew liis policy would disarm all Union men in the 
Soullu^'ii Stales, lie did more tlinu all the Heccssionists 
to break up the Union, but whether he did this, not being 
statesman enough to comprehend the effect of his measures ; 
or whether his purpose was to drive all the slave States 
into rebellion, thinking he could bring against us men 
enough, with the aid of a servile insurrecftion, to overthrow 
us and abolish Slavery, we are in doubt. If the Union 
be restored, the War must at once cease. Our white popu- 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 151 

Intioii and our slaves will resist to the death. 1 infer from 
all I can sec that Lincoln's measures have united the 
North. The have certainly united North Carolina. The 
North must stop her warlike measures and consent to a 
severance of the government — or the God of Battles must 
long gloat over the carnage of alienated brethren. Reason 
has h»ft. lt«g«' controls Imth sections. 

God save the Country. — 

Gov. Graham, as I presume you know, is universally re- 
spected for every quality which should commend the re- 
gard of good and wise men. He was as strong for the 
TTiiion as E<lward Everett till Lincoln's proclamation. I 
cMiclosc a late speech of his. Have it published in some 
of your loading ])apors, I>et good men North and South 
understand each other. 

l^)STON, Mass. 

To Joseph Utley. 


AsHEBORO, May 28 ^ ^61. 


I think there is no reliable date on which to base any war feeUng in the 

South. Hopes of A 

opinion as to the continuafice of the war. If Lincoln and ■etuement. 
his cabinet exhibited any marks of statesmanship^ I should 
think there would be peace very soon. I think, however, 
that lie and his advisers want common sense, and hence 
I can draw no conclusions as to what they will do. There 
seems to bo no alternative to the South, only between in- 
dependence and humiliation. I have feelings that we can- 
not be conquered — if Southern Democracy will permit 
tlie rest of us to co-operate with them on terms less hu- 
miliating than absolute vassalage to them. This is doubt- 
ful. Their unmanly course towards us thus far is only 
less galling than submission to Lincoln. The war, how- 
ever, is so manifestly suicidal that I still hope that the 
good sense of the free States will get into the movement 

162 NosTU Cabolina Histobioax. Commission. 


and arrest the war before rage and passion shall have 
ruined the land. I fear the incident at Alexandria will 
add fuel to the flame North and South. 

Randolph, like myself, was slow to come to the con- 
clusion that Abolitionism and Secession were the only 
Commanders in the field — ^both, as we believed, moved and 
instigated by the Devil. The moment we perceived that 
we had to be the followers of the one or the other we all 
enrolled ourselves as true and liege vassels of Secession. 
Wo now havo at least JJr>0 vohinto(a*s in fragments of com- 
panies. I think three or four companies will be made up 
within a few days. 

B. F. Hoover, Doct. Lane, aided by others of like cali- 
ber, have lied so persistently as to make Tom. Waddell, 
Adgt. Oonl. IToko mid ollu^r such f(M>ls Im^IIovo ihail 1 
was not true to the South and that Randolph concurrcil 
with me. Tt soniotimos iuak(>s my blood boil a littlo 
when I know that men, having no connection with slaves, 
excepting with one sex, and that connection not that of 
master and slave, endeavoring to make the impression that 
I favor abolitionism. It is the privilege, however, of such 
poor devils and does me no permanent injury. 

We are all well. 

To Samuel TL Walkup.^ 

AsiiEBOKo, May 2Sth, 1861. 

\V. S."] — Wo have 5 incipicMit nunpanios of voluntcvrs, 
some nearly full and all filling up rapidly. We have been 
slow to move,, but will fight the stronger. 

' Samuel H. Walkup, of Union county, was State Senator fVom 
1858 to 1862. He was a lawyer by profession and a Whig In politics. 
He was a General of militia. 


To H. B. Elliott. 

AsiiBBOBo, May 30th, 1861. 

We are in the midst of war and revolution. N. C. criticism of Lin- 
coln s Muninistn- 

would have stood by the Union but for the conduct of the tJon^retpoMibie 
national adniiiiistraHon whicli for folly and simplicity 
cxchhmIs anylhiiig in niod(»ru history, as N. (/. is strictly 
a unit for resistance and everywhere is heard the sound 
of the drum and fife. Shubal is drilling his company — 
Several other companies are nearly formed in this County. 
Whither are we bound? — I feel that we cannot be con- 

Spbinofield^ Mo. 

To A. G. Foster and W. J. Long.^ 

Asheboro, June 5, *61. 
I have loni' entertained the opinion that the best inter- Nccdorcouvcn- 

. , Uon's assuming 

ests of the State required that the convention resume the icgisUttiYe powers, 
general logislntive power, and that the Ooneral Assembly 
oufi^lit not again to convene, which I believe I expressed to 
both of you, being, as I think, in the interim of Conven- 
tion a disposition to do so, I take occasion again to say my 
first impression gains strength as I reflect on it. Your 
ImmIj was solieited in reference to the monstrous changes 
in the government, and is a far abler body than the Qenl. 
Assembly. It is less nninerons and therefore more effi- 
cient and less expensive. 

I have yet fully to realize my condition. Abolition afnd 
1 )oin<H!racy moved and instigated by the Devil, have com- 
pelled mo to choose one or the other as my master. Re- 
garding Demoeraey as far the better master I have 
marched under her banner — am laboring as becomes a 
liege subject. I am attending the gatherings and doing 

' Members of the Conventioii of 1861 from Randolph county. 


my best to get volunteers. We are making good headway. 
The sheriff will tell you all about it. 

Cannot one of you find time to give me the under 
current views in relation to your body ? 

To Captain liohert Qray. 

AsHEKOuo^ June 5th, 1801. 

ftSsekaprendon ^ learu from various sources to-day that an impression 

has been made, or has been attempted to be made on you, 
that I (and perhaps my brother and nephew) have been 
trying to induce the company being made up by Capt. 
Thornborgh, Dr. Virden and others to break off an en- 
gagcnicnt to join your Conii)auy juul to join my nophcw'« 
Company. 1 desire to say that if any one lias made such 
assertion in reference to me, it is a colorless falsehood. I 
heard yesterday for the first time, that any movement had 
ever been made or thought of by anybody to induce that 
Company or any part of it to join yours. I had been 
informed that Dr. Virden and others, engaged in making 
up that Company, doubted whether tlioy could make up a 
full Company — and that in the event they could not — that 
a portion of them would probably join my nepheVs Com- 
pany — ^that Dr. Virden would probably join it himself as 
physician, if he could have an assurance of a salary of 
t$100 per month. I have been invited on the day of the 
Regimental muster to attend at Crawford's on last Satur- 
<lay and promised to so. I wont wilh llio bonnfido pui*- 
pose of aiding them to make up a full Company — and in 
case of a failure to get them to join in Shubal's and in 
your Company and thus make up two full Companies. 
Dr. Virden, as I had learned, had been treating with my 
nephew on the basis above stated, and I was willing to 
guarantee the salary he demanded and so told him, but 
at that time I had not the slightest suspicion that any n<*- 
gotiation had been thought of by you and him or any body 


else for you. We were more successful than was sus- 
pected. Another effort is to be made next Wednesday to 
fill up that Company. If it fail I would most gladly aid 
to try to get them to divide and join in as nearly equal 
proportions as possible my nephew's and your Company. 

Whilst I knew of one or two individuals here base 
f»iiou/rli to try, by imy inrinm^ to nwtko tho iuipnRHion on 
you Uiat 1 am trying to build up my nephew's Company 
to the prejudice of youre, I cannot suppose you would 
allow any such impression to be made on you without 
allowing me to be heard. I am now and have been at all 
times ready to do anything in my power to aid you in 
making up your Company, and such, I know, are the 
feelings of my brother and nephew — and if you come to 
the Jackson old place on Wednesday you will find us co- 
operating with you in tho proper spirit to make up both 

To D. G. WoHh. 

AsjiKUom), July ISlh, 1S61. 
Lincoln's commentary on the omission, in some of our Lincoln's responsi- 

•^ ' . billty for the war 

declarations of independence of the passages in the old •n<*ni»("«Pi»wd) 
declaration, that all men are bom free and equal, coupled 
with his whole course, inclines me to the belief that he and 
Iiis party have not desired tho South to bocomo satisfied 
with the Union in order to permit them, under pretext of 
enforcing the laws, to make war upon and extinguish 
slavery. He can not be fool enough to expect to restore 
tlio Union now by military force. He thinks when the 
horrors and biirtJiens of war are fully realized in the 
South that the non-slaveholders will join him to extinguish 
slavery, the cause of the war, as all extremists pretend. 
If these are his views we may all have to take arms. We 
are all united to fight to the death rather than be con- 
quered, but some of us can see little that looks bright even 
beyond victory. 

166 North Cabolina Hibtori.oal Commission. 

To A. 0. Foster. 

AsiiEBOBO^ July SI, *6L 

uoS^S^'*^*^' I know not your views in relation to the re-election of 
the superiofoourt. my nepliew as Clk. of the Snpr. Court It seems to ine 

it is a matter of public interest beyond the mere duties of 
the office. He has been in office a very short time and 
has proved himself so good an officer as to give complete 
satisfaction both to the Court, the bar and the public. — He 
was the first to raise a Company of volunteers and enter 
the service. It has been urged on the stump by Bulla, 
his only competitor having the slightest chance of success, 
that Shubal ought not to be elected because his competi- 
tors are poor while his father is well off and he is getting 
a salary of $108 as Captain — and that while in aorvicu) he 
would have to employ a deputy, whereby ho would in 
effect appoint tho clerk instead of the people. It would 
be impossible that such arguments should carry with them 
any weight, but, there being no one to reply to them, they 
have taken a hold on the minds of many, and I much 
fear Bulla may beat him, if intelligont men are not active 
on tho day of tho election. As soon as the jwople under- 
stand what every man of any information knows, tJmt no 
officer in time of war, who is fit to oomnmud uion, can 
save a dollar of his salary, and that he always spends 
more, if he can conmiand it — and that Sam. Jackson vol- 
imteered without pay to act as his deputy, and was so ap- 
pointed and has so acted since Shubal left, it at once 
strikes every mind that his non-election would wear tho 
appearance of a rebuke on him for lK;couiing a soldier. 
He would necessarily feel that our people, not under arms, 
do not duly appreciate the sacrifices of those who en- 
counter the discomforts of the camp and the hazards of 
the field. It would wear the appearance of showing the 
indifference if not the disapproval of taking up arms, 
when in fact I doubt whether tliere is in any County more 
unanimous than ours that there is now nothing else to 


1)0 tliouglit of, but resistance to the dcntli to our Nortlieru 
foes. — It is pretty certain that we have but begun to raise 
troops. We should not discourage others by showing in- 
gratitude to those who have volunteered. 

My object is to suggest, if you concur in that course, 
that some effort be made, on the day of the election, to 
nuiko the voters undorstiind the matter. 

1 have heard reju^atedly, but cannot cii'dit it, that 
Capt Gray and i)erhaps some of his friends had in some 
way got the impression that Shubal aiid his friends, in 
their zeal to get up Shubal's Company, had improperly 
thrown difficulties in Capt. G.'s way of getting volunteers. 
J am certain that Shubal and his relatives have not said 
or done anything of the kind, and that there is not tlie 
slightest ground for any such impression, and I trust 
none such exists. If he had any suspicion of tlie sort I 
am sure he would have given us the opportunity to excul- 
pate ourselves. Kver since I made up my mind that war 
was inevitable, I have done my best to get volunteers 
under any leader they might be willing to follow. 

To E. J. Hole (md Sons. 

AsiiEBOKo, Aug. 1st, 1861. 

The whole nation seems now to be heartily bowing its SJS'conSoikSf*' 
neck; in the North to Abolition, and in Uie South to Dem- ^y^^'^^ 
cwracy and Secession. Each of the leaders seems to me 
to be conducting us to perdition. Being compelled to 
wear one or the other of these yokes, the latter is less 
galling to mo and the goal seems more distant, and I bow 
my neck and submit to the goad. 

In the present attitude of affairs no man will more wil- 
lingly strengthen tlie military arm of the South and repel 
our invaders,* but when the victory is won and peace re- 
stored, it is evident our late political opponents will regard 


US as subjugated vassals. They only tolerate us now 
because they need our aid to do the fighting. Events have 
proved Yancey's political sagacity. With the aid of the 
old villain Lincoln, the Secessionists have '^warmed the 
Southern heart and influenced the Soutlioru mind.'' T 
r^ard the revolution as successful and the new govern- 
ment bound together with no Iword illegible'] of mind. 
But I know liow impotent are the efforts of the wisest to 
look into the future, and find consolation in the hope that 
when Wickedness and Folly shall have finished their car- 
nival, that Providence will bring good out of the miseries 
now impending. 

To B. 0. Worth. 

AsHSBOBO, Sept. SOth, 1861. 
f « * * * * * 

I found no small part of the district candidates for 
Congress and, having no notion of a scramble, I refused 
to allow my name to be used. I could have got a very 
strong vote. 

Two new companies from Kaudolpli nvc about ready 
to go into camp. 

All well at home. 

To Col. William K, Lane. 

AsiiKiiouo. Oct. 12th, 1801. 

^^^^ni The Sheriff of this C^ounty has just Ikhju informed by 
SrecfSli;*'**** my friend I. IT. Foust that under instructions from Rich- 
mond you will appoint the Sheriffs or County tax collec- 
tors your subordinates in collecting the Confederate di- 
rect tax, wherever they will accept, and give bond and 
comply with such regulations as may be prescribed. Our 
Sheriff directs me to say to you that ho will accept and 
comply with the requirements. I have not seen the regu- 


lations prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury under 
the 19th Sec. of tho Act The Sheriff desires me to draw 
up his bond, etc. Will you do me the favor to send me a 
copy of the regulations, or refer me, if they have been 
published, to the paper in which I may find them? 

To H. B. Elliott. 

AsiiBBOBO^ Dec. 7th, 1861. 
This State is a unit against the Lincoln Oovemment. unitr in North 

. ... -, CnroUna agaliiit 

It iR ono p:rcat military camp. Some 10,000 troops are theNonh. 
in tho field. 1'ho old Union men are as determined as the 
original Secossionista. The State is totally alienated from 
tho Lincoln Qovornniout and will fight to extermination 
before they will reunite with the North. 

To A. 0. Foster. 

AsiiEiioKo, Dec. Olh, 1861. 
Yours of the 5th inst. is just received. I was much sur- S*^?*5f conyen- 

^ tlon taking powen 

prised at the result of the election of the Salt Commis- ^^ Legislature, 
sioner. Yours is a more conservative body than the As- 
sembly, or the ultraists are beginning to learn that their 
forinor o])poiieii(H iniiy rol)cl against their masters if they 
continue their course of universal proscription. 

I hope the (Convention will make it unnecessary for the 
Assembly to convene again. I concur in all the sugges- 
tions you make. As a member of the T^^egislature I am 
satiafiod that nothing would l>e more popular or wiser than 
to have a tax on whiskey. 

I hope you will restore the Winter Term of the Su- 
preme Court and protect the judiciary from the encroach- 
ments of the Legislature. You ought to repeal the Stay 
Law. It disorganizes Civilized society. 

160 IToBTH Cabolika Histo&ical Commission. 

To Captain Leigh Andrews. 

AsiiEBOiio, Dec. IGlh, ISGL 

Stentionfof a^' Yours of tlie 14th inst. was reed. Saturday night, in 

reply to mine in relation to the boy Julius, in which you 
say that you have concluded to release the boy as soon 
as you can procure the services of another. Since the 
receipt of your letter I have not seen the father of the boy 
and can not say whether this will be satisfactory to him. 
I have shown by the course I pursued my desire not [to] 
annoy or incommode you. I have not the pleasure of any 
intimate acquaintance with you, but I rank your father 
among my most valued friends. I desire to do anything 
I can to encourage and aid any one volunteering in the 
service of our Country — ^but particularly for my Country- 
men and the sou of my friend — In asking you to release 
the l)oy I thouglit T was doing both juatico to my client 
and an act of kindness to you. in my opinion the true 
nobility of the soldier consists as much in a strict ob- 
servance of law and tlio orders of his superior officers as 
in bravery in the field — especially in n^fcreuce to the weak 
and defenseless; and, presuming that you entertained 
these views, 1 suppostnl you would at once release him, 
if satisfied that he was illegally d<^taiued, and hence I 
addressed you, hoping you would at once release him and 
put his release on the ground that you would countenance 
no infraction of the law and the orders of the Adjutant 
General. Allow me in the friendliest spirit to ask you 
to consider whether it is right for you to detain him 
^^until you can procure another." 

I hope you will at once release him and put his release 
on the ground that you are satisfied that it is your duty to 
release him in obedience to the orders of the Adjutant 
Genl. or hire him from his father — T will cheerfully eon- 
tribute to hire servants to wait on you while in camp here — 
but as a sincere friend to you and your Company I deem 
it wrong to use the compulsory service of anybody. 


1 hope you will receive this in the friendly spirit in 
which it is intended, and not as an impertinent obtrusion 
of unasked for advice. 

To J. M. WoHh."^ 

AsiiKiioRo^ Dec. SOlh, 1861. 

1 reed, your letter proposing to make your commission ite^ding Doctor 
a joint one vnth me. I think there are some of your duties SSione?* " 
m which you will need my aid, and that you cannot afford, 
for your salai'y, to withdraw your attention entirely from 
your private business; but your income ought not to re- 
duce one-half. I think you will be warranted in paying 
me as nn assistant and that you will have to pay others 
considerable salaries to aid you. One or the other of us 
should be here nenrly all the time. I will turn out and 
aid you to any extent you may wish, — but I think your 
salary ought not to be divided much if any. If the work, 
can be made a complete success, which I think it will, and 
is pushed with vigor there will be no clamor, but it is 
nlMint crrfnin tluit nil your nccoinits will undergo investi- 
gation and much pains ninst ho taken to have all your ac- 
counts in condition to defy malevolence itself. 

I think there is no man in the State who could aid you 
more efficiently and more satisfactorily than my son David, 
and it strikes me he would go into it at a salary you would 
be well warranted in paying. 

The more I think of it the more I am satisfied that your AdWceM to the 
work must be dispersed. A great establishment to supply ^°' ' 
the whole State at Morehead would supply the salt 
clioapor than you can make it at several, but it would cer- 
tainly draw the thought of the enemy on it. It would 
bring a destroying fleet on Morehead City. — According 
to my present light I would have an establishment at 
Wilmington — at Swansboro, or some other eligible point 

* John Milton Worth, a brother of Jonathan Worth. 

162 NoBTii Carolina Historical Commission. 

on Currituck Sound, possible on further exploration at 
the points. An immense amount of salt nmst be ready 
for tlie fibbing season in the spring. If you concur with 
me in the necessity of dispersing the works, you shouKl 
witliout dehiy have one or more judicious assistants seUvl. 
the sites and make necessary preparations — but nothing 
very efficient can be done until you test your boilers, which 
should be done, no odds at what cost, with the utmost 

You will have to be at home at February Court, I pre-' 
sume. I must be here then. If you can't get things in 
sufficient forwardness to do this Danl. can manage in your 
absence, and for David. After Feb. Court I will aid you 
in every way you may desire. In the undertaking in 
wliich you are embarked our family rcput^ition for energy 
and succicss is involved, and 1 will susUiin you to the ut- 
most of my ability. I am firndy impri^sscd with the be- 
lief that David would be a most useful aid to you, if he 
can leave home. I shall not write to him because you 
may not concur in my views. If you want him go to see 
him or get him to come to you. 

MouKiiEAD City. 

To Captain Leigh Andrews. 

AsuEBORO^ Jan. 1st, 1862. 
Invitation to com- I would like to firivc to you and to the officers and men 

pany^to dinner. o ./ 

under your command, l)efore you leave in the Military 
Sei'viciJ of your Counti'y, sonic deiiiousti*atiou of luy appre- 
ciation of your patriotism, and designed to invite you all 
to tea at my house to-morrow evening at 7^ o'clock — 
but I have just learned that you purpose to leave to- 
morrow. — I invite you and your officers and men to dine 
with me to-morrow, if you inU'ud io Umvn to-mori*ow. I 
will have the dinner ready at as early an hour as you may 
desire, — ^but if you be not about to leave to-morrow I would 


prefer, as I presume it would be most agreeable to you 
and your men, that you all come over and take a parting 
supper with me at 7^ p. m. to-morrow. — 

To Nicholas Williams. 

AsuEBotto^ March 8th, 1862. 

This disloyal county, as tlie cowardly Secessionists call 2.rK2fon^ii*R«n" 
it, stood her draft quietly. Some timorous people here ^^'p**' 
pressed the Governor to send up a troop of soldiers to sup- 
press the rebellion, thereby giving color to the imputa- 
tions of "A Traveller"^ and other cowardly sneaks. The 
question was ])ut to each of the seventeen companies com- 
|M)8ing this regiment whether they wore ready to repress 
any attempt at rebellion or to aid the Sheriff to execute 
civil processes. The vote was mianimous in the affirma- 


From lilpira Worth Jackson* to Fannie Long. 

AsHEBORO^ March 15th, 1862. 
My Dear Friend — 

Oh Fnnnio, the times, the times I Docs it not make P«ico movcnicnt 

' ' in Randolph. 

your heart ache to think of our once happy Country so 
involvofl in War. Wo will never see such ha])py days 
again. I do wish the war would stop, but it is no use 
wishing unless we knew it would do good. I fear very 
much thnt it will not close during Lincoln's administra- 
tion. T do wish every State in the South had been united 
and then I think the war would have closed sooner. I 
fully believe we can never be conquered — though the 

' An article in one of the newspapers reflecting apon Randolph 

' Jonathan Worth's daughter. 

164 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

North has many advantages over us. Some districts of 
oui* County were drafted last week, but every one volun- 
teered here except 100. Week before last we had a little 
excitement — a precinct 10 miles from here, in a com- 
munity where there were very few men with any educa- 
tion, they had a kind of prayer meeting where some 50 
men raised a white flag and said they were for peace. 
The Captain of tliat district, John 0. Hill, a rather illit- 
erate man, gave the command for all who were in favor 
of peace to follow in the procession; over 50 persons 
obeyed, and they marched after the white flag, had prayer 
for peace, and then dispersed. The Gov. was written to 
about it. 


Fro7n John PooU 

OoiJOKAiNK, March SJilh, 'C^. 

to?poSion^in*^° ' AUow me to presume on your former kindness to me 

so far as to recommend for some clerkship in the Treas- 
urer's office my nephew, Mr. Charles C. Pool. He gradu- 
ated at Chapel Hill with the flrst distinction, and has 
studied law with mo. — I do not hesitate to rcconmicud 
him as a young man of unusually bright talent, sober, in- 
dustrious and attentive to busiucss. I aui ]>orfoctly cer- 
tain that you will be greatly pleased if he is brought under 
your notice. His health is feeble, but he is anxious to be 
doing something in these times, when all the world around 
him is busy. He is now at E. City, within the enemies' 
liiu;H, bill. I (*nii ^4*(. liiiii l(» ItnlcM^li dii a Tow diiyn uoliiM?. 
This appointment will be a favor to me. 1 expect to 
be in Ealeigh shortly, and am very anxious to see my 
friends there. 

* John Pool, of Pasquotank county, was an aUnnnus of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina and a prominent lawyer, llo was a member of 
the Senate in 1850 and in 1865. of the Convention of 1805, and in 18G8 
of the United States Senate. He was elected to the latter body in 
1865, but was not allowed to take his seat. He was the Whig can- 
didate for Governor in 1860, but was defeated by John W. Ellis. 


To T. 0. and B. 0. WoHh. 

AsHBBOBo, A pi. Sd, 1862. 

I shall be forced by benevolence, as well as policy, to 
give small quantities of salt to destitute families around 
me. I have not a bushel. Send me 10 or 12 bu. if you 

All quite well. — ^Our soldiers have left in good order. 
It has made a great cavity in our population. 

To Allen M. Tonilinson. 

AsHBBOBO, Apl. Uth, 1862. 

I felt extreme solicitude to relieve such of your Society S^ q^|^**^ 
as were drafted, and from Morehead City and Wilmington 
earnestly pressed it upon the Govr. to allow such as would 
labor at the Salt Works or send a substitute as a laborer, 
at a liberal rate of wages, to be excused from military ser- 
vice. ITc cheerfully assented to it. Brother M., T think, 
fiirtlier got [H^nniasion to accept $11 \\ox month, to bo 
used in making salt, as a commutation for military ser- 
vice, from those Quakers who might prefer to pay it, in 
lieu of laboring or sending in a laborer. The Salt is being 
made not for the army only, but for the whole people. It 
never occurred to me that you would have any scruples 
about adopting tliis plan of relief — any more than you 
would have scruples about a surplus of com, which would 
go to feed the army and the people and thus protract the 
war. I am greatly disappointed and mortified at your de- 
riHlon. 'l1io well-inlrndiiig olTorts of brother Milton and 
myself, instead of relieving you, I have no doubt will re- 
sult greatly to your prejudice. As the lawmaking power 
would not relieve you entirely, we conceived we had fallen 
on a plan which would be gladly and thankfully adopted. 

I understand it is intended to seize and send to the hos- 
pitals as nurses such of the Quakers as decline to comply. 

166 North Cabolina Historical. Commission. 

and I fear you will lose the sympathy which many of the 
best men in the State have felt for you. 

If we have unconsciously placed you in a worse position 
than you were, I hope you will at least allow us credit 
for the best intentions. 

The place where the salt is made is 8 miles from Wil- 
mington and some 20 miles from the forts at New Inlet 
and the mouth of the River. The enemy's war vessels 
cannot approach near it. There is ample opportunity to 
escape. The sea breezes make it pleasant and healthful. 
The wealthiest citizens of Wilmington have their summer 
residences on the Sound, on account of the pleasantness 
and salubrity of the location. The hardest work is cutting 
and splitting cord wood — $20. per month is allowed each 
lalK>ror who fuuds hiiiiHolf and $«*{. |h4' day to a man wilh 
a good two-hoi'se team, he feeding himself and horses. 
Corn is cheaper in Wilmington than it is liero. 

I sincerely hope you will re-consider your decision — at 
least so far as to allow such members to accept the pro- 
posed alteniative without censure from his Society. 

To E. Emmons^ 

AsiiRBORO, A pi. 5th, 1862. 

mawn'r ^^ ^7 ^^^ ^^^ ^^ Currituck Sound and the cutting off of 

Morehead City by the taking of Morehead City, the opera- 
tions of the Salt Conunissioner are liniilcd to Wilming- 
ton, also in danger of falling into the hands of the enemy 
and by far the most ineligible of the three locations. Mr. 
Quion, Prest. of the W. C. & R. Rail Road, informs me 
there is a salt spring three miles from Wadesboro, near Mr. 
Simons, who would give any aid in pointing it out Mr. 
Onion says salt was made there in 1812. By the terms 

' Ebenezer Emmons, State Geologist. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 167 

of tlio salt ordinance, tlio salt conir. is restrained to a 
"ulnee or places on some navigable water." Upon this in- 
formation 1 think, if you have not examined the place, it 
is desirable that you do so without delay, as the Conven- 
tion, having your recommendation, would no doubt au- 
thorize the Salt Commissioner to cause the necessary ex- 
poritnnnts to 1h5 made there or at any other point you may 

To T. C. & B. 0. Worth. 

AsHEiioRO, April 26th, 1862. 

The hotspurs of the South, aided by a silly administra- cMUcism of North 
lion al u aRhinp;ton, have at Ien|i2^th ])recipitateu the nation 
into nniv<M*sal ruin. The South, with one voice, seem^ 
bent on suicide. There is no banner now under which I 
can cheerfully sacrifice myself. It will take others as 
long as Brownlow to decide whether to join the Southern 
('onrcMhMMicy or to go to Jlell. 

1 am going to try to get our whole population, not bound 
fo nnister, to form a guard to protect lumie and repel in- 
vasion. As to enrolling as volunteers under our Act of 
Assembly, I shall leave every man to pledge for himself. 

I have a perfect horror of going to the General A., be- 
cause I think I can do no good. 

To A. 0. Foster. 

Asheboro, May 1st, 1862. 

We are just in receipt of the Fall of Ft. Macon and New Eflrcctof conacrip- 
Orleans. Accompanying it was the instructions of the works. 
S(v. of War carrying out the Conscription Act. The 
/rloom thickens to a mind like mine, which has at no time 
been able to see a bright spot in the future, whether our 
arms are successful or unsuccessful. If unsuccessful wo 

168 NoBTH Caboliita Histobioal Commission. 

shall be in no better condition, I fear, than were the Eng- 
lish after the conquest by William the Korman. If suc- 
cessful, we shall be an impoverished, demoralized and 
waste nation. Democracy and the Devil still have do- 
minion, in any event I can see. 

If our enemies should fail to overthrow us in arms our 
Legislation would ruin us. With all our men from 18 to 
35 called to camps of instruction at this season, famine is 
inevitable. Not an adequate supply of wheat cannot be 
made and the harvest must be saved. 

I suppose conscription in the field for our men engaged 
at the salt works nor any power reserved to any officer of 
the government to grant them such exception. Without 
such exception we shall perish for salt. The requisite salt 
can in no other way be obtained. If I understand thi.» 
legislation it is an expression by Congress, of the control 
over tho niilitiu and negatives tho ]H>wer of your Conven- 
tion to grant any aid to your salt comn. out of the class be-, 
tween 18 and 35. If reliable labor be at once supplied by 
militia, or legislative authority, the salt [two words iUcg- 
ibW] everybody engaged in salt-making, whether at the 
salt works or not, ought to bo relieved from military ser- 
vice, in preference to judges, mnil-carriers, postmasters. 
By the way, I am asked every day whether the exception 
Act passed by Congress to the conscription bill excepts 
Sheriffs and Clerks of Courts of Equity. It exempts all 
judicial and executive officers, whether of the State or Con- 
federate Government. I suppose Clerks and Sheriffs are 
officers of tlio judicial departmoiiL and that tlu*y are ex- 
empt. Am I right or not? If you are in any doubt, in- 
quire and let me hear from you soon and much oblige. 

I should say more about salt, but presume Mr. M. will 
see you on tho subject. 

I would not have you believe that I am in despair. 
Providence often works out her results by agencies which 
seem to the weak judgment of men by no means suited to 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. J 69 

effect the end. I hope therefore we yet succeed in driv- 
ing back our invaders and that good many grow out of this 
revolution, but I can't see how we can conquer or how we 
are to be benefited if we do conquer. 

Will you or Mr. Long run for the Qenl. Assembly, or 
will the Convention, owinj^ to a large part of the State 
l)oiiig in posROsalon of the onomy, disponso with the clec- 
(ions and ronliinto to lcii;iHlnio during the war? The 
whole State is how ropi'cscntcd. In a now Assembly much 
of it will not be represented. We shall probably never be 
under severer rulers than the Convention, but I will not 
complain if you decide to sit until our invaders are 
driven back or the war closes. If an election is to come 
off and yon and Mr. Long or botli will not run, do you 
think I ought to run for the Commons ? If I run it will 
be only from a sense of duty. If all of us shrink from 
the responsibility and discomforts of legislation I fear 
demagogues will make "confusion worse confounded." 

To W. J. Long. 

AsHEBORo, May 16th, 1862. 

My mind has been painfully exercised for some time on ftJ^S'SmmoM. 
the question wlictlier I ought to be a candidate for the 
Commons. Yon or I owe it to the civil liberty and conse- 
quently to our own best interests to be a candidate. Un- 
bridled Jacobinism is soon to become disunion if conserva- 
tive men shrink from breasting the storm of popular 
frenzy. If you or I for the sake of temporary repose, and 
looking only to present interest or comfort, give up the 
direction of popular opinion in this county, demagoguism 
will soon triumph in Randolph. Winslow will be a can- 
didate. His course has been satisfactory and he ought to 
be re-elected. Only one of us ought to run. Which of 
us can render most service to the public ? I am fairly cer- 

170 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

tain you can. The opposition to me amounts to malignant 
personal hatred. My friends support me with violenc 
zeal. Violent support and opposition I fear will bo the 
consequence. All my friends will vote for you and the 
opposition will carry with it notliing i»f porsouiil uuilignily 
towards you. I firmly believe it is a duty you owe to the 
public and to your wife and children to be a candidate. 
But for Mr. Foster's residence, I should feel that both 
you and he ought to be candidates. As it is I tiiink you 
are the man. if you decline iKU'oinptorily, I am yet un- 
decided whether I ought to nm or not. I do not doubt 
that I can be elected, but I regard it as doubtful whether 
I can do any good against the furious feeling which I be- 
lieve will grow out of it. 

T 8U])poflo Wilmington will be siirrt'udorod, in pursnaiin; 
of what now seems the policy of the government, to wit, — 
to make no resistancx) to the captiin^ of snrh phices iis (he 
enemy can approach with his ships. 
vimSiSSSSand'' We shall then be left without salt, and if Kichmond fall, 

a deplorable event not unlikely to happen, N. Carolina fur- 
nishes no defensible point at which our retreating army 
can make a stand, nor is it ixmsihle (hat if the eonseripl 
be soon called out, that the State can make any provision 
to support the inhabitants, much less to supply an army. 
It is quite possible that most of the State will be in the 
occupation of the enemy before the elections, and I be- 
lieve it would have been l)etter that the Convention had 
continued to legislate till the end of the war. It is not 
]>OH.sible that (he next flenoral Asscaiibly can so fully rep- 
resent the State. It is evident that the destructives ex- 
pect a fuller representation in the next Assembly than 
they have in the Convention. 

fall of RlchmoDd. 


2*0 J. /. Jackson, 

May lOlh, 1S6Z, 

Whatever may be the issue of the War, Confederate §a?iononSXd- 
inoiiey must bo nearly useless at the end of the war. No- «»*«™oney. 
body doubts this, and all who hold any considerable 
nuionnt of it arc anxious to invest it in cotton, land, and 
olh(T |>n)|M»rly. \ l^orlinn illr(jlhU\\ 

When the war closes and tlie banks are returning to a 
sound currency, money will be scarce and debtors will be 

1 had a good deal of currency a few weeks ago. My 
(TfMlitors would neither roccivo Confederate or anv other 
l>a|HM* curimcy — and to invest it as safely as I could, (for 
no solvent men would borrow it) I bought of C. P. Men- 
denhall the GOO tract on Cane Creek in your County. 
* * * * * « » 

You know I have been unable to anticipate any good to 
grow out of this war. The most disastrous issue would be 
"subjugaliou," a word I hate lK»cause it has been so long a 
caut party expression. If our troops at Itichmond do not 
perform Ixjtter than at Norfolk — ^Yorktown, etc., we are 
in danger of the dread reality — subjugation. I try to 
hope for the best, but can see nothing but ruin. 


I'o Gains Winniiujham. 

May 23d, 1862. 

In comjdiance with your request that I would give you JlflSSl^" "***®"*^ 
in writing (Ihhmuihc you can't hear) my views on the ex- 
isting conditions of our national affairs, I sit down to give 
you a very brief, but a very candid, statement. 

First. I believe the Union under the old constitution of 
tlie United States, honestly administered, was the best gov- 
ernment that could be established, and I have no belief 

172 North Oabolina Histobioal Commission. 

that either section, when divided, will be so well governed 
as we have been since the adoption of the Constitution of 
the United States. 

Secondly. The Abolitionists were unwilling to carry out 
that Constitution in good faith — and the Secessionists in 
the cotton States were ambitious to rule the Government, 
and each of these parties, with different objects, worked 
together to break up the Union. I have not now, and 
never had any confidence in the virtue or patriotism of 
either party ; but these parties, each in its section, got con- 
trol of the Government and without allowing the masses 
of the people, either North or South, on the question. 
War should settle the dispute. The politicians forced the 
whole country to take up arms. Being thus forced into 
war, I had no hositalion on which side I would fight — My 
home, my wife and children, my property, are all hero, 
and when forced to fight, T newer liad lic^ihit ion, oiiibniciipj; 
the side of the South, and wishing it to be victorious. The 
hatred between the two sections has now become so deep- 
seated that the Union cannot be restored at any early 
day, so as to leave the South feeling like free men. As a 
conquered people we would be an unprofitable appendage 
to the North. The two sections ought to separate for the 
present and the war to cease. If time and experience 
should wear out our animosities and teach us that it would 
be best to reunite, at some distant time, let the government 
of Washington be restored. 

War IS a game of chance. At present our people are 
very gloomy. The enemy seems to 1k3 surroimding us 
and driving us back everywhere. And tlie dispotic con- 
duct of our government and its disregard of our newly 
adopted constitution in attempting to release our paroled 
prisoners from the obligations of their oath — the adoption 
of martial law in most of our considerable towns — ^the at- 
tempt to disarm our people — the conscription act, and the 
reckless expenditure of money and destruction of property 


— and the seizure of the citizen by the military power and 
removing him to another State to be tried by a court- 
martial instead of a criminal court in the State. The at- 
tempt to pass a sedition law to silence complaint — all these 
things sink the heart of the patriot and unnerve the aim 
of a noble soldier. 

My motto is "never doapnir." 1 sec nothing flattering 
in the future, but keep a good look out in order to do as 
much of good and avert as much of evil as possible. 

To A. 0. Foster. 

AsiiKBORO, June 27th, 1862. 
I had not learned of the particulars in which you had Qu«oonof Ws 

* *^ candfaacy for 

got the charter of the Western R. E. amended until I ro- SSloSof oppSlt 
ceived your late letter. I am both surprised and gratified "°" ^ *'*™' 
to find you are re-animating our R. R. project under cir- 
cumstances giving some hope of success. I will endeavor 
to givo a helping hand, but the loss of my overseer by the 
Conscription compels me to oversee my farming in person, • 
and I can not leave home, either to aid the R. R. or to 
canvass the County without danger of lieing out of bread 
next year. 

I have not decided to be a Candidate. In making up 
my mind the contingency of a defeat has not been consid- 
ered. Paul Arnold is the only man I have heard of who 
ever voted for me, who declares his unwillingness to vote 
for mo now. The fact you mention that "a deperate effort 
will be made to bent me and if possible to concentrate the 
whole army I o vole against me" had not come to my knowl- 
edge, nor can I conjecture upon what act of mine this 
effort is to bo based. I was aware that somo years ago 
Col. Gray had contracted some dissatisfaction towards me 
on account of some supposed effort of mine to get into 
Capt. Worth's Company men whom Gray had a right to 


expect to join his Company. If he ever entertained such 
a suspicion it was groundless and injurious to me. I have 
never approached him on the subject, however, from the 
previous rchitions I would not suppose he would allow him- 
self to l)ecomo prejudiced against mo witliout giving iiu* 
an opportunity to be heard on the matter of complaint, 
and I have heard that his friends had become satisfied 
that I had given him no just cause of complaint. 

I had also heard that certain men belonging to the Kin- 
ley [word illegible'] after the draft had been frightened or 
forced to enlist in Capt Gray's Com., and that Br. Milton 
as Col. of the militia had notified the enrolling officers 
that he would report the manner in which they had been 
enlisted to the Adj. Qen\. and that thereupon they were 
turned loose. I was gone to Morohcad City whon this nuii- 
tcr occnrrcd and know nothing about it from beginning to 
end. I condonni the Kinloy mooting, and if anylxMly 
by force or threats made any of the silly men engaged in 
that meeting, enlist I condemn tliem. I am all the time 
for law and order, and have no approving word for the 
mob, even thongh they bo women pnlling down whiskey 
stills or patriots forcing traitors to enlist. I iiiidorstood 
from Esqr. Troy, whose sons are in Capt. Carr's Co., that 
prejudice existed against me on account of Br. Milton's act 
procuring the temporary discharge of that man. I had 
no more to do with it than the man in the moon. 

I would like to hear further from you in relation to this 
effort to prejudice the army against me. I know nothing 
about it iKiyond what T have 8t.ntc<1. 1 supposed my course 
both as a public and private man made me deserve the con- 
fidence of every soldier in the service, and was not aware 
that any prejudice beyond what I have stated existed. 

I am not a candidate, but the Co's strong desire that I 
should be, expressed by you, Long, Foust and many other 
valued friends, has tended much to overcome my repug- 
nance to continue in the political arena. If gentlemen of 


cbaractcr, however, dcciii the other candidnto bo much pre- 
ferable to me, as to use such efforts to prejudice the sol- 
diei*8 against mc, I deem unity and harmony among us of 
much more importance than my poor services, and will not 
run. — A feeling of defiance to the malice of my enemies is 
restrained by a conviction that all personal considerations 
should bo hold in sulMirdiuntiou to tho grand purpose of 
vanquishing our invaders, which can only be done by unity 
and concert among ourselves. 

To T. C. and B. 0, WoHh. 

AsiiEBOBO, July ^, '62. 

Wo are rojoiciuff over the continued succession of cheer- Good news from 

. , . , . . . Richmond. 

ing news from Kichmond, but intensely solicitous as to its 
finale. If our success should be as complete as the news 
jublifies us in hoping for, we look for peace at no distant 

To Zebulon B. Vance} 

AsHEBORO, July 13th, 1862. 

My nephew, Shubal O. Worth, lately Captain of Co. I, ;JJfJf"^|}SI5/f„'r 
22nd !{(^iiuont, r(»sign(Ml recently and is now at home. ^^•^^^*'"'- 
lie resigned on account of ill health. He is about going 
to the Wann Springs in Va. and hopes his health will soon 
be restored. He wishes as soon as his health will permit 
to return to tho service, but thinks he can not stand the 
Infantry service. lie is well educated, intelligent and a 
man of cool, delil)cratc courage. If you succeed in get- 
ting up your Legion he would like to have a place in your 
staff. He entered the service as Capt of a Co. of 12 

> Colonel 26th North ORrolina Regiment. 

176 ^N'oRTii Carolina Histobioai. Commission. 

month volunteers and served under Col. Pettigrew. Shortly 
before he left this State most of his Company enlisted for 
the war and others joined them, making a full Company 
125. He asks me to refer you to the Field Oiiicers of his 
Begiment for his standing. With Col. Connor, who re- 
cently took command of his regiment, he has little ac- 
quaintance. Col. Gray and Major Cole know him well. 
He led his Company in the battle of the Seven Fines. 
If you can not give him the situation he desires he will l)e 
obliged to you to suggest any like place in the service 
which you may think he could obtain. 

Our County Candidates have been a week on the can- 
vass. Not a Johnston voter has as yet been heard of in 
this County. If there is one for him in this County lie 
JH iinnri. 

The conscription, caiTied out by excusing the oiiicers, re- 
quiring every one, whatever his desirability, to go to llii- 
leigh for examination and the peremptory refusal to give 
any temporary respect to any man, is begetting deep indig- 
nation. One young man has been the sole nur^ of his 
father, helpless for 18 months Avitb palsy, and others who 
are millerd in extensive flour mills have been required by 
Major Mallett to repair to the Camp of Instruction. 

To James M. Worth. 


AsiiEUoiM), July ISlh, 1S62. 

entof^itnnny! I «ni pcrsiladcd that at your age nud with your rntlier 

fragile constitution, self prcscrvaliun and iultilligiiil \n\- 
triotism alike forbid your going into the army whetlier as 
a drill master or otherwise. Such I know to be the opinion 
of all whose wishes it is your duty to respect. I am ready 
to do anything in my power for you which I may think 
consistent with your genuine interests and advancement, 
but considering your age, tlie number your family has fur- 
nished to the war, tho wishes of your parents and all the 


surromidiiig circumstances, 1 have no hesitation in urging 
you to give over all idea of entering tlie army in any 
capacity whatever. 

I am pressed with innumerable urgent duties and write 
in great haste. 

To Captain 0. W. Cair. 

AsiiEBouo, July 10th, 1862, 

1 ask the favor of you to make known to the men com- ABksmipmrtihnn 
posing your company, that I am a Candidate for a seat in wnj for uoum or 
the House of Commons of tlie next Genl. Assembly — and 
that L shall bo gratified to receive their votes. 

I hoar from my friend J no. B. Troy Ksqr that some 
nH*nilHM*H of your C/ompau}' have (ho iniprossiou that I 
uscmI some influence to prejudice the making up of your 
Company in getting some of the Kinley men released who 
had enlisted in your Company. It is altogether a mistake 
that T know of, or had any thing whatever to do with that 
nuitler, or that I discouraged our men from enlisting [in 
that or in] any oilier (^>nipany. I have lieard that my 
brother released or endeavored to I'elease some of those 
men upon representations made to him that they were 
forced to enlist, and I suppose I am to blame on the sup- 
position that I advised his course. I left the County im- 
mediately on the conclusion of the draft for tho Eastern 
part of the State where I remained more than two weeks 
and never heard of the enlistment of these men until some 
time after my return home. If my brother erred, it cer- 
tainly sprung from no hostility to you or unwillingness to 
raise troops. At all events I am in no manner answerable 
for his error. 

I know that some men have taken much pains to preju- 
dice our soldiers against me, but I can find no specifica- 
tions. I was an old Union Whig as were nearly all the 
people of this County, but after the North made war on 

178 NoBTU Cabolina Hibtosioal Commission. 

us I know no man who voted more uniformly for every 
measure tending to the comfort of the soldiers or to 
strengthen our defences ; and if any man has done more in 
this County to make our people a unit against Lincolnisin 
and to arouse our people to anus, J don't know who ha is. 
If any individual soldier from Bandolph or elsewhere has 
just cause of complaint against me as a man I am ignorant 
of it. If there be any prejudice against me in your Com- 
pany it must be owing to some mistaken apprehension. 


To Capt. Alex. McAllister. 

AsHEBORO, July 19th, 1862. 

antfiuSw^npKJJr" Upon the urgent solicitation of our hito nionibcrs to llio 
pia^*iiiLe8itt!a- (y\)uveulion and olhurs rcproseuting it an Uic wish of tlio 

county generally, I have become a cjnulidato to represent 
this county in the next General Assembly. To my great 
surprise I understand a powerful effort is being made to 
prejudice the soldiers against me, with some prospect of 
success, but I cannot learn the grounds on which they arc 
urged to vote against me. I know there is no act of mine 
either as a legislator or as an individual, which ought to 
give displeasure to any manly soldier, or indeed to any sol- 
dier, for I voted for every measure tending to their com- 
fort and giving them the right to elect their officers and 
no soldier in distress has ever enllcd on mo for relief to 
whom it has been denied. But as I am ignorant of the 
accusations, I can offer no defense to those who oppose me. 
I was an old Union man but so was almost every soldier 
from Randolph and they all know that since the war be- 
gan, no man has tried harder or done more to prevail on 
our people to present a united front to our ruthless enemy. 
If I should be elected against the vote of a majority of the 
soldiers from Randolph, I should regret having been a 
candidate, since the soldiers of all other men have the 
strongest sympathies of my heart. 


I presume your regimental o£Scers have seen a copy of 
the ordinance under which you vote, but lest they have 
not, I send a copy of as much of it as you need. 

I beg that you make known to your men that I am a 
candidate, and that I shall feel grateful if they deem me 
worthy of their votes, and that if any report is afloat in- 
tended to prejudice me among soldiers, such report, what- 
ever it nmy be, is unfounded. 

Lieut. Jesse K. Kyse. 

AsHBBORO, July 19th, 1862. 

Allow mo to nsk the favor of you to make known to the ^JJiScni'iSr piaco 
Uandolph uumi in your Company that I am a Candidate *" ^'^'^**"™- 
for a Seat in the House of Commons of the next Gtenl As- 
sembly and that I shall be gratified if they shall deem me 
worthy of their votes. The other gentlemen who are can- 
didates are Dr. Thos. L. Winslow, Marmaduko Robbins, 
Jns. liulla and Sidney McMasters. 

Tbe election in onmp comes off on the 31st of this month. 

To. Lieut. C. L. Russell. 

Arhkiioiio, July lOlh, 186S. 
I ask the favor of you to make known to the men com- Defends his course 

'^ ^ ^ and Mks support 

posing your Company, who are citizens of Randolph, tha* J^iVthe*LeRSiiI^ 
I am a Candidate to represent this County in the next ^"'®* 
Genl Assembly and shall be gratified to receive their votes, 
if they sbnll deem me \vorthy of them. Much pains has 
IxTti taken by m,y old political opponents to make the im- 
pression that I am not altogether loyal to the South and 
by sundry other reports to make me unpopular with the 
soldiers. I opposed this war as long as I could see any 
chance to avert it and desire peace as soon as it can honor- 


able be made, but when war was made on us, no man has 
exerted his influence more fully than I to induce the people 
of Randolph to present a united front to our foe and if 
there be any act of mine, as a legislator or a man, which 
gives just cause of complaint to a soldier, no enemy of 
ihine has ever referred to it. Time will show — ^my past 
acts show that I am at least as true a friend to the South 
as those who attempt to defame me. 

Our exultations over the victory which was lately won 
near Richmond and our pride ut the part our Stale Imre 
in it and particularly the bravery exhibited by our neigh- 
bors and friends is tempered with distress on account of 
the terrible loss of life, mutilations and distresses of the 
wounded and the anxiety of almost every family at home 
on account of some lovctl one in tlio fichl. 

To Captain L. Odell. 

AsiiRUORO, July 19th, 1862. 


fwdad!s8uppor?of ^ ^^ ^'^® favor of you to make known to the men under 
in^UieL^iiuStj. 7^^^^ Command that I am a Candidate to represent this 

County in the next Gcnl. Assembly in the (/ommons. I 
have l)ccn induced to be a Candi(hite by the pressing so- 
licitations of our members to the Convention and other of 
my old friends. I am informed that pains have been 
taken to prejudice our soldiers against me, but I cannot 
learn on what grounds. If tliere bo any body who as a 
legislator or an individual has shown himself more the 
friend of the soldier than I have, 1 know not who he is. 1 
fear some personal enemy or political opponent has started 
something to injure me in the camps where I cannot an- 
swer it, but I hope the Randolph soldiers know me too 
well to allow any story to injure me. You all know I was 
a TJnion man until Lincoln made war on us and that since 
then no man has contributed more to get our people to act 
as a unit against our opponents. 



We are all proud of the bravery exhibited by our men 
in the Inte dcs[X3rate battle near Bichmond, but our pride 
is mingled with painful regrets for the casualties and sym- 
pathy for the privations of those who suffer the perils of 

Wo are about all for Col. Vance for Govr. I have not 
yot heard of a man who is for Johnston in this County — 
but 1 presume a few will vote for him silently. 

To Captain E. H. Winmnglvam. 

AsuEBOBOy Jidy 20ih, 1862. 

AFy old friends have induced me to be a Candidate for £ja^tSiro*l5S?Sf 
a Scat in the Connuons of our next Qenl Assembly and I S thSlSiSSk 
ask the favor of you to make it known to your Company. 
I am informed that much pains has been taken in some of 
the companies to prejudice the men against me but I can- 
not lonrn on what ground. I was opposed to the war as 
long as there was the slightest chance of averting it and 
am in favor of |)oaco whonover it can l)o had <m honorable 
terms — When war btimmo inevitable, no one has trie<l har- 
der than I to make our people meet the foe with a united 
front. I shall be much gratified to receive the vote of 
your company. 

Evcrylnxly is proud of the bravery of our Randolph 
men, but we mouin for the killed and their surviving 
friends and for the afflictions of the wounded and sick and 
tlie privations of the rest of you. 

We can hear of no voter here for Johnston. All who 
speak out are for Vance, for Govr. 

You vote on the Slst Jul v. 

Your relatives, I think, are all well, excepting your 
uncle Newton. He has been unwell for some time. 

182 NoBTU Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

To Lieut. Kearny. 

AsHEBORo, July 21st, 18G2. 

iSS^kJiS^^t I ask the favor of you to make known to tlie Company 
LeglSatSer*'*'^ of which you are commander that I am a Candidate for a 

seat in the House of Commons in the next Gcnl Assembly 
and that I shall be gratified to receive the votes of any of 
them who may deem me worthy of them. 

I am aware that much pains has been taken to create 
prejudice against me among our troops, but I cannot learn 
the specific grounds and can therefore only defend myself 
by general allegations — They all tend in some way to im- 
pute want of patriotism to me, as I understand. What in 
the evidence t Is it because I was for the Union and op- 
posed to the war while there was any hope of proservins^ 
the or averting the other? This would equally apply to 
nearly all the citizens of Randolph and to a majority of 
the whole State. It is well known to all the people of 
this County that when war became inevitable no one has 
spent more time or exerted himself more earnestly to 
induce our people to present a xmited front to our foe. 
No man in this State has voted more steadily since the 
war began, for every measure tending to slreiigthen our 
defences, and if I have ever omitted by my votes or my 
acts as a citizen to do any thing for our army or for the 
individual soldier, which patriotism and humanity require 
my enemies should specify the act. 

In common with all our people I am proud of the 
bravery onr troops have exhibited in the field and shall 
alwayH be n?ndy to do any thing in uiy power ftn* tlu^ sur- 
vivors or the families of those who have fallen in defense 
of their Country and with this profession all my past acts 

We are about all for Col. Vance for Govr. I have not 
heard of a man in this County for Johnston. Doubtless 
some will vote for him — but none avow their intention to 
do so. 


AsHEBORO^ Jvly 27 62. 

[I\ S.] Tf Mr. Clarkson Homey will deliver to the 
coiiiniaiuling officer of Co. I. 22nd Reg. before the election 
in the anny on Thursday next he will much oblige me. 1 
addressed by mail the Capt. or commanding officer of each 
Company from liandolph in the army a few days ago, ap- 
pniisiii,£i; iliciii lliat T am a Candidate for tho Commons. 
JJcfore tlieso Icltnrs could have reached llicm, Capt. Win- 
ingham'y as I learn, died, so that my communication would 
not reach the Company. 

In much haste — 

To. Major L. D. Andrews, 

AsHEiiouo, Jiily 25/62. 

I have been so occupied in various ways and also ig- roiScrafSrawiit 
norant of your whereabouts that I have not hitherto in- *° ^® i^egidature. 
formed yon that I am a Candidate for a seat in the Com- 
mons of oiu' next Qcnl. Assembly. Much pains has been 
taken to ]>rcjudice me because I was an original Union 
man, lint if I was in faiilt in this so was a large majority 
of A\>rlli (yarolina. Since war was inevitable I have by 
every word and vote and act of mine sought to induce our 
people to present' a united front to our foe and certainly no 
troops in the world ever exhibited more valor on the field 
of battle than our N. C. troops have done and none have 
become more conspicuous tlian those from Randolph, 
nearly all of whom were for the Union as long as possible. 
The candidates for the Commons are Marmaduke Robbins, 
T. L. Winslow, Jas. Bulla, Simeon McMasters and myself. 
Tf you shall think mo worthy of your continued support 
and confidence, I shall he obliged. 

184 North Cabolina Historioal Commission. 

To Paul Arnold, 8r. 

AsHEBORo, Jvly 25th, 1862. 

holSmyainiDBt ■"" ^™ ^^^^ ^^ divers persons tliat you have expressed your 
of TOui^^*^^ purpose not to vote for me in the approaching election and 

that some persons in your neighborhood who have hitherto 
been my friends even threatened by violence or disorder to 
prevent my speaking at your tax-gathering. I went to 
your tax-gathering and no such disorder occurred, .and as 
the other portion of the report may be untrue, I feel ii 
due to our past intimate friendship to address a few lines 
to you on the subject. 

I have met no man in Randolph since my last return 
from Raleigh as a member who has expressed his approval 
of my career in terms more cordial tlian youraclf. Vou 
have hoard, I l)c]ievo, my leading addresses to the ]HH>pK^ 
on the subject of the war, the draft and the mooting headed 
by Capt. Ifill, Mr. Iviuley and others. I luivo uudoi*stood 
that you approved all these addresses, but it is said you 
have taken offence at the conduct of my brother in pro- 
curing the release from enlistment of certain persons said 
to have participated in the meeting aforesaid. If this be 
the cause of offence, it greatly surprises mc Wause I al- 
ways found you a roaaonablo man, and T ought not to Ik* 
answerable for my brother's error if he committed one. I 
am told that he wrote you and others in relation to the 
enlistment of these men and that you infer tliat it was 
written upon my advice and tlint that letter was offonaivo 
to you. T do not know whether ho wrote you a letter at 
all and of course know nothing of its contents — but 1 hear 
of certain old political opponents of mine in the Eastern 
part of the County, circulating a report that you had a 
letter from me seeking to release volunteers or in some 
other way seeking to throw obstacles in the way of a vigor- 
ous prosecution of the law. I am sure you did not put 
this report afloat, l)ecause I have written no such letter but 
have contributed by word and deed I trust as much as any 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 185 

other citizen of this County who has not taken up arms, to 
induce our people to offer an undivided front to our foe. 
The point I have endeavored above all others to impress on 
our people has been to observe and obey the law. I have 
urged that the common safety of all of us required that 
every man should tuni his face against all mobs, whatever 
llwir object. You luiv(^ approved — and T trust, you still 
a]>provc this scutiuiout. 1 gave my brother no advice in 
rrbiliou to Iho uiatt(»r referred to. The day after the draft 
I left here for Morehead City and did not return home for 
about three weeks. I did not hear or know one word 
about the enlistment of these men or their release for 
weeks after the affair occurred. If, therefore, you have 
ceusurod me on account of that affair, that censure was not 
d«»scrvcd. AfliM' I camo home I often heanl a rejwrt that 
your brother had forced certain men to enlist, by threat, 
etc. I have never said you did so, because I know noth- 
ing about it — but I have said, if you did so, I disapproved 
of it, however patriotic your object — ^my motto being "ob- 
serve the law." 

I have written this long lettor because a long and inti- 
mate friendship has sulmisted between us and I have felt 
mortified and surprised that you should condemn me un- 
heard and because I believe you to be a man of too much 
manliness to impute the explanation to the mere desire to 
get your vote. I would have no man vote for me who may 
think he can cast his vote so as better to promote the wel- 
fare of the Country. 

To James Ncwlhu 

Asueboro, July £7/62. 

The powers that be will use I presume, all the exertions Aiksaidinwoar- 
they can to prejudice the army against me. The rank and 
file, left to judge for themselves, would vote for me, but 
the officers looking to promotion will perhaps control them. 

186 NoBTU Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

The large number of men at the salt-works who would 
vote for me will probably be unable to attend the election. 
Notwithstanding this I shall be elected if my friends at 
home go to tlio election. 1 know of many of your society 
[are] indisposed to go. They would vote for me if they 
would go to the election. Will it not be a most ungrateful 
return for my efforts to protect them from oppression if, 
by their inaction^ they allow my enemies to have a triumph 
over me ? I beg you to arouse them in a quiet wiiy. For 
my own ease 1 would rather be out of the Assembly than 
in it — but I am persuaded I could do some good tliere, and 
therefore desire to be elected. Any Quaker who stays 
from the polls will have no right to complain of oppres- 

To the Commanding Officer of Comjxtjijj I in the S2d Reg, 

of N. C. troops. 

AsHEBOEo, July Slth, 1862. 

^emfi\Ten^»a' I addressed a few days ago to Capt. Wininghani, by 
jojtintheLegi8ia.^^j,^ a letter informing him that I am Candidate for 

a Scat in the Couniions in the next Cieul Assembly — and 
requesting him to inform his company with the expression 
of my wish that they would give mo their votes miless 
they shall think that among the other candidates they can 
find fitter men. I learned yesterday with deep regret that 
Capt. Winingham died before my letter could have 
reached him. I iK^licvo that every member of Co. I knows 
mo well and that it would bo Hnperllnons for nic to urge 
uix)n them my reasons tending to induce them to vote 
for me. I am sure they will vote as they deem best for 
the interests of their country, and Avith this I shall be 

I address this to the commanding officer of Co. I, not 
knowing the name of its commander, and request the favor 
of him to make known its contents to his company. 

[P. s.] — The other candidates for the Commons are 


Tho8. L. Winslow, Marmnduke Robbins, Jas. Bulla and 
Sidney McMastcrs. 

To Z. B. Vance. 

AsiiEiiouo^ Sept. 16/62. 

1 siH) in tho I'uyeltevillo Observer of iiio 15tli inat. in- SJKnmcutTc^r 
fdi Illation of Capt, ^Miireliison notifying the conscripts of '^^^'^ 
Cumberland and Uarnett and those of them who have en- 
listed to report themselves to be received into his com- 
pany. I learn that there are many conscripts in this 
county who have not reported themselves, and I am sure 
nearly all of them in this Co. would immediately report 
if nllowcHl to join companies of their section. If such 
]K*rniission be given thoy can be speedily in the ranks. I 
am sure a portion of those who -went to the camps of in- 
struction have been reporting that they were not properly 
cared for and not allowed to select their companies. This 
makes it difficult to get up others. I will gladly do any- 
thing I can to get our conscripts to the front and there- 
fore write this c*)mniuiiication. 1 know not whoju I ought 
to address. An agent to arrest them has been sent here 
who is exceedingly odious to them and in whom they have 
no confidence. Perhaps I ought to address Major Mallett 
Init I am unaccjuaintcd with him. If you are not able 
to do anything in the matter let this conmiunication go 
for nothing. If Murchison be authorized to fill up his 
(yompany with conscripts surely they should have the like 
privileges, as I know Capt Murchison to be a gentleman 
and a man of intelligence. I do not doubt but he has been 
so authorized. 

This County has furnished some 8 or 9 companies, met 
the draft manfully and would have faced conscription if 
they had not been induced to believe that they would be 
allowed, as far as possible, to select the companies in which 
they were to serve. As it is, I fea^r some will only be got 

188 NoBTH Caboliha H18TOB10AL ComoBsiov. 

by force, and this may be better effected by requiring the 
militia oflScers of each company to arrest their own oon« 
Bcriptfly under such penalty for n^lect as you may have 
power to impose. One great cause of this refusal of our 
conscripts to enrol themselves i^ the exemption of their 


To I. H. Foust. 

AsitKUORo, Sept. 17 J 18G2. 

Sectton^MnM!- ^ design to send you in a few days two bushels of the 

small select lot of seed wheat It was down in a small lot 
and the day it was cut the hogs broke the fence and tore 
down most of it. Being too busy at the time to make the 
necessary repairs to the fence I hauled it in, spreading it 
over the bam. You will see it is daintigod, so that I fear it 
will not all come up. I will let you have the other 20 bu. 
you want. It is nearly clear of other varieties, but has 
some oats and cheat in it. I have an extra good fan and 
if you will send your bags before you send your wagon for 
the wheat, I will have it run several times through my fan, 
80 that it will be very superior seed. As you will have to 
send for the 20 bn. you can at the same time get the two 
bushels. I shall leave home the week after Supr. Court. 
I should like to have the bags before that, so that I can 
give personal attention to it before I leave. 

As men for whom I have tlio liigliost respei^t have it 
in view to run my name fi>r Pub. Troasuror, without any 
move on uiy part, and as I have self couiideueo in my ca- 
pacity to discharge the duties as they should be discharged, 
I will accept the appointment if tendered to me. If I am 
appointed it will be an instance where office seeks the man. 
You know me more intimately than any man in the State. 
As to public affairs, there is a more perfect accord between 
your views and mine than any of my acquaintances, and 
you know I have not sought any place of political prefer- 
ment and that my political notions have been controlled 


only by my convictions of duty to the public. Under 
these circninstances appointment would be a matter of per- 
sonal pride and gratification. I had not heard of that 
my name had been thought of for the appointment till 
I received a message from you on the subject. I thank 
you for this and the continual proofs of your interest in 
my advnncemont. 

1 can not liud the liulleliiu it is an anonymous ai*" Treatment of 
tide conveying the idea that the company gets nothing doiph 
but "tatoes and cabbage" in this County — ^that we are 
"Unionists," and 1 (by name) the representative of this 
class, and it falsely asserts that I charged them $94. for a 
night's supplies. I inquired of them especially if their ex- 
pense's were [)aid by the government because, if not, they 
would 1k) charged nothing; but if it was, it would be os- 
tentatious liberality to charge nothing. They applied to 
mo in the first instance to supply them. I told them to 
try the hotels and if they could not supply them then I 
would. They returned and said they coidd get corn and 
hay from Jack Hamlin, but no oats or nothing to feed 
thrni^elves. I snpplird them with 82 lbs. of salt ham at 
35 — (lour at 8 1-2 cts. per lb — oats at 10 cts. per doz. 1 bu. 
I potatoes at $1.50 — and com (Jack could not supply 
enough) at $1.75 lard at 35 cts., cabbage, salt, etc nothing 
— and $5. for cooking. It took all my hands, male and fe- 
male, almost a day, and I fed several of them, filled their 
haversacks, etc — and charged nothing. My bill was $70. 
When theCapt was about paying me he said he was allowed 
by the Government only $50.00 per day to feed his 80 
men and horses — ^that he would lose $20 and whatever 
Jack chnrgiMl him. T handed back the $5. charged for 
trouble and told him he would have had nothing to lose if 
this limitation had been made known to^me. I don't know 
what Jack charged but he told me they docked his hive. 
The ladies, night and morning, sent them coffee, tomatoes, 
etc for which there was no charge. I think the Capt. had 

190 North Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

a fixed purpose to get what he could out of us in this 
County and then to traduce us. 

[P. S.] — I loam that Mr. Burney and tlie ladies of 
his family enjoy greatly the attack on me. I can take no 
notice of the article through the press witliout a contesr 
with an ignoble blackguard shielded by a military Court. 

To William. A. Oraham^ 

Sept. 28th, 1862. 

gSionto'make*^" You Say many of my friends are speaking of making 

me Public Treasurer. It originated with my friends. I 
had not thought of it. If my friends, without my seeking, 
shall confer the appointment on me I will accept it, having 
some confidence that I could discharge the duties of the 
place properly. 

From M. A. Alston. 

IhiUi Point. Oct. 27th, 1SG2. 
When you collect my note in your hands on a Mr. A. 
Smith please demand specie payment. I would have been 
satisfied with paper currency at the time I needed it, but 
he would not pay and I have thereby been compelled to 
spend two or three hundred dollars more by not getting 
it at the time he promised to pay. 

' William A. Graham, of Orange, was a gradiiato of the State Uni- 
versity and was a lawyer by profession. He had been a member of 
the House of Commons from 1833 to 1837, State Senator in 1854, and 
at the time of this letter, member of the U. S. Senate 18411844, Gov- 
ernor 1845-1849, Secretary of the Navy under Fillmore, Whig candi- 
date for Vice-President in 1850. In 18G3 he was elected to the Con- 
federate Senate, and in 18()4 became President pro tern, of that body. 
After the war he was elected to the U. S. Senate, but was not admit- 
ted. He was also elected to the Legislature of 1805, but was not par- 
doned. He died in 1875. 


To D. G. WoHh. 

AsiiBBORo, Nov. 1st, 1862. 

I received your letter from Fayetteville some days ago Regardiog the 

,-,- _ •^o manag'eineiit of hte 

in which you express doubt as to the expediency of over- daughter's pianta- 
sccing Boxnna's hands and farms, fearing the public 
opinion wonid condnnn it as an nnwortliy expedient to 
avoid military service. 

If I felt there was anything disagreeable in it I would 
not advise 'it — for though I would rather lose the last piece 
of property and the last dollar I have, than see you enter 
Iho army, I would advise no disreputable means of avoid- 
ing it. For public disapprobation, unless just, I have 
little regard, bnt I think intelligent public opinion would 
approve your course, even putting it on the ground that 
exemption was your object. The government of Roxana's 
negroes and management of her affairs she can commit 
to no other person with propriety and safety. She and 
1mm* (*liildrcn and your wife mid children, in the midst 
of a large slave population, can look to you alone for 
prolr(*tion, and yon in offset asRumed this duty while it 
(lid not carry corruption with it. You did it while you 
were exempt by a substitute and before the passage of the 
act excepting overecers. I have heard of no one being 
blamed for obtjiining exemption by any lawful means who 
had a family to i)rotcct and was not an original secessionist 
— but I have 'said enough. You are capable of viewing the 
matter in all its aspects — and must decide for your own 
conviction of duty and honor — It is Court week here next 
week. Only one week intervenes between Court and the 
(3rnl. Aswrnhly. In that week I must go to Cane Creek 
and mako dis|>ositions for a three months absence. Several 
of my hands must bo transferred from here, etc. It will 
1)0 imiwasiblo for me to visit you, nor do I think my pres- 
ence would 1)0 of any service. I throw out my general 
views about Roxana's affairs by no means desiring you to 

192 NoBTH Carolina Histobical Commission. 

be governed by my views. You have had more time and 
opportunity to consider the subject than I have and you 
must decide for yourself — ^witli Roxana's approval — for I 
want her to understand all her business. 

If you should decide to remain where you are then, I 
thinky if you retain Parker, he should be placed at the 
Swamps, which would involve the building of a shanty 
for him. A neat cabin of cypress or other poles would 
do — If you should decide to stay and oversee, you would 
need an assistant — ^both of you under 'the cxcniptiou act 
could not remain on the same place. 

I devolve on you, at all events, the whole planning and 
management for Roxana, for the present — with the evident 

If you urge it T will go fmiu Raleigh lo Avi'i-yHlHiro any 
Saturday night — ^meet you there with a carriage or buggy 
and spend a day or two with you. 

We are all well — ^Love to all. 

From S. S, Jachson. 

Nov. 6th, 1862. 

I send you a copy of a letter of instructions reed by 
Manning a day or two ago. Did not Lindloy sell and con- 
vey to Mendenhall the Cane Creek lands prior to the 
30th August, 1801 ? If so, he will lose them or will be 
bound to pay you back what you paid him and damages, 
for T take it for granted that ho warranted your litlc. 

This negi'o money due tho Alston ncgro(»s in Ohio, also, 
will have to be refunded. 

Nothing new, all tolerably well. We have just heard 
on yesterday the truly afflicting news of the death of Doc- 
tor Worth — a martyr in the cause of humanity. 



From Wade Keyes, Acting Attorney Oeneral, 

Confederate States of America, 

Department of Justice. 
Richmond, Oct, 22^ 1862. 

Circular letter to District Attornies and to Receivers under 

llui So(jue«tratioii Act. 

The Act of the 30tli August, 18GI, declares that certain 
property **heKl, owned, possessed, or enjoyed by, or for 
any alien enemy, since the 21st day of May, 1861," is 
thereby sequestered, and that it shall be held for the 
full iiideiniiity of a class of persons therein siK'cified. The 
Act vested the property in the Confederate States, and 
dcclar(»d a trust, and you are instructed to pi*oceed in all 
cases, in which that trust seems to be impaired by subse- 
quent legislation, as if no such legislation had been made. 
The object is to settle judicially the constitutionality of 
such subsequent legislation. 

InstancoH wherein the trust seems to be impaired by the 
Amendatory Act of the 16th February, 1862, readily oc- 
cur; as the seventh section thereof, which gives the proj)- 
erty of certain alien enemies to the next of kin independ- 
ently of any trust, the section is a nulity. If the property 
be not sequestered it remains in the alien enemy; if se- 
questered, the title is in the Confederate States, and the 
Congress cannot make gifts nor grant bounties. 

The 4th Section of the Amendatory Act seems also to 
Ix* violation of the trust, as in contravention of the original 
Act, it exempts from sequestration property transferred by 
an alien enemy tx> a citizen of the Confederate States, prior 
to the 30th August, 1801 ; and so of the sixth section of 
the Amendatory Act, if it shall appear that it limits the 
class of persons known as alien enemies at the time the 
first Act was approved. But these are given merely as 


104 NoBTii Carolina Historical Commission. 

instances, the better to call the whole subject to your care- 
ful consideration. 

To B. F. niair. 

AsHEBOBo, Nov. 10th, 1862. 

2i^3?.*"* ^^ I was ap; .uted last week County Salt Comr. in place 

of J. Worth who resigned on account of being a member 
of the Gonl Assembly. I inclose the evidence of my a|)- 
pointmcut. Ife explained to the Court, a majority being 
present, all his plans, which were unanimously approved 
by the Court, among which was the plan to send you to 
Saltville, to pay for the 107 sacks salt at $1.50 per bushel, 
and then to come with it to High Point if you can get it 
there, or to Danville. Jesse Colctrane has started with 
his 4r horse wagon and took 100 throe bushel sacks — and 
Eli A. Ilanner left here on Friday last with a two horse 
team and took 148 three bushel sacks. It is expected tliat 
you will start in time to reach Saltville befoi*e they get 
there. They are to deliver the sacks to you. T inclose 
chock to pay for tho 321 bushels. The check is for $481.50. 
You are sent to see that the wagons sent are employed 
according to the arrangement you make. The following 
wagons have started — ^David Coletrane, Jesse Coletrane. 
Chas. Cox, Marmaduke Swain and Wm. White, with four 
horse teams, and Eli TTanner with two horse team. Others 
speak of going but are not i-eliable. Immediately on your 
arrival, see whether they will take any two horse teams — if 
so, on what terms — also whether there is a limited time 
within which they must start from liere. Try if possible 
to make a further purchase for as large a quantity as you 
can, to be delivered at as early a date as possible before 
Christmas, to be brought by Rail Road. I will supply 
sacks in due time. You are to be paid your expenses and 
the same wages you received for your last trip, and I de- 
sire you to stay long enough "to learn all the ropes and 


make any arrangement for a supply of salt for the county 
(as much as you can get) which you would do were you 
yourself County Salt Comr. ) 

As I do not know how much salt each wagon will bring 
beak, I can't send money by check to pay for it. See if 
it will not do for each wagoner to pay, for the County, for 
liis load of salt, bringing a bill for tlic snuic rccoiptc<l, and 
1 will rivfnnd \l\v money to him when he gets hero with 
the salt. If tins will do, request the wagoners to pay. I 
wish you to feel authorized to act in my behalf in every 
contingency which may arise and inclose a power of at- 
toi'ncy to this effect You know, I presume, when the first 
wagons started, to-wit, the Messrs. Coletrane & White, and 
von will start in time to get there as soon as they do. 

Try your l>cst to get leave to send two horse wagons. 
If tlioy will accept them with leave to start three weeks 
hence, we can pi-obably send enough to supply us, but it 
would be almost too late before they could return with 
their load, and will only do as a JaH resort If the salt 
can be bought and brought by R. R. so as to get here ear- 
lior, it will bo nnich proforablo. 

To Josiah Turner.^ 

Nov. nth, 1862. 

Yonrs of the 5th inst. reached me by yesterday's mail. ft^ilSftoacccpt 
I seek no office whatever, but I will not decline to ac- Pj;^"«"<>fT«^- 
ccj^t the Treasurer's Office if the General Assembly think 
proper to confer it on me. I will not electioneer for it. I 
am influenced to agreeing to serve, if elected, by the same 

> Josiah Turner, Jr., of Orang^e, was a State Senator in 1868 and 
18G0. He was a peace member of the Confederate Congress. After 
the war he was elected to Congress but was not admitted. He be- 
came the editor of tlie Sentinel newspaper in 1868. The same year 
he was elected to the General Assembly, but was not seated on ac- 
count of disabiliti**s. He became one of the most prominent figures 
in North Carolina Ileconstruction. 

196 NoBTii Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

considerations which induce you to desire my election. I 
feel that you and I and a few others deserve well of the 
State, and feci that an endorsement of my course would 
not only gratify me personally, but would be a salutary 
rebuke to the destructives. 


To E. J. Hale and Sons. 

AsiiEBOKo, Nov. 12lh, 1862. 

SrtnSng"*^ ^^^^^ Owing to indisposition at tlie time your answer was re- 
ceived, declining to publish my article in relation to the 
pub. printing, I did not answer. One of the objections 
you state to luy phiu, to wit, tliat the Asylum oflico cannot 
do all the pub. printing, is unanswerable — and your other 
views are entitled to much consideration. Whilst 1 have 
no doubt of tho correctness of the principle at which 1 
was driving, I am by no means certain that the attempt 
now to carry it out might not work injury instead of good, 
and I am glad you decided not to publish my article. If 
you inferred that it sprung frcuu nny n^iui^uaucc on my 
part, to giving tlie printing to M r. Ilolden, it was a wrong 
inference. I would rather give it to him than any other 
editor in the State. Judge Shepherd was not informed 
that I had any intention to write anything for the press 
on the subject. 

