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Full text of "Correspondence of Charlotte Grenville, Lady Williams Wynn, and her three sons, Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, bart., Charles Williams Wynn, 1795-1832"

CORRESPONDENCE OF CHARLOTTE 
GRENVILLE, LADY WILLIAMS WYNN 




Hoppner del. 1799 
.HAHLOTTE, LADY WILLIAMS WYNN, AGED 40 (seepage 45) 



[Frontispiece 




CORRESPONDENCE OF 
CHARLOTTE GRENVILLE, 
LADY WILLIAMS WYNN 

AND HER THREE SONS 

Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., Rt. Hon. 

Charles Williams Wynn, and Sir Henry 

Williams Wynn, G.G.H., K.G.B. 

17951832 

EDITED BY RACHEL LEIGHTON 



WITH ILLUSTRATIONS 



LONDON 
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, W. 

1920 



ALL RIGHTS RBSKBVED 



PREFACE 

MOST of the letters contained in this volume have 
been selected from a very large correspondence pre- 
served by Sir Henry Williams Wynn, G.C.H., K.C.B., 
and inherited by my mother, Mrs. Stanley Leighton, 
from her father, Sir Henry's sole surviving son. 

These letters, dating from 1795 to 1856, arranged 
and catalogued by her, have been accepted by the 
Trustees of the National Library of Wales, at Aberyst- 
wyth. Among the letters, but not included in the 
correspondence before us, are two long epistles written 
to Henry Williams Wynn in 1813 by his cousin Lady 
Hester Stanhope, which have already appeared in The 
Lady of Quality, by Abraham Hayward (1864), and in 
the Duchess of Cleveland's Life of Lady Hester, besides 
which they are quoted by Mr. Frank Hamel in his Life 
of Lady Hester Stanhope (1913) ; it therefore appeared 
to be a work of supererogation to place them once again 
before the public, but in consequence of their omission, 
the story of Henry's journey through Palestine and his 
meeting with Lady Hester, lacks something of com- 
pleteness. 

Although one name only appears as Editor on the 
title-page of this book, the selection and arrangement 
of the letters is the work of my mother more than of 
myself. Her untiring industry and patience turned the 
task of transcription into a labour of love, and her 
knowledge of the history and traditions of a generation 
now passed away has made it possible to link family 
groups into a family circle. 



vi PREFACE 

Our joint thanks are offered to Sir Watkin Williams 
Wynn and to Mr. Arthur Williams Wynn for allowing 
us to include in this collection several most interesting 
letters preserved at Wynnstay and at Coed-y-Maen, 
and to Sir Watkin for permitting the reproduction of 
six of the pictures at Wynnstay. The picture of the 
Duke of Buckingham is reproduced by kind permission 
of Lady Kinloss, from the beautiful portrait, by Romney, 
at Stowe. 

A few years ago the National Library of Wales ac- 
quired a small collection of the papers and diaries of 
Miss Fanny Williams Wynn, probably used by Mr. 
Hayward when compiling his Lady of Quality, and our 
thanks are due to the Trustees for allowing us full access 
to, and use of, these MSS., which have enabled us to 
fill up many gaps. 

I owe a debt of personal gratitude to Mr. Ballinger, 
the Librarian of the National Library, for the encourage- 
ment he has given me during the preparation of this 
volume, and to him and to Lieut. -Colonel John Murray, 
D.S.O., for their invaluable assistance with the proof- 
sheets. 

RACHEL LEIGHTON. 

1 1920. 



CONTENTS 
CHAPTER I 

INTRODUCTION 

The Leading Actors Charlotte Grenville William Wyndham Gren- 
ville Sir Watkin . ^ pp. 1-16 

CHAPTER II 

17951797 

Ideas of Matrimony Charles Williams Wynn Book-collecting The 
Frogmore Gala The Eton Montem .... pp. 17-27 

CHAPTER III 

THE IRISH REBELLION, 1797 1798 

The Irish Rebellion French Fleet in Bantry Bay Vinegar Hill and 
Castlebar Lord Edward FitzGerald Sir Watkin's Gallantry The 
Second French Expedition The Irish Militia Condition of Ireland 
The Irish Parliament pp. 28-41 

CHAPTER IV 

1799 

The Wreck of the Proserpine Mr. Hoppner's Pictures London 
Gaiety Lord Thanet's Trial Lord Thanet'a Sentence Volunteer 
Reviews The Dutch Expedition ..... pp. 42-56 

CHAPTER V 

18001801 

Book-collecting Lord Claire's Speech Mr. Pitt's Resignation The 
Art of Letter-writing ...... pp. 57-66 

CHAPTER VI 

18021803 

Rouen Paris Visit to Versailles Rumoured Marriages pp. 67-76 

vii 



viii CONTENTS 

CHAPTER VII 

18041806 

Dresden An Unpleasant Incident A Party at Stowe An Execu- 
tion Action off Finisterre Outbreak of Hostilities Battle of Tra- 
falgar Battle of Austerlitz Mr. Pitt's Failing Health Lord Grenville's 
Administration Condition of Europe Prussia Anxious Times 
Lucien Bonaparte Hostilities with Prussia Death of Mr. Fox 
Renvoye Extraordinaire ...... pp. 77-106 

CHAPTER VIII 

AT HOME, 1804 1806 

At Home The King and Lord Chesterfield The King and the Prince 
of Wales Lord Melville Advice on Matrimony Mr. Fox's Funeral 

pp. 107-117 

CHAPTER IX 

1808 
The French Princes at Stowe The Visit Concluded pp. 118-123 

CHAPTER X 
1808 

Lady Williams Wynn's Stewardship Dunrobin . pp. 124-127 

CHAPTER XI 
1809 

Henry in the Peninsula Prince and Princesse de Cond<5 Portuguese 
Troops Home News Corunna Fire at St. James's Palace 

pp. 128-136 

CHAPTER XII 

18091812 

The Duke of York Burning of Drury Lane Duke of York and 
Mrs. Clarke Society Scandal Politics Social Gossip Harriet's 
Engagement Lady Hester Stanhope Henry in Palestine Lady 
Hester again Henry ill at Malta Madrid . . .pp. 137-163 

CHAPTER XIII 

18181816 

The Hon. Hester Smith Lord Carrington Peace or War Conference 
at Vienna The Young Incident Lady Anne Hamilton Lady 
Williams Wynn in Paris Lady Caroline Lamb The Congress at 
Vienna Appreciation of Sir Watkin Lady Williams Wynn at Barce- 
lonaThrough Spain News of Waterloo Marriage Gossip Lord 
Pembroke's Inheritance The Royal Wedding . .pp. 164-197 



CONTENTS ix 

CHAPTER XIV 

18171820 

Lord Stanhope Society Weddings Ebrington's Marriage Candi- 
dature for Speakership Gossip Mr. Mytton's Wedding The Devon 
Contest The Westminster Contest The Queen's Illness Young 
FitzGerald The Ladies of Llangollen Death of Sir Samuel Romilly 
Death of Queen Charlotte Lord and Lady Kilmorey Queen Char- 
lotte's Will Court Gossip The Wynnstay Party The King's Lost 
Jewels Family Brides The Cato Street Plot The Crown Jewels 
Coronation Mad Mr. Mytton of Halston Lord Buckingham and 
Dukedom Coronation Arrangements The Queen's Arrival The 
Queen's Bill The Queen's Trial The Fire at Wootton Uncle Tom's 
Hobby-horse Washington Irving Political Gossip . pp. 198-258 

CHAPTER XV 

18211823 

The Grenville Influence The Townleys Politics and Gossip The 
King to visit Ireland Sketch Book and Kenilworth Neapolitan Ban- 
ditti Kenilworth The Queen Children's Ball at Hawarden Lady 
Liverpool's Death New Peers Claims of Office Offer of the Board 
of Control Henry Minister at Berne The Duke of Bedford The 
Correspondence A Graceful Duel Death of Lord Londonderry 
Social Affairs Berne or Stuttgart Uncle Tom's Advice Home News 
The Fonthill Sale The Dukedom of Hamilton . pp. 259-303 

CHAPTER XVI 
18241826 

Aston Theatrical Gambols Brighton Gossip Lord Exeter's Marri- 
age Duel of Lord Brudenell The Drawing-room Northumberland 
House Parties The Christening at Stowe Londonderry House 
The Voyage to Alnwick George Cholmondeley's Marriage Madeley 
Manor Crewe Hall The Beau Monde Heirs of the House of Gros- 
venor Death of the Duchess of Rutland The Belvoir Affliction 
Audley End Cholmondeley Gossip Sir Walter Scott Constable's 
Failure Sir Walter Scott's Affairs A Ring-fence Match Political 
Difficulties The Grenville Library . . . .pp. 304-353 

CHAPTER XVII 

18271832 

Death of the Duke of York Bibliographical Cabinet Changes A 
Visit to Hawarden " Genteel Marriages " Small Talk The King's 
Children's Ball Sir Stephen Glynne The London Campaign Acces- 
sion of William IV Our New Monarch The Duke's Appointment A 
Villa at Richmond Talk of Coronation The Curtain Falls 

pp. 354-385 

INDEX 387-414 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

CHARLOTTE, LADY WILLIAMS WYNN, AGED 45 (see 

page 45) . . . . . Frontispiece 

FACINQ PAOB 

CHARLOTTE, LADY WILLIAMS WYNN, AGED 18 . 16 

SIR WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, 4ra BART. . . 16 

HENRY WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN .... 76 

LORD GRENVILLE 94 

CHARLES WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN . . 198 

SIR WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, 5ra BART. . . 258 

THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM 284 

THE RT. HON. THOMAS GRENVILLE . . 352 



CORRESPONDENCE OF 
CHARLOTTE GRENVILLE, 
LADY WILLIAMS WYNN, 
AND HER THREE SONS 

17951832 

CHAPTER I 
INTRODUCTION 

CORRESPONDENCE of a century ago has a fascination 
and interest dependent, not only on the light thrown 
by the writers on the every -day life of their own day, 
but also as illustrating the character, personality, and 
environment of a family circle or group of friends. 

The letters which passed between Charlotte Lady 
Williams Wynn and her family in the reigns of George III 
and George IV represent the doings of a group, not 
actually moving within the inner circle of the affairs of 
State, but well within the outer circle, each member of 
the group playing his or her part in the public and social 
life of the day. 

The leading lady in this company of players is 
CHARLOTTE GRENVILLE, LADY WILLIAMS WYNN. 

The other actors, clear-cut and vivid as they are, play 
their parts up to, not independent of, the central figure. 
Her outlook on society shows a keen interest, she has a 



2 INTRODUCTION [CHAP, i 

lively sense of humour, her powers of observation are 
quick and her sympathies alert. When her children are 
absent her pen never flags ; she keeps them abreast of 
the politics of the day, the doings of her friends and 
acquaintances, and all the affairs of the family. 

Charlotte Grenville, born in 1754, was the eldest 
daughter of the Right Honourable George Grenville 
and his wife Elizabeth Wyndham. The influences sur- 
rounding her childhood are worthy of notice, for they 
include not only the cultured and political atmosphere 
of the highest circles of English nobility, but also the 
romantic traditions inevitably hanging round adherents 
to the cause of the Royal House of Stuart. 

On her mother's side, Charlotte was the granddaughter 
of the famous Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Somerset, 
who succeeded the Duchess of Marlborough as Mistress 
of the Robes to Queen Anne. This lady began her 
married life at the age of 14, and married l her third 
husband, the sixth Duke of Somerset, in 1682, when she 
was 17. The daughter of this marriage, Catherine, 
became the wife of Sir William Wyndham, a personal 
friend of the Queen. In 1714 he joined Queen Anne's 
last Cabinet as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Tory 
interest. The advent of the Hanoverians, on the 
Queen's death in the same year, heralded the downfall 
of the Tory party, and Wyndham, already involved in 
plots for the restoration of the Stuarts, was arrested at 
his own house in Somersetshire, Orchard Wyndham, on 
the outbreak of the rebellion in 1715. He was sent 
to the Tower, where he spent some months, but was 
liberated on bail and never brought up for trial. His 
was a personality typical of his age, in touch with 

1 Lady Elizabeth Percy, only child of Joceline, llth and last Earl 
Northumberland, mar. 1st, when 14 years of age, in 1679, Henry 

T 2 ' who d ' 8 -P- 168 - In 1681 she was "contracted" to 

mas Tnynne of Longleat, but he was murdered by Count Konigs- 

tarck in February 1682. In the following May she married, aa his 

nret .wife, Charles 6th Duke of Somerset, by whom she had eight 

children. She died 1722. 



MR. GEORGE GRENVILLE 3 

the gay, the literary and artistic, the scheming and 
political circles of the Courts of Anne and George I. 

His daughter Elizabeth did not marry Mr. George 
Grenville until nine years after his death, and her 
youngest son and youngest daughter were named after 
her father and mother, William Wyndham and Catherine, 
linking up a generation of adventurous spirits with the 
more conventional figures of Georgian times. 

George Grenville by education and temperament 
appears to have possessed characteristics as divergent 
as the poles from those most conspicuous in his wife's 
forebears. He was well embarked on his political 
career at the time of his marriage, having abandoned 
the Law in 1741 and entered Parliament in accordance 
with the wishes of his maternal uncle, Viscount Cobham. 
His reputation in thirty years of political life, during 
which he attained to the highest positions possible to 
an English statesman, is well-known. History deals 
unsympathetically with the man to whose narrowness of 
outlook may be attributed the War of American Inde- 
pendence, but though he possessed hardly a single quality 
for a successful administrator, he was a man of un- 
bounded industry and highmindedness. He sprang on. 
both sides from men who for generations had spent 
their lives in public service through his father, from 
the ancient line of the Grenvilles of Wootton, and 
through his mother ] from the Temples of Stowe. 

The Grenville Papers, four volumes of unindexed 
letters, published in 1852, throw very interesting and 
suggestive lights on Charlotte's family circle. The 
marriage of Lady Hester Grenville, her father's only 
sister, to William Pitt, first Earl Chatham, took place in 
the same year as her birth, 1754. The intimacy between 
the brothers-in-law, Pitt and Grenville, was very close, 

1 Hester, eld. dau. of Sir Richard Temple of Stowe, succeeded under 
special remainder to the Viscounty and Barony of Cobham on her 
brother's death in 1749, and was created Countess Temple the same year. 



4 INTRODUCTION [CHAP, i 

although their mode of addressing each other was formal. 
In 1756, when Thomas, the loved and revered " Uncle 
Tom " of these letters, was born, Mr. Pitt writes l : 

"January 3rd, 1766. 

" MY DEAR GBENVILLB, . . . My warmest felicita- 
tions attend you and Mrs. Grenville, who I hope, is as 
well able to bear the intrusion of the very affectionate 
compliments of her friends, as Lady Hester was, at the 
same period of her progress through the straw. Another 
Grenville, that is another Englishman who will one day 
love and help to serve his Country, is a most seasonable 
recruit to the age. I heartily and joyfully welcome 
this little honest Briton into a degenerate world. ..." 

An illustration of the way offices were bestowed is 
made, when the said Thomas is not quite four years old. 
His uncle, Lord Temple, at the time Lord Privy Seal, 
writes to George Grenville ' : 

" If you think Mr. T. Grenville is of a proper age for 
the reversion of a clerkship in my Office, it may be as 
well to dispose of it before the waves run so high as to 
overwhelm it, in which case I would have you send for 
my Secretary Wilson, at the Privy Seal Office to inform 
you of precidents, which, when you let me know, I will 
act accordingly, only, if it be any favour, and not a strict 
matter of right, I cannot ask it." 

To the credit of Mr. Grenville there is no record that 
such an appointment was ever made. 

Mrs. Grenville, her daughter Charlotte, and perhaps 
Elizabeth, according to the editor of the Grenville Papers, 
often acted as the Prime Minister's amanuenses. But 
the fire at Wootton in 1820 destroyed all MSS. not previ- 
ously removed to Stowe or to the London family house 
in Bolton Street. There are, however, a few letters from 
Mrs. Grenville to her husband scattered about the 
Grenville Papers, and they give the impression of a 

1 Orenville Papers, vol. i. p. 154. Ibid. vol. i. p. 330. 



MRS. GEORGE GRENVILLE 5 

bright responsive nature, affectionate, and demonstrative 
in her use of language. S-he had nine children; the 
two eldest died in infancy, the others survived her. 

Her death in 1769 must have been a very real blow to 
the family of growing boys and girls : George, the eldest 
living son, was but 17, Charlotte 16, and the youngest, 
Catherine, only 8 years old. In the Grenville Papers we 
are able to catch a glimpse of the sorrowing household. 
Hester, now Lady Chatham, writes to her brother l : 

" HATES, December IQth, 1769. 

" We would not break in upon you my dear brother, 
in the more early part of your affliction, with the expres- 
sion of how greatly we shared in your deep distress, but 
we are desirous, now that we may be allowed, to say that 
none of your friends have felt more for you, or have had 
stronger impressions of the greatness of your loss. ..." 

A letter written by Mrs. Montague, authoress and 
essayist, to Lord Lyttelton and enclosed to Mr. Grenville 
contains the earliest direct reference to Charlotte, and 
introduces her for the first time before the footlights * : 

" HILL STBEET, December 23rd, 1769. 

" I felt unspeakable concern for the loss of Mrs. Gren- 
ville. I could never bear to think of what poor Mr. 
Grenville and the children must feel upon such a separa- 
tion. Nature, birth, and everything seem to conspire 
to make her the first woman of this Country, and as 
added to that, she was the best too, when can regret 
and sorrow cease to weep ? . . . I am rejoiced to hear 
Miss Stapleton 1 will show her friendship to her lost friend, 
not by unavailing tears merely, but by a tender care of 
the children. Miss Stapleton' s character makes one 
rejoice in this, it will take off a great deal of anxiety 
from Mr. Grenville, and though it cannot ease his 
sorrow, will soften it. Miss Grenville promises to re- 

1 Grenville Papers, vol. iv. p. 496-7. 
1 Ibid. vol. iv. p. 496-7. 

3 Catherine, 2nd dau. of Jamea Russell Stapleton and his wife 
Penelope, dau. and co-h. of Sir John Conwy, Bart., of Bodrhyddan. 



INTRODUCTION [CHAP, l 

semblc her mother, may she have a longer life. I 
wish she would early accustom herself to taking Rhubarb, 
if she has any disorder in her stomach, it is the best 
antidote to her mother's complaint." 

In November 1770 George Grenville died, only sur- 
viving his wife eleven months. One year later, on 
December 21st, Charlotte Grenville married, as his 
second wife, 

SIR WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, 4ra BARONET. 

He had been a widower rather more than two years ; his 
first wife, Lady Henrietta Somerset, daughter of the 
fourth Duke of Beaufort, died a few months after her 
marriage. 

As an infant of barely six months old he had succeeded 
his father the " Great Sir Watkin," who was killed by 
a fall from his horse on returning from hunting in 1749. 
This Sir Watkin was a warm supporter of Prince Charles 
Edward in 1745, when, only by reason of the miscarriage 
or the tardy delivery of messages, he had failed to join 
the Pretender's forces prior to the retreat from Derby. 
A tradition current in the family tells that Lady Williams 
Wynn (Anne Vaughan) was at Llwydiarth in Mont- 
gomeryshire when the news reached her, and she at once 
rode off to Wynnstay in hot haste, and burnt all docu- 
ments which might incriminate her husband. What 
truth there is in this story it is impossible to say, but 
no papers of any kind whatever relating to the ill-fated 
Jacobite Rising are to be found at Wynnstay. Whether, 
if they ever existed, they were destroyed by design, or 
perished in the fire of 1858, when the house and the 
greater part of its contents were burnt, is unknown. 

There was but five years' difference between the ages 
of Charlotte and her husband. She came from one 
stately home to another, from a wide circle of public 
affairs, to hold a position of importance in the midst of 
a local world ; for though Sir Watkin was in Parliament, 



SIR WATKIN 7 

his influence, politically, lay amongst his own people ; 
he was a grand seigneur, neither a courtier nor a states- 
man. He was a cultured gentleman, a patron of the 
arts, with many friends, amongst whom may be 
counted Sir Joshua Reynolds, who painted several 
pictures for Wynnstay, one of Sir Watkin and his first 
wife Lady Henrietta in fancy dress, one of Sir Watkin 
and his mother, Frances Shakerley, one of Charlotte and 
three of her children, and one of Charlotte's eldest son, 
afterwards the fifth Sir Watkin, as the Infant St. John. 
Sir Watkin (the fourth) was a member of the Dilettante 
Society, and his portrait is amongst those in Reynolds' s 
famous group of the members. This portrait was copied 
by Sir Joshua for Charlotte after her husband's death, 
and the permission to have the copy made, the sum 
to be paid for it (35), and the conditions under which 
the painter was to proceed, are recorded in the Annals 
of the Society published by Mr. Lionel Cust and Sir 
Sidney Colvin in the History of the Dilettante Society. 

After eighteen years of married life, at the age of 35, 
with three sons and three daughters, Charlotte became 
a widow. Her eldest son was 17, her youngest, Henry, 
7. Two younger children had died in infancy. 

In the meantime her brothers and sisters at Wootton 
had grown up under the guardianship of their uncle, 
Richard, Earl Temple, and were taking their places in 
the world of society and politics. 

GEORGE, 

one year older than Charlotte, married in 1775 Mary, 
the only daughter and heir of Earl Nugent. He suc- 
ceeded to the Earldom of Temple on his uncle's death 
in 1779, and in the following year assumed the arms 
and name of Nugent on the death of his father-in-law. 
In 1782 he was made Viceroy of Ireland, resigning in 
1784. In 1787 he was created Marquis of Buckingham 
and reappointed to the viceroyalty, which office he held 
2 



8 INTRODUCTION [CHAP, l 

for about a year. He died at the age of 60, in 1813, 
leaving two sons, Richard, who in 1822 became first 
Duke of Buckingham, and George, who succeeded at his 
mother's death in 1812 to the Barony of Nugent. In 

THOMAS, 

the second brother, the Wyndham strain was perhaps 
more clearly marked than in the other members of the 
family. He was Charlotte's favourite brother, and 
" Uncle Tom " became the counsellor and confidant of 
the whole party at Wynnstay. He entered Parliament 
as a follower of Mr. Fox in 1779, and was employed on 
short missions abroad ; in 1798 he was sworn a member 
of the Privy Council, but his powers were social rather 
than political, and his tastes those of a scholar than 
of a statesman. The famous Lady Bessborough, 1 in a 
letter to Lord Granville Leveson Gower, hints of his 
universal popularity. In 1799 he narrowly escaped from 
drowning on his way to Berlin in charge of a mission, 
accompanied by Henry, Charlotte's youngest son, and 
Lady Bessborough writes as follows of this event 1 : 

" Grenville is safe, thank God. The general anxiety 
about him, and joy for his safety must be very flattering 
to him if he ever knows it. It was the highest of all 
honours, the homage paid to worth, for had either of 
his Brothers been in the same situation, neither their 
titles, their riches, or their places, would have gained 
them half the interest that was shown for him." 

Thomas Grenville' s public life practically closed in 
1807, though he did not retire from Parliament until 
1818. He held the sinecure office (carrying with it a 
salary of 2,000 a year) of Chief Justice in Eyre, and 
in his brother's Cabinet (1806-7) he was made succes- 
sively President of the Board of Control and First Lord 

1 Lady Bessborough and Lord Granville Leveson-Gower's Private 
Correspondence, pub. 1916. 



THOMAS AND WILLIAM GRENVILLE 9 

of the Admiralty. Two great social reforms were dear 
to his heart : the abolition of the slave trade, which he 
saw accomplished in 1806-7 during his own term of office, 
and the emancipation of the Roman Catholics, the rock 
on which the Grenville Ministry was wrecked, but 
which was successfully carried through Parliament, by 
the Duke of Wellington and Robert Peel, twenty-one 
years later. 

" Uncle Tom's hobby-horse " mentioned in the letters, 
his collection of books, an occupation and interest 
begun early in life, culminated in the bequest to the 
nation of a library of over 20,000 rare editions at his 
death in 1846. Most of the volumes in the Grenville 
library, now in the British Museum, contain a slip of 
paper on which he has written some indication or note 
of the history of their acquisition. 

He outlived all his brothers and sisters, but in his 
old age he reaped, in the affection and regard of his 
sister's children, what in earlier days he had sown by his 
unfailing sympathy and kindliness. " Uncle Tom" was 
always a name to conjure with amongst the numerous 
nephews and nieces and great-nephews and great- 
nieces, and the tradition of his gracious and intellectual 
personality has descended even to the third generation 
now living in the twentieth century. 

WILLIAM WYNDHAM GEENVILLE, 

Charlotte's youngest brother, was born in 1759. He 
entered Parliament for Buckingham in 1782, and was 
at once given office as Chief Secretary for Ireland, when 
his eldest brother, Lord Temple, became Viceroy. At 
the age of 84 he was successively made Home Secretary 
and Speaker of the House of Commons ; in 1790 he was 
raised to the Peerage, and led the House of Lords under 
his cousin the younger Pitt. The rich sinecure of 
Auditor of the Exchequer rewarded his labours in 1795. 
On the death of Mr. Pitt (1806) Lord Grenville became 



10 INTRODUCTION [CHAP, i 

Prime Minister and formed a Coalition Government 
known as the Ministry of All the Talents, with Erskine 
as Lord Chancellor and Fox as Foreign Secretary. But 
Fox was in a critical state of health, though he succeeded 
in carrying through the House of Commons important 
measures bearing on the slave traffic in the British 
Colonies. He died in the September of this year, 
and the Cabinet was in consequence greatly weakened. 
Lord Grenville had placed himself in a position of 
personal unpopularity by passing through Parliament 
an Act enabling him to hold the sinecure already men- 
tioned, together with the Premiership. His adminis- 
tration lasted only thirteen months, after which he took 
no very leading part in the affairs of State, but Auditor 
of the Exchequer he remained, until his death in 1839. 

His wife, the Honourable Anne Pitt, who succeeded 
to the Dropmore and Boconnoc estates on the death of 
her brother Lord Camelford in a duel in 1804, survived 
him, and these properties passed on her death to the 
Honourable George Fortescue, second son of Lord 
Grenville' s third sister, Hester. 

These three Grenville brothers are summed up by 
Lord Rosebery in his Life of Lord Chatham in an 
interesting, albeit unflattering light. He says that : 

" Cobbett reckoned from returns furnished to the 
House of Commons that Lord Buckingham and his 
brother Thomas, the sons of George Grenville, had in 
half a century drawn 700,000 of public money, and 
William, another brother, something like 200 ,000 more. 
These figures are open to dispute, but they indicate at 
least that the revenues from public money of this family 
of sinecurists must have been enormous. Of English 
families the Grenvilles were in this particular line easily 
the first. Had all sinecurists, it may be said, in passing, 
spent their money like the younger, Thomas, who 
returned far more than he received by bequeathing his 
matchless library to the nation, the public conscience 
would have been much more tender towards them." 



CATHERINE AND HESTER GRENVILLE 11 

Of Charlotte's three sisters and their children the 
first to marry after herself was Catherine, the youngest, 
who in 1780 became the wife of Mr. George Neville. She 
had ten children in quick succession, starting with 
twins who died within twenty -four hours of their birth. 
Mary, her second daughter, born in 1786, married Sir 
Stephen Glynne, and became the mother of Stephen the 
last baronet, and of Catherine, afterwards the wife of the 
Right Honourable W. E. Gladstone. Mrs. Neville died 
in 1796, the year before her husband succeeded to the 
barony of Braybrooke, on the death of his kinsman, the 
fourth Lord Howard de Walden. 

The three Neville sons to reach man's estate, Richard, 
Henry, and George, were very intimate cousins and 
companions to Charlotte's younger children. Richard 
and her youngest son Henry were born within a few 
months of each other, and as schoolboys, the one at 
Harrow and the other at Eton, kept up a regular cor- 
respondence. Both had literary tastes, and were very 
keen collectors of books, discussing with each other 
the special editions and prices, and sharing the joys of 
the new acquisition of some coveted volume. Richard's 
taste in literature developed, and he earned a reputation 
for himself as the first editor of Pepys' Diaries. 

The youngest Neville daughter, Caroline, married 
Beilby Lawley Thompson, who in 1839 became first 
Baron Wenlock. 

HESTER GRENVILLE, 

born in 1760, married Hugh, third Baron Fortescue, 
raised in 1789 to the Earldom. Her eldest son, Hugh, 
known in this Correspondence by his courtesy title of 
Ebrington, was the same age as his cousins Richard 
Neville and Henry Williams Wynn, and shared their 
tastes and interests. The friendship between the three 
was very intimate, as the letters to Henry from both 
of them as boys and young men testify. 



12 INTRODUCTION [CHAP, i 

George, the second son, was chosen, as already indi- 
cated, by his uncle and aunt, Lord and Lady Grenville, 
to be their heir. John, the third son, entered Holy 
Orders. Of the six daughters, five married, but these 
ladies hardly appear at all in the Correspondence. 

ELIZABETH 

was the last of Mr. George Grenville' s daughters to 
marry. She became Lady Carysfort in 1787, and her 
husband was advanced a step in the Peerage in 1789, 
in like manner as his brother-in-law, Fortescue. He 
was a widower with five children ; by his second marriage 
he had one son, who died an infant, and three daughters. 
Another actor emerges during one period in this 
Correspondence, 

LADY HESTER STANHOPE. 

She was the granddaughter of Hester, Lady Chatham, 
Mr. George Grenville' s sister, whose only daughter 
Hester had married in 1774 Charles, third Earl Stanhope. 
Henry's letters to his mother during his travels in the 
East in 1811-12 give a good description of the strange, 
eccentric lady. 

This, then, is the family circle in which Charlotte, 
Lady Williams Wynn moved, when as a young widow 
she was called upon to administer the great Welsh 
estates during the three years' minority of her eldest 
son. Under her husband's will, made within twelve 
months of his death, she had the entire control of every- 
thing while his children were minors. The will is a 
long one, no child is mentioned by name, one name and 
one name only is inscribed in this document other than 
that of the testator and his witnesses : " My dear wife, 
Charlotte." His trust and confidence in her powers 
and in her judgment must have been boundless, for he 
appointed no co-trustee, no co-executor, no other 
guardian for his children. Charlotte was the sole 
administrator. 



WATKIN AND FANNY 13 

WATKIN, 

the eldest, attained his majority in 1793. 

Domestic affairs in England and foreign affairs on the 
Continent were in a ferment of unrest during the last 
decade of the eighteenth century and well on into the 
nineteenth. Sir Watkin as a young county gentleman 
did not shirk the responsibility of his position ; he entered 
into, and took his part in, the public life of the princi- 
pality. He raised the regiment of the Ancient British 
Light Dragoons, which was prepared for service in 
France and saw service both there and in Ireland. He 
went into Parliament as member for Denbighshire, and 
he exercised very considerable local influence. He 
entered less into politics than either of his brothers, for 
his interests did not lie in statecraft, in spite of the great 
positions held by his mother's relations in political 
circles. 

In the immediate family at Wynnstay his position as 
head is always recognised ; he stands rather aloof from 
the chaff of the brothers and sisters, especially of the 
sisters, even Fanny, nearest him in age, treats him with 
deference. With Charles, his next brother, he was on 
terms of greater intimacy, and in later years he cor- 
responded regularly with Henry; but the rights of 
" primogeniture " are characteristically marked. When- 
ever Lady Williams Wynn in her letters to any of her 
children writes of " your Brother," she always refers 
to Sir Watkin. 

Sir Watkin married in 1817 Lady Harriet Clive, eldest 
daughter of the first Earl of Powis. He had three 
children, Watkin, Herbert, and Harriet, afterwards 
Lady Williams. 

FANNY, 

Charlotte's eldest daughter, was born in 1773. She 
never married. She was a woman with much social 
talent and of great enterprise. She was exceedingly fond 



16 INTRODUCTION [CHAP. I 

Conwy, and died without issue in 1869, having succeeded 
to the Bodrhyddan property after the death of his 
grandfather Dean Shipley, and Charlotte, who in 1835 
married the Hon. Richard Rowley. She succeeded to 
the property on her brother's death, and died two years 
afterwards, when it passed to her only son, who assumed 
the additional name of Conwy. 

HENRIETTA, 

the youngest daughter, born in 1780, married Thomas 
Cholmondeley of Vale Royal, in 1810. He became 
first Baron Delamere in 1821. She had four sons and 
one daughter. She was a very clever artist in pen-and- 
ink and pencil sketches, and as a letter-writer she rivals 
her mother in her graphic and terse descriptions, her 
sense of humour, and her shrewd judgments. 
The last member of the family, the youngest, 

HENRY, 

was seven years old at the time of his father's death. 
The other two sons, of 17 and 15, were within sight of 
manhood ; Henry was little more than a baby. With him, 
his mother's influence was paramount, and her affection 
and solicitude towards him when he first goes to a 
tutor at Chiswick, and afterwards to Harrow, are full of 
tenderness ; but she is critical, and her standard for con- 
duct and school work is high, she expects much, and she 
is not satisfied with indifferent results. There are 
moments when, as a little boy of eleven years old, she is 
in despair over his spelling and his careless handwriting. 
Sometimes she writes to him in French and requires an 
answer in the same language, so that she may judge for 
herself what progress he is making. 

After the schooldays are over, instead of going to 
the University, Henry serves his apprenticeship in 
diplomacy to " Uncle Tom." 







w * 
ft fc 

W H 

* 

OT 

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hH 
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|2i 




CHAPTER II 

17951797 

THE Correspondence opens when Sir Watkin Williams 
Wynn is 23 years of age, Charles 20, and Henry 12. 

From Lady Williams Wynn to Henry W. W. W. at School 
at Chiswick 

1795. 

" I have nothing but praise and commendation to 
send my dear boy. You have fulfilled my wishes in 
letting me hear as soon as possible of your arrival, and 
have sent me two very good letters in every respect. I 
must also flatter you upon the stout and manly firmness 
with which you left in, and upon your having been wise 
enough to wait quietly at the Dumb-bell, for a Coach, 
rather than to return home to have the pain of a second 
parting. 

" Your brother, Watkin, has been running a horse 
at the Holywell Races, and notwithstanding that the 
bets were 5 to 1 against him, he took in all the Blacklegs, 
and came in triumphant, which so delighted all the 
good Taffies, that they were afraid their shouts of 
' Watkin for ever ' would have frightened the horse out 
of the Course, just as he reached the Winning Post." 

The Same 

" July 1795. 

*' Your last letter, my dearest, was dated on ye 28th 
June & not put into ye Penny-post till four days after 
& to compleat the carelessness, it announces, an enclosed 
Theme of which not a trace appears. Indeed my dear 
Boy you are much too scatter brained for your age. It 
gives an appearance of childishness as well as of in- 

17 



18 HOME NEWS [CHAP, n 

attention to all that you do, & I am vexed that with 
the frequent admonitions which I give you on the subject 
you do not take care that your letters should bespeak 
the wish to profit by them. . . . Adieu my ever dearest." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" TAPLOW, June 12th [1796 ?]. 

" I cannot let the post return without thanking my 
dearest Boy for the good news which his letter of this 
morning brought me. The quality of its contents made 
up for what it wanted in quantity & leaves me only to 
wish for my own sake as well as my dearest Henry's 
that he may continue to gain every day fresh credit 
& fresh laurels as he is now doing. I shall grow quite 
fond of Greek (N.B. without understanding one word) 
only because it gives you an opportunity of distin- 
guishing yourself. As to Mr. Gibbon's publication I 
leave my purse entirely to your discretion, trusting you 
will use it like your own neither lavishly nor stingily, 
. . . We went last night to see the remains of poor 
Cliff den. 1 . . . The last chimney fell down two days 
ago & now nothing remains but the arched brick Terrace 
from which the steps spring. They tell me that the 
term for which it had been insured expired only last 
year & had unfortunately been neglected to be renewed 
so that not a sixpence of the loss can be recovered. A 
house is, I believe, never so likely to be burnt down as 
the moment when the insurance expires. Ly. Orkney * 
continues to inhabit the wings, which are very little 
injured. We have some thoughts of going to drink 
tea at Mrs. Fryer's on Sunday & of walking from thence 
to look at the ruins. ' Sic transit gloria mundi.' . . . 

" The great news of B. B. s was that Dick * was to get 
his Remove this week, so that you see you exactly keep 
pace. . . . 

" Adieu, my dear Boy, I would not wait for a Frank 

1 Cliefden, Lady Orkney's house on the Thames. 

1 Mary, Countess of Orkney in her own right; mar. 1777, Hon. 
Thomas FitzMaurice, of Llewenny Hall, Denbighshire, 2nd B. of John, 
E. of Shelburne. She died 1831, and was succeeded by her grandson. 

3 Hillingbeare. 

* Richard Neville (at Eton), 



1795] MATRIMONIAL PROJECTS 19 

to tell you how much pleasure your promotion has 
given me." 

Lady Williams Wynn began early to direct her second 
son's mind towards matrimony. Though not yet 20, she 
urged him to lay his heart at the feet of Miss Elizabeth 
Acland, a lady of considerable fortune ; but his courage, 
not being backed by his affections, failed him, and he 
left the field to his rival, Lord Porchester. 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" Saturday [1795]. 

" I am very vexed my dear Charles at the disappoint- 
ment which you probably felt from not hearing from 
me yesterday which was owing simply to the circum- 
stance of my not having received your franked Letter 
till this morning. I conclude that the post does not go 
from Tunbridge Wells every day as your date of the 
frank was the ninth and the Postmark the llth. Your 
Uncle 1 & I have been swearing at you for the last half 
hour with all our might & main & agreeing that the 
valour of a mouse is much too flattering a Comparison 
to apply to yours. The idea of quitting the field is cer- 
tainly the most absurd possible. Were you at a hundred 
miles distance & heard of Lord P.'s ' arrival your business 
would have been to have set forth to meet him & have 
put your friend's regard to the obvious test of shewing 
to which of you she really did feel preference, but to 
give it all up to his Lordship the very moment he pre- 
sents himself is really a degree of childish weakness that 
I could not have believed you capable of. If Lord P. 
had a mind to try his chance nothing could be so good for 
you as his doing it just when you were on the spot & had, 
you thought, gained some ground. I am very much 
surprised at the answer which you gave to the message 
about your going away after our having so repeatedly 
tried to BEAT into you, that all you had to say to such a 

1 Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville. 

1 Lord Porchester, afterwards 2nd E. of Carnarvon; born 1772 ; 
mar. April 25th, 1796, Elizabeth, dau. of Col. John Dyke Acland 
and Lady Harriet. He died 1833. 



20 MISS ACLAND [CHAP, n 

proposal was that your staying or going could effect 
none but yourself, as to your behaviour it must, & would 
be regulated by Miss A., 1 but my dearest if it is possible 
that you can really let her scold you for preventing Lord 
Porchester proposing, & instead of shewing a manly 
resentment of a thing so injurious, can only go up to 
your room to cry, I really cannot wonder at her thinking 
you unworthy of her. Depend upon it (whatever she 
may say) that by such a Conduct you are deposing 
yourself in her estimation. At all events I insist on you 
staying on, make the very best you can of such oppor- 
tunities as you can find, above all endeavour to shew to 
Lord P. the partiality which you think she has for you, 
& if under the circumstances she chooses to throw herself 
at his head, it is very sure that you have nothing to 
regret. As to Lady Ht.'s ' wish of your going, I hold it 
to be of so very little consequence that it is not worth 
combating, & as to anything which Miss A. may say to 
you on the subject, if it is at the instigation of her Mother, 
she cannot but be pleased at your persevereing in 
resisting it & if it is from herself & said only to get you 
out of Lord Porchester' s way, she can, on that score 
have little Claim to your obedience. Stay where you 
are, push yourself foreward when you can, & where you 
cannot, let her be sure at least that you see & know 
exactly how she is behaving to your rival. 

" To be sure your weakness & helplessness does exceed 
all imagination, & appears to me, to extend full as much 
to the suffering yourself to be the Tool & Dupe of Lord 
Porchester, as of Miss A. Do tell me why upon Earth, 
he is to make you dine with him every day if you do not 
chuse it ? & why he is to have the triumph of keeping 
you in a leading string to secure your never being able 
to avail yourself of a moment when he is off the ground ? 
Your Uncle says that he will do more with the Toe of 
his lame leg than you with all the faculties of your mind 
& body united. It is quite impossible to direct you 

1 Miss Acland. Elizabeth, dau. of Col. John Dyke Acland. She 
died 1813. 

' Lady Harriet Acland, dau. 1st E. of Ilchester ; mar. 1750, John 
Dyke, eld. s. of Sir Thos. Acland, 7th Bart. (He predeceased his 
father in 1778.) 



1795] BIRTHDAY LETTERS 21 

how to avoid such sort of common Embarassments, 
but really if you are such a Ninny as to suffer yourself 
to be trampled on by him as well as by her, I am sure 
I do not wonder at her treating you as she does. I can 
only repeat that you must stay, unless you mean entirely 
to give the thing up, you have now an opportunity of 
fairly seeing what the extent of Miss A's regard is, & if 
you run away you furnish her with a very sufficient 
excuse for taking another." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" LONDON, July 15th, 1795. 

" With all the allowance my dear Charles which 1 
can make & do make for the present state of your mind 
I cannot help feeling a good deal surprised at your taking 
no notice whatever of a long letter which day by day 
(under no common degree of unhappiness & anxiety) 
I have written to you & of the very little impression 
which all my advice appears to make on you. My 
opinion is more & more decided against your stirring. 
You was wrong in writing to her 1 as it appeared like an 
opening on your part from whence it should not come, 
but the more constantly you can rouse her feelings for 
you by meeting her, depend on it, the better it will be. 
I shall say no more & ought not I am sure to have said 
as much but am always, your most truly affect." 

Charles Williams Wynn never failed to write to his 
mother a " birthday letter " on the eve of the anni- 
versary of his birth. Most of these letters she preserved 
carefully, while on his side he cherished the letters 
written by her, to congratulate him on entering another 
year of his strenuous and not otherwise than successful 
life. Very few of these letters are of general interest, 
but they show how, of all her children, Charles was the 
one to whom she turned more readily than to any of the 
others. Mother and son were on very intimate terms : 
she can chide him over his laggard wooings, she can 

1 Miss Acland. 



22 HENRY GOES TO HARROW [CHAP, n 

advise him over his expenses, she is ready to assist him 
in the financial embarrassments in which he from time 
to time found himself. She knows and enters into his 
political ambitions and rejoices in his appointments ; a 
keen politician herself, she finds in him a responsive pupil. 
Watkin displayed neither interest nor ability in the field 
of politics military ardour, in these early days, con- 
sumed his activities. Henry is very young, but already 
developing a strong desire for foreign travel, and a 
determination not to be tied too closely to the family 
apron-strings. 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother 
(written on his 2Qth birthday) 

" October $th [1795]. 

" MY DEAR MOTHER, I wish more than ever on this 
day to tell you how much I feel all the very, very par- 
ticular kindness which you have throughout this year 
shewn me but when I look back I feel so much ashamed 
of the little return which I have made in things which 
it certainly was in my power, that I do not know what 
to say ; do not however think that I am unsensible to 
what you have done for me, but rather look forward to 
the future when I hope you will find amends for the past. 
I cannot but think of the contrast which I experience 
between this & my last birthday, I was then pleased 
with myself & felt everything within my reach. I 
now can no longer look back with satisfaction & I find 
every hope every wish that I had formed for the future 
disappointed. 

" I am your dut. & affec. 

" C. W. W. W." 

About 1796-7 Henry was sent to Harrow, and the few 
letters preserved from his cousins Richard Neville (after- 
wards 3rd Lord Braybrooke) and Hugh Lord Ebrington 
give the boys' view of book collecting, and also an 
account of the famous Frogmore gala of 1797 and the 
Eton Montem of the following year. 



1797] BOOK-COLLECTING 23 

From Richard Neville (age 13-14, afterwards 3rd Baron 
Braybrooke, and 1st Editor of Pepys* Diary] to 
Henry W. W. W. 

" STOWE, Friday, 1796. 

" I have a great many books given me lately, Ld. 
Howard 1 sent me a very fine set of Harding' s Plates to 
Johnson, & Steven's Shakespeare, Mr. Gretton gave me 
a nice Baskerville's Milton, Uncle Buckingham ! gave a 
very curious book called Breydenbach's Peregrination, 
it was printed in 1486 & was the first book of voyages 
ever printed. Ld Temple 3 gave me Gibbon's Roman 
Empire 12 volumes octavo, Clarendon's History of the 
Rebellion & Lucretius & Catullus, & Virgil printed by 
Baskerville. Uncle Grenville 4 also gave me a Moliere 
6 vols. quarto. I was sorry you had left Stowe before 
we came here, there has been a great deal of company 
here amongst the rest a Mr. Pigot who is an idiot, & 
thinks he spouts Shakespeare very well & although 
everybody laughs at him he seems ignorant that he is 
the cause & joins in the joke." 

The Same 

" ETON, Sunday [1797 ?]. 

" I have got all my books here & am going to have 
a new bookcase not having half room. The Mr. Gretton 
who gave me Milton is Ld. Howard's chaplain whom I 
saw at Audley End. Are all your books at Harrow ? 
I forgot to ask to see your bookcase when I was at 
Taplow." 1 

1 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Ld. Howard do Walden, created 
1st Baron Braybrooke in 1788, with special remainder, in default of 
male issue, to Richard Aldwater Neville of Billingbeare. He died 
May 25th, 1797. 

* 1st Marq. of Buckingham, George, e. of Rt. Hon. George Gren- 
ville of Wootton. He was born 1753 ; mar. 1778, Mary, dau. of 
Earl Nugent. He was created a Marq. 1784 on obtaining office as 
Lord Lieut, of Ireland. He died 1813. 

8 Ld. Temple, Richard, B. of Hester, Countess of Temple, and George 
Grenville of Wootton. Succeeded his mother. He is great-uncle to 
the writer of the letter. 

* Ld. Grenville, William Wyndham, 3rds. of Rt. Hon. George Gren- 
ville of Wootton ; born 1759 ; mar. 1792, Hon. Anne Pitt, dau. of 1st 
Ld. Camelford. He d.s.p. 1834. 

8 Lady Williams Wynn's summer residence at this time. 



24 THE FROGMORE GALA [CHAP, n 

From Ld. Ebrington (age 14) to Henry W. W. W. 

" ETON, June 4th, 1797. 

" I suppose you heard of the Gala at Frogmore on 
Tuesday 23rd of last month to which all the fifth, sixth, 
and noblemen's sons were invited. The garden gates 
were opened at a little past four at which time all the 
blackguards in Eton & Windsor in Sunday apparel went 
to see the Diversions of the place. Imp : Mrs. Mattocks 
made a very elegant address to His Majesty & the 
company in general, praising the Gardens, at which old 
Rex looked very much diverted, we then adjourned, 
(Princess Elizabeth * leading the Battalion) to another 
part of the Garden where Mr. Jones' men performed 
very good feats of horsemanship which were the only 
things worth seeing of the whole. Rees's Imitations 
then followed & some mincing by Delpine & Jollett 
which was interrupted by a melancholy accident. J. 
was to fire a gun at D., which he did with so good an aim 
that he wounded his face in a very shocking manner 
which of course put an end to it 1 so much for the 
acting ! ! the sports of the evenings concluded with a 
body of the sooty tribe who came, they say, by order of 
the Prince of Wales, l but were unluckily not permitted 
to run, each man was to have, according to custom, 
rode his neighbour's ass. The fete upon the whole 
went off better than the former, though bad was the 
best. I went to Dropmore this day se' night so was 
not here when the Prince of Wirtenberg * made his 
visit. 

*' You must by this time have heard that my Uncle 
Neville has taken the title of Braybrooke upon Ld. 
Howard's death, Dick is now the Hon. Mr. Neville, he 
desires his kind love & will write soon. 

" I remain yours 

" EBRINGTON." 

1 Elizabeth, 3rd dau. of George III; b. 1770; mar. 1818, His 
Serene Highness Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Hamburg. She died 
1840. 

1 Afterwards Prince Regent and George IV. 

8 Frederick, King of Wiirtenberg, mar. May 18th, 1797, Charlotte, 
Princess Royal, eldest dau. of George Til. 



1798] THE ETON MONTEM 25 

From the Hon. Richard Neville to Henry W. W. W. 

" ETON, July 8th [1798 ?]. 

" I stayed at Billingbear the first fortnight of the 
Easter holidays, and passed my time very pleasantly 
in hunting & snipe shooting, which latter amusement 
considering the lateness of the season afforded me toler- 
able diversion, after this I went with my father to 
London. When I came back to this place, the whole 
school was engrossed with thoughts of the approaching 
Montem & the common lounge was going up Windsor 
in quest of a sword, sash, gorget, black stock, cane, or 
cocked hat, which with a red coat, white waistcoat & 
breeches, buckles & white gloves formed the dress of an 
officer (properly styled a * corporal ') which genteel band 
I had the honour of leading being Captain of the fifth 
form Oppidans. On the Sunday previous to Whit- 
Tuesday which is the appointed day, my father called 
here for me and I went with him to Billingbear from 
which place we returned very early on the Montem 
morning. I immediately dressed and was, you may 
imagine a conspicuous buck having my red coat turned 
up with black facings exactly like an uniform (epaulettes 
excepted). About eleven all the boys were assembled 
in the school yard, and notwithstanding the badness of 
the day which was very windy & threatened rain, I never 
saw a greater concourse of people drawn together ; 
about half past eleven absence began, and it was with 
the greatest difficulty we could get to the place to hear 
our names called, owing to the pressing of the crowd, 
curious to see the ceremony. After walking three times 
round the school yard in tolerable order, the procession 
moved towards the playing fields & the Ensign (who was 
4th Colleger in the sixth form) flourished the flag before 
their Majesties, who, as well as all the Royal Family 
were present. I had been rather tired of the fun but 
began to wish myself anywhere else, when a hard rain 
came on, attended with high wind as we were going 
through the playing fields, which continued all the way 
to Salt Hill ; in an instant all order vanished, confusion 
became general, many of the boys deserting & going 
back to college, others borrowed or got their own great- 



26 THE ETON MONTEM [CHAP, n 

coats which were carried by men appointed for that 
purpose. I luckily got mine but was wet in the feet. 
Then in an irregular order the march continued till we 
got to the Montem Hill, where instead of passing round 
the Royal carriages (according to custom) every one 
betook himself to the inn running as fast as possible 
to get out of the rain and to secure a place at dinner in 
which I succeeded, but got the worst eatables as well as 
drinkables I ever tasted insomuch that I chose to go 
without in preference to being made sick by partaking 
of such insufferable commodities. About four, the 
procession returned, but tho' in good order did not consist 
of two hundred boys, so many having left, or not chusing 
to go round by the road when there was a shorter way 
by the fields. In the evening I went on the terrace which 
was very much crowded, particularly by boys who came 
on in their accoutrements. The two Subalterns & twelve 
runners had very neat dresses & performed their several 
functions of stopping all passengers & obliging them to 
contribute, in a very good style & about 884 was 
collected for the Captain whose name was Ford. Thus 
have I given you a long account of our triennial exhibi- 
tion, and I shall conclude it by saying that I never wish 
to be a performer in another." 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother 
(on his 22nd birthday) 

" CAEBYNWCH, October Qth, 1797. 

" MY DEAR MOTHER, When I wrote to you on this day 
two years ago I felt, I hope as warmly as I ought to do, 
the very particular kindness which I had then just ex- 
perienced from you in advising, soothing & comforting 
me in (what perhaps I must call) my follies. When I 
say Particular, I hope that you know I do not mean to 
distinguish it from the rest of your conduct towards 
me since this day 22 years ago, but from that which 
would have been the conduct of other ordinary Mothers 
in similar circumstances. Let me now assure you 
that since that time my gratitude would not have been 
blunted even if it had no fresh claims to repeat it. I 
never have been able to tell you since that time how real 



1797] A BIRTHDAY LETTER 27 

a sense I have of that constant unremitting & indefatig- 
able goodness with which you have entered into every 
plan, every project & every wish I have formed. I 
cannot say that every day as I become older my con- 
fidence in you & your advice is increased (as I trust you 
know that that is impossible), but I can tell you that I 
every day find more reason to prefer your advice & your 
opinion to any other whatever. When I think of all 
the advantages which I know that I have experienced 
to a degree very seldom if ever enjoyed by others, I feel 
that in you Providence has compensated me for the 
very heavy & apparent irreparable loss sustained 
so early. Do not think when you read this that the 
remembrance of my Father is at all weakened in my 
mind, but recollect how superior your care & kindness 
has been to what others would have shewn. Remember 
how you have sacrificed your quiet, your comfort, & 
your peace to everything which could conduce to our 
wellbeing, even to our pleasure. Do not think by 
never saying this to you till now I have never felt it 
before or that I have ever omitted to return thanks to 
that God who has spared you to us. To you under 
Him we owe every blessing. ..." 



CHAPTER III 

THE IRISH REBELLION 

17971798 

DURING the long administration of Mr. Pitt, from 1783, 
when he was twenty-five years old, until his resignation 
in 1801, the official conscience with regard to Ireland 
was gradually developing towards the view that sooner 
or later a Union of the two Legislatures must be 
effected. Pitt worked, regardless of opposition from 
his own party, in the direction of the broad lines of 
Catholic emancipation and a union of interests, as 
well as forms, of Government. But the Irish pre- 
sented no form of union in themselves. The country 
was not divided into two parties, but into many ; the 
interests of Catholics and Protestants, of landlords 
and tenants, were intersected by countless provincial, 
religious, family, and local feuds. Each small section 
acted independently, and counter to the section of 
the community nearest itself, each elected its own 
leader, and each claimed to represent the views 
of Ireland. In 1793 the English Government had 
declared war with France. This policy 'was sufficient 
excuse to draw the Irish parties rather closer together, 
in order that they might endeavour to enter into secret 
and treasonable communications with the French Re- 
publican Government. The Catholics and the " United 
Irish Party" made common cause against England, 
openly avowing their republican sympathies, and under 
the leadership of Lord Edward FitzGerald they appealed 
to France for armed assistance. The English Govern- 

28 



1797] FRENCH FLEET IN BANTRY BAY 29 

ment was fully aware of the state of affairs in Ireland, 
they had information of the treason in progress, they 
even knew the authors of the plans ; but the proofs 
they held were under seal of secrecy, and they considered 
themselves unable to take such open action as would 
avert an invasion from France. 

In 1796 a French fleet anchored in Bantry Bay. 
The Admiral in command, Admiral Horn, had been 
separated, owing to adverse winds, from the main body 
of the Fleet, and in the absence of definite orders the 
Second-in-Command delayed to land the French expedi- 
tion. A heavy gale sprang up and swept the bay, so 
crippling the ships that they returned to Brest in a 
disabled condition. 

At last the Government took matters in hand, and 
sent General Lake, in March 1797, to disarm Ulster. 

But no open outbreak of hostilities having occurred, 
the ever-present sentimentalists in the English House 
of Commons protested eloquently against severity of 
treatment, and the Cabinet itself, having in view an 
entire change of system, desired to conciliate rather 
than alienate the Irish sympathies. But half measures 
were impossible. Distrust of, and dislike to, English 
rule was the only point on which the countless Irish 
parties appeared to have any agreement at all. 

The Rebellion burst into flame in May 1798. It found 
the Royalist troops in Ireland almost as disunited in 
their commanders as the Irish themselves. Sir Ralph 
Abercromby, who had succeeded Lord Carhampton as 
Commander-in- Chief, was out of sympathy both with 
his job and his men, who were chiefly composed of Irish 
militia and yeomanry, undisciplined and disorderly. 
General Lake does not appear to have been a born leader 
of men. 

Two days before the date planned for the rising, 
Lord Edward FitzGerald was arrested ; but in spite 
of the loss of their leader, the Irish rebels made an 



80 VINEGAR HILL AND CASTLEBAR [CHAP, in 

attempt, on the appointed day, May 23rd, to capture 
Dublin. They came into contact with the King's forces 
at Naas, Kilcullen, Rathfaran, and other places in 
county Kildare. The Irish scored something of a 
success, from which followed such a succession of arrests 
on suspicion, ancl executions in cold blood, on both 
sides, as can only be described as brutal savagery. 

Early in June 1798 Sir Watkin joined Gen. Lake's 
Army, took command of his "Ancient British Dragoons," 
and was present at the decisive action on the 20th at 
Vinegar Hill, where the rebels were utterly routed. 

After this the Rebellion died slowly and painfully 
away. In August one further attempt to land a French 
force was made at Killala, which ended in so rapid an 
engagement at Castlebar that it became known as the 
" Castlebar Races." 

Lord Cornwallis had in the meantime succeeded 
Lord Camden as Viceroy. He was not happier than his 
predecessors in winning the affection of the Irish. The 
one solution, in his mind, for all Irish troubles was the 
Union of the Parliaments ; his policy, therefore, was to 
propitiate the people, but to deal arbitrarily with the 
leaders, the result being that his acts of leniency 
towards the rank and file were misinterpreted as weak- 
ness, and his attitude towards their leaders regarded as 
cruel and vindictive. By the autumn of 1798 the Re- 
bellion had ceased, all that remained was smouldering 
hatred and distrust, on which was built up the fabric 
of the United Parliament of 1800. 

From Gwilliam Lloyd Wardle l to Sir Watkin 

" DTJNDALK, Sunday, May 14th, 1797. 

" DEAR SIR WATKIN, Your Lads have gained fresh 
laurels. Cuming, Goodriche & Barlow with 22 rank 
& file & a few yeomanry Cavalry after patrolling the 

1 Afterwards M.P. for Okehampton. In 1809 he brought to light 
in the House of Commons the sale of commissions in the Army by 
Mrs. Clarke, mistress of the Duke of York. 



1797] TORK HILL 81 

whole of Friday night & until 10 o'clock yesterday 
morning were aware of a strong force of these united 
Rascals coming down to attack them they drew up their 
small force so as to make it appear still smaller, this 
answered admirably, the villains to the amount of 250 
or 300 armed with pikes & muskets advanced boldly & 
drew up in line 4 deep very near our men in an open 
space in a village with houses in the rear, our party 
immediately deployed into line & advanced at a gentle 
trot till very near them, they then made a desperate charge 
by which they were completely taken & fled on all 
directions. Your lads now skirmished with equal success 
& gallantry, they killed 12, wounded a much more 
considerable number & took ten prisoners whom they 
carried off in the face of a very considerable force of 
these Villains who were pouring from every side. I 
have the further satisfaction of saying that we have not 
a man killed or wounded, a circumstance that could 
hardly have been looked for more particularly as they 
kept up a fire upon our men, while skirmishing, from 
some adjacent houses. During the course of last night 
intelligence came in here that the United had collected 
all their strength & to the number of 5,000 had taken 
the field. In consequence of this Cuming sent off to 
Newry for a reinforcement. Pulestone was at Lurgan 
on Regimental duty. I therefore immediately marched 
off sixty-six strong & 2 Officers to meet him at the place 
he had appointed. This we effected & found that the 
Rascals had been out in great force all the night, had 
seized 26 stand of Arms from the Tork Hill Yeomanry, 
had destroyed a gentlemans house, etc. etc. & had been 
loud in their assertion of giving us Battle, as we advanced 
however they changed their minds & dispersed, & only 
one man & his pike were we able to seize. I should 
have told you that the affair of yesterday took place 
near Tork Hill about 10 Miles from this place. Immedi- 
ately on receiving Cuming' s requisition I sent to Bain- 
bridge for a Detachment to take care of our Newry 
friends, & reported everything to General Nugent. I 
shall remain here till I receive further orders as Good- 
riche's Troop has been much harassed & it is highly 
probable we shall have something to do tonight. 



82 TWENTY-THIRD OF MAY [CHAP, in 

Pulcstone this moment come in, he has given me your 
letter. . . . The gun you have heard from us about 
would give us wonderful strength." 

(An unsigned fragment to a person whose identity is not 
established) 

" NAAS, May 29th, 1798. 

" MY DEAR CHEVALIER, Long before this reaches you, 
you will have heard of the Row the Croppies have been 
making in this country. It began in the night of 
Wednesday 23rd in all quarters within 30 or 40 miles 
round Dublin, almost every military station was 
attacked & some small ones who were not on the alert 
were surprised & cut off, but the Rebels have been very 
severely beaten in many places & have lost several 
hundred men. I am very sorry to add that some few 
of his Majesty's Troops have been killed & wounded 
in the different conflicts, among others poor Davies 
our Adjutant is killed, Barlow slightly wounded, & Mr. 
Goldsby killed, Serjeant Lloyd & Deakin severely 
wounded, Segt. Grindly taken, Corporals Tilston & 
Roberts (not a Pompey) killed, Corporal Jones wounded, 
Trumpter Edwards killed & six or eight privates killed 
& several wounded but doing well. Cornet Jones & a 
small detached party we have not yet heard of, but hope 
as he was with a strongish party of the Lt. Infantry that 
they may be safe, as we have heard nothing to the 
contrary. I was in Dublin on the night of the general 
Attack & together with Lord Roden (late Ld. Jocelyn) 
volunteered it with a party of 5th Dragoons (20 men) 
who were ordered from Dublin in pursuit of a Body of 
Rebels near Rathfarnham : J 4 miles from Dublin we 
were joined by 13 mounted Yeomen & at last came up 
with some hundreds of the Rebels into the midst of 
whom I had led the Yeomen who all but four ran away 
most manfully & left us there. I had several very narrow 
escapes & so had Lord Roden who had a slanting shot 
in his Helmet which for that reason & first striking his 
feather, did not pierce thro. On the receipt of Wardle's 
letter I went to Naas where we now are in great force 
under General Dundas & Wilford. . . . 



1798] LORD EDWARD FITZGERALD 33 

" The Rebels finding they have so infinitely the worst 
of it have sent to offer to surrender unconditionally, 
which will undoubtedly be accepted, at first they wanted 
to stipulate for Lord Edward Fitzgerald 1 & the rest 
of their gang now in prison, but that was not listened 
to. Giff ord was with part of my troop & a party of the 
Cork Militia surprized at Prosperons & very narrowly 
escaped by concealing himself in a Chimney, he is here 
now safe & sound, but has lost all he possessed poor 
fellow by the loss of our Baggage at Kildare. I fear 
we have lost a good deal, but I hope we may recover 
some & I trust the women are not murdered as was at 
first reported." 

From Sir Watkin to Charles W. W. W. 

" AEKLOW, 4 a.m. June 10th, 1798. 

" We were attacked by the ' united Irish ' in force, 
some say to the amount of thirty thousand, about 
4 o'clock yesterday evening, they continued the attack 
till it was nearly dark & then retreated, we expected 
them to have renewed the attack during the night & was 
therefore under [orders ?] till just now. Our loss is very 
trifling, we have not one Officer hurt. I do not think 
that the reception they met with yesterday will encourage 
them to pay us a second visit. The Town has been a 
little damaged but not much. Yours Affect. 

" W. W. W." 

From Lord Grenville to Lady W. W. 

" CLEVELAND Row, \ p. 2, Thursday. 

" MY DEAREST SISTER, I have just seen the despatch, 
the substance of which shortly, is, that the rebels in 
very great numbers attacked theKing's troops atArklow, 
& after a contest of about two hours were repulsed with 
great loss, on their part, & hardly any on ours, no 
Officer being either killed or wounded. 

1 Ld. Edward FitzGerald, 5th s. of James, 1st Duke of Leinster, and 
his wife Emilia, dau. 2nd Duke of Richmond and Lennox ; born 
1763. He mar. 1792, " Pamela," the reputed dau. of " Philippe 
Egalit6 " and Madame de Gtenlis. He was attainted for high treason, 
and died in prison, from wounds received when resisting his arrest, 
while the trial was pending in 1799, 



84 SIR WATKIN'S GALLANTRY [CHAP, m 

" Gen. Needham * mentions that Watkin commanded 
the Cavalry, & made a very gallant charge against a 
body, who were endeavouring to turn Needham' s 
position which they were by that means prevented from 
doing. 

" The insurrection in the North appears to have been 
confined to Antrim & to be wholly suppressed. 

" Ever most affectionately yours, 

"G. 

" I send a note which my dear little woman * had 
written to ask you to dine here." 

A fragment enclosed in the above note 

" ' General Needham sustained the best fought & 
most gallant action of any & with an Army of every 
description not 1,000 against 25,000 Rebels & the 
General in his private & public Letters says that Sir 
W.'s charge at ye Head of 30 of his men was a brilliant 
piece of gallantry." 

Sir Watkin to his brother Charles W. W, W. 

" GONY, July 3rd, 98. 

" You will have heard ere this of the unfortunate 
business that happened near this place on Saturday last. 
The Dragoons under Pulestone * got into a road that 
was lined on both sides by the Rebels, they endeavoured 
to push through, but in a small winding of the road 
they found it blocked up by some cars, Pulestone had 
his horse killed by the first shot, the check in front 
caused a confusion in the rear & many of the men fell 
with their horses & all into the ditches that were on 
each side of the road. Dismounted poor fellows, they 
had no chance of escaping, the loss in the whole of the 
Dragoons is 54 men. I lost 25 men, Gifford & Ld. Mas. 
Davies, whom you remember, Sergeant-Major Torry 
was killed. Tell my Grandmother 4 that I saw Mr. 

1 General Needham, afterwards 12th Vise. Kilmorey. Served in 
America and was taken prisoner at Yorktown in 1774. He served in 
France in 1793-5. He died 1832. 

* Lady Grenville. 

3 Of Emral, Denbighshire. Possibly Thomas, who mar. Penelope, 
dau. of John Leche of Carden, and d.s.p. 

Frances Shakerley, widow of the 3rd Sir Watkin. She died 1803. 



1798] CHARLES IN DUBLIN 35 

Hamilton in Dublin & that he belongs to a Corps called 
by themselves the Merrion Square Watch, by others 
the Fogies, they sup at each others houses, patrole the 
streets on foot in fair weather, & in Chairs in foul 
weather. ..." 

" DUBLIN, July \5th. 

" As my Regiment was idle I was for the last four days 
as a volunteer with General Lake J hunting after the 
Rebels through the mountains of Wicklow but unluckily 
we could not catch them, they are gone north of Dublin 
where they have had a good dressing & are attacked on 
all sides. Now that they are driven out of the moun- 
tains they cannot long exist." 

In August, after the Summer Assizes, Charles joined 
his brother in Ireland, just as the Rebellion was flickering 
out. 

A point of family interest raised in his letters to 
his mother, is Lord Kirkwall's offer of a Volunteer 
Corps, which he somewhat resented. In 1803, how- 
ever, the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Cavalry came 
into being, which regiment he commanded from that 
date for upwards of forty-one years. 

Charles W. W. W. to his Mother (notes from letters) 

" DUBLIN, August 20th, 1798. 

" I find Watkin in highest credit possible & looking 
better than I ever saw him. He & his Officers all abuse 
General Needham extremely & say that he has entirely 
lost his character by the whole of his conduct while 
they were under his command. Watkin complains of 
him very much for having once abandoned his own 
brigade in order to take the command of an expedition 
of Cavalry which had been entrusted to W. by Lake 
& for not having given him sufficient credit in the 
official despatch for his services at Arklow when he was 

1 Ld. Lake, 1st Vise.; born 1744. Served in America, under Ld. 
Cornwallis. Lecky says that " his indiscriminating severity towards 
the Irish " at this time did much harm. He was C.-in-C. in India, 
1800. He died 1808. 



36 THE SECOND FRENCH EXPEDITION [CHAP, in 

second in command & defended the lower part of the 
town without any communication whatever with the 
General. 

" I am going to the House of Commons today to hear 
the report of the secret Committee & a debate upon the 
attainder of Lord E. FitzGerald. . . ." 

" August 24th. 

" You will probably, before this, have heard from 
Lord G. 1 that 1,600 French have landed near Kilala at 
Ballina. The news arrived a few hours ago & Lord 
Cornwallis * sets out tomorrow morning to take the 
command in person. . . . 

" It is very entertaining to see the various groups at 
the different corners of the streets talking of it. Most 
people in the House of Commons seem pleased with it 
as they expect that a very good account will soon be 
given of them. The French have taken the Bishop of 
Kilala & his two sons prisoners. Lord Castlereagh's 
dispatch mentions but 3 frigates & but 600 men but Ld. 
Dillon's & all the private letters say four frigates con- 
taining 500 men a piece." 

" DUBLIN, Sunday, September 2nd. 

" Lord Kirkwall s made the offer of a Volunteer Corps 
to me at the Ruthin Assizes with all the pert civility 
& low bows of a ci-devant French barber. I received 
it as well as I could & desired him to put it into writing 
& send it to the Major & so the enterview concluded 
with all proper politeness on both sides. 

" By the way I must now repay a kindness which you 
have often shewn me in correcting my Orthography & 
must desire that you will never libel the most ancient & 
classical language now spoken by the name of Welch 

1 Ld. Grenville. 

1 Charles, 2nd E. Cornwallis ; born 1738 ; mar. 1768, Jemima, 
dau. of Col. James Jones. He was a distinguished General Officer. He 
served in India. Raised to the Marquisate 1792. Lord Lieut, and Com. - 
in-Chief of Ireland, 1799. In 1804 he was for the second time made 
Gov.-Gen. of India, and there he died, 1805. 

3 John, Vise. Kirkwall, eldest s. of Countess of Orkney and Hon. 
Thomas FitzMaurice of Llewenny Hall, Denbigh. Born 1778; mar. 
1802, Anna Maria, dau. 1st Lord de Blaquiere. He died 1820. 



1798] DUBLIN 37 

as the C was only introduced by the Saxons, who wished 
to make us pass for strangers in our native land. 

" I am quite surprised to find that you have any 
difficulty in finding a temporary Master for Henry, as I 
should think that the family hack, Blair, might always 
be had at a moment's notice till a better could be found. 
I own that I cannot help agreeing with Watkin in think- 
ing that some Englishman who has resided abroad 
would be much preferable to any Swiss who can be found. 

" I should rather expect that you would think Mr. 
Fisher (Ld. St. Helen's 1 Secretary whom W. wrote to 
you about) too young for such a charge, but W. has 
lately thought of a friend of his own whom he knew in 
Russia as Secretary to Mr. Whitworth, 2 Mr. Eton, who 
has lately published a very curious & entertaining 
book upon Russia & Turkey & who sounds I think much 
more promising. . . . 

" No news yet arrived from the Army. The report 
is that the enemy have encreased very much in numbers 
since Lake's defeat & what gives credit to it is Lord 
Cornwallis' delaying so long to attack them & ordering 
up more forces, though he has already near 9,000 troops. 
Things remain very quiet here, but as a guard against 
insurrection, every precaution is now used & every 
regulation adopted which were in force during the 
rebellion. No person except members of Parliament 
& persons in uniform can go out after nine o'clock & the 
barriers so strictly kept by the Yeomanry that there is 
the greatest difficulty in getting into Dublin in the 
evening. It is however quite wonderful to see how 
incompletely everything is done here. It has been 
notorious for the last two years that the favourite scheme 
of the rebels was to set fire to Dublin, which by the 
confusion it would excite, would very much favour an 
insurrection. 

1 Ld. St. Helens, born 1753; a successful and distinguished diplo- 
mat. His last foreign mission was to St. Petersburg, 1801. He 
died unmar. 1839. 

* Charles Whitworth, born 1752 ; entered Dipl. Service in 1786. 
Envoy Extr. and Plen. to Russia, 1793 ; created an Irish Baron, 1800 ; 
mar. 1801, Arabella, dau. of Sir Charles Cope, and widow of Duke of 
Dorset. In 1805 he was sent on a mission to France, where his firm 
attitude in dealing with Talleyrand and the " Consular Court " up- 
held the prestige of England throughout Europe. He d.s.p. 1825. 



38 THE IRISH MILITIA [CHAP, in 

" Last night the stables of the Mail Coach office were 
set on fire (whether designedly or not is not known) & 
in a very short time there a good many engines brought, 
but you will be surprised to hear that there was not a 
single fireman to take the direction of them, that they 
were entirely worked by the standers-by & that if it 
had not been for the exertions of Watkin, who came 
with me to the place, I really believe that the fire would 
not have been got under. There were indeed two men, 
who were called engine-keepers, but both of them 
extremely stupid & extremely drunk, which we were 
told they always were at a fire. 

" Lord Carysfort received this morning a long letter 
from John Proby, 1 in which he says that the conduct 
of the Kilkenny & Longford Militia in the late action 
was infinitely more disgraceful than one can form any 
idea of, so bad that it could not proceed from cowardice 
only, but from a mixture of disaffection. Indeed I hear 
that some of the Longfords joined the enemy. The 
general account which Proby gives of the Irish Regi- 
ments of Militia makes one shudder, & perfectly justifies 
the declaration of Sir Ralph Abercrombie that they are 
formidable to every one but the enemy. The Com- 
mander of the Rebels who have joined the French has 
sent to offer to surrender upon terms, but I understand 
that Lord Cornwallis has positively refused to grant 
any whatever. The reason of his collecting so very large 
a force as 21,000 men is not from any apprehension of 
the enemy, whose numbers are so insignificant that 
one tenth of his troops, if they behaved properly would 
be sufficient to destroy them, but in order to get back 
the arms which have been dispersed amongst the 
peasantry of the neighbourhood in great quantities. 
The attack on the French will probably take place to- 
day or tomorrow unless (which I should expect) they 
surrender without an engagement." 

" DUBLIN, September \Qth, t 1798. 

" The appearance of this place continues quite tranquil 
as indeed it has been ever since I have been here. Lord 

1 John Proby, 2nd 8. of 1st Ld. Carysfort, afterwards 2nd Ld. 
He died unmar. 1828. 



1798] CONDITION OF IRELAND 39 

Cornwallis appears to have given very great & very 
universal offence by what is called his [torn paper], but 
more particularly by his late proclamation offering 
pardon to every private who joined the French if they 
will give up their arms. This he has done without con- 
sulting any person, & both Lord Buckingham l and 
Lord Carysfort 2 seem to think that in so doing he has 
exceeded his authority as all proclamations hitherto 
issued by the Lord Lieutenant have been agreed upon in 
Council & signed by all the Privy Counsellors present, 
besides which Lord B. doubts whether by the Ld. Lieut.' s 
Commission he has the power of granting a pardon for 
high treason. Ever since I have been here I have been 
struck by the manner in which I have heard most of the 
principal servants of Government more than insinuate 
blame against the Vice-Roy, but they now, as I am told 
speak openly & wish that their disapprobation should be 
known. All the English Officers who have been upon 
the late Expedition describe the situation of Connaught 
as more miserable than can be imagined by those who 
have not seen it. No Gentleman's house for miles & 
the condition of the peasantry so wretched as fully to 
justify them in the opinion that any change must be for 
the better." 

" BLESSINGTON, September 26th, 1798. 

"The Bang of France with 20,000 men 

Marched up a hill & then 

Marched down again. 

And such my dear Mother will be the account that 
future Historians must give (if they give any at all) of 
General Lake's expedition against the Wicklow Rebells." 

" DUBLIN, August 22nd. 

" The Debate in the House of Commons on Monday 
rather disappointed me as most of the speakers were 

1 Ld. Buckingham, the 1st Marq., a former Lord- Lieut, of Ireland. 

2 John, 1st E. of Carysfort (created Baron of U.K. 1801); born 
1751 ; mar. 1st, 1774, Elizabeth, dau. of Rt. Hon. Sir William Osborne. 
She died 1782. He mar. 2ndly, 1787, Elizabeth, 2nd dau. of Rt. Hon. 
George GrenviUe. He died 1828. She died 1842. (He is uncle to the 
writer.) The Irish estates of the Carysforts are Glenart Castle, Arklow, 
co. Wicklow. 



40 THE IRISH PARLIAMENT [CHAP, m 

dull and all of them very confused. Curran's speech as 
Counsel for Lord Edward FitzGerald was much the best 
but contained nothing but declamation & appeals to the 
papers which were outre & almost burlesque. ..." 

[Undated.] 

" When I last wrote it was settled that if we heard 
nothing of the French fleet we should sail for Wales on 
Monday. Watkin's regiment is ordered from Lehauns- 
town Camp to be quartered at Naas & Kilcullen a 
change they much disapprove of. 

" Lord Cornwallis' answer to the Hosiers is the subject 
of the greatest triumph to the Beresford l party that can 
be conceived. On my return here on Sunday I was 
told of it from all quarters as more than compensating 
for any invasion that could be expected from France. 
Indeed what we saw in Wicklow did look very much as 
if the system of lenity & granting protections to rebels 
had been carried too far. There are everywhere persons 
who are more than suspected of giving information to 
Holt of every movement of the Troops." 

" DUBLIN, October 8th. 

" We have all been Nelson mad ! for the last two days 
& are in anxious expection of a petite piece in the same 
style from the pen of Sir J. B. Warren. Indeed it seems 
scarcely possible that if the Stag etc. saw the Brest Fleet 
to the Westward of Scilly on the 17th of September & if 
they intended to attack this country, but that we 
should have heard of their landing before this time. I 
went yesterday to the House of Lords to hear Lord 
Cornwallis prorogue the parliament, his speech was 
very long & appeared well written though ill-delivered. 
You will see that he confirmed his promise to the 
Hosiers of using vigorous measures against those who 
have abused the King's mercy. This of course occasions 
all degree of triumph to what is here called the Orange 

1 Henry de la Poer Beresford, afterwards 2nd Marq. of Waterford ; 
born 1773. A Privy Councillor of Ireland. Gov. of co. Waterford, 
and Col. of the Waterford Militia. He succeeded his father 1800 and 
died 1826. 

3 The Battle of the Nile, August 2nd, 179a 



1798] 



THE HOSIERS 



41 



party. To give you some idea of the views of some 
of them I need only tell you that happening the other 
day to sit at dinner next to Mr. Ogle, whom that interest 
had brought in for Dublin, I contrived by some enquiries 
to set him talking, when he told me that he firmly 
believed this rebellion could never be extinguished, but 
by the revival of all the penal statutes against the 
Catholics, the laying waste with fire & sword any district 
in which the rebels should continue in force, & the 
complete extermination of every person who ever joined 
the standard of rebellion." 

While the elder brothers were in Ireland, Henry's 
education was giving Lady Williams Wynn some 
anxiety at home. He was in his sixteenth year, and 
had left Harrow. 

Watkin and Charles discuss his future with their 
mother, Charles, as already seen, favouring a tour 
abroad with a tutor, Watkin, residence in a pension 
on the Continent ; all this in anticipation of the posi- 
tion, already promised, of private secretary to his uncle 
Lord Grenville, at this time Leader in the House of Lords. 
This appointment he was actually given in 1799, but, 
as events will show, it was his second, not his first tenure 
of office. 



CHAPTER IV 

1799 

IN January the Right Honourable Thomas Grenville 
was despatched on a mission to the Court of Berlin, 
the object being to induce active co-operation from 
Prussia, with Great Britain and her Allies, against 
the aggressions of Napoleon and the French Republic. 
Henry joined the party as private secretary to his 
uncle. The Government frigate Proserpine, carrying 
the personnel of the mission, ran aground off the 
island of Newerke at the mouth of the Elbe on February 
1st, and quickly became a total wreck owing to the 
condition of the ice and the severity of the weather. 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" NEWEBK, February 3rd, 1799. 

" Here we are safe & sound, after having had a most 
Providential escape from the wreck of the Proserpine, 
which ran ashore about 8 miles from off Newerk (where 
I date this letter from) a small island not very far from 
the continent. We sailed on Monday the 28th, & were 
in hopes of having a most expeditious passage, but how- 
ever Providence ordered it otherwise. Nothing remark- 
able happened that night. On the 29th we got off 
Heyligland of famous memory, on the 30th we got a Pilot 
from the Island, & made for the red buoy at the entrance 
of the Elbe, where we anchored. On the 31st we 
struck on a sandbank, but got off without any injury 
to the ship. We anchored off Newerk, & were very 
much afraid that our Cables would be cut by the Ice 
which came down in great torrents, we therefore covered 
them with chains. On the 1st we saw that it was useless 
to endeavour to get to Cuxhaven, we therefore turned 

42 



1799] THE WRECK OF THE PROSERPINE 43 

back for the red buoy, but at about J past eight in the 
morning we stuck again on a Sandbank which alas ! 
was fatal to the Proserpine. The Captain then ordered 
that all guns & stores etc. should be thrown overboard. 
All the time the ice was collecting about the Ship, & 
was so strong that it bore some of the guns which were 
thrown overboard, yet we thought that the ice would 
be sufficiently strong all over to bear us to this island. 
On the night of the 1st, the Ice came down so strong 
that it broke the rudder, & injured the ship in other 
parts. The same wind had considerably lessened the 
chance we had of escaping over the ice, as it was broken 
in several places, & there was no probability of the 
ship holding together, if the wind blew with such 
violence as it had done the night before. 

" On the 2nd, at about 1 o'clock, we found that 
crossing the ice was our only chance of saving our 
lives, particularly as the Pilot said that the water was 
not more than three feet deep. We therefore left the 
ship, with Pikes in our hands to prevent our slipping, 
& I am happy to say that after many dangers we arrived 
at Newerk at about 4 o'clock, i There is no describing 
to you what a scene it was to see the whole surrounding 
prospect covered with precipices of Ice. We wrapped 
ourselves up as well as we could, but were not allowed 
to take greatcoats on account of being obliged to 
scramble on all fours. I need not tell you how cold 
it was. For example the water which came from our 
eyes directly froze & formed Icicles. My Uncle suffered 
greatly from the cold, but I hope he is very well in 
health. 

"There are only 8 small houses on this place, in 
which we are all stuffed, & believe me, though rather 
uncomfortable we are more content with our lot than 
any one ever was. I will give you an account of the 
room we are in. It is the family's sittingroom, & in 
which three children are continually squeaking, & 
believe me German children make twice the noise that 
English do, in this room we & all the Officers are. The 
only thing that the house affords is smoked Beef & 
Bacon. ... I wish I could say that we had lost no 
lives. There were several of the men, who when they 



44 ANOTHER NARROW ESCAPE [CHAP, iv 

left the ship, were a little in liquor, having had some 
additional liquor to drink on their way. Some of these 
laid down in the snow, & some went to sleep, & were 
frost-bitten, & did not long survive their arrival here. 
Indeed some of them died before they got ashore. One 
poor woman who has been in the ship 7 years, & who 
has had several children in the ship could not endure 
the cold, & the other dangers of the journey, & with a 
Baby at her breast actually dropped down, & was not 
able to get up. I fear we have lost 13 men. 

" The thing that I regret the most having lost is my 
watch, which either in sliding down the ropes of the 
ship when we got down on the ice, or in scrambling over 
the ice fell out of my pocket." 

From Henry W. W. W. to his sister Charlotte W. W. 

" CUXHAVEN, February 1th. 

" We have again experienced a most fortunate & 
providential escape, if possible when we were in more 
danger than before. We stayed at Newerk till yes- 
terday morning, when our landlord thought we should 
be able to get to Cuxhaven. We therefore, (accom- 
panied by 70 men) set off at 7 o'clock that morning, 
thinking that it was low water, but when we had gone 
about a mile we found some water about a foot deep. 
Our Guide said it was only a little Gully, & that it was 
only 100 yds. over. We therefore went on, but to our 
great astonishment we did not see the end of it. W r e 
actually waded through the water, which was in some 
places up to our middle, for 3 miles. The current was 
at that time amazingly rapid, as the tide was coming 
in, not going out. It froze so hard at the time, that 
the water froze in our boots. I was very much afraid 
that on account of my being so wet that my feet would 
be frost-bitten, but luckily they are not. One of my 
fingers are a little frost-bitten, it blisters exactly like 
a burn & has the same sensation. ... I am sure I can- 
not say enough, (& therefore shall not attempt it) of 
the- great kindness & care which my best of Uncles 
shewed me. When we were in the greatest danger he 
looked round for me, & for the most part of the way 



1799] MR. HOPPNER'S PICTURES 45 

made me take hold of his arm. He was more tired 
this time than the last, indeed we all were." 

Mr. Thomas Grenville and his party proceeded to 
Berlin, and the family at home kept the young private 
secretary well posted up in their own doings, both 
social and political. 

Their letters tell of the period of anxiety, when the 
fate of the Proserpine and its passengers was uncertain, 
and of the congratulations and expressions of goodwill 
which they received, when all doubts for their safety 
were at an end. 

From Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

[Undated, but about March 1799.] 

" The great event in the family since your departure 
is that Charles, (upon the death of the Member) is gone 
down to stand for the County of Montgomery, & as 
he has not found any opposition there is no doubt but 
that he will be elected on the 13th. Charlotte x is not 
yet a Grand lady presented, & will not be now I sup- 
pose before Easter, she has had very little to regret 
for though there has been I hear a great deal of gaiety 
in London, I have had very little. I went to one 
Almack's Ball which was a very good one & I danced 
a good deal. The Duchess of Gordon * managed it 
& said she would not have one Quiz, she certainly had 
not, but how she managed it I do not comprehend, 
unless Mr. Hoppner was concealed behind the door to 
examine the faces of those who came in. By the bye 
pray tell my Uncle that Mama's picture 3 is universally 
acknowledged to be very like, but that Mr. H. has so 
much pared away her cloak that her shoulders are all 
exposed & very bad drawing displayed in them. My 
Uncle & Lady G. are both sitting to him at present 
& their pictures hitherto promise very well." 

1 Charlotte, the writer's sister, mar. 1806, Lt.-Col. William Shipley, 
s. of the Dean of St. Asaph. 

2 Jane, dau. of Sir William Maxwell ; mar. 4th Duke of Gordon, 
1767. She died 1812. 

3 This picture is at Wynnstay, and reproduced in the frontispiece. 



46 LETTERS FROM HOME [CHAP, iv 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

"BnooK STREET, March 8th, 1799. 

" I shall expect to hear in your next of your begin- 
ning to be settled in some regular habits of occupation, 
& hope that the long & unforseen brake that you have 
had in them will not render them more irksome to you. 
Let me, my dearest make one criticism on the letters 
which I have just received from you, which is that you 
should never use figures in writing, but when you 
really mean to describe numbers ; you should not there- 
fore write | enough, nor I or 2 things, because in neither 
case do you mean to speak numerically, nothing can 
look more awkward." 

From Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

[1799.] 

" The last time we wrote, you was I believe told 
that I was going to a ball at Ly. Lincoln's, 1 it was a 
remarkably good one, I should guess far more pleasant 
than your Court one. We stayed till past four & 
left them dancing. All the fine people in London were 
there, & among others your old school fellow Ld. 
Grantham, 8 who has his hair tied & is grown quite a 
young man. ... I told you before what a number of 
congratulations we have received, since that time a 
very ridiculous circumstance has occurred, an account 
of which will I think divert you. The King had taken 
a very kind interest in our anxiety & had been very 
civil, it was thought proper that the family should go 
to the Drawing Room in order to express their grati- 
tude, & Mama went, but as I am always very glad 
to escape the ceremony & as I was to go almost im- 
mediately with Charlotte I got excused for this time, 
you shall hear what was the consequence. The King 

1 Lady Lincoln, Frances, dau. of Francis, Marquess of Hertford. 
She mar. Ld. Lincoln, 2nd s. of 2nd Duke of Newcastle. They 
had one only dau. Catherine, who mar. 1801, Ld. Folkestone, after- 
wards 3rd Earl of Radnor. 

1 Ld. Grantham, Thomas, 3rd Baron ; born 1781 ; sue. his father 
1786 Inherited at the death of his maternal aunt, Amabel, Countess 
de Grey, in 1833, the Earldom of de Grey. He mar. 1805, Henrietta, 
dau, of 1st E. of Enniekillen. He died 1859. 



1799] THE MONTGOMERYSHIRE ELECTION 47 

having spoken to Mama & to my Aunts came next to 
Miss Lascelles l who is rather fat. He unfortunately 
took her for me & talked to her full ten minutes of 
her Brother & her Uncle, of the dreadful secret she had 
had to keep, etc., etc. She of course could not guess 
what he could mean & only answered by courtseying, & 
looking very much confused, however His Majesty did 
not discern his mistake, & remains persuaded that I 
am the most stupid & the most insensible of human 
beings. As for Miss Lascelles she must think that Dr. 
Willis z will be again sent for to the King immediately. 
If she discovers the mistake I think she will be very 
much affronted, as she is very pretty. 

" I believe you have not heard that Charles is elected,* 
& that all went off as prosperously & as triumphantly 
as possible. I fancy that it is almost impossible to be 
happier than he is at present. 

" Yrs. F. W. W.'? 

From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" LLANGEDWYN, March 10th, 1799. 

" MY DEAR OLD MAN, I ought before this to have 
congratulated you on all your escapes, but as you must 
already know, it was not until the fifth of this month 
that we were relieved from our alarm about you, & 
ever since that time Watkin & I have been so busy 
canvassing etc. both in person & by letter, that it has 
not been in our power to tell you how delighted & 
overjoyed we were at hearing of your safety, as it is 
impossible to describe our alarm when we only knew 
your danger. Now that it is all over you have nothing 
to do but to rejoice that you have so fine a story to 
tell to your Grandchildren on a Winter's evening 60 
years hence. . . . Were you here, I think you would 
like to be of our party to Machynlleth on Thursday 
but I fear you would be undutiful enough to laugh 
when you saw me chaired round the town. I have 

1 Possibly Mary Anne, dau. of Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron, afterwards 
1st Vise, and 1st E. of Harewood. She mar. 1801, Richard York of 
Wighill Park, and died 1831. 

1 The Court physician. 

3 For Montgomeryshire. 



48 LETTERS FROM HOME [CHAP, iv 

already sent there to desire that the chair may be well 
examined & that the bearers may be carefully locked 
up from all ' cwrw ' 1 on the morning before as it might 
produce an indecorous effect if the Member for Mont- 
gomeryshire were to take his seat in the House of 
Commons with a patch upon his nose or a broken 
head." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BKOOK STREET, March 15th, ^1799. 

" I dined yesterday in Cleveland Row, 2 where my 
brother asked me whether I thought there was any 
chance of your having been employed to copy out your 
Uncle's last dispatches of which the writing had been 
very particularly commended, & as it was thought 
not to be Mr. Fisher's hand, your Uncle flattered him- 
self it might be yours. I heartily wish it may turn out 
so, but I fear you will not have been thought quite 
equal to it. 

" We all want to know in what language you was 
spoken to when you were presented, & what French 
terms you found to express Ruabon Volunteers" 

From Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, March 26th. 

" Your letter of the 16th arrived yesterday. We 
are very happy to hear that you have ventured to 
dance, but want to know a great many more particu- 
lars. In the first place, who did you dance with ? Do 
you change partners as we do, or do you go on all 
night with the same ? We want likewise to know what 
the Prussian Peasant's dress is, & whether it is pretty 
for dancing. If you think it pretty pray describe it 
very exactly, for we have tickets for a Masquerade at 
Mrs. Orby Hunter's, & though Mama says^now that 
she will not go, I have still hopes of it, & think that a 
Prussian Peasant would be something new, & out of 
the common run. 

" We have a great deal of gaiety in view at present, 

1 " Cwrw " : Welsh for ale, or strong beer, 
* Ld. Grenville's house, 



1799] 



LONDON GAIETY 



49 



Charlotte goes on Monday to a Ball at Lady Milner's, 1 
I have made her very angry by foretelling that she 
will dance with the enchanting Phil. Pierrepont * : the 
Monday following we both go to a Ball at Mrs. Robin- 
son's, & on Thursday sen' night Charlotte is to be pre- 
sented. Besides all this we have great hopes that 
Watkin will come up with Charles on the 9th, & that 
then we may have a Ball here. Our hopes of the 
Masquerade, likewise rest upon his coming. I fear we 
have no chance of keeping him long. His Regiment 
is tired of doing nothing, & have offered on their own 
accord, to follow him & his Officers to any part of the 
Globe. W. sent us the other day a copy of the Duke 
of York's ' answer to this proposal, it is as handsome a 
letter as you can conceive ; he ends by saying, that 
he will be ' very happy if circumstances will admit of 
his Majesty's availing himself of their present offer, & 
affording the Regiment an opportunity of distinguish- 
ing themselves on the Continent as they have done in 
Ireland.' This sounds a little as if they were to be 
moved. We all wish they may, as they cannot change 
for the worse, & if they should go to Portugal it would 
be much for the better. Do you remember how much 
we laughed, some years ago, at the Escape of the 
Guardian being immediately represented at Sadlers 
Wells, the Part of Master Pitt by Miss Simonet ? Little 
did we think we should one day see a representation of 
the perilous situation of the Proserpine etc., etc., with 
the wonderful escape of the passengers even etc., etc. 
the Part of Mr. Grenville by Signor Bologna, Mr. Fisher 
by the Signora, & Master Wynne by Miss Askins. 
There's for you ! We want to know if you have ever 
mounted a Bag, if the Sword has yet made it's appear- 
ance ? I suppose you always talk French wherever you 
go. Pray do not forget to send us full & particular 

1 Lady Milner, Diana, dau. of Humphrey Sturt, of Crichel, co. Dorset ; 
mar. 1774, Sir William Milner, 2nd Bart. She died 1805. 

2 Philip Pierrepont, 4th s. of 1st E. Manvers ; born 1786; mar. 
1810, Georgina, widow of Pryce Edwards of Talgarth, and dau. and 
h. of Herbert Browne of Imley Park, Merioneth. He d.s.p. 1864. 

3 Frederick, Duke of York, 2nd s. of George III; born 1763 ; Com.- 
in-Chief ; mar. 1791, Frederica, Princess Royal of Prussia. She died 
J820. He died 1827, 



50 LETTERS FROM HOME [CHAP, iv 

account of your partners. Have you been to any 
Assemblies or Balls at private houses, as we long to know 
whether they are like ours. I think when you receive 
this letter you will not complain of not having anything 
to answer. I hope you will not forget to send me 
The Robbers, as I still wish very much to read it, & I 
think that even my Uncle would allow that. We went 
last night to Texter's, I think I hardly ever was so 
much amused there before, he read Le Malade Imagin- 
aire, which I did not know at all before, & which I think 
is almost as good as any of Moliere's." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" UPPER BROOK STREET, May 3rd. 

" We are in hourly expectation of Lord Bridport's l 
meeting with the Brest-fleet & as I am quite sure it will 
be a victory I heartily wish the news may come time 
enough to be sent to you by this mail. Mr. Richards * 
has vacated Helstone to throw it into the hands of its 
natural representative, Lord Francis Osborne.* He 
has you know put on the silk gown, that is, been ad- 
mitted to the rank of King's Council by which his fees 
are doubled, & his business (which naturally might have 
lessened) has even already encreased, which I am sure 
you will be glad to hear. George Fortescue * is going 
to add to the number of Nobility & Gentry at Sunbury, 
& as long as he wants only Mr. Moore's care, I think he 
will be very well off, but of Mrs. Moore's & Mr. Boone's 
you & I have no very great opinion. 

1 Ld. Bridport, Alexander Hood, 1st Vise., born 1726. A very 
distinguished naval commander and brother to 1st Vise. Hood. He 
died 1814. 

1 Mr. Richards, afterwards Sir Richard ; born 1752. In 1813 he 
became Ch. Justice of Chester ; in 1814 Baron of the Exchequer ; 
in 1817 Lord Chief Baron. He died 1823. His wife was the heiress 
of Caerynwch. 

8 Ld. Francis Osborne, born 1777 ; 2nd s. of the 5th Duke of Leeds. 
Created Baron Godolphin 1832 ; mar. 1800, Hon. Elizabeth Eden, 
dau. of 1st Ld. Auckland. He died 1850. 

* George Fortescue, 2nd s. of Hugh, 1st E. of Fortescue, and his 
wife Hester, dau. Rt. Hon. George Grenville, born 1791 ; mar. 1833, 
Louisa, dau, of 1st E. of Harrowby. He siicceeded under the will of 
his uncle, Ld. Grenville, to the Boconnoc and Dropmore estates, 



1799] LORD THANET'S TRIAL 51 

" Lord Thanet's l trial for the Maidstone Riot is 
at present the most general subject of conversation. 
Charles was in Westminster Hall attending it from 
8 o'clock in the morning till 12 at night. His sentence 
is not yet pronounced, & it is said that according to an 
Act of Henry the 8th, which is the latest on the subject, 
he is liable to imprisonment for life, confiscation of all 
goods, & amputation of the right hand, which alto- 
gether sounds so severe that even a mitigated part of it 
would, I should think, considerably overbalance the 
pride & pleasure of having endeavoured to assist the 
escape of such a worthless being as O'Connor. 8 But 
in the present moment we think of nothing but Lord 
Bridport & the fresh Naval Laurels which in spite of 
the backwardness of the Season we are persuaded are 
on the point of bursting forth." 



The Same 

" BKOOK STREET, June 1th, 1799. 

" Mr. Wm. Cockburne told me that he left you deeply 
smitten with the Prussian reviews, yet are you I trust 
still John Bull enough to envy us the pride & exultation 
which we felt on Tuesday last at seeing above 8,000 men 
assembled without fee or reward voluntarily to pledge 
themselves to our defence. The Volunteers belonging 
to the E. India House are to be reviewed by themselves. 

1 Ld. Thanet, 9th Earl, born 1769; mar. 1811, Anne de Bajariovitz. 
He d.s.p. 1825. He took no prominent part in politics, but in May 
1798 was present, with Fox, Sheridan and others at the trial of 
O'Connor at Maidstone. He was charged, with others, for creating a 
riot in court, by putting the lights out, and attempting to rescue the 
prisoner or facilitate his escape. In April 1799 the case was tried 
before Ld. Kenyon and the King's Bench ; Sir John Scott (afterwards 
Ld. Eldon) prosecuted. Erskine defended. After various delays he 
was finally sentenced in June to a year's imprisonment in the Tower, 
and a fine of 1,000. On his release he was ordered to give security 
for his good behaviour for seven years to the amount of 20,000 ! He 
died 1825. 

* O'Connor, Arthur (1763-1852). The Irish rebel. He joined the 
United Irishmen with Ld, Ed. Fitzgerald in 1796. In 1798 he was 
arrested and tried at Maidstone. In 1803 he was liberated from 
prison and went to France, where, in 1804, Napoleon gave him an 
appointment as General of Division. In 1807 he mar. Eliza de Con- 
dorcet. He became a naturalised Frenchman in 1812. 



52 LETTERS FROM HOME [CHAP, iv 

This body therefore of 2,000 though not in the Park on 
Tuesday, is to be added to the general Corps, & surely 
such a sight must give pride & confidence even to a 
British taylor, a propos to which Captain Tim Kight 
of the Putney Volunteers was among the most striking 
figures in the field. 

" You have heard from your sisters that Pizarro has 
had magnetick power enough to draw the King to 
Drury Lane. It has been new Christened by the name 
of Court Plaister. 

" The gay & gallant youth Philip Pierrepont is going 
to display his Caper cutting powers to the Harrovians, 
& applied to me for a recommendation of Mrs. Leith 
who I said was to the best of my belief very careful 
of little boys. This does not particularly apply to the 
case in point, Master Philip being grown as broad as he 
is long. Adieu ever dearest, ten thousand blessings 
always attend you from 

"Your affectionate Mother." 



Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, June Ilth. 

" Last Saturday we had a very pleasant party on the 
water. We set out at about two in the neatest & pret- 
tiest boat you ever saw, & went down to a small island 
(just opposite to Brentford) where we dined, & while 
our dinner was getting ready went to see the Botanic 
Garden at Kew. We returned by water & did not 
arrive at Westminster Bridge till past nine. You 
cannot think how delightful it was. The day was quite 
perfect for the purpose. We were to have gone today 
to Woolwich by water to see the Dockyard, & among 
other Vessels a 44 gun Frigate called the Severn, but we 
were obliged to defer the party till Friday as it is not 
near warm enough today. 

" Everybody is now talking of Lord Thanet's sen- 
tance, which you will of course see in the Newspapers. 
Opinions differ very much about it, some think it too 
severe, others too lenient. I hear from Charles that 
Lawyers expected the imprisonment to be for five or 



1799] LORD THANET'S SENTENCE 53 

seven years. Lord T. will not I should think admire 
the being moved to the Tower, as I hear he has em- 
ployed Marsh to fit up rooms in King's Bench. He has 
been giving grand entertainments there, Lord Derby, 1 
the Duchess of Devonshire ! & many other fine people 
have dined with him frequently. I heard the other day 
a most shocking story from Harrow about a Boy who I 
believe you know. One of these very hot days Peering 
had got a horse & had rode out. Finding himself late 
he rode very hard & having heated himself evidently 
he stopt at a Public House to drink they gave him 
brandy & water, which is supposed to have been too 
strong for him & to have got to his head. In short he 
fell from his horse soon after, bruised his head violently 
& remained in a state of stupor when he was brought 
back to school. He afterwards fell into a violent 
delirious fever, & I am sorry to say that Sir Walter 
Farquhar gives very little hopes of his life. Poor 
fellow he suffers very severely for a slight fault. We 
were very much amused at the idea of your dining 
with Princess Louise.' Mama desires me to say that 
she shall send you over a Cook & Maitre d'Hotel by 
the next Messenger in order that you may give her a 
dinner in return. . . . 

" Charlotte made her first appearance at Ranelagh, 
& unluckily it was a very bad one. The last time I was 
there we had Master Parker, who is quite the wonder 
of this year. Perhaps you may have heard of him by 
means of the Newspapers, in case you should not I must 
tell you that at 4 year & old, & he really does not appear 
to be more he recites Dryden's Ode with so much 
variety both of action & of tone of voice that it is 
impossible to think that he does not understand it. He 
likewise plays lessons on the Harp ; but that appears to 
me far less surprising because I should think that any 
child might be made to do that by dint of application, 

1 Ld. Derby, 12th Earl ; born 1752 ; mar. 1st, 1774, Eliz., only 
dau. of James, 6th Duke of Hamilton. She died March 14th, 1797. 
He mar. 2ndly, May 1st, 1797, the celebrated actress, Eliza Farren. 
He died 1834. 

1 Georgina, 1st wife of 5th Duke of Devonshire, dau. John, Earl 
Spencer. She died 1806. 

3 See note 1, p, 106, 



54 LETTERS FROM HOME [CHAP, iv 

but the other requires far more understanding than 
naturally belongs to four years old. 

" I hope that you will reckon this a letter not only 
worth reading but worth answering." 



Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" TAPLOW, August 5th. 

" Charlotte comes from Worthing on Saturday next 
under convoy of Watkin, who is to deliver her to me 
under heavy penalties early in the Evening. We think 
of setting out for Stowe early in the next week, & from 
thence after having stepped over to Elton to see your 
Aunt I am not without some idea of turning your 
Sisters heads (in every sense of the word) towards Wales 
for the purpose of seeing Mrs. Wms. 1 who has been very 
ill, & poor Lady Cotton 2 who continues very wretched. 
You may easily guess that this Scheme is not unpopular 
in the family, but to none I believe will it give more 
sincere pleasure than to my dear Watkin. As to Charles 
he will I expect be otherwise disposed of, but how I shall 
not take upon me to say. There is a strong report that 
the K. & Q. will after their return from Weymouth 
repeat at Stowe the Visit which they have been making 
at the Mote for the purpose of reviewing the Volunteers, 
this will of course be a grand event in the family, & will 
I suppose assemble as many as can be admitted. We 
were all on the Terrace on Sunday last (for the first 
time in our lives having as you remember been too late 
last year). The good King delighted Hart s with talking 
to her of her brother, & me, no less by the highest 
enconiums on mine. He has we hear been at Billing- 
bear, where there was nobody to receive him excepting 
the two little boys, & it is supposed that Henry 4 has been 
very grand on the occasion." 

1 Elizabeth, 3rd dau. and co-h. of James Russell Stapleton ; mar. 
Watkyn Williams, Esq., of Penbedw. He d.s.p. 1808. 

2 Frances, 4th dau. and co-h. of James Russell Stapleton ; mar. 1767, 
Sir Robert Cotton, 5th Bart., M.P. for Chester. He died 1807. 

3 Harriet W. W., afterwards Mrs. Cholmondeley. 

* Henry Neville, 2nd s. of 2nd Baron Braybrooke. Killed at Tala- 
vera 1809. 



1799] VOLUNTEER REVIEWS 55 

From Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" August 1799. 

" Every body is talking of the magnificence of the 
Entertainment at the Mote on the Day of the Review 
of the Kentish Volunteers. You have I believe heard 
from Mama that the Bucks, & Essex are expected to 
follow, as soon as the King returns from Weymouth. 
They were talking the other day at Dropmore of various 
plans for the operations at Stowe in the first place, we 
hope that as the thing cannot take place till the beginning 
of October, the King will not attempt to perform the 
whole in one day, but will come to Stowe the day before, 
have a Ball in the Evening & sleep there, he may then 
easily return after the Review the next day. My 
Uncle G. 1 proposes that they should be received on the 
Ground on the left hand as you enter the gates, that the 
Royal Family should dine in the South Portico, the 
men on the Ground immediately before, & the Nobility 
& Gentry in the two little Parterres on each side the 
Portico. We hope that my Uncle will think it proper 
to ask the whole of his family to help him to receive his 
Guests, we shall be returned from our expedition by 
that time, & I heartily wish you may be so likewise. 
It may be proper to observe that all these Schemes were 
settled by my Uncle G. Mama, & my Aunt, & not by 
those who are to decide. I believe it is not yet deter- 
mined that any part of them shall take place, & that 
the whole thing is only conjecture. I don't know how 
far the Essex Review is settled but Charlotte says in 
one of her letters that the Nevilles are comforting 
themselves for having been absent from Billingbear 
when the King came there about a week ago, with the 
hopes that the Review will bring him to Audley End. 
His Majesty was received at B. B. by the old fat House- 
maid Ellen, (whom you may remember), I fancy she 
had not an idea, who it was, for when the D. of York 
gave her a Guinea for shewing the house, she asked him 
what Lord she should say had called. She addressed 
the King all the time by the Title of ' My Lord.' ' 

1 Ld. Grenville. 



56 THE DUTCH EXPEDITION [CHAP, iv 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" TAPLOW, October \5th, 1799. 

" Although my dearest Charles will never, I believe 
think a Mother's blessing unseasonable it did not appear 
to me that Holyhead Race Ground was just the Spot 
on which I could most satisfactorily offer it to you, & 
therefore waited your return to Wynnstay, to thank 
you for your annual tribute of remembrance, & to con- 
gratulate myself on all the blessings which I derive from 
the particular subject of it. I am very anxious to 
hear whether poor Lady Cotton has had spirits enough 
to keep to her engagements, I fear she must suffer cruelly 
from her constant alarm for Lynch. 1 God knows the 
accounts of such victories fill me with horror, & make me 
shudder at the sight of a Gazette. Every thing looks most 
gloomy on the Continent, & Lord Nelson is supposed, 
Antony like, to have put himself Laurels & Lions, into the 
lap of the Cleopatra Lady Hamilton. Where our dear 
Absentees are, I have not an idea & altho I know not 
what to fear about them, I am not happy while I do not 
positively know that they are safe. My last letter was 
from your Uncle from Albona dated the 19th of Sept. 
since when Lord Grenville has had one from Embden, 
but none since they went from thence. Where they are 
hiding themselves I can not guess, but to judge by 
Appearances I do not think the moment for their settling 
the pacific government of Holland can be very near. I 
cannot help fanceing myself that the Arrival of Brown- 
rigg l looks like some important change of measures. 
The report of misunderstanding between the two Chiefs 
is very general, & only confirms our regret that the 
Duke of Y. 1 quitted a Post where he was unanimously 
approved, for one where he must at best hazard his fair 
fame if not lose it." 

1 Lynch. 4th B. of Sir Robert Cotton, and younger brother to the 
Field-Marshal, 1st Vise. Combermere. He d.s.p. in East Indies 1799. 

1 Robert Brownrigg, born 1768 ; General in the Army ; created a Bart. 
1816. He died 1833. 

* D. of York took command of the Armies in Holland for a short 
time, not successfully. 