From 8. S. Jachsoriu 
Abhbbobo, N. C, Nov. 19th, 1862. 

Andrew Bryns requested me to write you in reference 
to his case: he says you know all about it: it is my opinion, 
if he has been an invalid, that no Affidavit that he can 
make will exempt him, as tho Instructions say that the 
"Exemption Act" is prospective. If you have the time, 
you will oblige if you will give me any information on 
the Subject, 


Mr. Marsh and I have a notion of taking a pork con- 
tract with the State, and if you have the time you will 
oblige if you will make the necessary for us. Mrs. Worth 
and I came by the plantation in Chatham and found all 
well and everything in order. Staid all night and came 
home on Monday night to the great surprise and gratifica- 
tion of all. 

Wo have seen that lUindolph has three officers in the 
Legislature, Page, Hill and Calton, and we feel much comr 
pHmeiUed. We are all well here and hope to hear from 
you soon, and all send love. 

From J). 0. Worth. 

Mill Gkove, Nov. 20th, 1862. 
We are all very anxious to see you and the household Matters reiaUng to 

• •-mri Biilt works. 

have prevailed on me to remain until Monday niommg next 
1.0 H(»o you if you can conio down on Saturday. We do not 
know when the stage i)a8sc8 Ashcboro going down, but my 
impression is it is somotimo botwceii midnight and day. We 
will know to-day however as this letter will be sent there 
to be mailed. You said in one of your letters you would 
come down almost any Saturday if we urged it. We dislike 
to urge you, but we wish to see you so much that we hope 
yon will by iio inninH fail 1^ come. Wo will send to Avorys- 
boro at the proper time to meet you which will I suppose 
l>o soiiiefimo Sahirday night. I was packed up and ready 
to start this morning but it rains and besides I had decided 
to remain till Monday. I must go then and look after my 
own alTairH schiip. I don't feel right in letting Greene bear 
the burden alone. Greene writes me that he has sold half of 
«.»ur salt works for $JJ()()(). ]Ie has the new pans at work and 
they iHirform well. Salt has fallen to $12. in consequence 
of the Gov's ])roc^laniation that salt shall not be exported. 
I think, though not because I am a salt-maker, that this 

198 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

act of our Gov. is a blunder. If the Southern States gain 
their independence they will have to help each other in 
every way they can. This act of the Gov, will shorten 
the production both in causing those who arc already 
engaged in the business to relax their efforts and prevent- 
ing others from going into it. At the present rate of pro- 
duction, or rather the prospective rate, the demand in this 
State will soon slacken so that there will be no induce- 
ment for others to go into it. I hope it will work better 
than I think it will. 

Mike cut his knee yesterday very badly so that he will 
probably not be able to do anything for a long time. He 
is so useful in doing anything and everything that I don't 
see how we are to get along while he is confined. I feel 
very uneasy about his knee, for fear it will be stilliiied. 
I don't see that Iloxana will be able to do any Ik'tter in 
the way of an overseer than by retaining Parker, though 
I should much prefer that she had a better one. I have 
said but little to him about it. He is willing and anxious 
to remain, I think, but wants increased wages. Itoxana 
prefers that you should make the bargain with him, as 
1 do myself, for 1 think you could rule him diiwn to rea- 
sonablo terms than I could. There will have to be an 
agreement too about how much provisions he should have 
for the year, etc. which I don't know how to determine. 

We have decided to let the house he now occupies be the 
overseer's house, as it happens to Ihj in just the location, 
above all others about the place for it It will have to 
have a piazza added to it with a little room in one end. 
Mike was at work on another house for himself when he 
cut his knee. 

JJanSSo?***'"* ^ ^^^ ^^^® * S^^ ^^^^ ^f ^y® ^^^ ^^*8 sowed and expected 

to get nearly done this week, but for the rain. Wc have 
all that field at the swamp on tlie left hand as you go 
in the bars sowed as far down as the middle of where 
they sowed last year and about 20 or 25 acres here. We 


have six plows rimiiiiig this week. I fear it will rain the 
balance of the week. Charles has goue to Asheboro. There 
were GO loads of corn on their place. It is all gathered 
at the swamps except the new ground. The Bird place 
is to gather yet. I intended to commence gathering them 
on Monday next but the rain put us back so with the 
Jlyo 1 fear \xv shall not be able to commence it until Tues- 
day or Wednesday. Shall put as many hands as possible 
to clearing as 8<mjii as the liyo is i)ut in. The oats have 
conio up but Cato sowed them too thick. 1 >vas not there 
while he was sowing them, supposing he knew all about 
it, having seen the grain sown on the plantation all his 

Tlio li(»gH nvv all doing pretty well though they don't 
faltc II very fast as they are all so spongy. They grow more 
llinu tlu^y fatleii. They are ahead of any in the neighbor- 

Com has advanced to $2.50 and peas to 2.00 to 2.25 at 
Fayottevillo. What will it bo next June I ! 

If you are not able to come on Saturday next write us 
when you can come. The mail comes to Burns Ixwel from 
V. on Wednesihiys and from Kaleigh on Saturdays, so if 
you reply to this immediately and direct it by Fayetteville 
it will reach here Wednesday. After Wednesday direct 
it simply to Burns Level and it will reach here on Sat- 
urday. I don't know when the mail via Bums I^vel 
loaves llaleigh. It is possible it may leave there in time 
for you to reply so as a letter may reach us Saturday. 

All join in much love to you and hope to see you soon. 
If it continues to rain a day or two the C. F. river may 
be up 8o high as to l>o dangerous to cross in a canoe. They 
have no oilier boat there now. 

200 NoBTU Carolina Histobigai. Commission. 

Prom 8. S. Jachson. 

AsHEBOBo^ N. C, Now. gist, 1862. 

I received your letter yesterday with receipt for Pickett 
& Hale — and you said that they would have to make aii 
affidavit. J have boon looking at the Exemption Act, and 
I don't find anything about an Affidavit. 

Suppose a man has been a Black Smith for the last 10 
years and is 44 years old but has not been making Smith- 
ing a business and suppose he were to set up a Shop now 
— and work for the public. Would it exempt himi AVe 
are all well here. 

for A clerkihlp. 

Nov. 27th, 1862. 

Srv?.T**Sw*cr"" We the undersigned take pleasure in recommending Mr. 

W. O. Fowler for the position of Ckrk in one of the 
departments of tlio State. We have known him for some 
time and have no hesitation in saying that his habits are 
very good and his character for integrity unimpeachable, 
lie has been a clerk in a stoi'o in the city and at Chapel 
TTill for several years, and we have reason to believo he 
would make a very fair accountant. 

K. II. Battle, «Tb., 
E. F. Watson 
P. II. Winston, Jb. 
Giles !^^EBANE 
S. F. Phillips 
W. N. Patterson 


W. A. Graham. 

From Wyatt 0. Jordan 
Cane Creek, Chatham Co., N. C, Nov. 28/62. 

Uon'injitura!*"'*" I ^ccd yours of 22 Inst and in i-ei)ly we are through 

sowing wheat and sowing oats at present I am about start- 


iiig Stcriiig and Julius to Ashboro to day with a load of 
shocp. I have been trying to buy pork but find no one 
ready to say what he will sell at I could have engaged 
pork two weeks ago at $20 and think I can some yet. You 
can send salt as soon as you can for if I but it w^U be 
(Miniin^ in sofin. .lulius and Wosloy need a dmt a ])ieco. 
you say you can get mo ont of the army by going to your 
Dauglitera the boys hero say her overseer will steal and 
they will not stay if he comes up her so you can do as 
its suits you. I had most as soon go to camp as to move 
so far it is so expenctive if you could get some of your 
Daughters nogros T think it would suit best to all coserned 
])lea8 excuse my haste. 

From Daniel Hackney to Gov. Vance. 
St. Lawrknck, CirATiiAM Co., N. C. Nov. the 20th, 1862. 

In the last ten days aided a few days by Mr. Kobert Relating to sup- 

•^ J J plleg for floldiora. 

l)ors(»lt and Lieiilpnant LandnMi. I have collecled and for- 
warded to Kaleigh for the Cos. E. & G. of the 2Gth Reg. 
20 pairs of yam gear pants, 30 yarn shirts, 8 cotton do, 
25 yam drawcra cotton do IG blankets and 3 quilts 50 
pair socks 4 coats 1 overcoat 3 , pair shoes 3 hats 11 pair 
^l»ives 1 1 neck (M)mforlH 4 v(»sis also several boxes of pro- 
visions. We hav(» selected Mr. llobert Dorsett to carry 
fheni and disfribulc necording to the wishes of the donors. 
The alM)ve amount <)f clothing at the present price of 
<'lothing in this section of the Country is worth at least 
bt*t\V(HMi sevcMi and eight hnndred dollars. L think that 
not at best so large an amount has been carried from this 
S(»ction of county by our Sheriff and others visiting the 
camps in the last summer. I am now making an effort 
in behalf of the 5th Keg. and hope and think I shall be 
able to get a considerable amount. I am sorry that we 
could not have had all our contributions sent at one time 

202 North Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

but that could not be done. Your patriotic Proclamation 
has reached the heart of the ladies and they are deter- 
mined to use the means which thoy had desi{i;nrd for tlw 
comfort of their families for the use of our brave sokiiers 
who stand as a wall between them and Yankees no iKtiet* 
than Brute Butler and they will continue to divide and 
fast as they can make as long as they hear of a suffering 
soldier as to shoes they cannot be had to much extent for 
the want of leather. 

From J. c7. Jackson. 

PiTTSBOKo, Slst Nov. 18G2, 

u^lnTiu election ^ ^^^^ your letter a few days ago and as you were under- 
stood and expected to a eandiihite, 1 was highly gnitiiieil 
at its contents. I must confess however I am not free 
from anxiety for fear that the nuiliee of your enemies nniy 
vet successfully prejudice your election; added to Courts* 
popularity. Some men came up hist Saturday from llal- 
eigh who were for Courts. They were not nu»mbers. They 
said that Courts said that if he eouhl put off the election 
for a week or two he would be elected. That Waddell and 
Harris from this County and Ileaden would vote for 
Courts. That Taylor would vote against him ludess he 
cleared up some report touching remarks he had made 
about Vance, etc., etc. If you have time please to write 
mo a line as long as your finger. All usually well. 

From D. 0. Worth. 
Wilmington, N. C. Dec, Ist 1862. 
Matters relating to Yours of the 28th is to hand. We called at headquarters 

salt works. ^ ^ 

this morning to get a permit to transport the salt we had 
sold previous to the laying of the embargo, but to our 
surprise they refused to give us a permit, on the grounds 


that they had had uo further iiistructious from the Gov. 
since his first order directing the (Jenl in command not to 
allow one bushel of salt to be carried out of the State, 
though it was sold previous to the passage of the resolu- 
tion, except that sold to town, corporations, counties, or 
individuals for actiuil consumption. They pay no heed 
lo tlio printed proclnniation and will nof. until tlioy get ofii- 
c'vdl orders. Wo have today about 125 bush, to ship under 
previous contract. 

It is strange that the Oovr. has not given Oonl Whiting 
orders in accordance with his late proclamation. 

We will sell the sack salt brought for you a few days 
»go. Wo arc on tip-toe to hear from the election of Treas- 
urer. iJoped you would have said something about it in 
vonr leMc r. We infer from what we have heard that it 
is a fixed fact that you will be elected. 

The health of Wilmington is now very good, there are ucaiui in wn- 
MO traces of yellow fever left. No new cusvs for two weekrf 
past. Jiusincss is moving rapidly, though it is all con- 
lined to salt. The greatest difficulty in the way now is 
I ho want of transportation. The Kail lloads can't near 
<lo the work. There are at least 3000 bush, made dailv. 
and increasing rapidly. This with the vast quantities of 
corn, flour and other articles give the Roads more than 
they can do. 

Oonl. Whiting seenm t,o U) working with all his might 
to put this place in a state of security from the enemy. 
ITo even works his hands on Sunday* He now has 400 
or 500 negroes at work on the fortifications. He like 
all former commanders here sweep clean while the broom 
is new. We hope his broom will hold out longer than 
his predecessors. 

er't oertlflcate. 

204 NoBTH Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

Prom H. C. Lane, 

AsHEBOBO^ N. C, Dec. £nd/6S. 

mSo^Mto^teSch- Will you pleose infomi me how to procure a certificatr 

to teach a common school. I called upon Mr. S. S. Jaok 
son a few days ago to solicit infonnation upon the subjcvl 
but he could give me none. He thought you had not author- 
ized any one to grant certificates in your name durin«i 
your absence. I told him I would write to you and ask 
you in your answer to authorize him to grant me a certifi 
cute — that is if you could consistently — an early reply will 

public miller. 

From liilcy Ililh 

Dec. 2nd 18G± 

sm?dctai?od al* * I havo bill looking for a letter from you on what \vr 

have bin talking about, But have not reed, a word, now 
Sir I want you to have my son Samuel W. Hill Dctaileil 
as Miller. He was our ^Miller at the time of the Drafi 
and had bin for some time, when ho was taken under 
the draft we got another, ke])t him but a short time and 
He was taken as a conscript. So we have bin dragginir 
along ever since with no particular Miller and a great 
deal of grinding to do. I have 3 sons in the army and have 
had ever since the draft. I do not think that my Miller 
ought to be discharged. I see Men almost every dav 
detailed, some for one thing and some for another, Bnt 
none in my jiidginiont of ns iiiueh iniporlaiuui as a public 
Miller. Now sir if you will exert every nerve to get him 
discharged, I will pay you for all the trouble you may 
be at and if you should succeed I will pay you an addi- 
tional fee and if there can be nothing done I want you to 
let me know it as soon as possible, do all you can for me 
and as soon as you can. 

[Another letter on same sheet] From Jason C. Harris. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 205 

Mr. J. Worth Dear Sir, I am happy to Icaru that Raii- 
<Io]ph is not (lead but sleepeth. I see that both Door Keep- 
t'l^s were selected from our county and that your self has 
l)iu elected public treasurer, if this be so I think we shall 
have a long funeral procession for some will certainly die 
'»u the account of it. I hope it is so, do have our Capts. 
Dinlricts put I'nrk iih thoy onc(^ wore inid t.hiil. will give one 
half of the ollicers to the arpiy and cpuet to the people 
ilo all you can for us, give my respects to Air. Ilobbins — 
write to me soon. 

From S. L. Norwood, Secretary to Z. B. Vatice. 

Lenoir, Deer. 3rd 1862. 

In response to your most urging and touching ftppc?al ^,'2d^*f^r wwilw, 
ill iK^half of our suffering soldiers the ladies of the Sol- 
diei*s Aid Society in Caldwell, in conjunction with Capt. 
Kaucette's district, send by Col. Hartley three boxes 
• lirecU'd to your Excoll(Micy containing the following arti- 

:\\) MnnketH 
1 03 pi*s of socks 

40 shirts 
17 prs of pants 

2 " " drawers 

*\ contH 

2 prs gloves 
Wo beg leave to mention that wo have heard recently. 
I hat the supplies sent by this society to companies F. & 
r. (2Gth N. C. T.) immediately after the Newbern disas- 
<fr are still in statu quo at Qoldsboro. Should it be thought 
!»rop<T we desire that they be used for those companies 


We are sorry that our contribution is no larger and hope 
-oon to be able to send another box. Allow me to say 
■ hat the ladies here feel the deepest interest in your efforts 

206 North Carolina Histobioai. Commission. 

to clothe our soldiers and a sincere wish to aid in every 
way possible in the maintenance of our just cause. 

Gov. Z. B. Vance 

(By order of the Society.) 

From Nathan Hunt, Jr. 
Near High Point, J^th Deer. 18G2. 

p^itioii ^^^ * ■"" h^P^ y^^ will pardon me for intruding on your time 

a few minutes on account of my own business. 

The exigency of the present times induces me to en- 
deavor to get into some business by which I can support 
my small family. 

I am therefore induced to enquire of you if you know 
of any placo or situation that a man of my uge and 
habits of business could procure that would pay a salary 
sufficient to support a small family content to live in i\ 
frugal manner — Some of my friends have suggested the 
office of mail agent or postmaster on the railroad if a 
vacancy should occur, which office I think I could fill to 
satisfaction having l)een conversant with the postoffice bus- 
iness during thirty-five years of my life. 

You know something of my business qualifications and 
if you should know of any clerkship or agency of any 
kind that will not require hard labor that you think T 
could fill to advantage and you will use some endeavors 
to procure such for me I shall ever appreciate it as a 
disinterested act of kindness on your part to your hunibh' 

I am past the time of life for manual labor or I should 
not solicit office or situation of any kind. I think I can 
give satisfactory references or procure satisfactory rec- 
ommendations as to qualification for any place that I 
should desire. 

Your election to the office of treasurer of the State 
seems to give great pleasure to all your friends and ac- 
quaintances here. 


From Joseph Newliiu 

Nkw AIarket, N. C, 12/G/G2. 

I feel glad to sec the Conservatives getting in power. ReiaUM toexemp 
and boi)e to see honest conservatives fill every omce from ^oni military 
the Governor down to the Section Master on the Rail Road, 
helirving it to be a prelude to peace, by putting good, hon- 
I'st iutolligont mm in power, and I may add Christian men, 
which embraces almost my only hope of peace. 

I was gratified at thc» nomination of thy name for Treas- 
urer and hope ere this tliee is elected to that important 

There is one subject to which I wish to call thy atten- 
tion. Not knowing whether it would be advisable at the 
pn^ont tiiiie to agitate it, which is the subject, of Friends 
paying the $500 — the price of exemption under the Con- 
script Act, whether it releases them from the ordinance 
requiring the payment of the $100. I have my own views 
in relation to it, but I do not know whether they are correct. 
I here Aire I wish thy opinion in the matU^r, if it is the case 
(liat wo should bo liable to pay both taxes, I do think that 
lliow who pa}' the $500.00 and those who are detailed to 
Salt Works, etc. ought to be exonerated from the requisi- 
tion of the ordinance, and in case they would be liable 
under the ordinance, would it be imprudent to ask the 
legislature to release us from such obligation. — ^Would be 
pleased to hear from you on the subject, as well as any 
olher subject as thee may feel inclined. 

From Maria Frances, 

At Home, 12 mo 7 1862. 

I UhA 80 anxious to hear what C. P. Meiideuhall said or Rcganiiiigadebt. 
done, in regard to the Judge's decree, that I hope thou 
will excuse me for asking thee to write me a few lines, 
as I have not heard from thee since the 19th of 10 — mo. 

208 NoBTii Carolina Histobical Commission. 

I am pretty certain, they didn't paj' thee the $2000. 
nor compromise or thou would have written. We have 
oflFered several times and they always refiis(i to compro- 
mise for $0000. after taking all the interest on what 1 
ought to have for four years, or nearly that now. Pcrhapa 
we had better never offer for $6000. again, but just get 
what we can, and all the law will give us. I don't know 
how soon we may be in Yankee-dom and I wished to write 
thee once more and ask thee to attend to the case as 
thee has done, even if there is no comiimnication. l'hc(; 
has come very near getting my right, and perhaps may 
succeed yet, after the courts are restored. If thee ever 
docs get my right I intend to pay thee amply, and if thee 
has rather have some other Lawyer to assist theo, do as 
the thinks propper. lV'i*son and Dortcli arc no doubt gocnl 
lawyers, and fine men, but some others may be more 
convenient and suit better in this case. I hope theo will 
do what thee thinks right. 

We have made thy proposition known to several who 
have slaves and told them it was a good chance for any 
who wished to send them up country, and gave them thy 

wMUviir°'*^^**°" ^^® ^^'® uneasy about what is to become of us, and what 

wo have. My husband thinks it would ruin him to break 
up now and move, and perhaps may be ruined to stay. 

It seems to me secession has ruined our country. I 
feel so sorry for all the poor down-trodden soldiers, and 
so much sympathy for Friends, please let me know how 
lh(^y fan^ T eonldn't go to Y. ^f. for 1 wanl. lo Imj at 
home if the Yankees ever come here, they luive been to 
Jacksonville fifteen miles below here, took $2000. worth 
of negroes and other things but told them they needn't 
go if they didn't want to. it is said, they seemed scared, 
only staid a short time, poor creatnres, it was a bad 
trip, on their return, were fii-ed on by our men, and got 
their boat so fast in the sand they couldn't get it off. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 209 

Tlioy shelled the nliorc so our soldicra left. That night 
tliey took what tlicy could, set fire to their boat and left; 
it is said, they took $300. worth of clothes for the soldiers 
deposited at Jacksonville. I don't suppose they will come 
again unless they take Wilmington, which we hear is 
soon to be attacked. I wish this terrible war was over. How 
ffiMHl and pure the i>riueiple« of Friends arc; what a pity 
that those professing such should have to go to war, but 
the Hills took my portion from me by fraud, and that after 
I was in possession of it as much as they were. Nathan 
assured mo there never would be any compromise, that it 
should be fought out. I hope he may get whipped yet, 
but if he whips me and takes what I had, I hope I may 
1)0 blessed as the man "who was traveling from Jericho 
to Jerusalem." Ae(Tpt my husband's high regards. 

[r. S.] — 1 felt much sympathy for thy dear aged 
mother, and all the family, when I saw the death of thy 
lamented Brother Clarkson. What an humbling time, 
overy way, for all of us. 

From J. A. Worth.' 

Fayktteville Deer. 8th 1862. 

Your letter reached me yesterday. I had sent forward 
the salt some days ago. I suppose it is used by this time 
on 3'our pork. 1 am glad to say that Lizzie is convales- 
cent and I think will get well. Albert's general health 
is l)etter but his leg do(»8 not improve. There is much 
Iwne that has to nuike its way out. The Doctors fear 
that to cut would too much weaken the circulation. 

You know I am tolerably good grit but for some months 
I havo been put to more than my trumps, and Fatima has 
sIimhI more hard work and trouble than a mule could. 
I am ghd and nwre than (find to sec Secession Lo(»,o foco- 
ism and JJibbleism getting used. I do not know how to 
express myself on the matter. I have not time to write 

> Joseph Addison Worth, a brother of Jonathan Worth. 

210 NoBTH Cabolii^a Historical Commission. 

to-day — ^will be going to Richmond soon and will come by. 
Albert shall write you. 

From Geo. W. Mordccai^ 

Raleigh, N. C, Dec. 9th, 1862. 

We have no present intention of discontinuing our 
agency at Qoldsboro; but if Mr. Wiley is willing to ac- 
cept the appointment of Chief Clerk in the Treasury 
Department I would be perfectly willing to give him 
up. I think Mr. Wiley fully competent to discharge the 
duties of the office and can recommend him as a gentle- 
man of high character and rigorous honest integrity. 

From li. 0. Worth. 

Wilmington, N. C, Dec. 9/62. 

Enclosed find bill for 2 Sacks L. P. Salt of which you 
have been advised. The entry was the hist one nuulo by 
our brother. I scut the bonds signed by Hm. J^lillon and 
myself to Bro. Addison, by private hand and requested 
him to get the other signatures and forward it to you at 
once. Souio stir and excitement here to-day a/c of the 
sailing of the fleet from New Bern — I am too busy — 

Yours in reference to Book Keeper is at hand, will 
report to-morrow. All confusion to-day. 

Mr. Jonathan Worth 

Bot. of T. C. & B. G. Worth 
Oct. 24 2 Sacks L. Salt $85. $170.00 
Dray age .75 

Turning into Barrels 2.00 172.75 

> President of the State Bank. 


From W. 0. Jordan. 
Canb Cbbek Chatham Co., N. C. Dec. 10/6£. 

I received no letter from you last week I will drop yon chaUmnToounty. 
a few lines, etc. I sent the wagon to Asheboro some two 
weeks ago and it has not come back yet they were not to 
stay bnt 'I or 4 days I am the worst outdone 1 ever was 
ill my life Tioga up to thoir hoWy in mud and no wagon to 
draw leaves and we are out of wood two weeks ago it has 
been cold and wett and we cannot plow So we kneed the 
wagon to be drawing etc and axes which they were to bring 
from home if you will rite home and tell them to send 
the wflgon back I wold be glad for we cannot get along 
well without the wagon and axes in bad weather and we 
kneed the l)oy here to work for we have more to do by 
half tlnni wc all can do and then for them to stay so long 
it ni»k(*s mc viad when I am so anxious to get the work 
along it is enough to make the best of men swear. I can- 
not engage any pork without paying Gold, $8. per houn- 
(Ircd ill Gold is all the way I can get it. I engaged 5 
or 6 hounds at $20. before I rote you for myself but can- 
not frot any morn ConfodcTnto money will not pass at all 
here. Men are offering $35. and $40. in Confederate 
money for pork but cannot get it nor cold not for $50. 
Conf. money pleas send salt soon as we ought to kill the 
Hogs soon send it to Graham We will take a load of flour 
and get it but I do not know whether to take Con. money 
I cannot get it off. 

[P. S.] — Since writing the above the wagon has come. 
They was detained sowing wheat etc. 

From J. D. Worth. 

Fayetteville Dec. 10, 1862. 

Four favor of the 8th inst. came to hand this morning. saMesUon u to 
I know of no one here suited to discharge the duties 
of Chief Clerk in the Treasury Department. 

212 NouTii Cabomna IIistobigai. Commission. 

Philip A. Wiley will do I think, he is a good Book- 
keeper, very accurate, writes a very good hand and with 
reasonable dispatch, of unusual habits of industry, quick 
of apprehension, and I think of unassailable int^ity. I 
suppose that he is a "Conservative." Your view of W. 
A. H. is my own. He would not do. This of course is 
confidential. I hope you will succeed in organizing your 
office force satisfactory and find your duties pleasant. 

[P. S.] — I saw Mr. Wiley in town yesterday and think 
that ho is yet hero. 

From B. 0. Worth. 
Wilmington, N. C. Dec. 11th '62. 

a <SeS!*^"* *"* ^ ^ '"^^^* carefully canvassed our place in my miiid and 

cannot think of any one that I think will suit you as 
a clerk. All are engaged or in the field or incompetent. 
(Dhatterton has lost cast as to character, drinks, etc. I 
hope the present clerk will act the man and prove him- 
self right in the main. You enter on the duties at short 
notice. Our Journal takes occasion to pay you a compli- 
ment though not intended as such. I should never thought 
of styling you Dictator. 

From Jno. Presnell & ^Ym. IF. Nelson. 

Gather around your country's flag, 
Mi^w of the Houili, (ho hour Iuih voww - 

None nuiy falter, none may lag — 

March to the sound of the fife and drum. 

Chesterfield Co. Va. Dec. 11th 1862. 

£f8rtemof"^^^* ^^ address yo a few lines asking yo for some advice 
eoUiAmeiit. j^^ ^^^ ^^g^ ^g ^^ ^^^ twclvo months volliu tears in the 

surves of our State and are over thirty-five years of ago 


and our twelve mouths is out and we are not willing to en- 
list in the survis of the Confederate States. We therefore 
want to now if the are bound to give us a dis Charge as we 
have made application for a dis Charge and have not got it 
and we are willing to surve our Country in a government 
worke for the war if we can get in some government shop 
cither in the Coiifcdcrato States or in the State of North 
Caroliau if wc are not in titled to a dis Charge from tlie 
army. We wish you to have us detailed to some govern- 
ment worke in the State if you posable can doo sow for the 
war and for yore trouble of getting us in some government 
worke we will pay etch of us fifty dollars to you if it will 
bo satisfaction. We hade some rather get in the Com- 
pany shop on the North Carolina railrode if we cold or 
in tlio giin shops at Faytsvill as wo have experanco to 
sonic cxtcute and practis in all the wood busness carred on 
in the State and if is required we can furnish as good 
a recommendation to our workcmanship as is wanted either 
for Htfx;kiitg gims or building coaches for the rail rode 
or almost anything elce that is to bee maid of wood we 
winli yon to h^t ns now us soon as }>o8ablo if thoar is any 
chance of gcting s dis Charge or not and if you can get us 
detailed some government woke send us the detal as soon 
as posable direct yore letter to Proctor's Creek, Chester- 
field County, va 2nd North Carolina Carolian battalion. 

From W. H. Lineberry. 

Randolph County N. C. Dec. 11th 1862. 
I hnve concluded to drop you a few lines altho I don't Rennegt for infor- 

*- *' matlon as to oon* 

know that it hardly worth while to waist ink and paper *^p^®"* 
on the subject which I am going to write about. 

You know the conscript Exemption law exempts nearly 
all kinds of mecanicks except Hatters. I have been at 
that business for nearly 20 years and it docs seem to me 

214 North Cabolii^a. Histobigal Commission. 

that the Hatter is as much needed at home as any other 
mecaniek. My Friends all say that my services would 
bo worth more to the Confederacy at my work than in 
the army. 

You know that when our volentcars left hear they all 
wore caps now as soon as one comes home and can get 
hear he wants a Hat they cuss the caps I Herd one say that 
he had rather go Barefooted than liaro Headed, you know 
that Hatters is very scarce in the South our shop was the 
only one that made Fur Hals Ix^fore i\w war in (his 
Part of the State I think there was one in the western 
Part of the State and one in the East that made fur 

Now my object in dropping you this letter is to know 
if you and Mr. Kobbins cant do souiolhiiig in the Li^g- 
islator for the Hatters of N. C. I think if you could it 
would bo approved of By the ])(H)pl(» of Randolph. 

I know I am no better than any Body Els or that Hat- 
ters Has as good a rite to fight as any Body Els. But still 
it does seem to me that tlicy had as much rite to Be Ex- 
emp as the most of the rest that is l^lxomptcd it is allmost 
a nuff to make a uuiu go crazy to Bo alH)ut a Hat shop 
now unless He Had a House full of Hats. 

I have made a Doz good wool Hats for your Boys and 
now I want you to Do something for me if you can and 
I think if the thing was Brot up Before the liCgislator 
that some thing might be done for the Hat Makers. 

My Father says He Has been at the Business for 40 
yeai's and that tli«nr never has Boon anylhing done to 
incouragc the manufacturing of Hats and now we are 
in the Southern Confederacy he Does think the Hater 
ough to be incouraged. The South abounds with the 
Best of fur if we had Hands to work it But we all have 
to be forced in the army the army will Have to go Bare 
Headed and the Boy & old men at Home 

if T have to go in the army our Shop will have to 


Ik^ dosnl 118 father is so Dvixi that lie can't liunt trimiugs 
as we have to go alhiiost all over the Confederacy to get 

I suppose you dont know me but Mr. Robbins Does 
and if you want any information. concerning me Mr. Rob- 
bins can give it. 

I IMi(»vo llic^ Kxcniption liiw give the Trosidont and 
S<'crolary of war lh«» [mwc^r lo Mxcnip any jx-rsons that they 
think Has a right to l)e Kxonip that is not named in the 
list of Exemptions and 1 have thought that if the Legisla- 
tor of N. C. was to pass a resolution in favor of the Ilat 
tcrs and Call the attention of the President to it it might 
do something for the Hatters of this State. 

[P. S.] — we had your Ilat dono By Saturdy after 
you left But never Herd a word from you till your Boy 
come after it a few days ago 

From J. M. Worth. 
Wilmington, N, C. Deer, IGth ^62. 

I have to-day made a short but substantially true report {{JSJo^SSrwoSs. 
of my salt operations to the (Jovemor and requested him 
to hand it to the Committee. My reports are not as they 
should be but need have no fear of a close investigation of 
the matter. It will all come out right. I have furnished * 

Tfi counties with 2 1 ,000 bushels at an average of $3.60. If 
it had been sold at $10. it would give $150,000. profit to 
the State. The martial law here is embarrassing me more 
than anything else. Please mention to Mr. Smith. 

216 NoBTH Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

From Allen Sheen, 

Eden, N. C. December the 20/62. 

Roaucst for a I am ploascd to fiiul you aro elected State Treasurer auil 

in particular as you are from Eandolph. If you should 
need a Clerk about that Office or could find room for me I 
would take it as a favor not soon to be forgotten if you 
would take one of my sons and try him awhile and see how 
you would like him. I have two here yet one at home and 
one that has left me cither of which I think you would like. 
I have one son suffering in the army if alive and if you 
can see any way that either of these can honorably escape I 
would take it as a favor if you would inform me of the 

We have hard time here in many resixxjt. 

From 8. 0. Worth. 
Wilmington, N. C. Deer. 25ih 1862. 

JfthS'S^XkS?" Enclosed I send to you for collection a draft on Dr. 

Isaac AV. Hughes for $330.00 If you can get a chcyck on 
Wilmington I would prefer that to a check on any other 
place as I can use it more easily. I wish you if you please, 
to call upon Govr. Vance and ask him if he will give me 
a Captaincy in the Quarter Master's Dept at Raleigh and 
if so when he will make the appointment Tie promised 
Col ton to give me the place when the Statx) troops were 

Pa started home this morning. He has not been home 
since the fever abated until now. Genl. Whiting sent for 
Pa a few days ago — and when I got to the GenPs. office the 
following dialogue took place — ^to-wit. 

Qenl. W. I understand you have too many men at your 
works, and have also learned that you are on that account 
making the salt cost the State more than any salt that is 
made hereabouts. 


Pa. If any one has told you that I have too many hands 
and that my salt costs more than that made by private par- 
tits they told yon a d — lie. 

They eyed each other for a few moments in silence, when 
the Qenl. without another word told his Adj. Genl. to coun- 
termand an order he had made taking away 150 of 
lull's inon and to np|H)int a Board to cxamino and roport. 
Thoy will rc|>ori to-day that ho has none too many. Salt is 
soiling at 14 to 15 jwr bu. now. Two vessels rcody to un- 
load now with good stony Salt and Iron. Small-Pox is in 
town but to what extent is not known. 

I dislike to ask you to do so many things for me knowing 
that your time is fully occupied but I will try not to trouble 
you H^aiii an<l shall rcincnibor very gratefully whatever you 
may do for me. 

From I. H. Foust. 

Herd Creek 30th Deer. 1862, 

When you stayed with me you will remember I was com- 
plniiiiiig. II. tiiniod out to In> an attack of jaundice which 
has pretty much confined me within doors since and now 
am recovering very slowly. I see by the papers you are 
chalking out a good deal of business and am also pleased to 
hoar that you will be elected Treasurer of State, a fact I 
foresaw long ago and regret I have not been able to visit 
the City of Oaks to aid as far as I could to accomplish it. 

What is tho news ? Write me and post me, or are you 
left as the rest of us in Randolph with hopes and fears 
IfK^king quietly but anxiously for some development per- 
haps uncx])ccted to relieve our suspense. 

I take it for granted you will raise troops for State de- 
fence according to the Qov.'s recommendation. Will you 
leave any at home or will that bill make a clean sweep of 
all of us ? If so I feel that my concern for the fate of our 
once happy and prosperous country will not trouble me 

218 NoBTH Cabolina Historical Commission. 

long. I am sure I can't stand the exposure of camp life. 
Thousands of our bravest and best [that] could with care 
liave lived to be useful have fallen and many more will, 
but this is the result of war. It is barbarous in any view. 

Write me when you have leisure. T will l>e plcjisod to 
hear from you occasionally. Give my respects to Mr. Kob- 

In a trade with John Fogleman a few days ago I got 
a barrel of good com whiskey. I have it at home and as 
I cannot drink it myself I desire to send you and Kol>- 
bins a small quantity if I meet with opportunity you shall 
have it. If I can't get it to you sooner I will carry it as 
soon as I am able to go to Raleigh. 

From Dr. Jos. D. Ilinton. 

Kaleigh^ N. C. Jany 1st 1863. 
Accompanying Ilappcninff to call at the office of W. AV. Ilolden last 

request for a post- ■^* ^ 

^*^"- Friday he handed to me the enclosed paper with his name 

subscribed to it and said Dr. if you will i)n?8(Mit that paipor 
to Judge Badger, Mr. Fowle and Wm. 11. J ones,. Esq. and 
the Mayor of the City, I am sure they all will sign it, and it 
may be useful to you these hard times. It was very kind 
of him and gracefully done, and I feel thankful to him for 
it. All the gentlemen named, promptly and cheerfully 
plttc(»d their names to it, and as Judge Donnell had been 
an old friend of mine and had practised law at the liean- 
fort bar much of the time that I was Clerk of tlie Superior 
Court of that place — my native county — (the 20 years 
that I was its Clerk) I called on him with it and he 
promptly added his name to it and expressed the greatest 
pleasure in so doing — and said, his son, the Speaker of the 
House of Commons, would add his, if needed — that he was 
then confined by an attack of Gout, and his physician 
called to see him while I was there — so T did not see him; 


but if needed 1 will get bis name to it aitboiigb Judge 
Doniiell has resided bere but a sbort time, he has inti- 
mately known me for more than 40 years and being one 
of the wealthiest men in the State his approbation of me 
for the appointment, is important. Judge Badger has per- 
sonally known me for about 50 years and practised law in 
I><»anf<)il Superior Ooiirt wliilo I was its Clerk. The otli<'r 
gentleuien have only known me here the last 25 years : but 
they know me intimately and well. I could have added 
fifty, perhaps a hundred more to it but W. Ilolden said I 
had enough. 

And now, my dear sir, allow me to tell you who I am as 
our ac(piaintanco is so slight. 

T nm descended from a Revolutionary family that did 
aud «lnivd and sulTered much for American Independence. 
My Grandfather and father — the latter at 17 years of age 
— wore volunteer soldiers in that war ; and fought in some 
of its bloodiest fields; and for so doing were robbed by the 
liritish and Tories of all tlioy could move — negroes — stock 
— ev(M*ytliing — and finally burnt out of hose and home 
and impoverished. My father married young, to a near 
relation of Ira Gray lilount and of Geii. Thomas Blount 
(the member of Congress) and of Wm. Blount Gov. of 
Tennessee; and died when I was but three years of age. 
and un|>ortioned. I was indebted to a kind step-father for 
my raising and education and start in life. I was edu- 
cat<?d for physic, but Judge Henderson appointed me Clerk 
of Beaufort Superior Court before I was 21 years 
of age, and I became a merchant, and for many years con- 
tinued in trade — and then afterwards had a drug store and 
practised niedi(*ine in that county — and after I came here 
to reside. At the connnencement of the war of 1812 I vol- 
^unteered in the army and soon had a ^Major's commission 
given me. The day I resigned my Clerkship of the Court 
I was announced in the newspaper of my town as a Can- 
didate for the. Senate of N. C. ; without my knowledge or 

220 NoBTH Oabolina Hibtobioal OoMMISBIOXr. 


consent. I was elected and for several years continued at 
that post, until my private affairs needed my attention at 
home and I resigned it. While a Senator here I married 
a sister of Gov. David Stone's widow. These ladies wore 
from Washington City, and nieces of Gov. William Gray- 
son of Maryland; and grand-daughters of the distinguished 
General Grayson of Va. of the Revolution. I lost her, the 
wife of my old age, six years ago. I had but one son, and 
he volunteered in the wretched and ruinous war in which 
wo are now engaged; and the printed slip here enclosed 
tells the story — sad story of his fate. I am now an old 
man in my 75th year — , childless and alone, and the hard 
earning of the first 45 years of my life some $20,000. swept 
away to pay the debts of other parties for whom I was 
socnrity: and liavo iKisidcs that, hwt $15,000. (hat IIkj 
United States justly owe me for the loss, by capture, by a 
French privateer of a Vessel and Cargo during the war be- 
tween the first Bonaparte and England. France paid the 
United States Government for it but the first dollar of it 
has never been paid to me. W. lloldcn, knowing these 
facts therefore said to me — the lleconiniendatiou he handed 
to me, might be useful to me these hard times. And so it 
would, if I could only earn a dollar or two a day ; I would 
strive to merit all I get — and believe I could give entire 
satisfaction or would endeavor to do it. 

Perhaps I ought to add: — ^I have been a professor of 
religion since my 17th year and for more than 40 years, 
an ordained preacher ; and gathered and was pastor of the 
Raleigh Christiaai Church some 20 years, nnd nntil infirm- 
ity, and age, compelled me to retire from pulpit labors some 
six years ago. 

I make this statement to you a stronger one to let you 
know that I have had the fortune to be regarded as a gen- 
tleman and an honorable man, by people in elevated society. 
But I have never asked office of my native State — altho' 
in 1831, President Jackson was pleased, %vithout solicita- 


lion from lue, to olfor inc my choice of the offices of J^lar- 
shal of N. C. or City Post Master here. 1 however declined 

With the best wishes for your, happiness and prosper- 
ity and honor, I am, 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleigh Jan. 6/63. 
I have never been so beset with difficulties. I have had Matters relating to 


my frionda at Ashrlyoro trying to get my liny baled and 
forwarded for weeks. They have failed. I have not a 
bundle of fodder or lb. of hay on hand and it is doubtful 
wluMi 1 can got any even at $IK). per cwt. I have no corn 
and less than 2 bu. of meal and none on market and so 
iK'cupied that I caimot leave here 'without neglect 'of my 
duties. I am just from Whitesville where I went to visit 
Ismers swamp tract of land — and found David alwut dis- 
tracted with his difficiUtics. He needs two servants — a man 
and a womnn. Neilber could be hired at 1(*sh than f$50(). a 
year. 1 have one of his nien Wesley — at my farm who 
has lately taken to wife a woman belonging to Peter Foust 
who lives near there. The woman has fits occasionally, but 
I hear they do not occur often and disable her but for a 
short time when they occur. David wants to hire this 
girl for a year and to have her and Wesley sent to him 
by the coalfield road — care of J. A. Worth, Fayetteville, 
He will pay down for her in Con. money one, two, or 
threo hundred dollars — Foust offers to hire her to me at 
$(>(). N. C. bank notes he paying Doctor's bill — or $50. I 
paying them. David will take her on the best terms she 
can lx» had at. Mi\ llusaell can have them sent with their 
plunder to Egypt. They will need a pass. 

Tf it is possible without extreme inconvenience, I want 
you to go up and try to hire the girl and send them off. 

222 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Oommisbion. 

Isaac has contracted for the tract of land at $20,000. in- 
cluding a turp. still and other chattel property worth some 
$1000. The still is probably worth $2000. He has till 
the 15th of this month to sell or to declare the trade void. — 
I offered him $24,000. including still. This would givo 
him $5000. profit. I made this offer by letter from Wil- 
mington after I left him. I think it uncertain whether 
he accept or not. If he accepts I take half and David and 
Green the other half. He has good house and is other- 
wise comfortably fixed at Whitesville, with his wife and 
negroes. He hires out his negroes — ^has a very exten- 
sive practise. * « * He sent his affectionate regards 
to all of you — directed me to say to Bettie that he was 
having some otter skins fixed for a present to her. He 
tliinks of being up on u visit before long, when I have no 
doubt he will give you a vivid picture of myself on an old 
negro's back, making a survey of his swamp. The sight 
kept his risibles in action till I left him. 

All well and on the verge of starvation. Nearly every 
man I saw on my trip is openly for re-construction on the 
basis of the Constitution of the IT. S., if these terms can 
be obtained. 

From B. O. WoHh. 

Faybtteville, N. C. Jan. 10/63. 

Send me your proxy to represent you in the meeting 
of the C. F. St. B. Co, to bo hold horo on the 15th inst. 
I will try and get your letter press hero. I rocd. your 
letter at W. but had not time to hunt one up. The pros- 
pect looks well for a good dividend and we have put on 
a rate that coins the money now. I shall return to Wil- 
mington as soon as the meeting is past. 

I have bought near here but cannot get possession till 
1st April. 


From 8. 8. Jacksoiu 
AsHEBORO, N. C. January llth 1863. 

I wrote you some ten days ago and enclosed a petition Reinting to vorioiu 
to the Governor with a good many signers to it for M. J. 
Swift (»f this roinUy, wlio desired jierniission to distill 100 
I)ushc*l8 of eoni. That ho intended to consume the corn 
Anyway in fattening his hogs and he thought that the Gov- 
ernor would permit him to distill tlie above quantity, if he 
would agree to let the State have J^ of the liquor dis- 
tilled at $6. per gallon. I have heard nothing from the 
])ni)er sent an<l suppose that you have overlooked it. 

I have two other matters that I want to get you to attend 
lo f«»r me, that I will make a good deal of money out of 
if they couhl be accomplished, and I think your position at 
Raleigh will enable you to find out without much trouble, 

1st. The matter of exempting old Fred Garner's son. 
All these cases are left with the enrolling officer and the 
Ooninuindants of Camps of Instruction. You know his 
case well enougli. 2 substitutes and mail carrier, etc. 

'J1ie Commandant of the Camps is in Saleigh every day. 
and I think if you were to write him a line to call and see 
you as you had some business with him that you might 
be able to obtain his release. 

2nd. Kiley Wright has enrolled under the 35 Act, and 
lie is a ]31ack Smith and has been one for the past ten 
years, and for the past 5 years he has kept a public shop 
and the country for miles around have been dependent on 
him, and even the women have to carry their work to 
Franklinsville to get it done. 

Jliley, Wright, as I understand from his father is now 
one of the Camp Guards at Baleigh in Mallett's Battalion. 
The people in his country are anxious to get his release and 
will have any sort of petition drawn and sent and when 
you get the interview with the Commandant of the Camp, 
you will oblige by presenting this case also. 

224 North Carolina Historical. Commissiom. 

I shall be able to pocket in the neighborhood of $1000. 
if I can get these things accomplished. 

I dislike to trouble you but I hope that it can be donti 
without a gi'cat deal of trouble. 

Do you want your Pearl Ash sold ? What did it cost 

I shall be glad to hear from you at an early date. 

AVc are all well. 

Shipp Steed I think^ will probably buy your farm west 
of Asheboro. The only difficulty is that he has not the 
money but I reckon can give a good note. There is uo 
trade, but he wanted to know what you asked and then 
said he would like to own it as it was convenient to him 
but that he didn't have the money to pay for it. 

Mrs. Worth is sending off things to Olmtluiui, havo ycvA 
one load of pork, etc. 

From J. A. Worth. 

Fayetteville, Jany. 23 1863. 
Feara of conditions It is now hitc at nii^ht. I havc b(»fn here at the Store 

growing worse. , ^ ^ 

since sun rise and am fully used up yet I must write you. 
I begin to feel more and more alarmed about the chances 
for people to live much longer if this war continues. I was 
notified to-day that by an Act of the Legislature all persons 
under 50 years old have to go out on duty once a week. 
T do not 800 for mysc^lf how T am to tlo »o and attend to 
(ho lioats, and do not know how \ ain lo gel. clear 4»f the 
duty. Perhaps you can give me light on the subject. I 
am making money fast enough, but with Doctors' bills and 
an endless and constant call for contributions to soldiers 
and poor people who are almost starving I do not head 
much, and I now look forward to vastly harder times than 
wo have yet seen under the present State of affairs, and if 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 226 

more men are called to the Held, the thing is certain that 
many must starve, and no man who has by hard work put 
up something to live upon will be able to go to sleep and 
have much hope of finding his morsel in the morning there 
is but little preparation going on for a crop next year and 
but few to prepare for it. Such as could do so speculate 
iiisfc^nd of work in the* field. The rush about niarkot house 
is distresHiiig by the time it is light the street is filled 
with persons marketing for the day, for most of them can- 
not buy a week's supply ahead. Com is worth 3 to 3 i, 
Rye $4. Cow Peas 3. fodder 2.75 Shucks 2.00 Lard 40 
Bacon 60 Pork small and poor 40c Eggs 60 Butter 1. etc. 
Now how in the name of God are poor people and even 
those who arc not i>oor are not speculating, to make money 
cnongli to stand these prices, wliich are advancing each day 
— tho season will soon go by when pork Beef potatoes etc. 
will cease to come to market. Then what are people to 
do who have not laid in a supply ahead. I do not think 
tho tenth man of our wealthiest citizens has got a month's 
supply of meat on hand. All are consumers and none 
])ro<lucor8. What are wo (doming to? I shall do my best 
lo grow enough to feed ujy own family, but fear if I suc- 
ceed I shall not be able to enjoy it even if it be not taken 
from me by the poor and starving. I want to know what 
you think of all such things. I think it the most important 
matter for the consideration of the Legislature, but 

Albert improves slowly can ride about in his buggy but JJSw^iJJfttuni"**' 
cannot use his leg. lie moves very well on crutches and 
he is still at Mr. Bingham's school. I received his report 
a few days ago which was as good as I conld desire. All 
the rest of the family well. Carrie and her childrcn are 
at my house. All well. I have put down in salt 4000 lb. 
pork my own make here. It will hurry you to beat it I 
expect. I am building an addition to my house from 
necessity. The Boating is doing just well enough and my 


226 NoBTii Carolina Historigat. Commibbion. 

commission on furniture and other plunder passing through 
by the refugees is good. My houses are by far more crowded 
than in the l)est days of the Republic. Jf 1 live to get 
through this war I must and will quit business and go to 
the fann. I am not At for a counting house. The tiold 
is my place. I hope to get to Raleigh soon. I must go 
to Richmond and collect freight bills, but will not go there 
while there is any prosjKJCt of falling into the hands of 
the enemy. I have not been to Wilmington since I went 
after Albert and find that I have loss time to spare each 
day of my life. I also find what I have always seen 
that the greater part of the professing Christian world are 
tlie cussedest set of hypocritical scoundrels this side of old 
Nick. I think the war does good in this respect — it fully 
<lcvelopH what men are. T shall in a few days got sonio 
good old Rye whiskey will send you a doz. bottles, that you 
may not forgot how it tast<»«. Ho not complain if you find 
it difficult to read and understand my letter. 

Roxana is well and is making her fortune on Shucks 
fodder and Butter. Very little excite[ment] here but all 
feel confident we will have a fight soon at »ou\o. ])o\\\t in the 
State. The oil mill goes by day and niglit and is almost 
as good as a mint only that the money wont jingle and I 
fear it will be as plenty as old Conlincnlal once was. 

Prom D. 0. Worth. 

AViLMiN(rn)N, NT. i\ J any. i^Jf ISiU. 

Relating to en- I havo liocn put to a good deal of trouble this week, but 

forcement of con- ^ ^ * ^ ^ 

script act paid for it, by the enrolling officer in getting my exemp- 

tion papers properly fixed up. The original paper ox- 
oinpting nie merely stafo<l that iny substitnle was 17 years 
old. The officer required me to give bis exact age. Not 
knowing where he was, nor where his ])arents lived, I was 
considerably troubled about it, but T at last found out 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 227 

where his father was and wrote him explaining my situa- 
tion and asked him to go before a magistrate and make 
atKdavit as to his son's age and send it to me. He brought 
it to me himself to-day and by it I reed, a paper exempting 
me four months longer than the original did. I am 
exempt now until the 15th of Nov. next I feel very happy 
ov(»r il. yon uiny well suppose. 1 liad alH)nt <letcriiiiued 
on going to Iloxana's and take charge of her negros but 
I saw that Congress would probably repeal that part of 
the Act exempting owners and agents of 20 negros. I see 
it has now passed the House unanimously. 

Have you given up moving for the present? I under- 
stood a few days ago that you had on acct. of the threatened 
advance of (lie (»neniy. It is the safest plan I think, but 
it looks like there would be but little danger of the enemy's 
rca(*liing Kaleigh. 

We begin to feel pretty safe here from a land attack, 
but I have little confidence in our river defense against 
the Iron Cbids. T so(» in the Jourmd of today that they 
riiavo] experienced pilots foi* our inlets, and that they are 
only awaiting favorable wealher to advance both by land 


and sea. The Iron Clads are of light draft and can easily 
enter either inlet with ordinary water. 

We are almost starved out here. Genl. Whitine: has for condiuons in wii- 


some time l>een in the habit of seizing country produce, 
wagons and carts and employing them in hauling stonC; 
etc. and keej)ing them too as long as he pleased to the great 
indignation of the owners. The consequence is they have 
quit coining to town with produce and we are about to 
starve. The Journal came down on him in a genteel way 
yesterday and to-day he conies out with an order allowing 
them to come and go without molestation. We are about 
to freeze too as well as starve. He has seized all the wood 
flats to be used in obstructing the river; and we can get 
no wood. It is now worth $16. per cord. 

It is getting almost time for us all to leave and stay 

228 NoBTU Carolina Histobicax Commissiov. 

1 am as much pleased as yourself that yon have got 
a House that suits you so welL I wish Ma and the rest 
were with you. We intend making you a visit as soon as 
you get fixed up and rested from the troubles and labors 
of moving. It is a terrible trial and a vast amount of 
trouble and labor and expense to break up branch and root 
and move. I know a good deal about it. 

I will send you a bag of parched pea-nuts next week. 
I am sorry I have neglected it so long. 

We are all well. I would be glad to hear from you 
when you have time to write. 

From J. M. Wodh. 

Wilmington, N. C. Jan. 21th, 6S. 

iVilluwo^ki"^**™ I reed, a dispatch yesterday from Gov. Vance that Genl. 

Smith would furnish subsistance for my teams and for me 
to wait to hear from him. Before I reed the dispatch, 
I had after consulting Genl Whitiiig, ordered such of the 
teams as have to do so at their own exiieuse to go home 
to return when ordered. After getting the dispatch I 
went to see him again and he told me that if there was 
an attack he should forbid any passing the lines. I could 
not get feed and very reluctantly decided there was no 
way but to let them go. I shall hold the State teams and 
the loose hands and shall be able to feed them and will 
have ])n)viHiou made so that if it is ])08Hibl(^ to get Imck T 
can soon do so. J t is just impossible to get along where 
the military have control of every thing. I have made a 
desperate effort to hold out and would have done so if they 
bad left me alone but as soon as they pressed my hands 
every thing gave way and the greatest damage to me is 
the Steam Boat. I was doing well with that. I shall 
write to Gov. Vance the hands will all return at short 
notice. I shall try to get off to Feby. Court. 






Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 229 

To Z. B. Vance. 

Raleigh, Apt Srd 186S. 

Allow me to present the following cases of extreme hard- SSSr^oomSpSo 
ship under the Act of Assembly conscripting free negroes 
to work on fortifications. 

Hiram Ilcnley^ of Randolph, a Quaker of the best stamp, 
infirm and ngod about 70 years, owns a largo and pro- 
ductive farm, lie had 3 free negro men, his only male 
laborers on the farm — to-wit Alex. Scott and two boys 
named Balfour. All are carried off. Labor cannot be 
hired. He proposed a crop of com as large as three could 
cultivate — and has a large crop of wheat and oats grow- 
ing. Cannot some of these be allowed him. If all cannot 
be allowed, and any one can be, ho asks that ho be allowed 
the l)oy Alex. Scott. 

Mrs. Sarah Hale, a widow aged 70, owns one of the most 
fertile farms of Randolph. For many years a free negro 
named Reuben Phillips has managed her farm. He is in 
all roRjM'cts a most exemplary negro— ^has a wife and chil- 
dren — well provided for — 'and makes the farm productive 
io Mrs. TFalo. lie is taken. — 

Daniel Allen, is an infirm man — ^has fits — owns a good 
farm — ^had but one hand — a free negro named Mose. He 
is taken. 

Nathan Winslow owns an excellent and well managed 
farm. Itis only hand excoj)t himself is a free negro named 
Lewis Phillips, who has a wife and childen. 

Rebecca Long, widow, owns one of the best farms in 
the neighborhood and has no help, as I am credibly in- 
formed, except a free negro named Thomas Potter. He 
is taken. 

The foregoing are nil Quakers of the best stamp. 

Relxjcca Pcarce is a widows-owns a good farm. Her 
only laborer — a free negro named Mose, is taken. 

Felix Walker, who has a good farm, and who is work- 
ing at the State Salt works to avoid military service, 
has several children of tender years. His wife has re- 

230 North Cabolina Historical Commission. 

cently become insane and is in the Asylum here. I am 
informed that Lewis Phillips, a free negro and his only 
handy is taken. 

The foregoing facts are within my personal knowledge, 
or derived from sources in which I have im))licit confi- 

Looking to the extreme hardship of the cases and the 
urgent necessity that grain be made, I respectfully petition 
in behalf of the parties that these free negroes be allowed 
to return to their employers. 

To Z. B. Vance. 

Raleigh Apl, S, 186S. 

sSi^oixjratioiw ^^'* S^^ft^'j ^v^lio was appoiutc^l as you will pcM'haps rcc- 
M<£raau(JcW oUect, to coiumand the militia, to arrest the deserters and 
***™' delinquent conscripts of Randolph, !Moore, Chatham and 

Montgomery, upon the recommandation of the delegates of 
those counties endorsed by me, executed the commission 
as I learn from varibus sources with zeal and considerable 
success. lie is a very worthy man, without experience 
and of He divided his men into small squads, 
evidently the j)roper coui*se, as the «lesertera were dispersed 
over a large of country sparsely settled and generally only 
a few acting together. The pi-ovisioning of his men com- 
pelled him to have a team to carry supplies for each 
squad. He advanced the money to buy provisions, hire 
teams, etc. 

Further he found the seizure of the horses of the men 
lying out a most (^^ieiell(; means of bringing lluMn in. lie 
put men on those horses as scouts, who were a very effi- 
cient branch of his command. These horses had to be fed. 
Thev were all returned to the owners, I believe. 

There was doubtless irregularity in some of his proceed- 
ings, but I am certain he did not mean to be tyrannical or 
oppressive. Tf his account was adjusted on the most rigid 
rules of military regnlations ho will sustain a loss of some 
t$500. an amount he cannot conveniently lose. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 231 

1 hope every allowable latitude will be granted to liim 
in tlio auditing of his accounts — and that he will not be 
subjected to military censure for irregularities springing 
from ignorance of military duty. 

[P. S.] — I make this appeal at the instance of the Col- 
onel who is a very modest man. He informs me that under 
an nrdiM* issi^rd bv vou lo \\\v auditor, whi<*h 1m* Inm not 
yet had an opportunity to i)rc'8ent to Mr. IMiillips, he will 
lo.-?e $500. — and he fears he will be subjected to a court 
martial for seizing horses. 

To Z. 13. Vance. 

Raleigh Apl. 6th. 186S. 
At the commencenicnt of the war mv nephew Albert G. Ji"i*!2??'S®U?"'".u 

•■ *■ uonoiA. G.Wortn. 

Worth, son of J. A. Worth of Fayetteville, volunteered with 
Ilia company from Fayetteville — ^was in the Bethel battle — 
Al'l(»r llie disbanding of the JJcthel regt., he volunteered 
for the war, joined one of the companies in Oenl. Petti- 
/i:rew'H brigade, and in ouv of the series of battU's alniut 
Jtichmond (he was first sergeant) all his superior offi- 
cers being wounded or absent) he led the fragment of his 
comi)any into one of the last fights, received a mimie ball 
through his leg below the knee which shattered the front 
bone of his leg, carrying away some two inches of it. 
Nature with the aid of a good surgeon and the nursing of 
a good mother has nearly restored the bone, and he will 
be able shortly to rejoin his Company. He will have to 
join it as a private. He has been brought up in a store 
and assisting his father as the agent of a line of steam 
boats on the Ca|)c Fear. He has always been temperate 
and energetic — of exemplary moral character — and will go 
back to the army with repining. For months it was doubt- 
ful whether he could survive his wound. His mother ap- 
peals to me to find some civil employment for him, which 

232 KoBTH Carolina Histobical Commission. 

would keep him out of the ranks. lie is now capable of 
doing any thing not requiring much walking. He is well 
educated and in all things a gentleman. Can you give 
him any place ? 

IIo would fill in the best manner the position made 
vacant by Mr. Wilson's resignation. If he can prriMire 
a recommendation from the chief men of business in Fay- 
etteville will there be a chance for him t 

He is about 22 years old. 

To Nicholas Williams. 

Baleigh Apl 8th, 186S. 

caroiiim HoJw'iuid ^ ^^^^^ '^^* '*^^^* ^^^^^ ^^ S^'^ bhuiks from tlu5 liihograplioi's 
whSkey.**'"'*'*'' for our N. C. notes fundable 180G nor for the $1. $2. and 

$8. bills. I have reason to expect thein in a few days. 
If I can again see Mr. Boyden I will receive your $1400. 
and let you know as soon as I get the notes. I suppose 
either issue will answer your purpose. Our brokers sell 
them now at 10 per cent premium, but having promised 
you you shall have them at par. In future I shall use 
them only to pay demands on the Treasury. 

Mr. Boyden will tell you the fate of the keg of whiskey 
you sent me. The only safe plan is the one I suggested 
to you — to-wit — ^box it up — direct to me, take receipt of 
the express agent, placing tlic value very high — It will then 
reach me, try it again, sending in this way. T cannot 1x5- 
Vwvi) llio 11. U. will lio.sital() to pay yon llio inarkiil valiu? 
of the keg stolen. If they do, sue them, at any risk as to 
costs. Send it soon, if you can. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 233 

Written between Apl. 16th and 19th, 186S. 

the Confederate debt, that capitalists greatly prefer in- Relating to the 
vestments m otate bonds at 30 per cent premium over Con- finances. ^ 
federate stocks at par. The best remedy Congress has 
Iwcn able to devise for tlie depreciating credit of the Qov- 
('niniont hits \n\m a levy (ax and limiting a period within 
which the present currency shall be fundable. These 
measures will tend to sustain tho currency, but I fear the 
new issue indispensible to carry on the Government, will 
equal the amount withdrawn by funding and the tax. 

As you ask for my opinion confidentially whether I 
would sell land or negroes for Confederate money or bonds, 
1 will give it. 1 would not unless I could use them to 
pay debts, or purchase other property more desirable. T 
r(*gard real estate as far the best investment that can now 
be made, and in your quarter I think negroes far better 
property than the currency or stocks of the Confederate 
Government. You are not at liberty to communicate this 
opinion to any l)ody — It is my duty as Treasurer and my 
wish as citizen U) sustain tho credit of Confederate cur- 
rency by every means I can honorably use; but as you 
ask my opinion as a friend, I give it candidly, but in strict 
confidence. Bead the history of our Continental money 
and of tho French assignats, tho latter resting for red'nnp- 
lion on tho oonfiwatod lands of the nobility and clergy, 
estimated at J of the real estate of France: Or remem- 
ber that encli purchase for the army cost double the pre- 
ceeding one. 

I shall to-morrow communicate to the Govr. my opinion 
that tho money which will ho paid into the State and 
County Treaaurios next Oct., will be uncurrent and worth 
less, unless the Genl Assembly be called and the ordinance 
of the Convention amended, requiring Sheriffs and other 
revenue officers to receive any Confederate Treas. notes. 
The last Act of Congress makes all the issues prior to 

234 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

Deer. 1/02 unfundable after 1 Aug. 18G3. When it ceases 
to be fundable the new issue will be preferred and tho 
old issue become uncurrent and nearly worthless. Every 
body will iind this out by the tinu^ the taxos arc being 
collected and they will be paid in the poorest currency 
which the law coini)el8 the Sheriif to receive. Va. has 
passed a law making only the new issues receivable for 
taxes. We must have a like law, or our Treasury will be 
filled with unavailable currency. 

From Isaac M, Broyles S \Vm, E. Piercy to Z. B, Vance. 

BuRNsviLLK, N. C. ApL 19th 1S03. 

cmuSofSjunty"* We do not wish to trouble you but being somewhat dis- 
satisfied ourselves we address these lines to you not know- 
ing any other source to apply to have as we think a wrong 
corrected, our County Court assembled and elected a 
County Commissioner and proceeded to divide or lay a plan 
for the disbursement of the fmul due this County and in- 
stead of ap])ropriating it (as we bi'lic^ve) eulin^ly to the 
destitute they divided it among all the soldiers' wives and 
children under twelve years of age, which gives a great 
deal of the money into families such as the Kays and many 
others that are as you know independent livers, we do not 
wish you to think that the money is not needed for it is 
going to be very hard to got grain this H))ring» and some 
we fear will suflFer unh^s the money be expended rightly. 
We remain your friends. 

Correspondence of Jonatjian Worth. 235 

To II. IF. Guion. 

Treasury Department. 

Rai*eigh May 5th 186S. 

Three weeks ago by reason of the failure of the Treas- Jj^^ ^ ^***® 
urer of the Con. States, on account of want of funds, 
to ]>ny a durk for nearly $700,000. in favor of this State, 
niv iiKMUiH \yv\v r(»<lneo(l so low that i dceined it neccs- 
rsiy to sell State bonds. The Literary board had bonds 
to the anuMint of nbout $00,000. of the $15,000,000. Con- 
federate loan. With the assent of the board I sold them 
at a premium of some 80 jier cent and agreed to let them 
liave our new G i)er cent bonds at a premiiun of 35 per cent. 
The next day the Con. Treas. paid the draft to this Treas- 
ury. T have mnnaged to get for the fund all but $48,000. 
— without issuing any new l)onds. Would you not like tq 
8ui)ply a part or all of this $48,000. at a premium of 35 
per cent? If so answer immediately. I am trying to 
get them at other points and must not bo considered com- 
niittod if 1 get supplied before I get your answer. 

11m State has no occasion now to raise funds by a sale 
of her bouds or otherwise but I fear this hap[)y condition 
may not be of very long continuance. Whenever I need 
funds I may carry out your suggestion in effect. I sug- 
gested to Judge Ruffin, Prest. of the Comm. of the Sinking 
fund some weeks ago, the expediency of their selling the 
new State bonds they held at the current premium and 
investing in others at par. — I have not fully decided on 
the matter — and the board has not had a meeting since 
I made the suggestion. I think I can sell your State bonds 
for you at a better premium than you can sell them — When 
Ihe Trensury is not selling bonds and I think I shall not 
Imve to sell any, excepting to the sinking fund, for a 
long time, if at all. 

I will apprise you when the blank bonds to be exchanged 
with you shall come to hand. 

236 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

To John M. Worth. 

Baleigh May ISth 1863. 
SSnJofSSt'SOTkB Yonr letter and draft for $10,000. as Salt Comr. arc 

and SUito Treasury. j j .i m i x j. i 

reed and Hie money will be sent today. 

I am surprised at the draft. I had expected from you 
a return of money to the Treasury, rather than a call for 
more. You say it grows out of the "County agents being 
so slow." Salt shovld in no instance he delivered to County 
agents until paid for. This is distinctly provided for in 
the first section of the Salt ordinance. If you have been 
disregarding this provision of the ordinance you should 
at once notify each County Comr. that none will in future 
be delivered but upon payment, as required by the ordi- 
nance, and that none will l)o dolivorod to counties in arrears 
until all arrearages are paid. This is the only chance to 
do equal justice to the whole State. It is the only chance 
for you, in the winding up of your commission, to avoid 
just censure. 

Were I in your place I would not resign till all the 
money drawn by you should be ro-imburscd to the Tix^aa- 
ury, provided Wilmington shall not be taken by the enemy, 
or at least until you have salt enough on hand to balance^ 
your accounts. I would have no trouble with the counties, 
because in self protection, I would require them to observe 
the law. 

The Treasury is in condition to meet your drafts to the 
extent of the appropriation, but it is clear to me that your 
commission ought to have been self-sustaining and return- 
ing money into the Treasury liefoi'c now. 

Other large appropriations, where the purpose of the law 
was that the expenditure should be re-imbursed, are work- 
ing the same way — for instance ^2 million appropriated 
last Deer, to buy com and provisions to be re-sold to the 
counties deficient in subsistence, at prices sufficient to re- 
imburse the expenditure — Not a dollar has been paid back, 
nor has any showing been filed as required by law. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 237 

I am Gudeavoring so to manage my importaut aud respon- 
sible position, as to be able to rcpel, as I have heretofore 
repelled the shafts which malice is always shooting at me. — 
I have introduced important changes into the administra- 
tion of the Treasury which I think are commanding the 
approbation of all fair men, having capacity to nndcr- 
sliiHul ihcMii, aud fcoliug conlideuco in my cnpncity to pei- 
form my duties, am well satisfied with my position. 

1 cannot supply tlie change you desire. I issue all the 
change through the agency of the Banks, and as quick as 
it gets out, it is hoarded — so that it will be im2>ossiblc to 
supply the demand, without creating an nnnccessary State 
debt. You shall have change however — Let me know 
through which of the Wilmington Banks you do your 
busiucsH, and I will give the Bank instructions to supply 
you from tinu^ to time — but not Avith so large a sum as 
$1000. at a time. 

We are all well. I am going to leave here next Friday 
oil a visit to Roxana's — Shall probably stay a week. 

From J. M. Worth. 

Wilmington, N. C. May 16th '63. 

Your lettrr and the money all at hand. I should have Relating to bud- 
been moixj particuhir and explained the necessity. I was 
all the time annoyed to death on acct of a short allowance 
of provisions and I was really alarmed about getting it 
— ^and I sent out agents with directions to buy — and I have 
now at least 20 thousand dollars invested in provisions 
and could not collect fast enough to pay. 1 can't refuse 
to lend tJio Salt when they promise to pay promptly. I am 
to-day in better condition to get along than 1 ever have 
been before. I have 2000 cords of wood cut and paid for 
and plenty of provisions for the next month. I shall have 
all the wood within four miles and by fall, say October. 

238 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

by that time I hope some thing will turn up. If not th^ 
works will have to be moved to some other place. I shall 
try to shy out of that job if I can. Salt advanced to $12. 
ujHHi the oxi)iratiou of the Governor's blockade. The salt 
makers are not reaping any great harvests at that ^ly 
business has been mostly with the Bank of Cape Fear 
which put me in the way to get change. 

To J. J, Jackson, 

Raleigh May 30th 1863. 

caifiiigo?tor^th6 I have seen the Gov. who thought no orders had issuetl 

for calling out the militia. To ]h) ciirlniu I wrnt U> sih» 
the Adgt. Genl. lie is not in the city but his clerk showed 
mo the Genl. order, directing the calling out of the militia 
in every coimty where necessary. The clerk says and 
such is the proper interpretation of the order, that it ia 
discretionary with the Colonel. Tie is only to call out 
such part of his rcgt as he may deem necessary. T pre- 
sume it is now unnox^essary and T feel confident that the 
Col. would be warranted in not calling them out, until 
the crop is laid by, unless there is some urgent and mani- 
fest necessity. T am sure the Govr. and Adgt. Genl. will 
highly approve this course. 

I learn from Colonel Mallett to-day in reply to my 
letter written a month ago, that he is ordered to draw 
the $500. for St(»ad from the Qnartor unister GcmiI. at 
Kichniond — but he says he doesn't know how to get the 
money. T will keep trying. — 

N". C. Bank notes can generally be got from the Brokers 
here at about 60 to 65 per cent premium. 


Correspondence of Jonatuan Worth. 239 

To John M. Worth. 

JtAT^EKiii i]fay SOlh hSOS. 

I heard Col. Malktt* urging upon the Gov. to-day to 
have you furnish a list of Conscripts in your service. The 
Gov. told him he had received a recent letter from you 
in which you said you would very shortly furnish said 
lisl. I iiiHl(»rslood Iho (lov. !.<» say you wvw. oxpcclod 1o 
certify that the names on the list to be furnished, were 
lu^cpasary hands in conducting your operations and to ver- 
ify it by affidavit. 

Col. ]\lallctt said he had been informed you had 
some 100 hands from Kandolph and that he had a letter 
from you in wliidi you said you had but 8. — The Govr. 
said Mint must have boon while Yellow Fever was raging. 

The Govr. is favorably disposed towards you — and / 
think ^lallcft wonld take all your hands, if he could — 
though he professed to want your certificate only to know 
who wore rightfully exempt. 

To Dr. K. /?. JTaywoo(V 

Raleioii May 30th 1863. 

Dr. R. 'M. Gatlin of Montgomery County, passed some Jj<^gy«g''JJ^'^|[j^ 
weeks ago on his way as a conscript to the army of Va. He 
told mo when ho loft here that you had given him some 
pi'ound to hope that you would have him detailed for serv- 
ice in your ITosjntal. He requested me to say to you what 
T know of him and I addressed a letter to you on the 
subject. He writes me from his camp imploring me to 
petition you on the subject. 

* Col. Peter Mallett who had chnrge of conscription in the State, 
and was in cwmnmnd at Camp Holmes. 

' Kdmund Burke Haywood, a noted physician of Kaleig^h, at this 
time Confederate Medical Director for the Department of North Car- 

240 NoBTH Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

I have known him from boyhood. He is entirely self 
educated, his father having been a very poor man. By 
alternating in going to school and teaching he acquired a 
good education — ^studied medicine and took one course 
of lectures, married and connnenced practise some four 
years ago. He has two children and is poor, lie is in- 
dustrious and in moral character has always been exem- 
plary. He is not of a martial character and is miserable 
in Camp. I have no doubt he would be a valuable man 
in a Hospital. He belongs to the 16th Rcgt. 

If you can get him detailed for your Hospital I shall 
be greatly obliged. 

From 8. 0. Worlh. 
Wilmington, N. C. June 11 ih ISGii. 

uSl^iiriho'wM-vice^ I write you to-day to ask you to seo Govr. Vance, and 

ask him for a position in the State Troops soon to be 

I should be satisfied with a company office if I could 
think myself strong enough to endure the fatigue of 
marching but I shall never again l)e able to do this, and I 
therefore wish you to ask him for the appointment of 
Major of Infantry. If he requires it, I can get a recom- 
mendation from Gen. Pettigrew, and can pass the requis- 
ite examination. T ask for this position for two reasons — 
first because I am unable ns you know to march, on ac- 
comit of disenso contractwl during sixtotMi months service. 
8(H!ondly T wish logot a position wh(M'(5 I will bo in aclivo 
service and [I] cannot go into active service unless T have 
the advantage of being mounted. If the Gov. will give 
me the appointment I can furnish the recommendation 
and pass the examination without any trouble. I applied 
to Genl. Pettigrew for a staff office before I learned that 
my exemption was illegal. So that I am not patriotic be- 
cause I am sxihject to conscription — but wish to go into 
service from a sense of duty. 

Correspondence of Jonatilvn Worth. 241 

If you will ilo what you can for mc 1 will thauk you. 
Pa wiys he lum writtou you alrcMuly ou tho subject. I 
would apply to Govr. Vance in person but you know him 
well, and I think your recommendation would be of ser- 
vice to me. 1 regret that 1 have to trouble you so often — 
but will reciprocate the favor most cheerfully if 1 can 
ever do bo. Wrif(» lc> Pa at Asheboro and to mo at this 
phice in njfereiice lo ihe mailer. 

KeuKMuber me very kindly to all the family. Please 
answer at your earliest convenience, and if it should be 
necessary for me to go to Kaleigh — telegraph me care of 
fl. ^r. W. and I will come. 

From D. E. MendetUialL 

Jamestown — llth 6th mo. 1863. 
Since I wrote O. C. Gordon has been twice arrested and in regard to o. c» 


twice (hachargcd. 

I suppose his exemption is now secure. Lt. Anderson 
stays at OreonslK>ro and expressed his regret that the Mili- 
lia ollifers had arrealed Gordon the sei!ond time. 

Gordon will pay for thy services. He is a worthy 
young man. Send me tho bill and I will present it to 
him. T find among my papers a memo, of a note on Sand. 
(Iiristian in thy hands. Has it Ixjcn paid ? If not where 
will 1 find it? 

P. Kidenhour of Rowan is my agent and says he can 
collect it. 

We are as usual — some sick, some well. 

\V. S.] — ^\Vhen the girls come up the conntry send them 
to see me. 


242 North Caboijna Historical Commission. 

From Nere Cox, Seth Cox, Eli Macoiu 

month 17th 1S6S. 
Exemption of There is three in Camp Holmes memboi's of the society 


of Friends and we want thco to come over immediately on 
receiving these lines in order to pay our exemption tax and 
let us go home if thee cannot furnish us with the money 
we want thee to come and see us any how, 
respectfully thy friends 

To Thomas Wehb.'^ 

Ha LEIGH c7ime 75/03. 

bamlfofwhiiskr^ Somctliiiig ovcr a year ago I ordered from Mr. Nick 

Williams a bbl. of whiskey for my own use for and during 
the year to be sent to High Point. I was notified that 
it was sent and sent him my check to pay for it. On ap- 
plication at High Pt. depot a few days afterwards I was 
informed by Mr. Sullivan that the barrel had unaccount- 
ably sprung a leak and every dro]) had leaked out. From 
the facts as given me I could not perceive that any body 
was liable to me, but wrote Mr. Williams that I had lost 
my whiskey. 