CHAPTER V 
18001801 

AFTER his return from Berlin, Henry became private 
secretary to his uncle, Lord Grenville. When the Pitt 
Ministry resigned, after the dissolution of Parliament 
in March 1801, Lord Grenville, on leaving office, gave 
his nephew a small permanent post in the Foreign 
Office. 

Henry's two intimate friends, however, continued 
their educational studies, Dick Neville at Eton and 
Ebrington at Oxford. 

From Lord Ebrington to Henry W. W. W. 

" OXFOBD, February IQth, 1800. 

" DEAR HENRY, It will be needless to inform you 
that we arrived here on the evening of Thursday the 5th 
& of the perils & dangers of our journey ; I was matricu- 
lated etc. the next day, & remained at the Bishop of 
Chester's house till Monday, when my Father returned 
to London. We will throw a veil over the evening 
when I was asked out to wine & supper, the effect of 
which was that I passed the night in torment with 
headache, and the whole of the next day in walking 
about in the air to endeavour to dispel the remaining 
fumes of the entertainment, this they tell me is the case 
with every Freshman until he becomes a little used to 
the style of thing of which in order that you may not 
laugh at the weakness of my Brain I will just give you 
a sketch. When dinner was over at about 4 o'clock we 
adjourned about fourteen in number to Finch's rooms, & 
sat drinking Bumper Toasts . . . till about half past nine. 
You may suppose by this time none of the party were too 

57 



s A FRESHMAN AT OXFORD [our. T 

sober, we ad j ourned huwviu upstairs to a ray handinmc 
sapper, I bang a new comer was sneeessivehr obliged 
to dnnk a pass of nine with every pti.toii in 



this done we returned down stairs, a.s I hope-i. en 

way to our respective dens, bat for once I was : 

in my ;onjeeture :':: -::.-: ~.;r.? ;:.-..-. :>.-: ::.::.- . i.i 

jnst before left, in order to go to supper, I found the 

Bottles* Fruit e, removed m their place the table 

covered with large tumblers three or four Bowb of a 

. .. :: ailed T(/f mthtueniBl,wJ .'. " . n interpreted 

lyrifiri very iliimg, spicy negus, this lasted tin 1 past 

eleven when the party brake up retired to the enjoy- 

mtvt .:' :. :-: v- ~, :..^:.~.-:...^:-'-.:-, ':.'.... :.-"...-. HnmVucmM] 

& the other attendants upon overloaded stomachs 

overheated Brains. Ton wiD I know wonder when yon 

read this how it is pmHJhlr to five a week u 

circumstances; I must howercr teM you that I 

to find this was not a usual sort of thing, except at tiie 

first admission of a Freskmim whom 

duty to endeavour to make drunk, : 

.: < --nig is the giving four or fire Bumper 

which everyone must drink, as to the rest liilF^g A 

ma.n fiH, or pass the Bottle as he feels himself disposed. 

In large parties the number 

seldom goes beyond ten which 

but I am lucky enough to escape a guud deal of tins as 

my Tutor makes me come to C'J^JP Ifgaefe with him for an 

hour in the evening, unless I am going out any whtit, 

particular, in which case I send him word or tell him at 

my morning lecture, which is from nine till twerre. I 

have engrossed so much of my letter in the above accoomt 

that I have no room for other ne^ 

life upon the whole very much, oar routine is briefly 

as follows : 

" Phajq* at | before e%mt in the morning^ brcak- 
fast from past eight till nine, From that til 10 prepare 
my Lecture for my Tutor, stay with hmi fironm 10 t3ll3L 
Dine in HA.H at 3. There me evenimj pmjris at 5, but 
those who attend regularly in the m 
at least five times a week. Sappti m HaM at unless I 
am invited out. Ak thr^ ':. :. . 
locked, after wfcicli every 



1800] BOOK-COLLECTING 59 

piece of paper which is given to the Bishop of Chester, 
nothing is however said to you (unless you repeat l)jr> 
very often), if you come in before twelve, but those who 
enter after that hour receive a Satire of Juvenal, one of 
Virgil's Georgics, or something of that sort to write out 
for the improvement of their mind. So much for our 
mode of life at Alma Mater. I understand that Mr. 
Pitt's Speech is published, if this be the case pray frank 
me one down if it should not be too much trouble, & 
whenever you can send me anything new in this way, 
or (without committing diplomatic secrets) any news 
will be thankfully received. 

" Yours very affectionately, 
" EBRINGTON." 

From Hon. Richard Neville to Henry W. W. W. 

" ETON, February 25th. 

" DEAR HENRY, I have received your catalogue, 
which however was charged 55. 6d., but I have sent the 
cover to the Post Office stating your authority, so that 
I am most likely to recover it. 

" Upon examining the Lots there there were none on 
the first or second days' sales which I cared about which 
made me defer writing until today, I have marked some 
books and shall close with your offer of executing com- 
missions. Those marked in the enclosed list with x are 
for my father's new Library at A. E., but if you should 
get any others at the end of the sale, let Jeffrey send 
them to me here, but the crossed ones to Grosvenor 
Street. If you cannot at any time attend, Payne would 
do anything in the bidding way for me, but it is a bad 
way to give the Auctioneer commissions, as he always 
puts a book up at your highest price. 

" I have not heard from Ebrington since his arrival 
at Oxford, if you know how he goes on etc. let me know 
should you have time to write word what Lots are not 
down to me." 

The Same 

" Erox, March 9A. 

" I write to acknowledge your letter which reached 
me this morning, but was charged 3s. 4d. As I in vain 



60 OXFORD [CHAP, v 

endeavoured to recover 55. 4d. for the last, after having 
exchanged letters with the Inspector of francs, I thought 
I had better return you the covers that you may assert 
your privilege (if you have any) if not in future procure 
a franc from my uncle or send your parcels per Coach, 
otherwise I shall be ruined ; I enclose you Ebrington's 
letter which was very entertaining, as he has not yet 
condescended to answer a note in which I in vain 
reminded him of his promise. 

" I think Mill's books must have sold very dear by the 
specimens you sent, I thought I had a good chance of 
Tasso. I wish you would enquire of Jeffrey what he 
would allow me for a copy of Chamber's Dictionary, four 
Vols. boards uncut, provided I take the value in other 
books. I have just finished taking in this work, but as 
I have got Hall's Encyclopaedia I do not want both. 

" Should you know of any more Sales I should like a 
catalogue provided you are QUITE sureof yourauthority." 

From Lord Ebrington to Henry W. W. W. 

" OXFORD, March 24th, 1800. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, You must I fear have a bad 
opinion of my diligence & my gratitude in not having 
taken an earlier opportunity of thanking you for the 
Speeches, accompanied by Bulletins, which you have 
sent me ; it is however, as I told Dick in a letter which 
I wrote to him yesterday, better late than never, excuse 
therefore my negligence, & accept the tardy thanks so 
long since due to you. . . . You have I suppose heard 
from your Brother Charles (who came this circuit) that 
he found me very comfortably settled in very good rooms, 
in which he got an extremely bad breakfast. I lament 
much that I did not see him in his wig, etc., in Court, 
which sight I missed by going to the Nisi Prius instead 
of to the Criminal side. The Gaol was very full but only 
one man was capitally convicted, & him the Judge 
respited before he left town, two however are to amuse 
their friends & the Public, one by standing in the 
Pillory at Oxford & the other by being flagellated at the 
Cart's tail round Henley, but when these Sentences are 
to be executed I know not. I had a letter some time 



1800] LORD CLAIRE'S SPEECH 61 

since from Dick, 1 informing me of his arrival at Eton, 
under the evil influence of a grievous fit of the colic. 
I hope however that it will soon leave him as I know 
from experience the misery attending upon that 
disorder." 

From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" HEREFOBD, March 19th, 1800. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I am very much obliged to you 
for sending me Lord Clare's * Speech, which I think by 
far the most valuable & interesting publication upon 
Irish affairs that I have yet seen. Notwithstanding 
what I before knew of his intrepidity both personal & 
political, I am astonished that he should venture to 
speak so many home truths in an Irish House of Lords 
assembled in the Irish Metropolis. In one respect this 
Speech has worked an alteration in my opinion, & that 
is that whereas I was before perfectly satisfied with the 
terms of Union proposed in Ld. CastlereaghV Speech, 
I am now inclined to think that this country ought 
upon no account whatever to consent to the introduction 
of so many Irishmen into her legislature. 

" Watkin has behaved very shabbily to me in not 
sending me word how the fate of his Regiment has been 
decided, & when he is to be down in Wales. 

" In the Mysorean style, which I suppose is the most 
proper to use to you great Statesmen, ' Continue to 
gratify me with friendly letters.' " 

From Lord Ebrington to Henry W. W. W. 

" OXFOBD, November 9th, 1800. 

" DEAR HENRY, You are a shameful Fellow for not 
having yet executed my Commission about the Snuff, 

1 Hon. Richard Neville. 

* Ld. Clare, John Fitzgibbon, Att.-Gen. of Ireland 1784, Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland 1789, when he was raised to the Peerage as 
Baron Fitzgibbon. In 1795 he was created Earl of Clare. He died 
1802. 

s Ld. Castlereagh, born 1769. One of the pre-eminently leading 
statesmen of Europe at this time. He mar. 1794, Amelia Ann, dau. 
and co-h. of 2nd E. of Buckinghamshire. She died 1829. He suc- 
ceeded his father as 2nd Marq.^of Londonderry in 1822,fand died by 
his own hand a few months later while still holding the office of 
Foreign Secretary. His brother succeeded him in the title. 



62 PROMOTION [CHAP, v 

Pray send it down as soon as possible. . . . The Bishop 
& Mrs. C. arrived here on Wednesday ; the first act of 
his Lordship's administration here was to call a Bursary 
Meeting to forbid any one from having for breakfast 
above two pen'rth of Bread without a particular order 
from the Bursar. A piece of Bread bearing this price 
is about half as large again as those which are usually 
handed round at dinner, of which I could for Breakfast 
eat at least eight. If this terrible scarcity continues, 
Lord have mercy upon us. I am afraid however that 
other places are even worse off than this. . . . Permit 
me again to remind you about the Snuff, as its arrival is 
much wished for here by others besides, 

" Your very sincere, 

" EBRINGTON." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, Thursday, 1801. 

" With most heartfelt pleasure is it my beloved Henry 
that I hail you by your newly acquired Title in compari- 
son of which the appellation of Clerk is certainly as you 
say chetive. May each new year open to you prospects as 
pleasing as this does, & to give them the highest possible 
brilliancy may they continue to be the reward of your 
own good conduct & the pledge of the Affection & 
Approbation of your best friends. Your present Situa- 
tion has in it everything most gratifying to my Wishes 
& in no respect so much so, as the still closer bond & 
connection which it forms between you & your excellent 
Uncle, under whose eye & by whose invaluable example 
you are hourly forming yourself to everything estimable 
& truly laudable. How thankful do I feel to the 
Almighty my dearest for having given to you such dis- 
positions as leave me only to wish that you may persevere 
untainted by vice & folly as you are now. 

" You have been brought very fore ward, & have (I 
can with pride & truth say) fully justified by the steadi- 
ness of your conduct the partial confidence which has 
been placed in you, nor will I harbour a doubt or fear of 
the future's fully keeping pace in that respect with what 
is past. . . . 



1801] MR. PITT'S RESIGNATION 63 

" Adieu My dearest. Long may I continue to give 
to you the pleasurable sensation which your well-being & 
well-doing excite in the warm heart of your truly affec. 

" Mother, C. W. W. 

" N.B. Among other Advantages you are no longer, 
* Wynn of Lord Grenville's Office.' " 



From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, March 20tk, 

"... I have lately passed my hours of Society 
entirely at Assemblies where the remarks of ' how hot ! 
how full ! ' & now,' how black ' washed down with the 
rinsing of a Tea-pot & the squeezing of a musty lemon, 
is all the food to be had for body or mind. The Chan- 
cellor's * Resignation is the only one which now remains 
to be given in, & now wiseacres observe that, ' Thank 
God all the dear King's troubles & difficulties are at an 
end,' as if getting a good name or a new Steward were 
alike reasons for putting on one's Night-cap. The 
squables & ill humour of the Irish appear palpably to 
encrease every day & I doubt much whether disunion 
would not have brought us, from necessity, much nearer 
together than its nominal counterpart. I heard the 
other day a reason assigned for Mr. P.'s * having so 
hastily & so peremptorily insisted on bringing forward 
the Catholic Bill which seems to me the most plausible 
of any yet thrown out, which is that since the horrid 
Dr. Hussey J (titular Bishop of Cork) went over to Paris 

1 Ld. Loughborough. Mr. Pitt's Ld. Chan. 1783-1801, resigned 
in March and was succeeded by Ld. Eldon. Loughborough was 
created E. of Rosslyn. 

1 Mr. Pitt. The Ministry resigned on March 17th, 1801, on the 
Catholic Question. 

3 Dr. Thomas Hussey (1741-1803), a well-known Roman Catholic 
Bishop and a man of great general knowledge and savoir-faire. He was 
sent on a confidential mission to Spain, by the D. of Portland (1783), 
after the Spanish Government had joined with France in the war 
between this country and the American Colonies. Later, Pitt sought 
his good offices in checking disaffection among the Irish soldiers and 
militia. In 1797, in a pastoral letter, Hussey reminded the Catholics 
in Ireland that temporal rulers could exercise no rights in spiritual 
matters ; strong feeling was thus aroused, and the Pope granted Hussey 
leave of absence from his diocese, i In 1801 he was believed to be 
negotiating a concordat between Pius VII and Napoleon, 



64 MR. PITT'S RESIGNATION [CHAP, v 

he & Bonaparte have been very busy cooking up a new 
Galilean Church of which His Holiness is still to be titular 
Head, & his pious son Bonaparte the first of his Vicars. 
This is to give much more latitude to the true believers 
& is to be introduced at the point of the sword to all the 
happy fraternity Countries of the Continent. In such 
an arrangement Hussey would of course not omit putting 
in a good word for his old friends in Ireland, & the idea 
of this negotiation is supposed to have influenced Mr. P. 
to endeavour by some previous douceurs to the Catholics 
to keep them steady against Hussey's offers. It is said 
with a confidence which almost amounts to an assertion 
that on the 10th of Oct. Mr. P. gave a decided opinion in 
Council against Emancipation & on the 4th or 5th of 
January it is believed that he first urged the necessity 
of adopting measures precisely the Reverse. This is said 
to have been the cause of the first delay in assembling 
the Parliament & afterwards of the Adjournment from 
day to day of the King's Speech. After all the true key 
to this extraordinary political Enigma is still unfound, 
but Time both unravells & unlocks most things, & this 
will probably be among the rest. Lord Darnley notifies 
that his Motion today is to produce the longest debate 
ever known in the H. of Lords, how it may agree with 
their gentle natures I know not but I think it would 
irritate mine to pass eight or ten hours hearing declama- 
tions about a point of which the full force & bearing is 
known before a word is uttered, & which will, of course, 
leave it all just as it was in the beginning. ... I must 
quite in confidence own, that the old Eleanor blood in 
my veins is in a good deal of ferment at the Jointure, 
which makes, in my idea, such a maculate close to our 
immaculate career, but I am told it will only make a nine 
days Wonder, & will then sink into the overflowing 
Cauldron of Charms to which every political Hecate is 
kind enough to contribute. 

" I had a letter yesterday from Berlin of ye 7th inst. 
full of Consternation, at the accumulation of disasters 
which had just reached them. Lord C. 1 I fancy deter- 
mined, (as I was sure he would) against connecting him- 
self with the new firm for longer than is absolutely neces- 
1 Lord Carysfort. 



1801] THE ART OF LETTER-WRITING 65 

sary to bring to a close the business actually on the Anvil 
which it is supposed must be immediately brought to 
issue by the appearance of our Fleet x before Copenhagen, 
some say that the Dane has privately hinted that he 
only wants a respectable degree of Coertion to justify 
his submission, & that as soon as he receives a return 
of our numbers & weights of Metal he will make his 
lowest bow. All agree that the Swedes are the only 
people likely to fight. The bully Paul 2 is supposed to be 
incapable of making the least stand, provided the Winds 
will but let us get up to him. 

" My Sister * speaks of the surprise at the arrival of 
P. Adolphus 4 for whom they are of course obliged to 
make some extra exertion. She says he adores his Father, 
& is perfectly distracted at the idea of his illness, of which, 
from his abrupt departure from Hamburgh, he knows 
nothing more than he sees in the Newspapers." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" CASTLE HrLL, October l&th. 

" I return to you the two letters which you enclosed 
me this morning. Your answer to Lord Whitworth was, 
I think in substance, very proper, but less well worded 
than I could have wished, and indeed should have 
expected. You will see the word Treaty repeated twice 
in your first two lines, and ditto the word believe in your 
two last. The phrase ' to be sure ' is a very vulgar use 
on paper, and your dependance on the good opinion of 
your friends should have been expressed, as I am sure 
you feel it, more decisively than as ' your being a good 
deal governed by it.' You well know my dearest, the 
particular importance of your attending to your style, 
and therefore it is that my ever anxious solicitude for 
you rests so much on that subject. I always think that 
with the advantages which you have had of transcribing 
so many, and such well written letters, your own ought 

1 Battle of Copenhagen was in April 1801. 

Czar Paul I of Russia ; assassinated in April 1801. 
3 Lady Carysfort. 

* Prince Adolphus, afterwards Duke of Cambridge, 7th son of 
George III, 



66 THE ART OF LETTER-WRITING [CHAP, v 

to be better, and would be so if you took more pains 
about them. 

" With respect to the proposal itself I agree with you 
that the permanency of the Situation essentially affects 
the Eligibility of it. In point of income, I suppose it 
would be rather inferior to the Precis-ship, and in point 
of other advantages I hardly think enough would be 
found to compensate for your exile from home and the 
breaking into the course of study, which you are yourself 
so anxious to prosecute. 

" Give my love to my dear Chas. and warmest thanks 
for his most affectionate expressions l towards me. 
They are such as he has every reason to be proud of 
uttering, but had they been otherwise you may as well 
hint to him, that both they and the remarks in your two 
letters, with which his concluded, were sent without Seal 
or Wafer entirely at the mercy of the Postman and 
Master. What careless animals you are ! With this 
general Sarcasm, my dearest I conclude my letter which 
will, I hope, find you all in the height of the Holywell 
Gaieties." 

Henry was evidently not entirely satisfied with his 
billet, and in 1802, when Lord Whitworth was sent to 
represent the British interests at the Consular Court in 
Paris, he made an effort to obtain a position on his staff. 

1 His birthday letter. 



CHAPTER VI 

18021803 

THE year 1802 opened with an " unfinished Peace 
Treaty " between England and France. In the October 
of 1801 Lord Hawkesbury had signed the " Preliminaries 
of Peace." By the New Year suspicions and doubts 
as to the possibility of a definite Peace were gathering, 
not only on the other side of the English Channel, 
but amongst members of all political parties in the 
country. The Treaty of Amiens, however, was con- 
cluded on March 27th. 

So severely was the new Ministry criticised by Lord 
Grenville and his supporters in the House of Lords, and 
by Mr. Wyndham in the Commons, that Parliament 
dissolved very shortly after the Prorogation in June. 
The new Parliament did not assemble until November. 
Mr. Addington remained at the head of the Government. 

Charles took the opportunity of the autumn recess 
to visit Paris. 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother 

" HOTEL DE MABIQNY, PABIS, VEND., October 15th. 
" MY DEAR MOTHER, Immediately after writing to 
you on Monday we left Dieppe after having been 
detained till one o'clock by the delays of the Custom 
House respecting our baggage. In the meantime we saw 
the Church which struck me very much from the richness 
of its Gothic Architecture but which has since been 
completely effaced by the Cathedral & other Churches 
at Rouen to describe which any language must be in- 
adequate. We travelled in two Cabriolets one of them 

67 



68 IIOUEN [CHAP, vi 

exactly similar to an English Buggy, the other you may 
form a complete idea of from one of Mr. Bunbury's 
drawings. During the whole of our journey the roads 
have been extremely good & the slightest of English 
carriages might, I think travel along them with perfect 
security. We reached Rouen between nine & ten & 
remained there the whole of Tuesday. It was with great 
regret that we left it the next day, after having passed 
the principal part of Tuesday morning in the Cathedral 
& in the Church of St. Ouen. The burying place of 
Coeur de Lion & of the Regent Duke of Bedford would 
in itself be sufficiently interesting if it was not without 
exception the richest & most magnificent specimen of 
Gothic Architecture which I have ever yet seen or indeed 
that my mind is capable of conceiving. It has scarcely 
suffered in the course of the Revolution & the beautiful 
Monument of Cardinal George d'Amboise & of the 
Marechal de Brez6 I The latter is indeed au noirs from 
having been erected by Diana of Poictiers to her husband, 
her own figure is introduced weeping & the following is 
the Epitaph. 

" Hoc Lodoice tibi posuit Brezee sepulcrum 
Pictonis amisso maesta Diana viro 
Indivisa tibi quondam et fidissima conjux 
Ut fuit in thalamo sic erit in tumulo. 

" Perhaps the sight of this inscription might have 
suggested to Madame de Genlis her moral publication on 
the inconvenience to be apprehended by Ladies from 
making des Voeux te'me'raires. The Church of St. Ouen 
which is the lightest & most simple Gothic fabric that 
I ever saw is now converted into a Granary & the whole 
pavement is covered for two feet deep with corn, except 
in particular walks which are left to enable persons to 
get to the different parts of the Church. It some what 
resembles Westminster Abbey (though it is smaller) 
if you can conceive the latter stripped of its Monuments 
so as to leave an unbroken View from one end to the 
other. On Wednesday night we slept at St. Germains 
which is about twelve miles from here. In the morning 
we saw the Palace & proceeded here. We are very 
pleasantly situated & the more so as we have met with 



1802] PARIS 69 

Mackintosh l (the barrister, & author of Vindiciae 
Gallicae) in the same Hotel who being very well 
acquainted both with Mansfield a & myself has given 
us much curious information. I have hitherto enjoyed 
our expedition far beyond my warmest expectations. 
We have not met with a single contretemps except the 
being obliged in common good nature to admit a tire- 
some fellow barrister to be of our party from Dieppe to 
this place, but we are now rid of him & he has only 
served to make us the better pleased with our own party." 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother (from Paris) 

" Monday, October 18th, 1802. 

"As an opportunity now offers of sending a letter 
which will be put into the English post office by 
Charles Finch who leaves this place tomorrow I again 
take my pen. The first thing which rouses the indig- 
nation of an Englishman is the almost Asiatic pomp, 
splendour & luxury of the Government. The person 
at the head of it feels his power & rules with a rod of 
iron without the smallest attention to popularity. He 
seems upon every occasion to wish to mark his disdain. 
Several of the finest pictures in the public Galleries 
are already removed to the Thulliries, St. Cloud, 
& Malmaison. The account which you saw in the 
Newspapers of the conversation between Fox s & him, 
relative to Windham's * share in the infernal machine, 

1 Mackintosh, Sir James, 1765-1832, a philosopher and " litterateur." 
His book Vindiciae Gallicae, published in 1 791, was an answer to Edmund 
Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution. He was a member of 
literary societies, a friend of Fox and Sheridan, Pitt and Canning. 
His sympathies were Whig. In 1803 he accepted the Recordership 
of Bombay, but the climate affected his health, and he returned to 
England 1812. Subsequently he was given various small appointments 
at home. 

a Mansfield, probably Hon. Henry, afterwards General and K.C.B. ; 
born 1784; served in the Peninsula and at Waterloo; mar. 1810, 
Emily, dau. General de Visme. He died 1860. 

3 Charles James Fox, 2nd s. 1st Ld. Holland; born 1749; Foreign 
Secretary 1782 ; formed a Coalition Ministry with Ld. North 1783, 
of short duration. Was Foreign Secretary in Ld. Grenville's " Minis- 
try of All the Talents," 1806. He died in office 1807. 

* William Windham, 1750-1810, an eminent Whig statesman. 
Secretary at War 1794, and holding the same office with that of the 
Colonies in Ld. Grenville's Ministry 1806-7. 



70 PARIS [CHAP, vi 

is perfectly correct. You will be surprised to hear 
that the only two busts in his own sitting-room are 
English Fox & Sir Sidney Smith. Fox's conduct re- 
specting O'Connor has been entirely disapproved of 
even by his own party. That & his introduction of 
Madame Fox l have kept a great number of persons 
aloof from him, Macintosh described to me a curious 
group one night at Talleyrand's Assembly, consisting 
of Madame Talleyrand, Madame Fox, Lady Holland * 
& Lady Oxford.* The latter has been so extremely 
gross & glaring in her conduct with O'Connor that it is 
imagined she will find great difficulty in again getting 
into London Society. They actually went last Week 
together to a breakfast given by Madame Cabarenne, 4 
alias Talien alias [. . .] who having already two husbands, 
is living now with a third who has also another wife. In 
my road here I was very much struck with the fullness of 
every church every morning from about seven till eleven, 
but found the audience consisted solely of Women & old 
Men. Yesterday being Sunday went into two or three 
of the principal churches & found them all completely 
crowded with persons of all ages. Religion is indeed 
the fashion of the day. The First Consul & the Empress 
of the Gauls go in grand procession to Mass at St. Cloud 
& their subjects follow their example. Still however 
we passed yesterday, in a way which looked as unlike 
Sunday as one can easily conceive. At two we went to 
see a Balloon ascend from the Champs Elys6es which 
collected almost all Paris. After keeping us waiting 
near four hours, at last Citoyen Acard effected his ascen- 
sion, but the balloon not being sufficiently inflated he 
left his Parachute which had been exhibited in due form, 

1 Madame Fox, Elizabeth Bridget Armstead. Mr. Fox's marriage 
came as a surprise to his friends, though the lady was not unknown 
to have been his companion for some time. She died 1842. There 
were no children. 

1 Lady Holland, dau. of Richard Vassall ; she mar. 1797, 3rd Ld. 
Holland (she had mar. previously Sir Godfrey Webster, Bart.). She 
died 1845. 

3 Lady Oxford, Jane, dau. Rev. James Scott ; mar. Edward Harley, 
6th E. of Oxford, 1794. She died 1824. 

4 Madame Cabarenne, previously Comtesse de Fontenay, after- 
wards Madame de Tallien. Tallien obtained a divorce in 1802, and 
she mar. the Prince de Chimay. She was at one time the mistress of 
a rich banker Ouvrard. 



1802] PARIS 71 

behind him. After this we returned home to eat a 
hasty dinner & from thence to the Opera, & from thence 
to Frascati. The only point in which every body seems 
to unite is the detestation of the revolution. It is not as 
a subject of discussion but as if of general consent. Not 
a ruin is shewn but with ' Voila ce que c'est que la 
Revolution.' The openness with which royalist senti- 
ments are avowed & apparently even patronised by the 
Government is indeed astonishing. I was told by 
Macintosh of an Officer of the Etat Major shewing 
him a picture of Louis XVI at Versailles, ' Et voila le 
meilleur de nos Rois d'ont la bonte" fatale a boulverse"e 
1'Europe.' He also told me of a curious conversation 
which he had with Tallien, with whom he was before 
totally unacquainted. Being told that he talked very 
openly of the plans of his party in 1792, he asked him, 
M. ' Est il vrai Monsieur, que vous aviez eu le dessein 
d'e"gorger toute la famille royale le dix Aout ? ' T. ' Ah 
que oui, eertes.' M. ' Quoi ? femmes et enfants ? ' T. 
4 Certes. II n'y a eu que ce mis: de Roederer qui a voulu 
faire des distinctions et au fond causoit i\,i de 1'humanite' 
car cela auroit etc* fait pendant la confusion du combat 
pele mele, et on auroit epargne" a la France la disgrace du 
proces du roi, de la Reine, de Madame Elisabeth & le 
mort de cet malheureux enfant.' M. * Mais est il vrai 
Monsieur, que si Louis eut voulu rassembler tous les 
Suisses qui etoient Caserne's aux environs de Paris lors 
meme du matin du dix Aout, il auroit pu regagner son 
autorite" ? ' T. ' Oui Monsieur, moi qui vous paries, j'ai 
combattu cette journe"e la, et j'ai vu quand cette poigne"e 
de Suisses qui etoient dans les Thulleries avoit balaye"e 
toute la place du Carousel et ces Gens miserables qui on 
etait alors oblige d'appeller ' La peuple souveraine ' fuyoit 
partout, mais ce pauvre lache de roi craignoit donner 
des orders. II etoit brave, il ne craignoit pas le mort 
pourlui, mais c' etait un Couillion il craignoit, de repandre 
le sang de ce qu'il appelloit ' sa bon peuple,' ' les bons 
Fran9ais,' et toutes ces sottises et babourdise la.' 

"Is not this the eulogium of exalted virtues & humanity 
yelled out by the most detestable depravity ? Arrests 
are, I understand very frequent & not only of French- 
men. Still one cannot conceive how so much open 



72 PARIS [CHAP, vi 

royalism should be encouraged. The prints of Louis XVI 
& his family with stars of Martyrdom over their heads 
& his Will, & a head of the Princess de Lamballe are 
publicly exposed for sale in the Palais Royal. The other 
night I saw ' Adelaide du Guesclin ' which as you know 
is full of sentiments of loyalty to Kings etc., acted at the 
Theatre Fransais, only substituting ' Heros ' for 
* Bourbons ' in a good many places. Still there was a 
marked applause at ; ' Plaignez le, il vous offense, il a 
Iraki son roi.' At each of the Theatres the First Consul 
has two boxes one magnificently embroidered & orna- 
mented, as his public box, the other below grillte in which 
he cannot be distinguished. The report of the day is 
that since the dismission of Fouche it has been discovered 
that he was the author of the infernal machine. The 
present name by which Mr. Addington l is known here 
is ' Paimable minister de 1'Angleterre.' What a contrast 
between him & ' le Monstre Pitt, 1'enimie du genre 
humain MI" 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother 

" HOTEL DE MABIGNY, October 26th. 

" At length my dear Mother I think we have seen all 
the sights of Paris. Our usual good luck attended us 
in fixing Sunday for an excursion to Versailles, had we 
delayed it until to-day we should have been caught in 
a violent storm instead of having a delightful day of 
which the only inconvenience was that the sun was 
rather too powerful. Indeed with the exception of 
yesterday the weather ever since our arrival in this 
country has been so fine as to resemble May much more 
than October. The magnificence of Versailles far 
exceeded the utmost expectation which my imagina- 
tion could have formed. It has, however, been stripped 
of all its finest pictures which are replaced by those of 
the modern French school. Amongst others publicly 

1 Henry Addington, b. 1757; M.P. 1784; Speaker 1788; First 
Lord of the Treasury and Prime Minister 1801 ; Vise. Sidmouth 
1805. He held other important ministerial positions. He died 1844, 
having twice mar. ; 1st, Ursula, dau. and child of Leonard Hammond 
of Cheam (she died 1811) ; and 2ndly, in 1823, Marianne, widow of 
Thomas Townsend, and dau. of Ld. Stowell (she died 1843). 



1802] VISIT TO VERSAILLES 73 

hung up is a design for a Monument to Robergot & 
Bonnier with this inscription. ' Us furent egorges par 
des assassins gages par le gouvernment anglais ' ! I felt 
considerable satisfaction in seeing the cross, which but 
a week ago was replaced upon the top of the Chapel 
instead of the pike & cap of liberty. A more melancholy 
spectacle cannot be conceived than the grass grown 
courts & deserted Galleries. The man who conducted 
us over it, shewed us particularly every part of the 
Theatre of the transactions of the 8th Oct., the door 
through which the Queen escaped out of her bed-room, 
when the mob first rushed in. The balcony to which 
she came with the Dauphin, etc., etc. As you saw it 
in 1788 I will not attempt to describe to you the Opera 
house or any part of the building. We afterwards saw 
Trianon which disappointed me, indeed though built 
of Marble the weather has so entirely taken away the 
polish, that at a very small distance it has only the 
appearance of wood painted red and white in imitation 
of marble. Magnificent as the collection of paintings in 
the Louvre is, in some respects it would disappoint you. 
In a Gallery 350 yards in length filled on both sides with 
paintings, though those paintings are the finest in the 
world, the eye is distracted & the attention overpowered. 
The light entering from alternate windows upon each 
side is always dazzling & makes it difficult to take a 
proper view of any picture. Every person is, I think, 
most struck by the Statues than the pictures. The 
Apollo appears decidedly superior to every thing else & 
the Venus comes next. Of the Spectacles, Mansfield & 
Cunliffe 1 unite in prefering the Opera, not on account of 
the singing which they allow to be abominable, but of 
the dancing which though far superior to any which I ever 
saw, is yet to me extremely tiresome. The pleasure which 
I receive from the French Tragedies at first very much 
surprised me. I could not have believed it possible 
that any thing so decidedly contrary to every thing 
which I had been accustomed to, & every thing which I 
had hitherto imagined to be natural, could have so much 
interested & affected me. I do not think that I ever 

Probably Robert Cunliffe, afterwards 4th Bart., and brother-in- 
law to Charles. 



76 RUMOURED MARRIAGES [CHAP, vi 

I should like to know what the report can mean, I have 
written to Hart. G. 1 to try to find out. Lady G. F. con- 
gratulated me & seemed quite amazed at my denial. I 
had heard before that the Courtenays professed their 
Sister to be positively engaged. Mr. Manners told Lady 
Ct. that he had heard it from one of the family. It 
will be some difficulty to all of us to know exactly what 
line to take on this occasion, for tho' one should be sorry 
to encrease the probability of an event which one wishes 
against, either by confirming the report or by encouraging 
an Intimacy with the Lady. Yet at the same time, I 
must confess I should be still more sorry to appear 
unkind to one whom I feel quite persuaded will be my 
Sister. I wish he may not come over to fetch her in the 
Spring, for that reason I rejoice in his having the Dis- 
traction of so much society, in any other point of view 
one cannot think such a Colony of English an agreeable 
circumstance, but I hope his not being established will 
be a sufficient excuse for not incurring much expence. 
Certainly the less one talks about the Courtenays, the 
better, at all events, one may safely deny the Engage- 
ment, as it certainly was not made." 

1 Hon. Harriet Grimston, dau. of 3rd Vise. Grimston, and first cousin 
to the above. She and her sister Charlotte were very intimate friends 
of Fanny Williams Wynn, and many of their letters to her are pre- 
served in the collection of "Miss Fanny Williams Wynn's Letters " in 
the National Library for Wales, Aberystwyth. Harriet died unmar. 
1846, and her younger sister Charlotte also unmar. in 1831. 

a Lady Carysfort. 




HENRY WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN. 



John Jackson 



70] 



CHAPTER VII 

18041806 

LATE in 1803 Henry was given his first appointment in 
the Diplomatic Service, as representative of the Court 
of St. James's at the Court of the Elector of Saxony. He 
was just twenty. Europe was in a state of war. Napo- 
leon, obsessed by the idea of Power, was pushing forward 
his policy for the subjugation of the Continent, and had 
suddenly decreed that all Englishmen on French soil, 
between the ages of eighteen and sixty, should be held 
as prisoners. His secret emissaries in Ireland were 
arousing continued discontent, unrest, and disloyalty. 
The Treaty of Amiens had proved abortive. 

Henry took up his duties in Dresden in December 
1803. His letters during the succeeding three years give 
a vivid view of European politics. The domestic affairs 
in England were almost as turbulent as those of the 
Continent. The Catholic Question was hotly debated, 
the King's health was a cause of constant anxiety to his 
Ministers. Misappropriation of public funds, traffic 
in appointments in the highest circles, aroused deep 
and widespread suspicion, the social condition of the 
country was at a low ebb, money and labour alike 
were scarce. 

Charles's letters during these years sum up the home 
politics. 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, December 3rd, 1803. 

" I went thro' all my audiences & presentations last 
Sunday & I already begin to feel a little at home. I was 
a little annoyed when the folding doors were thrown 

77 



78 DRESDEN [CHAP, vn 

open, & discovered the Elector l standing at the further 
end of a great room ready to receive me. After having 
made my bow I advanced, however, and made a short 
speech, which tho', was longer than he expected, as he 
was much more embarassed in his reply than I was 
in addressing him. I afterwards had separate audiences 
of all the Princes & Princesses. I dine tomorrow at 
Court for the first time. 

" The Corps Diplomatique is pretty good here, but I 
am sorry that there is but one of them who is married, 
excepting him none of them ever give a party or an 
Assembly, & no Saxon thinks of opening his house. 
" The result of this is that as there is no ' point de 
reunion,' each nation keeps to itself, & there are parties 
of English, Russians, Poles, etc. Our society is as 
pleasant as any, but I mean to get out of it as soon as 
possible, as I do not come abroad to live entirely with 
30 of my countrymen. I met yesterday at Mr. Great- 
head's s an old lady who seemed delighted to see me, & 
asked after you & the whole family, her name is Madame 
Pintz ne'e Husband. She gave me a long account of 
Oswestry Races. She has a very extensive acquaint- 
ance among the Grandmothers and Great-Grandmothers 
of all the English here. 

" Mr. Greathead's captivity in France has certainly 
had a very good effect upon him as he is now as violent 
an Aristocrat as he was before a Democrat. He told 
me the other day that he had been one of those ' fools ' 
who thought that the French Revolution was to work 
wonders & to set any Government upon what he then 
thought the right footing, but that he now saw the 
madness & wickedness of such an idea, & had been 
awakened to a right sense of the excellence of the 
Government & Constitution of his own Country." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, January \Qth, 1804. 

" An unpleasant circumstance happened to me the 
other day in the house of a Russian Princess where I 

1 Frederick August I, Elector of Saxony, 1763 ; King 1806; died 
1827. 

1 Bertie Bertie-Greathead, of Guy's Cliff, s. of Samuel Greathead 
and Mary, dau. of 2nd D. of Ancaster, 



1804] AN UNPLEASANT INCIDENT 79 

was invited to sup. A French Emigre* e who is a kind of 
' dame de compagnie ' came up to & asked me if I had 
any news from Ireland. I of course said that everything 
was very quiet, upon which she said she was very sorry, 
as she should be ' au comble de la joie ' whenever the 
Rebellion succeeded, as it was the just efforts of a brave 
people to assert their rights against a nation which 
treated them like dogs. I did not deign to give her any 
answer & only said that it was ' des propos un peu 
singuliers a tenir a un Ministre d'Angleterre,' took up 
my hat & walked out of the house. All Dresden was 
in an uproar at her impudence. The Russian was 
excessively sorry for it, as she is a very civil woman, 
she made me several excuses which I told her were un- 
necessary as I was sure it did not come from her, but 
that certainly neither I or any of my countrymen could 
go into a house where we are liable to hear both our 
Country & ourselves insulted. 

" I am sorry for it as her house (with this exception) 
is certainly the best ' ton ' here." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" STOWE, January llth and 12th. 

" I had yesterday a letter from Dresden. He writes 
very comfortably in every respect. . . . 

" He talkes with great delight of the Elect.'s Library 
which he says is considered as complete in almost every 
Language & Science, & on which 500 pr. ann. is con- 
stantly expended, chiefly at present in English Books 
of History. ' Such a Collection of old English & French 
Chronicles & such beautiful illegible Worm-eaten black 
Letter that if Charles was once to put his foot in it, 
no human power would ever drag him out.' The 
Library is open at all times & any books may be taken 
away by people of name & Credit. This will be an 
inexhaustible fund of amusement as well as profit to 
our young Minister & is matter therefore of great delight 
to me. I suppose Fanny communicated to you the 
very gratifying reports which had reached me through 
a third hand of his de"but at Dresden which has given an 
impression of sober-minded discretion & tact the more 



80 A PARTY AT STOWE [CHAP, vir 

striking perhaps from its not being exactly ' the promise 
of his face.' He is a good fellow as ever was born, & so 
long as he will follow the dictates of his own head & 
heart he will never, I trust, with the blessing of the 
Almighty, materially err. 

" We have been here an immense party of men, women, 
& children to the amount of 35 to 40 every day, & con- 
sisting chiefly of parente Grenville & Nugent. Your 
dear Uncle l is as usual full of kindness to all his numerous 
Nephews & Nieces both absent & present, & never fails 
to drink the health of my ' three excellent boys ' as his 
first Toast. 

" They are all flattering themselves that something 
like this long expected political Crisis must be drawing 
near. Fox I fancy bends more & more every day to 
Opposition & that seems to leave Pitt no Option but to 
come forward himself or run the chance of the Doctor's * 
throwing up the Game into Fox's hands which he must 
of necessity try en dernier ressort. 

" We heard, the other day a simile for our medical 
Premier which I thought had merit, comparing him to 
the Monkey on the House-ridge dancing a child, who you 
dare not pelt, lest he should drop the Babe." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" DHESDEN, February IQth, 1804. 

" MY DEAR FANNY, I have to thank you for your 
kind letter of the 16th ult. which I received the day 
before yesterday, just as I was setting out for the grand 
fete of Mardi Gras arrayed from head to foot in white 
silk. We drew for partners, the Sunday before I was 
very lucky as an -old Minister's wife of 60 years old, 
fell to my lot. She gave me no further trouble than that 
of playing a game of whist with her, & of sitting near 
her at Supper. Agar had the happiness (or as I should 
have reckoned it the misfortune) to draw one of the 
Princesses. He was obliged to be at Court at J before 4, 

1 Marquess of Buckingham. 

A reference to Mr. Addington, the Premier, afterwards 1st Vine. 
Sidmouth. He was given the nickname of " the Doctor " about thia 
time, on account pf his father having been in the medical profession. 



1804] DRESDEN 81 

nor did he get home till J after 7 the next morning, 
finishing withall with a German dance which lasts three 
hours. It is a good proof of the salubrity of Dresden 
that the Elector & Electress and the other Princes & 
Princesses (some of whom are near 60) dance the whole 
night without any intermission excepting that of Supper. 
The Elector & Electress changed twice their sets of 
Diamonds the one more beautiful & magnificent than 
the other. The Supper was a very fine sight, the plates 
etc. silver gilt & the spoons and forks solid gold, served 
by the Foot-guards. The Fete altogether was certainly 
very well worth seeing, and the Silk dominoes, waistcoats, 
etc. tho ' very ridiculous did not look at all ugly, when 
two or three hundred were together, the heat was quite 
suffocating as the gentlemen's hats were trimmed with 
feathers, & no one was allowed to appear uncovered. I 
cannot think how the Elector supports it, as his hat on 
account of the immense quantity of diamonds is heavier 
than any helmet I ever felt." 

The Same 

" DRESDEN, March 28th, 1804. 

" The Peploes and Greatheads are in great tribulation, 
as all their hopes to be permitted to go to England seem to 
have been put an end to by the discovery of Pichegrus and 
Georges conspiracy. The French Minister here who has 
behaved very well to them and who made the application 
for them, received a dispatch yesterday, from Berthier l 
the Minister of War, saying that he did not dare to speak 
to the First Consul on the subject of the English Prisoners 
and that he was to veiller a leur retour quand leur conge 
sera epuis. I can fancy no situation so perplexing than 
that in which they now find themselves. I should not 
conceive that the parole which was unjustly forced from 
them would be binding, but in the present state of things, 
such a violation might expose their country-men in 
France to greater misery than they now endure. What 
is their prospect on the other hand, a long tedious and 
unjust captivity, under a madman who considers them 

1 Louis Alexander Berthier, Marshal of France; born 1753; Min- 
ister of War. He died 1815, 



82 DRESDEN [CHAP, vii 

as hostages in his hands of which he will take advantage, 
in any future rebellion in Ireland, by declaring that he 
would put one of them to death for every Irish rebel 
who may be executed. I have often fancied myself in 
their situation & found it utterly impossible to make 
any decision. I have a great respect for my duty towards 
my neighbour, but there are cases, and I own that I 
think this is one of them, in which some respect ought to 
be paid to Ego. They have made another application 
for leave to stay in Germany which I hope may be 
successful. If the Question comes to go to England or 
France, I think they have partly determined (entre 
nous] to cut and run. I look forward with Horror to 
the day of their departure as those two houses are the 
only places where I spend a pleasant evening. I am 
sorry to live so much in an English set, but it is that or 
nothing as living with Saxons is out of the question, 
besides they are never visible excepting on Sunday, 
when they put on their clean shirt for the week in honour 
of the Elector, and in the evening the Ministers' wives 
light up a couple of Wax Ends, luckily it is now light at 
4 o'clock, they are therefore saved the expence." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, May 31, 1804. 

" I received by last post the official notification from 
Ld. Harrowby l of his appointment. I am very anxious 
to hear whom he will name as his Under Secretaries. I 
own that I expected three weeks ago that I should have 
to address my official correspondence to Ld. Grenville. 

" I am very sorry that there will be so strong an 
opposition, as it will have a very bad effect on this side 
of the water, where they have a mistaken idea that no 
Government can adopt decisive measures as long as they 
are opposed by a strong party. 

" Yesterday we received the account of the late 
changes in the Government of France. I rather look 
upon this piece of vanity on the part of the First Consul * 

1 Dudley Ryder, 2nd Baron, 1st E. ; Foreign Sec. 1804-5 ; Ambas- 
sador to Berlin 1805; President of India Board 1809; Ld. Pros, of 
the Council 1812-27 ; died '184 7. 

* Bonaparte declared Emperor. 



1804J DRESDEN 83 

as advantageous to our cause, as by his elevation he 
can not acquire any more, & may acquire some un- 
popularity, & in addition to this if there ever should be 
a prospect of the re-establishment of the Bourbons, it 
will be an advantage for them to find a throne already 
established : it will also lead to very great expense, 
which in the present state of the finances of France she 
cannot very well afford." 

The Same 

" DRESDEN, July 19th, 1804. 

" I was very much surprised at your saying in your 
letter of the 29th that my increase of Salary was not 
certain. I have always considered it so since the arrival 
of Pierrepont, 1 & the receipt of a letter from Charles, in 
which he said that he had seen both Hammond & 
Arbuthnot who had told him that it actually commenced 
from the 1st of last Jany. I do not know what I shall 
do if there is a hitch respecting the double pay, as I will 
defy the best manager in Europe to live here with 1,900. 
When Ld. Henley E was here everything was two-thirds 
cheaper, he was ruined till he had the double pay ; & 
yet no man looked more narrowly into his affairs than 
he did, & even saw every Pound of meat which came 
into his house, weighed before him." 

The Same 

" DRESDEN, August lih, 1804. 

" The [Swedish] Minister is most excessively pleased 
with his King. 1 Though he is a little crazy, he is cer- 
tainly the only sovereign who dares openly to avow his 
sentiments & his detestation of the French. It is now 
reported that he will return to Sweden in a month's time, 
but I fear that that event is not as certain as could be 
wished. There certainly exists a very strong party 

1 Philip Pierrepont (see previous note). 

1 Morton Eden, 1st Baron Henley, youngest s. of Sir Robert 
Eden, Bart. ; a distinguished diplomat, accredited to different courts 
of Europe 1776-9. He mar. 1783, Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Henley, 
1st E. of Worthington, and eventual h. to her brother the 2nd Earl. 
Ld. Henley died 1830. 

3 King Gustavus IV. 



84 DRESDEN [CHAP, vii 

against him in Sweden, but the only way to subdue it 
is to face it, every moment that he is out of his country 
that unpopularity increases. There were several 
Emigres at Peplitz who had escaped from Ettenheim at 
the time of the arrestation of the Duke d'Enghien, 1 to 
whom he was particularly civil. He spoke to me for 
near three quarters of an hour. I forget if I mentioned 
in one of my former letters that his great favourite who 
never quits him is the Duke d'Enghien's dog, on his 
collar is engraved ' J'appartenois au malheureux Due 
d'Engheim." How much is it to be lamented that the 
more powerful sovereigns of Europe are not actuated by 
the same noble sentiments." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" DRESDEN, September 6th, 1804. 

" I hope I need not assure you, my dearest Fanny, 
what pleasure I received on the receipt of your letter 
from Stowe. ... I must bore you again with a subject 
of which I am sure that the whole family must be heartily 
tired, I mean my horses, which according to a letter 
from Charles sailed on the 16th July, but of which, 
further than that I have not heard a single word. I 
really begin to be afraid that they are either taken or 
at the bottom of the sea. The Horse ship which sailed 
from Hull is arrived, but brings no tidings of my poor 
beasts. I hope that Grivel * will be returned here in a 
week's time, and he may possibly have some information 
of them. 

" You will easily conceive at what a low ebb the con- 
versation of Dresden is, when I tell you that the general 
topic is the execution of a poor woman which took place 
last week. It is the only one that has taken place at 
Dresden for fourteen years, you must not however, think 
from this, that the Saxons are more righteous than the 
rest of the world, but luckily for the rascals and villains, 

1 Louis de Bourbon, Due d'Enghien (1772-1804) ; s. of the 
Prince de Cond6 and Louise Th6rese d' Orleans. He was said to have 
married secretly, Charlotte de Rohan Rochfort. He was arrested by 
the orders of Napoleon, and shot in the trenches of the Chateau de 
Vincennea. 

: Henry's servant. 



1804] AN EXECUTION 85 

housebreaking and stealing are not punished by death, 
and what is singular a man who in defence of his own 
property, happens to kill the intruder, is guilty of a 
capital crime. Another reason for the infrequency of 
executions is a false clemency on the part of the Elector, 
who can hardly ever be brought to sign a death warrant. 
It is reported that even in the present instance he refused, 
but at length, after consulting with his Confessor, he 
consented to sign a Paper empowering Prince Anthony 
(his brother) to sign the warrant itself. The difference 
seems rather nice ! The greatest form was observed 
during the whole of the ceremony, which at least has the 
good effect of striking more horror into the minds of 
the people. I had not the curiosity to be present at 
the execution, but more than 13,000 men (near half the 
inhabitants of Dresden) were of a different opinion and 
went out. The only difference from an English execu- 
tion was that the Lady was beheaded jnstead of being 
hanged. It must require a rather expert Executioner 
as she is placed on a Chair and her head is cut off with a 
large sword, by a horizontal slice." 



From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, October 4=th, 1804. 

" I am now made very happy by a visit from Brook 
Taylor. 1 He wishes to get a better Mission, but I fear 
that in the present state of the Continent Ld. Harrowby 
with the best dispositions to serve him cannot offer him 
any other situation. 

" I have often thought how very fortunate I was 
that Dresden fell to my lot in preference to Stutgardt. 
The circumstance of being driven away from a Court 
would not have been a very good ' entree ' into the 
diplomatic line. Nothing can be more central than 
Dresden, & from the number of strangers who are con- 
stantly passing backwards & forwards it is very properly 
styled ' le corridor de PEurope.' I consider myself as 

Sir Brook Taylor, b. 1776; Min. Plen. to the Elector of 
Cologne 1801 ; to the King of Wiirtemberg 1814; G.C.H. and Min. 
Plen. to Berlin 1828 ; died 1846. 



86 DRESDEN [CHAP, vii 

settled here for four or five years, & (excepting an applica- 
tion in about two years for 7 or 8 months leave of 
absence) I shall not ask a single favour of the Secretary 
of State. 

" Elliot does nothing but sigh for Dresden, & walks 
into the puddles at Naples in order to put him in mind 
of the delightful dirty streets of this place." 

" DBESDEN, December Qth, 1804. 

" Though I increased my establishment considerably 
on the increase of my pay, I do not believe that I have 
done it more than is necessary for a Minister as I am. 
I am sure I shall make two ends meet. As I pay all my 
house bills weekly, & my servants wages & other expenccs 
monthly I am able to form some scale of expence, & I 
generally find that I spend 200 per month which leaves 
me above 400 for extras which I cannot foresee. A 
German Minister will with half the expence appear to 
keep quite as good a house as I do ; but their object is 
show & not comfort. They give a very magnificent 
supper to a party of 50 people, but the Minister & his 
Family live for a fortnight on the scraps remaining, & 
when they are consumed, another supper is given the 
remains of which last quite as long. As these arrange- 
ments do not agree with the ideas of an Englishman, his 
menage costs him of course twice as much. I always 
have such a dinner that I can, without giving any further 
orders, invite one or two persons whom I may meet in 
my morning walk." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRKSDEN, March 2\8t, 1805. 

" The Mission at Dresden does not afford many oppor- 
tunities of showing marks of temperate good sense. All 
I have to do here is to endeavour to animate my friends 
against the demands & encroachments of the French 
Minister, & I generally have the mortification of finding 
myself perfectly unsuccessful. It is difficult to persuade 
when you have opposed to you so powerful a reasoner 
as Terror. I always tell Pierrepont that tho' I think 
this place more pleasant than Stockholm I envy him the 



1805] DRESDEN 8? 

good fortune to be accredited to a Prince who understands 
his interests better than to debase himself by a sub- 
missive acquiescence in every extravagant demand of 
the French Government. Whatever Russia may do, the 
King of Sweden will always have the merit of having been 
the first Sovereign on the Continent who dared openly 
to declare his hostility to Buonaparte & his indignation 
at the several outrages which have been committed. 
What is most provoking is that all the Princes of Germany 
know their danger, & are convinced that sooner or later 
it will be their turn to be attacked, but such apathy 
exists in their Councils that they will not take any 
measures to prevent their annihilation, which is not 
distant. So much for Politics.'? 



From Henry W. W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" DBESDEH, March 28th, 1806. 

" My English Colony is, I am happy to say, rapidly 
decreasing. The generality of English Travellers are 
such blackguards that I was rather pleased with the 
arrival of a Mr. Walpole * the Grand-son of Lord 
Walpole z who is much more comme il jaut than the rest, 
he also appears to more advantage as he talks French 
tolerably well, which few of my countrymen do. They 
generally come here to learn, but go away as ignorant 
as they came. In the Book-making line we are strong 
as we have no less than four who have actually appeared 
in a title Page, and several who aspire to that honour. 
There is a clergyman here (Chaplain to H.R.H. the 
Prince of Wales) who offered to do Service at my house 
if I would provide him with a Prayer Book and Bible, 
which he had left in England as he came abroad as light 

1 Mr. Walpole, probably John, 4th a. of Horatio, afterwards 2nd 
E. of Orford. Born 1787. A Lieut.-Col. in the Army, and a diplo- 
mat. He died 1859. 

8 Ld. Walpole, 4th Baron ; born 1723; succeeded to the Barony of 
Walpole on the death of his first cousin, the 4th and last (of the 1st 
creation) E. of Orford. He was created E. of Orford in 1806. He 
died 1809. 



88 DRESDEN [CHAP, vii 

as possible. N.B. The Revd. Gentleman has a Wife 
and two daughters of 13 & 14." 



From Henry" W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, June 13th, 1805. 
t 

" I should consider myself as little deserving all the 
kindnesses, & marks of affection which I have received 
from you, & particularly on a late occasion, if I lost any 
time in communicating to you the contents of a letter 
which I received by the last Post from Louisa com- 
plaining of my ' not answering any of her letters, & 
telling me that if I had returned at the time when I 
promised on leaving Devonshire, I should have found 
her in the same dispositions as when I left her, that as 
two years are now elapsed I can not blame her if she 
wishes to be disengaged, particularly as I had often told 
her that if she should change her opinion my regard 
for her would not be diminished.' Whatever sensations 
I might at first have felt, I cannot now but be pleased 
at the breaking off of a connection which was so dis- 
agreeable to you & my other friends. I think it seems 
by her letter that someone else has proposed to 
her. I hope it is not Ld. Edward Somerset, 1 & 
that she will have someone more capable to make her 
happy. 

" I see in the Papers Ld. Temple's l advertisement 
respecting a fire which must have taken place in his 
house, I have not however seen any ace. of it. I am 
anxious to see the last Edin. Rev., as I see in the advert, 
that in it, is contained the review of a book written by 
a man here, Bargellin's History of Malta, & translated 
by an old Lady who plagues me to death, a Mrs. 
Lutwyche." 

1 Ld. Edward Somerset mar. October 1805, Hon. Louisa Courtenay, 
13th dau. of 2nd Vise. Courtenay. She was born 1781, and died 
1822. 

* Richard, Ld. Temple, B. of 1st Marq. of Buckingham, afterwards 
2nd Marq. and 1st Duke; b. 1776; mar. 1796, Anne Eliza Brydges, 
dau. and co-h. of 3rd Duke of Chandos. She died 1836. He succeeded 
his father in 1813; was created 1st Duke in 1822. He died 1839. 



1805] ACTION OFF FINISTERRE 89 

The Same 

" DRESDEN, August 15th, 1805. 

"I congratulate you on Sir R. 'Calder's 1 success, I 
trust that it is only the Avant Coureur of something more 
decisive, it seems to have been a very gallant action as 
the force was so much superior, I only wish that the 
ships had been French instead of Spanish, as I cannot 
help pitying Spain who was entirely drawn into the 
War by France, & who is now as much under Bonaparte's 
ferule as Holland or Switzerland. I do not rejoice so 
much at the acquisition of two Ships, as that it will put 
an end to all their boastings respecting this famous 
Fleet. The news has had a very good effect here, & all 
over Germany as they began to think that the French 
Navy was now equal in discipline to ours. 

"Count [illegible] & his wife seem very good sort of 
people & likely to add to the agreement of this place, we 
are however all eclipsed by the Frenchman who was first 
Clerk in Talleyrand's * office to some purpose, & comes 
here with a pocket full of money & determined to spend 
it, au reste, he seems a quiet man, & I do not think that 
we shall annoy one another in the very little intercourse 
which is likely to take place between us." 



The Same 

" DRESDEN, October 3rd, 1805. 

" I must begin by expressing my gratitude (to my 
dearest Mother) for her kindness in not discontinuing to 
mention any omission on my part which she may 

1 Sir Robert Calder, born 1745; entered the Navy 1859; took 
part in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent; saw Service in the West 
Indies; in 1805 joined the Brest Fleet under Admiral Cornwallis. 
His conduct on July 23rd-24th, 1805, when engaged against Villeneuve, 
was severely censured at a court-martial in December of the same 
year, when he was found guilty of an error of judgment in allowing 
the enemy fleet to slip away, without showing fight. This was the 
end of his active service. He rose by seniority to the rank of Admiral. 
He died 1818. The action off Finisterre, an indecisive naval battle 
in which the Spaniards, allies of the French, lost two ships, the French 
none. Calder had eighteen ships, the French twenty-seven. 

* Talleyrand, Charles Maurice, Prince de (1754-1838), Minister of 
Foreign Affairs and one-time Ambassador in England. 



90 OUTBREAK OF HOSTILITIES [CHAP, vn 

think will be disadvantageous to me, such as the habit 
of writing fast which has gained upon me, in an imper- 
ceptible & unaccountable manner. I feel that at 22, I 
have quite as much need of her advice as I had at 15, & 
I trust that I am now able to estimate it at a higher rate. 
Hitherto we have always expected news from Eng- 
land, but it now seems that the balance is turned, & it 
is your turn to expect something from us. 

" Hostilities have not yet begun, but the accounts 
may be received by every Post, we today heard that the 
French intend to take possession of Wurtzburg, where 
the Elector of Bavaria at present resides, the Austrians 
have the same intention, & as they are nearer, I hope 
there is not the least danger of their being ' devance.' 
I need not pretend to any ministerial importance, & 
reserve, as with the exception of a little information 
which I am now & then able to transmit, I am sorry to 
say that I have but little to do here. I am luckily on 
very good terms, & in correspondence with both my 
colleagues at Vienna & Berlin & as they are not the best 
friends ' entre eux ' my correspondence is of import- 
ance to them both as I am the ' mezzo termini.' " 



From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DBESDEN, October 12th, 1806. 

" The news which I have to send you from this side 
of the water is not of the most pleasant nature ; nothing 
of importance, however, has yet occurred, but in the 
present moment, in my acceptation of the word, every- 
thing that is not good is bad news. The Austrians l 
have received two or three slight checks, which though 
they have no weight on the main question, will tend to 
discourage the Army. Had not the Austrians fought 
as bravely as they have, the disadvantage would have 
been much greater, owing to the great superiority of the 
enemy. No Battle has taken place since the Russians 
joined the Austrians. The source of the reverses we have 
sustained arose from the false reliance that Bonaparte 
would respect the Prussian Territory. If the Prussians 

1 On October 19th the Austrian Army capitulated at Ulm. 



1805] OUTBREAK OF HOSTILITIES 91 

came forward * de bonne foi et de bon coeur ' that cir- 
cumstance may turn to our advantage. If any thing 
of importance occurs here, I should certainly not wish 
to leave this place, but of that at present there seems so 
little chance that there can be no impropriety in my 
applying for leave of absence." 

The Same 

" DBESDEK, November 6th, 1805. 

" I have been but a bad correspondent of late, but 
really all the misfortunes which have occurred within 
the last fortnight take away all the pleasure of writing 
even Private letters, as one must touch upon a subject 
which is so very disagreeable. The disaster has been 
very great but I am happy to find that no one considers 
it as decisive, & that the most laudable resolution exists 
at Vienna, not to hear of anything like negociation, & 
rather to lose the whole jor the whole. The Emperor of 
Russia l has at length left Berlin after having remained 
there much longer than he intended, & I believe that 
it was more the charms of the Queen of Prussia * than 
business which detained him, as all what was done was 
done the first two days. He arrives here the day after 
to-morrow on Sunday, but only stays here one night or 
at furthest two, & then proceeds to Vienna. I fear 
that some of our Troops are now on the water, & that 
they will have met with all the Equinoctial gales. If 
they are coming to Hanover, they will find every thing 
ready for their reception, as with the exception of one 
Fortress, the French have abandoned the country, & the 
* ancien regime ' has been established throughout the 
Electorate. An English Minister ought not to make 
such an avowal, but I own that I do not receive so much 
satisfaction from the evacuation of Hanover as some 
people do, & I am sorry that the Hanoverians who have 
behaved so very ill should be the only persons who gain 
by the present posture of affairs." 

1 Emperor Alexander. 

8 Queen Louise, dau, of Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- Strelitz. She 
died 1810. 



92 BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR [CHAP, vn 

From Henry W. W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" DRESDEN, November 2lst, 1805. 

" We yesterday received the accounts of our victory 
in the Mediterranean, * which will be some little counter- 
poise to our severe disasters on the Continent. I 
regret Lord Nelson extremely for the Countrys sake, 
but for his own, one ought to rejoice, as so brilliant a 
career as his has been, could not have been ended in a 
more glorious manner. Fortunately the affairs of the 
Continent will not long go on as they now do, otherwise 
the French would be here in a fortnight's time. The 
abandoning Vienna so soon, seems only to have been 
reculer pour mieux sauter, but they must take a very long 
jump to recover what they have lost. Every one is de- 
lighted with the Emperor of Russia who certainly seems a 
most amiable Prince. He only staid here two days, and 
as he would not see the Corps Diplomatic, I was not pre- 
sented to him. His journey has been, and will be still, 
productive of the best consequences, and nothing but 
that would have decided Prussia. What a happiness 
it must be for such a country as Russia which is under 
the despotic control of its Sovereign, to be so governed 
by such a Prince, & they must feel it the more after such 
a reign as Paul's. 

" Dresden is completely over run with English and 
Strangers of all Nations who have emigrated from the 
South of Germany." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DKESDEN, December 9th, 1805. 

" We are still without any news from the Head 
Quarters of the Austro-Russian Armies. I mean of 
any Engagement. The French are retreating, but only 
step by step. The Emperor of Russia certainly goes 
* en bon jeu bon argent.' The moment he arrived at 
Olmutz he sent off for another army of 120,000 men. 
Bonaparte applied for an armistice of six weeks, he 
replied ' Pas meme pour six heures.' ' 

1 October 21st, Battle of Trafalgar. 



1806] BATTLE OF AUSTERLITZ 93 

The Same 

11 DBESDEN, January Qth, 1806. 

" You find fault with me for not taking all the joy & 
pride which I ought on the Trafalgar Victory. No one 
could rejoice more at it than I did at the time, but it was 
so soon followed by the disasterous accounts from 
Austerlitz l which so paralysed us that perhaps in 
lamenting over the bad, I may have omitted expressing 
my joy at the good. My pleasure in reading the English 
Papers has been greatly diminished by their obstinacy 
in supporting that the Allies gained a decisive battle 
on the 24th. You may easily suppose how disagreeable 
it must be to read long descriptions respecting the 
favourable effects of that victory when we know that 
the effects of the defeat have been the retreat of the 
Emperor of Russia, the signature of a more calamitous 
Peace than was, I suppose, ever signed. The experience 
gained in this Campaign is in many respects disagreeable, 
but in none more so than in the certainty which we have 
acquired that the Russian Troops cannot contend with 
those of France. Men against men the Russian are 
certainly superior, but how can you expect them to 
have anything like officers when no man of rank will 
enter into the Army under the rank of a Major, & that 
it is not an uncommon thing for a person to return 
Major-General after the first Campaign. This was the 
case with their best officer, who has distinguished him- 
self the most in the last Campaign, Prince Bagatrin ' 
(called by the English Papers Pangratien) who went 
out with Suwarrow as Captain & returned Major-General. 
Nothing can be more brave than the Russian troops, 
but that is of little avail if they are not well led. Of 
the Austrians the less said the better, officers, men, etc. 
were equally bad. 

" I am sorry for Sir R. Calder as I think that the 
sentence of the Court Martial is rather severe for an Error 
of Judgment, but I hope that it will have a good effect 
on the Continent, & among the Austrian Generals, who 

1 Austerlitz, December 2nd, 1805. 

1 Prince Bagration, borni!765; served under Suwarrow 1794-9; 
was wounded at Borodino 1812. Died 1812, 



94 MR. PITT'S FAILING HEALTH [CHAP, vn 

have hitherto come off with impunity, when they hear 
of a commanding officer being reprimanded after having 
gained a Victory with an immense disparity of force. 
Every thing is quiet for the moment, but will not remain 
so long if the King of Prussia 1 holds out good in his 
detirmination to oppose the French Troops entering 
Hanover. A Division left Vienna on the 7th, so that 
the question must now be decided." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DBESDEN, February 6th, 1806. 

" We are now completely in the clutches of Frost & 
Snow & I fear that the communication will be interrupted. 
This comes at a very unpleasant moment as we are 
naturally very anxious to have some intelligence of the 
state of Mr. Pitt's health, 1 & of what is going on in 
Parliament. Our latest accounts are of the 21st. I 
cannot express to you how much effect has been created 
on the Continent by the accounts of Mr. Pitt's illness, 
& it is the greatest proof of his reputation. The same 
persons who assert that all our desasters took their 
rise in Austria having been hurried into the War by our 
Ministery, & consequently that the loss of the Continent 
may be laid at Mr. Pitt's door, do not deny that his 
death would be the greatest triumph to Bonaparte 
& express their conviction that Bonaparte considers him 
as dangerous an Antagonist in the Cabinet as Ld. Nelson 
was at sea. Though I mention what the Austrians say 
I am far from being of this opinion on the first point, 
as I believe that England did every thing that was 
possible ; Austria was by no means hurried into the 
War, every preparation was made, every Magazine was 
full : if they ran away in 1805, I really do not see much 
probability that they would have fought in 1806, whereas 
France was increasing her means of attack every day & 
every hour. 

" I may be talking treason to the Grenvillcs, but I 
really think that Ministery had great merit in bringing 
about such a coalition that at three different epochs we 

1 King Frederick William. 

1 Mr. Pitt's health had been failing all through the autumn and 
winter of 1805. He died at Putney on January 23rd, 1806. 




LOBD GRENVILLE 



94] 



1806] LORD GRENVILLE'S ADMINISTRATION 95 

had, or might have had the fairest prospects of success. 
Before the capitulation of Ulm, afterwards, & even after 
the Battle of Austerlitz, if the Emperor had not made 
that ignominious Peace. 1 The great fault seems to have 
been in the Allies having attacked on the 2nd. They 
pretend that they could not preserve their former posi- 
tion on account of want of provisions, but that was by 
no means the case. They were certainly rather pressed, 
but not more so than the French, & if they had waited 
they would have certainly been joined by the Prussians 
on the 13th." 

The Same 

" DBESDEN, February 20th, 1806. 

" We have as yet no official accounts, but that in the 
News papers of the 4th seems pretty correct. I really 
believe that my joy at seeing Ld. Grenville at the Head 
of the Administration is not greater than that of all well 
disposed Continental Politicians who consider him as the 
only man capable of replacing Mr. Pitt. The ignorance 
of the Germans respecting every thing that is going on 
in England can only be equalled by our ignorance of 
German affairs, & that I assure you is saying a great deal." 

Lord Grenville accepted office in January 1806, and 
formed the " Ministry of All the Talents." Fox led the 
Commons, holding the portfolio of Foreign Secretary- 
His influence in the Cabinet was in favour of opening 
negotiations with the Continental Powers, in the hopes 
of discovering some common ground on which the Peace 
of Europe could be established. His hopes proved 
futile, and with his death in the September of the same 
year, further diplomatic intercourse with the hostile 
Powers was recognised as impossible. 

On October 21st Lord Ho wick, who had succeeded 
Mr. Fox as Foreign Secretary, formally announced the 
rupture of negotiations between France and England, 
which at once led to the outbreak of hostilities. 

1 Treaties of Schonbrunn (December 10th) and of Presburg (Decem- 
ber 26th, 1805). 



96 CONDITION OF EUROPE [CHAP, vn 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, March 13th, 1806. 

" The partition of the Cabinet l astonished me as 
much as it seems to have done you. I trust that 
they will remain united, & I think " quant a nous," we 
have not anything to fear. As for the Continent all is 
lost, we must no longer look forward to alliances, but, 
as a person said to me a few days ago, we must in time 
hope to be the Jacobins of Europe, & endeavour to 
create a rebellion among the Sovereigns of Europe 
against their Suzerain Lord, Napoleon, for such he is 
to all intents & purposes. Austria after all its defeats 
is much better treated by him than Prussia, whose 
Sovereign he ranks with those of Bavaria & Wurtenberg. 
Did you hear Bonaparte's Bon Mot in ratifying the 
Treaty by which the Kingly title was given to the 
Elector of W. ? ' II a assez fait pleurer ses subjets, il les 
fera rire maintenant.' Bonaparte has not as yet half 
completed his plans respecting Germany, & we may 
every day expect new encroachments, as the French 
Army instead of retiring has received orders to halt, & 
has even received reinforcements. There are still above 
100,000 French on this side of the Rhine. The King of 
Prussia with the finest army of 250,000 men completely 
equipped, with which he could have done anything he 
liked, now finds himself incapable of resisting any one 
demand of Bonaparte, who treats him in the same dicta- 
torial manner as the other Sovereigns of Europe. Many 
people doubt of his permitting the Prussians to remain 
in Hanover, & it should appear that the King is of the 
same opinion, as, though, the people of Anspach have 
been obliged to take the oath of allegiance to the King 
of Bavaria, no oath has as yet been administered to the 
Hanoverians. This country has as yet been most for- 
tunate, but I fear that now that Bonaparte has no 
longer any respect for the King of Prussia, he will not 
long leave it tranquil, & that we shall soon hear of 
contributions." 

1 The Administration known as " The Ministry of All the Talents." 



1806] PRUSSIA 97 

From Henry W. W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" DBESDEN, April 3rd, 1806. 

" The prospect on the Continent seems to get 
darker & darker every day, we are doomed to see new 
demands on the part of Bonaparte, & new concessions 
on the part of those pusillanimous Beings who call them- 
selves the Sovereigns of Europe. Bonaparte has com- 
pletely thrown off the mask with respect to Prussia, 
which country is now as much under his ferule as 
Bavaria, or Prince Joachim's new Principality. The 
shutting the Prussian ports to the British Flag is only 
the beginning of a series of disgraceful measures which 
the King of Prussia will be obliged to pursue. I expect 
every day an order for the prohibition of English mer- 
chandise at Liepsic. Every attempt will also be made 
to oblige Denmark to shut all her ports, but I hope & 
trust she will be able to refuse. I conclude that war must 
ensue with Prussia in which it is easy to discover who 
will be the loser. All their commerce will be destroyed, 
& what is a very important object to them, they will no 
longer be able to be the carriers of Contraband Goods 
for France, from which the King of Prussia draws a great 
part of his revenue. All that has happened within the 
last months gives one still more pain when one reflects 
on the part which Prussia might have acted after the 
Battle of Austerlitz. If she had then come forward, she 
might have acquired, in an honourable manner more 
territory than she has now received at the price of dis- 
grace & vassalage to France, for no other word will 
express the present relative situation of these Powers. 
The King is himself well disposed, but unfortunately 
he has not the courage to act up to his disposition, he is 
a personal coward, & he is surrounded by a set who 
know how to attack the weak side. Independent of 
his cowardice he has that horror of moving, or of any- 
thing like a change, that Bonaparte may do whatever 
he likes provided he lets his dear Brother remain quiet 
at Berlin. The Emperor when he was at Berlin certainly 
succeeded in rousing the King a little & in producing 
something like animation, but unfortunately as ' la 
bonne cause ne fait les choses, qu'a moitie, on a laisse 



98 PRUSSIA [CHAP, vn 

refroidir le fer.' The greatest spirit of discontent exists 
in Prussia, & the King has been twice obliged to issue 
an order prohibiting (on pain of losing their places) any 
officer civil or military, talking of the present affairs 
* ou en bien ou en mal.' When such a spirit exists in an 
army it is not got rid of by an order signed by the King, 
in this case on the contrary, it rather augmented the 
evil which it was intended to suppress. 

" When the officers of the Berlin Garrison returned 
home from the army which the King assembled, they 
went to Hardenberg's house & gave him a serenade cry- 
ing out ' Vivat Hardenberg pereat Haugwitz.' Harden- 
berg has all along opposed the line of conduct which 
has been adopted by Prussia, & particularly respecting 
Hanover. He is to resign the moment that Haugwitz 
returns. If war is declared against Prussia I hardly 
know how I shall be able to get home. I must go by 
Austria, Silesia & Russia." 



From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, April \0th f 1806. 

" Many thanks to you my dearest Mother for your 
very kind letter of the 18th ult. which by some mistake 
I did not receive with other Packets of the same date, 
otherwise I should have answered it by the last post. 
Either contrary winds, or what is very probable, the 
shutting of the Prussian Ports against the English 
vessels has prevented our receiving any letters later 
than that date. 

"I do not know whether in the case of war being 
declared by England against Prussia, a British Minister 
would be suffered to remain in Dresden, but in case of 
my being allowed to remain here, I suppose that I ought 
not to think of availing myself of any leave of absence, 
indeed it would not be my wish, as my situation here 
might then acquire more importance. Paget 1 writes 
me word that he is going home immediately, but does 

1 Arthur, 2nd s. of 1st E. of Uxbridge. 



1806] ANXIOUS TIMES 99 

not yet know whether Ld. Douglas, or Ld. Darnley 
is to be his successor, I hear also from Pierrepont that 
Mr. Fox has announced his intention to recall him, tho' 
he is not in any ways dissatisfied with him, but because 
they have many friends to provide for. Entre nous I 
do not at all like the precedent of Foreign Ministers being 
considered as an appendix to the Cabinet, & being liable 
to the same changes. 

" Hitherto Foreign Ministers have been unaffected by 
any domestic changes, & if they did their duty have 
never been turned out. 

" We are anxiously expecting the English details of 
the Victory near St. Domingo. We have as yet only 
the French Captain's account, but even from that it 
appears that we have had a great superiority. These 
victories which are at all times great advantages for us 
have now the additional value of checking a little the 
French pride, I believe that one Naval defeat more than 
counter-balances in Bonaparte's mind ten battles won 
by land.'! 

The Same 

" DBESDEN, July Qth, 1806. 

" I take even more interest than a brother generally 
takes in the marriage of his sister. 8 I will wait to write 
to her till I hear what turn the affair takes, but I am 
confident, that with such a Counseller as you, the 
decision whatever it may be, will be for her future happi- 
ness. How often do I feel the want of that advice here, 
where I stand perfectly alone and, where there is not a 
single person whose opinion I can ask. I cannot say 
anything of Shipley as I know so little of him, but from 
what I saw of him during the Christmas which we passed 
together at Wynnstay, I should think it almost impos- 
sible to find a more quiet gentlemanlike man. 

" I am now abandoned by almost all my countrymen. 
I was really very sorry to part with Jones who set off 
three or four days ago, but who will not, I suppose, 

1 John, 4th E. of Darnley, born 1767 ; mar. 1791, Elizabeth, dau. 
Rt. Hon. W. Brownlow. She died 1831. He died 1831. 

2 Charlotte Williams Wynn mar. 1806, Col. William Shipley. See 
p. 15. 



100 LUCIEN BONAPARTE [CHAP, vn 

arrive in England as soon as this letter. I have charged 
him to deliver safe a Portfolio for Harriet containing 
all the Callots which I had and all which I could procure. 
Genl. Ramsay 1 sets off the day after to-morrow, the only 
person who will then remain is Sir Brook Boothby, 2 a 
Seigneur of the ' old school,' who writes bad verses & 
still worse Pamflets, but barring this, he is a pleasant 
companion, as he has travelled a great deal, & relates 
well what he has seen. 

" The great Mr. Duff J is still at Vienna, where as in 
every other town through which he has passed he soon 
consoled himself for the death of his wife. You will 
laugh at the idea of the visiting Cards which he had 
at Berlin. ' Mons. Duff, Conte Hereditaire de Fyfe et 
Commandeur d'une Brigade de Milice en Ecosse.' He 
was so much laughed at at Berlin that when he came 
here he dropt the ' Conte Hereditaire,' but not so the 
' Commandeur &c.,' which produced the very natural 
question from the Elector why he travelled ? & whether 
it was for ' military ' knowledge ? as he did not doubt 
that with such an extensive Command his absence would 
be terribly felt in England. 

" I cannot send you any politics, as entre nous I know 
nothing of what is going forward. Lucien Bonaparte * 
will now soon be King of Rome as the point of Contest 
between the two Brothers has disappeared, Lucien 
having once said, that he would not divorce his wife, 
remained firm in that detirmination, but adopted the 
mild * mezzo termini ' proposed by his brother of 
poisoning his wife which was accordingly done, and she 
died in the greatest agonies, after 24 hours illness. 

" We had some days ago, a very fine story of a sortie 
from Gaeta, but as no confirmation has arrived, I fear 

1 Ramsay, Gen., probably James, 3rd a. of 8th E. of Dalhousie; 
born 1772; a Lt.-Gen; died unmar. 1837. 

* Sir Brook Boothby, 1743-1824, 7th Bart., of Ashbourne Hall, Derby- 
shire, mentioned by one of Mrs. Delany's correspondents as ' one of 
those who think themselves pretty gentlemen " du premier ordre." 
He published several books of a political nature. He mar. Susannah, 
dau. and h. of Robert Bristoe. He died at the age of 80 at Boulogne. 

1 James (afterwards 4th E. of Fife) ; b. 1776 ; mar. 1799, Mary 
Caroline, dau. of John Maurus and Louisa, Countess of Dysart. She 
died 1805. He d.s.p. 1857. 

* Lucien Bonaparte, Prince of Canino ; born 1773, the 3rd brother 
of Napoleon. Made Prince of Canino by Pope Pius VII. 



1806] HOSTILITIES WITH PRUSSIA 101 

that it will be like the accounts of the Battle of the 
4th Dec. which never took place." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" DRESDEN, August Qth, 1806. 

" The last few days have produced a most essential 
change in everything which was going on, and I think 
that the Peace with Russia produced quite as much 
surprise in my mind as the signature of the Preliminaries 
in 1801. We have not as yet heard anything of a Peace 
with England, but I conclude that it must ensue immedi- 
ately, if it is not already signed. I am in the dark on 
the subject, but I feel quite certain that the Russian 
Plenipotentiary could never have been authorized to 
sign a Treaty unless England & France were agreed on 
the Basis of their Treaty. I am already preparing 
myself for the effects of the Peace, & I accustome myself 
for it in private every day, in pronouncing with due 
decorum, the illustrious names of the ' Empereur 
Napoleon, 1'Imperatrice Josephine.' " 

The Same 

" DBESDEN, September 18th, 1806. 

" I need not now ever complain of want of business, 
as the motions of the Prussian armies & the Politics of 
the Court of Berlin furnish me with plenty of intelligence 
for the office. We have now one more chance for the 
safety of Europe, & if it fails as that of last year, it is not 
possible to compute what would be the consequences, 
our only hope must then be that the Edifice will become 
so great, as to fall by its own weight. It is singular to 
think that the Prussians are nearly at War with France, 
& quite so with us ; if however, any one was to judge 
from the conduct of the Prussian Generals towards me, 
they would not much believe that hostilities existed 
between the two Countries. 

" Prince Louis, 1 whose sentiments are pretty well 
known & who is the life & soul of everything which is 

1 Prince Louis Fredk. Christian, son of Prince August Ferdinand 
(brother to Frederick II of Prussia); born 1772; General in the 
Prussian Army, and first cousin to the reigning King of Prussia, 
Frederick William II. He was killed 1806. 



102 MADAME NARRYSKYN [CHAP, vu 

going forward, has marked his civility to me in the 
strongest manner, & I may say his incivility to the other 
party. He desired me on the first day of his arrival here, 
not to consider him at war with England. His example 
has been followed by Prince Hohenlohe, the Commander- 
in-Chief, & the other Prussian Generals. He went, I 
own, rather farther than I could have wished, in inviting 
me, the only Foreign Minister, to dine at his house with 
all the Prussian Staff ; to anyone else I should have sent 
an excuse, but when invited by a Prince, that was, of 
course, out of the question. 

" Your last letter of the 21st Aug. prepared me for 
the final decision of my dearest Sister's marriage with 
Colonel Shipley. I wrote to her a fortnight ago. I 
wish of course to make them some marriage present, 
but I am very much embarrassed to find something on 
this side of the water which is better than in England. 
Perhaps you would have the goodness to suggest some- 
thing to me. The sum which I mean to allot would be 
about 50 Guineas. Perhaps the best method of laying 
it out would be in joining with my sisters in the purchase 
of plate, which would be more useful than lace, & would 
save the trouble & expence of sending over Linen or 
Porcelain from hence. 

" This is a very brilliant moment for Dresden as all 
the Prussians think themselves in duty bound, to ' feter - 
the famous Madame Narryskyn, who is now here, & who 
is certainly as handsome as report stated her to be. 
She seems on the other hand to be the stupidest & most 
inanimate creature I ever saw. She travels with a most 
Imperial Retinue, among the most inferior of whom 
appears to be her husband. She returns to St. Peters- 
burg as soon as the Empress of Russia J is brought to 
bed." 

From Henry W, W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

"DHESDEN, October 16th, 1806. 

" Nothing of any importance has yet taken place, & 
the partial successes which the superiority of numbers 

1 The wife of Alexander I of Kussia, and dau. of the Prince of 
Baden. 



1806] DEATH OF MR. FOX 103 

of the Enemy obtained are hardly to be regretted, but 
what is to be regretted and personally by me, is the 
death of Prince Louis whom I knew most intimately, 
and whom everyone is unanimous in representing as la 
Perle of the Prussian Army. He may be considered as 
another example of the vanity of Human wishes, for 
nine years he has been endeavouring to make the King 
come forward, and he has been killed by almost the first 
shot which was fired. During the three weeks which 
he was here, he hardly ever suffered me to quit him, & 
tho' I had seen him several times before, here, it was 
only then that I discovered the great qualities with which 
he was endowed." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

"WYNNSTAY, October IQth, 1806. 

" Long before this reaches you, you will have heard of 
the political arrangements which Mr. Fox's 1 death 
produced, and which I do not doubt in the present 
moment at least, offer any new channels of advantage 
to you, but I think it will be gratifying to you to learn, 
as it was to me to see, that while it remained undecided, 
your Uncle Buckm. had in the first moment looked to 
an arrangement which he thought it might have opened 
for you, and which he wrote me word he was ready to 
assist at once by a seat in Parliament (I suppose he 
meant Buckm. which Lord Percy vacated for West- 
minster.) The whole thing fell to the ground, and your 
Uncle appeared at the head of the Admn. But the 
kindness of the intention will I think give you pleasure. 
At the same time I must say that all my wise friends 
tell me that the only thing to wish for you, is that 
you may remain exactly where you are, nor will they 
even allow me to say that I wish for a visit from you. 
The dissolution of Parliament seems likely to produce 
an unusual ferment, and one of the first surprises that it 
has produced to me has been the tidings I have just 
heard of Mr. Wms's 8 intention of resigning Flint, & 
trying to place his nephew Shipley in his place. 

" We shall of course, be on every account most anxious 

1 Mr. Fox died September 1806. Mr. Williams of Penbedw. 
8 



104 RENVOYE EXTRAORDINAIRE [CHAP, vn 

for his success, and in none more than from its giving 
them a stationary winter residence among us all in 
London. 

" Our royal visitor the D. of G. 1 was to me more 
entertaining than I expected, having given me a great 
many anecdotes about my favourite Alexander, and now 
that we may all praise him and look up to him again I 
felt increased interest in all his stories of him. He 
talked, likewise of your Madame Narischin, quite as 
highly as you did of her beauty, and as much otherwise 
of her sense, but gave her credit for more sagesse as with 
respect to my favourite than the world in general do." 

CIRCULAR 
From Lord Howick * to Henry W. W. W. 

" DOWNING STREET, October 2lst, 1806 

" SIR, I transmit to you for your information, a 
Gazette of this evening containing His Majesty's De- 
claration, explanatory of the causes which led to the 
rupture of the late Negociation between His Majesty's 
Government and that of France. 

" I am with great truth & regard, Sir 
" Your most obedient 

" humble servant, 

" HOWICK. 
" Henry W. W. Wynn.'? 

From Henry W. W. W to Lady W. W. 

" TEPLITZ, October 2Qth, 1806. 

" DEAREST MOTHER, Here I am in the humble char- 
acter of an Emigre, or, rather of a Renvoye Extraordinaire. 
The approach of Jerome Bonaparte and 6,000 French 
drove me away from Dresden, and I arrived here yester- 
day morning with my Russian and Hanoverian Col- 

1 Duke of Gloucester. 

2 Ld. Howick, Charles, eldest son of Sir Charles Grey, who in 1806 
was created Vise. Howick and E. Grey. He was born 1 764 ; First Lord 
of the Admiralty as Mr. Grey, in Ld. Grenville's administration. On 
Fox's death he went to the Foreign Office as Ld. Howick. He retired 
with his Party in 1807. In 1830 he became Prime Minister. He 
mar. 1794, Elizabeth, only dau. of Ld. Ponsonby. He died 1847. 



1806] RENVOYE EXTRAORDINAIRE 105 

leagues. I have not much time to write, but as this is 
the only opportunity I may have of writing for some 
weeks, I cannot let my messenger depart without a few 
words to my dearest Mother to tell her that I am safe 
and sound out of the hands of the French. I hope my 
retreat from Dresden will not have been disapproved 
of by my superiors, I did not conceive that my Post was 
any longer tenable, but I did not leave Dresden till I 
saw a party of Bavarian Chevaux Legers enter into the 
town. There is always some good in every calamity 
and that which I derive from the present disastrous 
times is the hope of seeing you in England. 

" I trust my stay here will not be prolonged beyond 
the return of my messenger. I cannot describe to you 
the feelings of regret with which I turned my back to 
what may rightly be called the peaceful vale of Dresden. 
You will say que la guerre ne va bien a aucun pays, but 
certainly it suits none so little as Saxony, the inhabitants 
of which country have not known what it is to hear a 
Gun fired for 44 years. It seemed as if that country 
was doomed to be the only one in ignorance of the 
Horrors of War. Their turn is at length come and they 
feel it the more. The Elector is the most to be pitied ; 
in addition to all his public calamities he has also the 
private one of seeing the impossibility of preventing the 
sacrifice of his daughter to the quondam Admiral but now 
General Jerome Bonaparte. 1 

" If you do not hear from me be assured that it is not 
my fault, but that all communications are cut off." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" KONIOSBERG, December IQth, 1806. 

" I flatter myself that you will be all anxious to hear 
of my safe arrival at this place, and of my having 
escaped all the dangers to which I was kindly told I 
should be exposed. I met neither French Inquisitors 
or hungry Wolves, but the enemy I had to encounter 

1 Jerome Bonaparte, born 1784, younger brother of Napoleon and 
made by him King of Westphalia. He mar. 1st, Miss Paterson (whom 
his brother forced him to divorce in order to marry Princess Catherine 
of Wiirtemberg). He died 1860. 



106 RENVOYE EXTRAORDINAIRE [CHAP, vn 

was bad roads, & I will defy any country to produce 
the like; I travelled in a light carriage drawn by ten horses, 
& in several places we stuck fast & were obliged to have 
more horses, & men at the wheels to get it out. With 
the exception of 24 hours I remained at Cracow, we were 
16 days & nights in the Carriage. 

" I am ashamed to think how behind hand I shall be 
with my cadeau de noces to Charlotte, I have at present 
only part of it, I was to have received the rest in a few 
days when the French drove me away from Dresden. 
If I was not so fully occupied that I have not the time 
hardly to think where I am, I should not know what 
to do in a town which is, I think, the darkest & dirtiest 
I ever saw. ... I have been twice in the evening to 
Princess Radzivil's l for an hour. All these misfortunes 
are ill calculated to heal the wound which she received 
by the death of her Brother. I had at first really a horror 
of seeing her, as she knew how intimate I was with him. 
She has also had the additional affliction of one of her 
Children being so ill as to be given over, but he is now 
better. 

" God knows whether you will be able to read this 
letter, but I have been writing so much that both my 
hand & head require rest. . . ." 

1 Princess Radizivil, Frederique Louise, dau. of Prince Auguste 
Ferdinand of Prussia, and first cousin to the reigning King of Prussia, 
Frederick William II. She mar. 1796, Antoine Henri, Prince Radizivil. 
She died 1836. 



CHAPTER VIII 
AT HOME 
18041806 

LADY WILLIAMS WYNN'S correspondence with Charles 
touches on the exceedingly complicated politics of the 
day. 

The internal affairs of Mr. Pitt's last Cabinet, 1804 to 
1806, were by no means harmonious. He had first tried 
vainly to form a coalition with Lord Grenville, then in 
180$ turned to Mr. Addington (Lord Sidmouth) for his 
support. In the meanwhile serious charges had been 
made by Mr. Whitbread in the Commons, against Lord 
Melville, on the grounds of maladministration of the 
Admiralty and misappropriation of public money. A 
Commission of Enquiry was appointed to look into the 
charges, and the tenth and last report of the Com- 
missioners was presented in February 1805. Lord 
Melville in consequence resigned the Treasurership of 
the Navy, and during the June of this year the charges 
were pressed to impeachment. Pitt supported his 
old colleague, and his new ally Lord Sidmouth, left 
the Ministry. Eventually the charges against Lord 
Melville were not sustained, and in June 1806 he was 
declared by the Lords "not guilty," but Pitt's health 
had rapidly given way, under the strain of foreign as 
well as domestic difficulties, and he died in January 
1806, without the satisfaction of knowing that his old 
friend had been exonerated. 

Early in 1804 the King's health again became a 

107 



108 THE KING AND LORD CHESTERFIELD [CHAP, vm 

matter of concern to his Ministers, and of curiosity 
and gossip among his subjects. 

The friction between the Prince of Wales and the 
King was also much canvassed in Society. 

From Fanny W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" April 5th, 1804. 

" They say that Lord Chesterfield 1 having a great 
desire to see the King determined, at the hour at which 
he was expected to ride, planted himself in the Riding 
House, en Jonction, as Master of the Horse. Immedi- 
ately upon his Majesty's entrance he is reported, in a 
breath to have said : ' What's that ? Who the D. . . . 
are you ? What's your name ? ' Lord Chesterfield : 
' Sir. Lord Chesterfield.' ' Lord Chesterfield ? what 
business have you here ? ' ' Sir, I attend as Master of 
your Majesty's Horse.' ' Master of the Horse ! I'll horse 
you ! ' upon which the King is said to have seized the 
long whip, & to have persued Lord C. round & round the 
House, laughing at his capers & every now & then 
hitting him pretty sharp. If this story be true, on many 
accounts one cannot but lament it heartily, still I must 
own it would give me some pleasure to think that Lord 
C. had been so paid for all his vulgar practical jokes." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" GOBHAMBTTEY, Augutt IQth. 

" I have been all the morning amusing myself with an 
old French Manuscript History of the Creation which 
from the quaintness of the expression joined with the 
old spelling & old length character, has given compleat 
employment to all my faculties, you would have read 
it as easily as what I am now writing, & would therefore 
perhaps have found less amusement in it, but the clear- 
ness of the writing & the beauty of the Illumination 
would have had its full merit with you. There certainly 
are many fine old Specimens in the house of their not 
being a family of yesterday, & though we are no longer 

1 Philip Stanhope, 5th E. of Chesterfield, K.G., Master of the Horse ; 
born 1755; died 1816. 



1804] THE KING AND THE PRINCE OF WALES 109 

taught, perhaps, to look up to the Old Chanc. as being 
as pure as wise, yet the seeing him over the Library 
Chimney in the midst of all his cotemporaries with all 
their Ruffs & Furs & Velvets forms a fine Contrast in 
ones mind with the figure of the Demagogue & his Rabble 
rout who have been displaying themselves at Brentford. 
" The idea of a sort of Reconciliation being negotiating 
between the King 1 & P ro l through the medium of Lord 
Moira,* is universally believed. I believe I know that 
the D. of Portland s said last week, that a message was 
sent to the King from the P. desiring that he would take 
charge of the little Princess's * education, which message 
was most graciously received, but the Charge declined 
' unless with the Mother's consent & full approbation.' 
This however I should think need not long delay it, 
as the Princess of Wales 5 would certainly not have much 
hesitation in seeing that in every point of view the child 
would be a good deal better to be under somebody's 
care than nobody's. The truth is that Lady Moira 
is the dear friend of Lady Elgin, 6 & that she really does 
want an Usher to keep the child in order. Some people 
fancy that this Reconciliation may lead to the forming 
a broader Administration. It is certainly the language 
of all Pitt's friends to say how much he wishes it, & how 
much he was struck with the particularly conciliatory 
disposition which Fox had shown in the opening Negotia- 
tion, but still I cannot believe that while Pitt has the 

1 King George III and the Prince of Wales. 

2 Ld. Moira, Francis, 2nd E., born 1754. A prominent and popular 
politician. He mar. 1804, Flora, Countess of Loudoun in her own 
right. She died 1840. In 1816 he was created Marquess of 
Hastings. He died 1830. 

3 Duke of Portland (3rd Duke), born 1738. At this time President 
of the Council. He had been Prime Minister in 1783, and was so 
again 1807. He mar. 1766, Dorothy, only dau. of 4th D. of Devon- 
shire, who died 1794. His second wife, Anne Wellesley, whom he 
mar. 1816, had previously married Sir William Abdy, which mar. was 
dissolved in 1816 ; the lady was the natural dau. of Richard, Marq. 
of Wellesley, and Hyacinth, dau. of Monsieur Roland, whom he mar. in 
1794, but by whom he had no legitimate issue. 

* The Princess Charlotte, born 1796, therefore about eight years old. 

8 Princess Caroline, dau. of the D. of Brunswick. 

8 Lady Elgin, Martha, only ch. of Thomas Whyte, a London 
banker ; mar. 1759, Charles, 5th E. of Elgin, who died 1771. Lady 
Elgin was governess to H.R.H. Princess Charlotte of Wales. She 
died 1810. 



110 LORD MELVILLE [CHAP, vm 

Staff in his own hands & can in any way keep it from 
the ground, he will trouble anybody to hold the other 
end. 

" Are you not very glad of Ebrington's success at 
Barnstaple, beating Mr. Hunt on Government Interest, 
& Mr. Thelusson on his money bags by the pure weapons 
of Lord Fortescue's well deserved personal popularity. 
It is not a little gratifying too that our wise Rulers should 
find how much they have gained by the manoevre of 
turning out Sir E. Pellew." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" BROOK STKEET, March 2^th l 1805. 

" The tenth Report * that is, the eleventh & twelfth 
that are to be, engross all the attention from the highest 
to the lowest. ... It is a thing sorely to be lamented 
(if there were no other Cause of regret for great men 
turning out Rogues) that it so exasperates the minds of 
the lower people & so sadly assists the arguments of those 
mischief-makers who strive so hard to persuade them 
that all their woes originate in the corruption & pecula- 
tion of their Superiors. They were yesterday calculating 
that the Income of public money enjoyed by Lord 
Melville * himself, his sons, sons-in-law, & nephews (not 
including a single Dundas Cousin) amounts to 54,000 
pr. ann. & still that was not enough. They talk very 
much of the next report implicating the great man 
Pitt himself on a Charge of total disregard of the Limita- 
tions on the issuing of Navy bills either with respect 
to their number or Application. That he can ever for a 
moment be suspected of having been drawn into such 
misconduct from any interested motive, cannot enter 
into the Speculation of his bitterest foes, but that from 
a temper naturally very assuming & rendered ten fold 
more so by the long enjoyment of uncontrolled power, 
he may have entirely lost sight of all Check or responsi- 

* See p. 107. 

1 Henry Dundas, Ld. Melville, born 1742; Ld. High Advocate of 
Scotland 1775 ; Treasurer of the Navy and First Lord of the Admiralty 
1804-5. Created Vise. 1802 ; mar. 1st, Elizabeth, dau. of David 
Rennie of Melville Castle, and 2ndly 1793, Jane, dau. of 2nd E. of 
Hopetown. He died 1811. 



1805] POLITICS 111 

bility, I should not think by any means unlikely. It is 
supposed that he will at all events support Lord M. 
but the Addingtons are more than suspected of flying off. 
If that is so, it may break up the whole Firm, tho' many 
think that the Catholic question will ride paramount to 
all & keep them together. . . . Last Tuesday at the 
Opera Lord T. 1 went into Lady Castlereagh's 8 box 
where he found the poor dear Doctor s more than half 
seas over abusing Pitt like a pick-pocket & assuring Lord 
T. that he thought he had ' A very just Consumption of 
things in general.' Thus ' Nature show thyself how 
blazonest,' Shakespeare. They were all sadly in the 
dumps about the division of last night which was most 
unaccountably & provokingly small. . . . 

" The Government of Plymouth is given to Lord 
Chatham 4 who had only 16,000 pr. ann. of public 
money before, & as Master of Ordinance ought to be in 
London, as General of district at Coyh th , & as Governor 
of Plymouth at his Government all at the same moment, 
but good Connection may supply ubiquity as well as 
every other desideratum. ... I had a letter from your 
brother Henry in answer to that which I wrote to him 
about his Dulcinea, 8 not admitting any positive Aban- 
donment to have taken place on either side, but I think 
evidently slipping away from it, & speaking with the 
greatest satisfaction of the Wisdom of having kept free 
of any sort of Engagement. . . ." 

Her interest in politics does not prevent Lady Williams 
Wynn from taking an even deeper interest in Charles's 
own personal concerns, and once again she urges him 
forward on a matrimonial venture, once again he allows 
the opportunity to slip. But he was preparing seriously 

1 Ld. Temple, Lady Williams Wynn's nephew. 

* Lady Castlereagh, Emily, dau. of John, 2nd E. of Buckinghamshire ; 
mar. 1794, Richard, Vise. Castlereagh, the eminent statesman, who 
succeeded his father as 2nd Marq. of Londonderry in 1822 (see sub- 
sequent note). She died 1829 without issue. 

3 Mr. Addington (Ld. Sidmouth). 

* John, Lord Chatham, eld. s. of William Pitt, 1st E. Chatham ; 
born 1756: mar. 1783, Mary, dau. of 1st Vise. Sidney. He d.s.p. in 
1835, 6 Hon. Louisa Courtenay. 



112 ADVICE ON MATRIMONY [CHAP, vin 

to rectify his sins of omission, and on April 9th, 1806, 
he married Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Foster and 
Lady Cunliffe. 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" WOBTHINO, Friday, March 1805. 

" I do not at all admit the force of your arguments 
on the most interesting subject of your letter. You are 
neither so young or so romantic as to fancy that there 
is in some Corner a help mate put by for you possessed 
of that degree of perfectibility which speculation may 
teach itself to look to, but which Experience shews is 
not to be found. Your objection to my favourite, if it 
was worth combating, is in the first place founded on an 
error, in point of fact, there not being I believe in the 
world a Creature more attached than she is to her family, 
& certainly is idolized by them. The circumstance of 
the old Gentleman & Lady's not being particularly 
affable is too trifling to dwell upon, nor will you I should 
suppose ever expect to find ' Pa ' * Ma ' & ' Apple-pie ' 
all equally sweetened to your particular fancy. All 
these are only general remarks, for your general benefit 
as the particular Case to which they apply, is I fear, no 
longer within our Contemplation, though from what I 
have heard since I wrote last, I do not believe to be as 
desperate as I had thought it & if the Opportunity could 
be found I should be most anxious that you should put 
yourself in the way of it. Your excuse that you have 
never been within reach but once, is most invalid as you 
certainly might have gone up to the Box any night at 
the Opera, tho' she could not so well have come down to 
the Pit to you, which was what you were probably wait- 
ing for. I wish you would go to School for a little while 
to our poor Paddy persecutor, Mr. Rochfort, whose 
unexpected Appearance was what upset all the latter 
part of my former letter & whose unremitting persever- 
ance would I am persuaded have a certain degree of 
weight, were it not counteracted by the constant resist- 
ance which I keep up to its influence. It certainly is 
now high time for you to look to the provision for your 
latter days which to ideas formed as yours are, will, I 



1805] ADVICE ON MATRIMONY 113 

am persuaded never be found but in a domestic Circle, 
& therefore it is that I so much wish you to accustom 
yourself to look at what is to give you through the 
reasonable medium of Common sense, & not through the 
fanciful one of a Novel writer or reader." 

The Same 

" WOBTHINO, July 2nd. 

" I am full of indignation at Mr. Upton's 1 having with 
his one Eye carried off the Prize which no other younger 
brother had even Spirit enough to look at with his two. I 
really do feel quite persuaded that had you tried you 
would have had quite as good a chance as him, & in my 
Conscience I believe that without the smallest regard to 
her fortune (which however certainly had something to 
recommend it) you will never find any one as well suited 
to you, nor would her want of beauty, have been ever 
felt by you as a matter deserving of serious Consideration. 
You would laugh if you knew how seriously I lament 
your never having tried what I so often & so strongly 
recommended to you. I do hope you will take this, 
your Sin of Omission into serious & profitable Meditation 
& find some early Opportunity of profitting by it. I 
have had a letter this morning from Henry of ye 10th of 
June telling me he had had the Post before a letter from 
' Louise ' desiring to be released from her Engagement, 
which of course will, I suppose, put a regular Close to a 
foolish business exactly adapted to the ages of 18 & 20. 
Your brother will have bought a certain degree of 
experience which may be valuable to him, though not 
acquired perhaps, without some little degree of un- 
easiness." 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother 

" SHREWSBTTRY, October 9th, 1805. 

" Every thing relating to the Legion * etc. has hitherto 
succeeded as I could wish. The presentation of the 

1 Mr. Upton, probably Hon. Fulke Greville Upton, 2nd s. of 1st 
Vise. Templeton, who mar. Mary, dau. and h. of Richard Bagot and 
his wife Frances (youngest child of William Howard, Vise. Andover, 
and eventual h. to her nephew Henry, E. of Suffolk). 

3 The Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Cavalry, raised in 1804. 



114 POWIS CASTLE [CHAP, vm 

Colours & subsequent dinner under the Walls of the 
Castle was the most magnificent Spectacle & the most 
suitable to the dignity of a Castle that I ever saw. Con- 
ceive an area of about two hundred yards by one hundred, 
perfectly flat bounded on one side by the Castle proudly 
rising above four rows of terraces, on the opposite side 
by a thickly wooded bank, & at both ends by wood also. 
In this were laid six tables of 63 yards each & one of 30. 
Tippoo's tent & a row of Marquees pitched & about 
1500 seated at dinner. The Powis' were all extremely 
gracious & I succeeded better than usual in my speech 
of thanks. I hear from all quarters of Lady Powis's 
being highly delighted etc., etc. She asked me after- 
wards for a copy of my speech but as I felt apprehensive 
of getting into the Newspaper I excused myself upon the 
general grounds of having no notes or memorandum of 
what I meant to say, which happens to be the case. . . . 
" At length I am thirty & my dancing days are over. 
My last ten years have certainly been more uniformly 
happy & less chequered with undesireable events than 
those of any person whom I have known." 

The year 1806 saw the close of two notable Parlia- 
mentary careers. William Pitt died in January, aged 
47, and Charles Fox on September 13th, aged 57. 

From Charles W. W. W. to his Mother 

" WHITEHALL, Saturday, October Qth, 1806. 

" I am sorry that you do not approve of a pension 
to Mrs. Fox as it seems to me a matter of strict propriety 
& a debt due from the Country to the wife of any Cabinet 
Minister who is left wholly unprovided for, indeed after 
giving 40,000 to pay Mr. Pitt's debts, 1,200 to Lady 
Hester, 1 etc., etc. to all the Stanhopes, I should think it 
disgraceful to refuse it. The solemnity of yesterday 8 
was most awful to see within 8 months those two men 
for whom the Kingdom was too small laid within three 
feet of each other, to recollect all the triumphant display 

1 Lady Hester Stanhope, niece to Mr. Pitt (see Introduction). 
* Mr. Fox's funeral in Westminster Abbey. 



1806] MR. FOX'S FUNERAL 115 

of eloquence & ability which I have heard from Fox, 
some certainly, at which I have paused & wondered that 
the human mind could produce such, to see the 
manner in which his old friends & companions were 
affected, has made an impression which will not soon 
wear away from me. Poor Lord Holland x suffered 
terribly. In the crowd round the Grave I felt Lord 
Crewe, 2 who happened to be close to me shivering from 
head to foot. The ceremony in the Abbey lost much, 
from their chanting almost all of it. I think only two 
prayers were read. The Prince * was prevented from 
attending by the interference of the King with the 
ridiculous notions of etiquette, which as the Prince 
observes in his letter to Lord Grenville, were never 
brought forward against his attending Sir W. Fawcett's 
Funeral. The letter to Lord Grenville pleased me 
extremely. It is very respectful to the King & expresses 
the hope he had entertained, that he could not displease 
the King by any mark of respect to his private friend & 
the King's departed Minister, the last act of whose life 
had been a strenuous & successful struggle for the 
recovery of the hereditary dominions of the Royal family 
from perfidy etc. & trusting that he should be able to 
find other opportunities not less public for marking 
the high regard & respect which he had so long enter- 
tained for Mr. Fox. He concluded with saying that he 
shall not here attempt to express any thing of the con- 
fidence friendship & esteem he feels for Lord Grenville, 
as he considers this rather a letter addressed to the 
King's Minister than to Lord Grenville." 

On October 25th, 1806, Parliament was dissolved. 

In Flintshire, Col. William Shipley contested the 
county in the Whig interest against Sir Stephen Glynne, 
of Hawarden. Charlotte Williams Wynn's marriage 

1 Ld. Holland, 3rd Baron, nephew to Charles James Fox ; born 
1773. He died 1840. In 1795 he mar. the dau. of Richard Vassal!, 
previously the wife of Sir Godfrey Webster, Bart. 

* Ld. Crewe, 1st Baron ; born 1742; M.P. for Staffordshire 1766-8, 
and for Cheshire 1768-1806, when he was raised to the Peerage. He 
died 1829. 

3 The Prince of Wales. 



116 CHARLOTTE'S WEDDING [CHAP, vm 

took place in the middle of the election, when excite- 
ment was running high. Sir Stephen, it must be 
remembered, had married her first cousin, Mary Neville. 
Both Charlotte and Lady Williams Wynn give Henry 
still at Dresden an account of the anxieties and mixed 
feelings which the wedding and election aroused. 



From Charlotte W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, Sunday, November 9th, 1806. 

*' With my mind very much taken up with my own 
concerns I sit down Dear Henry to write to you, so I 
fear that the composition will not be very lively. 