He resolved that I should not lose all and be dry for 
the remainder of the war, and started to me on your Road 
about the 1 Apl. last, a half bbl. of whiskey in care of 
Spencer Boyden, of Huntersville Yadkin (^)uufy. On 
Mr. lioyden's arrival here he I old nu» I lie rars were de- 
tained at Durham Station a few hours — and that during 
the detention some person, to him unknoAvn entered the 
car in which were several barrels of whiskey he was bring- 
ing down, as well as the keg Mr. Williams had sent me, 
and stole the keg. I think it was in the night, but am 
not certain as to this. He entertained no doubt that it 

^ The President of the North Carolina Railroad. 


was stolen by some of the R. K. hands. lie said he was 
informed by some of the authorities on the Road that the 
Co. had some regulation by which they claimed not to be 
liable for liquor lost on the Road. It seems strange to 
mc, if you carry liquor at all, that you should not hold 
youi-selves liable for negligence. — 

Thi« is n ninUor whic'Ii toucliod my srimhilUlcs verv 
strongly. Is it true that you carry liquor, with notice to 
holders that you will not be liable for your own negligence ? 
}ilr. Boyden said the car had no lock on it., 

To E. J, Hale and Sons. 

Raleigh July 6/6S. 

I have learned from several mutual friends that you BxpiainiDg certain 
disapproved the circular I addressed to the Sheriffs, and I 
presimie you disapproved in common with every public 
man whoso opinions were committed me, the expediency of 
calling the council. More mature reflection has now 
brought every body here to the conclusion that the call of 
tho Assembly was necessary. The Qovr. and Council were 
imanimous on it. 

You concur most heartily in the views expressed by the 
Govr. on the currency question, and dissent from me of 
my recommendations, which I made with diffidence, and 
so do not refer to another which I make emphatically with- 
out any expression of difBdenca If the Assembly had 
been called in due season, the former would not have been 

I submit whether the Qovr's. message, apart from the 
complimentary reference to the recommendations of my 
eoniniunication would not amount to this; that he con- 
curs with the Council in the expediency of calling the 
Genl. A., exclusively to consider this question, with a 
recommendation that when assembled nothing should be 

244 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

Owing to the Qov.'s unexpected detention at Wilmiug- 
ton we had no conference till the morning the Assembly 
met, — niul waiting for tliis conforcnec my commuuieatioii 
was not prepared till the day liefore tho Assembly met. 
On examining it on Tuesday morning, I undorsUMiil liio 
Qovr. as decidedly approving the recommendation which 
I emphatically pressed, and he expressed no dissent to 
that one which I made with diffidence and he reformed 
the message he had prepared, commending my recommen- 
dations to the consideration of tho A. 

My chief recommendation, made in my comnumication 
for the first time it had ever been suggested by any bo<ly, 
so far as I know or had heard, was unanimously adopted, 
and this measure, if the Assembly had bc^on convened a 
little earlier, would have been a comi)lete remedy. 

The Register refers to the action of the Legislatui^ as 
a rebuke to me. I regard it as an endorsement — and do 
not now hear of a man, excepting the two vile hounds of 
this city, who does not concede the exi>ediency of calling 
the Assembly in order to the adoi)tion of my chief rec- 

1 call your attention to these views, thinking tluit in tho 
consideration of more important matters they may have 
escaped you. 

I would not have you understand that I find any dis- 
satisfaction at your expression of dissent from my minor 
recommendation, oven if the minor one shonld moot your 
disapproval. Tho just pride I have often had occasion to 
fiH^I in llio approval of yiMir tinnrnal has sprnng rroni a 
confidence which I and the public generally have in your 
impartial independence. 

I have been in this, as in many other of my official duties, 
most painfully embarrassed — and whether T have erred 
or not I am satisfied with my course, being tho Ixist course 
according to my judgment. — 

[P. S.] — The relations l)etwcen the Govr. and myself 


arc perfectly cordiul and if we could have had a confer- 
ence, T think there would have been no apparent discrep- 
ancy in our views. 


date for Gongren. 

To Josiah Tw*ner. 

Kaleioh, JtUy 13th, 1863. 

Those who wore in the beginning most ultra in their bMomea'canSi- 
opjwsition to the party justly denominated Destructives, 
are now the most popular all over tlie State, and as you 
were their most determined opponent, I am persuaded you 
would now get a larger vote than any other man in the 
district for a sent in Congress. If you will consent to be 
a candidate I will do what I can for you among my friends. 

TTiiJi^noBO. ' 

To Jesse 0. Ilensliaw. 

Raleigh, July 23d, 1863. 
Iloldon's bold poHition in favor of peace is hailed with inrcgimitoUio 

* , pefico inovomctit 

joy by many, while his political opponents vociferously jnd^J^^^gon of 
demand the suppresson of his paper. 

His position exposes him to great danger in these law- 
less times. If we are ever to have peace somebody must 
breast the storm of Secession hato, and the people must 
sustain the leader who exposes himself to personal peril. 

The Standard has a much larger circulation and wields 
more influence than any other paper in the State. As 
money is no object now, can't you send in 200 new sub- 
scril)ers from 1lnndol[)h. Every one desiring peace can 
contribute something to this end by encouraging and sus- 
taining the only paper which dares advocate it on a plan 
offering any hope of success. 

I still abhor, as I always did, this accursed war, and the 
wicked men, North and South, who inaugurated it. The 

246 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

whole country, at the North and the South, is a great mili- 
tary despotism — Let us not despair, however, of restoring 
civil liberty and making our country a fit place in which 
to leave our children. 

New Sal£m. 

To John M. WoHh. 

Raleigh, July 25th 18 63. 

S*^uatipu ill'sait ^^' letter to Govr. Vance concerning your resignation, 
commisaoner. came to hand this morning. The Govr. was surroimded 

. with military officers making arrangements for the inter- 
ment of Genl. Pettigrew, which took place here at 12 to- 
day — immediately after which tJie Govr. went home and 
has not yet returned to his office. 

I feel sure that he would like to be fortiAed in appoint- 
ing David by some recommendation besides yours and 
mine, which he can certainly give without any trouble. — 
Get Mr. Flanner and another or two of the prominent citi- 
zens to address a letter to the Govr. recommending him as 
a suitable man to fill the place — I doubt whether so suit- 
able a man could be found any where to fill the place. 

You will have seen that Govr. Vance has revoked his 
call for TOGO militia,* in consequence of the call of the 
Prest for conscripts to 46, which takes all the men out 
of whom the 7000 were to be raised. This breaks the plan 
of getting a commission for Shubal. I loani from the 
Adjt. Genl. that the Govr. will appoint all the officers eom- 
])Osing tlio hojno guard out of men n<»t liable^ to conscrip- 
tion. I know no appointment within the gift of the Govr. 
which would meet Shubal's views. I don't see any chance 
for him to escape the rank and file, save the employment 
of a substitute, which I would do at any cost. 

All well 

^ This call was for 7,000 men to serve for six months in North Car- 


To Vavid G. Worth. 

Raleiqji JvJy 26 th 186S. 

I saw Qovr. Vance this morning and he will confer the Relating to his 
appointment on you upon your sending here the testi- saUGommissioner. 
menials of your fitness. He relies fully upon my repre- 
sentation and that of Brother "M. — ^but officially he ought 
lo linv<^ a frsliinoiiial frcMii Home InmIv iAhv.r llinu a nrar 
relative, lie requested mo not to let any body know about 
the vacancy as ho would be besieged with a thousand ap- 
plicants. No one knows it here. I hope it has not been 
made known in Wilmington. Get a letter from two or 
three prominent men in Wilmington and bring or send 
them without delay — and the thing will be a success. If 
it gets out there will be such a flood of applications, backed 
by such influences, that the result may be doubtful. At 
the request of the Qovr. the resignation is still in my 

Busy as I can be settling with Sheriffs. 

To A. 0. Foster. 

Raleigh Aug. 1, 1868. 
« « « « « * * 

Groat dispondeney is seen in every thoughtful man's 
face hereabouts, llolden's peace articles take with nearly 
all classes in this region. The Governor and most of the 
prominent Secessionists differ from him. 

The strength of the army consists of 12 month volun- 
teers. Tlioir term of service will expire next spring. Will 
any monilHU* of Congress bo found to vote for another ex- 
tension of their term of service? This period is not too 
distant to be luideserving of a considerate statesman's at- 

Who is to be your candidate for Congress ? From what 

248 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

I hear lately, Mr. Ashe will not run well unless he shall 
satisfy the people that he actively and earnestly opposes 
many of the lending measures of the last Congress. I 
have no doubt you can be elected if you desire to be. 


To Alfred Brown. 

Ralkkul A'iUf. Isl 180S. 

bSSSSS*SmKl»** ^ ^^^^ ^^^' Moffitt, (High Moffitt's widow) for borrowed 

money between $1800 and $1900. I have on hand much 
more money, (confederate currency) than will pay it. 
She will not take it — and T do not comjilain. I reed. 
Bank n4)te8 of her — but 1 am coniiuiMl lo niy oilicial duties 
so that I can do nothing with my money. I have $2000 
invested in N. C. 8 per cent Iwnds. I would give her these 
bonds and throw in the difference in amt but she knows 
nothing of State bonds and is unwilling to take them. It 
has occurred to me that you might be able to aid me in 
this way. I would give to any body who would take up 
my note or procure my credit on it, twice the amount of 
the debt — or credit, in Confederate currency, new issue. 
Don't you know somebody who would give her a satisfac- 
tory bond in place of mine, or in partial payment of it 
upon these terms ? I will give $2000 in N. C. 8 per cent 
bonds and $400 in Con. Currency new issue, for my note. 

Tf you can aid mo in accomplishing my object, 1 shall 
1)0 very greatly obliged to you. 

I iMjIii'Vo llio Stalo bonds are betlei* tliau uiy uole, — but I 
am getting old and want to feel out of debt before T die. 

In view of the disasters which have of late befallen our 
arms — and the fact the term of service of the best of our 
army — the original 12 month volunteers, will expire next 
Spring, T find numy discreet men who think we could make 
better terms now than we are likely to l>e able to obtain 
hereafter and who urge for peace. An article over the 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 249 

name of "Davidson" * in the last Standard attracts much 

To his daughter. 

Ralkiqii Aug. 3d, 186S. 

The strength of the anny consists in the veterans who FredioUon of end 

, of war. Ideas of 

volnnteorc<l in tlio spring of 1861, who were required to public feeling, 
serve two years longer by tlie Conscript Act. Their term 
will expire next spring. No member of Congress will dare 
require longer service from them and few indeed will vol- 
untarily serve longer. The war must end by that time, 
if f Ikto bo any wisdom in our rulei's — or by our total over- 
throw, or somo other contingency. The masses, North 
and South begin to feel that they have been gaffed and 
put in the ring to kill each other long enough to carry out 
the purposes of the devilish political gamblers who put 
them there. The war can't last much longer. Want of 
subsistence and the returning sanity of our women will 
roiitributr much to Hose it. Tlie "hist dollar and last 
man" men abuse Ilolden's peace articles, but the fact that 
he has the largest and most rapidly increasing circulation 
of any other journal in the State, indicates the current of 
public opinion. 

To Mrs. D. 0. Worth. 

Raleigh Aug. Srd 1868. 

Mio pressure of paramount duties is mv excuse for so Kcinting to itrivato 
Ifiiig poHlpoiiiiig nil nnsw(M* to your bite letter, niul for the 
brevify of this answer. 

I would gladly approve your harsh plan, if it were prac- 
ticable. The agents to Europe were appointed by the 

' The articles mentioned were written bv Lewis Hanes. 

250 NoBTu Oasolina Historical. Commission. 

Govt, last Fall. They have conducted their mission thus 
far to his entire satisfaction. No others are needed. There 
is no chance withiii my knowledge for any one to expatriate 
himself, taking with him his family or property. 

My greatest anxiety for David has been a fear that un- 
due sensitiveness to diseased public opinion, would make 
him voluntarily enter the army, where he is physically un- 
able to perform the services required of a soldier and in 
which service he would probably forfeit his life. I have 
never doubted that in some legitimate way he could l)o kept 
out of the service provided he did not voluntarily enter it. 
I am now rejoiced to believe that there is now no danger 
that a false sense of honor will force him into the army. 

You will have learned that the Govr. has appointed him 
Salt Oomr. in i)laoo of Brothor M. rosi^ied. This appeanul 
to me the most eligible practical scheme of accomplishing 
the object It is an honorable position — ^the more so be- 
cause of the difficulties and responsibilities of the position. 
— It will so fully occupy his thoughts and time, that I hope 
it brings relief to his heart disease, re-produced, I fear, by 
over anxiety and too much leisure to reflect on the horrors 
of this dialK)lical war. As the head of this concern he 
ought [not] to be an overseer of the laborers. He should 
plan the machine and run it by subordinates. I hope it 
will rouse his ambition to make it succeed. 

You fear Wilmington may be taken and with its fall, 
his commission would no longer protect him. In this con- 
tingency he would still be employed for a considerable time 
in settling up the concern and might posHibly liiul some 
other point on the Coast further South to operate — or go 
with his teams and men to Saltville, Va. If none of these 
contingencies shall occur it will be because of the absolute 
conquest of the Country and consequently the end of the 
PradicUon of end- '^^^ Strength of the anny consists in the veterans who 
lug of uio war. volunteered for 12 months in the Spring of 1861, who were 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 251 

rrqnircd to jhtvc two yonrs longer by the Conscript Act. 
Their term will expire next Spring. No member of Con- 
gross will dare rcipiire longer service from them and few 
indeed will voluntarily serve longer. The war must end 
by that time, by negotiation before that time, if there be 
any wisdom in our rulers— or by our total overthrow, or 
s<nno other contingency. The mnsscfl North and South be- 
gin to ferl that lh<7 have been galTed and pnl in the ring 
to kill each other long enongh to carry out the purposes of 
the devilish political gamblers who put them there. The 
war can't last much longer. Want of subsistence and the 
returning sanity of our women will contribute much to 
close it. — The "last dollar and last man" men abuse Hol- 
(hm's ]»eace article, but the fact that he has the largest 
and most rapidly increasing circulation of any other Jour- 
nal in the State, indicates the current of public opinion. 

I have written four times as much as I had time to write. 

Cheer up and hope that Providence has in store for you 
and David and your children the happy year which I am 
sure you deserve. 

I intend to go to Harnett Court. I ought to go to Mont- 
gomery and Kandolph Supr. Courts, to my plantation — to 
Wilmington to help David — I can't do it. Which will be 
omitted I can't now decide. 

To Daniel 0. Fowled 

Raleigh Aug 6/63. 

In the organization of the troops for home defence, I of^SJg"S2«h**°'* 
have understood it to be the purpose of the Govr. to appoint 

> JHiniel (j. Fowle, of Beaufort county. He was a lawyer l)efore 
tlie war and was a Wliig. He entered the army as Lieutenant Colo- 
nel of the Slst N. C. Regiment, but resigned to become Adjutant 
General of the State. He was appointed a Provisional Judge of the 
Superior (^urt in 1865, was elected to the same oiflce by the Legis- 
lature. He became Governor in 1889 and died in office. 

252 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

the officers from the men composing this service. It seems 
to me he will find among them none fit for field ofiicers and 
that he will change this puq>ose, — If so allow mo to rec- 
ommend Noah Rush, of the 63rd Regt for Major or Col. — 
Ho is alK)ut 44 yoara old: was long a Col, of militia — vv- 
signed and raised a Co. of 12 month volunteers — After tlie 
passage of the Conscript Act resigned — and is now liable 
to conscription. He is an upright man : — ^would be highly 
acceptable to the men and from his experience in actual 
service has just pretensions to fitness. Ho served in the 
38th Itegt and says he can procure testimonials as to fit- 
ness for the position from Col. J. Hoke and Col. O. H. 

I suppose the Prest. will excuse from conscription a suffi- 
cient numl)cr, who have scon sorvico, to sujjply officers. 


To Col Nook Rush. 

Raleigh Atuj 6/63. 

ujw"oAwommwi- ^ loarued soon after I saw you, that the Govr. designed 

to appoint the field officers for Iho militia for homo defence, 
from the men liable to this service, but in many instances 
I think he will not find men fit to fill these positions. I 
have presented this view to the Adjt. Genl in a written 
communication and recommended your appointment as 
Major or Col., suggesting that the Preat,, on the applica- 
tion of the Qovr., would probably excuse you from con- 
H(*i'iption, in in'ihv Ihat the inililia for lumie dofcnco mighl 
have the benefit of your experience. 

When the men composing the Regt. shall be organized, 
if you can contrive to get them to ask for your appoint- 
ment, it would greatly strengthen your chances of success. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 253 

To John M. WoHh. 

Ralrioh Aug. 9th 1863. 

From what I can gather of popular feeling over the ReutingtoHoiden 
State, the masses, and many of the best and most intelli- movement, 
gent citizens sympathize with the Standard. His vastly 
incronsing aiibscription list is tho most conclusive ovidoucc. 
The iiifornuitiou froui Iho rank ntui iilo in (lie army is so 
contradictory, invariably taking its color from the sources 
from which it is derived, that I can come to no satisfactory 

I do not regard the Standard to have created this feeling. 
It is merely the escape valve through which the repressed 
strain escapes. I think the torrent is irresistablc and that 
any obstiich* cm|)loye(l to arrest it, will be swept away. 
Those* who iKmmu it likely to do mischief, if I am right in 
fhis view, should direct their eflForts to guiding the storm, 
rather than arresting it. Mere deiumciation of its editor 
only increases the tempest. 

The editor has always understood tho popular mind bet- 
ter than anylnwly else and always keeps uj) the right sail to 
ealch the brii'ze. Jt was so a little more Ihaii a year ago. 
Secession had swept over the State like an* avalanche. He 
had bent before the storm. He went into the Convention — 
voted that the separation was final and the ^'Last man and 
the last dollar" in ])reference to reconstruction. Democ- 
racy, o{ the secesHiou strijie, put her feet on his neck and 
the neck of all others, not of the original parcel, and the 
whole State, so far as her public men may be called the 
State, became submissive vassals of the dominant powers. 
Not a newspaper or public meeting in tlie State thought 
of oppoflilion. Iliilden uuderst<Kxl the unexpressed senti- 
ments of the masses. He put the name of Graham at the 
head of his ])aper»but Gov. Graham would not run. He, 
then, all alone raised the name of Vanca* Public meetings 

1 Mr. Worth makes a mistake here. The first nomination of 
Vance was made by the Fayetteville Obsnver. 


endorsed his nomination. The result of the election both 
as to Gov. and the L^slature was the beginning of a 
Comiter-rcvolution and showed the keen sa^eity of lloldm 
as to the real sentiments of the people. The Gov. and the 
liOgiHlature stood pretty sipuiro ou the Oonsorvativo Phit- 
fonn "The last man and the last dollar" rather than recon- 
struction. Holdcn was himself committed to it, but he be- 
lieved the masses were for reconstruction ; and while he dis- 
avows it as yet^' is slowly shaping his sails for this current. 
It is not yet fonned but he believes the elements are iK»nt 
up, and that the gale in this direction will soon set in and 
blow a tempest. He will be ready to ride on the storm. I 
draw this inference, not from anything he has said, but 
from the fact that his worst enemies who are not stupid, 
accord to him superior imdorstanding, gi'oat sagacity, and 
his demand for peace movements, on any other supposition, 
are absurd. Many who are hirgely intorcstcd in slave proi>- 
erty, besides the masses, are asking themselves whether we 
can much longer maintain the war. Our currency is now 
worth less than 8 cents on the dollar. Our original twelve 
months volunteers, constrained by conscription, now the 
strength of our army, will l)o entitled to tlioir discharge 
next spring. Will Congress dare compel their further ser- 
vice ? Or will they further submit to it ? Many believe, 
among whom is Holden, that we will be vanquished, and 
that now, with a large army in the field and a large peace 
party at the North, anxious for reconstruction, on the basis 
of the present Constitution, protecting our property in 
slavuH, a Ireiily coiiKl 1k) nindo, avoiding Iho oiiiiincipatioii 
and confiscation which must ensue if our arms fail, and 
which is likely to occur at an early day if we should be suc- 
cessful. We think Pres. Davis and his cabinet will accept 
no peace unless forced to do it by the expression of popular 
opinion in and out of the anny. Now I have been a waif 
since the proclamation of Lincoln, in favor, heart and soul 
of my own section, so long as there was no other chance, 


only to figlit, but always believing that peace was practi- 
cable on terms that were honorable and far better for both 
sections than the continuance of the war. 1 am far from 
feeling any hostility to Ilolden, but in great doubt whether 
the plans he is shadowing out, are the best or not, but it is 
unjust and absurd to say Holden is a traitor. And it is 
also impolitic, lie may be mistaken as to the state of pub- 
lii*. opinion. J lis reasoning should bo met by those who 
<li«npprove it, by reason — not denunciation. L have writ- 
l(Mi this long Idler l)ccause I fear that you and Shubal are 
too freely indulging in too bitter epithets against Ilolden. 
Thoy will frustrate your own object, and remembering 
that violent revolutionary passions are now smouldering, 
there is no i)rinciplo of honor or patriotism, which justifies 
you in exposing yourself to personal hazard, unless it be in 
llie emph)yment of means which in your judgment, are 
likely to arrest the evil. Abuse of Holden and those who 
take his paper, in my opinion, will only be adding fuel to 
tlio flame which you wish to extinguish and at the same 
lime exposing you lo worse than useless personal danger. 

Shubal occupies a position of distinguished honor and 
responsibility, requiring the exercise of the highest degree 
of prudence. I shall be delighted if he can get through 
\\\{\\ his duties with success. With you I should prefer a 
position in the ranks of the army as far less hszardous and 
less odious. I have endeavored to impress on him the ne- 
cessity of prudence and fearing that you too partake of his 
impetuosity of feeling, I have hoped that this long letter 
may call your attention to aspects of the subject which you 
may not have duly considered. 

If the enemy shall not be threatening a raid here, I pro- 
pose to be at Asheboro by the mail buggy next Friday week 
on my way to Troy. 

256 NoBTii Cabolina Historical Commission. 

T'o Jesse 0. Henshaw. 

Raleigh Aug. 11th 186S. 

Relating to posi- I have ordered the Standai'd to the i)artic3 nieiitioned. 

tlon of Vance as to ... 

^**«*»*'* Gov. V's position is tliut he snid nothing U'fore his elec- 

tion that Mr. Ilolden and others advocated his election, in- 
sisting that he would press the war with more vigor than 
Johnston — that after his election he was pressed by his 
leading supporters to sustain them by a strong position for 
prosecuting the war, which position he took with apparent, 
approbation of the whole State, and that he cannot with 
honor or consistency, change the position on account of the 
reverses our arms have sustained. You need not fear there 
is any eflFect produced on him by the Hattery of the war 
Democrats or the slightest danger of any coalition between 
him and them. I lo hates Set^ession and its advocates as 
heartily as you or I, but has less horror of war than we 
have. His course is consistent and springs from a high 
sense of honor. It is more consistent than Ilolden's, but 
not so acceptable to the people. The misfortune is that the 
Confederate authorities will not miikv peace on iinicticable 
terms until the people nnike nninifest their purpose, and 
this will not do until the army denumds i)eace. The people 
at home demand peace on almost any terms. 

To Joseph A. ^Vo1^h. 

Ualkumi, Atuf. liilh ISdil. 

Influence and The political elements are in bad fix in this State. The 

ard. ' masses are for peace on any terms. Holden knows this and 

his paper takes like wildfire. . He says his subscription list 
has increased 25 per cent since 17 July, and I do not doubt 
it. The Gov. stands firmly by the position taken by him 
in his inaugural. The split is unfortunate. There is no 


nobler spirit iii H. C thaii Gov. V'b but the masses arc de- 
terjiiiiuHl tlic war shall cease. As soon as this spirit extcuds 
from the people to the army^ the eud will come. 

I believe we shall have a worthless govermneiit if we be- 
come independent, and am for peace on any terms not hu- 
miliating — but have notliiug to say. 

'.rhcrr is no nnin whom I ho ninch ndniirc as Gov. V. but 
his feelings are more pugnacious than mine. I believe 
there is no virtue in the ruling powers, North and South, 
and don't feci like lighting in such a contest. 

2 Jesse G. Ilenshaw. 

Uausiqh Aug. H^ 186S. 

1 hardly know whetlier 1 am in favor of the peace meet- ^SeSfovement 
ings or not On the one hand, it is very certain that the 
President and his advisers will not make jxjacc, if not 
fjirccd into it by the masses and the privates in the army, 
ThcMr cry echoed by ahnost every press is : "Tndependonco, 
or (he last uuui and the last dollar." The North will not 
nniko peace on the basis of Independence. The real ques- 
tion which nobody — not even Holden — ^^vill squarely pre- 
sent is, shall we fight on with certain desolation and im- 
poverishment and probable ultimate defeat ; or make peace 
on the basis of reconstruction ? Nearly every public man — 
every journal, political and religious, and every politician, 
in the fervor of their patriotism, has vociferously declared 
in favor of "the last man and the last dollar" cry. These 
classes cannot Iw consistxjnt unless they still cry war. Many 
l)olieve the mass(*s in their saner hours, never approved the 
war and would rather compromise on the basis of the Con- 
stitution of the U. S. with such additional securities against 
any future rupture as could be agreed on. If there be any 
sense in peace meetings they mean reconstruction. They 



may rather do mischief if they are not so imposing as to 
force the administration to reconstruction. They will be 
impotent and mischievous if the army is still for war to the 
last man and tlio lust dollar. I do not know the sentiment^} 
of the rank and file of the army. 

I am for peace on almost any teiins and fear we shall 
never have it until the Yankees dictate it. Upon the whole 
I would not go into a peace meeting now or advise others 
to go into one, particularly in Randolph — but I have no 
repugnance to thom in other places and see no other clianct; 
to get h» an early end of this wicked war, but by tlio action 
of the masses who have the fighting to do. If an open rup- 
ture occur between Gov. V. and Mr. Ilolden, it will be 
ruinous to us. There ought to be none and I trust there 
will be none. There is no diifcroncc between them that 
justifies a breach. The Governor concedes the right of the 
]>oople to hold meetings and e.xpress their wishes, but lie 
deems such meetings inexpedient and tending to dissatis- 
faction and disorganization in the army and that no hon- 
orable i)eace can be nuule, after we (?ease to ])r(^ent a 
strong military front. The Gov. acts consistently and in 
the eminent ditlicult ))osition he (urnpied, 1 di»nbt whether 
any pilot could manage the cri])pled ship in such a storm 
with more skill. Repress all expressions of dissatisfaction 
against him. He values the extravagant eulogiums of the 
fire-eaters at th6ir worth. They are playing an adroit 
game. They would get uj) dissention In'tween the Gov. 
and Ilolden and then break up the (\>nservative party and 
seize the helm of flovernmeut. 

New Salem. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 259 

To J). li. Ucckerdile.' 

Raleigh Attg !B4/63. 

Yours of the 14tli inst came to hand some clays ago j^Svicc hoir*Sf 
Although I could conceive of plan by which I could have SJ^Ci.*"*"***^ 
yon as you desire, my feelings of regard for you, height- 
ened by the good sense and good taste of your letter, have 
iiiiidr u\o tU*U\y my answer a liltle, U) enabh* mc to consnit 
n friend whose i)osition would enable him to suggest a 
remedy for you, if any exist. After consultation we can 
conceive of no relief for you. I know of no instance of late 
where a soldier, able for duty, has been allowed to be de- 
tailed from the army unless he had some mechanical skill 
in some trade netrssary to provide supplies for the army. 
Kven these, once in the army, are rarely allowed to pursue 
their trades even for the government. 

Alost gladly would J lulvise and aid you, if I knew how 
to do so. 1 have always thought and still think that there 
has been no time, not excepting the present, when peace 
could not bo made, on terms not d^rading, but far better 
for us than a continuance of this desolating war, whatever 
may 1h» its final issui*, but there seems to l>e no hope that 
p(»aeo will Ih) sought by the jircsent authorities on any at- 
tainable terms. God grant that in some way you may be 
allowed in some way to enjoy in peace the comforts of 

Do the rank and file concur in the resolutions of the N. 
i\ officers, lately adopted at Orange C. 11. Va ? 

liiciiMONi), Va. 

To .. 

RALKunr Am/ S7/63 
Mv Dkah (hiovKic 

Yours of the 25th inst. is reed. The new N. C. 68 are 
all of equal value — and you made an excellent trade. It 

1 A member of Co. G, 46th N. 0. Regiment. 

260 NoBTH Oasolina Histo&ioal Commission. 

is nearly impossible to get a State bond at any price. I 
deem your investment about as safe as any thing, excepting 
land and am not sure it is not as good as land. I prefer 
land, of good quality, to any thing we can get, but to have 
as many strings to my bow as possible, I nm dividing my 
investment between lands, cotton and State bonds. I have 
a partial arrangement to buy cotton at 50 cts in Montgom- 
ery County. If I shall be able to get more than I want at 
this price, would you like to take any i If so, how much ? 
Answer to Asheboro. I leave for there to-day and will go 
thence to Montgomery and shall engage all I can get at 
this price with a view to let you have a part if you want it. 
1 can sell it here at 60. 

Your account of the sickness of [word illegible] and 
general sickness in Wilmington is distressing. We are 
all well. 

[P. S.] — If you should wish to buy land you can do it 
to a better advantage with yr State bonds than with cur- 
' rency. I would not sell them. 

To Archibald McLean. 

Raleigh Sep. 10th 186S. 
Account of wreck- I showed YOur letter to the Qovr. who was under the im- 

iiiff of newipaper •' 

office* In Raiefgh. presgion that Mr. Draugham had been appointed Col. — To 

be certain I went to the Adjt Qonl's office, where I leame«^ 
that ho had boon appointo<l. T found tlioro tho Ix^nrnr of 
the memorial, urging iho appoiiiiiiiciil of Cot. MurchiHon. 
He yielded to your suggestion that Draugham should be 
Col. — Mr. Murchison Lieut Col. — and that the Major 
should be from Robeson. 

A Qa. Regt. on their way from Va. South staid here last 
night and mobbed IToldcn's office — Govr. V. arrived in 
time to arrest their proceedings by an address to them — 


At 7 o'clock this morning tlie town bell summoned a crowd 
of citizens who marched to Spelman's office* and broke out 
all the windows, and cast the type into the street, broke 
up his press, etc Qovr. V. was sent for, addressed the 
crowd and prevailed on the desist from further action, 
otherwise I sujipose Syme's* office would have fared like- 
wiwi — T\\vy sopnrntcd noisi^lcssly, oxcopting giving lusty 
cheers for Ilolden. It is said that other liegts. are on the 
way who havo sworn to hang Ilolden. All is quiet now, 
but passion and deep determination are smouldering under 
a calm exterior. I believe a large majority of this com- 
munity will fight for Holden much in preference to fight- 
ing for the Southern Confederacy. 


To A. M. TovUinson. 

Raleigh, Sep. 10th, 186S. 
Lost nicht a rec^iment of Georgia troops, attacked IIol- AccouDtofwpcck- 

^ *=' , , *=* ^ ' , iiig of newspaper 

den's office, scattered his type in the streets, tore up his offices in luieigh. 

lMM)kH, el(!. Tliey were on their way by It. 11. from Va. to 

the South and, it is said, were detained here by their offi- 

ccrs for this purpose. Gov. Vance was sent for by the 

Police and arrested the work by addressing the soldiers. I 

nnderstnnd the press is not broken. The type were scat- 

forwl in the street. Hands are sifting them out of the 

<hi8t. Tho publication of the paper will probably be soon 

resumed. The damage is said to be about $1000. It is 

rumored that many other regiments now on their way have 

sworn to hang Holden. About seven o'clock this morning 

a largo nunilxir of tho citizens of Raleigh assembled at the 

ringing of the town hall l)oll, proceeded to Spelman's 

office, and cast his type into the street, broke his press and 

> The publisher of the StaU JommaL 

* The publishers of the Raleigh ConseruaHvg, which was regarded as 
the organ of the State administration. 

262 NoRTu Carolina Historical Commission. 

completely gutted his office. Gov. V. was again sent for 
and addressed them, remonstrating against mob violence 
and urging the crowd to disperse without further violence. 
They quietly dispersed, cheering lustily for Ilolden as 
they left. All is apparently quiet now, hut violent pas- 
sions are smouldering under a calm exterior, and a spark 
would explode the magazine. No time to say more. Oh 
that wc couhl have peace on almost any terms! 

To Worth and DanieV 

Kaleigu, Sept. 13th 1S6S. 

Relating to private I presume you failed to get the cotton about which you 

wrote me to Aahehovo. 1 would like to know (Contideu- 
tially). The State is authorizing purchases at 60 cts, and 
a few cents more for largo lots, taking the cotton at the 
place of purchase. S. S. J.* went from Troy where we 
could buy none, ^^ Anson and Richmond. Got a little — 
less than I wanted — at 60 cts, I furnishing the rope and 
bagging. It is in tlie seed. 

The principal broker tells me to-day, he is payiug 120 
premium for our new six per cent bonds. You could there- 
fore make 50 per cent on your purchase — but 1 think you 
had better not sell until you see where you can invest — 

T have no decent clothes for tlie winter, excei)ting an 
overcoat. Can you get cloth and trinnnings to make me a 
coat, pants and vest — good bhu*k — and iwcnlfnl trimmings, 
for $;$()() 4>r \v.m'i If so, hny it for nu;. If yow nuTl grt 
the black, any other color, except light gray, will do. I 
want good quality — or none. 

IIow is David coming on with his salt works ? lias he 
made any report as to last month's operations, as required 

> The firm of Worth & Daniel was composed of David G. Worth 
and N. G. Daniel. 

* S. S. Jackson, his son-in-law. 


l)y law ? J3r. Al. neglected this. 1 would comply with the 
law. If nothing definite can be reported, give some brief 
explanation why it cannot be done and some general in- 
formation as to the quantity made, the amount you are 
selling, the future prospects, etc. The Qenl. Assembly 
will meet in Nov. and will be sure to call for these re- 
]Mnt8. If you examine with care the ordinances T sent 
you, you will see th(»o rei)orts arc required. 

The city is (juiet but fire smoulders underneath the ex- Airairs in Raleigh, 
terior. An immense majority of tlie population are more 
anxious to fight for Ilolden than for the Southern Con- 
federacy. The action of the Qovr. is attributed to the 
maiiif(\stations of the citizens here and the resolutions of 
Ihe eommisHiou of army officers at Orange (/ourt House, 
nrommeiiding (Ik* suppression of Ihe Slnii4lar(t by a mob — 
if it ennnot 1k» <lone by law. The Oovr. has acted man- 
fully and courageously in suppressing both mobs. 

Will David take $2000 in N. C. 6 per cent bonds for 
Julia and Woody since they have been in my sei'vice. I 
will give it for them. He must answer looking exclusively 
to his own interest and not consulting my wishes, for in 
fact T had as l<»av(^ have Ihe lM)iids as the negroes. 

To Floyd Jnliatu 

Raleigh Sept. ISlh 1863. 

Your letter dated 27th Aug. and postmarked Sept. 12th Sward the'' 
was received to-day inquiring whether I had written to 
any of my friends to get subscribers to the Standard since 
lis adv«M'aey of peace meelings. 

I answer that in writing to a friend on other business 
some weeks ago, but whether before or since his advocacy 
of peace meetings I do not remember, I did express my 
wish that the circulation of that paper should be extended 
and I think it probable that I asked him to carry out this 

264 NoBTH Cabolota Histoucai. CoMMiasioar. 

▼iew, if he ipproYed it In the geno^l conduct of his 
paper the views of the editor seem more coinciding with 
mine than those of any other paper which I see. As to 
the peace mcetiiigs I have never cnconraged the holding 
of one — but I am in favor of |>eace and of those who have 
the courage to advocate iL I have been a constant reader 
of the Standard both before and since. I approved its 
general tone and have never seen in it any thing of the 
traitorous character whidi its enemies impute to it. I be- 
lieve the puqioscs of the o<litor are patrit>tic — Init T fear 
that the peace and anti-peaee meetings have done no good — 
but probably mischief. In the single instance to which I 
refer in which I asked a friend to e3ctend the circulation 
of the paper, it was done, not at the instance of the editor, 
but l)ciMnise I lioitetl it would do gooil and I now think 
there is no paper in the State which has done so much as 
the Standard, of late, to uphold the principles of civil lib- 
erty : — but I wish it understood that since I came into the 
Treasury I have devoted my attention to the appropriate 
duties, and have avoided participating in the party move- 
ments going on in any way whatever, unless it may be 
deemed an exception that in writing to an old friend I 
encouraged him to increase the subscription list of the 
New Salkm. 

vv %« 

To B. G. Worth. 

liALKUHI Sept. lOlh ISii'L 

w .xxKtt Yr letter of the 13th and one of the same date from 
IVvid apprising me of his improvement, gave me the first 
iK^ioe of his ilhiess. To^lay yours of the 12th came to 


I hovo he coutinues to improve. Anxious as I was on 

v»nc acvH>unt to gi»t for him his prusout i>i>sition, 1 should 


not have souglit it, could I have foreseen that Brother M. 
would leave before he entered on his duties and stay away 
so long. I greatly fear, as you and I always have, the 
closing up of his business and I suppose that one set of 
accounts will be run into the other that they can never 
be distinguished. Shubal's anxiety to avoid employing a 
substihite which ho sooinH to rognrd \\a niib(M*oniing him, 
left him to seek his present position which 1 regard as 
more dangerous and loss honorable than the rank and 
file and Br. M. wisely fears to trust him to carry out his 
imdertaking. When I left Asheboro he had been able to 
got no more men than were sufficient to guard the arms 
and powder — the County was full of deserters and not 
one of the new conscripts had answered the call — and 
nearly every man in the County, from sympathy or ter- 
ror refused to take any steps to arrest the delinquents. Br. 
'M. and I were ardently zealous in our efforts to arrest 
and denounced those not concurring with them, that they 
knew they were exposed to much danger. Their plans 
were to place small squads in ambush on roads frequented 
by the avowed deserters and shoot theni do^vn. They 
HuetHXMled in shooting <lo\vn three of them — two killed — 
one seriously wounded. The men shot were not leaders 
and were shot from ambush, the whole of the militia run- 
ning immediately after they fired. I have not heard what 
effect this had on the other deserters and the community. 
Another part of the plan was to have two or three com- 
panies of regulars sent there. I think they have been 
sent. I hope good results but greatly fear the opposite. 
If the regulars have a prudent and manly commander, 
it may result well — if a rash and silly one, the matter will 
grow worse. 

The enemies of llolden here are almost wild and feel- 
ing is worked up among the community which would 
make it personally hazardous to them to indulge in their 
usual strain of abuse. All is now quiets — the result of 

266 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

Qovr. V.'s heroic and manly efforts, but we stand on a 

I continue to think your last suggestion is very good — 
probably the beat which could be devised — having cause 
to cross the lines — but for the expcnfie which must be con- 
siderable and the difficulty of getting a pass-port for her. 
I hear that our Qovr. will not grant u pass-port. Possibly 
on the recommendation of Oenl. Whiting, if ho "would 
roconniicnd, one might be obtiiin('<l. 

1 have invested all my means in' cotton and cannot join 
you in the investment which 1 suppose would. be as good 
or better than the one I have made. The cotton cost me 
about 53 cuts in Anson and Richmond. 

From M^orth and Daniel. 

Wilmington 2Srd Sept. 1863. 
Plans for iendinflr We wrote vou ou yestcrdav in rotxard to the clothin«:, 

cotton through the , , -^ , - , i . a ^r i- 

blockade. and havo your letter of the 21st this A. M. extending 


If you are not in too much of a hurry, wo would make 
a suggestion which perhaps if you can carry it through 
would be better than any other plan we know of to get the 
clothes and perhaps many other neodod articles. 

Suppose you seo Gov. Vance or the ])n))K'r oiiicial in 
Raloigli and get a permit to ship a Hiiiall lot <if cotton by 
(ho State Sliip (Advancx)). Tlie risk we hanlly regard 
as amounting to anything. She is fast and you can no 
doubt get the permit, even if you have to give one-half the 
proceeds as freight, if the idea meet your approval and 
you can get the permit, we are at your service so far as 
shipping tlie cotton is concerned or any other service con- 
nected with it. The vessel went down some days ago to 
go out. She will be back in two weeks, probably three, 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 267 

ami it iiiny he Mint it will take two niontlis from present 
tiiiie to ship cotton by lior and got a rctnrn. 


Kaijohim. t>('pL JJilk /«S7W. 
CouHiN Job 

1 have jnst recti yours of the 20th. 1 am still dry. ^^J"***^®*®' 
Send me the keg of brandy by Express — I have had such 
villainous luck in losing the article, under pretext of leak- 
age, stealing, etc., that I want you to be careful that it 
is in a good keg — and that tlie bearer to the Express is 
honest. Few have honesty enough thssc times to refrain 
from stealing liquor. The keg had better l)e boxo<l. 

From J. A. Worth. 

Faykttevilt^r Sept. 26 186S. 

I have Ihh'U ho much engaged for sonu? time in fact all ro^'KiiJJJSf.* 
the time, that I hardly know what 1 do, having the Poor 
House crowd to look after and then the balance of the 
poor of the county, it keeps me at work. 

If I can niake out to get through this war without the 
loss of all I have 1 shall be fully satisfied. I make all the 
necessary entries on my books about what you have paid 
out for mo giving you credit for what you paid for 
Hack, etc 

I have bought more of the swamp land in Bladen have 
now over 1100 acres of the best swamp T over looked at. T 
shall spend much of my time there this fall. 1 shall be 
glad to see my papere from the Gov. it would do some of 
the Secessionists [good] to see me in the field. I do not 
have much idea of going as long as I can keep out. I have 
got Albert a good and I think permanent situation at the 

268 NouTii Cauolina ITistobical Commission. 

Arsenal. So much that he has concluded to take a wife. 
It looks like a poor time to do so, but I think it will at 
once settle his mind so that he will not want to go into the 
army again. The girl he proposes to marry is a good and 
worthy girl. 

I have at home now William Stanton completely pros- 
trated with a slow sort of typhoid fever from the swamps 
below Wilmington. I much fear he will not recover. I 
had just got the house clear (Carry and her children hav- 
ing left) which was the first time since the war com- 

I learn that John is sick at Oaks, and should not be sur- 
prised to see him home at any time, but with all these 
things I am still the same and hang on to life and good 
humor nnd just intend to Ix) so. I shall \m glnd to sec all 
the girls down to the wedding, if the horses are taken they 
can come on foot if they take an early start. 

From 8. 8. Jaclcsoiu 

AsHBBORo^ N. C. Oct. Srd 186S. 

Enclosed you will find a letter from J. R. Hargrove 
which came to hand by the last mail. I enclose so you 
can see for yourself. I have written him to buy the 26 
bags and I will let him know in the course of a few days, 
whether I will send the bagging or have it put up in 
Boards. I want you to see l\f r. Dovoroiix the SUtc Agent 
and do8ci'il)o (lie cotton mid find (Mit wliul is (lio iiinxiiiiiiiii 
figure he will give for the lot and write me whether it 
would be well to sell at this present figure, or wait a few 
weeks. I finally succeeded in getting a man to go and 
close up your matter of Lcgrand's but had to give a big 
price for it. I feel very lonesome lioro: Tell Elvira I 
will Avi'ite to her by the next mail, and l)o contented and 
stay her visit out. I hope really that you found Sis Mary 
better when you got home. Love to all. 


P. S. You need say uotliiiig to Mr. George Makepeace 
about the purchases in Anson by Hargrove, for if you do 
he may change his notion and would want me to let him 
have the purchase and thereby cut me out of making the 
profits if there is any in it. 13ut if you should think tliat 
there is no profits in it for me, then if you think proper 
you cnu mention it inid if ho wants it lie can Inive it. 

J. think liowover that I can nmkc something by the trans- 
fer to the State, if not now, I can in a few weeks but 1 
shall cheerfully abide whatever you may think best, after 
having made this inquiry. 

[ linclosure] 
Fivm J. 11. lloA'grove to Sam Jackson, Esqr. 

Wadbsbobo, September 29th/63. 

We made but slow progress in buying Cotton, having 
lK)nght only twenty to thirty bags — at GOc. Dr. Watkins 
refuses to sell at any price. Mr. LeGrand promised to let 
me hear from him. I can buy about 25 bags now in the 
seed — if you will take it put up in boards — or can furnish 
bagging. It is about 4 miles below town — good cotton, in 
one lot if you say take it. Write soon. The State has 
several Agts here in the market. 

From S. S. Jackson, 

AsHBBOBO N. C, Oct. 6th 1863. 

You will oblige by going to Pomcroy's or Turner's Book 
Store and get me a copy of the Pamphlpts containing the 
Writs of Habeas Corpus as decided by our Judge. 

You recollect that I gave out word that 1 was the Agent 
to sell 10,800 yds Sheeting. A man came up this morn- 
ing and wanted to buy the order at $1.Y5 per yard. As 

270 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

Makepeace is buying for the company, oould you get him 
to relieve you partially of the trade if not altogether ! All 

From Worth if? Daniel. 

Wilmington, N. C, Oct. 186S. 
gjjjjtingtopri^te Your Telegram duly received also your letter of the 
"^"* ' 12th. 

While David was in Raleigh, Mr. Wiley told him that 
bonds could be disposed of at $200. This was the occasion 
of our anxiety to sell, I doubted at the time if Mr. Wiley 
understood what Bonds he was speaking of, We have now 
made our arrangement with one of our Banks to supply 
UH with what funds wo winit nud wd hiivc^ (Widod not to 
sell until, the lionds comnionco to decline. The ''Advaiici'" 
is here, the tiiilor who expected cloth by hor is alK>ut. Wo 
can buy a very superior cloth from another party at $110 
per yard. The last auction sale out done all previous sales 
in the way of prices. We think the State Treasurer should 
wear good clotheSj anyhow, so you may 1x3 sure they will 
come. You rrmst have a Sunday suit. 

To Tlws. J. Wilson.'^ 

Balkigh Nov. S/GS. 

I have hoped for peace and had all my old clothes 
patched till they no longer become the Bub. Tr. of N. (\ 
and I can find nothing here to nuiko nt^w oiic*s. 1 want to 
get enough of the best black Salem Jeans to make coat vest 
and pants for myself and two clerks — ^say a piece — at all 
events enough to make suit for myself. 

> Thomas J. Wilson, of Forsyth county, was a lawyer. Tie had 
been a meml)er of the Convention of 1801. In 1874 he was made a 
Judge of the Superior Court, liut was unseated by tlie Supreme Court. 
He was a State Senator in 1870. 


Will you try to get it for me aud have it sent by So. 
Expros8 with aint of hill ? 

1 would write direct to the mauufacturers but do not 
know their present address. 


From 11. (j. Woiih, 

Iayetteville, A\ C. Nov. 18/03. 
1 was down at the liiver ware house yesterday and found a pcwpnni letur 

•^ •' to his brother. 

there to my gratification on your account two barrels of 
Alum Salt sent up perhaps among the last acts of our de- 
parted hr<)th(M'. No bill of it \y\\» sent us I suppose aud 
hence wn one knew he had secured it for you. 1 will send 
it uj) to Asheboro if 1 can possible do so. 1 have not yet 
felt that it was safe to go down, all my friends in Wilming- 
ton advising me not to come. I must go at a very early 
day I think. I go with a heavy heart. 1 had expected 
ihal lime woidd lighten the load of grief, but the thought 
of visiting the scene and localities consecratal as it were 
by nnuiy years of pleasant toil and intimate connnunion 
and finding him gone overcomes me and 1 mentally ask, as 
1 can meet him no more here, Shall we meet again in 
another state of being? The more minute accounts I 
have had of his last hours cheer me and are of the most 
comforting character, lie died with a goo<l ho[)e that he 
was henceforth to rest from his lal)ors and repeating only 
a few nu)nients before he expired these words of the Psalm- 
ist, "Jiless the J^ord oh my soul and all that is within me 
bless his holy name." 

I recrite these particulars because I think they will be 
comforting to you as they surely have been to me. I feel 
and have long felt that we have been a favored family. I 
have often thought that we have lived for each other and 
in each iithei's afTections more than is usual for brothers to 
do and now tliat we have hope that the first one called has 

272 NoBTH Cabolina Historical Commission. 

gone to his rest, how much it ought to stimulate us who 
are left to be ready when our time comes. I do not feel, 
never have felt, that I was myself living a life that would 
justify me in attempting to point out the way to others, 
but rather that I needed to Ik) tauj»ht. Yet T am jKjr- 
* suaded that the lieligion of Christ is not a cunningly de- 
vised fable, but a reality, a most sober and serious reality. 
I have often wished that I could speak to you on the sub- 
ject, but knowing and feeling the power of your superior 
mind and conscious of my own short comings as a profes- 
sor of religion I have not been able to do it I remem- 
bered always too your strict moral integrity and honest ad- 
herence always to the right and this again forbids it. You 
have however long had one loved one gone before, whose is 
wo tvuHt "at rest." Tliis adds another link !<» counoet tin? 
present with the future and the weight of years begin to 
admonish you of the near approach of the event that is 
common to us all. The tliought would be a happy one to 
me that we might live as a band of brothers here and meet 
again an unbroken band in the next. 

I have written under very unfavorable circumstances 
and without connection T have no doubt. I have done so 
with a hope that I might in the midst of many and respon- 
sible duties before you direct your mind for a moment to 
one that will as I think swell into immeasurable greatness 
when we are putting off this life to enter upon a new and 
untried state of being. Would that T could enforce it by 
a more Godly life on my part. 

To David 0. Worth. 

Raleigh, Dec 8th, ^868. 
AdvicoMto I flin so incessently occupied with my duties here that 

neodluM worry. j ^^^^^ ^J^jj^ ^^ ^^y ^ut little tO you. 

I am persuaded you allow yourself to be too much an- 
noyed with your position. It is one of great responsibility 

C0RKE81»01s'DKx\CE OF JoNATllAN WoRTlJ. 273 

and trouble and care — but these seem to be but as a feather 
in the balances weighed against service? in the army. No 
other vwde of escape has occurred to me. If you get a 
substitute you will see that the President recommends that 
principals be put in the army. Tlie villains who work 
the wires of government have no respect for the obligation 
of a contract, or any otlier moral obligation. Under the 
hypocritical prcUxt <)f Ircaly the Trest. proposed to rely 
on Providence to protect us in onr just cause, when it is 
evident to all good men that the Prince of Evil directs the 
operations of both belligerants. So far as I see the naked 
alternative is presented to you, the camp or your present 
position — You realize your present position. Have you 
attentively contrasted the alternatives. For myself I would 
rather you wore in N. York with your family, though it 
would menu the confiscation of all your property, than see 
you in tlic army: — but it is clear to mo that you should 
cheerfully retain your present vexatious position as the 
best choice among evils. You should employ enough su- 
lK)rdinates to free yourself from the details which so dis- 
compose you. I will go to Wilmington and spend a few 
dnys with you nt an (»arly day. — Just now the responsi- 
bility of by far the most important matters pending before 
the Ciloid A. rests on me. I may become exposed, as you 
have been lately and as I have been in the past, to offen- 
sive imputations. I defy these while I can retain my 
conscience. The imputations against you have not [one 
word illegible] belittled you. The Qovr. never believed 
them just — but properly made inquiry and is satisfied not 
only by your explanation, but by an answer from Kidder 
that the imputation sprung from malevolence and that 
your conduct has lieen just what it should be. Do your 
duty and give yourself no concern about the contemptible 
spaniels whose privilege it is to snarl — and when the cares 
of the day are over cast them off and amuse yourself in 


274 KoBTu Cabolina Hibtouical Commission. 

such way as may suit your taste, casting dull care to the 
winds. — 

The Legislature adjourns next Afouday. In great linsto. 

To W. J. Long. 

Raleigh Dec. SH, 1863. 

llSlSMul'woiiiUon Tnimediately on receipt of your letter in relation to 
or the state. })an\. iiaiimu 1 addressed Col. Mallett inclosing your letter 

and asking his attention to Sanson's case. I inclose my 
letter to Col. Mallett, with endorsements received this 
morning. I could not give the matter better attention. 
]\ly official duties, with a little attention to my ))ersoual 
aflFairs, leavir me Kmh leisure llian I (mmiM wish, and I 
am HO fully convinced that there is so litth; of huuuiuity, 
or virtue or sense in all the l)ei)artnu;nts of the (V>n. (Jovl. 
that I have a repugnance to having anything to do witli 
any of them beyond what my official position requires. 
I have much that I would gladly say to you, but have not 
time to write it. If we continue to keep up our State 
Military establishment and clothe our troops, it will not bo 
long before State credit will reach the level of Confederate 
credit. I do not concur in Gov. V's idea that the Ad- 
vance an<1 the uuignificent mercantile operations which ho 
is conducting under our State legislation, is immensely 
gainful — but T Iwlieve if successful and long continued it 
will pnxluee State Imukruptcy. 1 bnse this opinion ou 
reasons 1 have not time to state. The clothin*; estaldish- 
ment has drawn more than 2 million the last fiscal year — 
more than has been reimbursed by sales to the Confeder- 
acy — and this notwithstanding much that has been reim- 
bursed was for goods bought on State credit and imported 
on the Advance. We rais<^ money in Knr<»pe under the 
disadvantages always attaching to a borrower of doubtful 
credit — buy with gold thus obtained and sell what costs 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 275 

us a dollar in gold for four dollars in Confederate cur- 
rency, the four dollars being worth about 20 cents in the 
currency we pay. This is speculation with a vengeance 
and exhibits about as much common sense as has been 
usual for three years past. The Prest. asks with rounded 
tenderness, to be made a military dictator and endorses his 
Rocrohirv's plan of cunvncy, which if carri(Ml otit, is to 
plarc iinirly all l.lio propniji of the land in iho IuuhIs of 
the holders of our worthless currency. The Govt, breaks 
its pledge to the holders of its currency and expects the 
people to l)e such asses as to put faith in its new promises. 

J^oNo's !MlM.S. 

To W. J. Yates.' 

Rat^eigh, Dec. 25th, 18GS. 

The complimentary terms in which you have more than Reiaung to state 
onco noticed my official laI)ors are highly apprcciatc<l by {J^J**'*' **'^™* 
me, since (hey cannot Ik? attribntcd lo any party leaning. 
T know Ihat I have intro<lucc<l in the cxindnct of mv de- 
]mrtinent many iin])or(ant changes, highly l)eneiicial, and 
in all of them have entirely ignored party considerations. 
Vonr manly expressions of appreciation are gratifying 
to me. 

^fuch of the legislation of the State, essentially affecting 
onr Finances, has Ikkui secret. This has crippled my 
ability to make a comprehensive and clear exhibition of 
olir real and prospective condition. The legislation under 
which the Executive has bought the Advance and perhaps 
other shi])8 — by which he is conducting an immense mer- 
canfile operation — bnying, importing and selling, not 
merely clofhing for onr troops and munitions of war but 
sperm oil, tin, licpior and assorted merchandise — the means 
by which he raises specie in Europe by which to make 

' Editor of the Charlotte Dtmocrat. 

276 North Cakolina Histobioal Commission. 

these purchases — at what prices sold and in what media 
paid for — are a sealed book, not only to the public, but to 
the chief financial officer of the State. I only know that 
the drafts on the Treasury ou this account must ultimately 
be immense — and with every possible respect for thi» 
executive, I deem it a most dangerous experiment to add 
to his onerous duties, a trial of his fitness for conducting 
an immense and diversified trade on State capital — espe- 
cially when his agents make no exhibit of their operations. 

This trade, together with our clothing department and 
State military establishments, in my opinion, will' ruin our 
credit, if long continued. They have already added im- 
mensely to our State debt, without contributing, as I 
think, to any important degree to the military success of 
the Confodorncy. — Tn the early stages of tho wair Stato ai<l 
was necessary — ^luit the Confederacy is tho war makin*!: 
power — ^lias long l)oon fnlly organized by the sale* of ]\ov 
cotton bonds in Europe, the detailing of hands for facto- 
ries and then compelling them to supply clothing, shoes, 
hats, arms, etc., at cheap rates together with iniprossmcnt 
tax in kind, etc. The compulsory tax is for clothing our 
troops used. The State, without these means of com- 
missary, can get nothing so cheap as tlie Confederacy and 
consequently is not re-imburscd for hor expenditnres. One 
head can better execute the job than a great number — As 
it is the State enters the market as a competitor of the Con- 
federacy. Tho competition enhances prices without in- 
crease of supply. — I regard it as a Quixotic liberality. — 

Tho flovr. thinks tho wliolcj Hclienie more lliau w?lf- 
sustaining. lie says in his late message that the Genl. 
A. might base an appropriation of two millions on the 
earnings of the Advance. No exhibit has been made show- 
ing whence this vast gain has arisen. He is performing 
his novitiate as a merchant and, as many a new trader, 
evidently forms his connections and commences using the 
supposed profits without taking the trouble of adding up 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth, 277 

long columns of figures, making estimates and deductions 
of expenses, etc. 

The State clothing department was got up under a reso- 
lution of the Genl. A. ratified 20 Sept. 1861, entitled 
'Tlesolution to provide Winter Clothing for the troops." 
The title shows it was intended to be temporary — Winter 
clolhin^. It ninko» no R|MM!ific appropriation for the pur- 
pose — ^JSIo limit is imposed on the amount which may be 
drawn for this purpose. Under this brief resolution, mani- 
festly to sui)ply the mnier clothing, which it was evident 
would soon be indispensible, a gigantic establishment has 
grown up and is continued supplying summer clothing 
and winter clothing — ^At the time it passed officers got 
good pay and clothed themselves. It looked to clothing 
the rank and file. I understand it now supplies all the 
fine clothing, etc., for the officers, and who knows at what 
rates ? It is said the goods are sold at rates re-imbursing 
the Treasury; but no data are furnished me on which this 
opinion is based. It drew from this department during 
the last fiscal year more than half a million more than it 
ro-inibursod — and at tlie same timo had tlio benefit of itn- 
portations by tlie Advance, bought on credit in Europe. 
What it had on hand at the beginning or end of the year 
I have no means of knowing — ^nor have I any means of 
knowing what amount of clothing it may have supplied to 
certain Stato troops, raised east of the Chowan river under 
an Act of the 7th July 18G3. I do not know whether they 
were organized prior to the 30th Sept — the end of the 
fiscal year. Since the 30th Sept. last, some $50,000. more 
has been drawn than has been re-imbursed. 

The Quarter Master's Commissary of the Adgt. Genl. 
Department which had been discontinued by the ordinance 
of the Convention ratified the 27th June 1861 to take 
eflFect the 20th Aug. ensuing, were continued by a resolu- 
tion of the Genl. A. ratified Aug. 21/61. This resolution 
was procured under a representation that some temporary 

278 North Caromna IIistoricat. Commission. 

inconvenience would arise, if they were then discontinued, 
and under this resolution, intended to be temporary only, 
these ostnblislnncnts havo l>oen (U)iitiuuod to this tiuio. — In 
the account of the Trottsury as horctoforo kept, and which 
T was forced to continue for (he past (is(!al year, all the 
drafts in favor of these departments, are charged under the 
general head, "Military appropriation." To show how 
much has been expended under this head and what has 
been reimbursed or received I make a summing up on 
next page, taken from my late report, a copy of which I 
send you : 

Receipts Disbursements 

Oct. 1862 $3,000. $344,457.31 

Nov. 1802 — — 7(J3,742.J)2 1,083,035.25 

Dec. 18(12 0,753.31) 770,025.02 

Jan. 1863 7,230.59 994,451.20 

Feb. 1863 1,090,489.28 1,057,101.25 

Mar. 1863 4,454.67 518,230.84 

Apl. 1803 814,995.37 699,241.74 

May 1863 11,722.41 840,295.19 

June 1863 963,224.49 311,295.58 

.Tuly 1803 15,432.75 481,101.86 

Aug. 1863 1,118,655.47 625,945.29 

Sop. 1863 4,751.77 616,602.00 

Total 5,004,552.71 8,942,749.13 


Kxrc!HH of expcndiliirc 3,*J3S,|IMi. 12 

To whir>h should be a(hled the anit 

reed in Feb which was for ex- 

])enditures made the 1st and 

2nd Quarters of 1802 and not 

collected till 1803 1,290,489.28 


Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 279 

So our military expciitlitiircs, no part of which we have 
a right ever to ho re-imhursed, exceeds five million a year. 

1 have devoted a part of Christmas to writing you this 
long letter, hoping the knowledge of the facts it discloses 
and the views I entertain in relation to the expediency of 
this enormons drain, will so far interest you tliat you may 
ddiii thrni worlhy of disrnssiou in your ]>aprr — l>nt you 
must HO hnudlc Mm'Hi, thai they sliall s(*eui not lo liavc 
1h»ou spet^ially connnunicnted by me, not that there is u 
word which I would not gladly present in official shape, 
to the public, if I could do so with pro])riety. The cxpe- 
dirucy of keeping up these establishments is not a legiti- 
nuite matter for me to discuss as Treasurer. What they 
are costing I intend fully to set forth in my next com- 
munication to the Oenl. Assembly. 1 do not wish to write 
ancuiymously for the ])res8 on this subject, nor to be under- 
stood as voluntarily furnishing means to an e<litor. I 
have expressed all these views frankly and fully to the 
Co\u. on Financo. They are not ]>rrsented to assail any 
ImmIv or any party, for 1 believe every member of the As- 
sembly is equally responsible* for lh(» measures. F think it 
high time (he altention of the Oenl. A. and the public was 
<lirected to them. If vou \vill talk with ^Ir. Brown of 
your ])lace, you will gather all the facts from him — lie 
will tell you what views I urged on the Committee — You 
can say you und(*rstand the facts are so and so — that you 
collect this from the Treas.'s report — You can allude to 
and print the acts, resolutions, etc. to which I refer. You 
may address any inquiry you please to me which I can 
officially answer, and use the answer. If you choose to 
ask me how much has been drawn from the Treasury from 
the lieginning of the clothing establishment and how much 
rcHmburwMl I will answer yr inquiry and you may use 
it as you please. If you ask me how much of the half mil- 
lion aj)i)ropriated in 1802 to buy corn, etc. to be sold to 
County Conirs., has been drawn — and how much re-im- 

280 KoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

bursed — ^I will answer and you may use it, — ^but this com- 
munication I make as a personal and confidential one. 


To A. M. Tomlinson and Sons. 

Raleigh Deer. 26th 186S. 
compiaininfrof The shoes which you made me for my neinro men, which 

ahooa made for his </ o ' 

negrocH. I dcsired to be first rate and which you wrote me you 

thouglit were such, proved to be nearly worthless. The 
pegs took such slight hold in the upper leather that the 
upper separated from the sole leather as soon as they be- 
gan to wear them, and they could not be mended because 
tlio upper did not lap enough on the solo to hold pegs or 
tacks. Yom* Hhoo-iiiiikoi' did you iiijiiHlitru ns well as me — 
and my negroes are the sufferers. I am compelled without 
delay to buy all of them another pair. I believe they wear 
1 pr No. 11, 2 pr. No. 10, 3 pr. No. 9. I do not concur 
in a late editorial in the Standard that it is a shame that 
slaves shall be well cared for while white folks are stinted. 
The white folks are to blame for our troubles. The ne- 
groes are not. I intend to clothe and feed mine so long 
as I can feed and clothe myself — and although my salary 
will not half feed my family I will use other resources. 
Please try to send as before to Daniel Worth's — Oo.'s shops 
and forward bill to me. 

I am now pretty certain that the war will end next 
spring or summer. Congress cannot restore the currency. 
If Monnningor's ])lan should bo adopted it will bankrupt 
t of the people. The people will not submit to the Mili- 
tary Directorship which the Prest. coolly asks may be con- 
ferred on him — ^nor to the villainous scheme of currency 
])roposed. These are evident signs of returning sanity 
among the peopla 

[P. S.] — ^Did you get a pr of shoes to be half-soled and 
an old pr of boots to bo re-footed? 



To Z. B. Vance. 

Raleigu Jan. 5/Q}^. 
I am persuaded that in appointinfi: a successor for Geo. RegardinKap- 

^ * rr o ^ ^ potntmeiu of a 

Davis in the Senate of the Confederate States, it is highly aBnatoi?'*** 
important that the appointee should be a man of Jcnovm 
talent and cool judgment and financial capacity. If Qovr. 
(jniltani Hliould Ix) unwilling to ucc(;])t the temporary ap- 
pointment I think Govr. Swain is the next best appoint- 
ment you can make. — Patriotism would require him to ac- 
cept and I think he would accept — 

I have no right to expect that this voluntary expression 
of my views is deserving of any further consideration 
than you would otherwise give it — I mention the name 
of (Jovr. Swain merely that you may not overlook his name 
in looking round for a fit person to fill the appointment — 
and trust that you will not deem me presumptuous in 
making the suggestion. 

To Joshua Boner. 

IIaleigii Jan. 19/GJIf. 

In reply to your inquiry as to Gov. V.'s present views in praise of got. 
I think the suspicions of many of his ardent friends are 
not well founded. His appointment of Judge Reade to 
fill the i>lace of Mr. Davis in the C. Senate, speaks louder 
than words. I did not hear Judge Reade's speech in 
caucus last month, but hear it was eminently conservative. 

If the people of the State make known their views, in 
unmistakable shape, by petitions, I have no doubt of the 
Governor's co-operation: — but without some such demon- 
stration, we shall continue, I fear, to sink deeper and 
deeper in the gulph of Despotism and Ruin to which our 
rulers arc now hurrying us. 

I have been some days out of my ofiice — and accumu- 
lated duties allow me no time to say more. 



282 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

To A. O. Foster. 

Raleigh Jan. 20th 1864. 

{i?biiSfMSSe°of Having lost sight of k'iiig pciiiiittocl to pay my debt 

to Johnson witli tlie State bond in yonr possession, I htwv 
bonght a tract of huid, in part payment for which 1 wish 
to use the bond. Send it to me by first safe chance :— or 
by Express — and oblige me. — 

Nothing new. A report, credited here a day or two 
ago, that Prest. Davis contcniplate<l the arrest of H.dden 
and Pennington, is not confirmed. It sprung from I). 
K. McHae and a letter from lion. Mr. Davidson, as 1 
understand. The ])nblic mind seems to be about ripe for 
any measure looking to a close of the war on almost any 
tonus. It is likely to result in vigorous measures, if it 
gets any head: — or, if nobody heads i(, to sink into apa- 
thetic d(^S])ond(^uey. The adniinislraliou eau hardly beeouu^ 
more unpopular. 1 fonii these conclusions from what 1 
hear from all parts of the State. 

To J. J. Jacksoii. 

Rai^kiou Jan. 22/GJi. 

pubiii"lc^ro for ^ ^^^ ^^^ w^^^e to A. M. Tomlinsou that " N. C. would 
'^*^*^* go back into the Union," but wrote him what you will 

now SCO in tho i)aper8 that "many parts are for a Con- 
vention to secede from tho Confederacy and negotiate for 
(Mirsi^lves." Public UMH^tings an^ being held and petilions 
are being got uj), as 1 understand, for a new (\>nvention. 
It is part on the ground that the present authorities will 
not negotiate and the people want to know on what terms 
peace can be had. It is now certain that a large portion 
even of those most active in bringing on the war would 
settle on the basis of the Constitution of thi» U. S. If 
it bo true that we can have peace only on conditions such 
as Wendell Phillips proposes — confiscation of property, 


etc., tho (^oiifctlcraoy would gain stvcngHi by certain dis- 
closure of if. Many lM»lic\c that a majority of tlic |kh)[)1o, 
North and Sontli, would end the war on terms honorable 
to both, if they could negotiate — And this class — cer- 
tainly numerous in this State — are for a Convention in 
order to open negotiations to ascertain what we have to 
(Irpeud upnu. None would Mrrde till it hIkhiM Ik' ascer- 
Uiined whether terms would be granted, which should be 

diMMnefl eligible to a conlinuanco of war. 

« « « « « « « 

All well 

To D. 11. Slm^bucL' 

Raleigh Jan. 30/64. 

1 learned some two or three weeks ago from Major Russ, of][*2j[t«con-*^* 
that you and others about your place, were putting on ^cnuon. 
foot a plan to bring about a call of a State Convention, 
and that you proposed to devwnstrate public oi)inion by pe- 
lilious — a much more unmistiikable way, than by public 
nu»eliuga. At his recpiest 1 drew up such a petition as 1 
thought would l)est accomplish the end, a co])y of which 
ho told me he sent to you. I hear nothing on the subject 
lately. Is it abandoned ? If so, I am truly sorry. I think 
there is no place in the State so eligible as yours to put 
the ball in motion — and it seems to me that universal 
bankruptcy and all protection to personal liberty and per- 
sonal security must soon result from the blind rage or 
timorous do-nothingness of those in authority, both in 
the Confederate and State Governments, if the good sense 
of the masses shall find no means of controlling events. 

From extensive means of collecting public opinion I 

> Darius H. Starbuck, of Forsyth county, was a member of the 
Convention of 1861. He was an anti-necession \\h\g in politics, and 
after the war became a Republican. lie was U. S. District Attorney 
from 1805 to 18:0. 

284 NoBTii Cabolina Historicat. Commission. 

think there is no organ that now expresses it. That opin- 
ion is that we ought to accept peace on the basis of re- 
storing tlio Union — and the Constitution of the U. S., 
provided this can be done witliout any infraction of our 
rights under that Constitution. The Standard comes 
nearer expressing public opinion than anj other Journal 
I see, but while it contends for peace, denies being in 
favor of re-construction. It is idle to talk of peace except 
on the basis of a restored Union, and I believe an im- 
mense majority North and South, would gladly proclaim 
a universal amnesty and restore the Union — and that a 
peace on this basis would be as permanent a one as silly 
and devilish man will allow. This, I think, is public 
opinion — but there is no means by which this public opin- 
ion can mako itself manifest The l)cst means is by jx^ 
tition. If public meetings be held the authorities will say 
they are composed only of a few dissntisfiod persons, and 
they will be suppressed by military force or disregarded. 
The proper mode is by petitions to be sent all over the 
State and to be signed by every body, noble and ignoble, 
who has a right to vote and who favors ])eace on the basis 
of re-union. I did not retain a copy of the petition I drew 
up, but think its leading position was that the Legislature 
be convened in order that tho question of Convention or 
no' Convention should be submitted to a vote of the peo- 
ple. In this shape it is unexceptionable, with a limitation 
that its action as to alterations or making peace, would 
have no validity until ratified by a vote of tlio people. It 
rests on the groat ])rinciple of the right of the people? to 
govern themselves and give no colorable ground to our 
opponents to charge us with unpatriotic motives, — the 
great weapon now used to repress free discussion. It does 
not indicate the basis of a peace. I rely on the people to 
elect delegates who will be proper exponents of their views. 
If you would have some four or five thousand printed 
at your office and sent to reliable men in all the counties, 
I think in a very short time they would be returned with 


the signatures of $ of the State — aud in this shape wQuid 
force respect 

1 have expressed myself with perfect frankness — with- 
out reserve — but expect you, whether you concur or not, 
in my views, to use this letter discreetly. 1 am conscious 
of being impelled by as patriotic motives as ever governed 
man but know that it would tend to frustrate a [word il- 
IrtjibU'l motive if 1 shouhl bo forced to vindicule these 
scutiments before the public. Vou will therefore regard 
this letter as con/idenUal. 


To /I. L: Jjamh, 

IIaleioii Feb. 3rd I8O4. 
Yours of the 27th ult. is received askiniic my views on RciaUngtothe 

<3 •' peace movement. 

t5< veral matters as to which 1 would express myself fully 
if y(m were present: but though I am conscious that I love 
my Slate ami desire to promote her prosperity and true 
i;lory as much as any man living, I entertain notions 
wiiiely variant fn»m those who now claim to be the only 
patriots in the land — and 1 deem it unwise to commit 
(hem to writing at this time, unless I had leisure, which 
1 have not, to write a very long letter. 

I concur, and ai least two-thirds of the people at home 
concur, with the editor to whom you refer, with this differ- 
(»nce that they go much further in the same direction, than 
ho does. 

I am by no means well informed as you suppose as to 
the views of your brigade or any other portion of the army. 

It will bo most unfortunate if desertion increases by 
individnal soldiers. So long as a nnijority of the soldiers 
of a State aro willing to stand by their colors, it will be 
best for all to do so. Deserters, by individuals or squads, 
injure themselves and incur more danger than they do 
in the army. The army should act together. 

286 North Carolina IIistobical Commission. 

TJie position of tlie distinguished individual to whom 
you refer, is not clearly known just now : — but I trust he 
will continue to be the friciul and chani])ion of the great 
body of the people of the State. He is an honest and gooil 
hearted man, and if he is in error, it is Wause his judg- 
ment misleads him. 

Petitions are in circulation and, as I hear, being very 
extensively signed with the view of calling a Convention 
to ascertain on what terms peace can be had. 


To D. H. Starbuck. 

Raleigh Feb. J^th 186^. 


to^iheTiwice""^' ^ '"^^^ received yours and a copy of the |K^tition. 1 think 

the fonn I prepared decidedly preferable in two imjmr- 
tant particulars — It makes Peace the prominent motive 
for the call of a Convention — and it contains the grand 
principle that the peace must be such a peace as a majority 
of the people approve. 

I have submitted it to Mr. ITolden. ITe gives a decided 
preference to it — It speaks, too, of a **ijeiicral'* peace, and 
is not subject to tlie denunciation of a desertion by this 
State of the other Southern States. 

If you approve it, as I think you will, and can get it 
published in your paper as one of the forms of petitions 
being circulated, Mr. llolden says he will endorse and 
HMMMiinieiid it in his next, issue. \l will Ik> much iH^tler 
than an original appearance in the Standard. It should 
have an endorsement like yours, for dissentients to sign. 
If it appears in your paper and is republished in the 
Standard with approval, it will give an impetus to the ball. 

I am ])erHinid(Hl that in my oilicial position 1 am render- 
ing essential service to the State, and it would impair my 
ability to be useful, if I was understood as taking an 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 287 

active part in this niovcino.nt. If you adopt the petitiou, 
let it go to the printer in some other handwriting. 

Ihe following is a copy of it — Would it not be well to 
have the Press publish a copy of both petitions ? — as a mat- 
ter of public news showing the nature of the petitions being 
signed ? 

To his Kxcelleney, Z. 11. V^ance, Oovr. of N. (^a. 

We citizens of County, think that "all, save Propcwed form 

. . of petition. 

those who owe their riches to their Country's ruin, suffer 
by the war/' and that it is manifest that the authorities 
of the United States and of the Confederate States, author- 
ised by the power of the Government to make peace, will 
not a])point Conunissioners to open negotiations for this 
purpose. We wish to know whether peace can be obtained 
on hon(»rnble terms; — and as this cannot be ascertained 
through tile regular channels of the Government, we re- 
spectfully petition your Excellency to convoke the Genl. 
Assembly without delay, to the end that they authorise a 
vote of the jieople upon the ipiestion whether a Convention 
ought not to l)e called in this St^ite; and to authorise the 
election of delegal(»s at ihe same time, (such election to 
be valid only in case a majority of the people shall vote 
for a Convention) with power to put on foot measures 
looking to a general peace, and with all the powers with 
which the iKJople can invest it, with the limitations only 
that the power of such Convention shall cease within two 
years after the election of the delegates; — and that any 
action of said Convention, agreeing on a final treaty of 
peace; or altering the Constitution of the State shall not 
be valid until ratified by a vote of the people, at such 
time and under such regtdations as said Convention may 

AVe also pray your Excellency to lay this, our petition, 
before the Genl Assembly. 

February 1864. 


You must not understand that I conceal my opinion on 
this subject — but I ought not to be understood as taking an 
active or prominent part. It must not be undci*8t(X)d that 
I have drawn up a petition. 