*' The awful day for my marriage stands now I believe 
fixed for Thursday next, and that you will allow is 
sufficient excuse if my letter writing genius should be 
less brilliant than usual. Indeed I begin to feel very 
uncomfortable at the thought of it and though I hope 
to be weaned very gradually from home, yet the change 
in my situation there, is still very great. I fancy that 
we shall go immediately to Llangedwyn, stay there a 
week then return here. The Dean l will do the deed, 
which I once thought would have made it much 
worse, but I now feel that no little circumstance of that 
sort can make a difference. 

*' I am glad that the Dissolution has agreeably brought 
down Charles and Mary, 1 as he will support me as much 
as anybody, but I could have excused its having at this 
moment occasioned the Election at Flint, as I think 
that had Col. Shipley been thinking less of Wynnstay and 
its inhabitants, he would have had a much better chance 
of success. I do not however quite dispair the Election 
began on Friday and they know not yet how much 
longer it may last or who has the probability of most 
votes. It is a great object to me that he may get a Seat 
in Parliament, as he will then have a fair and un- 
objectionable reason for staying away for some time 

1 Dean Shipley of St. Asaph, father of Col. Shipley. 
1 Mr. and Mrs. Charles Williams Wynn. 



180G] 



CHARLOTTE'S WEDDING 



117 



from Parliament, but I wish much that Sir S. Glynne 
had not been his opponent for I fear that which ever 
way it turns out it may produce a coolness which would 
be very unpleasant. I wish that I could say that he, 
Sir S., had carried it on quite in a Gentlemanlike 
manner." 



CHAPTER IX 

1808 

HENRY WILLIAMS WYNN arrived in England early 
in 1807. He had visited Vienna on a very short 
mission, in the November of 1806, after which he had 
proceeded home as quickly as he could, by circuitous 
routes. On January 27th he writes to Lady Williams 
Wynn from Malmo in Denmark, describing his voyage 
to Copenhagen on board a Danish vessel; this vessel, 
after having succoured a smaller craft which had sprung 
a leak, was herself driven on to some rocks. Passengers 
and crew were finally rescued by Swedish fishermen, 
and landed at Carlscrona. 

During 1807 Henry travelled about England and 
Scotland, staying in various big houses, and also 
touring for the real pleasure of " sight-seeing." 

The exiled Princes of the Royal House of France had 
found a safe refuge in England, and early in 1808 the 
Marquess of Buckingham entertained King Louis XVIII 
and the Bourbon Princes with great magnificence at 
Stowe. His invitation to his nephew Henry to join the 
party is given below, followed by Henry's account of 
the festivities. 

From the Marquess of Buckingham to Henry 

w. w. w. 

" STOWE, January 3rd, 1808. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, The recovery of my dear George l 
having allowed me now to fix my Frenchmen for Monday 
the llth, I have been anxious to hint to you, that in your 

1 Hon. George Grenville, 2nd a. of 1st Marquess of Buckingham, 
succeeded his mother as 2nd Baron Nugent 1820 ; born 1789 ; mar. 
1813, Ann Lucy, dau. of Hon. Vere Paulett. He d.s.p. 1850. 

118 



1808] THE FRENCH PRINCES AT STOWE 

professional pursuits it might possibly not be Indifferent 
to you in various cases that might occur hereafter, 
to have been personally acquainted with the whole 
collection jrom first to last, who come to me : so as I 
understand that the Wynnstay Ball will have released 
you in time, I have kept a bed for you, & I wish you to 
come hither that you may be made known to the King, 
& the whole family &c. Let me have an immediate 
answer to this letter that I may dispose of your bed if 
you do not think with me upon this subject, but the best 
answer is ' Ipse Veni.' 

" Best love to your Mother, Watkin & brothers & 
sisters & all within their gates. 

" Ever yours, 

" NUGENT BUCKINGHAM." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" STOWE, January 12th, 1808. 

" MY DEAR MOTHER, Altho' I arrived here yesterday 
before three o'clock I was but just in time to see the 
reception of His Christian Majesty. They were all 
drawn up on the steps, when I, by dint of vociferation 
prevailed upon the Post Boy to drive in the back way. 
The moment he entered the House, the Band struck up, 
& Lord Buckingham conducted him to the State Apart- 
ments, where there was a cercle till he went to dress, 
which operation, being I suppose pressed by hunger, 
did not last ten minutes, but dinner was not accelerated 
as we did not sit down till past 6. 

" The whole of the Family are here excepting Beau- 
glais, who is still ill. The king seems a good-natured 
good kind of man, but there is not certainly anything, 
either in his appearance or manners, very attendrissant. 

" The dinner party yesterday consisted of 44, & is 
to-day to be augmented by 11 new arrivals. Among 
those yesterday were Lord & Lady Carysfort, Proby, 
Grenville, Charlotte & Fanny, Mr. & Mrs. F. Freemantle, 
Miss Wynn, Mr. & Mrs. Young, & a young Irish Heiress, 
Miss O'Donnell, Ebrington, & two Nevilles, Genl. Hervey, 
Neil Talbot, &c., &c. Lady Louisa Hervey, the Admiral 
& two Daughters, Mr. & Mrs. Lloyd, Lord Temple & the 
9 



120 THE FRENCH PRINCES AT STOWE [CHAP, ix 

Due & Duchess de Coigney 1 with two other Frenchmen 
arrive to-day. The dinner, entre nous (altho* there are 
four French Cooks in the House) was the worst I ever 
saw put upon a Table, & worse served than anything I 
ever saw before. Lord Buckingham took care of the 
King & all the rest of the Blood were obliged to take 
care of themselves, without a servant literally to take 
away their plates, or a glass of wine within their reach. 
The table was covered with dishes, which were so 
cold that they were not eatable with the exception of a 
cold Pye which from its proximity to an immense fire 
was warmed up again. After dinner Lord Buckingham 
got up & said ' The King permits me to give for a toast 
the Royal & Illustrious House of Bourbon, & God Bless 
them ' upon which the King gave, ' God Bless the King 
& old England for ever ' which Lord Buckingham re- 
peated, & said that the King allowed him to add, * The 
True Peace of Europe founded on a strict alliance bet ween 
the two Sovereigns.' I fear that all the company will be 
noted in Bonaparte's black book, & that we shall pay 
for it if eVer we go to France. When the first Toast was 
given the Band played ' O Richard O mon Roi,' after 
which the Master of the Band came up to Temple, & asked 
him whether the Marseillais Hymn would not be a proper 
air to play. We did not of course, sit very long after 
dinner, & by the assistance of cards & a little dancing 
we got on to near twelve o'clock when we all went to bed. 

" We have to-day been out with the Harriers but 
had not much Sport. The King went with Lady 
Buckingham in the little Phaeton. Tomorrow we are 
to Shoot, & on Thursday the King & the other Princes 
are to plant a Clump of Trees, each man his own Tree. 
On Friday there is to be a Grand Ball & on Saturday 
they^are all to gojaway. 

" Excuse this hasty scrawl as we staid out longer than 
we expected. Lord Buckingham desires me to tell you 
that he shall not certainly leave Stowe before the 28th 
or 29th. 

" Ever your most dutiful & affectionate Son, 

" H. W. W. W." 

1 Francois Henri, Due de Coigny, b. 1 737, Marshal of France, a devoted 
adherent of Marie Antoinette. He served with Cond6. Died 1821. 



1808] THE FRENCH PRINCES AT STOWE 121 
From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" STOWE, January 14<A, 1808. 

" I suppose you will expect me to report the progress 
of the French visit here, though I do not think that any 
thing particular has happened since I last wrote. We 
every day have the health of the Royal & Illustrious, 
& he as regularly gives an appropriate Toast in return. 
Yesterday after the planting we had after the Toast 
' & may their Posterity last longer than the latest acorn 
of the latest Tree they have this day planted.' To 
which the King replied in English, ' Our Noble Land- 
lord, to whom our gratefulness is as rooted as the oldest 
Oak.' No particular ceremony took place at the plant- 
ing. I send you the Inscription for a Tablet which is 
to be placed on the Round Tower near which the Trees 
are planted. They all seem very much pleased with the 
attentions which are shewn them, & certainly as far as 
expence goes, nothing can be finer than the manner in 
which Lord Buckingham has received them. 

"It is a thousand pities that my Uncle had not 
somebody from London to manage the whole thing, 
instead of having four men who call themselves masters 
& do nothing. Price is gone, & as his place is not yet 
filled up there is nobody to tell the Servants where to 
place themselves. 

" The whole set went out Shooting yesterday, but 
whether it was that the Hares had been driven away, 
or that there are none, ' La chasse etait tres mauvaise.' 
I cannot say, that with the exception of one or two, 
any of the family have prepossessed me very much in 
their favour. Old Conde * is by far the best, the Due 
d'Angoule'me * seems a gentlemanlike man, but then one 
cannot easily forget how manfully he ran away from the 
Cond6 Army. I cannot of course judge whether the 
King is pleasant in conversation, but one question he 
made, did not tell much for his Historical knowledge. 
He asked me whether I understood Welsh, as he wanted 
to know what the Prince of Wales's Motto meant 1 

1 A distinguished French General, died 1815, aged 79. 

1 The Duo d'Angouleme (1775-1844), e. of Charles, afterwards 
Charles X ; mar. his cousin, Marie Therese Charlotte, only dau. of 
King Louis XVI, in 1799. He d.s.p. 



122 THE FRENCH PRINCES AT STOWE [CHAP, ix 

" I long to know when you intend to come. Lord 
Carysfort has asked me to Elton, an invitation which I 
think I shall accept when Lord B. goes to London. I 
never saw a man more eager for hunting than Lord C. 
is, we are going to-morrow 16 miles to cover. 

" P.S. Dardis comes up every morning, so that 
you may expect a full & particular account in the 
Oracle."' 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" STOWE, Sunday. 

' All the Frenchmen went yesterday & to-day we are 
almost reduced to a family party, consisting of however 
more than 20. The Carysforts, 2 Herveys, Fremantles, 
Youngs, Ebrington, & Nevilles are among the de- 
partures. 

" Nothing could have been more pleasant than the 
whole of their visit, & every one was sorry to see them 
go away. The King behaved during the whole time just 
as one would have wished, gracious with as much 
dignity, as his porpoise-like figure would admit of. His 
last Toast struck me as particularly neat & well expressed 
for a Foreigner. May the remembrance of our visit here 
be as agreeable to all present, as it will be soothing to us. 
I do not think we have any chance of a connexion with 
this Royal & Illustrious House so far as the Gentleman is 
concerned, but entre nous I never saw anything so 
ridiculous as the conduct of the Lady l not so much 
during their stay here, as on their departure when she 
burst into tears, & remained weeping all day long. The 
Ball went off very well, she danced with all the Princes 
who had any go in them, & when they retired which 
they did immediately after supper in order to set off 
early the next morning, she would not dance. 

*' Lord Buckingham staid till the very last person was 
gone, in consequence of which, & of all his other exer- 
tions, he was yesterday so completely fagged, that he 
could not sit dinner out. He had a very good night, 
& tho' he to-day complains of a little headache, he is a 
great deal better. 

* Lady Mary Grenville, only dau. of the 1st Marq. of Buckingham, 
afterwards Lady Arundel. She died 1845. 



1808] THE VISIT CONCLUDED 123 

" This horrible frost has disconcerted my plans exceed- 
ingly, I have four horses eating their heads off without 
having seen a hound since I have been here. We had 
last night a little snow. I trust that it is not the 
Echantillon of what you have in a greater degree at 
Wynnstay. 

" No day has been fixed for my Uncle's going to town, 
& I think it seems likely that they will remain here till 
the first week in February. I cannot vouch for this 
it is only my surmise. 

" I intend going to Audley End l for a week towards 
the 25th, & then proceed to Elton.* I wish very much 
to hear what your plans are, as I hope mine will in some 
measure correspond with yours. 

" I think I have been rather shabbily used by the 
family hi not having received any account of your 
theatrical Gaities." 

1 Audley End, to stay with his uncle, Ld. Braybrooke. 
* Elton, to stay with his uncle, Ld. Carysfort. 



CHAPTER X 

1808 

WHEN Henry, the youngest surviving member of her 
family of nine children, became twenty-five, Lady 
Williams Wynn's long guardianship of his patrimony 
ceased, and she handed over his fortune into his own 
keeping. During the years of her " stewardship " it 
had not grown less, and her letter to him on the subject 
shows that her husband's trust in her powers of 
management was not misplaced. Of the three sons, 
Henry inherited more of her business and financial 
capacities than either Sir Watkin or Charles. 

Henry had begun his professional career as a boy, in 
his seventeenth year, and his niche at home was per- 
force one of no great prominence. From 1807 to 1822 
he was without an appointment, but he could not bring 
himself to settle down to any home pursuits or occupa- 
tions. He indulged his love of travelling, first by tours 
in England and Scotland, paying visits to the great 
country houses as they came into his route ; then in 
October 1808, having vainly endeavoured to induce the 
Foreign Secretary, Mr. Canning, to give him a billet 
abroad, he arranged for himself a tour in the Spanish 
Peninsula, during the hostilities. Technically speaking, 
he was still His Britannic Majesty's Minister to the Court 
of Saxony, and he continued to draw the salary attached 
to that post until 1816, when his successor was appointed. 

124 



1808] LADY WILLIAMS WYNN'S STEWARDSHIP 125 
From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" DROPMOBB, July Qth, 1808. 

" I had intended writing to you yesterday, my dearest 
Henry, but the variety of interruptions of my last 
morning in London would not allow of it. 

" I have at last got the final balance out of my 
Guardian Accounts, & had the satisfaction before I left 
London of transferring into your name somewhat over 
5,700 stock in your 3 per cents, which at 70 per cent, 
(the price they bore the day it was settled) is wt>rth 
3,900, & I have a further sum of 71 to be placed to 
your Account with Coutts. I give you all this in a very 
loose Stile, but I have not brought my papers here with 
me, having packed them for Wynnstay where I shall 
explain all at leisure to you, & shall hope to receive your 
approbation of my Stewardship. I consulted Lord 
Buckingham about placing it all in Exchange Bills, 
which he says is what he himself prefers to any other 
mode of disposing of it, inasmuch as it gives you 5 per 
cent, whereas you now receive only at the rate of 4, 
& that he thinks the Stocks will fall in the event of peace, 
when there will be more channels open for employing 
money, & consequently a less glut of it in the market. 
Antrobus, however thinks quite differently, & says that 
his opinion is that peace would inevitably raise the 
Stocks, & that Ministers (the moment they could) would 
pay off their Exchange Bills at a discount. So you may 
weigh all this & operate for yourself, & I only hope that 
wherever you may decide to place your Money, it may 
not be with ' The Board of Green Cloth.' 

" You are a very rich single man, & might, with what 
you have & a very tolerably portioned wife, be a very 
comfortable double one, which after all I am quite sure 
is the state from which you would derive most happiness. 
You talk of sowing Wild Oats because you hear others 
talk of it, not that it is a grain, the produce of which 
gives you satisfaction in reaping, or can satisfy the 
natural manly object of your mind ; I say without 
reference to any human Being, as I am quite sure I have 
not in view one whom I could myself point out to you, 
but many there are, I am persuaded who would make 



126 LADY WILLIAMS WYNN'S STEWARDSHIP [CHAP, x 

you a much happier & more respectable man than any 
Sower of Wild Oats, & it does grudge me as well as 
grieve me to see such valuable years of such a valuable 
life so passed. Without profession, without Parliament, 
a good & sensible man can make himself of the most 
essential use to his fellow Creatures, & in so doing put to 
profit those natural, as well as acquired, powers which 
were never given to be hid in the Earth like the un- 
profitable Talent. I must not sermonize one moment 
longer as my letter is called for, but you could not 
expect that I would notify to you so much 3 per cent, 
without making you pay for it by reading a little of a 
Mother's tediousness which I certainly bestow upon 
you as heartily as any Guardee that ever gave up a 
Charge." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" INVKBABY, Sunday Evening, July llth, 1808. 

" I will soon proceed to thank you in a more detailed 
manner for your letter, the receipt of which I barely 
acknowledged before I left Walkinshaw. 

" From what I had heard from you I certainly 
expected a large balance in my favour, but I never dreamt 
of its exceeding 3,000, 1 am most sincere in my thanks 
to you in this respect, but I trust that you will believe 
me equally so, when I assure you that I consider this, 
as one of the least subjects of gratitude which I have 
toward you, during your long Stewardship, & that 
this last act was not requisite to my conviction of your 
being the most economical, at the same time that you 
were the most affectionate & best of Guardians. I 
should not have mentioned thus much, did I not receive 
the greatest pleasure in endeavouring to express that 
which I feel most warmly. I shall not say anything 
with respect to the remainder of your letter, as I have 
already discussed the subject with you, & I fear that 
notwithstanding all your excellent reasoning, I still 
incline to my opinion, that a man ought to remain single 
till he is perfectly convinced that he will make a good 
married one ; that conviction I have not, & I therefore 
think I had better remain as I am for some time longer." 



1808] DUNROBIN 127 

The Same 

" DAI.WYNNIE INN, August 1th at night. 

"Altho' there was not anyone at Dunrobin but 
Lady Stafford and Gower, 1 our stay there was most 
delightful. I have already mentioned how very civil 
our hostess was, I always thought her pleasant & affable, 
but I had not the least idea of her having so much 
quiz; whatever remarks took place after a visit from 
the natives, I never saw any person do the Honours of 
the place better, or in a more gratifying way to them 
during their Stay. 

" It appears that Lord Stafford is perfectly right in 
remaining quiet at Trentham, as he is as unpopular as 
she is liked. All the Clan have now free access, whereas 
when he was down he wanted to establish public days 
like those at Alnwick, which Laurey, was too proud to 
submit to saying, that the object of his visit was civility, 
and not to add to the pomp of the family. With all her 
popularity, she is very much abused for turning off last 
year a great number of small tenants who had held land 
under the family for upwards of two hundred years, 
& making large sheep farms, but I very much doubt 
whether in a few years, they will not feel the advantage 
of this new plan. At present nothing can exceed their 
poverty & misery, & yet, there is hardly a day Labourer 
in the County of Sutherland. Every family has a small 
farm which they are too poor to stock with sheep or 
cattle, & in a bad year, as the last, when all their Oats 
were spoilt with the rain, they are reduced to absolute 
Starvation. I have seen misery in Wales, but till I 
came into this Country, I had no idea of human or 
indeed any other Creature existing in such habitations 
as I have seen, & their food is, if possible, still worse. 
Lady Stafford is doing everything in her power to make 
them more comfortable by building better Cottages & 
encouraging them to fish on the coast, but they are too 
much addicted to filth to enjoy the former, & too idle to 
attempt the latter. 

" Tomorrow we go to the Duke of Athol's." 

1 Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland, only dau. and h. of 19th E. of 
Sutherland; mar. 1785, George, E. of Stafford, Baron Gower (after- 
wards 1st D. of Sutherland). She died 1830. 



CHAPTER XI 

1809 

DURING the autumn of 1808 Henry was planning a tour 
in Spain, where affairs were assuming very hostile 
appearances. The much criticised and debated Con- 
vention of Cintra, signed on August 30th, was barren of 
results, and the ink was barely dry before a " Treaty " 
had been concluded between France and Spain for the 
partition of Portugal. This Treaty was practically the 
signal for the opening of the Peninsular War. 

Henry was still nominally H.M. Minister at Dresden, 
and therefore had to obtain leave from his chief at the 
Foreign Office before starting on his journey; but he 
greatly desired something more than mere official per- 
mission, and hoped to be an accredited Envoy from 
the Government. 

His cousin Lord Ebrington attached himself to 
General Cameron's Army as, according to Henry's 
report, a jranc-tireur, and gave his family at home 
considerable anxiety during the anxious days of 
December 1808 and January 1809. 

From Rt. Hon. Thos. Grenville to Henry W. W. W. 

" BOCONNOO, September 14th, 1808. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, Yesterday's post brought me 
your letter of the 10th. enclosing the copy of your letter 
to Canning, which appears to me to be in every respect 
quite unobjectionable, & very much what I had wished 
it, because tho' it was easy enough to write an angry 
letter, & tho' there was ample provocation afforded for 

128 



1808] HENRY IN THE PENINSULA 129 

it, you will, I am sure, have satisfied yourself of the 
superiority that you maintain upon this occasion, by the 
temper & good sense which you have opposed to so 
strange a deficiency of both. I do sincerely believe 
that upon better reflection Canning will be ashamed of 
himself, & tho' I do not expect that he will have the 
grace or honesty to acknowledge it, I think you judge 
perfectly right in waiting three or four days in London 
for the possible result of your letter. Having no longer 
no motive to detain me here, I shall quit this place on 
Friday, & have written to Watkin to say that I will be at 
Llangedwyn on the 29th, where or at Wynnstay, I hope 
to have the pleasure of seeing my dear Henry. 

" Ever most affectionately yours, 

" THOS. GBENVILLE." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" LISBON, December 15th, 1808. 

" Despatches were received this morning from Sir 
John Moore, 1 dated at Salamanca the 7th. inst., by 
which it appears that the accounts received by Sir D. 
Baird s of the immense slaughter of the French, where 
they three times in vain attempted to take possession of 
Madrid, & the Spirit which again began to shew itself 
in the North, had occasioned a complete change in the 
plan which the defeat of Blake & Romana had obliged 
him to adopt. In the first moment he considered his 
Junction with Moore as impossible & had actually began 
his retreat from Astorga towards Vigo with an idea of 
coming round to this place. At the date of Sir John 
Moore's despatches Sir D. Baird was again advancing 
with the greatest prospect of being able to effect a 
Junction." 

1 Sir John Moore, born 1761 ; 3rd s. of John Moore, M.D. He 
entered the Army 1776, and saw service in America. He was Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the British troops in Spain 1808. While proceed- 
ing to the relief of Madrid, he was cut off, and retreated to Corunna, 
where, after saving his Army from total destruction, he fell, mortally 
wounded, during the embarkation of his troops (1809). 

a Sir David Baird, 1st Bart. ; born 1757. Entered the Army at 
15; distinguished himself at Seringapatam 1799; Commander-in- 
Chief at the capture of the Cape of Good Hope. He lost an arm at 
the Battle of Corunna. He mar. 1810, Anne Preston Menzjes Camp- 
bell, He d.s.p. 1829, 



130 HENRY IN THE PENINSULA [CHAP, xi 

Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" LISBON, December Slat, 1808. 

" I returned here two days ago from the Tour which 
I announced in my last letter to Harriet, & was very 
vexed to find that Ebrington & the XlVth arrived here 
the very day of my departure, luckily I was just in 
time to see him, but he set out early the next morning 
for Sir J. Moore's Army which however I fear there is 
little chance of his reaching. He is gone a jranc-tireur 
with General Cameron, 1 meaning to ride Post Horse 
the whole way without taking a second Coat, & hardly 
a change of Linen. This may, I think, be called 
roughing it. 

" Everything is going on as ill as possible, & I have 
been obliged to renounce my original plan of going by 
Badajos & Seville to Cadiz. 

" A part of the French Army has already crossed the 
Tagus, & are in possession of Truxille & Merida, parties 
of Cavalry have also been seen no great distance from 
Badajos, so that I fear the game is completely up. The 
odds are also highly in favour of the French being in 
possession of this place in a month's time, for there is not 
any British Force sufficient to prevent them. . . . With 
a fair wind we shall be there (Cadiz) in a day & a half or 
two days, without ever being out of sight of land, & as 
the French cannot fly over the Sierra Morena, I shall at 
least have time to look about me, & by making Cadiz 
my head Quarters, I shall always be in reach of Gibraltar. 
After passing a horrible night at Castanheira, we reached 
Lisbon the next day. The House was better than at 
Torres Vedras, but as ill luck would have it, we had not 
been there long before we were greeted by the arrival of 
Bagage Carts returning from Sir J. Moore's Army, the 

1 General Sir Alexander Cameron, born 1781. Was one of the 
officers trained in camp at Shorncliffe by Sir John Moore. He was 
present at the Battle of Vimeiro in 1808, and during Sir John Moore's 
retreat he was engaged with the Reserve Army in covering actions. 
He specially distinguished himself at the Battle of Corunna. After- 
wards he served throughout the Peninsular War under Wellington. 
He was wounded at Waterloo. He is said to have been ' ' one of the 
very best officers of light troops ever trained by Moore and employed 
by Wellington." The regiment under his command was then known 
as 95th Rifles now the Rifle Brigade. He died 1850. 



1809] PRINCE AND PRINCESSE DE CONDE 131 

drivers of which, were by turns so jovial & quarrelsome, 
that all sleep was set at defiance till near 2. As soon as 
they were quieted, the house was again put in confusion 
by the arrival of a fresh party, with a noisy child who 
having taken possession of our sitting-room, rendered 
a general removal of our effects necessary, & to conclude 
our night adventures, they, towards day break, with 
great acclamations, arrested a poor unoffensive Swede 
as a French Spy." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

"WYNNSTAY, January 1th, 1809. 

" I need not tell you my beloved Henry, what delight 
it gave me to open a letter from you describing a Sea 
Voyage as a party of pleasure. I am very happy to 
learn that you have been so well received by Sir J. 
Craddock, through him you will at least hear as much 
of the state of Spain as is to be picked up at Lisbon. 

" Lord Buckingham is talking of removing soon to 
Bath, which stops my project of halting there in my way 
up. George 1 is in full force in the midst of the Christmas 
Circle, but still panting for Spain. Lady Buckingham 
has been amusing herself with writing an Epigram 
on the Prince & Princesse de Conde, 2 which might 
have begun ' Unlike my subject will I make my Song ' 
having certainly in it a good deal more Spirit of all sorts 
than the Hero, & Heroine of it. The refrain is : 

" Pop, pop, pop. Oh. Oh. Oh. 

"Tis the Princess of Mo-na-co 2 

Who with Cupid's Bow 

Laid Cond6 low 

And without fear of miscarriage 

Consents to a marriage. 

Now at Gosfield Hall their Wedding they do keep 
And in the Green Velvet Parlour the noble Couple sleep." 

" This is quite Christmas Grub dearest, but I have 
nothing better for you, & to go on in the same stile, I 

1 George, Ld. Buckingham's 2nd s., afterwards Ld. Nugent. 

Prince and Princess of Conde. The Prince was a distinguished 
French General. He died in 1815, aged 79. He mar. the Princesse 
de Monaco. 



182 PORTUGUESE TROOPS [CTTAP. xi 

must tell you that there never was anything so improved 
or so agreeable as little Mr. Shipley. . . . 

" We have as much eating & drinking in these parts 
as they could have had in the days of Noah, but no 
giving in marriage. Catherine Neville l who is the great 
fountain of Intelligence on those Subjects, tells us that 
Lord Palmerstone * is to marry Lady F. Pratt, 1 which 
seems a remarkably neat Ministerial Alliance." 



From Henry W. W. W. to his sister Charlotte (Mrs. Shipley) 

" ELVAS, January 10th, 1809. 

" MY DEAREST CHARLOTTE, There are about 1,200 
British Troops here commanded by Colonel Kemmis 
of the 40th, who has received me most hospitably & 
shown me the Lions which are very well worth seeing, & 
particularly Port La Lippe which is in the first Class of 
Fortifications. There are still the marks of the Shells, 
which were thrown by the Spaniards when the French 
retained possession of the Fortress after the Convention 
of Cintra. When the French advanced to Prenillo, the 
British Force here were in a very critical situation & 
Kemmis made every preparation to throw himself into 
the Fortress: It is impossible to conceive any thing 
more ridiculous than the appearance of the Portugueze 
Troops here. I wish Harriet could see a few of them at 
Drill. I do not know which are worse, the old Troops 
or the new Levies. It grieves me to see the English 
Muskets placed in such hands, they have not the least 
energy or Spirit. Colonel Keaimis does every thing in 
his power to make something of them, but without any 
success. 

" We are as yet without any intelligence from Sir J. 
Moore's Army, we have reports of a great victory on the 
28th & 29th, but I fear that there is little reliance to be 
placed in them. A Gentleman arrived to-day from 

1 Hon. Catherine Neville, eld. dau. of 2nd Ld. Braybrooke. She 
died unmar. 1841. 

1 Henry, 3rd Vise. Palmereton ; born 1784; mar. 1839, Emily, dau. 
1st Vise. Melbourne and widow of 5th Earl Cowper. He was Prime 
Minister 1855-8 and 1859 until his death 1865. 

3 Lady F. Pratt, dau. of 1st Marq. of Camden. Died unmar. 1822. 



1809] HOME NEWS 133 

Seville, where they were as much in the dark as we are. 
I shall see General Cuesta l to-morrow at Badaos but 
I have no expectations of hearing anything from him. 
Col. Kemmis was obliged to send an English officer to 
follow the traces of the French Army, who were at 
Prentillo as no Spaniard would go. . . ." 



From Harriet W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

"WYNNSTAY, January 21s*, 1809. 

" MY DEAREST HENRY, I have to thank you for a 
very long & entertaining letter which I received last 
week. This morning's post brought us two letters from 
you, one for Mama & the other for Charles, & likewise 
a letter from my Uncle Tom, mentioning that he had 
heard from you & wished very much to answer you, but 
thought it so unlikely that a letter could reach you in 
your present unsettled State, that he would wait for 
future directions. He expresses some uneasiness about 
Ebrington, whom he had not heard from, but supposed 
he had joined Sir J. Moore's Army, for the safety of 
which he says all London are in the greatest anxiety ; 
the News grows daily so much worse that you will not 
wonder at our not being much delighted with your 
letter to-day, announcing your intention of going to 
Cadiz, however I hope there can be no fear of your not 
being able to go faster than the Army, even supposing 
you are in so bad a predicament as to fall in their way. . . . 
We have just had Sir Foster, 2 Harriet, Sir Richard 
Brooke & Brooke on their way from Porkington where 
they went to a Play, Farce, Supper & Ball, to which all 
the County were asked except us, which is exceedingly 
rude in Ormsby, 3 as we asked nobody to ours & therefore 
there was no cause for her to take affront however we 
easily comforted ourselves for the loss of a ten mile 

1 A Spanish General, at this time 83 years of age. 

* Sir Foster Cunliffe. 

8 Miss Mary Jane Ormsby, only child and h. of Owen Ormsby, of 
Porkington, Shropshire. Miss Ormsby was born 1781 ; mar. 1815, 
William Gore, M.P., who assumed the additional surname of Ormsby. 
Their e. became 1st Baron Harlech. 



134 PORKINGTON THEATRICALS [CHAP, xi 

drive & back in a deep snow. They said the performance 
was excellent. They all came back delighted, saying 
that it was the best acting they ever saw, that Mr. 
Wingfield l was really excellent his poor Wife amused 
them all by her fidgets, whenever there was any stop or 
hitch, her voice was heard speaking to herself ' Good 
Heavens ! Whats the matter ! I know it can't be my 
Rowland I dressed him quite ready,' &c., &c. Miss 
Gore, likewise excellent. Price very pompous in a gay 
white satin dress with Mama's precious diamond Pins 
in his hat, & very much affronted at being made to act 
a Servant in the Farce, saying he could not think it 
quite proper for a man in his situation to act Servant 
& Livery Servant too. Little Lloyd * very shy, & very 
bad. Miss Ormsby acted Ghost, as white as chalk & 
as graceful as a Mop Stick. Whitittall Davies taught 
her how to act it, & amused them all by desiring her 
gravely to endeavour to sail in, always keeping her 
draperies extended in a Horizontal Position. Mr. Bourke 
has made a caricature of her with all her draperies 
(beginning at the shoulders) extending in a horizontal 
position & fat W. Davies kneeling below, endeavouring 
by blowing with a Bellows, to keep the draperies in his 
favourite position. The ' Mock Doctor ' was very good 
but very short. They began it with a Prologue written 
by Mr. Kynaston * & spoke by him in the Character of 
Merlin, & Harriet Pigott as a female Ariel (which grieved 
her, as she is particularly fond of appearing in Male 
Attire, having acted Earl Surrey last year in a tight knit 
dress in order to show her knees, which as she is deformed 
are said exactly to resemble the Goblin Page's but 
nevertheless she is exceedingly partial to them) I thought 
it particularly stupid in reading & so did they find in the 
acting. 

" I have now told you all our Porkington news & 
must leave off. . . . 

" I must tell you of Forester, 4 who arrived at Belvoir 
in a wig & a pair of goggles, as an Irish Dean, & took 

1 Mr. Wingfield of Onslow, Shropshire. 

William Lloyd of Aston, Shropshire, born 1779. 

8 Mr. Kynaston, afterwards Sir Edward, 2nd Bart. 

Cecil Forester of Willey, 1st Baron, 1821 ; born 1767; died 1828. 



1809] CORUNNA 135 

them all in so completely that the Duke introduced 
him in sober sadness to the Bishop of Durham ! " 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, January 29th, 1809. 

" The disastrous Events which accompanied the 
Retreat from Corunna have no doubt reached you, but 
as you may not get any English Newspapers with the 
names of those who have fallen, I cannot think it 
superfluous to say that thank God none immediately 
connected with us are of the number. You will see poor 
Cavendish, 1 (Lord George's second Son) Young Walde- 
grave, Lord Waldegrave's Brother, & Captain Ducken- 
field mentioned as having been lost in one of the trans- 
ports on the Manacle Rocks, I really think this more 
heart-breaking than if they had fallen in battle. Poor 
Lady Waldegrave s has certainly been tried in the 
school of affliction more heavily than almost any body 
I have known of her age. Her husband who she doated 
on, was carried off by a fever at 30 years old. Her little 
Son was drowned at Eton, her only daughter died in her 
arms in child bed, her two only sisters died prematurely, 
& now this poor boy falls a Sacrifice (I believe) in his 
first Campaign. Lord Proby * came, or is coming home 
with Sir Samuel Hood, 4 but of our dear Ebrington, we 
have not yet heard anything. I hope he found his way 
across to Vigo from Almeida, or that he has returned to 
Lisbon, but I would give a great deal to know it. 

" You will or will not see in the Newspapers that some 
part of that beautiful Edifice of St. James's Palace has 
been burnt down. Poor Lady Charlotte Finch and her 
sick Grand-daughter were obliged to be moved in the 

1 George Cavendish, born 1782, grandson of 4th Duke of Devon- 
shire. 

a Elizabeth, Lady Waldegrave, dau. of 2nd Earl Waldegrave ; mar. 
1782 her cousin, 4th Earl, who died 1789. She died 1816. 

8 John, Ld. Proby, afterwards 2nd Earl Carysfort. A General in 
the English Army; d. unmar. 1828. 

* Sir Samuel Hood, 2nd s. of Henry, 2nd Vise. Hood ; born 1 788 ; 
BUC. his uncle to the Barony of Bridport in 1814 ; mar. 1810 Charlotte, 
only dau. and h. of William, 1st Earl Nelson, and as such, Duchess 
of Bront6. She died 1872. He died 1868. 

10 



136 FIRE AT ST. JAMES'S PALACE [CHAP, xi 

middle of one of those bitter nights. I learn, however, 
that neither have materially suffered & au reste the 
misfortune will not be very great. All I feared was 
that it might have been so burnt as to justify setting 
about building a new Palace, which I should certainly 
have much grudged for the use now made of it. ..." 



CHAPTER XII 

18091812 

IN 1809 the attention of the whole country was sud- 
denly diverted from the affairs on the Continent by the 
charges brought up by Colonel Wardle in the House of 
Commons against the Duke of York, Commander-in- 
Chief. Mrs. Clarke, the Duke's mistress, was accused of 
trafficking in promotions and commissions, not only in 
the Army, but also in the Church. She was examined at 
the Bar of the House of Commons, and conducted herself 
with much levity. She pleaded, in defence, that the 
Duke had knowledge of all her transactions, and con- 
nived at them. Colonel Wardle became, for a time, the 
popular idol, as his persistence in dragging the whole 
scandalous affair to light pleased the public temper. 
He was not, however, entirely blameless, himself, with 
regard to the lady, and his own reputation was not 
enhanced by the proceedings, though for the moment 
he was regarded as a hero. A medal was struck to 
commemorate his action, and he was presented with 
the freedom of the city of London. 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February 19th, 1809. 

"... Ebrington contrived to give us all a compleat 
fidget about him for one fortnight, during which we 
knew of his having left Lisbon, but could not make out 
what was become of him, four letters however from him 

137 



138 THE DUKE OF YORK [CHAP, xii 

at last arrived & set us at case. This horrid business of 
the Duke of York & Mrs. Clarke occupies all conversation 
as much, as you will see, it does the newspapers, & I am 
shocked to find such Topics brought into general dis- 
cussion between all the young Gentlemen and Gentle- 
women of the best Ton & manners. The Gossip of the 
last four & twenty hours announces his resignation 
tomorrow, & some add that he means to demand an 
impeachment, being pretty sure from recent precedent 
what the result of that appeal would be, & that after 
consuming a great deal of time, & a great deal of red 
Cloth, Lord Gwydir l would be the only person benefitted. 
It is, however an ill wind that blows nobody any good, 
& Ministers have, I Fancy, congratulated themselves a 
little on the diversation which this enquiry has made of 
the public attention from the exterior events of the last 
six months. 

" Everybody speaks of Lord Grenville's speech on the 
American Embargo, the division on it was reckoned 
extraordinaryly good. Neither Lord Ch m 2 nor the 
Duke of Rutland s appeared, which rather makes 
speculations." 



From Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BBOOK STREET, February 21th. 

" London appears particularly dull, the disgraceful 
business before the House of Commons has been so 
exclusively the Topic of all discourse, & is so un- 
pleasant to discuss, that I think even the dreadful 
calamity of the burning of Drury Lane will not be quite 
without it's advantage, if it makes people think & talk 
of something else. How providential that it should 
not have been the night of any performance at the 
Theatre, so violent, so rapid a Fire was, I believe, 
scarcely ever known. It has been calculated that from 
the time of its first breaking out to that of the falling 

1 Sir Peter Burrell, 1st Baron ; born 1754 ; mar. 1779, Lady Pris- 
cilla Bertie, dau. and co-h. of 3rd D. of Ancaster. He died 1820. 

1 Ld. Chatham. 

3 John, 5th D. of Rutland; born 1778; mar. Lady Elizabeth, 
dau. of 5th E. of Carlisle. He died 1857. 



1809] BURNING OF DRURY LANE 139 

in of the roof & Cistern, the interval was not sufficient 
for one half of the number of the audience to have 
escaped. The sight was most tremendous, as the Air 
was illuminated like noon-day for miles round, so that 
every-body's first impression seems to have been that 
the fire must be in the next street. The Princess of 
Wales had a Party at Kensington from whence I hear 
the sight was uncommonly fine, the reflextion of the 
fiery sky in the Serpentine with the shade of the leafless 
Trees thrown across it must have been magnificent." 

" Feb. 28th. Since writing the above I have seen the 
ruins of poor Drury Lane. Nothing is left standing but 
the Bow at the end which has certainly a far more beauti- 
tul effect from the outside than it had as a complete 
Building, the ruins were still smoking & the Engines in 
waiting, & frequently playing. . . . 

" You will be surprised to hear that our Moccas friends 
Miss Devereux l & Mr. Wellington are going to be married. 
I hear Lady Hereford 8 objects strongly at which no one 
can wonder, as it is certainly an alliance between la 
faim & la soif." 



From Lady W. W. to Mrs. Charles W. W. 

" BEOOK STREET, Thursday. 

"... The Newspapers just come in, & I hope from 
it that they have at last got through at least one side 
of this sad business, but what it is to end in, I believe 
nobody knows. Shocked I am to hear that there is 
actually a subscription opened in the City for purchasing 
an annuity of 1,000 per ann. for Mrs. Clarke ! That 
some have already put down their names to 100 & that 
they give out that sixpences will be received in order that 
the majority of the people may have the satisfaction of 
contributing. In the midst of all this however, I hope 
Charles has transmitted to you the compleat justification 
which our country-man Wardle's character has received 

1 Charlotte, 2nd dau. of 13th Vise. Hereford; mar. 1809, Henry 
Wellington, of Hay Castle, Hereford. He died 1868. She died 1861. 

8 Marianne, dau. and h. of George Devereux, of Tregoyd, Brecon ; 
mar. 1 768, George, 13th E. of Hereford. He died 1804. She died 1811. 



140 THE DUKE OF YORK [CHAP, xii 

as with respect to the nature of his interviews with Mrs. 
C. which is asserted to be purer than the driven snow 
itself. Lord Folkestone says that Mrs. W. has been 
quite as busy in the whole business as him, & that so 
clever, & so active a little woman he never saw. She 
opens all letters, makes minutes of all the conversations, 
& arranges all the evidence. I understand Mr. W. 
means to make a public declaration on this subject before 
the whole is closed. 

" Much has been said of the D. 1 asking for an Impeach- 
ment of which, after it has cost us all 10 a foot in 
timber & red Cloth, we know the result just as well at 
the beginning as at the end, but I rather fancy Ministry 
will try their strength or foully to bear him out." 



From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" GIBRALTAR, March nth, 1809. 

" When at Valentia I saw an Officer who had been 
taken Prisoner at Saragossa, & found means to escape, 
his account of their sufferings during the Siege, & the 
inhuman manner in which these Heroes were afterwards 
treated by the French Army was truly affecting. He 
represented the Town as one Mass of ruins, with the 
most violent Epidemic Fever which in one day carried 
off 600 Persons. . . . 

" I have as yet seen very little of this famous Rock 
but I never saw so exact a representation of it as the 
Panorama which was last year exhibited; as I sailed 
into Port, I was so well acquainted with the different 
Buildings &c., that it appeared as if I had been here 
before. I find myself completely in Pays de connaissance 
as the Captains of the three Ships happen to be particular 
friends of mine, Elphinstone Fleming, Brook Taylor's 
brother & Waldegrave, Lord Radstock's son. 

" I have not yet had time to devour the English 
Papers, but have of course, looked over the Duke of 
York's business. I cannot help thinking that it is 
rather beneath the dignity of Parliament to be occupied 

Duke of York. 



THE DUKE OF YORK 141 



in fratmhimg Mrs. Clarke * &c^ when so many other 
important objects require their attention. 
" Adieu my dearest Mother & 

" Believe me your Ever affectionate ft dutiful Son. 
"H. W. WILUAMS 



From Cftorfef IT. IT. IT. to Henry W. W. 

" 8t JAMB'S SQTTABB, Jfodk 



" Ministers seem to be determined, in spite of all 
the facts which have come out in evidence, to carry the 
accused * through, & even to TOfri'vfcMA him in hfe Office* 
I have myself great doubts whether they are strong 
enough even in doors to carry it, but if they should, the 
consequences out of doors will be most alarming. I 
heard yesterday at the Welsh Dinner, that there are 
addresses ready to be moved both in the City & West- 
minster in the event of the H. of C. deciding in the 
D's * favour praying for his removal & for the dissolution 
of so corrupt a Parliament, You will observe by his 
letter which was drawn up by the Cabinet that it is 
their intention, if possible, in the first instance to 
acquit him, & in the second, if that cannot be carried, 
to have an impeachment. A more absurd & nugatory 
proceeding cannot be conceived. The only crime that 
would warrant impeachment, is that of Corruption, 
which though there are strong grounds for suspecting, 
can scarcely be thought by anyone to be sufficiently 
proved by creditable witnesses to warrant a Peer in 
the Verdict of guilty. 

" By the Duke*s own letters, it however, appears 
clearly that he suffered this Woman to be a regular 
channel of military applications to him, & that through 
her, he returned answers, & it is .admitted that he made 
her Foot-boy an Ensign in the Army. These are facts, 
which though they are not such crimes as a Court of 

1 A Committee of the whole House was appointed to go into the 
matter. The Duke resigned his office before the proceeding* wen 
ended, and the investigation went no further. 

Duke of York. 



142 DUKE OF YORK AND MRS. CLARKE [CHAP, xii 

Justice could take cognizance of, yet prove such flagrant 
mis-conduct that the H. of C. would neglect their duty, 
if in some way they do not recommend that the person 
who has been guilty of them, should be removed from 
the important & responsible situation of Commander- 
in-Chief. 

" In one respect this business has been of service to 
Ministers, for it has diverted the public attention from 
Cintra & Corunna. Still you see how bad an appear- 
ance they have made on their divisions in both Houses. 
They have mismanaged the whole of the enquiry in a 
manner which cannot be conceived by any person who 
was not present. Their first intention after the charge 
assumed so serious a complexion was that the D. should 
resign, but by the threat of dismissal they were terrified 
into their present resolution of carrying him through. 
Still I doubt their being strong enough, particularly in 
their present state of disunion. Neither the Duke of 
Portland 1 nor Lord Chatham * nor the Duke of Rutland 
sent their proxies to the Division in the House of Lords, 
& from those in the House of Commons, Tichfield, Lord 
W. Bentinck & Cholmondeley were absent. The order 
for the House being called over may be of some service 
to them, by bringing up some of those who are waiting to 
determine which side they will take, but if forced to an 
early decision will, of course, take the inside. You will 
be glad to hear that Pitt's Speech on Cintra is universally 
allowed to be the best which has been made this year. 

" The burning of Drury Lane was without escep- 
tion, the most magnificent scene I ever yet witnessed. 
The whole atmosphere was illuminated as far as Windsor. 
The effect of it from Westminster Bridge where I saw it, 
was increased by the clear & unruffled reflextion of the 
flames in the water. The whole of that immense roof, 
& of the Apollo Tower above it was wrapt in one blaze, 
& the only representation which could give you an idea 
of it is Loutherbourg's of the fire of London, to which it 
bore a striking similarity, for you will recollect, that is 
taken from London Bridge at the moment of the con- 
flagration of the Steeple of St. Paul's. 

1 Prime Minister (March 1807 December 1809). 
* Master-General of Ordnance. 



1809] MRS. CLARKE'S LETTERS 143 

" Lord Morpeth 1 told me he had received a letter from 
Lord Holland of the 9th Feb. dated at Seville, but as 
you were not mentioned there, I suppose you had set off 
before that day. He represents the news of Moore's 
death & the embarkation to have produced the most 
unfavourable impression to our interests, & the refusal to 
admit our Troops into Cadiz seems still further to con- 
firm him. The Newspapers will inform you in how 
shabby a manner, Ministers, to justify themselves, laid 
the blame upon Moore, which every body knows ought 
to have rested on their own shoulders. On Cintra they 
made a most ridiculous figure. Castlereagh's speech 
was answered by Canning's, 1 & Perceval * took a ground 
still different from the other two. 

" You will perceive that I was on the select Committee 
for examining Mrs. Clarke's letters. Some were highly 
ridiculous, particularly one from O'Meara the Candidate 
for a Bishopric, who invites her to a Tour in Ireland, 
& assures her that he 4 will guard her from Pikes & 
threshing machines.' 

" Has Harriet told you of the accident which has pre- 
vented Sir Samuel Hood from taking his seat in the 
House or Hoisting his Flag ? He ordered his bed to be 
warmed, but got in without waiting for it, whereon the 
attentive Abigail without noticing that he was there 
inserted the warming pan with so much effect, that for 
these three weeks he has been unable to stand or sit. 

" To complete the present discredit of Royalty among 
us it is confidently stated that Lord Oxford has com- 
menced an action against the Duke of Cambridge.' If 
true, it is singularly unlucky that this should be the exact 
moment for such a circumstance coming out against the 
only one of the brothers who has hitherto maintained 
a decent & respectable character. 

" The Prince most wisely observes a strict neutrality 

1 Ld. Morpeth, afterwards 6th Earl of Carlisle; born 1773; mar. 
1801, Georgina, dau. of 5th Duke of Devonshire. He died 1848. 

* Canning, the Foreign Secretary, and Spencer Perceval, the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the Commons in the Duke of 
Portland's Ministry. 

3 Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge, 7th s. of King George III ; 
born 1774 ; mar. 1818, Princess Augusta, dau. of Landegrave of Hesse. 
He died 1850. 



144 SOCIETY SCANDAL [CHAP, xn 

during the whole enquiry & will neither be a party to the 
attack, or share the disgrace of his brother. Wardle is, 
of course the Hero of the mob, & will probably be 
Burdett's * Colleague at the next general Election. The 
effect which the business has produced through the 
country, is from all accounts unprecedented, & all the 
old Jacobin leaven is set in ferment to get petitions for 
reform in Parliament &c." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BBOOK STBEET, March 14th, 1809. 

" The horrible event in the Paget family makes 
perhaps a worthy diversion of the public attention from 
Mrs. Clarke. His family are all in the deepest affliction, 
& to poor Lord Uxbridge 2 it will probably in mercy be 
a deathe blow. His grey hairs have, in truth been 
brought by his Children with sorrow to the Grave, & 
affords a striking Contrast to those which (in despite of 
Age) might if it were possible receive the brilliant 
colours of Youth from the kindness of good Conduct of 
such Relatives. God Almighty bless you individually 
my beloved Son for your valuable Contribution to this 
message of happiness. Adieu. All the Parent^ are 
well & comme a 1'ordinaire. Very dull Operas without 
Singers, or Beaux, no Theatres, no Balls, No Assemblies 
even. 

" In reading over my letter it occurs to me that you 
may, by missing your Newspapers, not know that 

1 Sir F. Burdett (1770-1844), 3rd a. of Sir Robert, 4th Bart. ; mar. 
1793, Sophia, dau. of the great banker, Thomas Coutts. First entered 
Parliament 1796. An active opponent to the Tories, and a keen 
advocate for Parliamentary reform. He seconded Col. Wardle's 
motion for an enquiry into the conduct of the Duke of York on the 
bestowal of Commissions. After many Parliamentary vicissitudes, he 
threw his influence, in 1837, on the Conservative side, and represented 
North Wilts in that interest until his death. 

* Henry Bayly, who took the name of Paget on succeeding his 
cousin as 9th Baron. He was created Earl of Uxbridge in 1784. Mar. 
Jane, dau. of Very Rev. Arthur Champagne, Dean of Clonmacnoise, 
By her he bad twelve children. Died 1812. 



1809] SOCIETY SCANDAL 145 

it, alludes to Lord Paget's l having gone off a 
week ago with Lady Charlotte Wellesley, leaving 8 
Children in his own house & 4 in hers. What a mis- 
fortune to his family that he did not find in Spain the 
Tomb of honour which they say he so eagerly sought. 
For his Companion in disgrace we must in charity 
remember the heavy degree of insanity which prevails 
throughout her family, but it is indeed horrible & 
alarming to see how these instances of depravity 
multiply upon us." 



From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" CADIZ, April 23rd, 1809. 

" I am heartily tired of this place, yet being in daily 
expectation of embarking, I know not where to go to, 
the only Society here is that of the Merchants who 
are mostly Hiberno-Spanish, a transplantation which 
has not at all succeeded. 

" Lord & Lady Holland came here a fortnight ago, 
but at the end of two days Her Ladyship found that 
there was no possibility of existing here, & nothing 
would content her, but returning to Seville, apparently 
Men malgre Lord Holland, who does not, however, I 
think, appear very anxious to get back to England. 
The fact is he is so completely a Spaniard that his opinion 
of the cause is very different from that entertained by 
the opposition in England, & he therefore prefers remain- 
ing here, to expressing his Sentiments in England. He 
has been sanguine all along, but is now more so than 
ever. Affairs certainly now bear a rather better appear- 
ance than some time ago, & if there is any thing like an 
active Government I should be as high in my expecta- 
tions as any one, at present they will think themselves 

1 Henry William, 2nd Earl of Uxbridge and afterwards 1st Marquess 
of Anglesey. A very distinguished soldier, at Waterloo and in 
the Peninsula. Field-Marshal. He mar. 1st in 1795, Caroline, dau. of 
4th E. of Jersey, by whom he had eight children. (She mar. 1810 
6th D. of Argyll.) He mar. 2ndly, 1810, Charlotte, dau. of 1st Earl 
Cadogan and wife of Hon. Sir Henry Wellesley (afterwards Earl 
Cowley), by whom he had six children, 



146 POLITICS [CHAP, xn 

very well off, if the French leave them in Statu quo 
without attacking them. The number of discontents 
is very great, & the Central Junta seem more occupied in 
publishing Proclamations declaring it to be High Treason 
to speak ill of them, than in providing for the public 
safety." 



From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" PALL MALL, May Uth, 1809. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, The most marked feature which 
has appeared in politics since I last wrote to you has 
been the widening of the breach between the moderate 
& the violent parts of the Opposition. It is not sur- 
prising that the latter have been so long elated by 
Wardle's success & popularity that they no longer keep 
any measures, but bring on their own motions without 
concert or communication, & stay away from those 
which originate from us. You will perceive, if the 
' Statesman ' should reach you, that I was invited to 
the City Dinner but did not think it advisable to commit 
myself among so many red hot radical reformers. 
Madocks has twice brought forward a Charge against 
Castlereagh & Perceval l for selling seats, but with less 
ability than those who rate him lowest could have 
expected. In the meantime the moderate part of the 
Opposition excuse themselves from going into enquiries 
into abuses, which having been common to all adminis- 
trations can be productive of no other consequence 
but that of injuring in the public feeling the character 
of every man who has ever held a considerable public 
situation, by their support to a bill introduced by Curwen 
to prevent the sale of seats in the future. This is a 
practical & not speculative improvement, & may 
undoubtedly (if carried) produce much advantage. That 
it will be carried is however, very doubtful, as it will 
be opposed by all the violent, both among the Jacobins 
& Anti- jacobins. Some very sharp language past in 

1 These charges of corrupt practices were negatived, and the matter 
subsequently dropped by Parliament, 



1809] POLITICS 147 

the House on Friday between Ponsonby & Whitbread 
in consequence of the latter having reprobated the 
conduct of Austria in going to war as perfidious towards 
France. Meantime Administration flounders on awk- 
wardly & disgracefully indeed, but still notwithstanding 
the defection of County Members & Country Gentlemen 
upon several late occasions, they go on & will I have no 
doubt continue so to do unless some calamity great 
enough to render the situation of the Country irretriev- 
able should oblige them to make room for men of 
superior abilities, when no abilities may be sufficient to 
avert our fate. Tierney the other day on somebody's 
telling him that Ministers were much frightened, answered 
it might be, but that like frightened Horses they would 
remain in the Stable till they were burnt. Lord 
Wellesley's z acceptance of the Spanish Mission excited 
very general surprise, especially as not three days before 
he had the promise of the Seals of the War Department 
in case Castlereagh had been voted out of the House 
of Commons, in consequence of which all his friends 
such as Sir H. Montgomery, Blatchford, Prendergast & 
Allan voted in opposition on that occasion. I must, 
however, freely allow that I think it the best appoint- 
ment that could be made, & only regret that it did not 
take place last year. Why he continues dawdling here 
I cannot conceive, unless it is to provide carriages & 
other Gegaw nonsense to encrease the splendor of his 
Mission. The folly & impropriety of Frere's conduct 
have been so universally reprobated on all sides, that 
there is little fear that even the arrogance of his Patron 
should soon bring him back into diplomatic employ- 
ment. 

" So much for public news of which if Lord Holland is 
with you at Cadiz you will probably hear more than I 
can tell you. I feel somewhat afraid of his being en- 
snared by the enragez, but as Lord Grey has entirely 
separated from Whitbread & continues to agree & co- 

1 Sam. Whitbread; born 1758; M.P. 1790; an ardent follower 
of Charles Fox; mar. 1789, Lady Elizabeth, dau. of 1st Ld. Grey. 
He died, by his own hand, 1815. 

* Richard Wellesley, eld. s. of 1st Earl of Mornington ; born 1760; 
Gov.-Gen. of India 1799 ; raised to an Irish Marq. in that year. He 
died 1842. 



148 POLITICAL GOSSIP [CHA*. xn 

operate entirely with Lord Grenville, I trust Lord H. 
will be safe." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" WYCOMBE, July 12th. 

" Pray what think you of your worthy Countryman 
Mr. Wardle ? I verily think he must now sorely lament 
his Coyness in refusing the presents offered him, which 
never could have been applied in more strict justice than 
in discharging his engagements to Mrs. Clarke. They 
say he is quite ruined, that there are of course many 
other demands upon him of this same nature & with 
the same claim, & that nothing but his being in Parlia- 
ment keeps him out of the Fleet. I grieve for his poor 
Mother who from her age & seclusion might under any 
circumstance of less flagrant Notoriety than these, have 
carried to her Grave the vanity of having given a second 
Cato to the World. The Triumph & Exultation of the 
Yorkists is very great, though certainly founded on 
the gratification of the foul spirit of revenge. Not a 
shade the fairer do they grow for any die deeper than 
black with which their adversary may be spattered. It is 
not a week ago since a Gentleman calling on the D. of Y. 
found his Hall filled with Camp equipage, & some will 
still believe that if the d6but in Holland is tolerably 
promising, he will still follow & supersede Lord Chatham 
but I can not think they would dare to hazard a measure 
so unpopular. A Military Man (Col. Le Marchant) 
dined here to-day & says there are no less than 800 
pieces of amunition of different sorts to be embarked, 
which he thinks must be to assist the Prussians who are 
without any, & to enable us to defend some de*pot & post 
of valliement. He says no siege of importance will be 
undertaken so late. Lord Wellesley lingers still, pro- 
fessedly from Gout, but many think to watch for the 
D. of Portland's death which the medical people say 
cannot be averted another month. I should however 
take great odds in that event on Lord Bath 8t ' against 

1 Ld. Bathurst, 3rd Earl ; born 1762 ; President of Board of Trade 
1807-12 ; Sec. of War and Colonies 1812-27 ; Pres. of the Council 
1828-30 ; mar. Lady Georgina, dau. of Ld. George Lennox, and 
sister to the 4th Duke of Richmond. He died 1834. 



1810] SOCIAL GOSSIP 149 

the field. Lady Bath. & all the young family were to 
succeed me last Sunday at Dropmore, & Lord Bath 8 * to 
follow them on Tuesday ' if he possibly could.' I suppose 
it more than possible or probable that he has found he 
* could not ' but I cannot at all for my part understand 
his having the option. Tierney * likewise went there 
on Sunday, which I was very glad of, as the report was 
again most sedulously spread in London that he was off." 



From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" PORTSMOUTH, August llth, 1810. 

" I dined yesterday at Lord Keith's, 8 who lives about 
six miles from this place. I was surprised to find Her 
Ladyship is again in a family way, so that Miss Mercer 
may still lose her Irish Title. As you have not any 
Correspondents in London, you may not have heard of 
Lady Westmorland's * attempt to kill herself. She had 
had a violent dispute with His Lordship about her going 
abroad again, & taking the child with her, which ended 
by her announcing her intention of stabbing herself, to 
which Lord Westmoreland 3 only replied pooh, pooh, & 
went away, not thinking that any such good fortune 
would happen to him, in a few minutes she rung for 
Lord W. who found her covered with blood. I do not 
understand that the Wound was either deep or 
dangerous, of that probably Her Ladyship took very 
good care." 

An event of great family interest now looms large in 
the letters sent to Henry on his travels. Harriet, who 

1 George Tierney; born 1761. An eminent politician. In May 
1798 he fought a duel with William Pitt on Wimbledon Common. He 
held office under Ld. Grenville 1806, and Canning in 1826. He died 
1830. 

* George, 1st Vise., Admiral ; mar. 1st in 1787, Jane, dau. of Wil- 
liam Mercer, of Aldie^by whom he had one dau., Margaret [Miss Mercer], 
who mar. Comte de Flahault and became, on her father's death, 
Baroness Keith) ; he mar. 2ndly in 1808, Hester Marie, dau. of Henry 
Theale and his wife (afterwards Mrs. Piozzi). Ld. Keith died 1823. 

3 John, 10th E. of Westmorland; born 1759; mar. 1st, 1782, 
Sarah, only dau. and h. of John Child, of Osterley. She died 1793. 
He mar. 2ndly, 1800, Jane, dau and co-h. of R. H. Saunders, M.D. 
She died 1857. He died 1841. 



150 HARRIET'S MARRIAGE [CHAP, xii 

could not be persuaded to look favourably upon the 
eligible Sir Charles Saxton as a suitor, fixes her affections 
irrevocably upon Mr. Cholmondeley of Vale Royal. 
That his wooing was handicapped and thwarted by the 
attitude of Lady Williams Wynn and the brothers and 
sisters is very evident, but at last the elderly suitor was 
permitted to put the question, which, it would seem, 
the young lady was all eager to answer, and Mr. 
Cholmondeley carried off his bride in triumph. 

Henry hears of the likelihood of this event, as a 
rumour from travellers recently out from England ; 
then, weeks after its accomplishment, he receives letters 
of confirmation. 

Meanwhile, in his wanderings in Syria, he meets his 
cousin Lady Hester Stanhope. The letters describing 
this meeting are well prefaced by one from Lord Ebring- 
ton, written before Lady Hester began her journeys in 
the East, and when her eccentricities were less pro- 
nounced than in later years. When this strange lady 
left England in 1810 there was no reason to think that 
she had any fixed ideas to her future. Sir John Moore's 
death was a blow to the high hopes she had cherished ; 
whether under different circumstances they would have 
matured, we cannot tell, but the toll of Corunna had 
blighted them, and she drifted,without settled anchorage, 
to Syria, where the lure of the East enveloped her. 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" CADIZ, September llth, 1810. 

" I have not heard a word from England since I left 
it, my natural anxiety to have a letter is augmented 
by a report which Freemantle brought respecting 
Harriet. It is particularly provoking that at this 
moment there should be a probability of my re- 
maining uninformed for some time as it is very much 
apprehended that the Packet which sailed a fortnight 
after my departure, has been taken. She has never 



1810] HARRIET'S ENGAGEMENT 151 

made her appearance here, tho' several Vessels who 
sailed after her have arrived. Freemantle said that he 
heard it so positively asserted that I do not know how 
to doubt it, tho' I own it surprises me a good deal. 
There is certainly a difference in age, but he is so good a 
fellow, & we have all known him so long, that I cannot 
but rejoice at it, & applaud her good sense in sacrificing 
looks etc. for more material qualities. After all the 
report may not be true, I shall not therefore say any- 
thing more on the subject, till I am better informed." 



From Fanny W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, October 13th. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I leave it to Harriet & her little 
enclosure to inform you of the most interesting [event] 
which occupies & engrosses all our minds, & certainly 
does give a promise of as much happiness as can reason- 
ably be expected. The alteration which the decision 
of yesterday has made in her Face, which had certainly 
for the last three weeks or Months looked very anxious 
& bilious was most pleasing to behold, & as to him, he 
does look quite as happy as heart can wish. I really hope 
& trust we have every reason to be the same. His long 
preference, excellent character, neighbourhood to, & 
affection for all she loves are obvious advantages, so are 
the only two per contras, as to the one it is the point 
of all others upon which her own judgement must decide, 
& which if she does not think an objection, nobody 
else can, as to the other, he has so much exceeded the 
expectations & even the wishes of all her friends in 
offering to bind himself by every tie of Law, as well as 
of Honour, that even my dear anxious Mother is almost, 
if not entirely without apprehension. She is highly 
pleased with his extraordinary openess, & kindness of 
Manner, & his excessive delight raises her sinking spirits. 
Poor Harriet I pitied very much on the day before 
yesterday, she had been all day expecting him, knowing 
he was coming to receive his final answer, & to make his 
last direct application to herself, just as the awful 
moment drew nigh, she saw not his Carriage driving up, 

11 



152 THE ARUNDEL JUNCTION [CHAP, xn 

but one containing G. & Car. Neville, coming unexpectedly 
from Hawarden, & ten minutes after spied his curricle. 
She took to her heels, & it was decided that on account 
of this contre temps they must meet comme si rien n'etait, 
& reserve all other communications to the next Day. 
I then got them all off for three or four hours to Llan- 
gollen, & when we returned found all settled & kept 
our guests so completely in the dark that after dinner, 
while we were announcing the event to Charles & Char- 
lotte & Uncle Tom. Car was writing down a Bet which 
G. had made with me in the morning that Mr. Chol- 
mondeley never married, when five minutes afterwards 
they were told it was scarcely possible to make them 
believe we were not making fools of them. 

" G. 1 tells me he hears there is a grand hitch in the 
Arundel Junction, a coolness in the Hero himself with 
backwardness & unwillingness to come forward in all his 
family, when in any other family where the ruler oj the 
roast had not so completely set her papist Heart upon 
it, the thing must be at an end necessarily. It grieves 
one to think that our Cousin should be thrown away 
upon a man, or at least a family who seem so totally 
insensible of her merits. 

" Next week Mr. Cholmondeley must be absent some 
days, & we go to G. Grove * while Watkin is at Holywell, 
I fancy as I cannot discover the means of dividing my 
person, the whole of it will remain with poor dear 
Charlotte, whom I have not seen for so long, while more 
than half my heart will be here taking care of my 
dearest Mother, who in addition to all her cares will have 
the desagrement of receiving Lady K. Forrester & the 
Duchess with whom she would feel too much on form to 
be comfortable. To-day George & I drove over to 
Acton to announce the News, it was rather entertaining 
to hear her Ladyship's * fine speeches about a Man 

1 George Grenville, who succeeded his mother the March, of Buck- 
ingham to the Barony of Nugent on her death in 1812. The reference 
is to the marriage, which eventually took place in 1811, between 
Mary, only daughter of Ld. and Lady Buckingham, and James, 10th 
Baron Arundel. Lady Buckingham was the only daughter and heir 
of the last Earl Nugent of that creation, and being a Roman Catholic, 
her daughter was educated in her faith, and her sons in that of the 
father. * Golden Grove. 3 Lady Cunliffe. 



1810] HARRIET'S ENGAGEMENT 153 

whom we all know she hates like poison, tho* why no 
mortal could ever discover ; as is usually the case he fully 
sympathizes, but I should like to know who began 
hating first. I am a great deal too full of all this matter, 
& too stupid to write on any other, fortunately in this 
you are as much." 



From Harriet W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, It is impossible for me to allow 
any body but myself to tell you anything so interesting 
to me (& therefore I flatter myself to you) as my marriage 
with Mr. Cholmondeley. I daresay it will surprise you, 
but I know that you like him as well as Watkin, which 
is tout dire. The situation of Vale Royal is delightful 
to me as it is within coming over to dinner to Wynnstay, 
Norton & Hawarden, & he seems as desirous of living 
with my family as I would myself. Nothing can have 
been more handsome than his conduct to me, but you 
will hear further particulars from my family. I am 
much too flurried to say any more, but that I think 
this will only encrease that extreme affection between 
us which has so long been the pride & pleasure of your 
most, affectionate, 

" H. W. W. 

" P.S. I cannot help mentioning that I win a bet 
of l Is. which we made last Xmas, & which I expect 
you to pay. Sir Charles Saxton l gave me a horse 
the other day, which he has been three years breaking 
for me, very awkward in my situation ! I hope you like 
Mr. C. for a brother-in-law better than Sir Charles. I 
do at least, which goes for something. 

" The first thing I shall do at Vale Royal will be to 
fit up a room for you, do you prefer the Ground Floor ? 
Let me know, or any other particularity, for now's the 
moment. I wish sadly you were here, as we are quite 
cocked about it & not at all shy, poor Mama is very low, 
but I hope she will pick up bye & bye. " 

1 Sif Charles Saxton, 2nd Bart. ; born 1773; died unmar. 1838. 



152 THE ARUNDEL JUNCTION [CHAP, xn 

but one containing G. & Car. Neville, coming unexpectedly 
from Hawarden, & ten minutes after spied his curricle. 
She took to her heels, & it was decided that on account 
of this contre temps they must meet comme si rien n'etait, 
& reserve all other communications to the next Day. 
I then got them all off for three or four hours to Llan- 
gollen, & when we returned found all settled & kept 
our guests so completely in the dark that after dinner, 
while we were announcing the event to Charles & Char- 
lotte & Uncle Tom. Car was writing down a Bet which 
G. had made with me in the morning that Mr. Chol- 
mondeley never married, when five minutes afterwards 
they were told it was scarcely possible to make them 
believe we were not making fools of them. 

" G. 1 tells me he hears there is a grand hitch in the 
Arundel Junction, a coolness in the Hero himself with 
backwardness & unwillingness to come forward in all his 
family, when in any other family where the ruler oj the 
roast had not so completely set her papist Heart upon 
it, the thing must be at an end necessarily. It grieves 
one to think that our Cousin should be thrown away 
upon a man, or at least a family who seem so totally 
insensible of her merits. 

" Next week Mr. Cholmondeley must be absent some 
days, & we go to G. Grove ! while Watkin is at Holywell, 
I fancy as I cannot discover the means of dividing my 
person, the whole of it will remain with poor dear 
Charlotte, whom I have not seen for so long, while more 
than half my heart will be here taking care of my 
dearest Mother, who in addition to all her cares will have 
the desagrement of receiving Lady K. Forrester & the 
Duchess with whom she would feel too much on form to 
be comfortable. To-day George & I drove over to 
Acton to announce the News, it was rather entertaining 
to hear her Ladyship's * fine speeches about a Man 

1 George Grenville, who succeeded his mother the March, of Buck- 
ingham to the Barony of Nugent on her death in 1812. The reference 
is to the marriage, which eventually took place in 1811, between 
Mary, only daughter of Ld. and Lady Buckingham, and James, 10th 
Baron Arundel. Lady Buckingham was the only daughter and heir 
of the last Earl Nugent of that creation, and being a Roman Catholic, 
her daughter was educated in her faith, and her sons in that of the 
father. Golden Grove. 3 Lady Cunliffe. 



1810] HARRIET'S ENGAGEMENT 153 

whom we all know she hates like poison, tho' why no 
mortal could ever discover ; as is usually the case he fully 
sympathizes, but I should like to know who began 
hating first. I am a great deal too full of all this matter, 
& too stupid to write on any other, fortunately in this 
you are as much." 



From Harriet W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, It is impossible for me to allow 
any body but myself to tell you anything so interesting 
to me (& therefore I flatter myself to you) as my marriage 
with Mr. Cholmondeley. I daresay it will surprise you, 
but I know that you like him as well as Watkin, which 
is tout dire. The situation of Vale Royal is delightful 
to me as it is within coming over to dinner to Wynnstay, 
Norton & Hawarden, & he seems as desirous of living 
with my family as I would myself. Nothing can have 
been more handsome than his conduct to me, but you 
will hear further particulars from my family. I am 
much too flurried to say any more, but that I think 
this will only encrease that extreme affection between 
us which has so long been the pride & pleasure of your 
most, affectionate, 

" H. W. W. 

" P.S. I cannot help mentioning that I win a bet 
of l Is. which we made last Xmas, & which I expect 
you to pay. Sir Charles Saxton l gave me a horse 
the other day, which he has been three years breaking 
for me, very awkward in my situation ! I hope you like 
Mr. C. for a brother-in-law better than Sir Charles. I 
do at least, which goes for something. 

" The first thing I shall do at Vale Royal will be to 
fit up a room for you, do you prefer the Ground Floor ? 
Let me know, or any other particularity, for now's the 
moment. I wish sadly you were here, as we are quite 
cocked about it & not at all shy, poor Mama is very low, 
but I hope she will pick up bye & bye. " 

1 Sif Charles Saxton, 2nd Bart. ; born 1773; died unmar. 1838. 



156 LADY HESTER STANHOPE [CHAP, xn 

was anything improper in her connexion with Bruce. 
She is now wind bound at Scio on her way to Alexandria 
from whence she is to go to Jerusalem to fulfill a pro- 
phecy of Brothero's, that she is to be the means of estab- 
lishing God's elect there ; she says she will not go there 
till she knows I have left it for fear that any branch 
of the Grenvilles should come under that denomination. 
I can assure you she talks of her Jerusalem Government 
half in joke & half in earnest. She is the oddest mixture 
I ever saw of cleverness & folly." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

(part of a letter begun at Lero, December 7th, 1811, and 
continued at Rhodes, December I3th) 

" I am at length here after having been detained four 
days at Lero. On my arrival here to my great surprise 
I found Lady Hester & Co., whom I thought long ago 
at Alexandria. They have been more out of luck than 
myself, as they were shipwrecked on the South End of 
this Island, & have undergone the greatest hardships. 
After escaping from the Vessel in an open Boat, they 
were twenty-four hours on a barren rock, without 
tasting a bit of bread or a drop of water. They have 
only saved what they had on their backs, & as they were 
called out of their beds, they had only time to put on 
the first thing they could lay their hands on. Their 
escape seems to have been quite as providential as my 
two performances in the same way. I ought to be very 
thankful for not having taken my passage in the same 
vessel, which I certainly should have done had not Lady 
Hester been on board. She seems to have borne this 
severe trial with wonderful fortitude, & instead of being 
alarmed was most active in encouraging the men to bail 
out the water, for when they discovered the leak, the 
pump was so choked up that it would not work. . . ." 

From Henry W. W. W. to his Sister Harriet, Mrs. 
Cholmondeley 

"JAF7A, March llth, 1812. 

" I left here on ye 4th. of this month for Nazareth, 
where there is an excellent convent of Franciscans, 



1812] HENRY IN PALESTINE 157 

which for its size is equal to any in Christian Countries. 
The village is small, & for a Protestant does not contain 
anything worth seeing, as I have no faith in the Revela- 
tions of our Country-woman Helen, (the Mother of 
Constantine) who by that means pretended to discover 
the house where the Virgin Mary lived, & where the 
Angel announced to her the Birth of Our Saviour. 
Nothing but the Rock now remains, according to the 
tradition of the Monks, the house has had two miraculous 
flights, first to Fiume, & then to Loretto, where it now 
remains. Helen also discovered the Synagogue where 
Our Saviour first preached to the Nazareens, a large 
stone on which He is supposed to have sat with His 
disciples, & lastly the Shop in which Joseph worked. 
All these places are now the Sites of either Catholic or 
Greek Chapels, & are held in the greatest reverence by 
the different Pilgrims. From Nazareth, I made a three 
days tour to M fc Tabor where the transfiguration took 
place, & to the Sea of Galilee or Tiberias. The Moun- 
tain is one single Cone, at the foot of which on one side 
is the extensive plain of Eskalon, & on the other that of 
Gallilee divided by a low ridge of Hills from the Lake. 
The Sea of Gallilee is a fresh water lake surrounded by 
Mountains, & resembling the smaller lakes in Scotland. 
The Jordan runs through it, & loses itself in the Dead 
Sea. On the Banks is the small Town of Tiberias, which 
is chiefly inhabited by Jews, who come here from all 
parts of Europe in expectation that the Messiah will 
make his first appearance there. We slept in the 
Catholic Church which they pretend is built on the Site 
of the House of St. Peter. On our way back to Nazareth 
we passed a small Village which is still called Cana, 
where Our Saviour performed the first miracle of turning 
Water into Wine. The Padre Guardiano who accom- 
panied us, also showed me the place where the Miracle 
of the Loaves & Fishes took place, & the Field where 
the Apostles plucked the Ears of Corn. 

" All the Monks of the Holy Land are Franciscans, & 
of one community, depending on a President who 
resides at Jerusalem, & has the power of a Bishop. I 
ought not to abuse them, as I have always met with a 
very hospitable reception, but I fear the stories against 



158 PALESTINE [CHAP, xn 

them are but too true, praying & religious occupations 
are very secondary objects to perpetual Squabbles with 
the Greeks & Armenians, & to complaints of little 
encroachments by them. The Turks take special care 
to encourage these depositions, as they receive money 
from both parties, & he who pays most is sure to be in 
the right. The Catholics were formerly very well off, 
as they received Supplies from Spain, Italy, France, 
Germany, etc., but since the war, Bonaparte has not 
left the Europeans any money to allot to religious 
purposes, & they were almost starving, when a very 
opportune Supply arrived from America. Very few 
Catholic Pilgrims come, but the Town is filled with those 
of the two other Religions. They come in November 
& stay till after Easter. This year there were only 
1,600 but in general they amount to 3 or 4,000. The 
Church of the Holy Sepulchre was burnt down a few 
years ago, & the present one which was built by the 
Greeks has not been finished above a year. The 
animosity between the Greeks & Catholics is so great 
that they even accuse one another of having set fire 
to it intentionally. As particular parts are allotted for 
the exercise of each Religion, viz. Greeks, Armenians, 
Catholics, Syrians, & Copts, the two former, who are 
the richest, were both anxious to have the privilege of 
building the Church in hopes of obtaining sole possession. 
The Greeks, from their number were able to pay higher 
bribes at Constantinople, & therefore succeeded, but 
the expenee they have incurred, has not procured them 
an inch of ground more than they had before. The 
Catholics are the most favoured, but no Christian is 
allowed free ingress, or egress. The Keys are always 
kept by the Turks, & each Pilgrim is obliged to pay 
25 Piastres (or Shillings) for the first visit & two after- 
wards. The Church is large, but in a very bad Stile of 
Architecture. It covers Mount Calvary, & the Holy 
Sepulchre, which stands in the centre of a large 
Dome. 

" From the Sepulchre a few steps lead to the part 
of the Church standing on Mount Calvary, where the 
Catholics & Greeks have each two Altars, one where our 
Saviour was crucified, & the other where the Cross was 



1812] PALESTINE 159 

erected ; below the latter they still shew the rent in the 
Rocks. 

" The Sepulchres of Gotfredo & other Christian Kings 
were destroyed in the fire, but the Sword, & Spurs of the 
former are still preserved, & are used for the investiture 
of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre. The Situation 
of Mount Calvary, & the Holy Sepulchre seem more 
authenticated, but without implicit confidence in the 
revelations of St. Helena, it is impossible to have much 
reverence for the other places which they show, such as 
the House in which the last Supper took place, the 
Palace of Caiaphas, the place where the Cock crew when 
Peter denied our Saviour etc. etc. etc. Jerusalem 
having been destroyed so often, there are not any 
remains of Antiquity, excepting some Sepulchres cut 
out of the Rock, called those of the Kings of Israel, & 
two others in the Valley of Jehosaphat which are sup- 
posed to be those of Jehosaphat & Absolam. They are 
certainly of great antiquity, but the Ornaments shew 
them to be of an age when the Arts were more cultivated 
than that assigned to them. The Village of Bethlehem 
is only two hours distant from Jerusalem. 

" The Convent there is very large & resembles a 
Fortress. Having been built by St. Helena, the 
Catholics, Greeks & Armenians think they have equal 
rights to it, & as in the Holy Sepulchre, particular parts 
are allotted to each Religion. Below the Church are 
several Vaults cut out of the Rock, where they shew 
the place where the Saviour was born, where the Manger 
was situated, & where the Innocents were buried. 

" As the country between Bethlem & the Dead Sea 
(the site of Sodom & Gomorrah) is desert & belongs to 
Arabs, I was obliged to take two Sheiks with me, & five 
other Arabs. I never saw more luxurious vegetation 
till within two or three miles of the water. The form 
of Sand Hills adds to this scene of desolation as at a 
distance they appear like very extensive ruins. The 
water is so salt that no fish can live in it. I put my 
hand in &, tho' I wiped it, in less than five minutes it 
was covered with cristalisations of salt. On the Bank 
there are a few Shrubs, but the air will not allow them 
to grow to any size. The Lake is twenty miles long, 



160 LADY HESTER AGAIN [CHAP, xn 

" From the Dead Sea, I went along the plain to the 
place in the Jordan where the Greeks & Armenian 
Pilgrims come at Easter to dip in the River. As they 
count by the old Style, their Easter is this year, five 
weeks later than ours, I should otherwise certainly 
have waited ten days to see this curious sight, when 
men, women, & children all go in at the same time, & at 
the same place, & excepting a pair of drawers, in a state 
of nature. 

" Though by agreement the Arabs were to have accom- 
panied me as far as Jerusalem they left me here, as they 
did not dare to go near the village of Jericho, with the 
Arabs of which place they had Blood, that is to say 
that for the death of one of their party they had not 
received satisfaction either in blood or money." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" AT SEA, April 28th, 1812. 

" I arrived on the 28th at Cairo & found the place so 
full of English, that it was with the greatest difficulty 
that I got a lodging. Besides Lady Hester & Co., there 
are a party of five or six young Englishmen, lately come 
in the Transports from Sicily. Notwithstanding that 
I partly agree with you, in what you say of our Cousin, 
I was very glad to find her there ; I had constant society 
in her house & to me she made herself very agreeable. 
She has many faults, but has I believe, an excellent 
heart. . . . 

" We went a very large party to the Pyramids, which 
are two hours distant on the other side of the river. 
Lady Hester attempted to go in but the undertaking 
was much too great even for her, who is superior in 
exertion to any woman I ever saw. The Gentlemen 
crawled in, the labour is nothing, but the heat & bad air 
made it very unpleasant, not to speak of the danger of 
being blinded by the quantity of Bats flying against 
you. . . . 

" Long, long may the Almighty protect our dearest 
Mother for the happiness of her children, of whom none 
is more 

" affectionate or dutiful than 

" H. W. W. WYNN." 



1812] HENRY ILL AT MALTA 161 

The Same 

" MALTA, May 50th, 1812. 

"MY DEAR MOTHER, As this letter goes by a fast 
sailing Vessel, I trust you will receive it almost as soon 
as those which Lady Mahon 1 was kind enough to write 
by the Packet giving an account of my illness, & that 
your anxiety will not have been of long duration. I am 
now, thank God, gaining strength every day, & recover- 
ing almost as fast as I fell ill. The leg suppurates very 
kindly, & I hope in a week to be able to put my foot to 
the ground. 

" The Physicians cannot at all account for so violent 
an inflamation, & can. only ascribe it to the sting of some 
venomous animal. Six or seven days after I was in 
quarantine I felt a small pimple on my leg which dis- 
appeared, the next day however, it began to swell with 
great pain & accompanied with Fever getting every day 
worse, till I was in a high state of delirium with my pulse 
at 140. They called in two Naval Doctors, who advised 
the leg being opened, when to their surprise instead 
of matter, nothing but decomposed blood came from it. 

" I was in such a state of delirium that I of course 
do not know anything that took place, but they told me 
that I remained in this state for two days, they expecting 
every minute to be my last, till at length the Bark they 
gave me stopped the Fever, & some matter began to 
come from my leg. From that moment my recovery 
began & has been most rapid. 

" I cannot describe to you all the kindness I have 
received from Lady Mahon, if she had been my own 
sister she could not have been more attentive to me. 
When in quarantine she used to come over twice a day 
in a broiling Sun to see that everything was done for 
me. When I came over here she used to sit the whole 
morning with me, & was indefatigeable in procuring 
any little comfort for me. I know not what I should 
have done without her, as I did not know a soul in 
Malta. My Banker has been kind enough to take me in 

1 Catherine Lucy, dau. of 1st Ld. Carrington ; mar. 1803, Philip 
Henry, Ld. Mahon, who sue. his father to the Earldom of Stanhope 
in 1816. She died 1843. He died 1855. Henry Williams Wynn 
mar. in 1813 this lady's younger sister, 



162 HENRY HOMEWARD BOUND [CHAP, xn 

to his House which is one of the best & coolest in Malta. 
In these lofty rooms I do not at all feel the heat which 
I am told is oppressive out of doors. If I had a little 
society I should be very comfortable, but unfortunately 
Malta does not afford me a single friend excepting an 
A.D.C., a friend of Lady Mahon's who calls upon me 
occasionally." 

From Henry W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" CADIZ, September 29th, 1812. 

" MY DEAREST MOTHER, My last letter to Harriet 
from Gibraltar will have informed you of the intention 
I had of surprising you by my unexpected arrival in 
England, & of the reasons which afterwards made me give 
up this plan. I think you will agree with me that under 
the present circumstances, it would have been difficult 
for so thorough a Spaniard as I am to go to England 
without passing thro' those Countries which have just 
been liberated from the French Yoke. The fortune of 
War which now opens that road to me, may be shut 
again when I come out to the Mediterranean next year, 
so that this opportunity might not be recovered for 
some time. I still see no reason why I should not be in 
England by Christmas, but I am too old a Traveller not 
to know the folly of hurrying on. 

" I like this place much more than either of the times 
I was here before, it is gratifying to see the joy of the 
people at being relieved from the Bombardment of two 
years & a half, the last part of which was very serious. 
I must do them the justice to say that they seem to feel 
their obligation to the English & to Lord Wellington in 
particular. He has just been appointed Generalissimo 
of all the Spanish Armies, & there is a very strong party 
for making him sole Regent. The first is a great point 
to have been carried & will be attended with great 
advantage." 

The Same 

" SALAMANCA, November 5th, 1812. 

" MY DEAR MOTHER, As it is possible that this may 
reach you before my arrival, I write a few lines to 
inform you that I am safe & sound out of Madrid, The 



1812] MADRID 168 

confusion of the evacuation was so great, that we with 
difficulty procured one Caleche for ourselves & servants. 
Lord Worcester 1 was kind enough to give us a lift as far 
as Arevale, & from thence to this place a distance of 
sixteen leagues we rode & tied with our servants. I 
believe the Corunna road is still safe, but as I fear there 
is hardly anything to prevent the French advancing 
I think it more prudent to go by Oporto. We set off 
tomorrow, & hope to arrive there on the 13th, I shall 
then take my passage on the first Vessel which sails." 

1 Ld. Worcester, afterwards 7th D. of Beaufort ; born 1792 ; mar. 
1st, 1814, Georgina, dau. of Henry Fitzroy. She died 1821. He mar. 
2ndly, 1 822, Emily, dau. of Charles Culling Smith. She died 1 889. He 
succeeded his father to the Dukedom 1835. He died 1853. 






CHAPTER XIII 
18131816 

HENRY arrived home in the autumn of 1812, after his 
serious illness at Malta, where Lady Mahon had nursed 
him ' with much care and devotion. His mind now 
turned towards matrimony, and Hester Smith, daughter 
of the 1st Lord Carrington, won and held his whole- 
hearted affection. The welcome accorded her by his 
entire family was sincere and spontaneous. Lady 
Williams Wynn became devotedly attached to her 
daughter-in-law, and as years went on, transferred her 
correspondence to a very great extent to Hester instead 
of Henry, though many of her letters are addressed to 
" her beloved Hs." Henry's restless nature, however, 
could not fit itself into the life of an English country 
gentleman, even when provided with a wife and home, 
for Sir Watkin had placed the Llanforda demense at his 
brother's disposal. His trips abroad were almost as 
frequent as they were before, but not so prolonged, and 
until he obtained, in 1822, the much-sought-for dip- 
lomatic appointment, he constantly found excuses for 
crossing the Channel sometimes alone, sometimes 
accompanied by his wife. 

Continental affairs continued to play a leading part 
in political as well as in military circles. Watkin 
placed himself and his Ruabon Yeomanry at the dis- 
posal of the King, and in the spring of 1814 received 
orders to proceed to France. Napoleon's abdication 
and retirement to Elba synchronised with Sir Watkin's 
arrival, and gave occasion for some chaff amongst his 

164 



1813] THE HON. HESTER SMITH 165 

acquaintances, which the Grenville parente, being devoid 
of a sense of humour, took very seriously. 

The cessation of hostilities after the Congress at Vienna 
in September 1814 gave Lady Williams Wynn an oppor- 
tunity in* the autumn of proceeding to Spain with her 
daughter Fanny, for the purpose of seeing Charlotte 
Shipley, who with her husband had been living in 
Majorca. Lady Williams Wynn began her return 
journey through the Peninsula in April 1815, and 
caused a good deal of anxiety to her family at home, as 
Napoleon's escape from Elba on March 1st suddenly 
plunged Europe once again into a state of war. On 
her return home, Lady Williams Wynn continued her 
correspondence with her absent children as usual, her 
letters dealing with the current gossip of society and 
events of political interest. 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Hester Smith 

[1813.] 

" It is impossible for me, my dear young friend, to 
express to you the pleasure which your most kind and 
flattering letter received this morning has given to me. 
Indeed, I should long ere this have written to have 
thanked you for those sentiments of joy and gladness 
which you have been the joint means of communicating 
to me, had I not feared by so doing to have made a sort 
of claim upon you for what you have now spontaneously 
bestowed upon me. The confidence which I feel in the 
prospect of happiness which your partiality to my 
beloved Henry opens to him would be more than 
sufficient to excite in my heart the warmest feelings 
of gratitude and affection towards you, but you will 
easily believe me, when I say that these feelings are 
increased in a ten-fold degree by the particularly kind 
and flattering manner in which you have expressed 
yourself towards myself, and all belonging to him. 
Nobody knows more than yourself the inestimable 
value of a large family circle, and I only trust that in 



166 THE HON. HESTER SMITH [CHAP, xin 

your new connection you will find an extension of those 
social affections with which you have ever been so 
happily surrounded. 

" I expect my dear Henry to-morrow, and shall have 
the greatest delight in seeing his happy face, and in 
hearing from him the praises of one to whose merits I 
can indeed with the greatest truth say, I have ever been 
most deeply sensible. I will not to you depreciate him 
so far as to say that he is unworthy of the happiness 
which attends him, nor indeed would anybody who 
knows my partiality for him, believe me if I put forth 
such an opinion, but I will only pray that he may dis- 
charge all his new duties and obligations as fully as he 
has done his old ones, and by that means make the best 
return for the blessings, which I trust you will very very 
long enjoy in each other ! 

" I hope nothing will prevent our having the pleasure 
of seeing Lord Carrington on or about ye 20th. and only 
very much regret that Lady C. would not be prevailed 
upon to meet him. Whatever may be to be arranged, 
I am quite sure that his wishes (in the confidence that 
they are most sure of being your's) will be certain of 
meeting those of all belonging to Henry. 

" I will detain you no longer my dear Hester for so, 
you must let me gratify myself by addressing you, 
anticipating my property in you, and repeating to you 
with my warmest acknowledgments of your kind 
expressions towards me, the assurances of the very high 
esteem and cordial affection with which 
" I am ever, 

" Yours most faithfully, 

" CH. W. WYNN." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Hester Smith 

" BUXTON, Tuesday. 

" I am much obliged to you for your gossip, which is 
here of more value than at any other place where there 
might be something of external objects. I, however, 
want faith for both your Matches, but if Lord Cranb ne * 

1 Afterwards 2nd Marq. of Salisbury. He mar. 1821, Frances, 
dau. and h. of B. Gascoyiie. 



1813] LORD CARRINGTON 167 

should fail at last with Miss W. he had better have a 
hint to come down here where we have a hundred 
thousand pounder ' just arrived ' in the person of a 
young lady carrying full as much weight of flesh on her 
bones as even this fortune can produce of cash in her 
pockets. 

" Our Table d'hote continues very numerous, and I 
am now grown so well acquainted with many of the 
members (at least with their faces) that for the time 
the dinner lasts I am rather amused by it than other- 
wise. We had two days ago a violent Tirade of politics 
beginning with hearty abuse of all ' those Grenvilles ' 
and then diverging to Lord Carrington who was as bad 
as any of them. The speaker did not address it to 
Fanny, but to her neighbour, and unfortunately on the 
other side sat Admiral Legge l who was put out with it, 
and spoilt sport by beginning to talk of something else 
as fast as he could. By the bye, there is nothing he 
likes to talk about more than your merits, of which he 
seems to have so very strong an impression as to make 
me doubt whether I ought not to be uneasy at it, more 
particularly as during the short time of his stay, I found 
it quite impossible to hope that Fanny should make any 
diversion to his tender sentiments." 

From Lord Carrington to Henry W. W. W. 

" EDGEWOBTH TOWN, July 21th, 1813. 

" MY DEAR SIR, I was made very happy by your 
letter, which I received last night, and I accept with the 
greatest satisfaction the flattering proposition which you 
have made to me, knowing that it is no less agreeable to 
my Daughter's wishes than to my own. It will be my 
anxious endeavour to preserve your good Opinion, and 
to cement the Connection between us, by a sincere and 
permanent friendship. 

" My Daughter's fortune is ten thousand pounds down, 
and the like sum to be paid at my death. Should there 
be no issue of the marriage, or, should all the children die 
before they attain the age of twenty-one or be married, 

1 Admiral Sir Arthur Kaye Legge, 3rd son of 2nd E. of Dartmouth. 
Died unmar. 1835. 

12 



168 LORD CARRINGTON [CHAP, xm 

one moiety to be at your final disposal, and the other 
after your Death and my Daughter's to revert to my 
Family. For the 10,000 to be paid down, I should wish 
to give a mortgage, for some time at least, but in that I 
must consider myself bound to obey your wishes. 

" As I speak to a partial auditor I hope I may say to 
you without unbecoming vanity, that for good temper, 
good sense, and good principles, I do not know any 
young woman superior to the one whom you have 
chosen. 

" I am, 

" My dear Sir, Most sincerely, and 
" Affectionately yours, 

" CARRINGTON." 



From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" DBOPMORE, February 28th, 1814. 

" MY DEAR HENRY. We are all in the dumps at the 
last news, & so I understand are Ministers who have 
authorized Castlereagh * to patch up peace before the 
20th, to which Parliament is to-morrow to adjourn, 
& then in two years we shall have another war. Under 
these circumstances, it is impossible that, unless some 
sudden alteration of circumstances should change the 
whole face of the negotiation, Watkin's Regiment should 
leave England. At any rate you may set your mind 
at ease about Canada, as it is not in their bond. The 
Regent has twice been at the point of death in con- 
sequence of a dose of Royal Punch imbibed in the com- 
pany of George Colman, who was sent for on a day rule 
from H.R.H.'s Royal Father's Bench for the purpose, 
I suppose, of ' Sing me a bawdy song to make me merry.' 
He had violent spasms in the bladder, which were only 
subdued by bleeding has since had a relapse equally 

1 Foreign Secretary ; at this time engaged in very delicate negotia- 
tions with the Allied Powers at Bar-sur-Aube. The attitude of the 
Emperor of Austria and Crown Prince of Sweden, both connected by 
family ties with the Empress of France, made these negotiations 
extremely difficult and complicated. 



1814] PEACE OR WAR 169 

severe, & was last week considered as in a very pre- 
carious state from the possibility of another attack. 

" Princess Charlotte 1 is to be married out of hand, 
& packed off for Holland forthwith ! " 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W, W. 

" BEOOK STBEET, Tuesday, March 15th (1814). 

" I had intended, my dearest Henry, to have written 
to you yesterday. I have just had a letter from Charles 
telling me that orders were that day come down to 
suspend the sailing of the troops till farther orders, which 
Sir R. Bickerton * ascribes to the necessity of strength- 
ening the Convoy on account of two French frigates, 
& a Corvette having got out of St. Maloe's but from 
what I heard yesterday I think it much more probable 
to be owing to the intention of changing their destination 
& sending them to fill up the dreadful chasms made by 
the heavy disaster- in Sir T. Graham's Army.' Your 
Uncle Tom said he thought it probable it would be so, 
& that Major Stanhope had fully agreed with him. You 
will not wonder that at this moment I feel an additional 
pang of anguish from the idea of this change, but God's 
Will be done ! We know little what to wish for, or 
against ! Great expectations are entertained of receiving 
Buonaparte's definitive answer to the ultimatum within 
the next twenty-four hours, but I fear it will hardly 
travel to me before Post goes out. Lord Hereford lost 
2 whole Guineas on its not arriving before this morning 
began. Fanny sent you all public details yesterday. 

" Stanhope had seen the Crown Prince, 4 & fully joins 
in the universal admiration of his manners as much in 
Society as in the field. 

" I must not however, omit giving you a most extra- 
ordinary domestic event notified yesterday, Lord 

1 This matrimonial suggestion came to nothing. 

2nd and last Bart, of Upwood ; born 1759 ; mar. 1788, Ann, dau. 
of James Athill. He d.s.p. 1832. 

3 Refers, no doubt, to the losses in Sir Thomas Graham's (Lord Lyne- 
doch's) unsuccessful attack on St. Sebastian in 1813. 

* Of Sweden. 



170 HENRY EN ROUTE ABROAD [CHAP, xm 

Althorp's l marriage with Miss Acklom. Your Uncle 
Tom told me of it affaire faitc, & I could only say, ' Oh 
Fie.' I hope I shall be first in communicating it to 
your circle. 

" General Ge. ! has just been here, & says the Duke of 
York, whom he saw, told him that he knew nothing 
of any change in the destination of the Provincial 
Battalions. 

" God bless you all. This letter must, of course, do 
for yourself & Co." 

From Henry W. W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 
(en route for his first trip abroad after his marriage) 

" ST. JAMES'S SQUARE, April 2nd, 1814. 

" I write a few lines to you before I go out my beloved 
Hester. The Official intelligence of the rupture of the 
negotiations is at length arrived. The evening Papers 
will inform you of Schwartzenburg having beat Bona- 
parte. He made good his retreat towards Dijon where 
he will be joined by Augereau. There seems nothing 
now to prevent Blucher advancing to Paris. The news 
of the rupture of the negotiations was received at 
Lloyds with three cheers. 

"The Austrians entered Lyons on the 22nd., but I 
am sorry to say that Ghent has been retaken, & several 
of the inhabitants shot. 

" God bless you my beloved Hester." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" RYDE, August 3rd, 1814. 

" I had scarcely stepped out of the Commissioner's 
Barge upon this shore, before I saw Lord B. s sailing in 
from Calais to the door of his own cottage here. He is 

1 Ld. Al thorp, afterwards 3rd Earl Spencer ; born 1781 ; Chancellor 
of the Exchequer 1830-4 ; mar. 1814, Esther, dau. and h. of Richard 
Acklom, co. Notts. He died 1845. 

1 General Richard Grenville, 2nd s. of Rt. Hon. James Grenville, 
M.P. He represented Buckingham in the H. of C. Died unmar. 1823. 
(His elder brother was the 1st and last Ld. Glastonbury.) 

3 Ld. Buckingham, the 2nd Marq. and nephew of Lady Williams 
Wynn (the lat Marq. died 1813); afterwards 1st Duke. 



1814] CONFERENCE AT VIENNA m 

quite well, full of health & spirits & as brown as a wallnut. 
He seems to expect Suchet J to be made Ministre de la 
guerre, & tells us that all Suchet's conversation turns 
upon the necessity of France keeping up a large military 
establishment & that he states his hopes of peace to rest 
upon the boundary of the Rhine being accorded to 
France by the Allies. I am afraid there is some reason 
to think that the magnanimous Alexander is so intent 
upon Poland, that he may be tempted to buy the sup- 
port of France to his objects by supporting her pre- 
tensions on the Rhine : if so Castlereagh will have his 
hands full enough at his Vienna congress. We none of 
us understand why the Government who are strong 
should open the door to Canning & his friends, or why 
Canning should disgrace himself by making himself the 
humble bearer of his rival's correspondence with the 
Court of Lisbon, but however, this may be, it is pretty 
clear that when Liverpool, Castlereagh, & Canning get 
into the same bed together, that is not likely to become 
* a bed of roses.' 

" Love to your good wife, & God bless you, dearest 
Henry." 

In the autumn of this year (1814) Lady Williams 
Wynn was planning her tour abroad through France 
and Spain. In writing of her proposed route to 
Charles, she repeatedly asked him to consult Young, 
the steward at Wynnstay, as to a suitable courier, 
expressing herself as having complete trust and con- 
fidence in his judgment. While an exchange of 
letters on this subject is in progress, Charles, in whose 
hands Sir Watkin left the management of his affairs 
on his departure, with his regiment, for the Continent, 
discovered that Young had been carrying on systematic 
frauds and forgeries ever since he entered Sir Watkin's 
service in 1810. The discovery was so sudden and so 
complete that Young cut his throat, and was for some 

1 Louis Gabriel Suchet, Due d'Albufera de Valencia, 1770-1826. 
Marshal of France and one of Napoleon's most brilliant generals and 
administrators. 



172 THE YOUNG INCIDENT [CHAP, xm 

days in a precarious condition, but he subsequently 
recovered. In the meantime Charles sent for his son, a 
clergyman, and overhauled his papers. Among these 
papers he found a letter signed " A. H.," which he 
enclosed to his mother, written by Lady Anne Hamilton 
in 1806, when Young was in the service of her cousin 
the Marquis of Abercorn. 

Sir Watkin, having received a full account of the 
frauds & peculations, refused to prosecute the un- 
fortunate man, only stipulating that the parson son 
shall remove his father as soon as possible from Wynn- 
stay, either abroad or to some distant part of the country, 
and that a property acquired in Lincolnshire by the ill- 
gotten gains shall be made over in default of payment. 
He also suggested that a copy of Lady Anne's letter 
should be handed to Lord Abercorn, but Charles depre- 
cated such action, on the grounds of personal regard for 
the family. 

The Young incident was at its height when Lady 
Williams Wynn left England, and Charles kept her 
informed of the progress of affairs in his letters. That 
the domestic scandal was widely known, and became the 
subject of much gossip and criticism, is indicated in Lord 
Carrington's letter to Hester, with which this incident, 
as far as the present correspondence is concerned, is 
closed. 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" BBOOK STREET, Saturday [September], 1814. 
" I have not yet been able to meet with anything 
tolerably promising in the shape of a Courrier which is 
the more vexatious as it is the only circumstance which 
keeps me dawdling here, while the daylight is melting 
away before my Eyes. ... I have just seen an English 
servant who is very anxious to go with me, & has some 
merits, tho not much of recommendation that I can get 
at. He lived 8 years with Ld. Lake during part of which 
time he was with him in Ireland where he speaks 



1814] THE YOUNG INCIDENT 173 

familiarly of Captain Sir W. Pul n 1 & all the other British. 
He was likewise while in Lord L,'s service fellow servant 
with Young who he says knows him well. His name is 
Chesswright, & what Y. knows of him you may easily 
learn if this finds you at Wynnstay. The man began 
his career as Servant (out of Livery) to Mrs. Phillips of 
Rhyaddin, with whom he was 8 years before he married 
& 2 after. He has been a good deal abroad with Lord 
Lake, General Ackland 4 Years, & General Capel, 
but the misfortune is that all are now dispersed & it 
would take a good deal of time to get at them. William 
Lyggins answers for his sobriety, but I had rather have 
Young's judgment on that subject than his. 

" If you can find anything about pray let me know per 
return of post for I am dying to get away. If you are 
not at Wynnstay I wish you would write a line to Young 
to ask what he knows of this man, & tell him to pass it 
on to me by return of post." 

Several letters have obviously been lost or destroyed 
between the above and the next letter from Charles, 
which at once plunges into the details of Young's 
attempted suicide, but it is not difficult to fill up the 
gap. Charles was a better man of business than his 
brother Sir Watkin, and having taken over the charge of 
the great estates, at once began to make himself con- 
versant with the details of management, and Young's 
accounts could not stand the scrutiny. 



From Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" [WELSH] POOL, September 21th, 1814. 

" MY DEAR MOTHER, What we anticipated has taken 
place & in spite of the precautions which we had taken, 
Young has contrived to wound himself in a manner 
which will probably prove mortal, every instrument 
had been taken from him but he had contrived to secrete 
a knife from the tray in passing. He had been con- 
stantly watched, but was left alone for a few minutes 

Sir W. Pulleston (?). 



174 THE YOUNG INCIDENT [CHAP, xm 

yesterday about two o'clock when he stabbed himself 
in the throat. His papers afford the most decisive proof 
of the regular & systematic plan of depredations which 
he has carried on, as some very considerable forgeries 
were committed in 1810. You will be astonished to 
hear that among his papers is a letter from Lady Anne 
Hamilton written several years ago, before he came into 
Watkin's service which appears to direct & advise him 
in frauds he was then carrying on. Wilkinson sewed 
up the wound but does not expect him to live. He is 
better today than was expected but the danger is 
tomorrow. We had previously sent for his son in the 
hope that he might have elicited that information which 
we could not get from him. The one point of anxiety 
which he has shewn throughout is that his Son may not 
be supposed to be privy to his crimes & from all the 
letters which we have found he appears certainly to be 
entirely ignorant of them. Richards l has just arrived 
here & given me this intelligence. Previous to Young's 
confession, which appears, as we now find to have pro- 
ceeded from some reports of unusual strictness in us 
towards Gummow, l & others, from refusing him leave to 
go up to town, he burnt all the bills & vouchers which he 
had produced to Pickering l & which were for payments 
previous to Watkin's going abroad. We are therefore 
perfectly in the dark as to the real state of Watkin's 
affairs & have no check against any falsehood which may 
be brought in upon him as soon as this is known, except 
the vouchers in St. James' Square, many of which there 
can be no doubt, will prove false. 

" We feel great doubt whether sending round to all 
the Tradesmen or advertiseing in the Newspaper will 
be the least likely method to excite suspicion among 
them, that we are thoroughly in their power. There 
will be now no use in sending down the bills as I had 
before desired for it will be necessary that they should 
be investigated in town & Richards must go up for that 
purpose, Young had left a paper stating the first cause 
to have been expences in his Son's education which led 
him to engage in the Lottery & that, of course too 

1 Richards, the agent; Gummow, the housekeeper; Pickering, a 
solicitor (?). 



1814] THE YOUNG INCIDENT 175 

constantly, accounts for every thing else. I hear how- 
ever that he had purchased a property in Lincolnshire 
which cost him 800, & that, according to the wisdom of 
our law of real property, will descend to his Son free of 
incumbrance though clearly bought with stolen money." 

From Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" POOL, Wednesday, September 28th, 1814. 

" We have not had any opportunity of hearing any 
account of Younge since Richards's arrival, but probably 
he will not out live the night. It is a great consolation 
that it should clearly appear that Watkin's carelessness 
has nothing to do with the deception practised on him ; 
& that it should be clear that the man was a rogue 
before he entered his service. In one bill of the year 1810 
he had added 100. When I see Lady A. H.'s letter 
you shall have a copy of it. From Richards's account 
it is such as nothing but feeling for her relations should 
prevent me from making public. . . . 

" Upon the other business which I hoped to investi- 
gate here, I can tell you nothing as I have failed in the 
means of information which I expected, but trust 
Richards will be more successful next week at Newton. 
My suspicions were unfortunately very strong even before 
this discovery, which destroys all confidence & makes 
one think every one must be a villain." 

The letter enclosed to Lady Williams Wynn is addressed 
to " Mr. Young, No. 31 North Audley Street, 
Grosvenor Square, London." 

[Postmark Shoreham. Date 1806] 

" Tuesday, 18th. 

" I like your frank open letter to me much, & shall 
treat you with the same confidence, satisfied that my 
letter will be burnt as soon as read. 

*' The Duke * I believe is the easiest Man possible 
to serve, the Duchess 2 manages too much herself, when 
she cannot possibly know above stairs what is really 

1 llth Duke of Somerset. 

1 Charlotte, dau. of 9th Duke of Hamilton and sister to the writer. 



176 LADY ANNE HAMILTON [CHAP, xin 

going on below. She then forms favourites & judges 
from hearing one side of a story. She also looks too near 
into expense. But all this may have originated from her 
never having had Confidence in an upper servant, & it 
is but justice to say, that she has the same Confidence in 
you that we all have. You therefore, might find things 
better. You also would have this advantage, in that 
favourite Charles [footman] being gone away. Indeed 
I do not think there is now one favourite left, therefore 
if you like to go, my advice is as follows, First raise a 
difficulty, by saying you have taken that fancy to the 
Marquess that you consider yourself engaged to Him, 
& would leave the best place in the world to go to him, 
that therefore you cannot think of taking His Grace's 
place on that account. (Mind, I dont mean that you 
should adhere to what you say, if, upon trying the 
Duke's place, you prefer staying with him, for then 
you could not serve the Marquess with pleasure. But 
by saying it, they never could be affronted at your 
leaving them, should you find things not agreeable.) 

" If they still wish to have you upon that uncertainty, 
then make your Agreement to have the superintendence 
of Everything, either with, or without the Stable concern, 
as you chuse. But remember one thing, Her Grace has 
innumerable Books I believe a Ib. of candles or soap 
is never taken out of the Box, but is enter'd in some Book. 
This, with you, she may lay aside, but as your friend, 
I wish to guard you against everything, that if you go, 
you may be prepared, & begin right. I think you had 
best manage everything with an exceeding high hand l 
talk high, or these minutias will plague you sadly, 
you may do any thing, as your character is so well 
established. 

" I don't know if there is any idea of your wife going 
-with you. I know His Grace dont like near relations in 
a, family, but she has so long wished to have you, that I 
believe she would break thro' her rule in your favour, 
otherwise this might form an excuse for your not going. 
But if you really disliked going, the vicinity to Orchard 
Leigh would be a sufficient excuse, as the Duchess told 

1 The seven words in italics are lightly erased in the original letter, 
fvhich therefore reads : " I think you had best talk high." 



1806] LADY ANNE HAMILTON 177 

me she was afraid you would not like to come to her on 
that account, thus you see, I furnish you with excuses 
on both sides, so you have only to consult what you like 
best to do yourself. But / strongly advise your giving 
yourself so good an opportunity of quitting without 
quarrelling, as your liking to, & engagement with, the 
Marquess 1 offers you, this must please him, at least, 
& will not I think, lose you his Grace's place. I would 
even tell it the Marquess himself, if you saw him, that 
their changes had been so frequent you were afraid of 
venturing as it would lose you his good opinion. Not 
that I think it would, tho' it would have the same effect, 
as delicacy might prevent his taking you from his 
brother-in-law, but both him & I know enough of that 
family to be surprised at nothing, & we both know you 
too well ever to change. 

" As I see it is in the papers the idea of his going to 
Russia, it is no longer a secret, so I shall write to him by 
today's post, (without mention of our correspondence, 
of course) to propose his taking you with Jirni. If 
you would not go that is an additional reason for your 
enjoying yourself elsewhere. If you would, you should 
call upon him after the post comes in on Wednesday, 
before you see their Graces. How sincerely I wish 
their Graces' offer had been delay'd for a month, for 
between you & 7, if the Marquess dont want you in a 
month, or even a fortnight, I shall give up hopes of his 
ever wanting you, almost. However whatever you do 
I shall consider as right. Only remember one thing, I 
shall be in town on Friday evening, to stay. Dont 
mention it to anyone, I come upon particular business. 
No one knows it but the Marquess. I shall not be in 
Gros. Place, but with the Miss Radfords, at No. 61 
Baker Street Portman Square, where I can see you 
Friday or Saturday, but not in the morng. 

" Ever yours, 

" I can add no more the post is just going. 

" A. H." 

i James, 9th Earl and 1st Marq. of Abercorn ; born 1756 ; three 
times married. Died 1818. 

* Lady Anne Hamilton, eldest daui of Alexander, 9th Duke of Hamil- 
ton and his wife Harriet, dau. of 6th Earl of Galloway. She died 



178 THE YOUNG INCIDENT [CHAP, xm 

From Mrs. Charles W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" LLANOEDWYN, October 3rd, 1814. 

" Of course this horrible business made much talk in 
Chester, but as it was not known that it lay with Young 
alone, many people volunteered their opinion of the 
whole Household etc. in general made no scruple of 
saying that it was a gang of thieves. Lloyd of Penylan 
said everybody knew it except the Family, & Evans of 
Llwynon, he told Mr. Cholmondley that the wretched 
Clergyman who hung up his great coat in the Hall, 
emptied it first of his pockethandkerchief. These I 
believe are very gossipping people, but the general idea 
of Goodman's dishonesty seems so decided that Charles, 
I believe advises Watkin to part with him in due time, 
but so as to secure him from all suspicion of having 
been implicated with Young. As people seem to be 
open-mouthed upon the subject, when they took for 
granted it was all come out, it would be desireable to 
press them at this moment when they would hardly 
draw back, & this I believe Mr. Richards is to do as soon 
as he has had a little more talk with Charles. There 
was a good deal of suspicion of Gummow, but Mr. 
Richards says that as far as he has yet got, his accounts 
are perfectly correct. Mr. Young's wretched son has not 
yet come down. Young himself is going on perfectly 
well. From all we can collect from Young himself & 
from your report of William's investigation I really trust 
that the frauds are all retrospective & that there will be 
no payments to be made which we were not before in- 
formed of, so that the only prospective effect will be that 
Watkin will be 800 richer by the acquisition of Young's 

1846. She lived at Ashton Hall, Lanes., and in Hamilton Place, and 
was a connoisseur and collector of French furniture and pictures. 
The following account of Lady Anne is given in Letters published 
in Gleanings from an Old Portfolio, ed. by Mr. Godfrey Clark, 1898 : 
"From Lady Louise Stuart to Lady Portarlington, July 19th, 1793. 
' The eldest Miss Hamilton [afterwards Lady Anne], entre nous, I can't 
bear, she palavers and cants like Lady Dunmore and Lord Galloway, 
is very forward, very ugly and unpleasant, but that can't procure her 
friends. . . . Charlotte [afterwards Duchess of Somerset] ... is 
very pretty, but spoiled, and a fine lady.' " In vol. iii. Lady 
Louise Stuart again refers to the lady : " November 13th, 1802. ' Lady 
Anne is a worthy good woman, and wishes to please and be civil to 
every body, but has no particular attractions of person, or mind.' " 



1814] THE YOUNG INCIDENT 179 

Lincolnshire purchase. He estimates the amount of 
his thefts by a rough calculation between 14 & 1700." 

From Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" LLANGEDWYN, October 10th, 1814. 

" On Wednesday I went over to Wynnstay & saw 
Young's unfortunate Son, who apeared one of the most 
miserable & helpless beings that I ever saw. He is 
desirous of doing everything in his power but scarcely 
knows what, having been always treated as a Child by 
his Father & fed from hand to mouth without any 
knowledge of his Father's means. His wife was with 
him & is of the two much the most efficient personage. 
They state themselves to have always believed, from 
the manner in which he supplied them with money, 
that he had some out at interest & fearing that it might 
be lost in case he should die, had pressed him to this 
purchase by way of securing something. 

" The whole income of the Son including the land 
purchased, which he values at 32 per ann. amounts to 
about 300 per ann. The land of course becomes 
Watkin's & the conveyance has been directed to be pre- 
pared. He then proposes to reserve 200 to himself 
& to give up the remainder to the maintenance of his 
Father till he can get some means of supporting himself 
& the residue to the liquidation of the debt. I told him 
I considered the land as legally belonging to Watkin. 
That with respect to anything else there could be no 
legal claim upon his (the son's) ecclesiastical income or 
on the 50 a year which belongs to his wife & that there- 
fore I could enter into no stipulation with him but 
should leave him to act as he thought himself became 
him. But that I was clearly of opinion that he ought 
not, as Clergyman with a family, to reduce his income 
below 200 a year. By the end of this week the Father 
may probably be moved & may travel home with them. 
He must afterwards go abroad or to some distant part 
of the Kingdom & endeavour to earn his livelihood. In 
consequence of what you mention of the tradesmen 
having all acknowledged that there was no further 
balance due to them than is stated by Young, Richards 



180 THE YOUNG INCIDENT CLOSED [CHAP, xin 

has postponed his journey to London till he has had a 
meeting with Robert about a boundary dispute between 
W. & Lord Clive. We are also investigating the Mont- 
gomeryshire fraud, which I before alluded to & which 
I have evry reason to believe will be but too clearly 
proved. It consists in a regular over charge of the pro- 
perty duty allowed in Lewis's Collection ; he having, 
uniformly, from the first imposition of the Tax, charged 
it to its full amount in every instance, whereas in many 
it is much less. At any rate we have established enough 
to require his discharge, as the only possible vindication 
of his honesty, is gross carelessness & neglect by an 
allowance to the Tenants of the Tax without producing 
the receipts. This however is extremely improbable, & 
I fear he will turn out to be as thorough a Rogue as 
Young. Fortunately he is rich & can repay all he has 
embezzled. We at present think of replacing him by 
Barff, but for the present our suspicions even are un- 
known to anybody. The amount which he has thus 
purloined in the course of eight years must be consider- 
able but we cannot yet even guess what. 

" No letters have arrived for you except one from Miss 
Lake referring you for Chesswright's character to Lord 
Lake. }? 

This letter is addressed to Lyons. Lady Williams 
Wynn and Fanny were on their way to meet Charlotte, 
Mrs. Shipley. 

From Lord Carrington to his daughter, the Hon. 
Mrs. Henry W. W. 

[Part only of a letter and undated, without beginning or end] 

[1814.] 

" I heard from more quarters than one of the Cata- 
strophe at Wynnstay, & of the Frauds being to an 
immense amount, which last I ventured to contradict. 
But I must say that considering the obligations he had 
received from Sir Watkin, it is unfortunate that the 
crime of Forgery, under such circumstances of aggra- 
vation should escape legal chastisement. This seemed 
the prevailing sentiment wherever I have heard the 
matter alluded to. 



1814] LADY WILLIAMS WYNN IN PARIS 181 

" I am not sure that a Wife to Sir Watkin, tho, he will 
be happier & his house more regular as well as more 
agreeable, will have the effect which you expect upon 
his economical arrangements. It may be another 
channel of expence, but it is an event to be wished for 
nevertheless. A more certain cure for extravagance 
would be the desiring Mr. Richards, not only to pay 
everything, but to frame a plan of division of the Income 
Sir Watkin should spend in a year, into as many different 
portions as there are heads of expence. As far as 
Housekeeping goes you have had great experience at 
home how useful these divisions are at the end of the 
year to see whether the sum allotted to each head has 
been exceeded, & therefore in what way it may be 
retrenched. The larger a person's Income is the more 
such a Division is wanted. In the largest expence of all 
namely the national, it is religiously adhered to, & an 
account is published comparing the actual Expenditure 
with the previous Estimates. The principle to begin 
upon is to know the clear Income, after deducting Land 
& Income Tax, Interest paid etc. & then to regulate the 
Expenditure accordingly. You will be surprised to 
find how different these Estimates of expence will be 
from the actual expence, till you have had two or three 
years experience & then by more accurate knowledge 
& a reserve for contingences you may come near the 
mark." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" PARIS, October 9th. 

" I need not tell you how very much I am 
amused here. . . . Much has I fancy been done since 
you were here, in the erecting new Buildings & opening 
the Avenues to the old ones. Whatever Buonaparte 
has done, has been on a scale so vast that it almost makes 
one tremble still to think what might yet be within the 
perspective grasp of his imagination. All seems to me 
quite in extremes, the fine things so much above ones 
Ideas, & the rest so much below them. The rapidity 
with which He caused all his plans to be, not put into a 
Course of Execution, but brought at once to perfection, 



182 LADY WILLIAMS WYNN IN PARIS [CHAP, xm 

really makes one giddy, nor can one conceive how with 
the immense Armies that He keeps on foot, & the con- 
stant drain which his wars made on the population, 
hands enough were found for such immense Works. 
The Column of Bronze made out of the Russian & 
Austrian Cannons on the exact plan of the Trajan 
column and surmounted by a colossal Statue of himself 
was completely finished in three years. The Magasin 
de PAbondance which is a most magnificent depot of 
Corn for one year in case of scarcity would, if he had 
remained have been compleated in twelve months. It 
is now abandoned & so is the beautiful Temple de la 
Gloire of which the Columns are raised only about 
10 ft. Some time or another, I suppose these Works 
must be finished, but it is already found out that the 
Grand Genie is gone ! There are several very handsome 
new Streets with wide Trottoirs, but then as I said before 
the others are wretched in the extreme." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" Arx, November 20th. 

"The Country round Marseilles is so particularly 
ugly that we were all equally disinclined to the pro- 
longing our stay in it. ... We saw there a young 
Frenchman of the name of Dumenil (a son of a General 
D.) who was in the Laz u with your sister, & came to call 
upon her. He talked much to us of Lady Hester 
Stanhope with whom he had passed last winter, & left 
her after she was recovered of the plague at a village 
near Seyd. All her friends had left her, & she had 
nobody whatever male or female with her, but the 
Doctor. She, however, flattered herself that Lady 
Oxford 1 was coming to her, & that she should convert 
her to her own strange way of living, but in this she 
will be disappointed as Dumenil said he had just seen a 
man who had left her at Naples meaning to come straight 
home. Dumenil said he knew Vynn very well. He 
seems a thoroughly self-sufficient young Frenchman, 
fully persuaded that Paris is the acme of all terrestrial 

1 Jane, dau. of Rev. James Scott ; mar. 1794, Edward Harley, 5th 
Earl of Oxford. She died 1824. 



1814] LADY CAROLINE LAMB 183 

delights. He asked the Shipley s how long the passage 
actually was from Dover to Calais, & on hearing that it 
was often done in 4 hours, he jumped off his chair with 
an exclamation ' Et, Grand Dieu, pourquoi done 
n'avons nous fait la descente ? ' " 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

Undated. 

" The topic which is at this moment occupying the 
beau monde far more than any thing else, is this last 
extraordinary performance of that poor wretched Lady 
C. Lambe l who has narrowly escaped fracturing the 
skull of one of the miserable beings, whom she calls 
her pages, with a blow either of a Poker or, as she herself 
modifies it with a broomstick. The offence was the 
boy's refusing to go down on his two knees (he would 
have dropped on one) to ask her pardon for some mis- 
demeanor. It was three or four days before the surgeon 
could pronounce him out of danger, but now I suppose 
it will be all hushed up, & she will be suffered to walk 
about in a state which could justify a strait waistcoat. 
I . . It is certainly a most extraordinary test of the good 
humour & kindness of Lord & Lady Melbourne to endure 
such an inmate, but it is said that they do now profess 
they can bear it no longer." 



From Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" LLANOEDWIN, December 14th, 1814. 

" Baron Richards writes me word that Mrs. Perceval * 
with her twelve children is on the point of being again 
married to an Officer, Son to Dr. Carr of Northampton 
who is himself a Widower with five. It is abominable 
to think that the two thousand a year which we voted to 

1 Lady Caroline, only dau. of Fred., 3rd E. of Bessborough ; mar. 
1805, Sir William Lamb, afterwards 2nd Vise. Melbourne. She died 
1828. 

J Jane, dau. of Sir Thomas Spencer Wilson, 6th Bart. 5 mar. 1st, 
1790, Spencer Perceval, First Lord of the Treasury and Chan, of the 
Exch. He was shot dead in the H. of C. on May llth, 1812. She 
mar. 2ndly, in 1815, Sir Henry Carr, K.C.B. She died 1844. 

13 



i$4 THE BISHOP OF LLANDAFF [CHAP, xiil 

her & intended for the support of poor Perceval's children 
should only have operated as a temptation to induce her 
to desert them." 

Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" NORTON, January 5th, 1815. 

" A most ridiculous contradiction of Mrs. Perceval's 
marriage has appeared in the Courrier, assuring the 
public that Major Carr is twelve years younger than her 
& ' being a very handsome man had only paid her 
becoming attention which had been becomingly received ' 
on her part & this had given rise to the report. Would 
not * becomingly received ' make a good Caricature ? 
I send you all this important trash which the Newspapers 
furnish, since it probably will not be inserted in your 
Espnt. des Journaux." 

The Same 

" CBEWE, January 20th, 1815. 

" There has been much conversation on two Volumes 
of Tracts lately published by the Bishop of Llandaff, 1 
in one of which, I am told, he proposes alterations in 
the Liturgy & expressly attacks the Trinity. This from 
a Bishop and Professor of Divinity in the University 
of Cambridge, is some what extraordinary & one feels 
a little surprised how he can justify continuing to hold 
preferment, which he accepted on the condition of 
subscribing a contrary Doctrine. The case is an em- 
barrassing one & it will be difficult for the ruling powers 
to know how to act. If it were an inferior clergyman 
he would without question be cited into the Spiritual 
Court & as happened two or three years ago to a poor 
man of the name of Stone, be deprived of his living, 

1 Richard Watson, Bp. of Llandaff, born 1737. Admitted a sizar 
of Trinity College, Camb. 1754 ; elected to the Chair of Chemistry, 
1764 on his own statement " he had never read a syllable on the 
subject" and to the Divinity Chair in 1771 : " By hard travelling 
and some adroitness " he was given the degree of D.D. In 1781 the 
Duke of Rutland presented him with the valuable rectory of Knaptoft 
in Leicestershire, and in 1782 pressed his claims for the vacant see 
of Llandaff, to which he was appointed. He was the author of many 
papers, historical, philosophical and political, as well as theological. 
He died Bp. of Llandaff 1816. 



1815] THE CONGRESS AT VIENNA 185 

but with regard to a Bishop especially of his age & 
character such a proceeding will not be so easy." 



From Sir Waikln to Henry W. W. W. 

" VIENNA, January IQth [1815]. 

" DEAR HENRY, I think there is no doubt of Saxony 
being partially restored. I have heard that it is cal- 
culated according to the latest statistical tables to consist 
of about 2,200,000 souls, & that as the King of Prussia 
is to have an addition of 500,000 on that side, he is to 
have the lower Lusatia & part of Wittemburg with that 
town as a fortress. There is another report that the 
Elbe is to be the boundary, but if Dresden is to continue 
the capital of the remains of Saxony that is impossible. 
We know nothing & there are few reports about what 
passes in congress, but it is said that the main points 
are nearly settled & that Russia is to keep two thirds of 
Poland without the title. I hear that Castlereagh is.to 
return for the Meeting of Parliament & leave Paddy 
Clancarty l to settle the remainder of the business. I 
do not see any signs of his packing up, & Lord Clive & 
those attached to the Mission deny the report of his 
going. 

' We were all much shocked four days ago by the 
death of Montague, 2nd son to M. of Portman Square. 
He was a very good humoured lad of 22 & was working 
hard to improve himself in Lord Castlereagh's office. 
A Typhus fever carried him off in ten days. 

" I will endeavour to speak to Lord C. about you 
before I leave this place, but I think that the strong 
report of the restoration of the K. of S. ! would be 
sufficient ground for your writing to him yourself to 
remind him of the hopes that he gave to you in that 
case. To this letter you would probably get an answer 
which would shew you what chance you had of being 
employed. I fear if you do not get something in the 

1 Richard, 2nd Earl ; born 1767 ; Ambassador to the Hague 1813 ; 
mar. 1796, Henrietta Margaret, dau. of Rt. Hon. John Staples. He 
died 1837. 

a Kingdom of Saxony, established in 1816, and a Minister from 
St. James's appointed in 1816. 



186 APPRECIATION OF SIR WATKIN [CHAP, xni 

present arrangement you will get nothing hereafter, at 
least while these people are in. Sir C. Stewart 1 is 
appointed to the Hague. Military men are all the 
fashion, but from the specimen we have here it is not in 
that school that I should look for a foreign Minister." 

From Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

" ACTON, January 28th, 1815. 

" MY DEAREST MOTHER, In my letter of last week I 
mentioned the intended meeting to be held at Ruthin 
on Tuesday. The following are the Resolutions. ' That 
Sir W. W. W. Bart, in having offered his services to his 
King & Country in the late awful contest in which this 
Nation was engaged, & afterwards embarking with his 
Regiment to France has exhibited that rare instance of 
manly spirit, zeal, & unalloyed distinguished patriotism, 
which highly calls for the veneration & gratitude of 
every true lover of his Country. That the freeholders 
& inhabitants of this County from their long & near 
connection with Sir W. W. W. & his family, feeling 
these sentiments in the strongest degree, take leave to 
request that he will give them an opportunity of express- 
ing them personally, by honoring them with his company 
at a Public dinner at Ruthin on any day that may be 
most agreeable to him. That the gallant band of 
Officers & Soldiers who accompanied their Colonel to 
the Continent are also deserving of our best thanks. 
That the Officers of the Militia of this County who 
accompanied Sir W. W. W. to France, be also invited 
to the Dinner to meet their Commanding Officer. That 
a piece of Plate he presented to Sir W. W. as a token of 
the high sense his Constituents entertain of his loyalty, 
gallantry & patriotism, with an appropriate inscription, 
which may remain in his family, as a lasting memorial 
of the services he has performed for his country, & 
transmit to his posterity an example so truly worthy 
of their imitation. That a Committee be formed of all 
the Subscribers, to convey these Resolutions to Sir 
W. W. W. & his Officers to arrange the mode of giving 

1 Charles, B. of 1st Marq. of Londonderry; born 1778; created 
Baron Stewart 1814. A distinguished soldier and diplomat. Sue. 
his brother as 3rd Marq. in 1822. Died 1854. 



1815] LOCAL ZEAL AND ENTHUSIASMS 187 

the Dinner & to carry the resolution into full effect, 
that they do meet etc. etc.' 

" Near 300 was immediately subscribed, though the 
Meeting was only attended by the immediate neighbour- 
hood, the weather preventing the Dean, Wynne of 
Garthewin, & a good many others from being there. 
A Meeting had previously been held at Wrexham & 
very numerously attended to determine on giving a 
dinner there. I therefore suppose that the subscrip- 
tion will certainly amount to 6 or 700 which will be 
quite sufficient to make a magnificent appearance in the 
centre of the table & to induce every body to read the 
inscription. Griffith of Gam, proposed, & Lloyd of 
Hafodunos seconded. William Richards was there & 
described to me the enthusiasm & zeal of every person 
whom he has seen in every part of the county to 
manifest attachment & respect, to be beyond what he 
could have believed. 

" I wish that his (Watkin's) own domestic Establish- 
ment was such as might give him a welcome equal to his 
public one, but really the fraud & plunder which seems 
interwoven with it, in all its branches is such as sickens 
one & palsies every plan for improvement as only 
affording fresh opportunities for peculation. 

" Richards has received information that in the Voel 
Eglwyseg plantation, the digging holes being paid for 
by the day & the planting by the job, the labourers were 
regularly taken off from the first, for three or four hours 
per day, & employed on the second, under the Eye of 
Dawson's brother, whom he employed to superintend 
them. On Tuesday morning we are to have all the 
witnesses & enquire into the circumstances." 

From H. E. C. (Mrs. Cholmondeley) to the Hon. Mrs. 
Henry W. W. 

" ASTLB, Saturday [1815], 

" MY DEAREST HESTER, Many thanks for your letter 
this morning, I am so uncomfortable about my beloved 
Mother, on account of this news from Barcelona that 
I must vent my fears upon you & Henry, & entreat you 
to send me some comfort. I trust that as she did not 
leave Aix till the 13th there is no fear of her having em- 



188 ANXIETY OF THE PARENTE [CHAP, xin 

barked at Marseilles soon enough to be at Barcelona for all 
these horrible riots, but supposing that she should be ig- 
norant of the state of Spain (which is quite possible) when 
one remembers how very little they knew of Bonaparte's 
descent & progress, & should attempt to cross it ! And 
even supposing she knew of it in time to alter her course, 
where will she direct it to ? I hope & trust to Gibraltar. 

" I heard to-day from Lord Buckingham & will extract 
a part of his letter which I hope you will enable me to 
contradict, as I am quite certain that it is a false report, 
(of course you will not repeat it as coming from Lord B.). 
4 1 have heard to-day a thing that has plagued me much 
for Watkin's sake, do pray tell me that it is a lie, as it 
will much relieve me. The Parente" who are the greatest 
gossips that God ever formed, have got hold of a story, 
that the inscription to be put, or rather actually put, 
upon Watkin's plate given him by his county, is a very 
ridiculous one about Bonaparte's retiring jrom France 
when Sir Watkin entered it, & returning to France when he 
left it. Now I cannot believe this for Watkin's sake, but do 
pray enable me positively to contradict it, as you have 
no idea how it is circulating, thanks to said parente" ! ' 
Now I suppose this is some very ill-natured joke, which 
some kind friend has put about in London, but pray 
let me know whether any inscription is decided upon, as 
I believe the contrary to be the fact, but it makes my 
Welch blood circulate rather quickly to think that such a 
lie can be believed. 

" With best love to Henry. I remain, 

" Ever yours affectionately, 
" H. E. C." 

The piece of presentation plate took the form of a 
large silver jardiniere, 3 ft. by 2 ft. 6. The inscription 
is in English and Latin and Welsh. The English 
inscription is as follows : 

To COLONEL SIR WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, BARONET 

THE PATBIOT LEADER OF HIS COUNTRYMEN 

DURING THE REBELLION IN IRELAND AND INVASION OF FRANCE 

As A MEMORIAL OF HIS REPEATED VOLUNTARY SERVICES 

THE COUNTY OF DENBIGH 
PRESENTED THIS TRIBUTE OF ESTEEM AND GRATITUDE. 

M.D.C.C.C.X.V, 



1813] LADY WILLIAMS WYNN AT BARCELONA 189 
From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

"MADRID, May 1st [1815]. 

" You will my dearest Henry, have heard thro' some 
of the family of our safe arrival at this place on the 
26th ult., after a journey from Barcelona as unpleasant 
as any could be, unmarked by the smallest real disaster. 
Nothing can be so dull to all appearances as this Town, 
even to those to whom it has the charm of novelty. Our 
friends who, evidently desire nothing so much as to make 
it agreeable to us, cannot find a Lion to propose, except- 
ing the Prado, where we drive or walk up & down for an 
hour every evening before we go to the Play, & from 
the general effect of both these spectacles all semblance 
of brilliancy & gaiety is withdrawn by the uniform 
Black dress, which even we are obliged to adopt before 
we can appear there. Last night being Sunday, the 
promenade was enlivened by the Royal Coach which, 
followed by 2 others, dragged its contents up & down 
the walk at a foot's pace for a couple of hours. The 
King 1 is very large & fat with a Bourbon sort of 
face. He receives the Diplom. twice a week, but has 
no drawing-room, nor has any Lady been presented 
to him, but the Russian Minister's wife, who demanded 
an Audience, for the purpose which she obtained, but 
neither she nor her purpose could advance one step 
further. 

" The all devouring destroying hand of the French 
throws an air of desolation, which, while one strongly 
feels the impression of, as a Foreigner, must I really 
think to a Native & to a Spaniard, be almost more than 
any philosophy can resist. In the Road from Barcelona 
hither, not one of the objects of curiosity mentioned by 
La Borde exist. In many places not the vestige of a 
village remains, in others one sees the marks of their 
desperate resistance, in each separate & individual 
House being pierced like a sieve. 

" I have been very unlucky in missing the opportunity 
of seeing a Bull fight, which have been exhibited once 
every week till this precise moment of my arrival, 

* King Ferdinand VII, 



190 THROUGH SPAIN [CHAP, xm 

Mrs. Gordon l is quite an ' amateur ' of the sports, & 
assures me that after the first or second time I should 
get over all awkward feelings which might check my 
delight in it. Of this I do not feel quite so sure but at 
all events I should very much like to have seen the first 
coup d'oeil of such an assembly & the dresses of the 
Piccadores & other performers. Tho' they are exhibited 
so regularly & frequently they say the Concourse is never 
less than 12,000 people. The first thing I saw when I 
went to the Gordon Nursery was a Bull of the proportion 
of a Rocking Horse upon wheels, with a cork neck into 
which one little boy was to throw darts while the other 
pushed it at Him. This is certainly a most national toy. 

" Last night I saw a Fandango for the first time, & 
admired it extremely. I was told that it was extremely 
* low, Good Heavens ' ! & certainly I saw nothing to 
object to in it, of a contrary description. The Boleros 
I do not in general like as well as Angrilinis. 

" I see nothing which is in the least likely to prolong 
my stay here beyond my originally fixed day the 23rd. 
inst. My Muleteers are to deliver me at Lisbon Ferry 
in 13 days, & I shall have an escort of 4 Soldiers with me 
the whole way. This is reckoned indispensably neces- 
sary & with it I understand there is no danger whatever, 
as they never come to a pitched Battle. My stay at 
Lisbon will be governed entirely by the means which shall 
offer of getting away." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" FALMOUTH, June Wth [1815]. 

" Here I am my dearest Children, delighted to think 
that my first Letter which I address to you at your own 
Home should be to remove all the kind anxiety which I 
have most unwillingly occasioned to you for some 
months past. We arrived early this morning after a 
most tedious passage of 14 days, with almost constant 
Northly Winds, & not without considerable apprehension 

1 Caroline, dau. of Sir George Cornwall, Bart., of Moccas. She 
mar. 1810, William Gordon, who succeeded his uncle in November 
1815 to the Baronetage of Gordon of Halkin, having previously assumed 
the additional surname of Duff. She died 1875. 



1815] NEWS OF WATERLOO 191 

of French Privateers. Thank God, however, we have 
escaped that & many other Evils, which we have certainly 
been within very immediate reach of, & which will now 
only serve to make an interesting Story to my Grand- 
children. There is so much delay in getting my Coach 
etc., on Shore that the best I hope is to get on one Stage 
this evening. This will much facilitate my getting to 
London on Wednesday which is all I expect. Lady 
Carysfort has taken Lodgings for me on my arrival 
at the Camelford House Hotel, which perfectly corre- 
sponds with her usual thoughtful kindness, as it will 
save me the bustle of first landing at a naked House." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" LONDON, June 29th, 1815. 

"... Everybody for the last ten days has had so much 
to hear & say that We have been passing our time pretty 
much as St. Paul describes the Athenians of old. At 
this moment Count Woronzow's l servant brings the 
following in an open Note for Lord Grenville (who has 
left London yesterday) ' Bonaparte s'est rendu a Com- 
piegne, le Due de Wellington et celuici est probablement 
a Paris, a Chevre qu'il est, les Autrichiens sont a Lyon. 
L'armee Russe a passee le Rhin le 25.' I take for granted 
that this will be in the Evening papers, but I am, from 
experience so well aware how much kinder it is to give 
to one's Correspondents the Chance of reading news 
twice over, rather than not reading it at all, that I shall, 
I believe, henceforth always make my letters like the 
resumes in the County papers. We have repeatedly 
thought how very unhappy you must have been at being 
met by all this magnificent News when you was parted 
from your Maps. Every body is wild with Admiration 
of our wonderful Hero.* All the private letters are filled 
with enthusiastic enconiums on Him, even in the first 
moments of individual suffering. Lord Grenville insists 
upon its being considered as the Sum total of a whole 

1 A Russian nobleman, whose dau. Catherine had married, as hia 
second wife, George, llth Earl of Pembroke. 
* Duke of Wellington. 



192 DETAILS DELAYED [CHAP, xin 

& heavy Campaign, & not the losses of a single Day. 
Still one cannot but feel horror at the idea of the details 
which are yet to come out, & which I fear will hardly 
appear to have been aggravated by the dreadful long 
time of Suspence during which they have been looked for. 
Many people think that Government will not publish 
them, but I hope that will not be the case, as such 
Concealment could not diminish the general impression 
of the loss sustained, & would only give that of our not 
daring to look it in the face. The too obvious cause of 
the returns not arriving is found in there not being one 
of the Duke's staff who has escaped unhurt, & who 
therefore has yet been able to make it out. The D. 
himself had the most extraordinary hair-breadth 
escapes that can be conceived, Sir William Gordon was 
killed in the Act of turning the head of the Duke's horse, 
& Lord Fitz S. 1 was resting his Arm on the D.'s knee 
receiving his orders, when a Ball took it off, & was by so 
doing turned off. On this good fortune, & this alone He 
expatiates in his first letter written with his left hand 
to his Mother. Lord Combermere sets out to-day, & 
My Lady is delighted with the thoughts of her trip to 
Paris, in what Henry's poor Servant would have called 
* A leading Character.' The accounts of Lord Uxbridge 
are said to be unfavourable, which at this particular 
moment one is in duty bound to lament, otherwise I 
should certainly excuse myself." 

Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" ATJDLEY END, Wednesday. 

" I suppose you have heard of Sir H. Wellesley's * 
marrying Lady G. Cecil, which is considered as affaire 
faite & as far as it can be ever good to marry into the 
Wellesley family must, I suppose, give much satisfaction. 

1 Ld. Fitzroy Somerset (afterwards Ld. Raglan, C.-in-Chief during the 
Crimean War) ; born 1788. Military Secretary to the Duke of Wel- 
lington throughout the Peninsular Campaign. He died during the 
siege of Sebastopol 1855. 

2 Henry, 5th a. of 1st Earl of Mornington ; born 1773. K.C.B. Mar. 
1st, Charlotte, dau. of 1st Earl Cadogan (whom he divorced in 1810, 
and she mar. 1810, 1st Earl of Anglesey) ; he mar. 2ndly in 1816, 
Georgina, dau. of 1st Marq. of Salisbury. She died 1860. He was 
created Baron Cowley 1828. He died 1847, 



1816] MARRIAGE GOSSIP 193 

Lord Sligo is marrying a Lady Catherine de Burgh, 
daughter of Lady Clanrickard, 1 a poor child barely 16, 
who has never seen anything of the world, nor probably 
heard anything of her intended but that he is a great 
Lord who will make her a fine lady. When one sees 
the result of the Byron experiment, one trembles at the 
idea of a Roue turning married man. His Mama, 
Lady Sligo, 8 is supposed to have found out that it 
will be pleasanter to live on the Continent without her 
youthful Lord, than in England with him, but far other- 
wise his Aunt whose inseparability from her little 
Phippy has obtained to them the name of ' Hook & Eye ' 
which I think is not without merit. 

" Adieu my dearest, love & blessing to my dear 
Henry & the etc. " 

The Same 

" BBOOK STBEET, February 26th. 

" ... The Coburgh Marriage ' seems to be the only 
genteel Topic of Conversation. The Measure is sup- 
posed to have been forced on P. R. 4 by his Ministers, & 
that He desires nothing more than to put it forward to 
His daughter in such an uninviting Shape as may 
ensure her refusal of it. Hitherto She has had no more 
intimate communication of it than the rest of her fellow 
Subjects by means of the Newspapers, where She will at 
least have the counterpart to sing of ' nobody coming 
to marry me.' The Accounts of her worthy Sire even 
from the most courtly & cautious reporters are most 
unfavourable. The weakness of His lower limbs is so 
great that He now remains entirely in his Bed with 
strong dropsical Symptoms. Many will tell you that 
it can last but few months, which, however, I shall be 
very slow to believe after what one has seen, & daily 
does see, of the tenacity of life in the whole family. The 

1 Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Thomas Burke, 1st Bart. ; she mar. 1799, 
Thomas, 13th Earl of Clanricarde, who died 1808. She died 1854. 

2 Lady Louisa Howe, dau. and co-h. of Richard, Earl Howe. She 
mar. 1st in 1787, John, 1st Marq. of Sligo. He died 1809. She mar. 
2ndly, Sir William Scott (Ld. Stowell), and died 1817. 

3 The marriage of Princess Charlotte to Prince Leopold of 
Coburg, which took place on May 2nd. 

4 Prince Regent, 



194 LORD PEMBROKE'S INHERITANCE [CHAP, xm 

Wellcsley & Cecil Match takes place immediately which 
I mention only to introduce a Gentillesse of that respect- 
able personage the Marquis of Anglesea, who upon 
hearing of it expressed his opinion of the Lady's beauty 
by saying ' / shall not trouble him again.' 

"Lord Pembroke's l inheritance from Lord Fitzwilliam 1 
will ultimately be no less than 20,000 a year, at present 
He gives 4,000 per ann. between the Brothers & their 
family, which is only to be admired inasmuch as it would 
have been wrong to have done otherwise. Not above 
a month before his death Lord F. was expressing to His 
friend Whitburn the Bookseller, his hesitation whether 
He should leave it all to Lord P. or to another relation 
equally near. Nowhere, however, could it have been 
more acceptable as Lord P. was on the point of breaking 
up & selling everything to make a provision for his 
numerous family." 

Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BKOOK STBEET, Wednesday. 

" The Royal Marriage is said to be fixed for the 
4th April. I suppose the rebound of it will produce 
something like the usual London Stile of Gaiety, hitherto 
Lady Salisbury* & Lady Camden 4 have been the only 
people who ventured on the expenditure of a dozen 
pounds of Sperm Candles. 

" I am full of delight with the establishment of the 
Bazaar, 8 not particularly for the Articles which may 
certainly be procured at no considerable difference in 
fifty other places, but from seeing & hearing from people 
themselves the incalculable advantages derived from 
it. The Room is a large one, the whole lower floor 

1 Ld. Pembroke, the llth Earl, who had seven children. 

1 Ld. Fitzwilliam, 7th Irish Vise. ; born 1745 ; died unmar. 
February 4th, 1816, and was sue. by his brother. (Richard, the 5th 
Vise., who died in 1743, and was the grandfather of the 7th and 8th 
Viscounts, had a dau. Mary, who mar. as her 1st husband in 1733, 
Henry, 9th E. of Pembroke.) 

3 Mary, dau. of 1st Marq. of Downshire ; mar. James, 1st. Marq. of 
Salisbury 1773. She was burnt to death in 1835 when Hatfield was 
damaged. 

* Francis, dau. of William Molesworth of Wembury j mar. 1785, 
1st Marq. Camden. She died 1829, 

' Soho bazaar, 



1816] THE SOHO BAZAAR 195 

of the Corner House next to Sir J. Bankes's in Soho 
Square. It is fitted up with Counters^all round & down 
the middle, of these, portions of 8 ft.. each are let out as 
Standings, & are paid for at the rate of 2s. each, which is 
paid every night. This is the only expence to the 
Tenant. The Room is warmed by stoves, & the firing, 
watching, & everything else is supplied by the Landlord, 
who will I really think find it answer even in Money, if 
it goes on, but I am sure He would be sufficiently repaid 
by the blessings which I heard poured down upon him, 
by every one of the different Occupiers to whom I spoke. 
There are 60 in this Lower Room, the same Space is 
fitting up above for the same purposes, & there are 
already above 100 applicants. The Gentleman to 
whom the premises belong, & who has the whole merit 
of the invention & execution is Mr. Trotter, Brother to 
the Army Agent. His name ought to be written in 
letters of Gold. Every Article of every sort is sold there 
from Apples & Oranges to the fine Lace, all British, all 
for ready money, & no Abatement ever made." 



The Same 

" BBOOK STBEET, Saturday. 

" The Coburgh concern is considered as settled & the 
Marriage to take place in May. Lord St. Helens says it 
is a pretty sight ' to see them both on the Sofa together,' 
but for the present all these prettinesses are suspended, 
& the poor Lover sent to kick his heels & cool his passion 
at Weymouth, ' while arrangements are Making.' This, 
in common life, would not be considered as a very 
gracious proceeding towards an accepted beau-fils, but 
I suppose Royal ones are trained to such * gentillesses. 1 
Fanny made her debut last Thursday, at the Ant 
Concert where the great Event was the appearance of 
the new Royal Duchess l who came with her Sweet 
Spouse, 1 & marching up squatted Herself in the very 
Centre of the Sanctum Sanctorum, the Director's Bench. 
There happened to be none present, excepting the Duke 

1 William Frederick, 2nd Duke of Gloucester, grandson of King 
George II ; mar. 1816, his first cousin, Princess Mary, 4th dau. of 
King George III. She died 1857. He died 1834. 



196 THE ROYAL WEDDING [CHAP, xm 

of Devon. 1 & Lord Fortescue, who had both dined 
with Her at the Dinner given by the Duke as Director 
of the Night. Nothing like a female attendant or 
Companion appeared either at' the Dinner or Concert, 
two male German sticks followed them into the Concert 
Room, & so little knew what they were brought for, that 
they remained planted, while the Duke went out to call 
for His carriage & theirs. Fanny says she has not a 
trace of beauty, but in a fine skin, & uncommonly 
beautifully shaped Head extremely well set on. She is 
passionately fond of music, which together with the 
particular charm of Her Manners & conversation has so 
infatuated Lord F. that He is gone to dine there to-day 
en famille, being I should think almost the only Peer in 
England who would do Her Royal Husband that honour. 
" The Duke of Devon has asked her to come with the 
Duke of G. to His Director's Dinner next Wednesday 
& will, I suppose, get the Duchess of Leeds, 8 who is 
among the very few who have visited Her, to meet Her. 
What the Archbishop & the other stiff old Gentlemen 
will do after this precedent will be comical to watch." 

Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STBEET, Monday. 

" The Royal Wedding begins now to be the only 
topick, & the going to look at the different parts of the 
wardrobe the chief employment of the beau monde. 
She takes only 6,000 for her trousseau, including Jewels 
which seems very moderate, but Grandmama's s pre- 
voyance had laid by the greatest part of what was 
before purchased for the same purpose, & which of course 
comes now in aid. They are to be married at 10 o'clock 
at night at Carlton House, & then to stay two days, 
which is a more Christian-like arrangement than is 
usually made for such personages. Her Aunt of 
Wurtenburgh breakfasts next morning with the King 
& Queen, & all their suite. It is piously hoped by all 
court frequenters that the abolition of the Hoop, which 

1 The 6th D. of Devonshire ; born 1790 ; sue. his father in 1811 ; 
died unmarried in 1857. 

1 Charlotte, dau. of George, 1st Marq. Townsend ; mar. 6th D. of Leeds 
1797. She died 1856. Queen Charlotte. 



1816] THE ROYAL WEDDING 197 

is given out in Orders for the Wedding will extend to 
future Drawing-rooms. None of the Household are yet 
named excepting Lady George Thynne 1 & Lady Emily 
Murray. 2 The first seems in every respect unobjection- 
able. Her husband belongs to Court she has neither 
chick nor child to want her care, & is I suppose in bodily 
powers equal to any exertion which her young mistress 
may call upon her for, but to the latter every one of these 
points present difficulties. She has a young husband 
who will have to seek a friend & fire-side when she is 
unable to supply it. She has a young child, whom she 
is never satisfied to have out of her sight, & she has a 
state of health which has always hitherto required her 
to be kept in cotton wool. It is however entirely Lord 
James's seeking, & therefore he at least will have no 
right to complain whatever be the consequence." 

1 Harriet, dau. of William, 2nd Vise. Courtenay ; mar. 1797, George, 
2nd s. of 1st Marq. of Bath. He sue. his uncle as 2nd Ld. Carteret 
and d.s.p. 1838. 

1 Emily Frances, dau. of 2nd D. of Northumberland; mar. 1810, Ld. 
James Murray, 2nd s. of 4th D. of Atholl. He afterwards became 
Major-Gen, and was created Ld. Glenlyon. He died 1837. She died 
1844. 



CHAPTER XIV 

18171820 

BESIDES events of social interest and the gossip of 
the beau-monde, the topic of most importance during 
1817 in the Williams Wynn family was Charles's candi- 
dature for the Speaker's chair. 

Mr. Charles Abbott resigned on May 80th, and was 
raised to the Peerage as Baron Colchester. 

Mr. Manners Sutton and Charles were the opposing 
candidates, and the Commons gave their votes against 
the nominee of the Grenville Party by a majority of 
162. Lady Williams Wynn's disappointment was very 
keen. 

Fanny Williams Wynn, as inveterate a globe-trotter 
as her brother Henry, began her winter trips abroad 
in 1817, visiting her sister Charlotte Shipley in Majorca, 
and making tours through France and Italy. Her 
mother's letters to her during her wanderings are pre- 
served by the Trustees of the National Library for 
Wales, at Aberystwyth, by whose permission they find 
their place in this correspondence. 

The family excitement during the General Election 
of 1818 centred in Lord Ebrington's fight for the county 
of Devon. 

The death of the old King, the accession of the Prince 
Regent, the subsequent controversies with reference 
to the Queen's trial, all play a large part in the letters of 
this time, and an interesting mention is made of the 
conspiracy, known as the Cato Street Plot, discovered 
but three weeks after the new Sovereign had come to the 

198 




Hoppner 



198] 



LORD STANHOPE 199 

throne, for the avowed purpose of assassinating the 
Ministers of the Crown. The plot aroused throughout 
England a terror which amounted to something like 
panic ; in itself it was not widespread, but confined to 
the leading agitator, Thistlewood, and a few confederates, 
all of whom were arrested, tried for high treason, and 
executed. 

The country at large continued m a state of unrest 
and general discontent. 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BKOOK STREET, Wednesday. 

" I met your beau-frere, the Earl, 1 the other day 
at Lord Grenville's & was, I assure you, quite struck 
with his improvement in beauty & manners. Lady 
Grenville declares that he was looking at himself in the 
Glass, the whole time & adjusting his Neck-cloth which, 
however I am sorry to say, still keeps a respectful 
distance from his Chin. We saw, waiting in the Hall, 
his famous Jager, who constantly attends him, & cer- 
tainly a most mountebank looking personage, with a 
Cap 3 ft. high, from the top of which falls a fringe of the 
blackest Feather or Horse hair hanging quite over the 
man's face. He is all over silver lace & with an immense 
Sabre. Lord S. talked of going back in the Spring to 
fetch his family. The Executors are, I hear, cavilling 
for everything, they tried hard to claim the Robes (I 
wonder for what earthly purpose) as personalty, & are 
now contending with him for all the Stanhope papers 
which it is feared they will get. These they may make 
money of, but what they could do with the old Velvet 
it is impossible to guess. I have not seen the Countess 
Dowager 2 but hear she is very indignant at the State- 
ment in the Will of her transactions with her Substitute." 

1 Philip Henry, 4th E. Stanhope. He mar. as Ld. Mahon 1803, 
Catherine Lucy, dau. of 1st Ld. Carrington; sue. his father 1816. 
He died 1855. 

1 Louisa, dau. and sole h. of Hon. Henry Grenville, Governor of 
Barbadoes ; mar. 1781, as his second wife, Charles, 3rd E. Stanhope 
(whose first wife, Lady Hester Pitt, dau. of 1st E. of Chatham, died 
1780;. She died 1829. 

14 



200 SOCIETY WEDDINGS [CHAP, xiv 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, April 30th, 1817. 

" My frank being to you my dearest Henry, I must 
to you address my letter. I am most unfeignedly 
delighted with Lady H. 1 & agreeably surprised at finding 
her hitherto very conversible, which your report did not 
much lead me to expect. It must however be remem- 
bered that you saw her under every disadvantage & 
suddenly thrown into the necessity of assuming habits 
of Intimacy with a large family party with whom she 
could hardly have one subject of conversation in 
common. They are both very proud of having got 
their Rooms in St. James' Square so comfortable, & 
seem to sit down quite reconciled to the dirt & rags. 

" The Grand Wedding * takes place to-night, the 
gentlemen of the family are to dine together at Lord 
dive's * where the Ladies are to arrive at 8 o'clock to 
pick them up & proceed to Northumberland House, 
Charles is as you may imagine all fever about the 
Speakership, tho' for the present it seems at a standstill. 
The question has certainly already brought forward 
many more professions of good will & acknowledgements 
of claim with respect to him than we could have expected, 
though while the one great Bar to preferment continues, 
we cannot look to his leaping it. There is much ad- 
vantage as well as gratification in what has passed, & 
is passing on the subject. 

" The Harvey* marriage has richly supplied the town 
with small talk this week, never was there, I should say, 
so great a Bicky, tho' some people say that much of it 
is assumed as naivete*. He says he takes her as an 
' unsophisticated Being.' What ideas he attaches to 
that phrase which makes him think it is peculiarly 

1 Lady Harriet, 1st dau. of Edward, 1st E. of Powis, who in 
February 1817 had married Sir Watkin. 

* Hugh, 3rd D. of Northumberland, mar. April 30th, 1817, Lady 
Charlotte Clive, 2nd dau. of 1st E. of Powis. 

3 Edward, afterwards 2nd E. of Powis ; born 1785; mar. 1818, 
Lucy, dau. of 3rd E. of Montrose. He died 1848. 

4 Felton Elwell Hervey, born 1782 ; assumed the additional name 
of Bathurst 1801 ; mar. April 24th, 1817, Louisa Catherine, 3rd dau. 
of Richard Caton of Maryland, U.S.A. (she mar. 2ndly in 1838, 
Francis, 7th D. of Leeds, and d.s.p. 1874). He was created a 
baronet 1818, with special remainder to his brother. He died 1819. 



1817] SOCIETY WEDDINGS 201 

suited to his case I know not, but I think none of His 
friends seem to fancy it would suit theirs 1 She throws 
herself entirely on the protection of the Duke of Welling- 
ton & in the hour of interval which necessarily took 
place on her Wedding Day, between the two ceremonies 
she insisted on walking away on the Duke's arm to see 
the Waterloo Panorama. During the Protestant Cere- 
mony, when she was called to repeat after the Minister, 
she stopped short & burst out into loud laughter, & then 
began tittering the whole time. During the reading of 
the Settlement, when they came to the provision for 
younger Children, she exclaimed a haute voix to the 
reading Quill-driver, ' how do you know that I shall 
have any younger Children ? ' On her Belle Mere l 
proposing some servant to her for her new manage, she 
said it was perfectly unnecessary * As the Duke has 
asked me to live with Him, & I am determined to do so.* 
In short the stories are endless & hold out no encourage- 
ment to the Election of unsophisticated Beings for 
Wives. 

" Car Neville's * marriage is supposed to be booked 
for the end of next week which being the last piece of 
news that occurs to me. I will with all Love & Blessing 
to all conclude my miscellaneous epistle." 

The Same 

" BBOOK STBEBT, Friday, May Qth, 1817. 
" I do not know whether Hester or you will take any 
interest in hearing that, Lady Catherine West * is going 
to marry Major or Colonel D'Arcy, but we who re- 
member all the foolish things she did & said at Stowe 
& have heard how wretched a life she led with her half- 
crazy Mother, cannot but think that any change must 
be to her advantage. You will be sorry to hear that 
poor Lady Normanton continues very ill, he was to have 

1 Lady Fremantle, wife of Rt. Hon. Sir William Fremantle (Selina, 
dau. and h. of Sir John Elwell ; mar. 1779, Felton Hervey, who died 
1785). 

2 Caroline, dau. of 2nd Ld. Braybrooke ; mar. 1817, Beilly Lawley 
(who assumed the surname of Thompson in 1839), afterwards 1st 
Baron Wenlock. She died 1868. 

3 Dau. of 4th E. of Delaware; mar. 1817, Col. Joseph D'Arcy, B.A. 
She died 1824. 



202 SOCIETY WEDDINGS [CHAP, xiv 

dined with your Brother yesterday but sent word that 
he could not leave Her. Lady Elphinstone l the 
Widow of 45, to whom Lord Exeter, 8 the Marquis of 21, 
is pouring forth his vows & Entreaties, has desired a 
Demur of 6 months, at the end of which time, if she 
appears to Him to have gained in youth, & He to Her, 
brings proper symptoms of age, she promises to be 
gracious. Miss Mercer gives herself & her independant 
4000 pr. an. to Flahault s (whom Lady Perth calls 
Flott,) in spite of Lord Keith's disinheriting Will, which 
he shews to her, & everybody else who comes near Him, 
adding that the rascal shall never come within His 
doors. 

" I hear the Catholic Division to-night is expected to 
be very stormy & that Fortescue has professed his 
intention of voting for it, which I can hardly believe. 
Never was anything so complete as Canning's triumph, 
nor so handsome as the conduct of Lord Milton * who 
had in addition to all party feelings to get over the 
remembrance of Canning's most unfair personal attack 
upon him, & to brow beat Him on his first Speech in the 
House. And I really think that this does the greatest 
honour to Lord M. both as an upright Judge & a Gentle- 
man. 

" God bless you dearest, I hate this messy way of 
scrawling but was surprised into it by my subject." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" May 29th, [1817], 

" I have this moment received dear Hester's letter 
& having my Frank, to you, my dearest must address 
to you, my thanks. . . . 

1 Lady Elphinstone, Janet Hyndford, widow of Sir John Carmichael, 
2nd dau. of Cornelius Elliott, of Roxburghshire. She mar. John, 12th 
Ld. Elphinstone, 1806. He died 1813. She died 1825. 

1 2nd Marq., born 1795 ; mar. 1824, Isabella, dau. of William 
Stephen Poyntz of Cowdray Park, Sussex. 

8 Flahault, August Charles Joseph, Comte de Flahault, de la Bil- 
lardrie, sometime Ambassador of France at the Court of St. James. 
He married in 1817, Hon. Margaret Mercer, daughter of Bajon Keith. 
She succeeded to her father's Barony, which on her death in 1867 
became extinct. General Flahault died 1870. 

4 Charles, Ld. Milton, afterwards 5th Earl Fitzwilliam ; born 1786 ; 
mar. 1806, Mary, dau. of 1st Ld. Dundas. He sue. his father in 
1833. He died 1857. He sat in the H. of C. 1807-33. 



1817] EBRINGTON'S MARRIAGE 203 

14 If the news of Ebrington's l marriage reached you 
on Tuesday it was certainly very premature, as not a 
Soupcon of it had been dropped to any of the family 
till Monday when it was announced in form, Just in 
time enough for us to receive the compliments of the 
Nobility & Gentry at Stafford House in the evening. 
Everybody seems to consider it as a pretty Match, & 
his Father & Mother are quite delighted with it. The 
young Lady has her two Uncles, the Archbishop and 
Bishop, 2 ready to answer for her merits in all the most 
serious essential requisites, & for the Ornamental part 
nobody doubts her being pre-eminent. It is said that 
Lord Harrowby himself has taken pains with her reading 
& that she is extremely well informed. 

" That she is a most singular fortunate young woman 
I am most fully pursuaded, being still of my early 
opinion that He is of all others the man most calculated 
to make the happiness of a woman who He should 
really love. 

" This moment brings me a note from Lord Glaston- 
bury saying ' The Speaker resigns to-morrow, I have 
this intelligence thro' a Channel which I conceive to be 
authentic.' This as you may believe flustered me not 
a little." 

On June 2nd the Prince Regent intimated to the 
House of Commons that he had accepted the resignation 
of Mr. Speaker Abbott (who was thereupon created Baron 
Colchester) and desired the faithful Commons to elect 
a new Speaker. 

Mr. Manners-Sutton, the Judge-Advocate-General, 
was proposed by Sir J. Nicols, and seconded by Mr. 
Lyttelton. Mr. Dickinson proposed Charles, and in the 
Duke of Buckingham's Memories the remark is added, 
*' on whose peculiar fitness for the Office he expatiated.'* 
Sir Matthew White Ridley was the seconder, and Mr. 

1 Afterwards 2nd Earl Fortescue ; mar. 1st, July 4th, 1817, Lady 
Susan Ryder, dau. of 1st E. of Harrowby (she died 1827) ; 2ndly 1841, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Piers Geale, and widow of Sir Marcus Somerville. 

* Edward Vernon Harcourt, Archbp. of York, and Henry Ryder, 
Bp. of Gloucester (afterwards Bp. of Lichfield). 



204 CANDIDATURE FOR SPEAKERSHIP [CHAP, xiv 

Wilberforce was amongst those who spoke in support 
of Charles. 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" June 4th, 1817. 

" I have sent, dearest Henry, to Portman Square for 
a Frank the want of which prevented my writing to you 
yesterday, tho' I knew full well that every particular of 
our late most anxious business would reach you thro' 
a more direct Channel than mine. The result was, I 
believe, full as good as we had any reason to expect, & 
it has certainly brought forward much testimony of 
personal friendship as well as of general good opinion, 
but still the whole thing has, as you may believe been 
matter of great worry to me. Nothing certainly can 
have been more decidedly adverse, to all political 
speculation than our proceedings in this Session, we 
have thrown off from us a great many valuable friends, 
& have not established the smallest claim on any one 
of our oponents. I am now quite persuaded that We 
are as much aloof from every Member of the present 
Administration as We have ever been. Even Lord 
Liverpool, 1 in making to Lord Grenville the communica- 
tion of Abbott's resignation, which he did not do, till 
He was obliged to tell Him that the Committee on the 
Hab. Corpus was put off, did it in the driest stiff est 
manner possible precisely as it would have been notified 
to a Clerk. Lord Buckingham has, I am persuaded, 
never had the most distant offer of Paris, nor would He 
take it in my opinion, if He had. He hates the French en 
masse, & the Court in every branch & subdivision of it, 
& I think with very good reason. They cannot without 
pain look at a man whose every feature reminds them of 
obligations which it wounds their pride to acknowledge. 

" June 5th. Thus far I had written when I was inter- 
rupted by morning Visitors & I could not resume my 
thread line, enough to finish the leaf for the post. 

" Among my visitors was your Uncle Tom who came 
in quite dancing with joy at the extraordinary scene 

i Prime Minister, 1812-27. 



1817] CHARLES'S HOPES 205 

which had passed in the House of Commons the night 
before, & of which he had been so lucky as to hear the 
particulars from Canning who was very innocently 
pressed to say what business had detained him so much 
longer than he expected from their weekly Literary 
Club. Your Uncle says that if he had been obliged to 
have pointed out the precise thing which (Next to M. 
Button's J having declined the Chair & proposed Charles) 
would have given him most pleasure, it was just what 
did take place. The Manner & the Matter, all was a 
souhait. Charles tells me that he wrote you a long letter 
yesterday, so that I need not enter into any further 
particulars excepting to say what he probably did not, 
how very great an impression, the mildness & amiability 
with which he treated his more than half-slain foes, 
made upon every part of the House. Lord Glaston- 
bury's chuckle upon it has not ceased yet, & Lady 
Spencer sits to receive the Compliments of the Nobility 
& Gentry. She has heard that among other strong 
arguments used in favour of M. Sutton, one was the 
extreme importance of having a ' Protestant Speaker ' 
& this, as you may believe, roused in her no small 
jealousy of her own Articles of Faith. Ebrington's 
resignation of his Seat & public notification of its being 
accepted did much mischief & spread about so much 
report of coalition, that one man (Fred Douglas) said He 
would vote for Charles if he was put up by the opposition, 
but not if proposed by Government. 

" Have you heard of the Earl's (N.B. Stanhope) having 
on his last return from foreign parts made one of his 
very best bows, to Lord Liverpool, telling him that the 
time that he had past abroad had so fully convinced 
him of the folly & mischief of the opinions in which he 
had been brought up, that henceforth He only begged 
to be considered as the most devoted, humble Servant 
of His Majesty's Government. 

" I was in hopes that the many new drafts which 
Ebrington's new pursuit was likely to make both on his 

1 Son of the Most Rev. Charles Manners- Sutton, Archbp. of Canter- 
bury ; born 1780 ; Speaker of H. of C. 1817-34 ; raised to the Peerage 
as Viscount Canterbury. He mar. 1st, 1811, Lucy, dau. of John 
Denison. She died 1815. He mar. 2ndly, 1828, Ellen, dau. of Edmund 
Power, and widow of John Hume Purves. He died 1846. 



206 LADY W. W.'S DISAPPOINTMENT [CHAP, xiv 

purse & time might possibly put by His ill-advised 
electioneering mania, but of that, I fear there is no 
chance, nor has his present- situation restored one smile 
to his Face or removed one shade of yellow from his 
complexion. I hear Lady Harrowby gives her 6000 
down which is better than I expected. Every body 
speaks of her in the highest strain of panegyric, par- 
ticularly in the Literary line which will be of great 
value to her Belle Mere who, with great.turn for it herself, 
has never been able to inspire the smallest degree of the 
same taste in any of her young ones. 

" Robert dive's 1 marriage is avoued, but is not to be 
declared until Lord Amherst's arrival which hi my 
opinion is a very absurd & unnecessary Compliment, & 
I fancy R. C. is pretty much of the same way of thinking, 
for anything so dull & woe-begone as he was at the grand 
St. James' Square dinner on Monday, I never saw. The 
bon: ton: Hymen list sets forth, Lord Clive & Lady 
L. Graham, 8 & Lord Dartmouth & Miss Morton,' but the 
little Earl has shewn himself such a gay deceiver that I 
shall have no faith in his being fairly hooked till she is 
ringed. . . ." 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STBEET, June IQth, 1817. 

" MY DEAREST HESTER, I have not yet recovered 
the final blow to all my political Speculations for my 
beloved Charles, though I certainly never for a moment 
entertained hopes of his success in this last push, when 
I learnt how the vacancy had been announced by Lord 
L. to Lord G. but while the object remained open I 
always indulged a fond hope that by some lucky chance 
we might attain it, now Alas ! I look upon it as quite 
gone & after what we saw the other day, I am per- 
suaded that if M. Sutton was to resign to-morrow 
Ministry could bring down just as many to vote for Mr. 

1 2nd s. of 1st E. of Powis ; mar. 1819, Harriet, Baroness Windsor. 

3 The marriage took place on February 9th, 1818. 

3 William, 4th E. of Dartmouth; born 1784; mar. 1st, 1821, 
Frances, dau. of 2nd E. Talbot. She died on October 4th, 1823. 
He mar. 2ndly, on October 25th, J828, Frances, dau. of 5th Vise. Bar- 
rington. Be died 1853, 



1818] GOSSIP 207 

Higgins or Mr. Wiggins as did for Him. The triumph 
of the next day was certainly very gratifying to my 
good Charles' friends, but will do little towards fattening 
his six hungry children. 

" The break up of Robert dive's match, is the high 
gossip of the day, I regret it, in the first place because 
I like Him & He is of course in despair, but much more 
on his sister's account who has made herself quite unwell 
with unhappiness about it, at the same time I own I 
cannot but smile at the very different views which old 
P. takes of the subject of jointure as applied to a son 
& to a daughter, & at His great surprise at finding him- 
self met by Lady Amherst on his own ground. Still 
I think when Lord Amherst comes, it may very probably 
be brought on again, but the truth is that tho' he 
(R. C.) is wonderously richly appointed for a second 
Son, a man of 8,000 a year so tied up is no very great 
Catch for an extremely admired girl of high family with 
12,000, but the Clives are so perfectly intoxicated with 
good fortune that it is impossible they should not just 
now expect everything to bow before them. There is 
another match just announced which I think you will 
reckon particularly well assorted, Lord Selsea ? & the 
youngest of the melancholy tribe of Irbys. 1 The 
famillies on both sides are in extacies & the young 
people of course must be something more." 

The Same 

" BBOOK STREET, Monday, May 18th, 1818. 
" Harriet 8 has certainly been on the whole much 
better than usual & has enjoyed her London Campaign 
very much. She looks to about the 10th June for the 
dissolution of her Session as well as that of many other 
great folk, & in the mean time doing all sorts of gay 
things. She is at this moment in the employment in 
which she certainly shines the least, of ordering a dress 
for this Evening to attend Lady C. Cholmondley's * 

1 Anne Maria Louisa, 5th dau. of 2nd Baron Boston ; mar. 1817, 
Ld. Selsey, who died 1839. She died 1870. 

8 Mrs. Cholmondeley. 

3 Charlotte, 1st dau. of 1st Marq. of Cholmondeley ; mar. 1818, 
Lt,-CpJ. Hugh Seymour. 



208 MORE SOCIETY MARRIAGES [CHAP, xiv 

marriage which is to be performed en grande Ceremonie 
at ten o'clock, under the Auspices of P. R. who is to 
give her away. I should not like to see my son receive 
a Bride from such an unlucky hand, nor should I think 
my daughter's virgin purity, unpolluted in approaching 
the Altar thro' so gross an atmosphere. Lady Chol- 
mondley's sense of the disparity of the match will not 
be lessened by the obvious Contrast of it with that of Lord 
Harrington's third daughter with the Duke of Leinster, 1 
which has just been announced. The Lady is, as her 
Sister was, three years older than Her Sposo, but if she 
is in every other respect the parallel of Lady Tavistock 
the Duke of Leinster may be satisfied with his lot, as she 
probably at this moment feels with Hers. 

' The Dissolution is now spoken of, quite confidently 
for the 10th, & the writs are already lodged in the Office, 
but the State of the Queen keeps them all in a fever. 
She had another Attack three days ago, which however 
was again put by, & she took her place as usual at 
Her Commerce. People have not done talking of the 
squeeze at Gloucester House, which was a most exact 
& daughter-like copy of the Drawing-room, both in 
numbers & quality. Mrs. Ross took a faint upon the stair- 
case, & in order to give her room & air, an Alarm was 
given that the whole was giving way : this sent every 
body flying or rather pushing one over the other & 
among others the Duke of Wellington, who declared 
He never was so frightened in his life, & that it was too 
bad after all to come here to be taken in by a ' ruse de 
guerre ' & that from Mrs. Ross ! 

" The Palk * marriage forestalled the Cholmondley's by 
three or four days. It was performed in St. George's 
at past 7 by Owl light, the Bridegroom having had 
an hour to pass with the Verger waiting for the rest of 
the Company who likewise were waiting for the principal 
performer, the Bishop of Gloucester, he being locked 
in the House of Lords for a division 1 What may be the 
fun of being married at such very uncannonical hours, 
excepting for Singularity, I cannot conceive." 

1 Augustus Fred., 3rd D. of Leinster ; mar. 1818, Charlotte, dau. 
of 3rd Ld. Harrington. 

1 Elizabeth Malet, eld. dau. of Sir Lawrence Palk, 2nd Bart. ; mar. 
May 15th, 1818, Sir Horace Seymour, M.P. She died 1827. 



1818] MR. MYTTON'S WEDDING 209 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BBOOK STBEET, Friday, May 22nd, 1818. 

' Watkin was yesterday assisting with many others 
at Mr. Mytton's l wedding which he says in every respect 
was the Grandest He ever has seen & was attended by 
a first-rate list of fashionables. Lords Denbigh, Ux- 
bridge, Stanhope, Cholmondley, & many others, to the 
number of about 40. The Duke of Marlborough arrived 
for the Breakfast which was given at Lady Jones' under 
the direction of Gunter who furnished it largely with 
Grapes, Strawberries, & other delicacies, in & out of 
Season. The happy pair went off to keep their noce at 
Blenheim, to which an Express was sent down the day 
before to have it all in the highest order for them. 
How happy would Homberg have been to have had such 
a * Cabane ' for his temporary Retreat. It is certainly 
flattering to the young man that so many of His Brother 
Officers & his Colonel among others should have shewn 
him such a mark of respect, & one is willing to hope that 
it looks as if there was some good seed at the bottom 
of all the Chaff which has hitherto floated about him, 
but still I should be very sorry to be much interested 
for his Bride. Mary Glynne & Harriet are now 
regular Co-attendants on Almacks, & both equally 
enjoy it. They were last night, full of Speculation 
about Lord Belgrave * & Lady Elizabeth Leveson, & 
cannot, I think, make up their opinion upon it, though 
the obvious Symptons seem very decisive as He certainly 
danced with every pretty girl in the room excepting Her, 
but still they think there is an understanding between 
them. 

" Foley * too affords them again some play, having 

1 The famous "Jack Mytton" of Halston, Shropshire; mar. 1818, 
Harriet, dau. of Sir Tyrwhitt Jones, Bart., of Staveley Hall. She 
died isis. After a notorious career as a sportsman and a spendthrift, 
and having represented Shrewsbury in Parliament in 1819-20, he died 
a prisoner for debt in the King's Bench in 1834. 

* Ld. Belgrave, afterwards 2nd Marq. of Westminster; born 1795. 
He mar. Lady Elizabeth Leveson, dau. of 1st D. of Sutherland, on 
September 16th, 1819. She died 1891, and he died 1869. 

a Probably Edward Foley, of Stoke Edith ; bora 1791 ; M.P. for 
Hereford 1826-41 ; mar. 1832, Lady Emily, dau. of 3rd D. of 
Montrose. He died s.p. 1846. She died 1900. 



210 MORE SOCIETY MARRIAGES [CHAP, xiv 

for the last three or four Balls returned to his old habits 
with Mary F., 1 but still nobody belonging to Her can 
attach to it, the smallest importance, & every now & then 
He takes just the same dose of Pratt. 

" The Queen was supposed to be better yesterday, 
but nobody expects She can last long. She is taking the 
Fox-glove which is a most severe remedy at near 
fourscore 1 " 

Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, Saturday. 

" The Leinster * marriage made for the 12 hours a 
more than usual degree of gossip from the difficulty of 
bringing before the P. R. who was again to officiate as 
Father, objects so ungracious in his eyes, as the immediate 
relatives, such as Lord Kinnard, 2 Foley, Faversham, & 
the Bridesmaid, Lady L. Molyneux. 1 The former was 
for sometime reinstated, but on the Duke of Leinster's 
brother protesting that he would not come himself if 
his Sisters & their Husbands were excluded, they were 
invited, two or three hours only before the Ceremony. 
I do think this new fashion of mixing up the frippery of 
Royal Ceremonial with a solemnity so awful & in general 
to a parent, so agitating, is of all things the most absurd, 
but it will soon become as universal a practice as the 
French Kings signing the Contract, & as an Echo of this 
new function of Royalty, our friend the Duke of Glou- 
cester is to perform the same for Miss Rowley ! 4 The 
town " has not hitherto partaken in any degree of the 
Covent Garden row, but I suppose it will spread every 
day a little wider. The reports of to-day from Chester 
seem to show good dispositions of that nature in those 

1 Lady Mary Fortescue, 4th dau. of 1st Earl ; mar. 1823, Sir James 
Hamlyn Williams. She died 1874. 

Leinster, 3rd Duke ; born 1791 ; mar. June 16th, 1818, Charlotte, 
youngest dau. of 3rd Earl of Harrington. Ld. Kinnaird had married, 
in 1806, the Duke's sister. Ld. Foley had married in the same year 
another sister. 

3 Lady Louisa Molyneux, 5th dau. of 2nd Earl of Sefton. Died un- 
mar. 1855. 

4 Elizabeth, dau. of Admiral Sir Charles Rowley, 1st Bart. ; mar. 
1818, Peter Langford Brooke of Mere Hall, Cheshire. She died 1835. 

* A reference to the excitement of a General Election, Parliament 
was dissolved on June 10th, 1818. 



1818] THE DEVON CONTEST 211 

quarters. I fear the reports from Devonshire are most 
unfavourable, tho' of course We are bound to hold out 
hopes all the more perhaps for not having them. The 
expence must I am afraid be tremendous, & I under- 
stand the final resolution is now taken to stand out. At 
Aylesbury too I hear the Cavendishes will too probably 
give way to the pig & Candle-seller which is a change 
sorely to be lamented, but we are to think ourselves 
fortunate if it does not affect the Grenvilles which is 
supposed to be quite safe, & that being the case, I do 
sadly grudge Henry's Mail jumble there & back again, 
tho' with Lord B.'s unvarying kindness to the whole 
family, I see not how it is to be avoided if He makes a 
point of it." 

The Same 

" BROOK STREET, May 29th, 1818. 

" I am sorry to say that the Devon Contest is form- 
ally announced by an Advertisement signed by 3 
Gentlemen who, ' pledge themselves to keep the Poll 
open for 15 days in support of Mr. Bastard.' 1 This is a 
most severe blow to the poor Fortescues who have 
thought themselves quite safe from such a heavy 
demand both on purse & constituents. It will, I sup- 
pose, make almost a close to the London Season from 
the numbers who will be leaving Town, but still We are 
promised great Fetes at Carlton House to welcome the 
Bride. 1 I have not yet seen any one who has had a near 
View of her, but understand we are to expect much 
beauty. He was handing about Her Picture all round 
the Directors' Box at the last Concert on Wednesday, 
& bowing to each person when they passed it on, giving 
them credit for their Approbation of his choice." 

The Same 

" BKOOK STREET, Wednesday. 

" The Royal Marriage has hitherto been very barren 
of Event, but I trust it is all to come. The P. R. who was 

1 Edmund Pollexfeu Bastard; born 1784; mar. 1824, Hon. Anne 
Rodney, dau. of 2nd Baron Rodney. He died 1832. 

* Adelaide, dau. of Duke of Saxe-Meiningen ; mar. 1818, William, D. 
of Clarence, 3rd s. of King George III, afterwards King William IV. 
She died 1849. 



212 THE DEVON CONTEST [CHAP, 

so good as to'go down to them the next day but one after 
they were married, said He found them sitting by the 
fire exactly like Darby & Joan, which was, I think, the 
best report He could make. Their sending post haste 
the next day after they went down, to beg to be excused 
from the pleasure of Mrs. Campbell's & Lady Ilchester's 
Company, I consider as a very good symptom. They 
are highly dissatisfied with the House, which I should 
wonder if they were not, & talk of getting another, & of 
offering Lord Grenville a year's rent to get rid of His. 
There is as yet no day fixed for the Drawing Room, which 
of course the Mantua makers & Milliners complain of 
loudly. The mourning for the Empress of Austria is 
to be put on, on Sunday & to be worn three weeks, ten 
days as a Sovereign & ten days as a German Cousin. 

" We are of course all anxiety about Ebrington's 
most arduous undertaking, & the misfortune is that it 
is impossible to rest any hope or comfort on the accounts 
which they transmit while it is going on, however flatter- 
ing they may be. What we know is, that all the weight 
of Government which includes the whole of the Dock 
Yard, & almost all the great Interests, are against Him. 
He professes always that he will not spend money, but 
has, I am sorry to say, pledged Himself in a hand bill 
to stand the Poll as long as any freeholder will bring 
himself to vote for Him.'? 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STBEET, July 1st, 1818. 

" Franks have been such very scarce Commodities of 
late my dearest Henry that it required more of activity 
of mind than these real dog days have left to one, to 
resist so fair an excuse for idlings. 

" The accounts from Devonshire continue most flatter- 
ing, the Polls at the 4th day stood, Ebrington, 3645. 
Bastard, 3296. & Acland,3244, but how far these numbers 
tell as to the whole there is no guessing. Cornwall l 
has, I fear, little chance for Herefordshire the Poll is to 

1 Sir George Cornwall, 2nd Bart., of Morcas Court, Hereford ; M.P. 
1774-90, 1802-7. He died 1819. 



1818] THE WESTMINSTER CONTEST 213 

last only 4 days, & begins I think, to-day. Gordon is, 
as you see beat, & has, I am afraid, spent a great deal of 
money which is said to have exasperated some of his 
Creditors, who may make themselves now very trouble- 
some. Plunkett's 1 success is matter of great triumph, 
& is as you will believe particularly welcome at White- 
hall. Of the issue of the Westminster contest, nobody 
pretends to have an opinion, excepting what is biassed 
by their wishes. Lord Amherst a told me last night that 
there are still 6,000 unpolled ! He is of course among 
the most eager of May b ' 8 s Canvassers, & speaks of 
Lady Caroline Lambe among the foremost & as usual 
the most crazy. May b ' 8 connection with the Gordon 
sets all the Clan most actively to work, but whether these 
female Canvassers, ever do any sort of good, I should, 
myself much doubt. Most true, it is I believe that the 
unprecedented Outrages towards May" have made many 
vote for him, who would otherwise not have done so, in 
order to separate themselves from the horde of Savages 
who oppose him. 

" They say Sir J. Sebright * is of this number & that 
he has actually canvassed for him. What he has gone 
thro' personally is quite beyond belief. No wretch in 
the pillory for the most abominable Crimes was ever so 
treated, & even now they will hardly suffer Sir Gilbert 
Blane's ' Carriage to draw up to the door of the Hotel 
where He is living. Poor Lady May 's house was 
attacked the night before last & she was, not without 
much reason, terrified out of Her Senses. 

" Government have on the whole certainly lost more 
than they expected tho' they reckoned on a deficit of 
25. A Mr. Harvey, who has been brought in for Col- 

1 Plunkett afterwards became Ld. Chancellor of Ireland and was 
raised to the House of Lords. 

8 William Pitt Amherst, 2nd Baron (afterwards 1st Earl) born 
1773; sometime Ambassador to China, and subsequently Gov.-Gen. 
of India ; mar. 1st, 1800, Sarah, dau. and co-h. of Andrew, Ld. Archer, 
and widow of Other Hickman, 5th E. of Plymouth. She died 1838. 
He mar. 2ndly, 1839, Mary, dau. and co-h. of 3rd D. of Dorset, and 
widow of Other Archer, 6th E. of Plymouth. He died 1857. 

3 Ld. Maryborough : William, afterwards 3rd E. of Mornington (in 
succession to his brother, Richard, Marq. of Wellesley) ; born 1763; 
mar. Katherine, dau. of Adm. Hon. John Forbes ; he died 1845. 

* Sir John Sebright, 7th Bart., M.P. for Herts ; died 1846. 

Sir Gilbert Blane, 1st Bart., M.D. He died 1834. 



214 COUNTRY-HOUSE VISITS [CHAP, xiv 

Chester is a man who has been tried for his life, & was 
addressed by the Judge in Court with the Compliment 
of being (He & His Father) the greatest rascals He had 
ever seen before Him. Captain Wells, 1 has as you see 
been put up for Huntingdonshire. It was without his 
knowledge or the smallest previous preparation which 
makes the number polled for Him a circumstance very 
flattering both to himself personally & to Lord Carys- 
fort, tho' nothing could be less desirable to Him than a 
Seat in Parliament." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" ELTON, October 1st, 1818. 

" I found here Mrs. Whitelock (ci-devant Stores) 
whom you may remember coming over to Stowe the 
other day almost just married. She had now 10 children, 
looks younger and gayer than she did then and says if 
they were not starving she should be too happy. We 
have likewise Lady Seaforth and 3 daughters all ugly 
likenesses of Lady Hood. 2 They are full of the delights 
of the young Chieftain of Braun Castle, and of Mrs. 
Stuart's * perfect devotion to conjugality and maternity. 

" I had two days ago a most kind letter as usual from 
Lady Hart, breathing nothing but prosperity, saying 
that the new Nursery was perfect for its present in- 
habitant, and that Watkin and she having dined 
together had just been up to put the Baby 5 to bed, and 
had left her in the sweetest of sleeps. She is still I 
believe flattering herself that the Queen will save her 
from the worry of Wrexm Race festivities, but I think 
she has no chance, as the old Lady seems by the bulle- 
tine to have been rather mending of late than the 

1 Captain Wells had married 1816, Lady Elizabeth Proby, dau. of 
Ld. Carysfort, and his property was Holme House, co. Huntingdon. 

8 Lady Hood, eldest dau. and co-h. of Francis Mackenzie, Ld. Seaforth ; 
mar. 1st, 1804, Sir Samuel Hood (a distinguished naval officer, and 
first cousin once removed to Admiral 1st Vise. Hood) ; he d.s.p. 1814. 
She mar. 2ndly in 1817, Rt. Hon. James Stewart. He assumed the 
additional surname of Mackenzie. He died 1843. She died 1862. 

3 Henrietta, who afterwards mar. in 1843, Sir Hugh Williams, 3rd 
Bart., of Bodelwyddan, and died 1878. 



1818] THE QUEEN'S ILLNESS 215 

reverse. It is rather supposed that Princess Sophia 1 
will call for our Sables before her Mamma, but that 
likewise has been so often said, that I shall not air mine 
till it happens. 

" Granville ! and his Spouse are in Ireland, happier 
than the happiest, living at Mr. ParnelPs beautiful house, 
from whence they are within a short drive of their own, 
which they are fitting up themselves, and all within 20 
miles of her father and mother. 

" Lady Carysfort has fitted up a remarkably pretty 
apartment for them here which I am inhabiting, and 
only wish I could pack up and carry with me to Wynn- 
stay, which alas grows only every day worse and worse 
by comparison with its neighbours. Lady Harriet 
writes me word that the new Flower Garden answers 
most perfectly, and that she is sure I shall like it. I 
hope at all events to be able to say so without too much 
violence to my veracity." 



The Same 

" WYNNSTAY, October 25th, 1818. 

" Your account of Lady Westmoreland 3 is most 
curious, and glad I am that she bestowed Herself at a 
time and place where such an unusual contribution to 
Society had its full value : Her question about the Duke 
of Northumberland * seemed so perfectly absurd that one 
knows not where to find the smallest possible clue to it, 
and least of all can I understand your attempt to eluci- 

1 Princess Sophia, the King's 5th dau., did not die until 1848. 

1 Hon. Granville Proby, 3rd son by his first wife of 1st E. of 
Carysfort ; born 1782 ; mar. 1818, Isabella, dau. of Hon. Hugh Howard. 
He sue. his brother as 3rd E. of Carysfort in 1853. He died 1868. 

3 Lady Westmorland: Jane, dau. and co-h. of B. H. Saunders, M.D., 
mar. as his second wife in 1800, John, 10th E. of Westmorland. 
She died 1857. 

* This is an allusion to Hugh, 2nd D. of Northumberland, who 
had died in 1817. He mar. 1st, 1764, Anne, dau. of John, E. of 
Bute, which marriage was dissolved by Act of Parliament in 1779, 
and three months later he mar. Frances Julia, 3rd dau. of Peter 
Burrell of Beckenham, and sister to the 1st Ld. Gwydyr. This lady's 
elder sister, Elizabeth Amelia, had married in 1766, R. H. A. Bennet 
of Babraham. Hence, possibly, Fanny's confusion of the names and 
the story. 

15 



216 THE QUEEN'S ILLNESS [CHAP, xiv 

date it by observing that if it applied to any it must be 

to Lord Pridoe (!), and that the death of Lady Elizabeth 

(by which I suppose you mean Lady Julie) alone refutes 

it, this seems to me only to make ' Ignotus Ignotior.' 

The divorced Wife (divorced Debrett tells us by Act 

of Parliament] is still alive, at least was so when the late 

Duke died, and was then receiving 1,000 per ann. which 

certainly was little enough considering who she was, 

and who she had been. He married ' Julie ' . Bennett 

in 3 months after the Divorce. Watkin asked me for 

your letter at the breakfast table, and I would not give 

it him, being sure that he would immediately have 

started the subject, and thinking that however absurd, 

it was as well not to have it put into circulation from 

his house. 

" I fancy the Bennetts may as yet still lawfully hold 
their heads up, as I hear no soup9on of a young Hotspur 
having taken his first Vault into the ' Saddle.' They 
had 7 or 8 public days, 2 in a week on their first going 
down since which the echoes of the Old Castle Walls 
have been awakened only by the gentle efforts of the 
Duke, 1 Duchess * and Lady Elizabeth. 2 Capt. Bennett 
is just dead, which though an event long expected, and 
on many accounts perhaps little to be lamented, will I 
doubt not make at first a painful void to his poor Mother. 
It must leave Lady Swinburne s and Lady Gordon great 
heiresses, but I have heard nothing of his disposal of his 
private fortune which was considerable. 

" The Queen is, or rather was, two days ago, still not 
dead, alive she can hardly I fancy have been said to 
have been for some time, but my sending to Town for 
my Paris Bonnet and another coloured Gown, has, as 
I always guessed it would, proved her ' Coup de Grace,' 
and the accounts of this morning are much worse than 
they have yet been. Princess Elizabeth 4 is said to be 

1 Duke and Duchess : Hugh, 3rd D. of Northumberland, son of 
the 2nd Duke and " Julie " Burrell, who had mar. 1817, Lady Char- 
lotte Clive, Lady Harriet Williams Wynn's sister. 

2 Lady Elizabeth Percy, the Duke's sister, who died unmar. in 1820. 

3 Lady Swinburne: Emilia, dau. of R. H. A. Bonnet and his wife 
Elizabeth Burrell, mar. 1787 Sir John Swinburne, 6th Bart. She died 
1839. 

* Princess Elizabeth, 3rd dau. of the King ; born 1770 ; mar. 1818, 
the Landgrave and Prince of Hesse-Homburg. She died 1840. 



1818] YOUNG FITZGERALD 217 

actually flattering herself with a Soupcon of ' Encrease ' 
which so long as it is not considered as Synonime to 
' multiply ' would not distress one's faith. The poor 
Robert Fitzgeralds' l have just lost their eldest, and I 
fear only promising son, under circumstances most 
aggravatingly afflictive. He was out shooting with 2 
young friends at his Aunt's Lady Charlotte Strutt's, 1 
and in coming home they shot a wild duck which fell 
into a Pond. The dog did not follow it, and young 
Fitzgerald, who was an excellent swimmer, insisted, 
in spite of the remonstration of his friends, on jumping 
in to fetch it. He got entangled as is supposed in the 
weed on first going down, sunk, and rose no more ! The 
body was not found for some time, and when taken out 
both hand and feet were found entangled in the weed, 
but there is some idea that this was done in the struggle 
to get out, and that the mischief arose from some sudden 
seizure on going into the water. One's heart quite 
aches for them when one thinks how severely they have 
been tried with respect to their family. Matilda ' was 
a little while ago waiting only till she could move from 
her couch to her sister to help nurse her niece, this 
calamity will of course make her if possible hasten her 
departure. 

" There is a report of Lord Melbourne 4 marrying 
Lady E. Monck, but I fancy it is merely the talk of the 
hour. Lord Uxbridge's 6 marriage with Miss Campbell 
is said to be settled. By the bye, as a Comment on your 
history of her wise mother, I must tell you that she on 

1 Ld. R. FitzGerald, 6th s. of 1st D. of Leinster ; mar. 1792, Sophia, 
dau. of Capt. Feilding, R.N. 

2 Lady Charlotte Strutt, his sister, wife of Col. Strutt, who died 
1845. She was elevated to the Peerage as Baroness Rayleigh in 
acknowledgment of her husband's eminent services. 

3 Matilda, dau. of Ld. Robert FitzGerald, and sister of the young 
man who was drowned. She mar. 1817, General the Chevalier Victor 
de Marian Gaja of Languedoc. 

4 Peniston, 1st Visct. Melbourne ; born 1748 ; mar. 1769, Elizabeth, 
only dau. of Sir Ralph Milbanke. She died 1818. He died 1828. 

* Ld. Uxbridge, eldest s. of 1st Marq. of Anglesey and his 1st wife, 
Caroline, dau. of 4th E. of Jersey. Ld. Uxbridge was born 1797 ; mar. 
1819, Eleanora, dau. of Col. John Campbell, and niece of the D. of 
Argyll. He sue. his father in 1854, and died in 1869, having mar. 
on the death of his 1st wife in 1828, Henrietta, dau. of Sir Charles 
Bagot. She died in 1844, and he mar. 3rdly in 1860, Ellen, dau. of 
George Burnand. 



iris THK LADIES OF LLANGOLLEN [CHAP, xiv 

her ehange of name was denominated 
whieh I think is eertainly no mis-mum r. 

t% \Vi- art- beginning to-day to tlueken for the Hirth- 
day.' The I'Wtesi-ues (1). tlu- NYilhrulmms and the 
(.'lives a iv eoming to dinner, whieh with the family etc. 
is to make up a table of -JO or '2'2. In the house on 
Monday night ai gentlemen and l.adu-s are to be 
bedded, the list will be transmitted by Harriet at the 
end of the week. 

" \Ve went the day before yesterday a very quiet 
Party of Lady l'o\\is. Lady Harriet, and myself to 
Lhuigollen, and were received as usual vvith much cor- 
diality by the old ladies, 5 though I saw evidently that 
Lady Kleanor wanted a sentiment at expostulation 
with me whieh I \\as quite determined she should not 
have. She is grown very old, and her pour thinly 
seattered grey hairs make a coiffure more than ever 
deplorable. She gave to Lady P. the copy of the 
original letter written by her Aneestor Lady Nithsdale, 
with the aeeount of her escape to her Sister Lady Lucy, 
the Abbess of a Convent at Drugcs. from whence Lady 
Eleanor got this letter, anil hopes to get more. It is 
mueh more full than the aeeount whieh was published, 
and is certainly of mueh value to Lady 1'owis who 
herself visited the C'onvent on aeeount of her Mother* 
having been brought up there. An reste they have at 
present quilt- quarrelled with Lord Dungannon, 1 and 
have stnek up something of carved oak against the 
eorner of their house whieh they call an Oratory, and 

1 Lady Ohnrlotto, d*u. of 6th D. of Argyll, an author*** of some 
not; nuur. 1st in 179ti, Col. John Cwupboll, ami ^iuily in ISIS. Kov. 
Edward Mu.y. Sh did Isr.i. 

The celebration of Sir Wrttkin's birtlulay WM an annual feto a* 
Wynnrtay, 

Th ladiat of Uangollen: Lady Eleanor Butler, 3rd dau. of the 
16th K. of Orinoiul,.. born 1789, died 1829; Mia* IV.u. 
Sarah, dau. of Chambro !?rat>nzon 1'onsonby. the died 1831. 

Barbara, dau. of Ld. Edward Herbert, who mar. 1751, Henry, Ut 
\'-.\r\ it i'owi and Baron Herbert of rh.'rlmry. They had one ton. 
Edward, born 1755, who nuc. his father in 1772 and <U.p. 1801, and 
ono dmn:.iiu-i-. I K-nrit-i ta Antouia, who mar. 1784, Edward, 2nd Ld. 
rh\i> sho baoaiue the poMeaeor of hor father's eatatea and her 
husbiuul wa created Earl of Powia in 1804. 

Arthur Hill Trevor, 3rd and last Viao. Dungannon ; born 1708; 
a s p isrc'. Ho mar. 1SLM, Sophm, 4th dim. ot l\-l. U. D'Arcy li 

Sho died 1880. 



1818] THE BIRTHDAY PARTY 219 

is more absurd than any protuberance they have yet 
put out." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" LLANVORDA, November 8lA, 1818. 

'^Harriet took upon her to be the Historian of the 
Events of the Birthday which was certainly most 
numerously and respectably attended, though, I hardly 
know why, I thought it less so than last year. The 
Nevilles and Lady Dungannon made a great vacuum, 
then we had to fill it, Lady Jones l with her 2 daughters 
all new members and Mrs. Mytton most brilliant in 
Jewels, unluckily they all went to a side-table which I 
was sorry for. 

" The Williams Girls * are much improved particularly 
in their dancing. The Boulogne Master having sent 
them home with the addition of a pair of ears quite 
sufficient for giving the proper impulse to their feet. 
Why is it that nothing but a French Artist can perform 
this, and that they never fail ? Did I tell you that the 
good natured Lady Harriet had equipped them both 
for the occasion with very pretty Tambour worked 
muslin frocks and trimmings, which I think 4 very 
pretty ' of her. She came here with Harriet to pass the 
time of their Taplow Widowhood, and when she returned 
home the first thing that met her was an express from 
Lady Powis to tell her that Lady Lucy ' had been the 
night before brought to bed of a Boy at Pershore (the 
next Stage to Worcester) in her way up to Town, but 
that she hoped all was doing well, and as the Bells were 
ringing all day yesterday for the Heir, I trust it is so. 
She must have made quick work, as she left Oakley Park 
in the morning, must of course have been well when she 
passed through Worcester where she would otherwise 
have taken her bed with the Bishop, and before 11 

1 Lady Jones: Harriet, 4th dau. of Edward Williams, of Eaton, 
Salop; mar. 1791, Thomas Tyrwhitt, who assumed the surname of 
Jones 1791. He was created a Bart. 1808, and died 1811. Mrs. 
Mytton was one of Lady Jones's daughters. 

1 The daughters of Sir John Williams of Bodelwyddan, 1st Bart. 

* Lady Lucy Clive, wife of Edward, eld. s. of 1st Ld. Powis (brother 
to Lady H. Williams Wynn). She was the dau. of 3rd D. of Mon- 
trose. Her eldest s., born November 5th, 1818, afterwards 3rd E. 
of Powis, died unmar. in 1891. 



220 DEATH OF SIR SAMUEL ROMILLY [CHAP, xiv 

o'clock next morning the express had come 60 miles to 
Lady P. with the news of the event being happily over. 
" We have all been much shocked this week by the 
horrible catastrophe of the death of Lady Romilly, 
and that of Sir Samuel l which immediately followed 
the former event under the sad circumstances of self 
destruction ! His agitation during the illness, and on the 
death of his wife had been so great that he expressed 
fear of losing his head, and his family had taken such 
strong apprehensions on the subject that they appear to 
have never left him day or night, till the fatal morning 
when he sent his nephew and daughter out of the room 
on some pretext and in 2 minutes time cut his throat 
with one of his Razors from ear to ear. He is said to 
have been a man of very warm domestic attachments 
particularly fond of his wife and children of whom he 
leaves 7, the eldest son 20 the youngest 5 or 6. The 
death of both Parents of so large a family (the one under 
such dreadful circumstances) and the extinction of so 
much both of talent and integrity, just at the time when 
they seemed to be in their zenith are certainly a most 
awful visitation. It is supposed that Brougham 2 will 
be the candidate for Westminster but his success seems 
very doubtful. Most extraordinary certainly has been 
the Sweep of talents from the House of Commons in the 
last 13 years in the successive deaths of Pitt, Fox, 
Windham, Percival, Whitbread, 3 Horner Elliot (whose 
death by the bye I had not named to you) and Romilly's. 
Your 2 Uncles will I am sure deeply regret their old 
friend and playfellow, nor could I hear unmoved of the 
death of one whom I was constantly in the habit of 
meeting with intimacy, but his fragile form gave too plain 
indication that it had little power of resistance left. 
The Queen continues to breathe, and Parliament has 
just been prorogued to the 29th December which will 
I hope leave Charles quiet at Llangedwyn. 

1 Sir S. Romilly, M.P., b. 1757; mar. Anne, dau. of Francis Garbett. 

* Brougham, Henry (created Baron Brougham and Vaux 1830) ; 
born 1778 ; mar. 1819, Mary Anne, dau. of Sir Thomas Eden, and 
widow of John Spalding, Att.-Gen. to Queen Caroline 1820. Ld. Chan. 
1830-4. He died 1868. 

3 Pitt and Fox died 1806; William Windham 1810 ; Perceval 1812 ; 
Whitbread 1815. 



1818] DEATH OF QUEEN CHARLOTTE 221 

" We heard the other day from a man of business that 
the sum of 600,000 has been through him offered by a 
Merchant for the Chirk Castle Estate, 1 and that the 
Bidding would have gone to 800,000 but it is refused. 
It however affords a pleasing reflection on our Com- 
mercial Situation. 

" It is said that the Berkeley Peerage 2 is to be brought 
into discussion again as soon as Parliament meets, and 
that two or three of the principal witnesses against the 
Colonel's claim being dead, it is thought very probable 
that he may establish it. The younger Brother has 
never taken the title, and is said to have behaved very 
amiably. There is certainly nothing to choose among 
them in point of blood, but still for the sake of ' Le 
Morale ' in general I can not but wish the eldest to be 
set aside, as I fancy there can be no doubt of his being 
the genuine offspring of the Colonel properly so called." 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, Wednesday [November 1818]. 

" I have delayed writing to you, Dearest H. from day 
to day literally from want of the dequoi, which you will 
hardly believe from a London Correspondent. . . . 

" To my utter dismay I find on arriving here, that all 
our sorrow for her late Majesty * which I had thought, 
we had quite exhausted a fortnight & more ago, are to 
be renewed here in the profoundest degree even to Crape 
& Bombazine, so that the effect of the gracious Ordon- 
nance made for the special benefit of trade, has been the 
filling all the Shops with coloured Articles for the Spring, 
not one yard of which will be sold. Prince Regent 
notifies that he means ' to wear the longest mourning 
that ever Son did for a Mother having lost one who was 
his Guide & Counsellor in all his varied distresses & 
difficulties,' & that he shall consider it as a mark of 

1 Chirk Castle, the fine Denbighshire estate of the Myddletons, now 
occupied on a long lease by Ld. Howard de Walden (1920). 

a When Frederick Fitzhardinge, 5th E. Berkeley, died in 1810, he 
was sue. by his son, Thomas, as 6th Earl, " whose inheritance of 
the Earldom was confirmed by the vote of a committee of privilege of 
the house of peers, on July 1st, 1811, annulling an alleged former 
marriage." See Debrett, 1817. 

3 Queen Charlotte died at Kew, November 17th, 1818, aged 75. 



222 MOURNING FOR QUEEN CHARLOTTE [CHAP, xiv 

respect in those who do likewise, in consequence of 
which I hardly saw a creature of any description above 
the very lowest either at Church or Play, (which have 
been my two places of reconnoitring) out of black, & 
the Guards are (of course by special order) parading up 
& down St. James' St. with long Crape Scarves round 
their shoulders, like Undertakers, black Sash-Sword 
knots & immense Cockades to their Caps. Nothing 
can be more absurd, but there is no standing out against 
the multitude, more particularly when one hears that 
an idea of party is to be mixed up with this, as with 
every-thing else. The Westminster Election has gone 
on so quietly that I drove through Covent Garden on 
Saturday without being aware of it. No doubt is enter- 
tained of Lambe's * success, one of the Squibs against 
him may amuse you all as it did me, ' My good Mr. 
Lambe, we all know your dam, but what we desire, is to 
know more of your Sire.' The fall of the Stocks is sup- 
posed to be a manoeuvre of the Bank to frighten Ministers, 
& will probably have that effect, but I know not a quoi 
bon ! Charles is more absorbed in the House of Commons 
than ever, his Lady is in high prosperity & so are all the 
young tribe, excepting Charlotte * who is still suffering 
a good deal from Headache, etc. but it is all voted 
nerves, & as such of no consequence. 

" With kindest love to H. & his play-fellows." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" LLANVORDA, December 6th, 1818. 

" I must now pass to a far different subject, that sad 
Catastrophy at Shavington of which I suppose you will 
have received the first notification from Boddryddan. 
it least as far as the event of the death of poor Lady 
Kilmorey s followed in a few days by that of her Lord. 

1 Hon. William Lamb, afterwards 2nd Vise. Melbourne ; born 1779 ; 
mar. 1805, Lady Caroline, dau. of 3rd E. of Bessborough. She died 
1828. He was Home Sec. in 1830 ; Prime Minister in 1834, which 
office he held until 1841 (excepting from December 1834 to April 1835). 
He died 1848. 

Charlotte, eld. dau. of the Rt. Hon. Charles Williams W T ynn, died 
unmar. 1869. 

8 Ld. and Lady Kilmorey: llth Vise.; born 1746; mar. 1792, 
Frances, eldest dau. of Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton, Bart. She died 
November 26th, 1818, and he died November 30th. 



1818] LORD AND LADY KILMOREY 223 

The suddeness of the first event will not shock you more 
than it did me & indeed all but her own immediate 
family, & even to them it was preceded only by 24 
hours of apprehension. They were just returned from 
Ireland & at Corwen the two sisters parted to meet no 
more ! ! Hester l went on to Penbedw & the other to 
Shavington. Both had colds but so trifling that even 
Bellyse was not sent for till the Tuesday, (the 24th ulto) 
when her cough was troublesome. On the Wednesday 
she became so much worse as not to know anybody, & 
by 4 o'clock on Thursday Morning she breathed her last ! 
Poor Hester was sent for Express on Wednesday but it 
was over before she got there. Lord Kilmorey was I 
fancy seized with a paraletic attack from the shock, 
appeared very soon to lose even the consciousness of what 
had happened, & expired on the Monday following. For 
him nothing could be so much to be wished as his release 
at 74, from a world where he had nothing left, but the 
other event was at first quite benumbing to one's faculties. 
I have not yet been able to learn to what her death 
is ascribed, there 4s a Report of its being Water on the 
heart, (the same that was fatal to her sister Penelope l ) 
but that I think would have been still more sudden, & 
besides I recollect now to have heard that she was ill 
all the summer in Ireland, but was said to be got well. 
I have heard twice from Penbedw where Lady Cotton, 8 
fortunately was, & where for the present she remains. 
As yet neither of the old Ladies appear essentially to have 
suffered, but it has of course been a most severe shake to 
both. A most severe indeed & unlocked for visitation 
is it to Lady Cotton that at her time of day, she should 
not have sunk to the grave without again repeating the 
bitter cry of ' Eheu superstites.' Her best worldly 
comfort is in the Idea that her sufferings can not be of 
long duration, but she has better & higher Sources of 
Consolation in a perfectly pious mind which will enable 

1 Hester Cotton, the unmar. dau. of Sir Robert and Lady Cotton. 
Penelope, another dau. born 1770, died 1786. 

2 Lady Cotton, Frances, dau. and co-h. of James Russell Stapleton ; 
mar. 1766, Sir R. Salusbury Cotton, 5th Bart. He died 1807. Her 
eld. s. was F.M. 1st Vise. Combermere, her daughters Lady Kilmorey 
and Lady Mainwaring and Hester. She and her sister Mrs. Williams 
lived at Penbedw. 



224 QUEEN CHARLOTTE'S WILL [CHAP, xiv 

her, I trust to turn to Good even so painful a trial as this 
must be ! Of poor Hester I have as yet heard nothing 
but the general report of pretty well, she is to come 
this week from the Abbey l to Penbedw, & then I shall 
know more about her. To her it is a most severe blow & 
deprives her of the prop to which she always looked for 
support when the fragile one at Audlem should fail. 

" When I last wrote to you I told you nothing was yet 
known of the Queen's Will. She has not left above 3, 
or 4,000 in money scarcely enough to pay her debts, 
certainly not her Funeral. Her Jewels she leaves 
equally among four daughters, much to the disappoint- 
ment of some of her younger Sons. P. R. was exemplary 
in his attentions to her to the last. As yet the order 
has not come out for shortening the Mourning, but it is 
expected that it will be docked to six weeks, which seems 
almost indecently short, but they say the great injury 
which trade has received from its having been expected 
for six months during which nothing was bought makes 
it necessary. Charles has been looking to the provision 
which will be required for her Servants, and finds that 
24,000 pr. an. is still charged on the Civil List for 
annuities to the late Queen,* (who has been dead 80 
years] & those of the Princess of Wales s who has been 
dead 48. This must give a new merit to places at Court 
as a recipe for Longevity. Poor Col. Disbrowe, Her Vice- 
Chamberlain died 2 days before the Funeral. He will be 
a great loss to his family to whom he had long fulfilled 
a double Parental duty in a most exemplary manner. 

" Mrs. Charles Cholmondley 4 is likewise dead, & 
leaves 8 Motherless Children, who though they have 
derived little, or no advantage for sometime from her, 
seem the more forlorn from being quite deprived of her. 

*' I believe I told you of Bagot Howard's 5 death, but 

1 Combermere Abbey. 

2 Queen Caroline, wife of King George II, died 1737. 

3 Augusta of Saxe-Coburg, wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. He 
died 1751. She died 1772. 

4 Mrs. Charles Cholmondeley, Caroline Smyth Owen, dau. and co-h. 
of Nicholas Smyth Owen, of Andover, Salop. 

6 Richard Bagot Howard, 5th son of Sir Walter Bagot, 5th Bart, 
(and brother to 1st Baron Bagot) ; mar. 1783, Frances, youngest 
dau. of William, Vise. Andover. He assumed the name of Howard. 
His only dau. Mary mar. Fulke Greville Upton, who assumed the 
name of Howard and d.s.p. 1846. She died 1877. 



1818] GENERAL GOSSIP 225 

I do not think we had then heard of his Will. He dies 
worth a landed property of 20,000 pr. an. & 300,000 
in money without a single sixpence of charge on it. 
The money he leaves to Trustees for the sole & separate 
use of his daughter, the landed property He likewise 
leaves all to Her & Her Husband excepting the Ashstead 
Estate of 4,000 pr. an. of which he leaves the revision 
after the joint lives of Mr. & Mrs. Howard to Dick 
Bagot l & his heirs & in failure to them, to Charles B.* 
& his. To his nephew William B. 3 he leaves only 2,000 
as his Executor, but the very first Act which Mrs. H. 
performed was to make a deed of Gift of 20,000 to Him, 
which was a most generous Way of paying her father's 
debt to Him. Not a sixpence besides has he left, I 
believe, to any of his many starving Nephews & nieces, 
tho' I have no doubt that Mrs. H. will be to them a Kind 
& liberal relation, which her Father never was, living or 
dying. 

" The young Mytton manage sets out as was expected, 
but unpromisingly. He is living with unbounded 
expence in the midst of every low Company, which leaves 
her to perfect solitude. The change to her is almost 
too great for one to hope that it can do well, more especi- 
ally as there is no prospect at present of her having a 
play thing and indeed she is said to be in very bad 
health. The new Bart. Sir John K. 4 and his lady are as 
you guessed quite full blown & in addition to all 
these honors Her Ladyship has just received that of 
being named Lady Paramount to the revived British 
Bowmen Society, whereby she will acquire the pleasure 
& privelege of settling the female costume for the same 
which will, I think, delight her to the greatest degree, 
& save any one else from the invidious task of being 

1 Richard Bagot, 3rd s. of 1st Baron Bagot, afterwards Bp. of 
Bath and Wells ; born 1782 ; died 1854. 

2 Charles Bagot, 2nd s. of 1st Baron, afterwards Sir Charles, G.C.B. ; 
born 1781 ; died 1843. 

3 William Bagot, eld. s. of 1st Baron, afterwards 2nd Baron ; born 
1773 ; died 1856. 

4 Sir John Kynaston of Hardwick, sometime M.P. for Salop. He 
preferred, unsuccessfully, a claim to the Barony of Powis in 1800, 
but was, in consideration of his descent, advanced to a Baronetcy in 
1818, with special remainder to his brother, afterwards Sir Edward. 
He mar. Mary, dau. of John Corbet of Sandown. He d.s.p. 1822. 



226 THE LADIES OF LLANGOLLEN [CHAP, xiv 

made answerable for every little Miss's genteel & tasty 
appearance. They are all extremely anxious about it, 
but have made it so numerous that I fear it will never be 
as pleasant as it used to be. 

" The Duchess 1 is to come up in February, unless, by 
the by, she may now have to come up with him to attend 
the Queen's Funeral. There is, I fear, no hope yet of 
the young Percy but I hear she is the most popular 
person in the North that can be. Lady L. Clive & the 
young Herbert continue most prosperous, nor will the 
young Heir suffer now, I trust, from having had for his 
first covering the Lining of the Imperial, which was 
the likest thing to flannel that they could get for 24 hours, 
till Lady Henrietta, arrived. She would have carried 
them there bare foot if it could have accelerated their 
arrival. 

" We had two days ago a dining party here, the grand 
features of which were the Ladies of Llangollen, 1 who, 
having arrived before 5 were actually at the Card Table 
at past one, & would have been there, I believe still 
if Mrs. Parker s had not got up & slyly slipped out to 
order their Chaise. They had played with our brilliant 
Cousin Lloyd & Mrs. Parker 2 Rubbers of 3 Games of 
Whist & Mrs. Parker passed on to Cassino, & would, I 
suppose, if they had been let alone have gone on to All 
Fours, & Beggar my Neighbour. They had set out at 
10, in the Morning & gone first to Pradoe, & would make 
it in the whole a Giro of 41 miles before they could get 
home which could not be before 4 in the Morning, yet 
with all this poor Lady Eleanor is more broke down 
than I ever saw any body. She is one heavy mass, her 
spirits quite gone, & her eyesight, I fear nearly so, which, 
I suppose much contributes to the other failure. Miss 
Ponsonby is much as usual, but quite aware of the 
change in her poor friend. They were as usual full of 
enquiries & speeches about you. If they are alive we 

1 Duchess of Northumberland. 

2 See ante, p. 218. These ladies had lived at Llangollen since 1779. 
An assiduous correspondence with many literary and fashionable friends 
kept them always au courant of the latest scandal and gossip of the 
outer world, while, their house being on the Holyhead mail road, many 
notable travellers were entertained in passing. 

3 Mrs. Parker, wife of T. N. Parker, of Sweeney. 



1818] MORE RUMOURED MARRIAGES 227 

are to have another dose of them to-morrow at Swan 
Hill which you would hardly have thought had possessed 
attraction enough to tempt them to a second expedition 
so soon." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" HAWABDEK CASTLE, December 19th, 1818. 

" Car. Lawley told me the other day a story of that 
strange Girl Har. Capell l which may amuse you. You 
may or may not know that she at last found for herself 
a husband in a Mr. Oakden, a widower of 40 and upwards 
with 3 or 4 Children. When Lord Essex * was last in 
Paris she sent to beg him to buy for her 60 yards of black 
silk, which Lord E. having got & taken a good deal of 
trouble to get over, was unfortunate enough to lose 
entirely at the Custom House. Mr. Oakden went to 
him and hearing of the misfortune expressed his extreme 
concern saying that he knew not what his poor Har. 
would do as she was determined not to cease to wear 
mourning for poor Baron Tripp. Where upon Lord 
Essex sat down & wrote her a letter expressing his regrets 
at not being able to be useful to her in the black line, 
but begged her acceptance of a most beautiful French 
dress which he had just got over, & which happened to 
be the most superb Couleur de Roses ever seen. The 
poor widow (just going to lie in) opened the box, & 
without hesitation locks up the contents ! 

" I have one or two pretty marriages for you to-day, 
but a sad pr. contra to close them with. Lady Catherine 
Osborne s marries young Heathcote, Sir Gilbert's Son, 
a very young man, but very well spoken of, & very gros 
parti of course, the Duchess is delighted which one 
must be glad of as a Cordial to all she has suffered for 
her Son. Then Miss Dashwood, 4 Lady Ely's Sister walks 
off with Sir J. Astley, which is likewise very pretty & 

1 Harriet Jane, eldest dau. of Hon. John Capel (and his wife Caroline, 
dau. of 1st E. of Uxbridge). She mar. December 26th, 1817, David 
Okeden Parry-Okeden. She died 1819. 

1 George, 5th E. of Essex, who d.s.p. 1839. 

8 Lady Cath. Osborne, mar. 1819, John Whyte Melville. 

* Miss Georgina Dashwood, 2nd dau. of Sir Henry Dashwood, 3rd 
Bart. ; mar. March 1819, Sir Jacob Astley, afterwards Ld. Hastings. 