[P. S.] — Col. Russ did not send the petition I drew up 
as 1 supposed. I[e heartily approves it. 

Inquiry a 
W. H. Bai 


CoDditlon of 

To John Pool, 

Kaleiqii Feb. 6th 1864. 

„ to I desire^ in the strictest confidence, to make an inquiry 

of you, which it may be unpleasant to you to answer. If 
so, i will not couiphiiu of your silence. 

I learn from one of my daughters that Alajor liagley, 
Senator from Pasquotank and Perquimans, lias asked leave 
to address her. I do not know enough of him to approve 
his suit till I know more about him. My daughter is 
young, intelligent, well educated and every way fitted to 
be the wife of an intelligent, energetic and virtuous hus- 
band. You will treat this as a just description, not spring- 
ing from excess of parental affections. My fortune is not 
large and I have many children, and consequently she can 
receive but a moderate outfit from me. 

Will you favor me, in perfect candor, and in the strictest 
confidence, with the information I ought to have? 

Sober and virtuous habits, intelligence aiul capacity to 
make a living are qualities without which no one is de- 
Hcrviiig of my attproval. 

If you abhor the war in which we are involved as much 
pubiicaffoirs. ^g I do, it is, perhaps, fortunate for your personal comfort 

that you have nothing to do with public affairs; but how- 
ever terrible and chaotic appearances may bo they may 
be made worse by misrule and made better by wise and 
good rulers. For myself I retain my early convictions 
that the government established by our forefathers was 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth:. 289 

admirably adapted to promote the happiness and pros- 
perity of its people, and that none is likely to b3 con- 
structed on its ruins so well calculated to effect these ends : 
I have uniformly believe that no sufficient cause existeil 
to justify the rupture, and so strong were these convictions 
that I would not be a member of the Convention when the 
demand srenicMl to bo universal for a despoliation of tlio 
Hnittn, and I now think, biller as the animosity lias p;rown 
to be, Ihal a Union on the old basis will Ix^ better for both 
sections, than sei)arate independence — and 1 am not sure 
this is not the opinion of a majority of the people of both 
sections. 1 am sure it is the opinion of a majority of the 
people of Norlh (.'arolimi. it is an oi)inion, however, which 
the dominant powers of the Southern Confederacy do- 
nonnee as traitorous — and which subjects the man who 
utters it to the monstrous imputation, of deserving to die 
by the gallows. The free expression of opinion is thus 
restrained. I believe, if a Convention were now called 
in this State, the people would elect delegates who would 
propose a general jiacification on this basis. If it suc- 
e(»eded, it would be a blessing to the whole land and would 
prevent that universal enumeipatiou and the curse of an 
enormous free negro ])opulation making the country unfit 
to live in: — If the North would not make peace on this 
basis, it would produce a unity among us which would 
render us invincible. 

You must regard the whole of this letter as confidential. 
I am eonseioua of being as patriotic as any man who lives. 
Kverv thing dearest to me is in North Carolina: and T 
would be as far as any man from doing any thing which 
would, in my judgment, derogate from her dignity and 
houfU'. 1 would do nothing to weaken our military arm 
until it could l)e ascertained that peace could be made on 
this basis. 



290 North Oabolina Historical Commission. 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleigh Feb. 8/6^. 

Yours of the 4th — ^mailed Uio 6th — cnino to haiul yes- 

The Bk of 0. F.* pays $1. in gold and $4. in Confcilorato 
for every five dollars of her currency. The Bk of N C 
pays $1. gold for every $4. of her currency. No other 
bank^ so far as I have heard, is offering any inducement for 
the holders of its notes to bring them in. The notes of the 
two former banks aro worth about 4-J to 1 — and the latter 
bank — all others S-J Of the notes you gave me to ex- 
change $10. were C. F. all the others on the last mentioned 
class of Banks. I sold the $100. for $350. Confederate — 
I had paid you $300. and to-day send you $50. by Lt. 

It is believed here that the act suspending the Writ of 
Habeas Corpus has ])a8scd. — 

All well.— 

To John M. Worth. 

Ralkhmi Feb. Sth ISOj^. 

Private matters. As requested by your note to Mr. Blair T scut you the 

first installment due to Randolph for families of indigent 
soldiers, taking Blair's recpt on your letter. This is not 
a sufiicient voucher. You will have the draft (which will 
have reached before this), signed and certifieil as directed 
and write your name across it and inclose it by mail and 
I will returu your letter with iilair's rccpt ondortwid. The 
mouey had been placed, for your convenience, in the hands 
of Jesse II. Lindsay Cashr. I will use it another way. 

I think I shall find no time to write you the long letter 
I spoke of in my last^ I will simply refer to what sug- 
gested the idea of writing it. Hiore is nothing in the his- 

' liauk of Cape Fear. 


tory of our family in which each of us has felt so much 
])r]dc aR the imintcrrupted sincere fraternal feeling, which 
from childhood up, has characterised every member of it. 
For a few months back I had been pained to hear of un- 
pleasant bickerings between Sam. and you and Shubal, 
which I had labored to repress, growing out of a difference 
of opinion about the accursed war in which we are involved, 
which if not soon 8l.opj>od will destroy everything worth 
living for. A shade of difference, — perhaps a radical dif- 
IVrence of opinion — was growing up between you and me, 
the result of which was, as I feared, that you began to 
have a kind feeling towards Frank Hoover, Provs,[ ?] and 
others whom you and I once abhorred. Some weeks ago 
All)ort was here. — He detailed in presence of the family, 
numy harsh things — ^%'ery offensive remarks of yours in 
reference to Sam's extortion as a lawyer and his sympathy 
with the peace movements, and your apprehensions that 
I ^va8 not, according to your views, exactly sound. I 
learned afterwards in his (Albert's) meeting with you, he 
was about tolling you some of tlio remarks his disclosures 
had elicited from some of my family — when you stopped 
liini and fold liini von didirt want lo Imir him. This was 
so truly noble and sensible and was so felt to be by all of 
ns, that wo felt rebuked for allowing him to tell us what 
you had said. It crossed out the painful misgivings we 
had iK^guu to entertain that the demon of dissention was 
insinuating himself into our family relations. I say it 
wiped it out — I do not doubt things have been said on 
both sides, which ought not to have been said. I have 
cautioned my family against hearing or saying any thing 
in the future, which could be regarded as unkind. If this 
war must destroy every thing else worth living for, let it 
not mar what has lieen our chief happiness heretofore — 
the genuine brotherhood of the Worths. 

It would l)e more than unprofitable to mention the par- 
ticulars of what has been i-eported as being said. Let it 

292 NouTii Carolina Histobical Commission. 

all be forgotten or understood as never having been ut- 
tered and if we diifcr in opinion about the war, it shouhl 
not bo suffered to grow into a canker (U^stroying the enjoy- 
ments of our domestic relations. 


DisciuKionoftiio r ilo not think AlU'i't's conchu't spruniir from any ha<l 

■ motive, but from thoughtless weakness and 1 have no defi- 
nite idea wherein we differ about the war. I do not agree 
with either the Observer or the Standard. The Observer 
abhors peace on any other basis than Independence and 
scorns tliose who advocate tlio appointment of (/omrs. to 
treat for peace, it being well known that the North will 
not grant it^n this basis. The Standard insists on meas- 
ures looking to peace, but denies being for re-construction. 
I am for peace on the basis of the Constitution of the U. 
S. — but for maintaining the war wifli all possibh* vi^or 
until such peace can 1k) nuide. I believe while we exhibil 
a g(K>d military front such a peace could Ik; nmdc — and 
that it would be more likely to be more durable and to 
protect our rights than peace on the basis of independence. 
Tn this opinion / Inww very many of the most intelligent 
and most virtuous men of the State concur — and / believe 
a majority of tho State and of the IT. S. concur: but ter- 
rorism prevents the avowal of it — and the authorities of 
l)oth governments are unwilling to submit it to a vote 
of the people. The Northern Govt is now a complete !Mili- 
tary Despotism and the Administration at Richmond de- 
sires to make the Confederacy one. — T would therefore 
vote for a Convention in N. (^., not lo withdraw the State 
from the Confe<leracy, but to a]>point Comrs. to ascer- 
tain whether a ])eace can be obtained on the basis of the 
Constitution of the U. S. and if so, to submit it to the 
people to say whether they would accept peace on these 

[P. S.] — T was not at home when T. 11. Foust was here 
some weeks ago. I learned from ^fajor Tiuss that ho de- 
clined to act as Col. of the home militia with B. F. Hoover 


as his (J. M. — 1 was not surprised at this. My astoiiisli- 
iiient was liow ho came by an appointment from Govr. 
Vance, exempting him from conscription. None coulll 
liave been made, as I think, so prejndicial to Govr. Vance 
in Randolph, both on account of the political and social 
]>osition of the ajipointee. On asking the Govr. yesterday 
how he canio \i> make such an appointment, he told me it 
was ii|)oii Ihe recomineii(hition of my '*rehitioii.'' 1 woiihl 
not ask what rehition, fearing that you had signed the 
recfMnmen(hiti(>n. As the Govr. could not remove him, 1 
understand [he] relieved him from duty; and appointed 
one with Avhom Mr. Foust would act: so I suppose he is 
now in the happy condition of being free from conscrip- 
tion; and witliout duty in the militia, if he has the mean- 
n(»ss no! to resign. 

So this has run into a long letter at last. I am not well 
todav — mv hand trembles, etc. 

To ir. J, Lovfj, 

Ealeioii Feb 9/6J/. 

« « # 

It is reported liere I l)elieve that a bill to suspend the suppoaedthat 
AVrit of Ifnhras Cormis has i)assed or will i)ass very soon, corpu^wiiibe 
If HO :| of lh(> Slnl<' will dennnifl a (Nnivenlion. A Inrgt^ 
nnijority of thi» State would vote Convention now, if the 
cpiestion were submitted. 

Long's Mills. 


North Cabouna Histokioal Commission. 

Relallng to Con- 
federate currency 

To Darnel WaHh."^ 

Ralkiqii Feb. 10/ 6^. 

The legislation on the currency in Congress is condncteil 
in secret session, liy accident the bill which has passed 
the Senate got into the hands of an agent I had employed 
in Richmond to collect claims due the State from the Con- 
federacy. Ife says it prescribes that from and after the 
passage of the bill, no currency now out is to be received 
in payment of any public dues — and all of it, not funded 
in 4 per cent bonds, by 1 May next, is no longer to be re- 
ceived for any public dues. The currency is to be supplied 
by a new issue. It may not pass the House. Our mem- 
bers will tell him nothing about it because their pledge 
of secrecy forbid it; but they all advise him not to ro- 
ceive payment of any claim to the State, until after the 
final action of Congress on the subject — showing that they 
expect thbt action to take away the little of vitality now 
in the present currency. I would not have this spoken 
of as it might expose my agent to censure, though he ob- 
tained the information by accident — and broke no confi- 
dence in disclosing it to me. 

Company's Shops. 

RelRting to Con- 
rodenite ciirroiicy 

To David 0. Worth. 

Ealeigh Feb. 11/64. 

I have information in which T have imjdicit confidence 
that the Con. Senate Iuib passed a bill, which if nitilird by 
the House, will make all the present issues of Confederate 
money now out, worthless and uncurrent, from and after 
the ratification, except for funding in 4 per cent bonds. I 
am informed by Mr. Winston, my agent at Richmond, to 
collect claims of the State against the Confederacy, that 
he is emphatically advised by our representatives not to 

> A cousin of Jonathan Worth. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 295 

receive for the State any more money till Congress shall 
have finally acted, which shows their belief that the present 
currency is likely to be very injuriously affected — the last 
spark of vitality extinguished by the action of Congress. 

Knowing that you and Green have recently raised large 
amounts of currency, I communicate this intolligcnce and 
ndvisc you lo have an lilllo as poKsiblo on hand. CJongress 
adjourns next Wednesday — Cleaving little time to do any 

If our land trade is not consimiated or made obligatory 
by writing and such Act pass. Heaves will fly and we 
shall lose all our money. If it is not already closed by 
a deed, no lime slwuld he lost in putting the contract in 
obligatory shape. If the deed cannot be made immediately 
a large part of the money might be paid and the contract 
nMlncod to writing, reciting tliat the residue is to be paid 
in the present issues of Confederate Currency. Show this 
letter to brother B. G. and to no body else. 

All well 

To Oeorge Makepeace. 

Raleigh Feb. 11 /GJ^. 

I have reliable information that the effect of the Cur- Rcinting to con- 
federate currency 

roncy bill which has passed the Con. Senate in secret ses- legislation 
sion, will be, if the House concur in it, to make all tlie 
present currency worthless, except for funding, from and 
after its ratificaiion. And as to the probability of its pass- 
ing the House, I am informed by my agent at Richmond 
to settle and collect claims of the State against the Con- 
federacy, that our members of the House emphatically 
recommend him to receive no more money for the State 
until Congress shall have finally acted, showing their be- 
lief that the last spark of vitality in our present currency 
is likely to be extinguished by the legislation of Congress. — 
The plan proposes new issues for the currency and while 

296 North Cabolina IIistohical Commission. 

an enormous tax is imposed, allows none of it to be paid 
with present currency. The measures offers the holders 
of present currency the altornntivo to fund hy the 1st 
May — or lose it. — Tho (lon^ress adjourns next WchIiics- 
day. I make this communication to you tliat you take 
such course as your judgment approves. 

[The remainder of the page cannot be read.'\ 


To Daniel L. liusselU 

Ralkiou Feb. IGlh 18(H. 
ofTconvcnUoii*" Youi-8 of the lOtli iiist. was ncd by this moniing's mail. 

Tlu» draft for your (\»nntv an well as all the tMher ('Uiui- 
ties for the first installment of the $1,000,000 appropri- 
ated for the benefit of the families of indigent soldiera, 
was sent, directed to your Co. Com. about the 28th ult. 
As I had paid the appropriation last year in 4 equal in- 
stallments — on first Feb., ifay, Aug., and Nov. which 
course, I l)elieve met universal approbation, and as the 
Qenl. A. knowing this did not require the whole to be paid 
at once, and for other urgent reasons, T deemed it expedi- 
ent to continue the same coiirss. I asked the Com. on 
Finance if they deemed it expedient, to direct the whole 
amount paid at once. They seemed to be unanimous that 
it be left to the discretion of tho Treasr. 

I presume the draft is in tlie P. O. at Smithville — Tf 
not, l(tt me know and T will send a dM)»licate. 

Von ask me my private opinion as to tlu» propriety of 
calling a Convention and whether I think it probable that 
the Govr. will call the Assembly before Ifay. — My opinion 

1 Daniel L. Russell, of Brunswick county, was a member of the 
Legislature in 18(54 and in I8(i5. lie was elected a Judge of the Supe- 
rior Court in 18G8. He was a liepublican member of the liegislature 
of 1870. ITo was a mcml>er of the 40th Congress. In 1890 he was 
elected Governor of the State. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 297 

on lM)tli lliodo qucstious may bu partly iiifluoiiced by the 
(iiinl nrfioii of (N»ii<»r(»sa on tlio niilifary bill — flic aiiBpon- 
sion of the Writ of Habeas Corpus and the (,'Urrency bill. 
>^othing definite is known as to the decision of Congress 
on either of these questions. 

It is certain that a very large portion of the people of 
this Slnfe, |)robably a Inrge majority — disai)prove the 
course of Ihe administration — Very many believe that a 
continuance of the war will re.^nlt in universal emancipa- 
tion, and that while we present a formidable military 
front, we could make peace on the basis of the Constitution 
of the U. S. wherel\y we would preserve our slaves, and 
save the fnrther effusion of blood and destruction of every 
thing. Our Govt, irill iwl negotiate on this basis. The 
North will not iiegotiaie on any other. A large nuijority 
of the A'orthern (\mgress and probably a large majority 
of the Northern ])eople woidd make peace on the basis of 
re-nnion, with all our rights ])rotected. I think three- 
fonrths of the jUM^jde of this StJite would vote for peace 
on these terms. In sincerity and truth 1 am willing that 
the voice of a majority of the people shall rule: and as 
the proper authorities will not negotiate for peace and a 
Convention could appoint Comr. and ascertain whether 
some acceptable peace can be obtained, I am in favor of 
the (piestion Convention or no Convention being submitted 
to the petiple as in IStJl — voting for delegates at the same 
time. — I would not have the Qenl A. call a Convention — 
but I would submit it to a vote of the people. — I would 
vote Convention: Not with the view of sececHng from 
the Confederacy, but with the view of seeking to bring 
about a dnwral peace. If it should siureed, miHions of 
hearts would leap with joy: if the enemy should exact 
terms such as Lincoln otTers, or otherwise degrading; then 
we should sternly buckle on our armor and mianimously 
and bravely nuike the war the arbiter. 

These are frankly my views. I know there is a class of 

298 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

politicians who would denounce them disloyal: — and for 
this reason many who concur in them have not the moral 
courage to avow thoir scntiniciits. it. is silly to charge 
uie with disloyalty to niy St4ite. Every thing dear to 
me is in N. C. A very largo part of the property of my- 
self and my children, consists of slaves. I wish to re- 
tain them as slaves, believing it best for them, as well as 
for ma I believe tlic provisions of the Constitution of 
the U. S. a better security to this property, than separate 
Independence; besides I abhor war and would rather sub- 
mit to any thing not degrading, than continue to force 
men to slaughter. 

Besides I believe that a peace on the basis of the Con- 
stitution of the n. S. would be likely to be durable. Men 
would not soon bo willing to plunge again into civil war. 

I deem it impolitic, occupying my position, to take a 
prominent part in political questions. It would iiupair my 
usefulness as Treasurer — and you will therefore consider 
this frank answer to your questions as Confidential. — 

I have no idea that the Qovr. will convene the Genl A. 
before May unless he shall be induced to do so by peti- 
tions generally signed by the people. Popular meetings 
will not influence him, because he can't know who attends 
them : — or unless the legislation of Congress shall make it 


3'o William Brown. 

Kaleigh Feb. 18th 1804. 
informauon u to Yours of the 10th inst. mailed the 16th is just received. 

conscription. ** 

Congress passed an Act some months ago exempting 
from conscription, such State ofliccrs as were then or might 
be thereafter exempt from military duty by the laws of 
the State. At the extra session of our Assembly in Novr. 
last, an act passed declaring certain oflicers of the State, 


among them constables, exempt from military duty. If 
you are a Constable, you are entitled to exemption from 
conscription, unless the new militia bill just passed by Con- 
gress, and not yet published, makes you liable. You will 
probably see this act published in a day or two. 

I have found consolation in all our troubles in the course 
i pursued ns the reprosentlitive of Bandolph. Events 
have proved the correctness of my judgment; and I am 
proud that I had the moral courage (at one time certainly, 
without the approval of any body) to do what I could to 
avoid this accursed war. 



IIaleigh Mar. gnd 186^. 

My old friend 

Mr. Jackson told me when I last saw him that you had sitoation regard- 

• 1 1 • 1 ii T • 1111 r ir l»glIolrtcnand 

|inid linu the ainoimt of n Jittlc nolo 1 hold on Jno. Moon Hi^siandant, 
aiiul iJuil yon wIhIkhI mo to noknowlc<lgc the receipt of the 
inoiH^y. 1 Iicrcby acknowledge it. 

The continual and enormous changes of the currency, 
with the vast amount of money I have to manage leaves 
me no time to write social letters — scarcely time to give 
an occasional tliought to the management of my own prop- 
erty, otherwise you would more frequently hear from me. 

I have time now only to say a few words. I have not 
seen Mr. IToldcn since he suspended the issue of his paper.^ 
He suspended his paper because he had good reason to 
believe that he could no longer publish it with safety to 
liiiiiscif or to his property. It is well understood that all 
editors and judges and other persons occupying prominent 
positions must support the powers that be, or run the 

1 The issue of the Standard was suspended February 24. An 
extra was issued in March to announce his candidacy for governor. 
Kegular publication was resumed in May. 

300 NoBTH Cabolina Hibtobical Commission. 

chance of arrest and imprisonment, without any chance 
of a trial according to law and nntil the executive of the 
Confederacy shall think proper. 

Hoke's brigade were ordered to encamp near this city. 
No one could imagine any otlier motive for it except the 
suppression of the Standard and repressing the growing 
state of public sentiment. 

Our destiny now depends entirely on the military power. 
The army generally has enlisted and it has all the power 
and those out of it can do nothing to bring about peace. 
Nobody can say ought against the administration without 
being accused of treason — and perhaps imprisoned. The 
whole North and South are imder as perfect a military 
Despotism as ever existed in a civilized country, — I am not 
more depri^ssed than 1 was at the be<»inuiiig and shall be 
rejoiced if matters do not grow worse. 

To D. II. Starhuch, 

IIaleigii Mar. 6th I864. 
Opposing ^b- The difficulties which the new cnrrency bill present to 

P^P^^' me as Treas. and the consequent corresiMUulouce and con- 

sideration have so engrossed my time that L have l>een 
unable to give much of my thoughts to your suggestions 
in your letter of the 29th ult as their gravity requires and 
I have time now only to say a few words. 

On your ])roject of getting uj) a i)ni)er [ sliouhl concur 
but for this insuperable difficulty — Willi the Writ of 
Habeas Corpus suspended the editor would be arrested if 
his paper was not a reflex or nearly a reflex Of the views 
of Mr. Davis : — or the paper suppressed by a mob. Judge 
Pearson, as you will have seen, will not be sustained by 
Judges Battle and Manly. 

The army has been wrought up to enthusiasm. Its offi- 
cers almost unanimously are for a military despotism and 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 301 

|Ih» vrfrnum linvr nrqnircNl llio bnbil. of ()l)oilieu(!o to the 
will of tlioir lcMi<lera. Tlic will of tlio army nniat control 
every tiling. If the ballot box be 

[No copy is found of the other sheet,] 

From 1). G. Worth. 

Wilmington, N. C. March 17th 186i. 

1 herewith, enclose drft on J. F. Hatchings, Esq. 
Comity Trustee of Wake for fifteen thousand dollars for 
salt ?(Mit to Thos. Q. Whitaker, Salt Comr. for Wake. 
WhilakcM* writoa mo that he will try and be able to meet 
I he <lft before Int A[)ril. 1 wish you to collect it and for- 
ward ])roceeds in G per cent Confederate Bonds of the 
class which the States are privileged to take under the late 
Currency bill. I wrote you some days ago that a party 
from whom I had purchased a lot of corn refused the 
monev but offered to take these IkhkIs. I want them to 
pay him. 1 wrote Whitaker today that he must without 
fail nu»et this ilft in time for you to fuml liefore 1st April. 
I send it in time so that there may be no mistake in its 
reaching you. 1 have notified him that you will have 
the dft. 

I also enclose School Warrant No. 10. Deer. 18/63 for 
$1720.57 and II. A. Dowd & J. M.'s check Jany 7/04 for 
$1175.20 which please collect and forward to me by ex- 
press. Please forward in bills under $100. 

I have heard nothing from Genl. Beauregard yet. I 
am surprised at the delay and much worried and annoyed 
aI)out it. One man from whom I purchased 1000 bush, 
corn has been notified not to deliver it until I obtain au- 
thority \a> export it. I have written Qeul R myself. We 
are all well. Love to all. 

802 North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

To P. H. Winston, Jr.' 

Baleiqh^ Mar. 28th 186^. 

Difloiwdoiiofthe I tliuiik YOU foi* Your two luto lottci's. The fact i luul 
public attain. lioard boioro and winch you state in yonr last, that solvent 

men are willing to borrow the prc^nt issues, promising 
payment in the new issues a few months hence, proves the 
conviction that the currency is to grow worse ; a result of 
the late currency bill which will be far from surprising 
to me. Its basis, is dishonesty — a foundation on which 
all the liichmond authorities delight to build. Lawson's 
decision adheres to it. The Judiciary is as truckling and 
subservient as legislative bodies. Lincoln and his hosts 
would reduce us to contemptible vassels and our own au- 
thorities seem determined to strip us of every vestige of 
civil liberty — and to reduce us to povL»rty and starvation. 
My maxim is however never to doApnir — and my oflForts 
shall be employed to this end, both individually and otti- 
cially to save what useful fragments I can from the gen- 
eral wreck. There seems to be some manliness left in 
Georgia and good may grow out of it. I think North 
Carolina is losing all spirit and I fear will soon command 
no respect any where, but possibly the inicpiity contem- 
plated in attempting to pay us in the curi-oncy she deems 
most worthless a debt which in equity ought to be at least 
four-fold greater than we claim, may result in our turn- 
ing over our military and our clothing establishments, in- 
cluding our ships to the Confederacy — or a sale of them 
in some other way to replenish our Treasury. If so, it 
will probably save the State from ultimate insolvency and 

^ Patrick H. WiDston, of Bertie, was a member of the I^is'aturea 
of 1850 and 185^. In 1861 he was made a member of the State Court 
of Claims. He was later financial agent of the State in its relations 
with the Confederate government. Tn 1864 he became President of 
the Council of State. lie was a meml^er of the Convention of 1865, 
and opposed the candidacy of W. W. Holden for Governor. He was 
prominent in the movement which resulteil in Jonathan Worth's 


ropii<1intioii. If .lloklcii will withdraw and Qovr. Vance 
will take bold ground, which I believe he would, for the 
rights of the State, the llichinond authorities will respect 
us. If Ilolden remains in the field and Gov. V. to insure 
his election should treat the Destruction with levity, we 
will be despised — and ruined. 

As tlie Qenl A. does not meet until the 3rd Monday of 
May and dongrcaa jnay take some action for the relief of 
the State, I shall await the benefit of intervening develop- 
ments to shape any recommendation to the Genl A. as to 
the ways and means of supplying the Treasury — and shall 
feel greatly obliged to you for any information you can 
give me from time to time, as to the workings of the cur- 
rency act, or any thing else which may let a ray of light 
into the murky darkness with which my position is sur- 

T am. perplexed with some difficulties as to my personal 
affairs, growing out of the tax law, as to which you may 
be able to give me some information. 

T am Prest, of the Cedar Falls Manufacturing Co. — 
Cotton spinning and weaving. Full J of the capital stock 

of this Co. (and T suppose of all like Companies) consists 
of real estate — ^factory buildings, machinery attached, 
dwellings for operatives, store-houses, etc. The 1st Sec. 
taxes real estate 5 per cent on its value in 1860 ''not herein 
after exempted or taxed at a different rate.*' — The 2nd 
See. taxes the shares of stock held in such companies 5 
per cent according to the value of such shares in currency 
at the time of the assessments — ^Again — ^the 1st Sec. taxes 
all the personal property of the corporation — Is the whole 
stock taxed — and then the property in which it is in- 
vestod — tax(Ml again — ? 

I have farms in two contiguous counties — the farms 
being near each oth n*. The tithes for both farms were de- 
livered in one of the counties. Am I required to list these 
lands in the counties in which they are situated ? If so. 

304 NoRTu Carolina Historical Commission. 

I shall have the credit for mj tithes in the county in which 
I paid no tithes. 

The tithes I have paid are worth twice as much as tlie 
taxes Oil I)oth farms. 1 have an estate in another ctnuity 
of considerable vahie on which I made no crt^p hist year 
and expect to make none this year. Am I entitled to any 
credit on amount of my tithes, towards the taxes on the 
last mentioned lands? 

The last mentioned tract of land I [word illegible] is 
in that County. I made no crop on it hist year — shall make 
none this year. The value of the tithes I have paid is 
more than equal to the taxes on all my agricultural estate. 
Can I get any credit for my tithes out of the County in 
which they were entere^l? 

KlClIMONl), Ya. 

To David O. Worth. 

Raleiqh ApL 21st ISOi. 

Yr letter to the Qovr in relation to the conscription of 
your crop]iers, cannot be found. The Govr is out making 
s|K»eclies at Fayrtteville and elsewhcn* — will n4»t Ik» hack 
Iwfore next Honday. His aid, Co], Ihirnes, would act in 
his behalf, if he could find your letter. He wishes you to 
write again immciliately, furnishing the names of the 
hands who have lieen taken with your certificate stating 
that they arc imi)eratively ncnrssary to yimr operations, 
in such terms as you think projier. 

Col Barnes ])roiiiised me that he would address Col. 
Mallett and ask that he will desist. 


To James Russell, 

llAi^noii Apl. SS/6i 

I have not corn here to last me more than 10 days, t SSducTof hi«*^ 
have made every efTort in my power and cannot buy at any '*'**®* 
price for any sort of money or in exchange for any thing 
I have. I have felt sure till my last visit that my farm 
could have supplicMl uic t300 bushels, and therefore did not 
provide while I might have done so. I have tried the fac- 
tories in Randolph since I saw you. I cannot get a bushel. 
I must keep from starving as long as possible. If you are 
called on for my tithes, I wish you to deliver only 50 
bushels till I further direct. I must try to get off by sup- 
plying 50 bushels of wheat after harvest for 50 bu. of 
corn, or pay the pcualty which the government may re- 
quire. In the meantime not another bushel must be paid 
for work or any thing else and you must be as economical 
in the use of it as is consistent with keeping the stock alive 
and the horses in good order.- By cutting shucks, etc., 
and grinding corn and mixing you can save some corn. 

Wlion !Mack returns I want 20 bushels of the com 
ground and let Mr, Jackson take the team and bring it 
here. Let the corn be shelled and ground ready so the 
team may not have to stay and eat after it returns, before 
it can start here. Mack will be back soon after this 
reaches you, if not before. The horses Jackson drives will 
not be sent back to the plantation. 

If you have not measured out the 30 bushels of tithe 
wlieat I wish you to do so without delay — and after taking 
part for your sow and pigs, let me know about how much 
is left. 

Tlie 2000 lbs pork would make 1400 bacon, but say it 

would make 1333 

J )educt for tithes 180 

96 lbs per month for 12 months 1152 


306 North Cabolina Historical Commission. 

There is barely enough to last. It must last. I have 
as many to feed here as at the fann — and had only 1000 
Ihs here. Wliat I Unight at AslielMiro will lie requiriul (<» 
make up defieieiicy Ihtc. I hIiuII dinvl ihat Mack hriii*; 
mo 200 lbs middling from Ashel)oro, for which st*nd nii' 
200 lbs hams by Jackson. He can bring 200 lbs and tlie 
meal from twenty bushels of com. 

Feed the cows no more with meal, unless to keep thcui 
alive. I give up the butter project. 

To ^Y. W. Holden. 

TtALKHJii A pi. 2Si'd ISOJ,. 


All eiKirt lo re(;oii- Dkah Silt: — The kind personal relation existinsi; lK»lwi»en 

clle Vance and ' ° 

Hoiien. Qovr. Vance and myself and between you and myself and 

the firm conviction that a breach between you would l)e 
detrimental to the public good nnule me ho|)e such collision 
would 1)0 avoided, until Gov. Vance's Wilkesboro speech 
was published and you became a candidate; and I have 
still hoped that some means of reconciliation might be 
found, and hence have avoided taking any part in the con- 
test. I presume the immediate cause of your declaring 
yourself a Candidate was the changed tone of the Oovr. in 
that speech on the suspension of the Habeas Corpus — and 
the general drift of the s[X3ech importing to the Convention 
jiarty the purjMwe of H(H;(Nling from llu» (^>nfederaey an<l 
re-constructing. This imputation, so far as applied t(» 
you, or any considerable number of your friends, was not 
warranted by any thing you had said, so far as I know. 
You had a thousand times affirmed the reverse. A very 
small nund)er, until lately, hoped for re-eonstruelion. Y«»u 
have all the time opposed it. — None can now entertain 
this. It is prolmblo you nniy have felt that (]ov. V. htin 
not extended to you the protection you had a right to ex- 


]»oct. If 3'onr infomiatiou [is] that Hoke's Brigade was 
nlmnt to bo stnfioiKxl here with Gov. Vance's approval jnst 
before yon snspended yonr paper, the presninption was a 
probable one that it sprung from hostility to yon. — 

I perceive you publish Stephen's speech with approval. vSce^atmuie. 
I r^ard it as the most statesman-like and conclusive argu- 
nM»nt on nil i\w (mints ho tonohos, which has npponrod 
sinoo lh(» war bognn. 1 perceive by tho editorial of the 
Governor's pa|)or and what I hear from other sources, that 
tlie Governor fully and heartily endorses it, and says his 
softened tone in his Wilkesboro speech was intended to 
soothe an excited community. From what I hear I pre- 
sume he will put himself right on the peace and Habeas 
Corpus quostiouR by the publication of his correspondence 
with tho President and his next message to the Qenl As- 
sembly. If he should do so— -the difference between you 
on the questions of public interest will be narrowed down 
to the Convention question, an issue at present, not war- 
ranting a oontost; and as to any ])or8onal alionntion, I 
trust f lie Governor and you might, by mutual explanations, 
1)0 i-ostorod to your former relations. 

Now I submit to you whether the adoi)tion by the Qovr. 
of Stephen's speech — and his explanation of his softened 
tone on Uaheofs CorjniJf in his Wilkoslwro speech, espc- 
oially if acconii)aniod by the ])ublication of a manly remon- 
stranoo against tho JloJyeas Corpus Act, made to the Presi- 
dent in anticipation of the passage of the Act, would not 
warrant you lii withdrawing your name on the ground of 
his i-ectified position, — I have the highest possible respect 
for your judgment — and especially for your knowledge of 
])ublic o])inion in N. 0. It appears to mc, especially with 
proper oxjilanations of my jwrsonnl grounds of opinion, if 
thoro 1k» any, that there is an opi)ortunity for you to place 
youi'self on higher grounds of personal popularity than 
you ever occupied, at the same time cementing the con- 
servative party and inflicting on your enemies a most fa- 

308 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

tal blow. The Destructionists have disapproved Stephen's 
speech — have justified the suspension of Habeas Corpus — 
and if you and the Govr. were reconciled, would fall the 
flattest that ever party did fall — And your generosity 
would give you a popularity insuring to you any position 
you may desire — I think you might be elected our next 
Govr.y almost by acclamation. At present I r^ard the re- 
sult of the election as dependent on the opening military 

I have had no conference on these views with the Govr. 
or any body else, save a few words with our friend B. F. 
Moore. I beg you to consider them and if there be any 
thing in them meeting your approval : or you can suggest 
any other mode of avoiding a contest which T am |K5r- 
suaded is as unpleasant to you, as it is likely to be dam- 
aging to the success of our great and patriotic party, I 
shall be glad to give my aid in carrying it out — but if 
there be no mode of avoiding the contest, I shall feel un- 
willing, on personal and political considerations, to take 
a decided part in this most unfortunate division. 
Yours very truly and respectfully 

Jonathan Wobth 

I have not made known to any person whatsoever that 
I had it in contemplation to write this letter or in any 
other way to communicate with you on the subject. 

To J. J. Jachsoii, 

Haleigu April 25 ISGI^. 

federal mid on The Yankees made a raid a few days ago on the State 

Salt Works — ^burnt up the tools and houses — damaged the 
steam engine and carried of 47 of the hands. David 
writes that they wore forced oflF. Kuniors that they went 
willingly he says, are without color of foimdation. They 
fired on those who escaped. 



To J. J. Jackson. 

Baleigh^ May SOih, 186Jh 

You will have perceived that the General Assembly has DiacuarfonofN.c. 
adjourned, but such a bill as \Naane illegible'] wishes 
would not pass. It would be unconstitutional and our 
Gen'l Assembly still exhibits some respect for constitution- 

After the publication of Gov. Vance's letters to the 
Prcst. on peace and the Habeas Corpus, I see no cause to 
II.* for continuing in the field, and I think V's friends 
who were becoming alienated, have generally expressed 
their satisfaction. H. had not ten avowed supporters in 
the GonT A. I now think V. will be elected by an in- 
creased majority. Unless you can make up your mind 
decidedly for V., I think you had better not be a candi- 
date. If you find that this will be right and that you can 
carry the county with you, I think the canvass will benefit 
you, and if you have a satisfactory assurance of not losing 
your odicc, I think you had better run. 

If you divide to run I will use my influenco by writing 
to a few of my old friends. If you do not, I shall prob- 
ably remain silent • 

To William A. Oraham. 

Raleigh, June 8th, 1864. 

On 21st Apl. a party of sailors crossed the sound in J®suSfaJ?twoirkf 
boats, burned some of the stables etc. belonging to the ^^ ^®°- whiung. 
State salt works and captured and carried off 47 of the 
hnnds. Afy son T). G. Worth is Salt Commissioner. lie 
writes mo that the damage done amounts to about $10,- 
OOO.Op. 'riio party departed in such haste, fearing an 
attack, that the damage was comparatively small and 

» W. W. Holden. 

* William A. Graham was at this time a Ck)nfedeiate Senator. 

310 NosTH Casouha HnToncAi. CoioaasioH. 

has been repairetL On the next day. Gen. Whiting hail 
a notice served on him in the following words: 

^*Tlie llajor General cotnuiauiling dinvts that the State 
Salt Works will no longer be carrietl on on ^lasonboro 
Sonnd. That if it is necessary for these works to lie car- 
ried on yon will move them to such a point on the Cape 
Fear River as the commanding general may sc^lt^ct- Sigiusl 
by Jas. IL Hill, Major and A. A. G." 

My son communicated this order immediately to G«iV. 
Vance, stating that there was no place on the (^a|>e Fear 
where the works could be carried on with success and con- 
seqnently that obe<lience to the order amounted to an 
abandonment of the works. On the 27th, Apl. the Gov. 
replied, directing him to continue the work where he was, 
and at the t»ime time he wmte to Grn. Wliiliu*^ siskius' 
him by what authority and for what reasim he luul issucnl 
the af«>resaid order. My hchi, sup|MK»ing that he wmdd 
not be interrupted, went on with his work with several flats 
by which he greatly cheapened the expense of getting wood 
and had everything going on harmoniously and success- 
fully, and heard nothing more from Gen. Whiting or the 
Gov. ou the subject till the day U»f«>n» yt^sterday when Gen. 
W. had an order served on him, stating that he had learned 
the works, ordere<l to be sto])]x^d some time ago are still 
ruunins: and notifying him that they must run no longer. 
This order he has sent today to the Gov., Avho is in the 
western part of the State and probably will not receive it 
in some days. 

On going to the Gov's clerk toilay T found a reply from 
Gen. AVhiting, dated 29th, Apl. in which be states as the 
ground of his order that he had goo<l reason to believe 
that many of the salt hands were in correspondence with 
the enemy, that the day's eaj>ture was brouglit alumt by 
them, that with regard to the men euiploycHl at the salt 
works, whose place I think should lie 8upi>lie«l by negroes, 
I have called the attention of the Conscript liureau to 


tlieui. The authority to detail them is, I believe, vested 
in War Uepartment, and by it in the commanding gen- 
eral. 1 do not find that the Gov. returned an answer to • 
the letter, nor did he advise my son further on the sub- 

In Gen. Ws letter of the 22, Apl. apprising the Gov. 
[iw:H jmije illcf/ible] And continue to ]mMluce it at a 
<*ost of hInmiI oik* liair IIm' iiiark(*t \)vm\ Then* are a hirge 
number of mules, wagons, etc belonging to the State. 
Tliose near the coast having been used up, individuals will 
not hazard the expense of making flats and little salt is 
now made by individual enterprise. 

If the old works shall not be captured and should pro- 
duce enough, it could not be distributed for want of trans- 
portation. The works can l)e immediately closed and re- 
imburse all the money the State has advanced and has 
supplied salt at prices saving $600,000.00 to customers. 

I know not what my son will do but suppose he will de- 
cline to remove the works until the Gov. can be heard 
from, and in the meantime nuiy be put under military 

WheMier yon can do anything to arrest this liigh-lianded 
proceeding I know not, but I have thought it expedient to 
inform you of the facts. 

I am more beset with the difficulties of manacling the 
Treasury than I ever have been; and considering the 
cares and responsibilities of my position and that my sal- 
ary will not supply a half bushel of corn per day, I do not 
feel over comfortable. 

Richmond, Va. 

312 NoBTH Oabouna Hibtobioal Commission. 

To David G. Worth. 

Ralbioh^ Jime 8th, 186J^. 
ReiaUngto doidng Qqv. Vance is in the western part of the State and your 

of State salt works. ^ ^ *^^ i /-^ i 

communication may not reach him for some days. Col. 
Little says he has sent a tel^ram to him, apprising him 
of Gen. Whiting^s order. You ought not to obey the 
order till you hear from the Gov., and you ought respect- 
fully to insist on the Gen. that, as you are a State officer, 
that he ought not to require you to break up a great State 
work, until you havo the sanction of the Gov. If he in- 
sist upon immediate obedience before you can hear from 
the Gov., respectfully decline to obey and let him put 
you and your men under guard, if he thinks proper. Keep 
cool I — And request him to bring the proof of any tamper- 
ing with the enemy by any of your men, and if anch pnM>f 
be made, turn them over. 

I will write you more fully tomorrow. All well. 

If you disband before you hear from the Gov. you will 
be censured. 

To C. R. Thomas.' 

Raleigh^ June 10/64. 

Relating to report I understood, and believe I saw in the papers, that the 
commissioDer. report of the State Salt Comr was ordered to be printed 

by the Senate, and learn from the State printer that it 
was sent down to him to be printed and the ty{)e partly 
set up, when it was withdrawn and not afterwards returnotl 
to him. It contains important fact^ in relation to tlics^ 
works, which Genl Whiting is endeavoring to break up — 
if he has not broken them up. 

^ Charles R. Thomas, of Carteret, was a Whig: member of the Con- 
vention of 1861. In 1864 he was elected Secretory of SUte. After 
the war he was President of the Atlantic and North Carolina Kail- 
road. In 1868, as a Republican, he was elected a Judge of the Supe- 
rior Court. He was electoii to Congress ia l870 and again In 1872. 
After 1876 he was a Democrat. 



I prcRuino the (l<K.Mniicnt wns witlKlrnwn by the Com. to 
^hich it was referred — and by oversight not returned to 
tlio PrinfiOr. Can you not get it into his hands? If 
placed in his hands it should be done without delay. 


To V. G. WoHh. 

Ralsioh, Jvne 10/64. 
I feel much solicitude as to the progress of Qenl Whit- ReiatinirtoaflMra 

*^ ^ lit the State aalt • 

ing's high handed course. I think of no further suggestion works, 
that I can make but will send you copies of Genl Whiting's 
letters to the Govr^ so far as I can find them. From one 
of the copies, you will see tliat he refers to a letter of the 
22nd Apl. This is not recorded, as the others are, in the 
Govr's letter book and his clerk says he has not seen it. 

If Whiting breaks up the works it will raise a storm 
throughout the State. I cannot suppose that the Gbvr will 
yuAi] to his domnnd, l)ccau8o such yielding would bring a 
Hlorni on him. It is his duty to see the laws executed. The 
pretext that the disloyalty of many of your hands endan- 
gcra the safety of Wilmington, and therefore warrants 
him in breaking up a State work, will not do. With the 
Writ of Habeas Corpus suspended and the interpretation 
put on the Act by the Prest., Genl W. can order the ar- 
rest of any lH)dy whom he suspects, without any oath as 
to probable cause. He can stop the work by arresting all — 
or cripple it by arresting in part. Let him have those 
arrested whom he suspects, and if be can show that there 
has been any complicity by any of them with the enemy 
or any communication with the enemy or any other con- 
duct inconsistent with their allegiance to the State or the 
Confederacy, they would be properly detained — and you 
would not retain any to whom just grounds of suspicion 
shoidd attach. 

I regard Genl AV.'s order as a great injury and insult 



to the State and that you ought not to yield obedience to 
it till the Govr shall be heard from, even if you are put 
under arrest. 

If the Govr should yield, still he has no jiower to re- 
move you and there would be much for you to do for sonic 
months to come in winding up the business and making 
what salt you can <m the River. 

If the Uovr should yield to let him take such part of 
your hands as he may choose as conscripts, (a supi)osition 
not at all prohablo) still you would have a riglir and it 
would l)e your <luty to impress free ni*gn»es and hire 
slaves and do all you can until the Genl Asseuddy may 
act. The Govr. has no jNiwer over the Salt Works, lie* 
can't order them discontinued. His sole duty is to s(h) 
the law ex(K;uted. So in c(»ntinuing to i*xocute your duty 
as well as you can, you will sustain your own dignity, au<l 
deserve the re:i|KHrt of the State. If the failure of llu* 
Govr to do his duty shall cause you to resign in disgust, 
the vacancy would have to be filled and would probably be 
filled by some tool of Genl W. and in a very short time 
you would be in the ranks of the army and mortified and 
<lerided for deserting an honorable and res|M>nsible duty 
to the State. Keep cool, therefore, and act prudently 
and all will round up right. 

I have written to Govr. Graham, giving him a full ac- 
count of the matter. 

AVe are all tolerably well. 

[P. S.] — It is remarkable that the Govr did not an- 
swer Genl W's letter of the 22nd or 2!)lli ami never re- 
ferred to either of them in any of my interview % with him. 

I have obtained these copies from the Govr's letter book. 
It is barely possible that he may consider the corresjwnd- 
enee confidential. I communicate these only for your 
personal information. 



Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 316 

To Z. B. Vance. 

Raleigh June SOlh 1864. 
As your attention is necessarily distracted by innunicr- Relating to dosing 

* . . of state salt workB. 

able cases, allow nie to submit my views as to the Salt 
Avorks — briefly and in writing because you are continually 
so surrounded with Company that I can see no other fit 
uhmIo of ddiiifr it. If you deem thein of any importance 
I will confer with you, if you desire it, at any time which 
in«y suit you. 

The Salt works are in operation under an ordinance of 
the Convention which contemplated the continuance of 
this operation so long as the war and the blockade con- 
tinue. It was well known that slave labor or other labor 
could not 1)0 had to carry on the work, and produce salt 
at i)rices in reach of the poor, except by the inducement 
of military exemption. The Convention therefore ex- 
empted them. 

The $100,000 appropriated for this object has all been 
drawn and salt has been made and distributed at prices, 
Having to the people over $000,000, and the works can go 
on at tlieir present lrH*ation without further aid from the 
Treasury, if the hands are not enlisted. There are some 
two hundred of them employed in cutting wood, trans- 
porting it and the salt, procuring and transporting sup- 
])liea, etc. The works must stop if the hands are con- 
scripted or the works removed, there being no other eligible 
location, and no means adequate to meet the expense of 

Qenl Whiting says the works must not be continued at 
their present location because he is satisfied the hands are 
ilialoyal and conununicate with the enemy. 

Tho Salt Comr. says he has investigated this charge and 
that he can find no evidence on which it rests. If Qenl 
Whiting has evidence warranting his belief, he should 
have the parties accused, arrested — and the evidence pro- 
duced. If the evidence is only strong enough to warrant 

316 North Caboliha E[i8toricai< Commission. 

suspicion, then a small military force should be placed 
there to prevent intercourse with the enemy and to detect 
and bring to punishment any \vho may attempt it — and 
if Genl W. prefer it, let the State furnish this force. 

It will throw the whole operation into fatal confusion, 
if the present uncertainty hang over it At present the 
hands regard themselves as under your protection. When 
enrolling dHcers tlireaten to conscript them, in violation 
of what they consider their rights, it begets hatred towards 
the Government. I understand that so far from 1)cin^ 
disloyal, they will almost unanimously vote for you; but 
if they are conscripted they will feel injured and may en- 
deavor by desertion or otherwise to escape service. If they 
were fighting men they would not be salt hands. They 
will make poor soldiers. 

The vital interests of the State seem to me to require 
that you exert your whole iK>wcr and authority to protect 
the works, both by addressing Whiting, Mallett, and the 
Sec. of War. 

I mention that fact that the hands Avill vote for you, as 
an evidence of their loyalty — ^and not for the purpose of 
having any influence on your action. I know that it ought 
not and will not have any such influence. 

To D. O. Worth. 

T?AT.Eioir, July J^th ]S6^. 

From hit. ('oHiu's letter to yon of tlie :UUli ult., wliieh 
I opened, I perceive that he sent by Express on that day 
$22,500 to be exchanged for new issue. It has not come 
to hand. 

Mr. Walton paid me to-day for you $1200 on acet of 
debt due you from Burke — says he will paj more as soon 
ns he can collect. Shall I send it by Express — or can you 
realise by drawing on me? 


Send me 4 sacks salt to care of J, A. Worth — Fayette- 
ville — Unless you think it will reach me here by E. R. 
I prefer that it be sent here, if it is pretty certain to come 
through without delay. 

I have sent the two blank $3 bills to Lawson to sign 
and forward to you. 

Nothing new save what you will see in papers. 

The (lovr. told me to-day that he would write to Sec. 
of War l)cfore he leaves on next tour. All well. 

[P. S.] — Just as I had finished this letter your package 
arrived, containing $22,500 old issue. — ^The amt you cer- 
tified as being on hand on Ist Apl was $41,300 — ^half of 
which is $20,050, which stun, together with the $1200 
friMii Walton I Beu<l yon this day by Express. You will 
have to send enough old issue to get your $15000 in Con. 
G per cent bonds — to-wit $13,150 more. 


To Joseph A. Worth-. 

Raleigh July 7/64. 

Yours of the 6th came to hand to-day. I will endeavor JJfJJ^JJSJ^j 
to write mother by the next mail which will reach her. It »»* lu effects. 
18 not tnie that I am for Ilolden, but it is true that I feel 
no hostility to him, personal or political; and I do not 
believe he wishes to close the- war by submission or other 
degrading concessions. Unhappily for me I have never 
been able to see, or to fancy I could see, any prosperity in 
the early future of this Country, whether our arms were 
sncw^aaful or unsuccessf nl : but present universal misery 
and destruction stare every body in the face. I have as 
much abhorrence for war as any Quaker. I regard it 
wholesale murder — and hence I hate the accursed Abo- 
litionists and the scarcely less accursed Secessionists who 
brought on this war, and would trust neither. The election 

318 NoBTU Cabolina Historical Coi^mission. 

of Gov. V. will be a triumph to the latter faction, and will, 
I fear, place them again in the ascendant in this State. I 
feel no zeal in the election and intend to take no active 
part in it. The most reliable and zoalons supporters of 
Gov. v., are the most ultra fire-eaters. I fear them in our 
camp. With these views I cannot view tlie election of H. 
with the horror you do. The affairs of State — its business 
affairs — would be far better managtnl under H., than they 
now are. I could vote with zeal for Uaniscy, Graham, 
Judge Pearson and others. 1 feel no zeal in this electiou. 
But for the past history of H. I should vote for him. The 
personal relations between me and the two candidates are 
cordial and I am influenced solely by my desire to pro- 
mote the public good. 

I will write Uo.xana as to lier taxes. The cidlection of 
taxes on agricultural property is suspended till tlie next 
tithes are paid and then a creilit is alloweil to the anit of 
such tithes, but nothing is to be allowed for the amt such 
tithes may exceede the tax. 

I wish I had time to write more at length, as there 
would be no (hmger of afflicting you with the gloom al- 
ways troubling me since this wicked war was bi'gun. 
statesait^works. I think Qcnl Whiting >vill bo alloweil to break up the 

State Salt Works. The Govr. makes, as I think, but a 
feeble effort to prevent this calamity and insult to the 
State. He protests earnestly. This is disregarded. He 
is 80 engrossed with the election and the influence of his 
iate opponents so essential to his success that he can be- 
stow little thought on the loss of salt works; and a C(»l- 
lision with Richmond would dampen the ardor of his new- 
born friends. — So, I think the salt-works will be sacri- 
ficed — IIow then is the State to get salt ? Whiting says 
negroes must make the salt, which you know is nonsense. 

I can't go to Wilmington. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 319 

To Z. B, Vance. 

Raleigh July 8th 186Jf. 
I reed to-day from my sou a letter in which he savs he Relating to closing 

or DiAtc Milt wor&B* 

delivered to Qeiil Whiting your letter more than a week 
ago, and that he had heard nothing from him — and re- 
questing me to see if he had answered you. Col. Barnes 
road his uuHwrr to you. Ilo says the works luay go on till 
I ho SiH*. of War can he hoard from — but that wood must 
l>c supplied hy other means than flats: that he is filling the 
channels of the sound with torpedoes: that while salt is 
necessary to the people of the State, that Wilmington is 
not only important to the State but to the Confederacy — 
and that all the population on the sound must be removed : 
that the Shito wcu'ks ought to l)c carrieil on by slave labor 
as he says the works owned by individuals are. An indi- 
vidual may take a few of his own trusted slaves to work 
under his own government and with a view to enormous 
])rofits. The State can get none. So the substance is that 
the works arc to 1)0 8tx)ppcd by the holding of the flats 
and the hamls conscripted if the Sec. of War shall not re- 
verse his ordfM's — which upon the facts now Iwforc him, 
he is not likely to do. Col. Barnes showed me your letter 
to the Sec. of War. This does not explain why slave labor 
cannot be employed — and it does not show that the flats 
arc iudispoiisablc — The Sec. ui>on the facta before him, 
will act on the sup|)ositiou that the works can go on vnth- 
Old the flais and wilhoul exempts. 

"My son writes that the State is now losing $500 a day 
for want of the flats. 

I communicate these facts to show that something must 
1)0 done immediately. If tho Confederacy is to contemn 
an ordinance of the State Convention, establishing these 
works and exemiiting from military service the hands em- 
ployed, and in opposition to your will — what is the Comr 
to do with the mules, wagons and other property ? 

It was your wish that my son should go to Bichmond to 


North Carolina Historical Commission. 

make a full showing of the facts. It is said the Road is 
now open. Had you not better write to my son a letter of 
introduction to the Sec. of War and ask him to go at once 
to Richmond to make a full showing of the facts ? 


JEfforts to secure 
continoAtion of 
the State salt 

To D. 0. Worth. 

Raleigh July 8/64. 

Yours of the 7th inst. is received. I have seen Col. 
Barnes who promises to write you to-day giving you the 
substance of Qenl W.'s reply to the Qovr.'s letter. He says 
the works may go on till the answer of the Sec. of War 
shall be received but that other means than flats must bo 
used to get wood : that he is having the sound filled with 
torpedoes: this fact Col. Barnes deems a military secret 
and did not authorise me to communicate it to you. If 
it be true, you probably know it from other sources. 

I fear the permission to go on, coupled with the refusal 
to allow you the use of the flats, will amount to nothing. 
You may possibly be able to keep a part of your force em- 
ployed and let the rest go home on furlough or remain at 
home on extended furlough until the Sec. of War shall be 
heard from, to whom, on the 4th inst. the Qovr wrote, a 
short but emphatic letter. It does not show the necessity 
of using the flats, nor the impossibility of having the Xvork 
done by slave labor. If the Sec. of War shall act, it will 
Ix) upon the fads fumiahcd by Whiting — and his di'cisiou 
will no doubt be sustained. The Govr. ought to request 
you to go to Richmond and see the Sec. of War. If the 
road is open and George Davis be in Richmond to intro- 
duce you, you had better go at once; or if Davis be in 
Wilmington, you could represent to him the Govr's wish 
that you should havo gone some ten days ago, which you 
would have done if the road had been open and I take it 
for granted that Davis would give you a letter of introduc- 


tioii aiid perhaps express his couvietion that the works 
ought to go oUy and that if sO; that flats are indispensible 
and that military exempts must be used. 

The Gk>vr will think little of any thing but the election 
till it shall be over and will not be here, nor at a point to 
be quickly reached by mail, for some time to come. 

Yon will SCO Mcnxly's letter in tlio Progress of to-day 
charging you witli the attempt to influence your hands to 
vote for Vance as the consideration for their exemption. I 
merely call your attention to it, and make no suggestion 
as to what attention, or whether any, it is expedient for you 
to give to it — as I am ignorant as to his motives, or the 
color he may have for the charge. 

To Jos. Newlifu 

liALEioH July 12th 1864. 

Likes and dislikes arc always mutual — ^^Uandolph has Kxprmionor 
always honored me and 1 shall always feel a deeper interest between vancc 

•^ . *"<* Holden. 

in lior welfare than any other people. I know nothing as 
to the views of any of my Bandolph friends in the coming 
election. I lament the collision between V and H. — ^It is 
painful to me to be forced to choose between them. I 
would vote for many men in the State greatly in preference 
to either of tlioni. The choice licing narrowed down to the 
two 1 expect to vote for V — ^but I would not, if I could, 
influence others. In my present position I deem it un- 
wise to take an active part, but I deem it of the utmost 
importance that able and virtuous men should be elected 
to the Qenl A. — and I regard it as probable that a ma- 
jority of Randolph will go for H. — as I should be, if he 
had always been a consistent and fair politician. If they 
are for H., will this preference make them vote against 
Robins and brother Milton ? It ought not. The prefer- 
ence of the County candidates as to Govr. ought not to be 

322 North Cabomna Historioal Commi8&i(*n. 

the sole point on which votes should turn. It does not be- 
come me to urge the claims of my brother — but as to Hob- 
ins whom 1 know bettor than you 1 will say that i shouhl 
deem it most unfortunate if he were not re-elected, i 
think be is as honest and honorable a man as 1 know any 
where and a man of excellent understanding and acquire- 
ments, and considering his diffidence and modesty he ac- 
quired an enviable standing among the members of the last 
Assembly, capable appreciating merit. I think I know 
that ho views with as luuch horror as 1 do, those who 
brought on the wicked and silly war which has desolated 
this once happy country. If you cannot concur with him 
in his preference for V., it alone ought not to make you 
cast him off. 

You are a ready newsman and a cim>I man. If you liavi* 
leisure, let me know how my old friends are disposed to 
act in this election. 

To A. M. Tomlinson. 

Raleioii July 13th 186J,. 

miat^as^topoijil. Happening to have a little leisure this morning I avail 
'£iQdoiphf 'di9- iJiyself of it to inquire of you how you think Randolph 
suSSon in?he**** will go in the coming election. I inquire of you because 

I know you always keep cool. I abstain from using any 
influence, if I have any, in the Govr's election. It is with 
great misgivings that I can decide for myself. I would 
influence nolwdy else. Gov. V. has always boon a Whig. 
I believe the old Whig party contained more virtues and 
intelligence than any other. Democracy I abhor. Holden 
has been on all sides and has abused every body distin- 
guished for virtue or intelligence, but for the past three 
years and at present I find more to ajqirovc, and loss to 
disapprove in his course than that of Govr V.'s. I am 
satisfied the business operations of the State would he much 
better conducted under H. than they now are. I am on 


terms of personal fricudship with both. All the wicked 
men who brought on this ruinous war are for V — ze .lously 
for him. — If he shall be elected principally by their votes, 
he will necessarily use his patronage and influence to give 
them influence in State affairs. If the old Whigs stand 
by him, he will probably respect their views. I owe V 
much for n great personal favor which he granted to me 
which was not only consistent with the public good, but 
decidc<lly promotive of it. Under all the circumstances 
I think 1 shall vote for Govr. V. — but I am not willing 
my name should be used to influence others: — ^but I feel 
anxious as to your representation in the Oenl Assembly. It 
was never more important. I am confident that many of 
the friends of Uobins and Br Milton will disapprove their 
a<lv<>cacy of Gov. V. but they are certainly able to render 
more service to the public than their opponents, and unless 
their views on momentous questions are disapproved, their 
vote for Gbvr ought not to operate for or against them. 
It does not become me to speak even to you in favor of my 
bnither — bul. 1 nuiy not improiwrly say that I know no 
citizen of the County su]K!rior to Kobins in intelligence, 
judgment and acquirements — and I know no one any 
Avhere more honorable and uprights 

As to the Senate, Mebane is my personal f riaid and in- 
tellectually superior, I presume, to Dr. Black, but ex- 
cessively lazy and inefficient — and as Speaker of the Sen- 
alo, very unacceptable to many of our friends, on account 
of the manner in which he constitutes committees — for in- 
stance on the Tlahcas Corpus question, the exemption from 
military service, etc., he appointed, as I learn from Mr. 
Boyden, a majority favoring Brest. Davis's views. If 
Black is a nuin of fair intelligence the district, as I think, 
would not suffer by a change; but this is in strict confi- 

I am utterly indifferent as to members to be elected in 
reference to myself. I have no anxiety to be re-elected 
Treasr. and am undecided whether I will again accept the 

324 NoBTH Cabolika Hibtobioal Commission. 

appointment. If the Genl A. shall continue its suicidal 
policy of keeping up a large military force at the expense 
of the State, including its commissary and other military 
bureaus — and shall continue the clothing establishments 
and blockade running the finances of the State will not 
long be manageable. I shall show up their operations and 
demonstrate in my next annual report, that they are un- 
necessary in a military point of view, and disastrous in a 
pecuniary one — and if the State choose to continue them, 
I think I shall not be voluntary helmsman when the Legis- 
lative power forces the Ship of State into the breakers. 
My salary is as nothing and I am totally indifferent as to 

I have spun this longer than I expected. Randolph has 
always liouorod iiio and 1 fool moro interest in hor {leopli* 
than I do in any other — and would like to hear from you 
at your convoniencc. 

If you speak of this letter, not intended for the public, 
what you say will be perverted. 

If not inconvenient to you, please make and send to care 
of Danl Worth Co. Shops the following shoes for my ne- 

1 pr man's No. 8 

2 " " " 9 
1 '' " " 10 
1 " " " 11 
1 "woman's " 7 

I will pay in currency — or if you ])rcfer you may have 
pay in cotton yarn or factory Bhecting, at what you dcciii 
an equivalent. 


To Dr. J. J. Hamlin. 

Kaleioh^ July IS /6k' 
I mean that the note which I receive must be payable in Relating to private 


good and lawful money. I would of course receive any 
good money — specie or the notes of our Banks when they 
resume specie payments. I would not expect payment till 
a reasonable time after a treaty of peace and the restora- 
tion of a sound currency. 

You could have the wheat straw and the last stack of 
hay on the place, if we trade. 

I can give you no news except what you will see in our 
daily papers — and the fact that we sent from Wilmington 
a few days ago some 4 armed steamers with some 600 sol- 
(HcM's niul a largo supply of anus to go round to Fort Look- 
out and take the place by surprise and liberate some 12000 
of our men held there as prisoners. Our steamers got 
safely through the blockade. 


To I. Jarrett. 

Raleigh July 16th 186^. 
I requested you to send me the keg of whiskey, without counterauwiding 
regard to price, but it did not occur to me that it would 2jJj5l**fof 5|° 
cost so much as $100. per gallon. I have no income which '»*«*> price, 
will warrant mc in indulging in the luxury of drinking 
good whiskey at this cost. If you have not sent it off, 
please don't send it. I can't pay my taxes, etc. and con- 
tinue my habit of an occasional drink. If I have occa- 
sioned any inconvenience or cost to you in procuring a keg, 
Irt nic know the amount and I will remit it. 



To John M. WoHh. 

Raleigh^ Aug. 3/61^. 

Fare<>a»tortho [ (lou't U'lioVC YOU Hiul ItoblllM' will 1)0 IkmiU'II. Ilnl- 

clecCloii. 1 . * I ,1 1 

(leu s strength is every where weaker than was supposed. 
I now doubt whether he and his ticket will carry the State. 
All well. 

To D. G. Worth. 

Raleigh^ Aug. 6th 1864. 
Relations of I have iiot heard a word as to the status of your works 

Vance and Worth. ^ . i i 

since you left hero. 1 asked tlio Govr. TTo said he had 
hoard that you and Whiling had got inattors soUlod, lail 
that he said nothing to Whiting on the subject when he 
was in Wilmington. I am anxious to hear how the matter 

The Govr. is quite cordial with me. lias been and taken 
a sitting with me two or three times within the past three 
days. He said he had seen a statement that the salt hands 
had voted 53 for llolden and 3 for him. Tie considered 
this shabby in them after all his efforts to protect them. I 
told him of your surprise and mortification. It was un- 

* it * * * * * 

Br. Milton wrote me this week that he would take my 
Cane Creek place on my terms and I have answered ac- 
cepting. Whothor I will buy a phuM» near hero or what I 
will do, is undecided. 

All well— 

* M. 8. Robins, of Randolph county. 


To J. J. Jacksoiu 

I 'J he first part of this letter is illegible.'] 

I see no notice of the kind in the papers and doubt Sfforeemcnto? the 
whether he has issued them. It will be characteristic if the conscript act 
^lills, Hail Roads, p;in shops, factories, salt works, etc. arc 
all 8to|>p<Ml. r would ace Mallott — but deem it useless. If 
(itivr. H. au<l (lovr. V. conid not oporato on him, my intcr- 
fertncc won hi l)c worse than idle. If the order is not re- 
voked, it will be. Insanity alone could sustain it: but I 
think it would be best for the parties to yield obedience — 
ho will probably disapprove every petition when the pcti- 
liou(»rs disregard this order. 

(lov. V. says he claims exemption under the act of last 
session for all State officers irrespective of the date of his 

To J), a. M'orlh. 

KALKunr, Aitfj. 2iUh USO4. 

The delays of the Govr are exceedingly annoying to you. 
They spring from no indifference but the want of business 
habits and the pressure of many res])onsible duties. He 
seems determined to i)rotect the works. 

It is not probable that I can meet you at Roxana's. I 
will try to send Corinna and Dr. Roberts down and should 
Iw delighted to go myself. I have bought a place about 6 
miles from here. I must get hands, tools, etc. moved to 
sow wheat and oats. Removals are annoying but I think 
I am getting fixed alK>ut right. 

The Govr. told me he had reed your lett-er and had or- 
ilered (uie Oomjiany of troops placed under Whiting's 
order — but thnt he required two companies. lie says he 

328 XoBTH Cabolixa Historical Co^missiox. 

will have it fixed somehow. Be patient as possible ami 
write him so often as you can consistent with jour sense o{ 

My place is about 6 miles from here — 1S8 acres — about 
half cleared and fenced into 5 fi(;ld.s — plenty of gr^^J oak 
and hickory and pine wood — good peach orchard in bearing 
condition — a few bearing and many recently planted apple 
trees — a small neat frame dwelling and all needful out 
houses in good order — ^the soil nice to cultivate and mod- 
erately productive — about 8 or 10 aci*es first rate bottom — 
the road to the place excellent. Can have excellent meadow 
with little labor. I paid $16,000. Confederate for it 


To W. F. BrooJcshire.^ 

Raleioii^ Aug. 27/64, 

Yours of the 20th inst was reed yesterday and the requi- 
sition filed for your friend R. A. James — and to-day I 
got the cloth and shirts which are in my office, subject to 
your order. T paid for the articles $75 by drft on Geo. 
McNeill for this to be on your account, and I have written 
to him appraising him of the draft. 

I paid for the making of a suit for a son of Andrew 
Hunt (I forget his rank) $350. I mention it, because our 
tailors may have less money than others whom your friend 
may find. 

I shall always l)o glad to sorvo you or any other North 
Carolinian in the service. We are rejoicing over the vic- 
tory of the 25th inst. won almost exclusively by N. C. 
troops — and extremely solicitous to hear from our friends 
in the fight. 

Petersburo, Va. 

* A member of the 50th N. C. Regiment, then in Kirldaml's Bri- 
gade, Holt's Division, A. N. V. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 329 

To Jo. L. Browiu 

Ralbioh Aug. 29/04. 

Yours of the 29tli inst has been reed. K'SSateTn 

Judge Person's old seat is labeled for him for Session **** *^'*^°'«- 

I hold [illegible] for you the seat situated closely on 
•Intlp^ ParHou'n l«»ft. The scat on your left hn<l a label 
lying loose on it. You had the name of one of your col- 
leagues on it — E. C. Orier. Presuming it had been se 
lected for him by some friend and knowing the label would 
be blown away I took the liberty of attaching it with gum 
arable, and selected and labeled for W. T. Shipp, that seat 
on lillegible] left, being one seat from the South and which 
is lalwl(»d for [illegible']. The seats in front of your view 
are all secured as well as a very large number throughout 
the Hall. Mr. Cunningham had neglected Col. Young's 
request. I am glad to have succeeded in securing for you 
and Mr. Shipp the seats you desired. 

To his Daaighter. 

Baleigh, September 12th 1864. 

I have a strong impression that Lincoln will send Far- predicUnff 

1 1 • /I 1 <i t iTT'i • 1 capture of Wil- 

ragut and his fleet l>efore long to capture Wilmington ; and mington. 
if I were David should want few negroes in Wilmington. 
Danl Worth wanted to buy such a negro as Wesley some 
years ago. He has plenty of cotton on hand and other re- 
cources. He might buy him or hire him. 

We are all well and no news save what you will see in 
the papers. 

330 NoBTu Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

To Capt, R. Bingham. 

Raleigh, Sep. 16th 1864. 

Yours of tlie lOtli iiist. cuiiie to luiiul yestonluy and I 
iiuiuodiately Hied your requisition for clothing wliieh is re- 
turned to nie with the following endorsement ''Cupt liing- 
ham can purchase 12 months from date of first purchase 
or Feb. 15th 1865." 

If I can do anything further for you in this or any other 
matter, I will gladly oblige you. 

' The military sky does not look bright. An expectation 
has got abroad tliat Genl Lee will shortly attack CI rant 
with the view not only of dislodging him from his position, 
but of capturing his army. Such a result would probably 
end the war, but cannot be hoped for unaccompanieil by 
the loss of nuiny of our soUliers. We shall feel intense 
anxiety on account of our friends and Country. 


To II. E. Colton. 

llALKum Sep, 20/G.l,. 

IiefkSSpoftho Yours of the 18th inst is received. I am much obliged 

for the brandy sent in as well as that you propose to send. 
Having none on hand I deemed that which was delivered 
very good. 

If you still want any lead pipe you may have it for what 
you deem an equivalent in 8cupi)ernong brandy, which i 
like better than the blackberry. 

If you run for clerk of the Commons I shall wish you 
success and you will have my influence, as far as 1 can with 
propriety exert it. I had not heard that Tucker was a Can- 
didate or that you had any other opposition — but I have 
heard complaints as to your dilatoriness in supplying your 
Journal to the Printer — and the expression of the opinion 
by several that you could not he re-elected. T will make 
further inquiry. If it is not necessary to keep you out of 
the army I should think the position very undesirable to 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 831 

To Worlh and Co. 

RALEiGit, Sept. 23 1864. 

A part of the $46,000. in Confederate S's will be sentS^^^^^P'*^**^ 
you from Fayettcville — the rest from here. Tucker & Co. 
hold them at 127. 

I inclose 6 per cent certificates with my endorsement, 
issiK'd for $000. ou 25) ^[ay by W. G. TJroadfmit to j>ay 
my S. C. tax. 1 think I heretofore wrote to you that W. 
J. Graham, Conway's, S. C, would list our land for us 
and pay the tax, and 1 hope you have written him to do 
so. It should be listed at the amount paid Reeves, $30,- 
000. for the whole land and still. If so this certificate I 
inclose will pay my half. Ask Graham to list it for us 
for (\)unty and Stat(5 taxes whenever neccssarv and to 
appraise you of the amount to be paid — and to draw on 
you for the amt, iucluding the fee he may charge us, if 
any thing. If you have not attended to it, don't delay. 
We may subject ourselves to heavy penalty by delay. 

Oovr. Vauco never mentions the Salt Works and I 
prrHume never lliiui's of flunu save wlien Hie subject is 
brought lo his attention, which I Inive forlMirno to do lately. 
It is now less than two months till the meeting of the Genl 
Assembly, when it is to be hoped something efficient may 
be done. 

I fear you have failed to list our land and that we may 
have ineurred the forfeiture — but I think it is not to late. — 

J)r. 11. and C. left here to-day for Murfreesboro. I 
was not positive that I construed your letter right as wish- 
ing me to make the contract for the purchase of the $40,- 
000. Con bonds, but thinking such was your intentions and 
having a elnnuM* lo buy within yr limits, F made the eon- 
Iraet. 1 would have postponed closing the trade till you 
could Ik* heard from if I could. 

All well. 


332 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

To H. K. Burgwyn} 

Ealeigh, Oct. n/6^, 

toirSSliSn*^'* My marc did not got hero till after dark on Saturday 

night. I sent her to your house yesterday hut you had 
left for your plantation. The servant reported verbally 
that your brother would like to buy the mare. I will hold 
her until you see her and let you take her at $2100., if you 
like her — or reject her, if you do not like her. 

As it is among possible contingencies that the military 
operations may result adversely to us, whereby you might 
not be able to deliver the 100 bbls corn for me at Garys- 
borough the middle of Novr, I will take it at any earlier 
day when you may deliver it. I have a large bam and 
can spread it out on the floor so that it will not damage. 
If you decline to take the mare I will pay for the corn $10. 
per bu., the price agreed, on delivery, and return the bags 
to you. Let me know when it will be ready and I will 
get Mr. Askew to go over and see it through. 

I am not quite well and my heart tremulous. 



To D. O. Worth. 

Raleigh Oct. Sith 1864. 

SSSiSn nf Stoi«r I reed to-day from Dr. Jackson the deed for the Dismal 
^ ciwamp land and the recpt of J. R. Bcasloy for the $1200. 
to pay our tax, to which lie proniiseH to givci attention as 
soon as a successor to Mr. Graham, who was the collector 
and is dead, shall be appointed. I perceive the deed does 
not discriminate the amount of interest held by each of 
us, from which the legal deduction is that we hold equal 
interests. I inclose a paper to be signed by you and 
Green to correct this error. Send it by mail. 

We hear nothing from Wilmington to-day. Our anxiety 
is intense. 

1 Henry K. Burg^yn, of New Hanover county. 


I shall probably be re-elected Treas. without opposition. 
If all other things keeping yon out of the army fail, would 
you accept the position as my chief or assistant clerk? 
Wiley speaks of running for Sec. of State. If he should 
not be elected I could get Mr. Steel to take another position 
and. resign his clerkship in my office. Your heart disease 
and the state of your family make it honorable and proper 
for you to keep out of a war you didn't contribute to bring 
on, by any lawful means. 

1*0 Joseph A. Worth. 

Raleigh, Nov. 12th ISOJf. 

Your letter relating to the impressment of our boat is £j'***"5,2iu»f 
received. The Qovr. has been gone all of this week to "•" "^ property. 
Wilmington. He returned last night, but is surroimded 
with officers, old women, etc — and as I think ho has no 
power to act in the premises and that he would not inter- 
fere I have not hold any conference with him on the sub- 
ject. .If I can find him at leisure I will call his atten- 
tion to it hereafter. The only, colorable ground for his 
interference is the transportation of the State salt. At 
the instance of Whiting and Bragg he has abolished the 
salt works — by what authority I do not know. He pro- 
poses, I understand, that we have the works removed to 
S. C. This cannot be done without an appropriation, and 
I suppose the flonl A. will hardly make one. It would 
be an instance of State servility to military arrogance and 
nonsense, to which I think the pride of the Qenl A. would 
not stoop. 

The impressment law extends to property of every de- 
scription and the officer in command has unlimited dis- 
cretion. The only relief will be in appeal to the Sec. of 
War. If they impress the boat, crew and furniture, I 
suppose it will amount to a total loss of the property. I 

334 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

presume Capt. Hart would rather the boat were blown 
up than to command it under the direction of the arrogant 
officers who would command him. If it should be im- 
pressed the company should send a memorial to the Qr. 
Master Genl or the Sec. of War (I do not know which), 
showing there was no necessity for the impressment. You 
had better write to Fulton to know certainly the proper 
mode of proceeding to obtain the restoration of the prop- 

The President's recommendation that uol)ody able to 
bear arms is to be exempted from service save those who 
may be detailed by the Sec. of War or Prest., that the 
system of collecting tithes is to [be] a fixture, and com, 
hay, pork potatoes, etc., to be a basis instead of s|)ocie for a 
])roi)er currency and the scheme of bnyiu*^ 40 000 hhivc*s 
and using them as teamsters, etc., under a promise '^f friH'- 
dom to them, their wives, children, etc., to remain slaves 
while the enemy promises freedom to all — caps the cli- 
max of tyranny and nonsense. 

To Oiks Mehane. 

RAJ.EIQU,, Nov. 18th 186i. 

gjjjjj*^ to state ^ij report is ready for the Genl A. It shows that the 

State debt was increased last year more than five millions ; 
and that if our military operations next year on their pres- 
ent basis, our ex|)enses will be yreally increased. Aly 
means nmv, excluding our own Treasury notes, (the issue 
of which would increase our State debt), are three millions 
short of demands, payable whenever presented li^ the Treas- 
ury. — If there be no retrenchment, the ways and means 
required for this fiscal year will require about $10,000,000. 
We can make no further loans except at a most ruinous 
rate. A bond for $1,000. payable in gold, will now bring 


about $1750. worth iu gold less thau $75.00. The State 
has thrown no Imnds on the market for the past 10 months. 
If we wcMo to attempt to supply the Treasury by the sale 
of bonds, they would go down at once to or below par for 
Confederate money. We are consequently forced to raise 
the money by taxes, or go into bankruptcy. 

The only chance for retrenchment is in the Military 

The two all important committees of the Session are 
the Military and Finance. 

You will doubtless be re-elected Speaker of the Senate 
and will not take it amiss for mo to suggest the names of 
gentlemen, whom I deem suitable. You will, of course, re- 
ject them if others seem to you more fit. Certainly the 
hcHl ability in the Imdy should be on these committees. 

Military. Finance. 

Stubbs Courts 

Pool Patterson 


Winstend ' Berry 


Harris, of Franklin 
Bagley or 

Bring mo a few pounds of your good Tobacco. 
• Medanksville. 

To R. 8. DonnelU 

Kaleigh^ Nov. 18/6^. 

The crisis which is upon us as to our Finances, requires ^SSiMceBof Se 
that the best ability in the Assembly, shall be placed on 'e«*»i**»w« 

* Richard 8. Donnell was a member of Congress in 1847, State Sen- 
ator in 1858, a member of the House of Commons in 1860, 1862 and 
1864. At the latter session he was chosen Speaker. He was a Whig 
member of the Conventions of 1861 and 1865. 

336 'Sown Caxouxa Histcmucai. CoMiaasiojr 

Tbc federal fleet 

the lliliuiy and Finance Committees The oolj I^pait- 
ment in which any important retrendmient can be made 
id the military. And after all posciLle nitrenchments shall 
be made, very large additional meaiiS will have to be pru- 

Allow me to aiigge&t the following names. If yon deem 
others more dt, yon will of course siibbtitiite them. I am 
taking it for granted that you will be reelected Speaker — 
without opposition, I hope and belieTe. 

3Ill.ITAK)r. FlXAXCK. 

S. D. Pool .Shei>herd 

Fowle Harris 

Person Brown 

Cowles I^ng 

Grissoin Mdiilicv 

S. F. Phillips 

Jno. W. Cunningham 


To A. O. Foster. 

Raleigh Dec, 20th 1S6\. 

The Govr. informs me that the enemy's fleet is oflF Wil- 
mington — certain — and that Genl Bragg calls for our in- 
vincible home guards. 

I can see no bright spot in the military situation. 


To D. 6. WoHh. 

Yours of the 19th reed. Steve has returned from planta- 
tion since you left — says Wesley would not say whether 
he would go to shops or not. — Was stiU at my place where 


there was nothing whatever to do. I shall leave Friday, 
if weather will allow, to go up and close up business. From 
what I can learn I think he will not leave voluntarily. If 
sold for Confederate money you get nothing. I would 
rather have him run away, than $5000. Con money. Mil- 
ton will give 60 bu. com for his hire next year. I think 
it will be better to take it^ but will not feel justified in 
ninkiiig sncli contract nnder your instructions. 

I had information three days ago from my stock-broker 
that our State bonds would bring 250. The rapid decline 
of Confederacy currency may carry them up. Confidenr 
tially I regard the investment, in view of the extravagant 
appropriations made and about to be made by the present 
(Jcnl A., 1 regard as very undesirable. I think your in- 
vestment of $8,000. can be made to a far better advantage 
in the purchase of our treasury notes. I will try to find 
time to think and say more. At present I am hurried in 
every direction. 

To John M. WoHh. 

IUljsigii^ Jan Ui 1866. 
» « « « « « « 

With all my proneness to see the bright side of things, cnowiy condition 
I can see little in my personal affairs, nothing in the affairs 
of my country — to make my heart glad. I mean as to 
my personal affaire, my property and business affairs. The 
course pursued by our rulers, must, as I think, result in 
total ruin to all of us. 

I write from home — ^have not seen a letter at my ojfice 
which reached here after I had left for Cane Creek. I 
do not doubt you failed to meet me for sufficient reasons — 
but T greatly regret that you could not. 

All well. 


388 NoBTH Cabolina Historioal Commission. 

To Josiah Turner, Jr. 

Raleiqh^ Jan. 6th 1866. 
Financial matton. I liavc bccu coiiipolleil to look oiit for a living the \niAt 

10 days, my salary not being equal to l of my expenses — 
and there has been some delay in answering yours of the 
1st inst. 

Bank notes are worth 7 for 1 — Gold 43, State bonds 
250 — refundable N. C. Treasury notes 10 to 40 pre- 
mium — fundable now 150 premium — and all these have an 
upward tendency. Con. thirties are worth about GO to the 
dollar and the tendency for these and all other Confederate 
securities is downwards. 

Such are the fluctuations in the market that I am re- 
luctant to venture any opinion as to what is safest. At 
present all K. C. securities are rapidly going up in pref- 
erence to Confederate money and securities. I think it 
safe to invest in N. C. stocks at present — N. C. bonds 
have gone up within four weeks fully 76 per cent. 

If your late speech has been published, send me a copy 
of it. I have seen only a brief synopsis of it. 

[Remainder illegible.'] 



Raleioii Jan. 8th 1865. 
« « * « 

M condiuou or Randolph is in a deplorable condition. Scaiie other 

Randolph. , ^ , ^ * 

counties are in quite as bad fix. Theft, robbery and al- 
most every other crime are common in almost all the rural 
districts, and are lately becoming more common. To shoot 
them in the act, as Leak did, is perfectly justifiable. — 


To V. Q. WoHh. 

IIaleiqii Jan lS/66. 

I am glad you have taken tlie renting of liound Swamp Businen matten 
in hand. We must not let our devotion to the public ser- 
vice absorb our whole time to our entire impoverishment. 
You ought to take time to go and look after the renting. 
( 'hargi^ mo half the oxponse. Jt is much better to rent it 
for tho taxes than to get nothing. I hoj)e you may be 
able to do this and got some rent corn besides. If we 
had a start of a little corn, we might be able to send hands 
to it. 

I have written Boxana that I will go down as soon as 
the Oenl A. rises. I did not know till I got yours of the 
11th this day that you would not go. It is now impos- 
sible for me to go and return by the lYth when the A. 
meets and* do any good. 

My troubles are terrible — but as a set off all my chil- 
dren are well and out of the army — and in good health. 
T have moat, corn, and wheat enough to foofl mo and my 
<U»pond(»nt8 one year more. 

Those comforts ought to make all others weigh lightly. 

To J. M. Parrolt. 

Raleigh, Jan. 18th 1866., 

I have news from Cedar Falls Co. They say the goods 
were sent soon after my order of 28 Nov, directed to you 
at Kinston per freight train. I directed them piit up at 
tho very lowest factory prices, and that the freight to 
Goldsboro, as well as the transportation to the Road, be 
prepaid and charged to me. I directed $1000. worth of 
goods put for you. I chose to pay the charge to Goldsboro 
in consideration of the low price you charged me for the 

340 NoBTH Cabolista Hibtosioal Cokmission. 

I write to-day to the agent at High Point to know 
whether the goods were forwarded and when. 

If you goods have not reached ^ou^ you had better take 
such further steps as you may be able to employ, to expedite 
their delivery. 

When you get the goods you will oblige me by letting me 
know it, and in the mean time, will do any thing in my 
power to expedite the delivery of the goods. 

The feeling seems to be growing around here that we 
have about fought out 


ToA.V. SuUivan. 

IUleigii^ Jaiu lS/66. 

l^fr. J. M. FiuTott, of Kinston, ac(X)mrnodat(Hl ine this 
Fall by selling me 200 bu. com for which I was to put 
on the R. R. for him Factory goods directed to him at 

Mr. Odell writes me the goods were sent up to you, so 
marked, some three or four weeks ago — and Mr. Parrott 
writes he has heard nothing of tliem. 

Are the goods still in your depot? If they were sent 
off, when t If not sent, is there any probability that they 
can be sent soon ? 

Mr. Makepeace writes me that he sent up for me on the 
12th inst two bales of cotton yarn. I am dependent on 
it for means of living, my salary being as notliing. You 
will greatly oblige me by expediting its delivery here. 

If any comfort can be drawn from the present aspect 
of affairs, it can be drawn only from the old adage that 
''the darkest time is just before day.'' 

High Point. 


To J. M. Odell 

Ealeioh^ JarL 18th 1866. 

Yours of the 6th and 7th inst, both post-marked the Private biiiine« 
12th, arrived yesterday. I presented your acct against 
Major Dowd to-day. lie asks till to-morrow to compare 
this account with liis books and promises to pay. No N. 
C. Treasury notes can bo bought here at loss than 100 per 
cent — tendency rapidly increasing upwards. State bonds, 
in the face of every thing to depreciate them, bring 150 per 
cent premium more than they commanded two months 
ago — and tendency rapidly upwards. This is not owing to 
their increased value — but to the worthlessness of the cur- 
rency. At the highest price you charge for drawers, you 
aro getting, at the best estimate, about 7 cents. In my 
opinion the factory should deliver no more goods to the 
State or Con. Govt, for currency. If they will not pay 
cotton in advance, we had better stop. There is not the 
slightest ground to hope that the currency will get better. 

As to the money duo from the Prison, I see little 
ground to expect payment in even the worthless currency — 
niid soon Major Dowd's dcpt must stop payment If 1 
get full payment of the present acct I shall not be less 
surprised than gratified. 

The money, if obtained, should be immediately used 
in some way. I could have invested it last Monday in 
cotton in Cabarrus at $2 per lb. I believe at this, or even 
a higher price, it would bo a better investment than any 
other that can be made. 

Mr. Wiley will send you some $2000 in our notes which 
he has purchased for you by Express to High Point as 
dircctx^l in your letter. 

Extreme depression prevails here. I understand a bill 
for a Convention will be brought forward — ^but its passage 
cannot be expected by this Assembly, unless the enemy 
pushes his successes further — or unless Georgia takes the 


NosTu Cabolina Historical Commission. 

I intend this letter for Mr. Makepeace as well as for 
you, but not for tlie public. 


To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleiqu^ Jan. 2Jtlh 1866. 

Let nie know how much Con. money I must send yon, 
il you can't make a drft on me answer as well. 

The two houses go into secret session to-night — to con- 
sider — it is said — some plan of attaining peace — 

All well. 

Growth of the 
peace moyement. 

To ]Yorth and Co. 

Raleigh Jan. SO/65. 

B. Moi&tt deposited with me, a few days ago, $2028. 
Conf . for you. What shall I do with it ? 

[P. S.] — The peace feeling is dominant here and much 
confidence is generally felt that it will I>o brought about 
by the Comrs. now conferring in Washington. T doubt 
whether there is enough of virtue or sense in the two ad- 
ministrations to agree on any thing rational. 

PriTate hiutneas 

From S. 8. Jackson-. 

AsHEDOKO, N. C. February 1st 1865. 

I shall send forward to High Point in the morning five 
bales of my sheeting containing 1277-^ yds. One 
bale having G2G4 and the other 641. The bales are 
marked to J. Worth, Kalcigh, N. C. ; care of Tucker, An- 
dre ws, & Co., Italeigh, N. C. I am going to make a strong 
effort to get them on the Express to-morrow night; so 


they can go forward right away and be sold, I have got 
in debt by the purchase of the books, negroes, etc. and 
must now endeavor to push the sheeting through, if pos- 
sible, before a decline takes place. Mr. Makepeace thinks 
it will go down, and if there is anything substantial in 
this decline of gold I tliink things will tumble. I shall 
write a letter to Tucker, Andrews, & Co., notifying them 
tliat I have K<*nt forward (he giHKls and that I want thoui 
to sell right away and then turn over the money to you: 
and if you get it, please forward by Joel Ashworth by 
the first opportunity. Things are changing so rapidly 
that I can't keep up and now I wish to get straight. I 
changed 6000 lbs of cotton with Makepeace today for 
3000 yds of cloth to Ik5 delivered in tlio future. I have 
now on hand about 5000 lbs of cotton as much as I choose 
to risk. I would be obliged if you would call and see 
Tucker & Co. to see when the goods come and explain it 
to him, etc. 
All well. 

From W. II. Fousl. 

HiLLSBORO, N. C. Feby Srd 1866. 
I have been tliinking ever since the death of my father Reqaestfortdvice. 
that I would write to you for advice. As you were his 
friend and counsellor, I know you will not hesitate to 
be mine. I do not know what is best for me to do, I had 
to leave my mother and sister without any protection and 
come back here to school or do worse, go into the army. 
The deserters were becoming perfect outlaws in our 
(bounty. Not longer than two weeks ago, tliey went to an 
old widow's by the name of Mrs. Curtis who can neither 
see nor hear but very little, and plundered the house of 
all its valuable contents. Now men who are brutal 
enough to do that will not hesitate to do worse. I am 
living in constant dread and fear to hear from home. You 

844 NoBTH Oabolina Histobicai. Commission. 

know what is best to be done. Can I be detailed to stay 
at home? If not, is there any place vacant in Raleigh 
that I could get that would exempt me from tiie army. 
I do not want to go into the army again, if I can help 
it; I have some littlo brothers and sisters at homo and 1 
want to be of as much service to them as I can, they have 
no pa to provide for them as I had and I feel it my duty 
to protect them. Give my regards to your family. I wish 
I could have gone to see you during vacation but I was 
so busily engaged about the farm. Let me hear from 
you as soon as convenient. 

From Benj. Moffitt. 

AsHEBOBO^ N. C. Feby. Jffth 1865. 

Yours of the 1st just duly to hand. I am truly glad 
to hear that you have succeeded in purchasing me a man. 
I see there is a probability of the Legislature adjourning 
on Tuesday. If so please see Mr. John Hill or Mr. Ash- 
worth and send the man by one of them. I would come 
down immediately myself if it was not that I am obliged 
to be at our Court. If the Legislature should not adjourn 
I will come down on Friday next 10th just after him. I 
will scud up a lot of sheetings on Monday to ship to 
Messrs. Tucker, Andrews, & Co., Baleigh to be sold and 
will direct them to pay you the money. I have already 
sent one Bale to thorn that will roach Baleigh to-day. I 
am indeed under many obligations to yon l)csidc8 com- 
pensating you for your trouble. 

[P. S.] — I will write you again when I send the goods. 


From L U. Brown. 

AsHEBOBo, Feby J^th 1866. 

Mr. Jacksoa advised me as soon as be returned from 
Baleigli to sell some sheeting and buy a negro. I bave 
been ratber slow to get in tbe notion and learn tbat tbey 
are going up and tbat sbeetings are likely to oome down 
otherwise 1 would like to get you to advance the money 
but for fear sbeetings might come down before I could 
forward them for sale, I have concluded to write to you 
to see whether you could exchange sheeting for a negro 
boy about 17 years of age a little under the conscript age 
for fear of an accident and not to deliver the boy until 
the sheetings arrive at Raleigh. You will please make 
llio inquiry and sec how much sheeting it will require to 
buy one. 1 should like to get o{F for less than 800 yards 
if possible. I have some 1200 yards in all but don't want 
to sell all of it for that purpose. Pa has no one to work 
for him and my object is to let Pa have him. I would 
nnirh prefer your judgment as I would know nothing 
nbont judging them at all. In fact I have all confidence 
in your judgment upon any subject whatever. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jackson are well as are the citizens generally. We 
hear nothing now but the prospect for peace and hope 
we may soon enjoy it, but have some fears for the pres- 
ent. You know what kind of a boy would suit Pa, a boy 
of good character and a stout fellow and will greatly 
oblige me by attending to the above request remember me 
to your family. 

[P. S.] — If in your judgment you had better close the 
trade Wore writing to me you can do so and if it will 
require more than 800 yards please drop me a line and 
I will reply immediately. 


NoBTH Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

From WoHh & Co. 

WiLMiNQTON, N. C. Jilh Feb. 1805. 
Every body here is hopeful about peace. Produce has 
declined wonderfully. Pork selling at $3.75 to $4. and 
sold ten days ago at $8. Gold $30, but no transactions. 
All well here. 

To John M. \yoHh. 

Ealeiqh^ Feb. 9/65. 

Relatliifl: to 
eoonomic and 

Eolitical oondl- 

It is becoming extremely doubtful whether I can get 

feed to keep my cattle alive. As a last resort I must drive 

' them back and food them on my rcnuiining two stacks of 

hay. If your people manage with any oeononiy you will 

not need them. 

If you are going down^ remember my instructions about 
the flax. If you are not going, let zne know, and I will 
get somebody else to attend to it. 

Taking the report of our Comis. and the Northern ver- 
sion together it is clear that our Conu's made independence 
an indispensable basis and Lincoln made Union indispens- 
able — Just what I expected. The result is a continuance 
of the war, under circumstances rendering it nearly cer- 
tain that we are to be conquered and at the mercy of the 
enemy. Beconstruction is the only practical remedy and 
this with our present rulers is impossible. 

Relating tobusi- 
neaf matters. 

From 8. 8. Jackson. 

AsHEBOBO N. 0. February 11th 1865. 

Dear Mr. WoRTir 

I have seen Captain Wm. Purnell as to your sheeting 
that was taken to Ingram's. Hero is his statement. Wv 
carried it over the River and could not find the old man — 


80 he brought it bnck to Starbiick's on this siile the lliver 
with the understanding that Starbuck would take it across 
to Ingram. In a few weeks he was down again and found 
that Starbuck had not carried it over so he took it over 
himself and delivered it to Ingram — and in a few weeks 
I got him to go down with the sewing thread from the 
Factory to JJalc up the Cotton. And Ingram then told 
him that ho had opened the goods and cut it up into pat- 
terns and that the amount didn't correspond with the mark 
on lh(» Iialo (»f g«M>ds, falling short according to Purnell's 
recollection about 26 yds. Pumell thought that the mis- 
take must have happened at the Factory, when it was 
put up. 

I received a note from Manloff Jarrell at High Point, 
saying lluit my 2 Bales of sheeting went forward on i\w 
Local Express, on the 6th insL If you recollect I had it 
marked J. Worth, Kaleigh, care of Tucker Andre^vs & 
Co. I would be obliged if you would call by and see 
whether it has arrived or not and take charge of the money 
wlicn it is sold, etc. 

I have been more depressed about the condition of 
things for the last few days than I have ever been before 
and one of the only hopes that I have is the misrepresenta- 
tion by our Commissioners of the true position of the Lin- 
coln Government, as they could not procure a Peace on 
the principle of Independence, It seems to me to be 
preposterous to be liohling war meetings over the country, 
at this late day, as the people are depressed to such an ex- 
tent that they can't be made to appreciate the motives 
of those who lead in getting them up. I have no idea 
that Washington, if he could spring again into life, could 
as8uiT> tho people, so as to again get them to volunteer, and 
therefore I fear that our Congress will be guilty of some 
linsty Tiegifllation on the subject of Conscription ; that will 
produce a counter Revolution. I would like to get your 
views about the future prospect of the Country, etc. 


NoRTic Cabouna Histobical Commission. 

Begardioc pur- 
chiKof miilet. 

To D. 0. WoHh. 

Raleiou Feb. H/65. 

I am still n^otiating for the C(Jtrane mules. I greatly 
prefer a first class pair. Mr. Kickett's mules are too small. 
I will give him $5000. for them and wagon and gearing^ 
and break off my negotiations. If he will take this, close 
the trade and pay him. I would rather give $10^000. for 
the Coltrane mules. If I fail to contract for the Coltrane 
mules I will give Mr. Ilickett his price — $0000. 

I opened the inclosed letters thinking they might relate 
to matters I might attend to for you. I retain among 
your money the $45 inclosed in one of them. I have not 
answered either of them. 

Instead of the resumed war spirit which the Riclnnond 
papers represent as having sprung up about Richmond, 
dispondcncy prevails in Uiis community. 

All well. 

From J. M. WoHh. 
AsHEBOBO N. C. Feby 16th 1S65. 
^doi^'ooiint There is no spot upon this earth moro completely sub- 
of^miXhy^JJ^ jugMtcd thttu Randolph County. There is not a day or 
dcMrton. night passcs but what some one is robbed of all the parties 

can carry away. They are in bands in nearly all parts 
of the County unless it is stopped we shall be uttterly used 
up. Afy object in writing is to suggest whether some ar- 
rangement cannot 1)c made with the military authorities 
to offer the Ixjtter class of the deserters some terms if they 
will organise and drive the robbers from the country or 
exterminate them. In a late call for the Home Guards 
many failed to appear and what did come up disbanded 
immediately on finding that Gcnl Qatlin declined to fur- 
nish rations for them. I am fearful that they will not 
come up for reorganization. Many of them arc afraid an<l 
many more are in heart with the deserters. I do hope that 


Bonicthiiig may bo done. It is a horrible conditiou. There 
never has been any efficient head to the efforts to put the 
\\\u\g down. I^ntely sonic cavalry was sent here from Cas- 
well and placed under the command of the enrolling offi- 
cer who never leaves his office. In a few days a Major or 
Capt. Pryor was put in command. He went to Montgomery 
for a few days and left for Salisbury, the Cavalry was di- 
videdy part sent to Chtitliani nud (hereby the whole nuulo 
entirely inefficient, and so it is all the time. JNow what I 
want is something like this: let the Home Guard for the 
County understand that if they will go to work and put 
(ihis thing down and keep them down that they will be 
allowed to stay at home and if possible to get permission 
to make some terms with the better class of the Deserters 
and if possible to get a better officer than Bush at the 
head of the concern — unless we get some such thing we 
are utterly used up. The deserters that are in the woods 
will never be worth a — unless they return voluntarily 
ivhich they will never do. I feel that I cannot possibly 
inako you appreciate our horrible condition. I have 
studied the matter in all its views and I know that notli- 
ing but a hirger force thnn we can got or some terms with 
the Home Guard and the better class of deserters will 
»ave us from utter ruin. It is terrible to have to offer 
terms to Deserters but it would relieve the County and 
State of great trouble and save life and property and allow 
the citizens a quiet sleep. I hope you may have time to 
talk to somebody — ^the Gov. and Genl Gatlin and perhaps 
Genl Holmes. The subject occupies my chief thought and 
is of the utmost importance to the whole citizens of this 
County it would talce a full blast from Gabriel's horn to 
bring life and a war spirit into them. The deserters arc 
fo bold as to frequent the Public Roads and have friends 
that visit this and all other places and keep them informed 
on all subjects at all times. Help if you can to devise 
ways for our relief. 

360 NoBTH Carolina Historioal Commission. 

To David L. Swain.^ 

Raleigh Feb. 18th 1865. 
ReganiinKthe Yours of the 13th iust. is received. 

gitt or a goologlcal : 

gkb^ettotbo [ saw Mr. Kerr soon after I wrote you on the lOth 

tnsit and was gratified to find that he highly approved of 
the act giving the Ceolpgical cabinet to the State. I have 
takeji an active part in bringing about the act with the 
double of object of making a vacant room for Mr. Brog- 
den and of placing this valuable mineralogieal collection 
where it would be prized and taken care of, and where 
it would be likely to do most good. It encountered vio- 
lent opposition from Mr. Brogden and drew from him a 
silly, unbecoming and offensive communication to the 
Senate. It is manifest to any man of common sonse that 
in my crowded room, which is now a great bunking housr, 
that the duties cannot be safely conducted to say nothing 
of the uncomfortable condition of my clerks and the un- 
dignified necessity I am under of holding all my confer- 
ences with the Comrs. of the Sinking Fund, Com. of Fi- 
nance and others in the presence of my clerical force and 
every body else having business in the Treasury. I have 
to conduct the not inconsiderable correspondence of my 
office, subject to continual interruption. Mr. B. chose 
to attribute my desire to have another room to mere pride 
and ^'grandness" as he expresses it. I was gratified that 
you and the Geologist approved and were pleased with 
the transfer of this Cabinet to the University. 

Mr. Kerr immediately, in company with Mr. Emerson, 
examined the (Cabinet, and found as I ex|HHr(ed, nniny of 
the labels lost — and that it would require much time to 
replace them and pack them in proper order for trans- 

* David L. Swain was a member of the House of Ck)mmon8 from 
Buncombe county in 1821, 1825, 1826, 1828, and 1829. In 1827 he was 
elected Solicitor of the Edenton District. In 1830 he became a Supe- 
rior Court Judge, and two years later, (lovomor of the State. In 1835 
he was sent to the Constitutional Convention, and the same year 
made Pre^identof the State University, where he remained until 1868. 


portntion. lie could not stay to do it, but promised to 
return as early as possible and put it in order for removal. 
He thought he could not come short of four weeks. I re- 
gret the delay. He seemed to undertake it with alacrity. 
There will be no difficulty with the auditor. The State 
will pay all expenses. 

I now think, owing to the want of bridges over Haw 
l{lv<»r, Dwortcrs, etc. — that some of you had better go up 
to Cedar Falls — ^get your goods put up — and after con- 
ference with Mr. Makepeace, send a wagon for it — or 
get him to have it hauled to High Point. He is a good 
and sensible man, with an aversion to writing which makes 
it impossible to convent measures with him by correspond- 
once. If you cannot do this (which I think is the best 
way) I suggest that you get S. S. Jackson to attend to it 
for you. 

It is understood here that Sherman occupies Columbia. 
He appears to march on without hindrance. Nearly all 
the gold of the Soutli, belonging to the Banks, is in Char- 
lotto, which I fear will attract the enemy. The prospect, 
military and political, has nothing cheering in it. The 
renewed war spirit exhibits itself only in speeches and 
resolutions. Despondency and gloom are the prevailing 


To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleioii^ Feb. 19/66. 

Sherman occupied Columbia, He seems to meet no S!^1^iSM?fth!? 
hindrance in his march. The war seems to be rapidly 
tending to the most disastrous catastrophe. The humili- 
ating terms exacted by Lincoln, more humiliating than 
subjugation, so far as I can see, have produced no re- 
newed spirit of resistance, except the noise of war meet- 
ings held by bomb proofs. The country is now subjugated 
in spirit. If the army, with its present strength, cannot 
win an important victory, the country is vanquished, and 

862 NoBTH Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

immediate emancipation and sweeping confiscation will 
follow. Under these circumstances, the country would be 
roused but for the bitter hatred they feel toward our own 
rulers. They feel as Milton represents Satan: ^^ Which 
way I fly is death" etc. 

The Genl. Assembly gave me a gratifying evidence of 
respect in giving me Brogden's room. He addressed a 
silly and offensive remonstrance against it to the Senate. 

The increase in my salary,^ though comparatively lib- 
eraly still loaves my pay outrageously innd(>(|Ufltc. It is 
not equivalent to $120 a year specie. Levi Cook, with 
one arm, asks me $150 a year to oversee for Koxana. 

I fear you will find your ingenuity taxed to provide 
for your family this year. It takes all my income, of 
which my salary is not one-fourth, to support us. 

From J. M. Worth. 

AsHEBOBo, N. C. Feby fBOth 1865. 

I send to High Point to-day one bale 600-^ sheeting 
directing Sullivan to send it by first chance by freight or 
Express. The yam was not gone a few days ago. I am 
doing all I can to get your goods through — will send the 
other bale in a few days. 

[P. S.] — I am anxious to hear from you whenever you 
learn any thing reliable on the Peace subject. 

' His salary had lately been increased largely but as it was in Con- 
federate money he was not greatly benefited. 


From Lewis Ilnucs^ 
Ci-EMMONSviLLB, N. C. Fehy. 20th 1866. 

Just bcfoi-e leaving Kalcigh I called on Mr. Cowles to erai^LS^s^fettSon 
whom I had loaned it, for Qenl. Lee's l6tter on the subject ^^^^^^^^^^ 
of arming and freeing the uegroes. He informed me that 
he had left it at your house and as I have never seen it 
since, I suppose it is still in your possession. 

S. Jb\ Phillips Esqr has written to me for a copy of it, 
and I have directed him to go to you and get the letter, 
take a copy and send me ihe original, so that if he makes 
application for it you will let him have it, or if it is not 
too much trouble you may mail it to him at once, after 
letting Mr. lloldcn take a copy which he has requested 
of mo. Tell Mr. lloldcn for me if you please, that as I 
was forbidden to do so, I cannot give my consent to its 

From D. 0. WoHh. 

Wilmington, N. 0. Feby. SOth 1866. 

1 have purchased the Rickett mules at $5000 for mules vm^n|Sl!f^ 
wagon and gears. I enclose an order on Major Devereux 
for their delivery to you. 

We are to all appearance on the very eve of evacuation. 
The enemy are either six miles of town both by land and 
water. T fear there will be awful scenes here during the 
evacuation and occupation. There are 5 or 600 thousand 
Yankee prisoners here who were brought here for ex- 
change. I see nothing doing in the way of exchange. I 
fear the enemy will get here and release them before any- 
flijiig is done. If they do, the result will be terrible to 
the town. 

* Lewis Manes, of Davidson county, an editor and close friend of 
Worth. He was elected to Cbng^ress in 1866 but was not seated. He 
took strong ground during the war In favor of peace. 


864 North Cabolina Historical Commission. 

I shall not leave till the last moment. I have charged 
the above $5000. to you on Worth & Co.'s Books. 

To John M. WoHh. 

Raleigh, Feb. 20th 1805. 

ftppSSSon?? •"• ^^^^ ^^^ * ^"^' conference with the Govr. on the sub- 

gHSThlSi^nty. Ject of your letter. 

He says he will excuse the home-guard of Randolph 
from going into the field, on account of the defenceless 
condition of the County against the robbers and deserters, 
provided they will immediately reorganise — and all the 
efficient offiiecrs go to work with deterniiucil resolution to 
suppress the disturbances. 

He will author iso any person you may design to form 
a company of the better class of deserters to drive the rob- 
bers from the country or to exterminate them as you sug- 

You are the best judge of the plan to be adopted — ^but 
it seems to me there will be no reliance on any deserter.^ — 
and that the home guard will become efficient on the terms 
of being excused from the field. 

Whoever may be elected to command them should notify 
them that he will report every delinquent with the view 
that he be sent to the field. When you capture a dan- 
gerous deserter he should be turned over to the military 
autlioritics and the uauios of wituostu^s given by Avhoni 
some of his depredations can 1x5 prove<l. If proper at- 
tention be given to this some of them will be shot by order 
of a military court. — It will be very unsafe to put them 
to death after the Ben. Northcut mode. If the enemy 
subjugate us, or even if they do not, there is danger of 
prosecution after the war ends. 

The men who were employed at the State Salt Works, 
now at home on Furlough, will be protected from con- 


8criptiuiiy provided tliey joiu the home guard aud give 
au honest effort to taking up the robbers and rogues who 
infest the County. I am authorised to say this by the 
Oovr. They will probably be sent to the Va. Salt Works 
in May or June. 

Communicate freely with me and I will give you every 
assistance in my power to aid your object — ^but I cannot 
iipprovr Ihe (M>niitiitling of nnirder even on a felon, un- 
less it be done while he is in the act of committing the 

From 8, S. Jackson. 

AsiiEBOBo Feby Zlsl '66. 

Enclosed you will find the statement your suit receipted 
and returned. I spoke to Mr. Worth about the Bale of 
Sheeting, he sent it on way to be sent to High Point this 
morning. The times are getting still more gloomy to me. 
Mary Worth and Elvira send love to all and say that the 
girls nuist write. 
Mr. Worth to 

S. S. Jackson Dr. 

Cash of Tucker, Andrews & Co. for sheeting as 

per bill enclosed $8,739.20 

Cash due from Mary to Elvira 30.00 


By cash paid for tea $125. 

" amt retained for D. G. W. & 
Worth & Co. as per your letter of 

Feb. 14/G5 1 702.10 

''cash this day 7882.10 $8,709.20 

Received in full the above a/c. This the 21st of Feb- 
ruary 1865. S. S. Jackson. 

366 NoBTH Carolina Historioal Commission. 

Prom 8, 8. Jachsofi. 
AsHEBOBo^ N. C. February 25th 1865. 

£ndoiph"JSinty. ^^^ Worth wants you to let her know, whenever you 

may think, that there is danger of her being cut off from 
home by the enemy, either from the West or East. We 
are all beginning to fear greatly that the State will be 
overrun-. There has been no mail to tliis place in 8everal 
Days. No trains passing High Point. We hear, how- 
ever, that the onomy are in Charlotte, Wilmington, and 

The deserters are getting bold and defiant. They had a 
fight late last night with our Cavalry. The (D ) killed 
one dead wounded another mortally and one other slightly. 
Tliey are here in eonsidcrnblo .nnnil)or8 and T l(».nrn are 
coming from the army. I would be obliged if you would 
make inquiry and soo wliotlior I i\m\ buy #$2000 in Con- 
fed. 7 per cent bonds with .all the Coupons on them. I 
would like that there should be several of them $100. 

Prom J. J. Jackson. 

PiTTSBORo, Peby 27th/65. 

Yours of tlio 10th inst ronchod lioro wh(jii T was at Det^p 
liiver. I regret exceedingly I bought the corn for specie. 
But it was done in pursuance of your instructions. I 
have referred to your letter. I have referred to my esti- 
mate and find the corn valuc<l a fraction over $22. per 
bushel. I gave in your cured hay 6000 lbs. The A 
600 valued at $33. being $5.50 per hundred. Your wool 
22 lbs. The A 2 ^ valued at $17.60 being nearly $8. 
per pound. Your rye 15 bushels the A l f J the whole 
valued at $15. We are well as usual. 


From John M. Worth. 

AsHEBOBO N. C. Feby. gSth ^65. 


Since I wrote you the Deserters attacked the Cavalry ^^S^cSant^' 
at their Camp at Julian X Roads on Sandy Creek killing 
two of them. They were there to protect the Tithes col- 
lecting at that place. The supporting force, a part of the 
f«)rco for tho 01 h Congressional district at this place under 
the command of Capt. l^illy of Anson on hearing of the 
battle at Julians ran off from here without orders and left 
about 100 Guns without any protection. Last Friday was 
the day for the Home Guards to organise. It was a bad 
day and was as I expected. There was not one 5tli of 
them here, lilajor Hush received orders that day that they 
should stay at home if they promptly organised, etc. and 
sent word all over tlie County that the deserters not en- 
gaged in robbery would be let alone if they would help 
put down the Robbers and fixed another day — next Sat- 
urday — what effect it will have is yet to be seen. Nearly 
every one is disposed to stand hands off and unless the 
nuissc*8 encourage the Homo Guards it will be another fail- 
ure and I am afraid that every body has become cowards. 
Wo liuvi; just got a new Enrolling officer Cato Brown — 
fresh in all the duties appertaining to his office — and I 
am afraid the hardest case we have ever had, he wants to 
do his duty — if he but knew it. If we fail with our pres- 
ent attempt I shall be at the end of my string. If I could 
gi»t away I would leavo the County — ^but that being out 
of the question I shall have to face tho trouble as mat- 
ters nmv stand. I could not leave home. I still intend 
to go to Chatham. Mrs. Jordan don't intend to leave 
Ihnt place and T am afraid the old man is never going 
the deserters are having their own way do\vn there — at 
present it is unsafe to send any meat or anything else ' 
from here there. I had a waggon robbed of 4 bbls salt 
near the burnt mill on Saturday. I will not trouble with 
further details. I sent you the other Bale of sheeting 

868 North Cabolina Histobioat^ Commission. 

last week to High Point 628 yds. I omitted to charge 
the first Bale and don't know the number of yds. It 
was over 600. If you have it report it to me. I made a 
full effort for Coltrain's mules and nothing but the specie 
would do or enough of something else that would get the 
Specie. Hugh McCane Jun. offers to sell a pair of small 
mules; they are good but small. 

To John M. WoHh. 

Raleigh^ Mar. 1st 1865. 
pewrteninRan- You describe the deserters in Randolpli under two 

dolpb connty. ^ ' ^ ^ 

classes — the one coiiceuling theiusclves and thus avoiding 
the field, from the want of courage or religious scruples. 
This class you say do uo mischief au<l would do no good 
or would escape to the enemy if captured and sent to the 
army: — the other class consisting of lawless desperadoes 
who rob promiscuously and occasionally commit murder 
and other outrages to justify malignant feeling or get 

The former class know much of the hiding places and 
plans of the latter, and could furnish information by 
which these lawless bandits could be captured, and this 
information you think they would impart if they had 
some assurance that their disertion would l)c winked at by 
the authorities. — 

You say that theao Inwloss mc^n, wh(Mi cnpturod and 
turned over to the Civil or Military authorities, are not 
punished, but generally are allowed to escape and return 
with increased malis^ity, and you therefore think that 
self preservation requires that they be summarily executed, 
whenever captured without form of trial. 

You say that many of the Home Guard were robbed 
when they were out of the county in service — and that 
consequently when they were last called out many of 
them refused to resjiond to the call, and those who as- 


Kciiiblcil, for want of rations and because their comrades 
did infest tlieni, returned home. I further imderstand 
that they have not been organised under the recent act. 
You think they would reorganise and elect officers and 
go vigorously to work to exterminate these lawless men, 
provided they were assured that they would be allowed to 
roninin in, the County for this purpose, and were sup- 
jdied witli rations. 

Another suggestion you make is that the enrolling offi- 
cers be of age and discretion and sober habits — and not a 
boy, — be sent to the County, conniving at the class of 

You think if these suggestions of yours can be carried 
out that order can be restored in the County. 

I have recited your suggestions because I pro|H)se to 
submit this letter to the Govr. and perhaps to Qenl. Holmes 
with the hope of getting them to endorse their approval 
of such of them as they may think deserving it. 

Whatever may be the personal views of the Govr. and 
Qenl Holmes, you cannot expect their official approval of 
shooting these robbers and murderers after they may be 
captured and prisonoi's. Surely the military tribunals by 
this time see the necessity of ridding the country of such 
men by summary military trial. 

I entertain no doubt, owing to the terrible state of 
things in the County, but that the Govr, will readily as- 
sent to the Home Guards staying at home, upon the con- 
ditions that they immediately organise, elect efficient offi- 
cer and go immediately to work in real earnest to cap- 
ture or expel the vicious deserters. 

As to the rations, T learn from the Adgt. Genl that the 
r(Mpiisiti<ms of tlio Qr. Master will 1x5 met for money, but ^^1^ 

rations cannot be sent. The Qr. Master must provide the 
substance or the men furnish their supplies and receive 
compensation in money. 

As to conniving at the class of deserters who are doing 

360 North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

no mischief and who would do no good as soldiers on the 
condition of their betraying the vicious ones, I do not 
suppose actual instructions to this effect could issue — but 
as it seems to be tlie only effective plan of accomplishing 
the object, your officers, I presume, would hazard nothing 
in trying the plan. 



Ex. Office 

Raleigh March i, 1866. 

I have read this letter and approve the suggestions it 
contains. If the H. G. will organize promptly, elect loyal 
and etticieut otticors, I will order thoin able to remain at 
home to protect and arrest deserters and will send 200 good 
troops to their aid — but the citizens must show u disposi- 
tion to help themselves. No half way business will suit 
me. If you are unwilling to risk any thing in your own 
defence I shall not take troops from the front to protect 
them. I shall also send in a few days an officer there with 
authority to enlist 200 of the Ix^ttcr class of deserters who 
shall receive my protection and will place as condition that 
they clear their county of the others and heep it clear. 
I hope for your assistance in the matter. 

Respt Z. B. Vance, 

To J, J, JacksoiK 

Raleigh, Mar. 1/65. 

The information here leaves the impression that Sher- 
man is advancing by way of Cheraw, Fayetteville and 
this place. Beauregard and Jo Johnston have their head- 
quarters in Charlotte. 

The general opinion here is that Lee will shortly evacu- 
ate Petersburgh. I do not hear that Richmond is to be 
evacuated. The rumor may have no foundation. 



David' left Wilmiugtou one day before the army occu- 
pied the place and came here via Fayettesville. His wife 
and children remained. He said she preferred to remain 
as did about all the rest of the inhabitants. The Rev. 
Hepburn staid in the house with her. She bore it heroic- 

I am full of cares and duties and have no time to say 

To J. J. Jackson, 

Raleigh^ March 2nd 1866. 

I have this day paid my tithes of com 21 bushels and 
one bushel and 34 lbs. more com in lieu of the 1-^^ bu. 
of rye — and hold the receipt of the tithes collector here. 

lie says he has the right to receive the com in commu- 
tation of the rye. 

. The Fayetteville factories are all burned and the arsenal 
blown up. 

[P. S.] — The enemy cross the C[ape] F[car] twelve 
luilos this sido of Fnyottoville — at lonst part of the nrmj. 
Our opposing forces are at Summerville, all consternation 

From ' 

Kkkd Creek, N. C. March 2nd 1866. 

Is it possible for anything to be done to arrest the rob- StrMfS^aiffirB in 
bers in our county. They will ruin us all if something is R«"«>oiph county, 
not speedily done. Can you not use your influence with 
our Gov. to make some attempt. Our house tonight is a 
scene of confusion. Every thing is torn to pieces. My 
dear father's safe broken and a large amount of money 
taken, licsidcs so many other things that it is impossible to 

' David G. Wortii. 

''From some member of I. H. Foust's family. 

862 NoBTH Cabolina Histobioai^ Commission. 

ennumerate. When the widow and orphans are thus 
treated (when no provocation has been given even) what 
can we expect. Do not let a human being know this let- 
ter was written. 

I will not even sign my name. 

To J, J, Jackson. 

ItALKiQii, Mar. Jiili 1805. 

I have not a bu. here, nor 20 days supply of flour. 1 
would have not exceeding 20 bu. sent to the R. R. I pre- 
fer that the balance l)e carried to Pittslx^ro — for the rca- 
8on that I have reason to believe that Lee will evacuate 
Richmond and IVtoi'sburg and lojive all N. (% VawX of 
Qreensboro to the occupation of the enemy. The guage of 
the N. C. R. R. from Charlotte this way is being changed 
to conform to the S. C. R. R. and the Road from Danville 
to Richmond. 1000 hands are employed in this and the 
work is nearly completed from Charlotte to Salisbury. T 
deem Pittsboro the safest place in my knowledge. If you 
will undertake to have these views carried out, take as 
much of the wheat as you would charge a stranger for 
your trouble. 

dolph county. 


\ From S. S. JaekHou^ 

AsiiEBOuo^ Mar 4th 1SG6. 
DoKrtera In Ran- Nififht before last about 60 Deserters went to Mrs. I. H. 

nnlnh nonntv. O 

Foust's broke open the safe with axes, and got about $1000. 
in Specie — al)out $7000. in Confed. money, aliout $0000. 
in Rank notes and a goinl deal in State Treasury notes — 1 
Barrel of Sugar, leather and various other articles. T.KX!ked 
Mrs. Foust and Sallie up in a room while the plundering 
was going on. They took off all the keys. They went to 


Alfred Sinitli^s sjiiiic night ftiul took 70 pieces of meat; 
Smith got 20 pieces back by giving some Brandy. Rob- 
bing np tins way is becoming a daily o(!cnrrcnce. I learn 
tliis morning that there are about 700 troops at High Point 
from Gen. Lee's army headed by Col. McAlister, supposed 
to be coming this way for the purpose of shooting down 
and catching them. I learned also, confidentially, that 
there is a letter hero in the Post OtHco at this plawj, di- 
rected to the "Provost Marshal of Randolph County, N. 
C." What this means / don't know. I got a letter in con- 
fidence last night from a member of Congress at Rich- 
mond, and here are his words which I commimicate to 
you in confidence. "That the thing is up with us and so 
regarded and admitted privately by every thinking man 
and many of the Jeflf Davis extreme Secessionists. It is 
obliged to be so and the sooner we go back the better. It 
is perhaps too late now to save the negro. Certainly so 
unless an early move is made — but ten of thousands of 
precious lives and loss of all property, and ruin and bank- 
niptcy and at last, whipped back will probably be our fate 
by holding on (if i)erchance we can possibly do so) six 
months longer." All this 1 say to you in the strictest con- 

Our little boy is doing quite well. Elvira and Mrs. . 

Worth have concluded that he favors Judge Murphy and 
T hope he may be half such a man. We are all well. Mrs. 
AVortli has received no letter from you as yet. All send 

From J, M. Worth. 

Abiikhoko N. C. March Glh 1S66. 
I reed your letter with the Gov.'s endorsement. Alex. Asking for offlcera 

, , to take charge of 

^[cAlister is here with 600 men. Ask the Gov. to send deserters, 
at once the ofilcers to take charge of the Deserters so that 
the}' may co-operate and the thing may be done. We have 

864 NoBTH Cabolina Hibtobioal Commission. 

positive information of Sherman's Cavalry crossing the 
Peedee on Saturday at Dumas Ferry, if they come this 
way will be here in a day or two — ^we are not advised as 
to the number. I send this to High Point to-day. 


From J. M. Worth. 

AsHEBOBO !N. C. March 9th 1865. 

offlcer'touke ^ want to Urge with all my power I can that Gov. Vance 

Seserten?^ ^^^ ^ ™^^ ^^ promised to take charge of what I have 

been calling the better class of deserters. If he does not 
do it we are gone. The army that is here cannot submit 
The County is full of all sorts of folks moving from Sher- 
man and we are being swallowed up. If the Qov. will 
send at once a man authorized to enlist the deserters I 
shall still have a little hope except I am bothered with all 
sorts of trouble sick, wounded and hungry, robbers and 
Rangers and every other sort of trouble. If the Grov. will 
send the man promised now all the wavering would be 
driven in by the forces here and then they could lie scut 
away. I have no time to write more. 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleiqti March 11/65. 

I'lio information rccciviMl hcu'o and l)eliovod is that 
Fayetteville is to be evacuated and is probably now occu- 
pied by the enemy. From the Clerk having the care in 
Richmond of valuable papers belonging to the State I 
learned that he and all other public officers are ordered to 
pack up all their papers in readiness for removal. Said to 
be out of mere caution but probably looking to evacuation. 

I was about to send my wagons up fearing that you 


iiii^lit not \h\ able to }»;t»t my wheat away from Oauc Creek. 
On reflection I think I should be more likely to lose my 
teams than to save my wheat. If it be not got off from 
Cane Creek, I shall lose it all. Try to save it if you can 
and keep as much as will satisfy you. Exercise the wisest 

I have got leave to pay my tithe corn and rye and wool 
here. ]x»t tho 26 bushels of corn you brought remain 
where it is unless you deem it safer to remove or to resell 
it for specie. 

I have awful responsibility — am calm and doing the 
best I can. 

Cbathom county. 

From J. J. Jacksofu 

PiTTSBORO, N. C. March 12th 18G5. 

Your letter came to hand when I was away on Deep J^J^S^^JST'o." 
River. I found it here when I returned on Friday even- 
ing. I had been to the River for several days shucking 
and shelling out corn to bring up here. I thought it would 
be greatly exposed on the South side of the River and 
wi8h(Ml if possible to got some up hero for bread. 1 have 
brought off 7 barrels, and if there is no rain on this place 
and it is not destroyed, I may have bread until the sum- 
mer. I have since had it brought away. I immediately 
wcMit out to try to find waggons to bring down your wheat 
and thought 1 had engaged one. But the Homo Guards 
being ordered to come here to-morrow I failed in getting 
him. Tho roads are in wretched condition and I failed 
in getting anyone. I was going up to-morrow but have to 
leave with the II. G.s.^ I have written to Alfred Lindly 
an<I if he will not haul it, I may get some one else when 
the roads dry off and I rotuni. People in the community 
are trying to hide their provisions, expecting the enemy or 
the deserters. It is hard to tell where the safest place is. 

' Home Guards. 

866 NoBTii Oaboliita Histobioal Commission. 

There are 100 cavalry here now — they are in the ohl 
academy in my stable lot and in the end room of Briny's 
House and the Col. T. Folk and Capt. Council arc stay- 
ing with us in the office. I found them here when I got 
back. The Court House is full of them. Folk savs he 
knows you very well. Served with you in the Legisla- 
ture. Every thing is in confusion although they are a 
remarkably well behaved set of men. Lucy told them 
they could occupy the end room of Briny's house if tliere 
was no drunkenness, etc. etc. I will do the bcst*I can 
with your wheat But am so tied up that I can't leave for 
Cane Creek. 

We got no news last night, only a report that the enemy 
were at Carthage and expected on Deep Biver and the 
coal fields. Love to all. 

P. S. — By the provisions of the late act I am bound 
to do Home Guard duty in the County. I am satisfied it 
will be a hard and exceedingly dangerous duty, but it 
can't be helped. 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Rat.ktou, Mar. IS/ 65. 
TheadTMiceor Favettcville is occupied by the enemv. Bracff is re- 

SheniiAn*fl army. •' . .* oo 

tt*"*?Bji!iSlto" treating. Goldsboro being evacuated. Kinston probably 

occupied. The public stores are being removed from here. 
The Council of State meet to-da^ to decide which or 
wliethor all the Executive officer:? shall remove juid tt> 
what point. The Gov. favors Statesville, and so the Coun- 
cil will probably decide. I think after the valuables are 
removed that I and the other State officers whose duties 
are purely civil, ought to remain here for the protection 
of the capitol. The Gov., 1 think, docs not agree with me, 
and the Council will probably let him do their thinking. 
If I am ordered to leave I may go, but my convictions of 
duty to my State and to my family may take precedence 
to their orders. They have no legal right to order me. 


All sonsiblo men know the days of miracles are past — 
and that nothing bnt a miracle can save ns. The contin- 
uance of the contest, without a miracle, is but to add to 
the hecatombs of slain and further destruction of property. 

This is probably the last letter I shall be able to send 

I am self possessed and putting all my affairs. State and 
porsonnl, in the Inrst posture I can. 

All well, 

To 8. 8. Jackson. 

Bai^ioh, Mar, H/66. 

Dnvid waf» at Roxnna's Suuday night A small party cSlIaJJriiSd" 
of mounted Yankees apj>eared tliere in the afternoon. It «o"n'y- 
being understood that they captured all men able to bear 
arms, at Roxana's earnest request, when they appeared in 
sight, David took to the bushes. They took 6 of her 
horses and mules, telling Uie negroes they would burn the 
house if they didn't bring up all the mules. They brought 
up all lliry <!<>ul«l. Six wero awny. These, I fear, they 
have got since. 1). left at 9 o'clock Sunday night. They 
robbed Jack Williams and Dr. Williams. They went south 
of Little River Sunday night. I fear they returned Mon- 
day morning and robbed R. of the balance of her mules 
and corn cfc. They took but little of her bacon. 

They took four of the negroes, Jim, Frank, Jesse, and 
young Sam to hel]) them off with the horses, promising to 
send them back. Sam was in the rear. The Yankee with 
him alighted to burn the bridge toward Bettie Walker's. 
Refore ho got it on fire some concoalwl person shot him, 
wouiuling but not killing. The Yankees mounted and 
fled and Sam dismounted and ran home. The horse came 

The negroes were faithful. Dr. Williams took the 
bushes. The Yankees frightened his wife, made her dis- 

368 North Cabouna Histobioal Commission. 

close the hiding places of her valuables, stole them and 
departed. The Dr. came in, took his wife and children 
in the carriage and abandoned his house, furniture, ne- 
groes, and everything. David left them 8 miles from 
here last night, his wife nearly a maniac. 1 fear they 
will be here to quarter on me. 

The best information here leads to the conclusion that 
Sherman's main army will pass east of here — probably by 
Goldsboro. You are probably safe except from domestic 

March 15, 

•Failed to finish, but overwhelmed with care. Nothing 
further from Roxana's, except that the Yankee raiding 
parties are this side of her. I suppose she is stripped 
ontiroly of mules and provisions. Tmnionsc forces hero 
and below here — and still they come. If the troops will 
fight Johnston will arrest Sherman — and they will figlit 
under him if they will fight at all. 

Yours of the 12 is received. I thought it probable you 
would be able to do nothing as to my wheat. 

If, as is still believed by our military men, Sherman's 
main army passes east of here, Chatham will escape, and 
then save my wheat if you can. 

All well. 

Beauregard arrived here yesterday. Dick Taylor and 
his command expected. A vast force is accumulating 
under Johnston's command. 

From Elvira Worth Jackson to Mrs. Worth. 

AsHEBOBo^ March 16 1865. 

We have had more peaceable times with the deserters 
since you loft. I hear of no robbing l)cing committed 
since these troops came in, and a large number of cavalry 
and wagons, etc. have passed here on their way to Raleigh. 
You ought to have seen us hiding meat, com, etc. the other 


<lay. \Vc heard that 4000 Cavalry were to i>a88 here and 
we knew if they <lid we woiihl he eaten out. aH(! so we went 
to hiding hay and provisions. Fortunately for ns the 
Cavalry turned off and went by Thoniasville. We ex- 
pected a train of 150 wagons a day or two ago and they 
turned off at Page's toll house and went to Franklinsville, 
and y(»s^fenlny KM) (^nvalry and 100 waf;;onH passed h(»r(^ 
and they went to the same [ihiee. 1 guess they are al)out 
eat out at tlie Factory now. I hoix* you will write to nie 
as long as there is any eonnnunication for I shall con- 
tinually be uneasy. AVilliani Stanton arrived here from 
Fayetteville yesterday — says Uncle B. G. Worth's house, 
barn, provisions, etc. were all destroyed — Is it not hor- 
rible — said brother Avas at Roxana's. I hope he may 
escape. Don't you suppose Sis Julia is in the greatest 
trouble about him ? Not knowing Avhere he is, etc. Rox- 
ana had not been pressed for pro^'isions up to that time. 
Uncle Addison said he intended to stay and tough it out.* 
PittslK>ro is full to overflowing wnth refugees from Fay- 
<!tteville. 1 think it is getting time now for this war to 
cease. Tt will never be settled by the sword. Peace now 
wonhl Ih> nnH'o acceptable to the iKM>ple than all the wealth 
of the world even a peace on Lincoln's terms. I fully 
concur with the great Dr. Franklin that ''there never was 
a good war or a bad peace. ♦ 

From S. S. Jackson. 

AsiiEBORo^ March 16 1866. 
Your letter of the 1'3th has been received and it makes us conditions in 


all feel so bad to think that all will soon be in the enemies co"n*y- 
lines, or in the midst of large and hostile armies that 
must desolate aiul destroy the whole country — ^Would it 
not be best for all or a part of the family to come up here 
and stay with vsf If you think it best we would like so 



370 North Oabolina Historioal. Commission. 

much for them to come up and remain with us during the 
trouble. We have alarming accounts from Fayette. Wm. 
Stanton came up by Sister Soxana's on Saturday. David 
was there. He didn't think that any provisions, etc had 
keen impressed from her at that time. He came out of 
Fayette on erne side as the enemy came in on the other. 
B. G. Worth's property was all burned in the country — 
dwelling, barns, forage, etc. J. A. Worth is going to re- 
main. The enemy arrested Col. Walter L. Steele and 
other prominent men in the route and drove them into 
Fayette before them bare footed and in their shirt and 
drawers. Our forces burned the bridge at Fayette. The 
enemy destroyed all the Factories. Burned the store, 
dwelling and Factory of Murchison. Took off all his ne- 
groes; and tlioy say made Mose Murchison ride iiiU» 
Fayette on a mule. Our army took all the provisions that 
McDiarmid had and left the people in Fayette only throe 
months rations allowanced them. £. J. Hale and son are 
in Pittsboro. They didn't get off the Printing Press — 
and a great many other refugees are there. It is reported 
that a part of Sherman's army is moving up the Coal 
Field R. R. 

A wagon train and cavalry are continually passing 
through this place and the neighborhood on their way to 
Raleigh, as they say, pressing horses, forage, etc. 

If you have the time vn'ite us how things are getting 
on — whether there will be a st4md at Raleigh and how 
many troops we have, when Bragg forms a junction with 
Johnston ; and if you have not tlio time we hopo^ono of the 
girls will write. 

I hope you will remain at home if the authorities will 
permit it and think about the girls coming up here and 
let me know if you think it best, they had better come 
right away. 

Correspondence oy Jonathan Worth. 371 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleioii^ Mar. £0/66. 

We have no more reliable account of the jGight near Tbeflghtat 
Aver jsboro than that you will see in this day's paper. All 
accounts represent that we gained a large advantage. Only 
Hardee's corps was engaged, which, under Johnston's 
onlors, fell back during the night to get a better situation 
and fight again. From the humblest soldier to the high- 
est officer the most undoubting confidence is reposed in 
Johnston. Our men are confident under his lead. He 
seems to be the Greene of old. 

We are all packed up — I mean the officers of State, and 
ready to fly. My family will remain here. It is unde- 
cided where we will go. I hope however, and my hope 
amounts almost to a belief, that the city will not be taken. 
Johnston has an immense force and Sherman is confront- 
ing him near Smithfield. Unless Johnston should risk a 
general battle and sustain defeat, Raleigh will not immedi- 
aloly fall.- 

Humors believed to be reliable, coming from various 
sources represent heavy fighting yesterday and a resump- 
tion before day this morning. Wounded soldiers who ^ 
came up on the train say the sound of the cannonade re- 
ceded from the road, from which they infer that the enemy 
was licing driven back. 

I • 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleigh, Mar. 21/66. 
For the double purpose of securing my horses and mules Preimmtiongfor 

^ SocnnAn 8 vmy. 

and saving my wheat etc. at Cane Creek, under a passport 
from the Gov. and David's convoy my wagons will leave 
here to-morrow morning and will go to Pittsboro via Hay- 
wood, if he deem it safe, and go down to advise and assist 


North Oabolina Histobioal Commission. 

Boxana. Persons who live in the line of march of cither 
army generally lose all their horses. I know Roxaua has 
lost half of hers and presume she has lost all. If I lose 
mine we shall be ruined. I wish them detained in your 
care and kept out of the line of nuirch of the enoiuy until 
Sherman shall be repulsed or shall have passed us. Should 
they be detained for some time, I hope they can be em- 
ployed in some way to cover expenses — possibly sent to 
plow at Roxana'fi if there is no further danger there. I 
ho])e Dnvis will Im able to couiniuui(!ute with ytMi. 

1 deem everylhing of mine very iusi'cure ihero and want 
all but the hay taken to Pittsboro. I shall have to ask 
you to go with them. They will have to make two trips 
unless you can hire help. 

1 will write you every day as long as I can. I know 
not what hour I will have to fly. 

We have no reliable news for the past few days. The 
rumors are all favorable to our arms. All well. 

Plans to call State 
Gov. Qraham'a 

1^0 J. J. Jackson, 

Raleigh, Mar. 22/65. 

No reliable news from the army since the fight of Sun- 
day, excepting the uncertain information received by our 
wounded sent to this Hospital who report all our com- 
bats resulting in our favor. No general battle has oc- 
curred. We still have ho]>os this city will not bo cnjiturcil, 
but all heavy stores are removed and (he light ones ready 
and cars in waiting to remove those of the Treasury on 
brief notice. 

We may be able to check or repel the enemy for a few 
months — but all the Gulf States disregard the acts of con- 
scription, taxation, etc. — and the other States are mani- 
festly unable to maintain the contest long. The Presi- 
dent holds thiit he has power only to negotiate to preserve — 


not to nniiiliilatx3 llio Confcderncy. lie will negotiate only 
on the basis of independence — and sees that this is im- 
practicable, lie concedes the only reasonable hope of 
avoiding confiscation, pains and penalties — in short total 
ruin — is reunion, which on his theory, can be effected 
only by the separate action of the States in convention. 
With the connivance of the President and his cojid jntors, 
an cITort will Im^ nnide for the prompt calling of State 
conventions. This is being done by a sort of Congres- 
sional caucus. Gov. Vance has called his council. I do 
not doubt that our Qenl. A. will be immediately convoked 
and that they will take prompt measures for a convention. 
This is the only hope of saving anything from the wreck. 
Wc nniy nvoid further nbolitiini, confiscation, and prose- 
cutions for treason by this measure. 

I know confidentially that Gov. Graham deems the 
calling of a convention with a view to reunion on the best 
terms we can get. I hope your judgment will approve 
nnd that you will take your stand for it. I think it will 
be called by acclamation if the Assembly can get together 
in time. 

1^1 y wa":ons and horses will reach vou tomorrow to trv 
and secure my effects at Cane Creek. 

David started to T?oxana's today by way of Haywood. 
I have heard nothing from him since I wrote you. 

Awfully hurried. All well. 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleioji, Mar. Sl/65. 
T £»ot home at 2 o'clock this mornins; from Greensboro, 
Icnviiiii uiy df^rka in charge of the State valuables until ofslienimii^^*"*^* 
Shcrnunrs plans shall be developed. In what direction he "'™^' 
intends to move from Goldsboro is now deemed uncertain. 

Vftrions Items 

874 North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

I shall remain here until new. developments shall indicate 
where I ought to go and will write you every day. It ip 
generally believed that Sherman will not move on this 
city. As soon as this shall become certain I shall want 
my teams sent home and in the meantime, hope you can 
so employ them that they can save what they consume. 
If you have already sent them, it will be all right as I 
can send them off again if Sherman approaches. 

As to Roxana, Addison, and Barzillai, I enclose letter 
to mo from Adelaide giving all the reliable news 1 luivc!. 
I think we shall lose our boat. It is not burned but the 
Yankees have it. It is reported they will return it or pay 
for it. I do not credit this. All our boat hands went to 
the Yankees. 

A letter has got through from Julia. She has not boon 

Judge S — 's cowardice in not holding the court at Pitts- 
boro and Asheboro is criminal. It is an acknowledgment 
to the deserters that they have overawed the courts. There 
was no danger which would alarm a man not excessively 
timorous. Mr. Qilmer and I went to Court. Jurors, wit- 
nesses, and parties were not afraid to attend and were 
'*\ there. The cowardly conduct of the judge invites mob 

\ law. 

I We are beginning to see the natural fruits of civil wAr — 

thus far not more bitter than the history of the past led 
\ me to expect. If we can get through with life I shall 

feel grateful. 

Johnston's army is strong and still receiving heavy rein- 
forcements from the fragments of Hood's army, but Sher- 
man is in position to receive any amount of reinforce- 
ments and he will only move when he has a crushing force. 
We have nothing to rely upon but a miracle, and our 
statesmen exhibit their natural sagacity in relying on one. 

You inquire my views whether it would be "safe to 
buy a few thousand dollars worth of property and pay for 


it in Con. currency." The question is too general to enable 
nie to advise. If a man has the currency on hand beyond 
what lie needs for necessary expenses, I think it should 
be invested in the purchase of some property, or converted 
to specie. 

I shall feel extremely solicitous about Steve and Mack. 
If Lindsay does not protect them they will almost infallibly 
be robbed. 

I learn this evening from Adj. Gen. Gatlin that Stone- 
man with his cavalry has passed through Caldwell county, 
directing his course towards Wilkesboro. It is feared his 
object is to strike Salisbury or Greensboro or some other 
point where he may destroy our stores and cut off our com- 
munications. If his object be frustrated, Johnston's force 
must 1)0 essentially weakened. 

On the question of the immediate call of the Qevl. A., 
with the view of calling a convention, the Council (four 
members only being present) was equally divided. So 
the A. will not be called 

We are all well. 

To J. J, Jackson. 

Raleigh^ Apl. 1/66. P. M. i 

The Gov. received a dispatch today that Stoneman with i 

an estimated force of 3000 reached Wilkesboro via Cald- / 

well county on last Wednesday, supposed to be aiming to 
cut the Piedmont road. The Gov. thinks proper steps have 
been taken to frustrate the design. I think the measures 
are inadequate, if Stoneman's force is half as great as 

We have a telegram today that Grant attacked Bushrod 
Johnson's command yesterday and drove them 1^ miles, 
when Johnson was reinforced and drove them back with 
great slaughter beyond their first line, and captured 700 
prisoners. Our loss not stated. 


NoBTii Oabolina Histobigal Commission. 

All quiet about Ooldsboro. I am anxious to hear from 
Steve and Mack. 

Greensboro is now in more danger from Stoncman tliau 
Raleigh is from Sherman, as I think. 

All well. 

Conference at 
Portrew Monroe. 
Stoneman's raid. 

To J. J. Jackson, 

Ualkkjii, a pi 2/(irK r. M. 

No news to-day excepting an article in the N. Y. Herald 
that Lincoln and Seward were at Fortress Monroe meeting 
a new peace commission — ^^vhich I do not believe. We are 
too near whipped for Lincoln to treat on the basis of our 
Independence and Davis will not ti'cat on other terms. 

We have nothing new from Stoneman and only ]iresa 
tologranis as to the late fighlingnear Pclersbiirg on which 
little reliance can be placed. They represent Bushrod 
Johnson as being Rrst driven back 14 miles as being then 
reinforced and driving the enemy back with great slaugh- 
ter to and beyond the station from which he started. T 
am extremely anxious alxMit my team — have hoard nothing 
save your letter written about the time they started from 
your house to Cane Creek. 

All quiet alK>ut Goldslioro. 

Evacuation of 
Private alRilrB. 

To J. J. Jackson, 

Greensboro A pi. 3rd P. M. 

The report that Stoneman was at Huntsville and prob- 
ably marching on the place induced me to come here. Stone- 
man has move<l North towards Wytheville and thci places 
is now deemed safe. 

liichmond was evaonatod on Sunday after a bloo<ly bat- 
tle in which we lost many men. It is not known whether 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 377 

Iac is still at Petersburg but it is believed be is flying, but 
of course this is conjecture. 

Stoncnuin will certainly luove on llaleigb and almost 
<!ertainly capture it. If Lee escaped with a respectable 
part of his army I suppose all the State east of here will 
ije abandoned. If any oUier resistance can be made it 
must be by the junction of Johnson and in the mid- 
<llf» |M»rtions of lll(^ Stale. L<M)king to the want of sup- • . 
pHos tlio vast superiority of the enemies' forces and the ( ^ 
repugnance of the people to a furtlier resistance, there { 
is no ground of hope, save to those whose superstition sus- / 
tains them. 

If it were possible now I would have my team go home 
and take each a load of my most valuable property which 
rould Ih» best spared by the family, including some meat 
and com — and go with my hands to Roxana's and make 
a crop there. I feel certain that Raleigh will soon fall 
into the hards of the enemy. This however is imprac- 
ticable, unless David should come up and accompany the 
team. Tu this ease if the danger should not bo too press- 
ing the tt^ams should haul some wood before leaving and 
Stone should return with one horse to tend my lots and 
go bockwards and forwards to take care of my stock. 
Should David come up and approve the scheme, he should 
fake my new bellows and Smith tools and bury the anvil — 
and let .lo work in the sho)) at Uoxana's — If I jdnut a 
erop at Kaleigli 1 have little hope that [ would be allowed 
to cultivate it. 

This is the best scheme I can think of. If Roxnna has 
force enough to cultivate all her good land, it is probable 
that good land could be rented of somebody in that region 
who has lost his horses. 

If David comes up submit this scheme to him and if he 
npi)roves the general idea and can carry it out he may 
make such modifications as he thinks proper. 

Zylpha and Evander might tend a few acres of the best 
of my place, Steve and Julius doing the ploughing. 

378 North Cabolina Hibtobioai. Commissiom. 

I now feel exiled from home in real earnest. 
I am quite well — ^Dined to-day at Gov. Morehead's with 
Qenl. Beauregard. 

To J. J. Jackson, 

Gk££nsbcbo^ Apl 8/65. 

SS?3*of8h'e?' -'■ ^^^^ home last Sunday, to meet the threatened raid 
man's army. from Stoncman. On my arrival my Wiley went home. 

lie has just returned bringing up your letters. 1 had not 
heard a word from Stone and Mack until this morning. 
I hear from Mr. Wiley that it is not probable that Johnson 
will make a stand East of Raleigh. The place may fall 
into the hands of the enemy very soon. It is expected at 
any time. I have grown extremely anxious to have Stone 
and Mack go home with the view of sending my stock of 
horses and hands and as many of my valuables as we can 
spare to Boxana's and making a crop there, but I can do 
nothing till David comes with them and fear it will be 
too late. 

I go home to-night and will remain there till the enemy 
gets near. 

I have some 200 bu. of corn at Raleigh. I shall be 
unable to move it I will lend you a load if you need it 
and will send for it. It is shelled. You would have to 
come or send white man with your team. I am much hur- 
ried and have time only to say that little is known — ^noth- 
ing certainly — as to Txjo's army. There are reports hero 
that he has had another great fight and won a victory. The 
report is generally believed — ^but I can trace it to no re- 
liable source. If it be true it only postpones the catastro- 
phe, with the loss of thousands more of lives. 

It is indispensable to my plans that David come soiin 
to Raleigh with my teams. It will do no good for tlicni 
to come without him. I nnlontly hope T may find llioni 
at Raleigh when I get home. 


I have not heard of the 11 bii. of wheat used by Hanni- 
bal and I never thought of leaving the fan, or cornsheller. 
I am Avoll and as cheerful as possible. 

To J. J. Jacksoiu 

Raleigh^ Apt. 9/65. 

Tlie reports as to the immediate danger of this city are SjJSSjVied^n 
not well founded. I am just from an interview with the 
Governor, who returned yesterday from Gen. Johnston's 
headquarters. The signs are that Sherman will move very 
soon, but whether it will be for Raleigh or to unite with 
Grant is very uncertain. Johnston has ordered the burn- 
ing of the bridges over the Roanoke at Gaston and Wel- 
don, and the removal of all the food for man or beast lying 
between Goldsboro and those bridges. This indicates his 
belief that Sherman may move in that direction. If he 
move toward Raleigh, our army will probably fight behind 
temporary breastworks at every eligible place and retard, 
if unable to arrest, the advance of the enemy. 

In this state of affairs, I deem it best that Steve and JJlJi*® *'"'*"^ 
Mack come home at once. I have got my affairs so ar- f 

ranged that I shall not leave home again until the danger ; 

is near. In this event I could go with thom to Roxana's. 
In the meantime I could employ them to much advantage 
here. Lot them come at once. As to their load I can give 
no very precise directions. You liave not said, but I sup- 
pose they have hauled to Fittsboro my stack of oats and 
a part or all my stack of hay. I prefer that they bring 
the onts and as much whent as they can haul in addition 
to the oats. I hope they can bring 10 bushels of wheat 
in each wagon and all the oats. If they cannot, they must 
bring less wheat. If the enemy should move towards Wel- 
don or be repelled so that I can make a crop here, it is im- 
possible to get rough food. If they did not get the oats, 
let them bring hay. 


380 NoBTH Carolina Historical. Commission. 

They can come safely under the pass from the Oov. and 
me. Let them come by such route as Steve, with your ad- 
vice, may deem best and bring as much load as they can 
haul. Tho roads are now firm and thoy can liaul fair Umdn. 
If the ford over Haw river is a good one, 1 suppose tho 
usual road will be best, but Steve has l)een over both routes 
and can best judge. I want them also to bring the flax. 
I now have some faint hopes that I may bo able to retain 
them here and make a crop, and if not, I want them here 
as soon as possible. 

Not a particle of reliable information has been received 
since the battle resulting in the evacuation of Richmond. 

If I find the enemy advancing in this direction, I shall 
go with my teams, taking all my light fnrnitnrc of valno, 
and uuiko a crop at Uoxunai's or thcrtMdionls. 

1 do not l)clieve Pittsboro in much danger, but if T 
can still control my teams T will niovo my whcnt slnndd 
it seem to be endangered. 

Brothers B.* and A.^ have sustained enormous loss. A. 
writes me he wishes he had been Sampson with a cart load 
of the jaw bones of asses and he wonld have made i)ile8 
of Yankees. 

All well. 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Co's. Shops Apl. 21/65, 

SSidgh'^" ^-"^* Wednesday week at P. ^f. T loft Ttaloigh. Tho 

enemy entered the city next morning. I had left tho train 
containing the State valuables at Greensboro. Stoneman 
had cut the R. R. 10 miles west of Greensboro and the 
Danville road 7 miles north of Greensboro, by a sudden 
dash on last Monday week. Our train fled to TTillsboro. 
On Stonrnum's disappearance we retnrnod to OreenslM)ro 
and when negotiations for peace commenced last Thurs- 

I Barzilliii Q. Whort. • Joseph Addison Worth. 


day week ami a Buapeiisioii of liostilitics took i)lace we 
came here. I tliink the terms of peace are agreed upon 
siilijrct to ratilicntion. I do not know what they are, but 
understand they are favorable — ^the old constitution of the 
U. S. the basis. Lee's army being destroyed — and as a 
consequence, Johnston's demoralized, the whole army 
would have dissolved by desertion, but for the commence- 
niriil \susiK*Hsion'?\ of h(fHlili(.i(*s. If Iho tcM'ins of peuce 
an* favorable we are indebted to the clemency of the enemy 
for them. 

Govs. Graham and Swain, as commissioners of Gov. Meeting of com- 

' ^ miflslonera with 

Vance met Sherman before his troops reached Raleigh and si^o'man. 
s(M'urod good troatmont to Raleigh. ITo allowe<l all the 
Slale olIicei'H with their effects to return to Raleigh, with 
assurance of jirotet'tion with a sort of i)rison bounds 24 
miles in diameter, Raleigh being the center. Davis then 
at Greensboro, ordered the arrest of Graliam — but bv ths 
rapid advance of the enemy he and Swain were in the 
enemy's lines and taken prisoners before the order reached 
Hampton. Sherman treated them politely — decided as 
they had got into his lines on good faith they should re- 
turn in goo<l faith. Johnston evaded the order to arrest, 
after Graham got back. Our commissioners were exposed 
to great personal peril in getting back through our lines. 
Davis with 300 cavalry, left Greensboro last Wednesday. 
I have heard nothing of him since. It is supposed he is 
gone west of the "Mississippi. Leo was handsomely treated 
by the enemy. Grant would not accept his sword, nor 
even exact any ])arolo from him. Both shed tears. Leo 
is with his family in Richmond. Lincoln shot by an as- 
sassin in the theatre at Washington died a few hours after- 
wards — and Seward and his son dangerously wounded by 
another assassin. 

The Confederato Government will not let the State offi- 
cers return to Raleigh. All would return if our authori- 
ties would let us, excepting the Gov. who tliinks it would 
be unbecoming in him to become a quasi prisoner. 

382 North Cabolina Historical Commission. 

I have had a dreadful diarrhea for two days past — am 
very feeble and not yet well, but think I am a little better. 

I am distressed as to the pro8|ioot of making any crop. 
From what I hear, I fear you did not got off my teams in 
time and I fear, and almost believe, that I have lost my 
teams and wheat. If this be so, it is desirable that I 
should know it as soon as possible. I could perhaps buy 
some army mules or horses to make a crop. Try to let 
me know how you have fared and whether my teams and 
wheat are gone ? How you can do it I cannot suggest. Per- 
haps you can get word to my family. I have not had a 
word from them since I left but have no doubt but they 
and my property in Raleigh are safe. 

If you can, forward this letter to brother Addison who 
will get it to David and Roxana. 

I met opportunities to send verbal messages to Sam and 
Jas. Cotton and others. 

The vast stores on this road have been destroyed, stolen, 
and wasted and the army is subsisting by ruthless im- 

To Dr. Pugh. 

Raleigh Jtdy 2Srd 1865. 

fl{!l!Sci«?o^iuiiUoD I ^^^^ i^®^ returned from Washington where I have 
orstote. heen laboring for three weeks to save a little of the wreck 

of the old North State. I have succeeded to an important 
extent. I hope to bo able to raise $200,000 to $400,000 
which would have been lost but for my efforts. The U. 
S. Govt, has seized 1100 bales of our cotton since the peace 
proclamations of Sherman and Schofield. This has Hot 
been surrendered as erroneously announced in the Stand- 
ard. I do not despair as to this. 

The vast accumulation of letters and business makes it 
impossible for me to answer your inquiries at present with 
precise accuracy. An approximation to exactness may 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 383 

answer your pur[)06c. The entire indebtedness of the 
State is about $31,000,000 of which about $12,000,000. 
was contracted before 20th May 18C1. 