228 COURT GOSSIP [CHAP, xiv 

convenable. The 2nd Miss Morgan expects to marry 
Lord Rodney, 1 if he does not again jib at the Post. Now 
the reverse of all this is Mr. Lacelles (Lord Harwood's 
Grandson) actually taking for his wife his French 
Mistress, & Lord Langford's Son, whom we used to see at 
the French Play, tacks himself for life to one of Lady 
Berwick's * Sisters, ci-devant Lady Worcester, as much 
senior to him in years as she is superior to the rest of the 
world in Iniquity. This is, I think so near suicide that 
it will deserve a place in the High Road. . . . 

" The Queen's Mourning has been much slighted, in 
London there has been as much white to be seen as 
black, and the Chamberlain's orders are for its being 
entirely left off (but by the Court) on the 29th, of this 
Month. This, I really think barely decent for one who 
has certainly on the whole filled her Station very 
respectably. Her private & anonymous Charities were, 
I fancy, very numerous, & are now coming to light every 
day. Her Jewels which she has left to her 4 daughters 
are said to be estimated at a Million. She has likewise 
left to her two unmarried daughters her Wardrobe which 
is supposed to be very valuable. The Duke of York, 
wants, as it is said, to give up his Appointment to the 
Duke of W. & to have the care of the. Windsor Estab- 
lishment, P. R. wants to join Sister Mary s in this change, 
but it is thought Augusta's 4 friends will stand up for 
her. Billy 5 is not returned from his travels which 
makes Gossip. Lord Harrowby * is, in the Newspapers, 
confidently spoken of for Paris, but George 7 heard 
nothing of it. Lord Buckingham is likewise in the 
Prints made 1st Lord of the Admiralty, which in some 
respects would suit us well. The Queen, among other 

1 George, 3rd Baron Rodney; born 1782; mar. February 1819, 
Charlotte, dau. of Sir Charles Morgan, Bart. He d.s.p. 1842. 

* Lady Berwick, wife of 2nd Baron Berwick, Sophia, dau. of John 
James Dubouchet ; mar. 1812. She died 1875. 

8 Princess Mary, 4th dau. of George III, had mar. 1816, her first 
cousin the Duke of Gloucester. 

4 Princess Augusta, 2nd dau. of George III ; born 1768 ; died un- 
mar. 1840. 

5 Prince William, Duke of Clarence, afterwards William IV. 

Dudley, 1st E. of Harrowby; born 1762 ; an eminent statesman ; 
mar. 1795, Susan, dau. of 1st Marq. of Stafford. He died 1847. His 
eld. dau., Susan, mar. 1817, Ld. Ebrington. 

7 George Fortescue (Ebrington's brother). 



1819] ANOTHER WYNNSTAY BALL 229 

private bounties, is said to have kept 10 or 12 Carriages 
for People who from pressure had been obliged to lay 
them down. Every day brings forth fresh instances of 
the delightful use which Mrs. Greville Howard is making 
of her immense Wealth. I told you of her first draft of 
20,000 for William Bagot, since which she has settled 
500 a year on Mrs. Phillimore, 300 a year on the Dick 
Bagots & 200 a year with a 1,000 on Elizabeth Chester. 
She, in the first moment, proposed to add l ,000 a year 
to the old Lady Suffolk's Jointure which the good old 
soul declined, but it was equally pretty in the young one. 
Lord Bagot, has I believe, at last taken on himself the 
expence of his Aunt's carriage. The Greville Howards 
are going abroad immediately. The Lytteltons are, I 
am afraid, getting more sick & less rich, they have parted 
with their new house, & have taken one, & a very second 
rate one, at Tunbridge for a twelve-month. Car Lawley 
has been passing all the Autumn & indeed the Summer 
with different branches of the Cornwall family. She 
was 3 weeks with the Herefords at Tenby & I am sorry 
to say she gives still a very uncomfortable account of 
the poor boy. 

" The Gordons are established in Stanhope Street 
where the Lewis's * are to make joint Menage with 
them, which will suit both parties equally well." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

"WYNNSTAY, January llth, 1819. 

" The subject just at this moment uppermost in our 
minds and conversation is our Ball, which having been 
going on with the greatest vigour at 5 yesterday morning 
still leaves the fiddle almost predominating over the 
Organ in our Ears. It is supposed to have been the 
most brilliant that was ever footed on these Boards, & 
certainly was a perfect Almacks in point of Beaux. All 
my concern was the scarcity of Belles, and still greater 
deficiency of Beauty. We lodged in and out and about 
no less than 39, (I think 40 including the Children who 

1 Frankland Lewis. 



280 THE WYNNSTAY PARTY [CHAP, xiv 

of course had rooms like Christians) & there was a 
genteel room to spare for Dongay who did not come. 
Our Dram. Pers. was as follows, beginning with Watkin 
and Lady & Baby, Self, Harriet Cholmondley, and Boy, 
Mary Glynne & 2 Boys, Mary Williams, 1 Lord Belgrave,* 
Wilton z & Grosvenor, 1 young Simpson & his Uncle, 
Lord Bradford, who insisted on being one at the Feet 
comme toujours, Lord Denbigh & Brother, young Hill, 
Grandson & Heir to Hawkestone with his Mother & 
Sister, (most agreable new members) 6 Boddelwyddan 
cousins, D. Pennant, young Penrhyn & his Brother, 
Oswald Leicester, Sir Andrew Barnard & his Nephew, 
son to poor Barnard who died at Stowe, the good 
hearty Warden as usual, &, 2 Cotes's Sons of Woodcote 
(one of whom par parenthese being the poorest man in 
the set, contrived to lose his pocket book, with all, I 
suppose that was left of his Xmas Quarter, out shooting), 
2 Miss Drummonds, Harriet's Neices, young Hesketh & 
Henry which I think makes up the number I gave you, 
& will require as much exertion of Talents from you to 
put to bed as could be expected from the Great Dr. 
Battie himself. I hope you will be aware what 20,000 
Prizes almost every one of those Men are, & when to 
them you add the 2 Trevors, Smith Owen etc. who 
appeared at the Ball, you will allow I am justified in 
what I said of our Beaux, our Belles were far less novel 
& striking, 3 Miss Dods at the Vicarage, Miss Lyster of 
Toft, & 2 very ugly Miss Allansons were, I think, the only 
new Articles & Emmy Brooke s & Miss Parker 4 divided 
the Apple which is not saying much. Lady Harriet was 
covered with her diamonds & her wedding gown & 
looked remarkably well. The Cunliffes are certainly 

1 Mary, 4th dau. of Sir John Williams, 1st Bart. ; mar. 1823, George 
Lucy, M.P., of Charlcote. She died 1890. 

1 Ld. Belgrave, Richard, afterwards 2nd Marq. of Westminster. 
Ld. Wilton, Thomas, 2nd Earl of Wilton, who sue. his maternal 
grandfather, 1st Earl, in 1814 by special remainder. Ld. Robert 
Grosvenor, afterwards 1st Baron Ebury. These were the three sons 
of Robert, 1st Marq. of Westminster, and his wife Eleanor, only dau. 
of Thomas, 1st Earl of Wilton. 

3 Emily, dau. of Thomas Brooke of Church Minshall, co. Chester ; 
mar. 1825, Vice-Adm. Sir Henry Shiffner. She died 1873. 

4 Mary, dau. of T. N. Parker, of Sweeney, Salop ; mar. 1832, Sir 
Baldwyn Leighton, 7th Bart. She died 1864. 



1819] THE WYNNSTAY PARTY 231 

making a most vigorous attack on cousin John Williams l 
& I have no doubt Lady C. describes him as a fine 
creature where she is not afraid of being smoked, but I 
do not think they have the least chance of succeeding, 
as we were told that he laughed himself at the report, 
adding that ' the Girl eats her Goose off the point of her 
knife,' which is an odd circumstance to come in the way 
of her preferment. The Williams family staid on with 
us yesterday, and turned out very far beyond my 
expectation. I think Sir J. a very sensible man, She * 
is very civil & by no means heavy in hand, (when she 
sits down) and the Girls tho' not genteel have certainly 
a great deal of genius & talent. The Harp playing 
of the one who is almost self taught is even to my 
ignorant Ear most striking, so indeed is their singing but 
in the direct opposite line, tho' they were in London last 
year for the express purpose of being Pupils to Knyvett 
and other such first Raters. . . . 

"Lord Bradford* was full of the delights of his daughter- 
in-law Lady Newport who, by his account, is everything 
that can be wished, & among other merits has that of 
promising an Heir very speedily which Lord Bradford 
is as proud of as if it was his own. Lord Newport is quite 
well & has never been otherwise since he provided him- 
self with a Nurse. His Sea-man Son Charles has just 
asked & obtained his father's consent to his marrying 
a Miss Chamberlayne, daughter to the Consul at Rio 
Janeiro whom he fell in love with like a true Sailor 
the moment he came into Port. The marriage has, of 
course, nothing to recommend it, but the young man's 
anxious desire for it, & to that Lord B. has at once given 

1 John, eldest s. of Sir John Williams, 1st Bart. ; born 1794 ; sue. 
his father as 2nd Bart. 1830 ; mar. 1842, Lady Sarah, dau. of 
1st Earl Amherst. He died 1859, leaving two daus. only, and was 
sue. by his brother Hugh, who in 1843 married Sir Watkin's only dau. 
Henrietta. 

2 Lady Williams, wife of Sir John, 1st Bart., Margaret, dau. and heir 
of Hugh Williams, of Tyfry, Anglesey. She died 1835. 

3 1st Earl of Bradford; born 1762; mar. 1788, Hon. Lucy, dau. 
and co-h. of George, 4th Vise. Torrington. He died 1825 and was 
sue. by his eldest son (born 1789 ; died 1865), who mar. 1st, 1818, 
Georgina, only dau. of Sir Thomas Moncrieff, 5th Bart. She died 1842. 
Ld. Bradford's 2nd son, Charles (Vice-Admiral, B.N.), born 1791, 
mar. January 2nd, 1819, Eliza, dau. of Sir Charles Chamberlain, 1st 
Bart. She died, aged 88, in 1887. He died 1860. 

16 



232 LORD BRADFORD'S NARROW ESCAPE [CHAP, xiv 

way in the handsomest manner possible. There is a 
strong report which we learnt from some of our young 
fashionables, of Temple 1 being likely to marry Lady M. 
Cambell, Lord Breadalbane's 2nd daughter, which is 
confirmed by His Lordship's having made a sudden trip 
to Edinburgh just before Xmas, but he is now at Stowe 
where not a syllable has been heard of the sort, & where 
the only remark I heard was that he was much went 
back in beauty &. not improved in manners keeping 
quite aloof with one or two toadies tho' there was a 
very good party of Landowners, Rogers the Poet, etc. 
Lord Belgrave told me that he had met & known the Girl 
abroad, that she is not handsome but very well and a 
famous dancer. The connection is respectable & the 
family well spoken of & furthermore it is a matter 
entirely of his own seeking, which altogether if it is to be, 
sounds promising. Do not you remember Mrs. Hughes 
speaking of his having been struck with her in Switzer- 
land the year before last ? Lord Bradford had the most 
narrow escape possible a month ago of being destroyed 
by an Ox at Welbeck. He had been, in the proper 
agricultural stile feeling all over, and after having per- 
formed that ceremony the next very naturally, was to 
take out a highly perfumed handkerchief from his 
pocket to wipe his hands. The moment he pulled it 
out the Animal turned upon him and struck at him, 
Lord B. tried to get up directly into the rack but slipped 
down into the Manger where the Beast pinned him down 
& kept pummelling him all over. Fortunately his cries 
brought him assistance, and by the united exertion of 
six men the Animal was removed. He was of course 
dreadfully bruised but not materially, and soon got 
well, & the Cowman readily explained the cause of the 
misfortune by saying, ' the poor Cratur never could 
boide a Stink.' 

" You will be delighted as I have been to hear of a 
letter which the new Lord Kilmorry * has written to 
Lady Cotton saying that ' seeing as he was perfectly 

1 Ld. Temple, eldest son of 2nd Marq. of Buckingham, afterwards 
2nd Duke ; born 1797; mar. 1819, Lady Mary, dau. of Marq. of 
Breadalbane. She died 1862. He died 1861. 

1 Ld. Kilmorey. See note, p. 34. 



1819] THE KING'S LOST JEWELS 233 

aware that whatever of kindness he & his family had 
received from his late Brother had been entirely owing 
to Lady K. it would be always equally his duty & inclina- 
tion to shew every respect to her family, that he should 
therefore be most anxious to wait upon her whenever 
she would allow him, & in the mean time hoped Miss 
Cotton would do him the favor to accept the 1000 still 
due on her Sister's fortune, and that she would come as 
soon as convenient to Shavington to take away every 
thing that she chose that had belonged to her Sister.' 
Nothing could, I think, be more gratifying to poor Lady 
K.'s family than such a tribute, nor could it be done in 
better taste. They say the property has come to this 
man just at the moment to save him from a Tail, but if 
he lives, there is no doubt that he will do his best to 
get thro' this as he has done by his former Windfalls. . . . 
" You may have seen in your papers that there has 
been a great search after some Jewels of the King's, 
His Garter etc., which have been missing a considerable 
time, but were expected to turn up in the general rum- 
mage which has now been making, no such thing how- 
ever appeared, & when P. R. & his Sisters met last week 
at the Queen's House, the last search was made, with no 
better success than the former. After they were gone 
Lord Arden & General Taylor, the Executors, were 
putting up many small odd articles which remained, 
& wanting a Box to put them in, one of them recollected 
an old Box in a cupboard in the window seat which 
they thought would answer this purpose. When it 
was taken out & opened the first thing which appeared 
was the lost Jewels ! ! Nobody can wonder at any cir- 
cumstance in this case, however strange, but there is, 
I think, some thing very extraordinary in the pains 
which sober people seem to take sometimes to baffle 
the Thief by playing him a trick. The other day Mrs. 
O. Gore x went up to London on business for a few days 
leaving her whole establishment at Porkington ; the 
day after she went, arrived the Tuner making his regular 
rounds & finding Mrs. Gore's Pianoforte locked he 
immediately proceeded to open it either with a crooked 
nail or with the first tea chest Key he could get when 

1 Mrs. Onnsby Gore, of Porkington. Seep. 133. 



284 SOCIAL GOSSIP [CHAP, xiv 

to his great astonishment the first thing he beheld was 
Mrs. G's whole set of jewels, which in the presence of 
Butler & Housekeeper he sealed up and delivered to their 
Care. Surely it would have been more natural as well 
as safer to have left them at once with her Silver forks 
& spoons. 

" Miss Drummond heard yesterday from her Father 
that Mr. B. Paget 1 is gone back to live with his poor 
wife, promising I suppose never to do so no more. I 
am sorry for it, as" I fear she can have no prospect of any 
permanent comfort in him, & will therefore only be 
subjecting herself to fresh pangs. She has been corre- 
sponding with me about a deaf & dumb Election in 
which I have been very glad to have been able to assist 
her wishes. 

" The Thorwaldson ! Marriage has I believe taken 
place & they are coming over immediately, Lord Carys- 
fort takes up entirely the protection of talent & Genius 
and quoting Charles the 2nd, having married Vandyke 
to a Scotch Peer's Daughter, professes that the Dane 
has done his Cousin much honor, whether he would 
have thought the same if it had been his daughter I 
take leave to doubt. A strange Story but which can- 
not now be doubted has appeared in all the Newspapers 
with the name at full length of the Marriage of Lord 
Erskine * to his Mistress, at Gretna Green where his 
Lordship went disguised in female Cloaths with a large 
Leghorn Bonnet & Veil. His Son followed but did not 
arrive till just as the Ceremony was finished, which 
legitamatizes in Scotland a whole tribe of Ci-devants. 
It is a melancholy proof of dotage. The Chancellor * 
is very ill, & Baron Richards by appointment is pro 
tempore Speaker of the House of Lords, but if the 
Chancellor dies or resigns, Leach will of course succeed 
by favor of the House." 

1 Berkeley Paget, 6th s. of 1st Earl of Uxbridge ; born 1780 ; mar. 

1804, Sophia, dau. of Hon. W. Bucknall. She died 1850. He died 1842. 

* Thorwaldsen, Bartholomew, 1769-1844, a famous Danish sculptor. 

3 Lord Erskine, 1st Baron; bora 1750; Lord Chancellor 1806; 
mar. 1st, 1770, Frances, dau. of Daniel Moore, M.P., by whom he had 
4 sons and a daughter. She died 1805. He mar. 2ndly, Sarah (or 
Mary) Buck, by whom he had one son, born 1821. He died 1823. 

4 Ld. Eldon ; born 1751. One of the most eminent lawyers of hia 
time ; Lord Chancellor 1810-27. He died 1838. 



1819] FAMILY BRIDES 285 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, Thursday, April 22nd, 1819. 
" Your welcome letter my dearest Henry has arrived 
with all the despatch that its contents deserve. 

" You will find Neville, 1 with his ' young ideas on 
love-making ' still only beginning to shoot. He takes 
the thing, as yet very quietly, makes a Morning Call on 
his Love, eats his dinner at his Father's, if He likes the 
party (as yesterday with your Uncle Tom, & Lord 
Grenville & General) & hops across at ten o'clock for the 
close of the day. This is not quite in Temple's * style, 
who has been from the 1st day to this, in regular & 
unbroken Attendance from 11, morning to 11, night 1 
" Neville says that to talk of the smallest pretentions 
to beauty in his Bride would be absurd, but that she is 
fresh & clean-looking ' Which is enough for him.' I 
fancy he has expressed so generally among his own 
Set, his unfavorable opinion on her Appearance, that 
it is much best to profess at once entirely to abandon 
that Ground, & rest on the interior. No Settlements, 
yet transpires from Authority excepting only that 
they are to have a London house & to follow the Camp 
during the Summer. The report of the Town however 
is that Lord Cornwallis settles on Lady Jane 5,000 
pr. an. after his death in default of Issue Male. This 
will come in famously to supply the place of the Lights, 
but there being only 8 years difference of age between 
the Father & Son-in-law, the prospective is not a very 
immediate one. 

" I was quite surprised to hear that Lord C. was so 
very young a man. I suppose Lady C. is nearly of the 
same age, but old Gordon s was much too careful a 

1 " Dick," afterwards 3rd Ld. Braybrooke ; born 1783 ; mar. 1819, 
Lady Jane, dau. of 2nd Marq. Cornwallis. She died 1856. He sue, 
his father 1825, and died 1858. 

2 Richard Plantagenet, E. Temple, afterwards 2nd D. of Buck- 
ingham ; born 1797 ; mar. May 13th, 1818, Lady Mary, dau. of 1st 
Marq. of Breadalbane. She died 1862. He died 1861. 

3 The famous Duchess of Gordon, Jane, dau. of Sir William Max- 
well ; mar. 1767, 4th D. of Gordon, who died 1812 without male 
issue'. Of the five daus. of the marriage Charlotte mar. 1789, the 4th 
D. of Richmond ; Susan mar. 1793, William, 5th D. of Manchester ; 
Louisa mar. 1787, George, 2nd Marq. Cornwallis; Georgians mar. 
as his 2nd wife, 6th D. of Bedford, 1803. 



236 POLITICS [CHAP, xiv 

Mother to suffer the ages of any of her daughters to get 
into those tell-tale Works of Debrett. I hear poor 
Caserden looks quite low & crest-fallen which is not to 
be wondered at. It has been quite a Trojan ten years 
seige, & the old Duchess must be proud to look down, 
(if she can) on a daughter so worthily treading in her 
Shoes. 

" There is great talk of political changes among 
Government Men, but not among their Opponents, so 
I suppose it will be only some little figuring in & out 
among themselves, & that this will not take place till 
after the Catholic Question, on the issue of which there 
seems to be so great a variety of opinion that I suppose 
it will be hard won. Many say it will be carried in the 
House of Commons & thrown out among the Peers, but 
this, I hear, Lord Liverpool says must not happen as he 
would on no account set the two Houses at variance on 
such a subject. The Chancellor is very ill, & so they say 
is P. R. but I fancy the latter is only gout tho' for the 
first time there have been lately flying reports about 
Him of a more serious nature, & I believe his family 
have spoken with uneasiness of the difficulty that there 
was when He was last at Brighton to get Him to stir out 
of the house. 

*' Charles is in high force, as happy at the termination 
of the Parliamentary holidays as ever he was at the 
beginning of his Westminster ones." 



From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, Saturday. 

" I trust that I may now congratulate you on being 
restored to the honor, or as my neighbour Clarke, I 
find, describes it ' the disgrace ' of a seat in the House 
of Commons. 1 This last is certainly to me a very new 
view of that subject to which my earliest impressions 
had always taught me to look up with reverential respect, 

1 Parliament was dissolved on the accession of the new King, on 
March 14th, 1820. 



1820] THE CATO STREET PLOT 237 

but when I come to look at you as liable to be jostled 
in these seats, & on them, by such men as Hobhouse, 1 
Hunt 2 & Cobbett,' who quit the Jails to come into the 
legislative Assembly, the character of the whole subject 
may certainly very fairly be described as Mr. C. gives 
it, tho' not perhaps exactly as He would mean it. I 
fear the Elections are going ill, by which I do not mean 
to lament the exclusion of Government Members, but 
the admission of Ultra Whigs, who certainly are objects 
of great terror to me. Nobody I believe considers the 
Cato Street plot as by any means sifted to the bottom 
& great indeed, would be my hourly Apprehension if I 
had any one very hear or dear to me standing hi any 
prominent situation in Government. That our mischief 
is closely connected with all which is going on at Paris, 
there is no doubt. Miss Grimston who came up from 
Hertfordshire since our arrival told me, that Lord 
Bridgewater 4 himself mentioned to her, his having had 
a letter from Paris dated the day before the explosion of 
the plot here, which mentioned that there ' would be 
immediately an attempt made on the lives of the 
English Ministers.' This letter Lord B. sent straight 
to Lord Sidmouth & had an answer from him saying 
that the same communication had been made to him 
thro' several other Channels. Miss Macn 8 ' likewise told 
me yesterday that she knows the Channel (indeed she 
named the man but I heeded it not) thro' which this 
information was sent to Ministers from Paris two 
months ago." 

1 Hobhouse, afterwards Sir John, 2nd Bart. ; born 1786 ; M.P. for 
Westminster 1820; previously in 1819 he was arrested by warrant 
of the Speaker and committed to Newgate (December 13th) ; he 
mar. 1828, Lady Julia, dau. of 7th Marq. of Tweeddale ; Sec. at War, 
1832 ; Sec. for Ireland, 1833 ; Ch. Com. for Woods and Forests, 1834 ; 
Pres. of Board of Control, 1835-41, and again 1846-52. Raised to the 
Peerage as Baron Broughton 1851. Died without male issue 1869, when 
the barony became extinct. 

2 Hunt, Henry (1773-1835), a politician; unsuccessfully con- 
tested Bristol 1812 ; Parliamentary Reformer ; tried for conspiracy 
at York, May 1820. In August 1819 he had been arrested and im- 
prisoned at Manchester in connection with Reform meetings. 

3 Cobbett, William, an ex-sergeant-major, and publisher of the 
Weekly Political Register. Imprisoned for libel 1810-12. He died 
1832. 

* John, 7th E. of Bridgewater ; born 1753; mar. 1783, Charlotte, dau. 
and h. of Samuel Haynes. He d.s.p. 1823. 



238 THE CROWN JEWELS [CHAP, xiv 



From Fanny W. W. to Mrs. Charles W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, April 24<A. 

"... You probably know that all London has been 
ringing with the appointment of Lord F. Cunningham's, 1 
given in defiance of a positive promise to Sir William 
Keppel. It is now asserted on all sides that he declines 
the situation, two opinions are held as to the motive, 
one is that Mr. Dennison his rich bachelor Uncle has 
signified his determination of disinheriting a nephew 
who should disgrace himself by the acceptance of an 
office acquired by his mother's shame, the other opinion 
is that Lord F. is so fast bound in silken chains by Lady 
Burghersh * that he will not leave Florence, even for 
16,000 pr. ann. One piece of news is that Lady Hert- 
ford is grown such a paragon of virtue that she says 
she always had & still has the greatest regard for the K. 
but there are things one cannot do & she cannot consent 
to visit his mistress. The day of the opening is said to 
have been put off because the new Jewels for the 
occasion could not be prepared in time, report said that 
a girdle of Diamonds was to grace His Majesty's person. 
Mamma & I went to Rundell's to ascertain this point, 
we could not see the Jewels but heard there was to be 
a magnificent Loop & Circlet of Diamonds for the Hat, 
how it is to be placed on a Cocked Hat I cannot conceive, 
unless he means to wear it on his head under the Hat. 
Nothing is yet decided about the Crown. R. says the 
Jewels are all loose in the settings many of them false, 
& the value of the whole of what is exhibited at the 
Tower & called | a Million not more than 3 or 4000 
& quite unfit for any King to wear. It seems Jewels 
were hired for the Crowns at the last Coronation. At 
R.'s we saw the Jewels of another Sovereign, two wreaths 

1 Ld. Francis Conyngham, 2nd s. of Henry, 3rd Baron and 1st 
Marq. (who mar. 1794, Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph Denison); born 
1797 ; mar. 1824, Lady Jane Paget, dau. of 1st Marq. of Anglesey. 
He survived his elder brother and sue. as 2nd Marq. in 1832. He 
died 1876. 

a Priscilla Anne, dau. of William Wellesley Pole, 4th E. of Morning- 
ton ; mar. 1811, John, Ld. Burghersh, eldest s. of John, 10th E. of 
Westmorland. He sue. his father 1841. She died 1879. 



1820] CORONATION MAD 239 

or Tiaras with a sort of half Eagle in Diamonds, these 
were just going to Hayte to adorn her Majesty's coal 
black person. The Eagle is the principal armorial 
bearing, it appears also in a sort of Locket which was 
exactly the badge of the Phoenix Fire Office, set in 
Diamonds. The whole is worth about 4000 & will 
be paid in Coffee, Sugar & Spices. Our Queen was at 
Rome on the 12th, meaning to depart immediately for 
England stopping a week at Pisaro by the way. Report 
says that there was another great quarrel between the 
King & his Ministers last week, probably caused by the 
appointment of Brougham & Denman with the recogni- 
tion thereby established." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BKOOK STREET, May 12th, 1820. 

" The Town is growing of course Coronation Mad. 
. . . The Levee yesterday was uncommonly full, and of 
very long duration. The king went through it per- 
fectly well, standing the whole time, & suffering only 
from the heat, as every body else was doing. No new 
Peers are yet announced but I suppose the Batch must 
come out soon now, that they may have time to make 
their new Robes. Lord Cholmondley 1 has, to every- 
body's surprise come forward with an act of patriotic 
disinterestedness, well worthy imitation, in giving up a 
certain quantity of plate to which he was entitled as 
Lord Steward. The claims arising from territorial 
holdings are infinite, & a very numerous Committee is 
appointed to examine them. Mr. Coke * of Norfolk 
has all the Table Linen used at the dinner. The great 
addition to the number of Peers, will give him many 
more goods than his father had, but then the exclusion 

1 George, 4th E. and 1st Marq. ; born 1749 ; mar. 1791, Georgina, 
2nd dau and co-h. with her sister Priscilla, wife of Ld. Gwydyr, and 
Peregrine, 3rd D. of Ancaster. Ld. Cholmondeley died 1827. She 
died 1838. 

1 Thomas Coke, popularly known as " Mr. Coke of Holkham " ; 
born 1754; many years M.P. for Norfolk; created E. of Leicester 
1837 ; mar. 1st, 1775, Jane, dau. of James Dutton, who died 1800 ; 
2ndly, 1822, Lady Anne Keppel, dau. of 4th E. of Albemarle. He 
died 1842. 



240 CORONATION MAD [CHAP, xiv 

of the Peeresses, will as he says, more than tell against 
that Advantage. The expence of the last Coronation 
was 700,000, & though much is said of the general 
wish to keep down the expence I doubt whether we 
might not be too glad to compound for the present 
Ceremony's not exceeding the preceeding one ; 18,000 
is appropriated for new setting the Crown. I suppose 
as it is fixed so early as the 1st Aug. most people will 
stay in town for it which will make a late campaign, in 
short all the best of the Summer will be spent in St. 
James' Street. . . . 

" No news yet of the Queen, the bets are, I think, 
now all against her coming." 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 
A Fragment 

[1820.] 

" The King professes his determination to open the 
Session himself with his Crown on his head, & to go the 
next night to the Play in State. He is comme toujours 
absorbed in the Cares of inventing the new dress for 
the Peers for the Coronation which however they say, 
after all, will not take place, faute d'Argent. He has 
invited all his Brothers & Sisters from all parts of the 
world to come & assist at it & sends a Cadeau of 2,000 
to Sister Honolulu l to make herself decent." 

The Same 

" BBOOK STREET, Monday. 

" The word procession naturally at this moment 
leads to Coronation, but whether we shall get at it this 
Summer many still doubt. The two Royal Robe Makers 
were however last week at Brighton with Drawings of 
troisiemes, for the Peers which in the determination 
these moments of total tranquilty & absence of interest 
for public concerns, happily fills up the vacuity of the 
Royal mind. These said articles together with the 
vests are to be of the richest & purist Virgin white Satin, 
& I have laid in a claim as a Cousin to attend Lord 

1 The Queen of Honolulu. 



1820] CORONATION MAD 241 

Glastonbury's x private rehearsal of the same. Lord 
Stanhope with the most commendable activity & fore- 
sight laid in his whole Accoutrements last year for 
130 & has actually been painted in the same holding 
his Coronet in his hand. The last Fortescue letters 
mention our worthy Queen being still at Rome on the 
29th of March ' living very quietly & perfectly retired.' 
The Duchess of York 2 is considered to be quite in a hope- 
less state, tho' she may hold out for a month or two. 
He professes that he shall be very sorry when it happens 
(as making a degree of change in his domestic arrange- 
ments), & that he shall certainly never think of taking 
another in her place." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BKOOK STREET, April 18th. 

" All the Ladies in London are canvassing for seats 
to see our new Sovereign open Parliament, which He 
is to do with more display than ever was yet known. 
The Crown, which of course he cannot himself put on his 
head, is to be carried before him on a Cushion, He is to 
have a Hat with such a plume of feathers as a Phoenix 
only could supply, with a diamond button & Loop as 
none but a Fairy-gifted Prince Prettyman ever sported, 
& pour comble a Diamond Girdle which would, I suppose 
encircle any German Prince's dominion. All these 
extraordinary attentions to appearance might perhaps 
appear superfluous, but are perfectly in character with 
a Giovinetto Amoroso. Lord F. Cunningham's Ap- 
pointment to be Master of the Robes has put all the 
Bed-chamber into an uproar there being no instance of 
its being given but to a Groom grown grey in the Service, 
such was Lord Selsea, & such as Lord Cardigan the last 
holder, Colonel Thomas was an exception & considered 

1 James Grenville, s. of Rt. Hon. James Grenville (brother to Rt. 
Hon. George Grenville of Wootton, the Prime Minister); born 1742 ; 
elevated to the Peerage as Baron Glastonbury of Butleigh, Somerset, 
1797; d.s.p. 1827. He was first cousin to Lady Williams Wynn. 

2 Frederica, Princess Royal of Prussia ; mar. 1791, Frederick, D. 
of York, 2nd son of King George III. She died 1820. 



242 MR. MYTTON OF HALSTON [CHAP, xiv 

infradig, but then that was when the whole was under 
a cloud. Our gracious Queen l was at Rome on the 
29th of March, living very retired & talking of moving, 
but not stirring, probably waiting to be courted. 
Thistlewood's z trial began yesterday & with it came 
out an injunction from the Chief Justice that no part of 
it should be printed until the whole was over, which 
however much it may mortify the general curiosity 
certainly appears a reasonable & wise measure. 

" The Duchess of York was again in extreme danger 
two days ago, but has, I suppose, again parried it for 
the present. 

*' I am not sure whether you heard before you went 
away that poor Mrs. Mytton is going off in a galloping 
Consumption, exactly as her Sister did, one only wishes 
that her poor Infant may go with her. The wretched 
Lady Jones is at Halston & wrote word to Lady P.* 
that the witnessing so immediate & so exact a repetition 
of the sad scene which she had just gone thro' was almost 
more than she could struggle against, most heavy & sad 
indeed has been the sad reverse to that poor woman 
who this time three years ago was supposed one of the 
proudest Mothers in London. The Town has within 
the last three or four days begun to fill, but the genteel 
Chimney-pieces remain wholly ungarnished to the great 
dispair of the Misses." 

Henry was growing increasingly anxious for employ- 
ment. The accession of the Prince Regent to the 
Throne made but little difference in ministerial circles, 
where he had practically held the reins for so long. He 
was not, however, popular, and the Queen's trial gave 
an opportunity to the opposers and critics of the Govern- 

1 Caroline, dau. of the D. of Brunswick ; mar. 1795, George, 
Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV. She died 1821. 

1 See p. 199. 

8 Lady Puleston, wife of Sir Richard Puleston of Emral, created 
a Bart. 1813. (Sir Richard was the s. of Anne, dau. of Thomas Puleston 
of Emral, who mar. Richard Parry- Price of Bryn-y-pys. He inherited 
from his maternal grandfather, and assumed the surname of Puleston 
in 1812. He had two wives, the 1st Ellen, dau. of William Boats ; 
the 2nd, Emma, dau. of John Corbet, Esq., of Sundorne, Shropshire. 
This lady is probably the second wife.) 



1820] POLITICS 243 

ment to air their grievances, and to agitate for a change 
in the powers which for so many years had directed 
the affairs of State. 

Lord Liverpool and Mr. Canning, recognising the weak 
position of the Government in the country, began to 
seek a rapprochement with the adherents of the old 
Grenville clique, Lord Grenville himself having entirely 
withdrawn from public life. 



From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" May 16th, 1820. 

" I have not yet heard anything my dear Henry, of 
the success of your Application to Lord Castlereagh & 
I am afraid that our vote of last night against the 
Government on the Appointment of the 5th Baron of 
the Exchequer in Scotland will not be very likely to 
assist it. Never was so bad a figure made by any set of 
Ministers & the general opinion of their weakness is such 
that if there were any persons who were fit to take their 
places, they would not remain in Office twelve hours. 
The most marked feature of the night was that while 
Peel 1 & Vesey-Fitzgerald z stayed away William Peel, 
Mr. Dawson, & Bagwell who is Master General in Ireland 
voted with the Opposition. If they do not immediately 
dismiss him they cannot expect to bring any body down 
to their future divisions. Brougham, on Friday made 
a declaration without any call for it & without any 
communication with the rest of his party, that it was 
impossible for any one party in Parliament at present to 
form an Administration equal to the exigency of affairs. 
This has produced a good deal of sensation & of course 
since the division, is more talked of & considered. Weak 
as the present Administration is, there is still so little 
difference of strength between the strong & weakest 
parts of it that they are afraid to make any change 
lest the whole should tumble about their ears. Philli- 
more, Watkin & I were the only ones of our set who 

1 Sir Robert Peel. s Ht. Hon. James Vesey Fitzgerald. 



244 LORD BUCKINGHAM AND DUKEDOM [CHAP, xiv 

voted. Fremantle, Lewis, Knox & Temple & some 
others went away. 

" Lord Buckingham has just arrived in Town to ask 
the King for his Dukedom but he still suffers under so 
much gout that I do not know when he will be capable 
of taking his Audience.' 

" Lady Harriet is still going about & in good looks. 
What her younger brother 1 means I cannot conceive. 
He first voted with the Government & then to-day 
stopped me in the street to tell me how glad he was that 
Ministers had been so well drest for that it was a scan- 
dalous dirty job & that such a division would do a great 
deal of good. Meantime the cause of the Catholics is 
every day gaining ground by the report of the King's 
being friendly to it. I fully expect that, if some un- 
expected difficulty does not occur the measure will at 
least pass the House of Commons this year. The rival 
Marchionesses 2 were, last week entertained with dinners 
at Carlton House, on Friday the fair Satira supported by 
Gloucesters & Warwicks, etc. & on Saturday the fallen 
Roxana with the Clarences, old P. etc. etc. v 

" Brougham is certainly I believe, to go to meet the 
Queen as soon as she comes within reach but I feel 
myself as much persuaded as one can, about any move- 
ments of so extraordinary a personage, that she has no 
real intention of coming over or she would not have 
delayed setting off so long or have travelled so leisurely. 
Remember me to Hester & believe me, 

" Evere most affectionately yours, 

" C. W. W. W." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, May 25th, 1820. 

"I begin to think it very long, my dearest Hester 
since I had heard of you, from you my last letter bears 
date the 1st May, which begins to be hard upon a month. 
Watkin has himself been the herald of all the happiness : 
which Monday last (the 22nd) produced to him in Lady 

1 Robert Clive. a Marchionesses of Conyngham and Hertford. 

Birth of Watkin, afterwards 6th Bart. 



1820] CORONATION ARRANGEMENTS 245 

Harriet's safe accouchment, & in his acquisition of his 
much desired Son & Heir. 

" ' My Sister ' Po. 1 is quite beside herself with joy, 
& so is the poor Duchess 2 to a degree which makes me 
almost melancholy, from the strong apprehension I feel 
that she will never know herself the happiness, which 
she so much rejoices in her Sister's having acquired. 

" In tl>e meantime there seems no prospect of an End 
to the Session of Parliament which has not yet begun 
any of the regular business. Nothing of course, is talked 
of but Coronation, yet I do not think it has hitherto 
brought any great influx to London, many houses, & 
Charles' at the head of them remaining still with Bills 
in them. ... It is now given out that the Peeresses 
are to walk & every part of the Ceremonial is to be gone 
through, Mr. Brougham, as one of the Wardens of the 
Cinque Ports holds the Canope over the King's head. 
Lord Anglesea is to be appointed High Steward, & the 
Duke of Wellington High Constable for the day, the 
former says He is the only man in England who can back 
his horse down Westminster Hall. I am afraid you must 
have heard the Sobriquet for Frankland Lewis * who 
is called ' Louis le Desivant,' but perhaps not that of 
the eldest Miss Fitz, 4 who is distinguished from her 
Aunt Sophia of Windsor, & Her Cousin of Gloucester by 
being called ' Princess Sophia of Jordan.' . . ." 



The Same 

" BROOK STREET, June 2nd, 1820. 

" I am beginning this letter, my dearest Hester, 
provisionally knowing that it may not set forth for a 
day or two on its long Journey. 

" This has been a week very rich in events, some of 
which will probably have been conveyed to you by 
other Pens, but I must begin with one which under Seal 

1 Lady Powis, mother to Lady Harriet Williams Wynn. 

* Duchess of Northumberland, sister to Lady Harriet. 

3 Rt. Hon. Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis (created Bart. 1846) ; 
born 1780 ; mar. 1st, 1805, Harriet, 4th dau. of Sir George Cornwall of 
Morcas ; 2nd, Mary Anne, dau. of John Ashton. He was M.P. for 
Beaumaris 1812-26. Had several appointments. Continued in Parlia- 
ment up to his death, 1855. * Miss Fitz Clarence. 



CATHERINE FORTfiSCTFS ENGAGEMENT 




of Catherine Forteseue ' to 
who has known her most 

is the sworn friend ft oldest 
by whom he has always 

Estate of 9000 pr. ann. ft a 
15 miles of Castle-hill, betwen 
He is mntithft younger than Watkin, 
14 Tears therefore older than herself, has bee 



son just going to be of age, 

daughter of 24* who has always been Catherine's 
sworn friend ft Toadee. Furthermore he is next 
brother to laid Pdrtsmoath, who tho* married for some 
years has no child, & if he should be taken with a fit of 
the Agrippa, she becomes a Countess with 97,000 pr. 
ann. But as ft is, it is enough to turn the heads of the 
whole family with joy, ft really I only wonder they have 
stood ft as well as they have done, there never having 
certainly been a serious Soupcon of anything of the sort 
tiD within 36 hours of the proposal. It was wished to 
an delayed the general Annouce tiU Lord F.'s answer 
arrived, merely as a matter of respect, but Giles over- 
heard some words on the subject between two of the 
^Itnytf^ females at Al***^^* ft from b*"v as you may 
believe ft soon got into Circulation. What may have 
been the good man's inducement to a step, which to me 
ft to most (but certainly not to all) appears so extra* 
ordinary, one should naturally be at a loss to find out, 
were we not assured that he is over kfad <t eon m lore 
hninting on her sitting immediately for a full length 
picture to the first Artist in London, professing his 
astonishment that she should have remained single so 
long to be a blessing reserved for him ! If this should be 
your first intimation of this Event you will not think 

Catharine.. 2nd dan. of 2nd K FuHiann ; mar. bis 2nd wife 
24*fc. 1820, Mr. FtoOovM, 2nd t. of John Wallop. Irt E. of 

of FeDoM on 



In 1714 he had 

aneceednif to the eatntaa of *" maternal ancle. Henry Arthur 
He eypteeded h* brother ac 4th Bar!, 1861. and died in 
abo died in 1864. 



MHJ TOE QCEEJTS AJIRJTAL 

I hare dwelt upon it too long. The next is Lori 
Bail >!>* aeqntMtaon of the Garter which to U 
rcrjr great rarprne wa* sent to bin OB Ifcmdrj of the 
last week by BlaomfieJd iiliililj frr>m the King. 
Hothing certainly could be ate flattering than such * 
mark of fervor, wholly unniirtrd OB ins part. Some 
of the Opposition Craaken affect to y tint it v 01 K 
of the honor which he so nmeh desired, but tins be eer- 
taJnly has, famHeif, not fhr mulii! nman to *^fj>fc r 
It K vndcntood that none of that sort wnl be co^emd 
in the life-time of the present Gbamberiain, from the 
determination that hi* Son should never receive any 
benefit or favour whatever from his ci-devant neat 
friend. 

" Of other Pcew at ;yet one bean nothing, tho' I snv 
poie there must be a foteh bdoie Coronation, if Corona- 
tion there be this year, which in the last 2 or a days 
has become rery doobtfoL My next Event is the arrival 
of Her Majesty which is hourly expected A wiO probably 
hare taken place before this letter reaches you, it being 
understood that she was to deep at Canterbury last 
night. I dined yestcxday in Pan Mafl, where just whue 
the Gros Cousin 1 was talking big of fats reasons for 
ifident that she would not come, in walked the 
hot from the H. of C. where 

.* had in the midst of the Debate got up * giving 
that * ui cuit Business of the most important 



to attfnd thf House ' moved an adjournment. Lord 
Hutch:* had been sent with Brougham to negotiate 
with her at St. Omen* but the terms wmeh he offered 
were rejected with scorn. He wrote both to Load 
Liverpool A to Lord MdviDe,* to the first for Lodgings 
it to the second for a frigate, neither of wmeh were 
assigned, so She came over in the common Packet, & wiD, 

MB*. 

17M; M.P. 17*5; CkM. of 
MT. IMC, da. <rf Ld. 




at Alexandria 1101 5 
Jo*. Hly- 
UBL 



248 THE QUEEN ARRIVES [CHAP, xi 

I suppose, drive to the house of Alderman Wood, who 
went down to meet her. This house is in South Audley 
Street which is nearer to Brook Street than I quite like. 
They say Westminster Bridge has been crowded ever 
since yesterday Evening & I should not wonder if we 
were made to light up for this notable Event. Lord 
A. Hamilton 1 went down to Dover to receive her & Lady 
Elizabeth Forbes * notifies her Appointment to Her 
Household, for places in which, Brougham professes 
that he has had applications from Nobility & Gentry 
of the highest degree. Her Italian Attendants left her at 
Dijon, & she brings over only a little Girl whom she calls 
* le Fille de Mons : le Baron.' They say her new Prime 
Minister is to be created Baron Brougham, to supply as 
far as may be the place of Bergami. It is however no 
joking matter, as I fear it is likely to produce great 
confusion. . . . Adieu dearest, I have hardly left room 
for the one most Comprehensive & fervent wish, may 
God Almighty ever bless you both." 



From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BABMOTJTH, August 31st, 1820. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I see that the Queen's Bill J 
still proceeds at the pace of a lame snail, I cannot myself 
anticipate the slightest probability of its passing. The 
case in favour of the present Bill will probably occupy the 
greater part of September. There is to be a two months 
delay to prepare the Queen's defence & collect her 
witnesses, after that is finished comes a pause for the 
consideration of evidence, the debate upon it, etc., so 
that it cannot reach the House of Commons till the 
middle of January. Now really if the House were dis- 
posed to expedite it, instead of being universally in- 
clined to avoid the question by all possible means, I do 

1 Ld. Archibald Hamilton, born 1769, 2nd s. of 9th D. of Hamilton; 
sometime M.P. ; brother to Lady Anne Hamilton (p. 177). He died 
unmar. 1827. 

* Probably the youngest dau. of George, 5th E. of Granard, who died 
unmarried 1843. 

8 Bill of Pains and Penalties. The trial commenced on the second 
reading of the Bill on August 17th; Parliament adjourned on 
August 21st. 



1820] THE QUEEN'S BILL 249 

not know how they can get through it with all the 
ordinary business of the Session & all the arrears of the 
last, pressing upon them, at the same time although 
I am daily more & more confirmed in my original opinion 
that evil, pure & unmixed evil to an extent which no 
man can calculate must at all events be the consequence. 
If as I anticipate the business is dropped or knocked on 
the head, it will give a most dangerous triumph to the 
Radicals as well as degrading the dignity of the country, 
by leaving as Queen a woman against whom such charges 
have been substantiated, on the other, if it is allowed 
to proceed, the difficulties will encrease at every step 
& a precedent is established which entirely subverts the 
ordinary forms of the Constitution & reverses the func- 
tions of the two Houses of Parliament. I am sorry to 
hear an indifferent account of Lord Grenville's health 
& doubts whether he will be able to sit through the 
business, I regret this the more as it is supposed that in 
the present state of the peers his authority & influence 
gives him the power of turning the scale on every ques- 
tion. I hear that he hesitated extremely on Lord 
Grey's l motion & even during the debate of the morning 
was inclined to support it. I heartily wish he had done 
so. Lord B. writes me word that as the present Bill 
cannot possibly be terminated during the lives of any 
of the present Peers it is to be hoped that the Bell 
Schools, 8 will fit the rising generation to discuss it more 
calmly & temperately. He says that ' John Bull ' 
already seems to feel some difficulty in reconciling a 
Lady & her Courier, bathing, sleeping, & piddling, 
together with perfect propriety, though assured by the 
news -papers that it is only ' foreign custom & means 
nothing in the South.' 

" God bless you give my love to every body." 

1 Charles, 2nd E. Grey ; born 1764 ; mar. 1794, Mary, dau. of 1st 
Ld. Ponsonby. She died 1861. He was M.P. for Northumberland 
1786; First Ld. of the Admiralty 1806, in the Grenville Ministry of 
All the Talents ; and on Mr. Fox's death became Secretary for Foreign 
Affairs (1807). He retired when Ld. Grenville resigned office and 
remained in opposition until 1830, when he became Prime Minister 
until 1834. He died 1845. 

* Andrew Bell (1752-1832) undertook the management of Poor 
Law Schools in London in 1807. He wrote Experiment in Education 
made at the Male Asylum of Madras ,in 1797. 



250 THE QUEEN'S TRIAL [CHAP, xiv 

From Mrs. Cholmondeley to Henry W. W. W. 

" VALE ROYAL, October 2nd, 1820. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I am truly glad that I am neither 
a Peer nor a Member of the H. of C. as I certainly should 
be very much puzzled how to vote upon the clause of 
the divorce, upon principle of recrimination depriving 
any other man from that relief, & yet a degraded Queen 
is not a fit wife for our Sovereign, as for the present 
proceedings it really appears to me that the evidence 
adduced in her defence is nearly as injurious to her 
character as that brought forward in her accusation, for 
nothing can be more lamentable than poor Lady Char- 
lotte Lindsay's * efforts to retain her veracity & at the 
same time make the best of a bad case. I hear that 
Lord & Lady Lauderdale * & their daughters are to be 
examined & that the defence will last a fortnight, exclu- 
sive of the peers debate, but what will be the result who 
can guess ! Lord R. Savage * who was here the other 
day, said that he should certainly vote against the 
divorce, & therefore as he is quite an Ultra Loyalist, I 
suppose we shall have all the Sainta against the Bill, 
He told me that Lord Gwydyr 4 died immensely in debt 
but still I should think the Perth fortune enough to have 
kept Mr. Burrell B out of Paris if he chose it, but the 
truth is he likes no place so well & finds it full of 
amusement." 

1 3rd dau. of 2nd E. of Guildford (the celebrated statesman Ld. 
North), who mar. 1800, Lt.-Col. Hon. John Lindsay, 7th s. of 5th E. 
of Balcarres. She died 1849. 

8 James, 3rd Earl ; born 1759 ; created an English Baron 1806 ; mar. 
1782, Eleanor, only dau. and h. of Anthony Todd. She died 1856. 
He died 1839. 

3 George, Ld. Rocksavage, eld. s. of 1st Marq. of Cholmondeley ; 
born 1792 ; sue. his mother (the dau. of the last D. of Ancestor) 
as Hered. Great Chamberlain ; mar. 1st, 1812, Caroline, dau. of 
General Sir Colin Campbell. She died 1815. He mar. 2ndly, 1830, 
Lady Susan, dau. of 6th D. of Bedford. He d.s.p. 1870. 

* Sir Peter Burrell, 1st Baron Gwydyr; born 1754; mar. 1779, 
Lady Priscilla Bertie, dau. and co-h. of 3rd and last D. of Ancaster. 
She died 1828. He died 1820. 

8 Peter, eldest a. of 1st Baron Gwydyr, sue. his mother as Baron 
Willoughby D'Eresby on her death in 1828. He sue. to his father's 
barony in 1820. He was born 1782 ; mar. in 1807, Clementina, dau. 
and sole h. of 1st Ld. Perth, and assumed the additional surname 
of Drummond, He died 1865. 



1820] THE QUEEN'S TRIAL 251 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" October 3rd. 

' The last report is that Ministers expect that if the 
Bill is carried in the House of Lords it will get thro' the 
Commons, but on what this idea is founded I know not. 
In the mean time the Crowds of Address Bearers encrease 
hourly & are now as my Brother Tom l says, from what 
he saw yesterday, very respectable, decent looking 
people, & all this bustle as She says for ' Half a Crown ! ' 
He [the King] is, I fancy, frightened out of his wits & 
never shews His face. 

" Adieu dearest I have fifty things to do & therefore 
must gossip no longer. 

" God bless you." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" ELTON, October 9th, 1820. 

" Charles will, if all this horrid business goes on, be 
very short of Holidays, as he must, I believe, be in the 
House on 17th November but really, from the turn 
which the evidence brought forward by the Queen, can- 
not fail of giving to the whole Complexion of the business, 
I begin almost to think that it will fall to the ground in 
the first instance, which if it could do, & leave no further 
ill consequences behind, one should be too glad of. I 
cannot tell you how much I am surprised at the evidence 
of Lord Glenbervie & Guilford & Lady Charlotte Lindsay 
particularly of the latter who upon Oath says she has 
never seen anything improper in the Queen's conduct 
either particularly with Bergami or generally with others. 
This is certainly very different from what one has heard 
reported in what appeared the most direct & explicit 
manner as the opinion both of her & her Brother, but 
after all it must be said that they should appear Wit- 
nesses of a good deal more credibility than the Dimonts 
& Majorchia. Altogether it is to me now a far more 
inexplicable business than ever, & I am dying to hear 
what my Brother Tom, whom we expect to dinner to-day, 
will say of it. Nothing can alter my general opinion of 
1 Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville. 



252 THE FIRE AT WOOTTON [CHAP, xiv 

the person in question, but from the particular Charges 
now adduced against her it really seems as if she would 
disculpate herself. Lady Glenbervie's l volunteering 
her services to attend her at Naples just when things 
were said to be au plus mal, is certainly a very striking 
circumstance in her favour. I sadly fear the triumph 
which her acquital, if it does take place, will give to 
the Radicals & lowest popular party, & the encrease of 
oblique" which it will throw upon the Plaintiff. Alto- 
gether it has been & is &, I fear, will be a most sad 
business." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" VALE ROYAL, November 5th. 

" The principal event of this week is one which you 
will not hear without concern from knowing how much 
it will have given to me. It is the destruction of poor 
old Wotton 8 which was burnt to the ground on Monday 
last, thank God without loss of any lives. The poor 
Infant was in the greatest danger & saved only by the 
exertions of Lord Temple's Servant. We have had no 
particulars since the first account which was written 
first by Lord Buckingham soon after the Express arrived 
& afterwards by my Brother Tom. The fire broke out 
at past 2 in the room next to the Nursery & at half past 
5 when the Express was sent off, nothing was left but the 
walls. It is not known that anything was saved but 
Lady T.'s Jewels. She & the poor Baby * went off 
immediately to Stowe, & Lord Temple meant to come 
up to his father the moment he could quit the spot. 
You will easily believe what a pang it has given to me to 
think that all which was associated with my earliest & 
tenderest recollections should be wiped off from the face 
of the earth, tho' at the same time I feel well aware that 

1 Lady Glenbervie, Catherine, eldest dau. of Ld. North (afterwards 
2nd E. of Guilford) ; mar. 1789, Ld. Glenbervie. She had died in 
1817. Lady Charlotte Lindsay was her younger sister. 

8 Wootton, the old home of the Grenvilles ; Ld. and Lady Temple, 
eldest s. of Ld. Buckingham. When his father was raised to the 
Dukedom, Ld. Temple became Marq. of Chandos. 

* Lady Anna, who mar. in 1846 William Gore-Langton. She 
died 1879, 



1820] THE QUEEN'S TRIAL 253 

the probability was perhaps very much against my 
having ever seen it again, but still I often reverted to 
it my Mind's Eye, which now sees only a frightful mass 
of ruins. Its amiable Owner however, with that reveren- 
tial attachment which he has always so strongly felt, 
looked at nothing in the first moment that he heard of 
the destruction but restoring it, & actually sent off 
Soane's foreman for that purpose the same evening. We 
are all wonder at hearing from all sides of the peril of the 
poor Baby without one word being said of its Nurse, who 
one should think must have been by its side, but she has 
never been mentioned. The Queen's business seems at 
length to be drawing to a conclusion, but the uncertainty 
of the Bill passing to a 2nd reading is as great as ever, 
& you do not hear two opinions alike. At all events if 
that be carried, it is thought quite certain that it will 
then either be abandoned, or lost & that there is not a 
chance of its ever reaching the Commons. Prince 
Leopold's * Visit made of course a great sensation, and 
will, I think, cool the extreme enthusiasm of some of his 
Admirers. The Queen it is said was at first to refuse 
to see him, but Brougham insisting upon it she said 
4 you have been my Physician Mr. B. & whatever Pill 
you give me, I will try to swallow, but this is a most 
bitter one.' And so it is certainly if ever he entertained 
a doubt of her Misdemeanors." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

"V. B., Saturday. 

" I cannot tell you my dear Charles how much I am 
hurt at the account in the Courrier to-day of the insult 
& ill-will shown to Lord Buckingham ! at Aylesbury. 
I would have given many a Guinea that it should not 
have happened, and that not from my deep feeling of 
the outrage, (tho' to that from a place so near our own 
home, I am certainly not insensible,) but much more 
from being aware how much of it he will attribute to the 

1 Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, who had mar. 1816, Princess 
Charlotte (she died 1817). He eventually became King of the Bel- 
gians and died 1865. 

* 2nd Marquess, Lady Williams Wynn's nephew. His father had 
died in 1813. 



254 THE FIRE AT WOOTTON [CHAP, xiv 

line of Conduct and Politics so unfortunately pursued 
by his Brother. 1 That it is connected with it, one can- 
not but see, tho' at the same time I must honestly own 
that from what I have heard I do believe Lord B.'s per- 
sonal popularity in Aylesbury has for some time been, 
not gradually, but rapidly decreasing. From what- 
ever cause, the result will give him great pain, and par- 
ticularly at this moment when he had expressed himself 
so much gratified by the interest and affection mani- 
fested towards him in his late misfortune not only by 
his immediate neighbours but as he expresses himself 
by the whole County. 

" The poor people at Wotton after having worked 
like horses as long as there was any thing to be done sat 
themselves down in front of the poor old walls and cried. 
Pray tell Mary, for her satisfaction that it was the Nurse 
and not the Valet who saved the child. She did not get 
her out of the room till she saw the line of black smoke 
running along the beam, and in ten minutes after the 
ceiling fell in. The fire having broken out at the top of 
the house could not force its way thro' the Copper Roof, 
and beat down on the Wooden Stair-cases which were at 
each end and in the middle of the house." 



From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" V. R., November 22nd. 

" What think you of the Queen's pilgrimage to St. 
Pauls ! It really quite sickens me to see (what my im- 
pression of her cannot but consider as) a profanation of 
both the place & Service, yet have I more than once 
to-day checked myself for passing such an uncharitable 
Judgement, & more than doubted whether what I knew 
of her could justify it, but I feel sure that had I been 
passing by just as she went into the Church it would have 
given me a pang. I gave to Harriet & Mr. Cholmondley 
your message respecting their future Title, if any such 
should come in question which is certainly not among 

1 George, 2nd s. of 1st Marq. of Buckingham; sue. his mother (Mary, 
dau. and h. of Earl Nugent) to the Barony of Nugent on her death, 
1812. He mar. Ann Lucy, dau. of Hon. Vere Paulett, in 1813, He 
d.s.p. 1850. 



1820] NEW PEERS 255 

the least doubtful. They are both of them very fully 
aware of the superior merit of Delamere of V. R. to any 
other, but know not how to set about finding out 
whether there is any available objection to their asking it. 
I know Forrester's answer on being told that Mr. L. 1 
intended, founded on prior possession, to advance a 
Claim on the title of Wenlock, said ' I have ensured the 
having my Patent made out for Wenlock & let him get 
it altered if he can.' To enquire whether there is a 
barony of Delamere belonging to Lord Stamford would 
be useful, as we all know the answer, but they want to 
know whether you would recommend any body to them, 
from whom they could learn whether the existance of 
that Barony is a bar to their asking for another of the 
same name designating it to be of V. R. I thought 
perhaps you could ask the question of Mary's friend 

Sir Naylor or if not that you could tell them 

where they might apply for the information, & that 
speedily as, tho' on the one hand the thing may not come 
in question for some time if at all, so on the other, it 
might be brought forward immediately on the Meeting." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" VAT.K ROYAI>, December Qth, 1820. 

" I may as well give you your Uncle's answer to your 
message about Pontier. In the first place he desires 
me to tell you how sensible he is to your kind recollections 
of him and his hobby-horse. He says ' he thinks P. 
very likely to have some curious books, and if he could 
see a list with their dates of printing, price and condi- 
tion, he should probably be tempted to make several 
purchases. Manuscripts of Classicks can not well be 
bought without examining them, nor do I deal in them. 
If he has any of old History or Chivalry which are 
sometimes accompanied with curious drawings and 
illuminations they are desirable enough ; I should 
suppose He may have some curious old Italian Poets or 
novellists, but of Italian Topography I am no purchaser.' 
The only printed book which he names is Epictetus on 
1 Mr. Lawley. 



256 UNCLE TOM'S HOBBY-HORSE [CHAP, xiv 

Vellum with its ' pendance ' on paper at 40 frs. Of this 
he gives no date, but if it is 'perfect, and can be had for 
a Guinea and half I would take my chance with it. If 
F. could get me a list of what P. thinks curious, with 
date, price, and condition, I might very likely find 
something desirable but I doubt her stay in the neigh- 
bourhood will not be sufficient to admit of such 
negotiations.' 

" Mary Williams Wynn l was giving us the other day 
a most curious history of the termination of all the 
debates about General Crewe's * children. You re- 
remember that Miss Lloyd (Angharad's ' sister) had in 
her great love and gratitude to the whole family and to 
relieve Lord Crewe 4 and Mrs. Cunliffe 6 from their immedi- 
ate embarrassment, while it was all undecided consented 
to stay in the house to look after ' the dear children.* 
The negotiations, to all of which she was made party by 
Lord Crewe, went on with the General, and all the time 
they were so doing Miss Lloyd was carrying on an under- 
plot by means of an agent employed by the General, and 
the out turn was that one fine day Lord Crewe receives 
a letter from her beginning with ' My Lord ' announcing 
that she had, at the desire of the General, accepted 
c upon a certain salary ' the entire charge and care of his 
children, and was his Lordship's humble servant. Here 
she is therefore settled in a house with these 4 children 
(or 3 I rather believe) with an allowance of 1,500 a year 

1 Mary, 2nd dau. of Charles Williams Wynn ; mar. 1832, James Milnes 
Gaskell, M.P. She died 1869. 

2 General Crewe, only s. of John, 1st Baron Crewe ; born 1772 ; 
mar. 1807, Henrietta, dau. of John Hungerford Keats, Esq. She died 
January 14th, 1820. He sue. his father as 2nd Baron in 1829, and 
died 1835. 

3 Miss Angharad Llwyd (or Lloyd), a distinguished Welsh scholar and 
antiquarian. Her History of Anglesey, written when she was very 
young, gained her a prize at the Eisteddfod. She edited the third 
edition of the History of the Gwydyr Family, published in 1827. She 
lived, during the later years of her life, at Rhyl, and died at a great 
age. Her father, the Rev. John Lloyd, Hector of Nannech 1774-8, 
and of Caerwys 1778-94, was a friend of Thomas Pennant, the Welsh 
topographical writer. 

4 John, 1st Baron Crewe; born 1742; M.P. for Stafford 1765-8 
and for Cheshire 1768-1806, when he was raised to the Peerage ; mar. 
1766, Frances, dau. of Fulke Greville, Esq. She died 1818. He died 
1829. 

6 Mrs. Cunliffe, Emma, only dau. of 1st Baron Crewe ; mar. 1809, 
Foster, eld. s. of Sir Foster Cunljffe, He d.s.p. in rita patris 1832. 



1820] WASHINGTON IRVING 257 

for herself, and 200 more for a Governess, to do with 
them, and by them exactly as ton lui semble, and per- 
fectly independent of all her family. She has put the 
Boy without the smallest communication with Lord 
Crewe or any of them, under the care of a Tutor at Hamp- 
stead, whom Mrs. Cunliffe says she hears is a good sort 
of Man, but the circumstance of Miss Lloyd's being 
become a violent Calvinist not to say Methodist, does 
not seem particularly to fit her for the education of 
children placed as these are likely to be. To be sure poor 
Lord Crewe has been singularly unfortunate on the sub- 
ject of looking to those who are to come after him, and 
has had little inducement for many many years to fall 
into the dangerous temptation of adding field to field 
and ' calling the Lands after his own Name.' " 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" LLANOEDWIN, December 31(, 1820. 

" I am going next week to make Henry enclose to 
Mr. Vaughan the Quarterly Review and a packet of 
Literary Gazettes which I think can not from Paris 
cost a great deal for carriage and may amuse you. I 
wish I could send 2 vols of a Work called the Sketch 
Book just published under a feigned name, by an 
American of the name of Washington Irvine. Charles 
says he has no hesitation in pronouncing them to be the 
best Essays which have appeared since the Spectator. 
I have not myself met with them, but everybody speaks 
of them in the same terms. The man came over to 
Liverpool with the intention, I believe of settling in 
trade, but the extraordinary and wholly unexpected 
success of this book has determined him to go to London, 
and establish himself regularly as an Author. He had 
published before a sort of Ironical history of New York 
which has now come forward, but I should think must 
be far inferior to the other, though it certainly has in it 
a good deal of Wit. I wish the Abbot was better for 
your sake, Chalmer's has been publishing a history of 
Mary from Scotch Documents which confirm the sort of 
character given of her by Walter Scott, 



258 POLITICAL GOSSIP [CHAP, xiv 

" Have the Grims l sent you word of Wm. Bagot's 
intended Marriage with the great heiress Miss Swinner- 
ton ? There is however a soupcon that the old Gentle- 
man is out of humor with it and will not give anything, 
but I suppose it w r ill all come in time. You will have 
heard from Hart, of all the Combermere festivities 
for the Duke, 8 but perhaps not of Lord Grosvenor's * 
pitiable folly in refusing the use of the Assembly room 
at the Hotel for the purpose of giving a Ball to the 
Conqueror of Bonaparte because as a Peer of the Realm 
he expressed his opinion of the guilt of the Queen. 
Surely in this there can be no two opinions. The Meeting 
of Parliament is drawing near, and nobody seems to have 
a guess what is to be done. Peele is no longer talked 
of to succeed Canning. 4 Huskisson 6 is named and is sup- 
posed may get it faute de mieux. All the enthusiasts 
for Prince Leopold have turned right about, and he is 
now supposed to be at best a vain fool. Charles says 
the Speaker could not have returned to the House, as no 
such existed from the moment that the Message to 
prorogue it had been pronounced. The scene was sup- 
posed to be the most disgraceful that ever passed since 
our Civil Wars." 

1 Grimstons, Hon. Harriet and Charlotte. See p. 76. 
1 D. of Wellington. 

3 Robert, 2nd E. Grosvenor ; created 1st Marq. of Westminster 
1831 ; bom 1767 ; mar. 1794, Eleanor, only dau. of Thomas, 1st E. of 
Wilton. She died 1846. He died 1845. 

4 Mr. Canning resigned the Board of Control at the end of Decem- 
ber 1820, and Mr. C. B. Bathurst took his place. His resignation was 
a mark of his disagreement with the Ministers and their policy, with 
reference to the Queen's trial. Peel had declined the office. 

William Huskisson, born 1770; M.P. 1795-1829. Killed at the 
opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, September 15th, 
1830. He held several Government appointments. 




Sir Thomas Lawrence 
SIB WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, 5TH BABT. 



258] 



CHAPTER XV 
18211823 

FOR many years Lady Williams Wynn had suffered great 
anxiety and concern on account of her daughter, 
Charlotte, Mrs. Shipley, whose domestic affairs did not 
run smoothly and whose health was sadly indifferent. 
Financial embarrassments made it impossible for Colonel 
Shipley to return to England. Late in 1820, or early in 
1821, he died, and it then became possible for Mrs. 
Shipley to leave Majorca and to come home. Fanny 
had been spending the winter with her, and the return 
journey began in January 1821. The sisters travelled 
to Florence and the South of France, and in April Henry 
joined them, in order to escort them across France. They 
reached England in June, to Lady Williams Wynn's 
great joy. 

The three years we are now dealing with proved of con- 
siderable importance to the family. Lord Liverpool's and 
Canning's rapprochement towards the Grenville Party 
was not lost upon the junior members of the parentt, 
who at once laid claim to such appointments as they 
considered they might suitably fill. 

The Queen's trial and subsequent death only three 
weeks after her rebuff at the Coronation augmented 
the feeling in the country against the Government. 
In 1822 changes began to take place in the Cabinet. 
Robert Peel went to the Home Office in succession to 
Lord Sidmouth ; while Charles Williams Wynn secured, 

259 



260 THE GRENVILLE INFLUENCE [CHAP, xv 

after some inevitable scheming, the post of President of 
the Board of Control. 

It remained for the Grenville influence to find a diplo- 
matic position for Henry. Sir Watkin stood outside 
the political whirligig : his interest in politics was luke- 
warm ; he accepted the family views and gave his adher- 
ence loyally to the Party, but he neither expected, nor 
accepted, anything from it. 

In December 1821 Henry was given the British 
Mission to Berne. After some correspondence as to 
the value of the appointment, as against that of 
Copenhagen, he was moved to Stuttgart, in July 1823, 
with the promise of Copenhagen as soon as it fell 
vacant. 

The tide of political influence had now placed both 
Lady Williams Wynn's younger sons in " safe " posi- 
tions, where they were left, undisturbed, Charles only 
until 1827, and Henry until 1853 positions they filled 
conscientiously, fully recognising their obligation and 
responsibility to the nation. Place-seekers they may 
have been, but rather because they felt themselves equal 
to the appointments they desired to hold, than because 
they were seeking steps towards personal aggrandise- 
ment. Both Charles and Henry were professional men, 
proud of the professions they had chosen, and prepared 
to spend their lives in the faithful fulfilment of their 
professional duties. Politically Charles was no trimmer ; 
once having taken up a line of action, he did not deviate 
from it. Take, for example, his attitude on the Catholic 
Emancipation Bill. It was a measure, the equity and 
justice of which, there is no doubt. Charles gave it his 
unswerving support, though time after time it was 
rejected in both Houses, and wrecked more than one 
administration. Had the policy of the Grenvilles with 
regard to this Bill been accepted at the time of the 
Union, much misunderstanding, misrepresentation, and 
bitterness might have been saved the Irish question. 



1821] THE TOWNLEYS 261 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" ASTELL, February 3rd, 1821. 

I grudge indulging myself in commenting on your 
excellent letters, because I feel that any new trash how- 
ever trifling, is to you of more value, but I must tell you 
that I read your account of the extraordinary circular 
Morn : bow, with much effect yesterday at Astle, I was 
however unlucky in having received it a few hours too 
late to have taken the chance of comments upon it 
from a very wise man, Mr. Townley, nephew and Heir 
to the statute holder and one of those universal Dic- 
tionary sort of men in whose heads there is always to be 
found a page on every subject that is started. He and 
his wife and daughter passed 2 days with us, and were 
to me very agreeable, the only fault found with him 
being his talking too much which suits very well with my 
best part of listener. They are Catholics and like all 
others of that description, particularly in Lancashire 
are immensely rich. They have a very very ancient 
Chateau of Townley in which there are all sorts of odd 
hiding places and treasures within Walls of 6 ft. deep, 
and a window of Henry 3rd which is by no means in the 
oldest part of the building, but with 24,000 per annum 
he will hardly do anything to it, and the improvements 
advance pretty much at the same rate as the new build- 
ing at Eaton of which Lord Belgrave said the other day 
that as yet it was not going on rapidly, his father having 
only a cart load of stones in preparation for it brought 
once a week. I was sorry to hear from the Townleys 
that your poor friend and Beau Parker of Brusum is 
ruined beyond all ruin that was ever known, and quite 
beyond possibility of redemption. Mrs. Townley told 
us that it was her firm belief that the Lord of Burn 
had been married to Lady Hunloke ' these 2 years but 
I think her wish aided her faith on that subject, as of 
course, the Popes are all most anxious for the match, 
and she is quite one of the strictest and severest. Her 

1 Lady Hunloke, Anne, sister and eventual co-h. of Charles Scaris- 
brick, co. Lane. ; mar. 1807, Sir Thomas Hunloke, 3rd Bart., who 
died 1816. She was born 1788, took the name of Scarisbrick in lieu 
of Hunloke in 1860, and died at the age of 83 in 1872. This marriage 
did not take place. The Hunlokes were an old Catholic family. 



262 POLITICS AND GOSSIP [CHAP, xv 

mother (who was Mrs. Robert Drummond ') certainly 
was supposed by Medical Men to have occasioned the 
death of. 4. or 5 of her daughters by the severe fasts to 
which she kept them, and which they regularly inter- 
posed to remonstrate against. At Astle we had the John 
Drummonds, He grown quite into a Pere de famille with 
4 children, the eldest might have been at the head of 
5, being but 3 yrs and old when his 4th brother was 
born. She does not seem very wise, but gentle and good 
humoured, and he as much in love with her as if they 
were in their Treacle Moon. 

" We came here yesterday and find nobody whatever 
in the house but a set of the plainest children I ever 
beheld. The son and heir seems a sharp shrewd lad 
with however a cleverness, which at present tells much 
against him, as it consist principally of practical jokes 
on Papa's toadie the old Sooper Scroop. Lady Main- 
waring is as blooming and gay as ever, nursing her 10th 
child with as much pride and pleasure as if it was her 
first, but Sir Harry looks to me frightfully ill and broken 
down. Lord Combermere has just got poor Gwynne's 
Regt. or rather, one vacated by that being given away. 
This little windfall is worth from 11 to 1200 per ann : 
to him, and I suppose he is now looking sharp towards 
Jamaica in consequence of the Lord of Manchester's * 
having fractured his skull, though not mortally. 

" Charles' reports of Politics are every day more and 
more desponding and your Uncle Tom stays on at 
Dropmore unable, as he says to encounter the melancholy, 
thrown over all Society hi London. The Division on the 
first Motion brought forward by opposition has turned 
out so much larger on the side of the Government than 
the most sanguine could have expected, that Ministry 
are of course for the present quite on velvet. It surprised 
me to the greatest degree, as I should have thought 
many would have found it difficult to vote against declar- 
ing the * Measure of the Liturgy to have been ill-advised 

1 Hon. Mrs. Robert Drummond, Winifred, dau. of William Thompson 
(banker) ; mar. 1753, Robert, 2nd s. of 4th Vise. Strathallan. She had 
five sons and one only daughter, Charlotte, who mar. 1794, Peregrine 
Townley of Townley. 

* William, 5th D. of Manchester ; born 1771 ; mar. 1793, Lady Susan, 
dau. of the D. of Gordon. He died 1843. 



1821] POLITICS AND GOSSIP 263 

and inexpedient ' (which was the Question tried by Lord 
Archibald Hamilton) who would have had no difficulty 
in opposing the undoing it, but this having been carried 
so triumphantly, will I should think prevent their 
attempting to bring forward the other. In the List of 
the Minority appear the names of Sir Lowry Cole and 
Heneage Legge and no less than 6 Smiths. I think 
the Honourable Robert must have given qualifications 
to some of his Sisters. Charles says the opposition are 
split to pieces among themselves, being so connected 
with the Radicals that they cannot separate from them, 
and yet can not follow them. Watkin seems to have no 
thoughts of going up to London. He is coming to V. R. 
this week for the purpose of attending to a 2nd Tar- 
porley Meeting just set up, as an experiment whether by 
doubling a dose of dullness, the force of it may be 
diminished. At all event it will produce a redouble- 
ment of drinking, which seems to be the one object of 
all Cheshire reunions. At Astle the men never came 
into the Drawing Room till after \ past 10 or near 11, 
and that without there being one single drinking man 
there but J. Drummond who seems specially fond of it." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

"WYNNSTAY, February 18th, 1821. 

" With your poor friends, the Llangollen Ladies I fear 
the world is going very ill. Poor Lady Eleanor l gets 
of course more and more blind, but what is very singular, 
she has taken up a jealousy about it which makes her 
reluctant to go out from an unwillingness that people 
shall see that she is blind, and she is constantly asking 
whether people would know by looking at her, which of 
course is always answered in the negative, but a more 
reasonable source of anxiety to her, poor soul and to her 
inestimable friend, arises out of a temporary suspension 
of the payment of her annuity of 400 a year, owing to 
the death of her Nephew Lord Ormond. He however 
secured to her this annuity by his Will, but his brother, 
who has succeeded to his immense property has actually 
returned his wretched blind Aunt's Drafts, saying ' that 

1 Lady Eleanor Butler. 
18 



264 THE KING TO VISIT IRELAND [CHAP. XV 

till the affairs were settled, which might be some months, 
none of the Legacies could be paid.' 

" This seems almost incredible, but such is their 
account, communicated of course under the strictest 
injunctions of secrecy, to all their friends. I am really 
sorry for them to my heart, and after having heard them 
say last year that the 43rd Winter which they had passed 
in Wales had slipped away as lightly as any, it grieves 
one to think that the 44th should be so doubted. The 
Wingfields are very kind and attentive to them and are I 
think now what they most depend upon." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" LLANFORDA, March 4th, 1821. 

" We have not heard one word from Charles yet on the 
subject of the Catholic question at which they had at 
one time expected a much larger majority, but it was 
apprehended at last that some of the Ultra Whigs (not 
to say Radicals) would stay away from personal pique 
to Plunkett. H.M. at the last Levee notified regularly 
his intention of visiting Ireland this Summer which I 
thought was in itself a bonne augure for the Catholics. 
He is to go round by sea from Brighton and will probably 
take Plymouth in his way. I do not think he can do a 
better thing, nor one which is more likely to make him 
popular. I wonder how long it is since a Sovereign has 
visited Ireland. In peace I should think never. 

" I believe I told you in my last that he talks of having 
the Coronation on the Anniversary of Waterloo which 
would I think be very well for it in every respect. We 
hear nothing yet of the new Peers, nor can we succeed, 
though I am always doing my best, to get Vale-Royal 
changed for either Davenham (which I think very good) 
or Eddisbury which is certainly better than the other. 
Harriet sends me a list of Matches more like the end of the 
London Campaign than the opening of it, but I suppose 
she has passed them all on to you from Horton. Among 
others the pretty saucy Miss Rous l who has refused half 
the Town throws her handkerchief at last to Mr. Isted. 

1 Hon. Louisa Rous, Ld. Stadbroke's youngest and only unmarried 
dau., did not marry until 1824, Spencer Horsey de Horsey, M.P. She 
died 1843. 



" I am persuaded that some new lights have broken 
in on the present Generation upon the Merit of these 
negative accomplishments which we of the last have been 
utterly blind to. Miss Seymour l and Lord A. Hill is I 
fancy certainly to take place. It begun at Brighton and 
has been vigorously followed on since at Mr. Smith's 
where Mr. and Mrs. Hayman met them. I do not think 
H.M. will give his present de n6ce with much satisfaction 
to his dear adopted. 

" The Duke of Manchester * is not expect to recover, 
but I should think that Lord Combermere * is now too 
well off to wish to go abroad again, especially in Lady 
Combermere's 4 very bad state of health. How awful it 
is to see how he was struck by calamity just when he had 
attained the highest point of his wishes in worldly pros- 
perity ! I have not yet heard what became of the W. I. 
property, but if the poor young man had not made a 
Will, which is most likely to have been the case, it goes 
to Wm. Cotton. 5 

" I am rejoiced to hear that the ' Sketch Book ' 
pleases you so much, you will be surprised to hear that I 
have never read it, but I fell in with it only during 
my last short visit at Wynnstay, when both Watkin 
and Lady Harriet had it in hand, so now I shall have it 
to read in London which will suit me exactly. The last 
number of the Literary Gazette gave us several extracts 
of Miss Baillie's new Metr. : Legends from which I cer- 
tainly should not augur well of the tout, but it is a cruel 
thing to pick out in that manner either the beauties or 
defects of a composition. I shall be impatient to hear 
your opinion of Kenilworth, in general people have 
seemed to me to place it quite among the very first of 
his performances, which however is not I own my 
estimation of it, though there is certainly much to admire, 
but the interest does not rise like Mr. Baylis's play in the 

1 Miss Seymour, Frances Maria, dau. of Isabella, Marchioness of 
Hertford, mar. 1822, the Marquis de Chevigne and died the following 
year. 

* The D. of Manchester recovered. 

1 Ld. Combermere was appointed Commander- in-Chief in India 1822. 

* Lady Combermere, 2nd wife of 1st Vise. : Caroline, dau. of William 
Fulke Greville. She mar. 1814 and died 1837. 

6 William Cotton, 3rd brother of Ld. Combermere ; in Holy Orders ; 
d.s.p. 1853. 



266 COURT AND SOCIAL GOSSIP [CHAP, xv 

last Act. His next production which is almost ready 
to come out is to be Fotheringay which must I suppose 
be quite in the same stile. I wish that he would not build 
his fictions on Historic foundations, it makes a sad 
confusion in Age-worn memories." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" LLANVORDA, March 11 th, 1821. 

" Lord Conyngham l figures in the News Paper as 
having sent an order for all his plate from the Treasury 
at Dublin Castle to be carried to Slane Castle where 
the grandest preparations are making for the reception 
of H.M. I cannot help feeling a little sorry for our poor 
Queen Bess,* though I could not bear the degree of 
Rank which the Fitzclarence's had taken, on her birth. 
As to her dear Aunt Caroline she is sinking apace into 
that entire state of Insignificance which I verily believe, 
is to her more mortifying than even disgrace would be. 
The News paper announce the appointment of Mr. Wm. 
Madocks to be her Vice -Chamberlain which is certainly 
making one step towards having a brilliant Court. She 
has written to Lord Liverpool saying that ' she accepts 
with gratitude the provision offered to her by Parliament 
and only expresses her wish for the reinsertion of her 
name in the Liturgy on account of the disadvantage 
which the withholding it may be to her in foreign Courts 
in case of her choosing to reside abroad.' That she will 
choose so to do I should have no doubt, but that I cannot 
understand why, with that idea, she should have given 
15,000 for Cambridge House. The Duke of North- 
umberland puts forth in the Newspapers of last 
night a letter to his Bailiffs directing them, on account 
of the present pressure on the Agricultural interests 
to return 20 pr. ct. on every payment made to him by his 
Northumberland tenantry at the next pay day. This 
is a very handsome and proper thing, and looks as if he 

1 Ld. Conyngham, 1st Marq. ; born 1766; mar. 1794, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Joseph Denison. She died 1886. He died 1832. 

* Elizabeth Georgina Adelaide, dau. of D. of Clarence (afterwards 
William IV) and Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (afterwards 
Queen Adelaide) ; born December 10th, 1820; died March 21st, 1821. 



1821] NEAPOLITAN BANDITTI 267 

would, like his predecessor, do great things well, and 
little ones perhaps ill. 

" Lady Carysfoot writes me word that the Spencers 
have just given up Wimbledon entirely to the Lytteltons 
which I am very glad of on both their accounts. It is 
I think very probable that the time which they all spent 
together at Althorp this Summer during their deep 
afflication and subsequent overflow of happiness may have 
brought them all together and softened and warmed 
their feelings towards each other. 

" I don't know whether you may remember having 
heard at Paris (by the bye it happened since) of Mr. 
Griffiths of Gam's son having been seized by the Banditti 
on the road between Rome and Naples and having been 
carried up to the Mountains. He had lately been 
released (after 6 weeks imprisonment during which the 
Stilletto was repeatedly held to his throat) on the pay- 
ment of a very large Ransom, accompanied by a threat 
from Government that if he was not set at liberty they 
would destroy the small town of Fondi where these mis- 
creants have deposited all their riches, this menace was 
probably extorted from Government by the interference 
of the English Minister, but otherwise they never venture 
to take any notice of them. Not long ago a Body of 
them poured down upon a very large School and carried 
off every boy to their fortresses, and whence they send 
a demand of an immense ransom from the Parents, and 
upon smaller sums having been offered they cut off the 
heads of two of the boys and sent them down in a basket, 
with a Note saying that 2 more would be sent every day 
till the ransom was paid. When the Austrians were last 
in the Neapolitan territory they routed them, and it is 
hoped that their next visit may at least be productive 
of that benefit again to the inhabitants, but the timidity 
of Government has encreased them both in numbers and 
daring to a most formidable degree, and I believe the 
English are now quite afraid of moving. 

" If you have been reading Kenil worth you will per- 
haps be interested to hear that the house at Cumnor 
Place did belong to Lord Abingdon, and has been pulled 
down, being quite a ruin, just before Sir Walter Scott 
gave it celebrity. The Inn exists, and is going to have 



268 KENILWORTH [CHAP, xv 

a Black Bear for its sign, by the subscription of the 
neighbouring Gentry. Anthony Foster's tomb is in the 
Church with a long inscription. The Catholics are 
quite on top too. I know not whether I am glad of it 
or sorry as I never could make up my mind on that 
question, but trusted to my brother William l whose 
love for Mother Church I consider fully equal to my own, 
and his means and powers of judging of the political 
wisdom of the measure a good deal superior. 

" It will all tend to add to the effect of the King's 
landing in Ireland. Indeed I do think he may now toast 
himself as the Pilot who has weathered the most fearful 
storm I ever remember. They say he is to give 6 balls 
before he goes, so that altogether there seems as if there 
would be plenty to do in the great world when once they 
begin. 

" Adieu my dearest dear daughters, may the Almighty 
ever continue to you His Holy protection. With that 
we must not, need not, fear any evil ! 

" Charles writes word that Tierney 8 has regularly 
resigned the Leadership of the Opposition, and no new 
one can be found to replace him. By Brougham they 
will not be led. How extraordinary the luck of the 
Ministers has been over and over again. I am sure that 
is in my opinion a strong argument for continuing them." 

Henry's patience was getting exhausted, and Lord 
Buckingham, always very friendly disposed towards 
him, took up the negotiations with the Foreign Office 
in his behalf. 

From the Marquess of Buckingham to Henry W. W. W. 

" LONDON, February 21th, 1821. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I had done nothing in the 
matter which forms the subject of your letter & my wishes, 
because I thought the tenure of the whole firm so insecure 
that I did not think it unlikely we might have to renew 
our unfinished negotiations with a new Chief. I now 
however, think the bond will keep above water, just 
strong enough to swim, with the tide, but neither against 

1 Ld. Grenville. 

George Tierney, born 1761 ; entered H. of C. 1789. He held 
office under Ld. Grenville 1806, and Mr. Canning 1826. He died 1830. 



1821] NEGOTIATIONS WITH FOREIGN OFFICE 269 

it or across it. I have therefore written to Lord Liver- 
pool urging your claims & suggesting Turin in the first 
place & Switzerland in the next. I will transmit his 
answer, & you may depend upon my urging the matter 
with all the earnestness which my affection for you 
dictates, & the anxiety which my own wishes feel. 

" General curiosity is excited about the Catholic 
Question. 1 The expectation is that it will be carried 
in the H. of Commons. The King's anxiety to go to 
Ireland immediately, & certain expressions lately dropped 
by Lord Liverpool induce many to believe that the 
Ministers are not disinclined to wish the question 
carried. I conclude the affairs of Naples J will soon be 
settled, & the Carbonars taught their real value & a 
good lesson to all revolution-mongers there & elsewhere. 

" Yours ever affectionately, 
" C. B." 

The Same 

" LONDON, February 21th, 1821. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, Not two hours after I sent my 
letter to Lord Liverpool I received an answer. It is 
general, but upon the whole, I think, a favorable one, 
& I am told that the singular haste in sending the answer 
augurs well. It must either augur well, or mean, as a 
man does who returns a visit an hour after the visit has 
been made, to get rid of the visit & writer. But the 
wise ones tell me it is a favourable symptom. I think 
it may be so, at all events the boat is launched, & now 
we must keep Lord Liverpool to the Collar. 

" I leave town this day but shall be here again in a 
week. Write here & of course I need not say you may 
command my best exertions." 

The Same 

" AVINGTON, March 9th, 1821. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, When I left Town I desired 
Charles to lose no time or opportunity in pressing Lord 

i On February 28th Mr. Plunkett brought forward a motion for 
the Roman Catholic Emancipation. Canning spoke eloquently in 
its favour and a majority was obtained. But the Bill was rejected by 
the Lords on the second reading. 

1 A revolutionary movement for the restoration of Ferdinand of 
Naples. 



270 THE QUEEN [CHAP, xv 

Castlereagh, whom he saw every day in the House of 
Commons, to make good Lord Liverpool's letter. 
Whether he has done so or not I know not, but you 
ought to press him upon this, & keep him up to it. I 
have written to him to-day about it. When I go to 
London I will see Lord Liverpool upon it & if you think 
it of any use, or if any thing happens to make me think 
it might, I will write again to him. 

44 The Duke of Wellington has just left me, extremely 
pleased with his reception in this country. In fact 
nothing could be more enthusiastic notwithstanding 
that the Queen's friends made a push to mob him, in 
which they very partially succeeded. Above 200 
Gentlemen met him at dinner. 

44 As to Naples, all I wish is that the matter was 
settled somehow or another. Many people are very 
sanguine in the belief that the Catholic question will 
be carried, & its enemies do not seem very confident in 
their resistance." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK ftnunr, April 3rd, 1821. 

44 The report of the Town is that the Queen is deter- 
mined on having a Drawing-room preparatory to which, 
however, she must have some female Household, & as 
yet none have professed a desire for the honour. To 
Lady Charlotte Berry ' she looked with confident li 
that from poverty or other circumstances, she mi^ht 
be less fastidious, but even she, I hear, is cruel. 'I 
it is said that if this fails she will make it a plea for 
leaving a Country where she docs not meet with honor 
due : but the truth is that she & all her dirt is entirely 
swept aside & the Idea of her very large Income, & two 
Houses has removed everything like a shadow of interest 
for her even among the lowest of hrr former followers. 

14 It was reported a few days ago that Lor. I I 
wa going to console himself for the loss of Entrlc to the 

1 See note, p. 218. * See p. 100 and note. 



^, 









272 CHILDREN'S BALL AT HAWARDEN [CHAP, xv 

among the most conspicuous features. They were the 
tallest girls of their age I ever saw, raw & unformed 
looking, (Particularly in this premature age) but one 
if not two of them promising to be pretty. Mrs. Han- 
bury Tracy's Squad likewise made some good turn-outs 
but in general there appeared to me little beauty except- 
ing in the absolute Infants of whom there were a dozen, 
I believe, from 5 to 7 or 8. In dancing there was not 
one, I really believe, to compare with our own Char- 
lotte, 1 & both she & Mary 1 looked remarkably well, 
but the extreme disparity in height & age of the per- 
formers hurt the effect of the Quadrille very much. We 
had the High-Leigh Son & Heir who is I believe near 18, 
then we had two Miss Dundas's (daughters of Lady 
Melville) whom Mary 8 does not even visit, but sent to 
' as Neighbours ' & these were both as tall as Mary 
herself. Miss Hughes, looking as old as her Mama, tho' 
called only 15 & evidently appearing to be quizzing the 
whole thing. Good Mrs. Leigh not content with watch- 
ing over her own brood of 6 but hovering & waiting on 
every body-elses. Lady K. Stewart with 2, quite babies, 
but one of them perfectly beautiful, the other poor thing, 
lame for life, owing to a strong Goulard Poultice applied 
by Walker (the famous Apothecary of St. James' St.) 
to a broken Chilblain, which brought on Paralysis in 
the Ancle & lower part of the leg & there she is as 
fine & healthy & active a Child as you can see unable 
to move but with a Crutch ! 

" Mr. & Mrs. Egn. 1 with 3 boys looking, I fear too 
wishfully & sorrowfully at the pretty little girls, besides 
these, were a squad of Frankes, Strettons, Bullers, & 
others whom I neither knew or cared about. Miss 
Crewe dressed out by Mrs. C. in Gauze, blond, & white 
Lillies, but withal of so unpleasing an aspect that Dr. 
Somerville (one of the Fell fools) went up to Mary & 
asked her who was that young Lady who ' looked as if 
she had had & would have a Will of her own as long as she 
lived.' It was near 11 before they sat down to supper, 
& Hugh 4 was so tired that I should have come away the 

1 Charles's two daughters. Mary became Mrs. Milnes Gaskell. 
1 Hon. Lady Glynne, 2nd dau. of Ld. Braybrooke. See p. 11. 
3 Egerton. 
* Hugh Cholmondeley, eld. a. of 1st Ld. Delamere, b, 1811. 



1821] LADY LIVERPOOL'S DEATH 273 

moment it was over if my Carriage had arrived. We 
were however off by past, but Cross tells me the house 
was not cleared till one." 



From Charles W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" WHITEHALL, Wednesday. 
[Probable date about June 12 th, 1821.] 

" MY DEAR HENRY, Lady Liverpool's l death has at 
last taken place, so for a few days to come conjecture 
will be active in proportion as nothing will be known. 
I believe almost everything at present to be loose & 
uncertain & that the extent of change is quite un- 
determined. Ministers allow that their weakness in the 
House of Commons is such as no longer to allow them 
even to totter on as they have hitherto done & many of 
those who have been their primest supporters, have 
notified that, that support cannot continue unless they 
take proper measures to strengthen themselves. 

" Upon the whole I expect Lord Liverpool to con- 
tinue in Office, though some who are intimately ac- 
quainted with him are of a different opinion. It has 
at length been expressly notified to us that as soon as he 
is again capable of attending to business, a direct com- 
munication on the proposed changes will be addressed 
to Lord B. 2 & that Ministers are desirious of our co- 
operation etc. 

" This of course is for yourself alone, in the strictest 
secrecy. Canning would also be comprehended, but I 
doubt whether Peel. I think it however very probable 
that all this will be delayed, first till after the Session, 
then till after the Coronation, then till the return from 
Ireland & then till next year. 

" This is all I know, & notwithstanding the strong 
eagerness to accept, which you are aware, will exist in 
Lord B. I feel great doubt whether it may, under exist- 
ing circumstances, be possible to form such an arrange- 
ment, as it may be desirable for us to form a part of. 

1 Lady Louisa Hervey, dau. of 3rd E. of Bristol, Bp. of Berry. She 
mar. as his first wife in 1795, Robert Bankes, 2nd E. of Liverpool and 
2nd Baron Hawkesbury. She died 1821, 

* Ld. Buckingham, 



274 NEW PEERS [CHAP, xv 

The grand point is that of general strength which is 
principally deficient in the H. of C. not in numbers, for 
there are plenty who are disposed to vote, but in 
efficient control of the general Administration over the 
several Departments. The inertness of the Treasury 
which, for so many years, has been the seat of Govern- 
ment & directions, infects the whole system. The 
Chancellor, 1 by the support of the Duke of York & Lord 
Shaftesbury,* has set up a standard separate from Lord 
Liverpool, opposes, as you see, every measure of im- 
provement & the only excuse for keeping him in, is the 
want of any one to replace him. But of this eno'ugh 
for the present. 

"I hear the proposed Peerages are, 
Earl of Aylesbury, to be Marquis. 
Lord Eldon & Lord Curzon to be Earls. 
M. of Conyngham, 

Earls of Ormond, Kingston, Longford, 
Marquis of Lothian. 
Earl of Wemyss. 



Lord James Murray. 



^English Peers. 



Wellesley Pole. 
Sir William Scott. 
Sir T. Heathcote. 
Cholmondley & Forrester. 

" Undoubtedly we can see no possible reason why 
Lord Sidmouth, Bragge-Bathurst, J Vansittart, Wellesley 
Pole, & Westmorland, are not fitter to go out of Office 
than Lord Harrowby, & if they did, were replaced by 
Canning, Huskisson, Lauderdale, & Lord Wellesley, the 
Country would, in my opinion, gain by the change. 
" Ever most affectionately yours. 

" C. W. W. W. 

" The King continues determined to go by Sea to 
Ireland, & Ministers that he shall go by land." 

1 Lord Eldon. 

1 6th E. of Shaftesbury ; Chairman of Committees in the H. of L. ; 
born 1768 ; mar. 1796, Anne, dau. of 3rd D. of Marlborough. He died 
1851. 

8 Bt. Hon. Charles Bragg-Bathurst, Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, 1812 ; mar. 1788, Charlotte, dau. of Ld. Addington (and 
sister to Henry Addington the Prime Minister, afterwards Ld. Sid- 
mouth). He died 1831. 



1821] A POLITICAL COMPROMISE 275 

The King was crowned on July 19th, and Parliament 
had been prorogued on July llth. There was a great 
deal of talk and rumour on the subject of a change of 
Ministers. Lord Liverpool's Government was weak 
and vacillating, and the policy with regard to the 
unfortunate Queen had become a Party question. In 
a letter addressed by Mr. Fremantle, M.P., to Lord 
Buckingham, June 16th, 1821, he says, "... the King 
only plays a game with the Opposition, from vexation, 
. . . and a wish of keeping down a Party for the Queen, 
but he has no idea of changing his Government " 
(Memories of the Court of George IV, vol. ii. p. 166). 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" HASTINGS, Friday. 

" My Brother l writes me word to-day that the general 
report of London was that there had been a compromise 
between the King & his Ministers, the latter acquiescing 
in Lord C's * being of the Royal Household & the former 
consenting to admit Canning ' to the embraces of Lord 
Liverpool. Still this ought not to make Lord Liverpool 
feel himself released from his engagement to Henry, but 
of the ministerial Code of right & wrong on such subjects 
there is no judging excepting from experience. I grieve 
for the personal sacrifice which you must make for the 
experiment, & only wish it may answer to you in other 
respects as satisfactorily as it must in the consciousness 
of your never admitting a thought of Self to obtrude 
itself on your decisions. Of my next door neighbours, 
the Lamberts, I have heard nothing, nor do I believe 
have they visited any body, at least Lady Lavington, 
who, moyennant Mrs. Jones, (Lady Claremont's sister) 
seems to know all the genteel news of the place, did not 
name them. She told me that Lord Worcester * is cer- 

1 Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville. 8 Ld. Conyngham. 

8 Canning led the H. of C. in 1821, after Ld. Castlereagh had sue. 
his father as Marq. of Londonderry. 

* Henry, afterwards 7th D. of Beaufort ; born 1792 ; mar. 1st, 1814, 
Georgiana, dau. of Henry FitzRoy. She died 1821. He mar. 2ndly, 
1822, Emily, dau. of Charles Culling Smith. He died 1863. 



27G MINISTERIAL CHANGES PENDING [CHAP, xt 

tainly to marry Lady J. Paget, 1 & that it will be a great 
blow to Lady Anne, who most unwisely gave out that He 
would never certainly think of marrying again. He 
need not, perhaps, have thought of it quite so soon, & 
for the sake of his poor little girls he might perhaps have 
made a more promising choice than a Paget. Tom 
writes word from Lady Elizabeth Belgrave,* that the 
Knowsley s Bride has 15,000 now, & as much more at 
her Father's death, but what Lady Gr. s intends to give 
to the pennyless Earl ' has not transpired. I suppose 
she will keep Heaton House for her own Jointure, nor 
indeed could he live there on Rice-milk." 

The unpopularity of Lord Liverpool's Government 
was growing apace, by the end of 1821 it was evident 
that, if he were to remain in power, he must try to 
reinforce his Cabinet by some sort of coalition with the 
Grenville Whigs. On February 22nd, 1822, Lord 
Buckingham, Lord Grenville's nephew, was given the step 
in the Peerage he so much desired, and became Duke 
of Buckingham. Places and promotions began to fall 
to other members of the parent^. 

Ministerial changes were pending, and Lady Williams 
Wynn could but see that in the near future some 
appointment would fall to Charles. She had lived all 
her life on the edge of the political circle, and her 
views of office, the demands of the position, and the 
expenses entailed, which, in her opinion, far exceeded 
the emoluments, are interesting. 

From Lady W. W. to Mrs. Charles W. W. 

" VALE ROYAL, August 21st. 

" Lord Grenville, when I was last at Dropmore urged 
the (more than prudence for he called it) absolute neces- 

1 Dau. of 1st Marq. of Anglesey, by his first wife. She mar. 1824, 
Ld. F. Conyngham, afterwards 2nd Marq. 

1 Dau. of 1st D. of Sutherland ; mar. 1819, Ld. Belgrave, afterwards 
2nd Marq. of Westminster. She died at the age of 94 in 1891. 

8 Lady Mary Stanley, dau. of 12th E. of Derby ; mar. 1821, Thomas 
Grosvenor (2nd s. of Robert, 1st Marq. of Westminster), 2nd Earl 
of Wilton through his maternal grandfather (Lady Grosvenor, wife of 
Robert, afterwards 1st Marq. of Westminster, being sole dau. and h. 
of Thomas, 1st E. of Wilton). 



1821] CLAIMS OF OFFICE 277 

sity of your limiting your expences quite as much now 
as before you went in to Office. He says the entire 
change which has taken place in the general View of the 
Claims of those who devote themselves to public Office, 
makes it no longer possible for those who hold it, to give 
anything to representation, inasmuch as according to 
the present system a man has not to look to its supply- 
ing him with any means of providing either for himself 
or his family, & is to expect to retire from it, with less 
provision for his old age than a Chelsea Pensioner. He 
told me that when my Father * was in Office, the plan 
which he laid down & in a great measure adhered to, was 
to continue to live as before on his own Income, & to 
lay by the whole of his Salary, as what he was earning 
by labour, & hard labour too ! ! for his family. On these 
considerations he most earnestly advises that you 
should not, even if all goes on as it is, think of changing 
your house. I am sure we have had but too many 
examples lately of the sacrifices which is made by those 
who do devote themselves to public life, & of the neces- 
sity of their being unabled to with draw from it before 
they are quite exhausted by the peculiarly severe labour 
both of body & mind now attached to it. That Lord 
Grenville was enabled to retire from it when he did, I 
cannot be sufficiently thankful for, as I really believe 
he must have sunk under it very soon, but according to 
the present system, He would not, supposing that Lady 
Grenville's ! situation had continued as it was when he 
married her, have had where withall to have done so. 

" Of the Bow-meeting you have heard all the details 
from younger & livelier pens than mine, I shall 
therefore only say that I was delighted to see all your 
family in most especial good looks & spirits. Lady 
Cunliffe s quite blooming but grumbling as much at your 
economy of her pocket as you can of hers ! It is very 

1 The Rt. Hon. George Grenville, Prime Minister 1763 ; born 1702 ; 
died 1770. See Introduction. 

2 Anne, dau. of 1st Ld. Camelford of Boconnoc. She inherited this 
estate from her brother Thomas Pitt, 2nd Baron, who was killed in a 
duel in 1804. She left her property at her death in 1864 to her 
husband's nephew the Hon. George Fortescue. 

3 Harriet, dau. of Sir David Kinloch, mar. 1781, Sir Foster Cunliffe, 
3rd Bart. She died 1830. She was the mother of Mrs. Charles Wil- 
liams Wynn. 



278 A WEIGHTY DECISION [CHAP, xv 

odd that this should be the one only pecuniary mark of 
the interest of one's friends, for which one is shy of 
drawing upon them. Lady Charlotte Neville 1 was 
more active & gay in doing her honors than I ever saw 
her, tho' evidently in her usual scrape, & likely to add 
a 4th little doll to the 3 which were carried about after 
her, not one of them able to walk for themselves. Her 
eldest Boy is very handsome & very agreeable, his cousin 
Lawley equally promising in the last respect but quite 
autrement in the former. Harriet & Lord D. returned 
from Willey ' full of course of admiration & good report, 
but from others I hear there was a most lamentable 
deficiency of the * Staff of Life ' & that many, among 
whom was my informant, having come 15 & 20 miles 
returned without breaking bread. The two Brides 
were very pretty & very loving." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" HASTINGS, Tuesday. 

" I must write one line my dearest Charles to thank 
you for your letter of this morning & to tell you how 
very glad I am to hear that you are likely to be able to 
reconcile all the contending Considerations, which have 
so much perplexed you of late, into a decision which 
in many points cannot but be obvious advantage to you. 
I know too well the perfectly honest & honourable feelings 
of your mind to have ever had a doubt of your losing 
sight for one moment of those principles in any decision 
which you had to make & have therefore really only 
feared that from an almost chivalrous jealousy of the 
arguments in favour of your own personal advantage, 
you would have given to the opposite Scale more than in 
justice or reason belonged to it. It is however absurd 
for me to enter into discussion upon points on which I 
am in utter ignorance & therefore all I have to say is 

1 Dau. of George, 3rd E. of Dartmouth ; mar. 1816, Hon. and Rev. 
George Neville (who in 1825 assumed the additional surname of Gren- 
ville, in accordance with the will of his kinsman, Ld. Glastonbury). 
She died 1877. 

8 Now Ld. and Lady Delamere, so created on July 17th, 1821. 

8 Willey Park, belonging to Ld. Forrester (created 1st Baron 
July 17th, 1821). 



279 

to repeat over & over again my most ardent wishes & 
prayers that in all things you may be directed to that 
which may be most conducive to your Weal. Further 
as you will believe I shall not be a little anxious for my 
next dispatch which, I suppose, must be definitive. The 
Income is far beyond what I thought, I suppose you 
must know what you say about it, but I had not thought 
it was above 3,000. Will it call for a change of house ? 
God bless you dearest." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" HASTINGS, December 5th. 

" From Charles I have not heard one word, & there- 
fore suspend the letter which in the common course of 
things, I had intended writing to him to-day. From 
whom the offer of the Board of Controul l has come I 
do not from your letter make out, but most anxiously 
do I hope that it may have been in a shape which will 
leave him no hesitation in accepting a situation which 
must, I think gratify his most sanguine wishes. All I 
hope is, that his predecessor may leave in the Seat, some 
of those adhesive particles of Bird lime, Cobbler's wax, 
etc. which has given of late such firmness of tenure to 
those who have got into them. I have been trying to 
recollect what I have heard of the salary, & fancy that 
it is some-where about 3,000, but I hope to-morrow's 
post will give me some fresh light on the subject. 

" I cannot fancy that Lady B. s will ever consent to 
his taking the Lord Lieutenancy of Ireland, or at least 
that she will go halves in it with him. I know nobody 
to whom the representation would be so irksome, indeed 
if half that one hears of her state of health be true it 
must be utterly unequal to the smallest part of such 
duties. As to our silence & secrecy on all these Topics, 
we have no merit in preserving it utterly inviolate, not 
having even Midas' Confidant to impart it to." 

1 This office was held by Mr. Canning from 1816 to 1821; he 
resigned on account of his disapproval of the Queen's trial. He 
was succeeded by Mr. C. B. Bathurst. Charles obtained the appoint- 
ment in 1822. 

a Anne Eliza Brydges, dau. and co-h. of 3rd D. of Chandoa. She 
mar. 2nd Marq. of Buckingham in 1796. 

19 



280 HENRY MINISTER AT BERNE [CHAP, xv 

Henry Williams Wynn took up the fission at Berne 
in December 1821, accompanied by his wife and family. 
In a letter, dated December 16th, Lady Williams Wynn 
compares the salaries of her two sons. " I fancy the 
Board of Control is called 5,000. I hope Henry does not 
over estimate Switzerland at 4,000, but I cannot help 
having my doubts." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BEOOK STREET, April IQth. 

" The first piece of news I heard on my arrival was 
the Annonce of Lord Denbigh l & Miss Morton, which 
is settled at last, & is to be concluded with all possible 
despatch that the whole family may set off together 
in a fortnights time for Paris. An odd place to choose 
for Honey-mooning ! I doubt that a singular history 
of accession of Wealth to Mr. Benyon,* (a man who 
maried a daughter of Lady Drummond Smith,* from 
whom he is parted,) must have reached you, having 
been 11 days in circulation, but at the chance of being 
tedious ' as a tale twice told ' I will tell you that a very 
distant relation of Mr. B's, a Batchelor of 83, dies & 
leaves him, besides an Estate of 3,000 pr. an. * all his 
personal Estate, consisting of Government Securities 
& including a sum in Bank Stock, amounting in the whole 
to 8,000,000. Up starts an old woman from Bath 
& at the suggestion of an Attorney puts in a claim to the 
Bank Stock, saying however by this man, that at her 
age she should of course much dislike entering into 
litigation & should therefore be most ready to accept 
a Compromise, ' and how much does she require ? ' said 
Mr. B. ' You must make your own offer ' replied the 
Attorney. Then, after a minute's pause, * Will 100,000 
satisfy her ? ' ' Most certainly ' says the Attorney, 

1 William, 7th E. of Denbigh ; born 1796; mar. Hon. Mary Moreton, 
dau. of 1st E. of Ducie, 1822. She died 1842. He died 1865. 

1 Lady Drummond Smith, 2nd wife of Sir Drummond Smith, 
Bart., dau. of William, 2nd Vise. Galway, and widow of Sir Francis 
Sykes. Her only daughter by her first marriage, Elizabeth, mar. 1797, 
Richard Benyon (who in 1814 assumed the additional surnames of 
Powlett-Wrightson and in 1822 that of De Beauvoir). She died 1822. 



1822] THE DUKE OF BEDFORD 281 

with a low bow, & ended the matter, & there, as your 
Uncle observes, is one probably of many instances of a 
man with above a million of Money dying in perfect 
obscurity. 

" I am afraid Lord Glastonbury ' is sinking fast, He 
has no particular complaint, but says he is aware that he 
is going & is so low that he will not, if he can help it come 
out of his house. We, his Contemporaries, shall very 
sincerely miss & regret him, & many younger ones will 
long remember his singular talents for society.'' 



The leading Whigs looked upon Liverpool's coalition 
with the Grenville party as a betrayal of principle, and 
party feeling ran high in London society. The Duke 
of Bedford, irate at the lavish bestowal of honours and 
places amongst the Grenville clique, made an attack, 
reported in the Globe newspaper, upon " a noble Duke, 
late a noble Marquess." The new Duke of Buckingham, 
with his " blushing honours thick upon him," resented 
the tone and tenor of the attack, and after some 
correspondence, demanded " satisfaction," choosing his 
cousin, Sir Watkin, as his intermediary. Sir Watkin 
sent Henry a full account of the " Meeting," with 
copies of the letters which passed between the two noble 
Dukes. Incidentally it transpires that poor Sir Watkin' s 
feelings at the time of the ** meeting " were extremely 
mixed, as his second son chose that precise moment for 
entering the world. 