About 19,000,000. is war debt — all of which is funded 
or bears interest except about $5,000,000. non-interest 
bearing Treasury notes. The State has about $4,500,000. 
in stocks in K. Ks. and a debt of about $2,500,000. from 
U. Ks. with whi(rh the Stato has exchanged bonds, and 
about $2,000,000 of the debt belongs to the Comrs. of the 
Sinking Fund ; making a set-off of $9,000,000. and leav- 
ing a balance of $22,000,000. of State debt. 

If this statement be not satisfactory I can make it more 
accurate and will do so upon your request, but it would 
require much time to make it exactly correct. 

The Btntoment that I have written to Alf. Brown or to JJJiJwllJf fo? 
any body else, that I would probably be candidate for k<>^c"o'- 
Qovr and that I expected to be supported mainly by the 
Secession war-party is false. There is no public man in 
N. C whose whole public record is so completely at va- 
riance with the principles of that party. No one who so 
utterly opposed them in the zenith of their power. That 
I should feel any affiliation for them when time has dem- 
onstrated the correctness of my views and the folly of 
theirs, would prove me deficient in common honesty or 
common sense. 

As a constant advocate of civil liberty and republican 
government, 1 would have the State government reorgan- 
ized by the call of a Convention by our Qenl Assembly 
and every body allowed to vote for delegates who is en- 
titled to vote by under our constitution immediately prior 
to May 20/Gl. T have no fear that the Secessionists 
vo\\U\ have carricrd Iho elections. If they could it would 
prove that the people are too foolish to be trusted with 
the elective franchise. I would at present vote for no man 
to any l^islative office who was a Secessionist. 

I suppose my quamdam friend Trogden finds that 

384 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

many — perhaps most of the Secessionists — respect my <*oii- 
sisteut opposition to their doctrine and give mo credit for 
lioncsty — and henco wonhl vote for mu in [>referoncH* to 
any one whose political conrse was less consistent. 

I thank yon and my ohl friends for your omplinuMilnry 
endorsement of my political consistency and assure you 
I am now what I always have been — one who seeks i»op- 
ularity only by trying to do right. 

A «• 



To C. B. Dibble. 

Raleigh, N. C. July 26/65. 

Your letter of the 5th inst. was duly reed by me in 
Washington City and I was advised of the arrival of \\\v 
bagging and rope in Wilmington — but it has not yet gout? 
up the W. C. & Tt. R. R., the rei)airs to the road not being 
completed. It is hoped tlie road will be reaidy for freight 
about this time. When the bagging goes up I shall lose 
no time in getting my cotton in shipping condition and 
forwarding a part or all of it to you for sale. 

I think there is no bank in tin's State which can pay its 
issues. — If the State ^'liall re]Midi:ite all her debts nnule 
since the war, the best of our Ranks cannot jiay more than 
\ of their liabilities. Many of them cannot pay ^ ir 
the whole war debt of the State shall be repudiated, which 
is a rather probable event. 

New York City. 

To N. II. D. Wilson. 

Raleigh, July 26/65. 

I left here for Washington City on the 27th ult. where 
I was detained for more than three w<»ekR on important 
business for the State. On my return I found such an ac- 
cumulation of business and so many letters to answer that 
I have been quite imable to bring up everything. This is 


my excuse for the delay in answering yours of the 30th 

Since the occupation of the capitol by the U. S. troops, 
all my reports have disappeared. I have not a copy of 
my last report nor of the Comptroller's. 

The State owes about $12,000,000 contracted before the 

Since the war about $19,000,000. Of this about $6,- 
300,000. due by Treasury notes— and about $3,000,000 to 

The last tax was about $2,000,000 — and the State tax 
of Guilford was about [Line missing]. I have not at 
hand the means of making my guess more accurate. If 
this does not answer your purpose, let me know, as I hope 
in a few days I can find time to hunt up the documents 
und make my answer more satisfactory. 


To Swepson, MendenJiall £ Co} 


July esth 1866. 

I have ordered the shipping to you, for the State, of a 
considerable lot of cotton, and will order to you other large 
lots of Rosin, etc. — provided you send me immediately by 
Express ten thousand dollars, to be retained with interest 
out of your first sales. The State has no money and must 
have, this sum to pay expenses of getting her stuff ready 
for transportation. If you can't make the advance I must 
ship to a house that will make it. Answer immediately. 

New York City. 

^ A firm composed of George W. btwepson, later to become noto- 
rious on account of his connection witli reconstruction frauds, and 
Cyrus P. Mendenhall. 



386 NoETH Carolina Historical Commission. 

To Joseph A. Worth. 

ItALKUMI. J all/ iWlh ISdil. 

^wn^"fy*8tSS" ^''*<^ State has siuulry lots of rosiii in beds which iiuwt 

go to market by the Capo Fear — to-wit 

*1000 bbls at Smith's iii Harnett County. This was pur- 
chased for the State by J. C. Hood, who can tell what 

22000. in Harnett in charge of It. Godwin. 

It is necessary that this be barreled and got to market 
without delay. I think it best to let out the barreling and 
getting it to the river to the lowest bidder, but if you will 
undertake to manage this matter with a view to the best 
interests of the State, I will leave it to your discretion to 
adopt the plan you deem best. We have no other means 
out of which to pay Iho expenses of the CV>nveution and 
expedition is necessary. If you will undertake to let out 
this job to a contractor you will l)e paid a fair compensa- 
tion. Can the C. F. Steam boat Co. send up flats for it ? 
I want to ship it all to N. Y. — care of Worth & Daniel, 
Wilmington, Swepson, Mendenhall & Co. N. Y. Give me 
a prompt answer — If you decline the job recommend some 
umn of capacity and honesty who wouhl bo likely to be 
willing to imdertake for me to contract for the doing of 
this job. 

To D. 0. Worth. 

Ralkkhi, Au(J. fi/Of). 

You have nothing to do in relation to your salt commis- 
sion, unless there be State property in your hands, or in 
the hands of others, in which case you will report to me 
of what such property consists and where it is. 

We arc all well. 

I write to Mr. Wilkes Morris. 



To Rev. C. II. Wiley. \ 

Ka LEIGH, Aug. 11th 1865. ^ , 

Your letter reached me during my loufi: absence at Wash- woiden'sauitude' 

^ •^ ^ to Mr. Wilejr. 

ington City. On my return I found such an accumulation 
of letters and pressing and important business, and the 
Govr., when well, has been so busy that I could not get 
his nttontion to it so promptly as I could have wished. 

lie instructs me to saj' to you that you arc laboring 
under an entire misapprehension — that ho has no unkind 
feeling toward you, and has no wish whatever to break you 
down : that he felt a little on account of your apparent re- 
sistance towards him after you took sides in his nm for 
Govr — but says he has no unkind feeling towards you. 

T iu»vcr saw the newspaper article to which you refer. I 
infer it reflected on you in some way, but I never heard 
how, nor did I ever hear of it at all, except your allusion 
to it. 


To B. G. WoHh. 

Ealeigh, Aug. 11th 1866. 

The decision tliat the U. S. govt would not pursue or Regarding aeiiure 
capture property bona fide sold and delivered by the Con- u. a 
fe<lenite aullioriticn*, I heard Genl Schofield declare to one 
of his subordinates. It was, as I understood him, so or- 
dered by the authorities at Washington City. I since learn 
the same thing on all hands. 

I suppose your course should be to apply to the officer 
having charge of this ])ro|)crty and exhibit to him Col. 
Child's transfer of this jiropcrty to you. It would be best 
to make this a])plication in writing, accompanied with a 
copy of Col. Child's transfer. If the officer should doubt 
his right to return it to you, which I deem improbable, 
he would refer the application to a superior authorily*; or 



88 NouTii Cabolina IIistobioal Commission. 

if not you could then lay before the military Commandant 
of the Stated (at present Qenl. Ruger) your claim, show- 
ing a copy of tlic petition you had preferred to the in- 
ferioir officer and asking for an order on him to restore 
the property to you. 

I have ordered the Daily Sentinel to you till 1 Jan. next. 
I am sure it will suit you better than the paper ordered. 
The subscription is $4. Dr. Pell is editor. I have not 
paid for it because I have no money. I have had to bor- 
row about all Uio money I have used for the past 4 months. 
Send it to him when you can. The Richardson circular 
is inaccurate. I will send a more correct one soon. 

I don't think you will be any safer by getting your tan- 
ner to give his receipt to you. You should notify him that 
you hold this order and its date and get Bunkringer to 
state the fact to any officer who may apply for them. I 
think the U. S. will not take them from you. 

I will write further as soon as I get accurate informa- 
tion as to the whereabouts of the rosin. 

To J. L. Bason. 

Raleioii N. C. Atuj. 12/65. 

deS!^*°' ®**^ Yours of the 10th 'inst. received. I will address Mr. 

Springs as soon as I shall think he may be at home. 

In reply to your inquiry as to your State bonds, you 
know all will depend on the Legislative power — and I think 
the class of bonds you hohl nro likely to \\o provided for, 
if the Convention shall confine itself strictly to amending 
the Constitution and such other acts as are necessarily 
preliminary to our full restoration to the Union. Till this 
is done there can be no free legislation. If the Conven- 
tion act on the State debt it will repudiate all the debt 
made since 20 May 1861, and if the whole of this debt, 
due to our own people bo repudiatted, it will not be strange 
if it become popular to refuse to pay the debt contracted 
before the war, much of which is not due to our citizens. 


To N. IL D. Wilsofu 

Rausigh, Aug. 12th 1866. 

Yours of the 8tli inst came to hand to-daj. 

The comrs. of the Sinkimr Fund hold bonds of the State, Annwer to inquiry 

as to Literary 

issued since May 20/61 to the amount of $2,234,500. ^^^ 

The management of the Literary Fund was transferred 
f rum my dopnrtmciit to a s|)ccial Treasurer some 18 mouths 
ngo, and 1 caimot answer your inquiry as to the ami of 
State bonds held by the comrs of this Fund, at present If 
I can possibly find an hour's leisure shortly, I will hunt 
up for you this information. The amount, I think, is 
al)out $300,000. — Most of the Literary fund — about $1,- 
100,000. and all the funds of the University, are invested 
in the Banks of N. C. and C. F. and tliese two banks hold 
a very large amount of the bonds and Treasury notes of 
the State, issued since the war. If the State pay no part 
of its debts contracted since the war, the stock in both 
these Banks will be worthless and a small part of their 
circnlntion only can be paid from the their assets. I do 
not know what amount of State bonds may be held by the 
Rail Roads. 

I have no official information as to your second in- 
qtiiry — as to the arms and ordinance stores of the State. 
If turned over to the Con. Govt. I presume it is not ma- 
terial whether paid for or not — The Confederate Govt, 
owed the State some $8,000,000. in one way and another, 
for war expenditures made by Uiis State. I think all the 
arms and ordinance stores have passed away from the State 
either to the IT. S. by capture or surrender or to the hands 
of individual citizens. 




890 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

To Z. B. Vance. 

Raleiqu, Aug. 12lh 18G5. 
Yours of the 8th inst. is reed. 
tuM^^vSnof'i Some of its expressions led me to fear that you feel an- 
noyed at my inquiries as to the furniture of your mansion. 
If in the fact of making the inquiries or the manner of 
making them I have given occasion for surprise I regret 
it, since I am sure nothing could be more foreign from my 
purpose than to Ikj guilty of unbcoomiug iuquisivoucss 
or in any way to annoy you. You speak of two letters to 
Mr. Simonton and one to yourself in relation to this fur- 
niture. I do not remember writing but one letter to Mr. 
Simonton in relation to the furniture. In one authorising 
him to sell the mules, I mention that ho is not to sell \\\o. 
furniture of the Qovernor's mansion, showing that if [ had 
heard that it had l)cen capt\ired, I had forgotten it. You 
referred, when I saw you in Washington, to some news- 
paper article or report you had heard in reference to some- 
thing sharp "Mrs. V. had said to some Yankee official, as to 
which I had heard nothing. It may be that you then spoke 
of the seizure of this property. If so I do not now remem- 
ber it. You seemed to fear that it might bo possible ^Irs. 
v., in a moment of irritation might have said something 
imprudent. If the capture of the property was spoken of 
I presume it was incidental. At all events I don't remem- 
ber to have hoard the i)roj>orty had been capturcMl until 
Gov. Ilolden asked me to write to ^fr. Simonton in rela- 
tion to it. My letter to you aiu)i>ly asked for a list of it. 
I did not want it sent here, or taken from your )K)ssession, 
there being at present no use for it here. 

In using the word "capture" in relation to your letter 
book I did not mean that it was taken against your will. 
I knew you had not ret-jiined it from any desire to conceal 
it from any body and have often said the publication of 


it would be your uiost cflFcctual vindication against the 
attacks of your enemies, 

Mr. ]\IcPlicotcra, as I understand, says the great seal 
was in the box containing your letter book — and I sup- 
posed you might know whether it Avas taken off with the 
letter book. 

I have no intention to pursue money which has been paid 
to (»flicials by your orders, as compensation for salary or 
s<M'vico. I desire to avoid disturbing any irregularity 
where the intent was all right, and I know of no act of 
yours of a contrary character. I did not understand from 
^Nfr. Shober's certificate whether you had received it or 
not. If you had caused it to l)e paid into the Treasury and 
drawn it out by vour warrant, I think it would have Wn 
bfltrr. I know your (M>uipetisalion as well as mine, was 
vastly inadcMjuate and hojic you may be paid something 

You ask *'I should like to know how far bask it is pro- 
poFed to go in compelling State officials to refund." I 
am not aware of any intention to reijuire any official to 
refund any thing pnid him for salary or services. If 
money was placed in the hands of any official to be ex- 
pended for the State and not so expended, he ought to be 
required to refund. No case of this kind has been brought 
to my notice excepting Mr. Hayes. According to my pres- 
ent information he has a largo bal. of gold placed in his 
hands to buy rosin which he did not expend. If on fuller 
inquiry T shall be satisfied that such is the fact, I shall 
ciideavor to make him refund. He admits to me there was 
some $2000. of this gold unexpended but claims to be en- 
(ifle<l (o 8( t it olT by a like sum which he alle£K*s he loaned 
to Air. White in Kngland. I reject this set off, because 
] know nothing about it. 

In atl cases similar to this the official ought to be com- 
pelled to refund. 

If you are under the impression that I have unneces- 


392 NottTii Carolina Histobioal Com>ci8sion. 

sarilj annoyed jou m any of the matters as to which I 
have written you, I regret it I never entertained an un- 
kind feeling towards you, but the very contrary. I h:ivo 
differed in opinion with you, as you have with me, in souie 
public affairs, but I have always had and expressed the 
highest r^ard and respect for you. 

Collie & Co. got all the property in the West Indies and 
the vessels in which the State had an interest towards a 
debt they claimed against the State. 

States viLLs. 

To D. 0. WoHh. 

Raleiqii^ a iig, lGlhlS65. 

My measures for getting off the State rosin work very 
slowly. I can't tell with any certainty when I can get 
any of it off. I fear it will be some weeks — ^Will notify 
you as soon as I can. I am making considerable progress 
in getting cotton — ^have secured some 300 bales. None of 
it will pass through your place. I have hopes of getting 
a good deal in Robeson, Columbus, Richmond, Anson and 
Stanley. I am in hourly expectation of Mr. (Tackson on 
his way, via Wilmington, to look after it. 

My duties are very onerous, but I am gratified with 
the conviction that I am rendering most important service 
to the State which T think will l)e appreciated. 

All quit^ well. 


To Andrew Johnson. 

Raleigh, K C. Aug. 18th 1865. 
Roquertfortho T Icarn that the TTon. Thomas Ruffin Rr is about to file 

Imrdoti of Judge 
iu«n. his petition for pardon under the provisions of your proc- 

lamation of the 29th May. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 393 

From tlie interest you are believed to have always felt iu 
the affairs of your native State, you doubtless know that 
he was long the ornament of the Supreme Court of this 
State, as its Chief Justice, which position he resigned many 
years ago on account of old age, retiring to his farm and 
declining to take any active part in the political conflicts 
of the times. 

In the winter of 18G1 he was ap{)ointed one of five com- 
missioners to meet like commissioners on the part of the 
other States of tho Union, commonly called the Peace 
Congress, where he labored to preserve the Union. 

After war actively commenced, he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Convention of 1861 and voted as did many other 
members of that body, for the ordinance of Secession, and 
afterwards, without violence, acted in conformity with this 

He is now a very old man. By industry and judicious 
economy he had acquired prior to the late war, an ample 
fortune, consisting mainly in investments in stocks and in 
slaves, both of which are now of no value. 

I entertain no doubt, if he shall 1x3 pardoned, that he 
will be a loyal and law-abiding citizen. 

He has always been distinguished not less for talent 
and legal learning than for strict probity and virtue, and 
I earnestly hope your Excellency will promptly grant his 
pardon and free him from solicitude, which I am sure 
will ni(M»t Iho hrarty approval of nil good men in this State. 

To R. 8. French. 

Raleioii, Avg. 18th 1866. 

Yours of yesterday's date, setting out $5150. as due you ReiaUng to state 
from the State on account of arrearnges of your salary 
as Judge — in which sum is not embraced your salary 
for Quarter immediately proceeding Ist Oct. 1864, which 
you are in doubt whether you have received or not. 

394 North Carolina Historical. Commission. 

You desire my opinion whether this claim, or any part 
of it, will be paid. 

Tt is understood that the Prest. and Cabinet are un- 
willing that any debt contracted by the State since 20tli 
May 18G1, bo paid. 

If the Convention undertake to pass upon this question^ 
which I think they ought not to do, I have no doiibt the 
whole debt made during the war, will be repudiated. If 
they confine themselves to amendments to the Constitution 
and such legislation only as is absolutely necessary to our 
full restoration to the Union, leaving all other acts to the 
Legislation to be acted upon after they can legislate with 
the independence properly belonging to one of the United 
States. I think the war debt will be scaled to its specie 
value at the time it was contracted and ])aid. I think 
there is a growing sentiment that the Convention do notli- 
ing save what is rcquiix?d to do, preliminary to our l)eing 
admitted into full communion with the United States. 

To ir. B. Stophnu^, 

Kalkkjii, Aug. 21/65. 

Relating to state Yours of the lOtli iust. camc to hand to-day. I have 

reed no communication from Mr. Ilanes on the subject. 

The bonded debt of the State created under acts passed 
before May 20/Gl, is $11,119,500. on which the coupons, 
due and unpaid, probal>ly amount to $2,000,000. 

Total ante-war debt about $13,119,500. 

The total war debt deducting amt held by 

comrs of Sinking Fimd and $1,500,000. 

sent to Europe and not used is about 19,500,000. 

Total $32,619,500. 

I shall make to the Convention a report, which is now 
being prepared, more in detail and more accurate. This 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 396 

statement is as accurate as I can now make it and may be 
relied on as substantially correct. 

Tbis statement does not embrace an account of our in- 
debtedness in England, as to which I am officially ig- 
norant. From all I can learn, I think we owe about $800,- 
000. sfiecie in England. 

Tf is said wo have considerable money, perhaps prop- 
rrly — in England. 1 have applied to every {K^rson in this 
coinilrv from whom there is any roasonablo hope that in- 
forninlion cotihl l)c obtained. 1 can learn nothing reliable. 
I wrote some months ago to Mr. White in England asking 
for a full exhibit; and I hope to have an answer by the 
meeting of the Convention. 

I think every intelligent candidate for the Convention, 
ouglil lohold himself entirely unpledged and uncommitted 
as wluit debts the State will pay, etc. The Convention 
ought to do nothing except amend the Constitution and / 
such other acts as are necessarily preliminary to our full \ ^ 
admission into the Union and to cause full information to 
Ih* hi id U^fore I he public as to our debls. The condition 
<if our Itanks, Kail Roads, e>tc. Afy ideas are fully set 
forth in a 1at4^ editorial in tlio SeiUiuel, bq^inning with 
the inquiry' — ^What ought the Convention to do? Read 
it. I am so incessantly occupied from morning till night 
every day in trying to glean up the fragments of our State 
pro|K»rty which is s<rattere<l from the mountains to the 
sea shore ami every where smuggled, that 1 have not time 
to answer fully one quarter of the inquiries which are 
submitted to me. From this resource I think I shall be 
able to raise enougli to pay the exi)enses of the State for 
one year. There is no need of jumping at conclusions as 
\i> what ought to lie done in relation to our State debt, 
Sfalo Revenue, etc. TiCt information Ik* spread lief ore the 
Country and let tlie Genl Assembly act on these matters 
after we are fully a State and free to act — and possessed 
of the nee<lful infonnation — and after time is allowed to 
r^msider this information in all its lK?aring«. 

896 NoBTH Oabolina H18TOB10AL Commission. 

Head the Editorial referred to for a frank expression 
of my views. 


To E. 0. Reade."^ 

Raleigh, Aug. S2/65. 

ReiaUng to stato I^ compliance with your request, made through Mr. 

Smith, I will give you an idea of the State debt, near 
enough to accuracy for your purpose. 

Ante-war bonds $11,119,500. 

Supposed amount of unpaid coupons now 
over-due 2,500,000. 

Total ante-war debt $13,019,500. 

War debt 

per cent bonds $7,328,000. 

8 " " " 5,793,500. 

Debt to Banks and indi- 
viduals 508,423. 

Treas. notes in circula- 
tion 245,326.25 

Supposed amount of un- 
paid coupons 1,551,132. 


Tho unit of uupnid coupons is $1,151,132.07 bill my 
books furnish no means of ascertaining what proportion 
of them are due on the Ante war — and on the war bonds — 
My distribution above is conjectual. 

* Edwin G. Reade, of Person county, was a meml)er of the 8-ltli 
Congress and of the Confederate Senate. In 1803 he was electeil 
Judge of the Superior Court, lie was President of tho Convention of 
18()5. The same year he was elected to the Supreme Court. lu IStiH, 
although a Republican, he was elected by the vote of both parties 
to the Supreme Court. 



Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 3\i7^\ 

Of these war bonds the eomrs. of the Sinking Fund hold 

8 p<^r cent $735,000 

6 per cent 1,637,500. 

$2,372,500. $2,372,500. 

And $1,500,000. of 6 per cents were sent 
to Englnnd to bo used as coUatorals for 
our cotlou bonds, wiiich I aiu informed 
were not used — and should therefore be 
deducted 1,500,000. 


This amount being deducted from the war debt $20,- 
526,891.25— 3,872,500.=16,654,391.25. 

Ante war debt $13,619,500. 

War debt 16,654,391.25 

Total State debt 

(oxclnding English debt) $30,273,801.25 

As to tho English debt I know nothing officially. From 
llie Iwst infonnntiou T can obtain, (by no moans reliable) 
J suppose it to be $700,000. 

I wrote Mr. White, from Washington City, some months 
ago, asking him to give me full and accurate information 
in relation to this English debt and our resources in Eng- 
land. You know, I presume, that ho was Gov. Vance's 
agent in England. I obtained his address from Gov. V. 
and hope to have his answer in time to lay before the Con- 

To meet the present wants of the State I am using the 
following measures — 

We had at the date of Genl Schofield's proclamation an- 
nouncing to the army and people of N. C, that "peace 
existed" about 600 bales of cotton at Graham and about 
500 bales at Manson, small lots in other localities in this 
State — ^much rosin in pits in several counties and other 
property of less value scattered everywhere. 

NoBTii Cabolina Historical Commission. 

The U. S. since the war, passed an act, authorising the 
military and naval oflScers of the U. S. to capture prop- 
erty from "hostile iK)S8e8sion." None of this 1100 hales 
had been captured at the date of this peace proclamation, 
but some time afterwards the whole of it was captured. 1 
went to Washington City and remonstrated against the 
capture, as unwarranted, in my opinion, by the act of 
Congress and not sanctioned by the law of nations — ^but 
at all events savoring of the rapacious and highly impol- 
>i itic. The l^rcst and (^Sibinct liehl that my [xisitions as 
to the rights of capture were questionable — but* ultimately 
agreed to desist from further capture and to allow the 
Provisional Govt, of the State to collect and use all State 
property not already in possession of the U. S. officoi-s. 
The gleanings loft us to furnish the only means of supply- 
ing the immediate necessities of the State, such as pay 
of meml)ors of Couvontion, Qeul Assembly, supp<u*t of 
Asylums, Judiciary, etc. 

Tliis branch of my duties is most onerous, but is being 
vigorously executed with reasonable hopes that I shall be 
able to realise enough to pay the expenses (excluding all 
debt) to 30th Sept 18Gfl. I can go no further into de- 
tails. I would gladly go more into details, l^ut cannot 
find leisure. I hope this General Summary may be of 
use to you. The Convention, in my opinion, should not 
complicate the question as to our re-admission into full 
communion with the U. S. by taking up the question of 
State indebtedness, the validity of laws ])assed since May 
20/01, or any thing else, save amendments to the Consti- 
tution and such legislation as is indispensably preliminary 
to our representation in the Congress of next winter. Let 
us legislate on all these matters with some feeling of Inde- 

I was never more oppressed with my duties and present 
this as my excuse for my apparent short coming in re- 
sponding to your request. 



To e/. Ij. Itaihaioay £ Sons. 

Kaleigh, Aug. 23rd 1865. 

-My brother Jj. 0. Worth lately requested me when I 
had occasion for a commission merchant in N. Y. to make 
you my agents. 

I am Treasurer for the State during the Provisional 
(lovennnont and rcMjuirod to luuit uj) and put in market 
such j>ro])erty of the State which we save from the general 
wreck — among which is a large quantity of rosin now in 
pits. Aft s(M>n as it can be barreled and tran8i>orted, by 
the most energetic efforts, I shall send it to N. Y. to be 
sold, say 20,000 bbls at least. Would it be in your line 
to sell it for me. 

1 have of my own some 15,000 lbs cotton, which will 
1)0 on tho W. C & R. 1{. within 20 days which I propose to 
send to your City for sale. Do you sell cotton on com- 
mission ? 

I could invest $6,000. more in cotton on the same road, 
at 30 cts. ]wr lb. if T had the money. 

(^an y»»n not supply it to me, at 7 i)er cent — say for 90 
<lay8?, to be reindnirsed out of cotton sales, all of which 
I would forward to you. 

I am worth more than $20,000. more than all my lia- 
bilities as principal or endorsee — have filed my petition 
and been pardoned and would if required give my brother, 
11. fl. WN)rth as (Mulorsce. 

I could raise the money here on your sight check. 

New York City. 

To 0. yV. Swepsofu 

IIaLtEigh^ Aug. 2Srd 1865. 

My agent in Georgia telegraphs mo that he got 1G6 Regaining coiiec- 
bales of cotton in Macon which he had sent to Savannah and rosin, 
and which I sup]>ose will shortly reach you. 

I sent 10 bales some ten days ago, the cotton obtained 
from Oraliam. Have you reed it ? 

400 North Cabolina Hibtobioal Commission. 

I have 17 boles here which will he forwanleil as soon 
as I can get it re-haled. I have the haggiiig and rope. 

I have the written relinquishments of the U. S. ugi'iiL 
for the loose cotton at Qraham. I have the rope and hal- 
ing there and men engaged in haling it. It is supposed 
it will make some 30 or 40 bales. It will be sent soon. 

My agent on the R. & G. R. E. reports that he will soon 
have 100 bales ready. 

An agent is sent to Bladen^ Robeson and Anson where 
I have good reason to hope for some 400 bales— and I have 
some hopes of other lots in Georgia and elsewhera 

There will be a very large quantity of rosin^ which with 
every possible exertion will require some time to barrel 
and transport. 

I have expended all the money I can raise on personal 
account) some $3,000. f9r cotton on the W. 0. & R. R. K. 
at 30 cts. the lb. It will l)e ready in twenty days to start 
to Wilmington. I could buy to the amount of $6,000. 
more if I had the money. I am not liable on my own 
account or as endorsee for others for more than $2000. I 
have bonds on parties of undoubted responsibility for four 
times the amount, payable in specie. My real estate is 
worth $10;000. my stock in factory and steam boats 
$5,000. besides much other valuable property. The Presi- 
dent has granted my pardon. My credit ought to be as 
good as any body's in the State for $6,000 or $8,000. for 
90 days. If you can't loan it to me to be invested in cot- 
ton and sent you for sale, let me know at once, as I am 
determined to get it somehow. 

To E. Ingram. 

Raleicmi, Aug. 2Jflh 1S65. 

%vii!of>iiMii)ei« ^^^" ^^^ aware, T presume, that the cotton bought of you 
tranmcUoD. ^^ ^jj^ pj^y^ Q^^^ ^qq^ ^^g purchased for me by S. S. Jack- 


son, my sou-iii-law. The written contract is in bis^nauie 
and hence you address him on the subject, in your letter 
without date, sent by Mr. Roberts. 

In this letter "you have thought proper under the cir- 
cumstances not to deliver tJhe cotton to your agent Dr. 
Roberts". The reasons you assign is the want of validity 
in the funds you received. 

I claim to be willing to do unto others what I would 
have them to do to me under like circumstances, and from 
your reputation hope you govern yourself by the same 

How are the facts ? On tlie 7th Sept 1863, we were in 
the midst of war. We had a currency, the value of which 
it was known, was dop(»ndcnt on tho issue of the war. It 
was well known it would be worthless if the South was 
conquered. It was equally well known that the troops on 
both sides were procuring cotton wherever they thought 
proper. It could be placed in no safe locality. There was 
mutual hazard. The cotton was liable to confiscation. 
8(Mzurc by tho enemy, destruction by fire, etc. The money 
as in all cases of paper currency, was liable to become 
worthless. There is no protest that there was any decep- 
tion practised by either of us. We weighed the hazards, 
each for himself, and traded. I sent sheeting soon after- 
wards to bale it, which you accepted. I have been paying 
taxes on it as my cotton without the least intention that 
y«Hi o()nt<Miiphi(ed ^repudiating your contract — ^indeed I 
supposed you intended to fulfil your contract up to the 
day when you wrote your letter to which I am replying, 
for Dr. Roberts told me you allow him to proceed in pack- 
ing and putting on the new baling and rope ho carried 
over, until he got 2C bales ready to bo sent off and tho 
wagons ready to be loaded before you intimated your un- 
willingness to deliver the cotton. I had risked all the 
danger of losing the cotton. If it had been destroyed by 
our troops or the enemy it would have been my total loss. 

402 NoKTH Cabolina Histobioax Commission. 

We took our risks — fortune favored me. If you lose all, 
there was no need of such loss. The currency and bonds 
you received were worth more or less at all times up to 
the surrender of Genl I^e. The price paid to you was 
vastly greater than any body would have thought of pay- 
ing in gold or sound currency. Do you consider it right 
after the contingency had turned out unfavorably to you 
to refuse to fulfill your contract? I hope on reflection 
you will perceive that you do yourself and me great wrong. 

From your known character for probity and honor 1 
had relied confidently on getting the cotton after I had 
ascertained that it was safe, after the proclamation of 
peace — and my business arrangements are sadly deranged 
by your decision which all the circumstances lead me to 
believe, you have been induced to make by injudicious 

You ask for a proposal of compromise — from which I 
infer that you are willing to deliver a part. 

I propose that you send the 26 bales to A. S. McNeill 
at or near Old Hundred Station on the Wilmington, Char- 
lotte & R. R. R. subject to my orders, with the under- 
standing that the delivery of this quantity shall not proju- 
dice you in any lawsuit or submission to arbitration hero- 
after, hereafter about the matter. Please answer whether 
you will do this t 


Relailnff to a 

To Wm. 0. Smilh. 

Raleigh. Aug. 25 1865. 

Reiaunfftoa ^ invested all my disposable means in the 26,000 lbs of 

SSSJlSfc"^ cotton bought of E. Ingram. He has acted in bad faith 

and I am greatly incommoded by my disappointment in 

getting this cotton. 

The law, and justice and equity of the case are all on 

my side — ^but we have no tribunals to which to resort for 


reilross for broach of contract. I have seen the Military 
(^oiiiniandant of the State, Genl Ruger, who is a good 
lawyer and an intelligent and upright man. lie will 
take no cognizance of breaches of contract except to this 
extent — If a party is about leaving the State, or dispos- 
ing of or removing property, so that the civil Courts when 
restored would bo disabled from affording redroaa, he will 
slop llio party about to rcuiovo, or take care that the prop- 
(•rly, tlio subject of controversy, bo not sold or placed be- 
yond the jurisidiction of the Courts when restored. 

Understanding that Mr. Ingram is a man of great ec- 
centricity and that relatives of his in expectancy of his 
estate ait) less controlled than he is by a sense of honor 
and honesty, will employ every means to defeat my rights, 
T fear the cotton will l)o sold or removed or so exposed as 
to be ruined before I can have the benefits of the Civil 
Courts to protect my rights, I desire to get you to give me 
prompt information should he be about to sell any of his 
cotton or take other steps to defeat the power of the 
(^'Ourts to give me redress [Tuw words illegible] or agency 
in my liehalf will not be known without your consent. 

If from any cause you should l)c unwilling or unable 
to do me this favor, I ask will you suggest the name of 
someone who you think would oblige me t 

His written contract bound him to deliver the 25,000 
lbs of cotton when called for, 16 bales of it being then 
properly baled up — the residne in the seed — I to find 
baling and rope and he to pick and bale in good order 
and he to "keep the cotton well stored till called for". 
He carried some 30 or 40 bales into the fields, as I un- 
derstand, in March last, where it has laid exposed until it 
is mined or greatly damaged. This I will not take. 

He will Iw liable to interest by way of damages from 
the date of my demand. There can be no reasonable doubt 
as to my ultimate recovery, and hence h s refusal to deliver 
it will probably damage him as much a; me. 

404 North Cabouna Histobioal Cokiossion. 

If you can by any instrumentality, induce him to de- 
liver the cotton, I will give you 1000 Ihs of it, to avoid 
litigation — delay in getting it, ele. 

Please read inclosed letter to Mr. Ingram, seal it — 
and send it to him by mail or otherwise. 

If you should in any way induce the old gentleman to 
make delivery, I have at Asheboro in care of S. S. 
Jackson the baling and rope required, which will be deliv- 
ered to your order; and I will re-imburse any expense 
you may incur in sending for it — ^and in having the cot- 
ton hauled to Old Hundred — Care of A. S. McNeill. 


To D. Slarhuch 

Kaleiqii, Aug. 30/05. 
R^in^Dg state Yours of the 28th inst. (without signature) is before 


The bonded debt of the State is $24,241,000. 

Issued prior to May 20/01 _— 11,119,000. 
• " since " " „-13,122,000. 

Notes to Banks and individuals. 508,423. 

Treasury notes in circulation 5,246,336. 

Coupons due and unpaid 4,151,132. 

From this should be de- 
ducted $1,500,000. bonds 
sent to England to be 
used as collateral securi- 
ties for our cotton bonds, 
and which Gov. Vance 
says were not used and 
will be returned $1,500,000. 


Bonds held by comrs. of S, 

Fund 2,372,600. 



Total State debt $30,274,391. 

I can give no reliable information in relation to our 
JOnglisli debt. 1 suppose it to bo about $500,000. 

As a set off tlic State holds stocks as follows 


In N. C. R R $3,000,000. 

" Raleigh and Gaston R. R 082,000 

" A. & N. C. R R 1,077,500 

" All)eniarle & Chesapeake Canal 350,000 


And bonds on the following corporations with which 
the State exchanged bonds — to-wit — 

City of Raleigh $ 48,000. 

Interest due on these bonds. 7,200. 

R. k G. R. R 20,000. 

Interest due on these bonds.. 000. 

W. C. & R. R. R 2,000,000. 

Interest due on these bonds.- 112,500. 

Western (coalfield) R. R 600,000. 

Int dno on these lionds 148,325. 2,930,025 


The State owns other stocks and lx>nds amounting to 
alKMit a million of dollars in and on other companies in 
les« reliable amdition which I omit. 

Total State drbt forwarded $30,274,391. 

iVfluct those stocks and Ix)ud« 8,035,125. 

Balance $22,239,200 

406 North Caboulna Histobioal Commission. 

How far this amount would be reduced by scaling the 
war debt to its specie value I cannot tell ; and having at- 
tempted no estimate I submit no guess. 

I could not find my Sentinel containing the editorial 
headed. What Ought the Convention to do. Mr. Pell 
did me the favor to adopt it as an editorial and it should 
not be spoken of as my production. I hope your editor 
will find and republish it. 

I wrote an article appearing in the Standard to-d«y — 
headed Convention, Banks, etc. — Sigiuitiiru N. — Kximiine 
it — I will write others, over some signature, if I can pos- 
sibly find time. My official duties are most onerous. 


To S. S. Jackson. 

"RxiA&iQii. Aiuj. SI/ 05 

I have Telegram from Swepson, M. & Co. dated yes- 
terday, notifying me that Swepson is on the way hei*e 
with $6000. for me. It will probably reach me tomor- 
row. How shall I get it to Phillips? Mr. Robins must 
come here very soon about making up his report as Into 
Treasr of Literary Fund? Why not let him come tm- 
mediately and carry it up ? 

If yr health will admit I want you to go to Anson and 
see if Ingram can't be induced to let me have my cotton. 
Genl. Ruger \vill not interfere in mere matters of civil 
contract — ^but his subordinates in Wilmington and else- 
where have interfered in many similar cases and caused 
cotton to be delivered. I hope, in some way, you might 
get it. It is a sad derangement of my plans if I can't get 
it soon. I wrote to him and W. C. Smith on the subject. 

If you can go I will send you copies of these letters. 

If you go over you would probably met't J. J. J. there 
and might help him. I have not hoard from him since he 
left Wilmington. 

All well — overwhelmed with work. 


To Nereus Mendenhall.^ 

Baleigh Sep. 1/66 

Gov. Holden says he sent yr. memorial to the Prest. 
some 6 weeks ago — that two weeks ago he urged the mat- 
ter again — has had no answer — says he will try again by 

Yon arc qiiifc niiatakon lx)th as to my having no 
money and littl(^ to do. I have plenty of money and much 
more to do in the Treasury then I ever had before. 

New Qabden. 

To Rev. C. H. Wiley. 

RAT.Kinrr, Sept. 2ml 1865. 
Write out your plans for reviving Coml Schools. Con- RegannnR pro- 

, , . . ^ '^i 'M. J pO(»d revival of 

dense as much as you can consistent with propensity and pumio tchoois. 
I will endeavor to get it before the Convention. 

The Govr. has your letters in relation to the McAden 
afTuir and I snpiwse will answer. 


To Rev. F. L. Hawks.* 

Raleigh, Sept. 2nd 1866. 

The project of relieving our University was originally R«»»«nff «o 
conceived by B. F. Moore and by him submitted to me. un/J^^^J^ 

* Nereus Mendenhall, the most prominent Quaker in North Caro- 
lina, was at the head of the school at New Garden, which became 
Guilford College. 

' Krancis L. Hawks, a native of Graven county, was a member of 
till* House of Commons in 1821. For five years before that time he 
Imd liecn Reporter of the Supreme C>ourt. lie entered tl)e Episcopal 
ministry, and in 1R27 went to Connecticut. He was never again a 
resident of the State. He was elected a professor in the State Uni- 
versity and declined, but his interest in his A/ma mafer was unfailing. 
He was the author of a history of North Corolina and a number of 
other works. 


408 jMoRTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

It has since been considered by the Executive Commit- 
tee of the TiTistees — and Qovr. Swain was requested to 
correspond with yim and olh(;r fric^uds in N. Y^. wilh iho 
view of ascertaining its feasibility. 

Qovr. Swain requested mo to oi)en and read your let- 
ters — and if necessary — to reply. As I do not know when 
I can get them to him, I will answer so far as I can. 

The University owes the Bank of North Carolina about 
$90,000. When this ]iank was chartered we all thought 
it rested on the most solid foundations. The University 
then had $100,000. stock in old Banks, readily convertible 
into coin — and the annual receipts of the institution ex- 
ceeded its expenditures about $10,000. The Trustees de- 
cided to take $200,000. of stock in the present Bank and 
>^ . give a note for $100,000. which it was cxptn^tcd could 1h> 

^ : readily paid out of this surplus income — the Bank agree- 

ing to take the note to ho paid at the convcniouco of the 
University, the interest being paid every 90 days, I be- 
lieve. After this subscription an addition was made to 
the college buildings, which cost about $40,000. I believe. 
When the war came the note was reduced to about $90,- 
000. and so stnuds now. The other debts of the institu- 
tion are small and there are debts due the U. from riv- 
sponsible individuals more than equal to all other liabili- 

During (he war the Bank inade large loans to the State, 
allowed its debtors to pay in Confederate currency and 
invested in Confederate bonds. The specie and ival 
ostalo of (ho Bank at .sp<H'.ie vahu) anitUMils lo aUuil $100,- 
000. — its circulation and debt due to depositors nuule be- 
fore the war amount to $1,600,000. The effects of the 
Bank, other than its specie and real estate are of small 
value and very unreliable. It is regarded as certain that 
bill holders will lose largely and that the whole stock is 

The Bank is bound by its charter to accept its bills, 


Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 409 

whether issued from the principal Bauk, or any of its 
Branches, in payment of debts due it. These bills can 
now be purchased with U. S, currency at from 35 to 40 
cts on the dollar. The project is to buy up its bills to 
the amount of $90,000. It is supposed $30,000. in Na- 
tional Currency will be ample to buy the $90,000. in the 
notes of the Bank. 

It 18 proposed ihnt the University borrow say $30,000. 
in JtTational currency — at 6 per cent int. 'payable senii- 
aiuiually — principal payable in 10 years or sooner at the 
option of the Trustees of the University — and to 'give a 
mortgage to the person or persons loaning the money, on 
nil the cor]>(>ratc property of the 'institution to secure the 

It is believed that' no loan could be made on more re- 
liable security. — Besides the extensive buildings, the in- 
stitution owns some 800 acres of land in and contiguous 
to the village and I believe some 10,000 acres of land in 
the Western part of the State. Govr. Swain can give you 
uiorn nceiirale infornintion us to this, Ihnn 1 can. There 
ran Ik* no safer loan. Let it be asvsured that the lender 
n|M>u iuijuiry, will be satisHed as to the security. If so it 
was hoped that capitalists could be found, who would be 
glad to make so safe an investment, at the same time 
they were saving this noble institution of learning. There 
can be no doubt but the Trustees, either through the aid 
of the State or otherwise, would pay off the debt before 
the maturity of the mortgage. 

Can the money be borrowed on this plan or any simi- 
lar one? 

You are at liberty to submit this letter to any capital- 
ist. Wo will hear any proj)osition looking to the same end 
and answer any inquiries from any one dis))09ed to con- 
sider our scheme. 

410 North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

To Oeneral Ruger.^ 

Raleigh, 8epr. 6th 1865 

wi3imfbero- Allow me to inform you that the State officers are 

Slpitoi.*^" *^much annoyed by the occupancy of a part of the capitol 

by the military. The privies are kept in such filthy 
condition that the odor fills the building. The large num- 
ber of disorderly persons from the country who visit the 
officers distributing certificates for rations and who (as 
I am told) occupies one of the rooms on the second floor 
of the building, keep the building littered: and are noisy 
and disorderly. The keeper of the building says he can- 
not have the house kept in order while this promiscous 
crowd are allowed ingress. Will you not favor us by or- 
dering all the military to leave the building? 

To J. J. Jackson. 

Raleigh, Sept. 6th 1866. 

Yours of the 29th ult. came to hand yesterday. I an- 
swer though I presume you will have loft for Anson be- 
fore this can reach you. 

I approve all your ideas with the exception that I 
deem it best, as to all the cases requiring military aid, 
that Sam repeat the facts to me on your return and upon 
this report I will ask for military coercion. Your first 
letter in relation to Danl B. Shaw, has not reached me. 
In this case, owing to its urgency, I inclose i)rocos8. You 
have failed to give the County in which he lives and the 
names of the witnesses by whom the necessary facts can 
be proved. You will fill the blanks and hand the process 
to the Sheriff, unless he pay you 30 cts per lb for the 
estimated weight of the cotton. ITe has forfeited all 

^ Major General Thomas H. Uuger who was in command in North 


oqnttable claim to coiumission or liberality iu fixing the 
price, by his obstinacy and refusal to account 

As to the man who hauled off 10 bales and distributed 
6 to parties who are too poor or reed it in quantities too 
small to be worth pursuing, if you still think he makes a 
tnUhful representation, let him off as to all but the four 
bales. lie ought to pay 30 cts jier lb. and get pay for his 
iroublo from those among whom he distributed the G bales. 

I consider you fully empowered to make the si^ecula- 
tors account — and if they fail to do so on demand, fur- 
nish me the names and residences and the names of the 
witnesses and I will summon them here and make them 

It will be more efficient to compel the party to come 
here and answer than to invest you with power to sue 
them. This power would have to be a personal one to 
you, and might embarrass me. 

Fill the blank as to witnesses. All well — Lucy and 
children start home to-morrow morning. 

To Rev. N. H. D. Wilson. 

Raleigh, Sepr. 7/66. 

Yours of the 5th inst. to Dr. Craven is just handed to RciAtingthe 
uir by him with rrquost ilint I furnish yon the infonna- 
tion asked for. 

The stock held by the Banks of N. C. and C. F. for 
common schools is about $1,100,000. This will certainly 
be lost if the State pay no part of the money borrowed of 
thoRo Banks by the State in 1861 and 1862 — principally 
in the former year. 

The Bank of C: F. has not yet filed its report with me 
— ^but even after it shall have filed it as well as all other 
Banks, it will be impossible to know their real strength, 
because a very large amount of all their assets consists of 


KoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

notes discounted, before and since the war and nobody 
can tell you >vill be able to pay and who will fail — ^but 
it is to be hoped and I incline to the belief that both these 
banks will save much of the stock if the Stnto pay an 
eqiiitablo part of the debt she owes them. 


Relating to State 
account! with 
Wblte and 

To Z. B. Vance. 

Ealeiqh^ Sep, 9/65. 

Your letter, expressing that you did not feel agrieved 
by any action of mine towards you was reed in due time 
and was gratifying to me. 

I have a letter from John White, dated Aug. 6th 1865. 
He says he returned to Londan last Doer, lie not only 
found no money but large debts claimed against the State 
by Collie & Co. Flanner was in Paris and in reply to a 
letter from White asking him to go over to London, said 
he had £12,000. or £13,000. but it was not then conve- 
nient for him to go over. Has remitted £5,000. but has 
not been over to settle — is about to uiako a tour of Eu- 
rope, etc. We had large amt of goods in the West Indies 
when the Confederacy caved in — Collie & Co. got all these 
— and have not yet made up their account. 

White has probably loft for U. S. — A bad state of 

I deemed it best not to show your letter relating to 
yr furniture to the Qovr. or any body else, and shall not do 
so except upon your special request. I have not deemed 
it my duty to say to the Govr. any thing about the specie 
you got from Salisbury. I think it was equitably due you 
— ami that T may with propriety say uothiug about it. 

Tn searching after State mules — that Mr. Price, A. G. 
M. Mecklenburg, to take charge of your poney. Have 
you got the poney ? 


All tlio iTcripts taken for the horses and mules dis- 
tributed by Oapt. Hildesheimer read thus *'Recd at Greens- 
boro 25 Apl 18G5 of Capt. J. Ilildescheimer one (first, 
2nd or 3rd class mule or horse) belonging to the State of 
N. C. for which I promise to pay on demand of the Stata 
a fair value." 

T feci U. my <lu(y to send an agent to colhct. 

I write this leltcr presuming the infornuition it con- 
veys would be agreeable to you : — I mean that; you would 
Hko to know the facts. 

I have succeeded in a silent way in impressing on our 
leading men and Journals here, that the discussion of the 
questions growing out of our State debt is premature, and 
that the Convention should confine itself to constitutional 
amendments and such legislation as is strictly preliminary 
to our representation in the next Congress. 

[P. S.] — Did the State put up the telegraph wire from 
here to Fayetteville ? 


To Mr. Jackson,^ 

Raleigh^ Sept. 9/65. 
Yours of the 5th inst, post-marked Raleigh Sept. 4th is in regard to the 

' ^ or state debt, 

]ust reed. 

^^>u are right in yr position that the debt is void un- 
less brought to some stand by legislation. At least this 
is the ruling of the powers that be, but the material ques- 
tion is ought the State to pay any of its debt ? Will it be 
reputable to plead that is founded on an illegal consid- 
eration? I think it will be remiss and disreputable — 
And that it is \jword iUegihlc] expedient to discourage- 
ment [?]and sui)posc I am wrong in this, will the ag- 
gregate wealth of the State be diminished by paying it. 

t Either S. 8. or J. J. Jackson. 

414 North Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

I incline to think it will not. The whole war debt is a 
domestic debt — at all events nearly all of it is held by 
North Carolinians. It is more equitable that the holders 
lose all, than that the loss be distributed among the whole 
people. What you lose by repudiation to the whole Stale 

L \ you take from the pockets of individual citizens who con- 
fided in State honor. The whole State aided by her rep- 
resentatives made the debt. If you pay nothing you break 
all the Banks. If you break the Banks you break up 
Com. Schools and bankrupt tho Uaivei'sity. HiisidoH you 
corrupt public morality. Individuals will jump to the 
conclusion if the State dont' pay, / ought not to pay. If 
the break the Banks the holders of the currency of the 
Banks lose. — ^Honestly always has been the best policy. 
It is so now — always will be. 

Nobody fully understands the facts — and cousequiMilly 
every body ought to have reserved his judgment till he 
got the required knowledge of the facts and considered 
them in all their bearings. There is no need of action by 
the Convention or Oenl Assembly for months to come. I 
have brought the Journals and all the prominent men to 
the position I assumed in my speech at Asheboro, that it 
is unwise for any man to commit himself on this sub- 
ject before it was possible he could know enough of the 
facts to enable him to come to judicious conclusion, that 
therefore for these as well as other reasons, the Conven- 
tion ought not to act on the question of State indebtod- 
no8s or any thing else save amendments to the Constitu- 
tion and such legislation as is necessarily preliminary to 
our being represented in the next Congress. I know of no 
prominent man, to whom this view has been expressed, 
who does not endorse it. 

I may possibly, after fuller knowledge shall have been 
acquired and the subject more thoroughly considered, go 
for not recognizing any of the war debt — but if I do it 

V will be on a diflPerent ground than the illegal considera- 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 415 

tion. This is properly a good loyal defense between in- 
'livlduals, but enlightened counsels where money has been 
lost at fair gaining will not advise his client to avail him- 
pelf of defense which will certainly degrade him among 
honest men. If the debt be so lai'ge that we can't pay it, 
then let us distribute assets pro rata among all our credi- 
lors. The old debt is hold, as for the grrntor part of it, -^ , a . i 

ninoiig those who have annihilated | of our ])ro|)crty. y ^ 
Lot them lose as our people, if we can't pay all. These 
urn my present views, but on such a question I will not 
trammel my judgment by the announcement of my con- 
clusions till I shall get all the facts — ^hear the matter can- 
vassed and obtain all the aids I can to enable me to judge 
with discretion. I regret that you have committed your- 
Si*lf but would not have you withdraw. Every man 
should act on his own convictions. Perhaps you can get 
out of yr dilemma as plausibly as the 'Standard has. 

I can give no attention to the buying cotton here or 
elsewhere. The laboring, etc. I leave with you and such 
aid as you may employ. You will have reed another let- 
ter from me inclosing one from Hathaway & Sons au- 
thorising me to draw on them for $6,000. for 90 days at 
Y per cent int. This and the other loan from Swepson 
are on the same terms. The amt is dangerous if the 
whole be not skillfully managed and will keep me uneasy. 
Would you like to have Dr. Roberts join us in the enters 
prise? I have not hinted it to him and will not till I 
hear from you. Jack was at Lumberton a week ago. He 
had pot a little cotton and was in good spirits — was going 
early this week to Sampson. I can buy gold here at about 
50 |KM* rent or a little short of it. It may Ik) expedient to 
convert it to specie. 

[ wrotx; Springs, Oak & Oo. on the 17 Aug. a full 
blooded letter for Ben Moffit, setting forth all his creditors 
and the amount due to each of them — ^with request that 
they would confer and report — I have had no answer. I 

,416 !NfoRTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

will try to find time to-morrow to address a like one to 
one of the other houses. I think he had better wait till 
he hears. 

I write David as you request. 

If I folt (Xirtuiu £ couhl advise you discreetly as lo 
withdrawing from the contest, (which I do not) this let- 
ter would not reach you in time — So you will consider 
me as endorsing the course you may have adopted. 

We are all well. Lucy Jones left for home to-day. 

To J. C. Sheen. 

Ralktotf, Sepr. 9th 1865. 

ofm^int^ilr Yours of tlic Gth iu3t is just to hand. 

Randolph county. You say "souio of the nuigiatratcs of Ilandolpli are 

causing persons to be arrested and bound over to Court 
for acts done by the militia while in service hunting de- 
serters under orders before the surrender of the army". 
You further say "The militia were ordered to hold a de- 
serter when found. If he did not stop they were onlciHMl 
to shoot. In some cases shooting was done because the 
party did not halt and a few were killed." 

I have submitted your letter to the Governor who au- 
thorises me to say that he wishes the magistrates to de- 
sist from such aiTcsta — that in authorising the Jiisliccs 
of the peace to bind over offenders against the criminal 
l(!iw he did not contemplate having parties arrested who 

^ were acting as soldiers under orders nor did he contem- 

plate conferring on him civil jurisdiction to try matters 
of civil controversy between man and man. He desires 
that questions of either character may be reserved until 
the Convention or the Genl Assembly shall have acted on 
them, and until the Courts shall be restored. While act- 
ing as- Civil Governor he wishes to exercise no doubtfnl 
powers — but simply to preserve order until civil govern- 


uieiit sbiill be ixsstorcd — Allow me to say for myself that I 
shall be truly sorry if my old friends shall allow them- 
selves to run into extremes. You are going off half-cocked 
on the question of State indebtedness. I am sure there 
is not one of you has the requisite information to come to 
a just conclusion. It is wholly unnecessary for the Con- 
vention to act on this matter and no discreet man will 
form inul declare bin opinion on so grave a question be- , 
fore it is necessary, and before be is as fully informed as 
]>ossiblo as to facts essentinl to conducting him to a wise 

Jn arresting militia for obeying orders, take care you 
don't get to standing so straight \_Line illegible'}. 


To B. 0. Worth. 

Haleiou^ Sepr. 11th 1866. 
I have reed two letters from you since your arrival in J'>«»»ny forobod- 

•'^ '^ ^ iiign as to tbo 

N. V"., in one of which you mention that you are consid-§|^{[JJ[]®'^« 
ering the e.NiHHiieney of going into business in N. Y. 
You are more competent than I am to decide on this mat- 
ter — I have no hesitation that it would be better for you 
and for every body else who is a white man to leave North 
Carolina. The South is never again, — at least for several 
generations — to l)o the happy and prosperous country it 
once was. We who were born here, will never get along 
with the free negroes, especially while the fools and dema- 
gogues of the North insist they must be our equals. This 
will not be tolerated. As an inferior race they will de- 
generate and retard all prosperity. — ^If the Yankees come 
here they will be allowed to kill them. This we are not 
allowed to do, and would not do if allowed. While the 
two races remain here in any thing like their present pro- 
portions, there can be neither comfort nor prosperity here. 


418 NoETH Carolina Historical Co&imission. 

The doubt is whether there will be good government even 
in N. Y. I think your scheme a good one — but you must 
keep wide awake as to the currency. A smash must come. 
All well. 

To ^Ym. H. Oliver.' 

Raleigh. Sepr. 11th 1865. 

Tn a book containing the r(H5ei|)t8 of some 150 individ- 
uals for horses belonging to the State, to be paid for on 
demand at a fair value, I find a recpt signed by Geo. S. 
Attmore in the following words. 

"Reed, of Capt. J. Hildesheimer for Capt. Oliver this 
25th of April 1805 at Greensboro N C the following (I. 
M. Stores viz 

14 horm^s 

52 mules — " 

Please explain what became of these horses and mules. 

"NTew Bern. 

To James A. Bryan.' 

Raleigh. Sepr. 11th 1865. 

I have deferred answering yours of the 3rd Aug. till 
I could see the receipts taken by Ca])t. llildeaheiiuor. 
They are now before us. All of them excepting youra 
obligate the receiver to pay to the Stale a fair vahu^ for 
the animal on demand. Yours recites that you had re- 
ceived a horse and mule, belonging to the State of N. 0. 
"to be turned over to some farmer in Wake Coimty by 
me". Immediately under this receipt is one signed Jno. 
D. Whitford per J as. A. Bryan for a first class mule for 
which he promises to pay "a fair value". 

> A prominent citizen of New Bern. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 419 

It ap})oar8 clear to me that the two animals reed by you 
I)e1oiig to the State and I request that they be surrendered 
to me to be sold for the benefit of the State. I will sub- 
mit this letter and the receipt book to the Govr, for his 
reversal of my judgment, if he thinks it erroneous. 

New Bern. 

!Z'o Afidrcw Jltml. 

Sepr. nth 1866. 

The duties of my office have been excessively laborious 
for ninny weeks i)n8t. I dirccted my clerk to answer your 
first letter in relation to your coupons on yr old State 
Ininds. I did not see his aiwwer. From yours of the 
21st ult. which is before me I fear he did not express 
himself clearly. He was directed to say that under the 
Provisional Govt. I neither had funds or authority to 
pay any State Idebtsf] whatever. The utmost we can do 
until money is raised by taxation, which the people could 
not now pay, is raise enough out of the fragments of State 
cotton, rosin etc. to pay the indispensable expenses of the 
Provisional Government The amount of old coupons 
now due is about $2,500,000. — more than three times as 
much as we ever raised, in sound currency, in any year, by 
taxation. I hope the State will not repudiate. 

To Jesse WcUJcer. 

Raleiqii, Sepr nth 1866. 

I reed and filed with my recommendations endorsed yr Rd*tin« to state 
n)>plication for the npimintment of Newton Newlin as P. 
AI. at New Market. 

I am sorry to learn that my old friends in Randolph 
have gone ofT half-cocked on the State debt. Many of 

420 NoBTU Carolina Historical. Commission. 

them, no doubt, thought they were following the lead of 
the Standard.. It now occupies exactly my position — 
that the Convention take no action on the subject. The 
State can pay nothing, — ^not a cou{K>n, — under the most 
favorable view, for more than a year from this date. Why 
hurry to a conclusion. The beat informed among you 
have not the knowledge of the subject necessary to conduct 
you to a judicious conclusion. If you repudiate the 
whole war debt, you break every Bank in the State, you 
destroy the University and connnou school, which own 
about i of the stock in these Banks, — ^you beggar nearly 
a thousand widows and orphans whose all is invested in 
the Banks and State bonds — and as to orphans, so in- 
vested by a law passed long before the wai* — and yon 
blot out of our coustcllatiou its brightest star — Jloiicaty. 
You encourage Dishonesty by State example. 

The old maxim — "Honesty is the best policy" is true 
now as it always has been and always will be. 

The whole of this war debt is due to onr own citizens. 
If the State pays none of it every body who holds a n<)to 
on any Bank of this State — a N. C. Treasury note or N. 
C bond loses in the ratio that the State gains. What the 
State gains her citizens lose. ^N^othing would be gained 
as to the aggregate wealth of the State. It is just as po- 
litic to make those who have confided in the honor of the 
State, lose all, or should all the tax-payers bear their share 
of o\ir folly? 

I own no Bank stock — ^no State bonds. I have a good 
doul of property left. As to getting into the war or get- 
ting o\it of it, I have a better record than any man in the 
State. I am not willing to disgrace my old mother by 
nmking her repudiate her debts — especially when she 
nukes nothing by it. The war debt ought to be scaled. 


To 8. Whilaker. 

Kaleioh, Sepr 16th 1865. 

Yours of the 16th Aug. is reed. 

I failed at Washington to get the Govt, to give up the JJJt.**"' *** ***** 
State property captured after the proclamation by Oenls 
Shcrvxan and Schofield' to the army and people of N. G. 
that peace cxiMed. This capture was rapacious and il- 
legal, as 1 think, and consequently impolitic. I succeeded 
however in getting an order forbidding further captures. 
1 have succeeded in securing a good deal and hope to 
raise enough to pay current expenses of the State one year. 

As to your inquiries — 

1. T think the State will pay her anie war debt — but 
when I cannot answer. There is about $2,500,000. of 
due unpaid coupons on this debt. The accruing interest 
is a little above $660,000. annually. If the state resume 
payment soon, the arrearages of interest will have to be 
paid by the issue of new bonds. The war debt, including 
H-J millions of Treasury notes, is a1x)ut $19,000,000. 
The State holds bonds on B. Es. and stock in them to amt 
of jil)out $10,000,000. This stock is probably as good as 
the State bonds. The war debt will be scaled if paid at 
all. I think it a balanced question whether any of it will 
be paid. The opinion I entertain that honesty and policy 
require that we pay it (scaled) is gaining ground. There 
is danger of repudiation once begun, it will reach the 
whole debt. 

2. No interest will be paid before Feb. 1866, if at all. 

3. The Treasury notes and bonds issued since the war 
will fare alike. 

I think there will bo not the least doubt as to our Con- 
vention yielding to the demands of our conquerors, by 
abolishing slavery. We are nearly unanimous in the Con- 
vention that the measure will disappoint its friends — that 
it will be ruinous to both races — ^l»nt imrticularly to the 

422 North Carolina Histobioal. Commission. 

blacks. No intelligent man sees any bright future. The 
Yankees who settle among us will kill out many of the 
negroes — a still larger number will perish by indolence. 
There can be no more supreme nonsense than the idea of 
making them the equal of the white man. The negiv, w^ 
the white man's inferior, will not be taken care of — they 
will perish out and be destroyed — and in the mean time 
will terribly clog our i)rosperity. I think our people do 
not maltreat the negro. Generally we look on him with 
compuHHioii — a coniimssiou lilllo Mi by tiu; Yankees 
among us. We will co-operate with our conquerors as far 
as we can, but we all know the scheme of \_Word illegihlel 
the negro by this same [Word illegible] insolent nonsense. 
I am much oppres8c<l with my duties and cannot find 
time to write more at length. 

Davenpobt, Iowa. 

To C. B. MaJlett. 

Sepr. 16 th 1865. 

I have 12 bbls of blasting powdcjr belonging to the State 
for sale. It is here. I would like to sell it at N. Y. price. 
I communicate the fact, hope you may be able to aid me 
in selling it. If I could sell it all, say 1200 lbs, I would 
send it to Egypt at the expense of the State and take N. 
Y. cost. I mean bv cost its value iu N. Y, at \\\v. time of 
the delivery. 


To 8. Whitaker. 

Sept. 20th 1S05. 
ReiaUnKtotbe The imprcssion seems to be general that the State will 

naymentof Uie x «=» 

State debt. p^y jjcr ante war di^bt. Some however oixjuly declare for 

straight out repudiation of the whole State debt — others 


for coiii|M>undi]ig. All the men of character and intelli- 
RiMico whom J have seen are for paying the old and new 
debt, scaling the latter to its specie vahie when created. 
I cannot speak with great confidence as to the final deci- 

The State cannot, at best, pay any coupons under a 

Jf the Slate can re-instate her credit, she will probably 
pay her outstanding coupons by the issue of new bonds 
sometime next year. The amount of coupons on our old 
Gs is about $2,500,000. This amt, is too heavy to be 
paid by a tax. 

All the reports as to the mal-treatment of the negroes in 
N . 0. ai*o lies outright. 

Davknport, Iowa. 

To B. MoffitL 

Sepr. 23rd 1866. 

Wo have not heard a word from the election in Ran- 
dolph. Three Old Whigs elected by an inunense maj.)rity 
in Democratic Wake. 

To Geo. W. Dill 

Raleigh. Sepr. 21^/66. 
Yours of the 21st inst. is received. When I last saw KxpiaimUon of 

failure to employ 

you it was my intention to ship through you so often as I wii. 
sliniild deem it rx])e<li(*iit to shi]) through your )H)rt. I 
<I(»sired for the State's interests to adopt the best lines an<l 
not lK»ing abb* to aseerfaiu satinfaetorily whether it was 
lH»st to ship at Newl)em or MoiThead City, I sent the first 
lot or two of cotton to Newbern. The cotton, sent from 
here in good order, arrived minus one bale in bad order in 

424 North Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

New York, as reported to me by my ageuts in New York. 
I learned that you wei*e agent for a line of steamers owneil 
by the same company which owned the linu by which 1 
had shipped from Newborn. I wished to avoid that line 
and therefore addressed another agent. 

I do not recognize the considerations you mention as 
imposing on me any obligation to employ you. The in- 
terest of the State will be the primary consideration with 
me. Personally I desire to oblige you, but the question 
whether you lost or gained by the salt works (as to which 
I am ignorant) or whether your remaining within the 
lines entitles you to a preference over others; (whether 
Ramsey remained within the lines or not I do not know) 
is not very clear to me. 

l^revious to the rcceipt of your letter, resting your 
claims on your remaining within the lines and on your 
connection with the salt works, my personal prepossessions 
were strongly in your favor, but no personal consideration 
will be allowed to interfere with the discharge of my duties 
to the State. My present information is that you have an 
interest in the line of atoiunors to which you refer: th»t 
the same Co. own a line from Newbern with which I 
have reason to be dissatisfied — and if I must ship by this 
line I prefer an agent who is not interested in the line. 

If I have been misinformed and can arrive at the con- 
clusion that the interests of the State will be as well sub- 
served by shipments from Morehead City through your 
agency as in any other way, I shall prefer you, on account 
of old acquaintance, and not on account of your remaining 
within the lines — or your connection with the salt works. 

Morehead City. 



To William Clark. 

Haleiqh. Sepr. £7/66. 

Your letter of the ISth inst. is just reed. Your letter 
inclosing one to Br. Milton dame promptly to hand and 
very soon thereafter I handed him the letter inclosed to 
him. Your long letter, in reply to my long one, has not 
conic to Iniiid. 

I have written to Manning today asking him for a full 
statement of evidence of debt due you, in his hands ; and 
also for a statement of any collections he may have made 
— and from whom. 

I learn from Dr. Woolen that you are under the impres- 
sion that Jesse Walker bought in your real estate for your 
iM^ncUit. This is a mistaken impression. Br. Milton and 
I held a consultation at the time of the sale and determined 
to buy it in for you if it went at a nominal price. We 
had no confidence in the title and had no idea of paying 
much. At the date of the sale Oonfed. currency had con- 
siderable value and the property went off at a price far 
above we deemed it expedient to bid. We believed (at 
least T did, and T think ho thus thought) the war would 
terminate as it has. You owe no obligation to any body 
here for the protection of your property. I think you 
ought to come here. If you do, stop here and let me post 
you fully before you go to Randolph. I am now oppressed 
with so many urgent duties that I can't write you fully. 
The Convention meets on the 2 proximo and I have many 
voluminous reports yet to prepare for it. 

I saved yr old negro man from being sold under the 
confiscation law. 

B. G. and daughter were in N. Y. when I last heard 
from them. In his letters to me he has not mentioned 
whether he would visit la. 

Sam Jackson and Zebulon Rush are the delegates from 
Randolph. Frank Caldwell, R. P. Dick — and friend 
Jonathan Harris from Guilford. 


North Cabouna Histobical Commission. 

Br. Milton has filed his petition and through my influ- 
ence it went on with a favorable eudorscment from the 
Govr. No action seems to have had on that and thou- 
sands of others from this State. 

It was held at Washington that 1 had been a traitor by 
holding a seat in the rebel Legislature. I filed a petition 
for pardon and it was promptly granted. 


To I. 0. Lash. 

Sepr. 29 1865. 

H^MofSommoDi On receipt of yours of yesterday I went into the House 

and found very many of the most eligible seats already 
lalK)lod — and one labelcnl fur you by yr. friend liancs, I 
presume. The seats adjacent to the one stilcctcd by him, 
bad been labelled for others. I found three adjacent seats 
on the first row to the extreme left of the speaker's chair, 
which I deemed quite as eligible as the one selected for 
you by Mr. Ilanes — and I pulled oflF his label and seated 
you, Starbuck and Patterson together in the location indi- 
cated, Avhich I deemed ^s good as I could find imoccupied. 
Hoping to profit much by your suggestions in my pres- 
ent important and embarrassing position — 


io Raleigh. 

To D. II. Slarhuch. 

Sepr. 29 1865. 

I have confined myself to your instructions — simply in- 
quiring for "a good boarding house and the terms; and 
making no election of a house or a room for. — 

The Planters', Yarborough and Cooke's are good houses. 
The price at the Planters' for a single room is $3.00 per 
day — at the Yarbovongh $4.00. There may Ik) stnne 
abatement at the Planters' if two occupy one room. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 427 

I have had no chauce to see Cookc. I used to board 
with him and like his House. 

lt(»ally oppressed with my duties. 


To J, J, Jackson, 

Kalkigu Scpr. 29/66. 
I inclose copy of D Ileatou's answer — would like to have Relating to ooi- 

- , ., lection of Stote 

copies of the evidence taken to prove that the 65-^ bales property, 
were not reported or taken into possession by an officer of 
the U. S. till after the 8th July 1865. 

I am informed by a treasury agent (IT. S.) that II. C. 
^lichaux, King's Mountain, Gaston County, N. C, re- 
jwrted to him 400 bales at Cherryville, Cleveland County, 
35 miles from Charlotte; and 12 bales at Oat's Factory, 
Lincoln County. This was probably Confederate cotton. 
If the evidences were made out against the holder the 
Slate could make a generous settlement with the holder 
and lM»th parties Iw benefitted. 


To Geo. Makepeace. 

Kaleigii Sepr. 20th 1865. 

I am truly vexed that you have made out no statement ^jmjj^JJ"*^* 
of the accounts between Cedar Falls Co. and the State. •*^*»"°*- 
My attention has been repeatedly called to the 100 bales 
of cotton you got just at the close of the war. From what 
you told me I supposed you could show that it was trans- 
ferred to and was the property of Cedar Falls Co., but that 
souiething was due to the State. I get no State property* 
of any consetpience except by summoning the parties here 
and extorting the evidence upon oath. Notwithstanding 
my interest in the Company, I shall resort to the same 

428 NoKTH Carolina Histobigal Commission. 

course with jou, if a written exhibit be not made very 
soon. Your delay in making this showing, without any 
explanation, seems to me inexcusable. 


To J. J, Jackson, 

Oct. 6th 1865. 
Beuunffto J lia\'e hopes that the efficient measures to compel Richd. 

private DiuiDO» ^ *■ ■ ^ 

*"'**" Harris and others to give up cotton to the State bought 

with Confederate money, may wake up E. Ingram to the 
necessity of letting me have my cotton. 

HI®, failure to comply with his bargin has damaged me 
move than $100. J)r. KolKirts and iny two wa(;oiis and 
tenins iiuvo spout uioro than two wci'ks after the cotton and 
got nothing. Sam. saw Ingram last week. He seemed 
inclined to let me have the cotton, but thought I would 
give him something more. Kather than be annoyed with 
a e<mtroversy, if he will pick and pack good cotton, in 
good order and deliver it, will pay him $4:00. more as 
soon as I can get the cotton to N. Y. and I will send it 
forward as quick as transportation can be had. To this 
end you may employ teams and of the 26 bales now packed 
and the rest as fast as he gets it baled. The baling and 
rope is at Sam's house in Asheboro and would have to be 
sent for — and if there is not enough, notify me and I will 
send enough from here. 

Sho\ild ho ngrco to put it up for mc, got oif tho 26 bales, 
and hire an agent for me to superintend the picking and 
packing of the rest. He has damaged cotton in bales and 
I fear fraud. 

I do not desire you to make at once the offer to pay 
- $400. After you see him and converse with him adopt 
tho course you deem best — showing him my letter to the 
Govr. and Qonl Tingor's order may not bo amiss. ITo will 
show you a letter I wrote him after Dr. Robert's return. 
I may send you a copy of it to-morrow. 


Correspondence ok Jonathan Worth. 429 

I incloso powers of atto. The quantity of cotton he 
owes me is 25000 lbs. 

Mr. Ilnuiniond has handed me package of affidavits 
taken by you which I will try to read to-night. All well. 


To General Ruger. 

Oct. 10th 1806. 

My agent at Greensboro reports to me that Capt. Lyons 
had not reed from you the telegram you told me you would 
srnd him in relation to State property (other than cotton) 
in his hands. Presuming you have forgotten to send it, I 
take the liberty of reminding you of it. 

To M. Jarrell 

Oct. 11th 1866. 

Did you got a box from mo containing some empty bot- 
tles and a letter asking you to fill them with some good 
whisky or brandy and to send them to me by R. R. I am 
particularly dry. 

High Point. 


'To John Pool <C Lewis Thompson. 

Oct. 16th 1866. 
I liave been in most painful uncertitude for some days Annoancing hia 

. * " cicclnlon to run for 

past, whc^tJier 1 should allow my name to bo used as aP»vcnior. 
('andidute for (lovr. Many of my cherished frioiuls, and 
chief among them, yourselves from prudential motives, as 
well as personal regard for me, have earnestly pressed 




^ w 

0^ ■ 

430 NoBTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

me^ not to consent. Love of quiet, an earnest desire to 
conform to your views, and the personal kindness I have 
for several ycare experienced from Mr. Iloldeu have Ikh'ii 
weighed against the questions of principle involved. 

One of those principles is that it is exi>odieiit to yield 
to the supposed wishes of the Prest. 

Believing the Prest. to be a genuine Union man, I 
deem him incapable of desiring that his preferences should 
control the vote of the State and for good reasons, he 
would rather a TTiiiou uiau, of any consisUtiit rcutord, wrrr 
elected over Mr. llolden. 

The course Gov. Holden has pursued in refusing even 
a hearing to so steadfast a Union man, as Turner, and in 
recommending the suspension of a pardon to Graham, 
Gilmer and others of like stripe, while he favored (he 
pardon of Bridgers, Arrington, Cameron and other 80i»es- 
sionists, has produced indignation in the minds of nuuiy 
of the best men in the State. With the utmost deference 
to your views, and with painful misgivings, as to the cor- 
rectness of my judgment, when diflfering from you, T think 
the real interests of the State require that the nauu^ of a 
consistent opponent of disunion ought to be run; an<l be- 
lieving that a large number of consistent Union men have 
their minds fixed on me than on any other man for the 
present, I deem it my duty to allow them the use of my 
name, and I assent to this sense of duty Avith the painful 
feeling with ^vhieli T recorded my vote in 18(51, against 
the call of a Convention. Tf the result shall be now, as 
then, against the popular will, I shall have now, as then, 
a consolation of which nobody can deprive me — and which 
I value above all other things — the conviction that I have 
done my duty. 

I have not made known this decision to any person 
whatever, and announce it to you first of all, on account 
of the friendly solicitude you have exhibited to induce me 
to adopt a different decision. 

Correspondence ov Jonathan Worth. 431 

In casting your votes against nic, which I infer you 
will feel it your duty to do, I beg you to feel assured that 
1 accord to you the right I exercise for myself, to vote 
according to your convictions of duty, and shall feel for 
you and other valued friends who may concur in your 
vie^vs the same sincerity of friendship which has always 
existed between us. 

To avoid fho collision I would willingly submit to a 
majority of the (^mvcntion a decision of the question 
wholhrr Gov. Jloldeu or mvself shall be the Candidate. J 
do not know the wishes of one half the members. I have 
made known this suggestion to no one. 

[P. S.] — In my last interview with you I had a strong 
disposition not to allow my name to be run and so ex- 
pressed myself to you, but I have never peremptorily de- 
cided on the matter till now — and have not even announced 
this decision to any person whatever, excepting yourselves. 

To W. W. Iloldetu' 

Kalkioii, Oct. nih 1806. 