From Sir Watkin W. W, to Henry W. W. W. 

" May 3rd. 

" DEAR HENRY, I wrote to you in haste yesterday, 
but as I am sure that you will be most anxious for the 
details of the business which began so unpleasantly 

He died 1825. 



282 A DUEL PENDING [CHAP, xv 

but has terminated as satisfactorily as possible, I enclose 
you copies of the whole correspondence & a Newspaper 
with a copy of the offensive words & a true, but not 
official account of the ' Action.' As far as I can collect 
the opinion of the Town, I think, that it is favourable 
& that the words used were much too strong to be passed 
by. I lament the long time which elapsed between the 
offence & the arrangement, but when you look at the 
dates of the Correspondence you will see that it could 
not be helped. 

" On Wednesday the 24th, I received a letter from 
the Duke of Buckingham, 1 (No. 1) saying ' that should 
it lead to further correspondence, he should, trusting to 
my unvarying affection, have recourse to my advice.' 
Feeling that I could not refuse such a request, I went 
immediately to my Uncle Tom, who said that he thought 
the thing necessary, & only doubted if the words were 
strong enough. I did not receive No. 3 till 6 o'clock 
on Sunday, I had waited at home expecting it, till 
3 o'clock, when I took my ride, owing to some mistake 
the parcel was not delivered till \ past 3. I went 
immediately to the Duke of Bedford's * & as I was 
denied, wrote to him begging him to fix an hour 
when I should call upon him, either that evening or 
the next day, he sent word, he was getting into his 
carriage to go to dinner but would send an answer in 
the evening. 

" As chance would have it we met at dinner at the 
Dilittante, I then settled to call upon him at 11 next 
day, which I did accordingly & delivered No. 3. I 
called again in 3 hours & received No. 4, which I read 
& said I doubted it being satisfactory, but that I should 
send it to Stowe & that I made no doubt of the Duke 
of Buckingham being in town on Tuesday. As he was 
not arrived by 5 o'clock the Duke of Bedford settled 
to go to hear Canning & from there to the Opera. At 
9 the Duke of Buckingham arrived, (in the meantime 
my Boy was born) I was with him in an hour, he wrote 

1 2nd Marq., created Duke 1822. 

* John, 6th D. of Bedford; born 1766; mar. 1st, 1786, Georgina, 
dau. of Vise. Torrington (she died 1801), 2ndly in 1803, Georgina, dau. 
of 4th D. of Gordon. He was Ld.-Lieut. of Ireland in 1806-7. He 
died 1839. 



1822] THE MEETING ARRANGED 283 

No. 5 which is too long but I could not help that. I 
was with the Duke of Bedford by appointment by 10 
o'clock on Wednesday, at 12 I saw Lord Lynedock, 1 he 
settled to meet me on horse back at the end of Portland 
Place at 4 to fix the place, we rode together for an hour 
& half, all about Paddington, Westbourne, etc., but 
the gates of all the Fields leading to the Road were 
locked & it was impossible for the Duke of Buckingham 
to have scrambled into them, I therefore suggested 
Kensington Gardens, which Lord L. adopted, we chose 
a gravel pit just on the right as you come in at Bays- 
water, in a thicket, a place which I will be bound has 
been most frequently used for the contrary purpose to 
what we intended, viz. Love. We were all there before 
the time, I believe I was last as I rode to the Magazine 
& walked over Bush Hill. Ten minutes passed in dis- 
cussion when I offered to accept much less than what 
the Duke of Bedford afterwards said. Tho' I had 
anticipated exactly such a result I do not know when I 
ever felt my mind more relieved than when every thing 
was over. Lord Lyndock called upon the Duke of 
York to make an apology for having violated the 
sanctity of the Palace, the Duke of Buckingham begged 
me to do the same this morning, the Duke of York 
tho' hardly recovered from the Gout saw me & was 
very civil. 

" Harriet & my little one z are going on very well 
we have not yet settled whether he is to be ' Edward ' 
or ' Herbert ' Watkin, Lord Clive is to be one God-father 
& we doubt whether to ask you upon this occasion, or 
to wait for the chance of a future one when you can be 
present. 

" Yours affectionately, 

" W. W. W." 



1 Thomas Graham, 1st Ld. Lynedoch, a distinguished General in 
the Peninsular War, and victor of Barrosa in 1807. His wife, who died 
in 1792, was Mary, dau. of Ld. Cathcart, and the original of Gains- 
borough's famous picture "Mrs. Graham." He died 1843. 

* Herbert Watkin, 2nd B. and youngest child. He mar. in 1855, 
Anna, dau. and co-h. of Edward Lloyd of Cefn. He was sometime 
M.P. for Montgomeryshire. He died from injuries caused by a fall 
from his horse in 1862. His eldest surviving son is the present (7th) 
Baronet of Wynnstay. 



284 THE CORRESPONDENCE [CHAP, xv 

Copy No. 1 

From the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to the 
Duke of Bedford 

" STOWE, April 23rd, 1822. 

" MY LORD, In the Globe Newspaper of 22nd inst. 
I this morning read the following passage, represented 
to be part of your Grace's Speech at a County Meeting 
therein stated to have been lately held at Bedford viz, 
* He, (meaning your Grace) would now advert to another 
transaction which he was almost ashamed to mention, 
he alluded to a great Borough Proprietor, now a noble 
Duke, late a noble Marquis, whose services, & the services 
of whose adherents in Parliament had been purchased 
by Government, had been purchased by conferring high 
Offices on those adherents.' I conclude that I cannot 
do otherwise than suppose the person therein alluded 
to, be myself, upon this point if I am mistaken, your 
Grace can set me right. 

" I have lived long enough in public life, not to 
trouble myself about the estimate which it may please 
the public Newspapers to make of my public or private 
character, I also know how incorrectly what passes at 
public Meetings is often reported in the Newspapers, 
not always intentionally so, by the Reporters, but owing 
to the confusion attending such Meetings. But when 
expressions such as these tending to slander my Char- 
acter both individual, & as a public man, by stating that 
* my services have been purchased ' by the Govern- 
ment, and by Offices conferred on my friends, are sup- 
ported by the weight of an authority and name so much 
respected as yours, an importance attaches to them 
which in other respects they would not merit. 

" I feel myself therefore called upon in vindication of 
my character to request your Grace will inform me 
whether these words as reported in the Globe News- 
paper were used by your Grace and applied to me. 

" If they were not, or if they were accompanied by 
other expressions not reported in the Newspaper explain- 
ing away their obvious and offensive meaning, I will ask 
your Grace to say so, and in that case I have to apologize 







THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM 



Romney 



284] 



1822] THE CORRESPONDENCE 285 

to your Grace for having taken up so much of your 
time. 

" I have the honor to remain My Lord, 
' Your Grace's obedient humble Servant, 

(signed) " C. BUCKINGHAM & CHANDOS. 
'' P.S. It has occurred to me that possibly your 
Grace may not have seen the Globe Newspaper and 
consequently may not be aware of the manner in which 
your speech is reported therein. 

" I have therefore taken the liberty of transmitting 
it to your Grace and I will thank you to return it to me. 

" C. B. & C." 



Copy No. 2 

From the Duke of Bedford to the Duke of Buckingham 
and Chandos 

" WOBTJBN ABBEY, April 25th, 1822. 

" MY LORD DUKE, I have by this morning's post 
had the honour to receive your Grace's letter of the 
23rd inst. referring to a passage in the Globe News- 
paper of the 22nd, represented to be a Speech I made 
at a County Meeting held at Bedford on Saturday last. 

" Your Grace is perfectly correct in supposing that 
you are the person therein alluded to, but it is impossible 
for me to say whether the words I used at that Meeting 
are correctly reported or not, I can however have no 
hesitation in assuring your Grace that I meant nothing 
personally offensive to you, and I never intentionally 
gave personal offence to any man in the whole course of 
my life. 

" My intention was to animadvert on a public transac- 
tion in which a public man was concerned, and this I 
claim a right to do in any public Assembly, whether 
in the House of Parliament, of which I am a Member, 
or out of it. 

" I have the honor to be My Lord Duke, 

" Your Grace's very obedient & humble Servant, 

(signed) " BEDFORD. 

" P.S. I shall be in town on Saturday next, should 
your Grace desire to have any further communication 



286 THE CORRESPONDENCE [CHAP, xv 

with me on the subject. I return the Globe Newspaper 
as you desire. 

** To His Grace the Duke of Buckingham & Chandos." 

Copy No. 3 

From the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to the 
Duke of Bedford 

" STOWB, Saturday, April 21th, 1822. 

" MY DEAR DUKE, I have this morning received your 
Grace's letter in answer to mine of 23rd inst. 

" Your Grace admits that I was the person alluded 
to in your Speech at the Bedford Meeting. You state 
that it is impossible for you to say whether the words 
you used at that Meeting were correctly reported or not 
but that you meant nothing personally offensive to me, 
your Grace will pardon me for saying that the words 
used must be the test of this. 

" In referring to the Newspaper report your Grace 
will see that you are there represented as charging me 
with having sold my services to Government for places 
given to my adherents. 

" The conduct of every public man is open to remark, 
observation, and criticism in Parliament or elsewhere. 
But neither in Parliament or elsewhere is any one 
justified in imputing corrupt motives or dishonest con- 
duct to any man, especially behind his back, and when 
he cannot defend himself. 

" The question, if made by anyone, that my services 
were purchased by Government for places conferred 
upon my adherents is untrue & slanderous, and I should 
call upon any individual who made it, either to answer 
it, or make me reparation for it. 

" The Globe Newspaper states, your Grace to have 
made the assertion, your Grace says it is impossible for 
you to say whether your words were correctly reported 
therein or not, I have therefore no alternative left, but 
to request your Grace will be pleased to inform me 
whether at that Meeting, in the words reported or in any 
others implying the same thing, you meant to charge 
me with the corrupt & dishonest act of selling my 



1822] THE CORRESPONDENCE 287 

services to the Government for places given to my 
adherents. 

' Your Grace having said in your letter that you are 
going to London this day, I should immediately have 
proceeded there myself, but as the Duchess of Bucking- 
ham is coming here to-day from London, my unex- 
pectedly crossing her on the road would necessarily 
create an alarm, which in the present state of the 
proceedings is unnecessary and a publicity which under 
all circumstances, until the affair is settled it is highly 
expedient to avoid. I have therefore transmitted this 
letter by the Coach (there being no post to-day) to Sir 
Watkin Williams Wynn who will do himself the honor 
of waiting upon your Grace with it or of transmitting 
it to your Grace, whichever he may think right, and he 
will, should your Grace approve of it receive any answer 
or communication which your Grace may think fit to 
send me. 

" I have the honor to be, My Lord Duke, 
" Your Grace's Obedient Servant, 

" C. BUCKINGHAM & CHANDOS. 

" His Grace the Duke of Bedford." 

Copy No. 4 

From the Duke of Bedford to the Duke of Buckingham 
and Chandos 

" ST. JAMES'S SQUARE, April 29th, 1822. 

" MY LORD DUKE, Sir Watkin Williams Wynn has 
delivered to me the letter which your Grace did me the 
honor to write to me on the 27th inst. 

" I beg leave once more to repeat that I meant no 
personal offence to your Grace in anything I said at 
Bedford. 

" Without disputing upon the accuracy of words 
quoted in a Newspaper report, I will truly avow that I 
meant to say that your Grace's services were purchased 
by the Government, but not in any offensive sense of the 
word. The fact appears to me to be politically and 
substantially true and not to be controverted. I imputed 
no ' corrupt Motives ' to your Grace. Every man must 
l?e the best & only judge of his own motives. 



288 THE CORRESPONDENCE [CHAP, xv 

" At a public Meeting legally convened for a specifick 
purpose, essentially connected with the conduct of leading 
men in Parliament, in the part of the County in which I 
reside, I commented upon the conduct of your Grace, 
and that of your Parliamentary adherents, as deeply 
injurious to the best interests of the Country, and this I 
again repeat I conceive I had a perfect right to do. 
If your Grace is not satisfied with this statement, I am 
perfectly ready to make you any reparation which the 
honor of a Gentleman may grant. 
" I am My Lord Duke, 

" Your obedient, humble Servant, 
(signed) " BEDFORD." 

Copy No. 5 

From the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to the 
Duke of Bedford 

" BUCKINGHAM HOUSE, Tuesday, April 3Qth. 

" MY LORD DUKE, I received your Grace's letter of 
yesterday's date this morning at Stowe, and in con- 
sequence of it have not lost a moment in coming up to 
London. I sincerely regret to say that your Grace's 
explanation is not satisfactory. 

" The point at issue between us is not whether my 
political conduct is or is not injurious to the best interests 
of the Country, upon that subject, your Grace has in 
common with every man the fullest right to form and 
express an opinion. But the question which I requested 
your Grace to answer, was whether you had at the 
Bedfordshire Meeting either, in the words ascribed to 
you, or in any other, stated that my services were 
purchased by the Government, at the expence of Offices 
given to my adherents, your Grace admits that you 
meant to say, my services were purchased by the Govern- 
ment, whether at the expence of Offices given to my 
adherents, your Grace is silent. I am however bound 
to believe you do not therefore mean to deny that you 
used terms to express this also. Your Grace says that 
you used the word * Purchased ' not in the offensive 
sense of the word, I know no meaning which can apply 



1822] A GRACEFUL DUEL 289 

to it as referring to the conduct of a public man, that 
is not offensive, and you must have meant to imply my 
motive was corrupt, because the very act of selling 
myself for Offices given to my friends necessarily implies 
a corrupt & dishonest bargain. 

' I must declare this statement of my conduct to be 
untrue and your Grace in avouing that you have made 
it leaves me no other course to pursue than that of 
calling upon your Grace to give me that satisfaction 
which is due to my character and honor which you have 
publickly traduced. 

" Sir Watkin Williams Wynn will have the honor of 
placing this letter in your Grace's hands and of arranging 
with your Grace or with any Gentleman whom your 
Grace may appoint the details necessary on the occasion. 

" I have the honor to be My Lord Duke, 

" Your Grace's obedient Servant, 

" B & " 

" To His Grace the Duke of Bedford." ' 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STBEET, May 1th. 

" For a bad business nothing, thank God, could 
have had a more satisfactory termination, the sub- 
sequent civilities on both sides, have been quite in the 
* vielle Cour ' Stile, & it is the fashion to describe it as a 
most graceful duel, which is speaking of it with more 
levity than I can reconcile to quoting. Next to the 
trembling rejoicing at the happy out-turn it has been a 
matter of the greatest gratification to me to hear from 
all sides how very much my dear Watkin's conduct on 
the occasion has been approved. My Brother Tom, 
says it was impossible for any man to have Shewn more 
perfect judgement & firmness, coolness & good temper, 
than he did in every part of the business, and in these 
four merits, he thinks are comprised all that could be 
brought to avail on such an occasion, my good Watkin, 
however added one more, that of kind-heartedness, in 
endeavouring tho' I fear with little success, to turn the 
softness of the moment to some account towards bringing 



290 TALK OF THE TOWN [CHAP, xv 

the two Brothers * nearer together. Watkin's agitation 
on the Tuesday when he found himself just at the crisis 
of his arrangements with the Duke of Bedford, taken 
in for the Crisis of Lady Harriet's Accouchment, must 
have been very great, but thank God, he was speedily and 
happily relieved from all anxiety about her in less than 
two hours. The Boy is not so large as his Brother, but is 
a fair full-sized Child, & at present very pretty from 
having what we hope is ' Papa's Nose.' His name will, 
I fancy, be Edward, which tho' allowed to be much less 
pretty than Herbert, is considered as more compli- 
mentary to Grand-papa Po. ! 

" Many people have said that they really hope that 
this business of the Duel may be productive of good 
effect in checking the outrageous black-guard Stile of 
personality which has been, this year adopted in the 
debates, I heard that while Lord J, Russel ' was describ- 
ing the (to me so honoured) name of Grenville, as one 
* Abhorred through out the Country,' even Brougham 
exclaimed, * this is too bad 1 ! ' 

" The Swiss Mission, will I suppose be the next subject 
interesting to me that will be brought into discussion, & 
that discussion will at least give an opportunity of 
refuting some of the many false statements which have 
been put forth on the subject. 

" The Bridal Riddels 4 are still in town but talk of soon 
going to their Villa in the Highlands, to which Edinburgh 
is not half way, & where, when I asked her if they had a 
good house, she said he talked of building one some time 
or other, but at present it is only a Cottage ! ! Love will, 
I hope resist the wintry blasts but it will have much 
to do. 

" The talk of the town is still whether Lord Wor- 
cester 6 is, or only is to be, married to Miss Smith. There 

1 The D. of Buckingham and Ld. Nugent. 

2 Ld. Powis. 

8 Rt. Hon. Ld. John Russell, 3rds. of the 6th D. of Bedford ; born 1792; 
created Earl Russell 1861 ; Prime Minister 1846-52, 1865-6. He 
died 1878. 

* Sir James Riddell, 2nd Bart, of Ardnamurchan, mar. 1822, Mary, 
dau. of Sir Richard Brooke. 

' This marriage took place (see note 4, page 27 f >). The lady's mother 
was Lady Anne Wellesley, widow of Hon. Henry Fitzroy, who died 
1794. She mar. 2ndly, 1799, Charles Culling Smith. 



1822] DEATH OF LORD LONDONDERRY 291 

is a report that our worthy cousin, Silly-Billy, 1 has mixed 
himself up in the discussion, so as to have produced an 
angry message from Lord Worcester. This would seem 
hardly possible were it not already known that there is 
nothing foolish or impertinent that he may not say 
or do." 

From Lady W. W. to Charles W. W. W. 

" HAWARDEN CASTLE, August Hth. 

" You will easily believe my dearest Charles how 
very much even I feel affaireed by the sad event 8 
notified 4o us in this mornings paper, I am most truly 
concerned for the breaking up of so much domestic 
happiness, & am of course lost in speculation on the 
probable consequences. Will Canning be stopped, will 
Peel be promoted, or will the whole be bouleversement ? 
Pray, pray write me one single word or make Charles 
Richards do so. In this house & indeed in these parts 
I am as much cut off even from an interchange of senti- 
ments upon it as if I was at the Hebrides. I find here 
a letter from you which came yesterday & in which you 
speak of your apprehension of any great Event taking 
place while all your Brethren were so much dispersed, 
& in a few hours after you had so written this had taken 
place I 

*' I stay here till Wednesday next & must repeat that 
I shall be pining for news." 

The Same 

" HA WARD EN CASTLE, Saturday. 

" I am as you will believe all impatience to hear from 
you, tho of course nothing decisive can, I suppose, be 
known until the King's return, unless it be necessary 
even before that to send somebody to Vienna. Pray 
bestow upon me some loose speculations for I am dying 
of curiosity & indeed am very truly anxious to hear 

1 Playful reference to William, D. of Clarence. 

a On August 12th Ld. Londonderry, in a fit of temporary insanity, 
committed suicide. It was some weeks before his post as Foreign 
Secretary was filled, but in September the feeling in favour of Canning 
throughout the country was unmistakable, and the King was forced 
to make the appointment. 



292 OUR COUSINS THE SHAKERLEYS [CHAP, xv 

how poor Lady Londonderry l supports her dreadful 
shock. To her the horrible immediate cause must be a 
cruel aggrevation as she will always think this blow 
might have been averted, but in every other point of 
view there is nothing more to regret than if he had died 
of a violent fever or by any other accident. It does, 
however, make one feel very seriously alarmed at the 
extraordinary encrease of labour now attached to Par- 
liamentary duty from the regularly late hours to which 
the daily business is now prolonged & which when con- 
nected with the constant routine of Ministerial business 
does really seem to make a constant demand both on 
bodily & mental strength beyond what any can stand." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" PENBEDW, August \Zth, 1822. 

" (Do not read my letter aloud.) 

" I have been leading such a wandering life, my 
dearest Henry since I left London, that my Epistolary 
communications have been quite broken in to. 

" Sir H. Mainwaring z who has just gone from hence, 
gave me the other day, a long history of our young 
Cousins the Shakerleys s whom he had been visiting at 
Stamford Park in Northamptonshire, where Shakerley 
had hired from the Dashwood family, for 300 a year, 
the House completely furnished with 10 Acres of land, 
buying the produce of the Gardens & Hot houses which 
are kept up in the highest order at the expence of the 
Landlord. If all this is so, it seems an extraordinary 
bargain. Sir H. says no man can be living more 

1 Amelia Ann, dau. and co-h. of 2nd E. of Buckinghamshire ; mar. 
1794, Vise. Castlereagh, who sue. hia father as 2nd Marq. of London- 
derry in 1821. She died 1829. 

2 Sir Henry Mainwaring, the first Baronet of Peover, Cheshire ; 
born 1782 ; mar. 1803, Sophia, dau. of Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton, 
Bart., of Combermere. He died 1860. 

8 Charles Watkin John Buckworth, of Somerford, Cheshire, who in 
1788 assumed the surname and arms of Shakerley, inheriting from his 
mother, Eliza Shakerley, dau. and h. of Peter Shakerley (whose sister, 
Frances Shakerley, mar. Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, 3rd Bart.). 
He died 1834, and his son Charles, created a baronet in 1838, 
mar. 1819, Laura Ang6lique Rosalba, dau. of the D. d'Avaray. 
She died without children ; and he mar. 1831, Jessie, dau. of James 
Scott, of Rotherfield Park, Hants. 



1822] SOCIAL AFFAIRS 293 

quietly & at the same time both comfortably & respect- 
ably. Madam is, he says, more stupid & dull than ever, 
& quite without object or occupation of any sort except- 
ing Angling, but he says Shakerley, is very attentive to 
her & seems very fond of her. I am sorry to hear that 
the younger brother Geofrey, who was thought a 
promising lad, is falling into the same morbid shyness as 
his Father & is never seen by any body. The daughter, 
Mrs. Harvey & her Irish husband, are quite ruined & 
entirely supported by old Shakerley but not at Somer- 
ford, of which he will not open the doors even to her. 

" The Cheshire Squires are, of course, all in a fever 
at the importation of a Polish Prince l to be considered 
a land-holder in the County Palatine, they say that one 
of his Sisters is to marry Dandy Bradshaw, which will 
be a very good catch for him. 

" Miss Isabella Poyntz * is supposed not to have 
condescended to accept Lord Gower who has left Cow- 
dray, but as he is allowed to return thither in a fortnight, 
there seems to be hopes that by perseverance he may 
subdue this obstinate fair. I am quite glad * par esprit 
de corps ' that he & his Brother, who were certainly the 
two greatest Matches in England, should have been 
brought so completely on their marrow-bones by two 
Ladies without any other pretensions, than mental & 
personal charms. They say that Mr. Cox has at last 
allowed his daughter Charlotte to engage herself to 
Punch Greville, 5 waiting only for the death of a 70 year 
old Clerk of the Peace for Middlesex, whose place the 
Duke of Portland has promised his Nephew. 

" You will easily believe how very much I am 
astonished by the sad event of Lord Londonderry's 
death, which the Newsapers of this morning notify to 
us. I am truly sorry for the breaking up of such domestic 
happiness & of course a good deal affaireed, in speculating 
on the consequences. Charles is at Mr. Dallas' & very 
possibly will by that means lose a post in learning the 

1 Prince Sapieha, belonging to a very distinguished Polish family. 

1 This lady mar. in 1824, Brownlow, 2nd Marq. of Exeter. She 
died 1879. 

3 Algernon Greville, Bath King at Arms ; born 1798 ; mar. April 
1823, Charlotte, dau. of R. H. Cox. She died 1841. He died 1864. 
(His mother was Lady Charlotte Bentinck, dau. of 3rd D. of Portland.) 



294 HENRY'S APPOINTMENT [CHAP, xv 

news. In a letter from him written three days ago from 
Llangedwyn which I found here, he says he hopes, 
' London will not be burnt down or any Conspiracy 
break out in the next fortnight, as, of his fifteen Brethren, 
Lord Liverpool, Van, 1 & perhaps the Chancellor, are all 
that are within reach,' in 12 hours after he wrote this, 
this great Event had taken place ! I am lost in Specula- 
tion. Will Canning be stopped, or will Peel be pro- 
moted ? " 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Charles W. W. W. 

[Undated."] 

" I am sure you will have weighed well the out-goings 
& in-comings of the Chair before you decline it, I should 
have thought that in the present state of Beef & Mutton 
the dinners to the H. of C. (which I suppose, perhaps 
ignorantly) will be the only point in which the expendi- 
ture need necessarily exceed that of the B. of C. would 
have been more than counter balanced by 1,000 a yr. 
& a house free of Rent & Taxes, but certainly the oppor- 
tunity of doing acts of kindness to others is all in favour 
of your present situation to that advantage I know 
nobody who will attach more than yourself." 

(From this letter it is evident that rumours were 
again current respecting the Speakership.) 



Lady Harriet Williams Wynn's health made it neces- 
sary for her and Sir Watkin to spend some months 
abroad during the summer and autumn of 1823. 

As regards Henry, there appears to have been a move- 
ment on foot within the Foreign Office, to rearrange 
some of the minor Foreign Missions, Berne being one of 
those about to be placed in a lower category. The very 
idea of such action, with regard to a post held by one 
of the parente, aroused the indignation of the Duke 

1 Nicholas Vansittart, Chan, of Exch., retired with a peerage as 
Ld. Bexley in 1823. 




1823] HENRY'S APPOINTMENT 295 

of Buckingham. Copenhagen, apparently, was not at 
the moment available, so Mr. Canning tactfully allayed, 
as far as possible, the rising breeze in the party he was 
anxious, on the ground of policy, to conciliate, and hi 
May 1823 moved Henry to Stuttgart. 

The reigning Queen of Wiirtemberg was Princess Royal 
of England, an old friend of Lady Williams Wynn, who 
in the summer of this year paid Henry a visit at Stutt- 
gart. Unfortunately no letters are preserved from her, 
written during her stay, but subsequent references 
indicate the pleasure the visit gave her. 

From Sir W. W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" ROME, January 4<A. 

" DEAR HENRY, A letter which I received from 
Charles four Days ago, dated Dec. 7th announced to me 
that you had the offer of Copenhagen, I sincerely con- 
gratulate you upon it & think that you have done very 
wisely in accepting it, as tho' a more Southern destina- 
tion would have been more agreeable & possibly have 
been less expensive, yet as the Danish Mission is of higher 
Class & considered one of more importance than the 
Swiss, it is certainly promotion, which in all professions 
is of the greatest importance. I should have begun by 
telling you that I received your letter of the 17th, ulto : 
this morning & at the same time Paris Papers of the 
18th & 19th, which shews you the uncertainty of Italian 
Posts. 

" Of course you will let us know your motions as soon 
as they are fixed, but the change in your residence makes 
me still more anxious to see you & Hester. As the 
Bears must have somebody to look after them, I suppose, 
there is no fear of your being obliged to move before 
Easter, & with your family, I should think, the middle 
of April as good a time for travelling as any. . . . 

" The Pearls are to be bought for nothing here, would 
Hester like to make a figure among the Danes at a small 
expence ? Harriet has bought a necklace & earings for 
a Louis, which looks like her own & as they are 
of Alabaster therefore will not break.'* 

20 



296 BERNE OR STUTTGART [CHAP, xv 

From the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to 
Henry W. W. W. 

" AVINOTON, January 6th, 1823. 

" Confidential. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I lament to hear that owing to 
the mad-man W. Hill's 1 not knowing his own mind, 
your arrangement is addled. I also regret to hear that 
an arrangement has been made or is to be proposed to 
you, which on every account I consider highly dis- 
advantageous to you & your friends. This proposal 
is to remove you to a Situation of equal rank etc., to 
that from which you move, & then to reduce that from 
which you move, to a lower rate & rank. If you 
acquiesce in this you permit your new Chief to establish 
incontrivertibly the truth of the charge brought against 
your former Chief of making your present situation a 
job for the purpose of Strengthening the Government. 
I do not see how it would be possible to maintain that a 
higher rank of Minister was necessary for Bern in 1822 
than in 1823, and if this is admitted, in your instance, 
then the truth of all our Mr. Creevey's ! & Lord Henry's ' 
blackguard insinuations, are directly admitted. In 
this insiduous attempt to discredit your friends, I know 
you will not submit & I will not be a party. I trust & 
hope therefore that you will stand firm. I have written 
to your brother to urge this very strongly to him & I 
cannot help thinking that he will see this in as strong a 
light as I do. At all events nothing will shake my 
opinion upon it. 

" I have not written, because I have had such repeated 
experience of the anxiety of the King of France & Co, 
to see my letters, that I did not care to indulge their 
curiosity further, & I have sent this in duplicate through 
the Foreign Office. 

1 Hon. William Hill, 2nd a. of let Baron Berwick, British Minister 
at Turin, later Envoy Extraordinary at Naples. He assumed the 
additional surname of Noel in 1824. He sue. his brother as 3rd 
Baron in 1832 ; d.s.p. 1842. 

2 Thomas Creevey, M.P., whose Papers were edited by Sir 
Herbert Maxwell, 1903. 

8 Ld. Henry Bentinck, 3rd s. of D. of Portland (uncle to Ld. Titch- 
field) ; born 1774; M.P. for Glasgow; Governor-General of India 
1827-33 ; mar. 1803, Mary, dau. of 1st E. of Gosport. He d.s.p. 1839. 



1823] BERNE OR STUTTGART 297 

" Give my best love to Hester, & believe me, my dear 
Henry, always, 

" Your most affectionate, 
" C. B. & C." 

From Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville to Henry W. W. W. 
" CLEVELAND SQUARE, January 1th, 1823. 

" You will long before you receive this, have heard 
from your Brother of the unexpected check to the 
Copenhagen arrangement by Hill's refusing the Under- 
Secretaryship, which he had been understood to have 
accepted. The other proposal must at this time have 
reached you, which tho', not accompanied with all the 
advantages of the Northern arrangement, is still in 
my eyes, one which I should advise you without hesi- 
tation to adopt ; your moving to Stutgard is only a 
promotion in the rank of the Court where you would 
reside, but besides its being a Royal Court, it has as I 
understand the recommendation of being more cheer- 
ful as well as more cheap a residence than that of 
Berne, but above all it is a change strongly urged by 
C. 1 in order to enable him, as soon as you shall have 
quitted Berne, to put that Mission upon a lower & 
more ecconimical footing, anticipating by that reform 
the renewal of last years motion in Parliament, as 
that subject will undoubtedly be brought forward 
again early in this Session. 

" Your Brother tells me, to my very great surprise 
that the Duke of Buckingham says he shall write to 
Dissuade you from accepting this, all I can say is 
this, that I think such advice would be very ill-timed 
& very prejudicial to your interests. If C. thinks it 
right to reform the Swiss Mission by putting it on a 
lower footing, while he at the same time provides 
against your suffering by the change, surely it would 
show a very unaccomodating disposition on your part 
to refuse to lend yourself to it, & drive C. thereby to 
the absolute necessity of either abandoning his own 
determination of making that reform or leaving you 
to be the sufferer by it. 

1 Canning, Foreign Secretary. 



298 UNCLE TOM'S ADVICE [CHAP, xv 

" On the other hand I understand that in proposing 
this present exchange to you C. has expressed the 
strongest determination to give you Copenhagen, as 
soon as it can be vacated, & unquestionably it is a plain 
dictate of Common Sense that you should endeavour 
by all means in your power to conciliate the good 
wishes of your Chief, in a Department where all the 
future promotion will depend upon his good will. It 
may, I think, be very cheaply purchased upon this 
occasion, as tho' there is no change of income, the 
change as far as it goes has always been reckoned a 
promotion, from a Republick to a Royal residence, 
& that a Royal residence connected so closely with the 
Royal family of England. But tho' in my accustomed 
interest in all that belongs to you, I state these things, 
I own I have so much confidence in their being sug- 
gested by your own good sense & good temper, that 
I have no fear left as to your decision. 

" Of news, if there is any you are so much better 
fed with it from a more authentick source that I have 
nothing to add. 

" C.'s appointment of Lord F. Conyngham to be 
under-Secretary is considered as an evidence of a 
more cordial understanding at Brighton, & will so far 
be of use, of course he will be attacked for it, but he 
is pretty much used to attack. I am sorry to find in 
common talk that there is a great apprehension among 
Lord Cholmondley's friends that Lord Henry will 
marry Mad. Jerome * at Paris, I don't know the young 
man, but I am sorry for him, I am told her Son is 
only two years younger than Lord H. 

" Coke of Norfolk has got a Son, & has moreover 
got beat by Cobbett who, carried against him by an 
immense majority, resolutions at the Norfolk County 
Meeting, to petition for taking the Church Lands etc., 
& for suspending all process for rent for the next year. 
** Kind love to your dear Wife & God Bless you, you 
and yours, my dearest Henry." 

1 Madame Jerfime Bonaparte, Miss Patterson, who mar. Jerdme, 
younger brother of Napoleon I. She was divorced by order of the 
Emperor, so that Jerdme, King of Westphalia, might marry Princess 
Catherine of Wiirtemberg. 




1823] STUTTGART 299 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, January 14th. 

" I am anxiously, my dearest Hester, expecting 
Charles' return from an Audley End Battu, as I think 
that when he comes we must get Henry's answer to 
the proposal about Stutgard, not that I feel any doubt 
what it will be, inasmuch as in prudence it appears that 
there ought to be none, & by prudence I am sure he 
will both be self -directed & advised. I am told that 
in Stutgard you must be gainers, it being considered 
as one of the prettiest & pleasantest towns on the Con- 
tinent, & furthermore it is asserted that you will live 
there at less expence from escaping the constant influx 
of Countrymen, but against this is to be set the differ- 
ence of a regular Court, so that upon the whole I sup- 
pose you will find yourselves on that point pretty 
much where you were. Adieu dear Hester, I am proud 
to see that I shall get to you thro' fewer leagues, at 
Stutgard than I should have done at Berne, which I 
consider as ' autant de gagne.' 

" God Almighty Bless you all, Amen, Amen, from 
the bottom of my old heart." 

From Sir Watkin W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" ROME, February 12th. 

" DEAR HENRY, Charles has announced the changes 
in the Administration, upon the whole I approve of 
them, it will be a great relief to the House of Commons 
not to have poor Van's 1 croaking any more. 

" I hope you are reconciled to your removal, it is 
vexatious to have all the trouble, tho' I hope no ex- 
pence, for no immediate advantage, but the having 
given way must give you a strong claim in future. 

" Clanwilliam's appointment is strong, but I have 
not recovered my surprise at Lord F. Conyngham. I 
think that Canning has lowered himself very much by 
it, he came into Office independant of the King & 

1 Vansittart, just made Ld. Bexley. 

1 3rd Earl of Clanwilliam, born 1799; sometime Under-Sec, for 
Foreign Affairs; Ambassador to Berlin 1823-38; mar. 1830, Lady 
Elizabeth Herbert, dau. of llth E. of Pembroke; died 1879. 



300 HOME NEWS [CHAP, xv 

because they could not do without him, but this degrades 
him into a mere Court Favorite. I was told last night 
that he did not intend to stand for Liverpool, but to 
put Huskisson * up, I own I see a very strong objec- 
tion to the President of the Board of Trade representing 
the second commercial Town of the Empire. 

" The question of War or Peace occupies every 
body & now I wish that we may be able to keep our- 
selves out of the scrape, but I fear it will be impossible. 
When Russia has got all Europe well involved she will 
proceed upon Turkey & Greece. Harriet joins me in 
love to Hester, 

" Ever yours affect. 

" W. W. WYNN." 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, November Wth. 

" I should have written last week my dearest Hester, 
to have acknowledged my good Henry's letter on his 
return to Stutgard, but truth to say I have, from one 
circumstance or another felt so entirely depressed ever 
since my arrival here that I have hardly had heart to 
do anything. I cannot tell you how much your pro- 
vincial Gazette of Stutgard events amuse & interest 
me. Sir H. Halford * gave us an account of his having 
been invited " en ami ' (not professionally) to dine & 
sleep at Windsor to keep Princess Augusta's * Birth- 
day, & of his having met a party of 25, of the first 
people in the land, at a most magnificent Banquet at 
which the Royal Host presided, in the highest health 
& spirits, & closed the evening by taking him into his 
private Apartments, where half dressed and half un- 
dressed he kept him gossiping till \ past 2 in the morn- 
ing. 

i Bt. Hon. W. Huskisson, M.P. ; born 1770. He was Under-Sec, for 
the Colonies and for War, 1795; Pres. of the Board of Trade, 1823. 
He was killed by an accident at the opening of the Liverpool and 
Manchester Railway in 1830. 

Sir Henry Vaughan Halford, M.D., created a Bart. 1809. He 
sue. in 1814 to the estates of his cousin Sir Charles Halford of 
Wistow, on the death of Sarah, Lady Halford, and assumed the name 
of Halford. 

8 Princess Augusta, 2nd dau. of George III, bom November 8th, 
1768; died unmar. 1840. 



1823] HOME NEWS 301 

" We met at Whitehall on Sunday last, our new 
Cousin elect, Mr. Lucy, 1 & truly indeed does he justify 
his boast of lineal descent from Justice Shallow. He 
has been the purchaser of the fine Pietra Dura Table, 
which was called the Pearl of the Font-hill Sale, & for 
which this good man has actually given 1,800 Guin : I 
asked him if he bid himself, which he said he did, add- 
ing that ' he had not meant to have gone further than 
1000, but that bidding gave esprit.' If that be true 
he certainly made a good bargain, & acquired from the 
hammer, what had been with-held, or at best most 
sparingly bestowed upon him by nature. He has, 
however a respectable old place, (vide Sketch book !) 
20.000 pr. ann. in a ring fence & tho' last not least, a 
most excellent temper. 

" He was in town buying Jewels, & carrying down 
to his Belle-mere 8 a present of a Ruby Bracelet clasp, 
with which the good Lady's arm will be perfectly en 
suite. 

" Pray remember me to all my Stutgard friends, I 
assure you I am quite gratified by their kind Souvenirs. 

" God bless you again & again & all the etc. etc." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" ELTON, December 10th. 

" I have passed a most wretched fortnight, dearest 
Henry, since last I wrote to you, but now thank God, I 
am comparatively easy. I found my poor sister very 
ill. Kept us for many hours under the most urgent 
alarm ... it is only within these two days she has 
been able to crawl to her dressing-room. While she 
continues in this very weak & reduced state it is im- 
possible for me to think of leaving her, tho' as you 
will easily believe, I am panting to get to Vale Royal, 

i George Lucy, of Charlcote ; born 1798 ; M.P. for Fowey 1820- 
30 mar 1823 Mary, dau. of Sir John Williams, 1st Bart., of Bodel- 
wyddan. He died 1845. She died 1890. 

Margaret, dau. and h. of Hugh Williams of Tyfry, Anglesey ; mar. 
1791 Sir John Williams of Bodelwyddan, 1st Bart. (Her second 8 
Hugh, afterwards 3rd Bart., mar. 1843, Hennetta, the only dau. of 
Lady Harriet and Sir W T atkin.) 

Lady Carysfort, who lived until 1843. 



302 THE FONTHILL SALE [CHAP, xv 

where my three daughters are assembled & looking for 
me with no small impatience. I had no idea that 
Charles would have left you in ignorance of every par- 
ticular of the Lucy marriage, with which when I came 
to town, I found Mary & him very much occupied, but 
as it was, I give you great credit for finding out the 
family, by the clue of the Ruby Bracelet only. He 
certainly proves the lineality of his descent from Justice 
Shallow more conspicuously perhaps than might be 
wished, but he is extremely good sort, & very rich, & 
I take it for granted, to the young Lady, very agreable. 
He is bent upon having a very good house in Grosvenor 
Square, or some such genteel quarter, & we tell Mary 
that we are sure she is speculating upon frequent seats 
in Mrs. Lucy's Opera Box, & the entire patronage of 
her first Ball. Furthermore Charles says that Charlcott 
will be a very tidy baiting place for the young family 
on their way to & from Wales. I am afraid you have 
not got the ' Sketch book ' but if you have you will 
there see a very pretty account of the old place which, 
I fancy however, is at present one of more interest to 
the Antiquarians than of comfort to the inhabitants, 
and for my own fancy I think I should have built my 
Drawing-room first before I gave 1800 Guineas for a 
table to put into it. 

" Mr. Stewart Mackenzie, who from his being 1st 
cousin to the Duke of Somerset, knows of course a good 
deal of the Font-hill concerns, tells me that the table 
was originally bought at a Sale immediately after it 
was brought to this Country for 150 & that Beckford 
an hour afterwards gave the man 100 for his bargain. 
Lucy told me that Bd. wanted to buy it in, & was 
bidding against him, but in fact it was Phillips himself, 
who, they say is privately buying up everything, has 
never yet come to any account with Mr. Farquhar, and 
will certainly end in being possessor of the whole con- 
cern. 

" I have heard nothing in the shape of news, but a 
marriage between Lord Clifton l & Lady C. Osborn, 1 but 

1 Edward, Ld. Clifton, s. of 4th E. of Darnley ; born 1795; mar. 
1825, Emma, dau. 1st Ld. Congleton. 

a Lady Charlotte Osborne, dau. of 6th D. of Leeds ; mar. 1826, 
Sackville Lane Fox. 



1823J THE DUKEDOM OF HAMILTON 

whether it is ' Affaire faite ' or only ' L'on dit ' I know 
not. I do not know whether I told you of the report of 
Lord Stanley's setting up a claim to the Dukedom 1 of 
Hamilton, in right of his Mother who ought to have 
taken it on the death of her Brother the late Duke. I 
have since heard that the matter is certainly in agita- 
tion, and that Lord Stanley has from Grove an opinion 
very favourable to the issue. Mr. Stewart is deeply 
interested about it, not for the sake of the title only, as 
his Cousin would still have that of Brandon left (tho' a 
very inferior one to the Princely Hamilton) but from 
an Apprehension that the whole of the Hamilton Estate 
must be entailed on the title. I shall wish against Lord 
Stanley, upon my general principal of lamenting that 
two great Estates should merge into one. Each of 
them individually having 50,000 pr. ann. which seems 
to be as much as any man can spend with advantage 
either to himself or his neighbours." 

1 The 6th D. of Hamilton (3rd of Brandon) ; born 1724 ; died 
1758 ; mar. 1752 the celebrated beauty, Elizabeth Gunning. They 
had two sons, who successively became the 7th and 8th Dukes, but 
d.s.p., one in 1769, and the other in 1799. The daughter, Elizabeth, 
mar. Edward, 12th E. of Derby, in 1774. She had one son, Ld. 
Stanley, afterwards 13th E. of Derby, and two daughters. She died 
in 1797. On the death of the 8th D. of Hamilton, this lady's brother, 
in 1799, the dukedom passed to the son of James, 5th Duke, by his 
third marriage, in 1737, with Anne, dau. of Edward Spencer, of Rendle- 
sham, who became 9th Duke in 1799 (and was the father of the Lady 
Anne who figures in this Correspondence in 1814). He died in 1819, 
and was sue. by his s. the 10th Duke, whose wife Susan was dau. and 
co-h. of William Beckford, of Fonthill. 



CHAPTER XVI 
18241826 

DURING these three years there was a lull in matters 
political, no outstanding event occurred, the Catholic 
Question was still in debate, and before the General 
Election, in June 1826, the Repeal of the Corn Laws 
was mooted. The country had been slowly recovering 
from the effects of the long European Wars, and was 
now in a condition of quiet prosperity, and progress. 

The letters reflect the general peaceful condition of 
things, and deal with events of social interest, foremost 
among them being the rejoicings at Stowe on the birth 
of the Duke of Buckingham's grandson and eventual 
heir. 

The festivities on the occasion of the christening are 
recounted by Lady Williams Wynn to Henry, now at 
Copenhagen. 

Fanny's journeys abroad during the winter and 
spring of 1825-6 give her mother a further opportunity 
for recording the events of the day. 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, January 14th. 

" Here I am, dearest, writing from the paterno nido. 

" My account of both my dear Brothers & Sister have 
lately become more satisfactory. Lord Grenville has 
been passing a week or ten days in London, selling Camel- 
ford House which Lord Middleton 1 has bought of him 

1 Henry, 6th Baron Middleton ; born 1761 ; mar. 1793, Jane, dau, 
pf Sir Robert Lawley; d,p.p, 1835. 

304 



1824] ASTON THEATRICAL GAMBOLS 305 

for 11,000. This is a 1000 less than he asked, but he 
was very impatient to get rid of it, & inasmuch as he 
wished it, I am glad he has succeeded, tho' I doubt he 
will not find it easy to lodge himself as well, at the same 
time I must say that for myself I have always thought 
it one of the most unpleasant habitations in London. 
He is I understand, in treaty for a house in Berkeley 
Square, next door to Lord Lucan's which is a good 
situation, but in my mind a very dull street. 

" We were two nights ago at the Aston Theatrical 
Gambols J in which there were 18 children of all ages 
from 13 down to two & a half, performing wonderfully. 
The last and least was the youngest of Lady Brooke's * 
nine, who went thro' all its little parts of speaking, and 
singing and dancing quite to admiration. Several of 
the Characters in the farce were really given with as 
much humour & correctness as they could have been on 
any stage and made me feel quite jealous for the honour 
of the old original performances here which were never 
as perfect. It is certainly quite wonderful to see how 
hereditary that talent is in the whole of the Brooke 
family, but truth to say, the extraordinary beauty 
of the two girls particularly of the second, added not a 
little to the general effect. Their dancing is quite 
wonderful, & even to the little dab, not a foot was moved 
but in the most perfect time. 

" Next to the Brookes, Hugh * stood certainly for- 
wardest, and had the more merit, inasmuch, as his could 
not be in any degree, derived by inheritance. 

"In describing the Troup as beginning from 13 

1 Aston Hall, Oswestry, the house of William Lloyd, Esq., who was 
born 1779, and mar. Louisa, dau. and co-h. of Sir Eliab Harvey of 
Holies Park, Essex. He died 1843. 

* Harriet, Lady Brooke, 2nd dau. of Sir Foster Cunliffe (sister to Mrs. 
Charles Williams Wynn) ; mar. 1809 her first cousin, Sir Richard 
Brooke, 6th Bart., of Norton Priory, Cheshire. She died 1825. Her 
daughters were : Mary, who mar. 1831, Rowland Egerton Warburton, 
of Arley; Harriet, mar. 1837, William, llth E. of Meath; Jessy, mar. 
1832, Hon. Richard Booth Wilbraham. Lady Brooke had five sons 
and five daughters. 

3 Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Baron Delamere (Lady Williams Wynn's 
grandson); born 1811; mar. 1st, 1848, Lady Sarah Hay, dau. of 
10th E. of Kinnoull. She died 1859. He mar. 2ndly, 1860, Augusta, 
dau. of Rt. Hon. Sir George Hamilton Seymour. He died 1887. He 
was M.P. for co. Denbigh 1840-1, Montgomery 1841-7. He sue. 
hie father 1855, 



306 BRIGHTON GOSSIP [CHAP, xvi 

years old, I ought to have excepted Stephen Glynne, 1 
he however took a part, only as a stop-gap in con- 
sequence of two of the Troup having been seized with 
Chicken-pox. Stephen is grown, and is certainly hand- 
some, but is too quiet and slow to shine on the Stage or 
indeed off it. He still retains that singular indisposi- 
tion to mix or associate even with his School-fellows, 
when they visit him, and will, I fear, never be popular, 
tho' I must add that his piccadillos are all negative ones. 

" The dear fine boy 2 here will, I think, never fail in 
these points, Mary Glynne, 1 who is one of his great 
admirers, says that * if he was to stand for the County 
to-morrow, she is sure he would be returned,' which is 
I think the highest compliment she can pay him. 
Indeed the three children are, in their different ways all 
of them quite ' little perfections,' in health, strength, & 
manners. Herbert is decidedly the beauty of the set, 
but Watkin carries off all hearts. 

" The poor little Belgrave Boy is just dead and from 
what I saw of Lady Elizabeth 4 during its illness, I am 
sure its death will be felt by her most acutely, the more 
so from its being the first check of any sort that she has 
ever known since her birth." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February 2<ith, 1824. 

<l There has been some great uproar at Brighton but 
what it is nobody knows, further than that the Mar- 
chioness of C. 6 was so mobbed and insulted that she dare 
not, at last put her nose out, and told her friend that 
he must ' opt ' between her and the said place, which 
she never, never, would come to again. The option 
was made, and the reconciliation signed and sealed, 

1 Sir Stephen Glynne, 9th and last Bart. ; born 1807 ; died, unmar., 
1874. 

1 Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, 6th Bart.; born 1820; sue. his father 
1840; M.P. for Denbighshire for 44 years; died 1885. 

8 Lady Glynne. See p. 11. 

4 Lady Elizabeth Belgrave, dau, of 1st D. of Sutherland. See p. 
209, note 2. 

Marchioness Conyngham. 



1824] LORD EXETER'S MARRIAGE 307 

and furthermore it is said that Mrs. Coutts is to be 
the purchaser of the Pavillion. At the moment of the 
separation Lady Lowe l was named as successor, the 
great objection to which seemed to be the expences of 
a new establishment and the having so many fresh 
mouths to fill. 

" The great event of this week has been the Annonce 
of Lord Exeter having at last carried off the great 
prize, Isabella Pointz,* who having had all the town at 
her feet, throws her handkerchief at him. Many wonder 
at her taste, but he said to be good-natured, and to have 
been a very kind brother, furthermore he is certainly 
a very great parti, both in rank and income, the latter 
of which is just about to be immensely raised by the 
falling in of all the old leases of Cecil Street Exeter 
Change etc. On which account I am sorry to hear she 
is to have a very large Fortune, which to my fancy ought 
always to go to the second Representative of great 
famillies instead of the first. 

" Your Uncle Grenville is delighted with his House, 
and what is far more material, we are all delighted with 
him. Excepting when he moves one hardly sees a trace 
of illness about him, and I am in great hopes that as the 
fine weather comes on his limbs will become more firm 
& strong." 

The Same 

" BROOK STREET, March Sth, 1824. 

" Poor Canning has been very much shocked by the 
death of Lord Titchfield 3 to whom he was particularly 
attached. I hear the poor Duke of P. 3 is overwhelmed 
with grief. His death is supposed to have been occa- 
sioned in some measure by an over-turn some month or 
six weeks ago, but I heard yesterday, that it is to be 
ascertained by examination. 

1 Lady Lowe, dau. of Stephen de Lancy, and widow of Col. W. 
Johnson ; mar. 1815, Sir Hudson Lowe. 

2 Isabella, dau. of Mrs.Poyntz.whoinheritedCowdray when her brother, 
Ld. Montague, was drowned in the Rhine in 1793 ; her two sons were 
drowned at a 'later date and her daughters were co-heiresses. 

Ld. Titchfield, 1st s. of 4th D. of Portland; born 1776; diedunmar. 



308 MARRIAGES [CHAP, xvi 

" A marriage has been announced since I wrote to you 
last between Lady Denbigh's Sister, Miss Morton ' and 
a Mr. Langsdon, whose name did not sound to me fit 
to be connected with that of Rudolphus, Count of 
Hapsburg, but however, I learn now that he is a very 
Prince Prettyman in character, manners, fortune, 
Chateau, etc. etc. The two latter are in Oxfordshire 
& make him Member of Parliament for Woodstock, 
d'ailleure, he has been known to all the family a long 
while and is a ready made Ami intime of the house, so 
we think that Lady Ducie 2 may take rank as Artiste in 
that line, & may open an Academy for Mamas. Many 
however, I am sure would be very sorry to adopt her 
system, which has certainly been the precise reverse of 
her own and much less suited to the activity of her 
spirits and power. 

" You will have seen, probably in the Newspapers 
of the decision of the Queensbury Causes which gives 
to the poor Lord Hertford, 4 500,000 (one is tired of 
writing the O's) and furthermore he has lately got 
an Estate of 7000 pr. an. from a man who is no 
more kin to him than to you, and only put in 
his name by way of compliment, at the end of an 
Entail. I hear he laments himself for having, after 
every arrangement which he could make, 60,000 
pr. ann. more than he can find what to do with. 
Many, many, I doubt, are the little single Incomes 
to which the present reduction of 1 & pr. ct. 
would make the smallest possible subdivision of such 
a sum, a source of comparative wealth and happi- 
ness. 

" With best & warmest love to the little Society, & 
especially to the two Keystones of the Arch, I remain 
ever & ever, 

" Your most tenderly & very affectionate old 

" Parent, C. H. W. W." 



1 Hon. Julia Moreton, mar. 1824, James Haughton Langston, M.P., 
of Sarsden, co. Oxford, who died 1863. She died 1869. 

* Lady Ducie, Frances, only dau. of 1st E. of Carnarvon; mar. 1797, 
1st E. of Ducie. She died 1830. 

3 Ld. Hertford, 3rd Marq. ; born 1777 ; sue. his father 1822 ; mar. 
1798, Maria Fagniani. He died 1842. 






1824] DUEL OF LORD BRUDENELL 309 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" March Slat, 1824. 

* The conversation of the last three or four days has 
been much occupied by this duel of Lord Brudenell's, 1 
who has been fighting, not with the Admiral Tollemache, 1 
nor with Mr. Johnson, 1 but from a chivalrous regard for 
female honour, with Mr. Heathcote, 2 for declining to 
marry his sister Lady Emma Brudenell, J with whom all 
previous matrimonial arrangements were made even to 
time and place. Lord B. fired first and the other of 
course would not return it, so there it ended, the Brother 
only requiring him to sign a certificate that he had no 
reproach to make to Lady Emma, which he said he was 
most ready to do, never having thought of making the 
slightest imputation on her. The story told is, that it 
is all connected with Lady E.'s ' first fault,' or rather to 
go still higher, with the strong fancy which her Mother 
took originally for Mrs. Johnson, between whom & her 
daughters, she formed the strictest intimacy. To the 
continuance of this intimacy under the existing circum- 
stances, Heathcote vehemently objected as far as 
regarded his Fiance'e, and at last got from her a promise 
to drop it, in spite of which, however, he found that she 
continued a private correspondence, & taking fright at 
such a palpable breach of faith, he declared off. So in 
this instance the proverb is reversed, and the bad 
beginning has made nothing less than the good ending. 
The wretched woman is, they say, dying of consumption 
and heart broken at the refusal of her Parents to see her. 
" A still more recent topic has been the horrible 
accident happened to Mr. Wrightson, 4 one of the Brothers 
of Mrs. Douglas the Widow of Fred. Douglas. He was 
living at his sister's house & three nights ago went out on 

1 Ld. Brudenell, afterwards 7th E. of Cardigan ; born 1797 ; mar. 
1826, Elizabeth, dau. of Admiral Tollemache (and sister to 1st Baron 
Tollemache), the divorced wife of Col. Johnson, of Hilton. She died 
1858. (He mar. 2ndly, 1858, Adelaide, dau. of Spencer Horsey de 
Horsey, who died 1912.) He d.s.p. 1868. 

* Gilbert Heathcote, afterwards Sir Gilbert ; mar 1827, Clementina, 
dau. and h. of Ld. Gwydyr. 

3 Lady Emma Brudenell, 3rd dau. of 6th E. of Cardigan ; mar. as hia 
2nd wife in 1827, David Pennant, of Downing, co. Flint. She died 
1847. 

* Mr. Wrightson, heir-at-law to the Hodnet property, Shropshire, 
now owned by the Heber Percys. 



310 MR. WRIGHTSON'S ACCIDENT [CHAP, xvi 

the leads with Lord Sheffield to look at a fire which was 
burning at Woolwich. While he was doing this, he 
fancied he should see better from the next house and 
got up on the parapet to jump down, as he thought, 
upon the next leads, but unfortunately he alighted 
upon a Sky-light, and fell compleately through to the 
Hall with such violence as to pull down two or three 
of the Banisters with him ! He was smashed almost to 
pieces, and tho' still alive yesterday morning, was not 
expected to survive many hours. 

" Charlotte Williams Wynn l was dancing with him 
not 48 hours before the accident at a Ball at Mrs. Ras- 
botham's. The poor Sister is quite distracted, which 
is certainly not to be wondered at. 

" Have you happened, by any chance, to have heard 
of the Stipulations under which Lord Sandon * obtained 
his Bride ? being no other than that she should remain 
in Italy with her Mother, while he came over here to 
attend his Parliamentary duties which he accordingly 
has been doing en Gar9on, for the last two months, too 
lucky, if from the unusual despatch of business, he is 
not kept two more. I do think it is the most extra- 
ordinary instance of selfishness on the part of a Mother, 
that I ever heard of, and certainly one which nothing 
but the poor simple Youth's being over-head and Ears 
in love could have made him agree to, but the truth is 
that, Lady Bute 5 is one of the rare examples of a woman's 
laying it down as a position that she never was to be 
contradicted, and that every thing and every body was 
to give way to her, & having been able to carry that 
point throughout her life." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, April 6th, 1824. 

" The poor young man Wrightson, who I mentioned to 
you in my last is not only alive, but thought likely to 

1 Charles Williams Wynn's dau. 

* Ld. Sandon, afterwards 2nd E. of Harrowby ; born 1798 ; mar. 
1823 (September), Frances, 4th dau. of 1st Marq. of Bute. He was 
M.P. for Tiverton 1819-31 and for Liverpool 1831-47, when he sue. 
his father. He was Lord Privy Seal 1855-7, Vice-Pres. of the Council 
1874. He died 1882. She died 1859. 

8 Lady Bute, Frances, 2nd dau. of Thomas Coutts ; mar. as his 2nd 
wife, John, 1st Marq. of Bute (who died 1814). She died 1832. 



1824] BON-TON INTELLIGENCE 8li 

recover, with trepanned Skull, broken Jaw, and all sorts 
of horrors. He has recovered his senses, and recollec- 
tion of all previous to his accident, but of all that, has 
not the smallest idea. 

" The latest piece of Bon Ton intelligence that I have 
heard is the Annonce of the marriage of Lady J. Paget l 
with Lord F. Conyngham, for which they have my full 
Consent." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BBOOK STREET, April 13th. 

" I really take joy on the wretched Oeckner's jaw 
being at last so easily unlocked. Think only of the 
poor Wrightson's which could not be set on account of 
the jar to the fractured Skull, it has therefore been 
actually put together with Carpenter's Glue. 

" They say Lord De Dunstanville, 8 another of the 
Septuagenarians or I believe almost an Octogenaire, 
certainly marries Miss Lemon. 1 

" I heard the other day an Enigma on the Rolle * 
marriage, which I almost think I sent in my last, but will 
run the risk of writing it over again. 

" How happens it that Rolle at seventy-two, 
Stale Rolle ! Louise to the Altar led ? 
The case is neither strange nor new, 
She took the Rolle for want of Bread. 

" Now fair thee well, my dearest pray make my 
Souvenirs to all who have not long ago given me their 
Oublis, and with Love & Kisses to all the Dear, Dears, 
believe me, 

" Ever, Ever yours." 

i See p. 309. 

* Francis Basset, 1st Baron de Dunstanville ; mar. 1780, Frances, 
dau. of John Hipperley-Cox, by whom he had one only daughter, 
Frances, b. 1781. 

3 Miss Lemon, dau. of Sir William Lemon, whose sister mar. 1796, 
Sir John Davis, 8th Bart. 

4 Ld. Rolle, born 1756 ; created a Baron 1796 ; mar 1st, 1778, Judith, 
dau. and heir of Henry Waldron of Bovey in co. Devon. She died 
1820. He mar. 2ndly in 1822, Louisa, dau. of 17th E. Clinton. She 
died aged 91 in 1885. He d.s.p. 1842. 

21 



B12 THE DRAWING-ROOM [CHAP, xvl 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, May 4th. 

" The putting off the Drawing-room, after a Medically 
signed Bulletin, which could only state that ' His 
Majesty had been much indisposed with the epidemic 
complaint, but was now better ' has given much dis- 
satisfaction, I heard however, last night that there were 
to be a succession of Balls at St. James' in lieu of 
Drawing-rooms & this would, I suppose, be accepted as a 
very good compromise. 

" The new Apartment is, indeed very magnificent, 
& great attention seems to have been given to the 
making the Entree and Sortie as commodious as possible, 
but so long as there is only one Drawing-room in the 
Season the Crowd must always make it quite a Bear- 
garden. They are trying to make some new regulations 
about the Presentations, that there may be something 
like God-fathers and God-mothers to those who come 
to claim a Royal Bow or Salute, but I doubt how any 
thing like ancien regime on that subject can be resumed. 
The Duchess of Argyle's l dress has been sometime 
exhibited at the Milliners, the train alone of it cost 
200, and with that there is a report in circulation of an 
evil design to arrest her Grace even in that identical 
dress and at that critical moment for a debt of 2500 ! ! 
to another Artiste. . . ." 

The Same 

" May 18th. 

" The one object which is at this moment occupying 
the Town is the question of the Drawing-room on 
Thursday, which however I cannot myself but believe 
will, tant bien que mal, certainly take place. The idea 
is that He will come in for a very short time, and then 
retiring leave it to Princess Augusta. The regulations 
which you will see in the Newspapers with regard to 
the Presentations will perhaps make it rather less like 

1 Caroline Elizabeth, Duchess of Argyll, dau. of 4th E. of Jersey. She 
mar. 1796, Henry, 2nd E. of Uxbridge, 1st Marq. of Anglesey, by 
whom she had eight children. The mar. was dissolved in 1810, when 
she mar. George, 6th D. of Argyll. He d.s.p. 1839. She died 1835. 



1824] THE DRAWING-ROOM 813 

a bear-garden than usual, but still the Crowd must 
be immense and the Apartments are certainly very 
handsome and the arrangements for the Entre*, and 
Sortie as good as possible, but what I very seriously 
lament, is the tracing in everything and on every occa- 
sion such an unaccountable determination on the part 
of the King to withdraw himself to the very utmost 
from every eye. I have just now received a note tell- 
ing me that not a creature is to be admitted to stand 
in the outward rooms to see him go by, and at Windsor 
when a party are seeing the Castle, they forbid to turn 
their Eyes to the Window, lest the King should be 
passing under it. What all this can mean it is impos- 
sible to guess, but certainly it must keep up a jealous 
suspicion in John Bull that all is not right. 

" The Duchess of Argyle cannot be refused entre"e to 
the Drawing-Room (even if they meant to do so, which 
I do not know) having claimed a right to be presented 
to him at Edinburgh on titre de POffice, Lady Gwydir * 
and the Duchess of Athol * both refuse to stand God- 
mothers to her. 

" I have not the least idea of the King's crossing the 
Water this Summer further than the Isle of Wight, or 
some such pleasure Boat expedition. 

" We are in the midst of Northumberland Assemblies, 
which take place every week and are to be repeated 
to the number of 4 or 5. The decorations, particularly 
of the staircase are very splendid and bespeak a most 
becoming profusion of expence, all of which one has 
the satisfaction of knowing is scattered about over 
our own land ; but the Spaces are by no means strik- 
ing, at least not in the upper Apartments which is all 
I have seen yet, and which consist after all of only 
four Rooms, two large and two small, with the lower 
one however they mean to open the great Gallery 
which we are told is 100 ft. long by 60, and remains in 
Statu quo, white & gold panels with pictures." 

1 Lady Gwydyr. Lady Priscilla Bertie,' dau. and co-h. of 3rd D. of 
Ancaster. She became, on the death of her brother, the 4th and 
last Duke, Baroness Willoughby d'Eresby (1779). She died 1828. 

* Marjorie, Duchess of Atholl, dau. of James, 16th Ld. Forbes, and 
widow of Ld. Macleod ; mar. as his second wife 1794, John, 4th D. 
of Atholl. She died 1842. 



314 NORTHUMBERLAND HOUSE PARTIES [CHAP, xvi 
From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BBOOK STBEET, May 25th. 

" The latest Event which I have to transmit is the 
Birth of the Heir of Oakley Park, which was in due 
form announced to us at an early hour this morning. 
I am very glad of it inasmuch as it was an object very 
ardently wished by the Parents, and of much importance 
to Mr. R. Clive, 1 with respect to money arrangements. 
The rest of the noble Parente are in high health, and at 
the very Acme of pride and glory at the out-turn of all 
the Northumberland House magnificence, with which 
they have, of course, all been entirely occupied and 
have indeed every reason to be gratified. The last 
Performance took in, I fancy, the whole of the visiting 
list, a thousand was the number said to be invited, and 
I suppose 8 or 900 must have presented themselves. 
Lady Harriet gave her two Tickets of patronage to 
Fanny Hayman, and the Biddulphs, and Watkin his, 
to the Warden and his wife, all very proper and very 
acceptable. 

" The Gallery is certainly the handsomest company 
Room I ever saw, it is 110 ft. long and I think, 35 high. 
The whole of the Ornaments are white & Gold and 
the Ceiling particularly, is uncommonly rich, which 
you will believe when I tell you that the gilding alone, 
(the Duke not having added a single Ornament to the 
Room) is said by Cundy to have cost above 3000. 
This eclipsed, in a degree the splendour of the new 
Apartments at St. James' which for two days was 
almost the only subject of genteel conversation. They 
are certainly very fine, and singularly well arranged 
for Entrance and Exit, but so long as the whole con- 

1 Robert Clive, 2nd B. of 1st Ld. Powis (brother to Lady Harriet 
Williams Wynn), mar. 1819, Lady Harriet, daughter and co-h. of 
Other Hickman, 6th E. of Plymouth and Baron Windsor. On the 
death of her brother the 6th and last E. of Plymouth, the Barony 
of Windsor fell into abeyance between her and her sister Maria, wife 
of 3rd Marq. of Downshire. This lady dying in 1855, without issue, 
the abeyance terminated in favour of Lady Harriet Clive, who became 
Baroness Windsor, and was succeeded at her death in 1869 by her 
grandson Robert, created E. of Plymouth, 1914. Her son, born 
May 24th, 1824, Robert Windsor Clive, was M.P. for Ludlow and 
Salop ; mar. 1852, Lady Mary Selina Bridgeman, dau. of 2nd E. of 
Bradford. He died 1859. 



1824] THE DRAWING-ROOM 315 

tents of this town and City are to be summoned into 
them at once, the result must always be that of a Bear- 
garden instead of a Court. My vis-a-vis the Duchess 
of Argyle did certainly exhibit her singed reputation 
with no small degree of pomp and triumph, attended 
by his Grace of Richmond, 1 in all their State Liveries 
etc. and by the carriage of Lord Anglesea, bringing her 
three other daughters, and handed up-stairs by Lord 
and Lady F. Conyngham, I think no Mother went with 
a prouder train. 

" Every body agreed that the King looked well, but 
he is certainly very weak on his legs, tho' he really 
did, as they said, stand on them from 2, till near 4 
o'clock, without availing himself of a very high Chair 
which was placed behind him, but his sitting down in 
the beau millieu of the Circle would have had a far 
less bad effect than his sulking as he does from the eye 
of John Bull. One of the most extraordinary Phe- 
nomenons at the Drawing-room was the Appearance of 
Lord Carysfort, 8 who came there in full array with his 
Collar etc. marched in quite alone, and went off in the 
same way just like any body else, nothing can be so 
inconceivable and unaccountable as his powers and 
infirmities. Adieu, dearest, I have gossiped on longer 
than I intended & now am obliged to break off abruptly, 
with every good wish and blessing that an old but still 
warm heart can offer." 



From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BKOOK STREET, June 1st. 

" At Whitehall all is returning to its usual train 
and losing apace the character of sick restraint. Mary 
is still however so weak as to express doubts of her 
being able to undertake Stowe, but at the same time 
so much reluctance to abandon it, that I have little 
hope of her prudence prevailing. What the mass is 

i Charles, 3rd D. of Richmond born 1791 ; mar. 1817, Caroline, 
dau. of 1st Ld. Anglesey (and of the Duchess of Argyll). He died 1860. 
She died 1874. 

Lord Carysfort was 73. He died 1828. 

8 Where Charles Williams Wynn lived. 



316 THE CHRISTENING AT STOWE [CHAP, xvi 

to be made up of I know not, but the Duke l announces 
that his Parlour mess mates for the 5 days will amount 
to 90. Some of whom however, are to be bedded at 
Buckingham. I sadly fear, however, that, as generally 
happens on such occasions, there will be much heart- 
burnings from the exclusiveness which I fear extends 
to all married Members of the Fortescue family. To 
some, it would perhaps have been difficult for him to 
have drawn a line, but I lament that it should so be on 
account of my Sister." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BBOOX STBEET, June 22nd. 

" You will not have been disappointed my dearest 
Henry at receiving a blank Literary last week, if you 
had previously calculated on our Stowe Junket which 
has fully occupied the last seven days, and of which I 
shall forthwith give you a rsum while the impression 
is still warming my tepid imagination. We all met as 
we were bid to do on the Monday preceding yesterday, 
when I say all, however, I must mention our great dis- 
appointment in learning on Sunday that our Good 
Watkin had been laid hold of the day before by his old 
Enemy St. Anthony, and was confined to his couch, 
but still bent on setting out the next day, this was of 
course out of the question, but on the afternoon of 
Tuesday he coaxed Sir Henry ' to allow him to go, and 
late in the evening he arrived to the great satisfaction 
of the party, and particularly of the Duchess, 1 who 

1 The D. of Buckingham (Lady Williams Wynn's nephew), who 
was inviting his party to celebrate the christening of his grandson, 
afterwards 3rd and last D. of Buckingham, born September 10th, 
1823 : he mar. 1st, 1851, Caroline, only dau. of Robert Harvey, of 
Langley Park, Bucks, by whom he had three daughters ; he mar. 
2nd, 1885, Alice, dau. of Sir Graham Montgomery, by whom he had 
no children. He died 1889, when the Barony of Kinloss (which came 
into the family through the wife of the 1st Duke) devolved upon his 
daughter, Lady Mary, wife of Major Morgan, who assumed the 
additional surname of Grenville. 

Sir Henry Halford. 

* Duchess of Buckingham : Lady Anna Brydges, de jure Baroness 
Kinloss, only dau. and h. of James, 3rd D. of Chandos. She mar. 
1796, Richard, 2nd Marq. and 1st D. of Buckingham and Chandos, 
She died 1836. 



1824] THE CHRISTENING AT STOWE 817 

with more warmth than usually belongs to her, lamented 
him as * the darling Watkin whose absence would 
throw a gloom over everything.' Lord Braybroke like- 
wise fell off and so did Catherine of course, and like- 
wise so did Lady Jane, and poor Neville, who has been 
seriously ill with a bilious attack, but is now quite 
well again, tho' unable to attack so very large a party. 
As it was, I think the numbers mustered above 50, 
on Monday night, consisting of all the worthy family, 
excepting those whom I have named, and the married 
branches of the Fortescues, none of whom were asked, 
to the Kings l and to the Ebringtons the exclusion is 
obvious, to the two others, (the Wilbrahams * and 
Hamlyn Williams 1 ) the reason assigned was their not 
having troubled themselves to give the general token 
of affinity by a letter of congratulation on the Birth of 
the young Hero, but perhaps the reason might have 
been to avoid too strong a mark of particular hostility 
to the two others, but in truth one of the very positive 
reasons, as good as the other 99, was the impossibility 
of lodging more. As it was the whole almost of the 
Bachelor Gallery was occupied by Ladies, and the 
young men quartered for Beds in the Duke's houses in 
Buckingham. Our extraneous Guests were Lord and 
Lady Breadalban,' Lady Elizabeth Campbell, and two 
more of the name & Clan, Sir G. & Lady Nugent, 5 Master 
& Miss ; old Lady Lyttelton,' why or wherefore nobody 

1 Hester, eldest dau. oi 1st E. Fortescue ; mar. 1804, Peter, 7th 
Ld. King. She died 1873. 

J Anne, 3rd dau. of 1st E. Fortescue, mar. 1814, George Wilbra- 
ham, of Delamere House, co. Chester. She died 1864. 

1 Mary, 4th dau. of 1st E. Fortescue; mar. 1823, Sir James Hamlyn 
Williams, 3rd Bart. She died 1874. 

* John, 4th E. and 1st Marq. of Breadalbane | born 1762; mar. 
1793, Mary Turner, dau. and co-h. of David Gairn, of Langton. She 
died 1845. He died 1834. Their 2nd dau., Mary, mar. 1819, Richard 
Plantagenet, Marq. of Chandos, s. of 1st D. of Buckingham, afterwards 
2nd Duke. She died 1862. 

5 Gen. Sir George Nugent, 1st Bart. ; born 1757 ; mar. 1797, Maria, 
dau. of Cortlandt Skinner, Att.-Gen. of New Jersey, N. America. Their 
eldest a., afterwards Sir George, 2nd Bart., was born 1802, sue. at his 
father's death in 1840. Their eldest dau., Louisa, mar. November 
1824, Sir Thomas Fremantle, afterwards 1st Ld. Cottesloe. 

Lady Lyttelton, Appia, 2nd dau. of Broome Witts, of Chipping 
Norton, and widow of Joseph Peach, Governor of Calcutta ; she mar. 
1772, Thomas, 2nd Ld. Lyttelton, wb,o died. 1779, without issue, 
She died 1840, 



818 THE CHRISTENING AT STOWE [CHAP, xvi 

knows or could make out, excepting the Duke & 
Duchess' having met her at Malvern & being in her 
society in the first moment of Ebulletion on hearing of 
the birth of the Boy ; Leighs * of course in number, but 
not too many as they seem all pleasing and good- 
humoured, with young Bunny's wife, we every one old 
& young, Male and Female, fell in love. One Miss 
Pigott * was lodged in order to supply a room for dress- 
ing for the rest of the family, who were at Buckingham, 
and a similar arrangement was made for the Free- 
mantlery,'for short of the number lodged my shortest 
way of giving them to your computation, will be by 
telling you that Mrs. Nicholson, the old Housekeeper, 
to whom I was making my compliments, yesterday 
morning, told me that she had on the Saturday previous 
to our arrival given out 150 pairs of Sheets to prepare 
the beds, & on the Monday following had added 40 pairs 
more, most of these carried^double and many I doubt 
not treble. Of the servants in waiting~not one, as the 
Duke told me had their cloathes off from the Monday 
to the Saturday. Indeed that part was quite wonder- 
fully done, and so was every part, but la Cuisine where 
we failed as usual, tho' much was to have been expected 
from the fortunate circumstance of his own performers 
being sick and 3 London ones invited down to supply 
his place. Gunter, was as usual in great force, and his 
department was particularly well executed. We dined 
from 100 to 112 in the Gallery & the Music room, and 
very, very, handsome the decorations of both Tables 
were in every respect excepting the Centre of that in 
the Gallery, which was occupied by a most unfortunate 
large unmeaning Group of Gilt plaister of Paris being 
a model of an immense Fountain which the Duke pro- 
posed having executed at Paris but of which the estimate 
was so enormous that the Duke wrote the Artiste word 
that without the addition of the River Pactolus in ' pro- 
pria persona,' the effiges of the others were quite out 

1 Leighs of Stoneleigh. 

The Pigotts of Dodderehall. 

3 The family of Admiral Sir Thomas Fremantle, who died 1822. 
His son, Sir Thomas, mar. Louisa, dau. of Gen. Sir G. Nugent (see 
above). He was created 1st Baron Cottosloe in 1874, and died at the 
age of 02 in 1890. 



1824] THE CHRISTENING AT STOWE 319 

of his reach. So here comes the frightful model, costing 
Heaven knows what, and mounted upon a double 
black Plinth, covering a space of nearly five feet of 
table-cloth and leaving barely room for a Salt cellar 
as the Centre flank dish. Altogether it was a most 
horrid piece of lumber, nor is it possible to find a spot 
or destination to which it could be, even negatively, 
applied. The Christening took place in the Church on 
the Tuesday Morning, and seven Christian Names were 
imposed on a pale & slight looking Child, but who, I 
hope will grow equal to the burden. I suppose the 
Newspapers will give them, but lest they should not, 
I will fill my last line with them, ' Richard, Plantagenet, 
Grenville, Campbell, Chandos, Nugent, Temple.' 

" A quoi bon, Christening the little innocent with all 
his Titles, I know not, but if they like it, and that he 
becomes a ' ready writer ' it matters not, the News- 
papers made me God-mother, but it was Lady Breadal- 
ban, and My Lord and Uncle Tom were God-fathers. 

" To my old fashioned notions the very quiet way 
in which the Toast of the day was given by the dear 
Duke, and received by his Company, was quite painful, 
but truth & honest truth to say, the perfect frigidity 
of the young couple, 1 & the neglect on our part, of their 
belongings threw quite a damp on all the ' sensibilities 
of the heart.' The one and only object to Lord Chandos 
was his Yeomanry, and they were so paraded about 
and made so much too prominent throughout the whole 
Gala that I was quite disgusted. 

" The dear good Host left nothing undone to mark 
the occasion to every human Being. The day of the 
Christening, every Tenant, Yeoman, etc. within reach 
were invited to the house and danced and supped to 
the number of 1100, in a large temporary room attached 
to the house with the addition of one of the large Ordi- 
nance Tents, sent down by the Duke of Wellington for 
the purpose, On the Wednesday there were Yeomanry 
Races to which the Duke gave three Cups, one the 
Christening Cup, gilt and really beautiful, in the Even- 

1 Ld.B and Lady Chandoa (for Lady Chandos see Breadalbane. 
She died 1861). Ld. Chandos succeeded his father as 2nd D. of 
Buckingham and Chandos in 1839 and died 1862, 



320 THE CHRISTENING AT STOWE [CHAP, xvi 

ing was a Lottery for all the Ladies and dancing, on 
the Thursday was an Archery Meeting in which no- 
thing was wanting but a magnet to draw your Arrows 
to the Targets, which were almost wholly unwounded, 
and Mary Williams Wynn l by two random shots had 
the good luck to carry off both the Prizes. In the 
Evening there were most beautiful Fire-works on the 
water, and a Ball for all the Servants. On the Friday 
there was again a Rifle Shooting for the Yeomanry with 
Prizes and in the Evening a fancy dress Ball, which 
lasted till 5 in the morning, with a very few very good 
Masks. Besides this there was a set of Singers to fill 
up gaps and a Ventriloquist etc. So that certainly 
there was no lack of amusements. The morning after 
the Christening there arrived a most superb Mantle of 
Gold and Silver Brocade with a Blue and Silver border 
and a magnificent gold Fringe all round it, a present 
sent from Dublin by Lord Wellesley.' This of course 
gave great pleasure to the Duke and will I doubt not 
have been very gratifying to Lord Grenville, in truth 
there could not have been a more pleasing testimony 
of remembrance and respect. 

" The pattern was a repetition of Rose, Shamrock, 
& Thistle, which are all individually united in the little 
great personage. His sister is a nice little girl, and the 
Boy has fine large black Eyes, which I daresay will 
make him well looking, but he is not so stout at present 
as one could wish. . . ." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, July 13th. 

"It is always a great pleasure to me, dearest, when 
I can think that my old pen can convey to you any 
degree of amusement & as such I rejoice to hear by 
yours of the 1st inst. received yesterday, that mine was 
your first Gazette of the Stowe festivities. I have 

1 Charles Williams Wynn's daughter, afterwards Mrs. Milnos Gaskell. 

1 Richard, Marq. Wellesley, s. of 1st E. of Mornington and eldest 
brother to the D. of Wellington; born 1760; Gov.-Gen. of India; 
twice Ld.-Lieut. of Ireland ; mar. 1st, 1794, Hyacinthe, dau. of 
Monsieur Roland, by whom, who died 1816, he had no legitimate issue. 
He mar. 2ndly, 1825, Marianne, dau. of Richard Paton, U.S.A., and 
widow of Robert Patterson, She died 1853, He died 1842, 



1824] LONDONDERRY HOUSE 321 

myself been enough abroad to be, well aware of how 
often one suffers by the fear of one's Correspondents of 
repeating a before-told Tale, which to the reader is cer- 
tainly a much less evil, than not having it at all. 

'' The idea of the permanent & vengeful spell thrown 
over the Cuisine of the proprietors of Stowe, amuses 
me much, I can certainly speak to it in 3 successive 
Generations & I hear there are strong symptoms of its 
passing on still further. The noble science of Gastron- 
omic has been quite the genteel Topic of the last week, 
owing to the opening of the Dining-room in the new 
Hertford House, in which a French Artiste for the 
dinner, & an Italian one for the Desert, were supposed 
to have surpassed anything ever produced in their re- 
spective Branches. The House is as magnificently 
furnished as possible, and all with English manufacture. 
Everything, however, in the shape of expence must 
shrink to insignificance when compared to that of Lord l 
and Lady Londonderry. 1 She opened her half finished 
Suite the other night without Balustrade to the Stair- 
case, or Balcony to the windows, but, as people were 
assured, with plenty of Feather-beds laid below to 
receive those suffering by ' faux pas,' which arrange- 
ment might seem to the wicked, equally adapted to 
cause or affect, but as yet, like other precautions, they 
appear to have had no suite, either en bien ou mal. 
Lord Londonderry is not content with having gutted 
the whole of Lord Middleton's house, & added another 
story to part of it, but is likewise, as it is said in treaty 
for the next house to throw into it. With all this 
however, the report Is that of * Ready,' there is an 
absolute and entire stop, which nothing but such insane 
waste of money as his is said to have been, could, with 
his incalculable great Income render credible." 

1 Ld. Londonderry, 3rd Marq. ; born 1778 ; mar. 1st, 1804, 
Catherine, dau. of John, 3rd E. of Darnley. She died 1812. He mar. 
2ndly, 1819, Frances Anne, dau. and h. of Sir Harry Vane Tempest, 
and assumed the additional surname of Vane. (Her mother was Anne, 
eld. dau. and co-h. of William, 6th E. of Antrim, and became on her 
father's death Countess of Antrim, which title passed, in accordance 
with the limitations of the patent, on her death in 1834, to her sister 
Lady Charlotte Kerr.) Ld. Londonderry had sue. his half-brother the 
2nd Marq. (Ld. Castlereagh) in 1821, He died 1854. Lady London- 
derry died 1865, 



322 THE VOYAGE TO ALNWICK [CHAP, xvi 

From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" July 20th, 1824. 

" Watkin & Lady Harriet set off most gallantly with 
the Duke & Duchess of N. 1 and Mr. & Mrs. Henry Clive * 
to make their way to Alnwick per Steam Vessel by 
which, they were in less than 48 hours, to perform 
their five days journey. The first and only report 
however, which has yet arrived, stated the two Sisters 
as being both of them driven to their Beds, but if 
when there, they were able to sleep and forget their 
miseries, (as was stated) they will comparatively have 
little to complain of." 

From Lady W. W. to Henry W. W. W. 

" DBOPMOBE, July 29th. 

" I heard once from Lady Harriet since their Voyage 
to Alnwick, and a more piteous picture, even Matthews 
himself could not draw of the detail. They were nearly 
52 hours on board, above 40 of which was passed by 
the Duchess, herself and all their female Attendants, 
in the extreme of woe, which she says was, as long as 
she was capable of knowing anything, receiving the 
greatest possible aggrevation by seeing all the Males 
of the party devouring Turtle Soup, Pasties, iced 
Wines, etc., with a zeal and perseverance actuated, I 
suppose, by the desire of maintaining a just Equilibrium 
in the Vessel, by adding thereby as much Balast as the 
Ladies were throwing over board. I think even Wat- 
kin's perseverance, will hardly be sufficient to induce 
Lady Harriet to put herself again soon into such a 
predicament. She gives a most splendid account of 
their landing at Alnemouth, where all the population 
was turned out to receive their Graces, arriving in so 
new a shape, and every demonstration of joy put forth 
at their having escaped the perils of the Ocean." 

1 D. and Duchess of Northumberland (Lady Harriet Williams Wynn's 
sister and brother-in-law). 

* Hon. Henry Clive, 3rd s. of 5th E. of Plymouth; born 1768; 
mar. 1798, Anne, dau. of Thomas Copson. He sue. his brother the 
6th Earl as 7th and last Earl of that creation in 1837, and d.s.p. 1843, 



1824] LAMPORT AND HILLESDEN PROPERTIES 323 

The Same 

" VALE ROYAL, October 9th, 1824. 

" The Annonce of your immediate Recall and of your 
new Appointment l at three months date appears to 
me to leave you precisely in the predicament " between 
two stools," the result of which is proverbially known 
to be tjie reverse of elevation. Your Uncle, however, 
assures me that such a result can never be intended, 
and that in some way or another it will be prevented, 
which I hope will be the case. 

" I am very glad your visit to Munich turned out so 
agreable, and as you are so soon to leave Stuttgard, the 
contrast will not so much signify, tho' certainly from 
your description it appears to be as strong as a com- 
parason between two extremes could render it. Your 
account of the Royal Salute to dear Hester's Bonnet de 
Nuit, has amused us to the greatest degree, and is quite 
' incroyable.' Of the Court at Copenhagen, I have 
tried in vain to pick up some ideas by applying to 
every odd body whom I meet with, it seems to me as if 
as little was known of it as of Pekin. You will be glad 
to hear that the Duke of Buckingham has just now 
had the great delight of signing and sealing for the 
purchase, not only of the Lamport Estate, (old DayrelFs) 
which you know comes up close to the Gothic Building, 
but likewise of the whole of Mr. Coke's property at 
Hillesdon which has been a constant temptation to the 
Breach of the 10th Commandment to the possessor of 
Stowe, time out of mind, and which from political 
feelings Mr. C. was so anxious to keep out of their 
hands, that, in proposing the purchase to the Gentle- 
man thro' whom it was privately negotiating for the 
Duke, he expressed in the strongest terms, a Caution 
never to let it get into his hands. The Duke has bought 
it with the money for which he sold Gosfield, and 
written word to your Uncle 2 that he has improved his 
Rent Roll by it, 3600 pr. ann. I believe it includes 
the presentation to the Living of Buckingham, but at 
all events it makes everything quite sure and safe 

1 To Copenhagen. Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville. 



324 GEORGE CIIOLMONDELEY'S MARRIAGE [CHAP.XVI 

there, and gives him a beautiful property lying just 
between Stowe and Wotton." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" VALE ROYAL, October 2nd, 1825. 

" I must open my little budget, with the news of 
Old George Cholmondley's * Marriage, tho' I can hardly 
flatter myself with the hope of being the first to an- 
nounce it to you. The happy fair is Lord Sydney's 
2nd daughter, their relative ages being 73 & 29 ! I 
Lord Delamere says he is not one to object to a certain 
degree of difference, but that this really does pass all 
permission & what adds not a little to one's surprise is 
that the Lady actually has by some odd chance an 
independant fortune of 45,000, & is of an age when 
she might reflect & certainly need not despair. It came 
upon us at once in its full force being notified by Lord 
Braybrooke, who is asked by Lord Sydney to be trustee 
to the Marriage Settlements, I hope all due care will 
be taken to provide for the issue which I have no doubt 
will come like Moreton Pitt's, 8 by doublets. It is 
really quite disgusting to look at such a poor old 
withered Being attired in the Saffron robe thrown over 
his flannel Bedgown, but after all the Speculation is 
certainly on his side not a bad one, & he may once 
more describe himself most justly as tottering (not 
standing) between the Grave & the Altar. 

" We returned yesterday from Madeley Manor where 
we have had a very agreeable Visit. Our party con- 
sisted of Grevilles ' in large quantities, such as old 
Charles * & Lady Charlotte,' Lord & Lady Francis 

1 George Cholmondeley, s. of Rev. Robert Cholmondeley and his wife 
Mary Woffington ; born 1752 ; mar. 1st in 1790, Marcia, dau. of John 
Pitt, of Enscomb, Dorset (by whom he had one son, George). She 
died 1808. He mar. 2ndly, 1814, Catherine, dau. of Sir Philip Francis. 
She d.s.p. 1823. He mar. 3rdly, October 4th, 1825, Hon. Mary, dau. 
of John, 2nd Vise. Sydney, by whom he had one dau. 

1 William Moreton Pitt, M.P., of Kingston House, Dorset, mar. 
Margaret, dau. of John Gambier. His sister Marcia was George 
Cholmondeley's first wife (see above). 

8 Mr. Charles Greville, s. of Fulke Greville, of Wellow, Wilts ; born 
1762 ; mar. 1793, Lady Charlotte, dau. of 3rd D. of Portland. 
She died 1862. He died 1832. His daughter Harriet mar. 1822, Ld. 
Francis Leveson (2nd s. of 1st D. of Sutherland), raised to the 
Peerage as E. of Ellesmere in 1846. 



1825] MADELEY MANOR 325 

Leveson & Mr. & Mrs. Morier, besides which we had 
the last day our London neighbour Lord Dudley who 
fortunately was my chum at dinner & was very talky 
and odd. The House is super excellent and so it 
well may be having been built from the ground on the 
joint taste of Harrison & Cunliffe, & having cost 12,000 
to defray all which Lord Crewe cut down all out of 
sight Timber upon the Estate only, & put in his 
daughter & son-in-law rent free, including Garden etc. 
Of course they have to furnish it, & lay out the Grounds 
which really are very much above par in point of beauty 
surrounded with hills & woods, & with what will be, 
when done a very handsome piece of Water with a 
Trout Stream running thro' it. The House consists of 
a remarkably comfortable Drawing-room 49 feet long 
opening into a smaller, et puis a very good eating room, 
billiard, etc. etc. sitting-room for Mr. C. & two Bed- 
chambers all on the ground floor, Hall & very handsome 
Staircase included, so you may guess there is no lack of 
lodging, but what is most surprising is the celerity 
with which it has been done, having been actually 
inhabited in 18 months from the time of laying the 
first stone. The wonder however lessens when one 
hears that there were 80 men employed at once in the 
building. Lord Crewe' s surrounding Estate is 6000 
pr. an. of which Mr. C. may of course rent whatever he 
likes, so that you may believe he is pretty much Grand 
Seigneur & certainly very much Maitre Cordonnier. 
She was, as indeed I have always found her, courteous 
& even more, I should say kind, & agreable to the 
greatest degree, & the Grevilles have, all of them, very 
much the talent of society, so that I enjoyed my junket 
really very much. They took us one day to Trentham 
which disappointed me very much. There are certainly 
some very handsome rooms, & very good external 
objects, but there was a general air of tristesse both 
within & without which I could not well account for. 
What pleased me most was in going away seeing the 
covered Shed for the reception of the weary Traveller 
with a good table in the middle at which we saw two 
men & a woman quite decently & respectably dressed 
sitting eating their Maunchet of bread & cheese or meat, 



826 CREWE HALL [CHAP xvl 

& with their respective mugs of Beer in their hands. 
This Custom is, I fancy, of very old standing but is 
kept up only when the family are there. I am afraid 
to say to how many thousands the list of those so fed 
amounted to last year when Lord Stafford was down 
only for a very few months. I think my brother 
told me nine thousand. Perhaps, by the by,! you re- 
member his speaking of it. On our return hither the 
whole party accompanied us to Crewe Hall which I had 
great curiosity to see, not having been half over the 
house when I was there last, & that being 20 years ago. 
We were very much gratified in walking it all over, it 
being, I fancy, a unique Specimen of a building of that 
date remaining so much in its original State, & having 
been so very rich in ornament. Harriet was quite in 
love with all the old Ceilings & odd beasts. The Stair- 
case put me in mind of course of that which gave you 
so much trouble to draw, but I think, when we saw it, 
it was painted white which is more Analogous to 
its date than the light bright modern Oak colour 
now put upon it. Lord Crewe was absent otherwise 
we could not have taken Mr. Greville & Lady Charlotte 
with whom He is not on Terms, I ought to have told 
you that on our return from Trentham we stopped at 
Keel where we saw 3 or 4 of our Sneyd relations & a 
very curious old front of a house. But what struck 
me most was the sudden apparition of a long black 
woman who turned out to be the Duchess Dow. of 
Newcastle whom I had not seen I believe, for 40 years 
& who claimed me as an Intimate. 

" God bless you my ever ever dearly loved." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" LLANQEDWYN, October 22nd, 23rd, 1825. 

" I suppose, you will, at Munich have fallen in with 

a long arrear of English Newspapers which will have 

been a great treat. In them you will have seen the 

premature return of your friend Captain Parry l owing 

1 Capt. Parry, afterwards Sir William, Knt. and Adm. ; born 1790; 
entered Navy 1803; commanded three expeditions of discovery 
to the Arctic Seas 1819-20, 1821-23, 1824 to October 1825; mar. 
Isabella, dau. of Sir John Stanley, 1st Baron, 1826. He died 1855. 






1825] PASSING EVENTS OF THE DAY 327 

to his Consort Ship ' The Fairy's ' having been wrecked 
& his being thereby obliged to crowd his own vessel 
with her crew & stores, with which he was too much 
encumbered to proceed. I own I cannot but rejoice at 
their being returned from an Expedition from which no 
one benefit was ever anticipated, but a display of 
Englishman's daring & enterprize which wanted no 
further confirmation. It is a wonderful testimony to 
all the attention & expence in fitting out these 2 Vessels, 
that in the course of two years of such service, but one 
single life has been lost & that from a Casuality. I 
give you all detail on the general principle of its being 
unfair to friends at a distance to trust to their picking 
up even public events as we do at home, & knowing 
how much you have always interested yourself in this 
expedition. Among the passing events of the Day the 
most prominent is the Announcement of Lady Georgina 
Ryder's l Marriage with Mr. S. Wortley, 1 which is as 
you will believe matter of the greatest rejoicing at 
Sandon. Next comes a far less pretty one between 
Lord Wellesley & Madame Jerome ne'e Paterson which 
is said to be certainlysettled & to which the Cholmondleys 
will say * heartily welcome Sir ; * & then lastly Lady 
Catherine Eliot * with a Mr. Boileau, a perfection with 
4,000 pr. an. Lady A. Maria * announced it to Mrs. 
A. Hayman with great joy, & of course much fun. 
She says she does not herself think the name as pretty 
as Eliot, but that He assures her it is much prettier, 
& that she has nothing to do but to look up Racine. 
After all, she says * Mama's * Grandfather made an 
immense fortune as a Physician in consequence of which 
she has always considered herself as one of the Medici 
family, & his name perhaps was not much more illustre" 
than Boileau, who is some how or another more or 
less Pollen to boot.' Charlotte has perhaps written 
you word of their having been (I suppose moyennant 

1 John Stewart Wortley, afterwards 2nd Ld. Wharncliffe ; mar. 
1825, Lady Georgina Ryder, 3rd dau. of 1st Ld. Harrowby. 

* Lady Catherine, dau. of 1st E. of Minto ; mar. 1825, Mr. Boileau, 
afterwards 1st Bart, of Tacolnestone. She died 1862. He died 1869. 

3 Lady Anna Maria, eld. dau. of 1st E. of Minto ; mar. 1832, Lt.-Gen. 
Sir Ruffane Shawe Donkin, K.C.B. She died 1855. 

* Lady Minto waa the dau. of Sir George Amyand, Bart. 

22 



828 MR. THOMPSON OF WAVERLEY ABBEY [CHAP, xvi 

Lady Jones) able to trace the origin & out turn of one 
of those strange Matrimonial advertisements which 
one always supposes to be the production of some such 
Author as G. G Ue but who in this instance was a Mr. 
Thompson of Waverley Abbey Surrey, & who not only 
asked, but was answered by one of the pupils belong- 
ing to the Academy of Music whom he actually married 
& made the Partner of his ll,000-pr. an. What is 
still more comical is that in telling the Story to our 
friend Hayman, I found her an intimate Acquaintance 
of the Gentleman, who gave me all his history. His 
father was a great Russian Merchant, who with the help 
of the late Empress Catherine was supposed to have 
enfante"ed the late Mr. Angerstein, & to have brought & 
settled him in England at his house. Mrs. Hayman 
knows him, Mr. Thompson, & used very often to meet 
him. His first wife was, I fancy, rather ' high ' than 
otherwise, & was more or less the Amie intime of the late 
John Madocks who used to be always running up & 
down to Waverley Abbey & his daughter is Mrs. G. 
Lock. . . . The Gentleman is 70 years old, of the Lady's 
age we may suppose that as a Pupil it cannot be much 
within the Cholmondley Scale. Altogether the Story 
looks long & prosy on paper, & may most probably not 
interest you, but I was amused at having traced so 
many particulars belonging to it, & so I give it to you. 
Mrs. Hayman had a letter while she was here from Lady 
Charlotte Neville written from their new Chateau where 
she is surrounded by all possible Nevilles and Legges 
with the addition of 2 or 3 Fortescues, and is quite in 
a delirium of delight. She says they are at the time 
she writes 50 within the walls, and no man sleeping in 
his neighbours Bedroom, or shaving in his Wife's 
dressing-room. . . . 

" You will probably have seen in the Newspapers much 
report of the Gros Cousin 1 going to India, so much 
smoke can probably not have arisen without some fire, 
but one should not easily believe that surrounded by 
so much of external and domestic comfort as he is, and 
with health so precarious, such a Situation could be, 
to him an Object of Ambition. In politics however as 

1 D, of Buckingham. 



1825] THE BEAV MONDE 329 

in Marriages one learns not to wonder at anything and 
have only to keep one's opinions to one's self." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, November Qth, 1825. 

" We went over one morning last week to Llangollen 
where you know I have never been since Lady Eleanor's 
fruitless operation on her Eyes. I found her therefore 
very much altered but in her usual spirits, & full of 
enquiry and gossip about the Beau Monde. They were 
both of them delighted to see us, & of course expressed 
the greatest anxiety about you. Furthermore Lady 
Eleanor gave me a pint Bottle full of Rose Water of 
* our own make,' N.B. not near so good as Mrs. Motts, 
and Miss Ponsonby presented Charlotte with a smaller 
ditto so flat & thin that she is afraid of punching it in 
two with her finger & thumb. They talk much of the 
Wellesley l Marriage of which Lady Hariett had all 
particulars from Lady Caledon, 1 & among others a 
wonderous difalcation in point of fortune on the side 
of the Lady, she herself having told a friend of Lady 
Caledon's that she had only 60,000 which we have 
since heard is still much over-rating it. Lord Wellesley 
professes his Object in making the marriage to have 
been * purely moral ' for the sake of * preventing that 
profligate Long Wellesley * from ever bearing the im- 
maculate title of Mornington.' Nous verrons, but I 
should be sorry to bet upon the production of an obstacle. 
The young Wilton Heir * has just been Christned quite 

1 Ld. Wellesley 's (2nd) marriage, with Marianne, dau. of Richard 
Caton, U.S.A., and widow of Robert Paterson (whose sister was the 
wife (div.) of J6r6me Bonaparte, Bong of Westphalia), took place on 
October 29th, 1825. He died 1842, and was sue. by his brother 
William, Ld. Maryborough, as 3rd E. of Mornington. 

* Lady Caledon, Catherine, dau. of 3rd E. of Hard wick ; mar. 1811, 
2nd E. of Caledon. She died 1863. 

8 William Pole Tilney Long Wellesley, eldest s. of the above William, 
3rd E. of Mornington ; born 1788 ; mar. 1st in 1812, Catherine, dau. 
and h. of Sir James Tilney Long. She died 1825. He mar. 2ndly, in 
1829, Helena, dau. of Col. Thomas Paterson and widow of Capt. Thomas 
Bligh. She died 1869. He sue. his father as 4th E. of Mornington 
in 1845, and was sue. in 1857 by his eldest son, with whom the Barony 
of Maryborough terminated, the Earldom of Mornington devolving 
on his cousin the 2nd D. of Wellington. 

4 This child died as an infant. 



880 HEIRS OF THE HOUSE OF GROSVENOR [CHAP. XVI 

privately, & I hear the Grosvenor one is to be per- 
formed in the same stile, which, I believe I rather 
approve, tho' how it can be so in the last instance I do 
not understand, as I hear the Corporation of Chester 
are to present a Bason of Massive Gold for the purpose. 
I think it can hardly be bigger than a Thimble, but as 
the Child is not to be submerged it will not signify. 
Lord Bagot 1 has lately been at Eaton, & went from 
thence to P. Park ! taking Grommow with him to im- 
prove & add to the house. This is the first time that 
he has been there since Lady B.'s death." 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" WYNNSTAY, November 16th. 

" The two heirs 3 of the House of Grosvenor are to 
be Christened together at Eaton this next week with- 
out any parade or bustle but they are to have a very 
large party the ensuing week to which your Brother 
and Lady Harriet cum multis aliis are invited. 

" Lord Belgrave ' notified at a Chester Corporation 
Dinner, that his Son was to be Christened * Hugh 
Lupus ' a name born by one of the Ancestors * of his 
family 800 years ago. 1 They say he is a very healthy 
promising child, but not as large as his Cousin Grey B 
who is his senior only by five days. 

" Our last letter from London notified the expecta- 
tion of a young George Cholmondley it will be well, I 



1 Ld. Bagot, William, 2nd Baron ; born 1773 ; mar. 1st in 1799, 
Hon. Emily Fitzroy, dau. of 1st Ld. Southampton. She died 1800. He 
mar. 2ndly, in 1807, Lady Louisa Legge, dau. of 3rd E. of Dartmouth. 
She died 1816. He died in 1856. 

* Pool Park, near Ruthin, Denbighshire. 

8 Hugh Lupus Grosvenor, afterwards 1st D. of Westminster ; mar. 
1st, 1852, Lady Constance, dau. of 2nd D. of Sutherland. He mar. 
2ndly, 1882, Katherine, dau. of 2nd Ld. Chesham. He died 1899. 
The other heir here mentioned is the s. of Thomas, 2nd E. Wilton 
(see p. 276, note 3), who did not survive. 

4 Ld. Belgrave, eld. s. of 1st Marq. of Westminster, afterwards 2nd 
Marq., who mar. 1819, Lady Elizabeth, dau. of 1st D. of Sutherland. 
He died 1869. She died 1891. 

Viscount Grey de Wilton, 2nd title of E. of Wilton, 



1825] DEATH OF THE DUCHESS OF RUTLAND 831 

think, if he does not arrive with a doublet like his 
Cousin Moreton Pitt. 1 

" I see the Newspapers still full of Mrs. Coutts 8 and 
her noble paramour, but Mr. Antrobus, who your 
Brother saw last week in Cheshire told him, that he 
had just had a letter from the Lady saying * I am going 
here there & every where, but am not going to marry 
the Duke of St. Albans.' " ' 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

"WYNNSTAY, December llth, 1825. 

" The event of the Duchess of Rutland's almost 
sudden death made, at the moment, a great sensation, 
but like other such things it is now gone by. So pre- 
mature & hasty a close to a life of such uninterrupted 
dissipation as her's appeared to be, cannot but be 
very awful, & one only hopes such a warning may not 
have been given in vain. The Duke is in the deepest 
affliction, but will, I should think, not remain in his 
widowed state longer than is necessary, as he seems 
to be one who could not live without female Society. 
My Sister & all her family are lodged at Lord Fortes- 
cue's. They were in a great fidgett last week when 
the Duke of Dorset's * house was under the hammer 
knowing that Uncle Tom had actually made up his 
mind to bid for it more than he ought, but it went to 
such a price as to put it out of the question & who think 
you run it up & remained the Purchaser, but Lady 
Bridgewater, who of course would not be out bid, & 
bought it at 18,460, the highest valuation of it having 
been 12,000. I think her quite in the right, as I am 
very sure I should have much preferred it as a habita- 
tion to her own, for which I suppose she will expect half 
as much again. The Strathavern 8 Marriage is, as Mr. 

1 See p. 324. 

a Harriet Mellon, actress, widow of Thomas Coutts the banker. 

8 William, 9th D. of St. Albans ; born 1801; mar. 1st, 1827, 
Harriet, dau. of Matthew Mellon and widow of Thomas Coutts. She 
died 1837. He mar. 2ndly, 1839, Elizabeth, dau. of Gen. Joseph 
Gubbins. He died 1849. 

* Charles, 5th D. of Dorset, bom 1767. 

6 George, Ld. Aboyne, who in 1836 succeeded his kinsman, the 5th 
and last D. of Gordon, to the marquessate of Huntly ; bora 1761 ; 



882 MRS. LLOYE WILLIAMS [CHAP, xvi 

C. Jenkinson * told them at Eaton again at a hitch, 
Lord Aboyne saying that He has since the last time 
of asking paid 10,000 for his Son's debts, & can not 
therefore make his allowance what he then offered, & 
Mr. J. says that for this once he is in the right, supposing 
the fact to be as he states it. I must next digress to 
some Provincial News to fill my Gazette, & tell you of 
Mrs. LI. Williams s having actually lett the Mines at 
Penbedw for 500 a year & the House with them for 
200. Furthermore there is now an advertisement in 
the Chester, offering to sell all the Timber on the un- 
entailed Estates, for which they say she will get at least 
7 or 8,000, & she has sold a property valued at 10,000 
for 24,000, all which it is supposed to make a purse 
for Bergami. She is going to settle in Hampshire 
which I am heartily glad of, that one may not have 
the pain & disgrace of hearing any more of her, but 
it is a striking lesson of the vanity of ' Laying 
field to field ' to think how Mr. Williams starved 
himself & all about him for the sake of extending & 
improving a property which will now be all cut to 
pieces. 

" Of the Gros Cousin's ' strange Object of ambition 
the general opinion is decidedly that he will not attain 
it, & I am sure no one who loves him can wish that he 
should, but he has unfortunately taken it into his head 
that it is to give him health, wealth, & all things most 
desireable, & He is not apt to give up his fancies when 
once they have laid hold of his Mind." 

mar. 1791, Catherine, dau. of Sir Charles Cope. She died 1831. He 
died 1863, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Lord Strathavon 
(10th Marq. of Huntly) ; born 1792 ; mar. 1826, 1st, Lady Elizabeth 
Conyngham, who d.s.p. 1739. He mar. 2ndly, 1844, Maria Antoinette, 
dau. of Rev. P. W. Pegas (and his wife Dow. -Countess of Lindsey). She 
died 1893. He died 1863. 

1 Hon. C. Jenkinson, 2nd s. of 1st E. of Liverpool (and brother to 
2nd Earl, Prime Minister). He was born 1784 ; mar. 1810, Julie, 
dau. of Sir George Shuckburgh-Evelyn, sue. his brother as 3rd E. 
in 1851, and died without male issue 1851. 

* Mrs. Lloyd Williams, widow of the 2nd s. of Richard Williams, of 
Penbedw. Mrs. Williams (the sister to Lady Cotton ne Stapleton) was 
the widow of Watkin the eldest son. He d.s.p. 1808. Mrs. Williams 
died 1824 or 1825, aged 85, and was succeeded at Penbedw by her 
sister-in-law, Mrs. Lloyd Williams. 

The D. of Buckingham. 



1823] LADY BRIDGEWATER 333 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, December 20th, 1825. 

" I told you, I believe in my last, of Lady Bridge- 
water's * having changed her abode, but not of her 
meditating a further change of Situation which the 
gossip of the town reported her to be induced to do by 
our Cousin Lord Chatham. 1 I thought this was merely 
idle talk till I came to town & was told by your Uncle 
Tom that Lord Stafford * spoke of it as a thing which 
he thought very probable. If she likes it, I am sure 
there is nothing to be said against it, & as to him, He 
will certainly be better lodged than in his own single 
house, & I do not think he will ever find her in his 
way, but it still seems to me unlikely that she should 
bring her mind to such a bold step. I find my Vicinage 
here full of new inhabitants, among others Lady Gordon, 
whom you will be glad to find so near a neighbour. 
She is at present in Herefordshire & so are Lady Corn- 
wall & daughters. Mrs. Lewis is still hanging about 
Town waiting on her Son who is however got so decidedly 
better as to be no longer to his sanguined minded Mother 
an Object of Anxiety, & I trust he will not become so 
again. 

" Charles is still kept in Town & from the pressure 
of public business, particularly from the Storm which 
there has been in the last week in the Money Market, 
& now from this great political event of the death of 
Alexander, 1 I am urging him strongly to send for his 
family being persuaded that he has no chance of being 
able to get down to them." 

The opening up of new markets in South America, 
and the general revival of commerce during the years 
1823-5, had given an impetus to speculation, and had 
encouraged a vast amount of dishonest company pro- 

1 This " arrangement " did not take place. John, 2nd E. Chatham, 
born 1756 ; mar. 1783, Mary, 2nd daughter of 1st Vise. Sydney. She 
died 1821. He did not remarry. 

a George Granville, afterwards 2nd D. of Sutherland ; born 1796 ; 
mar. 1823, Harriet, dau. of 6th E. of Carlisle. He died 1861. 

The Emperor Alexander I of Russia; died 1825 (December 10th). 



334 FAILURE OF THE COUNTRY BANKS [CHAP, xvi 

moting among financial agents, with the result that a 
monetary crisis of great magnitude was brought about 
during the December of this year, when seventy country 
banks suspended payment. 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, December 21th, 1825. 

" The failure of so great a number of Country Banks 
will, I fear be felt most severely among the little 
Farmers & small Shop-keepers, & the Check it will give 
both to Manufacturies & public Works must equally 
affect all the Working_Class. Nothing could exceed 
the Gloom & dismay of the beginning of the last week, 
but now in London all seems again quiet & calm & 
many of the houses which had stopped are expected 
to open again. Thank God none of our own friends 
have been sufferers in the first instance, but many of 
course will feel the rebound of it among their Tenants, 
& in this description, I fear, our dear Vale Royal must 
be more or less included by the failure of the Nantwich 
Bank. 

" There is a large party to be assembled at Ashridge 
for the Xmas Week, & of course Lord Chatham at the 
head of them. I believe I told you in my last that it 
is really thought likely that the match will take place, 
& I am sure I see not why it should not. Lord Chatham 
will get a very good hot supper, & she a remarkably 
good tempered Companion to do the honors of her 
table. Mr. Cholmondley says of his Bride, ' we shall 
probably pass a couple of years tolerably comfortable 
together, then she will have two more years of nursing 
me, & then she will have her jointure.' This last can 
not be Lady Bridgewater's speculation, but perhaps 
it may in some degree be his. 

" I am sorry to hear that by some quirk of the Law 
it has been discovered that Lady Plymouth l has the 
power of cutting off the entail of the Dorset property 
and is now actually doing it, saying however that it is 
most profitable that ' we ' shall still leave it on to the 

1 Lady Mary Sackville, dau. of 3rd D. of Dorset; mar. 1811, 
6th E. of Plymouth. He d.s.p. 1833, She mar. 2ndly, 1839, William, 
Igt E, Amherst, d.s.p. 1864, 



1825] THE GROS COUSIN 335 

De la Warr's, but that is a far different thing from an 
Entail, & I am quite sorry that it should be in question 
to take such property out of the Sackville line & blood. 

" Nothing is yet finally settled respecting the Gros 
Cousin but I trust there is little probability of his 
obtaining the very unaccountable Object of his wishes, 
of the utter inexpediency of which in every possible 
point of view there seems to be but one opinion. Think 
only of the provoking luck of some people, Lord Clan- 
rickarde ' two days before the Lottery began drawing, 
sent orders to his Bankers to buy him a Ticket & 
in three days after received a letter desiring his Lord- 
ship's directions where to pay in the sum of 1500, 
being his Lordship's half share ! ! Such a sum turned 
up to a poor Curate with 8 or 10 Children would have 
been the making of the family. 

" Charlotte Boycott has just walked in chaperoned 
by Lord William Fitzroy, 8 I asked them in vain for 
news, they gave me only the renewal of the Contracts 
between Lord Strathaven ' and Lady Elizabeth Conyng- 
ham, which has probably been facilitated by Royal inter- 
ference, so I again repeat my hope that the poor man 
will not die, furthermore Lord Dunnally * marries one 
of the Maudes which you will probably have hear.d 
where you are from the Hawardens." 

The Duke of Buckingham was, at this time, nursing 
grievances against the Government, which are fully 
dealt with in the ten volumes of voluminous correspond- 
ence (published 1855-62) entitled the Memories of the 
Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, from MSS. at 
Stowe. From the perusal of these papers, one is fain 
to conclude that the Duke was an egotist of the first 
water, full of lofty sentiments, and living up to a high, 
though conventional and artificial standard of integrity. 

1 Ld. Clanricarde, 14th E. and 1st Marq. 

1 Ld. William Fitzroy, Admiral, 5th s. of 3rd D. of Graf ton ; 
born 1782. 

3 In a previous letter, not included in this collection, the serious 
illness of Ld. Strathaven is alluded to. 

4 Ld. Dunnalley, 2nd Baron; born 1775; mar. as his 2nd wife, 
Emily, dau. of Islb Vise, Hawarden. He d.s.p. 1854. 



836 THE GROS COUSIN [CHAP, xvi 

He failed to perceive his own limitations in statesman- 
ship, and he could not recognise worth in men of lesser 
degree. The object on which his heart was set, was the 
Governor-Generalship of India, and he did not scruple 
to press Charles, a Cabinet Minister, and a cadet of 
his own house, to further his interests. 

In consequence of the failure to attain his desires he 
visited his displeasure on Charles, with whom, up to this 
moment, he had been on terms of great intimacy. He 
also withdrew the light of his countenance from society 
in England, and in the summer of 1827 commenced a 
prolonged tour abroad. Three volumes of his Private 
Diary, obviously written for publication, and faithfully 
given to the public in 1862, contain all he wishes to be 
known of his princely " progress " from place to place. 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

"BROOK STREET, January 5th, 1826. 

" You will learn from Charles that the Gros Cousin 
continues quite impracticable and gives out right and 
left that malgre" the opposition of the two ruling powers, 
he is sure of attaining his object, & what an object 
it is when he has attained it ! ! I should really have 
thought it infradig to have been offered to him 1 In 
the meantime your dear Brother l grows quite yellow, 
and thin upon the worry of it, and heartily glad shall I 
be when it is brought to a decision, as I am sure that 
the irritation is hourly encreasing, while it remains in 
suspense." 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

"BROOK STREET, January Wth, 1826. 

" Lady Charlotte * is nearly recovered, and they are 
going Hawarden Way next week. They have at 

1 Rt. Hon. Charles Williams Wynn. 

* Lady Charlotte Neville, dau. of 3rd E. of Dartmouth ; mar. 
1816, Hon. George Neville, 3rd s. of 2nd Ld. Braybrooke. Mr. George 
Neville inherited under the will of his kinsman, Lord Glastonbury, 
and assumed the additional surname of Grenville. He died 1854, 
He had four sons and five daughters. Lady Charlotte died 1877, 



1826] THE BELVOIR AFFLICTION 337 

Brighton been seeing a great deal of the Cholmondeleys 
and are of course full of stories about them, indeed it 
seems to be quite his object that everybody should 
have something to retail of his saying or doing. He 
pressed Mary Glynne to come and dine with him hav- 
ing as he said ' everything new about him, a new house, 
new set of servants, new table, and new Wife ! ' The 
latter they say seems far the most in love of any who 
have borne the title, and never takes her eyes from 
the object of her affections, and has long announced 
her being, as those having such affection are said to 
wish to be. Just before they were married he was 
driving in his Gig and met Mrs. Vansittart or some 
such old Berkshire friend. After the " how dye's " had 
been hastily exchanged, he said he had a piece of news 
to tell her ' I am going to be married.' ' No, no,' said 
his friend * that I am sure you are not,' of course he 
repeated the assertion with strong asservation, and she 
then anxiously asked ' to whom.' When turning to 
his companion he replied ' to this fair Creature,' and 
the Creature with all proper blushing and down cast eye 
owned the soft impeachment. Frankland Lewis soon 
after the report was in circulation called upon him in 
Cumberland Place and said he heard he was soon to 
wish him joy, ' Just come from the Altar ' was the reply, 
* and by the bye I was finishing this little job, this 
little business when you came in, the making my Will, 
before I step into my Chaise, so you may as well if 
you please sign and witness it for me.' In short it is 
all Coleur de Rose but they say Papa Sidney does 
not yet take to the joke of having a son 12 years 
younger than himself. Next to the young Cholmonde- 
leys l the Belvoir affliction is still the wonder and talk 
of the day. The disconsolate Duke of York has been 
passing a fortnight with the disconsolate Widower, 
mingling (as your Sister Harriet says) their sighs and 
regrets over the Ecarte" Table, and with their united 
tears making a Pool in the middle. I heard yesterday 
that the Royal amant had this summer brought from 

1 Rev. Horace George Cholmondeley, only son of " Old George " 
(by his first wife, Marcia, dau. of John Pitt of Luscomb) ; he was born 
1796 ; mar. August 1826, Elizabeth, dau. of Godschale Johnson, Esq. 



338 AUDLEY END [CHAP, xvi 

Rundall and Bridges a pair of brilliant earrings which 
had belonged to Josephine l and which were sent over 
here to be sold at the moderate price of 10,000 but 
which he was fortunate enough to get for 8,000 guineas. 
He carried them to Belvoir, where the Duchess used 
to wear them with a quite plain White Muslin Gown 
and Cap, lest it should not be sufficiently conspicuous 
that she was possessed of so honourable a badge, I wonder 
who will wear them next." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, January nth, 1826. 

" Lord Braybrooke called upon me the day before 
yesterday, and sat with me nearly an hour talking all 
the time. He came on a flying visit to town for the 
purpose of letting his Burlington house for a twelve- 
month. He intended to let it for 800 guineas, which he 
is told he may be sure of getting, and with which he 
means, for the next season entirely to new furnish and 
decorate it. In the meantime he says he shall have 
plenty of amusements and employment in watching 
the indoor improvements at Audley End, upon which 
he is going to begin immediately, and where he expects 
to make himself in the interior, as it is magnificent, in 
the exterior. This can only be done by the entire aban- 
donment of the ground floor, which though I must 
consider as a great sacrifice in a country residence, was 
I believe in this instance an indispensible one. He 
told me among other things that Lord Sydney told him, 
himself that his 2 daughters had 40,000 a piece settled 
on them at the death of their Uncle Lord de Clifford. 
This sum, together with what may come from Lord 
Sydney (which he has never mentioned) Mr. Cholmonde- 
ley, magnanimously leaves to his Lady's sole disposal 
adding to it 1,000 a year Jointure and 200 Pin Money ! 
He gave to his son 50,000 on his marriage, whether 
there is issue expected in that quarter I have not 

1 Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon I; born 1767; died 1814. 



1826J CHOLMONDELEY GOSSIP 339 

heard, but in the other it is I believe decidedly an- 
nounced. They have been so liberal in supplying 
stories and gossip to the town, and have made them- 
selves so much and almost so entirely the subjects of 
conversations that I am grown quite tired of hearing 
of them, yet was I so amused at the last which I have 
heard that I must pass it on. A Lady going in the 
Autumn into a Haberdashery Shop and asking for some 
Lace for trimming was shown some which she rejected 
as being coarse and vulgar, upon which the pert shop- 
woman insultingly replied that, ' It was plain that all 
folk were not of the same mind, for it was out of 
this very drawer, and one of these very Laces which 
Mr. Cholmondeley chose for the trimming of His 
Wedding Night Cap ! ' and this was actually vouched 
to me. Au reste they have been exhibiting themselves 
all the Autumn at Brighton, Cupid and Psyche in their 
demonstrations of Love and perfect January and May 
in appearance. 

" Lord Clare l wrote 8 days ago to Dropmore to 
announce his marriage with Elizabeth Burrell as he 
calls her. She will have a great fortune which will 
certainly be convenient, and what is better she is I 
believe a foncierement good, well principled, person 
which is the best security for well doing, but I can not 
help thinking that the entire uncontrouled indulgence 
in which she has passed some 4 or 5 and thirty years 
is a bad preparation for the little travers which must 
now and then occur in the best regulated marriages. 
The hitch which has kept it so long in suspense arose 
from the Lady's objection to the settling in Ireland 
which he, on the contrary, could not give up, having 
just built his house there, and given himself up with 
the greatest unthusiasm to the care of all his poor 
neighbours and dependants which one should have 
been very sorry if he had withdrawn from. Probably 
she was loth to get so far from her Mother whose health 
and habits render her very dependant upon her daugh- 
ters. My Whitehall Gd. daughters announced to me 
the other day from their correspondant Lady Eleanor 

1 Ld. Clare, 2nd E. ; born 1792 ; mar. April 1826, Hon. Elizabeth 
Burrell, 3rd dau, of 1st Ld, Gwydyr. 



340 RUSSIAN POLITICS [CHAP. XVI 

Campbell the intended marriage of the Duke of Buc- 
cleugh l (just 19) with a Miss Kilpatrick. His Guardians 
have of course resisted it as long as they thought it 
could be of any avail, and at last gave a reluctant con- 
sent at the interval of a twelve months probation of 
the youth's constancy. This I think is pretty sure to 
stand the test, as chivalrous Honour must now take the 
field in support of Love. Lady Elizabeth writes to 
them furthermore a repartee of her own which rather 
amused me, and so I give it you. When Mrs. Coutts 
was at Taymouth this Summer, and was as usual at- 
tacked about her Inamora to the Duke of St. Albans, 
she said, ' I promise you he shall never get at my Cash, 
the utmost I would ever think of doing for him would 
be to make him my Head Gardner at Holly Bush,' to 
which Lady Elizabeth observed that ' as Queen of 
Diamonds, she certainly could not do better than 
make him Knave of Spades ! ' which was I think very 
cute. 

" Hester gives me a good deal of Russian Politics, 
and tells me that our Princess Royal of Wirtemburg 
is supposed to be making herself a very important 
personage from her influence with Con : ' Her husband 
is often very brutal to her, but she is supposed to be 
much attached to him. Madame Lieven ' has been in 
much delicate embarassment having at first taken 
the death of her Master very quietly, and dwelt only on 
the amiability of Con : * but now she has put on her 
Weeds for Alexander ' and holds her tongue about his 
successor." 



1 The 5th Duke. This marriage did not take place. He mar. 
1829, Lady Charlotte Thynne. 

2 Con, the Grand Duke Constantino, next brother to Alexander I, 
and therefore, as he had died without children, his rightful successor. 
But Constantine had previously renounced his rights, in favour of his 
next brother the Grand Duke Nicholas, who ascended the Russian 
throne as Czar Nicholas I. 

8 Madame Lieven, Princess Dorothea de Benkendorff ; born 1785 ; 
mar. at the age of 15, Count de Lieven. He was Russian Ambassador 
in London 1812. She was a woman of extraordinary cleverness, and 
was the friend and confidante of Kings and Ministers. Count Lieven 
died in Rome 1838, and she after that made her home in England 
and Paris. She died 1857. 

* Emperor Alexander I of Russia, died December 1825. 



1826] SIR WALTER SCOTT 841 

From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" BBOOK STBEET, January Slat, 1826. 

" Heber's l resignation of his seat in Parliament has 
been the topic and wonder of the last week, nor does 
anyone guess at the motive of so strange a step. Had 
he retained it till the general Election he might then 
have given up without exciting any Surmises or Won- 
derment, but writing from Brussels simply to ask for 
the Chiltern Hundreds without assigning to anybody 
the smallest cause for it, and returning all the kindness 
and exertions of his Oxford friends by putting them 
to the trouble of an Election for 2 or 8 months has 
of course made them all very angry. Everybody thinks 
that it must arise from some pecuniary embarrassment 
with the firm of the great Booksellers' failures with 
which he was always supposed to be in some sort of 
partnership and some think it will end in his taking 
orders, and stepping into his own Living, but he is 
grown so strange and so altered that nobody can make 
out what he is about. 

" You will be sorry to hear that Sir Walter Scott is 
a loser of 70,000 by the failure of Constable and 
Ballantyne, the former is giving in his Assets set down 
10,000 as the expected profit to him from- the novel 
coming out of Woodstock, exclusive of what he has 
given and agreed to give for it to Sir Walter. Lockhart 
and his wife are settled in London and have been of 
course handed over by Mrs. Hughes to Mary. He 
(Mr. L.) has engaged himself to the Quarterly Review 
and is to have 1,700 a year for it. Mary however 
doubts his being equal to the undertaking. 

" There is a new Newspaper just set up by Murray 
at a most extraordinary expence. It is called ' the 
Representative ' and appears with all the advantage 
of Paper, Type etc. that can be given to it, with 3 or 
4 Reporters at 6 or 700 each besides travellers to all 
the Foreign Courts. Hitherto it has certainly made 
no effect, but they say that when Parliament begins it 

* Richard Heber, M.P., B. of Rev. Reginald Heber, of Hodnet. An 
accomplished scholar ; brother to the hymnologist Bp. of Calcutta. 
He died immar, 1833. 



842 GENERAL GOSSIP [CHAP, xvi 

is to be most interesting. It is supposed to belong 
wholly to Canning. 

" I have got your Landor, but I cannot say that I 
admire the conversations in general, though there is in 
many, a good deal of wit, but the spirit which pervades 
every part of the book is to me more than unpleasant. 

" Of marriages I have heard of very few, one how- 
ever is striking. It is however as yet only report, 
that our old acquaintance Clanronald 1 is going to 
marry Lady Ashburton whose ancient Lord has been 
so good as to dye and leave her 14,000 a year at her 
own disposal. It would be a fine thing for the Clan- 
ronald who they say has hardly a sixpence left. Then 
Lord Southampton t is to take to himself Miss Stanhope, 
the daughter of Colonel Stanhope, a Girl older I should 
think than himself, but very highly spoken of, and 
Lord Clancarty's son is talked of for Lady S. Beresford. 1 
Lord Southampton has had so strange an education 
and is so perfectly raw to the world that his taking 
a helpmate a little more experienced than himself should 
seem all the better. 

" Mary and her 2 daughters are as usual up to their 
ears in London. Ch. and I heard of them last Saturday 
in one of the large Boxes at the Opera with 7 or 8 
beaux in attendance the whole night. Young Mary is 
certainly much improved, and is very much followed 
and admired, I heartily wish some good may come of 
it, but as yet, I believe, ' nobody has offered nothing.' ' 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February 3rd. 

" Mary ' is just come up from Brighton where she 
has been living entirely with the Cholmondleys who 

1 Reginald George Macdonald, 25th Chief of Clanranald ; born 
1788 ; mar. 1st, 1817, Catherine, dau. of E. of Mount- Edgcumbe. 
She died 1824. He mar. 2ndly, Anne, dau. of W. Cunningham, Esq., 
and widow of Ld. Ashburton. She died 1835, and he mar. 3rdly, 
Eliz. Newman. 

1 Charles, 3rd Baron Southampton; born 1804; mar. 1st, 1826, 
Harriet, only dau. of Hon. Henry FitzRoy Stanhope. She died 1860. 
He mar. 2ndly in 1862, Ismay, dau. of Walter Nugent. He died 1872. 

3 Lady Sarah Beresford mar. 1828, John, 18th E. of Shrewsbury. 

* Mrs, Charles Williams Wynn. 






1826] GENERAL GOSSIP 343 

are billing and cooing all day long and taking the utmost 
care of the expected progeny, which was announced 
so early to Silly Billy { that even he said, ' Had you not 
better be quite sure before you talk of it.' H.R.H. is 
now regularly engaged as Sponsor, and great is the 
delicate embarrassment about name which Mrs. 
Cholmondley thinks ought to be William on account of 
its having been that of his Eldest Son. Charles, of 
course, writes you all political news which in truth is 
not a subject on which at present I have any satis- 
faction in dwelling. 

" Mr. Heber's most extraordinary Compliment to 
his friends and Constituents has occupied every body 
last week. Lord Stowell 2 says ' Heber's friends have 
found that he never brought any thing out of his own 
mouth when in the House of Commons nor put any- 
thing into theirs when out of it.' Many think he will 
take Orders and slip himself into his own Living. It 
is certain that he has had very expensive speculations 
with the booksellers, and in the account of Thorpe 
who is become bankrupt it appears that he has received 
500 pr. ann. from Heber as 10 p.c. Commission money 
on the Book which he bought for him. 

" The Duke of Buckingham in his distress for money 
has just been giving 1200 for an illustrated Tenant's 
London, and 2000 to Molten' s alone for prints for his 
Walpole's Reminiscences." 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February 10th, 1826. 

" The only bit of Gossip which I have picked up since 
I wrote last is of Lord Sydney's being about to marry 

1 William, D. of Clarence, afterwards King William IV. 

2 Stowell, Ld. William Scott, brother of 1st Ld. Eldon ; born 1745. 
A friend of Dr. Johnson. A barrister; entered Parliament 1784. 
Actively opposed to concessions to the Roman Catholics. In 1820 
he proposed Manners- Sutton as Speaker, which was his last prominent 
appearance in the House. In 1821 he was created Baron Stowell. 
He mar. 1st, 1781, Anne Marie, dau. of John Bagnall, and 2ndly, in 1813, 
Louisa, dau. of Adm. Ld. Howe, and widow of John, 1st Marq. of 
Sligo. His daughter, Mary Anne, mar., as her second husband, Ld. 
Sidmouth in 1823. Ld. Stowell died 1836. 

23 



344 CONSTABLE'S FAILURE [CHAP, xvi 

his remaining daughter in a manner probably quite as 
little satisfactory to him as her Sister's was, the object 
of this Lady's choice being a Revd. Mr. Dawson, not 
related to any of the respectables of that name, and dis- 
tinguished only by having lately got the living of 
Chislehurst in Kent, in virtue of which he has been 
seen at Mrs. Weddel's table together with her roast beef 
and plumb pudding. 

" Dailleurs he is a grave homme 6 feet high, and look- 
ing like a decent harmless farmer, this is the report of 
those who have met him, and as such leaves one only 
to repeat what we have all said of Mrs. Cholmondeley, 
qu'on ne peut pas disputer des Gouttes. Lord Sydney 
in offering the other day to come to Lord Montague, 
told him he need have no fear for his daughters as he 
was not yet near old enough to make love to them. 
Lord Clare's marriage is suspended for 2 months, which 
I should think by no means safe with a young lady 
so entirely dependant on her own will and fancy, 
furthermore it is stipulated that they are to live on 
with Mdme at Whitehall which / can not criticise as I 
feel how entirely poor Lady Willoughby l must exist 
upon that one Source of comfort and support. The 
Town is still talking of nothing but Sir Walter Scott's 
ruin, which is far greater than was even at first stated, 
and would have included Abbot's Ford with his Library 
etc. had he not fortunately entailed it quite lately on 
his son in order to facilitate his marriage with a little 
Scotch heiress. I believe I told you that Constable, 
in the list of his Assets brings forward 10,000 as his 
profit on the coming out Novel of Woodstock exclusive 
of what he had already paid Sir Walter for it. Lock- 
hart has likewise lost whatever he had in the general 
smash, but the interest which it has excited is quite 
incredible. From one Gentleman alone Sir Walter had 
the offer of 30,000 and from many others, smaller 
sums, but he has refused them all, and trusts to his 
head alone for supplies to the rest of the frame. 

" The Gros Cousin is at Stowe, very much I fear in 

1 Wife of 1st Ld. Gwydyr, Baroness Willoughby d'Eresby in her 
own right, dau. and h. of 3rd D. of Ancaster. Ld. Gwydyr died 
1820. She died 1828. 



1826] SIR WALTER SCOTT'S AFFAIRS 345 

the dumps, and very indignant with us all, but I hope 
the ferment may gradually subside. At all events, 
you, I am sure need not be warned that ' least said is 
soonest mended.' " 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February nth, 1826. 

" The melancholy state of all Money Concerns and 
the daily instance of private distress arising out of 
them produces much general Gloom, and must I should 
think, check in some measure the usual turmoil of London 
Gaiety. One good result was expected to arise out of 
it in its diminishing the number of contested Elections, 
but yet there appear to be a good many already an- 
nounced. 

" You may recall much of your compassion, if you 
have felt any, for Sir Walter Scott, whose affairs are 
to be all quite brought round again in 5 years. They 
say he is to have 20,000 for his life of Napoleon, half 
of which sum would I should think go a good way in 
housekeeping at Abbotsford. 

" The Duke of Buckingham is still fermenting his 
Ennuis at Stowe saying, he can not come to Town on 
account of his coolness with Charles, that he is vegetat- 
ing his life away like a cabbage, feeling that there is 
not a creature in the World who loves Him, or cares 
what becomes of him. A more wretched feeling than 
this there certainly can not be ; but naturally it need 
not have been his, and one is only sorry that such he 
should have made it. 

" Lady Cornwall l is just come to Town, and with 
her Lord and Lady Hereford whom she is lodging, and 
their little Boy. 1 The Grand Mademoiselle and her 
Governess are with Lady Gordon who is my vis a vis 
next door to Lady Haselridge. They are all most 
prosperous and happy and Lady Cornwall herself 
growing handsomer and handsomer." 

1 Lady Cornwall, wife of 3rd Bart., dau. of William Napier; mar. 
1815. Her daughter Catherine was the Heiress of Moccas until 
1824, when " the little boy," afterwards Sir Velters Cornwall, was born. 



346 A RING-FENCE MATCH [CHAP, xvi 

From Lady W. W. to the Et. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February 2lst. 

" I heard last night of a marriage which was said to 
be announced between Lord Dartmouth 1 and Miss 
Inge (Lady Elizabeth's daughter) which is all in his 
own neighbourhood and set, and therefore I should 
think very likely, but I should hardly supposed quite 
declared, as we have not heard it thro' the Nevilles. 

" Mary Glynne sent us word that she had just heard 
of, what she called a ' ring-fence Match,' between Lord 
Porchester * and his cousin Miss Morton, 5 but that, if 
it be en train, must for the present moment be suspended 
by the death of their poor Grandmother, Lady Car- 
narvon. 4 

" The departure of Contemporaries and Companions 
is a Tocsin which of course must occur more frequently 
the longer one's own life is spared. It must, to the 
most unthinking, be an awful Sound, and ought to be 
a profitable one ! " 



From Lady W. W. to Fanny W. W. 

"BROOK STREET, March llth, 1826. 

" I have never heard one word of the Gros Cousin's 
going to Paris, and I should think it at this moment 
highly improbable. It is a proof of the truth of the 
old Proverb respecting the effects of an III wind that 
his present estrangement from Charles appears to have 
thrown his brother and him much more together, and 
so far at least it is good. Nugent is just come down 
from Stowe, and says he does not know when he has 

1 Ld. Dartmouth, 4th E. ; bora 1784; mar. 1st, 1821, Frances, 
dau. of 2nd E. Talbot. She died 1823. He mar. 2ndly, 1828, 
Frances, dau. of 5th Vise. Harrington. She died 1849. He died 1853. 

2 Ld. Porchester, afterwards 3rd E. of Carnarvon; born 1800; 
mar. 1830, Henrietta, eld. dau. of Ld. Henry Howard. 

3 Charlotte Moreton, 3rd dau. of 4th Baron, afterwards 1st E. of Ducie 
(her two sisters had been married, Mary in 1 822 to 7th E. of Denbigh, and 
Julia in 1824 to James Langston, M.P.). She mar. 1834, 1st Ld. Fitz- 
Hardinge and died 1881. 

4 Elizabeth, Lady Carnarvon, dau. of Charles, 1st E. of Egremont ; 
mar. 1771, 1st E. of Carnarvon. She died February 10th, 1826. 






1826] THE BELVOIR CEILING 347 

seen his Brother so well for so long a time together as he 
has been this Winter. 

" The bulletin 1 in the Newspaper will have shown you 
that the public world has been this week in a very con- 
siderable State of anxiety, and though yesterday's 
report speaks of amendment, I fear we are by no means 
out of the Wood. Sir Henry has never stirred from his 
post since Monday and yesterday the brother was sent 
for. Local Inflammation is supposed to be the im- 
mediate evil, and calls for remedies such as bleeding 
etc. which are of course decidedly adverse to the general 
Gouty disposition. The Horror of the General Elec- 
tion 2 is already beginning to gather, and the bare 
apprehension of such an event as has seemed to 
threaten us, of course increases it ten fold. Who are 
to make up our Cousin's Parliamentary Squad is not 
known, but Philly ' is decidedly excluded, which will 
be a most serious misfortune to him. Lord Hertford is 
to enter the field with a train of ten, and Lords Grosvenor 
and Darlington will muster nearly as strong. 

" In return for the account of your pretty subject 
for a picture, I must give you the report of one paint- 
ing at Belvoir for the Ceiling of the Great Saloon, which 
is to be all mythological, and for which the Duke of 
York has actually been sitting for his portrait as Mars, 
the Duke of Rutland as Jupiter, r and | the Duchess as 
Venus, of course I suppose the Amis and Amies of the 
family are to appear as inferior Divinities. Who they 
will find for Dian (unless it be one of the infants, I 
know not). Trench must I fear resign Cupid, and 
content himself with personating Vulcan as an Artificer. 
I rather believe that the Ceiling was doing when the 
Duchess died, and that the idea of introducing the 
Portraits has been suggested by the new administration. 
I can hardly think she would have left such a record 
of folly and Vanity. The new residence building for 
the Duke of York from her plan, is most magnificent, it 
is a solid square with 4 sides of 11 large windows in each. 

1 Illness of the D. of York. 

* Parliament was dissolved on June 2nd. 

3 Joseph Phillimore, M.P. , of Shiplake House ; born 1775; died 1 855. 
Reg. Prof. Civil Law, Chancellor of the Dioceses of Oxford, Worcester 
and Bristol. 



348 POLITICAL DIFFICULTIES [CHAP, xvi 

" Did I tell you in my last that your Uncle Tom is 
exerting all his energies and those of his friends to try 
to get the refusal of Mrs. Wheeler's house, which is 
likely to come to the hammer in consequence of her 
death and her daughter's inability to stir from Brighton. 
I can not tell you how very anxious we all are that he 
should get it inasmuch as it seems quite made on pur- 
pose for him giving him 4 good rooms on one floor for 
all his books, looking full south and west, and therefore 
catching every gleam of sun. It is in short so perfect 
that I dare not look to his being fortunate enough to 
get it, though I think he is determined that a very 
extravagant price shall not prevent it, and in this we 
all clap him on the back it being obvious that it is the 
only one shape in which he can derive personal advan- 
tage from his accession of wealth. 

" All the fine Ladies here have tucked up their petti- 
coats again to mi-jambre, and I believe they are still 
on the ascent, so true it is, that alternately, by some 
times at one end, and some times at the other, Eve's 
petticoat is nearly all which remains unliable to 
curtailment." 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Charles W. W. W. 

" V. B., November 2(jth. 

" I begin my dearest to grow very impatient to know 
how your own concerns are shaping in the midst of all 
the Storms past, present & I fear too probably to come. 
I find our Gros Cousin has positively & decidedly carried 
his point & that solely by that Canvass which you con- 
sidered as so prejudicial to his views. He must be 
more than ever persuaded of the duplicity & unfairness 
with which he has been treated by those with whom 
he has had to deal, & that duplicity has, I have no 
doubt been in no small degree exercised towards you. 
That the Seat which you hold in the Cabinet has always 
been particularly irksome to one of those who most 
constantly sit by you, has always been known, & that 
He has had few things more at heart than to get you 
out of it by any means. Of the present negotiations 



1826] POLITICAL DIFFICULTIES 349 

the most material part passed unfortunately between 
him & you, & by adroitly slipping his head out of the 
Collar, He flatters himself that He has thrown so much 
of the unpleasant part of it upon you, as may induce 
you from a Spirit of Quixotism to make a Sacrifice, 
which would be no less gratifying to Mr. Canning & Co 
than it would be personally injurious to you & to your 
family. Of your doing this they entertain so little 
doubt that / know the Successor is actually named by 
them. Upon what ground you might rest such feelings 
as would make you think it necessary for you to take 
such a Step, I am too much in the dark to form an 
opinion, but sure I am that it is one of too much impor- 
tance to you & your family to be taken without the 
maturist & coolest deliberation. To the Duke it could 
only supply a fresh proof how adverse you must have 
felt to his appointment that you should have made 
such a Sacrifice rather than continue in a situation of 
constant Communication with him. This considera- 
tion is ever an additional reason why I should deplore 
your throwing it up, being persuaded that it would 
immediately lead to a renewal of those habits of inter- 
course which have for so many, many years subsisted 
between you & which have been founded on very 
sincere mutual affection on both sides. We all know 
that whatever Errors he may have of Head he has 
none of heart & that he is warmly attached to you as 
one brother can be to another, I feel quite persuaded. 
At all events therefore, I hope you have not dropped 
the habit of writing to him, as I am sure you would by 
so doing hold out to him the Appearance of a degree 
of Alienation far beyond what he feels towards you, or 
you towards him. The triumph of Canning when he 
thinks he has not only got you out of his way, but 
likewise produced a Coldness between you, & your 
greatest Political Supporter is such as I can not bear 
to think of. C. will undoubtedly take advantage of 
this to strike at your place, & in truth I know not what 
should in policy prevent his doing it, for your individual 
Support very certainly tells for nothing, & that you 
should have lost what did give you weight, for what 
individually could be of so little consequence to you, 



3 50 POLITICAL DIFFICULTIES [CHAP, xvi 

as the question whether A. or B. should be Governor 
General of India quite cuts me to the heart." 



From the RL Hon. Charles W. W. W. to Lady W. W. 

{Undated.'] 

" I wrote to you a few hurried lines to-day before the 
post went out my dearest mother & fear that I have 
not sufficiently explained myself to you respecting the 
strange assertions which have reached you. 

" So far is the Gros Cousin from having carried his 
point that Lord Liverpool in consequence of the Duke's 
canvas being mentioned by the Chairs (?) as matter of 
complaint, assured them first verbally & then in a 
written minute that if a vacancy in the Office of Governor 
General occurred before the termination of hostilities 
he should not recommend the Duke to them & that he 
had already stated this to his Grace ! ! On this subject 
there has been no duplicity. Both the D. & Ld. Ch" l 
have made assertions of having promises, which so far 
as they have thought fit to produce proofs to me, are 
wholly unsupported. I believe these to be equally 
so I believe that they have in some respects been 
imposed upon but in others I cannot allow them this 
credit. With respect to resignation I have not the 
slightest intention of it. I certainly have not been 
treated by the Duke in a manner which either gives me 
the example of sacrificing myself to promote his in- 
terests, or affords me a reason for doing so. I have 
done what I could honestly to assist his object though 
I believe it to be prejudicial to him & only pressed for- 
ward by the personal ambition & violent party feeling 
of his Son, I have urged his pretensions & the assur- 
ances of support which he alleges himself to have re- 
ceived. I do feel, however that Lord Liverpool & the 
D. of Wellington have the full right if they think that 
another person is more fit for that Office to urge the 
claims of that person. I cannot tell what he means 
by the Chairs being unanimous, if it is that they are to 
support him, I can only say that they hold a very 
different language, & that what I imagine is that he 
1 Ld. Chandos. 



1826] POLITICS AND IRELAND 351 

construes civil words, of which they will give him 
plenty, into promises." 

The chief topics before the country, at the General 
Election in June 1826, were the Corn Laws, and again 
the question of Catholic Emancipation. Ireland was 
in anything but a tranquil condition ; no confidence 
existed between any party on either side of St. George's 
Channel. 

The new Parliament met on November 14th and 
adjourned on December 13th. 

From the Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville to the Rt. Hon. 
Henry W. W. W. 

" CLEVELAND SQUARE, November 9th, 1826. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, London is very barren of news 
tho' tolerably full of Members of Parliament escaped 
from their Wives and families to come and take their 
seats in a House in which they will have nothing to do 
until the second week in February, when Catholic, Corn, 
Commerce, and Currency, will amply repay them for 
the inactivity of their November Session. 

" There is no disturbance in Ireland, but common 
report describes a higher state of exasperation in all 
ranks of Society there, and a considerable alarm among 
them, of the Orange faction, in consequence of the 
prevalence of the Catholics in the last general Election 
there, and associations which are made against holding 
any trading, or dealing transactions with Protestants 
there. Things seem fast coming to a pass there as 
must probably at last produce a less bigotted view 
of the subject on this side the water. 

" Upon the matter of Corn, I should have expected 
a lively, but certainly, an unsuccessful war waged by 
the Country Gentlemen, but as I see that Mr. Canning 
in giving his notice, expresses a hope that his intended 
measure would be found to ' conciliate all interests,' 
I am afraid that the essence of the question will be 
all but'lost in the desire of general accommodation for 
tho' I do not believe that a reduced price of Corn would 



352 THE GRENVILLE LIBRARY [CHAP, xvi 

materially affect the landed interests, as they are 
influenced only by that apprehension, they will not be 
conciliated except the inefficiency of the proposed 
measure relieves them from their Pounds, Shellings, 
and Pence, alarms. 

" The King has held a Sitting Leve"e with so much 
success that I think it will tempt him to receive his 
subjects, male and female more frequently than his 
legs have latterly allowed him to do while he depended 
upon them only. 

" The Duke of York has very much recovered from 
his Dropsy, which at times was full of alarming danger, 
and by what I hear I should think would have a chance 
of getting well, but I believe the legs which were sacri- 
ficed to let out the water have never yet been healed, 
and till they are sound again he cannot be safe. He 
still occasionally suffers great pain from them. 

" Perhaps you know that ' Rudbeckii Atlantica ' l 
even in 3 Vols, is very rare, the fourth Vol. (which I 
have in M.S.S.) was half printed at Upsal, and for the 
most part destroyed by a great fire there in 1702. It is 
supposed that of this half-printed 4th Vol, three or four 
copies were preserved, but I have never been able to 
ascertain whether any do really exist, perhaps in the 
Royal Library at Stockholm or Copenhagen, or perhaps 
some of your Literati could ascertain this which I 
should like to learn if you could get the information. 

" Kindest love to you & yours, my dear Henry. 
" Evere most affectionate yours, 

" THOMAS GRENVILLE." 

Henry Williams Wynn, from very early days, had 
himself been something of a book-collector, and it 
appears that whenever an opportunity offered for 
securing some rare book, during his long sojourn on 
the Continent, for his Uncle Tom, he never failed to do 
so, and was thus one of those who assisted Mr. Gren- 
ville to collect that great library which is now one of 
England's treasures. 

1 Olavi Rudbeckii Atlantica. Upsalae, excudit Henricus Curio, s.a. 
1675, 1679 (1696), 1689, vol. iv. MS. A work of gre&t rarity. 
flibliotheca Grenvilliana, vol. ii. p. 623, 




THE KT. HON. THOMAS GRBNVILLB 



Zoffany 



352] 



1827] THE GRENVILLE LIBRARY 353 

From the Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville to the Rt. Hon. 
Henry W. W. W. 

"CLEVELAND SQUARE, January llth, 1827. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I am afraid you will be sadly 
tired of me and my Rudbeckius and of the question 
whether there exists any printed part of the 4th Vol. 
but since I wrote last I have obtained the Knowledge 
of the particular authority on which the assertion of 
part of a 4th printed Vol. stands. Dryander who was 
a man of science and Librarian to Sir Joseph Banks 
(and was himself a Dane or a Swede) always asserted 
that in the University Library at Upsala, he had several 
times seen a printed fragment of a 4th Vol. of about 
150 pages. Dryander also said that in the Academy 
of Science at Stockholm, there was part of a printed 
4th Vol. as may be seen in Rounadler's Catalogue of his 
books given to the Academy at p. 4. No. 48-52. 
Dryander was also told of one Copy in the possession 
of Aurivilliers at Upsala, and one that had been sold 
from the Library of the late Dr. Hawswolff, Rector of 
St. Clara, in Stockholm. The last three Copies had 
not been seen by Dryander, but the copy in the Univer- 
sity Library of Upsala he always maintained that he 
had often seen. Now if at your leisure you could 
obtain any special information about these alledged 
4 Copies, which are probably the 4 alluded to in Brunet, 
you will do a special service to us Book-worms : if the 
Copies exist and are accessible, it would be desirable 
to know what number of pages exist in each Copy. Of 
course my dearest Henry you will not let me give you 
any real trouble on so trifling a matter, but when no 
other business is stirring if opportunity arises, perhaps 
you will not forget it. By Ferdinand's reinstating his 
Ambassador at Lisbon, it is supposed that all hostile 
appearances will subside, and peace in no way be dis- 
turbed. Watkin comes up on the 12th Feb. (an early 
period for him) to hear Canning's Corn-motion, of 
which motion Canning announces that it would please 
all parties, but I have generally observed that measures 
of so filmy a description usually please no party. 

" Love to Hester & Co. 

" Ever most affectionately yours, 

" T. G." 



CHAPTER XVII 

18271832 

THE new House of Commons was still led by the same 
Cabinet, a Cabinet divided in itself on every important 
question of the day. Liverpool, the Premier, opposed 
the Catholic Emancipation Bill ; Eldon, the Chancellor, 
followed Liverpool ; Canning, the Leader of the Com- 
mons, and Palmerston, the Minister for War, were 
strong in its support. On other questions such as the 
Slave Traffic in the Colonies, and the Corn Laws, there 
was an equal divergence of opinion. Compromise and 
expediency had for years been the best which this long 
administration, held together by the personality of the 
Prime Minister, had accomplished. Suddenly and 
dramatically the old order closed. Lord Liverpool was 
seized with a paralytic stroke on February 17th, 1827, 
and although his death did not supervene for some 
months, the office of First Minister to the Crown, after 
nearly fifteen years, became vacant. 

Canning, by sheer weight of character, was pre- 
eminently the one man to take the lead in the govern- 
ment of the country, but he was unpopular in the 
House, and the task entrusted to him by the King, to 
succeed Lord Liverpool, was beset by great difficulties. 
Many resignations took place in the Cabinet, but 
Charles remained for the present at the Board of 
Control. Palmerston stayed at the War Office, but 
the Duke of Wellington, the Commander-in- Chief, 

354 



1827] DEATH OF THE DUKE OF YORK 355 

withdrew his support, on the Catholic question. Can- 
ning's death in August brought the new Ministry to an 
abrupt end. The only party now with any semblance 
of unity, in Parliament, was the ultra -Tory, led by the 
Duke of Wellington and Robert Peel. Charles Williams 
Wynn, embittered by constant friction with Canning, 
though on the Catholic question in agreement with 
him, now found himself even less in accord with 
the rising powers, and when the Duke of Welling- 
ton became Prime Minister he vacated the Board of 
Control. 

Social events are few the King's failing health and 
the Duke of York's death are the subjects of greatest 
interest. 

Of family matters there is little to say ; the Duke of 
Buckingham's prolonged sojourn abroad is commented 
upon by Lady Williams Wynn with some disfavour. 

On June 26th, 1830, King George IV died, and with 
the accession of the new King the Duke of Bucking- 
ham's " ennui " ceased, and he was offered and accepted 
the post of Steward to the Household. 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" BBOOK STREET, January 23rd. 

" The Newspapers will give you full details of all 
the Pagentry attending the lying in State, 1 and the 
Funeral which had for some time certainly engrossed 
the Royal Relative so entirely that Mr. Wash, the 
Undertaker, shewed about the Programme interlined 
in twenty places by H.M.'s own hand. It is the fashion 
to say that the Duke died very rich, and that the debts 
altogether will not exceed 130,000, which certainly, 
as compared with what we have heard them estimated 
at, sounds quite trifling. 

" They say a heavy part of this is due to his Play- 
mates the Duke of Rutland, Lords Darlington, and 

1 Of the D. of York, who died on January 5th. 



356 DUKE OF YORK'S FUNERAL [CHAP, xvn 

Hertford, 1 with none of whom has he settled his Books 
for the last fourteen years, but whenever he won, he 
regularly held forth his hand for payment. His income 
was very large and the immense building in the Park, 
was certainly paid for by weekly drafts on the Bank." 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, February 15th. 

" Never was there anything equal to the fatal conse- 
quences which are still occuring from the Funeral of 
the Duke of York. It quite reminds one of the accounts 
of the savage Nations, where Ministers, Officers, Wives 
and Servants, horses and Dogs, are all shovelled into 
the same grave as their Royal Master. They say the 
common Soldiers have died to the number of half a 
dozen a day. Canning has certainly been, I fancy, in 
much danger, and tho' recovering now, it is so slowly 
that his Corn Bill Motion is, as you see, again put off 
to the 26th. He had, however, a double dose of damp, 
having, after he quitted the killing pavement, been 
put into a best Bed at the house of some toadee at 
Windsor, which had, I suppose, never been used since 
the last Gala, whenever that may have been. 

" The Duke of Buckingham has not yet arrived, I 
shall be very curious to see what line he will take with 
the Parente", when he does come. His Sister 2 is in 
Paris very much fete"ed by the Court, and of course 
happier than the happiest. She is joining her Brother 
in the Autumn." 

Lord Bloomfield's letter and those of Mr. Grenville 
find their place in this correspondence in their chrono- 
logical sequence, although their main subject is that 
of books, but the incidental remarks on the current 
political topics link them on to the letters they precede - 
and follow. 

1 Francis, 3rd Marq. of Hertford. 
1 Lady Arundel. 



1827] BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 357 

From Lord Bloomfield 1 to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" STOCKHOLM, March 13th, 1827. 

" MY DEAR WYNN, Since your letter of the 4th inst. 
you will have received in a further communication the 
result of my enquiries at Upsala, and which I think 
will be found tolerably authentic. 

" Respecting the Copy stated to be in the Copen- 
hagen Royal Library, I refer you to the ' Catalogue 
Bibliotheca & Thothenoe.' Vol. 5. page 49. 

" In the Library there appears to have been one of 
the Copies saved from the fire and it is stated that in 
the disposition of the Library by the Will of the Pro- 
prietor, a certain portion went to the Crown of Den- 
mark in which it is conjectured was included the frag- 
ment in question. If this conjecture be erroneous 
& that the Volume was sold, you can have no difficulty 
in tracing its destination. 

" As we are on the subject of Books, I discovered in 
the Edition which is possessed by the King, of the 
Works of John, Duke of Buckingham, two MSS. the 
1st, of 32 pages giving an account of our Revolution and 
left unfinished, the 2nd of 11 Pages, entitled ' A feast 
of the Gods.' It has occured to me that these originals 
might be of some interest to the present Duke, and that 
his Grace might be desirious of having Copies made of 
them, in which case pray offer my humble services with 
the expression of my grateful recollection of the many 
kindnesses I have received at his Grace's hands. 

" The Work is in 2 Vols. Quarto, entitled " The Works 
of John Sheffield, Earl Mulgrave, Marquis of Normanby 
and Duke of Buckingham,' and was printed in 1723 by 
John Barber, London. 

" What a blow our Country has received in the Seizure 
of Lord Liverpool ! According to my notion it is the 
severest that could have befallen us. My letters all 
hint at the probability of the Landsdown * party coming 

1 Ld. Bloomfield, 1st Baron ; born 1762 ; mar. 1797, Harriet, dau. 
of John Daylas. He was Ch. Equerry to Prince Regent; Min. Plen. 
to Sweden 1824, when he was raised to an Irish Barony. He died 
1846. 

* Ld. Lansdowne, 3rd Marq. ; born 1780 ; mar. 1808, Lady Louisa, 
dau. of 2nd E. of Ilchester. He was a member of Mr. Canning's 
Cabinet, without a portfolio, and subsequently became Home Sec. 
and Lord President of the Council. He died 1861. 



358 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL [CHAP, xvn 

in. Mr. Canning's health is quite re-established. His 
Medical Advisor states ' his constitution to be, next to 
that of the King, the most powerful I have met with.' 
" Believe me, Ever yours, 

" BLOOMFIELD." 

From the Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville to the Rt. Hon. 
Henry W. W. W. 

" CLEVELAND SQUABE, March 20th, 1827. 

" MY DEAREST HENRY, It does not surprise me, 
tho' it much gratifies me, to receive so satisfactory an 
answer to my bibliographical enquiries, because you 
always was a most active and intelligent Commissioner, 
neither does it surprise me to find that your Torquelin 
was so much mistaken, because I now know Dryander, 
to be a most accurate & careful Bibliographer. 

"It is very kind of Lord Bloomfield to give himself 
so much trouble upon this subject, and tho' the obliga- 
tion is to you, perhaps you will think it right to express 
to him how sensible I also am to his kindness in this 
matter and most particularly for the hopes that he holds 
out of being able to procure me that fragment. I would 
therefore, with my usual prodigality not hesitate at any 
price within 100 for a Copy which should furnish all that 
is known to be printed : I say a Copy of the Book because 
I suppose there is little chance of obtaining the 4th 
Vol. separately, which of course I should prefer, as my 
Copy is a very magnificent one in Mr. Lewis's choicest 
Morocco : but it is barely possible that Lord Bloomfield's 
friend might scruple to part with the whole set, & yet 
might be tempted to take 50 to exchange his printed 
4th Vol. for my MSS. 4th Vol. if this were found prac- 
ticable it would suit me best, but if the whole Copy is 
required to be taken, I should not object to any price 
not exceeding 100, provided it be first well ascertained 
that the printed fragment contains all that is to be 
found in any Copy yet seen. 

" If I am not fortunate enough to procure by any 
means the original printed fragment, then I should 
wish to have any deficiency in my MSS. supplied, 
supposing that it is defective, and for ascertaining this 



1827] BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 359 



I enclose herewith the best ! description that I can 
furnish of my MSS. Copy. I should hesitate to tax, 
even your kindness with such a troublesome commis- 
sion, if I did not flatter myself that the peaceable state 
of the North of Europe offered you sufficient leisure 
even for such absolute trifles as them. 

" We are still without a Premier, and tho' conversa- 
tion varies from day to day enough to show that no- 
thing is finally settled, yet to speak as "a Jockey, ont 
may say that with all these variations, still Canning 
appears to be upon the whole the favourite horse, and 
the odds continue to be, that he will be found at the 
head of the old Government. There is at the same 
time a notion, how true I know not, that the King 
will not formally announce his intentions before Easter. 
Lord Liverpool continues to improve enough in health 
to have no apprehension for his life, & the hopes of his 
having a comfortable existence would be stronger if 
he were not still so diffident in point of utterance. 

" Kind love to Hester & all your young Brood." 



The Same 

" CLEVELAND SQUARE, July 3rd, 1827. 

" It was very kind in you to interest Lord Bloomfield 
about my Library and it was very kind in him to take 
cognizances in such a petty concern ; I had an oppor- 
tunity of thanking him, of visiting him, and of inviting 
him to dinner, and tho' my last two civilities were not 
realized, they made, I hope, a proper acknowledgement 
of his courtesy and attention. 

" The Parliament was yesterday prorogued by Com- 
mission, and Members will now have time to look a 
little around them, and take their measures for a more 
vigorous and efficient result than was exhibited in the 
first moments of their appointment. I regret that the 
Corn Bill is still left in an undecided shape, because as 
long as that remains so, the Government incurs a great 
disadvantage by a larger appearance of Hostilities to 
them, than really exists ; because it seems evident that 
many vote against them on that particular measure, who 

24 



360 



CABINET CHANGES 



[CHAP, xvu 



would not oppose them on any other, but I have 
always observed that as long as there is any single 
point on which a large Opposition can be found to 
unite there is always danger that some other topick 
.may be scored to produce the same result, and there 
are one or two very active heads at work, to supply fuel 
to feed this incipient flame." 

" The general opinion is that the King continues to 
feel and to express the same indignation which he at 
first expressed, at the desertion of those on whose 
attachment he had counted. 

" He has accepted the resignation of Lord Errol l 
and Lord Delaware, 2 and I believe the Duke of Argyle 
suceeds to the Duke of Gordon's Office in Scotland, 
and the Gr. Ribbon is supposed to be destined to Lord 
Rosebury." ' 



From the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to the Rt. 
Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" ON BOARD MY YACHT OFF RYDE, August 4th, 1827. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I am now embarked on a Cruize 
in the Mediterranean and wherever my fate may lead 
me. I count on two years absence, unless politics re- 
call me which I should think unlikely, as I have no idea 
that the Government can stand. I cannot join Peel, 
I will not act with Canning. I distrust the Whigs, I 
think exceedingly ill of the whole Government. I 
have therefore thrown myself into the King's hands & 
given him my proxy, and am either for or against 
the Ministers as he chooses, reserving certain points." * 

1 William, 18th E. of Errol ; born 1801 ; mar. 1820, Elizabeth 
FitzClarence, nat. dau. of King William IV ; was made a Peer of U.K. 
1831. He died 1846. 

George, 5th E. Delaware ; born 1791; mar. 1813, Lady 
Elizabeth, dau. and co-h. of John, 3rd D. of Dorset. She died 1870. 
He died 1869. 

3 Archibald, 4th E. of Rosebery ; born 1783; mar. 1st, 1808, 
Harriet, 2nd dau. of Hon. Bartholomew Bouverie. He mar. 2ndly, 1819, 
Anne, dau. of 1st Vise. Anson. He was made Baron of U.K. 1828. He 
died 1868. 

* In the Private Diary of the Duke of Buckingham already referred 
to, a detailed account of this interview is recorded by his Grace. 



1827] A VISIT TO HA WARDEN 861 

From Lady W. W, to Fanny W. W. 

"HAWARDEN CASTLK, September 5th, 1827. 
" My Brother l & I arrived here yesterday. Mary 8 
is comme toil jours the picture of health & happiness, 
& so are her young ones. Her daughters in very good 
looks & much grown. Catty 5 \ an inch taller than 
her Mother, a long strait thread paper figure, without 
a pretension to womanhood, which in this very precocious 
days when Girls adopt the dress & manners of the 
drawing-room the moment they quit the Nursery, has 
to my eye the Merit both of Nature & Novelty. The 
new Governess appeared at Prayers this morning & in 
looks does not seem senior by more than a couple of 
years to her Pupils. Stephen is still evidently very 
shy, but works hard to make play with your Uncle. 
As to Henry he has never opened his mouth excepting 
to read the Psalms this morning, which of course he is 
doing for practice. To-morrow, we leave them all to 
string their Bows & brush up their Jackets for a Bow- 
meeting the next day at the Rectory. Mary said she 
had written to askConway, 4 but of course he is, I suppose, 
not come-at-able. Hugh will arrive to-morrow passing 
us on the Road. We have had a very snug comfortable 
ten days visit to Wynnstay which we have enjoyed 
much. There has been no Lady excepting Mrs. Sulli- 
van for the first two or three days but a succession 
of good Males such as Lord Talbot s & his Son, 6 Mr. 
Peploe, Lord C. Manners, 6 etc. Mr. Peploe had left 
his wife at Leamington where she had been very un- 
well, but she hopes to find the benefit of the waters 
more after she leaves the place than at the time. 
D'ailleurs the house of Cornwall seems to me to be 

1 Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville. 2 Mary, Lady Glynne. 

8 Catherine Glynne, eld. dau. of Sir Stephen Glynne, 8th Bart, 
(and Mary his wife, dau. of 2nd Baron Braybrooke) ; she mar. 1839, 
Rt. Hon. William Ewart Gladstone. 

4 Conwy Shipley, s. of Col. William Shipley (and his wife Charlotte 
Williams W T ynn) ; born 1807; d.s.p. 1869. 

Ld. Talbot, 2nd Earl; born 1777 ; mar. 1800, Frances, dau. of Charles 
Lambart. She died 1819. He died 1849. His eldest s., Vise. Ingestre, 
born 1802, was killed accidentally in Vienna, 1826. 

Ld. C. Manners, 2nd s. of 4th D. of Rutland; born 1780; a 
General in the Army ; died unmar. 1 855. A great personal friend 
of Sir Watkin. 



862 THE LADIES OF LLANGOLLEN [CHAP, xvn 

the only people who have profited in the late storms, 
& may all join in confirming it ' to be an ill wind which 
blows nobody good.' Lady Hereford l has, you know 
the Band of Gentlewomen Pensioners (between 1200 
& 1000 pr. an.). Lewis 2 is Under Secretary of State, 
between 3 & 4,000 pr. an. & young Gordon 3 is to be 
taken as Clerk into Lord Goodrich's * Office which 
last appointment appears to me to be in its way quite 
as valuable as either of the others. Lady Gordon s 
was, when last heard of, at Brussels, having sent her 
2 Schoolboy Sons with young Devereux B as their 
Tutor to make the Tour of Switzerland, falls of the 
Rhine, etc. ; said Tutor having, I fancy, been sent 
abroad from having a little broken bound at home. 
To be sure She has good nerves, & even if it should 
happen not to do very well, She will have saved any 
expenditure of anxiety from the anticipation. The day 
before I left Wynnstay, Lady Harriett & I drove over 
to Llangollen where, we were of course received a bras 
ouvert, & really passed what was to me a very pleasant 
hour & a Half not a little brightened up by the arrival 
of Lady Cunliffe who was come there for a two nights 
visit. I was most truly rejoiced to see her in better 
looks & better spirits than at any time (at least) for the 
last 4 years. In short she was quite herself, & made so 
much play with poor Lady Eleanor that it was one 
continued laugh & Story telling. Of course I had 
many enquiries and profusion of love to transmit to 
you. I think Miss Ponsonby looking better than 
when I saw her last, but Lady Eleanor worse, she has 
just glimmer enough of sight to enable her to remark 
on the brightness of Lady Harriett's yellow Schall. 

1 Lady Hereford, Frances, 3rd dau. of Sir George Cornwall, Bart. ; 
mar. 1805, Henry, 14th Vise. Hereford. He was given the office of 
Captain of the Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms. He died 1843. 
She died 1864. 

2 Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis, who mar. 1805, Harriet, 4th dau. 
of Sir George Cornwall. 

3 Gordon, s. of Sir William Duff Gordon and his wife Caroline, 5th 
dau. of Sir George Cornwall. 

4 Lord Goderich, afterwards 1st E. of Ripon ; born 1782 ; Premier 
1827-8; mar. 1814, Sarah, dau. of 4th E. of Buckinghamshire. He 
died 1859. 

6 Devereux, 1st a. of Ld. and Lady Hereford; born 1807; d.s.p. 
1839. 






1827] "GENTEEL MARRIAGES" 363 

They were in hourly expectation of a visit from their 
friend the Duchess of St. Albans, 1 who is touring about 
with her sleeping partner of whom Lady Eleanor re- 
ported an Anecdote which she says she knows to be 
true, that on the night, He tapped at the door of his 
Bride's Chamber to desire her to accomodate him with 
a Night-cap not possessing such an Article of his own. 
She could do no better for him than to apply a Towel 
which however she put on with her own hands to the 
best advantage & probably in so doing added a fresh 
circumstance of unprecedented singularity to the .whole 
of that extraordinary business. I have heard of no- 
thing within the last 4 or 5 days, but genteel marriages 
which, as I wrote word to Mary, looks as if London 
was still on the " high go." The first & most interesting 
of my Matches is Our Mr. Heathcote, 8 who has certainly 
ventured once more to get on the brink of Matrimony 
with Miss Burrill a 17 year old daughter of Lord & 
Lady Gwydir who they say will not lose sight of him 
till the knot is actually tied fast. It has been for 
sometime the height of their ambition to catch him, 
having, to them, the particular Merit of near neigh- 
bourhood in addition to all other general ones, so that 
I think he will hardly slip away, & I really shall feel 
it a personal relief when he is settled, or at all events 
when he is off our shoulders, which I think the proposal 
to Miss B, effects, whatever may be the result. Lady 
Emma Brudenell * is likewise provided for, tho' indeed 
I am sorry to say, that can hardly yet be said, her 
intended having been twice very seriously ill since the 
beginning of the Summer, & not yet recovered, they 
talk however of their marrying in October. Further- 
more it is strongly reported that the Duke of Buccleugh ' 

1 Duchess of St. Albans, Harriet Mellon, the famous actress ; mar. 
1st, Thomas Coutts the banker, and 2ndly, William, 9th D. of St. 
Albans. She d.s.p. 1837. 

1 Mr. Heathcote, afterwards Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 6th Bart. ; 
created Ld. Cleveland 1859; born 1795; mar. October 8th, 1827, 
Clementina, eld. dau. Ld. Gwydyr. He died 1867. She sue. her father 
to the Barony of Willoughby d'Eresby in 1870. She died 1888. 

3 Lady E. Brudenell, 3rd dau. of 6th E. of Cardigan; mar. as his 2nd 
wife in 1827, David Pennant, Esq., of Downing, co. Flint. She died 
1847. 

* D. of Buccleuch, 5th Duke; born 1806; mar. 1829, Lady 
Charlotte, dau. of 2nd Marq. of Bath. 



364 SMALL TALK [CHAP, xvn 

is to marry the one remaining Miss Sheridan, which as 
the girl most admired & talked about, was pretty sure 
to be said, & may or may not be true for ought I know 
or care, excepting from the aristocratic feeling of its 
being in fra : dig. George Neville on his return hither 
from Escrick passed two days at Chatsworth, & says 
that he never saw a Creature so pleased with a piece of 
preferment as the Duke of Devonshire with his Gold 
Key. Indeed he is free to own his being made quite 
happy by it from its giving him so much patronage, 
which is undoubtedly a very gratifying circumstance, 
& one which shews the pillow with roses only, far dif- 
ferent from that on which either the Canning had, or 
the Goodrich will have to repose their weary heads. 
The Duke gave the first vacant Hampton Court Apart- 
ments to Mrs. Bochur with which the King expressed 
himself to be particularly pleased, & indeed every body 
approves of it, her good conduct in her adversity 
having acquired to her the esteem of those who most 
laughed at her in her prosperity. 

" I was very sorry to hear from the Ladies of Llan- 
gollen among many other peices of news, that poor 
Mrs. Heber l has been robbed at Leamington both of 
money & Papers, to what amount they did not know, 
but the smallest must be more than she, poor soul could 
conveniently spare. They assured me they did not 
doubt the fact, but I still would fain doubt it. I was 
surprised to hear of her being gone to settle at Hodnet, 
I hope & trust that cannot be the case without essential 
assistance from her Brother-in-law. . . . 

" I do not think I half answered your last letter, or 
thanked you half enough for all the amusement which 
the delightful details gave me. I see on looking back 
to it that you ask me Lord Grenville's opinion of the 
life of Napoleon, which I can give you in a few words, 
by telling you that both he & your Uncle Tom, for- 
bade the Bookseller from sending it to them & can 
hardly be pursuaded that Sir W. has written a word 
of it. The extracts from it have pointed out to them 
a number of statements perfectly erroneous, & with- 

1 Mrs. Heber, Emilia, dau. of William Shipley, Dean of St. Asaph ; 
mar. Reginald Heber, Bp. of Calcutta. He died 1826. 



1828] POLITICAL STORMS 365 

out one single new story even to enliven it, & the stile, 
is by every body considered as so heavy, that I believe, 
of those who have attempted to read it, hardly any 
have got thro' it." 



From Lady W. W. to the Et. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

"UPPER BROOK STREET, February 19th. 

" Great are the political Storms at this moment, & 
never was there a Union so widely disunited as that of 
the present Administration but nothing I fear can 
arise to our advantage out of the Jars & squabbles. 
They have got a most despotic Chief l at their head, 
who has been used to find in his Aid de Camps mere 
instruments to his will and Cyphers in his Councils, 
such may be found in the Cabinets as well as the field 
but some will I doubt not be given to kick. Our late 
Premier a has certainly not proved himself equal, even 
to be dernier, and has, with the best intentions towards 
Charles, done him a mischief, which I fear, will be long 
irreparable. 

" All the young Band of debutant Orators are, I fancy, 
in high spirits and Lord King 3 as usual rubs his hands, 
and chuckles over the prospect of such good sport. 
Poor Ebrington * has just come, I met him on Sunday 
at Church and thought him looking wretchedly ill, but 
he had probably not recovered the painful impression 
of his first return to the house in Grosvenor Square, 
where he went thro' all the sad Scene of misery last 
July, your Uncle Tom saw him yesterday and thought 
him quite as well as he could expect, and talking with 
much interest of all which was going on, which I was 
sincerely rejoiced to hear. 

" We have had a very serious alarm about your 
dear Uncle 6 at Dropmore who has had another Attack 
of the same nature as his former one. It however 
gave way to bleeding and he is now recovering as well 
as we could expect, but of course much enfeebled by 

1 The D. of Wellington. * Ld. Goderich. 

3 Seep. 317, note 1. 

* Lady Ebrington (Lady Susan Ryder) died, after a long and painful 
illness, in July 1827. 6 Ld. Grenville. 



866 THE CIRCLE OF GOSSIP [CHAP, xvn 

the necessarily exhausting remedies which the nature 
of his Attack rendered necessary. I live, now so entirely, 
out of the Circle of Gossip that I have not a word of 
any sort to send you, Charles' St. Antonio's bon mot 
in describing Lord Dudley, 1 (whose name you may have 
seen lately in the ' Chronique Scandalue ' more or less 
coupled with that of my Lady Chancellor 2 ) as a ' Ward 
in Chancery,' may I fear have reached even Copen- 
hagen, and it is the only bit of small talk that I can 
give you." 

From Fanny W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry 
\W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, May 2nd. 

" We were last night at a Party at Lady Elizabeth 
Belgrave's, the wonder of the night was a Malachite 
Vase of great size which he bought at Petersburgh, and 
at which, almost every John & Jenny Bull looked with 
amazement, that a Block so large had been found, 
they have also imported a fine set of Chrysophrazes for 
her, and for their Guests a more than foreign paucity 
of Refreshment, not a drop of wine not an Ice, not 
even homely Tea, nothing but Agrippa's fare, Lemon- 
ade, Orangeade, and Chiny Water, set out with all the 
pomp and circumstance of a Repast. She is as round 
as her Vase and pale as her Lemonade." 



From Lady W. W. to the Hon. Mrs. Henry W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, May 1 5th. 

" The great event of this week in the Bon Ton Circle 
has been the King's Ball to all the Juvenile Nobility. 
It took place last night, and Harriet and Lord Dela- 
mere were graciously admitted to it tho' without a 
regular ticket of Entree, not having a Child even of 
the smallest dimensions to Chaprone them. How very 

1 John Ward, 4th Vise. Dudley, created Earl 1827 ; born 1781 ; died 
unmar. 1833. 

1 Sarah Garey, Lady Lyndhurst, dau. of Charles Brunsden, widow 
of Lt.-Col. Charles Thomas; mar. 1819, as his 1st wife, Sir John 
Singleton Copley, 1st Ld. Lyndhurst (Ld. Chancellor 1827-30, 1834-5, 
1841-6). She died 1834. 



1828] THE KING'S CHILDREN'S BALL 367 

tiny an Article would have answered this purpose was 
exhibited in sundry instances under three years old ! 
Harriet says that such a beautiful Fairy Ground Scene, 
she never beheld or could have imagined. All the 
magnificent new Suite of Rooms at St. James' were 
opened, and the immense proportions of the Rooms, 
(particularly the great height of the Banqueting Rooms) 
contributed to make the little pigmy Guests look still 
more diminutive. 

" Lord and Lady Worcester l were there and my 
Lord Glamorgan, 2 a leetle newborn Mount-Charles 3 
stood almost all the evening between the King's legs 
dressed in a red velvet long Coat. The young Branches 
of all sizes were admitted, and when Harriet came away 
at twelve the younger were sweeping off, and an influx 
of young Oxonians and Cantabs, were starting with the 
Misses in their teens. The King looked very well and 
seemed to enjoy it as much as the least of his company. 

" Isabella Forester * was the decided Beauty of the 
Room, and many, I believe, thought her too good for 
our young Taffy, Lord of the Castle, who is not, I 
think, at present very popular, but they have neither 
of them numbered many years, they have both had a 
large proportion of dissipation, and if they are fond of 
each other, they may, and I trust will, sit down quietly 
in their new characters. I understand they are not, 
at present, to have more than 2000 pr. ann. and are 
to go abroad immediately, which I always think a 
hasardous way of starting. 

" Harriet, had to-day a letter from the Duke of 
Buckingham, written apparently under great depres- 
sion of Spirits, but speaking of his health as much im- 
proved by the sudorific effects of his toilsome ascent 

1 See p. 291. Ld. Worcester mar. 2ndly in 1822, Emily, dau. 
of Charles Culling Smith. She died 1889. 

* Ld. Glamorgan, only son of Ld. Worcester (afterwards 7th D. of 
Beaufort) and his 2nd wife; born February 1824. He sue. his father 
as 8th Duke in 1853. He mar. 1845, Lady Georgina, dau. of 1st E. 
Howe. She died 1906. He died 1899. 

3 Ld. F. Conyngham, on the death of his elder brother in 1824, 
took the courtesy title of Mount-Charles. His eldest son, afterwards 
3rd Marq. of Conyngham, was born February 1825. 

4 Hon. Isabella Forester, 3rd dau. of 1st Ld. Forester; mar. 1830, 
Hon. George Anson. She died 1858. The marriage referred to did not 
take place. 



368 CABINET CHANGES [CHAP, xvn 

up Mount Vesuvius which I believe, in point of fact 
nearly killed him." 



From Sir W. W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" Tuesday morning [May 1828]. 

" MY DEAR HENRY, I received a letter from Charles 
this morning from Dropmore desiring me to send you 
whatever political news I could pick up, all that I can 
learn at present being that Huskisson, Palmerston, 1 
Grant l and Lambe, are out, that Dudley l remains in 
and that Huskisson is to be succeeded by Sir George 
Murray, 1 if I can pick up anything later I will add it. 

" I am happy to say that Charles makes a better re- 
port of Lord Grenville and says that he was riding on 
his pony for near an hour yesterday. 

" Poor Lord Forrester * died on Thursday last. He 
had been very ill, in consequence of a fall from his 
pony, for the last three weeks, but Lady Forrester 
was not aware of immediate danger and is, I fear, 
suffering very severely, they had not, yesterday been 
able to persuade her to take off her clothes and go to 
bed. I hear that Smith has been very useful and does 
everything for the family. I believe that Forrester 
had ensured his Life to ensure a comfortable provision 
for Lady F. but I fear her younger Children will be 
ill-provided for. 

" We were at the Ball at St. James' last night which 
was very magnificent & well arranged, I thought the 
King looked very well, he did not walk much, but 
what he did was done much better than I expected. 

" I thought that the description of Stowe was too 
large to send by post and have therefore waited for an 
opportunity to send it. 

" The Duke is now at Sea, and I do not know where 
to direct to him. Charles has lowered himself very 
much by making his attack upon the memory of Can- 

1 Huskisson resigned the Colonial Office and Sir George Murray 
took his place. Ld. Palmerston left the War Office, Mr. C. Grant 
the Treasury of the Navy and Presidency of the Board of Trade. Ld. 
Dudley did resign the Foreign Office. 

2 1st Ld. Forester; born 1707; mar. 1800, Katharine, 2nd dau. 
of 4th D. of Rutland. He died May 23rd, 1828. 



1828] SIR STEPHEN GLYNNE 369 

ning the day after the debate and then leaving the 
House lest any body should answer him. Palmerston 
gave a general dressing to the detractors and then 
Dawson most foolishly put the Cap on Chandos' head." 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" VALE ROYAL, September 10th. 

" I will talk of the great event of the Principality 
the bringing young Sir Stephen l of age, for which all 
sorts of preparations are being made, excepting the 
one most necessary to give effect to the whole, a hearty 
gaiete de Coeur, in Mary, 2 whose Spirits are so low at 
the thoughts of quitting the Castle, that I know not 
how she will assume the semblance proper for the 
occasion. I cannot conceive how an event so common, 
and so looked forward to with as much certainty as 
can belong to anything in prospect, can so subdue her, 
but such certainly is the case. 

" He has never said a word about her continuing 
there as his ...(?)& at all events it appears much 
more desireable that all her Concerns with the Castle 
should be closed at the natural period. She talks of 
going straight to Paris for 3 or 4 months, but speaks 
of it quite with horror, being sure that she shall be tired 
to death of it from the first day of her arrival, of which 
indeed I have no doubt, and why she should impose 
upon herself such an infliction, I do not understand. 

" Your Uncle Tom, who is really as well, I am happy 
to say, as ever I saw him in his life, & I assure you 3 
Septuagenarians 3 are quite vain of their active powers." 

The Same 

" VALE ROYAL, September 24th. 

" Hugh returned last night from Ha warden Castle, 
where he had been assisting at the Tenantry celebra- 

1 Sir Stephen Glynne, 9th and last Bart. ; born 1807 ; sue. his father 
1815; died unmar. 

2 Hon. Lady Glynne. 

3 Lady Williams Wynn, aged 74 ; Ld. Grenville, aged 70 ; Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Grenville, aged 73. 



370 SIR STEPHEN'S COMING OF AGE [CHAP, xvn 

tion of Sir Stephen's coming of age, which took place 
on the 22nd, and was ushered in by a letter from him 
to his Mother desiring that she should continue to 
make the Castle her permanent Home, and assuring 
her of his perfect confidence that his Concerns there 
never would be so well looked after as under her Eye. 
This was the more gratifying to her as he had never 
dropped a hint of his having an intention, and that she 
had, as her Brother George l said, fretted herself quite 
thin & ill with the thoughts of quitting a place so 
endeared to her, and looking for another Home. 
There is to be a grand Ball for the Nobility & Gentry 
at Hawarden on the 29th. to which about 300 are asked. 
The Tenants Fete went off as usual with great satisfac- 
tion, i.e. with great profusion of eating and drinking, 
hallowing & Speechifying. The Chester Papers notify 
five consecutive Dinners on the same occasion at dif- 
ferent Towns & Inns with tickets from a Guinea to 5/- 
each. 

" Your Sisters have, I hope been the Historiographers 
of the grand Ceremony of the Eisteddfoed, which from 
the beauty of the Spot where it was held, & the un- 
common brilliancy of the day, must I have no doubt, 
been for a short time a most striking and interesting 
Scene, but when it went on to a second and a third day, 
I should think the greatest Enthusiast both for the 
National Music and Poetry must have been a good deal 
over done. 

" Your Sister Charlotte z says the first day's dose was 
more than enough to last her for the rest of her life. 

" Watkin's presentation of the successful Bardess, 
Angharad,* to the Duke of Sussex,* must have been a 
treat, and her Welsh-English answer to his compliments 
on the occasion, surprised the Royal Ear probably not 
a little. . . ." 

1 George Neville, born 1789; 3rd s. of 2nd Ld. Braybrooke; 
assumed the additional surname of Grenville 1825, in accordance with 
the will of his kinsman Ld. Glastonbury. He mar. 1816, Charlotte, 
dau. of 3rd E. of Dartmouth. Master of Magdalene College, Cam- 
bridge, and Dean of Windsor. He died 1854. 

2 Mrs. Shipley. 

8 Miss Angharad Llwyd (see note p. 256). 

4 Augustus Frederick, D. of Sussex, 6th s. of King George III; 
born 1773. He died 1843. 



1828] PUBLIC CONCERNS 371 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

"CASTLE HILL, December llth, 1828. 

" Of my dear Brother l at Dropmore, I fear the best 
that is to be said is that he does not grow worse, but 
Lady Grenville's 2 fears for him are such as to make 
her desirious of keeping him in as uniform a state of 
quietude as possible, which of course excludes all 
Society, excepting just those whom she must admit, 
& reduces him, therefore poor Fellow to depend entirely 
on her unwearied attentions & his own mental re- 
sources. Of public Concerns, there is, I think nothing 
to be said which either generally or individually can 
make them a pleasing topic. We have only to comfort 
ourselves with the idea that we know nearly as much 
on the subject here, as those do who are in the Cabinet, 
where the Duke of W. 3 puts forth, as I hear, the dictum, 
* that if he thought that the hairs of his head knew 
what was passing in his Brain he would pluck them 
out.' 

" The grand Annonce of the Approaching Fetes at 
Wotton & at Stowe certainly gives me a pang, but 
after all when the Owner of the Demain chuses to put 
on his night-cap, he can hardly reproach the young 
Prince 4 for taking the Crown. The Duke has sent 
home his yacht, and notifies his intention of passing 
the Winter at Rome with the A's, and of returning 
home in the Summer, I wish I thought the last was as 
probable as the first." 

The Same 

"UPPER BROOK STREET, March 2nd, 1829. 

" The defeat of Peel 5 at Oxford, will I suppose be 
matter of great triumph to the Antis', 5 and seems in 

1 Ld. Grenville. 

* Ann, Lady Grenville, dau. of 1st Ld. Camelford of Boconnoo. She 
died 1864 (see p. 10). 

3 D. of Wellington. * Ld. Chandos. 

5 Robert Peel, now Leader of the Commons, had changed his policy 
with regard to the Catholic question, and early in the session of 1829 
had brought in and carried a Bill for the Emancipation of the Catholics ; 
in consequence of this change of view, he felt himself bound to resign 
his seat for the University of Oxford, and to offer himself for re- 
election. Charles voted for his return. He was defeated by Sir 
Robert Inglis, but at once found a seat at Westbury, and returned to 
lead the Commons. 



872 PUBLIC CONCERNS [CHAP, xvn 

my humble opinion to have been a very weak attempt 
on his part, but as to the general question it leaves 
it only just as it was, no one having ever doubted 
the general feeling of the University. In the House 
of Commons there can be no question of the Majority, 
but among the Lords, I can not help thinking it very 
uncertain and the public ferment upon the Measure is 
at this moment so great that I dread the excitement 
which will be produced by its being even hard run. 
The encreased virulence which all this ferment has 
excited among all my Stowe relatives, is to me matter 
of very serious concern, nor do I see any shape in 
which there appears at present a Chance of its sub- 
siding. The Duke talks of coming over in May, but 
when I look at the state in which he will find his 
domestic Circle, and even all his nearest neighbours, 
and his oldest Allies, I hardly bring myself to wish for 
his arrival. 

" I have, I grieve to say, but an indifferent account 
to give of my poor Dropmore Brother who is suffering 
more than usual this last week, owing to his having 
got a fall in crossing his Library, most imprudently 
without his Stick. I trust, however that there is now 
no reason to apprehand any evil consequences from it, 
but of course in his weak state it must be some time 
before he recovers such a severe shake and jarr." 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" UPPER BKOOK STREET, June 25th. 

" I do not know to which of my two loved ' H's ' ' 
I ought to address this Scrap, feeling that I owe to 
both acknowledgements for letters received since I 
wrote last, but truth to say I feel so utterly depousse of 
news, & so entirely out lived the power of making the 
gossip of the day in any degree matter of amusement 
to my correspondents. Of marriages and deaths you 
have, of course regular reports in the Whitehall Gazette. 
In the Matrimonial line the Season has, I think, been 
uncommonly prolific, and some, I understand, are still 
in embryo, such as our Cousin Algernon Herbert, who 

1 Henry and Hester Williams Wynn. 



1830] THE LONDON CAMPAIGN 873 

takes to his very nice Board a young lady without, as I 
understand, either name or fortune, and throws himself, 
as many others have done, and are doing, upon the 
excellent Petworth Milch Cow. Far different is the 
speculation which Lord Graham l is said to be making 
in offering himself to Miss Strachan, to whom (for why 
or wherefore nobody pretends to guess) Lord Hertford 
gives 10,000 in present with the reversion of his house 
in the Regents Park. 

" Our Cousin Porchester * seems to have drawn a 
first-rate gros lot in his accepted suit to Miss Howard 
Molyneux,* the daughter of Lord Henry Howard who, 
with every possible merit of character, brings him an 
Estate of between 5 & 6000 pr. ann. which will be 
7000 on the death of her Mother, 3 and moreover a very 
good set of white Teeth, a circumstance of no small 
value to that Family, d'ailleurs, truth to say hi the 
Congress of parente which was invited the other night, 
to meet her at Lady Ducie's, 4 she was certainly voted 
nem. con. to have as little external Charm as can easily 
be found in 20 years old. 

** The London Campaign is breaking up a pace, and 
it is supposed to have been a very dull one, owing to 
the protracted state of anxiety about the poor King, 
who is said to have often lamented that he may not be 
suffered to die. He is now sinking from extreme weak- 
ness and inflamation on the chest, but it appears pro- 
bable that he will not have any more of his horribly 
painful Spasms. The Bishop of Chichester is in daily 
attendance, to read & pray by him, & his mind seems, 
by report, to be very calm and resigned. 

" The close of poor Lady Powis B life was quite to the 
last, correspondent to the enviable frame of mind 

1 Ld. Graham, afterwards 4th D. of Montrose ; born 1799; mar. 
1836, Caroline, dau. of 2nd Ld. Decies. He died 1874. 

2 Ld. Porchester, s. of 2nd E. of Carnarvon and his wife, Elizabeth 
Acland. Seep. 19. 

3 Lady Henry Howard was sister-in-law of Bernard Edward, 12th D. 
of Norfolk. 

4 Lady Ducie, dau. of 1st E. of Carnarvon; mar. 1793, 1st E. 
of Ducie. She died August 1830. 

8 Henrietta Antonia, Lady Powis, dau. of Henry, 1st E. of Powis, 
and sister and h. of George, 2nd and last E. of Powis. She mar. 
1784, Edward, 2nd Ld. Clive, created E. of Powis 1804. She died 
June 3rd, 1830. 



374 ACCESSION OF WILLIAM IV [CHAP, xvn 

which had so peculiarly and invariably marked her 
bed of sickness and her last words to the Duchess J were, 
* I am quite happy.' Lady Harriet 1 is still at Rich- 
mond but comes up in 2 or 3 days, & from her own re- 
port as well as that of the Friends who have seen her, 
essentially improved. I have every reason to hope 
that I shall find her essentially improved in health 
& strength, both of body and mind. She certainly 
has passed the last 7 months under a pressure of sorrow 
& anxiety which would have shattered the stoutest 
nerves, & much more a frame so easily overpowered as 
hers has been ever since we have known her." 

Public events in the last week of June and through- 
out July 1830 tumbled over each other. On June 26th 
King George IV died. Parliament was dissolved on 
July 23rd. In the meantime a revolution was in being 
in Paris, and the Bourbon King, Charles X, after fruit- 
less efforts at conciliation and compromise, withdrew 
from France and for a second tune found hospitality 
in England. 

King William IV's accession was the signal for 
Wellington's resignation. Parliamentary reform was 
urgent, and Lord Grey, to whom the new King entrusted 
the formation of a Ministry, was prepared to make 
it a Government measure. Charles Williams Wynn 
accepted the post of War Secretary, vacated by Har- 
dinge, but he resigned it as soon as the character and 
scope of the Reform Bill became known. 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

"UPPER BROOK STREET, July 13th. 

" This has been, my dearest Henry, rather an event- 
ful week in the family Circle beginning on Sunday last 
with a sudden summons to Thompson 2 to repair to 

1 Her two daughters, the Duchesa of Northumberland and Lady 
Harriet Williams Wynn. 

* Beilby Lawley Thompson. See p. 11. 



1830] STEWARD OF THE HOUSEHOLD 375 

Wenlock where an alarm of Opposition had arisen from 
two Iron-masters, who had subscribed, some say 500, 
other 300 a piece to get a Candidate to stand against 
the old Interests. It is not, however, supposed that 
they will be able to make anything of it, but it has in- 
duced the necessity of your Brother's going down to 
attend their Races to-morrow. 

"Then comes to him (Watkin) this morning a 
note from Lord Hill 1 signifying that he has H.M.'s 
commands to desire he will attend Him at St. James* 
at 12, it being, His gracious intention to appoint 
him Aid de Camp for the Militia of Wales. This is, 
I suppose a Compliment and Feather, and as such 
will be agreable to him, but it will be brisk work 
for him to get down to Wenlock to-morrow, attend 
the Races and be back the following day for the 
Funeral, 1 which he thinks it, now necessary for him 
to attend. 

" The third Event of the. Duke of Buckingham's 
appointment to be Steward of the Household, was 
notified officially, only yesterday, tho' known to be in 
Embryo the day before. I am sincerely glad of it, as 
I think it just the one thing which will suit him best, in 
giving to him importance and occupation without 
mixing him up more than he already is, in political 
intrigue or Jobbing. It will furnish him with details 
of business which will save him from his sad Ennuie, 
and what is best of all, will induce the necessity of his 
associating with those of his own situation and time 
of day, instead of having to beat up for an Audience of 
Ghost-story listeners among all the Misses of the Family. 
Of course he professes it to have been offered to him in 
the ' most friendly manner by the Duke of Wellington, 
and confirmed in the most gracious one by the King,' 
which all ' va sans dire,' there is as yet no Chamberlain 
appointed & it is supposed that both that and the 
Lord Stewardship has been left to the Duke of Welling- 
ton to make the best use of them, that he could. When 

1 Ld. Hill, 1st Vise. ; born 1772. Distinguished General in the 
Peninsula and other campaigns; Com.-in-Chief 1828-42. Created 
a Baron 1814, and a Vise. 1842. He died unmar. 1842. 

* The King's funeral. 

25 



376 OUR NEW MONARCH [CHAP.-XVII 

Nugent ' learnt the News, he to my great amusement, 
immediately said that he could not but ' be diverted 
at the idea of Her Grace of Buckingham being selected 
to replace the Marchioness of Conyngham ' which I 
think had merit, but when I offered my Compliments 
& congratulations to Her, her answer was, ' It is no 
matter of Joy to me, I can assure you ' which, if felt, 
had certainly better not have been expressed. 

" I do not hear of any new Peers, but hitherto the 
King has been indefatigable in his endeavours to make 
himself popular, and to do goodnatured and amiable 
things in every possible instances. He opens the Com- 
munication from Regent St. to the Park, restores the 
Sunday Promanades on the Terrace at Windsor, & 
takes every opportunity of showing himself, driving at 
a foots pace thro' the Park etc. with his head out of 
the Glasses of his Carriage the whole way, bowing right 
& left. This will of course, after the utter seclusion 
in which the two last Kings have lived, come with re- 
doubled effect, & must, at least, for a tune render him 
very popular." 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

" UPPER BROOK STREET, July 21th. 

" Nothing ever equalled the spirit of amiability and 
kindness, which seems to govern every act and word 
of our new Monarch. Even Uncle Tom, who is not too 
much given to the being a Courtier, said yesterday, 
that he has done only two things which he could have 
wished otherwise. The one was the alteration in the 
Naval Uniform, (which was done from a recollection of 
the worry which it used to be to the young Lieutenants 
to see their new blue Coats spoiled by the Pipe clay 
necessarily applied to their white cuffs) and the other 
the keeping up one half of the late King's racing Stud, 
saying that for his part he never wished to see or hear 
of one of the set, but that he thought it might be right 

1 Ld. Nugent (the D. of Buckingham's brother), 2nd s. of 1st 
Marq. of Buckingham ; born 1 789 ; succeeded to his mother's barony, 
by special remainder, on her death in 1812. He mar. 1813, Ann, 
dau. of Hon. Vere Paulett. He d.s.p. 1850. 



1830] OUR NEW MONARCH 877 

that the King should in some degree encourage the 
Breed and therefore he ordered Delme to keep every 
other Stall inhabitant in the Racing Stable ! The 
French Cooks are all turned off to a man but still his 
dinners are said to be properly handsome. The Ger- 
man Band is all disbanded which Article alone cost 
14,000 per. ann. & throughout His Household he has 
dismissed every Foreigner, all this, however has been 
done with great personal attentions, and upon every 
occasion he shews the most marked desire to please 
his loving subjects, with whom he is, as you will believe 
popular to the greatest degree. Never was there, cer- 
tainly a more striking contrast than he exhibits, in 
some instances perhaps a little more than might be 
wished, but that will find its level. 

" He seems not to have the slightest recollection of 
any former greivances or animosities and in token 
thereof at his Dinner the day before yesterday at 
Apsley House, in drinking the Duke of Wellington's 
health, He made a Speech of a full half hour long full 
of Enconiums to him & professing in the strongest 
terms, * that He possessed his entire Confidence & that 
nothing could or should ever shake that feeling so long 
as he should continue to govern this Kingdom.' This 
has, as you will believe made a great Sensation & will, 
I have no doubt, very essentially influence the pending 
Elections. The Speech was addressed very pointedly 
to the D. of Laval, and other Foreign Ministers who 
were present & who took it in with open Eyes & Mouths. 

" His Steward begins to complain heavily of this un- 
interrupted Succession of great Dinners, which of course 
are persued with redoubled vigour to do honor to ' our 
dear Brother ' of Wurtemberg, 1 but tho' working so very 
hard from Morn till Night, certain it is, that the King 
never has appeared in any way affected by such encreas- 
ing exertion & fatigue both of body & mind. 

" The Queen has extorted from him a promise that 
he will wholly abstain from his perambulations about 
the Streets, which certainly was a very worthy cause 
for her exerting that influence, which I have no doubt 

1 The King of Wurtemberg's wife was Charlotte, Princess Royal, 
the King's sister. 



378 OUR NEW KING [CHAP, xvn 

that she possess over him, tho' she is withal much too 
prudent to bring it forward unnecessarily." 

From the Rt. Hon. Thomas Grenville to the Rt. Hon. 
Henry W. W. W. 

" CLEVELAND SQUARE, July 28th, 1830. 

" Many thanks, my dearest Henry, for your Danish 
Catalogue, altho' it does not furnish to me any article 
of curiosity enough to excite your bibliographical 
activity which you so kindly offer in my service. 

" Our new King is daily gaining great personal 
popularity by his grace and kindness to every-body 
that approaches him, and at his Dinner two days 
ago at the Duke of Wellington's the King in giving 
his health, made a Speech of a quarter of an hour 
long in praise of the Duke of Wellington and declared 
at the same time his ' unlimited ' confidence in him, 
and his ' determination to support him to the utter- 
most.' So that you see there is the strongest avowal 
that can be given of the King's favour and confidence, 
more especially as the King added in his Speech that 
he purposely took the opportunity of making such a 
declaration in order that all the Foreign Ministers 
might hear it from his own mouth. I hear the Duke 
has made a short, a modest, and a proper answer, to 
say that as long as he enjoyed the honor of his Master's 
favor and_ confidence, he should use it only for the pur- 
pose of endeavouring to maintain peace and concord 
in Europe. 

" July you see has been fertile with us of great 
events. . . ." 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry W.W.W 

"CASTLE-HILL, August 17th. 

" What an extraordinary convulsion has been taking 
place in France since I wrote to you last. The rapidity 
with which the Change took place & the sudden ap- 
parent calm into which it seems to have subsided, 
made it at first seem quite like a dream. 



1830] THE DUKE'S APPOINTMENT 379 

" Nobody is able even to suggest what is likely to 
become of the wandering ci-devants for whom, (or 
rather for some of whom), it is impossible not to feel 
great compassion. 

" George Fortescue was at Wardour attending his 
Hindon Election, when the Storm broke out, and Mary 
Arundel's l distress was very great, indeed it was im- 
possible that she should not feel much Concern for 
some of the Individuals. 

" Even her Brother G. z with all his ultra Liberal 
feelings cannot entirely divest himself of personal re- 
grets for those mixed up with so many of his early 
recollections. I hope they will all go to Rome which 
seems the best & most natural refuge for them. 

" I think I have hardly written to you since your 
good Cousin's s appointment in the Royal Household. 
Never was there such a creature more pleased than he 
is with his new situation, which he has found quite a 
specific for his Gout, his low spirits, & in short all his 
ills. I really believe that the constant fluid State 
in which he was kept by the daily duties of his 
Office have kept him, thro' all the hot weather which 
we had in July, has had upon him all the beneficial 
effects of his dear Colchicum, without its deliterious 
ones, while all the extraordinary good-nature and 
kindness of his Master to all about him, must render 
their Attendance infinitely less irksome than it can in 
general have been found. He has now given him a 
furlough of * as long as he pleases,' but I suppose he 
must come up again for a short time at least, in October. 
The early Meeting of Parliament & the expectation of 
important business with which the Session must open, 
will sadly break in, both on the Lords & Commons and 
make a very dull latter Season. 

" I hear the King has regularly notified to the Duke 
of Buckingham his intention of visiting him at Stowe 
next Summer in his progress to Edinburgh." 

1 Lady Arundel, Mary Anne, dau. of 1st Marq. of Buckingham ; 
mar. 1811, James, 10th Baron Arundel. She was sister of the let 
D. of Buckingham and niece to Lady Williams Wynn, Lady For- 
tescue, and Lady Carysfort. She died without children 1845, 

a George, Ld. Nugent. See p. 376, 

3 D, of Buckingham. 



380 A NARROWING OUTLOOK [CHAP, xvn 

The first pause in the long correspondence of over 
thirty years comes unexpectedly : on November 27th 
Lady Williams Wynn had a stroke, which for some 
months enfeebled her powers, but she gradually regained 
something of her old vigour, and in the summer of 1831 
she was moved out of London for a change, to a villa 
at Richmond, an arrangement made for her through 
the kind offices of " Uncle Tom." At Richmond she 
once again takes up her pen, and her letters show that 
her interest in politics, as well as in her neighbours, 
is as fresh as ever. In the autumn she had the joy 
of receiving a visit from Henry, now K.C.B., and his 
wife, but after their return to Copenhagen, in the 
spring of 1832, her letters become very few and far 
between, and her outlook on the world is narrowing. 

From Lady Delamere to the Rt. Hon. Henry W. W. W. 

"BROOK STREET, December 3rd, 1830. 

" MY DEAREST HENRY, Thank God I have nothing 
but comfort to give you about our beloved Mother. 
Sir Henry Halford has this moment left saying that 
she is going on as well as possible and that * he scarcely 
ever saw anyone in a similar case recover so satis- 
factorily or regain strength so fast.' 

" Her memory and intellect are most astonishing, as 
when I read the Psalms to her she repeats every one 
of the responses by heart. . . . 

" No words can ever express the affection and tender- 
ness of my dearest Uncle who is, as she herself desired 
me to tell him, * quite an Angel of comfort to her.' " 



From Fanny W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Henry 
W. W. W. 

" BROOK STREET, December 10th. 

" Thank God my dearest Henry our beloved Mother 
goes on as well as we could expect. Sir Henry Halford 
has every day expressed himself perfectly satisfied, 



1831J A VILLA AT RICHMOND 381 

he says, ' I care not two pence for her age there is so 
much spring and vigour hi her Constitution.' 

" Letters arrive sometimes so irregularly at this 
time of year that it may be better to say in two words 
that my dear Mother suffered on Saturday 27th, (Novem- 
ber) a paralytic Stroke which deprived her of the use 
of the left side but never for one moment affected her 
Mind. Her mouth is very slightly compressed on one 
side, & her Speech very little thickened." 



From Fanny W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry 
W. W. W. 

" BBOOK STREET, June 10th. 

" Thank God I may still report some progress to- 
wards recovery in my beloved Mother, and have just 
heard a most favorable report from Sir Henry. He 
does not think it at all advisable that she should under- 
take a long Journey, I am therefore now in high hunt 
for a Villa for the Summer, and as yet cannot fix upon 
one, I am looking between Hampton and Richmond, 
the society of Hampton Court, though not very intel- 
lectual, will I think furnish a card table and a morning 
visit better than those of higher pretensions." 



From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry 
W. W. W. 

"July -Qth, 1831. 

" You have of course heard from some of the family 
correspondants of the fresh instance of your dear 
Uncle Tom's liberality or rather boundless kindness in 
supplying me with the great and valuable desideratum 
of a Villa with which he presents my most excellent 
Nurse Fanny and thereby gives her an interest in it 
which will in some degree counteract the dullness of 
her monotonous hours by the side of my great Chair. 
The spot itself is certainly uncommonly cheerful & 
full of varies objects, being close upon the banks of 
the River, opposite to Mr. Cambridge's meadows & 



882 TALK OF CORONATION [CHAP, xvn 

within a hundred yards of the beautiful Bridge. Of 
society too she will be sure to have a choice, which will 
be to her of more value than any external beauties, 
and if it pleases God that I recover some little use of 
my limbs, which have of course been enfeebled in no 
small degree by the heat of the last month, I trust we 
shall pass three or four months very comfortably. We 
have it for six months & the house is good enough to 
give me no fear of suffering cold. My dearest Brother 
completed his kindness by taking a Lodging by me, 
by the week that he may come and look at me. Grieved 
am I to think that I cannot look to the dear Princi- 
pality as in my neighbourhood, but in the present 
state of things there seems little possibility of any 
body turning their backs on the Metropolis for any 
length of time this Season. 

" Within the last three days there has been much talk 
of Coronation which they say must come on during 
the Summer but is to be as much compressed in point 
of expence and parade as possible. There is not to be 
any ceremonial beside that which is confined to the 
Abbey, no Banquet, no procession, in short as little as 
can be attached to the necessary form of the King's 
taking the Oaths, & putting on his Crown. I should 
suppose it is most likely just to fall in with your in- 
tended trip which will be a very tidy coincidence. 

" The Town has been mad with Balls and Fetes of 
various kinds, the last always the finest, and gratifying 
it is to think of what advantage it must have been 
to trade, which indeed one has gratefully trumpetted 
in every shop in to which one goes. I hear from Fanny 
that the last nights Irish Ball at Drury Lane was the 
finest spectacle she ever saw, and it is gratifying to 
think that the brilliancy of it did not end with the 
extinguishing of the lights. 

" I have been writing to you with a wretched hard pen 
which is very unfavorable to a weak and trembling 
hand and will not allow me to proceed any further, so 
with much love compressed into as few words, I remain 
to my dear Hs and all their belongings, their most 
kindly affectionate Mother. 

" C, W. W." 



1832] AN INVITATION TO STOWE 383 

From Lady W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry W. W. W. 

"RICHMOND, October Uth, 1831. 

" We are still as you see under the influence of the 
horrible Reform Bill and when or how we are ever to 
look to the being at rest again God only knows. It is 
fearful to think of being at the mercy of an infuriated 
mob but we must hope for the best tho' in what shape 
that is to be looked for nobody I believe can tell. 

" Ebrington's speeches from as far as the Newspaper 
report one can collect, have been very calm and gentle- 
manlike which is an enconium which few others can 
lay claim to. I hear they talk of proroguing the Par- 
liament this week, which will be to many a most wel- 
come prolongation of holidays. 

" My brother Tom and my sister have most kindly 
devoted themselves to me for a fortnight from Monday 
next. We have taken for them a house within 3 or 4 
doors which I trust they will find very clean and com- 
fortable and I know it will give you pleasure to hear of 
a circumstance which holds out to me the prospect of 
such unexpected gratification and enjoyment. 

" Adieu my dearest, dear Henry, I hope you duly 
gave all the assurances of kindest love & remembrance 
from me to your most dear and excellent moitie, and 
all your Board of young ones, and remain comme tou- 
jours, 

" Ever, Ever most affectionately yours, 

" C. H. W. W." 



From Fanny W. W. to the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry 
W. W. W. 

[Undated; probably April 1832.] 

" Did I tell you of the extraordinary kindness of the 
Duke and Duchess who want my Mother to make Stowe 
her Summer residence, giving her the Clarence Apart- 
ments and the one above for me, quite a House, to live 
as much in her own rooms as she pleased, with a back- 
way and a very few steps into the Garden & tho' last 
but best of all a Medical man always in the house. 
No son could do more, few would and none of hers 



884 THE CURTAIN FALLS [CHAP, xvn 

who would can, indeed I hardly know any where such 
a position for an invalid. It would be to me a great 
comfort to feel that in their present total lack of society 
one can in some degree repay this excessive kindness 
by attention and conversation." 

The visit to Stowe during the summer was never 
accomplished. Fanny and her patient remained quietly 
at Richmond until the autumn, when the last act 
ended suddenly and the curtain was rung down. 

On October 3rd, 1832, sitting in her " great chair," 
her writing materials round her, and some finished 
letters on her table, the final seizure came, and thirty- 
six hours later Lady Williams Wynn passed away. 

All her children, excepting Henry, were with her. 
Their sorrow in her loss was shared by the nephew, 
who had ever looked for her presence at the times of 
his own rejoicings, and who, when her health failed, 
offered her a welcome, and lavish care. With a letter 
from Copenhagen, and one from the Duke, these selec- 
tions from the Correspondence fittingly close. 

From the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry W. W. W. to the Rt. 
Hon. Charles W. W. W. 

"COPENHAGEN, October 13th, 1832. 

" MY DEAR CHARLES, Your letter of the 1st only 
reached me at the same time as those from my Sisters 
announcing to me the death of our beloved Mother. 
Her age and former attacks ought perhaps to have 
prepared me for this melancholy event, but the blow 
when it came was most unexpected, we had only the 
preceding week received a letter from her, the sub- 
stance and handwriting of which delighted us, as they 
were like those of former days. 

" I have, notwithstanding my frequent absences, so 
long considered her existence as bound up with my 
own, that I can hardly persuade myself of the sad 
reality that she is gone. Few Children ever owed so 
much to a Parent, we have not, I hope any of us, been 



1832] CONDOLENCES 885 

insensible of the Blessing conferred on us, by so effec- 
tually supplying the place of him we so early lost. 
God grant that we may follow her bright example, and 
that we may go to the Grave as justly regretted by our 
Children. 

" God bless you my dear Charles, to our lamented 
Parent we owe those precepts of attachment to one 
another which makes the comfort of our latter years. 

" H. W. W. W." 

From the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to the 
Rt. Hon. Sir Henry W. W. W. 

"AvnroTON, November 1st, 1832. 

" MY DEAR WYNN, I have been so unwell since the 
late sad event that I have scarcely had the power of 
taking up my pen to offer you my condolences. All 
that can be said is that it must be a great comfort to 
you all that your poor Mother died full of feeling of the 
affectionate care taken of her to the last moment by 
her children, and it is indeed a consolation to you to 
reflect how fully you all deserve, by your attention to 
her, her latest and warmest feelings. Never did chil- 
dren follow, or better do their duty by their Parent. 

" Thank God your dear Mother was spared the con- 
sciousness of the pain of parting, and she died free from 
pain. 

"I fear that my poor Uncle Tom is severely beat 
down by the blow. Harriet is also very heavy struck. 
In short the death of one so beloved as your Mother 
was, is felt like an electric shock through all parts 
equally of a very extended circle. I trust that your 
health is good. Remember me most kindly to your 
Wife, and believe me always, 

" Yours affectionately, 

"BUCKINGHAM & CHANDOS." 



INDEX 



Abbott, Charles, Speaker, resigna- 
tion, 198, 203. See Colchester 

Abdy, Sir William, 109 n. 

Abercorn, James, 1st Marquess of, 
172, 177 n. 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph, Com- 
mander-in-Chief, 29 

Aberystwyth, National Library 
of Wales, v, 14 

Aboyne, George, Lord, 331 n. See 
Huntly 

Acard, Citoyen, ascent in a 
balloon, 70 

Acklom, Esther, marriage, 170 

Acklom, Richard, 170n. 

Acland, Elizabeth, 19, 373 n. See 
Porchester 

Acland, Lady Harriet, 19 n., 20 n. 

Acland, Col. John Dyke, 19 n., 
20 n. 

Aeland, Sir Thomas, 20 n. 

Acton, 74, 186 

Addington, Henry, Prime Minis- 
ter, 67, 72, 274 n. ; nickname, 
80 n.; abuse of Pitt, 111. 
See Sidmouth 

Addington, Lord, 274 n. 

Adelaide, Queen, 266 n. 

Adolphus, Prince, 66. See Cam- 
bridge 

Albemarle, William, 4th Earl of, 
239 n. 

Alexander I, Emperor of Russia, 
at Berlin, 91 ; Dresden, 92 ; 
Olmutz, 92 ; refuses an armis- 
tice, 92 ; death, 333, 340 

Alnemouth, 322 

Alnwick, 322 

Althorp, Lord, marriage, 170. 
See Spencer 

America, South, trade with, 333 

Amherst, William Pitt, 1st Earl, 
206, 213, 334 n. 

Amiens, Treaty of, 67 ; abortive, 
77 



Amyand, Sir George, 327 n. 
Ancaster, 2nd Duke of, 78 n. 
Ancaster, Peregrine, 3rd Duke of, 

138 n., 239 n., 250 n., 313 n., 

344 n. 
Andover , William, Viscount, 1 1 3 n. , 

224 n. 
Anglesey, Charlotte, Lady, 145 n., 

192 n. 
Anglesey, Henry William, 1st 

Marquess of, 145 n., 192 n., 194, 

217 n., 238 n., 276 n., 312 n., 

31 5 n.,; High Steward at the 

Coronation of George IV, 245 
Angouleme, Due d', at Stowe, 121 
Angouleme, Marie Th6rese Char- 
lotte, Duchesse d', 121 n. 
Anne, Queen, 2 
Anson, Hon. George, 367 n. 
Anson, Thomas, 1st Viscount, 

360 n. 

Antrim, insurrection in, 34 
Antrim, William, 6th Earl of, 

321 n. 
Argyll, Caroline Elizabeth, 

Duchess of, 145 n., 312, 315 
Argyll, George, 6th Duke of, 

145 n., 312 n. 

Argyll, John, 5th Duke of, 218 n. 
Arklow, 33 

Armstead, Elizabeth Bridget, 70 n. 
Army, sale of commissiona, 30 n. 
Arundel, James, 10th Baron, 

marriage, 152, 379 n. 
Arundel, Mary Anne, Lady, 122n., 

379; at Paris, 356 
Ashburton, Anne, Lady, marriage, 

342. See Macdonald 
Ashburton, Lord, 342 n. 
Ashridge, 334 
Ashton, John, 245 n. 
Ashton, Mary Anne, 245 n. 
Astle, 187, 261 
Astley, Sir Jacob, marriage, 227. 

See Hastings 



387 



Aston Hall, theatricals, 305 

Atholl, John, 4th Duke of, 197 n. 
313 n. 

Atholl, Marjorie, Duchess of, 313 

Auckland, William 1st Lord 
50 n., 247 n. 

Audley End, 75, 123 ; improve- 
ments at, 338 

Augusta, Princess, 143 n., 228, 
300 

Austerlitz, Battle of, 93, 95 

Austria, Emperor of, 168 n. 

Austria, Empress of, death, 212 

Austrian army, capitulates at 
Ulm, 90 ; enters Lyons, 170 

Avaray, Due d', 292 n. 

Avington, 269 

Aylesbury, 253 



Baden, Prince of, 102 n. 
Bagnall, John, 343 n. 
Bagot, Sir Charles, 217 n., 225 
Bagot, Emily, Lady, 330 n. 
Bagot, Frances, 113n. 
Bagot, Henrietta, 21 7 n. 
Bagot, Louisa, Lady, 330 n. 
Bagot, Mary, 113n. 
Bagot, Richard, 113n., 225 
Bagot, Sir Walter, 224 n. 
Bagot, William, 2nd Baron, 225, 
330 ; gift of money to, 229 ; 
marriage, 258 
Bagration, Prince, 93 
Bagwell, Mr. 243 
Baird, Sir David, at the battle 

of Corunna, 129 
Bajariovitz, Anne de, 51 n. 
Balcarres, James, 5th Earl of, 

250 n. 
Ballinger, Mr., Librarian of the 

National Library, vi 
Banks, county, suspend payment, 

334 
Bantry Bay, French fleet anchor 

in, 29 

Bar-sur-Aube, 168n. 
Barcelona, note, 188 
Barnard, Sir Andrew, at Wynn- 

stay, 230 

Barnstaple, election, 110 
Barrington, George, 6th Viscount, 

206 n., 346 n. 
Bassett, Francis, 31 In. Be* 

Dunstanville 

Bastard, Edmund Pollexfeu, 211 
Bath, Harriet, Lady, 197n. 
Bath, 1st Marquess of. 197 n. 



Bath, Thomas, 2nd Marquess of, 

363 n. 
Bathurst, C. B., President of the 

Board of Control, 258 n. 
Bathurst, Lady Georgina, 271 
Bathurst, Henry, 3rd Earl, 271 n.; 

President of the Board of 

Trade, 148 
Bayley, Henry, 144 n. See 

Uxbridge 

Beaufort, Charles, 4th Duke of, 6 
Beaufort, Emily, Duchess of, 

275 n, 
Beaufort, Georgina, Duchess of, 

275 n. 

Beaufort, Henry, 7th Duke of, 
163n., 275 n., 367 n. 

Beaufort, Henry, 8th Duke of, 
367 n. 

Beckford, William, 303 n. 

Bedford, Georgina, Duchess of, 
235 n., 282 n. 