I have reluctantly yielded to the pressing solicitations of ^IJJiJSJ*^"]^^'* 
friends to allow my name to be run as Civil Governor of ko^«™o^- 
North Carolina, and as I presume you intend to be a candi- 
date for the samo oHice it occjurs to me as pfHsible that you 
may [prefer] on this awoiint that another phould fill the 
|K)8ition of Provisional Treasurer during the continuance 
of your present administration: and I therefore respect- 
fully tender to you my resignation, to take effect at any 
time when you may make known your wishes to this eflfect, 
assuring you however that in the mean time, I will dili- 
gently atteud to all the duties of the office. I do not propose 
to make any Canvass, or otherwise withdraw my attention 

' This letter was never sent. 

432 North Caholina Histokioal Commission. 

from my responsible oiBcial duties. I am determined that 
on my part, nothing shall be done which shall furnish any 
just cause for any personal estrangement between us ; and 
I am willing, if it be your pleasure, to continue to dis- 
charge my duties as I have hitherto done. 

I desire that the personal rivalry between us as may be 
generous, furnishing no occasion for marring the friendly 
and personal and official relations which have existed be- 
tween us. 

To John Pool. 

Raleigh, Oct. 17th, 1805. 

caiidTdacJ^&r*** ^ ^^^^ decided that it is my duty to yield my assent to 
governor ^^iq eamcst wishcs of my friends, to allow my name to be 

run for Governor. 

On many accounts I have yielded with positive pain. 
It grieves me to take a step against the wishes of such 
valued friends as yourself, Thompson, Reade, Caldwell & 
Donnell: but I am certain that Mr. Iloldeu cannot be 
elected Civil Governor without extreme dissatisfaction to 
a very large number of the voters of the State. 1 am 
deeply sensible to the expediency of harmony, but this 
harmony can be attained only in one way, the withdrawal 
of Govr. Holden. 

If he would come out in a card declaring bis willinj;- 
noss to withdraw, for the sake of harmony, I think (here 
would be no bitterness of feeling against me and he would 
place himself in a far moi'o enviable position, than lie 
would occupy, elected Govr. with so animosity existing 
against him: or, if deemed best, both of us might with* 
draw, under an agreement that the name of Judge Reade 
should bo run. This, in my opinion, is tlie only practiea- 


ble plan of procuring harmony. 

North Cakolina Historioal Commission. 433 

To B. S. Iledrich.^ 

Raleigh, Oct. 18/66. 

Can auy thing be done to counter-act the impression 
which Holdens' friends mainly rely upon, that my election 
over him would be disagreeable to the South and the 
North ? It must be done quickly, if at all. 

AVarifington, D. C. 

To A. W. Ingold. 

Raleigh, Oct. 18/66. 

Yours of the 17th has reached me to-day too late for a JJJ'jJJ^J**^^ 
reply by to-day's mail. rr«idenf. choice. 

I have no itjuson to believe that the Trest desires Mr. 
llolden's election as Civil Qovr, and have not the least idea 
that he or any other disinterested Union man has any re- 
pugnance to my election. The whole course of Prest 
Johnson forbids the idea that he would, by the expression 
of his will, or olherwise, intorfero with the free right of 
the ]>eoplo to vote. It \h a very oflicirnt an<l unworthy 
ox{>cdient, bused on tho idea that the Pi-cst is a tyrant and 
the people servile — ^but it 'is inexpedient, as I think, for 
me to say more for the public than I have said in my cir- 
cular published in the Sentinel of to-day. 

You will see that 53 members of tho Convention signed 
an invitation to Gov. II. to be a candidate. Every mem- 
ber was approached. The inference is that 67 refused. 
Many of those who signed were induced to do so by its 

' B. 8. Hedrick, a native of Davidson county, was a graduato of tho 
Stato Univemity, and profras^r from 1854 to IRTiG, wlien ho was forced 
out by tlic trustees, public opinion bc*n$r much aroused by his aboli- 
tion sentiments. lie l>ecamo Chemical Examiner of the United States 
Patent Omce in 1861. W. W. Motden had been the first to call the 
attention of the public to liis anti-slavery doctrines, and vehemently 
demanded in his paper, the Standard, Hedrick's dismissal. Ai> might 
be supposed Mr. Hedrick bore him no great amount of good will. 


being represented to them that I would not run. Whether 
I can be elected or not, with so many men silenced by 
favors from the Govr — and so many who felt his inlluence 
is to be seen : but you may rely on this, that I have numer- 
ous and influential men ardently supporting me through- 
out the State. I know not what support I shall have from 
the press. I am gratified at the expression of yr intention 
to support me. 

You will understand that no portion of this letter is 
intended for the press. 

I am satisfied that the Prest would prefer my election 
over Holdeu but I have not such evidence of it as I can 
give to the press. 

Queens BOKO. 

To W. W. Iloldcu. 

Rat-eioh, Oct. 18th 1865. 
offeriiiff 10 resign I decided two days ago to allow my friends to nm my 
^'^•«*^'- name as a Candidate for Civil Governor of the State. As 

you are a Candidate for the saiuie ])osition, and I hold \\\v 
office of Public Treasurer under your apiK)intment, it <k;- 
curs to me as possible that it may not be agreeable to you 
for me to continue in my present position. I therefore 
tender to you my resignation to take effect whenever you 
shall appoint my successor, assuring you however that in 
the mean time I will diligently attend to all the duties of 
the office. 1 <lo not pro]M>se to nuiko any euuvass or <»llic'r- 
wise withdraw my attention from my responsible official 
duties. I am determined that on my part nothing shall 
be done which shall furnish any just cause for any per- 
sonal estrangement between us : and I am willing, if it be 
your pleasure, to continue to discharge the duties of my 
oflice as 1 have hitherto done, so long as it may be agree- 
able to you. 

I desire that the personal rivalry between us for a 
highly honorable position, may be generous, furnishing no 

North Carolina Historical. Commission. 435 

just occasion for marring tlic friendly, personal and offi- 
cial relations which have hitherto existed between us. 

To A. M. Tomlinson. 

Ralkioji, Oct. 18th 1866. 
Your noic:hl)orhoo<l was tlic first in the State to propose KxpiiiiiiiiiRrctw>nii 

^ 1 . i. z^ r for hl« caiidWttcy. 

my name as your nrst choice for Oovernor. I am no 
manager for political preferment, and though gratified by 
the compliment, had little expectation then that such a 
pressure would be made upon me as constrains me to allow 
my name to be used as a Candidate. When you see 53 
meml)ers of the Convention soliciting Gov. Ilolden to run 
you nuiy think him a vobuitoor. Remember there are 
()7 more who would not sign it- — ^And of the 53 many 
were induced to sign by assurance that I would not con- 
sent to run. I yielded with extreme reluctance, very 
many of the 53 who are my particular friends, were under 
obligations to Gov. Ilolden for favoring their pardons, 
giving them or their friends api>oinfments, etc. These 
wisliod to vote for mo of choice, but felt under constraint. 
Some of these among them, Tool, Thompson, Donnell, Tod9 
Caldwell and others, begged me not to run, because they -- 
greatly preferred me but felt their hands tied. The most » 
of the straight out old anti secession men, would not vote 
{or Tlolden, who had taught disunion so long. All who 
would not vote for him with one voice centered on me. 
The i^ressure was irresistible. My record is the best in 
the State, as all concede. 

I inclose my card to the public and snatch a little time 
to say that my mortification would Ikj great indeed, even 
if I werc elected, if Randolph should not stand up to me 
as in times jmst. If she <loes not, it will Ik; because Ran- 
dolph has changed and not I. Not one of those who will 
vote against me contends that I am less competent than 
my competitor. They insist that an old Secessionist — a 
new convert to Union, will be preferred by the Prest and 


Congress over one whose life is consistently for Union. I 
need not say to you that this is all guess work. 

May I hope for a rally of my old friends? I hope so. 

Mr. Worth* 8 Circular.^ 

His Record As a Union Man. His Consistency, &c., &c. 

For some time past, I have boon earnestly i)rcsscd by my 
friends in all parts of the State, who respect my constant 
opposition to the doctrine of secession and my adhesion to 
the Union, to allow my name to be run as a candidate for 
civil Governor of this State. 

I have listened reluctantly to these solicitations for sev- 
eral reasons. I love quiet, and desire to avoid the vitu- 
peration which is unfortunately the common consci]ui'uco 
of being a candidate for political position. 

A further consideration which has operated upon me, 
has been the fears of many that rivalry, for this position 
might produce angry discussion at a time when it is de- 
sirable that we should quietly and harmoniously resume 
our place around the board of the old Union. 

If I thought my being a candidate would be prejudicial 
to our full restoration to the Union, I would be the last 
man to coimtenance the use of my name. Why should 
the President or Congress object to my being elected Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina ? 
liuitttes hu record. The joumals of our General Assembly of 1831, when 

Mr. Calhoun's splendid talents gave prominence to Nulli- 
fication, show that I introduced a resolution in the House 
of Commons, denouncing that doctrine. This resolution, 
after a violent debate, was adopted by a large majority, 
and gave the quietus to this doctrine in North Carolina. 
When it revived in this State under the new name of se- 

i Published in the SemHtiei of October 18, 1865. 

North Carolina Historical Commission. 437 

cession, and was advocated by soino of our prominent pa- 
pers in the session of 18G0-C1, the journals show, and most 
of you will remember how, in a forlorn minority, I con- 
stantly combatted it 

When at last, in January, 18G1, a majority passed the 
bill submitting it to the people in a time of terror and 
c»xcitoHient, to decide whether they would have a Conven- 
tion, the action of which was to bo restricted to national 
affairs, I voted against it, and addressed a circular to my 
constituents, giving reasons why I thought they should 
vote "No Convention." The immense majority by which 
they sustained my views gave me more satisfaction than 
any event of my political life. This circular was inserted 
in most of the newspapers published west of Kaleigh. 

In May, 18G1, after the war had commenced, the Gen- 
eral Assembly was called in extra session, and on the first 
day of the session a bill for the calling of a Convention 
passed its three readings. The journals of the Senate 
show that I offered an amendment, providing that no action 
of the Convention amending the constitution of the State 
or annexing or confederating us with another government 
should have any validity until ratified by a vote of the 
people ; and upon the.rejection of this amendment I voted; 
on the third reading, with only two others — Turner, of 
Orange, and Sharpe, of Iredell — against the bill. 

The immense majority of my countrymen (above two 
thousand five hundred votes "No Convention" to forty-five 
votes "Convention") evinced their approval of my con- 
ihwL I was earnestly pressed to allow my name to be run 
for the Convention of 1861. In a public address to a vast 
assembly of my countrymen, they will remember how 
earnestly 1 In^songht them not to vote for me. I knew the 
C\»nvc»ntiou would swede. I seemed under surrounding l 
eirennistjinecs, inevitable; but I apprehended the terrible ^ 
consequences which has followed and was unwilling to 


I could not get the assent of my mind or heart to take 
part in the beginning, of what I was sure would be one of 
the most terrible convulsions in history. I have at nil 
times since kwked back on its course in all these instniicMs 
with great satisfaction, llow then can my election as 
Governor of North Carolina give offense to the President 
or to the Congress of the United States, or to any friend 
of our glorious Union ? 

The pretense constantly pressed that no other man 
whom you can elect, excepting an appointee of the* Presi- 
dent, would be satisfactory to the President, does him 
great injustice. He does not demand of us a surrender 
of our manhood. Every act of his and the military offi- 
cers in this State under his command proves that he 
wishes you to east your votes for men of your free elioic«'. 
Witness his action in Mississippi, where the Confederate 
General Humphreys was elected over the nominee of tlie 
State Convention, and the President immediately granted 
his pardon. 
johiiwiK ^'^^*"* "^^^ President is a great and sagacious statesman. 

When we promise our allegiance to the United States, he 
believes us. He knows that confidence on one side begets 
confidence on the other. When Governor Sharkey of 
Mississippi lately ordered the organization of two compa- 
nies of militia for each county, to preserve order, and in- 
vited the young men lately disban<led as Confederate sol- 
diers to join said com])anies. General Slocum, the United 
States ofKeer in command in that State, forbade such or- 
ganization, on Ihe ground ihat nun so lat( ly in the army 
of the Confederacy ought not to be trusted with arms. 
The President directe<l General Slocum to revoke his 
order, and sustained Governor Sharkey. 

In this he showed that he is not a narrow-minded man. 
He knew that the soldiers who had been true to their col- 
ors when fighting under the Southern flag, would not for- 
fcit their military h^iDr when they entered service under 

NoBTM Carolina Histobioal Commission. 439 

the flag of tho United States. Nobody now meditates 
f urtlu r resistance to the United States, and I hope the day 
is not distant when a general amnesty will be granted. 

I trust the action of our Convention now sitting, will 
satisfy the whole nation as to our earnest desire to return 
to full communion with the United States. 

In consenting to be a candidate for Governor, I have no 
intrnlidu to a?8uil any one. Nothing shall be done on my 
part which can bo justly oflFensive to any jwrsoiu I hoi)e 
that any rivalry for a highly honorable position which 
n^ay occur, will be manly and generous, and that nothing 
will take place to mar the friendly personal relations which 
no;v exist between myself and any other citizen. 

I have endeavored as Provisional Treasurer, under the 
nppoiulnirut of (U^venior lloldrn, (o (lischarge all my 
duties for the best interests of the State, and consequtntly 
for the success of his administration, and he has promptly 
given me all the aid I have asked of him, in securing ihe 
])ublic property, and in the execution of all my duties. 

I know of no oilier mntfers not embraced iu my reports 
to the C!onvention, and the ordinances of the Convention, 
which I approve, about which yoti may wish to know my 

If it should be your pleasure to elevate me to the hon- 
orable and responsible position to which I aspire, my past 
life and conduct are the best guaranty I can offer, as to 
what may \ye expected from me. As far as my official po- 
sition would enable me to do it, both from inclination and 
from conviction of duty, I should endeavor to soften the 
animosities which have grown out of the horrible war now 
linppily ended. If some of us have grievously (Tnd, 
grievously have all of us atoned for it. I should endeavor 
to encourage a spirit of mutual forgiveness — a return to 
the habits of law and order and steadfast attachment to 
the Union, which made us so great and so prosperous a 
lieople whilst we adhered to the counsels of Washington. 


If the great body of those whom we lately called our ene- 
mies shall concur, as I hope and believe they will, in the 
generous policy of the President, the wounds we have nni- 
tually inflicted will heal, and fraternity of feeling return. 

Jonathan Wobth. 

To Z. B. Vance. 

Raleiou, Oct. ZOth lSa5. 

u^t^^^^^ Yours of the 13th inst. came to hand by to-day's mail. 
og^niUons of the j thank you for the fact it evinces that you have confi- 
dence in my honor and in my personal regard for you. 

I wish I had time to go largely into the subject of your 

In the first place let me assure you that if any suspects 
you of any species of peculution, the suspicion is coutimd 
to the band of a very small number of very ignoble men. 

Even Lewis Thompson, whose prejudices have allied 
him with Mr. Holden, admitted to me last week that there 
was no ground to charge you ^vith peculation or the least 
connivance at it in any body else. 

The proposition to investigate sprung chiefly out of the 
report pf White as to Planner's detention of a large sum — 
and the account exhibited by J. T. Hughes as to the dis- 
bursement of the $10,000. gold placed in his hands to 
buy rosin. His vouchers for rosin bought would not 
cover $700. of the gold, but vouchers for traveling expen- 
ses and other business than the pui*eh«8o of rosiu, — samr 
thirty or forty thousand dollara, for com, paid Power, 
Lane & Co. for repacking cotton, — some $2200. in gold 
paid to Major Devereux and Dowd and for freight on cot- 
ton from Wilmington to Fayetteville — some $1500., re- 
tained on account of an alleged advance of this amt to the 
crew of the "Advance" on his return from Europe, and 
about $72,000. of Con money, reed for the sale of gold. 
This showing, on its face, doesn't look well. He rests 

North Carot.ina Histobioal Oommisbiom. 441 

such of these expenditures as are not warranted by his 
eoniraission, on alleged verbal orders from you. 

You will have seen what White says of Flanner. It 
seems that ho has 7000. or 8,000 in his hands which White 
could not prevail on him to pay over. 

No one abhors the tyranny which oppresses you more 
than I. do. It must be distressing to you, but there is 
eortainly a brighter day ahead for you. I need not say 
to a man of your determined will, that you must not be- 
come dispondcnt. You have hosts of friends and when 
they can speak with safety they will speak. 

Having been constrained to be a Candidate for Govr., 
I have tendered my resignation as Public Treas, offering 
however to continue in my present office until Govr. 
Iloldcn shall choose to appoint my successor. On sev- 
eral accounts, none of which are personal, I would prefer 
to remain in office — ^but I am mistaken if my sin be not 
visited with swift decapitation. 

Give my kindest regards to Mrs. Vance. 


To E. M. Welbom. 

Raleigh, Oct. £0/65. 

I sent to the R. R. a hasty note to you and some circular 
lickotfl, o\c. AVlielhcr a suitablo agency was found by 
which they could bo sent is uncertain, — and Mr. Bynum 
having agreed to carry a bundle for me, I send another 
small lot. If from any cause you should be unwilling to 
support me, I know you will oblige me by placing the in- 
closure in the hands of some friend who will give the the 
right direction.. 

P.S. The press already teems with lies, such as that 
I am in favor of paying all the war debt — that nobody but 
Gov. Holden can get us into the Union, etc. They are 
frightened and will resort to every means to prejudice me. 


To B. 0. Worth. 

Raleigh, Oct. 20/05. 

When I saw you laat I inferred from wliat you said 
that, you had money you were not, lik(^ly to use? f(»r w f(!\v 
months. If so, lend me $500. to be paid on eall. 

I have tendered my resignation and think it will be 

It sounds here like I was going to be elected Govr. by a 
largo uuijority. If not, T hIiuU listen favorably lo your 

I will be at Roxana's next Monday and Tuesday. 
Would like to get the $500. there. If it were $700. or 
$800. it would suit better. 

To B. 8. Iledrick. 

IUlkioh, Oct. 21 1865. 

I inclose the last Standard. Read it — particularly the 
brief article headed "the issue." It will be hard to re- 
sist the eflFcct of the \vill of the president, as ex])Ouudeil 
by Mr. Iloldcu, that the issue is llobleu and *'Oo Hack" — 
or Worth and "Stay Out" of the Union. As the Standard 
is edited by a eon of Gov. Holden, it is understood as ex- 
pounding the President's will. I am persuaded the Pres- 
ident would allow us a free elcK^tiou. The im])re88iou is 
made that the Prest. requires the election of Mr. llobleu 
as a condition ])r(H:edent to our re-admit^sion into the 
Union. This is the only obstacle to my election. 

Washington, D. C. 

NoBTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 443 

To F. E. Shoher.^ 

RALKinir, Oct. 21/65. 

I thank you for your encouraging letter of the^ 19tb ReijynKtohis 

I entered the contest with eixtreine reluctance, knowing 
how unscrupulously I would be assailed by my vindictive 
np]MHinnt, nn<l tho iuiinciLsc odds the use of his late putrou- 
n^e gives him over me: but the accounts thus far received 
fnHii evrry direction arc most cheering to me and 1 now 
have hopes of beating him largely. 

You wilJ see that the Standard is itself again. 

In this short race every thing de}>ends on the activity of 
my friends and I am glad to know that they generally en- 
ter the race with much more zeal, than the other side does. 

It is generally conceded that I will beat him largely in 
the East. 

[P. S.] — Can the Iredell paper be induced to go for 


To J. \V. Payne. 

Raleigh, Oct. 2S/66. 

I found to-day among some papers which reaelud here 
with the executive papers from Greensboro the annexed 
right of Jno. R. Hancock for two-horse State wagon. I 
don't know Hancock. 

Uid Col. Ruger have the wagons turned over to you ? 

What do you hear as to my prospects of licating Gov. 

' Fmncis E. Shober of Rowan, was an opponent of secession, and 
was a conservative member of the Legislatures of 1K62 and 1864. In 
IS(i8 and in 1870 he was elected to Congress as a Democrat. He was 
acting 8. cretary of the U. S. Senate from 1881 to 1883 


It is conceded here that I will get a large majority East 
of here. 

I am told that Mr. Dick gave it ns his opinion thai 
Guilford and Randolph would go against me. (lud for 
hid it. 


To P. R. Harden. 

Raleigh Oct. 23/65 

I have inquired of the officer who has charge of the 
pardoning department in the Governor's office, as to your 
pardon. He says your pardon has not come to hand — that 
it has hoon advertised oa having Ikhmi rcHMrivcd, i( was a 

Can you give me any information as to what Iho i>co- 
ple say about voting for or against their old school-man 
for Governor? 

G HAH am. 

Thomas Branch & Sons. 

Raleigh Oct. 23/65 

No notice has been specially served on the Pub. Treasr. 
so far as I am informed, forbidding the payment of the 
Floyd lK)nds or the coupons then on — nor can I ]H'rcciv«' 
how the State could justify the with-holding of pavnionl. 
if such notice had been served. They are all payable to 

Peteusbubq^ Va. 

North Carolina Historical Commission. 445 

To Jfio. L. Brown. 

Kalejoii. Oct. 26th 1866. 

Your encouraging letter is reed, for which accept my Expressing hope of 
thanks. Knowing the power with my opponent wields, 
the patronage by which he has bought up so many and 
the vindicative and unscrupulous assaults which will be 
iiuulo on ino, T coiisoiiNul to ho candidnto with cxtroino ro- 
liictanco. I am now much cheered by all the intelligence 
i(*iiching me from every part of the State. I fool confi- 
dent, if my friends are active, that I shall beat him badly. 

I am surprised that Mr. Yates should prefer Mr. 
llolden over me. 

I think repudiating ordinance does not apply to any of 
ihc internal improvement bonds. 


To Dr. W. P. Pugh. 

Raleigh, OcL 28/66. 
Voiirs of the 2Gth inst is reed. I thank you for your kx plaining his 

"* *' attltudo In rmrd 

candor. That there should be division and hesitation <<> the war debt, 
junong my life-long political friends is painful, and I like 
lo understand facts as they are. That old Union men 
-should prefer a recent convert to one whose whole life has 
icaistcd Disunion is strange. I infer from your letter that 
(his division is attributable to my supposed advocacy of 
assuming the war debt. My position on this is my late 
-speech at Asheboro — and in my report to the Conven- 
iion was distinctly this — that there was no necessity for 
iinmcdinto action — and that I preferred for myself and 
Hie ])eople to have time to consider it in all its bearings. I 
• ledarcd in tliat speech and my report submitted to the 
Oonvention that I had arrived at no satisfactory conclu- 
sions and could then submit no recommendations. The 
^landard had taken the same ground. The Governor sent 


in my report with his approval. He and I stood on the 
identical same ground on this subject until my name was 
announced for Gov. Siiwc then I lie iMinlcn of the tHaml- 
ai'd's song has been that 1 wanted to oppress the {H'oph* 
with taxation to ]my tliis war d<4)t. Why should I 'i I 
don't own a dollar in Bank or State stock. I have prop- 
erty and must pay my part of the taxes : The question is 
now forever settled. I am for letting the matter rest when* 
it is. Why should a dead issue prejudice me? even if I 
had taken a different position from my competitor; but in 
fact we agreed out and otd on this question till I became 
a candidate. Then the Standard, with its usual dexterity, 
brings this charge against me and by continual reiteration 
is prejudicing me. — 

I am what 1 always was. If an adroit electioneering 
paper shall succeed in alienating my life-long friends on 
an eve of an election, I can only regret the mutability of 
popular favor and fall back on the resource which has 
often been my chief comfort — a conscience which assures 
me T have always done what I thought right and for the 
best interests of my country. 

To J, J. Jackson. 

JIalkiqu, Nov. Sd, 1S05. 

lied rick says the Attorney-General assures him the 
President wishes the people of N. 0. to vote as they please 
for Governor. Tf he did not, the granting us an electtiiui 
would be a mockery. If our people have become so ser- 
vile that their choice is controlled by the supposed dicta- 
tion of the President, then I do not want to Ikj governor. 
The pretense that the President requires the election of 
Ilolden is based entirely on the affirmation of Ilolden. Tf 
the i)eople are to he thus controlled, an inde]x»ndent man 
can feel no pride in popular favor. 


1 have not time to have llcdrick's letter copied. 

I send facts for the people, my circulars ami Turner's 

On Friday last, Faircloth of Wayne, who was one of the 
members of the convention who signed the petition asking 
Ilolden to be a candidate, in a public speech in Wayne de- 
clared he did not feel bonnd and would not vote for him. 
The news is that I will l)eat 2 or 3 to 1 in Wayne. Allen 
Tondinson writes me all is coming right in 1{andolpli. I 
hear nothing discouraging except from Chatham. The 
issue is whether Denvagogtuexsm shall hereafter stalk about 
on stilts. 

From Jos. L. Cannon.^ 

Kaleigh, Nov. 16th 1866. 


I am directed by the Governor to inform you that vour Accepting his 

•^ •f »> resignation as Pro- 

resignation is accepted, to take effect from to-day and to f*»<onai Treasurer, 
reqnwt you to turn over the records and effects of the office 
to the Dr. Willinm Slonu, your successor. 

To B. G. and J. A. Worth. 

Ralkioii, Nov. 18/66. 

I reed yours of the 3lpt inclosing your check on J. L. Relating to his 
Ilatliaway for t$500. T deface and return it, having sup- 
plied my wants before it came to hand. 

We have heard from so nearly the whole State that there 
is no no doidit of my election by some GOOO or 7000 ma- 
jority. Tlie monutain district, for want of time to enable 
(he people to get information, generally went against me 
on the idea that it was the only chance to get favor from 
the Prest. 

Private Secretary to Governor H olden. 

448 NoBTH Oabolina Histobioai< OoMKiasioir. 

The Govr. has exhibited his crafty malevolence by re- 
moving me as Treas. and appointing his friend Dr. Sloan 
who was so disastrously beaten for Congross in the Cliar- 
lotte District 

There is a bed of rosin in Sampson »ni)posoil to cantain 
some 6000 bbls about 25 miles from the W. & W. R. R. 
and about the same distance from Fayetteville. I think 
the same contract and at tho same price could be uuuh ft»r 
its delivery either at Fayetteville or on tlie R. R. — Perhaps 
you could contract for its delivery in Wihnington at what- 
ever it may cost per bbl to deliver the Conwall Stuart bed 
in Wilmington. It would be a good job for our boat. If 
anything be done, it cannot be done too promptly. 

All well. 

To B. 0. Worth. 

Raleigh Nov. £1/65. 

Yours of the 18th reed. I am elected beyond all doubt 
— there are however some 25 counties not yet heard from. 
It is almost certain that 10 of these will give me majori- 
ties — 15, nearly all in the extreme West, will probably 
give majorities against me. My present majority is about 
YOOO. The Standard at last concedes that I am elected by 
from 3000 to 5000. It will probably be about 6000. 

When the Provl. Govr. will be directed to vacate is un- 
certain but I presume it will be soon after the mooting of 
the Ocnl A. 
iTiviii« buiriiiww la iiiy judgincut only those who have nuide themselves 

responsible to the building of the boat have any right to 
participate in the profits of the sale — and the amount of 
stock which is taken in the duplicated order ought to be 
fixed at once in writing. If the enterprise prove a bad 
one, none will feel bound share the loss — and even if will- 


iug to sliuro it, it ^voul(l be impossible to ascertain the 
quantum of loss which each one should bear. You under- 
stand, liowcvcr, better than I do, all the facts — and I am 
willing to abide your judgment in the premises. It seems 
clear to me that no one is entitled to share profits who 
would not have been liable for loss. 

We are all well and I am getting used to being called 
Oovr. Worth. 

I hoped to have visited Wilmington this wedc. I find 
that I can't leave here. 

To P. B. Harden. 

Raleigh. Nov. 21/65. 

If all the operations of your agency for the State be 
complete, as I suppose they are, it is desirable to have a 
final settlement with you very soon. Since the result of 
the election the Govr. has notified me of his willingness 
that I rotiro from this oflTice nnd has appointed my suc- 
cessor. I had made known my willingness, if he desired 
it, to continue in the ofliicc. So it is a virtual removal. 


To J. M. Worth. 

Ealeioh Nov. £3/66. 

Your letter and package of Bank notes arrived to-day. Discussion of hii 
I got separate bids from the brokers and sold at the highest ^ ^ '*"' 
price I could get. There were several inaccuracies in the 
coinit. I write from home — expected to have gone back 
after dinner and sent you check and statement to-night — 
but felt unwell and did not go back. I will inclose check 
and statement in the morning. My majority^ so far as 
heard from is about 7300. The counties of Currituck, 
llyde, Gates, Tyrrell and Onslow will probably give me 


450 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

large majorities. The counties of Yadkin, Ashe, Mitchell, 
Jackson, Cherokee, Macon, and Watanga and Beaufort 
will probably give majorities against me. ^ly Kuul ma- 
jority will excee<l 5000 — aiul nuiy {lossibly not ha di- 
mished below tlie present majority. There is this pecu- 
liarity in the result My friends are greatly rejoiced 
while those who voted against me are either pleased or not 
much chagrined at the defeat of their Candidate. Many 
of Holden's friends curse him outright for his infamous 
statements whicli have appeared in the Standard since the 
election to deceive the North into the belief that his defeat 
and my election indicate hostility to the Govt, of the U. S. 

Most of the old Whig Union counties (excepting Ran- 
dolph and Wilkes) gave me large majorities — and the ultra 
socossiou counties gave me large nuijoriti(^ alM<». I got 
the Secession vote, l)Ocause they hate Ilolden, fheir late 
associate who mainly contributed to gelling up the ntrift* 
and then deserted them while they respected me as a con- 
stant and honest opponent. 

I propose to inclose my draft on C. F. Dibble and get 
you to buy for Dr. Roberts and Roxana a small stock of 
groceries. I have ordered for them from Suekett, liordeu 
& Co. coffee, sugar, cheese, fish and butter — and pepi>er 
and spice and pr scales and weights for counter and the 
firm will be known by the name of W. C. Roberts & Co. 
Private afiun. I have made out no bill. You can judge as well as I 

can what they can sell. The chief business of the neigh- 
l)orhood will be making turpentine and getting tar tindier. 
There are numerous negrinis in the neigh iKirliood. Tlu^y 
will have to buy clothes, shoes, etc. Whether it will 1k» 
better to buy coarse ready-made clothing or material to 
make them, you can best judge. Buy very moderately of 
fancy goods. 

Huy 1 doz. Collins axes — heavy — 1 doz. Turp. ax<s, 1 
doz clippers — 1 doz. best saw mill files. 1 full set white 
tin ware for Roxana and assortment crockery for store. 


Also one good cooking stove for Iloxana, a fair assortment 
of shoes, hats and common drugs, hardware and cutlery, 
dry goods, etc. I would not have the purchase much ex- 
ceed $2000. Buy them in N. Y. or Phila. as you may 
deem best. Insure them to Wilmington. 

I liave sent 38 bales of cotton to Dibble, which I pre- 
suuio Imvc reached tliem — and have other cotton in Wil- 
mington which will go forward to them soon, so I presume 
they will not hesitate to honor my draft. If he should not 
))ay the draft try to get Hathaway and Utley to advance 
$2000. The cotton belongs to me and Sam Jackson and 
may be sold on our joint acct. I furnished the money 
and he purchased the cotton on joint shares. I will sign 
the draft Worth & Jackson. -- . 

I enclose drft of J. G. Williams & Co. on Natl. Bk of 
the Republic for $2148.03 a counterfeit $1. bill and state- 
ment of the whole transaction which I hope will be intelli- 
gible and satisfactory. 

To Col Whitihsey. 

Kaleigh, Nov. 2S/65. 

My daufrhter Eoxana C. McNeill residinc^ 16 miles Rd-wng to hia 
North of Fayetteville, is a widow with three small female •"*»• 
children with no male relative living near her. She owned 
llu» rnvdnien herein after named prior to their late eman- 
cipation. Not knowing what was best to be done, when 
they were proclaimed free; after the planting of her crop 
last spring, she told them if they would go on and make 
the crop, she feeding and clothing them as before, they 
wonld 1)0 paid what might 1k» deeme<l right. They have 
wlinl w»eni to nie to \yo, extravagant i<leas as to what they 
onglit to receive. The family, as a whole, could barely 
make a comfortable living before the war. I desire that 
you fix the compensation, on the assumption that the facts 
herein after stated, are true, and she will endeavor to com- 
ply with your award. 

452 NoBTU Casolina Histobioal Commission. 

V [One page not copied.'] 

In behalf of my daughter I lately notified him to take 
his eorn and leave tlie phice and stay away and to expect 
nothing more. 

5. Dick — aged 36 — fair field hand. Made about 15 or 
20 bu. eorn, some fodder and peas for himself. 

6. Frank — aged 20 — ^left repeatedly without leave dur- 
ing the making of the crop and since same notice given to 
him as to No. 4 — David. 

7 Bet — aged 66 — ^milks cows — ^has had pr of winter 
shoes cost $2.60. 

8. Chat — aged about 60 — He has worked faithfull and 
has been chiefly relied on as foreman. Has brought his 
wife and child on the place, who were not wanted. He 
made for himself 16 or 20 bu. corn, a stack of hay and 
fodder and has been paid in cash and winter clothes $15. 

[Next page not kgible.'] 

11. John Ann with her two small children. Her hus- 
band lives on another place and has had notice to move 
his family. The expense of maintaining them has mate- 
rially exceeded their earnings. 

12. Maria — Very weakly — an expense to the estate for 
many years. Her husband living on another place is able 
to maintain her and promises to take her away. 

13. Pleasant and her children — no husband — ^Jesse, who 
has run away repeatedly during the past summer — aged 15 

Ban aged 13 years 

Merinna aged 11 " 

Gaston " 6 " 

Anne Maria " 3 " 

Adelaide " 1 " 
She has had pr winter shoes and coat for Jesse $7.50 
and pr winter shoes for herself 2.50 

[Another page left out.] 


17. Young Sam — aged about 25 — a good hand — lost 
one week by sickness. He wishes to leave. Has been 
paid $18.50. 

I can make no satisfactory settlement with these f reed- 
men. They have done little work since the corn crop was 
made — have sowed no small grain and made no prepara- 
tion for another crop. None of them have exhibited a 
vicifuia disposiiiou but all want to go off, and my daughter 
l)rpfers tliat they do so — ^l)ut is willing that Pleasant and 
Aniey No. 13 and 14 with their children, remain and 
work for their subsistence and clothing, for another year, 
or until such time as a more suitable arrangement can be 

One of late slaves, Jim, who had a wife on the place, 
\v(»nl lo Wilmington last March, leaving his wife. He re- 
turned alx)ut the middle of May having contracted pul- 
monary disease in Camp at Wilmington. He was unable 
to do any labor afterwards and died a few days ago. The 
doctor's bill for attendance on him and his wifo who also 
l(W)k sick and dicvl and on others of the foregoing frced- 
nuMi is f$(»5. Ho would not attend thorn except on the 
[uvHiiiso. uf my daughler to pay his bill. 

My daughter is very desirous that her late servants shall 
be satisfied that she has acted fairly towards them since 
they became free, and as they look to you now as their 
friend, they will probably be satisfied with your award. 
If you shall be unwilling to make an award, will you sug- 
gest some other mode of making the adjustment 


Raleigh, Nov. 2]f/65. 

T. J. Hughes, since the making of my report of the 2nd ^|SSSt»5f t? j. 
Oct. last to Gov. Holden which was submitted by him to H"***"- 
the Convention, has filed sundry certificate from persons 

454 KoBTU Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

entitled to credit, tending to confiim his account of sale 
of Gold. He has also filed the letter of Govr. Vance, a 
copy which is hereto annexed for the purpose of juslifyiiLg 
said sales of gohl and sustaining vouchers filed hy him f<»r 
payments made by him for otlier objects than the pay- 
ment of Rosin — And since the ordinance of the Conven- 
tion repudiating the State debt, he has paid into the 
Treasury in U. S. currency $2180.07 in lieu of the credit 
claimed by him for gold advanced some 18 months ago to 
pay the crew of Advance (as claimed by him in his ac- 
count). In view of these facts I hope no impression un- 
favorable to the reputation of Mr. Hughes as a business 
man or man of int^rity will be allowed to take hold of 
the mind of any one. Both ho and my successor in oflRcc 
concur that his account ought to bu subniiltod for adjust- 
ment to the tribunal establisho<l for the purpose by the 
Convention. — And in the mean time no conclusions preju- 
dicial to Mr. Hughes ought to be indulged. 

To C. B. Dibble. 

Kaleigh Nov. £7/65. 

I have b^en so fully occupied in the discharge of my 
public duties that I have neglected my personal affairs 
somewhat, for the past few weeks. 

Worth & Daniel notified me some two weeks ago of the 
shipment to you for me of 38 bales of cotton. It may 
have boon scut in the niniui of Worlli & fliM'kstni, uiy son- 
in-law J. J. Jackson being interested in it. 

I have drawn two drafts on you, the one dated 16th 
inst in favor of J. G. Williams & Co. for $600— The 
other in favor of J. M. Worth for $2,000. dated 23rd 
inst. When you shall have sold the cotton, made up and 
render me your account, charging me Avith the above 
drafts which I hope you have honored and also your bill 
for cotton bagging and rope last spring. 


You will have seen that I have been elected Civil Qovr. RxpUimUon of 

conditionB in 

of N. C. I perceive that certain Northern papers, prob- North Carolina, 
ably taking their cue from the Itiiloigh Standard, treat my 
election over Mr. Holden, as evidence of hostile feeling in 
N. C. against the Govt, of the U. S. Exactly the opposite 
conclusion is the just inference from it. While the old 
Union Whig Oouiitioft generally gave me largo majorities, 
it is also true tlint the ultra Secession (yountics also gave 
me majorities upon the well known principle of human 
nature that we hate those who have deserted and betrayed 
us more than we do our consistent and manly opponents. 
Ilolden, for long years, had taught Secession. lie de- 
serted and reviled his associates ; and hence they hate him, 
but respect me as an unvarying opponent of Secession. 
I refer to this in a business letter because I suppose you 
have known my political status, and that you may be able 
to contribute something to the correction of public opinion 
New York. 


Dec. 6 1866. 

The vote of the people has conferred on me the honor 
of being Governor whether Gov. Holden and the Northern 
radicals allow me to act or not. 

ToA. B.Hill. 

Raleioii Dec. 6/66^ 

Yours of the 1st iiist. is reed. 

I was elected Tub. Trcas. of N. C. in the fall of 18G2 
and moved here and cannot give you satisfactory informa- 
tion in relation to the Gray mine. If you will address 
my brother J. M. Worth, who still resides at Asheboro he 
cnn doubtless inform you more fully. 

456 North Cabouna Histobioai. Commission. 

I have heard that all the belts and other small matters 
had been stolen. The buildings had not been burned 
when I last heard from the property. 

I do not think the property has been sold for taxes. If 
such sale has been made^ I presume the sale would be held 
invalid. It is liable for the U. S. land tax which will be 
collected, as I understand, sometime this winter. 

I thank you for your congratulations at my election as 
Gov. I fear the North will deprive me of all but the 
honor of the approbation of my Statu. A Ktraiigc illusion 
prevails at the North. My election is regarding as indi- 
cating hostility to Prest. Johnson's plan of re-construction. 
The old Whig party of the State to which I always be- 
longed, was the real Union party of the State. Govr. 
Holden was a dangerous secessionist in 18G0 turned upon 
and deserted his associates. The old Union party pre- 
ferred me for my consistency and the democrats Initcil 
the renegade from their ranks — hence both voted for me. 

Annapolis, Md. 


To Oeneral Ruger. 

Raleigh, Dec 15, 1865, 

of'ta^ Rom*"**** "^^^ soldiers in the capitol square are supplying them- 
selves with fuel from the ornamental trees in the square. 
I am not in authority and this commimication must not 
be the basis of any action on your part — ^but entertaining 
no doubt that you w^ouM restrict this conduct, if known 
to you, I request that you inquire into it — and make euch 
orders as you deem expedient. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 457 

Oovei'nor Woiih's Address to Ihc People. 

State of North Carolina, 

Executive Department. 

Raleigh N. C, Dec. SO, 1866. 

To the People of North Carolina: 

I congratulate you on the discontinuance of the Pro- conrntaiationaon 

, , end of ProvUlonal 

visional Government in this State, by order of the Presi- Govwnment. 
dent of the United States, and the restoration of Civil 
Qovcrnnicnt. Tliis announcement has diffused joy through- 
out the State. We are now under laws of our own enact- 

In the transition from military to civil government, hap- 
l>ily for our country, our past history has furnished us 
with no precedents to guide us, and hence you will not 
cx))oct tliat the whole machinery of the newly organized 
government will be in perfect order at the start; but in 
your joy at the return to the form of government to which 
you have been accustomed, I hope and believe all classes 
will sirivc to ])roaorvo order, tlio more because all officers 
necessary to enforce the laws have not been appointed. 
The CIcnoral Assembly will soon convene and finish up 
the work of reorganization. 'Under existing laws, it is 
believed, that the powers of all officers appointed under 
the authority of the Provisional Government ceased with 
the discontinuance of the Government. 

Wliero clerks and sheriffs, elected in November last 
under the ordinance of the Convention, have been quali- 
fied, tlicy have power to execute the duties of their offices. 

As no Justices of the Peace were appointed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, it may happen in some of the Counties, 
that the next torni of the County Courts cannot bn legally 
held; but where snch courts shall be held or other acts 
shall bo done by such Provisional officei-s, their acts will 
probably be validated by an act of the General Assembly. 

The Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts will Ouuineof^neee»- 
be qualified without delay, and will hold the Courts at 

458 NoBTji Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

the times prescribed by law ; and in the event of the com- 
mission of any high crime^ upon proper information there- 
of, they will provide for tho apprc^hcnaioii or detent'um o( 
tlie oifenders. 

In tho incorporated towns, where the Alayor and other 
officers were appointed by the Provisional Governor, these 
corporations can proceed, under their charter and cor- 
porate laws, to appoint others. In cases where these elec- 
tions cannot be promptly held in strict confonnity with 
such charters or laws, the election must be deferred for 
proper legislation ; or irregular elections may be held in 
the expectation that such elections will be legalized. 

The ordinance ratified 18th October last, provides that 
in all cases of appointments made by the Provisional Gov- 
ernor, of diroctora in any cori)orati<)u, tlu*y aIuiII c(uitinuc 
untill the regular election of its officers. 

The ordinance of tho Convention providing for the col- 
lection of llevenue, authorizes the Provisional Sheriffs, to 
carry out the same. — They derive their powers to collect 
these taxes from this ordinance, and their office, as to this 
duty, is not determined by the termination of the provi- 
sional Government. 

In a short time all these irregularities will be remedied 
by the General Assembly; and in the meantime, I am 
sure you will maintain the enviable reputation of our 
people as to the observance of law and order, and prove 
how groundless is the calumny, that there are still among 
us persons who are disloyal to the Government of the 
United Rtatos, 

We did not go voluntarily into tlie late calamitous re- 
bellion. The action of coterminous States forced us to 
take sides in the strife. We elected to go with our sec- 
tion ; and having taken our position, we acted with good 
faith to our associates and bore ourselves gallantly in tho 
fight. Being vanquished we submit as becomes a brave 
people. Tho President, as commander-in chief of the 
military powers of the nation, magnamimously trusts us. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 459 

J ilc) not lK»li(»ve (hero la n citizen of the State, who is un- 
worthy of this confidence. 

I confidently rely on your cordial cchoperation in rem- 
edying tlie irregularities which embarrass the beginning 
of my administration. 

Jonathan Worth. 

Oovernor of N. C. 

From C. Pylic. . 
W11.KESBOR0 N. C. Jan, 1st 1866. ^ 

I have the honor to ask you if you cannot do something 4vliS hwwl? *" 
for the citizens of this County. Genl Sherman in passing 
through here last spring left the country very bear of stock. 
The citizens picked up worn out horses and succeeding in 
raising a part of a crop, barely a sufficiency for the County. 
jMost of the horses would have died, if not all, if it had 
not been for the constant care of these good people. Now 
the horses are called for and if taken Avill leave good men, 
with large dependent families, and no horse and no money 
to got horses. What will they do. Can you not influ- 
ence his Excellency President Johnson to countermand the 
order calling in the horses and get his answer here by the 
18th. If you will do thus, you will oblige your consti- 
tuents. We look to your excellency for help. 

Wm. II. Bagley to Dr. J. F. P. C. Cohoon. 


Raleiqh^ Jan. 6th 1866. 

Your letter to the Governor of the 1st inst in regard ^iSJjlt^y^™*^*" 
to the municipal affairs of Elizabeth City, and the reor- vovtet, 
giiuizalion of its government, has l)cen received: and he 
directs me to say in reply that all the officers, appointed 
by the Provisional Government, cease to have any au- 
thority to act, upon the discontinuance of that Govern- 

460 NoBTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

ment. Your town is therefore and will be until the as- 
sembling of the Legislature on the 18th inst. without any 
corporation officers — the Governor of the State possessing 
no power to appoint thein. 

Ei.izAUETii City. 


To C. C. CuHis. 

Ralbigii, N. C. Jan. 8th ISGii. 

no^S^^rSLtS^ I would be traveling out of my duty as Governor to 

undertake to decide that an ordinance of the Convention 
is unconstitutional. Each tax payer must act on his own 
convictions, with or without legal advice, and look for his 
remedy, if he feels wronged, to the Judicial Tribunals of 
the State. I have no right as Governor, even if I enter- 
tained the opinion that an ordinance was unconstitutional, 
to declare it void. This is a power which belongs to the 
Courts. I must regard it as constitutional imtil the Courts 
shall adjudge otherwise. And I deem it inexpedient for 
me to give any personal opinion of mine on a purely judi- 
cial question. 

Witli every disposition to oblige you and all others, as 
far as I can do so with propriety, I deem it my duty to 
refer you to the Courts on this matter. 

Rook Cbebk, Alamance County. 

ToW.A. Caldwell & others. 

Jan. 8 1866. 

Your petition for the appointment of Mr. Trotter as 
Collector for the 2nd 'District accompanied by the letter 
of C. H. Carpenter has been handed to me this morning. 

Some three or four days ago I was notified that unless 
I immediately recommended 8omol>ody for Collector in 
your district, Col. Estes (of Genl Kilpatrick's staff) would 


be appointed. I was requested to make a nomination by 
Telcgi'am, and then knowing of no one who wanted the 
position and who could take the test oath excepting Wm. 
II. Thompson of Alamance (a sure and good man I am 
informed) whom I was informed had been recommended 
by Govr. Graham^ S. H. Phillips, and others, I recom- 
mended him. 

I make the most favorable endorsement I can under 
these circnmstaneos. 


To Wm. A. Albright. 

Jan. 8th 1866. 


Yours of the 1st inst. by some unaccountable delay has 
just reached me. 

I can confer on you no power to issue a marriage license 
or do other official acts — ^but if you exercise this power I 
do not doubt that the Legislature will approve and validate 
yonr action. 


To Dr. D. W. C. Benbow. 

Jan. 8 1866. 

T have no liosi tuition in recommending you as every way ^^^^^[^^1^ 
a fit man for Collector in the 2nd U. S. Collection district u-s- collector, 
of this State, if you can take the test oath, which, so far 
as I know, you may conscientiously do. Some days ago 
I was requested by B. S. Hedrick by Telegram to recom- 
mend some person immedrntely, as otherwise a non-resident 
of the Stato would probably be appointed. I recommended 
Wm. n. Thompson of Alamance, knowing at that time of 
no other suitable man in the district who desired it. 

Whetlier Mr. Thompson or any other person has be*"- 

462 North Cabolina Histobioal Commission. 

appointed, you are at liberty to use this letter in any way 
you may choose. A petition has also been sent mo from 
your place reeonnnending Mr. Trotter, who, I infer from 
the names endorsing him is. also a fit man. If my recom- 
mendation was respected I suppose Mr. Thompson, whom 
I believe to be a fit man, has been appointed. 


To Dr. Powell^ 

Raleigh^ Jan. 9th 1866. 

The pressure of my duties gives me time only to say 
that I am truly gratified by the receipt of your late 
friendly letter. The sontiinoiits it cxprc^sscs are ])ntrioti(*^ 
and I concur in all its leading suggestions you make, and 
beg you to accept my thanks. 

I entertain no doubt of your ability to render important 
services to the State and of your ardent desire to be of 
service to all of us. 

At present, as you know, I have no authority to appoint 
an agent for the State at Washington City — and think 
with you the appointment should be made by the Qenl. A. 

I have not had notice of my daughter's appointment 
as P. M. at Mill Grove. The contractor carries a daily 
mail by her house and she keeps a pair of horses for him. 
He stops there to exchange horses. There is no office in 
many miles and the inhabitants are anxiously awaiting 
her appointment. 

None of the pardons gnuitcd recently before the elec- 
tion in this State and announced in the news-papers, have 
arrived. People are here after them every day. Will 
they be sent to me soon ? 

Washington, D. C. 

> Dr. R. J. Powell, a native of North Carolina, had held a position 
in the United States Patent OfHce. He had been State Agent under 
" -^royiaional Government. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 463 

To O. W. Logans 

Jan. 9th 1860. 

Yours of the 3rd inst. is received. 

There will be Siipr Courts in the spriiifi: as formerly, Jjtpiainingrtateof 
unless the General Assembly otherwise order, which I 
deem very improbable. 

I 8up|>o8c the jndgc^s will rido uud(»r the old arrange* 
ment, having heard of no contemplated change. 

As to your general question whether *'the State is in 
full and complete operation," I cannot answer categori- 
cally. I think it not while the Writ of Habeas Corpus 
is suspended. The military, as I understand it, may but 
v'ill vol interfere, excei)t in cases where a negro is a 
party. This exception, I presume, will be withdrawn if 
negroes shall be allowed to testify. Martial law still 
prevails but allo^vs the civil law to operate generally. 

In great haste. 


To Malcolm Townsend. 

Raleigh^ Jatu 9th 1866. 

In compliance with your request asking me for my 
autograph with a sentiment, I give you — 

Universal amnesty — and amity among all parts of the 
Federal Union. 

New York City. 

To C. B. Dibble. 

Raleioh, N. C. Jan. 9th 1866. 

Yours of the Ist is receive<l. I hope and lx*lievo your 
exposition of Northern sentiment is correct. I am sure 

* George W. Logan, of Rutherford, had been a leading member of 

the Peace Party during the war, and as such had been elected to the 

Confederate Congress. He was elected a Superior Court Judge in 

1868 after becoming a Republican. He was at this time a member of 

lie State Convention of 1805-60. 

464 NoBTH Cabolina Historical Commission. 

universal amity is the general sentiment of the South. I 
pray that the Northern Disunionists, such as Sumner, 
Wilson, Stephens & Co., may not l)e allowoil to chill I lie 
good feeling seeking to gain the ascendant. 

The prossuro of my duties restrain me from u fuller 
response to your interesting letter, for which I sincerely 
thank you. 

New Yobk City. 

To William If. Holden. 

Jan, 9th 1806. 

As I know nothing of Wm. P. Fuller or his father or 
Jas. C. Eeid who appear to be personally known to you, 
I request that you make such endorsement on tlieir ap- 
plication inclosed as may l>e some warrant for my action. 

Upon your sugg(!8tion 1 sent for (V)l. Kichardson who 
says he knows nothing of the certificates of election in 
the 3rd. 6th and 6th Congressional Districts last Novr. 

I do not feel warranted in issuing my certificate on 
any other information excepting the official certificates of 
the Sheriffs. 

To Thos. Branch & Sons, 

Raleiqii^ Jan, 9, 1866, 

Yours of the 5th inst. reed, to-day. 

I think the Genl A. will authorise bonds to be issued 
for outstanding old Coupons but do not believe provision 
can be made this year for paying intei^est hereafter fall- 
ing due. Our people can't pay this year more than a 
tax for current State expenses and the IT. S. taxes. 

The Internal improvement bonds to which you refer 
are not repudiated and I hear of no disposition to repudi- 
ate them. 

My respects to yr Senior. 

Pbtersbubo, Va. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 465 

To Daniel li. Goodloe. 

Raleigh, N. C. Jatu 11 1866. 

I inclose uiy recoiuinendation of Mr. Pigott/ as re- 
quested by you and Mr. Iledrick, having the further as- 
surance of Mr. Rumley, of Cartaret, that the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Pigott would be satisfactory. 

Has a collector l)ocn api^inted in the Greensboro Dis- 
trict — If so, who is he ? 

Fearing the Prcst. may have imbibed the ])rejudico 
against me which Air. Jloldcn has endeavored to instill. 
I have, by the inclosed letter, assured the Prest. that he 
may confide in me as his sincere supporter. I do this. 
I>ecau8e it is true, and because I deem it necessary to en-^ 
joy the confidence of the Prest., to enable me to bo useful 
to our people. Will you deliver the letter? 

Washington, 1). C. 

To B. 8. Oaithcr.* 

Jan. mil 1866. 

Vour jwiition for pardon is found in this office and 
this day forwarded with my recommendation that the 
prayer thereof be granted. 


Moniiiiigs IMgolt was a imtivo of North Carolina, who had resided 
in Washing^ton for many years. He returned to the State in 1862 as 
private secretary to Edward Stanly, who had been appointed mili- 
tary Governor of the State. At an election held by the. military g^ov- 
ernment in December, 1862, he was elected to Congress but was not 

* HurgosK f^. Gaithcr, of Hurke, had lieen Clerk of the Superior 
CVutrt, member of the Convention of 1835, Superintendent of the 
Charlotte Mint, State Senator in 1840 and 1844 ; at the latter session 
he was Speaker. lie was Solicitor of the Seventh Judicial District 
for eight years, and during the whole war was a member of the Con. 
federate Congress. He was a Whig in politics. At this time he was 
practicing law in Morganton. 


466 North Cabolina Histobioat. Commission. 

From B. S. Hedrich. 


Waskingtox Jan. 12 1 800 

No collector has been appointed for the Greenslioro Dis- 
trict since the nomination of Lash who declines, Estcs's^ 
friends are still pushing him. It is possible that no ap- 
pointment will be made till after the division of the state 
into seven districts. 

From Josiah Turner, Jr. 

HiLi^BORO Jany 12 1B66. 

I am truly glad you did not act upon Moore's sugges- 
tion and continue the provisiouul governuiont. 

It would have been a sad killing blow to Clark, Win- 
ston, Turner and company, in fact I incline to the opinion 
they would have rebelled against your administration if 
you had alloAved Holden to remain in office one hour longer 
than was necessary to oust him. 

Your commission was as a member of the 39th Congress 
with all the rights, privileges and immunities conferred 
by the Constitution on members of the IFouse. Now let 
me say Governor I am not likely soon to come to my 
rights and if you should be forced to call out the Militia 
to enforce your commands let me name Ilolden and Bed- 
ford Brown as Captains to lend tlie States-rights host. If 
there is any man willing to die for States-rights it ought 
to be Ilohlen or Brown. If there \\\\\ two men unwilling 
to die, but who should be coerced into Marterdom for 
States-rights it is Holden and Brown. 

The Standard's last upon Vance is most vilenous and we 
have no editor who properly combats him. 

I am greatly disgusted at Southern laudation of Andy 
Johnson — when he is governing us as Warren Hastens 
governed the East. 

^ L. G. Estes. 


I cncloso two dollars [for] Mr. Bagley please hand it to 
liini. ^Yith cood wifhes. 

To William A, Oraham. 

Ealeigh^ Jan. lSth/66. 
T am iriratly at a loss on Ronio of the cravor niattors nippiwwimiofiiio 

'^ •' ^ '^ negro qitCHiioii. 

wliicli 1 shall 1)0 expected to discuss in my message and 
shall be much obliged to you for any suggestions from you 
on these or other matters. 

First — ^the negro question. 

I think — ^per se — ^that the testimony of negroes ought 
to be heard in a case where a negro is a party. I am not 
sure, but incline to think, the cause of few would be pro- 
moted by allowing their testimony to go to the jury with 
no other instructions than those applying to white wit- 
nesses — and I think policy affirmatively requires that we 
at once remove the restrictions in the first [^word illegible'] 
of cases where a nogro is offered. 

I have no confidence that the condition of our negroes 
will l)c elevated by emancipation — ^but in our present con- 
dition 1 fear wo shall have a Freedman's Bureau and mil- 
itary rule over us, if we make discrimination — as admit- 
tance in Common Schools. I mean if we educate white 
children at public expense, we will be required to educate 
the negroes in like manner — and your school fund being 
roduccMl to nothing and our people impoverished, I think 
tho Coin. Sc^hool system had better be discouraged, for a 
time, and thus avoid the question as to educating negroes. 
Is it expedient for me to say anything as to the Consti- 
tutional powers of this Govt, to keep up the Freedman's 
Bureau ? If so, I have not enough constitutional learning 
to write currenle calatno what ought \/o bo said and ask 
your aid. My duties leave me no leisure. 

Or shall I pass over this whole negro matter, putting it 
on the ground that an able commission having it in charge. 


NoKTH Carolina Historical Commission. 

Relating to BUte 

by order of the Qenl. A. and Convention, it would be ob- 
strusive for me to present my views. 

My next gi'cat difficulty is the State debt — the old debt — 

When the due coupons are funded it will rcquirc alK)ut 
$900,000. a year to pay the interest and say $200,000. to 
pay other expenses. This will be about double what we 
ever paid before the war when our property was worth 
three times as much as it is now. We have this year to 
pay a land and Internal tax to the U. S., of the amount of 
which T am ignorant — but I 8iip])()Ko nion; than $1,000,000. 
With little to raise money, no Banks, and deranged labor, 
I regard it as out of the question to raise any thing this 
year with which to pay interest. What then is to become 
of the coupons falling duo this year? Nothing Ix^tter an- 
swers the question than selling new bonds at par, thus for 
the holders to take these bonds, if they will not bring par, 
— or to hold on to liis coupons — And as to the ultinnile 
provision for payment, wait for the development of the 

K. P. Battle has a plan of starting a National Bank, to 
which the Bk of N. C. should subscribe its means and pay 
out its annual profits to the croditora of the present Bank. 
I incline to favor his scheme. 

With these general hints before you I shall be obliged 
to you for any advise you may feel willing to give. 

Regarding the 
appointment of a 

From li. S. llcdrich. 

Washington, D. C. Jan. 12y 1866. 

I received this morning your dispatch asking whether a 
Collector had been appointed in the (2nd) Greensborough 
district of N. C and answi^red at once that, no appoint- 
ment had been made. The facts are these. Just before 
the meeting of Congress Mr. I. G. Lash of Salem was 
nominated by the President for Collector. As this nom- 


iiiatiou was before the assembling of Congress Mr. Lash 
might have given his bonds and gone to work without wait- 
ing u coiiHnnalion by the Senate. I nrgcd Mr. Lash to do 
this. But Forsythe County is now in Helpers district. 
But it would have been easy for Mr. Lash in name to 
change his residence to Greensborough for the time, and 
wlien the now (listriels are fonn<Ml flreenHlM>ro!igh «n<l 
KoryHihe would have been in the wunc dialrietv But J^ish 
refused to yield to the reasonable request and insisted on 
the district being changed, which could not be done with- 
out upsetting all the appointments already made. 

When I returned I found that a Col. Estcs of Maine 
had gone to Ilolden and got a recommendation to be ap- 
l)ointed in the "2nd District". I went to the Sec. of the 
Treasury and protested against the appointment of a man 
from another State and then wrote to you. When I re- 
ceived your dispatch recommending Mr. Wm. II. Thomp- 
son of Alamance I took it to the Com. of Int Revenue 
who laid it before the Sec. of the Treasury. Thereupon 
Air. Thompson was nominated and the nomination sent to 
the President. Estes' friends, including Senator Feasen- 
den and Alorrell of Maine with a number of influential 
men went to the President and had the nomination 
stopped and there it is now. I fear there is no way of 
l>reventing Estes' appointment. In the Int Rev. Bureau 
they are now in favor of rediatrietiug the Stute, making 
T districts and giving the 2nd (Newbern and Wilming- 
ton) to Estes. There are several good loyal men in that " 
district who would be glad to take the place. But it looks 
as if the citizens would be overborne by the Maine in- 
fluence here with Ilolden's backing. 

I think it 'would be well for yon to make out rcconi 
memlations for such nu'ii as you prefer in the several Con- 
gressioiud districts and send them to me at once. Be 
sure to recommend no one who cannot take the oath. It is 
possible that Dr. C. W. Woollen will be the best man to 
beat Estes with in the 2nd Congressional dist. 

470 NoBTH Cabolina Historical Commission. 

I will try and see the President soon, and find what can 
be done. Matters look quite blue just now. 

From B. 8. Hedrick, 

Washington, D. 0. Jan. IS, 1866. 

Col. Estcs has recommendations from lloldcn, lx»ach. 
and many other North Carolinians. Besides he has Sena- 
tor Fessenden chairman of the Finance Committee to 
back him, with nearly all New England besides. I do 
not see that there will be any use in opposing him further, 
as Fessenden is bent on his appointment. It may be that 
as a sort of a com])romise the State will bo divided into 
seven districts. Of the persons reconnnendcd who can 
take the oath I think the inclosed list will be most accept- 
able or least objectionable to North Carolinians here. 
They are all natives except Estes and Piermont. What 
do you think of the list? The friends of Andrew Jack- 
son Jones of Bladen (I believe) press him instead of Wm. 
Worth for the Fayettevillo district Wm. II. Thompson is 
the only one that I ask as a personal favoi*. I do not 
know Wm. B. Reid, but he is said to be a young man of 
intelligence now living in Baleigh. His mother is Mrs. 
Reid of Raleigh. The men put down for the 7th or 
Mountain district were named by Mr. Jones, the member 
of Congress elect. I send you the list as it seems likely 
to be made up. If you would wiyli any nuiterial altera- 
tions made please say so. I think it important that the 
places should be filled without saying much about it, for 
if it is once known that there are to be a few new places 
every Northern Member of Congress will be demanding 
it for some friend of his. 

The appointments will hardly be made before Tuesday 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 471 

From D. F. Caldwell 

Greensboro Jan. H 1866 

Since the Convention adjourned I have received letters Jjgf^°' ®**** 
from the most influential sources pressing me to write the 
communication enclosed. I wish you to have it published 
as corrected in the Sentinel. Mind my prediction, if five 
iiiillions of iirw IkmuIh aro isaucd to pay tlio conponda now 
duo on the old bonds and for other purposes the whole 
dclit of the State will be repudialed. So thoroughly satis- 
fied arc the old bond holders of this fact in this section 
that I know of no one but is in favor of my plan and 
seems to now jump at the chance to exchange these bonds 
for concilitory notes of this kind I have proposed to have 
iasuod. Tt might bo boat as has l)Ocn suggested to my 
mind, in view of one decision on the Supreme Court of 
the United States to call on the bond holders to deposit 
their bonds for ten years in the public treasury and issue 
to them certificates of deposit somewhat in this form — 
Thia is to c(»rtify that John Smith has deposited with the 
Public Trca.sury ten dollars which will be paid to the 
lM»nror nt. liia option wilhin ton ycnra and to boar one per 
cent per annum until then. The bonds deposited thus for 
credit resources and all else to be pledged for their redemp- 
tion at the end of ten years. This would give us a good cur- 
rency, irhich tre must have and would enable the State 
by selling our 11. 11. stock to reduce our debt to a small 
sum if the proper taxes were collected. In the name of 
the people of the State — our credit and prosperity — I call 
ui>on you to immortalize your administration by aiding 
thia Legislature to adopt a financial system that will re- 
lievo laboring and down-trodden liumanity and difuse 
now life and vigor into all the diversified interests of so- 
ciety. Eankers, Banks and Stockholders have long enough 
eontroled and dictated the policy of the State — ^now if 
ever is the time for relief and reform. Tyson H. Lind- 
aay and every banker I have seen says I have hit the nail 

472 North Caeolina IIistouical Commission. 

on the head. A gentleman of the finest financial ability 
sent me word that he shouhl soon back up Avhat I have 
said in the PalrioL Another will soon make a proposi- 
tion to the legislature which I think will not vary much 
from what I have' written, lie favors the dei)ositiug of 
the bonds as I have and issuing certificates all the out- 
standing circulating certificates to \\o ro<loomed at the cud 
of 10 years by tin) issue of six per cent new cupon bonds, 
etc. This is to give more credit and to meet some fine spun 
constitutional ol)j(H5(ions, which nniy l>e well enough. If 
you make any reconunendation to this Legislature I would 
advise this plan — You will find it safe and popular and 
highly beneficial and if it serves not I had rather be right 
that Governor of N. C. — I desire to see a ncAv order of 
things begin in N C under your administration. The 
people like a bold and independent man one that is honest 
and is wiUlng to do and dare for them and the State. I 
room to say no more — But pray God to bless inspire and 
direct you during your administration and make you a 
blessing to us all. 

From B. 8. Iledrich. 

Washington, D. C. Jan (?, 18GG 

T received your dispatch recommending ^Ir. Sol PiX)l, 

MUMit™* ^'^''^^"^ ^"*' ^ ^^'" 1^"^ '^"" <lown for the ass(!8sor in the Raleigh 

Dist. If yon lliink it all riglil. 1 will pnt A. «l. Jnn(*H t»f 
Columbus for assessor in the 3rd or Fayetteville Dist. 

With those changes I think it would be best to let the 
rest of the nominations stand as I proposed in my letter 
of Saturday last. I have seen Gen. Estes and have agreed 
to withdraw all o])position to him. lie said he had al- 
ready determined to identify himself with N. C. and as 
Ilolden and Pool and Crews with others have already en- 
dorsed him, I do not believe it was well to oppose him 


further. If wc can get all the rest of the noiiiiiiations 
for North Carolina and get them coiifirnied we will do 
well. Every Northern Coiigressiiiau will he pushing his 
particular friend unless the places are filled soon. Today 
I feel a little alarmed alx)ut Starbuck's confirmation. 
Holden with his fiendish malignity tried hard to get Star- 
lMi(*k's nnuie wiflidniwu hy Ihe Presidenl hut did not suc- 
wmmI. lie nijiy now try his hand on the Senate on the 
ground that Starhuck la in favor of paying the rebel war 
debt. I will try and see some of the Senators at once. 
Qoodloe is confirmed as Marshal. lie yesterday handed 
your letter to the President. Judge Brooks is here. 

It is probable that an agent of the Treasury Dept. will 
call on you in a few days about the nominations to be 
made of Internal llevenue officers. As I said before, it 
will be well to have the appointments made as 60on as 
l)ossible, and best to have them all on one list. The ap- 
pointment of Asst. Assessors must then be looked to. 

T find that Calvin J. Cowlos of AVilkos is the man that 
lloldeu tried to put. in the place of S. 11. Wiley, and he 
l>ut a man named Nowell of Chowan for Collectorship of 
the Ist Dist. in place of Col. E. W. Jones. 

A. J. Jones is llolden's nomination for the 3rd. He 
can take the oath and is said to he a very worthy man. 
Not one of the new men recommended by Holden can take 
the oath. Wm. M. Powell who is on my list for Collector 
rf I he Ualeiirh Disl. lives in Warren Counly and is 
strongly recommended by ^fr. Qoodlie. Powell is good 
l«> be the only man of inlluence in Warren County that 
was Union throughout. He can take the oath. 

474 North Cabouna Hibtorioai. Commission. 

From D. H. Siarbuck. 

Saijbm, Jany. 16, 1866. 

R«gmniiDgmTing Our people are much gratified to learn from the ])a|)ers 

that you are taking steps to prevent them from having 
wrestled from them stock which was abandoned by the 
union forces, and which have been recruited and fattened 
up by our people. When General Stoneman's forces 
passed through this section along their whole route for 
miles Avide took every sorvicable horse that could l>e found 
4 often leaving broken down stock in their stead which have 
been by good nursing and feeding recruited up by our 
people so as to very well answer their necessities on their 
farms, etc. Now there are persons professing to be act- 
ing under authority of Genl. Ruger or his suliordinatcs 
gatfa<"ving up all these horses about here and taking them 
to JiCxington to be sold. Tlicy took a few days since from 
our friend Genl. Joseph F. Poindexter two of these horses 
which had been left with him and recruited: this when 
Stoneman's men had taken last April from him 3 valuable 
ones and large amounts of bacon, com, and done him be- 
sides considerable damage to property. This is all wrong: 
and it seems to me it might be remedied so as to do justice 
to the Government and the citizens by the Government ap- 
pointing a commission to visit each county and pass on 
the claim^s of all citizens for their losses of property by the 
Union forces and to investigate their claims to abandoned 
Union stock and decide according to justice and equity be- 
twcK'n them, and whore a balance is found due tlio Gov- 
ernment from the citizens so award it, and where a bal- 
ance is found due any loyal citizen so award it and give 
a certificate accordingly. While you have this matter un- 
der investigation I wish vou wo"i'i o^.k^^.u a proposition 
of this character to the L ..^ authorities. I think 
a citizen should be required to establish his loyalty to the 
Government, for no loyal man should be taxed to make up 
losses sustained by secessionists who involved the country 
in war and brought the injury on their own heads. 


[P. S.] — Also citizens were often induced .to swap 
horses to the Union troops by force of persuasion that 
they were getting a good title. In all sudh cases where the 
citizens have given a consideration for the Union stock 
he ought to be protected. 

Fvcm D. IL Slarhuck. 

Salem^ Jtmy. 16j 1866. 

If you have not already noticed it, I beg leave to call 
your attention to an act of Congress passed in April 1862 
f/rmding lo each Stale tliiily thousand acres of land for 
rach and every senator and representative in Congress 
hut. ])roviding that no state while in rebellion should be 
entitled to it; being for the purpose of establishing 
a College to encourage the Agricultural & Mechanical 
arts. This act required each State to accept the grant 
within two years from the date of its passage. In July 
1 864 Congress extended tlie provisions of this act to any 
State that might thereafter signify their acceptance of 
this law by (heir legislatures. Thorcforo it is becom- 
ing vastly important that this Legislature should accept 
this act and secure thereby 270,000 acres of land to our 
State, for if it is delayed until after July we lose it. Also 
it ought to provide for your Excellency to appoint a Com- 
iiiissicm to locatx) this land. 

I hope you will urge this matter to the consideration of 
ihe Legislature. I have named it to Dr. Wheeler of the 
House of Commons and requested him to call the atten- 

f ion of the Legislature to the matter and I promised him « 

I hat I would draw up a Bill for the case, but it will come / 

with more weight if rceommonded by your Excellency. 


476 North Carolina Historical Commission. 

Prom Burgess 8. Oaither. 

ifoRGANTON, January 17th 18G0. 

Relating to his I have tlio plcasui-o to acknowledge the receipt of your 

noto of the 12lh instant, inf(»rniing uiVy llial. yon foninl ni> 
petition for pardon in the Execntive Office, which yon 
had fonvarded to the President, with your recommenda 
tion that the prayer thereof he granted. I am very grcativ 
obliged to you for your kindness and fully appreciate- 
the favor you liave conferred on nu^ 

I was greatly suq^rised to hear that my petition had 
not been forwarded by Gov. Holden, and was under the 
impression that my application had been filed long since 
and was with the superior courts at Washington and am 
really gratified that Gov. Tloldon did not cemsider my ap 
plication worthy of his notice. He and myself entertain of 
each other similar opinions, and any contempt which Ik* 
can possibly entertain for me, is more than reciprocatc<l 
on my part. 1 enclosed my application for pardon to Mr. 
Caldwell while he was in Raleigh, last August, acting a> 
one of Ilolden's aids, with the reepiest, that he would 
present the same to llolden for his endorsement, and in 
case he did not recommend it, to enclose it back to me. In 
our course of mail, the petition was returned to me with- 
out endorsement, in a letter from Mr. Caldwell, inform- 
ing me that llolden could not recommend it. I put my- 
self to no further trouble in the matter, until the Western 
members of the Convention were passing through thi.*- 
place on their way to Rah igli, some of them enquired if 1 
had obtained my pardon and 1 gave them the information 
of Holden's conduct. Some of them insisted that I should 
send it back and I gave it again to Mr. Caldwell, ami 
I understood from some of the members of the Conven- 
tion on their return, that ten or fifteen of them had joine<l 
in a written conununication to Holden enjoining him to 
recommend my application. Since which time T have 
heard nothing, until I received your note. I had written 


lo uo one uynm tlio siil»jrcf, either at Kjilcigh or Wash- 
ington or elsewhere and was quietly waiting the result, 
with no great anxietv in the matter. I hare lost every- 
rhing by the war, have nothing to confiscate, and if it is 
thought necessary to prosecute me for treason and hand 
uic, I do not know that it is a matter of much ini]iortance 
fo me or the public, in the present state of the country. 

l*emiit rue to congratulate yourself and the ctnnitry 
n|ion your success in the recent election, and assure you 
that you have no friends in the State who feels a dee]>er 
interest in your administration of public affairs, or who 
will give you a more decide<l supjiort and confidence. 

To B. S. Hedrick. 

Kaleioh, N. C. Jatu 17/66 

Yes — I protest against the nomination of any non- 
r(*si dents. 1 can uoniiunto uiou who live in the State who 
t':ni take the oath. 

Washinotun, D. C. 

From B. 8. Hedrick. 

Washington, D. C. Jatu 17 y 1866. 

I have just received your dispatch saying that you RdaUngtoFWcna 
''protest against the appointment of non-residents". None 
«»f the names on niy list were non-residents, and only two 
wrii^ nalives of ollirr Slates. Qen. L. Q. Kstes state* that 
he has In^on a resident citizen of N C. for the last 7 
months; that he has purchased proiKjrty there and in- 
tends to make North Carolina his home. Dr. Piermont 
is a native of Virginia but has long lived in Elizabeth 
City. I did not prefer him, but as he has haen appointed 

478 NoBTH Carolina Histobigai. Commission. 

since Holden was Gov. I thought best to leave him, un- 
less the citizens of the 1st Dist. objected to him. 

As you are aware, Estes was not my first choice. Bui 
I sincerely believe that it is for the interest of the SUiW 
and of your administration that under the circumstauccb 
he should be appointed. Mr. Thompson's nomination 
with your endorsement was sent to the Senate last week, 
but wa9 withdra^vn on the remonstrance of Senator Fcs- 
senden who insists that Estes is a citizen of N. C. and 
must have the place, yours and my recommendation to 
the contrary notwithstanding. I wish I could tell you 
how matters are here. Holden has still power to deform 
you and the State. He with many others have pressed 
Estes's nomination. With all the "S. C. nominations be- 
fore the Senate is it well to provoke an issue just now'^ 
Would it not be better to yield the point, especially as 
Estes seems really to be a resident ? 

All the other new names on the list are worthy men, 
natives of the State, who will in all things have the greatest 
sympathy with our people. 

I understand a special messenger from the Treasury 
Dept. has gone to Raleigh to consult you. He will ex- 
plain matters as they relate to the Treasury and the Presi- 
dent I do not know whether the matter of the Senators 
will be referred to. 

I have put down Prof. Sol Pool for Assessor in the 4th 
Dist. and A. J. Jones for the 3rd Dist. Dr. C. W. Wool- 
len is now Asst. Assessor in the present (old) 2nd Dist. 
and knows something of the work. Mr. Wm. Powell lives 
near Warrenton. 

I fear very much that your dispatch today will pro- 
duce serious trouble. If Holden had been an honest man 
the whole matter would have been settled long ago. 

Some orders have been issued on the ^^horso question" 
which I hope you received. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 479 

From li. 8. Uedrick. 

Washington, D. C. Jan. 23, 1866. 