Bedford, John, 6th Duke of, 
235 n., 250 n.; attack on the 
Duke of Buckingham, 281 ; 
correspondence, 284-289 

Belgrave, Lady Elizabeth, 276; 
death of her son, 306 ; appear- 
ance, 366 

Belgrave, Richard, Lord, 209, 

276 n., 330; at Wynnstay, 
230. See Westminster 

Bell, Andrew, 249 

Belvoir, painting on the ceiling 

of the Great Saloon, 347 
Benkendorff, Princess Dorothea 

de, 340 n. See Lieven 
Bennet, Elizabeth Amelia, 215 n. 
Bennet, R. H. A., 215 n., 

216n. 

Bentinck, Lord Henry, 296 
Bentinck, Mary, Lady, 296 n. 
Bentinck, Lord William, 142 
Benyon, Elizabeth, 280 n. 
Benyon, Richard, 280 
Beresford, Henry de la Poer, 

40 n. See Waterford. 
Beresford, Lady Sarah, marriage, 

342 
Berkeley, Frederick, 6th Earl, 

221 n. 
Berkeley, Thomas, 6th Earl, 

221 n. 

Berlin, mission to, 8, 42 
Beme, 280, 294 
Berry, Lady Charlotte, 270 
Berthier, Louis Alexander, Mar- 
shal of France, 81 



INDEX 



Bertie, Lady Priscilla, 138n., 

250 n., 313 n. 

Bertie-Greathead, Bertie, 78 
Berwick, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Barons, 

228 n., 296 n. 
Beseborough, Frederick, 3rd Earl 

of, 183n., 222 n. 
Bessborough, Lady, 8 
Best, Marianne, 271 n. 
Best, Admiral Hon. Thomas, 271 n. 
Bethlehem, 159 
Bexley, Nicholas, Baron, 247 n., 

294 n., 299 n. 
Bickerton, Sir R., 169 
Billingbear, 25, 54, 55 
Blane, Sir Gilbert, 213 
Blaquiere, Anna Maria de, 36 n. 
Blaquiere, Lord de, 36 n. 
Bligh, Captain Thomas, 329 n. 
Bloomfield, 1st Baron, letter 

from, 357 

Bloomfield, Harriet, Lady, 357 n. 
Boats, Ellen, 242 n. 
Boats, William, 242 n. 
Bochur, Mrs., 364 
Boconnoo, 10, 128 
Bodrhyddan, 15 
Boileau, Lady Catherine, 327 
Boileau, Mr., marriage, 327 
Bonaparte, Jerome, 298, 329 n. ; 

advance on Dresden, 104 ; 

marriages, 105 

Bonaparte, Madame Jer6me, 298 
Bonaparte, Lucien, Prince of 

Canino, 100 
Boothby, Sir Brook, at Dresden, 

100 

Bosphorus, the 155 
Boston, Frederick, 2nd Baron, 

207n. 
Bouverie, Hon. Bartholomew, 

360 n. 

Boycott, Charlotte, 335 
Bradford, George, 2nd Earl of, 

314 n. 
Bradford, Orlando, 1st Earl of, 

at Wynnstay, 230, 231 ; acci- 
dent, 232 

Bradford, Lucy, Lady, 231 n. 
Bradshaw, Dandy, 293 
Bragg- Bathuret, Rt. Hon. Charles, 

Chancellor of the Duchy of 

Lancaster, 274 

Bragg-Bathurst, Charlotte, 274 n. 
Braybrooke, George, 2nd Baron, 

54 n., 132 n., 201 n., 336 n. 
Braybrooke, John, 1st Baron, 

23 n. 



Braybrooke, Richard, 3rd Baron 

22, 23, 235 n., 338 
Bread, scarcity of, 62 
Breadalbane, John, 1st Marquees 

of, 232; at Stowe, 317 
Breadalbane, Mary, Lady at 

Stowe, 317 
Brentford, 62 
Brest, 29 

Breydenbach, " Peregrination," 23 
Bridgeman, Lady Mary Selina 

314n. 
Bridgeman, Vice- Admiral Charlea 

231 

Bridgewater, Countess of, 333 
Bridgewater, John, 7th Earl of, 

237 
Bridport, Alexander, 1st Viscount, 

50 

Bristoe, Robert, 100 n. 
Bristoe, Susannah, 100 n. 
Bristol, 3rd Earl of, 273 n. 
Brooke, Emily, at Wynnstay, 230 
Brooke, Harriet, Lady, 305 
Brooke, Mary, 290 n. See Riddell 
Brooke, Peter Langford, 210 n. 
Brooke, Sir Richard, 290 n., 

305 n. ; at Wynnstay, 133 
Brooke, Thomas, 230 n. 
Brougham, Henry, Baron, 220, 

243 

Broughton, John, Baron, 237 n. 
Browne, Herbert, 49 n. 
Brownlow, Elizabeth, 99 n. 
Brownlow, Rt. Hon. W., 99 n. 
Brownrigg, Robert, Bart., 66 
Bruce, James, friendship with 

Lady Hester Stanhope, 164 
Brudenell, Lady Emma, marriage, 

309, 363 
Brudenell, Lord, duel, 309. See 

Cardigan 

Brunsden, Charles, 366 n. 
Brunswick, Duke of, 109 n., 

242 n. 
Brydges, Lady Anne Eliza, 88 n., 

316 n. See Buckingham 
Buccleugh, Charlotte, Duchess of, 

340 n., 363 n. 
Buccleugh, Walter, 5th Duke of, 

marriage, 340, 363 
Buck, Sarah, 234 n. See Enkme 
Buckingham, Alice, Duchess of, 

316 n. 
Buckingham, Anne Eliza, Lady, 

279, 316 
Buckingham, Caroline, Duchess 

of, 316n. 



390 



INDEX 



Buckingham, George, 1st Marquess 
of, 7, 23 n., 39, 80, 88 n. ; 
entertains Louis XVIII at 
Stowe, 118-122; letters to 
H. W. W., 118, 268-270, 296, 
360, 385 ; death, 170 n. 

" Buckingham, John, Duke of, 
Works of," 357 

Buckingham, Mary, Lady, 7, 23 n., 
235 n., 317 n. ; epigram on the 
Prince and Princess of Conde, 
131 

Buckingham and Chandos, Rich- 
ard, 1st Duke of, 8, 88 n., 
276 ; portrait, vi ; at Ryde, 
1 70 ; wish for a Dukedom, 
244 ; receives the Garter, 247 ; 
unpopularity at Aylesbury, 
253 ; negotiations with the 
Foreign Office, 268-270 ; at 
Avington, 269 ; " meeting " 
with the Duke of Bedford, 
281 ; correspondence with him, 
284-289 ; advice to Henry 
W. W. on the mission to Berne, 
296 ; christening of his grand- 
son, 316-320 ; purchases 
estates, 323 ; wish to be 
appointed Governor- General of 
India, 328, 332, 335, 336; 
limitations, 336 ; tour abroad, 

335, 336; Private Diary, 

336, 360 n. ; relations with 
Charles W, W., 336, 346, 
348-350 ; at Stowe, 345 ; 
Steward of the Household, 
355, 375, 379 ; cruise in the 
Mediterranean, 360 ; ascent of 
Mount Vesuvius, 367 ; at Rome, 
371 ; invitation to Lady Wynn, 
383 ; on her death, 385 

Buckingham, Memories of the 
Duke of, 335 

Buckingham and Chandos, Rich- 
ard Plantagenet, 2nd Duke of, 
232 n., 235, 317 n., 319 n. 

Buckingham and Chandos, Rich- 
ard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of, 
christening, 316, 319 

Buckinghamshire, John, 2nd Earl 
of, 61 n., llln. 

Buckinghamshire, Robert, 4th 
Earl of, 362 n. 

Bucknall, Sophia, 234. See Paget 

Bucknall, Hon. W., 234 n. 

Buckworth, Charles Watkin John, 
292 n. See Shakerley 

Burdett, Sir F., 144 



Burdett, Sir Robert, 144 n. 

Burgh, Lady Catherine de, mar- 
riage, 193 

Burghersh, John, Lord, 238 n. 

Burghersh, Priscilla Anne, Lady, 
238 

Burke, Sir Thomas, 193 n. 

Burnand, Ellen, 21 7 n. 

Burnand, George, 217 n. 

Burrell, Elizabeth, 216n. 

Burrell, Hon. Elizabeth, marriage, 
339. See Clare 

Burrell, Frances Julia, 215 n. 

Burrell, Miss, 363 

Burrell, Peter, 215 n. 

Burrell, Sir Peter, 250. See 
D'Eresby 

Burrell, Sir Peter, 138 n., 250. 
See Gwydyr 

Bury, Rev. Edward, 21 8 n. 

Bute, Frances, Lady, 310 

Bute, John, Earl of, 215 n. 

Bute, John, 1st Marquess of, 310n. 

Butler, Lady Eleanor, 218 ; bund- 
ness, 226, 263, 362 ; operation 
on her eyes, 329 

Buxton, 166 

Cabarerme, Madame, 70 
Cabinet, resignation, 354 
Cadiz, 130, 145, 162 
Cadogan, Charles, 1st Earl, 145 n., 

192n. 

Caerynwch, 26 
Cairo, 160 
Calder, Sir Robert, court-martial 

on, 89, 93 ; career, 89 n. 
Caledon, Catherine, Lady, 329 
Caledon, Dupre, 2nd Earl of, 

329 n. 

Calvary, Mount, 159 
Cambridge, Adolphus Frederick, 

Duke of, 65 n. ; action against, 

143 

Camden, Frances, Lady, 194 
Camden, John, 1st Marquess, 1 32 n. , 

194n. 

Camelford House, sale of, 304 
Camelford, 1st Lord, 23 n., 277 n., 

371 n. ; killed in a duel, 10 
Camelford, Thomas, 2nd Baron, 

277 n. 
Cameron, General Sir Alexander, 

128, 130; at the battle of 

Corunna, 130 n. 
Campbell, Anne Preston Menzies, 

129 n. 
Campbell, Caroline, 250 n. 



INDEX 



391 



Campbell, Lady Charlotte, 21 8 n. 

Campbell, General Sir Colin, 250 n. 

Campbell, Eleanora, marriage, 217 

Campbell, Lady Elizabeth, at 
Stowe, 317 

Campbell, Colonel John, 21 7 n 
218 n. 

Campbell, Lady Mary, 232, 235 

Cana, 157 

Canning, Rt. Hon. George, 243 ; 
Foreign Secretary, 124, 143, 
291 n. ; President of the Board 
of Control, 258 ; resignation, 
258 ; leader of the House of 
Commons, 275 ; support of 
the Catholic Emancipation Bill, 
354; Prime Minister, 354; 
death, 355 ; illness, 356 ; re- 
covery, 358 

Canterbury, Viscount, 205 n. 

Capel, Harriet Jane, story of, 227 

Capel, Hon. John, 227 n. 

Cardigan, 6th and 7th Earls of, 
309 n., 363 n. 

Carhampton, Lord, 29 

Carlisle, Frederick, 5th Earl of, 
138 n. 

Carlisle, George, 6th Earl of, 
143 n., 333 n. 

Carlisle, Georgina, Lady, 143 n. 

Carlscrona, 118 

Carmichael, Sir John, 202 n. 

Carnarvon, Elizabeth, Lady,373 n.; 
death, 346 

Carnarvon, Henrietta, Lady, 
346 n. 

Carnarvon, Henry, 1st Earl of, 
308 n., 346 n., 373 n. 

Carnarvon, Henry, 2nd Earl of, 
194, 373 n. 

Carnarvon, Henry, 3rd Earl of, 
346 n. 

Caroline, Queen, wife of George II, 
224 

Caroline, Queen, trial, 198, 248, 
250, 251, 259; at Rome, 239, 
241, 242 ; arrival in London, 
247; at St. Paul's, 254; 
provision, 266 ; attempt to 
hold a Drawing-room, 270 

Carr, Sir Henry, marriage, 183 

Carrington, Catherine Lucy, 
199n. 

Carrington, Lord, 161 n., 164, 
166, 199.n. ; on the marriage 
settlement of hia daughter 
Hester, 167 ; plan of division 
of income, 181 

26 



Carteret, George, 2nd Lord, 197 n. 

Carysfort, Elizabeth, Lady, 12, 
65, 191 ; illness, 301 

Carysfort, Granville, 3rd Earl of, 
215 n. 

Carysfort, John, 1st Earl of, 12, 
38, 64, 122, 216 n. ; marriages, 
39 n. ; attends the Drawing- 
room, 315 

Carysfort, John, 2nd Earl of, 
38 n., 135 n. 

Castanheira, 130 

Castle Hill, 371, 378 

Castlebar, engagement at, 30 

Castlereagh, Amelia Ann, Lady, 
61 n. 

Castlereagh, Emily, Lady, 111 

Castlereagh, Richard, Viscount, 
61, 111 ; negotiations with the 
Allied Powers, 168. See Lon- 
donderry 

Cathcart, Lord, 283 n. 

Cathcart, Mary, 283 n. 

Catholic Emancipation Bill, 63, 
260, 269, 351, 354, 371 n. ; 
Question, 77, 236, 244, 264, 
304 

Cato Street Plot, 198, 237 

Caton, Louisa Catherine, marriage, 
200. See Hervey and Leeds 

Caton, Richard, 200 n., 329 n. 

Cavendish, George, drowned, 
135 

Cecil, Lady Georgina, marriage, 
192 

Chamberlain, Sir Charles, 231 n. 

Chamberlain, Eliza, marriage, 23 1 

Champagne, Very Rev. Arthur, 
144 n. 

Champagne, Jane, 144 n. 

Chandos, James, 3rd Duke of, 
279 n., 316 n., 319 

Charles X, King of France 
121 n. ; in England, 374 

Charles Edward, Prince, 6 

Charlotte, Princess Royal, 24 n. ; 
marriage, 1 69 

Charlotte, Princess, education, 
109; marriage, 193, 196 

Charlotte, Queen, 196 ; illness, 
208, 210, 214, 216; death, 
221 ; will, 224 ; charities, 
228 

Chatham, Hester, Lady, 5, 12 

Chatham, John, 2nd Earl, 138, 
333, 334; Governor of Ply- 
mouth, 111 ; Master-General 
of Ordnance, 142 



392 



INDEX 



Chatham, Mary, Lady, 11 In., 

333 n. 
Chatham, William, 1st Earl, 3, 

llln., 199 n. 
Chesham, William, 2nd Lord, 

330 n. 

Chesswright, 173 
Chester, Elizabeth, 229 
Chesterfield, Philip, 5th Earl of, 

108 ; treatment by George III, 

108 
Chevigne, Marquis de, marriage, 

265 n. 

Chichester, Bishop of, 373 
Child, John, 149 n. 
Child, Sarah, 149 n. 
Chimay, Prince de, 70 n. 
Chirk Castle, 221 
Chiswick, 16, 17 
Cholmondeley, Caroline, death, 

224 

Cholmondeley, Catherine, 324 n. 
Cholmondeley, Lady Charlotte, 

207; marriage, 208 
Cholmondeley, EJizabeth, 337 n. 
Cholmondeley, George, 1st Mar- 
quess, 142, 207 n., 239, 250 n. 
Cholmondeley, George, marriage, 

324 ; stories of, 334, 337, 339 
Cholmondeley, Georgina, Lady, 

239 n. 
Cholmondeley, Harriet, 16, 54 n. ; 

at Astle, 187 ; in London, 207 ; 

at Wynnstay, 230. See Dela- 

mere 
Cholnaondeley, Rev. Horace 

George, 337 n. 
Cholmondeley, Hugh, 272, 278, 

305 n. See Delamere 
Cholmondeley, Marcia, 32 4 n., 

337 n. 

Cholmondeley, Hon. Mary, 324 
Cholmondeley, Rev. Robert, 324 n. 
Cholmondeley, Thomas, marriage, 

16, 150-153. See Delamere 
Cintra, Convention of, 128, 132 
Clancarty, Richard, 2nd Earl, 

185 

Clanricarde, Elizabeth, Lady, 193 
Clanricarde, Thomas, 13th Earl 

of, 193 n. 
Clanricarde, Ulick, 1st Marquess, 

lottery, 335 
Clanwilliam, Richard, 3rd Earl 

of, Ambassador to Berlin. 299 
Clare, Elizabeth, Lady, 339 n. 
Clare, John, 1st Earl of, speech 

on Irish affairs, 61 



Clare, John, 2nd Earl of, marriage, 

339, 344 
Clarence, William, Duke of, 228 n. ; 

marriage, 211 ; nickname, 291, 

343. See William IV 
Clark, Godfrey, Gleanings from an 

Old Portfolio, 178 n. 
Clarke, Mrs., sale of army com- 
missions, 30 n., 137 ; trial, 

137-141; annuity, 139; ex- 
amination of her letters, 143 
Cleveland, Duchess of, " Life of 

Lady Hester Stanhope," v 
Cleveland, Gilbert, Lord, 363 n. 
Cliefden, remains of, 18 
Clifford, Lord de, 338 
Clifton, Edward, Lord, marriage, 

302 

Clifton, Emma, Lady, 302 n. 
Clinton, Charles, 17th Baron, 

31 In. 
Clive, Anne, voyage to Alnwick, 

322 
Clive, Lady Charlotte, marriage, 

200. See Northumberland 
Clive, Edward, 2nd Lord, 218 n., 

373 n. ; marriage, 200, 206. 

See Powis 
Clive, Lady Harriet, 314n. See 

Windsor 
Clive, Lady Harriet, marriage, 

13, 200 n. (See Wynn 
Clive, Henrietta Antonia, Lady, 

218 n. See Powis 
Clive, Henry, voyage to Alnwick, 

322. See Plymouth 
Clive, Lady Lucy, 226 ; birth of 

a son, 219 
Clive, Robert, 244 ; engagement, 

206; broken off, 207; birth 

of a son, 314 

Clive, Robert Windsor, 314n. 
Cobbett, William, 237 
Cobham, Viscount, 3 
Cockburn, Wm., 51 
Coed-y-Maen, vi 
Coigny, Duchesse de, at Stowe, 

120 
Coigny, Francois Henri, Due de, 

at Stowe, 120 

Coke, Mr., sale of Hillesden, 323 
Coke, Thomas, 239. See Leicester 
Colchester, Baron, 198, 203 
Colvin, Sir Sidney, History of the 

Dilettante Society, 7 
Combermere Abbey, 224, 258 
Combermere, Caroline, Lady, 

illness, N 265 



INDEX 



893 



Combermere, P.-M. Stapleton, 
1st Viscount, 56 n., 192, 223 n., 
262 ; appointed Commander- 
in-Chief in India, 265 

Conde, General, at Stowe, 121 

Conde, Prince de, 84 n. ; epigram 
on, 131 

Condorcet, Eliza de, 51 n. 

Congleton, Henry, 1st Lord, 302 n. 

Connaught, condition of, 39 

Constantinople, 164 

Conwy, Sir John, 5n., 15n. 

Conwy, Penelope, 15n. 

Conyngham, Elizabeth, Lady, 
244, 266 n. ; mobbed at 
Brighton, 306 

Conyngham, Lady Elizabeth, 
332 n. 

Conyngham, Francis, 2nd Mar- 
quess of, 238 n., 367 n. ; Master 
of the Robes, 238, 241 ; mar- 
riage, 276n., 311 ; member of 
the Royal Household, 275 ; 
appointed Under - Secretary, 
298 

Conyngham, George, 3rd Marquess 
of, 367 n. 

Conyngham, Henry, 1st Marquess 
of, 238 n., 266 

Cope, Arabella, 37 n. 

Cope, Catherine, 332 n. 

Cope, Sir Charles, 37 n., 332 n. 

Copenhagen, 118, 304, 323; 
Battle of, 65 

Copley, Sir John Singleton, 366. 
See Lyndhurst 

Copson, Thomas, 322 n. 

Corbet, Emma, 242 n. 

Corbet, John, 242 n. 

Corbett, John, 225 n. 

Corbett, Mary, 225 n. See Ky- 
naston 

Corn Bill, 359 

Corn Laws, 351, 354; Repeal of 
the, 304 

Cornwall, Sir George, 190 n., 212, 
245 n., 362 n. 

Cornwall, Harriet, 245 n. 

Cornwall, Lady, in London, 345 

Cornwall, Sir Veltus, birth, 345 n. 

Cornwallis, Charles, 2nd Earl, 
Viceroy of Ireland, 30 ; char- 
acter of his policy, 30 ; career, 
36 n. ; force in Ireland, 37, 38 ; 
proclamation, 39 ; promise to 
the Hosiers, 40 

Cornwallis, George, 2nd Marquess, 
235 n. 



Cornwallia, Jemima, Lady, 36 n. 
Cornwallis, Louisa, Lady, 235 n, 
Corunna, Battle of, 129 n., 130 n. 
Cottesloe, Thomas, 1st Lord 

317n., 318 n. 
Cotton, Frances, Lady, 54 n., 

223 

Cotton, Hester, 223 
Cotton, Lynch, 56 
Cotton, Penelope, 223 
Cotton, Sir Robert Salusbury, 

54 n., 56 n., 222 n., 223 n.. 

292 n. 

Cotton, William, 265 
Courtenay, Hon. Harriet, 197 n. 

See Thynne 

Courtenay, Hon. Louisa, engage- 
ment, 75 ; breaks it off, 88, 

113; marriage, 88 n. 
Courtenay, William, 2nd Viscount. 

75, 197n. 

Coutts, Francis, 310 n, See Bute 
Coutts, Harriet, 331, 340 
Coutts, Sophia, 144 n. 
Coutts, Thomas, 144 n., 310 n., 

331 n., 363 n. 
Cowley, Henry, Earl, 145n., 

192n. 

Cowper, 5th Earl, 132 n. 
Cox, Charlotte, 293. See Greville 
Cox, R. H., 293 
Cracow, 106 

Craddock, Sir John, 131 
Cranborne, Lord, 166. See 

Salisbury 

Creevey, Thomas, 296 
Crowe Hall, 326 
Crewe, Henrietta, 256 n. 
Crewe, John, 1st Baron, 115, 

256 n. 

Crewe, John, 2nd Baron, 256 
Crewe, Miss, 272 
Cuesta, General, 133 
Cunliffe, Emma, 256 
Cunliffe, Foster, 256 n. 
Cunliffe, Sir Foster, 3rd Baron, 

15, 112, 277 n. ; at Wynnstay, 

133 
Cunliffe, Harriet, Lady, 152, 277 ; 

at LlangoUen, 362 
Cunliffe, Mary, marriage, 15, 75, 

112n. See Wynn 
Cunliffe, Robert, in Paris, 73 
Cunningham, W., 342 n. 
Curran, John P., Counsel for 

Lord E. FitzGerald, 40 
Cust, Lionel, History of the Dilet- 
tante Society, 7 



394 



INDEX 



Cuxhaven, 44 

" Cwrw," meaning of the word, 
48 n. 

Dalhousie, George, 8th Earl of, 

100 n. 
D'Arcy, Colonel Joseph, marriage, 

201 
Darnley, John, 3rd Earl of, 

321 n. 
Darnley, John, 4th Earl of, 

64, 99, 302 n. 
Dartmouth, Frances, Lady, 206n., 

346 n. 
Dartmouth, George, 3rd Earl of, 

278 n., 330 n., 336 n., 370 n. 
Dartmouth, William, 2nd Earl of, 

167 n. 
Dartmouth, William, 4th Earl of, 

marriage, 206, 346 
Dashwood, Georgina, marriage, 

227 

Dashwood, Sir Henry, 227 n. 
Davies, Whitittall, 134 
Davis, Sir John, 311 n. 
Dawson, Mr., 243 
Dawson, Rev Mr., 344 
Daylas, John, 357 n. 
Dead Sea, 157, 159 
Decies, John, 2nd Lord, 373 n. 
Delamere, Harriet, Lady, 16, 

278; at the Children's Ball, 366 
Delamere, Hugh, 2nd Baron, 305 
Delamere, Thomas, 1st Baron, 16, 

272 n., 278 
Delaware, George, 5th Earl of, 

resignation, 360 

Delawarr, John, 4th Earl of,201 n. 
Denbigh, Mary, Lady, 280 n., 

346 n. 
Denbigh, William, 7th Earl of, 

marriage, 280, 346 n. 
Denison, Elizabeth, 238 n., 266 n. 
Denison, John, 205 n. 
Denison, Joseph, 238 n., 266 n. 
Denison, Lucy, 250 n. 
Derby, Edward, 12th Earl of, 

53, 276 n., 303 n. 
Derby, Edward, 13th Earl of, 

303 n. 
Derby, Elizabeth, Lady, 53 n., 

303 n. 
D'Eresby, Peter, Baron Willough- 

by, 250 n. 
D'Eresby, Priscilla, Baroness Wil- 

loughby, 31 3 n., 344 
Devereux, Charlotte, marriage, 

139. See Wellington 



Devereux, George, 139n. 
Devereux, Marianne, 139 n. See 

Hereford 

Devon election, 211 
Devonshire, Georgina, Duchess 

of, 53 
Devonshire, William, 4th Duke 

of, 109 n., 135 n. 
Devonshire, William, 5th Duke of, 

53 n., 143 n. 
Devonshire, William Spenser, 6th 

Duke of, 196, 364 
Dickinson, Mr., 203 
Dieppe, 67 
Dilettante Society, 7 
Disbrowe, Colonel, death, 224 
Donkin, Lady Anna Maria, 327 
Donkin, Lieut. -General Sir Ruf- 

fane Shaw, 327 n. 
Donoughmore, Baroness, 247 n. 
Dorset, Charles, 6th Duke of, 

331 n. 
Dorset, John, 3rd Duke of, 

37 n., 213 n., 334 n., 360 n. 
Douglas, Lord, 99 
Douglas, Mrs. Fred, 309 
Downshire, Arthur, 3rd Marquess 

of, 314 n. 
Downshire, Wills, 1st Marquess of, 

194n. 

Downshire, Maria, Lady, 314 n. 
Dresden, 77 ; fete of Mardi 

Gras, 80; "le corridor de 

T Europe," 85 

Dropmore, 10, 125, 149, 365 
Drummond, Charlotte, 362 n. See 

Townley 

Drummond, Clementina, 250 n. 
Drummond, John, 262 
Drummond, Miss, 234 
Drummond, Hon. Mrs. Robert, 

262 
Drury Lane, fire at, 138, 142 ; 

Irish Ball at, 382 
Dublin, attempt to capture, 30 ; 

mail coach office, stables on 

fire, 38 

Dubouchet, John James, 228 n. 
Dubouchet, Sophia, 228 n. 
Ducie, Frances, Lady, 308, 373 
Ducie, Thomas, 1st Earl of, 280 n., 

308 n., 346 n., 373 n. 
Duckenfield, Captain, drowned, 

135 
Dudley, John, 4th Viscount, 366 ; 

at Madeley Manor, 325 ; Foreign 

Secretary, resignation, 368 
Dumeril, M., 182 



INDEX 



395 



Dundalk, 30 

Dundas, Henry, llOn. See Mel- 
ville 

Dundas, Mary, 202 n. 

Dundas, 1st Lord, 202 n. 

Dungannon, Arthur, 3rd Viscount, 
218 

Dunnally, Emily, Lady, 335 n. 

Dunnally, 2nd Baron, marriage, 
335 

Dunrobin, 127 

Dunstanville, Francis, 1st Baron 
de, marriage, 311 

Dutton, James, 239 n. 

Dutton, Jane, 239 n. 

Dysart, Louisa, Countess of, 100 n. 

Ebrington, Hugh, Lord, 11 ; at 
Eton, 22, 24 ; experiences at 
Oxford, 57-59 ; M.P. for Barn- 
staple, 110 ; joins the army 
under General Cameron, 128, 
130 ; on the character of Lady 
Hester Stanhope, 154 ; election 
contest, 198, 212 ; marriage, 
203; death of his wife, 365; 
character of his speeches, 383. 
See Fortescue 

Ebrington, Susan, Lady, 228 n. ; 
death, 365 

Ebury, Robert, 1st Baron, 230 n. 

Eden, Elizabeth, 83 n. 

Eden, Hon. Elizabeth, 60 n. 

Eden, Mary Anne, 220 n. 

Eden, Morton, 83 n. See Henley 

Eden, Sir Robert, 83 n. 

Eden, Sir Thomas, 220 n. 

Edgeworth Town, 167 

Edwards, Georgina, 49 n. 

Edwards, Pryce, 49 n. 

Egerton, Mr. and Mrs., 154, 272 

Egremont, Charles, 1st Earl of, 
346 n. 

Eisteddfod, ceremony of the, 370 

Elba, 164 

Elbe, the, 42 

Eldon, John, 1st Earl of, 51 n., 
274, 343 n. ; Lord Chancellor, 
63 n. ; illness, 234, 236; opposes 
the Catholic Emancipation Bill, 
354 

Election, General, 198, 210, 347 

Elgin, Charles, 5th Earl of, 109 n. 

Elgin, Martha, Lady, 109 ; gover- 
ness to Princess Charlotte, 109 n. 

Eliot, Lady Catherine, marriage, 
327. See Boileau 

Elizabeth, Princess, 24, 216 



Elizabeth Georgina Adelaide, 

Princess, 266 

EUesmere, Francis, Earl of, 324 n. 
Slliot, Homer, death, 220 
Elliott, Cornelius, 202 n. 
Elphinstone, Janet, Lady, 202 
Elphinstone, John, 12th Lord 

202 n. 

Elton, 123, 214, 251, 301 
Elvas, 132 

Elwell, Sir John, 201 n. 
Enghien, Louis de Bourbon, Duo 

d', 84 
England, war with France, 28, 

95 ; Peace Treaty with, 67 
Englishmen, in France, prisoners, 

77, 81 
Enniskillen, William, 1st Earl of, 

46 n. 

Errol, Elizabeth, Lady, 360 n. 
Errol, William, 18th Earl of, 

resignation, 360 
Erskine, Frances, Lady, 234 n. 
Erskine, Sarah, Lady, marriage, 

234 
Erskine, Thomas, 1st Baron, Lord 

Chancellor, 10 ; second mar- 
riage, 234 

Eskalon, plain of, 157 
Essex, George, 5th Earl of, 227 
Eton, 13 ; Montem, 25 
Eton, Mr., book on Russia and 

Turkey, 37 
Exeter, Brownlow, 2nd Marquess 

of, 202, 293 n. ; marriage, 307 
Exeter, Isabella, Lady, 307 

Fagniani, Maria, 308 n. 
Fairy, the, wrecked, 327 
Falmouth, 190 
Farquhar, Sir Walter, 53 
Farren, Eliza, 63 n. 
Feilding, Captain, 21 7 n. 
Feilding, Sophia, 217n. 
Fellowes, Henry Arthur, 246 n. 
Fellowes, N. D., marriage, 246. 

See Portsmouth 
Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, 

189 
Fife, James, 4th Earl of, 100, 

270 

Finch, Charles, 69 
Finch, Lady Charlotte, 135 
Finisterre, action off, 89 n. 
Fisher, Mr., Secretary to Lord 

St. Helens, 37 
FitzClarence, Elizabeth, 360 ; 

sobriquet for. 245. See Errol 



396 



INDEX 



FitzGerald, Lord Edward, leader 

of the " United Irish Party," 

28 ; arrested, 29 ; death in 

prison, 33 n. 
Fitzgerald, Bt. Hon. James Vesey, 

243 

FitzGerald, Matilda, 217 
FitzGerald, Lord Robert, death 

of his son, 217 
Fitzgibbon, John, Baron, 61 n. 

See Clare 
FitzHardinge, Charlotte, Lady, 

346 n. 
FitzHardinge, Frederick, 221. See 

Berkeley 
FitzHardirige, Maurice, 1st Lord, 

346 n. 
FitzMaurice, Hon. Thomas, 18 n., 

36 n. 
Fitzroy, Hon. Emily, 330 n. See 

Bagot 

Fitzroy, Georgina, 163n. 
Fitzroy, Hon. Henry, 163 n., 

276 n., 290 n. 
Fitzroy, Admiral Lord William, 

335 
Fitzwilliam, Charles, 5th Earl, 

202 n. 
Fitzwilliam, 5th, 7th, and 8th 

Viscounts, 194 
Flahault, August Charles Joseph, 

Comte de, marriage, 149 n., 202 
Flahault, General, 202 n. 
Fleming, Elphinstone, 140 
Flint, election, 115-117 
Foley, Edward, 209 
Foley, Lord, 210 
Folkestone, Lord, 46 n. See 

Radnor 
Fondi, 267 

Fontenay, Comtesse de, 70 n. 
Font-hill, sale, 301 
Forbes, Lady Elizabeth, 248 
Forbes, James, 16th Lord, 313 n. 
Forbes, Admiral Hon. John, 

213 n. 

Forbes, N Katherine, 213 n. 
Forester, Cecil, 1st Baron, 134, 

278 n., 367 n. ; death, 368 
Forester, Hon. Isabella, at the 

Children's Ball, 367 
Forester, Katharine, Lady, 152 ; 

death of her husband, 368 
Fortescue, Catherine, marriage, 

246 

Fortescue, Elizabeth, Lady, 203 n. 
Fortescue, Hon. George, 10, 12, 

50. 228, 277 n. 



Fortescue, Hester, 11, 50 n. 
Fortescue, Hugh, 1st Earl, 11, 

50 n., 317 n. 

Fortescue, Hugh, 2nd Earl, 203 n. 
Fortescue, John, 12 
Fortescue, Louisa, 50 n. 
Fortescue, Lady Mary, 210 
Fortescue, Susan, Lady, 203 n. 
Fox, Rt. Hon. Charles James, 

8 ; Foreign Secretary, 10, 95 ; 

death, 10, 95, 103, 144, 220; 

career, 69 n. ; marriage, 70 n. ; 

funeral, 114 

Fox, Mrs., 70; pension, 114 
Fox, Sackville Lane, 302 n. 
France, war with England, 28, 

95; Treaty with England, 

67 ; with Russia, 101 ; with 

Spain, 128 

Francis, Sir Philip, 324 n. 
Franciscans, in Palestine, 157 
Frederick II, King of Prussia, 

101 n. 
Frederick August I, King of 

Saxony, 78 ; library, 79 
Frederick William II, King of 

Prussia, 94, 101 n. ; treatment 

by Napoleon, 96 ; cowardice, 97 
Fremantle, Louisa, Lady, 31 7 n., 

318 n. 

Fremantle, Selina, Lady, 201 
Fremantle, Admiral Sir Thomas, 

318 n. 
Fremantle, Sir Thomas, 31 7 n., 

31 8 n. See Cottesloe 
Fremantle, Rt. Hon. Sir William, 

201 n. 
French army, land at Killala, 

30, 36 ; number of, on the 

Rhine, 96 ; defeated at Madrid, 

129 ; cross the Tagus, 130 ; 

advance on Prentillo, 132 
French fleet, in Bantry Bay, 29 
Frogmore, gala at, 24 

Gainsborough, Thomas, picture 

by, 283 n. 

Gairn, David, 317 n. 
Gaja, General the Chevalier Victor 

de Marian, 217 n. 
Galilee, 157 ; Sea of, 167 
Galloway, Alexander, 6th Earl of, 

177n. 
Galway, William, 2nd Viscount, 

280 n. 

Gambier, John, 324 n. 
Garbett, Anne, 220 n. See 

Romilly 



INDEX 



397 



Garbett, Francis, 220 n. 

Gascoyne, B., 166n. 

Gascoyne, Francis, 166n. 

Gaskell, James Milnes, 256 n. 

Gaskell, Mary, 272 n. 

Geale, Elizabeth, marriage, 203 n. 
See Fortescue 

Geale, Piers, 203 n. 

Genlis, Mdme. de, 33 n. 

George III, King, 143 n., 195 n., 
228 n., 370 n.; gala at Frog- 
more, 24 ; holds a Drawing- 
room, 46 ; reviews the Kentish 
Volunteers, 64, 55 ; at Billing- 
bear, 54 ; proposed visit to 
Stowe, 56 ; illness, 65, 107, 
193 ; treatment of Lord Ches- 
terfield, 108 ; picture with the 
Prince of Wales, 108 ; death, 
198 ; discovery of his jewels, 
233 

George IV, King, ,24 n. ; acces- 
sion, 198, 236 n. ; value of 
his jewels, 238 ; Levee, 239 ; 
preparations for his Coronation, 
239-241, 245 ; intention to 
visit Ireland, 264 ; Coronation, 
264, 275 ; banquet at Windsor, 
300 ; postpones the Drawing- 
room, 312 ; appearance, 315 ; 
sitting Levee, 352 ; death, 355, 
374; Children's Ball, 366; 
illness, 373 ; racing stud, 376 

George IV, Memories of the Court 
of, extract from, 275 

Ghent, retaken, 170 

Gibraltar, 140 

Gladstone, Catherine, 11, 361 n. 

Gladstone, Kt. Hon. W. E., 
11, 361 n. 

Glamorgan, Lady Georgina, 367 n. 

Glamorgan, Lord, at the Children's 
Ball, 367. See Beaufort 

Glastonbury, James, Baron, 1 70 n. , 
203, 205, 241 ; illness, 281 

Glenbervie, Catherine, Lady, 252 

Glenbervie, Lord, 252 n. 

Glenlyon, James, Lord, 197 n. 

Gloucester House, reception, 208 

Gloucester, William Frederick, 
2nd Duke of, marriage, 195 

Gloucester, William Henry, 1st 
Duke of, 104 

Glynne, Catherine, 11, 361. See 
Gladstone 

Glynne, Mary, Hon. Lady, 11, 
272 n., 306, 361 ; at Wynnstay, 
230; distress at the thought 



of leaving Hawarden Castle. 

369 
Glynne, Sir Stephen, 8th Bart., 1 1 ; 

contests election at Flint, 115- 

117 ; marriage, 116, 361 n. 
Glynne, Sir Stephen, 9th Bart. , 306 ; 

festivities on coming of age 369 

370 
Goderich, Lord, 362, 365. See 

Ripon 

Godolphin, Francis, Baron, 50 n. 
Golden Grove, 152 
Gony, fight at, 34 
Gordon, Alexander, 4th Duke of 

45 n., 235 n., 282 n. 
Gordon, Caroline, Lady, 190, 216, 

333, 362 n. 

Gordon, Jane, Duchess of, 45, 235 
Gordon, Sir William, killed at 

the battle of Waterloo, 192 
Gordon, Sir William Duff, 190 n. f 

362 n. 

Gore, Mrs. Ormsby, 233 
Gore, William, 133 n. 
Gore-Langton, Lady Anna, 262 
Gore-Langton, William, 252 n. 
Gorhambury, 108 
Gosport, 1st Earl of, 296 n. 
Gower, Lord Granville Leveson, 

293 ; Private Correspondence, 8 
Grafton, Augustus, 3rd Duke of, 

335 n. 

Graham, Lady L., marriage, 206 
Graham, Lord, marriage, 273. 

See Montrose 
Graham, Mary, 283 n. 
Graham, Sir Thomas, 283 n. ; 

attack on St. Sebastian, 169. 

See Lynedoch 
Granard, George, 5th Earl of, 

248 n. 
Grant, C., Treasurer of the 

Navy, resignation, 368 
Grantham, Thomas, 3rd Baron, 

46 
Granville, George, 333. See 

Sutherland 

Greathead, Mary, 78 n. 
Greathead, Samuel, 78 n. 
Grenville, Ann Lucy, 118 n. 
Grenville, Anne, Lady, 10, 23 n., 

277, 371 
Grenville, Catherine, marriage, 11. 

See Neville 

Grenville, Elizabeth, 2, 3 ; char- 
acteristics, 5 ; death, 5 
Grenville, Elizabeth, marriage, 
12, 39 n. See Carysfort 



398 



INDEX 



Grenville, Rt. Hon. George, 23 n. , 
39 n., 60 n., 241 n. ; marriage, 
2 ; characteristics, 3 ; death, 
6; sons, 7-10; daughters, 11, 
12 

Grenville, Hon. George, '118n., 
152 n. 

Grenville, George, 7. See 1st 
Marquess of Buckingham 

GrenviUe, Hon. Henry, Governor 
of Barbadoes, 199n. 

Grenville, Lady Hester, marriage, 
3. See Pitt 

Grenville, Hester, marriage, 11. 
See Fortescue 

Grenville, James, 241 n. See 
Glastonbury 

Grenville, Rt. Hon. James, 170 n., 
241 n. 

Grenville, Lady Mary, 122. See 
Arundel 

Grenville, General Richard, 170 

Grenville, Rt. Hon. Thomas, 251, 
275, 323 ; birth, 4 ; career, 8 ; 
mission to Berlin, 8, 42, 45 ; 
President of the Board of 
Control and First Lord of the 
Admiralty, 8 ; social reforms, 
9; library, 9, 10, 352, 358; 
on the mission at Berne, 297 ; 
at Hawarden Castle, 361 ; sep- 
tuagenarian, 369 

Grenville, William Wyndham, 
Lord, 23 n., 249, 268 ; career, 
9 ; Home Secretary, 9 ; Auditor 
of the Exchequer, 9 ; created 
Lord Grenville, 9 ; Ministry of 
All the Talents, 10, 95, 103; 
death, 10 ; Leader in the House 
of Lords, 41 ; on the American 
Embargo, 138 ; sale of Camel- 
ford House, 304 ; recovery, 
307, 368 ; illness, 365, 371 ; 
septuagenarian, 369 ; fall, 372 

GrenviUe Papers, 3, 4, 5 

Gretton, Mr., 23 

Greville, Algernon, marriage, 293 

Greville, Charles, at Madeley 
Manor, 324 

Greville, Charlotte, 293 

Greville, Lady Charlotte, at 
Madeley Manor, 324 

Greville, Frances, 256 n. 

Greville, Fulke, 256 n., 324 n. 

Greville, William Fulke, 265 n. 

Grey, Amabel, Countess de, 46 n. 

Grey, Charles. 1st Earl, 104 n., 
147 n. 



Grey, Charles, 2nd Earl, 249; 

Prime Minister, 374 
Griffiths, Mr., his son seized by 

Neapolitan banditti, 267 
Grimston, Hon. Charlotte, 76 n., 

258 

Grimston, Hon. Harriet, 76, 258 
Grimston, Sophia, 75 
Grimston, William, 75 n. 
Grivel, 84 

Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus, chris- 
tened, 330. See Westminster 
Grosvenor, Lady, 276 
Grosvenor, Robert, 2nd Earl, 258. 

See Westminster 
Grosvenor, Lord Robert, at 

Wynnstay, 230. See Ebury 
Grosvenor, Thomas, 276 n. See 

Wilton 

Gubbins, General Joseph, 331 n. 
Guildford, Frederick, 2nd Earl of, 

250 n., 262 n. 
Gummow, the housekeeper, 174, 

178 
Gustavus IV, King of Sweden, 

83 ; hostility to Bonaparte, 

83, 87 
Gwydyr, Peter, 1st Lord, 138 n., 

215 n., 239 n., 250, 309 n., 

339 n.; death, 344 n., 363 n. 
Gwydyr, Priscilla, Lady, 239 n., 

313 

Halford, Sir Charles, 300 n. 
Halford, Sir Henry Vaughan, 

316; at Windsor, 300 ; report 

of Lady Williams Wynn, 380 
Halford, Sarah, Lady, 300 n. 
Hamel, Frank, Life of Lady 

Hester Stanhope, v 
Hamilton, Alexander, 9th Duke 

of, 175 n., 177 n. 
Hamilton, Alexander, 10th Duke 

of, 303 n. 
Hamilton, Lady Anne, letter to 

Young, 172, 174, 175-177; 

criticism on, 178 n. 
Hamilton, Lord Archibald, 248 
Hamilton, Douglas, 8th Duke of, 

303 n. 
Hamilton, Edward, 9th Duke of, 

248 n., 303 n. 
Hamilton, Elizabeth, Duchess of, 

303 n. 
Hamilton, Harriet, Duchess of, 

177n. 
Hamilton, James, 5th Duke of, 

303 n. 



INDEX 



Hamilton, James, 6th Duke of 

53 n., 303 n. 
Hamilton, James George, 7th 

Duke of, 303 n. 
Hamilton, Susan, Duchess of 

303 n. 

Hammond, Leonard, 72 n. 
Hammond, Ursula, 72 n. 
Hanover, evacuation of, 91 
Harcourt, Edward Vernon, Arch- 
bishop of York, 203 
Hardwick, 3rd Earl of, 329 n. 
Harewood, Edwin, 1st Earl of, 

47 n. 
Harlech, John Ralph, 1st Baron, 

133 n.' 
Harley, Edward, 70 n., 182 n. 

See Oxford 

Harmer, Sir M., 271 n. 
Banner, Margaret, 271 
Harmer, Peregrine, 271 n. 
Harrington, Charles, 3rd Lord, 

208 n., 210 n. 
Harrow, 16, 22 

Harrowby, Dudley, 1st Earl of, 
50 n., 203 n., 228; appointed 
Foreign Secretary, 82 
Harrowby, Dudley, 2nd Earl of, 

310 n. 

Harrowby, Susan, Lady, 228 n. 
Harvey, Caroline, 316 n. See 

Buckingham 

Harvey, Sir Eliab, 305 n. 
Harvey, Robert, 31 6 n. 
Hastings, 275, 278 
Hastings, Francis, Marquess of, 

109 n. 
Hastings, Jacob, 8th Lord, 

227 n. 

Hawarden Castle, 227, 291, 361, 
369; Children's Ball at, 271 
Hawarden, Cornwallis, 1st Vis- 
count, 335 n. 
Hawkesbury, Lord, signs the 

Preliminaries of Peace, 67 
Hay, Lady Sarah, 305 
Hayman, Mrs. A., 327 
Haynes, "Charlotte, 237 n. 
Haynes, \3amuel, 237 n. 
Hayward, Abraham, The Lady of 

Quality, v, vi, 14 
Heathcote, Sir Gilbert, 227 ; duel, 
309 ; marriage, 363. See 

Cleveland 

Heber, Emilia, robbed, 364 
Heber, Rev. Reginald, 341 n., 

364 n. 
Heber, Richard, 341, 343 



Heley-Hutchinson, Rt. Hon. John 

247 n. 
Henley, Morton, 1st Baron at 

Dresden, 83 

Herbert, Algernon, marriage, 372 
Herbert, Lord Edward, 218 n. 
Herbert, Lady Elizabeth, 299 n. 
Hereford, Frances, Lady 345 

362 
Hereford, George, 13th Earl of 

139 n. 
Hereford, Henry, 14th Viscount 

345, 362 n. 

Hereford, Marianne, Lady, 139 
Hertford, Francis, 3rd Marquess 

of, 46 n., 308, 347, 356 
Hertford, Isabella, Marchioness 

of, 244, 265 n. 
Hertford House, 321 
Hervey, Felton Elwell, marriage 

200 
Hervey, Louisa Catherine, 200 n. 

See Leeds 
Hervey, Lady Louisa, 273. See 

Liverpool 

Hesse-Homburg, H.S.H. Fred- 
erick, Landgrave of, 24 n., 
143 n., 216 n. 
Hill, Lord A., 265 
Hill, Rowland, 1st Viscount, 375 
Hill, Hon. William, British Minis- 
ter at Turin, 296. See Berwick 
Hillesden, 323 

Hipperley-Cox, Frances, 311 n. 
Hipperley-Cox, John, 31 In. 
Hobhouse, Sir John, 237. See 

Broughton 

Hobhouse, Lady Julia, 237 n. 
Holland, Henry, 1st Lord, 69 n. 
Holland, Henry Richard, 3rd 

Baron, 115 

Holland, Lord, at Cadiz, 145, 147 
Holland, Lady, 70 ; at Cadiz, 145 
Holy Sepulchre, Church of the, 

in Jerusalem, 158 
Honolulu, Queen of, 240 n. 
Hood, Henry, 2nd Viscount, 

135 n. 

Hood, Lady, 214 
Hood, Samuel, 1st Viscount, 

50 n. 
Hood, Sir Samuel, 135, 214 n.; 

accident to, 143 
Hopetown, John, 2nd Earl of, 

HOn. 

Hoppner, John, portraits, 45 
Horn, Admiral, in command of 
the French fleet, 29 



400 



INDEX 



Horsey, Adelaide Horsey de, 

309 n. 
Horsey, Spencer Horsey de, 264 n., 

309 n. 
Howard, Mrs. Greville, gifts of 

money, 229 

Howard, Lady Henry, 373 n. 
Howard, Lord Henry, 346 n., 373 
Howard, Hon. Hugh, 215 n. 
Howard, Isabella, 215 n. 
Howard, Richard Bagot, death, 

224; will, 225 
Howard, William, 113n. See 

Andover 
Howe, Lady Louisa, 193n. See 

Sligo 
Howe, Richard, 1st Earl, 193n., 

343, 367 n. 
Howick, Charles, Lord, Foreign 

Secretary, 95 ; First Lord of 

the Admiralty, 104. See Grey 
Hughes, Miss, 272 
Hughes, Mrs., 232 
Hunloke, Anne, Lady, 261 
Hunloke, Sir Thomas, 261 n. 
Hunt, Henry, 237 
Hunter, Mrs. Orby, masquerade, 

48 
Huntly, Charles, 10th Marquess of, 

332 n. 

Huntly, Elizabeth, Lady, 332 n. 
Huntly, George, 9th Marquess of, 

331 n. 

Huntly, Maria Antoinetta, 332 n. 
Huskisson, Rt. Hon. William, 

258 ; President of the Board of 

Trade, 300 ; Colonial Secretary, 

resignation, 368 
Hussey, Dr. Thomas, titular 

Bishop of Cork, 63 ; at Paris, 

63 
Hutchinson, John, Baron, 247 

Ilchester, Henry Thomas, 2nd 

Earl of, 357 n. 
Ilchester, Stephen, 1st Earl of, 

20 n. 

Imley Park, 49 n. 
Inge, Miss, 346 
Ingestre, Viscount, 361 n. 
Inglis, Sir Robert, M.P. for 

Oxford, 371 n. 
Inverary, 126 
Irby , Anne Maria Louisa, marriage, 

207 
Ireland, parties and feuds, 28 ; 

dislike of English rule, 29, 30 ; 

Rebellion, 29; fighting in, 



30-35 ; character of the Militia, 

38 ; condition, 351 
Irvine, Colonel G. D'Arcy, 218n. 
Irvine, Sophia, 218n. 
Irving, Washington, Sketch Book, 

257, 265, 302 
Isted, Mr. 264 

Jaffa, 156 

Jenkinson, Hon. C., 332 

Jenkinson, Julie, 332 n. 

Jericho, 160 

Jerome, Madame, marriage, 327 

Jersey, George, 4th Earl of, 

145 n., 217 n., 312 n. 
Jerusalem, Church of the Holy 

Sepulchre, 158 

Johnson, Colonel W., 307 n., 309 
Johnson, Dr., 343 n. 
Johnson, Godschale, 337 n. 
Jones, Harriet, Lady, 219, 242 
Jones, Harriet, marriage, 209 n. 

See Mytton 

Jones, Colonel James, 36 n. 
Jones, Jemima, 36 n. 
Jones, Sir Tyrwhitt, 209 n., 219 n. 
Jones, leaves Dresden, 99 
Jordan, the, 157 
Josephine, Empress, 338 

Keats, Henrietta, 256 n. See 

Crewe 

Keats, John Hungerford, 256 n. 
Keith, George, 1st Viscount, 149, 

202 n. 
Keith, Margaret, Baroness, 149 n., 

202 n. 
Kemmis, Colonel, in command of 

British troops at Elvas, 132 
Kenyon, Lord, 51 n. 
Kenyon, George, 2nd Baron, 271 
Keppel, Lady Anne, 239 n. 
Keppel, Sir William, 238 
Kerr, Lady Charlotte, 321 n. 
Kew, Botanic Garden at, 52 
Kilcullen, 30 
Kildare, 30 

Killala, French land at, 30, 36 
Kihnorey, Frances, Lady, death, 

222 
Kihnorey, Francis, 12th Viscount, 

34 n., 232 
Kilmorey, Robert, 1 1th Viscount ; 

death of, 223 
Kilpatrick, Miss, 340 
King, Hester, Lady, 317 
King, Peter, 7th Lord, 317, 365 
Kinloch, Sir David, 277 n. 



INDEX 



401 



Kinloss, Barony of, 31 6 n. 
Kinloss, Lady, vi 
Kinnaird, Lord, 210 
Kinnoull, Thomas, 10th Earl of, 

305 n. 
Kirkwall, John, Viscount, offer 

of a Volunteer Corps, 35, 36 
Konigsberg, 105 
Konigsmarck, Count, 2 n. 
Kynaston, Sir Edward, 134, 225 n. 
Kynaston, Sir John, 225 
Kynaston, Mary, Lady, 225 

Lake, General Gerard, 1st Vis- 
count, expedition to disarm 
Ulster, 29 ; treatment of the 
Irish, 35 n. ; expedition against 
Wicklow, 35, 39 

La Lippe, Port, 132 

Lamb, Lady Caroline, treatment 
of her page, 183 

Lamb, Hon. William, 183n., 
222, 368. See Melbourne 

Lambart, Charles, 361 n. 

Lamport estate, 323 

Lancy, Stephen de, 307 n. 

Langham, Sir James, 271 n. 

Langham, Margaret, Lady, 271 n. 

Langston, James Haughton, mar- 
riage, 308, 346 n. 

Langston, Hon. Julia, 308 n., 
346 n. 

Lansdowne, Henry, 3rd Marquess, 
357 

Lansdowne, Louisa, Lady, 357 n. 

Lascelles, Edwin, 1st Baron, 47. 
See Harewood 

Lascelles, Mary Anne, 47 

Lauderdale, Eleanor, Lady, 250 

Lauderdale, James, 3rd Earl, 250 

Lavington, Lady, 275 

Lawley, Beilby, 201 n. ; claim 
to the title of Wenlock, 255. 
See Wenlock 

Lawley, Caroline, 227, 229 

Lawley, Sir Robert, 304 n. 

Leche, John, 34 n. 

Leche, Penelope, 34 n. 

Leeds, Charlotte, Duchess of, 1 96 

Leeds, Francis, 5th Duke of, 
50 n. 

Leeds, Francis, 7th Duke of, 200 n. 

Leeds, George, 6th Duke of, 
196n., 302 n. 

Leeds, Louisa Catherine, Duchess 
of, 200 n. 

Legge, Admiral Sir Arthur Kaye, 
at Buxton, 167 



Legge, Lady Louisa, 330. See 
Bagot 

tiehaunstown Camp, 40 

Leicester, Oswald, at Wynnstay, 
230 

Leicester, Thomas, Earl of, 239 n. 

Leigh, Mrs., 272 

Leighton, Sir Baldwyn, 230 n. 

Leighton, Mrs. Stanley, v 

Leinster, Augustus Frederick, 3rd 
Duke of, marriage, 208, 210 

Leinster, Charlotte, Duchess of, 
208, 210 

Leinster, James, 1st Duke of, 
33 n., 217 n. 

Le Marchant, Colonel, 148 

Lemon, Miss, marriage, 311 

Lemon, Sir William, 31 In. 

Lennox, Lord George Henry, 
148 n., 271 n. 

Lennox, Lady Georgina, 148 n. 

Leopold, King of the Belgians, 
253 n. See Saxe-Coburg 

Lero, 156 

Letter-writing, the art of, 65 

Leveson, Lady Elizabeth, mar- 
riage, 209 

Leveson, Lord Francis, at Madeley 
Manor, 324. See Ellesmere 

Leveson, Harriet, Lady, at Made- 
ley Manor, 324 

Lewis, Harriet, Lady, 362 n. 

Lewis, Mrs., 333 

Lewis, Bt. Hon. Sir Thomas 
Frankland, 229, 337 ; sobri- 
quet for, 245 ; Under-Secretary 
of State, 362 

Lieven, Count de, 340 n. 

Lieven, Madame, 340 

Lincoln, Frances, Lady, 46 

Lincoln, Lord, 46 n. 

Lindsay, Lady Charlotte, evidence 
at the trial of Queen Caroline, 
250, 251 

Lindsay, Lieut.-Colonel Hon. John 
250 n. 

Liverpool, Charles, 1st Earl of, 
332 n. 

Liverpool, Robert, 2nd Earl of, 
204, 243, 273 ; character of his 
Government, 275; unpopularity, 
276 ; opposes the Catholic 
Emancipation Bill, 354 ; stroke 
of paralysis, 354, 357 
Liverpool, George, 3rd Earl of, 

332 n. 

Liverpool, Louisa, Lady, death, 
273 



402 



INDEX 



Llangedwyn, 178, 267, 326 

Llangollen, 218, 226, 329, 362 

Llanvorda, 219, 264, 266 

Llewenny Hall, 18n., 36 n. 

Lloyd, Angharad, History of 
Anglesey, 256 ; presented to 
the Duke of Sussex, 370 

Lloyd, Anna, 283 n. 

Lloyd, Edward, 283 n. 

Lloyd, Rev. John, 256 n. 

Lloyd, Louisa, 305 n. 

Lloyd, William, 134, 305 n. 

Lock, Mrs., 328 

Lockhart, Mr., 341 

Londonderry, Amelia Ann, Lady, 
61 n. ; death of her husband, 
292 

Londonderry, Catherine, Lady, 321 

Londonderry, Charles, 3rd Mar- 
quess of, 186n., 321 

Londonderry, Frances Anne, Lady, 
321 n. 

Londonderry, Richard, 2nd Mar- 
quess of, 111 n. 

Londonderry, Robert, 1st Mar- 
quess of, 186n. ; commits 
suicide, 291 

Londonderry House, 321 

Long, Sir James Tilney, 329 n. 

Loudoun, Flora, Countess of, 
109 n. 

Loughborough, Lord, Lord Chan- 
cellor, resignation, 63. See 
Rosslyn 

Louis XVI, King of France, 
picture of, 71 

Louis XVIII, King of France, 
at Stowe, 118-122 

Louise, Queen of Prussia, 91 

Lowe, Sir Hudson, 307 n. 

Lowe, Lady, 307 

Lucy, George, 230 n., 301 

Lutwyche, Mrs., 88 

Lyggins, William, 173 

Lyndhurst, John, 1st Lord, 366 n. 

Lyndhurst, Sarah Garey, Lady, 
366 

Lynedoch, Thomas, 1st Lord, 
169 n., 283 

Lyons, 170 

Lyttelton, Appia, Lady, at Stowe, 
317 

Lyttelton, Mr., 203 

Lyttelton, Thomas, 2nd Lord, 5, 
31 7 n. 

Macdonald, Anne, 342 n. 
Macdonald, Lady Catherine, 342 a. 



Macdonald, Elizabeth, 342 n. 

Macdonald, Reginald George, 25th 
Chief of Clanranald, marriage, 
342 

Mackenzie, Stewart, 302 

Mackintosh, Sir James, Vindicia 
Qattica, 69 ; at Paris, 69 ; 
conversation with Tallien, 71 

Macleod, Lord, 313 n. 

Madeley Manor, 324 

Madocks, William, Vice-Chamber- 
lain to Queen Caroline, 266 

Madrid, 162, 189; defeat of 
the French at, 129 

Mahon, Catherine Lucy, Lady, 
at Malta, 161. See Stanhope 

Mahon, Philip Henry, Lord, 161 n. 
See Stanhope 

Maidstone Riot, 61 

Mainwaring, Sir Henry, 262, 
292 

Mainwaring, Sophia, Lady, 223 n., 
262, 292 n. 

Majorca, 15, 165 

Malmo, 118 

Malta, 161 

Manchester, Susan, Duchess of, 
235 n., 262 n. 

Manchester, William, 5th Duke of, 
235 n., 262; illness, 265 

Manners, Lord C., 361 

Manners-Sutton, Most Rev. 
Charles, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, 205 

Manners-Sutton, Charles, 1st Vis- 
count, candidate for the Speaker- 
ship, 198, 203 ; elected Speaker, 
205. See Canterbury 

Mansfield, General the Hon. 
Henry, at Paris, 69 

Manvers, Charles, 1st Earl, 49 n. 

Marlborough, Duchess of, 2 

Marlborough, Duke of, 209, 274 n. 

Marseilles, 182 

Mary, Princess, marriage, 195, 
228. See Gloucester 

Maryborough, William, Lord, 213, 
329 n. See Mornington 

Mattocks, Mrs., 24 

Maurus, John, 100 n. 

Maurus, Mary Caroline, 100 n. 

Maxwell, Jane, 45 n., 235 n. 
See Gordon 

Maxwell, Sir William, 46 n., 
235 n. 

Meath, Harriet, Lady, 305 n. 

Meath, William, llth Earl of, 
305 u. 



INDEX 



403 



Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Grand Duke 

of, 91 n. 
Melbourne, Elizabeth, Lady, death, 

217 n. 
Melbourne, Peniston, 1st Viscount, 

132 n. ; report of his marriage, 

217 

Melbourne, William, 2nd Vis- 
count, 183 n., 222 n. 
Mellon, Harriet, 331 n., 363 n. 
Mellon, Matthew, 331 n. 
Melville, Elizabeth, Lady, HOn. 
Melville, Henry, 1st Viscount, 

Treasurer of the Navy, charges 

against, 107 ; resignation, 107 ; 

Report of the Commission, 110 
Melville, Jane, Lady, 1 10 n. 
Melville, John Whyte, 227 n. 
Melville, Robert, 2nd Viscount, 

247 

Mercer, Jane, 149 n. 
Mercer, Hon. Margaret, marriage, 

149, 202 

Mercer, William, 149 n. 
Merida, 130 
Merrion Square Watch, or the 

Fogies, 35 
Middleton, Henry, 6th Baron, 

purchases Camelford House, 

304 

Middleton, Jane, Lady, 304 n. 
Milbanke, Sir Ralph, 217 n. 
Milner, Diana, Lady, 49 
Milner, Sir William, 49 n. 
Milton, Charles, Lord, 202. See 

Fitzwilliam 

Ministers, change of, 273, 275 
" Ministry of All the Talents," 

10, 95, 96 
Minto, Gilbert, 1st Earl of, 

327 n. 

Minto, Lady, 327 
Moira, Francis, Lord, 109. See 

Hastings 

Moira, Lady, 109 
Molesworth, Frances, 194 n. See 

Camden 

Molesworth, William, 194 n. 
Molyneux, Miss Howard, appear- 
ance, 373 

Molyneux, Lady Louisa, 210 
Monaco, Princesse de, 131 n. 
Moncrieff, Georgina, 231 n. 
Moncrieff, Sir Thomas, 231 n. 
Montague, Lord, drowned, 307 n. 
Montague, Mrs., 6 
Montgomery, Alice, 31 6 n. See 

Buckingham 



Montgomery, Sir Graham, 316 n. 
Montgomeryshire, election, 47 ; 

Yeomanry Cavalry, 35, 113 
Montrose, Caroline, Duchess of, 

373 n. 
Montrose, James, 3rd Duke of, 

200 n., 209 n., 219 n. 
Montrose, James, 4th Duke of, 

373 n. 

Moore, Daniel, 234 n. 
Moore, Frances, 234 n. See 

Erskine 

Moore, John, 129 n. 
Moore, Sir John, Commander-in- 

Chief of the British troops in 

Spain, 129 ; dispatches from 

Salamanca, 129; death, 143, 

150. 
Moreton, Charlotte, 346. See 

FitzHardinge 
Moreton, Hon. Julia, marriage, 

308. See Langston 
Moreton, Hon. Mary, marriage, 

280. See Denbigh 
Morgan, Sir Charles, 228 n. 
Morgan, Charlotte, marriage, 228 
Morgan, Major, 316 n. 
Morgan, Lady Mary, 316 n. 
Morier, Mr. and Mrs., at Madeley 

Manor, 325 
Mornington, Garret, 1st Earl of, 

147 n., 192n., 320 n. 
Mornington, William, 3rd Earl of, 

213 n., 329 n. 
Mornington, William Pole, 4th 

Earl of, 238 n., 329 n. 
Morpeth, Lord, 143. See Carlisle 
Morton, Frances, marriage, 206, 

346 n. See Dartmouth 
Mount-Charles, Lord Francis, 

367 n. 

Mount-Edgcumbe, Earl of, 342 n. 
Munich, 323 

Murray, Lady Emily, 197 
Murray, Sir George, Colonial 

Secretary, 360 
Murray, Lord James, 197 n. See 

Glenlyon 
Murray, John, The Representative, 

341 
Mytton, Harriet, 209 n., 219 n.; 

illness, 242 
Mytton, Jack, marriage, 209 



Naas, 30, 32, 40 
Nantwich Bank, failure, 334 
Napier, William, 345 n. 



404 



INDEX 



Napoleon, Emperor, aggressions, 
42 ; unpopularity, 69 ; attends 
Mass, 70 ; policy to subjugate 
the Continent, 77 ; declared 
Emperor, 82 n. ; applies for 
an armistice, 92 : treatment 
of the King of Prussia, 96, 
97 ; abdication, 164 ; retires 
to Elba, 164; escape, 165; 
defeated, 170 ; unfinished 
works in Paris, 181 

Narischin, Madame, at Dresden, 
102, 104 

Naval uniform, alterations hi the, 
376 

Nazareth, 156 

Neapolitan banditti, demand 
ransoms, 267 

Needham, General, 34 ; com- 
plaints against, 35. See Kil- 
morey 

Nelson, William, 1st Earl, 135 n. ; 
at the Battle of the Nile, 40 ; 
killed at the Battle of Trafalgar, 
92 

Neville, Caroline, marriage, 11. 
See Thompson 

Neville, Caroline, marriage, 201. 
See Wenlock 

Neville, Catherine, 11 

Neville, Hon. Catherine, 132 

Neville, Lady Charlotte, 278, 328, 
370 n. ; illness, 336 

Neville, George, 11. See Bray- 
brooke 

Neville, Hon. George, 336 n., 
370 ; at Chatsworth, 364. See 
Grenville 

Neville-Grenville, Rev. and Hon. 
George, 278 n. 

Neville, Henry, 11, 54 

Neville, Lady Jane, 236 n. 

Neville, Mary, marriage, 11, 116. 
See Glynne 

Neville, Hon. Richard, 11, 235; 
at Eton, 11, 18, 22, 25, 57; 
present of books, 23 ; on the 
charge of letters, 59; attack of 
colic, 61. See Braybrooke 

Neville, Richard Aldwater, 23 n. 

Newcastle, Dowager-Duchess of, 
326 

Newcastle, Henry, 2nd Duke of, 
46 n. 

Newerke, island of, 42 

Newman, Elizabeth, 342 n. See 
Macdonald 

Newport, Lord and Lady, 231 



Nicholas I, Czar of Russia, 

340 n. 
Nicholson, Mrs., housekeeper at 

Stowe, 318 
Nicols, Sir J., 203 
Nile, Battle of the, 40 
Norfolk, Bernard Edward, 12th 

Duke of, 373 n. 
Normanton, Lady, illness, 201 
North, Lord, 260,252. See Guild- 
ford 
Northumberland, Charlotte, 

Duchess of, 200, 226, 245; 

voyage to Alnwick, 322 ; death 

of her mother, 374 
Northumberland, Hugh, 2nd Duke 

of, 197 n., 215 
Northumberland, Hugh, 3rd Duke 

of, 216n. ; marriage, 200; 

treatment of his tenants, 266 ; 

voyage to Alnwick, 322 
Northumberland, Joceline, llth 

Earl of, 2 n. 

Northumberland House, assem- 
blies, 313 ; the Gallery, 314 
Nugent, Ann, Lady, 376 n. 
Nugent, Earl, 7, 23 n. 
Nugent, George, 2nd Baron, 8, 

118 n., 131, 152 n., 376, 379; 

political views, 254 
Nugent, General Sir George, at 

Stowe, 317 
Nugent, Maria, Lady, at Stowe, 

317 
Nugent, Walter, 342 n. 



O'Connor, Arthur, trial at Maid- 
stone, 51 

Ogle, Henry, Earl of, 2 n. 

Ogle, Mr., in the Irish Rebellion, 
41 

Olavi Rudbeckii Atlantica, 352 

Olmutz, 92 

Orchard Wyndham, 2 

Orford, Horatio, 2nd Earl of, 
87 n. 

Orkney, Mary, Countess of, 18, 
36 n. 

Orleans, Louise Therese d', 84 n. 

Ormonde, Walter, 16th Earl of, 
218 n., 263 

Ormsby, Mary Jane, 133, 134 

Ormsby, Owen, 133 n. 

Osborne, Lady Catherine, mar- 
riage, 227 

Osborne, Lady Charlotte, 302 

Osborne, Elizabeth, 39 n. 



INDEX 



405 



Osborne, Lord Francis, 60. See 
Godolphin 

Osborne, Rt. Hon. Sir William, 
39 n. 

Owen, Caroline Smyth, 224 n. 
See Cholmondeley 

Owen, Nicholas Smyth, 224 n. 

Oxford, Edward, 6th Earl of 
70 n., 182 n. ; action against 
the Duke of Cambridge, 143 

Oxford, Jane, Lady, 70, 182 

Oxford election, 371 n. ; Uni- 
versity, 57 

Paget, Arthur, 98 
Paget, Hon. Berkeley, 75 n., 234 
Paget, Henry William, Lord, 145 
Paget, Lady Jane, 238 n., 276 ; 

marriage, 311 
Paget, Sophia, 234 
Pains and Penalties, Bill of, 248 
Palestine, 157 
Palk, Elizabeth Malet, marriage, 

208. See Seymour 
Palk, Sir Lawrence, 208 n, 
Palmerston, Henry, 3rd Viscount, 

132; Minister for War, 354; 

support of the Catholic Emanci- 
pation Bill, 364 ; resignation, 

368 
Paris, 69, 181 ; Louvre Gallery, 

73 ; disuse of the national 

cockade, 74 ; revolution in, 

374 

Parker, Mary, at Wynnstay, 230 
Parker, Master, recitations, 63 
Parker, Mrs., 226 
Parker, T. N., 226 n., 230 n. 
Parliament, dissolved, 67, 67, 

116, 210 n., 236 n., 347 n., 374 ; 

prorogued, 67, 220, 276, 359; 

charges of corrupt practices, 

146; adjourned, 248 n., 351; 

the new, meeting, 351 
Parry, Isabella, Lady, 326 n. 
Parry, Sir William, 326 
Parry-Okeden, David Okeden, 

227 

Parry-Price, Richard, 242 n. 
Paterson, Miss, 105 n., 298 n. 
Paterson, Robert, 320 n., 329 n. 
Paterson, Colonel Thomas, 329 n. 
Paton, Marianne, 320 n. See 

Wellesley 

Paton, Richard, 320 n. 
Paul I, Czar of Russia, 66 ; 

assassinated, 65 n. 
Paulett, Ann Lucy, 118 n., 254 n. 



Paulett, Hon. Vere, 118 n., 254 n., 
376 n. 

Peach, Joseph, 317 n. 

Peel, Sir Robert, 9, 243 ; Home 
Secretary, 259 ; Catholic Eman- 
cipation Bill, 371 n. ; M.P. for 
Westbury, 371 n. 

Peel, William, 243 

Peers, the new, 274 

Pegas, Rev. P. W., 332 n. 

Pembroke, Catherine, Lady, 
191 n. 

Pembroke, George, llth Earl of, 
191 n., 194, 299 n. 

Pembroke, Henry, 9th Earl of, 
194n. 

Pembroke, Mary, Lady, 194 n. 

Penbedw, 223, 292 

Peninsular War, 128 

Pennant, David, 309, 363 n. 

Peploe, Mr., 361 

Perceval, Jane, second marriage, 
183 

Perceval, Spencer, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, 143 ; First 
Lord of the Treasury, 183 n. ; 
assassinated, 183 n., 220 

Percy, Lady Elizabeth, 216 

Percy, Lady Elizabeth, marriages, 
2. See Somerset 

Perth, Lady, 202 

Perth, 1st Lord, 260 u. 

Philippe Egalite, 33 n. 

Phillimore, Joseph, 347 

Phillimore, Mrs., 229 

Pierrepont, Philip, 49, 52, 83 

Pigot, Mr., 23 

Pigott, Harriet, 134 

Pigott, Miss, at Stowe, 318 

Pintz, Madame, 78 

Piozzi, Mrs., 149 n. 

Pitt, Hon. Anne, 23 n. ; marriage, 
10. See Grenville 

Pitt, Lady Hester, 3, 199n. 

Pitt, John, 324 n., 337 n. 

Pitt, Margaret, 324 n. 

Pitt, Rt. Hon. William, 3, 111 ; 
on the birth of Thomas Gren- 
ville, 4. See Chatham 

Pitt, Rt. Hon. William, Irish 
legislation, 28 ; resignation, 57, 
63 ; Catholic Bill, 63 ; illness, 
94; death, 94 n., 107, 114, 
220 

Pitt, William Moreton, 324 

Piua VII, Pope, 100 n. 

Pizarro, 52 

Plunkett, William C., 213 



406 



INDEX 



Plunkett, Mr., on the Catholic 

Emancipation Bill, 269 n. 
Plymouth, Henry, 7th Earl of, 

322 n. 
Plymouth, Mary, Lady, 213 n., 

334 
Plymouth, Other Archer, 6th 

Earl of, 213 n., 314 n., 322 n., 

334 n. 
Plymouth, Other Hickman, 5th 

Earl of, 213 n., 314 n., 322 n. 
Plymouth, Sarah, Lady, 213 n. 
Pole, William Wellesley, 228 n. 

See Mornington 
Ponsonby, Chambre Brabazon, 

218n. 

Ponsonby, Elizabeth, 104 n. 
Ponsonby, Lord, 104 n., 249 n. 
Ponsonby, Mary, 249 n. 
Ponsonby, Sarah, 218, 226, 329, 

362 

Pool Park, 175, 330 
Porchester, Elizabeth, Lady, 1 9 n. , 

373 n. See Carnarvon 
Porchester, Lord, marriage, 19n., 

373 ; " ring-fence match," 346. 

See Carnarvon 
Porkington, 133, 233 ; theatricals 

at, 134 

Portland, Anne, Duchess of, 109 n. 
Portland, Dorothy, Duchess of, 

109 n. 
Portland, William Henry, 3rd 

Duke of, 293 n., 296 n., 324 n. ; 

President of the Council, 109 ; 

Prime Minister, 142 ; illness, 

148 
Portland, William Henry, 4th 

Duke of, death of his son, 

307 

Portsmouth, 149 
Portsmouth, John, 1st Earl of, 

246 n. 
Portsmouth, Newton, 4th Earl of, 

246 n. 

Portugal, partition of, 128 
Portuguese troops, training, 132 
Power, Edmund, 205 n. 
Power, Ellen, 205 n. 
Powis, Barbara, Lady, 114, 218 n. 
Powis, Edward, 2nd Earl of, 

218 n., 373 n.; marriage, 200 
Powis, Edward, 3rd Earl of, 

219n. 
Powis, George, 2nd Earl of, 

373 n. 
Powis, Henrietta Antonia, Lady, 

245; death, 373 



Powis, Henry, 1st Earl of, 200 n., 

218 n., 219 n., 314 n., 373 n. 
Powis Castle, 114 
Poyntz, Isabella, marriage, 202 n., 

293 n., 307. See Exeter 
Poyntz, William Stephen, 202 n. 
Pratt, Lady F., 132 
Prenillo, 132 

Presburg, Treaty of, 95 n. 
Pro by, Lady Elizabeth, 214n. 
Proby, Hon. Granville, marriage, 

215. See Carysfort 
Proby, John, Lord, 38, 135. See 

Carysfort 
Proserpine, the frigate, wrecked, 

42 
Prussia, August Ferdinand of, 

101 n., 106 n. 
Prussia, Frederica, Princess Royal 

of, 49 n. 

Prussia, Louis Frederick Chris- 
tian, Prince, 101 ; death, 103 
Prussia, ports closed to the British 

Flag, 97 ; spirit of discontent, 

98 

Puleston, Anne, 242 n. 
Puleston, Lady, 242 
Puleston, Sir Richard, 242 n. 
Puleston, Thomas, 34, 242 n. 
Purves, John Hume, 205 n. 

Quarterly Review, 257 

Racine, Jean, Bajazet, 74 
Radizivil, Antoine Henri, Prince, 

106 n. 
Radizivil, Frederique Louise, 

Princess, 53, 106 
Radnor, Catherine, Lady, 46 n. 
Radnor, William, 3rd Earl of, 

46 n. 

Raglan, Fitzroy, Lord, 192 n. 
Ramsay, General James, 100 
Rathfaran, 30, 32 
Rayleigh, Baroness, 217 n. 
Reform BUI, 374, 383 
Ronnie, David, 1 10 n. 
Rennie, Elizabeth, llOn. 
Reynolds, Sir Joshua, portraits, 

7 

Rhodes, Island of, 156 
Richards, Sir Richard, Lord Chief 

Baron, 50, 183, 234 
Richards, the agent, 174, 178 
Richmond, 380, 381 
Richmond, Caroline, Duchess of, 

315 n. 



INDEX 



Richmond, Charles, 3rd Duke of, 

315 
Richmond, Charles, 4th Duke of, 

148 n., 235 n. 
Richmond, Charlotte, Duchess of, 

235 n. 
Richmond and Lennox, Charles, 

2nd Duke of, 33 n. 
Riddell, Sir James, marriage, 290 
Riddell, Mary, Lady, 290 
Ridley, Sir Matthew White, 203 
Rifle Brigade, 130 n. 
Rfpon, Frederick, 1st Earl of, 
; 362 n. 

Ripon, Sarah, Lady, 362 n. 
Rochfort, Charlotte de Rohan, 

84 n. 

Rocksavage, George, 1 Lord, 250 
Rocksavage, Susan, Lady, 250 n. 
Roden, Lord, 32 
Rodney, Hon. Anne, 211 n. 
Rodney, George, 2nd Baron, 
. 211 n. 
Rodney, George, 3rd Baron, 

marriage, 228 
Roland, Hyacinth, 109 n., 320 n. 

See WeUesley 
Roland, M., 109 n., 320 n. 
Rolle, Judith, Lady, 31 1 n. 
Kolle, Lord, lines on his second 

marriage, 311 

Rolle, Louisa, Lady, 311 n. 
Roman Catholics, emancipation, 9 
Rome, 295, 299 
Romilly, Lady, death, 220 
Romilly, Sir Samuel, commits 

suicide, 220 

Romney, George, portrait by, vi 
Rosebery, Anne, Lady, 360 n. 
Rosebery, Archibald, 4th Earl of, 

360 
Rosebery, Archibald, 5th Earl of, 

Life of Lord Chatham, extract 
from, 10 

Rosebery, Harriet, Lady, 360 n. 
Ross, Mrs., 208 
Rosslyn, Earl of, 63 n. 
Rouen, 68 ; Church of St. Ouen, 

681 
Rous, Hon. Louisa, marriage, 

264 
Rowley, Admiral Sir Charles, 

210 n. 

Rowley, Charlotte, 16 
Rowley, Elizabeth, marriage, 210 
Rowley, Hon. Richard, 16 
Ruabon Yeomanry, 164 
Russell, Rt. Hon. Lord John, 290 i 

27 



Russia, Constantino, Grand Duke, 

renounces his rights to the 

throne, 340 

Russia, peace with France, 101 
Ruthin, meeting at, 186 
Rutland, Charles, 4th Duke of, 

361 n., 368 n. 
Rutland, Elizabeth, Duchess of, 

138n. ; death, 331 
Rutland, John, 5th Duke of, 

138, 142 ; death of his wife", 

331 

Ryde, 170 
Ryder, Dudley, 82 n. See Harrow- 

by 

Ryder, Lady Georgina, marriage, 
327. See Wortley 

Ryder, Henry, Bishop of Glouces- 
ter, 203 

Ryder, Lady Susan, marriage, 
203 ; death, 365 n. See 

Fortescue 

Sackville, Lady Mary, 334 n. 

See Plymouth 
St. Albans, Elizabeth, Duchess of, 

331 n. 
St. Albans, Harriet, Duchess of, 

331 n., 363. See Mellon 
St. Albans, William, 9th Duke of, 

marriage, 331 ; anecdote of, 363 
St. Domingo, victory of, 99 
St. Germains, 68 
St. Helens, Lord, 37, 195 
St. James's Palace, fire at, 135 
St. Sebastian, attack on, 169 
Salamanca, 129, 162 
Salisbury, Frances, Lady, 166n. 
Salisbury, James, 1st Marquess of, 

192 n., 194 n. 
Salisbury, James, 2nd Marquess of , 

166n. 

Salisbury, Mary, Lady, 194 
Salt Hill, 25 

Sandon, Frances, Lady, 310 
Sandon, Lord, marriage, 310. 

See Harrowby 
Sapieha, Prince, 293 
Saunders, Jane, 149n., 215 n. 
Saunders, R. N., 149 n., 215 n. 
Saxe-Coburg, Prince Leopold of, 

marriage, 193, 196 ; in England, 

253 
Saxe-Meiningen, Princess Adelaide 

of, marriage, 211 
Saxony, mode of execution, 85 ; 

population, 185; restoration, 

185 



408 



INDEX 



Saxton, Sir Charles, 2nd Bart., 

150, 153 

Scarisbrick, Charles, 201 n. 
Schonbrunn, Treaty of, 95 n. 
Schwartzenburg, Prince, victory 

over Bonaparte, 170 
Scott, Anne Marie, Lady, 343 n. 
Scott, James, 292 
Scott, Rev. James, 70 n., 182 
Scott, Jane, 182. See Oxford 
Scott, Sir John, 51 n. See 

Eldon 

Scott, Louisa, Lady, 343 n. 
Scott, Sir Walter, The Abbot, 

257 ; Kenilworth, 266, 267 ; 

Woodstock, 341 ; financial losses, 

341, 344; Life of Napoleon, 

345, 364 
Scott, Lord William, 193 n., 343 n. 

See Stowell 

Seaforth, Francis, Lord, 214n. 
Seaforth, Lady, 214 
Sebright, Sir John, 213 
Sefton, William, 2nd Earl of, 

210 n. 

Selsey, Lord, marriage, 207 
Severn, the frigate, 52 
Seyd, 182 

Seymour, Augusta, 305 n. 
Seymour, Elizabeth, Lady, 208 n. 
Seymour, Frances Maria, marriage, 

265 
Seymour, Rt. Hon. Sir George 

Hamilton, 305 n. 
Seymour, Sir Horace, marriage, 

208 n. 
Seymour, Lieut.-Colonel Hugh, 

207 n. ; marriage, 208 
Shaftesbury, Anne, Lady, 274 n. 
Shaftesbury, Cropley, 6th Earl of, 

274 
Shakerley, Charles Watkin John, 

292 

Shakerley, Eliza, 292 n. 
Shakerley, Frances, 34 n., 292 n. 

See Wynn 

Shakerley, Jessie, 292 n. 
Shakerley, Laura Angelique 

Rosalba, 292 n. 
Shakerley, Peter, 292 n. 
Sheffield, Lord, 310 
Shelburne, John, Earl of, 1 8 n. 
Sheridan, Miss, 364 
Shiffner, Vice-Admiral Sir Henry, 

230 n. 
Shipley, Charlotte, 15, 99, 361 ; 

at Majorca, 15, 165; death of 

her husband, 259 ; return to 



England, 259 ; opinion of the 
Eisteddfod, 370 

Shipley, Charlotte, marriage, 16. 
See Rowley 

Shipley, Conwy, 361 

Shipley, Penelope, 1 5 n. 

Shipley, Colonel William, mar- 
riage, 15, 45 n., 99 n., 102, 116 ; 
financial difficulties, 15 ; at 
Majorca, 15, 165; contests 
election at Flint, 115-117; 
death, 259 

Shipley, William, Dean of St. 
Asaph, 16, 116, 364 n. 

Shipley, William Conwy, 15 

Shrewsbury, 113 

Shrewsbury, John, 18th Earl of, 

342 n. 
Shuckburgh-Evelyn, Sir George, 

332 n. 
Sidmouth, Henry, Viscount, 72 n., 

274 n., 343 n. 

Sidmouth, Mary Anne, Lady, 

343 n. 

Sidney, 1st Viscount, llln. 
Skinner, Cortlandt, 31 7 n. 
Slane Castle, 266 
Slave trade, abolition, 9 ; in the 

Colonies, 354 
Sligo, Howe, 2nd Marquess of, 

marriage, 1 93 
Sligo, John, 1st Marquess of, 

193n., 343 n. 
Sligo, Louisa, Lady, 193 
Smith, Charles Culling, 163 n., 

275 n., 290 n., 367 n. 
Smith, Lady Drummond, 280 
Smith, Sir Drummond, 280 n. 
Smith, Emily, marriage, 163n., 

275 n., 290. See Beaufort 
Smith, Hon. Heater, marriage, 

164. See Wynn 
Soho bazaar, 194 
Somerset, Charles, 6th Duke of, 

2 
Somerset, Charlotte, Duchess of, 

175, 178n. 
Somerset, Edward, llth Duke of, 

175 
Somerset, Lord Edward, marriage, 

88 

Somerset, Elizabeth, Duchess of, 2 
Somerset, Lord Fitzroy, wounded 

at the battle of Waterloo, 192. 

See Raglan 

Somerset, Lady Henrietta, mar- 
riage, 6. See Wynn 
SomervHle, Dr., 272 



INDEX 



409 



Somerville, Sir Marcus, 203 n. 
Sophia, Princess, illness, 215 
Southampton, Charles, 1st Lord, 

330 n. 
Southampton, Charles, 3rd Baron, 

marriage, 342 
Southampton, Harriet, Lady, 

342 n. 
Southampton, Ismay, Lady, 

342 n. 

Spain, Treaty with France, 128 
Spalding, John, 220 n. 
Spencer, Ann, 303 n. 
Spencer, Edward, 303 n. See 

Hamilton 
Spencer, Esther, Lady, 170n., 

205 

Spencer, John, Earl, 63 n. 
Spencer, John Charles, 3rd Earl, 

170n. 

Stadbroke, Lord, 264 n. 
Stafford, Elizabeth, Lady, 127 
Stafford, George, Earl of, 127n. 

See Sutherland 
Stafford, Granville, 1st Marquess 

of, 228 n. 

Stamford Park, 292 
Stanhope, Catherine Lucy, Lady, 

161 n. 
Stanhope, Charles, 3rd Earl, 12, 

199n. 
Stanhope, Harriet, marriage, 342. 

See Southampton 
Stanhope, Hon. Henry Fitzroy, 

342 n. 

Stanhope, Hester, Lady, 12 
Stanhope, Lady Hester, 12, 114 ; 

omission of her letters, v ; 

in Syria, 150 ; meeting with 

Henry W. W., 150, 155, 160; 

eccentricities, 1 55 ; connection 

with Bruce, 155 ; shipwrecked, 

156; attack of plague, 182 
Stanhope, Philip, 108 n. See 

Chesterfield 
Stanhope, Philip Henry, 4th Earl, 

161 n., 199 

Stanley, Sir John, 326 n. 
Stanley, Lady Mary, 276 n. 
Stanley, Lord, claim to the 

Dukedom of Hamilton, 303 
Staples, Henrietta Margaret, 

185 n. 

Staples, Rt. Hon. John, 185 n. 
Stapleton, Catherine, 6 
Stapleton, James Russell, 5 n., 

15 n., 64 n., 223 n. 
Stapleton, Penelope, 5n., 15n, 



Stewart, Sir Charles, Bart., 

Minister to The Hague, 186. 

See Londonderry 
Stewart, Rt. Hon. James, 214 n. 
Stewart, Lady K., 272 
Stewart, Mrs., 214 
Stowe, 23, 55, 316, 383 
Stowell, William, Lord, 72 n., 

193n., 342 
Strachan, Miss, 373 
Strathallan, 4th Viscount, 262 n. 
Strathavon, Lord, 332 n. ; illness, 

335 n. See Huntly 
Strutt, Lady Charlotte, 217. See 

Rayleigh 

Strutt, Colonel, 21 7 n. 
Sturt, Humphrey, 49 n. 
Stuttgart, 295 
Suchet, Louis Gabriel, Due 

d'Albufera, 171 

Suffolk, Henry, Earl of, 113n. 
Sullivan, Mrs., 361 
Sussex, Augustus Frederick, Duke 

of, 370 
Sutherland, Elizabeth, Countess of, 

127 n. See Stafford 
Sutherland, George, 1st Duke of, 

127 n., 209 n., 276 n., 306 n., 

324 n. 
Sutherland, George, 2nd Duke of, 

330 n., 333 n. 
Sutherland, Harriet, Duchess of, 

333 n. 
Sutherland, William, 17th Earl 

of, 127 n. 
Sweden, Crown Prince of, 168 n., . 

169 

Swinburne, Emilia, Lady, 216 
Swinburne, Sir John, 216 n. 
Swinnerton, Miss, marriage, 258 
Sydney, John, 2nd Viscount, 

324 n., 338, 344 
Sykes, Sir Francis, 280 n. 
Syria, 150 

Tabor, Mount, 167 

Tagus, the, 130 

Talbot, Charles, 2nd Earl, 206 n. 
346 n., 361 

Talbot, Frances, Lady, 361 n. 

Talleyrand, Charles Maurice, 
Prince de, Minister of Foreign 
Affairs, 89 n. 

Talleyrand, Madame, 70 

Tallien, Madame de, 70 n. 

Tallien, M. de, divorce, 70 n. ; 
conversation with Sir J. Mack- 
intosh, 71 



410 



INDEX 



Taplow, 18, 23 

Taylor, Sir Brook, Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to the Elector of 
Cologne, 85 

Tempest, Sir Harry Vane, 321 n. 

Temple, Hester, Countess; ' 3 n., 
23 n. 

Temple, Lord, 111 ; report of 
his marriage, 232 ; fire at 
Wootton, 252 

Temple, Richard, Earl, 7, 23 n. ; 

.- Lord. Privy Seal, 4 

Temple, Richard, Lord, 88 n. 

Temple, Sir Richard, 3 n.' 

Templeton, John, 1st Viscount, 
113n. 

Teplitz, 104 

Thanet, 9th Earl, trial, 51 ; sen- 

' tence, 62 

Theale, Henry, 149 n. 

Theale, Hester Marie, 149 n. 

Thistlewood, Arthur, 199 ; trial, 
242 

Thomas, Lieut. -Colonel Charles, 
366 n.' 

Thompson, Beilby Lawley, 11, 
374. See Wenlock 

Thompson, Caroline, 11 

Thompson, Mr., story of, 328 

Thompson, William, 262 n. 

Thompson, Winifred, 262 n. See 
Drummond 

Thorwaldsen, Bartholomew, mar- 
riage, 234 

Thynne, Lady Charlotte, marriage, 
340 n. See Buccleugh 

Thynne, Lady George, 197 

Thynne, Lord George, 197 n. 
See Carteret 

Thynne, Thomas, 2 n. 

Tiberias, 157 

Tierney, George, 147 ; at Drop- 
more, 149 ; leader of the 
Opposition, resignation, 268 

Titchfield, Lord, 142 ; death, 
307 

Todd, Anthony, 250 n. 

Todd, Eleanor, 250. See Lauder- 
dale 

Tollemache, Admiral, 309 

Tollemache, Elizabeth, 309 n. 

Tollemache, John, 1st Baron, 
309 n. 

Tork Hill, 31 

Torrington, George, 4th Viscount, 
231 n., 282 n. 

Townley, Charlotte, 261, 262 n. 

Townley, Peregrine, 261, 262 n 



Townley, Chateau of, 261 
Townsend, George, 1st Marquess, 

196n. 

Townshend, Marianne, 72 n. 
Townshend, Thomas, 72 n. 
Tracy, Mrs. Hanbury, 272 
Trafalgar, Battle of, 92 
Trevor, Arthur Hill, 218n. See 

Dungannon 
Tripp, Baron, 227 
Trotter, Mr., 195 
Truxille, 130 

Tweeddale, 7th Marquess of, 237 n. 
Tyrwhitt, Thomas, 119n. See 

Jones 

Ulm, Capitulation of, 90, 95 

Ulster, disarmed, 29 

Upsala University, Library at, 

353 
Upton, Hon. Fulke Greville, 113, 

224 n. 

Upton, Mary, 224 n. 
Uxbridge, Caroline, Lady, 145 n. 
Uxbridge, Henry, 1st Earl of, 

98 n., 144, 192 
Uxbridge, Henry William, 2nd 

Earl of, 145, 312 n. ; marriage, 

217. See Anglesey 

Vale Royal, 16, 153 252, 271, 
323, 369 

Valentia, 140 

Vansittart, Nicholas, 247 ; Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, 294, 
299. See Bexley 

Vassall, Richard, 70 n., 115n. 

Vaughan, Anne, 6 

Versailles, 72 

Vesuvius, Mount, 368 

Vienna, Congress at, 165, 171 ; 
mission to, 118 

Vimeiro, Battle of, 130n, 

Vinegar Hill, action at, 30 

Visme, Emily de, 69 n. , 

Visme, General de, 69 n. , .> 

Voltaire, Francois, Adelaide du 
Quesclin, 72, 74 

Volunteers, the Kentish, review, 
54, 55 

Waldegrave, Elizabeth, Lady, 
death of her relations, 135 

Waldegrave, 2nd and 4th Earls, 
135 

Walden, John, 4th Lord Howard 
de, 11, 23 n. See Braybrooka 



INDEX 



411 



Waldron, Henry, 311 n. 

Wales, Princess Augusta of, 224 

Wales, Caroline, Princess of, 109 

Wales, H.R.H. George, Prince of, 

24 ; picture with his father, 

108 ; prevented from attending 

. Fjox's funeral, 116f illness, 

168. See George IV 

Walker, the apothecary, 272 

Wallop, John, 246 n. See Ports- 
mouth 

Walpole, 4th Baron, 87 

Walpole, Horatio, 87 n. See 
Orford 

Walpole, John, at Dresden, 87 

Warburton, Mary, 305 n. 

Warburton, Rowland Egerton, 
305 n. : 

Ward, John, 366 n. See Dudley 

Wardle, Gwilliam Lloyd, Colonel, 
letter to Sir Watkin, 30-32; 
charges against the Duke of 
tfork, 137-141 ; freedom of the 
city of London, 137 ; result of 
the trial, 148 

Wardle, Mrs., 140 

Waterford, Henry, 2nd Marquess 
of, 40 n. 

Waterloo, Battle of, 191 

Watson, Richard, Bishop of Llan- 
daff, 184 ; volumes of tracts, 184 

Webster, Sir Godfrey, 70 n., 1 15 n. 

Wellesley, Anne, 109 n. 

Wellesley, Lady Anne, 290 n. 

Wellesley, Catherine, 329 n. 

Wellesley, Lady Charlotte, 145 

Wellesley, Helena, 329 n. 

Wellesley, Sir Henry; 145 n. ; 
second marriage, 192. See 
Cowley -, > 

Wellesley, Hyacinth, Lady, 320 n. 

Wellesley, Marianne, Ladv, 320 n., 

. 329 n. 

Wellesley, Richard, Marquess of, 
10.9 n., 213 n., 320 ; mission to 
Spain, 147 ; attack of gout, 
148 ; second marriage, 327, 
329 

Wellesley, William Pole Tilney 
Long, 329 n. See Mornington 

Wellington, Arthur, 1st Duke of, 
9 ; Generalissimo of the Spanish 
Armies, 162 ; Battle of Water- 
loo, 191 ; attends a reception 
at Gloucester House, 208 ; 
High Constable at the corona- 
tion of George IV, 245 ; at 
Combermero, 258 ; reception 



at Avington, 270 ; withdraws 
his support of the Catholic 
question, 354 ; Prime Minister, 
365; saying of, 371 ; resigna- 
tion, 374 ; encomiums on, 377, 
378 

Wellington, Arthur Richard, 2nd 
Duke of, 329 n. 

Wellington, Charlotte, 139n. 

Wellington, Henry, ' marriage, 
I39tu 

Wells, Captain, M.P. for Hunting- 
donshire, 214 

Wenlock, Beilby, 1st Baron, 11, 
201 n.. 

West, Lady Catherine, marriage, 
201 

Westbury, election, 371 n. 

Westminster, Constance, Duchess 
of, 330 n. 

Westminster, Eleanor, Lady, 
258 n. 

Westminster, Hugh, 1st Duke of, 
330 n. 

Westminster, Katherine, Duchess 
of, 330 n. 

Westminster, Richard, 2nd Mar- 
quess of, 209 n., 230 n., 276 n., 
330 n. 

Westminster, Robert, 1st Marquess 
of, 230 n., 258 n., 276 n., 330 n. 

Westminster, election, 213, 222 

Westmorland, Jane, Lady, 215 

Westmorland, John, 10th Earl of, 
149, 215 n., 238 n. 

Westmorland, Sarah, Lady, at- 
tempt to kill herself, 149 

Whameliffe, John, 2nd Lord, 
327 n. 

Whitbread, Lady Elizabeth, 147 n. 

Whitbread, Samuel, 147 ; charges 
against Lord Melville, 107 ; 
death, 220 

Whitelock, Mrs., 214 

Whitwell, John Griffin, 23 n. See 
Braybrooke 

Whitworth, Charles, career, 37 n. 

Whitworth, Lord, at Paris, 66 

Whyte, Thomas, 109 n. 

Wicklow, rebellion, 35, 39 

Wighill Park, 47 n. 

Wilberforce, Mr., 204 

Wilbraham, Anne, 317 

Wilbraham, George, 317 

Wilbraham, Jessy, 305 n. 

Wilbraham, Hon. Richard Booth, 
305 n. 

Willey Park, 278 



412 



INDEX 



William IV, King, 211 n., 228 n., 
266 n. ; accession, 355, 374 ; 
popularity, 376, 378 ; enco- 
miums on the Duke of Welling- 
ton, 377, 378 ; coronation, 
382 

Williams, Edwards, 21 9 n. 

Williams, Elizabeth, 64 

Williams, Henrietta, Lady, 13, 
301 n. 

Williams, Hugh, marriage, 214 n., 
231 n., 301 n. 

Williams, Sir James Hamlyn, 
210n., 317 

Williams, John, at Wynnstay, 
231 

Williams, Sir John, 210 n., 230 n., 
301 n. ; at Wynnstay, 231 

Williams, Mrs. Lloyd, 332 

Williams, Margaret, 301 

Williams, Mary, 301 n. ; at Wynn- 
stay, 230 

Williams, Mary, Lady, 317 

Williams, Mr., M.P. for Flint, 
resignation, 103 

Williams, Mrs., 223 n. 

Williams, Richard, 332 n. 

Williams, Lady Sarah, at Wynn- 
stay, 231 

Williams, Watkyn, 54 n. 

Willis, Dr., Court physician, 47 

Wilson, Jane, 1 83 n. See Perceval 

Wilson, Sir Thomas Spencer, 
183n. 

Wilton, Viscount Grey -de, 330 

Wilton, Thomas, 1st Earl of, 
230 n., 258 n. 

Wilton, Thomas, 2nd Earl of, 
276 n., 330 n. ; at Wynnstay, 
230 

Wilts, Broome, 317 n. 

Windham, William, Secretary at 
War, 69 ; death, 220 

Windsor, Harriet, Baroness, 206 n, 
314 n. 

Wingfield, Mr., 134 

Woffington, Mary, 324 n. 

Wootton, destroyed by fire, 4, 
252, 254 

Worcester, Emily, Lady, at the 
Children's Ball, 367 

Worcester, Henry, Lord, 163, 
275 ; marriage, 290 ; at the 
Children's Ball, 367. See 

Beaufort 

Woronzow, Count, 191 

Worthington, Robert, 1st Earl of, 
83 n. 



Wortley, Lady Georgina, 327 n. 

Wortley, John Stewart, marriage, 
327. See Wharncliffe 

Wrightson, Mr., accident to, 309 

Wiirtemberg, Princess Catherine 
of, 105 n., 298 n. 

Wiirtemberg, Charlotte, Queen 
of, 295, 340, 377 n. 

Wiirtemberg, Frederick, King of, 
24 n., 377 

Wy combe, 148 

Wyndham, Catherine, Lady, 2 

Wyndham, Elizabeth, 2 ; mar- 
riage, 3. See Grenville 

Wyndham, Sir William, 2 ; Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, 2 ; 
arrested, 2 

Wynn, Arthur Williams, vi 

Wynn, Rt. Hon. Charles Williams, 
birth, 14; M.P. for Mont- 
gomery, 14, 47 ; candidate for 
the Speakership, 14, 198, 200, 
203; marriage, 15, 112, 116; 
attentions to Miss Acland, 
19-21 ; birthday letters, 21, 
26 ; in command of the Mont- 
gomeryshire Yeomanry Cavalry, 
35 ; in Dublin, 35 ; on circuit 
at Oxford, 60 ; at Dieppe, 67 ; 
Rouen, 68 ; Paris, 69-74 ; 
excursion to Versailles, 72 ; 
rumours of his marriage, 75 ; 
advice from his mother, 112; 
at Shrewsbury, 113; Wynn- 
stay, 116; discovery of Young's 
frauds, 171, 173-175, 179; at 
Pool, 175; Llangedwyn, 178, 
294 ; Acton, 186 ; on the trial 
of Queen Caroline, 248 ; Presi- 
dent of the Board of Control, 
260, 279 ; attitude on the 
Catholic Bill, 260; relations 
with the Duke of Buckingham, 
336, 346, 348-350; resigna- 
tion, 355 ; War Secretary, 374 

Wynn, Charlotte, Lady Williams, 
1 ; birth, 2 ; parents, 2 ; 
death of her mother, 5 ; mar- 
riage, 6 ; death of her husband, 
7; children, 7, 13-16; brothers, 
7-10; sisters, 11, 12; advice 
to her son Charles, 19-22, 
112; at Taplow, 23 n. ; por- 
trait, 45 ; on the art of letter- 
writing, 65 ; at Stowe, 79, 
316-320; Gorhambury, 108; 
stewardship of her son Henry's 
patrimony, 124-126; at Wy- 



INDEX 



413 



combe, 148 ; marriage of her 
daughter Harriet, 150 ; affec- 
tion for her daughter-in-law 
Hester, 164, 165 ; in Spain, 
165; at Buxton, 166 ; Ryde, 
170 ; search for a courier, 
171-173; at Paris, 181 ; Aix, 
182; Madrid, 189; Falmouth, 
190 ; Elton, 214, 251, 301 ; 
Llanvorda, 219, 264, 266; gives 
a ball, 229 ; at Wynnstay, 
230, 263, 304, 329; Vale 
Royal, 252, 271, 323, 369; 
Llangedwyn, 257, 326 ; Astle, 
261 ; Hawarden, 271, 291, 
361 ; Hastings, 275, 278 ; on 
the claims of office, 276 ; at 
JPenbedw, 292 ; Stuttgart, 295 ; 
the Aston Hall theatricals, 
305 ; Madeley Manor, 324-326 ; 
septuagenarian, 369 ; at Castle 
Hill, 371, 378 ; paralytic stroke, 
380 ; moved to Richmond, 
380, 381 ; invitation to Stowe, 
383 ; death, 384 

Wynn, Charlotte Williams, 222, 
272, 310 

Wynn, Charlotte Williams, mar- 
riage, 15, 45 n., 99 n., 102 ; 
at Ranelagh, 53 ; present from 
her brother Henry, 102, 106. 
See Shipley 

Wynn, Fanny Williams, diaries, 
vi, 14, 76 n. ; birth, 13 ; 
travels abroad, 14, 198, 304 ; 
on the engagement of her 
sister Harriet, 151 ; in Spain, 
165; debut, 195; at Majorca, 
259 

Wynn, Frances, Lady Williams, 
vi ; portrait, 7 

Wynn, Harriet Williams, birth, 
16; marriage, 16, 150-153. See 
Cholmondeley and Delamere 

Wynn, Lady Harriet Williams, 
13, 149, 200 ; birth of a 
daughter, 214 ; of a sou, 244 ; 
health, 294 ; at Rome, 295 ; 
voyage to Alnwick, 322 ; death 
of her mother, 374 

Wynn, Henrietta Williams, 13, 
301 n. ; birth, 214 ; marriage, 
231 n. See Williams 

Wynn, Lady Henrietta Williams, 
death, vi ; portrait, 7 

Wynn, Sir Henry Williams, birth, 
16; at Chiswick, 16, 17; taste 
for travel, 22 ; at Harrow, 22 ; 



leaves Harrow, 41 ; private 
secretary to the Rt. Hon. T. 
Grenville, 42 ; in the wreck of 
the Proserpine, 42-44 ; at Cux- 
haven, 44 ; private secretary 
to Lord Grenville, 57, 62 ; 
engagement, 75 ; Minister at 
Dresden, 77 ; audience with 
the Elector of Saxony, 78 ; 
treatment of a French emigree, 
79 ; takes part in the fete of 
Mardi Gras, 80 ; increase of 
salary, 83 ; household expenses, 
86 ; engagement broken off, 
88, 113; present to his sister 
Charlotte, 102, 106 ; JRenvoye 
Extraordinaire, at Teplitz, 104 ; 
Konigsberg, 105 ; mission to 
Vienna, 118; return to England, 
118; at Stowe, 119; descrip- 
tion of the visit of Louis 
XVIII to Stowe, 119-122; 
patrimony, 124-126 ; tour in 
the Spanish Peninsula, 124, 128 ; 
at Inverary, 126; Lisbon, 
129; Elvas, 132; Gibraltar, 
140; Cadiz, 145, 150, 162; 
Portsmouth, 149; in Syria, 150; 
meeting with Lady Hester 
Stanhope, 150, 155, 160; at 
Constantinople, 154 ; Rhodes, 
156; in Palestine, 156-160; 
at Cairo, 160 ; illness at Malta, 
161 ; marriage, 161 n., 164 ; 
at Salamanca, 162 ; travels 
abroad, 164, 170 ; Minister at 
Stuttgart, 260, 295 ; at Berne, 
280; at Copenhagen, 304, 
323 ; at Munich, 323 ; book 
collector, 352 ; K.G.C.H., 380 ; 
on the death of his mother, 384 

Wynn, Herbert Watkin Williams, 
13 ; birth, 283, 290 ; appearance, 
306 

Wynn, Hon. Hester Williams, 164. 
See Smith. 

Wynn, Mary Williams, marriage, 
15, 75 n., 112; at Wynn- 
stay, 116; Llangedwyn, 178; 
Brighton, 342 

Wynn, Mary Williams, 256, 272 ; 
at Stowe, 320. See Gaskell 

Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, 3rd 
Baronet, 6 

Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, 4th 
Baronet, 6 ; portraits, 7 ; death 
7; will, 12 

Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, 6th 



414 



INDEX 



Baronet, portrait, 7 ; career, 
13; marriage, 13, 200 n. ; in 
command of the " Ancient 
British Dragoons," 30 ; quar- 
tered at Naas, 40 ; in command 
of the Buabon Yeomanry, 
164 ; ordered to France, 164 ; 
at Vienna, 186; appreciation 
of his patriotism, 186; presen- 
tation plate, 188 ; celebration 
of his birthday, 218 ; views on 
politics, 260 ; on the " meet- 
ing " between the Dukes of 
Buckingham and Bedford, 281- 
283 ; at Rome, 295, 299 ; 
attack of St. Anthony, 316 ; 
at Stowe, 316 ; voyage to 
Alnwick, 322 ; Aide-de-Camp 
for the Militia of Wales, 375 

Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, 6th 
Baronet, 13, 244, 306 

Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, vi 



Wynnatay, vi, 45 n., 74, 215, 
304; ball at, 229 

Yonge, Ellis, 15n. 

Yonge, Penelope, 15 n. See 
Shipley 

York, Frederica, Duchess of, 
illness, -241, 242 

York, Frederick, Duke of, 49 ; 
in, . command in Holland, 56 ; 
charges against, 137-141 ; re- 
signation, 141 ; result of the 
trial, 148 ; illness, 347 ; re- 
covery, 352 ; death, 355 ; debts, 
355; funeral, 356 

York, Richard, 47 n. 
j Young, steward at Wynnstay, 
systematic frauds, 171, 174, 
1 78 ; attempt on his life, 
171, 173; recovery, 172; his 
son, 172, 179 ; letter from Lady 
A. Hamilton, 175-177 



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