I received on the 21st yours of the 18th inst. and have ^^JtuSaSd^Sa-'^ 
tried to see the Attorney General in regard to the matter ~» ^^pv^^^^^ 
of pardons, but so far without success. But will try again 
tomorrow. I would however say that T know that the 
President is roluetnnt to issue ]mrdons just now, nuiinly 
for tlio reason that there are other very important mat- 
ters pressing upon him and it is not well to ask him to 
do more just now in the way of pardons until Congress 
shall give some expression of opinion in regard to what 
has been done. I would say to the pardon seekers that 
it would be best to wait a litte while. There is no dis- 
position to put them on trial or hang them, and the Presi- 
dent has so clearly indicated his policy in regard to the 
South, that it seems to me that no one can doubt his desire "^^ 


to restore peace and harmony with as little harshness as '^ 
jiossible. And in Congress while there are many that mani- 
fest a degree of savage ferocity which is well calculated 
lo ninnn the whole eouutry, slill 1 think there are even 
among the lladicals many who only desires that the South 
shall have peace on a sure basis. If I believed that the 
overwhelming radical vote in Congress was given by those 
bent on ruining the South, I would indeed despair. But 
something must be done to make the better part of the 
radicals vote with the real national party that is yet to 
grow up. 1 hope a few months will indicate how this is 
to be done. In the meantime the so-called friends of 
the South, the copper-heads, will lose no opportunity to 
drive all sorts of ll(^i)ublicans into what is called the ex- 
treme radical wing. 

Yesterday Geo. W. Brooks of Pasquotank was con- 
firmed by the Senate as U. S. Dist. Judge for N. 0. and 
D. H. Starbuck as U. S. Dist, Attorney D. R. Goodloe 

480 NcRTii Carolina Historical Commission. 

was confirmed a few days ago as !&[arshal. So the U. S. 
Dist. Courts in N. C. are now duly organized. I think 
N. C. is the first State since the collapse of the rel)ellion 
to reestablish the IT. S. Courts. All the i)rincipal otticci*s 
are natives of the State. 

Nothing iK)sitive has been done about the appointment 
of the Internal Ttevenue officers. Last M'eek the Secretary 
of the Treasury sent an inspector to X. C. to visit the 
offices already open and he was directed to call to see you 
on his way, and report. It is exiK»cted that his report 
would have reached here ere this. I hope he Avill bring 
word that the list, substantially as handed in, is approved 
as a whole. I understand that A. J. Jones declines the 
place of Assessor in the 3rd Dist. According to the origi- 
nal agreoniont in case Jones dcH^lined, (hen Wni. Wordi. 
who is now Assist, assessor at Fayetteville was to have 
the place. A young nuin, Pendleton King has written 
that he has applied to you for a recommendation for that 
])lace. King would make a good officer, but I do not know 
that he is any better than Wm. Worth. They are both 
imobjectionable, and I think both about equally deserving. 
I hope your report by the Inspector will l)c» received soon 
for every days' delay will make it more difficult to se- 
cure the appointment of as good a list as that now before 
the Secnitary. 

r hav(* carefully read your message to the legislature 
and most heartily approve it. The only part that can be 
(tbjceted to at the North will be that relating to the Freed- 
nien's liureaii. I In^lieve there is but little of N. C. that 
could not deal justly by all classes of citizens as soon as 
the Courts are established, but still there is some uncer- 
tainty in the matter. And very great uncertainty in re- 
gard to other Southern States. Congress will not discrim- 
inate between the several Southern State lately in revolt. 
It is quite probable that Trumbull's bill will pass both 
houses of Congress very soon. I have not had time to 



read it. As the South must ha\^e the Freednian's Bureau 
in some shape, it has already seemed to me the best plan 
to make the coniniissioucrs partly local, so as to give them 
a chance for more intelligent action, and to act as a check 
on abuses. Xow everything depends upon the character 
of the particular individual who happens to be sent to a 

NoniinalioHR for Collectors and Assessors as sent to the 
Socntnry of the Treasury, 



E. VV. Jones (appointed) 




R. Piermont (appointed) 




L. G. Estes 




Jenning Pigott 




dims. W. Woollen 




Wm. Worth 




Wm. M. Powell 




Solomon Pool 




Wm. H. Thompson 




Jesse Wheeler (appointed) 




Sam 11. Wiley (appointed) 




II. H. Helper (appointed) 




John B. Weaver 




Wm. W. Andern 


UUe of state agent 

From William A. Graliam. 

IIiLLSBORo, Jan. 26lh 1866. 
I observe in the Sentiml of yesterday a telegram from Protest .^nst 

AVashington saying that Dr. Powell "State Agent for ^'^ 

>invt\\ (Carolina" was alwut to set off for Raleigh, etc. I 
supposed that a State Agency in Raleigh was only main- 
tained under tlie Provisional Government, and that the 
Constitutional Government of the State did not need, or 
authorize, any State Agency there. If the Government of 


the United States is about to send a clerk of the Treasury 
department to Baleigh on .business, and choses to ad- 
vertise his advent as such, there is no objection. But 
if he has no authority as State Agent, and I presume ho 
has none, there is an arrogant assumption in gazitting 
him by that title, which the press of the State ought to 

Your message is, I think, very well received at home. 
I take no paper abroad but the National Intelligencer, 
which has only a nogutive kind of notice. I fear tlie 
Bureau of Freedmen is to be fastened upon us for some 
time: and if so, there can be but little security to the 
^ white men in any asserted rights. Thefts are of daily 
and nightly occurrence in this vicinity, and negroes with 
arms are traversing the country under pretence of hunt- 
ing but really for stealing. The L^slature might change 
the law of homicide, so as to excuse whenever there is 
a trespass on the curtilage in the night time with intent 
to steal. Indeed the attempt to commit crime ought in 
all cases to be indictable and punishable. 

I hear nothing from Washington except what is con- 
tained in the papers. The temper of Congress is not 
more favorable to justice to the Southern States since the 
recess of Congress than it was before. But the discus- 
sions: if they are published at the North will, I think be 
favorable to us. The speech of Rev. G. Johnson, which 
has been sent nie in pamphlet, and of Doolittle against 
treating the States as conquered provinces, must have ef- 
fect where anv sense of truth remains. 

I may visit Raleigh in the course of next week. 

To General Ru{ier. 

Jan. mh 1866. 

I inclose extract from a letter from A. Mitchell, out* 
of the Circuit judges of the State to Judge Fowle of this 


I especially call your attention to it and wish to know 
whether if the facts be as cited, you will deem it your 
duty to have the matter investigated. 

I learn that one of the parties released from the prison 
is a terror to the orderly citizens of that part of the State. 
I get this information from Judge Fowle. 


(Extract from a letter to Judge Mitchell from Judge 


States viLLB^ Jaru 25th 1866. 

"A detail of U. S. soldiers from Salisbury under com- SSJS'Sdto?*^ 
mand of Q. M. Sergeant assigned to the duty getting up 
Gov( niinent stock in the surrounding country, on Sabbath 
evening last, constrained the jailer (as he alleges) to sur- 
render to them his key and they released the prisoners 
committed by you, Cook and Blackwell, and escorted 
them out of to^vn, and they made their escape and they 
remain nt largo. I cannot say their commander was 
ju'ivy to it but by some it is said he was inclined to cx- 
teinmle tlu» ontrngo. A representation of the transaction 
has been made to Gcnl. Packard, Commandant at Salis- 
bury, but he has given us no response — Such an act nat- 
urally causes irritation and tends to paralyze the influence 
of the Judicial administration." 

From B. 8. HedricJc. 

Washington, D. C. Jan. 27th, 1866. 

T have just R<»en the Attorney General in reference to Rc«irdingwinioii 
le 'noo applications for pardon" mentioned m your let- emi AppoiDtments. 
ter of the 18th inst. He directed his clerk to make out 
pardon papers for the whole of them, and said he would 
sign them. They will then go at once to the President 
and be signed I presume. They must not he pvblished. 

484 NoBTH Cabolina Hibtobioai« Commission. 

I have just seen the list of Collectors and Assessors as 
you finally sent it in. I feel a good deal mortified that 
Wm. H. Thompson could not have the jdace of Collector 
for the 6th Dist. I have worked so hard and so long to 
get it for him that it is too hard now to fail. He would 
have had it last October, but Holden out of spite to me 
kept him out of it. I thought that now you had recom- 
mended it, that it was to be considered good. I do not 
know what influence Lash may have had to embitter him 
to over-ride Thompson. But this I know. If Mr Lash 
had only accepted the nomination tendered to him just 
• before the meeting of Congress, we should never have got 
into the Estes business. I begged Lash to accept the 
place, just to have the matter settled. But he would do 
nothing. The fact is Lash cares little about the place, 
as he is a man of wealth, an old batchelor, and can do 
much In^tter for himself and (he StaUi by taking care of 
the Banking System for the State. But what is done is 
done. I understand the list as sent in will go to the Sen- 
ate on Monday. It is very important that it go through 
as soon as possible, for every day there is some new ap- 
plicant turning up for one of the places, souie outsider. 
There is a fellow here named Steadmau, formerly of New 
York, late of Beaufort who tliinks he is entitled to some- 
thing. From sources worthy of the highest credit I learn 
that he is a good deal of an imposter, and has been bor- 
rowing money from nearly everybody about Beaufort. 

I suppose Sol. Pool does not want the place, as ^Mr. 
Harrison is pnt in the place for what yon formerly nomi- 
nated him. 

I see that old Powell telegraphed from this city on 
the 24th inst. that he was still "State Agent". He and 
some others started the story here soon after Holden was 
relieved that Ilolden was to have all the patronage of the 
office of Gov. and on that condition you were permitted 
to go into office. 


From D. F. Caldwell 

Qrkensuoro N. C. Jan. 27th 1866. 

As I feel unusually solicitious for the success of your fl^jy ^5»!* 
administration I trust you will pardon me for troubling 
you again with my views on an financial policy. There 
is unusual anxiety and solicitude throughout this section 
<»f (hr Slulo I givo if. as uiy doridrd o|)inion tliat if the 
l(*gishiturr funds llie Imuk intnvst on the old bonds of 
I he State, as provides for the payment thereafter as Gov. 
Oraham's (Berry's) bill provides; or attempts to have a 
desire to pay it, very few who vote for these, any one of 
these measures well considered worthy of the confidence 
of their constituents hereafter. This rei>eal or modifica- 
tion of our usuary laws will be still more distasteful to 
a large majority of our jieople. Honestly believing that 
the above is a correct statement of public sentiment among 
influential as well as the more humble in life I do hope 
for your sake if nothing else. Your friends will delib- 
ernte long and well before they arc prevailed upon to 
ado])t any of these measures. I can name many of the 
old bond holders who think with me that if such a course 
of policy is adopted repudiation will of necessity follow 
— why not pass a bill to sell out all the State's stock for 
these bonds as you recommended. This measure is ex- 
(•(vdingly ])opular with the people. I have, in fact, heard 
but on(^ man op[)osc it and he was Thomas Fuller the for- 
mer President of the N. C. Rail Hoad. Then get the legisla- 
ture retjuest all the other bond-holders to deposit the re- 
mainder of the old bonds with him and issue to the holders 
thereof certificates of deposit for the same redeemable and 
fundable in new coui)on bonds bearing six ])er cent in- 
terest payable in Ealeigh in 5, 7 or 10 years as may be 
thought best. The bonds ought not to be exemp from tax- 
ation when reissued (I mean the six per cent coupond 
bonds). These certifficates should be made redeemable for 

486 NoBTH Oaboi^ika Histobioal Commibsion. 

all public dues and all other demands that may he made 
on the Stale and eonnty treasuries. Let the holders of 
these eertifficates have the power and authority to loan 
them at seven per cent per annum. If tliis is done we will 
soon have currency a plenty but not too much. Then let a 
good and judicious tax be levied and collected gradually 
increasing at every year and thus reduce the indebtedness 
of the State. If the eertifficates depreciate in value let 
the tax be increased in proportion. And my word ! every 
bond holder will get nearer par value for his bonds by 
this plan than any other. I have little faith in the Na- 
tional Bank and currency. This Finances are likely in my 
opinion, with other fillabusters to get us in a foreign war 
if so good bye to National Bank and Grooubncks. I have 
and I think all reasonable men would soon have greator 
confidence in our Treasury Certifficates than on the old 
1)onds — deposited — though for safety tlioy should be de- 
stroyed — and this faith and credit of the States than any 
paper currency that has been put in circulation in the 
State since it has been organized. For this single reason 
it rests on a better and more reliable basis as I can dem- 
onstrate to the satisfaction of any i*easonable intelligent 
mind in the State I press this matter upon your consid- 
eration from the purest and best of motives. I under- 
stand Jesse II. Lindsay is going down to night. There 
is litterally no money in the country. This Legislature 
will be compelled to give us some sort of paper Why not 
adopt the measure proposed it will not be obligatory on 
any one to comply with the terms proposed. If any of 
them can proviso, to get pay for their bonds on the in- 
terest due on them more certainly or at an earlier day I 
have no objection. 


To Wm. Foy. 

Raleigh^ Jan. £9th 1866. 

Iinnietliately upon the receipt of your letter of the 20th 
inst. I communicated a copy of it to Qenl. Ruger, solicit- 
ing his aid in remedying the grievences to which you call 
attention. As the State is not permitted to arm its 
militia, I feared our embryo civil authorities would be 
uiinble (o supprt'ss the armed robbery you describe. 

I inclose a copy of my answer which would have been 
sent sooner but for pressure of urgent business. 

New Bern. 

From li. S. Hedrick to Kemp P. Battle.^ 

Washington, D. C. 
Jan. S9f 1866. 

Inclosed please find a letter for the Governor, which 
please read and lay before him as soon as convenient. If 
ilio Gov. should substitute Thompson for Lnsh please tel- 
ep;rn|)h me. I shall not delay the appointment on account 
of the change for I think it very important that the ap- 
pointment bo made with as little delay as possible. 

We are all well. I have not yet had time to pack up and 
send the Finance Reports, but will do so soon. I have 
spent so much time of late over N. C. matters that I am 
iH'hind with my office work. Did you see the Progress 
of the 26th in regard to Powell ? 

* Kemp P. Battle was at this time Public Treasurer. His previous 
public service had been as a member of the Convention of 1861. 

488 North Oabolina Historioal Commibsiox. 

From Oeo. Stronach. 

MoBEiiEAD City Jan eoth 1866. 

At the request of the firm (Ilenshaw and Thorburn) 
with which I am at present connected, and other firms of 
this place, I respectfully ask your views on the follow- 
ing, viz 

Whether or not Merchants who have been transacting 
business during the war, in the State of North Carolina, 
and who have been paying the tax required to the IT. S. 
Govrmt. for Mdse reed (prior to the end of the war) will 
be required to pay the same tax again under the "Tax 
Bill" passed by the Convention. 

It is a matter of much importance to Merchants who 
have been located here for 2 or 3 Years and thev woubl 
like very much to hear your views on the subject. 

The net amt of Tax (Rev. & Gov) ]>aid by our firm to 
Ihe Govnit of the U. S. prior to the end of the war was 
over $1000 and they consider it very unjust for them to 
be compelled to pay the same again. Many other Mer- 
chants are similarly situated. 

Hoping that you will favor us with your views. 


To Lewis Hanes. 

Jan 29 1866. 

llciiion??hinw. ^*^ return can bo found in tliis <»lli(-(' of \\\v (\iu^n-rs- 

Bionul elecliou in the :{rd r>th and (>th Congressional Dis- 
tricts. Consequently I have no basis on which to rest 
a certificate of election verified by the great seal of the 

1 have called on Gov. Ilolden by a written note ap- 
praising him of this fact. lie replies, oflFering no explana- 
tion as to the absence of official evidence, but giving his 
opinion that I may well give the official certificate, be- 


cause it is notorious that Fuller and Walkup are elected 
— and that Col. Brown admits that you are elected. This 
opinion seems to me to be absurd. 

I am not aware of any precedent for a case where the 
official certificate of the Sheriffs is wanting. It seems to 
me that I might be warranted, in the absence of the best 
evidence in resting my certificate on the next best cvi- 
d(»nee, and (he next U'st evidence I think would Ikj the 
<•( rtificnte, under seal, of the Clerks of the several County 
Court Clerks, showing the vote of his Coimty for Con- 

I submit this state of facts and su^estions for your 


To General Ruger. 

Raleigh^ Jaiu 30th 1866. 

Yours of this date covering copy of a communication S^^J.^^*^ 
t(» ine of the 2(»lh iust. the original of which has not come ^^^ 
to my hands, is before me. You say "orders were given 
througli ITendqunrters District of Newbeni to the Sheriff 
of Craven County restraining the collection of taxes on 
business done by the following named persons under per- 
mits granted by the United States Treasury Department, 
and for which they paid the required tax to the Treasury 
Dejiartment until its legality can be determined by the 
proper legal tribunal. 

A. a. Craven Thilo Z. Malloy 

Evemon & Co Taylor & Wheaton 

T. S. Stale Fisher & Hascall" 

Taylor & Daniels Qarrelson & Vanveruck 

The fact that a citizen has paid to the United States any 
tax imposed for the support of that Government has 
not been regarded as relieving him from paying a tax on 
the same subjects, for the support of the State Government, 

490 North Carolina Historical Commissioh. 

and I do not deem it expedient to discuss the constitution- 
ality of our Eevenue law; and I regard it as important 
that the anoniolous relations now existing between the 
United States and this State he as well defined as possible. 

As you have arrested the collection of this tax, I of 
course assume that you have examined the ordinance em- 
powering it which requires that the Sheriff shall have 
collected, paid into the State Treasury and conipletcil 
their duties under said ordinance on or before the 1st 
day of February 1806. 

Your order arresting the collection was not reported to 
me till yesterday except in the indirect way of a telegram 
from the Sheriff of Craven. 

I am not now informed whether the order restraining 
the collection contains instructions protecting the Slate 
in case the "proper tribunal" shall decide that the tax is 
lawfully imposed, whereby the tax payer on his property 
shall be forthcoming — nor am I furnished with a copy of 
the ex parte statement of facts on which your order rests. 

Your order, as I conceive has deprived our State Court 
of jurisdiction, the only provisions in the ordinance for 
enforcing the payment of tax, Iwing i-endered nugatory 
by the order having issued just as the time was expiring 
when the powers of the Sheriff cease, — I am at a loss there- 
fore to know to what tribunal you refer as the "proper 
legal tribunal", your action has deprived the State of 
the only remedy provided for enforcing the payment of 
the tax. I learn however that an amendment to the ordi- 
nance has been prepared within a few days extending the 
time of collection to 20th of February 18G0. So that 
if you would now make by your order the matter might 
yet be brought before our Courts. 

I admit that the remedy of the tax-payer ought to be 
more expeditious, but I trust the interference with the 
civil government is not to rest on the opinion of the Gen- 
eral who may at the time have Alilitary command whether 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth, 491 

a law be constitutionaly or unconstitutional, or the remedy 
proposed an adequate or an inadequate one. 

I learn that all of the parties who have obtained these 
restraining orders have recently settled in the State while 
those who have long resided in Newborn have paid their 
taxes. I proposed to-day to the General Assembly a sum- 
iiiary trinl on cases ngrcod, in the Supreme Court for the 
)nir[H)S(* of g(»((iiig a drcision on the constitutionality of 
this ordinance from which decision either party, may 
appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States. 

To B. 8. Hednck. 

Raleigh, Jan. SOth '66. 
I reirret with you the substitution of Lash for Thomi)- North out>iiiui 

. polittcal appolnt- 

sou — and Harrison for Pool. I could not have acted menta. 
otherwise than I did (the assembly being here) without 
nuich criticism and censure. It was the right course. 

Not a pardon shall be published which passes through 
my hands — and tli(^ plan I have suggested will strengthen 
the President's popularity here, without prejudicing him 



Dr. Powell has not been re-appointed State agent by 
me — and if there has been any understanding as to his 
l)atronage, I am not a party to it. I have requested the 
Senlincl to correct the impression, made in the telegram 
I hat he is agent for the State. If Ilolden has reserved 
any patronage on leaving his position as Prov. Qovr. I am 
neither a party nor privy to it. In haste. 

[P. S.] — I earnestly hope tlie pardons will come. 

02 XorrH Cakolxsta Hxstokjcai. ComoBBios. 

To Mr. Tmies.^ 

s«f^ tfr «oq0«ca. I hare reol a c«>ininnDicftti'*o fn'^n j^wnrself an«l the 
*«««bfcte BoKiien in service of the Unite! Scares, fn>ui ihe ci>anries 
of Kandolph, Guilford, Daritlaoo, TaJkin, Sampson, Cra- 
Ten and Forsvthe in which wjo Cijo^ramlate me on mj 
electicA aa Got. of Xorth Carolina, and expressing voor 
hope that thoroogh Union maj soon he restored and each 
of Ton allowed to retnm to peaceful homes^ 

T am one of ttK«se whii alwavs lieliereil that e3rtrf*uii>ts 
Xortk and S^Hitli liad driviu the Utter jiurtiuu of the na- 
tion into unwise strife. The extremists of the Suuth. 
with whom I never had sympathy, are conquered and gen- 
^ erally ready to become loyal citizens. The triumphant ex- 
^ trffTfiists and disunionists of the Xorth are more pi^tent 
/ and more intent on domination than ever. If peace — 
and quiet — and pnisperity are to ntnm extrr^niists must 
cease to gvivem. The brave men who have jieriled their 
lives on either side of the terrible strife, have generally 
magnaminity and respect for each otlier and I hope will 
place themselves as a break- water between the mad ele- 
inr-nts which still threaten stability of government. 

Let us all now seek by some e«>nce3sion a forebearanee 
toward each other to restore the amity and concord between 
the parts of our great country in which alone the happi- 
ness of the greatest nundier is to be attained!. 

With an earnest desire in all ways, personal and official 
to restore our uuhap]>y ciMintry to friemlly relations and 
you to ycuir home aucl friends, T suliserilie myst^lf. 

To Bedford Brown.'' 

Raleigu. Feb. 5th 1866. 

I do not find on the files in this otKce the joint returns 
of the Sheriffs of the 5th Congressional District, showing 

> A member of Co. D, 4tb United States volunteere. 
' Bedford Brown, of Caswell, was a member of the Uooae of Com- 
mons from 1815 to 1818, and again in 1823. He was State Senator in 



the result of tlio election for a member of Congress oij 
the 9th Nov. Inst. !Mr. Ilancs has filed your letter of 
the loth Dec. hist tuliiiittiug his majority of 24 votes in 
the district, but in the absence of the general certificate 
of the Sheriffs, I do not feel authorised to certify his elec- 
tion. Govr. ITolden does not know where this certificate 
is. In your letter to Mr, Hanes you say that you have 
the certificate of election signed by the returning oflScers. 
Tf you still have it, will you send it to me to be filed in 
this oflice. 

With the best wishes for your health and prosperity, I 

To Oeneral WalJeup. 

Raleigh Feb. Bth 1866. 

I learn from Gk)vr. Graham and others that the cer- 
lificnti^ of the Provl. Govr. will not 1)0 recoiniized as to ^^c'iiUiir to ccrun- 

^ ctitcofclcctioti. 

the election of a member of Congress. The certificates 
of the SheriflFs of the Ist 2nd — 4th and 7th districts arc on 
file and 1 have issued my certificates. The others are not 
on file and Gov. Holden knows nothing about them. I 
l^resume they are in possession of the gentlemen in whose * 
favor they were issued. I hope you will suddenly get 
notice of your admission to your seat, and if so, you 
would prefer the Danville route I presume. On produc- 
ing the certificate I will make out my certificate and for- 
ward it to you, as you may direct. 


1828, 1829, 1842, 1858, 1800, 18G2, and 1868 In 1829 he was 
Speaker. He was United States Senator from 1829 to 1840, when 
lie resigned rather tlinn obey instructions from the Legislature. 
He was elected to Congress in 1865, but was refused a seat. He was 
throughout his life a Democrat but was not a secessionist. 

494 NoBTH Oabouita Histoiuoai. Coicicnsioir. 

To Thos. Fuller. 

R.vT.KTnii Fch. nth /on. 

ReiAtiiig to ecrufl. I leam from Qovr. Graham and Mr. Pool and otlier 

cate of election. % t ^ . ^^ i ... .1 

nicnu)or8 elect to Congress that your ccrtincates, givrii hy 
the Provl Govr. will not be recognised. Upon yonr pro- 
ducing the certificate of your election I will issue the 
certificate required of the Govr. I find the certifi- 
cates on file as to the election of Stubbs, Clark, Turner 
and Jones. The other three are not filed and T presume 
are in possession of the gentlemen in whose favor they 
were issued. The law does not require the filing of them 
Qovr. Holden knows nothing about them. 


To Hugh McCulloch.'^ 

Raleigh, Fehy. 5ih 1866. 

sutoi'bui^to:^^^ I herewith inclose a memorial from the inhabitants of 

the town of Plymouth, which presents a great grievance 
applicable to many other individuals and places in the 

The land tax is now being collected in Pljrmouth. When 
T the taxes ai^ collected on the valuation of I860, on real 
estate, the chief value of which was the improvements 
since destroyed, the hardship is grievious. I have not had 
time to examine the Revenue laws, and it may be that 
you have no power to relieve the petitioners and othei*s 
(many others) in like conditions. If you have not, I 
earnestly request you (as we have no representation in 
Congress) to ask for such legislation as may be necessary 
for the relief of the petitioners and the others similarly 
situated. If anything can be done for their relief, it must 
be prompt, as the collector are now exacting the taxes 
upon the assessment of 18G0. 

Washington^ D. 0. 

^ Secretary of the Treasury. 

Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 495 

To T. L. Bussell 

Raleigh, Feb, 6th 1866 
Yours of the 2ud inst is received. The unanimity with ?>*'*'"* ^L^fi- 

*^ den's record with 

which mv constant friends at Crawford's sustained me as*^****^"- 
a candidate for the elevated position I now fill is most~ 
gratifying to mc. I am conscious of having served my 
conn try tli rough a long life with wliat ability I could 
and hoped to have retained their confidence and respect 
to the end of my life. It was deeply mortifying to me 
when I learned that the result of the late election in- 
dicated that a majority of my old friends preferred Mr. 
Iloldcn over mo. No public man more constantly opposed 
Secession nnd Disunion than I did. When war came 
no one was more solicitous to restore us to peace. All 
llandolph — the whole State knows that at the beginning 
I predicted and did my best to avert the calamities which 
have befallen us. They knew my opponent had for long 
years taught secession — and fomented the sectional strife 
which ended hi war. They knew when he j)rctc'nded to 
favor |)eacc, he unifonnly denounced any peace not based 
on Tndopondoneo, which all sensible men knew was not 
attainable. That a man who had been all things to all 
men should beat me in my own County, was mortifying. 
While the old Whig counties, which knew me best — » 
Richmond, Montgomery, Stanley, Anson, Davidson, Guil- 
ford, Orange, etc. gave mc overwhelming majorities it 
touched me deeply when the vote of Randolph was cited 
as proof that those who knew me best did not confide in 
me. 1 am persuaded, however, that they were misled by 
the fear that my election would retard or prevent our res- 
toration to the Union and that now that they perceive this 
was a mistake, very many of them regret the votes they 
gave. I forgive them, believing and knowing that I de- 
served their confidence, if I ever did. 

[P. S.] — If the election between me and Holden were 
to come off now I should beat him 80,000 votes. 

New Hope Academy. 


Relating to ccrn 
cateof electi<;ii. 


iilcatcs from your ciuploj'ces, Avho can speak from their 
•wii knowledge, fully explaining the transaction. C. P. 
M. communicates what he learns second hand from them. 

A large quantity of cotton, (besides the 37 bales on i 
hand) seems to have been sold by Dr. Sloan to A. J. Jones, 
which had been shipped from Macon Qa. and which had 
not arrived. Did tliis purchase money pass through your 
liMiuls. How many bales were thus sold and what price. 
Were the insurance, freight and other charges paid by 
Jones ? 

Let the statements be made by those who know the facts 
and let them be full and clear. 

New York City. 

To W'illiam Sloan. 

Haleigii, Fehy. 7th 1866. 

I received on yesterday a communication from a gen- Joncs^ioon cotion 
tloman in New York City, setting forth that you as late 
Provisional Treasurer of this State had sold to A. J. Jones 
Kb«I. a lnrp:o qunulily of Stale eoMon nt prices nuieh below 
tlic nnu'ket value. The character of the gentleman from 
whom 1 have received this communication imposes on me 
the duty of making inquiry into the alleged transaction. 

I deem it due to you and to the relations you have sus- 
tained to tlio State, to appraise you of this fact, and to say, 
if you made such sale under the circumstances alleged and 
you think proi>er, that I shall be glad to have from you 
any communication you may desire to make. 

To B. 8. Ilcdnck. 

IIaleioh, N. C. February 7th 1866. 

I have been so excessively occupied with indispensable J^**°* ^ 
duties for the last two or three months that I have not 
been able to answer all your letters. 


4^8 North Cabolina Historioai. Com^ixssion. 

I beg you to accept my heartiest thanks for your atten- 
tion to all my requests. 

If you can help Mr, Mason engineer through the par- 
dons for tliis State so that I can get them to distribute 
through tlio agency of the members of the Assembly, you 
will do me, tlie parties pardoned and the President a great 
favor. Very many of them are obscure persons who al- 
Avays abhorred Disunion, but were Post-masters or held 
other petty oiRces or were $20,000 men. They complain 
when they know so many prominent secessionists have Itecu 

I approved for pardon all the petitions presented to me 
because none of them were men more culpable than many 
who had been pardoned. 
t No rule to guide mo has been laid down and I said in 
• ' my letter accompanying the large lot of ])ctition3 which I 
found in the oiKco that in view of the pardons which \\\\k\ 
been granted in this State I could think of no rule of dis- 
crimination which would warrant me in recommending the 
rejection of any of them. T. L. Clingman, hearing of 
this, appealed to me and I recommended his pardon to 
mako myself consistent, but I have since though 1 ought 
not to have done it. He did mom than any body else 
(except ITolden) to foment discord between the South 
and the North, lie and Asa Biggs and a few others should 
wait for the General Amnesty. 

I have written to Lash, asking him to give Wm. A. 
Thompson the best appointment within his gift. 

Washington, D. C. 

To Dr. Nathan Stanton. 

U.vLKioir, Fch. 8lh 18GG. 
Deoui of reporti Yours of the 25th inst. is received. 

injurious to ibo i ^ i • 

suito. The reports you hear as to tho dangers hero of being 

killed on the high-ways are greatly exaggerated. A man 


inay travel in North Carolina with as much security as in 
any State in the Union. This does not mean the same 
security as before the war — Cases of disturbances, save in 
the chief towns, are almost unheard of and in the cheif 
towns they are much less freqnent than in your cities. 

If a man demean himself with propriety he has little to 

I hopo you will return — My mother was here to visit nio 
a few days ago in fair health. 

Edkn Praiuie, Minn, 


Feb. 13th 1860. 

The bearer, J\ir. Button, visits the Southern States for 
the purpose of giving a wider circulation to the World, a 
news-paper published in the City of New York, 

The tone of such numbers of the i)apcr as I have seen, 
is National in its character. It is a Union paper, ably 
ndviHMiting lhc» ndniisHiou of tlio Southern dolcgsition to 
seats in Congress, in contradistinction to the Disunion 
Press of the North which treats the South as a conquered 
province and taxes us without allowing us representation. 
The World sustains the President in his efforts to do jus- 
tice to the South. 

1 hope Mr. Button may succeed in his object. 

500 NoBTH Carolina Histobioal Commission. 

To Reverdy Johnson.^ 

Raleigh, Feh. 16th 1S06. 

^ Ab the South has no representation in Congress, you 
Askinff assistance wiU pardou me for calling your attention to a matter re- 

towards relief from j- i • i x- j? xi. i* j? i? j? 

u. 8. tax. gardmg legislation for the relief of many of our citizens. 

The United States land tax is now being collected in 
this State. The assessment of land made in 1800 for the 
purpose of raising State taxes, is taken by the United 
States Collectors as the basis, and the tax demanded is 80 
cents on the $100. valuation. 

It is known that throughout the South since 1860 whole 
towns have been destroyed by fire, as well as great num- 
bers of dwellings, plantations, mills, etc. in the rural dis- 
tricts. Lots with the structures on them in 1860, arc now 
rendered comparatively useless by the destruction of the 
buildings then on them. The collection of tho tax under 
this rule is exceptionally oppressive on many. The inhabi- 
tants of one of the towns of this State (Plymouth) where 
/ the taxes are now being collected and which has been al- 
, s mo^t totally destroyed by fire since 1860, sent me a me- 
( morial a few days ago praying for relief. I sent it to 
the Sec. of the Treasury, requesting him, if he could give 
me no relief, as we have no representation in Congress, that 
he would ask for legislation. He replies that he has no 
power to relieve, and adds that in his annual report, a 
copy of which he incloses, he has made such recommenda- 
tions, as in his opinion, he could with propriety make, 
and that ho liopos for early action of Coiigroas can\yiiig 
out his suggestions, and granting other effective relief. 

On examination of the report I do not find any sugges- 
tion for the relief of the very numerous class, the value 
of whose real estate has been diminished by the destruc- 

> Heverdy Johnson, of Maryland, formerly Attorney General of the 
United States and now United States Senator. He was a member of 
the Joint Ck>mmittee on Reconstruction. 


iiou of tlie buildings on it since tho vulnation of 18G0. 
Some oxpoditioiis mode of re-assessment ought to be pro- 
vided for such cases, and I hope our peculiar situation will 
be deemed a justifiable excuse for asking your interference 
in our behalf. 

In tlie Eastern District of this State the tax collected ^ 
was 60 cents on the $100. valuation, and I learn that at 
various places it is 27 cents. If you can inform me to 
whom I may address an inquiry for an explanation of this 
:eeming inequality I will bo obliged to you. 

Washington, D. 0. 

To A. If. Tovilinson & Sons. 

Feb. 17lh 1866. 
The nolos you hold on tho Banks of N. C and C. F. condition of North 

. Ill Carollnn bftnkB. 

are the best in your list and are both worth a good deal 
more than Brokers are paying for them. The specie and 
irnl oatiitc* at gold value held by tho Bank of N. Care 
suflicient to pay 25 cts on tlie dollar on all the indebtedness 
of the Blink. It has other assets in the shape of debts 
due it, equal as I think to 25 cts to the dolUr. I would 
not take less than 50 cts on the dollar in present cur- 
rency, for notes on the Bank of N. 0. 

The C. F. notes ought to bring in present currency 40 
cts in tho dollar. 

The other N. C. Banks on your list are of unequal 
value — tho Farmer's Bank the best of them, but all not 
only insolvent, but very largely so — and I attach no im- 
portance to the provision in the charter of all of them 
(excepting the Bank of N. 0.) making the private property 
of the sIcK'klioldorH liable to twice the amount of the stock, 
ill case of the insolvency of tho Bank. Tho insolvency 
must be cstablisheci by some judicial proceedings before 
the stockholder can be held liable and after that the remedy 
is uncertain — probably by bill in Equity at which all bill 

602 North Cabolina Histo&ioal. Commission. 

holders and creditors must be made parties^ and the decree 
in favor of all in possession to tlic amount of their re- 
spective claims. Tlie stot^kholders don't intcn<l to pay 
and will resort to aaiy rneasitres to avoid jmymenL 

The Banks of Fayettevillc, Chirendon, Washington and 
Yanceyville are almost worthless — and not likely to im- 
prove their assets as compared to tlieir debts being nominal. 

I think none of them will get worse soon, and if you do 
not need money I would hold on — ^but the Banks last men- 
tioned are not likely to improve mucli. 

I can give no information in regard to the Banks out of 
this State. 

Bush Hill. 

To ScoH Welhom.. 

Feb. 20th 1800. 
f^^^ngtoik^y Yours of the 19th inst is received. 

Neither the Qenl Assembly or State Convention can 
make any law or ordinance impairing the obligation of 
contracts because the Constitution forbids a State to pass 
any act impairing the obligation of a contract. 

I know not what law the Genl Assembly may pass as 
to scaling existing contracts, but am satisfied that no 
binding rule can be established which will not do great 

My viows on stay-laws are well known to tht^ public ami 
the Genl Assembly. They are condousod in tlie old maxim 
that honesty is the best policy. 

Trinity College. 


To John Baxter.^ 

Raleujh, Feb. SGth 1860. 

The resolutions in N. Y. on the 22nd inst and Mr. 
Seward's speech east a damper on my hopes founded on 
tlie President's veto, message and speech. If the Freed- 
ninn's Bureau is to be kept up another year upon the 
absurd assumptions tliat war exists now; and if nobody 
is to be received into Congress from the South save thoL-e 
who can take the test oath it is a substantial exclusion. 
The N. Y. platform is only a shade less obnoxious than 
that of Sumner & Co. 

! .' / 

To J. M. \VorlU. 

March Srd 180^. 

Yours from Shops is received. 

A bill has passed the Commons and I think will pass 
lh(» S<Muil(\ nutliorisin^ tlio holdors of oou|)on8 over-due 
from our ohl State bonds to take a new bond for them. 
If tliis bill passi's the value of your coupons will go up. 
I have therefore deemed it best for you not to sell them 
for the present. 

Send me a check on S. M. & Co.* for as large amount 
as you can conveniently. If it be for more than enough 
I will pay interest at 7 per cent, on the excess until I can 
fully refund which I shall be able to do very soon. 

[\\ S.l— I owe S. ]ir. & Co. $G000, subject to credit 
for 13 bales of cotton. 

Company'r Shops. 

* .lolin I^Axter, a iintivo of North Cnrolina, hod been a member of 
the House of Commons in 1842, 1852, and 1850. lie was Speaker in 
1856. lie moved to Tennessee and was tliere a member on the Con* 
vention of 1870. In 1877 the f^resident appointed him Judge of the 
Six Hi United States Circuit. 

' Swepson, Mendenball A Co. 

504 NoBTH Cabolina Histobical Commission. 

To Swepsan, Mendenhall d Co. 

Mar. 6th 1866. 
joiies-sioan cotton rj,j^^ ^^.^^^j^ l)ctwceii Slooii & Joiics & Company, ns to 

Stato Cotton will not 1x5 recognizeil. Pay no more money 
on acconnt of sales of State Cotton, except to Kemp P. 
Battle, Pub. Treasurer, or by his order. 

Nkw Youk City. 

To Andrew Johnsoiu 

Raleigh, Mar, 6th 1866. 

of State p^^Sj? The letter book of Ex. Gov. Vance, the great Seal of 

the State, and probably other documents belonging to the 
Executive Department of this State were captured by the 
military authorities of the United States last spring and 
wore sent, as I understand, to Washington City, with the 
exception of the great Seal, which I presume was lost or 
kept by the individuals who captured it. 

If there be no reason for the longer detention of this 
letter book or other documents belonging to this State, I 
respectfully ask that they be put in possession of Gov. 
Swain to be returned. 

Any book or document belonging to the State can be 
examined under your orders at any time or copies fur- 
nished if requested by you. 

To David L. Swain. 

Mar. 9th 1866. 

A?lF,'",R ''?.', P*S®" I do not know the rules of action Avhich govern the 

of N. W. Woodflo. , ... . 

action of the President in granting pardons nor the prin- 
ciple which governed the Provisional Governor. Many jicr- 
sons who held seats in the State Convention of 1861 have 
been pardoned. N. W. Woodfin was a member of that 


Convention, lie is an aged man and, so far as I know, 
did nothing in bringing on or conducting the war making 
liim more culpable than those who voted for the act of se- 
cession. I entertain no doubt that Mr. Woodfin is now 
loyal to the Government of the United States and a sin- 
cere and ardent supporter of President Johnson's policy — 
and would l)e gratified if the President would pardon him. 

\VAsniN<rroN, I). 0. 

To B. 8. Hedrick. 

Ralbioii, Mar. 16th 1860. 

The pressure of my duties has prevented an earlier re- SmU^n* Jj ^^^^ 
ply to several communications from you for which I am p^'^o""- 
much obliged to you. 

I inclose a list of names, in compliance with your sug- 
gestion, for which I make sjjecial application for pardons. 

Our Couvrntiou passed an ordiuanco allowing all ])nr- 
ti(»s who have failed on petition for a pardon to vote in 
flic clrrtious of flio Oth Nov. last provided their pardon 
had been advertised by the Prov. Gov. as having been 
granted, although the pardon had not come to hand. Im- 
mediately upwards of 500 were advertised as having been 
pardoned, whereby they became entitled to vote. Of 
course each of thoso in importunate for his pardon. From 
what I can learn, they had not been pardoned. Their 
names were probably passed for pardon by the Atty. Qenl. 
Is there any reason why these would not come at once? 
There has been an official advertisement in the Standard 
that they had l)oen pardoned. If necessary I will send a 
copy of the paper containing tlie announcement. I state 
flio fact in order to got the pardons and make a commen- 
tary on the motive of his premature announcement a few 
days before the Governor's election. How the Prest. is to 
be prejudiced by the issue of these pardons already offi- 
ciallv announced, I cannot understand. 

506 North Carolina Historioal Commission. 

It is not possible that I can tell whose cases are most 
urgent. I inclose a list of applicants to whose pardons I 
tliink there can ho no ohjoctiou, all of whom, I iiave i'(*:isoii 
to think will be much inconvcnieneeil by delay. I dis- 
like to nnnoy you with this pardon business. 

Washington, D. C. 

To E, Beckerdite. 

Raleigh. Mar 15lh ISOG. 

Yours of the 9th inst. asking me to recommend you as 
Depy Collector in your district. 

Before I had received your letter I had given a recom- 
mendation to another applicant, But for this there is no 
man whose fitness for the position I would more cordially 

You are at liberty to use this in any way you may think 

I would write you at large if pressure of duties would 

Salem Cihtuoh. 

To E. J. Hale. 

Raleiou, Mar. 15th 1800. 

Relating to the Yours of the 13th is just received. 

Although the t-nxing of us while we nro donie<l roproseu- 
tation is a flagrant violation of an axiom in our system of 
government and the President has declared his disap- 
proval of it, the land tax has been in course of collection 
in this State for more than six months. In the Newbern 
district 60 cents on the $100. valuation in 1800 was col- 
lected. In this district and in others from which I have 
heard 80 cts on the $100. has been collected. Tn Virginia 
27 cts on the $100. Of course the Prest is not ignorant 
that this tax is being collected: Further, he recently sent 


hero an agoiit rc<|(ic8tiiig mo to give my opinion wkothor 
llie Stfltc onglit to be divided into seven instead of three 
districts fur the collection of the internal revenue — and ^ / r.P 
requesting me to suggest the names of suitable men in ^^ 
each district as collectors and assessors, restricted to those +txA/ • ■^•'*' 
who could take tlie teste oath. I refer to these facts to 
show that these taxes are being collected with the assent 
of I he Prest. \yiiether he refrains from interference be- -"" fiix.i» 
cause of want of power or from motives of expediency I do 
iKitJbiow. I strongly impressed on the Prest, in a per- 
sonal interview in July last the impoverished condition of 
the State, and endeavored to get him to postpone the col- 
lection of the land tax. 

The land tax is collecte<l on the State valuation of 1860, 
since which in a large number of cases throughout the 
whole South Factories and other strnctures have been de- 
stroyed ; — the lot on which they stood being now scarcely 
worth as much as the taxes. I recently asked the Sec. of 
the Treasury to grant relief if he had power — and if not, 
to call on Congress to provide a remedy. lie answered 
that he could not give relief and that he had asked Con- 
gr<»ss in his regidar message to make all needfid modifica- 
tions of the law. lie inclosed me a copy of his annual re- 
port. It had no reference to this manifest wrong. I 
then wrote to Reverdy Johnson, presenting the grievance 
and asking him, as we were unrepresented, to have the act 
ni(Nli(i(Kl — and also to ascertain for me, if he could, why 
less was collected in the Newliern district than in other 
districts of the State. 1 have had no answer, though more 
than enough time has elapsed. 

Govr. Swain has now gone on a public mission for 
myself and the Pub. Treasr. to Washington City with 
wrilh»n instructions to look into all these matters and put 
measures on foot for our relief, if possible. I fear noth- 
ing can be effected. If he accomplish any thing, I will 
appraise you on his return. 



To J, Parker Jordan. 

RALKiaii Mar. 16/00. 

I saw Geiil Itugcr and cudcavoi-cd to bring him to my 
conclusion that upon the evidence Mrs. Ball was not guilty 
of manslaughter. It seemed to me to be a clear case of 
justifiable homicide. I failed to convince him. 

I know not whether there is a right of appeal from his 
decision. If there be not, I would sign a petition for her 
pardon, believing that the finding was not warranted by 
the evidence. 


To Sion 11. Rogers. 

Raleigh, Mar. 16th 1866. 
saij^ of c. H. I jjst your opinion as to the salary due to the State Supt. 

of Common Schools. 

He was elected to this office in 18G2 and the law creating 
the office provides that the incumbent continue in office 
until his successor shall be appointed. He was probably 
re-elected in 1864, but at all events he has not been 
ousted by the election of another. 

By the 6 Sec. Chap' 76 Rev. Code all officers elected or 
appointed to any office of trust or profit is required to take 
an oath to support the Constitution of the United States — 
and by the 4th Sec. of same Chap, he is required to take 
an oath of <)fti(»o. 

By an act ratified Sept. 21/61 all such officers are re- 
quired to take an oath to support the Constitution of the 
Confederate States. 

The ordinance of 19th Oct last declares vacant only 

I Sion II. Kogers was a member of the legislature of 1860, of the 
Thirty-third and Forty-second Congresses. He was Attorney Gen- 
eral of North Curoliiia from 1802 tu 1808. lie was for a Hliorl iiiiio 
Colonel of the 47th North Carolina Regiment, C. S. A. 


those offices whose iiicuiubonts may have takeu the oath to 
support the Constitution of the Confederate States. 

_ _ as 

The State Supt. calls on me to issue a warrant for $160. 
in part payment of his salary, averring that he never took 
the oath to support the Constitution of the Confederate 

I desire your opinion whether he is entitled to such war- 
rant? He has been paid nothing .towards his salary since 
May last. 

To David L. Swain. 

Raleigh, Mar. 16th 1866. 

I inclose the lu^ro testimony act. I am at a loss to J^<*»Btoflegro 
know what is to be the effect of the first proviso to the 9th 
section. I used every legitimate means to have this pro- 
viso stricken from the bill, but a large number of the mem- 
bers who had pledged themselves to their constituents to 
vote against negro testimony — now convinced that both 
justice and policy required the opposite vote, — thought 
this proviso a necessary shield between them and their 
constituents. 13ut for these pledges the bill would have 
passed almost unanimously without the proviso. 

My object in addressing you is that you and Gov. 
Graham, if he still is in Washington, confer as to the ex- 
pediency of asking the Prest. to make the 9th section ope- 
rative, by requiring the chief of the Freedman's Bureau 
to make an order to his subordinate in this State (com- 
municating tlie same to me to be communicated to the 
Judiciary) that "Jurisdiction in matters relating to freed- 
men is fully committed to the Courts of this State." You 
may probably bo able to devise some better means of pre- 
venting this proviso from defeating the effect of the 9th 

Washington, D. C. 


To Oeorge R. Ricketts. 

Raleigh, March 17 Ih 1S6G. 

Conditions in the YouF NortlieiTi frieiids — ^inany of them — seem still to 

r^ard all of us alike. Sherman's army had two distinct 
organizations — the one fighting men — ^the other the mean- 
est set of thieves — ^^vho stole and destroyed and who 
seemed to be licensed and encouraged to steal and destroy 
without discrimination. They robbed and stole from 
black and white, ridi and poor, the widow, the halt, the 
blind — ^they destroyed what they could not steal from non- 

All our people feel conquered and not one thinks of any 
further resistance. Nol)ody is now disloyal in the propor 
sense of the term — but it would be false to assert that 
many of our people love our conquerors — ^their discontent 
is not lessened by the refusal of Congress to receive our 
representatives, while they keep the tax collector busy 
among us. 

I could not tell formerly which I most abhorred: the 
abolitionist who wanted to break up the Union to destroy 
slavery — or the secessionist who wished to break it up to 
preserve slavery. Your Northeni Disiniionists who now 
look to accomplish what the secessions could not effect, 
are the most detestable of the human family. 

If the schemes of Thad. Stephens & Co. are sustained 
by the North our whole Country will bo ruined. T hope 
the great iKxly of the Northorn p<^oj)lo is not impelled by 
i\\e unstatesnianlike and malignant feelings which govern 

I very much fear that the Congress represents truly the 
feeling of those they represent. 

New York City. 



To ir. J. T. Miller. 

Ealeiou, Mar. 20/66. 

I have not a copy of the order issued by Genl. Buger Jonedanny rtSck 
upon my remonstrances. It was published in the Sentinel 
and I believe, in the other news-papers of the State, about 
14th January last. 

1. It forlmdo the cniploymont of citizens in hunting 
up the animals. 

2. It forbade the seizure of uubrandcd animals, ex- 
cepting on special orders from Head Quarters based on 
evidence that the U. S. owned the animals. 

3. It limited the time within which animals branded 
C. S. could be seized to 1 Feb. 1866. 

4. It required that the animals captured should be sold 
(unless for special reasons) in the county where captured. 

Fearing I might not remember the provision of this 
order I have sent for the paper and had a copy prepared 
which I inclose. 


To John Baxter. 

Raleigh, Mar. 20/66. 
Yours of the 2nd inst. came to hand to-day. 

I have road with hearty ap])roval the resolutions you 
oflFcred on the 22nd ult at Nashville. 

I had often licard your views at the beginning and dur- 
ing the progress of our late troubles — and believe there 
was uniform concurrence in our views. I am glad to find 
that now actual war has ceased most of us can exercise 
a forbearance towards our erring neighbors which recent 
converts to our views do not exhibit The culture of ani- 
mosity and hatred among our people is equally repugnant 
to Christianity and Statesmanship. 

I inclose you a copy of my late annual message. 

Knoxvillb, Tenn. 

512 North Cabolina Historioal Commission. 

To Calvin H. Wiletj. 

Raleigh, Mar. £1/66. 
Regarting wiicya On receipt of yr letter of the 15tli inst I aiUlrcssi^d a 


note to the Atto. Goril, tlion in tlio City (of wliidi I in- 
close a copy) asking his opinion whether I would be war- 
ranted in issuing the warrant asked for. I have not re- 
ceived his answer. The Trcas. had propounded some 
questions to him and being required to be on his circuit, 
I suppose he had not time to answer my inquiry. As 
soon as he shall answer, I shall take pleasure in granting 
the warrant, should he decide that I may lawfully is- 
sue it. 

I greatly deplore the suspension of the Public Schools 
and the consequent discontinunnoo of your office. 


To Louis P. Onffith. 

Raleiqii, Mar, 21/60. 

uoiutiiiK to suto Yours of tile li)th inst is Inifore nie. 

The Genl Assembly has passed an Act authorising the 
Pub. Treasr. to sell the 6 per cent coupon bonds running 
• 34 years (provided that they shall not be s6ld at less 

than par) in sums of $100. — $500. and $1000. to raise 
money for the payment of all her bonds now due and 
falling due this year, and for the payment of coupons now 
duo and falling duo this year. As tlu\He bonds nuiy nol 
bring par the holders of these securities will have to take 
them. This is the best the State could now do for her 
creditors. The issue of these bonds will raise our State debt 
to about $16,000,000. We have stocks in our R. Roads 
and bonds on R. Roads secured by mortgage to the amount 
/ of $9,000,000. If Congress would receive our members, 

L leave us to manage our Internal affairs, and allow us to 
believe that our Northern brethren cared anything for our 


ivelfarc, wliercby apprehension Uint all we hold dear is 
in danger, might be removed, the State could pay this 
debt — and would pay it. As most of this debt is held 
North and our debt continued during the war, which was 
a domestic debt, has been repudiated as a condition pre- 
cedent to full restoration to the Union, and new condi- 
tions are being imposed, and we are taxed without repre- 
sont4ition and our loyalty still RU8|>oct(Ml in the Uwjo of 
our renewed oath of fealty aJid our known impotcney to 
resist, the difliculty of getting our people to provide for 
this debt is daily increasing. We have no disloyal men, 
in the proper sense of this term and if Congress would 
act like Statesmen all would be right. — 

Nkw Yokk City. 

To P. H. Winston. 

Raleigh, Mar. 21 1866. 

Yours of the 12th inst- is just received. 

In the contingency to which you refer it will give me 
pleasure to nominate you alone to the Council and I do 
not apprehend any hesitation as to the ratification of the 

Two members of the Council of State, Mr. Yeates* and 
Mr. Cowles* — may have voted for Mr. Ilolden — I presume 
they did — ^but T think each of them willing to sustain 
my administration. All the others were my straight out 

[P. S.] — ^My Council is called to meet on the 14th prox- 
imo to make a Literary and Int. Impt. board. 


' Jesse J. Yeates. 
' Calvin J. Cowles. 


614 NoRTu Cabolina Histobioal. Commission. 

To Nereus MendenhalL 

Raleigh, Mar. 22/60. 

Uon*ofj?i*i"d**'*" ^^ ^^" ^^^^ ^*^ Slatulard uiid Proyi'ess you will liuvc 

perceived that tlie alleged cause of tlie recent removal of 
large numbers of Quakers from this State is coutinuetl 
persecution towards them since the close of the war, and 
that the names of Gov. Graham and myself have been 
mentioned as somehow responsible for this oppression. I 
am persuaded that this insinuation could not be more 
luijustly made against any men in this Country, each of 
us having uniformly been their outspoken defenders, pub- 
licly and privately all our lives. 

I think it a misfortune to the State that they leave us, 
and if this exodus is attributable to any cause which I 
can control, I desire to know what that cause is. 


To Henry C. Bulimy. 

RAi.Eiaii. Mar 23/00. 

I have no right to replace the mules so cruelly taken 
from you during the war. If you can find them, you can 
recover them from the person having them in iK)ssessiou. 

The signature to your letter, according to improved 
modem fashion, is illegible, by any one not knowing the 
name independent of the writing. I imitate as well as 
I can. 



To John II. Wheeler.' 

Raleigh, Mar. 26th 1866. 
yours of the 14tli iiist. was delivered to me by Gov. Nccdofastate 

■^ agent in \\ ashing- 

Swain, the latter part of last week. ^^' 

As we have no representative in Congress I wished for 
authority to appoint or that the Qenl A. would have ap- 
liointed an agent until our representatives shall be elected. 
Dr. J\>\vell ilesircd this jigency and his friends introduced 
a bill proposing the appointment of such an agent for a 
term of years, with a large salary $2000. or $3000. a 
year. — stationery and other perquisites. The bill failed 
and no other was brought forward. I have no authority 
to draw on the Treasurer to pay such agent for his serv- 
ing and hence feel reluctant to trouble any friend. The 
pardcm question is the one which gives me most trouble. 
Sonic 800 petitions are pending. The Convention passed 
an ordinance allowing any petitioner to vote at our last 
Nov. election provided Gov. Ilolden should have adver- 
tised such petitioners as having been pardoned. A few 
(lavs before the election ho advertised the names of 500 
as those actually ])ardoned. I have tried in vain to get 
theses pardons. I found over 300 petitions for pardon ? ^ 
which have laid in the oflSce for months. I forwarded 
them early in January last. I got my friends Mason and 
Hedrick to make an effort. I am satisfied they have done 
their best but in vain. I have been in ofiUce about three 

^ John U. Wheeler was a native of Hertford county. He was a 
menil>er of the House of CfYinmons in 1827 and 1828. In 1831 he was 
Secretary of the Commission on French Spoliation Claims, and in 
1836 Superintendent of the Charlotte Mint. In 1842 he was elected 
Public Treasurer and served one term. He was a member of the 
State Senate in 1852. In 1853 he was made Minister to Nicaragua ; 
he n^tumed in 1857 and resided in Washington. When the war came 
on lie returned to North Carolina, and in 1863 went to England to 
collect material for a new edition of his History of North Carolina, 
published in 1851. This appeared in 1884, entitled Rominiseonen 
of Eminont North Caroiiniaut. Wheeler was a warm friend of An- 
drew Johnson. 

616 North Carolina Historical. Commission. 

months. Only one pardon has been sent to me^ excepting 
a few — some dozen — ^brought on about 1 Feb. by Dr. 
Powell; I have no authority to jiay an agent. If yon will 
get our archives — among them the letter books of Gov. 
Vance and as many of those pardons as possible, I will 
recommend and I do not doubt but the Genl. A will pay 

I understand the 500 were recommended for pardon by 
the Atty. Genl in October last and therefore advertised 
as pardoned by Gov. lloldon. 

Gov. Swain assured me he could have got the pardon 
of Weldon N. Edwards, but the petition could not be 
found. It appears to have been forwarded by Gov. H. and 
recommended for suppression on the 1 Aug. 1865. I saw 
Dr. Powell sinco the return of Gov. Swain. He says it 
and all others were duly filed. 

My regards to your family. 

Washington, D. C. 

To Hugh McCulloch. 

Raleigh, Mar. 26ih 1866. 

I sent to you by Govr. Swain my certificate that the 
weights and measures belonging to this State had been 
lost and asked that we bo re-supplied. This was nearly 
a month ago. lie reported to me on his I'eturn that he 
had left my certificate with tho proper officer and was as- 
sured tliey would be immediately sent. 1'hey have not 
come to hand. We are incommoded for want of them, 
many of the Counties having lost their weights and meas- 
ures during the war. You will much oblige by causing 
them to be forwarded soon. 

Washington, D. C. 


To Sion H. Rogers. 

Ralbioii, Mar S6/66. 

1 call to your attention Chap. 3 Sec. 13 Rev. Code, pro- 
viding for appointing State Geologist. 

The office became vacant in 1864 by the death of Pro- 
fessor Emmons, and on the 28th Nov. 1864 W. C. Kerr 
was appointed by tlio Qovr. 

Did the Oovr. have authority to fill such vacancy? 

If the Qovr. did have tho po\vcr the question arises 
whether the incumbent is still in office by virtue of said 

lie avers that he has never taken the oath to support 
the Constitution of the Confederate States, and that con- 
acqnoutly Iiia offi(»o was not vacated under the ordinance of 
the 19th Oct. 18G5. It is admitted he did not take the 
oath to support the Constitution of the United States, as a 
qualification to said office. Chap. T6 Sec. 5 Eev. Code 
requires every officer before entering on the execution of 
his oflloo to take nn oath to support the Constitution of the 
Unilfd Statx^s. 

Tho preamble to the ordinance of our Convention, rati- 
fied 19th Nov. last page 63, declares that no one can right- 
fully claim any vested interest in any office until he shall 
have taken an oath to support the Constitution of the 
United States. 

Am the Rupt. of Common Schools and State Geologist 
officers required to take an oath to support the Constitu- 
tion of the U. S. ? 

In view of all these facts is Mr. Kerr State Geologist — 
or is he entitled under his appointment in 1864, now to 
tako llio oath of his office? and demand induction into 
office* ? 

Yon will see that no form of oath of office for State 
Geologist is prescribed in the Revised Code. 

An early answer is desirable.. Should you be in doubt 
on the question presented, in what way can the question 
be brought up so as to be decided by the Supreme Court 
at its next session? 

518 North Cabolina Histobioal Commtssion. 

From A. M. Tomlinson, 

Bush Hill, Randolph County. 

e7th of the Srd month. 18GG. 

gcnyinjemijia- I aiu acquainted with nearly all the Friends residing 

in Qnilford, Randolph and Davidson counties, and I have 
heard of no prosecution or ill treatment whatever, and 
there have but very few removed since the close of the 
war, and none from oppression that I know of. There 
have some two or three companies of people moved out 
of the above said counties, but there were but very few, 
if any. Friends among them. 

To 0. W. Brools.' 

Raleigh, Mar. 29/6G. 

I have made divers efforts to obtain the information 
sought by your letter of the 26th. 

I recently got Gov. Swain, who went to Washington 
City at the instance of the Pub. Treasurer and myself to 
attend to sundry matters of State to inquire into the uuit- 
ter and especially to get some member to propose relief 
to the o^vners of real estate, whose factories, mills, and 
other houses were burned since the valuation of 1860. He 
consulted TTon. R. Johnson and others and not being able 
to get the required information, drew up in his o^vn name 
a memorial to Congress on the subject which you will 
see was presented by ITon. R. Johnson and referred to 
Com. of Finance. 

I have also written Hon. E. A. Rollins and as soon as 
I shall obtain any reliable information will inform you. 

^ Geonre W. Brooks was a member of the J>eg:islature of 1852. Dur- 
ing the war ho rcinainecl at home hut was an outspoken adhiM-cut of 
the Union. Ho wns a member of the Convention of 1865, and in 18<iG, 
being able to take the test oath, he was appointed United States Dis- 
trict Judge. 


To Nercvs M^iulenhall. 

Raleigh, Mar. 29/66. 

1 have summoned the Council of State to meet on the 
14th Apl. next, when, among other things, I shall have 
to nominate a Literary Board, consisting of three persons. 

If you will accept I propose to nominate you as one of 
thr hoard. Will you accept? 


From P. IL Winston, Jr. 

Windsor 20 March 1866. 

1 thank you for your kindness. The health of Judge Hc|jw^ng state 
Barnes continues bad and he will resign. 

( \>nferring with you confidentially and without reserve 
I suggest the omission of my name in filling the two 
Bonrds. If appointed on either of them I should still 
apply for the Judgeship which I am sure will before a 
groat while be vacant. 

1 know but little of the status of public affairs in Ea- 

If Ferebee should oppose you and no one else runs you 
need not concern yourself with the election. There is no 
danp:or in that quarter. 

A'our danger if any is from some popular man who may 
endoavor to prejudice you because a good many secession- 
ists supported you. 

Of course Graham, Turner, Phillips, Berry, the More- 
heads, Wiley, Caldwell, Gilmer, Stubbs, Winston, Win- f 
lK)unie Lathnm McClecs AVilley, W. N. IT. Smith, Cowper 
and so on over the State will give you their support. 

Oliver II. Dockery is a good man and I would be glad 
to hear that you and he were good friends. Lewis Thomp- 
son likes you I know. The Haywoods including Dick 
Badger and Dock Hogg T hope are now your friends. 

520 NoBTH Carolina IIistoeical Commission. 

A straight forward continuance in right is what the 
people credit you for and you will I am sure deserve their 
support and get it. 

liy the way it now conies out that llohlon did, l»y a 
partisan, one sided and untrue tolq>;rain to President Jolin- 
son obtain the tel^ram ordering the repudiation of the 
new State debt. 

I find some little prejudice down here in the n^ro evi- 
dence question. Our people however arc fair mindiMl and 
a little reflection convinces that the question is one be- 
tween admitting the evidence on the one hand and placing 
the State in a position of defiance on the other, isolated 
defiance at that. 

My opinion is that the proposition of Stewart of Nevada 
for universal amnestv on the one hand and universal suf- 
frage on the other will be carried. 

We fishermen are catching now fine hauls of fish. Our 
farmers axe at work. Labor is very high here. Negro 
men make in fishing and in luml)or from 1.25 to $3 per 

From Calvin IL Wiley. 


Greensboro, N. C. March SO, 1S66. 

ttilpoinunenE *^ ^'^ ^V ^"^^ ^ promised to make some additional sug- 
gestions as to the Literary Board. There is no difficulty 
in getting your men — but t)ie trouble is to got such anion<^ 
the active politicians, and to arrange them properly with 
reference to existing parties. After much thought I think 
I can recommend such a Board, and I beg to call your 
special attention to the suggestions. 

I would name IT. W. Tlustead, J. W. Cunningham, 
and Mr. Conigland. Of these two will be old democrats 
and one voted for Mr. IFolden, wliiKi all are of that con- 
servative, honest class which you can bonst. If you still 


wish to give Mr. Dick a place I would suggest him iustcad 
of Coingland. 

We all feared, a while, (last year) that Mr. D. had 
some radical tendencies; that is, that he was inclined to 
lean to those who were for the Tennessee and Missouri 
programme, and for disfranchising the better half of the 
Stale. When the Confederacy failed Mr. Dick took high 
and honorublo ground, and won golden opinions on all 
sides. Wlicn he went to Washington he expressly avowed 
thsil ho did so to oppose Uoldeuj and radicalism and I 
heard him say as much himself. But we thought he came 
back an altered man, and by the time the election for the 
Convention was over he had greatly lost ground and was 
l(»sinji: it every day. I hope he has seen enough and is 
working back again. Nothing is to be had by appointing 
a riuHcal — he will never come to you, and be only in 
your way. I have had to be in Raleigh so much since 
the Fall, and have been so absorbed with the school ques- 
tion, that I am not fully posted as to Mr. Dick's position 
now. I have hoard it intimated that he is disgusted with 
llnlih»n. T I»eliovo I would constitute the Internal Im- 
provement Board as you suggest, Hale and Winston — and 
as a set-oif have two old democrats on the Literary Board. 
Cunningham has the confidence of both wings of the old 
democracy, and I know is a trusted personal friend of 
Hon. Wrldon Edwards, Gov. Bragpj, Gov. Clark, etc. I 
lik<» (\mi inland's honesty, but if you think it best to take 
a full IToldenite, I recommend Mr. Dick. 

To R. R. Heath. 

Raleigh, Mar. 31/66. 

I take pleasure in inclosing to you the certificate of com- 
mission which you expressed a willingness to accept in 
vour late letter. 


Holden's policy. 


Nothing note-worthy here. Gov. Iloklen perseveres in 
his efforts to please tlie Northern radicals by traducing 
any body except Holdenites in N. C. He hopes if the 
radicals over-ride Prest. Johnson (of which there is too 
much danger) that he will get the benefit of the thrift 
which comes by fawning. 

Memphis^ Tenn. 

Salary ore. H, 

To Calvin H. Wiley. 

Raleiqji, Mar, 31/00. 

You are aware, I presume, that the Genl Assembly re- 
fused to make provision for any arrearages of salary due 
to any of the Civil oiiilcers and which accrued during the 
war. Several had warrants payable 1 Apl. and prior to 
that period — j\lr. Brogden among the number, pressed 
his claim. Several of the judges had such warrants. The 
Genl Assembly refused to provide for the payment of 
these claims. Under these circumstances do you think 
I could justify myself in giving you the warrant you ask 
for ? It seems to me I am prevented as an executive offi- 
cer, from looking into the merits of the question. I know 
you would not have me grant you the warrant, except on 
the clearest conviction that you are entitled to it and 
that I ought to grant it. 

I know that in submitting a repoil for the Genl Assem- 
bly which was acctiptcd and ordered to Ikj printcHi — au<I 
in your attendance before the committees you acted under 
a well founded conviction that you were in office — and as 
a l^islator I would pay you for this service — ^but as ex- 
ecutive I do not feel justified in granting you the warrant : 
but shall feel gratified if you can convince me that I will 
be legally and morally justified, under the circiunstances, 
in issuing the warrant. 

As to the expenses for stationery, etc., it is a claim 
which must be audited by the Comptroller and if allowed 


by him, it will be my duty to issue my warrant accord- 

This is to me a most painful affair — and you may be 
assured it will be most gratifying to me to relieve you if 
I can be satisfied that I can do so consistent with duty. 


From Nereus Mendenhall. 

New Garden, N. C. 3rd Mo. Slst 1806. 

Thy letter of 22nd inst stating that some of our papers 
hold thee and Gov. Graham in some way responsible for Denyinffemim- 
the prosecution and abuse of certain members of the So- 
ciety of Friends who were thereby compelled to leave the 
State, did not reach me till the 28. The evening before 
I had seen in the New York Tribune a statement that 75 
members of the Society of Friends from Randolph passed 
through Washington on their way to Indiana driven away 
by the ex-soldicrs of the rebel army. All this was news 
to mo and subsequent inquiry has convinced me that not 
more than one-third of those 75 persons wcro Friends and 
tliat the departure of these was not requested by their 
neighbors — that they were in no sense driven off. I know 
of no such persecution or disposition to persecute either 
the Society of Friends or others, and were such persecu- 
tions \o occur, tliyaolf and Gov. Graham arc among the 
very last men whom I should expect to find giving counte- 
nnnco thereto. 

[P. S.] — ^iVt present I seldom see either the Standard or 
Progress. If I learn anything throwing a different light 
on the matter, I will write again. I think unless objected 
to by tlieo I shall forward thy letter to the Friend's Review, 
na I believe thy position is misunderstood. 
, Since writing the above I have had full information in 
every way reliable and have altered and interlined accord- 

624 North Cabolina Historical Commission. 

ingly. A few persons (not Friends) who were likely to 
be prosecuted for their bad conduct during the war have 
recently made their escape from Randolph. 

To General Rugcr. 

Ealeigh a pi. 2 1866. 

1 inclose a coumuinication from Jolin A. Young, Chinu. 
of the Executive Com. of the Mecklenburgh Agricultural 
Society to which I respectfully call your attention, and 
ask for the restoration of the property to the possession 
of the Society, if upon investigation the facts be found 
to be correctly stated, of which I have no doubt. 

This Society was foimed in pursuance of the laws of 
the State for the encouragement of agriculture, whicli 
laws are still in force entitling each County Society to 
draw from the treasury annually a specified sum in aid 
of the object. It is very desirable that these societies which 
lost vitality during the war, may be revived. That of 
Mecklenburgh was a conspicuous one prior to the war. 
^fay I hope that the property will be restored to the So- 
ciety ? 

To n. R. Heath. 

A irril 2nd 1S06. 

UoiuUiiK u» tho I iiiado out and Si'ut you sojiio days aiiro (lie cunuuissiou 

for taking probate of deeds, but think I omitted to answer 
yr inquiry as to what our Genl A. had done in relation to 
our old debt. 

It authorised the Treasurer to sell 6 per cent coupon 
bonds running 34 years, at par, to raise money to pay all 
the anto-liellum bonds and coupons now due and falling 
due this year. These bonds are to be for $100. 500 and 
1000. These bonds and coupons payal)le as the old ones 


ill N. Y. At piTBoi.t llic holders will have to take the 
bonds as they will not command par. Some of the old 
honda have been duo sonic two or three years. The holder 
is to be allowed interest from the maturity of the bond. 

This was the best we could do and is in conformity with 
my recommendation in my message to the Oenl Assembly. 

There are persons among us who would like to run a 
candidate ngniiiRt nie who would go for out and out repudi- 
ation — but so far they have been unable to find a man of 
any pretensions to respectability, so shameless as to run 
on this issue. 

Does D. K. McRae know that Mr. Gales of this city has 
in his possession a letter found in this ofiice in the hand- 
writing of Mr. ITolden addressed to Brownlow asking the 
hitlor to roHlrniii Mr. McRao from practise in Tcnn? I 
presume Mr. Gales will furnish him a copy. 

Memphis, Tenn. 

To L. C. Edwards.' 

Raleigh, ApL Srd 1866. 

I am in receipt of yours of the 2nd inst. and have made 
a diligent search for your letter recommending your young 
friend as a cadet for West Point. I remember making my 
favorable endorsement on it and thought I had inclosed it 
to you. I fear it has by mistake been inclosed in some 
other letter. 

I was unfortunate in my explanation as to your holding Regarding <nlUi 
the position on the Literary Board. Let me explain. 

Sec. 5 Chap. 76 Rev. Code requires all officerp elected 
or appointed to any office of trust or profit within the State 
to take an oath to support the Constitution of the United 
States. During the Confederacy this Sec. was amended 

1 Leonidos C. Edwards, of Granville, a Whig lawyer who had been 
one of the Secretaries of the Convention of 1861. He became a Re- 
pablican about this time. 

626 NottTH Cabolina Historioal Commission. 

by substituting for "United States" — "Confederate 

The Convention vacated all offices where the officer had 
taken an oath to support tlie Constitution of the Confeil- 
erate States. 

At first blush I thought the affirmation of the incumbent 
that he had not taken this oath would entitle him to hold 
his office until the contrary was proved. 

On further reflection (the point arising in many cases) 
I had doubts whether an ofliccr accepting an office after 
the law requiring him to take an oath to support the Con- 
stitution of the C. S. was not presumed to have complied 
with the requirements of the law; and if so, whether his 
affirmation could be heard to rebut this presumption. The 
Supt of Com. Schools averred that ho liad not taken the 
oath and asked me for a warrant for the payment of his 
salary to the date of the abolition of his office. I submitted 
the question in writing to the Att. Genl. who, after much 
consideration and conference with the lawyers responded 
that he could not come to a satisfactory conclusion and rec- 
ommended a proceeding to raise the question for the de- 
cision of the Supreme Court. 

Nobody would doubt the verity of your affirmation, but 
tlie question is, if the presumption of the law 1x5 that the 
incumbent of the office took the oath prescribed as a pre- 
liminary to his entering on the discharge of his duties, can 
that presumption be rebutted by the affirmation of the offi- 
cer, to the contrary. 

T meant only to say that some officers choose to avoid 
the question by resigning. 

I never doubted that your feelings toward me, personal 
and political, were entirely friendly and understood that 
you uniformly so expressed yourself in yr public speeches 
last Fall. I never entertained a doubt that your vote as 
between me and Gov. Ilolden was based on your convic- 
tion of duty, and hence the kind feeling I always enter- 


tained for you were not in any degree changed. I am glad 
that you do nic the justice to allow that 1 acted in con- 
fonnity with my convictions of duty — and not from per- 
sonal aspiration for oiBce. I believe then as I do now, 
that my election, at home and abroad gave much more gen- 
eral satisfaction than would that of my opponent. 

I hope this explanation may be entirely satisfactory to 

OxKoui), !N. 0. 

To John A. Oilmer [Jr.y 

Ealeioh, Apl. ^ 18G6. 

I tender you the appointment of Adgt. Qenl of the Mili- 
tia in this State. 

To enable you to decide whether you will accept the ap- 
pointment I inclose a copy of the Act of our last (Jenl As- 

If you accept I shall rely on your aid almost exclusively 
in the discharge of my duties as Capt. Gcnl and Com- 
mander in Chief of the militia in relation to which I 
know little. 

Please answer soon. 


To (ieiieral Ruger. 

IIaleioii, Apl. Jflh 1866. 

On the 21st ult. I had the honor to inquire of you 
whether there would be any objection on your part to my 
proceeding to organise the Militia under an Act of the last 
session of the Genl. Assembly. Having received no an- 
swer, I am proceeding to act in conformity with the pro- 
visions of the Act. 

* A son of John A. Gilmer before-mentioned. He became later a 
Judge of the Superior Court 

5*28 NoBTH Cakolixa Histobioal Commissiok. 

To Col. Charles R. Jones. 

Ealeiqii. a pi Jf/GG, 

Yours of the Slst ult. was reed to-day. 

An aet passed the last Session of the Genl Assembly for 
re-organizing the militia. It re-enacts the Chap, of the 
rev. eode entitled militia and authorises the employment 
of the ofBceis appointed in eonfonnity with the ordinance 
of the Convention, in effecting such re-organization. 

I am proceeding to execute this Act. 


To John TAvnujdoik. 

Ealeiqu Apl. J^th 1866. 
state swamplands. Yours of the 24th ult. addressed to me at Asheboro has 

been forwarded to me in this city where I now reside as 
Chief Magistrate of the State. 

My successors at Asheboro are Jackson & Robins, each 
of them a good lawyer and reliable business man. 

Under our laws each County has a County Surveyor 
who is generally well acquainted with all the lands in the 

This State owns in its most Eastern and South East- 
ern Counties some millions of acres of swamp lands, many 
of them of incredible fertility and some of them having 
large bodies of cypress and juniper and other valuable 
timber on them. They were vested some 40 years ago in 
our board of Literature, of which the Qovr. of the State, 
for the time being, is ex-officio chairman. Some of them 
were partially drained some years ago. The soil in many 
of them was analysed by our State Geologist, whose report 
has been published, representing them as not being ex- 
celled in fertility by any lands in the world. In our pros- 
perity they were neglected. The Qenl Assembly at its re- 


cent ac8«i<ni, aiitlioriseil llio Board of Litornturo to sell 
tlieiii. The proximity of these lands to the ocean makes 
tlicMii very desirable. If your land company would like to 
invest in them, the magnitude of the enterprise ^Vould war- 
rant sending a competent agent to report on them. 

New York City. 

To General Rtujer. 

Raleigh/ ApZ. -t 1866. 

On the 1 Mar. last I addressed a note to you informing 
you that Ilelsebeck's horse had been sold at private sale to 
Jno. W. Thomas of Thomasville. 

nclscbeck informs mo that Capt. Campbell and Lieut. 
Hendricks so